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1

Liberia-NREL Biomass Resource Assessment | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Liberia-NREL Biomass Resource Assessment Liberia-NREL Biomass Resource Assessment Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Liberia Biomass Resource Assessment Name Liberia Biomass Resource Assessment Agency/Company /Organization National Renewable Energy Laboratory Partner U.S. Agency for International Development Sector Energy Focus Area Biomass Topics Resource assessment, Background analysis Resource Type Dataset, Maps, Software/modeling tools Website http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy09o Country Liberia Western Africa References Assessment of Biomass Resources in Liberia [1] Abstract This study was conducted to estimate the biomass resources currently and potentially available in the country and evaluate their contribution for power generation and the production of transportation fuels

2

Liberia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Liberia: Energy Resources Liberia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":6.428055,"lon":-9.429499,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

3

Liberia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Liberia: Energy Resources (Redirected from ECOWAS Gateway-Liberia) Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":6.428055,"lon":-9.429499,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

4

Liberia-US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation Jump to: navigation, search Name Liberia-US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation Agency/Company /Organization United States Forest Service Sector Land Focus Area Forestry Topics Background analysis Website http://www.fs.fed.us/global/to Country Liberia Western Africa References US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation[1] "Liberia contains over 40% of the remaining closed canopy rainforest in West Africa, a sizeable carbon sink. The Forest Service works with the Government of Liberia to reorganize its forest service and forestry sector in the post-conflict era. The US Forest Service helped develop a chain of custody system for tracking timber and a financial management

5

Women and post-conflict development : a case study on Liberia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Liberia seems an ostensible 'poster child' in light of the call by women's rights advocates to insert women in all aspects of the political, social, and economic transition in post-conflict countries. Liberia has elected ...

Massaquoi, William N

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

LI  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

\ \ LI g. / This document con&s of lf pages. No. 1 &of #copies, Series fl . .! ' \ ' > .b P .--r ' i ' ./' MJDIFICATION NO. k sUPPLEMENTALAMw24ENrto CONTRACT NO. A T (30-l)-1335 M O D IFICATION NO. 4 CONTRACTOR AND A D D m S : KIDIFICATION TO: -EINESTIEUTED CCSTOFWORKr TOTAT,ESTIIUTEDC~T OFWRKI INCREASEIN C O M K rSSI~ OBLlDATIONt NEMTOTALCOMMISSION OBLIOaTIONt PAYl%NTTDBEMADEBY: HORIZONS, INCORPOlZATED R-inceton, New Jersey AIBNDSCOPEOFK#tK,EXTENDTR?M AND OTflER CHANOES $&31,lbOO (exclusive of fixed fee of $20,550.00) @549,484.00 (exchsive of fixed fee of $27,950.00) $l50,000.00 $rrS, 740*~ Division of Disburseaaent, United States T reasury Department, New York, New PO&. Submlt invoices to8 United State8 Atomic Energy Commission, P. 0. Box 30, Anaonia Station,

7

Cultural Arts: The Gateway to Healing for Urban Youth in Post-Conflict Liberia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

47 Chapter 3 Cultural Arts Indigenous to Liberia 50 Significance of Poro and Sande Societies 51 Traditional Music, Dance, and Crafts 65 Parables, Fables, Literature, and Humor 69... in constant motion. Sometimes two or three young women jump in to dance the movements learned in synchrony in bush school. Old women mimic the patterns in slow motion. Men, alone, or with others, dance and then seem to spin nonstop for unbelievable...

Heley, Kay E.

2010-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

8

The African Republic of Liberia and the Belgian Congo: based on the Observations made and Material collected during the Harvard African Expedition, 19261927  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... secondly, to cross the continent from west to east, travelling particularly through the Belgian Congo. After the survey of Liberia was completed, the expedition proceeded by sea to the ... . After the survey of Liberia was completed, the expedition proceeded by sea to the Congo and up that river to Stanleyville, continuing up the Lualaba to Kabalo, then eastward ...

C. CHRISTY

1931-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

9

A=8Li (66LA04)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SE63I). Analysis in both PWBA and DWBA is reported by (HA61F): the latter leads to nearly ten times larger 2n. The cross section for 7Li(d, p)8Li*()8Li has been measured for Ed...

10

07Li  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Li Thermal Neutron Capture Evaluated Data Measurements 1967RA24: 6Li(n, ), E thermal; measured E; deduced Q. 1968SP01: 6Li(n, ), E thermal; measured E, I; deduced Q....

11

08Li  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thermal Neutron Capture Evaluated Data Measurements 1967RA24: 7Li(n, ), E thermal; measured E; deduced Q. 1973JUZT, 1973JUZU: 7Li(n, ), E thermal; measured (E). 7Li...

12

Patch Bounding Circles Nearest Neighbor >100ha  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Patch Bounding Circles Nearest Neighbor >100ha 0 meters / >100ha Edge Dumbarton Marsh New Chicago Marsh Guadalupe Slough Bair Island 0 5 Miles 0 5 Kilometers µ Patch patterns of tidal marsh. We used the marsh patch boundaries as potential barriers to movement for tidal

13

Ha Emission from the Magellanic Bridge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present here a preliminary report and commentary of recently processed observations of Ha emission towards the Magellanic Bridge. These data have been analysed in an attempt to quantify the extent to which the stellar population is capable of reshaping the local ISM. We find that the Ha emission regions are small, weak and sparsely distributed, consistent with a relatively quiescent and inactive ISM where radiative and collisional ionisation is inefficient and sporadic. This suggests that energetic processes at the small scale (i.e. ~tens of pc) do not dominate the energy balance within the ISM of the Bridge, which therefore hosts a pristine turbulent structure, otherwise inaccessible within our own Galaxy. We find Ha emission that is well correlated with detected 12CO(1-0) line emission (a proxy for molecular hydrogen), as well as other easily identified ring-like HI features.

E. Muller; Q. Parker

2007-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

14

Yuyi Li  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Yuyi Li Yuyi Li Yuyi Li Electrochemical Technologies Group Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Road MS 62-0203 Berkeley CA 94720 Office Location: 62-0325 (510) 486-6894 YuyiLi@lbl.gov I am the lab manager of the Batteries for Advanced Transportation Technologies (BATT) program. I support the research operation of all electrochemistry groups in different areas. My goal is to provide the best service to researchers, so they can focus on scientific research and free from distractions, such as running out of lab supplies or equipment malfunctions. I was born and raised in Guangdong province of China, and immigrated to the U.S at age 19. After I earned a bachelor degree in chemical engineering from UCLA, I had worked in the R&D department of an organic photovoltaic

15

LI I  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

LI LI I (I LI 1 m r - m " P pr II II I I c - 81-r J-7 . ba OAK RCEIGE MBTSC3NAL liJM!DRAT~F-zY OPERATED OY OPERATED OY MAflTlN MAHlETTA @El&Y ?Z!SEMS, HE. MAflTlN MAHlETTA @El&Y ?Z!SEMS, HE. FOR THE UNfTEfl STATES FOR THE UNfTEfl STATES ORNL/RASA-88/59 RESULTS OF THE RADIOLOGICAL SURVEY AT DIEBOLD SAFE COMPANY, 1550 GRAND BOULEVARD, HAMILTON, OHIO (HOOol) R. D. Foley L. M. Floyd OEPARTMENT Of ENERGY This report has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from the Office of Scientific and Techni- cal Information, P.O. Box 62, Oak Ridge, TN 37831; prices available from (615) 576-840 1, FTS 626-840 1. Available to the public from the National Technical Information Service, U.S. Department of Commerce, 5285 Port Royal Rd. S ringfield, VA 22161.

16

C: LI  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

C: C: LI c1 T - P- LI m m m c I C F II c( L e3 I 7 ,' r,L .zpl I-' . "* IL.8 -1 p @ z> Cerfification Docket for the Remedid Action Performed at the G ranite City Site in G ranite City, Illinois, June 7993 Department of Energy Former Sites Restoration Division Oak Ridge Operations O ffice September 7994 613 Printed on recycledhcydable paper. 4.1514023.6 .- CERTIFICATION DOCKET FOR THE REMEDIAL ACTION PERFORMED AT THE GRANITE CITY SITE IN GRANITE CITY, ILLINOIS, JUNE 1993 SEPTEMBER 1994 Prepared for UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Oak Ridge Operations Office Under Contract No. DE-ACOS-91OR21949 Bechtel National, Inc. Oak Ridge, Tennessee Bechtel Job No. 14501 CONTENTS "I_ FIGURES ............................................. TABLES .............................................

17

L LI LI I I  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

rA.,/q rA.,/q c - ofrd L LI LI I I c I I I - I I - c c F ORNL/RASA-9413 Results of the Supplementary Radiological Survey at the Former C. H. Schnoor and Company Site, 644 Garfield Street, Springdale, Pennsylvania (CVPOOl) R. L Coleman M. E. Murray IS. S. Brown This report has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from the Office of Scientiic and Techni- cal Information, P.O. Box 62, Oak Ridge, TN 37631; prices available from (615) 576640 1, IT3 626640 1. Available to the public from the National Technical Information Service, U.S. Department of Commerce, 5265 Port Royal Rd., Springfield, VA 22161. 1 I I I This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any

18

The Reading Leader Spring 2008 page 1 HaSkinS LiTeRacy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. We welcome feedback from fellow Reading Leaders! haskins laBoratories 300 george Street, Suite 900, and world renowned for basic scientific research on language, reading and the brain, Pugh lights up when

19

Possible global warming futures Minh Ha-Duong  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Possible global warming futures Minh Ha-Duong Minh.Ha.Duong@cmu.edu CNRS, France HDGC, Carnegie Mellon Possible global warming futures ­ p.1/36 #12;SRES: Forecasts or scenarios? +5.5 C in 2100 the controversy using imprecise probabilities, a more general information theory. . . Possible global warming

20

By Diana Ha, Undergraduate, UNLV What is a Forensic Scientist?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By Diana Ha, Undergraduate, UNLV What is a Forensic Scientist? Forensic science is a broad of which are categorized into different fields within forensics. Although the field of forensics

Walker, Lawrence R.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li liberia ha" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Dan Li: Curriculum Vitae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aug 27, 2014 ... Curriculum Vitae. Dan Li. Contact Information. Department of Mathematics,. Purdue University. 150 N. University Street,. West Lafayette, IN...

Dan Li

2014-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

22

Li-Z  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Surface and Top-of-the-Atmosphere from Modeling and Observations Z. Li and A. Trishchenko Canada Centre for Remote Sensing Ottawa, Ontario, Canada M. Cribb Intermap Technologies...

23

Thermal Stability of LiPF6 Salt and Li-ion Battery Electrolytes Containing LiPF6  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermal Stability of LiPF 6 Salt and Li-ion Batterythermal stability of the neat LiPF 6 salt and of 1 molal solutions of LiPF 6 in prototypical Li-ion battery

Yang, Hui; Zhuang, Guorong V.; Ross Jr., Philip N.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Thermal Stability of LiPF6 Salt and Li-ion Battery Electrolytes Containing LiPF6  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of LiPF 6 Salt and Li-ion Battery Electrolytes ContainingLiPF 6 in prototypical Li-ion battery solvents was studied6 and the prototypical Li- ion battery solvents EC, PC, DMC

Yang, Hui; Zhuang, Guorong V.; Ross Jr., Philip N.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

6Li Cross Section  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6Li(p, X) (Current as of 05152012) NSR Reaction Ep (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 2004TU02 6Li(p, ): coincidence yields, deduced S-factors low 1, S-factors from...

26

7Li Cross Section  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

, X) (Current as of 05142012) NSR Reaction E (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 2004GY02 7Li(, ): deduced absolute resonance strengths 810 - 820 keV X4 02...

27

7Li Cross Section  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

p, X) (Current as of 05152012) NSR Reaction Ep (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 1997GO13 7Li(pol. p, ): total , S-factor for capture to third-excited state 0 -...

28

6Li Cross Section  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

, X) (Current as of 01212015) NSR Reaction E (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 1985NE05 6Li(, ): thick target yield resonance X4 02152012 1966FO05...

29

Structural Characterization of Li  

SciTech Connect

Pristine Li{sub 1-z-x}Ni{sub 1+z}O{sub 2} (z=0.02, 0.07, and 0.25) and deintercalated Li{sub x}Ni{sub 1.02}O{sub 2} (x=0.82 and 0.63) phases were characterized by neutron diffraction. In all cases, the amount of nickel in the lithium sites was found to be identical to that deduced from X-ray diffraction experiments. The sensitivity of the neutron studies allowed us to show that no lithium ions are in the NiO{sub 2} slabs for z=0.02 and 0.07. A Li/Ni mixing appears only for the most lithium-deficient phase leading to the [Li{sub 0.73}Ni{sub 0.27}]{sub 3b}[Ni{sub 0.98}Li{sub 0.02}]{sub 3a}O{sub 2} cationic distribution for the Li{sub 0.75}Ni{sub 1.25}O{sub 2} phase. Determination of the anisotropic atomic displacement parameters confirms the results previously obtained from EXAFS data. The structural characterization of partially deintercalated phases was in good agreement with the XRD analysis. However, in the case of Li{sub 0.63}Ni{sub 1.02}O{sub 2}, it gave evidence for the presence of a small amount of rhombohedral phase due to fluctuations in the composition of the starting material.

Pouillerie, C.; Suard, E.; Delmas, C.

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

C LI CI  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

LI LI CI - - 11 C LI I I Mb II II OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY UPERml BY M A R T IN M A R IETTA ENERGY S Y S T E M S , INC. FOR THE UNfTEG STATES OEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ORNLITM-10007 RADIOLOGICAL SURVEY OF THE PERIMETER FENCE LINE OF THE FORMER COTTER SITE, HAZELWOOD, M ISSOURI (LM002) R. F. Carrier W . D. Cottrell FILE COPY This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the UnitedStatesGovernment. NeithertheUnitedStatesGovernment noranyagency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein

31

Mixed Salts of LiTFSI and LiBOB for Stable LiFePO4-Based Batteries...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mixed Salts of LiTFSI and LiBOB for Stable LiFePO4-Based Batteries at Elevated Temperatures. Mixed Salts of LiTFSI and LiBOB for Stable LiFePO4-Based Batteries at Elevated...

32

Yan Li | BNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Yan Li Yan Li Assistant Computational Scientist Education Ph.D., Physics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign B.S. Physics, Peking University, China Professional Affiliations American Physical Society (APS) American Chemical Society (ACS) Areas of Interest First-principles simulations of nanostructures, surface and interfaces Optical and excited state properties of materials Weak interactions in organic self-assemblies, molecular crystals and biomaterials Multilevel computational modeling of large and complex systems Experience 2011 -present, Assistant Computational Scientist, Computational Science Center, Brookhaven National Lab 2010 - 2011, Research Associate, Computational Science Center, Brookhaven National Lab 2006 - 2010, Postdoctoral Researcher, University of California,

33

Contribution of Li-Ion Batteries to the Environmental Impact of Electric Vehicles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Contribution of Li-Ion Batteries to the Environmental Impact of Electric Vehicles ... The production of concentrated lithium brine includes inspissations of lithium containing brine by solar energy in the desert of Atacama. ... Concerning EI99 H/A, the production of the anode generates the highest impact, while CED, GWP, and ADP show the highest impact for the production of the cathode. ...

Dominic A. Notter; Marcel Gauch; Rolf Widmer; Patrick Wger; Anna Stamp; Rainer Zah; Hans-Jrg Althaus

2010-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

34

Li2ikk+  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Li2ikk+ Li2ikk+ 0/-/.3~+ ' Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 m 19 1999 Mr. William R. Augustine Deputy Chief Programs Management Division U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Depanment of the Army Washington. D.C. 203 14-1000 Dear Mr. Augustine: I am writing to you as a follow-up to discussions our staffs have had regarding two former Department of the Army facilities in the Formerly Used Defense Sites (FUDS) program where the former Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) also conducted activities. These sites are the former Marion Engineer Depot and the former Scioto Ordnance Plant, both just outside of Marion, Ohio. The Department of Energy (DOE) has records relating to both of these facilities. Since there has been public concern regarding the possibility of residual radioactivity at

35

Controlled Nucleation and Growth Process of Li2S2/Li2S in Lithium...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nucleation and Growth Process of Li2S2Li2S in Lithium-Sulfur Batteries. Controlled Nucleation and Growth Process of Li2S2Li2S in Lithium-Sulfur Batteries. Abstract:...

36

Electronic Properties of LiFePO4 and Li doped LiFePO4  

SciTech Connect

The potential use of different iron phosphates as cathodematerials in lithium-ion batteries has recently been investigated.1 Oneof the promising candidates is LiFePO4. This compound has severaladvantages in comparison to the state-of-the-art cathode material incommercial rechargeable lithium batteries. Firstly, it has a hightheoretical capacity (170 mAh/g). Secondly, it occurs as mineraltriphylite in nature and is inexpensive, thermally stable, non-toxic andnon-hygroscopic. However, its low electronic conductivity (~;10-9 S/cm)results in low power capability. There has been intense worldwideresearch activity to find methods to increase the electronic conductivityof LiFePO4, including supervalent ion doping,2 introducingnon-carbonaceous network conduction3 and carbon coating, and theoptimization of the carbon coating on LiFePO4 particle surfaces.4Recently, the Li doped LiFePO4 (Li1+xFe1-xPO4) synthesized at ARL hasyield electronic conductivity increase up to 106.5 We studied electronicstructure of LiFePO4 and Li doped LiFePO4 by synchrotron based soft X-rayemission (XES) and X-ray absorption (XAS) spectroscopies. XAS probes theunoccupied partial density of states, while XES the occupied partialdensity of states. By combining XAS and XES measurements, we obtainedinformation on band gap and orbital character of both LiFePO4 and Lidoped LiFePO4. The occupied and unoccupied oxygen partial density ofstates (DOS) of LiFePO4 and 5 percent Li doped LiFePO4 are presented inFig. 1. Our experimental results clearly indicate that LiFePO4 has wideband gap (~; 4 eV). This value is much larger than what is predicted byDFT calculation. For 5 percent Li doped LiFePO4, a new doping state wascreated closer to the Fermi level, imparting p-type conductivity,consistent with thermopower measurement. Such observation substantiatesthe suggestion that high electronic conductivity in Li1.05Fe0.95 PO4 isdue to available number of charge carriers in the material. Furthermore,Hall effect measurement on Li doped sample confirmed presence of freecharge carriers, which are responsible for the observed electronicconductivity increase in Li doped LiFePO4. There is no evidence that Fe3+valence is created by doping with excessive Li+ in Li1.05Fe0.95PO4, asshown by Fe-edge XAS. (Fig.2) Instead, charge-carrier holes resideprimarily in unoccupied O 2p states, which compensate for the chargedeficiency from Li+ substitution for Fe2+. The increased conductivity inLi1.05Fe0.95PO4 is attributed to the new charge carriers (doped holes)and the strong electron correlation between O 2p and Fe 3dstates.

Zhuang, G.V.; Allen, J.L.; Ross, P.N.; Guo, J.-H.; Jow, T.R.

2005-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

37

Graphene/Li-ion battery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Density function theory calculations were carried out to clarify storage states of Lithium (Li) ions in graphene clusters. The adsorption energy spin polarization charge distribution electronic gap surface curvature and dipole momentum were calculated for each cluster. Li-ion adsorbed graphene doped by one Li atom is spin polarized so there would be different gaps for different spin polarization in electrons. Calculation results demonstrated that a smaller cluster between each two larger clusters is preferable because it could improve grapheneLi-ion batteries; consequently the most proper graphene anode structure has been proposed.

Narjes Kheirabadi; Azizollah Shafiekhani

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

li(2)-98.pdf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Analysis of ARESE Measurements Regarding Cloud Absorption Z. Li and A. Trishchenko Canada Centre for Remote Sensing Ottawa, Ontario, Canada H. W. Barker Atmospheric...

39

Low Temperature Milling of the LiNH2 + LiH Hydrogen Storage System...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Milling of the LiNH2 + LiH Hydrogen Storage System. Low Temperature Milling of the LiNH2 + LiH Hydrogen Storage System. Abstract: Ball milling of the LiNH2 + LiH storage system was...

40

Nanoscale LiFePO4 and Li4Ti5O12 for High Rate Li-ion Batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

12 for High Rate Li-ion Batteries A. Jaiswal 1 , C. R. Hornenext generation of Li-ion batteries for consumer electronics

Jaiswal, A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li liberia ha" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Electronic Properties of LiFePO4 and Li doped LiFePO4  

SciTech Connect

LiFePO{sub 4} has several potential advantages in comparison to the transition metal oxide cathode materials used in commercial lithium-ion batteries. However, its low intrinsic electronic conductivity ({approx} 10{sup -9} S/cm) is problematic. We report here a study by soft x-ray absorption/emission spectroscopy of the electronic properties of undoped LiFePO{sub 4} and Li-doped LiFePO{sub 4} in which Li{sup +} ions are substituted for Fe{sup 2+} ions in an attempt to increase the intrinsic electronic conductivity. The conductivities of the Li{sub 1+x}Fe{sub 1-x}PO{sub 4} samples were, however, essentially unchanged from that of the undoped LiFePO{sub 4}. Nonetheless, evidence for changing the electronic properties of LiFePO{sub 4} by doping with excess Li+ was observed by the XAS/XES spectroscopy. New pre-edge features the O-1s XAS spectrum of Li{sub 1.05}Fe{sub 0.95}PO4 is a direct indication that the charge compensation for substitution of Fe{sup 2+} by Li{sup +} resides in the unoccupied O-2p orbitals. A charge transfer (CT) excitation was also observed in the doped material implying that the unoccupied O-2p orbitals created by doping are strongly hybridized with unoccupied Fe-3d orbitals of neighboring sites. However, the strong covalent bonding within the (PO{sub 4}){sup 3-} anions and the large separation of the Fe cations means that the charge created by doping is not delocalized in the manner of electrons or holes in a semiconductor.

Allen, J.L.; Zhuang, G.V.; Ross, P.N.; Guo, J.-H.; Jow, T.R.

2006-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

42

UJ LiJ  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

- - o >- tD o UJ :> LiJ o W ~ Central Nevada-23 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GEOLOGICAL SURVEY Federal Center, Denver, Colorado 80225 ANALYSIS OF HYDRAULIC TESTS IN HOT CREEK VALLEY, NEVADA June 1970 Open-file report Prepared Under Contract AT(29-2)-474 for the Nevada Operations Office U.S. Atomic Energy Commission USGS-474-82 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency Thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately

43

Identity of Passive Film Formed on Aluminum in Li-ion Battery Electrolytes with LiPF6  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Film on Aluminum in Li-ion Battery Electrolytes with LiPFFormed on Aluminum in Li-ion Battery Electrolytes with LiPFbattery charging. From the prospective of maintaining a functioning cathode in Li-ion

Zhang, Xueyuan; Devine, T.M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

CURRICULUM VITAE Dr. Jing Li  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 CURRICULUM VITAE Dr. Jing Li Industrial Engineering, Computer Engineering School of Computing Outstanding Junior Faculty Award, School of Computing, Informatics and Decision Systems Engineering, ASU, 2013 Grant, "A Computational Infrastructure to Support Evidence- based Proton Beam Treatment Planning," 2013

Li, Jing

45

Making Li-air batteries rechargeable: material challenges. |...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Li-air batteries rechargeable: material challenges. Making Li-air batteries rechargeable: material challenges. Abstract: A Li-air battery could potentially provide three to five...

46

Development of Li+ alumino-silicate ion source  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

yellow line) from a ?-Spodumene Li test source, operated atexceeding 1200 0 C. ?-spodumene and ? eucryptite Li sourcesdeveloping high quality ?-spodumene and ?-eucryptite Li ion

Roy, P.K.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Fabrication of Li-intercalated bilayer graphene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have succeeded in fabricating Li-intercalated bilayer graphene on silicon carbide. The low-energy electron diffraction from Li-deposited bilayer graphene shows a sharp 3 3 R 30 pattern in contrast to Li-deposited monolayer graphene. This indicates that Li atoms are intercalated between two adjacent graphene layers and take the same well-ordered superstructure as in bulk C6Li. The angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy has revealed that Li atoms are fully ionized and the ? bands of graphene are systematically folded by the superstructure of intercalated Li atoms producing a snowflake-like Fermi surface centered at the ? point. The present result suggests a high potential of Li-intercalated bilayer graphene for application to a nano-scale Li-ion battery.

K. Sugawara; K. Kanetani; T. Sato; T. Takahashi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

A novel semidwarf mutant 02428ha in rice is caused by reduced gibberellin sensitivity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The rice (Oryza sativa L.) elongated uppermost internode (eui) gene effectively results in a recessive tall plant type. In eui background, we found a mutant 02428ha that exhibited a semidwarf phenotype. Because s...

Suobing Zhang; Renxiao Chen; Ling Zhao; Zhen Zhu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Tailoring Li adsorption on graphene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The technological potential of functionalized graphene has recently stimulated considerable interest in the study of the adsorption of metal atoms on graphene. However, a complete understanding of the optimal adsorption pattern of metal atoms on a graphene substrate has not been easy because of atomic relaxations at the interface and the interaction between metal atoms. We present a partial particle swarm optimization technique that allows us to efficiently search for the equilibrium geometries of metal atoms adsorbed on a substrate as a function of adatom concentration. Using Li deposition on graphene as an example we show that, contrary to previous works, Li atoms prefer to cluster, forming four-atom islands, irrespective of their concentration. We further show that an external electric field applied vertically to the graphene surface or doping with boron can prevent this clustering, leading to the homogeneous growth of Li.

Jian Zhou; Qiang Sun; Qian Wang; Puru Jena

2014-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

50

Improved Positive Electrode Materials for Li-ion Batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the assembled Li-ion battery, such as the operating1-4: Schematic of a Li-ion battery. Li + ions are shuttledprocessing of active Li-ion battery materials. Various

Conry, Thomas Edward

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Li ion migration in Li3PO4 electrolytes: Effects of O vacancies and N substitutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Li ion migration in Li3PO4 electrolytes: Effects of O vacancies and N substitutions Y. A. Dua and N structures of isolated defects associated with extrinsic Li ion vacancies and interstitials. In particular the combination of an O vacancy and a N substitution, stabilizing a Li ion vacancy. We also studied the effects

Holzwarth, Natalie

52

Pneumothorax in Liberia: Complications of Tuberculosis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with shortness of breath and cough, and with some degree ofhealth center, with fever, cough, dyspnea, and tachypnea.after several weeks of cough and fever. Chest radiograph (

Grossman, Daniel B; Nasrallah, Erin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Exploring Earth-Building Technology for Liberia.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This paper discusses earth as a building material and the extent to which earth building technology has evolved over the years. In particular it (more)

Mayon, Isaac Dompo

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Dynamics of the forest communities at Pasoh and Barro Colorado: comparing two 50ha plots  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...communities at Pasoh and Barro Colorado: comparing two 50-ha plots...Comparable figures at the Barro Colorado Island site in Panama (BCI...dipterocarp forests of north-western Borneo. J. Ecol. 80, 459...hecta reas en la Isla de Barro Colorado en Panama . In Estudios sobre...

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

HA' R$,kAW CH EM I CAL CO,M i=ANY A  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

TH Ii ' HA' R,kAW CH EM I CAL CO,M iANY A December 30, 1955 U. S. Atomic Energy Commission Oak Ridge OperationwOfflce Post Office Box "E" Oak Ridge, Tennessee Attention: Mr. T....

56

By Diana Ha, Undergraduate, UNLV So What Does it Take to Become a Forensic Scientists?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By Diana Ha, Undergraduate, UNLV So What Does it Take to Become a Forensic Scientists broad spectrum of requirements for each specialty. Forensic scientists may have backgrounds in biology for becoming a forensic scientist in general terms. It depends on which specialty one decides to go into

Walker, Lawrence R.

57

Women @ Energy: Yan Li | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Yan Li Yan Li Women @ Energy: Yan Li March 12, 2013 - 9:23am Addthis Yan Li is a Computational Physicist at the Computational Science Center at Brookhaven National Laboratory. Yan Li is a Computational Physicist at the Computational Science Center at Brookhaven National Laboratory. Yan Li is a Computational Physicist at the Computational Science Center at Brookhaven National Laboratory. Her work is mainly focused on developing and applying advanced computational tools to investigate material properties of crystal, surfaces/interfaces and nanostructures. Yan got her Ph.D in Physics from University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Before becoming a staff scientist at BNL, Yan worked at the University of California, Davis as a postodoral researcher. Yan holds a Bachelors of

58

LiCoO2-and LiMn2O4-based composite cathode materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have prepared composite cathode materials based on two electrochemically active compounds, LiCoO2 and LiMn2O4..., and investigated their properties. The results indicate that the discharge capacities of all th...

Ya. V. Shatilo; E. V. Makhonina; V. S. Pervov; V. S. Dubasova

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Transport properties of LiAl  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In "real" LiAl (NaTl structure: Fd3m), the majority carriers govern the transport properties are holes at 77 and 300 K. The decrease in Hall coefficients and the increase in electrical resistivity with the increase of Li composition are understood in terms of the "defect" structure of LiAl. The relationship between the transport properties and band structure is discussed using the semimetallic band structure proposed by Zunger.

K. Kuriyama; T. Kamijoh; T. Nozaki

1980-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

60

Nanoscale LiFePO4 and Li4Ti5O12 for High Rate Li-ion Batteries  

SciTech Connect

The electrochemical performances of nanoscale LiFePO4 and Li4Ti5O12 materials are described in this communication. The nanomaterials were synthesized by pyrolysis of an aerosol precursor. Both compositions required moderate heat-treatment to become electrochemically active. LiFePO4 nanoparticles were coated with a uniform, 2-4 nm thick carbon-coating using an organic precursor in the heat treatment step and showed high tap density of 1.24 g/cm3, in spite of 50-100 nm particle size and 2.9 wtpercent carbon content. Li4Ti5O12 nanoparticles were between 50-200 nm in size and showed tap density of 0.8 g/cm3. The nanomaterials were tested both in half cell configurations against Li-metal and also in LiFePO4/Li4Ti5O12 full cells. Nano-LiFePO4 showed high discharge rate capability with values of 150 and 138 mAh/g at C/25 and 5C, respectively, after constant C/25 charges. Nano-Li4Ti5O12 also showed high charge capability with values of 148 and 138 mAh/g at C/25 and 5C, respectively, after constant C/25 discharges; the discharge (lithiation) capability was comparatively slower. LiFePO4/Li4Ti5O12 full cells deliver charge/discharge capacity values of 150 and 122 mAh/g at C/5 and 5C, respectively.

Jaiswal, A.; Horne, C.R.; Chang, O.; Zhang, W.; Kong, W.; Wang, E.; Chern, T.; Doeff, M. M.

2009-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li liberia ha" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Effects of O vacancies and N or Si substitutions on Li+ migration in Li3PO4 electrolytes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effects of O vacancies and N or Si substitutions on Li+ migration in Li3PO4 electrolytes from first constructed realistic models of various types of isolated defects in crystalline Li3PO4 involving O vacancies on the production and migration of mobile Li ions. We find that mobile Li-ion vacancies are stabilized by removing

Holzwarth, Natalie

62

Patterning of graphene Wenbin Li,b  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Patterning of graphene Ji Feng,a Wenbin Li,b Xiaofeng Qian,b Jingshan Qi,c Liang Qib and Ju Li of carbon (graphene, graphane, etc.) are amenable to unique patterning schemes such as cutting, bending theoretical understanding and processing routes for patterning graphene and highlight potential applications

Chen, Sow-Hsin

63

Characterization of Materials for Li-ion Batteries: Success Stories...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Characterization of Materials for Li-ion Batteries: Success Stories from the High Temperature Materials Laboratory (HTML) User Program Characterization of Materials for Li-ion...

64

Characterization of Li-ion Batteries using Neutron Diffraction...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Li-ion Batteries using Neutron Diffraction and Infrared Imaging Techniques Characterization of Li-ion Batteries using Neutron Diffraction and Infrared Imaging Techniques 2011 DOE...

65

Li-Ion Battery Cell Manufacturing | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Li-Ion Battery Cell Manufacturing Li-Ion Battery Cell Manufacturing 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer...

66

Mixed Salts of LiTFSI and LiBOB for Stable LiFePO4-Based Batteries at Elevated Temperatures  

SciTech Connect

To achieve stable long-term cycling stability at elevated temperatures, mixed salts of LiTFSI and LiBOB are used to replace LiPF6 salt in non-aqueous electrolytes for LiFePO4-based batteries. It is found that adding LiBOB in LiTFSI-based electrolytes effectively prevents the severe corrosion to Al current collectors that often is observed in LiTFSI-based electrolytes, which have high thermal stability. The cells using LiTFSI-LiBOB-based electrolytes demonstrate superior high temperature (60 ?C) stability and very similar room temperature performance (i.e., cycling stability and rate capability) when compared to cells using the LiPF6-based electrolyte.

Chen, Xilin; Xu, Wu; Engelhard, Mark H.; Zheng, Jianming; Zhang, Yaohui; Ding, Fei; Qian, Jiangfeng; Zhang, Jiguang

2014-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

67

Changes in the fish species composition of all Austrian lakes >50 ha during the last 150 years  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Changes in the fish species composition of all Austrian lakes >50 ha during the last 150 years D for Limnology, Mondsee, Austria Abstract The fish communities of all Austrian natural lakes (n ¼ 43) larger than 50 ha in surface area were assessed and the historical fish communities in c. 1850 were reconstructed

Filzmoser, Peter

68

Microstructure and characteristics of the metalceramic composite (MgCa-HA/TCP) fabricated by liquid metal infiltration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in calcium phosphate bioceramics. Recently metal matrix composites (MMC), consisting of an adequate ceramicMicrostructure and characteristics of the metal­ceramic composite (MgCa-HA/TCP) fabricated and characteristics of the metal­ ceramic composite (MgCa-HA/TCP) fabricated by liquid metal infiltration. J Biomed

Zheng, Yufeng

69

Physico-chemical characterization and in vitro biological evaluation of pure SiHA for bone tissue engineering application  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Supérieure des Mines de Saint-Etienne, CIS-EMSE, CNRS: FRE3312, F-42023 158 Cours Fauriel, SaintHA surface. Introduction Large bone defects resulting from trauma, cancer or malformations remain significant the real effects of Si substitution on the biological activity of HA in biological environment [6-8]. hal

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

70

Improvement of Thermal Stability of Li-Ion Batteries by Polymer Coating of LiMn2O4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

thermal stability of the Li-ion battery. CONCLUSIONS CoatingPDDA. EC- AFM studies on Li-ion battery electrodes offered

Stroeve, Pieter; Vidu, Ruxandra

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Two-phase transition of Li-intercalation compounds in Li-ion batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Among all electrode materials, olivine LiFePO4 and spinel Li4Ti5O12 are well-known for their two-phase structure, characterized by a flat voltage plateau. The phase transition in olivine LiFePO4 may be modeled in single particle and many-particle systems at room temperature, based on the thermodynamic phase diagram which is easily affected by coherency strain and the size effect. Some metastable and transient phases in the phase diagram can also be detected during non-equilibrium electrochemical processes. In comparison to olivine LiFePO4, spinel Li4Ti5O12 possesses a zero strain property and performs Li-site switching during the phase transition, which lead to a different phase structure. Here, the phase transitions of olivine LiFePO4 and spinel Li4Ti5O12 are systematically reviewed, and the concepts discussed may be extended to other two-phase Li-intercalation compounds in Li-ion batteries.

De Li; Haoshen Zhou

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Thermal Stability of LiPF6 Salt and Li-ion Battery Electrolytes Containing LiPF6  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

like alcohol or cathode active material that may (or maya catalytic effect to cathode active material (e.g. LiCoO 2like alcohol or cathode active material that may (or may

Yang, Hui; Zhuang, Guorong V.; Ross Jr., Philip N.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

A search for 6Li in stars with planets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......extrasolar planets. 7 Determination of 6 Li/ 7 Li ratio...bias the 6Li/7Li determinations but is unlikely across...observations of this isotope in young stars. Standard...Tripicco 1986), but both isotopes may be quite similarly...perhaps, beryllium and boron. Since the composition......

Bacham E. Reddy; David L. Lambert; Chris Laws; Guillermo Gonzalez; Kevin Covey

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Activity Report for Hanford WTP LAW Melter HA Development, July 31 - August 5, 2013  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HSS Independent Activity Report HSS Independent Activity Report Report Number: HIAR-WTP-2013-07-31 Site: Hanford Site Subject: Office of Enforcement and Oversight's Office of Safety and Emergency Management Evaluations Activity Report for Operational Awareness of Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant Low Activity Waste Melter Process System Hazards Analysis Activity Dates of Activity : 07/31/13 - 08/05/13 Report Preparer: James O. Low Activity Description/Purpose: The Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS) staff observed a limited portion of the hazards analysis (HA) for the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) Low Activity Waste (LAW) Melter Process (LMP) system. The primary purpose of this HSS field activity, conducted from July 31 to August 5, 2013, was to observe and

75

Activity Report for Hanford WTP LAW Melter HA Development, July 31 - August 5, 2013  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

HSS Independent Activity Report HSS Independent Activity Report Report Number: HIAR-WTP-2013-07-31 Site: Hanford Site Subject: Office of Enforcement and Oversight's Office of Safety and Emergency Management Evaluations Activity Report for Operational Awareness of Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant Low Activity Waste Melter Process System Hazards Analysis Activity Dates of Activity : 07/31/13 - 08/05/13 Report Preparer: James O. Low Activity Description/Purpose: The Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS) staff observed a limited portion of the hazards analysis (HA) for the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) Low Activity Waste (LAW) Melter Process (LMP) system. The primary purpose of this HSS field activity, conducted from July 31 to August 5, 2013, was to observe and

76

High-Energy Cathode Materials (Li2MnO3LiMO2) for Lithium-Ion Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High-Energy Cathode Materials (Li2MnO3LiMO2) for Lithium-Ion Batteries ... Fabrication of Nitrogen-Doped Holey Graphene Hollow Microspheres and Their Use as an Active Electrode Material for Lithium Ion Batteries ... Li-rich materials are considered the most promising for Li-ion battery cathodes, as high energy densities can be achieved. ...

Haijun Yu; Haoshen Zhou

2013-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

77

Simplified Electrochemical and Thermal Model of LiFePO4-Graphite Li-Ion Batteries for Fast Charge Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simplified Electrochemical and Thermal Model of LiFePO4- Graphite Li-Ion Batteries for Fast Charge, a simplified electrochemical and thermal model of LiFePO4-graphite based Li-ion batteries is developed for battery management system (BMS) applications and comprehensive aging investigations. Based on a modified

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

78

Definition: LiDAR | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LiDAR LiDAR Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png LiDAR Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) is an active remote sensing technology that uses optical measurements of scattered light to find range (Young, 2006). Measurements can be made from aircraft- or land-based sensors. Distance to an object is determined by the time delay between transmission and detection of a laser pulse. It is accurate to within 0.1 m (at 1-m resolution, 0.3 m at 3-m resolution) and has the ability to measure the land surface elevation beneath the vegetation canopy. View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Also Known As Light Detection And Ranging Related Terms DEM, Digital Elevation Model tran LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. smission lines,transmission line,transmission

79

Comment on Li pellet Conditioning in TFTR  

SciTech Connect

Li pellet conditioning in TFTR results in a reduction of the edge electron density which allows increased neutral beam penetration, central heating, and fueling. Consequently the temperature profiles became more peaked with higher central Ti, Te, and neutron emission rates.

R.V. Budny

2011-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

80

A=7Li (2002TI10)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NuclDataGeneralTables7li.shtml). See also references cited in (1988AJ01). Thermonuclear reaction rates for this reaction calculated from evaluated data are presented in...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li liberia ha" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Ambient Operation of Li/Air Batteries  

SciTech Connect

In this work, Li/air batteries based on nonaqueous electrolytes were investigated in ambient conditions (with an oxygen partial pressure of 0.21 atm and relative humidity of ~20%). A heat-sealable polymer membrane was used as both an oxygen-diffusion membrane and as a moisture barrier for Li/air batteries. The membrane also can minimize the evaporation of the electrolyte from the batteries. Li/air batteries with this membrane can operate in ambient conditions for more than one month with a specific energy of 362 Wh kg-1, based on the total weight of the battery including its packaging. Among various carbon sources used in this work, Li/air batteries using Ketjenblack (KB) carbon-based air electrodes exhibited the highest specific energy. However, KB-based air electrodes expanded significantly and absorbed much more electrolyte than electrodes made from other carbon sources. The weight distribution of a typical Li/air battery using the KB-based air electrode was dominated by the electrolyte (~70%). Lithium-metal anodes and KB-carbon anodes account for only 5.12% and 5.78% of the battery weight, respectively. We also found that only ~ 20% of the mesopore volume of the air electrode was occupied by reaction products after discharge. To further improve the specific energy of the Li/air batteries, the microstructure of the carbon electrode needs to be further improved to absorb much less electrolyte while still holding significant amounts of reaction products

Zhang, Jiguang; Wang, Deyu; Xu, Wu; Xiao, Jie; Williford, Ralph E.

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Li-Ion Battery with LiFePO4 Cathode and Li4Ti5O12 Anode for Stationary Energy Storage  

SciTech Connect

i-ion batteries based on commercially available LiFePO4 cathode and Li4Ti5O12 anode were investigated for potential stationary energy storage applications. The full cell that operated at flat 1.85V demonstrated stable cycling for 200 cycles followed by a rapid fade. A significant improvement in cycling stability was achieved via Ketjen black coating of the cathode. A Li-ion full cell with Ketjen black modified LiFePO4 cathode and an unmodified Li4Ti5O12 anode exhibited negligible fade after more than 1200 cycles with a capacity of ~130mAh/g. The improved stability, along with its cost-effectiveness, environmentally benignity and safety, make the LiFePO4/ Li4Ti5O12 Li-ion battery a promising option of storing renewable energy.

Wang, Wei; Choi, Daiwon; Yang, Zhenguo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Process hazards analysis (PrHA) program, bridging accident analyses and operational safety  

SciTech Connect

Recently the Final Safety Analysis Report (FSAR) for the Plutonium Facility at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Technical Area 55 (TA-55) was revised and submitted to the US. Department of Energy (DOE). As a part of this effort, over seventy Process Hazards Analyses (PrHAs) were written and/or revised over the six years prior to the FSAR revision. TA-55 is a research, development, and production nuclear facility that primarily supports US. defense and space programs. Nuclear fuels and material research; material recovery, refining and analyses; and the casting, machining and fabrication of plutonium components are some of the activities conducted at TA-35. These operations involve a wide variety of industrial, chemical and nuclear hazards. Operational personnel along with safety analysts work as a team to prepare the PrHA. PrHAs describe the process; identi fy the hazards; and analyze hazards including determining hazard scenarios, their likelihood, and consequences. In addition, the interaction of the process to facility systems, structures and operational specific protective features are part of the PrHA. This information is rolled-up to determine bounding accidents and mitigating systems and structures. Further detailed accident analysis is performed for the bounding accidents and included in the FSAR. The FSAR is part of the Documented Safety Analysis (DSA) that defines the safety envelope for all facility operations in order to protect the worker, the public, and the environment. The DSA is in compliance with the US. Code of Federal Regulations, 10 CFR 830, Nuclear Safety Management and is approved by DOE. The DSA sets forth the bounding conditions necessary for the safe operation for the facility and is essentially a 'license to operate.' Safely of day-to-day operations is based on Hazard Control Plans (HCPs). Hazards are initially identified in the PrI-IA for the specific operation and act as input to the HCP. Specific protective features important to worker safety are incorporated so the worker can readily identify the safety parameters of the their work. System safety tools such as Preliminary Hazard Analysis, What-If Analysis, Hazard and Operability Analysis as well as other techniques as necessary provide the groundwork for both determining bounding conditions for facility safety, operational safety, and day-to-clay worker safety.

Richardson, J. A. (Jeanne A.); McKernan, S. A. (Stuart A.); Vigil, M. J. (Michael J.)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Cost-Sensitive Classification with Genetic Programming Jin Li, Xiaoli Li and Xin Yao  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cost-Sensitive Classification with Genetic Programming Jin Li, Xiaoli Li and Xin Yao The Centre.Yao}@cs.bham.ac.uk Abstract- Cost-sensitive classification is an attractive topic in data mining. Although genetic programming exploited to ad- dress cost-sensitive classification in the literature, where the costs of misclassification

Yao, Xin

85

Quickest Spectrum Sensing in Cognitive Radio Husheng Li, Chengzhi Li and Huaiyu Dai  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Quickest Spectrum Sensing in Cognitive Radio Husheng Li, Chengzhi Li and Huaiyu Dai Abstract spectrum sensing in secondary radio systems without data fusion centers. Performance is evaluated using to detect the primary radio signal. The fundamental limits of spectrum sensing are discussed in [15] while

Dai, Huaiyu

86

DFT+U Study of Polaronic Conduction in Li2O2 and Li2CO3: Implications for LiAir Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

DFT+U Study of Polaronic Conduction in Li2O2 and Li2CO3: Implications for LiAir Batteries ... The emission of greenhouse gases and the local pollution in the cities produced by the fossil fuel-powered vehicles (FFVs) is forcing the development of alternative power systems for automobiles. ... A delocalized solution was found. ...

J. M. Garcia-Lastra; J. S. G. Myrdal; R. Christensen; K. S. Thygesen; T. Vegge

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

87

Rate-dependent morphology of Li2O2 growth in Li-O2 batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Compact solid discharge products enable energy storage devices with high gravimetric and volumetric energy densities, but solid deposits on active surfaces can disturb charge transport and induce mechanical stress. In this Letter we develop a nanoscale continuum model for the growth of Li2O2 crystals in lithium-oxygen batteries with organic electrolytes, based on a theory of electrochemical non-equilibrium thermodynamics originally applied to Li-ion batteries. As in the case of lithium insertion in phase-separating LiFePO4 nanoparticles, the theory predicts a transition from complex to uniform morphologies of Li2O2 with increasing current. Discrete particle growth at low discharge rates becomes suppressed at high rates, resulting in a film of electronically insulating Li2O2 that limits cell performance. We predict that the transition between these surface growth modes occurs at current densities close to the exchange current density of the cathode reaction, consistent with experimental observations.

Horstmann, B; Mitchell, R; Bessler, W G; Shao-Horn, Y; Bazant, M Z

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

The X^- Solution to the ^6Li and ^7Li Big Bang Nucleosynthesis Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The $^6$Li abundance observed in metal poor halo stars appears to exhibit a plateau as a function of metallicity similar to that for $^7$Li, suggesting a big bang origin. However, the inferred primordial abundance of $^6$Li is $\\sim$1000 times larger than that predicted by standard big bang nucleosynthesis for the baryon-to-photon ratio inferred from the WMAP data. Also, the inferred $^7$Li primordial abundance is 3 times smaller than the big bang prediction. We here describe in detail a possible simultaneous solution to both the problems of underproduction of $^6$Li and overproduction of $^7$Li in big bang nucleosynthesis. This solution involves a hypothetical massive, negatively-charged leptonic particle that would bind to the light nuclei produced in big bang nucleosynthesis, but would decay long before it could be detected. We consider only the $X$-nuclear reactions and assume that the effect of decay products is negligible, as would be the case if lifetime were large or the mass difference between the charged particle and its daughter were small. An interesting feature of this paradigm is that, because the particle remains bound to the existing nuclei after the cessation of the usual big bang nuclear reactions, a second longer epoch of nucleosynthesis can occur among $X$-nuclei. We confirm that reactions in which the hypothetical particle is transferred can occur that greatly enhance the production of $^6$Li while depleting $^7$Li. We also identify a new reaction that destroys large amounts of $^7$Be, and hence reduces the ultimate $^7$Li abundance. Thus, big-bang nucleosynthesis in the presence of these hypothetical particles, together with or without an event of stellar processing, can simultaneously solve the two Li abundance problems.

Motohiko Kusakabe; Toshitaka Kajino; Richard N. Boyd; Takashi Yoshida; Grant J. Mathews

2007-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

89

Nuclear Magnetic Relaxation in LiF at High Temperatures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Measurements of T1 and T2, the spin-lattice and spin-spin relaxation times, are reported for Li7 and F19 nuclei in a single crystal of LiF. T1(Li) has been measured from room temperature to the melting point (1120K) and the other quantities from 830K to the melting point. Above 620K, relaxation is caused exclusively by the diffusion of Li and F ions. T1(Li), T2(Li), and T1(F) are mainly determined by ?Li, the jump frequency of Li ions, and T2(F) mainly by ?F. Using a theory of relaxation developed elsewhere, ?Li and ?F are obtained for the region of intrinsic diffusion as ?Li=1.71016exp(-1.81eV/kT) and ?F=4.51017exp(-2.2eV/kT). For the extrinsic region, the motional activation energy of Li ions is obtained as 0.71 eV. The values of ?Li are in good agreement with those obtained from conductivity measurements; to our knowledge, ?F has never been measured by other methods. Below 620K quadrupolar relaxation due to lattice vibrations and relaxation by paramagnetic impurities become important, and rough values are obtained for these contributions to T1(Li). Large angular variations of T1 and T2 are observed in the region of relaxation due to atomic diffusion. T2(Li) and T1(Li) vary by a factor of 2 and 1.5, respectively, as a function of crystal orientation, in good agreement with theoretical prediction. A crude measurement of T1(Li) in molten LiF is discussed.

Maurice Eisenstadt

1963-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

90

LiDAR | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LiDAR LiDAR Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: LiDAR Details Activities (10) Areas (5) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Remote Sensing Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Active Sensors Parent Exploration Technique: Active Sensors Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Stratigraphic/Structural: delineate faults, create high-resolution DEMS, quantify fault kinemaics, develop lineament maps Hydrological: Thermal: Cost Information Low-End Estimate (USD): 300.0030,000 centUSD 0.3 kUSD 3.0e-4 MUSD 3.0e-7 TUSD / sq. mile Median Estimate (USD): 850.0085,000 centUSD 0.85 kUSD 8.5e-4 MUSD 8.5e-7 TUSD / sq. mile High-End Estimate (USD): 1,300.00130,000 centUSD 1.3 kUSD 0.0013 MUSD 1.3e-6 TUSD / sq. mile

91

P LI I CI L I  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

LI LI I - CI L - I 111 Ir LI C C c c c Ic c L ORNL/RASA-90/8 OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY RADIOLOGICAL SURVEY OF THE FORMER BAKER BROTHERSJNC. SITE, 2551-2555 HARLEAU PLACE, TOLEDO,OHIO (BTOOOl) MABAGEO BY MABAGEO BY MAUTIH MARIETTA ENBGY SYSTEM, INC. AWTIH MAftIETTA ENBGY SYSTEM, INC. FOR THE UNITE0 STATES FOR THE UNITE0 STATES OEPARTMENT OF EtdERGY OEPARTMENT OF EtdERGY R. D. Foley L. M. Floyd _-. This report has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from the Office of Scientific and Techni- cal Information, P.O. Box 62, Oak Ridge, TN 37631; prices available from (615) 5766401. PTS 6266401. Available to the public from the National Technical Information Service, U.S. Department of Commerce, 5285 Port Royal Rd., Springfield, VA 22161.

92

Molecular dynamics of LiF melting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We performed molecular-dynamics simulations of the melting and/or freezing of LiF. The simulations were done using the Tosi-Fumi model and our own model of interatomic interactions. The latter was verified by ab initio calculations of the equation of state for LiF. We show that the recent molecular-dynamics calculations by Boehler and co-workers are not adequate and their model for the interactions is not capable of providing melting temperatures in agreement with experiment. Our calculated pressure dependence of the melting temperatures gives valuable information. We found that the B1-B2 transition in LiF at around 1 Mbar removes the discrepancy between the diamond-anvil cell and shockwave melting temperatures. An explanation of the controversy between low and high melting temperatures obtained from diamond-anvil cell experiments is suggested.

A. B. Belonoshko; R. Ahuja; B. Johansson

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

LiMnPO4 Nanoplate Grown via Solid-State Reaction in Molten Hydrocarbon...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LiMnPO4 Nanoplate Grown via Solid-State Reaction in Molten Hydrocarbon for Li-ion Battery Cathode. LiMnPO4 Nanoplate Grown via Solid-State Reaction in Molten Hydrocarbon for Li-ion...

94

Investigation of Mechanical Activation on Li-N-H Systems Using...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mechanical Activation on Li-N-H Systems Using 6Li Magic Angle Spinning Nuclear Magnetic Resonance at Ultra-High Investigation of Mechanical Activation on Li-N-H Systems Using 6Li...

95

High Voltage Electrolytes for Li-ion Batteries | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electrolytes for Li-ion Batteries High Voltage Electrolytes for Li-ion Batteries 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and...

96

Protection of Li Anodes Using Dual Phase Electrolytes  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

50 full charge-discharge cycles in the laboratory scale Li-S cells. Partners BASF SE, Germany * Development of Li-S battery materials 3 Project Objectives * Develop a unique...

97

Investigation of critical parameters in Li-ion battery electrodes...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

at 500CT1000C for 12 h. Technical accomplishments: LiNi 12 Mn 32 O 4 , Neutron Diffraction 500C 700C 900C 1000C 7 Technical accomplishments: LiNi 12 Mn...

98

Hydrogen storage in LiH: A first principle study  

SciTech Connect

First principles calculations have been performed on the Lithium hydride (LiH) using the full potential linearized augmented plane wave (FP-LAPW) method within the framework of density functional theory. We have extended our calculations for LiH+2H and LiH+6H in NaCl structure. The structural stability of three compounds have been studied. It is found that LiH with 6 added Hydrogen atoms is most stable. The obtained results for LiH are in good agreement with reported experimental data. Electronic structures of three compounds are also studied. Out of three the energy band gap in LiH is ?3.0 eV and LiH+2H and LiH+6H are metallic.

Banger, Suman, E-mail: sumanphy28@gmail.com; Nayak, Vikas, E-mail: sumanphy28@gmail.com; Verma, U. P., E-mail: sumanphy28@gmail.com [School of Studies in Physics, Jiwaji University, Gwalior-474011 (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

99

Lithium Source For High Performance Li-ion Cells  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New cathode and anode electrodes are required to improve the energy density of Li-ion cells for transportation technologies. The cost of Li-ion systems for transportation...

100

High Voltage Electrolytes for Li-ion Batteries | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

in Support of 5 V Li-ion Chemistries Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Fluorinated Electrolyte for 5-V Li-Ion Chemistry High Voltage Electrolyte for Lithium Batteries...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li liberia ha" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Lithium Source For High Performance Li-ion Cells | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Li-ion Cells Lithium Source For High Performance Li-ion Cells 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer...

102

Li?Air Rechargeable Battery Based on Metal-free Graphene Nanosheet Catalysts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Li?Air Rechargeable Battery Based on Metal-free Graphene Nanosheet Catalysts ... Aqueous Rechargeable Li and Na Ion Batteries ...

Eunjoo Yoo; Haoshen Zhou

2011-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

103

Channeling Radiation from Relativistic Positrons in LiF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Unusual features of radiation spectra from relativistic positrons channeled in the ionic crystal LiF have been observed.

B. L. Berman; S. Datz; R. W. Fearick; J. O. Kephart; R. H. Pantell; H. Park; R. L. Swent

1982-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

104

Thin, Flexible Secondary Li-Ion Paper Liangbing Hu,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thin, Flexible Secondary Li-Ion Paper Batteries Liangbing Hu, Hui Wu, Fabio La Mantia, Yuan Yang, secondary Li-ion batteries are key components in por- table electronics due to their high power and energy integrated all of the components of a Li-ion battery into a single sheet of paper with a simple lamination

Cui, Yi

105

LiFePO4/CA cathode nanocomposite with 3D conductive network structure for Li-ion battery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A novel LiFePO4/Carbon aerogel (LFP/CA) nanocomposite with 3D conductive network structure was synthesized by using carbon aerogels as both template and conductive framework, and subsequently wet impregnating LiF...

Qiong Jiang; Yunlong Xu; Chongjun Zhao

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Giant resonance study by 6li scattering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

above 35 MeV. Other processes give a large physical background at high excitation energy in ? inelastic scattering, which makes it difficult to extract strength distributions in this range. As an isoscalar projectile (N=Z), 6Li scattering could...

Chen, Xinfeng

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

107

Allen Clement1 , Harry Li1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BAR Primer Allen Clement1 , Harry Li1 , Jeff Napper1 , Jean-Philippe Martin2 , Lorenzo Alvisi1 , Mike Dahlin1 1 University of Texas at Austin, 2 Microsoft Research Cambridge 1 {aclement, harry, jmn synchronous Repeated Terminating Reliable Broadcast (R- TRB) problem statement, leads to a provably BAR

Alvisi, Lorenzo

108

A=7Li (59AJ76)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

59AJ76) (See the Energy Level Diagram for 7Li) GENERAL: See also Table 7.1 Table of Energy Levels (in PDF or PS). Theory: See (AU55, DA55, LA55A, AB56, FE56, KU56, ME56, FE57C,...

109

Forensic Computing Xiang Li and Jennifer Seberry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Forensic Computing Xiang Li and Jennifer Seberry #3; Abstract Technology is rapidly changing continuously improve to keep one step ahead. Computer forensics has become a specialized and accepted forensic software is also widely used during the whole process of computer forensic investigation

Seberry, Jennifer

110

Always In The Name of Zion: A Rhetorical History of Ahad Ha-am and Cultural Zionism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

were oppressed in other countries and a center from which Jewish culture could emanate into the world. The originator and strongest advocate for cultural Zionism was Ahad Ha-am, an auto-didact Russian Jew who spent his public career arguing for cultural...

Stutzman, Jacob

2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

111

Influence of non-thermal atmospheric pressure plasma on cellular structures and processes in human keratinocytes (HaCaT)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Background The use of non-thermal atmospheric pressure plasma in dermatology to improve the healing of chronic wounds is a promising application. The antimicrobial properties of physical plasma offer on the one hand the killing of bacteria, which are often a problem in chronic wounds. On the other hand, plasma can activate cells which are involved in the wound closure. Objective To guarantee a safe application it is essential to understand basic interactions between physical plasma and human skin cells. Methods In our study, human keratinocytes (HaCaT cells) were directly plasma treated with a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma source and effects on viability, DNA, cell cycle, intracellular concentration of reactive oxygen species and induction of apoptosis were observed. Results A treatment time-dependent loss of recovered adherent HaCaT cells after 24h and a linear increase of DNA damage were observed, which was no longer evident 24h after plasma stimulation, except for long treatment times. An accumulation of HaCaT cells in G2/M phase and a decrease in the G1 phase was caused by DBD plasma. The increasing formation of intracellular ROS is also attributed to plasma treatment. In contrast to other studies we did not find clear evidences for apoptosis in adherent HaCaT cells. A culture medium exchange subsequently after plasma treatment weakened the observed effects. Conclusion DBD plasma treatment resulted in oxidative stress in human keratinocytes which is related to deficient cell performance.

Susanne Blackert; Beate Haertel; Kristian Wende; Thomas von Woedtke; Ulrike Lindequist

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Microfluidics for block polymer shells (DMR 0819860) SEED :H.A. Stone, R.A. Register and Janine Nunes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Microfluidics for block polymer shells (DMR 0819860) SEED :H.A. Stone, R.A. Register and Janine. We utilized microfluidic methods to investigate the role of geometric structures, e.g. thin spherical, microfluidic devices with two consecutive flow-focusing junctions were used to generate air bubble

Petta, Jason

113

http://lez1.pppl.gov/pub/LiWTokamak.ps http://lez1.pppl.gov/pub/LiWTokamak.pdf  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

inlet V Li stream Li stream Plasma Plasma edge Electrode Insulator Electrode Li outlet Helium atmosphere liquid lithium (Li) streams covering the plasma facing surface of the vacuum chamber. There are several. On the other hand, the low temperature of the Li streams with a continuously refreshed plasma facing surface

Zakharov, Leonid E.

114

Ultrathin Spinel LiMn2O4 Nanowires as High Power Cathode Materials for Li-Ion Batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ultrathin Spinel LiMn2O4 Nanowires as High Power Cathode Materials for Li-Ion Batteries Hyun materials as cathode in lithium ion batteries because of its intrinsic low-cost, environmental friendliness that enhances the contact between active material grains and electrolyte. In particular, LiMn2O4 nanorods

Cui, Yi

115

Performance study of commercial LiCoO2 and spinel-based Li-ion cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Performance study of commercial LiCoO2 and spinel-based Li-ion cells P. Ramadass, Bala Haran, Ralph White, Branko N. Popov* Department of Chemical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA Received 20 April 2002; accepted 29 April 2002 Abstract The performance of Cell-Batt1 Li-ion

Popov, Branko N.

116

Nonequilibrium Phase Transformation and Particle Shape Effect in LiFePO4 Materials for Li-Ion Batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-induced nonequilibrium phenomenon in Li-ion batteries. A theoretical anal- ysis is presented to show for Li-ion batteries as power sources in transporta- tion and future energy landscape requires transformaiton in Li ion batteries, especially on meta- stable miscibility gap distortion and discharge behaviors

Liu, Fuqiang

117

Making Li-air batteries rechargeable: material challenges  

SciTech Connect

A Li-air battery could potentially provide three to five times higher energy density/specific energy than conventional batteries, thus enable the driving range of an electric vehicle comparable to a gasoline vehicle. However, making Li-air batteries rechargeable presents significant challenges, mostly related with materials. Herein, we discuss the key factors that influence the rechargeability of Li-air batteries with a focus on nonaqueous system. The status and materials challenges for nonaqueous rechargeable Li-air batteries are reviewed. These include electrolytes, cathode (electocatalysts), lithium metal anodes, and oxygen-selective membranes (oxygen supply from air). The perspective of rechargeable Li-air batteries is provided.

Shao, Yuyan; Ding, Fei; Xiao, Jie; Zhang, Jian; Xu, Wu; Park, Seh Kyu; Zhang, Jiguang; Wang, Yong; Liu, Jun

2013-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

118

Asymptotic normalization coefficients for B-8 -> Be-7+p from a study of Li-8 -> Li-7+n  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Table I. See text for further explanation. Potentials Cp3/2 2 Cp1/2 2 Cp1/2 2 Cp3/2 2 x2 Angular ~entrance/exit! (fm21) (fm21) fit range ~deg! POT1/POT1 0.378 0.044 0.117 1.9 0?30 POT2/POT2 0.367 0.045 0.124 5.1 0?30 POT1/average 0.369 0... their contribu- tions to be disentangled. To determine the ANCs for 8Li ? 7Li1n , (C7Li,3/2 8Li )2 and (C7Li,1/2 8Li )2 ~denoted below as Cp3/2 2 and Cp1/2 2 ), we need to know the ANC (C12C,1/2 13C )2. However, the ratio of the ANCs in 8Li can...

Trache, L.; Azhari, A.; Carstoiu, F.; Clark, HL; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Lui, YW; Mukhamedzhanov, AM; Tang, X.; Timofeyuk, N.; Tribble, Robert E.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Anisotropic Compton Scattering in LiF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Both experimental measurement and theoretical calculations of the Compton profiles of LiF indicate a significant anisotropy in the electron momentum distribution whereas published x-ray structure-factor data indicate a lack of anisotropy in the charge density. In this paper we show that momentum distributions can be orders of magnitude more sensitive to anisotropy in the electron distributions than x-ray structure factors, at least in materials where the overlap of the wave functions is small.

W. A. Reed; P. Eisenberger; F. Martino; K. -F. Berggren

1975-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

120

Optical properties of LiF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we examine the optical properties of LiF. The fundamental calculations performed are a self-consistent Hartree-Fock band-structure calculation. As has been found previously, such a calculation has substantial errors when compared with experiment. Correlation corrections are needed and are included by means of the electronic-polaron method. The usual electronic polaron is extended to include short-range polarization corrections which the usual model neglects but which are peculiarly large for LiF. The energy bands are evaluated directly by the linear-combination-of-local-basis-functions method along with the crystal wave functions for 89 points in the irreducible wedge of the first Brillouin zone. Using these results and the Lemann-Taut interpolation scheme the density of states, the joint density of states, and the imaginary part of the dielectric function are computed. These results which neglect the formation of excitons and "plasmons" are in poor agreement with experiment. The effect of the exciton formation is included by a Koster-Slater one-bandone-site calculation. We find that the inclusion of exciton effects substantially improves the level of agreement with experiment. This is in direct contrast with recent work of Menzel et al. in which energy-band theory alone is found to account for the optical properties of LiF. This disagreement is discussed in detail.

Daniel J. Mickish; A. Barry Kunz; T. C. Collins

1974-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li liberia ha" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

J. Am. Chem. SOC.1993, 115, 3475-3483 3415 Structure of Lithium Hexamethyldisilazide (LiHMDS) in the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

J. Am. Chem. SOC.1993, 115, 3475-3483 3415 Structure of Lithium Hexamethyldisilazide (Li of 6Li and I5N isotopically labeled lithium hexamethyldisilazide ([6Li]LiHMDSand [6Li,15N solvation of monomers, dimers, and triple ions [e.g., R2N-Li-NRz-//+LiS4] are readily monitored. Excess (>2

Collum, David B.

122

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Chaun-Yuan Li  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chaun-Yuan Li Chaun-Yuan Li Radiation Biology Research, Duke University Medical Center Funded Projects Molecular Characterization of the Role of SOD Genes in Mammalian Cellular Response to Low Dose Ionizing, abstract, description. Technical Abstracts 2006 Workshop: The Roles of Superoxide Dismutage (SOD) in Low Dose Radiation Induced Adaptive Response Yang, Z., Chuang, E., Batinic-Haberle, I., and Li, C.-Y. 2005 Workshop: Molecular Characterization of the Roles of SOD Genes in Mammalian Cellular Response to Low Dose Radiation Li, C.-Y., Guo, Z., Yang, Z., and Chuang, E. 2003 Workshop: Molecular Characterization of the Roles of SOD Genes in Mammalian Cellular Response to Low Dose Radiation Li, C.-Y. and Chuang, E. Publications Li, F., Sonveaux, P., Rabbani, Z.N., Liu, S., Yan, B., Huang, Q.,

123

Characterization of Li-rich xLi2MnO3(1?x)Li[MnyNizCo1?y?z]O2 as cathode active materials for Li-ion batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We have investigated the crystallographical, morphological, and electrochemical behaviors of synthesized four different compositions of xLi2MnO3(1?x)Li[MnyNizCo1?y?z]O2 cathode active materials using X-ray diffractometer (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM), and galvanostatic cycler. The four different compositions of cathode active materials demonstratea commonly angular shape of primary particles, but agglomerated spherical shape in appearance. All the attempted compositions of xLi2MnO3(1?x)Li[MnyNizCo1?y?z]O2 cathodes deliver a specific discharge capacity of between 220 and 242mAh/g at room temperature when cycled between 2.5 and 4.6V versus Li/Li+ at C/10 rate.

Yong Nam Jo; K. Prasanna; Suk Joon Park; Chang Woo Lee

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

LI, W. K. W. Annual average abundance of heterotrophic bacteria ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ern Indian Ocean: The southwest and northeast monsoon, .... Data for Synechococcus in the Indian ... ly for 6 yr over the deepest point of the basin (Li et al.

125

Protection of Li Anodes Using Dual Phase Electrolytes  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

cells with high energy anode and dual-phase electrolyte systems Partners BASF SE, Germany * Development of Li-S battery materials 3 Relevance. Project Objectives. * Develop a...

126

Conductivity and dielectric constants of LiD  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The dielectric constant of LiD has been measured in the frequency region 5-500 kHz at different temperatures up to 340 C. Compared to the results of other workers, the LiD conductivity curves are found to be displaced slightly to lower values than those of LiH. Furthermore, it is also proved that the high ac-conductivity values found by other workers at low temperature in the case of LiH correspond not to true conductivity but are caused by reorientation of complexes. Activation energies corresponding to the motion of a free cation vacancy or the reorientation of complexes have been determined.

P. Varotsos

1974-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

127

Automotive Li-ion Battery Cooling Requirements | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Automotive Li-ion Battery Cooling Requirements Presents thermal management of lithium-ion battery packs for electric vehicles cunningham.pdf More Documents & Publications...

128

Role of the Li+ node in the Li-BH4 substructure of double-cation tetrahydroborates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The phase diagram of combined alkaline light-metal and heavy-metal borohydrides is explored and revealed to be surprisingly rich. The Li cation is revealed to be a versatile node, allowing for three- and fourfold connectivity in the same structure. Topologies of the Li-BH4 substructure range from isolated chains to three-dimensional frameworks as a function of Li content.

Schouwink, P.

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Impedance behavior of the LiMn2O4/LiPF6-DMC-EC interface during cycling  

SciTech Connect

Room temperature impedance measurements of the LiMn2O4/LiPF6-EC-DMC interface have been used to identify a previously unreported step in the formation of the SEI layer on this cathode. The low frequency impedance and potential of pure dense LiMn2O4 films was found to depend logarithmically on time in the end-of-discharge (EOD) state. The rate of the impedance rise decreased with Mn3+ content. The increased impedance was removed by oxidation of the film to 4.5 V vs. Li/Li+. The observations are consistent with a reversible disproportionation of part of the LiMn2O4 into Li2Mn2O4 and l-Mn2O4. Analyses of cyclic voltammograms and impedance spectra at intervals during constant current cycling of the LiMn2O4 films suggest that Li2Mn2O4 on the surface also plays a major role in the capacity fade.

Striebel, Kathryn A.; Sakai, Eiji; Cairns, Elton J.

2000-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

130

Compton profiles of LiF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

?-ray Compton profiles of LiF with the scattering vector along the , , and axes are reported. Both the absolute profiles and their anisotropy are derived from a tight-binding model and compared with experiments. The overall agreement between theory and experiment is found to be satisfactory for all three directions. Recent calculations of Euwema et al. are compared with the present work and found to predict incorrect anisotropies, particularly at small momentum transfers. It is also shown that momentum distributions can be orders of magnitude more sensitive to anisotropy in the electron distributions than x-ray structure factors, at least in materials where overlap of the wave functions is small.

K. -F. Berggren; F. Martino; P. Eisenberger; W. A. Reed

1976-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

131

Cross Relaxation in LiF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A combined experimental and theoretical study of cross relaxation in LiF has been carried out. In agreement with theory, the cross-relaxation time T21 is observed to be strongly anisotropic and field dependent; at 51.7 gauss it goes from 0.025 second in the [100] direction to 7 seconds in the [111] direction. A frequency distribution function analogous to the line shapes for magnetic absorption is measured down to 10-4 times the maximum value; for most orientations a Gaussian is an excellent approximation to it.

P. S. Pershan

1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Ionization threshold of crystalline LiF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ionization threshold for crystalline LiF is calculated using a cluster embedded model. The experimental ionization threshold is 9.8 eV; however, previous band and cluster model calculations gave 1415 eV. These earlier calculations used a crystal having a perfect lattice. In the present work, a crystal with lattice defects is introduced. The calculated surface and bulk ionization thresholds are 8.1 and 8.7 eV, respectively, showing good correspondence with experiment. The electron affinity and other band parameters are also studied.

Hiroshi Tatewaki

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Develop high energy high power Li-ion battery cathode materials : a first principles computational study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as cathode materials for Li-ion battery. Physica B-CondensedHigh Energy High Power Li-ion Battery Cathode Materials AHigh Energy High Power Li-ion Battery Cathode Materials A

Xu, Bo; Xu, Bo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Anodic polymerization of vinyl ethylene carbonate in Li-Ion battery electrolyte  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ethylene Carbonate in Li-Ion Battery Electrolyte Guoyingof a commercial Li-ion battery electrolyte containing 2 %are an important part of Li-ion battery technology yet their

Chen, Guoying; Zhuang, Guorong V.; Richardson, Thomas J.; Gao, Liu; Ross Jr., Philip N.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Optical-Model Parameters for the C-12(li-7,li-7)c-12 Reaction at 63 and 78.7 Mev  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of energies via simple changes in the depths of the potentials, NUCLEAR REACTIONS ~2 C('Li, 'Li) and ~2 C{'Li,'Li') E('Li)=68 and 78.7 MeV; measured o-{&); deduced optical model parameters; deduced deformation lengths for YLi* and C*. Natural targets, DWBA... the most forward angle elastic scattering cross sections with several OM parameter sets; the 1980The American Physica1 Society OPTICAL MODEL PARAMETERS FOR THE ~2 C(7Li, 7Li). . . normalization factor was treated as a free para- meter. The magnitude...

Zeller, A. F.; Lui, YW; Tribble, Robert E.; Tanner, D. M.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

I I LI I L I  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

LI LI - I L I 1 II C c - ORNL/RASA-9618 OAK RlDGE NATlONAl. LA8ORATORY Results of the Independent Radiological Verification Survey at B&T Metals, 425 West Town Street, Columbus, Ohio (cooolv) M . E. Murray V. P. Patania C. A. Johnson M N M E D *wD OPEbM~ B V WUCNEEDllW?ME IWiARCH CoRpoRAng FoRTHEwITf@%tATeB ltEpAAMwTmBMeR(Ly ORNL-27 (34el ~~- L._~ This report has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Avaiiable to DOE and DOE contractors from the Office of Scientific and Technical information, P.O. Box 62, Oak Ridge, TN 3783 1; prices available from (615) 576-8301, FlS 626-8401. Available to the public from the National Technical Information Service, U.S. Department of Commerce, 5285 Port Royal Rd., Springfield, VA 22161. This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the

137

DEUTERONBEAMINTERACTIONWITH Li JET FOR A NEUTRONSOURCE TEST FACILITY*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DEUTERONBEAMINTERACTIONWITH Li JET FOR A NEUTRONSOURCE TEST FACILITY* A. Hassanein Argonne National Laboratory 9700 South Cass Avenue Argonne, Illinois 60439 USA The submitted manurript has teen authored Interaction with Li Jet for a NeutronSource Test Facility* A. Hassanein Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne

Harilal, S. S.

138

Development of High Energy Cathode for Li-ion Batteries  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the theoretical capacity of LiMnPO 4. * Flat voltage plateau at 4.1 V indicates the phase transition between LiMnPO 4 and MnPO 4 . * At 1C and 2C rate (PHEV constant output)...

139

Infrared absorption in LiF polymers and microcrystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Infrared absorption spectra are reported for LiF in various stages of aggregation. Starting with monomers and dimers the degree of aggregation is increased to include more complex polymers until the transition is made to microcrystals and finally to bulk. The samples were prepared at helium temperature by the simultaneous condensation of argon and LiF vapor onto a transparent substrate. The argon matrix served the purpose of separating the LiF aggregates without strongly interacting with them. Although LiF vapor contains only monomers and dimers, larger polymers could be formed in the matrix by increasing the concentration of LiF. For concentrations of 2%, more than 20 distinct polymer lines could be seen in the infrared absorption spectrum. At concentrations of 7%, the LiF polymer lines abruptly disappear and a single broad surfacephonon absorption, characteristic of microcrystals, emerges. The surface-phonon frequency slowly shifts with increasing LiF concentration until it coincides with the bulk absorption peak at the long-wavelength transverse-optical phonon frequency. This shift is due to the increased dipolar interaction between microcrystals as they are brought closer together. The infrared absorption spectra of small regular polymers of LiF were calculated and compared with experiment. It appears that the infrared spectrum is much more influenced by the shape of the polymer than by its size.

T. P. Martin

1977-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

140

Lithium Lorentz Force Accelerator Thruster (LiLFA)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lithium Lorentz Force Accelerator Thruster (LiLFA) Adam Coulon Princeton University Electric originally came from the MAI (Moscow Aviation Institute) Russia · Many Princeton graduate students have #12;LiLFA Thruster · Lithium vapor ionizes in the electric field · A current evolves in the plasma

Petta, Jason

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li liberia ha" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Significant Cost Improvement of Li-Ion Cells Through Non-NMP...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Significant Cost Improvement of Li-Ion Cells Through Non-NMP Electrode Coating, Direct Separator Coating, and Fast Formation Technologies Significant Cost Improvement of Li-Ion...

142

Thermal Instability of Olivine-Type LiMnP04 Cathodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the presence of a Li-ion battery electrolyte, delithiatedion battery electrolyte is also evaluated, and its impact on the safety of high energy phosphate Li-

Chen, Guoying

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

An attempt to study LiH and Li{sub 2} molecules by high resolution pulsed laser spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect

As we start a program to study alkali hydrides and dimers, we have developed a two-step photoionisation experiment on Li{sub 2} molecules based on the use of an atomic beam and two pulsed dye lasers. The first resonant step which excites the A {sup 1}{sigma}{sub u}{sup +}-X {sup 1}{sigma}{sub g}{sup +}Li{sub 2} dimer systems is a home-made cw-seeded DCM dye laser with a laser linewidth of 55 MHz (FWHM) and near the Fourier transform limit. The second step is a larger width fixed frequency UV laser which allows the photoionisation of the selectively excited molecules. The three {sup 6}Li{sub 2}, {sup 6}Li {sup 7}Li and {sup 7}Li{sub 2} spectra are recorded simultaneously by the use of a doubly-accelerating time-of-flight ion analyser. Comparison between recorded and calculated absorption spectra using Dunham parameters found in the literature is satisfactory. To develop similar pulsed high-resolution investigations in LiH, we have characterized our molecular beam by using the laser induced fluorescence (LIF) technique with a cw blue dye laser. Two Franck-Condon LiH Doppler-free resonances have been observed.

Bouloufa, Nadia; Cabaret, Louis; Cacciani, Patrice; Camus, Pierre; Pitcheev, Boris; Vetter, Raymond [Laboratoire Aime Cotton, CNRS II, Bat 505, Campus d'Orsay, 91405 Orsay Cedex (France)

1998-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

144

The single-electrode Peltier heats of Li-Al alloy electrodes in LiCl-KCl eutectic system  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the single-electrode Peltier heat of cathodic (or anodic) reaction of Li-Al alloy electrode in a coexisting phase state, or an intermetallic compound phase state estimated by thermoelectric-power measurement. The thermoelectric-power measurements of Li-Al alloys in various coexisting phase states were carried out with both potentiometric and potential-sweep methods in the LiCl-KCl eutectic system between 673 and 843 K. The values of the thermoelectric power of Li-Al alloys calculated by using thermodynamic literature data were in good agreement with those obtained by experiment. The single-electrode Peltier heat changes drastically with change of its phase state, and it was found that the formation reactions of [beta] (Li[sub 0.5]Al[sub 0.5]) and [gamma] (Li[sub 0.6]Al[sub 0.4]) phases are exothermic, and those of liquid phase from [beta] and [gamma] phase are endothermic. The single-electrode Peltier heat for the cathodic formation reaction of Li-Al alloy in intermetallic compound [gamma] phase is estimated to be exothermic by using the measured values of thermoelectric powers of Li-Al alloys in ([beta] + [gamma]) and ([gamma] + liq.) regions.

Amezawa, Koji; Ito, Yasuhiko; Tomii, Yoichi (Kyoto Univ. (Japan))

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Li2NiO2 as a Novel Cathode Additive for Overdischarge Protection of Li-Ion Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As the fuel-cell voltage reaches the plateau region, the anode voltage is also saturated around 3.6 V (vs Li/Li+) where the anodic copper dissolution is estimated to occur. ... Numerical simulation for the discharge behaviors of batteries in series and/or parallel-connected battery pack ...

Hochun Lee; Sung-Kyun Chang; Eun-Young Goh; Jun-Yong Jeong; Jae Hyun Lee; Hyeong-Jin Kim; Jeong-Ju Cho; Seung-Tae Hong

2007-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

146

LiCl dehumidifier/LiBr absorption chiller hybrid air conditioning system with energy recovery  

SciTech Connect

This invention relates to a hybrid air conditioning system that combines a solar powered LiCl dehumidifier with a LiBr absorption chiller. The desiccant dehumidifier removes the latent load by absorbing moisture from the air, and the sensible load is removed by the absorption chiller. The desiccant dehumidifier is coupled to a regenerator and the desiccant in the regenerator is heated by solar heated hot water to drive the moisture therefrom before being fed back to the dehumidifier. The heat of vaporization expended in the desiccant regenerator is recovered and used to partially preheat the driving fluid of the absorption chiller, thus substantially improving the overall COP of the hybrid system.

Ko, S.M.

1980-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

147

LiCl dehumidifier LiBr absorption chiller hybrid air conditioning system with energy recovery  

SciTech Connect

This invention relates to a hybrid air conditioning system that combines a solar powered LiCl dehumidifier with a LiBr absorption chiller. The desiccant dehumidifier removes the latent load by absorbing moisture from the air, and the sensible load is removed by the absorption chiller. The desiccant dehumidifier is coupled to a regenerator and the desiccant in the regenerator is heated by solar heated hot water to drive the moisture therefrom before being fed back to the dehumidifier. The heat of vaporization expended in the desiccant regenerator is recovered and used to partially preheat the driving fluid of the absorption chiller, thus substantially improving the overall COP of the hybrid system. 4 figs.

Ko, S.M.

1980-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

148

CI L C C I LI C  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

CI CI L C C - I LI C c C I I I I I I I L rr ORNL/RASA-94/l 0t-t. 27-6 \O [I ,-' :..L, &ml OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY RESULTS OF THE RADIOLOGICAL SURVEY at the former HERRING-HALL-MARVIN SAFE COMPANY (3rd Floor) 1550 Grand Boulevard, Hamilton, Ohio (HOOOl) M. E. Murray C. A. Johnson MANA6ED BY MARTIN MARIETTA ENERGY SYSTEMS, INC. FOR THE UNITE0 STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENEMY This report has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, P.O. Box 62, Oak Ridge, TN 37831; prices available from (615) 576-8401, FTS 6268401. Available to the public from the National Technical Information Service, U.S. Department of Commerce, 5285 Port Royal Rd., Springfield, VA 22161.

149

Microsoft Word - li_z.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Impact of the Vertical Variation of Cloud Droplet Size Impact of the Vertical Variation of Cloud Droplet Size on the Estimation of Cloud Liquid Water Path and Its Potential for Rain Detection Z. Li, R. Chen, and F-L Chang Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center, University of Maryland College Park, Maryland Introduction Liquid water path (LWP) is an important cloud microphysical property that determines the climatic effects of boundary layer clouds. Satellites provide the only means of acquiring global and long-term LWP estimates. The LWP is estimated from satellite measurements of either microwave radiation emitted by the cloud or visible/near infrared (NIR) solar reflectance from the cloud. LWP can be retrieved from the microwave signature emitted by cloud droplets. Microwave retrievals of

150

Recycling of Li-Ion Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 Linda Gaines Center for Transportation Research Argonne National Laboratory Recycling of Li-Ion Batteries Illinois Sustainable Technology Center University of Illinois We don't want to trade one crisis for another!  Battery material shortages are unlikely - We demonstrated that lithium demand can be met - Recycling mitigates potential scarcity  Life-cycle analysis checks for unforeseen impacts  We need to find something to do with the used materials - Safe - Economical 2 We answer these questions to address material supply issues  How many electric-drive vehicles will be sold in the US and world-wide?  What kind of batteries might they use? - How much lithium would each battery use?  How much lithium would be needed each year?

151

Effects of Nonaqueous Electrolytes on Primary Li-Air Batteries  

SciTech Connect

The effects of nonaqueous electrolytes on the performance of primary Li-air batteries operated in dry air environment have been investigated. Organic solvents with low volatility and low moisture absorption are necessary to minimize the change of electrolyte compositions and the reaction between Li anode and water during the discharge process. The polarity of aprotic solvents outweighs the viscosity, ion conductivity and oxygen solubility on the performance of Li-air batteries once these latter properties attain certain reasonable level, because the solvent polarity significantly affects the number of tri-phase regions formed by oxygen, electrolyte, and active carbons (with catalyst) in the air electrode. The most feasible electrolyte formulation is the system of LiTFSI in PC/EC mixtures, whose performance is relatively insensitive to PC/EC ratio and salt concentration. The quantity of such electrolyte added to a Li-air cell has notably effects on the discharge performance of the Li-air battery as well, and a maximum in capacity is observed as a function of electrolyte amount. The coordination effect from the additives or co-solvents [tris(pentafluorophenyl)borane and crown ethers in this study] also greatly affects the discharge performance of a Li-air battery.

Xu, Wu; Xiao, Jie; Wang, Deyu; Zhang, Jian; Zhang, Jiguang

2010-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

152

Threshold for Potential Sputtering of LiF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have measured total sputtering yields for impact of slow ( ?100 eV) singly and doubly charged ions on LiF. The minimum potential energy necessary to induce potential sputtering (PS) from LiF was determined to be about 10 eV. This threshold coincides with the energy necessary to produce a cold hole in the valence band of LiF by resonant neutralization. This allows the first unambiguous identification of PS induced by cold holes. Further stepwise increase of the sputtering yield with higher projectile potential energies provides evidence for additional defect-mediated sputtering mechanisms operative in alkali halides.

G. Hayderer; M. Schmid; P. Varga; H P. Winter; F. Aumayr; L. Wirtz; C. Lemell; J. Burgdrfer; L. Hgg; C. O. Reinhold

1999-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

153

On really stoichiometric LiCoO2 M. Mntrier1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

recalled above (with LS Co4+ ions). We had also concluded some time ago that excess Li in lithium cobalt long thermal treatment for complete elimination of excess Li. Such highly stoichiometric Li1CoO2 criterion for the characterization of Li-stoichiometry in lithium cobalt oxide. Hertz et al (7) also state

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

154

Carbonophosphates: A New Family of Cathode Materials for Li-Ion Batteries Identified Computationally  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbonophosphates: A New Family of Cathode Materials for Li-Ion Batteries Identified ABSTRACT: The tremendous growth of Li-ion batteries into a wide variety of applications is setting new applications from portable electronics to electric vehicles. A critical element of a Li-ion battery is the Li

Ceder, Gerbrand

155

Effect of tab design on large-format Li-ion cell performance , Gang Luo b  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Model a b s t r a c t Large-format Li-ion batteries are essential for vehicle and grid energy storage. Today, scale-up of Li-ion cells has not maximized the potential of available battery materials, leading a sustainable energy future. How to unlock the potential of existing Li battery materials and scale up Li-ion

156

LiDAR (Laney, 2005) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LiDAR (Laney, 2005) LiDAR (Laney, 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: LiDAR (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Unspecified Exploration Technique LiDAR Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Design of Sampling Strategies to Detect CO2 Emissions From Hidden Geothermal Systems, Lewicki, Oldenburg and Kennedy. The objective of this project is to investigate geothermal CO2 monitoring in the near surface as a tool to discover hidden geothermal reservoirs. A primary goal of this project is to develop an approach that places emphasis on cost and time-efficient near-surface exploration methods and yields results to guide and focus more cost-intensive geophysical measurements, installation of

157

Batteries - Next-generation Li-ion batteries Breakout session  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Next-generation Li-ion batteries Next-generation Li-ion batteries EV Everywhere Workshop July 26, 2012 Breakout Session #1 - Discussion of Performance Targets and Barriers Comments on the Achievability of the Targets * Overall, everything is achievable, but, clearly, the cost targets are dramatic, particularly for AEV 300. (I have discussed this with Yet-Ming Chiang, who has a good feel for cost reductions, both their importance and interesting approaches.) * AEV 100 achievable with a good silicon/graphite composite anode and LMRNMC (unsure timeline) * AEV 300 would require cycleable Li-metal anode and UHVHC cathode (can't get there with Li-ion intercalation on both electrodes) (unsure timeline) Barriers Interfering with Reaching the Targets * Pack - too high a fraction of inactive materials/inefficient engineering designs.

158

Stability of polymer binders in Li-O2 batteries  

SciTech Connect

A number of polymers with various chemical structures were studied as binders for air electrodes in Li-O2 batteries. The nature of the polymer significantly affects the binding properties in the carbon electrodes thus altering the discharge performance of Li-O2 batteries. Stability of polymers to the aggressive reduced oxygen species generated during discharge was tested by ball milling them with KO2 and Li2O2, respectively. Most of the polymers decomposed under these conditions and mechanisms of the decompositions are proposed for some of the polymers. Polyethylene was found to have excellent stability and is suggested as robust binder for air electrodes in Li-O2 batteries.

Nasybulin, Eduard N.; Xu, Wu; Engelhard, Mark H.; Nie, Zimin; Li, Xiaohong S.; Zhang, Jiguang

2013-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

159

Aerosol Synthesis Of Cathode Materials For Li-Ion Batteries.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Rapid advancement of technologies for production of next-generation Li-ion batteries will be critical to address the Nation's need for clean, efficient and secure transportation system (more)

Zhang, Xiaofeng

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Development of High Capacity Anode for Li-ion Batteries  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

stability of Si-based anode. 4 Milestones * Synthesize and characterize TiO 2 Graphene and SnO 2 Graphene nano-composite as anode for Li-ion batteries. - on going *...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li liberia ha" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Micro-arc oxidation coatings on Mg-Li alloys  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Micro-arc oxidation (MAO) method was used for the...in-situ fabricated on the Mg-Li alloy. The morphology feature, phase composition, and corrosion-resistance of the formed ceramic coatings were studied by SEM, X...

Yongjun Xu; Kang Li; Zhongping Yao; Zhaohua Jiang; Milin Zhang

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Methods and preliminary measurement results of liquid Li wettability  

SciTech Connect

A test of lithium wettability was performed in high vacuum (< 3 10{sup ?4} Pa). High magnification images of Li droplets on stainless steel substrates were produced and processed using the MATLAB{sup } program to obtain clear image edge points. In contrast to the more standard ?/2 or polynomial fitting methods, ellipse fitting of the complete Li droplet shape resulted in reliable contact angle measurements over a wide range of contact angles. Using the ellipse fitting method, it was observed that the contact angle of a liquid Li droplet on a stainless steel substrate gradually decreased with increasing substrate temperature. The critical wetting temperature of liquid Li on stainless steel was observed to be about 290?C.

Zuo, G. Z., E-mail: zuoguizh@ipp.ac.cn; Hu, J. S.; Ren, J.; Sun, Z.; Yang, Q. X.; Li, J. G. [Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031 (China)] [Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031 (China); Zakharov, L. E.; Mansfield, D. K. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, MS-27 P.O. Box 451, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States)] [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, MS-27 P.O. Box 451, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

163

Transport and Failure in Li-ion Batteries | Stanford Synchrotron...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Li-ion Batteries Monday, February 13, 2012 - 1:30pm SSRL Conference Room 137-322 Stephen J. Harris, General Motors R&D While battery performance is well predicted by the...

164

High Voltage Electrolytes for Li-ion Batteries  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FY09 and FY10 * 400K (DOE) Timeline Budget Barriers * Argonne National Laboratory * Saft Batteries * University of Maryland Partners * State-of-the-art LiPF 6 Carbonate...

165

A novel fast UCN detector based on the 6Li doped glass scintillators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. 110 (2005)) 6Li doped glass scintillators (LPC Caen) ( G. Ban et al, NIM A 611 (2009)) Gas detector + 10B conversion layer (Heidelberg) based on GEM technology (CASCADE U detector, http://www.n-cascade Natural content of 6Li GS10 Depleted in 6Li GS30 6Li fraction (%) 95 7.5 0.01 6Li density (cm-3) 2.2 x

Titov, Anatoly

166

Single Nanorod Devices for Battery Diagnostics: A Case Study on LiMn2O4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

correlate well with the better cycling performance of Al-doped LiMn2O4 in our Li-ion battery tests: LiAl0Single Nanorod Devices for Battery Diagnostics: A Case Study on LiMn2O4 Yuan Yang, Chong Xie nanostructure devices as a powerful new diagnostic tool for batteries with LiMn2O4 nanorod materials

Cui, Yi

167

Comparison of Small Polaron Migration and Phase Separation in Olivine LiMnPO? and LiFePO? using Hybrid Density Functional Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using hybrid density functional theory based on the Heyd-Scuseria-Ernzerhof (HSE06) functional, we compared polaron migration and phase separation in olivine LiMnPO? to LiFePO?. The barriers for free hole and electron ...

Ong, Shyue Ping

168

Complete fusion in 7Li+144,152Sm reactions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Complete fusion cross sections for 7Li+144,152Sm reactions have been measured at energies around the Coulomb barrier by offline ?-counting technique. Measured cross sections for the above two reactions are found to be similar at energies well above the Coulomb barrier, however, at sub-barrier energies the cross sections for the 7Li+152Sm system are much higher compared to the 7Li+144Sm system, manifesting the effect of target deformation. Cross sections for the present reactions at above-barrier energies are found to be larger than previously measured reactions involving 6Li projectile with the same targets, possibly due to smaller breakup probability of 7Li than 6Li. Coupled-channels calculations show that the experimental fusion cross sections for both the systems are enhanced at subbarrier energies and suppressed at above-barrier energies compared to the respective one-dimensional barrier penetration model predictions. The calculations by different models show that the measured complete fusion cross sections at above-barrier energies are suppressed up to ?25% compared to the theoretical predictions. It also reveals that a large part of the suppression could be due to inelastic and transfer coupling.

P. K. Rath, S. Santra, N. L. Singh, B. K. Nayak, K. Mahata, R. Palit, K. Ramachandran, S. K. Pandit, A. Parihari, A. Pal, S. Appannababu, Sushil K. Sharma, D. Patel, and S. Kailas

2013-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

169

Sr doped Co substituted Li nickelate cathode materials for Li cells with improved cycling and thermal stability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Samples of cathode material were synthesized from a highly dispersed precursor ... thin film of Li-borate glass. The cathode active material (CAM) was mixed with 15wt. ... and pressed on thin Al discs. The cathodes

R. Moshtev; P. Zlatilova; S. Vassilev

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

The partially reversible formation of Li-metal particles on a solid Li electrolyte: applications toward nanobatteries  

SciTech Connect

The feasibility of large-scale implementation of Li-air batteries (LABs) hinges on understanding the thermodynamic and kinetic factors that control charge-discharge rates, efficiency and life times. Here, the kinetics of bias-induced reactions is explored locally on the surface of Li-ion conductive glass ceramics, a preferred electrolyte for LABs, using direct current-voltage and strain spectroscopies. Above a critical bias, particle growth kinetics were found to be linear in both the bias and time domains. Partial reversibility was observed for Li particles as evidenced by the presence of anodic peaks following the Li{sup +} reduction, as well an associated reduction in particle height. The degree of reversibility was highest for the smallest particles formed. These observations thus suggest the possibility of producing nanobatteries with an active anode volume of the order of 0.1 al.

Arruda, Thomas M [ORNL; Kumar, Amit [ORNL; Kalinin, Sergei V [ORNL; Jesse, Stephen [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Thermal processes in the systems with Li-battery cathode materials and LiPF6 -based organic solutions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermodynamic instability of positive electrodes (cathodes) in Li-ion batteries in humid air and battery solutions results in capacity fading and batteries degradation, especially at elevated temperatures. In thi...

Ortal Haik; Francis Susai Amalraj

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

(K4Li4)Al8Ge8O328H2O: an Li+-exchanged potassium aluminogermanate with the zeolite gismondine (GIS) topology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The title microporous material, (K,Li)-(Al,Ge)-GIS, namely lithium potassium dialuminium digermanium octaoxide dihydrate, is the result of a 50% Li+ exchange into the K-(Al,Ge)-GIS structure. A structural change occurs due to disordering of K+ ions with Li+ ions along [001] and ordering of water molecules along [101].

Celestian, A.J.

2003-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

173

Reaction Mechanisms in the Li3AlH6/LiBH4 and Al/LiBH4 Systems for Reversible Hydrogen Storage. Part 1: H capacity and Role of Al  

SciTech Connect

Lithium-based complex hydrides, including lithium aluminum hydrides (LiAlH4, Li3AlH6) and lithium borohydride (LiBH4), are some of the most attractive materials for hydrogen storage due to their high hydrogen contents. In the present work, we investigated the hydrogen storage properties of combined systems of Li3AlH6-LiBH4 and Al-LiBH4, both of which exhibit favorable hydrogen storage properties owing to the formation of AlB2 during dehydrogenation. TGA data showed that TiCl3-doped Li3AlH6/2LiBH4 and 0.5Al/LiBH4 release ~ 8.8 and ~ 8.4 wt.% H2, respectively, with ~ 3.8 and ~ 5.8 wt.% release after rehydrogenation of the dehydrogenation product. XRD results identified LiH and AlB2 phases in the dehydrogenated products, which has suggested a mechanism by which Al contributes to the remarkable improvement of the reversible storage properties of LiBH4 in terms of the temperature and pressure for H2 release/uptake.

Choi, Young Joon; Lu, Jun; Sohn, Hong Yong; Fang, Zhigang Zak

2011-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

174

DFT+U Study of Polaronic Conduction in Li2O2 and Li2CO3: Implications for Li-Air Batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

power systems for automobiles. Electric vehicles (EVs) represent one of the main alternatives source. However, the present electric vehicles, powered by Li ion batteries, are limited in power in the cities produced by the fossil fuel-powered vehicles (FFVs) is forcing the development of alternative

Thygesen, Kristian

175

Transient Loss Performance of a Class of Finite Buffer Queueing Systems GuangLiang LI \\Lambda FangMing LI Bo LI  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transient Loss Performance of a Class of Finite Buffer Queueing Systems Guang­Liang LI \\Lambda Fang systems usually focuses on Markov models. This paper, in con­ trast, presents an analysis of transient on the arrival process will affect transient loss behavior of the queueing system. We also discuss how

Cui, Jun-Hong

176

Chem 115Lithium-Halogen ExchangeMyers RLi + R'X RX + R'Li  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chem 115Lithium-Halogen ExchangeMyers RLi + R'X RX + R'Li Lithium-halogen exchange reactions are essentially inert. 2 t-BuLi t-BuI + RLi t-BuLi isobutene + isobutane + LiI Lithium-halogen exchange reactions, and lithium iodide. H OEtBr H H OEtLi H1.1 eq n-BuLi Et2O, !80 °C Lau, K. S.; Schlosser, M. J. Org. Chem. 1978

177

The influence of LiDAR pulse density on the precision of inventory metrics in young unthinned Douglas-fir stands during initial and subsequent LiDAR acquisitions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

LiDAR is an established technology that is increasingly being used to characterise spatial variation in stand metrics used in forest inventory. As the cost of LiDAR acquisition markedly declines with LiDAR pul...

Michael S Watt; Andrew Meredith; Pete Watt

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Qing'an Li - Argonne National Laboratories, Materials Sicence Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EM > Qing'an Li EM > Qing'an Li Qing'an Li Scientific Associate Sr Bldg. 223, A-113 Phone: 630-252-3996 This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Biography Qing'an Li was an Assistant Research Scientist at Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences after receiving his doctorate in July 1993 working on superconducting electronics. He was a postdoctoral fellow at University of Tokyo, Japan working on superconducting electronics in 1996. In 1997, he became a Visiting Scientist (postdoc) at the Materials Science Division of the Argonne National Laboratory, and started to study the transport properties of colossal magnetoresistance (CMR) materials in the Emerging Materials group. At the Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Li was an Associated Research Scientist in 2000, a Research scientist, and Professor in 2001, working on magnetic and transport properties of transition metal oxides. In 2006, he visited the Materials Science Division of the Argonne National Laboratory as a Visiting Scientist, working on the transport properties of intermetallic compounds of rare-earth and transition metals, transition metal oxides, etc. and became a Scientific Associate Sr. in Emerging Materials group in 2009.

179

F Band in Isotopically Enriched LiF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of isotopic composition on the optical obsorption spectrum of the F center in LiF has been investigated. The results of measurements on single crystals of x-ray irradiated Li6F (almost 96% lithium-6) and Li7F (almost 100% lithium-7) indicate that the average F-band width at half-maximum in the former is larger by about 3% at liquid-helium temperature, and by about 1% at room temperature. Theory shows that the half-widths in the two isotopic forms vary inversely as the fourth root of the mass of the alkali ions at low temperature, and as the temperature is increased the predicted half-width difference monotonically decreases to zero. The predicted half-width difference at low temperatures is about 4%, and at room temperature about 1%, both in reasonable agreement with experiment. At both room and liquid-helium temperatures the position of the F-band maximum in Li7F is slightly displaced to higher energy than in Li6F. The peak-position shift is in approximate agreement with the contributions arising from the difference in alkali mass and lattice constant of the two crystals as estimated at low temperature.

Herbert Rabin and Michael Reich

1964-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

180

High Performance Cathodes for Li-Air Batteries  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this project was to develop and fabricate a multifunctional cathode with high activities in acidic electrolytes for the oxygen reduction and evolution reactions for Li-air batteries. It should enable the development of Li-air batteries that operate on hybrid electrolytes, with acidic catholytes in particular. The use of hybrid electrolytes eliminates the problems of lithium reaction with water and of lithium oxide deposition in the cathode with sole organic electrolytes. The use of acid electrolytes can eliminate carbonate formation inside the cathode, making air breathing Li-air batteries viable. The tasks of the project were focused on developing hierarchical cathode structures and bifunctional catalysts. Development and testing of a prototype hybrid Li-air battery were also conducted. We succeeded in developing a hierarchical cathode structure and an effective bifunctional catalyst. We accomplished integrating the cathode with existing anode technologies and made a pouch prototype Li-air battery using sulfuric acid as catholyte. The battery cathodes contain a nanoscale multilayer structure made with carbon nanotubes and nanofibers. The structure was demonstrated to improve battery performance substantially. The bifunctional catalyst developed contains a conductive oxide support with ultra-low loading of platinum and iridium oxides. The work performed in this project has been documented in seven peer reviewed journal publications, five conference presentations, and filing of two U.S. patents. Technical details have been documented in the quarterly reports to DOE during the course of the project.

Xing, Yangchuan

2013-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li liberia ha" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Jian Jian Li  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Jian Jian Li Jian Jian Li School of Health Sciences, Purdue University Newly Funded Projects Regulation of NF-kB and Mn SOD in Low Dose Radiation-Induced Adaptive Responses in Mouse and Human Skin Cells, abstract, description. Technical Abstracts 2006 Workshops: NF-kB Mediated Signaling Network in Low Dose X-Ray Induced Adaptive Protection on Mouse and Human Skin Epithelial Cells Ahmed, K.M., Fan, M., Spitz, and Li, J.J. 2005 Workshops: Adaptive Response of Mouse Skin Epithelial Cells to Low Dose Ionizing Radiation: Induction of NF-κB, MnSOD, 14-3-3ζ and Cyclin B1. Li, J.J., Ahmed, K.M., Fan, M., Dong, S., Spitz, D.R., and Yu, C.-R. 2003 Workshops: Gene Expression Profiles of Human Skin Keratinocytes Exposed to Acute and Chronic Ionizing Radiation Li, J.J., Ozeki, M., Wang, T., Tamae, D., Nelson, D., Wyrobek, A., and

182

The H+-ATPase HA1 of Medicago truncatula Is Essential for Phosphate Transport and Plant Growth during Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...type suggests that HA1 is crucial for building a proton gradient across the PAM and therefore...by epifluorescence microscopy using a multi-zoom microscope AZ-100 (Nikon) equipped...members of the phosphate transporter1 gene family. Plant Cell 24 : 4236-4251. Zhang...

Franziska Krajinski; Pierre-Emmanuel Courty; Daniela Sieh; Philipp Franken; Haoqiang Zhang; Marcel Bucher; Nina Gerlach; Igor Kryvoruchko; Daniela Zoeller; Michael Udvardi; Bettina Hause

2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

183

A practical guide to single-molecule FRET Rahul Roy1,2, Sungchul Hohng3 & Taekjip Ha1,2,4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A practical guide to single-molecule FRET Rahul Roy1,2, Sungchul Hohng3 & Taekjip Ha1,2,4 Single-molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer (smFRET) is one of the most general and adaptable single-molecule to using smFRET, focusing on the study of immobilized molecules that allow measurements of single-molecule

Hohng, Sung Chul

184

The Decays of Luminescent KBr and LiF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A photo-multiplier, together with electronic pulse techniques, has been used to investigate the luminescent decay of KBr and LiF after irradiation with x-rays, at various temperatures. Decay curves plotted on a log-log scale are linear for KBr at 21C and for LiF at 21C and 0C, with an average slope of 1.2. The curves for KBr at 0C and the temperature of dry ice and acetone have linear upper and lower parts, connected by an intermediate curved part. It is suggested that the upper linear part is due to the decay of F? centers, and the lower part to the decay of F centers. The emission spectrum of KBr consists of 2 bands, a strong one centered at 4550A and a weaker one at 5300A, while that of LiF extends into the ultraviolet below 3000A.

A. H. Morrish and A. J. Dekker

1950-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

185

In-situ raman microscopy of individual LiNi0.8Co0.15Al0.05O2 particles in the Li-ion battery composite cathode  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2 Particles in the Li-ion Battery Composite Cathode Jingleidegradation of various Li-ion battery systems has been the

Lei, Jinglei; McLarnon, Frank; Kostecki, Robert

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Li/Ca, B/Ca, and Mg/Ca Composition of Cultured Sea Urchin Spines and Paleo-Echinoderms Measured Using a Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Benthic Foraminiferal Li/Ca: Insights into Cenozoic seawaterFig. 2). More recently, Li/Ca ratios in inorganic calciteresulting in higher Li/Ca ratios in calcite. a. 12 Li/Ca (

Nguyen, Trung Timothy Do

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Lifetime of 981-Kev State in Li-8  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PHYSICAL REVIEW C VOLUME 3, NUMBER 2 FEBRUARY 1971 Lifetime of the 981-keV State in Li ~ M. J. Throop* University of Iosoa, Iozea City, Ious 52240 and D. H. Youngblood Texas A. @M University, College Station, Texas 77843 and G. C. Morrison...- tify contaminant peaks, spectra were obtained for C and 0 targets at a Liv energy of 7.4 MeV. In Fig. 2, the peaks from the Li7+ C reaction are those at 871 keV (from the 0.871 0.0-MeV trans- ition in 0") and at 960 keV (the double-escape peak from...

Throop, M. J.; Youngblood, David H.; Morrison, G. C.

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Electronic and structural properties of LiBeH3  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a recent paper, A. W. Overhauser Phys. Rev. B 35, 411 1987 suggested that LiBeH3 could be a metal with a very large electron density, in the range attributed to the metallic phases of hydrogen, and that it could share the properties often envisioned for metallic hydrogen, including high-temperature superconductivity. Band-structure and total-energy calculations for LiBeH3 suggest that it is an ionicly bonded insulator with only half the density assumed by Overhauser. It is therefore a poor candidate for a metal with a large electron density.

Jos Lus Martins

1988-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

189

Superplastic behavior of Al-Li 2090 OE-16 (ALCOA)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SUPERPLASTIC BEHAVIOR OF AL-LI 2090 OE-16 (ALCOA) A Thesis by LAMBROS STAMATIOU DOUSKOS Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1991... Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering SUPERPLASTIC BEHAVIOR OF AL-LI 2090 OE-16 (ALCOA) A Thesis By LAMBROS STAMATIOU DOUSKOS Approved as to style and content by: R. E. oforth (Chair o Committee) alur N. S inivasan (Member) . J. Fox, R (Member...

Douskos, Lambros Stamatiou

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Low-Cost Graphite and Olivine-Based Materials for Li-Ion Batteries...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Low-Cost Graphite and Olivine-Based Materials for Li-Ion Batteries Low-Cost Graphite and Olivine-Based Materials for Li-Ion Batteries Presentation from the U.S. DOE Office of...

191

Effects of Laser Energy and Wavelength on the Analysis of LiFePO4...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Laser Energy and Wavelength on the Analysis of LiFePO4 Using Laser Assisted Atom Probe Tomography. Effects of Laser Energy and Wavelength on the Analysis of LiFePO4 Using Laser...

192

Thermal end effects on electroosmotic flow in a capillary Xiangchun Xuan, David Sinton, Dongqing Li *  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermal end effects on electroosmotic flow in a capillary Xiangchun Xuan, David Sinton, Dongqing Li [16,17] etc.). Using caged-dye based flow visualization, Sinton and Li [18] found a slight curvature

Xuan, Xiangchun "Schwann"

193

Thermal Instability of Olivine-Type LiMnP04 Cathodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Standard for Lithium Batteries, document 1642, 3 rd Edition,of high energy phosphate Li-ion batteries is discussed. 2.g. Thermal runaway of Li-ion batteries occurs when the heat

Chen, Guoying

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Investigation of the Rechargeability of Li-O2 Batteries in Non...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Rechargeability of Li-O2 Batteries in Non-aqueous Electrolyte. Investigation of the Rechargeability of Li-O2 Batteries in Non-aqueous Electrolyte. Abstract: In order to...

195

Development of Cell/Pack Level Models for Automotive Li-Ion Batteries...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

CellPack Level Models for Automotive Li-Ion Batteries with Experimental Validation Development of CellPack Level Models for Automotive Li-Ion Batteries with Experimental...

196

Revisit Carbon/Sulfur Composite for Li-S Batteries. | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Revisit CarbonSulfur Composite for Li-S Batteries. Revisit CarbonSulfur Composite for Li-S Batteries. Abstract: To correlate the carbon properties e.g. surface area and porous...

197

Effects of electrolyte salts on the performance of Li-O2 batteries...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

electrolyte salts on the performance of Li-O2 batteries. Effects of electrolyte salts on the performance of Li-O2 batteries. Abstract: It is well known that the stability of...

198

Multi-scale Characterization Studies of Aged Li-ion Battery Materials for Improved Performance.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Among various electrical energy storage devices the recent advances in Li-ion battery technology has made this technology very promising. Li-ion batteries can be used (more)

Nagpure, Shrikant C.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Develop high energy high power Li-ion battery cathode materials : a first principles computational study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Layered, Li-Excess Lithium-Ion Battery Electrodeof the Layered, "Li-Excess" Lithium-Ion Battery ElectrodeCATION MIGRATION IN LITHIUM EXCESS NICKEL MANGANESE OXIDES

Xu, Bo; Xu, Bo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Template Free Synthesis of LiV3O8 Nanorods as a Cathode Material...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Template Free Synthesis of LiV3O8 Nanorods as a Cathode Material for High-Rate Secondary Lithium Batteries . Template Free Synthesis of LiV3O8 Nanorods as a Cathode Material for...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li liberia ha" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Thermal analyses of LiCoO2 lithium-ion battery during oven tests  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A three dimensional thermal abuse model for graphite/LiPF6/LiCoO2 batteries is established particularly for oven tests. To ... of heat release condition and oven temperature on battery thermal behaviors, we perfo...

Peng Peng; Yiqiong Sun; Fangming Jiang

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Co-synthesis of LiFePO4 and Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of LiFePO 4 and carbon nanotubes potentially bypassessynthesis of LiFePO 4 and Carbon Nanotubes James Wilcox* ,that multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs, Figure 1) and

Wilcox, James; Doeff, Marca M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Hollow Core-Shell Structured Porous Si-C Nanocomposites for Li...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hollow Core-Shell Structured Porous Si-C Nanocomposites for Li-Ion Battery Anodes. Hollow Core-Shell Structured Porous Si-C Nanocomposites for Li-Ion Battery Anodes. Abstract:...

204

Structure of the novel ternary hydrides Li4Tt2D (Tt = Si and Ge)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The crystal structures of novel Li4Tt2D (Tt = Si and Ge) ternary hydrides were solved using neutron powder diffraction data. All hydrogen atoms were found to occupy Li6-octahedral interstices.

Wu, H.

2007-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

205

Advanced Li-Ion Polymer Battery Cell Manufacturing Plant in USA...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Li-Ion Polymer Battery Cell Manufacturing Plant in USA Advanced Li-Ion Polymer Battery Cell Manufacturing Plant in USA 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle...

206

Develop high energy high power Li-ion battery cathode materials : a first principles computational study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lithium battery cathode. Electrochemical and Solid Statebattery performance of LiMn2O4 cathode. Solid State Ionics,

Xu, Bo; Xu, Bo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C6, supplkment au no 11-12, Tome 32, Novembre-Dkcembre 1971,page C6-295 REACTIONS 14N('Li, 7Li)13NAND 14N('Li, 7Be)13CAT 32 MeV (*)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

was bombarded with 32-MeV 6 ~ iions from the Argonne EN tandem Van de Graaff. Spectra of 'Li, 7Li and 7Be

Boyer, Edmond

208

Stochastic reconstruction and electrical transport studies of porous cathode of Li-ion batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Li-ion batteries through developing electrode materials [1e5], reducing size [6] and optimizing shape,13], as one of the main factors limiting Li-ion battery performance, has not been resolved. Fundamental the ulti- mate performance and stability. Theoretical work of Li-ion batteries has focused on macroscopic

Liu, Fuqiang

209

Electrolyte Stability Determines Scaling Limits for Solid-State 3D Li Ion Batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electrolyte Stability Determines Scaling Limits for Solid-State 3D Li Ion Batteries Dmitry Ruzmetov, all-solid-state Li ion batteries (LIBs) with high specific capacity and small footprint are highly to their high-energy density, Li ion batteries (LIBs) are attractive for these applications, and all-solid-state

Rubloff, Gary W.

210

Phase Transition Disappearance in Li1+?Mn2-?O4 Depended on Lithium Excess  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Manganese spinel LiMn2O4 may replace the commercial cathode material, LiCoO2, which is more expensive and toxic. Stoichiometric LiMn2O4 shows a phase transition from cubic (Fd3m) to orthorhombic (Fddd) structure ...

M. Molenda; R. Dziembaj

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Giant resonances in (24)Mg and (28)Si from 240 MeV (6)Li scattering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Elastic and inelastic scattering of 240 MeV (6)Li particles from (24)Mg and (28)Si were measured with the MDM spectrometer. Optical potential parameters for (6)Li+(24)Mg and (6)Li+(28)Si scattering systems were obtained by fitting elastic scattering...

Chen, X.; Lui, Y. -W; Clark, H. L.; Tokimoto, Y.; Youngblood, David H.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

The Senior University Ref. no. LiU-2010-00209  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

permeate all operations. LiU's long-term goals for the work environment are that LiU shall as an attractive work and study space. ! ! Work environment efforts LiU shall conduct work environment efforts' and the student unions. ! ! The work environment efforts shall be a natural part of all daily operations. In order

Zhao, Yuxiao

213

Graphene-enhanced hybrid phase change materials for thermal management of Li-ion batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Graphene-enhanced hybrid phase change materials for thermal management of Li-ion batteries incorporation leads to significant decrease in the temperature rise in Li-ion batteries. Graphene leads September 2013 Keywords: Battery Thermal management Graphene Phase change material a b s t r a c t Li

214

Passivation of Aluminum in Lithium-ion Battery Electrolytes with LiBOB  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pitting corrosion of aluminum in 1M LiTFSI. The protectiveAnodic Polarization of Aluminum in 1:1 EC+DMC with 1M LiBOBdeposited thin film of aluminum in 1:1 EC+DMC with 1M LiBOB.

Zhang, Xueyuan; Devine, Thomas M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Li2O Particulate Flow Concept, APPLE APEX Interim Report November, 1999  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Li2O Particulate Flow Concept, APPLE APEX Interim Report November, 1999 9-1 CHAPTER 9: Li2O PARTICULATE FLOW CONCEPT ­ APPLE DESIGN Contributors Lead Author: Dai Kai Sze Dai Kai Sze, Zhanhe Wang (ANL Particulate Flow Concept, APPLE APEX Interim Report November, 1999 9-2 9. LI2O PARTICULATE FLOW CONCEPT

California at Los Angeles, University of

216

Conduction in Multiphase ParticulateFibrous Networks Simulations and Experiments on Li-ion Anodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

promising Li-ion battery technologies incorporate nanoarchitectured carbon networks, typically in the form electronically February 7, 2003. Several promising Li-ion battery technologies incorporate nanoarchitecturedConduction in Multiphase Particulate?Fibrous Networks Simulations and Experiments on Li-ion Anodes

Sastry, Ann Marie

217

Engineering Recently, we created the first Li-ion electrochemical cell  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

characterization of Li-ion battery materials. In this presentation, I'll first review our latest progress of using for understanding important processes in Li-ion batteries. For example, liquid cells are required in order impact on the design of Li-ion batteries. Finally I will discuss outstanding challenging issues

218

Electrochimica Acta 51 (2006) 20122022 A generalized cycle life model of rechargeable Li-ion batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­discharge model to simulate the cycle life behavior of rechargeable Li-ion batteries has been developed. The model and Newman [4] made a first attempt to model the parasitic reaction in Li-ion batteries by assuming a solvent and reversible capacity loss due to the growth and dissolution of SEI film in Li-ion batteries. Ramadass et al

Popov, Branko N.

219

NANOMATERIALS FOR HIGH CAPACITY LI-ION BATTERIES Taylor Grieve, Iowa State University, SURF 2009 Fellow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NANOMATERIALS FOR HIGH CAPACITY LI-ION BATTERIES Taylor Grieve, Iowa State University, SURF 2009 energy storage devices continues to grow. Lithium-ion (Li-ion) secondary, or renewable, batteries are of interest due to their high energy and power characteristics. Performance enhancements of Li- ion batteries

Li, Mo

220

Short communication Enhanced autonomic shutdown of Li-ion batteries by polydopamine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Short communication Enhanced autonomic shutdown of Li-ion batteries by polydopamine coated Accepted 9 July 2014 Available online 17 July 2014 Keywords: Li-ion batteries Thermal shutdown Polyethylene binder, applied onto a battery anode surface, dried, and incorporated into Li-ion coin cells. FTIR

Sottos, Nancy R.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li liberia ha" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Hao Li - Argonne National Laboratories, Materials Sicence Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EM > Hao Li EM > Hao Li Hao Li Hao Li Postdoctoral Appointee Bldg. 223, A-110 This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Biography Hao joined Argonne as a postdoctoral appointee in January 2013. His current research is on the larger single crystal growth of semiconducting chalcohalides for X-ray and gamma-ray detection. One of the promising crystals is Tl6SeI4, which has shown a higher figure of merit than commercial CdZnTe. The target of his work is to grow detector-size and detector-grade single crystals using Bridgman, traveling heater, and flux methods. Hao obtained his BS degree (2005) from Wuhan University of Science and Technology. He completed his PhD degree in Condensed Matter of Physics (2010) under the supervision of Prof. Guofu Wang at the Fujian Institute of Research on Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Science. His doctoral thesis was on large single-crystal growth of novel tungstate laser crystals. In July 2010 he joined the Kanatzidis group in Northwestern University as a postdoctoral fellow working on exploratory synthesis and large single crystal growth of Cs-based chalcogenide compounds for X-ray and gamma-ray detection.

222

Expansion of LiF under Neutron Irradiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The strain gauge method is applied to the relative linear expansion of LiF under neutron irradiation. The result is (9.90.3)10-5 per 1015 thermal neutrons. An estimate of the number of displacements is in adequate agreement with theory.

D. Binder and W. J. Sturm

1957-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Dipole-moment derivative of LiF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The dipole-moment derivative d?dr has been calculated for LiF from available Hartree-Fock and configuration-interaction wave functions. Calculated values of d?dr are not in agreement with the value determined from a measurement of the first vibrational state lifetime by Bedding and Moran. Other calculated molecular properties are also compared with the available data.

S. W. Harrison and C. R. Fischer

1976-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Generic Multiversion STM Li Lu and Michael L. Scott  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Generic Multiversion STM Li Lu and Michael L. Scott Computer Science Department, University of Rochester Rochester, NY 14627-0226 USA {llu,scott}@cs.rochester.edu Abstract. Multiversion software by the National Science Foundation under grants CCR- 0963759, CCF-1116055, and CNS-1116109. Y. Afek (Ed.): DISC

Scott, Michael L.

225

Solar Photovoltaic Capacity F t P f d P li  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

6/19/2013 1 Solar Photovoltaic ­ Capacity F t P f d P li Generating Resources Advisory Committee Advisor Model (SAM), version 2013.1.15 Technology: Solar PV (PVWatts system model)Technology: Solar PV (MWh) (First year output, each year thereafter degrades 0.5%) 6 #12;6/19/2013 4 Shape of PNW Solar PV

226

Coordinated Hospital Patient Scheduling Keith Decker and Jinjiang Li  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Coordinated Hospital Patient Scheduling Keith Decker and Jinjiang Li Department of Computer and Information Sciences University of Delaware (decker,jli)@cis.udel.edu Abstract Hospital Patient Scheduling is an inherently distributed problem because of the way real hospitals are organized. As medical procedures have

Decker, Keith S.

227

The prospects for highbeta tokamaks with Li walls 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

stream Plasma Plasma edge Electrode Insulator Electrode Li outlet Helium atmosphere Supporting bands, Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory In collaboration with A. Glasser (LANL), S. Jardin, J. Manickam (PPPL by US DoE contract No. DE{AC020{76{CHO{3073. PRINCETON PLASMA PHYSICS LABORATORY PPPL 1 #12; OUTLINE 1

Zakharov, Leonid E.

228

Semi-Supervised Time Series Classification Li Wei Eamonn Keogh  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and hospitals often archive even larger amounts of ECG data for legal reasons. Recent advances in sensor examples to construct accurate classifiers. Furthermore, we are able to leverage off recent advancesSemi-Supervised Time Series Classification Li Wei Eamonn Keogh Department of Computer Science

Zordan, Victor

229

Comparing Predictors of Disordered Protein Xiaohong Li1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Comparing Predictors of Disordered Protein Xiaohong Li1 Zoran Obradovic1 xiahong@livegrip.com zoran by their conditional probabilities for indicating ordered or disordered protein structure. The top 10 each from several compared to our previously published predictor. Keywords: disordered proteins, sequence attributes

Obradovic, Zoran

230

New Modeling Tools for Energy Markets Chung-Li Tseng  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EDITORIAL New Modeling Tools for Energy Markets Chung-Li Tseng Special Editor The electricity to the quantitative models for dealing with impacts of these changes on energy market modeling. The four papers in this issue provide a broad range of applications in energy markets. The first special issue addressed

Tseng, Chung-Li

231

Phase transitions in the adsorption system Li/Mo(112)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Experimental studies of the phase transitions in the adsorption system Li/Mo(112) are presented. This system is a model system for highly anisotropic interactions. From measurements of the half-widths of the low-energy electron diffraction spot...

Fedorus, A.; Kolthoff, D.; Koval, V.; Lyuksyutov, Igor F.; Naumovets, AG; Pfnur, H.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Carbon Nanotube GHz Nano-Resonator Shengdong Li1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon Nanotube GHz Nano-Resonator Shengdong Li1 , Zhen Yu1 , Sheng-Feng Yen1 , Peter J. Burke1 walled carbon nanotube. Both semiconducting and metallic nanotubes are measured. Using a semiconducting signal processing components based on carbon nanotubes. Index Terms -- Nanotechnology, Resonators, Tuning

Tang, William C

233

Magnetic propulsion of liquid Li in tokamaks 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, 1999 1 This work is supported by US DoE contract No. DE{AC020{76{CHO{3073. PRINCETON PLASMA PHYSICS of the blanket, which is hardly accessible, and its outer part. PRINCETON PLASMA PHYSICS LABORATORY PPPL 2 #12 for tokamak­reactors. PRINCETON PLASMA PHYSICS LABORATORY PPPL 3 #12; Liquid Li tokamak Lithium Stream Thin

Zakharov, Leonid E.

234

Method for treating electrolyte to remove Li.sub.2 O  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of removing Li.sub.2 O present in an electrolyte predominantly of LiCl and KCl. The electrolyte is heated to a temperature not less than about 500.degree. C. and then Al is introduced into the electrolyte in an amount in excess of the stoichiometric amount needed to convert the Li.sub.2 O to a Li-Al alloy and lithium aluminate salt. The salt and aluminum are maintained in contact with agitation for a time sufficient to convert the Li.sub.2 O.

Tomczuk, Zygmunt (Lockport, IL); Miller, William E. (Naperville, IL); Johnson, Gerald K. (Downers Grove, IL); Willit, James L. (Batavia, IL)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Method for treating electrolyte to remove Li{sub 2}O  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is described for removing Li{sub 2}O present in an electrolyte predominantly of LiCl and KCl. The electrolyte is heated to a temperature not less than about 500 C and then Al is introduced into the electrolyte in an amount in excess of the stoichiometric amount needed to convert the Li{sub 2}O to a Li-Al alloy and lithium aluminate salt. The salt and aluminum are maintained in contact with agitation for a time sufficient to convert the Li{sub 2}O.

Tomczuk, Z.; Miller, W.E.; Johnson, G.K.; Willit, J.L.

1998-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

236

LiMnPO4 Nanoplate Grown via Solid-State Reaction in Molten Hydrocarbon for Li-ion Battery Cathode  

SciTech Connect

Electrochemically active LiMnPO4 nanoplates have been synthesized via novel single step solid state reaction in molten hydrocarbon. The LiMnPO4 prepared show unique porous nanoplate shape ~50nm in thickness with highly preferred crystallographic orientation. The reversible cycling of carbon coated LiMnPO4 show flat potential at 4.1 V vs. Li with specific capacity reaching up to 168mAh/g and excellent cycling performance using only galvanostatic charging / discharging mode.

Choi, Daiwon; Wang, Donghai; Bae, In-Tae; Xiao, Jie; Nie, Zimin; Wang, Wei; Viswanathan, Vilayanur V.; Lee, Yun Jung; Zhang, Jiguang; Graff, Gordon L.; Yang, Zhenguo; Liu, Jun

2010-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

237

Thermodynamic properties and single-electrode Peltier heats of a Li-Al alloy in a LiCl-KCl eutectic melt  

SciTech Connect

Thermodynamic properties of a Li-Al alloy in the two-phase ({alpha}Al + {beta}LiAl), ({beta}LiAl + {gamma}Li{sub 3}Al{sub 2}), and ({gamma}Li{sub 3}Al{sub 2} + liquid) regions, and in the single {beta}LiAl phase region were determined from electromotive force measurements in a LiCl-KCl eutectic melt at temperatures from 650 to 76f0 K. From the obtained thermodynamic properties, the single-electrode Peltier heat of a Li-Al alloy electrode was evaluated as a function of the alloy composition. It turned out that the single-electrode Peltier heat of a Li-Al alloy electrode exhibits discontinuities at the compositions of coexisting-single phase boundaries. The change of the single-electrode Peltier heat on a phase boundary was interpreted thermodynamically and was found to follow from thermodynamic data for the single phases and the phase diagram data.

Amezawa, Koji; Yamamoto, Naoichi; Tomii, Yoichi; Ito, Yasuhiko [Kyoto Univ. (Japan)] [Kyoto Univ. (Japan)

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

The predicted crystal structure of Li4C6O6, an organic cathode material for Li-ion batteries, from first-principles multi-level computational methods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The predicted crystal structure of Li4C6O6, an organic cathode material for Li-ion batteries, from details for the electrochemical properties of these organic electrodes (chemical potential for Li ion the optimum positions of Li ions intercalated within each C6O6 framework. 3. We then optimized each

Goddard III, William A.

239

The Stability of Organic Solvents and Carbon Electrode in Nonaqueous Li-O2 Batteries  

SciTech Connect

The effect of different kinds of aprotic organic solvents on the discharge performance and discharge products in Li-O2 batteries was systematically investigated. The discharge products deposited in air cathodes were analyzed by X-ray diffraction, in situ gas chromatography/mass spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. We found that a significant amount of Li2O2 can be formed in glyme-based electrolytes during the discharge process, while only small amount of Li2O2 is produced in electrolytes of phosphate, nitrile, ionic liquid and sulfoxide. However, in all the seven types of solvent systems we studied, Li2CO3 and LiF were still formed as byproducts whose compositions are strongly related to the solvents. Li2CO3 is produced not from the carbon air electrode but from oxidation and decomposition of the solvent as we verified by using a 13C-labeled carbon electrode and the solid-state 13C-MAS NMR technique. The formation of Li2CO3 and LiF during discharge will greatly reduce the Coulombic efficiency and cycle life of the Li-air batteries. Therefore, better electrolytes that can ensure the formation of Li2O2 but minimize other reaction products formed on air electrodes of Li-air batteries need to be further investigated.

Xu, Wu; Hu, Jian Z.; Engelhard, Mark H.; Towne, Silas A.; Hardy, John S.; Xiao, Jie; Feng, Ju; Hu, Mary Y.; Zhang, Jian; Ding, Fei; Gross, Mark E.; Zhang, Jiguang

2012-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

240

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Unique Li-ion Batteries for Utility Applications - Daiwon Choi, PNNL  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Unique Li-ion Batteries for Utility Unique Li-ion Batteries for Utility Applications Daiwon Choi, Vilayanur V. Viswanathan, Wei Wang, Vincent L. Sprenkle Pacific Northwest National Laboratory 902 Battelle Blvd., P. O. Box 999, Richland, WA 99352, USA DOE Energy Storage Program Review, Washington, DC Sept. 26-28, 2012 Acknowledgment: Dr. Imre Gyuk - Energy Storage Program Manager, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability  Investigate the Li-ion battery for stationary energy storage unit in ~kWh level.  Fabrication and optimization of LiFePO 4 / Li 4 Ti 5 O 12 18650 cell.  Li-ion battery energy storage with effective thermal management.  Improve rate and cycle life of Li-ion battery.  Screen possible new cathode/anode electrode materials and its combinations

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li liberia ha" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Efficient chemical regeneration of LiBH4NH3 spent fuel for hydrogen storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The absence of an efficient method for the regeneration of ammine metal borohydrides (M(BH4)nxNH3, AMBs) from their dehydrogenated products has hindered their potential application as hydrogen storage materials. In this paper, we demonstrate a high-yield chemical regeneration of LiBH4NH3 based on a three step process (digestion (H+ addition), reduction (H? addition), and ammonia complexation) at ambient temperature. Our results demonstrated that LiBN polymer was digested by methanol to form LiB(OCH3)4, which can be converted into LiBH4 by using LiAlH4 in the reduction process. The generation of LiBH4NH3 in ammonia complexion step was achieved by exposing the obtained LiBH4 in an ammonia atmosphere.

Yingbin Tan; Xiaowei Chen; Guanglin Xia; Xuebin Yu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Fusion of Li and C and a search for entrance channel limitations to fusion cross sections  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Excitation functions have been measured for reaction products from the Li6 and Li7 induced reactions Li6+C12, Li6+C13, Li7+C12, and Li7+C13. These data cover the energy range from Elab=9to36 MeV. It was found that the maximum fusion cross sections for these reactions are 780 and 770 mb for the Li6+C12 and Li6+C13, respectively, and 960 and 930 mb for the Li7+C12 and Li7+C13, respectively. The relative uncertainties for these maximum fusion cross sections are about 5%. Comparisons between optical model calculations of the total reaction cross sections and the measured fusion cross sections indicate that total fusion cross sections are substantially smaller than the total reaction cross sections for all four reactions at all energies. For each of the four entrance channels, energy and angular distributions have been measured at four energies for individual mass groups between A=9and19 u. Most of these products appear to be evaporation residues. The critical angular momenta deduced from the experimental fusion cross sections are discussed in terms of entrance channel and compound nucleus limitation models for compound nucleus formation. The individual mass groups are discussed in terms of systematics for evaporation residues.NUCLEAR REACTIONS Li6+C12, ELi6=10to36 MeV; Li6+C13, ELi6=9.23to35.08 MeV; Li7+C12, ELi7=10to38 MeV; Li7+C13, ELi7=10to34 MeV, measured d2?d? dE for reaction products from A=9to19. Extracted ?fus.

L. C. Dennis; K. M. Abdo; A. D. Frawley; K. W. Kemper

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

LiMn2O4 cathode doped with excess lithium and synthesized by co-precipitation for Li-ion batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

LiMn2O4 exhibits lower cost, acceptable environmental characteristics, and better safety properties than other positive-electrode (cathode) materials for lithium-ion batteries. In this study, excess Li doped Li1+xMn2O4 is synthesized by a well-mixed co-precipitation method with LiOH utilized as both the reactant and co-precipitation agent. The precursor is calcined for various heating times and temperatures to form a fine powder of a single spinel phase with different particle sizes, size distributions, and morphology. The minimum heating temperature is around 400C. For short heating periods, Mn2O3 impurity is observed, but disappears after longer heating times. The average particle size is in the range 28?m for powders calcined between 700 and 870C. The lattice parameter increases with increase in heating temperature. The electrochemical behavior of LiMn2O4 powder is examined by using test cells which consist of a cathode, a metallic lithium anode, and an electrolyte of 1M LiPF6 in a 1:1 (volume ratio) mixture of ethylene carbonate (EC) and dimethyl carbonate (DMC). Cells with cathodes of LiMn2O4, Li1.08Mn2O4 and Li1.1Mn2O4 give a capacity of 85, 109 and 126mAhg?1, respectively. The introduction of excess Li in LiMn2O4 apparently increases the capacity, and decreases significantly the rate of capacity degradation on chargedischarge cycling.

H.W Chan; J.G Duh; S.R Sheen

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Calculations for methane scattering from LiF(001)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Calculations are presented for the scattering of CH4 molecules from a LiF(001) surface. The theory utilized is a mixed classical-quantum model that includes energy and momentum transfers between the surface and projectile for translational and rotational motions as well as internal mode excitation of the projectile molecule. The translation and rotation motions, including multiphonon excitations with the surface, are treated with classical dynamics. Internal vibrational mode excitation of the molecules is treated quantum mechanically with extension to arbitrary numbers of modes and arbitrary excitation quantum numbers. The results of calculations are compared with recent high-precision measurements of the scattering of CH4 molecules from clean, ordered LiF(001). The calculated results for energy-resolved spectra and for the angular distributions are in good agreement with experiment.

Iryna Moroz and J. R. Manson

2004-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

245

Electrochemical properties of all solid state Li/S battery  

SciTech Connect

All-solid-state lithium/sulfur (Li/S) battery is prepared using siloxane cross-linked network solid electrolyte at room temperature. The solid electrolytes show high ionic conductivity and good electrochemical stability with lithium and sulfur. In the first discharge curve, all-solid-state Li/S battery shows three plateau potential regions of 2.4 V, 2.12 V and 2.00 V, respectively. The battery shows the first discharge capacity of 1044 mAh g{sup ?1}-sulfur at room temperature. This first discharge capacity rapidly decreases in 4th cycle and remains at 512 mAh g{sup ?1}-sulfur after 10 cycles.

Yu, Ji-Hyun; Park, Jin-Woo; Wang, Qing; Ryu, Ho-Suk; Kim, Ki-Won [School of Materials Science and Engineering, WCUNGB, RIGET, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 660-701 (Korea, Republic of)] [School of Materials Science and Engineering, WCUNGB, RIGET, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 660-701 (Korea, Republic of); Ahn, Jou-Hyeon [Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 660-701 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 660-701 (Korea, Republic of); Kang, Yongku [Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology, Daejeon 305-600 (Korea, Republic of)] [Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology, Daejeon 305-600 (Korea, Republic of); Wang, Guoxiu [School of Materials Science and Engineering, WCUNGB, RIGET, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 660-701 (Korea, Republic of) [School of Materials Science and Engineering, WCUNGB, RIGET, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 660-701 (Korea, Republic of); School of Chemistry and Forensic Science, University of Technology Sydney, Broadway, Sydney, NSW 2007 (Australia); Ahn, Hyo-Jun, E-mail: ahj@gnu.ac.kr [School of Materials Science and Engineering, WCUNGB, RIGET, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 660-701 (Korea, Republic of)] [School of Materials Science and Engineering, WCUNGB, RIGET, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 660-701 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

246

Auger spectrum of the LiF molecule  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Auger spectrum of LiF vapor has been measured in the energy region 600-680 eV by means of electron-beam excitation. The assignment of the peak structure is based on theoretical ab initio calculations with the use of the multiconfigurational complete-active-space self-consistent-field method and by comparison with the corresponding spectra of the neon atom and the hydrogen fluoride molecule.

Matti Hotokka; Hans gren; Helena Aksela; Seppo Aksela

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Interaction between Thermal Phonons and Dislocations in LiF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermal conductivity measurements on deformed LiF crystals from 0.04 to 0.8 K have indicated a strong polarization- and frequency-dependent dynamic scattering of thermal phonons by mobile dislocations. Heat-pulse experiments at 3.6 K have verified both the strength and polarization dependence of the scattering mechanism. The scattering of thermal phonons by sessile dislocations was too weak to be detected.

A. C. Anderson and M. E. Malinowski

1972-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

248

Synthesis and characterization of pristine Li2MnSiO4 and Li2MnSiO4/C cathode materials for lithium ion batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Pristine Li2MnSiO4 and Li2MnSiO4.../C were both prepared by the solgel method. Citric acid was used as the carbon source. Lithium acetate dihydrate, manganese acetate tetrahydrate, and citric acid were first dis...

Qianqian Zhang; Quanchao Zhuang; Shoudong Xu; Xiangyun Qiu; Yongli Cui; Yueli Shi

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Predictive Models of Li-ion Battery Lifetime (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Predictive models of Li-ion battery reliability must consider a multiplicity of electrochemical, thermal and mechanical degradation modes experienced by batteries in application environments. Complicating matters, Li-ion batteries can experience several path dependent degradation trajectories dependent on storage and cycling history of the application environment. Rates of degradation are controlled by factors such as temperature history, electrochemical operating window, and charge/discharge rate. Lacking accurate models and tests, lifetime uncertainty must be absorbed by overdesign and warranty costs. Degradation models are needed that predict lifetime more accurately and with less test data. Models should also provide engineering feedback for next generation battery designs. This presentation reviews both multi-dimensional physical models and simpler, lumped surrogate models of battery electrochemical and mechanical degradation. Models are compared with cell- and pack-level aging data from commercial Li-ion chemistries. The analysis elucidates the relative importance of electrochemical and mechanical stress-induced degradation mechanisms in real-world operating environments. Opportunities for extending the lifetime of commercial battery systems are explored.

Smith, K.; Wood, E.; Santhanagopalan, S.; Kim, G.; Shi, Y.; Pesaran, A.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Revisit Carbon/Sulfur Composite for Li-S Batteries  

SciTech Connect

To correlate the carbon properties e.g. surface area and porous structure, with the electrochemical behaviors of carbon/sulfur (C/S) composite cathodes for lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries, four different carbon frameworks including Ketjen Black (KB, high surface area and porous), Graphene (high surface area and nonporous), Acetylene Black (AB, low surface area and nonporous) and Hollow Carbon Nano Sphere (HCNS, low surface area and porous) are employed to immobilize sulfur (80 wt.%). It has been revealed that high surface area of carbon improves the utilization rate of active sulfur and decreases the real current density during the electrochemical reactions. Accordingly, increased reversible capacities and reduced polarization are observed for high surface area carbon hosts such as KB/S and graphene/S composites. The porous structure of KB or HCNS matrix promotes the long-term cycling stability of C/S composites but only at relatively low rate (0.2 C). Once the current density increases, the pore effect completely disappears and all Li-S batteries show similar trend of capacity degradation regardless of the different carbon hosts used in the cathodes. The reason has been assigned to the formation of reduced amount of irreversible Li2S on the cathode as well as shortened time for polysulfides to transport towards lithium anode at elevated current densities. This work provides valuable information for predictive selection on carbon materials to construct C/S composite for practical applications from the electrochemical point of view.

Zheng, Jianming; Gu, Meng; Wagner, Michael J.; Hays, Kevin; Li, Xiaohong S.; Zuo, Pengjian; Wang, Chong M.; Zhang, Jiguang; Liu, Jun; Xiao, Jie

2013-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

251

High Capacity Pouch-Type Li-air Batteries  

SciTech Connect

The pouch-type Li-air batteries operated in ambient condition are reported in this work. The battery used a heat sealable plastic membrane as package material, O2 diffusion membrane and moisture barrier. The large variation in internal resistance of the batteries is minimized by a modified separator which can bind the cell stack together. The cells using the modified separators show improved and repeatable discharge performances. It is also found that addition of about 20% of 1,2-dimethoxyethane (DME) in PC:EC (1:1) based electrolyte solvent improves can improve the wetability of carbon electrode and the discharge capacities of Li-air batteries, but further increase in DME amount lead to a decreased capacity due to increase electrolyte loss during discharge process. The pouch-type Li-air batteries with the modified separator and optimized electrolyte has demonstrated a specific capacity of 2711 mAh g-1 based on carbon and a specific energy of 344 Wh kg-1 based on the complete batteries including package.

Wang, Deyu; Xiao, Jie; Xu, Wu; Zhang, Jiguang

2010-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

252

Development of Li+ alumino-silicate ion source  

SciTech Connect

To uniformly heat targets to electron-volt temperatures for the study of warm dense matter, one strategy is to deposit most of the ion energy at the peak of energy loss (dE/dx) with a low (E< 5 MeV) kinetic energy beam and a thin target[1]. Lower mass ions have a peak dE/dx at a lower kinetic energy. To this end, a small lithium (Li+) alumino-silicate source has been fabricated, and its emission limit has been measured. These surface ionization sources are heated to 1000-1150 C where they preferentially emit singly ionized alkali ions. Alumino-silicates sources of K+ and Cs+ have been used extensively in beam experiments, but there are additional challenges for the preparation of high-quality Li+ sources: There are tighter tolerances in preparing and sintering the alumino-silicate to the substrate to produce an emitter that gives uniform ion emission, sufficient current density and low beam emittance. We report on recent measurements ofhigh ( up to 35 mA/cm2) current density from a Li+ source. Ion species identification of possible contaminants is being verified with a Wien (E x B) filter, and via time-of-flight.

Roy, P.K.; Seidl, P.A.; Waldron, W.; Greenway, W.; Lidia, S.; Anders, A.; Kwan, J.

2009-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

253

Development and validation of TOF-SIMS and CLSM imaging method for cytotoxicity study of ZnO nanoparticles in HaCaT cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) exhibit novel physiochemical properties and have found increasing use in sunscreen products and cosmetics. The potential toxicity is of increasing concern due to their close association with human skin. A time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS) and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) imaging method was developed and validated for rapid and sensitive cytotoxicity study of ZnO \\{NPs\\} using human skin equivalent HaCaT cells as a model system. Assorted material, chemical, and toxicological analysis methods were used to confirm their shape, size, crystalline structure, and aggregation properties as well as dissolution behavior and effect on HaCaT cell viability in the presence of various concentrations of ZnO \\{NPs\\} in aqueous media. Comparative and correlative analyses of aforementioned results with TOF-SIMS and CLSM imaging results exhibit reasonable and acceptable outcome. A marked drop in survival rate was observed with 50?g/ml ZnO NPs. The CLSM images reveal the absorption and localization of ZnO \\{NPs\\} in cytoplasm and nuclei. The TOF-SIMS images demonstrate elevated levels of intracellular ZnO concentration and associated Zn concentration-dependent 40Ca/39K ratio, presumably caused by the dissolution behavior of ZnO NPs. Additional validation by using stable isotope-labeled 68ZnO \\{NPs\\} as tracers under the same experimental conditions yields similar cytotoxicity effect. The imaging results demonstrate spatially-resolved cytotoxicity relationship between intracellular ZnO NPs, 40Ca/39K ratio, phosphocholine fragments, and glutathione fragments. The trend of change in TOF-SIMS spectra and images of ZnO \\{NPs\\} treated HaCaT cells demonstrate the possible mode of actions by ZnO NP involves cell membrane disruption, cytotoxic response, and ROS mediated apoptosis.

Pei-Ling Lee; Bo-Chia Chen; Ganesh Gollavelli; Sin-Yu Shen; Yu-Sheng Yin; Shiu-Ling Lei; Cian-Ling Jhang; Woan-Ruoh Lee; Yong-Chien Ling

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

LiMnPO4 Nanoplate Grown via Solid-State Reaction in Molten Hydrocarbon for Li-Ion Battery Cathode  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(1-21) Following the initial work by Padhi et al. on the inductive effects of polyanions in a phospho-olivine LiFePO4 cathode with an increased Fe2+/3+ redox couple potential, olivine structures have become the focus of Li-ion battery cathodes in recent years. ... This process shows potential for further improvement using a simplified synthesis route to obtain fully electrochemically active LiMnPO4, which appears to be a promising cathode material for Li-ion batteries. ... The low surface activity of this material, compared to lithiated transition-metal oxides used as cathode materials for Li-ion batteries, is due to the relatively low basicity and nucleophilicity of the O atoms in the olivine compds. ...

Daiwon Choi; Donghai Wang; In-Tae Bae; Jie Xiao; Zimin Nie; Wei Wang; Vilayanur V. Viswanathan; Yun Jung Lee; Ji-Guang Zhang; Gordon L. Graff; Zhenguo Yang; Jun Liu

2010-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

255

A Simultaneous Solution to the ^6Li and ^7Li Big Bang Nucleosynthesis Problems from a Long-Lived Negatively-Charged Leptonic Particle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The $^6$Li abundance observed in metal poor halo stars exhibits a plateau similar to that for $^7$Li suggesting a primordial origin. However, the observed abundance of $^6$Li is a factor of $10^3$ larger and that of $^7$Li is a factor of 3 lower than the abundances predicted in the standard big bang when the baryon-to-photon ratio is fixed by WMAP. Here we show that both of these abundance anomalies can be explained by the existence of a long-lived massive, negatively-charged leptonic particle during nucleosynthesis. Such particles would capture onto the synthesized nuclei thereby reducing the reaction Coulomb barriers and opening new transfer reaction possibilities, and catalyzing a second round of big bang nucleosynthesis. This novel solution to both of the Li problems can be achieved with or without the additional effects of stellar destruction.

Motohiko Kusakabe; Toshitaka Kajino; Richard N. Boyd; Takashi Yoshida; Grant J. Mathews

2007-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

256

On LiF:Mg,Cu,P and LiF:Mg,Ti phosphors high & ultra-high dose features  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LiF:Mg,Ti and LiF:Mg,Cu,P are well known thermoluminescence (TL) dosimetry materials since many years. A few years ago their properties seemed well known and it was widely believed that they are not suitable for the measurement of doses above the saturation level of the TL signal, which for both materials occur at about 1 kGy. The high-dose high-temperature TL emission of LiF:Mg,Cu,P observed at the IFJ in 2006, which above 30 kGy takes the form of the so-called TL peak B, opened the way to use this material for measuring the dose in the high and ultra-high range, in particular for the monitoring of ionizing radiation around the essential electronic elements of high-energy accelerators, also fission and fusion facilities, as well as for emergency dosimetry. This discovery initiated studies of high and ultra-high dose characteristics of both of these phosphors, which turned out to be significantly different in many aspects. These studies not only strive to refine the method for measuring high doses based on th...

Obryk, Barbara; de Barros, Vinicius S; Guzzo, Pedro L; Bilski, Pawe?

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

LiDAR At Chocolate Mountains Area (Alm, Et Al., 2010) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LiDAR At Chocolate Mountains Area (Alm, Et Al., 2010) LiDAR At Chocolate Mountains Area (Alm, Et Al., 2010) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: LiDAR At Chocolate Mountains Area (Alm, Et Al., 2010) Exploration Activity Details Location Chocolate Mountains Area Exploration Technique LiDAR Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Recent exploration includes a high resolution aerial Li-DAR survey flown over the project areas, securing over 177,000 square kilometers of <30cm accuracy digital elevation data. LiDAR data were analyzed to characterize the active tectonic environment, and identify Holocene structures, which are common conduits for upwelling geothermal fluids. References Steve Alm, S. Bjornstad, M. Lazaro, A. Sabin1, D. Meade, J. Shoffner, W. C. Huang, J. Unruh, M. Strane, H. Ross (2010) Geothermal

258

Effect of Li Promoter on titania-supported Rh catalyst for ethanol formation from CO hydrogenation  

SciTech Connect

The addition of 0.10wt% Li to Rh/TiO2 more than doubled the CO conversion for CO hydrogenation while increasing ethanol selectivity. The addition of Li also increases formation of C2 oxygenates at the expense of C1 species, methanol and methane. This is attributed to enhanced dispersion of Rh by Li that appears to reduce dissociation of CO, which previous studies have shown requires large ensembles of Rh atoms on the surface. Li promotion appears to increase the associatively adsorbed CO, allowing for increased H2 chemisorption on the surface compared to the dissociative adsorption of the same number of CO atoms. This increases selectivity to ethanol compared to the unpromoted catalysts. CO-TPD shows more reactive adsorbed CO species on the Li-promoted catalyst. FTIR results suggest that Li promotion alters CO bonding at bridged or interfacial sites and its effect is more structural than electronic.

Egbebi, Adefemi [Louisiana State University; Overbury, Steven {Steve} H [ORNL; Schwartz, Viviane [ORNL; Spivey, James J [Louisiana State University

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Dual active material composite cathode structures for Li-ion batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The efficacy of composite Li-ion battery cathodes made by mixing active materials that possessed either high-rate capability or high specific energy was examined. The cathode structures studied contained carbon-coated LiFePO4 and either Li[Li0.17Mn0.58Ni0.25]O2 or LiCoO2. These active materials were arranged using three different electrode geometries: fully intermixed, fully separated, or layered. Discharge rate studies, cycle-life evaluation, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy studies were conducted using coin cell test structures containing Li-metal anodes. Results indicated that electrode configuration was correlated to rate capability and degree of polarization if there was a large differential between the rate capabilities of the two active material species.

J.F. Whitacre; K. Zaghib; W.C. West; B.V. Ratnakumar

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Vaporization property and crystal structure of lithium metatitanate with excess Li  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The vaporization property and the crystal structure of lithium metatitanate with excess Li, which has been developed as an advanced tritium breeder, were studied. After synthesizing the lithium metatitanate specimens with Li/Ti=2.02.3 (at mixing of the starting materials), the vaporization properties were investigated by measuring the mass losses during heating at 1173K. The Li excessive specimens indicated higher rates of mass loss than the stoichiometric one during heating as long as excessive lithium atom exists. The crystal structures of stoichiometric and nonstoichiometric lithium metatitanates were discussed with the result of neutron diffraction and the refined structural parameters by Rietveld analysis. The refinement (Rwp=7.98, Rp=5.96 and Re=2.58) suggested that lithium metatitanate with excess Li has ?-Li2TiO3 structure and excess Li atoms exist at unstable sites with the formation of reduced titanium or site vacancies.

Keisuke Mukai; Kazuya Sasaki; Takayuki Terai; Akihiro Suzuki; Tsuyoshi Hoshino

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li liberia ha" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Gq protein mediates UVB-induced cyclooxygenase-2 expression by stimulating HB-EGF secretion from HaCaT human keratinocytes  

SciTech Connect

Ultraviolet (UV) radiation induces cyclooxygenase-2 expression to produce cellular responses including aging and carcinogenesis in skin. We hypothesised that heterotrimeric G proteins mediate UV-induced COX-2 expression by stimulating secretion of soluble HB-EGF (sHB-EGF). In this study, we aimed to elucidate the role and underlying mechanism of the {alpha} subunit of Gq protein (G{alpha}q) in UVB-induced HB-EGF secretion and COX-2 induction. We found that expression of constitutively active G{alpha}q (G{alpha}qQL) augmented UVB-induced HB-EGF secretion, which was abolished by knockdown of G{alpha}q with shRNA in HaCaT human keratinocytes. G{alpha}q was found to mediate the UVB-induced HB-EGF secretion by sequential activation of phospholipase C (PLC), protein kinase C{delta} (PKC{delta}), and matrix metaloprotease-2 (MMP-2). Moreover, G{alpha}qQL mediated UVB-induced COX-2 expression in an HB-EGF-, EGFR-, and p38-dependent manner. From these results, we concluded that G{alpha}q mediates UV-induced COX-2 expression through activation of EGFR by HB-EGF, of which ectodomain shedding was stimulated through sequential activation of PLC, PKC{delta} and MMP-2 in HaCaT cells.

Seo, MiRan [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and Cancer Research Institute, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and Cancer Research Institute, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Juhnn, Yong-Sung, E-mail: juhnn@snu.ac.kr [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and Cancer Research Institute, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and Cancer Research Institute, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2010-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

262

Fe3O4-LiMo3Se3 Nanoparticle Clusters as Superparamagnetic Nanocompasses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fe3O4-LiMo3Se3 Nanoparticle Clusters as Superparamagnetic Nanocompasses Frank E. Osterloh,*, Hiroki bacteria is described. LiMo3Se3-Fe3O4 nanowire-nanoparticle composites were synthesized by a reaction of 3-iodopropionic acid treated LiMo3Se3 nanowire bundles with oleic acid-stabilized Fe3O4 nanoparticles of 2.8, 5

Osterloh, Frank

263

Low-Cost Graphite and Olivine-Based Materials for Li-Ion Batteries  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

WORK Identify suitable graphite materials for anodes that meet the requirement for low cost and long cycle life. Fabricate half cells (Ligraphite) and Li-ion (graphiteolivine)...

264

Significant Cost Improvement of Li-Ion Cells Through Non-NMP...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 DOE Program Review: Significant Cost Improvement of Li- Ion Cells Through Non-NMP Electrode Coating, Direct Separator Coating, and Fast Formation Technologies PI: YK Son...

265

Formation Of The Spinel Phase In The Layered Composite Cathode Used In Li-Ion Batteries  

SciTech Connect

Pristine Li-rich layered cathodes, such as Li1.2Ni0.2Mn0.6O2 and Li1.2Ni0.1Mn0.525Co0.175O2, were identified to exist in two different structures: LiMO2 R-3m and Li2MO3 C2/m phases. Upon charge/discharge cycling, both phases gradually transform to the spinel structure. The transition from LiMO2 R-3m to spinel is accomplished through the migration of transition metal ions to the Li site without breaking down the lattice, leading to the formation of mosaic structured spinel grains within the parent particle. In contrast, transition from Li2MO3 C2/m to spinel involves removal of Li+ and O2-, which produces a large lattice strain and leads to the breakdown of the parent lattice and therefore the newly formed spinel grains show random orientation within the same particle. Cracks and pores were also noticed within some particles, which is believed to be the consequence of the breakdown of the lattice and vacancy condensation upon removal of lithium ions. The presently observed structure transition characteristics provide direct reasons for the observed gradual capacity loss and poor rate performance of the layered composite. Ultimately it also provides clues about how to improve the materials structure with potential improved performance.

Gu, Meng; Belharouak, Ilias; Zheng, Jianming; Wu, Huiming; Xiao, Jie; Genc, Arda; Amine, Khalil; Thevuthasan, Suntharampillai; Baer, Donald R.; Zhang, Jiguang; Browning, Nigel D.; Liu, Jun; Wang, Chong M.

2013-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

266

Synthesis of Li-ion battery cathode materials via freeze granulation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Recently, enormous efforts have been done within the development of Li-ion batteries for use in portable electric devices from small scale applications such as mobile (more)

Kasvayee, Keivan Amiri

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Solid State NMR Studies of Li-Rich NMC Cathodes: Investigating...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

voltage fade * Electrochemical characterization of LMR-NMC cathode materials with fully lithium-6 enriched cells (enriched electrolyte, enriched Li-metal and enriched cathode) *...

268

Impedance studies of the thin film LiMn2O4/electrolyteinterface  

SciTech Connect

Room-temperature impedance measurements of a thin-film LiMn2O4/LiPF6-EC-DMC interface have been used to identify the spontaneous formation Li2Mn2O4 at the interface at room temperature at voltages of 3.7 and higher. The impedance of the LiMn2O4 films exhibited two time constants: at about 14 kHz and 60 to 200 Hz. The high frequency loop is dependent on film morphology and was attributed to the substrate/oxide interface. The low frequency behavior was dependent on both state-of-charge (SOC) and time at a given SOC. At full charge the impedance in this electrolyte was stable at room temperature over several days. At high lithium contents, film OCV and impedance tended to grow logarithmically with time, with lower rates for lower Mn3+ content in the film. The increased impedance was removed by oxidation of the film to 4.5V vs. Li/Li+. The observations are consistent with a reversible disproportionation of part of the LiMn2O4 into Li2Mn2O4 and a lithium-deficient spinel. With extended constant current cycling part of the Li2Mn2O4 degrades to the Mn2O3 and the process is no longer reversible.

Striebel, Kathryn A.; Sakai, E.; Cairns, Elton J.

2001-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

269

Investigation of the Rechargeability of Li-O2 Batteries in Non-aqueous Electrolyte  

SciTech Connect

In order to understand the nature of the limited cycle life and poor energy efficiency associated with the secondary Li-O2 batteries the discharge products of primary Li-O2 cells at different depth of discharge (DOD) are systematically analyzed in this work. It is revealed that if discharged to 2.0 V a small amount of Li2O2 coexist with Li2CO3 and RO-(C=O)-OLi) in alkyl carbonate-based electrolyte. Further discharging the air electrodes to below 2.0 V the amount of Li2CO3 and LiRCO3 increases significantly due to the severe electrolyte decomposition. There is no Li2O detected in this alkyl carbonate electrolyte regardless of DOD. It is also found that the alkyl carbonate based electrolyte begins to decompose at 4.0 V during charging under the combined influences from the high surface area carbon, the nickel metal current collector and the oxygen atmosphere. Accordingly the impedance of the Li-O2 cell continues to increase after each discharge and recharge process indicating a repeated plating of insoluble lithium salts on the carbon surface. Therefore the whole carbon electrode becomes completely insulated only after a few cycles and loses the function of providing active tri-phase regions for the Li-oxygen batteries.

Xiao, Jie; Hu, Jian Z.; Wang, Deyu; Hu, Dehong; Xu, Wu; Graff, Gordon L.; Nie, Zimin; Liu, Jun; Zhang, Jiguang

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

The mechanism of HF formation in LiPF6-based organic carbonate electrolytes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lithium ion battery electrolytes upon thermal aging werethermal degradation of LiPF 6 at 50C in a lithium ion battery

Lux, Simon

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Passivation of Aluminum in Lithium-ion Battery Electrolytes with LiBOB  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

much greater thermal The passivation of aluminum in batterybattery electrolytes, LiPF 6 does have some shortcomings. In particular, the thermal

Zhang, Xueyuan; Devine, Thomas M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Thermal Instability of Olivine-Type LiMnP04 Cathodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

thermal stability of LiFePC^ and its charged counterpart, FeP04, have been instrumental in its commercialization as a lithium ion battery

Chen, Guoying

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Structural Analysis of Southern Dixie Valley using LiDAR and...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Structural Analysis of Southern Dixie Valley using LiDAR and Low-Sun-Angle Aerial Photography, NAS Fallon Geothermal Exploration Project, Dixie Valley, Nevada Jump to: navigation,...

274

Factors Influencing the Quality of Carbon Coatings on LiFePO4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2 H 3 O 2 Li2H 2 O (lithium acetate, Sigma Aldrich), and HThe iron nitrate and lithium acetate were combined with the

Wilcox, James D.; Doeff, Marca M.; Marcinek, Marek; Kostecki, Robert

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

LiDAR At Glass Buttes Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

References (1 January 2011) GTP ARRA Spreadsheet Additional References Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleLiDARAtGlassButtesArea(DOEGTP)&oldid402493...

276

Superior Long-Term Energy Retention and Volumetric Energy Density for Li-Rich Cathode Materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Superior Long-Term Energy Retention and Volumetric Energy Density for Li-Rich Cathode Materials ... Department of Energy Engineering, School of

Pilgun Oh; Seungjun Myeong; Woongrae Cho; Min-Joon Lee; Minseong Ko; Hu Young Jeong; Jaephil Cho

2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

277

First-Principles Study of Novel Conversion Reactions for High-Capacity Li-Ion Battery Anodes in the Li-Mg-B-N-H System  

SciTech Connect

Anodes for Li-ion batteries are primarily carbon-based due to their low cost and long cycle life. However, improvements to the Li capacity of carbon anodes, LiC{sub 6} in particular, are necessary to obtain a larger energy density. State-of-the-art light-metal hydrides for hydrogen storage applications often contain Li and involve reactions requiring Li transport, and light-metal ionic hydrides are candidates for novel conversion materials. Given a set of known solid-state and gas-phase reactants, we have determined the phase diagram in the Li-Mg-B-N-H system in the grand canonical ensemble, as a function of lithium chemical potential. We present computational results for several new conversion reactions with capacities between 2400 and 4000 mAh g{sup -1} that are thermodynamically favorable and that do not involve gas evolution. We provide experimental evidence for the reaction pathway on delithiation for the compound Li{sub 4}BN{sub 3}H{sub 10}. While the predicted reactions involve multiple steps, the maximum volume increase for these materials on lithium insertion is significantly smaller than that for Si.

Mason, T.H.; Graetz, J.; Liu, X.; Hong, J.; Majzoub, E.H.

2011-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

278

Investigation on the Charging Process of Li2O2-Based Air Electrodes in Li-O2 Batteries with Organic Carbonate Electrolytes  

SciTech Connect

The charge processes of Li-O2 batteries were investigated by analyzing the gas evolution by in situ gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC/MS) technique. The mixture of Li2O2/Fe3O4/Super P carbon/polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) was used as the starting air electrode material and 1M LiTFSI in carbonate-based solvents was used as electrolyte. It was found that Li2O2 is reactive to 1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone and PVDF binder used in the electrode preparation. During the 1st charge (up to 4.6 V), O2 was the main component in the gases released. The amount of O2 measured by GC/MS was consistent with the amount of Li2O2 decomposed in the electrochemical process as measured by the charge capacity, indicative of the good chargeability of Li2O2. However, after the cell was discharged to 2.0 V in O2 atmosphere and re-charged to ~ 4.6 V in the second cycle, CO2 was dominant in the released gases. Further analysis of the discharged air electrode by X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy indicated that lithium-containing carbonate species (lithium alkyl carbonate and/or Li2CO3) were the main reaction products. Therefore, compatible electrolyte and electrodes as well as the electrode preparation procedures need to be developed for long term operation of rechargeable Li-O2 or Li-air batteries.

Xu, Wu; Viswanathan, Vilayanur V.; Wang, Deyu; Towne, Silas A.; Xiao, Jie; Nie, Zimin; Hu, Dehong; Zhang, Jiguang

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

279

Beyond One-Electron Reaction in Li Cathode Materials: ? Designing Li2MnxFe1-xSiO4  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Detailed DFT calculations further indicate that it might be possible to obtain a stable material with a reversible exchange of more than one Li ion per redox-active transition metal ion by using an appropriate Mn/Fe mixture (solid solution) with a general formula Li2MnxFe1-xSiO4. ... Li2MnSiO4 has been identified recently as one of the first cathode battery materials that, at least in principle, could exchange more than 1 lithium per redox-active transition metal ion. ...

Anton Kokalj; Robert Dominko; Gregor Mali; Anton Meden; Miran Gaberscek; Janez Jamnik

2007-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

280

Ab initio structure search and in situ 7Li NMR studies of discharge products in the Li-S battery system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

spectrometer in screw-cap NMR tubes. Sealed capillaries filled with chloroform-d were placed in the NMR tube along with the sample to achieve a lock without sacrificing the integrity of the polysulfide solu- tions. Bag cells were prepared for in situ NMR... from which the CQ values can be extracted. We have used this methodology to analyze the decomposition products formed in a Li-air battery.42 The Li+ environments in crystalline Li2S are cu- bic, and no satellite transitions are expected (Figure 2b...

See, Kimberly A.; Leskes, Michal; Griffin, John M.; Britto, Sylvia; Matthews, Peter D.; Emly, Alexandra; Van der Ven, Anton; Wright, Dominic S.; Morris, Andrew J.; Grey, Clare P.; Seshadri, Ram

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li liberia ha" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Ballistic-phonon propagation in LiF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The interaction between high-frequency ballistic phonons and mass defects in LiF of natural isotopic composition has been studied with the use of a heat-pulse technique. Studies were made as a function of input power for samples of various length oriented along the [111] direction. The results indicate that surface imperfections have a profound effect on the transmission of high-frequency phonons. The experiments on suitably prepared surfaces yield a phonon scattering rate which is in excellent agreement with theoretical predictions and thermal conductivity measurements.

R. Soltis and J. Trivisonno

1984-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

282

Li-Ion and Other Advanced Battery Technologies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

scientist viewing computer screen scientist viewing computer screen Li-Ion and Other Advanced Battery Technologies The research aims to overcome the fundamental chemical and mechanical instabilities that have impeded the development of batteries for vehicles with acceptable range, acceleration, costs, lifetime, and safety. Its aim is to identify and better understand cell performance and lifetime limitations. These batteries have many other applications, in mobile electronic devices, for example. The work addresses synthesis of components into battery cells with determination of failure modes, materials synthesis and evaluation, advanced diagnostics, and improved electrochemical model development. This research involves: Battery development and analysis; Mathematical modeling; Sophisticated diagnostics;

283

LiWall Fusion - The New Concept of Magnetic Fusion  

SciTech Connect

Utilization of the outstanding abilities of a liquid lithium layer in pumping hydrogen isotopes leads to a new approach to magnetic fusion, called the LiWall Fusion. It relies on innovative plasma regimes with low edge density and high temperature. The approach combines fueling the plasma by neutral injection beams with the best possible elimination of outside neutral gas sources, which cools down the plasma edge. Prevention of cooling the plasma edge suppresses the dominant, temperature gradient related turbulence in the core. Such an approach is much more suitable for controlled fusion than the present practice, relying on high heating power for compensating essentially unlimited turbulent energy losses.

L.E. Zakharov

2011-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

284

Beyond Conventional Cathode Materials for Li-ion Batteries and Na-ion Batteries Nickel fluoride conversion materials and P2 type Na-ion intercalation cathodes /  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

active material for Li-ion battery, Fe2OF4. ElectrochemistryIron Fluoride, in a Li Ion Battery: A Solid-State NMR, X-raymaterials for Li-ion battery133 8.2. P2 type

Lee, Dae Hoe

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Physical properties of Li ion conducting polyphosphazene based polymer electrolytes  

SciTech Connect

We report a systematic study of the transport properties and the underlying physical chemistry of some polyphosphazene (PPhz)-based polymer electrolytes. We synthesized MEEP and variants which employed mixed combinations of different length oxyethylene side-chains. We compare the conductivity and ion-ion interactions in polymer electrolytes obtained with lithium triflate and lithium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (TFSI) salts added to the polymer. The combination of the lithium imide salt and MEEP yields a maximum conductivity of 8 x 10{sup -5} {Omega}{sup -1} cm{sup -1} at room temperature at a salt loading of 8 monomers per lithium. In one of the mixed side-chain variations, a maximum conductivity of 2 x 10{sup -4} {Omega}{sup -1} cm{sup -1} was measured at the same molar ratio. Raman spectral analysis shows some ion aggregation and some polymer - ion interactions in the PPhz-LiTFSI case but much less than observed with Li CF{sub 3}SO{sub 3}. A sharp increase in the Tg as salt is added corresponds to concentrations above which the conductivity significantly decreases and ion associations appear.

Sanderson, S.; Zawodzinski, T.; Hermes, R.; Davey, J.; Dai, Hongli

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

286

Enhanced rate capability of LiMn0.9Mg0.1PO4 nanoplates by reduced graphene oxide/carbon double coating for Li-ion batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

March 2014 Available online 12 March 2014 Keywords: Li-ion battery LiMnPO4 Reduced graphene oxide ChargeEnhanced rate capability of LiMn0.9Mg0.1PO4 nanoplates by reduced graphene oxide/carbon double coating for Li-ion batteries Sungun Wi a , Jaewon Kim a , Seunghoon Nam a , Joonhyeon Kang a , Sangheon

Park, Byungwoo

287

ELECTROCHEMICAL ENERGY STORAGE DEVICES Arlin Alvarado Hernandez, Guanglian Li, Sylvia Nguyen, Fouche Smith,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ELECTROCHEMICAL ENERGY STORAGE DEVICES By Arlin Alvarado Hernandez, Guanglian Li, Sylvia Nguyen 55455-0436 Phone: 612-624-6066 Fax: 612-626-7370 URL: http://www.ima.umn.edu #12;Electrochemical Energy Storage Devices Arlin Alvarado Hernandez University of Puerto Rico Guanglian Li Texas A & M University

288

The Influence of Catalysts on Discharge and Charge Voltages of Rechargeable LiOxygen Batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study revealed the strong influence of carbon, Au/C, and Pt/C catalysts on the charge and discharge voltages of rechargeable LiO[subscript 2] batteries. LiO[subscript 2] single-cell measurements showed that Au/C had ...

Gasteiger, Hubert A.

289

Coupled displacive and orderdisorder dynamics in LiNbO3 by molecular-dynamics simulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transition. We find that this phase transition is a two-stage process involving a displacive transition, in the paraelectric phase each Nb ion sits at the center of a cage of six oxygen ions; in the ferroelectric structure phase the Li ions are actually displaced from the oxygen plane. Due to electrostatic repulsion, the Li

Gopalan, Venkatraman

290

High Energy Density Cathode for Lithium Batteries: From LiCoO_(2) to Sulfur  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

addressed, i.e. the safety hazard resulted from the Li dendrite formation on the Li metal anode and the poor cyclability arising from the polysulfides shuttle. Firstly, to overcome the safety issue, this dissertation reported a lithiated Si-S (LSS) battery...

Pu, Xiong

2014-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

291

Thermodynamic stability of oxide, nitride, and carbide coating materials in liquid Sn25Li  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermodynamic stability of oxide, nitride, and carbide coating materials in liquid Sn­25Li S of various oxides, carbides, and nitrides in Sn­Li is estimated as a function of lithium composition K most of the studied nitrides, carbides, and some oxides were found to be stable (DrG > 0). However

Ghoniem, Nasr M.

292

Design and optimization of 6li neutron-capture pulse mode ion chamber  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this research is to design and optimize the performance of a unique, inexpensive 6Li neutron-capture pulse-mode ion chamber (LiPMIC) for neutron detection that overcomes the fill-gas contamination stemming from outgas of detector...

Chung, Kiwhan

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

293

Study on generating of thermal neutron scattering cross sections for LiH  

SciTech Connect

LiH is designated as a promising moderator and shielding material because of its low density, high melting point and large fraction of H atoms. However, lack of the thermal neutron cross sections of LiH makes numerical calculation deviate from experimental data to some extent. As a result, it is necessary to study LiH thermal kernel effect. The phonon property of LiH has been investigated by first-principles calculations using the plane-wave pseudo potential method with CASTEP code. The scattering law and the thermal neutron scattering cross sections for Li and H have been generated using this distribution. The results have been compared with zirconium hydride data. The GASKET and NJOY/LEAPR codes have been used in the calculation of scattering law, whose results have been compared with the reference; the discrepancy mainly comes from phonon spectrums and its expansion. LEAPR had the capability to compute scattering through larger energy and momentum transfers than GASKET did. By studying LiH phonon spectrum and constructing the model of LiH thermal kernel and scattering matrix, the ACE format LiH thermal neutron cross sections for MCNP software could be made and used for reactor Neutronics calculation. (authors)

Wang, L.; Jiang, X.; Zhao, Z.; Chen, L. [Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an 710024 (China)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Selection of Conductive Additives in Li-Ion Battery Cathodes A Numerical Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- capacity LiNi1-xCoxO2 to lower cost LiNi1-xCoxO2. The addition of conductive additives to cathode materials significantly improve overall conductivity. Percolation was achieved for the volume fraction of active material particulate system. Neither surface nor bulk modifications of active-material particle conductivities seem

Sastry, Ann Marie

295

Short communication Hierarchical SiOx nanoconifers for Li-ion battery anodes with  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

oxide Li rechargeable battery Anode Nanoconifer Nanowire Thermal evaporation a b s t r a c t Silicon subShort communication Hierarchical SiOx nanoconifers for Li-ion battery anodes with structural through a simple thermal evaporation process.

Jo, Moon-Ho

296

Ultra-high hydrogen storage capacity of Li-decorated graphyne: A first-principles prediction  

SciTech Connect

Graphyne, consisting of sp- and sp{sup 2}-hybridized carbon atoms, is a new member of carbon allotropes which has a natural porous structure. Here, we report our first-principles calculations on the possibility of Li-decorated graphyne as a hydrogen storage medium. We predict that Li-doping significantly enhances the hydrogen storage ability of graphyne compared to that of pristine graphyne, which can be attributed to the polarization of H{sub 2} molecules induced by the charge transfer from Li atoms to graphyne. The favorite H{sub 2} molecules adsorption configurations on a single side and on both sides of a Li-decorated graphyne layer are determined. When Li atoms are adsorbed on one side of graphyne, each Li can bind four H{sub 2} molecules, corresponding to a hydrogen storage capacity of 9.26 wt. %. The hydrogen storage capacity can be further improved to 15.15 wt. % as graphyne is decorated by Li atoms on both sides, with an optimal average binding energy of 0.226 eV/H{sub 2}. The results show that the Li-decorated graphyne can serve as a high capacity hydrogen storage medium.

Zhang Hongyu; Zhang Meng; Zhao Lixia; Luo Youhua [Department of Physics, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237 (China); Zhao Mingwen; Bu Hongxia; He Xiujie [School of Physics and State Key Laboratory of Crystal Materials, Shandong University, Jinan, 250100 Shandong (China)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

297

Studies on Capacity Fade of Spinel based Li-Ion Batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Engineering University of South Carolina #12;Physical Characteristics of Cellbatt Lithium Ion Battery Engineering University of South Carolina #12;Change in discharge capacity for Li-ion cells charged for Electrochemical Engineering University of South Carolina #12;Experimental Full Cell studies on CellBatt® Li-ion

Popov, Branko N.

298

Development of First Principles Capacity Fade Model for Li-Ion Cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Development of First Principles Capacity Fade Model for Li-Ion Cells P. Ramadass,* Bala Haran,** Parthasarathy M. Gomadam,* Ralph White,*** and Branko N. Popov**,z Department of Chemical Engineering developed to simulate the capacity fade of Li-ion batteries. Incorporation of a continuous occurrence

Popov, Branko N.

299

Analysis of atomic and ion debris features of laser-produced Sn and Li plasmas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis of atomic and ion debris features of laser-produced Sn and Li plasmas R. W. Coons,a S. S. Harilal, D. Campos, and A. Hassanein School of Nuclear Engineering and Center for Materials Under Extreme provide a CE nearly twice that of Li. However, the kinetic energies of Sn ions are considerably higher

Harilal, S. S.

300

Comparison of EUV spectral and ion emission features from laser-produced Sn and Li plasmas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Comparison of EUV spectral and ion emission features from laser- produced Sn and Li plasmas R. W. Coons, D. Campos, M. Crank, S. S. Harilal, and A. Hassanein School of Nuclear Engineering, and Center, and the kinetic energies and fluxes of ions at various laser intensities for both Sn and Li plasmas. The maximum

Harilal, S. S.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li liberia ha" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Li4Ti5O12 heattreated under nitrogen ambient with outstanding rate capabilities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The powders of spinel Li4Ti5O12 were prepared by heat treating the mixture of rutile TiO2 and Li acetate at 800C for 3 h under a nitrogen atmosphere and, for comparison, under air as well. The powders ...

Rui Xu; Junrong Li; Zilong Tang; Zhongtai Zhang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Degradation of Li/S Battery Electrodes Studied Using X-ray Phase Contrast Tomography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Li-ion battery market. This can be explained by their high energy density, high operating voltage1 Degradation of Li/S Battery Electrodes Studied Using X-ray Phase Contrast Tomography L. Zielkea. Zengerlea,f and S. Thielea,g Lithium/sulphur batteries are promising candidates for future energy storage

Schmidt, Volker

303

Stochastic Simulation Model for the 3D Morphology of Composite Materials in Li-Ion Batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stochastic Simulation Model for the 3D Morphology of Composite Materials in Li-Ion Batteries Ralf of composite materials used in Li-ion batteries. In this paper, we develop a stochastic simulation model in 3D, Stochastic Simulation Model, Structural Analysis, Marked Point Process, Germ-Grain Model, Model Fitting

Schmidt, Volker

304

Using LiDAR and normalized difference vegetation index to remotely determine LAI and percent canopy cover at varying scales  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: (1) Develop scanning LiDAR and multispectral imagery methods to estimate PCC and LAI over both hardwood and coniferous forests; (2) investigate whether a LiDAR and normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data fusion through linear regression...

Griffin, Alicia Marie Rutledge

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

305

Simply AlF3-treated Li4Ti5O12 composite anode materials for stable...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Li4Ti5O12 composite anode materials for stable and ultrahigh power lithium-ion batteries. Simply AlF3-treated Li4Ti5O12 composite anode materials for stable and ultrahigh...

306

Raman Spectroscopic and Visible Absorption Investigation of LiCrSi2O6 Pyroxene Under Pressure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

symmetry.6,7 Spodumene (LiAlSi2O6) and LiCrSi2O6 behave similarly at the phase transition; both go from 6

Downs, Robert T.

307

Thermal Modeling and Effects of Electrode Configuration on Thermal Behaviour of a LiFePO4 Battery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Li-ion battery has great application prospects on electric vehicles ... etc. For the performance of Li-ion battery is closely related to its operating temperature, the battery thermal management technique is cons...

Cheng Ruan; Kun Diao; Huajie Chen; Yan Zhou

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Cyclic voltammetric investigation of the formation of intermetallic phases at a LiAl electrode in methyl acetate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The formation of various Li/Al intermetallic phases at the LiAl electrode in methyl acetate was studied using cyclic voltammetry. The thickness ... the reverse sweep, increased acceptance of deposited lithium, ro...

Y. S. Fung; H. C. Lai

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

High-Rate Cathodes Based on Li3V2(PO4)3 Nanobelts Prepared via...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cathodes Based on Li3V2(PO4)3 Nanobelts Prepared via Surfactant-Assisted Fabrication. Abstract: In this work, we synthesized monoclinic Li3V2(PO4)3 nanobelts via a single-step,...

310

Nano-Structured Li3V2(PO4)3 /Carbon Composite for High Rate Lithium...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nano-Structured Li3V2(PO4)3 Carbon Composite for High Rate Lithium Ion Batteries. Nano-Structured Li3V2(PO4)3 Carbon Composite for High Rate Lithium Ion Batteries. Abstract:...

311

Direct micron-sized LiMn2O4 particle coating on LiCoO2 cathode material using surfactant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

acid as a chelating agent until a viscous gel solution was observed. This solution was dried and fired used. The LiMn2O4 powders were ball-milled for 20 min in water (100 g) using 0.2 g of a polyacrylate dispersant, orotanR solution (chunghan Chem., Korea). The LiMn2O4 powder with orotanR was observed to be well

Cho, Jaephil

312

Crystal growth and low coercive field 180 domain switching characteristics of stoichiometric LiTaO3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Physics. S0003-6951 98 00847-X Lithium tantalate LiTaO3) and lithium niobate LiNbO3) are of interest in dry gas or wet gas had no distinct influence on the domain switching properties. Lithium tantalate Li only toward the Ta excess side in the Li2O­Ta2O5 pseudo- binary system.6 The melt composition, which

Gopalan, Venkatraman

313

Synthesis of LiCoMnO4 via a solgel method and its application in high power LiCoMnO4/Li4Ti5O12 lithium-ion batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A LiCoMnO4 (5V spinel) material has been synthesized by annealing a solgel precursor utilizing lithium acetate, cobalt acetate, manganese acetate, and citric acid. The as-prepared sample has been determined to be LiCo1.09Mn0.91O4 via inductive coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy. The deviation of the molar ratio of Co/Mn from 1:1 is designed to minimize the amount of LiMn2O4 impurity in our sample. The produced spinel material possesses an initial discharge capacity of 87.1mAhg?1 with two voltage plateaus at 5.1 and 4.9V. The LiCo1.09Mn0.91O4 cathode has been assembled with a Li4Ti5O12 anode to form a full-cell which delivered a discharge capacity of 131.2mAhg?1, centered at 3.2V. It is of great interest that despite the low coulombic efficiency of the full-cell, it shows good cyclic performance. In addition, The LiCo1.09Mn0.91O4/Li4Ti5O12 cell shows an excellent rate capability, delivering a capacity of 84.2mAhg?1, corresponding to a high power density of 4.70kWkg?1 at the current density of 1700mAg?1.

Xingkang Huang; Min Lin; Qingsong Tong; Xiuhua Li; Ying Ruan; Yong Yang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Extremely light Li in orogenic eclogites: The role of isotope fractionation during dehydration in subducted oceanic crust  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,20] and boron [21,22], but the degree of Li isotope fractionation during dehydration reactions has yet to be determined. In this regard we measured Li isotopeExtremely light Li in orogenic eclogites: The role of isotope fractionation during dehydration

Rudnick, Roberta L.

315

Phase Separations in LiFe1xMnxPO4: A Random Stack Model for Efficient Cathode Materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lithium transition metal phosphates are of interest as storage cathodes for rechargeable Li batteries because of their high energy d., low raw materials cost, environmental friendliness and safety. ... The former material, proven to be very promising as active cathode material in Li metal and Li-ion batteries, was synthesized through a new procedure that combines a simple sol-gel pptn. ...

Weifeng Huang; Shi Tao; Jing Zhou; Cheng Si; Xing Chen; Wei Huang; Chuanhong Jin; Wangsheng Chu; Li Song; Ziyu Wu

2013-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

316

LiFePO4 batteries with enhanced lithium-ion-diffusion ability due to graphene addition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, graphene was added to LiFePO4 via a hydrothermal method to improve the lithium-ion-diffusion ability of LiFePO4. The influence of graphene addition on LiFePO4 was studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD)...

Van Hiep Nguyen; Hal-Bon Gu

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Enhanced hydrogen storage properties of LiAlH4 catalyzed by CoFe2O4 nanoparticles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Enhanced hydrogen storage properties of LiAlH4 catalyzed by CoFe2O4 nanoparticles Ziliang Li The catalytic effects of CoFe2O4 nanoparticles on the hydrogen storage properties of LiAlH4 prepared by ball of advanced hydrogen storage materials for safely storing it at high gravimetric and volumetric densities.4

Volinsky, Alex A.

318

Journal of Power Sources 126 (2004) 193202 Li-ion microbatteries generated by a laser direct-write method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to fabricate Li-ion microbatteries. The battery electrodes are made by the laser-induced forward transfer. Keywords: Microbattery; Battery; Li-ion; Direct-write; Laser 1. Introduction A current trend in technologyJournal of Power Sources 126 (2004) 193­202 Li-ion microbatteries generated by a laser direct

Arnold, Craig B.

319

Microstructure Reconstruction and Direct Evaluation of Li-Ion Battery Cathodes Fuqiang Liu* and N A Siddique  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Microstructure Reconstruction and Direct Evaluation of Li-Ion Battery Cathodes Fuqiang Liu* and N of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas 76019, USA High-capacity Li-ion batteries are among the best of the major challenges in Li-ion batteries is to improve mass transport across multiple phase interfaces

Liu, Fuqiang

320

Robustness analysis of State-of-Charge estimation methods for two types of Li-ion batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Robustness analysis of State-of-Charge estimation methods for two types of Li-ion batteries estimation Li-ion battery Robustness analysis a b s t r a c t Battery State of Charge (SOC) estimation. This paper analyzes the robustness of SOC estimation algorithms for two types of Li-ion batteries under

Peng, Huei

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li liberia ha" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Recycling of LiFePO4 Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8-11, 2011 8-11, 2011 Linda Gaines Center for Transportation Research Argonne National Laboratory Recycling of LiFePO 4 Batteries 7th International Symposium on Inorganic Phosphate Materials Phosphate Materials for Energy Storage We don't want to trade one crisis for another!  Battery material shortages are unlikely - We demonstrated that lithium demand can be met - Recycling mitigates potential scarcity  Life-cycle analysis checks for unforeseen impacts  We need to find something to do with the used materials - Safe - Economical 2 Battery materials could get used multiple times Initial Use Automotive power Secondary Use Utility storage Residential storage Power at remote location Refurbishment Rejuvenate (change electrolyte) Switch out bad module

322

Magnetic phase diagram of magnetoelectric LiMnPO4  

SciTech Connect

The nature of the spin-flop (SF) transition in the magnetoelectric quasi-2D Heisenberg system LiMnPO4 is studied in fields applied along the a axis. A refinement of the magnetic structure using neutron diffraction data in the SF phase reveals that the spins reorient from being parallel to the a axis to be nearly along the c axis at magnetic fields between 4 and 4.7 T, depending on temperature. The low-field antiferromagnetic phase boundary is shown to join the spin-flop line tangentially at the so-called bicritical point, where there is a suppression of the ordering temperature. At the bicritical field, we observe an increased intensity of the Lorentz broadened elastic scattering at magnetic Bragg peaks above TN as compared to zero field and 10 T, without an increase in peak width. This suggests an increased density of fluctuations at the bicritical field as compared to zero field.

Toft-Petersen, Rasmus; Andersen, Niels H.; Li, Haifeng; Li, Jiying; Tian, Wei; Budko, Serguei L.; Jensen, Thomas B.S.; Niedermayer, Christof; Laver, Mark; Zaharko, Oksana; Lynn, Jeffrey W.; Vaknin, David

2012-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

323

Interfacial studies of a thin-film Li2Mn4O9 electrode  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Interfacial studies of a thin-film Li2Mn4O9 electrode Interfacial studies of a thin-film Li2Mn4O9 electrode Title Interfacial studies of a thin-film Li2Mn4O9 electrode Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 1999 Authors Kostecki, Robert, Fanping Kong, Yoshiaki Matsuo, and Frank R. McLarnon Journal Electrochimica Acta Volume 45 Pagination 225-233 Keywords interfacial films, manganese oxide electrode Abstract A thin-film spinel Li2Mn4O9 electrode was prepared by spin coating onto a Pt substrate. Spectroscopic ellipsometry, X-ray diffraction and current-sensing atomic force microscopy (CSAFM) were used to characterize interfacial processes and film formation at this electrode in the presence of 1.0 M LiPF6, EC:DMC (1:1 by volume) electrolyte. Prolonged exposure of the film to the electrolyte at ambient temperature resulted in spontaneous decomposition of the spinel to λ-MnO2 without disruption of the original structure. The surface of the resulting λ-MnO2 film exhibited no significant change in morphology, however a thin passive electrode surface layer was detected by the CSAFM probe. This electrode surface layer exhibited insulating properties and most likely contained Li2O, a by-product of Li2Mn4O9 decomposition.

324

Composition dependence of average and local structure of xLi(Li1/3Mn2/3)O2(1?x)Li(Mn1/3Ni1/3Co1/3)O2 active cathode material for Li ion batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study focused on the composition dependence of the crystal structure and cathode performance of xLi(Li1/3Mn2/3)O2(1?x)Li(Mn1/3Ni1/3Co1/3)O2 (0?x?1) prepared by co-precipitation. From charge-discharge tests, it was found that there was large differences in the battery performance between the composition of x=0.2 and x?0.3. For the samples, the average crystal structures were determined by the Rietveld refinement of neutron diffraction patterns. The results indicated that for x=0.2, Li existed at both 2b and 4g sites, whereas for x?0.3, Li was localized at 2b sites and Mn occupied the 4g sites. In order to examine the local crystal structure, pair distribution function (PDF) and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) analyses were carried out. From the PDF analysis, a significant difference was seen in the short-range peaks associated with the transition metal layer for x=0.2, 0.4 and 0.6. The EXAFS results indicated a large difference in the local structure around Mn for x=0.2 and x?0.3. This is thought to be due to ordering of LiMn6 and LiMn5Ni, which is likely to affect cathode performance.

Yasushi Idemoto; Masahiro Inoue; Naoto Kitamura

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Structural Complexity of Layered-spinel Composite Electrodes for Li-ion Batteries  

SciTech Connect

The complexity of layered-spinel yLi{sub 2}MnO{sub 3} {center_dot} (1-y)Li{sub 1+x}Mn{sub 2-x}O{sub 4} (Li:Mn = 1.2:1; 0 = x = 0.33; y = 0.45) composites synthesized at different temperatures has been investigated by a combination of x-ray diffraction (XRD), x-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). While the layered component does not change substantially between samples, an evolution of the spinel component from a high to a low lithium excess phase has been traced with temperature by comparing with data for pure Li{sub 1+x}Mn{sub 2-x}O{sub 4}. The changes that occur to the structure of the spinel component and to the average oxidation state of the manganese ions within the composite structure as lithium is electrochemically removed in a battery have been monitored using these techniques, in some cases in situ. Our 6Li NMR results constitute the first direct observation of lithium removal from Li{sub 2}MnO{sub 3} and the formation of LiMnO{sub 2} upon lithium reinsertion.

Cabana, J.; Yang, X.; Johnson, C.S., Chung, K.-Y.; Yoon, W.-S.; Kang, S.-H.; Thackeray, M.M., Grey, C.P.

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Diluted ferromagnetic semiconductor Li(Zn,Mn)P with decoupled charge and spin doping  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report the discovery of a diluted magnetic semiconductor, Li(Zn,Mn)P, in which charge and spin are introduced independently via lithium off-stoichiometry and the isovalent substitution of Mn2+ for Zn2+, respectively. Isostructural to (Ga,Mn)As, Li(Zn,Mn)P was found to be a p-type ferromagnetic semiconductor with excess lithium providing charge doping. First-principles calculations indicate that excess Li is favored to partially occupy the Zn site, leading to hole doping. Ferromagnetism with Curie temperature up to 34 K is achieved while the system still shows semiconducting transport behavior.

Z. Deng; K. Zhao; B. Gu; W. Han; J. L. Zhu; X. C. Wang; X. Li; Q. Q. Liu; R. C. Yu; T. Goko; B. Frandsen; L. Liu; Jinsong Zhang; Yayu Wang; F. L. Ning; S. Maekawa; Y. J. Uemura; C. Q. Jin

2013-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

327

Positive correlation between Li and Mg isotope ratios in the river waters of the Mackenzie Basin challenges the interpretation of apparent isotopic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

geochemistry magnesium Mg isotopes lithium Li isotopes chemical weathering a b s t r a c t During chemical expressed as d26 Mg) show in excess of one per mil variability. Part of this variability is attributed covariation between lithium (7 Li/6 Li, expressed as d7 Li) and Mg isotope ratios in the river waters

Paytan, Adina

328

Improved Electrode Materials in Lithium-Ion (Li-ion) Batteries: Innovation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Improved Electrode Materials in Lithium-Ion (Li-ion) Batteries: Innovation Improved Electrode Materials in Lithium-Ion (Li-ion) Batteries: Innovation and Optimization Speaker(s): Jordi Cabana-Jimenez Date: January 14, 2008 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Venkat Srinivasan The advent of Li-ion batteries has played a central role in the impressive development of portable digital and wireless technology. Such success has triggered further efforts to utilize them as key components in other applications with an even larger impact on society, which include electric vehicles and energy backup for renewable energy sources. However, several challenges need to be met before these expectations can be realized, as Li-ion batteries currently do not meet the power and energy density requirements of these devices. New and better materials for the electrodes

329

LiDAR At Twenty-Nine Palms Area (Page, Et Al., 2010) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Twenty-Nine Palms Area (Page, Et Al., 2010) Twenty-Nine Palms Area (Page, Et Al., 2010) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: LiDAR At Twenty-Nine Palms Geothermal Area (Page, Et Al., 2010) Exploration Activity Details Location Twenty-Nine Palms Geothermal Area Exploration Technique LiDAR Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Primary LiDAR application to this project was Airborne Laser Swath Mapping (ALSM). This particular application was used to gather data over a specific land area then used to create a Digital Elevation Model (DEM) with a resolution of approximately 1m in the horizontal direction and 10cm in the vertical direction. The LiDAR data gathered for MCAGCC was analyzed in conjunction with other data, such as aerial photography and field

330

Significant Cost Improvement of Li-Ion Cells Through Non-NMP...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 DOE Merit Review ES133: Significant Cost Improvement of Li-ion Cells Through Non-NMP Electrode Coating, Direct Separator Coating, and Fast Formation Technologies PI: YK Son...

331

Algorithms and Software Tools for Extracting Coastal Morphological Information from Airborne LiDAR Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

coastal forms and processes. This research aims at developing algorithms for automatically extracting coastal morphological information from LiDAR data. The primary methods developed by this research include automated algorithms for beach profile feature...

Gao, Yige

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

332

Plasma spectroscopy of H, Li, and Na in plumes resulting from laser-induced droplet explosion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The plasma emission resulting from laser-induced breakdown of large transparent H2O droplets (with and without NaCl or LiCl) has been spectrally and spatially resolved along...

Eickmans, Johannes H; Hsieh, Wen-Feng; Chang, Richard K

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Develop high energy high power Li-ion battery cathode materials : a first principles computational study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

surface phase structural change, the materials thereforerelated phase/structural change nears the material surface.material voltage and change of lattice parameters versus Li concentration. In manganese spinel, phase

Xu, Bo; Xu, Bo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Energy transfer in clustered sites of Er3+ ions in LiNbO3 crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigated energy-transfer processes associated with clustered sites of Er3+ ions in LiNbO3 crystals leading to upconverted blue-green fluorescence and...

Ju, Jung Jin; Lee, Myung-Hyun; Cha, Myoungsik; Seo, Hyo Jin

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Second-Use Li-Ion Batteries to Aid Automotive and Utility Industries (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Repurposing Li-ion batteries at the end of useful life in electric drive vehicles could eliminate owners' disposal concerns and offer low-cost energy storage for certain applications.

Not Available

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Electrochemical properties of Li ion polymer battery with gel polymer electrolyte based on polyurethane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Gel polymer electrolyte (GPE) was prepared using polyurethane acrylate as polymer host and its performance was evaluated. LiCoO2/GPE/graphite cells were prepared and their electrochemical performance as a functio...

H-S. Kim; G-Y. Choi; S-I. Moon; S-P. Kim

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

A prospect for LiBH4 as on-board hydrogen storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In contrast to the traditional metal hydrides, in which hydrogen storage involves the reversible hydrogen entering/exiting of the host hydride lattice, LiBH4 releases hydrogen via decomposition that produces segr...

Ivan Saldan

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Co-synthesis of LiFePO4 and Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as low as 0.1% have been reported for nanotubes in epoxy. 8of LiFePO 4 and carbon nanotubes potentially bypassesthat multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs, Figure 1) and

Wilcox, James; Doeff, Marca M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Nanosheet-structured LiV3O8 with high capacity and excellent...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Highly stable LiV3O8 with a nanosheet-structure was successfully prepared using polyethylene glycol (PEG) polymer in the precursor solution as the structure modifying agent,...

340

Solving Regular Tree Grammar Based Constraints Yanhong A. Liu Ning Li Scott D. Stoller  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solving Regular Tree Grammar Based Constraints Yanhong A. Liu Ning Li Scott D. Stoller July 2000 and is then simpli ed according to a set of simpli cation rules to produce the solution. Usually, the constraints

Stoller, Scott

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li liberia ha" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Observations of the Li, Be, and B isotopes and Constraints on Cosmic-ray Propagation  

SciTech Connect

The abundance of Li, Be, and B isotopes in galactic cosmic rays (GCR) between E=50-200 MeV/nucleon has been observed by the Cosmic Ray Isotope Spectrometer (CRIS) on NASA's ACE mission since 1997 with high statistical accuracy. Precise observations of Li, Be, B can be used to constrain GCR propagation models. We find that a diffusive reacceleration model with parameters that best match CRIS results (e.g. B/C, Li/C, etc) are also consistent with other GCR observations. A {approx}15-20% overproduction of Li and Be in the model predictions is attributed to uncertainties in the production cross-section data. The latter becomes a significant limitation to the study of rare GCR species that are generated predominantly via spallation.

de Nolfo, Georgia A.; Moskalenko, I.V.; Binns, W.R.; Christian, E.R.; Cummings, A.C.; Davis, A.J.; George, J.S.; Hink, P.L.; Israel, M.H.; Leske, R.A.; Lijowski, M.; Mewaldt, R.A.; Stone, E.C.; Strong, A.W.; von Rosenvinge, T.T.; Wiedenbeck, M.E.; Yanasak, N.E.; /NASA, Goddard /Stanford U., HEPL /Washington U., St. Louis /NASA, Headquarters/Caltech, SRL /Aerospace Corp. /Garching, Max Planck Inst., MPE /Caltech, JPL; ,

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

342

Controlling the Decomposition Pathway of LiBH4 via Confinement in Highly Ordered Nanoporous Carbon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The wetting and decomposition behavior of LiBH4 has been investigated in the presence of highly ordered nanoporous hard carbon (NPC) with hexagonally packed 2 nm diameter columnar pores. Calorimetry, X-ray diffraction, and IR spectroscopy measurements ...

Xiangfeng Liu; David Peaslee; C. Z. Jost; E. H. Majzoub

2010-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

343

Study on LiCl waste salt treatment process by layer melt crystallization  

SciTech Connect

Layer melt crystallization operated in a static mode has been applied to separate Group I and II chlorides from surrogate LiCl waste salt. The effects of operating conditions such as crystal growing rate(or flux) and initial impurity concentration on separation (or concentration) of cesium, strontium and barium involved in a LiCl melts were analyzed. In a layer crystallization process, separation was impaired by occlusion of impurities and by residual melt adhering to LiCl crystal after at the end of the process. The crystal growth rate strongly affects the crystal structure, therefore the separation efficiency, while the effect of the initial Cs and Sr concentration in LiCl molten salt was nearly negligible. (authors)

Cho, Yung-Zun; Lee, Tae-Kyo; Choi, Jung-Hoon; Eun, Hee-Chul; Park, Hwan-Seo; Kim, In-Tae; Park, Geun-Il [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, 1045 Daedeok-daero, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, 305-353 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Thermodynamic modelling of a double-effect LiBr-H2O absorption refrigeration cycle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The goal of this paper is to estimate the conductance of components required to achieve the approach temperatures, and gain insights into a double-effect absorption chiller using LiBr-H2O solution as the working ...

A. Iranmanesh; M. A. Mehrabian

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Widely-tunable femtosecond operation of Cr:LiSAF lasers using broadband saturable bragg reflectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a low-cost diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF laser, mode-locked using a broadband saturable Bragg reflector. The laser produces continuously tunable sub-200-fs pulses from 800 nm to 905 nm.

Demirbas, Umit

346

Observations on microstructure and crystal structure of sintered lithium metatitanate with excess Li  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Crystal grain growth and crystallization of lithium metatitanate with excess Li (Li2+xTiO3+y), which is expected as an advanced ceramic breeder for a future DEMO fusion reactor, were studied in this paper. By the observation of sintered pellets using scanning electron microscope, it was shown that the Li2.1TiO3+y specimens, which have small grains (12?m) and narrow size distribution, can be obtained by sintering in the temperature range from 1000 to 1100C. The observation also showed the rapid grain growth in the Li2.1TiO3 specimens sintered above 1150C. The changes in the crystal structure and the phase transformation with the increase of sintering temperature were also investigated by means of powder X-ray diffraction. Finally, the relationship between the grain growth and the phase state at high temperature was discussed.

Keisuke Mukai; Kazuya Sasaki; Takayuki Terai; Akihiro Suzuki; Tsuyoshi Hoshino

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Novel synthesis and characterisation of Li-N-(H)-based materials for energy storage and conversion.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This work was motivated by the extensive research on Li-N-(H)-based materials, which have attracted increasing interest for potential applications in hydrogen storage and lithium-ion batteries (more)

Tapia Ruiz, Nuria

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Enhancing electrochemical performance of LiFePO4 by in situ reducing flexible graphene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Well-dispersed graphene materials reduced by Ac under hydrothermal condition...4 battery materials, which was synthesized at surface of graphene sheets. The as-prepared LiFePO4/graphene composites were characteri...

Lianhong Zhang; Hongyu Liang

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Graphene supported Li2SnO3 as anode material for lithium-ion batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The graphene supported Li2SnO3 composites were prepared via a deoxidation technique. The structure, morphology and electrochemical properties of the composites were detected by means of XRD, SEM, TEM, Raman, TGA ...

Yang Zhao; Ying Huang; Qiufen Wang; XiaoYa Wang; Meng Zong

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

LiDAR At Dixie Valley Geothermal Area (Helton, Et Al., 2011)...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fallon Geothermal Exploration Project. Notes High resolution LiDAR and 1:12000 scale low-sun-angle aerial photography was used in southern Dixie Valley to help better characterize...

351

GBL-based electrolyte for Li-ion battery: thermal and electrochemical performance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermal stability, flammability, and electrochemical performances of...4] have been examined in comparison with contemporary (EC/EMC, 1:3vol.%, 1M LiPF6...) electrolyte by DSC, accelerating rate calorimetry (AR...

Dmitry Belov; Deng-Tswen Shieh

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Significant Cost Improvement of Li-Ion Cells Through Non-NMP...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

P.I. Yongkyu Son Johnson Controls 2014 DOE Vehicle Technologies Program Review June 17, 2014 Project ID : ES133 Significant Cost Improvement of Li-ion Cells Through Non-NMP...

353

Develop high energy high power Li-ion battery cathode materials : a first principles computational study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

develop the high energy high power cathode materials for LIBNew Cathode Material for Batteries of High- Energy Density.High Energy High Power Li-ion Battery Cathode Materials A

Xu, Bo; Xu, Bo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Transmission electron microscopy studies of GaN/gamma-LiAlO 2 heterostructures.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Die vorliegende Arbeit beschaeftigt sich mit dem strukturellen Aufbau von (1-100) M-plane GaN, das mit plasmaunterstuetzter Molekularstrahlepitaxie auf gamma-LiAlO2(100) Substraten gewachsen wurde. Die heteroepitaktische Ausrichtung (more)

Liu, Tian-Yu

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

High Energy Density Li-ion Cells for EVs Based on Novel, High...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Storage Systems Vehicle Technologies Annual Merit Review 6182014 1 High Energy Density Li-ion Cells for EV's Based on Novel, High Voltage Cathode Material Systems Keith D. Kepler...

356

Chronopotentiometry of Sm(II) and Pm(III) in molten LiCl-KCl eutectic.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Samarium (III) and promethium (III) were studied by chronopotentiometry in a molten LiCl-KC1 eutectic. Tungsten electrodes were used to avoid alloying effects encountered with platinum (more)

Nixon, Richard Allen

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

New Improved Equations For Na-K, Na-Li And Sio2 Geothermometers By Outlier  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Improved Equations For Na-K, Na-Li And Sio2 Geothermometers By Outlier Improved Equations For Na-K, Na-Li And Sio2 Geothermometers By Outlier Detection And Rejection Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: New Improved Equations For Na-K, Na-Li And Sio2 Geothermometers By Outlier Detection And Rejection Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: We present new improved equations for three still widely used Na/K, Na/Li and SiO2 geothermometers (obtained by statistical treatment of the data and application of outlier detection and rejection as well as theory of error propagation) and compare them with those by Fournier and others. New equations are also developed for estimating errors associated with the use of these new geothermometric equations and comparing them with the performance of the original equations. The errors in the use of the new

358

Proceedings of the AD HOC Workshop on Ceramics for Li/FeS{sub 2} batteries  

SciTech Connect

Representatives from industry, the U.S. Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC), DOE, national laboratories, and other govt agencies met to develop recommendations and actions for accelerating the development of ceramic components critical to the successful introduction of the Li/FeS{sub 2} bipolar battery for electric vehicles. Most of the workshop is devoted to electrode materials, bipolar designs, separators, and bipolar plates. The bulk of this document is viewographs and is divided into: ceramics, USABC overview, SAFT`s Li/FeS{sub 2} USABC program, bipolar Li/FeS{sub 2} component development, design requirements for bipolar plates, separator design requirements, compatibility of ceramic insulators with lithium, characterization of MgO for use in separators, resistivity measurements of separators, sintered AlN separators for LiMS batteries, etc.

Not Available

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

359

How smooth is a devil's staircase? F.M. Dekking & Wenxia Li y  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

How smooth is a devil's staircase? F.M. Dekking #3; & Wenxia Li y Abstract Let the Cantor set C. Consider the distribution function which is often referred to as the Devil's staircase (for a = 1 3 ): F (x

Li, Wenxia

360

Electrochemical evaluation of LiCoO2 synthesized by decomposition and intercalation of hydroxides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in commercial lithi- um-ion battery manufacturing [4±6]. Synthesis of LiCoO2 is typically carried out by a solid-state March 1998; accepted in revised form 19 May 1998 LiCoO2 has been synthesized by a solid-state synthesis the electrochemical perfor- mance. In a previous paper [13], we reported a new solid- state reaction method that can

Sadoway, Donald Robert

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li liberia ha" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Electrochemical Performance of LiMnPO4 Synthesized with Off-Stoichiometry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of LiMPO4 compounds is of interest as cathode ma- terials for rechargeable lithium batteries. LiFePO4 has been in- tensely studied and several techniques such as carbon coating, coat- ing with a metallic2PO4 using heat-treatments at 350°C for 10 h and at 700°C for 10 h under Ar or air atmosphere

Ceder, Gerbrand

362

Thermal Stability and Phase Transformation of Electrochemically Charged/Discharged LiMnPO4 Cathode for Li-Ion Battery  

SciTech Connect

Electrochemically active LiMnPO4 nanoplate at lithiated/delithiated state were subjected to thermal stability and phase transformation evaluate for safety as a cathode material for Li-ion battery. The phase transformation and oxygen evolution temperature on the delithiated MnPO4 were characterized using in-situ hot-stage X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), thermogravimetric - differential scanning calorimetry - mass spectroscopy (TGA-DSC-MS), transmission electron microscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) - energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDAX).

Choi, Daiwon; Xiao, Jie; Choi, Young Joon; Hardy, John S.; Vijayakumar, M.; Bhuvaneswari, M. S.; Liu, Jun; Xu, Wu; Wang, Wei; Yang, Zhenguo; Graff, Gordon L.; Zhang, Jiguang

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

The Puzzling Li-rich Red Giant Associated with NGC 6819  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Li-rich red giant star (2M19411367+4003382) recently discovered in the direction of NGC 6819 belongs to the rare subset of Li-rich stars that have not yet evolved to the luminosity bump, an evolutionary stage where models predict Li can be replenished. The currently favored model to explain Li enhancement in first-ascent red giants like 2M19411367+4003382 requires deep mixing into the stellar interior. Testing this model requires a measurement of 12C/13C, which is possible to obtain from APOGEE spectra. However, the Li-rich star also has abnormal asteroseismic properties that call into question its membership in the cluster, even though its radial velocity and location on color-magnitude diagrams are consistent with membership. To address these puzzles, we have measured a wide array of abundances in the Li-rich star and three comparison stars using spectra taken as part of the APOGEE survey to determine the degree of stellar mixing, address the question of membership, and measure the surface gravity. We con...

Carlberg, Joleen K; Cunha, Katia; Majewski, Steven R; Meszaros, Szabolcs; Shetrone, Matthew; Prieto, Carlos Allende; Bizyaev, Dmitry; Stassun, Keivan G; Fleming, Scott W; Zasowski, Gail; Hearty, Fred; Nidever, David L; Schneider, Donald P; Holtzman, Jon A; Frinchaboy, Peter M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Optimization of LiFePO4 Nanoparticle Suspensions with Polyethyleneimine for Aqueous Processing  

SciTech Connect

Addition of dispersants to aqueous based lithium-ion battery electrode formulations containing LiFePO{sub 4} is critical to obtaining a stable suspension. The resulting colloidal suspensions enable dramatically improved coating deposition when processing electrodes. This research examines the colloidal chemistry modifications based on polyethyleneimine (PEI) addition and dispersion characterization required to produce high quality electrode formulations and coatings for LiFePO{sub 4} active cathode material. The isoelectric point, a key parameter in characterizing colloidal dispersion stability, of LiFePO{sub 4} and super P C45 were determined to be pH = 4.3 and 3.4, respectively. PEI, a cationic surfactant, was found to be an effective dispersant. It is demonstrated that 1.0 wt % and 0.5 wt % PEI were required to stabilize the LiFePO{sub 4} and super P C45 suspension, respectively. LiFePO{sub 4} cathode suspensions with 1.5 wt % PEI demonstrated the best dispersibility of all components, as evidenced by viscosity and agglomerate size of the suspensions and elemental distribution within dry cathodes. The addition of PEI significantly improved the LiFePO{sub 4} performance.

Li, Jianlin [ORNL; Armstrong, Beth L [ORNL; Kiggans, Jim [ORNL; Daniel, Claus [ORNL; Wood III, David L [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Disproportionation in Li-O{sub 2} Batteries Based on a Large Surface Area Carbon Cathode  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we report on a kinetics study of the discharge process and its relationship to the charge overpotential in a Li-O{sub 2} cell for large surface area cathode material. The kinetics study reveals evidence for a first-order disproportionation reaction during discharge from an oxygen-rich Li{sub 2}O{sub 2} component with superoxide-like character to a Li{sub 2}O{sub 2} component. The oxygen-rich superoxide-like component has a much smaller potential during charge (3.2-3.5 V) than the Li{sub 2}O{sub 2} component (similar to 4.2 V). The formation of the superoxide-like component is likely due to the porosity of the activated carbon used in the Li-O{sub 2} cell cathode that provides a good environment for growth during discharge. The discharge product containing these two components is characterized by toroids, which are assemblies of nanoparticles. The morphologic growth and decomposition process of the toroids during the reversible discharge/charge process was observed by scanning electron microscopy and is consistent with the presence of the two components in the discharge product. The results of this study provide new insight into how growth conditions control the nature of discharge product, which can be used to achieve improved performance in Li-O{sub 2} cell.

Zhai, D.; Wang, H.-H.; Yang, J.; Lau, K. C.; Li, K.; Curtiss, L. A.; Amine, K. (Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division) [Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division

2013-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

366

Anisotropic phonon-dislocation scattering in deformed LiF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

By direct imaging of ballistic phonons having equivalent temperatures near 4 K in LiF, we have found that a subset of fast-transverse phonons can propagate without scattering even in heavily deformed samples. The highly anisotropic phonon-scattering cross section is consistent with the concept of fluttering dislocations. The magnitude of the scattering cross section has been obtained for the first time. For small plastic deformation the measured cross section agrees with that calculated theoretically using a measured dislocation density. However, at large deformation the calculated cross section is too small, supporting the speculation that a larger density of dislocation dipoles may provide the dominant scattering. Also consistent with the concept of fluttering dislocations, ? irradiation reduces the phonon scattering created by deformation, presumably by pinning of the dislocations. It is demonstrated that the method of phonon imaging used here provides details of phonon scattering processes which are not available from conventional thermal-transport measurements, especially when the scattering is anisotropic.

G. A. Northrop; E. J. Cotts; A. C. Anderson; J. P. Wolfe

1983-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

367

Theory of Dielectric Constants of LiF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The static and high-frequency dielectric constants and the effective charge of LiF are calculated on the basis of a simplified model in which the polarizability of the positive ion is neglected and that of the negative ion is attributed entirely to perturbations in the outermost subshell (2p) of electrons. The present calculation differs from the variational treatment of Yamashita mainly in the inclusion of perturbed wave functions differs from the variational treatment of Yamashita mainly in the inclusion of perturbed wave functions for the 2p electrons which are orthogonal to the core-electron wave functions. Also, different methods are employed in evaluating portions of the energy of the crystal in a field and in deducing the effective charge ratio e*e from the calculated energy. It is found that the use of trial wave functions which preserve the orthogonality within individual ions is of prime importance, and leads to results in generally better agreement with observation than the previously used nonorthogonal functions.

Edwin R. Levin and Elmer L. Offenbacher

1960-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Lithium transition metal fluorophosphates (Li{sub 2}CoPO{sub 4}F and Li{sub 2}NiPO{sub 4}F) as cathode materials for lithium ion battery from atomistic simulation  

SciTech Connect

Lithium transition metal fluorophosphates (Li{sub 2}MPO{sub 4}F, M: Co and Ni) have been investigated from atomistic simulation. In order to predict the characteristics of these materials as cathode materials for lithium ion batteries, structural property, defect chemistry, and Li{sup +} ion transportation property are characterized. The coreshell model with empirical force fields is employed to reproduce the unit-cell parameters of crystal structure, which are in good agreement with the experimental data. In addition, the formation energies of intrinsic defects (Frenkel and antisite) are determined by energetics calculation. From migration energy calculations, it is found that these flurophosphates have a 3D Li{sup +} ion diffusion network forecasting good Li{sup +} ion conducting performances. Accordingly, we expect that this study provides an atomic scale insight as cathode materials for lithium ion batteries. - Graphical abstract: Lithium transition metal fluorophosphates (Li{sub 2}CoPO{sub 4}F and Li{sub 2}NiPO{sub 4}F). Display Omitted - Highlights: Lithium transition metal fluorophosphates (Li{sub 2}MPO{sub 4}F, M: Co and Ni) are investigated from classical atomistic simulation. The unit-cell parameters from experimental studies are reproduced by the coreshell model. Li{sup +} ion conducting Li{sub 2}MPO{sub 4}F has a 3D Li{sup +} ion diffusion network. It is predicted that Li/Co or Li/Ni antisite defects are well-formed at a substantial concentration level.

Lee, Sanghun, E-mail: sh0129.lee@samsung.com; Park, Sung Soo, E-mail: sung.s.park@samsung.com

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

369

Thermal and electrochemical characterization of MCMB/LiNi{sub 1/3}Co{sub l/3}Mn{sub l/3}O{sub 2} using LiBoB as an electrolyte additive.  

SciTech Connect

The gas generation associated with the use of the lithium bis(oxalate)borate--(LiBoB) based electrolyte at the elevated temperature were detected in the pouch cell (MCMB/LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 with 10% excess Li), which might prevent the LiBoB usage as a salt. However, the cell capacity retention was improved significantly, from 87 to 96% at elevated temperature, when using LiBoB as an electrolyte additive. The capacity fade during cycling is discussed using dQ/dE, area specific impedance, and frequency response analysis results. Most of the capacity loss in the cell is associated with the rise in the cell impedance. Moreover, results from the differential scanning calorimetry indicate that the thermal stability of the negative electrode with the solid electrolyte interface (SEI) formed by the reduction of the LiBoB additive was greatly improved compared with that obtained from the reduction of LiPF6-based electrolyte without additive. In this case, the onset temperature of the breakdown of the LiBoB-based SEI is 150 C which is higher than that of the conventional electrolyte without additive. Furthermore, the total heat generated between 60 and 170 C is reduced from 213 to 70 J g{sup -1} when using LiBoB as electrolyte additive compared to the one without additive. In addition, the thermal stability of the charged LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 with 10% excess Li was not affected when using LiBoB as an electrolyte additive.

Lu, W.; Chen, Z.; Joachin, H.; Prakash, J.; Liu, J.; Amine, K.; Chemical Engineering; Illinois Inst. of Tech.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Resumen. La fosa de Cariaco, ubicada al sur del Caribe en el margen continental de Venezuela, ha sido el foco de muchos estudios de relevancia global sobre la qumica de las aguas marinas y la  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Resumen. La fosa de Cariaco, ubicada al sur del Caribe en el margen continental de Venezuela, ha ("2004"), 161-162: 215-234 #12;216 Características de la fosa de Cariaco, Venezuela Cariaco basin on the continental margin of Venezuela, has been the focus of many marine chemistry and paleoclimatology studies

Meyers, Steven D.

371

Li{sub 4}FeH{sub 6}: Iron-containing complex hydride with high gravimetric hydrogen density  

SciTech Connect

Li{sub 4}FeH{sub 6}, which has the highest gravimetric hydrogen density of iron-containing complex hydrides reported so far, is synthesized by hydrogenation of a powder mixture of iron and LiH above 6.1 GPa at 900?C. In situ synchrotron radiation X-ray diffraction measurements reveal that while kinetics require high temperature and thus high pressure for the synthesis, Li{sub 4}FeH{sub 6} is expected to be thermodynamically stable slightly below room temperature at ambient pressure; further synthetic studies to suppress the kinetic effects may enable us to synthesize Li{sub 4}FeH{sub 6} at moderate pressures. Li{sub 4}FeH{sub 6} can be recovered at ambient conditions where Li{sub 4}FeH{sub 6} is metastable.

Saitoh, Hiroyuki, E-mail: cyto@spring8.or.jp [Quantum Beam Science Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Takagi, Shigeyuki; Matsuo, Motoaki; Aoki, Katsutoshi [Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Iijima, Yuki [WPI-Advanced Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Endo, Naruki [Renewable Energy Research Center, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Fukushima 963-0215 (Japan); Orimo, Shin-ichi [Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); WPI-Advanced Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan)

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Air stable Al2O3-coated Li2NiO2 cathode additive as a surplus current consumer in a Li-ion cell  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cathode additive is prepared by coating with Al iso-propoxide on Li2NiO2, obtained from firing exothermic reaction with an electrolyte during the overcharging process, which may result in a short-circuiting of the cell.5­9 A combination of the temperature increase and the internal short circuit of the cell

Cho, Jaephil

373

TiO2 nanoparticles for Li-ion battery anodes: Mitigation of growth and irreversible capacity using LiOH and NaOH  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

TiO2 anatase and rutile nanoparticles with various sizes and morphologies have been synthesized by very facile and scalable methods. A post-treatment including addition of LiOH or NaOH to the particles followed by heating at 180C in air or autoclave ...

Martin Sndergaard; Yanbin Shen; Aref Mamakhel; Mario Marinaro; Margret Wohlfahrt-Mehrens; Karen Wonsyld; Sren Dahl; Bo B. Iversen

2014-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

374

NMR evidence of LiF coating rather than fluorine substitution in Li(Ni{sub 0.425}Mn{sub 0.425}Co{sub 0.15})O{sub 2}  

SciTech Connect

A series of 'Li{sub 1+z/2}(Ni{sub 0.425}Mn{sub 0.425}Co{sub 0.15}){sub 1-z/2}O{sub 2-z}F{sub z}' materials was prepared by a coprecipitation route and their structure was characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), as well as {sup 7}Li and {sup 19}F Magic Angle Spinning (MAS) NMR spectroscopy. Two hypotheses were considered: (i) formation of layered oxyfluoride materials and (ii) formation of a mixture between the layered material and LiF. Structural parameters were refined by the Rietveld method, using XRD diffraction data. The refinement results did not allow us to choose between these two hypotheses: no significant change in crystallinity and structural parameters was observed irrespective of the fluorine ratio. {sup 7}Li and {sup 19}F MAS NMR analyses showed signals with isotropic positions characteristic of LiF, but envelopes characteristic of very strong dipolar interactions with the electron spins of the material, demonstrating that LiF was not incorporated into the layered oxide structure but was instead present as a coating. - Graphical abstract: {sup 7}Li and {sup 19}F MAS NMR show signals with isotropic positions characteristic of LiF, but with spinning sidebands envelopes characteristic of very strong dipolar interactions with the electron spins of the layered oxide, demonstrating that F is not a part of the material but is present as an LiF coating.

Menetrier, M.; Bains, J. [ICMCB, CNRS, Universite Bordeaux 1, Site ENSCPB, 87 avenue Schweitzer, 33608 PESSAC cedex (France); Croguennec, L. [ICMCB, CNRS, Universite Bordeaux 1, Site ENSCPB, 87 avenue Schweitzer, 33608 PESSAC cedex (France)], E-mail: laurence.croguennec@icmcb-bordeaux.cnrs.fr; Flambard, A.; Bekaert, E. [ICMCB, CNRS, Universite Bordeaux 1, Site ENSCPB, 87 avenue Schweitzer, 33608 PESSAC cedex (France); Jordy, C.; Biensan, Ph. [SAFT, Direction de la Recherche, 111-113 Bld Alfred Daney, 33074 Bordeaux (France); Delmas, C. [ICMCB, CNRS, Universite Bordeaux 1, Site ENSCPB, 87 avenue Schweitzer, 33608 PESSAC cedex (France)

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

375

A candidate Li B H 4 for hydrogen storage: Crystal structures and reaction mechanisms of intermediate phases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

First-principles calculation and x-ray diffraction simulation methods have been used to explore crystal structures and reaction mechanisms of the intermediate phases involved in dehydriding of Li B H 4 . Li B H 4 was found to dehydride via two sequential steps: first dehydriding through LiBH followed by the dehydriding of LiBH through LiB. The first step which releases 13.1 wt. % hydrogen was calculated to have an activation barrier of 2.33 eV per formula unit and was endothermic by 1.28 eV per formula unit while the second step was endothermic by 0.23 eV per formula unit. On the other hand if Li B H 4 and LiBH each donated one electron possibly to the catalyst doped on their surfaces it was found that the barrier for the first step was reduced to 1.50 eV . This implies that the development of the catalyst to induce charge migration from the bulk to the surface is essential to make Li B H 4 usable as a hydrogen storagematerial in a moderate temperature range which is also important to stabilize the low-temperature structure of P n m a (no. 62) LiBH on dehydrogenation. Consequently the high 13.1 wt. % hydrogen available from the dehydriding of Li B H 4 and LiBH and their phase stability on P n m a when specific catalysts were used suggest that Li B H 4 has good potential to be developed as the hydrogen storage medium capable of releasing the Department of Energy target of 6.5 wt. % for a hydrogen fuel cell car in a moderate temperature range.

Jeung Ku Kang; Se Yun Kim; Young Soo Han; Richard P. Muller; William A. Goddard III

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

A techno-economic analysis and optimization of Li-ion batteries for light-duty passenger vehicle electrification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A techno-economic analysis and optimization of Li-ion batteries for light-duty passenger vehicle 15213, USA h i g h l i g h t s We analyze EV Li-ion NMC-G battery & pack designs and optimize thickness a b s t r a c t We conduct a techno-economic analysis of Li-ion NMC-G prismatic pouch battery

McGaughey, Alan

377

Neutron detection properties of Li6Y(BO3)3:Ce crystal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Li6Y(BO3)3:Ce crystal is a promising type of scintillator for neutron detection. In this study, the properties of Li6Y(BO3)3:3at%Ce are studied, including its ? sensitivity, neutron efficiency, ?/? ratio, relative light yield, neutron pulse-height spectrum and decay time. Geant4 simulations indicate that its capture efficiency for thermal neutrons is as high as 78% for the natural abundances of the boron and lithium elements. The ?/? ratio of Li6Y(BO3)3:Ce is measured to be 0.03, which is 10 times lower than that of lithium glass. If the per-MeV light yield of lithium glass is defined to be 100, then the light yields generated by Li6Y(BO3)3:Ce for ? rays and ? particles are 253.3 and 24.8, respectively. Under ?-ray irradiation, the light yield of Li6Y(BO3)3:Ce is approximately 6 times lower than that of NaI:Tl. In neutron detection, the neutron signal can be clearly distinguished from the backgrounds caused by the 252Cf source itself. Li6Y(BO3)3:Ce is also a fast scintillator, with decay times of 48.614.4ns, 24.613.3ns and 37.817.8ns under irradiation with ? rays, ? particles and thermal neutrons, respectively. This study offers a systematic study of useful parameters of Li6Y(BO3)3:3at%Ce crystal for application in and the improvement of neutron detection.

Zaiwei Fu; Shangke Pan; Fan Yang; Shenjie Gu; Xiangcui Lei; Yuekun Heng; Guohao Ren; Ming Qi

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Semiconducting p-type MgNiO:Li epitaxial films fabricated by cosputtering method  

SciTech Connect

Li-doped ternary Mg{sub x}Ni{sub 1-x}O thin films were deposited on (0001) Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} substrates by a radio frequency (RF) magnetron cosputtering method with MgO and NiO:Li targets. The Mg mole fraction and Li content were relatively controlled by changing RF power for the MgO target over a range of 0-300 W, while the NiO:Li target was kept at 150 W. As a result, all films were epitaxially grown on (0001) Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} substrates with the relationship of [110]{sub NiO}||[1110]{sub Al2O3}, [112]{sub NiO}||[2110]{sub Al2O3} (in-plane), and [111]{sub NiO}||[0001]{sub Al2O3} (out-of-plane), and showed p-type semiconducting properties. Furthermore, from x-ray diffraction patterns, the authors found that MgO was effectively mixed with NiO:Li without structural deformation due to low lattice mismatch (0.8%) between NiO and MgO. However, the excess Li contents degraded the crystallinity of the MgNiO films. The band-gap of films was continuously shifted from 3.66 eV (339 nm) to 4.15 eV (299 nm) by the RF power of the MgO target. A visible transmittance of more than 80% was exhibited at RF powers higher than 200 W. Ultimately, the electrical resistivity of p-type MgNiO films was improved from 7.5 to 673.5 {Omega}cm, indicating that the Li-doped MgNiO films are good candidates for transparent p-type semiconductors.

Kwon, Yong Hun; Chun, Sung Hyun; Cho, Hyung Koun [School of Advanced Materials Science and Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, 300 Cheoncheon-dong, Jangan-gu, Suwon, Gyeonggi-do 440-746 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

379

Principal Investigator Department Title Thrust Area Dr. Gang Li Physics Current Sheet Structures in the Inner Heliosphere 1500  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Principal Investigator Department Title Thrust Area Dr. Gang Li Physics Current Sheet. Zuejing Xing Accounting/Finance Why are IPOs Underpriced? The Role of Institutional Ownership 3000 Dr

Alabama in Huntsville, University of

380

Guide to Developing Air-Cooled Lithium Bromide (LiBr) Absorption for CHP Applications, April 2005  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Development status of air-cooled lithium bromide (LiBr)-water absorption chillers for cooling, heating, and power (CHP) system applications in light-commercial buildings.

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381

Cluster-continuum quantum mechanical models to guide the choice of anions for Li{sup +}-conducting ionomers  

SciTech Connect

A quantum-mechanical investigation on Li poly(ethylene oxide)-based ionomers was performed in the cluster-continuum solvation model (CCM) that includes specific solvation in the first shell surrounding the cation, all surrounded by a polarizable continuum. A four-state model, including a free Li cation, Li{sup +}-anion pair, triple ion, and quadrupole was used to represent the states of Li{sup +} within the ionomer in the CCM. The relative energy of each state was calculated for Li{sup +} with various anions, with dimethyl ether representing the ether oxygen solvation. The population distribution of Li{sup +} ions among states was estimated by applying Boltzmann statistics to the CCM energies. Entropy difference estimates are needed for populations to better match the true ionomer system. The total entropy change is considered to consist of four contributions: translational, rotational, electrostatic, and solvent immobilization entropies. The population of ion states is reported as a function of Bjerrum length divided by ion-pair separation with/without entropy considered to investigate the transition between states. Predicted concentrations of Li{sup +}-conducting states (free Li{sup +} and positive triple ions) are compared among a series of anions to indicate favorable features for design of an optimal Li{sup +}-conducting ionomer; the perfluorotetraphenylborate anion maximizes the conducting positive triple ion population among the series of anions considered.

Shiau, Huai-Suen; Janik, Michael J. [Department of Chemical Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States)] [Department of Chemical Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States); Liu, Wenjuan; Colby, Ralph H. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States)] [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States)

2013-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

382

Microprobe study of the effect of Li intercalation on the structure of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Microprobe study of the effect of Li intercalation on the structure of Microprobe study of the effect of Li intercalation on the structure of graphite Title Microprobe study of the effect of Li intercalation on the structure of graphite Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2003 Authors Kostecki, Robert, and Frank R. McLarnon Journal Journal of Power Sources Volume 119-121 Pagination 550-554 Keywords carbon disordering, graphite anode, li intercalation, solid electrolyte interphase (sei) Abstract The structural stability of graphite electrodes in Li-ion cells, which were cycled at room temperature and 60 °C was investigated. We observed gradual structural degradation of the graphite, which was most pronounced on the electrode surface but also extended into the bulk of the electrode. Graphite particles close to the Cu current collector remained almost unchanged, whereas those close to the electrode/electrolyte interface suffered significant structural damage. Structural degradation of the graphite led to an increased anode surface reactivity vs. the electrolyte. A thick layer of inorganic products from side reactions was observed on the disordered carbon areas of the anode.

383

Sequential breakup cross section of /sup 6/Li by /sup 40/Ca  

SciTech Connect

The differential cross section for the excitation of the unbound 3/sup +/ (2.18 MeV) state in /sup 6/Li was measured by scattering a 227 MeV /sup 40/Ca beam from a /sup 6/Li target. Additionally, the cross section for the 3/sup -/ (3.74 MeV) state in /sup 40/Ca was measured at the same center-of-mass energy by scattering a 34 MeV /sup 6/Li beam from /sup 40/Ca. The cross section for excitation of the 3/sup +/, 2.18 MeV state in /sup 6/Li is 3--5 times larger than that of the /sup 40/Ca 3/sup -/ state. The present data and previously measured elastic scattering data have been analyzed in the framework of both distorted-wave Born approximation and coupled channels calculations, using double folded real potentials, to determine the influence of the inelastic states on the elastic scattering cross section. We find that the elastic scattering is very sensitive to coupled channels effects arising from the 3/sup +/ state in /sup 6/Li.

Van Verst, S.P.; Sanderson, D.P.; Kemper, K.W.; Shapira, D.; Varner, R.L.; Shivakumar, B.

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Universality of weakly bound dimers and Efimov trimers close to Li-Cs Feshbach resonances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the interspecies scattering properties of ultracold Li-Cs mixtures in their two energetically lowest spin channels in the magnetic field range between 800 G and 1000 G. Close to two broad Feshbach resonances we create weakly bound LiCs dimers by radio-frequency association and measure the dependence of the binding energy on the external magnetic field strength. Based on the binding energies and complementary atom loss spectroscopy of three other Li-Cs s-wave Feshbach resonances we construct precise molecular singlet and triplet electronic ground state potentials using a coupled-channels calculation. We extract the Li-Cs interspecies scattering length as a function of the external field and obtain almost a ten-fold improvement in the precision of the values for the pole positions and widths of the s-wave Li-Cs Feshbach resonances as compared to our previous work [Pires \\textit{et al.}, Phys. Rev. Lett. \\textbf{112}, 250404 (2014)]. We discuss implications on the Efimov scenario and the universal geome...

Ulmanis, J; Pires, R; Kuhnle, E D; Weidemller, M; Tiemann, E

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Pushing the Theoretical Limit of Li-CFx Batteries: A Tale of Bi-functional Electrolyte  

SciTech Connect

In a typical battery, electrodes deliver capacities less or equal the theoretical maxima of the electrode materials.1 The inert electrolyte functions solely as the ionic conductor without contribution to the cell capacity because of its distinct mono-function in the concept of conventional batteries. Here we demonstrate that the most energy-dense Li-CFx battery2 delivers a capacity exceeding the theoretical maximum of CFx with a solid electrolyte of Li3PS4 (LPS) that has dual functions: as the inert electrolyte at the anode and the active component at the cathode. Such a bi-functional electrolyte reconciles both inert and active characteristics through a synergistic discharge mechanism of CFx and LPS. Li3PS4 is known as an inactive solid electrolyte with a broad electrochemical window over 5 V.3 The synergy at the cathode is through LiF, the discharge product of CFx, which activates the electrochemical discharge of LPS at a close electrochemical potential of CFx. Therefore, the solid-state Li-CFx batteries output 126.6% energy beyond their theoretic limits without compromising the stability of the cell voltage. The extra energy comes from the electrochemical discharge of LPS, the inert electrolyte. This bi-functional electrolyte revolutionizes the concept of conventional batteries and opens a new avenue for the design of batteries with an unprecedentedly high energy density.

Rangasamy, Ezhiylmurugan [ORNL] [ORNL; Li, Juchuan [ORNL] [ORNL; Sahu, Gayatri [ORNL] [ORNL; Dudney, Nancy J [ORNL] [ORNL; Liang, Chengdu [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Surface structural analysis of LiF(100) thin films grown on Pt(111)  

SciTech Connect

The surface structure of a multilayer LiF(100) thin film grown on Pt(111) from the vapor has been determined by the automated tensor low energy electron diffraction (LEED) method. The final structure, which refined to a Pendry R-factor (RP) of 0.24, had a surface corrugation (D1) of 0.24+-0.04 Angstrom due to the Li+ being displaced towards the bulk, leaving the initially coplanar F - unshifted. A similar intralayer corrugation due to the movement of the Li+ was also observed in the layer immediately under the surface layer, although to a lesser degree: D2=0.07+-0.04 Angstrom. This asymmetric relaxation resulted in the reduction of the first interlayer spacing, d(F2-Li1), to 1.77+-0.0 6 Angstrom from the ideal value of 2.01 Angstrom. The second interlayer spacing, d(Li3-F2), was within error bars of the bulk value, 2.01 Angstrom.

Roberts, J.G.; Van Hove, M.A.; Somorjai, G.A.

2002-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

387

Electrochemical and Structural Study of the Layered, 'Li-Excess' Lithium-Ion Battery Electrode Material Li[Li[subscript 1/9]Ni[subscript 1/3]Mn[subscript 5/9  

SciTech Connect

The overcapacity mechanism and high voltage process of the Li-excess electrode material Li[Li{sub 1/9}Ni{sub 1/3}Mn{sub 5/9}]O{sub 2} are studied by solid-state NMR, X-ray diffraction, X-ray absorption spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, combined with galvanostatic and potentiostatic intermittent titration electrochemical measurements. The cycling performance is improved noticeably when the material is cycled between potential windows of 5.3-2.5 V compared to 4.6-2.5 V. Diffraction data show that structural changes occur at high voltages, the solid-state NMR data of the same samples indicating that the high voltage processes above 4.4 V are associated with Li removal from the structure, in addition to electrolyte decomposition. The NMR spectra of the discharged samples show that cation rearrangements in the transition metal layers have occurred. The XAS spectra confirm that the Mn oxidation state remains unchanged at 4+, whereas Ni{sup 2+} is oxidized to Ni{sup 4+} on charging to 4.4 V, returning to Ni{sup 2+} on discharge, independent of the final charge voltage. A significant change of the shape of the Ni edge is observed in the 4.6-5.3 V potential range on charge, which is ascribed to a change in the Ni local environment. No O{sub 2} evolution was detected based on ex situ analysis of the gases evolved in the batteries, the TEM data showing that thick passivating films form on the electrodes. The results suggest that at least some of the oxygen loss from these lithium-excess materials occurs via a mechanism involving electrolyte decomposition.

Jiang, Meng; Key, Baris; Meng, Ying S.; Grey, Clare P.; (SBU); (Florida)

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

388

Microwave Plasma Chemical Vapor Deposition of Carbon Coatings on LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 for Li-Ion Battery Composite Cathodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

O 2 for Li-ion Battery Composite Cathodes Marek L. MarcinekRaman spectroscopy. The composite LiNi 1/3 Co 1/3 Mn 1/3 O 2electronic contact within the composite cathode and does not

Doeff, M.M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Relation between crystal structures, electronic structures, and electrode performances of LiMn2?xMxO4 (M = Ni, Zn) as a cathode active material for 4V secondary Li batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigated the relation between the electrode performance and electronic states of LiMn2?xMxO4 (M=Ni, Zn) as cathode active materials for the 4V class of lithium secondary batteries. The cycle performance is improved by substitution of Mn with Ni or Zn. We obtained the electron density distribution by XRD using the MEM/Rietveld method. Moreover, we investigated the electronic states of LiMn1.75M0.25O4 (M=Mn, Ni, Zn) using first-principles calculation by the DV-X? method. The net charges of each atom, and the bond overlap populations of Li?O, Mn?O, Ni?O and Zn?O were calculated. From the results, Li has a high ionicity and the covalent bonding of the Mn?O of LiMn1.75M0.25O4 (M=Ni, Zn) is stronger than that of LiMn2O4. As a result of the DOS, the oxygen 2p orbital and Mn 3d orbital provides the overlap and the overlap of LiMn1.75M0.25O4 is greater than that of LiMn2O4.

Yuka Ito; Yasushi Idemoto; Yuka Tsunoda; Nobuyuki Koura

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Influence of solvents on the synthesis and electrochemical properties of Li[Li1/5Ni1/10Co1/5Mn1/2]O2 for the applications in lithium-ion batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Li[Li1/5Ni1/10Co1/5Mn1/2]O2 was prepared with starting materials having acetate functional group, lithium acetate (CH3COOLi2H2O), nickel acetate ((CH3COO)2Ni4H2O), manganese acetate ((CH3COO)2Mn4H2O)...

K. S. Park; C. H. Song; A. Manuel Stephan; S. K. Jeong

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

LiDAR At Twenty-Nine Palms Area (Sabin, Et Al., 2010) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nine Palms Area (Sabin, Et Al., 2010) Nine Palms Area (Sabin, Et Al., 2010) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: LiDAR At Twenty-Nine Palms Geothermal Area (Sabin, Et Al., 2010) Exploration Activity Details Location Twenty-Nine Palms Geothermal Area Exploration Technique LiDAR Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes As previously mentioned, a deep slim hole is scheduled to be drilled in the Camp Wilson area of MCAGCC in June, 2010. The location of this hole is entirely driven by favorable structures as interpreted from LiDAR data and results of the Seabee TGH drilling program completed in early 2009. Details of the MCAGCC work are available in another section of this volume. References Andrew Sabin, S. Bjornstad, M. Lazaro, D. Meade, C. Page, S. Alm, A.

392

Structural Analysis of Southern Dixie Valley using LiDAR and Low-Sun-Angle  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Structural Analysis of Southern Dixie Valley using LiDAR and Low-Sun-Angle Structural Analysis of Southern Dixie Valley using LiDAR and Low-Sun-Angle Aerial Photography, NAS Fallon Geothermal Exploration Project, Dixie Valley, Nevada Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Structural Analysis of Southern Dixie Valley using LiDAR and Low-Sun-Angle Aerial Photography, NAS Fallon Geothermal Exploration Project, Dixie Valley, Nevada Abstract The goal of this study is to map and characterize Quaternary faults in southern Dixie Valley for the Department of the Navy Geothermal Program Office's NAS Fallon Geothermal Exploration Project. We will use this information to better characterize the regional structure and geothermal resource potential of the area,with a focus on determining the structural

393

Fusion of $^{6}$Li with $^{159}$Tb} at near barrier energies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Complete and incomplete fusion cross sections for $^{6}$Li+$^{159}$Tb have been measured at energies around the Coulomb barrier by the $\\gamma$-ray method. The measurements show that the complete fusion cross sections at above-barrier energies are suppressed by $\\sim$34% compared to the coupled channels calculations. A comparison of the complete fusion cross sections at above-barrier energies with the existing data of $^{11,10}$B+$^{159}$Tb and $^{7}$Li+$^{159}$Tb shows that the extent of suppression is correlated with the $\\alpha$-separation energies of the projectiles. It has been argued that the Dy isotopes produced in the reaction $^{6}$Li+$^{159}$Tb, at below-barrier energies are primarily due to the $d$-transfer to unbound states of $^{159}$Tb, while both transfer and incomplete fusion processes contribute at above-barrier energies.

M. K. Pradhan; A. Mukherjee; P. Basu; A. Goswami; R. Kshetri; R. Palit; V. V. Parkar; M. Ray; Subinit Roy; P. Roy Chowdhury; M. Saha Sarkar; S. Santra

2011-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

394

Effect of the breakup process on the direct reaction with a {sup 6}Li projectile  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the effect of the breakup process on the direct reaction (DR) for {sup 6}Li. In order to study this effect, we introduce the experimental and semiexperimental ratio factors R{sup expt} and R{sup th} by using the semiexperimental and experimental {alpha}-production cross sections and DR cross sections. The average values of the ratio R{sup expt} (R{sup th}) for the {sup 6}Li+{sup 208}Pb and {sup 6}Li+{sup 209}Bi systems are 0.90 (0.91) and 0.86 (0.85), respectively. From these results, it can be seen that the {alpha}-production cross sections are the main contribution to the DR cross sections.

So, W. Y.; Lee, Su Youn; Kim, K. S. [Department of Radiological Science, Kangwon National University, Samcheok 245-711 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Physics, Dong-Eui University, Busan 614-714 (Korea, Republic of); School of Liberal Arts and Science, Korea Aerospace University, Koyang 412-791 (Korea, Republic of)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

395

Impact of active material surface area on thermal stability of LiCoO2 cathode  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Thermal stability of charged LiCoO2 cathodes with various surface areas of active material is investigated in order to quantify the effect of LiCoO2 surface area on thermal stability of cathode. Thermogravimetric analyses and calorimetry have been conducted on charged cathodes with different active material surface areas. Besides reduced thermal stability, high surface area also changes the active material decomposition reaction and induces side reactions with additives. Thermal analyses of LiCoO2 delithiated chemically without any additives or with a single additive have been conducted to elaborate the effect of particle size on side reactions. Stability of cathodeelectrolyte system has been investigated by accelerating rate calorimetry (ARC). Arrhenius activation energy of cathode decomposition has been calculated as function of conversion at different surface area of active material.

Jan Geder; Harry E. Hoster; Andreas Jossen; Jrgen Garche; Denis Y.W. Yu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Disentangling reaction mechanisms for ? production in the 6Li + 209Bi reaction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Inclusive breakup ? cross sections (??incl) are measured for the 6Li?+?209Bi reaction at bombarding energies Elab=2450MeV. The ??incl was observed to be a substantial fraction of the total reaction cross section over the entire energy range, and it exhausts almost whole of the reaction cross section at sub-barrier energies. An investigation on the origin of large inclusive ? reveals that most of the ? particles are produced by noncapture breakup (6Li??+d) and incomplete fusion via d capture. The combined cross sections of noncapture breakup, d capture, and transfer reactions successfully explain the origin of most of the experimental ??incl over the measured energy range. A comparison of the ??incl versus reduced energies for several targets involving 6Li as projectile shows that the cross sections are independent of target. Interestingly, the difference between reaction and complete fusion cross sections ?reac??CF for several reactions also shows the same behavior.

S. Santra, S. Kailas, V. V. Parkar, K. Ramachandran, V. Jha, A. Chatterjee, P. K. Rath, and A. Parihari

2012-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

397

Thermochemistry of phosphorus oxynitrides: PON and LiNaPON glasses  

SciTech Connect

High-temperature solution calorimetry has been very useful in elucidating the energetics of many oxide materials. Recently, a sodium molybdate melt, 3Na{sub 2}O{center{underscore}dot}4MoO{sub 3}, has been shown to be very effective for nitride calorimetry. This methodology has now been used to determine the energetics of formation of phosphorus oxynitride PON samples and of a series of LiNaPON oxynitride glasses. The magnitude of the energetics of nitrogen/oxygen substitution within PON and LiNaPON glasses has been correctly evaluated by using N-N, O-O, P-N, and P-O bond strengths. The in-situ precipitation of metallic particles from corresponding oxides in LiNaPON glasses has been predicted from high-temperature solution calorimetry results and appropriate thermodynamic cycles. The results constitute the first set of energetic data on nitridophosphates.

Tessier, F.; Navrotsky, A.; Le Sauze, A.; Marchand, R.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Superionicity in the hydrogen storage material Li2NH: Molecular dynamics simulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have employed ab initio molecular dynamics simulations in an attempt to study a temperature-induced order-disorder structural phase transformation that occurs in Li2NH at about 385 K. A structural phase transition was observed by us in the temperature range 300400 K, in good agreement with experiment. This transition is associated with a melting of the cation sublattice (Li+), giving rise to a superionic phase, which in turn is accompanied by an order-disorder transition of the N-H bond orientation. The results obtained here can contribute to a better understanding of the hydrogen storage reactions involving Li2NH and furthermore broaden its possible technological applications toward batteries and fuel cells.

C. Moyss Arajo; Andreas Blomqvist; Ralph H. Scheicher; Ping Chen; Rajeev Ahuja

2009-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

399

Materials for Better Li-based Storage Systems for a "Green Energy Society"  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Li-ion batteries are strongly considered for powering the upcoming generations of HEVs and PHEVs, but there are still the issues of safety and costs in terms of materials resources and abundances, synthesis, and recycling processes. Notions of materials having minimum footprint in nature, made via eco-efficient processes, must be integrated in our new research towards the next generation of sustainable and "greener" Li-ion batteries. In this July 13, 2009 talk sponsored by Berkeley Lab's Environental Energy Technologies Division, Jean-Marie Tarascon, a professor at the University of Picardie (Amiens), discuss Eco-efficient synthesis via hydrothermal/solvothermal processes using latent bases as well as structure directing templates or other bio-related approaches of LiFePO4 nanopowders.

Jean-Marie Tarascon

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

400

The mechanism of HF formation in LiPF6 based organic carbonate electrolytes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The mechanism of HF formation in LiPF6 based organic carbonate electrolytes The mechanism of HF formation in LiPF6 based organic carbonate electrolytes Title The mechanism of HF formation in LiPF6 based organic carbonate electrolytes Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2012 Authors Lux, Simon F., Ivan T. Lucas, Elad Pollak, Stefano Passerini, Martin Winter, and Robert Kostecki Journal Electrochemistry Communications Volume 14 Start Page 47 Issue 1 Pagination 47-50 Date Published 01/2012 Keywords Hydrofluoric acid, LiPF6 degradation, Lithium ion batteries, spectroscopic ellipsometry Abstract Spectroscopic ellipsometry was used to study the time-dependent formation of HF upon the thermal degradation of LiPF6 at 50 °C in a lithium ion battery electrolyte containing ethylene carbonate and diethyl carbonate. The generated HF was monitored by following the etching rate of a 300 nm thick SiO2 layer, grown on both sides of a silicon wafer substrate, as a function of the immersion time in the electrolyte at 50 °C. It was found that the formation of HF starts after 70 h of exposure time and occurs following several different phases. The amount of generated HF was calculated using an empirical formula correlating the etching rate to the temperature. Combining the results of the HF formation with literature data, a simplified mechanism for the formation of the HF involving LiPF6 degradation, and a simplified catalytical reaction pathway of the formed HF and silicon dioxide are proposed to describe the kinetics of HF formation.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li liberia ha" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Vector polarized /sup 6/Li scattering from /sup 12/C and /sup 16/O  

SciTech Connect

The elastic scattering vector analyzing powers for /sup 6/Li+/sup 16/O at 25.7 MeV and /sup 6/Li+/sup 12/C at 30 MeV have been measured. In addition, measurement of the vector analyzing power for inelastic /sup 6/Li scattering has been made for the 2/sup +/ (4.44 MeV) state in /sup 12/C. Excitation function data for /sup 6/Li+/sup 16/O elastic and inelastic scattering have also been measured at five angles for /sup 6/Li lab energies through the range 15--28 MeV in 375 keV steps. These data show the system to be resonance free at 25.7 MeV. The data have been analyzed in the coupled channels framework, employing the double folding model for the real part of the nuclear scattering potential. The coupling strengths in the coupled channels calculations were determined from inelastic scattering cross-section data directly. The elastic scattering vector analyzing powers arise from a complicated interference between channel coupling and spin-orbit contributions, whereas the /sup 12/C, 2/sup +/ inelastic vector analyzing power arises from the spin-orbit potential only. Inelastic scattering analyzing powers may allow the shape and strength of heavy-ion spin-orbit potentials to be investigated more clearly than do the elastic scattering analyzing powers. The normalization of the double-folded real potential was found to be in the range 0.85--1.00 in the coupled channel calculations, thus bringing the normalization of /sup 6/Li scattering into agreement with other projectiles.

Van Verst, S.P.; Sanderson, D.P.; Trcka, D.E.; Kemper, K.W.; Hnizdo, V.; Schmidt, B.G.; Chapman, K.R.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Field-Induced Spin-Flop in Antiferromagnetic Semiconductors with Commensurate and Incommensurate Magnetic Structures: Li2FeGeS4 (LIGS) and Li2FeSnS4 (LITS)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Li2FeGeS4 (LIGS) and Li2FeSnS4 (LITS), which are among the first magnetic semiconductors with the wurtz-kesterite structure, exhibit antiferromagnetism with TN ? 6 and 4 K, respectively. Both compounds undergo a conventional metamagnetic transition that ...Divalent ions are directed to specific locations within the structures of the Li2?Fe?IV?S4 diamond-like materials to generate antiferromagnetic ordering. Both compounds undergo a reversible spin-flop transition. Changing the tetravalent ion in these materials alters the bandgaps and magnetic structures. The indirect-gap (Eg = 1.4 eV) semiconductor Li2FeGeS4 has a magnetic structure that is commensurate with the nuclear structure, while Li2FeSnS4 has a direct bandgap (Eg = 1.9 eV) and an incommensurate magnetic structure.

Jacilynn A. Brant; Clarina dela Cruz; Jinlei Yao; Alexios P. Douvalis; Thomas Bakas; Monica Sorescu; Jennifer A. Aitken

2014-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

403

Synthesis of HA-Seeded TTCP (Ca4(PO4)2O) Powders at 12301C from Ca(CH3COO)2 . H2O and NH4H2PO4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Synthesis of HA-Seeded TTCP (Ca4(PO4)2O) Powders at 12301C from Ca(CH3COO)2 . H2O and NH4H2PO4 University, Clemson, South Carolina 29634 Tetracalcium phosphate (TTCP) Ca4(PO4)2O is one of the major powder- state process by soaking Ca- and P-containing precursors be- tween 13501 and 15001C. Such procedures

Tas, A. Cuneyt

404

Relativistic calculations of the isotope shifts in highly charged Li-like ions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Relativistic calculations of the isotope shifts of energy levels in highly charged Li-like ions are performed. The nuclear recoil (mass shift) contributions are calculated by merging the perturbative and large-scale configuration-interaction Dirac-Fock-Sturm (CI-DFS) methods. The nuclear size (field shift) contributions are evaluated by the CI-DFS method including the electron-correlation, Breit, and QED corrections. The nuclear deformation and nuclear polarization corrections to the isotope shifts in Li-like neodymium, thorium, and uranium are also considered. The results of the calculations are compared with the theoretical values obtained with other methods.

Zubova, N A; Shabaev, V M; Tupitsyn, I I; Volotka, A V; Plunien, G; Brandau, C; Sthlker, Th

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Report for in-situ 7Li NMR experiment in PNNL Phase -1  

SciTech Connect

To understand the detailed local structural evolution, an in-situ 7Li NMR study was performed. An operando identification of the lithium germanide phases under various cycling regimens permitted understanding of the kinetics of phase transition between different structural phases, including the amorphous phases, and how these correlated with capacity retention. Combining data from TEM and in-situ 7Li NMR, we discovered that the phase inter-conversion during cycling was mediated by co-existing amorphous and crystalline phases, and that the high capacity observed was correlated with an over-lithiated lithium germanide phase.

Hu, Jian Zhi [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

2014-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

406

Chemical and Electrochemical Differences in Nonaqueous LiO2 and NaO2 Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The most intriguing difference between the two batteries is their respective galvanostatic charging overpotentials: a NaO2 battery exhibits a low overpotential throughout most of its charge, whereas a LiO2 battery has a low initial overpotential that continuously increases to very high voltages by the end of charge. ... Li metal was purchased from FMC, Na metal was purchased from GalliumSource, P50 Avcarb carbon paper was purchased from the Fuel Cell Store, and Whatman glass fiber filters (QM-A grade) were used as the separator. ...

Bryan D. McCloskey; Jeannette M. Garcia; Alan C. Luntz

2014-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

407

First Principles Prediction of Nitrogen-doped Carbon Nanotubes as a High-Performance Cathode for Li-S Batteries  

SciTech Connect

The insulating nature of sulfur and the solubility of the polysulfide in organic electrolyte are two main factors that limit the application of lithium sulfur (Li-S) battery systems. Enhancement of Li conductivity, identification of a strong adsorption agent of polysulfides and the improvement of the whole sulfur-based electrode are of great technological importance. The diffusion of Li atoms on the outer-wall, inner-wall and inter-wall spaces in nitrogen-doped double-walled carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and penetrations of Li and S atoms through the walls are studied using density functional theory. We find that N-doping does not alternate the diffusion behaviors of Li atoms throughout the CNTs, but the energy barrier for Li atoms to penetrate the wall is greatly decreased by N-doping (from ~9.0 eV to ~ 1.0 eV). On the other hand, the energy barrier for S atoms to penetrate the wall remains very high, which is caused by the formation of the chemical bonds between the S and nearby N atoms. The results indicate that Li atoms are able to diffuse freely, whereas S atoms can be encapsulated inside the N-doped CNTs, suggesting that the N-doped CNTs can be potentially used in high performance Li-S batteries.

Wang, Zhiguo; Niu, Xinyue; Xiao, Jie; Wang, Chong M.; Liu, Jun; Gao, Fei

2013-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

408

Figure 1. Schematic drawing showing the components of a Li-ion battery cell and the information that can be  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proposals In Situ Electron Microscopy and Spectroscopy Studies of Interfaces in Advanced Li-ion BatteriesFigure 1. Schematic drawing showing the components of a Li-ion battery cell and the information (8300 28th Ct NE, Unit 200, Lacey, Washington 98516) Electrochemical energy storage devices (EES

409

Gauss-Jordan Method (GJ) Matrix Multiplication Linear Independence (LI) Rank Inverse Math 364: Principles of Optimization, Lecture 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gauss-Jordan Method (GJ) Matrix Multiplication Linear Independence (LI) Rank Inverse Math 364 University Spring 2012 Haijun Li Math 364: Principles of Optimization, Lecture 2 Spring 2012 1 / 15 #12;Gauss-Jordan and methods from linear algebra, including Gauss-Jordan method, matrix multiplication, linear independence

Li, Haijun

410

Experimental and Theoretical Investigations of the NMR Line Shapes of LiF and NaF Single Crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Experimental cw line shapes have been obtained for Li7, Na23, and F19 nuclei in NaF and LiF single crystals, and compared with several line-shape theories. A new line-shape theory is described which gives better results than previous ones for these two crystal systems.

Ben T. Gravely and J. D. Memory

1971-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

411

E-MiLi: Energy-Minimizing Idle Listening in Wireless Networks Xinyu Zhang and Kang G. Shin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

}@eecs.umich.edu ABSTRACT WiFi interface is known to be a primary energy consumer in mo- bile devices, and idle listeningE-MiLi: Energy-Minimizing Idle Listening in Wireless Networks Xinyu Zhang and Kang G. Shin with PSM enabled. To remedy this problem, we propose E-MiLi (Energy-Minimizing idle Listening) that re

Shihada, Basem

412

Mixed Ionic and Electronic Conduction in Li3PO4 Electrolyte for a CO2 Gas Sensor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

equilib- rium potential types, are most promising for CO2 monitoring among the solid-state and Measurements, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA An electrochemical CO2 gas sensor using Li2. Because Li3PO4 electrolyte has been fabricated as a Lipon glass thin film in battery applications,14

Dutta, Prabir K.

413

A synthesis of LiFePO 4 starting from FePO 4 under reducing atmosphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A fast and easy way to produce LiFePO 4 starting from FePO 4 used as iron and phosphorus source is proposed. 5% hydrogen is employed as a reducing agent and various compounds containing lithium as lithiation agents. The selected lithiation agents included: LiCl CH 3 COOLi LiOH Li 2 S LiH and Li 2 CO 3 . Solid state synthesis is used for the LiFePO 4 preparation and the so obtained materials are structurally characterized by XRD. The materials are used to fabricate composite electrode and their specific capacity is evaluated by low rate galvanostatic charge/discharge cycles (C/10 rate). Among the various lithium salts the acetate give rise to the LiFePO 4 with the best electrochemical performance. The morphology of this material is further investigated by SEM microscopy and the specific capacity is evaluated as a function of the discharge rate and the cycle number.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Impact of microwave synthesis conditions on the rechargeable capacity of LiCoPO4 for lithium ion batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

LiCoPO4 was synthesized via microwave synthesis following the procedure previously described [23]. Lithium hydroxide (LiOH, 98% Sigma Aldrich) and cobalt(II) acetate tetrahydrate [Co(CH3COO)24H2O, Sigma Aldrich...

Reginald E. Rogers; Garry M. Clarke

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

IFM / Biologi LiTH Acquisition and analysis of bioelectric signals from the heart 2007-01-13  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IFM / Biologi LiTH Acquisition and analysis of bioelectric signals from the heart 2007-01-13 TFYY98 of bioelectric signals from the heart 2007-01-13 TFYY98 Ingenjörsprojekt för teknisk biologi LIPs Responsible / Biologi LiTH Acquisition and analysis of bioelectric signals from the heart 2007-01-13 TFYY98

Altimiras, Jordi

416

Particle-size and morphology dependence of the preferred interface orientation in LiFePO4 nano-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Particle-size and morphology dependence of the preferred interface orientation in LiFePO4 nano insights into the equilibrium properties and potential two-phase lithiation mechanisms in LiFePO4 nano, if experimentally-relevant nano-particles were to (de)lithiate under a thermodynamic two-phase mechanism

Ceder, Gerbrand

417

Applied Surface Science 266 (2013) 516 Interphase chemistry of Si electrodes used as anodes in Li-ion batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Li-ion batteries Catarina Pereira-Nabaisa,b , Jolanta S´wiatowskaa, , Alexandre Chagnesb, , Franc made to increase the energy density of lithium-ion batteries (LiB), namely for electric vehicle applications. One way to improve the energy density of a battery is to use high specific capacity materials, e

Boyer, Edmond

418

Adaptation of an Electrochemistry-based Li-Ion Battery Model to Account for Deterioration Observed Under Randomized Use  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Adaptation of an Electrochemistry-based Li-Ion Battery Model to Account for Deterioration Observed). In this paper, we use an electrochemistry-based lithium ion (Li-ion) battery model developed in (Daigle, Moffett Field, CA 94035 matthew.j.daigle@nasa.gov ABSTRACT Tracking the variation in battery dynamics

Daigle, Matthew

419

High-energy, high-efficiency harmonic generation from a Cr:LiSrAlF6 laser system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have developed a near-diffraction-limited Q-switched Cr:LiSrAlF6 (Cr:LiSAF) laser system capable of producing 860-nm, 400-mJ pulses at a repetition rate of 2 Hz. Our...

Zenzie, H H; Isyanova, Y

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

A Need-Based Collaboration Classification Framework Anita Sarma, Andr van der Hoek and Li-Te Cheng  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 A Need-Based Collaboration Classification Framework Anita Sarma, André van der Hoek and Li Irvine Irvine, CA 92697-3425 USA {asarma, andre}@ics.uci.edu IBM Research Collaborative User Experience Group 1 Rogers Street Cambridge, Massachusetts li-te_cheng@us.ibm.com Abstract Research in collaboration

Sarma, Anita

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li liberia ha" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Adiabatic Channel Capture Theory Applied to Cold Atom-Molecule Reactions: Li + CaH -> LiH + Ca at 1 K  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use quantum and classical adiabatic capture theories to study the chemical reaction Li + CaH -> LiH + Ca. Using a recently developed ab initio potential energy surface, which provides an accurate representation of long-range interactions in the entrance reaction channel, we calculate the adiabatic channel potentials by diagonalizing the atom-molecule Hamiltonian as a function of the atom-molecule separation. The resulting adiabatic channel potentials are used to calculate both the classical and quantum capture probabilities as a function of collision energy, as well as the temperature dependencies of the partial and total reaction rates. The calculated reaction rate agrees well with the measured value at 1 K [V. Singh et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 203201 (2012)], suggesting that the title reaction proceeds without an activation barrier. The calculated classical adiabatic capture rate agrees well with the quantum result in the multiple partial wave regime of relevance to the experiment. Significant differen...

Tscherbul, Timur V

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

In Situ X-ray Study of the Solid Electrolyte Interphase (SEI) Formation on Graphene as a Model Li-ion Battery Anode  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In Situ X-ray Study of the Solid Electrolyte Interphase (SEI) Formation on Graphene as a Model Li-ion Battery Anode ... Li-ion batteries; solid electrolyte interphase; graphene; graphite; X-ray scattering ...

Sudeshna Chattopadhyay; Albert L. Lipson; Hunter J. Karmel; Jonathan D. Emery; Timothy T. Fister; Paul A. Fenter; Mark C. Hersam; Michael J. Bedzyk

2012-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

423

Moving Boundary Model for the Discharge of a LiCoO2 Qi Zhang and Ralph E. White*,z  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the LiCoO2 particles has a significant effect on the flux distribution by changing the solid phase. In addition, their model does not quantitatively establish the current and potential relation- ship of a Li

424

Beyond Conventional Cathode Materials for Li-ion Batteries and Na-ion Batteries Nickel fluoride conversion materials and P2 type Na-ion intercalation cathodes /  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in a Li Ion Battery: A Solid-State NMR, X-ray Diffraction,in a Li Ion Battery: A Solid-State NMR, X-ray Diffraction,

Lee, Dae Hoe

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

The influence of lithium excess in the target on the properties andcompositions of Li1+x Mn2O4?? thin films prepared by PLD  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

LiMnO thin films were deposited by pulsed laser deposition (PLD) onto stainless steel substrates using targets containing different concentrations of added Li2O. The influence of the target composition on the s...

F. Simmen; T. Lippert; P. Novk; B. Neuenschwander; M. Dbeli

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Thermal runaway features of 18650 lithium-ion batteries for LiFePO4 cathode material by DSC and VSP2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In view of availability, accountability, and applicability, LiFePO4 cathode material has been confirmed to be better than LiCoO2...cathode material. Nevertheless, few related researches were conducted for thermal

Chia-Yuan Wen; Can-Yong Jhu; Yih-Wen Wang

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

CsCl Separation From a LiCl-CsCl Mixture by Using a Crystallization Approach  

SciTech Connect

Separation of CsCl and SrCl{sub 2} from LiCl was carried out by using a noble separation technology, the Czochralski crystallization method. It was experimentally confirmed that Cs as well as Sr could be simultaneously separated from a LiCl molten salt by the suggested crystallization process without any kind of additive or adsorption media. The concentrations of Cs and Sr in the LiCl were decreased from 1.53 wt% and 4.18 wt% in the initial salt to a minimum of 114 ppm and 135 ppm in the grown LiCl crystal respectively. The separation mechanism of Cs and Sr is described by the solubility difference of the solutes between the molten and the solid states. It is expected that the total amount of salt waste could be drastically decreased, because most of the LiCl could be recovered for recycling to the electroreduction process. (authors)

Jong-Hyeon, Lee; Gyu-Hwan, Oh; Han-Soo, Lee; Sung-Bin, Park; Yoon-Sang, Lee; In-Tae, Kim; Eung-Ho, Kim; Seong-Won, Park [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Three-phase model for the reversible lithiation/delithiation of SnO anodes in Li-ion batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using first-principles calculations, we propose a microscopic model to explain the reversible lithiation/delithiation of tin-oxide anodes in lithium-ion batteries. When the irreversible regime ends, the anode grains consist of layers of Li-oxide separated by Sn bilayers. During the following reversible lithiation, the Li-oxide undergoes two phase transformations that give rise to a Li-enrichment of the oxide and the formation of a SnLi composite. The anode grain structure stays layered and ordered with an effective theoretical reversible capacity of 4.5 Li per Sn atom. The predicted anode volume expansion and voltage profile agree well with experiments, contrary to existing models.

Pedersen, Andreas; Luisier, Mathieu

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Biased interface between solid ion conductor LiBH{sub 4} and lithium metal: A first principles molecular dynamics study  

SciTech Connect

We use first-principles molecular dynamics to study the electrochemical solid-solid interface between lithium metal and lithium electrolyte LiBH{sub 4}. An external bias is applied by using an effective screening medium. We observe large polarization in the LiBH{sub 4}, because the lithium cations in LiBH{sub 4} are shifted more on one side of the double-well potential of Li{sup +}. This results in a large potential drop in the interface region and a large double-layer capacity corresponding to ca. 70 ?F/cm{sup 2}. H-coordination to the Li atoms plays an important role in the charge-transfer reaction and ion transfer.

Ikeshoji, Tamio [Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan) [Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Nanosystem Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), AIST Tsukuba Central 2, 1-1-1 Umezono, Tsukuba 305-8568 (Japan); Ando, Yasunobu; Otani, Minoru; Tsuchida, Eiji [Nanosystem Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), AIST Tsukuba Central 2, 1-1-1 Umezono, Tsukuba 305-8568 (Japan)] [Nanosystem Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), AIST Tsukuba Central 2, 1-1-1 Umezono, Tsukuba 305-8568 (Japan); Takagi, Shigeyuki; Matsuo, Motoaki [Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan)] [Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Orimo, Shin-ichi [Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan) [Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); WPI-Advanced Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan)

2013-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

430

Effect of fuel rate and annealing process of LiFePO{sub 4} cathode material for Li-ion batteries synthesized by flame spray pyrolysis method  

SciTech Connect

In this study the effect of fuel rate and annealing on particle formation of LiFePO{sub 4} as battery cathode using flame spray pyrolysis method was investigated numerically and experimentally. Numerical study was done using ANSYS FLUENT program. In experimentally, LiFePO{sub 4} was synthesized from inorganic aqueous solution followed by annealing. LPG was used as fuel and air was used as oxidizer and carrier gas. Annealing process attempted in inert atmosphere at 700C for 240 min. Numerical result showed that the increase of fuel rate caused the increase of flame temperature. Microscopic observation using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) revealed that all particles have sphere and polydisperse. Increasing fuel rate caused decreasing particle size and increasing particles crystallinity. This phenomenon attributed to the flame temperature. However, all produced particles still have more amorphous phase. Therefore, annealing needed to increase particles crystallinity. Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) analysis showed that all particles have PO4 function group. Increasing fuel rate led to the increase of infrared spectrum absorption corresponding to the increase of particles crystallinity. This result indicated that phosphate group vibrated easily in crystalline phase. From Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) analysis, annealing can cause the increase of Li{sup +} diffusivity. The diffusivity coefficient of without and with annealing particles were 6.8439910{sup ?10} and 8.5988810{sup ?10} cm{sup 2} s{sup ?1}, respectively.

Halim, Abdul; Setyawan, Heru; Machmudah, Siti; Nurtono, Tantular; Winardi, Sugeng [Chemical Engineering, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Kampus Sukolilo Surabaya Indonesia 60111 (Indonesia)

2014-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

431

Fabrication of Graphene Embedded LiFePO4 Using a Catalyst Assisted Self Assembly Method as a Cathode Material for High Power Lithium-Ion Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tailoring Crystal Structure and Morphology of LiFePO4/C Cathode Materials Synthesized by Heterogeneous Growth on Nanostructured LiFePO4 Seed Crystals ... Enhancement of Electrochemical Activity of LiFePO4 (olivine) by Amphiphilic Ru-bipyridine Complex Anchored to a Carbon Nanotube ... properties have also been investigated after assembling coin cells with the CA-graphene/LiFePO4 composite as a cathode active material. ...

WonKeun Kim; WonHee Ryu; DongWook Han; SungJin Lim; JiYong Eom; HyukSang Kwon

2014-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

432

Correlation between biaxial stress and free exciton transition in AlN B. N. Pantha, N. Nepal, T. M. Al Tahtamouni, M. L. Nakarmi, J. Li,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Nepal, T. M. Al Tahtamouni, M. L. Nakarmi, J. Li, J. Y. Lin, and H. X. Jianga Department of Physics

Jiang, Hongxing

433

Synthesis, structural characterization and Li{sup +} ion conductivity of a new vanado-molybdate phase, LiMg{sub 3}VMo{sub 2}O{sub 12}  

SciTech Connect

A new vanado-molybdate LiMg{sub 3}VMo{sub 2}O{sub 12} has been synthesized, the crystal structure determined an ionic conductivity measured. The solid solution Li{sub 2-z}Mg{sub 2+z}V{sub z}Mo{sub 3-z}O{sub 12} was investigated and the structures of the z=0.5 and 1.0 compositions were refined by Rietveld analysis of powder X-ray (XRD) and powder neutron diffraction (ND) data. The structures were refined in the orthorhombic space group Pnma with a{approx}5.10, b{approx}10.4 and c{approx}17.6 A, and are isostructural with the previously reported double molybdates Li{sub 2}M{sub 2}(MoO{sub 4}){sub 3} (M=M{sup 2+}, z=0). The structures comprise of two unique (Li/Mg)O{sub 6} octahedra, (Li/Mg)O{sub 6} trigonal prisms and two unique (Mo/V)O{sub 4} tetrahedra. A well-defined 1:3 ratio of Li{sup +}:Mg{sup 2+} is observed in octahedral chains for LiMg{sub 3}VMo{sub 2}O{sub 12}. Li{sup +} preferentially occupies trigonal prisms and Mg{sup 2+} favours octahedral sheets. Excess V{sup 5+} adjacent to the octahedral sheets may indicate short-range order. Ionic conductivity measured by impedance spectroscopy (IS) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) measurements show the presence of a phase transition, at 500-600 {sup o}C, depending on x. A decrease in activation energy for Li{sup +} ion conductivity occurs at the phase transition and the high temperature structure is a good Li{sup +} ion conductor, with {sigma}=1x10{sup -3}-4x10{sup -2} S cm{sup -1} and E{sub a}=0.6 to 0.8 eV. - Graphical abstract: A new vanado-molybdate LiMg{sub 3}VMo{sub 2}O{sub 12} has been synthesized and the crystal structure determined. Ionic conductivity measurements show the presence of a phase transition, at 500-600 {sup o}C. A large decrease in activation energy for Li{sup +} ion conductivity occurs at the phase transition and the high temperature structure is a good Li{sup +} ion conductor. Display Omitted

Gillie, Lisa J., E-mail: L.J.Gillie@hud.ac.u [Department of Chemical and Biological Sciences, School of Applied Sciences, University of Huddersfield, Queensgate, Huddersfield HD1 3DH (United Kingdom); Souza, Sharon A. de [Department of Engineering Materials, Sir Robert Hadfield Building, University of Sheffield, Mappin Street, Sheffield S1 3JD (United Kingdom); Sheptyakov, Denis [Laboratory for Neutron Scattering, ETHZ and PSI, CH-5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland); Reeves-McLaren, Nik; Pasero, Denis; West, Anthony R. [Department of Engineering Materials, Sir Robert Hadfield Building, University of Sheffield, Mappin Street, Sheffield S1 3JD (United Kingdom)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

434

Graphene modified Li2FeSiO4/C composite as a high performance cathode material for lithium-ion batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Graphene modified Li2FeSiO4/C composite (Li2FeSiO4/C/G) has been synthesized successfully by a chemical vapor deposition (CVD)-assisted two-step solid-state reactions. The Li2FeSiO4/C/G composite is characteristi...

Zheng Zhang; Xingquan Liu; Yue Wu; Hongyuan Zhao

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

TiSnSb a new efficient negative electrode for Li-ion batteries: mechanism investigations by operando-XRD and Mossbauer techniques  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TiSnSb a new efficient negative electrode for Li-ion batteries: mechanism investigations We report the electrochemical study of TiSnSb towards Li, as a negative electrode for Li-ion batteries. TiSnSb can reversibly take up more than 5 lithiums per formula unit leading to reversible

Boyer, Edmond

436

Abstract--A novel, accurate, compact, and power efficient Lith-ium-Ion (Li-Ion) battery charger designed to yield maximum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Abstract-- A novel, accurate, compact, and power efficient Lith- ium-Ion (Li-Ion) battery charger battery, linear charger, switching charger. I. INTRODUCTION ITHIUM-ION (Li-Ion) batteries are widely used of Li-Ion batteries to over-charged voltages im- poses stringent charge requirements on the design

Rincon-Mora, Gabriel A.

437

Cahn-Hilliard Reaction Model for Isotropic Li-ion Battery Particles Yi Zeng1, Martin Z. Bazant1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cahn-Hilliard Reaction Model for Isotropic Li-ion Battery Particles Yi Zeng1, Martin Z. Bazant1,2 1 particle. This general approach extends previous Li-ion battery models, which either neglect phase theory for Li-ion batteries [13, 18] with Butler-Volmer kinetics and concentration depen- dent

Bazant, Martin Z.

438

Electrostatic Energy Harvester and Li-Ion Charger Circuit for Micro-Scale Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, low duty-cycle task multiplex- ing, and smart power-aware networks, the energy stored in micro- scaleElectrostatic Energy Harvester and Li-Ion Charger Circuit for Micro-Scale Applications Erick O micro-systems like biomedical implants and ad-hoc wireless transceiver micro-sensors continue

Rincon-Mora, Gabriel A.

439

Pricing of American retail options Christina Burton, McKay Heasley, Jeffrey Humpherys, Jialin Li  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pricing of American retail options Christina Burton, McKay Heasley, Jeffrey Humpherys, Jialin Li and controlling inventories in a retail market. We propose a new class of American put option contracts on inventories of retail goods, where the retailer can exercise the option at any time during the contract period

Humpherys, Jeffrey

440

Remanence enhancement in magnetically interacting particles Heliang Qu and Jiang Yu Li*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, which completely characterizes the remanence of magnets if the exchange coupling is negligible of remanence for most permanent magnets, the re- cent development of exchange-spring magnets make the asRemanence enhancement in magnetically interacting particles Heliang Qu and Jiang Yu Li* Department

Li, Jiangyu

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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Loop Recreation for Thread-Level Speculation Lin Gao, Lian Li and Jingling Xue  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Loop Recreation for Thread-Level Speculation Lin Gao, Lian Li and Jingling Xue University of New. This paper presents a novel compiler tech- nique, called loop recreation, to transform a loop into a prologue the concept by giving an algorithm for find- ing an optimal loop recreation with respect to a simple

Xue, Jingling

442

Li-Fraumeni and Related Syndromes: Correlation between Tumor Type, Family Structure, and TP53 Genotype  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Yuille M. A., Mangion J., Eeles R. A. A robust method for detecting...1999. 31 Birch J. M., Alston R. D., McNally R. J., Evans D. G., Kelsey A...Garber J. E., Fraumeni J. F., Jr., Li F. P. Germ-line p53 mutations...

Magali Olivier; David E. Goldgar; Nayanta Sodha; Hiroko Ohgaki; Paul Kleihues; Pierre Hainaut; and Rosalind A. Eeles

443

Strong and ductile nanostructured Cu-carbon nanotube composite Hongqi Li,1,a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Strong and ductile nanostructured Cu-carbon nanotube composite Hongqi Li,1,a Amit Misra,1 Zenji composite grain size 25 nm with high strength and good ductility was developed. Pillar testing reveals properties make CNTs an ideal nanoscale reinforcement to tailor multifunctional composites with optimal

Zhu, Yuntian T.

444

Method for improving voltage regulation of batteries, particularly Li/FeS/sub 2/ thermal batteries  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Batteries are improved, especially with respect to voltage regulation properties, by employing as anode and cathode compositions, those which fall in a thermodynamically invariant region of the metallurgical phase diagram of the combination of the constituent components. The invention is especially useful in the Li/FeS/sub 2/ system.

Godshall, N.A.

1986-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

445

Dynamic control of wind turbines Andrew Kusiak*, Wenyan Li, Zhe Song  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamic control of wind turbines Andrew Kusiak*, Wenyan Li, Zhe Song Department of Mechanical Keywords: Wind turbine Wind energy Data mining Model predictive control Evolutionary computation algorithm Control strategy optimization a b s t r a c t The paper presents an intelligent wind turbine control

Kusiak, Andrew

446

Li Conductivity in LixMPO4 ,,M Mn, Fe, Co, Ni... Olivine Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

diffusivity may become quite relevant. In addition, the role of electrical vs. ionic conductivity is not clear and an estimate for Li diffusion constants, in the absence of electrical conductivity constraints, is made energy barriers to cross between the channels. Without electrical conductivity limitations the intrinsic

Ceder, Gerbrand

447

Re-dispersible Li+ and Eu3+ co-doped CdS nanoparticles: Luminescence studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Re-dispersible CdS, 5 at.% Eu3+-doped CdS, 2 at.% Li+ and 5 at.% Eu3+ co-doped CdS nanoparticles in organic solvent are prepared by ... at a low temperature of 170C. CdS nanoparticles have spherical shape with a...

N. S. Gajbhiye; Raghumani Singh Ningthoujam; Asar Ahmed; D. K. Panda

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Lattice Boltzmann model for binary mixtures Li-Shi Luo1,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lattice Boltzmann model for binary mixtures Li-Shi Luo1, * and Sharath S. Girimaji2, 1 ICASE, Mail 2002 An a priori derivation of the lattice Boltzmann equations for binary mixtures is provided The lattice Boltzmann equation LBE 1­6 is emerging as an effective computational method based on fundamental

Luo, Li-Shi

449

Lattice Boltzmann Method for Computational Fluid Li-Shi Luo1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter 56 Lattice Boltzmann Method for Computational Fluid Dynamics Li-Shi Luo1 , Manfred Krafczyk of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA 1 Theory of The Lattice Boltzmann Equation 651 2 Applications in Computational OF THE LATTICE BOLTZMANN EQUATION The lattice Boltzmann equation (LBE) was proposed more than twenty years ago

Luo, Li-Shi

450

Theory of the lattice Boltzmann method: Lattice Boltzmann models for nonideal gases Li-Shi Luo*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Theory of the lattice Boltzmann method: Lattice Boltzmann models for nonideal gases Li-Shi Luo is presented. This treat- ment provides a unified theory of lattice Boltzmann models for nonideal gases. The lattice Boltzmann equation is systematically obtained by discretizing the Enskog equation in phase space

Luo, Li-Shi

451

ccsd00000540 Production of Long-Lived Ultracold Li 2 Molecules from a Fermi gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and sign of the scattering length. In bosonic samples, the collapse of Bose-Einstein condensates (BEC a Fermi gas J. Cubizolles 1 , T. Bourdel 1 , S. J. J. M. F. Kokkelmans 1 , G.V. Shlyapnikov 1;2;3 and C-bound Li2 molecules from a degenerate two component Fermi gas by sweeping a magnetic #12;eld across

452

Results from Infrared Spectral Observation of 1991 Total Solar Eclipse Hui Li and Jianqi You  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Results from Infrared Spectral Observation of 1991 Total Solar Eclipse Hui Li and Jianqi You Purple and analytical results of infrared spectra (10712°A­10972°A) observed in the total solar eclipse of 1991 July 11 in Mexico. The surface brightness curve, derived from the continua of extreme limb photosphere of flash

Li, Hui

453

Results from Infrared Spectral Observation of 1991 Total Solar Eclipse Hui Li and Jianqi You  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Results from Infrared Spectral Observation of 1991 Total Solar Eclipse Hui Li and Jianqi You Purple and analytical results of infrared spectra (10712 š A--10972 š A) observed in the total solar eclipse of 1991 July 11 in Mexico. The surface brightness curve, derived from the continua of extreme limb photosphere

Li, Hui

454

on behalf of China National Stroke Registry (CNSR) Investigators Wang, Hao Li and Yongjun Wang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on behalf of China National Stroke Registry (CNSR) Investigators Wang, Hao Li and Yongjun Wang Role Interrelationship Among Common Medical Complications After Acute Stroke: Pneumonia Print ISSN. is published by the American Heart Association, 7272 Greenville Avenue, Dallas, TX 75231Stroke doi: 10

Shen, Haipeng

455

EECS: An Energy Efficient Clustering Scheme in Wireless Sensor , Chengfa Li1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

' limited power, innovative techniques that im- prove energy efficiency to prolong the network lifetime lifetime greatly with a chain topology. But the delay is signif- icant although the energy is savedEECS: An Energy Efficient Clustering Scheme in Wireless Sensor Networks Mao Ye1 , Chengfa Li1

Wu, Jie

456

Optical Flow Estimation using Laplacian Mesh Energy Wenbin Li Darren Cosker Matthew Brown Rui Tang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optical Flow Estimation using Laplacian Mesh Energy Wenbin Li Darren Cosker Matthew Brown Rui Tang.p.cosker,m.brown,r.tang}@bath.ac.uk Abstract In this paper we present a novel non-rigid optical flow algorithm for dense image correspondence and non-rigid registration. The algorithm uses a unique Laplacian Mesh Energy term to encourage local

Martin, Ralph R.

457

A high-gain adaptive observer for detecting Li-ion battery terminal voltage collapse  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We use a high-gain adaptive observer and a trend filtering algorithm to detect early stages that lead to terminal voltage collapses in Li-ion batteries. This approach allows accurate detection without having sophisticated battery models. Theoretical ... Keywords: Adaptive filters, Adaptive systems, Detection algorithms, High-gain, Trend

Shayok Mukhopadhyay, Fumin Zhang

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Earth Observations for rapid response to large earthquakes Supervisors: Dr Zhenhong Li and Prof Trevor Hoey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Earth Observations for rapid response to large earthquakes Supervisors: Dr Zhenhong Li and Prof Trevor Hoey School of Geographical and Earth Sciences, University of Glasgow, UK Earthquakes, together of the earth system; they are messengers of the fundamental processes that shape the surface of the Earth

Guo, Zaoyang

459

Block Copolymer Solid Battery Electrolyte with High Li-Ion Transference Number  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Block Copolymer Solid Battery Electrolyte with High Li-Ion Transference Number Ayan Ghosh number TLi+ value of 0.9 at room temperature 21­23°C . The solid-state flexible, translucent polymer of withstanding such high voltage conditions. Unlike traditional liquid electrolytes, solid-state polymer electro

Rubloff, Gary W.

460

Negotiation of Multilateral Security Decisions for Grid Computing Li Zhou Clifford Neuman  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Negotiation of Multilateral Security Decisions for Grid Computing Li Zhou Clifford Neuman Architecture that facilitates the collaboration in making security decisions for grid services. In particular security decisions according to the level of trust among grid service providers. 1. Introduction The grid

Hwang, Kai

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "li liberia ha" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Divalent Iron Nitridophosphates: A New Class of Cathode Materials for Li-Ion Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(4-6) Here we demonstrate the design of a battery cathode material incorporating N3 anions as a distinct structural building block. ... Lithium transition metal phosphates are of interest as storage cathodes for rechargeable Li batteries because of their high energy d., low raw materials cost, environmental friendliness and safety. ... The reversible specific capacities for the cathode and anode active materials were detd. ...

Jue Liu; Xiqian Yu; Enyuan Hu; Kyung-Wan Nam; Xiao-Qing Yang; Peter G. Khalifah

2013-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

462

Toward Harnessing User Feedback For Machine Learning Simone Stumpf, Vidya Rajaram, Lida Li, Margaret Burnett,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Toward Harnessing User Feedback For Machine Learning Simone Stumpf, Vidya Rajaram, Lida Li University School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Corvallis, OR 97331 USA 1 to the learning algorithm. The results show that user feedback has the potential to significantly improve machine

463

Suppression of complete fusion in the Li6+Sm144 reaction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Complete fusion excitation function for the Li6+Sm144 reaction has been measured at near barrier energies by the activation technique. Coupled-channel calculations show an enhancement in fusion cross section at energies below the barrier compared to the one-dimensional barrier penetration model calculation, but they overpredict it in the entire energy range compared to the experimental data. Reduced fusion cross sections for the present system at energies normalized to the Coulomb barrier were also found to be systematically lower than those with strongly bound projectiles forming a similar compound nucleus. These two observations conclusively show that the complete fusion cross section, at above barrier energies, is suppressed by ~32% in the Li6+Sm144 reaction. Reanalyses of existing fusion data for Li7+Ho165 and Li7+Tb159 also show a suppression compared to those with strongly bound projectiles, which contradicts earlier conclusions. The fusion suppression factor seems to exhibit a systematic behavior with respect to the breakup threshold of the projectile and the atomic number of the target nucleus.

P. K. Rath, S. Santra, N. L. Singh, R. Tripathi, V. V. Parkar, B. K. Nayak, K. Mahata, R. Palit, Suresh Kumar, S. Mukherjee, S. Appannababu, and R. K. Choudhury

2009-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

464

Vapor Deposition of Ruthenium from an Amidinate Precursor Huazhi Li,a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vapor Deposition of Ruthenium from an Amidinate Precursor Huazhi Li,a Damon B. Farmer,b Roy G School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA October 11, 2007. Thin films of ruthenium have many current and potential appli- cations. They can be used

465

Vapor Deposition of Ruthenium from an Amidinate Precursor Huazhi Li,a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vapor Deposition of Ruthenium from an Amidinate Precursor Huazhi Li,a Damon B. Farmer,b Roy G. Gordon* ,a Youbo Lin,b Joost Vlassakb a Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology and b School and potential applications. They can be used as electrodes for capacitors, in which their high work function

466

Linking imaging spectroscopy and LiDAR with floristic composition and forest structure in Panama  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Landsat and Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) imagery have recently been used to identify broad-scale floristic units in Neotropical rain forests, corresponding to geological formations and their edaphic properties. Little is known about the structural and functional variation between these floristic units, however, and Landsat and SRTM data lack the spectral and spatial resolution needed to provide this information. Imaging spectroscopy and LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) have been used to measure canopy structure and function in a variety of ecosystems, but the ability of these technologies to measure differences between compositionally-distinct but otherwise uniform tropical forest types remains unknown. We combined 16 tree inventories from central Panama with imaging spectroscopy and LiDAR elevation data from the Carnegie Airborne Observatory to test our ability to identify patterns in plant species composition, and to measure the spectral and structural differences between adjacent closed-canopy tropical forest types. We found that variations in spectroscopic imagery and LiDAR data were strong predictors of spatial turnover in plant species composition. We also found that these compositional, chemical, and structural patterns corresponded to underlying geological formations and their geomorphological properties. We conclude that imaging spectroscopy and LiDAR data can be used to interpret patterns identified in lower resolution sensors, to provide new information on forest function and structure, and to identify underlying determinants of these patterns.

Mark A. Higgins; Gregory P. Asner; Roberta E. Martin; David E. Knapp; Christopher Anderson; Ty Kennedy-Bowdoin; Roni Saenz; Antonio Aguilar; S. Joseph Wright

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Automated Self-Assembly Programming Paradigm: Initial Investigations Lin Li, Natalio Krasnogor, Jon Garibaldi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Automated Self-Assembly Programming Paradigm: Initial Investigations Lin Li, Natalio Krasnogor, Jon This paper presents a model that simulates a self- assembly process for software components. Initial inves- tigations on the Automated Self-Assembly Programming Paradigm (ASAP2 ) is presented whereby software compo

Aickelin, Uwe

468

Parent stars of extrasolar planets XIV. Strong evidence of Li abundance deficit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......to expand our comparison sample used to test whether stars with Doppler-detected giant...The purpose of the present study is to test again the claim that the Li abundances...peer-reviewed literature in order to test the robustness of the results obtained......

G. Gonzalez

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

REVERSIBLE HYDROGEN STORAGE IN A LiBH{sub 4}-C{sub 60} NANOCOMPOSITE  

SciTech Connect

Reversible hydrogen storage in a LiBH{sub 4}:C{sub 60} nanocomposite (70:30 wt. %) synthesized by solvent-assisted mixing has been demonstrated. During the solvent-assisted mixing and nanocomposite formation, a chemical reaction occurs in which the C{sub 60} cages are significantly modified by polymerization as well as by hydrogenation (fullerane formation) in the presence of LiBH{sub 4}. We have determined that two distinct hydrogen desorption events are observed upon rehydrogenation of the material, which are attributed to the reversible formation of a fullerane (C{sub 60}H{sub x}) as well as a LiBH4 species. This system is unique in that the carbon species (C{sub 60}) actively participates in the hydrogen storage process which differs from the common practice of melt infiltration of high surface area carbon materials with LiBH{sub 4} (nanoconfinment effect). This nanocomposite demonstrated good reversible hydrogen storage properties as well as the ability to absorb hydrogen under mild conditions (pressures as low as 10 bar H{sub 2} or temperatures as low as 150?C). The nanocomposite was characterized by TGA-RGA, DSC, XRD, LDI-TOF-MS, FTIR, 1H NMR, and APPI MS.

Teprovich, J.; Zidan, R.; Peters, B.; Wheeler, J.

2013-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

470

Measurements of the Fracture Energy of Lithiated Silicon Electrodes of Li-Ion Batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measurements of the Fracture Energy of Lithiated Silicon Electrodes of Li-Ion Batteries Matt Pharr, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, United States ABSTRACT: We have measured the fracture energy of lithiated, the fracture energy at a second state of charge (at small concentrations of lithium) is measured by determining

Suo, Zhigang

471

1 Measurements of the Fracture Energy of Lithiated Silicon Electrodes 2 of Li-Ion Batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Measurements of the Fracture Energy of Lithiated Silicon Electrodes 2 of Li-Ion Batteries 3 Matt University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, United States 5 ABSTRACT: We have measured the fracture energy parallel. The stress in the electrodes is measured during 10 electrochemical cycling by the substrate

472

Novel Magnesium Alloys Developed for Biomedical Application: A Review Nan Li, Yufeng Zheng*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Novel Magnesium Alloys Developed for Biomedical Application: A Review Nan Li, Yufeng Zheng* State in the development of magnesium alloys both for industrial and biomedical applications. Industrial interest in magnesium alloys is based on strong demand of weight reduction of transportation vehicles for better fuel

Zheng, Yufeng

473

Short communication Ion beam-mixed Ge electrodes for high capacity Li rechargeable batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Short communication Ion beam-mixed Ge electrodes for high capacity Li rechargeable batteries N a Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Florida, 100 Rhines Hall, PO Box 116400, Gainesville, FL 32611-6400, USA b Department of Electronic Materials Engineering, Research School of Physics

Volinsky, Alex A.

474

A novel solid-state self powered neutron detector Nicholas LiCausi*a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Engineering, b Department of Mechanical, Aerospace and Nuclear Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute with 10 B, it releases an -particle and a 7 Li ion; this -particle excites electron-hole- pairs% could be achieved. Along with nuclear and electrical simulations, a highly controllable deep-reactive-ion

Danon, Yaron

475

Structure and magnetic properties of nanophase- LiFe 1.5 P 2 O 7  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The structure and magnetic properties of lithiumiron pyrophosphate i.e. Li 2 Fe 3 ( P 2 O 7 ) 2 or LiFe 1.5 P 2 O 7 synthesized using a facile metal acetate approach for application in lithium-ion batteries are investigated in detail. The high-resolution transmission electron microscopy selected area electron diffraction and x-ray diffraction measurements indicate that Li 2 Fe 3 ( P 2 O 7 ) 2 is crystallized in the monoclinic structure without any indication of crystallographic defects such as dislocations or misfits and exhibit smooth surface morphology. The evaluated lattice parameters are a = 0.698 ? 76 ? nm b = 0.812 ? 36 ? nm c = 0.964 ? 22 ? nm and ? = 111.83 ( P 2 1 / c space group). Infrared spectroscopic measurements indicate the presence of P 2 O 7 groups which are formed by the two PO 4 tetrahedral groups connected together. The magnetic measurements indicate that Li 2 Fe 3 ( P 2 O 7 ) 2 is a weak antiferromagnetic material with T N = 20 ? K exhibiting a Curie constant C p = 3.38 ? emu ? K / mol per Fe ion and a negative value of the Weiss temperature ( ? p = ? 15 ? K ) . The absence of higher valence state Fe impurities and antiferromagnetic interactions due to the greater distance between two equivalent magnetic ions which vanishes the FeOFe superexchange interactions is confirmed.

C. V. Ramana; M. Kopec; A. Mauger; F. Gendron; C. M. Julien

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

SFU LiFeLong Learning 2011/2012 Community Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Learning 2 #12;Appendix 1: Organizational Structure [ 28 ] Appendix 2: Enrolment [ 29 ] Appendix 3: FinanceSFU LiFeLong Learning 2011/2012 Community Report #12;As part of the engaged university, SFU Lifelong Learning takes pride in helping people in our community enhance their lives through education. We

477

A deeper respired carbon pool in the glacial equatorial Pacific Ocean L.I. Bradtmiller a,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A deeper respired carbon pool in the glacial equatorial Pacific Ocean L.I. Bradtmiller a, , R in paleoceanography. We present evidence from ten equatorial Pacific Ocean sediment cores to show that the deep Pacific Ocean likely stored more carbon during the last glacial period than the Holocene

Sachs, Julian P.

478

3D Interactive Room Organizer Eranda De Alwis and Baihua Li  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D Interactive Room Organizer Eranda De Alwis and Baihua Li Department of Computing and Mathematics in position. To resolve the problem, we present the prototype implementation of a web-based 3D interactive to interact with furniture and other elements in the room, and arrange them properly in 3D world. The user can

Li, Baihua

479

Sorption of arsenic by surfactant-modified zeolite and kaolinite Zhaohui Li a,*, Ryan Beachner a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sorption of arsenic by surfactant-modified zeolite and kaolinite Zhaohui Li a,*, Ryan Beachner that a significant increase in arsenate sorption capacity could be achieved as the loading level of hex. At surfactant bilayer coverage, the arsenate sorption capacity reached up to 7 mmol/kg for surfactant

Li, Zhaohui

480

ROM Design and Evaluation against Power Analysis Attack Huiyun Li, Simon Moore  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ROM Design and Evaluation against Power Analysis Attack Huiyun Li, Simon Moore Computer Laboratory consumption of a normal ¢¡£ Read-only Memory(ROM) is simulated in HSPICE. Randomness is later inserted to mask the data-dependent information leakage. A dual-rail version of the ROM is then presented

Moore, Simon

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481

AUDIO TEXTURES Lie Lu, Stan Li, Liu Wenyin, Hong-Jiang Zhang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AUDIO TEXTURES Lie Lu, Stan Li, Liu Wenyin, Hong-Jiang Zhang Microsoft Research China No.49 Zhichun a new audio medium, called audio texture, as a means of synthesizing long audio stream according to a given short example audio clip. The example clip is analyzed, and basic building patterns are extracted

Liu, Wenyin

482

Electronic Origin For The Phase Transition From Amorphous LixSi To Crystalline Li15Si4  

SciTech Connect

Silicon has been widely explored as an anode material for lithium ion battery. Upon lithiation, silicon transforms to amorphous LixSi (a-LixSi) via electrochemical driven solid state amorphization. With increasing lithium concentration, a-LixSi transforms to crystalline Li15Si4 (c-Li15Si4). The mechanism of this crystallization process is not known. In this paper, we report the fundamental characteristics of the phase transition of a-LixSi to c-Li15Si4 using in-situ scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM), electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS), and density function theory (DFT) calculation. We find that when the lithium concentration in a-LixSi reaches a critical value of x = 3.75, the a-Li3.75Si spontaneously and congruently transforms to c-Li15Si4 by a process that is solely controlled by the lithium concentration in the a-LixSi, involving neither large scale atomic migration nor phase separation. DFT calculations indicate that c-Li15Si4 formation is favored over other possible crystalline phases due to the similarity in electronic structure with a-Li3.75Si.

Gu, Meng; Wang, Zhiguo; Connell, Justin G.; Perea, Daniel E.; Lauhon, Lincoln J.; Gao, Fei; Wang, Chong M.

2013-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

483

Effect of MoS{sub 2} on hydrogenation storage properties of LiBH{sub 4}  

SciTech Connect

The hydrogen storage properties of LiBH{sub 4} ball milled with 20 wt% MoS{sub 2} have been investigated. It shows that the LiBH{sub 4} doped with MoS{sub 2} exhibits favorable hydrogenation and dehydrogenation properties in terms of decomposition temperature and hydriding/dehydriding reversibility. The sample with MoS{sub 2} starts to release hydrogen at 230 C and has a decrease of 80 C in contrast with pristine LiBH{sub 4}. Furthermore, for the second cycle, the LiBH{sub 4} with MoS{sub 2} maintains a reversible hydrogen storage capacity of about 8.0 wt% which is almost identical with the first cycle under 5 MPa at 550 C. Analyzed by the XRD and the FTIR results, LiBH{sub 4} can be regenerated after re-hydrogenation under a relatively mild condition by adding MoS{sub 2}. The improvement of the hydrogenation and dehydrogenation properties mainly results from the formation of Li{sub 2}S and MoB{sub 2} during ball milling. -- Graphical abstract: Hydrogen absorption curves of LiBH{sub 4} doped with MoS{sub 2} for five cycles at 400 C. Highlights: The hydrogen absorption capacity is nearly the same for 5 cycles at 400 C. The sample with MoS{sub 2} starts to release hydrogen at 230 C. The coexistence of MoB{sub 2} and Li{sub 2}S catalyzes the decomposition of LiBH{sub 4}.

Liang, Dan [College of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004 (China); Han, Shumin, E-mail: hanshm@ysu.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Metastable Materials Science and Technology, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004 (China); College of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004 (China); Wang, Jiasheng [College of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004 (China); Zhang, Wei [State Key Laboratory of Metastable Materials Science and Technology, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004 (China); College of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004 (China); Zhao, Xin; Zhao, Ziyang [College of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004 (China)

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

484

Electrolyte Solvation and Ionic Association. V. Acetonitrile-Lithium Bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide (LiFSI) Mixtures  

SciTech Connect

Electrolytes with the salt lithium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide (LiFSI) have been evaluated relative to comparable electrolytes with other lithium salts. Acetonitrile (AN) has been used as a model electrolyte solvent. The information obtained from the thermal phase behavior, solvation/ionic association interactions, quantum chemical (QC) calculations and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations (with an APPLE&P many-body polarizable force field for the LiFSI salt) of the (AN)n-LiFSI mixtures provides detailed insight into the coordination interactions of the FSI- anions and the wide variability noted in the electrolyte transport property (i.e., viscosity and ionic conductivity).

Han, Sang D.; Borodin, Oleg; Seo, D. M.; Zhou, Zhi B.; Henderson, Wesley A.

2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

485

The development of low cost LiFePO4-based high power lithium-ion batteries  

SciTech Connect

The cycling performance of low-cost LiFePO4-based high-power lithium-ion cells was investigated and the components were analyzed after cycling to determine capacity fade mechanisms. Pouch type LiFePO4/natural graphite cells were assembled and evaluated by constant C/2 cycling, pulse-power and impedance measurements. From post-test electrochemical analysis after cycling, active materials, LiFePO4 and natural graphite, showed no degradation structurally or electrochemically. The main reasons for the capacity fade of cell were lithium inventory loss by side reaction and possible lithium deposition on the anode.

Shim, Joongpyo; Sierra, Azucena; Striebel, Kathryn A.

2003-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

486

In situ X-ray diffraction study of the lithium excess layered oxide compound Li[Li0.2Ni0.2Mn0.6]O-2 during electrochemical cycling  

SciTech Connect

In situ X-ray diffraction patterns were collected using a laboratory X-ray diffractometer during the first electrochemical charge/discharge cycle of the layered lithium excess compound Li[Li{sub 0.2}Ni{sub 0.2}Mn{sub 0.6}]O{sub 2} in the family of Li[Ni{sub x}Li{sub 1/3 - 2x/3}Mn{sub 2/3 - x/3}]O{sub 2} (x = 1/5). Dynamic changes in peak positions, lattice parameters, and microstrain help to explain the lithium de-intercalation mechanism in this class of materials. Strong anisotropy is observed in the shifts of the lattice parameters during the first cycle. The in situ electrochemical measurement shows dynamically changing strain during the first electrochemical cycle that is explained by known lithium and transition metal (TM) migration mechanisms.

Fell, Christopher [University of Florida, Gainesville; Meng, Ying Shirley [University of California, San Diego; Jones, Jacob [University of Florida

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

In situ X-ray diffraction study of the lithium excess layered oxide compound Li[Li0.2Ni0.2Mn0.6]O2 during electrochemical cycling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In situ X-ray diffraction patterns were collected using a laboratory X-ray diffractometer during the first electrochemical charge/discharge cycle of the layered lithium excess compound Li[Li0.2Ni0.2Mn0.6]O2 in the family of Li[NixLi1/3?2x/3Mn2/3?x/3]O2 (x=1/5). Dynamic changes in peak positions, lattice parameters, and microstrain help to explain the lithium de-intercalation mechanism in this class of materials. Strong anisotropy is observed in the shifts of the lattice parameters during the first cycle. The in situ electrochemical measurement shows dynamically changing strain during the first electrochemical cycle that is explained by known lithium and transition metal (TM) migration mechanisms.

Christopher R. Fell; Miaofang Chi; Ying Shirley Meng; Jacob L. Jones

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

High Rate and High Capacity Li-Ion Electrodes for Vehicular Applications  

SciTech Connect

Significant advances in both energy density and rate capability for Li-ion batteries are necessary for implementation in electric vehicles. We have employed two different methods to improve the rate capability of high capacity electrodes. For example, we previously demonstrated that thin film high volume expansion MoO{sub 3} nanoparticle electrodes ({approx}2 {micro}m thick) have a stable capacity of {approx}630 mAh/g, at C/2 (charge/dicharge in 2 hours). By fabricating thicker conventional electrodes, an improved reversible capacity of {approx}1000 mAh/g is achieved, but the rate capability decreases. To achieve high-rate capability, we applied a thin Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} atomic layer deposition coating to enable the high volume expansion and prevent mechanical degradation. Also, we recently reported that a thin ALD Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} coating can enable natural graphite (NG) electrodes to exhibit remarkably durable cycling at 50 C. Additionally, Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} ALD films with a thickness of 2 to 4 {angstrom} have been shown to allow LiCoO{sub 2} to exhibit 89% capacity retention after 120 charge-discharge cycles performed up to 4.5 V vs. Li/Li{sup +}. Capacity fade at this high voltage is generally caused by oxidative decomposition of the electrolyte or cobalt dissolution. We have recently fabricated full cells of NG and LiCoO{sub 2} and coated both electrodes, one or the other electrode as well as neither electrode. In creating these full cells, we observed some surprising results that lead us to obtain a greater understanding of the ALD coatings. In a different approach we have employed carbon single-wall nanotubes (SWNTs) to synthesize binder-free, high-rate capability electrodes, with 95 wt.% active materials. In one case, Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanorods are employed as the active storage anode material. Recently, we have also employed this method to demonstrate improved conductivity and highly improved rate capability for a LiNi{sub 0.4}Mn{sub 0.4}Co{sub 0.2}O{sub 2} cathode material. Raman spectroscopy was employed to understand how the SWNTs function as a highly flexible conductive additive.

Dillon, A. C.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Li0.93[Li0.21Co0.28Mn0.51]O2 nanoparticles for lithium battery cathode material made by cationic exchange from K-birnessite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Li0.93[Li0.21Co0.28Mn0.51]O2 nanoparticles for lithium battery cathode material made by cationic arising from the Jahn­Teller active Mn3+ ion [6,7]. These cathode mate- rials transformed to a spinel in lithium concentration. The as-prepared cathode particle has plate-like hexagonal morphology with a size

Cho, Jaephil

490

Spray-drying synthesized lithium-excess Li4+xTi5?xO12?? and its electrochemical property as negative electrode material for Li-ion batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Li4Ti5O12 (Fd-3m space group) materials were synthesized by controlling the lithium and titanium ratios (Li/Ti) in the range of 0.8000.900 by using a spray-drying method, followed by calcination at several temperatures between 700 and 900C for large-scale production. Chemical and structure studies of the final products were done by X-ray diffraction (XRD), neutron diffraction (ND), X-ray photon electron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The optimum synthesis condition was examined in relation to the electrochemical characteristics including chargedischarge cycling and ac impedance spectroscopy. It was found that when the spray-drying precursors at the Li/Ti ratio of 0.860 were calcined at 700900C for 12h in air, a pure Li4+xTi5?xO12?? (x=0.060.08) phase with a lithium-excess composition was obtained. Based on the structural studies, it was found that the excess lithium is located at the lithium and titanium layer of the 16d site in the spinel structure (Fd-3m). These pure Li4+xTi5?xO12?? (x=0.060.08) phase materials showed a higher discharge capacity of ?164mAhg?1 at 1.55V (vs. Li/Li+), between the cut-off voltage of 1.23.0, with an excellent cyclability and superior rate performance in comparison with the Li4Ti5O12 phase containing impurity phases.

Daisuke Yoshikawa; Yoshihiro Kadoma; Jung-Min Kim; Koichi Ui; Naoaki Kumagai; Naoto Kitamura; Yasushi Idemoto

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Advanced High Energy Li-Ion Cell for PHEV and EV Applications  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation given by 3M at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about advanced high energy Li-ion cell for PHEV...

492

OpcnGL Extensions and Restrictions for PixclFlo\\v UHivP.rsity or Nor! li Cnrolilla  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.1.1 Example. 7.2 1.~sing Shadns .. 7.2.1 ExamplP. 7.3 Shading API Definitions 7.4 To liP Dmw . . . . . . 8

North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

493

Solving Regular Tree Grammar Based Constraints ? Yanhong A. Liu 1 , Ning Li 2 , and Scott D. Stoller 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solving Regular Tree Grammar Based Constraints ? Yanhong A. Liu 1 , Ning Li 2 , and Scott D and is then simpli#12;ed according to a set of simpli#12;cation rules to produce the solution. Usually

Liu, Yanhong Annie

494

Use of LiDAR to estimate stand characteristics for thinning operations in young Douglas-fir plantations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) has been successfully used to describe a wide range of forest metrics at local, regional and national scales. However, little research has used this technology in young Doug...

Michael S Watt; Andrew Meredith; Pete Watt

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Fabrication procedure for LiMn2O4/Graphite-based Lithium-ion Rechargeable Pouch Cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

was used for the cathode active material and MCMB 10-28 fromcathode electrode for a spinel cell is composed of 81.6% LiMn 2 O 4 active material,

Liu, Gao; Zheng, Honghe; Battaglia, Vincent S.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Resynthesis of LiCo1?xMnxO2 as a cathode material for lithium secondary batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A recycling process involving chemical, mechanical, and electrochemical steps has been applied to recover cobalt from spent lithium ion batteries and resynthesize cathode active materials. LiCo1?xMnxO2...powders ...

Soo-Kyung Kim; Dong-Hyo Yang; Jeong-Soo Sohn

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

ZnWO4 nanocrystals/reduced graphene oxide hybrids: Synthesis and their application for Li ion batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ZnWO4..., as an environment-friendly and economic material, has the potential for Li ion batteries (LIB) application. In this paper,...4 supported on the reduced graphene oxide (RGO) to improve its LIB...4 nanocr...

Xiao Wang; BoLong Li; DaPeng Liu; HuanMing Xiong

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Huge-pressure-induced volume collapse in LiAlH4 and its implications to hydrogen storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A detailed high-pressure study on LiAlH4 has been carried out using the ab initio projected augmented plane-wave method. Application of pressure transforms ?- to ?-LiAlH4 (?-NaAlH4-type structure) at 2.6 GPa with a huge volume collapse of 17%. This abnormal behavior is associated with electronic transition from Al-s to -p states. At 33.8 GPa, a ? to ? transition is predicted from ?-NaAlH4-type to KGaH4-type structure. Up to 40 GPa LiAlH4 remains nonmetallic. The high weight percent of hydrogen, around 22% smaller equilibrium volume, and drastically different bonding behavior than ?-phase indicate that ?-LiAlH4 is expected to be a potential hydrogen storage material.

P. Vajeeston; P. Ravindran; R. Vidya; H. Fjellvg; A. Kjekshus

2003-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

499

Synthesis and electrochemical characterization of LiMn2O4 cathode materials for lithium polymer batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Spinel LiMn2O4 powders with sub-micron, narrow particle-size distribution, and phase-pure particles were synthesized at low temperatures from aqueous solution of metal acetate containing glyoxylic acid as a chela...

Yang-Kook Sun; Dong-Won Kim

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

New data for harmonic generation at 1.31~5.30?m in LiInSe2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper reports the new experimental results for harmonic generation at 1.3108-5.2955?m in LiInSe2 and the new Sellmeier equations that provide a good reproduction of our data...

Kato, Kiyoshi; Petrov, Valentin; Umemura, Nobuhiro