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1

CO2 Emissions - Latvia  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Centrally Planned Europe Latvia CO2 Emissions from Latvia Data graphic Data CO2 Emissions from Latvia image Per capita CO2 Emission Estimates for Latvia...

2

L:LCB:lg  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

L:LCB:lg L:LCB:lg '. ,. ), .; ..:.;; ~ .,. Fhazmon sAmi.now uatsri.als co. 7356 sanca !.tonioa Boulevard Eollymod 46, Calif. Attr Mr. J. 2. Alburger CslItlI%LOIll - Ootober, 9, l&2 ,:;.. ~. Tk have your letter dabed Ootobor~B, 1962 &ah is euffioient to give w a better plotwe of the we wblch you propose to make ofuraniumoorrpovndE inluud.now'paintpignonts. We are attaahing licanse number C-2663 uhi&.permits you to purchase three pounds ofuraniumoompounda for demlop3mt mrk. 1% want ybu to understand in admum, hovemar, that we till bc reluctant to JESUS additional liconm3e for production of lumin- ow paints exceptforpignenta to be wed ex~lwiwly inprodu~ta having ntilitaqy or olearly defined industrial &ility. znclosurea Lioewe Eoo, C-2863

3

LG Siltron | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LG Siltron LG Siltron Jump to: navigation, search Name LG Siltron Place Seoul, Korea (Republic) Sector Services, Solar Product Developer and manufacturer of silicon wafers for the semiconductor industry; services the solar sector. Coordinates 37.557121°, 126.977379° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.557121,"lon":126.977379,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

4

LG Electronics v. DOE - Defendants' Brief in Opposition to Plaintiff LG  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electronics v. DOE - Defendants' Brief in Opposition to Electronics v. DOE - Defendants' Brief in Opposition to Plaintiff LG Electronics' Motion for a Preliminary Injunction LG Electronics v. DOE - Defendants' Brief in Opposition to Plaintiff LG Electronics' Motion for a Preliminary Injunction December 23, 2009 DOE filed a brief in opposition to LG Electronic's motion for preliminary injunction. Issuance of an injunction would prevent DOE from revoking an exception to a 2008 agreement whereby LG could temporarily continue to test certain fill tubes and ice ejection heaters for ENERGY STAR compliance while they are in the "off" rather than the "on" position. On January 18, 2010, the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia issued its decision in Civil Action No. 09-2297, denying LG's

5

GV1 Solar Power Plant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GV1 Solar Power Plant GV1 Solar Power Plant Jump to: navigation, search Name GV1 Solar Power Plant Facility GV1 Sector Solar Facility Type Concentrating Solar Power Developer Greenvolts Location Tracy, California Coordinates 37.7396513°, -121.4252227° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.7396513,"lon":-121.4252227,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

6

Latvia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Latvia: Energy Resources Latvia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":57,"lon":25,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

7

LG Dismisses Lawsuit against DOE over Energy Star Enforcement | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

LG Dismisses Lawsuit against DOE over Energy Star Enforcement LG Dismisses Lawsuit against DOE over Energy Star Enforcement LG Dismisses Lawsuit against DOE over Energy Star Enforcement May 28, 2010 - 2:32pm Addthis DOE announced today that LG Electronics voluntarily dismissed its lawsuit against DOE over the Department's decision to require LG to use the same energy efficiency tests as other manufacturers and to withdraw the Energy Star label from certain LG refrigerators. The Department's decision also had the effect of requiring LG to cease distributing those refrigerators in commerce no later than March 17, 2010. LG had sought a preliminary injunction against DOE's action last December but lost. LG then proceeded to remove the Energy Star label from the affected products and ceased distributing them in commerce by the March deadline. Nevertheless, the

8

DOE Reaches Agreement with LG Electronics, USA, On Refrigerator Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reaches Agreement with LG Electronics, USA, On Refrigerator Reaches Agreement with LG Electronics, USA, On Refrigerator Energy Matter DOE Reaches Agreement with LG Electronics, USA, On Refrigerator Energy Matter November 14, 2008 - 4:47pm Addthis ENERGY STAR® Program Continues to Help American Consumers Make Energy Efficient Choices WASHINGTON - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced an agreement with LG Electronics, USA, Inc. (LG), resolving concerns related to energy usage measurements reported on LG French Door refrigerators with through-the-door ice and water service. The ENERGY STAR® program helps American consumers make energy efficient choices, saving billions of dollars while protecting the environment by using identified energy efficient products and practices. "DOE believes that the actions LG plans to take will benefit consumers and

9

SUBJECT: MEMORANDUM DAu&!Lg)_)~Q-----__  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

SUBJECT: SUBJECT: MEMORANDUM DAu&!Lg)_)~Q-----__ :::I: R~&a~.a cp"pwy ALTERNATE . -- --- ------------------ NAME : ---------------------- CITY: e.&mrd --B---s-------- STATE: -&+- -------------------------- date contacted ------------- TYPE OF OPERATION ----------------- 0 Research b Devrlopment q Facility Type 0 Production scale testing 8 Pilot Scale Bench Seal e Process 0 Theoretical Studies 0 Sample & Analysis @ Manuf l cturing 0 University IJ Research Organization 0 Government Sponsored Facility 0 Other --------------------- 0 Production Cl Disposal /Storage TY?Z OF CONTRACT ---------------- 0 Prime 0 Subcontract& 7 Purchase Order 0 Other information (i.e., cost + fixed fee, unit price, time & material, ate) ----e-w

10

LG to DOE General Counsel; Re:Request for Comment on Large Capacity...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LG to DOE General Counsel; Re:Request for Comment on Large Capacity Clothes Washers LG to DOE General Counsel; Re:Request for Comment on Large Capacity Clothes Washers LG response...

11

LgCOOleS, Se*&,,  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

; "Ofice Mem ; "Ofice Mem . m *" ' ' *IilCl:t Consists of & " ' / Of LgCOOleS, Se*&,, es * UNITED STATES G-OVERNM NT <;$)~~ 3i;t-j /Lj ' , ~~~' jCjC;O c) TO I LT. :s. Clnr!te, ,;or,~~~,~' , -.,,..:-:-Y"' r~-;i~.L.-Z.:r DATE: uL"C!.,?r 6, 1' ?L9 A meting mj: !1:1d in i:1CG bet,. _ ^ .- ',cel representatives 51 ;.2rshz:i sr.3 the A;.35 to nwotiztc .the prices for producing FY-1: (brow oxise), _1 I%-; (green salt and .?T-12 (he::.-iZluoriic) fcr the sc2or.d 3,uarter of fisc21 1950, (Cctober, Z:ove-r.ber, 2c?Ce.:lxr l?L?). Th-: foll;:~:i;.E xttcndcd the mztin:: "-Tsh-:, -.,q ..__ _id.l - 1;. 2. 9till;Iell

12

U.S. District Court Upholds DOE's Action Against LG to Enforce...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

District Court Upholds DOE's Action Against LG to Enforce ENERGY STAR Requirements U.S. District Court Upholds DOE's Action Against LG to Enforce ENERGY STAR Requirements January...

13

LG Electronics v. DOE - Defendants' Brief in Opposition to Plaintiff...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to a 2008 agreement whereby LG could temporarily continue to test certain fill tubes and ice ejection heaters for ENERGY STAR compliance while they are in the "off" rather than the...

14

EUDEEP (Smart Grid Project) (Latvia) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Latvia) Latvia) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name EUDEEP Country Latvia Coordinates 56.879635°, 24.603189° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":56.879635,"lon":24.603189,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

15

TEE-0025 - In the Matter of LG Electronics, Inc. | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 - In the Matter of LG Electronics, Inc. 5 - In the Matter of LG Electronics, Inc. TEE-0025 - In the Matter of LG Electronics, Inc. This Decision and Order considers an Application for Exception filed by LG Electronics, Inc. (LG) seeking exception relief from the provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers and Freezers (Refrigerator Efficiency Standards). In its exception request, LG asserts that the firm would suffer a gross inequity if required to adhere to the Refrigerator Efficiency Standards, codified at 10 C.F.R. § 430.32. If LG's Application for Exception were granted, LG would receive exception relief from the energy efficiency standard applicable to a new automatic defrost refrigerator-freezer, with bottom mounted freezer and

16

Deputy Secretary of Energy Meets with President of Latvia | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of Energy Meets with President of Latvia of Energy Meets with President of Latvia Deputy Secretary of Energy Meets with President of Latvia April 4, 2011 - 6:07pm Addthis Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman meets with President Zatlers of Latvia | DOE photo: Ken Shipp Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman meets with President Zatlers of Latvia | DOE photo: Ken Shipp April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs On Friday, Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman met with President Zatlers of Latvia, and the two discussed a range of energy issues; including energy security and the need for diversified resources, development opportunities in the liquid natural gas and shale gas markets, and the need to create an integrated Baltic energy market. Deputy

17

LG Electronics U.S.A. v. DOE, Stipulation of Voluntary Dismissal |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

LG Electronics U.S.A. v. DOE, Stipulation of Voluntary Dismissal LG Electronics U.S.A. v. DOE, Stipulation of Voluntary Dismissal LG Electronics U.S.A. v. DOE, Stipulation of Voluntary Dismissal May 28, 2010 LG Electronics U.S.A., Inc. v. U.S. Dept. of Energy and Steven Chu, Civil Action Number 1:09-cv-02297-JDB, Stipulation of Voluntary Dismissal. LG here voluntarily dismisses its claims against the DOE and Secretary Chu. Parties agree that DOE believes its interpretation of the November 14, 2008 Settlement Agreement is correct, but that LG interpreted the agreement fairly and in good faith. To DOE's knowledge, LG is fulfilling the obligations of that Agreeement, as well as the November 10, 2009 order. DOE's December 18, 2009 Guidance is the first industry-wide clarification for energy efficiency testing procedures for the fill tube and ice ejection

18

An Energy Overview of the Republic of Latvia  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The DOE Office of Fossil Energy is maintaining a web site that is meant to provide useful business- and energy-related information about countries and regions of the world for exporters, project developers, and researchers. The site consists of more than 130 country pages (organized into seven different world regions), with each country page having its own set of links to information sources about that country. There are also more than 30 Country Energy Overviews at the web site -- each of these is a comprehensive review of a specific country's entire energy situation, including sections on Energy Policy, Oil, Natural Gas, Coal, Hydroelectric/Renewables, Nuclear Power, Energy Transmission Infrastructure, Electricity, Electric Industry Overview, Environmental Activities, Privatization, Trade, and Economic Situation. The specific country highlighted in this Country Energy Overview is Latvia. The site is designed to be dynamic. Updates to the overviews will be made as need and resources permit.

anon.

2003-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

19

LG to DOE General Counsel; Re:Request for Comment on Large Capacity Clothes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to DOE General Counsel; Re:Request for Comment on Large Capacity to DOE General Counsel; Re:Request for Comment on Large Capacity Clothes Washers LG to DOE General Counsel; Re:Request for Comment on Large Capacity Clothes Washers LG response to DOE's request for information regarding alternative test procedures for large-capacity clothes washer models, December 7, 2010. After DOE requested the views of interested parties concerning implementation of an alternative test procedure for large-capacity clothes washer models, i.e., those in excess of 3.8 cu ft, LG Vice President of Government Relations and Communications, John I. Taylor, submits this letter outlining LG's views on the set of "unique circumstances." LG response to DOE's request for information regarding alternative test procedures for large-capacity clothes washer models, December 7, 2010.

20

U.S. District Court Upholds DOE's Action Against LG to Enforce ENERGY STAR  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

District Court Upholds DOE's Action Against LG to Enforce District Court Upholds DOE's Action Against LG to Enforce ENERGY STAR Requirements U.S. District Court Upholds DOE's Action Against LG to Enforce ENERGY STAR Requirements January 19, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, D.C. - On Monday, the United States District Court for the District of Columbia upheld the Department of Energy's decision to remove the ENERGY STAR® label from certain inefficient LG refrigerator-freezer models. As part of its expanded energy efficient enforcement efforts, DOE had taken steps over the past few months to remove the label from these products, which independent testing had shown were consuming significantly more energy than allowed by the ENERGY STAR® program. "The Court has affirmed our efforts to protect consumers and the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lg latvia gv" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Microsoft Word - LG response to DOE letter to clothes washer waivers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

LG ELECTRONICS LG ELECTRONICS 1776 K Street NW Washington, DC 20006 By email: GC_comments@hq.doe.gov December 7, 2010 Scott Blake Harris, Esq. General Counsel United States Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585 Re: Alternative test procedure for large-capacity clothes washer models Dear Mr. Harris, Thank you for seeking the views of interested parties concerning implementation of an alternative test procedure for large-capacity clothes washer models, i.e., those in excess of 3.8 cu ft. You appropriately state that the situation you have described presents a set of "unique circumstances." LG Electronics' suggestions herein are crafted in light of these unique circumstances. As discussed herein, LG Electronics believes that there is a relatively simple and

22

DOE Defends Decision to Revoke Energy Star Designation for Certain LG Refrigerators  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

On December 23, 2009, the Government filed itsbriefin opposition to LG Electronics' motion for a preliminary injunction in the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia.

23

LG/BV series water lubrication VSD oil-free screw compressor ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

LG/BV series water lubrication VSD oil-free screw compressor,Kunshan CompAirs Machinery Plant Co.,Ltd is the leading air compressor manufacturer and ...

24

Comment on "Negative heat capacities and first order phase transitions in nuclei" by L.G. Moretto et al  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a recent paper L.G. Moretto et al [nucl-th/0208024] claim that the negative heat capacities presented in our previously published paper \\cite{PRL2000} are "artifacts" coming from the use of periodic boundary conditions in the Lattice-Gas calculations. We stress in this comment that this claim is wrong: in ref. \\cite{PRL2000} we did not use periodic boundary conditions and anyhow the boundary conditions are irrelevant for the statistical ensemble used in \\cite{PRL2000}. The second claim of [nucl-th/0208024] is that, because of the Coulomb repulsion, systems "with A>60 should present no anomalous negative heat capacities". We show that this conclusion is contradicted by exact Lattice-gas simulations including Coulomb forces which present negative heat capacities even for A>200.

F. Gulminelli; Ph. Chomaz

2003-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

25

Comment on "Negative heat capacities and first order phase transitions in nuclei" by L.G. Moretto et al  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a recent paper L.G. Moretto et al [nucl-th/0208024] claim that the negative heat capacities presented in our previously published paper \\cite{PRL2000} are "artifacts" coming from the use of periodic boundary conditions in the Lattice-Gas calculations. We stress in this comment that this claim is wrong: in ref. \\cite{PRL2000} we did not use periodic boundary conditions and anyhow the boundary conditions are irrelevant for the statistical ensemble used in \\cite{PRL2000}. The second claim of [nucl-th/0208024] is that, because of the Coulomb repulsion, systems "with A>60 should present no anomalous negative heat capacities". We show that this conclusion is contradicted by exact Lattice-gas simulations including Coulomb forces which present negative heat capacities even for A>200.

Gulminelli, F; Chomaz, Ph.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

The Department of Energy's Management of the Award of a $150 Million Recovery Act Grant to LG Chem Michigan Inc., OAS-RA-13-10  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Management of the Award of a $150 Management of the Award of a $150 Million Recovery Act Grant to LG Chem Michigan Inc. OAS-RA-13-10 February 2013 Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 February 8, 2013 MEMORANDUM FOR THE UNDER SECRETARY OF ENERGY FROM: Gregory H. Friedman Inspector General SUBJECT: INFORMATION: Special Report on "The Department of Energy's Management of the Award of a $150 Million Recovery Act Grant to LG Chem Michigan Inc." BACKGROUND The Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program was established to develop and deploy efficient and environmentally friendly highway transportation technologies to reduce the Nation's dependence on foreign oil and provide greater energy security. The Vehicle Technologies Program received $2.4 billion under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act

27

Markovian Component Modeling F. Dankar and G.V. Bochmann  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are defined as in Section 2.1 · µ: [0,) is the transition rate function - The exit rate of a state the exit rate rx for every state x together with the probability for each transition e from x. The rate of the transition e from x would be then: re=Pe rx. - If µ(x) is the rate of state x, then the amount of time spent

von Bochmann, Gregor

28

Latvia - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

US EIA provides data, forecasts, country analysis brief and other analyses, focusing on the energy industry including oil, natural gas and ...

29

U.S. Imports from Latvia - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

30

Provoking Tolerance: History, Sense of Self, and Difference in Latvia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tolerance un Latvijas Sabiedr%bas Integr! cija. R%ga.Barik! des: Latvijas m%lest%bas gr! mata. R%ga: 1991. gadaHanovs, Deniss 2003 Pilson%bas N! cija: Baltijas V*stnesis,

Dzenovska, Dace Agnese

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Latvia - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum & Other Liquids. Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. ...

32

Latvia - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sales, revenue and prices, power plants, fuel use, stocks, generation, trade, ... as the country is nearly 100 percent dependent on imports from Russia.

33

Energy Efficiency and Importance of Renewable Energy Sources in Latvia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The main goal of Latvian energy policy is to ensure safe and environmentally friendly long?term energy supply at cost?effective prices

I. Skapare; A. Kreslins

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

- - - - - - - - - Italy ... - - - - - 333 333 - - - Korea, South ... - - - - - - - - - - Latvia ......

35

Petroleum Supply Annual  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

- - - - - - - - - - Italy ... - - - - - - - - 298 298 Korea, South ... - - - - - - - - - - Latvia ......

36

Hydrobiologia 496: 145162, 2003. E. Sigvaldadottir, A.S.Y. Mackie, G.V. Helgason, D.J. Reish, J. Svavarsson, S.A. Steingrimsson & G. Gumundsson (eds),  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a pseudo-sibling species-complex within the so- called cosmopolitan H. spongicola has been revealed formerly considered as cosmopolitan should be divided into several valid species. These cryptic spe- cies was reported by Pettibone (1993), who divided the `cosmopolitan' scaleworm Har- mothoe lunulata into 21 species

Martin, Daniel

37

Use and analysis of new optimization techniques for decision theory and data mining  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Croatia Cyprus InsI Country 2 Romania Romania VenezuelaVenezuela Estonia Latvia Indonesia Latvia Turkey RomaniaMexico Mexico Romania Venezuela Romania Venezuela Sep Table

Moreno Centeno, Erick

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Geography of the Former Soviet Union GEOG 399/REES 480, Fall 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Moldova), the Baltic States (Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia), the Caucasus (Azerbaijan, Georgia, Armenia

Peterson, Blake R.

39

untitled  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

- - - - - - - - Italy ... - - - 672 - 42 42 - 538 538 Korea, South ... - - - 19 - - - - 440 440 Latvia ......

40

TNCs and the Removal of Textiles and Clothing Quotas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pakistan ..Garment industry in Pakistan. In Joshi, Gopal, ed. ,Germany Mauritius Malaysia Pakistan Slovakia Mexico Latvia

Appelbaum, Richard P.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lg latvia gv" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

In-line, Non-destructive Electrical Metrology of Nitrided Silicon ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 20YY Solid State Measurements ALL RIGHTS RESERVED Slide YYMMDDSS EM-gate CV and GV: ~13.5 Ang. ... EM-gate CV and GV: Ang. ...

42

The frequency and voltage dependent electrical characteristics of Al-TiW-Pd2Si/n-Si structure using I-V, C-V and G/?-V measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The forward and reverse bias capacitance-voltage (C-V) and conductance-voltage (G/w-V) characteristics of Al-TiW-Pd"2Si/n-Si structures have been investigated over a wide frequency range of 5kHz-5MHz. These measurements allow to us the determination ... Keywords: 73.30.+y, 73.40.Ns, 73.40.Qv, Frequency dependent, Interface states, MS structure, Pd2Si/n-Si contacts, Series resistance

?. M. Afandiyeva; ?. Dkme; ?. Alt?ndal; L. K. Abdullayeva; Sh. G. Askerov

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Tecno-lg. Santa Cruz do Sul, v.7, n.1, p. 9-26, jan./jun. 2003.Tecno-lg. Santa Cruz do Sul, v.7, n.1, p. 9-26, jan./jun. 2003. TCNICA NO DESTRUTIVA DE ANLISE DE TANINO EM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; · Celulose: estimula os intestinos; · Minerais: aproveitados no organismo; · Água. Muitos fatores

Ferreira, Márcia M. C.

44

Major Sponsors International Motorcycle Exhibition Milan,Italy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands,...

45

EXHIBIT B  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Cuba, Estonia, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Libya, Lithuania, Macao, Moldova, Mongolia, Myanmar...

46

DOE Defends Decision to Revoke Energy Star Designation for Certain...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Defends Decision to Revoke Energy Star Designation for Certain LG Refrigerators DOE Defends Decision to Revoke Energy Star Designation for Certain LG Refrigerators December 23,...

47

E85 Retail Business Case: When and Why to Sell E85 (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Agenda: {lg_bullet} Convey current state of the retail gasoline market {lg_bullet} Explore E85 as part of the solution {lg_bullet} Test the profitability of E85 as an investment {lg_bullet} Give retailers guidance to assess if E85 would be a good investment for them

Johnson, C.

2007-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

48

Direct and Spillover Effects of ATP-Funded Photonics ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... LG Electronics Microvision Denso (was Nippondenso) Cannon Orion Display Technology Matsushita Reflection Technology ...

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

49

*1|s~~~~ ~~~FINAL REPORT 1~~~~~~~*~A HIGH SEASONAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of condensate (US EPA, (2000)). #12;22 specification. Whirlpool, Frigidaire and LG Electronics comprised

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

50

ENERGY STAR Product Specification Development Framework: Using Data and Analysis to Make Program Decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of condensate (US EPA, (2000)). #12;22 specification. Whirlpool, Frigidaire and LG Electronics comprised

51

The Last Western Flyer the Western Auto Century  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of condensate (US EPA, (2000)). #12;22 specification. Whirlpool, Frigidaire and LG Electronics comprised

Beex, A. A. "Louis"

52

? ??? ? ??? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?? ? !"$#%"'& - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

()&10"3254. 6. 798$8A@ BD C$CFE$E$E GI HQPRHTS GV UXW`Y GV HQa9Cc bd@$egf`hiEpPrqts u vxwxy ? ?$?A?p?...

53

Ground Validation for the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An overview of the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Ground Validation (GV) Program is presented. This ground validation (GV) program is based at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, and is responsible for processing ...

David B. Wolff; D. A. Marks; E. Amitai; D. S. Silberstein; B. L. Fisher; A. Tokay; J. Wang; J. L. Pippitt

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain BangladeshSlovenia Tunisia Mongolia Azerbaijan Austria Estonia LatviaCentral Asia Albania Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus Bosnia and

Kolp, Felicity Ann

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Microsoft Word - DOE_PPPL_M119_Section I.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein,...

56

Essays on International Trade and Firm Business Strategies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TJK UKR UZB Albania Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus Bosnia andof Country Albania Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus Bosnia andLatvia Armenia Lithuania Azerbaijan Macedonia, FYR Belarus

Nakhoda, Aadil

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

TREC - 8 I nteractive T rack A ssessor ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Typhoon Fred 1994 23 Typhoon Doug 1994 24 Typhoon Seth 1994 414i 1 Soviet Union, Russia 2 China 3 Japan 4 Canada 5 Kazakhstan 6 Latvia ...

1999-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

58

International Energy Statistics  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Kazakhstan 195.355 Kyrgyzstan 7.793 Latvia 8.475 Lithuania 16.050 Moldova 6.467 Russia 1,788.136 ...

59

TREC - 8 I nteractive T rack T opics & assessor ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Instance# | | Instance gloss | | 1 Soviet Union, Russia 2 China 3 Japan 4 Canada 5 Kazakhstan 6 Latvia 7 Iran 8 South Korea 9 Portugal 10 Mexico ...

2000-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

60

International Energy Statistics - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Kazakhstan 1,605.9 Kyrgyzstan -0.8 Latvia 1 Lithuania 9.1 Moldova (s) Russia 10,397.0 Tajikistan 0.2 ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lg latvia gv" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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61

TREC - 8 I nteractive T rack T opics & assessor ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 1 Soviet Union, Russia 2 China 3 Japan 4 Canada 5 Kazakhstan 6 Latvia 7 Iran 8 South Korea 9 Portugal 10 Mexico 11 Indonesia 12 Italy ...

1999-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

62

S earcherworksheet : P11_S4 Searcher: P11 Condition: Z ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

S earcherworksheet : P11_S4 Searcher: P11 Condition: Z Topic #: 414i 1. USSR, China, Japan, Canada, Russia 2. Kazakhstan, Latvia, Iran, South ...

1999-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

63

Essays on the politics of regulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Benin Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana BruneiTanzania Georgia Bosnia and Herzegovina Latvia YugoslaviaUkraine Cambodia Bosnia and Herzegovina Kazakhstan Turkey

Weymouth, Stephen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Reply to comment | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

current member states of the UN Commission on Science and Technology for development: Brazil Chile China Democratic Republic of Congo Cuba Finland France Ghana India Latvia...

65

Slide23 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

states of the UN Commission on Science and Technology for development: Brazil Chile China Democratic Republic of Congo Cuba Finland France Ghana India Latvia Lesotho Mauritius...

66

U.S. Imports from All Countries  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liberia Lithuania Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Midway...

67

untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 0 0 3 - 0 0 - 19 19 Japan ... - 0 -7 - - -6 -6 0 0 0 Korea, South ... - 0 -2 0 - 0 0 0 3 3 Latvia ......

68

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

- - - Italy ... - - 160 1,646 - 5,331 5,331 - 399 399 Korea, South ... - - - 86 - 536 536 - 893 893 Latvia...

69

International Services, Human Resources, Brookhaven National...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea, Republic of Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Monaco Netherlands New...

70

Risk Sharing, Financial integration, and "Mundell II" in the Enlarged European Union  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

those of Estonia, Hungary, Poland, and Slovenia. However,Hungary Latvia Lithuania Poland Slovakia Slovenia AustriaAlso, Slovenia and, in part, Poland show a relatively large

Boewer Bwer, Uwe

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Types of Cabinet Durability in Central Eastern Europe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

era (Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland, Romania), while the othersinto these categories: In Poland, the first free electionHungary Latvia Lithuania Poland Romania Slovakia Slovenia

Mueller-Rommel, Ferdinand

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Total Energy - Data - U.S. Energy Information Administration...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, North Korea, South Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia...

73

Ask a Scientist!  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, South Kosovo Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia Lebanon...

74

Department of Energy to Take Steps to Remove ENERGY STAR Label...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to Take Steps to Remove ENERGY STAR Label on Certain LG Refrigerator-Freezer Models Department of Energy to Take Steps to Remove ENERGY STAR Label on Certain LG...

75

integer network synthesis problem for hop constrained flows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

However, each network Gv does not necessarily satisfy the flow requirements corresponding to vector ??v. But the fact that p1 ? 1 allows us to design the...

76

Impact of Plug-in Electrical Cars on Energy Demand, on Power System and on Environment.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The use of an electric vehicle (EV) over a gasoline vehicle (GV) is often portrayed as environment friendly or green movement ignoring how the electricity (more)

Tiwari, Sital

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Preprint of: A.H. Nosrat, L.G. Swan, J.M. Pearce, Improved Performance of Hybrid Photovoltaic-Trigeneration Systems Over Photovoltaic-Cogen Systems Including Effects of Battery Storage, Energy 49, pp. 366-374 (2013). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.201  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Trigeneration Systems Over Photovoltaic-Cogen Systems Including Effects of Battery Storage, Energy 49, pp. 366-374 (2013). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2012.11.005 Improved Performance of Hybrid Photovoltaic Photovoltaic-Cogen Systems Including Effects of Battery Storage, Energy 49, pp. 366-374 (2013). http

78

S earcherworksheet : P5_S4 Searcher: P5 Condition: C Topic ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

S earcherworksheet : P5_S4 Searcher: P5 Condition: C Topic #: 414i 1. Soviet Union Russia 2. China 3. Japan 4. Canada 5. Kazakhstan 6. Latvia 7 ...

1999-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

79

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

- Italy ... - - 160 2,170 - 5,439 5,439 - 3,575 3,575 Korea, South ... - - 106 86 - 830 830 - 1,716 1,716 Latvia...

80

Eesti Energia, Latvenergo, Lietuvos Energija, Elkraft System and COWI -financed by the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sectors in the Baltic States are undergoing reform processes to meet the requirements of the EU directives Energetics in Latvia, and the Danish consultants COWI and RAM-løse edb. The project was managed by the East

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lg latvia gv" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Fermi 3/29/02  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of folksongs that are central to Latvia's cultural identity. Dr. Onno Purbo of Indonesia and his students are on a mission to create a national network of Internet cafes to...

82

Environmental Impact Assesment in the Baltic Countries and Poland -- Screening and Quality Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In The Baltic Countries And Poland - Screening And QualityIn The Baltic Countries And Poland - Screening And QualityLatvia, Lithuania and Poland. All four of these countries

Marriott, A.; Doughty, M.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Microsoft Word - 0025.TEE.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

November 9, 2005 DECISION AND ORDER OFFICE OF HEARINGS AND APPEALS Application for Exception Case Name: LG Electronics, Inc. Date of Filing: September 27, 2005 Case Number: TEE-0025 This Decision and Order considers an Application for Exception filed by LG Electronics, Inc. (LG) seeking exception relief from the provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Refrigerators, Refrigerator- Freezers and Freezers (Refrigerator Efficiency Standards). In its exception request, LG asserts that the firm would suffer a gross inequity if required to adhere to the Refrigerator Efficiency Standards, codified at 10 C.F.R. § 430.32. If LG's Application for Exception were granted, LG

84

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Hybrid System for Distributed Power Generation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report summarizes the work performed by Hybrid Power Generation Systems, LLC during the October 2002 to December 2002 reporting period under Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-01NT40779 for the U. S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory (DOE/NETL) entitled ''Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Hybrid System for Distributed Power Generation''. The main objective of this project is to develop and demonstrate the feasibility of a highly efficient hybrid system integrating a planar Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) and a turbogenerator. The following activities have been carried out during this reporting period: {lg_bullet} Conceptual system design trade studies were performed {lg_bullet} Part-load performance analysis was conducted {lg_bullet} Primary system concept was down-selected {lg_bullet} Dynamic control model has been developed {lg_bullet} Preliminary heat exchanger designs were prepared {lg_bullet} Pressurized SOFC endurance testing was performed

Nguyen Minh; Faress Rahman

2002-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

85

Importance of a measurement of F(L)(X,Q**2) at HERA.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, standard perturbation theory is not necessarily reliable in general because of increasing logs at higher orders, e.g. at small x P 1qg ? ?S( 2) P 2qg ? ?2s( 2) x Pnqg ? ?ns ( 2) lnn?2(1/x) x (1) and similarly C1Lg ? ?S( 2) C2Lg ? ?s(2) x CnLg ? ?ns (...

Thorne, Robert S

86

efficiency data from AeroSys Inc, Coaire, Cold Point, First Operations...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Appliance Data - Central Air Conditioners - 2010 View 2010 energy efficiency data from AeroSys Inc, Coaire, Cold Point, First Operations, LG Electronics, Nordyne, and Quietside...

87

Manufacturing Growth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... report, even the lithium-ion batteries used in Chevy's much anticipated electric car, the Volt, are supplied by South Korean battery manufacturer LG ...

2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

88

DOE Receives Responses on the Implementation of Large-Capacity...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

units. We received responses from several parties, which can be found below. Alliance Laundry Systems EarthJustice Electrolux GE Appliances and Lighting LG Electronics Whirlpool...

89

Attitudes toward offshore oil development: A summary of current evidence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Press; 1968. [11] Offshore Staff. Deep sea drillingproject completes second leg. Offshore 1969:6772. [12] Weeks LG. Offshore operations around the world. Offshore

Gramling, R; Freudenburg, Wm R

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

ECOtality North America  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Department of Water and Power LEV Low Emissions Vehicle LG&E Louisville Gas & Electric LNG Liquid Natural Gas MECO Maui Electric Company MUNI Municipal Owned Utility Company...

91

Duct Leakage Modeling in EnergyPlus and Analysis of Energy Savings from Implementing SAV with InCITeTM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

plywood p.25.5 2005 ASHRAE Hdbk of Fundamentals LgOffVAV.idfplywood p.25.5 2005 ASHRAE Hdbk of Fundamentals Thickness

Wray, Craig

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Media Conference Call Advisory: U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy's Argonne National Laboratory, General Motors and LG Chem to discuss advanced battery material Media Conference Call Advisory: U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National...

93

Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.7 Appliances  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

1 2008 Microwave Oven Manufacturer Market Shares (Percent of Products Produced) Company Market Share (%) LG Electronics (Goldstar) 33% Sharp 15% Samsung 15% Daewoo 7% Matsushita...

94

Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.7 Appliances  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

8 2008 Clothes Washer Manufacturer Market Shares (Percent of Products Produced) Company Market Share (%) Whirlpool 64% Maytag (1) GE 16% Electrolux (Frigidaire) 6% LG Electronics...

95

NR_article  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... (31). It should be noted here that the Green's function has the correct asymptotic property of Eq. 12, namely, ... 2 LG Parratt. Phys. Rev., 95:359, 1954. ...

96

Extraction of Aromatic Hydrocarbons with Triethylene Glycol ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

introduced in LG 35-8/300B benzene reforming unit. (Kirishinefteorgsintez Production Association). The sulfolane content in the extractant was gradually brought...

97

Nuclear Fuels and Materials: Jon Carmack, Idaho National Laboratory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 28, 2012 ... w w w .in. l.g o v. Nuclear Fuels and Materials. Jon Carmack. Nuclear Fuels and Materials Division. Idaho National Laboratory. February 28...

98

2006 TMS Fall Extraction and Processing Meeting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Yoon Bong HAHN, Chonbuk National University, Korea Seongwon KANG, LG- Nikko, Korea Yong-Hack LEE, Korea Zinc, Korea Chang Hee (Peter) RHEE,...

99

Publications Portal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Elements of Biological Interest in the Energy Region 5 ... Luggage, ed. by LG Gazs {?} and CC Ponta Published ... the method of choice of today's terrorist ...

2012-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

100

NETL 2004 News Releases  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

November 30, 2004 Kentucky Research Foundation Signs 9 Million Clean Coal Agreement The University of Kentucky Research Foundation, along with CEMEX USA and LG&E Energy...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lg latvia gv" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Energy star product specification development framework: Using data and analysis to make program decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

specification. Whirlpool, Frigidaire and LG ElectronicsGeorge Permaza (Frigidaire Home Products), Bonsang Koo andW hirlpool Fedders Frigidaire US EPA received updated market

McWhinney, Marla; Fanara, Andrew; Clark, Robin; Hershberg, Craig; Schmeltz, Rachel; Roberson, Judy

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Building and Fire Publications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Blevins, LG; Investigation of Oil and Gas Well Fires ... KB; Bouldin, C. Simulation of Oil Tank Fires ... Baum, HR; Rehm, RG; Smoke Production From Large ...

103

Energy Crossroads: Utility Energy Efficiency Programs Kentucky...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Crossroads Index Utility Energy Efficiency Programs Index Suggest a Listing Duke Energy (Kentucky) Information for Businesses LG&E Information for Businesses KU...

104

Selected Trace Elements in the Sacramento River, California: Occurrence and Distribution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(Gaillardet et al. 2003; Alpers et al. 2000a). Drainage from abandoned or inactive mines, such as those, thallium, thulium, uranium, vanadium, tungsten, yttrium, ytterbium, zinc, and zirconium--were measured ranged from 900 lg/L at Spring Creek (Iron Mountain acid mine drainage into Keswick Reservoir) to 0.65 lg

105

Discovering role of linguistic geometry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Linguistic Geometry (LG) is a type of game theory for extensive discrete games scalable to the level of real life defense systems. LG was developed by generalizing experiences of the advanced chess players. In this paper we summarize experiences of highly ... Keywords: ancient warfare, artificial intelligence, game theory, linguistic geometry, search

Boris Stilman; Vladimir Yakhnis; Oleg Umanskiy

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Geometrical Aspects of Multiple Correspondence Analysis: Implications for the Coordinate Scaling Debate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NissanSentra PlymouthColt PontiacLeMans SubaruJusty* ToyotaCelica Toyota Tercel* VolkswagonGolf* Yugo GV* Body style"starion [] nissan centra toyota tercel a rauch better ford

Donna L. Hoffman; Jan de Leeuw

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

??????????? PowerPoint  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

EXPLOSIVES Y.A. Aminov, V.I. Volkov, V.P. Voronina, G.V. Kovalenko, N.S. Eskov, Y.R. Nikitenko The presentation discusses results obtained in the numerical simulation of...

108

Some aspects of superconducting accelerator design  

SciTech Connect

The performance of an accelerator can be characterized by the efficiency with which electrical energy, the minimumm energy needed to generate a given beam voltage. The current accelerator improvement program at SLAC aims at raising the beam voltage to 50 GV which will use 240 klystrons each capable of producing a pulse 5 ..mu..s in length at a peak power of 36 MW. The Linear Collider requires 50 MW klystrons to achieve 60 GV which will raise the concomittant power consumption to 32.3 MW. We show that with superconducting elements we can increase the rf and ac conversion efficiencies and achieve the necessary 50 GV using only 1/3 of the present power requirements, provided that we exclude CW operation. We will further demonstrate that this increase in efficiency is crucial and highly significant in the design of a proposed 1000 GV linear accelerator.

Farkas, Z.D.; St. Lorant, S.J.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Hybrid System for Distributed Power Generation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report summarizes the work performed by Honeywell during the January 2002 to March 2002 reporting period under Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-01NT40779 for the U. S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory (DOE/NETL) entitled ''Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Hybrid System for Distributed Power Generation''. The main objective of this project is to develop and demonstrate the feasibility of a highly efficient hybrid system integrating a planar Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) and a turbogenerator. For this reporting period the following activities have been carried out: {lg_bullet} Conceptual system design trade studies were performed {lg_bullet} System-level performance model was created {lg_bullet} Dynamic control models are being developed {lg_bullet} Mechanical properties of candidate heat exchanger materials were investigated {lg_bullet} SOFC performance mapping as a function of flow rate and pressure was completed

Nguyen Minh

2002-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

110

Energy Blog | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5, 2011 5, 2011 "Smart Windows" seen at light and dark settings. | Photo Courtesy of SAGE Electrochromics, Inc., by Susan Fleck Photography Making Smart Windows Smarter This new type of glass that could drastically help you control the temperature of your home. "Smart windows" could save 1 quadrillion BTUs of energy each year - more than 1 percent of the nation's annual energy consumption, or more than $10 billion in annual energy costs. April 4, 2011 Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman meets with President Zatlers of Latvia | DOE photo: Ken Shipp Deputy Secretary of Energy Meets with President of Latvia Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman met with President Zatlers of Latvia. Read more. April 4, 2011 The Florida International University team | courtesy of the FIU team

111

Towards an Assessment of Public Library Value: Statistics on the Policy Makers' Agenda  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents methodology, early findings, possible applications of results and lessons learnt from the research study "Public libraries: value, trust and satisfaction". The study was conducted in Latvia as the part of the impact assessment plan ... Keywords: Information Ecology, Information Needs, Public Libraries, Satisfaction, Trust, Value

Kristine Paberza

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

ABSORPTION HEAT PUMP IN THE DISTRICT HEATING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;ABSORPTION HEAT PUMP IN THE DISTRICT HEATING PLANT Dr.sc.ing. Agnese Lickrastina M.Sc. Normunds European Heat Pump Summit 2013, Nuremberg, 15-16.10.2013 · Riga District Heating company · Operation #12;JSC RGAS SILTUMS · the biggest District Heating company in Latvia and in the Baltic states

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

113

CONSULTING ASSISTANCE ON ECONOMIC REFORM II DISCUSSION PAPERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­ Azerbaijan, BGR - Bulgaria, BLR ­ Belarus, CZE ­ Czech Republic, EST ­ Estonia, GEO ­ Georgia, HUN ­ Hungary, Russia 6. The Caucasus: Azerbaijan, Georgia, Armenia 7. Central Asia: Turkmenistan, Tajikistan 1992: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Lithuania, Latvia

114

www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the immediate natural gas demand of Latvia but also re-fills the Latvian underground gas storage facility-filling of the storage for winter - Inculkalns facility failure - total disruption (winter) - 5% reliant on natural gas in place designed to mitigate the effects of a disruption. Keywords Natural Gas, security of supply, Baltic

Aickelin, Uwe

115

East Coast (PADD 1) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

198 119 2004-2013 Japan 4 4 2 109 5 291 1993-2013 Kazakhstan 126 151 44 1995-2013 Korea, South 249 335 211 112 96 1995-2013 Kyrgyzstan 1995-2003 Latvia 332 328 320 324 322...

116

Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

870 1,250 919 437 1995-2012 Kazakhstan 5,242 3,812 8,513 10,328 4,693 2,917 1995-2012 Korea, South 4,501 5,936 5,372 6,401 8,785 7,044 1993-2012 Kyrgyzstan 16 1995-2010 Latvia...

117

FSU/Eastern Europe: Russia spearheads small upturn  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper discusses the political and legal scene in Russia, domestic restructuring, exploration, drilling, development by Western companies and by Russian companies, and production. Exploration and development in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Serbia are also discussed.

NONE

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

31 - 5040 of 26,777 results. 31 - 5040 of 26,777 results. Download Audit Report: OAS-L-06-02 Property Transfers at the East Tennessee Technology Park http://energy.gov/ig/downloads/audit-report-oas-l-06-02 Download LG Electronics U.S.A. v. DOE, Stipulation of Voluntary Dismissal LG Electronics U.S.A., Inc. v. U.S. Dept. of Energy, Civil Action Number 1:09-cv-02297-JDB - LG voluntarily dismissed its claims against the DOE and agrees to remove the ENERGY STAR labels from various refrigerator-freezers. http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/lg-electronics-usa-v-doe-stipulation-voluntary-dismissal Download EIS-0409: Final Environmental Impact Statement Kemper County Integrated Gasification Combined-Cycle (IGCC) Project http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/eis-0409-final-environmental-impact-statement

119

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

691 - 8700 of 28,905 results. 691 - 8700 of 28,905 results. Download TEE-0025- In the Matter of LG Electronics, Inc. This Decision and Order considers an Application for Exception filed by LG Electronics, Inc. (LG) seeking exception relief from the provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program for... http://energy.gov/oha/downloads/tee-0025-matter-lg-electronics-inc Download EIS-0128-SA-01: Record of Decision Los Banos-Gates Transmission Project http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/eis-0128-sa-01-record-decision Download FIA-12-0051- In the Matter of William Berger On October 9, 2012, the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) issued a decision denying an appeal from a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) determination issued by the Department of Energy's National... http://energy.gov/oha/downloads/fia-12-0051-matter-william-berger

120

Department of Energy to Take Steps to Remove ENERGY STAR Label on Certain  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Department of Energy to Take Steps to Remove ENERGY STAR Label on Department of Energy to Take Steps to Remove ENERGY STAR Label on Certain LG Refrigerator-Freezer Models Department of Energy to Take Steps to Remove ENERGY STAR Label on Certain LG Refrigerator-Freezer Models December 7, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC - The Department of Energy announced today that as part of the expanded enforcement efforts under the ENERGY STAR® program, effective January 2, 2010, certain LG French-door refrigerator-freezers are banned from using the ENERGY STAR® label that helps consumers identify energy efficient products that will reduce their energy use and save them money. DOE is proceeding with this action after multiple independent labs have confirmed that when certain LG French-door refrigerator-freezers are tested using existing DOE test procedures, they do not qualify for the ENERGY

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lg latvia gv" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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121

Product Efficiency Cases | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

November 22, 2005 November 22, 2005 TEE-0024 - In the Matter of Refricenter International This Decision and Order considers an Application for Exception filed by Refricenter International (Refricenter), seeking exception relief from the provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, pertaining to energy conservation standards for central air conditioners and heat pumps (Air Conditioner Standards). Refricenter imports and markets air November 9, 2005 TEE-0025 - In the Matter of LG Electronics, Inc. This Decision and Order considers an Application for Exception filed by LG Electronics, Inc. (LG) seeking exception relief from the provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers and Freezers (Refrigerator Efficiency Standards). In its exception request, LG

122

Department of Energy to Take Steps to Remove ENERGY STAR Label on Certain  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to Take Steps to Remove ENERGY STAR Label on to Take Steps to Remove ENERGY STAR Label on Certain LG Refrigerator-Freezer Models Department of Energy to Take Steps to Remove ENERGY STAR Label on Certain LG Refrigerator-Freezer Models December 7, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC - The Department of Energy announced today that as part of the expanded enforcement efforts under the ENERGY STAR® program, effective January 2, 2010, certain LG French-door refrigerator-freezers are banned from using the ENERGY STAR® label that helps consumers identify energy efficient products that will reduce their energy use and save them money. DOE is proceeding with this action after multiple independent labs have confirmed that when certain LG French-door refrigerator-freezers are tested using existing DOE test procedures, they do not qualify for the ENERGY

123

Media Conference Call Advisory: U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Media Conference Call Advisory: U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne Media Conference Call Advisory: U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory, General Motors and LG Chem to discuss advanced battery material Media Conference Call Advisory: U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory, General Motors and LG Chem to discuss advanced battery material January 4, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis January 5, 2011 - The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory, General Motors and LG Chem plan to make an announcement about advanced lithium-ion battery technology for electrified vehicles. At 2:30 p.m., ET on Thursday, January 6, 2011, DOE Acting Under Secretary Cathy Zoi; Argonne Lab's Director Eric Issacs; GM Ventures President, Jon Lauckner; and LG Chem Power Inc.'s Mohamed Alamgir, will hold a media

124

Curiosity Rover Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

): SAM--Chemical and isotopic composition, including organics CheMin--Mineralogy Environmental www.nasa.gov LG-2012-03-052-HQ Gale Crater--Curiosity Landing Site Curiosity will land at the foot

125

TV Energy Consumption Trends and Energy-Efficiency Improvement Options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D Technology and its Display Trends. DisplaySearch, 20102010. 3D TV Technology Trend and Forecast LG Electronics,Price et al. 2006. Sectoral Trends in Global Energy Use and

Park, Won Young

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

&L--The Conservation Group Proven Alternatives LG&E--Enertech Rose Technology (Canada) NEES--AllEnergy Sycom (merged York State Electric & Gas cut direct energy-efficiency spending from $475 and $44 million respectively

127

Lower bound techniques for data structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe new techniques for proving lower bounds on data-structure problems, with the following broad consequences: * the first [omega](lg n) lower bound for any dynamic problem, improving on a bound that had been ...

P?tra?cu, Mihai

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

THE SOGGY SADDLE THEORY OF FISSION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOGGY SADDLE THEORY OF FISSION L.G. Moretto and G. GuarinoMIWW The soggy saddle theory of fission L.6. Moretto and G.transition state theory of fission is generalized to allow

Moretto, L.G.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

THERMODYNAMIC DATA FOR FLUE-GAS DESULFURIZATION PROCESSES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

De Carvalho, J. Chern. Thermodynamics D. Detry, J. Drowart,Vanderzee, J. Chern. Thermodynamics ! Q,lll3-36 (1978). (43)L.G. Hepler, J. Chern. Thermodynamics~~ (45) J.E. Desnoyers,

Brewer, Leo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

ABAA - 6th International Conference on Advanced Lithium Batteries...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sponsors Gold Level ALO.jpg BRENTONICS.jpg BASF.JPG Silver Level PEC.JPG posco ecopro sinopoly Bronze Level MACCOR.jpg Miltec.jpg lg chem hydro quebec logo Last update: June 5...

131

PowerPoint Presentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Out CO2 Recycle High Lean Loading & LG P * CO2 0.005 bar From Fast CO 2 Rate Storage Spray Recycle Intercooling more cooling & area 70 o Packing, 350 m 2 m 3 less P,more...

132

Communications  

kg 1) and high volumetric ( 82 gmH 2 L 1) densities of hydrogen ... 1900 m2gm , porous volume: 1.2 mLg 1; b) TEM ultratome cross-sectional image of ...

133

EV-13  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

?a71 2.z' 1. lg EV-13 Notification of Xced for So?e Form of Reoedial Action, in Ikyo Ca;op., Los Alanos, New Mexico s. lkycrs, HEI-90 4 EVIXT has dctcrnincd that portions of...

134

solution of monotone complementarity and general convex ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In Section 3.1 we show that if f satisfies SLC (and consequently so does F), then ...... Phonebook.aspx?lg=showcommon&id=f30a529b-4c6b-4642-a67b-...

135

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

11 - 1820 of 28,905 results. 11 - 1820 of 28,905 results. Download Technical Standards Newsletter- February 2000 The Standards Forum and Standards Actions, February 2000 http://energy.gov/hss/downloads/technical-standards-newsletter-february-2000 Download EA-1584: Final Environmental Assessment Sand Point Wind Installation Project Sand Point, Alaska http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/ea-1584-final-environmental-assessment Download LG Electronics v. DOE- Defendants' Brief in Opposition to Plaintiff LG Electronics' Motion for a Preliminary Injunction December 23, 2009 http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/lg-electronics-v-doe-defendants-brief-opposition-plaintiff-lg-electronics-motion Download CX-008818: Categorical Exclusion Determination Utility Corridor Extension CX(s) Applied: B4.7, B4.11, B5.2, B5.5

136

Publication Information and Contributors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...Hill Carpenter Technology Corporation Albert L. Hoffmanner Manufacturing Technologies William F. Hosford University of Michigan L.G. Housefield Pratt & Whitney Dennis Huffman The Timken Company (Retired) Warren H. Hunt, Jr. Aluminum Consultants

137

IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

COLUMBIA COLUMBIA LG ELECTRONICS U.S.A., INC., ) ) Plaintiff, ) ) v. ) Civil Action No. 09-2297 (JDB) ) UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ) ENERGY and STEVEN CHU, PHD, ) in his official capacity as United States ) Secretary of Energy, ) ) Defendants. ) ) DEFENDANTS' BRIEF IN OPPOSITION TO PLAINTIFF LG ELECTRONICS' MOTION FOR A PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION Case 1:09-cv-02297-JDB Document 10 Filed 12/23/09 Page 1 of 52 TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 BACKGROUND . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 I. The ENERGY STAR Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

138

Breakdown Limits on Gigavolt-per-Meter Electron-Beam-Driven Wakefields in Dielectric Structures  

SciTech Connect

First measurements of the breakdown threshold in a dielectric subjected to GV/m wakefields produced by short (30-330 fs), 28.5 GeV electron bunches have been made. Fused silica tubes of 100 {micro}m inner diameter were exposed to a range of bunch lengths, allowing surface dielectric fields up to 27 GV/m to be generated. The onset of breakdown, detected through light emission from the tube ends, is observed to occur when the peak electric field at the dielectric surface reaches 13.8 {+-} 0.7 GV/m. The correlation of structure damage to beam-induced breakdown is established using an array of postexposure inspection techniques.

Thompson, M.C.; /UCLA /LLNL, Livermore; Badakov, H.; Cook, A.M.; Rosenzweig, J.B.; Tikhoplav, R.; Travish, G.; /UCLA; Blumenfeld, I.; Hogan, M.J.; Ischebeck, R.; Kirby, N.; Siemann, R.; Walz, D.; /SLAC; Muggli, P.; /Southern California U.; Scott, A.; /UC, Santa Barbara; Yoder, R.B.; /Manhattan Coll., Riverdale

2008-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

139

An improved criterion for new particle formation in diverse environments  

SciTech Connect

A dimensionless theory for new particle formation (NPF) was developed, using an aerosol population balance model incorporating recent developments in nucleation rates and measured particle growth rates. Based on this theoretical analysis, it was shown that a dimensionless parameter Lg, characterizing the ratio of the particle scavenging loss rate to the particle growth rate, exclusively determined whether or not NPF would occur on a particular day. This parameter determines the probability that a nucleated particle will grow to a detectable size before being lost by coagulation with the pre-existing aerosol. Cluster-cluster coagulation was shown to contribute negligibly to this survival probability under conditions pertinent to the atmosphere. Data acquired during intensive measurement campaigns in Tecamac (MILAGRO), Atlanta (ANARChE), Boulder, and Hyytiala (QUEST II, QUEST IV, and EUCAARI) were used to test the validity of Lg as an NPF criterion. Measurements included aerosol size distributions down to 3 nm and gas-phase sulfuric acid concentrations. The model was applied to 77 NPF events and 19 non-events (characterized by growth of pre-existing aerosol without NPF) measured in diverse environments with broad ranges in sulfuric acid concentrations, ultrafine number concentrations, aerosol surface areas, and particle growth rates (nearly two orders of magnitude). Across this diverse data set, a nominal value of Lg = 0.7 was found to determine the boundary for the occurrence of NPF, with NPF occurring when Lg < 0.7 and being suppressed when Lg > 0.7. Moreover, nearly 45% of measured Lg values associated with NPF fell in the relatively narrow range of 0.1 < Lg < 0.3.

Kuang, C.; Riipinen, I.; Sihto, S.-L.; Kulmala, M.; McCormick, A.; McMurry, P.

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

140

Interband transitions and interference effects in superconducting qubits  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate phase-sensitive interference effects in a periodically sin(2 f rf t)-driven, artificial two-state system connected to a microwave resonator at f LC 800 MHz. We observe two ... Keywords: 73.23.Hk, 85.25.Cp, 85.35.Gv, Aharonov---Anandan phase, Franck---Condon physics, Landau---Zener tunneling, Multiphoton transitions, Superconducting qubits

Antti Paila; Jani Tuorila; Mika Sillanp; David Gunnarsson; Jayanta Sarkar; Yuriy Makhlin; Erkki Thuneberg; Pertti Hakonen

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lg latvia gv" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Self-homodyne RF-optical microdisk receiver  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

modulation with optical transfer function (Po VRF 2 ) Self-homodyne RF-photonic receiver f ip Nonlinear and nonlinear modulation Transmittedoptical power t Wavelength t t Linear (Po VRF) Nonlinear (Po VRF 2) VRF ),,,,,( , 0 2 0 2 2 tPQGf dV Pd N EinoV VRF RF == = Microdisk optical mixer (laser= res) GV : voltage gain Q

Levi, Anthony F. J.

142

Studies of laser wakefield structures and electron acceleration in underdense plasmasa...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a0 1 can be estimated as E eEwfLdph, where Ewf ne cm-3 V/cm is the plasma wave amplitude, providing energy observed in the experi- ment. The corresponding wakefield amplitudes are Ewf=0.32 GV/cm and Ewf=0 amplitude dependence Ewf ne and hence electron energy gain on plasma density and for the dephasing lengths

Shvets, Gennady

143

COMPUTER-AIDED TRANSLATION AN INDUSTRY SURVEY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

u s i n e s s School, this report is essential to anyone in the translation field. The report. ii·.·:··~i / / "An exceptionally important and original publication not merely for English but lin- ·: ' Gv :i:iii?i:iii ~:!;:::guistics and science as well." - Neoterm. iiii!i~i:~i Over 1/4 million

144

Proceedings of ICRC 2001: 4056 c Copernicus Gesellschaft 2001 Geomagnetic cutoff Penumbra structure: Approach by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proceedings of ICRC 2001: 4056 c Copernicus Gesellschaft 2001 ICRC 2001 Geomagnetic cutoff Penumbra) and on the geomagnetic activity level. We study TF using Tsyganenko'89 field model with rigidity steps R=10-5 GV ­ 10-tracing of the primary particle's trajectories in the model geomagnetic field starting from the site and inverting

Usoskin, Ilya G.

145

Eulerian Numerical Techniques  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Gavrilova E.S., Goncharov E.A., Gorbenko A.D., Gorodnichev A.V., Gubkov E.V., Guzhova A.R., Degtyarenko L.I., Zharova G.V., Kolobyanin V.Yu., Sofronov V.N., Stadnik A.L., Khovrin...

146

In neuem Gewand und mit einer komplett neu angelegten Nutzerfhrung prsentiert sich die Internetseite der Max-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

14 Millionen Menschen leben in Mumbai, der Finanzmetropole Indiens. #12;PERSPEKTIVEN Foto:MPIfürChemie Max-Planck-Institut für Chemie hat zusammen mit seinem Kollegen Flori- an Wittmann und Maria Teresa, die über presse@gv.mpg.de auf Deutsch oder Englisch bestellt werden kann, wurden die Langtexte von

147

Review: 1991 industry developments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is NUEXCO`s annual summary of the previous year`s (1991) events. There are reviews of major nuclear developments in each continent, as well as international developments. Specific topics include fuels, waste management, new facilities, and decommissioning. Nuclear activities in the following countries are noted: South Africa, Yemen, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Namibia, France, Japan, Taiwan, China, Korea, India, Pakistan, Federal Republic of Germany, Spain, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Italy, Czechoslovakia, United Kingdom, Switzerland, Canada, USA, Argentina, Brazil, and Uraguay.

NONE

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Albany, OR * Anchorage, AK * Morgantown, WV * Pittsburgh, PA * Sugar Land, TX  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Model Development-LG Fuel Model Development-LG Fuel Cell Systems Background In this congressionally directed project, LG Fuel Cell Systems Inc. (LGFCS), formerly known as Rolls-Royce Fuel Cell Systems (US) Inc., is developing a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) multi-physics code (MPC) for performance calculations of their fuel cell structure to support product design and development. The MPC is based in the computational fluid dynamics software package STAR-CCM+ (from CD-adapco) which has been enhanced with new models that allow for coupled simulations of fluid flow, porous flow, heat transfer, chemical, electrochemical and current flow processes in SOFCs. Simulations of single cell, five-cell, substrate and bundle models have been successfully validated against experimental data obtained by LGFCS. The MPC is being

149

Special Report: OAS-RA-13-10 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3-10 3-10 Special Report: OAS-RA-13-10 February 8, 2013 The Department of Energy's Management of the Award of a $150 Million Recovery Act Grant to LG Chem Michigan Inc The Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program was established to develop and deploy efficient and environmentally friendly highway transportation technologies to reduce the Nation's dependence on foreign oil and provide greater energy security. The Vehicle Technologies Program received $2.4 billion under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act) for these purposes. In February 2010, LG Chem Michigan Inc. (LG Chem Michigan), formerly Compact Power, Inc., was awarded more than $150 million in Recovery Act funding to help construct a $304 million battery cell manufacturing plant in Holland, Michigan. On October

150

Flux pinning characteristics in cylindrical ingot niobium used in superconducting radio frequency cavity fabrication  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the results of from DC magnetization and penetration depth measurements of cylindrical bulk large-grain (LG) and fine-grain (FG) niobium samples used for the fabrication of superconducting radio frequency (SRF) cavities. The surface treatment consisted of electropolishing and low temperature baking as they are typically applied to SRF cavities. The magnetization data were fitted using a modified critical state model. The critical current density Jc and pinning force Fp are calculated from the magnetization data and their temperature dependence and field dependence are presented. The LG samples have lower critical current density and pinning force density compared to FG samples which implies a lower flux trapping efficiency. This effect may explain the lower values of residual resistance often observed in LG cavities than FG cavities.

Dhavale Ashavai, Pashupati Dhakal, Anatolii A Polyanskii, Gianluigi Ciovati

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Phonons with orbital angular momentum  

SciTech Connect

Ion accoustic waves or phonon modes are studied with orbital angular momentum (OAM) in an unmagnetized collissionless uniform plasma, whose constituents are the Boltzmann electrons and inertial ions. For this purpose, we have employed the fluid equations to obtain a paraxial equation in terms of ion density perturbations and discussed its Gaussian beam and Laguerre-Gauss (LG) beam solutions. Furthermore, an approximate solution for the electrostatic potential problem is presented, allowing to express the components of the electric field in terms of LG potential perturbations. The energy flux due to phonons is also calculated and the corresponding OAM is derived. Numerically, it is shown that the parameters such as azimuthal angle, radial and angular mode numbers, and beam waist, strongly modify the profiles of the phonon LG potential. The present results should be helpful in understanding the phonon mode excitations produced by Brillouin backscattering of laser beams in a uniform plasma.

Ayub, M. K. [Theoretical Plasma Physics Division, PINSTECH, P. O. Nilore, Islamabad (Pakistan); National Centre for Physics, Shahdra Valley Road, Quaid-i-Azam University Campus, Islamabad 44000 (Pakistan); Ali, S. [National Centre for Physics, Shahdra Valley Road, Quaid-i-Azam University Campus, Islamabad 44000 (Pakistan); Mendonca, J. T. [IPFN, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Av. Rovisco Pais 1, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

152

An improved criterion for new particle formation in diverse environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A dimensionless theory for new particle formation (NPF) was developed, using an aerosol population balance model incorporating recent developments in nucleation rates and measured particle growth rates. Based on this theoretical analysis, it was shown that a dimensionless parameter Lg, characterizing the ratio of the particle scavenging loss rate to the particle growth rate, exclusively determined whether or not NPF would occur on a particular day. This parameter determines the probability that a nucleated particle will grow to a detectable size before being lost by coagulation with the pre-existing aerosol. Cluster-cluster coagulation was shown to contribute negligibly to this survival probability under conditions pertinent to the atmosphere. Data acquired during intensive measurement campaigns in Tecamac (MILAGRO), Atlanta (ANARChE), Boulder, and Hyytiala (QUEST II, QUEST IV, and EUCAARI) were used to test the validity of Lg as an NPF criterion. Measurements included aerosol size distributions down to 3 nm and gas-phase sulfuric acid concentrations. The model was applied to 77 NPF events and 19 non-events (characterized by growth of pre-existing aerosol without NPF) measured in diverse environments with broad ranges in sulfuric acid concentrations, ultrafine number concentrations, aerosol surface areas, and particle growth rates (nearly two orders of magnitude). Across this diverse data set, a nominal value of Lg = 0.7 was found to determine the boundary for the occurrence of NPF, with NPF occurring when Lg 0.7. Moreover, nearly 45% of measured Lg values associated with NPF fell in the relatively narrow range of 0.1 < Lg < 0.3.

Kuang, C.; Riipinen, I.; Sihto, S.-L.; Kulmala, M.; McCormick, A.; McMurry, P.

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

153

Gas Storage Technology Consortium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gas storage is a critical element in the natural gas industry. Producers, transmission and distribution companies, marketers, and end users all benefit directly from the load balancing function of storage. The unbundling process has fundamentally changed the way storage is used and valued. As an unbundled service, the value of storage is being recovered at rates that reflect its value. Moreover, the marketplace has differentiated between various types of storage services and has increasingly rewarded flexibility, safety, and reliability. The size of the natural gas market has increased and is projected to continue to increase towards 30 trillion cubic feet (TCF) over the next 10 to 15 years. Much of this increase is projected to come from electric generation, particularly peaking units. Gas storage, particularly the flexible services that are most suited to electric loads, is crucial in meeting the needs of these new markets. To address the gas storage needs of the natural gas industry, an industry-driven consortium was created - the Gas Storage Technology Consortium (GSTC). The objective of the GSTC is to provide a means to accomplish industry-driven research and development designed to enhance the operational flexibility and deliverability of the nation's gas storage system, and provide a cost-effective, safe, and reliable supply of natural gas to meet domestic demand. This report addresses the activities for the quarterly period of January1, 2007 through March 31, 2007. Key activities during this time period included: {lg_bullet} Drafting and distributing the 2007 RFP; {lg_bullet} Identifying and securing a meeting site for the GSTC 2007 Spring Proposal Meeting; {lg_bullet} Scheduling and participating in two (2) project mentoring conference calls; {lg_bullet} Conducting elections for four Executive Council seats; {lg_bullet} Collecting and compiling the 2005 GSTC Final Project Reports; and {lg_bullet} Outreach and communications.

Joel L. Morrison; Sharon L. Elder

2007-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

154

Manufacturing the future: The next era of global growth and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. M a n u fa c tu rin g th e fu tu re: T h en e x te ra o fg lo b a lg ro w th a n d in n o va tio n McKinsey Global Institute McKinsey Global Institute ...

155

Kheshbn No. 3 - October 1952 - Journal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a a r a ^ i y i lyam lgB OIO Tra , i g b g i oapio 150 8 PBogbTK/*TPV (Tra ogn ;Oio^ooira-p-)g3 ira lyayboBgwaom 8 ni ^n pnayotz;i8S -ani g Tra oio^ooara .lyaybosgpaoni nypn nyi

1952-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

{sup 31}P NMR study of the complexation of TBP with lanthanides and actinides in solution and in a clay matrix  

SciTech Connect

Goal was to use NMR to study TBP/lanthanide complexes in the interlayer or on edge sites of clays. Work in this laboratory yielded details of the complexation of Eu(NO{sub 3}){sub 3} and Pr(NO{sub 3}){sub 3} with TBP in hexane solution; this information is crucial to interpretation of results of NMR studies of the complexes exchanged into clays. The solution {sup 31}P-chemical shift values were improved by repeating the studies on the lanthanide salts dissolved directly into neat TBP. NMR studies of these neat solutions of the Eu(NO{sub 3}){sub 3}{lg_bullet}3TBP-complex and the Pr(NO{sub 3}){sub 3}{lg_bullet}3TBP-complex show that the {sup 31}P chemical shift remains relatively constant for TBP: lanthanide ratios below 3: 1. At higher ratios, the chemical shift approaches that of free TBP, indicating rapid exchange of TBP between the free and complexed state. Exchange of these complexes into the clay hectorite yielded discrete {sup 31}P-NMR signals for the Eu{lg_bullet}TBP complex at -190 ppm and free TBP at -6 ppm. Adsorption of the Pr{lg_bullet}TBP complex yielded broad signals at 76 ppm for the complex and -6 ppm for free TBP. There was no evidence of exchange between the incorporated complex and the free TBP.

Hartzell, C.J. [Northern Arizona Univ., Flagstaff, AZ (United States)

1994-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

157

Introduction to Electric Systems Expansion Planning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fuel oil), jet fuel, kerosene, petroleum coke (converted to liquid petroleum, see Technical Notes (LPG) LG 12.805 per gallon 139.039 Motor Gasoline MG 19.564 per gallon 156.425 Petroleum Coke PC 32 field levels. 5. Cost of energy: The cost of electric energy, which is heavily determined by planning

McCalley, James D.

158

NDP-091  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

U. Schuster,10 R. Steinfeldt,17 I. Stendardo,18 L.G. Anderson,4 N.R. Bates,19 R.G.J. Bellerby,2,11 J. Blindheim,20 J.L. Bullister,16 N. Gruber,21 M. Ishii,22 T....

159

Satellite observations of the seasonal cycles of absorbing aerosols in Africa related to the monsoon rainfall, 1995e2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the monsoon rainfall, 1995e2008 M. de Graaf a,*, L.G. Tilstra a , I. Aben b , P. Stammes a a Royal Netherlands: Absorbing aerosols Remote sensing African monsoon Precipitation a b s t r a c t The link between the African Monsoon systems and aerosol loading in Africa is studied using multi-year satellite observations of UV

Tilstra, Gijsbert

160

Proceedings of the on Complex Interaction and Social Emergence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Novaspec II spectrophotometer, with OD600 of 1.0 equating to a dry cell weight (DCW) of approximately 0.6 g levels for the control strains BY4742:p2l and BY15616:p2l were 507.1(?44.6) lg(As)/g cells (DCW) and 460

Kemner, Ken

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lg latvia gv" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Corrections needed for Environmental Transport Processes Second Printing (After 21-January-2001), Updated 2-6-2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Novaspec II spectrophotometer, with OD600 of 1.0 equating to a dry cell weight (DCW) of approximately 0.6 g levels for the control strains BY4742:p2l and BY15616:p2l were 507.1(?44.6) lg(As)/g cells (DCW) and 460

162

The Choice of a Vertical Grid for a 2.5D Numerical Model of the Middle Atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The consequences of choosing an unstaggered grid (UG), Charney-Phillips-type grid (CPG), or Lorenz-type grid (LG) in the vertical for a 2.5D model are examined. Analytical solutions for the linearized and scaled eddy equations in spherical ...

Joseph L. Sabutis

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

A Toolsupported Proof System for Multithreaded Java #  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/9­2). #12; 2 within a single object, only, but not across object boundaries. To mirror this modularity is covered by the interference freedom test [OG76,LG81], formulated also in the local language. It has#ecting more than one instance, communication and object creation is treated in the cooperation test, using

Steffen, Martin

164

A Tool-supported Proof System for Multithreaded Java  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a single object, only, but not across object boundaries. To mirror this modularity, the assertional logic by the interference freedom test [OG76,LG81], formulated also in the local language. It has especially to accom instance, communication and object creation is treated in the cooperation test, using the global language

Steffen, Martin

165

Beschlussprotokoll der Senatssitzung vom 16. November 2010 Beschlussprotokoll der Senatssitzung vom 16. November 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chemie hat am 21. Oktober 2010 den Ruf erhalten und am 10. November 2010 mit dem Rektorat verhandelt-Professur für Indogermanistik W3-Professur für Didaktik Deutsch W3-Professur für Neuere und Neueste Deutsche, Literaturen und Kulturen, MA · Chemie, BSc · Kulturmanagement, MA · Musik, LR, LG · Musikwissenschaft, BA

Rossak, Wilhelm R.

166

DOE Review  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Review 2007 Review 2007 AWA Facility Update, High Gradient Wakefield Generation, and Future Upgrades Manoel Conde, Sergey Antipov, Felipe Franchini, Wei Gai, Feng Gao, Chunguang Jing, Richard Konecny, Wanming Liu, Jidong Long, John Power, Haitao Wang, Zikri Yusof Argonne Wakefield Accelerator Group High Energy Physics Division April 25 - 27, 2007 2 Outline Description of AWA Facililty. Wakefield structures built and tested. Measurements and simulations. List of next experiments to be performed. Plans for Facility upgrades. 3 AWA Drive Beamline Drive Gun Linac & Steering Coils Quads Wakefield Structure Experimental Chambers 4.5 m GV GV YAG1 YAG2 Spectrometer YAG5 Dump/ Faraday Cup Slits YAG4 YAG3 ICT1 ICT2 BPM Single bunch operation - Q=1-100 nC - Energy=15 MeV - High Current = 10 kAmp

167

Utility Advanced Turbine Systems Program (ATS) Technical Readiness Testing and Pre-Commercial Demonstration  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the ATS program is to develop ultra-high efficiency, environmentally superior and cost competitive gas turbine systems for base load application in utility, independent power producer and industrial markets. Specific performance targets have been set using natural gas as the primary fuel: {lg_bullet} System efficiency that will exceed 60%(lower heating value basis) on natural gas for large scale utility turbine systems; for industrial applications, systems that will result in a 15% improvement in heat rate compared to currently available gas turbine systems. {lg_bullet} An environmentally superior system that will not require the use of post combustion emissions controls under full load operating conditions. {lg_bullet} Busbar energy costs that are 10% less than current state-of-the-art turbine systems, while meeting the same environmental requirements. {lg_bullet} Fuel-flexible designs that will operate on natural gas but are capable of being adapted to operate on coal-derived or biomass fuels. {lg_bullet} Reliability-Availability-Maintainability (RAM) that is equivalent to the current turbine systems. {lg_bullet} Water consumption minimized to levels consistent with cost and efficiency goals. {lg_bullet} Commercial systems that will enter the market in the year 2000. In Phase I of the ATS program, Siemens Westinghouse found that efficiency significantly increases when the traditional combined-cycle power plant is reconfigured with closed-loop steam cooling of the hot gas path. Phase II activities involved the development of a 318MW natural gas fired turbine conceptual design with the flexibility to burn coal-derived and biomass fuels. Phases I and II of the ATS program have been completed. Phase III, the current phase, completes the research and development activities and develops hardware specifications from the Phase II conceptual design. This report summarizes Phase III extension activities for a three month period. Additional details may be found in monthly technical progress reports covering the period stated on the cover of this report. Background information regarding the work to be completed in Phase III may be found in the revised proposal submitted in response to A Request for Extension of DE-FC21-95MC32267, dated May 29, 1998 and the Continuing Applications of DE-FC21-95MC32267, dated March 31, 1999 and November 19, 1999.

Siemens Westinghouse

2000-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

168

Utility Advanced Turbine Systems Program (ATS) Technical Readiness Testing and Pre-Commercial Demonstration  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the ATS program is to develop ultra-high efficiency, environmentally superior and cost competitive gas turbine systems for base load application in utility, independent power producer and industrial markets. Specific performance targets have been set using natural gas as the primary fuel: {lg_bullet} System efficiency that will exceed 60%(lower heating value basis) on natural gas for large scale utility turbine systems; for industrial applications, systems that will result in a 15% improvement in heat rate compared to currently available gas turbine systems. {lg_bullet} An environmentally superior system that will not require the use of post combustion emissions controls under full load operating conditions. {lg_bullet} Busbar energy costs that are 10% less than current state-of-the-art turbine systems, while meeting the same environmental requirements. {lg_bullet} Fuel-flexible designs that will operate on natural gas but are capable of being adapted to operate on coal-derived or biomass fuels. {lg_bullet} Reliability-Availability-Maintainability (RAM) that is equivalent to the current turbine systems. {lg_bullet} Water consumption minimized to levels consistent with cost and efficiency goals. {lg_bullet} Commercial systems that will enter the market in the year 2000. In Phase I of the ATS program, Siemens Westinghouse found that efficiency significantly increases when the traditional combined-cycle power plant is reconfigured with closed-loop steam cooling of the hot gas path. Phase II activities involved the development of a 318MW natural gas fired turbine conceptual design with the flexibility to burn coal-derived and biomass fuels. Phases I and II of the ATS program have been completed. Phase III, the current phase, completes the research and development activities and develops hardware specifications from the Phase II conceptual design. This report summarizes Phase III Extension activities for a three-month period. Additional details may be found in monthly technical progress reports covering the period stated on the cover of this report. Background information regarding the work to be completed in Phase III may be found in the revised proposal submitted in response to A Request for Extension of DE-FC21-95MC32267, dated May 29, 1998 and the Continuing Applications of DE-FC21-95MC32267, dated March 31, 1999 and November 19, 1999.

Siemens Westinghouse

2001-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

169

Photonic laser-driven accelerator for GALAXIE  

SciTech Connect

We report on the design and development of an all-dielectric laser-driven accelerator to be used in the GALAXIE (GV-per-meter Acce Lerator And X-ray-source Integrated Experiment) project's compact free-electron laser. The approach of our working design is to construct eigenmodes, borrowing from the field of photonics, which yield the appropriate, highly demanding dynamics in a high-field, short wavelength accelerator. Topics discussed include transverse focusing, power coupling, bunching, and fabrication.

Naranjo, B.; Ho, M.; Hoang, P.; Putterman, S.; Valloni, A.; Rosenzweig, J. B. [UCLA Dept. of Physics and Astronomy Los Angeles, CA 90095-1547 (United States)

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

170

Raman scattering and associated fast electron production. Final technical report, April 16, 1984-April 15, 1985  

SciTech Connect

High energy electrons in plasmas have been attributed to various causes including trapping by electron plasma waves created by stimulated Raman scattering. A theory, consistent with experimental results, based on the acceleration of trapped electrons by such electron plasma waves as they propagate in the presence of a density gradient away from the region where they are created is presented. Single particle simulations show accelerating voltages as high as 20 GV/m.

Brooks, R.D.; Pietrzyk, Z.A.

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

EVOLUTION OF TRAFFIC PATTERNS IN A MULTIHOP G. Heide, C. J. Vowden, G. Willmott, N. Davies 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the FHN model we obtain1 dvt 2gv 2 1v 2 avdt 2 d Zt 0 vsexp2bdt 2 sds 1 disynt 5:5 Using our basic idea 1 2 exp2bdt vt 2 gd X1 n1 vn n! Zt 0 s 2 tn exp2bdt 2 sds 1 disynt=dt 5:17 As we have pointed out

Ould-Khaoua, Mohamed

172

USAID Europe and Eurasia Climate Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Eurasia Climate Program and Eurasia Climate Program Jump to: navigation, search Name USAID Europe and Eurasia Climate Program Agency/Company /Organization U.S. Agency for International Development Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Website http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/ Country Armenia, Republic of Macedonia, Russia, Ukraine, Poland, Kazakhstan, Hungary, Turkey, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Lithuania, Estonia, Latvia, Azerbaijan, Tajikistan Western Asia, Southern Europe, Eastern Europe, Eastern Europe, Eastern Europe, Central Asia, Eastern Europe, Western Asia, Central Asia, Central Asia, Northern Europe, Northern Europe, Northern Europe, Western Asia, Central Asia References USAID Regional Climate Programs[1]

173

User:GregZiebold/Program Maps | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Maps Maps < User:GregZiebold Jump to: navigation, search Place Coordinates A Low Carbon Economic Strategy for Scotland United Kingdom A Strategy to Engage the Private Sector in Climate Change Adaptation in Bangladesh Bangladesh A Synthesis of Agricultural Policies in Bangladesh Bangladesh ANL Wind Power Forecasting and Electricity Markets ASEAN-GIZ Regional Environmentally Sustainable Cities Programme - RESCP Brunei Cambodia Indonesia Laos Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Vietnam ASEAN-IEA Activities Indonesia Malaysia Singapore Thailand Philippines Vietnam Brunei Myanmar Cambodia Laos Action Plan for Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade (FLEGT) Belgium Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Germany Estonia Ireland Greece Spain France Italy Cyprus Latvia Lithuania

174

Industry turns its attention south  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper discusses the outlook for the gas and oil industries in the Former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Significant foreign investment continues to elude Russia`s oil and gas industry, so the Caspian nations of Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan are picking up the slack, welcoming the flow of foreign capital to their energy projects. Separate evaluations are given for Russia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Moldova, Tajikstan, Uzbekistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Serbia.

Marhefka, D. [Russian Petroleum Investor, Moscow (Russian Federation)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Biotic and Abiotic Reduction and Solubilization of Pu(IV)O2xH2O(am) as Affected by Anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonate (AQDS) and Ethylenediaminetetraacetate (EDTA)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the presence of hydrogen (H{sub 2}), the synthetic chelating agent ethylenediaminetetraacetate (EDTA), and the electron shuttle anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonate (AQDS), the dissimilatory metal-reducing bacteria (DMRB) Shewanella oneidensis and Geobacter sulfurreducens both reductively solubilized 100% of added 0.5 mM plutonium (IV) hydrous oxide (Pu(IV)O{sub 2} {lg_bullet} xH{sub 2}O{sub (am)}) in {approx}24 h at pH 7 in a non-complexing buffer. In the absence of AQDS, bioreduction was much slower ({approx}22 days) and less extensive ({approx}83-94%). In the absence of DMRB but under comparable conditions, 89% (without AQDS) to 98% (with AQDS) of added 0.5 mM PuO{sub 2} {lg_bullet} xH{sub 2}O{sub (am)} was reductively solubilized over 418 days. Under comparable conditions but in the absence of EDTA, Pu(aq) increased by as much as an order of magnitude in some EDTA-free treatments, both biotic and abiotic, and increases in solubility were associated with the production of both Pu(OH)3(am) and Pu(III)(aq). Incubation with DMRB in the absence of EDTA increased the polymeric and crystalline content of the PuO{sub 2} {lg_bullet} xH{sub 2}O{sub (am)} and also decreased Pu solubility in 6-N HCl. Results from an in vitro assay demonstrated electron transfer to PuO{sub 2} {lg_bullet} xH{sub 2}O{sub (am)} from the S. oneidensis outer-membrane c-type cytochrome MtrC, and EDTA increased the oxidation of MtrC by PuO{sub 2} {lg_bullet} xH{sub 2}O{sub (am)}. Our results suggest that PuO{sub 2} {lg_bullet} xH{sub 2}O{sub (am)} biotic and abiotic reduction and solubilization may be important in anoxic, reducing environments, especially where complexing ligands and electron shuttling compounds are present.

Plymale, Andrew E.; Bailey, Vanessa L.; Fredrickson, Jim K.; Heald, Steve M.; Buck, Edgar C.; Shi, Liang; Wang, Zheming; Resch, Charles T.; Moore, Dean A.; Bolton, Harvey

2012-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

176

Colorado Environmental Coalition v. Office of Legacy Management, Civil  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Colorado Environmental Coalition v. Office of Legacy Management, Colorado Environmental Coalition v. Office of Legacy Management, Civil Action No. 08-cv-01624 (February 27, 2012) Colorado Environmental Coalition v. Office of Legacy Management, Civil Action No. 08-cv-01624 (February 27, 2012) U.S. District Court's Order of February 27, 2012, in Colorado Environmental Coalition v. Office of Legacy Management, Civil Action No. 08-cv-01624 (D. Colo.). U.S. District Court's Order of February 27, 2012, in Colorado Environmental Coalition v. Office of Legacy Management, Civil Action No. 08-cv-01624 (D. Colo.). More Documents & Publications Colorado Environmental Coalition v. Office of Legacy Management, Civil Action No. 08-cv-01624 (October 18, 2011) LG Electronics v. DOE - Defendants' Brief in Opposition to Plaintiff LG

177

Conservation Standards Enforcement | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

March 2, 2010 March 2, 2010 Hudson-Reed: Data Request (2010-CW-1403) DOE requested test data from Hudson-Reed Limited for Hudson Reed's showerhead ("shower tower") model "AS333". March 2, 2010 Delta Faucet: Data Request (2010-SW-1603) DOE requested test data from Delta Faucet Corporation for Delta Faucet's showerhead model "In2ition 75582". January 7, 2010 Haier America: Consent Decree (2010) DOE entered into a Consent Decree with Haier America Trading, L.L.C., after DOE testing in the Energy Star Verification Testing Pilot Program showed Haier's freezer model HUF138EA, not only failed to satisfy the ENERGY STAR specification, but also failed to meet the applicable federal energy conservation standards. December 23, 2009 LG Electronics v. DOE - Defendants' Brief in Opposition to Plaintiff LG

178

City of Russell, Massachusetts (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Russell Russell Place Massachusetts Utility Id 16438 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location NPCC NERC NPCC Yes ISO NE Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png GENERAL SERVICE SCHEDULE G Industrial GENERAL SERVICE SCHEDULE G- FARM DISCOUNT Industrial LARGE GENERAL SERVICE SCHEDULE LG Industrial LARGE GENERAL SERVICE SCHEDULE LG- FARM DISCOUNT Industrial RESIDENTIAL SERVICE SCHEDULE R1 Residential RESIDENTIAL SERVICE SCHEDULE R1- FARM DISCOUNT Residential SMALL GENERAL SERVICE SCHEDULE SG Industrial SMALL GENERAL SERVICE SCHEDULE SG- FARM DISCOUNT Industrial

179

City of Sabetha, Kansas (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sabetha, Kansas (Utility Company) Sabetha, Kansas (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name City of Sabetha Place Kansas Utility Id 16518 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location SPP Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial Commercial Commercial-Rural Commercial Large power Industrial Large power-Rural Industrial Residential Residential Residential-Rural Residential Total Electricity Lg Power Industrial Total Electricity Lg Power-Rural Industrial Total Electricity Residential Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.1190/kWh

180

U.S. Department of Energy Categorical Exclusion Determination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Operation of Extrel MAX300LG Mass Spectrometer and VICI Metronics Dynacalibrator Calibration Gas Generator at 999-1W Operation of Extrel MAX300LG Mass Spectrometer and VICI Metronics Dynacalibrator Calibration Gas Generator at 999-1W Savannah River Site Aiken/Aiken/South Carolina The mass spectrometer will be used to measure the composition of gases from laboratory experiments at 999-1W. The VICI Metronics Dynacalibrator will be used to generate low concentration calibration gases; initially, mercury in nitrogen or argon calibration gases will be generated. Other calibration gases may be generated in the future B3.6 - Small-scale research and development, laboratory operations, and pilot projects Andrew R. Grainger Digitally signed by Andrew R. Grainger DN: cn=Andrew R. Grainger, o=DOE-SR, ou=EQMD, email=drew.grainger@srs.gov, c=US Date: 2011.11.30 18:44:23 -05'00'

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181

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Kentucky Incentives and Laws Kentucky Incentives and Laws The following is a list of expired, repealed, and archived incentives, laws, regulations, funding opportunities, or other initiatives related to alternative fuels and vehicles, advanced technologies, or air quality. Low Emission Vehicle Electricity Rate Incentive - Louisville Gas & Electric Expired: 08/01/2013 Louisville Gas & Electric (LG&E) offers a pilot Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) time-of-use electricity rate for residential customers who own an electric vehicle, plug-in hybrid electric vehicle, or natural gas vehicle fueled through a home fueling appliance. The rate is limited to 100 residential customers. For more information, see the LG&E LEV Pilot website. Biodiesel Education and Acquisition Grants Expired: 04/30/2013

182

Investigations of the Biological Roles of Substituted Cyclohexadienes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent years there have been two cycloterpenals, molecules consisting of a cyclohexadienal core, isolated from nature. Cyclocitral, the condensation product of citral, has been isolated from the North Sea bryozoans Flustra foliacea. In the human eyes, cycloretinal has been isolated and is a toxic by product of the vision cycle. This retinal dimer is believed to contribute to age related macular degeneration, the leading cause of blindness in the elderly. In 1992, it was discovered that if [beta]-ionylideneacetaldehyde was incubated with beta-lactoglobulin ([beta]-LG), the principal whey protein in dairy milk, that it would mediate the formation of cyclo-[beta]-ional. No follow up studies were performed on this protein mediated reaction or what biological activities these cycloterpenals may possess. This dissertation investigates the biological roles of substituted cyclohexadienes including cycloterpenals and cyclohexadiene enaminonitriles. To mimic the protein mediated reaction, we developed a synthetic procedure to produce a wide array of cycloterpenal by utilizing L-proline. Over 100 cycloterpenals were synthesized and screened for their biological activities against an array of cell based screens. The phenotypic effects of these cycloterpenals were screened against a PC12 assay where dramatic effects were observed on neurite outgrowth. During the synthesis of starting materials for the production of our cycloterpenal library, it was discovered that if excess base was added to the Horner-Wadsworth-Emmons reaction between a methyl-ketone and diethyl-(cyanomethyl)-phosphonate, conversion of the [alpha]-[beta]-unsaturated nitrile into an enaminonitrile was observed. This new synthetic procedure was optimized to generate a library of enaminonitriles as well as their quinazoline derivatives. The work within also includes the investigation of the [beta]-LG mediated reaction formation of cycloterpenals with natural and unnatural [beta]-methyl aldehydes. We were able to demonstrate that [beta]-LG could mediate the conversion of [alpha],[beta]-unsaturated aldehydes into their corresponding cycloterpenal. In vitro analysis was also performed with store bought milks and the [beta]-LG present was able to mediate the formation of cyclocitral. An in vivo experiment was also performed by utilizing New Zealand White rabbits to demonstrate the formation of cycloretinal within the blood stream by feeding a source of [beta]-LG with retinal. Interestingly, in human blood, [beta]-LG is present at concentrations of 0.7-1.2 g/dL. The protein has been identified within drusen pigments and lipofuscin granules that accumulate in the retina of macular degeneration patients. As humans do not produce beta-lactoglobulin, the source of this protein is from milk and milk products. With these experiments, we clearly demonstrate that under the appropriate conditions, cycloretinal can be produced with [beta]-LG. We have clearly established a direct link between [beta]-LG chemistry and age-related macular degeneration.

Bench, Bennie John

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Regmi Research Series ,Year 12, December 1, 1980  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.'lg .. tlons undi3l' the jajll.a.ni systeiU, " niemb'.~ rs of the occupc::..ti-;.;nal. Cf'. ~t~!;l of Sa"kis m~d !Carais were. reqllired t'"j l!l~~t certain" o.lJll.gatlo;;':i due to tht:O ' gov(lrl'l!nan1;"\\i1thvut 3.;;~T gu:!.c.l '01'0 que . Sarkis . a... .'lg .. tlons undi3l' the jajll.a.ni systeiU, " niemb'.~ rs of the occupc::..ti-;.;nal. Cf'. ~t~!;l of Sa"kis m~d !Carais were. reqllired t'"j l!l~~t certain" o.lJll.gatlo;;':i due to tht:O ' gov(lrl'l!nan1;"\\i1thvut 3.;;~T gu:!.c.l '01'0 que . Sarkis . a...

Regmi, Mahesh C

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Red-Black Trees Red-black trees are binary search trees that sat-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Red-Black Trees Red-black trees are binary search trees that sat- isfy: 1. Every node is either red or black. 2. If a node is red, then its parent is black. 3. For a given node, every path to a nil has the same number of black nodes, called black- height. A red-black tree with n nodes has h 2 lg

Bylander, Tom

185

CSP'960H/CSP-960S Installation Guide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CSP'960H/CSP-960S Installation Guide 4-634-979-01 TM Read First! 1^00 - 3lG - 755; #12;CSP-960H/CSP CSP-960H only) J Sony CDU926S CD-R Drive Unit User's Guide Use this manual as a guide to help you. If all the items are not found, please contact your Sony dealer before proceeding. G CSP-960H/960S CD

Kleinfeld, David

186

Prediction of Geneencoding regions in E.Coli DNA using an Optimal Parse  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on sequences to determine the coding regions (content). For example, Staden and McLachlan [16, 15] proposedNGn is the weight of the nth nongene sensor. LG (i; j) = X n wGn TGn (i; j) (1) LNG (i; j) = X n wNGn TNGn (i; j) (2) = log '' X n e TGn (i;j)+w Gn # \\Gamma log(KG ) +WG (3) LNG (i; j) = log '' X n e TNGn (i;j)+w NGn

California at Santa Cruz, University of

187

Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2010, 32, 145. doi:10.1017/S0272263109990246  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

d'utilisation de la logique modale : a) Géométrie d'abord -> Linguistique après (GL) En commençant structure (on passe à la linguistique (au sens large)). b) Linguistique d'abord -> Géométrie après (LG) En langage formel et est donc de nature syntactique et linguistique. Jusqu'à présent, nous avons un langage

Indiana University

188

Wall-Fluid and Liquid-Gas Interfaces of Model Colloid-Polymer Mixtures by Simulation and Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We perform a study of the interfacial properties of a model suspension of hard sphere colloids with diameter $\\sigma_c$ and non-adsorbing ideal polymer coils with diameter $\\sigma_p$. For the mixture in contact with a planar hard wall, we obtain from simulations the wall-fluid interfacial free energy, $\\gamma_{wf}$, for size ratios $q=\\sigma_p/\\sigma_c=0.6$ and 1, using thermodynamic integration, and study the (excess) adsorption of colloids, $\\Gamma_c$, and of polymers, $\\Gamma_p$, at the hard wall. The interfacial tension of the free liquid-gas interface, $\\gamma_{lg}$, is obtained following three different routes in simulations: i) from studying the system size dependence of the interfacial width according to the predictions of capillary wave theory, ii) from the probability distribution of the colloid density at coexistence in the grand canonical ensemble, and iii) for statepoints where the colloidal liquid wets the wall completely, from Young's equation relating $\\gamma_{lg}$ to the difference of wall-liquid and wall-gas interfacial tensions, $\\gamma_{wl}-\\gamma_{wg}$. In addition, we calculate $\\gamma_{wf}, \\Gamma_c$, and $\\Gamma_p$ using density functional theory and a scaled particle theory based on free volume theory. Good agreement is found between the simulation results and those from density functional theory, while the results from scaled particle theory quantitatively deviate but reproduce some essential features. Simulation results for $\\gamma_{lg}$ obtained from the three different routes are all in good agreement. Density functional theory predicts $\\gamma_{lg}$ with good accuracy for high polymer reservoir packing fractions, but yields deviations from the simulation results close to the critical point.

Andrea Fortini; Marjolein Dijkstra; Matthias Schmidt; Paul P. F. Wessels

2005-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

189

Khesbn no. 47 - June 1967 - Journal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

l$i: Dy 1y:li :.1lt-? tn ,:ttl-:tn 'Tlr"-15 nDrrl /l''llD l]'ND yrlNnu ''l ''l'11'1 ttl 1P't' 'It'lTg EyNtE rypry?tylt,'rl .lllllN lttt ltr"lg ttl tJEtNn tyn lyn ,FhN;l:rSr

Admin, LAYCC

1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Khesbn no. 108 - Autumn 1986 - Journal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

llD tyl ,T$ '}y't tgn tyl ttl '):! 'rN ItN .lrsb EyryP$tytEt! .J"lt':D ! 't l)g ,ttl J:S; D'I:)n nunD rJtI lpr56y1'J'lN) .lBi:i; F))'"r7 N ii)ttl ']i-l! :) iEE! ri: l'-,xi ! -

Admin, LAYCC

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Khesbn no. 44 - April 1966 - Journal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lsD'tii E? $r -ltN Jl$ ? p:rti prb . 'lrD ,lt''l$iyi iiltruu{n !? u'}i if' .ltltgr rti by: j'ttsllyt -1tg lg 6t35''gu)B: rJlD Ub'nlND jt'}3yr t)N rTi,li{ lyp:'n .t:N} .l"lylJt

Admin, LAYCC

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

HIGH-RESOLUTION SEISMIC VELOCITY AND ATTENUATION MODELS OF THE CAUCASUS-CASPIAN REGION  

SciTech Connect

The southwest edge of Eurasia is a tectonically and structurally complex region that includes the Caspian and Black Sea basins, the Caucasus Mountains, and the high plateaus south of the Caucasus. Using data from 25 broadband stations located in the region, new estimates of crustal and upper mantle thickness, velocity structure, and attenuation are being developed. Receiver functions have been determined for all stations. Depth to Moho is estimated using slant stacking of the receiver functions, forward modeling, and inversion. Moho depths along the Caspian and in the Kura Depression are in general poorly constrained using only receiver functions due to thick sedimentary basin sediments. The best fitting models suggest a low velocity upper crust with Moho depths ranging from 30 to 40 km. Crustal thicknesses increase in the Greater Caucasus with Moho depths of 40 to 50 km. Pronounced variations with azimuth of source are observed indicating 3D structural complexity and upper crustal velocities are higher than in the Kura Depression to the south. In the Lesser Caucasus, south and west of the Kura Depression, the crust is thicker (40 to 50 km) and upper crustal velocities are higher. Work is underway to refine these models with the event based surface wave dispersion and ambient noise correlation measurements from continuous data. Regional phase (Lg and Pg) attenuation models as well as blockage maps for Pn and Sn are being developed. Two methods are used to estimate Q: the two-station method to estimate inter-station Q and the reversed, two-station, two event method. The results are then inverted to create Lg and Pg Q maps. Initial results suggest substantial variations in both Pg and Lg Q in the region. A zone of higher Pg Q extends west from the Caspian between the Lesser and Greater Caucasus and a narrow area of higher Lg Q is observed.

Mellors, R; Gok, R; Pasyanos, M; Skobeltsyn, G; Teoman, U; Godoladze, T; Sandvol, E

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

FREE AIR PRESSURE MEASUREMENTS  

SciTech Connect

Indenter gages, Wiancko gages, and interferometer gages were used to measure air overpressure vs time at essentially ground level stations for both the surface (S) and undprground (U) atomic explosions. For the S Burst several instruments were placed on a line extending from an overpressure region of 13 psi to a region of less than one psi. The air measurements for the U Burst ranged from 32 to 2 psi. (D. L.G.)

Howard, W.J.; Jones, R.D.

1952-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

194

Citrus limonoids: seasonal changes and their potential in glutathione S-transferase induction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Seasonal changes of citrus limonids in 'Rio Red' grapefruit were investigated using reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Several citrus limonoids, limonoid mixtures and a flavonone were evaluated for their ability to induce glutathione (GSH) and glutathione S-transferase (GST) in laboratory animals. In the flesh, segment membrane and albedo part of 'Rio Red' grapefruit, limonoate A-ring lactone (LARL) decreased, while limonin 17-b-D-glucopyranoside (LG) increased during late stages of fruit growth and maturation, suggesting that LARL was converted to LG as fruit maturation continued. Since the sudden decrease of LARL and the first appearance of LG did not take place simultaneously, there might be translocations of limonoids in forms other than nomilin among different tissues of 'Rio Red' grapefruit. In the seeds, both LARL and LG increased steadily throughout the experiment. Studies conducted on the effect of citrus limonoids on GSH level and GST activity showed that certain citrus limonoids had potential to induce both GSH level and GST activity. Limonoid aglycones were more effective than their glucosides as enzyme inducers. Nomilin and aglycone mixtures were the most potent inducers. The GST inducing activity of citrus limonoids appears to be structure-related. The opened D ring and/or the addition of a glucose molecule of the limonoid glucosides may be responsible for reduced GST-inducing acivity. An intact A ring of citrus limonoids seemed to be necessary for the enzyme induction. Further research is needed to explore the absorption, distribution and metabolism of citrus limonoids in animal systems.

Li, Jiaxing

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Introduction to Computational Fluid Dynamics 424512 E #5Introduction to Computational Fluid Dynamics 424512 E #5--rzrz IntroductionIntroduction toto ComputationalComputational Fluid DynamicsFluid DynamicsIntroductionIntroduction toto ComputationalComputat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

g y mechanic, pneumatic, hydraulicmechanic, pneumatic, hydraulic -baltimore-lg.jpconveyor/coal- 1 ew.html /applications/c pne.htm m/pnu_overvie e.com/images Pneumatic conveyor / drier o.za/pro-eng-p w.mactenn.co 4 ti i i ww.protectowire ww.bateman.co 2 3 ure3:http://www 4 pneumatic conveying regimes : - Solid Dense

Zevenhoven, Ron

196

D~S: Fu~ctional  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This document is available to the public through the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161This document is disseminated under the sponsorship of the Department of Transportation in the interest of information exchange. The United States Government assumes no liability for its contents or use thereof.!.Repa,? No. 2,$.ve,.ment A.ces, i.n No, 3,e.cipients C.1.l.g No.

V. A. Orlando; P. R. Drouilhet; Ae- Retision A; Massmhusetts Imtimte Technology

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

TESTING OF TMR SAND MANTIS FINAL REPORT  

SciTech Connect

Screening tests of Sand Mantis candidate materials selected for erosion resistance have been completed. The results of this testing identified that over a relatively short period of operation (<1 hour), measurable erosion will occur in each of the candidate zoom tube materials given equal operating exposure. Additionally, this testing has shown that erosion of the rubber discharge hose directly downstream of the vehicle could be expected to limit the service life of the discharge hose. On the basis of these test results, SRNL recommends the following; {lg_bullet} redesign of critical system components (e.g., zoom tube, discharge hose) should be conducted to improve system characteristics relative to erosion and capitalize on the results of this testing, {lg_bullet} continued efforts to deploy the Sand Mantis should include testing to better define and optimize operating parameters, and gain an understanding of system dynamics, {lg_bullet} discontinue wear testing with the selected materials pending redesign of critical system components (1st recommendation) and inclusion of other candidate materials. The final selection of additional candidate materials should be made following design changes, but might include a Stellite alloy or zirconia.

Krementz, D; William Daugherty, W

2007-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

198

Cosmic ray spectral hardening due to dispersion in the source injection spectra  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent cosmic ray (CR) experiments discovered that the CR spectra experience a remarkable hardening for rigidity above several hundred GV. We propose that this is caused by the superposition of the CR energy spectra of many sources that have a dispersion in the injection spectral indices. Adopting similar parameters as those of supernova remnants derived from the Fermi $\\gamma$-ray observations, we can reproduce the observational CR spectra of different species well. This may be interpreted as evidence to support the supernova remnant origin of CRs below the knee. We further propose that the same mechanism may explain the "ankle" of the ultra high energy CR spectrum.

Qiang Yuan; Bing Zhang; Xiao-Jun Bi

2011-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

199

Astroparticle Physics with AMS02  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS02) experiment will be installed in 2009 on the International Space Station (ISS) for an operational period of at least three years. The purpose of AMS02 experiment is to perform accurate, high statistics, long duration measurements in space of charged cosmic rays in rigidity range from 1 GV to 3 TV and of high energy photons up to few hundred of GeV. In this work we will discuss the experimental details and the physics capabilities of AMS02 on ISS.

Behcet Alpat

2007-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

200

Almost Exact Sum Rules for Nucleon Moments From An Infinite Dimensional Algebra  

SciTech Connect

Recently there has been a great surge of interest in almost-exact sum rules for the magnetic moments of nucleons. (By almost-exact we mean: exact to all orders in the strong couplings but only the lowest order in electromagnetic and weak couplings.) Besides providing a means for calculation of the magnetic moments on the same level as the calculation of GA/GV by Adler and Weisberger these sum rules, taken together with the Adler-Weisberger sum rule, constitute a useful tool for investigating the nature of the dynamical approximations that underlie higher symmetry schemes.

Beg, M.A. B.

1966-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lg latvia gv" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Adrenal and ovarian function in nutritionally-restricted or Acacia berlandieri-fed Angora goats  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mature Angora nannies (31[]1.1 kg body weight; BW) were randomly assigned to one of four dietary regimens over a 60-d period to evaluate the effects of nutritional restriction (high and low energy diets) and Acacia berlandieri (guajillo) on ovarian and adrenal function. Diets consisted of: 1) 3.6% BW of a pelleted (HC, n=9); 2) 2% BW of the some diet (LC, n=9); 3) diet 2 with ad-lib guajillo (HG, n=10); or 4) 1% BW of the diet with ad-lib guajillo (LG, n=10). Intake of guajillo was measured daily and body weights were obtained weekly. Pituitary, anterior pituitary, and paired adrenal weight did not differ among treatments nor did total adrenal area, adrenomedullary area, and adrenocortical area. Concentrations of cortical were higher (P[]0.05) in the HG group (10.65[]1.16 ng/mL) compared to HC, LC, and LG groups (6.87[].85, 5.99[].55, and 7.29[].58 ng/mL respectively). Addition of synthetic ACTH (10 and 100 pg/mL) to adrenocortical incubation increased medium content of consul for all groups except HG with the greater response (P[]0.02) noted for HC goats. Based on profiles of plasma concentration of progesterone and estrus detection data, estrous cycle length was shorter (P<0.05) for HG (18.9 [] .4 days) compared to HC (20.0[].3 days) goats. Ovarian weight was significantly greater in HG (5.34[].33g) compared to LC (3.34[].33g) and HC (4.34[].35g) but not the LG (4.18[].33 g) group. Follicular fluid weight was greater (P<.0.05) for HG (1.78[].15 g) relative to other treatment groups (range; 1.03[].15 g to 1.25[].15 g). Ovarian stromal weight was greater (P<0.05) for HG compared to LG and LC but was similar to that of the HC group. Corpora luted progesterone content ([]g/100 mg) for HG (2.22[].35) and LC (2.81[].39) were higher (P<0.02) than for the HC (.78[].23) and LG (1.16[].31) groups. There were no significant differences in CL StAR P450scc protein content. Uterine weight was greater (P<0.05) for HG compared to the other groups. These data suggest that nutritional supplementation enabled goats consuming guajillo to avoid some detrimental effects of guajillo, and guajillo consumption enabled nutritionally restricted goats to avoid some detrimental effects of undernutrition.

Livingston, Kimberly Nicole

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Gas Storage Technology Consortium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gas storage is a critical element in the natural gas industry. Producers, transmission and distribution companies, marketers, and end users all benefit directly from the load balancing function of storage. The unbundling process has fundamentally changed the way storage is used and valued. As an unbundled service, the value of storage is being recovered at rates that reflect its value. Moreover, the marketplace has differentiated between various types of storage services, and has increasingly rewarded flexibility, safety, and reliability. The size of the natural gas market has increased and is projected to continue to increase towards 30 trillion cubic feet (TCF) over the next 10 to 15 years. Much of this increase is projected to come from electric generation, particularly peaking units. Gas storage, particularly the flexible services that are most suited to electric loads, is critical in meeting the needs of these new markets. In order to address the gas storage needs of the natural gas industry, an industry-driven consortium was created-the Gas Storage Technology Consortium (GSTC). The objective of the GSTC is to provide a means to accomplish industry-driven research and development designed to enhance operational flexibility and deliverability of the Nation's gas storage system, and provide a cost effective, safe, and reliable supply of natural gas to meet domestic demand. This report addresses the activities for the quarterly period of July 1, 2006 to September 30, 2006. Key activities during this time period include: {lg_bullet} Subaward contracts for all 2006 GSTC projects completed; {lg_bullet} Implement a formal project mentoring process by a mentor team; {lg_bullet} Upcoming Technology Transfer meetings: {sm_bullet} Finalize agenda for the American Gas Association Fall Underground Storage Committee/GSTC Technology Transfer Meeting in San Francisco, CA. on October 4, 2006; {sm_bullet} Identify projects and finalize agenda for the Fall GSTC Technology Transfer Meeting, Pittsburgh, PA on November 8, 2006; {lg_bullet} Draft and compile an electronic newsletter, the GSTC Insider; and {lg_bullet} New members update.

Joel L. Morrison; Sharon L. Elder

2006-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

203

Western Greenbrier Co-Production Demonstration Project Draft Environmental Impact Statement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Figure S-1. Figure S-1. General Location Map U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Lab Western Greenbrier Co-Production Demonstration Project DEIS November 2006 WV 20 S 12 S 63 WV 39 Proposed Co- Production Facility Anjean and Joe Knob Coal Refuse Piles U S 6 0 U S 6 0 US 219 WV 20 WV 39 AN1 AN2 AN3 DN1 DN2 GV W V 2 0 U S 6 0 C R 1 Figure 1-1. General Location Map U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Lab Western Greenbrier Co-Production Demonstration Project DEIS November 2006 WV 20 S 12 S 63 WV 39 Proposed Co- Production Facility Anjean and Joe Knob Coal Refuse Piles U S 6 0 U S 6 0 US 219 WV 20 WV 39 AN1 AN2 AN3 DN1 DN2 GV W V 2 0 U S 6 0 C R 1 S 63 Rainelle Anjean Quinwood Charmco Lewisburg Savannah Quarry Greystone Quarry Boxley Quarry Anjean and Joe Knob Coal Refuse Piles Green Valley Coal Refuse Pile

204

THE ANISOTROPIC TRANSPORT EFFECTS ON DILUTE PLASMAS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We examine the linear stability analysis of a hot, dilute, and differentially rotating plasma by considering anisotropic transport effects. In dilute plasmas, the ion Larmor radius is small compared with its collisional mean free path. In this case, the transport of heat and momentum along the magnetic field lines becomes important. This paper presents a novel linear instability that may be more powerful and greater than ideal magnetothermal instability and ideal magnetorotational instability in the dilute astrophysical plasmas. This type of plasma is believed to be found in the intracluster medium (ICM) of galaxy clusters and radiatively ineffective accretion flows around black holes. We derive the dispersion relation of this instability and obtain the instability condition. There is at least one unstable mode that is independent of the temperature gradient direction for a helical magnetic field geometry. This novel instability is driven by the gyroviscosity coupled with differential rotation. Therefore, we call it gyroviscous-modified magnetorotational instability (GvMRI). We examine how the instability depends on signs of the temperature gradient and the gyroviscosity and also on the magnitude of the thermal frequency and on the values of the pitch angle. We provide a detailed physical interpretation of the obtained results. The GvMRI is applicable not only to the accretion flows and ICM but also to the transition region between cool dense gas and the hot low-density plasma in stellar coronae, accretion disks, and the multiphase interstellar medium because it is independent of the temperature gradient direction.

Devlen, Ebru, E-mail: ebru.devlen@ege.edu.tr [Department of Astronomy and Space Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Ege, Bornova 35100, Izmir (Turkey)

2011-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

205

The GALAXIE all-optical FEL project  

SciTech Connect

We describe a comprehensive project, funded under the DARPA AXiS program, to develop an all-optical table-top X-ray FEL based on dielectric acceleration and electromagnetic undulators, yielding a compact source of coherent X-rays for medical and related applications. The compactness of this source demands that high field (>GV/m) acceleration and undulation-inducing fields be employed, thus giving rise to the project's acronym: GV/m AcceLerator And X-ray Integrated Experiment (GALAXIE). There are numerous physics and technical hurdles to surmount in this ambitious scenario, and the integrated solutions include: a biharmonic photonic TW structure, 200 micron wavelength electromagnetic undulators, 5 {mu}m laser development, ultra-high brightness magnetized/asymmetric emittance electron beam generation, and SASE FEL operation. We describe the overall design philosophy of the project, the innovative approaches to addressing the challenges presented by the design, and the significant progress towards realization of these approaches in the nine months since project initialization.

Rosenzweig, J. B.; Arab, E.; Andonian, G.; Cahill, A.; Fitzmorris, K.; Fukusawa, A.; Hoang, P.; Jovanovic, I.; Marcus, G.; Marinelli, A.; Murokh, A.; Musumeci, P.; Naranjo, B.; O'Shea, B.; O'Shea, F.; Ovodenko, A.; Pogorelsky, I.; Putterman, S.; Roberts, K.; Shumail, M. [Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, 405 Hilgard Ave., Los Angeles, CA 90034 (United States); Dept. of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, 405 Hilgard Ave., Los Angeles, CA 90034 (United States); and others

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

206

Search of Axions from a Nuclear Power Reactor with a High-Purity Germanium Detector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A search of axions produced in nuclear transitions was performed at the Kuo-Sheng Nuclear Power Station with a high-purity germanium detector of mass 1.06 kg at a distance of 28 m from the 2.9 GW reactor core. The expected experimental signatures were mono-energetic lines produced by their Primakoff or Compton conversions at the detector. Based on 459.0/96.3 days of Reactor ON/OFF data, no evidence of axion emissions were observed and constraints on the couplings $\\gagg$ and $\\gaee$ versus axion mass $m_a$ within the framework of invisible axion models were placed. The KSVZ and DFSZ models can be excluded for 10^4 eV < m_a < 10^6 ~eV. Model-independent constraints on \\gagg \\gv1 < 7.7 X 10^{-9} GeV^{-2} for m_{a} < 10^5 eV and \\gaee \\gv1 < 1.3 X 10^{-10} for m_{a} < 10^6 eV at 90% confidence level were derived. This experimental approach provides a unique probe for axion mass at the keV--MeV range not accessible to the other techniques.

H. M. Chang; TEXONO Collaboration

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

United States and Latvian Governments Sign Agreement to Allow  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Latvian Governments Sign Agreement to Allow Latvian Governments Sign Agreement to Allow Nonproliferation and Threat Reduction Cooperation United States and Latvian Governments Sign Agreement to Allow Nonproliferation and Threat Reduction Cooperation April 25, 2005 - 12:25pm Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - As part of the Bush administration's ongoing efforts to secure vulnerable nuclear materials worldwide, the Department of Energy (DOE) and the Latvian Ministry of Environment signed an agreement today that will allow collaboration in nonproliferation and threat reduction areas. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman and Latvian Minister of Environment Raimonds Vejonis signed the agreement, which will provide for repatriation to Russia of Soviet/Russian-origin nuclear fuel from Latvia's shutdown research reactors at Salaspils; security enhancement of the reactor site

208

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Ecofys Country Fact Sheets Agency/Company /Organization: Ecofys Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Background analysis, Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs Website: www.ecofys.com/files/files/ecofys_2011_country_factsheets_update.pdf Country: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, South Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela

209

Action Plan for Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade (FLEGT) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Plan for Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade (FLEGT) Plan for Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade (FLEGT) Jump to: navigation, search Name Action Plan for Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade (FLEGT) Agency/Company /Organization European Union Sector Land Focus Area Forestry Topics Policies/deployment programs Resource Type Lessons learned/best practices Website http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smart Country Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Germany, Estonia, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Italy, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Hungary, Malta, Netherlands, Austria, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Finland, Sweden, United Kingdom Western Europe, Eastern Europe, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Western Europe, Northern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Southern Europe, Western Asia, Northern Europe, Northern Europe, Western Europe, Eastern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Western Europe, Eastern Europe, Southern Europe, Eastern Europe, Southern Europe, Eastern Europe, Southern Europe, Northern Europe, Northern Europe, Northern Europe

210

International Energy Outlook 2006  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Regional Definitions Regional Definitions The six basic country groupings used in this report (Figure J1) are defined as follows: *OECD (18 percent of the 2006 world population): North America-United States, Canada, and Mexico; OECD Europe-Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxem- bourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. OECD Asia-Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand. *Non-OECD (82 percent of the 2006 world popula- tion): - Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia (5 percent of the 2006 world population)-Albania, Armenia, Azer- baijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovenia,

211

Greenhouse Gas Emission Trends and Projections in Europe 2009 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Greenhouse Gas Emission Trends and Projections in Europe 2009 Greenhouse Gas Emission Trends and Projections in Europe 2009 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Greenhouse Gas Emission Trends and Projections in Europe 2009 Agency/Company /Organization: European Environment Agency Topics: Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Background analysis Resource Type: Maps Website: www.eea.europa.eu/publications/eea_report_2009_9 Country: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Ireland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom UN Region: "Western & Eastern Europe" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

212

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets (Redirected from Ecofys Country Fact Sheets) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Ecofys Country Fact Sheets Agency/Company /Organization: Ecofys Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Background analysis, Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs Website: www.ecofys.com/files/files/ecofys_2011_country_factsheets_update.pdf Country: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, South Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela

213

Appendix K: Regional Definitions  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

K K Regional Definitions The six basic country groupings used in this report (Figure K1) are defined as follows: *OECD (18 percent of the 2008 world population): North America-United States, Canada, and Mexico; OECD Europe-Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxem- bourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. OECD Asia-Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand. *Non-OECD (82 percent of the 2008 world popula- tion): - Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia (5 percent of the 2008 world population)-Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovenia,

214

International Energy Outlook 1999 - Notes and Sources  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

sources.gif (4045 bytes) sources.gif (4045 bytes) [1] Turkey and Belarus are Annex I nations that have not ratified the Framework Convention on Climate Change and did not commit to quantifiable emissions targets under the Kyoto Protocol. [2] The Annex I countries under the Framework Convention on Climate Change are Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the Ukraine, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Turkey and Belarus are also considered Annex I countries, but neither has agreed to any limits on greenhouse gas emissions.

215

International Energy Outlook 2007  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

K K Regional Definitions The six basic country groupings used in this report (Figure K1) are defined as follows: *OECD (18 percent of the 2007 world population): North America-United States, Canada, and Mexico; OECD Europe-Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxem- bourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. OECD Asia-Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand. *Non-OECD (82 percent of the 2007 world popula- tion): - Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia (5 percent of the 2007 world population)-Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovenia,

216

UNFCCC-Global Map-Annex 1 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UNFCCC-Global Map-Annex 1 UNFCCC-Global Map-Annex 1 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Global Map-Annex 1 Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, United Nations Environment Programme Sector: Climate Topics: Baseline projection, Co-benefits assessment, GHG inventory Resource Type: Maps, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: maps.unfccc.int/di/map/ Country: Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States

217

International Energy Outlook 2000 - Notes & Sources  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

To International Forecasting Home Page To International Forecasting Home Page To Annual Energy Outlook 2000 bullet1.gif (843 bytes) To Forecasting Home Page bullet1.gif (843 bytes) EIA Homepage [1] Turkey and Belarus are Annex I nations that have not ratified the Framework Convention on Climate Change and did not commit to quantifiable emissions targets under the Kyoto Protocol. [2] The Annex I countries under the Framework Convention on Climate Change are Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the Ukraine, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Turkey and Belarus are also considered Annex I countries, but neither has agreed to any limits on greenhouse gas emissions.

218

Decommssioning Of Research Reactor: Problemsand Experience  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The study of the preparation for decommissioning the Research Reactor in Salaspils (Latvia) and the experience of decommissioning the Research Reactor in Sosny (Belarus) show that the problem of decommissioning research reactors is acute for countries that have no NPPs or their own nuclear industry. It also is associated with regulatory framework, planning and design, dismantling technologies, decontamination of radioactive equipment and materials, spent fuel and radioactive waste management, etc. 1. INTRODUCTION According to the IAEA research reactor database, there are about 300 research reactors worldwide [1]. At present over 30% of them have lifetimes of more than 35 years, 60% of more than 25 years. After the Chernobyl accident, significant efforts were made by many countries to modernize old research reactors aiming, first of all, at ensuring safe operation. However, a large number of aging research reactors will be facing shutdown in the near future. The problem of decommis...

Alexander Mikhalevich

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Mazheikiai refinery modernization study. Final report. Volume 1. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

The study, conducted by Foster Wheeler Corporation, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency on behalf of Lithuania's Ministry of Energy. The Mazheikiai Oil Refinery is the only one in the Baltic Region and serves the needs of Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, and Kaliningrad. Before Lithuania's independence in 1990, the refinery was assured of crude supplies from Russia. However, since then the need has arisen to secure alternate sources of crude oil and the ability to process them. The purpose of the report is to provide recommendations to the Ministry of Energy for process improvements, environmental control measures, physical rehabilitation and energy conservation plans for the Mazheikiai Oil Refinery. This is Volume 1 of the study.

Not Available

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Mazheikiai refinery modernization study. Executive summary. Export trade information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study, conducted by Foster Wheeler Corporation, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency on behalf of Lithuania's Ministry of Energy. The Mazheikiai Oil Refinery is the only one in the Baltic Region and serves the needs of Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, and Kaliningrad. Before Lithuania's independence in 1990, the refinery was assured of crude supplies from Russia. However, since then the need has arisen to secure alternate sources of crude oil and the ability to process them. The purpose of the report is to provide recommendations to the Ministry of Energy for process improvements, environmental control measures, physical rehabilitation and energy conservation plans for the Mazheikiai Oil Refinery. The volume contains the Executive Summary.

Not Available

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lg latvia gv" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Mazheikiai refinery modernization study. Final report. Volume 3. Export trade information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study, conducted by Foster Wheeler Corporation, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency on behalf of Lithuania's Ministry of Energy. The Mazheikiai Oil Refinery is the only one in the Baltic Region and serves the needs of Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, and Kaliningrad. Before Lithuania's independence in 1990, the refinery was assured of crude supplies from Russia. However, since then the need has arisen to secure alternate sources of crude oil and the ability to process them. The purpose of the report is to provide recommendations to the Ministry of Energy for process improvements, environmental control measures, physical rehabilitation and energy conservation plans for the Mazheikiai Oil Refinery. This is Volume 3 of the study.

Not Available

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Mazheikiai refinery modernization study. Final report. Volume 2. Export trade information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study, conducted by Foster Wheeler Corporation, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency on behalf of Lithuania's Ministry of Energy. The Mazheikiai Oil Refinery is the only one in the Baltic Region and serves the needs of Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, and Kaliningrad. Before Lithuania's independence in 1990, the refinery was assured of crude supplies from Russia. However, since then the need has arisen to secure alternate sources of crude oil and the ability to process them. The purpose of the report is to provide recommendations to the Ministry of Energy for process improvements, environmental control measures, physical rehabilitation and energy conservation plans for the Mazheikiai Oil Refinery. This is Volume 2 of the study.

Not Available

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from All Countries  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Albania Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cameroon Canada Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Estonia Finland France Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibralter Greece Guatemala Guinea Hong Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liberia Lithuania Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Midway Islands Morocco Namibia Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Zealand Nicaragua Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Senegal Singapore Slovakia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Thailand Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vietnam Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen

224

NEWTON, Ask a Scientist at Argonne National Labs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Internal Battery Resistance Change During Use Internal Battery Resistance Change During Use Name: Mikus Status: student Grade: 9-12 Country: Latvia Date: Spring 2012 Question: Does the internal resistance of a battery change if the battery is being discharged? Replies: Yes. Batteries play a lot of messy games with their internal resistance. The resistance can depend on temperature, percent-of-charge-remaining, recent history of current drain, and battery aging. Each kind of battery (lithium, alkaline, lead-acid, Ni-Cd, NiMH) has a different set of behaviors. I have seen a lithium battery, when suddenly asked to push a large load, allow its output voltage to drop a lot at first, because its internal resistance was high, because the battery was cold. Then the large current flowing through that internal resistance warmed up the battery, and the voltage delivered actually increased with time, for a little while.

225

Pilot-plant technical assessment of wet flue gas desulfurization using limestone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An experimental study was performed on a countercurrent pilot-scale packed scrubber for wet flue gas desulfurization (FGD). The flow rate of the treated flue gas was around 300 Nm{sup 3}/h, so the pilot-plant capacity is one of the largest with respect to other published studies on a pilot-plant wet FGD. The tests were carried out at an SO{sub 2} inlet concentration of 2000 ppm by changing the recycle slurry pH to around 4.8 and the L/G ratio to between 7.5 and 15. Three types of limestone were tested, obtaining desulfurization efficiencies from 59 to 99%. We show the importance of choosing an appropriate limestone in order to get a better performance from the FGD plant. Thus, it is important to know the reactivity (on a laboratory scale) and the sorbent utilization (on a pilot-plant scale) in order to identify if a limestone is reactive enough and to compare it with another type. In addition, by using the transfer-unit concept, a function has been obtained for the desulfurization efficiency, using the L/G ratio and the recycle slurry pH as independent variables. The Ca/S molar ratio is related to these and to the SO{sub 2} removal efficiency. This function, together with a simplified function of the operation variable cost, allows us to determine the pair (L/G ratio and pH) to achieve the desired SO{sub 2} removal with the minimum operation cost. Finally, the variable operation costs between packed towers and spray scrubbers have been compared, using as a basis the pilot packed tower and the industrial spray column at the Compostilla Power Station's FGD plant (in Leon, Spain).

Ortiz, F.J.G.; Vidal, F.; Ollero, P.; Salvador, L.; Cortes, V.; Gimenez, A. [University of Seville, Seville (Spain)

2006-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

226

Genome anchored QTLs for biomass productivity in Hybrid Populus: Heterosis and detection across Contrasting Environments.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Traits related to biomass production were analyzed for the presence of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) in an interspecific F2 population derived from an outbred Populus trichocarpa P. deltoides parental cross. Three years of phenotypic data for stem growth traits (height and diameter) were collected from two parental, two F1 and 339 F2 trees in a clonal trial replicated both within and among two environmentally contrasting sites in the North American Pacific Northwest. A genetic linkage map comprised of 841 SSR, AFLP, and RAPD markers and phenotypic data from 310 progeny were used to identify genomic regions harboring QTL using the Multiple-QTL Model (MQM) package of the statistical program MapQTL 6. A total of twelve QTLs, nine putative and three suggestive, were identified with eight of these being identified at both sites in at least one experiment. Of these, three putative QTL BM-1, BM-2, BM-7, on LGs I, II, and XIV, respectively, were identified in all three years for both height and diameter. Two QTLs BM-2 and BM-7, on LG II and XIV, respectively, exhibited significant evidence of over-dominance in all three years for both traits. Conversely a QTL on BM-6 LG XIII exhibited out-breeding depression in two years for both height and diameter. The remaining nine QTLs showed difference levels of dominance and additive effects. Seven of the nine QTL were successfully anchored and QTL peak positions were estimated for each one on the P. trichocarpa genome assembly using flanking SSR markers with known physical positions positions. QTL BM-7 on LG XIV had been anchored on the genome assembly in a previous study, therefore eight QTLs identified in this study were assigned genome assembly positions. Physical distances encompassed by each QTL regions ranged from 1.3 to 8.8 Mb.

Muchero, Wellington [ORNL; Sewell, Mitchell [ORNL; Gunter, Lee E [ORNL; Tschaplinski, Timothy J [ORNL; Yin, Tongming [ORNL; DiFazio, Steven P [West Virginia University; Tuskan, Gerald A [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

OpenEI - efficiency  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Appliance Data - Appliance Data - Central Air Conditioners - 2010 http://en.openei.org/datasets/node/132 View 2010 energy efficiency data from AeroSys Inc, Coaire, Cold Point, First Operations, LG Electronics, Nordyne, and Quietside manufacturers.  Data includes cooling capacity, cooling performance, heating capacity, and heating performance.   Spreadsheet was created by combining the tables in pdf files that are included in the zip file.

License
Type of License: 

228

Liquid-gas mixed phase in nuclear matter at finite temperature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explore the geometrical structure of Liquid-gas (LG) mixed phase which is relevant to nuclear matter in the crust region of compact stars or supernovae. To get the equation of state (EOS) of the system, the Maxwell construction is found to be applicable to symmetric nuclear matter, where protons and neutrons behave simultaneously. For asymmetric nuclear matter, on the other hand, the phase equilibrium can be obtained by fully solving the Gibbs conditions since the components in the L and G phases are completely different. We also discuss the effects of surface and the Coulomb interaction on the mixed phase.

Toshiki Maruyama; Toshitaka Tatsumi

2010-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

229

$N=2$ Supersymmetric Integrable Models and Topological Field Theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

These lectures review some of the basic properties of $N=2$ superconformal field theories and the corresponding topological field theories. One of my basic aims is to show how the techniques of topological field theory can be used to compute effective \\LG potentials for perturbed $N=2$ superconformal field theories. In particular, I will briefly discuss the application of these ideas to $N=2$ supersymmetric quantum integrable models. (Lectures given at the Summer School on High Energy Physics and Cosmology, Trieste, Italy, June 15th -- July 3rd, 1992. To appear in the proceedings.)

Warner, Nicholas P

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Nepali Aawaz Volume 1, Issue 18, 30 September 2006  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

]hLg, j'd]G; Knfg]6 / cfsif{0f a'l6sn] ;d]t ;xefuLtf hgfPsf lyP . km]zg ;Ktfxdf o;k6s ef/lto Unf8;{ df]8n x06sf ljh]tf ;'k/ df]8nx? ;d]t / x]sflyP . df]8nx?;+u} gfosgflosf, ufos uflosf, 6LeL Ps/ h:tf ;]nLla|6L nu- fotsf l8Knf]Dof6x? ;d]t ofDkdf k...

Shrestha, Kashish Das

231

Assessing Natural Isothiocyanate Air Emissions after Field Incorporation of Mustard Cover Crop  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A regional air assessment was performed to characterize volatile natural isothiocyanate (NITC) compounds in air during soil incorporation of mustard cover crops in Washington State. Field air sampling and analytical methods were developed specific to three NITCs known to be present in air at appreciable concentrations during/after field incorporation. The maximum observed concentrations in air for the allyl, benzyl, and phenethyl isothiocyanates were respectively 188, 6.1, and 0.7 lg m-3 during mustard incorporation. Based on limited inhalation toxicity information, airborne NITC concentrations did not appear to pose an acute human inhalation exposure concern to field operators and bystanders.

Trott, Donna M.; LePage, Jane; Hebert, Vincent

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Improvements to Regional Explosion Identification using Attenuation Models of the Lithosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Regional P/S amplitudes have been recognized as an effective discriminant between earthquakes and explosions. While closely spaced earthquake and explosions generally discriminate easily, the application of this technique to broad regions has been hampered by large variations in the amplitude of regional phases due to the attenuation structure of the crust and upper mantle. Making use of a recent P-wave and S-wave attenuation model of the lithosphere, we have found that correcting the events using our amplitude methodology significantly reduces the scattering in the earthquake population. We demonstrate an application of this technique to station NIL (Nilore, Pakistan) using broad area earthquakes and the 1998 Indian nuclear explosion recorded at the station using the Pn/Lg discriminant in the 1-2 Hz passband. We find that the explosion, which is lost in the scatter of the earthquakes in the uncorrected discriminant, clearly separates by correcting for the attenuation structure. We see a similar reduction in scatter and separation for the Pn/Sn and Pg/Lg discriminants in the same passband.

Pasyanos, M E; Walter, W R

2009-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

233

The ACS LCID Project. II. Faint Variable Stars in the Isolated Dwarf Irregular Galaxy IC1613  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(Abridged) We present the results of a new search for variable stars in the Local Group (LG) isolated dwarf galaxy IC1613, based on 24 orbits of F475W and F814W photometry from the ACS camera onboard the HST. We detected 259 candidate variables in this field, of which only 13 (all of them bright Cepheids) were previously known. Out of the confirmed variables, we found 90 RR Lyrae stars, 49 classical Cepheids (including 36 new discoveries), and 38 eclipsing binary stars for which we could determine a period. The RR Lyrae include 61 fundamental (RRab) and 24 first-overtone (RRc) pulsators, and 5 pulsating in both modes simultaneously (RRd). As for the majority of LG dwarfs, the mean periods of the RRab and RRc (0.611 and 0.334 day, respectively) as well as the fraction of overtone pulsators (f_c=0.28) place this galaxy in the intermediate regime between the Oosterhoff types. From their position on the period-luminosity diagram and light-curve morphology, we can unambiguously classify 25 and 14 Cepheids as funda...

Bernard, Edouard J; Gallart, Carme; Aparicio, Antonio; Cassisi, Santi; Drozdovsky, Igor; Hidalgo, Sebastian L; Skillman, Evan D; Stetson, Peter B

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Data:479bdbf6-c343-445a-b54d-893f27908180 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

bdbf6-c343-445a-b54d-893f27908180 bdbf6-c343-445a-b54d-893f27908180 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: South Carolina Pub Serv Auth Effective date: 2012/12/01 End date if known: Rate name: GV-12 (Seasonal General Service) Sector: Commercial Description: Applicability: This Schedule is applicable to all commercial customers of the Authority meeting the eligibility requirements of the Authority's Medium General Service Rate Schedule, or its successor. Service hereunder applies to all service of the same voltage and character supplied to the Customer's premises through a single delivery point. Energy and power taken under this Schedule may not be resold or shared with others.

235

Data:5d6fa5d7-b4c0-4b93-b400-eea4e517fc36 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

d7-b4c0-4b93-b400-eea4e517fc36 d7-b4c0-4b93-b400-eea4e517fc36 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Public Service Co of NH Effective date: 2012/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Rate GV, Commercial and Industrial INDUSTRIAL Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: http://www.psnh.com/RatesTariffs/Business/Small-Business-Rates.aspx Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring:

236

bns_for_NLC.dvi  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2, 10/02/99 2, 10/02/99 KEK -aaa-bbb SLAC - www-xxx BNS Profiles and Sensitivity of Beam Orbit of the NLC Linac February 10, 1999 G.V. Stupakov Stanford Linear Accelerator Center Stanford, CA, USA Abstract: Using the computer program LIAR we simulate different BNS regimes in the main NLC linac. The energy overhead for each regime is determined, and both the orbit sensitivity for a small quadrupole offset, and ATL-type ground motion are calculated. A single bunch emittance growth caused by initial offset, slope and tilt of the bunch is also simulated.. BNS Pro les and Sensitivity of Beam Orbit in the NLC Linac G. V. Stupakov, SLAC 0.1 BNS Pro les Using simulation code LIAR 1 , we calculated the emittance growth of a single bunch in the NLC linac due to short-range wake eld a= = 0:18 for the lattice

237

Microsoft Word - Voronina_OthHyd_PE_NEW.rtf  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Aminov, Y.A. et al. 1 Aminov, Y.A. et al. 1 NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF EXPERIMENTS WITH COMMERCIAL EXPLOSIVES Y.A. Aminov, N.S. Eskov, G.V. Kovalenko, Y.R. Nikitenko, V.I. Volkov, V.P. Voronina Russian Federal Nuclear Center - Zababakhin Institute of Technical Physics (RFNC-VNIITF) Snezhinsk, Russia The presentation discusses numerical modeling of experiments [1] aimed at testing the properties of the commercial explosive PZhV-20U. Calculations were made with MACH code [2] that models complex 2D flows with account for physical and chemical transformations. A unique approach was used to describe experiments aimed to characterize: - detonation velocity versus diameter for cylindrical explosive charges; - the expansion of detonation-propelled copper sheathes; and

238

Precinct of Woodsville | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Precinct of Woodsville Precinct of Woodsville Jump to: navigation, search Name Precinct of Woodsville Place New Hampshire Utility Id 20980 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location NPCC NERC NPCC Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Rate D Commercial Rate G (Consolidated Electric Tariff General Service) Commercial Rate G (Consolidated Electric Tariff General Service)(3.0 kW OR greater) Commercial Rate GV Consolidated Electric Tariff Industrial General At Primary Voltage Commercial Average Rates Residential: $0.1650/kWh

239

Linear Collider Collaboration Tech Notes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Notes Notes LCC - 0018, 15/06/99 Rev B, June 2002 Correct Account of RF Deflections in Linac Acceleration June 15, 1999 G.V. Stupakov Stanford Linear Accelerator Center Stanford, California Abstract: During acceleration in the linac structure, the beam not only increases its longitudinal momentum, but also experiences a transverse kick from the accelerating mode which is linear in accelerating gradient. This effect is neglected in such computer codes as LIAR and TRANSPORT. We derived the Hamiltonian equations that describe the effect of RF deflection into the acceleration process and included it into the computational engine of LIAR. By comparing orbits for the NLC main linac, we found that the difference between the two algorithms is about 10\%. The effect will be more pronounced at smaller

240

LBA-ECO Image and Land Cover Transition Data Sets Published  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Image and Land Cover Transition Data Sets Published Image and Land Cover Transition Data Sets Published The ORNL DAAC announces the publication of image and land cover transition data sets for Mato Grosso, Brazil, for the years 2000-2001 and 2003-2004. These data sets were prepared by D.A. Roberts, I. Numata, K.W. Holmes, G.T. Batista, T. Krug, A.L. Monteiro, R.L. Powell, and O.A. Chadwick. LBA-ECO ND-01 Fractional Land Cover Images, Rondonia, Brazil: 1984-2000. This data set provides fractional land cover type images for shade, green vegetation (GV), non-photosynthetic vegetation (NPV), and soil for the regions of JiParana, PortoVelho, Luiza, Ariquemes, and Cacoal in the state of Rondonia, Brazil, for the period 1984 to 2000. The images were derived with a spectral mixture analysis (SMA) of Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) time

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241

Grouting at the Idaho National Laboratory Tank Farm Facility, R. Mark Shaw  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Grouting at the Grouting at the Idaho National Laboratory Tank Farm Facility R. Mark Shaw, U. S. Department of Energy safety v performance v cleanup v closure M E Environmental Management Environmental Management 2 Topics/Agenda * Tank Farm Overview * Tank and Vault Grouting * Cooling Coil and Transfer Line Grouting safety v performance v cleanup v closure M E Environmental Management Environmental Management 3 INTEC TANK FARM CLOSURE INTEC TANK FARM CLOSURE VES-WM-103 VES-WM-104 VES-WM-105 VES-WM-106 182 183 185 186 187 189 190 188 184 181 180 Tank Farm Facility Octagon Vaults: WM-180, WM-181 Pillar and Panel Vaults: WM-182, WM-183, WM-184, WM-185, WM-186 Square Vaults: WM-187, WM-188, WM-189, WM-190 GV99 0008 safety v performance v cleanup v closure M E Environmental Management

242

NECDC Word Style Guide (U)  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Eulerian Numerical Techniques EGAK and TREK for Simulation of Eulerian Numerical Techniques EGAK and TREK for Simulation of Multidimensional Multimaterial Flows Yanilkin Yu.V., Belyaev S.P., Bondarenko Yu.A., Gavrilova E.S., Goncharov E.A., Gorbenko A.D., Gorodnichev A.V., Gubkov E.V., Guzhova A.R., Degtyarenko L.I., Zharova G.V., Kolobyanin V.Yu., Sofronov V.N., Stadnik A.L., Khovrin N.A., Chernysheva O.N., Chistyakova I.N., Shemyakov V.N. Russian Federal Nuclear Center, Sarov The paper presents overview of main algorithms underlying Lagrangian-Eulerian techniques EGAK and TREK for simulation of 2D and 3D multimaterial flows with large deformations, including the turbulent mixing phase. Some results of computations are presented that give an estimate of the technique accuracy and efficiency. Introduction

243

Jacob P. Fugal, Scott Spuler Earth Observing Laboratory NCAR, Boulder, CO USA  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

airborne digital holographic airborne digital holographic instrument for measuring the spatial distribution and local size distributions of cloud particles: Holographic Detector for Clouds 2 (HOLODEC 2) Jacob P. Fugal, Scott Spuler Earth Observing Laboratory NCAR, Boulder, CO USA & Raymond A. Shaw Physics Department, michigan Tech Houghton, MI USA C-130 Hercules Q HIAPER Gulfstream GV HOLODEC (Holographic Detector for Clouds) is an airborne instrument that measures the size, shape, and relative 3D position of cloud particles using digital in- line holography. Science Questions for HOLODEC 2 * How do local cloud particle size distributions vary inside cloud regions (edge, top, core, base), by cloud age, cloud type? * How are cloud particles spatially distributed on sub-cm scales due to mixing, entrainment, and

244

Cosmic ray spectral hardening due to dispersion of source injection spectra  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The cosmic ray (CR) energy spectra measured with ATIC, CREAM and PAMELA showed that there is remarkable hardening for rigidity of several hundred GV. We propose that this hardening is due to the superposition of spectra from a population of sources, e.g., supernova remnants (SNRs), whose injection spectral indices have a dispersion. Adopting proper model parameters the observational data can be well explained. It is interesting that the injection source parameters are similar with that derived from gamma-ray observations of SNRs, which may support the SNR-origin of CRs. Furthermore this mechanism provides an alternative explanation of the "ankle-cutoff" structure of the ultra high energy CR spectra.

Yuan, Qiang; Bi, Xiao-Jun

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Measurement of the Cosmic-Ray Antiproton to Proton Abundance Ratio between 4 and 50 GeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a new measurement of the antiproton to proton abundance ratio, pbar/p, in the cosmic radiation. The HEAT-pbar instrument, a balloon borne magnet spectrometer with precise rigidity and multiple energy loss measurement capability, was flown successfully in Spring 2000, at an average atmospheric depth of 7.2 g/cm^2. A total of 71 antiprotons were identified above the vertical geomagnetic cut-off rigidity of 4.2 GV. The highest measured proton energy was 81 GeV. We find that the pbar/p abundance ratio agrees with that expected from a purely secondary origin of antiprotons produced by primary protons with a standard soft energy spectrum.

A. S. Beach; J. J. Beatty; A. Bhattacharyya; C. Bower; S. Coutu; M. A. DuVernois; A. W. Labrador; S. McKee; S. A. Minnick; D. Muller; J. Musser; S. Nutter; M. Schubnell; S. Swordy; G. Tarle; A. Tomasch

2001-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

246

Transverse self-modulation of ultra-relativistic lepton beams in the plasma wakefield accelerator  

SciTech Connect

The transverse self-modulation of ultra-relativistic, long lepton bunches in high-density plasmas is explored through full-scale particle-in-cell simulations. We demonstrate that long SLAC-type electron and positron bunches can become strongly radially self-modulated over centimeter distances, leading to wake excitation in the blowout regime with accelerating fields in excess of 20 GV/m. We show that particles energy variations exceeding 10 GeV can occur in meter-long plasmas. We find that the self-modulation of positively and negatively charged bunches differs when the blowout is reached. Seeding the self-modulation instability mitigates the effect of the competing hosing instability. This work reveals that a proof-of-principle experiment to test the physics of bunch self-modulation can be performed with available lepton bunches and with existing experimental apparatus and diagnostics.

Vieira, J.; Silva, L. O. [GoLP/Instituto de Plasmas e Fusao Nuclear, Laboratorio Associado Instituto Superior Tecnico, Technical University of Lisbon, Lisboa (Portugal); Fang, Y. [University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089 (United States); Mori, W. B. [University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States); Muggli, P. [University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089 (United States); Max Planck Institute for Physics, Munich (Germany)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

247

Beam dynamics and wakefield simulations of the double grating accelerating structure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Laser-driven acceleration in dielectric structures can provide gradients on the order of GeV/m. The small transverse dimension and tiny feature sizes introduce challenges in design, fabrication, and simulation studies of these structures. In this paper we present the results of beam dynamic simulation and short range longitudinal wakefield simulation of the double grating structure. We show the linear trend of acceleration in a dielectric accelerator design and calculate the maximum achievable gradient equal to 0.47E{sub 0} where E0 is maximum electric field of the laser excitation. On the other hand, using wakefield simulations, we show that the loss factor of the structure with 400nm gap size will be 0.12GV/m for a 10fC, 100as electron bunch which is an order of magnitude less than expected gradient near damage threshold of the device.

Najafabadi, B. Montazeri; Byer, R. L.; Ng, C. K.; England, R. J.; Peralta, E. A.; Soong, K.; Noble, R.; Wu, Z. [Stanford University, Stanford, CA (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States)

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

248

Slide 1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ARM-funded IOP Measurement Priorities ARM-funded IOP Measurement Priorities * Model Forcing Dataset Sounding network Appropriate for determining continuous forcing dataset * 4D Atmospheric state description Soundings (Array and soundings of opportunity) Radar Refractivity Surface Observations * 4D Cloud and Precipitation characteristics CASA, CIRPAS 9.4 Ghz Phased-Array, McGill scanning 94- GHz, ARM SBIR scanning 35-GHz * Updraft/Downdraft dynamics CASA, 915 MHz wind profilers, cloud radars Walt Petersen, GPM GV, MC3E , 23-24 February 2009, Norman, Oklahoma 6 NASA-Provided Infrastructure Ka-Ku Scanning Transportable Dual-Polarimetric Radar (dual-aperture) * Match DPR frequencies, direct link to PIA and dual-wavelength vs. dual-pol methods * Extension to clouds, light precipitation, and improved sampling of ice, snow, mixed phase

249

East Coast (PADD 1) Imports from All Countries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Import Area: East Coast (PADD 1) Midwest (PADD 2) Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) West Coast (PADD 5) Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Import Area: East Coast (PADD 1) Midwest (PADD 2) Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) West Coast (PADD 5) Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Cameroon Canada Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Estonia Finland France Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibralter Greece Guatemala Guinea Hong Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liberia Lithuania Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Morocco Namibia Netherlands Netherlands Antilles Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Senegal Singapore South Africa Spain Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Thailand Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Vietnam Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen

250

Global threat reduction initiative Russian nuclear material removal progress  

SciTech Connect

In December 1999 representatives from the United States, the Russian Federation, and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) started discussing a program to return to Russia Soviet- or Russian-supplied highly enriched uranium (HEU) fuel stored at the Russian-designed research reactors outside Russia. Trilateral discussions among the United States, Russian Federation, and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) have identified more than 20 research reactors in 17 countries that have Soviet- or Russian-supplied HEU fuel. The Global Threat Reduction Initiative's Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program is an important aspect of the U.S. Government's commitment to cooperate with the other nations to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons and weapons-usable proliferation-attractive nuclear materials. To date, 496 kilograms of Russian-origin HEU have been shipped to Russia from Serbia, Latvia, Libya, Uzbekistan, Romania, Bulgaria, Poland, Germany, and the Czech Republic. The pilot spent fuel shipment from Uzbekistan to Russia was completed in April 2006. (author)

Cummins, Kelly [DOE/NNSA (United States); Bolshinsky, Igor [INL/NNSA (United States)

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

251

ANALYSES OF ENERGY SUPPLY OPTIONS AND SECURITY OF ENERGY SUPPLY IN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FOREWORD In its broadest meaning energy security is the ability of a nation to muster the energy resources needed to ensure its welfare. In a narrower meaning it refers to territorial energy autonomy. Consequently, energy supply security is a matter of both domestic policy and international relations. Perceived and real threats may be economic or logistic, politically motivated or the result of war or natural causes. They may be source, technology or transport related, specific to a facility or a function of system structure, due to sabotage or to inadequate investment or maintenance, or result from pricing or regulatory policies. Energy security has become a growing concern in the Baltic States of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania since regaining independence in 1991. As their national energy systems depend on essentially one single foreign supplier for most of their oil and all of their natural gas supplies, a comprehensive analysis of potential measures to improve security including alternative supply options becomes vital. Such an analysis needs to consider, for example, the availability of domestic energy reserves and resources, the vintage of existing energy infrastructures (including regional and interregional interconnections), storage facilities, as well as future

In The Baltic States; In The Baltic States; Wagramer Strasse

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Global analysis of data on the spin-orbit-coupled A {sup 1{Sigma}}{sub u}{sup +} and b {sup 3{Pi}}{sub u} states of Cs{sub 2}  

SciTech Connect

We present experimentally derived potential curves and spin-orbit interaction functions for the strongly perturbed A {sup 1{Sigma}}{sub u}{sup +} and b {sup 3{Pi}}{sub u} states of the cesium dimer. The results are based on data from several sources. Laser-induced fluorescence Fourier transform spectroscopy (LIF FTS) was used some time ago in the Laboratoire Aime Cotton primarily to study the X {sup 1{Sigma}}{sub g}{sup +} state. More recent work at Tsinghua University provides information from moderate resolution spectroscopy on the lowest levels of the b {sup 3{Pi}}{sub 0u}{sup {+-}} state as well as additional high-resolution data. From Innsbruck University, we have precision data obtained with cold Cs{sub 2} molecules. Recent data from Temple University was obtained using the optical-optical double resonance polarization spectroscopy technique, and finally, a group at the University of Latvia has added additional LIF FTS data. In the Hamiltonian matrix, we have used analytic potentials (the expanded Morse oscillator form) with both finite-difference (FD) coupled-channel and discrete variable representation (DVR) calculations of the term values. Fitted diagonal and off-diagonal spin-orbit functions are obtained and compared with ab initio results from Temple and Moscow State universities.

Bai, Jianmei; Ahmed, E. H.; Beser, B.; Guan, Y.; Kotochigova, S.; Lyyra, A. M.; Ashman, S.; Wolfe, C. M.; Huennekens, J.; Xie, Feng; Li, Dan; Li, Li; Tamanis, M.; Ferber, R.; Drozdova, A.; Pazyuk, E.; Stolyarov, A. V.; Danzl, J. G.; Naegerl, H.-C.; Bouloufa, N. [Physics Department, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19122 (United States); Department of Physics, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania 18015 (United States); Department of Physics and Key Lab of Atomic and Molecular Nanoscience, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Laser Center, Department of Physics, University of Latvia, 19 Rains Blvd., Riga LV-1586 (Latvia); Department of Chemistry, Moscow State University, GSP-2 Leninskie gory 1/3, Moscow RU-119992 (Russian Federation); Institut fuer Experimentalphysik und Zentrum fuer Quantenphysik, Universitaet Innsbruck, Technikerstrasse 25, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Laboratoire Aime Cotton, CNRS, Universite Paris-Sud, Bat. 505, F-91405 Orsay Cedex (France); Department of Physics and Astronomy, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800 (United States)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

253

The Department of Energy's Innovation in GM's Chevrolet Volt | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Department of Energy's Innovation in GM's Chevrolet Volt The Department of Energy's Innovation in GM's Chevrolet Volt The Department of Energy's Innovation in GM's Chevrolet Volt January 11, 2011 - 11:49am Addthis Chevy Volt and replica battery | Photo Courtesy of Argonne Lab's Flickr Chevy Volt and replica battery | Photo Courtesy of Argonne Lab's Flickr Patrick B. Davis Patrick B. Davis Vehicle Technologies Program Manager Last Thursday was a big day in the world of advanced vehicle batteries. On January 6, the Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory announced that General Motors and its battery cell supplier, LG Chem Power Inc., have each signed licensing agreements to use Argonne's breakthrough battery technology. Funded by the Department, scientists at Argonne have developed a unique suite of cathode materials - a 'family' of lithium-rich

254

central air conditioner | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

central air conditioner central air conditioner Dataset Summary Description View 2010 energy efficiency data from AeroSys Inc, Coaire, Cold Point, First Operations, LG Electronics, Nordyne, and Quietside manufacturers. Data includes cooling capacity, cooling performance, heating capacity, and heating performance. Spreadsheet was created by combining the tables in pdf files that are included in the zip file. Source Energy Applicance Data - United States Federal Trade Commission, www.ftc.gov Date Released Unknown Date Updated Unknown Keywords air conditioner central air conditioner efficiency efficient energy heat pump Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon 2010_CentralAC_All.xls (xls, 82.4 KiB) application/zip icon 2010CentralAirConditioner.zip (zip, 398.2 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review

255

City of Burlington-Electric, Vermont (Utility Company) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Burlington-Electric, Vermont (Utility Company) Burlington-Electric, Vermont (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name City of Burlington-Electric Place Vermont Utility Id 2548 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location NPCC NERC NPCC Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Large General (LG) Rate Demand is less than 25KW- Net Metered Renewable

256

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

41 - 17350 of 28,905 results. 41 - 17350 of 28,905 results. Download VALUE STUDY http://energy.gov/management/downloads/value-study-0 Download Special Report: OAS-RA-13-10 The Department of Energy's Management of the Award of a $150 Million Recovery Act Grant to LG Chem Michigan Inc http://energy.gov/ig/downloads/special-report-oas-ra-13-10 Download URTAC Meeting- September 2013 Federal Register Notice for September 19, 2013 URTAC Meeting http://energy.gov/fe/downloads/urtac-meeting-september-2013 Download Audit Report: WR-B-99-05 Management of Laboratory Directed Research and Development at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory http://energy.gov/ig/downloads/audit-report-wr-b-99-05 Download RingCentral Mailboxes This is a list of each Departmental element's mailbox(es) used for RingCentral during a COOP event.

257

VEHICLE SPECIFICATIONS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

VEHICLE SPECIFICATIONS 1 Vehicle Features Base Vehicle: 2011 Chevrolet Volt VIN: 1G1RD6E48BUI00815 Class: Compact Seatbelt Positions: 4 Type 2 : Multi-Mode PHEV (EV, Series, and Power-split) Motor Type: 12-pole permanent magnet AC synchronous Max. Power/Torque: 111 kW/370 Nm Max. Motor Speed: 9500 rpm Cooling: Active - Liquid cooled Generator Type: 16-pole permanent magnet AC synchronous Max. Power/Torque: 55 kW/200 Nm Max. Generator Speed: 6000 rpm Cooling: Active - Liquid cooled Battery Manufacturer: LG Chem Type: Lithium-ion Cathode/Anode Material: LiMn 2 O 4 /Hard Carbon Number of Cells: 288 Cell Config.: 3 parallel, 96 series Nominal Cell Voltage: 3.7 V Nominal System Voltage: 355.2 V Rated Pack Capacity: 45 Ah Rated Pack Energy: 16 kWh Weight of Pack: 435 lb

258

Data:A6b36bfc-6a04-42d3-ae7f-8b49715e4918 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

bfc-6a04-42d3-ae7f-8b49715e4918 bfc-6a04-42d3-ae7f-8b49715e4918 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Public Service Co of NH Effective date: 2012/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Rate LG, Commercial and Industrial Service INDUSTRIAL Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: http://www.psnh.com/RatesTariffs/Business/Small-Business-Rates.aspx Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring:

259

Data:5153dc85-7b21-4906-9245-5cd5d7e85826 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

5-7b21-4906-9245-5cd5d7e85826 5-7b21-4906-9245-5cd5d7e85826 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Village of Leigh, Nebraska (Utility Company) Effective date: 2013/01/15 End date if known: Rate name: General Service- Single Phase Sector: Commercial Description: To any nonresidential customer for lighting, heating, and power purposes, and where the customer's billing demand does not exceed 100 KW during any three summer months or 200 KW in any four months of a 12 consecutive month period. Source or reference: http://www.loup.com/docs/customersvc/LG-1-Rates2013.pdf Source Parent:

260

Data:46ee4d23-7518-4c5a-8367-e3a1a06bab1e | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

-7518-4c5a-8367-e3a1a06bab1e -7518-4c5a-8367-e3a1a06bab1e No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Gastonia, North Carolina (Utility Company) Effective date: 2012/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: SCHEDULE CX - Very Lg. Commercial Service Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: Rates Binder A Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lg latvia gv" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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261

Data:5692e47f-44ac-4ddd-8a11-3650aaab4afc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2e47f-44ac-4ddd-8a11-3650aaab4afc 2e47f-44ac-4ddd-8a11-3650aaab4afc No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: KEM Electric Coop Inc Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: General Service - Three Phase/Lg Power Sector: Industrial Description: Available to all members who require multi-phase electric service. Service capacity will start at 51 kVa and shall not exceed a 999 kVa. Service shall be to a single point of service Type of Service Three Phase, 60 cycle, at secondary voltages. The Cooperative will provide meter, meter socket, and C.T. equipment necessary to measure electric usage.

262

TTRDC - Publications - Transforum Vol. 11 No. 1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Battery Tech Licensed to Several Companies Battery Tech Licensed to Several Companies Argonne has now licensed its groundbreaking battery technology to five companies. In addition to GM and LG Chem, the following companies are working with the Argonne-developed cathode material: Envia - In January 2011, this California start-up signed a license with Argonne. The lab's cathode material will contribute complementary technology to Envia's development of industry-leading lithium-ion battery solutions. This deal builds on an existing Argonne-Envia collaboration that garnered an R&D 100 award from R&D Magazine in 2009 for the joint development of an innovative composite electrode material technology. BASF - In June 2009, the world's largest chemical company signed a worldwide licensing agreement to mass produce and market Argonne's patented composite cathode materials to manufacturers of advanced lithium-ion batteries.

263

heat pump | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

heat pump heat pump Dataset Summary Description View 2010 energy efficiency data from AeroSys Inc, Coaire, Cold Point, First Operations, LG Electronics, Nordyne, and Quietside manufacturers. Data includes cooling capacity, cooling performance, heating capacity, and heating performance. Spreadsheet was created by combining the tables in pdf files that are included in the zip file. Source Energy Applicance Data - United States Federal Trade Commission, www.ftc.gov Date Released Unknown Date Updated Unknown Keywords air conditioner central air conditioner efficiency efficient energy heat pump Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon 2010_CentralAC_All.xls (xls, 82.4 KiB) application/zip icon 2010CentralAirConditioner.zip (zip, 398.2 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review

264

Data:E1661572-d93e-439c-a8c4-c4429f3774ed | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

61572-d93e-439c-a8c4-c4429f3774ed 61572-d93e-439c-a8c4-c4429f3774ed No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Village of Leigh, Nebraska (Utility Company) Effective date: 2013/01/15 End date if known: Rate name: General Service- Three Phase Sector: Commercial Description: To any nonresidential customer for lighting, heating, and power purposes, and where the customer's billing demand does not exceed 100 KW during any three summer months or 200 KW in any four months of a 12 consecutive month period. Source or reference: http://www.loup.com/docs/customersvc/LG-1-Rates2013.pdf Source Parent:

265

ConsumTechNotes2011.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Data Data 2011: Consumption 31 P E T R O L E U M O V E R V I E W U.S. Energy Information Administration 32 State Energy Data 2011: Consumption Petroleum Products Residential Sector Estimated Consumption (RC) Commercial Sector Estimated Consumption (CC) Industrial Sector Estimated Consumption (IC) Transportation Sector Estimated Consumption (AC) Electric Power Sector Estimated Consumption (EI) Total Estimated Consumption (TC) Asphalt and Road Oil (AR) ARIC = ARTC + + Aviation Gasoline (AV) AVAC = AVTC + + Distillate Fuel Oil (DF) DFRC + DFCC + DFIC + DFAC + DFEI = DFTC + + + + + + Jet Fuel (JF) JFAC JFEU = JFTC + + Kerosene (KS) KSRC + KSCC + KSIC = KSTC + + + + Liquefied Petroleum Gases (LG) LGRC + LGCC + LGIC + LGAC = LGTC + + + Lubricants (LU) + LUIC LUAC = LUTC + + + Motor Gasoline (MG) MGCC MGIC MGAC = MGTC + + + + Residual Fuel Oil (RF) RFCC RFIC + RFAC + RFEI = RFTC + + + Other Petroleum Products (PO) PCCC 1 + POIC 2 + PCEI

266

Gulfsands Petroleum | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gulfsands Petroleum Gulfsands Petroleum Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Gulfsands Petroleum Name Gulfsands Petroleum Address 2-4 Cork Street Place London, United Kingdom Zip W1S 3LG Product oil and gas exploration and production Stock Symbol AIM:GPX Phone number +44 20 7434 60 60 Website http://www.gulfsands.com/s/Hom References Gulfsands Petroleum[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Gulfsands Petroleum is a company based in London, United Kingdom. Gulfsands Petroleum has oil exploration and development projects in Syria, oil exploration projects in Tunisia, and upstream and midstream oil and gas development activities in Iraq. While Gulfsands Petroleum's focus areas are

267

Categorical Exclusion (CX) Determinations By Date | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

30, 2011 30, 2011 CX-007657: Categorical Exclusion Determination Preparation of Phase-Pure Standards CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 11/30/2011 Location(s): South Carolina Offices(s): Savannah River Operations Office November 30, 2011 CX-007656: Categorical Exclusion Determination Operation of Extrel MAX300LG Mass Spectrometer and VICI Metronics Dynacalibrator Calibration Gas Generator at 999-1W CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 11/30/2011 Location(s): South Carolina Offices(s): Savannah River Operations Office November 30, 2011 CX-007398: Categorical Exclusion Determination Scalable High-Efficiency Thin-Crystalline Silicon Cells Enabled by Light-Trapping Nanostructures CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6 Date: 11/30/2011 Location(s): Massachusetts Offices(s): Golden Field Office November 30, 2011 CX-007580: Categorical Exclusion Determination

268

TYPE OF OPERATION R Research & Development T& Facility Type  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

--____ --____ R Research & Development T& Facility Type 0 Production scale testing a Pilat scale Y-. Bench Scale Process i Theoretical Studies Sample & Analysis 0 Productian 0 Disposal/Storage a Research Organization a Government 0 Other Sponsored i F[fa' tty ------__------__ I Prime 5 Subcontractor 0 Purchase Order a Other information (i.e., cost + fixed fee, unit p CgNTRACTING PERIOD: L.&G , PX& & cx LFkoL ~~~~~~~~~----------_ __ _______ OWNERSH; P: AEC/MED AEC/MED GOVT GOVT CONTRACTOR Cot+ "ACTOR OWNED LEASED ----- -----_ w!ET) C_EtlSLE ~~s!_NE!?~~ z L ACZD -------- - LANDS a BUILDINGS 0 EQUIPMENT u ORE OR RAW MATL FINAL PRODUCT f i ; : ' 0 WASTE .% RESIDLIE q 0 G G &EC/NED INVOLVEtiE?4T AT SITE .--------_------___~~~~~~~-- ,I

269

THE AEROSPACE CORPORATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

,' ,' \ -_e /' Suite 4000, 955 L' Erzfunt Plaza. S. W , bhrhrnqton, D.C. 20024, Telephone: (202) 488.6000 7117-01.87.sej.16 Mr. Andrew Wallo, III, NE-23 Division of Facility & Site Decommissioning Projects U.S. Department of Energy Germantown, Maryland 20545 Dear Mr. Wallo: FINAL ELIMINATION REPORTS AND SITE SUMMARIES Aerospace has completed its review and is forwarding the final elimination reports and site summaries for the following sites: /jZ.~la pi.0; I) PAA 0 z 0 p 1.7 , Cd> I 0 ( ' i ' 7 ' !, 0 ' C E q ' I) ~~~I' ~~ . LG.0 I@ iJ r; r>7, 0 w,or l University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ TVA, Muscle Shoals, AL Dow Chemical Company, Walnut Creek, CA Colorado School of M ines, Golden, CO Havens Lab, Bridgeport Brass, Bridgeport, CT General Chemical (Allied Chemical), N. Claymont, DE

270

KENNECOTT COPPER CORPORATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

* * ?a, a5 fF#LG 44 it .L &=d ,,*, " ~=iL.oeL~~ KENNECOTT COPPER CORPORATION 101 EAST 42.. STREET $7/$ ,2 : -$ NEW YORU 17, N. Y. AND KOPPERS COMPAN,Y, INC. KOppERS B",'o,,,,G PITTSBURGH 19. PA. Classification Officer, OR0 October ,30, l!% ?!r. S. R. Saptile, Mmagez Oak Ridge Operations Office II. S. Atomic Enerfg Comission P. 0. BOX R. Oak Ridge, Tennessee Attention; Hr. John It. Moore, Director Contract Dltisloa Subjects Addendum (A) to F~oposal for a Feed Materials Processing Plant, dated September 27, WS6 Dear !&. Moore: In the proposal for a feed materials proce.esGg plaut for the production of uranium hexafluoride that uas submitted ~olntly by, Koppers Cm, Inc. and Kennecott Copper Corporation uuder dateof September 27, W%, we described a

271

Y NATIOXAL RESFARCH CORPCRATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

P P Y NATIOXAL RESFARCH CORPCRATION 70 ?deacrial Drive Cambridge 42, Uassachusetts hA, IO Dr. Chsrles D. f!arringtcn Zallinckrodt Chanicol works Second and Malli.nc:nodt Streets St. Louis 7, Missouri Sear Dr. Harri..gtcnr During your visit to Natlcnal Research Ccrpcrnticn on July 16, 1949,~ yoil requastcdthat we Submit a DrCPCSd for DrB~mh? 12 in~0t.S d x-m&alto be used in the study f cllcwing program: Iib propose the I?lrpcse of 'fiork -- TW3lV3 25-pound ingot! are to be ' f;.. prepnrcd bjr vacu'~3 melting md castins of charge material supplied by hlallinc~c&t Chemical Wcrla for the purpose of determin- i?lg the effects of variation in operating pressure 011 yield, purity, and certain prcp- erties. In addition to the ingots, Natimal Resew& will deliver all scrap and remnants

272

Recovery Act Reports | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

February 19, 2013 February 19, 2013 Examination Report: OAS-RA-13-09 North Carolina State Energy Office - Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program Funds Provided by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 February 8, 2013 Special Report: OAS-RA-13-10 The Department of Energy's Management of the Award of a $150 Million Recovery Act Grant to LG Chem Michigan Inc January 17, 2013 Audit Report: OAS-RA-13-07 The Department of Energy's Weatherization Assistance Program Funded under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act for the State of Maryland January 17, 2013 Examination Report: OAS-RA-13-06 Montgomery County Department of Housing and Community Affairs - Weatherization Assistance Program Funds Provided by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

273

DOE Receives Responses on the Implementation of Large-Capacity Clothes  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Receives Responses on the Implementation of Large-Capacity Receives Responses on the Implementation of Large-Capacity Clothes Washer Waivers DOE Receives Responses on the Implementation of Large-Capacity Clothes Washer Waivers December 8, 2010 - 11:02am Addthis The Department last week invited interested parties to submit views on the proper application of waivers establishing alternative test procedures for existing large-capacity residential clothes washer models and units. We received responses from several parties, which can be found below. Alliance Laundry Systems EarthJustice Electrolux GE Appliances and Lighting LG Electronics Whirlpool Corporation The Department is currently reviewing these responses and will promptly make public its conclusions. Addthis Related Articles DOE Solicits Views on the Implementation of Large-Capacity Clothes Washer

274

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B3.6 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

30, 2011 30, 2011 CX-007410: Categorical Exclusion Determination Deep Geothermal Drilling using Millimeter Wave Technology CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6 Date: 11/30/2011 Location(s): Massachusetts Offices(s): Golden Field Office November 30, 2011 CX-007657: Categorical Exclusion Determination Preparation of Phase-Pure Standards CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 11/30/2011 Location(s): South Carolina Offices(s): Savannah River Operations Office November 30, 2011 CX-007656: Categorical Exclusion Determination Operation of Extrel MAX300LG Mass Spectrometer and VICI Metronics Dynacalibrator Calibration Gas Generator at 999-1W CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 11/30/2011 Location(s): South Carolina Offices(s): Savannah River Operations Office November 30, 2011 CX-007398: Categorical Exclusion Determination

275

Media Center - TTRDC in the News  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Press Coverage - Argonne strikes licensing deals with LG Chem, GM for advanced battery technology January 18, 2011 -- Green Investing GM To Build On U.S. Lab's EV Battery January 12, 2011 -- Consumer Reports GM and Argonne sign deal to provide advanced battery technology January 7, 2011 -- Foreign Policy Magazine A U.S. shot in the battery wars January 7, 2011 -- Chicago Tribune Expectations high for Argonne's battery technology January 7, 2011 -- Popular Science GM's New Battery Chemistry? It's Already In the Chevy Volt January 6, 2011 -- New York Times General Motors Licenses Promising Battery Technology January 6, 2011 -- Detroit Free Press GM, Argonne, reach deal for Chevy Volt battery January 6, 2011 -- Wall Street Journal GM Licenses Technology to Double Battery Performance

276

ARM - Datastreams - fslruc60  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Datastreamsfslruc60 Datastreamsfslruc60 Documentation XDC documentation Data Quality Plots ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Datastream : FSLRUC60 Rapid Update Cycle (RUC) model: FSL output, 60 km resolution Active Dates 1994.10.24 - 1994.11.16 Measurement Categories Atmospheric State, Radiometric, Surface Properties Originating Instrument Rapid Update Cycle Model Data (RUC) Measurements The measurements below provided by this product are those considered scientifically relevant. Measurement Variable Precipitation ConvP Latent heat flux LHF Precipitation LgSP Atmospheric pressure MMSP Net broadband total irradiance NR Precipitation PR Precipitation PW Sensible heat flux SHF Soil surface temperature ST Atmospheric pressure

277

air conditioner | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

air conditioner air conditioner Dataset Summary Description View 2010 energy efficiency data from AeroSys Inc, Coaire, Cold Point, First Operations, LG Electronics, Nordyne, and Quietside manufacturers. Data includes cooling capacity, cooling performance, heating capacity, and heating performance. Spreadsheet was created by combining the tables in pdf files that are included in the zip file. Source Energy Applicance Data - United States Federal Trade Commission, www.ftc.gov Date Released Unknown Date Updated Unknown Keywords air conditioner central air conditioner efficiency efficient energy heat pump Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon 2010_CentralAC_All.xls (xls, 82.4 KiB) application/zip icon 2010CentralAirConditioner.zip (zip, 398.2 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review

278

efficiency | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

efficiency efficiency Dataset Summary Description View 2010 energy efficiency data from AeroSys Inc, Coaire, Cold Point, First Operations, LG Electronics, Nordyne, and Quietside manufacturers. Data includes cooling capacity, cooling performance, heating capacity, and heating performance. Spreadsheet was created by combining the tables in pdf files that are included in the zip file. Source Energy Applicance Data - United States Federal Trade Commission, www.ftc.gov Date Released Unknown Date Updated Unknown Keywords air conditioner central air conditioner efficiency efficient energy heat pump Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon 2010_CentralAC_All.xls (xls, 82.4 KiB) application/zip icon 2010CentralAirConditioner.zip (zip, 398.2 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review

279

Data:Ca3573cf-221c-44ab-86ff-89eee32076ac | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

cf-221c-44ab-86ff-89eee32076ac cf-221c-44ab-86ff-89eee32076ac No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: KEM Electric Coop Inc Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Public Use - Single Phase/Lg Power Sector: Commercial Description: Available to all members who require single phase electric service, and are a government unit: federal, state, local, or public school. Service capacity will be greater than 50 kVa and shall not exceed 999kVa. Service shall be to a single point of service. Type of Service Single Phase, 60 cycles, at secondary voltages. The Cooperative will provide meter, meter socket, and C.T. equipment necessary to measure electric usage.

280

Town of Apex, North Carolina (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Apex, North Carolina (Utility Company) Apex, North Carolina (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name Town of Apex Place North Carolina Utility Id 719 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location SERC NERC SERC Yes ISO Other Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png LARGE GENERAL SERVICE Industrial LARGE GENERAL SERVICE COINCIDENT PEAK (CP) Industrial LARGE GENERAL SERVICE TIME-OF-USE Industrial MEDIUM GENERAL SERVICE Industrial MEDIUM GENERAL SERVICE - COINCIDENT PEAK (CP) Industrial MEDIUM GENERAL SERVICE TIME-OF-USE Industrial RENEWABLE ENERGY FACILITIES - CREDIT RIDER (MG and LG) Commercial

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lg latvia gv" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

efficient | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

efficient efficient Dataset Summary Description View 2010 energy efficiency data from AeroSys Inc, Coaire, Cold Point, First Operations, LG Electronics, Nordyne, and Quietside manufacturers. Data includes cooling capacity, cooling performance, heating capacity, and heating performance. Spreadsheet was created by combining the tables in pdf files that are included in the zip file. Source Energy Applicance Data - United States Federal Trade Commission, www.ftc.gov Date Released Unknown Date Updated Unknown Keywords air conditioner central air conditioner efficiency efficient energy heat pump Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon 2010_CentralAC_All.xls (xls, 82.4 KiB) application/zip icon 2010CentralAirConditioner.zip (zip, 398.2 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review

282

Data:3bc716a5-0024-4c68-acd6-5ae37e87eebf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

-0024-4c68-acd6-5ae37e87eebf -0024-4c68-acd6-5ae37e87eebf No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Gastonia, North Carolina (Utility Company) Effective date: 2012/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: SCHEDULE TOU - Lg. general time of use Sector: Commercial Description: *Fixed Monthly Charge = $137.50 + REPS($2.31) = $139.81 Source or reference: *Binder "A" Gastonia, North Carolina Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V):

283

CX-007656: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

656: Categorical Exclusion Determination 656: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-007656: Categorical Exclusion Determination Operation of Extrel MAX300LG Mass Spectrometer and VICI Metronics Dynacalibrator Calibration Gas Generator at 999-1W CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 11/30/2011 Location(s): South Carolina Offices(s): Savannah River Operations Office The mass spectrometer will be used to measure the composition of gases from laboratory experiments at 999-1W. The VICI Metronics Dynacalibrator will be used to generate low concentration calibration gases; initially, mercury in nitrogen or argon calibration gases will be generated. Other calibration gases may be generated in the future. CX-007656.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-008636: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-009617: Categorical Exclusion Determination

284

MEMORANDUM TO: FILE FROM: TYPE OF OPERATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

, , TYPE OF OPERATION ~_--_-----_---___ 69 Research & Development a Facility. Type 0 Production scale testing Cl Pilat Scale IK Bench Scale Process 0 Theoretical Studies u Sample & Analysis q Production 0 Disposal/Storage a Manufacturing 0 University 0 Research Organization 0 Government Sponsored Facility 0 Other --------------__----- TYPE OF CONTRACT ---------------- 0 Prime 0 Other information (i.e., cost 0 Subcontractor + fixed fee, unit price, 5 Purchase Order ~SlvtM ay LuPo~l- time & material, r+c) _L-G~-~~~ ------GA------ Contract/Purchase Order # 3 I -? ciYl---------------------------- AZ. FG CONTRACTING PERIOD: --------__--_____- ----&-b&-f zw------ ______________ OWNERSHIP: AEC/MED AEC/MED OWE_3 LE_A_sEQ GOUT GOVT CONTRACTOR CONTRACTOR

285

U.S. DEPARThlFNT OF ENFRGY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NFPA DETEIU.llNATION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

~"I,' l\ ~"I,' l\ U.S. DEPARThlFNT OF ENFRGY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NFPA DETEIU.llNATION RECIPIENT:Fairbanks North Star Borough PROJECT TITLE: Fairbanks Geothermal Energy Project Page 1 of2 STATE: AK Funding Opportunity Announcement Number Procurement Instrument Number NEPA Control Number CID Number DE-EEOOO3219 GF0-0003219-002 0 Rued on my review orlhe information concerning the proposed action, as NEPA Compliance Officer (authorized under DOE Order 45I.1A), I bne made the (ollowing determination: ex, EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBt-:R: Description: 65.12 Workover (operations to restore production, such as deepening, plugging back, pulling and resetting lines. and squeeze cementll'lg) of an existing oil, gas, or geothermal well to restore production when workOVElf operations will be restricted

286

Modeling Turbulent Flow  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Turbulent Turbulent Flow with Implicit LES L.G. Margolin 1 Proceedings of the Joint Russian-American Five Laboratory Conference on Computational Mathematics/Physics 19-23 June, 2005 Vienna, Austria 1 Applied Physics Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545, len@lanl.gov 1 Abstract Implicit large eddy simulation (ILES) is a methodology for modeling high Reynolds' num- ber flows that combines computational efficiency and ease of implementation with predictive calculations and flexible application. Although ILES has been used for more than fifteen years, it is only recently that significant effort has gone into providing a physical rationale that speaks to its capabilities and its limitations. In this talk, we will present new theoret- ical results aimed toward building a justification and discuss some remaining gaps in our understanding and our practical

287

Parke County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Parke County Rural E M C Parke County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name Parke County Rural E M C Place Indiana Utility Id 14471 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png RATE SCHEDULE C (Rate 3 and 4) Commercial RATE SCHEDULE LG-OP (Rate 5) Commercial Rate Rider DG (Rate 11) Distributed Generation Rider Option 1 Commercial Rate Rider DG (Rate 11) Distributed Generation Rider Option 2 Commercial Rate Rider P (Rate 66) Prepaid Service Commercial Rate Rider RE(RATE 66) Residential

288

Data:De9a0635-838e-41b7-8641-83745123c0d1 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

a0635-838e-41b7-8641-83745123c0d1 a0635-838e-41b7-8641-83745123c0d1 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Rock Hill, South Carolina (Utility Company) Effective date: 2013/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: General Service/Large Demand (Schedule LG) Sector: Industrial Description: Availability: Available only to consumers with a metered demand in excess of 750 kw, including commercial and industrial consumers, county building, schools, churches, and other eleemosynary consumers, for lighting, cooking, heating, refrigeration, water heating and other power service supplies to the individual store, industry, commercial establishment, or other qualified consumer through a single meter at one delivery point.

289

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

11 - 3320 of 26,777 results. 11 - 3320 of 26,777 results. Download Special Report: OAS-RA-13-10 The Department of Energy's Management of the Award of a $150 Million Recovery Act Grant to LG Chem Michigan Inc http://energy.gov/ig/downloads/special-report-oas-ra-13-10 Download CX-010687: Categorical Exclusion Determination Optimization Project Area #1 CX(s) Applied: B2.5, B5.2, B5.4, B5.5 Date: 07/26/2013 Location(s): Wyoming Offices(s): RMOTC http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-010687-categorical-exclusion-determination Download EIS-0350-S1: Amended Record of Decision Nuclear Facility Portion of the Chemistry and Metallurgy Research Building Replacement Project at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/eis-0350-s1-amended-record-decision Download EIS-0375: Draft Environmental Impact Statement

290

MRST partons generated in a fixed-flavor scheme.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ar X iv :h ep -p h/ 06 03 14 3v 1 2 0 M ar 2 00 6 IPPP/06/13 DCPT/06/26 Cavendish-HEP-2006/07 MRST partons generated in a fixed-flavour scheme A.D. Martina, W.J. Stirlinga and R.S. Thornec,1 a Institute for Particle Physics Phenomenology... of such an inconsistency on a physical quantity is provided by the evolution of FL. At leading order the gluon contribution to FL is FL = ?S C1Lg ? g, (2) 2We thank Eric Laenen for clarifying this point. 1 3-Flavour Gluon -4 -2 0 2 4 6 10 -5 10 -4 10 -3 10 -2 10 -1 1 x g(x...

Martin, A D; Stirling, W James; Thorne, Robert S

291

Liquid-gas phase transition in hot asymmetric nuclear matter with density-dependent relativistic mean-field models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The liquid-gas phase transition in hot asymmetric nuclear matter is studied within density-dependent relativistic mean-field models where the density dependence is introduced according to the Brown-Rho scaling and constrained by available data at low densities and empirical properties of nuclear matter. The critical temperature of the liquid-gas phase transition is obtained to be 15.7 MeV in symmetric nuclear matter falling on the lower edge of the small experimental error bars. In hot asymmetric matter, the boundary of the phase-coexistence region is found to be sensitive to the density dependence of the symmetry energy. The critical pressure and the area of phase-coexistence region increases clearly with the softening of the symmetry energy. The critical temperature of hot asymmetric matter separating the gas phase from the LG coexistence phase is found to be higher for the softer symmetry energy.

Guang-Hua Zhang; Wei-Zhou Jiang

2012-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

292

Liquefied gaseous fuels safety and environmental control assessment program: third status report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Status Report contains contributions from all contractors currently participating in the DOE Liquefied Gaseous Fuels (LG) Safety and Environmental Control Assessment Program and is presented in two principal sections. Section I is an Executive Summary of work done by all program participants. Section II is a presentation of fourteen individual reports (A through N) on specific LGF Program activities. The emphasis of Section II is on research conducted by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (Reports A through M). Report N, an annotated bibliography of literature related to LNG safety and environmental control, was prepared by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) as part of its LGF Safety Studies Project. Other organizations who contributed to this Status Report are Aerojet Energy Conversion Company; Applied Technology Corporation; Arthur D. Little, Incorporated; C/sub v/ International, Incorporated; Institute of Gas Technology; and Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Separate abstracts have been prepared for Reports A through N for inclusion in the Energy Data Base.

Not Available

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Rotating heat pipe for air-conditioning  

SciTech Connect

A unique rotary hermetic heat pipe is disclosed for transferring heat from an external source to an external heat sink. The heat pipe has a tapered condensing surface which is curved preferably to provide uniform pumping acceleration, the heat pipe being rotated at a velocity such that the component of centrifugal acceleration in an axial direction parallel to the tapered surface is greater than lG and so that the condensing surface is kept relatively free of liquid at any attitude. The heat pipe may be incorporated in an air conditioning apparatus so that it projects through a small wall opening. In the preferred air conditioning apparatus, a hollow hermetic air impeller is provided which contains a liquefied gaseous refrigerant, such as freon, and means are provided for compressing the refrigerant in the evaporator region of the heat pipe.

Gray, V.H.

1976-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

294

Stability versus Sustainability: Energy Policy in the Gulf Monarchies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

subsidymadeittheNo.2energysubsidizerinthe world,behindIran. Figure11:Fossil fuelsubsidyrankingsonpercapita asis(Source:IEA,2011) $0 $500 $1,000 $1,500 $2,000 $2,500 $3,000 Ku w ai t U A E Q at ar Sa ud iA ra bi a Ir an Tu rk m en is ta n... Ve ne zu el a Li by a U zb ek is ta n Ir aq A lg er ia Ru ss ia Ka za kh st an Ec ua do r Eg yp t M al ay si a U kr ai ne A rg en tin a Th ai la nd A ze rb ai ja n Percapitafossilfuel subsidies,US$2009(IEA) b...

Krane, Jim

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

H.H. Khenpo Jigme Phuntsho A Tribute and a Translation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Buddhas and the one singly heroic in destroying the misfortunes of degenerate age, along with his line of saints, bless Your Majesty. 134 s- o`N-e-bo'i-db/-'PN-dguN-ls-mTo; ;'bNs-i- e`-bo-rN-dbN-bde-dges-'o; ; kun-... -id--bdun-Xi-ONs-+n-'di-ni-Cos-l-oN-bn-Um-po'i-yN- 'dul-Xi-g/g-lg-KN-Cen-por-' ug-l-po-dN--'Kor-n-s-l-mjl-'d-ed-bs- Ng-dbN-o-Oos-m/Ns-med-i-yid-Nor-Sr-b-bZin-mKn-po-bsod-dr-s-is-yi-ge'i- gz/gs-s-p-dge-legs-'Pel; ;rb-uN-bc...

Phuntsho, Karma

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Fusion of symmetric $D$-branes and Verlinde rings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explain how multiplicative bundle gerbes over a compact, connected and simple Lie group $G$ lead to a certain fusion category of equivariant bundle gerbe modules given by pre-quantizable Hamiltonian $LG$-manifolds arising from Alekseev-Malkin-Meinrenken's quasi-Hamiltonian $G$-spaces. The motivation comes from string theory namely, by generalising the notion of $D$-branes in $G$ to allow subsets of $G$ that are the image of a $G$-valued moment map we can define a `fusion of $D$-branes' and a map to the Verlinde ring of the loop group of $G$ which preserves the product structure. The idea is suggested by the theorem of Freed-Hopkins-Teleman. The case where $G$ is not simply connected is studied carefully in terms of equivariant bundle gerbe modules for multiplicative bundle gerbes.

A. L. Carey; Bai-Ling Wang

2005-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

297

Composition of Toxic Leachate and Unstable Compost to Produce Biodegradable Material  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: This paper reports a study of mixing two materials that were toxic leachate and unstable compost, aiming to produce biodegradable material. Various low levels of BOD/COD of leachate were mixed with various high levels of C/N of unstable compost. CO2 evolution test was performed to measure the degree of biodegradable materials. The leachate contained BOD and COD that were more than 100 and 500 mg LG 1 respectively and represented by BOD/COD ratio of less than 0.1. The compost characterized by C/N ratio in the range of 15-20. Results showed that leachate and compost mixture produced biodegradable material. A mixture containing 20 % leachate and 80 % compost produced high level of biodegradable material. Key words: Toxic leachate % Unstable compost % Biodegradable material

Sarwoko Mangkoedihardjo; Yulia Maghriba; Rachmat Boedisantoso

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Impact of ALD Coating on Mn-rich Cathode Materials (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

LG Chem Power Inc. (LGCPI) and NREL have collaborated to demonstrate the scalability of the atomic layer deposition (ALD) coating process over the last 6 months, and the benefits of ALD coatings for long-term cycling and calendar life are being quantified. The objectives of this work are two-fold: 1) to evaluate the scalability of the process to coat LGCPI cathodes with alumina using the ALD technique, and 2) to demonstrate improvements in rate capability and life of ALD-coated LGCPI electrodes. NREL received samples of baseline material to be coated from LGCPI. NREL carried out ALD coating of the samples with help from a subcontractor, ALD Nanosolutions. NREL fabricated cells from those samples for quick screening and feedback to ALD Nanosolutions. LGCPI is currently fabricating larger-format cells for further evaluation.

Santhanagopalan, S.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Q Model for the Pacific Northwest  

SciTech Connect

USArray seismic data can be used to generate high resolution attenuation (1/Q) models using regional wave amplitudes. Our Q models have been produced for purposes of explosion monitoring (discrimination and yield estimation), for which we focus on small signals at local to regional distances (to 2000 km). We present Q models for regional Lg, which is sensitive to crustal properties averaged over depth. The frequency range of the study is 0.5-16 Hz. Details of Q models may have limited effect over the short distances of interest to hazard work; however, maps may be useful for regionalizing high versus low Q areas. This study has been submitted to a PAGEOPH special issue on monitoring seismology.

Hearn, Thomas [NMSU; Phillips, William S. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

300

KT Monograph Section F01 Appendix  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lia cf .V ici ae rv ili a V. er vi lia /L ath yr us sa tiv us La th yr us sa tiv us cf .L ath yr us sa tiv us sm all 'L ath yr us sa tiv us Pi su m sa tiv um Pi su m sp . cf .P isu m Le ns sp . cf .L en ss p. Pi su m /L en s La rg el eg um ei nd et. 0... su m /L en s La rg el eg um ei nd et. H. di sti ch um /v ul ga re cf . sy m m etr ic H. di sti ch um /v ul ga re sm all hu lle d in de t. H. di sti ch um /v ul ga re sm all in de t. H. di sti ch um /v ul ga re cf . tai lg ra in s H. di sti ch um /v ul...

Bending, J

2004-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lg latvia gv" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

TYPE OF OPERATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

OWNEF? (S) OWNEF? (S) Current: ____ LcrcJksLG! _________ Owner contacted n yes WI-IO; if yes, date contacted-- TYPE OF OPERATION ----_-------_---- m Research & Development Cl Pilot Scale Cl Disposal/Storaqe TYPE OF CDNTRACT ---__------__--- q Prime 0 Subcnntractor Cl Purchase Order 0 Other infcrmation (i.e., cnst + fixed fee, unit price, time 84 materi+, e.tc) v-7Y07-&G-W ---------------------------- Contract/Pur&aae Order # 0 -?+7- FJc-(CL --___--------~----_______________ CONTRACTING PEXIOD: fl& ,&I;'"'-?;': (&e-?)_-- ' ------------------ OWNERSHIP: AEC/MED GEC/MED SOVT GOVT CONTRACTOR CCNTRACTOR OWNE3 LEASE3 OWNE3 LEASED OWNE3 ----- ------ ----- ------ -__------- LE.352 LANDS u u q BUILDINGS EQUIPMENT 0 FINAL PRODUCT WASTE G RESIDUE a

302

ConsumTechNotes2012.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Data: Data: Consumption 31 P E T R O L E U M O V E R V I E W U.S. Energy Information Administration 32 State Energy Data: Consumption Petroleum Products Residential Sector Estimated Consumption (RC) Commercial Sector Estimated Consumption (CC) Industrial Sector Estimated Consumption (IC) Transportation Sector Estimated Consumption (AC) Electric Power Sector Estimated Consumption (EI) Total Estimated Consumption (TC) Asphalt and Road Oil (AR) ARIC = ARTC + + Aviation Gasoline (AV) AVAC = AVTC + + Distillate Fuel Oil (DF) DFRC + DFCC + DFIC + DFAC + DFEI = DFTC + + + + + + Jet Fuel (JF) JFAC JFEU = JFTC + + Kerosene (KS) KSRC + KSCC + KSIC = KSTC + + + + Liquefied Petroleum Gases (LG) LGRC + LGCC + LGIC + LGAC = LGTC + + + Lubricants (LU) + LUIC LUAC = LUTC + + + Motor Gasoline (MG) MGCC MGIC MGAC = MGTC + + + + Residual Fuel Oil (RF) RFCC RFIC + RFAC + RFEI = RFTC + + + Other Petroleum Products (PO) PCCC 1 + POIC 2 + PCEI 1 = POTC Total

303

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

91 - 19400 of 28,560 results. 91 - 19400 of 28,560 results. Page Fossil Energy RSS Feeds RSS, sometimes known as Really Simple Syndication, is a popular means of sharing content (such as news headlines) without requiring readers to constantly visit a Web site to see what's new. RSS... http://energy.gov/fe/fossil-energy-rss-feeds Download Minnesota Recovery Act State Memo http://energy.gov/downloads/minnesota-recovery-act-state-memo Download Special Report: OAS-RA-13-10 The Department of Energy's Management of the Award of a $150 Million Recovery Act Grant to LG Chem Michigan Inc http://energy.gov/ig/downloads/special-report-oas-ra-13-10 Download Memorandum for General Counsels, NEPA Liaisons and Participants in Scoping As part of its continuing oversight of the implementation of the NEPA

304

X:\ARM_19~1\P273-281.WPD  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Z Z c T KL In[q KL /q SO ] 1 q SO 0.622 Lg R v T KL C p g R D 1 C (1 g kg 1 ) Z c , Session Papers 277 Figure 1. Simulation at 1800 GMT, +6 hrs. A Shallow Convection Parameterization for the Non-Hydrostatic MM5 Mesoscale Model N. L. Seaman, J. S. Kain, and A. Deng Pennsylvania State University, Department of Meteorology University Park, Pennsylvania A shallow convection parameterization suitable for the non-hydrostatic Pennsylvania State University (PSU)/ National Center for Atmospheric Research MM5 mesoscale model is being developed at PSU. The parameterization is based on parcel perturbation theory developed in conjunction with a 1-D Mellor-Yamada 1.5-order planetary boundary layer (PBL) scheme and the Kain-Fritsch (KF) deep convection model (Kain and Fritsch 1990). Development is done within a 1-D framework to allow

305

 

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Voids in the Local Volume galaxy sample and in high resolution simulations: Voids in the Local Volume galaxy sample and in high resolution simulations: Limit on appearance of a galaxy in a Dark Matter halo Dr. Anton Tikhonov, St.Petersburg, Russia Abstract: Current explanation of the overabundance of dark matter subhalos in the Local Group (LG) indicates that there maybe a limit on mass of a halo, which can host a galaxy. This idea can be tested using voids in the distribution of galaxies: at some level small voids should not contain any (even dwarf) galaxies. We use observational samples complete to M_B=-12 with distances less than 8 Mpc to construct the void function (VF): the distribution of sizes of voids empty of any galaxies. There are ~30 voids with sizes ranging from 1 to 5 Mpc. We also study the distribution of dark matter halos in very high resolution simulations of the LCDM model. The

306

Oil and Gas Company Oil and Gas Company Address Place Zip Website  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Company Oil and Gas Company Address Place Zip Website Company Oil and Gas Company Address Place Zip Website Abu Dhabi National Oil Company Abu Dhabi National Oil Company Abu http www adnoc ae default aspx Al Furat Petroleum Company Al Furat Petroleum Company Damascus Syria http www afpc sy com new history htm Dolphin Energy Dolphin Energy Abu Dhabi Trade Center Building Abu Dhabi United Arab Emirates http www dolphinenergy com Public default index htm ExxonMobil ExxonMobil Las Colinas Boulevard Irving Texas http www exxonmobil com Corporate Gazprom Gazprom Nametkina St Moscow Russia http www gazprom com Gulfsands Petroleum Gulfsands Petroleum Cork Street London United Kingdom W1S LG http www gulfsands com s Home asp Kuwait Petroleum Corporation Kuwait Petroleum Corporation Safat Kuwait http www kpc com kw default aspx

307

The Department of Energy's Innovation in GM's Chevrolet Volt | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Innovation in GM's Chevrolet Volt Innovation in GM's Chevrolet Volt The Department of Energy's Innovation in GM's Chevrolet Volt January 11, 2011 - 11:49am Addthis Chevy Volt and replica battery | Photo Courtesy of Argonne Lab's Flickr Chevy Volt and replica battery | Photo Courtesy of Argonne Lab's Flickr Patrick B. Davis Patrick B. Davis Vehicle Technologies Program Manager Last Thursday was a big day in the world of advanced vehicle batteries. On January 6, the Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory announced that General Motors and its battery cell supplier, LG Chem Power Inc., have each signed licensing agreements to use Argonne's breakthrough battery technology. Funded by the Department, scientists at Argonne have developed a unique suite of cathode materials - a 'family' of lithium-rich

308

Identification of Quantitative Trait Loci (QTL) and Candidate Genes for Cadmium Tolerance in Populus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Knowledge of genetic variation in response of Populus to heavy metals like cadmium (Cd) is an important step in understanding the underlying mechanisms of tolerance. In this study, a pseudo-backcross pedigree of Populus trichocarpa and Populus deltoides was characterized for Cd exposure. The pedigree showed significant variation for Cd tolerance thus enabling the identification of relatively tolerant and susceptible genotypes for intensive characterization. A total of 16 QTLs at logarithm of odds (LOD) ratio > 2.5, were found to be associated with total dry weight, its components, and root volume. Four major QTLs for total dry weight were mapped to different linkage groups in control (LG III) and Cd conditions (LG XVI) and had opposite allelic effects on Cd tolerance, suggesting that these genomic regions were differentially controlled. The phenotypic variation explained by Cd QTL for all traits under study varied from 5.9% to 11.6% and averaged 8.2% across all QTL. Leaf Cd contents also showed significant variation suggesting the phytoextraction potential of Populus genotypes, though heritability of this trait was low (0.22). A whole-genome microarray study was conducted by using two genotypes with extreme responses for Cd tolerance in the above study and differentially expressed genes were identified. Candidate genes including CAD2 (CADMIUM SENSITIVE 2), HMA5 (HEAVY METAL ATPase5), ATGTST1 (Arabidopsis thaliana Glutathione S-Transferase1), ATGPX6 (Glutathione peroxidase 6), and ATMRP 14 (Arabidopsis thaliana Multidrug Resistance associated Protein 14) were identified from QTL intervals and microarray study. Functional characterization of these candidate genes could enhance phytoremediation capabilities of Populus.

Induri, Brahma R [West Virginia University; Ellis, Danielle R [West Virginia University; Slavov, Gancho [West Virginia University; Yin, Tongming [ORNL; Muchero, Wellington [ORNL; Tuskan, Gerald A [ORNL; DiFazio, Stephen P [West Virginia University

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

SHORT VERSUS LONG AND COLLAPSARS VERSUS NON-COLLAPSARS: A QUANTITATIVE CLASSIFICATION OF GAMMA-RAY BURSTS  

SciTech Connect

Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are traditionally divided into long and short according to their durations (lg2 s). It was generally believed that this reflects a different physical origin: collapsars (long) and non-collapsars (short). We have recently shown that the duration distribution of collapsars is flat, namely, independent of the duration, at short durations. Using this model for the distribution of Collapsars we determine the duration distribution of non-Collapsars and estimate the probability that a burst with a given duration (and hardness) is a Collapsar or not. We find that this probability depends strongly on the spectral window of the observing detector. While the commonly used limit of 2 s is conservative and suitable for BATSE bursts, 40% of Swift's bursts shorter than 2 s are Collapsars and the division lg0.8 s is more suitable for Swift. We find that the duration overlap of the two populations is very large. On the one hand there is a non-negligible fraction of non-Collapsars longer than 10 s, while on the other hand even bursts shorter than 0.5 s in the Swift sample have a non-negligible probability to be Collapsars. Our results enable the construction of non-Collapsar samples while controlling the Collapsar contamination. They also highlight that no firm conclusions can be drawn based on a single burst and they have numerous implications concerning previous studies of non-Collapsar properties that were based on the current significantly contaminated Swift samples of localized short GRBs. Specifically (1) all known short bursts with z > 1 are most likely Collapsars; (2) the only short burst with a clear jet break is most likely a Collapsar, indicating our lack of knowledge concerning non-Collapsar beaming; and (3) the existence of non-Collapsars with durations up to 10 s imposes new challenges to non-Collapsar models.

Bromberg, Omer; Piran, Tsvi; Sari, Re'em [Racah Institute of Physics, The Hebrew University, 91904 Jerusalem (Israel)] [Racah Institute of Physics, The Hebrew University, 91904 Jerusalem (Israel); Nakar, Ehud [The Raymond and Berverly Sackler School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, 69978 Tel Aviv (Israel)] [The Raymond and Berverly Sackler School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, 69978 Tel Aviv (Israel)

2013-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

310

Supercement for Annular Seal and Long-Term Integrity in Deep, Hot Wells "Deep Trek"  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of this project is to formulate a ''Supercement'' designed for improving the long-term sealing integrity in HPHT wells. Phase I concentrated on chemistry studies and screening tests to design and evaluate Portland-based, hybrid Portland, and non-Portland-based cement systems suitable for further scale-up testing. Phase II work concentrated on additional lab and field testing to reduce the candidate materials list to two systems, as well as scale up activities aimed at verifying performance at the field scale. Phase II was extended thorough a proposal to develop additional testing capabilities aimed at quantifying cementing material properties and performance that were previously not possible. Two materials are being taken into Phase III for field testing and commercialization: {lg_bullet} Highly-expansive cement (Portland-based), patent pending as ''Pre-Stressed Cement'' {lg_bullet} Epoxy Resin (non-Portland-based), patent pending In Phase II, significant effort was expended on scaling up the processes for handling resin in the field, as it is quite different than conventional Portland-based cements in mixing, personnel protection, and cleanup. Through this effort, over fifty (50) field jobs were done at a variety of temperatures and depths, most with excellent results. Large-scale field testing was less relevant with Pre-stressed Cement, because the materials and surface processes do not vary from those that have been developed for conventional Portland materials over the last eighty (80) years. The formulation is quite unique, however, and performs very differently than conventional Portland cements downhole.

Kevin D. Edgley; Fred L. Sabins; Larry T. Watters

2005-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

311

wprime_s056210-web.dvi  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

May May 2012 by G. Brooijmans (Columbia University), M.-C. Chen (UC Irvine) and B.A. Dobrescu (Fermilab). The W ' boson is a hypothetical massive particle of electric charge ±1 and spin 1, which is predicted in various extensions of the Standard Model. W ' couplings to quarks and leptons. The Lagrangian terms describing couplings of a W '+ boson to fermions are given by W '+ µ √ 2 u i C R q ij P R +C L q ij P L γ µ d j +ν i C R l ij P R +C L l ij P L γ µ e j . (1) Here u, d, ν and e are the Standard Model fermions in the mass eigenstate basis, i, j = 1, 2, 3 label the fermion generation, and P R,L = (1 ± γ 5 )/2. The coefficients C L q ij , C R q ij , C L l ij , C R l ij are complex dimensionless parameters. If C R l ij = 0, then the ith generation includes a right-handed neutrino. Using this notation, the Standard Model W couplings are C L q = gV CKM , C L l = g and C R q = C R l = 0. Unitarity considerations imply that the W ' is a gauge boson

312

A 233 km tunnel for lepton and hadron colliders  

SciTech Connect

A decade ago, a cost analysis was conducted to bore a 233 km circumference Very Large Hadron Collider (VLHC) tunnel passing through Fermilab. Here we outline implementations of e{sup +}e{sup -}, pp-bar , and {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -} collider rings in this tunnel using recent technological innovations. The 240 and 500 GeV e{sup +}e{sup -} colliders employ Crab Waist Crossings, ultra low emittance damped bunches, short vertical IP focal lengths, superconducting RF, and low coercivity, grain oriented silicon steel/concrete dipoles. Some details are also provided for a high luminosity 240 GeV e{sup +}e{sup -} collider and 1.75 TeV muon accelerator in a Fermilab site filler tunnel. The 40 TeV pp-bar collider uses the high intensity Fermilab p-bar source, exploits high cross sections for pp-bar production of high mass states, and uses 2 Tesla ultra low carbon steel/YBCO superconducting magnets run with liquid neon. The 35 TeV muon ring ramps the 2 Tesla superconducting magnets at 9 Hz every 0.4 seconds, uses 250 GV of superconducting RF to accelerate muons from 1.75 to 17.5 TeV in 63 orbits with 71% survival, and mitigates neutrino radiation with phase shifting, roller coaster motion in a FODO lattice.

Summers, D. J.; Cremaldi, L. M.; Datta, A.; Duraisamy, M.; Luo, T.; Lyons, G. T. [Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, University of Mississippi-Oxford, University, MS 38677 (United States)

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

313

Cosmic ray velocity and electric charge measurements with the AMS/RICH detector: prototype results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS) to be installed on the International Space Station (ISS) will measure charged cosmic ray spectra of elements up to iron, in the rigidity range from 1 GV to 1 TV, for at least three years. AMS is a large angular spectrometer composed of different subdetectors, including a proximity focusing Ring Imaging CHerenkov (RICH) detector. This will be equipped with a mixed radiator made of aerogel and sodium fluoride (NaF), a lateral conical mirror and a detection plane made of 680 photomultipliers coupled to light guides. The RICH detector allows measurements of particle's electric charge up to iron, and particle's velocity. Two possible methods for reconstructing the Cherenkov angle and the electric charge with the RICH will be discussed. A RICH prototype consisting of a detection matrix with 96 photomultipliers, a segment of a conical mirror and samples of the radiator materials was built and its performance was evaluated using ion beam data. Results from the last test beam performed with ion fragments resulting from the collision of a 158 GeV/c/nucleon primary beam of indium ions (CERN SPS) on a lead target are reported. The large amount of collected data allowed to test and characterize different aerogel samples and the NaF radiator. In addition, the reflectivity of the mirror was evaluated. The data analysis confirms the design goals.

Lusa Arruda; Fernando Baro; Patrcia Gonalves; Rui Pereira

2008-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

314

Gas6 Downregulation Impaired Cytoplasmic Maturation and Pronuclear Formation Independent to the MPF Activity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Previously, we found that the growth arrest-specific gene 6 (Gas6) is more highly expressed in germinal vesicle (GV) oocytes than in metaphase II (MII) oocytes using annealing control primer (ACP)-PCR technology. The current study was undertaken to investigate the role of Gas6 in oocyte maturation and fertilization using RNA interference (RNAi). Interestingly, despite the specific and marked decrease in Gas6 mRNA and protein expression in GVs after Gas6 RNAi, nuclear maturation including spindle structures and chromosome segregation was not affected. The only discernible effect induced by Gas6 RNAi was a change in maturation promoting factor (MPF) activity. After parthenogenetic activation, Gas6 RNAi-treated oocytes at the MII stage had not developed further and arrested at MII (90.0%). After stimulation with Sr 2+, Gas6-silenced MII oocytes had markedly reduced Ca 2+ oscillation and exhibited no exocytosis of cortical granules. In these oocytes, sperm penetration occurred during fertilization but not pronucleus (PN) formation. By roscovitine and colcemid treatment, we found that the Gas6 knockdown affected cytoplasmic maturation directly, independent to the changed MPF activity. These results strongly suggest that 1) the Gas6 signaling itself is important to the cytoplasmic maturation, but not nuclear maturation, and 2) the decreased Gas6 expression and decreased MPF activity separately or mutually influence sperm head decondensation and

Kyeoung-hwa Kim; Eun-young Kim; Yuna Kim; Eunju Kim; Hyun-seo Lee; Sook-young Yoon

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Geomagnetic Backtracing: A comparison of Tsyganenko 1996 and 2005 External Field models with AMS-02 data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We used a backtracing code to reconstruct particle trajectory inside the Earth Magnetosphere during the last solar active period (2011 and 2012) when very high Solar Wind pressure values were measured. We compared our results on AMS-02 proton and electron data with 2 different External Field models, namely Tsyganenko 1996 (T96) and 2005 (T05), both for quiet (defined as the periods when the solar wind pressure is below the average value, set at 2nPa) and active periods. Although T05 has been specifically designed for storm events, at high energy the particle trajectory is similar for the two models. For instance at rigidities larger than 50 GV, the RMS of angular difference between reconstructed asymptotic direction outside the Magnetosphere is of the order of the millirad, while it increases at intermediate energies. We also confirmed, as a function of the pointing direction, the well known East-West effect on the trajectory of primary particles and on the access solid angle on the AMS detector.

Boschini, M J; Della Torre, S; Gervasi, M; Grandi, D; Haino, S; La Vacca, G; Pensotti, S; Rancoita, P G; Rozza, D; Tacconi, M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

THz Pump and X-Ray Probe Development at LCLS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report on measurements of broadband, intense, coherent transition radiation at terahertz frequencies, generated as the highly compressed electron bunches in Linear Coherent Light Source (LCLS) pass through a thin metal foil. The foil is inserted at 45{sup o} to the electron beam, 31 m downstream of the undulator. The THz emission passes downward through a diamond window to an optical table below the beamline. A fully compressed 350-pC bunch produces up to 0.5 mJ in a nearly half-cycle pulse of 50 fs FWHM with a spectrum peaking at 10 THz. We estimate a peak field at the focus of over 2.5 GV/m. A 20-fs Ti:sapphire laser oscillator has recently been installed for electro-optic measurements. We are developing plans to add an x-ray probe to this THz pump, by diffracting FEL x rays onto the table with a thin silicon crystal. The x rays would arrive with an adjustable time delay after the THz. This will provide a rapid start to user studies of materials excited by intense single-cycle pulses and will serve as a step toward a THz transport line for LCLS-II.

Fisher, Alan S; /SLAC, LCLS; Durr, Hermann; /SIMES, Stanford /SLAC, PULSE; Lindenberg, Aaron; Stanford U., Materials Sci.Dept.; /SIMES, Stanford /SLAC, PULSE; Reis, David; /SIMES, Stanford /SLAC, PULSE /Stanford U., Dept. Appl. Phys.; Frisch, Josef; Loos, Henrik; Petree, Mark; /SLAC, LCLS; Daranciang, Dan; /Stanford U., Chem. Dept.; Fuchs, Matthias; /SLAC, PULSE; Ghimire, Shambhu; /SLAC, PULSE; Goodfellow, John; /Stanford U., Materials Sci. Dept.

2011-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

317

Evidences of high energy protons with energies beyond 0.4 GeV in the solar particle spectrum as responsible for the cosmic rays solar diurnal anisotropy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis on the daily variations of cosmic ray muons with $E_{\\mu}\\geq 0.2 GeV$ based on the data of two directional muon telescopes at sea level and with a rigidity of response to cosmic proton spectrum above 0.4 GV is presented. The analysis covers two months of observations and in 60% of days, abrupt transitions between a low to a high muon intensity and vice-verse is observed, the period of high muon intensity is from $\\sim 8.0h$ up to $\\sim 19.0h$ (local time) and coincides with the period when the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) lines overtake the Earth. This behavior strongly suggest that the high muon intensity is due to a contribution of solar protons (ions) on the muon intensity produced by the galactic cosmic rays, responsible for the low muon intensity. This implies that the solar particle spectrum extends to energies beyond 1 GeV. We show that this picture can explain the solar daily variation origin, and it is a most accurate scenario than the assumption of corotating galactic cosmic ray with the IMF lines, specially in the high rigidity region. Obtained results are consistent with the data reported in others papers. Some aspects on the sensitivity of our muon telescopes are also presented.

C. E. Navia; C. R. A. Augusto; M. B. Robba; K. H. Tsui

2007-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

318

Mapping of the cosmic ray events related to the solar activity for the period 2003-2005  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The relationship between cosmic ray intensity decreases and solar events is still an open field of space research. In this work a complete study of solar events occurred from January 2003 to December 2005, is considered. This three-years time period characterized by an unexpected activity of the Sun was divided into 27-day intervals starting from BR 2313 (06.01.2003) to 2353 (21.12.2005), generating diagrams of the cosmic ray intensity data recorded at the Athens Neutron Monitor Station. This station is working at an altitude of 260m and cut-off rigidity 8.53GV provided to the Internet high-resolution data in real-time. A mapping of all available solar and interplanetary events, such as solar flares with importance M and X, coronal mass ejections (Halo and Partial) was done. As we are going down from the solar maximum to the declining phase of the 23rd solar cycle, a statistical overview of the corresponding relationship among these phenomena, the significant percentage of the connection of Halo CMEs and sola...

Papaioannou, A; Mavromichalaki, H

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

High Frequency, High Gradient Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration Experiments at SLAC and BNL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Given the recent success of >GV/m dielectric wakefield accelerator (DWA) breakdown experiments at SLAC, and follow-on coherent Cerenkov radiation production at the UCLA Neptune, a UCLA-USC-SLAC collaboration is now implementing a new set of experiments that explore various DWA scenarios. These experiments are motivated by the opportunities presented by the approval of FACET facility at SLAC, as well as unique pulse-train wakefield drivers at BNL. The SLAC experiments permit further exploration of the multi-GeV/m envelope in DWAs, and will entail investigations of novel materials (e.g. CVD diamond) and geometries (Bragg cylindrical structures, slab-symmetric DWAs), and have an over-riding goal of demonstrating >GeV acceleration in {approx}33 cm DWA tubes. In the nearer term before FACET's commissioning, we are planning measurements at the BNL ATF, in which we drive {approx}50-200 MV/m fields with single pulses or pulse trains. These experiments are of high relevance to enhancing linear collider DWA designs, as they will demonstrate potential for efficient operation with pulse trains.

Rosenzweig, James; /UCLA; Travish, Gil; /UCLA; Hogan, Mark; /SLAC; Muggli, Patric; /Southern California U.

2012-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

320

Natural Gas as a Future Fuel for Heavy-Duty Vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In addition to their significant environmental impacts, medium-duty and heavy-duty (HD) vehicles are high volume fuel users. Development of such vehicles, which include transit buses, refuse trucks, and HD Class 6-8 trucks, that are fueled with natural gas is strategic to market introduction of natural gas vehicles (NGV). Over the past five years the Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies (OHVT) has funded technological developments in NGV systems to support the growth of this sector in the highly competitive transportation market. The goals are to minimize emissions associated with NGV use, to improve on the economies of scale, and to continue supporting the testing and safety assessments of all new systems. This paper provides an overview of the status of major projects under a program supported by DOE/OHVT and managed by Brookhaven National Laboratory. The discussion focuses on the program's technical strategy in meeting specific goals proposed by the N GV industry and the government. Relevant projects include the development of low-cost fuel storage, fueling infrastructure, and HD vehicle applications.

Wai-Lin Litzke; James Wegrzyn

2001-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

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321

Beyond injection: Trojan horse underdense photocathode plasma wakefield acceleration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An overview on the underlying principles of the hybrid plasma wakefield acceleration scheme dubbed 'Trojan Horse' acceleration is given. The concept is based on laser-controlled release of electrons directly into a particle-beam-driven plasma blowout, paving the way for controlled, shapeable electron bunches with ultralow emittance and ultrahigh brightness. Combining the virtues of a low-ionization-threshold underdense photocathode with the GV/m-scale electric fields of a practically dephasing-free beam-driven plasma blowout, this constitutes a 4th generation electron acceleration scheme. It is applicable as a beam brightness transformer for electron bunches from LWFA and PWFA systems alike. At FACET, the proof-of-concept experiment 'E-210: Trojan Horse Plasma Wakefield Acceleration' has recently been approved and is in preparation. At the same time, various LWFA facilities are currently considered to host experiments aiming at stabilizing and boosting the electron bunch output quality via a trojan horse afterburner stage. Since normalized emittance and brightness can be improved by many orders of magnitude, the scheme is an ideal candidate for light sources such as free-electron-lasers and those based on Thomson scattering and betatron radiation alike.

Hidding, B.; Rosenzweig, J. B.; Xi, Y.; O'Shea, B.; Andonian, G.; Schiller, D.; Barber, S.; Williams, O.; Pretzler, G.; Koenigstein, T.; Kleeschulte, F.; Hogan, M. J.; Litos, M.; Corde, S.; White, W. W.; Muggli, P.; Bruhwiler, D. L.; Lotov, K. [Institut fuer Laser- und Plasmaphysik, Heinrich-Heine-Universitaet Duesseldorf 40225 Duesseldorf (Germany) and Particle Beam Physics Laboratory, Department for Physics and Astronomy, UCLA (United States); Particle Beam Physics Laboratory, Department for Physics and Astronomy, UCLA (United States); Institut fuer Laser- und Plasmaphysik, Heinrich-Heine-Universitaet Duesseldorf 40225 Duesseldorf (Germany); Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (United States); Max-Planck-Institut fuer Physik, Muenchen (Germany); Tech-X Corporation, Boulder, Colorado (United States) and 1348 Redwood Ave., Boulder, Colorado 80304 (United States); Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics SB RAS, 630090, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation) and Novosibirsk State University, 630090, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation)

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

322

Evidences of high energy protons with energies beyond 0.4 GeV in the solar particle spectrum as responsible for the cosmic rays solar diurnal anisotropy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis on the daily variations of cosmic ray muons with $E_{\\mu}\\geq 0.2 GeV$ based on the data of two directional muon telescopes at sea level and with a rigidity of response to cosmic proton spectrum above 0.4 GV is presented. The analysis covers two months of observations and in 60% of days, abrupt transitions between a low to a high muon intensity and vice-verse is observed, the period of high muon intensity is from $\\sim 8.0h$ up to $\\sim 19.0h$ (local time) and coincides with the period when the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) lines overtake the Earth. This behavior strongly suggest that the high muon intensity is due to a contribution of solar protons (ions) on the muon intensity produced by the galactic cosmic rays, responsible for the low muon intensity. This implies that the solar particle spectrum extends to energies beyond 1 GeV. We show that this picture can explain the solar daily variation origin, and it is a most accurate scenario than the assumption of corotating galactic cosmic ray wit...

Navia, C E; Robba, M B; Tsui, K H

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

The UCLA/SLAC Ultra-High Gradient Cerenkov Wakefield Accelerator Experiment  

SciTech Connect

An experiment is planned to study the performance of dielectric Cerenkov wakefield accelerating structures at extremely high gradients in the GV/m range. This new UCLA/SLAC/USC collaboration will take advantage of the unique SLAC FFTB electron beam and its demonstrated ultra-short pulse lengths and high currents (e.g., {delta}{sub z} = 20 {micro}m at Q = 3 nC). The electron beam will be focused down and sent through varying lengths of fused silica capillary tubing with two different sizes: ID = 200 {micro}m/OD = 325 {micro}m and ID = 100 {micro}m/OD = 325 {micro}m. The pulse length of the electron beam will be varied in order to alter the accelerating gradient and probe the breakdown threshold of the dielectric structures. In addition to breakdown studies, we plan to collect and measure coherent Cerenkov radiation emitted from the capillary tube to gain information about the strength of the accelerating fields.

Thompson, M.C.; Badakov, H.; Rosenzweig, J.B.; Travish, G.; /UCLA; Hogan, M.; Ischebec, R.; Siemann, R.; Walz, D.; /SLAC; Scott, A.; /UC, Santa Barbara; Yoder, R.; /Manhattan Coll., Riverdale

2006-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

324

THE HIGH-ENERGY IMPULSIVE GROUND-LEVEL ENHANCEMENT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have studied short-lived (21 minute average duration), highly anisotropic pulses of cosmic rays that constitute the first phase of 10 large ground-level enhancements (GLEs), and which extend to rigidities in the range 5-20 GV. We provide a set of constraints that must be met by any putative acceleration mechanism for this type of solar-energetic-particle (SEP) event. The pulses usually have very short rise-times (three to five minutes) at all rigidities, and exhibit the remarkable feature that the intensity drops precipitously by 50% to 70% from the maximum within another three to five minutes. Both the rising and falling phases exhibit velocity dispersion, which indicates that there are particles with rigidities in the range 1 90 MeV gamma-ray bursts, indicating that freshly accelerated SEPs had impinged on higher-density matter in the chromosphere prior to the departure of the SEP pulse for Earth. This study was based on an updated archive of the 71 GLEs in the historic record, which is now available for public use.

McCracken, K. G. [Institute for Physical Science and Technology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States); Moraal, H. [Centre for Space Research, School for Physical and Chemical Sciences, North-West University, Potchefstroom 2520 (South Africa); Shea, M. A. [CSPAR, University of Alabama at Huntsville, Huntsville, AL 35899 (United States)

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

325

The Cosmic-Ray antiproton flux between 3 and 49 GeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on a new measurement of the cosmic ray antiproton spectrum. The data were collected by the balloon-borne experiment CAPRICE98 which was flown on 28-29 May 1998 from Fort Sumner, New Mexico, USA. The experiment used the NMSU-WIZARD/CAPRICE98 balloon-borne magnet spectrometer equipped with a gas Ring Imaging Cherenkov (RICH) detector, a time-of-flight system, a tracking device consisting of drift chambers and a superconducting magnet and a silicon-tungsten calorimeter. The RICH detector was the first ever flown capable of mass-resolving charge-one particles at energies above 5 GeV. A total of 31 antiprotons with rigidities between 4 and 50 GV at the spectrometer were identified with small backgrounds from other particles. The absolute antiproton energy spectrum was determined in the kinetic energy region at the top of the atmosphere between 3.2 and 49.1 GeV. We found that the observed antiproton spectrum and the antiproton-to-proton ratio are consistent with a pure secondary origin. However, a primary component may not be excluded.

WiZard/CAPRICE Collaboration

2001-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

326

Total All Countries Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Destination: Total All Countries Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andora Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahama Islands Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Bermuda Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djbouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Pacific Islands Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guinea Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordon Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, South Korea, North Kyrgyzstan Kutubu Kuwait Latvia Lebanon Liberia Libya Lithuania Macau S.A.R. Macedonia Madagascar Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Midway Islands Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands Netherlands/Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papau New Guinea Paracel Islands Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Romania Russia St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Soloman Islands South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Tonga Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Vietnam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

327

Total Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the U.S.  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Country: Total All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iran Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Afghanistan Albania Andora Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djbouti Dominica Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Ethiopia Eritrea Estonia Fiji Finland France French Pacific Islands French Guiana Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guinea Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, South Kutubu Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lebanon Liberia Lithuania Macau S.A.R. Macedonia Madagascar Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Midway Islands Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papau New Guinea Paracel Islands Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Sri Lanka Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Vietnam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen Yugoslavia Other Non OPEC Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

328

The illusion of peace: the fate of the Baltic Displaced Persons, 1945-1952  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Following the end of World War II, the Allied forces faced an immediate large- scale refugee crisis in Europe. Efforts focused on returning the millions of refugees to their homes as quickly as possible. Though the majority did return home, nearly a million refugees from Soviet-controlled Eastern Europe refused to do so. Reclassified as Displaced Persons (DPs) and placed in holding camps by the Occupational Authorities, these refugees demanded that Allied leaders give them the chance to immigrate and resettle elsewhere. Immigration historians of this period have focused mainly on the experiences of the Jewish refugees during the Holocaust and the establishment of Israel. Other studies depict the chaos in Germany immediately following the war, describing the DPs as an unstable factor in an already unstable situation. While important, these works tend to overlook the fate of non-Jewish refugees who would not return to their homes. Additionally, these works overlook the many immigration and resettlement schemes put in place to solve the DP situation and stabilize Europe, focusing instead on economic forces and growing Cold War tensions. This thesis looks at the experiences of the Baltic DPs, those from Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia. Beginning with a brief history of the three countries and their peoples experiences during the war, this study also looks at their lives in the DP camps and explores their reasons for not returning home. It also recounts the Allies decision to promote resettlement rather than repatriation as the solution to the refugee problem by focusing on the immigration programs of the four main recipient countries, Britain, the United States, Canada, and Australia. This thesis argues that the majority of the Baltic DPs came from educated, middle class backgrounds and as such, they were widely sought after by the recipient countries as the most suitable for immigration. A final argument is that disagreements over their fate between the United States, England, and the Soviet Union, fueled the Cold War.

Eastes, Victoria Marite Helga

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

THE ACS LCID PROJECT. VI. THE STAR FORMATION HISTORY OF THE TUCANA dSph AND THE RELATIVE AGES OF THE ISOLATED dSph GALAXIES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a detailed study of the star formation history (SFH) of the Tucana dwarf spheroidal galaxy. High-quality, deep HST/ACS data, collected in the framework of the LCID project, allowed us to obtain the deepest color-magnitude diagram to date, reaching the old main-sequence turnoff (F814 {approx} 29) with good photometric accuracy. Our analysis, based on three different SFH codes, shows that Tucana is an old and metal-poor stellar system, which experienced a strong initial burst of star formation at a very early epoch ({approx_equal}13 Gyr ago) which lasted a maximum of 1 Gyr (sigma value). We are not able to unambiguously answer the question of whether most star formation in Tucana occurred before or after the end of the reionization era, and we analyze alternative scenarios that may explain the transformation of Tucana from a gas-rich galaxy into a dSph. Current measurements of its radial velocity do not preclude that Tucana may have crossed the inner regions of the Local Group (LG) once, and so gas stripping by ram pressure and tides due to a close interaction cannot be ruled out. A single pericenter passage would generate insufficient tidal heating to turn an originally disky dwarf into a true dSph; however, this possibility would be consistent with the observed residual rotation in Tucana. On the other hand, the high star formation rate measured at early times may have injected enough energy into the interstellar medium to blow out a significant fraction of the initial gas content. Gas that is heated but not blown out would also be more easily stripped via ram pressure. We compare the SFH inferred for Tucana with that of Cetus, the other isolated LG dSph galaxy in the LCID sample. We show that the formation time of the bulk of star formation in Cetus is clearly delayed with respect to that of Tucana. This reinforces the conclusion of Monelli et al. that Cetus formed the vast majority of its stars after the end of the reionization era implying, therefore, that small dwarf galaxies are not necessarily strongly affected by reionization, in agreement with many state-of-the-art cosmological models.

Monelli, M.; Gallart, C.; Hidalgo, S. L.; Aparicio, A.; Drozdovsky, I., E-mail: monelli@iac.e [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain)

2010-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

330

MEASUREMENTS OF THE RELATIVE ABUNDANCES OF HIGH-ENERGY COSMIC-RAY NUCLEI IN THE TeV/NUCLEON REGION  

SciTech Connect

We present measurements of the relative abundances of cosmic-ray nuclei in the energy range of 500-3980 GeV/nucleon from the second flight of the Cosmic Ray Energetics And Mass balloon-borne experiment. Particle energy was determined using a sampling tungsten/scintillating-fiber calorimeter, while particle charge was identified precisely with a dual-layer silicon charge detector installed for this flight. The resulting element ratios C/O, N/O, Ne/O, Mg/O, Si/O, and Fe/O at the top of atmosphere are 0.919 {+-} 0.123{sup stat} {+-} 0.030{sup syst}, 0.076 {+-} 0.019{sup stat} {+-} 0.013{sup syst}, 0.115 {+-} 0.031{sup stat} {+-} 0.004{sup syst}, 0.153 {+-} 0.039{sup stat} {+-} 0.005{sup syst}, 0.180 {+-} 0.045{sup stat} {+-} 0.006{sup syst}, and 0.139 {+-} 0.043{sup stat} {+-} 0.005{sup syst}, respectively, which agree with measurements at lower energies. The source abundance of N/O is found to be 0.054 {+-} 0.013{sup stat} {+-} 0.009{sup syst+0.010esc} {sub -0.017}. The cosmic-ray source abundances are compared to local Galactic (LG) abundances as a function of first ionization potential and as a function of condensation temperature. At high energies the trend that the cosmic-ray source abundances at large ionization potential or low condensation temperature are suppressed compared to their LG abundances continues. Therefore, the injection mechanism must be the same at TeV/nucleon energies as at the lower energies measured by HEAO-3, CRN, and TRACER. Furthermore, the cosmic-ray source abundances are compared to a mixture of 80% solar system abundances and 20% massive stellar outflow (MSO) as a function of atomic mass. The good agreement with TIGER measurements at lower energies confirms the existence of a substantial fraction of MSO material required in the {approx}TeV per nucleon region.

Ahn, H. S.; Ganel, O.; Han, J. H.; Kim, K. C.; Lee, M. H.; Malinin, A. [Institute for Physical Science and Technology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States); Allison, P. S.; Beatty, J. J.; Brandt, T. J. [Department of Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Bagliesi, M. G.; Bigongiari, G.; Maestro, P.; Marrocchesi, P. S. [Department of Physics, University of Siena and INFN, Via Roma 56, 53100 Siena (Italy); Barbier, L. [Astroparticle Physics Laboratory, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Childers, J. T.; DuVernois, M. A. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States); Conklin, N. B.; Coutu, S. [Department of Physics, Penn State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Jeon, J. A.; Lee, J., E-mail: ipark@ewha.ac.k [Department of Physics, Ewha Womans University, Seoul 120-750 (Korea, Republic of)

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

UI,!JTYT) CTaTT:$ A'  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

.w. .w. q7 -3 UI,!JTYT) CTaTT:$ A' =O:iI c E' XI:' ;' r' CO1 1-1 S?IO" New Ynrl: Operations Office 70 Columbus iivenue xew Yor'k '?5, 3. Y. I;JFOi< ~,4?' 101? F(:i{ Ti!T; DRESS P)R j:g&isZ No. 17, fi?HIL 2, i-31r:j T:?l3i",TlAY r. I.:. Tel. No. Plaza r[-3600, Ext. 2rjj Aridi l!.L, lg.l3 The United States Atomic Energy Commission has oomploted arrangements with the Federal 'urorlrs Agency for tne use of ths Magnesium Keduction Plant (Pluncor 649) at Luckey, Ohio, for the production of beryllium metal and compounds, ililbur E. Kelley, Xanager of ;Jew ilork Operations of the U. S. Atomic Energy Commission, r?ncs\lr,ced today. Under the al*rangement with the Federai Xorl-s Agency, the Commission acquires the use of certsin plant buildings and equipment for a five year

332

Data:62c6d107-bce0-4ab1-a047-e65cfcc48d3b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

c6d107-bce0-4ab1-a047-e65cfcc48d3b c6d107-bce0-4ab1-a047-e65cfcc48d3b No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Parke County Rural E M C Effective date: 2012/04/01 End date if known: Rate name: RATE SCHEDULE LG-OP (Rate 5) Sector: Commercial Description: Parke County REMC shall charge and collect for large general off-peak electric service on the following basis: availability, application, character of service, monthly rate, minimum charge, purchased power cost adjustment clause and tax adjustment. AVAILABILITY: This schedule is available to any member of the REMC for three phase power, located within the territory served by Parke County REMC and adjacent to electric distribution facilities that are adequate and suitable for supplying required service. The member must be able to show the ability to consistently shift their peak demand away from the coincident with the peak demand of the wholesale power supplier. Service under this schedule is provided on a yearly basis. Service under this schedule is not applicable as standby service.

333

Data:76383b62-d154-4a14-a46a-1cd08a74a3e1 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b62-d154-4a14-a46a-1cd08a74a3e1 b62-d154-4a14-a46a-1cd08a74a3e1 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Burlington-Electric, Vermont (Utility Company) Effective date: 2010/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: Large General Service (LG) Rate Demand exceeds 25KW-Net Metered Renewable Energy Source Rider Sector: Industrial Description: Service under this rate is supplied for all purposes where energy consumption is 3,000 kWh per month or above (or greater than or equal to 100 kWh per day) for 3 consecutive months out of the last 12 months, or at the request of the customer.

334

Data:7f0301ab-b8f6-442e-bb87-e115ff1332e8 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

01ab-b8f6-442e-bb87-e115ff1332e8 01ab-b8f6-442e-bb87-e115ff1332e8 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Burlington-Electric, Vermont (Utility Company) Effective date: 2010/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: Large General (LG) Rate Demand is less than 25KW- Net Metered Renewable Energy Source Rider Sector: Industrial Description: Service under this rate is supplied for all purposes where energy consumption is 3,000 kWh per month or above (or greater than or equal to 100 kWh per day) for 3 consecutive months out of the last 12 months, or at the request of the customer.

335

Data:19353b70-5153-4557-8be7-db6dc100b549 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b70-5153-4557-8be7-db6dc100b549 b70-5153-4557-8be7-db6dc100b549 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Russell, Massachusetts (Utility Company) Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: LARGE GENERAL SERVICE SCHEDULE LG Sector: Industrial Description: Additional Info: Availability: To any non-residential customer having a three phase service. With a consistent demand less than (a) 80kw of demand/per 30 minutes and/or (b) 30,000 kWhr's per month. Minimum Bill: $40.00 / Month. Plus $4.00 per kVA for transformer capacity installed if customer exceeds 80kw and/or 30,000kWhr's per month.

336

FY 2012 Annual Progress Report for Energy Storage R&D  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A - 1 Energy Storage R&D A - 1 Energy Storage R&D Appendix A: List of Contributors and Research Collaborators Contributor/Collaborator (with Affiliation) FY 2012 Annual Progress Report Section(s) Abe, Yasuhiro (Toda America) II.C.2 Abkemeier, Kristin (NWTech) III.G Abouimrane, Ali (ANL) IV.B.1, IV.B.3.1, IV.B.4.1 Abraham, Daniel P. (ANL) IV.B.1, IV.B.2.7, IV.C.1, IV.C.3, IV.C.4, IV.E.3.2 Alamgir, Mohamed (LG Chem, MI) III.A.2.2, IV.B.2.5 Allen, Jan L. (ARL) IV.B.5.3 Allu, S. (ORNL) III.E.2 Alvarez, Jesus M. (A123 Systems) II.A.2 Amine, Khalil (ANL) IV.B.1, IV.B.2.2, IV.B.3.1, IV.B.3.3, IV.B.4.1, IV.B.4.2, IV.B.5.1, IV.D.2, IV.E.3.1, V.D.5, V.G.2 Anderson, Travis (SNL) IV.D.3 Angell, C. Austen (ASU) V.D.8 Armand, Michel (NCSU) V.D.6 Arnold, John (Miltec) III.A.5.2

337

Data:5332c940-cbb4-4f09-b5b3-18c63d8d7d48 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

-cbb4-4f09-b5b3-18c63d8d7d48 -cbb4-4f09-b5b3-18c63d8d7d48 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Public Service Co of NH Effective date: 2012/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: LARGE GENERAL DELIVERY SERVICE RATE LG Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: http://www.nu.com/PSNHTariffPDFs/tariff070107.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

338

Data:4dc265dc-d22a-485e-bdd3-1558787b6d4a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

dc-d22a-485e-bdd3-1558787b6d4a dc-d22a-485e-bdd3-1558787b6d4a No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Burlington-Electric, Vermont (Utility Company) Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Large General (LG) Rate Demand is less than 25KW Sector: Industrial Description: Service under this rate is supplied for all purposes where energy consumption is 3,000 kWh per month or above (or greater than or equal to 100 kWh per day) for 3 consecutive months out of the last 12 months, or at the request of the customer. Source or reference: https://www.burlingtonelectric.com/ELBO/assets/Tariff%20Sheets%20June%20262009%20revised-1.pdf

339

Data:Eabaed13-77fe-41c4-89ac-60a1c1f40cb4 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Eabaed13-77fe-41c4-89ac-60a1c1f40cb4 Eabaed13-77fe-41c4-89ac-60a1c1f40cb4 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: KEM Electric Coop Inc Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: General Service - Single Phase/Lg Power Sector: Commercial Description: Available to all members who do not meet the classifications or requirements of Farm/Residential, Seasonal, or other classifications. Service capacity will be greater than 50 kVa. Service shall be to a single-phase service at a single point of service. Type of Service Single Phase, 60 cycle, at secondary voltages. The Cooperative will provide meter, meter socket, and C.T. equipment necessary to measure electric usage.

340

Data:B9142ec6-f556-4049-90d3-1b148a5d7f9a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

-f556-4049-90d3-1b148a5d7f9a -f556-4049-90d3-1b148a5d7f9a No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Burlington-Electric, Vermont (Utility Company) Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Large General Service (LG) Rate Demand exceeds 25KW Sector: Industrial Description: Service under this rate is supplied for all purposes where energy consumption is 3,000 kWh per month or above (or greater than or equal to 100 kWh per day) for 3 consecutive months out of the last 12 months, or at the request of the customer. Source or reference: https://www.burlingtonelectric.com/ELBO/assets/Tariff%20Sheets%20June%20262009%20revised-1.pdf

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341

Immune responses to epstein-barr virus in atomic bomb survivors: Study of precursor frequency of cytotoxic lymphocytes and titer levels of anti-Epstein-Barr virus-related antibodies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Precursor frequencies of cytotoxic lymphocytes to autologous Epstein-Barr virus-transformed B cells and serum titers of anti-Epstein-Barr virus-related antibodies were measured in 68 atomic bomb survivors to clarify the immune mechanism controlling Epstein-Barr virus infection. The precursor frequency was negatively correlated with the titer of anti-early antigen lgG, which is probably produced at the stage of viral reactivation. A positive correlation between the precursor frequency and titer of anti-Epstein-Barr virus-associated nuclear antigen antibody was also observed, indicating that the precursor frequency reflects the degree of in vivo destruction by T cells of the virus-infected cells. These results suggest that T-cell memory specific to Epstein-Barr virus keeps the virus under control and that the precursor frequency assay is useful for the evaluation of immune responses to Epstein-Barr virus. However, no significant effect of atomic bomb radiation on the precursor frequency was observed in the present study, probably due to the limited number of participants. 24 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

Kusunoki, Yoichiro; Kyoizumi, Seishi; Saito, Mayumi; Ozaki, Kyoko; Hirai, Yuko; Akiyama, Mitoshi (Radiation Effects Research Foundation, Hiroshima (Japan)); Fukuda, Yasuko (Radiation Effects Research Foundation, Hiroshima (Japan) Children's Hospital Medical Center of Northern California, Oakland, CA (United States)); Huang, Hua (Radiation Effects Research Foundation, Hiroshima (Japan) Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States))

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Re-Introduction of Lower Columbia River Chum Salmon into Duncan Creek, 2003-2004 Annual Report.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Currently, two methods of reintroduction are being simultaneously evaluated at Duncan Creek. Recolonization is occurring by introducing adult chum salmon from the Lower Gorge (LG) population into Duncan Creek and allowing them to naturally reproduce. The supplementation strategy required adults to be collected and artificially spawned, incubated, reared, and released at the mouth of Duncan Creek. All eggs from the artificial crossings at Washougal Hatchery were incubated and the fry reared to release size at the hatchery. The Duncan Creek chum salmon project was very successful in 2003-04, providing knowledge and experience that will improve program execution in future years. The gear used to collect adult brood stock was changed from tangle nets to beach seines. This increased efficiency and the speed at which adults could be processed in the field, and most likely reduced stress on the adults handled. Certain weaknesses exposed in past seasons still exist and new ones were exposed (e.g. inadequate incubation and rearing space at Washougal Hatchery for any large salvage operation and having to move the rearing troughs outside the raceway in 2004). Egg-to-fry survival rates of 64% and 58% showed that the channels are functioning at the upper end of what can be expected from them. Possibly the most important event this season was the ability to strontium mark and release all naturally-produced fry from the spawning channels. Channel and floodplain modifications reduced the likelihood that floods will damage the channels and negatively impact survival rates.

Hillson, Todd D. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Olympia, WA)

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Liquid-gas phase transition in strange hadronic matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The liquid-gas phase transition in strange hadronic matter is studied utilizing an extended Furnstahl-Serot-Tang model with nucleons and hyperons. The system is treated as of two components. The phase transition is analyzed by investigating the stability of the system and Gibbs conditions for phase equilibrium. A two-dimensional binodal surface resulted from the two-phase equilibrium, namely the phase boundary, is obtained. For each temperature ranging from T = 8 MeV to T = 12 MeV, a limit pressure on the binodal surface section is found, while a critical point is spotted for the temperature around T = 13 MeV. The Maxwell constructions are also illustrated to give a vivid description of the course of the phase transition. Moreover, the entropy per baryon and heat capacity per baryon as functions of temperature are examined. The entropy is continuous during the phase transition but the heat capacity is discontinuous, indicating that the phase transition is of second order. By these efforts, the L-G phase transition can be concluded to exist in the strange hadronic matter.

Li Yang; Wei Liang Qian; Ru-Keng Su; Hong Qiu Song

2003-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

344

Near-horizon limit of the charged BTZ black hole and AdS_2 quantum gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that the 3D charged Banados-Teitelboim-Zanelli (BTZ) black hole solution interpolates between two different 2D AdS spacetimes: a near-extremal, near-horizon AdS_2 geometry with constant dilaton and U(1) field and an asymptotic AdS_2 geometry with a linear dilaton. Thus, the charged BTZ black hole can be considered as interpolating between the two different formulations proposed until now for AdS_2 quantum gravity. In both cases the theory is the chiral half of a 2D CFT and describes, respectively, Brown-Hennaux-like boundary deformations and near-horizon excitations. The central charge c_as of the asymptotic CFT is determined by 3D Newton constant G and the AdS length l, c_as=3l/G, whereas that of the near-horizon CFT also depends on the U(1) charge Q, c_nh \\propto l Q/\\sqrt G.

Mariano Cadoni; Mohammad R. Setare

2008-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

345

On the formation of dwarf galaxies and stellar halos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using analytic arguments and a suite of very high resolution (10^3Msun per particle) cosmological hydro-dynamical simulations, we argue that high redshift, z ~ 10, M ~ 10^8Msun halos, form the smallest `baryonic building block' (BBB) for galaxy formation. These halos are just massive enough to efficiently form stars through atomic line cooling and to hold onto their gas in the presence of supernovae winds and reionisation. These combined effects, in particular that of the supernovae feedback, create a sharp transition: over the mass range 3-10x10^7Msun, the BBBs drop two orders ofmagnitude in stellar mass. Below ~2x10^7Msun, galaxies will be dark with almost no stars and no gas. Above this scale is the smallest unit of galaxy formation: the BBB. A small fraction (~100) of these gas rich BBBs fall in to a galaxy the size of the Milky Way. Ten percent of these survive to become the observed LG dwarf galaxies at the present epoch. Those in-falling halos on benign orbits which keep them far away from the Milky Wa...

Read, J I; Viel, M

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Dopamine transporter occupancy by RTI-55, inhibition of dopamine transport and stimulation of locomotor activity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cocaine analogs such as RTI-55 (or {beta}CIT) with a higher affinity for the DAT are potentially useful as therapeutic drugs in cocaine abuse as well as for radiopharmaceutical use. Previously we showed that in mice RTI-55 (2 mg/Kg, i/p) reduced H-3 cocaine striatum-to-cerebellum ratios (St/Cb, {lg_bullet}) from 1.6 to 1.2 at 3 h after administration, with recovery by 12 h. In the present study we demonstrate a very similar time-course for transport {triangle} measured in striatal homo within 2 min of sacrifice. The maximum inhibition of uptake at about 1 h corresponded to about 80% of the control uptake rate, similar to the percent reduction in St/Cb. The time-course of the effect of this dose of RTI-55 on locomotor activity ({sq_bullet}) was complex, with a drop in the activity measure at 7 h, after a further injection of RTI-55, but activity remained higher than in saline controls. In spite of this complexity, which may be associated with stereotypies and/or exhaustion, the duration of increased activity is consistent with the duration of transporter blockade. These experiments support the notion that PET/SPECT measures of transporter occupancy accurately reflect transporter inhibition.

Gatley, S.J.; Gifford, A.N.; Volkow, N.D. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)] [and others

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Analysis of source spectra, attenuation, and site effects from central and eastern United States earthquakes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the results from three studies of source spectra, attenuation, and site effects of central and eastern United States earthquakes. In the first study source parameter estimates taken from 27 previous studies were combined to test the assumption that the earthquake stress drop is roughly a constant, independent of earthquake size. 200 estimates of stress drop and seismic moment from eastern North American earthquakes were combined. It was found that the estimated stress drop from the 27 studies increases approximately as the square-root of the seismic moment, from about 3 bars at 10{sup 20} dyne-cm to 690 bars at 10{sup 25} dyne-cm. These results do not support the assumption of a constant stress drop when estimating ground motion parameters from eastern North American earthquakes. In the second study, broadband seismograms recorded by the United States National Seismograph Network and cooperating stations have been analysed to determine Q{sub Lg} as a function of frequency in five regions: the northeastern US, southeastern US, central US, northern Basin and Range, and California and western Nevada. In the third study, using spectral analysis, estimates have been made for the anelastic attenuation of four regional phases, and estimates have been made for the source parameters of 27 earthquakes, including the M{sub b} 5.6, 14 April, 1995, West Texas earthquake.

Lindley, G.

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Nepali Aawaz Volume 1, Issue 7, 23 December 2005 - 3 January 2006  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

af]Ng'ePsf] lyof] . cfd;efdf hg ufos ?ljg uGwe{, h]jL 6'x'/], gGbs[i0f hf]zL, /fds[i0f b'jfn cfbLn] lg/+s'ztGq la?4 uLt ufpbf pk:yLt hgtf gfr]sf lyP . g]skf Pdfn] sf]zL c~rn ;dGjo ;dLtLsf] cfof]hgfdf ;DkGg ;f] lazfn cfd ;efdf Ps nfv eGbf a9L... {ssf] Wofg dxf]T;j lt/ tfgL/ x]sf5g . pgLx? ;+u} dxf]T;jsf] d~rdf /fli6o tyf :yfgLo VoftL k|fKt ufos ufoLsf xfF:o snfsf/x? k|:t't ePsflyP . dxf]T;j cjwLe/ b}lgs ?kdf ;Fem b'O{ 306f ;Dd x'g] dgf]/~hgfTds sfo{qmddf km]zg zf], ;fFuLtLs sfo{qmd, a8L laN8L...

Shrestha, Kashish Das

349

Nepali Aawaz Volume 1, Issue 15, 7 June 2006  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

O{x/sf] dxfg kj{df z'esfdgf JoSt ug'{ eof] . pSt sfo{s|ddf g]kfn ls/ft /fO{ P;f]l;P;g ckmo"P;P sL ;+:yfks ;b:o ;'hftf /fO{ -Sofgf8f_, 8f k|1f /fO{, 8f k]/] hf]zfL, 8f tf/f lg/f}nf, 8f ks+h /fO{, OlGhlgo/ k|efs/ /fO{, clwjStf ;'/]z rfdln , o'jf ufos p... ]nf8Lx?nfO k|z+;f kq ljt/0f ug'{ eof] . o"jf ufos pTtd /fO{nfO Members of the Kirant Rai Association celebrate traditional festivals in New York l;h{gf ;'Aafn] k|z+;f kq ljt/0f ug{' ePsf] lyof] . pSt sfo{s|dsf] bf];|f] r/0fdf HofS;g xfO6l:yt /]8...

Shrestha, Kashish Das

350

High Energy Emission from Magnetars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The recently discovered soft gamma-ray emission from the anomalous X-ray pulsar 1E 1841-045 has a luminosity L_g ~ 10^{36} ergs/s. This luminosity exceeds the spindown power by three orders of magnitude and must be fed by an alternative source of energy such as an ultrastrong magnetic field. A gradual release of energy in the stellar magnetosphere is expected if it is twisted and a strong electric current is induced on the closed field lines. We examine two mechanisms of gamma-ray emission associated with the gradual dissipation of this current. (1) A thin surface layer of the star is heated by the downward beam of current-carrying charges, which excite Langmuir turbulence in the layer. As a result, it can reach a temperature kT ~ 100 keV and emit bremsstrahlung photons up to this characteristic energy. (2) The magnetosphere is also a source of soft gamma rays at a distance of ~100 km from the star, where the electron cyclotron energy is in the keV range. A large electric field develops in this region in resp...

Thompson, C

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Extended Durability Testing of an External Fuel Processor for a Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC)  

SciTech Connect

Durability testing was performed on an external fuel processor (EFP) for a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) power plant. The EFP enables the SOFC to reach high system efficiency (electrical efficiency up to 60%) using pipeline natural gas and eliminates the need for large quantities of bottled gases. LG Fuel Cell Systems Inc. (formerly known as Rolls-Royce Fuel Cell Systems (US) Inc.) (LGFCS) is developing natural gas-fired SOFC power plants for stationary power applications. These power plants will greatly benefit the public by reducing the cost of electricity while reducing the amount of gaseous emissions of carbon dioxide, sulfur oxides, and nitrogen oxides compared to conventional power plants. The EFP uses pipeline natural gas and air to provide all the gas streams required by the SOFC power plant; specifically those needed for start-up, normal operation, and shutdown. It includes a natural gas desulfurizer, a synthesis-gas generator and a start-gas generator. The research in this project demonstrated that the EFP could meet its performance and durability targets. The data generated helped assess the impact of long-term operation on system performance and system hardware. The research also showed the negative impact of ambient weather (both hot and cold conditions) on system operation and performance.

Mark Perna; Anant Upadhyayula; Mark Scotto

2012-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

352

WAR DEPARTaMMeNT  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

i i ..I WAR DEPARTaMMeNT Imentory~at ~etnl Bydridaa aa of 2i Js+ua?y is 20 toxss Bozml. .' imsntary Of 10 t0z.w allc7fs 10 tom as BX0683. p 5 Production of heels at Ravsre Coppsr & Brass Com_saay: ~ ExLrwion ia axpested to continua at 30 tons par waskand, whioh _ ..-,:~ is squix&mt to 130 tons per average nonth.Bcri;lg Febrmryx ht is estiziited ~.;'i thxt extrusionail be 6% on old specification bilf&a snd 30;; on nsv billets. It is estixstad or:ly nsa apasifioatim billets will be extmdad ., during Pm-oh sad April. Yisld of haala from new billets is eatizatsd at S$ and ou old billets at-83. C'n this basis, productioc of heals during Pebriarf ..; eouals S tons and'duriuC ,farch and Aaril equals 1% tons, xssking a total of .-;:: .Z& tons of heels available duriag this period.~ It ma assuned thst the .:;

353

Data:6547b862-fa2a-45e9-af24-58380cff0407 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b862-fa2a-45e9-af24-58380cff0407 b862-fa2a-45e9-af24-58380cff0407 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Russell, Massachusetts (Utility Company) Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: LARGE GENERAL SERVICE SCHEDULE LG- FARM DISCOUNT Sector: Industrial Description: Additional Info: Availability: To any non-residential customer having a three phase service. With a consistent demand less than (a) 80kw of demand/per 30 minutes and/or (b) 30,000 kWhr's per month. Includes 10% discount on monthly bill. Minimum Bill: $36.00 Plus $3.60 per kVA for transformer capacity installed if customer exceeds 80kw and/or 30,000kWhr's per month.

354

Lorentz Transformations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes a particularly didactic and transparent derivation of basic properties of the Lorentz group. The generators for rotations and boosts along an arbitrary direction, as well as their commutation relations, are written as functions of the unit vectors that define the axis of rotation or the direction of the boost (an approach that can be compared with the one that in electrodynamics, works with the electric and magnetic fields instead of the Maxwell stress tensor). For finite values of the angle of rotation or the boost's velocity, collectively denoted by V, the existence of an exponential expansion for the coordinate transformation's matrix, M (in terms of GV where G is the generator) requires that the matrix's derivative with respect to V, be equal to GM. This condition can only be satisfied if the transformation is additive as it is indeed the case for rotations, but not for velocities. If it is assumed, however, that for boosts such an expansion exists, with V = V(v), v being the velocity, and if the above condition is imposed on the boost's matrix then its expression in terms of hyperbolic cosh(V) and sinh(V} is recovered, and the expression for V(= arc tanh(v)) is determined. A general Lorentz transformation can be written as an exponential containing the sum of a rotation and a boost, which to first order is equal to the product of a boost with a rotation. The calculations of the second and third order terms show that the equations for the generators used in this paper, allow to reliably infer the expressions for the higher order generators, without having recourse to the commutation relations. The transformationmatrices for Weyl spinors are derived for finite values of the rotation and velocity, and field representations, leading to the expression for the angular momentum operator, are studied.

Bernard R. Durney

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Design features of high-intensity medium-energy superconducting heavy-ion Linac.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The proposed Rare Isotope Accelerator (RIA) requires the construction of a cw 1.4 GV superconducting (SC) linac that is capable of producing 400 kW beams of all ions from protons at 900 MeV to uranium at 400 MeV/u. The design of such a linac was outlined at the previous Linac conference. This linac will accelerate multiple-charge-states (multi-q) of the heaviest ion beams, for which the beam current is limited by ion-source performance. The linac consists of two different types of accelerating and focusing lattice: for uranium below {approx}85 MeV/u the focusing is provided by SC solenoids installed in cryostats with the SC resonators while in the high-beta section the focusing elements are located outside of the cryostats. A detailed design has been developed for the focusing-accelerating lattice of the linac. Beam dynamics studies have been performed with the goal of optimization of the linac structure in order to reduce a possible effective emittance growth of the multi-q uranium beam. A wide tuning range of the accelerating and focusing fields is required for acceleration of the variety of ions with different charge-to-mass ratios to the highest possible energy in single charge state mode. The focusing must be retuned for different ion masses to avoid resonance coupling between the transverse and longitudinal motions. Any visible impact of this coupling on the formation of beam halo must be avoided due to the high beam power.

Ostroumov, P. N.

2002-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

356

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357

Romania: Brand-New Engineering Solutions  

SciTech Connect

The HEU spent nuclear fuel transport from Romania was a pilot project in the framework of the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program (RRRFR), being the first fully certified spent nuclear fuel shipment by air. The successful implementation of the Romanian shipment also brought various new technology in the program, further used by other participating countries. Until 2009, the RRRFR program repatriated to the Russian Federation HEU spent nuclear fuel of Russian origin from many countries, like Uzbekistan, Czech Republic, Latvia, Hungary, Kazakhstan and Bulgaria. The means of transport used were various; from specialized TK-5 train for the carriage of Russian TUK-19 transport casks, to platform trains for 20 ft freight ISO containers carrying Czech Skoda VPVR/M casks; from river barge on the Danube, to vessel on the Mediterranean Sea and Atlantic Ocean. Initially, in 2005, the transport plan of the HEU spent nuclear fuel from the National Institute for R&D in Nuclear Physics and Nuclear Engineering 'Horia Hulubei' in Magurele, Romania considered a similar scheme, using the specialized TK-5 train transiting Ukraine to the destination point in the Russian Federation, or, as an alternative, using the means and route of the spent nuclear fuel periodically shipped from the Bulgarian nuclear power plant Kosloduy (by barge on the Danube, and by train through Ukraine to the Russian Federation). Due to impossibility to reach an agreement in due time with the transit country, in February 2007 the US, Russian and Romanian project partners decided to adopt the air shipment of the spent nuclear fuel as prime option, eliminating the need for agreements with any transit countries. By this time the spent nuclear fuel inspections were completed, proving the compliance of the burn-up parameters with the international requirements for air shipments of radioactive materials. The short air route avoiding overflying of any other countries except the country of origin and the country of destination also contributed to the decision making in this issue. The efficient project management and cooperation between the three countries (Russia, Romania and USA) made possible, after two and a half years of preparation work, for the first fully certified spent nuclear fuel air shipment to take place on 29th of June 2009, from Romanian airport 'Henri Coanda' to the Russian airport 'Koltsovo' near Yekaterinburg. One day before that, after a record period of 3 weeks of preparation, another HEU cargo was shipped by air from Romanian Institute for Nuclear Research in Pitesti to Russia, containing fresh pellets and therefore making Romania the third HEU-free country in the RRRFR program.

Ken Allen; Lucian Biro; Nicolae Zamfir; Madalina Budu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

"Seeing" Mercury Methylation in Progress  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mercury in the environment can easily reach toxic levels. In a process called methylation, Hg is transformed into a form that can be accumulated in the muscle and fatty tissue of fish. Accumulated levels of methylmercury become higher as the fish grow, and levels are magnified up the food web as larger fish eat smaller fish, a process called biomagnification. As a result, mercury concentrations in fish can be millions of times higher than in surrounding waters [1]. Fish advisories have been set to limit consumption of certain fish higher up on the food web, especially for pregnant women and small children (see Figure 1). Mercury in the environment can easily reach toxic levels. In a process called methylation, Hg is transformed into a form that can be accumulated in the muscle and fatty tissue of fish. Accumulated levels of methylmercury become higher as the fish grow, and levels are magnified up the food web as larger fish eat smaller fish, a process called biomagnification. As a result, mercury concentrations in fish can be millions of times higher than in surrounding waters [1]. Fish advisories have been set to limit consumption of certain fish higher up on the food web, especially for pregnant women and small children (see Figure 1). figure 1 Figure 1. Mercury health risks Health advisory from the CALFED Science Program to limit consumption of fish, in order to avoid excessive accumulation of Hg. Methylated Hg is biomagnified up the food chain, attaining high levels in some types of sportfish. http://science.calwater.ca.gov/images/scinews_hg_da_lg.jpg

359

Treatment of municipal landfill leachate using a combined anaerobic digester and activated sludge system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The main objective of this study was to assess the feasibility of treating sanitary landfill leachate using a combined anaerobic and activated sludge system. A high-strength leachate from Shiraz municipal landfill site was treated using this system. A two-stage laboratory-scale anaerobic digester under mesophilic conditions and an activated sludge unit were used. Landfill leachate composition and characteristics varied considerably during 8 months experiment (COD concentrations of 48,552-62,150 mg/L). It was found that the system could reduce the COD of the leachate by 94% at a loading rate of 2.25 g COD/L/d and 93% at loading rate of 3.37 g COD/L/d. The anaerobic digester treatment was quite effective in removing Fe, Cu, Mn, and Ni. However, in the case of Zn, removal efficiency was about 50%. For the rest of the HMs the removal efficiencies were in the range 88.8-99.9%. Ammonia reduction did not occur in anaerobic digesters. Anaerobic reactors increased alkalinity about 3.2-4.8% in the 1st digester and 1.8-7.9% in the 2nd digester. In activated sludge unit, alkalinity and ammonia removal efficiency were 49-60% and 48.6-64.7%, respectively. Methane production rate was in the range of 0.02-0.04, 0.04-0.07, and 0.02-0.04 L/g COD{sub rem} for the 1st digester, the 2nd digester, and combination of both digesters, respectively; the methane content of the biogas varied between 60% and 63%.

Kheradmand, S. [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Shiraz, Shiraz 7134851156 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Karimi-Jashni, A., E-mail: akarimi@shirazu.ac.i [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Shiraz, Shiraz 7134851156 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Sartaj, M. [Department of Civil Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan 841568311 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

360

Validation of New Process Models for Large Injection-Molded Long-Fiber Thermoplastic Composite Structures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the work conducted under the CRADA Nr. PNNL/304 between Battelle PNNL and Autodesk whose objective is to validate the new process models developed under the previous CRADA for large injection-molded LFT composite structures. To this end, the ARD-RSC and fiber length attrition models implemented in the 2013 research version of Moldflow was used to simulate the injection molding of 600-mm x 600-mm x 3-mm plaques from 40% glass/polypropylene (Dow Chemical DLGF9411.00) and 40% glass/polyamide 6,6 (DuPont Zytel 75LG40HSL BK031) materials. The injection molding was performed by Injection Technologies, Inc. at Windsor, Ontario (under a subcontract by Oak Ridge National Laboratory, ORNL) using the mold offered by the Automotive Composite Consortium (ACC). Two fill speeds under the same back pressure were used to produce plaques under slow-fill and fast-fill conditions. Also, two gating options were used to achieve the following desired flow patterns: flows in edge-gated plaques and in center-gated plaques. After molding, ORNL performed measurements of fiber orientation and length distributions for process model validations. The structure of this report is as follows. After the Introduction (Section 1), Section 2 provides a summary of the ARD-RSC and fiber length attrition models. A summary of model implementations in the latest research version of Moldflow is given in Section 3. Section 4 provides the key processing conditions and parameters for molding of the ACC plaques. The validations of the ARD-RSC and fiber length attrition models are presented and discussed in Section 5. The conclusions will be drawn in Section 6.

Nguyen, Ba Nghiep; Jin, Xiaoshi; Wang, Jin; Kunc, Vlastimil; Tucker III, Charles L.

2012-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

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361

Streamlined Approach for Environmental Restoration Plan for Corrective Action Unit 408: Bomblet Target Area, Tonopah Test Range, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

This Streamlined Approach for Environmental Restoration Plan provides the details for the closure of Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 408, Bomblet Target Area. CAU 408 is located at the Tonopah Test Range and is currently listed in Appendix III of the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order of 1996. One Corrective Action Site (CAS) is included in CAU 408: {lg_bullet} CAS TA-55-002-TAB2, Bomblet Target Areas Based on historical documentation, personnel interviews, process knowledge, site visits, aerial photography, multispectral data, preliminary geophysical surveys, and the results of data quality objectives process (Section 3.0), clean closure will be implemented for CAU 408. CAU 408 closure activities will consist of identification and clearance of bomblet target areas, identification and removal of depleted uranium (DU) fragments on South Antelope Lake, and collection of verification samples. Any soil containing contaminants at concentrations above the action levels will be excavated and transported to an appropriate disposal facility. Based on existing information, contaminants of potential concern at CAU 408 include explosives. In addition, at South Antelope Lake, bomblets containing DU were tested. None of these contaminants is expected to be present in the soil at concentrations above the action levels; however, this will be determined by radiological surveys and verification sample results. The corrective action investigation and closure activities have been planned to include data collection and hold points throughout the process. Hold points are designed to allow decision makers to review the existing data and decide which of the available options are most suitable. Hold points include the review of radiological, geophysical, and analytical data and field observations.

NSTec Environmental Management

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

High Energy Emission from Magnetars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The recently discovered soft gamma-ray emission from the anomalous X-ray pulsar 1E 1841-045 has a luminosity L_g ~ 10^{36} ergs/s. This luminosity exceeds the spindown power by three orders of magnitude and must be fed by an alternative source of energy such as an ultrastrong magnetic field. A gradual release of energy in the stellar magnetosphere is expected if it is twisted and a strong electric current is induced on the closed field lines. We examine two mechanisms of gamma-ray emission associated with the gradual dissipation of this current. (1) A thin surface layer of the star is heated by the downward beam of current-carrying charges, which excite Langmuir turbulence in the layer. As a result, it can reach a temperature kT ~ 100 keV and emit bremsstrahlung photons up to this characteristic energy. (2) The magnetosphere is also a source of soft gamma rays at a distance of ~100 km from the star, where the electron cyclotron energy is in the keV range. A large electric field develops in this region in response to the outward drag force felt by the current-carrying electrons from the flux of keV photons leaving the star. A seed positron injected in this region undergoes a runaway acceleration and upscatters keV photons above the threshold for pair creation. The created pairs emit a synchrotron spectrum consistent with the observed 20-100 keV emission. This spectrum is predicted to extend to higher energies and reach a peak at ~1 MeV.

C. Thompson; A. M. Beloborodov

2004-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

363

On the formation of dwarf galaxies and stellar halos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using analytic arguments and a suite of very high resolution (10^3 Msun per particle) cosmological hydro-dynamical simulations, we argue that high redshift, z ~ 10, M ~ 10^8 Msun halos, form the smallest `baryonic building block' (BBB) for galaxy formation. These halos are just massive enough to efficiently form stars through atomic line cooling and to hold onto their gas in the presence of supernovae winds and reionisation. These combined effects, in particular that of the supernovae feedback, create a sharp transition: over the mass range 3-10x10^7 Msun, the BBBs drop two orders ofmagnitude in stellar mass. Below ~2x10^7 Msun, galaxies will be dark with almost no stars and no gas. Above this scale is the smallest unit of galaxy formation: the BBB. A small fraction (~100) of these gas rich BBBs fall in to a galaxy the size of the Milky Way. Ten percent of these survive to become the observed LG dwarf galaxies at the present epoch. Those in-falling halos on benign orbits which keep them far away from the Milky Way or Andromeda manage to retain their gas and slowly form stars - these become the smallest dwarf irregular galax ies; those on more severe orbits lose their gas faster than they can form stars and become the dwarf spheroidals. The remaining 90% of the BBBs will be accreted. We show that this gives a metallicity and total stellar mass consistent with the Milky Way old stellar halo (abridged).

J. I. Read; A. P. Pontzen; M. Viel

2006-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

364

Wear Measurement of Highly Cross-linked UHMWPE using a 7Be Tracer Implantation Technique  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The very low wear rates achieved with the current highly cross-linked ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylenes (UHMWPE) used in joint prostheses have proven to be difficult to measure accurately by gravimetry. Tracer methods are there- fore being explored. The purpose of this study was to perform a proof-of-concept experiment on the use of the radioactive tracer beryllium-7 (7Be) for the determination of in vitro wear in a highly cross-linked orthopedic UHMWPE. Three cross-linked and four conventional UHMWPE pins made from compression- molded GUR 1050, were activated with 109 to 1010 7Be nuclei using a new implantation setup that produced a homogenous distribution of implanted nuclei up to 8.5 lm below the surface. The pins were tested for wear in a six-station pin-on-flat appara- tus for up to 7.1 million cycles (178 km). A Germanium gamma detector was employed to determine activity loss of the UHMWPE pins at preset intervals during the wear test. The wear of the cross-linked UHMWPE pins was readily detected and esti- mated to be 17 6 3 lg per million cycles. The conventional-to- cross-linked ratio of the wear rates was 13.1 6 0.8, in the expected range for these materials. Oxidative degradation dam- age from implantation was negligible; however, a weak depend- ence of wear on implantation dose was observed limiting the number of radioactive tracer atoms that can be introduced. Future applications of this tracer technology may include the analysis of location-specific wear, such as loss of material in the post or backside of a tibial insert.

Wimmer, Markus A. [Rush Uniiv. Medical Center; Laurent, Michael P. [Rush Univ. Medical Center; Dwivedi, Yasha [Rush Univ. Medical Center; Gallardo, Luis A. [Rush Univ. Medical Center; Chipps, K. [Colorado School of Mines, Golden; Blackmon, Jeffery C [Louisiana State University; Kozub, R. L. [Tennessee Technological University; Bardayan, Daniel W [ORNL; Gross, Carl J [ORNL; Stracener, Daniel W [ORNL; Smith, Michael Scott [ORNL; Nesaraja, Caroline D [ORNL; Erikson, Luke [Colorado School of Mines, Golden; Patel, Nidhi [Colorado School of Mines, Golden; Rehm, Karl E. [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Ahmad, Irshad [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Greene, John P. [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Greife, Uwe [Colorado School of Mines, Golden

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

A THEORETICAL INVESTIGATION OF RADIOLYTIC H2 GENERATION FROM SOLIDS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Hydrogen generation from materials in nuclear materials storage is of critical interest due to the potential for pressurization and/or flammability issues. Studies have focused on aqueous systems or those with minor amounts of physisorbed water, since conventional knowledge identifies the radiolytic decomposition of water as the source of H{sub 2} gas. Furthermore, the approach to characterize gas generation is typically strictly empirical, relying on determination of G-values from which production in systems is estimated. Interestingly, exploratory work at SRNL1 on gamma exposure to fully-dried solids with chemically-bound water that are typical of those produced on aluminium-clad nuclear fuel in reactor and post-discharge storage has shown a profound production of hydrogen (as the sole gaseous species) from fully dried boehmite ({gamma}-AlOOH or Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} {center_dot} H{sub 2}O) powders and no observable hydrogen from gibbsite ({gamma}-Al(OH){sub 3} or Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} {center_dot} 3H{sub 2}O) under gamma irradiation from cobalt-60. This observation is significant in that gibbsite is known to thermally decompose at 80 C whereas boehmite is stable to 400 C. Radiation damage can have various effects on solids, including heating, bond breaking, and rearrangements in the bonding structure. For example, a molecule can be ionized resulting in the generation of free electrons which can, in turn, ionize another molecule. Alternately, reactive radical species such as {lg_bullet}OH or cation species may be formed, which can go on to change bonding structures.

Westbrook, M.; Sindelar, R.; Fisher, D.

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Midlatitude Continental Convective Clouds Experiment (MC3E)  

SciTech Connect

Convective processes play a critical role in the Earths energy balance through the redistribution of heat and moisture in the atmosphere and subsequent impacts on the hydrologic cycle. Global observation and accurate representation of these processes in numerical models is vital to improving our current understanding and future simulations of Earths climate system. Despite improvements in computing power, current operational weather and global climate models are unable to resolve the natural temporal and spatial scales that are associated with convective and stratiform precipitation processes; therefore, they must turn to parameterization schemes to represent these processes. In turn, the physical basis for these parameterization schemes needs to be evaluated for general application under a variety of atmospheric conditions. Analogously, space-based remote sensing algorithms designed to retrieve related cloud and precipitation information for use in hydrological, climate, and numerical weather prediction applications often rely on physical parameterizations that reliably translate indirectly related instrument measurements to the physical quantity of interest (e.g., precipitation rate). Importantly, both spaceborne retrieval algorithms and model convective parameterization schemes traditionally rely on field campaign data sets as a basis for evaluating and improving the physics of their respective approaches. The Midlatitude Continental Convective Clouds Experiment (MC3E) will take place in central Oklahoma during the AprilMay 2011 period. The experiment is a collaborative effort between the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility and the National Aeronautics and Space Administrations (NASA) Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission Ground Validation (GV) program. The field campaign leverages the unprecedented observing infrastructure currently available in the central United States, combined with an extensive sounding array, remote sensing and in situ aircraft observations, NASA GPM ground validation remote sensors, and new ARM instrumentation purchased with American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funding. The overarching goal is to provide the most complete characterization of convective cloud systems, precipitation, and the environment that has ever been obtained, providing constraints for model cumulus parameterizations and space-based rainfall retrieval algorithms over land that have never before been available. Several different components of convective cloud and precipitation processes tangible to both the convective parameterization and precipitation retrieval algorithm problem are targeted, such as preconvective environment and convective initiation, updraft/downdraft dynamics, condensate transport and detrainment, precipitation and cloud microphysics, spatial and temporal variability of precipitation, influence on the environment and radiation, and a detailed description of the large-scale forcing.

Jensen, MP; Petersen, WA; Del Genio, AD; Giangrande, SE; Heymsfield, A; Heymsfield, G; Hou, AY; Kollias, P; Orr, B; Rutledge, SA; Schwaller, MR; Zipser, E

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Magnitude and value of electric vehicle emissions reductions for six driving cycles in four US cities with varying air quality problems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The emissions of logically competing mid-1990 gasoline vehicles (GVs) and electric vehicles (EVs) are estimated as if the vehicles were driven in the same pattern of driving. Six different driving cycles are evaluated, ranging in speed from 7 to 49 miles per hour (mph). These steps are repeated using specifics of fuel composition, electric power mix, and environmental conditions applicable to Chicago, Denver, Los Angeles, and New York in the month of July. The year 2000 emissions differences for each of four regulated pollutants - HC, CO, NO{sub x,} SO{sub x} - are estimated. CO{sub 2} emissions are also estimated. With use of EVs, HC and CO emissions are consistently lowered by 98% or more. CO{sub 2} emissions reductions are uniformly large at low speed, but variable at high speed. It is found that initially introduced EVs could achieve 100% emission reductions in Chicago by using off-peak power from nuclear power plants for EV electricity generation. Emissions reductions occur for all combinations in Los Angeles, and for most combinations in New York, excepting SO{sub x}. NO{sub x} emissions are reduced in all four cities. An ``avoided cost`` value for each regulated pollutant is estimated for each of the cities. The values for each city depend on severity of air quality violations. It is estimated that the emissions reduction value of EVs driven an average of one and one half hours per day in Los Angeles ranges from $1050 to $3,900; $590 to $2100 in New York; $270 to $1200 in Chicago, and $330 to $1250 in Denver (1989$). Assuming a range of about 100 miles in congested conditions with speeds of 10 mph or less, the estimates range from $3600 to $13300 for Los Angeles; $2004 to $7200 for New York; $930 to $2930 for Chicago; and $1120 to $4290 for Denver. Low estimates are obtained using EPA`s draft Mobile5 model for GV emissions, high values by using California`s EMFAC7EP-SCF1 model. The dollar value benefit estimates include no economic value.

Wang, Q. [California Univ., Davis, CA (United States); Santini, D.L. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

368

Magnitude and value of electric vehicle emissions reductions for six driving cycles in four US cities with varying air quality problems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The emissions of logically competing mid-1990 gasoline vehicles (GVs) and electric vehicles (EVs) are estimated as if the vehicles were driven in the same pattern of driving. Six different driving cycles are evaluated, ranging in speed from 7 to 49 miles per hour (mph). These steps are repeated using specifics of fuel composition, electric power mix, and environmental conditions applicable to Chicago, Denver, Los Angeles, and New York in the month of July. The year 2000 emissions differences for each of four regulated pollutants - HC, CO, NO[sub x,] SO[sub x] - are estimated. CO[sub 2] emissions are also estimated. With use of EVs, HC and CO emissions are consistently lowered by 98% or more. CO[sub 2] emissions reductions are uniformly large at low speed, but variable at high speed. It is found that initially introduced EVs could achieve 100% emission reductions in Chicago by using off-peak power from nuclear power plants for EV electricity generation. Emissions reductions occur for all combinations in Los Angeles, and for most combinations in New York, excepting SO[sub x]. NO[sub x] emissions are reduced in all four cities. An avoided cost'' value for each regulated pollutant is estimated for each of the cities. The values for each city depend on severity of air quality violations. It is estimated that the emissions reduction value of EVs driven an average of one and one half hours per day in Los Angeles ranges from $1050 to $3,900; $590 to $2100 in New York; $270 to $1200 in Chicago, and $330 to $1250 in Denver (1989$). Assuming a range of about 100 miles in congested conditions with speeds of 10 mph or less, the estimates range from $3600 to $13300 for Los Angeles; $2004 to $7200 for New York; $930 to $2930 for Chicago; and $1120 to $4290 for Denver. Low estimates are obtained using EPA's draft Mobile5 model for GV emissions, high values by using California's EMFAC7EP-SCF1 model. The dollar value benefit estimates include no economic value.

Wang, Q. (California Univ., Davis, CA (United States)); Santini, D.L. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Effective passivation of In{sub 0.2}Ga{sub 0.8}As by HfO{sub 2} surpassing Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} via in-situ atomic layer deposition  

SciTech Connect

High {kappa} gate dielectrics of HfO{sub 2} and Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} were deposited on molecular beam epitaxy-grown In{sub 0.2}Ga{sub 0.8}As pristine surface using in-situ atomic-layer-deposition (ALD) without any surface treatment or passivation layer. The ALD-HfO{sub 2}/p-In{sub 0.2}Ga{sub 0.8}As interface showed notable reduction in the interfacial density of states (D{sub it}), deduced from quasi-static capacitance-voltage and conductance-voltage (G-V) at room temperature and 100 Degree-Sign C. More significantly, the midgap peak commonly observed in the D{sub it}(E) of ALD-oxides/In{sub 0.2}Ga{sub 0.8}As is now greatly diminished. The midgap D{sub it} value decreases from {>=}15 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 12} eV{sup -1} cm{sup -2} for ALD-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} to {approx}2-4 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 12} eV{sup -1} cm{sup -2} for ALD-HfO{sub 2}. Further, thermal stability at 850 Degree-Sign C was achieved in the HfO{sub 2}/In{sub 0.2}Ga{sub 0.8}As, whereas C-V characteristics of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/p-In{sub 0.2}Ga{sub 0.8}As degraded after the high temperature annealing. From in-situ x-ray photoelectron spectra, the AsO{sub x}, which is not the oxidized state from the native oxide, but is an induced state from adsorption of trimethylaluminum and H{sub 2}O, was found at the ALD-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/In{sub 0.2}Ga{sub 0.8}As interface, while that was not detected at the ALD-HfO{sub 2}/In{sub 0.2}Ga{sub 0.8}As interface.

Chang, Y. H.; Chiang, T. H. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Lin, C. A.; Liu, Y. T.; Lin, H. Y.; Huang, M. L.; Kwo, J. [Department of Physics, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Lin, T. D.; Hong, M. [Graduate Institute of Applied Physics and Department of Physics, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Pi, T. W. [National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Hsinchu 30076, Taiwan (China)

2012-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

370

Improving Earthquake-Explosion Discrimination using Attenuation Models of the Crust and Upper Mantle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the past year, we have made significant progress on developing and calibrating methodologies to improve earthquake-explosion discrimination using high-frequency regional P/S amplitude ratios. Closely-spaced earthquakes and explosions generally discriminate easily using this method, as demonstrated by recordings of explosions from test sites around the world. In relatively simple geophysical regions such as the continental parts of the Yellow Sea and Korean Peninsula (YSKP) we have successfully used a 1-D Magnitude and Distance Amplitude Correction methodology (1-D MDAC) to extend the regional P/S technique over large areas. However in tectonically complex regions such as the Middle East, or the mixed oceanic-continental paths for the YSKP the lateral variations in amplitudes are not well predicted by 1-D corrections and 1-D MDAC P/S discrimination over broad areas can perform poorly. We have developed a new technique to map 2-D attenuation structure in the crust and upper mantle. We retain the MDAC source model and geometrical spreading formulation and use the amplitudes of the four primary regional phases (Pn, Pg, Sn, Lg), to develop a simultaneous multi-phase approach to determine the P-wave and S-wave attenuation of the lithosphere. The methodology allows solving for attenuation structure in different depth layers. Here we show results for the P and S-wave attenuation in crust and upper mantle layers. When applied to the Middle East, we find variations in the attenuation quality factor Q that are consistent with the complex tectonics of the region. For example, provinces along the tectonically-active Tethys collision zone (e.g. Turkish Plateau, Zagros) have high attenuation in both the crust and upper mantle, while the stable outlying regions like the Indian Shield generally have low attenuation. In the Arabian Shield, however, we find that the low attenuation in this Precambrian crust is underlain by a high-attenuation upper mantle similar to the nearby Red Sea Rift. Applying this 2-D MDAC methodology with the new attenuation models can significantly improve earthquake-explosion discrimination using regional P/S amplitude ratios. We demonstrate applications of this technique, including a study at station NIL (Nilore, Pakistan) using broad area earthquakes and the 1998 Indian nuclear explosion using a number of regional amplitude ratio discriminants. We are currently applying the technique in the YSKP region as well.

Pasyanos, M E; Walter, W R; Matzel, E M; Rodgers, A J; Ford, S R; Gok, R; Sweeney, J J

2009-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

371

Advanced Multi-Product Coal Utilization By-Product Processing Plant  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The overall objective of this project is to design, construct, and operate an ash beneficiation facility that will generate several products from coal combustion ash stored in a utility ash pond. The site selected is LG&E's Ghent Station located in Carroll County, Kentucky. The specific site under consideration is the lower ash pond at Ghent, a closed landfill encompassing over 100 acres. Coring activities revealed that the pond contains over 7 million tons of ash, including over 1.5 million tons of coarse carbon and 1.8 million tons of fine (ash market is currently oversupplied by more than 500,000 tpy and distant markets (i.e. Florida) are oversupplied as well. While the total US demand for ultrafine pozzolan is currently equal to demand, there is no reason to expect a significant increase in demand. Despite the technical merits identified in the pilot plant work with regard to beneficiating the entire pond ash stream, market developments in the Ohio River Valley area during 2006-2007 were not conducive to demonstrating the project at the scale proposed in the Cooperative Agreement. As a result, Cemex withdrew from the project in 2006 citing unfavorable local market conditions in the foreseeable future at the demonstration site. During the Budget Period 1 extensions provided by the DOE, CAER has contacted several other companies, including cement producers and ash marketing concerns for private cost share. Based on the prevailing demand-supply situation, these companies had expressed interest only in limited product lines, rather than the entire ash beneficiation product stream. Although CAER had generated interest in the technology, a financial commitment to proceed to Budget Period 2 could not be obtained from private companies. Furthermore, the prospects of any decisions being reached within a reasonable time frame were dim. Thus, CAER concurred with the DOE to conclude the project at the end of Budget Period 1, March 31, 2007. The activities presented in this report were carried out during the Cooperative Agreement period 08 November 2004 through 31 March 2007.

Thomas Robl; John Groppo

2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

372

Reply to comment by J. Ganguly on Evaluation of thermobarometers for garnet peridotites'  

SciTech Connect

In the authors' 1984 and subsequent papers (Finnerty and Boyd, 1987; Finnerty, 1989) they evaluated more than 650 combinations of thermometers and barometers. Where possible they have used thermodynamic or mathematic formulations that authors have derived from their data. In cases where such formulations were either not provided or were incomplete, they have fitted data by the simplest possible procedures. Equation 9a of Lane and Ganguly (1980) requires calculation of the term X{sub Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}}{sup Opx} from analytical data in the form of weight-percent oxides. No procedure was given in their paper for calculation of this quantity. Different methods are required depending upon site occupancy models and upon whether the effects of components other than Mg, Al, and Si (MAS) are considered. Limiting their consideration to the MAS system, the authors tested alternate definitions of X{sub Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}}{sup Opx} by calculating P-T values for garnet peridotite xenoliths from northern Lesotho and comparing the estimates to those presented by Lane and Ganguly (1980, Fig. 5 LG80). When X{sub Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}}{sup Opx} was calculated as Al/(Al + 2Si), where the chemical symbols refer to the numbers of the respective cations calculated from the chemical analysis on a 6-oxygen basis, their estimates agreed with those in the Lane and Ganguly (1980) paper, insofar as could be determined by comparison with their Fig. 5. This formula was transferred into Program TEMPEST, and a plot generated with it was used as the basis for remarks in the text of the authors' paper. These remarks are correct, but an error was made in assembling the accompanying figures. A preliminary estimate calculated with the formula Al/(Al + Si) was inadvertently substituted for the correct figure and was included in their published paper (Fig. 4F). Pressure estimates in the invalid figure are low by about 10 kbar. The correct version of the original Fig. 4F is presented herein as Fig. 1.

Finnerty, A.A. (Balance Hydrologics, Inc., Berkeley, CA (United States)); Boyd, F.R. (Carnegie Institution of Washington, DC (United States))

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Dielectric-Lined High-Gradient Accelerator Structure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rectangular particle accelerator structures with internal planar dielectric elements have been studied, with a view towards devising structures with lower surface fields for a given accelerating field, as compared with structures without dielectrics. Success with this concept is expected to allow operation at higher accelerating gradients than otherwise on account of reduced breakdown probabilities. The project involves studies of RF breakdown on amorphous dielectrics in test cavities that could enable high-gradient structures to be built for a future multi-TeV collider. The aim is to determine what the limits are for RF fields at the surfaces of selected dielectrics, and the resulting acceleration gradient that could be achieved in a working structure. The dielectric of principal interest in this study is artificial CVD diamond, on account of its advertised high breakdown field ({approx}2 GV/m for dc), low loss tangent, and high thermal conductivity. Experimental studies at mm-wavelengths on materials and structures for achieving high acceleration gradient were based on the availability of the 34.3 GHz third-harmonic magnicon amplifier developed by Omega-P, and installed at the Yale University Beam Physics Laboratory. Peak power from the magnicon was measured to be about 20 MW in 0.5 {micro}s pulses, with a gain of 54 dB. Experiments for studying RF high-field effects on CVD diamond samples failed to show any evidence after more than 10{sup 5} RF pulses of RF breakdown up to a tangential surface field strength of 153 MV/m; studies at higher fields were not possible due to a degradation in magnicon performance. A rebuild of the tube is underway at this writing. Computed performance for a dielectric-loaded rectangular accelerator structure (DLA) shows highly competitive properties, as compared with an existing all-metal structure. For example, comparisons were made of a DLA structure having two planar CVD diamond elements with a all-metal CERN structure HDS operating at 30 GHz. It was shown that the ratio of maximum surface electric field to accelerating field at the metal wall is only 0.35-0.4 for DLA, much smaller than the value 2.2 for HDS; and the ratio of surface magnetic field to accelerating field is 3.0 mA/V for DLA, compared with 3.45 mA/V for HDS. These values bode well for DLA in helping to avoid breakdown and to reducing pulsed surface heating and fatigue. The shunt impedance is found to be 160-175 M{Omega}/m for DLA, as compared to 99 M{Omega}/m for HDS. Conclusions are reached from this project that CVD diamond appears promising as a dielectric with a high threshold for RF breakdown, and that rectangular accelerator structures can be devised using planar CVD diamond elements that could be operated at higher acceleration gradients with low probability of RF breakdown, as compared with corresponding all-metallic structures.

Jay L. Hirshfield

2012-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

374

Advanced Multi-Product Coal Utilization By-Product Processing Plant  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this project is to design, construct, and operate an ash beneficiation facility that will generate several products from coal combustion ash stored in a utility ash pond. The site selected is LG&E's Ghent Station located in Carroll County, Kentucky. The specific site under consideration is the lower ash pond at Ghent, a closed landfill encompassing over 100 acres. Coring activities revealed that the pond contains over 7 million tons of ash, including over 1.5 million tons of coarse carbon and 1.8 million tons of fine (<10 {micro}m) glassy pozzolanic material. These potential products are primarily concentrated in the lower end of the pond adjacent to the outlet. A representative bulk sample was excavated for conducting laboratory-scale process testing while a composite 150 ton sample was also excavated for demonstration-scale testing at the Ghent site. A mobile demonstration plant with a design feed rate of 2.5 tph was constructed and hauled to the Ghent site to evaluate unit processes (i.e. primary classification, froth flotation, spiral concentration, secondary classification, etc.) on a continuous basis to determine appropriate scale-up data. Unit processes were configured into four different flowsheets and operated at a feed rate of 2.5 tph to verify continuous operating performance and generate bulk (1 to 2 tons) products for product testing. Cementitious products were evaluated for performance in mortar and concrete as well as cement manufacture process addition. All relevant data from the four flowsheets was compiled to compare product yields and quality while preliminary flowsheet designs were generated to determine throughputs, equipment size specifications and capital cost summaries. A detailed market study was completed to evaluate the potential markets for cementitious products. Results of the study revealed that the Ghent local fly ash market is currently oversupplied by more than 500,000 tpy and distant markets (i.e. Florida) are oversupplied as well. While the total US demand for ultrafine pozzolan is currently equal to demand, there is no reason to expect a significant increase in demand. Despite the technical merits identified in the pilot plant work with regard to beneficiating the entire pond ash stream, market developments in the Ohio River Valley area during 2006-2007 were not conducive to demonstrating the project at the scale proposed in the Cooperative Agreement. As a result, Cemex withdrew from the project in 2006 citing unfavorable local market conditions in the foreseeable future at the demonstration site. During the Budget Period 1 extensions provided by the DOE, CAER has contacted several other companies, including cement producers and ash marketing concerns for private cost share. Based on the prevailing demand-supply situation, these companies had expressed interest only in limited product lines, rather than the entire ash beneficiation product stream. Although CAER had generated interest in the technology, a financial commitment to proceed to Budget Period 2 could not be obtained from private companies. Furthermore, the prospects of any decisions being reached within a reasonable time frame were dim. Thus, CAER concurred with the DOE to conclude the project at the end of Budget Period 1, March 31, 2007. The activities presented in this report were carried out during the Cooperative Agreement period 08 November 2004 through 31 March 2007.

Thomas Robl; John Groppo

2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

375

Water Extraction from Coal-Fired Power Plant Flue Gas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The overall objective of this program was to develop a liquid disiccant-based flue gas dehydration process technology to reduce water consumption in coal-fired power plants. The specific objective of the program was to generate sufficient subscale test data and conceptual commercial power plant evaluations to assess process feasibility and merits for commercialization. Currently, coal-fired power plants require access to water sources outside the power plant for several aspects of their operation in addition to steam cycle condensation and process cooling needs. At the present time, there is no practiced method of extracting the usually abundant water found in the power plant stack gas. This project demonstrated the feasibility and merits of a liquid desiccant-based process that can efficiently and economically remove water vapor from the flue gas of fossil fuel-fired power plants to be recycled for in-plant use or exported for clean water conservation. After an extensive literature review, a survey of the available physical and chemical property information on desiccants in conjunction with a weighting scheme developed for this application, three desiccants were selected and tested in a bench-scale system at the Energy and Environmental Research Center (EERC). System performance at the bench scale aided in determining which desiccant was best suited for further evaluation. The results of the bench-scale tests along with further review of the available property data for each of the desiccants resulted in the selection of calcium chloride as the desiccant for testing at the pilot-scale level. Two weeks of testing utilizing natural gas in Test Series I and coal in Test Series II for production of flue gas was conducted with the liquid desiccant dehumidification system (LDDS) designed and built for this study. In general, it was found that the LDDS operated well and could be placed in an automode in which the process would operate with no operator intervention or adjustment. Water produced from this process should require little processing for use, depending on the end application. Test Series II water quality was not as good as that obtained in Test Series I; however, this was believed to be due to a system upset that contaminated the product water system during Test Series II. The amount of water that can be recovered from flue gas with the LDDS is a function of several variables, including desiccant temperature, L/G in the absorber, flash drum pressure, liquid-gas contact method, and desiccant concentration. Corrosion will be an issue with the use of calcium chloride as expected but can be largely mitigated through proper material selection. Integration of the LDDS with either low-grade waste heat and or ground-source heating and cooling can affect the parasitic power draw the LDDS will have on a power plant. Depending on the amount of water to be removed from the flue gas, the system can be designed with no parasitic power draw on the power plant other than pumping loads. This can be accomplished in one scenario by taking advantage of the heat of absorption and the heat of vaporization to provide the necessary temperature changes in the desiccant with the flue gas and precipitates that may form and how to handle them. These questions must be addressed in subsequent testing before scale-up of the process can be confidently completed.

Bruce C. Folkedahl; Greg F. Weber; Michael E. Collings

2006-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

376

Experimental Dynamic Forced Performance of a Centrally Grooved, End Sealed Squeeze Film Damper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Squeeze film dampers (SFDs) provide viscous damping to attenuate excessive vibrations and enhance system stability in turbomachinery. SFDs are of special importance in aircraft engines which use rolling element support bearings that, by themselves, do not provide enough damping to ensure safe operation. A modular test rig capable of simulating actual operating conditions in aircraft jet engines is used to test two centrally grooved, end sealed, SFDs. Both SFDs have diameter D and nominal radial clearance c and consist of two parallel squeeze film lands separated by a deep circumferential groove of length LG and depth dG. A short length damper with film land lengths L and a long damper with land lengths 2L are tested. Piston rings seal the damper lands. An ISO VG2 lubricant is supplied to the SFD via three radial holes that discharge lubricant into the central groove. The lubricant passes through the damper lands and across the piston ring seals to finally exit the damper at ambient pressure. Circular orbit tests of amplitude ~0.5c and for static eccentricities varying from 0 to ~0.36c are conducted on the two sealed dampers. The instrumental variable filter method (IVFM) serves to identify the SFD dynamic force coefficients. The parameter identification range is 50Hz to 210Hz for the short damper and 110Hz to 250Hz for the long damper. Large amplitude dynamic pressures measured in the central groove demonstrate that the central groove does not divide the damper in two separate film lands, but the lubricant in the groove interacts with the squeeze film lands, hence contributing significantly to the SFD forced response. Dynamic pressures in the film lands and in the central groove reveal that both dampers operate free of air ingestion or cavitation for the tested static eccentricities and amplitudes of motion. Comparisons to test results for the same SFD configurations but with open ends demonstrate the effectiveness of the end seals on increasing the direct damping coefficients. For the sealed ends short length damper, the added mass coefficients are ~2 times larger and the damping coefficients are ~3.8 times larger than the respective coefficients of the open ends long damper. For the sealed ends long damper, the damping coefficients are ~2.8 times, and the added mass coefficients are ~3.1 times larger than coefficients from the open ends configuration. The identified SFD direct stiffness coefficients are nearly zero except at the maximum static eccentricity for the long damper. Predictions from a novel computational model that include the effects of the central groove, the lubricant feed holes and the end seals are in excellent agreement with results from the short length damper. For the long damper, the predicted damping coefficients are in good agreement with the test results, while the added mass coefficients are under predicted by ~25 percent. Experimental results from the two sealed SFD configurations lead to a better understanding of the effects of end seals as well as central feed groves on the SFD forced performance. The results presented in this thesis will help improve the effectiveness of SFDs aircraft jet engines.

Mahecha Mojica, Lady Paola

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z