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1

The Department of Energy's Management of the Award of a $150 Million Recovery Act Grant to LG Chem Michigan Inc., OAS-RA-13-10  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Management of the Award of a $150 Management of the Award of a $150 Million Recovery Act Grant to LG Chem Michigan Inc. OAS-RA-13-10 February 2013 Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 February 8, 2013 MEMORANDUM FOR THE UNDER SECRETARY OF ENERGY FROM: Gregory H. Friedman Inspector General SUBJECT: INFORMATION: Special Report on "The Department of Energy's Management of the Award of a $150 Million Recovery Act Grant to LG Chem Michigan Inc." BACKGROUND The Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program was established to develop and deploy efficient and environmentally friendly highway transportation technologies to reduce the Nation's dependence on foreign oil and provide greater energy security. The Vehicle Technologies Program received $2.4 billion under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act

2

LG Siltron | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LG Siltron LG Siltron Jump to: navigation, search Name LG Siltron Place Seoul, Korea (Republic) Sector Services, Solar Product Developer and manufacturer of silicon wafers for the semiconductor industry; services the solar sector. Coordinates 37.557121°, 126.977379° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.557121,"lon":126.977379,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

3

L:LCB:lg  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

L:LCB:lg L:LCB:lg '. ,. ), .; ..:.;; ~ .,. Fhazmon sAmi.now uatsri.als co. 7356 sanca !.tonioa Boulevard Eollymod 46, Calif. Attr Mr. J. 2. Alburger CslItlI%LOIll - Ootober, 9, l&2 ,:;.. ~. Tk have your letter dabed Ootobor~B, 1962 &ah is euffioient to give w a better plotwe of the we wblch you propose to make ofuraniumoorrpovndE inluud.now'paintpignonts. We are attaahing licanse number C-2663 uhi&.permits you to purchase three pounds ofuraniumoompounda for demlop3mt mrk. 1% want ybu to understand in admum, hovemar, that we till bc reluctant to JESUS additional liconm3e for production of lumin- ow paints exceptforpignenta to be wed ex~lwiwly inprodu~ta having ntilitaqy or olearly defined industrial &ility. znclosurea Lioewe Eoo, C-2863

4

SUBJECT: MEMORANDUM DAu&!Lg)_)~Q-----__  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

SUBJECT: SUBJECT: MEMORANDUM DAu&!Lg)_)~Q-----__ :::I: R~&a~.a cp"pwy ALTERNATE . -- --- ------------------ NAME : ---------------------- CITY: e.&mrd --B---s-------- STATE: -&+- -------------------------- date contacted ------------- TYPE OF OPERATION ----------------- 0 Research b Devrlopment q Facility Type 0 Production scale testing 8 Pilot Scale Bench Seal e Process 0 Theoretical Studies 0 Sample & Analysis @ Manuf l cturing 0 University IJ Research Organization 0 Government Sponsored Facility 0 Other --------------------- 0 Production Cl Disposal /Storage TY?Z OF CONTRACT ---------------- 0 Prime 0 Subcontract& 7 Purchase Order 0 Other information (i.e., cost + fixed fee, unit price, time & material, ate) ----e-w

5

Q-Chem at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Q-Chem Q-Chem Q-Chem Description Q-Chem is a modern object-oriented quantum chemistry program. A variety of electronic structure methods (Hartree-Fock/SCF ,DFT, MPn, Coupled Cluster) are available. Q-Chem also includes a suite of tools for chemical and spectroscopic properties analysis. Some of the methods in Q-Chem run only in serial mode - you cannot use these methods with more than one processor. Check the manual carefuly to see if the method you want to use can take advantage of more than one processor or not. How to Access Q-Chem NERSC uses modules to manage access to software. To use the default version of Q-Chem, type: % module load qchem Running Q-Chem on Carver To run qchem parallel jobs interactively on Carver, you need to request a batch session using qsub -I command.

6

LG Electronics v. DOE - Defendants' Brief in Opposition to Plaintiff LG  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electronics v. DOE - Defendants' Brief in Opposition to Electronics v. DOE - Defendants' Brief in Opposition to Plaintiff LG Electronics' Motion for a Preliminary Injunction LG Electronics v. DOE - Defendants' Brief in Opposition to Plaintiff LG Electronics' Motion for a Preliminary Injunction December 23, 2009 DOE filed a brief in opposition to LG Electronic's motion for preliminary injunction. Issuance of an injunction would prevent DOE from revoking an exception to a 2008 agreement whereby LG could temporarily continue to test certain fill tubes and ice ejection heaters for ENERGY STAR compliance while they are in the "off" rather than the "on" position. On January 18, 2010, the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia issued its decision in Civil Action No. 09-2297, denying LG's

7

LG Dismisses Lawsuit against DOE over Energy Star Enforcement | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

LG Dismisses Lawsuit against DOE over Energy Star Enforcement LG Dismisses Lawsuit against DOE over Energy Star Enforcement LG Dismisses Lawsuit against DOE over Energy Star Enforcement May 28, 2010 - 2:32pm Addthis DOE announced today that LG Electronics voluntarily dismissed its lawsuit against DOE over the Department's decision to require LG to use the same energy efficiency tests as other manufacturers and to withdraw the Energy Star label from certain LG refrigerators. The Department's decision also had the effect of requiring LG to cease distributing those refrigerators in commerce no later than March 17, 2010. LG had sought a preliminary injunction against DOE's action last December but lost. LG then proceeded to remove the Energy Star label from the affected products and ceased distributing them in commerce by the March deadline. Nevertheless, the

8

DOE Reaches Agreement with LG Electronics, USA, On Refrigerator Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reaches Agreement with LG Electronics, USA, On Refrigerator Reaches Agreement with LG Electronics, USA, On Refrigerator Energy Matter DOE Reaches Agreement with LG Electronics, USA, On Refrigerator Energy Matter November 14, 2008 - 4:47pm Addthis ENERGY STAR® Program Continues to Help American Consumers Make Energy Efficient Choices WASHINGTON - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced an agreement with LG Electronics, USA, Inc. (LG), resolving concerns related to energy usage measurements reported on LG French Door refrigerators with through-the-door ice and water service. The ENERGY STAR® program helps American consumers make energy efficient choices, saving billions of dollars while protecting the environment by using identified energy efficient products and practices. "DOE believes that the actions LG plans to take will benefit consumers and

9

LG to DOE General Counsel; Re:Request for Comment on Large Capacity...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LG to DOE General Counsel; Re:Request for Comment on Large Capacity Clothes Washers LG to DOE General Counsel; Re:Request for Comment on Large Capacity Clothes Washers LG response...

10

LgCOOleS, Se*&,,  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

; "Ofice Mem ; "Ofice Mem . m *" ' ' *IilCl:t Consists of & " ' / Of LgCOOleS, Se*&,, es * UNITED STATES G-OVERNM NT <;$)~~ 3i;t-j /Lj ' , ~~~' jCjC;O c) TO I LT. :s. Clnr!te, ,;or,~~~,~' , -.,,..:-:-Y"' r~-;i~.L.-Z.:r DATE: uL"C!.,?r 6, 1' ?L9 A meting mj: !1:1d in i:1CG bet,. _ ^ .- ',cel representatives 51 ;.2rshz:i sr.3 the A;.35 to nwotiztc .the prices for producing FY-1: (brow oxise), _1 I%-; (green salt and .?T-12 (he::.-iZluoriic) fcr the sc2or.d 3,uarter of fisc21 1950, (Cctober, Z:ove-r.ber, 2c?Ce.:lxr l?L?). Th-: foll;:~:i;.E xttcndcd the mztin:: "-Tsh-:, -.,q ..__ _id.l - 1;. 2. 9till;Iell

11

U.S. District Court Upholds DOE's Action Against LG to Enforce...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

District Court Upholds DOE's Action Against LG to Enforce ENERGY STAR Requirements U.S. District Court Upholds DOE's Action Against LG to Enforce ENERGY STAR Requirements January...

12

LG Electronics v. DOE - Defendants' Brief in Opposition to Plaintiff...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to a 2008 agreement whereby LG could temporarily continue to test certain fill tubes and ice ejection heaters for ENERGY STAR compliance while they are in the "off" rather than the...

13

ZeaChem Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ZeaChem Inc ZeaChem Inc Jump to: navigation, search Logo: ZeaChem Inc Name ZeaChem Inc Address 165 South Union Boulevard Place Lakewood, Colorado Zip 80228 Sector Biofuels Product Ethanol producer Website http://www.zeachem.com/ Coordinates 39.7123389°, -105.1332572° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.7123389,"lon":-105.1332572,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

14

TEE-0025 - In the Matter of LG Electronics, Inc. | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 - In the Matter of LG Electronics, Inc. 5 - In the Matter of LG Electronics, Inc. TEE-0025 - In the Matter of LG Electronics, Inc. This Decision and Order considers an Application for Exception filed by LG Electronics, Inc. (LG) seeking exception relief from the provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers and Freezers (Refrigerator Efficiency Standards). In its exception request, LG asserts that the firm would suffer a gross inequity if required to adhere to the Refrigerator Efficiency Standards, codified at 10 C.F.R. § 430.32. If LG's Application for Exception were granted, LG would receive exception relief from the energy efficiency standard applicable to a new automatic defrost refrigerator-freezer, with bottom mounted freezer and

15

LG Electronics U.S.A. v. DOE, Stipulation of Voluntary Dismissal |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

LG Electronics U.S.A. v. DOE, Stipulation of Voluntary Dismissal LG Electronics U.S.A. v. DOE, Stipulation of Voluntary Dismissal LG Electronics U.S.A. v. DOE, Stipulation of Voluntary Dismissal May 28, 2010 LG Electronics U.S.A., Inc. v. U.S. Dept. of Energy and Steven Chu, Civil Action Number 1:09-cv-02297-JDB, Stipulation of Voluntary Dismissal. LG here voluntarily dismisses its claims against the DOE and Secretary Chu. Parties agree that DOE believes its interpretation of the November 14, 2008 Settlement Agreement is correct, but that LG interpreted the agreement fairly and in good faith. To DOE's knowledge, LG is fulfilling the obligations of that Agreeement, as well as the November 10, 2009 order. DOE's December 18, 2009 Guidance is the first industry-wide clarification for energy efficiency testing procedures for the fill tube and ice ejection

16

Atmos. Chem. Phys.,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4265-4278, 4265-4278, 2013 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/4265/2013/ doi:10.5194/acp-13-4265-2013 © Author(s) 2013. CC Attribution 3.0 License. Sciences cess Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Open Access Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Open Access Biogeosciences Open Access Climate of the Past Open Access Earth System Dynamics Open Access Geoscientific Instrumentation Methods and

17

LG to DOE General Counsel; Re:Request for Comment on Large Capacity Clothes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to DOE General Counsel; Re:Request for Comment on Large Capacity to DOE General Counsel; Re:Request for Comment on Large Capacity Clothes Washers LG to DOE General Counsel; Re:Request for Comment on Large Capacity Clothes Washers LG response to DOE's request for information regarding alternative test procedures for large-capacity clothes washer models, December 7, 2010. After DOE requested the views of interested parties concerning implementation of an alternative test procedure for large-capacity clothes washer models, i.e., those in excess of 3.8 cu ft, LG Vice President of Government Relations and Communications, John I. Taylor, submits this letter outlining LG's views on the set of "unique circumstances." LG response to DOE's request for information regarding alternative test procedures for large-capacity clothes washer models, December 7, 2010.

18

U.S. District Court Upholds DOE's Action Against LG to Enforce ENERGY STAR  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

District Court Upholds DOE's Action Against LG to Enforce District Court Upholds DOE's Action Against LG to Enforce ENERGY STAR Requirements U.S. District Court Upholds DOE's Action Against LG to Enforce ENERGY STAR Requirements January 19, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, D.C. - On Monday, the United States District Court for the District of Columbia upheld the Department of Energy's decision to remove the ENERGY STAR® label from certain inefficient LG refrigerator-freezer models. As part of its expanded energy efficient enforcement efforts, DOE had taken steps over the past few months to remove the label from these products, which independent testing had shown were consuming significantly more energy than allowed by the ENERGY STAR® program. "The Court has affirmed our efforts to protect consumers and the

19

Microsoft Word - LG response to DOE letter to clothes washer waivers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

LG ELECTRONICS LG ELECTRONICS 1776 K Street NW Washington, DC 20006 By email: GC_comments@hq.doe.gov December 7, 2010 Scott Blake Harris, Esq. General Counsel United States Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585 Re: Alternative test procedure for large-capacity clothes washer models Dear Mr. Harris, Thank you for seeking the views of interested parties concerning implementation of an alternative test procedure for large-capacity clothes washer models, i.e., those in excess of 3.8 cu ft. You appropriately state that the situation you have described presents a set of "unique circumstances." LG Electronics' suggestions herein are crafted in light of these unique circumstances. As discussed herein, LG Electronics believes that there is a relatively simple and

20

DOE Defends Decision to Revoke Energy Star Designation for Certain LG Refrigerators  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

On December 23, 2009, the Government filed itsbriefin opposition to LG Electronics' motion for a preliminary injunction in the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lg chem type" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

LG/BV series water lubrication VSD oil-free screw compressor ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

LG/BV series water lubrication VSD oil-free screw compressor,Kunshan CompAirs Machinery Plant Co.,Ltd is the leading air compressor manufacturer and ...

22

C-13 NMR 68 Chem 355 Jasperse C-13 NMR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

C-13 NMR 68 Chem 355 Jasperse C-13 NMR I. Introduction to Spectroscopy Spectroscopy involves. In organic chemistry, the most important type of spectroscopy is "NMR" ("Nuclear Magnetic Resonance" spectroscopy). NMR spectroscopy is routinely used for chemical analysis, whether to identify the structure

Jasperse, Craig P.

23

PNNL-Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF)-Chem Modeling in Mexico | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF)-Chem Modeling in Mexico Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF)-Chem Modeling in Mexico Jump to: navigation, search Name PNNL-Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF)-Chem Modeling in Mexico Agency/Company /Organization Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Sector Energy Topics Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Health, Background analysis Resource Type Publications Website http://www.pnl.gov/atmospheric Country Mexico UN Region Latin America and the Caribbean References PNNL-Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF)-Chem Modeling in Mexico[1] PNNL Publications on WRF-Chem modeling in Mexico include: Fast JD, M Shrivastava, RA Zaveri, and JC. Barnard. 2010. "Modeling particulates and direct radiative forcing from urban to synoptic scales downwind of Mexico City." Annual European Geosciences Union Assembly,

24

Anjan Etho Chem Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Etho Chem Pvt Ltd Etho Chem Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Anjan Etho Chem Pvt Ltd Place Bangalore, Karnataka, India Zip 560009 Product Bangalore based firm that has developed a scalable, low cost sustainable continuous process method for making fuel grade ethanol. The company has also developed technology to produce biodiesel from algae. Coordinates 12.97092°, 77.60482° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":12.97092,"lon":77.60482,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

25

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 55335550, 2013 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/5533/2013/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 5533­5550, 2013 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/5533/2013/ doi:10.5194/acp-13-5533-2013 © Author(s) 2013. CC Attribution 3.0 License. Sciences cess Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Open in Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss.: 9 October 2012 Revised: 28 March 2013 ­ Accepted: 4 May 2013 ­ Published: 6

Meskhidze, Nicholas

26

ARM - Campaign Instrument - wrf-chem  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Model Output (WRF-CHEM) Instrument Categories Surface Meteorology, Derived...

27

Calibrating the ChemCam LIBS for Carbonate Minerals on Mars  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

The ChemCam instrument suite on board the NASA Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) rover includes the first LIBS instrument for extraterrestrial applications. Here we examine carbonate minerals in a simulated martian environment using the LIDS technique in order to better understand the in situ signature of these materials on Mars. Both chemical composition and rock type are determined using multivariate analysis (MVA) techniques. Composition is confirmed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) techniques. Our initial results suggest that ChemCam can recognize and differentiate between carbonate materials on Mars.

Wiens, Roger C.; Clegg, Samuel M.; Ollila, Ann M.; Barefield, James E.; Lanza, Nina; Newsom, Horton E.

2009-00-00T23:59:59.000Z

28

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 6, 54355444, 2006 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/6/5435/2006/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: simulations of laboratory experiments, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 4, 2285­2311, 2004. Daubert, T. E. and Danner, R. P- ular bonds in Alkanediols.IV. The Thermochemical study of 1,2-Alkanediols at 298,15 K, Thermochim. Acta

Meskhidze, Nicholas

29

Chemical Consortium Holdings Inc ChemCon | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Consortium Holdings Inc ChemCon Consortium Holdings Inc ChemCon Jump to: navigation, search Name Chemical Consortium Holdings Inc (ChemCon) Place Bellingham, Washington State Zip 98228 Sector Hydro, Hydrogen Product Develops and operates projects in the bioethanol, biodiesel, methanol, hydrogen and liquid natural gas industries. References Chemical Consortium Holdings Inc (ChemCon)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Chemical Consortium Holdings Inc (ChemCon) is a company located in Bellingham, Washington State . References ↑ "Chemical Consortium Holdings Inc (ChemCon)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Chemical_Consortium_Holdings_Inc_ChemCon&oldid=343459

30

ChemMatCARS Data Archive  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

ChemMatCARS is a high-brilliance national synchrotron x-ray facility dedicated primarily to static and dynamic condensed matter chemistry and materials science. The scientific focus of the facility includes the study of surface and interfacial properties of liquids and solids as well as their bulk structure at atomic, molecular and mesoscopic length scales with high spatial and energy resolution. Experimental techniques supported by the facility include: 1) Liquid Surface X-ray Scattering; 2) Solid Surface X-ray Scattering; 3) Time-Resolved Crystallography; 4) Micro-Crystal Diffraction; 5) Small and Wide-angle X-ray Scattering. The data archive referenced here contains data for various components along the beamline within the First Optics Enclosure and is intended to be input or parameter data. See the Science Nuggets at http://cars9.uchicago.edu/chemmat/pages/nuggets.html for leads to some of the research conducted at the ChemMatCARS beamline.

31

Precision air data support for chem/bio attack response .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The defense response against chemical and biological (Chem/bio) weapons has gained a renewed focus in light of the 11 Sept 2001 terrorist attack. A successful (more)

Tan, Kwang Liang

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

ChemSheet as a Simulation Platform for Pyrometallurgical Processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and spreadsheet expert system for the design of superheaters in mixed and biofuel boilers. Recent pyrometallurgical ChemSheet models encompass Cu- flash...

33

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 42894301, 2011 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/11/4289/2011/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Takahashi Department of Earth and Planetary Systems Science, Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan Received: 20 October 2010 ­ Published in Atmos. Chem and succinic acids. Thus, it is advisable that the cooling Correspondence to: Y. Takahashi (ytakaha@hiroshima

Meskhidze, Nicholas

34

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 76957710, 2013 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/7695/2013/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Department of Earth and Planetary Systems Science, Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan 2Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, 5. Takahashi (ytakaha@hiroshima-u.ac.jp) Received: 21 January 2013 ­ Published in Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss

35

ChemCam is having a blast on Mars  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

year). The ChemCam laser onboard the rover directs the equivalent energy of a million light bulbs into a spot the size of a pinhead and in five nanoseconds vaporizes what it...

36

Protection of Public Transportation Nodes Against Chem/Bio Terrorism  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Protection of Public Transportation Nodes Against ChemBio Terrorism Speaker(s): Susanna Gordon Date: November 16, 2001 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar HostPoint of Contact:...

37

ChemCam laser first analyses yield beautiful results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

laser first analyses ChemCam laser first analyses yield beautiful results The laser instrument has fired nearly 500 shots so far that have produced strong, clear data about the...

38

Comment on "Negative heat capacities and first order phase transitions in nuclei" by L.G. Moretto et al  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a recent paper L.G. Moretto et al [nucl-th/0208024] claim that the negative heat capacities presented in our previously published paper \\cite{PRL2000} are "artifacts" coming from the use of periodic boundary conditions in the Lattice-Gas calculations. We stress in this comment that this claim is wrong: in ref. \\cite{PRL2000} we did not use periodic boundary conditions and anyhow the boundary conditions are irrelevant for the statistical ensemble used in \\cite{PRL2000}. The second claim of [nucl-th/0208024] is that, because of the Coulomb repulsion, systems "with A>60 should present no anomalous negative heat capacities". We show that this conclusion is contradicted by exact Lattice-gas simulations including Coulomb forces which present negative heat capacities even for A>200.

F. Gulminelli; Ph. Chomaz

2003-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

39

Comment on "Negative heat capacities and first order phase transitions in nuclei" by L.G. Moretto et al  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a recent paper L.G. Moretto et al [nucl-th/0208024] claim that the negative heat capacities presented in our previously published paper \\cite{PRL2000} are "artifacts" coming from the use of periodic boundary conditions in the Lattice-Gas calculations. We stress in this comment that this claim is wrong: in ref. \\cite{PRL2000} we did not use periodic boundary conditions and anyhow the boundary conditions are irrelevant for the statistical ensemble used in \\cite{PRL2000}. The second claim of [nucl-th/0208024] is that, because of the Coulomb repulsion, systems "with A>60 should present no anomalous negative heat capacities". We show that this conclusion is contradicted by exact Lattice-gas simulations including Coulomb forces which present negative heat capacities even for A>200.

Gulminelli, F; Chomaz, Ph.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Introduction to NMR Spectroscopy and Physics. C-13 NMR in more detail than "Summary" 83 Chem 355 Jasperse C-13 NMR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction to NMR Spectroscopy and Physics. C-13 NMR in more detail than "Summary" 83 Chem 355 Jasperse C-13 NMR I. Introduction to Spectroscopy Spectroscopy involves gaining information from, the most important type of spectroscopy is "NMR" ("Nuclear Magnetic Resonance" spectroscopy). NMR

Jasperse, Craig P.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lg chem type" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

1452 J. Am. Chem. SOC. np K R Z -2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

values of AG*, AG1,and AG2,I4 there may be con- structed the averaged cartoon of Figure 2. Inspection, 79075-88-0; 0 2 , 7782-44-7. (19) Bunting, J. W. Adu. Heterocycl. Chem 1979, 25, 1. (20) (a) 5-Ethyl-l0

Boxer, Steven G.

42

Data Transfer Tool for ChemWorks, v 4.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Data Transfer Tool version 4.0 is used for multiple applications supplied by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) including Smart ChemWorks (User Group members and new installations), FastTrack, and CC ChemExpert. This is a major revision to the software that supports Smart ChemWorks data transfer process Description The Data Transfer Tool is required to support Smart ChemWorks, CC ChemExpert and FastTrack data transfer to EPRI. The software is installed on clients' machines, configured to co...

2007-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

43

KKL Fuel Surveillance Following First Online NobleChem Application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Kernkraftwerk Leibstadt AG (KKL) is one of the world's largest boiling water reactors (BWRs), and it is being operated with one of the highest core power densities. The plant started Online Noble Chem Application (ONLC) in late 2008. The fuel has been inspected by measuring visual appearance and fuel rod growth, as well as measuring Zirconium oxide and crud thickness using Westinghouse's "Magnacrox" method to determine the effect of the direct transition from normal water chemistry (NWC) to hydrogen wate...

2011-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

44

CHEM2D. 2-D, 3-Phase Chemical Flood Simulator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CHEM2D is a two-dimensional, three-phase, nine component, finite difference chemical flood simulator. It can model primary depletion, waterfloods, polymer floods, and micellar/polymer floods using heterogeneous one or two-dimensional (areal or cross-sectional) reservoir descriptions. This includes the ability to model primary depletion and waterflooding of an undersaturated oil reservoir and a polymer flood in which gels are injected with polymer or cross-linking chemicals are injected. One injection well and up to four production wells are available. The user may specify well performance as either rate or pressure constrained, and both a constant time-step size and a variable time-step size based on extrapolation of concentration changes are available as options. The major physical phenomena modeled in CHEM2D are: adsorption, capillary pressure, capillary trapping, cation exchange, dilution, dispersion, interfacial tension, binary and ternary phase behavior, relative permeability, specific densities, and polymer properties (inaccessible pore volume, non-Newtonian viscosity and shear thinning, and permeability reduction). Components include water, oil, surfactant, polymer, total nonsorbing anions, calcium, alcohol, calcium-surfactant complex, and sodium. Components may partition amongst the aqueous, oleic, and microemulsion phases. An auxiliary program, PHASE, is included to provide the CHEM2D user with a tool for looking directly at the phase behavior of a system. PHASE is the phase behavior calculation of CHEM2D coupled with a driving program for generating ternary phase behavior input data and for writing out tabular results. It can be used to compute phase concentrations and saturations as a function of effective salinity and total component concentrations and phase saturations (relative volumes) as a function of effective salinity for a fixed set of total component concentrations.

Burtch, F.W. [USDOE Bartlesville Energy Technology Center, OK (United States)

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

TYPE OF OPERATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

OWNEF? (S) OWNEF? (S) Current: ____ LcrcJksLG! _________ Owner contacted n yes WI-IO; if yes, date contacted-- TYPE OF OPERATION ----_-------_---- m Research & Development Cl Pilot Scale Cl Disposal/Storaqe TYPE OF CDNTRACT ---__------__--- q Prime 0 Subcnntractor Cl Purchase Order 0 Other infcrmation (i.e., cnst + fixed fee, unit price, time 84 materi+, e.tc) v-7Y07-&G-W ---------------------------- Contract/Pur&aae Order # 0 -?+7- FJc-(CL --___--------~----_______________ CONTRACTING PEXIOD: fl& ,&I;'"'-?;': (&e-?)_-- ' ------------------ OWNERSHIP: AEC/MED GEC/MED SOVT GOVT CONTRACTOR CCNTRACTOR OWNE3 LEASE3 OWNE3 LEASED OWNE3 ----- ------ ----- ------ -__------- LE.352 LANDS u u q BUILDINGS EQUIPMENT 0 FINAL PRODUCT WASTE G RESIDUE a

46

JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ORGANIC CHEMISTRY J. Phys. Org. Chem. 2004; 17: 735739  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bride JM. Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Engl. 1992; 31: 1­26. 31. Kaminsky W, Geday M, Herreros-Cedres J, Kahr B

Kaminsky, Werner

47

LANL's ChemCam conducts first laser test over the weekend | National...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

LANL's ChemCam conducts first laser test over the weekend | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the...

48

COMMUNICATIONS Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2002, 41, No. 15 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH, 69451 Weinheim, Germany, 2002 1433-7851/02/4115-2773 $ 20.00+.50/0 2773  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in solids Miroslav Rube and Ota Bludský, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2008, 10, 2611 Induction effects in metal

Wang, Jianbo

49

ChemCloud: Chemical e-Science Information Cloud  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Our Chemical e-Science Information Cloud (ChemCloud) - a Semantic Web based eScience infrastructure - integrates and automates a multitude of databases, tools and services in the domain of chemistry, pharmacy and bio-chemistry available at the Fachinformationszentrum Chemie (FIZ Chemie), at the Freie Universitaet Berlin (FUB), and on the public Web. Based on the approach of the W3C Linked Open Data initiative and the W3C Semantic Web technologies for ontologies and rules it semantically links and integrates knowledge from our W3C HCLS knowledge base hosted at the FUB, our multi-domain knowledge base DBpedia (Deutschland) implemented at FUB, which is extracted from Wikipedia (De) providing a public semantic resource for chemistry, and our well-established databases at FIZ Chemie such as ChemInform for organic reaction data, InfoTherm the leading source for thermophysical data, Chemisches Zentralblatt, the complete chemistry knowledge from 1830 to 1969, and ChemgaPedia the largest and most frequented e-Learning...

Todor, Alexandru; Heineke, Stephan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

ChemCam laser sets its sights on first martian target  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

First martian target First martian target ChemCam laser sets its sights on first martian target The successful capture of ChemCam's first 10 photos sets the stage for the first test bursts of the instrument's rock-zapping laser in the near future. August 17, 2012 Curiosity zaps Mars for vital signs: ChemCam, designed by Lab team, looks for elements such as carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen, all of which are crucial for life. Curiosity zaps Mars for vital signs: ChemCam, designed by Lab team, looks for elements such as carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen, all of which are crucial for life. Contact James E. Rickman Communications Office (505) 665-9203 Email "The successful delivery of these photos means we can begin efforts in earnest for the first images of Mars rocks by the ChemCam instrument and

51

GeoSys.Chem: Estimate of reservoir fluid characteristics as first step in geochemical modeling of geothermal systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A computer code GeoSys.Chem for the calculation of deep geothermal reservoir fluid characteristics from the measured physical-chemical parameters of separated water and condensed vapor samples obtained from drilled wells is presented. It was written ... Keywords: GeoChem, GeoSys.Chem, Geochemical modeling, Los Azufres, VB.NET

Mahendra P. Verma

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

REQUEST BY MONSANTO ENVIRO-CHEM SYSTEMS, INC., FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

MONSANTO ENVIRO-CHEM SYSTEMS, MONSANTO ENVIRO-CHEM SYSTEMS, INC., FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN RIGHTS IN SUBJECT INVENTIONS MADE IN THE COURSE OF OR UNDER DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CONTRACT NO. DE-AC05-960R22459; DOE WAIVER DOCKET W(A)-96-007 [ORO-625] Monsanto Enviro-Chem Systems, Inc. (Enviro-Chem) has made a timely request for an advance waiver to worldwide rights in Subject Inventions made in the course of or under Department of Energy (DOE) Contract No. DE-AC05-960R22459. The request includes inventions made under subcontracts with the Monsanto Company (Monsanto), the General Electric Company (GE) and E.I. duPont de Nemours and Company (duPont). The scope of the work calls for the development and demonstration of the use of electroknetics for removing chlorinated hydrocarbons in low

53

A Highly Sensitive, Integrable, Multimode, Evanescent-Wave Chem/bio Sensor.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A fully integrated optical chem/bio sensor complete with integrated source, chemically sensitive waveguide, detector arrays, and associated signal processing electronics on a Si-CMOS chip is (more)

Lillie, Jeffrey J

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Photothermal nano-cavities for ultra-sensitive chem-bio detection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nano-cavity photothermal spectroscopy is a novel technique for ultra-sensitive chem-bio detection. We illustrate that through simultaneous localization of optical and thermal interactions in a planar nano-cavity, detection ...

Hu, Juejun

55

Top 10 Nano & Chem Eng TMVogel, updated Fall 2012 Top 10 Things UCSD Nanoengineering &  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Top 10 Nano & Chem Eng TMVogel, updated Fall 2012 Top 10 Things UCSD Nanoengineering & Chemical Engineering Researchers Need to Know http://libguides.ucsd.edu/nano http://libguides.ucsd.edu/chemeng http

Hampton, Randy

56

Air pollution forecasting by coupled atmosphere-fire model WRF and SFIRE with WRF-Chem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Atmospheric pollution regulations have emerged as a dominant obstacle to prescribed burns. Thus, forecasting the pollution caused by wildland fires has acquired high importance. WRF and SFIRE model wildland fire spread in a two-way interaction with the atmosphere. The surface heat flux from the fire causes strong updrafts, which in turn change the winds and affect the fire spread. Fire emissions, estimated from the burning organic matter, are inserted in every time step into WRF-Chem tracers at the lowest atmospheric layer. The buoyancy caused by the fire then naturally simulates plume dynamics, and the chemical transport in WRF-Chem provides a forecast of the pollution spread. We discuss the choice of wood burning models and compatible chemical transport models in WRF-Chem, and demonstrate the results on case studies.

Kochanski, Adam K; Mandel, Jan; Clements, Craig B

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

MEMORANDUM TO: FILE FROM: TYPE OF OPERATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

, , TYPE OF OPERATION ~_--_-----_---___ 69 Research & Development a Facility. Type 0 Production scale testing Cl Pilat Scale IK Bench Scale Process 0 Theoretical Studies u Sample & Analysis q Production 0 Disposal/Storage a Manufacturing 0 University 0 Research Organization 0 Government Sponsored Facility 0 Other --------------__----- TYPE OF CONTRACT ---------------- 0 Prime 0 Other information (i.e., cost 0 Subcontractor + fixed fee, unit price, 5 Purchase Order ~SlvtM ay LuPo~l- time & material, r+c) _L-G~-~~~ ------GA------ Contract/Purchase Order # 3 I -? ciYl---------------------------- AZ. FG CONTRACTING PERIOD: --------__--_____- ----&-b&-f zw------ ______________ OWNERSHIP: AEC/MED AEC/MED OWE_3 LE_A_sEQ GOUT GOVT CONTRACTOR CONTRACTOR

58

Communicationsto the Editor 1883 19, 19, (4) M. Akhtar and G. J. Gibbons, J. Chem. SOC.,5964 (1963).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Am. Chem. SOC.,96, 7317 (1974);(b) R. M. Wing, W. H. Okamura, A. Rego, M. R. Pirio,and A. W. Norman. Havinga, Red. Trav. Chim. Pays-Bas. (3) R. B. Woodward and R.Hoffmann, J. Am. Chem. SOC.,87, 2511

Boxer, Steven G.

59

Test 4, "NMR Spectroscopy", Chem416, FS93, Dr. Glaser --1 --Chemistry 416 "Spectroscopy"Chemistry 416 "Spectroscopy"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Test 4, "NMR Spectroscopy", Chem416, FS93, Dr. Glaser -- 1 -- Chemistry 416 "Spectroscopy "Take Home" Examination "NMR Spectroscopy" Hand-out: Wednesday, December 1, 1993 Collect: Friday Question 4 (13C Inc. Sys.) 20 Total 100 #12;Test 4, "NMR Spectroscopy", Chem416, FS93, Dr. Glaser -- 2

Glaser, Rainer

60

J. Am. Chem. SOC.1995,117, 3057-3083 3057 Synthesis of (&)-7,8-Epoxy-4-basmen-6-oneby a Transannular  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) Illuminati, G.; Mandolini, L. Acc. Chem. Res. 1981, 14, 95. (3)Wahlberg, I.; Eklund, A.-M.; Nishida, T

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lg chem type" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Macromol. Chem. Phys. 2001, 202, 775784 775 Kinetics of the Thermal and Thermo-Oxidative  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the forward reaction. This research is funded by the University of Utah Center for the Simulation., and Gutman, D. J., J. Phys. Chem. 98:2744 (1994). 57. Stein, S. E., and Barton, B. D., Thermochim. Acta 44., Thermochim. Acta 102:59 (1986). 60. Appel, J., Bockhorn, H., and Frenklach, M., Combust. Flame 121:122 (2000

Utah, University of

62

WRF/Chem-MADRID: Incorporation of an Improved Aerosol Module into WRF/Chem and Its Initial Application to the TexAQS2000 Episode  

SciTech Connect

The Model of Aerosol Dynamics, Reaction, Ionization and Dissolution (MADRID) with three improved gas/particle mass transfer approaches (i.e., bulk equilibrium (EQUI), hybrid (HYBR), and kinetic (KINE)) has been incorporated into the Weather Research and Forecast/Chemistry Model (WRF/Chem) (referred to as WRF/Chem-MADRID) and evaluated with a 5-day episode from the 2000 Texas Air Quality Study (TexAQS2000). WRF/Chem-MADRID demonstrates an overall good skill in simulating surface/aloft meteorological parameters and chemical concentrations, tropospheric O3 residuals, and aerosol optical depths. The discrepancies can be attributed to inaccuracies in meteorological predictions (e.g., overprediction in mid-day boundary layer height), inaccurate total emissions or their hourly variations (e.g., HCHO, olefins, other inorganic aerosols), and uncertainties in initial and boundary conditions for some species (e.g., other inorganic aerosols and O3) at surface and aloft. Major differences in the results among the three gas/particle mass transfer approaches occur over coastal areas, where EQUI predicts higher PM2.5 than HYBR and KINE due to improperly redistributing condensed nitrate from chloride depletion process to fine PM mode. The net direct, semi-direct, and indirect effects of PM2.5 decreased domain wide shortwave radiation by 11.2-14.4 W m-2 (or 4.1-5.6%), decreased near-surface temperature by 0.06-0.14 C (or 0.2-0.4%), led to 125 to 796 cm-3 cloud condensation nuclei at a supersaturation of 0.1%, produced cloud droplet numbers as high as 2064 cm-3, and reduced domain wide mean precipitation by 0.22-0.59 mm day-1.

Zhang, Yang; Pan, Ying; Wang, K.; Fast, Jerome D.; Grell, G. A.

2010-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

63

198 J. Am. Chem. SOC.1994,116, 198-203 Hydrodesulfurization of Thiophene to Butadiene and Butane  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

198 J. Am. Chem. SOC.1994,116, 198-203 Hydrodesulfurization of Thiophene to Butadiene and Butane. Reaction of the butadiene complex with H2 produces butane. Introduction

Jones, William D.

64

Simulations of organic aerosol concentrations in Mexico City using the WRF-CHEM model during the MCMA-2006/MILAGRO campaign  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Organic aerosol concentrations are simulated using the WRF-CHEM model in Mexico City during the period from 24 to 29 March in association with the MILAGRO-2006 campaign. Two approaches are employed to predict the variation ...

Molina, Luisa Tan

65

KKL Fuel Surveillance Following Four Ol-Line NobleChemTM Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Operators of KKLs (Kernkraftwerk Leibstadt) Leibstadt Nuclear Power Plant changed from Normal Water Chemistry (NWC) to Hydrogen Water Chemistry (HWC) and applied On-Line NobleChem (OLNC) during Cycle 25 in 2008/2009 to mitigate intergranular stress corrosion cracking (IGSCC). OLNC has been applied every year since. In order to understand the impact of this change, particularly OLNC, on general fuel performance, plant operators performed poolside fuel inspections following the first and ...

2013-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

66

Plant Energy Profiler Tool for the Chemicals Industry (ChemPEP Tool), Software Tools for Industry, Industrial Technologies Program (ITP) (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet describes how the Industrial Technologies Program ChemPEP Tool can help chemical plants assess their plant-wide energy consumption.

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

TYPE OF OPERATION R Research & Development T& Facility Type  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

--____ --____ R Research & Development T& Facility Type 0 Production scale testing a Pilat scale Y-. Bench Scale Process i Theoretical Studies Sample & Analysis 0 Productian 0 Disposal/Storage a Research Organization a Government 0 Other Sponsored i F[fa' tty ------__------__ I Prime 5 Subcontractor 0 Purchase Order a Other information (i.e., cost + fixed fee, unit p CgNTRACTING PERIOD: L.&G , PX& & cx LFkoL ~~~~~~~~~----------_ __ _______ OWNERSH; P: AEC/MED AEC/MED GOVT GOVT CONTRACTOR Cot+ "ACTOR OWNED LEASED ----- -----_ w!ET) C_EtlSLE ~~s!_NE!?~~ z L ACZD -------- - LANDS a BUILDINGS 0 EQUIPMENT u ORE OR RAW MATL FINAL PRODUCT f i ; : ' 0 WASTE .% RESIDLIE q 0 G G &EC/NED INVOLVEtiE?4T AT SITE .--------_------___~~~~~~~-- ,I

68

Evaluating WRF-Chem aerosol indirect effects in Southeast Pacific marine stratocumulus during VOCALS-REx  

SciTech Connect

We evaluate a regional-scale simulation with the WRF-Chem model for the VAMOS (Variability of the American Monsoon Systems) Ocean-Cloud-Atmosphere-Land Study Regional Experiment (VOCALS-REx), which sampled the Southeast Pacific's persistent stratocumulus deck. Evaluation of VOCALS-REx ship-based and three aircraft observations focuses on analyzing how aerosol loading affects marine boundary layer (MBL) dynamics and cloud microphysics. We compare local time series and campaign-averaged longitudinal gradients, and highlight differences in model simulations with (W) and without (NW) wet deposition processes. The higher aerosol loadings in the NW case produce considerable changes in MBL dynamics and cloud microphysics, in accordance with the established conceptual model of aerosol indirect effects. These include increase in cloud albedo, increase in MBL and cloud heights, drizzle suppression, increase in liquid water content, and increase in cloud lifetime. Moreover, better statistical representation of aerosol mass and number concentration improves model fidelity in reproducing observed spatial and temporal variability in cloud properties, including top and base height, droplet concentration, water content, rain rate, optical depth (COD) and liquid water path (LWP). Together, these help to quantify confidence in WRF-Chem's modeled aerosol-cloud interactions, especially in the activation parameterization, while identifying structural and parametric uncertainties including: irreversibility in rain wet removal; overestimation of marine DMS and sea salt emissions, and accelerated aqueous sulfate conversion. Our findings suggest that WRF-Chem simulates marine cloud-aerosol interactions at a level sufficient for applications in forecasting weather and air quality and studying aerosol climate forcing, and may do so with the reliability required for policy analysis.

Saide P. E.; Springston S.; Spak, S. N.; Carmichael, G. R.; Mena-Carrasco, M. A.; Yang, Q.; Howell, S.; Leon, D. C.; Snider, J. R.; Bandy, A. R.; Collett, J. L.; Benedict, K. B.; deSzoeke, S. P.; Hawkins, L. N.; Allen, G.; Crawford, I.; Crosier, J.

2012-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

69

Evaluating WRF-Chem aerosol indirect effects in Southeast Pacific marine stratocumulus during VOCALS-REx  

SciTech Connect

We evaluate a regional-scale simulation with the WRF-Chem model for the VAMOS (Variability of the American Monsoon Systems) Ocean-Cloud-Atmosphere-Land Study Regional Experiment (VOCALS-REx), which sampled the Southeast Pacific's persistent stratocumulus deck. Evaluation of VOCALS-REx ship-based and aircraft observations focuses on analyzing how aerosol loading affects marine boundary layer (MBL) dynamics and cloud microphysics. We compare local time series and campaign averaged longitudinal gradients, and highlight differences in model simulations with (W) and without wet (NW) deposition processes. The higher aerosol loadings in the NW case produce considerable changes in MBL dynamics and cloud microphysics, in accordance with the established conceptual model of aerosol indirect effects. These include increase in cloud albedo, increase in MBL and cloud heights, drizzle suppression, increase in liquid water content, and increase in cloud lifetime. Moreover, better statistical representation of aerosol mass and number concentration improves model fidelity in reproducing observed spatial and temporal variability in cloud properties, including top and base height, droplet concentration, water content, rain rate, optical depth (COD) and liquid water path (LWP). Together, these help to quantify confidence in WRF-Chem's modeled aerosol-cloud interactions, while identifying structural and parametric uncertainties including: irreversibility in rain wet removal; overestimation of marine DMS and sea salt emissions and accelerated aqueous sulfate conversion. Our findings suggest that WRF-Chem simulates marine cloud-aerosol interactions at a level sufficient for applications in forecasting weather and air quality and studying aerosol climate forcing, including the reliability required for policy analysis and geo-engineering applications.

Saide, Pablo; Spak, S. N.; Carmichael, Gregory; Mena-Carrasco, M. A.; Yang, Qing; Howell, S. G.; Leon, Dolislager; Snider, Jefferson R.; Bandy, Alan R.; Collett, Jeffrey L.; Benedict, K. B.; de Szoeke, S.; Hawkins, Lisa; Allen, Grant; Crawford, I.; Crosier, J.; Springston, S. R.

2012-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

70

Media Conference Call Advisory: U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy's Argonne National Laboratory, General Motors and LG Chem to discuss advanced battery material Media Conference Call Advisory: U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National...

71

Published on Web Date: December 01, 2010 r 2010 American Chemical Society 3465 DOI: 10.1021/jz101394u |J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2010, 1, 34653470  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-energy conformer is not a simple helix. SECTION Biophysical Chemistry M any factors act together to determine to Density Functional Theory for van der Waals Interactions. J. Chem. Phys. 2002, 116, 515­524. (3) Dion, M. Org. Biomol. Chem. 2007, 5, 741­758. (6) Tkatchenko, A.; Scheffler, M. Accurate Molecular van der

72

Inclusion of biomass burning in WRF-Chem: Impact of wildfires on weather forecasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A plume rise algorithm for wildfires was included in WRF-Chem, and applied to look at the impact of intense wildfires during the 2004 Alaska wildfire season on weather forecasts using model resolutions of 10km and 2km. Biomass burning emissions were estimated using a biomass burning emissions model. In addition, a 1-D, time-dependent cloud model was used online in WRF-Chem to estimate injection heights as well as the final emission rates. It was shown that with the inclusion of the intense wildfires of the 2004 fire season in the model simulations, the interaction of the aerosols with the atmospheric radiation led to significant modifications of vertical profiles of temperature and moisture in cloud-free areas. On the other hand, when clouds were present, the high concentrations of fine aerosol (PM2.5) and the resulting large numbers of Cloud Condensation Nuclei (CCN) had a strong impact on clouds and microphysics, with decreased precipitation coverage and precipitation amounts during the first 12 hours of the integration, but significantly stronger storms during the afternoon hours.

Grell, G. A.; Freitas, Saulo; Stuefer, Martin; Fast, Jerome D.

2011-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

73

Chemical Education Today 1466 Journal of Chemical Education Vol. 78 No. 11 November 2001 JChemEd.chem.wisc.edu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ed.chem.wisc.edu Chemical Kinetics and Reaction Dynamics by Paul L. Houston McGraw-Hill Higher Education: New York, 2001 (chapters on kinetic theory, reaction rates, theories of chemical reaction, and transport properties of modern chemical kinetics. The level of treatment is on par with that in most physical chemistry textbooks

Houston, Paul L.

74

J. Am. Chem. SOC.1991, 113,9575-9585 9575 Mixed Aggregation of Lithium Enolates and Lithium Halides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

J. Am. Chem. SOC.1991, 113,9575-9585 9575 Mixed Aggregation of Lithium Enolates and Lithium Halides with Lithium 2,2,6,6-Tetramethylpiperidide(LiTMP) Patricia L. Hall, James H. Gilchrist, Aidan T. Harrison]-lithiumdi-tert-butylamide and conformationally locked [6Li]-lithium2,2,4,6,6-pentamethylpiperidide shed further light

Collum, David B.

75

J.Org. Chem. 1984,49, 3033-3035 3033 Proposed SequentialConversion of Coal's  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

J.Org. Chem. 1984,49, 3033-3035 3033 SchemeI. @& Proposed SequentialConversion of Coal's Native moieties (func- tionalities determined to be important for lignins6and for low-rank coals'). In contrast "C, is one of condensation to make a dimeric furan! Sincein a coal systemthere will be some available

76

1056 Anal. Chem. 1987, 59. 1056-1059 be done selectively, and any ions that are not completely  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1056 Anal. Chem. 1987, 59. 1056-1059 be done selectively, and any ions that are not completely impact excitation will require a more careful use of ion ejection for parent ion selection reduced pressure. p-(9-Anthroyloxy)phenacylbromide was pu- rified by flash chromatography (22)using 3

Zare, Richard N.

77

J. Am. Chem. SOC.1988, 110, 8305-8319 8305 Hydrogenolysis of Ethane, Propane, n-Butane, and Neopentane  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

J. Am. Chem. SOC.1988, 110, 8305-8319 8305 Hydrogenolysis of Ethane, Propane, n-Butane, Pasadena, California 91125. Received February I, 1988 Abstract: The hydrogenolysisof ethane, propane, n-butane in "demethylization"of the parent hydrocarbon. For n-butane, the major reaction channels on the two surfaces are n-C4

Goodman, Wayne

78

Faraday Discuss. Chem. SOC.,1989, 87, 337-344 Butane Hydrogenolysis over Single-crystal Rhodium Catalysts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Faraday Discuss. Chem. SOC.,1989, 87, 337-344 Butane Hydrogenolysis over Single-crystal Rhodium&M University, College Station, Texas 77843, U.S.A. Hydrogenolysis of n-butane has been studied over the (110 of surface composition and geometry.' For example, in our laboratories, the activity for ethane' and butane

Goodman, Wayne

79

J. Phys. Chem. 1995,99, 15093-15101 15093 Diffusion-Induced Instabilities near a Canard  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a subcritical Hopf bifurcation can be found in a recent paper by Kosek and Marek.14 The unstable limit cycle. This phenomenon is described by Kosek and MarekI4 for a four-variable BZ reaction-diffusion system close. J. Phys. Chem. 1994, 98, 7452. (14) Kosek, J.; Marek, M. Phys. Rev. Len. 1995, 74, 2134. (15

Epstein, Irving R.

80

Viral vectors for gene modification of plants as chem/bio sensors.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Chemical or biological sensors that are specific, sensitive, and robust allowing intelligence gathering for verification of nuclear non-proliferation treaty compliance and detouring production of weapons of mass destruction are sorely needed. Although much progress has been made in the area of biosensors, improvements in sensor lifetime, robustness, and device packaging are required before these devices become widely used. Current chemical and biological detection and identification techniques require less-than-covert sample collection followed by transport to a laboratory for analysis. In addition to being expensive and time consuming, results can often be inconclusive due to compromised sample integrity during collection and transport. We report here a demonstration of a plant based sensor technology which utilizes mature and seedling plants as chemical sensors. One can envision genetically modifying native plants at a site of interest that can report the presence of specific toxins or chemicals. In this one year project we used a developed inducible expression system to show the feasibility of plant sensors. The vector was designed as a safe, non-infectious vector which could be used to invade, replicate, and introduce foreign genes into mature host plants that then allow the plant to sense chem/bio agents. The genes introduced through the vector included a reporter gene that encodes for green fluorescent protein (GFP) and a gene that encodes for a mammalian receptor that recognizes a chemical agent. Specifically, GFP was induced by the presence of 17-{beta}-Estradiol (estrogen). Detection of fluorescence indicated the presence of the target chemical agent. Since the sensor is a plant, costly device packaging development or manufacturing of the sensor were not required. Additionally, the biological recognition and reporting elements are maintained in a living, natural environment and therefore do not suffer from lifetime disadvantages typical of most biosensing platforms. Detection of the chem/bio agent reporter (GFP) can be detected only at a specific wavelength.

Manginell, Monica; Harper, Jason C.; Arango, Dulce C.; Brozik, Susan Marie; Dolan, Patricia L.

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lg chem type" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Assessing regional scale predictions of aerosols, marine stratocumulus, and their interactions during VOCALS-REx using WRF-Chem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the recent chemistry version (v3.3) of the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF-Chem) model, we have coupled the Morrison double-moment microphysics scheme with interactive aerosols so that full two-way aerosol-cloud interactions are included in simulations. We have used this new WRF-Chem functionality in a study focused on assessing predictions of aerosols, marine stratocumulus clouds, and their interactions over the Southeast Pacific using measurements from the VAMOS Ocean-Cloud-Atmosphere-Land Study Regional Experiment (VOCALS-REx) and satellite retrievals. This study also serves as a detailed analysis of our WRF-Chem simulations contributed to the VOCALS model Assessment (VOCA) project. The WRF-Chem 31-day (October 15-November 16, 2008) simulation with aerosol-cloud interactions (AERO hereafter) is also compared to a simulation (MET hereafter) with fixed cloud droplet number concentrations assumed by the default in Morrison microphysics scheme with no interactive aerosols. The well-predicted aerosol properties such as number, mass composition, and optical depth lead to significant improvements in many features of the predicted stratocumulus clouds: cloud optical properties and microphysical properties such as cloud top effective radius, cloud water path, and cloud optical thickness, and cloud macrostructure such as cloud depth and cloud base height. These improvements in addition to the aerosol direct and semi-direct effects, in turn, feed back to the prediction of boundary-layer characteristics and energy budgets. Particularly, inclusion of interactive aerosols in AERO strengths temperature and humidity gradients within capping inversion layer and lowers the MBL depth by 150 m from that of the MET simulation. Mean top-of-the-atmosphere outgoing shortwave fluxes, surface latent heat, and surface downwelling longwave fluxes are in better agreement with observations in AERO, compared to the MET simulation. Nevertheless, biases in some of the simulated meteorological quantities (e.g., MBL temperature and humidity over the remote ocean) and aerosol quantities (e.g., overestimations of supermicron sea salt mass) might affect simulated stratocumulus and energy fluxes over the SEP, and require further investigations. Although not perfect, the overall performance of the regional model in simulating mesoscale aerosol-cloud interactions is encouraging and suggests that the inclusion of spatially varying aerosol characteristics is important when simulating marine stratocumulus over the southeastern Pacific.

Yang, Qing; Gustafson, William I.; Fast, Jerome D.; Wang, Hailong; Easter, Richard C.; Morrison, H.; Lee, Y.- N.; Chapman, Elaine G.; Spak, S. N.; Mena-Carrasco, M. A.

2011-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

82

Award Types  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

nuclear deterrent; reduce global threats; and solve other emerging national security and energy challenges. Contact Awards Team (505) 667-7824 Email Types of Awards The Awards...

83

Implementation and evaluation of online gas-phase chemistry within a regional climate model (RegCM-CHEM4)  

SciTech Connect

The RegCM-CHEM4 is a new online climate-chemistry model based on the International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) regional climate model (RegCM4). Tropospheric gas-phase chemistry is integrated into the climate model using the condensed version of the Carbon Bond Mechanism (CBM-Z; Zaveri and Peters, 1999) with a fast solver based on radical balances. We evaluate the model over Continental Europe for two different time scales: (1) an event-based analysis of the ozone episode associated with the heat wave of August 2003 and (2) a climatological analysis of a sixyear simulation (2000-2005). For the episode analysis, model simulations show good agreement with European Monitoring and Evaluation Program (EMEP) observations of hourly ozone over different regions in Europe and capture ozone concentrations during and after the August 2003 heat wave event. For long-term climate simulations, the model captures the seasonal cycle of ozone concentrations with some over prediction of ozone concentrations in non-heat wave summers. Overall, the ozone and ozone precursor evaluation shows the feasibility of using RegCM-CHEM4 for decadal-length simulations of chemistry-climate interactions.

Shalaby, A. K.; Zakey, A. S.; Tawfik, A. B.; Solmon, F.; Giorgi, Filippo; Stordal, F.; Sillman, S.; Zaveri, Rahul A.; Steiner, A. L.

2012-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

84

Life-Cycle Cost Analysis Tool for Chem/Bio Protection of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Bio protection strategies based on user-defined scenarios. ... produces the types of analysis results that ... Based on the analyses performed, the results ...

2011-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

85

Melanin Types  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Melanin Types Melanin Types Name: Irfan Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: What are different types of melanins? And what are the functions of these types? Replies: Hi Irfan! Melanin is a dark compound or better a photoprotective pigment. Its major role in the skin is to absorb the ultraviolet (UV) light that comes from the sun so the skin is not damaged. Sun exposure usually produces a tan at the skin that represents an increase of melanin pigment in the skin. Melanin is important also in other areas of the body, as the eye and the brain., but it is not completely understood what the melanin pigment does in these areas. Melanin forms a special cell called melanocyte. This cell is found in the skin, in the hair follicle, and in the iris and retina of the eye.

86

Type systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study of type systems has emerged as one of the most active areas of research in programming languages, with applications in software engineering, language design, high-performance compiler implementation, and security. This chapter discusses the ...

Benjamin C. Pierce

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Comment on "Steady-state fluctuations of a genetic feedback loop: an exact solution" [J. Chem. Phys. {\\bf 137}, 035104 (2012).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The comment is intended to answer the criticism presented on `Steady-state fluctuations of a genetic feedback loop: an exact solution' [J. Chem. Phys. {\\bf 137}, 035104 (2012).] and provides the missing component for the complete analytic solutions to the author's model.

Guilherme C. P. Innocentini; Alexandre F. Ramos; Jos Eduardo M. Hornos

2013-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

88

Published: August 17, 2011 r 2011 American Chemical Society 15635 dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja205274g |J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2011, 133, 1563515643  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Chem. Soc. 2011, 133, 15635­15643 Journal of the American Chemical Society ARTICLE kinetic studies: N, 15635­15643 Journal of the American Chemical Society ARTICLE Partitioning Kinetic MeasurementsPublished: August 17, 2011 r 2011 American Chemical Society 15635 dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja205274g |J

Daniel, Susan

89

Inorg. Chem. 1992,31, 3879-3881 3879 Multielectron-TransferKinetics for cis-versus trans-Dioxorhenium(V)Species: Isoelectronic Modeling with  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, further, that a semiquanti- tative reactivity analysis is possible based on comparisons to isoelectronic-(0)(OH)ReV(py) +e-( electrode) -trans-(0)(OH)Re"(py); (3) (1) (a) Ram, M. S.; Johnson, C. S.; Blackbourn, R. L.; Hupp, J. T. Inorg. Chem.1990,29,238. (b) Ram, M.S.; Jones,L. M.; Ward,H. J.; Wong, Y

90

4320 J. Phys. Chem. 1989, 93, 4320-4327 Free Energy Calculations of Ion Hydration: An Analysis of the Born Model in Terms of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

4320 J. Phys. Chem. 1989, 93, 4320-4327 Free Energy Calculations of Ion Hydration: An Analysis) The free energy perturbation technique is used in conjunction with Monte Carlo simulations to calculate the electrostatic contribution to the hydration free energy of a hypothetical cation whose charge varies

Jayaram, Bhyravabotla

91

J. Phys. Chem. 1994, 98, 5113-5111 5773 Free Energy of Solvation, Interaction, and Binding of Arbitrary Charge Distributions Imbedded in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

J. Phys. Chem. 1994, 98, 5113-5111 5773 Free Energy of Solvation, Interaction, and Binding in a continuum solvent. Background Attempts seeking analytical solutions to the hydration free energies solvation free energies of arbitrary charge distributions with an overall spherical symmetry. This theory

Jayaram, Bhyravabotla

92

Ab Initio Molecular Dynamics Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 2003, Vol. 24, No. 6 1 Ab Initio Molecular Dynamics with Born-Oppenheimer and Extended  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ab Initio Molecular Dynamics Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 2003, Vol. 24, No. 6 1 Ab Initio Molecular February 25, 2003 In ab initio molecular dynamics, whenever information about the potential energy surface advances for both approaches are discussed. Key Words : Ab initio molecular dynamics, Direct classical

Schlegel, H. Bernhard

93

A New Type of pi-Molecular Complex  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Structure, and Magnetism of a New Type of pi-Molecular Complex Structure, and Magnetism of a New Type of pi-Molecular Complex Containing Binuclear Copper(II) Complexes and Benzene: Bis[2,2-dimethyl-7-(phenylimino)-3,5, 7-octanetrionato]dicopper(II)-Benzene and Bis[2,2-dimethyl-7- ((4-nitrophenyl)imino)-3,5,7-octanetrionato]dicopper(II)-Bis(benzene) James F. Wishart, Christopher Ceccarelli, Richard L. Lintvedt, Jeremy M. Berg, David P. Foley, Tom Frey, James E. Hahn, Keith O. Hodgson and Robert Weis Inorg. Chem. 22, 1667-1671 (1983) Abstract: The title compounds have been crystallized and examined by X-ray diffraction techniques. The structure of Cu2(PAAan)2°C6H6 consists of stacks of alternating bis[2,2-dimethyl-7-(phenylimino)-3,5,7-octanetrionato]dicopper(II), Cu2(PAAan)2, and benzene molecules in an ADAD... pattern. Crystal data are

94

Type: Renewal  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 INCITE Awards 1 INCITE Awards Type: Renewal Title: -Ab Initio Dynamical Simulations for the Prediction of Bulk Properties‖ Principal Investigator: Theresa Windus, Iowa State University Co-Investigators: Brett Bode, Iowa State University Graham Fletcher, Argonne National Laboratory Mark Gordon, Iowa State University Monica Lamm, Iowa State University Michael Schmidt, Iowa State University Scientific Discipline: Chemistry: Physical INCITE Allocation: 10,000,000 processor hours Site: Argonne National Laboratory Machine (Allocation): IBM Blue Gene/P (10,000,000 processor hours) Research Summary: This project uses high-quality electronic structure theory, statistical mechanical methods, and

95

Bacteria Types  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bacteria Types Bacteria Types Name: Evelyn Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: What is the significance of S. marcescens,M.luteus, S.epidermidis, and E. Coli? Which of these are gram-positive and gram-negative, and where can these be found? Also, what problems can they cause? When we culture these bacteria, we used four methods: plates, broth, slants, and pour plates. The media was made of TSB, TSA, NAP, and NAD. What is significant about these culturing methods? Replies: I could give you the answer to that question but it is more informative, and fun, to find out yourself. Start with the NCBI library online (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/) and do a query with the species name, and 'virulence' if you want to know what they're doing to us. Have a look at the taxonomy devision to see how they are related. To find out if they're gram-pos or neg you should do a gram stain if you can. Otherwise you'll find that information in any bacteriology determination guide. Your question about the media is not specific enough so I can't answer it.

96

Assessing regional scale predictions of aerosols, marine stratocumulus, and their interactions during VOCALS-REx using WRF-Chem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study assesses the ability of the recent chemistry version (v3.3) of the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF-Chem) model to simulate boundary layer structure, aerosols, stratocumulus clouds, and energy fluxes over the Southeast Pacific Ocean. Measurements from the VAMOS Ocean-Cloud-Atmosphere-Land Study Regional Experiment (VOCALS-REx) and satellite retrievals (i.e., products from the MODerate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), Clouds and Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES), and GOES-10) are used for this assessment. The Morrison double-moment microphysics scheme is newly coupled with interactive aerosols in the model. The 31-day (15 October-16 November 2008) WRF-Chem simulation with aerosol-cloud interactions (AERO hereafter) is also compared to a simulation (MET hereafter) with fixed cloud droplet number concentrations in the microphysics scheme and simplified cloud and aerosol treatments in the radiation scheme. The well-simulated aerosol quantities (aerosol number, mass composition and optical properties), and the inclusion of full aerosol-cloud couplings lead to significant improvements in many features of the simulated stratocumulus clouds: cloud optical properties and microphysical properties such as cloud top effective radius, cloud water path, and cloud optical thickness. In addition to accounting for the aerosol direct and semi-direct effects, these improvements feed back to the simulation of boundary-layer characteristics and energy budgets. Particularly, inclusion of interactive aerosols in AERO strengthens the temperature and humidity gradients within the capping inversion layer and lowers the marine boundary layer (MBL) depth by 130 m from that of the MET simulation. These differences are associated with weaker entrainment and stronger mean subsidence at the top of the MBL in AERO. Mean top-of-atmosphere outgoing shortwave fluxes, surface latent heat, and surface downwelling longwave fluxes are in better agreement with observations in AERO, compared to the MET simulation. Nevertheless, biases in some of the simulated meteorological quantities (e.g., MBL temperature and humidity) and aerosol quantities (e.g., underestimations of accumulation mode aerosol number) might affect simulated stratocumulus and energy fluxes over the Southeastern Pacific, and require further investigation. The well-simulated timing and outflow patterns of polluted and clean episodes demonstrate the model's ability to capture daily/synoptic scale variations of aerosol and cloud properties, and suggest that the model is suitable for studying atmospheric processes associated with pollution outflow over the ocean. The overall performance of the regional model in simulating mesoscale clouds and boundary layer properties is encouraging and suggests that reproducing gradients of aerosol and cloud droplet concentrations and coupling cloud-aerosol-radiation processes are important when simulating marine stratocumulus over the Southeast Pacific.

Yang Q.; Lee Y.; GustafsonJr., W. I.; Fast, J. D.; Wang, H.; Easter, R. C.; Morrison, H.; Chapman, E. G.; Spak, S. N.; Mena-Carrasco, M. A.

2011-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

97

Facility Type!  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

ITY: ITY: --&L~ ----------- srct-r~ -----------~------~------- if yee, date contacted ------------- cl Facility Type! i I 0 Theoretical Studies Cl Sample 84 Analysis ] Production 1 Diepasal/Storage 'YPE OF CONTRACT .--------------- 1 Prime J Subcontract&- 1 Purchase Order rl i '1 ! Other information (i.e., ---------~---~--~-------- :ontrait/Pirchaee Order # , I C -qXlJ- --~-------~~-------~~~~~~ I I ~~~---~~~~~~~T~~~ FONTRACTING PERIODi IWNERSHIP: ,I 1 AECIMED AECMED GOVT GOUT &NTtiAC+OR GUN-I OWNED ----- LEEE!? M!s LE!Ps2 -LdJG?- ---L .ANDS ILJILDINGS X2UIPilENT IRE OR RAW HA-I-L :INAL PRODUCT IASTE Z. RESIDUE I I kility l pt I ,-- 7- ,+- &!d,, ' IN&"E~:EW AT SITE -' ---------------- , . Control 0 AEC/tlED managed operations

98

BWRVIP-274: BWR Vessel and Internals Project, Evaluation of On-Line NobleChemTM Platinum Deposition on Grand Gulf Dry Tubes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Grand Gulf Nuclear Station (GGNS) removed nuclear instrumentation detector dry tubes from the reactor during their 2012 refueling outage due to cracks in the plunger tubes. The report describes the results from three tubes that were scraped on site in October 2012 to obtain samples of the platinum (Pt) deposition resulting from On-Line NobleChemTM (OLNC) applications done in 2010 and 2011.BackgroundOLNC along with hydrogen injection is used by ...

2013-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

99

6852 J. Am. Chem. SOC.1982, 104, 6852-6854 31G**) for all data and used these throughout the text (see Table  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,47,1462-1468. (b) Schiavelli, M. D.; Jung, D. M.; Vaden, A. K.; Stang, P. J.; Fisk, T. E.; Morrison, D. S. Ibid)(a) Maller, C.; Plesset, M. S . Phys. Rev.1934,46,618.(b) Pople, J. A.; Binkley, J. S.; Seeger, R.; Frisch, M. J.; Whiteside, R. A.; Hout, R. F.; Hehre, W. J. Int. J. Quantum Chem. Symp. 1982,15, 269. (9

Apeloig, Yitzhak

100

Media Conference Call Advisory: U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Media Conference Call Advisory: U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne Media Conference Call Advisory: U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory, General Motors and LG Chem to discuss advanced battery material Media Conference Call Advisory: U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory, General Motors and LG Chem to discuss advanced battery material January 4, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis January 5, 2011 - The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory, General Motors and LG Chem plan to make an announcement about advanced lithium-ion battery technology for electrified vehicles. At 2:30 p.m., ET on Thursday, January 6, 2011, DOE Acting Under Secretary Cathy Zoi; Argonne Lab's Director Eric Issacs; GM Ventures President, Jon Lauckner; and LG Chem Power Inc.'s Mohamed Alamgir, will hold a media

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lg chem type" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

ABAA - 6th International Conference on Advanced Lithium Batteries...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sponsors Gold Level ALO.jpg BRENTONICS.jpg BASF.JPG Silver Level PEC.JPG posco ecopro sinopoly Bronze Level MACCOR.jpg Miltec.jpg lg chem hydro quebec logo Last update: June 5...

102

Number: 1894 Type: factoid ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... type> Type: factoid Description: How high is the pitcher's mound? ... 2047 Type: factoid Description: How close is Mercury to ...

2003-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

103

Mosaic neurofibromatosis type 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) with microdeletionsM, Huson S. Mosaic (segmental) neurofibromatosis type 1and type 2: no longer neurofibromatosis type 5. Am J Med

Liang, Christine; Schaffer, Julie V

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Type checking and normalisation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis is about Martin-Lf's intuitionistic theory of types (type theory). Type theory is at the same time a formal system for mathematical proof and (more)

Chapman, James Maitland

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Hybrid type checking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Phase distinctions in type theory. Manuscript, 1988. [10]Typechecking dependent types and subtypes. In Lecture notesF. Pfenning. Intersection types and computational effects.

Flanagan, C

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Type 2 segmental glomangiomas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

skin disorders: different types of severitiy reflectevidence for dichotomous types of severitiy. Arch Dermatol9. Happle R, Knig A. Type 2 segmental manifestation of

Hoekzema, Rick; Zonneveld, Ingrid M; Wal, Allard C van der

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Coupling Aerosol-Cloud-Radiative Processes in the WRF-Chem Model: Investigating the Radiative Impact of Elevated Point Sources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The local and regional influence of elevated point sources on summertime aerosol forcing and cloud-aerosol interactions in northeastern North America was investigated using the WRF-Chem community model. The direct effects of aerosols on incoming solar radiation were simulated using existing modules to relate aerosol sizes and chemical composition to aerosol optical properties. Indirect effects were simulated by adding a prognostic treatment of cloud droplet number and adding modules that activate aerosol particles to form cloud droplets, simulate aqueous phase chemistry, and tie a two-moment treatment of cloud water (cloud water mass and cloud droplet number) to an existing radiation scheme. Fully interactive feedbacks thus were created within the modified model, with aerosols affecting cloud droplet number and cloud radiative properties, and clouds altering aerosol size and composition via aqueous processes, wet scavenging, and gas-phase-related photolytic processes. Comparisons of a baseline simulation with observations show that the model captured the general temporal cycle of aerosol optical depths (AODs) and produced clouds of comparable thickness to observations at approximately the proper times and places. The model slightly overpredicted SO2 mixing ratios and PM2.5 mass, but reproduced the range of observed SO2 to sulfate aerosol ratios, suggesting that atmospheric oxidation processes leading to aerosol sulfate formation are captured in the model. The baseline simulation was compared to a sensitivity simulation in which all emissions at model levels above the surface layer were set to zero, thus removing stack emissions. Instantaneous, site-specific differences for aerosol and cloud related properties between the two simulations could be quite large, as removing above-surface emission sources influenced when and where clouds formed within the modeling domain. When summed spatially over the finest resolution model domain (the extent of which corresponds to the typical size of a single GCM grid cell) and temporally over a three day analysis period, total rainfall in the sensitivity simulation increased by 31% over that in the baseline simulation. Fewer optically thin clouds, arbitrarily defined as a cloud exhibiting an optical depth less than 1, formed in the sensitivity simulation. Domain-averaged AODs dropped from 0.46 in the baseline simulation to 0.38 in the sensitivity simulation. The overall net effect of additional aerosols attributable to primary particulates and aerosol precursors from point source emissions above the surface was a domain-averaged reduction of 5 W m-2 in mean daytime downwelling shortwave radiation.

Chapman, Elaine G.; Gustafson, William I.; Easter, Richard C.; Barnard, James C.; Ghan, Steven J.; Pekour, Mikhail S.; Fast, Jerome D.

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Writing with Complex Type  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

29] Middendorp, J. 2004. Dutch type. 010 Publishers. [30]A. Hyland. 1992. Twentieth-century type. Laurence King. [7]Robertson. 2005. From Movable Type to Moving Type-Evolution

Lewis, Jason; Nadeau, Bruno

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Phase transformation of "chem-prep" PZT 95/5-2Nb HF1035 ceramic under quasi-static loading conditions.  

SciTech Connect

Specimens of poled and unpoled ''chem-prep'' PNZT ceramic from batch HF1035 were tested under hydrostatic, uniaxial, and constant stress difference loading conditions at -55, 25, and 75 C. The objective of this experimental study was to characterize the mechanical properties and conditions for the ferroelectric (FE) to antiferroelectric (AFE) phase transformations of this ''chem-prep'' PNZT ceramic to aid grain-scale modeling efforts in developing and testing realistic response models for use in simulation codes. As seen from a previously characterized material (batch HF803), poled ceramic from HF1035 was seen to undergo anisotropic deformation during the transition from a FE to an AFE phase. Also, the phase transformation was found to be permanent for the two low temperature conditions, whereas the transformation can be completely reversed at the highest temperature. The rates of increase in the phase transformation pressures with temperature were practically identical for both unpoled and poled PNZT HF1035 specimens. We observed that temperature spread the phase transformation over mean stress analogous to the observed spread over mean stress due to shear stress. Additionally, for poled ceramic samples, the FE to AFE phase transformation was seen to occur when the normal compressive stress, acting perpendicular to a crystallographic plane about the polar axis, equals the hydrostatic pressure at which the transformation otherwise takes place.

Montgomery, Stephen Tedford; Lee, Moo Yul; Meier, Diane A.; Hofer, John H.

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

abstract data type  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Definition of abstract data type, possibly with links to more information and implementations. NIST. abstract data type. (definition). ...

2013-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

111

Atmos. Chem. Phys.,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Open Access Solid Earth Open Access The Cryosphere Open Access Growth of atmospheric nano-particles by heterogeneous nucleation of organic vapor J. Wang, R. L. McGraw, and C....

112

Types of Costs Types of Cost Estimates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

05-1 · Types of Costs · Types of Cost Estimates · Methods to estimate capital costs MIN E 408) costs apply to those items that are consumed in production process and are roughly proportional to level in cash flow analysis and in the decision to use the equipment for reclamation? Types of Costs #12

Boisvert, Jeff

113

Types of Costs Types of Cost Estimates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

· Types of Costs · Types of Cost Estimates · Methods to estimate capital costs MIN E 408: Mining the equipment for reclamation? Types of Costs #12;· Marginal Cost: ­ Change in total cost ­ Any production process involves fixed and variable costs. As production increases/expands, fixed costs are unchanged, so

Boisvert, Jeff

114

Type systems for dummies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We extend Pure Type Systems with a function turning each term M of type A into a dummy |M| of the same type (|.| is not an identity, in that M ? |M|). Intuitively, a dummy represents an unknown, canonical object of the given type: dummies are opaque ... Keywords: canonical element, proof irrelevance, pure type system

Andrea Asperti; Ferruccio Guidi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Technical Note: Evaluation of the WRF-Chem "Aerosol Chemical to Aerosol Optical Properties" Module using data from the MILAGRO campaign  

SciTech Connect

A comparison between observed aerosol optical properties from the MILAGRO field campaign, which took place in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area (MCMA) during March 2006, and values simulated by the Weather Research and Forecasting model (WRF-Chem) model, reveals large differences. To help identify the source of the discrepancies, data from the MILAGRO campaign are used to evaluate the "aerosol chemical to aerosol optical properties" module implemented in the full chemistry version of the WRF-Chem model. The evaluation uses measurements of aerosol size distributions and chemical properties obtained at the MILAGRO T1 site. These observations are fed to the module, which makes predictions of various aerosol optical properties, including the scattering coefficient, Bscat; the absorption coefficient, Babs; and the single-scattering albedo, v0; all as a function of time. This simulation is compared with independent measurements obtained from a photoacoustic spectrometer (PAS) at a wavelength of 870 nm. Because of line losses and other factors, only "fine mode" aerosols with aerodynamic diameters less than 2.5 mm are considered here. Over a 10-day period, the simulations of hour-by-hour variations of Bscat are not satisfactory, but simulations of Babs and v0 are considerably better. When averaged over the 10-day period, the computed and observed optical properties agree within the uncertainty limits of the measurements and simulations. Specifically, the observed and calculated values are, respectively: (1) Bscat, 34.1 5.1 Mm-1 versus 30.4 4.3 Mm-1; (2) Babs, 9.7 1.0 Mm-1 versus 11.7 1.5 Mm-1; and (3) v0, 0.78 0.04 and 0.74 0.03. The discrepancies in values of v0 simulated by the full WRF-Chem model thus cannot be attributed to the "aerosol chemistry to optics" module. The discrepancy is more likely due, in part, to poor characterization of emissions near the T1 site, particularly black carbon emissions.

Barnard, James C.; Fast, Jerome D.; Paredes-Miranda, Guadalupe L.; Arnott, W. P.; Laskin, Alexander

2010-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

116

ARM - Measurement - Cloud type  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

type ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Cloud type Cloud type such as...

117

Type-checking injective pure type systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Injective pure type systems form a large class of pure type systems for which one can compute by purely syntactic means two sorts elmt(?∣M) and sort(?∣M), where ? is a pseudo-context and M is a pseudo-term, ...

Gilles Barthe

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Typing constraint logic programs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a prescriptive type system with parametric polymorphism and subtyping for constraint logic programs. The aim of this type system is to detect programming errors statically. It introduces a type discipline for constraint logic programs and ... Keywords: Constraint logic programming, Metaprogramming, Prolog, subtyping, type systems

Franois Fages; Emmanuel Coquery

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Regular Object Types  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Regular expression types have been proposed as a foundation for statically typed processing of XML and similar forms of tree-structured data. To date, however, regular expression types have been explored in special-purpose languages (e.g., XDuce, CDuce, and XQuery) with type systems designed around regular expression types "from the ground up." The goal of the Xtatic language is to bring regular expression types to a broad audience by offering them as a lightweight extension of a popular object-oriented language, C#. We develop...

Vladimir Gapeyev; Benjamin C. Pierce

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Types of Radiation Exposure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

External Irradiation Contamination Incorporation Biological Effects of Acute, Total Body Irradiation Managing Radiation Emergencies Procedure Demonstration Types of radiation...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lg chem type" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Type B Drum packages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Type B Drum package is a container in which a single drum containing Type B quantities of radioactive material will be packaged for shipment. The Type B Drum containers are being developed to fill a void in the packaging and transportation capabilities of the US Department of Energy (DOE), as no double containment packaging for single drums of Type B radioactive material is currently available. Several multiple-drum containers and shielded casks presently exist. However, the size and weight of these containers present multiple operational challenges for single-drum shipments. The Type B Drum containers will offer one unshielded version and, if needed, two shielded versions, and will provide for the option of either single or double containment. The primary users of the Type B Drum container will be any organization with a need to ship single drums of Type B radioactive material. Those users include laboratories, waste retrieval facilities, emergency response teams, and small facilities.

Edwards, W.S.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

VEHICLE SPECIFICATIONS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

VEHICLE SPECIFICATIONS 1 Vehicle Features Base Vehicle: 2011 Chevrolet Volt VIN: 1G1RD6E48BUI00815 Class: Compact Seatbelt Positions: 4 Type 2 : Multi-Mode PHEV (EV, Series, and Power-split) Motor Type: 12-pole permanent magnet AC synchronous Max. Power/Torque: 111 kW/370 Nm Max. Motor Speed: 9500 rpm Cooling: Active - Liquid cooled Generator Type: 16-pole permanent magnet AC synchronous Max. Power/Torque: 55 kW/200 Nm Max. Generator Speed: 6000 rpm Cooling: Active - Liquid cooled Battery Manufacturer: LG Chem Type: Lithium-ion Cathode/Anode Material: LiMn 2 O 4 /Hard Carbon Number of Cells: 288 Cell Config.: 3 parallel, 96 series Nominal Cell Voltage: 3.7 V Nominal System Voltage: 355.2 V Rated Pack Capacity: 45 Ah Rated Pack Energy: 16 kWh Weight of Pack: 435 lb

123

TYPE OF UPERATICIN  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Process i Theoretical Studies Sample & Analysis 0 Production 0 DisposalStorage a Facility Type 0 Manufacturing q University, a Research Organizatiori 0 Government Sponsored...

124

TYPES OF FIELD TESTING  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

TYPES OF FIELD TESTING Convincing proof of energy savings and performance in a specific building and occupant context If direct proof of savings is desired, the only feasible...

125

Discriminative sum types locate the source of type errors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a type system for locating the source of type errors in an applied lambda calculus with ML-style polymorphism. The system is based on discriminative sum types---known from work on soft typing---with annotation subtyping and recursive types. ... Keywords: polymorphism, type errors, type inference

Matthias Neubauer; Peter Thiemann

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

An Improved Type Reduction Algorithm for Type-2 Fuzzy Sets.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Type reduction does the work of computing the centroid of a type-2 fuzzy set. The result is a type-1 fuzzy set from which a corresponding (more)

Su, Yao-Lung

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Screw Type Ac Air Compressor Manufacturers, Screw Type Ac Air ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Screw Type Ac Air Compressor, Screw Type Ac Air Compressor Manufacturers & Suppliers Directory - Find here Screw Type Ac Air Compressor Traders, ...

128

Special Report: OAS-RA-13-10 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3-10 3-10 Special Report: OAS-RA-13-10 February 8, 2013 The Department of Energy's Management of the Award of a $150 Million Recovery Act Grant to LG Chem Michigan Inc The Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program was established to develop and deploy efficient and environmentally friendly highway transportation technologies to reduce the Nation's dependence on foreign oil and provide greater energy security. The Vehicle Technologies Program received $2.4 billion under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act) for these purposes. In February 2010, LG Chem Michigan Inc. (LG Chem Michigan), formerly Compact Power, Inc., was awarded more than $150 million in Recovery Act funding to help construct a $304 million battery cell manufacturing plant in Holland, Michigan. On October

129

Pityriasis rubra pilaris, type IV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pityriasis rubra pilaris, type IV Jennifer Bragg MD,rubra pilaris (PRP), type IV (circumscribed juvenile).Type IV PRP develops in prepubertal children, is typically

Bragg, Jennifer; Witkiewicz, Agnieszka; Orlow, Seth J; Schaffer, Julie V

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Pityriasis rubra pilaris, type 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pityriasis rubra pilaris, type 1 Alexandria V Booth MD andhemorrhages [ 1 ]. Five types of pityriasis rubra pilarisand prognosis. The five types include the classic adult and

Booth, Alexandria V; Ma, Linglei

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Types of Thermocouples  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Properties of standard thermocouples...Table 1 Properties of standard thermocouples Type Thermoelements Base composition Melting point, °C Resisivity nΩ · m Recommended

132

Manufacturer: Panasonic Battery Type: ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Battery Specifi cations Manufacturer: Panasonic Battery Type: Nickel Metal Hydride Rated Capacity: 5.5 Ahr Rated Power: Not Available Nominal Pack Voltage: 158.4 VDC Nominal Cell...

133

Type I Tanks  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

I Tanks I Tanks * 12 Type I tanks were built between 1951-53 * 750,000 gallon capacity; 75 feet in diameter by 24 ½ feet high * Partial secondary containment with leak detection * Contain approximately 10 percent of the waste volume * 7 Type I tanks have leaked waste into the tank annulus; the amount of waste stored in these tanks is kept below the known leak sites that have appeared over the decades of

134

Evaluating WRF-Chem multi-scale model in simulating aerosol radiative properties over the tropics A case study over India  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We utilized WRF-Chem multi-scale model to simulate the regional distribution of aerosols, optical properties and its effect on radiation over India for a winter month. The model is evaluated using measurements obtained from upper-air soundings, AERONET sun photometers, various satellite instruments, and pyranometers operated by the Indian Meteorological Department. The simulated downward shortwave flux was overestimated when the effect of aerosols on radiation and clouds was neglected. Downward shortwave radiation from a simulation that included aerosol-radiation interaction processes was 5 to 25 Wm{sup -2} closer to the observations, while a simulation that included aerosol-cloud interaction processes were another 1 to 20 Wm{sup -2} closer to the observations. For the few observations available, the model usually underestimated particulate concentration. This is likely due to turbulent mixing, transport errors and the lack of secondary organic aerosol treatment in the model. The model efficiently captured the broad regional hotspots such as high aerosol optical depth over Indo-Gangetic basin as well as the northwestern and southern part of India. The regional distribution of aerosol optical depth compares well with AVHRR aerosol optical depth and the TOMS aerosol index. The magnitude and wavelength-dependence of simulated aerosol optical depth was also similar to the AERONET observations across India. Differences in surface shortwave radiation between simulations that included and neglected aerosol-radiation interactions were as high as -25 Wm{sup -2}, while differences in surface shortwave radiation between simulations that included and neglect aerosol-radiation-cloud interactions were as high as -30 Wm{sup -2}. The spatial variations of these differences were also compared with AVHRR observation. This study suggests that the model is able to qualitatively simulate the impact of aerosols on radiation over India; however, additional measurements of particulate mass and composition are needed to fully evaluate whether the aerosol precursor emissions are adequate when simulating radiative forcing in the region.

Seethala, C.; Pandithurai, G.; Fast, Jerome D.; Polade, Suraj D.; Reddy, M. S.; Peckham, Steven E.

2012-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

135

The Napier Type System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Persistent programming is concerned with the construction of large and long lived systems of data. In designing and building persistent object systems, we are attempting to regularise the activities that are performed on data by programming languages, operating systems, database management systems and file systems. We have identified the following areas of research which we are investigating in the context of persistent systems. They are: controlling complexity, protection of data, orthogonal persistence, controlled system evolution and concurrent computation. In this paper, we describe the data modelling facilities of the Napier type system. We also demonstrate the flexible and incremental nature of the type checking mechanism that is required for persistent programming. The type system is central to the nature of the Napier language and we will demonstrate how it has been designed to solve problems in the five areas identified above.

R. Morrison; A.L. Brown; R. Carrick; R.C.H. Connor; A. Dearle; M.P. Atkinson

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

TYPE OF OPERATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

3!NEEi_S1 3!NEEi_S1 past: -~~~-~~~~~-~~~---------- current: ------------_------------- Owner contacted q yes g no; if ye=, date contacted TYPE OF OPERATION --~~__--~-~~~---- 5 Research & Development 5 Facility Type 0 Production scale testing c1 Pilot Scale 0 Bench Scale Process z Theareti cal Studi es Sample Sr Analysis 0 Production D Disposal/Storage TYPE OF CONTRACT ---------------- 0 Manufacturing 0 University 0 Research Clrganization B Government Cpanaored Faci 1 i ty 0 Other ~~---~~---_--~~-----_ a Prime 13 Subcontract& D PurcSase Order 0 Other information (i.e., cost + fixed fee, unit price, time & material, +z) ----_----------------------- Cantract/Purchaae Order #-d-z=&-/) -2_7~-------------Is_------------ PERIOD: CONTRACTING I%~(?) - 1465

137

Types of quantum information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum, in contrast to classical, information theory, allows for different incompatible types (or species) of information which cannot be combined with each other. Distinguishing these incompatible types is useful in understanding the role of the two classical bits in teleportation (or one bit in one-bit teleportation), for discussing decoherence in information-theoretic terms, and for giving a proper definition, in quantum terms, of ``classical information.'' Various examples (some updating earlier work) are given of theorems which relate different incompatible kinds of information, and thus have no counterparts in classical information theory.

Robert B. Griffiths

2007-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

138

Conditional belief types  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study type spaces where a players type at a state is a conditional probability on the space. We axiomatize these type spaces using conditional belief operators, and examine three additional axioms of increasing strength. First, introspection, which requires the agent to be unconditionally certain of her beliefs. Second, echo, according to which the unconditional beliefs implied by the condition must be held given the condition. Third, determination, which says that the conditional beliefs are the unconditional beliefs that are conditionally certain. The echo axiom implies that conditioning on an event is the same as conditioning on the event being certain, which formalizes the standard informal interpretation of conditioning in probability theory. The echo axiom also implies that the conditional probability given an event is a prior of the unconditional probability. The game-theoretic application of our model, which we treat in the context of an example, sheds light on a number of basic issues in the analysis of extensive form games. Type spaces are closely related to the sphere models of counterfactual conditionals and to models of hypothetical knowledge, and we discuss these relationships in detail.

Alfredo Di; Tillio Joseph; Y. Halpern; Dov Samet

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Spray type wet scrubber  

SciTech Connect

A spray type wet scrubber includes a plurality of spray nozzles installed in parallel banks across the path of gas stream within the scrubber body, and partition walls held upright in grating fashion to divide the path of gas stream into a plurality of passages, each of which accommodates one of the spray nozzles.

Atsukawa, M.; Tatani, A.

1978-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

140

Types of Multinet System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A limiting factor in research on combining classifiers is a lack of awareness of the full range of available modular structures. One reason for this is that there is as yet little agreement on a means of describing and classifying types of multiple classifier ...

Amanda J. C. Sharkey

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lg chem type" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Scripting the type inference process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To improve the quality of type error messages in functional programming languages,we propose four techniques which influence the behaviour of constraint-based type inference processes. These techniques take the form of externally supplied type inference ... Keywords: constraints, directives, domain-specific programming, type errors, type inference

Bastiaan Heeren; Jurriaan Hage; S. Doaitse Swierstra

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

TYPE OF OPERATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Owner c:ontacted Owner c:ontacted TYPE OF OPERATION ----------------_ jJ Research & Development 0 Production scale testing Cl Pilot Scale 0 Bench Scale Process i Theoretical Studies Sample & Analysis B Production 0 Disposal/Storage $r Prime 0 Subcontract& 0 Purchase Order 0 Facility Type 0 Manufacturing 0 University 0 Research Organization a Other information (i.e., cost + fixed fern, unit price,' time & mate ~r~~-r~~tf~-_~_-_~-~f-~~J~ d ial, etc)_kl/Jlfits ---- -7---- -- Contract/Purchase Order # w?@7-e?-b $ 6, i;,_~~~~~----------------- - ----- C_O!!IF!KXYE-PEELEg: -lTlL-/L?~J --------------------------- OWNERSHXP: AEWHEC AEC/HED' GOVT GB' JT SiXiRACTOR CONiRkCiGR WEE LEAs_EE a!!!%? IEEE!? --------_ ..---LEASED ._ OWNED LANDS BUILDINGS EQUIPMENT

143

TYPE OF OPERATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

~~__--------_____ ~~__--------_____ q Research & Development q Production scale testing Cl Pilat Scale 0 Bench Scale Process 0 Theoretical Studies a Sample & Analysis c] Production 0 Disposal/Storage TYPE OF CONTRACT ~~__-------_--__ 0 Prime 0 Subcontractor 0 Purchase Order a d//F- a Faci 1 i ty Type a tlanuf acturi ng 0 University q Research Organization 0 Government Sponsored Facility a other --------------__----- Other information (i.e., cost + fixed fee, unit price, time & material, qtr) ------- -1------------------_L______ Contract/Purchase Order # CONTRACTING PE?IOD- 42 --------------L---- --------- ----------------_---______ OWNERSHIP: AEC/MED AEC/tlED OWNED ----- LE_A_sEE GOUT GO' JT CONTRACTOR E!!!!E!z LEASED - ----_ ---_OW_E!L LANDS BUILDINGS

144

Solar-type Variables  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The rich acoustic oscillation spectrum in solar-type variables make these stars particularly interesting for studying fluid-dynamical aspects of the stellar interior. I present a summary of the properties of solar-like oscillations, how they are excited and damped and discuss some of the recent progress in using asteroseismic diagnostic techniques for analysing low-degree acoustic modes. Also the effects of stellar-cycle variations in low-mass main-sequence stars are addressed.

Houdek, Gunter

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Practical pluggable types for Java  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper introduces the Checker Framework, which supports adding pluggable type systems to the Java language in a backward-compatible way. A type system designer defines type qualifiers and their semantics, and a compiler ...

Papi, Matthew M

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

ment of Chem aduate Offic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ):_________ __________ l TA W IMPLIE N IF OFF ___________ __________ ation ­ Fa duate Stude graduate Pr wing informa ____ ____ ____ ____ _____ _____ _____ _____ ____ ____ E ____ RED) #12;SCHEDULE MON TUES WED THUR FRI 8:00 8:30 9:00 9:30 10:00 10:30 11:00 11:30 12:00 12

Thirumalai, Devarajan

147

Practical pluggable types for Java.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This paper introduces the Checker Framework, which supports adding pluggable type systems to the Java language in a backward-compatible way. A type system designer defines (more)

Papi, Matthew M

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Type inference for datalog with complex type hierarchies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Type inference for Datalog can be understood as the problem of mapping programs to a sublanguage for which containment is decidable. To wit, given a program in Datalog, a schema describing the types of extensional relations, and a user-supplied set of ... Keywords: datalog, type inference, type system

Max Schfer; Oege de Moor

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

TYPE OF OPERATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

_---------_-- _---------_-- Research & Development 0 Production scale testing Cl Pilat Scale 0 Bench Scale Process 0 Theoretical Studies Cl Sample SC Analysis !J Production 0 Dis.posal/Storage 0 Prime ." 0 Subcontract& 0 Purchase Order 0 Facility Type 0 Manufacturing 0 University 0 Research Org&ization 0 Government Sponsored Facility Cl Other ---------_---__-____- Other information (i.e., cost + fixed fee, unit price, time & material, gtr) Coni+act/Purchase Order # ---------------------_--_________ C!2kEE~_CIL_N_G-EE~LE~: /5J--L-,r4 53 -------------------------------------- OWNERSHIP: AEC/MED AEC/MED GOVT GOVT CONTRACTOR CONTRACTOR !w!!E? ___--- " EWNED LEASED L_EesEE OWNED LEASED ---------_ --_------ LANDS BUILDINGS ' EQUIPMENT

150

Forecast Technical Document Forecast Types  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Forecast Technical Document Forecast Types A document describing how different forecast types are implemented in the 2011 Production Forecast system. Tom Jenkins Robert Matthews Ewan Mackie Lesley Halsall #12;PF2011 ­ Forecast Types Background Different `types' of forecast are possible for a specified area

151

Impact of natural and anthropogenic aerosols on stratocumulus and precipitation in the Southeast Pacific: A regional modeling study using WRF-Chem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud-system resolving simulations with the chemistry version of the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF-Chem) model are used to quantify the impacts of regional anthropogenic and oceanic emissions on changes in aerosol properties, cloud macro- and microphysics, and cloud radiative forcing over the Southeast Pacific (SEP) during the VAMOS Ocean-Cloud-Atmosphere-Land Study Regional Experiment (VOCALS-REx) (15 OctNov 16, 2008). The effects of oceanic aerosols on cloud properties, precipitation, and the shortwave forcing counteract those of anthropogenic aerosols. Despite the relatively small changes in Na concentrations (2-12%) from regional oceanic emissions, their net effect (direct and indirect) on the surface shortwave forcing is opposite and comparable or even larger in magnitude compared to those of regional anthropogenic emissions over the SEP. Two distinct regions are identified in the VOCALS-REx domain. The near-coast polluted region is characterized with strong droplet activation suppression of small particles by sea-salt particles, the more important role of the first than the second indirect effect, low surface precipitation rate, and low aerosol-cloud interaction strength associated with anthropogenic emissions. The relatively clean remote region is characterized with large contributions of Cloud Condensation Nuclei (CCN, number concentration denoted by NCCN) and droplet number concentrations (Nd) from non-local sources (lateral boundaries), a significant amount of surface precipitation, and high aerosol-cloud interactions under a scenario of five-fold increase in anthropogenic emissions. In the clean region, cloud properties have high sensitivity (e.g., 13% increase in cloud-top height and a 9% surface albedo increase) to the moderate increase in CCN concentration (?Nccn = 13 cm-3; 25%) produced by a five-fold increase in regional anthropogenic emissions. The increased anthropogenic aerosols reduce the precipitation amount over the relatively clean remote ocean. The reduction of precipitation (as a cloud water sink) more than doubles the wet scavenging timescale, resulting in an increased aerosol lifetime in the marine boundary layer. Therefore, the aerosol impacts on precipitation are amplified by the positive feedback of precipitation on aerosol. The positive feedback ultimately alters the cloud micro- and macro-properties, leading to strong aerosol-cloud-precipitation interactions. The higher sensitivity of clouds to anthropogenic aerosols over this region is also related to a 16% entrainment rate increase due to anthropogenic aerosols. The simulated aerosol-cloud-precipitation interactions are stronger at night over the clean marine region, while during the day, solar heating results in more frequent decoupling, thinner clouds, reduced precipitation, and reduced sensitivity to anthropogenic emissions. The simulated high sensitivity to the increased anthropogenic emissions over the clean region suggests that the perturbation of the clean marine environment with anthropogenic aerosols may have a larger effect on climate than that of already polluted marine environments.

Yang, Qing; Gustafson, William I.; Fast, Jerome D.; Wang, Hailong; Easter, Richard C.; Wang, Minghuai; Ghan, Steven J.; Berg, Larry K.; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Morrison, H.

2012-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

152

Type inference for generic Haskell  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. The more expressive a type system, the more type information has to be provided in a program. Having to provide a type is sometimes a pain, but lacking expressivity is often even worse. There is a continuous struggle between expressivity and (type-)verbosity. However, even very expressive type systems allow type inference for parts of a program. Generic Haskell is an extension of Haskell that supports defining generic functions. Generic Haskell assumes that the type of a generic function is explicitly specified. This is often no problem, but sometimes it is rather painful to have to specify a type in particular for generic functions with many dependencies and sometimes the specified type can be generalized. In this paper, we identify three type inference problems specific to generic functions, and present (partial) solutions to each of them. 1

Alexey Rodriguez; Johan Jeuring; Andres Lh

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

TYPE OF OPERATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

______ ______ 0 Research & Development 9 Faciiity Type 0 Production scale testing Cl Pilot Scale 0 Bench Scale Process 0 Theoretical Studies Cl Sample 84 Analysis Production Di aposal /Storage g ;E:"V',;=:;;';"" IJ Research Organization 0 Government Sponeored Facility q Other --------------------- 0 Prime q ,@ Subcontract& Other information (i.e., cost 0 Purchase Order + fixed fee, unit price, time ?8 material, etc) -------mm----+------------- Contract/Purchase Order # CONTRACTING PERIODr c&L&.& rqs-z i i -----~_--~~~_----_ -------------------------------------- OWNERSHIP8 CIEC/tlED CIEC/MED GOUT WNED LE&xU _o!!EED LANDS BUILDINGS EQUIPMENT iii E : ORE OR RAW MATL IJ : E FINCIL PRODUCT [7 WCISTE b RESIDUE q GOUT

154

TYPE OF OPERATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

----------------- ----------------- 0 Research & Development .a Production scale testing 0 Pilat Scale 0 Bench Scale Process 0 Thearetical Studies Cl Sample 84 Analysis 0 Production *i DiaposalKitorage Cl Facility Tybe q Government Sponsored Facility Other R.L- 6:e 14 1 1 ---------- --------- I I I TYPE OF CONTRACT ~-__-----------_ fl Prime *I 0 Subcantractbr Other infuriation (i.e., L.t + fixed fee, kit price, 0 Purchase Order time k mat*iik, gtc) /I -~---------'-t-----------~- ----------II---------------- Contract/Purchase Order # I EP!EBEII!G-PEEI9E: ---------------------------------~---- , OWNERSHiP: : I I j ,' / 1 AEC/tlED AEC/MED GOUT GOUT E!!NE_D LEASEI! !z%!NE_D CONTTACTOR CONTf?qCTOR LEASE?? ---w!En- ---LEL3SEI! i I I I LANDS BUILDINGS EIXIIPMENT

155

A type system for CHR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a generic type system for the Constraint Handling Rules (CHR), a rewriting rule language for implementing constraint solvers. CHR being a high-level extension of a host language, such as Prolog or Java, this type system is parameterized by the type system of the host language. We show the consistency of the type system for CHR w.r.t. its operational semantics. We also study the case when the host language is a constraint logic programming language, typed with the prescriptive type system we developed in our previous work. In particular, we show the consistency of the resulting type system w.r.t. the extended execution model CLP+CHR. This system is implemented through an extension of our type checker TCLP for constraint logic languages. We report on experimental results about the type-checking of 12 CHR solvers and programs, including TCLP itself.

Emmanuel Coquery; Franois Fages

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Pluggable type-checking for custom type qualifiers in Java  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have created a framework for adding custom type qualifiers to the Javalanguage in a backward-compatible way. The type system designer definesthe qualifiers and creates a compiler plug-in that enforces theirsemantics. ...

Papi, Matthew M.

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

157

Tornado type wind turbines  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A tornado type wind turbine has a vertically disposed wind collecting tower with spaced apart inner and outer walls and a central bore. The upper end of the tower is open while the lower end of the structure is in communication with a wind intake chamber. An opening in the wind chamber is positioned over a turbine which is in driving communication with an electrical generator. An opening between the inner and outer walls at the lower end of the tower permits radially flowing air to enter the space between the inner and outer walls while a vertically disposed opening in the wind collecting tower permits tangentially flowing air to enter the central bore. A porous portion of the inner wall permits the radially flowing air to interact with the tangentially flowing air so as to create an intensified vortex flow which exits out of the top opening of the tower so as to create a low pressure core and thus draw air through the opening of the wind intake chamber so as to drive the turbine.

Hsu, Cheng-Ting (Ames, IA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

A Type Driven Theory of Predication with Complex Types  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates several models of the complex type which is needed to analyze copredication. Previous accounts are shown to be inadequate and a new account both of and copredication is proposed. Keywords: categorial interpretation,, coercion,, complex types,, copredication,, dot()types, lambda calculus,

Nicholas Asher

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Generic and maximal Jordan types  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 7, 2007 ... (G,k) we exhibit a generic Jordan type of M. In the very special ... specializes to the non-trivial observation that the Jordan type obtained by.

160

Evolutionary Analysis of 11beta-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase-Type 1, -Type 2, -Type 3 and 17beta-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase-Type 2 in Fish  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

metabolized by 11 -hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase-type 1and type 2 andhydroxysteroid dehydrogenase-type 1 and type 2. A. 11 -HSD1

Baker, Michael E

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lg chem type" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

TYPE OF OPERATION R Research & Development T& Facility Type  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

-- R Research & Development T& Facility Type 0 Production scale testing a Pilat scale Y-. Bench Scale Process i Theoretical Studies Sample & Analysis 0 Productian 0 Disposal...

162

From Typing Constraints to Typed Constraint Systems in CHR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Typing constraint programs requires the exibility of subtyping to properly express coercions between constraint domains. The typing of constraint logic programs as done in the TCLP system for example involves solving complex subtyping constraints. In this paper we present an implementation in CHR of Pottier's algorithm for checking the satisfiability of subtype inequalities. We show that when combined with a CHR implementation of an untyped constraint system, a simple merge of both CHR programs gives rise to a new typed constraint system which enjoys nice semantical properties. This is illustrated with examples of typed unification and TCLP programs.

Emmanuel Coquery; Franois Fages; Projet Contraintes Inria-rocquencourt

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Window Types | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Window Types Window Types Window Types June 18, 2012 - 8:06am Addthis A wood-frame window with insulated window glazing. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/chandlerphoto A wood-frame window with insulated window glazing. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/chandlerphoto What does this mean for me? If you have old windows, they are likely losing large amounts of energy through the frames and glazing. By upgrading old windows, you can reduce heating and cooling costs in your home. Windows come in a number of different frame and glazing types. By combining an energy-efficient frame choice with a glazing type tailored to your climate and application, you can customize each of your home's windows. Types of Window Frames Improving the thermal resistance of the frame can contribute to a window's

164

Window Types | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Window Types Window Types Window Types June 18, 2012 - 8:06am Addthis A wood-frame window with insulated window glazing. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/chandlerphoto A wood-frame window with insulated window glazing. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/chandlerphoto What does this mean for me? If you have old windows, they are likely losing large amounts of energy through the frames and glazing. By upgrading old windows, you can reduce heating and cooling costs in your home. Windows come in a number of different frame and glazing types. By combining an energy-efficient frame choice with a glazing type tailored to your climate and application, you can customize each of your home's windows. Types of Window Frames Improving the thermal resistance of the frame can contribute to a window's

165

Published on Web Date: December 01, 2010 r 2010 American Chemical Society 3451 DOI: 10.1021/jz1012627 |J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2010, 1, 34513458  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

was restricted, mineral-catalyzed Fisher-Tropsch like synthesis of hydrocarbons and CH4 may have occurred. However, asteroidal samples (chondrites) do not reveal signs of Fisher-Tropsch type synthesis (Alexander-17 to 10-9 m2 (Fisher 1998). At mid-ocean ridges on Earth and in other places where tec- tonic activity

Kenis, Paul J. A.

166

Type error slicing in implicitly typed higher-order languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous methods have generally identified the location of a type error as a particular program point or the program subtree rooted at that point. We present a new approach that identifies the location of a type error as a set of program points (a slice) ...

Christian Haack; J. B. Wells

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Infrastructure Failure - Types and Frequency  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Infrastructure Failure - Types and Frequency. Small events that have no impact on supplies Events that require supply/demand responses Events that result in a ...

168

National Type Evaluation Technical Committee  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... checked on an in-motion railway track scale ... Type of Test: (no change) Rail Scale Testing ... or digital), hydraulic, vibrating wire, piezoelectric, or other. ...

2011-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

169

Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Lighting Types  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Lighting Types Lighting Types The following are the most widely used types of lighting equipment used in commercial buildings. Characteristics such as energy efficiency, light quality, and lifetime vary by lamp type. Standard Fluorescent A fluorescent lamp consists of a sealed gas-filled tube. The gas in the tube consists of a mixture of low pressure mercury vapor and an inert gas such as argon. The inner surface of the tube has a coating of phosphor powder. When an electrical current is applied to electrodes in the tube, the mercury vapor emits ultraviolet radiation which then causes the phosphor coating to emit visible light (the process is termed fluorescence). A ballast is required to regulate and control the current and voltage. Two types of ballasts are used, magnetic and electronic. Electronic ballasts

170

A type system for CHR  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a generic type system for the Constraint Handling Rules (CHR), a rewriting rule language for implementing constraint solvers. CHR being a high-level extension of a host language, such as Prolog or Java, this type system is parameterized ...

Emmanuel Coquery; Franois Fages

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Partial Type Inference with Higher-Order Types.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The language MLF is an extension of System-F that permits robust first-order partial type inference with second-order polymorphism. We propose an extension of MLF's graphical (more)

HERMS, PAOLO

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

P-type gallium nitride  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Several methods have been found to make p-type gallium nitride. P-type gallium nitride has long been sought for electronic devices. N-type gallium nitride is readily available. Discovery of p-type gallium nitride and the methods for making it will enable its use in ultraviolet and blue light-emitting diodes and lasers. pGaN will further enable blue photocathode elements to be made. Molecular beam epitaxy on substrates held at the proper temperatures, assisted by a nitrogen beam of the proper energy produced several types of p-type GaN with hole concentrations of about 5{times}10{sup 11} /cm{sup 3} and hole mobilities of about 500 cm{sup 2} /V-sec, measured at 250 K. P-type GaN can be formed of unintentionally-doped material or can be doped with magnesium by diffusion, ion implantation, or co-evaporation. When applicable, the nitrogen can be substituted with other group III elements such as Al. 9 figs.

Rubin, M.; Newman, N.; Fu, T.; Ross, J.; Chan, J.

1997-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

173

P-type gallium nitride  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Several methods have been found to make p-type gallium nitride. P-type gallium nitride has long been sought for electronic devices. N-type gallium nitride is readily available. Discovery of p-type gallium nitride and the methods for making it will enable its use in ultraviolet and blue light-emitting diodes and lasers. pGaN will further enable blue photocathode elements to be made. Molecular beam epitaxy on substrates held at the proper temperatures, assisted by a nitrogen beam of the proper energy produced several types of p-type GaN with hole concentrations of about 5.times.10.sup.11 /cm.sup.3 and hole mobilities of about 500 cm.sup.2 /V-sec, measured at 250.degree. K. P-type GaN can be formed of unintentionally-doped material or can be doped with magnesium by diffusion, ion implantation, or co-evaporation. When applicable, the nitrogen can be substituted with other group III elements such as Al.

Rubin, Michael (Berkeley, CA); Newman, Nathan (Montara, CA); Fu, Tracy (Berkeley, CA); Ross, Jennifer (Pleasanton, CA); Chan, James (Berkeley, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Gradual typing with unification-based inference  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Static and dynamic type systems have well-known strengths and weaknesses. Gradual typing provides the benefits of both in a single language by giving the programmer control over which portions of the program are statically checked based on the ... Keywords: dynamic typing, gradual typing, simply typed lambda calculus, static typing, type inference, unification

Jeremy G. Siek; Manish Vachharajani

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Type Ia Supernovae Project at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Type Ia Supernovae Type Ia Supernovae Supernova-1.jpg Update: Recent Berkeley Lab Computing Sciences News about supernovae: read more... Key Challenges: Understanding Type Ia...

176

Property:InfographicType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Property Name InfographicType Property Type String Description The type of document as a string. This property is used by References and...

177

Typed MSR: Syntax and Examples  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many design flaws and incorrect analyses of cryptographic protocols can be traced to inadequate specification languages for message components, environment assumptions, and goals. In this paper, we present MSR, a strongly typed specification language ...

Iliano Cervesato

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Adding dynamic types to C  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Developers using statically typed languages such as C? and Java are increasingly having to interoperate with APIs and object models defined in dynamic languages. This impedance mismatch results in code that is difficult to understand, awkward to ...

Gavin Bierman; Erik Meijer; Mads Torgersen

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Superspace Type II 4D Supergravity from Type II Superstring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive the equations of motion of type II 4D supergravity in superspace. This is achieved by coupling the Type II Berkovits' hybrid superstring to an N=2 curved background and requiring that the sigma-model has N=(2,2) superconformal invariance at one loop. We show that there are no anomalies in the fermionic OPE's and the complete set of compensator's equations is derived from the energy-momentum tensor. The equations of motion describe a hypertensorial and vectorial multiplet coupled to a U(1)\\times U(1) N=2 Poincar\\`e Supergravity.

Daniel L. Nedel

2004-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

180

Generativity and dynamic opacity for abstract types  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The standard formalism for explaining abstract types is existential quantification. While it provides a sufficient model for type abstraction in entirely statically typed languages, it proves to be too weak for languages enriched with forms of dynamic ... Keywords: abstract types, dynamic typing, encapsulation, existential types, generativity, opacity

Andreas Rossberg

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lg chem type" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Types of Reuse | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Services » Property » Property Reuse » Types of Reuse Services » Property » Property Reuse » Types of Reuse Types of Reuse Types of Reuse Types of Reuse Types of Reuse Types of Reuse Types of Reuse Types of Reuse Types of Reuse Types of Reuse Types of Reuse Types of Reuse The following provides greater detail regarding the types of reuse pursued for LM sites. It should be noted that many actual reuses combine several types of the uses listed below. Agriculture Many of the LM lands in the west are surrounded by open rangeland administered by the Bureau of Land Management or large ranches that are primarily used for grazing. LM promotes agricultural uses of lands that are surrounded by existing agricultural operations. Agricultural uses, such as cultivation of crops, could be combined with habitat improvements or

182

Description of CBECS Building Types  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Description of Building Types Description of Building Types Description of CBECS Building Types In the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS), buildings are classified according to principal activity, which is the primary business, commerce, or function carried on within each building. Buildings used for more than one of the activities described below are assigned to the activity occupying the most floorspace at the time of the interview. Thus, a building assigned to a particular principal activity category may be used for other activities in a portion of its space or at some time during the year. In the 1999 CBECS, respondents were asked to place their building into a sub-category that was a more specific activity than has been collected in prior surveys. This was done to ensure the quality of the data; after data collection, the subcategories were combined into these more general building categories, which are consistent with prior CBECS surveys.

183

Federal Energy Management Program: Maintenance Types  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Maintenance Types Maintenance Types to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Maintenance Types on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Maintenance Types on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Maintenance Types on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Maintenance Types on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Maintenance Types on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Maintenance Types on AddThis.com... Sustainable Buildings & Campuses Operations & Maintenance Federal Requirements Program Management Commissioning Metering Computerized Maintenance Management Systems Maintenance Types Reactive Preventive Predictive Reliability-Centered Major Equipment Types Resources Contacts

184

Hadamard type operations for qubits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We obtain the most general ensemble of qubits, for which it is possible to design a universal Hadamard gate. These states when geometrically represented on the Bloch sphere, give a new trajectory. We further consider some Hadamard `type' of operations and find ensembles of states for which such transformations hold. Unequal superposition of a qubit and its orthogonal complement is also investigated.

Arpita Maitra; Preeti Parashar

2005-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

185

Description of CBECS Building Types  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Energy Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) > Description of Building Types Description of CBECS Building Types In the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS), buildings are classified according to principal activity, which is the primary business, commerce, or function carried on within each building. Buildings used for more than one of the activities described below are assigned to the activity occupying the most floorspace at the time of the interview. Thus, a building assigned to a particular principal activity category may be used for other activities in a portion of its space or at some time during the year. In the 1999 and 2003 CBECS, respondents were asked to place their building into a sub-category that was a more specific activity than has been collected in prior surveys. This was done to ensure the quality of the data; after data collection, the subcategories were combined into these more general building categories, which are consistent with prior CBECS surveys.

186

Type I vs type II spiral ganglion neurons exhibit differential survival and neuritogenesis during cochlear development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GD: Membrane properties of type II spiral ganglion neuronesJP, Ryan AF, Housley GD: Type III intermediate filamentinhibits neuritogenesis in type II spiral ganglion neurons

Barclay, Meagan; Ryan, Allen F; Housley, Gary D

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

JOM: Author Tools - Types of Papers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

HOME > Author Tools > Types of Papers. Types of Papers ... Explores materials usage and development throughout history. These articles must contain new...

188

Federal Energy Management Program: Types of Commissioning  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Commissioning to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Types of Commissioning on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Types of...

189

Type IIB Orientifolds, F-theory, Type I Strings on Orbifolds and Type I - Heterotic Duality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider six and four dimensional ${\\cal N}=1$ supersymmetric orientifolds of Type IIB compactified on orbifolds. We give the conditions under which the perturbative world-sheet orientifold approach is adequate, and list the four dimensional ${\\cal N}=1$ orientifolds (which are rather constrained) that satisfy these conditions. We argue that in most cases orientifolds contain non-perturbative sectors that are missing in the world-sheet approach. These non-perturbative sectors can be thought of as arising from D-branes wrapping various collapsed 2-cycles in the orbifold. Using these observations, we explain certain ``puzzles'' in the literature on four dimensional orientifolds. In particular, in some four dimensional orientifolds the ``naive'' tadpole cancellation conditions have no solution. However, these tadpole cancellation conditions are derived using the world-sheet approach which we argue to be inadequate in these cases due to appearance of additional non-perturbative sectors. The main tools in our analyses are the map between F-theory and orientifold vacua and Type I-heterotic duality. Utilizing the consistency conditions we have found in this paper, we discuss consistent four dimensional chiral ${\\cal N}=1$ Type I vacua which are non-perturbative from the heterotic viewpoint.

Zurab Kakushadze; Gary Shiu; S. -H. Henry Tye

1998-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

190

Wheel-type magnetic refrigerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosure is directed to a wheel-type magnetic refrigerator capable of cooling over a large temperature range. Ferromagnetic or paramagnetic porous materials are layered circumferentially according to their Curie temperature. The innermost layer has the lowest Curie temperature and the outermost layer has the highest Curie temperature. The wheel is rotated through a magnetic field perpendicular to the axis of the wheel and parallel to its direction of rotation. A fluid is pumped through portions of the layers using inner and outer manifolds to achieve refrigeration of a thermal load.

Barclay, J.A.

1982-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

191

Wheel-type magnetic refrigerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosure is directed to a wheel-type magnetic refrigerator capable of cooling over a large temperature range. Ferromagnetic or paramagnetic porous materials are layered circumferentially according to their Curie temperature. The innermost layer has the lowest Curie temperature and the outermost layer has the highest Curie temperature. The wheel is rotated through a magnetic field perpendicular to the axis of the wheel and parallel to its direction of rotation. A fluid is pumped through portions of the layers using inner and outer manifolds to achieve refrigeration of a thermal load.

Barclay, John A. (Los Alamos, NM)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Wheel-type magnetic refrigerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosure is directed to a wheel-type magnetic refrigerator capable of cooling over a large temperature range. Ferromagnetic or paramagnetic porous materials are layered circumferentially according to their Curie temperature. The innermost layer has the lowest Curie temperature and the outermost layer has the highest Curie temperature. The wheel is rotated through a magnetic field perpendicular to the axis of the wheel and parallel to its direction of rotation. A fluid is pumped through portions of the layers using inner and outer manifolds to achieve refrigeration of a thermal load. 7 figs.

Barclay, J.A.

1983-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

193

Discovering role of linguistic geometry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Linguistic Geometry (LG) is a type of game theory for extensive discrete games scalable to the level of real life defense systems. LG was developed by generalizing experiences of the advanced chess players. In this paper we summarize experiences of highly ... Keywords: ancient warfare, artificial intelligence, game theory, linguistic geometry, search

Boris Stilman; Vladimir Yakhnis; Oleg Umanskiy

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Improving MPI communication via data type fission  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Message Passing Interface (MPI) messages are centered around transmitting instances of MPI data types. The data types represented in MPI terms are usually modeled after data types native to the application. If a user does not want to transmit a field ... Keywords: MPI, communication, data type fission, static transformation

Ben Perry; Martin Swany

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Explaining ML type errors by data flows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a novel approach to explaining ML type errors: Since the type system inhibits data flows that would abort the program at run-time, our type checker identifies as explanations those data flows that violate the typing rules. It also detects ...

Holger Gast

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Property:ProjectType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ProjectType ProjectType Jump to: navigation, search Property Name ProjectType Property Type Page Description A descriptive type for a project. This property uses pages as for its values, each of which should describe the type in detail. Pages using the property "ProjectType" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Akutan Geothermal Project + Hydrothermal System + Alligator Geothermal Geothermal Project + Hydrothermal System + Alum Geothermal Project + Hydrothermal System + Aurora Geothermal Project + Hydrothermal System + B Bald Mountain Geothermal Project + Hydrothermal System + Baltazor Springs Geothermal Project + Hydrothermal System + Barren Hills Geothermal Project + Hydrothermal System + Black Rock I Geothermal Project + Hydrothermal System +

197

Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lighting Control Lighting Control Types to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types on AddThis.com... Energy-Efficient Products Federal Requirements Covered Product Categories Product Designation Process Low Standby Power Energy & Cost Savings Calculators Model Acquisitions Language Working Group Resources Technology Deployment Renewable Energy

198

Toeplitz CAR flows and type I factorizations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Toeplitz CAR flows are a class of E_0-semigroups including the first type III example constructed by R. T. Powers. We show that the Toeplitz CAR flows contain uncountably many mutually non cocycle conjugate E_0-semigroups of type III. We also generalize the type III criterion for Toeplitz CAR flows employed by Powers (and later refined by W. Arveson), and show that Toeplitz CAR flows are always either of type I or type III.

Izumi, Masaki

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Hydrogen in Type Ic Supernovae?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By definition, a Type Ic supernova (SN Ic) does not have conspicuous lines of hydrogen or helium in its optical spectrum. SNe Ic usually are modelled in terms of the gravitational collapse of bare carbon-oxygen cores. We consider the possibility that the spectra of ordinary (SN 1994I-like) SNe Ic have been misinterpreted, and that SNe Ic eject hydrogen. An absorption feature usually attributed to a blend of Si II 6355 and C II 6580 may be produced by H-alpha. If SN 1994I-like SNe Ic eject hydrogen, the possibility that hypernova (SN 1998bw-like) SNe Ic, some of which are associated with gamma-ray bursts, also eject hydrogen should be considered. The implications of hydrogen for SN Ic progenitors and explosion models are briefly discussed.

David Branch; David J. Jeffery; Timothy R. Young; E. Baron

2006-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

200

ChemCam sends digital 'thumbs up'  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the rover landed on Martian soil. August 8, 2012 Researchers from LANL and the French Space Agency examine data from the Mars Science Laboratory Curiosity rover from inside the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lg chem type" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

ChemLabTM: Bio Detector  

Company, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. ... Systems integration and engineering

202

This journal is c the Owner Societies 2012 Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012, 14, 1519915205 15199 Cite this: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012, 14, 1519915205  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

behavior in simulated body fluid were investigated in this study. The cell response to the composite-like apatite on metals and polymers by a biomimetic process. Thermochim Acta 1996;280/281:479­490. 23. Ferrando

McBride, Carl

203

19788 Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011, 13, 1978819795 This journal is c the Owner Societies 2011 Cite this: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011, 13, 1978819795  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ice; a potential new ice phase--XIcw Zamaan Raza,ae Dario Alfe` ,bef Christoph G. Salzmann,c Jir i and discuss a possible route for preparing ice XIc. 1 Introduction Hexagonal ice is the most prevalent phase phase, but merely hexagonal ice containing cub

Alavi, Ali

204

This journal is c the Owner Societies 2011 Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011, 13, 1761517624 17615 Cite this: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011, 13, 1761517624  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electrodes. The graphene/CNT electrodes exhibited an ultra-high energy density of 155.6 Wh kg?1 in ionic and fullerenes. Graphene and chemically modified graphene sheets possess a high electrical conductivity,15 high in graphene-based materials by the electrolyte can be maintained while preserving the overall high electrical

Qin, Lu-Chang

205

Prod. of Ag. Chem. - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy used to manufacture agricultural chemicals. In the original version of the model, the estimates of the energy requirements for fertilizer were based on a ...

206

Type C: Caldera Resource | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

C: Caldera Resource C: Caldera Resource Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Type C: Caldera Resource Dictionary.png Type C: Caldera Resource: No definition has been provided for this term. Add a Definition Brophy Occurrence Models This classification scheme was developed by Brophy, as reported in Updating the Classification of Geothermal Resources. Type A: Magma-heated, Dry Steam Resource Type B: Andesitic Volcanic Resource Type C: Caldera Resource Type D: Sedimentary-hosted, Volcanic-related Resource Type E: Extensional Tectonic, Fault-Controlled Resource Type F: Oceanic-ridge, Basaltic Resource Caldera resources may be found in many tectonic settings but are defined by their caldera structures which control the flow of the fluids in the system.

207

What is the fastest type of energy?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

What is the fastest type of energy? Since almost all forms of radiation move at the speed of light, we can determine that there are SEVERAL types of energies that are equally fast....

208

Vehicle Specifications Battery Type: Li-Ion  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

267 V Rated Capacity (C3): 80 Ah Cooling Method: Glycol Water mix heat exchanger Powertrain Motor Type: 3 Phase Permanent Magnet Number of Motors: One Motor Cooling Type: Oil to...

209

Fuel Ethanol Total Stocks Stocks by Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Stock Type: Download Series History: Definitions, Sources & Notes: Show Data By: Product: Stock Type: Area: Feb-13 Mar-13 Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 View History; U ...

210

Crystal of GTP Cyclohydrolase Type IB  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This invention relates to a novel, bacterial GTP Cyclohydrolase Type IB enzyme, and the crystal structure thereof.

Swairjo, Manal A.; Iwata-Reuyl, Dirk; de Crecy-Lagard, Valerie

2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

211

Lighting Type at Home and at Work  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Information on what types of lights are used at home and at work (data from 1995 CBECS and 1993 RECS).

Information Center

1998-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

212

Search by Fuel or Vehicle Type  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vehicle Type Select Year... 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000...

213

Filter type rotor for multistation photometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A filter type rotor for a multistation photometer is provided. The rotor design combines the principle of cross-flow filtration with centrifugal sedimentation so that these occur simultaneously as a first stage of processing for suspension type fluids in an analytical type instrument. The rotor is particularly useful in whole-blood analysis.

Shumate, II, Starling E. (Knoxville, TN)

1977-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

214

Faking it Simulating dependent types in Haskell  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dependent types reflect the fact that validity of data is often a relative notion by allowing prior data to affect the types of subsequent data. Not only does this make for a precise type system, but also a highly generic one: both ...

Conor McBride

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Types of Commissioning | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Types of Commissioning Types of Commissioning Types of Commissioning October 7, 2013 - 9:17am Addthis Several commissioning types exist to address the specific needs of equipment and systems across both new and existing buildings. The following commissioning types provide a good overview. New Building Commissioning New building commissioning happens during the design and construction of new facilities. The process ensures that systems and equipment in new buildings operate properly. This is done through design reviews, functional testing, system documentation, and operator training. Federal agencies should consider new building commissioning when building new facilities or undergoing major facility renovations. The process is best implemented through all phases of construction.

216

Property:Water Type | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Type Type Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Water Type Property Type String Pages using the property "Water Type" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 1 1.5-ft Wave Flume Facility + Freshwater + 10-ft Wave Flume Facility + Freshwater + 11-ft Wave Flume Facility + Freshwater + 2 2-ft Flume Facility + Freshwater + 3 3-ft Wave Flume Facility + Freshwater + 5 5-ft Wave Flume Facility + Freshwater + 6 6-ft Wave Flume Facility + Freshwater + A Alden Large Flume + Freshwater + Alden Small Flume + Freshwater + Alden Tow Tank + Freshwater + Alden Wave Basin + Freshwater + B Breakwater Research Facility + Freshwater + Bucknell Hydraulic Flume + Freshwater + C Carderock 2-ft Variable Pressure Cavitation Water Tunnel + Freshwater +

217

Property:Incentive/Type | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Type Type Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Incentive/Type Property Type Page Description Incentive Type. Subproperties This property has the following 1 subproperty: I Filter:Incentives By Type Pages using the property "Incentive/Type" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 2 2003 Climate Change Fuel Cell Buy-Down Program (Federal) + Federal Grant Program + 3 30% Business Tax Credit for Solar (Vermont) + Corporate Tax Credit + 4 401 Certification (Vermont) + Environmental Regulations + A AEP (Central and North) - CitySmart Program (Texas) + Utility Rebate Program + AEP (Central and North) - Residential Energy Efficiency Programs (Texas) + Utility Rebate Program + AEP (Central and SWEPCO) - Coolsaver A/C Tune Up (Texas) + Utility Rebate Program +

218

Property:Document type | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Document type Document type Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Document type Property Type String Description The type of document as a string. This property is used by a variety of concepts including Reference Materials and may contain document types appropriate for multiple concepts. Allows Values Book;Book Review;Book Section;Conference Paper;Conference Proceedings;General;Info Graphic/Map/Chart;Journal Article;Legal;Memorandum;Periodical;Personal Communication;Poster;Report;Thesis/Dissertation;Web Site Pages using the property "Document type" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 2 2-D Magnetotellurics At The Geothermal Site At Soultz-Sous-Forets- Resistivity Distribution To About 3000 M Depth + Journal Article + 2.8-Ma Ash-Flow Caldera At Chegem River In The Northern Caucasus Mountains (Russia), Contemporaneous Granites, And Associated Ore Deposits + Journal Article +

219

Property Types, Definitions, and Use Detail  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Types, Definitions, and Use Details Types, Definitions, and Use Details The property types listed on pages 1 through 7 are eligible to receive the 1-100 ENERGY STAR score. The Use Details marked with an asterisk are required in order to receive a score. Portfolio Manager now contains more than 80 property types to choose from when setting up your property, in order to best identify the primary use of your property. Although the building types for which the 1-100 ENERGY STAR score is currently available will not change, the expanded list of property types that can be selected will offer users more specific and accurate categorization for comparison. See below for the full list of property types available in Portfolio Manager, along with their definitions and the property use details that you will need to enter.

220

n-Linear Algebra of type II  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This book is a continuation of the book n-linear algebra of type I and its applications. Most of the properties that could not be derived or defined for n-linear algebra of type I is made possible in this new structure: n-linear algebra of type II which is introduced in this book. In case of n-linear algebra of type II we are in a position to define linear functionals which is one of the marked difference between the n-vector spaces of type I and II. However all the applications mentioned in n-linear algebras of type I can be appropriately extended to n-linear algebras of type II. Another use of n-linear algebra (n-vector spaces) of type II is that when this structure is used in coding theory we can have different types of codes built over different finite fields whereas this is not possible in the case of n-vector spaces of type I. Finally in the case of n-vector spaces of type II, we can obtain n-eigen values from distinct fields; hence, the n-characteristic polynomials formed in them are in distinct different fields. An attractive feature of this book is that the authors have suggested 120 problems for the reader to pursue in order to understand this new notion. This book has three chapters. In the first chapter the notion of n-vector spaces of type II are introduced. This chapter gives over 50 theorems. Chapter two introduces the notion of n-inner product vector spaces of type II, n-bilinear forms and n-linear functionals. The final chapter suggests over a hundred problems. It is important that the reader is well-versed not only with linear algebra but also n-linear algebra of type I.

W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy; Florentin Smarandache

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lg chem type" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Property:TypeOf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TypeOf TypeOf Jump to: navigation, search Property Name TypeOf Property Type Page Description Similar to Property:PartOf, this property identifies pages that represent a less specific concept or idea than the subject page. For example, CSP is a TypeOf Solar Power Generation. Pages using the property "TypeOf" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 2 2-M Probe Survey + Data Collection and Mapping + A Acoustic Logs + Well Log Techniques + Active Seismic Techniques + Seismic Techniques + Active Sensors + Remote Sensing Techniques + Aerial Photography + Passive Sensors + Aeromagnetic Survey + Magnetic Techniques + Airborne Electromagnetic Survey + Electromagnetic Techniques + Airborne Gravity Survey + Gravity Techniques + Analytical Modeling + Modeling Techniques +

222

Property:Geothermal/Type | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Type Type Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Pages using the property "Geothermal/Type" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 4 4 UR Guest Ranch Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + Pool and Spa + A Ace Development Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + Aquaculture + Agua Calientes Trailer Park Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + Space Heating + Alive Polarity's Murrietta Hot Spring Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + Pool and Spa + Americulture Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + Aquaculture + Aq Dryers Agricultural Drying Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + Agricultural Drying + Aqua Caliente County Park Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + Pool and Spa +

223

Candidate Biomarkers for Type 2 Diabetes - Available ...  

The current gold standard for diagnosing pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes is the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), which is used to determine ...

224

Appendix E National Type Evaluation Technical Committee ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... type evaluation criteria relating to the taking of tare ... scales) may semi automatically (pushbutton) take tare values ... automatic tare may be taken to ...

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

225

Decameter Type III-Like Bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Starting from 1960s Type III-like bursts (Type III bursts with high drift rates) in a wide frequency range from 300 to 950MHz have been observed. These new bursts observed at certain frequency being compared to the usual Type III bursts at the same frequency show similar behaviour but feature frequency drift 2-6 times higher than the normal bursts. In this paper we report the first observations of Type III-like bursts in decameter range, carried out during summer campaigns 2002 - 2004 at UTR-2 radio telescope. The circular polarization of the bursts was measured by the radio telescope URAN-2 in 2004. The observed bursts are analyzed and compared with usual Type III bursts in the decameter range. From the analysis of over 1100 Type III-like bursts, their main parameters have been found. Characteristic feature of the observed bursts is similar to Type III-like bursts at other frequencies, i.e. measured drift rates (5-10 MHz/s) of this bursts are few times larger than that for usual Type III bursts, and their durations (1-2 s) are few times smaller than that for usual Type III bursts in this frequency band.

V. N. Melnik; A. A. Konovalenko; B. P. Rutkevych; H. O. Rucker; V. V. Dorovskyy; E. P. Abranin; A. Lecacheux; A. I. Brazhenko; A. A. Stanislavskyy

2007-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

226

Massive Type II in Double Field Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We provide an extension of the recently constructed double field theory formulation of the low-energy limits of type II strings, in which the RR fields can depend simultaneously on the 10-dimensional space-time coordinates and linearly on the dual winding coordinates. For the special case that only the RR one-form of type IIA carries such a dependence, we obtain the massive deformation of type IIA supergravity due to Romans. For T-dual configurations we obtain a `massive' but non-covariant formulation of type IIB, in which the 10-dimensional diffeomorphism symmetry is deformed by the mass parameter.

Olaf Hohm; Seung Ki Kwak

2011-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

227

Turbulent Combustion in Type Ia Supernova Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review the astrophysical modeling of type Ia supernova explosions and describe numerical methods to implement numerical simulations of these events. Some results of such simulations are discussed.

F. K. Roepke; W. Hillebrandt

2006-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

228

Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lighting Control Types Characteristics of the most common lighting controls for offices and other public buildings are outlined below. Typical Lighting Control Applications...

229

Review Forensic DNA typing by capillary electrophoresis ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... for prime time in a forensic laboratory setting ... and typing methodologies, many forensic laboratories will likely ... http://www.fbi.gov/hq/lab/fsc/backissu ...

2004-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

230

Types of Lighting | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

selection. Types of lighting include: Fluorescent Incandescent Outdoor solar Light-emitting diode (LED) Also learn how energy-efficient lightbulbs compare to traditional...

231

Identify your property type | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

property type Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy...

232

GHZ-type and W-type entangled coherent states: generation and Bell-type inequality tests without photon counting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study GHZ-type and W-type three-mode entangled coherent states. Both the types of entangled coherent states violate Mermin's version of the Bell inequality with threshold photon detection (i.e., without photon counting). Such an experiment can be performed using linear optics elements and threshold detectors with significant Bell violations for GHZ-type entangled coherent states. However, to demonstrate Bell-type inequality violations for W-type entangled coherent states, additional nonlinear interactions are needed. We also propose an optical scheme to generate W-type entangled coherent states in free-traveling optical fields. The required resources for the generation are a single-photon source, a coherent state source, beam splitters, phase shifters, photodetectors, and Kerr nonlinearities. Our scheme does not necessarily require strong Kerr nonlinear interactions, i.e., weak nonlinearities can be used for the generation of the W-type entangled coherent states. Furthermore, it is also robust against inefficiencies of the single-photon source and the photon detectors.

Hyunseok Jeong; Nguyen Ba An

2006-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

233

Archived Reference Building Type: Outpatient health care  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

234

Archived Reference Building Type: Outpatient health care  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zonesis available for reference.Current versionsare also available.

235

Static typing for a faulty lambda calculus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A transient hardware fault occurs when an energetic particle strikes a transistor, causing it to change state. These faults do not cause permanent damage, but may result in incorrect program execution by altering signal transfers or stored values. ... Keywords: fault tolerance, lambda calculus, reliable computing, soft faults, transient hardware faults, type systems, typed intermediate languages

David Walker; Lester Mackey; Jay Ligatti; George A. Reis; David I. August

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

A type system for recursive modules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There has been much work in recent years on extending ML with recursive modules. One of the most difficult problems in the development of such an extension is the double vision problem, which concerns the interaction of recursion and data abstraction. ... Keywords: abstract data types, modules, recursion, type systems

Derek Dreyer

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Information-flow types for homomorphic encryptions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We develop a flexible information-flow type system for a range of encryption primitives, precisely reflecting their diverse functional and security features. Our rules enable encryption, blinding, homomorphic computation, and decryption, with selective ... Keywords: confidentiality, cryptography, integrity, non-interference, secure information flow, type systems

Cdric Fournet; Jrmy Planul; Tamara Rezk

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

The type discipline of behavioral separation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We introduce the concept of behavioral separation as a general principle for disciplining interference in higher-order imperative concurrent programs, and present a type-based approach that systematically develops the concept in the context of an ML-like ... Keywords: behavioral types, concurrency, higher order programming, interference, separation

Lus Caires; Joo C. Seco

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Office Buildings - Types of Office Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

PDF Office Buildings PDF Office Buildings Types of Office Buildings | Energy Consumption | End-Use Equipment Although no one building type dominates the commercial buildings sector, office buildings are the most common and account for more than 800,000 buildings or 17 percent of total commercial buildings. Offices comprised more than 12 billion square feet of floorspace, 17 percent of total commercial floorspace, the most of any building type. Types of Office Buildings The 2003 CBECS Detailed Tables present data for office buildings along with other principal building activities (see Detailed Tables B13 and B14, for example). Since office buildings comprise a wide range of office-related activities, survey respondents were presented with a follow-up list of specific office types to choose from. Although we have not presented the

240

CBECS Building Types | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CBECS Building Types CBECS Building Types Jump to: navigation, search The list below contains the Building Type classifications, also known as Principal Building Activity, established by the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) performed by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)[1]. Education Food Sales Food Service Health Care (Inpatient) Health Care (Outpatient) Lodging Mercantile (Enclosed and Strip Malls) Mercantile (Retail Other Than Mall) Office Other Public Assembly Public Order and Safety Religious Worship Service Vacant Warehouse and Storage References ↑ EIA CBECS Building Types U.S. Energy Information Administration (Oct 2008) Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=CBECS_Building_Types&oldid=270205" What links here Related changes

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lg chem type" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Property:DIA/Type | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DIA/Type DIA/Type Jump to: navigation, search Property Name DIA/Types Property Type String Description Development Impacts Assessment Toolkit property to help filter pages Used in Form/Template Tool Allows Values Case Studies;Online Tools;Reports;Spreadsheet;Software;Guidebook/Manual Subproperties This property has the following 1 subproperty: E Energy Forecasting Framework and Emissions Consensus Tool (EFFECT) Pages using the property "DIA/Type" Showing 15 pages using this property. A Alternative Fuel and Advanced Technology Vehicles Pilot Program Emissions Benefit Tool + Online Tools + Applied Dynamic Analysis of the Global Economy (ADAGE) Model + Software + C COMMUTER Model + Spreadsheet + E E3MG + Software + Electricity Markets Analysis (EMA) Model + Software +

242

Property:CompanyType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CompanyType CompanyType Jump to: navigation, search Property Name CompanyType Property Type String Description Describes whether the company is for profit or non profit. Allows Values For Profit;For profit;Non Profit;Non profit Subproperties This property has the following 4 subproperties: A Able Energy Co. C Canary Investments Ltd. H Hyperion Green Energy India Pvt. Ltd. P PowerIt Renewable Energy Pvt Ltd Pages using the property "CompanyType" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 4 4C Offshore Limited + For Profit + A AEE Renewables + For Profit + ALDACOR INC + For Profit + Ads-tec GmbH + For Profit + Advanced Energy Solutions + For Profit + All Solar, Inc. + For Profit + B Buffalo Software + For Profit + C Community Energy Inc + For Profit +

243

Job Types | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Types | National Nuclear Security Administration Types | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Job Types Home > Federal Employment > Our Jobs > Job Types Job Types NNSA's workforce is comprised of a diverse and dynamic blend of individuals. We are a staff of top-performing program and technical experts with unbounded potential, a dedication to public service and a commitment

244

Types of Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Types of Lighting Types of Lighting Types of Lighting October 17, 2013 - 5:36pm Addthis When it comes to lighting options, you have a number of choices. | Photo courtesy of Clean Energy Resource Teams. When it comes to lighting options, you have a number of choices. | Photo courtesy of Clean Energy Resource Teams. You have several options to consider when selecting what type of lighting you should use in your home. When selecting energy-efficient lighting, it's a good idea to understand basic lighting terms and principles. Also, it helps to explore your lighting design options if you haven't already. This will help narrow your selection. Types of lighting include: Fluorescent

245

Theoretical cosmic Type Ia supernova rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The aim of this work is the computation of the cosmic Type Ia supernova rates at very high redshifts (z>2). We adopt various progenitor models in order to predict the number of explosions in different scenarios for galaxy formation and to check whether it is possible to select the best delay time distribution model, on the basis of the available observations of Type Ia supernovae. We also computed the Type Ia supernova rate in typical elliptical galaxies of different initial luminous masses and the total amount of iron produced by Type Ia supernovae in each case. It emerges that: it is not easy to select the best delay time distribution scenario from the observational data and this is because the cosmic star formation rate dominates over the distribution function of the delay times; the monolithic collapse scenario predicts an increasing trend of the SN Ia rate at high redshifts whereas the predicted rate in the hierarchical scheme drops dramatically at high redshift; for the elliptical galaxies we note that the predicted maximum of the Type Ia supernova rate depends on the initial galactic mass. The maximum occurs earlier (at about 0.3 Gyr) in the most massive ellipticals, as a consequence of downsizing in star formation. We find that different delay time distributions predict different relations between the Type Ia supernova rate per unit mass at the present time and the color of the parent galaxies and that bluer ellipticals present higher supernova Type Ia rates at the present time.

R. Valiante; F. Matteucci; S. Recchi; F. Calura

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

246

Membrane-Associated Methane Monooygenase from Type X and Type I Methanotrophs  

SciTech Connect

Membrane-Associated Methane Monooxygenases from Type X and Type I Methanotrophs A.A. DiSirito and W.E. Antholine Project Number: DE-FG02-00ER15446 Final project report.

Antholine, William E.; DiSpirito, Alan A.

2009-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

247

On Type II Strings in Two Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider type IIA/B strings in two-dimensions and their projection with respect to the nilpotent space-time supercharge. Based on the ground ring structure, we propose a duality between perturbed type II strings and the topological B-model on deformed Calabi-Yau singularities. Depending on the type II spectra, one has either the conifold or the suspended pinch point geometry. Using the corresponding quiver gauge theory, obtained by D-branes wrapping in the resolved suspended pinch point geometry, we propose the all orders perturbative partition function.

Harald Ita; Harald Nieder; Yaron Oz

2005-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

248

Bianchi Type IX M-Branes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present new M2 and M5 brane solutions in M-theory based on transverse self-dual Bianchi type IX space. All the other recently M2 and M5 branes constructed on transverse self-dual Taub-NUT, Egughi-Hanson and Atiyah-Hitchin spaces are special cases of this solution. The solution provides a smooth transition from Eguchi-Hanson type I based M branes to corresponding branes based on Eguchi-Hanson type II space. All the solutions can be reduced down to ten dimensional fully localized intersecting brane configurations.

A. M. Ghezelbash

2006-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

249

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 6, 19, 2006 www.atmos-chem-phys.org/acp/6/1/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, parameter estimation techniques, and variational chemical data assimilation applications re- quire the development of efficient tools for the computational simulation of chemical kinetics systems. From a numerical 2.1 of KPP. These features allow an efficient simulation of chemical kinetic systems in Fortran90

Sandu, Adrian

250

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 6, 187195, 2006 www.atmos-chem-phys.org/acp/6/187/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, parameter estimation techniques, and variational chemical data assimilation applications re- quire the development of efficient tools for the computational simulation of chemical kinetics systems. From a numerical in the release 2.1 of KPP. These features allow an efficient simulation of chemical kinetic systems in For- tran

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

251

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 34253442, 2009 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/9/3425/2009/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to higher emissions of alkane precursors from the use of liquefied petroleum gas. Secondary formation-product of the photo-oxidation of volatile organic com- pounds (VOCs) in the presence of nitrogen oxides. Particu- late

Meskhidze, Nicholas

252

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 59115923, 2010 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/5911/2010/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

contributed 9­ 40%, 3­24%, and 1­5%, respectively, to reductions of am- bient NMHCs. Sources of liquefied.e., hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides (NOx) have been de- creasing, the level of surface O3 is still increasing

Meskhidze, Nicholas

253

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 22772285, 2007 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/7/2277/2007/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hydrocarbons in the presence of nitrogen dioxide (NO2), it is a direct measure of the peroxyacyl radical levels in the city due to controls on olefins in liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) and also due to the significant number

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

254

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 97139729, 2013 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/9713/2013/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and chemistry effects of a regional scale nuclear conflict A. Stenke1, C. R. Hoyle2,1, B. Luo1, E. Rozanov1,3, J- gionally limited nuclear war. These effects are caused by climatic, chemical and radiative changes of CCMs than previously used, to investigate the con- sequences of such a hypothetical nuclear conflict

Meskhidze, Nicholas

255

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 6, 28652887, 2006 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/6/2865/2006/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or di- rect time series inspection. The analysis of the time series has identified specific periods from the sur- face (e.g. Isra¨el et al., 1966; Ikebe and Shimo, 1972; Beck et al., 1979; Vinod Kumar et

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

256

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 37613782, 2012 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/12/3761/2012/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of water, and produces 5.4 MT of phosphogypsum as a by-product (Ayres and Ayres 1998). The process also

Meskhidze, Nicholas

257

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 48514859, 2011 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/11/4851/2011/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Stockholm, Sweden. Maximum CO2 and particle fluxes were found when the wind direction co- incided. But a wind speed dependence was noted for high wind speeds. Thus, for wind speeds larger than 9 m s-1) for individual vehicles including gaso- line/diesel light duty vehicles and heavy duty EFs (see e.g., Westerholm

Meskhidze, Nicholas

258

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 6, 211223, 2006 www.atmos-chem-phys.org/acp/6/211/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

metal source, ferrous metal source, gasoline vehi- cle, diesel vehicle, copper smelter and volcanic). The diesel vehicle source contributed the most in the ultra-fine size range (0.070.56 µm) and was responsible of the westerly wind latitude region of northeast Asia, many studies on the influence of long-range transport (LRT

Meskhidze, Nicholas

259

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 1005110064, 2012 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/12/10051/2012/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Stagnant atmospheric conditions limited wind ventilation while highly reflective snow cover reduced day/organic markers confirmed secondary NH4NO3 (27­ 37 %), residential wood combustion (RWC; 11­51 %), and diesel minor, but detectable contributors. RWC is a more important source than diesel for organic carbon (OC

Meskhidze, Nicholas

260

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 10171027, 2008 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/8/1017/2008/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the measured BC concentra- tions most were traffic, wind speed and mixing height. On weekdays, traffic had clearly the most important influence before the wind speed and on weekends the effect of wind speed heating, traffic and power plants. In traffic, especially diesel engines are known to emit BC (e.g. Wat

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lg chem type" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 1141511438, 2010 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/11415/2010/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

March 2006 University of Sheffield Mathematical Modelling of Biomass Pyrolysis andMathematical Modelling of Biomass Pyrolysis andMathematical Modelling of Biomass Pyrolysis andMathematical Modelling of Biomass Tube & Tar CrackingPyrolysis Tube & Tar Cracking Nitrogen Biomass feed Gases Tar Char Heated wall 500C

262

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 1123711252, 2011 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/11/11237/2011/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan 2University (ytakaha@hiroshima-u.ac.jp) 1 Introduction Iron (Fe) is an essential micronutrient and has been identi

Meskhidze, Nicholas

263

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 1151911531, 2012 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/12/11519/2012/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

suggest that NOx emissions could strongly regulate particle nucleation and growth in power- plant plumes-fired power-plant SO2 and NOx control technologies on aerosol nucleation in the source plumes C. R. Lonsdale1 ­ Accepted: 26 November 2012 ­ Published: 4 December 2012 Abstract. Nucleation in coal-fired power-plant

Meskhidze, Nicholas

264

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 4, 21072117, 2004 www.atmos-chem-phys.org/acp/4/2107/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of surfactant solution Effects of pressure as well as concentration of the surfactant on permeate flux concentration remains constant. 3.4.2. Effect of surfactant concentration Fig. 14 shows negligible influence enhanced ultrafiltration Gargi Ghosh, Prashant K. Bhattacharya Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

265

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 69316944, 2011 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/11/6931/2011/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(isoprene: NOx 1:3) in the absence of seed aerosol in a 5 m3 Teflon chamber surrounded by a bank of UV power of around 1600 at m/z 69.07 (protonated isoprene). Its response was calibrated with respect. The photooxidation time was 2 h, after which the SOA loading was 40 µg m-3. At that time, isoprene completely decayed

Nizkorodov, Sergey

266

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 26412659, 2012 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/12/2641/2012/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to diesel power plants on land, but their commercial installa- tions to ships have been scarce, multiengine setups, abate- ment methods and waves. We address in particular the mod- eling of the influence power, fuel consumption and the composition-resolved emissions of PM. We have also compared the annually

Meskhidze, Nicholas

267

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 21452159, 2011 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/11/2145/2011/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

metropolitan area, the extended areas of biomass burning around the north coast of the Black Sea, power plants Shadowband Radiometer at five wave- lengths. The daily average AOD at 500 nm is 0.23, and the mean °Angstr

Meskhidze, Nicholas

268

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 39493979, 2011 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/11/3949/2011/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-AQ: inference from synoptic-scale patterns K. Toyota1,2, J. C. McConnell1, A. Lupu1, L. Neary1,*, C. A. Mc the difference between the FY sea ice and the MY sea ice as a source of Correspondence to: K. Toyota (kenjiro.toyota

Meskhidze, Nicholas

269

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 23132343, 2012 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/12/2313/2012/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

also house pools for initial storage of spent fuel assemblies. In the boiling water reactor (BWR of height and time until 20 April, we made a first guess of release rates based on fuel inventories by orders of magnitude at the time when spraying of water on the spent- fuel pool of unit 4 started

Meskhidze, Nicholas

270

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 5, 22992310, 2005 www.atmos-chem-phys.org/acp/5/2299/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

during the episodes, and they probably originated from wildfires and/or from Esto- nian and Russian oil-shale

Meskhidze, Nicholas

271

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 16291643, 2007 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/7/1629/2007/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Atmosphere Community Climate Model (WACCM), is mod- ified to include supersaturation for the ice phase December 2006 Revised: 8 February 2007 ­ Accepted: 16 March 2007 ­ Published: 27 March 2007 Abstract. Ice. Rather than a study of a detailed parameterization of supersatura- tion, the study is intended

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

272

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 1098911003, 2013 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/10989/2013/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. With these parameterization methods we were able to describe the ice nucleation behavior of single INA macromolecules from called an ice nucleus (IN) lowers the energy barrier for the phase transi- tion from liquid water to ice ­ Published: 11 November 2013 Abstract. Birch pollen grains are known to be ice nucle- ating active biological

Meskhidze, Nicholas

273

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 79457961, 2010 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/7945/2010/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the parameterization of homogeneous ice nucleation in numerical models. 1 Introduction Cirrus clouds play a significant inverts water and ice aerosol size distributions re- trieved from experimental extinction spectra and the exchange of vapour-phase water along a well-defined temperature profile. Experiment and model results

Meskhidze, Nicholas

274

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 31113119, 2013 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/3111/2013/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and supersaturation is proposed to parameterize the results obtained in the present work. 1 Introduction Ice formation about -36C the only means for initiation of the ice phase in the atmosphere involves a foreign insolAccess Solid Earth OpenAccess The Cryosphere OpenAccess Measurements of natural deposition ice nuclei in C

Meskhidze, Nicholas

275

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 47094731, 2007 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/7/4709/2007/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to: M. C. Barth (barthm@ucar.edu) ice phase, the impact of cloud-modified photolysis rates parameterizations have been developed primarily on the basis of mass and heat fluxes. An intercomparison of several

276

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 1067910692, 2012 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/12/10679/2012/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and mixed-phase clouds to the ice nuclei spectra in McRAS-AC: single column model simulations R. Morales ­ Published: 16 November 2012 Abstract. The salient features of mixed-phase and ice clouds in a GCM cloud scheme are examined using the ice nucle- ation parameterizations of Liu and Penner (LP) and Barahona

Meskhidze, Nicholas

277

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 5, 533545, 2005 www.atmos-chem-phys.org/acp/5/533/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for background conditions, are cou- pled by means of a mixing parameterization based on tur- bulence theory. The model considers comprehensive gas phase chemistry for the tropopause region including acetone, ethane and aircraft-induced aerosols (liquid and ice) is con- sidered, using state-of-the-art solubility dependent

Meskhidze, Nicholas

278

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 15111543, 2010 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/1511/2010/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

273 K where mixed and ice phase clouds exist. Different parameterizations for impaction scavenging- enging parameterization for both cloud droplet-aerosol, and ice crystal-aerosol collisions. The aerosol the variability of scavenged fractions particularly for submicron size aerosols, and for mixed and ice phase

Meskhidze, Nicholas

279

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 40454063, 2012 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/12/4045/2012/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and modified the glaciation of mixed phase clouds. Our simulations show that during the dust events, ice crys treats particle microphysics and chemical composition. Sophisticated parameterizations for aerosol ac- tivation and ice nucleation, together with two-moment cloud microphysics are used to calculate

Meskhidze, Nicholas

280

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 36013614, 2010 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/3601/2010/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sulfate ((NH4)2SO4). Ice fractions at mixed-phase cloud temperatures ranging from 233.15 K to 239.15 K (±0, ice containing clouds, such as cirrus and mixed-phase clouds have an impact on Earth's radiative and parameterization D. Niedermeier1, S. Hartmann1, R. A. Shaw1,2, D. Covert3, T. F. Mentel4, J. Schneider5, L. Poulain

Meskhidze, Nicholas

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lg chem type" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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281

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 49634982, 2013 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/4963/2013/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Access Solid Earth OpenAccess The Cryosphere OpenAccess Evaluating and constraining ice cloud parameterizations are performed with two different ice nucleation schemes for pure ice-phase clouds. One of the schemes can of perturbing these parameters is also dis- cussed. 1 Introduction Microphysical processes in ice- and mixed-phase

Meskhidze, Nicholas

282

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 28532861, 2011 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/11/2853/2011/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The implications of surface nucleation for the parameterization of homogeneous ice nucleation in numerical models.8 and 236.2 K were derived using a microphysical model and aerosol phase compositions and size distributions. This is interpreted in terms of a lowered free energy of ice germ formation in the surface-based process

Meskhidze, Nicholas

283

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 761772, 2013 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/761/2013/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and 2001/80/EC), emission limits for engines used in non-road mobile machinery (Direc- tive 97/68/EC for decades. Engine-out NOx emissions con- sist mainly of NO (90­95%). NO is primarily formed by two to be consumed only in cars, or in other internal combustion engines. It was also assumed that gas oils must have

Meskhidze, Nicholas

284

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 53375350, 2013 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/5337/2013/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transporter, without after-treatment, idle conditions 13d 31/08/2009 cold idle 60 to 130 nm 0.11 14d 02 particle-associated organics (Robinson et al., 2007). The mass of PM emitted by diesel engines with no aftertreatment devices can decrease with in- creasing dilution ratio. This mass reduction is associated with semi

Meskhidze, Nicholas

285

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 1177711791, 2011 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/11/11777/2011/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

significantly depending on the engines and aftertreatment technology. In addition, HOA was resolved with O and Pollution Control, College of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Peking University, Beijing, China (#1), fatty hamburger (#2), salmon, diesel and gasoline engines, and plastic burning from Mohr et al

Meskhidze, Nicholas

286

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 1206712084, 2011 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/11/12067/2011/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-road vehicles in China H. Cai and S. D. Xie College of Environmental Science and Engineering, State Key Joint of speciated vehicular NMVOC groups included speed-dependent hot emissions under thermally stabilized engine and exhaust aftertreatment conditions, the warming- up phase of cold start emissions influenced by ambient tem

Meskhidze, Nicholas

287

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 15031520, 2009 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/9/1503/2009/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the emissions of both engine load and the sulphur content of the fuel. The presented method- ology can be used. We have evaluated the performance of the extended model against available experimental data on engine to low sulphur fuel. The emis- sions of PM can also be reduced by using after-treatment techniques, which

Meskhidze, Nicholas

288

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 93759394, 2011 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/11/9375/2011/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China 2Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research, Leipzig Research, University of Iowa, IA 52242, USA *now at: EWRE Division, Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai 600036, India **now at: Department of Chemical Engineering

Meskhidze, Nicholas

289

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 1306113143, 2011 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/11/13061/2011/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of these sources, such as diesel engines and possibly residential biofuels, warming is strong enough described as diesel engines, industry, residential solid fuel and open burning. The largest global sources and African emissions, while on-road and non-road diesel engines are about 70% of emissions in Europe, North

Daniel, Rosenfeld

290

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 41354147, 2011 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/11/4135/2011/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.U.M. Engineering). Emissions were sampled from two different vehicles, a EURO 2 Volkswagen Transporter TDI Syncro

Meskhidze, Nicholas

291

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 1153511543, 2010 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/11535/2010/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Unit, 21027 Ispra (VA), Italy *now at: Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering (Euro 2) 1 Low engine load Xenon/BLc 10 15.1 0.48 29 2 Low engine load Xenon/BLd 5 74 0.54 31 -pinene 1 factors in ambient data using the multi- linear engine (ME-2) as was shown to be successful for pri- mary

Meskhidze, Nicholas

292

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 47294739, 2008 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/8/4729/2008/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BIBLIOGRAPHY ON INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES 1. F. Obert, Internal Combustion Engines and Air Pollution, Intext Educational Publishers, 1973 edition. (A good basic text on engines from the 1950s, The Internal Combustion Engine, International Textbook Company, 1961. (A basic text now out of print

Meskhidze, Nicholas

293

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 6, 24112421, 2006 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/6/2411/2006/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

significantly depending on the engines and aftertreatment technology. In addition, HOA was resolved with O and Pollution Control, College of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Peking University, Beijing, China (#1), fatty hamburger (#2), salmon, diesel and gasoline engines, and plastic burning from Mohr et al

Meskhidze, Nicholas

294

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 1154511563, 2010 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/11545/2010/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Technological Options 2.1 Engine Optimization, Process Modification, and After-Treatment Technologies Engine oxides are produced in high temperature combustion in ship engines and act as precursors to tropospheric-17]. Engine Optimization (EOP) involves in-engine control (e.g. combustion time, compression ratio, valve

Meskhidze, Nicholas

295

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 96159630, 2010 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/9615/2010/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of 12­44 % in fresh emissions from in- use diesel engines in a chamber (Chirico et al., 2010). Tunnel

Meskhidze, Nicholas

296

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 21892203, 2012 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/12/2189/2012/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-ignition engines to hydrogen for fuel cells (See Figure 11) (Watson, 2005). In addition to the air quality sophisticated exhaust gas after-treatment technology and improvements in fuel quality, associated with large

Meskhidze, Nicholas

297

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 25972606, 2009 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/9/2597/2009/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Chemistry, Atmospheric science, University of G¨oteborg, 412 96 G¨oteborg, Sweden 2Institute of Nuclear their citi- zens. The control is achieved through the provision and im- plementation of air quality standards that are stipulated for the European Union (European Union, 1999) are hard to follow in many large cities (Baldasano

Meskhidze, Nicholas

298

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 20032012, 2007 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/7/2003/2007/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

consequences of regional nuclear conflicts A. Robock1, L. Oman1, G. L. Stenchikov1, O. B. Toon2, C. Bardeen2 model and new esti- mates of smoke generated by fires in contemporary cities to calculate the response of the climate system to a regional nu- clear war between emerging third world nuclear powers us- ing 100

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

299

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 19251945, 2007 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/7/1925/2007/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

air sampler (HVAS; model GL 2000H) equipped with a four-stage cascade impactor and a backup glass.4 cm backup fiber glass filter to collect the smallest particles. The HVAS was situated on a platform until the start date of the following sample. The concentration data obtained from the HVAS could

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

300

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 64036419, 2013 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/6403/2013/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) using a high-volume air sampler (HVAS) which has been used during previous cam- paigns and has been). The efficient collection of both particulate and gaseous nitrate on glass fibre filters using the DC HVAS system can be as low as 1 ngm-3). Filters were then removed from the HVAS and placed into clean 50 cm3

Meskhidze, Nicholas

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lg chem type" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 1132311336, 2010 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/11323/2010/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

collected using a High Volume Air Sampler (HVAS, model 3800 AFC: HI-Q Environmental Products Company, USA). The air flow in HVAS was maintained at 40 SCFM (Standard Cubic Feet per Minute) by an automatic air flow

Meskhidze, Nicholas

302

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 78897899, 2009 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/9/7889/2009/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

im- portant anthropogenic greenhouse gas in our atmosphere, large uncertainties still exist- ture, livestock, landfills, waste treatment, biomass burning, and fossil fuel combustion). About 60 atmo- sphere. The SCIAMACHY instrument onboard ENVISAT, operating in the UV, visible and near infrared

Meskhidze, Nicholas

303

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 1190511919, 2010 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/11905/2010/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and 4 economic sectors (thermal power, indus- try, residential use, and others) are evaluated in 2005 at a resolution of 1 ? 1 is also plotted. It shows that the calculated national total atmospheric be mainly attributed to the increasing use of wet flue gas desulfurization (WFGD) in power plants, thus

Meskhidze, Nicholas

304

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 76197636, 2008 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/8/7619/2008/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. This observation is consistent with low or negative net peroxide production rates calculated for the source region (nearly 4 million ve- hicles), residential cooking and heating, and various indus- tries providing ample- acterization of aerosols, as well as trace gas precursors of aerosols, and photochemistry. The DOE G-1 aircraft

305

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 88338855, 2013 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/8833/2013/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of gas flaring and residential combustion emissions A. Stohl1, Z. Klimont2, S. Eckhardt1, K. Kupiainen2 in this paper). We have calculated daily residential combustion emissions using the heating degree day (HDD that us- ing daily-varying residential combustion emissions and in- troducing gas flaring emissions leads

Meskhidze, Nicholas

306

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 13571376, 2013 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/1357/2013/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

exploration drillings financed by the Mexican oil company PEMEX. In 1981, Glen Penfield used the PEMEX data

Meskhidze, Nicholas

307

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 24472473, 2007 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/7/2447/2007/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, National University of Mexico (UNAM), 14000, Mexico City, Mexico E-mail: fsamaniegov@pep.pemex.com Peter

Meskhidze, Nicholas

308

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 30933105, 2008 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/8/3093/2008/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

mediante convenios con entidades gubernamentales (CFE, PEMEX, SMN, INECC, SEMARNAT...) 16.Captación y marea de tormenta para PEMEX, SMN · Estudio de la dispersión de petróleo en el Golfo de México por el

Meskhidze, Nicholas

309

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 63516361, 2009 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/9/6351/2009/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are basically associated with exploration, exploitation, refining and petrochemical opera- tions of PEMEX investigation to differ- ent flaring activities of PEMEX. 1.1 Tula region The city of Tula is located; however, in the model it was set to an available composition based on information provided by PEMEX. Mass

Meskhidze, Nicholas

310

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 53715389, 2010 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/5371/2010/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/16 3/17 3/18 3/19 3/20 3/21 3/22 Toluene(ppbv) 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 COMEX DOAS PTR-MS PEMEX DOAS the intercomparison of toluene measurements between the PTR-MS and two ground level DOAS light paths, T0-PEMEX and T0-COMEX, where PEMEX is 220 m to the west northwest of the T0 site and COMEX is 1026 m to the northwest

Meskhidze, Nicholas

311

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 5, 30333043, 2005 www.atmos-chem-phys.org/acp/5/3033/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

contained a maximum of 500 to 1000 ppm and average of 100 to 650 ppm of sulfur depending on grade (PEMEX, Science, 186, 259­261, 1974. PEMEX: Calidad de Combustibles, 2003. Penner, J. E., Dong, X., and Chen, Y

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

312

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 675688, 2011 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/11/675/2011/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from a monitoring station placed on a cruise ship that follows a regular track in the West- ern that changes the radiative balance of the Earth's surface and contributes to climate change; it ranks with harmful ef- fects on plants, animals and humans. Although emissions of ozone precursor gases decreased

Meskhidze, Nicholas

313

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 1214912167, 2011 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/11/12149/2011/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

deteriorating human health in highly-populated industrial areas but also compli- cating the radiation balance)/Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI), Along Track Scanning Radiometer (ATSR), Multi-angle Imaging Spectro- Radiometer and their impact on radiative forcing to sup- port the evolution of environmental policy, it is necessary

Meskhidze, Nicholas

314

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 37713781, 2007 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/7/3771/2007/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of homogeneous and heterogeneous freez- ing processes, ice particle growth and fallout, and mesoscale vertical, and the initial increased (see Eq. 1). 2) As Reff decreased, fallout timescales (fallout [s]) and cloud lifetimes

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

315

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 567582, 2011 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/11/567/2011/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ecology Research site established in 1989 in Petersham, MA. Harvard Forest (4232 N, 7211 W, elevation 340

316

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 1183311856, 2012 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/12/11833/2012/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Laboratory, P.O. Box 999 Richland WA 99352, USA 3Asia Center for Air Pollution Research, 1182 Sowa, Nishi, the Regional Air Quality Model 2 (RAQM2), was developed to simulate the Asian air quality. We implemented a sim), soot-free particles in the accumulation mode (ACM), soot aggregates (AGR), and particles in the coarse

Meskhidze, Nicholas

317

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 45874610, 2011 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/11/4587/2011/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and O. B. Toon Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic is the so-called "roaring for- ties" around 40 S. Observations show that the large surface area

Meskhidze, Nicholas

318

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 11711181, 2010 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/1171/2010/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

combustion flame temperature and hence a reduction of NOx. However, the combined effect of reducing charge/diesel operation, while Papagiannakis et al. [17] report a reduction in NOx with a CH4/diesel operation case with 0.5 moles of n-heptane and 0.78 moles of CH4 results in less reduction of NOx concentration

Dabdub, Donald

319

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 5, 18151834, 2005 www.atmos-chem-phys.org/acp/5/1815/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Selective Non-Catalytic Reduction Process to provide a combined NOx reduction of approximately 70% while Selective Non-Catalytic Reduction (SNCR) system to provide a combined NOx reduction of approximately 70 The NOxOUT® Process is a post-combustion NOx reduction method that reduces NOx through a controlled

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

320

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 54515472, 2013 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/5451/2013/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, almost all of the commercially available biofuels are produced from either starch- or sugar- rich crops (for bioethanol), or oilseeds (for biodiesel). Recent research has found that these bioenergy sources number of energy conversion technologies Figure 1. Information flow within the modelling framework

Meskhidze, Nicholas

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lg chem type" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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321

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 31973207, 2009 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/9/3197/2009/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hydrocarbons i-butane (7.87 µg.m-2 s-1), i- pentane (3.61 µg.m-2 s-1) and n-butane (3.23 µg.m-2 s-1

Meskhidze, Nicholas

322

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 6, 32813288, 2006 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/6/3281/2006/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

comprised mainly of n-butane, propane and i-butane. Traffic samples indicated that evaporative loss of propane, i-butane, and n- butane increased between 2001 to 2003, consistent with the Correspondence to: L. Y. Chan (celychan@polyu.edu.hk) 40% increase in LPG fueled vehicles. Propane to butanes ra- tios

Meskhidze, Nicholas

323

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 39013914, 2010 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/3901/2010/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the construction and testing of a com- pact and power efficient light emitting diode based broad- band Cavity ­ measure any gas detectable by DOAS. We will discuss the advantages of using a light emitting diode (LED

Meskhidze, Nicholas

324

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 5, 493503, 2005 www.atmos-chem-phys.org/acp/5/493/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

photochemistry studies under the influence of nat- ural sunlight. Because the internal radiation field by internal reflections within the cham- ber. Taking into account the uncertainty of the actinometric j(NO2 are then deter- mined from the increase of NO concentration as a function of exposure time. The complex

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

325

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 45574576, 2011 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/11/4557/2011/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-4557-2011 © Author(s) 2011. CC Attribution 3.0 License. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Modeling the Frozen- acterized by low potential vorticity (PV) and high nitrous ox- ide (N2O), was advected poleward and became) chemistry and transport model, the GEOS-5/MERRA Replay model, and the Van Leer Icosahe- dral Triangular

Meskhidze, Nicholas

326

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 1125311266, 2011 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/11/11253/2011/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(CBmg3- ) Mt. Cabinet, MT (48.0o N,115.7o W,1.44 km) (i) Jan Mar May Jul Sep Nov 2006 Time Lava Beds, CA (41.7o N, 121.5o W, 1.46 km) (j) Jan Mar May Jul Sep Nov 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 Time (CBmg3- ) Flathead

Liou, K. N.

327

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 1091910932, 2013 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/10919/2013/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

worldwide for the pro- duction of electricity with usage rates ranging from 45 % in the United States with lower com- bustion efficiency may still produce a significant amount of carbonaceous aerosol, including with lower molecular weights, referred to as "tar", are released into the gas phase due to their higher

Meskhidze, Nicholas

328

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 60876096, 2010 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/6087/2010/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by semi-arid/arid climate, intensive usage of coal and relatively lower level of economic development) became lower with an increases in the mass ratios of NH+ 4 /PM10 and NO- 3 /PM10, which is possibly electricity. A substantial fraction of the remaining is used for domestic heating and cooking. The latter

Meskhidze, Nicholas

329

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 33753392, 2011 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/11/3375/2011/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for sustainable development) of 2004: Perspektiven der Kohle in einer nachhaltigen Energiewirtschaft [perspective

Sheldon, Nathan D.

330

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 8390, 2008 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/8/83/2008/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lower emis- sions on Saturday and Sunday (Th. Pregger, Institut f¨ur Energiewirtschaft und Rationelle

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

331

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 50475064, 2010 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/5047/2010/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fraction of the aerosol. The hygroscopi- city of the oxygenated fraction of the organic component that the unoxygenated component of the aerosol, with a mole ratio of atomic oxygen to atomic carbon (O/C) 0

Meskhidze, Nicholas

332

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 35073518, 2007 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/7/3507/2007/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2p, Vma4p, Vma7p, or Vma8p V1 subunits fail to assemble this complex, although large, intermediate-sized 0.5 at 600 nm, induced with isopro- pyl-1-thio- -D-galactopyranoside for 3 h, and harvested maximal transmission. RESULTS Negative-Dominant (Recessive) Mutations That Induce Growth at pH 7.5 in V

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

333

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 70817096, 2011 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/11/7081/2011/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

aircraft, which sampled plumes from the New York City area dur- ing the ICARTT campaign in 2004 and photochemistry of oxygenated VOCs in urban plumes in the Northeastern United States R. Sommariva1,2,*, J. A. de States have been studied using a highly detailed chemical model, based upon the Master Chemical Mechanism

Meskhidze, Nicholas

334

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 23992421, 2011 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/11/2399/2011/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Montana, USA 9Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York, USA *now at: NASA Langley Research Center, Massachusetts, USA 7Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, USA 8Montana State University, Bozeman propane gas (LPG) emissions during the night and photochemical processing during the afternoon. Emission

335

Prospective Type Ia supernova surveys from Dome A  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Prospective Type Ia Supernova Surveys From Dome A A. Kim a ,are conducive toward Type Ia supernova surveys forheterogeneities within the Type Ia supernova class, reducing

Kim, A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Category:NEPA Environmental Analysis Types | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Environmental Analysis Types Jump to: navigation, search Category:NEPA Environmental Analysis Types Geothermalpower.jpg Looking for the NEPA Environmental Analysis Types page? For...

337

Property:Available Personnel Types | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Personnel Types Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Available Personnel Types Property Type Text Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleProperty:AvailablePer...

338

Category:Financial Incentives Incentive Types | Open Energy Informatio...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Financial Incentives Incentive Types Jump to: navigation, search Financial Incentive Types. Pages in category "Financial Incentives Incentive Types" The following 14 pages are in...

339

Category:CBECS Building Types | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CBECS Building Types Jump to: navigation, search This category uses the form CBECS Building Type. Pages in category "CBECS Building Types" The following 16 pages are in this...

340

Property:FacilityType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FacilityType FacilityType Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Page. Pages using the property "FacilityType" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 3 3-D Metals + Small Scale Wind + A AB Tehachapi Wind Farm + Commercial Scale Wind + AFCEE MMR Turbines + Commercial Scale Wind + AG Land 1 + Community Wind + AG Land 2 + Community Wind + AG Land 3 + Community Wind + AG Land 4 + Community Wind + AG Land 5 + Community Wind + AG Land 6 + Community Wind + AV Solar Ranch I Solar Power Plant + Photovoltaics + AVTEC + Small Scale Wind + Acme Landfill Biomass Facility + Landfill Gas + Adair Wind Farm I + Commercial Scale Wind + Adair Wind Farm II + Commercial Scale Wind + Adams Wind Project + Commercial Scale Wind + Adrian Energy Associates LLC Biomass Facility + Landfill Gas +

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lg chem type" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Lighting Control Types | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting Control Types Lighting Control Types Lighting Control Types October 7, 2013 - 11:27am Addthis Characteristics of the most common lighting controls for offices and other public buildings are outlined below. Also provided is a portable document format version of How to Select Lighting Controls for Offices and Public Buildings. Typical Lighting Control Applications Type of Control Private Office Open Office - Daylit Open Office - Interior Occupancy Sensors ++ ++ ++ Time Scheduling + ++ ++ Daylight Dimming ++ ++ 0 Bi-Level Switching ++ + + Demand Lighting + ++ ++ ++ = good savings potential + = some savings potential 0 = not applicable Back to Top Occupancy Sensors Occupancy sensors are the most common lighting control used in buildings today. Two technologies dominate: infrared and ultrasonic. Infrared sensors

342

Why Sequence Type I and II Methanotrophs?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Type I and II Methanotrophs? Type I and II Methanotrophs? Methanotrophic bacteria are absolutely vital for the global carbon cycle and to carbon sequestration, as they constitute the largest known biological methane sink. Methanotrophs are also central to the bioremediation and biofuel development goals of the DOE. To date, only two methanotrophic bacteria have undergone complete genome sequencing, and only one sequence is available to the public. Methanotrophs are distinguished from other microorganisms by their ability to utilize methane as a sole carbon and energy source, yet they are physiologically and phylogenetically diverse, affiliating with both Gammaproteobacteria (type I methanotrophs) and Alphaproteobacteria (type II methanotrophs). Methanotrophs are ubiquitous and play a major role in the

343

Property:Technology Type | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Technology Type Technology Type Property Type Text Pages using the property "Technology Type" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) M MHK Technologies/14 MW OTECPOWER + OTEC - Closed Cycle MHK Technologies/Aegir Dynamo + Point Absorber - Floating MHK Technologies/Anaconda bulge tube drives turbine + Oscillating Wave Surge Converter MHK Technologies/AquaBuoy + Point Absorber MHK Technologies/Aquanator + Cross Flow Turbine MHK Technologies/Aquantis + Axial Flow Turbine MHK Technologies/Archimedes Wave Swing + Point Absorber MHK Technologies/Atlantis AN 150 + Axial Flow Turbine MHK Technologies/Atlantis AR 1000 + Axial Flow Turbine MHK Technologies/Atlantis AS 400 + Axial Flow Turbine MHK Technologies/Atlantisstrom + Cross Flow Turbine MHK Technologies/BOLT Lifesaver + Oscillating Wave Surge Converter

344

Markov's Principle for Propositional Type Theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we show how to extend a constructive type theory with a principle that captures the spirit of Markov's principle from constructive recursive mathematics. Markov's principle is especially useful for proving termination of specific computations. ...

Alexei Kopylov; Aleksey Nogin

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Appendix A National Type Evaluation Technical Committee ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... deemed necessary to evaluate a belt profiling feature in ... a 10:1 ratio based on the size, loading and speed ... Similar or the same type of load cell or ...

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

346

Simultaneous Occurrence of Different Cloud Types  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud observations from land stations and from ships in the ocean are used to investigate the frequency of observation and the co-occurrence of different cloud types, and the geographical and seasonal variations of these co-occurrences. Ground-...

Stephen G. Warren; Carole J. Hahn; Julius London

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Radiative Effects of Cloud-Type Variations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radiative flux changes induced by the occurrence of different cloud types are investigated using International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project cloud data and a refined radiative transfer model from National Aeronautics and Space ...

Ting Chen; William B. Rossow; Yuanchong Zhang

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Contractor: Contract Number: Contract Type: Total Estimated  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Number: Contract Type: Total Estimated Contract Cost: Performance Period Total Fee Earned FY2008 2,550,203 FY2009 39,646,446 FY2010 64,874,187 FY2011 66,253,207 FY2012...

349

Vehicle Specifications Battery Type: Li-Ion  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 All-Electric Conversion of the USPS Long Life Vehicle (LLV) Vehicle Specifications Battery Type: Li-Ion Pack Locations: Underbody (inboard of frame rails) Nominal System Voltage:...

350

Estimating Cloud Type from Pyranometer Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the authors evaluate an inexpensive and automatable method to estimate cloud type at a given location during daylight hours using the time series of irradiance from a pyranometer. The motivation for this investigation is to provide ...

Claude E. Duchon; Mark S. OMalley

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

User Participation, Management Support and System Types  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper explores user participation in the systems development process and examines this variable in relation to the type of system under development. Prior user participation research has not shown conclusive support for its impact on system success. ...

Edward J. Garrity

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Types of Insulation | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Insulation Types of Insulation May 30, 2012 - 11:43am Addthis In existing homes, cellulose (here) or other loose-fill materials can be installed in building cavities through holes...

353

Property:Study Type | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Type Type Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Page. Pages using the property "Study Type" Showing 22 pages using this property. D Distributed Generation Study/10 West 66th Street Corp + Long-term Monitoring + Distributed Generation Study/615 kW Waukesha Packaged System + Laboratory Test + Distributed Generation Study/Aisin Seiki G60 at Hooligans Bar and Grille + Field Test + Distributed Generation Study/Arrow Linen + Long-term Monitoring + Distributed Generation Study/Dakota Station (Minnegasco) + Case Study + Distributed Generation Study/Elgin Community College + Case Study + Distributed Generation Study/Emerling Farm + Long-term Monitoring + Distributed Generation Study/Floyd Bennett + Long-term Monitoring + Distributed Generation Study/Harbec Plastics + Long-term Monitoring +

354

Algebraic Characterizations of Flow-Network Typings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A flow network N is a capacited finite directed graph, with multiple input ports/arcs and multiple output ports/arcs. A flow f in N assigns a non-negative real number to every arc and is feasible if it satisfies flow conservation at every node and respects lower-bound/upper-bound capacities at every arc. We develop an algebraic theory of feasible flows in such networks with several beneficial consequences. We define algorithms to infer, from a given flow network N, an algebraic classification, which we call a typing for N, of all assignments f0 of values to the input and output arcs of N that can be extended to a feasible flow f. We then establish necessary and sufficient conditions on an arbitrary typing T guaranteeing that T is a valid typing for some flow network N. Based on these necessary and sufficient conditions, we define operations on typings that preserve their validity (to be typings for flow networks), and examine the implications for a typing theory of flow networks.

Assaf Kfoury

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

What type of vehicle do people drive? The role of attitude and lifestyle in influencing vehicle type choice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on revealed and stated vehicle type choice and utilizationA disaggregate model of auto-type choice. Transportationforecasting automobile type-choice. Transportation Research

Choo, Sangho; Mokhtarian, Patricia L.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

What type of vehicle do people drive? The role of attitude and lifestyle in influencing vehicle type choice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Relationship of Vehicle Type Choice to Personality,on revealed and stated vehicle type choice and utilizationA disaggregate model of auto-type choice. Transportation

Choo, S; Mokhtarian, Patricia L

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Twisted Dedekind Type Sums Associated with Barnes' Type Multiple Frobenius-Euler l-Functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The aim of this paper is to construct new Dedekind type sums. We construct generating functions of Barnes' type multiple Frobenius-Euler numbers and polynomials. By applying Mellin transformation to these functions, we define Barnes' type multiple l-functions, which interpolate Frobenius-Euler numbers at negative integers. By using generalizations of the Frobenius-Euler functions, we define generalized Dedekind type sums and prove corresponding reciprocity law. We also give twisted versions of the Frobenius-Euler polynomials and new Dedekind type sums and corresponding reciprocity law. Furthermore, by using p-adic q-Volkenborn integral and twisted (h,q)-Bernoulli functions, we construct p-adic (h,q)-higher order Dedekind type sums. By using relation between Bernoulli and Frobenius-Euler functions, we also define analogues of Hardy-Berndt type sums. We give some new relations related to to these sums as well.

Mehmet Cenkci; Yilmaz Simsek; Mumun Can; Veli Kurt

2007-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

358

Property:File/MimeType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MimeType Jump to: navigation, search Property Name FileMimeType Property Type String Description MIME Type of the original file. Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

359

MEMORANDUM TO: FILE TYPE OF OPERATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

TYPE OF OPERATION TYPE OF OPERATION _--__---~~--~---~ a Research & Development cl Facility Type 0 Production scale testing 0 Pilot Scale 0 Bench Scale Process 0 Theoretical Studies a Sample SC Analysis 0 Hanuf actuiing 0 University a Research Organization 0 Government Sponsored Facility 0 Other ~---~~--_--_~-___--~ 0 Production 0 Disposal/Storage IYPLPEs!b!Iw!EI 0 Prime a 0 Subcontract& Other information (i.e., cost + fixed fee. unit price, *! Purchase Order time & material, qtc) _------ -------------42-----__--_---- ContFact/Purchase Order # ud IdlijL1\^IIJ ---------------------------- --------------------------------- OWNERSHIP: GOUT GOVT CONTRACTOR -CONTRACTOR awED LE_ASED OWNED ---------- ~-~LE!sEn LANDS BUILDINGS EQUIPMENT ORE OR RAW MATL 0 FINAL PRODUCT 0

360

Vehicle Specifications Battery Type: Li-Ion  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Under hood above powertrain Under hood above powertrain Nominal System Voltage: 333 V Rated Capacity (C/3): 40 Ah Cooling Method: Glycol / Water mix Powertrain Motor Type: DC Brushless Number of Motors: One Motor Cooling Type: Glycol / Water mix Drive Wheels: Rear Wheel Drive Transmission: None (gear ratio only in rear axle) Charger Location: Underhood Charger Port: Driver's side, front quarter panel Type: Conductive (J1772 connector) Input Voltage(s): 120 or 240 VAC Chassis Aluminum Body on Steel Frame Rear Suspension: Solid Axle with Leaf Springs Front Suspension: Dual A-arm with Coil Springs Weights Design Curb Weight: 3250 lbs Delivered Curb Weight: 3310 lbs 7 Distribution F/R: 55.2/44.8% GVWR: 4450 lbs Max Payload: 940 lbs + 200 lbs driver 1 Performance Goal Payload: 1000 lbs + 200 lbs driver

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lg chem type" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Carbon Monoxide in type II supernovae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Infrared spectra of two type II supernovae 6 months after explosion are presented. The spectra exhibit a strong similarity to the observations of SN 1987A and other type II SNe at comparable epochs. The continuum can be fitted with a cool black body and the hydrogen lines have emissivities that are approximately those of a Case B recombination spectrum. The data extend far enough into the thermal region to detect emission by the first overtone of carbon monoxide. The molecular emission is modeled and compared with that in the spectra of SN 1987A. It is found that the flux in the CO first overtone is comparable to that found in SN 1987A. We argue that Carbon Monoxide forms in the ejecta of all type II SNe during the first year after explosion.

J. Spyromilio; B. Leibundgut; R. Gilmozzi

2001-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

362

Type II seesaw dominance in SO(10)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Grand unified theories where the neutrino mass is given by type II seesaw have the potential to provide interesting connections between the neutrino and charged fermion sectors. We explore the possibility of having a dominant type II seesaw contribution in supersymmetric SO(10). We show that this can be achieved in the model where symmetry breaking is triggered by 54 and 45 dimensional representations, without the need for additional fields other than those already required to have a realistic charged fermion mass spectrum. Physical consequences, such as the implementation of the Bajc, Senjanovic, and Vissani mechanism, the possibility of the fields responsible for type II seesaw dominance being messengers of supersymmetry breaking, and the realization of baryo and leptogenesis in these theories, are discussed.

Melfo, Alejandra; Ramirez, Alba [Centro de Fisica Fundamental, Universidad de Los Andes, Merida (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of); Senjanovic, Goran [International Centre for Theoretical Physics, 34100 Trieste (Italy)

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

MULTIPLICITY AMONG F-TYPE STARS  

SciTech Connect

As part of a homogeneous all-sky volume-complete sample of half a thousand solar-type stars within 25 pc we present a census for the subset of the 150-mostly F-type stars-in the mass range 1.1 M{sub Sun} {<=} M {<=} 1.7 M{sub Sun} in terms of their observed multiplicities. The major obstacle, as expected, arises from the onset of stellar rotation in this mass range for it continues to support many hidden companions. Yet, a solid increase of the fraction of binary and higher level systems as a function of the primary mass is manifest. There is even the prospect that on account of many companion candidates the single-star fraction may already converge to zero at the transition to the A-type stars.

Fuhrmann, K.; Chini, R., E-mail: klaus@ing.iac.es [Astronomisches Institut, Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum, Universitaetsstrasse 150, D-44801 Bochum (Germany)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

364

Types of Insulation | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Types of Insulation Types of Insulation Types of Insulation May 30, 2012 - 11:43am Addthis In existing homes, cellulose (here) or other loose-fill materials can be installed in building cavities through holes drilled (usually) on the exterior of the house. After the installation, the holes are plugged and finish materials replaced. | Photo courtesy of Cellulose Insulation Manufacturers Association. In existing homes, cellulose (here) or other loose-fill materials can be installed in building cavities through holes drilled (usually) on the exterior of the house. After the installation, the holes are plugged and finish materials replaced. | Photo courtesy of Cellulose Insulation Manufacturers Association. Icynene plastic insulation blown into the walls of a home near Denver. Icynene fills cracks and crevices and adheres to the framing. | Photo courtesy of Paul Norton, NREL.

365

Transformations of $W$-Type Entangled States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The transformations of $W$-type entangled states by using local operations assisted with classical communication are investigated. For this purpose, a parametrization of the $W$-type states which remains invariant under local unitary transformations is proposed and a complete characterization of the local operations carried out by a single party is given. These are used for deriving the necessary and sufficient conditions for deterministic transformations. A convenient upper bound for the maximum probability of distillation of arbitrary target states is also found.

S. K?nta?; S. Turgut

2010-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

366

Water vapor retrieval over many surface types  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we present a study of of the water vapor retrieval for many natural surface types which would be valuable for multi-spectral instruments using the existing Continuum Interpolated Band Ratio (CIBR) for the 940 nm water vapor absorption feature. An atmospheric code (6S) and 562 spectra were used to compute the top of the atmosphere radiance near the 940 nm water vapor absorption feature in steps of 2.5 nm as a function of precipitable water (PW). We derive a novel technique called ``Atmospheric Pre-corrected Differential Absorption`` (APDA) and show that APDA performs better than the CIBR over many surface types.

Borel, C.C.; Clodius, W.C.; Johnson, J.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Fiber-type dosimeter with improved illuminator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A single-piece, molded plastic, Cassigrainian-type condenser arrangement is incorporated in a tubular-shaped personal pocket dosimeter of the type which combines an ionization chamber with an optically-read fiber electrometer to provide improved illumination of the electrometer fiber. The condenser routes incoming light from one end of the dosimeter tubular housing around a central axis charging pin assembly and focuses the light at low angles to the axis so that it falls within the acceptance angle of the electrometer fiber objective lens viewed through an eyepiece lens disposed in the opposite end of the dosimeter. This results in improved fiber illumination and fiber image contrast.

Fox, Richard J. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Fiber-type dosimeter with improved illuminator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A single-piece, molded plastic, Cassigrainian-type condenser arrangement is incorporated in a tubular-shaped personal pocket dosimeter of the type which combines an ionization chamber with an optically-read fiber electrometer to provide improved illumination of the electrometer fiber. The condenser routes incoming light from one end of the dosimeter tubular housing around a central axis charging pin assembly and focuses the light at low angles to the axis so that it falls within the acceptance angle of the electrometer fiber objective lens viewed through an eyepiece lens disposed in the opposite end of the dosimeter. This results in improved fiber illumination and fiber image contrast.

Fox, R.J.

1985-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

369

Bell-type inequalities for arbitrary observables  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive a Bell-type inequality for observables with arbitrary spectra. For the case of continuous variable systems we propose a possible experimental violation of this inequality, by using squeezed light and homodyne detection together with methods of quantum-state reconstruction. It is shown that the violation is also possible for realistic detection efficiencies.

E. Shchukin W. Vogel

2009-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

370

A Method to Determine Precipitation Types  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method to diagnose surface precipitation types is suggested. Most cases of freezing rain and ice pellets occur with a layer warmer than 0C extending above a surface-based layer of air colder than 0C. The procedure uses predictors proportional ...

Pierre Bourgouin

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Tailoring persuasive health games to gamer type  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Persuasive games are an effective approach for motivating health behavior, and recent years have seen an increase in games designed for changing human behaviors or attitudes. However, these games are limited in two major ways: first, they are not based ... Keywords: behavior theory, hbm, player typology, gamer types, games design, health, persuasive game, serious games

Rita Orji; Regan L. Mandryk; Julita Vassileva; Kathrin M. Gerling

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Types of Dialogue and Burdens of Proof  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Burden of proof has recently come to be a topic of interest in argumentation systems for artificial intelligence (Prakken and Sartor, 2006, 2007, 2009; Gordon and Walton, 2007, 2009), but so far the main work on the subject seems to be in that type of ...

Douglas Walton

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Reference Buildings by Building Type: Small Hotel  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location. This Microsoft Excel spreadsheet is also included in the ZIP file. For version 1.4, only the IDF file is included.

374

Reference Buildings by Building Type: Large Hotel  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location. This Microsoft Excel spreadsheet is also included in the ZIP file. For version 1.4, only the IDF file is included.

375

James-Stein type estimators of variances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we propose James-Stein type estimators for variances raised to a fixed power by shrinking individual variance estimators towards the arithmetic mean. We derive and estimate the optimal choices of shrinkage parameters under both the squared ... Keywords: 62H12, Inadmissibility, Shrinkage estimation, Shrinkage parameter, Squared loss function, Stein loss function, Variance estimation

Tiejun Tong; Homin Jang; Yuedong Wang

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Rates and progenitors of type Ia supernovae  

SciTech Connect

The remarkable uniformity of Type Ia supernovae has allowed astronomers to use them as distance indicators to measure the properties and expansion history of the Universe. However, Type Ia supernovae exhibit intrinsic variation in both their spectra and observed brightness. The brightness variations have been approximately corrected by various methods, but there remain intrinsic variations that limit the statistical power of current and future observations of distant supernovae for cosmological purposes. There may be systematic effects in this residual variation that evolve with redshift and thus limit the cosmological power of SN Ia luminosity-distance experiments. To reduce these systematic uncertainties, we need a deeper understanding of the observed variations in Type Ia supernovae. Toward this end, the Nearby Supernova Factory has been designed to discover hundreds of Type Ia supernovae in a systematic and automated fashion and study them in detail. This project will observe these supernovae spectrophotometrically to provide the homogeneous high-quality data set necessary to improve the understanding and calibration of these vital cosmological yardsticks. From 1998 to 2003, in collaboration with the Near-Earth Asteroid Tracking group at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a systematic and automated searching program was conceived and executed using the computing facilities at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the National Energy Research Supercomputing Center. An automated search had never been attempted on this scale. A number of planned future large supernovae projects are predicated on the ability to find supernovae quickly, reliably, and efficiently in large datasets. A prototype run of the SNfactory search pipeline conducted from 2002 to 2003 discovered 83 SNe at a final rate of 12 SNe/month. A large, homogeneous search of this scale offers an excellent opportunity to measure the rate of Type Ia supernovae. This thesis presents a new method for analyzing the true sensitivity of a multi-epoch supernova search and finds a Type Ia supernova rate from z {approx} 0.01-0.1 of r{sub V} = 4.26{sub -1.93 -0.10}{sup +1.39 +0.10} h{sup 3} x 10{sup -4} SNe Ia/yr/Mpc{sup 3} from a preliminary analysis of a subsample of the SNfactory prototype search. Several unusual supernovae were found in the course of the SNfactory prototype search. One in particular, SN 2002ic, was the first SN Ia to exhibit convincing evidence for a circumstellar medium and offers valuable insight into the progenitors of Type Ia supernovae.

Wood-Vasey, William Michael

2004-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

377

Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Changes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Changes in Lighting Changes in Lighting The percentage of commercial buildings with lighting was unchanged between 1995 and 2003; however, three lighting types did show change in usage. Compact fluorescent lamps and halogen lamps showed a significant increase between 1995 and 2003 while the use of incandescent lights declined. The lighting questions in the 1995, 1999, and 2003 CBECS questionnaires were virtually identical which facilitates comparison across survey years. The use of compact fluorescent lamps more than doubled, from just under 10 percent of lit buildings to more than 20 percent (Figure 17 and Table 5). The use of halogen lamps nearly doubled, from 7 percent to 13 percent of lit buildings. Use of incandescent lights was the only lighting type to decline; their use dropped from 59 percent to just over one-half of lit buildings.

378

Federal Energy Management Program: Maintenance Types  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Maintenance Types Maintenance Types Proper operations and maintenance (O&M) goes beyond repairing equipment after it breaks. Several maintenance strategies exist to prevent systems disrepair and degradation. A combination of the following can ensure an optimal blend of cost and life-cycle effectiveness: Reactive Maintenance: Follows a "run it until it breaks" strategy. No action or effort is taken to maintain equipment, prevent failure, or ensure life of the system - even if actions are suggested by the manufacturer. Preventive Maintenance: Refers to a series of actions performed on calendar time or machine run time schedules. Predictive Maintenance: Strives to detect the onset of equipment degradation and address the problems as they are identified. Several predictive maintenance technologies exist.

379

Compact fast analyzer of rotary cuvette type  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact fast analyzer of the rotary cuvette type is provided for simultaneously determining concentrations in a multiplicity of discrete samples using either absorbance or fluorescence measurement techniques. A rigid, generally rectangular frame defines optical passageways for the absorbance and fluorescence measurement systems. The frame also serves as a mounting structure for various optical components as well as for the cuvette rotor mount and drive system. A single light source and photodetector are used in making both absorbance and fluorescence measurements. Rotor removal and insertion are facilitated by a swing-out drive motor and rotor mount. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The invention relates generally to concentration measuring instruments and more specifically to a compact fast analyzer of the rotary cuvette type which is suitable for making either absorbance or fluorescence measurements. It was made in the course of, or under, a contract with the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission.

Thacker, Louis H. (Knoxville, TN)

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Introduction  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Introduction Introduction Lighting is a major consumer of electricity in commercial buildings and a target for energy savings through use of energy-efficient light sources along with other advanced lighting technologies. The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) collects information on types of lighting equipment, the amount of floorspace that is lit, and the percentage of floorspace lit by each type. In addition, CBECS data are used to model end-use consumption, including energy consumed for lighting in commercial buildings. CBECS building characteristics data can answer a wide range of questions about lighting from the most basic, "How many buildings are lit?" to more detailed questions such as, "How many office buildings have compact

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lg chem type" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Finite volume schemes for Boussinesq type equations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Finite volume schemes are commonly used to construct approximate solutions to conservation laws. In this study we extend the framework of the finite volume methods to dispersive water wave models, in particular to Boussinesq type systems. We focus mainly on the application of the method to bidirectional nonlinear, dispersive wave propagation in one space dimension. Special emphasis is given to important nonlinear phenomena such as solitary waves interactions.

Dutykh, Denys; Mitsotakis, Dimitrios

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Cell type specific gene expression : profiling and targeting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

al. Herpes simplex virus type 1 DNA amplified as bacterialUCSC). hNPPC (AAV)- c-type natriuretic peptide precursor,A. Architecture and cell types of the adult subventricular

Nathanson, Jason Lawrence

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Obliquely Rotated Principal Components: An Improved Meteorological Map Typing Technique?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A detailed analysis of obliquely rotated principal components as a map typing technique was performed. This type of transformation does not constrain orthogonality of the vectors, allowing the components or map types the freedom to better reflect ...

Michael B. Richman

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Quasar Host Orientation and Polarization: Insights into the Type 1/Type 2 Dichotomy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate correlations between the optical linear polarization position angle and the orientation of the host galaxy/extended emission of Type 1 and Type 2 Radio-Loud (RL) and Radio-Quiet (RQ) quasars. We have used high resolution Hubble Space Telescope (HST) data and deconvolution process to obtain a good determination of the host galaxy orientation. With these new measurements and a compilation of data from the literature, we find a significant correlation between the polarization position angle and the position angle of the major axis of the host galaxy/extended emission. The correlation appears different for Type 1 and Type 2 objects and depends on the redshift of the source. Interpretations in the framework of the unification model are discussed.

B. Borguet; D. Hutsemkers; G. Letawe; Y. Letawe; P. Magain

2007-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

385

Bundle-type methods uniformly optimal for smooth and nonsmooth ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dec 7, 2010 ... present new bundle-type methods which possess the optimal rate of ... that uniformly optimal algorithms of this type have been presented in the...

386

Property:Buildings/PublicationType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Property Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon Property:BuildingsPublicationType Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Pages using the...

387

Assessment of the type of cycling infrastructure required to...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

type of cycling infrastructure required to attract new cyclists Jump to: navigation, search Name Assessment of the type of cycling infrastructure required to attract new cyclists...

388

Category:Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Jump to: navigation, search This page contains all of the various types of technologies used in Hydrodynamic Testing Facilities for testing new...

389

Chapter 16 - Types of Contracts | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 - Types of Contracts Chapter 16 - Types of Contracts 16.2 - Performance Evaluation and Measurement Plans for Cost-Reimbursement, Non-Management and Operating Contracts...

390

Can Early Type Galaxies Evolve from Fading the Disks of Late Types?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine whether early-type galaxies in clusters may have evolved from later types by the fading of their disks (e.g., as a result of ram-pressure stripping or strangulation) or by enhancement of the bulge luminosity (e.g., due to tidal interactions and mergers). For this purpose, we compare the bulge and disk luminosities of early- and late-type galaxies and of galaxies at different radial distances from the cluster center. We find that, in order for early-type galaxies, including S0s, to have evolved from late-type galaxies, their bulge luminosities must have been physically enhanced. Disk fading models cannot explain the differences observed. We then show that galaxy bulges are systematically brighter at small projected distances from the cluster center, while disk luminosities are uncorrelated with cluster-centric distance. Our results suggest that bulge enhancement, not disk fading, distinguishes early from late types and is thus at least partially responsible for the morphology-environment relation of bright cluster galaxies.

Daniel Christlein; Ann Zabludoff

2004-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

391

Systems of Hess-Appel'rot type  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct higher-dimensional generalizations of the classical Hess-Appel'rot rigid body system. We give a Lax pair with a spectral parameter leading to an algebro-geometric integration of this new class of systems, which is closely related to the integration of the Lagrange bitop performed by us recently and uses Mumford relation for theta divisors of double unramified coverings. Based on the basic properties satisfied by such a class of systems related to bi-Poisson structure, quasi-homogeneity, and conditions on the Kowalevski exponents, we suggest an axiomatic approach leading to what we call the "class of systems of Hess-Appel'rot type".

Vladimir Dragovic; Borislav Gajic

2006-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

392

New approaches for modeling type Ia supernovae  

SciTech Connect

Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) are the largest thermonuclearexplosions in the Universe. Their light output can be seen across greatstances and has led to the discovery that the expansion rate of theUniverse is accelerating. Despite the significance of SNe Ia, there arestill a large number of uncertainties in current theoretical models.Computational modeling offers the promise to help answer the outstandingquestions. However, even with today's supercomputers, such calculationsare extremely challenging because of the wide range of length and timescales. In this paper, we discuss several new algorithms for simulationsof SNe Ia and demonstrate some of their successes.

Zingale, Michael; Almgren, Ann S.; Bell, John B.; Day, Marcus S.; Rendleman, Charles A.; Woosley, Stan

2007-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

393

Estimate Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Building Type | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Estimate Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Building Type Estimate Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Building Type Estimate Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Building Type October 7, 2013 - 10:51am Addthis YOU ARE HERE Step 2 Starting with the programs contributing the greatest proportion of building greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, the agency should next determine which building types operated by those programs use the most energy (Figure 1). Energy intensity is evaluated instead of emissions in this approach because programs may not have access to emissions data by building type. Figure 1 - An image of an organizational-type chart. A rectangle labeled 'Program 1' has lines pointing to three other rectangles below it labeled 'Building Type 1,' 'Building Type 2,' and 'Building Type 3.' Next to the building types it says, 'Step 2. Estimate emissions by building type.

394

Interplanetary shocks lacking type II radio bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the radio-emission characteristics of 222 interplanetary (IP) shocks. A surprisingly large fraction of the IP shocks (~34%) is radio quiet (i.e., the shocks lacked type II radio bursts). The CMEs associated with the RQ shocks are generally slow (average speed ~535 km/s) and only ~40% of the CMEs were halos. The corresponding numbers for CMEs associated with radio loud (RL) shocks are 1237 km/s and 72%, respectively. The RQ shocks are also accompanied by lower peak soft X-ray flux. CMEs associated with RQ (RL) shocks are generally accelerating (decelerating). The kinematics of CMEs associated with the km type II bursts is similar to those of RQ shocks, except that the former are slightly more energetic. Comparison of the shock The RQ shocks seem to be mostly subcritical and quasi-perpendicular. The radio-quietness is predominant in the rise phase and decreases through the maximum and declining phases of solar cycle 23. The solar sources of the shock-driving CMEs follow the sunspot butterfly diagra...

Gopalswamy, N; Makela, P; Akiyama, S; Yashiro, S; Kaiser, M L; Howard, R A; Bougeret, J -L

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

The Distant Type Ia Supernova Rate  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

We present a measurement of the rate of distant Type Ia supernovae derived using 4 large subsets of data from the Supernova Cosmology Project. Within this fiducial sample, which surveyed about 12 square degrees, thirty-eight supernovae were detected at redshifts 0.25--0.85. In a spatially flat cosmological model consistent with the results obtained by the Supernova Cosmology Project, we derive a rest-frame Type Ia supernova rate at a mean red shift z {approx_equal} 0.55 of 1.53 {sub -0.25}{sub -0.31}{sup 0.28}{sup 0.32} x 10{sup -4} h{sup 3} Mpc{sup -3} yr{sup -1} or 0.58{sub -0.09}{sub -0.09}{sup +0.10}{sup +0.10} h{sup 2} SNu(1 SNu = 1 supernova per century per 10{sup 10} L{sub B}sun), where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second includes systematic effects. The dependence of the rate on the assumed cosmological parameters is studied and the redshift dependence of the rate per unit comoving volume is contrasted with local estimates in the context of possible cosmic star formation histories and progenitor models.

Pain, R.; Fabbro, S.; Sullivan, M.; Ellis, R. S.; Aldering, G.; Astier, P.; Deustua, S. E.; Fruchter, A. S.; Goldhaber, G.; Goobar, A.; Groom, D. E.; Hardin, D.; Hook, I. M.; Howell, D. A.; Irwin, M. J.; Kim, A. G.; Kim, M. Y.; Knop, R. A.; Lee, J. C.; Perlmutter, S.; Ruiz-Lapuente, P.; Schahmaneche, K.; Schaefer, B.; Walton, N. A.

2002-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

396

A static type system for JVM access control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a static type system for JAVA Virtual Machine (JVM) code that enforces an access control mechanism similar to the one found, for example, in a JAVA implementation. In addition to verifying type consistency of a given JVM code, the ... Keywords: JVM, access control, stack inspection, type inference, type system

Tomoyuki Higuchi; Atsushi Ohori

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Descent Relations in Type 0A/0B  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The type 0 theories have twice as many stable D-branes as the type II theories. In light of this added complication, we find the descent relations for D-branes in the type 0A and 0B theories. In addition, we work out how the two types of D-branes differ in their couplings to NS-NS fields.

David M. Thompson

2001-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

398

Fermionic and Bosonic Stabilizing Effects for Type I and Type II Dimension Bubbles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider two types of "dimension bubbles", which are viewed as 4d nontopological solitons that emerge from a 5d theory with a compact extra dimension. The size of the extra dimension varies rapidly within the domain wall of the soliton. We consider the cases of type I (II) bubbles where the size of the extra dimension inside the bubble is much larger (smaller) than outside. Type I bubbles with thin domain walls can be stabilized by the entrapment of various particle modes whose masses become much smaller inside than outside the bubble. This is demonstrated here for the cases of scalar bosons, fermions, and massive vector bosons, including both Kaluza-Klein zero modes and Kaluza-Klein excitation modes. Type II bubbles expel massive particle modes but both types can be stabilized by photons. Plasma filled bubbles containing a variety of massless or nearly massless radiation modes may exist as long-lived metastable states. Furthermore, in contrast to the case with a "gravitational bag", the metric for a fluid-filled dimension bubble does not exhibit a naked singularity at the bubble's center.

J. R. Morris

2004-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

399

Type E: Extensional Tectonic, Fault-Controlled Resource | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Type E: Extensional Tectonic, Fault-Controlled Resource Type E: Extensional Tectonic, Fault-Controlled Resource Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Type E: Extensional Tectonic, Fault-Controlled Resource Dictionary.png Type E: Extensional Tectonic, Fault-Controlled Resource: No definition has been provided for this term. Add a Definition Brophy Occurrence Models This classification scheme was developed by Brophy, as reported in Updating the Classification of Geothermal Resources.[1] Type A: Magma-heated, Dry Steam Resource Type B: Andesitic Volcanic Resource Type C: Caldera Resource Type D: Sedimentary-hosted, Volcanic-related Resource Type E: Extensional Tectonic, Fault-Controlled Resource Type F: Oceanic-ridge, Basaltic Resource Extensional-tectonic, fault-controlled resources typically result from a

400

Contractor: Contract Number: Contract Type: Total Estimated  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Number: Number: Contract Type: Total Estimated Contract Cost: Performance Period Total Fee Earned FY2008 $2,550,203 FY2009 $39,646,446 FY2010 $64,874,187 FY2011 $66,253,207 FY2012 $41,492,503 FY2013 $0 FY2014 FY2015 FY2016 FY2017 FY2018 Cumulative Fee Earned $214,816,546 Fee Available $2,550,203 Minimum Fee $77,931,569 $69,660,249 Savannah River Nuclear Solutions LLC $458,687,779 $0 Maximum Fee Fee Information $88,851,963 EM Contractor Fee Site: Savannah River Site Office, Aiken, SC Contract Name: Management & Operating Contract September 2013 DE-AC09-08SR22470

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lg chem type" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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401

Visualizing Type Ia Supernova Explosions at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Supernova Explosions Supernova Explosions Visualizing Type Ia Supernova Explosions Childs1a-Supernovasm.png Deep inside a dying star in a galaxy far, far away, a carbon fusion flame ignites. Ignition may happen in the middle or displaced slightly to one side, but this simulation explores the consequences of central ignition. In a localized hot spot, represented here by a deformed sphere with an average radius of 100 km, carbon is assumed to have already fused to iron, producing hot ash (~10 billion K) with a density about 20% less than its surroundings. As the burning progresses, this hot buoyant ash rises up and interacts with cold fuel. Rayleigh-Taylor fingers give rise to shear and turbulence, which interacts with the flame, causing it to move faster. In about 2 seconds, the energy released blows the entire white dwarf star up,

402

Type I Superconductivity in Neutron Stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The magnetic structure of neutron vortices in the superfluid cores of neutron stars is determined assuming that the proton condensate forms a type I superconductor. It is shown that the entrainment currents induced by the neutron vortex circulation cause the proton superconductor to break into successive domains of normal and superconducting regions. The Gibbs free-energy is found in the case in which the normal domains form cylindrical tubes coaxial with the neutron vortex. The minimum of the energy functional corresponds to a tube radius $a\\sim 0.1-0.5 ~b$, where $b$ is the outer radius of the neutron vortex. The magnetic field within the tube is of the order of $ 5 \\times 10^{14}$ G.

D. M. Sedrakian; A. Sedrakian; G. F. Zharkov

1997-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

403

Internet Media Types and the Web  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

draft-masinter-mime-web-info-00 This document describes some of the ways in which parts of the MIME system, originally designed for electronic mail, have been used in the web, and some of the ways in which those uses have resulted in difficulties. This informational document is intended as background and justification for a companion Best Current Practice which makes some changes to the registry of Internet Media Types and other specifications and practices, in order to facilitate Web application design and standardization. Status of this Memo This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79. Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). Note that other groups may also distribute working documents as Internet-Drafts. The list of current Internet-Drafts is at

L. Masinter

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Weak Viscoelastic Nematodynamics of Maxwell Type  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A constitutive theory for weak viscoelastic nematodynamics of Maxwell type is developed using the standard local approach of non-equilibrium thermodynamics. Along with particular viscoelastic and nematic kinematics, the theory uses the weakly elastic potential proposed by de Gennes for nematic solids and the LEP constitutive equations for viscous nematic liquids, while ignoring the Frank (orientation) elasticity and inertia effects. In spite of many basic parameters, algebraic properties of nematic operations investigated in Appendix, allowed us to reveal a general group structure of the theory and present it in a simple form. It is shown that the evolution equation for director is also viscoelastic. An example of magnetization clarifies the situation with non-symmetric stresses. When the sources of stress asymmetry are absent, the theory is simplified and its relaxation properties are described by a symmetric subgroup of nematic algebraic operations. A purely linear constitutive behavior exemplifies the symmetric situation.

Arkady I. Leonov; Valery S. Volkov

2004-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

405

New type gas-injection plant readied  

SciTech Connect

A unique gas-injection plant is about to go on stream in Venezuela's Lake Maracaibo. The $10-million installation, designed for unattended operation, is a joint venture of Phillips Petroleum Co., as operator for itself, and Cia. Shell de Venezuela. The plant, housed on a 120 by 130-ft platform, will be the first in the world to use gas turbines to drive reciprocating compressors. The 130 MMscfd facility will use 2 General Electric 15,000-hp gas turbines with gear reducers to drive a pair of 4-stage Cooper- Bessemer LM-8 compressors. No previous attempt has ever been made to drive this type of unit by gas turbines. Phillips says the gas turbines were selected because of inherent flexibility reliability as prime movers, and lack of vibration--an important advantage in offshore gas plants.

Franco, A.

1967-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

406

Portable type solar heat cooker assembly  

SciTech Connect

A portable type solar heat cooker assembly including a cooking glass tube comprising an outer bottomed glass tube and an inner bottomed glass tube coated with a selective absorption film showing a high absorptivity in the solar radiation spectrum zone and a low absorptivity in the heat radiation spectrum zone. The inner tube is coaxially inserted into the outer tube and hermetically sealed together at their open ends, with a space therebetween being evacuated to vacuum. A case is provided to open on hinges and to receive the cooking glass tube at its central portion. A curved reflector is bisymmetrically provided on the case, which forms a reflex mirror for the solar rays when the case is opened. A tiltable stand attached to the outside of the case is provided to support the case in an inclined state.

Takeuchi, H.; Mikiya, T.

1984-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

407

A Germanium Back Contact Type Thermophotovoltaic Cell  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Ge back contact type photovoltaic cell has been proposed to reduce resistance loss for high current densities in thermophotovoltaic systems. The back contact structure requires less surface recombination velocities than conventional structures with front grid contacts. A SiO2/SiNx double anti-reflection coating including a high refractive index SiNx layer was studied. The SiNx layer has an enough passivation effect to obtain high efficiency. The quantum efficiency of the Ge cell was around 0.8 in the 800-1600 nm wavelength range. The conversion efficiency for infrared lights was estimated at 18% for a blackbody surface and 25% for a selective emitter by using the quantum efficiency and a simulation analysis.

Nagashima, Tomonori; Okumura, Kenichi [Future Project Div., Toyota Motor Corporation, 1200 Mishuku, Susono, Shizuoka 410-1193 (Japan); Yamaguchi, Masafumi [Toyota Technological Institute, 2-12-1 Hisakata, Tempaku, Nagoya 468-8511 (Japan)

2007-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

408

Spectral diversity of Type Ia Supernovae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use published spectroscopic and photometric data for 8 Type Ia supernovae to construct a dispersion spectrum for this class of object, showing their diversity over the wavelength range 3700A to 7100A. We find that the B and V bands are the spectral regions with the least dispersion, while the U band below 4100A is more diverse. Some spectral features such as the Si line at 6150A are also highly diverse. We then construct two objective measures of 'peculiarity' by (i) using the deviation of individual objects from the average SN Ia spectrum compared to the typical dispersion and (ii) applying principle component analysis. We demonstrate these methods on several SNe Ia that have previously been classified as peculiar.

J. Berian James; Tamara M. Davis; Brian P. Schmidt; Alex G. Kim

2006-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

409

RIEGER-TYPE PERIODICITY IN THE OCCURRENCE OF SOLAR TYPE III RADIO BURSTS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Letter presents the first observations of a Rieger-type periodicity with the period of 156{sub -9}{sup +19} days in the occurrence rate of solar coronal type III radio bursts. The periodicity was detected during the time interval from 2000 June 22 to 2003 December 31. This interval partially contains the maximum and the declining phase of solar cycle 23. The radio spectra were provided by the Learmonth Solar Radio Observatory in Western Australia, part of the USAF Radio Solar Telescope Network.

Lobzin, V. V.; Cairns, Iver H.; Robinson, P. A. [School of Physics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia)

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Federal Energy Management Program: Types of Utility Energy Service  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Types of Utility Types of Utility Energy Service Contracts to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Types of Utility Energy Service Contracts on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Types of Utility Energy Service Contracts on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Types of Utility Energy Service Contracts on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Types of Utility Energy Service Contracts on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Types of Utility Energy Service Contracts on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Types of Utility Energy Service Contracts on AddThis.com... Energy Savings Performance Contracts ENABLE Utility Energy Service Contracts Types of Contracts Laws & Regulations

411

Effect of Temperature on Shear-Induced Anisotropic Structure ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... type patterning has been shown in light scattering experiments for colloids.[4] Upon ... [3] H. van Olphen, ''An Introduction to Clay Colloid Chem- ...

2006-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

412

Property:NrelPartnerType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NrelPartnerType NrelPartnerType Jump to: navigation, search Property Name NrelPartnerType Property Type String Description Partnership Type. Pages using the property "NrelPartnerType" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 1 1366 Technologies + Incubator + 3 3M + CRADA + A A.O. Smith + Test & Evaluation Partner + A123Systems + CRADA + AAON + Test & Evaluation Partner + AQUA Products + Test & Evaluation Partner + AVL Powertrain Engineering + Licensing Agreement + AWS Truewind + Test & Evaluation Partner + Abengoa Solar + CRADA + Abound Solar + Other Relationship + Advanced Energy Products + Test & Evaluation Partner + Affiliated International Management (AIM) + Test & Evaluation Partner + Affordable Comfort + Test & Evaluation Partner +

413

The progenitors of subluminous type Ia supernovae  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We find that spectroscopically peculiar subluminous SNe Ia come from an old population. Of the thirteen subluminous SNe Ia known, nine are found in E/S0 galaxies, and the remainder are found in early-type spirals. The probability that this is a chance occurrence is only 0.1%. The finding that subluminous SNe Ia are associated with an older stellar population indicates that for a sufficiently large lookback time (already accessible in current high redshift searches) they will not be found. Due to a scarcity in old populations, hydrogen and helium main sequence stars and He red giant stars that undergo Roche lobe overflow are unlikely to be the progenitors of subluminous SNe Ia. Earlier findings that overluminous SNe Ia (DELTA m{sub 15} (B) < 0.94) come from a young progenitor population are confirmed. The fact that subluminous SNe Ia and overluminous SNe Ia come from different progenitor populations and also have different properties is a prediction of the CO white dwarf merger progenitor scenario.

Howell, D. Andrew

2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

EPICS Version 4 - Implementing Complex Data Types  

SciTech Connect

Through phase 1 and phase 2 SBIR grants, s fully functional I/O Controller and communication protocol for version 4 of EPICS is completed. This new software architecture provides a flexible and extendible architecture. Version 4 is implemented fully in Java. The performance metrics look promising. The final portion of phase 2 is to optimize the communication mechanisms. Subsequent work on different aspects of this are required to provide a viable solutions in various areas. Version 3 of EPICS is able to provide a platform for implementing channel based control, because the channel and attributes for time stamping, alarm, display and control were narrow, well defined, and complete. To extend EPICS functionality beyond this, it is necessary to define attributes needed for archive data, array, image data, and directory services. The proper handling of several array types enables the development of middle layer servers such as orbit and bump control in accelerators. Phase 1 should produce a well defined, reviewed, and agreed upon definition of the metadata required for these services. A Phase 2 grant would provide tools that implemented archiving, general array, imaging, and directory applications.

Marty Kraimer,; John dalesio

2012-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

415

Type F: Oceanic-ridge, Basaltic Resource | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Type F: Oceanic-ridge, Basaltic Resource Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Type F: Oceanic-ridge, Basaltic Resource Dictionary.png Type F: Oceanic-ridge, Basaltic Resource: No definition has been provided for this term. Add a Definition Brophy Occurrence Models This classification scheme was developed by Brophy, as reported in Updating the Classification of Geothermal Resources.[1] Type A: Magma-heated, Dry Steam Resource Type B: Andesitic Volcanic Resource Type C: Caldera Resource Type D: Sedimentary-hosted, Volcanic-related Resource Type E: Extensional Tectonic, Fault-Controlled Resource

416

Type B: Andesitic Volcanic Resource | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Type B: Andesitic Volcanic Resource Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Type B: Andesitic Volcanic Resource Dictionary.png Type B: Andesitic Volcanic Resource: No definition has been provided for this term. Add a Definition Brophy Occurrence Models This classification scheme was developed by Brophy, as reported in Updating the Classification of Geothermal Resources.[1] Type A: Magma-heated, Dry Steam Resource Type B: Andesitic Volcanic Resource Type C: Caldera Resource Type D: Sedimentary-hosted, Volcanic-related Resource Type E: Extensional Tectonic, Fault-Controlled Resource

417

Mo Type Phase in Long-Term Aged INCONEL Alloy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

FORMATION OF A PtzMo TYPE PHASE IN LONG-TERM AGED lNCONEL@ ALLOY 686. Michael G. ... formation of a low-temperature iutermetallic Pt*Mo type .

418

Chromosome- and Chromatid-type Aberrations after Irradiation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chromosome- and Chromatid-type Aberrations after Irradiation of Various HRR or NHEJ Deficient Mutant Chinese Hamster Cells and Their Wild-type Counterparts in G0G1 or LateSG2...

419

Form:CBECS Building Type | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CBECS Building Type Jump to: navigation, search This is the 'CBECS Building Type' form. To add a page with this form, enter the page name below; if a page with that name already...

420

Short-Range Ensemble Forecasts of Precipitation Type  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Short-range ensemble forecasting is extended to a critical winter weather problem: forecasting precipitation type. Forecast soundings from the operational NCEP Short-Range Ensemble Forecast system are combined with five precipitation-type ...

Matthew S. Wandishin; Michael E. Baldwin; Steven L. Mullen; John V. Cortinas Jr.

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lg chem type" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Recharge Oscillator Mechanisms in Two Types of ENSO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The El NioSouthern Oscillation (ENSO) tends to behave arguably as two different types or flavors in recent decades. One is the canonical cold-tongue-type ENSO with major sea surface temperature anomalies (SSTA) positioned over the eastern ...

Hong-Li Ren; Fei-Fei Jin

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Total Stocks Stocks by Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Stock Type: Download Series History: Definitions, Sources & Notes: Show Data By: Product: Stock Type: Area: 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History; U.S. 1,665,345 ...

423

Template:Incentive Type Page Query | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Incentive Type Page Query Jump to: navigation, search This is the 'Incentive Type Page Query' template. If limitrec is not included, default is 1000. limitrec is only for the...

424

An Improved Operational System for Forecasting Precipitation Type  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Model Output Statistics system for forecasting the conditional probability of precipitation type (PoPT) became operational within the National Weather Service in September 1978. Forecasts are provided for three precipitation type categories: ...

Joseph R. Bocchieri; George J. Maglaras

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Vehicle Specifications Battery Type: Ni-NaCl  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nominal System Voltage: 371 V Rated Capacity (C3): 150 Ah Cooling Method: Electric fan Powertrain Motor Type: DC Brushless Number of Motors: One Motor Cooling Type: Oil to...

426

Molecular Thermodynamic Modeling of Droplet-Type Microemulsions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Molecular Thermodynamic Modeling of Droplet-Type Microemulsions Livia A. Moreira and Abbas a molecular thermodynamic theory for droplet-type microemulsions, both water-in-oil and oil

Firoozabadi, Abbas

427

Visualizing Buoyant Burning Bubbles in Type Ia Supernovae at...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Burning in Supernovae Buoyant Burning Bubbles in Type Ia Supernovae bubble-s.jpeg Flame ignition in type Ia supernovae leads to isolated bubbles of burning buoyant fluid. As a...

428

Recharge Oscillator Mechanisms in Two Types of ENSO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

El Nio and the Southern Oscillation (ENSO) tend to behave arguably as two different types or flavors in recent decades. One is the canonical cold-tongue (CT) -type ENSO with major sea surface temperature anomalies (SSTA) positioned over the ...

Hong-Li Ren; Fei-Fei Jin

429

Propane/Propylene Total Stocks Stocks by Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Stock Type: Download Series History: Definitions, Sources & Notes: Show Data By: Product: Stock Type: Area: Jan-13 Feb-13 Mar-13 Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 View History; U ...

430

Naphtha for Petrochemical Feedstock Use Total Stocks Stocks by Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Stock Type: Download Series History: Definitions, Sources & Notes: Show Data By: Product: Stock Type: Area: Jan-13 Feb-13 Mar-13 Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 View History; U ...

431

Propane/Propylene Natural Gas Processing Plant Stocks by Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Stock Type: Download Series History: Definitions, Sources & Notes: Show Data By: Product: Stock Type: Area: Jan-13 Feb-13 Mar-13 Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 View History; U ...

432

Residual Fuel Oil Bulk Terminal Stocks by Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Stock Type: Download Series History: Definitions, Sources & Notes: Show Data By: Product: Stock Type: Area: Jan-13 Feb-13 Mar-13 Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 View History; U ...

433

Asphalt and Road Oil Total Stocks Stocks by Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Stock Type: Download Series History: Definitions, Sources & Notes: Show Data By: Product: Stock Type: Area: Feb-13 Mar-13 Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 View History; U ...

434

Washington Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) ... History; Gasoline, All Grades : Through Retail Outlets: ...

435

North Carolina Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Area: ... History; Gasoline, All Grades : Through Retail ...

436

LITTLEWOOD TYPE PROBLEMS ON SUB ARCS Peter ... - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LITTLEWOOD TYPE. PROBLEMS ON SUB ARCS. Peter Borwein. Simon Fraser University Centre for. Constructive and Experimental. Mathematics.

437

Mehrotra-Type Predictor-Corrector Algorithms Revisited  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Feb 5, 2007 ... Mehrotra-Type Algorithm, Polynomial Complexity. ?Corresponding author, Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Sciences, The University of...

438

Structural Design for the Development of the Floating Type ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Finally, we designed and developed floating type photovoltaic generation system using the ... Polymer Electrolyte Membrane for Direct Methanol Fuel Cell.

439

Pitting Corrosion Resistance of Type 2507 Duplex Stainless Steel in ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Alloy Development for Measurement While Drilling Tools ... Resistance of Type 2507 Duplex Stainless Steel in Synthetic Seawater and Hydraulic Fluids.

440

Polymorphic CSP Type Checking Ping Gao and Robert Esser  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Polymorphic CSP Type Checking Ping Gao and Robert Esser Concurrent and Real­time Systems Laboratory@cs.adelaide.edu.au Abstract Communicating Sequential Processes (CSP) is a lan­ guage used to describe and reason about between a conventional functional lan­ guage type checker and a type checker for the CSP language

Esser, Robert

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lg chem type" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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441

Nonlinear quantization on Hebbian-type associative memories  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hebbian-type associative memory is characterized by its simple architecture. However, the hardware implementation of Hebbian-type associative memories is normally complicated when there are a huge number of patterns stored. To simplify the interconnection ... Keywords: Hebbian-type associative memory, Interconnection, Neuron, Nonlinear quantization, Probability of direct convergence

Chishyan Liaw; Ching-Tsorng Tsai; Chao-Hui Ko

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Dynamic heap type inference for program understanding and debugging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

C programs can be difficult to debug due to lax type enforcement and low-level access to memory. We present a dynamic analysis for C that checks heap snapshots for consistency with program types. Our approach builds on ideas from physical subtyping and ... Keywords: conservative garbage collection, constraints, debugging tools, dynamic type inference, heap visualization, physical subtyping

Marina Polishchuk; Ben Liblit; Chlo W. Schulze

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Graphical and incremental type inference: a graph transformation approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a graph grammar based type inference system for a totally graphic development language. NiMo (Nets in Motion) can be seen as a graphic equivalent to Haskell that acts as an on-line tracer and debugger. Programs are process networks that evolve ... Keywords: graphical language, process networks, type inference, type visualization

Silvia Clerici; Cristina Zoltan; Guillermo Prestigiacomo

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

The Yi Liu Group - Home  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research Research Group Members News Publications Contacts Home Research Group Members News Publications Contacts - A supramolecular approach to better n-type organic field effect transistors. Soon in Adv. Mater. - Electron donors, acceptors, and host-guest complexes enable supramolecular networks in action. See the trio publications on J. Am. Chem. Soc., Polym. Chem., and Chem. Eur. J. - Encaged! Not one, not two, but three. Three-fold clipping leads to triply threaded interlocked structures. Soon in Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. - Strongly interacting C3-symmetric donor-acceptor pairs made its way to Chem. Sci. - Check out our recent report on organic semi- conductors and molecular switches at Appl. Mat. Inter. and Agnew. Chem. Int. Ed. - Advances in efficient bio- orthogonal labeling - soon in Agnew. Chem.

445

DISTRIBUTED FLAMES IN TYPE Ia SUPERNOVAE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At a density near a few x10{sup 7} g cm{sup -3}, the subsonic burning in a Type Ia supernova (SN) enters the distributed regime (high Karlovitz number). In this regime, turbulence disrupts the internal structure of the flame, and so the idea of laminar burning propagated by conduction is no longer valid. The nature of the burning in this distributed regime depends on the turbulent Damkoehler number (Da{sub T}), which steadily declines from much greater than one to less than one as the density decreases to a few x10{sup 6} g cm{sup -3}. Classical scaling arguments predict that the turbulent flame speed s{sub T} , normalized by the turbulent intensity u-check, follows s{sub T}/u-check = Da{sub T}{sup 1/2} for Da{sub T} {approx}burns as a turbulently broadened effective unity Lewis number flame. This flame burns locally with speed s{sub l}ambda and width l{sub l}ambda, and we refer to this kind of flame as a lambda-flame. The burning becomes a collection of lambda-flames spread over a region approximately the size of the {integral} scale. While the total burning rate continues to have a well-defined average, s{sub T}{approx}u-check, the burning is unsteady. We present a theoretical framework, supported by both one-dimensional and three-dimensional numerical simulations, for the burning in these two regimes. Our results indicate that the average value of s{sub T} can actually be roughly twice u-check for Da{sub T} {approx}> 1, and that localized excursions to as much as 5 times u-check can occur. We also explore the properties of the individual flames, which could be sites for a transition to detonation when Da{sub T} {approx} 1. The lambda-flame speed and width can be predicted based on the turbulence in the star (specifically the energy dissipation rate epsilon*) and the turbulent nuclear burning timescale of the fuel tau {sup T}{sub nuc}. We propose a practical method for measuring s{sub l}ambda and l{sub l}ambda based on the scaling relations and small-scale computationally inexpensive simulations. This suggests that a simple turbulent flame model can be easily constructed suitable for large-scale distributed SNe flames. These results will be useful both for characterizing the deflagration speed in larger full-star simulations, where the flame cannot be resolved, and for predicting when detonation occurs.

Aspden, A. J.; Bell, J. B. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, MS 50A-1148, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Woosley, S. E. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California at Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States)

2010-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

446

Generation of GHZ-type and \\emph{W}-type entangled coherent states of three-cavity fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present experimental schemes to prepare the three-cavity GHZ-type and \\emph{W}-type entangled coherent states in the context of dispersive cavity quantum electrodynamics. The schemes can be easily generalized to prepare the GHZ-type and \\emph{W}-type entangled coherent states of $n$-cavity fields. The discussion of our schemes indicates that it can be realized by current technologies.

Chun-Hua Yuan; Yong-Cheng Ou; Zhi-Ming Zhang

2005-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

447

Growth of p-type and n-type m-plane GaN by molecular beam epitaxy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cm ?3 corresponding to p-type ?lm conductivi- ties as highOF APPLIED PHYSICS 100, 063707 ?2006? Growth of p-type andn-type m-plane GaN by molecular beam epitaxy M. McLaurin, a?

McLaurin, M; Mates, T E; Wu, F; Speck, J S

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Property:EnvironmentalAnalysisType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EnvironmentalAnalysisType EnvironmentalAnalysisType Jump to: navigation, search Property Name environmentalAnalysisType Property Type Page Description Type of environmental analysis conducted to meet NEPA requirements (eg Categorical Exclusion, Environmental Assessment) Allows Values CU;DNA;CX;EA;EIS This is a property of type Page. Pages using the property "EnvironmentalAnalysisType" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) B BLM-NV-WN-ES-08-01-1310, NV-020-08-01 + EA + C CA-017-05-051 + EA + CA-067-2006-12 + EA + CA-170-02-15 + EA + CA-650-2005-086 + EA + CA-670-2010-107 + CX + CA-670-2010-CX + CX + CA-96062042 + EIS + D DOE-EA-1116 + EA + DOE-EA-1621 + EA + DOE-EA-1676 + EA + DOE-EA-1733 + EA + DOE-EA-1759 + EA + DOE-EA-1849 + EA + DOE-EA-1961 + EA +

449

Property:Incentive/PolicyType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

PolicyType PolicyType Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Incentive/Policy Type Property Type String Description Policy Type for EZ Feed policy types. Used in place of putting it into Category Financial Incentive Programs or Rules Regulations Policies Incentive Programs Pages using the property "Incentive/PolicyType" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 4 401 Certification (Vermont) + Other Policy + A Abatement of Air Pollution: Air Pollution Control Equipment and Monitoring Equipment Operation (Connecticut) + Other Policy + Abatement of Air Pollution: Connecticut Primary and Secondary Standards (Connecticut) + Other Policy + Abatement of Air Pollution: Control of Carbon Dioxide Emissions/Carbon Dioxide Budget Trading Program (Connecticut) + Other Policy +

450

Microsoft Word - S09257_ChemOrigin.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Multivariate Statistical Analysis Multivariate Statistical Analysis of Water Chemistry in Evaluating the Origin of Contamination in Many Devils Wash, Shiprock, New Mexico December 2012 LMS/SHP/S09257 ESL-RPT-2012-03 This page intentionally left blank LMS/SHP/S09257 ESL-RPT-2012-03 Multivariate Statistical Analysis of Water Chemistry in Evaluating the Origin of Contamination in Many Devils Wash, Shiprock, New Mexico December 2012 This page intentionally left blank U.S. Department of Energy Multivariate Statistical Analysis to the Origin of Contamination-Shiprock, NM December 2012 Doc. No. S09257

451

J59 Chem Biol Biohydrog 2011draft ($$$).pdf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biohydrogenation from Biomass Sugar Mediated by Biohydrogenation from Biomass Sugar Mediated by in vitro 1 Synthetic Enzymatic Pathways 2 3 Running title: Biohydrogenation by Enzyme Cocktail 4 5 6 Yiran Wang 1,4 , Weidong Huang 1 , Noppadon Sathitsuksanoh 1,2 , Zhiguang Zhu 1 , 7 Y.-H. Percival Zhang 1,2,3, * 8 1 Biological Systems Engineering Department, 210-A Seitz Hall, Virginia Polytechnic Institute 9 and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, USA 10 2 Institute for Critical Technology and Applied Science, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State 11 University, Blacksburg, Virginia, USA 12 3 DOE Bioenergy Science Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA 13 4 Shanghai Advanced Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 115, Lane 572, 14 Bibo Road, Shanghai 201203, China 15 16 * Correspondence should be addressed to Y.P.Z. (ypzhang@vt.edu) 17

452

Microsoft Word - IG-0756 PantexChem 020207.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Chemical Safety Protocols at the Chemical Safety Protocols at the Pantex Plant DOE/IG-0756 February 2007 CHEMICAL SAFETY PROTOCOLS AT THE PANTEX PLANT TABLE OF CONTENTS OVERVIEW Introduction and Objective .................................... 1 Observations and Conclusions .............................. 1 DETAILS OF FINDINGS Background ....................................................... 2 Fire Safety Concerns ........................................... 2 Safety Warning Signs .......................................... 4 Eye Wash and Safety Shower ................................ 5 Observation ...................................................... 5 RECOMMENDATIONS ....................................... 7 MANAGEMENT COMMENTS .............................. 7

453

Deconst of lignocell biomass to fuels and chems, 2011.pdf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CH02CH06-Chundawat CH02CH06-Chundawat ARI 27 January 2011 20:20 R E V I E W S I N A D V A N C E Deconstruction of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Fuels and Chemicals Shishir P. S. Chundawat, 1,2,∗ Gregg T. Beckham, 3,4,6,7,∗ Michael E. Himmel, 5,8 and Bruce E. Dale 1,2 1 Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, East Lansing, Michigan 48824; email: chundawa@msu.edu 2 Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 3 National Bioenergy Center, 4 National Advanced Biofuels Consortium, and 5 Biosciences Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado 80401; email: gregg.beckham@nrel.gov 6 Department of Chemical Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado 80401 7 Renewable and Sustainable Energy Institute, Boulder, Colorado 80309 8 Bioenergy Science Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee

454

The ToyChem Package: A Computational Toolkit Implementing a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Applications We have used this method as a part of a chemical reaction network sim- ulation. An implementation of chemical reactions and kinetics was added. Using the Klopman-Salem equation 22, 23, the reactivities of the chemical reaction network in order to study its kinetic properties. Thus we were able to generate chemical

Stadler, Peter F.

455

Citethis:Chem. Commun.,2012,48 ,347349 COMMUNICATION  

2 capture for carbon sequestration,8b,9 very few publications have addressed xenon capture and separations. 10 Mueller et al. reported higher adsorption

456

ES 265 Order of Magnitude Phys & Chem Lecture Outline 7  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(4 ? 1012 J); the Hiroshima atom bomb had a yield of 15 kt. A volcanic explosion occurs when gas be approximated assuming the usual few eV per atom binding energy (see Week 1), and is not markedly different bomb ever built. Fission or fusion bombs, of course, require less material because the energy density

Nimmo, Francis

457

ChemSymphony Lite: Quick-Start Guide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Included in this folder is an additional .zip file and a .cab (cabinet) file. You should leave these in compressed form in the same folder as your chemsymphony...

458

Image-to-Structure Task by ChemReader  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Even we could hardly see unconventional notations in the training- set. So we decided to remove unnecessary heuristic ...

2012-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

459

ChemEdPaper.pdf.old - CECM - Simon Fraser University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Taking into account both the learning capabilities of students of chemistry and .... have a steeper learning curve than others, any software imposes on a user the...

460

Property:EnergyServicesType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EnergyServicesType EnergyServicesType Jump to: navigation, search Property Name EnergyServicesType Property Type String Description Type of energy services provided. Allows Values Lighting;Cooking and water heating;Space heating;Cooling;Information and communications;Earning a living Pages using the property "EnergyServicesType" Showing 8 pages using this property. B Benin: Increased Access to Modern Energy Project + Lighting +, Cooking and water heating +, Space heating +, ... E Ethiopia Energy Access Project + Lighting +, Cooking and water heating +, Information and communications + G Ghana Energy Development and Access Project (GEDAP) + Lighting +, Cooking and water heating +, Information and communications + M Mongolia Renewable Energy and Rural Electricity Access Project + Lighting +, Cooking and water heating +, Space heating +, ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lg chem type" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #306: February 9, 2004 Vehicle Type  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6: February 9, 6: February 9, 2004 Vehicle Type Differences on Vehicle Miles Traveled to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #306: February 9, 2004 Vehicle Type Differences on Vehicle Miles Traveled on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #306: February 9, 2004 Vehicle Type Differences on Vehicle Miles Traveled on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #306: February 9, 2004 Vehicle Type Differences on Vehicle Miles Traveled on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #306: February 9, 2004 Vehicle Type Differences on Vehicle Miles Traveled on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #306: February 9, 2004 Vehicle Type Differences on Vehicle Miles Traveled on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #306:

462

n-Type diamond and method for producing same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A new n-type semiconducting diamond is disclosed, which is doped with n-type dopant atoms. Such diamond is advantageously formed by chemical vapor deposition from a source gas mixture comprising a carbon source compound for the diamond, and a volatile hot wire filament for the n-type impurity species, so that the n-type impurity atoms are doped in the diamond during its formation. A corresponding chemical vapor deposition method of forming the n-type semiconducting diamond is disclosed. The n-type semiconducting diamond of the invention may be usefully employed in the formation of diamond-based transistor devices comprising pn diamond junctions, and in other microelectronic device applications.

Anderson, Richard J. (Oakland, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Operations and Maintenance for Major Equipment Types | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

for Major Equipment Types for Major Equipment Types Operations and Maintenance for Major Equipment Types October 7, 2013 - 9:53am Addthis Equipment lies at the heart of all operations and maintenance (O&M) activities. This equipment varies greatly across the Federal sector in age, size, type, model, condition, etc. No single resource covers all equipment in use by Federal agencies, and listing major equipment types is beyond the scope of this website. Instead, the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) outlines major equipment types within chapter 9 of the Federal Energy Management Programs's (FEMP) O&M Best Practices Guide. The FEMP O&M Best Practices Guide focuses on: Boilers Steam traps Chillers Cooling towers Energy management and building automation systems Air handling systems

464

Property:BLM CaseType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CaseType CaseType Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Property Name BLM CaseType Property Type Page This is a property of type Page. Pages using the property "BLM CaseType" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A AZA-009168 + GEO LSE NONCOMP PRE 2005 + AZA-009169 + GEO LSE NONCOMP PRE 2005 + AZA-009170 + GEO LSE NONCOMP PRE 2005 + AZA-009171 + GEO LSE NONCOMP PRE 2005 + AZA-009172 + GEO LSE NONCOMP PRE 2005 + AZA-009173 + GEO LSE NONCOMP PRE 2005 + AZA-009174 + GEO LSE NONCOMP PRE 2005 + AZA-009175 + GEO LSE NONCOMP PRE 2005 + AZA-009176 + GEO LSE NONCOMP PRE 2005 + AZA-009177 + GEO LSE NONCOMP PRE 2005 + AZA-009178 + GEO LSE NONCOMP PRE 2005 + AZA-009179 + GEO LSE NONCOMP PRE 2005 + AZA-009180 + GEO LSE NONCOMP PRE 2005 +

465

Renewal processes of Mittag-Leffler and Wright type  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

After sketching the basic principles of renewal theory we discuss the classical Poisson process and offer two other processes, namely the renewal process of Mittag-Leffler type and the renewal process of Wright type, so named by us because special functions of Mittag-Leffler and of Wright type appear in the definition of the relevant waiting times. We compare these three processes with each other, furthermore consider corresponding renewal processes with reward and numerically their long-time behaviour.

Francesco Mainardi; Rudolf Gorenflo; Alessandro Vivoli

2007-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

466

Category:Lists for Incentive Types | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lists for Incentive Types Lists for Incentive Types Jump to: navigation, search Category with Lists for Incentive Types. Pages in category "Lists for Incentive Types" The following 64 pages are in this category, out of 64 total. A Appliance/Equipment Efficiency Standards B Bond Programs Building Energy Code Building Energy Codes C Corporate Deduction Corporate Depreciation Corporate Exemption Corporate Tax Credit Corporate Tax Incentives E Energy Efficiency Resource Standard Energy Standards for Public Buildings Equipment Certification Equipment Certification Requirements F Federal Grant Program Federal Loan Program G Generation Disclosure Grant Programs Green Building Incentive Green Building Incentives Green Power Purchasing I Industry Recruitment/Support Interconnection I cont. Interconnection Standards

467

A SHARP BERNSTEIN-TYPE INEQUALITY FOR ... - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A SHARP BERNSTEIN-TYPE. INEQUALITY FOR. EXPONENTIAL SUMS. Peter Borwein and Tam. as Erd elyi. Simon Fraser University. Typeset by AMS-TEX...

468

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

220 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per...

469

Table 28. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Monthly January 2012 56 Table 28. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State

470

Table 31. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Monthly February 2012 76 Table 31. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State

471

Turbulence-Flame Interactions in Type Ia Supernovae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Turbulence-Flame Interactions in Type Ia Supernovae A. J.Normalised time (e) Normalised flame speed Normalised time (length scale (cm) Laminar flame width Gibson scale Cell

Aspden, Andrew J; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, MS 50A-1148, Berkeley, CA 94720 (Authors 1, 2 & 3); Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California at Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (Author 4); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 (Author 5)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Massachusetts Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Area: ... History; Gasoline, All Grades : Through Retail Outlets: ...

473

Site: Contract Name: Contractor: Contract Number: Contract Type...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Contract Name: Contractor: Contract Number: Contract Type: Total Estimated Contract Cost: Contract Period: Minimum Fee Maximum Fee Performance Period Fee Available Total Fee Paid...

474

High Resolution Structure of the Neisseria gonorrhoeae Type IV...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Structure of the Neisseria gonorrhoeae Type IV Pilus: A Membrane-bound Fibrous Assembly Membrane proteins are notoriously difficult to crystallize, and fiber-forming proteins were...

475

A CH-type Inequality For Real Experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive an efficient CH-type inequality. Quantum mechanics violates our proposed inequality independent of the detection-efficiency problem.

Afshin Shafiee

2004-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

476

Ramanujan's type series are recorded with in - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ramanujan Type Series. Ramanujan's remarkable series for include. This series adds roughly eight digits per term. Gosper in 1985 computed 17 million terms...

477

Optimization Online - Some Disadvantages of a Mehrotra-Type ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Feb 17, 2005 ... Some Disadvantages of a Mehrotra-Type Primal-Dual Corrector Interior Point Algorithm for Linear Programming. Coralia Cartis (ccartis ***at***...

478

Optimization Online - Asymptotic equivalence and Kobayashi-type ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

May 13, 2008 ... Asymptotic equivalence and Kobayashi-type estimates for nonautonomous monotone operators in Banach spaces. F Alvarez (falvarez ***at***...

479

Mehrotra-type predictor-corrector algorithms revisited  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Feb 5, 2007 ... Mehrotra-type predictor-corrector algorithms revisited. Maziar Salahi(salahim *** at*** guilan.ac.ir) Tamas Terlaky(terlaky ***at*** mcmaster.ca).

480

DOE specification: Flooded-type lead-acid storage batteries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document contains a ``fill-in-the-blanks`` guide specification for procurement of flooded-type lead-acid storage batteries, for uninterruptible power supply applications.

NONE

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lg chem type" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Complete genome sequence of Acidimicrobium ferrooxidans type strain (ICPT)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with type strain genome sequencing projects registered inResearch, Braunschweig) Genome sequencing and annotationthe complete Table 2. Genome sequencing project information

Clum, Alicia

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Table 34. Propane (Consumer Grade) Prices by Sales Type and ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Monthly January 2012 88 Table 34. Propane (Consumer Grade) Prices by Sales Type and PAD ...

483

Characterization of nitrogen compound types in hydrotreated Paraho shale oil  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Results from the separation and characterization of nitrogen compound types in hydrotreated Paraho shale oil samples were obtained. Two samples of Paraho shale oil were hydrotreated by Chevron Research Company such that one sample contained about 0.05 wt. percent nitrogen and the other sample contained about 0.10 wt. percent nitrogen. A separation method concentrate specific nitrogen compound types was developed. Characterization of the nitrogen types was accomplished by infrared spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, potentiometric titration, and elemental analysis. The distribution of nitrogen compound types in both samples and in the Paraho crude shale oil is compared.

Holmes, S.A.; Latham, D.R.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

TABLE 1. Nuclear Reactor, State, Type, Net Capacity ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Nuclear Reactor, State, Type, Net Capacity, ... Quad Cities Generating Station River Bend San Onofre Seabrook Sequoyah South Texas Project St Lucie ...

485

Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 39. No. 2 Distillate a Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States b (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes)...

486

Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 39. No. 2 Distillate a Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States b (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes)...

487

Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 39. No. 2 Distillate a Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States b (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes)...

488

The relationship between retail type and transportation emissions.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study investigates the relationship between three types of retail, Big Box, traditional and online retail, and their transportation related emissions. The study takes a (more)

Vigder, Samantha

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

NASICON-Type Electrolytes for Low Temperature Sodium Battery ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, NASICON-Type Electrolytes for Low Temperature Sodium Battery Applications. Author(s), Hui Zhang, Xingbo Liu. On-Site Speaker ( Planned)...

490

What is the efficiency of different types of power plants ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Average annual heat rates for specific types of fossil-fuel generators and nuclear power plants for most recent year available.

491

Figure 77. Electricity generation capacity additions by fuel type ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 77. Electricity generation capacity additions by fuel type, including combined heat and power, 2012-2040 (gigawatts) Coal

492

Candidate Biomarkers for Type 1 Diabetes - PNNL: Available ...  

Summary. Researchers at PNNL have discovered a new method for potentially predicting the onset of type 1 diabetes with more consistency. Until now, ...

493

Figure 6. Type of Homes by Insulation, 2001  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Home >>Residential Home Page>>Insulation > Figure 6. Type of Homes by Insulation, 2001. To Top. Contacts: Specific questions may be directed to:

494

ENERGY STAR score details by property type | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

property type Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy...

495

Idaho Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Retail Sales by Refiners ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Referring Pages: Idaho Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Refiner Sales Volumes; Idaho Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, ...

496

List of Portfolio Manager property types, definitions, and use...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

types, definitions, and use details Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new...

497

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 2, 293306, 2002 www.atmos-chem-phys.org/acp/2/293/ Atmospheric  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of H. In this study we extend the treatment of gas scavenging to include ice-phase particles interactions. Besides dissolution of the gas into liquid drops, scavenging of a gas in ice- or mixed-phase of dissolved gas be- tween the aqueous phase and ice phase due to freezing and riming. Extensive laboratory

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

498

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 3, 22072216, 2003 www.atmos-chem-phys.org/acp/3/2207/ Atmospheric  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ash formation and deposition during fludized bed combustion of willow, J. Aerosol Sci., 29, 445 the west coast of the Black Sea or from western Europe but later re- circulated above the west coast

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

499

Prepr. Pap.-Am. Chem. Soc., Div. Fuel Chem. 2004, 49 (2), xxxx NON-THERMAL PLASMA CATALYTIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hydrocarbons can be carried out in a number of ways: steam reforming, thermo-catalytic reforming, partial

500

Heterotic type IIA duality with fluxes - towards the complete story  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we study the heterotic type IIA duality when fluxes are turned on. We show that many of the known fluxes are dual to each other and claim that certain fluxes on the heterotic side require that the type IIA picture is lifted to M or even F-theory compactifications with geometric fluxes.

Andrei Micu

2010-09-13T23:59:59.000Z