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1

ls70  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

RESPONSE TO VIBRATIONAL DISTURBANCE RESPONSE TO VIBRATIONAL DISTURBANCE OF THE MAGNET FOUNDATION T. Khoe LS-70-Revised September 5, 1986 LS-70 - Revised Response to Vibrational Disturbance of the Magnet Foundation Assumptions: 1. Soil under the concrete slab of uniform density and elasticity (constant o and constant modulus of elasticity E). 2. Constant frictional damping. 3. No coupling between vertical and horizontal motion. Vertica 1 Motion Hooke's law: z - Zo Tension Force - - - ... ---=-- "" --- z E AE o A = area of the slab Force: = gravity acceleration dz - frictional force * C dt - driving force (external and/or internal) ... f cos wt M K Ml + A(L - zo)p Ml x mass of concrete slab + magnets L ~ distance of slab to bedrock (assumed constant) p a density of soil Substitution of the force F in Hooke's law gives

2

LS-89  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

9 9 April 1987 VIBRATION SURVEY OF IPNS BEAM LINE MAGNETS AND EXPERIMENT HALL J. A. Jendrzejczyk, R. K. Smith, and M. W. Wambsganss LS-89 April 1987 VIBRATION SURVEY OF IPNS BEAM LINE MAGNETS AND EXPERIMENT HALL by J. A. Jendrzejczyk, R. K. Smith, and M. W. Wambsganss 1.0 INTRODUCTION Successful operation of the 7-GeV Advanced Photon Source (APS) requires that vibration (self-induced or transmitted via the floor/support system) of the quadrupole magnets be eliminated or otherwise controlled within allowable limits. The acceptance criterion is based on vertical emittance growth. In particular, it is required that l!.€ __ z < 10% € (1) z Low frequency « 20 Hz) vibrations lead to position and photon beam steering which can be corrected for with feedback systems using steering magnets.

3

LS-65  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5 5 July 17, 1986 Comparison of LINDA and POISSON of a Dipole Field Calculation S. H. Kim 7/17/86 LS-65 Comparison of LINDA and POISSON of a Dipole Field Calculation S. H. Kim Two-dimensional magnetic field computations of a dipole magnet using LINDA and POISSON are compared. The purpose is not to distinguish the basic differences between the two codes, but to compare the results for different mesh sizes in a given problem region. The magnet geometry chosen for the calculation is the 6-GeV injector synchrotron H-type dipole magnet. Figure 1 is the geometry used for LINDA runs. The outside air region is required to satisfy the geometrical constraints of the input parameters in LINDA. LINDA divides the problem space into uniform rectangular meshes. The

4

LS-146  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

rjb rjb LS-146 03/20/90 A PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS OF THE APS CROTCH DESIGN (*) Ao 110 Khounsary Advanced Photon Source Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439 March 1990 The submitted manuscript has been authored by a contractor of the U. S. Government under contract No. W-31·109-ENG·38. According!y I the U. S. Government retains a nonexclusive, royaltyMfree license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so, for U. S. Government purposes. *This work supported by the UB. Department of Energy, BES-Materials Sciences, under contract no. W-31-109-ENG-38 A Preliminary Analysis of the APS Crotch Design Ali M. Khounsary Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory Argonne, IL 60439 December 1989

5

LS-58  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

8 8 April 22, 1986 AN UNREINFORCED VACUUM CHAMBER FOR THE 6-GeV INJECTOR SYNCHROTRON W. F. Praeg (4/22/86) LS-58 An Unreinforced Vacuum Chamber for the 6-GeV Injector Synchrotron w. F. Praeg Summary The elliptical vacuum chamber of the injector synchrotron, as described in the Conceptual Design Report (CDR), ANL-86-8, is made from stainless steel tubes reinforced by thin ribs. A simpler design is proposed and analyzed which not only reduces the cost by 74%, but also is easier to install, bake, and pump. Introduction The elliptical vacuum chamber for the 6 GeV injector synchrotron described in the CDR ANL-86-8 is made from 0.3-mm thick stainless steel (SS), reinforced by ribs spaced 20-mm apart. Its design is based on a chamber developed for the 9 GeV synchrotron DESY II which operates with a I2.5-Hz

6

LS-132  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2 2 Kei th Symon November 1988 ANALYSIS OF THE WALKINSHAW DIFFERENCE RESONANCE In preparation for the Aladdin experiments, I will give an analytic treatment of the Walkinshaw difference resonance. The treatment nearly parallels that in LS-l3l for the third-integral resonance. I. Analysis of the Resonance The Hami 1 tonian in the neighborhood of the Wa lkinshaw resonance Vx - 2 vy = m (1.1) can be written in terms of angle-action variables in the form h V J +v J +S(2J )1/2(2J )sin(y -2y -m&+ç) xx yy x y x y +aJ 2+2bJ J +cJ 2 x x Y Y (1. 2) We first transform to resonant coordinates via the generating function F(Ji,J2,yx,yy,8) Ji(y -2y -m8+ç)+J2Y x y y (1.3 ) which gives Yl = Y - 2y - m8 + ç x Y Y2 yy (1.4 ) J x J 1 Jy = J 2 - 2J 1 (i.5 ) J 1 = J x J 2 J + 2J Y x (1. 6) 2 The resonant hamiltonian is

7

LI  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

\ \ LI g. / This document con&s of lf pages. No. 1 &of #copies, Series fl . .! ' \ ' > .b P .--r ' i ' ./' MJDIFICATION NO. k sUPPLEMENTALAMw24ENrto CONTRACT NO. A T (30-l)-1335 M O D IFICATION NO. 4 CONTRACTOR AND A D D m S : KIDIFICATION TO: -EINESTIEUTED CCSTOFWORKr TOTAT,ESTIIUTEDC~T OFWRKI INCREASEIN C O M K rSSI~ OBLlDATIONt NEMTOTALCOMMISSION OBLIOaTIONt PAYl%NTTDBEMADEBY: HORIZONS, INCORPOlZATED R-inceton, New Jersey AIBNDSCOPEOFK#tK,EXTENDTR?M AND OTflER CHANOES $&31,lbOO (exclusive of fixed fee of $20,550.00) @549,484.00 (exchsive of fixed fee of $27,950.00) $l50,000.00 $rrS, 740*~ Division of Disburseaaent, United States T reasury Department, New York, New PO&. Submlt invoices to8 United State8 Atomic Energy Commission, P. 0. Box 30, Anaonia Station,

8

Introduction LS-156  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

LS-156 LS-156 10/15/90 Design of Kicker/Bumper Magnet and PFN for PAR By JU \VANG Al'ID GERALD J.VOLK* The submitted manuscript has been authored by a contractor of the U. S. Government under contract No. W~31·1 09-ENG·38. Accordingly, the U. S. Government retains a nonexclusive, royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so, for U. S. Government purposes. Three fast pulsed kicker!bumper magnets are required in the positron accumulator ring (PAR) for the purpose of beam injection and/or extraction at 450 MeV. According to the Conceptual Design Report (CDR), these three magnets have identical specifications and are expected to produce identical magnetic fields. Therefore, they will have the same design. Each

9

LS-13 K. Thompson  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

K. Thompson February 19, 1985 Second Designs and Cost Estimates for Storage Ring Dipoles and Quadrupoles When the first designs for these magnets, summarized in LS-12, were reviewed, it was decided to change two of the design criteria. These new criteria are: 1. Retain the original aperture dimensions but increase the maximum operating energy by 25%; and 2. Permit ALL insertion device straight sections to be able to accept either type of device. The result of No. 1 above is to increase the flux density in the yoke at the maximum operating point and increase the coil size for the dipole magnet. The quadrupole yokes were increased in size to keep the flux density less than 15kG but the coils were not changed. When applying criteria 2. above, five different quadrupoles immediately

10

LS-EC(1/8/86) LS-48  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

EC(1/8/86) LS-48 EC(1/8/86) LS-48 January 8, 1986 Edwin A. Crosbie Location of the Injector Synchrotron Relations to the 6 GeV Light Source Ring Figures 1 and 2 show the desired location and orientation of the injector synchrotron relative to the center of the injection straight section of the Light Source ring. The large crosses show the locations of the centers of the long straight sections of the synchrotron and the injection straight section, respectively. The injector synchrotron straight section makes an angle of 19.47 0 relative to the storage ring injection straight section. The total distance from the beginning of the linac to the center of the injector straight section is shown as 80 m. It nmkes an angle of 3 0 with respect to the injector synchrotron straight section.

11

Lime Wind | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lime Wind Lime Wind Facility Lime Wind Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Joseph Millworks Inc Developer Joseph Millworks Inc Energy Purchaser Idaho Power Location Huntington OR Coordinates 44.406667°, -117.310278° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.406667,"lon":-117.310278,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

12

Microsoft Word - ls306.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ANL/APS/LS-306 ANL/APS/LS-306 Canted-Undulator Front-End Exit-Mask Flow-Induced Vibration Measurements Jeff T. Collins, Charles L. Doose, John N. Attig Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439, U.S.A. and Michael M. Baehl Summer Student Participant Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Illinois, Champaign, IL 61801, U.S.A. Abstract All of the high-heat-load critical components in the new canted-undulator front-end (CU FE) design use wire-coil inserts inside of the cooling channels to significantly enhance heat transfer. Wire-coil inserts have replaced the copper-mesh inserts used in previous front-end high-heat-load critical-component designs. The exit mask, the most downstream component in the CU FE line

13

Microsoft Word - ls279.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

LS Note 279 LS Note 279 Retuning the APS Storage Ring for Better Chromaticity Correction Yong-Chul Chae, Edwin A. Crosbie Advanced Photon Source Accelerator System Division July 9, 1999 Summary When the APS storage ring was retuned to provide smaller β y values in the insertion straight sections, it was necessary to increase the vertical tune by at least two units. Since the design values for the horizontal and vertical tunes are 35.22 and 16.30, respectively, this put the tunes dangerously close to the sextupole 2ν y -ν x coupling resonance. The large injection horizontal oscillations could couple to the vertical plane and exceed the 5-mm vertical apertures that exist in some of the insertion straight sections. To avoid this resonance, the vertical tune was raised beyond the resonance to

14

LS-  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3 3 December 6, 1985 T. Khoe EstiBate of the Radio Frequency Properties of the Vacuue Chamber 1. Cutoff frequencies The lowest cutoff frequency is that of the TE waves. A very approximate calculation of the cutoff frequency can be made by considering region II as a capacitance and regions I and III as inductances (see Fig. 1). I Fig. 1. Vacuum Chamber Cross Section Region I: beam chamber: cross section area: AI * 25 cm 2 corresponding circumference: SI * 20 cm Region II: gap g = 1 cm, width w = 10 cm cutoff frequency: 15 GHz m 4 x 10 4 fO Region III: cross section area: AlII ~ 40 cm 2 corresponding circumference: SIll - 36 cm 2 NEG strips: each W NEG - 2 cm wide III . W£6 - For a length t 1l0ArIl L Ilr .. 9. 2 of the vacuum chamber one has Crr .. -

15

LS-  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

7 7 The submitted manuscript has been authore by a contractor of the U. S. Governmer' under contract No. W·31·109-ENG·31 Accordingly, the U. S. Government retains nonexclusive. royalty-free license to publis or reproduce the published form of th contribution. or allow others to do so, fc U. S. Government purposes. VV. Chou and J. Bridges Jan 9, 1989 (Rev. September 4, 1990) 3-D Computer Simulations of EM Fields in the APS Vacuum Chamber - Part 1: Frequency-Domain Analysis The vacuum chamber proposed for the storage ring of the 7-GeV Advanced Photon Source (APS) basically consists of two parts: the beam chamber and the antechamber, connected to each other by a narrow gap, as shown in Fig. 1. A sector of I-meter-long chamber with closed end plates, to which are attached the l-inch-diameter beampipes

16

LS-  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

50 50 G. K. SHENOY February, 1986 ANGULAR DISTRIBUTION OF POWER FROM AN UNDULATOR AND A WIGGLER ON A 6-GeV STORAGE RING There are two fundamental reasons to have a full knowledge of the angular distribution of power from an insertion device: 1. To evaluate the heat-load distribution on the first optical element in a beamline. 2. To estimate the total radiated power which will impinge on the walls of an insertion device. This is important to ensure needed cooling of the insertion device walls. The photodesorption is another closely related phenomenon determined by the exposure of the insertion device walls to the radiated power and of consequence to the successful operation of the storage ring. We have discussed the angular distribution of power from a wiggler source

17

LS-  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2 G. K. Shenoy P. J. Viccaro Sept. 25, 1985 ENERGY AND ANGULAR DISTRIBUTIONS OF RADIATION POWER FROM BENDING MAGNET AND WIGGLER SOURCES AT A 6-GeV RING Summary: In order to design...

18

LS-  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

9 9 Eigenmodes in Two Simplified Chamber Structures Studied for Spurious Microwaves in the APS Storage Ring Beam Chamber Xiang Sun and Glenn Decker April 30, 2003 Abstract The vertical readback errors are one order of magnitude greater than the horizontal ones in the APS storage ring beam chamber. To learn and solve this problem, we simulate the eigenmodes in two chamber structures, which are simplified from the APS storage ring beam chamber, and find their dependence on the variation of the chamber structures. These two structures are introduced as the solutions to separate and then restrain the spurious microwave modes by using a metal short block and a plate inside the chamber. The short block can shift and separate the frequencies of every mode

19

LS-  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5 5 The submitted manuscript has been author€- by a contractor of the U. S. Governme: under contract No. W-31-'09-ENG-3 Accordingly, the U. S. Government rets'lnS nonexclusive. royalty-free license to public or reproduce the published form of th contribution, or allow others to do so, f. U. S. Government purposes. W. Chou Jan 20, 1989 (Rev. September 4, 1990) 3-D Computer Simulations of EM Fields in the APS Vacuum Chamber - Part 2: Time-Domain Analysis In Ref. [1], we analyze the RF modes of the 1-meter-long sector of the APS vacuum chamber in the frequency-domain. This note is a parallel analysis in the time-domain. There are quite a few measurements completed on this 1-meter-long sector. [2] In or- der to understand these experimental results, in particular, the cause of the strong peak

20

LS-Kim LS-54 S. H. Kim  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Kim LS-54 Kim LS-54 S. H. Kim 1/28/86 Distribution of the Bending Magnet Radiation This note describes the distribution of the synchrotron radiation from the bending magnets (BM) in storage ring of the 6 GeV Light Source. The total radiated power, PT(W), from one BM is given by 2 2 3 P T = 1.263 E B IL = 10.44 x 10 W, (1) where E (position beam energy) = 6.6 GeV, B (magnetic field) = 0.88 T, I (beam current) = 100 mAt and L (BM length) = 2.45 m are used in this note. The radiation power density is approximately expressed as where F(Y~) 0.4375 e 2 W/ (mrad) , 1 (Y~ )2 - 2" 0.608 (2) The distribution of the radiation in the vertical direction in Eq. (2) is ~ - 0.1 mrad. Since there are 64 BM's in the storage ring, the maximum bending angle by one BM in the horizontal direction is

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li lime ls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Fly ash chemical classification based on lime  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Typically, total lime content (CaO) of fly ash is shown in fly ash reports, but its significance is not addressed in US specifications. For certain applications a low lime ash is preferred. When a class C fly ash must be cementitious, lime content above 20% is required. A ternary S-A-C phase diagram pilot is given showing the location of fly ash compositions by coal rank and source in North America. Fly ashes from subbituminous coal from the Powder River Basin usually contain sufficient lime to be cementitious but blending with other coals may result in calcium being present in phases other than tricalcium aluminate. 9 refs., 1 fig.

Fox, J. [BASF Construction Chemicals, LLC (United States)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Microsoft Word - LS Power Comments.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Comments on Behalf of LS Power Associates, L.P. on the Proposed Transmission Infrastructure Program Pursuant to the Federal Register Notice in Federal Register Vol. 74, No. 41, LS Power Associates, L.P. ("LS Power") submits the following comments on the Proposed Transmission Infrastructure Program ("TIP") by the Western Area Power Administration ("Western") to implement section 402 of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 ("Recovery Act"). 1. Introduction LS Power is an independent power generation and transmission group with a proven track record of successful development activities, operations management and commercial execution. LS Power has been involved in the development, construction, or operations of over 20,000 MW of power generation

23

First light for LS-CAT  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

First light for LS-CAT First light for LS-CAT At 10:24 a.m. on June 27, 2006, two x-ray beams from dual canted undulators drilled twin channels into a block of acrylic. The Life Sciences Collaborative Access Team ( LS-CAT ) marked its first step toward emerging as the newest structural biology sector at the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Photon Source (APS) at Argonne National Laboratory. The LS-CAT is a member-based collaborative access team that includes the University of Michigan, Michigan State University, the Van Andel Research Institute, Wayne State University, Northwestern University, the University of Wisconsin at Madison, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The LS-CAT will operate four experimental stations for x-ray crystallography using two insertion

24

On really stoichiometric LiCoO2 M. Mntrier1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

recalled above (with LS Co4+ ions). We had also concluded some time ago that excess Li in lithium cobalt long thermal treatment for complete elimination of excess Li. Such highly stoichiometric Li1CoO2 criterion for the characterization of Li-stoichiometry in lithium cobalt oxide. Hertz et al (7) also state

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

25

Sulfate induced heave in lime stabilized soil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The addition of hydrated lime to clay soils is one of the most common methods of soil stabilization. However, when sulfates are present in the soil, the calcium in the lime reacts with the sulfates to form ettringite, an expandable mineral...

Bredenkamp, Sanet

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

26

Factors affecting the supply and demand for limes and lime oil in the U.S.: development implications for Veracruz state, Mexico.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The fresh lime industry is an important economic activity in Veracruz, Mexico. In this thesis, the economic potential of the fresh lime and lime oil (more)

Abarca Orozco, Saul Julian

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Opacity reduction using hydrated lime injection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this investigation is to study the effects of injecting dry hydrated lime into flue gas to reduce sulfur trioxide (SO{sub 3}) concentrations and consequently stack opacity at the University of Missouri, Columbia power plant. Burning of high sulfur coal (approx. 4% by weight) at the power plant resulted in opacity violations. The opacity problem was due to sulfuric acid mist (H{sub 2}SO{sub 4}) forming at the stack from high SO{sub 3} concentrations. As a result of light scattering by the mist, a visible plume leaves the stack. Therefore, reducing high concentrations of SO{sub 3} reduces the sulfuric acid mist and consequently the opacity problem. The current hydrated lime injection system has reduced the opacity to acceptable limits. To reduce SO{sub 3} concentrations, dry hydrated lime is injected into the flue gas upstream of a particulate collection device (baghouse) and downstream of the induced draft fan. The lime is periodically injected into the flue via a pneumatic piping system. The hydrated lime is transported down the flue and deposited on the filter bags in the baghouse. As the hydrated lime is deposited on the bags a filter cake is established. The reaction between the SO{sub 3} and the hydrated lime takes place on the filter bags. The hydrated lime injection system has resulted in at least 95% reduction in the SO{sub 3} concentration. Low capital equipment requirements and operating cost coupled with easy installation and maintenance makes the system very attractive to industries with similar problems. This paper documents the hydrated lime injection system and tests the effectiveness of the system on SO{sub 3} removal and subsequent opacity reduction. Measurements Of SO{sub 3} concentrations, flue gas velocities, and temperatures have been performed at the duct work and baghouse. A complete analysis of the hydrated lime injection system is provided.

Wolf, D.E.; Seaba, J.P. [Univ. of Missouri, Columbia, MO (United States)

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

28

LS9 Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LS9 Inc LS9 Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name LS9 Inc Address 100 Kimball Way Place South San Francisco, California Zip 94080 Sector Biofuels Product Uses synthetic biology to develop biofuels from traditional feedstocks Website http://www.ls9.com/ Coordinates 37.651095°, -122.3926° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.651095,"lon":-122.3926,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

29

Microsoft Word - ls303.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Generation of Bright, Tunable, Polarized γ-Ray Sources by Scattering Laser Generation of Bright, Tunable, Polarized γ-Ray Sources by Scattering Laser Pulses from APS Electron Beams Y. Li, Y. Chae, L. Emery, Z. Huang, K. Harkay, J. Lewellen, S. V. Milton, and V. Sajaev Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439 August 1, 2003 Abstract We calculate the performance of possible Advanced Photon Source (APS) γ-ray sources for applications in nuclear physics research. For the APS storage ring, it is possible to generate tagged γ-ray photon fluxes of 10 8 , 0.7×10 8 , and 0.3×10 8 photons/s at photon energies of 1, 1.7, and 2.8 GeV, respectively. For untagged photons, fluxes higher than 10 8 photons/s are possible for those energies. For the injection booster, an untagged γ-ray photon flux up

30

SN54147, SN54148, SN54LS147, SN54LS148 SN74147, SN74148 (TIM9907), SN74LS147, SN74LS148  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OFFICE BOX 655303 · DALLAS, TEXAS 75265 '147, 'LS147 D Encode 10-Line Decimal to 4-Line BCD D (Octal) D Applications Include: - n-Bit Encoding - Code Converters and Generators 3 2 1 20 19 9 10 11 12 devices encode nine data lines to four-line (8-4-2-1) BCD. The implied decimal zero condition requires

Ravikumar, B.

31

07Li  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Li Thermal Neutron Capture Evaluated Data Measurements 1967RA24: 6Li(n, ), E thermal; measured E; deduced Q. 1968SP01: 6Li(n, ), E thermal; measured E, I; deduced Q....

32

08Li  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Thermal Neutron Capture Evaluated Data Measurements 1967RA24: 7Li(n, ), E thermal; measured E; deduced Q. 1973JUZT, 1973JUZU: 7Li(n, ), E thermal; measured (E). 7Li...

33

FAST AND LS TTL DATA BCD TO 7-SEGMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the LS48. The circuit accepts 4-bit binary-coded-decimal (BCD) and, depending on the state5-1 FAST AND LS TTL DATA BCD TO 7-SEGMENT DECODER The SN54/74LS48 is a BCD to 7-Segment Decoder are connected in pairs to make BCD data and its complement available to the seven decoding AND-OR-INVERT gates

Glashausser, Charles

34

U. S. Government purposes. LS-253  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

W·31·10!rENG·38. W·31·10!rENG·38. Accordingly. the U. S. Government retains a nonexclusive, royalty-free license to publish Or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so, for U. S. Government purposes. LS-253 A Shimming Technique for Improvement of the Spectral Performance of APS Undulator A I. Vasserman Experimental Facilities Division, APS January 9, 1996 Advanced Photon Source Argonne National Laboratory A shimming technique for improvement of the spectral performance of APS Undulator A 1. Vasserman Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439 TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Introduction 2. The shimming technique: calculations and experimental results 3. Conclusion 4 Acknowledgments 5 References 1. Introduction

35

E-Print Network 3.0 - acid lime plants Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Application of Activated Carbon Enhanced Lime for Controlling Acid Gases, Mercury, and Dioxins form MWCs... PEER-REVIEW Lime Enhances Moving Bed Filters for Mercury and Dioxin...

36

Lime slurry use at the Industrial Wastewater Pretreatment Facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of lime slurry at the IWPF demonstrated many benefits. Hazardous chemical use was reduced, solids handling was improved, water quality was enhanced and there has been a cost savings. The lime slurry also enabled the plant to begin treating the soluble oil waste, which we were not able to do in the past.

Rice, L.E. [Allied-Signal Aerospace Co., Kansas City, MO (United States). Kansas City Div.; Hughes, R.W. [Professional Services Group, Inc., Kansas City, MO (United States); Baggett, G. [Genex/Praxair, Inc., Kansas City, MO (United States)

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Lime Energy formerly Electric City Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy formerly Electric City Corporation Energy formerly Electric City Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name Lime Energy (formerly Electric City Corporation) Place Elk Grove Village, Illinois Zip 60007 Product Developer, manufacturer and integrator of energy savings technologies and building automation systems. Specialist in demand response systems. References Lime Energy (formerly Electric City Corporation)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Lime Energy (formerly Electric City Corporation) is a company located in Elk Grove Village, Illinois . References ↑ "Lime Energy (formerly Electric City Corporation)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Lime_Energy_formerly_Electric_City_Corporation&oldid=348375"

38

Global Orbit Corrections Keith Symon LS-I0l  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Orbit Corrections Keith Symon LS-I0l November 1987 K. Symon I. Introduction. There are various reasons for preferring local (e.g., three-bump) orbit correction methods to global...

39

LimeAluminaSilica processing incorporating minerals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of naturally occurring minerals to enhance the physical and mechanical properties of industrial ceramics such as alumina is an attractive alternative to synthetic materials due to cost, chemical stability and availability. Two systems, have been chosen for investigation, aluminakyanite to produce an aluminamullite composite and aluminawollastonite to produce a lime aluminosilicate. Wet processing conditions were optimised using pH/rheology and microelectrophoresis techniques followed by slip casting. The resulting green compacts were subjected to a variety of sintering regimes to produce the desired composites. Sintered products were characterised by techniques such as electron probe microanalysis, hardness tests and toughness determinations. Results are discussed, both in terms of enhanced properties realised (toughness, wear resistance, dielectric), and with respect to the viability of using natural minerals in this application.

R.H Bryden; D.G Goski; W.F Caley

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Wood Residues as Fuel Source for Lime Kilns  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

completed and the preliminary results indicate that our approach is potentially a very cost-effective and simple option to substantially reduce or possibly eliminate fossil-fuel usage in lime kilns....

Azarniouch, M. K.; Philp, R. J.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li lime ls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Enhancement of phosphogypsum with high lime fly ash  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENHANCEMENT OF PHOSPHOGYPSUM WITH HIGH LIME FLY ASH A Thesis by CHUCK ALAN GREGORY Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1983 Major... Subject: Civil Engineering ENHANCEMENT OF PHOSPHOGYPSUM WITH HIGH'LIME FLY ASH A Thesis by CHUCK ALAN GREGORY Approved as to style and content by: Dr. ona d Saylak (Chairman f Committee) Dr. W. edbetter ( ember) (Member) r. Lloyd Deuel, 3...

Gregory, Chuck Alan

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Yuyi Li  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Yuyi Li Yuyi Li Yuyi Li Electrochemical Technologies Group Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Road MS 62-0203 Berkeley CA 94720 Office Location: 62-0325 (510) 486-6894 YuyiLi@lbl.gov I am the lab manager of the Batteries for Advanced Transportation Technologies (BATT) program. I support the research operation of all electrochemistry groups in different areas. My goal is to provide the best service to researchers, so they can focus on scientific research and free from distractions, such as running out of lab supplies or equipment malfunctions. I was born and raised in Guangdong province of China, and immigrated to the U.S at age 19. After I earned a bachelor degree in chemical engineering from UCLA, I had worked in the R&D department of an organic photovoltaic

43

Preliminary neutronic studies for the liquid-salt-cooled very hightemperature reactor (LS-VHTR).  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Preliminary neutronic studies have been performed in order to provide guidelines to the design of a liquid-salt cooled Very High Temperature Reactor (LS-VHTR) using Li{sub 2}BeF{sub 4} (FLiBe) as coolant and a solid cylindrical core. The studies were done using the lattice codes (WIMS8 and DRAGON) and the linear reactivity model to estimate the core reactivity balance, fuel composition, discharge burnup, and reactivity coefficients. An evaluation of the lattice codes revealed that they give very similar accuracy as the Monte Carlo MCNP4C code for the prediction of the fuel element multiplication factor (kinf) and the double heterogeneity effect of the coated fuel particles in the graphite matrix. The loss of coolant from the LS-VHTR core following coolant voiding was found to result in a positive reactivity addition, due primarily to the removal of the strong neutron absorber Li-6. To mitigate this positive reactivity addition and its impact on reactor design (positive void reactivity coefficient), the lithium in the coolant must be enriched to greater than 99.995% in its Li-7 content. For the reference LS-VHTR considered in this work, it was found that the magnitude of the coolant void reactivity coefficient (CVRC) is quite small (less than $1 for 100% voiding). The coefficient was found to become more negative or less positive with increase in the lithium enrichment (Li-7 content). It was also observed that the coefficient is positive at the beginning of cycle and becomes more negative with increasing burnup, indicating that by using more than one fuel batch, the coefficient could be made negative at the beginning of cycle. It might, however, still be necessary at the beginning of life to design for a negative CVRC value. The study shows that this can be done by using burnable poisons (erbium is a leading candidate) or by changing the reference assembly design (channel dimensions) in order to modify the neutron spectrum. Parametric studies have been performed to attain targeted cycle length of 18 months and discharge burnup greater than 100 GWd/t with a constraint on the uranium enrichment (less than 20% to support non-proliferation goals). The results show that the required uranium enrichment and discharge burnup increase with the number of batches. The three-batch scheme is, however, impractical because the required uranium enrichment is greater than 20%. The required enrichment is smallest for the one-batch case, but its discharge burnup is smaller than the target value. Therefore, the two-batch scheme is desirable to satisfy simultaneously the target cycle length and discharge burnup. It was additionally shown that to increase the core power density to 150% of the reference core value, the required uranium enrichment is less than 20% in the single-batch scheme. This higher power density might not be achievable in the two- or three-batch schemes because the fuel enrichment would exceed 20%.

Kim, T. K.; Taiwo, T. A.; Yang, W. S.

2005-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

44

L&S Deans' Office Purchase Request Form  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

L&S Deans' Office Purchase Request Form poses a risk to the University. The University has does not need to be by the original requestor of this purchase FOR OFFICE USE ONLY Approver: Cardholder://businessservices.berkeley.edu/HtmFiles/RestrictItems.htm) 2. One form may be used for multiple purchases from a single vendor. 3. Submit form to Blu

Mofrad, Mohammad R. K.

45

Impacts of ocean acidification and mitigative hydrated lime addition on Pacific oyster larvae  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Impacts of ocean acidification and mitigative hydrated lime addition on Pacific oyster larvae, and for other species. Keywords: Ocean acidification; Pacific oyster; Larval stages; Hydrated lime; Shellfish No.: 577 Title of Project: Impacts of ocean acidification and mitigative hydrated lime addition

46

LI I  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

LI LI I (I LI 1 m r - m " P pr II II I I c - 81-r J-7 . ba OAK RCEIGE MBTSC3NAL liJM!DRAT~F-zY OPERATED OY OPERATED OY MAflTlN MAHlETTA @El&Y ?Z!SEMS, HE. MAflTlN MAHlETTA @El&Y ?Z!SEMS, HE. FOR THE UNfTEfl STATES FOR THE UNfTEfl STATES ORNL/RASA-88/59 RESULTS OF THE RADIOLOGICAL SURVEY AT DIEBOLD SAFE COMPANY, 1550 GRAND BOULEVARD, HAMILTON, OHIO (HOOol) R. D. Foley L. M. Floyd OEPARTMENT Of ENERGY This report has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from the Office of Scientific and Techni- cal Information, P.O. Box 62, Oak Ridge, TN 37831; prices available from (615) 576-840 1, FTS 626-840 1. Available to the public from the National Technical Information Service, U.S. Department of Commerce, 5285 Port Royal Rd. S ringfield, VA 22161.

47

RACETRACK AT ANL S. L. Kramer LS-67  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

RACETRACK AT ANL RACETRACK AT ANL S. L. Kramer LS-67 April, 1986 1 LS-67 S. Kramer RACETRACK AT ANL Thanks to the assistance and patience of Albin Wrulich at LBL, the most recent version of the accelerator tracking code RACETRACK is now opera- tional at Argonne on ANLHEP. Access to this program can be obtained by run- ning the program HEP2:[AR.KRAMER.RACETRAC]RACE.EXE. An input file FOROOS and output file FOR006 are all that is required. A sample data file DEMO.DAT (Table I) and an instruction file RACETRACK. GUIDE are included in this directory. This program has been tested in a mode which should agree with PATRICIA-84.9 for the "ideal" CDR lattice. Figure 1 shows the comparison of the dynamic aperture for both programs. The op/p = 0 apertures agree exactly,

48

Low frequency radio spectrum and spectral turnover of LS 5039  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LS 5039, a possible black hole x-ray binary, was recently observed with Giant Meterwave Radio Telescope. The observed spectrum presented here shows that the spectrum is inverted at the low frequency. When combined with the archival data with orbital phase similar to the present observations, it shows a clear indication of a spectral turnover. The combined data are fitted with a broken power-law and the break frequency signifies a possible spectral turnover of the spectrum around 964 MHz. Truly simultaneous observations in radio wavelength covering a wide range of frequencies are required to fix the spectrum and the spectral turn over which will play a crucial role in developing a deeper understanding of the radio emitting jet in LS 5039.

Sagar Godambe; Subir Bhattacharyya; Nilay Bhatt; Manojendu Choudhury

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

49

New waste based clinkers: Belite and lime formulations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work describes the formulation of new belite-based (CR2) and lime-based (CR3) cementitious materials derived from industrial wastes, such as sludges (generated in the Al-anodising and surface coating industrial processes, potable water filtration/cleaning operations and in marble sawing processes) and foundry sand. Powder mixtures were prepared and fired at different temperatures. For comparison, similar formulations were prepared with pre-treated and commercially available natural raw materials and processed in similar conditions. The thermal process was followed by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and high-temperature powder X-ray diffraction (HT-XRD) studies. The CR2 clinker was found to contain belite as the main cementitious phase, the main polymorph being identified by NMR. The CR3 clinker contained common cementitious phases, such as C{sub 3}A and C{sub 3}S, but free lime and calcium aluminium oxide sulphates were also identified by high temperature XRD and NMR. Then the corresponding cement was prepared and the evolution of the mechanical strength with time was evaluated. The lime-based cement obtained from wastes shows a stronger hardening character than the standard material, which tends to show dusting phenomena due to the presence of a reasonable amount of free lime (as the result of its expansive reaction with ambient moisture). Some fluxing impurities (e.g. alkalis) present in the waste materials improve the overall reactivity of the mixture and induces the combination of the lime in CR3. Raman, XPS and FIB techniques were used to fully characterise the aged cements.

Raupp-Pereira, Fabiano [Ceramics and Glass Engineering Department, CICECO, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro (Portugal); Ball, Richard James [University of Bristol, Interface Analysis Centre, Oldbury House, 121 St Michael's Hill, Bristol, BS2 8BS (United Kingdom)], E-mail: richard.ball@bristol.ac.uk; Rocha, Joao [Department of Chemistry, CICECO, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro (Portugal); Labrincha, Joao A. [Ceramics and Glass Engineering Department, CICECO, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro (Portugal); Allen, Geoffrey C. [University of Bristol, Interface Analysis Centre, Oldbury House, 121 St Michael's Hill, Bristol, BS2 8BS (United Kingdom)

2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

50

Microsoft Word - LS-ESH-0052rev 2  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Subject: Devalving of compressed gas cylinders Number: LS-ESH-0052 Revision: 2 Effective: 08/05/2008 Page 1 of 1 Prepared By: Keith Klaus Approved By: John Aloi Approved By: Andrew Ackerman *Approval signatures on file with master copy. 1. Purpose The purpose of this procedure is to provide guidance on safely removing valves (devalving) from empty, inert compressed gas cylinders. Sudden releases of energy have been associated with

51

Microsoft Word - LS-ESH-0051-Rev1.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Subject: Operation of Nano-material Hood in Room 1-128 Number: LS-ESH-0051 Revision: 1 Effective: 10/01/2007 Page 1 of 1 Keith Klaus John Aloi Syed Khalid Prepared By: Approved By: Approved By: *Approval signatures on file with master copy. 1. Purpose The purpose of this procedure is to provide guidance on the use of the HEPA filtered laboratory bench top hoods for nanomaterial use in the National Synchrotron Light Source. The SBMS

52

C: LI  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

C: C: LI c1 T - P- LI m m m c I C F II c( L e3 I 7 ,' r,L .zpl I-' . "* IL.8 -1 p @ z> Cerfification Docket for the Remedid Action Performed at the G ranite City Site in G ranite City, Illinois, June 7993 Department of Energy Former Sites Restoration Division Oak Ridge Operations O ffice September 7994 613 Printed on recycledhcydable paper. 4.1514023.6 .- CERTIFICATION DOCKET FOR THE REMEDIAL ACTION PERFORMED AT THE GRANITE CITY SITE IN GRANITE CITY, ILLINOIS, JUNE 1993 SEPTEMBER 1994 Prepared for UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Oak Ridge Operations Office Under Contract No. DE-ACOS-91OR21949 Bechtel National, Inc. Oak Ridge, Tennessee Bechtel Job No. 14501 CONTENTS "I_ FIGURES ............................................. TABLES .............................................

53

L LI LI I I  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

rA.,/q rA.,/q c - ofrd L LI LI I I c I I I - I I - c c F ORNL/RASA-9413 Results of the Supplementary Radiological Survey at the Former C. H. Schnoor and Company Site, 644 Garfield Street, Springdale, Pennsylvania (CVPOOl) R. L Coleman M. E. Murray IS. S. Brown This report has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from the Office of Scientiic and Techni- cal Information, P.O. Box 62, Oak Ridge, TN 37631; prices available from (615) 576640 1, IT3 626640 1. Available to the public from the National Technical Information Service, U.S. Department of Commerce, 5265 Port Royal Rd., Springfield, VA 22161. 1 I I I This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any

54

Limestone and Ash Storage Silos and Lime Preparation Equipment, Part  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Limestone and Ash Storage Silos and Lime Preparation Equipment, Part Limestone and Ash Storage Silos and Lime Preparation Equipment, Part of the System to Inject Limestone Sorbent for SO, Control. Nucla, CO Nucla...continued Before being repowered, the plant consisted of three 12 MWe coal stoker- fired units built in 1959, which were taken out of service in 1984 due to low efficiency and high fuel cost. Antici- pating a need for additional power in the early 1990s. and after review of many power generation alternatives, CUEA started constmction of the re- powered Nucla CFB plant in Novem- ber 1984 and completed the project in May 1987. The original boilers were replaced with a new Fympower Corp. CFB bailer, a new high pressure 74 MWe steam turbine generator was installed, the three original 12 MWe steam turbines were

55

Precipitation kinetics in ultra-high lime softening  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The second model used the crystal growth rate as an alternate measure of supersaturation. The growth rate obtained from a settling procedure correlated well with values for silica removal rates for experiments grouped by pH and recycie conditions... of precipitation processes specific applications to lime soFtening and silica removal can be addressed. Mechanisms oF silica raawal. Many of the processes studied for specific removal of silica From industrial water have relied on adsorption...

Peacock, Edward Dale

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Pulsar model of the high energy phenomenology of LS 5039  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Under the assumption that LS 5039 is a system composed by a pulsar rotating around an O6.5V star in a $\\sim 3.9$ day orbit, we present the results of a theoretical modeling of the high energy phenomenology observed by the High Energy Stereoscopy Array (H.E.S.S.). This model (including detailed account of the system geometry, Klein-Nishina inverse Compton, $\\gamma$-$\\gamma$ absorption, and cascading) is able to describe well the rich observed phenomenology found in the system at all timescales, both flux and spectrum-wise.

Agnieszka Sierpowska-Bartosik; Diego F. Torres

2007-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

57

The ultra-high lime with aluminum process for removing chloride from recirculating cooling water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, reverse osmosis, ion exchange, and electrodialysis (Matson and Harris 1979). With the exception of the high lime softening process, these technologies 3 are very expensive and have many operating problems. The unit price of water treatment... with reverse osmosis is about three times the price of lime softening (You et al. 1999). The conventional lime soda process is used in cooling water systems to minimize or eliminate scale formation by removing calcium and magnesium hardness...

Abdel-wahab, Ahmed Ibraheem Ali

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

58

N"I. L-S- Rad. Mat. DU  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

N"I. L-S- N"I. L-S- Rad. Mat. DU DU (UF4) Enr. U. Norm. U Thorium 3/4 Ti Alloy Subtotals Commercial/ (1958-1971) TOTALS EXHIBIT 3 RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL PROCESSED AT NL-ALBANY PLANT, 1958-1982: GROSS SUMMARY OF INFORMATION FROM NUCLEAR MATERIAL TRANSACTION REPORTS (DOE/NRC Form 741 and Predecessor Forms) Material Net Weight (Pounds) DOE-Owned Canadian Supplied L/ Gov.-owned 5,660,914.3 0 2,469,268.2 100,686.l 7.7 57,358.Z 336,754 38,090.4 0 1,813 0 8,328,130.2 336,761.7 .8,328,130.2 336,761.7 2,603,763 11,268,654.9 77% Commercial (1971-1982) 1,300,339 235,636 0 0 0 1,535,975 Total 6,961,252.3 2,704,904.2 100,693.8 394,112.z 38,090.4 1,813 10,200,866.9 Gov. as % Of Total 21 81% 91 100 100 100 1,067,788 1,067,788 Z L/ Includes DOE, AEC, and ERDA. 2.1

59

The Fates of Vanadium and Sulfur Introduced with Petcoke to Lime Kilns.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Petroleum coke (petcoke) has been burned at kraft pulp mills to partially substitute for natural gas and fuel oil used in lime kilns. Due to (more)

Fan, Xiaofei

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

E-Print Network 3.0 - agricultural liming techniques Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

SUM2002157 Modelling of Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn uptake, by Summary: liming and sludge application strategies at a dedicated sewage sludge disposal site. Predictions of metal......

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li lime ls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

LENGTH OF BEAMLINES AND WIDTH OF THE LS-37  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

LENGTH OF BEAMLINES AND WIDTH OF THE LENGTH OF BEAMLINES AND WIDTH OF THE LS-37 November 10, 1985 G. K. Shenoy G. S. Knapp EXPERIMENTAL HALL AT A 6-GeV SYNCHROTRON FACILITY The width of the experimental hall at a 6-GeV facility is closely related to the length of the beamlines. This note addresses this aspect in some de tail. In general, no two beamlines will have identical lengths or the placement of various optical elements. Hence fixing the beamline lengths prior to their assignment to specific experiments is difficult. In spite of this fact, a few general conclusions are made. 1. At least 25m of all the beamlines will be behind the shielding wall. Within this length many beamline components can be accommodated as shown in Fig. 1. 2. For most beamlines on bending magnets (BM), the first optical element will

62

Control of Lime Kiln Heat Balance is Key to Reduced Fuel Consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This article discusses the various heat loads in a pulp mill lime sludge kiln, pointing out which heat loads cannot be reduced and which heat loads can, and how a reduction in energy use can be achieved. In almost any existing rotary lime sludge...

Kramm, D. J.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Performance of lime-treated silty soil under long-term hydraulic conditions B. Le Runigoa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, published in "Engineering Geology 118, 1-2 (2011) 20-28" DOI : 10.1016/j.enggeo.2010.12.002 #12;2 ABSTRACT. Futhermore, it has been observed that a lime content higher than the lime modification optimum (LMO) enables to a decrease of the soil plasticity (Eades and Grim 1966; Rogers and Glendinning 1996). Besides, the addition

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

64

The effects of lime and amines on the aging of asphalts and recycling agents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

amounts of quick lime (CaO) and hydrated lime (Ca(OH),) on SHRP AAA-I and SHRP AAF-1. The second experiment was to determine the effects of three different amines and various amounts of CaO on aged SHRP AAA-I and SHRP AAF-I rejuvenated with ABM-F2, YBF-F2...

Wisneski, Mary Luvola

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

65

Naam: mw. prof. dr. L.S. de Vries Leeropdracht Neonatale neurologie (bijzondere leerstoel vanwege de Vereniging van Ouders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ultrasound: a reappraisal. Lancet 1985; ii:137-140. de Vries LS, van Haastert IC, Rademaker KJ, Koopman C

Utrecht, Universiteit

66

HYBRID UNDULATORS AND WIGGLERS LS-18 S.H. Kim  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

HYBRID UNDULATORS AND WIGGLERS HYBRID UNDULATORS AND WIGGLERS LS-18 S.H. Kim March 22, 1985 FOR. THE ALADDIN SYNCHROTRON LIGHT SOURCE In this note, design parameters of two hybrid undulators and one hybrid wiggler are considered with a minimum gap of 1.25 cm. The length of the insertion devices considered here is 3.5 m. The magnetic field along the axis of the hybrid devices of samarium-cobalt permanent magnets and vanadium per- mendur pole tips is expressed as: -f- (5.47 - 1.80 g/A u ) B 3.3 x 0.90 e u where Au and g are the undulator period and gap, and a filling or assembly factor of 90% is assumed. Figure 1 shows the deflection parameter K vs gap for three insertion devices (see the names). The parameters used in this note are marked as " 1 circles in Fig. * In Figs. 2 and 3, the first few harmonics of the spectral brilliance of

67

MEAN TEMPERATURE RISE IN A TARGET Keith Symon LS-99  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

KS (7 -24-87) KS (7 -24-87) MEAN TEMPERATURE RISE IN A TARGET Keith Symon LS-99 July 1987 The equation which determines the equilibrium temperature distribution in a cylindrically symmetrical target, if we deposit an average power J(r) inside radius r, is ) = dT J(r -2'ITrtK Or' where K is the thermal conductivity and t is the length of the target. The temperature is then T = T - 1 J J(r)dr o 2'ITKt 0 r If we deposit power uniformly in a cylinder of radius a, then where J o is the total T J 0 r2 I a 2 , r .;; a , J (r) = J o r ) a, power del i vered. The temperature is J r2 T - 0 0 2 , r .;; a, 4'ITda = T - J o (1 + 2 tn ria), r ) a. 0 4'ITKt then If the target boundary at r = b is held at a temperature Tb' then the temperature rise at the center is (1) (2 ) (3)

68

The accretion regime of LS 5039: 3-D SPH simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LS 5039 is a TeV gamma-ray binary with extended radio emission. It consists of a compact object in the mildly eccentric (e=0.35), 3.9-day orbit around a massive O star. The nature of the compact object is not yet established. In this paper, assuming that the compact object is a black hole, we study the accretion of O-star wind by the black hole, by performing three-dimensional Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) simulations. In order to roughly emulate the effect of the stellar radiation effectively canceling the stellar gravity, we assume that the O star's gravity does not exert on the wind. The wind particles are ejected with half the observed terminal velocity in a narrow range of azimuthal and vertical angles toward the black hole, in order to emulate the wind significantly slower than the terminal speed, and optimize the resolution and computational efficiency of simulations. We find that the mass-accretion rate closely follows the classical Bondi-Hoyle-Littleton accretion rate, which is of the order of 10^{16}g/s around periastron. The accretion rate at this level would provide jets enough power to produce the gamma-rays detected by HESS. Since the accretion peak occurs near the periastron passage, we need a strong gamma-ray absorption around periastron in order for the microquasar scenario to be consistent with the observed orbital modulation of the TeV gamma-ray flux.

A. T. Okazaki; G. E. Romero; S. P. Owocki

2008-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

69

Coal fly ashcarbide lime bricks: An environment friendly building product  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Coal fly ash and carbide lime are industrial by-products of coal combustion in thermal power plants and of manufacture of acetylene gas, respectively, available in profusion in southern Brazil. Research has been carried out to search for possible use of such materials to produce environmental friendly bricks that have high compressive strength. This study aims to evaluate strength controlling parameters of coal fly ashcarbide lime mixtures, as well as to show that porosity/carbide lime (?/Lv) ratio (corresponding to porosity divided by the volumetric carbide lime content) can be used to predict compressive strength (qu). The controlling parameters evaluated here are carbide lime content, porosity, curing temperature, curing time and porosity/carbide lime ratio. A number of unconfined compression tests were carried out. The results show that a power function adapts better the relation qu versus ?/Lv, in which Lv is adjusted by an exponent (in this case 0.11) for all coal fly ashcarbide lime mixtures studied. Equations that control the compressive strength for each curing period and curing temperature examined can be formulated using this unique ratio. Preferred strategies for varying ranges of qu are also proposed based on the energy required for heating, considering distinct curing periods and temperatures.

Nilo Cesar Consoli; Ceclia Gravina da Rocha; Rodrigo Beck Saldanha

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

In What Form is Lime Present in Portland Cement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to obtain Si02.33a0, In his conclusions Hebuffat does not consider it of importance whether alit consists of pure Si02.3CaO or a crystalline compound of Si02.2CaO with 3a0 and an aluminate. He says the aluminate in Portland dement can not be Al 203.30a..., Erd- meyer, Nev/berry's, Zulkowski, Rebuff at, Meyers, Richardson, Michaelis and Meade d. Work of the Carbegie Institute of Washington on CaO #Si0 2 series and binary compounds of Al 23> Si0 2, MgO, CaO. On the presence of free lime in cement...

Wright, Claude W.

1910-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Low Velocity Sphere Impact of a Soda Lime Silicate Glass  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes TARDEC-sponsored work at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) during the FY11 involving low velocity (< 30 m/s or < 65 mph) ball impact testing of Starphire soda lime silicate glass. The intent was to better understand low velocity impact response in the Starphire for sphere densities that bracketed that of rock. Five sphere materials were used: borosilicate glass, soda-lime silicate glass, steel, silicon nitride, and alumina. A gas gun was fabricated to produce controlled velocity delivery of the spheres against Starphire tile targets. Minimum impact velocities to initiate fracture in the Starphire were measured and interpreted in context to the kinetic energy of impact and the elastic property mismatch between the any of the five sphere-Starphire-target combinations. The primary observations from this low velocity (< 30 m/s or < 65 mph) testing were: (1) Frictional effects contribute to fracture initiation. (2) Spheres with a lower elastic modulus require less force to initiate fracture in the Starphire than spheres with a higher elastic modulus. (3) Contact-induced fracture did not initiate in the Starphire SLS for impact kinetic energies < 150 mJ. Fracture sometimes initiated or kinetic energies between {approx} 150-1100 mJ; however, it tended to occur when lower elastic modulus spheres were impacting it. Contact-induced fracture would always occur for impact energies > 1100 mJ. (4) The force necessary to initiate contact-induced fracture is higher under dynamic or impact conditions than it is under quasi-static indentation conditions. (5) Among the five used sphere materials, silicon nitride was the closest match to 'rock' in terms of both density and (probably) elastic modulus.

Wereszczak, Andrew A [ORNL; Fox, Ethan E [ORNL; Morrissey, Timothy G [ORNL; Vuono, Daniel J [ORNL

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Anion Sequestering by the Formation of Anionic Clays:? Lime Treatment of Fly Ash Slurries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Given a source of calcium from the dissolution of hydrated lime; magnesium and carbonate from dolomite dissolution; and alumina from lime-induced leach ing of fly ash particlesboth minerals are probable products of the dolomite/lime-added runs. ... Clearly, precipitation of secondary aluminosilica mineral phases is the highlight of the reaction of lime with fly ash. ... Two important ones are pyroaurite, Mg6Fe2CO3(OH)164H2O, formed in kimberlites and as an alteration product of mafic rocks (15) and green rust, Fe6Fe2(SO4,CO3)(OH)164H2O), formed in soil weathering, in iron corrosion, and in the alteration of sulfidic mine tailings (16, 17). ...

E. J. Reardon; S. Della Valle

1997-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

73

Validation of the new mixture design and testing protocol for lime stabilization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and testing protocol is presented for lime stabilized subgrades. Comparison of field test data and laboratory test data shows that laboratory design test properties were achieved in the field. These properties are used in a mechanistic analysis to assess...

Yusuf, Fateh Ul Anam Muhammad Shafee

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Evaluation of lime-fly ash stabilized bases and subgrades using static and dynamic deflection systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EVALUATION OF LIME-FLY ASH STABILIZED BASFS AND SUBGRADES USING STATIC AND DYNAMIC DEFLECTION SYSTEMS A Thesis GARY W. RABA Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AIIM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1982 Major Subject: Civil Engineering EVALUATION OF LIME-FLY ASH STABILIZED BASES AND SUBGRADES USING STATIC AND DYNAMIC DEFLECTION SYSTEMS A Thesis by Gary Nl. Raba Approved as to style and content by: !Chairman...

Raba, Gary W.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

An introduction to LIME 1.0 and its use in coupling codes for multiphysics simulations.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

LIME is a small software package for creating multiphysics simulation codes. The name was formed as an acronym denoting 'Lightweight Integrating Multiphysics Environment for coupling codes.' LIME is intended to be especially useful when separate computer codes (which may be written in any standard computer language) already exist to solve different parts of a multiphysics problem. LIME provides the key high-level software (written in C++), a well defined approach (with example templates), and interface requirements to enable the assembly of multiple physics codes into a single coupled-multiphysics simulation code. In this report we introduce important software design characteristics of LIME, describe key components of a typical multiphysics application that might be created using LIME, and provide basic examples of its use - including the customized software that must be written by a user. We also describe the types of modifications that may be needed to individual physics codes in order for them to be incorporated into a LIME-based multiphysics application.

Belcourt, Noel; Pawlowski, Roger Patrick; Schmidt, Rodney Cannon; Hooper, Russell Warren

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Dan Li: Curriculum Vitae  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aug 27, 2014 ... Curriculum Vitae. Dan Li. Contact Information. Department of Mathematics,. Purdue University. 150 N. University Street,. West Lafayette, IN...

Dan Li

2014-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

77

Li-Z  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Surface and Top-of-the-Atmosphere from Modeling and Observations Z. Li and A. Trishchenko Canada Centre for Remote Sensing Ottawa, Ontario, Canada M. Cribb Intermap Technologies...

78

Thermal and structural properties of a hemplime biocomposite  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The need to reduce greenhouse gases emission produced by the building sector leads to the research of renewable and less impacting materials that can replace traditional ones. This subject has encouraged new researches on biocomposite concretes with the aim to exploit renewable resources like vegetal fibres intended as materials whose production processes are generally characterized by low costs and energy demand. This biocomposite is obviously much lighter than concrete and, therefore, can be suitably used in such cases where a structure cannot be overloaded, for instance in the realization of a green covering on top of a preexistent building. In this work, a first analysis of the thermal and structural behaviour of a biocomposite concrete, constituted by a mineral matrix (lime) with the addition of vegetal fibres (hemp), has been carried out, with particular attention to the amount of fibres and its granulometry in the mixture. The drying process contemplate a permanence of the material in a thermostatic chamber. The analysis carried out shows that hemp can be used both for the realization of insulation panel (hemp fibres alone) and as a construction material (hemp bast and concrete mix). This biocomposite has shown good insulation properties and some mechanical resistance. However, the results show that further analyses should be carried out on the drying process of the material, as it can greatly influences thermal and mechanical properties.

S. Benfratello; C. Capitano; G. Peri; G. Rizzo; G. Scaccianoce; G. Sorrentino

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Thermal Stability of LiPF6 Salt and Li-ion Battery Electrolytes Containing LiPF6  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thermal Stability of LiPF 6 Salt and Li-ion Batterythermal stability of the neat LiPF 6 salt and of 1 molal solutions of LiPF 6 in prototypical Li-ion battery

Yang, Hui; Zhuang, Guorong V.; Ross Jr., Philip N.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Thermal Stability of LiPF6 Salt and Li-ion Battery Electrolytes Containing LiPF6  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of LiPF 6 Salt and Li-ion Battery Electrolytes ContainingLiPF 6 in prototypical Li-ion battery solvents was studied6 and the prototypical Li- ion battery solvents EC, PC, DMC

Yang, Hui; Zhuang, Guorong V.; Ross Jr., Philip N.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li lime ls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

6Li Cross Section  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

6Li(p, X) (Current as of 05152012) NSR Reaction Ep (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 2004TU02 6Li(p, ): coincidence yields, deduced S-factors low 1, S-factors from...

82

Distribution of arsenic and mercury in lime spray dryer ash  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The partitioning of As and Hg in various components of lime spray dryer (LSD) ash samples from a coal-fired boiler was characterized to better understand the form and fate of these elements in flue gas desulfurization byproducts. LSD ash samples, collected from the McCracken Power Plant on the Ohio State University campus, were separated by a 140-mesh (106 {mu}m) sieve into two fractions: a fly-ash-/unburned-carbon-enriched fraction (> 106 {mu}m) and a calcium-enriched fraction (< 106 {mu}m). Unburned carbon and fly ash in the material > 106 {mu}m were subsequently separated by density using a lithium heteropolytungstate solution. The concentrations of As and Hg were significant in all fractions. The level of As was consistently greater in the calcium-enriched fraction, while Hg was evenly distributed in all components of LSD ash. Specific surface area was an important factor controlling the distribution of Hg in the different components of LSD ash, but not for As. Comparing the LSD ash data to samples collected from the economizer suggests that As was effectively captured by fly ash at 600{sup o}C, while Hg was not. Leaching tests demonstrated that As and Hg were more stable in the calcium-enriched fraction than in the fly-ash- or carbon-enriched fractions, potentially because of the greater pH of the leachate and subsequently greater stability of small amounts of calcium solids containing trace elements in these fractions. 37 refs., 8 figs., 2 tabs.

Panuwat Taerakul; Ping Sun; Danold W. Golightly; Harold W. Walker; Linda K. Weavers [Ohio State University, Columbus, OH (United States). Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Geodetic Science

2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

83

A reclamation approach for mined prime farmland by adding organic wastes and lime to the subsoil  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Surface mined prime farmland may be reclaimed by adding organic wastes and lime to subsoil thus improving conditions in root zone. In this study, sewage sludge, poultry manure, horse bedding, and lime were applied to subsoil (15-30 cm) during reclamation. Soil properties and plant growth were measured over two years. All organic amendments tended to lower the subsoil bulk density and increase organic matter and total nitrogen. Liming raised exchangeable calcium, slightly increased pH, but decreased exchangeable magnesium and potassium. Corn ear-leaf and forage tissue nitrogen, yields, and nitrogen removal increased in treatments amended with sewage sludge and poultry manure, but not horse bedding. Subsoil application of sewage sludge or poultry manure seems like a promising method in the reclamation of surface mined prime farmland based on the improvements observed in the root zone environment.

Zhai, Qiang; Barnhisel, R.I. [Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

84

Modeling and Characterization of Dynamic Failure of Soda-lime Glass Under High Speed Impact  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, the impact-induced dynamic failure of a soda-lime glass block is studied using an integrated experimental/analytical approach. The Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar (SHPB) technique is used to conduct dynamic failure test of soda-lime glass first. The damage growth patterns and stress histories are reported for various glass specimen designs. Making use of a continuum damage mechanics (CDM)-based constitutive model, the initial failure and subsequent stiffness reduction of glass are simulated and investigated. Explicit finite element analyses are used to simulate the glass specimen impact event. A maximum shear stress-based damage evolution law is used in describing the glass damage process under combined compression/shear loading. The impact test results are used to quantify the critical shear stress for the soda-lime glass under examination.

Liu, Wenning N.; Sun, Xin; Chen, Weinong W.; Templeton, Douglas W.

2012-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

85

7Li Cross Section  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

, X) (Current as of 05142012) NSR Reaction E (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 2004GY02 7Li(, ): deduced absolute resonance strengths 810 - 820 keV X4 02...

86

7Li Cross Section  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

p, X) (Current as of 05152012) NSR Reaction Ep (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 1997GO13 7Li(pol. p, ): total , S-factor for capture to third-excited state 0 -...

87

6Li Cross Section  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

, X) (Current as of 01212015) NSR Reaction E (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 1985NE05 6Li(, ): thick target yield resonance X4 02152012 1966FO05...

88

Evaluation of methods of mixing lime in bituminous paving mixtures in batch and drum plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

added directly to the asphalt cement wi 11, of course, significantly increase the effective viscosity of the resulting binder. When lime is added at a rate of 1. 5 percent by weight of total aggregate, it is equivalent to about 30 percent by weight... of asphalt cement. Figure 5 shows the effect of this increase in binder viscosity which caused a corresponding increase in air void content of Mixture LA (dry lime in asphalt cement). That is, when holding constant the compactive effort, compaction...

Button, Joseph Wade

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Landmarks in OpenLS --A Data Structure for Cognitive Ergonomic Route Directions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Landmarks in OpenLS -- A Data Structure for Cognitive Ergonomic Route Directions Stefan Hansen1 ergonomic route directions in this article. They try to reduce the cognitive load for the travelers ergonomic route directions. In M. Raubal, H. Miller, A. U. Frank, & M. F. Goodchild (Eds.), GIScience

Bremen, Universität

90

Phosphorus limitation in the Mississippi River Plume (MRP) and Louisiana shelf (LS) during May 1992  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the dissolved N/P are, nevertheless, the most frequently cited evidence for N-limitation in the MRP and LS region. Large rivers can significantly affect to biological processes in the coastal zone and some polluted rivers now carry dissolved phosphorus loads...

Kim, Jin-Seok

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Faculty Travel Grant Program Terms Revised: LS 11-06-12 Page 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Faculty Travel Grant Program Terms Revised: LS 11-06-12 Page 1 Office of Research Services Phone: (250) 807 9412 UBC Okanagan Campus Internal Grants Program Terms FACULTY TRAVEL GRANT Value: Up to $1 the deadline will be moved to 4 pm of the first working day that follows. Faculty Travel Grant Details Purpose

Michelson, David G.

92

Internal Research Grant Checklist Student Revised: LS 03-20-14  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Internal Research Grant ­ Checklist ­ Student Revised: LS 03-20-14 Office of Research Services Phone: 250 807 9412 InternalResearchGrant STUDENTCHECKLIST (to accompany your grant application) This application is a: Graduate Student Travel Grant Undergraduate Student Travel Grant Undergraduate Student

Michelson, David G.

93

The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database L.S. Rothman a,n  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database L.S. Rothman a,n , I.E. Gordon a , Y. Babikov b , A i n f o Article history: Received 6 April 2013 Received in revised form 2 July 2013 Accepted 4 July 2013 Available online 12 July 2013 Keywords: HITRAN Spectroscopic database a b s t r a c t This paper

Le Roy, Robert J.

94

Louis Stokes Colorado Alliance for Minority Participation (LS CO-AMP)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Louis Stokes Colorado Alliance for Minority Participation (LS CO-AMP) Funded by The National Fort Collins, CO 80523-1301 Fort Collins, CO 80523-1301 #12;Louis Stokes Colorado Alliance for Minority semester 2006) Student's Signature Date Please submit to: Omnia El-Hakim, The Colorado PEAKS Alliance

Mountziaris, T. J.

95

Structural Characterization of Li  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pristine Li{sub 1-z-x}Ni{sub 1+z}O{sub 2} (z=0.02, 0.07, and 0.25) and deintercalated Li{sub x}Ni{sub 1.02}O{sub 2} (x=0.82 and 0.63) phases were characterized by neutron diffraction. In all cases, the amount of nickel in the lithium sites was found to be identical to that deduced from X-ray diffraction experiments. The sensitivity of the neutron studies allowed us to show that no lithium ions are in the NiO{sub 2} slabs for z=0.02 and 0.07. A Li/Ni mixing appears only for the most lithium-deficient phase leading to the [Li{sub 0.73}Ni{sub 0.27}]{sub 3b}[Ni{sub 0.98}Li{sub 0.02}]{sub 3a}O{sub 2} cationic distribution for the Li{sub 0.75}Ni{sub 1.25}O{sub 2} phase. Determination of the anisotropic atomic displacement parameters confirms the results previously obtained from EXAFS data. The structural characterization of partially deintercalated phases was in good agreement with the XRD analysis. However, in the case of Li{sub 0.63}Ni{sub 1.02}O{sub 2}, it gave evidence for the presence of a small amount of rhombohedral phase due to fluctuations in the composition of the starting material.

Pouillerie, C.; Suard, E.; Delmas, C.

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Metallic State in a Lime?Alumina Compound with Nanoporous Structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Metallic State in a Lime?Alumina Compound with Nanoporous Structure ... Six Ca ions (green spheres) form a part of the cage wall and two Ca ions coordinate to a free oxygen ion or to an empty cage center. ... Mineral., Monatsh. ...

Sung Wng Kim; Satoru Matsuishi; Takatoshi Nomura; Yoshiki Kubota; Masaki Takata; Katsuro Hayashi; Toshio Kamiya; Masahiro Hirano; Hideo Hosono

2007-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

97

Predicting Classes in Need of Refactoring: An Application of Static Metrics Liming Zhao Jane Huffman Hayes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. In general, the following process is followed by a software team performing refactoring: Identify code1 Predicting Classes in Need of Refactoring: An Application of Static Metrics Liming Zhao Jane to predicting refactoring candidates. Using a selected set of static metrics and a weighted ranking method

Hayes, Jane E.

98

Energy Efficient Microwave Hybrid Processing of Lime for Cement, Steel, and Glass Industries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this study, the microwave materials interactions were studied through dielectric property measurements, process modeling, and lab scale microwave hybrid calcination tests. Characterization and analysis were performed to evaluate material reactions and energy usage. Processing parameters for laboratory scale and larger scale calcining experiments were developed for MAT limestone calcination. Early stage equipment design concepts were developed, with a focus on microwave post heating treatment. The retrofitting of existing rotary calcine equipment in the lime industry was assessed and found to be feasible. Ceralink sought to address some of the major barriers to the uptake of MAT identified as the need for (1) team approach with end users, technology partners, and equipment manufacturers, (2) modeling that incorporates kiln materials and variations to the design of industrial microwave equipment. This project has furthered the commercialization effort of MAT by working closely with an industrial lime manufacturer to educate them regarding MAT, identifying equipment manufacturer to supply microwave equipment, and developing a sophisticated MAT modeling with WPI, the university partner. MAT was shown to enhance calcining through lower energy consumption and faster reaction rates compared to conventional processing. Laboratory testing concluded that a 23% reduction in energy was possible for calcining small batches (5kg). Scale-up testing indicated that the energy savings increased as a function of load size and 36% energy savings was demonstrated (22 kg). A sophisticated model was developed which combines simultaneous microwave and conventional heating. Continued development of this modeling software could be used for larger scale calcining simulations, which would be a beneficial low-cost tool for exploring equipment design prior to actual building. Based on these findings, estimates for production scale MAT calcining benefits were calculated, assuming uptake of MAT in the US lime industry. This estimate showed that 7.3 TBTU/year could be saved, with reduction of 270 MMlbs of CO2 emissions, and $29 MM/year in economic savings. Taking into account estimates for MAT implementation in the US cement industry, an additional 39 TBTU/year, 3 Blbs of CO2 and $155 MM/year could be saved. One of the main remaining barriers to commercialization of MAT for the lime and cement industries is the sheer size of production. Through this project, it was realized that a production size MAT rotary calciner was not feasible, and a different approach was adapted. The concept of a microwave post heat section located in the upper portion of the cooler was devised and appears to be a more realistic approach for MAT implementation. Commercialization of this technology will require (1) continued pilot scale calcining demonstrations, (2) involvement of lime kiln companies, and (3) involvement of an industrial microwave equipment provider. An initial design concept for a MAT post-heat treatment section was conceived as a retrofit into the cooler sections of existing lime rotary calciners with a 1.4 year payback. Retrofitting will help spur implementation of this technology, as the capital investment will be minimal for enhancing the efficiency of current rotary lime kilns. Retrofits would likely be attractive to lime manufacturers, as the purchase of a new lime kiln is on the order of a $30 million dollar investment, where as a MAT retrofit is estimated on the order of $1 million. The path for commercialization lies in partnering with existing lime kiln companies, who will be able to implement the microwave post heat sections in existing and new build kilns. A microwave equipment provider has been identified, who would make up part of the continued development and commercialization team.

Fall, Morgana L; Yakovlev, Vadim; Sahi, Catherine; Baranova, Inessa; Bowers, Johnney G; Esquenazi\t, Gibran L

2012-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

99

C LI CI  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

LI LI CI - - 11 C LI I I Mb II II OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY UPERml BY M A R T IN M A R IETTA ENERGY S Y S T E M S , INC. FOR THE UNfTEG STATES OEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ORNLITM-10007 RADIOLOGICAL SURVEY OF THE PERIMETER FENCE LINE OF THE FORMER COTTER SITE, HAZELWOOD, M ISSOURI (LM002) R. F. Carrier W . D. Cottrell FILE COPY This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the UnitedStatesGovernment. NeithertheUnitedStatesGovernment noranyagency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein

100

Mixed Salts of LiTFSI and LiBOB for Stable LiFePO4-Based Batteries...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mixed Salts of LiTFSI and LiBOB for Stable LiFePO4-Based Batteries at Elevated Temperatures. Mixed Salts of LiTFSI and LiBOB for Stable LiFePO4-Based Batteries at Elevated...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li lime ls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Yan Li | BNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Yan Li Yan Li Assistant Computational Scientist Education Ph.D., Physics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign B.S. Physics, Peking University, China Professional Affiliations American Physical Society (APS) American Chemical Society (ACS) Areas of Interest First-principles simulations of nanostructures, surface and interfaces Optical and excited state properties of materials Weak interactions in organic self-assemblies, molecular crystals and biomaterials Multilevel computational modeling of large and complex systems Experience 2011 -present, Assistant Computational Scientist, Computational Science Center, Brookhaven National Lab 2010 - 2011, Research Associate, Computational Science Center, Brookhaven National Lab 2006 - 2010, Postdoctoral Researcher, University of California,

102

L U. S. Government purposes. LS-lS2 K Symon  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Jr;. ted manuscript has been authored Jr;. ted manuscript has been authored contractor of the U. S. Government * contract No. W-31-109-ENG-38. ,dingly, the U. S. Government retains a Jexclusive, royalty·free license to publish ... ( reproduce the published form of this f contribution, or allow others to do so, for L U. S. Government purposes. LS-lS2 K Symon June 28, 1990 Analysis of a ThirduOrder Sum Resonance It is worth considering an experiment on a sum resonance. I will give an analytic treatment of a third-order sum resonance. The treatment parallels that in LS-132 for the Walkinshaw difference resonance. Although the algebra is essentially the same as for the difference resonance, the sum resonance appears to have a richer structure. 1. Analysis of the Resonance. The Hamiltonian in the neighborhood of the sum resonance

103

ESTIMATION OF TOTAL RADIATIVE POWER FROM THE 6-GEV RING LS-24  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

TOTAL RADIATIVE POWER TOTAL RADIATIVE POWER FROM THE 6-GEV RING LS-24 G. K. Shenoy APRIL 18,1985 Here we make an estimation of the total power radiated from a positron trajectory through the bending magnets, undulators and wigglers. Bending Magnets The power P B per each bending magnet in the ring is given by (1) where E = 6 GeV B = field average over the magnet length = 0.67 T I = stored current = 0.1 A L = trajectory in each dipole magnet = 2.95 m (Ref. LS-12) This gives P B = 6021 watts. Since there are 64 such dipoles in the ring, the total power radiated from dipoles is T P B (watts) = P B (watts) x 64 = 385 kwatts 2 Undulators The total power radiated from a sinosoidal undulator is either given by P u (watts) (2) or by (3) where N = number of undulator periods of length AO (em), K is the deflection

104

LS-I03 G. K Shenoy P. J. Viccaro E. E. Alp  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

LS-I03 LS-I03 G. K Shenoy P. J. Viccaro E. E. Alp January 1988 ~ .ru. . PEP ~ ~ uim DII' oncs~ I NTRODUCTI ON Various magnetic optics have been considered for PEP storage ring which can be used depending on the operational circumstances. The storage ring for example is operated around 14.5 GeV when high energy investigations are car- ried out in which the positron and electron beams collide. This is referred to as the colliding-beam optics (CBO) mode. The low-emittance optics (lEO) has been tested at 8 GeV whi cn is very useful for numerous synchrotron radi &_ tion studies. In addition, a new lattice with damping wigglers has been proposed which can provide very low emittance. This is referred to as very low emittance optics (VlEO). These lattices also provide straight sections

105

ls1 mardyn: The massively parallel molecular dynamics code for large systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The molecular dynamics simulation code ls1 mardyn is presented. It is a highly scalable code, optimized for massively parallel execution on supercomputing architectures, and currently holds the world record for the largest molecular simulation with over four trillion particles. It enables the application of pair potentials to length and time scales which were previously out of scope for molecular dynamics simulation. With an efficient dynamic load balancing scheme, it delivers high scalability even for challenging heterogeneous configurations. Presently, multi-center rigid potential models based on Lennard-Jones sites, point charges and higher-order polarities are supported. Due to its modular design, ls1 mardyn can be extended to new physical models, methods, and algorithms, allowing future users to tailor it to suit their respective needs. Possible applications include scenarios with complex geometries, e.g. for fluids at interfaces, as well as non-equilibrium molecular dynamics simulation of heat and mass transfer.

Christoph Niethammer; Stefan Becker; Martin Bernreuther; Martin Buchholz; Wolfgang Eckhardt; Alexander Heinecke; Stephan Werth; Hans-Joachim Bungartz; Colin W. Glass; Hans Hasse; Jadran Vrabec; Martin Horsch

2014-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

106

The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database L.S. Rothman a,, I.E. Gordon a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database L.S. Rothman a,?, I.E. Gordon a , A. Barbe b , D'Ae´ronomie Spatiale de Belgique, B-1180 Brussels, Belgium a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 21 December database Molecular spectroscopy Molecular absorption a b s t r a c t This paper describes the status

Chance, Kelly

107

DNA structure(s) recognized and bound by large subunit of Replication Factor C (ls RFC) in Drosophila melanogaster  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of lsRFC protein purified from the maltose affinity column with protein in the crude extract . . 22 8. DNA sequence of synthetic oligonucleotides used to determine the binding affinity of Drosophila lsRFC protein . . 24 9. Relative binding affinity.... . . . . . . . . . . 15. The cutting pattern of "D" series of DNA structures by piperidine 33 after Os04/pyridine modification 34 16. Southwestern assay comparing relative binding affinity of MBP-IsRFC purified protein to DNA structures of "Y" series and "D" series...

Gaur, Lalit Kumar

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Setting process of lime-based conservation mortars with barium hydroxide  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents the effect of barium hydroxide on the setting mechanism of lime-based conservation mortars, when used as an additive material. The study focuses on the monitoring of the setting process and the identification of the mineral phases formed, which are essential for furthering the study of the durability of barium mixtures against chemical degradation. X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and thermal analysis (DTA-TG) were used to monitor the setting processes of these mixtures and identify new phases formed. The results suggest that barium hydroxide is evenly distributed within the lime and produces a homogeneous binding material, consisting of calcite (CaCO{sub 3}), witherite (BaCO{sub 3}) and barium-calcium carbonate [BaCa(CO{sub 3}){sub 2}]. Finally, it was found that barium carbonate can be directly bonded to calcitic aggregates and therefore increases its chemical compatibility with the binding material.

Karatasios, Ioannis [Institute of Materials Science, NCSR Demokritos, Aghia Paraskevi, 153 10 Athens (Greece)]. E-mail: ikarat@ims.demokritos.gr; Kilikoglou, Vassilis [Institute of Materials Science, NCSR Demokritos, Aghia Paraskevi, 153 10 Athens (Greece); Colston, Belinda [Department of Forensic and Biomedical Sciences, University of Lincoln, Lincoln, LN6 7TS (United Kingdom); Theoulakis, Panagiotis [Department of Conservation of Antiquities and Works of Art, TEI of Athens, Athens, 122 10 (Greece); Watt, David [Hutton and Rostron Environmental Investigations Limited/Centre for Sustainable Heritage, University College London (United Kingdom)

2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

109

LS-102  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2 2 November 1987 K. Symon Preliminary Thoughts on the Aladdin Experimnts Keith Symon I suggest three sets of experiments for comparing tracking results with experimental data on the dYl1amic aperture in Aladdin, as follows. (See the tune diagram, Fig. 1.) 1. Aperture determined by a single dominant resonance. When the aperture is determined by a single dominant nonlinear resonance, it can be calculated analytically, as well as by numerical tracking. The experimental aperture should therefore agree with the predicted one, if we know what we are doing. I suggest the third integral resonance nz = 7 1/3. We should choose nx as far from other resonances as possible, say nx = 7.08. The resonance 3nz = 22 is driven by a sextupole term with a cos(22 r) dependence on azimuth,

110

LS-8  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

s. H. Kim January 101 1985 Calculation of the Undulator Radiation Spectra S.H. Kim Argonne National Laboratory The frequency spectral and angular distribution of undulator radiation has been calculated for the case of a spatially periodic sinusoidal magnetic field. The results are expressed in terms of an integral form and also in a series of Bessel functions. 1. Introduction The properties of synchrotron radiations from undulators have been 1-4 investigated by several authors * Different authors have different expressions for the frequency spectral and angular distribution of the radiation. The purpose of this report is to clarify different notations and expressions of the radiation by deriving the spectra in detail. Some notations used in this report are following:

111

LS-61  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 1 April 28, 1986 SITE EXCAVATION STUDY A. N. Lowing ARGONNE NATIONAL LABORATORY To: Y. Cho From: A. N. Lowing ~~ Subject: Site Excavation Study INTRA-LABORATORY MEMO ARGONNE NAn HIGH £NE.~:~llAaO~l\TCF?Y Apri 1 28, 1986 Y. CH6HYSICS MAY 11986 Project Manager, HEP-LSP PFS-FPE As a method of identifying a site location for the GXS based upon least- excavation vs. zero percent fill material as a criteria, four separate sites each having three separate floor elevations were investigated. The attached study data indicates that site "C" with floor elevation at 742-~, appears to be the most cost-effective site. Selection of site "C" will require relocating the utility service building from the position shown in the Conceptual Design Report, which could

112

LS-108  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

8 8 April 1988 A FRONT END DESIGN FOR THE ADVANCED PHOTON SOURCE P. J. Viccaro 1 . INTRODUCTION X-ray sources on next generation low emittance/high brilliance synchrotrons such as the 7-GeV Advanced Photon Source (APS) (1) have unique properties which directly affect the design of the front end of the beam line. The most striking of these are the large peak photon power densities expected for the insertion device (ID) x-ray sources. Undulators. for example. can have highly peaked photon power distributions with central densi ties approaching 300 kW/mrad~. Large power distributions can also be expected for some of the high critical energy wigglers. Front end components which intercept the photon beam produced by IDs must be able to absorb and safety dissipate the heat loads associated with their power distributions.

113

LS-22  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2 2 April 16, 1985 UNDULATORS ON A 6-GeV RING GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS G. K. SHENOY UNDULATORS ON A 6-GeV RING - GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS Summary It is argued that the power delivered may not be a serious limitation for the use of radiation from a conventional undulator on a 6-GeV storage ring. A conservative approach in deciding the undulator parameters is discussed. Parameters for a spectrum of undulators to cover the photon energy range from 1 to 20 keV are presented in tabular form. Introduction In designing undulators on a 6-GeV storage ring , the primary consideration will be the power that such devices will deliver. The beam line design should be capable of handling large powers that such undulators will deliver. Specifically, in a beam line in the front end we have masks (fixed and

114

LS-29  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

s. H. Kim 7/19/85 Nouideal Undulator Spect.ra The undulator spectra may have harmonic broadening due to the angular divergence and energy spread of the electron beam in the storage ~ing, varia- tion of the undulator spatial period, and nonideal magnetic field distribution between the gap of the undulator. In most cases the energy spread of the electron beam seems to be rather small. The correction of the nonuniformity of the undulator period may be easier compared to that of the magnetic field distribution in an undulator. This note calculates the undulator spectra under the following assump- tions. The electron beam has divergences in the horizontal and vertical directions with an overall Gaussian distribution of the divergence. The undulator period is constant and magnetic field distribution is sinusoidal

115

LS-115  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5 5 w. Chou and Y. Jin July 1988 IMEDANCE STUDIES - PART 4: TH APS IMEDANCE BUDGET This note will wrap up the numerical results that were obtained in our calculations of the wake potentials, the loss factors, and the impedances for a variety of structures in the APS storage ring. It consists of five sections and one appendix. Section 1 is an introduction. Section 2 summarizes the hand calculations. The computer calculations are the subject of Section 3. Section 4 discusses several tests in our numerical methods. Section 5 presents the APS impedance budget, along with some discussion. The appendix contains the figures of the structures, the longitudinal/transverse wake potentials and the real/imaginary part of the impedances of various sorts of geometries that have been included in the budget.

116

ls4  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Nov. 8, 1984 R. Martin High Brightness Lattices I had not realized until I heard Keith Symon describe the situation at Aladdin on Thursday, November 1 just how low a current limit it had. I now submit to you that there is no way an electron machine designed for 1A could be limited to 1-2 mA, especially after such a long tuneup time, by misalignments, poor diagnostics, low injection energy, nor the low injector current. The aperture couldn't be wrong by more than a factor of 2-4 since the low current lifetime due to gas scattering is the calculated value. Other machines with low injection energy get hundreds of mA. A microtron current with 1 mA output should still allow accumulation of 50-100 mA in the ring. Low injection current then isn't the problem. I found the rapid change of lifetime with current

117

LS-74  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4 Augus t 5, 1986 CORNELL UNDULATORSUMMARY OF DISCUSSIONS (August 4, 1986 meeting at Argonne National Laboratory) Gopa1 Shenoy and Jim Viccaro A. Undu1ator Design from ANL Based...

118

ls3  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the beam at this point, be + 30 10 *8 550 mm. One can, however, expect users to demand greater stability than this. Although ground motion can be as large as 1mm at some...

119

LS-76  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

No leaks were detected on any of the cooling channels tested. The next tests were for f1 at ness J bow and t wi st. For these measurements the extrusions were placed on a 12...

120

ls5  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

structure, tune parameters using TV cameras, photodiodes and other optical or optoelectronic devices. 1. Advantages: Synchrotron radiation can be directed outside the primary...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li lime ls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

LS-79  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

9 January 6, 1987 BUILDING-SOIL VIBRATION COUPLING by J. A. Jendrzejczyk, R. K. Smith Materials and Components Technology Division BUILDING-SOIL VIBRATION COUPLING by J. A....

122

Li2ikk+  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Li2ikk+ Li2ikk+ 0/-/.3~+ ' Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 m 19 1999 Mr. William R. Augustine Deputy Chief Programs Management Division U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Depanment of the Army Washington. D.C. 203 14-1000 Dear Mr. Augustine: I am writing to you as a follow-up to discussions our staffs have had regarding two former Department of the Army facilities in the Formerly Used Defense Sites (FUDS) program where the former Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) also conducted activities. These sites are the former Marion Engineer Depot and the former Scioto Ordnance Plant, both just outside of Marion, Ohio. The Department of Energy (DOE) has records relating to both of these facilities. Since there has been public concern regarding the possibility of residual radioactivity at

123

Controlled Nucleation and Growth Process of Li2S2/Li2S in Lithium...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Nucleation and Growth Process of Li2S2Li2S in Lithium-Sulfur Batteries. Controlled Nucleation and Growth Process of Li2S2Li2S in Lithium-Sulfur Batteries. Abstract:...

124

Electronic Properties of LiFePO4 and Li doped LiFePO4  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The potential use of different iron phosphates as cathodematerials in lithium-ion batteries has recently been investigated.1 Oneof the promising candidates is LiFePO4. This compound has severaladvantages in comparison to the state-of-the-art cathode material incommercial rechargeable lithium batteries. Firstly, it has a hightheoretical capacity (170 mAh/g). Secondly, it occurs as mineraltriphylite in nature and is inexpensive, thermally stable, non-toxic andnon-hygroscopic. However, its low electronic conductivity (~;10-9 S/cm)results in low power capability. There has been intense worldwideresearch activity to find methods to increase the electronic conductivityof LiFePO4, including supervalent ion doping,2 introducingnon-carbonaceous network conduction3 and carbon coating, and theoptimization of the carbon coating on LiFePO4 particle surfaces.4Recently, the Li doped LiFePO4 (Li1+xFe1-xPO4) synthesized at ARL hasyield electronic conductivity increase up to 106.5 We studied electronicstructure of LiFePO4 and Li doped LiFePO4 by synchrotron based soft X-rayemission (XES) and X-ray absorption (XAS) spectroscopies. XAS probes theunoccupied partial density of states, while XES the occupied partialdensity of states. By combining XAS and XES measurements, we obtainedinformation on band gap and orbital character of both LiFePO4 and Lidoped LiFePO4. The occupied and unoccupied oxygen partial density ofstates (DOS) of LiFePO4 and 5 percent Li doped LiFePO4 are presented inFig. 1. Our experimental results clearly indicate that LiFePO4 has wideband gap (~; 4 eV). This value is much larger than what is predicted byDFT calculation. For 5 percent Li doped LiFePO4, a new doping state wascreated closer to the Fermi level, imparting p-type conductivity,consistent with thermopower measurement. Such observation substantiatesthe suggestion that high electronic conductivity in Li1.05Fe0.95 PO4 isdue to available number of charge carriers in the material. Furthermore,Hall effect measurement on Li doped sample confirmed presence of freecharge carriers, which are responsible for the observed electronicconductivity increase in Li doped LiFePO4. There is no evidence that Fe3+valence is created by doping with excessive Li+ in Li1.05Fe0.95PO4, asshown by Fe-edge XAS. (Fig.2) Instead, charge-carrier holes resideprimarily in unoccupied O 2p states, which compensate for the chargedeficiency from Li+ substitution for Fe2+. The increased conductivity inLi1.05Fe0.95PO4 is attributed to the new charge carriers (doped holes)and the strong electron correlation between O 2p and Fe 3dstates.

Zhuang, G.V.; Allen, J.L.; Ross, P.N.; Guo, J.-H.; Jow, T.R.

2005-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

125

Graphene/Li-ion battery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Density function theory calculations were carried out to clarify storage states of Lithium (Li) ions in graphene clusters. The adsorption energy spin polarization charge distribution electronic gap surface curvature and dipole momentum were calculated for each cluster. Li-ion adsorbed graphene doped by one Li atom is spin polarized so there would be different gaps for different spin polarization in electrons. Calculation results demonstrated that a smaller cluster between each two larger clusters is preferable because it could improve grapheneLi-ion batteries; consequently the most proper graphene anode structure has been proposed.

Narjes Kheirabadi; Azizollah Shafiekhani

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

li(2)-98.pdf  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Analysis of ARESE Measurements Regarding Cloud Absorption Z. Li and A. Trishchenko Canada Centre for Remote Sensing Ottawa, Ontario, Canada H. W. Barker Atmospheric...

127

Low Temperature Milling of the LiNH2 + LiH Hydrogen Storage System...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Milling of the LiNH2 + LiH Hydrogen Storage System. Low Temperature Milling of the LiNH2 + LiH Hydrogen Storage System. Abstract: Ball milling of the LiNH2 + LiH storage system was...

128

Nanoscale LiFePO4 and Li4Ti5O12 for High Rate Li-ion Batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

12 for High Rate Li-ion Batteries A. Jaiswal 1 , C. R. Hornenext generation of Li-ion batteries for consumer electronics

Jaiswal, A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Electronic Properties of LiFePO4 and Li doped LiFePO4  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

LiFePO{sub 4} has several potential advantages in comparison to the transition metal oxide cathode materials used in commercial lithium-ion batteries. However, its low intrinsic electronic conductivity ({approx} 10{sup -9} S/cm) is problematic. We report here a study by soft x-ray absorption/emission spectroscopy of the electronic properties of undoped LiFePO{sub 4} and Li-doped LiFePO{sub 4} in which Li{sup +} ions are substituted for Fe{sup 2+} ions in an attempt to increase the intrinsic electronic conductivity. The conductivities of the Li{sub 1+x}Fe{sub 1-x}PO{sub 4} samples were, however, essentially unchanged from that of the undoped LiFePO{sub 4}. Nonetheless, evidence for changing the electronic properties of LiFePO{sub 4} by doping with excess Li+ was observed by the XAS/XES spectroscopy. New pre-edge features the O-1s XAS spectrum of Li{sub 1.05}Fe{sub 0.95}PO4 is a direct indication that the charge compensation for substitution of Fe{sup 2+} by Li{sup +} resides in the unoccupied O-2p orbitals. A charge transfer (CT) excitation was also observed in the doped material implying that the unoccupied O-2p orbitals created by doping are strongly hybridized with unoccupied Fe-3d orbitals of neighboring sites. However, the strong covalent bonding within the (PO{sub 4}){sup 3-} anions and the large separation of the Fe cations means that the charge created by doping is not delocalized in the manner of electrons or holes in a semiconductor.

Allen, J.L.; Zhuang, G.V.; Ross, P.N.; Guo, J.-H.; Jow, T.R.

2006-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

130

A study of the rate of gain of strength in lime stabilized soil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

0 37 ~ o ~ 4'7 APPEEDIX C. Electron Nicrographs . . . . . . . . . . . 75 LIST OF TABLES Table Page i. Cation-Exchange Capacity of Clay Minerals 15 2. Results of pH Test on Lime Treate Clay a o o o o o 3. X-Ray Diffraction Data 4.... Fractionation of Clay Soil. 5. Exchangeable Catians of College S t at i on Clay . 6. Electron Micrographs. 7. Comparison of Atterberg Limits. 22 38 8. Compaction Data . 9. Sample Calculations for Method of 10. Triaxial Compression T'est Results 11o...

Nichols, Sterling Ramsdell, Jr

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

131

UJ LiJ  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

- - o >- tD o UJ :> LiJ o W ~ Central Nevada-23 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GEOLOGICAL SURVEY Federal Center, Denver, Colorado 80225 ANALYSIS OF HYDRAULIC TESTS IN HOT CREEK VALLEY, NEVADA June 1970 Open-file report Prepared Under Contract AT(29-2)-474 for the Nevada Operations Office U.S. Atomic Energy Commission USGS-474-82 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency Thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately

132

Identity of Passive Film Formed on Aluminum in Li-ion Battery Electrolytes with LiPF6  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Film on Aluminum in Li-ion Battery Electrolytes with LiPFFormed on Aluminum in Li-ion Battery Electrolytes with LiPFbattery charging. From the prospective of maintaining a functioning cathode in Li-ion

Zhang, Xueyuan; Devine, T.M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

6 GeV LIGHT SOURCE PROJECT COST ESTIMATING PROCEDURE LS-34  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

GeV LIGHT SOURCE PROJECT GeV LIGHT SOURCE PROJECT COST ESTIMATING PROCEDURE LS-34 October 23, 1985 YC/AVR To maintain uniformity in estimating the cost requirements of the various components of the 6 GeV Light Source, the following procedure will be used by all the task groups. The procedure uses a Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) to break down the project into manageable, easy to estimate, components. The project is first broken down into major tasks or categories. Then each major division is continuously subdivided until the desired level of detail is achieved. This can be shown best by using the example of the WBS of the Aladdin Upgrade Project, excerpts of which are included in Appendix A. As shown in the example, the project is first divided into: 1.1 Project Management and Administration

134

VIBRATIONS OF THE MAGNET-PEDESTAL SYSTEM LS-77 W. Chou  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

VIBRATIONS OF THE MAGNET-PEDESTAL SYSTEM VIBRATIONS OF THE MAGNET-PEDESTAL SYSTEM LS-77 W. Chou January, 1987 This note provides an analysis of the vibrations of the magnet- pedestal system of the Argonne Advanced Photon Source. It consists of two parts and an appendix. Part I is a discussion ~f how to calculate the normal modes of the system. In Part II, the normal mode method is employed to study the response of the system to various kinds of excitations, in particular, to the ground motion. Some technical information is included in the appendix to make this note self-consistent. The dipole system is chosen to be an example to carryon explicit calculations and the main numerical results are summarized in Tables 1 and 2 and Figures 2 and 4. 2 Part I Normal Modes of the Magnet-Pedestal System

135

LS-4~ GROUND VIBRATION MEASUREMENTS NEAR THE SITE OF THE PROPOSED  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

~ ~ GROUND VIBRATION MEASUREMENTS NEAR THE SITE OF THE PROPOSED ANL LIGHT SYNCHROTRON RADIATION FACILITY by D.L. McCown and R. Bowen Geoscience and Engineering Energy and Environmental Systems Division January 23, 1986 SUMMARY LS-4'l D. L. McCown/R. Bowen January 23, 1986 GROmm VIBRATION MEASUREMENTS REAR. 'l'IIE SITE OF 'l'IIE PROPOSED ANL LIGHT SYNCHROTRON RADIATION FACILITY Ground surface vibration measurements were conducted near the site of the proposed Light Source Radiation Facility in December, 1985 and early January, 1986 during "busy" and "quiet" periods of site activity. The preliminary analysis of the measurements indicates that ground vibrations (in the vertical) observed at the site are usually at frequencies below 800 Hz.

136

Final test results for the Schott HCE on a LS-2 collector.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sandia National Laboratories has completed thermal performance testing on the Schott parabolic trough receiver using the LS-2 collector on the Sandia rotating platform at the National Solar Thermal Test Facility in Albuquerque, NM. This testing was funded as part of the US DOE Sun-Lab USA-Trough program. The receiver tested was a new Schott receiver, known as Heat Collector Elements (HCEs). Schott is a new manufacturer of trough HCEs. The Schott HCEs are 4m long; therefore, two were joined and mounted on the LS-2 collector module for the test. The Schott HCE design consists of a 70mm diameter high solar absorptance coated stainless steel (SS) tube encapsulated within a 125mm diameter Pyrex{reg_sign} glass tube with vacuum in the annulus formed between the SS and glass tube to minimize convection heat losses. The Schott HCE design is unique in two regards. First, the bellows used to compensate for the difference in thermal expansion between the metal and glass tube are inside the glass envelope rather than outside. Second, the composition of materials at the glass-to-metal seal has very similar thermal expansion coefficients making the joint less prone to breakage from thermal shock. Sandia National Laboratories provided both the azimuth and elevation collector module tracking systems used during the tests. The test results showed the efficiency of the Schott HCE to be very similar to current HCEs being manufactured by Solel. This testing provided performance verification for the use of Schott tubes with Solargenix trough collector assemblies at currently planned trough power plant projects in Arizona and Nevada.

Moss, Timothy A.; Brosseau, Douglas A.

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

CURRICULUM VITAE Dr. Jing Li  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 CURRICULUM VITAE Dr. Jing Li Industrial Engineering, Computer Engineering School of Computing Outstanding Junior Faculty Award, School of Computing, Informatics and Decision Systems Engineering, ASU, 2013 Grant, "A Computational Infrastructure to Support Evidence- based Proton Beam Treatment Planning," 2013

Li, Jing

138

An investigation of the use of lime as a soil additive to modify the detrimental effects of frost action  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

chosen from those availabls in the Soil Mechanics Laboratory of A and M College of Texas. A local silty brown CL clay and a sandy gray' CH olay from Corpus Christi were chosen because past experience indicated them to bs bsnefitted by lime...

Earnest, Clyde Talley

1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Sulfur-Emission-Free Process of Molybdenum Carbide Synthesis by Lime-Enhanced Molybdenum Disulfide Reduction with Methane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sulfur-Emission-Free Process of Molybdenum Carbide Synthesis by Lime-Enhanced Molybdenum Disulfide Reduction with Methane ... Molybdenite (MoS2) concentrate is the major mineral for molybdenum extraction. ... This understanding is critical for practical application of this reaction to produce Mo2C in an economic and green process. ...

Samad Ghasemi; Mohammad Hasan Abbasi; Ali Saidi; Jae Yul Kim; Jae Sung Lee

2011-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

140

Partially Sulfated Lime-Fly Ash Sorbents Activated by Water or Steam for SO2 Removal at a Medium Temperature  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Partially Sulfated Lime-Fly Ash Sorbents Activated by Water or Steam for SO2 Removal at a Medium Temperature ... The low utilization of calcium-based sorbent is caused by the formation of calcium sulfite or sulfate, which have larger molar volumes than CaO or Ca(OH)2. ... ignition?loss ...

Liming Shi; Xuchang Xu

2005-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li lime ls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Making Li-air batteries rechargeable: material challenges. |...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Li-air batteries rechargeable: material challenges. Making Li-air batteries rechargeable: material challenges. Abstract: A Li-air battery could potentially provide three to five...

142

Development of Li+ alumino-silicate ion source  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

yellow line) from a ?-Spodumene Li test source, operated atexceeding 1200 0 C. ?-spodumene and ? eucryptite Li sourcesdeveloping high quality ?-spodumene and ?-eucryptite Li ion

Roy, P.K.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Fabrication of Li-intercalated bilayer graphene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have succeeded in fabricating Li-intercalated bilayer graphene on silicon carbide. The low-energy electron diffraction from Li-deposited bilayer graphene shows a sharp 3 3 R 30 pattern in contrast to Li-deposited monolayer graphene. This indicates that Li atoms are intercalated between two adjacent graphene layers and take the same well-ordered superstructure as in bulk C6Li. The angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy has revealed that Li atoms are fully ionized and the ? bands of graphene are systematically folded by the superstructure of intercalated Li atoms producing a snowflake-like Fermi surface centered at the ? point. The present result suggests a high potential of Li-intercalated bilayer graphene for application to a nano-scale Li-ion battery.

K. Sugawara; K. Kanetani; T. Sato; T. Takahashi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Cement kiln flue dust as a source of lime and potassium in four East Texas soils  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the blight encountered the previous year. Forage sorghum (DeKalb SX-11) was planted 5/1/73, 4/26/74 and, 6/9/75) . Yield of corn grain, corn forage, and sorghum forage were determined for the three growing seasons. Leaf samples were also taken... by rate and source of lime, de th, and time. Treatment k /ha 0 mo. 3 mo. 8 mo. 11 mo. 17 mo. 0 to 15 cm depth 8000 flue dust 2000 5QQ II II S. 6 a s. s a 5. 6 a 6. 9 c 6. 1 ab 5. 7 a 7. 2 c 6. 5 bc 5. 9 ab 6. 5 bc 7. 0 c 6. 0 abc 6. 4 b 5. 6 a...

Poole, Warren David

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

145

Dipole and Quadrupole Magnets LS-36 S. H. Kim and R.J. Lari  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Calculations of the Booster Calculations of the Booster Dipole and Quadrupole Magnets LS-36 S. H. Kim and R.J. Lari September 30, 1985 Two dimensional magnetic fields of the booster dipole and quadrupole magnets were calculated using the computer program POISSON. The magnet parameters used for the calculation are based on L. Teng's note (8/12/85) and listed in Table 1. Dipole Gap Pole Width Coil Cross-Section Good Field Region Yoke Thickness Overall Dimension B Max NI Dipole Magnet Table 1 Booster Magnets ±2 cm ±5cm 2 3.5 x 5 cm ± 2.8 cm wide ± 2.0 cm high 5 cm 21 x 30 cm 2 7 kG 11141 A Pole Contour Pole Width Quadrupole Pole Tip Corner (x,y) Coil Cross-Section Good Field Region Overall Dimension B' max B max NI xy = 4 cm 2 4.24 em (1,4) and (4,1) 2.4 cm 2 1.4 cm radius

146

On the formation of TeV radiation in LS 5039  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The recent detections of TeV gamma-rays from compact binary systems show that relativistic outflows (jets or winds) are sites of effective acceleration of particles up to multi-TeV energies. In this paper, we discuss the conditions of acceleration and radiation of ultra-relativistic electrons in LS 5039, the gamma-ray emitting binary system for which the highest quality TeV data are available. Assuming that the gamma-ray emitter is a jet-like structure, we performed detailed numerical calculations of the energy spectrum and lightcurves accounting for the acceleration efficiency, the location of the accelerator, the speed of the emitting flow, the inclination angle of the system, as well as specific features related to anisotropic inverse Compton scattering and pair production. We conclude that the accelerator should not be deep inside the binary system unless we assume a very efficient acceleration rate. We show that within the IC scenario both the gamma-ray spectrum and flux are strongly orbital phase dependent. Formally, our model can reproduce, for specific sets of parameter values, the energy spectrum of gamma-rays reported by HESS for wide orbital phase intervals. However, the physical properties of the source can be constrained only by observations capable of providing detailed energy spectra for narrow orbital phase intervals ($\\Delta\\phi\\ll 0.1$).

Dmitry Khangulyan; Felix Aharonian; Valenti Bosch-Ramon

2007-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

147

On the formation of TeV radiation in LS 5039  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The recent detections of TeV gamma-rays from compact binary systems show that relativistic outflows (jets or winds) are sites of effective acceleration of particles up to multi-TeV energies. In this paper, we discuss the conditions of acceleration and radiation of ultra-relativistic electrons in LS 5039, currently the binary system emitting gamma-rays with the highest quality data in the TeV range. Assuming that the gamma-ray emitter is a jet-like structure, we performed detailed numerical calculations of the energy spectrum and lightcurves accounting for the acceleration efficiency, the location of the accelerator, the speed of the emitting flow, the inclination angle of the system, as well as specific features related to anisotropic inverse Compton scattering and pair production. We conclude that the accelerator should not be deep inside the binary system unless we assume a very efficient acceleration rate. We show that within the IC scenario both the gamma-ray spectrum and flux are strongly orbital phase d...

Khangulyan, Dmitry; Bosch-Ramon, Valenti

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Tailoring Li adsorption on graphene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The technological potential of functionalized graphene has recently stimulated considerable interest in the study of the adsorption of metal atoms on graphene. However, a complete understanding of the optimal adsorption pattern of metal atoms on a graphene substrate has not been easy because of atomic relaxations at the interface and the interaction between metal atoms. We present a partial particle swarm optimization technique that allows us to efficiently search for the equilibrium geometries of metal atoms adsorbed on a substrate as a function of adatom concentration. Using Li deposition on graphene as an example we show that, contrary to previous works, Li atoms prefer to cluster, forming four-atom islands, irrespective of their concentration. We further show that an external electric field applied vertically to the graphene surface or doping with boron can prevent this clustering, leading to the homogeneous growth of Li.

Jian Zhou; Qiang Sun; Qian Wang; Puru Jena

2014-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

149

LS-266 OPTIMIZATION OF FOUR-BUTTON BEAM POSITION MONITOR CONFIGURATION FOR SMALL-GAP VACUUM CHAMBERS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

LS-266 LS-266 OPTIMIZATION OF FOUR-BUTTON BEAM POSITION MONITOR CONFIGURATION FOR SMALL-GAP VACUUM CHAMBERS S. H. Kim March 27, 1998 Summary - Induced charges on a four-button beam position monitor (BPM) system attached on a beam chamber of narrow rectangular cross sections are calculated as a 2-D electrostatic problem of image charges. The calculation shows that for a narrow chamber of width/height (2w/2h) >> 1, over 90% of the induced charges are distributed within a distance of 2h from the charged beam position in the direction of the chamber width. Therefore, a four-button system with a button diameter of (2 ~ 2.5)h and no button offset from the beam position is the most efficient configuration. The four-button BPMs used for 8-mm and 5-mm chambers in the APS have relatively low sensitivities because the button locations are outside

150

Improved Positive Electrode Materials for Li-ion Batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the assembled Li-ion battery, such as the operating1-4: Schematic of a Li-ion battery. Li + ions are shuttledprocessing of active Li-ion battery materials. Various

Conry, Thomas Edward

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Li ion migration in Li3PO4 electrolytes: Effects of O vacancies and N substitutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Li ion migration in Li3PO4 electrolytes: Effects of O vacancies and N substitutions Y. A. Dua and N structures of isolated defects associated with extrinsic Li ion vacancies and interstitials. In particular the combination of an O vacancy and a N substitution, stabilizing a Li ion vacancy. We also studied the effects

Holzwarth, Natalie

152

A=8Li (66LA04)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

SE63I). Analysis in both PWBA and DWBA is reported by (HA61F): the latter leads to nearly ten times larger 2n. The cross section for 7Li(d, p)8Li*()8Li has been measured for Ed...

153

Mineral phases of green liquor dregs, slaker grits, lime mud and wood ash of a Kraft pulp and paper mill  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Four residues generated in a Kraft, pulp and paper plant, were characterized by X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XFA), powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimmetric analysis (TG) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). A quantitative phase composition model, that accounts for the observed data and for the physico-chemical conditions of formation, was postulated for each material. Emphasis was given on the identification of the mineral components of each material. The green liquor dregs and the lime mud contain Calcite and Gipsite. The slaker grits contains Calcite, Portlandite, Pirssonite, Larnite and Brucite. The Calcite phase, present in the dregs and in the lime mud, has small amounts of magnesium replacing calcium. The wood ash contains Quartz as the major crystalline mineral phase.

Fernanda Machado Martins; Joaniel Munhoz Martins; Luiz Carlos Ferracin; Carlos Jorge da Cunha

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Design of Refractory Linings for Balanced Energy Efficiency, Uptime, and Capacity in Lime Kilns  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The rotary kilns used by the pulp and paper industry to regenerate lime in the Kraft process are very energy intensive. Throughout the 90 s, in response to increasing fuel prices, the industry used back up insulation in conjunction with the high alumina brick used to line the burning zones of their kilns. While this improved energy efficiency, the practice of installing insulating brick behind the working lining increased the inner wall temperatures. In the worst case, due to the increased temperatures, rapid brick failures occurred causing unscheduled outages and expensive repairs. Despite these issues, for the most part, the industry continued to use insulating refractory linings in that the energy savings were large enough to offset any increase in the cost of maintaining the refractory lining. Due to the dramatic decline in the price of natural gas in some areas combined with mounting pressures to increasing production of existing assets, over the last decade, many mills are focusing more on increasing the uptime of their kilns as opposed to energy savings. To this end, a growing number of mills are using basic (magnesia based) brick instead of high alumina brick to line the burning zone of the kiln since the lime mud does not react with these bricks at the operating temperatures of the burning zone of the kiln. In the extreme case, a few mills have chosen to install basic brick in the front end of the kiln running a length equivalent to 10 diameters. While the use of basic brick can increase the uptime of the kiln and reduce the cost to maintain the refractory lining, it does dramatically increase the heat losses resulting from the increased operating temperatures of the shell. Also, over long periods of time operating at these high temperatures, damage can occur in the shell. There are tradeoffs between energy efficiency, capacity and uptime. When fuel prices are very high, it makes sense to insulate the lining. When fuel prices are lower, trading some thermal efficiency for increased uptime and capacity seems reasonable. This paper considers a number of refractory linings in an effort to develop optimized operating strategies that balance these factors. In addition to considering a range of refractory materials, the paper examines other factors such as the chain area, discharge dams and other operating variables that impact the service life of the refractory lining. The paper provides recommendations that will help mill personnel develop a strategy to select a refractory lining that is optimized for their specific situation.

Gorog, John Peter [ORNL; Hemrick, James Gordon [ORNL; Walker, Harold [Refratechnik North America, Inc.; Leary, William R [ORNL; Ellis, Murray [Australian Paper, Co.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Women @ Energy: Yan Li | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Yan Li Yan Li Women @ Energy: Yan Li March 12, 2013 - 9:23am Addthis Yan Li is a Computational Physicist at the Computational Science Center at Brookhaven National Laboratory. Yan Li is a Computational Physicist at the Computational Science Center at Brookhaven National Laboratory. Yan Li is a Computational Physicist at the Computational Science Center at Brookhaven National Laboratory. Her work is mainly focused on developing and applying advanced computational tools to investigate material properties of crystal, surfaces/interfaces and nanostructures. Yan got her Ph.D in Physics from University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Before becoming a staff scientist at BNL, Yan worked at the University of California, Davis as a postodoral researcher. Yan holds a Bachelors of

156

LiCoO2-and LiMn2O4-based composite cathode materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have prepared composite cathode materials based on two electrochemically active compounds, LiCoO2 and LiMn2O4..., and investigated their properties. The results indicate that the discharge capacities of all th...

Ya. V. Shatilo; E. V. Makhonina; V. S. Pervov; V. S. Dubasova

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

The lime-soda sinter process for resource recovery from fly ash: A new look  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The lime-soda sinter process is one of the earliest and most thoroughly researched and evaluated of the several methods available for resource recovery from fly ash. The principle product, metallurgical grade alumina, is obtained with yields as high as 90% depending upon how much alumina needs to be left in the residue to form acceptable byproduct cement clinker. The process has the advantages of requiring a relatively low sintering temperature (1100-1200{degree}C), using conventional equipment of carbon steel construction, utilizing a variety of calcium and mineralizer raw materials, and producing only a single byproduct consisting of dicalcium silicate that has been shown to be an attractive raw material for the manufacture of portland cement. An economic feasibility study for a combined facility to produce alumina and cement from the fly ash generated by a 1000 MWe coal-fired power station shows a 10.5% return on average investment. This is increased to 14.2% when a disposal charge of $10/ton of fly ash consumed is credited to the process. Research has shown that the soda ash can be replaced by coal cleaning refuse or that the soda ash and one-fourth of the limestone can be replaced by FGD sludge with a savings in raw material cost in both cases. The return on average investment becomes 14.5% when the refuse is used and 15.2% when the sludge is used. The return could be increased further if an inexpensive fluxing agent were substituted for the alumina deliberately left in the residue. 12 refs., 2 figs., 7 tabs.

Burnet, G.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Transport properties of LiAl  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In "real" LiAl (NaTl structure: Fd3m), the majority carriers govern the transport properties are holes at 77 and 300 K. The decrease in Hall coefficients and the increase in electrical resistivity with the increase of Li composition are understood in terms of the "defect" structure of LiAl. The relationship between the transport properties and band structure is discussed using the semimetallic band structure proposed by Zunger.

K. Kuriyama; T. Kamijoh; T. Nozaki

1980-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

159

Evidence of coupling between the thermal and nonthermal emission in the gamma-ray binary LS I +61 303  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The gamma-ray binary LS I +61 303 is composed of a Be star and a compact companion orbiting in an eccentric orbit. Variable flux modulated with the orbital period of ~26.5 d has been detected from radio to very high-energy gamma rays. In addition, the system presents a superorbital variability of the phase and amplitude of the radio outburst with a period of ~4.6 yr. We present optical photometric observations of LS I +61 303 spanning ~1.5 yr and contemporaneous Halpha equivalent width (EW Halpha) data. The optical photometry shows, for the first time, that the known orbital modulation suffers a positive orbital phase shift and an increase in flux for data obtained 1-yr apart. This behavior is similar to that already known at radio wavelengths, indicating that the optical flux follows the superorbital variability as well. The orbital modulation of the EW Halpha presents the already known superorbital flux variability but shows, also for the first time, a positive orbital phase shift. In addition, the optical ...

Paredes-Fortuny, X; Bosch-Ramon, V; Casares, J; Fors, O; Nez, J

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

ASSOCIATING LONG-TERM {gamma}-RAY VARIABILITY WITH THE SUPERORBITAL PERIOD OF LS I +61 Degree-Sign 303  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gamma-ray binaries are stellar systems for which the spectral energy distribution (discounting the thermal stellar emission) peaks at high energies. Detected from radio to TeV gamma rays, the {gamma}-ray binary LS I +61 Degree-Sign 303 is highly variable across all frequencies. One aspect of this system's variability is the modulation of its emission with the timescale set by the {approx}26.4960 day orbital period. Here we show that, during the time of our observations, the {gamma}-ray emission of LS I +61 Degree-Sign 303 also presents a sinusoidal variability consistent with the previously known superorbital period of 1667 days. This modulation is more prominently seen at orbital phases around apastron, whereas it does not introduce a visible change close to periastron. It is also found in the appearance and disappearance of variability at the orbital period in the power spectrum of the data. This behavior could be explained by a quasi-cyclical evolution of the equatorial outflow of the Be companion star, whose features influence the conditions for generating gamma rays. These findings open the possibility to use {gamma}-ray observations to study the outflows of massive stars in eccentric binary systems.

Ackermann, M.; Buehler, R. [Deutsches Elektronen Synchrotron DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen (Germany); Ajello, M. [Space Sciences Laboratory, 7 Gauss Way, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-7450 (United States); Ballet, J.; Casandjian, J. M. [Laboratoire AIM, CEA-IRFU/CNRS/Universite Paris Diderot, Service d'Astrophysique, CEA Saclay, F-91191 Gif sur Yvette (France); Barbiellini, G. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Trieste, I-34127 Trieste (Italy); Bastieri, D.; Buson, S. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Padova, I-35131 Padova (Italy); Bellazzini, R.; Bregeon, J. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Pisa, I-56127 Pisa (Italy); Bonamente, E.; Cecchi, C. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Perugia, I-06123 Perugia (Italy); Brandt, T. J. [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Brigida, M. [Dipartimento di Fisica ''M. Merlin'' dell'Universita e del Politecnico di Bari, I-70126 Bari (Italy); Bruel, P. [Laboratoire Leprince-Ringuet, Ecole polytechnique, CNRS/IN2P3, F-91128 Palaiseau (France); Caliandro, G. A. [Institute of Space Sciences (IEEE-CSIC), Campus UAB, E-08193 Barcelona (Spain); Cameron, R. A. [W. W. Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Department of Physics and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States); Caraveo, P. A. [INAF-Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica, I-20133 Milano (Italy); Cavazzuti, E. [Agenzia Spaziale Italiana (ASI) Science Data Center, I-00044 Frascati (Roma) (Italy); Chekhtman, A., E-mail: andrea.caliandro@ieec.uab.es, E-mail: hadasch@ieec.uab.es, E-mail: dtorres@ieec.uab.es [Center for Earth Observing and Space Research, College of Science, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030 (United States); and others

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li lime ls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Nanoscale LiFePO4 and Li4Ti5O12 for High Rate Li-ion Batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The electrochemical performances of nanoscale LiFePO4 and Li4Ti5O12 materials are described in this communication. The nanomaterials were synthesized by pyrolysis of an aerosol precursor. Both compositions required moderate heat-treatment to become electrochemically active. LiFePO4 nanoparticles were coated with a uniform, 2-4 nm thick carbon-coating using an organic precursor in the heat treatment step and showed high tap density of 1.24 g/cm3, in spite of 50-100 nm particle size and 2.9 wtpercent carbon content. Li4Ti5O12 nanoparticles were between 50-200 nm in size and showed tap density of 0.8 g/cm3. The nanomaterials were tested both in half cell configurations against Li-metal and also in LiFePO4/Li4Ti5O12 full cells. Nano-LiFePO4 showed high discharge rate capability with values of 150 and 138 mAh/g at C/25 and 5C, respectively, after constant C/25 charges. Nano-Li4Ti5O12 also showed high charge capability with values of 148 and 138 mAh/g at C/25 and 5C, respectively, after constant C/25 discharges; the discharge (lithiation) capability was comparatively slower. LiFePO4/Li4Ti5O12 full cells deliver charge/discharge capacity values of 150 and 122 mAh/g at C/5 and 5C, respectively.

Jaiswal, A.; Horne, C.R.; Chang, O.; Zhang, W.; Kong, W.; Wang, E.; Chern, T.; Doeff, M. M.

2009-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

162

Effects of O vacancies and N or Si substitutions on Li+ migration in Li3PO4 electrolytes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effects of O vacancies and N or Si substitutions on Li+ migration in Li3PO4 electrolytes from first constructed realistic models of various types of isolated defects in crystalline Li3PO4 involving O vacancies on the production and migration of mobile Li ions. We find that mobile Li-ion vacancies are stabilized by removing

Holzwarth, Natalie

163

Power Law Size-Distributed Heterogeneity Explains Colloid Retention on Soda Lime Glass in the Presence of Energy Barriers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Power Law Size-Distributed Heterogeneity Explains Colloid Retention on Soda Lime Glass in the Presence of Energy Barriers ... This is shown in Figure 1 under the condition of 80 nm heterodomains and 6 mM IS, where the ZOIs and the corresponding colloidcollector interaction force profiles as a function of minimum separation distance (H) are shown for the three colloid sizes examined in this study (blue = 0.25 ?m, green = 1.1 ?m, red = 1.95 ?m). ... Such work will determine whether representing retention via discrete heterogeneity yields a distinct but logical set of heterodomain representations among mineral surfaces predominant in groundwater aquifers. ...

Eddy Pazmino; Jacob Trauscht; Brittany Dame; William P. Johnson

2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

164

Characterization of Rio Blanco retort 1 water following treatment by lime-soda softening and reverse osmosis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Laboratory research was initiated to evaluate the chemical, physical, and toxicological characteristics of treated and untreated Rio Blanco oil shale retort water. Wet chemical analyses, metals analyses, MICROTOX assays and particle-size analysis were performed on the wastewater before and after treatment by lime-soda softening and reverse osmosis. The reverse osmosis system successfully removed dissolved solids and organics from the wastewater. Based on MICROTOX tests, the water was much less toxic after treatment by reverse osmosis. 8 refs., 7 figs., 8 tabs.

Kocornik, D.J.

1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

A comparison of ZnO films deposited on indium tin oxide and soda lime glass under identical conditions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

ZnO films have been grown via a vapour phase transport (VPT) on soda lime glass (SLG) and indium-tin oxide (ITO) coated glass. ZnO film on ITO had traces of Zn and C which gives them a dark appearance while that appears yellowish-white on SLG. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy studies confirm the traces of C in the form of C-O. The photoluminescence studies reveal a prominent green luminescence band for ZnO film on ITO.

Deka, Angshuman; Nanda, Karuna Kar [Materials Research Centre, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore - 560012 (India)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

166

Patterning of graphene Wenbin Li,b  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Patterning of graphene Ji Feng,a Wenbin Li,b Xiaofeng Qian,b Jingshan Qi,c Liang Qib and Ju Li of carbon (graphene, graphane, etc.) are amenable to unique patterning schemes such as cutting, bending theoretical understanding and processing routes for patterning graphene and highlight potential applications

Chen, Sow-Hsin

167

Characterization of Materials for Li-ion Batteries: Success Stories...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Characterization of Materials for Li-ion Batteries: Success Stories from the High Temperature Materials Laboratory (HTML) User Program Characterization of Materials for Li-ion...

168

Characterization of Li-ion Batteries using Neutron Diffraction...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Li-ion Batteries using Neutron Diffraction and Infrared Imaging Techniques Characterization of Li-ion Batteries using Neutron Diffraction and Infrared Imaging Techniques 2011 DOE...

169

Li-Ion Battery Cell Manufacturing | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Li-Ion Battery Cell Manufacturing Li-Ion Battery Cell Manufacturing 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer...

170

Mixed Salts of LiTFSI and LiBOB for Stable LiFePO4-Based Batteries at Elevated Temperatures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To achieve stable long-term cycling stability at elevated temperatures, mixed salts of LiTFSI and LiBOB are used to replace LiPF6 salt in non-aqueous electrolytes for LiFePO4-based batteries. It is found that adding LiBOB in LiTFSI-based electrolytes effectively prevents the severe corrosion to Al current collectors that often is observed in LiTFSI-based electrolytes, which have high thermal stability. The cells using LiTFSI-LiBOB-based electrolytes demonstrate superior high temperature (60 ?C) stability and very similar room temperature performance (i.e., cycling stability and rate capability) when compared to cells using the LiPF6-based electrolyte.

Chen, Xilin; Xu, Wu; Engelhard, Mark H.; Zheng, Jianming; Zhang, Yaohui; Ding, Fei; Qian, Jiangfeng; Zhang, Jiguang

2014-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

171

Improvement of Thermal Stability of Li-Ion Batteries by Polymer Coating of LiMn2O4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

thermal stability of the Li-ion battery. CONCLUSIONS CoatingPDDA. EC- AFM studies on Li-ion battery electrodes offered

Stroeve, Pieter; Vidu, Ruxandra

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Accretion vs colliding wind models for the gamma-ray binary LS I +61 303: an assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LS I +61 303 is a puzzling Be/X-ray binary with variable gamma-ray emission at up TeV energies. The nature of the compact object and the origin of the high-energy emission are unclear. One family of models invokes particle acceleration in shocks from the collision between the B-star wind and a relativistic pulsar wind, while another centers on a relativistic jet powered by accretion. Recent high-resolution radio observations showing a putative "cometary tail" pointing away from the Be star near periastron have been cited as support for the pulsar-wind model. We wish here to carry out a quantitative assessment of these competing models for this extraordinary source. We apply a 3D SPH code for dynamical simulations of both the pulsar-wind-interaction and accretion-jet models. The former yields a description of the shape of the wind-wind interaction surface. The latter provides an estimation of the accretion rate. The results allow critical evaluation of how the two distinct models confront the data in various wavebands under a range of conditions. When one accounts for the 3D dynamical wind interaction under realistic constraints for the relative strength of the B-star and pulsar winds, the resulting form of the interaction front does not match the putative "cometary tail" claimed from radio observations. On the other hand, dynamical simulations of the accretion-jet model indicate that the orbital phase variation of accretion power includes a secondary broad peak well away from periastron, thus providing a plausible way to explain the observed TeV gamma ray emission toward apastron. We conclude that the colliding-wind model is not clearly established for LS I +61 303, while the accretion-jet model can reproduce many key characteristics of the observed TeV gamma-ray emission.

G. E. Romero; A. T. Okazaki; M. Orellana; S. P. Owocki

2007-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

173

Two-phase transition of Li-intercalation compounds in Li-ion batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Among all electrode materials, olivine LiFePO4 and spinel Li4Ti5O12 are well-known for their two-phase structure, characterized by a flat voltage plateau. The phase transition in olivine LiFePO4 may be modeled in single particle and many-particle systems at room temperature, based on the thermodynamic phase diagram which is easily affected by coherency strain and the size effect. Some metastable and transient phases in the phase diagram can also be detected during non-equilibrium electrochemical processes. In comparison to olivine LiFePO4, spinel Li4Ti5O12 possesses a zero strain property and performs Li-site switching during the phase transition, which lead to a different phase structure. Here, the phase transitions of olivine LiFePO4 and spinel Li4Ti5O12 are systematically reviewed, and the concepts discussed may be extended to other two-phase Li-intercalation compounds in Li-ion batteries.

De Li; Haoshen Zhou

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Effects of the maximum soil aggregates size and cyclic wetting-drying on the stiffness of a lime-treated clayey soil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of treated soils, giving rise to changes in hydro-mechanical properties. This modification could be dependent in height) was covered by plastic film in order to prevent soil moisture changes. The soil stiffness #12;3 Introduction Lime stabilisation is a well-known technique in civil engineering applications

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

175

Thermal Stability of LiPF6 Salt and Li-ion Battery Electrolytes Containing LiPF6  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

like alcohol or cathode active material that may (or maya catalytic effect to cathode active material (e.g. LiCoO 2like alcohol or cathode active material that may (or may

Yang, Hui; Zhuang, Guorong V.; Ross Jr., Philip N.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

A search for 6Li in stars with planets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......extrasolar planets. 7 Determination of 6 Li/ 7 Li ratio...bias the 6Li/7Li determinations but is unlikely across...observations of this isotope in young stars. Standard...Tripicco 1986), but both isotopes may be quite similarly...perhaps, beryllium and boron. Since the composition......

Bacham E. Reddy; David L. Lambert; Chris Laws; Guillermo Gonzalez; Kevin Covey

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

High-Energy Cathode Materials (Li2MnO3LiMO2) for Lithium-Ion Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High-Energy Cathode Materials (Li2MnO3LiMO2) for Lithium-Ion Batteries ... Fabrication of Nitrogen-Doped Holey Graphene Hollow Microspheres and Their Use as an Active Electrode Material for Lithium Ion Batteries ... Li-rich materials are considered the most promising for Li-ion battery cathodes, as high energy densities can be achieved. ...

Haijun Yu; Haoshen Zhou

2013-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

178

Simplified Electrochemical and Thermal Model of LiFePO4-Graphite Li-Ion Batteries for Fast Charge Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simplified Electrochemical and Thermal Model of LiFePO4- Graphite Li-Ion Batteries for Fast Charge, a simplified electrochemical and thermal model of LiFePO4-graphite based Li-ion batteries is developed for battery management system (BMS) applications and comprehensive aging investigations. Based on a modified

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

179

Definition: LiDAR | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LiDAR LiDAR Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png LiDAR Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) is an active remote sensing technology that uses optical measurements of scattered light to find range (Young, 2006). Measurements can be made from aircraft- or land-based sensors. Distance to an object is determined by the time delay between transmission and detection of a laser pulse. It is accurate to within 0.1 m (at 1-m resolution, 0.3 m at 3-m resolution) and has the ability to measure the land surface elevation beneath the vegetation canopy. View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Also Known As Light Detection And Ranging Related Terms DEM, Digital Elevation Model tran LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. smission lines,transmission line,transmission

180

Comment on Li pellet Conditioning in TFTR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Li pellet conditioning in TFTR results in a reduction of the edge electron density which allows increased neutral beam penetration, central heating, and fueling. Consequently the temperature profiles became more peaked with higher central Ti, Te, and neutron emission rates.

R.V. Budny

2011-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li lime ls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

A=7Li (2002TI10)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

NuclDataGeneralTables7li.shtml). See also references cited in (1988AJ01). Thermonuclear reaction rates for this reaction calculated from evaluated data are presented in...

182

Ambient Operation of Li/Air Batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work, Li/air batteries based on nonaqueous electrolytes were investigated in ambient conditions (with an oxygen partial pressure of 0.21 atm and relative humidity of ~20%). A heat-sealable polymer membrane was used as both an oxygen-diffusion membrane and as a moisture barrier for Li/air batteries. The membrane also can minimize the evaporation of the electrolyte from the batteries. Li/air batteries with this membrane can operate in ambient conditions for more than one month with a specific energy of 362 Wh kg-1, based on the total weight of the battery including its packaging. Among various carbon sources used in this work, Li/air batteries using Ketjenblack (KB) carbon-based air electrodes exhibited the highest specific energy. However, KB-based air electrodes expanded significantly and absorbed much more electrolyte than electrodes made from other carbon sources. The weight distribution of a typical Li/air battery using the KB-based air electrode was dominated by the electrolyte (~70%). Lithium-metal anodes and KB-carbon anodes account for only 5.12% and 5.78% of the battery weight, respectively. We also found that only ~ 20% of the mesopore volume of the air electrode was occupied by reaction products after discharge. To further improve the specific energy of the Li/air batteries, the microstructure of the carbon electrode needs to be further improved to absorb much less electrolyte while still holding significant amounts of reaction products

Zhang, Jiguang; Wang, Deyu; Xu, Wu; Xiao, Jie; Williford, Ralph E.

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Improved electrochemical properties of Li1+x(Ni0.3Co0.4Mn0.3)O2?? (x=0, 0.03 and 0.06) with lithium excess composition prepared by a spray drying method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Layered Li1+x(Ni0.3Co0.4Mn0.3)O2?? (x=0, 0.03 and 0.06) materials were synthesized through the different calcination times using the spray-dried precursor with the molar ratio of Li/Me=1.25 (Me=transition metals). The physical and electrochemical properties of the lithium excess and the stoichiometric materials were examined using XRD, AAS, BET and galvanostatic electrochemical method. As results, the lithium excess Li1.06(Ni0.3Co0.4Mn0.3)O2?? could show better electrochemical properties, such as discharge capacity, capacity retention and C rate ability, than those of the stoichiometric Li1.00(Ni0.3Co0.4Mn0.3)O2??. In this paper, the effect of excess lithium on the electrochemical properties of Li1+x(Ni0.3Co0.4Mn0.3)O2?? materials will be discussed based on the experimental results of ex situ X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and galvanostatic intermittent titration technique (GITT)

Jung-Min Kim; Naoaki Kumagai; Shinichi Komaba

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Li-Ion Battery with LiFePO4 Cathode and Li4Ti5O12 Anode for Stationary Energy Storage  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

i-ion batteries based on commercially available LiFePO4 cathode and Li4Ti5O12 anode were investigated for potential stationary energy storage applications. The full cell that operated at flat 1.85V demonstrated stable cycling for 200 cycles followed by a rapid fade. A significant improvement in cycling stability was achieved via Ketjen black coating of the cathode. A Li-ion full cell with Ketjen black modified LiFePO4 cathode and an unmodified Li4Ti5O12 anode exhibited negligible fade after more than 1200 cycles with a capacity of ~130mAh/g. The improved stability, along with its cost-effectiveness, environmentally benignity and safety, make the LiFePO4/ Li4Ti5O12 Li-ion battery a promising option of storing renewable energy.

Wang, Wei; Choi, Daiwon; Yang, Zhenguo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Cost-Sensitive Classification with Genetic Programming Jin Li, Xiaoli Li and Xin Yao  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cost-Sensitive Classification with Genetic Programming Jin Li, Xiaoli Li and Xin Yao The Centre.Yao}@cs.bham.ac.uk Abstract- Cost-sensitive classification is an attractive topic in data mining. Although genetic programming exploited to ad- dress cost-sensitive classification in the literature, where the costs of misclassification

Yao, Xin

186

Quickest Spectrum Sensing in Cognitive Radio Husheng Li, Chengzhi Li and Huaiyu Dai  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Quickest Spectrum Sensing in Cognitive Radio Husheng Li, Chengzhi Li and Huaiyu Dai Abstract spectrum sensing in secondary radio systems without data fusion centers. Performance is evaluated using to detect the primary radio signal. The fundamental limits of spectrum sensing are discussed in [15] while

Dai, Huaiyu

187

DFT+U Study of Polaronic Conduction in Li2O2 and Li2CO3: Implications for LiAir Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

DFT+U Study of Polaronic Conduction in Li2O2 and Li2CO3: Implications for LiAir Batteries ... The emission of greenhouse gases and the local pollution in the cities produced by the fossil fuel-powered vehicles (FFVs) is forcing the development of alternative power systems for automobiles. ... A delocalized solution was found. ...

J. M. Garcia-Lastra; J. S. G. Myrdal; R. Christensen; K. S. Thygesen; T. Vegge

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

188

The apparent discontinuity in the periodicity of the GeV emission from LS I +61{\\deg}303  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The gamma-ray binary LS I +61{\\deg}303 shows a discontinuity of the periodicity in its GeV emission. In this paper, we show that during the epochs when the timing analysis fails to determine the orbital periodicity, the periodicity is in fact present in the two orbital phase intervals $\\Phi = 0.0-0.5$ and $\\Phi = 0.5-1.0$. That is, there are two periodic signals, one towards periastron (i.e., $\\Phi = 0.0-0.5$) and another one towards apastron ($\\Phi = 0.5-1.0$). The apastron peak shows the same orbital shift as the radio outburst and, in addition, reveals the same two periods $P_1$ and $P_2$ that are present in the radio data. The gamma-ray emission of the apastron peak normally just broadens the emission of the peak around periastron. Only when it appears at $\\Phi = 0.8-1.0$, because of the orbital shift, it is detached enough from the first peak to become recognizable as a second orbital peak, which is the reason why the timing analysis fails. Two gamma-ray peaks along the orbit are predicted by the two-pea...

Jaron, Frederic

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Rate-dependent morphology of Li2O2 growth in Li-O2 batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Compact solid discharge products enable energy storage devices with high gravimetric and volumetric energy densities, but solid deposits on active surfaces can disturb charge transport and induce mechanical stress. In this Letter we develop a nanoscale continuum model for the growth of Li2O2 crystals in lithium-oxygen batteries with organic electrolytes, based on a theory of electrochemical non-equilibrium thermodynamics originally applied to Li-ion batteries. As in the case of lithium insertion in phase-separating LiFePO4 nanoparticles, the theory predicts a transition from complex to uniform morphologies of Li2O2 with increasing current. Discrete particle growth at low discharge rates becomes suppressed at high rates, resulting in a film of electronically insulating Li2O2 that limits cell performance. We predict that the transition between these surface growth modes occurs at current densities close to the exchange current density of the cathode reaction, consistent with experimental observations.

Horstmann, B; Mitchell, R; Bessler, W G; Shao-Horn, Y; Bazant, M Z

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

The X^- Solution to the ^6Li and ^7Li Big Bang Nucleosynthesis Problems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The $^6$Li abundance observed in metal poor halo stars appears to exhibit a plateau as a function of metallicity similar to that for $^7$Li, suggesting a big bang origin. However, the inferred primordial abundance of $^6$Li is $\\sim$1000 times larger than that predicted by standard big bang nucleosynthesis for the baryon-to-photon ratio inferred from the WMAP data. Also, the inferred $^7$Li primordial abundance is 3 times smaller than the big bang prediction. We here describe in detail a possible simultaneous solution to both the problems of underproduction of $^6$Li and overproduction of $^7$Li in big bang nucleosynthesis. This solution involves a hypothetical massive, negatively-charged leptonic particle that would bind to the light nuclei produced in big bang nucleosynthesis, but would decay long before it could be detected. We consider only the $X$-nuclear reactions and assume that the effect of decay products is negligible, as would be the case if lifetime were large or the mass difference between the charged particle and its daughter were small. An interesting feature of this paradigm is that, because the particle remains bound to the existing nuclei after the cessation of the usual big bang nuclear reactions, a second longer epoch of nucleosynthesis can occur among $X$-nuclei. We confirm that reactions in which the hypothetical particle is transferred can occur that greatly enhance the production of $^6$Li while depleting $^7$Li. We also identify a new reaction that destroys large amounts of $^7$Be, and hence reduces the ultimate $^7$Li abundance. Thus, big-bang nucleosynthesis in the presence of these hypothetical particles, together with or without an event of stellar processing, can simultaneously solve the two Li abundance problems.

Motohiko Kusakabe; Toshitaka Kajino; Richard N. Boyd; Takashi Yoshida; Grant J. Mathews

2007-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

191

Table 2 -Lime use and practices on Corn, major producing states, 2001 CO GA IL IN IA KS KY MI MN MO NE NY NC ND OH PA SD TX WI Area  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Table 2 - Lime use and practices on Corn, major producing states, 2001 CO GA IL IN IA KS KY MI MN.7 Table 2 - Lime use and practices on Corn, major producing states, 2000 CO IL IN IA KS KY MI MN MO NE NY use and practices on Corn, major producing states, 1999 CO IL IN IA KS KY MI MN MO NE NC OH SD TX WI

Kammen, Daniel M.

192

Nuclear Magnetic Relaxation in LiF at High Temperatures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Measurements of T1 and T2, the spin-lattice and spin-spin relaxation times, are reported for Li7 and F19 nuclei in a single crystal of LiF. T1(Li) has been measured from room temperature to the melting point (1120K) and the other quantities from 830K to the melting point. Above 620K, relaxation is caused exclusively by the diffusion of Li and F ions. T1(Li), T2(Li), and T1(F) are mainly determined by ?Li, the jump frequency of Li ions, and T2(F) mainly by ?F. Using a theory of relaxation developed elsewhere, ?Li and ?F are obtained for the region of intrinsic diffusion as ?Li=1.71016exp(-1.81eV/kT) and ?F=4.51017exp(-2.2eV/kT). For the extrinsic region, the motional activation energy of Li ions is obtained as 0.71 eV. The values of ?Li are in good agreement with those obtained from conductivity measurements; to our knowledge, ?F has never been measured by other methods. Below 620K quadrupolar relaxation due to lattice vibrations and relaxation by paramagnetic impurities become important, and rough values are obtained for these contributions to T1(Li). Large angular variations of T1 and T2 are observed in the region of relaxation due to atomic diffusion. T2(Li) and T1(Li) vary by a factor of 2 and 1.5, respectively, as a function of crystal orientation, in good agreement with theoretical prediction. A crude measurement of T1(Li) in molten LiF is discussed.

Maurice Eisenstadt

1963-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

193

LiDAR | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LiDAR LiDAR Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: LiDAR Details Activities (10) Areas (5) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Remote Sensing Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Active Sensors Parent Exploration Technique: Active Sensors Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Stratigraphic/Structural: delineate faults, create high-resolution DEMS, quantify fault kinemaics, develop lineament maps Hydrological: Thermal: Cost Information Low-End Estimate (USD): 300.0030,000 centUSD 0.3 kUSD 3.0e-4 MUSD 3.0e-7 TUSD / sq. mile Median Estimate (USD): 850.0085,000 centUSD 0.85 kUSD 8.5e-4 MUSD 8.5e-7 TUSD / sq. mile High-End Estimate (USD): 1,300.00130,000 centUSD 1.3 kUSD 0.0013 MUSD 1.3e-6 TUSD / sq. mile

194

P LI I CI L I  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

LI LI I - CI L - I 111 Ir LI C C c c c Ic c L ORNL/RASA-90/8 OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY RADIOLOGICAL SURVEY OF THE FORMER BAKER BROTHERSJNC. SITE, 2551-2555 HARLEAU PLACE, TOLEDO,OHIO (BTOOOl) MABAGEO BY MABAGEO BY MAUTIH MARIETTA ENBGY SYSTEM, INC. AWTIH MAftIETTA ENBGY SYSTEM, INC. FOR THE UNITE0 STATES FOR THE UNITE0 STATES OEPARTMENT OF EtdERGY OEPARTMENT OF EtdERGY R. D. Foley L. M. Floyd _-. This report has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from the Office of Scientific and Techni- cal Information, P.O. Box 62, Oak Ridge, TN 37631; prices available from (615) 5766401. PTS 6266401. Available to the public from the National Technical Information Service, U.S. Department of Commerce, 5285 Port Royal Rd., Springfield, VA 22161.

195

Molecular dynamics of LiF melting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We performed molecular-dynamics simulations of the melting and/or freezing of LiF. The simulations were done using the Tosi-Fumi model and our own model of interatomic interactions. The latter was verified by ab initio calculations of the equation of state for LiF. We show that the recent molecular-dynamics calculations by Boehler and co-workers are not adequate and their model for the interactions is not capable of providing melting temperatures in agreement with experiment. Our calculated pressure dependence of the melting temperatures gives valuable information. We found that the B1-B2 transition in LiF at around 1 Mbar removes the discrepancy between the diamond-anvil cell and shockwave melting temperatures. An explanation of the controversy between low and high melting temperatures obtained from diamond-anvil cell experiments is suggested.

A. B. Belonoshko; R. Ahuja; B. Johansson

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

LiMnPO4 Nanoplate Grown via Solid-State Reaction in Molten Hydrocarbon...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

LiMnPO4 Nanoplate Grown via Solid-State Reaction in Molten Hydrocarbon for Li-ion Battery Cathode. LiMnPO4 Nanoplate Grown via Solid-State Reaction in Molten Hydrocarbon for Li-ion...

197

Investigation of Mechanical Activation on Li-N-H Systems Using...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mechanical Activation on Li-N-H Systems Using 6Li Magic Angle Spinning Nuclear Magnetic Resonance at Ultra-High Investigation of Mechanical Activation on Li-N-H Systems Using 6Li...

198

A compact pulsar wind nebula model of the gamma-ray loud binary LS I +61 303  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study a model of of LS I +61 303 in which its radio to TeV emission is due to interaction of a relativistic wind from a young pulsar with the wind from its companion Be star. We assume the fast polar wind is clumpy, which is typical for radiatively-driven winds. The clumpiness cause the two winds to mix. The relativistic electrons from the pulsar wind are retained in the moving clumps by inhomogeneities of the magnetic field, which explains the X-ray variability observed on time scales much shorter than the orbital period. We calculate detailed inhomogeneous spectral models reproducing the average broad-band spectrum from radio to TeVs. Given the uncertainties the form of the distribution of relativistic electrons, the X-ray spectrum could be dominated by either Compton or synchrotron emission. The recent Fermi observations constrain the high-energy cut-off in the electron distribution to be at the Lorentz factor of 2 10^4 or 10^8 in the former and latter model, respectively. We provide formulae comparing the losses of the relativistic electrons due to Compton, synchrotron and Coulomb processes vs. the distance from the Be star. We calculate the optical depth of the wind to free-free absorption, showing that it will suppress most of the radio emission within the orbit. We point out the importance of Compton and Coulomb heating of the stellar wind within and around the gamma-ray emitting region. Then, we find the most likely mechanism explaining the orbital modulation at TeV energies is anisotropy of emission.

A. A. Zdziarski; A. Neronov; M. Chernyakova

2008-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

199

High Voltage Electrolytes for Li-ion Batteries | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Electrolytes for Li-ion Batteries High Voltage Electrolytes for Li-ion Batteries 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and...

200

Protection of Li Anodes Using Dual Phase Electrolytes  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

50 full charge-discharge cycles in the laboratory scale Li-S cells. Partners BASF SE, Germany * Development of Li-S battery materials 3 Project Objectives * Develop a unique...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li lime ls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Investigation of critical parameters in Li-ion battery electrodes...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

at 500CT1000C for 12 h. Technical accomplishments: LiNi 12 Mn 32 O 4 , Neutron Diffraction 500C 700C 900C 1000C 7 Technical accomplishments: LiNi 12 Mn...

202

Hydrogen storage in LiH: A first principle study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

First principles calculations have been performed on the Lithium hydride (LiH) using the full potential linearized augmented plane wave (FP-LAPW) method within the framework of density functional theory. We have extended our calculations for LiH+2H and LiH+6H in NaCl structure. The structural stability of three compounds have been studied. It is found that LiH with 6 added Hydrogen atoms is most stable. The obtained results for LiH are in good agreement with reported experimental data. Electronic structures of three compounds are also studied. Out of three the energy band gap in LiH is ?3.0 eV and LiH+2H and LiH+6H are metallic.

Banger, Suman, E-mail: sumanphy28@gmail.com; Nayak, Vikas, E-mail: sumanphy28@gmail.com; Verma, U. P., E-mail: sumanphy28@gmail.com [School of Studies in Physics, Jiwaji University, Gwalior-474011 (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

203

Lithium Source For High Performance Li-ion Cells  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

New cathode and anode electrodes are required to improve the energy density of Li-ion cells for transportation technologies. The cost of Li-ion systems for transportation...

204

High Voltage Electrolytes for Li-ion Batteries | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

in Support of 5 V Li-ion Chemistries Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Fluorinated Electrolyte for 5-V Li-Ion Chemistry High Voltage Electrolyte for Lithium Batteries...

205

Lithium Source For High Performance Li-ion Cells | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Li-ion Cells Lithium Source For High Performance Li-ion Cells 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer...

206

Li?Air Rechargeable Battery Based on Metal-free Graphene Nanosheet Catalysts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Li?Air Rechargeable Battery Based on Metal-free Graphene Nanosheet Catalysts ... Aqueous Rechargeable Li and Na Ion Batteries ...

Eunjoo Yoo; Haoshen Zhou

2011-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

207

Channeling Radiation from Relativistic Positrons in LiF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Unusual features of radiation spectra from relativistic positrons channeled in the ionic crystal LiF have been observed.

B. L. Berman; S. Datz; R. W. Fearick; J. O. Kephart; R. H. Pantell; H. Park; R. L. Swent

1982-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

208

Thin, Flexible Secondary Li-Ion Paper Liangbing Hu,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thin, Flexible Secondary Li-Ion Paper Batteries Liangbing Hu, Hui Wu, Fabio La Mantia, Yuan Yang, secondary Li-ion batteries are key components in por- table electronics due to their high power and energy integrated all of the components of a Li-ion battery into a single sheet of paper with a simple lamination

Cui, Yi

209

LiFePO4/CA cathode nanocomposite with 3D conductive network structure for Li-ion battery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A novel LiFePO4/Carbon aerogel (LFP/CA) nanocomposite with 3D conductive network structure was synthesized by using carbon aerogels as both template and conductive framework, and subsequently wet impregnating LiF...

Qiong Jiang; Yunlong Xu; Chongjun Zhao

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Giant resonance study by 6li scattering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

above 35 MeV. Other processes give a large physical background at high excitation energy in ? inelastic scattering, which makes it difficult to extract strength distributions in this range. As an isoscalar projectile (N=Z), 6Li scattering could...

Chen, Xinfeng

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

211

Allen Clement1 , Harry Li1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BAR Primer Allen Clement1 , Harry Li1 , Jeff Napper1 , Jean-Philippe Martin2 , Lorenzo Alvisi1 , Mike Dahlin1 1 University of Texas at Austin, 2 Microsoft Research Cambridge 1 {aclement, harry, jmn synchronous Repeated Terminating Reliable Broadcast (R- TRB) problem statement, leads to a provably BAR

Alvisi, Lorenzo

212

A=7Li (59AJ76)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

59AJ76) (See the Energy Level Diagram for 7Li) GENERAL: See also Table 7.1 Table of Energy Levels (in PDF or PS). Theory: See (AU55, DA55, LA55A, AB56, FE56, KU56, ME56, FE57C,...

213

Forensic Computing Xiang Li and Jennifer Seberry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forensic Computing Xiang Li and Jennifer Seberry #3; Abstract Technology is rapidly changing continuously improve to keep one step ahead. Computer forensics has become a specialized and accepted forensic software is also widely used during the whole process of computer forensic investigation

Seberry, Jennifer

214

LS-l36  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

l36 l36 December 1988 Ambient Ground Motion at the 7 GeV Site at Argonne National Laboratory over Extended TIe Periods by J. A. Jendrzejczyk,Z. Nagy, and R. K. Smith Background Successful operation of the APS facilty requires a very stable particle beam. Vibration coupled through mechanical systems, such as magnet supports, beam tube supports, and other paths can cause deterioration of the particle beam. There are two sources of vibration: external, or farfìeld, which is generated external to the APS site and internal, or near field, which is generated on site and associated with operation of the facility. ì. " Internal vibration sources can be controlled or minimied using good design ',, practices to eliminate or reduce vibration amplitudes of machinery

215

LS-16 S. Kim  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

S. Kim March 20, 1985 Parameters and Spectral Brilliance of the Aladdin Undulators This note shows tunable ranges of photon energies and the brilliances for different undulator periods and electron beam parameters. 1. Undulator Parameter Undulator parameters of Table 1 are generated with a minimum gap of 3.5 em and with a peak field B on the axis of the undulator where B 1.30 x 0.95 exp(- ng/A u )' undulator gap, undulator period. (1) Here a filling factor for the assembly of the undulator is assumed to be 95%. 2. Electron Beam Parameter The horizontal and vertical beam emittances are determined by a coupling constant K2 and natural emittance £xo: ~ / (1 + K2), c.. xo Parameters of beam size and beam divergence are related as = (6 £ )1/2 x,y ,

216

ls.dvi  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

MEASUREMENT MEASUREMENT OF GAS BREMSSTRAHLUNG FROM THE INSERTION DEVICE BEAMLINES OF THE ADVANCED PHOTON SOURCE M. Pisharody and P.K. Job Experimental Facilities Division Advanced Photon Source S. Magill, J. Proudfoot, and R.Stanek High Energy Physics Division Argonne National Laboratory 9700 S. Cass Ave., Argonne, IL-60439 March 1997 Acknowledgements The authors wish to thank Mark Kee e for his assistance in designing the hardware for the lead glass calorimeter mount, Bill McHargue for providing the attenuator circuit module and associated electronics, and Brian Rodricks for his help with the data acquisition DAQ components and software. We are also thankful to Ed Se- mones for his help in the residual gas analysis RGA e ort, and Don Jankowski for his technical assistance. Special acknowledgements to Harold Moe for his valuable suggestions during the course of

217

LS Note NNN  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

8 8 ACIS Design Compliance with Principal Accelerator Safety Interlock Design Requirements Martin Knott December 2004 ______________________________________________________________________________ Table of Contents 1 Introduction.............................................................................................................................. 2 2 Compliance with Accelerator Safety Interlock Design Requirements .................................... 2 2.1 Accelerator Safety Order 5480.25 Guidance for an Accelerator Safety Program, September 1, 1993........................................................................................... 2 2.2 SLAC 327 Health Physics Manual of Good Practices for Accelerator Facilities, 1988..............................................................................................................

218

LS-9 T. Khoe  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

9 9 T. Khoe January 22, 1985 The Effects of Trapped Ions in an Electron Storage Ring The fast electrons of the beam will ionize the residual gas molecules. The detached electron will be lost on the vacuum chamber wall. The slow ions will be focused when they are in the potential well of the electron beam and defocused during the remaining time. The equations of motion of the ions may be written in the form 2 l-lhere l.Il x 2 -l.Il (t) z. z a a+b when the ions are in the potential well of the electron beam and 2 l.Il X 2 nie b 2 - "EM a+b ' l.Il z o 2 n.e 1 a - €M a+b o when the ions are between the electron bunches. z Nota tion: ne = electron densi ty ni = ion density a = radial beam size b vertical beam size H ion mass eo _1_10- 9 361T In general, the vertical emittance is smaller than the radial emittance. For

219

LS-1.50  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

.50 .50 H. Bizek and \V. Chou T1mp h 1 aan v ................. '-', ...I..'-"VV Study of Transverse Loss Factor for the Tapered Sections in the APS Storage Ring 1 Transverse loss factor power lavv In the 7-GeV Advanced Photon Source (APS) storage ring, the tapered sections are considered to be the main contributor to the transverse impedance. The· structure is shown in Fig. 1. The large tube represents the beam chamber, and the small one the insertion device (ID) section. Both are connected by a tapered transition with angle B. This note presents a power law dependence of the transverse loss factor on the taper angle for this structure. \Ve define a normalized taper angle ¢ by (1) which is dimensionless and varies between 1 and 0 when the transition length L changes

220

LS-104 S. Ohnuma  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4 4 S. Ohnuma February 1988 Correction of Closed Orbit Distortions in the Horizontal Direction 1. Many computer programs with a vari ety of algorithms exi st for controlling the closed orbit in synchrotrons. One of the more recent reports on this subject explains how the closed orbit was established in the Fermilab Tevatron on "Day One" and how it is manipulated during routine operations.1 In most synchrotrons, the beam position monitors and the steering dipoles are located side by side and algorithms such as the familiar three-bump orbits are easy to understand. When a beam is kicked at alocationIIA", the resulting beam displacement at another 1 ocation -B" downstreami s proportional to sin(à~) where à~ is the betatron phase advance from

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li lime ls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

LS-I06  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

6 6 5. Ohnuma February 1988 Tune Shifts Caused by Horizontal Closed. Orbit Deviations in Sextupoles I. Introduction One of the uncomfortable features of the Chasman-Green lattice is that the chromaticity-correcting sextupoles are all very strong compared with those in the FOOD-type lattice. Because of their strengths, when their arrangement creates certai n harmoni c components, the dynami c aperture is severely reduced and one is forced to add more sextupoles to eliminate harmful harmonic components. In the 7-GeV ring, four sextupoles are planned in each cell for this purpose in addition to three per cell for controlling chromat i c it i es. 1. harmonic sextupoles 51 (two/cell) 52 (two/cell) (B"i/Bp) in (meters)-2 1.902 -3.696 2. chromaticity sextupoles So (two/cell)

222

LS-14 T. Khoe  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of the Booster Synchrotron Injection energy Maximum energy Magne t radius Magne tic fie Id: at inj ec tion maximum rise time closed orbit length energy gain Synchrotron...

223

LS-144 M. Choi  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

was written to solve the two dimensional heat conduction problem with the distributed heat generation. This program uses a non-uniform grid system as shown in Figure (1-1)....

224

LS-88 W. Chou  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

natural to combine the two methods together to get a more complete picture of the vibration - emittance growth problem. For a single vibration frequency f of the ground, the...

225

LS- W. Chou  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

March 12, 1989 March 12, 1989 (Rev. June 12, 1989) Negative Transverse Impedance 1 Introduction In Ref. (1) we report an observation that the horizontal and the vertical loss factors have opposite signs for several types of geometries. Recently, measurements in the SPS show that the coherent tune shift in the horizontal direction has positive values whereas that in the vertical direction has negative ones. (2) Thus, the existence of negative trans- verse impedance gets confirmed in a real machine. This stimulates us to start a new round of systematic studies on this interesting phenomenon. The results obtained from our computer simulations are presented in this note. It is known that, for a circularly symmetric geometry, the transverse wakefield has a positive first peak. This has been discussed in detail by A. W. Chao. (3) After having

226

http://lez1.pppl.gov/pub/LiWTokamak.ps http://lez1.pppl.gov/pub/LiWTokamak.pdf  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

inlet V Li stream Li stream Plasma Plasma edge Electrode Insulator Electrode Li outlet Helium atmosphere liquid lithium (Li) streams covering the plasma facing surface of the vacuum chamber. There are several. On the other hand, the low temperature of the Li streams with a continuously refreshed plasma facing surface

Zakharov, Leonid E.

227

Ultrathin Spinel LiMn2O4 Nanowires as High Power Cathode Materials for Li-Ion Batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ultrathin Spinel LiMn2O4 Nanowires as High Power Cathode Materials for Li-Ion Batteries Hyun materials as cathode in lithium ion batteries because of its intrinsic low-cost, environmental friendliness that enhances the contact between active material grains and electrolyte. In particular, LiMn2O4 nanorods

Cui, Yi

228

Performance study of commercial LiCoO2 and spinel-based Li-ion cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Performance study of commercial LiCoO2 and spinel-based Li-ion cells P. Ramadass, Bala Haran, Ralph White, Branko N. Popov* Department of Chemical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA Received 20 April 2002; accepted 29 April 2002 Abstract The performance of Cell-Batt1 Li-ion

Popov, Branko N.

229

Nonequilibrium Phase Transformation and Particle Shape Effect in LiFePO4 Materials for Li-Ion Batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-induced nonequilibrium phenomenon in Li-ion batteries. A theoretical anal- ysis is presented to show for Li-ion batteries as power sources in transporta- tion and future energy landscape requires transformaiton in Li ion batteries, especially on meta- stable miscibility gap distortion and discharge behaviors

Liu, Fuqiang

230

Making Li-air batteries rechargeable: material challenges  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Li-air battery could potentially provide three to five times higher energy density/specific energy than conventional batteries, thus enable the driving range of an electric vehicle comparable to a gasoline vehicle. However, making Li-air batteries rechargeable presents significant challenges, mostly related with materials. Herein, we discuss the key factors that influence the rechargeability of Li-air batteries with a focus on nonaqueous system. The status and materials challenges for nonaqueous rechargeable Li-air batteries are reviewed. These include electrolytes, cathode (electocatalysts), lithium metal anodes, and oxygen-selective membranes (oxygen supply from air). The perspective of rechargeable Li-air batteries is provided.

Shao, Yuyan; Ding, Fei; Xiao, Jie; Zhang, Jian; Xu, Wu; Park, Seh Kyu; Zhang, Jiguang; Wang, Yong; Liu, Jun

2013-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

231

Asymptotic normalization coefficients for B-8 -> Be-7+p from a study of Li-8 -> Li-7+n  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Table I. See text for further explanation. Potentials Cp3/2 2 Cp1/2 2 Cp1/2 2 Cp3/2 2 x2 Angular ~entrance/exit! (fm21) (fm21) fit range ~deg! POT1/POT1 0.378 0.044 0.117 1.9 0?30 POT2/POT2 0.367 0.045 0.124 5.1 0?30 POT1/average 0.369 0... their contribu- tions to be disentangled. To determine the ANCs for 8Li ? 7Li1n , (C7Li,3/2 8Li )2 and (C7Li,1/2 8Li )2 ~denoted below as Cp3/2 2 and Cp1/2 2 ), we need to know the ANC (C12C,1/2 13C )2. However, the ratio of the ANCs in 8Li can...

Trache, L.; Azhari, A.; Carstoiu, F.; Clark, HL; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Lui, YW; Mukhamedzhanov, AM; Tang, X.; Timofeyuk, N.; Tribble, Robert E.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Anisotropic Compton Scattering in LiF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Both experimental measurement and theoretical calculations of the Compton profiles of LiF indicate a significant anisotropy in the electron momentum distribution whereas published x-ray structure-factor data indicate a lack of anisotropy in the charge density. In this paper we show that momentum distributions can be orders of magnitude more sensitive to anisotropy in the electron distributions than x-ray structure factors, at least in materials where the overlap of the wave functions is small.

W. A. Reed; P. Eisenberger; F. Martino; K. -F. Berggren

1975-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

233

Optical properties of LiF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we examine the optical properties of LiF. The fundamental calculations performed are a self-consistent Hartree-Fock band-structure calculation. As has been found previously, such a calculation has substantial errors when compared with experiment. Correlation corrections are needed and are included by means of the electronic-polaron method. The usual electronic polaron is extended to include short-range polarization corrections which the usual model neglects but which are peculiarly large for LiF. The energy bands are evaluated directly by the linear-combination-of-local-basis-functions method along with the crystal wave functions for 89 points in the irreducible wedge of the first Brillouin zone. Using these results and the Lemann-Taut interpolation scheme the density of states, the joint density of states, and the imaginary part of the dielectric function are computed. These results which neglect the formation of excitons and "plasmons" are in poor agreement with experiment. The effect of the exciton formation is included by a Koster-Slater one-bandone-site calculation. We find that the inclusion of exciton effects substantially improves the level of agreement with experiment. This is in direct contrast with recent work of Menzel et al. in which energy-band theory alone is found to account for the optical properties of LiF. This disagreement is discussed in detail.

Daniel J. Mickish; A. Barry Kunz; T. C. Collins

1974-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

234

J. Am. Chem. SOC.1993, 115, 3475-3483 3415 Structure of Lithium Hexamethyldisilazide (LiHMDS) in the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

J. Am. Chem. SOC.1993, 115, 3475-3483 3415 Structure of Lithium Hexamethyldisilazide (Li of 6Li and I5N isotopically labeled lithium hexamethyldisilazide ([6Li]LiHMDSand [6Li,15N solvation of monomers, dimers, and triple ions [e.g., R2N-Li-NRz-//+LiS4] are readily monitored. Excess (>2

Collum, David B.

235

Effect of Lime-Induced Leaf Chlorosis on Ochratoxin A, trans-Resveratrol, and ?-Viniferin Production in Grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) Berries Infected by Aspergillus carbonarius  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Chlorosis occurrence was evaluated by a visual rating scale at veraison, and the leaves from vines growing on the calcareous soil showed the typical yellowing, whereras those grown on the neutral soil were dark green. ... The increased incidence of infected berries under lime stress conditions might be related to an impaired plant secondary metabolism, making the vine more susceptible to diseases; the physiological mechanisms were not investigated in the present research, but we can assume that the nutritional disorder affects, by means of the mineral nutrion of the vine, the balance between primary and secondary metabolic pathways. ...

Luigi Bavaresco; Silvia Vezzulli; Silvia Civardi; Matteo Gatti; Paola Battilani; Amedeo Pietri; Federico Ferrari

2008-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

236

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Chaun-Yuan Li  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Chaun-Yuan Li Chaun-Yuan Li Radiation Biology Research, Duke University Medical Center Funded Projects Molecular Characterization of the Role of SOD Genes in Mammalian Cellular Response to Low Dose Ionizing, abstract, description. Technical Abstracts 2006 Workshop: The Roles of Superoxide Dismutage (SOD) in Low Dose Radiation Induced Adaptive Response Yang, Z., Chuang, E., Batinic-Haberle, I., and Li, C.-Y. 2005 Workshop: Molecular Characterization of the Roles of SOD Genes in Mammalian Cellular Response to Low Dose Radiation Li, C.-Y., Guo, Z., Yang, Z., and Chuang, E. 2003 Workshop: Molecular Characterization of the Roles of SOD Genes in Mammalian Cellular Response to Low Dose Radiation Li, C.-Y. and Chuang, E. Publications Li, F., Sonveaux, P., Rabbani, Z.N., Liu, S., Yan, B., Huang, Q.,

237

Characterization of Li-rich xLi2MnO3(1?x)Li[MnyNizCo1?y?z]O2 as cathode active materials for Li-ion batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We have investigated the crystallographical, morphological, and electrochemical behaviors of synthesized four different compositions of xLi2MnO3(1?x)Li[MnyNizCo1?y?z]O2 cathode active materials using X-ray diffractometer (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM), and galvanostatic cycler. The four different compositions of cathode active materials demonstratea commonly angular shape of primary particles, but agglomerated spherical shape in appearance. All the attempted compositions of xLi2MnO3(1?x)Li[MnyNizCo1?y?z]O2 cathodes deliver a specific discharge capacity of between 220 and 242mAh/g at room temperature when cycled between 2.5 and 4.6V versus Li/Li+ at C/10 rate.

Yong Nam Jo; K. Prasanna; Suk Joon Park; Chang Woo Lee

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

LI, W. K. W. Annual average abundance of heterotrophic bacteria ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ern Indian Ocean: The southwest and northeast monsoon, .... Data for Synechococcus in the Indian ... ly for 6 yr over the deepest point of the basin (Li et al.

239

Protection of Li Anodes Using Dual Phase Electrolytes  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

cells with high energy anode and dual-phase electrolyte systems Partners BASF SE, Germany * Development of Li-S battery materials 3 Relevance. Project Objectives. * Develop a...

240

Conductivity and dielectric constants of LiD  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The dielectric constant of LiD has been measured in the frequency region 5-500 kHz at different temperatures up to 340 C. Compared to the results of other workers, the LiD conductivity curves are found to be displaced slightly to lower values than those of LiH. Furthermore, it is also proved that the high ac-conductivity values found by other workers at low temperature in the case of LiH correspond not to true conductivity but are caused by reorientation of complexes. Activation energies corresponding to the motion of a free cation vacancy or the reorientation of complexes have been determined.

P. Varotsos

1974-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li lime ls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Automotive Li-ion Battery Cooling Requirements | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Automotive Li-ion Battery Cooling Requirements Presents thermal management of lithium-ion battery packs for electric vehicles cunningham.pdf More Documents & Publications...

242

Role of the Li+ node in the Li-BH4 substructure of double-cation tetrahydroborates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The phase diagram of combined alkaline light-metal and heavy-metal borohydrides is explored and revealed to be surprisingly rich. The Li cation is revealed to be a versatile node, allowing for three- and fourfold connectivity in the same structure. Topologies of the Li-BH4 substructure range from isolated chains to three-dimensional frameworks as a function of Li content.

Schouwink, P.

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Impedance behavior of the LiMn2O4/LiPF6-DMC-EC interface during cycling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Room temperature impedance measurements of the LiMn2O4/LiPF6-EC-DMC interface have been used to identify a previously unreported step in the formation of the SEI layer on this cathode. The low frequency impedance and potential of pure dense LiMn2O4 films was found to depend logarithmically on time in the end-of-discharge (EOD) state. The rate of the impedance rise decreased with Mn3+ content. The increased impedance was removed by oxidation of the film to 4.5 V vs. Li/Li+. The observations are consistent with a reversible disproportionation of part of the LiMn2O4 into Li2Mn2O4 and l-Mn2O4. Analyses of cyclic voltammograms and impedance spectra at intervals during constant current cycling of the LiMn2O4 films suggest that Li2Mn2O4 on the surface also plays a major role in the capacity fade.

Striebel, Kathryn A.; Sakai, Eiji; Cairns, Elton J.

2000-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

244

Compton profiles of LiF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

?-ray Compton profiles of LiF with the scattering vector along the , , and axes are reported. Both the absolute profiles and their anisotropy are derived from a tight-binding model and compared with experiments. The overall agreement between theory and experiment is found to be satisfactory for all three directions. Recent calculations of Euwema et al. are compared with the present work and found to predict incorrect anisotropies, particularly at small momentum transfers. It is also shown that momentum distributions can be orders of magnitude more sensitive to anisotropy in the electron distributions than x-ray structure factors, at least in materials where overlap of the wave functions is small.

K. -F. Berggren; F. Martino; P. Eisenberger; W. A. Reed

1976-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

245

Cross Relaxation in LiF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A combined experimental and theoretical study of cross relaxation in LiF has been carried out. In agreement with theory, the cross-relaxation time T21 is observed to be strongly anisotropic and field dependent; at 51.7 gauss it goes from 0.025 second in the [100] direction to 7 seconds in the [111] direction. A frequency distribution function analogous to the line shapes for magnetic absorption is measured down to 10-4 times the maximum value; for most orientations a Gaussian is an excellent approximation to it.

P. S. Pershan

1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Ionization threshold of crystalline LiF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ionization threshold for crystalline LiF is calculated using a cluster embedded model. The experimental ionization threshold is 9.8 eV; however, previous band and cluster model calculations gave 1415 eV. These earlier calculations used a crystal having a perfect lattice. In the present work, a crystal with lattice defects is introduced. The calculated surface and bulk ionization thresholds are 8.1 and 8.7 eV, respectively, showing good correspondence with experiment. The electron affinity and other band parameters are also studied.

Hiroshi Tatewaki

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Liquid Sampling-Atmospheric Pressure Glow Discharge (LS-APGD) Ionization Source for Elemental Mass Spectrometry: Preliminary Parametric Evaluation and Figures of Merit  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new, low power ionization source for the elemental analysis of aqueous solutions has recently been described. The liquid sampling-atmospheric pressure glow discharge (LS-APGD) source operates at relatively low currents (<20 mA) and solution flow rates (<50 ?L min-1), yielding a relatively simple alternative for atomic mass spectrometry applications. The LS-APGD has been interfaced to what is otherwise an organic, LC-MS mass analyzer, the Thermo Scientific Exactive Orbitrap without any modifications; other than removing the electrospray ionization (ESI) source supplied with that instrument. A glow discharge is initiated between the surface of the test solution exiting a glass capillary and a metallic counter electrode mounted at a 90 angle and separated by a distance of ~5 mm. As with any plasma-based ionization source, there are key discharge operation and ion sampling parameters that affect the intensity and composition of the derived mass spectra; including signal-to-background ratios. We describe here a preliminary parametric evaluation of the roles of discharge current, solution flow rate, argon sheath gas flow rate, and ion sampling distance as they apply on this mass analyzer system. A cursive evaluation of potential matrix effects due to the presence of easily ionized elements (EIEs) indicate that sodium concentrations of up to 500 ?g mL-1 generally cause suppressions of less than 50%, dependant upon the analyte species. Based on the results of this series of studies, preliminary limits of detection (LOD) have been established through the generation of calibration functions. Whilst solution-based concentrations LOD levels of 0.02 2 ?g mL-1 3 are not impressive on the surface, the fact that they are determined via discrete 5 ?L injections leads to mass-based detection limits at picogram to singlenanogram levels. The overhead costs associated with source operation (10 W d.c. power, solution flow rates of <50 ?L min-1, and gas flow rates <10 mL min-1) are very attractive. While further optimization in the source design is suggested here, it is believed that the LS-APGD ion source may present a practical alternative to inductively-coupled plasma (ICP) sources typically employed in elemental mass spectrometry.

Quarles, C. Derrick; Carado, Anthony J.; Barinaga, Charles J.; Koppenaal, David W.; Marcus, R. Kenneth

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Develop high energy high power Li-ion battery cathode materials : a first principles computational study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as cathode materials for Li-ion battery. Physica B-CondensedHigh Energy High Power Li-ion Battery Cathode Materials AHigh Energy High Power Li-ion Battery Cathode Materials A

Xu, Bo; Xu, Bo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Anodic polymerization of vinyl ethylene carbonate in Li-Ion battery electrolyte  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ethylene Carbonate in Li-Ion Battery Electrolyte Guoyingof a commercial Li-ion battery electrolyte containing 2 %are an important part of Li-ion battery technology yet their

Chen, Guoying; Zhuang, Guorong V.; Richardson, Thomas J.; Gao, Liu; Ross Jr., Philip N.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Optical-Model Parameters for the C-12(li-7,li-7)c-12 Reaction at 63 and 78.7 Mev  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of energies via simple changes in the depths of the potentials, NUCLEAR REACTIONS ~2 C('Li, 'Li) and ~2 C{'Li,'Li') E('Li)=68 and 78.7 MeV; measured o-{&); deduced optical model parameters; deduced deformation lengths for YLi* and C*. Natural targets, DWBA... the most forward angle elastic scattering cross sections with several OM parameter sets; the 1980The American Physica1 Society OPTICAL MODEL PARAMETERS FOR THE ~2 C(7Li, 7Li). . . normalization factor was treated as a free para- meter. The magnitude...

Zeller, A. F.; Lui, YW; Tribble, Robert E.; Tanner, D. M.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

I I LI I L I  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

LI LI - I L I 1 II C c - ORNL/RASA-9618 OAK RlDGE NATlONAl. LA8ORATORY Results of the Independent Radiological Verification Survey at B&T Metals, 425 West Town Street, Columbus, Ohio (cooolv) M . E. Murray V. P. Patania C. A. Johnson M N M E D *wD OPEbM~ B V WUCNEEDllW?ME IWiARCH CoRpoRAng FoRTHEwITf@%tATeB ltEpAAMwTmBMeR(Ly ORNL-27 (34el ~~- L._~ This report has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Avaiiable to DOE and DOE contractors from the Office of Scientific and Technical information, P.O. Box 62, Oak Ridge, TN 3783 1; prices available from (615) 576-8301, FlS 626-8401. Available to the public from the National Technical Information Service, U.S. Department of Commerce, 5285 Port Royal Rd., Springfield, VA 22161. This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the

252

DEUTERONBEAMINTERACTIONWITH Li JET FOR A NEUTRONSOURCE TEST FACILITY*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DEUTERONBEAMINTERACTIONWITH Li JET FOR A NEUTRONSOURCE TEST FACILITY* A. Hassanein Argonne National Laboratory 9700 South Cass Avenue Argonne, Illinois 60439 USA The submitted manurript has teen authored Interaction with Li Jet for a NeutronSource Test Facility* A. Hassanein Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne

Harilal, S. S.

253

Development of High Energy Cathode for Li-ion Batteries  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

the theoretical capacity of LiMnPO 4. * Flat voltage plateau at 4.1 V indicates the phase transition between LiMnPO 4 and MnPO 4 . * At 1C and 2C rate (PHEV constant output)...

254

Infrared absorption in LiF polymers and microcrystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Infrared absorption spectra are reported for LiF in various stages of aggregation. Starting with monomers and dimers the degree of aggregation is increased to include more complex polymers until the transition is made to microcrystals and finally to bulk. The samples were prepared at helium temperature by the simultaneous condensation of argon and LiF vapor onto a transparent substrate. The argon matrix served the purpose of separating the LiF aggregates without strongly interacting with them. Although LiF vapor contains only monomers and dimers, larger polymers could be formed in the matrix by increasing the concentration of LiF. For concentrations of 2%, more than 20 distinct polymer lines could be seen in the infrared absorption spectrum. At concentrations of 7%, the LiF polymer lines abruptly disappear and a single broad surfacephonon absorption, characteristic of microcrystals, emerges. The surface-phonon frequency slowly shifts with increasing LiF concentration until it coincides with the bulk absorption peak at the long-wavelength transverse-optical phonon frequency. This shift is due to the increased dipolar interaction between microcrystals as they are brought closer together. The infrared absorption spectra of small regular polymers of LiF were calculated and compared with experiment. It appears that the infrared spectrum is much more influenced by the shape of the polymer than by its size.

T. P. Martin

1977-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

255

Lithium Lorentz Force Accelerator Thruster (LiLFA)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lithium Lorentz Force Accelerator Thruster (LiLFA) Adam Coulon Princeton University Electric originally came from the MAI (Moscow Aviation Institute) Russia · Many Princeton graduate students have #12;LiLFA Thruster · Lithium vapor ionizes in the electric field · A current evolves in the plasma

Petta, Jason

256

Significant Cost Improvement of Li-Ion Cells Through Non-NMP...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Significant Cost Improvement of Li-Ion Cells Through Non-NMP Electrode Coating, Direct Separator Coating, and Fast Formation Technologies Significant Cost Improvement of Li-Ion...

257

Thermal Instability of Olivine-Type LiMnP04 Cathodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the presence of a Li-ion battery electrolyte, delithiatedion battery electrolyte is also evaluated, and its impact on the safety of high energy phosphate Li-

Chen, Guoying

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

An attempt to study LiH and Li{sub 2} molecules by high resolution pulsed laser spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As we start a program to study alkali hydrides and dimers, we have developed a two-step photoionisation experiment on Li{sub 2} molecules based on the use of an atomic beam and two pulsed dye lasers. The first resonant step which excites the A {sup 1}{sigma}{sub u}{sup +}-X {sup 1}{sigma}{sub g}{sup +}Li{sub 2} dimer systems is a home-made cw-seeded DCM dye laser with a laser linewidth of 55 MHz (FWHM) and near the Fourier transform limit. The second step is a larger width fixed frequency UV laser which allows the photoionisation of the selectively excited molecules. The three {sup 6}Li{sub 2}, {sup 6}Li {sup 7}Li and {sup 7}Li{sub 2} spectra are recorded simultaneously by the use of a doubly-accelerating time-of-flight ion analyser. Comparison between recorded and calculated absorption spectra using Dunham parameters found in the literature is satisfactory. To develop similar pulsed high-resolution investigations in LiH, we have characterized our molecular beam by using the laser induced fluorescence (LIF) technique with a cw blue dye laser. Two Franck-Condon LiH Doppler-free resonances have been observed.

Bouloufa, Nadia; Cabaret, Louis; Cacciani, Patrice; Camus, Pierre; Pitcheev, Boris; Vetter, Raymond [Laboratoire Aime Cotton, CNRS II, Bat 505, Campus d'Orsay, 91405 Orsay Cedex (France)

1998-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

259

The single-electrode Peltier heats of Li-Al alloy electrodes in LiCl-KCl eutectic system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents the single-electrode Peltier heat of cathodic (or anodic) reaction of Li-Al alloy electrode in a coexisting phase state, or an intermetallic compound phase state estimated by thermoelectric-power measurement. The thermoelectric-power measurements of Li-Al alloys in various coexisting phase states were carried out with both potentiometric and potential-sweep methods in the LiCl-KCl eutectic system between 673 and 843 K. The values of the thermoelectric power of Li-Al alloys calculated by using thermodynamic literature data were in good agreement with those obtained by experiment. The single-electrode Peltier heat changes drastically with change of its phase state, and it was found that the formation reactions of [beta] (Li[sub 0.5]Al[sub 0.5]) and [gamma] (Li[sub 0.6]Al[sub 0.4]) phases are exothermic, and those of liquid phase from [beta] and [gamma] phase are endothermic. The single-electrode Peltier heat for the cathodic formation reaction of Li-Al alloy in intermetallic compound [gamma] phase is estimated to be exothermic by using the measured values of thermoelectric powers of Li-Al alloys in ([beta] + [gamma]) and ([gamma] + liq.) regions.

Amezawa, Koji; Ito, Yasuhiko; Tomii, Yoichi (Kyoto Univ. (Japan))

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Li2NiO2 as a Novel Cathode Additive for Overdischarge Protection of Li-Ion Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As the fuel-cell voltage reaches the plateau region, the anode voltage is also saturated around 3.6 V (vs Li/Li+) where the anodic copper dissolution is estimated to occur. ... Numerical simulation for the discharge behaviors of batteries in series and/or parallel-connected battery pack ...

Hochun Lee; Sung-Kyun Chang; Eun-Young Goh; Jun-Yong Jeong; Jae Hyun Lee; Hyeong-Jin Kim; Jeong-Ju Cho; Seung-Tae Hong

2007-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li lime ls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Page 366 Courses: Political Science (POLS) Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog poLS 311 Modern poLitiCAL tHougHt: MACHiAVeLLi to oBAMA (4)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Page 366 Courses: Political Science (POLS) Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog poLS 311 Modern poLitiCAL tHougHt: MACHiAVeLLi to oBAMA (4) Examination of the major writings from Machiavelli AMeriCAn poLitiCAL tHougHt (4) An examination of the development of American political ideas

Ravikumar, B.

262

LiCl dehumidifier/LiBr absorption chiller hybrid air conditioning system with energy recovery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This invention relates to a hybrid air conditioning system that combines a solar powered LiCl dehumidifier with a LiBr absorption chiller. The desiccant dehumidifier removes the latent load by absorbing moisture from the air, and the sensible load is removed by the absorption chiller. The desiccant dehumidifier is coupled to a regenerator and the desiccant in the regenerator is heated by solar heated hot water to drive the moisture therefrom before being fed back to the dehumidifier. The heat of vaporization expended in the desiccant regenerator is recovered and used to partially preheat the driving fluid of the absorption chiller, thus substantially improving the overall COP of the hybrid system.

Ko, S.M.

1980-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

263

LiCl dehumidifier LiBr absorption chiller hybrid air conditioning system with energy recovery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This invention relates to a hybrid air conditioning system that combines a solar powered LiCl dehumidifier with a LiBr absorption chiller. The desiccant dehumidifier removes the latent load by absorbing moisture from the air, and the sensible load is removed by the absorption chiller. The desiccant dehumidifier is coupled to a regenerator and the desiccant in the regenerator is heated by solar heated hot water to drive the moisture therefrom before being fed back to the dehumidifier. The heat of vaporization expended in the desiccant regenerator is recovered and used to partially preheat the driving fluid of the absorption chiller, thus substantially improving the overall COP of the hybrid system. 4 figs.

Ko, S.M.

1980-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

264

CI L C C I LI C  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

CI CI L C C - I LI C c C I I I I I I I L rr ORNL/RASA-94/l 0t-t. 27-6 \O [I ,-' :..L, &ml OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY RESULTS OF THE RADIOLOGICAL SURVEY at the former HERRING-HALL-MARVIN SAFE COMPANY (3rd Floor) 1550 Grand Boulevard, Hamilton, Ohio (HOOOl) M. E. Murray C. A. Johnson MANA6ED BY MARTIN MARIETTA ENERGY SYSTEMS, INC. FOR THE UNITE0 STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENEMY This report has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, P.O. Box 62, Oak Ridge, TN 37831; prices available from (615) 576-8401, FTS 6268401. Available to the public from the National Technical Information Service, U.S. Department of Commerce, 5285 Port Royal Rd., Springfield, VA 22161.

265

Microsoft Word - li_z.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Impact of the Vertical Variation of Cloud Droplet Size Impact of the Vertical Variation of Cloud Droplet Size on the Estimation of Cloud Liquid Water Path and Its Potential for Rain Detection Z. Li, R. Chen, and F-L Chang Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center, University of Maryland College Park, Maryland Introduction Liquid water path (LWP) is an important cloud microphysical property that determines the climatic effects of boundary layer clouds. Satellites provide the only means of acquiring global and long-term LWP estimates. The LWP is estimated from satellite measurements of either microwave radiation emitted by the cloud or visible/near infrared (NIR) solar reflectance from the cloud. LWP can be retrieved from the microwave signature emitted by cloud droplets. Microwave retrievals of

266

Recycling of Li-Ion Batteries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 1 Linda Gaines Center for Transportation Research Argonne National Laboratory Recycling of Li-Ion Batteries Illinois Sustainable Technology Center University of Illinois We don't want to trade one crisis for another!  Battery material shortages are unlikely - We demonstrated that lithium demand can be met - Recycling mitigates potential scarcity  Life-cycle analysis checks for unforeseen impacts  We need to find something to do with the used materials - Safe - Economical 2 We answer these questions to address material supply issues  How many electric-drive vehicles will be sold in the US and world-wide?  What kind of batteries might they use? - How much lithium would each battery use?  How much lithium would be needed each year?

267

Formation of silver nanoparticles inside a soda-lime glass matrix in the presence of a high intensity Ar{sup +} laser beam  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Formation and motion of the silver nanoparticles inside an ion-exchanged soda-lime glass in the presence of a focused high intensity continuous wave Ar{sup +} laser beam (intensity: 9.2 x 10{sup 4} W/cm{sup 2}) have been studied in here. One-dimensional diffusion equation has been used to model the diffusion of the silver ions into the glass matrix, and a two-dimensional reverse diffusion model has been introduced to explain the motion of the silver clusters and their migration toward the glass surface in the presence of the laser beam. The results of the mentioned models were in agreement with our measurements on thickness of the ion-exchange layer by means of optical microscopy and recorded morphology of the glass surface around the laser beam axis by using a Mirau interferometer. SEM micrographs were used to extract the size distribution of the migrated silver particles over the glass surface.

Niry, M. D.; Khalesifard, H. R. [Department of Physics, Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences (IASBS), Zanjan 45137-66731 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Optics Research Center, Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences (IASBS), Zanjan 45137-66731 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Mostafavi-Amjad, J.; Ahangary, A. [Department of Physics, Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences (IASBS), Zanjan 45137-66731 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Azizian-Kalandaragh, Y. [Department of Physics, Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences (IASBS), Zanjan 45137-66731 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Department of Physics, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili (UMA), P.O. Box 179, Ardabil (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Effects of Nonaqueous Electrolytes on Primary Li-Air Batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effects of nonaqueous electrolytes on the performance of primary Li-air batteries operated in dry air environment have been investigated. Organic solvents with low volatility and low moisture absorption are necessary to minimize the change of electrolyte compositions and the reaction between Li anode and water during the discharge process. The polarity of aprotic solvents outweighs the viscosity, ion conductivity and oxygen solubility on the performance of Li-air batteries once these latter properties attain certain reasonable level, because the solvent polarity significantly affects the number of tri-phase regions formed by oxygen, electrolyte, and active carbons (with catalyst) in the air electrode. The most feasible electrolyte formulation is the system of LiTFSI in PC/EC mixtures, whose performance is relatively insensitive to PC/EC ratio and salt concentration. The quantity of such electrolyte added to a Li-air cell has notably effects on the discharge performance of the Li-air battery as well, and a maximum in capacity is observed as a function of electrolyte amount. The coordination effect from the additives or co-solvents [tris(pentafluorophenyl)borane and crown ethers in this study] also greatly affects the discharge performance of a Li-air battery.

Xu, Wu; Xiao, Jie; Wang, Deyu; Zhang, Jian; Zhang, Jiguang

2010-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

269

Threshold for Potential Sputtering of LiF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have measured total sputtering yields for impact of slow ( ?100 eV) singly and doubly charged ions on LiF. The minimum potential energy necessary to induce potential sputtering (PS) from LiF was determined to be about 10 eV. This threshold coincides with the energy necessary to produce a cold hole in the valence band of LiF by resonant neutralization. This allows the first unambiguous identification of PS induced by cold holes. Further stepwise increase of the sputtering yield with higher projectile potential energies provides evidence for additional defect-mediated sputtering mechanisms operative in alkali halides.

G. Hayderer; M. Schmid; P. Varga; H P. Winter; F. Aumayr; L. Wirtz; C. Lemell; J. Burgdrfer; L. Hgg; C. O. Reinhold

1999-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

270

Carbonophosphates: A New Family of Cathode Materials for Li-Ion Batteries Identified Computationally  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Carbonophosphates: A New Family of Cathode Materials for Li-Ion Batteries Identified ABSTRACT: The tremendous growth of Li-ion batteries into a wide variety of applications is setting new applications from portable electronics to electric vehicles. A critical element of a Li-ion battery is the Li

Ceder, Gerbrand

271

Effect of tab design on large-format Li-ion cell performance , Gang Luo b  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Model a b s t r a c t Large-format Li-ion batteries are essential for vehicle and grid energy storage. Today, scale-up of Li-ion cells has not maximized the potential of available battery materials, leading a sustainable energy future. How to unlock the potential of existing Li battery materials and scale up Li-ion

272

Mechanism and Significance of Post-Translational Modifications in the Large (LS) and Small (SS) Subunits of Ribulose-1,5 Bisphosphate Carboxylase/Oxygenase  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project focused on a molecular and biochemical characterization of the protein methyltransferases responsible for methylation of the LS and SS in Rubisco, and the associated functional consequences accompanying these modifications. Our results provided some of the most informative structural and mechanistic understandings of SET domain protein methyltransferases. These results also positioned us to provide the first unambiguous assignment of the kinetic reaction mechanism for SET-domain protein methyltransferases, and to design and engineer an alternative substrate for Rubisco LSMT, enabling substrate specificity and functional significance studies. We demonstrated that the minimal substrate recognized by Rubisco LSMT is free lysine as well as monomethyllysine, an observation corroborated both by structural analyses as well as enzymatic activity and subsequent product distribution analyses. Ternary complexes between Rubisco LSMT and free lysine compared to complexes with monomethyllysine demonstrated that the structural basis for multiple methyl group additions is a consequence of hydrogen-bond driven spatial shifts in the amino group of Lys-14, which maintains the direct in-line geometry necessary for SN2 nucleophilic attack. The structural observations are also consistent with the previous proposal that the multiplicity of methyl group additions takes place through a processive mechanism, with successive methyl group additions to an enzyme protein complex which does not disassociate prior to the formation of trimethyllysine. This mechanism has important implications, since the regulation of gene expression by SET domain histone methyltransferases is not only dependent on site-specific lysine methylation, but also the degree of methylation. We examined the kinetic reaction mechanism for three different types of SET domain protein methyltransferases, each under conditions supporting mono-, di-, or trimethyllysine formation corroborated by product analyses. Additionally, the tight initial binding of Rubisco LSMT to Rubisco also allowed us to design a novel immobilized complex between Rubisco and Rubisco LSMT, which allowed for an unambiguous demonstration of the requirement for trimethyllysine formation prior to disassociation of the Rubisco LSMT:Rubisco complex, and therefore proof of the processive mechanism for methyl group transfer. These kinetic studies also demonstrated that an important factor has been overlooked in all kinetic analyses of SET domain protein methyltransferases reported to date. This factor is the influence of the low turnover number for SET domain protein methyltransferases and how, relative to the time-frame of kinetic enzyme assays, this can generate changes in kinetic profiles shifting reciprocal plot patterns from random/ordered bi-bi to the real kinetic reaction mechanism plots of ping-pong. Although the ternary complexes of Rubisco LSMT with S-Adenosylhomocysteine and lysine and monomethyllysine were informative in regard to reaction mechanism, they were not helpful in identifying the mechanism used by Rubisco LSMT for determining substrate specificity. We were unsuccessful at obtaining ternary complexes of Rubisco LSMT with bound synthetic polypeptide substrates, as has been reported for several histone methyltransferases. However, we were able to model a polypeptide sequence corresponding to the N-terminal region of the LS of Rubisco into the apparent substrate binding cleft in Rubisco LSMT. Knowledge of the determinants of polypeptide substrate specificity are important for identifying possible alternate substrates, as well as the possibility of generating more desirable substrates amenable to site-directed mutagenesis experiments unlike Rubisco. We determined that Rubisco LSMT is capable of methylating synthetic polypeptide mimics of the N-terminal region of the LS, both free as well as conjugated to keyhole limpet hemacyanin, but with considerable less efficiency than intact holoenzyme.

Houtz, Robert, L.

2012-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

273

LiDAR (Laney, 2005) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LiDAR (Laney, 2005) LiDAR (Laney, 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: LiDAR (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Unspecified Exploration Technique LiDAR Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Design of Sampling Strategies to Detect CO2 Emissions From Hidden Geothermal Systems, Lewicki, Oldenburg and Kennedy. The objective of this project is to investigate geothermal CO2 monitoring in the near surface as a tool to discover hidden geothermal reservoirs. A primary goal of this project is to develop an approach that places emphasis on cost and time-efficient near-surface exploration methods and yields results to guide and focus more cost-intensive geophysical measurements, installation of

274

Batteries - Next-generation Li-ion batteries Breakout session  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Next-generation Li-ion batteries Next-generation Li-ion batteries EV Everywhere Workshop July 26, 2012 Breakout Session #1 - Discussion of Performance Targets and Barriers Comments on the Achievability of the Targets * Overall, everything is achievable, but, clearly, the cost targets are dramatic, particularly for AEV 300. (I have discussed this with Yet-Ming Chiang, who has a good feel for cost reductions, both their importance and interesting approaches.) * AEV 100 achievable with a good silicon/graphite composite anode and LMRNMC (unsure timeline) * AEV 300 would require cycleable Li-metal anode and UHVHC cathode (can't get there with Li-ion intercalation on both electrodes) (unsure timeline) Barriers Interfering with Reaching the Targets * Pack - too high a fraction of inactive materials/inefficient engineering designs.

275

Stability of polymer binders in Li-O2 batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A number of polymers with various chemical structures were studied as binders for air electrodes in Li-O2 batteries. The nature of the polymer significantly affects the binding properties in the carbon electrodes thus altering the discharge performance of Li-O2 batteries. Stability of polymers to the aggressive reduced oxygen species generated during discharge was tested by ball milling them with KO2 and Li2O2, respectively. Most of the polymers decomposed under these conditions and mechanisms of the decompositions are proposed for some of the polymers. Polyethylene was found to have excellent stability and is suggested as robust binder for air electrodes in Li-O2 batteries.

Nasybulin, Eduard N.; Xu, Wu; Engelhard, Mark H.; Nie, Zimin; Li, Xiaohong S.; Zhang, Jiguang

2013-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

276

Aerosol Synthesis Of Cathode Materials For Li-Ion Batteries.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Rapid advancement of technologies for production of next-generation Li-ion batteries will be critical to address the Nation's need for clean, efficient and secure transportation system (more)

Zhang, Xiaofeng

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Development of High Capacity Anode for Li-ion Batteries  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

stability of Si-based anode. 4 Milestones * Synthesize and characterize TiO 2 Graphene and SnO 2 Graphene nano-composite as anode for Li-ion batteries. - on going *...

278

Micro-arc oxidation coatings on Mg-Li alloys  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Micro-arc oxidation (MAO) method was used for the...in-situ fabricated on the Mg-Li alloy. The morphology feature, phase composition, and corrosion-resistance of the formed ceramic coatings were studied by SEM, X...

Yongjun Xu; Kang Li; Zhongping Yao; Zhaohua Jiang; Milin Zhang

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Methods and preliminary measurement results of liquid Li wettability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A test of lithium wettability was performed in high vacuum (< 3 10{sup ?4} Pa). High magnification images of Li droplets on stainless steel substrates were produced and processed using the MATLAB{sup } program to obtain clear image edge points. In contrast to the more standard ?/2 or polynomial fitting methods, ellipse fitting of the complete Li droplet shape resulted in reliable contact angle measurements over a wide range of contact angles. Using the ellipse fitting method, it was observed that the contact angle of a liquid Li droplet on a stainless steel substrate gradually decreased with increasing substrate temperature. The critical wetting temperature of liquid Li on stainless steel was observed to be about 290?C.

Zuo, G. Z., E-mail: zuoguizh@ipp.ac.cn; Hu, J. S.; Ren, J.; Sun, Z.; Yang, Q. X.; Li, J. G. [Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031 (China)] [Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031 (China); Zakharov, L. E.; Mansfield, D. K. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, MS-27 P.O. Box 451, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States)] [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, MS-27 P.O. Box 451, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

280

Transport and Failure in Li-ion Batteries | Stanford Synchrotron...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Li-ion Batteries Monday, February 13, 2012 - 1:30pm SSRL Conference Room 137-322 Stephen J. Harris, General Motors R&D While battery performance is well predicted by the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li lime ls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

High Voltage Electrolytes for Li-ion Batteries  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

FY09 and FY10 * 400K (DOE) Timeline Budget Barriers * Argonne National Laboratory * Saft Batteries * University of Maryland Partners * State-of-the-art LiPF 6 Carbonate...

282

A novel fast UCN detector based on the 6Li doped glass scintillators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. 110 (2005)) 6Li doped glass scintillators (LPC Caen) ( G. Ban et al, NIM A 611 (2009)) Gas detector + 10B conversion layer (Heidelberg) based on GEM technology (CASCADE U detector, http://www.n-cascade Natural content of 6Li GS10 Depleted in 6Li GS30 6Li fraction (%) 95 7.5 0.01 6Li density (cm-3) 2.2 x

Titov, Anatoly

283

Single Nanorod Devices for Battery Diagnostics: A Case Study on LiMn2O4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

correlate well with the better cycling performance of Al-doped LiMn2O4 in our Li-ion battery tests: LiAl0Single Nanorod Devices for Battery Diagnostics: A Case Study on LiMn2O4 Yuan Yang, Chong Xie nanostructure devices as a powerful new diagnostic tool for batteries with LiMn2O4 nanorod materials

Cui, Yi

284

Comparison of Small Polaron Migration and Phase Separation in Olivine LiMnPO? and LiFePO? using Hybrid Density Functional Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using hybrid density functional theory based on the Heyd-Scuseria-Ernzerhof (HSE06) functional, we compared polaron migration and phase separation in olivine LiMnPO? to LiFePO?. The barriers for free hole and electron ...

Ong, Shyue Ping

285

Complete fusion in 7Li+144,152Sm reactions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Complete fusion cross sections for 7Li+144,152Sm reactions have been measured at energies around the Coulomb barrier by offline ?-counting technique. Measured cross sections for the above two reactions are found to be similar at energies well above the Coulomb barrier, however, at sub-barrier energies the cross sections for the 7Li+152Sm system are much higher compared to the 7Li+144Sm system, manifesting the effect of target deformation. Cross sections for the present reactions at above-barrier energies are found to be larger than previously measured reactions involving 6Li projectile with the same targets, possibly due to smaller breakup probability of 7Li than 6Li. Coupled-channels calculations show that the experimental fusion cross sections for both the systems are enhanced at subbarrier energies and suppressed at above-barrier energies compared to the respective one-dimensional barrier penetration model predictions. The calculations by different models show that the measured complete fusion cross sections at above-barrier energies are suppressed up to ?25% compared to the theoretical predictions. It also reveals that a large part of the suppression could be due to inelastic and transfer coupling.

P. K. Rath, S. Santra, N. L. Singh, B. K. Nayak, K. Mahata, R. Palit, K. Ramachandran, S. K. Pandit, A. Parihari, A. Pal, S. Appannababu, Sushil K. Sharma, D. Patel, and S. Kailas

2013-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

286

Sr doped Co substituted Li nickelate cathode materials for Li cells with improved cycling and thermal stability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Samples of cathode material were synthesized from a highly dispersed precursor ... thin film of Li-borate glass. The cathode active material (CAM) was mixed with 15wt. ... and pressed on thin Al discs. The cathodes

R. Moshtev; P. Zlatilova; S. Vassilev

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

The partially reversible formation of Li-metal particles on a solid Li electrolyte: applications toward nanobatteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The feasibility of large-scale implementation of Li-air batteries (LABs) hinges on understanding the thermodynamic and kinetic factors that control charge-discharge rates, efficiency and life times. Here, the kinetics of bias-induced reactions is explored locally on the surface of Li-ion conductive glass ceramics, a preferred electrolyte for LABs, using direct current-voltage and strain spectroscopies. Above a critical bias, particle growth kinetics were found to be linear in both the bias and time domains. Partial reversibility was observed for Li particles as evidenced by the presence of anodic peaks following the Li{sup +} reduction, as well an associated reduction in particle height. The degree of reversibility was highest for the smallest particles formed. These observations thus suggest the possibility of producing nanobatteries with an active anode volume of the order of 0.1 al.

Arruda, Thomas M [ORNL; Kumar, Amit [ORNL; Kalinin, Sergei V [ORNL; Jesse, Stephen [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Thermal processes in the systems with Li-battery cathode materials and LiPF6 -based organic solutions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermodynamic instability of positive electrodes (cathodes) in Li-ion batteries in humid air and battery solutions results in capacity fading and batteries degradation, especially at elevated temperatures. In thi...

Ortal Haik; Francis Susai Amalraj

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Modeling High-energy Light curves of the PSRB125963/LS 2883 Binary Based on 3D SPH Simulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Temporal changes of X-ray to very high energy gamma-ray emissions from the pulsar-Be-star binary PSRB125963/LS 2883 are studied based on three-dimensional smoothed particle hydrodynamic simulations of pulsar wind interaction with Be-disk and wind. We focus on the periastron passage of the binary and calculate the variation of the synchrotron and inverse-Compton emissions using the simulated shock geometry and pressure distribution of the pulsar wind. The characteristic double-peaked X-ray light curve from observations is reproduced by our simulation under a dense Be-disk condition (base density ~109 g cm3). We interpret the pre- and post-periastron peaks as being due to a significant increase in the conversion efficiency from pulsar spin-down power to the shock-accelerated particle energy at orbital phases when the pulsar crosses the disk before periastron passage, and when the pulsar wind creates a cavity in the disk gas after periastron passage, respectively. On the contrary, in the modelTeV light curve, which also shows a double-peak feature, the first peak appears around the periastron phase. The possible effects of cooling processes on theTeV light curve are briefly discussed.

J. Takata; A. T. Okazaki; S. Nagataki; T. Naito; A. Kawachi; S.-H. Lee; M. Mori; K. Hayasaki; M. S. Yamaguchi; S. P. Owocki

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

(K4Li4)Al8Ge8O328H2O: an Li+-exchanged potassium aluminogermanate with the zeolite gismondine (GIS) topology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The title microporous material, (K,Li)-(Al,Ge)-GIS, namely lithium potassium dialuminium digermanium octaoxide dihydrate, is the result of a 50% Li+ exchange into the K-(Al,Ge)-GIS structure. A structural change occurs due to disordering of K+ ions with Li+ ions along [001] and ordering of water molecules along [101].

Celestian, A.J.

2003-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

291

Reaction Mechanisms in the Li3AlH6/LiBH4 and Al/LiBH4 Systems for Reversible Hydrogen Storage. Part 1: H capacity and Role of Al  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lithium-based complex hydrides, including lithium aluminum hydrides (LiAlH4, Li3AlH6) and lithium borohydride (LiBH4), are some of the most attractive materials for hydrogen storage due to their high hydrogen contents. In the present work, we investigated the hydrogen storage properties of combined systems of Li3AlH6-LiBH4 and Al-LiBH4, both of which exhibit favorable hydrogen storage properties owing to the formation of AlB2 during dehydrogenation. TGA data showed that TiCl3-doped Li3AlH6/2LiBH4 and 0.5Al/LiBH4 release ~ 8.8 and ~ 8.4 wt.% H2, respectively, with ~ 3.8 and ~ 5.8 wt.% release after rehydrogenation of the dehydrogenation product. XRD results identified LiH and AlB2 phases in the dehydrogenated products, which has suggested a mechanism by which Al contributes to the remarkable improvement of the reversible storage properties of LiBH4 in terms of the temperature and pressure for H2 release/uptake.

Choi, Young Joon; Lu, Jun; Sohn, Hong Yong; Fang, Zhigang Zak

2011-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

292

DFT+U Study of Polaronic Conduction in Li2O2 and Li2CO3: Implications for Li-Air Batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

power systems for automobiles. Electric vehicles (EVs) represent one of the main alternatives source. However, the present electric vehicles, powered by Li ion batteries, are limited in power in the cities produced by the fossil fuel-powered vehicles (FFVs) is forcing the development of alternative

Thygesen, Kristian

293

Transient Loss Performance of a Class of Finite Buffer Queueing Systems GuangLiang LI \\Lambda FangMing LI Bo LI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transient Loss Performance of a Class of Finite Buffer Queueing Systems Guang­Liang LI \\Lambda Fang systems usually focuses on Markov models. This paper, in con­ trast, presents an analysis of transient on the arrival process will affect transient loss behavior of the queueing system. We also discuss how

Cui, Jun-Hong

294

Chem 115Lithium-Halogen ExchangeMyers RLi + R'X RX + R'Li  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chem 115Lithium-Halogen ExchangeMyers RLi + R'X RX + R'Li Lithium-halogen exchange reactions are essentially inert. 2 t-BuLi t-BuI + RLi t-BuLi isobutene + isobutane + LiI Lithium-halogen exchange reactions, and lithium iodide. H OEtBr H H OEtLi H1.1 eq n-BuLi Et2O, !80 °C Lau, K. S.; Schlosser, M. J. Org. Chem. 1978

295

The influence of LiDAR pulse density on the precision of inventory metrics in young unthinned Douglas-fir stands during initial and subsequent LiDAR acquisitions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

LiDAR is an established technology that is increasingly being used to characterise spatial variation in stand metrics used in forest inventory. As the cost of LiDAR acquisition markedly declines with LiDAR pul...

Michael S Watt; Andrew Meredith; Pete Watt

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Qing'an Li - Argonne National Laboratories, Materials Sicence Division  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

EM > Qing'an Li EM > Qing'an Li Qing'an Li Scientific Associate Sr Bldg. 223, A-113 Phone: 630-252-3996 This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Biography Qing'an Li was an Assistant Research Scientist at Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences after receiving his doctorate in July 1993 working on superconducting electronics. He was a postdoctoral fellow at University of Tokyo, Japan working on superconducting electronics in 1996. In 1997, he became a Visiting Scientist (postdoc) at the Materials Science Division of the Argonne National Laboratory, and started to study the transport properties of colossal magnetoresistance (CMR) materials in the Emerging Materials group. At the Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Li was an Associated Research Scientist in 2000, a Research scientist, and Professor in 2001, working on magnetic and transport properties of transition metal oxides. In 2006, he visited the Materials Science Division of the Argonne National Laboratory as a Visiting Scientist, working on the transport properties of intermetallic compounds of rare-earth and transition metals, transition metal oxides, etc. and became a Scientific Associate Sr. in Emerging Materials group in 2009.

297

F Band in Isotopically Enriched LiF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of isotopic composition on the optical obsorption spectrum of the F center in LiF has been investigated. The results of measurements on single crystals of x-ray irradiated Li6F (almost 96% lithium-6) and Li7F (almost 100% lithium-7) indicate that the average F-band width at half-maximum in the former is larger by about 3% at liquid-helium temperature, and by about 1% at room temperature. Theory shows that the half-widths in the two isotopic forms vary inversely as the fourth root of the mass of the alkali ions at low temperature, and as the temperature is increased the predicted half-width difference monotonically decreases to zero. The predicted half-width difference at low temperatures is about 4%, and at room temperature about 1%, both in reasonable agreement with experiment. At both room and liquid-helium temperatures the position of the F-band maximum in Li7F is slightly displaced to higher energy than in Li6F. The peak-position shift is in approximate agreement with the contributions arising from the difference in alkali mass and lattice constant of the two crystals as estimated at low temperature.

Herbert Rabin and Michael Reich

1964-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

298

High Performance Cathodes for Li-Air Batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overall objective of this project was to develop and fabricate a multifunctional cathode with high activities in acidic electrolytes for the oxygen reduction and evolution reactions for Li-air batteries. It should enable the development of Li-air batteries that operate on hybrid electrolytes, with acidic catholytes in particular. The use of hybrid electrolytes eliminates the problems of lithium reaction with water and of lithium oxide deposition in the cathode with sole organic electrolytes. The use of acid electrolytes can eliminate carbonate formation inside the cathode, making air breathing Li-air batteries viable. The tasks of the project were focused on developing hierarchical cathode structures and bifunctional catalysts. Development and testing of a prototype hybrid Li-air battery were also conducted. We succeeded in developing a hierarchical cathode structure and an effective bifunctional catalyst. We accomplished integrating the cathode with existing anode technologies and made a pouch prototype Li-air battery using sulfuric acid as catholyte. The battery cathodes contain a nanoscale multilayer structure made with carbon nanotubes and nanofibers. The structure was demonstrated to improve battery performance substantially. The bifunctional catalyst developed contains a conductive oxide support with ultra-low loading of platinum and iridium oxides. The work performed in this project has been documented in seven peer reviewed journal publications, five conference presentations, and filing of two U.S. patents. Technical details have been documented in the quarterly reports to DOE during the course of the project.

Xing, Yangchuan

2013-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

299

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Jian Jian Li  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Jian Jian Li Jian Jian Li School of Health Sciences, Purdue University Newly Funded Projects Regulation of NF-kB and Mn SOD in Low Dose Radiation-Induced Adaptive Responses in Mouse and Human Skin Cells, abstract, description. Technical Abstracts 2006 Workshops: NF-kB Mediated Signaling Network in Low Dose X-Ray Induced Adaptive Protection on Mouse and Human Skin Epithelial Cells Ahmed, K.M., Fan, M., Spitz, and Li, J.J. 2005 Workshops: Adaptive Response of Mouse Skin Epithelial Cells to Low Dose Ionizing Radiation: Induction of NF-κB, MnSOD, 14-3-3ζ and Cyclin B1. Li, J.J., Ahmed, K.M., Fan, M., Dong, S., Spitz, D.R., and Yu, C.-R. 2003 Workshops: Gene Expression Profiles of Human Skin Keratinocytes Exposed to Acute and Chronic Ionizing Radiation Li, J.J., Ozeki, M., Wang, T., Tamae, D., Nelson, D., Wyrobek, A., and

300

LS-96(11-8-88) LS-96 S. Kramer  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

n ) 1. The frequencies are then f2 nf 1 * Although this need not be the case (i.e., f1 and f2 need only be harmonically related to f o )' operationally this harmonic...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li lime ls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Partially sulfated lime-fly ash sorbents activated by water or steam for SO{sub 2} removal at a medium temperature  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Laboratory experiments were conducted to investigate the reactivity of partially sulfated lime-fly ash sorbents activated by water or steam for SO{sub 2} removal. Sulfation tests were performed at 550{sup o}C using a fixed bed reactor under conditions simulating economizer zone injection flue gas desulfurization. Activation experiments were conducted with water or steam using a range of temperatures between 100 and 550{sup o}C. The results showed that the reactivity of the sorbents was closely related to the content of Ca(OH){sub 2} formed in the activation process, which varied with the water or steam temperature. The sulfur dioxide capture capacity of Ca(OH){sub 2} in the sorbent is higher than that of CaO at a medium temperature. Water or steam temperatures in the range of 100-200{sup o}C are favorable to the formation of Ca(OH){sub 2} from CaO. 15 refs., 8 figs., 2 tabs.

Liming Shi; Xuchang Xu [Tsinghua University, Beijing (China). Department of Thermal Engineering

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Generation of alkali-free and high-proton concentration layer in a soda lime glass using non-contact corona discharge  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Formation mechanisms of alkali-free and high-proton concentration surfaces were investigated for a soda lime glass using a corona discharge treatment under an atmospheric pressure. Protons produced by high DC voltage around an anode needle electrode were incorporated into a sodium ion site in the anode side glass. The sodium ion was swept away to the cathode side as a charge carrier. Then it was discharged. The precipitated sodium was transformed to a Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3} powder when the surface contacted with air. The sodium ion in the glass surface layer of the anode side was replaced completely by protons. The concentration of OH groups in the layer was balanced with the amount of excluded sodium ions. The substitution reaction of sodium ions with protons tends to be saturated according to a square root function of time. The alkali depletion layer formation rate was affected by the large difference in mobility between sodium ions and protons in the glass.

Ikeda, Hiroshi; Sakai, Daisuke; Nishii, Junji [Research Institute for Electronic Science, Hokkaido University, N20 W10, Kita-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido 001-0020 (Japan)] [Research Institute for Electronic Science, Hokkaido University, N20 W10, Kita-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido 001-0020 (Japan); Funatsu, Shiro [Production Technology Center, Asahi Glass Co., Ltd., 1-1 Suehiro-cyo, Tsurumiku, Yokohama, Kanagawa 230-0045 (Japan)] [Production Technology Center, Asahi Glass Co., Ltd., 1-1 Suehiro-cyo, Tsurumiku, Yokohama, Kanagawa 230-0045 (Japan); Yamamoto, Kiyoshi; Suzuki, Toshio [Research Center, Asahi Glass Co., Ltd., 1150 Hazawa-cho, Kanagawa-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa 221-8755 (Japan)] [Research Center, Asahi Glass Co., Ltd., 1150 Hazawa-cho, Kanagawa-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa 221-8755 (Japan); Harada, Kenji [Department of Computer Science, Kitami Institute of Technology, 165 Koen-cho, Kitami, Hokkaido 090-8507 (Japan)] [Department of Computer Science, Kitami Institute of Technology, 165 Koen-cho, Kitami, Hokkaido 090-8507 (Japan)

2013-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

303

The Decays of Luminescent KBr and LiF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A photo-multiplier, together with electronic pulse techniques, has been used to investigate the luminescent decay of KBr and LiF after irradiation with x-rays, at various temperatures. Decay curves plotted on a log-log scale are linear for KBr at 21C and for LiF at 21C and 0C, with an average slope of 1.2. The curves for KBr at 0C and the temperature of dry ice and acetone have linear upper and lower parts, connected by an intermediate curved part. It is suggested that the upper linear part is due to the decay of F? centers, and the lower part to the decay of F centers. The emission spectrum of KBr consists of 2 bands, a strong one centered at 4550A and a weaker one at 5300A, while that of LiF extends into the ultraviolet below 3000A.

A. H. Morrish and A. J. Dekker

1950-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

304

In-situ raman microscopy of individual LiNi0.8Co0.15Al0.05O2 particles in the Li-ion battery composite cathode  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2 Particles in the Li-ion Battery Composite Cathode Jingleidegradation of various Li-ion battery systems has been the

Lei, Jinglei; McLarnon, Frank; Kostecki, Robert

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Li/Ca, B/Ca, and Mg/Ca Composition of Cultured Sea Urchin Spines and Paleo-Echinoderms Measured Using a Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Benthic Foraminiferal Li/Ca: Insights into Cenozoic seawaterFig. 2). More recently, Li/Ca ratios in inorganic calciteresulting in higher Li/Ca ratios in calcite. a. 12 Li/Ca (

Nguyen, Trung Timothy Do

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Lifetime of 981-Kev State in Li-8  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PHYSICAL REVIEW C VOLUME 3, NUMBER 2 FEBRUARY 1971 Lifetime of the 981-keV State in Li ~ M. J. Throop* University of Iosoa, Iozea City, Ious 52240 and D. H. Youngblood Texas A. @M University, College Station, Texas 77843 and G. C. Morrison...- tify contaminant peaks, spectra were obtained for C and 0 targets at a Liv energy of 7.4 MeV. In Fig. 2, the peaks from the Li7+ C reaction are those at 871 keV (from the 0.871 0.0-MeV trans- ition in 0") and at 960 keV (the double-escape peak from...

Throop, M. J.; Youngblood, David H.; Morrison, G. C.

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Electronic and structural properties of LiBeH3  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a recent paper, A. W. Overhauser Phys. Rev. B 35, 411 1987 suggested that LiBeH3 could be a metal with a very large electron density, in the range attributed to the metallic phases of hydrogen, and that it could share the properties often envisioned for metallic hydrogen, including high-temperature superconductivity. Band-structure and total-energy calculations for LiBeH3 suggest that it is an ionicly bonded insulator with only half the density assumed by Overhauser. It is therefore a poor candidate for a metal with a large electron density.

Jos Lus Martins

1988-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

308

Superplastic behavior of Al-Li 2090 OE-16 (ALCOA)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SUPERPLASTIC BEHAVIOR OF AL-LI 2090 OE-16 (ALCOA) A Thesis by LAMBROS STAMATIOU DOUSKOS Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1991... Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering SUPERPLASTIC BEHAVIOR OF AL-LI 2090 OE-16 (ALCOA) A Thesis By LAMBROS STAMATIOU DOUSKOS Approved as to style and content by: R. E. oforth (Chair o Committee) alur N. S inivasan (Member) . J. Fox, R (Member...

Douskos, Lambros Stamatiou

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Low-Cost Graphite and Olivine-Based Materials for Li-Ion Batteries...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Low-Cost Graphite and Olivine-Based Materials for Li-Ion Batteries Low-Cost Graphite and Olivine-Based Materials for Li-Ion Batteries Presentation from the U.S. DOE Office of...

310

Effects of Laser Energy and Wavelength on the Analysis of LiFePO4...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Laser Energy and Wavelength on the Analysis of LiFePO4 Using Laser Assisted Atom Probe Tomography. Effects of Laser Energy and Wavelength on the Analysis of LiFePO4 Using Laser...

311

Thermal end effects on electroosmotic flow in a capillary Xiangchun Xuan, David Sinton, Dongqing Li *  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thermal end effects on electroosmotic flow in a capillary Xiangchun Xuan, David Sinton, Dongqing Li [16,17] etc.). Using caged-dye based flow visualization, Sinton and Li [18] found a slight curvature

Xuan, Xiangchun "Schwann"

312

Thermal Instability of Olivine-Type LiMnP04 Cathodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Standard for Lithium Batteries, document 1642, 3 rd Edition,of high energy phosphate Li-ion batteries is discussed. 2.g. Thermal runaway of Li-ion batteries occurs when the heat

Chen, Guoying

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Investigation of the Rechargeability of Li-O2 Batteries in Non...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the Rechargeability of Li-O2 Batteries in Non-aqueous Electrolyte. Investigation of the Rechargeability of Li-O2 Batteries in Non-aqueous Electrolyte. Abstract: In order to...

314

Development of Cell/Pack Level Models for Automotive Li-Ion Batteries...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

CellPack Level Models for Automotive Li-Ion Batteries with Experimental Validation Development of CellPack Level Models for Automotive Li-Ion Batteries with Experimental...

315

Revisit Carbon/Sulfur Composite for Li-S Batteries. | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Revisit CarbonSulfur Composite for Li-S Batteries. Revisit CarbonSulfur Composite for Li-S Batteries. Abstract: To correlate the carbon properties e.g. surface area and porous...

316

Effects of electrolyte salts on the performance of Li-O2 batteries...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

electrolyte salts on the performance of Li-O2 batteries. Effects of electrolyte salts on the performance of Li-O2 batteries. Abstract: It is well known that the stability of...

317

Multi-scale Characterization Studies of Aged Li-ion Battery Materials for Improved Performance.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Among various electrical energy storage devices the recent advances in Li-ion battery technology has made this technology very promising. Li-ion batteries can be used (more)

Nagpure, Shrikant C.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Develop high energy high power Li-ion battery cathode materials : a first principles computational study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Layered, Li-Excess Lithium-Ion Battery Electrodeof the Layered, "Li-Excess" Lithium-Ion Battery ElectrodeCATION MIGRATION IN LITHIUM EXCESS NICKEL MANGANESE OXIDES

Xu, Bo; Xu, Bo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Template Free Synthesis of LiV3O8 Nanorods as a Cathode Material...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Template Free Synthesis of LiV3O8 Nanorods as a Cathode Material for High-Rate Secondary Lithium Batteries . Template Free Synthesis of LiV3O8 Nanorods as a Cathode Material for...

320

Thermal analyses of LiCoO2 lithium-ion battery during oven tests  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A three dimensional thermal abuse model for graphite/LiPF6/LiCoO2 batteries is established particularly for oven tests. To ... of heat release condition and oven temperature on battery thermal behaviors, we perfo...

Peng Peng; Yiqiong Sun; Fangming Jiang

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li lime ls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Co-synthesis of LiFePO4 and Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of LiFePO 4 and carbon nanotubes potentially bypassessynthesis of LiFePO 4 and Carbon Nanotubes James Wilcox* ,that multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs, Figure 1) and

Wilcox, James; Doeff, Marca M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Hollow Core-Shell Structured Porous Si-C Nanocomposites for Li...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hollow Core-Shell Structured Porous Si-C Nanocomposites for Li-Ion Battery Anodes. Hollow Core-Shell Structured Porous Si-C Nanocomposites for Li-Ion Battery Anodes. Abstract:...

323

Structure of the novel ternary hydrides Li4Tt2D (Tt = Si and Ge)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The crystal structures of novel Li4Tt2D (Tt = Si and Ge) ternary hydrides were solved using neutron powder diffraction data. All hydrogen atoms were found to occupy Li6-octahedral interstices.

Wu, H.

2007-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

324

Advanced Li-Ion Polymer Battery Cell Manufacturing Plant in USA...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Li-Ion Polymer Battery Cell Manufacturing Plant in USA Advanced Li-Ion Polymer Battery Cell Manufacturing Plant in USA 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle...

325

ls284_97.PDF  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Stability of the APS Storage Ring Stability of the APS Storage Ring ∗ ∗ H. Friedsam, M. Penicka, J. Error Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois, USA 1. INTRODUCTION The Advanced Photon Source (APS), a third-generation synchrotron light source, was commissioned in 1995 at Argonne National Laboratory and has been fully operational for beamline users since 1997. The APS storage ring can accommodate up to 68 user beamlines (Figure 1); about 70% of the available beamlines are currently in use by various collaborative access teams (CATs). The 7-GeV synchrotron light source produces light in the soft to hard x-ray range that is used for research in such areas as x-ray instrumentation; material, chemical and atomic sciences; biology; and geo/soil/ environmental sciences [1].

326

Microsoft Word - ls278.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CALCULATING BPM COEFFICIENTS WITH GREEN'S RECIPROCATION CALCULATING BPM COEFFICIENTS WITH GREEN'S RECIPROCATION THEOREM S. H. Kim March 4, 1999 1. Introduction and Conclusion For a highly relativistic charged beam, the Lorentz contraction compresses the electromagnetic field of the beam into the 2-D transverse plane. This results in the induced currents on the beam chamber wall having the same longitudinal intensity modulation as the charged beam. When the wavelength of the beam intensity modulation is large compared to the dimensions of the button electrodes, which are used as beam position monitors (BPMs), the calculation of the induced currents on the buttons may be simplified as a 2-D electrostatic problem. For four-button BPMs, vertical and horizontal signals are monitored from the differences in the induced charges between the top and bottom, and right and left buttons,

327

LS-133 S. L. Kramer  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3 3 S. L. Kramer August 1988 SPECIFICATION OF 11UTIPOLE TOLERACES FOR TH APS QUADRUPOLE MAGNET This note will address a proposed method for specifying the multipole tolerance for the design and production of APS quadrupole magnets. The tolerances for the multipole components for the quadrupole magnets will be set to that level which reduces the dynamic aperture by about 10-15% from the ideal machine dynamic aperture (as specified in CDR-87). This level may appear rather stringent, especially compared to the 50-60% reduction resulting from quad placement errors. However, when all tolerances are taken together, the residual dynamic aperture would be prohibitively small and commissioning would be difficult if these tolerances were at twice this level. The dynamic

328

thesis_ls_note.dvi  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Longitudinal Longitudinal Coupling Impedance of a Hole In the Accelerator Beam Pipe Yong-Chul Chae Advanced Photon Source Project Argonne National Laboratory 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL 60439 December 1993 i Abstract In the design of modern accelerators, an accurate estimate of coupling impedance is very important. The sources which give rise to coupling impedance are the geo- metric discontinuities in the accelerator beam pipe. In various discontinuities such as RF cavities, bellows, and collimators, the coupling impedance of the holes has not been well understood. Although coupling impedance can be obtained in general from the Fourier transform of the corresponding wake potential which may be obtained numerically, this is time consuming and requires a large amount of computer storage when applied to a small dimension of a discontinuity in a typical beam pipe, often imposing a fundamental

329

Microsoft Word - ls295.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Radiological Considerations for the Operation of the Radiological Considerations for the Operation of the Advanced Photon Source Storage Ring - Revised H. J. Moe September 24, 1997 1. General This report deals with the radiological considerations of operations using 7700-MeV positron and electron beams in the storage ring (SR) tunnel. The radiological considerations addressed include the following: prompt secondary radiation (bremsstrahlung, giant resonance neutrons, medium and high energy neutrons, and muons) produced by electrons/positrons interacting in a beam stop or by particle losses in the component structures; skyshine radiation, which produces a radiation field in nearby areas and at the nearest off-site location; radioactive gases produced by neutron irradiation of air in the vicinity of a particle loss site; noxious gases (ozone and others) produced in air by the

330

LS-68 S. L. Kramer  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

8 8 S. L. Kramer June 5, 1986 TOUSCHEK LIFETIME CALCULATIONS s. L. Kramer The Touschek lifetime calculated by Bruck(l) Eq. 30.17 2 .r; r cN e 1 dN C(e) N -- = --- = ----------~-- TT Ndt 6P (6P f)2V x r p = - is proportional to N(t). Therefore, the functional form of N(t) is not exponential, but rather given by(2) N o N(t) = -~~ H t 1 +-2.... a where No = N(t = 0) the number of particles in the bunch at time t = O. Since TT is usually calculated for N = No N then N( t) 0 = 1 +.-! TT At time t = TT' the number of particles in the bunch is N(t = 'T) = 1/2 No, i. e., 'T is a half lifetime. Then the time to decay to e- 1 is (1) 'e = 1.7183 'T. Care must be taken in using Eq. (1) because of the normalized units used for 6P x and 6P rf where

331

LS-86 T. K. Khoe  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

6 6 T. K. Khoe October 1988 SUPERCONDUCTING CAVITIES IN THE LIGHT SOURCE STORAGE RING The synchrotron radiation loss in the Conceptual Design Report (CDR) storage ring at the design energy of 6 GeV is 4.6 MeV per turn. At 7.7 GeV, the energy loss will increase to 12.5 MeV per turn. Instead of increasihg the ring circumference, one can increase the rf voltage per straight section by using superconducting cavities. Several laboratories (CERN, KEK, DESY) are making definite plans to use them. Accelerating fields of at least 3 MeV/m are obtained. The spherical and elliptical cavity shapes reduce the problem of multipactoring. The main problems of using superconducting cavities in "high current" storage are the input coupling of the fundamental mode and the

332

LS8548 2..5  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Internal Magnetic Field Fluctuations in a Reversed-Field Pinch by Faraday Rotation W. X. Ding, D. L. Brower, and S. D. Terry Electrical Engineering Department, University of...

333

Microsoft Word - ls280.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Advanced Photon Source 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL 60439 June 30, 1999 I. Introduction A low-energy undulator test line (LEUTL) is under construction at the...

334

LS-l Y. Cho  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The eta function shown in Fig. 1 has a magnification factor of ten and displaced by 2 ten in order to show the details. In Fig. 1, the insertion straight section is shown in...

335

Microsoft Word - ls311.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Achievable Magnetic Fields of Super-Ferric Helical Undulators Achievable Magnetic Fields of Super-Ferric Helical Undulators for the ILC S.H. Kim Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory Abstract - The magnetic fields on the beam axis of helical undulators for the proposed International Linear Collider (ILC) gamma-ray production were calculated for undulator periods of 10 mm and 12 mm. The calculation assumed the use of low-carbon steel for the magnetic poles and a beam chamber outer diameter of 6.3 mm. Using NbTi superconducting coils at 4.2 K, the on-axis field for a 10-mm-period undulator was 0.62 T at the critical current density. The field for a 12-mm undulator period was 0.95 T, which gives a K value of 1.06. The K value for an 11-mm undulator with Nb 3 Sn superconducting coils was estimated to about 1.1.

336

Develop high energy high power Li-ion battery cathode materials : a first principles computational study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

lithium battery cathode. Electrochemical and Solid Statebattery performance of LiMn2O4 cathode. Solid State Ionics,

Xu, Bo; Xu, Bo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C6, supplkment au no 11-12, Tome 32, Novembre-Dkcembre 1971,page C6-295 REACTIONS 14N('Li, 7Li)13NAND 14N('Li, 7Be)13CAT 32 MeV (*)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was bombarded with 32-MeV 6 ~ iions from the Argonne EN tandem Van de Graaff. Spectra of 'Li, 7Li and 7Be

Boyer, Edmond

338

Stochastic reconstruction and electrical transport studies of porous cathode of Li-ion batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Li-ion batteries through developing electrode materials [1e5], reducing size [6] and optimizing shape,13], as one of the main factors limiting Li-ion battery performance, has not been resolved. Fundamental the ulti- mate performance and stability. Theoretical work of Li-ion batteries has focused on macroscopic

Liu, Fuqiang

339

Electrolyte Stability Determines Scaling Limits for Solid-State 3D Li Ion Batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electrolyte Stability Determines Scaling Limits for Solid-State 3D Li Ion Batteries Dmitry Ruzmetov, all-solid-state Li ion batteries (LIBs) with high specific capacity and small footprint are highly to their high-energy density, Li ion batteries (LIBs) are attractive for these applications, and all-solid-state

Rubloff, Gary W.

340

Phase Transition Disappearance in Li1+?Mn2-?O4 Depended on Lithium Excess  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Manganese spinel LiMn2O4 may replace the commercial cathode material, LiCoO2, which is more expensive and toxic. Stoichiometric LiMn2O4 shows a phase transition from cubic (Fd3m) to orthorhombic (Fddd) structure ...

M. Molenda; R. Dziembaj

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li lime ls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Giant resonances in (24)Mg and (28)Si from 240 MeV (6)Li scattering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Elastic and inelastic scattering of 240 MeV (6)Li particles from (24)Mg and (28)Si were measured with the MDM spectrometer. Optical potential parameters for (6)Li+(24)Mg and (6)Li+(28)Si scattering systems were obtained by fitting elastic scattering...

Chen, X.; Lui, Y. -W; Clark, H. L.; Tokimoto, Y.; Youngblood, David H.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

The Senior University Ref. no. LiU-2010-00209  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

permeate all operations. LiU's long-term goals for the work environment are that LiU shall as an attractive work and study space. ! ! Work environment efforts LiU shall conduct work environment efforts' and the student unions. ! ! The work environment efforts shall be a natural part of all daily operations. In order

Zhao, Yuxiao

343

Graphene-enhanced hybrid phase change materials for thermal management of Li-ion batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Graphene-enhanced hybrid phase change materials for thermal management of Li-ion batteries incorporation leads to significant decrease in the temperature rise in Li-ion batteries. Graphene leads September 2013 Keywords: Battery Thermal management Graphene Phase change material a b s t r a c t Li

344

Passivation of Aluminum in Lithium-ion Battery Electrolytes with LiBOB  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pitting corrosion of aluminum in 1M LiTFSI. The protectiveAnodic Polarization of Aluminum in 1:1 EC+DMC with 1M LiBOBdeposited thin film of aluminum in 1:1 EC+DMC with 1M LiBOB.

Zhang, Xueyuan; Devine, Thomas M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Li2O Particulate Flow Concept, APPLE APEX Interim Report November, 1999  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Li2O Particulate Flow Concept, APPLE APEX Interim Report November, 1999 9-1 CHAPTER 9: Li2O PARTICULATE FLOW CONCEPT ­ APPLE DESIGN Contributors Lead Author: Dai Kai Sze Dai Kai Sze, Zhanhe Wang (ANL Particulate Flow Concept, APPLE APEX Interim Report November, 1999 9-2 9. LI2O PARTICULATE FLOW CONCEPT

California at Los Angeles, University of

346

Conduction in Multiphase ParticulateFibrous Networks Simulations and Experiments on Li-ion Anodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

promising Li-ion battery technologies incorporate nanoarchitectured carbon networks, typically in the form electronically February 7, 2003. Several promising Li-ion battery technologies incorporate nanoarchitecturedConduction in Multiphase Particulate?Fibrous Networks Simulations and Experiments on Li-ion Anodes

Sastry, Ann Marie

347

Engineering Recently, we created the first Li-ion electrochemical cell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

characterization of Li-ion battery materials. In this presentation, I'll first review our latest progress of using for understanding important processes in Li-ion batteries. For example, liquid cells are required in order impact on the design of Li-ion batteries. Finally I will discuss outstanding challenging issues

348

Electrochimica Acta 51 (2006) 20122022 A generalized cycle life model of rechargeable Li-ion batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­discharge model to simulate the cycle life behavior of rechargeable Li-ion batteries has been developed. The model and Newman [4] made a first attempt to model the parasitic reaction in Li-ion batteries by assuming a solvent and reversible capacity loss due to the growth and dissolution of SEI film in Li-ion batteries. Ramadass et al

Popov, Branko N.

349

NANOMATERIALS FOR HIGH CAPACITY LI-ION BATTERIES Taylor Grieve, Iowa State University, SURF 2009 Fellow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NANOMATERIALS FOR HIGH CAPACITY LI-ION BATTERIES Taylor Grieve, Iowa State University, SURF 2009 energy storage devices continues to grow. Lithium-ion (Li-ion) secondary, or renewable, batteries are of interest due to their high energy and power characteristics. Performance enhancements of Li- ion batteries

Li, Mo

350

Short communication Enhanced autonomic shutdown of Li-ion batteries by polydopamine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Short communication Enhanced autonomic shutdown of Li-ion batteries by polydopamine coated Accepted 9 July 2014 Available online 17 July 2014 Keywords: Li-ion batteries Thermal shutdown Polyethylene binder, applied onto a battery anode surface, dried, and incorporated into Li-ion coin cells. FTIR

Sottos, Nancy R.

351

Hao Li - Argonne National Laboratories, Materials Sicence Division  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

EM > Hao Li EM > Hao Li Hao Li Hao Li Postdoctoral Appointee Bldg. 223, A-110 This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Biography Hao joined Argonne as a postdoctoral appointee in January 2013. His current research is on the larger single crystal growth of semiconducting chalcohalides for X-ray and gamma-ray detection. One of the promising crystals is Tl6SeI4, which has shown a higher figure of merit than commercial CdZnTe. The target of his work is to grow detector-size and detector-grade single crystals using Bridgman, traveling heater, and flux methods. Hao obtained his BS degree (2005) from Wuhan University of Science and Technology. He completed his PhD degree in Condensed Matter of Physics (2010) under the supervision of Prof. Guofu Wang at the Fujian Institute of Research on Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Science. His doctoral thesis was on large single-crystal growth of novel tungstate laser crystals. In July 2010 he joined the Kanatzidis group in Northwestern University as a postdoctoral fellow working on exploratory synthesis and large single crystal growth of Cs-based chalcogenide compounds for X-ray and gamma-ray detection.

352

Expansion of LiF under Neutron Irradiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The strain gauge method is applied to the relative linear expansion of LiF under neutron irradiation. The result is (9.90.3)10-5 per 1015 thermal neutrons. An estimate of the number of displacements is in adequate agreement with theory.

D. Binder and W. J. Sturm

1957-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Dipole-moment derivative of LiF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The dipole-moment derivative d?dr has been calculated for LiF from available Hartree-Fock and configuration-interaction wave functions. Calculated values of d?dr are not in agreement with the value determined from a measurement of the first vibrational state lifetime by Bedding and Moran. Other calculated molecular properties are also compared with the available data.

S. W. Harrison and C. R. Fischer

1976-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Generic Multiversion STM Li Lu and Michael L. Scott  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generic Multiversion STM Li Lu and Michael L. Scott Computer Science Department, University of Rochester Rochester, NY 14627-0226 USA {llu,scott}@cs.rochester.edu Abstract. Multiversion software by the National Science Foundation under grants CCR- 0963759, CCF-1116055, and CNS-1116109. Y. Afek (Ed.): DISC

Scott, Michael L.

355

Solar Photovoltaic Capacity F t P f d P li  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

6/19/2013 1 Solar Photovoltaic ­ Capacity F t P f d P li Generating Resources Advisory Committee Advisor Model (SAM), version 2013.1.15 Technology: Solar PV (PVWatts system model)Technology: Solar PV (MWh) (First year output, each year thereafter degrades 0.5%) 6 #12;6/19/2013 4 Shape of PNW Solar PV

356

Coordinated Hospital Patient Scheduling Keith Decker and Jinjiang Li  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coordinated Hospital Patient Scheduling Keith Decker and Jinjiang Li Department of Computer and Information Sciences University of Delaware (decker,jli)@cis.udel.edu Abstract Hospital Patient Scheduling is an inherently distributed problem because of the way real hospitals are organized. As medical procedures have

Decker, Keith S.

357

The prospects for highbeta tokamaks with Li walls 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

stream Plasma Plasma edge Electrode Insulator Electrode Li outlet Helium atmosphere Supporting bands, Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory In collaboration with A. Glasser (LANL), S. Jardin, J. Manickam (PPPL by US DoE contract No. DE{AC020{76{CHO{3073. PRINCETON PLASMA PHYSICS LABORATORY PPPL 1 #12; OUTLINE 1

Zakharov, Leonid E.

358

Semi-Supervised Time Series Classification Li Wei Eamonn Keogh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and hospitals often archive even larger amounts of ECG data for legal reasons. Recent advances in sensor examples to construct accurate classifiers. Furthermore, we are able to leverage off recent advancesSemi-Supervised Time Series Classification Li Wei Eamonn Keogh Department of Computer Science

Zordan, Victor

359

Comparing Predictors of Disordered Protein Xiaohong Li1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comparing Predictors of Disordered Protein Xiaohong Li1 Zoran Obradovic1 xiahong@livegrip.com zoran by their conditional probabilities for indicating ordered or disordered protein structure. The top 10 each from several compared to our previously published predictor. Keywords: disordered proteins, sequence attributes

Obradovic, Zoran

360

New Modeling Tools for Energy Markets Chung-Li Tseng  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EDITORIAL New Modeling Tools for Energy Markets Chung-Li Tseng Special Editor The electricity to the quantitative models for dealing with impacts of these changes on energy market modeling. The four papers in this issue provide a broad range of applications in energy markets. The first special issue addressed

Tseng, Chung-Li

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li lime ls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Phase transitions in the adsorption system Li/Mo(112)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experimental studies of the phase transitions in the adsorption system Li/Mo(112) are presented. This system is a model system for highly anisotropic interactions. From measurements of the half-widths of the low-energy electron diffraction spot...

Fedorus, A.; Kolthoff, D.; Koval, V.; Lyuksyutov, Igor F.; Naumovets, AG; Pfnur, H.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Carbon Nanotube GHz Nano-Resonator Shengdong Li1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Carbon Nanotube GHz Nano-Resonator Shengdong Li1 , Zhen Yu1 , Sheng-Feng Yen1 , Peter J. Burke1 walled carbon nanotube. Both semiconducting and metallic nanotubes are measured. Using a semiconducting signal processing components based on carbon nanotubes. Index Terms -- Nanotechnology, Resonators, Tuning

Tang, William C

363

Magnetic propulsion of liquid Li in tokamaks 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 1999 1 This work is supported by US DoE contract No. DE{AC020{76{CHO{3073. PRINCETON PLASMA PHYSICS of the blanket, which is hardly accessible, and its outer part. PRINCETON PLASMA PHYSICS LABORATORY PPPL 2 #12 for tokamak­reactors. PRINCETON PLASMA PHYSICS LABORATORY PPPL 3 #12; Liquid Li tokamak Lithium Stream Thin

Zakharov, Leonid E.

364

Method for treating electrolyte to remove Li.sub.2 O  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of removing Li.sub.2 O present in an electrolyte predominantly of LiCl and KCl. The electrolyte is heated to a temperature not less than about 500.degree. C. and then Al is introduced into the electrolyte in an amount in excess of the stoichiometric amount needed to convert the Li.sub.2 O to a Li-Al alloy and lithium aluminate salt. The salt and aluminum are maintained in contact with agitation for a time sufficient to convert the Li.sub.2 O.

Tomczuk, Zygmunt (Lockport, IL); Miller, William E. (Naperville, IL); Johnson, Gerald K. (Downers Grove, IL); Willit, James L. (Batavia, IL)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Method for treating electrolyte to remove Li{sub 2}O  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method is described for removing Li{sub 2}O present in an electrolyte predominantly of LiCl and KCl. The electrolyte is heated to a temperature not less than about 500 C and then Al is introduced into the electrolyte in an amount in excess of the stoichiometric amount needed to convert the Li{sub 2}O to a Li-Al alloy and lithium aluminate salt. The salt and aluminum are maintained in contact with agitation for a time sufficient to convert the Li{sub 2}O.

Tomczuk, Z.; Miller, W.E.; Johnson, G.K.; Willit, J.L.

1998-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

366

LiMnPO4 Nanoplate Grown via Solid-State Reaction in Molten Hydrocarbon for Li-ion Battery Cathode  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electrochemically active LiMnPO4 nanoplates have been synthesized via novel single step solid state reaction in molten hydrocarbon. The LiMnPO4 prepared show unique porous nanoplate shape ~50nm in thickness with highly preferred crystallographic orientation. The reversible cycling of carbon coated LiMnPO4 show flat potential at 4.1 V vs. Li with specific capacity reaching up to 168mAh/g and excellent cycling performance using only galvanostatic charging / discharging mode.

Choi, Daiwon; Wang, Donghai; Bae, In-Tae; Xiao, Jie; Nie, Zimin; Wang, Wei; Viswanathan, Vilayanur V.; Lee, Yun Jung; Zhang, Jiguang; Graff, Gordon L.; Yang, Zhenguo; Liu, Jun

2010-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

367

Thermodynamic properties and single-electrode Peltier heats of a Li-Al alloy in a LiCl-KCl eutectic melt  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thermodynamic properties of a Li-Al alloy in the two-phase ({alpha}Al + {beta}LiAl), ({beta}LiAl + {gamma}Li{sub 3}Al{sub 2}), and ({gamma}Li{sub 3}Al{sub 2} + liquid) regions, and in the single {beta}LiAl phase region were determined from electromotive force measurements in a LiCl-KCl eutectic melt at temperatures from 650 to 76f0 K. From the obtained thermodynamic properties, the single-electrode Peltier heat of a Li-Al alloy electrode was evaluated as a function of the alloy composition. It turned out that the single-electrode Peltier heat of a Li-Al alloy electrode exhibits discontinuities at the compositions of coexisting-single phase boundaries. The change of the single-electrode Peltier heat on a phase boundary was interpreted thermodynamically and was found to follow from thermodynamic data for the single phases and the phase diagram data.

Amezawa, Koji; Yamamoto, Naoichi; Tomii, Yoichi; Ito, Yasuhiko [Kyoto Univ. (Japan)] [Kyoto Univ. (Japan)

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

The predicted crystal structure of Li4C6O6, an organic cathode material for Li-ion batteries, from first-principles multi-level computational methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The predicted crystal structure of Li4C6O6, an organic cathode material for Li-ion batteries, from details for the electrochemical properties of these organic electrodes (chemical potential for Li ion the optimum positions of Li ions intercalated within each C6O6 framework. 3. We then optimized each

Goddard III, William A.

369

The Stability of Organic Solvents and Carbon Electrode in Nonaqueous Li-O2 Batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of different kinds of aprotic organic solvents on the discharge performance and discharge products in Li-O2 batteries was systematically investigated. The discharge products deposited in air cathodes were analyzed by X-ray diffraction, in situ gas chromatography/mass spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. We found that a significant amount of Li2O2 can be formed in glyme-based electrolytes during the discharge process, while only small amount of Li2O2 is produced in electrolytes of phosphate, nitrile, ionic liquid and sulfoxide. However, in all the seven types of solvent systems we studied, Li2CO3 and LiF were still formed as byproducts whose compositions are strongly related to the solvents. Li2CO3 is produced not from the carbon air electrode but from oxidation and decomposition of the solvent as we verified by using a 13C-labeled carbon electrode and the solid-state 13C-MAS NMR technique. The formation of Li2CO3 and LiF during discharge will greatly reduce the Coulombic efficiency and cycle life of the Li-air batteries. Therefore, better electrolytes that can ensure the formation of Li2O2 but minimize other reaction products formed on air electrodes of Li-air batteries need to be further investigated.

Xu, Wu; Hu, Jian Z.; Engelhard, Mark H.; Towne, Silas A.; Hardy, John S.; Xiao, Jie; Feng, Ju; Hu, Mary Y.; Zhang, Jian; Ding, Fei; Gross, Mark E.; Zhang, Jiguang

2012-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

370

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Unique Li-ion Batteries for Utility Applications - Daiwon Choi, PNNL  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Unique Li-ion Batteries for Utility Unique Li-ion Batteries for Utility Applications Daiwon Choi, Vilayanur V. Viswanathan, Wei Wang, Vincent L. Sprenkle Pacific Northwest National Laboratory 902 Battelle Blvd., P. O. Box 999, Richland, WA 99352, USA DOE Energy Storage Program Review, Washington, DC Sept. 26-28, 2012 Acknowledgment: Dr. Imre Gyuk - Energy Storage Program Manager, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability  Investigate the Li-ion battery for stationary energy storage unit in ~kWh level.  Fabrication and optimization of LiFePO 4 / Li 4 Ti 5 O 12 18650 cell.  Li-ion battery energy storage with effective thermal management.  Improve rate and cycle life of Li-ion battery.  Screen possible new cathode/anode electrode materials and its combinations

371

Efficient chemical regeneration of LiBH4NH3 spent fuel for hydrogen storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The absence of an efficient method for the regeneration of ammine metal borohydrides (M(BH4)nxNH3, AMBs) from their dehydrogenated products has hindered their potential application as hydrogen storage materials. In this paper, we demonstrate a high-yield chemical regeneration of LiBH4NH3 based on a three step process (digestion (H+ addition), reduction (H? addition), and ammonia complexation) at ambient temperature. Our results demonstrated that LiBN polymer was digested by methanol to form LiB(OCH3)4, which can be converted into LiBH4 by using LiAlH4 in the reduction process. The generation of LiBH4NH3 in ammonia complexion step was achieved by exposing the obtained LiBH4 in an ammonia atmosphere.

Yingbin Tan; Xiaowei Chen; Guanglin Xia; Xuebin Yu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Fusion of Li and C and a search for entrance channel limitations to fusion cross sections  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Excitation functions have been measured for reaction products from the Li6 and Li7 induced reactions Li6+C12, Li6+C13, Li7+C12, and Li7+C13. These data cover the energy range from Elab=9to36 MeV. It was found that the maximum fusion cross sections for these reactions are 780 and 770 mb for the Li6+C12 and Li6+C13, respectively, and 960 and 930 mb for the Li7+C12 and Li7+C13, respectively. The relative uncertainties for these maximum fusion cross sections are about 5%. Comparisons between optical model calculations of the total reaction cross sections and the measured fusion cross sections indicate that total fusion cross sections are substantially smaller than the total reaction cross sections for all four reactions at all energies. For each of the four entrance channels, energy and angular distributions have been measured at four energies for individual mass groups between A=9and19 u. Most of these products appear to be evaporation residues. The critical angular momenta deduced from the experimental fusion cross sections are discussed in terms of entrance channel and compound nucleus limitation models for compound nucleus formation. The individual mass groups are discussed in terms of systematics for evaporation residues.NUCLEAR REACTIONS Li6+C12, ELi6=10to36 MeV; Li6+C13, ELi6=9.23to35.08 MeV; Li7+C12, ELi7=10to38 MeV; Li7+C13, ELi7=10to34 MeV, measured d2?d? dE for reaction products from A=9to19. Extracted ?fus.

L. C. Dennis; K. M. Abdo; A. D. Frawley; K. W. Kemper

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

LiMn2O4 cathode doped with excess lithium and synthesized by co-precipitation for Li-ion batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

LiMn2O4 exhibits lower cost, acceptable environmental characteristics, and better safety properties than other positive-electrode (cathode) materials for lithium-ion batteries. In this study, excess Li doped Li1+xMn2O4 is synthesized by a well-mixed co-precipitation method with LiOH utilized as both the reactant and co-precipitation agent. The precursor is calcined for various heating times and temperatures to form a fine powder of a single spinel phase with different particle sizes, size distributions, and morphology. The minimum heating temperature is around 400C. For short heating periods, Mn2O3 impurity is observed, but disappears after longer heating times. The average particle size is in the range 28?m for powders calcined between 700 and 870C. The lattice parameter increases with increase in heating temperature. The electrochemical behavior of LiMn2O4 powder is examined by using test cells which consist of a cathode, a metallic lithium anode, and an electrolyte of 1M LiPF6 in a 1:1 (volume ratio) mixture of ethylene carbonate (EC) and dimethyl carbonate (DMC). Cells with cathodes of LiMn2O4, Li1.08Mn2O4 and Li1.1Mn2O4 give a capacity of 85, 109 and 126mAhg?1, respectively. The introduction of excess Li in LiMn2O4 apparently increases the capacity, and decreases significantly the rate of capacity degradation on chargedischarge cycling.

H.W Chan; J.G Duh; S.R Sheen

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Calculations for methane scattering from LiF(001)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Calculations are presented for the scattering of CH4 molecules from a LiF(001) surface. The theory utilized is a mixed classical-quantum model that includes energy and momentum transfers between the surface and projectile for translational and rotational motions as well as internal mode excitation of the projectile molecule. The translation and rotation motions, including multiphonon excitations with the surface, are treated with classical dynamics. Internal vibrational mode excitation of the molecules is treated quantum mechanically with extension to arbitrary numbers of modes and arbitrary excitation quantum numbers. The results of calculations are compared with recent high-precision measurements of the scattering of CH4 molecules from clean, ordered LiF(001). The calculated results for energy-resolved spectra and for the angular distributions are in good agreement with experiment.

Iryna Moroz and J. R. Manson

2004-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

375

Electrochemical properties of all solid state Li/S battery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

All-solid-state lithium/sulfur (Li/S) battery is prepared using siloxane cross-linked network solid electrolyte at room temperature. The solid electrolytes show high ionic conductivity and good electrochemical stability with lithium and sulfur. In the first discharge curve, all-solid-state Li/S battery shows three plateau potential regions of 2.4 V, 2.12 V and 2.00 V, respectively. The battery shows the first discharge capacity of 1044 mAh g{sup ?1}-sulfur at room temperature. This first discharge capacity rapidly decreases in 4th cycle and remains at 512 mAh g{sup ?1}-sulfur after 10 cycles.

Yu, Ji-Hyun; Park, Jin-Woo; Wang, Qing; Ryu, Ho-Suk; Kim, Ki-Won [School of Materials Science and Engineering, WCUNGB, RIGET, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 660-701 (Korea, Republic of)] [School of Materials Science and Engineering, WCUNGB, RIGET, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 660-701 (Korea, Republic of); Ahn, Jou-Hyeon [Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 660-701 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 660-701 (Korea, Republic of); Kang, Yongku [Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology, Daejeon 305-600 (Korea, Republic of)] [Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology, Daejeon 305-600 (Korea, Republic of); Wang, Guoxiu [School of Materials Science and Engineering, WCUNGB, RIGET, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 660-701 (Korea, Republic of) [School of Materials Science and Engineering, WCUNGB, RIGET, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 660-701 (Korea, Republic of); School of Chemistry and Forensic Science, University of Technology Sydney, Broadway, Sydney, NSW 2007 (Australia); Ahn, Hyo-Jun, E-mail: ahj@gnu.ac.kr [School of Materials Science and Engineering, WCUNGB, RIGET, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 660-701 (Korea, Republic of)] [School of Materials Science and Engineering, WCUNGB, RIGET, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 660-701 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

376

Auger spectrum of the LiF molecule  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Auger spectrum of LiF vapor has been measured in the energy region 600-680 eV by means of electron-beam excitation. The assignment of the peak structure is based on theoretical ab initio calculations with the use of the multiconfigurational complete-active-space self-consistent-field method and by comparison with the corresponding spectra of the neon atom and the hydrogen fluoride molecule.

Matti Hotokka; Hans gren; Helena Aksela; Seppo Aksela

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Interaction between Thermal Phonons and Dislocations in LiF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermal conductivity measurements on deformed LiF crystals from 0.04 to 0.8 K have indicated a strong polarization- and frequency-dependent dynamic scattering of thermal phonons by mobile dislocations. Heat-pulse experiments at 3.6 K have verified both the strength and polarization dependence of the scattering mechanism. The scattering of thermal phonons by sessile dislocations was too weak to be detected.

A. C. Anderson and M. E. Malinowski

1972-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

378

Synthesis and characterization of pristine Li2MnSiO4 and Li2MnSiO4/C cathode materials for lithium ion batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Pristine Li2MnSiO4 and Li2MnSiO4.../C were both prepared by the solgel method. Citric acid was used as the carbon source. Lithium acetate dihydrate, manganese acetate tetrahydrate, and citric acid were first dis...

Qianqian Zhang; Quanchao Zhuang; Shoudong Xu; Xiangyun Qiu; Yongli Cui; Yueli Shi

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Predictive Models of Li-ion Battery Lifetime (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Predictive models of Li-ion battery reliability must consider a multiplicity of electrochemical, thermal and mechanical degradation modes experienced by batteries in application environments. Complicating matters, Li-ion batteries can experience several path dependent degradation trajectories dependent on storage and cycling history of the application environment. Rates of degradation are controlled by factors such as temperature history, electrochemical operating window, and charge/discharge rate. Lacking accurate models and tests, lifetime uncertainty must be absorbed by overdesign and warranty costs. Degradation models are needed that predict lifetime more accurately and with less test data. Models should also provide engineering feedback for next generation battery designs. This presentation reviews both multi-dimensional physical models and simpler, lumped surrogate models of battery electrochemical and mechanical degradation. Models are compared with cell- and pack-level aging data from commercial Li-ion chemistries. The analysis elucidates the relative importance of electrochemical and mechanical stress-induced degradation mechanisms in real-world operating environments. Opportunities for extending the lifetime of commercial battery systems are explored.

Smith, K.; Wood, E.; Santhanagopalan, S.; Kim, G.; Shi, Y.; Pesaran, A.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Revisit Carbon/Sulfur Composite for Li-S Batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To correlate the carbon properties e.g. surface area and porous structure, with the electrochemical behaviors of carbon/sulfur (C/S) composite cathodes for lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries, four different carbon frameworks including Ketjen Black (KB, high surface area and porous), Graphene (high surface area and nonporous), Acetylene Black (AB, low surface area and nonporous) and Hollow Carbon Nano Sphere (HCNS, low surface area and porous) are employed to immobilize sulfur (80 wt.%). It has been revealed that high surface area of carbon improves the utilization rate of active sulfur and decreases the real current density during the electrochemical reactions. Accordingly, increased reversible capacities and reduced polarization are observed for high surface area carbon hosts such as KB/S and graphene/S composites. The porous structure of KB or HCNS matrix promotes the long-term cycling stability of C/S composites but only at relatively low rate (0.2 C). Once the current density increases, the pore effect completely disappears and all Li-S batteries show similar trend of capacity degradation regardless of the different carbon hosts used in the cathodes. The reason has been assigned to the formation of reduced amount of irreversible Li2S on the cathode as well as shortened time for polysulfides to transport towards lithium anode at elevated current densities. This work provides valuable information for predictive selection on carbon materials to construct C/S composite for practical applications from the electrochemical point of view.

Zheng, Jianming; Gu, Meng; Wagner, Michael J.; Hays, Kevin; Li, Xiaohong S.; Zuo, Pengjian; Wang, Chong M.; Zhang, Jiguang; Liu, Jun; Xiao, Jie

2013-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li lime ls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

High Capacity Pouch-Type Li-air Batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The pouch-type Li-air batteries operated in ambient condition are reported in this work. The battery used a heat sealable plastic membrane as package material, O2 diffusion membrane and moisture barrier. The large variation in internal resistance of the batteries is minimized by a modified separator which can bind the cell stack together. The cells using the modified separators show improved and repeatable discharge performances. It is also found that addition of about 20% of 1,2-dimethoxyethane (DME) in PC:EC (1:1) based electrolyte solvent improves can improve the wetability of carbon electrode and the discharge capacities of Li-air batteries, but further increase in DME amount lead to a decreased capacity due to increase electrolyte loss during discharge process. The pouch-type Li-air batteries with the modified separator and optimized electrolyte has demonstrated a specific capacity of 2711 mAh g-1 based on carbon and a specific energy of 344 Wh kg-1 based on the complete batteries including package.

Wang, Deyu; Xiao, Jie; Xu, Wu; Zhang, Jiguang

2010-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

382

Development of Li+ alumino-silicate ion source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To uniformly heat targets to electron-volt temperatures for the study of warm dense matter, one strategy is to deposit most of the ion energy at the peak of energy loss (dE/dx) with a low (E< 5 MeV) kinetic energy beam and a thin target[1]. Lower mass ions have a peak dE/dx at a lower kinetic energy. To this end, a small lithium (Li+) alumino-silicate source has been fabricated, and its emission limit has been measured. These surface ionization sources are heated to 1000-1150 C where they preferentially emit singly ionized alkali ions. Alumino-silicates sources of K+ and Cs+ have been used extensively in beam experiments, but there are additional challenges for the preparation of high-quality Li+ sources: There are tighter tolerances in preparing and sintering the alumino-silicate to the substrate to produce an emitter that gives uniform ion emission, sufficient current density and low beam emittance. We report on recent measurements ofhigh ( up to 35 mA/cm2) current density from a Li+ source. Ion species identification of possible contaminants is being verified with a Wien (E x B) filter, and via time-of-flight.

Roy, P.K.; Seidl, P.A.; Waldron, W.; Greenway, W.; Lidia, S.; Anders, A.; Kwan, J.

2009-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

383

LiMnPO4 Nanoplate Grown via Solid-State Reaction in Molten Hydrocarbon for Li-Ion Battery Cathode  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(1-21) Following the initial work by Padhi et al. on the inductive effects of polyanions in a phospho-olivine LiFePO4 cathode with an increased Fe2+/3+ redox couple potential, olivine structures have become the focus of Li-ion battery cathodes in recent years. ... This process shows potential for further improvement using a simplified synthesis route to obtain fully electrochemically active LiMnPO4, which appears to be a promising cathode material for Li-ion batteries. ... The low surface activity of this material, compared to lithiated transition-metal oxides used as cathode materials for Li-ion batteries, is due to the relatively low basicity and nucleophilicity of the O atoms in the olivine compds. ...

Daiwon Choi; Donghai Wang; In-Tae Bae; Jie Xiao; Zimin Nie; Wei Wang; Vilayanur V. Viswanathan; Yun Jung Lee; Ji-Guang Zhang; Gordon L. Graff; Zhenguo Yang; Jun Liu

2010-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

384

A Simultaneous Solution to the ^6Li and ^7Li Big Bang Nucleosynthesis Problems from a Long-Lived Negatively-Charged Leptonic Particle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The $^6$Li abundance observed in metal poor halo stars exhibits a plateau similar to that for $^7$Li suggesting a primordial origin. However, the observed abundance of $^6$Li is a factor of $10^3$ larger and that of $^7$Li is a factor of 3 lower than the abundances predicted in the standard big bang when the baryon-to-photon ratio is fixed by WMAP. Here we show that both of these abundance anomalies can be explained by the existence of a long-lived massive, negatively-charged leptonic particle during nucleosynthesis. Such particles would capture onto the synthesized nuclei thereby reducing the reaction Coulomb barriers and opening new transfer reaction possibilities, and catalyzing a second round of big bang nucleosynthesis. This novel solution to both of the Li problems can be achieved with or without the additional effects of stellar destruction.

Motohiko Kusakabe; Toshitaka Kajino; Richard N. Boyd; Takashi Yoshida; Grant J. Mathews

2007-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

385

Effects of Lime and Carbonate of Lime on Acid Phosphate.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.048,0128 0 ......................... Crop. 34.5 40.4 39.6 31.3 16.7 19.7 10.9 14.0 .0004 0326 0 .OM3 .0116 .0580 .0168 . .0284 .2261 .0823 Per cmt. P20s .16 .161 .14 .19 .19 .20 19 .18 Loss. .0023 .0126 Gm. Pz... Abernathy Ladonia- William Atch- ley' Mathis. J 'w. E. ~a'sham, Barstow; T 'W ~u;le;on Waxahachie- W C ~b~~ie; Goliad. g. W. Cothran '~oiton: G. F. 6avidson'.~leasanton; ~oLn on el gan Seguin. S. T. Graham, Milano; J. R. king, Batesville; N. G. Le...

Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

1917-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

On LiF:Mg,Cu,P and LiF:Mg,Ti phosphors high & ultra-high dose features  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LiF:Mg,Ti and LiF:Mg,Cu,P are well known thermoluminescence (TL) dosimetry materials since many years. A few years ago their properties seemed well known and it was widely believed that they are not suitable for the measurement of doses above the saturation level of the TL signal, which for both materials occur at about 1 kGy. The high-dose high-temperature TL emission of LiF:Mg,Cu,P observed at the IFJ in 2006, which above 30 kGy takes the form of the so-called TL peak B, opened the way to use this material for measuring the dose in the high and ultra-high range, in particular for the monitoring of ionizing radiation around the essential electronic elements of high-energy accelerators, also fission and fusion facilities, as well as for emergency dosimetry. This discovery initiated studies of high and ultra-high dose characteristics of both of these phosphors, which turned out to be significantly different in many aspects. These studies not only strive to refine the method for measuring high doses based on th...

Obryk, Barbara; de Barros, Vinicius S; Guzzo, Pedro L; Bilski, Pawe?

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

LiDAR At Chocolate Mountains Area (Alm, Et Al., 2010) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LiDAR At Chocolate Mountains Area (Alm, Et Al., 2010) LiDAR At Chocolate Mountains Area (Alm, Et Al., 2010) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: LiDAR At Chocolate Mountains Area (Alm, Et Al., 2010) Exploration Activity Details Location Chocolate Mountains Area Exploration Technique LiDAR Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Recent exploration includes a high resolution aerial Li-DAR survey flown over the project areas, securing over 177,000 square kilometers of <30cm accuracy digital elevation data. LiDAR data were analyzed to characterize the active tectonic environment, and identify Holocene structures, which are common conduits for upwelling geothermal fluids. References Steve Alm, S. Bjornstad, M. Lazaro, A. Sabin1, D. Meade, J. Shoffner, W. C. Huang, J. Unruh, M. Strane, H. Ross (2010) Geothermal

388

Effect of Li Promoter on titania-supported Rh catalyst for ethanol formation from CO hydrogenation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The addition of 0.10wt% Li to Rh/TiO2 more than doubled the CO conversion for CO hydrogenation while increasing ethanol selectivity. The addition of Li also increases formation of C2 oxygenates at the expense of C1 species, methanol and methane. This is attributed to enhanced dispersion of Rh by Li that appears to reduce dissociation of CO, which previous studies have shown requires large ensembles of Rh atoms on the surface. Li promotion appears to increase the associatively adsorbed CO, allowing for increased H2 chemisorption on the surface compared to the dissociative adsorption of the same number of CO atoms. This increases selectivity to ethanol compared to the unpromoted catalysts. CO-TPD shows more reactive adsorbed CO species on the Li-promoted catalyst. FTIR results suggest that Li promotion alters CO bonding at bridged or interfacial sites and its effect is more structural than electronic.

Egbebi, Adefemi [Louisiana State University; Overbury, Steven {Steve} H [ORNL; Schwartz, Viviane [ORNL; Spivey, James J [Louisiana State University

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Dual active material composite cathode structures for Li-ion batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The efficacy of composite Li-ion battery cathodes made by mixing active materials that possessed either high-rate capability or high specific energy was examined. The cathode structures studied contained carbon-coated LiFePO4 and either Li[Li0.17Mn0.58Ni0.25]O2 or LiCoO2. These active materials were arranged using three different electrode geometries: fully intermixed, fully separated, or layered. Discharge rate studies, cycle-life evaluation, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy studies were conducted using coin cell test structures containing Li-metal anodes. Results indicated that electrode configuration was correlated to rate capability and degree of polarization if there was a large differential between the rate capabilities of the two active material species.

J.F. Whitacre; K. Zaghib; W.C. West; B.V. Ratnakumar

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Vaporization property and crystal structure of lithium metatitanate with excess Li  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The vaporization property and the crystal structure of lithium metatitanate with excess Li, which has been developed as an advanced tritium breeder, were studied. After synthesizing the lithium metatitanate specimens with Li/Ti=2.02.3 (at mixing of the starting materials), the vaporization properties were investigated by measuring the mass losses during heating at 1173K. The Li excessive specimens indicated higher rates of mass loss than the stoichiometric one during heating as long as excessive lithium atom exists. The crystal structures of stoichiometric and nonstoichiometric lithium metatitanates were discussed with the result of neutron diffraction and the refined structural parameters by Rietveld analysis. The refinement (Rwp=7.98, Rp=5.96 and Re=2.58) suggested that lithium metatitanate with excess Li has ?-Li2TiO3 structure and excess Li atoms exist at unstable sites with the formation of reduced titanium or site vacancies.

Keisuke Mukai; Kazuya Sasaki; Takayuki Terai; Akihiro Suzuki; Tsuyoshi Hoshino

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Fe3O4-LiMo3Se3 Nanoparticle Clusters as Superparamagnetic Nanocompasses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fe3O4-LiMo3Se3 Nanoparticle Clusters as Superparamagnetic Nanocompasses Frank E. Osterloh,*, Hiroki bacteria is described. LiMo3Se3-Fe3O4 nanowire-nanoparticle composites were synthesized by a reaction of 3-iodopropionic acid treated LiMo3Se3 nanowire bundles with oleic acid-stabilized Fe3O4 nanoparticles of 2.8, 5

Osterloh, Frank

392

Low-Cost Graphite and Olivine-Based Materials for Li-Ion Batteries  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

WORK Identify suitable graphite materials for anodes that meet the requirement for low cost and long cycle life. Fabricate half cells (Ligraphite) and Li-ion (graphiteolivine)...

393

Significant Cost Improvement of Li-Ion Cells Through Non-NMP...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2 DOE Program Review: Significant Cost Improvement of Li- Ion Cells Through Non-NMP Electrode Coating, Direct Separator Coating, and Fast Formation Technologies PI: YK Son...

394

Formation Of The Spinel Phase In The Layered Composite Cathode Used In Li-Ion Batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pristine Li-rich layered cathodes, such as Li1.2Ni0.2Mn0.6O2 and Li1.2Ni0.1Mn0.525Co0.175O2, were identified to exist in two different structures: LiMO2 R-3m and Li2MO3 C2/m phases. Upon charge/discharge cycling, both phases gradually transform to the spinel structure. The transition from LiMO2 R-3m to spinel is accomplished through the migration of transition metal ions to the Li site without breaking down the lattice, leading to the formation of mosaic structured spinel grains within the parent particle. In contrast, transition from Li2MO3 C2/m to spinel involves removal of Li+ and O2-, which produces a large lattice strain and leads to the breakdown of the parent lattice and therefore the newly formed spinel grains show random orientation within the same particle. Cracks and pores were also noticed within some particles, which is believed to be the consequence of the breakdown of the lattice and vacancy condensation upon removal of lithium ions. The presently observed structure transition characteristics provide direct reasons for the observed gradual capacity loss and poor rate performance of the layered composite. Ultimately it also provides clues about how to improve the materials structure with potential improved performance.

Gu, Meng; Belharouak, Ilias; Zheng, Jianming; Wu, Huiming; Xiao, Jie; Genc, Arda; Amine, Khalil; Thevuthasan, Suntharampillai; Baer, Donald R.; Zhang, Jiguang; Browning, Nigel D.; Liu, Jun; Wang, Chong M.

2013-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

395

Synthesis of Li-ion battery cathode materials via freeze granulation.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Recently, enormous efforts have been done within the development of Li-ion batteries for use in portable electric devices from small scale applications such as mobile (more)

Kasvayee, Keivan Amiri

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Solid State NMR Studies of Li-Rich NMC Cathodes: Investigating...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

voltage fade * Electrochemical characterization of LMR-NMC cathode materials with fully lithium-6 enriched cells (enriched electrolyte, enriched Li-metal and enriched cathode) *...

397

Impedance studies of the thin film LiMn2O4/electrolyteinterface  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Room-temperature impedance measurements of a thin-film LiMn2O4/LiPF6-EC-DMC interface have been used to identify the spontaneous formation Li2Mn2O4 at the interface at room temperature at voltages of 3.7 and higher. The impedance of the LiMn2O4 films exhibited two time constants: at about 14 kHz and 60 to 200 Hz. The high frequency loop is dependent on film morphology and was attributed to the substrate/oxide interface. The low frequency behavior was dependent on both state-of-charge (SOC) and time at a given SOC. At full charge the impedance in this electrolyte was stable at room temperature over several days. At high lithium contents, film OCV and impedance tended to grow logarithmically with time, with lower rates for lower Mn3+ content in the film. The increased impedance was removed by oxidation of the film to 4.5V vs. Li/Li+. The observations are consistent with a reversible disproportionation of part of the LiMn2O4 into Li2Mn2O4 and a lithium-deficient spinel. With extended constant current cycling part of the Li2Mn2O4 degrades to the Mn2O3 and the process is no longer reversible.

Striebel, Kathryn A.; Sakai, E.; Cairns, Elton J.

2001-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

398

Investigation of the Rechargeability of Li-O2 Batteries in Non-aqueous Electrolyte  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order to understand the nature of the limited cycle life and poor energy efficiency associated with the secondary Li-O2 batteries the discharge products of primary Li-O2 cells at different depth of discharge (DOD) are systematically analyzed in this work. It is revealed that if discharged to 2.0 V a small amount of Li2O2 coexist with Li2CO3 and RO-(C=O)-OLi) in alkyl carbonate-based electrolyte. Further discharging the air electrodes to below 2.0 V the amount of Li2CO3 and LiRCO3 increases significantly due to the severe electrolyte decomposition. There is no Li2O detected in this alkyl carbonate electrolyte regardless of DOD. It is also found that the alkyl carbonate based electrolyte begins to decompose at 4.0 V during charging under the combined influences from the high surface area carbon, the nickel metal current collector and the oxygen atmosphere. Accordingly the impedance of the Li-O2 cell continues to increase after each discharge and recharge process indicating a repeated plating of insoluble lithium salts on the carbon surface. Therefore the whole carbon electrode becomes completely insulated only after a few cycles and loses the function of providing active tri-phase regions for the Li-oxygen batteries.

Xiao, Jie; Hu, Jian Z.; Wang, Deyu; Hu, Dehong; Xu, Wu; Graff, Gordon L.; Nie, Zimin; Liu, Jun; Zhang, Jiguang

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

The mechanism of HF formation in LiPF6-based organic carbonate electrolytes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

lithium ion battery electrolytes upon thermal aging werethermal degradation of LiPF 6 at 50C in a lithium ion battery

Lux, Simon

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Passivation of Aluminum in Lithium-ion Battery Electrolytes with LiBOB  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

much greater thermal The passivation of aluminum in batterybattery electrolytes, LiPF 6 does have some shortcomings. In particular, the thermal

Zhang, Xueyuan; Devine, Thomas M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li lime ls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Thermal Instability of Olivine-Type LiMnP04 Cathodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

thermal stability of LiFePC^ and its charged counterpart, FeP04, have been instrumental in its commercialization as a lithium ion battery

Chen, Guoying

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Structural Analysis of Southern Dixie Valley using LiDAR and...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Structural Analysis of Southern Dixie Valley using LiDAR and Low-Sun-Angle Aerial Photography, NAS Fallon Geothermal Exploration Project, Dixie Valley, Nevada Jump to: navigation,...

403

Factors Influencing the Quality of Carbon Coatings on LiFePO4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2 H 3 O 2 Li2H 2 O (lithium acetate, Sigma Aldrich), and HThe iron nitrate and lithium acetate were combined with the

Wilcox, James D.; Doeff, Marca M.; Marcinek, Marek; Kostecki, Robert

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

LiDAR At Glass Buttes Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

References (1 January 2011) GTP ARRA Spreadsheet Additional References Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleLiDARAtGlassButtesArea(DOEGTP)&oldid402493...

405

Superior Long-Term Energy Retention and Volumetric Energy Density for Li-Rich Cathode Materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Superior Long-Term Energy Retention and Volumetric Energy Density for Li-Rich Cathode Materials ... Department of Energy Engineering, School of

Pilgun Oh; Seungjun Myeong; Woongrae Cho; Min-Joon Lee; Minseong Ko; Hu Young Jeong; Jaephil Cho

2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

406

First-Principles Study of Novel Conversion Reactions for High-Capacity Li-Ion Battery Anodes in the Li-Mg-B-N-H System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Anodes for Li-ion batteries are primarily carbon-based due to their low cost and long cycle life. However, improvements to the Li capacity of carbon anodes, LiC{sub 6} in particular, are necessary to obtain a larger energy density. State-of-the-art light-metal hydrides for hydrogen storage applications often contain Li and involve reactions requiring Li transport, and light-metal ionic hydrides are candidates for novel conversion materials. Given a set of known solid-state and gas-phase reactants, we have determined the phase diagram in the Li-Mg-B-N-H system in the grand canonical ensemble, as a function of lithium chemical potential. We present computational results for several new conversion reactions with capacities between 2400 and 4000 mAh g{sup -1} that are thermodynamically favorable and that do not involve gas evolution. We provide experimental evidence for the reaction pathway on delithiation for the compound Li{sub 4}BN{sub 3}H{sub 10}. While the predicted reactions involve multiple steps, the maximum volume increase for these materials on lithium insertion is significantly smaller than that for Si.

Mason, T.H.; Graetz, J.; Liu, X.; Hong, J.; Majzoub, E.H.

2011-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

407

Investigation on the Charging Process of Li2O2-Based Air Electrodes in Li-O2 Batteries with Organic Carbonate Electrolytes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The charge processes of Li-O2 batteries were investigated by analyzing the gas evolution by in situ gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC/MS) technique. The mixture of Li2O2/Fe3O4/Super P carbon/polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) was used as the starting air electrode material and 1M LiTFSI in carbonate-based solvents was used as electrolyte. It was found that Li2O2 is reactive to 1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone and PVDF binder used in the electrode preparation. During the 1st charge (up to 4.6 V), O2 was the main component in the gases released. The amount of O2 measured by GC/MS was consistent with the amount of Li2O2 decomposed in the electrochemical process as measured by the charge capacity, indicative of the good chargeability of Li2O2. However, after the cell was discharged to 2.0 V in O2 atmosphere and re-charged to ~ 4.6 V in the second cycle, CO2 was dominant in the released gases. Further analysis of the discharged air electrode by X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy indicated that lithium-containing carbonate species (lithium alkyl carbonate and/or Li2CO3) were the main reaction products. Therefore, compatible electrolyte and electrodes as well as the electrode preparation procedures need to be developed for long term operation of rechargeable Li-O2 or Li-air batteries.

Xu, Wu; Viswanathan, Vilayanur V.; Wang, Deyu; Towne, Silas A.; Xiao, Jie; Nie, Zimin; Hu, Dehong; Zhang, Jiguang

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

408

Beyond One-Electron Reaction in Li Cathode Materials: ? Designing Li2MnxFe1-xSiO4  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Detailed DFT calculations further indicate that it might be possible to obtain a stable material with a reversible exchange of more than one Li ion per redox-active transition metal ion by using an appropriate Mn/Fe mixture (solid solution) with a general formula Li2MnxFe1-xSiO4. ... Li2MnSiO4 has been identified recently as one of the first cathode battery materials that, at least in principle, could exchange more than 1 lithium per redox-active transition metal ion. ...

Anton Kokalj; Robert Dominko; Gregor Mali; Anton Meden; Miran Gaberscek; Janez Jamnik

2007-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

409

Ab initio structure search and in situ 7Li NMR studies of discharge products in the Li-S battery system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

spectrometer in screw-cap NMR tubes. Sealed capillaries filled with chloroform-d were placed in the NMR tube along with the sample to achieve a lock without sacrificing the integrity of the polysulfide solu- tions. Bag cells were prepared for in situ NMR... from which the CQ values can be extracted. We have used this methodology to analyze the decomposition products formed in a Li-air battery.42 The Li+ environments in crystalline Li2S are cu- bic, and no satellite transitions are expected (Figure 2b...

See, Kimberly A.; Leskes, Michal; Griffin, John M.; Britto, Sylvia; Matthews, Peter D.; Emly, Alexandra; Van der Ven, Anton; Wright, Dominic S.; Morris, Andrew J.; Grey, Clare P.; Seshadri, Ram

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Ballistic-phonon propagation in LiF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The interaction between high-frequency ballistic phonons and mass defects in LiF of natural isotopic composition has been studied with the use of a heat-pulse technique. Studies were made as a function of input power for samples of various length oriented along the [111] direction. The results indicate that surface imperfections have a profound effect on the transmission of high-frequency phonons. The experiments on suitably prepared surfaces yield a phonon scattering rate which is in excellent agreement with theoretical predictions and thermal conductivity measurements.

R. Soltis and J. Trivisonno

1984-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

411

Li-Ion and Other Advanced Battery Technologies  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

scientist viewing computer screen scientist viewing computer screen Li-Ion and Other Advanced Battery Technologies The research aims to overcome the fundamental chemical and mechanical instabilities that have impeded the development of batteries for vehicles with acceptable range, acceleration, costs, lifetime, and safety. Its aim is to identify and better understand cell performance and lifetime limitations. These batteries have many other applications, in mobile electronic devices, for example. The work addresses synthesis of components into battery cells with determination of failure modes, materials synthesis and evaluation, advanced diagnostics, and improved electrochemical model development. This research involves: Battery development and analysis; Mathematical modeling; Sophisticated diagnostics;

412

LiWall Fusion - The New Concept of Magnetic Fusion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Utilization of the outstanding abilities of a liquid lithium layer in pumping hydrogen isotopes leads to a new approach to magnetic fusion, called the LiWall Fusion. It relies on innovative plasma regimes with low edge density and high temperature. The approach combines fueling the plasma by neutral injection beams with the best possible elimination of outside neutral gas sources, which cools down the plasma edge. Prevention of cooling the plasma edge suppresses the dominant, temperature gradient related turbulence in the core. Such an approach is much more suitable for controlled fusion than the present practice, relying on high heating power for compensating essentially unlimited turbulent energy losses.

L.E. Zakharov

2011-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

413

Beyond Conventional Cathode Materials for Li-ion Batteries and Na-ion Batteries Nickel fluoride conversion materials and P2 type Na-ion intercalation cathodes /  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

active material for Li-ion battery, Fe2OF4. ElectrochemistryIron Fluoride, in a Li Ion Battery: A Solid-State NMR, X-raymaterials for Li-ion battery133 8.2. P2 type

Lee, Dae Hoe

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Physical properties of Li ion conducting polyphosphazene based polymer electrolytes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report a systematic study of the transport properties and the underlying physical chemistry of some polyphosphazene (PPhz)-based polymer electrolytes. We synthesized MEEP and variants which employed mixed combinations of different length oxyethylene side-chains. We compare the conductivity and ion-ion interactions in polymer electrolytes obtained with lithium triflate and lithium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (TFSI) salts added to the polymer. The combination of the lithium imide salt and MEEP yields a maximum conductivity of 8 x 10{sup -5} {Omega}{sup -1} cm{sup -1} at room temperature at a salt loading of 8 monomers per lithium. In one of the mixed side-chain variations, a maximum conductivity of 2 x 10{sup -4} {Omega}{sup -1} cm{sup -1} was measured at the same molar ratio. Raman spectral analysis shows some ion aggregation and some polymer - ion interactions in the PPhz-LiTFSI case but much less than observed with Li CF{sub 3}SO{sub 3}. A sharp increase in the Tg as salt is added corresponds to concentrations above which the conductivity significantly decreases and ion associations appear.

Sanderson, S.; Zawodzinski, T.; Hermes, R.; Davey, J.; Dai, Hongli

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

415

Enhanced rate capability of LiMn0.9Mg0.1PO4 nanoplates by reduced graphene oxide/carbon double coating for Li-ion batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

March 2014 Available online 12 March 2014 Keywords: Li-ion battery LiMnPO4 Reduced graphene oxide ChargeEnhanced rate capability of LiMn0.9Mg0.1PO4 nanoplates by reduced graphene oxide/carbon double coating for Li-ion batteries Sungun Wi a , Jaewon Kim a , Seunghoon Nam a , Joonhyeon Kang a , Sangheon

Park, Byungwoo

416

ELECTROCHEMICAL ENERGY STORAGE DEVICES Arlin Alvarado Hernandez, Guanglian Li, Sylvia Nguyen, Fouche Smith,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ELECTROCHEMICAL ENERGY STORAGE DEVICES By Arlin Alvarado Hernandez, Guanglian Li, Sylvia Nguyen 55455-0436 Phone: 612-624-6066 Fax: 612-626-7370 URL: http://www.ima.umn.edu #12;Electrochemical Energy Storage Devices Arlin Alvarado Hernandez University of Puerto Rico Guanglian Li Texas A & M University

417

The Influence of Catalysts on Discharge and Charge Voltages of Rechargeable LiOxygen Batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study revealed the strong influence of carbon, Au/C, and Pt/C catalysts on the charge and discharge voltages of rechargeable LiO[subscript 2] batteries. LiO[subscript 2] single-cell measurements showed that Au/C had ...

Gasteiger, Hubert A.

418

Coupled displacive and orderdisorder dynamics in LiNbO3 by molecular-dynamics simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

transition. We find that this phase transition is a two-stage process involving a displacive transition, in the paraelectric phase each Nb ion sits at the center of a cage of six oxygen ions; in the ferroelectric structure phase the Li ions are actually displaced from the oxygen plane. Due to electrostatic repulsion, the Li

Gopalan, Venkatraman

419

High Energy Density Cathode for Lithium Batteries: From LiCoO_(2) to Sulfur  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

addressed, i.e. the safety hazard resulted from the Li dendrite formation on the Li metal anode and the poor cyclability arising from the polysulfides shuttle. Firstly, to overcome the safety issue, this dissertation reported a lithiated Si-S (LSS) battery...

Pu, Xiong

2014-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

420

Thermodynamic stability of oxide, nitride, and carbide coating materials in liquid Sn25Li  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thermodynamic stability of oxide, nitride, and carbide coating materials in liquid Sn­25Li S of various oxides, carbides, and nitrides in Sn­Li is estimated as a function of lithium composition K most of the studied nitrides, carbides, and some oxides were found to be stable (DrG > 0). However

Ghoniem, Nasr M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li lime ls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Design and optimization of 6li neutron-capture pulse mode ion chamber  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this research is to design and optimize the performance of a unique, inexpensive 6Li neutron-capture pulse-mode ion chamber (LiPMIC) for neutron detection that overcomes the fill-gas contamination stemming from outgas of detector...

Chung, Kiwhan

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

422

Study on generating of thermal neutron scattering cross sections for LiH  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

LiH is designated as a promising moderator and shielding material because of its low density, high melting point and large fraction of H atoms. However, lack of the thermal neutron cross sections of LiH makes numerical calculation deviate from experimental data to some extent. As a result, it is necessary to study LiH thermal kernel effect. The phonon property of LiH has been investigated by first-principles calculations using the plane-wave pseudo potential method with CASTEP code. The scattering law and the thermal neutron scattering cross sections for Li and H have been generated using this distribution. The results have been compared with zirconium hydride data. The GASKET and NJOY/LEAPR codes have been used in the calculation of scattering law, whose results have been compared with the reference; the discrepancy mainly comes from phonon spectrums and its expansion. LEAPR had the capability to compute scattering through larger energy and momentum transfers than GASKET did. By studying LiH phonon spectrum and constructing the model of LiH thermal kernel and scattering matrix, the ACE format LiH thermal neutron cross sections for MCNP software could be made and used for reactor Neutronics calculation. (authors)

Wang, L.; Jiang, X.; Zhao, Z.; Chen, L. [Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an 710024 (China)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Selection of Conductive Additives in Li-Ion Battery Cathodes A Numerical Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- capacity LiNi1-xCoxO2 to lower cost LiNi1-xCoxO2. The addition of conductive additives to cathode materials significantly improve overall conductivity. Percolation was achieved for the volume fraction of active material particulate system. Neither surface nor bulk modifications of active-material particle conductivities seem

Sastry, Ann Marie

424

Short communication Hierarchical SiOx nanoconifers for Li-ion battery anodes with  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

oxide Li rechargeable battery Anode Nanoconifer Nanowire Thermal evaporation a b s t r a c t Silicon subShort communication Hierarchical SiOx nanoconifers for Li-ion battery anodes with structural through a simple thermal evaporation process.

Jo, Moon-Ho

425

Ultra-high hydrogen storage capacity of Li-decorated graphyne: A first-principles prediction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphyne, consisting of sp- and sp{sup 2}-hybridized carbon atoms, is a new member of carbon allotropes which has a natural porous structure. Here, we report our first-principles calculations on the possibility of Li-decorated graphyne as a hydrogen storage medium. We predict that Li-doping significantly enhances the hydrogen storage ability of graphyne compared to that of pristine graphyne, which can be attributed to the polarization of H{sub 2} molecules induced by the charge transfer from Li atoms to graphyne. The favorite H{sub 2} molecules adsorption configurations on a single side and on both sides of a Li-decorated graphyne layer are determined. When Li atoms are adsorbed on one side of graphyne, each Li can bind four H{sub 2} molecules, corresponding to a hydrogen storage capacity of 9.26 wt. %. The hydrogen storage capacity can be further improved to 15.15 wt. % as graphyne is decorated by Li atoms on both sides, with an optimal average binding energy of 0.226 eV/H{sub 2}. The results show that the Li-decorated graphyne can serve as a high capacity hydrogen storage medium.

Zhang Hongyu; Zhang Meng; Zhao Lixia; Luo Youhua [Department of Physics, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237 (China); Zhao Mingwen; Bu Hongxia; He Xiujie [School of Physics and State Key Laboratory of Crystal Materials, Shandong University, Jinan, 250100 Shandong (China)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

426

Studies on Capacity Fade of Spinel based Li-Ion Batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engineering University of South Carolina #12;Physical Characteristics of Cellbatt Lithium Ion Battery Engineering University of South Carolina #12;Change in discharge capacity for Li-ion cells charged for Electrochemical Engineering University of South Carolina #12;Experimental Full Cell studies on CellBatt® Li-ion

Popov, Branko N.

427

Development of First Principles Capacity Fade Model for Li-Ion Cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Development of First Principles Capacity Fade Model for Li-Ion Cells P. Ramadass,* Bala Haran,** Parthasarathy M. Gomadam,* Ralph White,*** and Branko N. Popov**,z Department of Chemical Engineering developed to simulate the capacity fade of Li-ion batteries. Incorporation of a continuous occurrence

Popov, Branko N.

428

Analysis of atomic and ion debris features of laser-produced Sn and Li plasmas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis of atomic and ion debris features of laser-produced Sn and Li plasmas R. W. Coons,a S. S. Harilal, D. Campos, and A. Hassanein School of Nuclear Engineering and Center for Materials Under Extreme provide a CE nearly twice that of Li. However, the kinetic energies of Sn ions are considerably higher

Harilal, S. S.

429

Comparison of EUV spectral and ion emission features from laser-produced Sn and Li plasmas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comparison of EUV spectral and ion emission features from laser- produced Sn and Li plasmas R. W. Coons, D. Campos, M. Crank, S. S. Harilal, and A. Hassanein School of Nuclear Engineering, and Center, and the kinetic energies and fluxes of ions at various laser intensities for both Sn and Li plasmas. The maximum

Harilal, S. S.

430

Li4Ti5O12 heattreated under nitrogen ambient with outstanding rate capabilities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The powders of spinel Li4Ti5O12 were prepared by heat treating the mixture of rutile TiO2 and Li acetate at 800C for 3 h under a nitrogen atmosphere and, for comparison, under air as well. The powders ...

Rui Xu; Junrong Li; Zilong Tang; Zhongtai Zhang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Degradation of Li/S Battery Electrodes Studied Using X-ray Phase Contrast Tomography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Li-ion battery market. This can be explained by their high energy density, high operating voltage1 Degradation of Li/S Battery Electrodes Studied Using X-ray Phase Contrast Tomography L. Zielkea. Zengerlea,f and S. Thielea,g Lithium/sulphur batteries are promising candidates for future energy storage

Schmidt, Volker

432

Stochastic Simulation Model for the 3D Morphology of Composite Materials in Li-Ion Batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stochastic Simulation Model for the 3D Morphology of Composite Materials in Li-Ion Batteries Ralf of composite materials used in Li-ion batteries. In this paper, we develop a stochastic simulation model in 3D, Stochastic Simulation Model, Structural Analysis, Marked Point Process, Germ-Grain Model, Model Fitting

Schmidt, Volker

433

Using LiDAR and normalized difference vegetation index to remotely determine LAI and percent canopy cover at varying scales  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: (1) Develop scanning LiDAR and multispectral imagery methods to estimate PCC and LAI over both hardwood and coniferous forests; (2) investigate whether a LiDAR and normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data fusion through linear regression...

Griffin, Alicia Marie Rutledge

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

434

Simply AlF3-treated Li4Ti5O12 composite anode materials for stable...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Li4Ti5O12 composite anode materials for stable and ultrahigh power lithium-ion batteries. Simply AlF3-treated Li4Ti5O12 composite anode materials for stable and ultrahigh...

435

Raman Spectroscopic and Visible Absorption Investigation of LiCrSi2O6 Pyroxene Under Pressure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

symmetry.6,7 Spodumene (LiAlSi2O6) and LiCrSi2O6 behave similarly at the phase transition; both go from 6

Downs, Robert T.

436

Thermal Modeling and Effects of Electrode Configuration on Thermal Behaviour of a LiFePO4 Battery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Li-ion battery has great application prospects on electric vehicles ... etc. For the performance of Li-ion battery is closely related to its operating temperature, the battery thermal management technique is cons...

Cheng Ruan; Kun Diao; Huajie Chen; Yan Zhou

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Cyclic voltammetric investigation of the formation of intermetallic phases at a LiAl electrode in methyl acetate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The formation of various Li/Al intermetallic phases at the LiAl electrode in methyl acetate was studied using cyclic voltammetry. The thickness ... the reverse sweep, increased acceptance of deposited lithium, ro...

Y. S. Fung; H. C. Lai

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

High-Rate Cathodes Based on Li3V2(PO4)3 Nanobelts Prepared via...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cathodes Based on Li3V2(PO4)3 Nanobelts Prepared via Surfactant-Assisted Fabrication. Abstract: In this work, we synthesized monoclinic Li3V2(PO4)3 nanobelts via a single-step,...

439

Nano-Structured Li3V2(PO4)3 /Carbon Composite for High Rate Lithium...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Nano-Structured Li3V2(PO4)3 Carbon Composite for High Rate Lithium Ion Batteries. Nano-Structured Li3V2(PO4)3 Carbon Composite for High Rate Lithium Ion Batteries. Abstract:...

440

Direct micron-sized LiMn2O4 particle coating on LiCoO2 cathode material using surfactant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

acid as a chelating agent until a viscous gel solution was observed. This solution was dried and fired used. The LiMn2O4 powders were ball-milled for 20 min in water (100 g) using 0.2 g of a polyacrylate dispersant, orotanR solution (chunghan Chem., Korea). The LiMn2O4 powder with orotanR was observed to be well

Cho, Jaephil

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li lime ls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Crystal growth and low coercive field 180 domain switching characteristics of stoichiometric LiTaO3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Physics. S0003-6951 98 00847-X Lithium tantalate LiTaO3) and lithium niobate LiNbO3) are of interest in dry gas or wet gas had no distinct influence on the domain switching properties. Lithium tantalate Li only toward the Ta excess side in the Li2O­Ta2O5 pseudo- binary system.6 The melt composition, which

Gopalan, Venkatraman

442

Synthesis of LiCoMnO4 via a solgel method and its application in high power LiCoMnO4/Li4Ti5O12 lithium-ion batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A LiCoMnO4 (5V spinel) material has been synthesized by annealing a solgel precursor utilizing lithium acetate, cobalt acetate, manganese acetate, and citric acid. The as-prepared sample has been determined to be LiCo1.09Mn0.91O4 via inductive coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy. The deviation of the molar ratio of Co/Mn from 1:1 is designed to minimize the amount of LiMn2O4 impurity in our sample. The produced spinel material possesses an initial discharge capacity of 87.1mAhg?1 with two voltage plateaus at 5.1 and 4.9V. The LiCo1.09Mn0.91O4 cathode has been assembled with a Li4Ti5O12 anode to form a full-cell which delivered a discharge capacity of 131.2mAhg?1, centered at 3.2V. It is of great interest that despite the low coulombic efficiency of the full-cell, it shows good cyclic performance. In addition, The LiCo1.09Mn0.91O4/Li4Ti5O12 cell shows an excellent rate capability, delivering a capacity of 84.2mAhg?1, corresponding to a high power density of 4.70kWkg?1 at the current density of 1700mAg?1.

Xingkang Huang; Min Lin; Qingsong Tong; Xiuhua Li; Ying Ruan; Yong Yang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Extremely light Li in orogenic eclogites: The role of isotope fractionation during dehydration in subducted oceanic crust  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,20] and boron [21,22], but the degree of Li isotope fractionation during dehydration reactions has yet to be determined. In this regard we measured Li isotopeExtremely light Li in orogenic eclogites: The role of isotope fractionation during dehydration

Rudnick, Roberta L.

444

Phase Separations in LiFe1xMnxPO4: A Random Stack Model for Efficient Cathode Materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lithium transition metal phosphates are of interest as storage cathodes for rechargeable Li batteries because of their high energy d., low raw materials cost, environmental friendliness and safety. ... The former material, proven to be very promising as active cathode material in Li metal and Li-ion batteries, was synthesized through a new procedure that combines a simple sol-gel pptn. ...

Weifeng Huang; Shi Tao; Jing Zhou; Cheng Si; Xing Chen; Wei Huang; Chuanhong Jin; Wangsheng Chu; Li Song; Ziyu Wu

2013-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

445

LiFePO4 batteries with enhanced lithium-ion-diffusion ability due to graphene addition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, graphene was added to LiFePO4 via a hydrothermal method to improve the lithium-ion-diffusion ability of LiFePO4. The influence of graphene addition on LiFePO4 was studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD)...

Van Hiep Nguyen; Hal-Bon Gu

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Enhanced hydrogen storage properties of LiAlH4 catalyzed by CoFe2O4 nanoparticles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Enhanced hydrogen storage properties of LiAlH4 catalyzed by CoFe2O4 nanoparticles Ziliang Li The catalytic effects of CoFe2O4 nanoparticles on the hydrogen storage properties of LiAlH4 prepared by ball of advanced hydrogen storage materials for safely storing it at high gravimetric and volumetric densities.4

Volinsky, Alex A.

447

Journal of Power Sources 126 (2004) 193202 Li-ion microbatteries generated by a laser direct-write method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to fabricate Li-ion microbatteries. The battery electrodes are made by the laser-induced forward transfer. Keywords: Microbattery; Battery; Li-ion; Direct-write; Laser 1. Introduction A current trend in technologyJournal of Power Sources 126 (2004) 193­202 Li-ion microbatteries generated by a laser direct

Arnold, Craig B.

448

Microstructure Reconstruction and Direct Evaluation of Li-Ion Battery Cathodes Fuqiang Liu* and N A Siddique  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Microstructure Reconstruction and Direct Evaluation of Li-Ion Battery Cathodes Fuqiang Liu* and N of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas 76019, USA High-capacity Li-ion batteries are among the best of the major challenges in Li-ion batteries is to improve mass transport across multiple phase interfaces

Liu, Fuqiang

449

Robustness analysis of State-of-Charge estimation methods for two types of Li-ion batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Robustness analysis of State-of-Charge estimation methods for two types of Li-ion batteries estimation Li-ion battery Robustness analysis a b s t r a c t Battery State of Charge (SOC) estimation. This paper analyzes the robustness of SOC estimation algorithms for two types of Li-ion batteries under

Peng, Huei

450

Recycling of LiFePO4 Batteries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

8-11, 2011 8-11, 2011 Linda Gaines Center for Transportation Research Argonne National Laboratory Recycling of LiFePO 4 Batteries 7th International Symposium on Inorganic Phosphate Materials Phosphate Materials for Energy Storage We don't want to trade one crisis for another!  Battery material shortages are unlikely - We demonstrated that lithium demand can be met - Recycling mitigates potential scarcity  Life-cycle analysis checks for unforeseen impacts  We need to find something to do with the used materials - Safe - Economical 2 Battery materials could get used multiple times Initial Use Automotive power Secondary Use Utility storage Residential storage Power at remote location Refurbishment Rejuvenate (change electrolyte) Switch out bad module

451

Magnetic phase diagram of magnetoelectric LiMnPO4  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The nature of the spin-flop (SF) transition in the magnetoelectric quasi-2D Heisenberg system LiMnPO4 is studied in fields applied along the a axis. A refinement of the magnetic structure using neutron diffraction data in the SF phase reveals that the spins reorient from being parallel to the a axis to be nearly along the c axis at magnetic fields between 4 and 4.7 T, depending on temperature. The low-field antiferromagnetic phase boundary is shown to join the spin-flop line tangentially at the so-called bicritical point, where there is a suppression of the ordering temperature. At the bicritical field, we observe an increased intensity of the Lorentz broadened elastic scattering at magnetic Bragg peaks above TN as compared to zero field and 10 T, without an increase in peak width. This suggests an increased density of fluctuations at the bicritical field as compared to zero field.

Toft-Petersen, Rasmus; Andersen, Niels H.; Li, Haifeng; Li, Jiying; Tian, Wei; Budko, Serguei L.; Jensen, Thomas B.S.; Niedermayer, Christof; Laver, Mark; Zaharko, Oksana; Lynn, Jeffrey W.; Vaknin, David

2012-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

452

Interfacial studies of a thin-film Li2Mn4O9 electrode  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Interfacial studies of a thin-film Li2Mn4O9 electrode Interfacial studies of a thin-film Li2Mn4O9 electrode Title Interfacial studies of a thin-film Li2Mn4O9 electrode Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 1999 Authors Kostecki, Robert, Fanping Kong, Yoshiaki Matsuo, and Frank R. McLarnon Journal Electrochimica Acta Volume 45 Pagination 225-233 Keywords interfacial films, manganese oxide electrode Abstract A thin-film spinel Li2Mn4O9 electrode was prepared by spin coating onto a Pt substrate. Spectroscopic ellipsometry, X-ray diffraction and current-sensing atomic force microscopy (CSAFM) were used to characterize interfacial processes and film formation at this electrode in the presence of 1.0 M LiPF6, EC:DMC (1:1 by volume) electrolyte. Prolonged exposure of the film to the electrolyte at ambient temperature resulted in spontaneous decomposition of the spinel to λ-MnO2 without disruption of the original structure. The surface of the resulting λ-MnO2 film exhibited no significant change in morphology, however a thin passive electrode surface layer was detected by the CSAFM probe. This electrode surface layer exhibited insulating properties and most likely contained Li2O, a by-product of Li2Mn4O9 decomposition.

453

Composition dependence of average and local structure of xLi(Li1/3Mn2/3)O2(1?x)Li(Mn1/3Ni1/3Co1/3)O2 active cathode material for Li ion batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study focused on the composition dependence of the crystal structure and cathode performance of xLi(Li1/3Mn2/3)O2(1?x)Li(Mn1/3Ni1/3Co1/3)O2 (0?x?1) prepared by co-precipitation. From charge-discharge tests, it was found that there was large differences in the battery performance between the composition of x=0.2 and x?0.3. For the samples, the average crystal structures were determined by the Rietveld refinement of neutron diffraction patterns. The results indicated that for x=0.2, Li existed at both 2b and 4g sites, whereas for x?0.3, Li was localized at 2b sites and Mn occupied the 4g sites. In order to examine the local crystal structure, pair distribution function (PDF) and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) analyses were carried out. From the PDF analysis, a significant difference was seen in the short-range peaks associated with the transition metal layer for x=0.2, 0.4 and 0.6. The EXAFS results indicated a large difference in the local structure around Mn for x=0.2 and x?0.3. This is thought to be due to ordering of LiMn6 and LiMn5Ni, which is likely to affect cathode performance.

Yasushi Idemoto; Masahiro Inoue; Naoto Kitamura

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Structural Complexity of Layered-spinel Composite Electrodes for Li-ion Batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The complexity of layered-spinel yLi{sub 2}MnO{sub 3} {center_dot} (1-y)Li{sub 1+x}Mn{sub 2-x}O{sub 4} (Li:Mn = 1.2:1; 0 = x = 0.33; y = 0.45) composites synthesized at different temperatures has been investigated by a combination of x-ray diffraction (XRD), x-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). While the layered component does not change substantially between samples, an evolution of the spinel component from a high to a low lithium excess phase has been traced with temperature by comparing with data for pure Li{sub 1+x}Mn{sub 2-x}O{sub 4}. The changes that occur to the structure of the spinel component and to the average oxidation state of the manganese ions within the composite structure as lithium is electrochemically removed in a battery have been monitored using these techniques, in some cases in situ. Our 6Li NMR results constitute the first direct observation of lithium removal from Li{sub 2}MnO{sub 3} and the formation of LiMnO{sub 2} upon lithium reinsertion.

Cabana, J.; Yang, X.; Johnson, C.S., Chung, K.-Y.; Yoon, W.-S.; Kang, S.-H.; Thackeray, M.M., Grey, C.P.

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Diluted ferromagnetic semiconductor Li(Zn,Mn)P with decoupled charge and spin doping  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report the discovery of a diluted magnetic semiconductor, Li(Zn,Mn)P, in which charge and spin are introduced independently via lithium off-stoichiometry and the isovalent substitution of Mn2+ for Zn2+, respectively. Isostructural to (Ga,Mn)As, Li(Zn,Mn)P was found to be a p-type ferromagnetic semiconductor with excess lithium providing charge doping. First-principles calculations indicate that excess Li is favored to partially occupy the Zn site, leading to hole doping. Ferromagnetism with Curie temperature up to 34 K is achieved while the system still shows semiconducting transport behavior.

Z. Deng; K. Zhao; B. Gu; W. Han; J. L. Zhu; X. C. Wang; X. Li; Q. Q. Liu; R. C. Yu; T. Goko; B. Frandsen; L. Liu; Jinsong Zhang; Yayu Wang; F. L. Ning; S. Maekawa; Y. J. Uemura; C. Q. Jin

2013-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

456

Positive correlation between Li and Mg isotope ratios in the river waters of the Mackenzie Basin challenges the interpretation of apparent isotopic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

geochemistry magnesium Mg isotopes lithium Li isotopes chemical weathering a b s t r a c t During chemical expressed as d26 Mg) show in excess of one per mil variability. Part of this variability is attributed covariation between lithium (7 Li/6 Li, expressed as d7 Li) and Mg isotope ratios in the river waters

Paytan, Adina

457

Improved Electrode Materials in Lithium-Ion (Li-ion) Batteries: Innovation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Improved Electrode Materials in Lithium-Ion (Li-ion) Batteries: Innovation Improved Electrode Materials in Lithium-Ion (Li-ion) Batteries: Innovation and Optimization Speaker(s): Jordi Cabana-Jimenez Date: January 14, 2008 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Venkat Srinivasan The advent of Li-ion batteries has played a central role in the impressive development of portable digital and wireless technology. Such success has triggered further efforts to utilize them as key components in other applications with an even larger impact on society, which include electric vehicles and energy backup for renewable energy sources. However, several challenges need to be met before these expectations can be realized, as Li-ion batteries currently do not meet the power and energy density requirements of these devices. New and better materials for the electrodes

458

LiDAR At Twenty-Nine Palms Area (Page, Et Al., 2010) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Twenty-Nine Palms Area (Page, Et Al., 2010) Twenty-Nine Palms Area (Page, Et Al., 2010) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: LiDAR At Twenty-Nine Palms Geothermal Area (Page, Et Al., 2010) Exploration Activity Details Location Twenty-Nine Palms Geothermal Area Exploration Technique LiDAR Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Primary LiDAR application to this project was Airborne Laser Swath Mapping (ALSM). This particular application was used to gather data over a specific land area then used to create a Digital Elevation Model (DEM) with a resolution of approximately 1m in the horizontal direction and 10cm in the vertical direction. The LiDAR data gathered for MCAGCC was analyzed in conjunction with other data, such as aerial photography and field

459

Significant Cost Improvement of Li-Ion Cells Through Non-NMP...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3 DOE Merit Review ES133: Significant Cost Improvement of Li-ion Cells Through Non-NMP Electrode Coating, Direct Separator Coating, and Fast Formation Technologies PI: YK Son...

460

Algorithms and Software Tools for Extracting Coastal Morphological Information from Airborne LiDAR Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

coastal forms and processes. This research aims at developing algorithms for automatically extracting coastal morphological information from LiDAR data. The primary methods developed by this research include automated algorithms for beach profile feature...

Gao, Yige

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li lime ls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Plasma spectroscopy of H, Li, and Na in plumes resulting from laser-induced droplet explosion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The plasma emission resulting from laser-induced breakdown of large transparent H2O droplets (with and without NaCl or LiCl) has been spectrally and spatially resolved along...

Eickmans, Johannes H; Hsieh, Wen-Feng; Chang, Richard K

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Develop high energy high power Li-ion battery cathode materials : a first principles computational study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

surface phase structural change, the materials thereforerelated phase/structural change nears the material surface.material voltage and change of lattice parameters versus Li concentration. In manganese spinel, phase

Xu, Bo; Xu, Bo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Energy transfer in clustered sites of Er3+ ions in LiNbO3 crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigated energy-transfer processes associated with clustered sites of Er3+ ions in LiNbO3 crystals leading to upconverted blue-green fluorescence and...

Ju, Jung Jin; Lee, Myung-Hyun; Cha, Myoungsik; Seo, Hyo Jin

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Second-Use Li-Ion Batteries to Aid Automotive and Utility Industries (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Repurposing Li-ion batteries at the end of useful life in electric drive vehicles could eliminate owners' disposal concerns and offer low-cost energy storage for certain applications.

Not Available

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Electrochemical properties of Li ion polymer battery with gel polymer electrolyte based on polyurethane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Gel polymer electrolyte (GPE) was prepared using polyurethane acrylate as polymer host and its performance was evaluated. LiCoO2/GPE/graphite cells were prepared and their electrochemical performance as a functio...

H-S. Kim; G-Y. Choi; S-I. Moon; S-P. Kim

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

A prospect for LiBH4 as on-board hydrogen storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In contrast to the traditional metal hydrides, in which hydrogen storage involves the reversible hydrogen entering/exiting of the host hydride lattice, LiBH4 releases hydrogen via decomposition that produces segr...

Ivan Saldan

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Co-synthesis of LiFePO4 and Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as low as 0.1% have been reported for nanotubes in epoxy. 8of LiFePO 4 and carbon nanotubes potentially bypassesthat multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs, Figure 1) and

Wilcox, James; Doeff, Marca M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Nanosheet-structured LiV3O8 with high capacity and excellent...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Highly stable LiV3O8 with a nanosheet-structure was successfully prepared using polyethylene glycol (PEG) polymer in the precursor solution as the structure modifying agent,...

469

Solving Regular Tree Grammar Based Constraints Yanhong A. Liu Ning Li Scott D. Stoller  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solving Regular Tree Grammar Based Constraints Yanhong A. Liu Ning Li Scott D. Stoller July 2000 and is then simpli ed according to a set of simpli cation rules to produce the solution. Usually, the constraints

Stoller, Scott

470

Observations of the Li, Be, and B isotopes and Constraints on Cosmic-ray Propagation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The abundance of Li, Be, and B isotopes in galactic cosmic rays (GCR) between E=50-200 MeV/nucleon has been observed by the Cosmic Ray Isotope Spectrometer (CRIS) on NASA's ACE mission since 1997 with high statistical accuracy. Precise observations of Li, Be, B can be used to constrain GCR propagation models. We find that a diffusive reacceleration model with parameters that best match CRIS results (e.g. B/C, Li/C, etc) are also consistent with other GCR observations. A {approx}15-20% overproduction of Li and Be in the model predictions is attributed to uncertainties in the production cross-section data. The latter becomes a significant limitation to the study of rare GCR species that are generated predominantly via spallation.

de Nolfo, Georgia A.; Moskalenko, I.V.; Binns, W.R.; Christian, E.R.; Cummings, A.C.; Davis, A.J.; George, J.S.; Hink, P.L.; Israel, M.H.; Leske, R.A.; Lijowski, M.; Mewaldt, R.A.; Stone, E.C.; Strong, A.W.; von Rosenvinge, T.T.; Wiedenbeck, M.E.; Yanasak, N.E.; /NASA, Goddard /Stanford U., HEPL /Washington U., St. Louis /NASA, Headquarters/Caltech, SRL /Aerospace Corp. /Garching, Max Planck Inst., MPE /Caltech, JPL; ,

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

471

Controlling the Decomposition Pathway of LiBH4 via Confinement in Highly Ordered Nanoporous Carbon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The wetting and decomposition behavior of LiBH4 has been investigated in the presence of highly ordered nanoporous hard carbon (NPC) with hexagonally packed 2 nm diameter columnar pores. Calorimetry, X-ray diffraction, and IR spectroscopy measurements ...

Xiangfeng Liu; David Peaslee; C. Z. Jost; E. H. Majzoub

2010-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

472

Study on LiCl waste salt treatment process by layer melt crystallization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Layer melt crystallization operated in a static mode has been applied to separate Group I and II chlorides from surrogate LiCl waste salt. The effects of operating conditions such as crystal growing rate(or flux) and initial impurity concentration on separation (or concentration) of cesium, strontium and barium involved in a LiCl melts were analyzed. In a layer crystallization process, separation was impaired by occlusion of impurities and by residual melt adhering to LiCl crystal after at the end of the process. The crystal growth rate strongly affects the crystal structure, therefore the separation efficiency, while the effect of the initial Cs and Sr concentration in LiCl molten salt was nearly negligible. (authors)

Cho, Yung-Zun; Lee, Tae-Kyo; Choi, Jung-Hoon; Eun, Hee-Chul; Park, Hwan-Seo; Kim, In-Tae; Park, Geun-Il [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, 1045 Daedeok-daero, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, 305-353 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Thermodynamic modelling of a double-effect LiBr-H2O absorption refrigeration cycle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The goal of this paper is to estimate the conductance of components required to achieve the approach temperatures, and gain insights into a double-effect absorption chiller using LiBr-H2O solution as the working ...

A. Iranmanesh; M. A. Mehrabian

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Widely-tunable femtosecond operation of Cr:LiSAF lasers using broadband saturable bragg reflectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe a low-cost diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF laser, mode-locked using a broadband saturable Bragg reflector. The laser produces continuously tunable sub-200-fs pulses from 800 nm to 905 nm.

Demirbas, Umit

475

Observations on microstructure and crystal structure of sintered lithium metatitanate with excess Li  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Crystal grain growth and crystallization of lithium metatitanate with excess Li (Li2+xTiO3+y), which is expected as an advanced ceramic breeder for a future DEMO fusion reactor, were studied in this paper. By the observation of sintered pellets using scanning electron microscope, it was shown that the Li2.1TiO3+y specimens, which have small grains (12?m) and narrow size distribution, can be obtained by sintering in the temperature range from 1000 to 1100C. The observation also showed the rapid grain growth in the Li2.1TiO3 specimens sintered above 1150C. The changes in the crystal structure and the phase transformation with the increase of sintering temperature were also investigated by means of powder X-ray diffraction. Finally, the relationship between the grain growth and the phase state at high temperature was discussed.

Keisuke Mukai; Kazuya Sasaki; Takayuki Terai; Akihiro Suzuki; Tsuyoshi Hoshino

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Novel synthesis and characterisation of Li-N-(H)-based materials for energy storage and conversion.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This work was motivated by the extensive research on Li-N-(H)-based materials, which have attracted increasing interest for potential applications in hydrogen storage and lithium-ion batteries (more)

Tapia Ruiz, Nuria

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Enhancing electrochemical performance of LiFePO4 by in situ reducing flexible graphene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Well-dispersed graphene materials reduced by Ac under hydrothermal condition...4 battery materials, which was synthesized at surface of graphene sheets. The as-prepared LiFePO4/graphene composites were characteri...

Lianhong Zhang; Hongyu Liang

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Graphene supported Li2SnO3 as anode material for lithium-ion batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The graphene supported Li2SnO3 composites were prepared via a deoxidation technique. The structure, morphology and electrochemical properties of the composites were detected by means of XRD, SEM, TEM, Raman, TGA ...

Yang Zhao; Ying Huang; Qiufen Wang; XiaoYa Wang; Meng Zong

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

LiDAR At Dixie Valley Geothermal Area (Helton, Et Al., 2011)...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fallon Geothermal Exploration Project. Notes High resolution LiDAR and 1:12000 scale low-sun-angle aerial photography was used in southern Dixie Valley to help better characterize...

480

GBL-based electrolyte for Li-ion battery: thermal and electrochemical performance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermal stability, flammability, and electrochemical performances of...4] have been examined in comparison with contemporary (EC/EMC, 1:3vol.%, 1M LiPF6...) electrolyte by DSC, accelerating rate calorimetry (AR...

Dmitry Belov; Deng-Tswen Shieh

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li lime ls" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Significant Cost Improvement of Li-Ion Cells Through Non-NMP...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

P.I. Yongkyu Son Johnson Controls 2014 DOE Vehicle Technologies Program Review June 17, 2014 Project ID : ES133 Significant Cost Improvement of Li-ion Cells Through Non-NMP...

482

Develop high energy high power Li-ion battery cathode materials : a first principles computational study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

develop the high energy high power cathode materials for LIBNew Cathode Material for Batteries of High- Energy Density.High Energy High Power Li-ion Battery Cathode Materials A

Xu, Bo; Xu, Bo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Transmission electron microscopy studies of GaN/gamma-LiAlO 2 heterostructures.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Die vorliegende Arbeit beschaeftigt sich mit dem strukturellen Aufbau von (1-100) M-plane GaN, das mit plasmaunterstuetzter Molekularstrahlepitaxie auf gamma-LiAlO2(100) Substraten gewachsen wurde. Die heteroepitaktische Ausrichtung (more)

Liu, Tian-Yu

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

High Energy Density Li-ion Cells for EVs Based on Novel, High...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Storage Systems Vehicle Technologies Annual Merit Review 6182014 1 High Energy Density Li-ion Cells for EV's Based on Novel, High Voltage Cathode Material Systems Keith D. Kepler...

485

Chronopotentiometry of Sm(II) and Pm(III) in molten LiCl-KCl eutectic.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Samarium (III) and promethium (III) were studied by chronopotentiometry in a molten LiCl-KC1 eutectic. Tungsten electrodes were used to avoid alloying effects encountered with platinum (more)

Nixon, Richard Allen

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

New Improved Equations For Na-K, Na-Li And Sio2 Geothermometers By Outlier  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Improved Equations For Na-K, Na-Li And Sio2 Geothermometers By Outlier Improved Equations For Na-K, Na-Li And Sio2 Geothermometers By Outlier Detection And Rejection Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: New Improved Equations For Na-K, Na-Li And Sio2 Geothermometers By Outlier Detection And Rejection Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: We present new improved equations for three still widely used Na/K, Na/Li and SiO2 geothermometers (obtained by statistical treatment of the data and application of outlier detection and rejection as well as theory of error propagation) and compare them with those by Fournier and others. New equations are also developed for estimating errors associated with the use of these new geothermometric equations and comparing them with the performance of the original equations. The errors in the use of the new

487

Proceedings of the AD HOC Workshop on Ceramics for Li/FeS{sub 2} batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Representatives from industry, the U.S. Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC), DOE, national laboratories, and other govt agencies met to develop recommendations and actions for accelerating the development of ceramic components critical to the successful introduction of the Li/FeS{sub 2} bipolar battery for electric vehicles. Most of the workshop is devoted to electrode materials, bipolar designs, separators, and bipolar plates. The bulk of this document is viewographs and is divided into: ceramics, USABC overview, SAFT`s Li/FeS{sub 2} USABC program, bipolar Li/FeS{sub 2} component development, design requirements for bipolar plates, separator design requirements, compatibility of ceramic insulators with lithium, characterization of MgO for use in separators, resistivity measurements of separators, sintered AlN separators for LiMS batteries, etc.

Not Available

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

488

How smooth is a devil's staircase? F.M. Dekking & Wenxia Li y  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

How smooth is a devil's staircase? F.M. Dekking #3; & Wenxia Li y Abstract Let the Cantor set C. Consider the distribution function which is often referred to as the Devil's staircase (for a = 1 3 ): F (x

Li, Wenxia

489

Electrochemical evaluation of LiCoO2 synthesized by decomposition and intercalation of hydroxides  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in commercial lithi- um-ion battery manufacturing [4±6]. Synthesis of LiCoO2 is typically carried out by a solid-state March 1998; accepted in revised form 19 May 1998 LiCoO2 has been synthesized by a solid-state synthesis the electrochemical perfor- mance. In a previous paper [13], we reported a new solid- state reaction method that can

Sadoway, Donald Robert

490

Electrochemical Performance of LiMnPO4 Synthesized with Off-Stoichiometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of LiMPO4 compounds is of interest as cathode ma- terials for rechargeable lithium batteries. LiFePO4 has been in- tensely studied and several techniques such as carbon coating, coat- ing with a metallic2PO4 using heat-treatments at 350°C for 10 h and at 700°C for 10 h under Ar or air atmosphere

Ceder, Gerbrand

491

Thermal Stability and Phase Transformation of Electrochemically Charged/Discharged LiMnPO4 Cathode for Li-Ion Battery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electrochemically active LiMnPO4 nanoplate at lithiated/delithiated state were subjected to thermal stability and phase transformation evaluate for safety as a cathode material for Li-ion battery. The phase transformation and oxygen evolution temperature on the delithiated MnPO4 were characterized using in-situ hot-stage X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), thermogravimetric - differential scanning calorimetry - mass spectroscopy (TGA-DSC-MS), transmission electron microscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) - energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDAX).

Choi, Daiwon; Xiao, Jie; Choi, Young Joon; Hardy, John S.; Vijayakumar, M.; Bhuvaneswari, M. S.; Liu, Jun; Xu, Wu; Wang, Wei; Yang, Zhenguo; Graff, Gordon L.; Zhang, Jiguang

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

The Puzzling Li-rich Red Giant Associated with NGC 6819  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Li-rich red giant star (2M19411367+4003382) recently discovered in the direction of NGC 6819 belongs to the rare subset of Li-rich stars that have not yet evolved to the luminosity bump, an evolutionary stage where models predict Li can be replenished. The currently favored model to explain Li enhancement in first-ascent red giants like 2M19411367+4003382 requires deep mixing into the stellar interior. Testing this model requires a measurement of 12C/13C, which is possible to obtain from APOGEE spectra. However, the Li-rich star also has abnormal asteroseismic properties that call into question its membership in the cluster, even though its radial velocity and location on color-magnitude diagrams are consistent with membership. To address these puzzles, we have measured a wide array of abundances in the Li-rich star and three comparison stars using spectra taken as part of the APOGEE survey to determine the degree of stellar mixing, address the question of membership, and measure the surface gravity. We con...

Carlberg, Joleen K; Cunha, Katia; Majewski, Steven R; Meszaros, Szabolcs; Shetrone, Matthew; Prieto, Carlos Allende; Bizyaev, Dmitry; Stassun, Keivan G; Fleming, Scott W; Zasowski, Gail; Hearty, Fred; Nidever, David L; Schneider, Donald P; Holtzman, Jon A; Frinchaboy, Peter M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Optimization of LiFePO4 Nanoparticle Suspensions with Polyethyleneimine for Aqueous Processing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Addition of dispersants to aqueous based lithium-ion battery electrode formulations containing LiFePO{sub 4} is critical to obtaining a stable suspension. The resulting colloidal suspensions enable dramatically improved coating deposition when processing electrodes. This research examines the colloidal chemistry modifications based on polyethyleneimine (PEI) addition and dispersion characterization required to produce high quality electrode formulations and coatings for LiFePO{sub 4} active cathode material. The isoelectric point, a key parameter in characterizing colloidal dispersion stability, of LiFePO{sub 4} and super P C45 were determined to be pH = 4.3 and 3.4, respectively. PEI, a cationic surfactant, was found to be an effective dispersant. It is demonstrated that 1.0 wt % and 0.5 wt % PEI were required to stabilize the LiFePO{sub 4} and super P C45 suspension, respectively. LiFePO{sub 4} cathode suspensions with 1.5 wt % PEI demonstrated the best dispersibility of all components, as evidenced by viscosity and agglomerate size of the suspensions and elemental distribution within dry cathodes. The addition of PEI significantly improved the LiFePO{sub 4} performance.

Li, Jianlin [ORNL; Armstrong, Beth L [ORNL; Kiggans, Jim [ORNL; Daniel, Claus [ORNL; Wood III, David L [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Disproportionation in Li-O{sub 2} Batteries Based on a Large Surface Area Carbon Cathode  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper we report on a kinetics study of the discharge process and its relationship to the charge overpotential in a Li-O{sub 2} cell for large surface area cathode material. The kinetics study reveals evidence for a first-order disproportionation reaction during discharge from an oxygen-rich Li{sub 2}O{sub 2} component with superoxide-like character to a Li{sub 2}O{sub 2} component. The oxygen-rich superoxide-like component has a much smaller potential during charge (3.2-3.5 V) than the Li{sub 2}O{sub 2} component (similar to 4.2 V). The formation of the superoxide-like component is likely due to the porosity of the activated carbon used in the Li-O{sub 2} cell cathode that provides a good environment for growth during discharge. The discharge product containing these two components is characterized by toroids, which are assemblies of nanoparticles. The morphologic growth and decomposition process of the toroids during the reversible discharge/charge process was observed by scanning electron microscopy and is consistent with the presence of the two components in the discharge product. The results of this study provide new insight into how growth conditions control the nature of discharge product, which can be used to achieve improved performance in Li-O{sub 2} cell.

Zhai, D.; Wang, H.-H.; Yang, J.; Lau, K. C.; Li, K.; Curtiss, L. A.; Amine, K. (Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division) [Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division

2013-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

495

Anisotropic phonon-dislocation scattering in deformed LiF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

By direct imaging of ballistic phonons having equivalent temperatures near 4 K in LiF, we have found that a subset of fast-transverse phonons can propagate without scattering even in heavily deformed samples. The highly anisotropic phonon-scattering cross section is consistent with the concept of fluttering dislocations. The magnitude of the scattering cross section has been obtained for the first time. For small plastic deformation the measured cross section agrees with that calculated theoretically using a measured dislocation density. However, at large deformation the calculated cross section is too small, supporting the speculation that a larger density of dislocation dipoles may provide the dominant scattering. Also consistent with the concept of fluttering dislocations, ? irradiation reduces the phonon scattering created by deformation, presumably by pinning of the dislocations. It is demonstrated that the method of phonon imaging used here provides details of phonon scattering processes which are not available from conventional thermal-transport measurements, especially when the scattering is anisotropic.

G. A. Northrop; E. J. Cotts; A. C. Anderson; J. P. Wolfe

1983-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

496

Theory of Dielectric Constants of LiF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The static and high-frequency dielectric constants and the effective charge of LiF are calculated on the basis of a simplified model in which the polarizability of the positive ion is neglected and that of the negative ion is attributed entirely to perturbations in the outermost subshell (2p) of electrons. The present calculation differs from the variational treatment of Yamashita mainly in the inclusion of perturbed wave functions differs from the variational treatment of Yamashita mainly in the inclusion of perturbed wave functions for the 2p electrons which are orthogonal to the core-electron wave functions. Also, different methods are employed in evaluating portions of the energy of the crystal in a field and in deducing the effective charge ratio e*e from the calculated energy. It is found that the use of trial wave functions which preserve the orthogonality within individual ions is of prime importance, and leads to results in generally better agreement with observation than the previously used nonorthogonal functions.

Edwin R. Levin and Elmer L. Offenbacher

1960-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Lithium transition metal fluorophosphates (Li{sub 2}CoPO{sub 4}F and Li{sub 2}NiPO{sub 4}F) as cathode materials for lithium ion battery from atomistic simulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lithium transition metal fluorophosphates (Li{sub 2}MPO{sub 4}F, M: Co and Ni) have been investigated from atomistic simulation. In order to predict the characteristics of these materials as cathode materials for lithium ion batteries, structural property, defect chemistry, and Li{sup +} ion transportation property are characterized. The coreshell model with empirical force fields is employed to reproduce the unit-cell parameters of crystal structure, which are in good agreement with the experimental data. In addition, the formation energies of intrinsic defects (Frenkel and antisite) are determined by energetics calculation. From migration energy calculations, it is found that these flurophosphates have a 3D Li{sup +} ion diffusion network forecasting good Li{sup +} ion conducting performances. Accordingly, we expect that this study provides an atomic scale insight as cathode materials for lithium ion batteries. - Graphical abstract: Lithium transition metal fluorophosphates (Li{sub 2}CoPO{sub 4}F and Li{sub 2}NiPO{sub 4}F). Display Omitted - Highlights: Lithium transition metal fluorophosphates (Li{sub 2}MPO{sub 4}F, M: Co and Ni) are investigated from classical atomistic simulation. The unit-cell parameters from experimental studies are reproduced by the coreshell model. Li{sup +} ion conducting Li{sub 2}MPO{sub 4}F has a 3D Li{sup +} ion diffusion network. It is predicted that Li/Co or Li/Ni antisite defects are well-formed at a substantial concentration level.

Lee, Sanghun, E-mail: sh0129.lee@samsung.com; Park, Sung Soo, E-mail: sung.s.park@samsung.com

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

498

Thermal and electrochemical characterization of MCMB/LiNi{sub 1/3}Co{sub l/3}Mn{sub l/3}O{sub 2} using LiBoB as an electrolyte additive.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The gas generation associated with the use of the lithium bis(oxalate)borate--(LiBoB) based electrolyte at the elevated temperature were detected in the pouch cell (MCMB/LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 with 10% excess Li), which might prevent the LiBoB usage as a salt. However, the cell capacity retention was improved significantly, from 87 to 96% at elevated temperature, when using LiBoB as an electrolyte additive. The capacity fade during cycling is discussed using dQ/dE, area specific impedance, and frequency response analysis results. Most of the capacity loss in the cell is associated with the rise in the cell impedance. Moreover, results from the differential scanning calorimetry indicate that the thermal stability of the negative electrode with the solid electrolyte interface (SEI) formed by the reduction of the LiBoB additive was greatly improved compared with that obtained from the reduction of LiPF6-based electrolyte without additive. In this case, the onset temperature of the breakdown of the LiBoB-based SEI is 150 C which is higher than that of the conventional electrolyte without additive. Furthermore, the total heat generated between 60 and 170 C is reduced from 213 to 70 J g{sup -1} when using LiBoB as electrolyte additive compared to the one without additive. In addition, the thermal stability of the charged LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 with 10% excess Li was not affected when using LiBoB as an electrolyte additive.

Lu, W.; Chen, Z.; Joachin, H.; Prakash, J.; Liu, J.; Amine, K.; Chemical Engineering; Illinois Inst. of Tech.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Li{sub 4}FeH{sub 6}: Iron-containing complex hydride with high gravimetric hydrogen density  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Li{sub 4}FeH{sub 6}, which has the highest gravimetric hydrogen density of iron-containing complex hydrides reported so far, is synthesized by hydrogenation of a powder mixture of iron and LiH above 6.1 GPa at 900?C. In situ synchrotron radiation X-ray diffraction measurements reveal that while kinetics require high temperature and thus high pressure for the synthesis, Li{sub 4}FeH{sub 6} is expected to be thermodynamically stable slightly below room temperature at ambient pressure; further synthetic studies to suppress the kinetic effects may enable us to synthesize Li{sub 4}FeH{sub 6} at moderate pressures. Li{sub 4}FeH{sub 6} can be recovered at ambient conditions where Li{sub 4}FeH{sub 6} is metastable.

Saitoh, Hiroyuki, E-mail: cyto@spring8.or.jp [Quantum Beam Science Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Takagi, Shigeyuki; Matsuo, Motoaki; Aoki, Katsutoshi [Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Iijima, Yuki [WPI-Advanced Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Endo, Naruki [Renewable Energy Research Center, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Fukushima 963-0215 (Japan); Orimo, Shin-ichi [Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); WPI-Advanced Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan)

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Air stable Al2O3-coated Li2NiO2 cathode additive as a surplus current consumer in a Li-ion cell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cathode additive is prepared by coating with Al iso-propoxide on Li2NiO2, obtained from firing exothermic reaction with an electrolyte during the overcharging process, which may result in a short-circuiting of the cell.5­9 A combination of the temperature increase and the internal short circuit of the cell

Cho, Jaephil