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  1. LG Electronics v. DOE - Defendants' Brief in Opposition to Plaintiff...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of refrigerator-freezers. Memorandum Opinion Document Available for Download LG Electronics v. DOE - Defendants' Brief in Opposition to Plaintiff LG Electronics' Motion for a...

  2. LG: Noncompliance Determination (2014-SE-15011) | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    July 30, 2014 DOE issued a Notice of Noncompliance Determination to LG Electronics USA, Inc. finding that room air conditioner basic model LT143CNR does not comport with the...

  3. LG: Order (2014-SE-15011) | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    October 9, 2014 DOE ordered LG Electronics USA, Inc. to pay a 1,479,860 civil penalty after finding LG had manufactured and distributed in commerce in the U.S. at least 7,438...

  4. LG Electronics Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervar HydroElectric Cooperative(RedirectedChem Ltd JumpDisplayLG

  5. LG: Proposed Penalty (2014-SE-15011) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    September 26, 2014 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that LG Electronics USA, Inc. manufactured and distributed noncompliant room air conditioner basic model...

  6. Approved Module Information for LG2018, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Metropolis Berlin Module Code: LG2018

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neirotti, Juan Pablo

    Approved Module Information for LG2018, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Metropolis Berlin Module Code: LG2018 School: Languages and Social Sciences Module Type: Standard Module New Module? Not Specified Module Credits: 10 Module Management Information Module Leader Name Uwe Schütte Email Address u

  7. LG: Proposed Penalty (2015-CE-14022) | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    January 15, 2015 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that LG Electronics USA, Inc. failed to certify various refrigerator-freezer basic models as compliant with the...

  8. SCH-MGMT 597LG Humanitarian Logistics Spring 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    SCH-MGMT 597LG ­ Humanitarian Logistics and Healthcare Spring 2014 Class Time: Tuesdays of people affected by them. Logistics plays a central role in all phases of disaster management and supporting humanitarian operations. The fundamental task of a logistics system is to deliver the appropriate

  9. SCH-MGMT 597LG Humanitarian Logistics Spring 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    SCH-MGMT 597LG ­ Humanitarian Logistics and Healthcare Spring 2012 Class Time: Tuesdays of people affected by them. Logistics plays a central role in all phases of disaster management and supporting humanitarian operations. The fundamental task of a logistics system is to deliver the appropriate

  10. SCH-MGMT 597LG: Humanitarian Logistics Spring 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    SCH-MGMT 597LG: Humanitarian Logistics and Healthcare Spring 2015 Class Time: Mondays of people affected by them. Logistics plays a central role in all phases of disaster management and supporting humanitarian operations. The fundamental task of a logistics system is to deliver the appropriate

  11. SM Energy-Efficient

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SM 111 Energy-Efficient Energy-Efficient Ventilation for Apartment Buildings #12. These Guides provide clear and practical information on issues related to energy-efficient building retrofits

  12. Voor reacties bijdragen van

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    Volkswagen liet zien hoe alle inkoopproces- sen van de verschillende merken van Volkswagen AG (Volkswagen

  13. LG: Order (2015-CE-14022) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURING OFFICE INDUSTRIALU.S. DepartmentJeanKeyLANLLG: Order (2015-CE-14022) LG: Order

  14. LG Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) Model Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haberman, Ben; Martinez-Baca, Carlos; Rush, Greg

    2013-03-31

    This report presents a summary of the work performed by LG Fuel Cell Systems Inc. during the project LG Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) Model Development (DOE Award Number: DE-FE0000773) which commenced on October 1, 2009 and was completed on March 31, 2013. The aim of this project is for LG Fuel Cell Systems Inc. (formerly known as Rolls-Royce Fuel Cell Systems (US) Inc.) (?LGFCS?) to develop a multi-physics solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) computer code (MPC) for performance calculations of the LGFCS fuel cell structure to support fuel cell product design and development. A summary of the initial stages of the project is provided which describes the MPC requirements that were developed and the selection of a candidate code, STAR-CCM+ (CD-adapco). This is followed by a detailed description of the subsequent work program including code enhancement and model verification and validation activities. Details of the code enhancements that were implemented to facilitate MPC SOFC simulations are provided along with a description of the models that were built using the MPC and validated against experimental data. The modeling work described in this report represents a level of calculation detail that has not been previously available within LGFCS.

  15. Broadband Lg Attenuation Modeling in the Middle East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pasyanos, M E; Matzel, E M; Walter, W R; Rodgers, A J

    2008-08-21

    We present a broadband tomographic model of Lg attenuation in the Middle East derived from source- and site-corrected amplitudes. Absolute amplitude measurements are made on hand-selected and carefully windowed seismograms for tens of stations and thousands of crustal earthquakes resulting in excellent coverage of the region. A conjugate gradient method is used to tomographically invert the amplitude dataset of over 8000 paths over a 45{sup o} x 40{sup o} region of the Middle East. We solve for Q variation, as well as site and source terms, for a wide range of frequencies ranging from 0.5-10 Hz. We have modified the standard attenuation tomography technique to more explicitly define the earthquake source expression in terms of the seismic moment. This facilitates the use of the model to predict the expected amplitudes of new events, an important consideration for earthquake hazard or explosion monitoring applications. The attenuation results have a strong correlation to tectonics. Shields have low attenuation, while tectonic regions have high attenuation, with the highest attenuation at 1 Hz is found in eastern Turkey. The results also compare favorably to other studies in the region made using Lg propagation efficiency, Lg/Pg amplitude ratios and two-station methods. We tomographically invert the amplitude measurements for each frequency independently. In doing so, it appears the frequency-dependence of attenuation is not compatible with the power law representation of Q(f), an assumption that is often made.

  16. Approved Module Information for LG2025, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: The Legacy of National Socialism Module Code: LG2025

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neirotti, Juan Pablo

    Approved Module Information for LG2025, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: The Legacy of National Socialism Module Code: LG2025 School: Languages and Social Sciences Module Type: Standard Module New Module? Not Specified Module Credits: 10 Module Management Information Module Leader Name Uwe Schütte Email Address u

  17. Approved Module Information for LG3015, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: East Germany on Film Module Code: LG3015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neirotti, Juan Pablo

    Approved Module Information for LG3015, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: East Germany on Film Module Code: LG3015 School: Languages and Social Sciences Module Type: Standard Module New Module? No Module Credits: 10 Module Management Information Module Leader Name Claudia Gremler Email Address c

  18. Approved Module Information for LG3013, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: German-Jewish Biographies Module Code: LG3013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neirotti, Juan Pablo

    Approved Module Information for LG3013, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: German-Jewish Biographies Module Code: LG3013 School: Languages and Social Sciences Module Type: Standard Module New Module? Not Specified Module Credits: 10 Module Management Information Module Leader Name Gertrud Reershemius Email

  19. LG to DOE General Counsel; Re:Request for Comment on Large Capacity...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Capacity Clothes Washers LG response to DOE's request for information regarding alternative test procedures for large-capacity clothes washer models, December 7, 2010. After...

  20. U.S. District Court Upholds DOE's Action Against LG to Enforce...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    LG refrigerator-freezers. Throughout the proceedings, DOE maintained the government's right to enforce the energy efficiency requirements associated with the ENERGY STAR...

  1. TREKiSM Issue 37 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1984-01-01

    •••• This is gold. Kirk is perfect, Spock Is bon san d p 0 s tag (~, 0 f course. GET WELL W1Sr-I[S to Lilld(] C. Brown, who's now back clt work folJowj'lg surgcl'y, fucing a...

  2. LG Electronics U.S.A. v. DOE, Stipulation of Voluntary Dismissal

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    LG Electronics U.S.A., Inc. v. U.S. Dept. of Energy, Civil Action Number 1:09-cv-02297-JDB - LG voluntarily dismissed its claims against the DOE and agrees to remove the ENERGY STAR labels from various refrigerator-freezers.

  3. Lg excitation, attenuation, and source spectral scaling in central and eastern North America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mitchell, B.J.; Xie, J.; Baqer, S.

    1997-10-01

    Seismic moments and corner frequencies were obtained for many earthquakes in the central and eastern United States, and for a few events in the western United States, using the Lg phase and a recently developed inversion algorithm. Additionally, Q values for the Lg phase along paths to individual stations were obtained simultaneously with the source parameters. Both corner frequencies and magnitudes were found to vary systematically with moment. For moments between 0.15 and 400 x 10{sup 15} N-m corner frequencies vary between about 4 and 0.2 Hz while body-wave magnitude varies between about 3.5 and 5.8. A map of Lg Q values displays a systematic decrease from east and west. Maximum and minimum values are 989 and 160, respectively. Lg coda Q values were obtained for the entire United States with excellent coverage in the eastern and western portions of the country and somewhat poorer coverage in the central portion. Lg coda Q is highest (700-750) in a region of the northeastern United States that includes portions of New York and Pennsylvania and lowest (>200) in California. Lg coda Q is lower (250-450) everywhere west of Rocky Mountains than in the rest of the country (450-750). Q determinations for both the direct Lg phase and Lg coda indicate that, for an earthquake of a given magnitude, Lg and its coda will propagate much more efficiently, and cause damage over a wider area, in the eastern and central United States than it will in the United States.

  4. Van Hove's Birthday

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25

    "Happy Birthday Léon!" Plusieurs orateurs rendent hommage à L.Van Hove et son travail à l'occasion de son 65me anniversaire. A la fin remerciements de L.Van Hove.

  5. Approved Module Information for LG1011, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: The German Language -Past and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neirotti, Juan Pablo

    Approved Module Information for LG1011, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: The German Language - Past and Present Module Code: LG1011 School: Languages and Social Sciences Module Type: Standard Module New Module? No Module Credits: 10 Module Management Information Module Leader Name Gertrud Reershemius Email Address g

  6. Approved Module Information for LG1038, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Introduction to the German-speaking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neirotti, Juan Pablo

    Approved Module Information for LG1038, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Introduction to the German-speaking Countries Module Code: LG1038 School: Languages and Social Sciences Module Type: Standard Module New Module? Not Specified Module Credits: 10 Module Management Information Module Leader Name Uwe Schütte Email Address u

  7. Van Expo 58 Fernand Mortelmans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Jesse

    causa uit aan Claude Mandil, voormalig directeur van het Internationaal Energieagentschap (IEA). Met dit rol van het IEA en het werk van Claude Mandil in het bijzonder. Ingenieur Claude Mandil kreeg zijn Director van het IEA van februari 2003 tot september 2007. In die periode is hij erin geslaagd om het IEA

  8. Sierra/SM theory manual.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crane, Nathan Karl

    2013-07-01

    Presented in this document are the theoretical aspects of capabilities contained in the Sierra/SM code. This manuscript serves as an ideal starting point for understanding the theoretical foundations of the code. For a comprehensive study of these capabilities, the reader is encouraged to explore the many references to scientific articles and textbooks contained in this manual. It is important to point out that some capabilities are still in development and may not be presented in this document. Further updates to this manuscript will be made as these capabilites come closer to production level.

  9. Hylke van Dijk Democratic processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hylke van Dijk Democratic processing #12;Democratic processing Mastering the complexity, in het openbaar te verdedigen op maandag 22 november 2004 om 13:00 uur door Hijlke Watze VAN DIJK Dijk, H.W. van Democratic processing: Mastering the complexity of communicating systems H.W. van Dijk

  10. Distinguishing a SM-like MSSM Higgs boson from SM Higgs boson at muon collider

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jai Kumar Singhal; Sardar Singh; Ashok K Nagawat

    2005-07-26

    We explore the possibility of distinguishing the SM-like MSSM Higgs boson from the SM Higgs boson via Higgs boson pair production at future muon collider. We study the behavior of the production cross section in SM and MSSM with Higgs boson mass for various choices of MSSM parameters tan \\beta and m\\sub A. We observe that at fixed CM energy, in the SM, the total cross section increases with the increase in Higgs boson mass whereas this trend is reversed for the MSSM case. The changes that occur for the MSSM case in comparison to the SM predictions are quantified in terms of the relative percentage deviation in cross section. The observed large deviations in cross section for different choices of Higgs mass suggest that the measurements of the cross section could possibly distinguish the SM-like MSSM Higgs boson from the SM Higgs boson.

  11. Synthesis and luminescent properties of spindle-like CaWO{sub 4}:Sm{sup 3+} phosphors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tian, Yue [College of Life Science, Dalian Nationalities University, Dalian, Liaoning 116600 (China) [College of Life Science, Dalian Nationalities University, Dalian, Liaoning 116600 (China); Department of Physics, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian, Liaoning 116026 (China); Liu, Yu [Faculty of Chemical, Environmental and Biological Science and Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, Liaoning 116024 (China)] [Faculty of Chemical, Environmental and Biological Science and Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, Liaoning 116024 (China); Hua, Ruinian, E-mail: rnhua@dlnu.edu.cn [College of Life Science, Dalian Nationalities University, Dalian, Liaoning 116600 (China)] [College of Life Science, Dalian Nationalities University, Dalian, Liaoning 116600 (China); Na, Liyan [College of Life Science, Dalian Nationalities University, Dalian, Liaoning 116600 (China)] [College of Life Science, Dalian Nationalities University, Dalian, Liaoning 116600 (China); Chen, Baojiu, E-mail: chenmbj@sohu.com [Department of Physics, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian, Liaoning 116026 (China)] [Department of Physics, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian, Liaoning 116026 (China)

    2012-01-15

    Graphical abstract: In this paper, spindle-like CaWO{sub 4}:Sm{sup 3+} phosphors were prepared via a polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)-assisted sonochemical process. Dependence of emission intensity on Sm{sup 3+} ions concentration in the CaWO{sub 4}:Sm{sup 3+} phosphor were also calculated via a nonlinear fitting by using the formula y = ax/(1 + bx{sup c}). Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The samples were prepared via a PVP assisted sonochemical process. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The color coordinates for 1 mol% Sm{sup 3+} doped CaWO{sub 4} phosphor were calculated. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The D-D interaction is responsible for concentration quenching between Sm{sup 3+} ions. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The critical energy transfer distances (R{sub c}) were obtained. -- Abstract: Spindle-like CaWO{sub 4}:Sm{sup 3+} phosphors were prepared via a Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)-assisted sonochemical process, and characterized by using X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) and photoluminescence spectroscopy (PL). The XRD results suggested that the prepared samples are single-phase. The FE-SEM images indicated that the prepared CaWO{sub 4}:Sm{sup 3+} phosphors are composed of many spindles with maximum average diameter of 150 nm and maximum average length of 500 nm. Under 404 nm excitation, the characteristic emissions corresponding to {sup 4}G{sub 5/2} {yields} {sup 6}H{sub J} (J = 5/2, 7/2, 9/2 and 11/2) transitions of Sm{sup 3+} in CaWO{sub 4} phosphors were observed. The color coordinates for 1 mol% Sm{sup 3+} doped CaWO{sub 4} phosphor were calculated to be (0.595, 0.404). The fluorescent concentration quenching of Sm{sup 3+} doped spindle-like phosphors was studied based on the Van Uitert's model, and it was found that the electric dipole-dipole (D-D) interaction is the dominant energy transfer mechanism between Sm{sup 3+} ions in the CaWO{sub 4}:Sm{sup 3+} phosphors. The critical energy transfer distance was estimated.

  12. Wim van Dam CURRICULUM VITAE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    Wim van Dam CURRICULUM VITAE Department of Computer Science Work: +1-805-893 5211 Harold Frank Hall in physics. #12;Curriculum Vitae Wim van Dam, June 2008 2 PUBLICATIONS Journal and Conference Articles [1] "Quantum Algorithms for Algebraic Problems", Andrew M. Childs and Wim van Dam, to appear in Reviews

  13. High spin states in {sup 143}Sm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Raut, R.; Ganguly, S.; Kshetri, R.; Banerjee, P.; Bhattacharya, S.; Dasmahapatra, B.; Mukherjee, A.; Mukherjee, G.; Sarkar, M. Saha; Goswami, A.; Gangopadhyay, G.; Mukhopadhyay, S.; Krishichayan,; Chakraborty, A.; Ghughre, S. S.; Bhattacharjee, T.; Basu, S. K. [Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics 1/AF Bidhannagar, Kolkata-700064 (India); Department of Physics, University of Calcutta 92, A.P.C Rd. Kolkata-700009 (India); UGC-DAE Consortium for Scientific Research LB-8, Sector III, Bidhannagar, Kolkata-700098 (India); Variable Energy Cyclotron Center 1/AF Bidhannagar, Kolkata-700064 (India)

    2006-04-15

    The high spin states of {sup 143}Sm have been studied by in-beam {gamma}-spectroscopy following the reaction {sup 130}Te({sup 20}Ne,7n){sup 143}Sm at E{sub lab}=137 MeV, using a Clover detector array. More than 50 new gamma transitions have been placed above the previously known J{sup {pi}}=23/2{sup -}, 30 ms isomer at 2795 keV. The level scheme of {sup 143}Sm has been extended up to 12 MeV and spin-parity assignments have been made to most of the newly proposed level. Theoretical calculation with the relativistic mean field approach using blocked BCS method, has been performed. A sequence of levels connected by M1 transitions have been observed at an excitation energy {approx}8.6 MeV. The sequence appears to be a magnetic rotational band from systematics.

  14. A SM Singlet Scalar as Dark Matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tonatiuh Matos; Ricardo Lopez-Fernandez

    2014-03-20

    In this work we investigate the possibility that a simple extension of the Standard Model (SM) can be the dark matter of the universe. We postulate the existence of a scalar field singlet like the Higgs as an extra term in the SM Lagrangian. We find that from the astrophysical point of view a very small mass and self-interaction is more convenient to agree with observations and from particle detectors observations we do not see any essential constrain to this settings. Thus, we conclude that a scalar field singlet with a small mass and self-interaction is a good candidate to be the nature of the dark matter.

  15. arXiv:0903.3329v1[cs.LG]19Mar2009 Optimal Policies Search for Sensor Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Del Moral , Pierre

    complex sensor(s)-based systems which supply the decision centers with an increasing amount of data) Radar to propose management scheme during the detection step. In [7]­[9] an information-based approacharXiv:0903.3329v1[cs.LG]19Mar2009 Optimal Policies Search for Sensor Management : Application

  16. arXiv:cs.LG/0511011v12Nov2005 The Impact of Social Networks on Multi-Agent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saia, Jared

    arXiv:cs.LG/0511011v12Nov2005 The Impact of Social Networks on Multi-Agent Recommender Systems University of New Mexico Albuquerque, NM 2 Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, NM Abstract. Awerbuch et consider the impact of an explicit communication network in a DRS with requirements similar to [5

  17. Abe Van Luik

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsicloudden Documentation DataStreamsTotalproposals INITIATEDAbdelhalim AmerAbe Van Luik

  18. Evaluation of the exothermicity of the chemi-ionization reaction Sm + O ? SmO{sup +} + e{sup ?}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cox, Richard M; Kim, JungSoo; Armentrout, P. B. E-mail: mheaven@emory.edu; Bartlett, Joshua; VanGundy, Robert A.; Heaven, Michael C. E-mail: mheaven@emory.edu; Ard, Shaun G.; Shuman, Nicholas S.; Viggiano, Albert A. E-mail: mheaven@emory.edu; Melko, Joshua J.

    2015-04-07

    The exothermicity of the chemi-ionization reaction Sm + O ? SmO{sup +} + e{sup ?} has been re-evaluated through the combination of several experimental methods. The thermal reactivity (300–650 K) of Sm{sup +} and SmO{sup +} with a range of species measured using a selected ion flow tube-mass spectrometer apparatus is reported and provides limits for the bond strength of SmO{sup +}, 5.661 eV ? D{sub 0}(Sm{sup +}-O) ? 6.500 eV. A more precise value is measured to be 5.72{sub 5} ± 0.07 eV, bracketed by the observed reactivity of Sm{sup +} and SmO{sup +} with several species using a guided ion beam tandem mass spectrometer (GIBMS). Combined with the established Sm ionization energy (IE), this value indicates an exothermicity of the title reaction of 0.08 ± 0.07 eV, ?0.2 eV smaller than previous determinations. In addition, the ionization energy of SmO has been measured by resonantly enhanced two-photon ionization and pulsed-field ionization zero kinetic energy photoelectron spectroscopy to be 5.7427 ± 0.0006 eV, significantly higher than the literature value. Combined with literature bond energies of SmO, this value indicates an exothermicity of the title reaction of 0.14 ± 0.17 eV, independent from and in agreement with the GIBMS result presented here. The evaluated thermochemistry also suggests that D{sub 0}(SmO) = 5.83 ± 0.07 eV, consistent with but more precise than the literature values. Implications of these results for interpretation of chemical release experiments in the thermosphere are discussed.

  19. Estimation of Sm-151 from measured Pm-147

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dewberry, R.A.

    1988-08-25

    The attached procedure is a derivation to estimate Sm-151 activity in DWPF glass product and glass melter feed samples. Sm-151 is one of the radioactive fission product species in the glass product which will contribute greater than 0.05% of the total activity, and thus its content must be reported. We will not routinely perform elemental separation of Sm from Pm in the DWPF samples as they are received, but rather will report the Sm-151 activity as a constant fraction of the measured Pm-147 activity. Since Sm-151 decays with a 76 kev ..beta..-endpoint energy and is difficult to chemically separate from Pm, the direct measurement of Sm-151 content is technically very difficult. This document derives the multiplicative constant which will be used to estimate Sm-151 content from measured Pm-147 content, and the error which will be reported for each sample. A rigorous separation of Sm from Pm will be performed on selected samples to assure that the routine DWPF samples do not contain Sm-151/Pm-147 relative activities which deviate from the relationship derived here. Since both Sm-151 and Pm-147 can both be considered to be direct fission products with no other production pathway contributing, their relative production rate can be estimated from the U-235 fission yield curve. Ignoring burnup by neutron capture in a reactor irradiation, the relative activities of the two species is a function only of the decay rates. Sm-151 activity can then be estimated from measured Pm-147 activity, if some knowledge of irradiation time and decay time is available. The attached procedure explains the derivation and discusses the error obtained in the estimation.

  20. The THESIS: SM or PhD Professor Leslie Kolodziejski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leiserson, Charles E.

    The THESIS: SM or PhD Professor Leslie Kolodziejski Graduate Officer 2 April 2015 #12;Discussion: i. Journey to the Thesis ii. Proposal: SM/PhD ii. Thesis Definition iii. Elements of a Thesis iv. Archives and Thesis Assistance v. Degree Lists and Final Details #12;Journey to the Thesis complete body of research

  1. Research data roadmap JN/SM April 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stevenson, Paul

    Research data roadmap JN/SM April 2012 1 Research Data Management Roadmap to 2015 #12;Research data roadmap JN/SM April 2012 2 Managing Research Data: Implementation Roadmap Introduction Universities of the work planned in this roadmap. The exact data management requirements of each of the research councils

  2. Scleractinian Taxonomy R. van Woesik

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Woesik, Robert

    Scleractinian Taxonomy R. van Woesik Introduction In view of the above title this paper may appear dry, yet the classification of hard corals (scleractinian taxonomy) is at the very foundation on the species concept. This paper describes taxonomy of corals from a classical viewpoint by using distinct

  3. Electroplating hard magnetic SmCo for magnetic microactuator applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen Jue; Rissing, Lutz [Institute for Micro Production Technology, Center for Production Technology, Leibniz Universitaet Hannover, An der Universitaet 2, 30823 Garbsen (Germany)

    2011-04-01

    Patterned SmCo thin films were electroplated from an aqueous solute containing glycine by using dc and pulse dc current on the beaker level. Micromolds prepared by photolithography allow an accurate pattern transfer for patterned deposition of the material. A flux guide of a magnetic microactuator was chosen as a pattern, and Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} was used as the substrate. Au and Cr were investigated as seed layer materials. The content of Sm in the SmCo films is strongly dependent on the applied cathodic current density. A relative Sm content of up to 13.8 at. % could be determined by energy dispersive x-ray (EDX) spectroscopy. The SmCo thin films were annealed at 560 deg. C in a vacuum oven. Vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) measurements were applied to characterize the magnetic properties. This film features hard magnetic properties with an intrinsic coercivity H{sub ci} of up to 44 kA/m. Electron probe microanalysis (EPMA) measurements showed that up to 40 at. % of O may be integrated in these films. The phases in the deposited films were determined by applying X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements. These films consist of a mixture of SmCo alloy, Sm oxide, and Co.

  4. Friedrich: ENERGY STAR Referral (SM18M30)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE referred the matter of Friedrich room air conditioner model SM18M30 to the EPA for appropriate action after DOE testing showed that the model does not meet the ENERGY STAR specification.

  5. Discovery of a metastable Al20Sm4 phase

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Ye, Z.; Zhang, F.; Sun, Y.; Mendelev, M. I.; Ott, R. T.; Park, E.; Besser, M. F.; Kramer, M. J.; Ding, Z.; Wang, C. -Z.; et al

    2015-03-09

    In this study, we present an efficient genetic algorithm, integrated with experimental diffraction data, to solve a nanoscale metastable Al20Sm4 phase that evolves during crystallization of an amorphous magnetron sputtered Al90Sm10 alloy. The excellent match between calculated and experimental X-ray diffraction patterns confirms an accurate description of this metastable phase. Molecular dynamic simulations of crystal growth from the liquid phase predict the formation of disordered defects in the devitrified crystal.

  6. Measurement of (n,a) reactions on 147 Sm using a lead

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danon, Yaron

    Measurement of (n,a) reactions on 147 Sm and 149 Sm using a lead slowing-down spectrometer J December 2011 Accepted 4 January 2012 Available online 12 January 2012 Keywords: (n,a) Lead slowing-down spectrometer Digitizer Compensated detectors Samarium Sm-147 Sm-149 a b s t r a c t The lead slowing

  7. S.Van der Meer tribute

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25

    Plusieurs intervenants rendent hommage à Simon Van der Meer né en 1925 à La Haye NL et prix nobel de physique en 1984

  8. Samenvatting Het onderwerp van deze thesis situeert zich in de numerische studie van

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Sterck, Hans

    neutraal gas wegens electromagnetische e#11;ecten. Electrische en magnetische velden oefenen anisotropische magnetische e#11;ecten op the topologie van boogschokstromingen bestudeerd via numerische si- mulaties van MHD parabolo#16;de objecten (Fig. 7.1). Deze abstracte context laat toe van de fundamentele fysische e#11

  9. 2A New Belt for the Van Allen Belts! Soon after launch, NASA's Van Allen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2A New Belt for the Van Allen Belts! Soon after launch, NASA's Van Allen Probes detected a new Third Belt in the Van Allen Radiation Belts that encircle Earth. Located between the Inner and Outer Belts, which have been known to scientists for decades, the third belt is very temporary. It only

  10. On Quantum Computation Theory Wim van Dam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koolen, Marijn

    On Quantum Computation Theory Wim van Dam #12;#12;On Quantum Computation Theory #12;ILLC woensdag 9 oktober 2002, te 14.00 uur door Willem Klaas van Dam geboren te Breda. #12;Promotor: Prof. dr. P Dam, 2002 ISBN: 90­5776­091­6 #12;" . . . Many errors have been made in the world which today

  11. Use of Sm-123 + Sm-211 Mixed-powder Buffers to Assist the Growth of SmBCO and ZrO2-doped SmBCO Single Grain, Bulk Superconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Wen; Shi, Yunhua; Dennis, Anthony R.; Cardwell, David A.

    2014-12-18

    motorized pestle and mortar was used to mix thoroughly powders of composition (75 wt% Sm-123 + 25 wt% Sm-211) + 2 wt% BaO2 + 1 wt% CeO2, prior to being pressed uniaxially under a pressure of 1.5 tons into a green pre-form (pellet-like) with diameters... of 20 mm and 25 mm and thicknesses of 9 mm and 12.5 mm (each pellet shrinks to about 80 % of its original size after TSMG, corresponding to as processed dimensions of 16 mm and 20 mm diameter and 7 mm and 10 mm thickness). Doped green pellets were...

  12. Judith Dijk, Michael van Ginkel, Rutger J. van Asselt, Lucas J. van Vliet, Piet W. Verbeek, A new sharpness measure based on Gaussian lines and edges, in E.F. Deprettere et al. (eds), ASCI2002, Proc.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Lucas J.

    Judith Dijk, Michael van Ginkel, Rutger J. van Asselt, Lucas J. van Vliet, Piet W. Verbeek, A new, 2002, 39-43. A new sharpness measure based on Gaussian lines and edges Judith Dijk, Michael van Ginkel

  13. Blue Choice New EnglandSM Summary of Benefits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aalberts, Daniel P.

    Blue Choice New EnglandSM Summary of Benefits Williams College An Association of Independent Blue Cross and Blue Shield Plans This health plan meets Minimum Creditable Coverage Standards Reform Law. #12;Your Care Your Primary Care Provider. When you enroll in Blue Choice New England, you

  14. Searches for Beyond SM Higgs Boson at the Tevatron

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Safonov, A.; /Texas A-M

    2006-05-01

    In the following, the authors describe preliminary results of searches for non-SM higgs bosons at the CDF and D0 experiments. Both experiments use data obtained in p{bar p} collisions at the Tevatron at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV.

  15. 2004 AGU Fall Meeting SM42A-05 Hemispheric Asymmetries in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fillingim, Matthew

    2004 AGU Fall Meeting SM42A-05 Hemispheric Asymmetries in the Dayside Aurora M. O. Fillingim, M of California, Berkeley Southern Hemisphere Polar UVI Northern Hemisphere IMAGE WIC #12;2004 AGU Fall Meeting SM #12;2004 AGU Fall Meeting SM42A-05 Introduction (cont'd) Previous conjugate observations limited

  16. Self-nanoscaling of the soft magnetic phase in bulk SmCo/Fe nanocomposite magnets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, J. Ping

    in high power density applications, such as wind power turbines and electric motors in hybrid vehicles that these excellent properties are achieved at a low cost. Sm­Co intermetallic compounds (including SmCo5, Sm2Co17)max, the figure of merit of a permanent magnet. To reduce the materials costs, it is desirable to lower

  17. Center for Climate Systems Modeling Center for Climate Systems Modeling (C2SM)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischlin, Andreas

    C2SM Center for Climate Systems Modeling Contact Center for Climate Systems Modeling (C2SM) Dr of the Earth's weather and climate.» Nicolas Gruber, Chair C2SM Partner institutions · ETH Zurich: Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich · MeteoSwiss: Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology · Empa

  18. COMMUNITYMAGAZINE VAN DE UGENT De duurzaamheidsvisie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gent, Universiteit

    ;2 DURF DENKEN 3D-PRINTING `CREATIVITEIT WORDT WERKELIJKHEID, LAAG NA LAAG' #12;3 Studenten laten maken. We onderzoeken nu ook hoe we 3D-printing kunnen inzetten in de productie van kleine reeksen

  19. Thomas Van Dam Principal, Nichols Consulting Engineers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Van Dam Principal, Nichols Consulting Engineers Transportation Research Group TVanDam-cost, widespread availability, versatility, and hallmark longevity, hydraulic cement concrete (HCC) is the most in a variety of applications, including bridges, hydraulic structures, retaining walls, barriers, curbs

  20. Spectral investigations of Sm{sup 3+}-doped oxyfluorosilicate glasses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramachari, D. [Department of Physics, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati 517502 (India); Rama Moorthy, L., E-mail: lrmphysics@yahoo.co.in [Department of Physics, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati 517502 (India); Department of Physics, Chadalawada Ramanamma Engineering College, Renigunta Road, Tirupati 517506 (India); Jayasankar, C.K. [Department of Physics, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati 517502 (India)

    2013-09-01

    Graphical abstract: The figure shows the emission spectra of Sm{sup 3+} doped KNSZL glass for different concentrations. Among the four emission transitions {sup 4}G{sub 5/2} ? {sup 6}H{sub 5/2}, {sup 4}G{sub 5/2} ? {sup 6}H{sub 7/2}, {sup 4}G{sub 5/2} ? {sup 6}H{sub 9/2} and {sup 4}G{sub 5/2} ? {sup 6}H{sub 11/2}, the {sup 4}G{sub 5/2} ? {sup 6}H{sub 7/2} transition of KNSZLSm10 glass is more intense compared with all the transitions. The insert figure shows, the color coordinates (0.59, 0.41) of KNSZLSm10 glass is located on the perimeter of the chromaticity diagram at 592 nm which appears to be closest to the orange color. From these results the KNSZLSm10 glass could be useful for optical amplifiers, waveguides, telecommunications and orange LEDs. - Highlights: • From the DTA, the undoped KNSZL glass more precisely in fiberdrawing. • The XRD pattern confirmed the KNbO{sub 3} nanocrystallites of undoped KNSZL glass. • FTIR and Raman data of KNSZLSm10 glass revealed structural properties. • Judd–Ofelt analysis and decay measurements were carried out. • The optical gain parameter of the investigated glass is 18.13 × 10{sup ?25} cm{sup 2} s. - Abstract: Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3}-doped oxyfluorosilicate glasses were prepared by melt-quenching method. The differential thermal analysis and X-ray diffraction were carried out to investigate the glass transition temperature and structure of precursor glass. Infrared spectroscopy, Raman, optical absorption, photoluminescence and decay measurements were carried out for Sm{sup 3+}-doped oxyfluorosilicate glasses. From the absorption spectrum, the Judd–Ofelt intensity parameters have been evaluated to predict the radiative properties for the emission levels of Sm{sup 3+} ions. The lifetimes of {sup 4}G{sub 5/2} level are found to decrease from 1.17 to 0.93 ms due to the energy transfer, when the concentration of Sm{sup 3+} ions increases from 0.1 to 2.0 mol%. The optical gain parameter (18.13 × 10{sup ?25} cm{sup 2} s) of the investigated glass is found to be higher than the other Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3}-doped glass systems.

  1. L:LCB:lg

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth DakotaRobbins and MyersHr. Anthony V. Andolina:I 1 ' ,L

  2. Statview, een overzicht van een aantal faciliteiten 1. aanmaken van kolommen en invoeren van data. De gegevens worden georganiseerd in kolommen. Een nieuwe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Groen, Pieter

    volgens dezelfde regels) als het cirkeltje in het scattergram. ­ Pie Chart (Taartdiagram) Als frequency vertikale variabele. ­ Bar Chart (Staafdiagram) Als frequency distribution in het describe-menu gekozen is vorm van sectoren van een cirkel. ­ Line Chart (Grafiek van een funktie) Als in een scattergram, maar

  3. CTHB Mentorship group of 2011. Back Row (left to right): Markus Wilken, Angelique du Preez, Brigitte Van Dyk, Shaun van der Walt, Ethan Besaans. Third row: Tanweer Mahomed, Danielle Roodt, Estine Theron, Wilke

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Brigitte Van Dyk, Shaun van der Walt, Ethan Besaans. Third row: Tanweer Mahomed, Danielle Roodt, Estine

  4. FLIPIT: The Game of "Stealthy Takeover" Marten van Dijk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    FLIPIT: The Game of "Stealthy Takeover" Marten van Dijk Ari Juels Alina Oprea Ronald L. Rivest, Cambridge, MA, USA; e-mail: Marten.VanDijk@rsa.com RSA Laboratories, Cambridge, MA, USA; e-mail: ari

  5. Kunststoffen Theorie en praktijk van de moderne polymeertechnologie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    met de medewerking van de firma's Atlas Copco, BASF, GE Plastics, Solvay, UCB, en het Vlaams construeren met en de processing van polymeren. Prof. Dr. ir. Gustaaf Schoukens Vakgroep Mechanische

  6. Surface state reconstruction in ion-damaged SmB?

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Wakeham, N.; Wang, Y. Q.; Fisk, Z.; Ronning, F.; Thompson, J. D.

    2015-02-01

    We have used ion-irradiation to damage the (001) surfaces of SmB? single crystals to varying depths, and have measured the resistivity as a function of temperature for each depth of damage. We observe a reduction in the residual resistivity with increasing depth of damage. Our data are consistent with a model in which the surface state is not destroyed by the ion-irradiation, but instead the damaged layer is poorly conducting and the initial surface state is reconstructed below the damage. This behavior is consistent with a surface state that is topologically protected.

  7. Variable temperature electrochemical strain microscopy of Sm-doped ceria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jesse, Stephen; Morozovska, A. N.; Kalinin, Sergei V; Eliseev, E. A.; Yang, Nan; Doria, Sandra; Tebano, Antonello

    2013-01-01

    Variable temperature electrochemical strain microscopy has been used to study the electrochemical activity of Sm-doped ceria as a function of temperature and bias. The electrochemical strain microscopy hysteresis loops have been collected across the surface at different temperatures and the relative activity at different temperatures has been compared. The relaxation behavior of the signal at different temperatures has been also evaluated to relate kinetic process during bias induced electrochemical reactions with temperature and two different kinetic regimes have been identified. The strongly non-monotonic dependence of relaxation behavior on temperature is interpreted as evidence for water-mediated mechanisms.

  8. Seismic stratigraphy of Lake Van, eastern Turkey Deniz Cukur a, *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    Seismic stratigraphy of Lake Van, eastern Turkey Deniz Cukur a, * , Sebastian Krastel b , Hans, EMCOL and Department of Geological Engineering, 34469 Maslak, Istanbul, Turkey d Van Yüzüncü Yil University, Department of Geological Engineering, Van, Turkey e Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic

  9. Practical Cryptography in High Dimensional Marten van Dijk1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Practical Cryptography in High Dimensional Tori Marten van Dijk1 , Robert Granger2 , Dan Page2 Department of Mathematics, UC Irvine, {krubin, asilverb}@uci.edu Abstract. At Crypto 2004, van Dijk is not known to be rational in general, van Dijk and Woodruff [6] show that one can obtain key agreement

  10. Bachelor project: Evaluatie van een Multi Level Fast Multipole Algoritme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vuik, Kees

    Bachelor project: Evaluatie van een Multi Level Fast Multipole Algoritme Begeleider: D.R. van der verschillende Fast Multipole algorithmes die momenteel in de industrie worden toegepast. Een van die algoritmes is het Open Source algoritme CASSANDRA. Zie: http://openfmm.sourceforge.net/ Aanpak Bestudeer de fysica

  11. Voorwoord Het BWI werkstuk is een van de laatste onderdelen van de studie Bedrijfswiskunde & Informatica.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhulai, Sandjai

    & Informatica. In dit werkstuk is het de bedoeling dat de drie deelgebieden van de BWI studie aan bod komen drie deelgebieden die in de BWI-studie aan bod komen: Bedrijfskunde, Wiskunde en Informatica. In dit

  12. Thesis Guidelines Jim Van de Ven

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van de Ven, James D.

    Thesis Guidelines Jim Van de Ven Sitting down to write a thesis is challenging, as it is difficult.D. thesis1 . Guidelines for chapter content are proved first, followed by grammatical expectations and reference formatting. If you would like a concrete example of a thesis that follows these guidelines, you

  13. BDD synthese Rick van der Zwet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kosters, Walter

    Introductie BDD Synthese van een Binary Decision Diagram BDD is een belangrijk BDD algoritme [DK2009, p. 86 de daadwerkelijke synthese. Een simpele impementatie kan gemaakt worden met algoritme R. (a) Maak (zie Formule 2) door en , en (c) voer het algoritme R1 op f g. Op het eerste gezicht lijkt algoritme R

  14. Selfattractive random polymers Remco van der Hofstad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klenke, Achim

    Self­attractive random polymers Remco van der Hofstad Stieltjes Institute of Mathematics Delft polymer of finite length in Zd . Its law is that of a finite simple random walk path in Zd receiving that for > the attraction dominates the repulsion, i.e., with high probability the polymer is contained in a finite box

  15. Tunable giant magnetic anisotropy in amorphous SmCo thin films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Magnus, F.; Moubah, R.; Roos, A. H.; Kapaklis, V.; Hjoervarsson, B.; Andersson, G.; Kruk, A.; Hase, T.

    2013-04-22

    SmCo thin films have been grown by magnetron sputtering at room temperature with a composition of 2-35 at. % Sm. Films with 5 at. % or higher Sm are amorphous and smooth. A giant tunable uniaxial in-plane magnetic anisotropy is induced in the films which peaks in the composition range 11-22 at. % Sm. This cross-over behavior is not due to changes in the atomic moments but rather the local configuration changes. The excellent layer perfection combined with highly tunable magnetic properties make these films important for spintronics applications.

  16. Shape phase transition in the odd Sm nuclei: effective order parameter and odd-even effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu Zhang; Xin Guan; Yin Wang; Yan Zuo; Li-na Bao; Feng Pan

    2015-04-20

    Some binding-energy-related quantities serving as effective order parameters have been used to analyze the shape phase transition in the odd Sm nuclei. It is found that the signals of phase transition in the odd Sm nuclei are greatly enhanced in contrast to the even Sm nuclei. A further analysis shows that the transitional behaviors related to pairing in the Sm nuclei can be well described by the mean field plus pairing interaction model, with a monotonic decrease in the pairing strength $G$.

  17. Beeldverwerking practica Detectie van verkeersborden met de Hough transformatie 1/2 Detectie van verkeersborden met de

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pizurica, Aleksandra

    synthetische beeld circles.jpg. Wat is de invloed van de verschillende parameters van het algoritme? Hoeveel.jpg. Detecteert het algoritme het verkeersbord? Detecteert het enkel dat? · Om een rond verkeersbord verkeersbord1.jpg. Pas je algoritme toe op dit beeld. Hoe wordt de prestatie van het algoritme beïnvloedt

  18. [12.7.20044:01pm] [101114] [Page No. 101] {Eserial}4393-van-Pelt/3d/vanPelt-tx08.3d Van Pelt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stryker, Michael

    . Prog Brain Res.147:103-114. Corrections indicated in red. #12;[12.7.2004­4:01pm] [101­114] [Page No[12.7.2004­4:01pm] [101­114] [Page No. 101] {Eserial}4393-van-Pelt/3d/vanPelt-tx08.3d Van Pelt U N Research, Vol. 147 ISSN 0079-6123 Copyright ß 2005 Elsevier BV. All rights reserved CHAPTER 8 Molecular

  19. Khi phc Sm D tho K hoch Khi phc Sm v nh gi Mi trng Giai on IV N g y 2 0 t h n g 5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on IV có trên www.gulfspillrestoration.noaa. gov và nhiu a im trong cng ng vùng vnh (xem dan sách trên Trc Giai on IV, các y viên ã thông qua ba k hoch khôi phc sm, bao gm tng cng 54 d án trên khp vùng Vnh vi tng chi phí khong 698 triu USD. Các y viên cng ã thông qua mt K Hoch Khôi phc Sm theo quy trình và

  20. AdvANCE CoNFErENCE GuIdE 2007 JavaoneSM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    AdvANCE CoNFErENCE GuIdE 2007 JavaoneSM Conference Features Java Technology, open Source, Web 2 and Integration | Tools and Languages JavaoneSM Conference | May 8­11, 2007 Javaone Pavilion: May 8­10, 2007 you. How to navigate this brochure and easily find what you need... Conference Overview Java

  1. Blue MedicareRx (PDP)SM 2012 Comprehensive Drug List

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oklahoma, University of

    Blue MedicareRx (PDP)SM 2012 Comprehensive Drug List PLEASE READ: THIS DOCUMENT CONTAINS DrugList Blue MedicareRx (PDP)SM 2012 Formulary (List of Covered Drugs) DrugList PLEASE READ. Blue MedicareRx (PDP) is a stand-alone prescription drug plan with a Medicare contract offered by HCSC

  2. RefWorks: Importing search results from ISI Web of KnowledgeSM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Page 1/2 RefWorks: Importing search results from ISI Web of KnowledgeSM databases http://isiknowledge.com In ISI Web of KnowledgeSM databases (Web of Science® , BIOSIS® , CAB Abstracts® , Zoological Record, but these instructions apply to any database on the ISI Web of Knowledge platform. 1. On the Search Results screen

  3. fT = 688 GHz and fmax = 800 GHz in Lg = 40 nm In0.7Ga0.3As MHEMTs with gm_max > 2.7 mS/m

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    del Alamo, Jesús A.

    , USA, E-mail: vtsrc3@gmail.com *Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA 02139, UT in our Lg = 40 nm MHEMTs. Process Technology Fig. 1 shows cross section and TEM images of the fabricated. The device exhibits excellent pinch-off and

  4. Development of interatomic potentials appropriate for simulation of devitrification of Al90Sm10 alloy

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Mendelev, M. I.; Zhang, F.; Ye, Z.; Sun, Y.; Nguyen, M. C.; Wilson, S. R.; Wang, C. Z.; Ho, K. M.

    2015-04-23

    In this study, a semi-empirical potential for the Al90Sm10 alloy is presented. The potential provides satisfactory reproduction of pure Al properties, the formation energies of a set of Al–Sm crystal phases with Sm content about 10%, and the structure of the liquid Al90Sm10 alloy. During molecular dynamics simulation in which the liquid alloy is cooled at a rate of 1010 K/s, the developed potential produces a glass structure with lower ab initio energy than that produced by ab initio molecular dynamics (AIMD) itself using a typical AIMD cooling rate of 8 ?1013 K/s. Based on these facts the developed potentialmore »should be suitable for simulations of phase transformations in the Al90Sm10 alloy.« less

  5. Noodzakelijke Onzekerheid Hans Maassen, Universiteit van Amsterdam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maassen, Hans

    , nicht der Dinge. #12;Logica #12;Logica Boole'se algebra #12;Logica Boole'se algebra A = (A en B) of (A en niet-B). #12;Logica Boole'se algebra A = (A en B) of (A en niet-B). Modellering met verzamelingen, door middel van de vertaalregels: #12;Logica Boole'se algebra A = (A en B) of (A en niet

  6. Determining the effects of the Junior Master Gardener[sm] program on the environmental attitudes of children 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aguilar, Olivia Marie

    2002-01-01

    , the Junior Master Gardener[sm] (JMG[sm]) program, could improve the environmental attitudes and locus of control of elementary school students in grades three through five. Six hundred and fifty-four students from Temple Independent School District...

  7. SM-S97-8 AUTEC Name Change file://///Adm-ejoice/evasdocuments$/Senate%20Files/Policies-SM%20R... At its meeting of May 12, 1997, the Academic Senate approved the following Senate Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gleixner, Stacy

    SM-S97-8 AUTEC Name Change file://///Adm-ejoice/evasdocuments$/Senate%20Files/Policies-SM%20R... SM-S97-8 At its meeting of May 12, 1997, the Academic Senate approved the following Senate Management Resolution presented by Sally Veregge for the Organization and Government Committee. SENATE MANAGEMENT

  8. A Van Gogh inspired 3D Shader Methodology 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharma, Suruchi

    2013-08-01

    Figure 1. The Night Caf? by Van Gogh, 1888 [13] ......................................................... 6 Figure 2. Detail of Wheat Feld with Cypresses by Van Gogh, 1889 [14] ........................ 7 Figure 3. (Left) Woodblock print. The Plum Garden.... Detail of Wheat Feld with Cypresses by Van Gogh, 1889 [14] Lev Manovich developed ?Cultural Analytics? research study group in 2007 at Software Studies Initiative, UCSD. His research focuses on exploring and visually examining large cultural data...

  9. Van Andel Research Institute, Los Alamos National Laboratory...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Computational model to study lung cancer Van Andel Research Institute, Los Alamos National Laboratory to develop detailed computational model to study lung cancer Scientists are...

  10. Omgaan met veranderende requirements in outsourcing-projecten Marco Lormans Hylke van Dijk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Deursen, Arie

    Omgaan met veranderende requirements in outsourcing-projecten Marco Lormans Hylke van Dijk Delft University of Technology The Netherlands {M.Lormans,H.W.vanDijk}@ewi.tudelft.nl Arie van Deursen CWI

  11. Enhanced van der Waals interaction at interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marin-Slobodan Tomas

    2008-02-20

    Using a recently obtained (general) formula for the interaction energy between an excited and a ground-state atom (Sherkunov Y 2007 Phys. Rev. A 75 012705), we consider the interaction energy between two such atoms near the interface between two media. We demonstrate that under the circumstances of the resonant coupling of the excited atom to the surface polariton mode of a vacuum-medium system the nonretarded atom*-atom interaction energy can be enhanced by (several) orders of magnitude in comparison with the van der Waals interaction energy of the two isolated atoms.

  12. Rienk van Grondelle | Photosynthetic Antenna Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMassR&D100Nationalquestionnaires 0serialIndustrialSenior8Rick StevensARienk van

  13. Heidi VanGenderen | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i nA Guide to TappingWORK BREAKDOWNEnergy how toEM Office14Heidi VanGenderen

  14. Brie Van Cleve | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram:Y-12Power, IncBio CentersBreaking Up (Hydrogen) No Longer AsBrie Van

  15. Lessons and Measures Learned from Continuous Commissioning(SM) of Central Chilled/Hot Water Systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deng, S.; Turner, W. D.; Claridge, D. E.; Bruner, H.; Chen, H.; Wei, G.

    2001-01-01

    As it has been proved repeatedly that commissioning is very necessary for new construction and renovation/retrofit projects, we found continuous commissioningSM (CC) is an effective and efficient way to manage and optimize existing central chilled...

  16. The SM protein Sly1 accelerates assembly of the ER-Golgi SNARE complex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demircioglu, Fatma Esra

    Soluble N-ethylmaleimide–sensitive factor attachment protein receptor (SNARE) and Sec1/Munc18 (SM) proteins constitute the core of an ancient vesicle fusion machine that diversified into distinct sets that now function in ...

  17. van der Waerden's Theorem and Topological Dynamics Proof Mining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerhardy, Philipp

    Outline van der Waerden's Theorem and Topological Dynamics Proof Mining Proof Analysis Comparison with van der Waerden's proof Proof Mining in Topological Dynamics Philipp Gerhardy Department of Mathematics University of Oslo Oberwolfach, April 6 - April 12, 2008. Philipp Gerhardy Proof Mining

  18. Wil M. P. van der Aalst Process Mining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    1 Wil M. P. van der Aalst Process Mining Discovery, Conformance and Enhancement of Business Processes Process Mining Wil M. P. van der Aalst Computer Science ProcessMining Discovery, Conformance organizations diagnose problems based on fiction rather than facts. Process mining is an emerging discipline

  19. van der Waerden's Theorem and Topological Dynamics Proof Mining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerhardy, Philipp

    van der Waerden's Theorem and Topological Dynamics Proof Mining Proof Analysis Conclusion Proof Mining in Topological Dynamics Philipp Gerhardy Department of Mathematics University of Oslo Logic Colloquium 2008, Bern, Switzerland, July 3-8. Philipp Gerhardy Proof Mining in Topological Dynamics #12;van

  20. TS 10 Developing Land Administration Systems Paul van der Molen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TS 10 ­ Developing Land Administration Systems Paul van der Molen TS10.5 Some Microeconomic Aspects Microeconomic Aspects of Land Ownership Paul VAN DER MOLEN, The Netherlands Key words: land administration, microeconomics, institutions, property rights, transaction costs, land markets SUMMARY Land administration ('the

  1. United Parcel Service Evaluates Hybrid Electric Delivery Vans (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2010-02-01

    This fact sheet describes how the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Fleet Test and Evaluation team evaluated the 12-month, in-service performance of six Class 4 hybrid electric delivery vans - fueled by regular diesel - and six comparable conventional diesel vans operated by the United Parcel Service.

  2. Paul van der Molen Good Administration of Land in Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paul van der Molen Good Administration of Land in Europe UN, FIG, PC IDEA Inter-regional Special 2004 1/14 Good Administration of Land in Europe Paul van der MOLEN, The Netherlands Keywords: land administration, spatial data infrastructures, land policy, Europe ABSTRACT Europe's history resulted in a variety

  3. Correlation between sputtering parameters and composition of SmCo-based films for microelectromechanical system applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peng Long; Zhang Huaiwu; Yang Qinghui; Li Yuanxun; Song Yuanqiang [State Key Laboratory of Electronic Thin Films and Integrated Devices, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054 (China); Shen Jian [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716 (United States)

    2009-03-15

    About 3.0 {mu}m thick SmCo-based films with additives of Fe, Cu, and Zr were deposited on Si substrates. Based on a developed semiempirical theoretical model, the dependence of the film composition on the sputtering parameters was discussed. The experimental results show that the Sm concentration increases with decreasing sputtering power or increasing Ar gas pressure, which are in good agreement with the calculated results when the preferential sputtering effect is disregarded. The effect of the sputtering parameters on the film composition provides an opportunity for the same composite target to fabricate films with Sm concentration varying from 13.8 to 17.3 at. %, which is reasonable for the permanent magnetic phase transformation (Sm{sub 2}Co{sub 17}{yields}SmCo{sub 7}{yields}SmCo{sub 5}). Furthermore, the observed TbCu{sub 7}-type film shows a better crystal texture with a low remanence ratio for the hysteresis loops measured out plane to in plane of 0.08.

  4. Verifying One Hundred Prisoners and a Light-Hans van Ditmarsch, Jan van Eijck and William Wu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Eijck, Jan

    Verifying One Hundred Prisoners and a Light- bulb Hans van Ditmarsch, Jan van Eijck and William Wu analyze the `one hundred prisoners and a lightbulb' puzzle. In this puzzle it is relevant what the agents (prisoners) know, how their knowledge changes due to observations, and how they affect the state of the world

  5. Resonance Van Hove Singularities in Wave Kinetics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shi, Yi-Kang

    2015-01-01

    Wave kinetic theory has been developed to describe the statistical dynamics of weakly nonlinear, dispersive waves. However, we show that systems which are generally dispersive can have resonant sets of wave modes with identical group velocities, leading to a local breakdown of dispersivity. This shows up as a geometric singularity of the resonant manifold and possibly as an infinite phase measure in the collision integral. Such singularities occur widely for classical wave systems, including acoustical waves, Rossby waves, helical waves in rotating fluids, light waves in nonlinear optics and also in quantum transport, e.g. kinetics of electron-hole excitations (matter waves) in graphene. These singularities are the exact analogue of the critical points found by Van Hove in 1953 for phonon dispersion relations in crystals. The importance of these singularities in wave kinetics depends on the dimension of phase space $D=(N-2)d$ ($d$ physical space dimension, $N$ the number of waves in resonance) and the degree ...

  6. Resonance Van Hove Singularities in Wave Kinetics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yi-Kang Shi; Gregory Eyink

    2015-07-29

    Wave kinetic theory has been developed to describe the statistical dynamics of weakly nonlinear, dispersive waves. However, we show that systems which are generally dispersive can have resonant sets of wave modes with identical group velocities, leading to a local breakdown of dispersivity. This shows up as a geometric singularity of the resonant manifold and possibly as an infinite phase measure in the collision integral. Such singularities occur widely for classical wave systems, including acoustical waves, Rossby waves, helical waves in rotating fluids, light waves in nonlinear optics and also in quantum transport, e.g. kinetics of electron-hole excitations (matter waves) in graphene. These singularities are the exact analogue of the critical points found by Van Hove in 1953 for phonon dispersion relations in crystals. The importance of these singularities in wave kinetics depends on the dimension of phase space $D=(N-2)d$ ($d$ physical space dimension, $N$ the number of waves in resonance) and the degree of degeneracy $\\delta$ of the critical points. Following Van Hove, we show that non-degenerate singularities lead to finite phase measures for $D>2$ but produce divergences when $D\\leq 2$ and possible breakdown of wave kinetics if the collision integral itself becomes too large (or even infinite). Similar divergences and possible breakdown can occur for degenerate singularities, when $D-\\delta\\leq 2,$ as we find for several physical examples, including electron-hole kinetics in graphene. When the standard kinetic equation breaks down, then one must develop a new singular wave kinetics. We discuss approaches from pioneering 1971 work of Newell \\& Aucoin on multi-scale perturbation theory for acoustic waves and field-theoretic methods based on exact Schwinger-Dyson integral equations for the wave dynamics.

  7. 1 Aard en opzet van de onder-De drie onderzoeken PPON, TIMSS en PISA beschrijven

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Hanbali, Ahmad

    16 J. Bokhove 1 Aard en opzet van de onder- zoeken De drie onderzoeken PPON, TIMSS en PISA. Bij TIMSS en PISA gaat het om vergelijkingen van deze opbrengsten met die van andere landen en het-wiskundeonderwijs: PPON, TIMSS en PISA. In dit artikel beschrijf ik eerst de opzet van de drie onderzoeken. Daarna wordt

  8. VITO-gesponsorde doctoraatsonderzoeker Invloed van gedrag op de geaggregeerde blootstelling aan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gent, Universiteit

    modelvoorspellingen zal gebeuren aan de hand van berekeningen voor een chemische stof, meer specifiek bisfenol A

  9. Preparation and structure characterization of SmCo{sub 5}(0001) epitaxial thin films grown on Cu(111) underlayers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ohtake, Mitsuru; Nukaga, Yuri; Futamoto, Masaaki; Kirino, Fumiyoshi

    2009-04-01

    SmCo{sub 5}(0001) epitaxial films were prepared on Cu(111) single-crystal underlayers formed on Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}(0001) substrates at 500 deg. C. The nucleation and growth mechanism of (0001)-oriented SmCo{sub 5} crystal on Cu(111) underlayer is investigated and a method to control the nucleation is proposed. The SmCo{sub 5} epitaxial thin film formed directly on Cu underlayer consists of two types of domains whose orientations are rotated around the film normal by 30 deg. each other. By introducing a thin Co seed layer on the Cu underlayer, a SmCo{sub 5}(0001) single-crystal thin film is successfully obtained. Nucleation of SmCo{sub 5} crystal on Cu underlayer seems controllable by varying the interaction between the Cu underlayer and the SmCo{sub 5} layer.

  10. rofessor Annemie Vandamme, van de Afdeling Klinische en Epi-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Jesse

    -Gedragslijn voor studenten De grens tussen kunnen en mogen 6 Therapie voor arachnofoben Spin-off neemt spinfobie van U tot Z 10 Alumnikrant Vorming: mens en milieu, ver- vuiling en gezondheid 11 Alumnikrant

  11. Dagboek van een reis naar Californie Albert Polman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polman, Albert

    's middags de voorselectie van kandidaten voor de Philips-AMOLF groep. Daardoor weinig tijd om het verhaal over de witte scholen in Amsterdam. Ik weet uit eigen ervaring dat de wethouder staat te liegen

  12. Obtaining of SmS based semiconducting material and investigation of its electrical properties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kaminskii, V. V., E-mail: Vladimir.Kaminski@mail.ioffe.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physicotechnical Institute (Russian Federation); Hirai, Shinji; Kuzuya, Toshihiro [Muroran Institute of Technology (Japan)] [Muroran Institute of Technology (Japan); Solov'ev, S. M.; Stepanov, N. N.; Sharenkova, N. V. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physicotechnical Institute (Russian Federation)] [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physicotechnical Institute (Russian Federation)

    2013-10-15

    Semiconductor samarium monosulfide polycrystals obtained by reaction between samarium trihydride (SmH{sub 3}) and its sesquisulfide were studied. The temperature, baric and frequency dependences of the resistivity and structural features of the samples were investigated. It is shown that the value of X-ray coherent scattering region is extremely small for SmS samples, 320 A; critical pressure of semiconductor-metal phase transition is higher than in the samples, obtained by other methods, 0.88 GPa; the temperature dependence of the resistivity has metallic behavior. Hopping mechanism of electron transport was found. All these features are explained by more defective structure of the polycrystalline SmS samples.

  13. LG Siltron | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: EnergyKulpsville,LEDSGP/activities <LEDSGP/hometraining < LEDSGPLEED HomeLFGLG

  14. LG Display | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervar HydroElectric Cooperative(RedirectedChem Ltd JumpDisplay

  15. The hidden duplication past of Arabidopsis thaliana Cedric Simillion, Klaas Vandepoele, Marc C. E. Van Montagu, Marc Zabeau, and Yves Van de Peer*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gent, Universiteit

    The hidden duplication past of Arabidopsis thaliana Cedric Simillion, Klaas Vandepoele, Marc C. E. Van Montagu, Marc Zabeau, and Yves Van de Peer* Department of Plant Systems Biology, Flanders Contributed by Marc C. E. Van Montagu, August 28, 2002 Analysis of the genome sequence of Arabidopsis thaliana

  16. NSF/UNOLS Van Pool Electrical Requirements This page describes the electrical requirements for the vans in the West Coast pool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurapov, Alexander

    NSF/UNOLS Van Pool Electrical Requirements This page describes the electrical requirements onboard vessels. The van will be delivered with detailed electrical connection procedures which must electrical system. Each van is capable of operation from 208, 240 or 460 (440 to 480) V single-phase systems

  17. Preparation and characterization of SiO?:Sm³? nanotube arrays with 1.06 ?m laser antireflective property

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tan, Wei-min; Huang, Ning; Wang, Li-jun; Song, Tian-shun; Lu, Chun-hua; Wang, Liu-fang; Zhang, Jun-zhi

    2013-05-01

    SiO?: Sm³? nanotube arrays with excellent antireflective property at 1.06 ?m were synthesized by a template-assisted sol–gel process. The molecular structure, morphology and optical properties of the fabricated SiO?:Sm³? nanotube arrays were investigated by a Fourier transform infrared spectroscope (FTIR), a Scanning electron microscope (SEM), and a spectro-fluorometer, respectively. The experimental results demonstrate that the SiO?:Sm³? nanotube arrays were formed via the AAO membrane during the sol–gel process. The remarkable antireflective characteristic of about 0.166% at 1.06 ?m was attributed to the drastic decrease of effective refraction index which enhances the matching effect between air and substrate. As well as the absorption performance of Sm³? at 1.06 ?m which consumes the energies of incident light. - Graphical abstract: Directional aligned SiO?:Sm³? nanotube arrays were synthesized in AAO template by sol–gel process, and the antiflective performance of arrays is prominent comparing to the blank AAO template. Highlights: • SiO?:Sm³? nanotube arrays are synthesized by a template-assisted sol–gel process. • SiO?:Sm³? nanotube arrays have remarkable antireflective properties at 1.06 ?m. • The subwavelength structure results in a decrease of effective refraction index. • The absorption performance of Sm³? at 1.06 ?m consume the energies of incident light.

  18. rsbl.royalsocietypublishing.org Cite this article: Lyons SM, Beaulieu M,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sockman, Keith W.

    rsbl.royalsocietypublishing.org Research Cite this article: Lyons SM, Beaulieu M, Sockman KW. 2014: Susan M. Lyons e-mail: lyonssm@live.unc.edu Keith W. Sockman e-mail: kws@unc.edu Present address to performance-based sexual signals in a songbird Susan M. Lyons1, Michae¨l Beaulieu1, and Keith W. Sockman1,2 1

  19. Plan of Study for S.M. in Computational Science and Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plan of Study for S.M. in Computational Science and Engineering Student Name: Email: Indicate other than the core courses and those Applied Math and Computer Science electives listed on the pre-approved list (see http://www.seas.harvard.edu/computational-science- and-engineering/cse-courses), you must

  20. Aluminum nanoscale order in amorphous Al92Sm8 measured by fluctuation electron microscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khare, Sanjay V.

    of Illinois--Urbana Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801 S. V. Khareb Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Illinois--Urbana Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801 Received 15 December 2004,3 Devitrification of Al92Sm8 amorphized by de- formation does not proceed by primary Al crystallization.3 When

  1. A LOGICAL INVERTED TAXONOMY OF SORTING ALGORITHMS S.M. Merritt K.K. Lau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lau, Kung-Kiu

    A LOGICAL INVERTED TAXONOMY OF SORTING ALGORITHMS S.M. Merritt K.K. Lau School of Computer Science taxonomy of sorting algorithms, a high­level, top­down, conceptually simple and symmetric categorization taxonomy of sorting algorithms. This provides a logical basis for the inverted taxonomy and expands

  2. Microbiological parameters as indicators of compost maturity S.M. Tiquia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tiquia-Arashiro, Sonia M.

    Microbiological parameters as indicators of compost maturity S.M. Tiquia Department of Natural management strategies and composted using different turning and moisture regimes; relate their association with humification parameters and compost temperature; and identify the most suitable microbial indicators of compost

  3. Pyramidal direct methanol fuel cells S.M. Senn, D. Poulikakos *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daraio, Chiara

    number of evalua- tions of an objective function. The functionality-optimized pyramidal fuel cell designPyramidal direct methanol fuel cells S.M. Senn, D. Poulikakos * Laboratory of Thermodynamics distributors to actually define the shape of the fuel cell, thereby eliminating problems associated

  4. Agent Design of SmArt License Management System Using Gaia Methodology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perry, Mark

    Agent Design of SmArt License Management System Using Gaia Methodology Qian Zhao, Yu Zhou, Mark@csd|yuzhou@alumni|markp@csd}.uwo.ca Abstract-- Modern software services and data centers require a license management system to regulate the agreements that have been reached between subscriber and provider. License management helps to track usage

  5. Lung sound localization using array of acoustic S.M. Akramus Salehin and Thushara D. Abhayapala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abhayapala, Thushara D.

    1 Lung sound localization using array of acoustic sensors S.M. Akramus Salehin and Thushara D University Abstract-- This paper presents a localization algorithm to detect lung sounds using an circular by computer simulations. I. INTRODUCTION Lung disorders or injury can result in changes in the spectral and

  6. A Materials Perspective on Casimir and van der Waals Interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. M. Woods; D. A. R. Dalvit; A. Tkatchenko; P. Rodriguez-Lopez; A. W. Rodriguez; R. Podgornik

    2015-09-10

    Interactions induced by electromagnetic fluctuations, such as van der Waals and Casimir forces, are of universal nature present at any length scale between any types of systems with finite dimensions. Such interactions are important not only for the fundamental science of materials behavior, but also for the design and improvement of micro- and nano-structured devices. In the past decade, many new materials have become available, which has stimulated the need of understanding their dispersive interactions. The field of van der Waals and Casimir forces has experienced an impetus in terms of developing novel theoretical and computational methods to provide new insights in related phenomena. The understanding of such forces has far reaching consequences as it bridges concepts in materials, atomic and molecular physics, condensed matter physics, high energy physics, chemistry and biology. In this review, we summarize major breakthroughs and emphasize the common origin of van der Waals and Casimir interactions. We examine progress related to novel ab initio modeling approaches and their application in various systems, interactions in materials with Dirac-like spectra, force manipulations through nontrivial boundary conditions, and applications of van der Waals forces in organic and biological matter. The outlook of the review is to give the scientific community a materials perspective of van der Waals and Casimir phenomena and stimulate the development of experimental techniques and applications.

  7. 1. Laat 0 < a < . In deze som integreren we de functie over de randen van de vierkanten

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hulshof, Joost

    . f) Bepaal de residuen in de andere singulariteiten van f(z). Opmerking: eerste orde polen, dus residuen. Bijdragen in de som van de eerste orde polen binnen n en van de pool in z = -a. h) Bereken met

  8. A Materials Perspective on Casimir and van der Waals Interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woods, L M; Tkatchenko, A; Rodriguez-Lopez, P; Rodriguez, A W; Podgornik, R

    2015-01-01

    Interactions induced by electromagnetic fluctuations, such as van der Waals and Casimir forces, are of universal nature present at any length scale between any types of systems with finite dimensions. Such interactions are important not only for the fundamental science of materials behavior, but also for the design and improvement of micro- and nano-structured devices. In the past decade, many new materials have become available, which has stimulated the need of understanding their dispersive interactions. The field of van der Waals and Casimir forces has experienced an impetus in terms of developing novel theoretical and computational methods to provide new insights in related phenomena. The understanding of such forces has far reaching consequences as it bridges concepts in materials, atomic and molecular physics, condensed matter physics, high energy physics, chemistry and biology. In this review, we summarize major breakthroughs and emphasize the common origin of van der Waals and Casimir interactions. We...

  9. Twelve-Month Evaluation of UPS Diesel Hybrid Electric Delivery Vans

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lammert, M.

    2009-12-01

    Results of an NREL study of a parallel hybrid electric-diesel propulsion system in United Parcel Service-operated delivery vans show that the hybrids had higher fuel economy than standard diesel vans.

  10. BREAKDOWN OF LINDSTEDT EXPANSION FOR CHAOTIC MAPS GUIDO GENTILE AND TITUS S. VAN ERP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roma "La Sapienza", Università di

    BREAKDOWN OF LINDSTEDT EXPANSION FOR CHAOTIC MAPS GUIDO GENTILE AND TITUS S. VAN ERP Abstract; critical constant; natural boundary. 1 #12; 2 GUIDO GENTILE AND TITUS S. VAN ERP The theoretical framework

  11. BREAKDOWN OF LINDSTEDT EXPANSION FOR CHAOTIC MAPS GUIDO GENTILE AND TITUS S. VAN ERP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gentile, Guido

    BREAKDOWN OF LINDSTEDT EXPANSION FOR CHAOTIC MAPS GUIDO GENTILE AND TITUS S. VAN ERP Abstract; critical constant; natural boundary. 1 #12;2 GUIDO GENTILE AND TITUS S. VAN ERP The theoretical framework

  12. SYMMETRIC SKEW QUASISYMMETRIC SCHUR FUNCTIONS CHRISTINE BESSENRODT, VASU TEWARI, AND STEPHANIE VAN WILLIGENBURG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bessenrodt, Christine

    SYMMETRIC SKEW QUASISYMMETRIC SCHUR FUNCTIONS CHRISTINE BESSENRODT, VASU TEWARI, AND STEPHANIE VAN by the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation. 1 #12;2 CHRISTINE BESSENRODT, VASU TEWARI, AND STEPHANIE VAN WILLIGENBURG

  13. GWU Personnel: Dr. J. Rene van Dorp VCU Personnel: Dr. Jason R. W. Merrick

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    Personnel: Dr. J. Rene van Dorp, Dr. Jack Harrald, Dr. Greg Shaw, Adil Caner Sener, Christian Salmon VCU

  14. Uphill transport and the probabilistic transport model B. Ph. van Milligen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Milligen, Boudewijn

    Uphill transport and the probabilistic transport model B. Ph. van Milligen Asociacio´n EURATOM-CIEMAT

  15. HOW MANGROVES SALINIZE THE SOIL C. J. VAN DUIJN, G. GALIANO, AND M. A. PELETIER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peletier, Mark

    . Affiliations: ffl C. J. van Duijn, M. A. Peletier: Centrum voor Wiskunde en Informatica, P.O. Box 94079, 1090

  16. Thesis Oscillations in the Brain -1-Marieke van Vugt Oscillations in the Brain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vugt, Marieke

    Thesis Oscillations in the Brain -1- Marieke van Vugt Oscillations in the Brain: A Dynamic Memory Model Marieke van Vugt Honors thesis sciences University College Utrecht Spring semester 2002 #12;Thesis #12;Thesis Oscillations in the Brain -3- Marieke van Vugt Introduction In the field of neuroscience

  17. RESEARCH ARTICLE A seasonal cycle of terrestrial inputs in Lake Van, Turkey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    RESEARCH ARTICLE A seasonal cycle of terrestrial inputs in Lake Van, Turkey C. Huguet & S. Fietz Van in Turkey is the world's largest soda lake (607 km3 ). The lake's catchment area is estimated the environmental status of a lake today and in the recent history. Lake Van in Eastern Anatolia (Turkey

  18. S. van Bakel Computer Systems -Autumn 2013 p.1/306 Computer Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Bakel, Steffen

    Computer Systems S. van Bakel Computer Systems - Autumn 2013 p.1/306 #12;Computer Systems Dr or tutorial) best via email; reply will go (anonymised) back to the whole class. S. van Bakel Computer Systems of the implementation of main OS functions through the operation system Minix. S. van Bakel Computer Systems - Autumn

  19. Hugo van Dam and the dynamic adjoint function Imre Pa zsit*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pázsit, Imre

    Hugo van Dam and the dynamic adjoint function Imre Pa´ zsit* Department of Reactor Physics, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Go¨teborg, Sweden Dedicated to Prof. Dr. Hugo van Dam into perspective the seminal contribution of Hugo van Dam to the development of neutron noise diagnostics

  20. Effects of magnetite on high-frequency ground-penetrating radar Remke L. Van Dam1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borchers, Brian

    Effects of magnetite on high-frequency ground-penetrating radar Remke L. Van Dam1 , Jan M. H, paleoclimatology (Maher and Thompson, 1995), soil development (Singer et al., 1996; Van Dam et al., 2008 et al., 2011), the detection of unexploded ordnance (UXO) and land mines (Van Dam et al., 2005

  1. Brilliant Sm, Eu, Tb and Dy chiral lanthanide complexes withstrong circularly polarized luminescence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Petoud, Stephane; Muller, Gilles; Moore, Evan G.; Xu, Jide; Sokolnicki, Jurek; Riehl, James P.; Le, Uyen; Cohen, Seth M.; Raymond,Kenneth N.

    2006-07-10

    The synthesis, characterization and luminescent behavior of trivalent Sm, Eu, Dy and Tb complexes of two enantiomeric, octadentate, chiral, 2-hydroxyisophthalamide ligands are reported. These complexes are highly luminescent in solution. Functionalization of the achiral parent ligand with a chiral 1-phenylethylamine substituent on the open face of the complex in close proximity to the metal center yields complexes with strong circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) activity. This appears to be the first example of a system utilizing the same ligand architecture to sensitize four different lanthanide cations and display CPL activity. The luminescence dissymmetry factor, g{sub lum}, recorded for the Eu(III) complex is one of the highest values reported, and this is the first time the CPL effect has been demonstrated for a Sm(III) complex with a chiral ligand. The combination of high luminescence intensity with CPL activity should enable new bioanalytical applications of macromolecules in chiral environments.

  2. Deep Equality Revisited \\Lambda Serge Abiteboul Jan Van den Bussche

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abiteboul, Serge

    Deep Equality Revisited \\Lambda Serge Abiteboul Jan Van den Bussche INRIA Rocquencourt y Abstract We revisit the notion of deep equality among objects in an ob­ ject database from a formal point of view. We present three natural formalizations of deep equality: one based on the infinite value

  3. Distributed Operating Systems ANDREW S. TANENBAUM and ROBBERT VAN RENESSE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newhall, Tia

    Distributed Operating Systems ANDREW S. TANENBAUM and ROBBERT VAN RENESSE Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands Distributed operating systems have many as an introduction to distributed operating systems, and especially to current university research about them. After

  4. DHV water pumping optimization Simon van Mourik1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rottschäfer, Vivi

    Chapter 6 DHV water pumping optimization Simon van Mourik1 Joris Bierkens2 Hans Stigter1 Martijn for optimizing a drinking water network over a horizon of 48 hours, given variable water demands, energy prices and constraints on the pumping strategy and water levels in the reservoirs. Both the dynamic model and goal

  5. Biosensors and multiple mycotoxin analysis Bram van der Gaag 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Lucas J.

    Biosensors and multiple mycotoxin analysis Bram van der Gaag 1 , Sabine Spath, Heidi Dietrich; received in revised form 2 November 2002; accepted 4 November 2002 Abstract An immunochemical biosensor concentration thus measured by the biosensor are those due to binding and dissociation of interacting molecules

  6. Excited nucleon as a van der Waals system of partons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jenkovszky, L. L.; Muskeyev, A. O. Yezhov, S. N.

    2012-06-15

    Saturation in deep inelastic scattering (DIS) and deeply virtual Compton scattering (DVCS) is associated with a phase transition between the partonic gas, typical of moderate x and Q{sup 2}, and partonic fluid appearing at increasing Q{sup 2} and decreasing Bjorken x. We suggest the van der Waals equation of state to describe properly this phase transition.

  7. Increasing Youth and Community Agency in GIS Sarah Van Wart

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parikh, Tapan S.

    Increasing Youth and Community Agency in GIS Sarah Van Wart UC Berkeley School of Information to submit and view geographic data, most users are still excluded from GIS design and decision-making. Local) tools, with the process-oriented, inclusive emphasis of Participatory and Qualitative GIS. Users start

  8. On the Education of GIS Algorithm Design Marc van Kreveld

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    On the Education of GIS Algorithm Design Marc van Kreveld institute of information and computing sciences, utrecht university technical report UU-CS-2003-029 www.cs.uu.nl #12;On the Education of GIS-mail: marc@cs.uu.nl Abstract To teach the design of algorithms in an algorithmic GIS course, it is suggested

  9. Enhancing Fish Tank VR Jurriaan D. Mulder, Robert van Liere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liere, Robert van

    Enhancing Fish Tank VR Jurriaan D. Mulder, Robert van Liere Center for Mathematics and Computer Science CWI Amsterdam, the Netherlands mullie¡ robertl¢ @cwi.nl Abstract Fish tank VR systems provide that resides at a fixed location. Therefore, fish tank VR systems provide only a limited virtual workspace

  10. Statistical mechanics of simple fluids: beyond van der Waals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lebowitz, Joel

    Statistical mechanics of simple fluids: beyond van der Waals Equilibrium properties of dense fluids, such as a fluid of "hard spheres," and to calculations on high-speed computers. Joel L. Lebowitz and Eduardo M. Waisman Dense fluids, defined to include both dense gases and liquids, have the repu- tation of being

  11. Critical behavior in inhomogeneous random graphs Remco van der Hofstad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hofstad, Remco van der

    Critical behavior in inhomogeneous random graphs Remco van der Hofstad June 10, 2010 Abstract We study the critical behavior of inhomogeneous random graphs where edges are present independently but with unequal edge occupation probabilities. The edge probabilities are moderated by vertex weights

  12. Fluorocarbons: Surface Free Energies and van der Waals Interaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Derek Y C

    Letters Fluorocarbons: Surface Free Energies and van der Waals Interaction Calum J. Drummond surface free energies based on contact angle measurements with dispersive organic liquids depend of dispersive materials, the surface free energy per unit area of a solid organic material can be used

  13. Viewpoints in Software Architecture Reconstruction Arie van Deursen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Deursen, Arie

    Recommended Practice for Architectural Description of Software-intensive Systems [3] give a larger catalogViewpoints in Software Architecture Reconstruction Arie van Deursen CWI & Delft Univ. of Technology, FIN-00045, Helsinki, Finland claudio.riva@nokia.com 1 Introduction Many software engineering tasks

  14. The Wave Digital Tonehole Model Maarten van Walstijn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith III, Julius Orion

    The Wave Digital Tonehole Model Maarten van Walstijn Faculty of Music, University of Edinburgh 12 with the use of wave digital filter techniques. INTRODUCTION Physical modelling of woodwind instruments of any physically and musically feasible dimensions, 2) can be applied in the efficient travelling-wave

  15. Process Mining Manifesto Wil van der Aalst1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    1 Process Mining Manifesto Wil van der Aalst1,2 , Arya Adriansyah1 , Ana Karla Alves de Medeiros50/Verint, USA 16 Business Process Mining, Australia 17 Business Process Trends, USA 18 Gartner, USA 19 Deloitte and Technology, Korea 40 Cranfield University, UK 41 K.U. Leuven, Belgium 42 Tsinghua University, China 43

  16. ABL: Alignment-Based Learning Menno van Zaanen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ABL: Alignment-Based Learning Menno van Zaanen School of Computer Studies University of Leeds LS2 9JT Leeds UK menno@scs.leeds.ac.uk Abstract This paper introduces a new type of grammar learning of at sentences as input and returns a corpus of labelled, bracketed sen- tences. The method works on pairs

  17. Jan Van Haaren jan.vanhaaren@cs.kuleuven.be

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Jesse

    2.3 Effici¨entie beeld geven van onder andere hun dominantie, aanvallende ingesteldheid, effici¨entie voor doel en verplaat- sing. · Anderlecht en Club Brugge krikten hun effici¨entie in de play-offs enorm op tegenover de

  18. Original articles Ole Seehausen Jacques J.M. van Alphen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Original articles Ole Seehausen á Jacques J.M. van Alphen The effect of male coloration on female white light and under monochromatic light, under which the interspe- ci®c dierences in coloration were visible, but chose non-as- sortatively when colour dierences were masked by light conditions. Neither male

  19. R. Snieder ( ) T. van Eck Department of Geophysics, Utrecht University,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snieder, Roel

    ORIGINAL PAPER R. Snieder · T. van Eck Earthquake prediction: a political problem? Received: 22 July 1996 / Accepted: 23 January 1997 Abstract Earthquake prediction is an area of research of great scientific on society. Earthquake prediction in the sense of making deterministic predictions about the place, time

  20. PoS(TOP2006)026 Top properties within the SM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    PoS(TOP2006)026 Top properties within the SM Bernardo Resende CPPM, CNRS/IN2P3 - Univ. Méditerranée, Marseille, France E-mail: resende@cppm.in2p3.fr The high number of top quarks which Workshop on Top Quark Physics January 12-15, 2006 Coimbra, Portugal ¡ On behalf of the CMS and ATLAS

  1. Linear Momentum and Angular-Momentum Transfer in the Reactions of O-16 with Sm-154 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namboodiri, M. N.; Choudhury, R. K.; Alder, L.; Bronson, J. D.; Fabris, D.; Garg, U.; Gonthier, P. L.; Hagel, K.; Haenni, DR; Lui, YW; Majka, Z.; Mouchaty, G.; Murakami, T.; Natowitz, J. B.; Nebbia, G.; Schmitt, R. P.; Simon, S.; Sullivan, J. P.; Youngblood, David H.

    1987-01-01

    between projectile-like fragments or heavy residues and their as- sociated y rays, the angular momentum transfers for a variety of incomplete fusion reactions of 180 and 310 MeV ' 0 with ' Sm have been derived. At the higher energy, the correlation... techniques may be utilized. For example, the measurements of fission cross sections in concert with momentum transfer is one method which provides some information on the partial waves involved in incomplete fusion. Such an approach has been fol- lowed...

  2. (Rev. 3/26/2015) Page 1 APPLICATION FOR RESEARCH ASSISTANTSHIP (PhD/SM Students)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabrieli, John

    . HUMAN SUBJECTS Does your research involve human subjects as defined at http://hst.mit.edu/academics/financial-support/human-subjects ASSISTANTSHIP APPOINTMENT TERMS (Check all that apply) Summer 2015 (6/1 - 8/31) SM Level (Pre-Qual) Fall Term 2015 (9/1 - 1/15) PhD Level (Post-Qual) Spring Term 2016 (1/16 - 5/31) Other ­ Specify: From

  3. Operational physical conditions for a solid-state-engine (SSE) applying shape memory (SM) alloy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kajamaa, J.

    1987-03-01

    The physical conditions for a solid-state-engine (SSE) applying shape memory (SM) alloy is treated based on both experimental results and theoretical considerations. First, the mechanical efficiency is derived. It is compared to that of the fuel engine. Then, the energy transformation diagram is drawn. By means of this the overall efficiency of the system is defined. Also it is concluded that this system can store a part of the accepted kinetic energy as a potential energy in a reversible manner.

  4. Effects of substrate temperature and Cu underlayer thickness on the formation of SmCo{sub 5}(0001) epitaxial thin films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ohtake, Mitsuru; Nukaga, Yuri; Futamoto, Masaaki; Kirino, Fumiyoshi

    2010-05-15

    SmCo{sub 5}(0001) epitaxial thin films were prepared on Cu(111) underlayers heteroepitaxially grown on Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}(0001) single-crystal substrates by molecular beam epitaxy. The effects of substrate temperature and Cu underlayer thickness on the crystallographic properties of SmCo{sub 5}(0001) epitaxial films were investigated. The Cu atoms of underlayer diffuse into the SmCo{sub 5} film and substitute the Co sites in SmCo{sub 5} structure forming an alloy compound of Sm(Co,Cu){sub 5}. The ordered phase formation is enhanced with increasing the substrate temperature and with increasing the Cu underlayer thickness. The Cu atom diffusion into the SmCo{sub 5} film is assisting the formation of Sm(Co,Cu){sub 5} ordered phase.

  5. Robust topological surface state in Kondo insulator SmB{sub 6} thin films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yong, Jie Jiang, Yeping; Zhang, Xiaohang; Greene, Richard L.; Usanmaz, Demet; Curtarolo, Stefano; Li, Linze; Pan, Xiaoqing; Shin, Jongmoon; Takeuchi, Ichiro

    2014-12-01

    Fabrication of smooth thin films of topological insulators with true insulating bulk are extremely important for utilizing their novel properties in quantum and spintronic devices. Here, we report the growth of crystalline thin films of SmB{sub 6}, a topological Kondo insulator with true insulating bulk, by co-sputtering both SmB{sub 6} and B targets. X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, and transmission electron microscopy indicate films that are polycrystalline with a (001) preferred orientation. When cooling down, resistivity ? shows an increase around 50?K and saturation below 10?K, consistent with the opening of the hybridization gap and surface dominated transport, respectively. The ratio ?{sub 2K}/?{sub 300K} is only about two, much smaller than that of bulk, which indicates a much larger surface-to-bulk ratio. Point contact spectroscopy using a superconductor tip on SmB{sub 6} films shows both a Kondo Fano resonance and Andeev reflection, indicating an insulating Kondo lattice with metallic surface states.

  6. Ferroelectric studies of excessive Sm{sup 3+} containing perovskite PZT and pyrochlore biphase ceramics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Babu, T. Anil; Sastry, D. L.; Ramesh, K. V.; Reddy, V. Raghavendra

    2014-04-24

    Polycrystalline samples of Sm{sup 3+} modified Pb{sub 1?x} Sm{sub 2x/3} (Zr{sub 0.6}Ti{sub 0.4}) O{sub 3} (PSZT) ceramics (where x = 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4) have been prepared by a high energy ball milling technique, followed by calcination at 950°C and sintering at 1150°C. As x is increased more than 0.1 mole%, considerable secondary phase has been formed. This phase has been identified as pyrochlore Sm{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} from its X-ray diffraction (XRD) peaks. The XRD studies also indicate that the perovskte phases of the present systems undergo a dopant induced phase transformation from rhombohedral to tetragonal strucure. All the samples exhibit diffuse but non-relaxor type ferroelectric phase transition. The results of dielectric and hysteresis studies of these materials are presented.

  7. A natural SM-like 126 GeV Higgs via non-decoupling D-terms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enrico Bertuzzo; Claudia Frugiuele

    2014-12-08

    Accommodating both a 126 GeV mass and Standard Model (SM) like couplings for the Higgs has a fine tuning price in supersymmetric models. Examples are the MSSM, in which SM-like couplings are natural, but raising the Higgs mass up to 126 GeV requires a considerable tuning, or the NMSSM, in which the situation is reversed: the Higgs is naturally heavier, but being SM-like requires some tuning. We show that models with non-decoupling D-terms alleviate this tension - a 126 GeV SM-like Higgs comes out basically with no fine tuning cost. In addition, the analysis of the fine tuning of the extended gauge sector shows that naturalness requires the heavy gauge bosons to likely be within the LHC run II reach.

  8. UNOLS VAN SHARED-USE AGREEMENT Applicability: This agreement applies to all new vans built to the UNOLS standards, as

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurapov, Alexander

    built to the UNOLS standards, as well as all existing vans which are adequately constructed with simple, in-house procedures is considered beyond the scope of "normal wear and tear". All clean-up costs of such contamination, and/or disposal costs for all radioactive wastes, will be charged directly to the science party

  9. Fault Process and Broadband Ground-Motion Simulations of the 23 October 2011 Van (Eastern Turkey) Earthquake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    Fault Process and Broadband Ground-Motion Simulations of the 23 October 2011 Van (Eastern Turkey Abstract On 23 October 2011 an Mw 7.1 earthquake occurred in eastern Turkey, close to the towns of Van.1 Van earthquake occurred on 23 October 2011 in eastern Turkey, close to the towns of Van and Erci

  10. Enhancing Oblivious RAM Performance Using Dynamic Prefetching Xiangyao Yu, Ling Ren, Christopher Fletcher, Albert Kwon, Marten van Dijk, Srinivas Devadas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Fletcher, Albert Kwon, Marten van Dijk, Srinivas Devadas Massachusetts Institute of Technology - {yxy

  11. Caches and Hash Trees for Efficient Memory Integrity Verification Blaise Gassend, G. Edward Suh, Dwaine Clarke, Marten van Dijk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Ruby B.

    , Dwaine Clarke, Marten van Dijk and Srinivas Devadas Massachusetts Institute of Technology Laboratory

  12. Spin-Flavor van der Waals Forces and NN interaction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alvaro Calle Cordon, Enrique Ruiz Arriola

    2011-12-01

    A major goal in Nuclear Physics is the derivation of the Nucleon-Nucleon (NN) interaction from Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD). In QCD the fundamental degrees of freedom are colored quarks and gluons which are confined to form colorless strongly interacting hadrons. Because of this the resulting nuclear forces at sufficiently large distances correspond to spin-flavor excitations, very much like the dipole excitations generating the van der Waals (vdW) forces acting between atoms. We study the Nucleon-Nucleon interaction in the Born-Oppenheimer approximation at second order in perturbation theory including the Delta resonance as an intermediate state. The potential resembles strongly chiral potentials computed either via soliton models or chiral perturbation theory and has a van der Waals like singularity at short distances which is handled by means of renormalization techniques. Results for the deuteron are discussed.

  13. Eddy currents in a transverse MRI gradient coil. J.M.B. Kroot, S.J.L. van Eijndhoven, A.A.F. van de Ven

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

    Eddy currents in a transverse MRI gradient coil. J.M.B. Kroot, S.J.L. van Eijndhoven, A.A.F. van de logarithmically singular kernel represents inductive effects related to the occurrence of eddy currents on the development of eddy currents in the gradient coils, which have a negative effect on the uniformity

  14. 1Electricity from Sunlight: The Van Allen Probes Solar Panels NASA's twin Van Allen Probes spacecraft will be launched in 2012. The

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1Electricity from Sunlight: The Van Allen Probes Solar Panels NASA's twin Van Allen Probes of the surrounding four solar panel `wings' that provide power to the spacecraft instruments. The small blue rectangles within each of the four solar panels show the location of the solar cells used to power

  15. Secure Key Generation from Biased PUFs Roel Maes1, Vincent van der Leest1, Erik van der Sluis1, and Frans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Secure Key Generation from Biased PUFs Roel Maes1, Vincent van der Leest1, Erik van der Sluis1.U. Eindhoven, Eindhoven, Netherlands f.m.j.willems@tue.nl Abstract. PUF-based key generators have been widely for PUF- based key generation. Additionally, the solutions are all evaluated based on reliability

  16. Structure and dynamics of small van der Waals complexes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loreau, J.

    2014-10-06

    We illustrate computational aspects of the calculation of the potential energy surfaces of small (up to five atoms) van der Waals complexes with high-level quantum chemistry techniques such as the CCSD(T) method with extended basis sets. We discuss the compromise between the required accuracy and the computational time. Further, we show how these potential energy surfaces can be fitted and used in dynamical calculations such as non-reactive inelastic scattering.

  17. A van der Waals free energy in electrolytes revisited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Jancovici

    2006-02-15

    A system of three electrolytes separated by two parallel planes is considered. Each region is described by a dielectric constant and a Coulomb fluid in the Debye-H\\"uckel regime. In their book Dispersion Forces, Mahanty and Ninham have given the van der Waals free energy of this system. We rederive this free energy by a different method, using linear response theory and the electrostatic Maxwell stress tensor for obtaining the dispersion force.

  18. Searches for the SM Higgs Boson in Association with Top Quarks at LHC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zanzi, Daniele; The ATLAS collaboration

    2015-01-01

    Summary of the Run-I results of the searches for the SM Higgs boson produced in associations with top quarks at the LHC. Results performed by both the ATLAS and CMS experiments are presented and include the searches for the Higgs boson produced in association with either a top quark pair or a single top quark. Measurements of the top Yukawa coupling from the combinations of all CMS and ATLAS Higgs boson measurements are also presented together with prospects for the LHC Run-II. Talk for the 25th International Workshop on Weak Interactions and Neutrinos (WIN2015), 08/06/15 in Heidelberg.

  19. Fusion of [sup 32]S+[sup 154]Sm at sub-barrier energies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gomes, P.R.S.; Charret, I.C.; Wanis, R.; Sigaud, G.M. (Departamento de Fisica da Universidade Federal Fluminense, Outeiro S. Joao Batista, Niteroi, 24020 Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)); Vanin, V.R.; Liguori Neto, R. (Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Caixa Postal 20510, Sao Paulo, 01498 Sao Paulo (Brazil)); Abriola, D.; Capurro, O.A.; DiGregorio, D.E.; di Tada, M.; Duchene, G.; Elgue, M.; Etchegoyen, A.; Fernandez Niello, J.O.; Ferrero, A.M.J.; Gil, S.; Macchiavelli, A.O.; Pacheco, A.J.; Testoni, J.E. (Laboratorio TANDAR, Departamento de Fisica, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, Av. del Libertador 8250, 1429 Buenos Aires (Argentina))

    1994-01-01

    Fusion-evaporation cross sections for the [sup 32]S+[sup 154]Sm system at bombarding energies near the Coulomb barrier have been measured by off-line observation of the [ital K] x rays emitted in the radioactive decay of the residual nuclei. The total fusion cross sections were obtained by adding the contributions from evaporation and fission processes. The fusion excitation function for this system is compared with coupled-channel calculations that include the deformation of the target and vibrational states of both target and projectile.

  20. A reliable method for recycling (RE)-Ba-Cu-O (RE: Sm, Gd, Y) bulk superconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shi, Yunhua; Namburi, Devendra Kumar; Wang, Miao; Durrell, John; Dennis, Anthony; Cardwell, David

    2015-06-10

    for recycling any failed (RE)BCO sample by replenishing the liquid phase lost during the primary growth process without first reprocessing the failed samples into powders. To date, we have successfully recycled 58 bulk (RE)-Ba-Cu-O (RE: Sm, Gd, Y) samples... failed, (RE)BCO-Ag bulk samples using an infiltration growth strategy without the need to first reprocess the failed samples into powder form. We believe that the technique relies on the provision of replacement liquid phase to the failed YBCO samples...

  1. Surface state reconstruction in ion-damaged SmB6

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Wakeham, N.; Wang, Y. Q.; Fisk, Z.; Ronning, F.; Thompson, J. D.

    2015-02-12

    We have used ion-irradiation to damage the (001) surfaces of SmB? single crystals to varying depths, and have measured the resistivity as a function of temperature for each depth of damage. We observe a reduction in the residual resistivity with increasing depth of damage. Our data are consistent with a model in which the surface state is not destroyed by the ion-irradiation, however instead the damaged layer is poorly conducting and the initial surface state is reconstructed below the damage. This behavior is consistent with a surface state that is topologically protected.

  2. The importance of $^{22}$Ne($\\alpha$, n)$^{25}$Mg as s-process neutron source and the s-process thermometer $^{151}$Sm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CERN. Geneva. ISOLDE and Neutron Time-of-Flight Experiments Committee; Andriamonje, Samuel A; Angelopoulos, P; Assimakopoulos, P A; Audouin, L; Badurek, G; Bakos, G A; Bauge, E; Baumann, P; Beer, H; Benlliure, J; Benlloch, J M; Boffi, S; Boiano, A; Borcea, C; Brusegan, A; Buono, S; Calviño, F; Cambronero, C F; Cano-Ott, D; Cennini, P; Charpak, Georges; Chepel, V Yu; Colonna, N; Cortés, G; Corvi, F; Cura, J L; Czajkowski, S; Dasso, C H; David, S; De Blas, A; De Poli, M; Del Moral, R; Delaroche, J P; Della Mea, G; Derré, J; Díez, S; Dolfini, R; Durán, I; Eleftheriadis, C; Embid-Segura, M; Farget, F; Ferreira-Marques, R; Ferrari, A; Furman, W I; Gadea, A; Garzón, J A; Giomataris, Ioanis; Giusti, C; González-Romero, E M; Goverdovski, A A; Gramegna, F; Griesmayer, E; Grudzevich, O; Guber, K H; Gundrorin, N; Gunsing, F; Hage-Ali, M; Haight, B; Harissopoulos, S V; Heil, M; Ioannides, K G; Ioannou, P; Isaev, S; Jastrzebski, J J; Jericha, E; Kadi, Y; Käppeler, F K; Kalfas, C A; Karamis, D; Kazakov, L; Kelic, A; Ketlerov, V; Kitis, G; Köhler, P E; Konovalov, V; Kopach, Yu N; Kossionides, E; Lacoste, V; Lavielle, B; Leal, L C; Leeb, H; Leprêtre, A; Lopes, M; Lozano, M; Martínez-Val, J M; Mastinu, P F; Matteucci, M F; Matveev, D V; Mengoni, A; Meunier, R; Milazzo, P M; Mínguez-Torres, E; Mitrofanov, V P; Molina, A; Mordenti, R; Mutti, P; Napiorkowski, P J; Nicolis, N G; Nolte, R; Oberhummer, Heinz; Ordine, A; Ortega, R; Pacati, F D; Pakou, A A; Papadopoulos, I M; Papaevangelou, T; Paradelis, T; Pavlik, A; Pavlopoulos, P; Perlado, J M; Piera, M; Piksaikin, V M; Plag, R; Plompen, A; Poch, A; Policarpo, Armando; Popov, A; Popov, Yu; Pretel, C; Quaranta, A; Quesada, J M; Radermacher, E; Radici, M; Raman, S; Rapp, W; Rauscher, T; Reifarth, R; Rigato, V; Rubbia, Carlo; Rudolf, G; Rullhusen, P; Rundberg, B; Sakelliou, L; Saldaña, F; Santos, D M; Sanz, J; Savvidis, S; Schuhmacher, H; Sedyshev, P V; Sergent, C; Serov, D; Simonoff, M; Stéphan, C; Tagliente, G; Taín, J L; Tapia, C; Tassan-Got, L; Terrani, M; Terchychnyi, R; Tsagas, N; Tzima, A; Vardaci, E; Ventura, A; Villamarín, D; Vlachoudis, V; Voinov, A V; Voss, F; Weigmann, H; Wendler, H; Wiescher, M C; Wisshak, K; Zeinalov, S S; INTC

    2000-01-01

    The importance of $^{22}$Ne($\\alpha$, n)$^{25}$Mg as s-process neutron source and the s-process thermometer $^{151}$Sm

  3. Interim Project Results: United Parcel Service's Second-Generation Hybrid-Electric Delivery Vans (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-01-01

    This fact sheet describes the performance evaluation of United Parcel Service's second-generation hybrid-electric delivery vans. The Fleet Test and Evaluation Team at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is evaluating the 18-month, in-service performance of 11 of these vans along with 11 comparable conventional diesel vans operating in Minneapolis, Minnesota. As a complement to the field study, the team recently completed fuel economy and emissions testing at NREL's Renewable Fuels and Lubricants (ReFUEL) laboratory.

  4. Project Overview: United Parcel Service's Second-Generation Hybrid-Electric Delivery Vans (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-11-01

    This fact sheet describes UPS second generation hybrid-electric delivery vehicles as compared to conventional delivery vehicles. Medium-duty commercial vehicles such as moving trucks, beverage-delivery trucks, and package-delivery vans consume almost 2,000 gal of fuel per year on average. United Parcel Service (UPS) operates hybrid-electric package-delivery vans to reduce the fuel use and emissions of its fleet. In 2008, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL's) Fleet Test and Evaluation Team evaluated the first generation of UPS' hybrid delivery vans. These hybrid vans demonstrated 29%-37% higher fuel economy than comparable conventional diesel vans, which contributed to UPS' decision to add second-generation hybrid vans to its fleet. The Fleet Test and Evaluation Team is now evaluating the 18-month, in-service performance of 11 second-generation hybrid vans and 11 comparable conventional diesel vans operated by UPS in Minneapolis, Minnesota. The evaluation also includes testing fuel economy and emissions at NREL's Renewable Fuels and Lubricants (ReFUEL) Laboratory and comparing diesel particulate filter (DPF) regeneration. In addition, a followup evaluation of UPS' first-generation hybrid vans will show how those vehicles performed over three years of operation. One goal of this project is to provide a consistent comparison of fuel economy and operating costs between the second-generation hybrid vans and comparable conventional vans. Additional goals include quantifying the effects of hybridization on DPF regeneration and helping UPS select delivery routes for its hybrid vans that maximize the benefits of hybrid technology. This document introduces the UPS second-generation hybrid evaluation project. Final results will be available in mid-2012.

  5. Stellar neutron capture cross sections of Nd, Pm, and Sm isotopes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Toukan, K.A. (College of Engineering and Technology, The University of Jordan, Amman (Jordan)); Debus, K.; Kaeppeler, F. (Kernforschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Institut fuer Kernphysik, Postfach 3640 D-76021 Karlsruhe (Germany)); Reffo, G. (ENEA, Laboratorio Dati Nucleari, Viale Ercolani 8, I-40138 Bologna (Italy))

    1995-03-01

    The neutron capture cross sections of [sup 146,148,150]Nd have been determined relative to that of gold by means of the activation method. The samples were irradiated in a quasistellar neutron spectrum for [ital kT]=25 keV using the [sup 7]Li([ital p],[ital n])[sup 7]Be reaction near threshold. Variation of the experimental conditions in different activations and the use of different samples allowed for the reliable determination of corrections and the evaluation of systematic uncertainties. The resulting stellar cross sections can be given with uncertainties around 6%, which represents a considerable improvement compared to previous measurements. These data are complemented by a new set of calculated cross sections for the unstable isotopes [sup 147]Nd, [sup 147,148,149]Pm, and [sup 151]Sm, which act as branching points in the [ital s]-process path. Based on these results, the [ital s]-process flow in the Nd-Pm-Sm region is discussed with respect to the neutron density during stellar helium burning and to isotopic anomalies in meteorites. The updated [ital s]-abundances are also used for a discussion of [ital r]- and [ital p]-process residuals.

  6. For Immediate Release --Thursday, June 19, 2014 Cor Van Raay's $5-million gift to support agricultural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morris, Joy

    of agricultural professions for future generations." Van Raay and his late wife focus to a new farming operation he's establishing in Saskatchewan. The $5

  7. Van Geet Off-Grid Home: An Integrated Approach to Energy Savings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2004-08-01

    The Van Geet home near Denver, Colorado, exemplifies the effectiveness of coupling energy conservation measures with renewable energy utilization in a modern residence.

  8. RE/ZrO{sub 2} (RE = Sm, Eu) composite oxide nano-materials: Synthesis and applications in photocatalysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Du, Weimin, E-mail: duweimin75@gmail.com [College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Anyang Normal University, Anyang, Henan 455002 (China); Zhu, Zhaoqiang [College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Anyang Normal University, Anyang, Henan 455002 (China); College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan 450001 (China); Zhang, Xiaofen; Wang, Dacheng; Liu, Donghe [College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Anyang Normal University, Anyang, Henan 455002 (China); Qian, Xuefeng [School of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Du, Jimin, E-mail: djm@aynu.edu.cn [College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Anyang Normal University, Anyang, Henan 455002 (China)

    2013-10-15

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • RE/ZrO{sub 2} (RE = Sm, Eu) nano-materials have been successfully synthesized. • Defect and electron structures determine the absorption properties on visible light. • Nano-sized Zr{sub 0.8}Sm{sub 0.2}O{sub 2??} has good visible-light-responsive photocatalytic activities. • In the future, it can be used in wastewater treatment and environmental protection. - Abstract: Zirconia modified by Samarium/Europium, RE/ZrO{sub 2} (RE = Sm, Eu), composite oxide nano-materials have been successfully synthesized by improved sol–gel method. Characterization results show that X-ray diffraction (XRD) peaks of products gradually shift to the lower angle with the increase of rare earth which implies that the lattice distances of RE/ZrO{sub 2} nano-materials are gradually enlarged. Moreover, the molar ratios between zirconium and rare earth are consistent with the chemical formula and both of them are uniformly distributed in samples. Optical properties indicate that defect structures and electron configurations of RE/ZrO{sub 2} (RE = Sm, Eu) with single phase determine their absorption properties on visible light. Photocatalytic experiments indicate Zr{sub 0.8}Sm{sub 0.2}O{sub 2??} nano-crystals have excellent visible-light-responsive photocatalytic activities on Methylene blue and Rhodamine B which results from the special defect structure, suitable electronic configuration, and larger specific surface area. It follows that Zr{sub 0.8}Sm{sub 0.2}O{sub 2??} nano-crystals are new visible-light-responsive photocatalysts which can be applied in dye wastewater treatment and environmental protection in the future.

  9. Schistosoma mansoni venom allergen-like protein 4 (SmVAL4) is a novel lipid-binding SCP/TAPS protein that lacks the prototypical CAP motifs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kelleher, Alan [Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030 (United States); Darwiche, Rabih [University of Fribourg, Chemin du Musée 10, CH 1700 Fribourg (Switzerland); Rezende, Wanderson C. [Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030 (United States); Farias, Leonardo P.; Leite, Luciana C. C. [Instituto Butantan, São Paulo, SP (Brazil); Schneiter, Roger [University of Fribourg, Chemin du Musée 10, CH 1700 Fribourg (Switzerland); Asojo, Oluwatoyin A., E-mail: asojo@bcm.edu [Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030 (United States)

    2014-08-01

    The first structure of an S. mansoni venom allergen-like protein is presented. Schistosomiasis is a parasitic disease that affects over 200 million people. Vaccine candidates have been identified, including Schistosoma mansoni venom allergen-like proteins (SmVALs) from the SCP/TAPS (sperm-coating protein/Tpx/antigen 5/pathogenesis related-1/Sc7) superfamily. The first SmVAL structure, SmVAL4, was refined to a resolution limit of 2.16 Å. SmVAL4 has a unique structure that could not be predicted from homologous structures, with longer loops and an unusual C-terminal extension. SmVAL4 has the characteristic ?/?-sandwich and central SCP/TAPS cavity. Furthermore, SmVAL4 has only one of the signature CAP cavity tetrad amino-acid residues and is missing the histidines that coordinate divalent cations such as Zn{sup 2+} in other SCP/TAPS proteins. SmVAL4 has a cavity between ?-helices 1 and 4 that was observed to bind lipids in tablysin-15, suggesting the ability to bind lipids. Subsequently, SmVAL4 was shown to bind cholesterol in vitro. Additionally, SmVAL4 was shown to complement the in vivo sterol-export phenotype of yeast mutants lacking their endogenous CAP proteins. Expression of SmVAL4 in yeast cells lacking endogenous CAP function restores the block in sterol export. These studies suggest an evolutionarily conserved lipid-binding function shared by CAP proteins such as SmVAL4 and yeast CAP proteins such as Pry1.

  10. Body-assisted van der Waals interaction between excited atoms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassan Safari; Mohammad Reza Karimpour

    2014-12-12

    We present a formula for the body-assisted van der Waals interaction potential between two atoms, one or both being prepared in an excited energy eigenstate. The presence of arbitrary arrangement for material environment is taken into account via the Green function. The resulting formula supports one of two conflicting findings recorded. The consistency of our formula is investigated by applying it for the case of two atoms in free space and comparing the resulting expression with the one found from the limiting Casimir-Polder potential between an excited atom and a small dielectric sphere.

  11. Van Allen probes pinpoint driver of speeding electrons

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired SolarAbout /Two0 -Using supercritical carbonValgrindandValuationVan

  12. Mysterious electron stash found hidden among Van Allen belts

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on77 PAGEMissionStressMoveMuncrief Ames019 For moreMy FirstMyVan

  13. Van Buren Light & Power Dist | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company) JumpGTZUtility Rates API VersionVadiumNevada)ValueVan

  14. Van Alstyne, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThin FilmUnitedVairex Corporation Jump to:Valley Rural ElectricVan

  15. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Andrew Roach, Chris Forrest, Jedaiah van Dijk, Jess Herman, Ricky Sangha, Svyatoslav Korshunov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forrest, Jedaiah van Dijk, Jess Herman, Ricky Sangha, Svyatoslav Korshunov REDEVELOPMENT OF THE UBC #3 Andrew Roach Chris Forrest ( Jedaiah van Dijk ( Jess Herman ( Ricky Sangha ( Svyatoslav Korshunov

  16. van Dijk, S., and Polani, D., (2011). Grounding Subgoals in In-formation Transitions. In Proc. IEEE Symposium Series in Com-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polani, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    Preprint van Dijk, S., and Polani, D., (2011). Grounding Subgoals in In- formation Transitions G. van Dijk Daniel Polani Adaptive Systems Research Group Univeristy of Hertfordshire Hatfield, UK

  17. Voorkennis wiskunde voor Biologie, Chemie, Geografie Onderstaand overzicht volgt de structuur van het boek Wiskundige basisvaardigheden met bijhorende

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Einmahl, Uwe

    Voorkennis wiskunde voor Biologie, Chemie, Geografie Onderstaand overzicht volgt de structuur van meer informatie: contacteer csb.etterbeek@vub.ac.be #12;Voorkennis wiskunde voor Biologie, Chemie voor Biologie, Chemie, Geografie Algebra [ ] · Reële getallen rekenregels van reële getallen, decimale

  18. Published as: Daniela Petrelli, Luigina Ciolfi, Dick van Dijk, Eva Hornecker, Elena Not, Albrecht Schmidt. Integrating material

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hornecker, Eva

    Published as: Daniela Petrelli, Luigina Ciolfi, Dick van Dijk, Eva Hornecker, Elena Not, Albrecht.ciolfi@shu.ac.uk Dick van Dijk | Waag Society | dick@waag.org Eva Hornecker | University of Strathclyde | eva

  19. Imaging space charge regions in Sm-doped ceria using electrochemical strain microscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Qian Nataly; Li, Jiangyu; Adler, Stuart B.

    2014-11-17

    Nanocrystalline ceria exhibits a total conductivity several orders of magnitude higher than microcrystalline ceria in air at high temperature. The most widely accepted theory for this enhancement (based on fitting of conductivity data to various transport and kinetic models) is that relatively immobile positively charged defects and/or impurities accumulate at the grain boundary core, leading to a counterbalancing increase in the number of mobile electrons (small polarons) within a diffuse space charge region adjacent to each grain boundary. In an effort to validate this model, we have applied electrochemical strain microscopy to image the location and relative population of mobile electrons near grain boundaries in polycrystalline Sm-doped ceria in air at 20–200?°C. Our results show the first direct (spatially resolved) evidence that such a diffuse space charge region does exist in ceria, and is localized to both grain boundaries and the gas-exposed surface.

  20. The annual particle cycle in Lake Van (Turkey) Mona Stockhecke a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    The annual particle cycle in Lake Van (Turkey) Mona Stockhecke a, , Flavio S. Anselmetti, Jeoloji Mühendislii Bölümü 65080, Van, Turkey c Remote Sensing Laboratories, Department of Geography Anatolia (Turkey), a closed-basin lake located in a transitional zone between major atmospheric circulation

  1. Robust Optimization of Oil Reservoir Flooding G.M. van Essen, M.J. Zandvliet,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van den Hof, Paul

    Robust Optimization of Oil Reservoir Flooding G.M. van Essen, M.J. Zandvliet, P.M.J. Van den Hof developments have been introduced within the field of oil recovery, with the aim to maximize production of oil wells", which are equipped with control valves to actively control the oil production. The optimal

  2. The energization of relativistic electrons in the outer Van Allen radiation belt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    LETTERS The energization of relativistic electrons in the outer Van Allen radiation belt YUE CHEN online: 1 July 2007; doi:10.1038/nphys655 The origin and dynamics of the Van Allen radiation belts is one. These observations represent an important step towards a more complete physical understanding of radiation belt

  3. VAN DER WAALS INTERACTION AND STABILITY OF MULTILAYERED LIQUID-CRYSTALLINE SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarlah, Andreja

    VAN DER WAALS INTERACTION AND STABILITY OF MULTILAYERED LIQUID-CRYSTALLINE SYSTEMS A. Sarlah and S of thin liquid-crystalline depositions. Here we apply the study of the van der Waals force to multilayered nematic liquid-crystalline systems. In nematic wetting systems the degree of nematic order

  4. EARTH'S DEEP WATER CYCLE Steven D. Jacobsen and Suzan van der Lee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Lee, Suzan

    CONTENTS EARTH'S DEEP WATER CYCLE Preface Steven D. Jacobsen and Suzan van der Lee I. Overviews Nominally Anhydrous Minerals and Earth's Deep Water Cycle Joseph R. Smyth and Steven D. Jacobsen Seismological Constraints on Earth's Deep Water Cycle Suzan van der Lee and Doug Wiens II. Water Storage

  5. Delineating Boundaries for Imprecise Regions Iris Reinbacher Marc Benkert Marc van Kreveld

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitchell, Joseph S.B.

    Delineating Boundaries for Imprecise Regions Iris Reinbacher Marc Benkert Marc van Kreveld Joseph S, minimum-perimeter polygons Corresponding Author: Marc van Kreveld Universiteit Utrecht Department: +31 (30) 251 3791 Email: marc@cs.uu.nl 1 #12;Delineating Boundaries for Imprecise Regions Iris

  6. Fouling of HVAC Fin and Tube Heat Exchangers Jeffrey Siegel and Van P. Carey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LBNL-47668 Fouling of HVAC Fin and Tube Heat Exchangers Jeffrey Siegel and Van P. Carey FIN AND TUBE HEAT EXCHANGERS Jeffrey Siegel1,2 and Van P. Carey2 1 Lawrence Berkeley National, USA; E-mail: vcarey@euler.me.berkeley.edu ABSTRACT Fin and tube heat exchangers are used widely

  7. Underwater adhesion of abalone: The role of van der Waals and capillary forces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Marc A.

    Underwater adhesion of abalone: The role of van der Waals and capillary forces A.Y.M. Lin d,*, R reserved. Keywords: Abalone foot; Underwater adhesion; Van der Waals forces 1. Introduction Numerous and capillary forces gen- erated by nanoscaled fibrils on their feet [1­4]. Addition- ally, similar adhesive

  8. TS13 Land Administration in Post-Conflict Areas Paul van der Molen and Christiaan Lemmen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TS13 ­ Land Administration in Post-Conflict Areas Paul van der Molen and Christiaan Lemmen TS13.1 Land Administration in Post-Conflict Areas 3rd FIG Regional Conference Jakarta, Indonesia, October 3-7, 2004 1/12 Land Administration in Post-Conflict Areas Paul van der MOLEN and Christiaan LEMMEN

  9. Kunstmatige Intelligentie (AI) Hoofdstuk 4.1.4 van Russell/Norvig = [RN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kosters, Walter

    10001000100 01101011001 9 #12;AI--Genetische algoritmen Mutatie Bij mutatie wordt elke bit van een individu met een zekere (kleine) kans, de mutation rate, omgeklapt. Een andere optie is om van elk individu een potenti¨ele oplossing, bij- voorbeeld met een "hill-climber". 10 #12;AI--Genetische algoritmen Voorbeeld

  10. Van Dam-Veltman-Zakharov discontinuity in topologically new massive gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yun Soo Myung

    2012-12-31

    We study van Dam-Veltman-Zakharov discontinuity in the topologically new massive gravity (TNMG). The reduction from 2 degrees of freedom to one is interpreted as van Dam-Veltman-Zakharov discontinuity appeared when going from anti-de Sitter spacetime to Minkowski spacetime in the linearized TNMG.

  11. Warm white light emitting ThO{sub 2}:Sm{sup 3+} nanorods: Cationic surfactant assisted reverse micellar synthesis and Photoluminescence properties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gupta, Santosh K.; Gupta, Ruma; Natarajan, V.; Godbole, S.V.

    2014-01-01

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • ThO{sub 2}:Sm{sup 3+} nanoparticles have been synthesized using cationic surfactant assisted reverse micellar route. • HRTEM shows the formation of thoria nanorods. • Photoluminescence investigation shows host as well as samarium ion emission. • Time resolved fluorescence spectroscopy shows the presence of two types of samarium ion in thoria host. - Abstract: Sm{sup 3+} activated thorium oxide nanorods were synthesized by cationic surfactant assisted reverse micellar route. Phase purity, morphological and luminescent properties were investigated by X-ray diffraction, high resolution transmission electron microscopy and photoluminescence spectroscopy. Upon UV light excitation (245 nm), ThO{sub 2}:Sm{sup 3+} exhibited host emission at 447 nm, along with characteristic emission lines of Sm{sup 3+} at 569, 609, 662 and 716 nm. Lifetime spectroscopy shows the presence of two types of Sm{sup 3+} (? = 1.1 ms and 4.9 ms) with different asymmetric ratios.

  12. CDF note 10798 Seach for the SM Higgs boson in the ET +b-jets signature with relaxed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fermilab

    CDF note 10798 Seach for the SM Higgs boson in the ET +b-jets signature with relaxed kinematic cuts) We present a search for the Higgs boson produced in association with a Z or W boson in the ET +b the Higgs boson signal from the remaining background. We check the goodness of our background modeling

  13. Evidence that Voyager-I Exited the Solar Wind at ~85 AU S.M. Krimigis1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Evidence that Voyager-I Exited the Solar Wind at ~85 AU S.M. Krimigis1 , R.B. Decker1 , M.E. HillV/nuc) and species (H, He, C, N, O, Ne, etc). The double-ended detector telescope system is mounted on a stepping

  14. CDF note 10582 Search for SM Higgs boson production in association with tt using no lepton final state

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fermilab

    CDF note 10582 Search for SM Higgs boson production in association with t¯t using no lepton final is that t¯t decay all hadronic mode (all t decay into bqq ). In both cases we consider that the Higgs boson discriminant variable from different neural network to discriminate the Higgs boson signal from remained

  15. 7.5 Influence of Chemical Weathering on Hillslope Forms SM Mudd, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mudd, Simon Marius

    frequently, soil production is cast as a function of soil thickness. Abstract Chemical weathering affects7.5 Influence of Chemical Weathering on Hillslope Forms SM Mudd, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh Model of Hillslope Evolution Including Chemical Weathering 56 7.5.2.1 The Chemical Weathering Mass

  16. SM1I.4.pdf CLEO:2015 OSA 2015 Integrated on-chip C-band optical spectrum analyzer using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bergman, Keren

    SM1I.4.pdf CLEO:2015 © OSA 2015 Integrated on-chip C-band optical spectrum analyzer using dual demonstrate an on-chip optical spectrum analyzer (OSA) using two cascade optical ring resonators. The OSA analysis for terahertz bandwidth. Other chip-scale spectrum analyzers adopt Fabry-Perot cavity filter

  17. Probing the nuclides {sup 102}Pd, {sup 106}Cd, and {sup 144}Sm for resonant neutrinoless double-electron capture

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goncharov, M.; Blaum, K.; Eliseev, S.; Block, M.; Herfurth, F.; Minaya Ramirez, E.; Droese, C.; Schweikhard, L.; Novikov, Yu. N.; Zuber, K.

    2011-08-15

    The Q values for double-electron capture in {sup 102}Pd, {sup 106}Cd, and {sup 144}Sm have been measured by Penning-trap mass spectrometry. The results exclude at present all three nuclides from the list of suitable candidates for a search for resonant neutrinoless double-electron capture.

  18. Aberratie van het licht Stel dat je in een bepaalde richting wilt gaan bewegen. Neem dan het punt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Icke, Vincent

    waar je naartoe beweegt als nulpunt (de "pool") van alle hoekmetingen. Kijk naar een andere richting richting van de pool. Je ziet dus niet meer de hoek maar een andere hoek , gegeven door cos = v + c cos dat cos = 1 ofwel = 0. Dat betekent dat je alles om je heen op de plaats van de pool ziet staan: je

  19. Micro-Bubble Experiments at the Van de Graaff Accelerator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sun, Z. J.; Wardle, Kent E.; Quigley, K. J.; Gromov, Roman; Youker, A. J.; Makarashvili, Vakhtang; Bailey, James; Stepinski, D. C.; Chemerisov, S. D.; Vandegrift, G. F.

    2015-02-01

    In order to test and verify the experimental designs at the linear accelerator (LINAC), several micro-scale bubble ("micro-bubble") experiments were conducted with the 3-MeV Van de Graaff (VDG) electron accelerator. The experimental setups included a square quartz tube, sodium bisulfate solution with different concentrations, cooling coils, gas chromatography (GC) system, raster magnets, and two high-resolution cameras that were controlled by a LabVIEW program. Different beam currents were applied in the VDG irradiation. Bubble generation (radiolysis), thermal expansion, thermal convection, and radiation damage were observed in the experiments. Photographs, videos, and gas formation (O2 + H2) data were collected. The micro-bubble experiments at VDG indicate that the design of the full-scale bubble experiments at the LINAC is reasonable.

  20. Heterostructures based on inorganic and organic van der Waals systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Gwan-Hyoung; Lee, Chul-Ho; Zande, Arend M. van der; Han, Minyong; Cui, Xu; Arefe, Ghidewon; Hone, James; Nuckolls, Colin; Heinz, Tony F.; Kim, Philip

    2014-09-01

    The two-dimensional limit of layered materials has recently been realized through the use of van der Waals (vdW) heterostructures composed of weakly interacting layers. In this paper, we describe two different classes of vdW heterostructures: inorganic vdW heterostructures prepared by co-lamination and restacking; and organic-inorganic hetero-epitaxy created by physical vapor deposition of organic molecule crystals on an inorganic vdW substrate. Both types of heterostructures exhibit atomically clean vdW interfaces. Employing such vdW heterostructures, we have demonstrated various novel devices, including graphene/hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) and MoS{sub 2} heterostructures for memory devices; graphene/MoS{sub 2}/WSe{sub 2}/graphene vertical p-n junctions for photovoltaic devices, and organic crystals on hBN with graphene electrodes for high-performance transistors.

  1. Thirty-Six Month Evaluation of UPS Diesel Hybrid-Electric Delivery Vans

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lammert, M.; Walkowicz, K.

    2012-03-01

    This evaluation compared six hybrids and six standard diesels in UPS facilities in Phoenix, Arizona. Dispatch and maintenance practices are the same at both facilities. GPS logging, fueling, and maintenance records are used to evaluate the performance of these step delivery vans. The hybrids' average monthly mileage rate was 18% less than the diesel vans. The hybrids consistently were driven a fewer number of miles throughout the evaluation period. The hybrids idled more and operating at slower speeds than the diesels, and the diesels spent slightly more time operating at greater speeds, accounting for much of the hybrids fewer monthly miles. The average fuel economy for the hybrid vans is 13.0 mpg, 23% greater than the diesel vans 10.6 mpg. Total hybrid maintenance cost/mile of $0.141 was 9% more than the $0.130 for the diesel vans. Propulsion-related maintenance cost/mile of $0.037 for the hybrid vans was 25% more than the $0.029 for the diesel vans. Neither difference was found to be statistically significant. The hybrid group had a cumulative average of 96.3% uptime, less than the diesel group's 99.0% uptime. The hybrids experienced troubleshooting and recalibration issues related to prototype components that were primarily responsible for the lower uptime figures.

  2. Ternary rare-earth zinc arsenides REZn{sub 1-x}As{sub 2} (RE=La-Nd, Sm)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stoyko, Stanislav S. [Department of Chemistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2G2 (Canada); Mar, Arthur, E-mail: arthur.mar@ualberta.ca [Department of Chemistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2G2 (Canada)

    2011-09-15

    The ternary rare-earth zinc arsenides REZn{sub 1-x}As{sub 2} (RE=La-Nd, Sm) were prepared by reaction of the elements at 800 deg. C. Single-crystal and powder X-ray diffraction analysis revealed a defect SrZnBi{sub 2}-type average structure for the La member (Pearson symbol tI16, space group I4/mmm, Z=4; a=4.0770(9) A, c=20.533(5) A), in contrast to defect HfCuSi{sub 2}-type average structures for the remaining RE members (Pearson symbol tP8, space group P4/nmm, Z=2; a=4.0298(5)-3.9520(4) A, c=10.222(1)-10.099(1) A in the progression from Ce to Sm). The homogeneity range is not appreciable (estimated to be narrower than 0.6<1-x<0.7 in SmZn{sub 1-x}As{sub 2}) and the formula REZn{sub 0.67}As{sub 2} likely represents the Zn-rich phase boundary. The Ce-Nd members are Curie-Weiss paramagnets. LaZn{sub 0.67}As{sub 2} shows activated behavior in its electrical resistivity, whereas SmZn{sub 0.67}As{sub 2} exhibits anomalies in its temperature dependence of the electrical resistivity. - Graphical abstract: LaZn{sub 1-x}As{sub 2} adopts a SrZnBi{sub 2}-type structure whereas the remaining members of the REZn{sub 1-x}As{sub 2} series (RE=Ce-Nd, Sm) adopt a HfCuSi{sub 2}-type structure. Highlights: > REZn{sub 1-x}As{sub 2} adopts SrZnBi{sub 2}-type (RE=La) or HfCuSi{sub 2}-type (RE=Ce-Nd, Sm) structures. > Trends in RE substitution and local distortion around Zn-centered tetrahedra can be rationalized by geometrical factors. > Zn vacancies occur to reduce Zn-As and As-As antibonding interactions.

  3. Design Space Exploration and Optimization of Path Oblivious RAM in Secure Ling Ren, Xiangyao Yu, Christopher W. Fletcher , Marten van Dijk and Srinivas Devadas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    , Xiangyao Yu, Christopher W. Fletcher , Marten van Dijk and Srinivas Devadas MIT CSAIL, Cambridge, MA, USA

  4. A Sensitivity Model (SM) approach to analyze urban development in Taiwan based on sustainability indicators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang Shuli Yeh Chiatsung Budd, William W. Chen Liling

    2009-02-15

    Sustainability indicators have been widely developed to monitor and assess sustainable development. They are expected to guide political decision-making based on their capability to represent states and trends of development. However, using indicators to assess the sustainability of urban strategies and policies has limitations - as they neither reflect the systemic interactions among them, nor provide normative indications in what direction they should be developed. This paper uses a semi-quantitative systematic model tool (Sensitivity Model Tools, SM) to analyze the role of urban development in Taiwan's sustainability. The results indicate that the natural environment in urban area is one of the most critical components and the urban economic production plays a highly active role in affecting Taiwan's sustainable development. The semi-quantitative simulation model integrates sustainability indicators and urban development policy to provide decision-makers with information about the impacts of their decisions on urban development. The system approach incorporated by this paper can be seen as a necessary, but not sufficient, condition for a sustainability assessment. The participatory process of expert participants for providing judgments on the relations between indicator variables is also discussed.

  5. Effects of anharmonic vibration on large-angle quasi-elastic scattering of 16O+144Sm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muhammad Zamrun F.; K. Hagino

    2007-10-15

    We study the effects of double octupole and quadrupole phonon excitations in the 144Sm nucleus on quasi-elastic 16O+144Sm scattering at backward angles. To this end, we use the coupled-channels framework, taking into account explicitly the anharmonicities of the vibrations. We use the same coupling scheme as that previously employed to explain the experimental data of sub-barrier fusion cross sections for the same system. We show that the experimental data for the quasi-elastic cross sections are well reproduced in this way, although the quasi-elastic barrier distribution has a distinct high energy peak which is somewhat smeared in the experimental barrier distribution. We also discuss the effects of proton transfer on the quasi-elastic barrier distribution. Our study indicates that the fusion and quasi-elastic barrier distributions for this system cannot be accounted for simultaneously with the standard coupled-channels approach.

  6. In dit artikel zal worden uitgelegd wat het belang is van cognitieve ergonomie voor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theune, Mariët

    werd toen, in navolging van Falzon (1990), om schreven als: "Cognitive ergonomics can be defined systems engtneering for user-computer in terface design." ··cognitive ergonomics (or software ergonomics

  7. Relative Photometry with data from the Peter van de Kamp Observatory D. Cohen and E. Jensen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, David

    Relative Photometry with data from the Peter van de Kamp Observatory D with those reduced images. While in principle, we could "do photometry on" some can download the data: http://astro.swarthmore.edu/~cohen/telescope/sample_photometry

  8. Chemical reaction rates using the semiclassical Van-Vleck initial value representation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Venkataraman, Charulatha; Miller, William H.

    2008-01-01

    Chemical reaction rates using the semiclassical Van-Vleckof California, and Chemical Sciences Division, LawrenceCH 4 reaction to a model for a chemical reaction in a polar

  9. Op het werkcollege en college zijn de functie en de randen {n} van de vierkanten

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hulshof, Joost

    ! + 1 (3!)2 7 360 )z4 + · · ·) De andere polen zijn steeds de nulpunten van sin of cos, eerste orde polen, residuen dus makkelijk te bepalen, let op plussen en minnen! 1 #12;

  10. Graphene on boron-nitride: Moiré pattern in the van der Waals energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neek-Amal, M. [Department of Physics, University of Antwerpen, Groenenborgerlaan 171, B-2020 Antwerpen (Belgium); Department of Physics, Shahid Rajaee University, Lavizan, Tehran 16788 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Peeters, F. M. [Department of Physics, University of Antwerpen, Groenenborgerlaan 171, B-2020 Antwerpen (Belgium)

    2014-01-27

    The spatial dependence of the van der Waals (vdW) energy between graphene and hexagonal boron-nitride (h-BN) is investigated using atomistic simulations. The van der Waals energy between graphene and h-BN shows a hexagonal superlattice structure identical to the observed Moiré pattern in the local density of states, which depends on the lattice mismatch and misorientation angle between graphene and h-BN. Our results provide atomistic features of the weak van der Waals interaction between graphene and BN which are in agreement with experiment and provide an analytical expression for the size of the spatial variation of the weak van der Waals interaction. We also found that the A-B-lattice symmetry of graphene is broken along the armchair direction.

  11. LgCOOleS, Se*&,,

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth DakotaRobbins and MyersHr. Anthony V. Andolina:I 1 '\ LI g.3LTSI9

  12. SUBJECT: MEMORANDUM DAu&!Lg)_)~Q-----__

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth DakotaRobbins and700 GJO-2003-411-TACe -'SIhBCL:kJriited

  13. LG Chem Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervar HydroElectric Cooperative(RedirectedChem Ltd Jump to:

  14. Formation of a heterometallic AlIII/SmIII complex involving a novel [EtAl(2-py)2O]2- ligand (2-py = 2-pyridyl)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    García-Rodríguez, Raúl; Simmonds, Hayley R.; Wright, Dominic S.

    2014-11-12

    -bridged Al-O-Sm arrangement in the structure of 2 is potentially relevant to the catalytic epoxidation of styrene with dry air using heterobimetallic sandwich compounds like 1a....

  15. Rose F. Kennedy Center is located north of Van Etten, amid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bukauskas, Feliksas

    NORTH CAMPUS SOUTH CAMPUS Rose F. Kennedy Center is located north of Van Etten, amid Jacobi Medical Pavilion (1301 Morris Park Ave.) VE Van Etten Building (1225 Morris Park Ave.) KE Rose F. Kennedy Center RH E S H I V A U N I V E R S I T Y Albert Einstein College of Medicine P LE CC LW H To Kennedy Center

  16. A Study of the forced Van der Pol generalized oscillator with renormalization group method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. A. Hinvi; A. V. Monwanou; J. B. Chabi Orou

    2013-11-04

    In this paper the equation of forced Van der Pol generalized oscillator is examined with renormalization group method. A brief recall of the renormalization group technique is done. We have applied this method to the equation of forced Van der Pol generalized oscillator to search for its asymptotic solution and its renormalization group equation. The analysis of the numerical simulation graph is done; the method's efficiency is pointed out.

  17. Van der Waals forces from first principles for periodic systems: Application to graphene-water interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pouya Partovi-Azar; T. D. Kühne

    2015-04-17

    We extend the method of Silvestrelli [P. L. Silvestrelli, J. Chem. Phys. 139, 054106 (2013)] to approximate long-range van der Waals interactions at the density functional theory level based on maximally localized Wannier functions combined with the quantum harmonic oscillator model, to periodic systems. Applying this scheme to study London dispersion forces between graphene and water layers, we demonstrate that collective many-body effects beyond simple additive pair-wise interactions are essential to accurately describe van der Waals forces.

  18. Van der Waals forces from first principles for periodic systems: Application to graphene-water interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Partovi-Azar, Pouya

    2015-01-01

    We extend the method of Silvestrelli [P. L. Silvestrelli, J. Chem. Phys. 139, 054106 (2013)] to approximate long-range van der Waals interactions at the density functional theory level based on maximally localized Wannier functions combined with the quantum harmonic oscillator model, to periodic systems. Applying this scheme to study London dispersion forces between graphene and water layers, we demonstrate that collective many-body effects beyond simple additive pair-wise interactions are essential to accurately describe van der Waals forces.

  19. Surround-gated vertical nanowire quantum dots M. H. M. van Weert,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    arsenide phosphide InAsP quantum dots embedded in vertical surround-gated indium phosphide InP nanowires dots. The InAsP quantum dots, embedded in InP nanowires, are grown in the vapor-liquid-solid mode usingSurround-gated vertical nanowire quantum dots M. H. M. van Weert,1 M. den Heijer,1 M. P. van Kouwen

  20. Structural and Functional Adaptation of Vancomycin Resistance VanT Serine Racemases

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Meziane-Cherif, Djalal; Stogios, Peter J.; Evdokimova, Elena; Egorova, Olga; Savchenko, Alexei; Courvalin, Patrice

    2015-08-11

    Vancomycin resistance in Gram-positive bacteria results from the replacement of the D-alanyl–D-alanine target of peptidoglycan precursors with D-alanyl–D-lactate or D-alanyl–D-serine (D-Ala-D-Ser), to which vancomycin has low binding affinity. VanT is one of the proteins required for the production of D-Ala-D-Ser-terminating precursors by converting L-Ser to D-Ser. VanT is composed of two domains, an N-terminal membrane-bound domain, likely involved in L-Ser uptake, and a C-terminal cytoplasmic catalytic domain which is related to bacterial alanine racemases. To gain insight into the molecular function of VanT, the crystal structure of the catalytic domain of VanTG from VanG-type resistant Enterococcus faecalis BM4518 wasmore »determined. The structure showed significant similarity to type III pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP)-dependent alanine racemases, which are essential for peptidoglycan synthesis. Comparative structural analysis between VanTG and alanine racemases as well as site-directed mutagenesis identified three specific active site positions centered around Asn696 which are responsible for theL-amino acid specificity. This analysis also suggested that VanT racemases evolved from regular alanine racemases by acquiring additional selectivity toward serine while preserving that for alanine. The 4-fold-lower relative catalytic efficiency of VanTG against L-Ser versus L-Ala implied that this enzyme relies on its membrane-bound domain for L-Ser transport to increase the overall rate of D-Ser production. These findings illustrate how vancomycin pressure selected for molecular adaptation of a housekeeping enzyme to a bifunctional enzyme to allow for peptidoglycan remodeling, a strategy increasingly observed in antibiotic-resistant bacteria.« less

  1. Inflationary magnetogenesis, derivative couplings and relativistic Van der Waals interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giovannini, Massimo

    2015-01-01

    When the gauge fields have derivative couplings to scalars, like in the case of the relativistic theory of Van der Waals (or Casimir-Polder) interactions, conformal invariance is broken but the magnetic and electric susceptibilities are not bound to coincide. We analyze the formation of large-scale magnetic fields in slow-roll inflation and find that they are generated at the level of few hundredths of a nG and over typical length scales between few Mpc and $100$ Mpc. Using a new time parametrization that reduces to conformal time but only for coincident susceptibilities, the gauge action is quantized while the evolution equations of the corresponding mode functions are more easily solvable. The power spectra depend on the normalized rates of variation of the two susceptibilities (or of the corresponding gauge couplings) and on the absolute value of their ratio at the beginning of inflation. We pin down explicit regions in the parameter space where all the physical requirements (i.e. the backreaction constrai...

  2. Inflationary magnetogenesis, derivative couplings and relativistic Van der Waals interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massimo Giovannini

    2015-06-12

    When the gauge fields have derivative couplings to scalars, like in the case of the relativistic theory of Van der Waals (or Casimir-Polder) interactions, conformal invariance is broken but the magnetic and electric susceptibilities are not bound to coincide. We analyze the formation of large-scale magnetic fields in slow-roll inflation and find that they are generated at the level of few hundredths of a nG and over typical length scales between few Mpc and $100$ Mpc. Using a new time parametrization that reduces to conformal time but only for coincident susceptibilities, the gauge action is quantized while the evolution equations of the corresponding mode functions are more easily solvable. The power spectra depend on the normalized rates of variation of the two susceptibilities (or of the corresponding gauge couplings) and on the absolute value of their ratio at the beginning of inflation. We pin down explicit regions in the parameter space where all the physical requirements (i.e. the backreaction constraints, the magnetogenesis bounds and the naturalness of the initial conditions of the scenario) are jointly satisfied. Weakly coupled initial data are favoured if the gauge couplings are of the same order at the end of inflation. Duality is systematically used to simplify the analysis of the wide parameter space of the model.

  3. Casimir and van der Waals forces: Advances and problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. L. Klimchitskaya; V. M. Mostepanenko

    2015-07-09

    We review modern achievements and problems in physics of the van der Waals and Casimir forces which arise due to zero-point and thermal fluctuations of the electromagnetic field between closely spaced material surfaces. This subject attracted great experimental and theoretical attention during the last few years because the fluctuation-induced forces find a lot of applications in both fundamental physics and nanotechnology. After a short introduction to the subject, we describe main experimental and theoretical results obtained in the field during the last fifteen years. In the following presentation, we discuss some of the recent results by the authors and their collaborators which are of high promise for future developments. Specifically, we consider new features of the Casimir force acting between a gold sphere and an indium tin oxide plate, present the experimental and theoretical results on measuring the Casimir interaction between two gold surfaces by means of dynamic atomic force microscope, and outline first measurements of the Casimir interaction between magnetic surfaces and related theory. Special attention is devoted to the Casimir effect for graphene, which is the prospective material for microelectromechanical devices of next generations.

  4. Particle Number Fluctuations for van der Waals Equation of State

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Vovchenko; D. V. Anchishkin; M. I. Gorenstein

    2015-02-04

    The van der Waals (VDW) equation of state describes a thermal equilibrium in system of particles, where both repulsive and attractive interactions between them are included. This equation predicts an existence of the 1st order liquid-gas phase transition and the critical point. The standard form of the VDW equation is given by the pressure function in the canonical ensemble (CE) with a fixed number of particles. In the present paper the VDW equation is transformed to the grand canonical ensemble (GCE). We argue that this procedure can be useful for new physical applications. Particularly, the fluctuations of number of particles, which are absent in the CE, can be studied in the GCE. For the VDW equation of state in the GCE the particle number fluctuations are calculated for the whole phase diagram, both outside and inside the liquid-gas mixed phase region. It is shown that the scaled variance of these fluctuations remains finite within the mixed phase and goes to infinity at the critical point. The GCE formulation of the VDW equation of state can be also an important step for its application to a statistical description of hadronic systems, where numbers of different particle species are usually not conserved.

  5. Seismic Response of the SchoolSeismic Response of the School Buildings in Van to the EarthquakeBuildings in Van to the Earthquake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seismic Response of the SchoolSeismic Response of the School Buildings in Van to the Earthquake, Yavuz Durgun, Istanbul Technical University, 8-9 February, 2012-Istanbul 2/40 SEISMIC RESPONSE.11.201109.11.2011 2. School buildings in the Turkish Seismic Code 3. Typical school buildings in Turkey 4. Seismic

  6. Synthesis and electrical properties of scheelite Ca{sub 1-x}Sm{sub x}MoO{sub 4+{delta}} solid electrolyte ceramics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cheng, Jihai, E-mail: cjh@hfuu.edu.cn [Department of Chemistry and Materials Engineering, Hefei University, Hefei 230022 (China) [Department of Chemistry and Materials Engineering, Hefei University, Hefei 230022 (China); Key Lab of Powder and Energy Sources Materials, Hefei University, Hefei 230022 (China); Liu, Chenfei; Cao, Wenbing; Qi, Mingxing; Shao, Guoquan [Department of Chemistry and Materials Engineering, Hefei University, Hefei 230022 (China)] [Department of Chemistry and Materials Engineering, Hefei University, Hefei 230022 (China)

    2011-02-15

    Graphical abstract: Scheelite-type Ca{sub 1-x}Sm{sub x}MoO{sub 4+{delta}} electrolyte ceramics can be considered as one of the best candidates to replace the YSZ electrolyte materials for SOFCs because of their high oxide ion conduction. Research highlights: {yields} Sm{sub x}Ca{sub 1-x}MoO{sub 4+{delta}} solid electrolyte with a tetragonal scheelite structure. {yields} Sm{sub x}Ca{sub 1-x}MoO{sub 4+{delta}} electrolyte is one of the best candidates to replace the YSZ electrolyte for SOFCs because of their high oxide ion conduction. {yields} The sintering temperature is greatly lower than traditional YSZ electrolyte. -- Abstract: Scheelite-type Ca{sub 1-x}Sm{sub x}MoO{sub 4+{delta}} electrolyte powders were prepared by the sol-gel auto-combustion process. The crystal structure of the samples was determined by employing the techniques of X-ray diffraction (XRD). According to the XRD analysis, the formed continuous series of Ca{sub 1-x}Sm{sub x}MoO{sub 4+{delta}} (0 {<=} x {<=} 0.3) solid solutions had the structure of tetragonal scheelite, and the lattice parameters increased with increasing x in the Sm-substituted system. Results of sinterability and electrochemical testing revealed that the performances of Sm-doped calcium molybdate were superior to that of pure CaMoO{sub 4}. Ca{sub 1-x}Sm{sub x}MoO{sub 4+{delta}} ceramics show higher sinterability, and the Ca{sub 0.8}Sm{sub 0.2}MoO{sub 4+{delta}} sample with 98.7% of the theoretical density were obtained after being sintered at 1250 {sup o}C for 4 h. The conductivity increased with increasing samarium content, and a total conductivity 9.54 x 10{sup -3} S cm{sup -1} at 800 {sup o}C could be obtained in Ca{sub 0.8}Sm{sub 0.2}MoO{sub 4+{delta}} sintered at 1250 {sup o}C for 4 h.

  7. Conformational changes in actinmyosin isoforms probed by Ni(II)GlyGlyHis JULIETTE VAN DIJK1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manstein, Dietmar J.

    VAN DIJK1 , CHRYSTEL LAFONT1 , MENNO L.W. KNETSCH2 , JEAN DERANCOURT1 , DIETMAR J. MANSTEIN2 , ERIC C

  8. Surface state reconstruction in ion-damaged SmB6

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wakeham, N.; Wang, Y. Q.; Fisk, Z.; Ronning, F.; Thompson, J. D.

    2015-02-12

    We have used ion-irradiation to damage the (001) surfaces of SmB? single crystals to varying depths, and have measured the resistivity as a function of temperature for each depth of damage. We observe a reduction in the residual resistivity with increasing depth of damage. Our data are consistent with a model in which the surface state is not destroyed by the ion-irradiation, however instead the damaged layer is poorly conducting and the initial surface state is reconstructed below the damage. This behavior is consistent with a surface state that is topologically protected.

  9. HETEROGENEOUS ISOTOPIC ANOMALIES OF SM AND GD IN THE NORTON COUNTY METEORITE: EVIDENCE FOR IRRADIATION FROM THE ACTIVE EARLY SUN

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hidaka, Hiroshi; Kondo, Tomoyo; Yoneda, Shigekazu

    2012-02-20

    Large and heterogeneous isotopic variations of {sup 150}Sm/{sup 149}Sm and {sup 158}Gd/{sup 157}Gd due to neutron capture reactions caused by cosmic-ray irradiation were found in chemical and mineral separates from the Norton County meteorite. The light-colored separates, consisting mainly of enstatite (Mg{sub 2}Si{sub 2}O{sub 6}), have a very large neutron fluence of 1.98 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 17} n cm{sup -2}, which is 10 times higher than that of the whole rock. Furthermore, four chemical separates showed a large variation in neutron fluences, ranging from 1.82 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 16} to 1.87 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 17} n cm{sup -2}. The variable amounts of neutron fluences from a small single fragment of the Norton County meteorite cannot be simply explained by single-stage cosmic-ray irradiation in space. Rare earth element (REE) analyses revealed that the fractions with high neutron fluences have similar chemical properties to those in the early condensates in the solar system, showing depletions of Eu and Yb in their REE abundance patterns. The data provide evidence for an activity of the early Sun (T Tauri), suggesting the migration of early and intense irradiation materials into the Norton County meteorite's parent body.

  10. van Dijk, S., and Polani, D., (2011). Look-Ahead Relevant In-formation: Reducing Cognitive Burden over Prolonged Tasks. In

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polani, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    Preprint van Dijk, S., and Polani, D., (2011). Look-Ahead Relevant In- formation: Reducing Prolonged Tasks Sander G. van Dijk Daniel Polani Adaptive Systems Research Group Univeristy of Hertfordshire

  11. 1 van der Waals Interactions on the Mesoscale: Open-Science 2 Implementation, Anisotropy, Retardation, and Solvent Effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Podgornik, Rudolf

    1 van der Waals Interactions on the Mesoscale: Open-Science 2 Implementation, Anisotropy Ljubljana, Slovenia 13 ABSTRACT: The self-assembly of heterogeneous mesoscale systems is mediated by 14 long-range interactions, including van der Waals forces. Diverse mesoscale 15 architectures, built of optically

  12. Practical Cryptography in High Dimensional Marten van Dijk 1 , Robert Granger 2 , Dan Page 2 , Karl Rubin 3, # , Alice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Practical Cryptography in High Dimensional Tori Marten van Dijk 1 , Robert Granger 2 , Dan Page 2 Dijk and Woodru# introduced a new way of using the algebraic tori Tn in cryptography, and obtained key cryptosystem. Although Tn is not known to be rational in general, van Dijk and Woodru# [6] show

  13. 2 15.10.2013 Van D. BaxterVolker Weinmann Hybrid heat pump system as chance for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    pumps Condensing gas and oil boilers DHW tanks Solar panels Under floor heating Installation equipment#12;2 15.10.2013 Van D. BaxterVolker Weinmann Hybrid heat pump system as chance for the renovation market Dipl.-Ing. Volker Weinmann ROTEX Heating Systems GmbH #12;3 15.10.2013 Van D. Baxter

  14. Knowledge-based Patient Data Generation Zhisheng Huang, Frank van Harmelen, Annette ten Teije, and Kathrin Dentler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Harmelen, Frank

    Knowledge-based Patient Data Generation Zhisheng Huang, Frank van Harmelen, Annette ten Teije and the quality of the data. By defining the required format, data can easily be generated based on realistic,Frank.van.Harmelen,annette,k.dentler}@cs.vu.nl Abstract. The development and investigation of medical applications require patient data from various

  15. 0036-1445/81.'"2301-0005 $01.00/0 f^MATICAL REMARKS ON THE VAN ALLEN RADIATION BELT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knill, Oliver

    0036-1445/81.'"2301-0005 $01.00/0 f^MATICAL REMARKS ON THE VAN ALLEN RADIATION BELT: A SURVEY radiation belt, were seemingly i vv j . {severai vears. sd, some of these particles were observed to have center or "adiabatic" approximation.) Under these circumstances, it was #12;THE VAN ALLEN RADIATION BELT

  16. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. ???, XXXX, DOI:10.1029/, The 2011 Mw 7.1 Van (Eastern Turkey) Earthquake -1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. ???, XXXX, DOI:10.1029/, The 2011 Mw 7.1 Van (Eastern Turkey, 2012, 5:45pm D R A F T #12;X - 2 ELLIOTT ET AL.: 2011 VAN EARTHQUAKE, EASTERN TURKEY moment and source.: 2011 VAN EARTHQUAKE, EASTERN TURKEY X - 3 Interferograms from the ENVISAT satellite were derived from

  17. BRAIN MORPHOLOGY IN TWINS DISCORDANT FOR BIPOLAR DISORDER Van Erp, T.G.M., Thompson, P.M., Kiesepp, T., Tran, H.L., Correll, C.M.,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Paul

    BRAIN MORPHOLOGY IN TWINS DISCORDANT FOR BIPOLAR DISORDER Van Erp, T.G.M., Thompson, P.M., Kieseppä morphology in schizophrenia (Cannon et al., 2002; van Erp et al., In press). In our region of interest (ROI and association analyses in the search for predisposing genes. Cannon, T. D., Thompson, P. M., van Erp, T. G

  18. Coincidence measurements between alpha particles and gamma rays in reactions induced by 85 and 155 MeV ¹²C on ¹??Sm 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cala, Steven Edward

    1978-01-01

    to fusion. Gamma rays in coincidence with the emitted alpha particles show that a fused system composed of the target plus the massive part of the projectile is produced. 12 In this work, 7. 1 and 12. 9 Nev/nucleon C beams incident on 154 Sm have been... in Reactions Induced by 85 and 155 NeV C on Sm. (August 1978) Steven Edward Cela, B. S. , Purdue University Chairmen of Advisory Committee: Prof. Thomas T. Sugihara A great deal has been learned about the compound nucleus and the fusion process by studying...

  19. LG Electronics v. DOE - Defendants' Brief in Opposition to Plaintiff LG

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURING OFFICE INDUSTRIALU.S. DepartmentJeanKeyLANL SustainableRoadway4ProgramElectronics'

  20. Linear response time-dependent density functional theory for van der Waals coefficients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu, Xi

    Linear response time-dependent density functional theory for van der Waals coefficients X. Chu Received 9 January 2004; accepted 15 June 2004 A linear response time-dependent density functional theory description of the linear response function and of the induced self- consistent field, which adequately

  1. Casting a Polyhedron with Directional Uncertainty Hee-kap Ahn Otfried Cheong Rene van Oostrum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Casting a Polyhedron with Directional Uncertainty£ Hee-kap Ahn££ Otfried Cheong££ Ren´e van Oostrum££ Abstract Casting is a manufacturing process in which molten material is poured into a cast (mould), which with imperfect control of the casting machinery. In this paper, we consider directional uncertainty: given a 3

  2. Curriculum Learning for Motor Skills Andrej Karpathy and Michiel van de Panne

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Panne, M. van de

    Curriculum Learning for Motor Skills Andrej Karpathy and Michiel van de Panne University of British by this general idea, we develop an approach for learning motor skills based on a two-level curriculum. At the high level, the curriculum specifies an order in which different skills should be learned. At the low

  3. Practical Guidelines for the Readability of IT-architecture Henk Koning Claire Dormann Hans van Vliet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Hans

    and evolution". Van Vliet [26] places the architecture phase in the software life cycle between the requirements of a more comprehensive research project on "Visualisation of IT- architecture". GENERAL TERMS DocumentationPractical Guidelines for the Readability of IT-architecture Diagrams Henk Koning Claire Dormann

  4. Delft Hydraulic's Large Wind-Wave Flume Paul van Vliet 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaehne, Bernd

    499 Delft Hydraulic's Large Wind-Wave Flume Paul van Vliet 1 , Frank Hering 2 , and Bernd J¨ahne 2,3 1 Waterloopkundig Laboratorium, Delft Hydraulics Laboratory Rotterdamseweg 185, NL-2692 HD Delft in the seventies, Delft Hydraulics large wind wave flume was totally overhauled to fit the needs of scientists

  5. Laser Excitation of a Fracture Source for Elastic Waves Thomas E. Blum* and Kasper van Wijk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snieder, Roel

    Laser Excitation of a Fracture Source for Elastic Waves Thomas E. Blum* and Kasper van Wijk a transparent sample by focusing laser light directly onto this fracture. The associated displacement field, measured by a laser interferometer, has pronounced waves that are diffracted at the fracture tips. We

  6. Model Repair --Aligning Process Models to Reality Dirk Fahland, Wil M.P. van der Aalst

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    discovery and (2) conformance checking. Process discovery techniques automatically construct a process model an existing process model does not conform to reality one could -- in principle -- use process discoveryModel Repair -- Aligning Process Models to Reality Dirk Fahland, Wil M.P. van der Aalst Eindhoven

  7. Distributed Process Discovery and Conformance Wil M.P. van der Aalst1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    are process discovery (i.e., learning a process model from example behavior recorded in an event logDistributed Process Discovery and Conformance Checking Wil M.P. van der Aalst1,2 1 Eindhoven) and conformance checking (i.e., comparing modeled behavior with observed behavior). Process mining is motivated

  8. Variability of magnetic soil properties in Hawaii Remke L. van Dam*a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borchers, Brian

    Variability of magnetic soil properties in Hawaii Remke L. van Dam*a , J. Bruce J. Harrisona , Jan Hawaiian Islands: O'ahu, Kaho'olawe, and Hawaii. The data show a strong negative correlation between mean oxides, magnetic soils, soil development, Hawaii 1. INTRODUCTION Electromagnetic (EM) and magnetic

  9. Van Eekelen: `Informatica, daal af uit ivoren toren' Meer samenhang in IT-onderwijsniveaus nodig

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Eekelen, Marko

    Van Eekelen: `Informatica, daal af uit ivoren toren' Meer samenhang in IT-onderwijsniveaus nodig hun ivoren toren moeten afdalen om de aansluiting tussen het middelbaar informatica-onderwijs en het hoger informatica-onderwijs in Nederland te verbeteren. Het gaat volgens hem goed met informatica

  10. Fossil flat-slab subduction beneath the Illinois basin, USA Heather Bedle , Suzan van der Lee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Lee, Suzan

    .tecto.2006.06.003 #12;basin and mechanisms of basin formation, and interpret the Illinois basinFossil flat-slab subduction beneath the Illinois basin, USA Heather Bedle , Suzan van der Lee August 2006 Abstract The Illinois basin is one of several well-studied intracratonic sedimentary basins

  11. Geosocial Graph-Based Community Detection Yves van Gennip, Huiyi Hu, Blake Hunter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soatto, Stefano

    geosocial information. The data come from the policing district Hollenbeck (see Fig. 1) in Los AngelesGeosocial Graph-Based Community Detection Yves van Gennip, Huiyi Hu, Blake Hunter Department of Mathematics University of California, Los Angeles Los Angeles, CA, USA Email: yvgennip@math.ucla.edu, huiyihu

  12. Analysis of BGP Prefix Origins During Google's May 2005 Outage Tao Wan Paul C. van Oorschot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Oorschot, Paul

    Analysis of BGP Prefix Origins During Google's May 2005 Outage Tao Wan Paul C. van Oorschot School- vice outage is BGP. To pursue the latter possibility further, we explore how BGP was functioning during prior to the service outage. As a result, 49.1% of ASes re-advertising routes for 64

  13. School Name Team Name Coach/Teacher Bloomfield HS Van Allen Belts Jason McCaughey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Devoret, Michel H.

    School Name Team Name Coach/Teacher Bloomfield HS Van Allen Belts Jason Mc Rangers Peter Schmitt Mauro Sheridan Middle School Apple Sue Brown Mercy HS Quanta Buff Bachenheimer Millbrook School Spooky Action Somerset Waters Naugatuck HS Gone Fission Marc Pardee

  14. The Cosmic Web: Geometric Analysis Rien van de Weygaert & Willem Schaap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weijgaert, Rien van de

    The Cosmic Web: Geometric Analysis Rien van de Weygaert & Willem Schaap Kapteyn Astronomical Weygaert & Willem Schaap 1 Outline: Patterns in the Cosmic Web The spatial cosmic matter distribution of scales and densities ­ are three major characteristics of we have come to know as the Cosmic Web

  15. A PHOTOGRAMMETRIC MEASUREMENT METHOD USING CSG MODELS Pierre Ermes, Frank A. van den Heuvel, George Vosselman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vosselman, George

    A PHOTOGRAMMETRIC MEASUREMENT METHOD USING CSG MODELS Pierre Ermes, Frank A. van den Heuvel, George Delft, The Netherlands E-mail: {P.Ermes, F.A.vandenHeuvel, G.Vosselman}@geo.tudelft.nl Commission V is embedded in a measurement system for piping installations, as is discussed in a broader context by Ermes

  16. Discrimination and its sensitivity in probabilistic networks Silja Renooij and Linda C. van der Gaag

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Discrimination and its sensitivity in probabilistic networks Silja Renooij and Linda C. van der introduce a concept of discrimination, and illustrate a measure to this end, based upon joint posterior probabilities. In addition, we address the sensitivity of discrimination to inaccuracies in a network

  17. Acoustically driven cavitation cluster collapse in planar geometry Ivan van der Kroon,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohl, Claus-Dieter

    in hydrodynamic cavitation. Their damaging potential is explained with a collective cavi- tation collapse front in spallation neutron sources 14 . In hydrodynamics cavitation, the positions of the cavities in the clusterAcoustically driven cavitation cluster collapse in planar geometry Ivan van der Kroon,1 Pedro A

  18. 606-8502 onuki@scphys.kyoto-u.ac.jp 19 van der Waals .

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . , T -T , . Nu > 1 . . , , . . . . , . , . , , , . heat pipe) . , . ( . , . . . 50 19 . van der Waals(1837 s (crossover) . SO normal SO super FIG. 5. He4 SO TSO(Q) - TSO(Qref ). (heat flux)Q . Qref = 100nW/cm2 (= 1erg) . -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 s/ y x gravity heat flow || 2 x y FIG. 6. 2 . : (12) ( s ). : ( ||2

  19. Spark-gap atomic emission microscopy. II. Improvements in resolution P. G. Van Patten,a)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myrick, Michael Lenn

    Spark-gap atomic emission microscopy. II. Improvements in resolution P. G. Van Patten,a) J. D. Noll which enhance performance in spark-gap atomic emission microscopy SGAEM experiments. SGAEM is a recent as small as 5 V, and intense atomic emission has been observed in such sparks. Small 1 nF , high

  20. A dynamical investigation of the heat and helium imbalance Peter E. van Keken aY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Keken, Peter

    and helium released from the whole mantle convection models is smaller than the production ratioA dynamical investigation of the heat and helium imbalance Peter E. van Keken aY *, Chris J; accepted 6 April 2001 Abstract The terrestrial heat^helium imbalance [O'Nions and Oxburgh, Nature 306 (1983

  1. Scalable Management and Data Mining using Robbert van Renesse, Kenneth Birman, Dan Dumitriu, Werner Vogels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keinan, Alon

    Scalable Management and Data Mining using Astrolabe Robbert van Renesse, Kenneth Birman, Dan abstraction. Although deigned for scalable man- agement and data mining, the system can also support wide. The aggregation mechanism is controlled by SQL queries, and can be understood as a type of data mining capability

  2. Optimal server allocation typeset May 6, 2009 Smith, Cruz, & van Woensel Optimal Server Allocation in General,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cruz, Frederico

    allocating servers to the network topology. Convexity of the objective function along with results fromOptimal server allocation typeset May 6, 2009 Smith, Cruz, & van Woensel Optimal Server Allocation distributions are considered in this paper. An approach to optimally allocate servers to se- ries, merge

  3. What Tacoma Taught Us Dag Johansen \\Lambda Fred B. Schneider y and Robbert van Renesse y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schneider, Fred B.

    What Tacoma Taught Us Dag Johansen \\Lambda Fred B. Schneider y and Robbert van Renesse y 1 Introduction Tacoma is a system for supporting processes---so called agents---whose ex­ ecution moves from. The current versions of Tacoma provide support for agents written in C, C++, ML, Perl, Python, Scheme

  4. A Taxonomy of Web Agents Zhisheng Huang , Anton Eliens ;+ , Alex van Ballegooij + , and Paul de Bra ;+

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Zhisheng

    A Taxonomy of Web Agents Zhisheng Huang #3; , Anton EliË?ens #3;;+ , Alex van Ballegooij,eliensg@cs.vu.nl, alexb@cwi.nl, debra@win.tue.nl Abstract In this paper we propose a taxonomy of web agents, which as avatar­ embodied guides that help visitors to navigate in virtual en­ vironments. Our taxonomy must

  5. Soil effects on thermal signatures of buried nonmetallic landmines Remke L. van Dam*a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borchers, Brian

    Soil effects on thermal signatures of buried nonmetallic landmines Remke L. van Dam*a , Brian for temperature propagation through homogeneous and layered soils is presented to predict surface temperatures as a function of soil heat flux amplitude, soil texture, soil water content, and thermal properties and burial

  6. Perceptually-Based Compensation of Light Pollution in Display Systems Jeroen van Baar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    Perceptually-Based Compensation of Light Pollution in Display Systems Jeroen van Baar Disney compensate for light pollution due to ghosting in 3D stereo (left) and indirect scattering when projecting framework is applicable to other light pollution problems, such as descattering. CR Categories: I.4.3 [Image

  7. Comparison of Different Load Road Implementation Strategies on Fuel Economy of USPS Step Vans

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    An alternative form of measuring road loads, instead of using a chassis dynamometer and a method described in 40 CFR section 86.1229-85, was conducted on on-road coastdowns, and regression analysis was used to determine the characteristics of the two U.S. Postal Service step vans, one of which was a hybrid model

  8. van der Waals density functional study of CO2 binding in zeolitic imidazolate frameworks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ray, Keith G.; Olmsted, David; He, Ning; Houndonougbo, Yao; Laird, Brian Bostian; Asta, Mark

    2012-02-06

    The van der Waals density functional (vdW-DF) formalism is employed in a study of the binding energetics for CO2 in a set of five zeolitic imidazolate framework (ZIF) compounds. The ZIF structures investigated share the same RHO-type zeolite...

  9. Handbook of Constraint Programming 3 Edited by F. Rossi, P. van Beek and T. Walsh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walsh, Toby

    Handbook of Constraint Programming 3 Edited by F. Rossi, P. van Beek and T. Walsh c 2006 Elsevier logic programming, but it can also be done in other programming paradigms. 1.1 Purpose of the Handbook The aim of this handbook is to capture the full breadth and depth of the constraint pro- gramming field

  10. c 2007 by Elizabeth A. Van Ruitenbeek. All rights reserved. MODELING MOBILE PHONE VIRUS PROPAGATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanders, William H.

    c 2007 by Elizabeth A. Van Ruitenbeek. All rights reserved. #12;MODELING MOBILE PHONE VIRUS of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2007 Urbana, Illinois #12;ABSTRACT Viruses that infect smartphones are emerging as a new research area in the fight against com- puter viruses. This thesis presents two models

  11. Solvent Quality Dependent Continuum van der Waals Attraction and Phase Behavior for Colloids Bearing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Derek Y C

    Solvent Quality Dependent Continuum van der Waals Attraction and Phase Behavior for Colloids dispersion as a function of solvent quality and particle volume fraction is compared with theoretical.5 M NaCl as a function of temperature, which controls solvent quality for the adsorbed Pluronic

  12. The Java Machine Learning Library Thomas Abeel, Yvan Saeys and Yves Van de Peer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gent, Universiteit

    The Java Machine Learning Library Thomas Abeel, Yvan Saeys and Yves Van de Peer Department of Plant.abeel@psb.ugent.be What is Java-ML? Motivation Code & Documentation Applications 1. Machine learning techniques: · 18: java doc and explanation of the algorithm · Generated API: from the source code · Changelog

  13. Using the ACM Java Libraries in CS 1 Andrew Mertz, William Slough, and Nancy Van Cleave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Cleave, Nancy K.

    Using the ACM Java Libraries in CS 1 Andrew Mertz, William Slough, and Nancy Van Cleave aemertz University Charleston, IL 61920 Abstract The Java language is commonly used in CS 1 courses, though its of these challenges, the ACM established the Java Task Force to study the problem. The work of this committee resulted

  14. VAN DER WAALS DISPERSION FORCE CONTRIBUTION TO THE INTERFACIAL FREE ENERGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    VAN DER WAALS DISPERSION FORCE CONTRIBUTION TO THE INTERFACIAL FREE ENERGY OF NEMATIC LIQUID energy of a nematic liquid crystal and the interfacial free energy of a nematic on a glass substrate. Introduction. -- The surface free energy of a nematic liquid crystal and the interfacial free energy of nematic

  15. Electronic structure of the Si(111):GaSe van der Waals-like surface termination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olmstead, Marjorie

    Electronic structure of the Si(111):GaSe van der Waals-like surface termination Reiner Rudolph-like surface termination has been determined by angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy using photons. This explains both the absence of a surface core-level shift in Si 2p photoelectron spectra of the terminated

  16. Full-waveform static corrections using blind channel identification Robbert van Vossen1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Full-waveform static corrections using blind channel identification Robbert van Vossen1 and Jeannot for time shifts is generally referred to as residual static corrections, whereas surface to parameterize near-surface perturbations. There- fore, we refer to this method as waveform statics. Important

  17. The Assessment of Evidence in the Discovery of a Higgs Boson David A. van Dyk*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    The Assessment of Evidence in the Discovery of a Higgs Boson David A. van Dyk* Imperial College London, United Kingdom dvandyk@imperial.ac.uk The 2012-2013 discovery of a Higgs boson filled the last in a 40-year search that culminated in the discovery of a Higgs boson. This talk reviews these statistical

  18. Sea level controls sedimentation and environments in coastal caves and sinkholes Peter J. van Hengstum a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sea level controls sedimentation and environments in coastal caves and sinkholes Peter J. van karst basins (caves, cenotes, sinkholes, blueholes, etc.) generally focuses on analyzing isotopes) on carbonate platforms, such as sinkholes, cenotes, blueholes, and caves, all of which have been repeatedly

  19. LYAPUNOV AND SACKER-SELL SPECTRAL INTERVALS LUCA DIECI AND ERIK S. VAN VLECK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Vleck, Erik S.

    LYAPUNOV AND SACKER-SELL SPECTRAL INTERVALS LUCA DIECI AND ERIK S. VAN VLECK Abstract­ the Lyapunov spectral intervals. Since any bounded and continuous coeficient matrix function can be smoothly/or continuous Lyapunov spectrum. Key words. Exponential dichotomy, Sacker-Sell spectrum, Lyapunov exponents

  20. LYAPUNOV SPECTRAL INTERVALS: THEORY AND COMPUTATION LUCA DIECI y AND ERIK S. VAN VLECK z

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Vleck, Erik S.

    LYAPUNOV SPECTRAL INTERVALS: THEORY AND COMPUTATION #3; LUCA DIECI y AND ERIK S. VAN VLECK z dichotomy of Sacker and Sell and the spectrum de#12;ned in terms of upper and lower Lyapunov exponents information. Finally, we discuss the algorithms we have used to approximate the Lyapunov and Sacker

  1. Lyapunov instability of rough hard-disk fluids Jacobus A. van Meel*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Posch, Harald A.

    Lyapunov instability of rough hard-disk fluids Jacobus A. van Meel* FOM Institute for Atomic The dynamical instability of rough hard-disk fluids in two dimensions is characterized through the Lyapunov, measured by the maximum Lyapunov exponent, is only enhanced by the rotational degrees of freedom for high

  2. Filling Polyhedral Molds \\Lambda Prosenjit Bose Marc van Kreveld Godfried Toussaint

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toussaint, Godfried T.

    In the manufacturing industry, finding an orientation for a mold that eliminates surface defects and insures a completeFilling Polyhedral Molds \\Lambda Prosenjit Bose Marc van Kreveld Godfried Toussaint School the problem of determining a favorable position of a mold (modeled as a polyhedron), such that when

  3. LOGISTICS: A SYSTEMS ORIENTED W.M.P. van der Aalst

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    LOGISTICS: A SYSTEMS ORIENTED APPROACH W.M.P. van der Aalst Department of Mathematics and Computing@win.tue.nl phone: ­31 40 473637 fax: ­31 40 442150 KEYWORDS: Logistics, Dynamic modelling, Petri nets, Formal specification. ABSTRACT A framework for the modelling and specification of logistic systems is presented

  4. Stabilization of Thin Liquid Films by Repulsive van der Waals Force Er Qiang Li,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Derek Y C

    3122, Australia *S Supporting Information ABSTRACT: Using high-speed video recording of bubble rise was predicted. We interpret these results as supporting the hypothesis that a short-ranged hydrophobic for the stability of colloidal systems in terms of the competition between electric double layer repulsion and van

  5. Changes in Painting Styles of Two Artists With Alzheimer's Disease Benjamin van Buren and Bianca Bromberger

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chatterjee, Anjan

    Changes in Painting Styles of Two Artists With Alzheimer's Disease Benjamin van Buren and Bianca of literature supports the idea that systematic changes can occur in artists' painting styles after the onset, emotion, symbolism, realism, and animacy), we found that both AD patients produced paintings with more

  6. On CSP and the Algebraic Theory of Effects Rob van Glabbeek and Gordon Plotkin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Gordon

    On CSP and the Algebraic Theory of Effects Rob van Glabbeek and Gordon Plotkin Abstract We consider CSP from the point of view of the algebraic theory of effects, which classifies operations as effect in terms of two versions of the stable failures model of CSP, one more general than the other

  7. POPULATION OF FERAL CATS FELIS CATUS. R.J. van Aarde

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pretoria, University of

    ( POPULATION OF FERAL CATS FELIS CATUS. c\\J1 R.J. van Aarde Mammal Research Institute university. Cambridge, Mass. 02238 U.S.A. Abstract: Body and adrenal weight in a population of feral cats, Felis catus of Felis catus are now distributed worldwide and in many regions such populations are, in part, fostered

  8. LOGISTICS: A SYSTEMS ORIENTED W.M.P. van der Aalst

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    LOGISTICS: A SYSTEMS ORIENTED APPROACH W.M.P. van der Aalst Department of Mathematics and Computing@win.tue.nl phone: -31 40 473637 fax: -31 40 442150 KEYWORDS: Logistics, Dynamic modelling, Petri nets, Formal specification. ABSTRACT A framework for the modelling and specification of logistic systems is presented

  9. Developmental acquisition of entrainment skills in robot swinging using van der Pol oscillators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demiris, Yiannis

    Developmental acquisition of entrainment skills in robot swinging using van der Pol oscillators entrainment. Neural entrainment stabilises the system, reduces time-to-steady state and relaxes the requirement for a strong coupling with the environment in order to achieve mechanical entrainment

  10. Using UML in Architecture-Level Modifiability Analysis Nico Lassing, Daan Rijsenbrij and Hans van Vliet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Hans

    Using UML in Architecture-Level Modifiability Analysis Nico Lassing, Daan Rijsenbrij and Hans van architecture-level modifiability analysis of business information systems, we use architectural views to determine and express the effect of change scenarios. We distinguish four architectural views. We used

  11. Quality-Driven Software Architecture Composition1 Hans de Bruin Hans van Vliet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Hans

    Quality-Driven Software Architecture Composition1 Hans de Bruin Hans van Vliet Vrije Universiteit of software architectures. First, an ar- chitecture is derived that addresses functional requirements only. This architecture contains a number of variability points which are next filled in to address quality concerns

  12. Automatic Reformulation of Children's Search Queries Maarten van Kalsbeek, Joost de Wit, Dolf Trieschnigg,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiemstra, Djoerd

    Terms Algorithms, Human Factors, Design Keywords Automatic Query Expansion, Search Behavior, 1 children may make. Most of the search engines offer only the possibility to enter a Boolean queryAutomatic Reformulation of Children's Search Queries Maarten van Kalsbeek, Joost de Wit, Dolf

  13. CRYSTAL PRECIPITATION AND DISSOLUTION IN A THIN STRIP T.L. VAN NOORDEN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

    CRYSTAL PRECIPITATION AND DISSOLUTION IN A THIN STRIP T.L. VAN NOORDEN Abstract. A two-dimensional micro-scale model for crystal dissolution and precipitation in a porous medium is presented. The local dissolution and precipitation in a porous medium. The microscopic model that serves as the starting point

  14. van der Waals Interaction, Surface Free Energies, and Contact Angles: Dispersive Polymers and Liquids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Derek Y C

    van der Waals Interaction, Surface Free Energies, and Contact Angles: Dispersive Polymers and Liquids Calum J. Drummond*, and Derek Y. C. Chan CSIRO Division of Chemicals and Polymers, Private Bag 10 and ALVL are the non-retarded Hamaker constants for the heterointeraction between polymer and liquid across

  15. Handbook on the Philosophy of Information Johan van Benthem and Pieter Adriaans (eds.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Topsøe, Flemming

    Handbook on the Philosophy of Information Johan van Benthem and Pieter Adriaans (eds.) #12 important for a number of sciences. The concepts appear to be just the right ones with intuitively appealing the main interest from society lies. But information theory captures fundamental aspects of many other

  16. An Inclusive Search for the Higgs Boson in the Four Lepton Final State The Higgs boson is the last undiscovered particle of the Standard Model of Particle Physics (SM).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fermilab

    An Inclusive Search for the Higgs Boson in the Four Lepton Final State The Higgs boson is the last undiscovered particle of the Standard Model of Particle Physics (SM). A search for SM Higgs boson decays transverse energy. Our search is optimized for Higgs boson decays to Z-boson pairs but is sensitive, due

  17. Heavy surface state in a possible topological Kondo insulator: Magnetothermoelectric transport on the (011) plane of SmB6

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Luo, Yongkang; Chen, Hua; Dai, Jianhui; Xu, Zhu -an; Thompson, J. D.

    2015-02-25

    Motivated by the high sensitivity to Fermi surface topology and scattering mechanisms in magnetothermoelectric transport, we have measured the thermopower and Nernst effect on the (011) plane of the proposed topological Kondo insulator SmB6. These experiments, together with electrical resistivity and Hall effect measurements, suggest that the (011) plane also harbors a metallic surface with an effective mass on the order of 10–102 m0. The surface and bulk conductances are well distinguished in these measurements and are categorized into metallic and nondegenerate semiconducting regimes, respectively. As a result, electronic correlations play an important role in enhancing scattering and also contributemore »to the heavy surface state.« less

  18. Activation energy and enthalpy of decomposition for the Fe{sub 17}Sm{sub 2} nitride

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cabral, F.A.; Gama, S.; Ribeiro, C.A.

    1997-04-01

    Decomposition studies of the Fe{sub 17}Sm{sub 2}N{sub 3} compound were done using a Calvet-type microcalorimeter and a simultaneous gravimetric and differential thermal analyzer (DTA). The results show that the decomposition has onset temperature of 570{degree}C and proceeds up to 900{degree}C, and presents only one well determined exothermic thermal event. The calorimetric measurement shows that the enthalpy associated with the decomposition is 69 kJ/mol. The activation energy of the process was also determined using the Kissinger method applied to the DTA signal. It was observed that there was only one activation energy for the decomposition process, with a value of 339 kJ/mol. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

  19. F:\\Users\\sinan\\Papers\\Paper-16-Roller\\Roller_Traction_SM.doc Traction Between a Web and a Smooth Roller

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Müftü, Sinan

    of a tensioned web over and under rollers, driers, coating and calendering stations, depending on the applicationF:\\Users\\sinan\\Papers\\Paper-16-Roller\\Roller_Traction_SM.doc Traction Between a Web and a Smooth Roller Sinan Müftü Associate Professor, Member ASME John J. Jagodnik, Graduate Student Northeastern

  20. Coupled LuHf and SmNd geochronology constrains prograde and exhumation histories of high-and ultrahigh-pressure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Bradley R.

    Coupled Lu­Hf and Sm­Nd geochronology constrains prograde and exhumation histories of high; Geochronology; Norway 1. Introduction The Western Gneiss Region (WGR) of Norway exposes high-pressure (HP and the mantle, and generation of continental crust. Despite abundant structural, geochronologic and pressure

  1. P.A. Nelson S.M. Kajiura G.S. Losey Exposure to solar radiation may increase ocular UV-filtering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kajiura, Stephen

    P.A. Nelson Æ S.M. Kajiura Æ G.S. Losey Exposure to solar radiation may increase ocular UV levels of solar radiation than they had previously experienced in the source habitat in the turbid waters spectrum, but sharks exposed to greater solar radiation showed increased UV blocking in their corneal

  2. Synthesis, crystal structure and properties of SmBaCo{sub 2?x}Fe{sub x}O{sub 5+?}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Volkova, N.E.; Gavrilova, L.Ya. [Department of Chemistry, Ural Federal University, Yekaterinburg (Russian Federation); Cherepanov, V.A., E-mail: Vladimir.Cherepanov@usu.ru [Department of Chemistry, Ural Federal University, Yekaterinburg (Russian Federation); Aksenova, T.V. [Department of Chemistry, Ural Federal University, Yekaterinburg (Russian Federation); Kolotygin, V.A.; Kharton, V.V. [Department of Materials and Ceramic Engineering, CICECO, University of Aveiro (Portugal)

    2013-08-15

    The solid solution formation range in the SmBaCo{sub 2?x}Fe{sub x}O{sub 5+?} (0?x?2) system examined at 1100 °C in air corresponds to 0?x?1.1. The crystal structure of SmBaCo{sub 2?x}Fe{sub x}O{sub 5+?} with x?0.5 was described as orthorhombic (space group Pmmm), and with 0.6?x?1.1—as tetragonal (P4/mmm). The introduction of iron into the cobalt sublattice leads to a gradual increase of the unit cell parameters and volume, accompanied with increasing oxygen content determined by thermogravimetry. The dilatometric curves collected at 25–1100 °C in air exhibit moderate nonlinearities associated with the orthorhombic?tetragonal phase transition, as confirmed by the high-temperature X-ray diffraction analysis. Temperature dependencies of the electrical conductivity measured by 4-probe dc method in the temperature range 25–1000 °C in air display maxima at 300–350 °C, whilst the conductivity decreases with iron additions. These trends were discussed in terms of the defect structure and nature of the main charge carriers in SmBaCo{sub 2?x}Fe{sub x}O{sub 5+?}. It was also shown that SmBaCo{sub 2?x}Fe{sub x}O{sub 5+?} is chemically stable with respect to the Ce{sub 0.8}Sm{sub 0.2}O{sub 1.9} solid electrolyte up to 1100 °S, but reacts with Zr{sub 0.85}Y{sub 0.15}O{sub 1.93} even at 900 °S. Highlights: • The solid solution formation range in the SmBaCo{sub 2?x}Fe{sub x}O{sub 5+?} system at 1100 °C in air corresponds to 0?x?1.1. • The unit cell volume and oxygen content in the solid solutions increase with x. • Oxygen nonstoichiometry of SmBaCo{sub 2?x}Fe{sub x}O{sub 5+?} solid solutions. • Temperature dependencies of the electrical conductivity exhibit maxima at the temperatures when oxygen exchange with the gaseous phase becomes significant.

  3. Een iets geredigeerde versie is verschenen in Jaarboek Overheidsfinancin 2008: K.P. Goudswaard en H. Nijboer, 'Sociale zekerheid: van verzekeren naar sparen?', in: C.A. de Kam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galis, Frietson

    wordt de efficiencywinst gezien: door gebruik te maken van individuele spaartegoeden kunnen individuen

  4. Ford Van Dyke: Compressed Air Management Program Leads to Improvements that Reduce Energy Consumption at an Automotive Transmission Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2010-06-25

    Staff at the Ford Van Dyke Transmission Plant in Sterling Heights, Michigan, have increased the efficiency of the plant’s compressed air system to enhance its performance while saving energy and improving production.

  5. Bulk chemicals from biomass Jacco van Haveren, Agrotechnology and Food Innovations B.V., Wageningen, The Netherlands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    41 Review Bulk chemicals from biomass Jacco van Haveren, Agrotechnology and Food Innovations B production, and available biomass conversion technologies, biomass-based routes are expected to make and -caprolactam. Technologies involving direct isolation of aromatic building blocks from biomass

  6. A review of "Selected Writings on Dutch Paintings: Rembrandt, Van Beke, Vermeer and Others." by Albert Blankert 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miya Tokumitsu

    2006-01-01

    artists (Jan de Bisschop, Constantijn Huygens the Younger) in seventeenth- century Holland. This practice parallels the vogue for outdoor paintings by gentlemen in England and reminds us about Rembrandt?s social aspirations as well as his informal, non... Paintings: Rembrandt, Van Beke, Vermeer and Others. Zwolle: Waanders Publishers, 2004. 352 pp. + 302 illus. $90.00. Review by MIYA TOKUMITSU, UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA. Reading Albert Blankert?s Selected Writings on Dutch Painting: Rembrandt, Van Beke...

  7. Etude de l'oscillateur de Van der Pol généralisé par la méthode du groupe de renormalisation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. L. Hinvi; A. V. Monwanou; J. B. Chabi Orou

    2014-05-20

    The renormalization group method is one of the singular perturbation methods used in the research of the asymptotic behavior of solution of ordinary differential equations. In this paper, the equation of VAN der Pol generalized oscillator that models many physical phenomena is considered. A brief review of the technique is done and is applied to the generalized VAN der Pol oscillator to highlight its asymptotic solution.

  8. Dependences of the van der Waals atom-wall interaction on atomic and material properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. O. Caride; G. L. Klimchitskaya; V. M. Mostepanenko; S. I. Zanette

    2005-03-03

    The 1%-accurate calculations of the van der Waals interaction between an atom and a cavity wall are performed in the separation region from 3 nm to 150 nm. The cases of metastable He${}^{\\ast}$ and Na atoms near the metal, semiconductor or dielectric walls are considered. Different approximations to the description of wall material and atomic dynamic polarizability are carefully compared. The smooth transition to the Casimir-Polder interaction is verified. It is shown that to obtain accurate results for the atom-wall van der Waals interaction at shortest separations with an error less than 1% one should use the complete optical tabulated data for the complex refraction index of the wall material and the accurate dynamic polarizability of an atom. The obtained results may be useful for the theoretical interpretation of recent experiments on quantum reflection and Bose-Einstein condensation of ultracold atoms on or near surfaces of different nature.

  9. Van der Waals interactions in rare-gas dimers: The role of interparticle interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yu-Ting; Chai, Jeng-Da

    2015-01-01

    We investigate the potential energy curves of rare-gas dimers with various ranges and strengths of interparticle interactions (nuclear-electron, electron-electron, and nuclear-nuclear interactions). Our investigation is based on the highly accurate coupled-cluster theory associated with those interparticle interactions. For comparison, the performance of the corresponding Hartree-Fock theory, second-order Moller-Plesset perturbation theory, and density functional theory is also investigated. Our results reveal that when the interparticle interactions retain the long-range Coulomb tails, the nature of van der Waals interactions in the rare-gas dimers remains similar. By contrast, when the interparticle interactions are sufficiently short-range, the conventional van der Waals interactions in the rare-gas dimers completely disappear, yielding purely repulsive potential energy curves.

  10. Van't Hoff law for temperature dependent Langmuir constants in clathrate hydrate nanocavities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lakhlifi, Azzedine

    2015-01-01

    This work gives a van't Hoff law expression of Langmuir constants of different species for determining their occupancy in the nanocavities of clathrate hydrates. The van't Hoff law's parameters are derived from a fit with Langmuir constants calculated using a pairwise site-site interaction potential to model the anisotropic potential environment in the cavities, as a function of temperature. The parameters can be used for calculating clathrates compositions. Results are given for nineteen gas species trapped in the small and large cavities of structure types I and II [1]. The accuracy of this approach is based on a comparison with available experimental data for ethane and cyclo- propane clathrate hydrates. The numerical method applied in this work, was recently validated from a comparison with the spherical cell method based on analytical considerations [1

  11. Exact solution of the van der Waals model in the critical region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adriano Barra; Antonio Moro

    2015-05-01

    The celebrated van der Waals model describes simple fluids in the thermodynamic limit and predicts the existence of a critical point associated to the gas-liquid phase transition. However the behaviour of critical isotherms according to the equation of state, where a gas-liquid phase transition occurs, significantly departs from experimental observations. The correct critical isotherms are heuristically re-established via the Maxwell equal areas rule. A long standing open problem in mean field theory is concerned with the analytic description of van der Waals isotherms for a finite size system that is consistent, in the thermodynamic limit, with the Maxwell prescription. Inspired by the theory of nonlinear conservation laws, we propose a novel mean field approach, based on statistical mechanics, that allows to calculate the van der Waals partition function for a system of large but finite number of particles $N$. Our partition function naturally extends to the whole space of thermodynamic variables, reproduces, in the thermodynamic limit $N\\to \\infty$, the classical results outside the critical region and automatically encodes Maxwell's prescription. We show that isothermal curves evolve in the space of thermodynamic variables like nonlinear breaking waves and the criticality is explained as the mechanism of formation of a classical hydrodynamic shock.

  12. Eighteen-Month Final Evaluation of UPS Second Generation Diesel Hybrid-Electric Delivery Vans

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lammert, M.; Walkowicz, K.

    2012-09-01

    A parallel hybrid-electric diesel delivery van propulsion system was evaluated at a UPS facility in Minneapolis using on-vehicle data logging, fueling, and maintenance records. Route and drive cycle analysis showed different duty cycles for hybrid vs. conventional delivery vans; routes were switched between the study groups to provide a valid comparison. The hybrids demonstrated greater advantage on the more urban routes; the initial conventional vans' routes had less dense delivery zones. The fuel economy of the hybrids on the original conventional group?s routes was 10.4 mpg vs. 9.2 mpg for the conventional group on those routes a year earlier. The hybrid group's fuel economy on the original hybrid route assignments was 9.4 mpg vs. 7.9 mpg for the conventional group on those routes a year later. There was no statistically significant difference in total maintenance cost per mile or for the vehicle total cost of operation per mile. Propulsion-related maintenance cost per mile was 77% higher for the hybrids, but only 52% more on a cost-per-delivery-day basis. Laboratory dynamometer testing demonstrated 13%-36% hybrid fuel economy improvement, depending on duty cycle, and up to a 45% improvement in ton-mi/gal. NOx emissions increased 21%-49% for the hybrids in laboratory testing.

  13. Molecular recognition by van der Waals interaction between polymers with sequence-specific polarizabilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bing-Sui Lu; Ali Naji; Rudolf Podgornik

    2015-03-18

    We analyze van der Waals interactions between two rigid polymers with sequence-specific, anisotropic polarizabilities along the polymer backbones, so that the dipole moments fluctuate parallel to the polymer backbones. Assuming that each polymer has a quenched-in polarizability sequence which reflects, for example, the polynucleotide sequence of a double-stranded DNA molecule, we study the van der Waals interaction energy between a pair of such polymers with rod-like structure for the cases where their respective polarizability sequences are (i) distinct and (ii) identical, with both zero and non-zero correlation length of the polarizability correlator along the polymer backbones in the latter case. For identical polymers, we find a novel $r^{-5}$ scaling behavior of the van der Waals interaction energy for small inter-polymer separation $r$, in contradistinction to the $r^{-4}$ scaling behavior of distinct polymers, with furthermore a pronounced angular dependence favoring attraction between sufficiently aligned identical polymers. Such behavior can assist the molecular recognition between polymers.

  14. Ar ages of hornblende grains and bulk Sm/Nd isotopes of circum-Antarctic glacio-marine sediments: Implications for sediment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hemming, Sidney R

    -marine sediments: Implications for sediment provenance in the southern ocean Martin Roy a,, Tina van de Flierdt a.L. Rudnick Abstract The transfer of terrigenous sediments from Antarctica to the Southern Ocean results from the composition of circumpolar sediments and the geology of Antarctica can provide important insights into past

  15. Structure and magnetic properties of RE{sub 2}CuIn{sub 3} (RE=Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm and Gd)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tyvanchuk, Yuriy B. Szytula, Andrzej; Zarzycki, Arkadiusz; Rodewald, Ute Ch.; Kalychak, Yaroslav M.; Poettgen, Rainer

    2008-12-15

    The ternary copper indides RE{sub 2}CuIn{sub 3}{identical_to}RECu{sub 0.5}In{sub 1.5} (RE=Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm and Gd) were synthesized from the elements in sealed tantalum tubes in an induction furnace. They crystallize with the CaIn{sub 2}-type structure, space group P6{sub 3}/mmc, with a statistical occupancy of copper and indium on the tetrahedral substructure. These indides show homogeneity ranges RECu{sub x}In{sub 2-x}. Single crystal structure refinements were performed for five crystals: CeCu{sub 0.66}In{sub 1.34} (a=479.90(7) pm, c=768.12(15) pm), PrCu{sub 0.52}In{sub 1.48} (a=480.23(7) pm, c=759.23(15) pm), NdCu{sub 0.53}In{sub 1.47} (a=477.51(7) pm, c=756.37(15) pm), SmCu{sub 0.46}In{sub 1.54} (a=475.31(7) pm, c=744.77(15) pm), and GdCu{sub 0.33}In{sub 1.67} (a=474.19(7), c=737.67(15) pm). Temperature-dependent susceptibility measurements show antiferromagnetic ordering at T{sub N}=4.7 K for Pr{sub 2}CuIn{sub 3} and Nd{sub 2}CuIn{sub 3} and 15 K for Sm{sub 2}CuIn{sub 3}. Fitting of the susceptibility data of the samarium compound revealed an energy gap {delta}E=39.7(7) K between the ground and the first excited levels. - Graphical abstract: The CaIn{sub 2}-type structure of Sm{sub 2}CuIn{sub 3}.

  16. Study of oxygen reduction mechanism on Ag modified1 Sm1.8Ce0.2CuO4 cathode for solid oxide fuel cell2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    to oxygen dissociation and diffusion process.26 KEYWORDS: Solid oxide fuel cell; Silver infiltrationStudy of oxygen reduction mechanism on Ag modified1 Sm1.8Ce0.2CuO4 cathode for solid oxide fuel cell2 3 4 Li-Ping Sun1 -- Hui Zhao1 -- Qiang Li1 -- Li-Hua Huo1 -- Jean-Paul Viricelle*2 --5 Christophe

  17. Excited state absorption measurements of Sm sup 2+ in CaF sub 2 , SrF sub 2 , and SrCl sub 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lawson, J.K.; Lee, H.W.H.; Payne, S.A. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)); Boatner, L.A. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States))

    1991-04-01

    We measured the pump-probe spectrum of the Sm{sup 2+} ion in three materials: CaF{sub 2}, SrF{sub 2}, and SrCl{sub 2}. The onset of the observed prominent excited-state absorption band is consistent with an electrostatic model for impurity levels in a solid-state material. 15 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

  18. Resistance in cotyledons, leaves, stems and bolls conferred by several B genes in Gossypium hirsutum L. as measured by races of Xanthomonas Malvacearum (E.F.Sm) Dows 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tayel, Mohamed Aly Fathalla

    1967-01-01

    RESISTANCE IN COTYLEDONS, LEAVES, STEMS AND BOLLS CONFERRED BY SEVERAL B GENES IN GOSSYPIUM HIRSUTUM L. AS MEASURED BY RACES OF XANTHOMONAS MALVACEARUM (E. F. Sm) DOWS A Thesis By M, A. F. Tayel Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas... A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1967 Major Subject Genetics RESISTANCE IN COTYLEDONS & LEAVES, STEMS AND BULLS CONFERRED BY SEVERAL B GENES IN GOSSYPIUM HIRSUTUM L. AS MEASURED...

  19. The RELi{sub x}Sn{sub 2} (RE=La–Nd, Sm, and Gd; 0?x<1) series revisited. Synthesis, crystal chemistry, and magnetic susceptibilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Makongo, Julien P.A.; Suen, Nian-Tzu; Guo, Shengping; Saha, Shanta; Greene, Richard; Paglione, Johnpierre; Bobev, Svilen

    2014-03-15

    This study is concerned with the ternary compounds RELi{sub x}Sn{sub 2} (RE=La–Nd, Sm, and Gd; 0?x<1), which have been previously thought to be the stoichiometric RELiSn{sub 2} phases. These materials crystallize with the base-centered orthorhombic space group Cmcm (No. 63), and can be formally assigned with the CeNiSi{sub 2} structure type (Pearson symbol oC16). Our systematic single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies revealed substantial Li-deficiencies in all cases, with SmSn{sub 2} (space group Cmmm, ZrGa{sub 2} structure type, Pearson symbol oC12) and GdSn{sub 2} (space group Cmcm, ZrSi{sub 2} structure type, Pearson symbol oC12) being completely lithium-free. The structure refinements also uncovered positional disorder on the Sn site neighboring the vacancies. The Sn-disorder and the Li-deficiency correlate, and vary monotonically with the decreased size of the rare-earth atoms in the order RE=La–Nd. The SmSn{sub 2} and GdSn{sub 2} structures are devoid of any disorder. Temperature-dependent studies of the magnetic response of the title compounds are also presented and discussed. -- Graphical abstract: RELi{sub x}Sn{sub 2} (RE=La–Nd, 0?x<1) crystallize in a defect variants of the CeNiSi{sub 2} structure type (a). The Sn-disorder and the Li-deficiency correlate, and vary monotonically with the decreased size of the rare-earth atoms in the order RE=La–Nd. The SmSn{sub 2} (b) and GdSn{sub 2} (c) structures are devoid of any disorder. Highlights: • The crystal structures of the RELi{sub x}Sn{sub 2} (RE=La–Nd, 0?x<1) compounds are revised using single-crystal X-ray diffraction data. • The structure is a filled derivative of the ZrSi{sub 2} structure type or defect variant of the CeNiSi{sub 2} structure type. • SmSn{sub 2} is isotypic with the ZrGa{sub 2} structure, while RESn{sub 2} (RE=Gd–Lu) are isotypic with the ZrSi{sub 2} structure.

  20. Nonlinear dynamics of system oscillations modeled by a forced Van der Pol generalized oscillator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. A. Hinvi; C. H. Miwadinou; A. V. Monwanou; J. B. Chabi Orou

    2014-02-18

    This paper considers the oscillations modeled by a forced Van der Pol generalized oscillator. These oscillations are described by a nonlinear differential equation of the form $ \\ddot{x}+x-\\varepsilon\\left(1-ax^2-b\\dot{x}^2\\right)\\dot{x}=E\\sin{{\\Omega}t}.$ The amplitudes of the forced harmonic, primary resonance superharmonic and subharmonic oscillatory states are obtained using the harmonic balance technique and the multiple time scales methods. We obtain also the hysteresis and jump phenomena in the system oscillations. Bifurcation sequences displayed by the model for each type of oscillatory states are performed numerically through the fourth-order Runge- Kutta scheme.

  1. Strong obstruction of the Berends-Burgers-van Dam spin-3 vertex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xavier Bekaert; Nicolas Boulanger; Serge Leclercq

    2010-02-01

    In the eighties, Berends, Burgers and van Dam (BBvD) found a nonabelian cubic vertex for self-interacting massless fields of spin three in flat spacetime. However, they also found that this deformation is inconsistent at higher order for any multiplet of spin-three fields. For arbitrary symmetric gauge fields, we severely constrain the possible nonabelian deformations of the gauge algebra and, using these results, prove that the BBvD obstruction cannot be cured by any means, even by introducing fields of spin higher (or lower) than three.

  2. Microwave probes Dipole Blockade and van der Waals Forces in a Cold Rydberg Gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Celistrino Teixeira; C. Hermann-Avigliano; Thanh Long Nguyen; T. Cantat-Moltrecht; Jean-Michel Raimond; S. Haroche; S. Gleyzes; M. Brune

    2015-02-14

    We show that microwave spectroscopy of a dense Rydberg gas trapped on a superconducting atom chip in the dipole blockade regime reveals directly the dipole-dipole many-body interaction energy spectrum. We use this method to investigate the expansion of the Rydberg cloud under the effect of repulsive van der Waals forces and the breakdown of the frozen gas approximation. This study opens a promising route for quantum simulation of many-body systems and quantum information transport in chains of strongly interacting Rydberg atoms.

  3. Microwave probes Dipole Blockade and van der Waals Forces in a Cold Rydberg Gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teixeira, R Celistrino; Nguyen, Thanh Long; Cantat-Moltrecht, T; Raimond, Jean-Michel; Haroche, S; Gleyzes, S; Brune, M

    2015-01-01

    We show that microwave spectroscopy of a dense Rydberg gas trapped on a superconducting atom chip in the dipole blockade regime reveals directly the dipole-dipole many-body interaction energy spectrum. We use this method to investigate the expansion of the Rydberg cloud under the effect of repulsive van der Waals forces and the breakdown of the frozen gas approximation. This study opens a promising route for quantum simulation of many-body systems and quantum information transport in chains of strongly interacting Rydberg atoms.

  4. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- John Van Range Co Div of Edwards

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth Dakota Edgemont,Manufacturing - OH 40 John Van Range Co Div of

  5. Ms Van T Nguyen | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorkingLosThe 26thIWalter H.4 » Inside Ice Under2ScienceStudentsMs.Van T

  6. Lazarus-SM

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousand CubicResourcelogo and-E C H N I C A L TA L K < <Cloud

  7. www.lib.mtu.edu | Phone: 906-487-2500 | Fax: 906-487-2357 J. R. Van Pelt and Opie Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    · CENTER FOR TEACHING, LEARNING, & FACULTY DEVELOPMENT · DIGITAL STUDIO · LIBRARY DIRECTOR'S SUITEwww.lib.mtu.edu | Phone: 906-487-2500 | Fax: 906-487-2357 J. R. Van Pelt and Opie Library J. R. VAN PELT AND OPIE LIBRARY DIRECTORY & FLOOR MAPS FIRST FLOOR · CIRCULATION BOOK RETURN CHECKOUT COURSE

  8. Introduction > Motivation > Approach > UbiSmart > Conclusion 1/21 Jurriaan van Diggelen Utrecht University/TNO AmI.d 17 September 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eijk, Rogier Maurice van

    Introduction > Motivation > Approach > UbiSmart > Conclusion 1/21 Jurriaan van Diggelen Utrecht the Netherlands AmI.d 2007, 17 September 2007 #12;Introduction > Motivation > Approach > UbiSmart > Conclusion 2 Rogier van Eijk Peter Werkhoven Introduction #12;Introduction > Motivation > Approach > Ubi

  9. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH: SOLID EARTH, VOL. 118, 119, doi:10.1002/jgrb.50117, 2013 The 2011 Mw 7.1 Van (Eastern Turkey) earthquake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliott, John

    Mw 7.1 Van (Eastern Turkey) earthquake J. R. Elliott,1 A. C. Copley,2 R. Holley,3 K. Scharer,4 and B to constrain the fault parameters of the Mw 7.1 2011 Van (Eastern Turkey) reverse-slip earthquake Turkey) earthquake, J. Geophys. Res. Solid Earth, 118, doi:10.1002/jgrb.50117. 1. Introduction [2

  10. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH: SOLID EARTH, VOL. 118, 16191637, doi:10.1002/jgrb.50117, 2013 The 2011 Mw 7.1 Van (Eastern Turkey) earthquake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    The 2011 Mw 7.1 Van (Eastern Turkey) earthquake J. R. Elliott,1 A. C. Copley,2 R. Holley,3 K. Scharer,4 imagery, and field observations to constrain the fault parameters of the Mw 7.1 2011 Van (Eastern Turkey (Eastern Turkey) earthquake, J. Geophys. Res. Solid Earth, 118, 1619­1637, doi:10.1002/jgrb.50117. 1

  11. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Andrew Roach, Chris Forrest, Jedaiah van Dijk, Jessica Herman, Joseph Kim, Ricky Sangha,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forrest, Jedaiah van Dijk, Jessica Herman, Joseph Kim, Ricky Sangha, Svyatoslav Korshunov UBC Botanical 6 F i n a l P r o j e c t R e p o r t GROUP 3 Chris Forrest ( )Jedaiah van Dijk ( Jessica Herman

  12. Opleidingsonderdeel Docent/assistent Praktisch Locatie Aanvullingen van Chemie Brigou, B. Op 30/06 tussen 10-16u of op afspraak, mail

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Einmahl, Uwe

    Opleidingsonderdeel Docent/assistent Praktisch Locatie Aanvullingen van Chemie Brigou, B. Op 30/06 tussen 10-16u of op afspraak, mail naar: bbrigou@vub.ac.be 10G703 Algemene Chemie Brigou, B. Op 30. Enkel op afspraak, mail naar: fcanters@vub.ac.be Chemie: Bouw van de Materie en Chemische Reacties II

  13. A calculation of the van der Waals potential and the hyperfine pressure shift for H-He 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamm, Thomas Francis

    1981-01-01

    - lation, a ghost orb1tal approach is developed to a1d 1n choos1ng helium ground state conf1gurations. Configurations used to represent the van der Waals interact1on are chosen using osc1llator strength sum rules to determine most of the orb1tal... to represent H-He ground state . . . . 38 IV. Ground state valence bond conf1gurations 38 V. He ground state energ1es and H-He interact1on potential. VI. Bas1s functions used to represent van der Waals interact1on 41 VII. Comparison of dipole...

  14. Comparison of CO2 trapping in highly heterogeneous reservoirs with Brooks-Corey and van Genuchten type capillary pressure curves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gershenzon, Naum I; Dominic, David F; Mehnert, Edward; Okwen, Roland T

    2015-01-01

    Geological heterogeneities essentially affect the dynamics of a CO2 plume in subsurface environments. Previously we showed how the dynamics of a CO2 plume is influenced by the multi-scale stratal architecture in deep saline reservoirs. The results strongly suggest that representing small-scale features is critical to understanding capillary trapping processes. Here we present the result of simulation of CO2 trapping using two different conventional approaches, i.e. Brooks-Corey and van Genuchten, for the capillary pressure curves. We showed that capillary trapping and dissolution rates are very different for the Brooks-Corey and van Genuchten approaches when heterogeneity and hysteresis are both represented.

  15. On the generation of large amplitude spiky solitons by ultralow frequency earthquake emission in the Van Allen radiation belt

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mofiz, U. A. [School of Science and Technology, Bangladesh Open University, Gazipur-1705 (Bangladesh)

    2006-08-15

    The parametric coupling between earthquake emitted circularly polarized electromagnetic radiation and ponderomotively driven ion-acoustic perturbations in the Van Allen radiation belt is considered. A cubic nonlinear Schroedinger equation for the modulated radiation envelope is derived, and then solved analytically. For ultralow frequency earthquake emissions large amplitude spiky supersonic bright solitons or subsonic dark solitons are found to be generated in the Van Allen radiation belt, detection of which can be a tool for the prediction of a massive earthquake may be followed later.

  16. Remainder estimates for the Long Range Behavior of the van der Waals interaction energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ioannis Anapolitanos

    2014-10-21

    The van der Waals-London's law, for a collection of atoms at large separation, states that their interaction energy is pairwise attractive and decays proportionally to one over their distance to the sixth. The first rigorous result in this direction was obtained by Lieb and Thirring [LT], by proving an upper bound which confirms this law. Recently the van der Waals-London's law was proven under some assumptions by I.M. Sigal and the author [AS]. Following the strategy of [AS] and reworking the approach appropriately, we prove estimates on the remainder of the interaction energy. Furthermore, using an appropriate test function, we prove an upper bound for the interaction energy, which is sharp to leading order. For the upper bound, our assumptions are weaker, the remainder estimates stronger and the proof is simpler. The upper bound, for the cases it applies, improves considerably the upper bound of Lieb and Thirring. However, their bound is much more general. Here we consider only spinless Fermions.

  17. Quantum chaos of the hydrogen atom in a generalized van der Waals potential

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ganesan, K.; Lakshmanan, M. (Centre for Nonlinear Dynamics, Department of Physics, Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirapalli-620024, Tamilnadu (India))

    1993-08-01

    The quantum manifestations of chaos in the hydrogen atom in a generalized van der Waals potential, which includes the celebrated quadratic-Zeeman-effect problem under an appropriate limiting condition, are studied in detail. Using group-theoretical methods, we derive the matrix elements in an algebraic form. As the Hamiltonian is scale invariant, we introduce an appropriate scaling parameter. By considering the unperturbed hydrogen-atom problem, we demonstrate that suitable changes in the scaling parameter stabilize different parts of the spectrum depending upon the parameter's value. For the present generalized van der Waals potential problem, we utilize this property of the scaling parameter effectively to improve the convergence of eigenvalues while diagonalizing the matrices for various parametric values. Then, we vary one of the system parameters in the range [0,3], study the level statistics, and observe a GOE-Poisson-Brody-Poisson-Brody-Poisson-GOE-type (where GOE means Gaussian orthogonal ensemble) of transition regime hitherto unidentified in any of the perturbed hydrogen-atom problems. Our results are not only in agreement with random-matrix-theory predictions but also justify classical and semiclassical investigations.

  18. Multi-configuration Dirac-Hartree-Fock calculations of excitation energies, oscillator strengths and hyperfine structure constants for low-lying levels of Sm I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Fuyang; Li, Jiguang; Wang, Jianguo

    2015-01-01

    The multi-configuration Dirac-Hartree-Fock method was employed to calculate the total and excitation energies, oscillator strengths and hyperfine structure constants for low-lying levels of Sm I. In the first-order perturbation approximation, we systematically analyzed correlation effects from each electrons and electron pairs. It was found that the core correlations are of importance for physical quantities concerned. Based on the analysis, the important configuration state wave functions were selected to constitute atomic state wave functions. By using this computational model, our excitation energies, oscillator strengths, and hyperfine structure constants are in better agreement with experimental values than earlier theoretical works.

  19. Separation and Purification and Beta Liquid Scintillation Analysis of Sm-151 in Savannah River Site and Hanford Site DOE High Level Waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dewberry, R.A.

    2001-02-13

    This paper describes development work to obtain a product phase of Sm-151 pure of any other radioactive species so that it can be determined in US Department of Energy high level liquid waste and low level solid waste by liquid scintillation {beta}-spectroscopy. The technique provides separation from {mu}Ci/ml levels of Cs-137, Pu alpha and Pu-241 {beta}-decay activity, and Sr-90/Y-90 activity. The separation technique is also demonstrated to be useful for the determination of Pm-147.

  20. Investigation of cellular microstructure and enhanced coercivity in sputtered Sm{sub 2}(CoCuFeZr){sub 17} film

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bhatt, Ranu Schütz, G.; Bhatt, Pramod

    2014-03-14

    We have investigated the effect of annealing temperature on the microstructure and magnetic properties of Sm{sub 2}(CoCuFeZr){sub 17} films prepared using ion beam sputtering at room temperature. The as-deposited film shows randomly oriented polycrystalline grains and exhibits small coercivity (H{sub C}) of 0.04 T at room temperature. Post annealing of these films at 700?°C under Ar atmosphere shows significant changes in the microstructure transforming it to the development of cellular growth, concomitant with enhanced coercivity up to 1.3 T. The enhanced coercivity is explained using the domain wall pinning mechanism.

  1. Noise removal at the rod synapse of mammalian retina M.C.W. van ROSSUM and R.G. SMITH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Robert G.

    Noise removal at the rod synapse of mammalian retina M.C.W. van ROSSUM and R.G. SMITH Department is accompanied by continuous noise. Since the mammalian rod bipolar cell collects signals from 20­100 rods, the noise from the converging rods would overwhelm the single-photon signal from one rod at scotopic

  2. Flow at Low Water Contents: A Simple Approach for Inverse Estimation of van Genuchten-Mualem Soil Hydraulic Parameters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Flow at Low Water Contents: A Simple Approach for Inverse Estimation of van Genuchten-Mualem Soil and civil engineering. Because of the strong dependency of these properties on water content. For gravimetric water contents greater than 0.04, numeral results agreed well with experimental data, while some

  3. Long-Term Creep Of Commercially Produced Plastic Lumber Kenneth E. Van Ness, Ph.D., Washington and Lee University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the mechanical properties of plastic lumber. Any attempt to design for long-term performance, utilizing ASTM-term mechanical properties of plastic lumber in load-bearing applications. An earlier work outlined a theoryLong-Term Creep Of Commercially Produced Plastic Lumber Kenneth E. Van Ness, Ph.D., Washington

  4. CREEP BEHAVIOR OF COMMERCIALLY PRODUCED PLASTIC LUMBER Kenneth E. Van Ness, Ph.D., Washington and Lee University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    properties is discussed. Introduction The ability to extrude a mixed plastic feedstock into lumber of plastic lumber in load-bearing applications. An earlier work evaluated mechanical properties at a singleCREEP BEHAVIOR OF COMMERCIALLY PRODUCED PLASTIC LUMBER Kenneth E. Van Ness, Ph.D., Washington

  5. zt: a software tool for simple and partial Mantel tests Eric Bonnet* and Yves Van de Peer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gent, Universiteit

    1 zt: a software tool for simple and partial Mantel tests Eric Bonnet* and Yves Van de Peer another in order to test a hypothesis concerning a possible relationship between these matrices. However the usual assumption of independence between objects is violated in the classical tests approach

  6. Hot Pin Welding of Thin Poly(vinyl chloride) Sheet James D. Van de Ven, Arthur G. Erdman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van de Ven, James D.

    Hot Pin Welding of Thin Poly(vinyl chloride) Sheet James D. Van de Ven, Arthur G. Erdman Mechanical of welding two thin sheets of poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) with a heated pin, thus allowing construction of a relationship between the weld temperature and weld strength. Constructing a relationship between weld strength

  7. OCM-to-DDR memory controller for VirtexII-Pro FPGA Jaap van Muijden, Georgi Kuzmanov, Georgi N. Gaydadjiev

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OCM-to-DDR memory controller for VirtexII-Pro FPGA Jaap van Muijden, Georgi Kuzmanov, Georgi N interfaces, the OCM interface. In this paper, we propose a design of a Dual Data Rate (DDR) Memory controller- fied Xilinx DDR controller core. To implement time-efficient data transfers between the PPC interface

  8. IMPULSE RESPONSE ANALYSIS OF THE VAN NUYS 7-STORY HOTEL DURING 11 EARTHQUAKES AND EARTHQUAKE DAMAGE DETECTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southern California, University of

    propagating waves are measured in the Van Nuys 7- story hotel, located in the Los Angeles metropolitan area response data from 11 earthquakes over a period of 24 years are analyzed. Changes in wave travel times). Also, wave travel times are used to estimate the fundamental fixed-base frequency of the building, 1f

  9. Configuration of Web Services as Parametric Design Annette ten Teije 1 and Frank van Harmelen2 and Bob Wielinga3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Harmelen, Frank

    Configuration of Web Services as Parametric Design Annette ten Teije 1 and Frank van Harmelen2 and Bob Wielinga3 Abstract. The configuration of composite Web services is partic- ularly hard given the heterogeneous, unreliable and open nature of the Web. Furthermore, such composite Web services are likely

  10. Kom met je idee naar de PV! Dit intakeformulier is de eerste stap in de realisatie van uw idee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franssen, Michael

    Kom met je idee naar de PV! Dit intakeformulier is de eerste stap in de realisatie van uw idee budget voor dit idee? Waarmee kan de PV u helpen? * (Denk bijvoorbeeld aan een locatie, meedenken met de een idee aangeleverd bij de PV? Zo ja, wat waren uw ervaringen en wie was uw contactpersoon? Heeft u

  11. Graph Classes and Ramsey Numbers Remy Belmonte, Pinar Heggernes, Pim van 't Hof, Arash Rafiey, and Reza Saei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heggernes, Pinar

    Graph Classes and Ramsey Numbers R´emy Belmonte, Pinar Heggernes, Pim van 't Hof, Arash Rafiey two positive integers i and j, the Ramsey number RG(i, j) is the smallest positive integer. For the class of all graphs, Ramsey numbers are notoriously hard to determine, and they are known only for very

  12. Spark-Gap Atomic Emission Microscopy P. G. Van Patten, J. D. Noll, and M. L. Myrick*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myrick, Michael Lenn

    Spark-Gap Atomic Emission Microscopy P. G. Van Patten, J. D. Noll, and M. L. Myrick* Department been developed. The technique is based on spark atomic emission spectroscopy and provides information the sample and cause emission. Spectra from a polished copper electrode surface are presented and discussed

  13. H:\\Common\\Archives\\NEW-Ludwig Mies van der Rohe.doc 1 A Guide to the Collections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    H:\\Common\\Archives\\NEW-Ludwig Mies van der Rohe.doc 1 A Guide to the Collections: Materials Related. Such materials may be available by contacting the IIT Archives directly. #12;H:\\Common\\Archives\\NEW-Ludwig Mies Museum of Modern Art in New York holds his drawings; his office papers are at the Library of Congress

  14. Methanol Reaction with Sulfuric Acid: A Vibrational Spectroscopic Study Lisa L. Van Loon and Heather C. Allen*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Methanol Reaction with Sulfuric Acid: A Vibrational Spectroscopic Study Lisa L. Van Loon 43210 ReceiVed: May 27, 2004; In Final Form: August 19, 2004 The reaction between methanol and sulfuric peak in the 800 cm-1 region, not present in either the neat methanol or concentrated sulfuric acid

  15. A Meta-Algorithm for the Generation of Referring Expressions Emiel Krahmer, Sebastiaan van Erk and Andre Verleg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that by defining the cost function in different ways, we can mimic various well-known algorithms for the generationA Meta-Algorithm for the Generation of Referring Expressions Emiel Krahmer, Sebastiaan van Erk.J.Krahmer@tue.nl Abstract This paper describes a new approach to the generation of referring expres- sions. We propose

  16. Survey of Quiescent Filament Channels at the Current Solar Minimum Yingna Su, Adriaan van Ballegooijen, Leon Golub

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Su, Yingna

    Survey of Quiescent Filament Channels at the Current Solar Minimum Yingna Su, Adriaan van Ballegooijen, Leon Golub Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics Abstract Type I Filament Channels Type II Filament Channels Summary We present preliminary results of an investigation on filament channels

  17. Expectations of Word Sense in Parallel Corpora Xuchen Yao, Benjamin Van Durme and Chris Callison-Burch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    Expectations of Word Sense in Parallel Corpora Xuchen Yao, Benjamin Van Durme and Chris Callison corpus, if two distinct words in language A, a1 and a2, are aligned to the same word b1 in language B questions of word sense, by looking at sampled parallel sentences containing tokens of the same type

  18. Exploiting the Symmetry on the Jacobi Method on a Mesh of D. Gim'enez R. van de Geijn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giménez, Domingo

    Exploiting the Symmetry on the Jacobi Method on a Mesh of Processors D. Gim'enez R. van de Geijn In this paper, we study the parallelization of the Jacobi method to solve the symmetric eigenvalue prob­ lem to obtain a highly efficient and scalable Jacobi method for solving the symmetric eigenvalue problem for dis

  19. Pressure-driven confinement of hydrogen molecules between graphene sheets in the regime of van der Waals repulsion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gong, Xingao

    Storage of hydrogen in carbon materials,1,2 with its poten- tial application in hydrogen in the interactions between H2 and hosts in solid lattices,2,3 although mechanism for hydrogen storage in car- bonPressure-driven confinement of hydrogen molecules between graphene sheets in the regime of van der

  20. First-principles studies of beryllium doping of GaN Chris G. Van de Walle* and Sukit Limpijumnong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    First-principles studies of beryllium doping of GaN Chris G. Van de Walle* and Sukit Limpijumnong Received 12 October 2000; published 8 June 2001 The structural and electronic properties of beryllium acceptors, and between hydrogen and substitutional beryllium. The results for wurtzite GaN are compared

  1. Business Modelling is not Process Modelling Jaap Gordijn12, Hans Akkermans13, and Hans van Vliet1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Hans

    Business Modelling is not Process Modelling Jaap Gordijn12, Hans Akkermans13, and Hans van Vliet1 1 with a design of the e-business model. We often encounter the view, in research as well as industry practice, that an e-business model is similar to a business process model, and so can be specified using UML activity

  2. What's in an electronic business model? Jaap Gordijn12, Hans Akkermans13, and Hans van Vliet1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Hans

    What's in an electronic business model? Jaap Gordijn12, Hans Akkermans13, and Hans van Vliet1 1. An electronic business model is an important baseline for the development of e-commerce system applications, how an e-business model must be defined and specified is a largely open issue. Business decision

  3. An Analysis of Facebook Photo Caching Qi Huang, Ken Birman, Robbert van Renesse, Wyatt Lloyd, Sanjeev Kumar, Harry C. Li

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keinan, Alon

    An Analysis of Facebook Photo Caching Qi Huang, Ken Birman, Robbert van Renesse, Wyatt Lloyd, Sanjeev Kumar, Harry C. Li Cornell University, Princeton University, Facebook Inc. Abstract This paper examines the workload of Facebook's photo- serving stack and the effectiveness of the many layers

  4. Fluid jet polishing of optical surfaces Oliver W. Fa hnle, Hedser van Brug, and Hans J. Frankena

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fluid jet polishing of optical surfaces Oliver W. Fa¨ hnle, Hedser van Brug, and Hans J. Frankena of complex shapes. A fluid jet system is used to guide a premixed slurry at pressures less than 6 bars to cut glass by use of abrasive slurry jets ASJ's , in which a stream of premixed slurry is entrained

  5. THE INFORMATION IN INTUITIONISTIC LOGIC Johan van Benthem, Amsterdam & Stanford, http://staff.science.uva.nl/~johan/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amsterdam, University of

    that emerge. 1 Logic and information, a web of story lines The notion of information is not a standard theme on this theme (van Benthem & Martinez 2007). I quickly found an `embarras de richesse': many natural notions actual theme, having more to do with Dutch patriotism. Toward the end of the above-mentioned Handbook

  6. Process Mining: A Research Agenda W.M.P. van der Aalst and A.J.M.M. Weijters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    Process Mining: A Research Agenda W.M.P. van der Aalst and A.J.M.M. Weijters Department and control opera- tional business processes ranging from simple internal back-office pro- cesses to complex rather than monitoring the opera- tional business processes. Process mining aims at extracting

  7. Colloidal Crystal Growth at Externally Imposed Nucleation Clusters Sven van Teeffelen,* Christos N. Likos, and Hartmut Lowen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Likos, Christos N.

    Colloidal Crystal Growth at Externally Imposed Nucleation Clusters Sven van Teeffelen,* Christos N positions triggers crystal nucleation from a metastable colloidal fluid. Dynamical density functional theory of colloidal particles and watch directly its impact on the rest of the colloidal suspension. If the crystal

  8. Mode coupling by plasmonic surface scatterers in thin-film silicon solar cells M. van Lare,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polman, Albert

    Mode coupling by plasmonic surface scatterers in thin-film silicon solar cells M. van Lare,1 F a completed thin-film a-Si:H solar cell. Current-voltage measurements show a photocurrent enhancement of 10 of Physics. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4767997] Thin-film solar cells offer the potential of high photovol

  9. Hidden scale invariance in molecular van der Waals liquids: A simulation study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas B. Schrøder; Ulf R. Pedersen; Nicholas Bailey; Søren Toxværd; Jeppe C. Dyre

    2009-09-18

    Results from molecular dynamics simulations of two viscous molecular model liquids -- the Lewis-Wahnstrom model of ortho-terphenyl and an asymmetric dumbbell model -- are reported. We demonstrate that the liquids have a ``hidden'' approximate scale invariance: Equilibrium potential energy fluctuations are accurately described by inverse power law (IPL) potentials, the radial distribution functions are accurately reproduced by the IPL's, and the radial distribution functions obey the IPL predicted scaling properties to a good approximation. IPL scaling of the dynamics also applies -- with the scaling exponent predicted by the equilibrium fluctuations. In contrast, the equation of state does not obey the IPL scaling. We argue that our results are general for van der Waals liquids, but do not apply, e.g., for hydrogen-bonded liquids.

  10. Turbulent mixing of a slightly supercritical Van der Waals fluid at Low-Mach number

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Battista, Francesco; Casciola, Carlo Massimo

    2014-01-01

    Supercritical fluids near the critical point are characterized by liquid-like densities and gas-like transport properties. These features are purposely exploited in different contexts ranging from natural products extraction/fractionation to aerospace propulsion. Large part of studies concerns this last context, focusing on the dynamics of supercritical fluids at high Mach number where compressibility and thermodynamics strictly interact. Despite the widespread use also at low Mach number, the turbulent mixing properties of slightly supercritical fluids have still not investigated in detail in this regime. This topic is addressed here by dealing with Direct Numerical Simulations (DNS) of a coaxial jet of a slightly supercritical Van der Waals fluid. Since acoustic effects are irrelevant in the Low Mach number conditions found in many industrial applications, the numerical model is based on a suitable low-Mach number expansion of the governing equation. According to experimental observations, the weakly superc...

  11. Benzene Adsorbed on Metals: Concerted Effect of Covalency and van der Waals Bonding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Wei; Santra, Biswajit; Michaelides, Angelos; Scheffler, Matthias; Tkatchenko, Alexandre

    2012-01-01

    The adsorption of aromatic molecules on metal surfaces plays a key role in condensed matter physics and functional materials. Depending on the strength of the interaction between the molecule and the surface, the binding is typically classified as either physisorption or chemisorption. Van der Waals (vdW) interactions contribute significantly to the binding in physisorbed systems, but the role of the vdW energy in chemisorbed systems remains unclear. Here we study the interaction of benzene with the (111) surface of transition metals, ranging from weak adsorption (Ag and Au) to strong adsorption (Pt, Pd, Ir, and Rh). When vdW interactions are accurately accounted for, the barrier to adsorption predicted by standard density functional calculations essentially vanishes, producing a metastable precursor state on Pt and Ir surfaces. Notably, vdW forces contribute more to the binding of covalently bonded benzene than they do when benzene is physisorbed.

  12. High-field de Haas{endash}van Alphen measurements in Pd

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vuillemin, J.J. [Department of Physics, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States)] [Department of Physics, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States); Harrison, N. [National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Los Alamos National Laboratory, LANL, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)] [National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Los Alamos National Laboratory, LANL, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Goodrich, R.G. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803 (United States)

    1999-05-01

    The de Haas{endash}van Alphen (dHvA) effect in 99.999{percent} pure palladium has been observed in pulsed fields up to 60 T directed along [100]. We report a dHvA frequency of 73.5 kT with a cyclotron effective mass=12.5m{sub 0}. Such a frequency is not reported previously but is predicted by band theory for the open hole sheet of the Fermi surface. We also observe strong harmonic content near 50 T for the electron sheet and this is interpreted in terms of a field-dependent {ital g} factor. {copyright} {ital 1999} {ital The American Physical Society}

  13. The 1998 NGV lineup: Cars and trucks and vans, oh my!

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-09-01

    As the 1998 model cars roll off the assembly line, environmentalists and the natural gas industry can take pride in the fact that more new natural gas vehicles (NGVs) have joined the lineup. And more will join the fleet by the beginning of the 1999 model year. Two new 1998 NGVs are bi-fuel versions of Ford Motor Co.`s F-Series pickup truck and Econoline van. With two separate fuel systems, the vehicles can be switched between unleaded gasoline and natural gas while in motion. In addition, Mack Trucks Inc. introduced two refuse truck models in late May. American Gas looks at the lineup for this fall and sees a greater variety of vehicles than ever before, with still more promised before the 1999 season begins.

  14. A background correction algorithm for Van Allen Probes MagEIS electron flux measurements

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Claudepierre, S. G.; O'Brien, T. P.; Blake, J. B.; Fennell, J. F.; Roeder, J. L.; Clemmons, J. H.; Looper, M. D.; Mazur, J. E.; Mulligan, T. M.; Spence, H. E.; et al

    2015-07-14

    We describe an automated computer algorithm designed to remove background contamination from the Van Allen Probes Magnetic Electron Ion Spectrometer (MagEIS) electron flux measurements. We provide a detailed description of the algorithm with illustrative examples from on-orbit data. We find two primary sources of background contamination in the MagEIS electron data: inner zone protons and bremsstrahlung X-rays generated by energetic electrons interacting with the spacecraft material. Bremsstrahlung X-rays primarily produce contamination in the lower energy MagEIS electron channels (~30–500 keV) and in regions of geospace where multi-M eV electrons are present. Inner zone protons produce contamination in all MagEIS energymore »channels at roughly L « less

  15. Phase diagram of Rydberg atoms with repulsive van der Waals interaction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Osychenko, O. N.; Astrakharchik, G. E.; Boronat, J.; Lutsyshyn, Y.; Lozovik, Yu. E.

    2011-12-15

    We report a quantum Monte Carlo calculation of the phase diagram of bosons interacting with a repulsive inverse sixth power pair potential, a model for assemblies of Rydberg atoms in the local van der Waals blockade regime. The model can be parametrized in terms of just two parameters, the reduced density and temperature. Solidification happens to the fcc phase. At zero temperature, the transition density is found with the diffusion Monte Carlo method at density {rho}=3.9 (({Dirac_h}/2{pi}){sup 2}/mC{sub 6}){sup 3/4}, where C{sub 6} is the strength of the interaction. The solidification curve at nonzero temperature is studied with the path-integral Monte Carlo approach and is compared with transitions in corresponding harmonic and classical crystals. Relaxation mechanisms are considered in relation to present experiments.

  16. Theory of the colossal Van-der-Waals binding in soft and hard condensed matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mladen Georgiev; Alexander Gochev; Jai Singh

    2005-10-12

    A simple theory is proposed for the dispersive molecular binding of unusually high magnitude due to an enhanced polarizability. Two alternative ways have so far been considered in the literature leading to the polarizability enhancement: (i) a vibronic energy level gap narrowing, as proposed by us with regard to a hypothetical exciton matter, and (ii) a giant electric dipole in a Rydberg state of constituent atoms, as proposed by Gilman with regard to an enigmatic substance building the ball lightning. We now combine the two mechanisms to obtain concrete expressions for the colossal binding energy. The problem is exemplified for a three-level system coupled to the umbrella mode of an ammonia molecule. Other possibilities for the design of enhanced-polarizability molecules are also discussed. The colossal Van-der-Waals binding is most likely to materialize in hard condensed matter and perhaps less so in soft condensed matter.

  17. Critical gravity as van Dam-Veltman-Zakharov discontinuity in anti de Sitter space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yun Soo Myung

    2011-07-20

    We consider critical gravity as van Dam-Vletman-Zakharov (vDVZ) discontinuity in anti de Sitter space. For this purpose, we introduce the higher curvature gravity. This discontinuity can be confirmed by calculating the residues of relevant poles explicitly. For the non-critical gravity of $0

  18. The Van der Waals interaction of the hydrogen molecule - an exact local energy density functional

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. C. Choy

    1999-11-26

    We verify that the van der Waals interaction and hence all dispersion interactions for the hydrogen molecule given by: W"= -{A/R^6}-{B/R^8}-{C/R^10}- ..., in which R is the internuclear separation, are exactly soluble. The constants A=6.4990267..., B=124.3990835 ... and C=1135.2140398... (in Hartree units) first obtained approximately by Pauling and Beach (PB) [1] using a linear variational method, can be shown to be obtainable to any desired accuracy via our exact solution. In addition we shall show that a local energy density functional can be obtained, whose variational solution rederives the exact solution for this problem. This demonstrates explicitly that a static local density functional theory exists for this system. We conclude with remarks about generalising the method to other hydrogenic systems and also to helium.

  19. Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Dodge Ram Wagon Van - Hydrogen/CNG Operations Summary - January 2003

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karner, D.; Francfort, J.E.

    2003-01-16

    Over the past two years, Arizona Public Service, a subsidiary of Pinnacle West Capital Corporation, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity, tested four gaseous fuel vehicles as part of its alternative fueled vehicle fleet. One vehicle, a Dodge Ram Wagon Van, operated initially using compressed natural gas (CNG) and later a blend of CNG and hydrogen. Of the other three vehicles, one was fueled with pure hydrogen and two were fueled with a blend of CNG and hydrogen. The three blended-fuel vehicles were originally equipped with either factory CNG engines or factory gasoline engines that were converted to run CNG fuel. The vehicles were variously modified to operate on blended fuel and were tested using 15 to 50% blends of hydrogen (by volume). The pure-hydrogen-fueled vehicle was converted from gasoline fuel to operate on 100% hydrogen. All vehicles were fueled from the Arizona Public Service's Fuel Pilot Plant, which was developed to dispense gaseous fuels, including CNG, blends of CNG and hydrogen, and pure hydrogen with up to 99.9999% purity. The primary objective of the test was to evaluate the safety and reliability of operating vehicles on hydrogen and blended hydrogen fuel, and the interface between the vehicles and the hydrogen fueling infrastructure. A secondary objective was to quantify vehicle emissions, cost, and performance. Over a total of 40,000 fleet test miles, no safety issues were found. Also, significant reductions in emissions were achieved by adding hydrogen to the fuel. This report presents results of 22,816 miles of testing for the Dodge Ram Wagon Van, operating on CNG fuel, and a blended fuel of 15% hydrogen-85% CNG.

  20. Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Dodge Ram Wagon Van -- Hydrogen/CNG Operations Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Don Karner; Francfort, James Edward

    2003-01-01

    Over the past two years, Arizona Public Service, a subsidiary of Pinnacle West Capital Corporation, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity, tested four gaseous fuel vehicles as part of its alternative fueled vehicle fleet. One vehicle, a Dodge Ram Wagon Van, operated initially using compressed natural gas (CNG) and later a blend of CNG and hydrogen. Of the other three vehicles, one was fueled with pure hydrogen and two were fueled with a blend of CNG and hydrogen. The three blended-fuel vehicles were originally equipped with either factory CNG engines or factory gasoline engines that were converted to run CNG fuel. The vehicles were variously modified to operate on blended fuel and were tested using 15 to 50% blends of hydrogen (by volume). The pure-hydrogen-fueled vehicle was converted from gasoline fuel to operate on 100% hydrogen. All vehicles were fueled from the Arizona Public Service’s Alternative Fuel Pilot Plant, which was developed to dispense gaseous fuels, including CNG, blends of CNG and hydrogen, and pure hydrogen with up to 99.9999% purity. The primary objective of the test was to evaluate the safety and reliability of operating vehicles on hydrogen and blended hydrogen fuel, and the interface between the vehicles and the hydrogen fueling infrastructure. A secondary objective was to quantify vehicle emissions, cost, and performance. Over a total of 40,000 fleet test miles, no safety issues were found. Also, significant reductions in emissions were achieved by adding hydrogen to the fuel. This report presents results of 22,816 miles of testing for the Dodge Ram Wagon Van, operating on CNG fuel, and a blended fuel of 15% hydrogen–85% CNG.

  1. Synthesis and photoluminescence properties of Ca{sub 19}Mg{sub 2}(PO{sub 4}){sub 14}:Sm{sup 3+} red phosphor for white light emitting diodes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhu, Ge; Ci, Zhipeng; Shi, Yurong; Wang, Yuhua

    2014-07-01

    Highlights: • A novel red phosphor Ca{sub 19}Mg{sub 2}(PO{sub 4}){sub 14}:Sm{sup 3+} was synthesized and investigated firstly. • The structure and characteristic luminescence properties are discussed. • The excellent thermal stability was found and investigated. • It has good color saturation, the CIE is close to that of commercial Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+}. - Abstract: A series of Sm{sup 3+} doped Ca{sub 19}Mg{sub 2}(PO{sub 4}){sub 14} red phosphors were successfully synthesized. X-ray diffraction analysis indicates that all the samples are single phased. The luminescence property is investigated in detail by measuring their photoluminescence excitation and emission spectra. Ca{sub 19}Mg{sub 2}(PO{sub 4}){sub 14}:Sm{sup 3+} phosphors show strong absorption in 400–410 nm region, which is suitable for application in LEDs. When excited at 403 nm, Ca{sub 19}Mg{sub 2}(PO{sub 4}){sub 14}:Sm{sup 3+} phosphor can emit red emission with CIE chromaticity coordinates (0.615, 0.384). The optimal doping concentration of Sm{sup 3+} doped Ca{sub 19}Mg{sub 2}(PO{sub 4}){sub 14} is measured to be 0.02. The thermal quenching property is also measured and compared with the commercial red phosphor Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+} (Topstar, TXC-RIA). The results indicate Ca{sub 19}Mg{sub 2}(PO{sub 4}){sub 14}:Sm{sup 3+} phosphors have potential to serve as a red phosphor for white LEDs.

  2. LG Display Everlight Electronics JV | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervar HydroElectric Cooperative(RedirectedChem Ltd Jump

  3. LG Dismisses Lawsuit against DOE over Energy Star Enforcement | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURING OFFICE INDUSTRIALU.S. DepartmentJeanKeyLANL SustainableRoadway4Program

  4. DOE_LG_Signed_Settlement_Agreement.pdf | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based| Department8, 20153 METHODSDOE/LaborSeptember 6, 2012 Scott

  5. Settlement Agreement between DOE and LG Electronics | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OF APPLICABLE DIRECTIVES Pursuant to theDepartmentWork ForceSeptemberSetting

  6. DOE Reaches Agreement with LG Electronics | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels DataEnergy Webinar:IAbout Us »Buildings DOEDOEProgram

  7. DOE Reaches Agreement with LG Electronics, USA, On Refrigerator Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-in electric vehicle10nominateEnergy U.S. EnergyEnergyMatter |

  8. Synthesis and photoluminescence properties of NaLaMgWO{sub 6}:RE{sup 3+} (RE = Eu, Sm, Tb) phosphor for white LED application

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hou, Jingshan [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Dong Hua University, Shanghai 200051 (China) [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Dong Hua University, Shanghai 200051 (China); CAS Key Laboratory of Materials for Energy Conversion, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050 (China); College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Yin, Xin [CAS Key Laboratory of Materials for Energy Conversion, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050 (China) [CAS Key Laboratory of Materials for Energy Conversion, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050 (China); College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Huang, Fuqiang, E-mail: huangfq@mail.sic.ac.cn [CAS Key Laboratory of Materials for Energy Conversion, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050 (China) [CAS Key Laboratory of Materials for Energy Conversion, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050 (China); College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Jiang, Weizhong, E-mail: jwzh@dhu.edu.cn [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Dong Hua University, Shanghai 200051 (China)] [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Dong Hua University, Shanghai 200051 (China)

    2012-06-15

    Highlights: ? NaLa{sub 1?x}MgWO{sub 6}:xRE{sup 3+} phosphors were synthesized by solid-state reaction method. ? Compared with Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+}, NaLaMgWO{sub 6}:Eu{sup 3+} performed better luminescence properties. ? The results demonstrated NaLaMgWO{sub 6} as a suitable host for RE{sup 3+}-doping. -- Abstract: Single phase of NaLa{sub 1?x}MgWO{sub 6}:xRE{sup 3+} (0 < x ?1) (RE = Eu, Sm, Tb) phosphors were prepared by solid-state reaction method. X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, the morphology energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, UV–vis diffuse reflectance spectra and photoluminescence were used to characterize the samples. Under the light excitation, NaLaMgWO{sub 6}:Eu{sup 3+}, NaLaMgWO{sub 6}:Sm{sup 3+} and NaLaMgWO{sub 6}:Tb{sup 3+}, phosphors showed the characteristic emissions of Eu{sup 3+} ({sup 5}D{sub 0} ? {sup 7}F{sub 4,3,2,1}), Sm{sup 3+} ({sup 4}G{sub 5/2} ? {sup 6}H{sub 5/2,7/2,9/2}), and Tb{sup 3+} ({sup 5}D{sub 4} ? {sup 7}F{sub 6,5,4,3}), respectively. The intensity of the red emission for Na(La{sub 0.6}Eu{sub 0.4})MgWO{sub 6} is 2.5 times higher than that of (Y{sub 0.95}Eu{sub 0.05}){sub 2}O{sub 3} under blue light irradiation. The quantum efficiencies of the entitled phosphors excited under 394 nm and 464 nm are also investigated and compared with commercial phosphors Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+}, Sr{sub 2}Si{sub 5}N{sub 8}:Eu{sup 2+} and Y{sub 3}A{sub 5}G{sub 12}:Ce{sup 3+}. The results demonstrated NaLaMgWO{sub 6}:RE{sup 3+} phosphors as potential candidates for white light emitting diode pumped by UV or blue chip.

  9. Pas afgestudeerd aan de VUB en nu reeds te CERN! Isis Van Parijs en Lieselotte Moreels zijn op 5 juli geproclameerd als Master in de

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steels, Luc

    Pas afgestudeerd aan de VUB en nu reeds te CERN! Isis Van Parijs en://cms.web.cern.ch/ ) Foto's: Lieselotte (links) en Isis (rechts) voor hun detector. Foto's: Isis aan het werk in de CMS detector. #12;

  10. Structural phase transition of ternary dielectric SmGdO{sub 3}: Evidence from angle dispersive x-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopic studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sharma, Yogesh E-mail: satya504@gmail.com Sahoo, Satyaprakash E-mail: satya504@gmail.com Misra, Pankaj; Pavunny, Shojan P.; Katiyar, Ram S. E-mail: satya504@gmail.com; Mishra, A. K.; Dwivedi, Abhilash; Sharma, S. M.

    2015-03-07

    High-pressure synchrotron based angle dispersive x-ray diffraction (ADXRD) studies were carried out on SmGdO{sub 3} (SGO) up to 25.7?GPa at room temperature. ADXRD results indicated a reversible pressure-induced phase transition from ambient monoclinic to hexagonal phase at ?8.9?GPa. The observed pressure-volume data were fitted with the third order Birch-Murnaghan equation of state yielding zero pressure bulk modulus B{sub 0}?=?132(22) and 177(9) GPa for monoclinic (B-type) and hexagonal (A-type) phases, respectively. Pressure dependent micro-Raman spectroscopy further confirmed the monoclinic to hexagonal phase transition at about 5.24?GPa. The mode Grüneisen parameters and pressure coefficients for different Raman modes corresponding to each individual phases of SGO were calculated using pressure dependent Raman mode analysis.

  11. Sensitivity of fusion and quasi-elastic barrier distributions of {sub 16}O+{sub 144}Sm reaction on the coupling radius parameter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zamrun, Muhammad; Usman, Ida; Variani, Viska Inda [Department of Physics, Haluoleo University, Kendari, Sulawesi Tengagra, 93232 (Indonesia); Kassim, Hasan Abu [Department of Physics, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia)

    2014-03-05

    We study the heavy-ion collision at sub-barrier energies of {sub 16}O+{sub 144}Sm system using full order coupled-channels formalism. We especially investigate the sensitivity of fusion and quasi-elastic barrier distributions for this system on the coupling radius parameter. We found that the coupled-channels calculations of the fusion and the quasi-elastic barrier distributions are sensitive to the coupling radius for this reaction in contrast to the fusion and quasi-elastic cross section. Our study indicates that the larger coupling radius, i.e., r{sub coup}=1.20, is required by the experimental quasi-elastic barrier distribution. However, the experimental fusion barrier distribution compulsory the small value, i.e., r{sub coup}=1.06.

  12. Structural, magnetic, and mechanical properties of 5 {mu}m thick SmCo films suitable for use in microelectromechanical systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walther, A. [Institut Neel, CNRS-UJF, 25 rue des Martyrs, 38042 Grenoble (France); CEA Leti-MINATEC, 17 rue des Martyrs, 38054 Grenoble (France); Givord, D.; Dempsey, N. M. [Institut Neel, CNRS-UJF, 25 rue des Martyrs, 38042 Grenoble (France); Khlopkov, K.; Gutfleisch, O. [IFW Dresden, Institute of Metallic Materials, Helmholtzstr. 20, 01069 Dresden (Germany)

    2008-02-15

    5 {mu}m thick SmCo films were deposited onto Si substrates using triode sputtering. A study of the influence of deposition temperature (T{sub dep}{<=}600 deg. C) on the structural, magnetic, and mechanical properties has shown that optimum properties [highest degree of in-plane texture, maximum in-plane coercivity and remanence (1.3 and 0.8 T, respectively), and no film peel-off] are achieved for films deposited at the relatively low temperature of 350 deg. C. This temperature is compatible with film integration into microelectromechanical systems. The deposition rate was increased from 3.6 to 18 {mu}m/h by increasing the surface area of the target from 7 to 81 cm{sup 2} while keeping the target potential fixed. Mechanically intact films could be prepared by deposition onto prepatterned films or deposition through a mask.

  13. Ground state properties of even-even and odd Nd,Ce and Sm isotopes in Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Younes El Bassem; Mustapha Oulne

    2015-10-06

    In this work, we have studied ground-state properties of both even-even and odd Nd isotopes within Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov method with SLy5 Skyrme force in which the pairing strength has been generalized with a new proposed formula. We calculated bind- ing energies, two-neutron separation energies, quadrupole deformation, charge, neutron and proton radii. Similar calculations have been carried out for Ce and Sm in order to verify the validity of our pairing strength formula. The results have been compared with available experimental data, the results of Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov calculations based on the D1S Gogny effective nucleon-nucleon interaction and predictions of some nuclear models such as Finite Range Droplet Model (FRDM) and Relativistic Mean Field (RMF) theory.

  14. Soils of Collin, Frio, Galveston, Midland, Potter, and Van Zandt Counties and the Trans-Pecos Area. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach); Fudge, J. F. (Joseph Franklin)

    1936-01-01

    and the Trans-Pecos Area AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS T. 0. WALTON, President Chemical analyses and some pot experiments are reported >r representative samples of typical soils of Collin, Fkio, Gal- eston, Midland, Potter, and Van Zandt... Potash 6 Acidity 6 How to use the analyses 8 Explanation of terms 0 Classification of constituents Saline soils Pot experiments Relation of chemical analysis to production Average composition of the soils studied Fertilizers for the soils...

  15. The occurrence and wave properties of H?-, He?-, and O?-band EMIC waves observed by the Van Allen Probes

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Saikin, A. A.; Zhang, J. -C.; Allen, R. C.; Smith, C. W.; Kistler, L. M.; Spence, H. E.; Torbert, R. B.; Kletzing, C. A.; Jordanova, Vania K.

    2015-09-26

    We perform a statistical study of electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) waves detected by the Van Allen Probes mission to investigate the spatial distribution of their occurrence, wave power, ellipticity, and normal angle. The Van Allen Probes have been used which allow us to explore the inner magnetosphere (1.1 to 5.8 RE). Magnetic field measurements from the Electric and Magnetic Field Instrument Suite and Integrated Science on board the Van Allen Probes are used to identify EMIC wave events for the first 22 months of the mission operation (8 September 2012 to 30 June 2014). EMIC waves are examined in H?-,more »He?-, and O?-bands. Over 700 EMIC wave events have been identified over the three different wave bands (265 H?-band events, 438 He?-band events, and 68 O?-band events). EMIC wave events are observed between L = 2 – 8, with over 140 EMIC wave events observed below L = 4. The results show that H?-band EMIC waves have two peak magnetic local time (MLT) occurrence regions: pre-noon (09:00 0.1 nT²/Hz), especially in the afternoon sector. Ellipticity observations reveal that linearly polarized EMIC waves dominate in lower L shells.« less

  16. Generalization of the van der Waals equation for anisotropic fluids in porous media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myroslav Holovko; Volodymyr Shmotolokha

    2015-09-01

    The generalized van der Waals equation of state for anisotropic liquids in porous media consists of two terms.One of them is based on the equation of state for hard spherocylinders in random porous media obtained from the scaled particle theory.The second term is expressed in terms of the mean value of attractive intermolecular interactions.The obtained equation is used for the investigation of the gas-liquid-nematic phase behavior of a molecular system depending on the anisotropy of molecule shapes, anisotropy of attractive intermolecular interactions, and porosity of a porous medium.It is shown that the anisotropic phase is formed by the anisotropy of attractive intermolecular interactions and by the anisotropy of molecular shapes.The anisotropy of molecular shapes shifts the phase diagram to lower densities and higher temperatures.The anisotropy of attractive interactions widens significantly the coexistence region between the isotropic and anisotropic phases and shifts it to the region of lower densities and higher temperatures.It is shown that, for sufficiently long spherocylinders, the liquid-gas transition is localized completely within the nematic region.For all the considered cases, the decrease of the porosity shifts the phase diagram to the region of lower densities and lower temperatures.

  17. The role of van der Waals interactions in the adsorption of noble gases on metal surfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, De-Li; Al-Saidi, W. A.; Johnson, J. Karl

    2012-10-24

    Adsorption of noble gases on metal surfaces is determined by weak interactions. We applied two versions of the nonlocal van der Waals density functional (vdW-DF) to compute adsorption energies of Ar, Kr, and Xe on Pt(111), Pd(111), Cu(111), and Cu(110) metal surfaces. We have compared our results with data obtained using other density functional approaches, including the semiempirical vdW corrected DFT-D2. The vdW-DF results show considerable improvements in the description of adsorption energies and equilibrium distances over other DFTbased methods, giving good agreement with experiments. We have also calculated perpendicular vibrational energies for noble gases on the metal surfaces using vdWDF data and found excellent agreement with available experimental results. Our vdW-DF calculations show that adsorption of noble gases on low-coordination sites is energetically favored over high-coordination sites, but only by a few meV. Analysis of the 2-dimensional potential energy surface shows that the high-coordination sites are local maxima on the 2-dimensional potential energy surface and therefore unlikely to be observed in experiments, which provides an explanation of the experimental observations. The DFT-D2 approach with the standard parameterization was found to overestimate the dispersion interactions, and to give the wrong adsorption site preference for four of the nine systems we studied.

  18. A background correction algorithm for Van Allen Probes MagEIS electron flux measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Claudepierre, S. G.; O'Brien, T. P.; Blake, J. B.; Fennell, J. F.; Roeder, J. L.; Clemmons, J. H.; Looper, M. D.; Mazur, J. E.; Mulligan, T. M.; Spence, H. E.; Reeves, G. D.; Friedel, R. H. W.; Henderson, M. G.; Larsen, B. A.

    2015-07-14

    We describe an automated computer algorithm designed to remove background contamination from the Van Allen Probes Magnetic Electron Ion Spectrometer (MagEIS) electron flux measurements. We provide a detailed description of the algorithm with illustrative examples from on-orbit data. We find two primary sources of background contamination in the MagEIS electron data: inner zone protons and bremsstrahlung X-rays generated by energetic electrons interacting with the spacecraft material. Bremsstrahlung X-rays primarily produce contamination in the lower energy MagEIS electron channels (~30–500 keV) and in regions of geospace where multi-M eV electrons are present. Inner zone protons produce contamination in all MagEIS energy channels at roughly L < 2.5. The background-corrected MagEIS electron data produce a more accurate measurement of the electron radiation belts, as most earlier measurements suffer from unquantifiable and uncorrectable contamination in this harsh region of the near-Earth space environment. These background-corrected data will also be useful for spacecraft engineering purposes, providing ground truth for the near-Earth electron environment and informing the next generation of spacecraft design models (e.g., AE9).

  19. Limiting temperature of pion gas with the van der Waals equation of state

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poberezhnyuk, R V; Anchishkin, D V; Gorenstein, M I

    2015-01-01

    The grand canonical ensemble formulation of the van der Waals equation of state that includes the effects of Bose statistics is applied to an equilibrium system of interacting pions. If the attractive interaction between pions is large enough, a limiting temperature $T_0$ emerges, i.e., no thermodynamical equilibrium is possible at $T>T_0$. The system pressure $p$, particle number density $n$, and energy density $\\varepsilon$ remain finite at $T=T_0$, whereas for $T$ near $T_0$ both the specific heat $C=d\\varepsilon/dT$ and the scaled variance of particle number fluctuations $\\omega[N]$ are proportional to $(T_0-T)^{-1/2}$ and, thus, go to infinity at $T\\rightarrow T_0$. The limiting temperature corresponds also to the softest point of the equation of state, i.e., the speed of sound squared $c_s^2=dp/d\\varepsilon$ goes to zero as $(T_0-T)^{1/2}$. Very similar thermodynamical behavior takes place in the Hagedorn model for the special choice of a power, namely $m^{-4}$, in the pre-exponential factor of the mass...

  20. Limiting temperature of pion gas with the van der Waals equation of state

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. V. Poberezhnyuk; V. Vovchenko; D. V. Anchishkin; M. I. Gorenstein

    2015-08-19

    The grand canonical ensemble formulation of the van der Waals equation of state that includes the effects of Bose statistics is applied to an equilibrium system of interacting pions. If the attractive interaction between pions is large enough, a limiting temperature $T_0$ emerges, i.e., no thermodynamical equilibrium is possible at $T>T_0$. The system pressure $p$, particle number density $n$, and energy density $\\varepsilon$ remain finite at $T=T_0$, whereas for $T$ near $T_0$ both the specific heat $C=d\\varepsilon/dT$ and the scaled variance of particle number fluctuations $\\omega[N]$ are proportional to $(T_0-T)^{-1/2}$ and, thus, go to infinity at $T\\rightarrow T_0$. The limiting temperature corresponds also to the softest point of the equation of state, i.e., the speed of sound squared $c_s^2=dp/d\\varepsilon$ goes to zero as $(T_0-T)^{1/2}$. Very similar thermodynamical behavior takes place in the Hagedorn model for the special choice of a power, namely $m^{-4}$, in the pre-exponential factor of the mass spectrum $\\rho(m)$.

  1. Controlled Synthesis of Organic/Inorganic van de Waals Solid for Tunable Light-matter Interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niu, Lin; Cong, Chunxiao; Wu, Chunyang; Wu, Di; Chang, Tay-Rong; Wang, Hong; Zeng, Qingsheng; Zhou, Jiadong; Wang, Xingli; Fu, Wei; Yu, Peng; Fu, Qundong; Zhang, Zhuhua; Yakobson, Boris I; Tay, Beng Kang; Jeng, Horng-Tay; Lin, Hsin; Sum, Tze Chien; Jin, Chuanhong; He, Haiyong; Yu, Ting; Liu, Zheng

    2015-01-01

    Van de Waals (vdW) solids, as a new type of artificial materials that consisting of alternative layers bonded by weak interactions, have shed light on fantastic optoelectronic devices. As a result, a large variety of shining vdW devices have been engineered via layer-by-layer stacking of two-dimensional materials, although shadowed by the difficulties of fabrication. Alternatively, direct growth of vdW solids have been proved a scalable and swift way towards vdW solids, reflected by the successful synthesis of graphene/h-BN and transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) vertical heterostructures from controlled vapor deposition. Enlightened by it, with a three-step deposition and reaction, we realize high-quality organic and inorganic vdW solids, using methylammonium lead halide as the organic part (organic perovskite) and 2D monolayers inorganic as counterpart. Being a perfect light absorbent, the electrons and holes generated in organic perovskite couple with its inorganic 2D companions, and behave dramaticall...

  2. Van der Waals Equation of State with Fermi Statistics for Nuclear Matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Vovchenko; D. V. Anchishkin; M. I. Gorenstein

    2015-06-26

    The van der Waals (VDW) equation of state is a simple and popular model to describe the pressure function in equilibrium systems of particles with both repulsive and attractive interactions. This equation predicts an existence of a first-order liquid-gas phase transition and contains a critical point. Two steps to extend the VDW equation and make it appropriate for new physical applications are carried out in this paper: 1) the grand canonical ensemble formulation; 2) an inclusion of the quantum statistics. The VDW equation with Fermi statistics is then applied to a description of the system of interacting nucleons. The VDW parameters $a$ and $b$ are fixed to reproduce the properties of nuclear matter at saturation density $n_0=0.16$ fm$^{-3}$ and zero temperature. The model predicts a location of the critical point for the symmetric nuclear matter at temperature $T_c\\cong 19.7$ MeV and nucleon number density $n_c \\cong 0.07$ fm$^{-3}$.

  3. A long-lived relativistic electron storage ring embedded in Earth's Outer Van Allen belt

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Baker, D. N.; Kanekal, S. G.; Hoxie, V. C.; Henderson, M. G.; Li, X.; Spence, H. E.; Elkington, S. R.; Friedel, R. H. W.; Goldstein, J.; Hudson, M. K.; et al

    2013-02-28

    Since their discovery over 50 years ago, the Earth’s Van Allen radiation belts are thought to consist of two distinct zones of trapped, highly energetic charged particles. The outer zone is comprised predominantly of mega-electron volt (MeV) electrons that wax and wane in intensity on time scales ranging from hours to days depending primarily on external forcing by the solar wind. Thus, the spatially separated inner zone is comprised of commingled high-energy electrons and very energetic positive ions (mostly protons), the latter being stable in intensity levels over years to decades. In situ energy-specific and temporally resolved spacecraft observations revealmore »an isolated third ring, or torus, of high-energy (E > 2 MeV) electrons that formed on 2 September 2012 and persisted largely unchanged in the geocentric radial range of 3.0 to ~3.5 Earth radii for over four weeks before being disrupted (and virtually annihilated) by a powerful interplanetary shock wave passage.« less

  4. Experimental validation of the van Herk margin formula for lung radiation therapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ecclestone, Gillian; Heath, Emily; Bissonnette, Jean-Pierre

    2013-11-15

    Purpose: To validate the van Herk margin formula for lung radiation therapy using realistic dose calculation algorithms and respiratory motion modeling. The robustness of the margin formula against variations in lesion size, peak-to-peak motion amplitude, tissue density, treatment technique, and plan conformity was assessed, along with the margin formula assumption of a homogeneous dose distribution with perfect plan conformity.Methods: 3DCRT and IMRT lung treatment plans were generated within the ORBIT treatment planning platform (RaySearch Laboratories, Sweden) on 4DCT datasets of virtual phantoms. Random and systematic respiratory motion induced errors were simulated using deformable registration and dose accumulation tools available within ORBIT for simulated cases of varying lesion sizes, peak-to-peak motion amplitudes, tissue densities, and plan conformities. A detailed comparison between the margin formula dose profile model, the planned dose profiles, and penumbra widths was also conducted to test the assumptions of the margin formula. Finally, a correction to account for imperfect plan conformity was tested as well as a novel application of the margin formula that accounts for the patient-specific motion trajectory.Results: The van Herk margin formula ensured full clinical target volume coverage for all 3DCRT and IMRT plans of all conformities with the exception of small lesions in soft tissue. No dosimetric trends with respect to plan technique or lesion size were observed for the systematic and random error simulations. However, accumulated plans showed that plan conformity decreased with increasing tumor motion amplitude. When comparing dose profiles assumed in the margin formula model to the treatment plans, discrepancies in the low dose regions were observed for the random and systematic error simulations. However, the margin formula respected, in all experiments, the 95% dose coverage required for planning target volume (PTV) margin derivation, as defined by the ICRU; thus, suitable PTV margins were estimated. The penumbra widths calculated in lung tissue for each plan were found to be very similar to the 6.4 mm value assumed by the margin formula model. The plan conformity correction yielded inconsistent results which were largely affected by image and dose grid resolution while the trajectory modified PTV plans yielded a dosimetric benefit over the standard internal target volumes approach with up to a 5% decrease in the V20 value.Conclusions: The margin formula showed to be robust against variations in tumor size and motion, treatment technique, plan conformity, as well as low tissue density. This was validated by maintaining coverage of all of the derived PTVs by 95% dose level, as required by the formal definition of the PTV. However, the assumption of perfect plan conformity in the margin formula derivation yields conservative margin estimation. Future modifications to the margin formula will require a correction for plan conformity. Plan conformity can also be improved by using the proposed trajectory modified PTV planning approach. This proves especially beneficial for tumors with a large anterior–posterior component of respiratory motion.

  5. Turbulent mixing of a slightly supercritical van der Waals fluid at low-Mach number

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Battista, F.; Casciola, C. M.; Picano, F.

    2014-05-15

    Supercritical fluids near the critical point are characterized by liquid-like densities and gas-like transport properties. These features are purposely exploited in different contexts ranging from natural products extraction/fractionation to aerospace propulsion. Large part of studies concerns this last context, focusing on the dynamics of supercritical fluids at high Mach number where compressibility and thermodynamics strictly interact. Despite the widespread use also at low Mach number, the turbulent mixing properties of slightly supercritical fluids have still not investigated in detail in this regime. This topic is addressed here by dealing with Direct Numerical Simulations of a coaxial jet of a slightly supercritical van der Waals fluid. Since acoustic effects are irrelevant in the low Mach number conditions found in many industrial applications, the numerical model is based on a suitable low-Mach number expansion of the governing equation. According to experimental observations, the weakly supercritical regime is characterized by the formation of finger-like structures – the so-called ligaments – in the shear layers separating the two streams. The mechanism of ligament formation at vanishing Mach number is extracted from the simulations and a detailed statistical characterization is provided. Ligaments always form whenever a high density contrast occurs, independently of real or perfect gas behaviors. The difference between real and perfect gas conditions is found in the ligament small-scale structure. More intense density gradients and thinner interfaces characterize the near critical fluid in comparison with the smoother behavior of the perfect gas. A phenomenological interpretation is here provided on the basis of the real gas thermodynamics properties.

  6. Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Hydrogen-Fueled Mercedes Sprinter Van -- Operating Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karner, D.; Francfort, James Edward

    2003-01-01

    Over the past two years, Arizona Public Service, a subsidiary of Pinnacle West Capital Corporation, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity, tested four gaseous fuel vehicles as part of its alternative fueled vehicle fleet. One vehicle operated initially using compressed natural gas (CNG) and later a blend of CNG and hydrogen. Of the other three vehicles, one was fueled with pure hydrogen and two were fueled with a blend of CNG and hydrogen. The three blended-fuel vehicles were originally equipped with either factory CNG engines or factory gasoline engines that were converted to run CNG fuel. The vehicles were variously modified to operate on blended fuel and were tested using 15 to 50% blends of hydrogen (by volume). The pure- hydrogen-fueled vehicle was converted from gasoline fuel to operate on 100% hydrogen. All vehicles were fueled from the Arizona Public Service's Alternative Fuel Pilot Plant, which was developed to dispense gaseous fuels, including CNG, blends of CNG and hydrogen, and pure hydrogen with up to 99.9999% purity. The primary objective of the test was to evaluate the safety and reliability of operating vehicles on hydrogen and blended hydrogen fuel, and the interface between the vehicles and the hydrogen fueling infrastructure. A secondary objective was to quantify vehicle emissions, cost, and performance. Over a total of 40,000 fleet test miles, no safety issues were found. Also, significant reductions in emissions were achieved by adding hydrogen to the fuel. This report presents results of testing conducted over 6,864 kilometers (4,265 miles) of operation using the pure-hydrogen-fueled Mercedes Sprinter van.

  7. Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Hydrogen-Fueled Mercedes Sprinter Van Operating Summary - January 2003

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karner, D.; Francfort, J.E.

    2003-01-22

    Over the past two years, Arizona Public Service, a subsidiary of Pinnacle West Capital Corporation, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity, tested four gaseous fuel vehicles as part of its alternative fueled vehicle fleet. One vehicle operated initially using compressed natural gas (CNG) and later a blend of CNG and hydrogen. Of the other three vehicles, one was fueled with pure hydrogen and two were fueled with a blend of CNG and hydrogen. The three blended-fuel vehicles were originally equipped with either factory CNG engines or factory gasoline engines that were converted to run CNG fuel. The vehicles were variously modified to operate on blended fuel and were tested using 15 to 50% blends of hydrogen (by volume). The pure-hydrogen-fueled vehicle was converted from gasoline fuel to operate on 100% hydrogen. All vehicles were fueled from the Arizona Public Service's Alternative Fuel Pilot Plant, which was developed to dispense gaseous fuels, including CNG, blends of CNG and hydrogen, and pure hydrogen with up to 99.9999% purity. The primary objective of the test was to evaluate the safety and reliability of operating vehicles on hydrogen and blended hydrogen fuel, and the interface between the vehicles and the hydrogen fueling infrastructure. A secondary objective was to quantify vehicle emissions, cost, and performance. Over a total of 40,000 fleet test miles, no safety issues were found. Also, significant reductions in emissions were achieved by adding hydrogen to the fuel. This report presents results of testing conducted over 6,864 kilometers (4,265 miles) of operation using the pure-hydrogen-fueled Mercedes Sprinter van.

  8. Energetic electron precipitation associated with pulsating aurora: EISCAT and Van Allen Probe observations

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Miyoshi, Y.; Oyama, S.; Saito, S.; Kurita, S.; Fujiwara, H.; Kataoka, R.; Ebihara, Y.; Kletzing, C.; Reeves, G.; Santolik, O.; et al

    2015-04-21

    Pulsating auroras show quasi-periodic intensity modulations caused by the precipitation of energetic electrons of the order of tens of keV. It is expected theoretically that not only these electrons but also subrelativistic/relativistic electrons precipitate simultaneously into the ionosphere owing to whistler mode wave-particle interactions. The height-resolved electron density profile was observed with the European Incoherent Scatter (EISCAT) Tromsø VHF radar on 17 November 2012. Electron density enhancements were clearly identified at altitudes >68 km in association with the pulsating aurora, suggesting precipitation of electrons with a broadband energy range from ~10 keV up to at least 200 keV. The riometermore »and network of subionospheric radio wave observations also showed the energetic electron precipitations during this period. During this period, the footprint of the Van Allen Probe-A satellite was very close to Tromsø and the satellite observed rising tone emissions of the lower band chorus (LBC) waves near the equatorial plane. Considering the observed LBC waves and electrons, we conducted a computer simulation of the wave-particle interactions. This showed simultaneous precipitation of electrons at both tens of keV and a few hundred keV, which is consistent with the energy spectrum estimated by the inversion method using the EISCAT observations. This result revealed that electrons with a wide energy range simultaneously precipitate into the ionosphere in association with the pulsating aurora, providing the evidence that pulsating auroras are caused by whistler chorus waves. We suggest that scattering by propagating whistler simultaneously causes both the precipitations of subrelativistic electrons and the pulsating aurora.« less

  9. Structure, thermodynamic, and magnetic properties of Ln[sub 4]PdO[sub 7] with Ln = La, Nd, Sm, Eu, and Gd

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andersson, M.; Grins, J.; Nygren, M. (Stockholm Univ. (Sweden))

    1999-09-01

    The structure of Nd[sub 4]PdO[sub 7] has been determined and refined using the Rietveld method and combined CuK[alpha][sub 1] X-ray and neutron powder data in space group P[bar 1] with unit cell a = 15.972(2), b = 7.1927(7), c = 6.9160(6) [angstrom], [alpha] = 96.299(4), [beta] = 131.643(3), [gamma] = 121.438(3)[degree], V = 353.83(6) [angstrom][sup 3] and Z = 2, to R[sub F] = 2.0% (neutron data) and R[sub F] = 6.2% (X-ray data). The structure is closely related to the monoclinic La[sub 4]PdO[sub 7] structure and exhibits Nd atoms coordinated by seven O atoms and Pd atoms coordinated by a square of O atoms. Isolated chains of trans-corner-sharing PdO[sub 4] squares are straight in the La[sub 4]PdO[sub 7] structure and staggered in the Nd[sub 4]PdO[sub 7] structure. Electron and X-ray powder diffraction data show that Ln[sub 4]PdO[sub 7] with Ln = Sm, Eu, and Gd is isostructural with Nd[sub 4]PdO[sub 7]. The enthalpies of dissolution of Ln[sub 4]PdO[sub 7] (Ln = La, Nd) in 1.000 M HCl have been measured with an in-house built calorimeter, and from these values the enthalpies of formation for the compounds have been calculated. The decomposition temperatures of Ln[sub 4]PdO[sub 7] with Ln = La and Nd in oxygen have been determined by thermogravimetric measurements and found to decrease from 1645 [+-] 10 K for La[sub 4]PdO[sub 7] to 1540 [+-] 10 K for Nd[sub 4]PdO[sub 7]. Using these data, an Ellingham diagram has been constructed assuming temperature-independent [Delta]H[sub f][degree] and [Delta]S[sub f][degree]. The magnetic susceptibilities of Ln[sub 4]PdO[sub 7] with Ln = La, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, recorded in the temperature range 10--320 K, were found to be in agreement with the expected ones for noninteracting Ln[sup 3+] ions.

  10. High Schottky barrier at grain boundaries observed in Na{sub 1/2}Sm{sub 1/2}Cu{sub 3}Ti{sub 4}O{sub 12} ceramics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Somphan, Weeraya; Thongbai, Prasit; Yamwong, Teerapon; Maensiri, Santi

    2013-10-15

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • NSCTO exhibits a high ?? of 7.0–8.4 × 10{sup 3} and low tan ? of 0.030–0.041. • NSCTO exhibits a high E{sub b} of ?2208 V cm{sup ?1} and large ? of 15.6. • Giant ?? response is attributed to the electrically heterogeneous microstructure. • High ?{sub b} values at grain boundaries are found to be 0.925–0.964 eV. • Formation of a potential barrier at grain boundaries is caused by Schottky effect. - Abstract: The dielectric properties and nonlinear current–voltage characteristics of Na{sub 1/2}Sm{sub 1/2}Cu{sub 3}Ti{sub 4}O{sub 12} ceramics prepared by a conventional solid state reaction method were investigated. Na{sub 1/2}Sm{sub 1/2}Cu{sub 3}Ti{sub 4}O{sub 12} ceramics exhibited a high dielectric permittivity of 7.0–8.4 × 10{sup 3} and low loss tangent (tan ??0.030–0.041). Non-Ohmic properties with a high breakdown voltage of ?2208 V cm{sup ?1} and large nonlinear coefficient of 15.6 were observed in Na{sub 1/2}Sm{sub 1/2}Cu{sub 3}Ti{sub 4}O{sub 12} ceramics. Using complex impedance analysis, Na{sub 1/2}Sm{sub 1/2}Cu{sub 3}Ti{sub 4}O{sub 12} ceramics were shown to be electrically heterogeneous consisting of semiconducting grains and insulating grain boundaries. Giant dielectric properties were described based on the electrically heterogeneous microstructure. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis suggested that the semiconductive nature of grains may be related to the presence of Cu{sup +} and Ti{sup 3+}. The formation of an electrostatic potential barrier at the grain boundaries of Na{sub 1/2}Sm{sub 1/2}Cu{sub 3}Ti{sub 4}O{sub 12} ceramics was suggested to be caused by the Schottky effect. Interestingly, high electrostatic potential barriers at grain boundaries in Na{sub 1/2}Sm{sub 1/2}Cu{sub 3}Ti{sub 4}O{sub 12} ceramics were calculated and found to be 0.925–0.964 eV.

  11. Syntheses, Structure, Magnetism, and Optical Properties of the Ordered Interlanthanide Copper Chalcogenides Ln{sub 2}YbCuQ{sub 5} (Ln = La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm; Q = S, Se): Evidence for Unusual Magnetic Ordering in Sm{sub 2}YbCuS{sub 5}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jin, Geng Bang; Choi, Eun Sang; Guertin, Robert P.; Booth, Corwin H.; Albrecht-Schmitt, Thomas E.

    2010-11-19

    Ln{sub 2}YbCuQ{sub 5} (Ln = La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm; Q = S, Se) have been prepared by direct reaction of the elements in Sb{sub 2}Q{sub 3} (Q = S, Se) fluxes at 900 °C. All compounds have been characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction methods and they are isotypic. The structure of Ln{sub 2}YbCuQ{sub 5} consists of one-dimensional {sup 1}{sub {infinity}} [YbCuQ{sub 5}]{sup 6-} ribbons extending along the b axis that are connected by larger Ln{sup 3+} ions. Each ribbon is constructed from two single chains of [YbQ{sub 6}] octahedra with one double chain of [CuQ{sub 5}] trigonal bipyramids in the middle. All three chains connect with each other via edge-sharing. There are two crystallographically unique Ln atoms, one octahedral Yb site, and two disordered Cu positions inside of distorted Q{sub 5} trigonal bipyramids. Both Ln atoms are surrounded by eight Q atoms in bicapped trigonal prisms. The magnetic properties of Ln{sub 2}YbCuQ{sub 5} have been characterized using magnetic susceptibility and heat capacity measurements, while their optical properties have been explored using UV-vis-NIR diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. Cesub 2}YbCuSe{sub 5}, La{sub 2}YbCuS{sub 5}, Ce{sub 2}YbCuS{sub 5}, and Pr{sub 2}YbCuS{sub 5} are Curie-Weiss paramagnets. La{sub 2}YbCuSe{sub 5} and Nd{sub 2}YbCuS{sub 5} show evidence for short-range antiferromagnetic ordering at low temperatures. Sm{sub 2}YbCuS{sub 5} shows magnetic ordering at 5.9 K, followed by negative magnetization at low external fields. The band gaps of La{sub 2}YbCuSe{sub 5}, Ce{sub 2}YbCuSe{sub 5}, La{sub 2}YbCuS{sub 5}, Ce{sub 2}YbCuS{sub 5}, Pr{sub 2}YbCuS{sub 5}, Nd{sub 2}YbCuS{sub 5},and Sm{sub 2}YbCuS{sub 5} are 1.15 eV, 1.05 eV, 1.45 eV, 1.37 eV, 1.25 eV, 1.35 eV, and 1.28 eV respectively.

  12. The occurrence and wave properties of H?-, He?-, and O?-band EMIC waves observed by the Van Allen Probes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saikin, A. A.; Zhang, J. -C.; Allen, R. C.; Smith, C. W.; Kistler, L. M.; Spence, H. E.; Torbert, R. B.; Kletzing, C. A.; Jordanova, Vania K.

    2015-09-26

    We perform a statistical study of electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) waves detected by the Van Allen Probes mission to investigate the spatial distribution of their occurrence, wave power, ellipticity, and normal angle. The Van Allen Probes have been used which allow us to explore the inner magnetosphere (1.1 to 5.8 RE). Magnetic field measurements from the Electric and Magnetic Field Instrument Suite and Integrated Science on board the Van Allen Probes are used to identify EMIC wave events for the first 22 months of the mission operation (8 September 2012 to 30 June 2014). EMIC waves are examined in H?-, He?-, and O?-bands. Over 700 EMIC wave events have been identified over the three different wave bands (265 H?-band events, 438 He?-band events, and 68 O?-band events). EMIC wave events are observed between L = 2 – 8, with over 140 EMIC wave events observed below L = 4. The results show that H?-band EMIC waves have two peak magnetic local time (MLT) occurrence regions: pre-noon (09:00 < MLT ? 12:00) and afternoon (15:00 < MLT ? 17:00) sectors. He?-band EMIC waves feature an overall stronger dayside occurrence. O?-band EMIC waves have one peak region located in the morning sector at lower L shells (L < 4). He?-band EMIC waves average the highest wave power overall (>0.1 nT²/Hz), especially in the afternoon sector. Ellipticity observations reveal that linearly polarized EMIC waves dominate in lower L shells.

  13. A review of "The Burgher and the Whore: Prostitution in Early Modern Amsterdam" by Lotte van de Pol 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cruz, Laura

    2012-01-01

    to spend time in the Spinhuis, a redemptive work house for women, that, somewhat ironically, also served as a popular tourist attraction. Criminal records in the early modern period are notoriously di? cult sources with which to work, and the portrayal... appear rarely in the records and the focus of the study is on more public types of prostitutes, such as streetwalkers or those associated with brothels and music houses, who were more likely to appear in criminal records. Van de Pol ? lls the gaps...

  14. Wave Equations for Invariant Infeld-van der Waerden Wave Functions for Photons and Their Physical Significance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. G. Cardoso

    2010-06-09

    The inner structure of the {\\gamma}{\\epsilon}-formalisms of Infeld and van der Waerden admits the occurrence of spin-tensor electromagnetic fields which bear invariance under the action of the generalized Weyl gauge group. A concise derivation of the wave equations for such fields is carried out explicitly along with the construction of a set of torsionless covariant-derivative expressions. It is emphatically pointed out that the integration of the wave equations arising herein may under certain circumstances produce significant insights into the situation concerning the description of some physical properties of the cosmic microwave background.

  15. Nanocrystalline Sm{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}CoO{sub 3??} synthesized using a chelating route for use in IT-SOFC cathodes: Microstructure, surface chemistry and electrical conductivity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scurtu, Rares; Somacescu, Simona; Calderon-Moreno, Jose Maria; Culita, Daniela; Bulimestru, Ion; Popa, Nelea; Gulea, Aurelian; Osiceanu, Petre

    2014-02-15

    Nanocrystalline Sm{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}CoO{sub 3??} powders were synthesized by a chelating route using different polyfunctional H{sub x}APC acids (APC=aminopolycarboxylate; x=3, 4, 5). Different homologous aminopolycarboxylic acids, namely nitrilotriacetic (H{sub 3}nta), ethylenediaminetetraacetic (H{sub 4}edta), 1,2-cyclohexanediaminetetracetic (H{sub 4}cdta) and diethylenetriaminepentaacetic (H{sub 5}dtpa) acid, were used as chelating agents to combine Sm, Sr, Co elements into a perovskite structure. The effects of the chelating agents on the crystalline structure, porosity, surface chemistry and electrical properties were investigated. The electrical properties of the perovskite-type materials emphasized that their conductivities in the temperature range of interest (600–800 °C) depend on the nature of the precursors as well as on the presence of a residual Co oxide phase as shown by XRD and XPS analysis. The surface chemistry and the surface stoichiometries were determined by XPS revealing a complex chemical behavior of Sr that exhibits a peculiar “surface phase” and “bulk phase” chemistry within the detected volume (<10 nm). - Graphical abstract: Synthesis of nanocrystalline Sm{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}CoO{sub 3??} powders by a chelating route and the investigation of the microstructure, surface chemistry and electrical properties. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Nanocrystalline Sm{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}CoO{sub 3??} obtained by a chelating synthesis route. • Cubic perovskite structures with crystallite sizes ?23±2 nm. • The porous nature revealed by N{sub 2} adsorption/desorption (BET). • The surface chemistry and the surface stoichiometries highlighted by XPS. • A complex chemical behavior of Sr exhibits a peculiar “surface phase” and “bulk phase” chemistry.

  16. Synchrotron X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy of Ln{sub 3}NbO{sub 7} (Ln=La, Pr, Nd, Sm-Lu) ceramics obtained by molten-salt synthesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Siqueira, K.P.F.; Soares, J.C.; Granado, E.; Bittar, E.M.; Paula, A.M. de; Moreira, R.L.; Dias, A.

    2014-01-15

    Ln{sub 3}NbO{sub 7} (Ln=La, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, and Lu) ceramics were obtained by molten-salt synthesis and their structures were systematically investigated by synchrotron X-ray diffraction (SXRD), second harmonic generation (SHG) and Raman spectroscopy. It was observed that ceramics with the largest ionic radii (La, Pr, Nd) crystallized into the Pmcn space group, while the ceramics with intermediate ionic radii (Sm-Gd) exhibited a different crystal structure belonging to the Ccmm space group. For this last group of ceramics, this result was corroborated by SHG and Raman scattering and ruled out any possibility for the non-centrosymmetric C 222{sub 1} space group, solving a recent controversy in the literature. Finally, according to SXRD, Tb-Lu containing samples exhibited an average defect fluorite structure (Fm3{sup ¯}m space group). Nonetheless, broad scattering at forbidden Bragg reflections indicates the presence of short-range domains with lower symmetry. Vibrational spectroscopy showed the presence of six Raman-active modes, inconsistent with the average cubic fluorite structure, and in line with the existence of lower-symmetry nano-domains immersed in the average fluorite structure of these ceramics. - Graphical abstract: Raman spectrum for Sm{sub 3}NbO{sub 7} ceramics showing their 27 phonon modes adjusted through Lorentzian lines. According to synchrotron X-ray diffraction and Raman scattering, this material belongs to the space group Cmcm. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Ln{sub 3}NbO{sub 7} ceramics were obtained by molten-salt synthesis. • SXRD, SHG and Raman scattering confirmed orthorhombic and cubic structures. • Ccmm instead of C222{sub 1} is the correct structure for Sm–Gd ceramics. • Pmcn space group was confirmed for La-, Pr- and Nd-based ceramics. • For Tb–Lu ceramics, ordered domains of a pyrochlore structure were observed.

  17. 1 Apr 2005 20:51 AR AR246-MR35-17.tex XMLPublishSM(2004/02/24) P1: KUV AR REVIEWS IN ADVANCE10.1146/annurev.matsci.35.102103.090513

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    1 Apr 2005 20:51 AR AR246-MR35-17.tex XMLPublishSM(2004/02/24) P1: KUV AR REVIEWS IN ADVANCE10.1146/annurev.matsci.35.102103.090513 (Some corrections may occur before final publication online and in print) R E V I E W S IN A D V A N CE Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 2005. 35:539­69 doi: 10.1146/annurev.matsci.35

  18. A 2 MV Van de Graaff accelerator as a tool for planetary and impact physics research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mocker, Anna; Bugiel, Sebastian; Srama, Ralf [IRS, Universitaet Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 31, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany); MPI fuer Kernphysik, Saupfercheckweg 1, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Auer, Siegfried [A and M Associates, PO Box 421, Basye, Virginia 22810 (United States); Baust, Guenter; Matt, Guenter; Otto, Katharina [MPI fuer Kernphysik, Saupfercheckweg 1, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Colette, Andrew; Drake, Keith; Kempf, Sascha; Munsat, Tobin; Shu, Anthony; Sternovsky, Zoltan [LASP, University of Colorado, 1234 Innovation Drive, Boulder, Colorado 80303 (United States); Colorado Center for Lunar Dust and Atmospheric Studies, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80303 (United States); Fiege, Katherina; Postberg, Frank [Institut fuer Geowissenschaften, Universitaet Heidelberg, D-69120 Stuttgart (Germany); MPI fuer Kernphysik, Saupfercheckweg 1, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Gruen, Eberhard [MPI fuer Kernphysik, Saupfercheckweg 1, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); LASP, University of Colorado, 1234 Innovation Drive, Boulder, Colorado 80303 (United States); Heckmann, Frieder [Steinbeis-Innovationszentrum Raumfahrt, Gaeufelden (Germany); Helfert, Stefan [Helfert Informatik, Mannheim (Germany); Hillier, Jonathan [Institut fuer Geowissenschaften, Universitaet Heidelberg, D-69120 Stuttgart (Germany); Mellert, Tobias [IRS, Universitaet Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 31, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany); and others

    2011-09-15

    Investigating the dynamical and physical properties of cosmic dust can reveal a great deal of information about both the dust and its many sources. Over recent years, several spacecraft (e.g., Cassini, Stardust, Galileo, and Ulysses) have successfully characterised interstellar, interplanetary, and circumplanetary dust using a variety of techniques, including in situ analyses and sample return. Charge, mass, and velocity measurements of the dust are performed either directly (induced charge signals) or indirectly (mass and velocity from impact ionisation signals or crater morphology) and constrain the dynamical parameters of the dust grains. Dust compositional information may be obtained via either time-of-flight mass spectrometry of the impact plasma or direct sample return. The accurate and reliable interpretation of collected spacecraft data requires a comprehensive programme of terrestrial instrument calibration. This process involves accelerating suitable solar system analogue dust particles to hypervelocity speeds in the laboratory, an activity performed at the Max Planck Institut fuer Kernphysik in Heidelberg, Germany. Here, a 2 MV Van de Graaff accelerator electrostatically accelerates charged micron and submicron-sized dust particles to speeds up to 80 km s{sup -1}. Recent advances in dust production and processing have allowed solar system analogue dust particles (silicates and other minerals) to be coated with a thin conductive shell, enabling them to be charged and accelerated. Refinements and upgrades to the beam line instrumentation and electronics now allow for the reliable selection of particles at velocities of 1-80 km s{sup -1} and with diameters of between 0.05 {mu}m and 5 {mu}m. This ability to select particles for subsequent impact studies based on their charges, masses, or velocities is provided by a particle selection unit (PSU). The PSU contains a field programmable gate array, capable of monitoring in real time the particles' speeds and charges, and is controlled remotely by a custom, platform independent, software package. The new control instrumentation and electronics, together with the wide range of accelerable particle types, allow the controlled investigation of hypervelocity impact phenomena across a hitherto unobtainable range of impact parameters.

  19. Crystal field analysis of Pm$^{3+}$ (4$^{f4}) and Sm$^{3+}$ (4$^{f5}) and lattice location studies of $^{147}$Nd and $^{147}$Pm in w-AlN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vetter, Ulrich; Nijjar, Anmol S; Zandi, Bahram; Öhl, Gregor; Wahl, Ulrich; De Vries, Bart; Hofsäss, Hans; Dietrich, Marc

    2006-01-01

    We report a detailed crystal field analysis of Pm3+ and Sm3+ as well as lattice location studies of 147Pm and 147Nd in 2H-aluminum nitride (w-AlN). The isotopes of mass 147 were produced by nuclear fission and implanted at an energy of 60 keV. The decay chain of interest in this work is 147Nd?147Pm?147Sm (stable). Lattice location studies applying the emission channeling technique were carried out using the ?? particles and conversion electrons emitted in the radioactive decay of 147Nd?147Pm. The samples were investigated as implanted, and also they were investigated after annealing to temperatures of 873 K as well as 1373 K. The main fraction of about 60% of both 147Pm as well as 147Nd atoms was located on substitutional Al sites in the AlN lattice; the remainder of the ions were located randomly within the AlN lattice. Following radioactive decay of 147Nd, the cathodoluminescence spectra of Pm3+ and Sm3+ were obtained between 500 nm and 1050 nm at sample temperatures between 12 K and 300 K. High-re...

  20. Preparation and thermophysical properties of (Sm{sub 1?x}Er{sub x}){sub 2}Ce{sub 2}O{sub 7} oxides for thermal barrier coatings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xiaoge, Chen; Shusen, Yang; Hongsong, Zhang; Gang, Li; Zhenjun, Li.; Bo, Ren; Xudan, Dang; Haoming, Zhang; An, Tang

    2014-03-01

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • These ceramic materials with fluorite structure were synthesized. • Defect points lead to their lower thermal conductivities. • The lower ionic radius of Er{sup 3+} ion leads to the reduction of thermal expansion coefficient of (Sm{sub 1?x}Er{sub x}){sub 2}Ce{sub 2}O{sub 7} oxides. - Abstract: (Sm{sub 1?x}Er{sub x}){sub 2}Ce{sub 2}O{sub 7} ceramics were synthesized by sol–gel method and sintered at 1600 °C for 10 h in air. The influence of Er{sub 2}O{sub 3}-substitution on the phase structure and thermophysical properties of Sm{sub 2}Ce{sub 2}O{sub 7} was investigated. The phase structures of these ceramics were identified by X-ray diffraction showing that all synthesized ceramics have fluorite-type structure. The measurements for thermophysical properties of these ceramics show that their thermal conductivities and thermal expansion coefficients remarkably decreased through Er-substitution. However, the thermal expansion coefficients were higher than that of YSZ and their thermal conductivities were much lower than that of 8YSZ. The excellent thermophysical property implies that these solid solutions are potential materials for the ceramics layer in thermal barrier coatings.

  1. L.J. van Vliet and P.W. Verbeek, Curvature and bending energy in digitized 2D and 3D images, in: SCIA'93, Proc. Scandinavian Conference on Image Analysis, Tromso, Norway, 1993, 1403-1410.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Lucas J.

    L.J. van Vliet and P.W. Verbeek, Curvature and bending energy in digitized 2D and 3D images, in-1410. Curvature and Bending Energy in Digitized 2D and 3D Images Lucas J. van Vliet and Piet W. Verbeek Pattern. In this paper we estimate object curvature directly from a properly sampled gray- scale image using 2D isotropic

  2. L.J. van Vliet and P.W. Verbeek, Curvature and bending energy in digitized 2D and 3D images, in: SCIA'93, Proc. 8 th Scandinavian Conference on Image Analysis, Tromso, Norway, 1993, 14031410.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Lucas J.

    L.J. van Vliet and P.W. Verbeek, Curvature and bending energy in digitized 2D and 3D images, in­1410. Curvature and Bending Energy in Digitized 2D and 3D Images Lucas J. van Vliet and Piet W. Verbeek Pattern. In this paper we estimate object curvature directly from a properly sampled gray­ scale image using 2D isotropic

  3. TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENTS COLLECTED FROM AN INSTRUMENTED VAN IN SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH AS PART OF URBAN 2000

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M.J. BROWN; E.R. PARDYJAK

    2001-08-01

    Measurements of temperature and position were collected during the night from an instrumented van on routes through Salt Lake City and the rural outskirts. The measurements were taken as part of the Department of Energy Chemical and Biological National Security Program URBAN 2 Field Experiment conducted in October 2000 (Shinn et al., 2000 and Allwine et al., 2001a). The instrumented van was driven over three primary routes, two including downtown, residential, and ''rural'' areas and a third that went by a line of permanently fixed temperature probes (Allwine et al., 2001b) for cross-checking purposes. Each route took from 45 to 60 minutes to complete. Based on four nights of data, initial analyses indicate that there was a temperature difference of 2-5 C between the urban core and nearby ''rural'' areas. Analyses also suggest that there were significant fine scale temperature differences over distances of tens of meters within the city and in the nearby rural areas. The temperature measurements that were collected are intended to supplement the meteorological measurements taken during the URBAN2000 Field Experiment, to assess the importance of the urban heat island phenomenon in Salt Lake City, and to test the urban canopy parameterizations that have been developed for regional scale meteorological codes as part of the DOE CBNP program.

  4. Enhanced exchange bias effect in size modulated Sm{sub 0.5}Ca{sub 0.5}MnO{sub 3} phase separated manganite

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Giri, S. K.; Nath, T. K.; Yusuf, S. M.; Mukadam, M. D.

    2014-03-07

    The effect of grain size modulation on exchange bias effect in CE-type antiferromagnetic Sm{sub 0.5}Ca{sub 0.5}MnO{sub 3} phase separated manganite is reported here. With the reduction of particle size, ferromagnetic clusters are found to form in the charge ordered antiferromagnetic matrix and gradually become larger. The horizontal and vertical shifts of the magnetic hysteresis loops in the field cooled magnetization process clearly indicate the size dependent exchange bias effect and it can be tuned with the reduction of particle sizes. The values of exchange bias parameter, i.e., exchange bias field (H{sub E}), coercivity (H{sub C}), remanence asymmetry (M{sub E}), and magnetic coercivity (M{sub C}) are found to depend strongly on the particle size. The variations of H{sub E} follow non-monotonic dependencies with reduction in particle size and show maximum (1205?Oe) at particle size of 150?nm at T?=?5?K, which can be ascribed due to the changes in uncompensated surface spins. The values of H{sub E} and M{sub E} are found to decrease exponentially with increasing temperature below the spin- or cluster-glass like freezing temperature. The spin relaxation model has been employed for analysis of large magnetic training effect. The linear relationship between H{sub E} and M{sub E} further confirms the role of uncompensated surface spins. In view of spintronics application of manganites, the present observation of large exchange bias shift in this half-doped manganite may have great technological importance.

  5. Reassessing the discovery potential of the $B \\to K^{*} \\ell^+\\ell^-$ decays in the large-recoil region: SM challenges and BSM opportunities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sebastian Jäger; Jorge Martin Camalich

    2014-12-10

    We critically examine the potential to disentangle Standard Model (SM) and New Physics (NP) in $B \\to K^* \\mu^+\\mu^-$ and $B\\to K^* e^+ e^-$ decays, focusing on $(i)$ the LHCb anomaly, $(ii)$ the search for right-handed currents, and $(iii)$ lepton-universality violation. Restricting ourselves to the large-recoil region, we advocate a parameterisation of the hadronic matrix elements that separates model-independent information about nonperturbative QCD from the results of model calculations. We clarify how to estimate corrections to the heavy-quark limit that would generate a right-handed (virtual) photon in the $b\\to s\\gamma$ contribution to the decay. We then apply this approach to the discussion of various sets of observables of increasing theoretical cleanness. First, we show that angular observables in the optimized $P_i^{(\\prime)}$ basis are, in general, not robust against the long-distance QCD effects. While a fit to data shows a preference towards new-physics contributions in semileptonic operators, the effect of a particular class of hadronic uncertainties precludes an unambiguous conclusion. Second, two of these observables, $P_1$ and $P_3^{CP}$ are particularly clean at very low $q^2$ and sensitive probes of right-handed quark currents. We discuss their potential to set stringent bounds on the Wilson coefficient $C_7^\\prime$, especially using data of the electronic mode, and we update the bounds with current angular data in the muonic channel. Finally, in light of the recent hint of lepton-universality violation in $B^+\\to K^+\\ell\\ell$, we introduce and investigate new lepton-universality observables involving angular observables of the muonic and electronic modes and their zero crossings, and show that these can clearly distinguish between different NP explanations in terms of underlying semileptonic operators.

  6. Combined effect of chemical pressure and valence electron concentration through the electron-deficient Li substitution on the RE{sub 4}LiGe{sub 4} (RE=La, Ce, Pr, and Sm) system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nam, Gnu; Jeon, Jieun; Kim, Youngjo; Kwon Kang, Sung; Ahn, Kyunghan; You, Tae-Soo

    2013-09-15

    Four members of the RE{sub 4}LiGe{sub 4} (RE=La, Ce, Pr, and Sm) system have been prepared by high-temperature reaction method and characterized by X-ray diffractions. All compounds crystallize in the orthorhombic Gd{sub 5}Si{sub 4}-type structure (space group Pnma, Pearson code oP16) with bonding interactions for interslab Ge{sub 2} dimers. The Li substitution for rare-earth elements in the RE{sub 4}LiGe{sub 4} system leads to a combined effect of the increased chemical pressure and the decreased valance electron concentration (VEC), which eventually results in the structure transformation from the Sm{sub 5}Ge{sub 4}-type with all broken interslab Ge–Ge bond for the parental RE{sub 5}Ge{sub 4} to the Gd{sub 5}Si{sub 4}-type structure for the ternary RE{sub 4}LiGe{sub 4} (RE=La, Ce, Pr, and Sm) system. Site-preference between rare-earth metals and Li is proven to generate energetically the most favorable atomic arrangements according to coloring-problem, and the rationale is provided using both the size-factor and the electronic-factor related, respectively, to site-volume and electronegativity as well as QVAL values. Tight-binding, linear-muffin-tin-orbital (TB-LMTO) calculations are performed to investigate electronic densities of states (DOS) and crystal orbital Hamilton population (COHP) curves. The influence of reduced VEC for chemical bonding including the formation of interslab Ge{sub 2} dimers is also discussed. The magnetic property measurements prove that the non-magnetic Li substitution leads to the ferromagnetic (FM)-like ground state for Ce{sub 4}LiGe{sub 4} and the co-existence of antiferromagntic (AFM) and FM ground states for Sm{sub 4}LiGe{sub 4}. - Graphical abstract: Reported is a combined effect of the chemical pressure and the reduced VEC caused by the smaller monovalent non-magnetic Li substitution for the larger trivalent magnetic rare-earth metals in the RE{sub 4}LiGe{sub 4} (RE=La, Ce, Pr, and Sm) system. This results in the structure transformation from the Sm{sub 5}Ge{sub 4}-type to the Gd{sub 5}Si{sub 4}-type structure and the changes in magnetic properties. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Four Li-containing intermetallic compounds RE{sub 4}LiGe{sub 4} (RE=La, Ce, Pr and Sm) were synthesized. • The combined effect of the chemical pressure and the reduced VEC caused by Li substitution for a rare-earth metal results in the structure transformation. • Electronic structures and magnetic properties of title compounds were thoroughly investigated.

  7. March SS: A Test for All Static Simple RAM Faults Said Hamdioui1 2 Ad J. van de Goor2 Mike Rodgers1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    acceptable lim- its, is therefore essential. The quality of the used tests, in terms of their fault coverage to define static, simple FFMs. Section 4 introduces a new test, March SS, and compares it with the wellMarch SS: A Test for All Static Simple RAM Faults Said Hamdioui1 2 Ad J. van de Goor2 Mike Rodgers1

  8. tijdschrift van de ku leuven 19 december 2012 | nr 4 | 24ste ja argang | w w w.kuleuven.be/ck / verschijnt maandelijks,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Jesse

    worden." ine van houdenhove "Sommige jaren haalt in bepaal- de regio's in Liberia geen enkel meisje een a whole community. En Liberia heeft vrouwelijke leiders nodig. We must walk alongside men." De Liberiaanse voor een fonds om jonge vrouwen uit de door conflict ge- teisterde West-Afrikaanse regio ­ Liberia

  9. OIL & UPML: A Unifying Framework for the Knowledge Web D. Fensel1, M. Crubezy2, F. van Harmelen1,3, and I. Horrocks4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Harmelen, Frank

    OIL & UPML: A Unifying Framework for the Knowledge Web D. Fensel1, M. Crubezy2, F. van Harmelen1. First, we discuss the Ontology Inference Layer (OIL) that is being proposed as a description language of these approaches. We achieve this comparison by discussing several ways of combining OIL and UPML. We assess

  10. Low-temperature specific heat of rare-earth-doped silicate glasses D. A. van de Straat, J. Baak, and H. B. Brom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Thomas

    Low-temperature specific heat of rare-earth-doped silicate glasses D. A. van de Straat, J. Baak, The Netherlands Received 31 July 1995 The specific heat Cv of Pr3 - and Eu3 -doped silicate glasses has been for the two-level-system TLS contribution to the specific heat, Cv TLS . The values of Cv TLS and noticeably

  11. A review of "Van Dyck: A Complete Catalogue of the Paintings." by Susan J. Barnes, Nora De Poorter, Oliver Millar, Horst Vey, eds. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maureen E. Mulvihill

    2006-01-01

    This study develops an approach to developing surface shading for computer-generated 3D head models that adapts aesthetics from the post-impressionist portrait painting style of Vincent Van Gogh. This research is an attempt to reconcile a 2D...

  12. ANISOTROPIC THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY IN A DIRTY TYPE II SUPERCONDUCTOR J.P.M. Van der Veeken, P.H. Kes and D. de Klerk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ANISOTROPIC THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY IN A DIRTY TYPE II SUPERCONDUCTOR J.P.M. Van der Veeken, P.H. Kes, The results are compared with calculations by Watts - Tobin and Imai. For dirty type II superconductors) of the total conductivities. ii) The theoretical calculations are valid only for BCS - superconductors

  13. Analyzing Displacement Term's Memory Effect in a van der Pol Type Boundary Condition to Prove Chaotic Vibration of the Wave Equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsu, Sze-Bi

    Chaotic Vibration of the Wave Equation Goong Chen Department of Mathematics, Texas A&M University College it is now known that chaotic vibration occurs. However, if the right-end van der Pol boundary condition technical difficulty arises as to how to define and determine chaotic vibration of the system. In this paper

  14. Automatische stress tests voor software code werken uitstekend Hoe bepaal ik de kwaliteit van een stuk software? Net zoals bij banken, willen we software

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Hanbali, Ahmad

    Automatische stress tests voor software code werken uitstekend Hoe bepaal ik de kwaliteit van een stuk software? Net zoals bij banken, willen we software aan een stress test onderwerpen, en een rating Universiteit Twente en het software bedrijf Info Support uit Veenendaal laat zien dat dit volledig automatisch

  15. OIL & UPML: A Unifying Framework for the Knowledge Web D. Fensel1, M. Crubezy2, F. van Harmelen1, and M. I. Horrocks3,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murawski, Andrzej

    .42 1.43 1.44 OIL & UPML: A Unifying Framework for the Knowledge Web D. Fensel1, M. Crubezy2, F. van,frankh}@cs.vu.nl 2 Knowledge Modeling Group at Stanford Medical Informatics, Stanford University USA, crubezy. First, we discuss OIL that is proposed as description language for ontology interchange. That is

  16. Characterization of a geothermal system in the Upper Arkansas Valley, CO Thomas Blum*, Kasper van Wijk and Lee Liberty, Boise State University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Characterization of a geothermal system in the Upper Arkansas Valley, CO Thomas Blum*, Kasper van a geothermal system in the Mt. Princeton area. We conclude that a shallow orthogonal fault system in this area appears to be responsible for the local geothermal signature at and near the surface. The extent to which

  17. Department of Spanish and Portuguese University of Wisconsin--Madison 1018 Van Hise Hall -1220 Linden Drive Madison, WI 53706-1557

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    Department of Spanish and Portuguese University of Wisconsin--Madison 1018 Van Hise Hall - 1220 the Chair Rethinking the mission of the Department Like many departments of Spanish and Portuguese, cultural and linguistic dimensions Spanish has achieved in this country in the last thirty years

  18. OIL in a Nutshell D. Fensel1, I. Horrocks2, F. Van Harmelen1,3, S. Decker4, M. Erdmann4, and M. Klein1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murawski, Andrzej

    OIL in a Nutshell D. Fensel1, I. Horrocks2, F. Van Harmelen1,3, S. Decker4, M. Erdmann4, and M is precisely concerned with this necessity. We will present OIL, which is a proposal for such a standard for expressing ontologies. The paper sketches the main ideas of OIL. 1. Introduction Currently, we

  19. Effective Approaches for Partial Satisfaction (Over-Subscription) Planning Menkes van den Briel, Romeo Sanchez, Minh B. Do, and Subbarao Kambhampati

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kambhampati, Subbarao

    on modeling and han- dling plan quality (in terms of action costs and goal utilities). Despite the ubiquityEffective Approaches for Partial Satisfaction (Over-Subscription) Planning Menkes van den Briel real world planning scenarios, agents often do not have enough resources to achieve all of their goals

  20. A Process-Theoretic Approach to Supervisory Control Theory J.C.M. Baeten, D.A. van Beek, B. Luttik, J. Markovski, and J.E. Rooda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luttik, Bas

    A Process-Theoretic Approach to Supervisory Control Theory J.C.M. Baeten, D.A. van Beek, B. Luttik in supervisory control theory from process-theoretic perspective. To this end, we investigate partial software design gave rise to supervisory control theory of discrete-event systems [1], [2], where high

  1. Journal papers 1. F. Wols, J.L. Kloosterman, D. Lathouwers and T.H.J.J. van der Hagen, Core design and fuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Lucas J.

    in Accelerator-Driven Systems, Annals of Nuclear Energy (to be published). 6. Zoltan Perko, Danny Lathouwers, Jan, J.L. Kloosterman, D. Lathouwers and T.H.J.J. van der Hagen, Reactivity control system for a 100 MWth loop for experimental studies on system stability, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 54

  2. Calibration of the optical torque wrench Francesco Pedaci,1,2 Zhuangxiong Huang,1,2 Maarten van Oene,1 and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dekker, Nynke

    Calibration of the optical torque wrench Francesco Pedaci,1,2 Zhuangxiong Huang,1,2 Maarten van-first authors *n.h.dekker@tudelft.nl Abstract: The optical torque wrench is a laser trapping technique that expands the capability of standard optical tweezers to torque manipulation and measurement, using

  3. Modelling the Glass Press-Blow Process S.M.A. Allaart-Bruin, B.J. van der Linden, and R.M.M. Mattheij

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

    Modelling the Glass Press-Blow Process S.M.A. Allaart-Bruin, B.J. van der Linden, and R in the manufacturing of container glass is the blowing stage. At this stage a preform of hot glass is transferred. #12;Modelling the Glass Press-Blow Process 3 3 Re-initialisation of the level set function Two level

  4. FreezeFrac Improves the Productivity of Gas Shales S. Enayatpour, E. Van Oort, T. Patzek, University of Texas At Austin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patzek, Tadeusz W.

    SPE 166482 FreezeFrac Improves the Productivity of Gas Shales S. Enayatpour, E. Van Oort, T. Patzek to unconventional hydrocarbon reservers such as oil shales, gas shales, tight gas sands, coalbed methane, and gas; Keaney et al., 2004). Successful production of oil and gas from shales with nano-Darcy range permeability

  5. Eurographics Workshop on 3D Object Retrieval (2015), pp. 18 I. Pratikakis, M. Spagnuolo, T. Theoharis, L. Van Gool, and R. Veltkamp (Editors)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Ralph R.

    2015-01-01

    Retrieval (2015) #12;2 D. Pickup, X. Sun, P. L. Rosin, R. R. Martin, Z. Cheng / SHREC'15 Track. Theoharis, L. Van Gool, and R. Veltkamp (Editors) SHREC'15 Track: Canonical Forms for Non-Rigid 3D Shape Retrieval David Pickup1 , Xianfang Sun1 , Paul L. Rosin1 , Ralph R. Martin1 , Zhiquan Cheng2 , Sipin Nie3

  6. Eurographics Workshop on 3D Object Retrieval (2015) I. Pratikakis, M. Spagnuolo, T. Theoharis, L. Van Gool, and R. Veltkamp (Editors)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Ralph R.

    2015-01-01

    .20151063 #12;D. Pickup, X. Sun, P. L. Rosin, R. R. Martin, Z. Cheng / SHREC'15 Track:Canonical Forms. Van Gool, and R. Veltkamp (Editors) SHREC'15 Track: Canonical Forms for Non-Rigid 3D Shape Retrieval David Pickup1 , Xianfang Sun1 , Paul L. Rosin1 , Ralph R. Martin1 , Zhiquan Cheng2 , Sipin Nie3

  7. FALLING OF A VISCOUS JET ONTO A MOVING SURFACE A. HLOD, A.C.T. AARTS, A.A.F. VAN DE VEN, AND M.A. PELETIER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

    FALLING OF A VISCOUS JET ONTO A MOVING SURFACE A. HLOD, A.C.T. AARTS, A.A.F. VAN DE VEN, AND M.A. PELETIER Abstract. We analyze the stationary flow of a jet of Newtonian fluid that is drawn by gravity onto observations. Key words. Viscous jet, moving surface, free boundary. AMS subject classifications. 76D25, 76D03

  8. The kinematics of the Zagros Mountains (Iran) D. HATZFELD1*, C. AUTHEMAYOU24, P. VAN DER BEEK5, O. BELLIER2,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    The kinematics of the Zagros Mountains (Iran) D. HATZFELD1*, C. AUTHEMAYOU2­4, P. VAN DER BEEK5, O Survey of Iran, PO Box 13185-1494, Tehran, Iran 8 International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, PO Box 19395/3913, Tehran, Iran 9 National Cartographic Center, PO Box 13185/1684, Tehran, Iran

  9. Single photon ionization of van der Waals clusters with a soft x-ray laser: ,,CO2...n and ,,CO2...n,,H2O...m

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rocca, Jorge J.

    Single photon ionization of van der Waals clusters with a soft x-ray laser: ,,CO2...n and ,,CO2...n 2006; published online 20 October 2006 Pure neutral CO2 n clusters and mixed CO2 n H2O m clustersV. The distribution of pure CO2 n clusters decreases roughly exponentially with increasing cluster size. During

  10. ReaxFF: A Reactive Force Field for Hydrocarbons Adri C. T. van Duin,,| Siddharth Dasgupta, Francois Lorant, and William A. Goddard III*,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhigilei, Leonid V.

    ReaxFF: A Reactive Force Field for Hydrocarbons Adri C. T. van Duin,,| Siddharth Dasgupta, Francois constant as Rij f 0. We report here the ReaxFF for hydrocarbons. The parameters were derived from quantum and geometry data for a number of stable hydrocarbon compounds. We find that the ReaxFF provides a good

  11. Van der Waals density functional study of the structural and electronic properties of La-doped phenanthrene

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yan, Xun-Wang [Beijing Computational Science Research Center, Beijing 100084 (China) [Beijing Computational Science Research Center, Beijing 100084 (China); Faculty of Physics and Electronic Technology, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062 (China); State Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100190, China and School of Physics and Electrical Engineering, Anyang Normal University, Henan 455000 (China); Huang, Zhongbing, E-mail: huangzb@hubu.edu.cn [Beijing Computational Science Research Center, Beijing 100084 (China) [Beijing Computational Science Research Center, Beijing 100084 (China); Faculty of Physics and Electronic Technology, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062 (China); Lin, Hai-Qing [Beijing Computational Science Research Center, Beijing 100084 (China)] [Beijing Computational Science Research Center, Beijing 100084 (China)

    2013-11-28

    By the first principle calculations based on the van der Waals density functional theory, we study the crystal structures and electronic properties of La-doped phenanthrene. Two stable atomic geometries of La{sub 1}phenanthrene are obtained by relaxation of atomic positions from various initial structures. The structure-I is a metal with two energy bands crossing the Fermi level, while the structure-II displays a semiconducting state with an energy gap of 0.15 eV, which has an energy gain of 0.42 eV per unit cell compared to the structure-I. The most striking feature of La{sub 1}phenanthrene is that La 5d electrons make a significant contribution to the total density of state around the Fermi level, which is distinct from potassium doped phenanthrene and picene. Our findings provide an important foundation for the understanding of superconductivity in La-doped phenanthrene.

  12. A van der Waals density functional study of adenine on graphene: Single molecular adsorption and overlayer binding

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berland, Kristian [Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden; Cooper, Valentino R [ORNL; Langreth, David C. [Rutgers University; Schroder, Prof. Elsebeth [Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden; Chakarova-Kack, Svetla [Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden

    2011-01-01

    The adsorption of an adenine molecule on graphene is studied using a first-principles van der Waals functional (vdW-DF) [Dion et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 246401 (2004)]. The cohesive energy of an ordered adenine overlayer is also estimated. For the adsorption of a single molecule, we determine the optimal binding configuration and adsorption energy by translating and rotating the molecule. The adsorption energy for a single molecule of adenine is found to be 711 meV, which is close to the calculated adsorption energy of the similar-sized naphthalene. Based on the single molecular binding configuration, we estimate the cohesive energy of a two-dimensional ordered overlayer. We find a significantly stronger binding energy for the ordered overlayer than for single-molecule adsorption.

  13. A Systematic Study of Chloride Ion Solvation in Water using van der Waals Inclusive Hybrid Density Functional Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bankura, Arindam; DiStasio, Robert A; Swartz, Charles W; Klein, Michael L; Wu, Xifan

    2015-01-01

    In this work, the solvation and electronic structure of the aqueous chloride ion solution was investigated using Density Functional Theory (DFT) based \\textit{ab initio} molecular dynamics (AIMD). From an analysis of radial distribution functions, coordination numbers, and solvation structures, we found that exact exchange ($E_{\\rm xx}$) and non-local van der Waals (vdW) interactions effectively \\textit{weaken} the interactions between the Cl$^-$ ion and the first solvation shell. With a Cl-O coordination number in excellent agreement with experiment, we found that most configurations generated with vdW-inclusive hybrid DFT exhibit 6-fold coordinated distorted trigonal prism structures, which is indicative of a significantly disordered first solvation shell. By performing a series of band structure calculations on configurations generated from AIMD simulations with varying DFT potentials, we found that the solvated ion orbital energy levels (unlike the band structure of liquid water) strongly depend on the un...

  14. TREKiSM Issue 39 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1984-01-01

    in particular. I can say this because I was a science fiction fan long before Star Trek ever came on the tube --and I mean hard-core, cutting 103 m~ teeth on the likes of Clarke, Heinlein, Anderson, etc. Being pre-armed with this awareness, I wasn...

  15. TREKiSM Issue 21 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1981-01-01

    .. .:who does those things superlatively well. What we are out to do is tell a good story .... ! like a good yarn 0 That is ~ credo, and that is the credo 0 f this new 'S tar Trek· ... On music for the mov~~1 "My feeling about the music is that when...

  16. TREKiSM Issue 40 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1985-01-01

    ------------------------ ­ ;;' - ';&~-- _3 Ple8se f111 1n belo~: ~--';~ '.~ . i/., ." enclosed Is: ~$ _____________ For new subscr1ptlons or renew81s NAMEI ADDRESSr Hembers of Hens8: $ 5 per year everyone elser $6 per yei!r For Rift subscrlptionsr "6 per year Contribution...

  17. TREKiSM Issue 34 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1984-01-01

    'Parven lost her bondmate. and Domilyn lost rther innocence," but screwed Khan royally. But Domilyn is more that just another one of Khan's victims. She is the Edith Keeler of 1996. Only this time the "focus" must live, not die -- and if Khan can't have...

  18. TREKiSM Issue 26 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1982-01-01

    Coy set the sheaf of papers down on the table next to a small box. "Once upon a time, many years ago, psychologists used to have a certain way of determining an individual's intelligence. They gave tests in which the individual had to solve various... types of problems-" UThey were known, in general, as 'IQ tests'." Spack was sitting unusually straight, probably because he wasn't leaning toward Kirk as usual. uIn the late 20th century there was a good deal of controversy surrounding their use...

  19. Lignin Valorization-final-sm

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Routes To Lignin Depolymerization Chemical routes use the versatility of ionic liquid solvents to extract lignin from biomass and depolymerize the macromolecules at lower...

  20. TREKiSM Issue 45 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1985-01-01

    for notification of price and avai labi I ltv; if you've purchased a Tal before, you'l I 102 automatically receive a postcard announcement. TREKisM at Length VI I wi I I be a retrospective of stories by Karen Hunter, due sometime in 1986, probably the summer... Vol. 8, No.6 My thanks to al I of you who sent hoi iday greetings -- we were a bit distracted getting our latest zine ready for mal I lng, hence the lateness of this issue of TREKlsM. We can warn you ahead of time that issue 46/47 wi I I be a...

  1. TREKiSM Issue 36 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1984-01-01

    :-;::~~~['~:'::'I -;ST~~T::.O(~~~~ J. 0111'01 ...... ""'l[.IAL .ITHI. Ii CO'IU[D ., TMIS (01"'- {r ~ Ilr.HT . ... ICM 1. ICl 1U'f 1111[." 10 Co-fliCT "11" .h ~ 011 ll1UlltCo( LJl'OIe HtOS( ItnD.T '[Ill IOGDUt.EUY. ~ ~ "AIt~I 'ICT'-"O (OtIP, ..... , PIIPOOUCllQIIl. 01...

  2. Poster09sm.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeedingProgram Guidelines This document outlines the majorL. Shi, J. del

  3. Lignin Valorization-final-sm

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousand CubicResourcelogo and-E C H2015Tray and Enclosure |Discovering

  4. Compact two-electron wave function for bond dissociation and Van der Waals interactions: A natural amplitude assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Giesbertz, Klaas J. H.; Leeuwen, Robert van

    2014-05-14

    Electron correlations in molecules can be divided in short range dynamical correlations, long range Van der Waals type interactions, and near degeneracy static correlations. In this work, we analyze for a one-dimensional model of a two-electron system how these three types of correlations can be incorporated in a simple wave function of restricted functional form consisting of an orbital product multiplied by a single correlation function f?(r{sub 12}) depending on the interelectronic distance r{sub 12}. Since the three types of correlations mentioned lead to different signatures in terms of the natural orbital (NO) amplitudes in two-electron systems, we make an analysis of the wave function in terms of the NO amplitudes for a model system of a diatomic molecule. In our numerical implementation, we fully optimize the orbitals and the correlation function on a spatial grid without restrictions on their functional form. Due to this particular form of the wave function, we can prove that none of the amplitudes vanishes and moreover that it displays a distinct sign pattern and a series of avoided crossings as a function of the bond distance in agreement with the exact solution. This shows that the wave function ansatz correctly incorporates the long range Van der Waals interactions. We further show that the approximate wave function gives an excellent binding curve and is able to describe static correlations. We show that in order to do this the correlation function f?(r{sub 12}) needs to diverge for large r{sub 12} at large internuclear distances while for shorter bond distances it increases as a function of r{sub 12} to a maximum value after which it decays exponentially. We further give a physical interpretation of this behavior.

  5. Electronic structure of rare-earth chromium antimonides RECrSb{sub 3} (RE=La-Nd, Sm, Gd-Dy, Yb) by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crerar, Shane J. [Department of Chemistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2G2 (Canada)] [Department of Chemistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2G2 (Canada); Mar, Arthur, E-mail: arthur.mar@ualberta.ca [Department of Chemistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2G2 (Canada)] [Department of Chemistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2G2 (Canada); Grosvenor, Andrew P. [Department of Chemistry, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada S7N 5C9 (Canada)] [Department of Chemistry, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada S7N 5C9 (Canada)

    2012-12-15

    The electronic structure of the ternary rare-earth chromium antimonides RECrSb{sub 3} (RE=La-Nd, Sm, Gd-Dy, Yb) has been examined by high-resolution X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) for the first time. The RE 3d or 4d core-line spectra are substantially complicated by the presence of satellite peaks but their general resemblance to those of RE{sub 2}O{sub 3} tends to support the presence of trivalent RE atoms in RECrSb{sub 3}. However, the Yb 4d spectrum of YbCrSb{sub 3} also shows peaks that are characteristic of divalent ytterbium. The Cr 2p core-line spectra exhibit asymmetric lineshapes and little change in binding energy (BE) relative to Cr metal, providing strong evidence for electronic delocalization. The Sb 3d core-line spectra reveal slightly negative BE shifts relative to elemental antimony, supporting the presence of anionic Sb species in RECrSb{sub 3}. The experimental valence band spectrum of LaCrSb{sub 3} matches well with the calculated density of states, and it can be fitted to component peaks belonging to individual atoms to yield an average formulation that agrees well with expectations ('La{sup 3+}Cr{sup 3+}(Sb{sup 2-}){sub 3}'). On progressing from LaCrSb{sub 3} to NdCrSb{sub 3}, the 4f-band in the valence band spectra grows in intensity and shifts to higher BE. The valence band spectrum for YbCrSb{sub 3} also supports the presence of divalent ytterbium. - Graphical Abstract: In their valence band spectra, the 4f-band intensifies and shifts to higher BE on progressing from LaCrSb{sub 3} to NdCrSb{sub 3}. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer High-resolution core-line and valence band XPS spectra were measured for RECrSb{sub 3}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Divalent Yb is present in YbCrSb{sub 3}, in contrast to trivalent RE in other members. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Asymmetric Cr 2p spectral lineshape confirms delocalization of Cr valence electrons. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Small negative Sb 3d BE shifts support assignment of anionic Sb atoms. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Fitted valence band spectra show shifts in the 4f band as RE is changed.

  6. Preparation and spectroscopic properties of rare-earth (RE) (RE = Sm, Eu, Tb, Dy, Tm)-activated K{sub 2}LnZr(PO{sub 4}){sub 3} (Ln = Y, La, Gd and Lu) phosphate in vacuum ultraviolet region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Zhi-Jun; Lin, Xiao; Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing, 100039 ; Zhao, Jing-Tai; Zhang, Guo-Bin

    2013-02-15

    Graphical abstract: Display Omitted Highlights: ? We report the VUV spectroscopic properties of rare-earth ions in K{sub 2}LnZr(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}. ? The O{sup 2?}-Eu{sup 3+} charge transfer bands at about 220 nm have been observed. ? The 4f–5d spin-allowed and spin-forbidden transitions of Tb{sup 3+} have been observed. ? There is energy transfer between the host and rare-earth activators. -- Abstract: Rare earth (RE = Sm, Eu, Tb, Dy and Tm)-activated K{sub 2}LnZr(PO{sub 4}){sub 3} (Ln = Y, La, Gd and Lu) have been synthesized by solid-state reaction method, and their vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) excitation luminescent characteristics have been investigated. The band in the wavelength range of 130–157 nm and the other one range from 155 to 216 nm with the maximum at about 187 nm in the VUV excitation spectra of these compounds are attributed to the host lattice absorption and O–Zr charge transfer transition, respectively. The charge transfer bands (CTB) of O{sup 2?}-Sm{sup 3+}, O{sup 2?}-Dy{sup 3+} and O{sup 2?}-Tm{sup 3+}, in Sm{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+} and Tm{sup 3+}-activated samples, have not been obviously observed probably because the 2p electrons of oxygen are tightly bound to the zirconium ion in the host lattice. For Eu{sup 3+}-activated samples, the relatively weak O{sup 2?}-Eu{sup 3+} CTB at about 220 nm is observed. And for Tb{sup 3+}-activated samples, the bands at 223 and 258 nm are related to the 4f-5d spin-allowed and spin-forbidden transitions of Tb{sup 3+}, respectively. It is observed that there is energy transfer between the host lattice and the luminescent activators (e.g. Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}). From the standpoint of luminescent efficiency, color purity and chemical stability, K{sub 2}GdZr(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}:Sm{sup 3+}, Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+} are attractive candidates for novel yellow, red, green-emitting PDP phosphors.

  7. Neutron diffraction study at 37 K of sodium triaqua(ethylenediaminetetraacetato)samarate(III) pentahydrate, Na[Sm(C10H12N2O8)(H2O)3].5H2O

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engel, D. W.; Takusagawa, Fusao; Koetzle, Thomas F.

    1984-01-01

    Press. JOHNSON, C. K. (1965). ORTEP. Report ORNL-3794. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee. KURIHARA, T . , UCHIDA, A . , OHASHI, Y . , SASADA, Y . , O H G O , Y . & BABA, S. (1983). Acta Cryst. B39,431-437. MAIN, P., HULL, S . E . , LESSINGER... the central ion, as evidenced by the first five angles in Table 2 all being reasonably near 72°. The Sm ion is 0-52 (1) A from the mean plane through the four O atoms. This value lies between those for La (0-60 A) and Tb (0-49 A) and Dy (0-48 A...

  8. Copyright 2011 by the author(s). Published here under license by the Resilience Alliance. Van der Leeuw, S., R. Costanza, S. Aulenbach, S. Brewer, M. Burek, S. Cornell, C. Crumley, J. A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermont, University of

    Copyright © 2011 by the author(s). Published here under license by the Resilience Alliance. Van der dependent on a limited resource, global climate disruption, and the opening up of the Arctic to further oil

  9. The feasibility of obtaining very short pulsed beams in the energy range 300-600 keV from the 3 MeV pulsed Van de Graaff accelerator (I.B.I.S)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Porter, D R; Porter, D R no 1; Waring, S no 1

    1975-01-01

    The feasibility of obtaining very short pulsed beams in the energy range 300-600 keV from the 3 MeV pulsed Van de Graaff accelerator (I.B.I.S)

  10. Anisotropic magnetization and transport properties of RAgSb{sub 2} (R=Y, La-Nd, Sm, Gd-Tm)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Myers, Kenneth D.

    1999-11-08

    This study of the RAgSb{sub 2} series of compounds arose as part of an investigation of rare earth intermetallic compounds containing antimony with the rare earth in a position with tetragonal point symmetry. Materials with the rare earth in a position with tetragonal point symmetry frequently manifest strong anisotropies and rich complexity in the magnetic properties, and yet are simple enough to analyze. Antimony containing intermetallic compounds commonly possess low carrier densities and have only recently been the subject of study. Large single grain crystals were grown of the RAgSb{sub 2} (R=Y, La-Nd, Sm, Gd-Tm) series of compounds out of a high temperature solution. This method of crystal growth, commonly known as flux growth is a versatile method which takes advantage of the decreasing solubility of the target compound with decreasing temperature. Overall, the results of the crystal growth were impressive with the synthesis of single crystals of LaAgSb{sub 2} approaching one gram. However, the sample yield diminishes as the rare earth elements become smaller and heavier. Consequently, no crystals could be grown with R=Yb or Lu. Furthermore, EuAgSb{sub 2} could not be synthesized, likely due to the divalency of the Eu ion. For most of the RAgSb{sub 2} compounds, strong magnetic anisotropies are created by the crystal electric field splitting of the Hund's rule ground state. This splitting confines the local moments to lie in the basal plane (easy plane) for the majority of the members of the series. Exceptions to this include ErAgSb{sub 2} and TmAgSb{sub 2}, which have moments along the c-axis (easy axis) and CeAgSb{sub 2}, which at intermediate temperatures has an easy plane, but exchange coupling at low temperatures is anisotropic with an easy axis. Additional anisotropy is also observed within the basal plane of DyAgSb{sub 2}, where the moments are restricted to align along one of the {l_angle}110{r_angle} axes. Most of the RAgSb{sub 2} compounds containing magnetic rare earths, antiferromagnetically ordered at low temperatures. The ordering temperatures of these compounds are approximately proportional to the de Gennes factor, which suggests that the RKKY interaction is the dominant exchange interaction between local moments. Although metamagnetic transitions were observed in many members of the series, the series of sharp step-like transitions in DyAgSb{sub 2} are impressive. In this compound, up to 11 different magnetic states are stable depending on the magnitude and direction of the applied field. The saturated magnetization of these states and the critical fields needed to induce a phase transition vary with the direction of the applied field. Through detailed study of the angular dependence of the magnetization and critical fields, the net distribution of magnetic moments was determined for most, of the metamagnetic states. In DyAgSb{sub 2}, the crystal electric field (CEF) splitting of the Hund's rule ground state creates a strong anisotropy where the local Dy{sup 3+} magnetic moments are constrained to one of the equivalent {l_angle}110{r_angle} directions within the basal plane. The four position clock model was introduced to account for this rich metamagnetic system. Within this model, the magnetic moments are constrained to one of four equivalent orientations within the basal plane and interactions are calculated for up third nearest neighbors. The theoretical phase diagram, generated from the coupling constants is in excellent agreement with the experimental phase diagram. Further investigation of this compound using magnetic X-ray or neutron diffraction would be extremely useful to verify the net distributions of moments and determine the wave vectors of each of the ordered states.

  11. A review of "Illustrated Religious Texts in the North of Europe, 1500-1800" edited by Feike Dietz, Adam Morton, Lien Roggen, Els Stronks, and Marc Van Vaeck 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Jennifer

    2015-01-01

    -century news to theory, or the social history of education, theatre, and culture in and around London. Feike Dietz, Adam Morton, Lien Roggen, Els Stronks, and Marc Van Vaeck, eds. Illustrated Religious Texts in the North of Europe, 1500–1800. Farnham, Surrey..., the contribu- tions by Walter Melion and Adam Morton treat larger format printed images that circulated independently. While the crossing of national boundaries is one theme of the volume, its strongest impulse is to analyze various ways images crossed...

  12. OIL in a Nutshell D. Fensel1, I. Horrocks2, F. Van Harmelen1,3, S. Decker4, M. Erdmann4, and M. Klein1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Harmelen, Frank

    OIL in a Nutshell D. Fensel1, I. Horrocks2, F. Van Harmelen1,3, S. Decker4, M. Erdmann4, and M will present OIL, which is a proposal for such a standard. It is based on existing proposals such as OKBC, XOL the main ideas of OIL. 1 Introduction Currently, we are on the brink of the second Web generation. The Web

  13. Al{sub 70}Pd{sub 21.5}Mn{sub 8.5}: A quasicrystal showing the de haas-van Alphen effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haanappel, E.G. [National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM (United States). Pulsed Field Facility; Kycia, S.W.; Harmon, B.N.; Canfield, P.C.; Goldman, A.I. [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Ames Lab.; Rabson, D.A.; Thompson, J.D.; Mueller, F.M. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

    1995-07-01

    We have measured the de Haas-van Alphen effect in the icosahedral quasicrystal Al{sub 70}Pd{sub 21.5}Mn{sub 8.5}. We have found two well-defined frequencies with the magnetic field parallel to a five-fold axis, and two different ones with the field parallel to a two-fold axis. On increasing the temperature, the amplitude of the oscillations substantially decreased, suggesting that the carriers have large masses.

  14. Thin-film growth of the charge-density-wave oxide Rb0.30MoO3 H. S. J. van der Zant,a)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thin-film growth of the charge-density-wave oxide Rb0.30MoO3 H. S. J. van der Zant,a) O. C. Mantel 29 April 1996 We report on the thin-film fabrication of a charge-density wave CDW compound. Single-phase epitaxial films of the model CDW oxide Rb0.30MoO3 have been grown by pulsed-laser deposition. Detailed

  15. Eurographics Workshop on 3D Object Retrieval (2015) I. Pratikakis, M. Spagnuolo, T. Theoharis, L. Van Gool, and R. Veltkamp (Editors)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Ralph R.

    2015-01-01

    . Van Gool, and R. Veltkamp (Editors) SHREC'15 Track: Non-rigid 3D Shape Retrieval Z. Lian1 , J. Zhang1. Pevzner4 , D. Pickup11 , P. Rosin11 , A. Sharf4 L. Sun8 , X. Sun11 , S. Tari13 , G. Unal7 , R.C. Wilson10- sion, pattern recognition, etc. In this paper, we present the results of the SHREC'15 Track: Non

  16. Betty Van Dyke: The Van Dyke Ranch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabkin, Sarah

    2010-01-01

    but we were certified the third year that the CCOF was in. AI’ve belonged to CCOF since the third year. The Ecologicalhappens at [Asilomar]—the third year they had it I think we

  17. Betty Van Dyke: The Van Dyke Ranch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabkin, Sarah

    2010-01-01

    Yugoslavia, from what is now Croatia. My grandfather came inmy father grew up in Croatia and he was in charge of feedingout how they harvested in Croatia, because I knew that every

  18. van der Waals density functionals built upon the electron-gas tradition: Facing the challenge of competing interactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berland, Kristian [Microtechnology and Nanoscience, MC2, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Göteborg (Sweden) [Microtechnology and Nanoscience, MC2, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Göteborg (Sweden); Molecular Foundry, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Arter, Calvin A.; Thonhauser, T. [Department of Physics, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, North Carolina 27109 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, North Carolina 27109 (United States); Cooper, Valentino R. [Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6114 (United States)] [Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6114 (United States); Lee, Kyuho [Molecular Foundry, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States) [Molecular Foundry, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Lundqvist, Bengt I. [Department of Applied Physics, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Göteborg (Sweden)] [Department of Applied Physics, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Göteborg (Sweden); Schröder, Elsebeth; Hyldgaard, Per [Microtechnology and Nanoscience, MC2, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Göteborg (Sweden)] [Microtechnology and Nanoscience, MC2, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Göteborg (Sweden)

    2014-05-14

    The theoretical description of sparse matter attracts much interest, in particular for those ground-state properties that can be described by density functional theory. One proposed approach, the van der Waals density functional (vdW-DF) method, rests on strong physical foundations and offers simple yet accurate and robust functionals. A very recent functional within this method called vdW-DF-cx [K. Berland and P. Hyldgaard, Phys. Rev. B 89, 035412 (2014)] stands out in its attempt to use an exchange energy derived from the same plasmon-based theory from which the nonlocal correlation energy was derived. Encouraged by its good performance for solids, layered materials, and aromatic molecules, we apply it to several systems that are characterized by competing interactions. These include the ferroelectric response in PbTiO{sub 3}, the adsorption of small molecules within metal-organic frameworks, the graphite/diamond phase transition, and the adsorption of an aromatic-molecule on the Ag(111) surface. Our results indicate that vdW-DF-cx is overall well suited to tackle these challenging systems. In addition to being a competitive density functional for sparse matter, the vdW-DF-cx construction presents a more robust general-purpose functional that could be applied to a range of materials problems with a variety of competing interactions.

  19. van der Waals density functionals built upon the electron-gas tradition: Facing the challenge of competing interactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berland, Kristian [Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden] [Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden; Arter, Calvin A [Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem] [Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem; Cooper, Valentino R [ORNL] [ORNL; Lee, Dr. Kyuho [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL)] [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL); Lundqvist, Prof. Bengt I. [Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden] [Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden; Schroder, Prof. Elsebeth [Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden] [Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden; Thonhauser, Prof. Timo [Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem] [Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem; Hyldgaard, Per [Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden] [Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden

    2014-01-01

    The theoretical description of sparse matter attracts much interest, in particular for those groundstate properties that can be described by density functional theory (DFT). One proposed approach, the van der Waals density functional (vdW-DF) method, rests on strong physical foundations and offers simple yet accurate and robust functionals. A very recent functional within this method called vdW-DF-cx [K. Berland and P. Hyldgaard, Phys. Rev. B, in print] stands out in its attempt to use an exchange energy derived from the same plasmon-based theory from which the nonlocal correlation energy was derived. Encouraged by its good performance for solids, layered materials, and aromatic molecules, we apply it to several systems that are characterized by competing interactions. These include the ferroelectric response in PbTiO3, the adsorption of small molecules within metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), the graphite/diamond phase transition, and the adsorption of an aromaticmolecule on the Ag(111) surface. Our results indicate that vdW-DF-cx is overall well suited to tackle these challenging systems. In addition to being a competitive density functional for sparse matter, the vdW-DF-cx construction presents a more robust general purpose functional that could be applied to a range of materials problems with a variety of competing interactions.

  20. A Systematic Study of Chloride Ion Solvation in Water using van der Waals Inclusive Hybrid Density Functional Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arindam Bankura; Biswajit Santra; Robert A. DiStasio Jr.; Charles W. Swartz; Michael L. Klein; Xifan Wu

    2015-03-25

    In this work, the solvation and electronic structure of the aqueous chloride ion solution was investigated using Density Functional Theory (DFT) based \\textit{ab initio} molecular dynamics (AIMD). From an analysis of radial distribution functions, coordination numbers, and solvation structures, we found that exact exchange ($E_{\\rm xx}$) and non-local van der Waals (vdW) interactions effectively \\textit{weaken} the interactions between the Cl$^-$ ion and the first solvation shell. With a Cl-O coordination number in excellent agreement with experiment, we found that most configurations generated with vdW-inclusive hybrid DFT exhibit 6-fold coordinated distorted trigonal prism structures, which is indicative of a significantly disordered first solvation shell. By performing a series of band structure calculations on configurations generated from AIMD simulations with varying DFT potentials, we found that the solvated ion orbital energy levels (unlike the band structure of liquid water) strongly depend on the underlying molecular structures. In addition, these orbital energy levels were also significantly affected by the DFT functional employed for the electronic structure; as the fraction of $E_{\\rm xx}$ was increased, the gap between the highest occupied molecular orbital of Cl$^-$ and the valence band maximum of liquid water steadily increased towards the experimental value.