Sample records for lg electronics usa

  1. LG Electronics U.S.A. v. DOE, Stipulation of Voluntary Dismissal

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    LG Electronics U.S.A., Inc. v. U.S. Dept. of Energy, Civil Action Number 1:09-cv-02297-JDB - LG voluntarily dismissed its claims against the DOE and agrees to remove the ENERGY STAR labels from various refrigerator-freezers.

  2. LG Electronics v. DOE - Defendants' Brief in Opposition to Plaintiff...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Electronics v. DOE - Defendants' Brief in Opposition to Plaintiff LG Electronics' Motion for a Preliminary Injunction LG Electronics v. DOE - Defendants' Brief in Opposition to...

  3. DOE Reaches Agreement with LG Electronics, USA, On Refrigerator Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613PortsmouthBartlesvilleAbout »Department of2 DOEDepartment| DepartmentRailcar

  4. TEE-0025 - In the Matter of LG Electronics, Inc. | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23, 2014,ZaleskiThis Decision considers an AppealNORDYNE, Inc. (NORDYNE),byby LG

  5. Sharp Electronics Corporation USA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎ |Rippey JumpAirPower Partners Wind Farm Jump to:Electronics

  6. FREE ELECTRON LASERS AND HIGH-ENERGY ELECTRON COOLING* Vladimir N. Litvinenko, BNL, Upton, Long Island, NY, USA#

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    two orders-of-magnitude. Two techniques offering the potential to cool high- energy hadron beamsFREE ELECTRON LASERS AND HIGH-ENERGY ELECTRON COOLING* Vladimir N. Litvinenko, BNL, Upton, Long Island, NY, USA# Yaroslav S. Derbenev, TJNAF, Newport News, VA, USA) Abstract Cooling intense high

  7. Gewone Differentiaalvergelijkingen Gerard L.G. Sleijpen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sleijpen, Gerard

    Universiteit Utrecht Utrecht, september 2001 #12;NUMERIEKE Gewone Differentiaalvergelijkingen Gerard L.G. Sleijpen Mathematisch Instituut Universiteit Utrecht Utrecht, september 2001 #12;Voorwoord We behandelen Instituut Universiteit Utrecht Utrecht, januari 1996 i #12;Inhoudsopgave Voorwoord i Inhoud ii Notaties en

  8. LG Electronics Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou NewKorea Parts andKunshanGroupEmissionsLEXELLGLGLG

  9. *, **LG, *** {kilmd55, sky6174, carecano}@ccl.snu.ac.kr, jsno@snu.ac.kr, habchung@hongik.ac.kr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    No, Jong-Seon

    National Univ., **LG Electronic, ***Hongik Univ. , (soft-decision-and-forward: SDF) . (signal-to-noise ratio: SNR) , . . [1] SDF (maximum-likelihood: ML) , [2] (pairwise error probability: PEP) . SDF SNR , . 1 . . 1 1 (source: S

  10. LG Electronics v. DOE - Defendants' Brief in Opposition to Plaintiff LG

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment ofLetter Report:40PM toLED Lighting Facts

  11. LG Display Everlight Electronics JV | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou NewKorea Parts andKunshanGroupEmissionsLEXELLG

  12. Gewone Di#erentiaalvergelijkingen Gerard L.G. Sleijpen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sleijpen, Gerard

    Universiteit Utrecht Utrecht, september 2001 #12; NUMERIEKE Gewone Di#erentiaalvergelijkingen Gerard L.G. Sleijpen Mathematisch Instituut Universiteit Utrecht Utrecht, september 2001 #12; Voorwoord We behandelen Universiteit Utrecht Utrecht, januari 1996 i #12; Inhoudsopgave Voorwoord i Inhoud ii Notaties en conventies

  13. SCH-MGMT 597LG Humanitarian Logistics Spring 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    SCH-MGMT 597LG Humanitarian Logistics and Healthcare Spring 2012 Class Time: Tuesdays of people affected by them. Logistics plays a central role in all phases of disaster management and supporting humanitarian operations. The fundamental task of a logistics system is to deliver the appropriate

  14. SCH-MGMT 597LG Humanitarian Logistics Spring 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    SCH-MGMT 597LG Humanitarian Logistics and Healthcare Spring 2014 Class Time: Tuesdays of people affected by them. Logistics plays a central role in all phases of disaster management and supporting humanitarian operations. The fundamental task of a logistics system is to deliver the appropriate

  15. Li-Ion Battery Cell Manufacturing

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Corp. LG Chem Chemicals Electronics Comm.& Services *LG Chem *LG Hausys *LG Household & Health Care *LG Life Sciences *LG MMA *LG Electronics *LG Display *LG Innotek *Hiplaza...

  16. Broadband Lg Attenuation Modeling in the Middle East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pasyanos, M E; Matzel, E M; Walter, W R; Rodgers, A J

    2008-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a broadband tomographic model of Lg attenuation in the Middle East derived from source- and site-corrected amplitudes. Absolute amplitude measurements are made on hand-selected and carefully windowed seismograms for tens of stations and thousands of crustal earthquakes resulting in excellent coverage of the region. A conjugate gradient method is used to tomographically invert the amplitude dataset of over 8000 paths over a 45{sup o} x 40{sup o} region of the Middle East. We solve for Q variation, as well as site and source terms, for a wide range of frequencies ranging from 0.5-10 Hz. We have modified the standard attenuation tomography technique to more explicitly define the earthquake source expression in terms of the seismic moment. This facilitates the use of the model to predict the expected amplitudes of new events, an important consideration for earthquake hazard or explosion monitoring applications. The attenuation results have a strong correlation to tectonics. Shields have low attenuation, while tectonic regions have high attenuation, with the highest attenuation at 1 Hz is found in eastern Turkey. The results also compare favorably to other studies in the region made using Lg propagation efficiency, Lg/Pg amplitude ratios and two-station methods. We tomographically invert the amplitude measurements for each frequency independently. In doing so, it appears the frequency-dependence of attenuation is not compatible with the power law representation of Q(f), an assumption that is often made.

  17. LG Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) Model Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haberman, Ben; Martinez-Baca, Carlos; Rush, Greg

    2013-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents a summary of the work performed by LG Fuel Cell Systems Inc. during the project LG Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) Model Development (DOE Award Number: DE-FE0000773) which commenced on October 1, 2009 and was completed on March 31, 2013. The aim of this project is for LG Fuel Cell Systems Inc. (formerly known as Rolls-Royce Fuel Cell Systems (US) Inc.) (?LGFCS?) to develop a multi-physics solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) computer code (MPC) for performance calculations of the LGFCS fuel cell structure to support fuel cell product design and development. A summary of the initial stages of the project is provided which describes the MPC requirements that were developed and the selection of a candidate code, STAR-CCM+ (CD-adapco). This is followed by a detailed description of the subsequent work program including code enhancement and model verification and validation activities. Details of the code enhancements that were implemented to facilitate MPC SOFC simulations are provided along with a description of the models that were built using the MPC and validated against experimental data. The modeling work described in this report represents a level of calculation detail that has not been previously available within LGFCS.

  18. LG: Order (2015-CE-14022) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment ofLetter Report:40PM toLED Lighting FactsWashers |5-CE-14022) LG:

  19. LG to DOE General Counsel; Re:Request for Comment on Large Capacity...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Clothes Washers LG response to DOE's request for information regarding alternative test procedures for large-capacity clothes washer models, December 7, 2010. After DOE...

  20. U.S. District Court Upholds DOE's Action Against LG to Enforce...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Columbia upheld the Department of Energy's decision to remove the ENERGY STAR label from certain inefficient LG refrigerator-freezer models. As part of its expanded...

  1. Portable system for intermediate-depth ice-core drilling V. Zagorodnov, L.G. Thompson and E. Mosley-Thompson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howat, Ian M.

    Portable system for intermediate-depth ice-core drilling V. Zagorodnov, L.G. Thompson and E. Mosley-Thompson

  2. Regional phase excitation and propagation in the Lop Nor region of central Asia and implications for P/Lg discriminants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xie, J. [Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, Palisades, New York (United States)] [Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, Palisades, New York (United States); Patton, H.J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico (United States)] [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico (United States)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    {ital Pn} and {ital Lg} spectra for Lop Nor explosions and nearby earthquakes were analyzed for source and propagation effects using a modified inversion method of {ital Xie} [1993]. Spectral analyses were performed on waveform data from Incorporated Research Institution for Seismology, Chinese Digital Seismic Network, Kazakhstan, and Krgyzstan networks. {ital Pn} amplitude variations of a factor of 20 are observed across the small-aperture ({lt} 200 km) Kyrgyzstan network, and are probably related to three-dimensional Moho structure close to the network. Comparisons of {ital Pn} amplitudes and spectral ratios provide evidence for nonisotropic radiation pattern effects in the case of earthquakes and overshoot in explosion time histories. Complex source effects are born out in our inversion results: (1) logarithm of seismic moment (M{sub 0}) from {ital Pn} and {ital Lg} spectra scale linearly with body wave magnitude (m{sub b}) for explosions (5.0{le}m{sub b}{le}6.0) and for earthquakes (4.0{le}m{sub b}{le}5.5); (2) Pn; M{sub 0} estimates are similar to Lg; M{sub 0} for earthquakes but are higher than Lg; M{sub 0} for explosions; (3) corner frequency f{sub c} scale as quarter root of M{sub 0} for explosions and cube root for earthquakes; (4) at the same M{sub 0} level, Pn; f{sub c} are 4{endash}5 times higher than Lg; f{sub c} for earthquakes and explosions; and (5) {ital Pn} source spectra are characterized by significant overshoot for explosions. Our results suggest that the cause of maximum separation between earthquake and explosion populations on plots of P/Lg spectral ratios, which typically occurs for frequencies above explosion Pn f{sub c} (between 2 and 4 Hz for explosions in this study), may be related to overshoot in the reduced velocity potential. {copyright} 1999 American Geophysical Union

  3. Diet, Obesity, and Hyperglycemia in LG/J and Thomas H. Ehrich, Jane P. Kenney, Ty T. Vaughn, L. Susan Pletscher, and James M. Cheverud

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheverud, James M.

    Diet, Obesity, and Hyperglycemia in LG/J and SM/J Mice Thomas H. Ehrich, Jane P. Kenney, Ty T. VAUGHN, L. SUSAN PLETSCHER, AND JAMES M. CHEVERUD. Diet, obesity, and hyperglycemia in LG/J and SM/J mice. Obes Res. 2003;11:14001410. Objective: To examine the differential response of obesity- and diabetes

  4. Modern Physics II: PH 352-4B & PH 352L-G7 Spring Semester 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camata, Renato P.

    Modern Physics II: PH 352-4B & PH 352L-G7 Spring Semester 2009 Time and location: Mondays, Tuesdays.html Modern Physics for Scientists and Engineers Thornton & Rex, 3rd Ed., 2006 Publisher: Thomson-Brooks/Cole ISBN: 0534417817 ISBN13: 9780534417819 Textbook Errata: http://modern.physics.virginia.edu/Book/errata3

  5. Ex Parte Memo_September 25, 2013_RF TP Comments (00019688).DOC

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Kido, DOE Detlef Westphalen, Navigant Jennifer Cleary, AHAM Mark Drake, Electrolux Home Products (phone) Bill Brown, GE Appliances (phone) Maxwell Wilband, LG Electronics USA...

  6. Offshore Wind Power USA

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Offshore Wind Power USA conference provides the latest offshore wind market updates and forecasts.

  7. Electron Transfer within Self-Assembling Cyclic Tetramers Using Chlorophyll-Based Donor?Acceptor Building Blocks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gunderson, Victoria L.; Smeigh, Amanda L.; Kim, Chul Hoon; Co, Dick T.; Wasielewski, Michael R. (NWU)

    2012-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The synthesis and photoinduced charge transfer properties of a series of Chl-based donor-acceptor triad building blocks that self-assemble into cyclic tetramers are reported. Chlorophyll a was converted into zinc methyl 3-ethylpyrochlorophyllide a (Chl) and then further modified at its 20-position to covalently attach a pyromellitimide (PI) acceptor bearing a pyridine ligand and one or two naphthalene-1,8:4,5-bis(dicarboximide) (NDI) secondary electron acceptors to give Chl-PI-NDI and Chl-PI-NDI2. The pyridine ligand within each ambident triad enables intermolecular Chl metal-ligand coordination in dry toluene, which results in the formation of cyclic tetramers in solution, as determined using small- and wide-angle X-ray scattering at a synchrotron source. Femtosecond and nanosecond transient absorption spectroscopy of the monomers in toluene-1% pyridine and the cyclic tetramers in toluene shows that the selective photoexcitation of Chl results in intramolecular electron transfer from 1*Chl to PI to form Chl+{lg_bullet}-PI-{lg_bullet}-NDI and Chl+{lg_bullet}-PI-{lg_bullet}-NDI2. This initial charge separation is followed by a rapid charge shift from PI-{lg_bullet} to NDI and subsequent charge recombination of Chl+{lg_bullet}-PI-NDI-{lg_bullet} and Chl+{lg_bullet}-PI-(NDI)NDI-{lg_bullet} on a 5-30 ns time scale. Charge recombination in the Chl-PI-NDI2 cyclic tetramer ({tau}CR = 30 {+-} 1 ns in toluene) is slower by a factor of 3 relative to the monomeric building blocks ({tau}CR = 10 {+-} 1 ns in toluene-1% pyridine). This indicates that the self-assembly of these building blocks into the cyclic tetramers alters their structures in a way that lengthens their charge separation lifetimes, which is an advantageous strategy for artificial photosynthetic systems.

  8. Copyright 2007 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). This paper was published at the SPIE conference Infrared Technology and Applications XXXIII, 2007 in Orlando, USA and is made available as an electronic reprint with permission of S

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jantsch, Axel

    . The calculational model is used to evaluate possible infrared sensor and system design tradeoffs that allow at the SPIE conference Infrared Technology and Applications XXXIII, 2007 in Orlando, USA and is made available 08 58 Uncooled Infrared Bolometer Arrays Operating in a Low to Medium Vacuum Atmosphere: Performance

  9. L:LCB:lg

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradleyTableSelling CorpNewCF INDUSTRIES,L? .-I I2 m.m 2L

  10. Development of a High-Brightness VHF Electron Source at LBNL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lidia, Steven M.; Sannibale, Fernando; Staples, John W.; Virostek, Steve P.; Wells, Russell P.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    VHF ELECTRON SOURCE AT LBNL* S. Lidia # , F. Sannibale, J.S. Virostek, R. Wells, LBNL, Berkeley, CA, USA Abstract

  11. University of Tennessee, USA Pacific Northwest National Laboratory,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    energy conversion for sustainably powering of portable electronics. Nano Lett, 2012, 12: 63396346 10 Zhu Georgia Institute of Technology and Emory University, USA Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden-nanowire hybrid structure for energy scavenging. Nature, 2008, 451: 809813 4 Xu S, Qin Y, Xu C, Wei YG, Yang RS

  12. Wireless Electricity Metering of Miscellaneous and Electronic Devices in Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Culler, David E.

    Wireless Electricity Metering of Miscellaneous and Electronic Devices in Buildings, University of California, Berkeley, USA Abstract- Miscellaneous and electronic devices hundreds of miscellaneous and electronic devices where metered for several months

  13. Worldwide Energy and Manufacturing USA Inc formerly Worldwide...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    USA Inc formerly Worldwide Manufacturing USA Jump to: navigation, search Name: Worldwide Energy and Manufacturing USA Inc (formerly Worldwide Manufacturing USA) Place: San Bruno,...

  14. Building Commissioning in the USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Castro, N.; Friedman, H.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Building Commissioning in the USA Natascha Castro, Annex 47- US Team Leader National Institute of Standards and Technology Hannah Friedman, Cost-Benefit Subtask Leader Portland Energy Conservation, Inc. Asian Pacific Conference on Building...

  15. Master Document located at: W:\\fas\\fas-Quality Management System\\Quality Management System\\01 Quality System\\02 WORK INSTRUCTIONS\\3700-3899 Facilities Coordination\\3735 LG Plasma Televisions.doc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Master Document located at: W:\\fas\\fas-Quality Management System\\Quality Management System\\01 for this process to complete. #12;Master Document located at: W:\\fas\\fas-Quality Management System\\Quality Management System\\01 Quality System\\02 WORK INSTRUCTIONS\\3700-3899 Facilities Coordination\\3735 LG Plasma

  16. LAPD Madison, Wisconsin USA

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh SchoolIn12electron 9 5 - -/e),,s - 6157Bioenergy »7 LANSCE6 th LAPD

  17. USA Manufacturing: Order (2013-CE-5336)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered USA Manufacturing to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding USA Manufacturing had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  18. Hisense USA: Order (2010-CE-1211)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE issued an Order after entering into a Compromise Agreement with Hisense USA Corp. after finding Hisense USA had failed to certify that certain models of residential refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  19. Euro Chef USA: Order (2014-CE-23004)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Euro Chef USA Inc. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Euro Chef USA had failed to certify that certain models of cooking products comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  20. About Total Lubricants USA, Inc. Headquartered in Linden, New Jersey, Total Lubricants USA provides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, Kathleen

    New Jersey, Total Lubricants USA provides advanced quality industrial lubrication productsAbout Total Lubricants USA, Inc. Headquartered in Linden, New Jersey, Total Lubricants USA provides. A subsidiary of Total, S.A., the world's fourth largest oil company, Total Lubricants USA still fosters its

  1. Building Commissioning in the USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Castro, N.; Friedman, H.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Building Commissioning in the USA Natascha Castro, Annex 47- US Team Leader National Institute of Standards and Technology Hannah Friedman, Cost-Benefit Subtask Leader Portland Energy Conservation, Inc. Asian Pacific Conference on Building... Program (PIER)? Utility programs and non-profit organizations ? Energy Efficiency Mandates ? California, New York, Vermont, Minnesota, City of Portland Oregon ? Building Energy Codes include Cx ? California, State of Washington, Massachusetts US Team...

  2. LG Siltron | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to: navigation,working-groups < LEDSGP‎LEE Jump to: navigation,LFGLG Siltron

  3. LG Display | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou NewKorea Parts andKunshanGroupEmissionsLEXELLGLG

  4. Vestas USA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown of Ladoga,planningFlowmeter Logging Jump to: navigation,Vestas USA Place:

  5. Mitsubishi Electric and Electronics USA Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant JumpMarysville,Missoula, Montana: Energy ResourcesMitchellElectric Corp Place:

  6. 1Mohammed Atiquzzaman, University of Oklahoma, USA.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atiquzzaman, Mohammed

    1Mohammed Atiquzzaman, University of Oklahoma, USA. Presentation at Tohoku University, Japan Aug 6 of Computer Science University of Oklahoma. Email: atiq@ieee.org Web: www.cs.ou.edu/~atiq Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan. Aug 6, 2002. #12;2Mohammed Atiquzzaman, University of Oklahoma, USA. Presentation

  7. 1Mohammed Atiquzzaman, University of Oklahoma, USA.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atiquzzaman, Mohammed

    1Mohammed Atiquzzaman, University of Oklahoma, USA. Presentation at Tohoku University, Japan Aug 6 of Computer Science University of Oklahoma. Email: atiq@ieee.org Web: www.cs.ou.edu/~atiq Presentation at Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan. Aug 6, 2002. #12;2Mohammed Atiquzzaman, University of Oklahoma, USA

  8. Observation of energetic electrons within magnetic islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    that energetic electron fluxes peak at sites of compressed density within islands, which imposes a new constraintLETTERS Observation of energetic electrons within magnetic islands L.-J. CHEN1 *, A. BHATTACHARJEE1, University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire 03824, USA 2 National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2

  9. Upcoming H2USA Workshop: Hydrogen Fueling Station Component Listings...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    H2USA Workshop: Hydrogen Fueling Station Component Listings Upcoming H2USA Workshop: Hydrogen Fueling Station Component Listings April 21, 2015 - 1:04pm Addthis H2USA will host an...

  10. Mirror contamination and secondary electron effects during EUV reflectivity analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harilal, S. S.

    Mirror contamination and secondary electron effects during EUV reflectivity analysis M. Catalfanoa, USA; b SEMATECH Inc., Albany, NY 12203, USA ABSTRACT We investigated Ru mirror contamination film at different angles. During the contamination process, the EUV reflectivity of the Ru film

  11. area nevada usa: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Position Description Internship Program Goal: Bell Nursery USA, LLC - is a wholesale grower of quality bedding plants, pot. Intern Project: 12;Bell Nursery USA, LLC The...

  12. USA Science and Engineering Festival: Inspiring and Educating...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    USA Science and Engineering Festival: Inspiring and Educating the Clean Energy Workforce of Tomorrow USA Science and Engineering Festival: Inspiring and Educating the Clean Energy...

  13. MOU signed between CIAE and Jefferson National Lab, USA. (China...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    https:www.jlab.orgnewsarticlesmou-signed-between-ciae-and-jefferson-national-lab-usa-china-nuclear-industry-news-ge... MOU signed between CIAE and Jefferson National Lab, USA....

  14. alexandria virginia usa: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Now at University of Wisconsin, USA. Permanent address: Northeastern University, Department of Physics, Boston, 02115 MA, USA. Now at NIKHEF P.O.B. 41882 Dutz, Hartmut 8...

  15. The revolution in SiGe: impact on device electronics D.L. Haramea,*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rieh, Jae-Sung

    The revolution in SiGe: impact on device electronics D.L. Haramea,* , S.J. Koesterb , G. Freemanc, Hopewell Junction, NY, USA d Georgia Technical University, Atlanta, GA, USA Abstract SiGe is having a major impact in device electronics. The most mature application is the SiGe BiCMOS technology which

  16. Theoretical computation of the polarization characteristics of an X-ray Free-Electron Laser with planar undulator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geloni, Gianluca; Saldin, Evgeni

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that radiation pulses from an X-ray Free-Electron Laser (XFEL) with a planar undulator, which are mainly polarized in the horizontal direction, exhibit a suppression of the vertical polarization component of the power at least by a factor $\\lambda_w^2/(4 \\pi L_g)^2$, where $\\lambda_w$ is the length of the undulator period and $L_g$ is the FEL field gain length. We illustrate this fact by examining the XFEL operation under the steady state assumption. In our calculations we considered only resonance terms: in fact, non resonance terms are suppressed by a factor $\\lambda_w^3/(4 \\pi L_g)^3$ and can be neglected. While finding a situation for making quantitative comparison between analytical and experimental results may not be straightforward, the qualitative aspects of the suppression of the vertical polarization rate at XFELs should be easy to observe. We remark that our exact results can potentially be useful to developers of new generation FEL codes for cross-checking their results.

  17. Group transfer and electron transfer reactions of organometallic complexes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Atwood, J.D.

    1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During 1994, despite the disruptions, the authors have made progress in several aspects of their research on electron transfer reactions between organometallic complexes. This summary covers three areas that are relatively complete: (1) reactions between metal carbonyl anions and metal carbonyl halides, (2) reactions of hydrido- and alkyl-containing anions (RFe(CO){sup {minus}}{sub 4} and RW (CO){sub 5}{sup {minus}}) with metal carbonyl cations and (3) reactions of a seventeen-electron complex (Cp{asterisk}Cr(CO){sub 3}{lg_bullet}) with metal carbonyl derivatives. Two areas of examination that have just begun (possible carbene transfer and the possible role of metal carbonyl anions in carbon-hydrogen bond activation) will also be described.

  18. USA oilgas production cost : recent changes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adelman, Morris Albert

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During 1984-1989, oil development investment cost in the USA fell, but only because of lower activity. The whole cost curve shifted unfavorably (leftward). In contrast, natural gas cost substantially decreased, the curve ...

  19. USA Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5336)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that USA Manufacturing failed to certify walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the energy conservation standards.

  20. Hisense USA: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1211)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Hisense USA Corp. failed to certify a variety of residential refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  1. Bell Nursery USA, LLC Internship Position Description

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bell Nursery USA, LLC Internship Position Description Internship Program Goal as a grower. Grower/Internship position : It is our goal at Bell to provide a rewarding and educational experience to the student/intern. The internship position

  2. H2USA | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking of Blythe Solar Power Project Groundof|than Ever | DepartmentofH2USA H2USA

  3. arXiv:1106.5208v3[cond-mat.mes-hall]25Apr2012 Thermoelectric transport with electron-phonon coupling and electron-electron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Baowen

    arXiv:1106.5208v3[cond-mat.mes-hall]25Apr2012 Thermoelectric transport with electron, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA 4 Department of Physics, Zhejiang's functions, we investigate the thermoelectric transport in a single molecular junction with electron

  4. Electron radiography

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Merrill, Frank E.; Morris, Christopher

    2005-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

    A system capable of performing radiography using a beam of electrons. Diffuser means receive a beam of electrons and diffuse the electrons before they enter first matching quadrupoles where the diffused electrons are focused prior to the diffused electrons entering an object. First imaging quadrupoles receive the focused diffused electrons after the focused diffused electrons have been scattered by the object for focusing the scattered electrons. Collimator means receive the scattered electrons and remove scattered electrons that have scattered to large angles. Second imaging quadrupoles receive the collimated scattered electrons and refocus the collimated scattered electrons and map the focused collimated scattered electrons to transverse locations on an image plane representative of the electrons' positions in the object.

  5. IEEE Energy2030 Atlanta, Georgia, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ratnasamy, Sylvia

    an innovative electric power architecture, rooted in lessons learned from the Internet and microgrids, whichIEEE Energy2030 Atlanta, Georgia, USA 17-18 November 2008 An Architecture for Local Energy-disruptive incremental adoption. Such a system, which we term a "LoCal" grid, is controlled by intelligent power switches

  6. Black Shales Adina Paytan, Stanford University, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paytan, Adina

    Tales of Black Shales Adina Paytan, Stanford University, USA Several times during the middle of the Cretaceous period, between 125 and 80 million years ago, organic-carbon-rich black shales were deposited over large areas of the ocean floor. These black shales provide valuable information about past climates

  7. Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Mostly about USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion History Mostly about USA 1980's to 1990's and bias towards Vega Structures (Plantships) · Bottom-Mounted Structures · Model Basin Tests/ At-Sea Tests · 210 kW OC-OTEC) #12;#12;Claude's Off Rio de Janeiro (1933) · Floating Ice Plant: 2.2 MW OC- OTEC to produce 2000

  8. Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Mostly about USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion History Mostly about USA 1980's to 1990's and bias towards Vega · Floating Structures (Plantships) · Bottom-Mounted Structures · Model Basin Tests/ At-Sea Tests · 210 kW OC-OTEC: Georges Claude (Open Cycle OTEC) · 1928 Ougree Experiment, France: Factory Water Outflow (33 °C) & Meuse

  9. alto ca usa: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109, USA; amainzer@jpl.nasa.gov 2 Infrared Processing, Tucson, AZ 85719, USA 4 Department of Physics and Astronomy, UCLA, P.O. Box 91547, Los...

  10. austin tx usa: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    78712, USA b Bureau of Economic Geology, Jackson School of Geology, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78713, USA c Department of Mathematics Minkoff, Susan E. 50...

  11. Smeg USA: Order (2011-CE-14/1909)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Smeg USA, Inc. to pay a $6,000 civil penalty after finding Smeg USA had failed to certify that certain models of dishwashers and refrigerators comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  12. DuraLamp USA: Order (2010-CE-0912)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered DuraLamp USA, Inc. to pay a $2,500 civil penalty after finding DuraLamp USA had failed to certify that model PAR 30, an incandescent reflector lamp, complies with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  13. Low energy electron bombardment induced surface contamination of Ru mirrors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harilal, S. S.

    Low energy electron bombardment induced surface contamination of Ru mirrors A. Al-Ajlonya , A., Albany, NY 12203, USA ABSTRACT The impact of secondary electrons induced contamination of the Ru surface, carbon contamination, Ruthenium capping 1. INTRODUCTION Extreme ultraviolet (EUV) radiation induced

  14. EXPERIMENTAL AND NUMERICAL STUDY OF TRANSIENT ELECTRONIC CHIP COOLING BY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    component to ensure reliable and stable performance and prevent any failure or malfunction [2, 3]. The heatEXPERIMENTAL AND NUMERICAL STUDY OF TRANSIENT ELECTRONIC CHIP COOLING BY LIQUID FLOW State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA Cooling of electronic chips has become a critical aspect

  15. Electron Transfer DOI: 10.1002/anie.200603822

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borguet, Eric

    to areas such as molecular electronics, electro- chemistry, biology, catalysis, information storage, and solar- energy conversion.[14] Therefore, understanding interfacial electron transfer between molecules electrode. [*] Y. He, Prof. E. Borguet Department of Chemistry Temple University Philadelphia, PA 19122 (USA

  16. version:13may14a The USA & the Global Oil System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    ....................................................................................... 4 1.5 Fracking: USA oil & gas revolution

  17. PROGRESS WITH FEL-BASED COHERENT ELECTRON COOLING * Vladimir N. Litvinenko#

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PROGRESS WITH FEL-BASED COHERENT ELECTRON COOLING * Vladimir N. Litvinenko# , Ilan Ben Zvi, Michael, TJNAF, Newport News, VA, USA Sven Reiche, UCLA, Los Angelis, CA, USA Abstract Cooling intense high, while efficiency of two other cooling methods falls rapidly either at high bunch intensities (i

  18. LBNL-48383, CBP Note-399 ELECTRON-CLOUD MEASUREMENTS AND SIMULATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Furman, Miguel

    LBNL-48383, CBP Note-399 ELECTRON-CLOUD MEASUREMENTS AND SIMULATIONS FOR THE APS M. A. Furman and M. Pivi, LBNL, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA K. C. Harkay and R. A. Rosenberg, ANL, Argonne, IL 60439, USA at the APS and results from the LBNL simulation code [6, 7]. Specifically, we consider the intensity

  19. Electron transport and precipitation at Mercury during the MESSENGER flybys: Implications for electron-stimulated desorption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80303, USA h Solar System Exploration Division, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center-stimulated desorption MESSENGER a b s t r a c t To examine electron transport, energization, and precipitation analysis for two solar-wind parameter conditions corresponding to the first two MESSENGER Mercury flybys

  20. ENERGY MODULATION OF THE ELECTRONS BY THE LASER FIELD IN THE WIGGLER MAGNET: ANALYSIS AND EXPERIMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zholents, A.A.; Holldack, K.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Beams, 7, (2004)011302. [7] BESSY-II, http://www.bessy.de/ [CA 94720, U.S.A. K. Holldack, BESSY, 12489 Berlin, Germanywere performed at the BESSY-II electron storage ring. K = eB

  1. Absolute Energy USA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTriWildcat 1AMEE Jump to: navigation, search40Georgia:SL JumpAREGAbout(USA)

  2. Norvento USA LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcerns Jumpsource History ViewTexas: EnergyWind PowerUSA LLC Jump

  3. CleanFUEL USA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovationin UrbanCity ofCityClean Economy Network JumpCleanCleanFUEL USA

  4. Energy Pro USA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOEHazel Crest,EnergySerranopolis Jump to:EconCompaniesMainEnergy Pro USA Place:

  5. AREA USA LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCaliforniaWeifangwiki Home Jweers'sAIRMaster+APFED-GoodAPIsAREA USA

  6. Panagiota Daskalopoulos - Columbia University, U.S.A. Worn ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Panagiota Daskalopoulos - Columbia University, U.S.A.. Worn Stones with Flat Sides - All Time Regularity of the Interface. We study the all time regularity of the

  7. Euro Chef USA: Proposed Penalty (2014-CE-23004)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Euro Chef USA Inc. failed to certify cooking products as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  8. anaerobic digestion usa: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mathematical Journal Volume 21(2011), Number 1, 27 Institute for Cyber Security San Antonio, Texas 78249, USA shylmath@hotmail.com Communicated by the Editors 70 FUTURE...

  9. air station usa: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in the USA Biology and Medicine Websites Summary: Parasitoids Air pollutants Heavy metals Metalloids INTRODUCTION Insect parasitoids (insects living parasitoids in...

  10. augusta maine usa: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    wetland in Augusta, Georgia, U.S.A. Geosciences Websites Summary: constructed treatment wetland in Augusta, Georgia were used to quantify the size, distribution,...

  11. arbor michigan usa: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    linguistic Lewis, Richard 2 Proceedings of the Seventh International Symposium on Cavitation (CAV2009) August 16-20, 2009, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA Engineering Websites Summary:...

  12. L.G. Christophorou | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes |Is Your Home as ReadyAppointedKyungmin Ham, Ph.D. Title: AssistantL.

  13. SUBJECT: MEMORANDUM DAu&!Lg)_)~Q-----__

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradleyTableSelling7 AugustAFRICAN3u ;;;:: A' 3 ct')skJriited

  14. LG Chem Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou NewKorea Parts andKunshanGroupEmissionsLEXEL

  15. LgCOOleS, Se*&,,

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradleyTableSelling CorpNewCF INDUSTRIES,L? .-I I2 m.m\ LILTS PlanI9

  16. Childhood Agricultural Injury Prevention in the U.S.A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;Childhood Agricultural Injury Prevention in the U.S.A. Presentation for the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences Barbara Lee, PhD National Farm Medicine Center National Children's Center for Rural and Agricultural Health and Safety Marshfield, WI USA October 2011 #12;#12;#12;Outline Background Child Ag

  17. THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 504:9961001, 1998 September 10 1998. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in U.S.A.(

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahcall, John

    . All rights reserved. Printed in U.S.A.( SCREENING IN THERMONUCLEAR REACTION RATES IN THE SUN ANDREI V by ions and electrons on low-Z thermonuclear reac- tions in the Sun. We use a mean Ðeld formalism devoted to calculating more accurately the eects on the rates of solar fusion reactions of electrostatic

  18. The Astrophysical Journal, 663: L109L112, 2007 July 10 2007. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in U.S.A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    1 AU by the WIND 3D Plasma and Energetic Particle (3DP) instrument. For prompt events, where Society. All rights reserved. Printed in U.S.A. SOLAR FLARE ELECTRON SPECTRA AT THE SUN AND NEAR THE EARTH source population escapes to 1 AU and the rest produce the HXRs while losing all their energy

  19. Future Electron-Hadron Colliders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Litvinenko, V.

    2010-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Outstanding research potential of electron-hadron colliders (EHC) was clearly demonstrated by first - and the only - electron-proton collider HERA (DESY, Germany). Physics data from HERA revealed new previously unknown facets of Quantum Chromo-Dynamics (QCD). EHC is an ultimate microscope probing QCD in its natural environment, i.e. inside the hadrons. In contrast with hadrons, electrons are elementary particles with known initial state. Hence, scattering electrons from hadrons provides a clearest pass to their secrets. It turns EHC into an ultimate machine for high precision QCD studies and opens access to rich physics with a great discovery potential: solving proton spin puzzle, observing gluon saturation or physics beyond standard model. Access to this physics requires high-energy high-luminosity EHCs and a wide reach in the center-of-mass (CM) energies. This paper gives a brief overview of four proposed electron-hadron colliders: ENC at GSI (Darmstadt, Germany), ELIC/MEIC at TJNAF (Newport News, VA, USA), eRHIC at BNL (Upton, NY, USA) and LHeC at CERN (Geneva, Switzerland). Future electron-hadron colliders promise to deliver very rich physics not only in the quantity but also in the precision. They are aiming at very high luminosity two-to-four orders of magnitude beyond the luminosity demonstrated by the very successful HERA. While ENC and LHeC are on opposite side of the energy spectrum, eRHIC and ELIC are competing for becoming an electron-ion collider (EIC) in the U.S. Administrations of BNL and Jlab, in concert with US DoE office of Nuclear Physics, work on the strategy for down-selecting between eRHIC and ELIC. The ENC, EIC and LHeC QCD physics programs to a large degree are complimentary to each other and to the LHC physics. In last decade, an Electron Ion Collider (EIC) collaboration held about 25 collaboration meetings to develop physics program for EIC with CM energy {approx}100 GeV. One of these meetings was held at GSI, where ENC topic was in the center of discussions. First dedicated LHeC workshop was held in 2008, with a number of dedicated workshops following it. Intense accelerator R&D program is needed to address the challenges posed by the EIC.

  20. Role of electron-electron interference in ultrafast time-resolved imaging of electronic wavepackets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dixit, Gopal [Center for Free-Electron Laser Science, DESY, Notkestrasse 85, D-22607 Hamburg (Germany); Santra, Robin [Center for Free-Electron Laser Science, DESY, Notkestrasse 85, D-22607 Hamburg (Germany); Department of Physics, University of Hamburg, D-20355 Hamburg (Germany)

    2013-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Ultrafast time-resolved x-ray scattering is an emerging approach to image the dynamical evolution of the electronic charge distribution during complex chemical and biological processes in real-space and real-time. Recently, the differences between semiclassical and quantum-electrodynamical (QED) theory of light-matter interaction for scattering of ultrashort x-ray pulses from the electronic wavepacket were formally demonstrated and visually illustrated by scattering patterns calculated for an electronic wavepacket in atomic hydrogen [G. Dixit, O. Vendrell, and R. Santra, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109, 11636 (2012)]. In this work, we present a detailed analysis of time-resolved x-ray scattering from a sample containing a mixture of non-stationary and stationary electrons within both the theories. In a many-electron system, the role of scattering interference between a non-stationary and several stationary electrons to the total scattering signal is investigated. In general, QED and semiclassical theory provide different results for the contribution from the scattering interference, which depends on the energy resolution of the detector and the x-ray pulse duration. The present findings are demonstrated by means of a numerical example of x-ray time-resolved imaging for an electronic wavepacket in helium. It is shown that the time-dependent scattering interference vanishes within semiclassical theory and the corresponding patterns are dominated by the scattering contribution from the time-independent interference, whereas the time-dependent scattering interference contribution do not vanish in the QED theory and the patterns are dominated by the scattering contribution from the non-stationary electron scattering.

  1. Hot-Electron Thermocouple and the Diffusion Thermopower of Two-Dimensional Electrons in GaAs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eisenstein, Jim

    of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA 2 Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185.1103/PhysRevLett.103.046807 PACS numbers: 73.50.Lw, 72.20.Pa, 73.63.Hs The thermoelectric properties of low. The resulting phonon wind exerts a drag force on the electron gas which leads to a thermoelectric voltage

  2. Dynamic Nuclear Polarization with Single Electron Spins J. R. Petta,1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petta, Jason

    Dynamic Nuclear Polarization with Single Electron Spins J. R. Petta,1,2 J. M. Taylor,1,3 A. C Barbara, California 93106, USA (Received 6 September 2007; published 11 February 2008) We polarize nuclear'' an electron spin and ``flopping'' a nuclear spin. The resulting Overhauser field approaches 80 m

  3. Electron density inside Enceladus plume inferred from plasma oscillations excited by dust impacts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gurnett, Donald A.

    1 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA, 2 LASP, University and electron spectrometers [Jones et al., 2009; Hill et al., 2012]. The nanoparticles appear as high-energy a sweeping voltage, and the ion and electron density can be inferred from the current balance. It is found

  4. USING UML IN A NON-SOFTWARE DESIGN TASK: CREATING AN ELECTRONIC SOFTWARE ENGINEERING HANDBOOK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dascalu, Sergiu

    USING UML IN A NON-SOFTWARE DESIGN TASK: CREATING AN ELECTRONIC SOFTWARE ENGINEERING HANDBOOK to future developments are also presented in the paper. Keywords: software engineering, electronic handbook & Engineering University of Nevada, Reno, USA {dascalus, muhanna, sreed}@cse.unr.edu 2 Department of Computer

  5. RECENT PROGRESS AT LBNL ON CHARACTERIZATION OF LASER WAKEFIELD ACCELERATED ELECTRON BUNCHES USING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

    RECENT PROGRESS AT LBNL ON CHARACTERIZATION OF LASER WAKEFIELD ACCELERATED ELECTRON BUNCHES USING. Schroeder, J. van Tilborg, Cs. T´oth Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Berkeley, CA 94720, USA Abstract At LBNL, laser wakefield accelerators (LWFA) can now produce ultra-short electron bunches

  6. 2005 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference Denver, Colorado, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    zer, Mutlu

    1 DRAFT 2005 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference Denver, Colorado, USA July 17-21, 2005 subjected to lateral earthquake loads. The results are verified with different codes (e.g. Eurocode8, API

  7. Chevron U.S.A. Inc.- 14-119-LNG

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Office of Fossil Energy gives notice of receipt of an Application filed August 27, 2014 by Chevron U.S.A. Inc. (Chevron), requesting blanket authorization to export liquefied natural gas (LNG)...

  8. DuraLamp USA: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-0912)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that DuraLamp USA, Inc. failed to certify a variety of general service fluorescent lamps as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  9. Smeg USA: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-14/1909)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Smeg USA, Inc. failed to certify a variety of dishwashers and refrigerators as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  10. De'Longhi USA: Order (2010-CE-2114)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE issued an Order after entering into a Compromise Agreement with De'Longhi USA, Inc. to resolve a case involving the failure to certify that a variety of dehumidifiers comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  11. De'Longhi USA: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-2114)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that De'Longhi USA, Inc. failed to certify a variety of dehumidifiers as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  12. atlanta georgia usa: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    values SECURING AMERICA'S FUTURE 12;0 1Georgia Tech Research Institute Annual Report Bennett, Gisele 9 School of Biology Atlanta, Georgia 30332-0230 USA Biology and Medicine...

  13. Designing Sustainability at BMW Group: The Designworks/USA Experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McElhaney, Kellie A; Toffel, Michael W.; Hill, Natalie

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SUSTAINABILITY MANAGEMENT: FROM BMW GROUP TO DESIGNWORKS/USAGuido Prick and Chris Bangle of BMW Group. In addition, weDesigning Sustainability at BMW Group: The Designworks/USA

  14. Fish mercury distribution in Massachusetts, USA lakes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rose, J.; Hutcheson, M.S.; West, C.R.; Pancorbo, O.; Hulme, K.; Cooperman, A.; DeCesare, G.; Isaac, R.; Screpetis, A.

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The sediment, water, and three species of fish from 24 of Massachusetts' (relatively) least-impacted water bodies were sampled to determine the patterns of variation in edible tissue mercury concentrations and the relationships of these patterns to characteristics of the water, sediment, and water bodies (lake, wetland, and watershed areas). Sampling was apportioned among three different ecological subregions and among lakes of differing trophic status. The authors sought to partition the variance to discover if these broadly defined concepts are suitable predictors of mercury levels in fish. Average muscle mercury concentrations were 0.15 mg/kg wet weight in the bottom-feeding brown bullheads (Ameriurus nebulosus); 0.31 mg/kg in the omnivorous yellow perch (Perca flavescens); and 0.39 mg/kg in the predaceous largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides). Statistically significant differences in fish mercury concentrations between ecological subregions in Massachusetts, USA, existed only in yellow perch. The productivity level of the lakes (as deduced from Carlson's Trophic Status Index) was not a strong predictor of tissue mercury concentrations in any species. pH was a highly (inversely) correlated environmental variable with yellow perch and brown bullhead tissue mercury. Largemouth bass tissue mercury concentrations were most highly correlated with the weight of the fish (+), lake size (+), and source area sizes (+). Properties of individual lakes appear more important for determining fish tissue mercury concentrations than do small-scale ecoregional differences. Species that show major mercury variation with size or trophic level may not be good choices for use in evaluating the importance of environmental variables.

  15. ARPES studies of the electronic structure of LaOFe(P,As) D.H. Lu a,*, M. Yi b,c

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, Ian

    Laboratory, 2575 Sand Hill Road, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA b Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Sciences, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, 2575 Sand Hill Road, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA c Geballe Keywords: Electronic structure Fermi surface Photoemission Iron pnictides a b s t r a c t We report

  16. Electron tube

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Suyama, Motohiro (Hamamatsu, JP); Fukasawa, Atsuhito (Hamamatsu, JP); Arisaka, Katsushi (Los Angeles, CA); Wang, Hanguo (North Hills, CA)

    2011-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

    An electron tube of the present invention includes: a vacuum vessel including a face plate portion made of synthetic silica and having a surface on which a photoelectric surface is provided, a stem portion arranged facing the photoelectric surface and made of synthetic silica, and a side tube portion having one end connected to the face plate portion and the other end connected to the stem portion and made of synthetic silica; a projection portion arranged in the vacuum vessel, extending from the stem portion toward the photoelectric surface, and made of synthetic silica; and an electron detector arranged on the projection portion, for detecting electrons from the photoelectric surface, and made of silicon.

  17. JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C6, supplment au n 8, Tome 39, aot 1978, page C6-846 ANDERSON ORTHOGONALITY DUE TO LOCAL ELECTRON CORRELATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    and Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801 USA-E~)'+A~ A =rpv2, p is the density of s-electron states at the Fermi energy E ~ ,from which all energies

  18. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 407 (1998) 34--39 Ginzburg--Landau model for a free-electron laser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ng, Chung-Sang

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for a free-electron laser: from single mode to spikes C.S. Ng*, A. Bhattacharjee Department of Physics rights reserved. The possibility that a free-electron laser (FEL) can produce a powerful and coherent and Astronomy, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA Abstract Single-mode operation of a free-electron

  19. LBNL-57600/CBP Note-698 Initial Self-Consistent 3D Electron-Cloud Simulations of the LHC Beam with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Furman, Miguel

    LBNL-57600/CBP Note-698 Initial Self-Consistent 3D Electron-Cloud Simulations of the LHC Beam with the Code WARP+POSINST J.-L. Vay , M. A. Furman, LBNL, CA, USA R. H. Cohen, A. Friedman, D. P. Grote, LLNL of electrons, especially across lattice elements, Work supported by the U.S. DOE under LLNL and LBNL contracts

  20. THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 504 : 9961001, 1998 September 10 1998. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in U.S.A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahcall, John

    Society. All rights reserved. Printed in U.S.A. ( SCREENING IN THERMONUCLEAR REACTION RATES IN THE SUN+ect of electrostatic screening by ions and electrons on low­Z thermonuclear reac­ tions in the Sun. We use a mean Ðeld devoted to calculating more accurately the e+ects on the rates of solar fusion reactions of electrostatic

  1. ELECTRONIC WARFARE NOVEMBER 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    FM 3-36 ELECTRONIC WARFARE NOVEMBER 2012 DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release Electronic Warfare Contents Page PREFACE..............................................................................................................iv Chapter 1 ELECTRONIC WARFARE OVERVIEW ............................................................ 1

  2. The Astrophysical Journal, 728:133 (15pp), 2011 February 20 doi:10.1088/0004-637X/728/2/133 C 2011. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in the U.S.A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reames, Donald V.

    . Consequently, within the Wind/3D Plasma and Energetic Particle Instrument/ Silicon Semiconductor Telescope. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in the U.S.A. WHAT CAUSES SCATTER. The emphasis of our examination is on the energy dependence of electron angular distributions

  3. The Astrophysical Journal, 765:44 (12pp), 2013 March 1 doi:10.1088/0004-637X/765/1/44 C 2013. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in the U.S.A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howard, Tim

    Street Suite 300, Boulder, CO 80302, USA; deforest@boulder.swri.edu 2 National Solar Observatory, Sunspot The solar corona and heliosphere are visible via sunlight that is Thomson-scattered off free electrons linear polarization of this scattered light parallel and perpendicular to the plane of scatter

  4. ORIGINAL PAPER Geochemical Evolution of Great Salt Lake, Utah, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , USA, is the largest saline lake in North America, and its brines are some of the most concentrated and mirabilite, have periodically modified lake-brine chemistry through density stratifi- cation in the north. These and other conditions have created brine differentiation, mixing, and fractional

  5. POLYGENETIC TOPOGRAPHY OF THE CASCADE RANGE, WASHINGTON STATE, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -relief topography, 2) post-Miocene surface uplift of the range superimposed on pre-existing high-relief topographyPOLYGENETIC TOPOGRAPHY OF THE CASCADE RANGE, WASHINGTON STATE, USA SARA GRAN MITCHELL Range of Washington State by analyzing the topography, geology, and exhumation patterns across the range

  6. Hydrology and Geostatistics of a Vermont, USA Kettlehole Peatland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermont, University of

    Hydrology and Geostatistics of a Vermont, USA Kettlehole Peatland Paula J. Mousera,*, W. Cully to hydrologic changes is imperative for successful conservation and remediation efforts. We studied a 1.25-ha Vermont kettlehole bog for one year (September 2001­October 2002) to identify hydrologic controls

  7. Npad ze zabijacky zskal UK lkask patent v USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    Npad ze zabijacky zskal UK lkask patent v USA Compiled 24.6.2014 16:28:18 by Document Globe 1 Americk patent na tepeln vmnk pro rovnomrn chlazen a ohvn krve pi mimotlnm obhu zskal tm patent funguje? U soucasnch pstroj pro nhradu funkce ledvin se zamezuje srzen krve v kapilrch

  8. GREEN ENERGY AND ELECTRIC VEHICLES. BMW GROUP TECHNOLOGYOFFICE USA.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    can still guarantee where my power's coming from." "The perfect model is buy an electric car, putGREEN ENERGY AND ELECTRIC VEHICLES. BMW GROUP TECHNOLOGYOFFICE USA. LT-Z-Z, OCTOBER 2012 #12;GREEN E, LT-Z-Z,OCT 2012 Page 2 BACKGROUND. Markets for green energy and electric vehicles can accelerate

  9. September 6th , 2008, Kimmel Center, New York, USA.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    MFCA'08 September 6th , 2008, Kimmel Center, New York, USA. http://www.inria.fr/sophia/asclepios/events/MFCA Anatomy (MFCA) workshop is to foster the interactions between the mathematical community around shapes the very successful first edition of this workshop in 2006 (see http://www.inria.fr/sophia/asclepios/events/MFCA

  10. Press release For Immediate Release Seattle, USA. June 6, 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and the high prices for wood pellets in Europe. The rapid expansion in global trade of biomass is likelyPress release For Immediate Release Seattle, USA. June 6, 2008 Global trade of woody biomass has almost doubled in five years With the increasing demand for woody biomass, global trade of particularly

  11. Bear Head LNG Corporation and Bear Head LNG (USA), LLC - FE Dkt...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Bear Head LNG Corporation and Bear Head LNG (USA), LLC - FE Dkt. No. - 15-33-LNG Bear Head LNG Corporation and Bear Head LNG (USA), LLC - FE Dkt. No. - 15-33-LNG The Office of...

  12. SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR GASFIN DEVELOPMENT USA, LLC - FE DKT...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    GASFIN DEVELOPMENT USA, LLC - FE DKT. NO. 13-06-LNG - ORDER 3253 SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR GASFIN DEVELOPMENT USA, LLC - FE DKT. NO. 13-06-LNG - ORDER 3253 April 2013 October 2013...

  13. SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR PIERIDAE ENERGY (USA), LTD - DKT. NO...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    PIERIDAE ENERGY (USA), LTD - DKT. NO. 14-179-LNG - ORDER 3639 SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS FOR PIERIDAE ENERGY (USA), LTD - DKT. NO. 14-179-LNG - ORDER 3639 No Reports Received More...

  14. Eni USA Gas Marketing LLC- FE Dkt. No.- 15-13-LNG

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Office of Fossil Energy gives notice of receipt of an Application filed January 21, 2015 by Eni USA Gas Marketing LLC (ENI USA Gas Marketing), requesting blanket authorization to export...

  15. Alternative community states maintained by fire in the Klamath Mountains, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moritz, Max A.

    and Policy, 84 Fourth Street, Ashland, OR 97520, USA Summary 1. The earliest examples of alternative of Biology, Southern Oregon Univer- sity, Ashland, OR, USA. Journal of Ecology 2010, 98, 96­105 doi: 10

  16. FUJIFILM Hunt Chemicals U.S.A. Achieves Compressed Air System...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    FUJIFILM Hunt Chemicals U.S.A. Achieves Compressed Air System Energy-Reduction Goals with a Three-Phased Strategy FUJIFILM Hunt Chemicals U.S.A. Achieves Compressed Air System...

  17. U.S. Department of Energy Awards a Contract to USA Repository...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    a Contract to USA Repository Services for Management and Operating Contractor Support for the Yucca Mountain Project U.S. Department of Energy Awards a Contract to USA Repository...

  18. Advanced Li-Ion Polymer Battery Cell Manufacturing Plant in USA...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Li-Ion Polymer Battery Cell Manufacturing Plant in USA Advanced Li-Ion Polymer Battery Cell Manufacturing Plant in USA 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle...

  19. Girl Scouts USA CEO visits ORNL to discuss STEM programs | ornl...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    -4165 Girl Scouts USA CEO visits ORNL to discuss STEM programs Anna Maria Chavez, middle, CEO of the Girl Scouts USA, visits the Center for Computational Sciences Jan. 30 with two...

  20. Where does all the data come from? Geoffrey Fox (Indiana University, USA), Tony Hey (Microsoft Research, USA) and Anne Trefethen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Research, USA) and Anne Trefethen (Oxford University, UK) 1. Introduction The data deluge [1] is all around of the field with many petabytes of data derived from advanced instruments. The deluge and its impact focus on some examples of the scientific data deluge. We anticipate that some of the tools, techniques

  1. International Electric Propulsion Conference, The George Washington University, USA October 6 10, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Mitchell

    1 The 33rd International Electric Propulsion Conference, The George Washington University, USA Electric Propulsion Conference, The George Washington University Washington, D.C. USA October 6 10.t.yim@nasa.gov. #12;2 The 33rd International Electric Propulsion Conference, The George Washington University, USA

  2. The 33st International Electric Propulsion Conference, The George Washington University, USA October 6 10, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Mitchell

    The 33st International Electric Propulsion Conference, The George Washington University, USA, 30332, USA Abstract: Accurate measurement of ion charge flux in the plume of spacecraft electric.walker@ae.gatech.edu #12;The 33st International Electric Propulsion Conference, The George Washington University, USA

  3. Optically pulsed electron accelerator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fraser, J.S.; Sheffield, R.L.

    1985-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    An optically pulsed electron accelerator can be used as an injector for a free electron laser and comprises a pulsed light source, such as a laser, for providing discrete incident light pulses. A photoemissive electron source emits electron bursts having the same duration as the incident light pulses when impinged upon by same. The photoemissive electron source is located on an inside wall of a radiofrequency-powered accelerator cell which accelerates the electron burst emitted by the photoemissive electron source.

  4. Optically pulsed electron accelerator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fraser, John S. (Los Alamos, NM); Sheffield, Richard L. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An optically pulsed electron accelerator can be used as an injector for a free electron laser and comprises a pulsed light source, such as a laser, for providing discrete incident light pulses. A photoemissive electron source emits electron bursts having the same duration as the incident light pulses when impinged upon by same. The photoemissive electron source is located on an inside wall of a radio frequency powered accelerator cell which accelerates the electron burst emitted by the photoemissive electron source.

  5. Hydrocarbon Seeps of the Mesozoic Great Valley Group Forearc Strata and Franciscan Complex, Northern and Central California, U.S.A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keenan, Kristin Euphrat

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Washington State, USA. Sedimentology Peckmann, J. , C. T. S.Washington State, USA. Sedimentology Peckmann, J. , J. L.

  6. Tailoring of electron flow current in magnetically insulated transmission lines J. P. Martin,2,3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Security Administration's Kansas City Plant, Kansas City, Missouri 64141, USA (Received 16 September 2008) flowing electrons generally do not deliver energy to (or even reach) most loads, and thus constitute a balance of the two. While magnetically insulated systems are generally forgiving, there are times when

  7. An Electron Beam Method for Creating Combina-torial Libraries: Application to Next Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wadley, Haydn

    , VA 22903 U.S.A. The next generation of thermal barriers coating (TBC) systems used on turbine engines8-1 An Electron Beam Method for Creating Combina- torial Libraries: Application to Next Generation. The underlying bond coat layers should have substantially improved oxidation resistance and increased high

  8. Free Electron Laser Nitriding of Metals: From basis physics to industrial applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rapin, Gerd

    Accelerator Facility, Free Electron Laser Group, Newport News, VA 23606, USA Abstract Titanium was laser-liquid interface energy and the strain. Further in- vestigations showed that the dendritic growth is beginning treatment, laser nitriding, titanium PACS: 81.65.Lp, 52.50.Jm, 61.80.Ba, 76.80.+y 1 Introduction Titanium

  9. LBNL-52872/CBP Note 516 A Preliminary Comparative Study of the Electron-Cloud Effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Furman, Miguel

    LBNL-52872/CBP Note 516 A Preliminary Comparative Study of the Electron-Cloud Effect for the PSR, ISIS, and the ESS M. A. Furman , LBNL, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA and M. T. F. Pivi , SLAC, Menlo Park, CA] obtained with the EC code POSINST [8, 9] that has been developed initially at LBNL, and lately

  10. LBNL-48382, CBP Note-398 SIMULATION RESULTS FOR THE ELECTRON-CLOUD AT THE PSR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Furman, Miguel

    LBNL-48382, CBP Note-398 SIMULATION RESULTS FOR THE ELECTRON-CLOUD AT THE PSR M. A. Furman and M. Pivi , LBNL, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA Abstract We present a first set of computer simulations code that has been developed at LBNL over the past 5 years, suitably augmented to deal with very long

  11. LBNL-48380, CBP Note-396 UPDATED ELECTRON-CLOUD SIMULATION RESULTS FOR THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Furman, Miguel

    LBNL-48380, CBP Note-396 UPDATED ELECTRON-CLOUD SIMULATION RESULTS FOR THE LARGE HADRON COLLIDER LHC M. A. Furman and M. Pivi, LBNL, Berkeley, CA94720, USA Abstract This paper presents new simulation-cloud effect (ECE) code that has been developed at LBNL over the past five years [3]. We are particularly

  12. LBNL51038, CBP Note441 ELECTRON-CLOUD SIMULATION RESULTS FOR THE PSR AND SNS.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Furman, Miguel

    LBNL­51038, CBP Note­441 ELECTRON-CLOUD SIMULATION RESULTS FOR THE PSR AND SNS. M. Pivi and M. A. Furman, LBNL, Berkeley, CA94720, USA Abstract We present recent simulation results for the main fea for the SNS and for PSR ring obtained with the ECE code that has been developed at LBNL over the past 6 years

  13. Automated Design of Microfluidics-Based Biochips: Connecting Biochemistry to Electronics CAD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chakrabarty, Krishnendu

    Automated Design of Microfluidics-Based Biochips: Connecting Biochemistry to Electronics CAD, USA Abstract Microfluidics-based biochips offer exciting possibilities for high- throughput sequencing monitoring. The complexity of microfluidic devices is expected to become significant in the near future due

  14. Electrical/Electronic Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berdichevsky, Victor

    Electrical/Electronic Engineering Technology The Division of Engineering of Science in Electrical/Electronic Engineering Technology Get ready for a dynamic career in Electrical/Electronic Engineering Technology. Possible applications

  15. FREE-ELECTRON LASERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sessler, A.M.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Variable-Wiggler Free-Electron-Laser Oscillat.ion. Phys. :_.The Los Alamos Free Electron Laser: Accelerator Perfoemance.First Operation of a Free-Electron Laser. Phys . __ Rev~.

  16. FREE ELECTRON LASERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colson, W.B.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1984). Colson, W. B. , "Free electron laser theory," Ph.D.aspects of the free electron laser," Laser Handbook i,Quant. Elect. Bendor Free Electron Laser Conference, Journal

  17. Chapter 9: Electronics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spieler, Helmuth G

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    R. Armstrong Contents Electronics 9.1 Introduction 9.2measurements 9.11 Digital electronics 9.11.1 Logic elementsProblems page 1 vii Electronics This chapter was contributed

  18. Proceedings of the ASME 2009 International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition November 13-19, Lake Buena Vista, Florida, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Attinger, Daniel

    University Department of Mechanical Engineering New York, NY, USA Lubomir Smilenov Columbia University Center

  19. Controlling Graphene's Electronic Structure

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Controlling Graphene's Electronic Structure Print Wednesday, 25 April 2007 00:00 Graphene, because of its unusual electron properties, reduced dimensionality, and scale, has...

  20. Controlling Graphene's Electronic Structure

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Controlling Graphene's Electronic Structure Print Graphene, because of its unusual electron properties, reduced dimensionality, and scale, has enormous potential for use in...

  1. Electron Microscopy Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Electron Microscopy Center Argonne Home > EMC > EMC Home Electron Microscopy Center Web Site has moved This page has moved to http:www.anl.govcnmgroupelectron-microscopy-cente...

  2. Recent Photovoltaic Performance Data in the USA (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jordan, D.

    2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents performance data from nearly 50,000 Photovoltaic systems totaling 1.7 Gigawatts installed capacity in the USA from 2009 to 2012. 90% of the systems performed to within 10% or better of expected performance. Only 2-4% of the data indicate issues significantly affecting the system performance. Special causes of underperformance and their impacts are delineated by reliability category. Delays and interconnections dominate project-related issues particularly in the first year, but total less than 0.5% of all systems. Hardware-related issues are dominated by inverter problems totaling less than 0.4% and underperforming modules to less than 0.1%.

  3. File:INL-geothermal-west-usa.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump to: navigation,SizeEthiopiametstak.pdf Jump to:nv.pdf Jump100west-usa.pdf

  4. LES' URENCO-USA Facility | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOil & Gas » MethaneJohnsonKristina Pflanz About UsT8LES' URENCO-USA

  5. USA Science and Engineering Festival: Inspiring and Educating the Clean

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your DensityEnergy U.S.-China Electric Vehicle and BatteryUS-EU-Japan Working Group on CriticalJapanUSA

  6. Electronics, Electrical Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SCHOOL OF Electronics, Electrical Engineering and Computer Science IS IN YOUR HANDS THE FUTURE #12;SCHOOL OF Electronics, Electrical Engineering and Computer Science2 CAREERS IN ELECTRONICS, ELECTRICAL Belfast. Ranked among the top 100 in the world for Electrical and Electronic Engineering (QS World

  7. OMAE2014 June 8-13, 2014, San Francisco, California, USA OMAE2014...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Offshore and Arctic Engineering OMAE2014 June 8-13, 2014, San Francisco, California, USA OMAE2014-24175 Hydrodynamic Module Coupling in the Offshore Wind Energy Simulation...

  8. electronic reprint Synchrotron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agard, David

    and T. Ohta Suite of three protein crystallography beamlines with single superconducting bend magnet with single superconducting bend magnet as the source Alastair A. MacDowell,a * Rich S. Celestre,a Malcolm Engineering Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA, c

  9. *Department of Neurological Surgery, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon, USA Department of Molecular Biosciences, UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine, Davis, California, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammock, Bruce D.

    blood flow, modulation of neuronal pain processing in the brainstem, control of neurohormone release*Department of Neurological Surgery, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon, USA acid that critically influence neuronal and vascu- lar function and disease, primarily via potent

  10. Rapid Traffic Information Dissemination Using Named Data Los Angeles, CA, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angeles, University of

    Rapid Traffic Information Dissemination Using Named Data Lucas Wang UCLA Los Angeles, CA, USA lucas@us.toyota-itc.com Lixia Zhang UCLA Los Angeles, CA, USA lixia@cs.ucla.edu ABSTRACT This paper applies the Named Data traffic information dissemination application based on the data naming design from our previ- ous work

  11. Honda Research Institute USA, Inc. http://www.honda-ri.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thrun, Sebastian

    Honda Research Institute USA, Inc. http://www.honda-ri.com Call For 2006 Summer Interns The computer science research section of Honda Research Institute USA (HRI-US), located in Mountain View internship will produce working concepts as well as publications, under close collaboration with Honda

  12. EUTROPHICATION A J Gold, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gold, Art

    EUTROPHICATION A J Gold, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI, USA J T Sims, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA ? 2005, Elsevier Ltd. All Rights Reserved. Introduction Eutrophication describes in nutrient inputs. Phosphorus (P) and nitrogen (N) are the nutrients that drive most eutrophication processes

  13. Ecological Modelling 187 (2005) 140178 Eutrophication model for Lake Washington (USA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arhonditsis, George B.

    Ecological Modelling 187 (2005) 140­178 Eutrophication model for Lake Washington (USA) Part I eutrophication model that has been developed to simulate plankton dynamics in Lake Washington, USA. Because loading scenarios. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Eutrophication; Lake Washington

  14. Controls on the regional-scale salinization of the Ogallala aquifer, Southern High Plains, Texas, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banner, Jay L.

    of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506-0053, USA b Department of Geological Sciences, The University of TexasControls on the regional-scale salinization of the Ogallala aquifer, Southern High Plains, Texas, USA Sunil Mehtaa, *, Alan E. Fryara , Jay L. Bannerb a Department of Geological Sciences, University

  15. Shapes of Knotted Cyclic Polymers Eric J. Rawdon, University of St. Thomas, Saint Paul, MN, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bigelow, Stephen

    Shapes of Knotted Cyclic Polymers Eric J. Rawdon, University of St. Thomas, Saint Paul, MN, USA, USA Momentary configurations of long polymers at thermal equilibrium usually deviate from spherical of asphericity (or prolateness) that describe these momentary ellipsoidal shapes of a polymer are determined

  16. Biogeography, ecoregions, and geomorphology affect fish species composition in streams of eastern Oklahoma, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marston, Richard A.

    Oklahoma, USA Daniel C. Dauwalter & Dale K. Splinter & William L. Fisher & Richard A. Marston Received: 8 and stream habitat, influenced fish species composition (presenceabsence) in eastern Oklahoma, USA relative ecoregions in eastern Oklahoma. Partial canonical correspondence analyses (pCCAs) and variance partitioning

  17. Long-term directional changes in upland Quercus forests throughout Oklahoma, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palmer, Michael W.

    Long-term directional changes in upland Quercus forests throughout Oklahoma, USA Ryan D. De? Location: Oklahoma, USA. Methods: We re-sampled 30 forest stands originally sampled in the 1950s across; Juniperus virginiana; mesophication; Oak; Oklahoma; Quercus marilandica; Quercus stellata; Species

  18. The 33st International Electric Propulsion Conference, The George Washington University, USA October 6 10, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King, Lyon B.

    The 33st International Electric Propulsion Conference, The George Washington University, USA with FerroTec EFH-1 in a non- uniform magnetic field IEPC-2013-319 Presented at the 33rd International Electric Propulsion Conference, The George Washington University Washington, D.C. USA October 6 10

  19. The fate and transport of nitrate in shallow groundwater in northwestern Mississippi, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    modeling . USA Introduction Nitrate is the primary form of dissolved nitrogen in natural waters (MuellerThe fate and transport of nitrate in shallow groundwater in northwestern Mississippi, USA Heather L. Welch & Christopher T. Green & Richard H. Coupe Abstract Agricultural contamination of groundwater

  20. Catalac free electron laser

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brau, Charles A. (Los Alamos, NM); Swenson, Donald A. (Los Alamos, NM); Boyd, Jr., Thomas J. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A catalac free electron laser using a rf linac (catalac) which acts as a catalyst to accelerate an electron beam in an initial pass through the catalac and decelerate the electron beam during a second pass through the catalac. During the second pass through the catalac, energy is extracted from the electron beam and transformed to energy of the accelerating fields of the catalac to increase efficiency of the device. Various embodiments disclose the use of post linacs to add electron beam energy extracted by the wiggler and the use of supplementary catalacs to extract energy at various energy peaks produced by the free electron laser wiggler to further enhance efficiency of the catalac free electron laser. The catalac free electron laser can be used in conjunction with a simple resonator, a ring resonator or as an amplifier in conjunction with a master oscillator laser.

  1. Matter & Energy Electronics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suslick, Kenneth S.

    See also: Matter & Energy Electronics· Detectors· Technology· Construction· Sports Science Electronic Tongue Tastes Wine Variety, Vintage (Aug. 12, 2008) -- You don't need a wine expert to Advance

  2. Achromatic and Isochronous Electron Beam Transport for Free Electron Lasers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bengtsson, J.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Beamlines for Free Electron Lasers," LBL-28880 Preprint (Thirteenth mtemational Free Electron Laser Conference, SantaTransport for Tunable Free Electron Lasers 1. Bengtsson and

  3. Energy Storage & Power Electronics 2008 Peer Review - Power Electronic...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Power Electronics (PE) Systems Presentations Energy Storage & Power Electronics 2008 Peer Review - Power Electronics (PE) Systems Presentations The 2008 Peer Review Meeting for the...

  4. Neutrinos in the Electron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. L. Koschmieder

    2006-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We will show that one half of the rest mass of the electron is equal to the sum of the rest masses of electron neutrinos and that the other half of the rest mass of the electron is given by the energy in the sum of electric oscillations. With this composition we can explain the rest mass, the electric charge, the spin and the magnetic moment of the electron.

  5. Dark Energy and Electrons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burra G. Sidharth

    2008-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    In the light of recent developments in Dark Energy, we consider the electron in a such a background field and show that at the Compton wavelength the electron is stable, in that the Cassini inward pressure exactly counterbalances the outward Coulomb repulsive pressure thus answering a problem of the earlier electron theory.

  6. SOLUTION-PROCESSED INORGANIC ELECTRONICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bakhishev, Teymur

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Solution-Processed Graphene Electronics, Nano Letters, vol.applications, Organic Electronics, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 249-design in organic electronics by dual-gate technology, in

  7. JLAB Electron Driver Capabilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kazimi, Reza [Jefferson Lab, 12000 Jefferson Avenue, Newport News, VA 23606 (United States)

    2009-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Several schemes have been proposed for adding a positron beam option at the Continuous Electron Beam Facility (CEBAF) at Jefferson Laboratory (JLAB). They involve using a primary beam of electrons or gamma rays striking a target to produce a positron beam. At JLAB electron beams are produced and used in two different accelerators, CEBAF and the JLAB FEL (Free Electron Laser). Both have low emittance and energy spread. The CEBAF beam is polarized. The FEL beam is unpolarized but the injector can produce a higher current electron beam. In this paper we describe the characteristics of these beams and the parameters relevant for positron production.

  8. G. A. Edgar, Department of Matheamtics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA (email: edgar@math.ohiostate.edu)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edgar, Gerald

    G. A. Edgar, Department of Matheamtics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA (e­mail: edgar

  9. April 11, 2008 Publications Gerard L.G. Sleijpen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sleijpen, Gerard

    based on Cayley transforms. Preprint 272, Dep. Math., University Utrecht, Utrecht, the Netherlands, 1983 I: stability results for fixed stepsizes. Preprint 275, Dep. Math., University Utrecht, Utrecht parabolic equations III: unconditional stability. Preprint 309, Dep. Math., University Utrecht, Utrecht

  10. April 11, 2008 Publications Gerard L.G. Sleijpen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sleijpen, Gerard

    transforms. Preprint 272, Dep. Math., University Utrecht, Utrecht, the Netherlands, 1983. [16] E. Jan W. ter for fixed stepsizes. Preprint 275, Dep. Math., University Utrecht, Utrecht, the Netherlands, 1983. [17] E: unconditional stability. Preprint 309, Dep. Math., University Utrecht, Utrecht, the Netherlands, 1983. [18] E

  11. Universit Paris VI LG301 2008-2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aubin, David

    Kepler pour qu'il dérive ses trois lois ? a) Ptolémée. b) Galilée. c) Tycho Brahe. d) Johann Stöffler. e expliquer les mouvements des planètes autour du Soleil ? a) Newton. b) Tycho Brahe. c) Johannes Kepler. d) Tycho Brahé c) Nicolas Copernic. d) Johannes Kepler. e) Aucune de ces réponses. #12;5) Où apparaissent

  12. LG Dismisses Lawsuit against DOE over Energy Star Enforcement | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment ofLetter Report:40PM toLED Lighting Facts LEDLEDsfirstONLFRGof

  13. LG: Noncompliance Determination (2014-SE-15011) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment ofLetter Report:40PM toLED Lighting FactsWashers | Department

  14. LG: Order (2014-SE-15011) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment ofLetter Report:40PM toLED Lighting FactsWashers |

  15. LG: Proposed Penalty (2014-SE-15011) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment ofLetter Report:40PM toLED Lighting FactsWashers |5-CE-14022)

  16. LG: Proposed Penalty (2015-CE-14022) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment ofLetter Report:40PM toLED Lighting FactsWashers

  17. DOE_LG_Signed_Settlement_Agreement.pdf | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011AT&T,Office of Policy, OAPMMilestone | DepartmentEA - 0942 E NSeptember 6,

  18. Bioreduction and immobilization of uranium in situ: a case study at a USA Department of Energy radioactive waste site, Oak Ridge, Tennessee

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, Weimin [Stanford University; Carley, Jack M [ORNL; Watson, David B [ORNL; Gu, Baohua [ORNL; Brooks, Scott C [ORNL; Kelly, Shelly D [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Kemner, Kenneth M [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Van Nostrand, Joy [University of Oklahoma, Norman; Wu, Liyou [University of Oklahoma, Norman; Zhou, Jizhong [University of Oklahoma, Norman; Luo, Jian [Georgia Institute of Technology; Cardenas, Erick [Michigan State University, East Lansing; Fields, Matthew Wayne [Miami University, Oxford, OH; Marsh, Terence [Michigan State University, East Lansing; Tiedje, James [Michigan State University, East Lansing; Green, Stefan [Florida State University; Kostka, Joel [Florida State University; Kitanidis, Peter K. [Stanford University; Jardine, Philip [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Criddle, Craig [Stanford University

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bioremediation of uranium contaminated groundwater was tested by delivery of ethanol as an electron donor source to stimulate indigenous microbial bioactivity for reduction and immobilization of uranium in situ, followed by tests of stability of uranium sequestration in the bioreduced area via delivery of dissolved oxygen or nitrate at the US Department of energy's Integrated Field Research Challenge site located at Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA. After long term treatment that spanned years, uranium in groundwater was reduced from 40-60 mg {center_dot} L{sup -1} to <0.03 mg {center_dot} L{sup -1}, below the USA EPA standard for drinking water. The bioreduced uranium was stable under anaerobic or anoxic conditions, but addition of DO and nitrate to the bioreduced zone caused U remobilization. The change in the microbial community and functional microorganisms related to uranium reduction and oxidation were characterized. The delivery of ethanol as electron donor stimulated the activities of indigenous microorganisms for reduction of U(VI) to U(IV). Results indicated that the immobilized U could be partially remobilized by D0 and nitrate via microbial activity. An anoxic environmental condition without nitrate is essential to maintain the stability of bioreduced uranium.

  19. Human Cathelicidin LL-37 Resistance and Increased Daptomycin MIC in Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Strain USA600 (ST45)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nizet, Victor

    of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan, USAb Bacteremia caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) USA600 has been associated with increased patient mortality. We found that USA600 MRSA exhibited-USA600 MRSA. Virulent health care-associated MRSA strains may coevolve innate host defense peptide

  20. Electron thermal conductivity owing to collisions between degenerate electrons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. S. Shternin; D. G. Yakovlev

    2006-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We calculate the thermal conductivity of electrons produced by electron-electron Coulomb scattering in a strongly degenerate electron gas taking into account the Landau damping of transverse plasmons. The Landau damping strongly reduces this conductivity in the domain of ultrarelativistic electrons at temperatures below the electron plasma temperature. In the inner crust of a neutron star at temperatures T scattering and becomes competitive with the the electron conductivity due to scattering of electrons by impurity ions.

  1. The Need for Next Generation of Radiochemists in the USA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mansour Akbarzadeh; Steven Bakhtiar; Patricia Paviet-Hartmann

    2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 2009, the nuclear industry employed approximately 120,000 people. Nearly 38 percent of the nuclear industry force will be eligible to retire within the next five years. To maintain the current work force, the industry will need to hire approximately 25,000 more workers by 2015.1 The federal government will also need nuclear workers in the future in its laboratories, the military and government programs. There is a need not only for the entire nuclear community to work with the academia to recruit and train students in a standardized way for employment at nuclear facilities. Several strategies are taking place in the USA, as an example, an initiative developed at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) is the Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (INEST) with four Centers of Research and Education (COREs) selected to address some of the most challenging issues facing nuclear energy today: (1) Fuels and Materials, (2) Space Nuclear Research, (3) Fuel Cycle, and (4) Safety and Licensing. Another example is the development of a radiochemistry program at two universities: the University of Nevada Las Vegas (UNLV) and Washington State University (WSU) to attract the next generation work force. This paper will solely focus on the next generation of radiochemists needed in the US and will give examples illustrating the needs as well as the current activities in the academia and in the national laboratories to fulfill national needs.

  2. Field emission electron source

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zettl, Alexander Karlwalter (Kensington, CA); Cohen, Marvin Lou (Berkeley, CA)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A novel field emitter material, field emission electron source, and commercially feasible fabrication method is described. The inventive field emission electron source produces reliable electron currents of up to 400 mA/cm.sup.2 at 200 volts. The emitter is robust and the current it produces is not sensitive to variability of vacuum or the distance between the emitter tip and the cathode. The novel emitter has a sharp turn-on near 100 volts.

  3. Ceramic Electron Multiplier

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Comby, G.

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Ceramic Electron Multipliers (CEM) is a compact, robust, linear and fast multi-channel electron multiplier. The Multi Layer Ceramic Technique (MLCT) allows to build metallic dynodes inside a compact ceramic block. The activation of the metallic dynodes enhances their secondary electron emission (SEE). The CEM can be used in multi-channel photomultipliers, multi-channel light intensifiers, ion detection, spectroscopy, analysis of time of flight events, particle detection or Cherenkov imaging detectors. (auth)

  4. Photoemission Electron Microscope | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    nanoscale surface structures ( 8 nm) via electron emission induced by ultraviolet and laser light sources. The PEEM is applied to surface science studies of individual...

  5. Electron caustic lithography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kennedy, S. M.; Zheng, C. X.; Tang, W. X.; Paganin, D. M.; Jesson, D. E. [School of Physics, Monash University, Victoria, 3800 (Australia); Fu, J. [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Monash University, Victoria, 3800 (Australia)

    2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A maskless method of electron beam lithography is described which uses the reflection of an electron beam from an electrostatic mirror to produce caustics in the demagnified image projected onto a resist-coated wafer. By varying the electron optics, e.g. via objective lens defocus, both the morphology and dimensions of the caustic features may be controlled, producing a range of bright and tightly focused projected features. The method is illustrated for line and fold caustics and is complementary to other methods of reflective electron beam lithography.

  6. *Correspondence address. Fermilab, MS 122 E 871, Batavia, IL 60510, USA. Fax: 16308403867.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fermilab Experiment E871

    #Department of Physics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22901, USA Received 28 March 2000 Inc., 1161 Homestead Ln., Chanhassen, MN 55317. # Exabyte Corp., 1685 38th St., Boulder, CO 80301

  7. ASME 2008 Summer Heat transfer Conference August 10-14, 2008, Jacksonville, FL., USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    ASME 2008 Summer Heat transfer Conference August 10-14, 2008, Jacksonville, FL., USA HT2008, University of Victoria Victoria, BC , V8W 2Y2, Canada ABSTRACT Accurate information on the temperature eld

  8. STATE-OF-THE-ART: FLY ASH, SILICA FUME AND SLAG UTILIZATION IN USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    improvement, land reclamations, slurried flowable ash, water pollution control, etc. The medium technology Backfill. 1.0 Introduction At the present time, coal fired electric power plants in the USA produce

  9. Pieridae Energy (USA) Ltd. FE Dkt. No. 14-179-LNG

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Office of Fossil Energy gives notice of receipt of an application filed on October 24, 2014, by Pieridae Energy (USA) Ltd (Pieridae) requesting long-term, multi-contract authority as further...

  10. EnergyGauge USA: A Residential Building Energy Simulation Design Tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fairey, P.; Vieira, R. K.; Parker, D. S.; Hanson, B.; Broman, P. A.; Grant, J. B.; Fuehrlein, B.; Gu, L.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC) has developed new software (EnergyGauge USA) which allows simple calculation and rating of energy use of residential buildings around the United States. In the past, most residential analysis and rating...

  11. Overview of Station Analysis Tools Developed in Support of H2USA

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Access the recording and download presentation slides from the Fuel Cell Technologies Office webinar "Overview of Station Analysis Tools Developed in Support of H2USA" held on May 12, 2015.

  12. A Map Of Geothermal Potential For The Great Basin, Usa- Recognition...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Potential For The Great Basin, Usa- Recognition Of Multiple Geothermal Environments Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: A Map Of...

  13. Global Economic Effects of USA Biofuel Policy and the Potential Contribution from Advanced Biofuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gbadebo Oladosu; Keith Kline; Paul Leiby; Rocio Uria-Martinez; Maggie Davis; Mark Downing; Laurence Eaton

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study evaluates the global economic effects of the USA renewable fuel standards (RFS2), and the potential contribution from advanced biofuels. Our simulation results imply that these mandates lead to an increase of 0.21 percent in the global gross domestic product (GDP) in 2022, including an increase of 0.8 percent in the USA and 0.02 percent in the rest of the world (ROW); relative to our baseline, no-RFS scenario. The incremental contributions to GDP from advanced biofuels in 2022 are estimated at 0.41 percent and 0.04 percent in the USA and ROW, respectively. Although production costs of advanced biofuels are higher than for conventional biofuels in our model, their economic benefits result from reductions in oil use, and their smaller impacts on food markets compared with conventional biofuels. Thus, the USA advanced biofuels targets are expected to have positive economic benefits.

  14. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Vol. 25, No. 2, pp. 458469, 2006 Printed in the USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strauss, Richard E.

    the Anaconda Smelter Superfund Site, Anaconda, Montana, USA, to determine their exposure to five metal inhabiting sites contaminated by mine or smelter waste. Spe- cies with ubiquitous distributions and abundant

  15. Diversity of Low Chill Peaches (Prunus persica) from Asia, Brazil, Europe and the USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Natalie A.

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    One hundred fifty-five peach (Prunus persica) cultivars, from Asia, Brazil, Europe, and the USA, were examined using eleven Simple Sequence Repeats (SSRs) to study the genetic relationships among low chill as compared to high chill peach germplasm...

  16. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA Vol. 94, pp. 60076012, June 1997

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammock, Bruce D.

    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA Vol. 94, pp. 6007­6012, June 1997 Applied Physical Sciences Disruption Communicated by William S. Bowers, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, April 7, 1997 (received for review

  17. Technology and Innovation, Vol. 13, pp. 175199, 2011 1949-8241/11 $90.00 + .00 Printed in the USA. All rights reserved. DOI: 10.3727/194982411X13085939956625

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hubbard, Susan

    , Los Alamos, NM, USA Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA, USA Savannah River National, Washington, DC, USA Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA Los Alamos National Laboratory Laboratory, Aiken, SC, USA #U.S. Department of Energy, Carlsbad, NM, USA The US Department Energy (DOE

  18. Non-powered Dams: An untapped source of renewable electricity in the USA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hadjerioua, Boualem [ORNL; Kao, Shih-Chieh [ORNL; Wei, Yaxing [ORNL; Battey, Hoyt [Department of Energy; Smith, Brennan T [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hydropower has been a source of clean, renewable electricity in the USA for more than 100 years. Today, approximately 2500 US dams provide 78 GW of conventional and 22 GW of pumped-storage hydropower. In contrast, another approximately 80 000 dams in the USA do not include hydraulic turbine equipment and provide non-energy related services, such as flood control, water supply, navigation, and recreation.

  19. 13 OctOber 2013 Mission Bay Conference Center, San Francisco, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaski, Samuel

    1­3 OctOber 2013 Mission Bay Conference Center, San Francisco, USA www.beyond-the-genome.com Beyond the Genome 2013 #12;2 1­3 OctOber 2013 Mission Bay Conference Center, San Francisco, USA www.beyond-the-genome.com Beyond the Genome 2013 Exhibition and sponsorship Nick Moss BioMed Central T: +44 (0)20 3192 2723 E: nick

  20. Electronic Mail Analysis Capability

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2001-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Establishes the pilot program to test the Department of Energy (DOE) Electronic Mail Analysis Capability (EMAC), which will be used to monitor and analyze outgoing and incoming electronic mail (e-mail) from the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and DOE laboratories that are engaged in nuclear weapons design or work involving special nuclear material. No cancellation.

  1. Electrons and Mirror Symmetry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kumar, Krishna (University of Massachusetts, Amherst) [University of Massachusetts, Amherst

    2007-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The neutral weak force between an electron and a target particle, mediated by the Z boson, can be isolated by measuring the fractional change under a mirror reflection of the scattering probability of relativistic longitudinally polarized electrons off unpolarized targets. This technique yields neutral weak force measurements at a length scale of 1 femtometer, in contrast to high energy collider measurements that probe much smaller length scales. Study of the variation of the weak force over a range of length scales provides a stringent test of theory, complementing collider measurements. We describe a recent measurement of the neutral weak force between two electrons by the E158 experiment at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. While the weak force between an electron and positron has been extensively studied, that between two electrons had never directly been measured. We conclude by discussing prospects for even more precise measurements at future facilities.

  2. High brightness electron accelerator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sheffield, Richard L. (Los Alamos, NM); Carlsten, Bruce E. (Los Alamos, NM); Young, Lloyd M. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A compact high brightness linear accelerator is provided for use, e.g., in a free electron laser. The accelerator has a first plurality of acclerating cavities having end walls with four coupling slots for accelerating electrons to high velocities in the absence of quadrupole fields. A second plurality of cavities receives the high velocity electrons for further acceleration, where each of the second cavities has end walls with two coupling slots for acceleration in the absence of dipole fields. The accelerator also includes a first cavity with an extended length to provide for phase matching the electron beam along the accelerating cavities. A solenoid is provided about the photocathode that emits the electons, where the solenoid is configured to provide a substantially uniform magnetic field over the photocathode surface to minimize emittance of the electons as the electrons enter the first cavity.

  3. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 562 (2006) 401406 Generating a multi-line neutron beam using an electron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danon, Yaron

    Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York 12180, USA Received 3 January 2006; received in revised form 20 February discrete energy lines in the range 34­6200 eV is produced by using a 238 U filter in conjunction beams of discrete energies can be generated by using an electron linear accelerator in combination

  4. Aerogels for electronics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hrubesh, L.W.

    1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In addition to their other exceptional properties, aerogels also exhibit unusual dielectric and electronic properties due to their nano-sized structures and high porosities. For example, aerogels have the lowest dielectric constants measured for a solid material (having values approaching 1.0); they have exceptionally high dielectric resistivities and strengths (i.e., ability to insulate very high voltages); they exhibit low dielectric loss at microwave frequencies; and some aerogels are electrically conductive and photoconductive. These properties are being exploited to provide the next generation of materials for energy storage, low power consumption, and ultra-fast electronics. We are working toward adapting these unusual materials for microelectronic applications, particularly, making thin aerogel films for dielectric substrates and for energy storage devices such as supercapacitors. Measurements are presented in this paper for the dielectric and electronic properties of aerogels, including the dielectric constant, loss factor, dielectric and electrical conductivity, volume resistivity, and dielectric strength. We also describe methods to form and characterize thin aerogel films which are being developed for numerous electronic applications. Finally, some of the electronic applications proposed for aerogels are presented. Commercialization of aerogels for electronics must await further feasibility, prototype development, and cost studies, but they are one of the key materials and are sure to have a major impact on future electronics.

  5. Linkping University Electronic Press

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Yuxiao

    do so. Beyond Ph.D. theses, 41 Licentiate theses (of 61 in total) were published electronically-Press to 640, 208 and 4794 Ph.D., Licentiate and Undergraduate theses, respectively. Conference Proceedings

  6. VIA ELECTRONIC MAIL

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    1, 2013 VIA ELECTRONIC MAIL U.S. Department of Energy (FE-34) Office of Fossil Energy Office of Oil and Gas Global Security and Supply Attn: Natural Gas Reports P.O. Box 44375...

  7. Electron Microscope Facility

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Brookhaven Lab is home to one of only a few Scanning Transmision Electron Microscope (STEM) machines in the world and one of the few that can image single heavy atoms.

  8. VIA ELECTRONIC SUBMISSION

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    39 MacDougal Street, Third Floor * New York, New York 10012 * (212) 992-8932 * www.policyintegrity.org March 21, 2011 VIA ELECTRONIC SUBMISSION Office of the General Counsel US...

  9. VIA ELECTRONIC MAIL

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    VIA ELECTRONIC MAIL U.S. Department of Energy (FE-34) Office of Fossil Energy Office of Oil and Gas Global Security and Supply Attn: Natural Gas Reports P.O. Box 44375...

  10. 3D Printing Electronics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stryk, Oskar von

    Login Register Home Videos Jobs Games 3D Printing Electronics Design Software Designer Edge for 3D Printing -- B6 Sigma Labs (ticker SGLB) is not the same company as Sigma Technologies

  11. Toward pure electronic spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petrovi?, Vladimir, 1978-

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis is summarized the progress toward completing our understanding of the Rydberg system of CaF and developing Pure Electronic Spectroscopy. The Rydberg system of CaF possesses a paradigmatic character due to ...

  12. SUPERTHERMAL ELECTRON DISTRIBUTION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kauffman, R

    2007-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

    This memo discusses the analysis of the high-energy x-ray distribution from a laser-induced plasma to determine the superthermal electron distribution. The methods of deconvolution outlined in I are similar to formulae derived in the literature not including and including effects due to electron stopping. In II the methods are applied to an x-ray spectrum from an Au disc irradiated by ARGUS.

  13. Electron tomography of defects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharp, Joanne

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 2.6 Limitations of electron tomography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 2.6.1 The missing wedge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 2.6.2 Minimum reliable spacing of features . . . . . . . . . . 39 3 Tomography of dislocations using weak... ELECTRON TOMOGRAPHY OF DEFECTS This dissertation is submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy by Joanne Sharp Of Wolfson College Submitted 26th April 2010 Acknowledgements This dissertation is the result of my own work and includes nothing...

  14. Free electron laser

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Villa, Francesco (Alameda, CA)

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A high gain, single-pass free electron laser formed of a high brilliance electron injector source, a linear accelerator which imparts high energy to the electron beam, and an undulator capable of extremely high magnetic fields, yet with a very short period. The electron injector source is the first stage (gap) of the linear accelerator or a radial line transformer driven by fast circular switch. The linear accelerator is formed of a plurality of accelerating gaps arranged in series. These gaps are energized in sequence by releasing a single pulse of energy which propagates simultaneously along a plurality of transmission lines, each of which feeds the gaps. The transmission lines are graduated in length so that pulse power is present at each gap as the accelerated electrons pass therethrough. The transmission lines for each gap are open circuited at their ends. The undualtor has a structure similar to the accelerator, except that the transmission lines for each gap are substantially short circuited at their ends, thus converting the electric field into magnetic field. A small amount of resistance is retained in order to generate a small electric field for replenishing the electron bunch with the energy lost as it traverses through the undulator structure.

  15. Circular free-electron laser

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brau, Charles A. (Los Alamos, NM); Kurnit, Norman A. (Santa Fe, NM); Cooper, Richard K. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A high efficiency, free electron laser utilizing a circular relativistic electron beam accelerator and a circular whispering mode optical waveguide for guiding optical energy in a circular path in the circular relativistic electron beam accelerator such that the circular relativistic electron beam and the optical energy are spatially contiguous in a resonant condition for free electron laser operation. Both a betatron and synchrotron are disclosed for use in the present invention. A free electron laser wiggler is disposed around the circular relativistic electron beam accelerator for generating a periodic magnetic field to transform energy from the circular relativistic electron beam to optical energy.

  16. Roadmap: Electronic Media Electronic Media Sports Production Bachelor of Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Scott

    Roadmap: Electronic Media Electronic Media Sports Production Bachelor of Science [CI2013 Page 1 of 4 | Last Updated: 23-May-12/LNHD This roadmap is a recommended semester-by-semester plan requirement #12;Roadmap: Electronic Media Electronic Media Sports Production Bachelor of Science [CI

  17. An electronic radiation of blackbody: Cosmic electron background

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jian-Miin Liu

    2008-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The Universe owns the electronic radiation of blackbody at temperature 2.725 K, which we call the cosmic electron background. We calculate its radiation spectrum. The energy distribution of number density of electrons in the cosmic electron background becomes zero as energy goes to both zero and infinity. It has one maximum peak near the energy level of 10**(-23) J.

  18. Electron-electron interactions in fast neutral-neutral collisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DuBois, R.D. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)); Manson, S.T. (Georgia State Univ., Atlanta, GA (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy)

    1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Differential electron emission is studied for 50--500 keV H[sup +] and H atom impact on helium. Using the first Born formulation, it is shown that projectile electron-target electron interactions are expected to dominate the differential cross sections for low energy target electron emission induced by fast neutral projectile impact on any target. Measurements of the 15[degrees] electron emission were made in order to investigate this prediction. For low impact energies, a constant ratio between the hydrogen atom and proton impact cross sections was found for emitted electron velocities less than half the projectile velocity, V[sub p] But as the collision energy increased, for electron velocities less than 0.25 V[sub p], the cross section ratio increased as the emitted electron velocity decreased. This is interpreted as a signature of projectile electron-target electron interactions becoming dominant for distant collisions between neutral particles.

  19. Electron-electron interactions in fast neutral-neutral collisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DuBois, R.D. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Manson, S.T. [Georgia State Univ., Atlanta, GA (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy

    1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Differential electron emission is studied for 50--500 keV H{sup +} and H atom impact on helium. Using the first Born formulation, it is shown that projectile electron-target electron interactions are expected to dominate the differential cross sections for low energy target electron emission induced by fast neutral projectile impact on any target. Measurements of the 15{degrees} electron emission were made in order to investigate this prediction. For low impact energies, a constant ratio between the hydrogen atom and proton impact cross sections was found for emitted electron velocities less than half the projectile velocity, V{sub p} But as the collision energy increased, for electron velocities less than 0.25 V{sub p}, the cross section ratio increased as the emitted electron velocity decreased. This is interpreted as a signature of projectile electron-target electron interactions becoming dominant for distant collisions between neutral particles.

  20. Electronic Spectroscopy & Dynamics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mark Maroncelli, Nancy Ryan Gray

    2010-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The Gordon Research Conference (GRC) on Electronic Spectroscopy and Dynamics was held at Colby College, Waterville, NH from 07/19/2009 thru 07/24/2009. The Conference was well-attended with participants (attendees list attached). The attendees represented the spectrum of endeavor in this field coming from academia, industry, and government laboratories, both U.S. and foreign scientists, senior researchers, young investigators, and students. The GRC on Electronic Spectroscopy & Dynamics showcases some of the most recent experimental and theoretical developments in electronic spectroscopy that probes the structure and dynamics of isolated molecules, molecules embedded in clusters and condensed phases, and bulk materials. Electronic spectroscopy is an important tool in many fields of research, and this GRC brings together experts having diverse backgrounds in physics, chemistry, biophysics, and materials science, making the meeting an excellent opportunity for the interdisciplinary exchange of ideas and techniques. Topics covered in this GRC include high-resolution spectroscopy, biological molecules in the gas phase, electronic structure theory for excited states, multi-chromophore and single-molecule spectroscopies, and excited state dynamics in chemical and biological systems.

  1. Improvement of the technique of identification of electrons and positrons with use of electromagnetic calorimeter of the CLAS detector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gevorgyan, N. E.; Dashyan, N. B.; Paremuzyan, R. G.; Stepanyan, S. G.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the dependence of the sensitivity of response of the electromagnetic calorimeter of CLAS plant on the momenta of electrons and positrons. We made calculation of this dependence and elaborated a method for its employment in identification of e- and e+. We have shown that the new method of selection of e- and e+ improves the quality of identification by about 10%. We used the experimental data obtained with the plant CLAS of linear accelerator at Jefferson laboratory (USA).

  2. Electron launching voltage monitor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mendel, C.W.; Savage, M.E.

    1992-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

    An electron launching voltage monitor measures MITL voltage using a relationship between anode electric field and electron current launched from a cathode-mounted perturbation. An electron launching probe extends through and is spaced from the edge of an opening in a first MITL conductor, one end of the launching probe being in the gap between the MITL conductor, the other end being adjacent a first side of the first conductor away from the second conductor. A housing surrounds the launching probe and electrically connects the first side of the first conductor to the other end of the launching probe. A detector detects the current passing through the housing to the launching probe, the detected current being representative of the voltage between the conductors. 5 figs.

  3. Precision electron polarimetry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chudakov, Eugene A. [JLAB

    2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A new generation of precise Parity-Violating experiments will require a sub-percent accuracy of electron beam polarimetry. Compton polarimetry can provide such accuracy at high energies, but at a few hundred MeV the small analyzing power limits the sensitivity. M{\\o}ller polarimetry provides a high analyzing power independent on the beam energy, but is limited by the properties of the polarized targets commonly used. Options for precision polarimetry at ~300 MeV will be discussed, in particular a proposal to use ultra-cold atomic hydrogen traps to provide a 100\\%-polarized electron target for M{\\o}ller polarimetry.

  4. A graphene electron lens

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gerhard, L.; Balashov, T.; Wulfhekel, W. [Physikalisches Institut, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Wolfgang-Gaede-Str. 1, 76131 Karlsruhe (Germany); Moyen, E.; Ozerov, I.; Sahaf, H.; Masson, L.; Hanbuecken, M. [CINaM-CNRS, Aix-Marseille University, Campus Luminy - Case 913, 18288 Marseille (France); Portail, M. [CRHEA-CNRS, Parc de Sophia - Antipolis, rue B. Gregory, 06560 Valbonne (France)

    2012-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

    An epitaxial layer of graphene was grown on a pre patterned 6H-SiC(0001) crystal. The graphene smoothly covers the hexagonal nano-holes in the substrate without the introduction of small angle grain boundaries or dislocations. This is achieved by an elastic deformation of the graphene by {approx_equal}0.3% in accordance to its large elastic strain limit. This elastic stretching of the graphene leads to a modification of the band structure and to a local lowering of the electron group velocity of the graphene. We propose to use this effect to focus two-dimensional electrons in analogy to simple optical lenses.

  5. Diamondoid monolayers as electron emitters

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yang, Wanli (El Cerrito, CA); Fabbri, Jason D. (San Francisco, CA); Melosh, Nicholas A. (Menlo Park, CA); Hussain, Zahid (Orinda, CA); Shen, Zhi-Xun (Stanford, CA)

    2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Provided are electron emitters based upon diamondoid monolayers, preferably self-assembled higher diamondoid monolayers. High intensity electron emission has been demonstrated employing such diamondoid monolayers, particularly when the monolayers are comprised of higher diamondoids. The application of such diamondoid monolayers can alter the band structure of substrates, as well as emit monochromatic electrons, and the high intensity electron emissions can also greatly improve the efficiency of field-effect electron emitters as applied to industrial and commercial applications.

  6. Diamondoid monolayers as electron emitters

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yang, Wanli; Fabbri, Jason D.; Melosh, Nicholas A.; Hussain, Zahid; Shen, Zhi-Xun

    2013-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Provided are electron emitters based upon diamondoid monolayers, preferably self-assembled higher diamondoid monolayers. High intensity electron emission has been demonstrated employing such diamondoid monolayers, particularly when the monolayers are comprised of higher diamondoids. The application of such diamondoid monolayers can alter the band structure of substrates, as well as emit monochromatic electrons, and the high intensity electron emissions can also greatly improve the efficiency of field-effect electron emitters as applied to industrial and commercial applications.

  7. Electron-Electron Bremsstrahlung Emission and the Inference of Electron Flux Spectra in Solar Flares

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eduard P. Kontar; A. Gordon Emslie; Anna Maria Massone; Michele Piana; John C. Brown; Marco Prato

    2007-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Although both electron-ion and electron-electron bremsstrahlung contribute to the hard X-ray emission from solar flares, the latter is normally ignored. Such an omission is not justified at electron (and photon) energies above $\\sim 300$ keV, and inclusion of the additional electron-electron bremsstrahlung in general makes the electron spectrum required to produce a given hard X-ray spectrum steeper at high energies. Unlike electron-ion bremsstrahlung, electron-electron bremsstrahlung cannot produce photons of all energies up to the maximum electron energy involved. The maximum possible photon energy depends on the angle between the direction of the emitting electron and the emitted photon, and this suggests a diagnostic for an upper cutoff energy and/or for the degree of beaming of the accelerated electrons. We analyze the large event of January 17, 2005 observed by RHESSI and show that the upward break around 400 keV in the observed hard X-ray spectrum is naturally accounted for by the inclusion of electron-electron bremsstrahlung. Indeed, the mean source electron spectrum recovered through a regularized inversion of the hard X-ray spectrum, using a cross-section that includes both electron-ion and electron-electron terms, has a relatively constant spectral index $\\delta$ over the range from electron kinetic energy $E = 200$ keV to $E = 1$ MeV. However, the level of detail discernible in the recovered electron spectrum is not sufficient to determine whether or not any upper cutoff energy exists.

  8. Proceedings of ASME 2010 4th International Conference on Energy Sustainability May 17-22, 2010 Phoenix, Arizona, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agogino, Alice M.

    1 Proceedings of ASME 2010 4th International Conference on Energy Sustainability ES2010 May 17 International Conference on Energy Sustainability ES2010 May 17-22, 2010, Phoenix, Arizona, USA ES2010- 0 #12-22, 2010 Phoenix, Arizona, USA ES2010-90190 CO-DESIGN OF ENERGY-EFFICIENT HOUSING WITH THE PINOLEVILLE

  9. Environmental contaminants in prey and tissues of the peregrine falcon in the Big Bend Region, Texas, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mora, Miguel A.

    reserved. Keywords: DDE; Mercury; Selenium; Peregrine falcon; West Texas 1. Introduction The peregrine, Texas, USA M. Moraa, *, R. Skilesb , B. McKinneyc , M. Paredesb , D. Bucklerd , D. Papouliasd , D Sciences, Texas A&M University, 2258 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843-2258, USA b National Park Service, Big

  10. 356 Herpetological Review 38(3), 2007 USA: FLORIDA: ALACHUA CO.: Gainesville: SR 121 N of inter-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carranza, Salvador

    -SILVA, Department of Bio- logical Sciences, University of Texas at El Paso, 500 West Av- enue, El Paso, Texas 79968- partment of Biological Sciences, University of Texas at El Paso, 500 West Avenue, El Paso, Texas 79968, USA (e-mail: vmata@utep.edu). RAMPHOTYPHLOPS BRAMINUS (Brahminy Blindsnake). USA: TEXAS: NACOGDOCHES CO

  11. MAJEED M. HAYAT, NAMED 2014 IEEE FELLOW Piscataway, New Jersey, USA, January 2014: Majeed M. Hayat, Professor of Electrical and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Mexico, University of

    MAJEED M. HAYAT, NAMED 2014 IEEE FELLOW Piscataway, New Jersey, USA, January 2014: Majeed M. Hayat, Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of New Mexico, from Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA, has been named an IEEE Fellow. He is being recognized for contributions to the modeling

  12. An Analysis of Price Volatility in Different Spot Markets for Electricity in the U.S.A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    An Analysis of Price Volatility in Different Spot Markets for Electricity in the U.S.A. by Tim for electricity in the USA vary in fundamental ways. In particular, markets in the East, such as New England, New in the new auction markets for electricity can be described by a stochastic regime-switching model

  13. A Longitudinal Analysis of the Causal Factors in Major Maritime Accidents in the USA and Canada (1996-2006)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williamson, John

    A Longitudinal Analysis of the Causal Factors in Major Maritime Accidents in the USA and Canada an analysis that extends across the findings presented over ten years investigations into maritime accidents, Hampton, VA 23681-2199, USA c.m.holloway@nasa.gov Abstract Accident reports provide important insights

  14. Linkping University Electronic Press

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Yuxiao

    .D. (and Licentiate) examination process. The details vary a little from faculty to faculty, but in general in the electronic publication of at least 95% of LiU Ph.D. and Licentiate theses. Furthermore, 40 Licentiate theses undergraduate reports, 293 Ph.D. theses and 122 Licentiate theses. Beyond theses, LiU E-Press also publishes

  15. RESOURCE GUIDE RECYCLING ELECTRONICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danforth, Bryan Nicholas

    ://www.thesoftlanding.com/ AVOIDING BISPHENOL-A Eden Organics Beans http://www.edenfoods.com/ CD and DVD recycling httpRESOURCE GUIDE RECYCLING ELECTRONICS Batteries and Accessories Office Depot Cell Phones Any Verizon Plastics Call your local Solid Waste Management Facility eCycling resource (EPA) http

  16. electronic reprint Synchrotron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    or its storage in electronic databases or the like is not permitted without prior permission in writing-element speciation. Often, these trace elements are sorbed to clays or phyllomanganates, which are nanostructured as a function of position. Other materials examples include defects in semiconductor devices, which may also

  17. GRAPHENE: ELECTRON PROPERTIES AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabrieli, John

    GRAPHENE: ELECTRON PROPERTIES AND TRANSPORT PHENOMENA Leonid Levitov MIT Lecture notes and HW and magnetoresistance Quantum Hall effect reminder The half-integer QHE in graphene Energy gaps and splitting of Landau levels QHE in p-n and p-n-p junctions Spin transport at graphene edge Fine structure constant

  18. Electronics Research Beckman Institute

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

    -assembling three-dimensional nanostructure for battery cathodes that enables extremely quick charging and discharging without sacrificing energy storage capacity.The new technology is compatible with current manufacturing methods and ideal for use in consumer electronics, electric vehicles, and medical devices, among

  19. Nano-criticality in small CoO particles To Kenneth Wilson, Cornell, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nano-criticality in small CoO particles To Kenneth Wilson, Cornell, USA "for his theory a neutron scattering study of CoO bulk and nano-powders, we have measured the critical magnetic scattering), and theC -n magnetic coherence length x(-e) . We have found a bof 0.31 and 0.35 for bulk and nano

  20. Proceedings of the 2013 Joint Rail Conference April 15-18, 2013, Knoxville, Tennessee, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkan, Christopher P.L.

    American operating environment differs than the operating practices found throughout much of the rest freight and intercity passenger traffic. One of the challenges created by this operating environmentProceedings of the 2013 Joint Rail Conference JRC2013 April 15-18, 2013, Knoxville, Tennessee, USA

  1. Signal and Image Processing, SIP-2000, Las Vegas, USA, (c) IASTED SEARCHING FOR AURORA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Syrjsuo, Mikko

    Signal and Image Processing, SIP-2000, Las Vegas, USA, (c) IASTED SEARCHING FOR AURORA MIKKO T. We demonstrate an automatical algorithm for searching aurora in auroral all-sky images. The algorithm that contain aurora and require further examination in the detection phase. The detection is based on shape

  2. Fe-CYCLE BACTERIA FROM INDUSTRIAL CLAYS MINED IN GEORGIA, USA EVGENYA S. SHELOBOLINA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lovley, Derek

    Fe-CYCLE BACTERIA FROM INDUSTRIAL CLAYS MINED IN GEORGIA, USA EVGENYA S. SHELOBOLINA 1, *,{, SAM M are major discoloring impurities in mined commercial white kaolin clay. In order to evaluate the potential influence of Fe-cycle bacteria on Fe cycling during post- depositional clay-weathering alteration, Fe

  3. Going-to-the-Sun Road, Glacier National Park, MT, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Going-to-the-Sun Road, Glacier National Park, MT, USA Avalanche Path Atlas Erich H. Peitzsch Daniel..................................................................................................................................... 2 Overview of Red Rock Group avalanche paths, Going-to-the-Sun Road, Glacier National Park, MT................................................................................................................................................... 3 Overview of Lower GTSR group avalanche paths, Going-to-the-Sun Road, Glacier National Park, MT

  4. Proc. NatL Acad. Sci. USA Vol. 79, pp. 5258-5262, September 1982

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olins, Ada L.

    binding to bulk nu- cleosome core particles as studied by comparison of neutron- scattering curvesProc. NatL Acad. Sci. USA Vol. 79, pp. 5258-5262, September 1982 Biophysics Neutron scatterng molecules per nucleosome core were studied by use of small-angle neutron scatteringtechniques. Byvarying

  5. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 35, 1259-1267 (2000) Meteoritical Society, 2000. Printed in USA.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Peter

    and physical structure M. D. CAMPBELL1*, P. G. BROWN1, A. G. LEBLANC2, R. L. HAWKES2, J. JONES1, S. P. WORDEN3 Brunswick E4L 1E6, Canada 3Headquarters United States Air Force, 1480 Air Force Pentagon, Washington, D, Washington, D.C. 20546, USA Present address: Department of Astronomy and Physics, Saint Mary's University

  6. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Vol. 20, No. 9, pp. 19271935, 2001 Printed in the USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Robert J.

    in the USA 0730-7268/01 $9.00 .00 Environmental Toxicology ACCUMULATION OF 137CESIUM AND 90STRONTIUM FROM in a highly contaminated area of the Red Forest near the Chornobyl (Ukraine) Reactor 4 to evaluate the uptake is an important source of internal contamination. Keywords--Radiation Chornobyl Chernobyl Dose Rodents

  7. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Vol. 19, No. 2, pp. 305312, 2000 Printed in the USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Robert J.

    in the USA 0730-7268/00 $9.00 .00 CONCENTRATIONS AND DOSE RATE ESTIMATES OF 134,137CESIUM AND 90STRONTIUM--Chornobyl Chernobyl Dose Cesium Strontium INTRODUCTION The explosion of the number four reactor at Chornobyl on April immediately surrounding the reactor were particularly contaminated, resulting in the loss of about 400 ha

  8. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Vol. 19, No. 2, pp. 271275, 2000 Printed in the USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, K.N.

    in the USA 0730-7268/00 $9.00 .00 BIOKINETICS OF CESIUM IN PERNA VIRIDIS PETER K.N. YU,* PAUL K.S. LAM, BEN of Perna viridis, in predicting the activity of cesium in each compartment of Perna viridis from a contamination history, or in using Perna viridis as a sentinel organism for surveying and monitoring radioactive

  9. Storage Area Network Optimization A cooperation of Ancor Communications, Minneapolis, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Felsner, Stefan

    Storage Area Network Optimization A cooperation of Ancor Communications, Minneapolis, USA and Freie The Storage Area Network Optimization Project (SANO) is a cooperation of Ancor Communications (now QLogic for server-to-storage and server-to-server networking have been the focus of much attention during the 90s

  10. A Voltage Controlled Nano Addressing Circuit University of Texas, San Antonio TX 78249, USA,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Bao

    A Voltage Controlled Nano Addressing Circuit Bao Liu University of Texas, San Antonio TX 78249, USA, Abstract. A voltage controlled nano addressing circuit is proposed, which (1) improves yield and enables aggressive scaling with no require- ment of precise layout design, (2) achieves precision of addressing

  11. Topography affected landscape fire history patterns in southern Arizona, USA Jose M. Iniguez a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Topography affected landscape fire history patterns in southern Arizona, USA Jose M. Iniguez a frequent surface fires burned in forests of the western United States prior to Euro-American settlement influenced by stand (0.11 km2 ) and landscape (110 km2 ) scale topography. Such knowledge would inform

  12. Peak discharge of a Pleistocene lava-dam outburst flood in Grand Canyon, Arizona, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Received 6 May 2005 Availble online 7 February 2006 Abstract The failure of a lava dam 165,000 yr ago dam-failure and unsteady flow modeling to estimate a peak discharge and flow hydrograph. FailurePeak discharge of a Pleistocene lava-dam outburst flood in Grand Canyon, Arizona, USA Cassandra R

  13. Switchgrass Biomass Production in the Midwest USA: Harvest and Nitrogen Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    Switchgrass Biomass Production in the Midwest USA: Harvest and Nitrogen Management Kenneth P. Vogel.,for switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) grown as a biomass or bioen- 1998; Brejda, 2000; Muir et al., 2001). The N and N rates for biomass produc- ment of switchgrass used for hay or grazing largely de- tion

  14. Ecological Modelling 187 (2005) 179200 Eutrophication model for Lake Washington (USA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arhonditsis, George B.

    Ecological Modelling 187 (2005) 179­200 Eutrophication model for Lake Washington (USA) Part II Abstract We developed a complex eutrophication model to simulate the current chemical and biological of the present eutrophication model with a hydrodynamic model with enhanced vertical resolution will allow more

  15. BRYOPHYTES OF ADJACENT SERPENTINE AND GRANITE OUTCROPS ON THE DEER ISLES, MAINE, U.S.A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajakaruna, Nishanta

    BRYOPHYTES OF ADJACENT SERPENTINE AND GRANITE OUTCROPS ON THE DEER ISLES, MAINE, U.S.A. LAURA R. E ultramafic rocks. This paper compares the bryophyte floras of both a peridotite and a granite outcrop from both sites. Fifty-five species were found, 43 on serpentine, 26 on granite. Fourteen species were

  16. OBIS-USA: A Data-Sharing Legacy of the Census of Marine Life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sedberry, George R.; Fautin, Daphne G.; Feldman, Michael; Fornwal, Mark D.; Goldstein, Philip; Guralnick, Robert P.

    2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on biological collections in marine waters of the United States and other areas where US investigators have collected data and, in some instances, specimens. OBIS-USA delivers its data to OBIS international, which then delivers its data to the Global...

  17. 2228 Engineering Hall 1415 Engineering Drive Madison, Wisconsin 53706-1607 USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    2228 Engineering Hall 1415 Engineering Drive Madison, Wisconsin 53706-1607 USA Phone: +1 (608) 262 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering New Jersey Institute of Technology Friday, 16 March 2012 9:30 AM in Room 2321 Engineering Hall Me, Myself and I ­ a woman in engineering (life overview) with Q

  18. Electrical impedance tomography and Calderon's Department of Mathematics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uhlmann, Gunther

    Electrical impedance tomography and Calderon's problem G Uhlmann Department of Mathematics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA E-mail: gunther@math.washington.edu Abstract. We survey mathematical developments in the inverse method of Electrical Impedance Tomography which consists

  19. Energetic-Particle-Induced Geodesic Acoustic Mode Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Princeton, New Jersey 08543, USA (Received 24 June 2008; published 30 October 2008) A new energetic particle that energetic particles can indeed excite a new GAM-like mode via free energy associated with velocity space, the new mode, to be called EGAM (for energetic- particle-induced GAM), is intrinsically an energetic parti

  20. 2008 European PV Conference, Valencia, Spain COMPARISON OF SOLAR RADIATION FORECASTS FOR THE USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perez, Richard R.

    2008 European PV Conference, Valencia, Spain COMPARISON OF SOLAR RADIATION FORECASTS FOR THE USA J models 1 INTRODUCTION Solar radiation and PV production forecasts are becoming increasingly important/) three teams of experts are benchmarking their solar radiation forecast against ground truth data

  1. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Vol. 27, No. 8, pp. 16911697, 2008 Printed in the USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levinton, Jeffrey

    concentrations in muscle tissue for five species of fish (striped bass, yellow perch, largemouth bass, smallmouth in fish from New York Harbor waters to the midHudson River. Striped bass and yellow perch showed CONCENTRATIONS IN MUSCLE TISSUE IN FIVE SPECIES OF HUDSON RIVER, USA, FISH JEFFREY S. LEVINTON* and SHARON T

  2. 2008 IEEE Swarm Intelligence Symposium St. Louis MO USA, September 21-23, 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Havens, Timothy

    2008 IEEE Swarm Intelligence Symposium St. Louis MO USA, September 21-23, 2008 Roach Infestation of the PSO algorithm, entitled Roach Infestation Optimization (RIO), that is inspired by recent discoveries discoveries in the behavior of cockroaches are the inspiration for our proposed algorithm, Roach Infestation

  3. ORIGINAL PAPER Arctic fisheries catches in Russia, USA, and Canada: baselines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pauly, Daniel

    years due to climate change. The Arctic is one of the last and most extensive ocean wilderness areas climate change pressures, is considerable. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization's (FAOORIGINAL PAPER Arctic fisheries catches in Russia, USA, and Canada: baselines for neglected

  4. Stream Restoration in the Upper Midwest, U.S.A. Gretchen G. Alexander1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allan, David

    Stream Restoration in the Upper Midwest, U.S.A. Gretchen G. Alexander1 and J. David Allan1,2 Abstract Restoration activities intended to improve the condition of streams and rivers are widespread types of activities and their effectiveness. We developed a database of 1,345 stream restoration

  5. Hot Dry Rock Geothermal Energy Development in the USA David Duchane and Donald Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Hot Dry Rock Geothermal Energy Development in the USA by David Duchane and Donald Brown Los of the world's store of geothermal energy. The real potential for growth in the use of geothermal energy lies-engineered geothermal reservoir in hot, crystalline rock by the application of hydraulic fracturing techniques

  6. SOIL TEST CALIBRATION WORK IN SOUTHERN USA Leticia S. Sonon and Hailin Zhang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SOIL TEST CALIBRATION WORK IN SOUTHERN USA Leticia S. Sonon and Hailin Zhang Introduction Sound soil test calibration is essential for successful fertilization program and crop production. It is essential that the results of soil tests be calibrated against crop responses from applications of the plant

  7. Research article Post-fire aspen seedling recruitment across the Yellowstone (USA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, Monica G.

    Research article Post-fire aspen seedling recruitment across the Yellowstone (USA) Landscape Monica extrapolation, Spatial heterogeneity Abstract Landscape patterns of quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides) seedling surveyed for aspen seedlings on the sub- alpine plateau of the Park, along gradients of elevation

  8. Concrete as a Green Building Material Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyer, Christian

    Concrete as a Green Building Material C. Meyer Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA to make it suitable as a "Green Building" material. Foremost and most successful in this regard is the use of the Green Building movement in North America is already changing the economic landscape and the factors

  9. 2000 JAPAN-USA Symposium on Flexible Automation July 23-26, 2000, Ann Arbor, MI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saitou, Kazuhiro "Kazu"

    2000 JAPAN-USA Symposium on Flexible Automation July 23-26, 2000, Ann Arbor, MI 2000JUSFA-US1 OFF-LINE ERROR RECOVERY LOGIC SYNTHESIS IN AUTOMATED ASSEMBLY LINES BY USING GENETIC PROGRAMMING Cem M. Baydar by the experts or automated error recovery logic controllers embedded in the system. The previous work

  10. REPRODUCTIVE LONGEVITY OF DRIFTING KELP MACROCYSTIS PYRIFERA (PHAEOPHYCEAE) IN MONTEREY BAY, USA1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    REPRODUCTIVE LONGEVITY OF DRIFTING KELP MACROCYSTIS PYRIFERA (PHAEOPHYCEAE) IN MONTEREY BAY, USA1 index words: dispersal; drifting; germination; kelp; longevity; Macrocystis; Monterey Bay; rafts, especially for seaweeds (Norton 1992, Eckman 1996, Kinlan and Gaines 2003, Reed et al. 2006). The giant kelp

  11. The `benchmark glacier' concept does it work? Lessons from the North Cascade Range, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fountain, Andrew G.

    The `benchmark glacier' concept does it work? Lessons from the North Cascade Range, USA Andrew G glaciers were established in many alpine areas during the 1960s as part of the International Hydrological Decade to represent `typical' mass and energy processes on glaciers in different climatic regions around

  12. Proceedings of ICAPP '06 Reno, NV USA, June 4-8, 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Proceedings of ICAPP '06 Reno, NV USA, June 4-8, 2006 Paper 6132 Fast Thorium Molten Salt Reactors Thorium, in Pressurized Water or Fast Neutrons Reactors. Two alternatives to produce 233 U are examined Gradignan Cedex, France Abstract One of the pending questions concerning Molten Salt Reactors based

  13. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Vol. 28, No. 6, pp. 11111119, 2009 Printed in the USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trumble, John T.

    Parasitoids Air pollutants Heavy metals Metalloids INTRODUCTION Insect parasitoids (insects living parasitoids in terrestrial environments, including the air pollutants ozone (O3), sulfur oxides (SOx in the USA 0730-7268/09 $12.00 .00 Critical Review EFFECTS OF TERRESTRIAL POLLUTANTS ON INSECT PARASITOIDS

  14. Proc. NatL Acad. Sci. USA Vol. 80, pp. 2524-2528, May 1983

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ausubel, Frederick M.

    Proc. NatL Acad. Sci. USA Vol. 80, pp. 2524-2528, May 1983 Biochemistry Promoters regulated regulation/positive activation) DAVID W. OW*t, VENKATESAN SUNDARESAN*t, DAVID M. ROTHSTEINt, SUSAN E. BROWN, Massachusetts 02138; and tDepartment of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts

  15. THERMAL PROPERTIES AND PROCESSES D Hillel, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - lengths, is proportional to the fourth power of the absolute temperature Tof the body's surface. This lawTHERMAL PROPERTIES AND PROCESSES D Hillel, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA ? 2005, Elsevier, and microbial activity. Soil temperature varies in response to changes in the radiant, thermal, and latent

  16. Evidence for periodic, Holocene loess deposition in kettles in a sandy, interlobate landscape, Michigan, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaetzl, Randall

    , Michigan, USA Trevor Hobbs, Randall J. Schaetzl , Michael D. Luehmann Department of Geography, Michigan-continental North America, but are rare in Michigan, and most loess found in this region is of last-glacial age. We kettled, interlobate upland in southern Michigan, which we named the Evart Upland, for its location near

  17. Pedro M. Castro Iiro Harjunkoski Ignacio E. Grossmann Lisbon, Portugal Ladenburg, Germany Pittsburgh, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    Pittsburgh, USA 1 #12; Process operations are often subject to energy constraints Heating and cooling supplier and plants Energy cost [/kWh] Varies up to factor of 5 during the day Maximum power consumption to keep in storage? Meet product demands (multiple due dates for each product) Minimize total energy

  18. Contributions to the FEL2000 Conference, August 13-18, 2000 in Durham, North Carolina USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Contributions to the FEL2000 Conference, August 13-18, 2000 in Durham, North Carolina USA October 2000, TESLA-FEL 2000-05 #12;Contents B. Faatz, J. P uger, DESY, Germany Di erent focusing solutions for the TTF-FEL undulator: : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 1 B. Faatza, A.A. Fateevb, J. Feldhausa, J

  19. Contributions to the FEL2002 Conference, September 9-13, 2002 in Argonne, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Contributions to the FEL2002 Conference, September 9-13, 2002 in Argonne, USA October 2002, TESLA-FEL of the statistical properties of the radiation from a VUV SASE FEL operating in the femtosecond regime of Statistical Properties of the Third Harmonic of the SASE FEL Radiation

  20. JOURNALOF NEUROPHYSIOLOGY Vol. 76, No. 3, September 1996. Printed in U.S.A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Luca, Carlo J.

    JOURNALOF NEUROPHYSIOLOGY Vol. 76, No. 3, September 1996. Printed in U.S.A. Motor Unit Control the physiological range of motor unit recruitment (at 80% of maximal effort) revealed the same decreasing trend observed in mean firing rates of motor units in the first 8- 15 s of isometric constant-force contractions

  1. Proceedings IGLC-15, July 2007, Michigan, USA LOGISTICS CENTERS TO SUPPORT PROJECT-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaminsky, Philip M.

    181 Proceedings IGLC-15, July 2007, Michigan, USA LOGISTICS CENTERS TO SUPPORT PROJECT- BASED. Managing logistics is one component at the core of such strategies. An effective logistics system ensures and rewarding all participants based on value added to the supply chain. As a component of a logistics system

  2. Forest fuel mapping and evaluation of LANDFIRE fuel maps in Boulder County, Colorado, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephens, Scott L.

    Forest fuel mapping and evaluation of LANDFIRE fuel maps in Boulder County, Colorado, USA Kevin fuels to accumulate where previously frequent fires prevailed (Covington and Moore, 1994; Caprio management and mitigation is quantifying the fuel load and spatial arrangement of combustible material across

  3. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA Vol. 94, pp. 565568, January 1997

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    statistical pattern recognition. Substantial improvements have been made (with only 9 discriminant variables. & Mural, R. J. (1991) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 88, 1126111265] (based on neural networks). A computer program called MZEF is freely available to the genome com- munity and allows users to adjust prior

  4. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA Vol. 94, pp. 1423714242, December 1997

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frydman, Lucio

    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA Vol. 94, pp. 14237­14242, December 1997 Chemistry Solid and liquid phase 60607 Communicated by Alexander Pines, University of California, Berkeley, CA, October 15, 1997 (received for review July 31, 1997) ABSTRACT We describe the application of 59 Co NMR to the study

  5. Tree rings and multiseason drought variability in the lower Rio Grande Basin, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Castro, Christopher L.

    compound the effect of droughts, impact natural vegetation and phenological responses, and exacerbate waterTree rings and multiseason drought variability in the lower Rio Grande Basin, USA C. A. Woodhouse,1 9 January 2013; published 8 February 2013. [1] Agriculture and ranching in semiarid regions often

  6. ICDERS July 2429, 2011 Irvine, USA An Empirical Model for the Ignition of Aluminum Particle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    23rd ICDERS July 2429, 2011 Irvine, USA An Empirical Model for the Ignition of Aluminum Particle of aluminum particle clouds is developed and applied to the study of particle ignition and combustion behavior as cloud concentration effects on ignition. The total mass of aluminum that burns is found to depend

  7. A Sectoral Prospective Analysis of CO2 Emissions in China, USA and France, 2010-2050

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 A Sectoral Prospective Analysis of CO2 Emissions in China, USA and France, 2010-2050 Pascal da mitigation targets for CO2 emissions, which reflect their own specific situations. In this article, scenarios for CO2 emissions up to 2050 are set up for three representative countries: the United States of America

  8. Towards demonstration of electron cooling with bunched electron beam

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fedotov, A.

    2012-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

    All electron cooling systems which were in operation so far employed electron beam generated with an electrostatic electron gun in DC operating mode, immersed in a longitudinal magnetic field. At low energies magnetic field is also being used to transport electron beam through the cooling section from the gun to the collector. At higher energies (few MeV), it was shown that one can have simpler electron beam transport without continuous magnetic field. Because of a rather weak magnetic field on the cathode and in the cooling section the latter approach was referred to as 'non-magnetized cooling', since there was no suppression of the transverse angular spread of the electron beam with the magnetic field in the cooling section. Such a cooler successfully operated at FNAL (2005-11) at electron beam energy of 4.3 MeV. Providing cooling at even higher energies would be easier with RF acceleration of electron beam, and thus using bunched electron beam for cooling. Significant efforts were devoted to explore various aspects of such bunched electron beam cooling as part of R and D of high-energy electron cooling for RHIC. However, experimental studies of such cooling are still lacking. Establishing this technique experimentally would be extremely useful for future high-energy applications. Presently there is an ongoing effort to build Proof-of-Principle (PoP) experiment of Coherent Electron Cooling (CEC) at RHIC, which promises to be superior to conventional electron cooling for high energies. Since the CEC experiment is based on bunched electron beam and it has sections where electron beam co-propagates with the ion beam at the same velocity, it also provides a unique opportunity to explore experimentally conventional electron cooling but for the first time with a bunched electron beam. As a result, it allows us to explore techniques needed for the high-energy electron cooling such as 'painting' with a short electron beam and control of ion beam distribution under cooling which is essential if cooling is provided in a collider. The software needed for comparison with the experiments is already developed as part of the previous high-energy electron cooling studies for RHIC. Since electron beam will be non-magnetized and there will be no magnetic field in the cooling section it will be also a first demonstration of fully non-magnetized cooling. The purpose of these studies was to explore whether we would be able to observe conventional electron cooling with parameters expected in the CEC PoP experiment. Below we summarize requirements on electron beam and cooling section needed for such demonstration.

  9. ELECTRONIC PROOF OF SERVICE LIST and ELECTRONIC DISTRIBUTION LIST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION ELECTRONIC PROOF OF SERVICE LIST and ELECTRONIC DISTRIBUTION LIST@powereng.com David Tateosian, Power Engineers allanori@comcast.net Alan Thompson, Applicant's Attorney I declare

  10. Electronic structure and transport in molecular and nanoscale electronics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qian, Xiaofeng

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Two approaches based on first-principles method are developed to qualitatively and quantitatively study electronic structure and phase-coherent transport in molecular and nanoscale electronics, where both quantum mechanical ...

  11. S. Guha, J. Yang, A. Banerjee, K. Hoffman, S. Sugiyama, and J. Call United Solar Systems Corp., Troy, Michigan 48084 USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deng, Xunming

    ., Troy, Michigan 48084 USA S. J. Jones, X. Deng, J. Doehler, M. lzu, and H. 6. Ovshinsky Energy Conversion Devices, Inc., Troy, Michigan 48084 USA spectral-splitting, triple-junction a-S alloy solar cell

  12. Single electron beam rf feedback free electron laser

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brau, C.A.; Stein, W.E.; Rockwood, S.D.

    1981-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

    A free electron laser system and electron beam system for a free electron laser which uses rf feedback to enhance efficiency are described. Rf energy is extracted from a single electron beam by decelerating cavities and energy is returned to accelerating cavities using rf returns, such as rf waveguides, rf feedthroughs, resonant feedthroughs, etc. This rf energy is added to rf klystron energy to reduce the required input energy and thereby enhance energy efficiency of the system.

  13. Ultrafast Time-Resolved Electron Diffraction with Megavolt Electron Beams

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hastings, J.B.; /SLAC; Rudakov, F.M.; /Brown U.; Dowell, D.H.; Schmerge, J.F.; /SLAC; Cardoza, J.D.; /Brown U.; Castro, J.M.; Gierman, S.M.; Loos, H.; /SLAC; Weber, P.M.; /Brown U.

    2006-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

    An rf photocathode electron gun is used as an electron source for ultrafast time-resolved pump-probe electron diffraction. We observed single-shot diffraction patterns from a 160 nm Al foil using the 5.4 MeV electron beam from the Gun Test Facility at the Stanford Linear Accelerator. Excellent agreement with simulations suggests that single-shot diffraction experiments with a time resolution approaching 100 fs are possible.

  14. Electron screening in nickel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gajevic, Jelena; Lipoglavsek, Matej; Petrovic, Toni; Pelicon, Primoz [Jozef Stefan Institute, Jamova cesta 39, Ljubljana (Slovenia); Jozef Stefan Institute, Jamova cesta 39, Ljubljana (Slovenia) and Cosylab d.d, Teslova ulica 30, Ljubljana (Slovenia); Jozef Stefan Institute, Jamova cesta 39, Ljubljana (Slovenia)

    2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to further investigate electron screening phenomenon we studied proton induced nuclear reactions over an energy range from 1.35 to 3.08 MeV for different environments: Ni metal and NiO insulator. The measurements were based on observation of the {gamma}-ray yields of {sup 59,61,63,64,65}Cu and {sup 58,60,62}Ni. Also, we have studied the decay of {sup 61}Cu produced in the reaction {sup 60}Ni(p,{gamma}), in order to find a possible decay rate perturbation by atomic electrons and found a small difference in half-life for metallic compared to oxide environment, respectively. The present results clearly show that the metallic environment affects the fusion reactions at low energy and that it might also affect the decay rate.

  15. Power electronics reliability.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kaplar, Robert James; Brock, Reinhard C.; Marinella, Matthew; King, Michael Patrick; Stanley, James K.; Smith, Mark A.; Atcitty, Stanley

    2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The project's goals are: (1) use experiments and modeling to investigate and characterize stress-related failure modes of post-silicon power electronic (PE) devices such as silicon carbide (SiC) and gallium nitride (GaN) switches; and (2) seek opportunities for condition monitoring (CM) and prognostics and health management (PHM) to further enhance the reliability of power electronics devices and equipment. CM - detect anomalies and diagnose problems that require maintenance. PHM - track damage growth, predict time to failure, and manage subsequent maintenance and operations in such a way to optimize overall system utility against cost. The benefits of CM/PHM are: (1) operate power conversion systems in ways that will preclude predicted failures; (2) reduce unscheduled downtime and thereby reduce costs; and (3) pioneering reliability in SiC and GaN.

  16. Xyce parallel electronic simulator.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keiter, Eric Richard; Mei, Ting; Russo, Thomas V.; Rankin, Eric Lamont; Schiek, Richard Louis; Thornquist, Heidi K.; Fixel, Deborah A.; Coffey, Todd Stirling; Pawlowski, Roger Patrick; Santarelli, Keith R.

    2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document is a reference guide to the Xyce Parallel Electronic Simulator, and is a companion document to the Xyce Users' Guide. The focus of this document is (to the extent possible) exhaustively list device parameters, solver options, parser options, and other usage details of Xyce. This document is not intended to be a tutorial. Users who are new to circuit simulation are better served by the Xyce Users' Guide.

  17. Electronic Travel Documents (VE5,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Austin, University of

    Electronic Travel Documents (VE5, VE6, VP5) 512-471-8802 askUS@austin.utexas.edu www ................................................................................................. 10 III. ELECTRONIC RTA - CORRECTION DOCUMENT (VE6 ......................................................................................... 36 C. TRAVEL MANAGEMENT SERVICES

  18. 21 -11-2013 A. Cattaneo (Scuola Normale Superiore, Italy) 27 -02 -2014 G. Gigli (IIT, Italy) 28 -11-2013 T. Jessel (Columbia University, USA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    , Italy) 28 - 11- 2013 T. Jessel (Columbia University, USA) 06 - 03 - 2014 J. Millan (EPFL, Switzerland (Columbia University, USA) 09 - 01 - 2014 K. Gross (EMBL, Italy) 27 - 03 - 2014 Mario De Caro (Università of Parma, Italy) 28 - 11- 2013 T. Jessel (Columbia University, USA) 27 - 02 - 2014 G. Gigli (IIT, Italy) 02

  19. Measurements of Solid Liner Implosion for Magnetized Target Fusion IC R. Siemon, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA rsiemon@lanl.gov Data are presented on the implosion Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA 87545 E-mail: rsiemon@lanl.gov J. DEGNAN, D. GALE, W. SOMMARS, S. COFFEY, Air Force Research Laboratory, Kirtland Air Force Base, New Mexico, USA 87117

  20. Transmission electron microscope CCD camera

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Downing, Kenneth H. (Lafayette, CA)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to improve the performance of a CCD camera on a high voltage electron microscope, an electron decelerator is inserted between the microscope column and the CCD. This arrangement optimizes the interaction of the electron beam with the scintillator of the CCD camera while retaining optimization of the microscope optics and of the interaction of the beam with the specimen. Changing the electron beam energy between the specimen and camera allows both to be optimized.

  1. Rf Feedback free electron laser

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brau, Charles A. (Los Alamos, NM); Swenson, Donald A. (Los Alamos, NM); Boyd, Jr., Thomas J. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A free electron laser system and electron beam system for a free electron laser which use rf feedback to enhance efficiency. Rf energy is extracted from an electron beam by decelerating cavities and returned to accelerating cavities using rf returns such as rf waveguides, rf feedthroughs, etc. This rf energy is added to rf klystron energy to lower the required input energy and thereby enhance energy efficiency of the system.

  2. Unbalanced field RF electron gun

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hofler, Alicia

    2013-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

    A design for an RF electron gun having a gun cavity utilizing an unbalanced electric field arrangement. Essentially, the electric field in the first (partial) cell has higher field strength than the electric field in the second (full) cell of the electron gun. The accompanying method discloses the use of the unbalanced field arrangement in the operation of an RF electron gun in order to accelerate an electron beam.

  3. Standards for Power Electronic Components

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Standards for Power Electronic Components and Systems EPE 14 ECCE Europe Dr Peter R. Wilson #12;Session Outline "Standards for Power Electronic Components and Systems" Peter Wilson, IEEE PELS Electronics where next? Wide Band Gap Devices SiC, GaN etc... Transformers (ETTT) Power Modules

  4. ELECTRONIC FUEL INJECTION DIESEL LOCOMOTIVES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jagannatham, Aditya K.

    ELECTRONIC FUEL INJECTION FOR DIESEL LOCOMOTIVES 13 August, 2011 Diesel Loco Modernisation Works, Patiala #12;ELECTRONIC FUEL INJECTION FOR DIESEL LOCOMOTIVES A Milestone in Green Initiatives by Indian Diesel Locomotive equipped with "Electronic Fuel Injection (EFI)" was turned out by the Diesel Loco

  5. electronic properties of complex systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giraud, Olivier

    ;Towards electronic properties of complex systems C. Giorgetti Interest in Photovoltaic Conductance within ab initio framework size of the systems limited but predicative can include many-body effectsTowards electronic properties of complex systems C. Giorgetti Towards electronic properties

  6. A pulsed electron gun for ultrafast electron diffraction at surfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Janzen, A.; Krenzer, B.; Heinz, O.; Zhou, P.; Thien, D.; Hanisch, A.; Meyer zu Heringdorf, F.-J.; Linde, D. von der; Horn von Hoegen, M. [Department of Physics and Centre for Nanointegration (CeNIDE), University of Duisburg-Essen, 47048 Duisburg (Germany)

    2007-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The construction of a pulsed electron gun for ultrafast reflection high-energy electron diffraction experiments at surfaces is reported. Special emphasis is placed on the characterization of the electron source: a photocathode, consisting of a 10 nm thin Au film deposited onto a sapphire substrate. Electron pulses are generated by the illumination of the film with ultraviolet laser pulses of femtosecond duration. The photoelectrons are emitted homogeneously across the photocathode with an energy distribution of 0.1 eV width. After leaving the Au film, the electrons are accelerated to kinetic energies of up to 15 keV. Focusing is accomplished by an electrostatic lens. The temporal resolution of the experiment is determined by the probing time of the electrons traveling across the surface which is about 30 ps. However, the duration of the electron pulses can be reduced to less than 6 ps.

  7. John H. Golbeck, The Pennsylvania State University, USA (Ed.) Photosystem I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Govindjee "Gov"

    architecture, protein-pigment interactions, excitation and electron transfer dynamics, protein-Protein Interactions.- Excitation Dynamics and Electron Transfer Processes.- Modification of the Cofactors in the biophysics, biochemistry, and molecular biology of the light-driven plastocyanin:ferredoxin oxidoreductase

  8. Inkjet printed electronics using copper nanoparticle ink

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kang, Jin Sung; Kim, Hak Sung; Ryu, Jongeun; Thomas Hahn, H.; Jang, Seonhee; Joung, Jae Woo

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    providing printed electronics using copper nanoparticles.0049-3 Inkjet printed electronics using copper nanoparticleand quality of the printed electronics. In this paper, we

  9. China's Defense Electronics and Information Technology Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RAGLAND, LeighAnn; MCREYNOLDS, Joe; GEARY, Debra

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2013 Chinas Defense Electronics and Information Technologythe Chinese defense electronics and information technology (is moving the defense electronics and IT industry toward

  10. Electron microscope studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crewe, A.V.; Kapp, O.H.

    1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is a report covering the research performed in the Crewe laboratory between 1964 and 1992. Because of limitations of space we have provided relatively brief summaries of the major research directions of the facility during these years. A complete bibliography has been included and we have referenced groups of pertinent publications at the beginning of each section. This report summarizes our efforts to develop better electron microscopes and chronicles many of the experimental programs, in materials science and biology, that acted both as a stimulus to better microscope design and also as a testing ground for many instrumental innovations.

  11. Electronic Recordkeeping System Questionnaire

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube|6721 Federal Register / Vol.6:Energy|Electrifying YourElectronic Docket

  12. Electron Microscopy Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItem NotEnergy,ARMFormsGasRelease Date:research communityElectricityLicensing -Electron

  13. Electron Heat Transport Measured

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField Campaign:INEAWater UseC Supports - Energy BernsteinElectron

  14. Controlling Graphene's Electronic Structure

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power Administration would likeConstitution AndControlling Graphene's Electronic Structure

  15. EnergyGauge USA: A Residential Building Energy Simulation Design Tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fairey, P.; Vieira, R. K.; Parker, D. S.; Hanson, B.; Broman, P. A.; Grant, J. B.; Fuehrlein, B.; Gu, L.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of EnergyGauge USA with significant impact on measures that effect sensible loads. The development of the new correlations is described in Henderson (1998a) and is based on empirical assessment of current generation heating and cooling equipment... moisture capacitance model for the simulation to damp out unrealistic variations in air enthalpy that were observed with the current model. The model, described in Henderson (1998b) assumes that the building has a moisture capacitance that is twenty...

  16. Estimates of the Global Indirect Energy-Use Emission Impacts of USA Biofuel Policy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oladosu, Gbadebo A [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper evaluates the indirect energy-use emission implications of increases in the use of biofuels in the USA between 2001 and 2010 as mandates within a dynamic global computable general equilibrium model. The study incorporates explicit markets for biofuels, petroleum and other fossil fuels, and accounts for interactions among all sectors of an 18-region global economy. It considers bilateral trade, as well as the dynamics of capital allocation and investment. Simulation results show that the biofuel mandates in the USA generate an overall reduction in global energy use and emissions over the simulation period from 2001 to 2030. Consequently, the indirect energy-use emission change or emission leakage under the mandate is negative. That is, global emission reductions are larger than the direct emission savings from replacing petroleum with biofuels under the USA RFS2 over the last decade. Under our principal scenario this enhanced the direct emission reduction from biofuels by about 66%. The global change in lifecycle energy-use emissions for this scenario was estimated to be about 93 million tons of CO2e in 2010, 45 million tons of CO2e in 2020, and an increase of 5 million tons of CO2e in 2030, relative to the baseline scenario. Sensitivity results of six alternative scenarios provided additional insights into the pattern of the regional and global effects of biofuel mandates on energy-use emissions.

  17. Spreader Design for FERMI@Elettra Free Electron Laser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Berkeley, CA 94720, USA 2) Sincrotrone Trieste , 34012Basovizza, Trieste, Italy Abstract In this note we describe

  18. Electronic security device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Eschbach, Eugene A. (Richland, WA); LeBlanc, Edward J. (Kennewick, WA); Griffin, Jeffrey W. (Kennewick, WA)

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention relates to a security device having a control box (12) containing an electronic system (50) and a communications loop (14) over which the system transmits a signal. The device is constructed so that the communications loop can extend from the control box across the boundary of a portal such as a door into a sealed enclosure into which access is restricted whereby the loop must be damaged or moved in order for an entry to be made into the enclosure. The device is adapted for detecting unauthorized entries into such enclosures such as rooms or containers and for recording the time at which such entries occur for later reference. Additionally, the device detects attempts to tamper or interfere with the operation of the device itself and records the time at which such events take place. In the preferred embodiment, the security device includes a microprocessor-based electronic system (50) and a detection module (72) capable of registering changes in the voltage and phase of the signal transmitted over the loop.

  19. Electronic security device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Eschbach, E.A.; LeBlanc, E.J.; Griffin, J.W.

    1992-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention relates to a security device having a control box containing an electronic system and a communications loop over which the system transmits a signal. The device is constructed so that the communications loop can extend from the control box across the boundary of a portal such as a door into a sealed enclosure into which access is restricted whereby the loop must be damaged or moved in order for an entry to be made into the enclosure. The device is adapted for detecting unauthorized entries into such enclosures such as rooms or containers and for recording the time at which such entries occur for later reference. Additionally, the device detects attempts to tamper or interfere with the operation of the device itself and records the time at which such events take place. In the preferred embodiment, the security device includes a microprocessor-based electronic system and a detection module capable of registering changes in the voltage and phase of the signal transmitted over the loop. 11 figs.

  20. DVD Based Electronic Pulser

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morris, Scott J.; Pratt, Rick M.; Hughes, Michael A.; Kouzes, Richard T.; Pitts, W. K.; Robinson, Eric

    2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article describes the design, construction, and testing of a digital versatile disc (DVD) based electronic pulser system (DVDEPS). Such a device is used to generate pulse streams for simulation of both gamma and neutron detector systems. The DVDEPS reproduces a random pulse stream of a full high purity germanium (HPGe) spectrum as well as a digital pulse stream representing the output of a neutron multiplicity detector. The exchangeable DVD media contains over an hour of data for both detector systems and can contain an arbitrary gamma spectrum and neutron pulse stream. The data is written to the DVD using a desktop computer program from either real or simulated spectra. The targeted use of the DVDEPS is authentication or validation of monitoring equipment for non-proliferation purposes, but it is also of general use in a variety of sitiuations. The DVD based pulser combines the storage capacity and simplicity of DVD technology with commonly available electronic components to build a relatively inexpensive yet highly capable testing instrument.

  1. Electron-acoustic_solitary_structures_in_two-electron-temperature_plasma_with_superthermal_electrons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, H

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The propagation of nonlinear electron- acoustic waves (EAWs) in an unmagnetized collision- less plasma system consisting of a cold electron fluid, superthermal hot electrons and stationary ions is investigated. A reductive perturbation method is employed to obtain a modified Korteweg-de Vries (mKdV) equa- tion for the first-order potential. The small amplitude electron-acoustic solitary wave, e.g., soliton and dou- ble layer (DL) solutions are presented, and the effects of superthermal electrons on the nature of the solitons are also discussed. But the results shows that the weak stationary EA DLs cannot be supported by the present model.

  2. Electron Cyclotron Emission Measurements on JET: Michelson Interferometer, New Absolute Calibration and Determination of Electron Temperature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Electron Cyclotron Emission Measurements on JET: Michelson Interferometer, New Absolute Calibration and Determination of Electron Temperature

  3. Bear Head LNG Corporation and Bear Head LNG (USA), LLC FE Docket No. 15-14-NG

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On January 23, 2015, Bear Head LNG Corporation and Bear Head LNG (USA), LLC (together, Bear Head LNG), filed an application for long-term, multi-contract authorization to engage in imports from,...

  4. Bear Head LNG Corporation and Bear Head LNG (USA), LLC- FE Dkt No. 15-14-NG

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On January 23, 2015, Bear Head LNG Corporation and Bear Head LNG (USA), LLC (together, Bear Head LNG), filed an application for long-term, multi-contract authorization to engage in imports from,...

  5. Proceedings -19th International Conference -IEEE/EMBSOct. 30 -Nov. 2, 1997Chicago, IL. USA MICROFABRICATED DEVICE FOR ARTERIAL WALL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiss, Lee E.

    coronary intervention is currently used to treat coronary atherosclerosis but is plagued by restenosis, F-392 PUH, 200 Lothrop St., Pittsburgh, PA 15213USA (*email:knelle@card2.cath.upmc.edu) . Abstract-Percutaneous

  6. Impact of electron irradiation on electron holographic potentiometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, J. B.; Niermann, T.; Lehmann, M. [Technische Universitt Berlin, Institut fr Optik und Atomare Physik, Strae des 17. Juni 135, 10623 Berlin (Germany); Berger, D. [Technische Universitt Berlin, Zentraleinrichtung fr Elektronenmikroskopie, Strae des 17. Juni 135, 10623 Berlin (Germany); Knauer, A.; Weyers, M. [Ferdinand-Braun-Institut, Leibnitz-Institut fr Hchstfrequenztechnik, Gustav-Kirchhoff-Str. 4, 12489 Berlin (Germany); Koslow, I.; Kneissl, M. [Ferdinand-Braun-Institut, Leibnitz-Institut fr Hchstfrequenztechnik, Gustav-Kirchhoff-Str. 4, 12489 Berlin (Germany); Technische Universitt Berlin, Institut fr Festkrperphysik, Hardenbergstr. 36, 10623 Berlin (Germany)

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    While electron holography in the transmission electron microscope offers the possibility to measure maps of the electrostatic potential of semiconductors down to nanometer dimensions, these measurements are known to underestimate the absolute value of the potential, especially in GaN. We have varied the dose rates of electron irradiation over several orders of magnitude and observed strong variations of the holographically detected voltages. Overall, the results indicate that the electron beam generates electrical currents within the specimens primarily by the photovoltaic effect and due to secondary electron emission. These currents have to be considered for a quantitative interpretation of electron holographic measurements, as their negligence contributes to large parts in the observed discrepancy between the measured and expected potential values in GaN.

  7. Heavy electrons: Electron droplets generated by photogalvanic and pyroelectric effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Krasnoholovets; N. Kukhtarev; T. Kukhtareva

    2009-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Electron clusters, X-rays and nanosecond radio-frequency pulses are produced by 100 mW continuous-wave laser illuminating ferroelectric crystal of LiNbO_3. A long-living stable electron droplet with the size of about 100 mcm has freely moved with the velocity 0.5 cm/s in the air near the surface of the crystal experiencing the Earth gravitational field. The microscopic model of cluster stability, which is based on submicroscopic mechanics developed in the real physical space, is suggested. The role of a restraining force plays the inerton field, a substructure of the particles' matter waves, which a solitary one can elastically withstand the Coulomb repulsion of electrons. It is shown that electrons in the droplet are heavy electrons whose mass at least 1 million of times exceeds the rest mass of free electron. Application for X-ray imaging and lithography is discussed.

  8. Metal Photocathodes for Free Electron Laser Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greaves, Corin Michael Ricardo

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    an Undulator of a Free Electron Laser. Electrons tra- verseand et al. X-ray free-electron lasers. In: Journal ofiii List of Tables iv 1 The Free Electron Laser (FEL)

  9. Flexible Electronics: Materials, Circuits, and Design Methodology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Chris H.

    Electronics: Today Display Solar cell Battery 4 #12;Next Generation Flexible Electronics Problem: Traumatic system Proposed EEG system Electrode sheet Flexible electronics ... ... ... Next Generation FlexibleFlexible Electronics: Materials, Circuits, and Design Methodology Chris H. Kim Dept. of Electrical

  10. Radially Localized Measurements of Superthermal Electrons Using Oblique Electron Cyclotron Emission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radially Localized Measurements of Superthermal Electrons Using Oblique Electron Cyclotron Emission Electron Cyclotron Emission from superthermal electrons can be imposed by observation of emission upshifted diagnostic has been proposed and operated to make radially localized measurements of superthermal electrons

  11. Electronic Records Management Software Applications Design Criteria...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Electronic Records Management Software Applications Design Criteria Standard Electronic Records Management Software Applications Design Criteria Standard This Standard is reissued...

  12. Power electronics reliability analysis.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, Mark A.; Atcitty, Stanley

    2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report provides the DOE and industry with a general process for analyzing power electronics reliability. The analysis can help with understanding the main causes of failures, downtime, and cost and how to reduce them. One approach is to collect field maintenance data and use it directly to calculate reliability metrics related to each cause. Another approach is to model the functional structure of the equipment using a fault tree to derive system reliability from component reliability. Analysis of a fictitious device demonstrates the latter process. Optimization can use the resulting baseline model to decide how to improve reliability and/or lower costs. It is recommended that both electric utilities and equipment manufacturers make provisions to collect and share data in order to lay the groundwork for improving reliability into the future. Reliability analysis helps guide reliability improvements in hardware and software technology including condition monitoring and prognostics and health management.

  13. Personnel electronic neutron dosimeter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Falk, Roger B. (Lafayette, CO); Tyree, William H. (Boulder, CO)

    1984-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A personnel electronic dosimeter includes a neutron-proton and neutron-alpha converter for providing an electrical signal having a magnitude proportional to the energy of a detected proton or alpha particle produced from the converter, a pulse generator circuit for generating a pulse having a duration controlled by the weighed effect of the amplitude of the electrical signal, an oscillator enabled by the pulse for generating a train of clock pulses for a time dependent upon the pulse length, a counter for counting the clock pulses, and an indicator for providing a direct reading and aural alarm when the count indicates that the wearer has been exposed to a selected level of neutron dose equivalent.

  14. Personnel electronic neutron dosimeter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Falk, R.B.; Tyree, W.H.

    1982-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

    A personnel electronic dosimeter includes a neutron-proton and neutron-alpha converter for providing an electrical signal having a magnitude proportional to the energy of a detected proton or alpha particle produced from the converter, a pulse generator circuit for generating a pulse having a duration controlled by the weighed effect of the amplitude of the electrical signal, an oscillator enabled by the pulse for generating a train of clock pulses for a time dependent upon the pulse length, a counter for counting the clock pulses, and an indicator for providing a direct reading and aural alarm when the count indicates that the wearer has been exposed to a selected level of neutron dose equivalent.

  15. The nature of the electron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu-Hong Hu

    2005-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Through investigating history, evolution of the concept, and development in the theories of electrons, I am convinced that what was missing in our understanding of the electron is a structure, into which all attributes of the electron could be incorporated in a self-consistent way. It is hereby postulated that the topological structure of the electron is a closed two-turn Helix (a so-called Hubius Helix) that is generated by circulatory motion of a mass-less particle at the speed of light. A formulation is presented to describe an isolated electron at rest and at high speed. It is shown that the formulation is capable of incorporating most (if not all) attributes of the electron, including spin, magnetic moment, fine structure constant, anomalous magnetic moment, and charge quantization into one concrete description of the Hubius Helix. The equations for the description emerge accordingly. Implications elicited by the postulate are elaborated. Inadequacy of the formulation is discussed.

  16. Wisconsin SRF Electron Gun Commissioning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bisognano, Joseph J. [University of Wisconsin-Madison; Bissen, M. [University of Wisconsin-Madison; Bosch, R. [University of Wisconsin-Madison; Efremov, M. [University of Wisconsin-Madison; Eisert, D. [University of Wisconsin-Madison; Fisher, M. [University of Wisconsin-Madison; Green, M. [University of Wisconsin-Madison; Jacobs, K. [University of Wisconsin-Madison; Keil, R. [University of Wisconsin-Madison; Kleman, K. [University of Wisconsin-Madison; Rogers, G. [University of Wisconsin-Madison; Severson, M. [University of Wisconsin-Madison; Yavuz, D. D. [University of Wisconsin-Madison; Legg, Robert A. [JLAB; Bachimanchi, Ramakrishna [JLAB; Hovater, J. Curtis [JLAB; Plawski, Tomasz [JLAB; Powers, Thomas J. [JLAB

    2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The University of Wisconsin has completed fabrication and commissioning of a low frequency (199.6 MHz) superconducting electron gun based on a quarter wave resonator (QWR) cavity. Its concept was optimized to be the source for a CW free electron laser facility. The gun design includes active tuning and a high temperature superconducting solenoid. We will report on the status of the Wisconsin SRF electron gun program, including commissioning experience and first beam measurements.

  17. Power Electronics | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible forPortsmouth/Paducah Project OfficePower Electronics Power Electronics Power electronics

  18. Single electron states in polyethylene

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Y. [State Key Lab. of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, No. 28 Xianning West Road, Xi'an 710049, Shaanxi (China) [State Key Lab. of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, No. 28 Xianning West Road, Xi'an 710049, Shaanxi (China); School of Physics and Complex Adaptive Systems Laboratory, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); MacKernan, D. [School of Physics and Complex Adaptive Systems Laboratory, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland)] [School of Physics and Complex Adaptive Systems Laboratory, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); Cubero, D., E-mail: dcubero@us.es, E-mail: n.quirke@imperial.ac.uk [State Key Lab. of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, No. 28 Xianning West Road, Xi'an 710049, Shaanxi (China); Departmento de Fsica Aplicada I, Universidad de Sevilla, Calle Virgen de Africa 7, 41011 Seville (Spain); Coker, D. F. [School of Physics and Complex Adaptive Systems Laboratory, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland) [School of Physics and Complex Adaptive Systems Laboratory, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); Department of Chemistry, Boston University, 590 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02215 (United States); Quirke, N., E-mail: dcubero@us.es, E-mail: n.quirke@imperial.ac.uk [State Key Lab. of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, No. 28 Xianning West Road, Xi'an 710049, Shaanxi (China); Department of Chemistry, Imperial College, London SW7 2AY (United Kingdom)

    2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We report computer simulations of an excess electron in various structural motifs of polyethylene at room temperature, including lamellar and interfacial regions between amorphous and lamellae, as well as nanometre-sized voids. Electronic properties such as density of states, mobility edges, and mobilities are computed on the different phases using a block Lanczos algorithm. Our results suggest that the electronic density of states for a heterogeneous material can be approximated by summing the single phase density of states weighted by their corresponding volume fractions. Additionally, a quantitative connection between the localized states of the excess electron and the local atomic structure is presented.

  19. Materials Compatibility of Power Electronics

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Compatibility addresses the barriers & design criteria of automotive industry * Barriers to deployment of power electronics (PEs): weight, size,...

  20. Towards electron-electron entanglement in Penning traps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Lamata; D. Porras; J. I. Cirac; J. Goldman; G. Gabrielse

    2010-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Entanglement of isolated elementary particles other than photons has not yet been achieved. We show how building blocks demonstrated with one trapped electron might be used to make a model system and method for entangling two electrons. Applications are then considered, including two-qubit gates and more precise quantum metrology protocols.

  1. Fast electron microscopy via compressive sensing

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Larson, Kurt W; Anderson, Hyrum S; Wheeler, Jason W

    2014-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Various technologies described herein pertain to compressive sensing electron microscopy. A compressive sensing electron microscope includes a multi-beam generator and a detector. The multi-beam generator emits a sequence of electron patterns over time. Each of the electron patterns can include a plurality of electron beams, where the plurality of electron beams is configured to impart a spatially varying electron density on a sample. Further, the spatially varying electron density varies between each of the electron patterns in the sequence. Moreover, the detector collects signals respectively corresponding to interactions between the sample and each of the electron patterns in the sequence.

  2. The electron geodesic acoustic mode

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chakrabarti, N. [Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, 1/AF Bidhannagar, Calcutta 700 064 (India); Guzdar, P. N. [Institute for Research in Electronics and Applied Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States); Kaw, P. K. [Institute for Plasma Research Bhat, Gandhinagar 382428 (India)

    2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this report, a novel new mode, named the electron geodesic acoustic mode, is presented. This mode can occur in toroidal plasmas like the conventional geodesic acoustic mode (GAM). The frequency of this new mode is much larger than that of the conventional GAM by a factor equal to the square root of the ion to electron mass ratio.

  3. ELECTRONIC SPUTTERING: FROM ATOMIC PHYSICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Robert E.

    ELECTRONIC SPUTTERING: FROM ATOMIC PHYSICS TO CONTINUUM MECHANICS Ejection of simple and complex molecules from surfaces probes the response of condensed matter to electronic excitations and has and Engineering Physics at the University of Virginia, Charlottesville. Bo Sundqvist holds the Chair in Ion

  4. Positioning Security from electronic warfare

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuhn, Markus

    Positioning Security from electronic warfare to cheating RFID and road-tax systems Markus Kuhn;Military positioning-security concerns Electronic warfare is primarily about denying or falsifying location of the importance of global positioning security has led to the military discipline of "navigation warfare". 5 #12

  5. About electrons in Triplet Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. L. Iparraguirre; G. O. Depaola

    2014-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

    It is usually assumed that the difficulties arising from the indistinguishability of the two electrons in the triplet produced by photons of high energy in the field of an electron may be avoided simply by ruling out the contributions of all the Feynmann diagrams as well as the Borsellino. In this way, the question of indistinguishability becomes meaningless, there is a clear distinction between the recoil electron and the pair electron; and it is well-known that the entire mechanism works well if the photon energy is high enough. In this work we have analyzed the eight Feynmann diagrams and we have shown that for energies lower to $\\sim 1000mc^2$, the assumption just described is not a good approximation. We propose a different way to work: we classify the electrons into the less energetic and the most energetic ones without taking into account their origin, and to define, only to keep the experimental treatment that the less energetic ones will be called the recoil electrons, while the most energetic ones will be called the pair or created electron. Under these conditions (lower or higher energy value), we have calculated the contribution of the different diagrams to the distribution, and how these distributions are modified by introducing a threshold for the momentum detection for electrons.

  6. The Electron-Ion Collider

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Guzey

    2009-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The future Electron-Ion Collider (EIC) is a proposed new facility to collide high-energy electrons with beams of polarized protons/light nuclei and unpolarized nuclei. We overview the goals of the project and key measurements at the EIC. We also briefly comment on recent developments of the project.

  7. Polyplanar optical display electronics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeSanto, L.; Biscardi, C. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States). Dept. of Advanced Technology

    1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Polyplanar Optical Display (POD) is a unique display screen which can be used with any projection source. The prototype ten inch display is two inches thick and has a matte black face which allows for high contrast images. The prototype being developed is a form, fit and functional replacement display for the B-52 aircraft which uses a monochrome ten-inch display. In order to achieve a long lifetime, the new display uses a 100 milliwatt green solid-state laser (10,000 hr. life) at 532 nm as its light source. To produce real-time video, the laser light is being modulated by a Digital Light Processing (DLP{trademark}) chip manufactured by Texas Instruments. In order to use the solid-state laser as the light source and also fit within the constraints of the B-52 display, the Digital Micromirror Device (DMD{trademark}) circuit board is removed from the Texas Instruments DLP light engine assembly. Due to the compact architecture of the projection system within the display chassis, the DMD{trademark} chip is operated remotely from the Texas Instruments circuit board. The authors discuss the operation of the DMD{trademark} divorced from the light engine and the interfacing of the DMD{trademark} board with various video formats (CVBS, Y/C or S-video and RGB) including the format specific to the B-52 aircraft. A brief discussion of the electronics required to drive the laser is also presented.

  8. Electronic field permeameter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chandler, Mark A. (Madison, WI); Goggin, David J. (Austin, TX); Horne, Patrick J. (Austin, TX); Kocurek, Gary G. (Roundrock, TX); Lake, Larry W. (Austin, TX)

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For making rapid, non-destructive permeability measurements in the field, a portable minipermeameter of the kind having a manually-operated gas injection tip is provided with a microcomputer system which operates a flow controller to precisely regulate gas flow rate to a test sample, and reads a pressure sensor which senses the pressure across the test sample. The microcomputer system automatically turns on the gas supply at the start of each measurement, senses when a steady-state is reached, collects and records pressure and flow rate data, and shuts off the gas supply immediately after the measurement is completed. Preferably temperature is also sensed to correct for changes in gas viscosity. The microcomputer system may also provide automatic zero-point adjustment, sensor calibration, over-range sensing, and may select controllers, sensors, and set-points for obtaining the most precise measurements. Electronic sensors may provide increased accuracy and precision. Preferably one microcomputer is used for sensing instrument control and data collection, and a second microcomputer is used which is dedicated to recording and processing the data, selecting the sensors and set-points for obtaining the most precise measurements, and instructing the user how to set-up and operate the minipermeameter. To provide mass data collection and user-friendly operation, the second microcomputer is preferably a lap-type portable microcomputer having a non-volatile or battery-backed CMOS memory.

  9. USA RS Basic Contract - Contract No.: DE-RW0000005 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your DensityEnergy U.S.-China Electric Vehicle and BatteryUS-EU-Japan Working Group on CriticalJapanUSA RS

  10. Linkping University Electronic Press Agreement for Electronic Publishing of Conference Proceedings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Yuxiao

    Linkping University Electronic Press Agreement for Electronic Publishing of Conference Proceedings: ......................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................. .................................................................................................................................................................. .................................................................................................................................................................. Title of the series: Linkping Electronic Conference Proceedings, No/Affiliation:........................................................................................................................ .................................................................................................................................................................. Conference Title

  11. Superthermal electron distribution measurements from polarized electron cyclotron emission

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luce, T.C.; Efthimion, P.C.; Fisch, N.J.

    1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Measurements of the superthermal electron distribution can be made by observing the polarized electron cyclotron emission. The emission is viewed along a constant magnetic field surface. This simplifies the resonance condition and gives a direct correlation between emission frequency and kinetic energy of the emitting electron. A transformation technique is formulated which determines the anisotropy of the distribution and number density of superthermals at each energy measured. The steady-state distribution during lower hybrid current drive and examples of the superthermal dynamics as the runaway conditions is varied are presented for discharges in the PLT tokamak. 15 refs., 8 figs.

  12. Cooling an electron gas using quantum dot based electronic refrigeration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prance, Jonathan Robert

    2009-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Cooling an electron gas using quantum dot based electronic refrigeration Jonathan Robert Prance August 28, 2009 Downing College, University of Cambridge A thesis submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy Preface The work presented... dots. Conventionally, low temperature measurements of 2DEGs are made by cooling the sample to 1.5 K with liquid Helium-4, to 300 mK with liquid Helium-3, or even down to a few mK using a dilution refrigerator. However, at lower temperatures the electron...

  13. Quantum information processing with trapped electrons and superconducting electronics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nikos Daniilidis; Dylan J Gorman; Lin Tian; Hartmut Hffner

    2013-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe a parametric frequency conversion scheme for trapped charged particles which enables a coherent interface between atomic and solid-state quantum systems. The scheme uses geometric non-linearities of the potential of a coupling electrode near a trapped particle. Our scheme does not rely on actively driven solid-state devices, and is hence largely immune to noise in such devices. We present a toolbox which can be used to build electron-based quantum information processing platforms, as well as quantum interfaces between trapped electrons and superconducting electronics.

  14. Electron microscope studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crewe, A.V.; Kapp, O.H.

    1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This year our laboratory has continued to make progress in the design of electron-optical systems, in the study of structure-function relationships of large multi-subunit proteins, in the development of new image processing software and in achieving a workable sub-angstrom STEM. We present an algebraic approach to the symmetrical Einzel (unipotential) lens wherein we simplify the analysis by specifying a field shape that meets some preferred set of boundary or other conditions and then calculate the fields. In a second study we generalize this approach to study of three element electrostatic lenses of which the symmetrical Einzel lens is a particular form. The purpose is to develop a method for assisting in the design of a lens for a particular purpose. In our biological work we study a stable and functional dodecameric complex of globin chains from the hemoglobin of Lumbricus terrestris. This is a complex lacking the linker'' subunit first imaged in this lab and required for maintenance of the native structure. In addition, we do a complete work-up on the hemoglobin of the marine polychaete Eudistylia vancouverii demonstrating the presence of a hierarchy of globin complexes. We demonstrate stable field-emission in the sub-angstrom STEM and the preliminary alignment of the beam. We continue our exploration of a algorithms for alignment of sequences of protein and DNA. Our computer facilities now include four second generation RISC workstations and we continue to take increasing advantage of the floating-point and graphical performance of these devices.

  15. Free electron laser with masked chicane

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Nguyen, Dinh C. (Los Alamos, NM); Carlsten, Bruce E. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A free electron laser (FEL) is provided with an accelerator for outputting electron beam pulses; a buncher for modulating each one of the electron beam pulses to form each pulse into longitudinally dispersed bunches of electrons; and a wiggler for generating coherent light from the longitudinally dispersed bunches of electrons. The electron beam buncher is a chicane having a mask for physically modulating the electron beam pulses to form a series of electron beam bunches for input to the wiggler. In a preferred embodiment, the mask is located in the chicane at a position where each electron beam pulse has a maximum dispersion.

  16. Proton-Coupled Electron Transfer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weinberg, Dave; Gagliardi, Christopher J.; Hull, Jonathan F; Murphy, Christine Fecenko; Kent, Caleb A.; Westlake, Brittany C.; Paul, Amit; Ess, Daniel H; McCafferty, Dewey Granville; Meyer, Thomas J

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Proton-Coupled Electron Transfer (PCET) describes reactions in which there is a change in both electron and proton content between reactants and products. It originates from the influence of changes in electron content on acid?base properties and provides a molecular-level basis for energy transduction between proton transfer and electron transfer. Coupled electron?proton transfer or EPT is defined as an elementary step in which electrons and protons transfer from different orbitals on the donor to different orbitals on the acceptor. There is (usually) a clear distinction between EPT and H-atom transfer (HAT) or hydride transfer, in which the transferring electrons and proton come from the same bond. Hybrid mechanisms exist in which the elementary steps are different for the reaction partners. EPT pathways such as PhO/PhOH exchange have much in common with HAT pathways in that electronic coupling is significant, comparable to the reorganization energy with H{sub DA} ~ ?. Multiple-Site Electron?Proton Transfer (MS-EPT) is an elementary step in which an electron?proton donor transfers electrons and protons to different acceptors, or an electron?proton acceptor accepts electrons and protons from different donors. It exploits the long-range nature of electron transfer while providing for the short-range nature of proton transfer. A variety of EPT pathways exist, creating a taxonomy based on what is transferred, e.g., 1e{sup -}/2H{sup +} MS-EPT. PCET achieves redox potential leveling between sequential couples and the buildup of multiple redox equivalents, which is of importance in multielectron catalysis. There are many examples of PCET and pH-dependent redox behavior in metal complexes, in organic and biological molecules, in excited states, and on surfaces. Changes in pH can be used to induce electron transfer through films and over long distances in molecules. Changes in pH, induced by local electron transfer, create pH gradients and a driving force for long-range proton transfer in Photosysem II and through other biological membranes. In EPT, simultaneous transfer of electrons and protons occurs on time scales short compared to the periods of coupled vibrations and solvent modes. A theory for EPT has been developed which rationalizes rate constants and activation barriers, includes temperature- and driving force (?G)-dependences implicitly, and explains kinetic isotope effects. The distance-dependence of EPT is dominated by the short-range nature of proton transfer, with electron transfer being far less demanding.Changes in external pH do not affect an EPT elementary step. Solvent molecules or buffer components can act as proton donor acceptors, but individual H2O molecules are neither good bases (pK{sub a}(H{sub 3}O{sup +}) = ?1.74) nor good acids (pK{sub a}(H{sub 2}O) = 15.7). There are many examples of mechanisms in chemistry, in biology, on surfaces, and in the gas phase which utilize EPT. PCET and EPT play critical roles in the oxygen evolving complex (OEC) of Photosystem II and other biological reactions by decreasing driving force and avoiding high-energy intermediates.

  17. UNDERGRADUATE DEGREES ELECTRONIC AND ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walkley, Mark

    UNDERGRADUATE DEGREES SCHOOL OF ELECTRONIC AND ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING 01 Undergraduate Degrees 2015 School of Electronic and Electrical Engineering FACULTY OF ENGINEERING #12;www.engineering.leeds.ac.uk/electronic UNDERGRADUATE DEGREES SCHOOL OF ELECTRONIC AND ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING 02 03 The global electronics industry

  18. Spectroscopic imaging in electron microscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pennycook, Stephen J [ORNL; Colliex, C. [Universite Paris Sud, Orsay, France

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the scanning transmission electron microscope, multiple signals can be simultaneously collected, including the transmitted and scattered electron signals (bright field and annular dark field or Z-contrast images), along with spectroscopic signals such as inelastically scattered electrons and emitted photons. In the last few years, the successful development of aberration correctors for the electron microscope has transformed the field of electron microscopy, opening up new possibilities for correlating structure to functionality. Aberration correction not only allows for enhanced structural resolution with incident probes into the sub-angstrom range, but can also provide greater probe currents to facilitate mapping of intrinsically weak spectroscopic signals at the nanoscale or even the atomic level. In this issue of MRS Bulletin, we illustrate the power of the new generation of electron microscopes with a combination of imaging and spectroscopy. We show the mapping of elemental distributions at atomic resolution and also the mapping of electronic and optical properties at unprecedented spatial resolution, with applications ranging from graphene to plasmonic nanostructures, and oxide interfaces to biology.

  19. USA National Phenology Network: Plant and Animal Life-Cycle Data Related to Climate Change

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Phenology refers to recurring plant and animal life cycle stages, such as leafing and flowering, maturation of agricultural plants, emergence of insects, and migration of birds. It is also the study of these recurring plant and animal life cycle stages, especially their timing and relationships with weather and climate. Phenology affects nearly all aspects of the environment, including the abundance and diversity of organisms, their interactions with one another, their functions in food webs, and their seasonable behavior, and global-scale cycles of water, carbon, and other chemical elements. Phenology records can help us understand plant and animal responses to climate change; it is a key indicator. The USA-NPN brings together citizen scientists, government agencies, non-profit groups, educators, and students of all ages to monitor the impacts of climate change on plants and animals in the United States. The network harnesses the power of people and the Internet to collect and share information, providing researchers with far more data than they could collect alone.[Extracts copied from the USA-NPN home page and from http://www.usanpn.org/about].

  20. Heat absorption in sedimentary cover in some areas of the USA and Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pilchin, A.N.

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For study of geothermal state and presence of heat absorption intervals (HAI) in some areas of the USA and Canada the methods of HAI discovery in sedimentary cover (Pilchin 1978, 1983) were used. HAI are determined on the Paleozoic surface of all areas in the Southern Alberta and in the north part of Williston Basin (Canada). In the Swan Hills area the HAI are observed in Grosmont and Beaverhile intervals. In the USA the HAI have been found in sedimentary cover of areas Fifth Water Site (Utah), Valles Caldera (New Mexico) and also in Michigan Basin, Central Ventura Basin and Salton Sea. Average heat generation is -0.04 mW/m{sup 3} in Cretaceous-Paleocene of Fifth Water Site area, -0.11 mW/m{sup 3} in VC-1 Well (Valles Caldera, 20-760 m), -0.06 mW/m{sup 3} in State 2-14 Well (Salton Sea, 300-900 m). In Michigan Basin the HAI are discovered in upper Michigan Formation, Sunbury Shale, Clinton Shale. In Central Ventura Basin the average heat generation is -0.007 mW/m{sup 3} and -0.018 mW/m{sup 3} correspondingly for Pfeiler-10 and Diedrich-1 Wells (Oxnard Field) and 0 for Lloyd-26 and Lloyd-161 Wells (Ventura Avenue Field). The conducted investigations show that in all studied regions the HAI are present.

  1. Ultrafast electron diffraction with radio-frequency compressed electron pulses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chatelain, Robert P.; Morrison, Vance R.; Godbout, Chris; Siwick, Bradley J. [Departments of Physics and Chemistry, Center for the Physics of Materials, McGill University, Montreal (Canada)

    2012-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on the complete characterization of time resolution in an ultrafast electron diffraction (UED) instrument based on radio-frequency electron pulse compression. The temporal impulse response function of the instrument was determined directly in pump-probe geometry by performing electron-laser pulse cross-correlation measurements using the ponderomotive interaction. With optimal settings, a stable impulse response of 334{+-}10 fs was measured at a bunch charge of 0.1 pC (6.24 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 5} electrons/pulse); a dramatic improvement compared to performance without pulse compression. Phase stability currently limits the impulse response of the UED diffractometer to the range of 334-500 fs, for bunch charges ranging between 0.1 and 0.6 pC.

  2. Electronic structure and quantum conductance of molecular and nano electronics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Elise Yu-Tzu

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is dedicated to the application of a large-scale first-principles approach to study the electronic structure and quantum conductance of realistic nanomaterials. Three systems are studied using Landauer formalism, ...

  3. JET Papers presented to the 2nd IEA International Workshop on Beryllium Technology for Fusion (6th September 1995, Jackson Hole, USA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    JET Papers presented to the 2nd IEA International Workshop on Beryllium Technology for Fusion (6th September 1995, Jackson Hole, USA)

  4. nature biotechnology advance online publication 1 1Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. 2Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering, Harvard University, Cambridge,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Church, George M.

    nature biotechnology advance online publication 1 1Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA. 3Biological and Biomedical Sciences Program, Harvard Medical School, Boston

  5. High Intensity Polarized Electron Gun

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Redwine, Robert

    2012-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of the project was to investigate the possibility of building a very high intensity polarized electron gun for the Electron-Ion Collider. This development is crucial for the eRHIC project. The gun implements a large area cathode, ring-shaped laser beam and active cathode cooling. A polarized electron gun chamber with a large area cathode and active cathode cooling has been built and tested. A preparation chamber for cathode activation has been built and initial tests have been performed. Major parts for a load-lock chamber, where cathodes are loaded into the vacuum system, have been manufactured.

  6. ASYMMETRIC SOLAR WIND ELECTRON DISTRIBUTIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yoon, Peter H.; Kim, Sunjung; Lee, Junggi; Lee, Junhyun; Park, Jongsun; Park, Kyungsun; Seough, Jungjoon [School of Space Research, Kyung Hee University, Yongin-Si, Gyeonggi-Do 446-701 (Korea, Republic of); Hong, Jinhy [Department of Physics, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The present paper provides a possible explanation for the solar wind electron velocity distribution functions possessing asymmetric energetic tails. By numerically solving the electrostatic weak turbulence equations that involve nonlinear interactions among electrons, Langmuir waves, and ion-sound waves, it is shown that different ratios of ion-to-electron temperatures lead to the generation of varying degrees of asymmetric tails. The present finding may be applicable to observations in the solar wind near 1 AU and in other regions of the heliosphere and interplanetary space.

  7. Report on inspection of concerns regarding DOE`s evaluation of Chevron USA`s unsolicited proposal for the Elk Hills Naval Petroleum Reserve

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

    An allegation was made to the Office of Inspector General (OIG) that the integrity of the Department of Energy`s (DOE) unsolicited proposal review process may have been compromised by the actions of a former Deputy Secretary of Energy and his Executive Assistant during the review of an unsolicited proposal received from Chevron U.S.A. Production Company (Chevron) in may 1993. The Chevron unsolicited proposal was for the management and operation of DOE`s Elk Hills Naval Petroleum Reserve (Elk Hills), located near Bakersfield, California. Chevron submitted the unsolicited proposal on May 19, 1993. DOE formally rejected Chevron`s unsolicited proposal in May 1995. Although Chevron`s unsolicited proposal was eventually rejected by DOE, the complainant specifically alleged that the {open_quotes}sanctity, integrity, and sensitivity{close_quotes} of the unsolicited proposal review process had been breached in meetings during the Fall of 1993 between Chevron officials, the Deputy Secretary of Energy (Deputy Secretary), and his Executive Assistant. Based on our review of the allegation, we identified the following issue as the focus of our inspection.

  8. School of Electronic, Electrical and Computer Engineering Smart electronics, smart devices,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miall, Chris

    School of Electronic, Electrical and Computer Engineering Smart electronics, smart devices, smart applications of video game engines and mobile devices. Electronic, Electrical and Computer Engineering networks... smart people. Tim Collins, Head of Learning and Teaching School of Electronic, Electrical

  9. Comparison of Daytime and Nighttime Populations Adjacent to Interstate Highways in Metropolitan Areas Using LandScan USA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, Paul E [ORNL] [ORNL

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An article of similar title was published in the International Journal of Radioactive Materials Transport in 1999. The study concluded that the daytime and nighttime populations are not substantially different for the metropolitan areas examined. This study revisits the issue, but using the LandScan USA high resolution population distribution data, which includes daytime and night-time population. Segments of Interstate highway beltways, along with the direct route through the city, for Atlanta, St. Louis, and Kansas City are examined with an 800m buffer from either side of the highways. The day/night ratio of population is higher using the LandScan USA data. LandScan USA daytime and night-time data will be incorporated into the TRAGIS routing model in future.

  10. The form, distribution and mobility of arsenic in soilscontaminated by arsenic trioxide, at sites in southeast USA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Li; Donahoe, Rona J.

    2005-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Soils from many industrial sites in southeastern USA arecontaminated with As because of the application of herbicide containingAs2O3. Among those contaminated sites, two industrial sites, FW and BH,which are currently active and of most serious environmental concerns,were selected to characterize the occurrence of As in the contaminatedsoils and to evaluate its environmental leachability. The soils are bothsandy loams with varying mineralogical and organic matter contents.Microwave-assisted acid digestion (EPA method 3051) of the contaminatedsoils indicated As levels of up to 325 mg/kg and 900 mg/kg (dry weightbasis) for FW and BH soils, respectively. However, bulk X-ray powderdiffraction (XRD) analysis failed to find any detectable As-bearingphases in either of the studied soil samples. Most of the soil As wasobserved by scanning electron microscopy, coupled with energy dispersiveX-ray spectroscopy (SEM/EDX), to be disseminated on the surfaces offine-grained soil particles in close association with Al and Fe. A fewAs-bearing particles were detected in BH soil using electron microprobeanalysis (EMPA). Synchrotron micro-XRD and X-ray absorption near-edgestructure (XANES) analyses indicated that these As-rich particles werepossibly phaunouxite, a mineral similar to calcium arsenate, which couldhave been formed by natural weathering after the application of As2O3.However, the scarcity of those particles eliminated them from playing anyimportant role in Assequestration.Synthetic acid rain sequential batchleaching experiments showed distinct As leaching behaviors of the twostudied soil samples: BH soil, which has the higher As content, showed aslow, steady release of As, while FW soil, with a lower As content,showed a much quicker release and lower overall retention of As uponleaching. Sequential chemical extraction experiments were carried outusing a simplified 4-step sequential chemical extraction procedure (SCEP)previously developed to characterize the fractionation of As and betterunderstand the different leaching behaviors of the two studied soils. Itwas shown that only about 50 percent of the total extractable As wasremoved by the first two extraction steps, which represented the mostweakly bonded and readily available As forenvironmental leaching.Compared with the sequential leaching experiments, it was furtherindicated that only half of the As associated with phases extracted bythe second SCEP step was mobilized by SPLP leaching. Althoughmicrowave-assisted acid digestion results showed similar Al and Fecontents in both soils, the sequential chemical extraction experimentsindicated that BH soil has a much higher content of amorphous Al and Fephases and that a comparably higher portion of soil As was associatedwith those materials. The experimental results suggest that remediationefforts for the contaminated sites can be directed towards enhancing theformation of more stable As-bearing compounds in the soils to reduce theenvironmental leachability of As.

  11. ECR ion source with electron gun

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Xie, Z.Q.; Lyneis, C.M.

    1993-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

    An Advanced Electron Cyclotron Resonance ion source having an electron gun for introducing electrons into the plasma chamber of the ion source is described. The ion source has a injection enclosure and a plasma chamber tank. The plasma chamber is defined by a plurality of longitudinal magnets. The electron gun injects electrons axially into the plasma chamber such that ionization within the plasma chamber occurs in the presence of the additional electrons produced by the electron gun. The electron gun has a cathode for emitting electrons therefrom which is heated by current supplied from an AC power supply while bias potential is provided by a bias power supply. A concentric inner conductor and outer conductor carry heating current to a carbon chuck and carbon pusher which hold the cathode in place and also heat the cathode. In the Advanced Electron Cyclotron Resonance ion source, the electron gun replaces the conventional first stage used in prior electron cyclotron resonance ion generators. 5 figures.

  12. RESEARCH ENGINEER IN ADVANCED ANALYTICAL ELECTRON MICROSCOPY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilchrist, James F.

    RESEARCH ENGINEER IN ADVANCED ANALYTICAL ELECTRON MICROSCOPY Department of Materials Science. #12;Job Description (for website) Job Title: Research Engineer in Advanced Analytical Electron or an engineering discipline and four years of demonstrated experience in electron microscopy. Requirements

  13. Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mihaylova, Lyudmila

    Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering Information Management Methods in Sensor* * Bristol University, Dept. of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, UK **Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Bulgaria #12;2 Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering Outline Introduction General system

  14. Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy for Nanostructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    152 6 Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy for Nanostructure Characterization S. J. Pennycook. Introduction The scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM) is an invaluable tool atom. The STEM works on the same principle as the normal scanning electron microscope (SEM), by forming

  15. Isochronous Beamlines for Free Electron Lasers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berz, M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for the los alamos free- electron laser. IEEE Journal of1: A schematic layout of a free electron laser. Figure 2: ABeamIines for Free Electron Lasers M. Berz July 1990

  16. Hole Coupling Resonator for Free Electron Lasers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, M.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a Highly Stable Infrared Free Electron Laser at LBL", theseTwelfth International Free Electron Laser Conference, Paris,Coupling Resonator for Free Electron Lasers M. Xie and K. -

  17. Two-dimensional materials for ubiquitous electronics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Lili, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ubiquitous electronics will be a very important component of future electronics. However, today's approaches to large area, low cost, potentially ubiquitous electronic devices are currently dominated by the low mobility ...

  18. Electron vortices in semiconductors devicesa... Kamran Mohsenib

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Electron vortices in semiconductors devicesa... Kamran Mohsenib Aerospace Engineering Sciencies; published online 3 October 2005 The hydrodynamic model of electron transport in semiconductors is analyzed vorticity effects. Furthermore, conditions for observation of electron vortices in semiconductor devices

  19. Electron-Cloud Build-Up: Summary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Furman, M.A.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Properties In?uencing Electron Cloud Phenomena, Appl. Surf.Dissipation of the Electron Cloud, Proc. PAC03 (Portland,is no signi?cant electron-cloud under nominal operating

  20. Controlling the Inner Electron Dance

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    So, in only the fifth experiment conducted at the LCLS, they tuned the new x-ray free-electron laser to the exact resonance between the inner and outer orbitals of neon ions to see...

  1. Electronic structure of superconductivity refined

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    on a little understood aspect of the electronic structure in high-temperature superconductors. July 10, 2008 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa...

  2. Dynamic imaging with electron microscopy

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Campbell, Geoffrey; McKeown, Joe; Santala, Melissa

    2014-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Livermore researchers have perfected an electron microscope to study fast-evolving material processes and chemical reactions. By applying engineering, microscopy, and laser expertise to the decades-old technology of electron microscopy, the dynamic transmission electron microscope (DTEM) team has developed a technique that can capture images of phenomena that are both very small and very fast. DTEM uses a precisely timed laser pulse to achieve a short but intense electron beam for imaging. When synchronized with a dynamic event in the microscope's field of view, DTEM allows scientists to record and measure material changes in action. A new movie-mode capability, which earned a 2013 R&D 100 Award from R&D Magazine, uses up to nine laser pulses to sequentially capture fast, irreversible, even one-of-a-kind material changes at the nanometer scale. DTEM projects are advancing basic and applied materials research, including such areas as nanostructure growth, phase transformations, and chemical reactions.

  3. Introduction What is power electronics?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knobloch,Jürgen

    : single/multi-phase, full/half-bridge Applications: renewable energy, UPS, electric vehicles, HVDC. AC Rectifiers: single/multi-phase, full/half-bridge Applications: all grid powered electronic devices, HVDC. AC

  4. GaN power electronics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Bin

    Between 5 and 10% of the world's electricity is wasted as dissipated heat in the power electronic circuits needed, for example, in computer power supplies, motor drives or the power inverters of photovoltaic systems. This ...

  5. Modeling Incoherent Electron Cloud Effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benedetto, E.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    electron-cloud effects and synchrotron radiation can lead toelectron-cloud effects and synchrotron radiation can lead tocloud phenomena in positrons storage rings the effect of syn- chrotron radiation

  6. Power Electronics Thermal Control (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Narumanchi, S.

    2010-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Thermal management plays an important part in the cost of electric drives in terms of power electronics packaging. Very promising results have been obtained by using microporous coatings and skived surfaces in conjunction with single-phase and two-phase flows. Sintered materials and thermoplastics with embedded fibers show significant promise as thermal interface materials, or TIMs. Appropriate cooling technologies depend on the power electronics package application and reliability.

  7. Determining the static electronic and vibrational energy correlations via twodimensional electronic-vibrational spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dong, Hui; Lewis, Nicholas HC; Oliver, Thomas AA; Fleming, Graham R

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Friend, The Role of Driving Energy and Delocalized States1. (Color online) Potential energy surfaces (a) on both theO?ce of Science, O?ce of Basic Energy Sciences, of the USA

  8. Shear viscosity of degenerate electron matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. S. Shternin

    2008-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We calculate the partial electron shear viscosity $\\eta_{ee}$ limited by electron-electron collisions in a strongly degenerate electron gas taking into account the Landau damping of transverse plasmons. The Landau damping strongly suppresses $\\eta_{ee}$ in the domain of ultrarelativistic degenerate electrons and modifies its %asymptotic temperature behavior. The efficiency of the electron shear viscosity in the cores of white dwarfs and envelopes of neutron stars is analyzed.

  9. Electronic Medical Device Reliability The growing sophistication of electronic medical devices results in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perkins, Richard A.

    Electronic Medical Device Reliability Objective The growing sophistication of electronic medical-defined lifetimes. To assist the medical electronics industry in achieving the needed reliability, this project-driven projects--medical electronic components, implant- ed electronic leads, and portable electronic medical

  10. Power Electronics Symposium 2011 | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of expertise at the Center include: Advanced Power Electronics Electric Machines Thermal Control for Power Electronics Power Quality and Utility Interconnection The symposium will...

  11. FACTSHEET: Next Generation Power Electronics Manufacturing Innovation...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Power Electronics Across Every Industry In the last century, silicon semiconductor-based power electronics - which control or convert electrical energy into usable power -...

  12. Understanding microbe-mineral electron exchange | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    insight into how bacteria, such as S. oneidensis (above), exchange electrons with minerals in their surroundings as part of cellular respiration-a series of electron exchanges...

  13. Structure, Charge Distribution, and Electron Hopping Dynamics...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Charge Distribution, and Electron Hopping Dynamics in Magnetite (Fe3O4) (100) Surfaces from First Principles. Structure, Charge Distribution, and Electron Hopping Dynamics in...

  14. Chemistry of Organic Electronic Materials 6483-Fall

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sherrill, David

    Chemistry of Organic Electronic Materials 6483- Fall Tuesdays organic materials. The discussion will include aspects of synthesis General introduction to the electronic structure of organic materials with connection

  15. Electronic Relaxation Dynamics in Coupled Metal Nanoparticles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scherer, Norbert F.

    of hot electrons for photoelectrochemical processes, including solar energy conversion or organic wasteElectronic Relaxation Dynamics in Coupled Metal Nanoparticles Mark J. Feldstein, Christine D

  16. Searchable Electronic Department of Energy Acquisition Regulation...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Searchable Electronic Department of Energy Acquisition Regulation Searchable Electronic Department of Energy Acquisition Regulation Updated July 2, 2013. The EDEAR is current...

  17. Correlated Electrons in Photoactive and Superconducting Materials...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the interactions between electrons. The two methods proposed leverage high-performance computing and are directly based on the many-electron Schrdinger equation that...

  18. Opportunities for Wide Bandgap Semiconductor Power Electronics...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Opportunities for Wide Bandgap Semiconductor Power Electronics for Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Applications Opportunities for Wide Bandgap Semiconductor Power Electronics for Hydrogen...

  19. DETECTORS, SAMPLING, SHIELDING, AND ELECTRONICS FOR POSITRON EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Derenzo, S.E.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SAMPLING, SHIELDING, AND ELECTRONICS FOR POSITRON EMISSIONSAMPLING, SHIELDING, AND ELECTRONICS FOR POSITRON EMISSIONSAMPLING, SHIELDING, AND ELECTRONICS FOR POSITRON EMISSION

  20. Measurement of airborne fission products in Chapel Hill, NC, USA from the Fukushima I reactor accident

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacMullin, S; Green, M P; Henning, R; Holmes, R; Vorren, K; Wilkerson, J F

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present measurements of airborne fission products in Chapel Hill, NC, USA, from 62 days following the March 11, 2011, accident at the Fukushima I Nuclear Power Plant. Airborne particle samples were collected daily in air filters and radio-assayed with two high-purity germanium (HPGe) detectors. The fission products I-131 and Cs-137 were measured with maximum activities of 4.2 +/- 0.6 mBq/m^2 and 0.42 +/- 0.07 mBq/m^2 respectively. Additional activity from I-131, I-132, Cs-134, Cs-136, Cs-137 and Te-132 were measured in the same air filters using a low-background HPGe detector at the Kimballton Underground Research Facility (KURF).

  1. Free-Electron Laser-Powered Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takahashi, S; Edwards, D T; van Tol, J; Ramian, G; Han, S; Sherwin, M S

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy interrogates unpaired electron spins in solids and liquids to reveal local structure and dynamics; for example, EPR has elucidated parts of the structure of protein complexes that have resisted all other techniques in structural biology. EPR can also probe the interplay of light and electricity in organic solar cells and light-emitting diodes, and the origin of decoherence in condensed matter, which is of fundamental importance to the development of quantum information processors. Like nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), EPR spectroscopy becomes more powerful at high magnetic fields and frequencies, and with excitation by coherent pulses rather than continuous waves. However, the difficulty of generating sequences of powerful pulses at frequencies above 100 GHz has, until now, confined high-power pulsed EPR to magnetic fields of 3.5 T and below. Here we demonstrate that ~1 kW pulses from a free-electron laser (FEL) can power a pulsed EPR spectrometer at 240 GHz...

  2. Annual Mass Balance Of Blue Glacier, U.S.A.: 1955-97 H. CONWAY, L. A. RASMUSSEN, and H.-P. MARSHALL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rasmussen, L.A.

    Annual Mass Balance Of Blue Glacier, U.S.A.: 1955-97 H. CONWAY, L. A. RASMUSSEN, and H.-P. MARSHALL changes of Blue Glacier, U.S.A. are calculated from topographic maps made from vertical aerial photography was adjusted for snow thickness and glacier motion to estimate topography of 1 October 1995. The mass of Blue

  3. 330 West State Street, Suite 1, Geneva, IL 60134 (USA) Tel: +1.888.733.1ALA (252) Fax: +1.630.578.0172

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, William C

    and Identification with a Hand Held Device Gary Siuzdak, Ph.D., La Jolla, CA, USA, The Scripps Research Institute Tissue Imaging with Nanostructure Initiator Mass Spectrometry (NIMS) Robin Smith, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA, ArtusLabs, Inc. A New Paradigm for Results and Analytics, the Leap from Data Storage

  4. Gallium as a Possible Target Material for a Muon Collider or Neutrino Factory X. Ding, D. Cline, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    .J. Weggel, Particle Beam Lasers, Inc., Northridge, CA 91324, USA V.B. Graves, ORNL, Oak Ridge, TN 37830, USA the peak for nickel), Liquid state at relatively low temperature (melting point = 29.8 C) , Potential plane at z = 50 m. For this analysis we select all pions and muons with 40

  5. Evidence for an eolian origin for the silt-enriched soil mantles on the glaciated uplands of eastern Upper Michigan, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaetzl, Randall

    of eastern Upper Michigan, USA Randall J. Schaetzl a,, Walter L. Loope b,1 a Department of Geography, 128 Geography Building, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824-1117, USA b U.S. Geological Survey, P uplands in the eastern Upper Peninsula of Michigan. Previous research on this deposit, which we

  6. Electron geodesic acoustic modes in electron temperature gradient mode turbulence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, Johan; Nordman, Hans [Department of Earth and Space Sciences, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Goeteborg (Sweden); Singh, Raghvendra; Kaw, Predhiman [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat 382428 (India)

    2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work, the first demonstration of an electron branch of the geodesic acoustic mode (el-GAM) driven by electron temperature gradient (ETG) modes is presented. The work is based on a fluid description of the ETG mode retaining non-adiabatic ions and the dispersion relation for el-GAMs driven nonlinearly by ETG modes is derived. A new saturation mechanism for ETG turbulence through the interaction with el-GAMs is found, resulting in a significantly enhanced ETG turbulence saturation level compared to the mixing length estimate.

  7. LandScan USA: A High Resolution Geospatial and Temporal Modeling Approach for Population Distribution and Dynamics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bhaduri, Budhendra L [ORNL; Bright, Eddie A [ORNL; Coleman, Phil R [ORNL; Urban, Marie L [ORNL

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    High resolution population distribution data are critical for successfully addressing important issues ranging from socio-environmental research to public health to homeland security, since scientific analyses, operational activities, and policy decisions are significantly influenced by the number of impacted people. Dasymetric modeling has been a well recognized approach for spatial decomposition of census data to increase the spatial resolution of population distribution. However, enhancing the temporal resolution of population distribution poses a greater challenge. In this paper, we discuss the development of LandScan USA, a multi-dimensional dasymetric modeling approach, which has allowed creation of very high resolution population distribution data both over space and time. At a spatial resolution of 3 arc seconds (~90m), the initial LandScan USA database contains both a nighttime residential as well as a baseline daytime population distribution that incorporates movement of workers and students. Challenging research issues of disparate and misaligned spatial data integration and modeling to develop a database at a national scale, as well as model verification and validation approaches are illustrated and discussed. Initial analyses indicate a high degree of accuracy for LandScan USA distribution model and data. High resolution population data such as LandScan USA, which describes both distribution and dynamics of human population, clearly has the potential to profoundly impact on multiple domain applications of national and global priority.

  8. Validation of AIRS v4 ozone profiles in the UTLS using ozonesondes from Lauder, NZ and Boulder, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pan, Laura

    Validation of AIRS v4 ozone profiles in the UTLS using ozonesondes from Lauder, NZ and Boulder, USA) are used to examine the quality of the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) v4 vertical ozone profile range), AIRS ozone mixing ratios are larger than ozonesonde measurements, and at higher altitudes ($100

  9. Proceedings of the ASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition November 11-17, Denver, Colorado USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, Zhixiong "James"

    /effusion cooling, which is also one of the cooling techniques used to protect the blade surface from external hot November 11-17, Denver, Colorado USA IMECE-63649 NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF IMPINGING COOLING ON THE LEADING for impingement/effusion cooling on the leading edge of a turbine blade similar to an experimental model tested

  10. 7233Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 32 / Thursday, February 18, 2010 / Notices 1 VAM Drilling USA, Inc., Texas Steel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    7233Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 32 / Thursday, February 18, 2010 / Notices 1 VAM Drilling USA, Inc., Texas Steel Conversion, Inc., Rotary Drilling Tools, TMK IPSCO, and the United Steel, Paper OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [A­570­965] Drill Pipe From the People's Republic of China

  11. 22nd Conference on Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology San Francisco, California, USA -August 18-23, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    22nd Conference on Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology San Francisco, California, USA solvers by detecting data sparsity and intro- ducing controlled approximations. Finally, in the last the reader to the bibliography for #12;22nd Conference on Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology San

  12. Department of Industrial Engineering and Management Sciences Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208-3119, U.S.A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hazen, Gordon

    , Illinois 60208-3119, U.S.A. Working Paper No. 05-06 A Comparative Study of the K-Means Algorithm 2005 #12;Abstract This paper gives a comparative study of the K-means algorithm and the mixture model; Clustering; Data mining; EM algorithm; K-means algorithm; Misclassification rate; Mixture model; Prior

  13. Apr. 2010, Volume 4, No.4 (Serial No.29) Journal of Energy and Power Engineering, ISSN 1934-8975, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bak-Jensen, Birgitte

    -Zaafarana, Egypt. The simulation results show the influence of the FRT capability on the protective relaying-8975, USA Coordination between Fault-Ride-Through Capability and Over-current Protection of DFIG Generators affect the performance of related protective elements during fault periods. Therefore, in this paper

  14. Professor Emeritus of Nuclear Science and Engineering Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 (USA), syip@mit.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Sow-Hsin

    CV SIDNEY YIP Professor Emeritus of Nuclear Science and Engineering Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 (USA), syip@mit.edu Education B.S. (Mechanical Engineering, 1958), M.S. (Nuclear Engineering, 1959), and Ph.D. (Nuclear Engineering, 1962), all from the University of Michigan

  15. How biomass is born: understanding cellulose synthesis for second generation Nadav Sorek, Energy Biosciences Institute, UC Berkeley, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shamir, Ron

    How biomass is born: understanding cellulose synthesis for second generation biofuels Nadav Sorek, Energy Biosciences Institute, UC Berkeley, USA Lignocellulosic biofuels, also known as second generation understand this process. In the second part I will cover the basic process of second generation biofuel

  16. Protein Science (1997), 6:2677-2680. Cambridge University Press. Printed in the USA Copyright 0 1997 The Protein Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monnat, Ray

    Protein Science (1997), 6:2677-2680. Cambridge University Press. Printed in the USA Copyright 0 1997 The Protein Society FOR THE RECORD Crystallization and preliminary X-ray studies of I, Department of Pathology. Box 357705, Seattle. Washington 98195 (RECEIVEDSeptember 16, 1997: ACCEPTEDOctober

  17. Proceedings of the ASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition November 11-17, 2011, Denver, Colorado, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, Zhixiong "James"

    November 11-17, 2011, Denver, Colorado, USA IMECE2011-63664 A NEW PHASE FUNCTION NORMALIZATION APPROACH and Aerospace Engineering, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 98 Brett Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854, The State University of New Jersey, 98 Brett Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854 guo@jove.rutgers.edu ABSTRACT A new

  18. 6th US National Congress of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics June 27-July 2, 2010, State College, Pennsylvania, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daripa, Prabir

    , Pennsylvania, USA USNCTAM2010-1245 STABILITY ENHANCED MODELS OF CHEMICAL ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY PROCESSES Prabir of enhanced oil recovery processes and study their stability properties. This study is moti- vated by the need in oil industry has been to use tertiary or enhanced oil recovery [2]. This, at a fundamental level

  19. Policy Analysis of Supply Chains for Asia USA Containerized Imports Robert C. Leachman and Evan T. Davidson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    1 Policy Analysis of Supply Chains for Asia ­ USA Containerized Imports Robert C. Leachman and Evan of California Berkeley, CA 94720-1777 Abstract We critically consider policies of large importers and policies supply chain of a large importer distributing retail goods nation-wide, leading to our first policy

  20. Cyclostratigraphy of the Upper Cretaceous Niobrara Formation, Western Interior, U.S.A.: A ConiacianSantonian orbital timescale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sageman, Brad

    Cyclostratigraphy of the Upper Cretaceous Niobrara Formation, Western Interior, U.S.A.: A Coniacian Niobrara formation spectral analysis orbital timescale The TuronianCampanian Niobrara Formation in Colorado (40 17 N, 104 38 W; 40 14 N, 104 41 W). The study utilized high-resolution time series

  1. A Longitudinal Analysis of the Causal Factors in Major Aviation Accidents in the USA from 1976 to 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Chris

    A Longitudinal Analysis of the Causal Factors in Major Aviation Accidents in the USA from 1976.m.holloway@larc.nasa.gov Abstract This paper forms part of a long term analysis to understand the causes of aviation accidents. In this paper, we extend our analysis to include all major US aviation accidents between 1976 and 1984. We also

  2. CURRENTS DRIVE BY ELECTRON CYCLOTRON WAVES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karney, Charles

    , among other things, the relative infrequency with which the superthermal electrons experience collisions

  3. Electron Cooling for RHIC V. Parkhomchuk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C-A/AP/47 April 2001 Electron Cooling for RHIC V. Parkhomchuk Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics I Upton, NY 11973 #12;C-A/AP/47 April 2001 Electron Cooling for RHIC V. Parkhomchuk Budker Institute National Laboratory Upton, NY 11973 #12;ELECTRON COOLING FOR RHIC Review of the Principles of Electron

  4. Two-element free-electron lasers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shih, C.; Yariv, A.

    1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The interaction between the electrons and the radiation in a free-electrons laser leads to a shift and a spread of the electron velocity distribution. The electron dynamics of a two-element system are studied in the small signal region. It is found that the efficiency and gain can be increased through introduction of an adjustable drift distance between two identical wigglers.

  5. Secondary electron ion source neutron generator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brainard, J.P.; McCollister, D.R.

    1998-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A neutron generator employing an electron emitter, an ion source bombarded by the electrons from the electron emitter, a plasma containment zone, and a target situated between the plasma containment zone and the electron emitter is disclosed. The target contains occluded deuterium, tritium, or a mixture thereof. 4 figs.

  6. Secondary electron ion source neutron generator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brainard, John P. (Albuquerque, NM); McCollister, Daryl R. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A neutron generator employing an electron emitter, an ion source bombarded by the electrons from the electron emitter, a plasma containment zone, and a target situated between the plasma containment zone and the electron emitter. The target contains occluded deuterium, tritium, or a mixture thereof

  7. Polymer electronic devices and materials.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schubert, William Kent; Baca, Paul Martin; Dirk, Shawn M.; Anderson, G. Ronald; Wheeler, David Roger

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Polymer electronic devices and materials have vast potential for future microsystems and could have many advantages over conventional inorganic semiconductor based systems, including ease of manufacturing, cost, weight, flexibility, and the ability to integrate a wide variety of functions on a single platform. Starting materials and substrates are relatively inexpensive and amenable to mass manufacturing methods. This project attempted to plant the seeds for a new core competency in polymer electronics at Sandia National Laboratories. As part of this effort a wide variety of polymer components and devices, ranging from simple resistors to infrared sensitive devices, were fabricated and characterized. Ink jet printing capabilities were established. In addition to promising results on prototype devices the project highlighted the directions where future investments must be made to establish a viable polymer electronics competency.

  8. Industrial applications of electron accelerators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cleland, M R

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper addresses the industrial applications of electron accelerators for modifying the physical, chemical or biological properties of materials and commercial products by treatment with ionizing radiation. Many beneficial effects can be obtained with these methods, which are known as radiation processing. The earliest practical applications occurred during the 1950s, and the business of radiation processing has been expanding since that time. The most prevalent applications are the modification of many different plastic and rubber products and the sterilization of single-use medical devices. Emerging applications are the pasteurization and preservation of foods and the treatment of toxic industrial wastes. Industrial accelerators can now provide electron energies greater than 10 MeV and average beam powers as high as 700 kW. The availability of high-energy, high-power electron beams is stimulating interest in the use of X-rays (bremsstrahlung) as an alternative to gamma rays from radioactive nuclides.

  9. Electron beam exposure mechanisms in hydrogen silsesquioxane investigated by vibrational spectroscopy and in-situ electron beam induced desorption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olynick, D.L.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    exposure mechanisms in hydrogen silsesquioxane investigatedCA 94720 USA Abstract Hydrogen Silsesquioxane (HSQ) is usedsilicon is bonded to a hydrogen atom and bridges 3 oxygen

  10. Shimmed electron beam welding process

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Feng, Ganjiang (Clifton Park, NY); Nowak, Daniel Anthony (Alplaus, NY); Murphy, John Thomas (Niskayuna, NY)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A modified electron beam welding process effects welding of joints between superalloy materials by inserting a weldable shim in the joint and heating the superalloy materials with an electron beam. The process insures a full penetration of joints with a consistent percentage of filler material and thereby improves fatigue life of the joint by three to four times as compared with the prior art. The process also allows variable shim thickness and joint fit-up gaps to provide increased flexibility for manufacturing when joining complex airfoil structures and the like.

  11. Electronic imaging system and technique

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bolstad, J.O.

    1984-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and system for viewing objects obscurred by intense plasmas or flames (such as a welding arc) includes a pulsed light source to illuminate the object, the peak brightness of the light reflected from the object being greater than the brightness of the intense plasma or flame; an electronic image sensor for detecting a pulsed image of the illuminated object, the sensor being operated as a high-speed shutter; and electronic means for synchronizing the shutter operation with the pulsed light source.

  12. Electron tomography of dislocation structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, G.S.; House, S.D.; Kacher, J. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1304 W. Green St., Urbana, IL 61801 (United States); Tanaka, M.; Higashida, K. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Kyushu University, 744 Motooka, Nishi-ku, Fukuoka 819-0395 (Japan); Robertson, I.M., E-mail: irobertson@wisc.edu [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1304 W. Green St., Urbana, IL 61801 (United States); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706 (United States)

    2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent developments in the application of electron tomography for characterizing microstructures in crystalline solids are described. The underlying principles for electron tomography are presented in the context of typical challenges in adapting the technique to crystalline systems and in using diffraction contrast imaging conditions. Methods for overcoming the limitations associated with the angular range, the number of acquired images, and uniformity of image contrast are introduced. In addition, a method for incorporating the real space coordinate system into the tomogram is presented. As the approach emphasizes development of experimental solutions to the challenges, the solutions developed and implemented are presented in the form of examples.

  13. Direct cooled power electronics substrate

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wiles, Randy H [Powell, TN; Wereszczak, Andrew A [Oak Ridge, TN; Ayers, Curtis W. (Kingston, TN) [Kingston, TN; Lowe, Kirk T. (Knoxville, TN) [Knoxville, TN

    2010-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The disclosure describes directly cooling a three-dimensional, direct metallization (DM) layer in a power electronics device. To enable sufficient cooling, coolant flow channels are formed within the ceramic substrate. The direct metallization layer (typically copper) may be bonded to the ceramic substrate, and semiconductor chips (such as IGBT and diodes) may be soldered or sintered onto the direct metallization layer to form a power electronics module. Multiple modules may be attached to cooling headers that provide in-flow and out-flow of coolant through the channels in the ceramic substrate. The modules and cooling header assembly are preferably sized to fit inside the core of a toroidal shaped capacitor.

  14. Electronics Stewardship | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube|6721 Federal Register / Vol.6:Energy|Electrifying YourElectronicElectronics

  15. Electronic Registration Form - Hanford Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisitingContractElectron-State Hybridization in Heavy-Fermion SystemsElectronicAbout

  16. Refereed papers Implementing electronic medical record

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szolovits, Peter

    , Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory and Division of Health Sciences Technology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA Introduction The developing world currently faces- sponse.2,3 Early lessons from treatment programmes indicate that new systems of care are required

  17. The Astrophysical Journal, 752:57 (13pp), 2012 June 10 doi:10.1088/0004-637X/752/1/57 C 2012. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in the U.S.A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schneider, Glenn

    , University of Virginia, 530 McCormick Road, Charlottesville, VA 22903, USA 3 ETH Zrich, Institute Church Street SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA Received 2012 January 24; accepted 2012 March 27; published

  18. Electron density and electron temperature measurement in a bi-Maxwellian electron distribution using a derivative method of Langmuir probes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Choi, Ikjin; Chung, ChinWook [Department of Electrical Engineering, Hanyang University, 17 Haengdang-dong, Seongdong-gu, Seoul 133-791 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Electrical Engineering, Hanyang University, 17 Haengdang-dong, Seongdong-gu, Seoul 133-791 (Korea, Republic of); Youn Moon, Se [High-Enthalpy Plasma Research Center, Chonbuk National University, 567 Baekje-daero, Deokjin-gu, Jeonju, Jeollabuk-do 561-756 (Korea, Republic of)] [High-Enthalpy Plasma Research Center, Chonbuk National University, 567 Baekje-daero, Deokjin-gu, Jeonju, Jeollabuk-do 561-756 (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In plasma diagnostics with a single Langmuir probe, the electron temperature T{sub e} is usually obtained from the slope of the logarithm of the electron current or from the electron energy probability functions of current (I)-voltage (V) curve. Recently, Chen [F. F. Chen, Phys. Plasmas 8, 3029 (2001)] suggested a derivative analysis method to obtain T{sub e} by the ratio between the probe current and the derivative of the probe current at a plasma potential where the ion current becomes zero. Based on this method, electron temperatures and electron densities were measured and compared with those from the electron energy distribution function (EEDF) measurement in Maxwellian and bi-Maxwellian electron distribution conditions. In a bi-Maxwellian electron distribution, we found the electron temperature T{sub e} obtained from the method is always lower than the effective temperatures T{sub eff} derived from EEDFs. The theoretical analysis for this is presented.

  19. A pulsed electron gun for ultrafast electron diffraction at surfaces A. Janzen,a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    von der Linde, D.

    A pulsed electron gun for ultrafast electron diffraction at surfaces A. Janzen,a B. Krenzer, O The construction of a pulsed electron gun for ultrafast reflection high-energy electron diffraction experiments: a photocathode, consisting of a 10 nm thin Au film deposited onto a sapphire substrate. Electron pulses

  20. Proposal on Taxation of Electronic Commerce US Advisory Commission on Electronic Commerce

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peha, Jon M.

    p. 1 of 8 Proposal on Taxation of Electronic Commerce to the US Advisory Commission on Electronic of Recommendations Electronic commerce vendors should be required to keep verifiable records for tax audits third parties: electronic notaries and verifiers. A system of voluntary accreditation for electronic

  1. Electrical and Electronic Engineering Is Electrical and Electronic Engineering right for me?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harman, Neal.A.

    Electrical and Electronic Engineering Is Electrical and Electronic Engineering right for me? If you are interested in the study and application of electricity and electronics, Electrical and Electronic engineering may well suit you. The Electrical and Electronic Engineering course will focus on both large and small

  2. DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONIC & ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haddadi, Hamed

    DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONIC & ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING MSc NANO STUDENT NAME: Adam Orchard PROJECT for the imaging of live biological cells and the study of their electrical properties on the nanometre scale techniques. The microscope has provided some exceptional imaging capabilities however some of the electrical

  3. FIELD RELIABILITY OF ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    study of in-the-field experience of electronics reliability. Tage Elm. Abstract. This report and internally) induced failures. The report is not meant to be merely an indication of the state of the art for the re- liability prediction methods we know, but also as a contribution to the investigation of man-machine

  4. Electron gun controlled smart structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Martin, Jeffrey W. (Albuquerque, NM); Main, John Alan (Lexington, KY); Redmond, James M. (Albuquerque, NM); Henson, Tammy D. (Albuquerque, NM); Watson, Robert D. (Tijeras, NM)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Disclosed is a method and system for actively controlling the shape of a sheet of electroactive material; the system comprising: one or more electrodes attached to the frontside of the electroactive sheet; a charged particle generator, disposed so as to direct a beam of charged particles (e.g. electrons) onto the electrode; a conductive substrate attached to the backside of the sheet; and a power supply electrically connected to the conductive substrate; whereby the sheet changes its shape in response to an electric field created across the sheet by an accumulation of electric charge within the electrode(s), relative to a potential applied to the conductive substrate. Use of multiple electrodes distributed across on the frontside ensures a uniform distribution of the charge with a single point of e-beam incidence, thereby greatly simplifying the beam scanning algorithm and raster control electronics, and reducing the problems associated with "blooming". By placing a distribution of electrodes over the front surface of a piezoelectric film (or other electroactive material), this arrangement enables improved control over the distribution of surface electric charges (e.g. electrons) by creating uniform (and possibly different) charge distributions within each individual electrode. Removal or deposition of net electric charge can be affected by controlling the secondary electron yield through manipulation of the backside electric potential with the power supply. The system can be used for actively controlling the shape of space-based deployable optics, such as adaptive mirrors and inflatable antennae.

  5. Electron localization in liquid acetonitrile.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shkrob, I. A.; Sauer, M. C.; Chemistry

    2002-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Time-resolved one- and two-pulse laser dc photoconductivity has been used to observe two kinds of reducing species, anion-1 and anion-2, in liquid acetonitrile. At 25 C, the standard enthalpy of conversion from anion-1 to anion-2 is -44.3 {+-} 3.6 kJ/mol and the conversion time is 3 ns. The high-temperature form, anion-1, absorbs in the IR and migrates >3.3 times faster than any other ion in acetonitrile. This rapid migration has a low activation energy of 3.2 kJ/mol (vs 7.6 kJ/mol for other ions). Anion-1 rapidly transfers the electron to acceptors with high electron affinity, with rate constant up to 10{sup 11} M{sup -1} s{sup -1}. The low-temperature form, anion-2, absorbs in the visible and exhibits normal mobility and electron-transfer rates, ca. 1.5 x 10{sup 10} M{sup -1} s{sup -1}. It reacts, by proton transfer, with two hydrogen-bonded molecules of water and/or aliphatic alcohols. Laser photoexcitation of these two solvent anions in their respective absorption bands leads to the formation of CH{sub 3} and CN{sup -}. We present arguments indicating that anion-2 is a dimer radical anion of acetonitrile, whereas anion-1 is a multimer radical anion that may be regarded as a 'solvated electron'.

  6. Harsh environments electronics : downhole applications.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vianco, Paul Thomas

    2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The development and operational sustainment of renewable (geothermal) and non-renewable (fossil fuel) energy resources will be accompanied by increasingly higher costs factors: exploration and site preparation, operational maintenance and repair. Increased government oversight in the wake of the Gulf oil spill will only add to the cost burden. It is important to understand that downhole conditions are not just about elevated temperatures. It is often construed that military electronics are exposed to the upper limit in terms of extreme service environments. Probably the harshest of all service conditions for electronics and electrical equipment are those in oil, gas, and geothermal wells. From the technology perspective, advanced materials, sensors, and microelectronics devices are benefificial to the exploration and sustainment of energy resources, especially in terms of lower costs. Besides the need for the science that creates these breakthroughs - there is also a need for sustained engineering development and testing. Downhole oil, gas, and geothermal well applications can have a wide range of environments and reliability requirements: Temperature, Pressure, Vibration, Corrosion, and Service duration. All too frequently, these conditions are not well-defifined because the application is labeled as 'high temperature'. This ambiguity is problematic when the investigation turns to new approaches for electronic packaging solutions. The objective is to develop harsh environment, electronic packaging that meets customer requirements of cost, performance, and reliability. There are a number of challenges: (1) Materials sets - solder alloys, substrate materials; (2) Manufacturing process - low to middle volumes, low defect counts, new equipment technologies; and (3) Reliability testing - requirements documents, test methods and modeling, relevant standards documents. The cost to develop and sustain renewable and non-renewable energy resources will continue to escalate within the industry. Downhole electronics can provide a very cost-effective approach for well exploration and sustainment (data logging). However, the harsh environments are a 'game-changer' in terms defining materials, assembly processes and the long-term reliability of downhole electronic systems. The system-level approach will enable the integration of each of these contributors - materials, processes, and reliability - in order to deliver cost-effective electronics that meet customer requirements.

  7. Electron localization in solid acetonitrile.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shkrob, I. A.; Takeda, K.; Williams, F.; Chemistry; Univ. of Tennessee

    2002-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Electron localization in the bulk condensed phases of acetonitrile differs drastically from the corresponding processes that take place in water and aliphatic alcohols. In particular, electron capture following the ionization of liquid and solid acetonitrile yields well-defined radical anions in place of the largely structureless solvated and trapped electrons characteristic of irradiated solutions and rigid glasses. This is remarkable given the many similarities that exist not only between the intrinsic properties of these individual solvent molecules, such as polarity, but also in their cooperative capacity to function as solvents. Here, with the aid of detailed experimental and computational studies, we examine on a fundamental level what gives rise to such a sharp contrast in the behavior of these alkyl cyanides as compared to water and alcohols. EPR and optical spectra, and ab initio calculations on the radical anions are used together with diffraction data for the crystal structures to demonstrate that electron attachment to nitrile molecules in the crystalline state results in a significant bending of the linear CCN moiety. Moreover, in the formation of the dimer anions, which only takes place in certain crystalline phases, it is determined that the intermolecular bonding occurs between the cyanide carbons in an antiparallel arrangement. A staggered structure for the dimer anion in {alpha}-acetonitrile is then suggested, in which there is a nearly coplanar arrangement with the two bent CCN fragments. The resulting structure accounts for the observed EPR parameters, the position of the UV-vis absorption band, and the trends observed in the vibronic progressions for the four H/D isotopomers. The dimer radical anion in a-acetonitrile retains the same orientation and symmetry as that of the preexisting neutral {l_brace}CH{sub 3}CN{r_brace}{sub 2} pairs in this crystal despite the resulting changes in molecular geometry and in the translational coordinates for the cyanide carbons as the two acetonitrile molecules come together. We suggest that dimer anions of nitriles can form only in the phases where such 'antiparallel' pairs occur, including liquid systems; otherwise, the electron remains attached to a single molecule, as in {beta}-acetonitrile. Because electron capture by water or alcohol molecules in the condensed phase appears to require larger molecular clusters, the contrast between the behavior of these solvents and acetonitrile is attributable to the relative ease with which acetonitrile molecules in the crystal or solvent can undergo valence-electron attachment via their accessible low-lying {pi}* orbitals.

  8. The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 726:L22 (6pp), 2011 January 10 doi:10.1088/2041-8205/726/2/L22 C 2011. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in the U.S.A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frayer, David

    2011. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in the U.S.A. GREEN BANK, Green Bank, WV 24944, USA 2 Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA Padova, Italy 14 Instituto de Astrof´isica de Canarias, C/V´ia L´actea s Laguna, Spain 15 Physics

  9. IEEEUSA, 2001 L Street, N.W., Suite 700, Washington, D.C. 200365104 USA Office: +1 202 785 0017 Fax: +1 202 785 0835 Email: ieeeusa@ieee.org Web: www.ieeeusa.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    be most effectively utilized. This statement was developed by a Special IEEE-USA Task Force on Electric-United States of America (IEEE-USA), I am pleased to enclose a position statement on "Electricity Delivery STATEMENT ELECTRICITY DELIVERY WORKFORCE TRAINING Approved by the IEEE-USA Board of Directors (23 April 2009

  10. 2/15/2014 Tecnologia usa micro-moinhos de vento para recarregar telefones celulares -Cincia e tecnologia sade Digest http://dhemo.net/articles/37344.html 1/4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiao, Jung-Chih

    2/15/2014 Tecnologia usa micro-moinhos de vento para recarregar telefones celulares - Cincia e usa micro-moinhos de vento para recarregar telefones celulares Tecnologia usa micro-moinhos de vento para recarregar telefones celulares Postado em09/01/2014 17:00:00 +7 Ajnls a Google-on Associado da

  11. Electron Heating in Quasi-Perpendicular Shocks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mozer, F S

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Seventy crossings of the Earths bow shock by the THEMIS satellites have been used to study thermal electron heating in collisionless, quasi-perpendicular shocks. It was found that the temperature increase of thermal electrons differed from the magnetic field increase by factors as great as three, that the parallel electron temperature increase was not produced by parallel electric fields, and that the parallel and perpendicular electron temperature increases were the same on the average. It was also found that the perpendicular and parallel electron heating occurred simultaneously so that the isotropization time is the same as the heating time. These results cannot be explained by energy transfer from waves to electrons or by the motion of magnetized electrons through the shock. Electric field fluctuations on the scale of the electron gyro-diameter were found to be of finite amplitude in the shock ramp, which requires that the electron trajectories be more random and chaotic than orderly and adiabatic. The da...

  12. Meeting Review Outcome of the First Electron Microscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wriggers, Willy

    Richard Henderson,1 Andrej Sali,2 Matthew L. Baker,3 Bridget Carragher,4 Batsal Devkota,5 Kenneth H 22904, USA 8Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics Research Center and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Brandeis University, MS 029, Waltham, MA 02454, USA 11

  13. IBVS 6000, 2011 Budapest -A. Holl: Electronic IBVS technology 1 Electronic IBVS technology -

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holl, Andrs

    IBVS 6000, 2011 Budapest - A. Holl: Electronic IBVS technology 1 Electronic IBVS technology - innovation: past, present, future Andrs Holl Konkoly Observatory #12;IBVS 6000, 2011 Budapest - A. Holl: Electronic IBVS technology

  14. Sensitivity of nonlinear harmonic generation to electron beam quality in free-electron lasers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Jr. , Principles of Free-electron Lasers (Chapman & Hall,experiment," in Free Electron Laser Challenges II, Harold E.Beam Quality in Free-Electron Lasers* Sandra G . Biedron*f,

  15. Terawatt x-ray free-electron-laser optimization by transverse electron distribution shaping

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emma, C; Wu, J; Fang, K; Chen, S; Serkez, S; Pellegrini, C

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    33rd International Free Electron Laser Conference, Shanghai,TERAWATT X-RAY FREE-ELECTRON-LASER Phys. Rev. ST Accel.23rd International Free Electron Laser Conference and 8th

  16. EC-5 fifth international workshop on electron cyclotron emission and electron cyclotron heating

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prater, R.; Lohr, J. [eds.

    1985-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains papers on the following topics: electron cyclotron emission measurements; electron cyclotron emission theory; electron cyclotron heating; gyrotron development; and ECH systems and waveguide development. These paper have been indexed separately elsewhere. (LSP).

  17. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA Vol. 93, pp. 5675-5679, June 1996

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hardison, Ross C.

    in photosynthesis, where solar energy is used to take electrons from a "low-energy" donor such as H20 (evolving02 Biology, The Center for Gene Regulation, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 energy in the form of ATP in the process. Other hemoproteins catalyze a variety of oxidations, with roles

  18. 1715 The Meteoritical Society, 2006. Printed in USA. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 41, Nr 11, 17151720 (2006)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matrajt, Graciela

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in epoxy resin is a standard method for preparing ultra-thin sections for electron microscopy. In this report we describe a new embedding technique that uses acrylic resin instead of epoxy. This method offers be embedded in a suitable medium. Normally this medium is epoxy resin. In most respects, epoxy is an excellent

  19. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA Vol. 96, pp. 1121111216, September 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hecht, Michael H.

    to form amyloid fibrils. MATERIALS AND METHODS Construction of a Combinatorial Library of Synthetic Genes visible by electron microscopy as amyloid-like fibrils. Like natural amyloid, the de novo fibrils fibrils resembling amyloid. The model amyloid fibrils assemble and disassemble reversibly, providing

  20. On achieving the state's household recycling target: A case study of Northern New Jersey, USA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Otegbeye, M.; Abdel-Malek, L. [Department of Industrial and Management Systems Engineering, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, NJ 07102 (United States); Hsieh, H.N. [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, NJ 07102 (United States); Meegoda, J.N. [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, NJ 07102 (United States)], E-mail: meegoda@njit.edu

    2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent times, the State of New Jersey (USA) has been making attempts at promoting recycling as an environmentally friendly means of attaining self-sufficiency at waste disposal, and the state has put in place a 50% recycling target for its municipal solid waste stream. While the environmental benefits of recycling are obvious, a recycling program must be cost effective to ensure its long-term sustainability. In this paper, a linear programming model is developed to examine the current state of recycling in selected counties in Northern New Jersey and assess the needs to achieve the state's recycling goal in these areas. The optimum quantities of waste to be sent to the different waste facilities, which include landfills, incinerators, transfer stations, recycling and composting plants, are determined by the model. The study shows that for these counties, the gap between the current waste practices where the recycling rate stands at 32% and the state's goal can be bridged by more efficient utilization of existing facilities and reasonable investment in expanding those for recycling activities.

  1. Reliability and Geographic Trends of 50,000 Photovoltaic Systems in the USA: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jordan, D. C.; Kurtz, S. R.

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents performance and reliability data from nearly 50,000 photovoltaic (PV) systems totaling 1.7 gigawatts installed capacity in the USA from 2009 to 2012 and their geographic trends. About 90% of the normal systems and about 85% of all systems, including systems with known issues, performed to within 10% or better of expected performance. Although considerable uncertainty may exist due to the nature of the data, hotter climates appear to exhibit some degradation not seen in the more moderate climates. Special causes of underperformance and their impacts are delineated by reliability category. Hardware-related issues are dominated by inverter problems (totaling less than 0.5%) and underperforming modules (totaling less than 0.1%). Furthermore, many reliability categories show a significant decrease in occurrence from year 1 to subsequent years, emphasizing the need for higher-quality installations but also the need for improved standards development. The probability of PV system damage because of hail is below 0.05%. Singular weather events can have a significant impact such as a single lightning strike to a transformer or the impact of a hurricane. However, grid outages are more likely to have a significant impact than PV system damage when extreme weather events occur.

  2. Recovery Act: ArcelorMittal USA Blast Furnace Gas Flare Capture

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seaman, John

    2013-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) awarded a financial assistance grant under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act) to ArcelorMittal USA, Inc. (ArcelorMittal) for a project to construct and operate a blast furnace gas recovery boiler and supporting infrastructure at ArcelorMittals Indiana Harbor Steel Mill in East Chicago, Indiana. Blast furnace gas (BFG) is a by-product of blast furnaces that is generated when iron ore is reduced with coke to create metallic iron. BFG has a very low heating value, about 1/10th the heating value of natural gas. BFG is commonly used as a boiler fuel; however, before installation of the gas recovery boiler, ArcelorMittal flared 22 percent of the blast furnace gas produced at the No. 7 Blast Furnace at Indiana Harbor. The project uses the previously flared BFG to power a new high efficiency boiler which produces 350,000 pounds of steam per hour. The steam produced is used to drive existing turbines to generate electricity and for other requirements at the facility. The goals of the project included job creation and preservation, reduced energy consumption, reduced energy costs, environmental improvement, and sustainability.

  3. Extended Dry Storage of Used Nuclear Fuel: Technical Issues: A USA Perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McConnell, Paul; Hanson, Brady D.; Lee, Moo; Sorenson, Ken B.

    2011-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Used nuclear fuel will likely be stored dry for extended periods of time in the USA. Until a final disposition pathway is chosen, the storage periods will almost definitely be longer than were originally intended. The ability of the important-to-safety structures, systems and components (SSC's) continue to meet storage and transport safety functions over extended times must be determined. It must be assured that there is no significant degradation of the fuel or dry cask storage systems. Also, it is projected that the maximum discharge burnups of the used nuclear fuel will increase. Thus, it is necessary to obtain data on high burnup fuel to demonstrate that the used nuclear fuel remains intact after extended storage. An evaluation was performed to determine the conditions that may lead to failure of dry storage SSC's. This paper documents the initial technical gap analysis performed to identify data and modeling needs to develop the desired technical bases to ensure the safety functions of dry stored fuel.

  4. Electron

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField Campaign:INEAWater UseC Supports - Energy InnovationVehiclesdensity

  5. Electron

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField Campaign:INEAWater UseC Supports - Energy

  6. Practical Witness for Electronic Coherences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allan S. Johnson; Joel Yuen-Zhou; Aln Aspuru-Guzik; Jacob J. Krich

    2014-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The origin of the coherences in two-dimensional spectroscopy of photosynthetic complexes remains disputed. Recently it has been shown that in the ultrashort-pulse limit, oscillations in a frequency-integrated pump-probe signal correspond exclusively to electronic coherences, and thus such experiments can be used to form a test for electronic vs. vibrational oscillations in such systems. Here we demonstrate a method for practically implementing such a test, whereby pump-probe signals are taken at several different pulse durations and used to extrapolate to the ultrashort-pulse limit. We present analytic and numerical results determining requirements for pulse durations and the optimal choice of pulse central frequency, which can be determined from an absorption spectrum. Our results suggest that for numerous systems the required experiment could be implemented by many ultrafast spectroscopy laboratories using pulses of tens of femtoseconds in duration. Such experiments could resolve the standing debate over the nature of coherences in photosynthetic complexes.

  7. Amorphous-diamond electron emitter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Falabella, Steven (Livermore, CA)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An electron emitter comprising a textured silicon wafer overcoated with a thin (200 .ANG.) layer of nitrogen-doped, amorphous-diamond (a:D-N), which lowers the field below 20 volts/micrometer have been demonstrated using this emitter compared to uncoated or diamond coated emitters wherein the emission is at fields of nearly 60 volts/micrometer. The silicon/nitrogen-doped, amorphous-diamond (Si/a:D-N) emitter may be produced by overcoating a textured silicon wafer with amorphous-diamond (a:D) in a nitrogen atmosphere using a filtered cathodic-arc system. The enhanced performance of the Si/a:D-N emitter lowers the voltages required to the point where field-emission displays are practical. Thus, this emitter can be used, for example, in flat-panel emission displays (FEDs), and cold-cathode vacuum electronics.

  8. MIPP Plastic Ball electronics upgrade

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baldin, Boris; /Fermilab

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An upgrade electronics design for Plastic Ball detector is described. The Plastic Ball detector was a part of several experiments in the past and its back portion (proposed to be used in MIPP) consists of 340 photomultipliers equipped with a sandwich scintillator. The scintillator sandwich has fast and slow signal component with decay times 10 ns and 1 {micro}s respectively. The upgraded MIPP experiment will collect up to 12,000 events during each 4 second spill and read them out in {approx}50 seconds between spills. The MIPP data acquisition system will employ deadtime-less concept successfully implemented in Muon Electronics of Dzero experiment at Fermilab. An 8-channel prototype design of the Plastic Ball Front End (PBFE) implementing these requirements is discussed. Details of the schematic design, simulation and prototype test results are discussed.

  9. Sandia National Laboratories: Power Electronics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiationImplementingnpitche Home AboutMeeting: ProgramFebruaryJunePower Electronics

  10. Electronic structure of superconductivity refined

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisitingContractElectron-State Hybridization in

  11. PROCEEDINGS OF THE 14TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON ICE POTSDAM/NEWYORK/USA/27-31 JULY 1998

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PROCEEDINGS OF THE 14TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON ICE POTSDAM/NEWYORK/USA/27-31 JULY 1998 Ice/ROTTERDAM/BROOKFIELD/ 1998 #12;Ice in Surface WatelS, Shen (ed.)@ 1998 Balkema, Rotterdam, ISBN 90 5410 971 8 Ice-on, ice-off, and ice duration for lakes and rivers with long-term records R.A.Assel & L. R. Rerche NOAA, Great Lakes

  12. 4.10 Earthquake Hydrology M. Manga and C.-Y. Wang, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manga, Michael

    4.10 Earthquake Hydrology M. Manga and C.-Y. Wang, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA ª 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. 4.10.1 Introduction 293 4.10.2 Hydrologic Response.10.3.3 Mud Volcanoes 310 4.10.3.4 Geysers 311 4.10.4 Feedback between Earthquakes and Hydrology 312 4

  13. Physics and Astronomy Engineering Electronics Concentration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thaxton, Christopher S.

    Physics and Astronomy Engineering Electronics Concentration Strongly recommended courses Credits PHY 3230 Thermal Physics 2 PHY 4330 Digital Electronics 3 PHY 4635 Advanced Microprocessors Grade PHY 4020 Computational Methods in Physics & Engineering 3 PHY 4620 Optics 4 PHY 4735

  14. electronic reprint Acta Crystallographica Section B

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brock, Carolyn P.

    electronic reprint Acta Crystallographica Section B Structural Science, Crystal Engineering page is retained. Republication of this article or its storage in electronic databases other than Science, Crystal Engineering and Materials Editors: Alexander J. Blake and Marc de Boissieu journals

  15. POLYIMIDE COATINGS FOR ELECTRONICS ridyid KMeinfelcl-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kleinfeld, David

    / POLYIMIDE COATINGS FOR ELECTRONICS ridyid KMeinfelcl- .Room 6H-.424 ' ' ATT Bell Laboratgri^;5i existing patent. Dn Pnnt Tpa4o Printriin tift & #12;POLYIMIDE COATINGS FOR ELECTRONICS \\ PRODUCT

  16. Spin effects in single-electron transistors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Granger, Ghislain

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Basic electron transport phenomena observed in single-electron transistors (SETs) are introduced, such as Coulomb-blockade diamonds, inelastic cotunneling thresholds, the spin-1/2 Kondo effect, and Fano interference. With ...

  17. for Pulsed Power & erElectronics|Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gelfond, Michael

    for Pulsed Power and Power Electronics The Center for Pulsed Power and Power Electronics started as a Plasma research group at Texas Tech University in 1966. The initial work was concerned with har- monic ion

  18. Advanced Power Electronic Interfaces for Distributed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Advanced Power Electronic Interfaces for Distributed Energy Systems Part 2: Modeling, Development Electronic Interfaces for Distributed Energy Systems Part 2: Modeling, Development, and Experimental, and Experimental Evaluation of Advanced Control Functions for Single-Phase Utility-Connected Inverter S

  19. Engineering nanocarbon interfaces for electron transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hilmer, Andrew J. (Andrew Joseph)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electron-transfer reactions at nanometer-scale interfaces, such as those presented by single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs), are important for emerging optoelectronic and photovoltaic technologies. Electron transfer also ...

  20. Electron Microscopy | Center for Functional Nanomaterials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Capabilities Atomic-resolution imaging of internal materials structure with scanning transmission and transmission electron microscopy Spectroscopic characterization with...