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1

Sea Level Rise Media Release  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sea Level Rise Media Release Coverage Report 07/06/2009 Melting Ice Could Lead to Massive Waves 06/11/2009 Rising sea levels could see U.S. Atlantic coast cities make hard choices; Where to let Baltimore Chronicle & Sentinel, The 06/08/2009 Rapid rise in sea levels on East Coast predicted Pittsburgh

Hu, Aixue

2

Probability of sea level rise  

SciTech Connect

The report develops probability-based projections that can be added to local tide-gage trends to estimate future sea level at particular locations. It uses the same models employed by previous assessments of sea level rise. The key coefficients in those models are based on subjective probability distributions supplied by a cross-section of climatologists, oceanographers, and glaciologists.

Titus, J.G.; Narayanan, V.K.

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

CHARACTERIZING UNCERTAIN SEA LEVEL RISE PROJECTIONS TO  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CHARACTERIZING UNCERTAIN SEA LEVEL RISE PROJECTIONS TO SUPPORT INVESTMENT DECISIONS Many institutions worldwide are considering how to include expectations about future sea level rise sea level rise in its investment plans? Such extreme events--for instance, increased storm frequency

4

sea level rise | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

sea level rise sea level rise Home Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(1992) Super contributor 18 January, 2013 - 15:46 U.S. Global Change Research Program publishes "National Climate Assessment" report for United States climate change drought OpenEI sea level rise temperatures U.S. Global Climate Change program The U.S. Global Change Research Program, established under the Department of Commerce in 2010, and partnered with NOAA, released an extensive National Climate Assessment report, projecting future climate changes in the United States under different scenarios. The 1,200 page report highlights some rather grim findings about the future of climate change. Here are 5 of the more disconcerting graphics from the report: 1. U.S. Average Temperatures Syndicate content

5

Virginia Wetlands Report Sea Level Rise & Other Coastal Hazards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Virginia Wetlands Report Sea Level Rise & Other Coastal Hazards: The Risks of Coastal Living See. Climate change is bringing increased temperatures, rising sea level, more frequent storms and increased in tide levels. From these records it is not only clear that water levels are rising, they appear

6

Sea-Level Rise OF THE EFFECTS OF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Climate Change AND Sea-Level Rise IN Florida AN Update OF THE EFFECTS OF Climate Change ON FLORIDA to them. Florida Oceans and Coastal Council. 2010. Climate Change and Sea-Level Rise in Florida: An Update, sea-level rise, with the expectation that updates for increasing greenhouse gases, air temperature

7

Updating Maryland's Sea-level Rise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Updating Maryland's Sea-level Rise Projections Scientific and Technical Working Group Maryland Climate Change Commission June 26, 2013 #12;Sea-level Rise Expert Group Donald F. Boesch* , University-author of the National Assessment Scenarios report Author of paper(s) on recent sea-level rise ~ Author contributing

Ezer,Tal

8

Counting Rises, Levels and Drops in Compositions 1 Counting Rises, Levels and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Counting Rises, Levels and Drops in Compositions 1 Counting Rises, Levels and Drops in Compositions Mansour Department of Mathematics, Haifa University, Israel #12;Counting Rises, Levels and Drops;Counting Rises, Levels and Drops in Compositions 3 Definitions · A composition = 12 . . . m of n N

Heubach, Silvia

9

This Letter presented projections of future sea-level rise based on simulations of the past 22,000 years of sea-level history using a simple, empirical model linking sea-level rise to global mean-temperature anomalies. One of the main conclusions of the L  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This Letter presented projections of future sea-level rise based on simulations of the past 22,000 years of sea-level history using a simple, empirical model linking sea-level rise to global mean of sea-level rise during the twenty-first century that are reported in the Fourth Assessment Report

Siddall, Mark

10

Development of Sea Level Rise Scenarios for Climate Change Assessments...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sea Level Rise Scenarios for Climate Change Assessments of the Mekong Delta, Vietnam Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Development of Sea Level Rise...

11

Contemporary Sea Level Rise Anny Cazenave and William Llovel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Contemporary Sea Level Rise Anny Cazenave and William Llovel Laboratoire d'´etudes en g reserved 1941-1405/10/0115-0145$20.00 Key Words sea level rise, climate change, land ice melt, ocean we report on most recent results on contemporary sea level rise. We first present sea level

Siegel, David A.

12

Sea Level Rise Adaptation: From Climate Chaos to Climate Resilience  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sea Level Rise Adaptation: From Climate Chaos to Climate Resilience Human Dimensions and Ocean, 2013 #12;Main Discussion Points · How do we incorporate Sea-Level Rise into planning and regulatory actions? · What Does the new NRC Report on Sea- Level Rise mean to Decision-makers? · How does Sea-Level

Rohs, Remo

13

Energy Management Strategies for Fast Battery Temperature Rise...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Management Strategies for Fast Battery Temperature Rise and Engine Efficiency Improvement at Very Cold Conditions Energy Management Strategies for Fast Battery Temperature...

14

Estimating the Economic Cost of Sea-Level Rise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To improve the estimate of economic costs of future sea-level rise associated with global climate change,

Sugiyama, Masahiro.

15

ICE SHEET SOURCES OF SEA LEVEL RISE AND FRESHWATER DISCHARGE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ICE SHEET SOURCES OF SEA LEVEL RISE AND FRESHWATER DISCHARGE DURING THE LAST DEGLACIATION Anders E the sources of sea level rise and freshwater dis- charge to the global oceans associated with retreat of ice­10 m sea level rise at 19.0­19.5 ka, sourced largely from Northern Hemisphere ice sheet retreat

Carlson, Anders

16

CLIMATE CHANGE AND SEA LEVEL RISE SCENARIOS FOR CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CLIMATE CHANGE AND SEA LEVEL RISE SCENARIOS FOR CALIFORNIA VULNERABILITY AND ADAPTATION This white paper provides an evaluation of physical elements of climate change and sea level rise, and a range of sea level rise along the California coast. Keywords: California climate change

17

Sea-Level Rise, El Nio, And The Future Of The California Coastline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

City of Santa Barbara Sea-Level Rise Vulnerability Study.Projecting future sea level rise. California Climate Changeand responses to sea level rise. In Understanding Sea Level

Russell, Nicole Lian

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Temperature rise and safety considerations for radiation force ultrasound imaging  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Current models for estimating temperature increase during ultrasound exposure calculate the steady?state rise using time?averaged acoustic output as the worst case for safety consideration. While valid for the typically very short (microsecond) pulses used by conventional diagnostic techniques this analysis does not necessarily correspond to a worst case scenario for the longer pulses or pulse bursts used by a new method radiation force imaging. Radiation force imaging employing ultrasound pulse durations up to hundreds of milliseconds produces and detects motion in solid tissue or acoustic streaming in fluids via a high intensity beam. Models that calculate the transient temperature rise from these pulses are developed for both the bone at focus and soft tissue cases. Based on accepted timetemperature dose criteria it is shown that for pulse lengths and intensities utilized by this technique temperature may increase to levels that raise safety concerns for bone at the focus of the ultrasound beam. Also the impact on this modality of the current U.S. Food and Drug Administration output limits for diagnostic ultrasound devices is discussed.

Bruce A. Herman; Gerald R. Harris

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Rising Sea Levels Due to Global Warming Are Unstoppable  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rising Sea Levels Rising Sea Levels Due to Global Warming Are Unstoppable Rising Sea Levels Due to Global Warming Are Unstoppable Mitigation can slow down but not prevent sea level rise for centuries to come August 5, 2013 Contact: Linda Vu, Lvu@lbl.gov, +1 510 495 2402 washington.jpg Because seawater absorbs heat more slowly than the atmosphere above it, our oceans won't feel the full impact of the greenhouse gases already in the air for hundreds of years. Warm water expands, raising sea levels. (Courtesy W. Washington) Select to enlarge. A reduction in greenhouse gas emissions could greatly lessen the impacts of climate change. However, the gases already added to the atmosphere ensure a certain amount of sea level rise to come, even if future emissions are reduced. A study by National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)

20

Rising Sea Levels Due to Global Warming Are Unstoppable  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Levels Due to Global Warming Are Unstoppable Mitigation can slow down but not prevent sea level rise for centuries to come August 5, 2013 Contact: Linda Vu, Lvu@lbl.gov, +1 510 495...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level rise temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Estimating the economic cost of sea-level rise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(cont.) In the case of a classical linear sea-level rise of one meter per century, the use of DIVA generally decreases the protection fraction of the coastline, and results in a smaller protection cost because of high ...

Sugiyama, Masahiro, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Adapting to Rising Sea Level: A Florida Perspective  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Global climate change and concomitant rising sea level will have a profound impact on Floridas coastal and marine systems. Sea?level rise will increase erosion of beaches cause saltwater intrusion into water supplies inundate coastal marshes and other important habitats and make coastal property more vulnerable to erosion and flooding. Yet most coastal areas are currently managed under the premise that sea?level rise is not significant and the shorelines are static or can be fixed in place by engineering structures. The new reality of sea?level rise and extreme weather due to climate change requires a new style of planning and management to protect resources and reduce risk to humans. Scientists must: (1) assess existing coastal vulnerability to address short term management issues and (2) model future landscape change and develop sustainable plans to address long term planning and management issues. Furthermore this information must be effectively transferred to planners managers and elected officials to ensure their decisions are based upon the best available information. While there is still some uncertainty regarding the details of rising sea level and climate change development decisions are being made today which commit public and private investment in real estate and associated infrastructure. With a design life of 30 yrs to 75 yrs or more many of these investments are on a collision course with rising sea level and the resulting impacts will be significant. In the near term the utilization of engineering structures may be required but these are not sustainable and must ultimately yield to managed withdrawal programs if higher sea?level elevations or rates of rise are forthcoming. As an initial step towards successful adaptation coastal management and planning documents (i.e. comprehensive plans) must be revised to include reference to climate change and rising sea?level.

Randall W. Parkinson

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Rising global temperatures accelerate drought-induced forest mortality  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Drought-induced forest mortality Drought-induced forest mortality Rising global temperatures accelerate drought-induced forest mortality Many southwestern forests in the United States will disappear or be heavily altered by 2050, according to a series of joint LANL-UNM studies. July 10, 2013 Piñon trees show increased susceptibility to drought when also subjected to rising temperatures. Piñon trees show increased susceptibility to drought when also subjected to rising temperatures. Contact Nancy Ambrosiano Communications Office (505) 667-0471 Email "Everybody knows trees die when there's a drought, if there's bark beetles or fire, yet nobody in the world can predict it with much accuracy." Research has dire global implications for forests LOS ALAMOS, N. M., July 10, 2013- Many southwestern forests in the United

24

Rising global temperatures accelerate drought-induced forest mortality  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Drought-induced forest mortality Drought-induced forest mortality Rising global temperatures accelerate drought-induced forest mortality Many southwestern forests in the United States will disappear or be heavily altered by 2050, according to a series of joint LANL-UNM studies. July 10, 2013 Piñon trees show increased susceptibility to drought when also subjected to rising temperatures. Piñon trees show increased susceptibility to drought when also subjected to rising temperatures. Contact Nancy Ambrosiano Communications Office (505) 667-0471 Email "Everybody knows trees die when there's a drought, if there's bark beetles or fire, yet nobody in the world can predict it with much accuracy." Research has dire global implications for forests LOS ALAMOS, N. M., July 10, 2013- Many southwestern forests in the United

25

Computational analysis of temperature rise phenomena in electric induction motors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computational analysis of temperature rise phenomena in electric induction motors Ying Huai Institute, University of Southern Denmark, Grundvigs Alle 150, Sonderborg, DK-6400, Denmark c Danfoss Drives A/S, Denmark Received 12 October 2002; accepted 20 December 2002 Abstract In developing electric

Melnik, Roderick

26

Subsidence, Sea Level Rise, and Seismicity in the SacramentoSan Joaquin Delta  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

butions to global sea level rise. Nature 428:406-409. Mount420. Reed DJ. 2002a. Sea-level rise and coastal marsh sus-MARCH 2005 Subsidence, Sea Level Rise, and Seismicity in the

Mount, Jeffrey; Twiss, Robert

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Assessment of Seawater Intrusion Potential From Sea-level Rise in Coastal Aquifers of California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2009). Impact of Sea-Level Rise on Sea Water Intrusion inC. (1997). Global Sea Level Rise: A Redetermination. Surveys2007). Effects of sea-level rise on groundwater flow in a

Loiciga, Hugo A; Pingel, Thomas J; Garcia, Elizabeth S

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Potential Inundation Due to Rising Sea Levels in the San Francisco Bay Region  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

impact of accelerated sea level rise on San Francisco Bay.change scenarios and sea level rise estimates for thedistribution of sea level rise over the 19502000 period.

Knowles, Noah

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

On the Rates of Sea Level Rise -- Clues From the Distant Past  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

vulnerable to sea level rise, with wetlands surrounded byA Just how much will sea level rise in the current century?on warming and tying sea level rise to such warming, gets

Berger, Wolfgang H

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

"Half Seas Over": The Impact of Sea Level Rise on International Law and Policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

other ramifications of sea level rise. As the overview ofintro. 1960). SEA LEVEL RISE beneath the sea, immersedZONE ACTIVmES AND SEA LEVEL RISE I (Envi- ronment and Policy

Menefee, Samuel Pyeatt

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

New Pilot Study on Sea Level Rise Offers Approach That Can Help...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pilot Study on Sea Level Rise Offers Approach That Can Help Communities Assess Possible Impact of Sea Level Rise on Energy Assets New Pilot Study on Sea Level Rise Offers Approach...

32

Acceleration of the contribution of the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets to sea level rise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

make a large sea?level rise contribu- tion, Geophys. Res.and Antarctic ice sheets to sea level rise E. Rignot, 1,2 I.ice sheets to sea level rise, Geophys. Res. Lett. , 38,

Rignot, E.; Velicogna, I.; van den Broeke, M. R; Monaghan, A.; Lenaerts, J. T. M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

MEAN TEMPERATURE RISE IN A TARGET Keith Symon LS-99  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

KS (7 -24-87) KS (7 -24-87) MEAN TEMPERATURE RISE IN A TARGET Keith Symon LS-99 July 1987 The equation which determines the equilibrium temperature distribution in a cylindrically symmetrical target, if we deposit an average power J(r) inside radius r, is ) = dT J(r -2'ITrtK Or' where K is the thermal conductivity and t is the length of the target. The temperature is then T = T - 1 J J(r)dr o 2'ITKt 0 r If we deposit power uniformly in a cylinder of radius a, then where J o is the total T J 0 r2 I a 2 , r .;; a , J (r) = J o r ) a, power del i vered. The temperature is J r2 T - 0 0 2 , r .;; a, 4'ITda = T - J o (1 + 2 tn ria), r ) a. 0 4'ITKt then If the target boundary at r = b is held at a temperature Tb' then the temperature rise at the center is (1) (2 ) (3)

34

SEA LEVEL RISE, COASTAL RISK, ADAPTATION OPTIONS TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 2014  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SEA LEVEL RISE, COASTAL RISK, ADAPTATION OPTIONS TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 2014 For More Information@odu.edu "Sea Level Rise, Coastal Risk, and Adaptation Options" "Looking at what we know about sea level rise will be explored. A special look will be taken at the Philippines and its situation with sea level rise." Skip

35

COUNTING DESCENTS, RISES, AND LEVELS, WITH PRESCRIBED FIRST ELEMENT, IN WORDS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COUNTING DESCENTS, RISES, AND LEVELS, WITH PRESCRIBED FIRST ELEMENT, IN WORDS Sergey Kitaev1 the distribution of descents, levels, and rises according to whether the first letter of the descent, rise 0654060 1 #12;2 COUNTING DESCENTS, RISES, AND LEVELS, WITH PRESCRIBED FIRST ELEMENT, IN WORDS Subsequently

Kitaev, Sergey

36

Contact and temperature rise of thermal flying height control sliders in hard disk drives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Contact and interfacial temperature rise upon slider-disk contact in hard disk drives is investigated using thermal flying height control (TFC) sliders. To achieve ... increasing bias. The temperature rise during...

Liane Matthes; Uwe Boettcher; Bernhard Knigge

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Spatial variability of sea level rise due to water impoundment behind dams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Click Here for Full Article Spatial variability of sea level rise due to water impoundment behind global sea level by 30.0 mm and decreasing the rate of sea level rise. The load from impounded water change on sea level rise sources, which include thermal expansion of seawater and the melting of glaciers

Conrad, Clint

38

Svalbard glacier elevation changes and contribution to sea level rise Christopher Nuth,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Svalbard glacier elevation changes and contribution to sea level rise Christopher Nuth,1 Geir contribution to global sea level rise of 0.026 mm yr?1 sea level equivalent. Citation: Nuth, C., G. Moholdt, J level rise, J. Geophys. Res., 115, F01008, doi:10.1029/2008JF001223. 1. Introduction [2] The most recent

Kääb, Andreas

39

Coastal flood damage and adaptation costs under 21st century sea-level rise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Coastal flood damage and adaptation costs under 21st century sea-level rise Jochen Hinkela,1st century sea-level rise are assessed on a global scale taking into account a wide range- ment and sea-level rise. Uncertainty in global mean and regional sea level was derived from four

Marzeion, Ben

40

PALeo-constraints on SEA-level rise (PALSEA) -a PAGES/IMAGES working group  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PALeo-constraints on SEA-level rise (PALSEA) - a PAGES/IMAGES working group Coordinators: Mark for the reduction in ice sheets and subsequent rise in sea level over the next century are highly uncertain rise. Interglacial sea levels constrain the global sensitivity of sea-level to radiative forcing. Well

Siddall, Mark

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level rise temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

ELSEVIER Marine Geology 124 (1995) 137-159 A sea-level rise curve  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ELSEVIER Marine Geology 124 (1995) 137-159 A sea-level rise curve Koren R. Nydick, Alison B. from emissions of greenhouse gases. 1. Introduction 1.1. Climate and sea-level rise Global sea level has been of peat deposits in salt marshes provide insight into the rates of relative sea-level rise (RSLR

Royer, Dana

42

Effect of Sea Level Rise on Energy Infrastructure in Four Major...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Effect of Sea Level Rise on Energy Infrastructure in Four Major Metropolitan Areas Effect of Sea Level Rise on Energy Infrastructure in Four Major Metropolitan Areas The Office of...

43

E-Print Network 3.0 - accelerated sea-level rise Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

sea-level rise Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: accelerated sea-level rise Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 The EGU General Assembly 2009...

44

Earth'sFuture Sea level rise and its coastal impacts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Earth'sFuture Sea level rise and its coastal impacts Anny Cazenave1 and Gonéri Le Cozannet2 1LEGOS and land ice melt in turn are causing sea level to rise. Sea level rise and its impacts on coastal zones and public. In this review paper, we summarize the most up-to-date knowledge about sea level rise and its

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

45

Final Report for Sea-level Rise Response Modeling for San Francisco Bay Estuary Tidal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

i Final Report for Sea-level Rise Response Modeling for San Francisco Bay Estuary Tidal Marshes Refuge in northern San Francisco Bay, California. #12;iii Final Report for Sea-level Rise Response)................................................................... 7 Sea-level rise scenario model inputs

Fleskes, Joe

46

Rapid sea level rise along the Antarctic margins driven by increased glacial1 Supplementary material4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rapid sea level rise along the Antarctic margins driven by increased glacial1 discharge2 3 of the signal of anomalously rapid sea level rise in the41 Antarctic subpolar seas at the core of this study.42, the Antarctic coastal sea level rise signal is significantly different from47 zero with 95% confidence

Naveira Garabato, Alberto

47

Assessment of Inundation Risk from Sea Level Rise and Storm Surge in Northeastern Coastal National Parks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Assessment of Inundation Risk from Sea Level Rise and Storm Surge in Northeastern Coastal National of inundation risk from sea level rise and storm surge in northeastern coastal national parks. Journal of Coastal Research, 00(0), 000­000. Coconut Creek (Florida), ISSN 0749-0208. Sea level rise and an increase

Wang, Y.Q. "Yeqiao"

48

Abrupt Climate Change linked to Sea-level Rise from Freshwater  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abrupt Climate Change linked to Sea-level Rise from Freshwater Outbursts affecting the THC Matt-sheet decay, sea-level rise and abrupt climate change · Torbjorn E. Tornqvist, Marc P. Hijma, 2012. Reduced) Flesche Kleiven, et al., 2008. #12;Overview · Holocene sea level rise · Tornqvist and Hijima ­ Lake

Fountain, Andrew G.

49

Does sea-level rise have an impact on saltwater intrusion? Sun Woo Chang a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Does sea-level rise have an impact on saltwater intrusion? Sun Woo Chang a , T. Prabhakar Clement a 22 June 2011 Keywords: Saltwater intrusion Sea-level rise Coastal aquifer Climate change Confined, the adverse intrusion effects induced by sea-level rise. A detailed numerical study using the MODFLOW

Clement, Prabhakar

50

Infilling and flooding of the Mekong River incised valley during deglacial sea-level rise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Infilling and flooding of the Mekong River incised valley during deglacial sea-level rise Rik is related with the low shelf gradient and a strong acceleration of the East Asian sea-level rise from 34 depositional systems change into estuaries and eventually drown when sea-level rise overtakes the sediment

Wetzel, Andreas

51

Effective sea-level rise and deltas: Causes of change and human dimension implications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effective sea-level rise and deltas: Causes of change and human dimension implications Jason P January 2006 Abstract An assessment is made of contemporary effective sea-level rise (ESLR) for a sample of eustatic sea-level rise, the natural gross rate of fluvial sediment deposition and subsidence

New Hampshire, University of

52

ENUMERATION OF PARTITIONS BY RISES, LEVELS AND DESCENTS Toufik Mansour and Augustine O. Munagi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ENUMERATION OF PARTITIONS BY RISES, LEVELS AND DESCENTS Toufik Mansour and Augustine O. Munagi of integers, we study this statistic among the set partitions, as well as the numbers of rises and levels. We the statistics of numbers of rises, levels and descents among set partitions expressed as canonical sequences

Breuer, Florian

53

Adaptive Management of Migratory Birds Under Sea Level Rise Samuel Nicol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Adaptive Management of Migratory Birds Under Sea Level Rise Samuel Nicol CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences the East Asian-Australasian flyway given uncertainty about the rate of sea level rise. The non-Australasian (EAA) fly- way given uncertainty about the rate of sea level rise and its effect on shorebird

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

54

Coastal Inundation due to Tide, Surge, Waves, and Sea Level Rise at Naval Station Norfolk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Coastal Inundation due to Tide, Surge, Waves, and Sea Level Rise at Naval Station Norfolk Honghai of future sea level rise (SLR) scenarios and to evaluate the potential coastal inundation at Naval Station and sea level rise threats to coastal residents and coastal military facilities, the US Strategic

US Army Corps of Engineers

55

RISES, LEVELS, DROPS AND "+" SIGNS IN COMPOSITIONS: EXTENSIONS OF A PAPER BY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RISES, LEVELS, DROPS AND "+" SIGNS IN COMPOSITIONS: EXTENSIONS OF A PAPER BY ALLADI AND HOGGATT S, levels (a summand followed by itself), rises (a summand followed by a larger one), and drops (a summand of levels, rises and drops for compositions, as well as interesting connections between these quantities

Heubach, Silvia

56

Meteorologically driven trends in sea level rise Alexander S. Kolker1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Meteorologically driven trends in sea level rise Alexander S. Kolker1 and Sultan Hameed2 Received] Determining the rate of global sea level rise (GSLR) during the past century is critical to understanding a suite of coastal oceanographic processes. These findings reduce variability in regional sea level rise

Hameed, Sultan

57

Anthropogenic forcing dominates sea level rise since 1850 S. Jevrejeva,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Anthropogenic forcing dominates sea level rise since 1850 S. Jevrejeva,1 A. Grinsted,2 and J. C October 2009. [1] The rate of sea level rise and its causes are topics of active debate. Here we use 200 years sea level rise is mostly associated with anthropogenic factors. Only 4 ± 1.5 cm (25

Binford, Michael W.

58

Sea level rise implications on shoreline changes: expectations from a retrospective analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sea level rise implications on shoreline changes: expectations from a retrospective analysis Gonéri de Recherche et de Formation en Calcul Scientifique (Cerfacs) Sea level rise is a major consequence level rise is up to 3 times the global mean rate (estimated as 3.5 mm per year since the early 1990s

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

59

Estimating the economic cost of sea-level rise Masahiro Sugiyama  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Estimating the economic cost of sea-level rise by Masahiro Sugiyama Bachelor of Science in Earth To improve the estimate of economic costs of future sea-level rise associated with global climate change, the thesis generalizes the sea-level rise cost function originally proposed by Fankhauser, and applies

60

Thermosteric sea level rise, 19552003 J. I. Antonov, S. Levitus, and T. P. Boyer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermosteric sea level rise, 1955­­2003 J. I. Antonov, S. Levitus, and T. P. Boyer National/year to global sea level rise. About half of this thermosteric trend is due to warming of the Atlantic Ocean), Thermosteric sea level rise, 1955­2003, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L12602, doi:10.1029/2005GL023112. 1

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level rise temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

A New Model to Construct Ice Stream Surface Elevation Profiles and Calculate Contributions to Sea-Level Rise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to 21st-Century Sea-Level Rise. Science, 321, 1340; DOI:in the Face of Sea-Level Rise: A Hybrid Modeling Approachof ice sheets to sea-level rise. Bibliography Alcamo, J. et

Adachi, Yosuke

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

A Comparative Study of Passive versus Dynamic Sea-Level Rise Inundation Models for the Island of Kauai  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Consequences of sea-level rise and coastal erosion,Cultivated Crops Sea-level rise (m) Table 16 Waimea landCouncil, 2012, Sea-Level Rise for the Coasts of California,

Bezore, Rhiannon Victoria Ann

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Shoreface Morphodynamics, Back Beach Variability, and Implications of Future Sea-Level Rise for California's Sandy Shorelines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

change scenarios and sea-level rise estimates for thePilkey, O.H. (2004) Sea-level rise and shoreline retreat:and multi-decadal sea-level rise, Nature 453:1090-1093.

Harden, Erika Lynne

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Contribution of Alaskan glaciers to sea-level rise derived from satellite imagery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Contribution of Alaskan glaciers to sea-level rise derived from satellite imagery BERTHIER E.1 level rise derived from satellite imagery. Nature Geoscience, 3(2), 92-95, doi: 10.1038/ngeo737, 2010 glaciers lost 41.9 ± 8.6 km3 yr-1 of water, and contributed 0.12 ± 0.02mm yr-1 to sea-level rise, 34% less

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

65

Rapid Rise of Sea Level 19,000 Years Ago and Its Global Implications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rapid Rise of Sea Level 19,000 Years Ago and Its Global Implications Peter U. Clark,1* A. Marshall of an abrupt rise in sea level (meltwater pulse) at 19,000 years before the present (B.P.). Climate records level rise of 10 to 15 m at 19,000 years B.P. (1) (Fig. 1). (Unless otherwise indicated, all ages

Kurapov, Alexander

66

Mangroves, Mudbanks and Seawalls: Political Ecology of Adaptation to Sea Level Rise in Suriname.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study seeks to understand how global discourses of sea level rise (SLR) and mangrove ecology influence national climate change adaptation policy to reduce coastal (more)

Nijbroek, Ravic

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

TECHNICAL PAPER Contact and temperature rise of thermal flying height control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TECHNICAL PAPER Contact and temperature rise of thermal flying height control sliders in hard disk the flying height in hard disk drives (HDDs) has decreased to only a few nanometers, intermittent contacts Abstract Contact and interfacial temperature rise upon slider-disk contact in hard disk drives

Fainman, Yeshaiahu

68

Phase change materials for limiting temperature rise in building integrated photovoltaics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Elevated operating temperatures reduce the solar to electrical conversion efficiency of photovoltaic devices. This paper presents an experimental evaluation of phase change materials for thermal management of photovoltaic devices. Two particular phase change materials were used to moderate the temperature rise of photovoltaics. The thermal performance of different internal fin arrangements for improving bulk PCM thermal conductivity are presented. Using RT25 with internal fins, the temperature rise of the PV/PCM system can be reduced by more than 30C when compared with the datum of a single flat aluminium plate during phase change. Phase change materials are shown to be an effective means of limiting temperature rise in photovoltaic devices.

M.J. Huang; P.C. Eames; B. Norton

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

New Pilot Study on Sea Level Rise Offers Approach That Can Help Communities Assess Possible Impact of Sea Level Rise on Energy Assets  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

As part of our commitment to improve the resilience of our electric grid in the face of extreme weather events, OE has released findings of a pilot study that explores the feasibility of assessing the impacts of sea level rise on energy infrastructure. The goal of our study was to develop a method to identify energy facilities exposed to sea level rise (SLR) through 2100 that is flexible and scalable, uses existing and robust data sources, accounts for global and local sea level changes, and can incorporate results from regional studies.

70

Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science DMTCS vol. 10:3, 2008, 122 Counting descents, rises, and levels, with  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, rises, and levels, with prescribed first element, in words Sergey Kitaev1 and Toufik Mansour2 and Jeff of descents, levels, and rises according to whether the first letter of the descent, rise, or level lies in Ni some of the results by Burstein and Mansour. Keywords: descent, level, rise, set partition, word

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

71

Reconciling multidecadal land-sea global temperature with rising CO2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reconciling multidecadal land-sea global temperature with rising CO2 Vaughan Pratt Stanford CO2 1 / 29 #12;Goal Additional insight into 1 Similarity of the 1860-1880 & 1910-1940 rises to 1970-2000. 2 The recent pause (2001-2013). 3 No sign of 3 C per doubling of CO2. Simple reasoning (no opaque

Pratt, Vaughan

72

Reconciling multidecadal land-sea global temperature with rising CO2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reconciling multidecadal land-sea global temperature with rising CO2 Vaughan Pratt Stanford CO2 1 / 35 #12;Goal Additional insight into 1 Similarity of the 1860-1880 & 1910-1940 rises to 1970-2000. 2 The recent pause 3 No sign of 3 C per doubling of CO2. Some applicable audiences: Average reader

Pratt, Vaughan

73

Effect of Sea Level Rise on Energy Infrastructure in Four Major Metropolitan Areas (September 2014)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability has released findings of a pilot study that explores the feasibility of assessing the impacts of sea level rise on energy infrastructure. The goal of the study was to develop a method to identify energy facilities exposed to sea level rise (SLR) through 2100 that is flexible and scalable, uses existing and robust data sources, accounts for global and local sea level changes, and can incorporate results from regional studies.

74

Cost-Effective Methods for Accurate Determination of Sea Level Rise Vulnerability: A Solomon Islands Example  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For millions of people living along the coastal fringe, sea level rise is perhaps the greatest threat to livelihoods over the coming century. With the refinement and downscaling of global climate models and increasing availability of airborne-...

Simon Albert; Kirsten Abernethy; Badin Gibbes; Alistair Grinham; Nixon Tooler; Shankar Aswani

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Effect of Sea Level Rise on Energy Infrastructure in Four Major Metropolitan Areas  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability has released findings of a pilot study that explores the feasibility of assessing the impacts of sea level rise on energy infrastructure....

76

Preliminary global assessment of terrestrial biodiversity consequences of sea level rise mediated by climate change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Considerable attention has focused on the climatic effects of global climate change on biodiversity, but few analyses and no broad assessments have evaluated the effects of sea level rise on biodiversity. Taking advantage of new maps of marine...

Menon, Shaily; Soberó n, Jorge; Li, Xingong; Peterson, A. Townsend

2010-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

77

SciTech Connect: Predicting Land-Ice Retreat and Sea-Level Rise...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Conference: Predicting Land-Ice Retreat and Sea-Level Rise with the Community Earth System Model Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Predicting Land-Ice Retreat and...

78

Energy Performance and Comfort Level in High Rise and Highly Glazed Office Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermal and visual comfort in buildings play a significant role on occupants' performance but on the other hand achieving energy savings and high comfort levels can be a quite difficult task especially in high rise buildings with highly glazed...

Bayraktar, M.; Perino, M.; Yilmaz, A. Z.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Organ Trade : sea level rise adaptation strategies for the San Francisco Bay Area  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is not only coastal conditions, but inland ones, that can inform an approach to and process of wetland adaptation in the face of sea level rise. A particular watershed clip in Alameda County, located in South San Francisco ...

Ungureanu, Cristina

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Shore & Beach Vol. 77, No. 4 Fall 2009 Page 1 ea-level rise (SLR) has received  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Shore & Beach Vol. 77, No. 4 Fall 2009 Page 1 S ea-level rise (SLR) has received considerable that is typically 50 years, and it Sea level rise and consequences for navigable coastal inlets By Julie D. Rosati.C.Kraus@usace.army.mil ABSTRACT Global sea level is expected to rise over the next 100 years. Changes in sea level will alter

US Army Corps of Engineers

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level rise temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

A PRACTICAL APPROACH TO MAPPING EXTREME WAVE INUNDATION: CONSEQUENCES OF SEA-LEVEL RISE AND COASTAL EROSION.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A PRACTICAL APPROACH TO MAPPING EXTREME WAVE INUNDATION: CONSEQUENCES OF SEA-LEVEL RISE AND COASTAL and the influence of sea-level rise and coastal erosion. The concept is presented for windward Oahu, Hawai in future inundation levels. INTRODUCTION Sea-level rise of 0.5-1.4 m (Rahmstorf 2007) is expected

Wang, Yuqing

82

Dynamical suppression of sea level rise along the Pacific coast of North America: Indications for imminent acceleration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamical suppression of sea level rise along the Pacific coast of North America: Indications changes in global mean sea level (MSL) rise have important practical implications for shoreline and beach occurred after the mid1970s regime shift, can account for the suppression of regional sea level rise along

Bromirski, Peter D.

83

Late Glacial to Preboreal sea-level rise recorded by the previous termRhne deltaic systemnext term  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Late Glacial to Preboreal sea-level rise recorded by the previous termRhône deltaic systemnext term by progradation initiated during the first phase of the Younger Dryas, a period of reduced sea-level rise or stillstand. The delta kept pace with resumed sea-level rise during the Preboreal (which is estimated at about

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

84

Climate scenarios of sea level rise for the northeast Atlantic Ocean: a study including the effects of ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Climate scenarios of sea level rise for the northeast Atlantic Ocean: a study including the effects. Here we present a set of regional climate scenarios of sea level rise for the northeast Atlantic Ocean best estimate of twenty-first century sea level rise in the northeast Atlantic Ocean, given the current

Drijfhout, Sybren

85

PUBLISHED ONLINE: 26 JULY 2009 | DOI: 10.1038/NGEO587 Constraints on future sea-level rise from past  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LETTERS PUBLISHED ONLINE: 26 JULY 2009 | DOI: 10.1038/NGEO587 Constraints on future sea-level rise to project sea-level rise in response to warming climates by the end of the century, especially because­24 cm of sea-level rise during the twentieth century, in agreement with the Fourth Assessment Report

Siddall, Mark

86

19 HASTINGS WEST NORTHWEST J. ENVTL. L. & POL'Y 463 (2013) COMBATING SEA-LEVEL RISE IN SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

19 HASTINGS WEST NORTHWEST J. ENVTL. L. & POL'Y 463 (2013) 1 COMBATING SEA-LEVEL RISE IN SOUTHERN governments will make choices that will shape the region's resilience to sea-level rise. To implement of adaptation actions and sea-level rise itself. This article identifies how local governments can harness legal

Rohs, Remo

87

Bursting the Bubble of Doom and Adapting to Sea Level Rise Randall W. Parkinson, Ph.D., P.G.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

March 2010 Bursting the Bubble of Doom and Adapting to Sea Level Rise Randall W. Parkinson, Ph of Geological Sciences Florida State University Tallahassee, Florida Introduction Late Holocene sea level rise to adapt to sea level rise or for that matter any of the other elements of climate change. In light

Donoghue, Joseph

88

Gulf Stream's induced sea level rise and variability along the U.S. mid-Atlantic coast  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gulf Stream's induced sea level rise and variability along the U.S. mid-Atlantic coast Tal Ezer,1 that the rates of sea level rise (SLR) along the U.S. mid-Atlantic coast have accelerated in recent decades along the coast. The study suggests that regional coastal sea level rise projections due to climate

Ezer,Tal

89

Dynamic response of marshes to perturbations in suspended sediment concentrations and rates of relative sea level rise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of relative sea level rise A. D'Alpaos,1 S. M. Mudd,2,3 and L. Carniello4 Received 18 May 2011; revised 5 in suspended sediment concentrations, plant productivity, and the rate of relative sea level rise (RSLR in suspended sediment concentrations and rates of relative sea level rise, J. Geophys. Res., 116, F04020, doi

90

Effect of sea-level rise on piping plover (Charadrius melodus) breeding habitat Jennifer R. Seavey a,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effect of sea-level rise on piping plover (Charadrius melodus) breeding habitat Jennifer R. Seavey, threatening many low-lying coastal areas and associated wildlife. We assessed the threat of sea-level rise sys- tems because of their vulnerability to sea-level rise (Farbotko, 2010; Nicholls et al., 2007

McGarigal, Kevin

91

Assessing the Uncertainty in Projecting Local Mean Sea Level from Global Temperature  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The process of moving from an ensemble of global climate model temperature projections to local sea level projections requires several steps. Sea level was estimated in Olympia, Washington (a city that is very concerned with sea level rise because ...

Peter Guttorp; Alex Januzzi; Marie Novak; Harry Podschwit; Lee Richardson; Colin D. Sowder; Aaron Zimmerman; David Bolin; Aila Srkk

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

The rising cost of warming waters: effects of temperature on the cost of swimming in fishes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Global change biology 1001 25 60 14 The rising cost of warming waters: effects of temperature on the cost of swimming in fishes Andrew M. Hein * Katrina...respond to global climate change. Metabolic cost of transport (COT)-a measure of the energy...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Storm flooding sensitivity to sea level rise for Galveston Bay, Texas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The combination of sea level rise and population growth in coastal regions makes it essential to continue improving flood management strategies. Flooding estimates must take into account both local vertical land motion and estimated rates of sea level rise linked to global climate change. Several extreme value distributions are compared using multiple statistical measures for the modeling of maximum annual storm surges based on the 105-year record of Galveston Pier 21, Texas. Increases in inundation frequencies are computed based on two possible sea level rise scenarios, a conservative linear continuation of the past century trend, and a scenario based on the upper limit of the sea level range in the IPCC AR4 report, i.e. the A1FI scenario. The research shows that by the year 2100 exceedance probabilities may double for the impact of the largest storms such as Hurricane Ike, but may increase by 67 times for the smaller surges associated locally with the impact of storms such as Hurricanes Cindy, Alicia, and Rita. While individually not as devastating or costly as large hurricanes, the cumulative and regular cost of smaller surge events could well be a bigger threat to coastal communities as sea level rises.

Natalya N. Warner; Philippe E. Tissot

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Global and regional exposure to large rises in sea-level: a sensitivity analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, but investment in the protection is required. While the costs of sea-level rise increase due to greater damage protection, investment is diverted from other uses. Much research remains to refine our understanding International Max Planck Research School on Earth System Modelling, Hamburg, Germany Research Unit

Watson, Andrew

95

Sea level rise in the Severn Estuary and Bristol Channel and impacts of a Severn Barrage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Many research projects in recent years have focused on marine renewable energy devices and structures due to the growing interest in marine renewable energy. These devices and structures have very different life spans. Schemes such as the Severn Barrage in the UK, as originally proposed by the Severn Tidal Power Group (STPG), would be the largest tidal renewable energy generation project in the world and would be operational for well over a century if built. Due to the long working life of some of these marine renewable energy schemes, it is important to study the impacts of climate change on such schemes, and particularly sea level rise. This study focuses on investigating the impacts of sea level rise due to climate change on the largest macro-tidal estuary in the UK, namely the Severn Estuary and Bristol Channel, and the alterations of the impacts and the performance of the Severn Barrage as a result of climate change. A hierarchy of computer models was implemented to identify the more localised impacts of climate change in the region of the study. Moreover, the potential benefits of the barrage on reducing flood risk, as well as the impact of climate change and the barrage on intertidal mudflats were investigated. The model predictions showed that the barrage would reduce flood risk due to the sea level rise. Furthermore, annual power output and the initial reduction in flood risk of the barrage would not be affected by sea level rise.

Reza Ahmadian; Agnieszka I. Olbert; Michael Hartnett; Roger A. Falconer

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Experimental Study on the Temperature Distribution in an Emergency Staircase of High-rise Building  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract High-rise building safety has drawn public attention due to the occurrence of many catastrophic fires, to study the temperature distribution in the emergency staircase of a high-rise building in an accident, a set of experiments were conducted in a scaled building model. The window state in the staircase has a significant effect on the temperature distribution. When the window in the staircase is opened, the temperatures below the fire source floor almost maintain the ambient temperature during the whole period, but the temperatures above the fire source increase quickly and finally reach a quasi steady stage due to the stack effect. Moreover, if the doors below the fire source are opened, the fresh air flow into the staircase and decrease the temperature. On the contrary, when all windows in the staircase are closed, the doors state has a slight effect on the temperature distribution in the staircase. Because of the absence of the stack effect, the temperatures are low and the temperature attenuation coefficient ? is larger.

W.X. Shi; J. Ji; J.H. Sun; S.M. Lo; C.G. Fan; L.J. Li

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Is sea level rise accelerating in the Chesapeake Bay? A demonstration of a novel new approach for analyzing sea level data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Is sea level rise accelerating in the Chesapeake Bay? A demonstration of a novel new approach are used to test a novel new analysis method for studies of sea level rise (SLR). The method, based of flooding in recent years. Because of sea level rise (SLR), high tides or storm surges that caused little

Ezer,Tal

98

Impact of a sea level rise on the coasts of Singapore: preliminary observations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Singapore is an island state with important centres of population, industries, commerce, ports and airports concentrated in its coastal areas of less than 2 m in elevation. Although tidal records for almost 20 yr do not show any increase in sea level, this paper considers and examines the possible impact of a sea level rise of one metre in Singapore. To date, the government has not announced any project relating to sea level rise. Specific research needs are difficult to forecast but are likely to be in three areas: coastal protection measures; and the developed or populated areas and reclaimed land; anti-salt intrusion measures for coastal reservoirs: and flood-prevention measures for major canals.

P.P. Wong

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

China Camp's race against the tides: Predicting tidal marsh survival through comparison of project sea level rise elevations and sediment accretion rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with 55 inches of sea level rise and continued average marshthe Costs of Adapting to Sea Level Rise: A Case Study of San2009. The Impacts of Sea-Level Rise on the California Coast.

Hannah, Whitney; Kuhn, Marlene

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Modeling Tidal Marsh Distribution with Sea-Level Rise: Evaluating the Role of Vegetation, Sediment, and Upland Habitat in Marsh Resiliency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and 180 cm/century sea-level rise at mid suspended sedimentCouncil (2012) Sea-level rise for the coasts of California,to projecting future sea-level rise. Science 315: 368370.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level rise temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Evaluating Tidal Marsh Sustainability in the Face of Sea-Level Rise: A Hybrid Modeling Approach Applied to San Francisco Bay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

wetland losses due to sea-level rise: regional and global2009) The impact of sea level rise on developing countries:Coastal impacts due to sea-level rise. Annu Rev Earth Pl Sc

Kelly, Maggi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Simplified 1-D Hydrodynamic and Salinity Transport Modeling of the SacramentoSan Joaquin Delta: Sea Level Rise and Water Diversion Effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

salinity simulations of sea level rise scenarios. AppendixSan Joaquin Delta: Sea Level Rise and Water Diversiona 1-D model of sea level rise in an estuary must account for

Fleenor, William E.; Bombardelli, Fabian

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Past and future sea-level rise along the coast of North Carolina, United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Focusing on factors that cause relative sea-level (RSL) rise to differ from the global mean, we evaluate RSL trajectories for North Carolina, United States, in the context of tide gauge and geological sea-level proxy records spanning the last $\\mathord{\\sim}$11,000 years. RSL rise was fastest ($\\mathord{\\sim}$7 mm/yr) during the early Holocene and decreased over time. During the Common Era before the 19th century, RSL rise ($\\mathord{\\sim}$0.7 to 1.1 mm/yr) was driven primarily by glacio-isostatic adjustment, dampened by tectonic uplift along the Cape Fear Arch. Ocean/atmosphere dynamics caused centennial variability of up to $\\mathord{\\sim}$0.6 mm/yr around the long-term rate. It is extremely likely (probability $P = 0.95$) that 20th century RSL rise at Sand Point, NC, (2.8 $\\pm$ 0.5 mm/yr) was faster than during any other century in $\\geq2,900$ years. Projections based on a fusion of process models, statistical models, expert elicitation and expert assessment indicate that RSL at Wilmington, NC, is very lik...

Kopp, Robert E; Kemp, Andrew C; Tebaldi, Claudia

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Sea Level Rise at Sites in UK: 1850 - 2008 | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

13 13 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142263513 Varnish cache server Sea Level Rise at Sites in UK: 1850 - 2008 Dataset Summary Description This dataset, made available by the UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC), shows sea level rise for the period as early as 1834 through 2008 for the following UK sites: Aberdeen, Liverpool, Newlyn, North Shields, and Sheerness. Data is from the Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory. Earliest year of available data varies by site, beginning between 1834 and 1916. Source UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) Date Released March 12th, 2010 (4 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords climate change

105

The use of ducts to improve the control of supply air temperature rise in UFAD systems: CFD and lab study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Cool supply air flowing through the underfloor plenum is exposed to heat gain from both the concrete slab (conducted from the warm return air on the adjacent floor below the slab) and the raised floor panels (conducted from the warmer room above). The magnitude of this heat gain can be quite high, resulting in undesirable loss of control of the supply air temperature from the plenum into the occupied space. These warmer supply air temperatures can make it more difficult to maintain comfort in the occupied space (without increasing airflow rates), particularly in perimeter zones where cooling loads reach their highest levels. How to predict plenum thermal performance is one of the key design issues facing practicing engineers evidence from completed projects indicates that excessive temperature rise in the plenum can be a problem. One of the recommended strategies for addressing temperature rise in UFAD systems is the use of ductwork (flexible or rigid) within the underfloor plenum to deliver cool air preferentially to perimeter zones or other critical areas of high cooling demand. Several experiments were carried out in a full-scale underfloor plenum test facility, in order to characterize all the phenomena that take place in an underfloor plenum equipped with a fabric or metal duct. Experimental data were collected for validation of a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model of the plenum. This paper describes the first part of a more comprehensive work, whose aim is to use the validated CFD plenum model to conduct simulations of a broader range of plenum design and operational parameters. This work proves that using ductwork within the underfloor plenum reduce the temperature rise in the plenum.

Wilmer Pasut; Fred Bauman; Michele De Carli

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Development of Sea Level Rise Scenarios for Climate Change Assessments of  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Development of Sea Level Rise Scenarios for Climate Change Assessments of Development of Sea Level Rise Scenarios for Climate Change Assessments of the Mekong Delta, Vietnam Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Development of Sea Level Rise Scenarios for Climate Change Assessments of the Mekong Delta, Vietnam Agency/Company /Organization: United States Geological Survey Sector: Land, Water, Climate Topics: Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Co-benefits assessment, Background analysis Resource Type: Publications Website: pubs.usgs.gov/of/2010/1165/ Country: Vietnam UN Region: South-Eastern Asia Coordinates: 14.058324°, 108.277199° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":14.058324,"lon":108.277199,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

107

Transient temperature rise due to ultrasound absorption at a bone/soft-tissue interface  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermal effects due to high ultrasound absorption in bone pose an ongoing safety issue. Of considerable concern is the heating of the soft tissue adjacent to the bone surface. Mathematical models can be useful in predicting the transient temperature near the interface during insonation. This paper develops a model that provides the temperature field in terms of simple expressions that convey the functional dependence of the material properties and are easily incorporated into standards and ultrasound machine software yet are able to incorporate the material properties of both bone and soft tissue. The model contains an asymptotic theory based upon a high-attenuation assumption: the distance diffused by heat over the time of interest is large compared to the ultrasound attenuation length. Model predictions of temperature rise and location of maximum temperature were in close agreement with finite-element calculations using parameters appropriate for radiation-force imaging and focused-ultrasound surgery.

Matthew R. Myers

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Impact of flood defences and sea-level rise on the European Shelf tidal regime  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The tidal response of the European Shelf to moderate ( < 1 m ) levels of sea level rise is investigated using a high resolution, well established tidal model. The model is validated for present day conditions and the tidal response to sea level rise by comparing the modelled response to long term tide gauge data. The effects of coastal defence schemes are tested, with three levels of present day coastal defences simulated. Full walls are added at the present day coastline, no coast defence schemes are used and a set of present day coastal defence schemes is simulated. The simulations show that there is a significant tidal response to moderate levels of SLR and that the response is strongly dependant on level of coastal defence simulated. The simulation using coastal defence data resulted in the strongest response as the tide was able to build up behind the coastal defence walls and create a patchwork of sea and land at the coastline. This had a strong impact on the spatial tidal energy dissipation field and in turn this has large effects on the tidal regime throughout the domain.

Holly E. Pelling; J.A. Mattias Green

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Predicting Land-Ice Retreat and Sea-Level Rise with the Community Earth System Model  

SciTech Connect

Coastal stakeholders need defensible predictions of 21st century sea-level rise (SLR). IPCC assessments suggest 21st century SLR of {approx}0.5 m under aggressive emission scenarios. Semi-empirical models project SLR of {approx}1 m or more by 2100. Although some sea-level contributions are fairly well constrained by models, others are highly uncertain. Recent studies suggest a potential large contribution ({approx}0.5 m/century) from the marine-based West Antarctic Ice Sheet, linked to changes in Southern Ocean wind stress. To assess the likelihood of fast retreat of marine ice sheets, we need coupled ice-sheet/ocean models that do not yet exist (but are well under way). CESM is uniquely positioned to provide integrated, physics based sea-level predictions.

Lipscomb, William [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

110

High temperature liquid level sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A length of metal sheathed metal oxide cable is perforated to permit liquid access to the insulation about a pair of conductors spaced close to one another. Changes in resistance across the conductors will be a function of liquid level, since the wetted insulation will have greater electrical conductivity than that of the dry insulation above the liquid elevation.

Tokarz, Richard D. (West Richland, WA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Sensitivity of Twenty-First-Century Global-Mean Steric Sea Level Rise to Ocean Model Formulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two comprehensive Earth system models (ESMs), identical apart from their oceanic components, are used to estimate the uncertainty in projections of twenty-first-century sea level rise due to representational choices in ocean physical formulation. ...

Robert Hallberg; Alistair Adcroft; John P. Dunne; John P. Krasting; Ronald J. Stouffer

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Influence of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation on regional sea level rise in the Pacific Ocean from 1993 to 2012  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The rate of regional sea level rise (SLR) provides important information about the impact of human activities on climate change. However, accurate estimation of regional SLR can be severely affected by sea sur...

Zongshang Si ???; Yongsheng Xu ???

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

The Rising Sea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the thick of a sea level rise. After reading the evidencepredictive figure for ocean level rise by the turn of thethat a 7-foot (2 m) sea level rise by the year 2100 should

Miller, Ryder W.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

The potential future influence of sea level rise on leatherback turtle nests  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Climate change models predict sea level rise and increased intensity of storms and hurricanes in tropical sea turtle nesting areas. These factors could significantly increase beach inundation and erosion, thus affecting water content of sea turtle nesting beaches. Here, we conducted a field and laboratory study of how sand water content is related to embryonic development and hatching success of leatherback turtle nests. Moreover, we have experimentally incubated eggs of this species in beach sand under standardized conditions, but at different realistic levels of sand water content, varying from 1% to 12%. On the beaches, females nested from the intertidal zone to the lower part of the sand vegetation dunes, where nests were exposed to a wide range of sand water contents that ranged from 0.8% to 22%. However, both field and experimental studies revealed a strong negative correlation between sand water content and emergence success (field study: r=?0.73, Pturtle nesting success should be expected to decrease.

Juan Patino-Martinez; Adolfo Marco; Liliana Quiones; Lucy A. Hawkes

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Sea Level Rise Summit June 20-22 in Boca Raton FAU's Center for Environmental Studies within the Charles E. Schmidt College of Science will host a "Risk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sea Level Rise Summit June 20-22 in Boca Raton FAU's Center for Environmental Studies within the Charles E. Schmidt College of Science will host a "Risk and Response: Sea Level Rise Summit" on Wednesday planning of agencies, institutions and civic society to sea level rise and compare the Florida situation

Fernandez, Eduardo

116

Modeling of Coastal Inundation, Storm Surge, and Relative Sea-Level Rise at Naval Station Norfolk, Norfolk, Virginia, U.S.A.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling of Coastal Inundation, Storm Surge, and Relative Sea- Level Rise at Naval Station Norfolk. Modeling of coastal inundation, storm surge, and relative sea-level rise at Naval Station Norfolk, Norfolk, and relative sea-level-rise (RSLR) scenarios were examined at the U.S. Naval Station, Norfolk, Virginia

US Army Corps of Engineers

117

Sea Level Rise, Green Greenland & Fantabulous Inference To be removed from Jim Hansen's e-mail list respond to sender with REMOVE as subject  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sea Level Rise, Green Greenland & Fantabulous Inference To be removed from Jim Hansen's e-mail list respond to sender with REMOVE as subject Sea Level Rise: I confess to collaborating with Michael Le Page in making an abbreviated version of "Scientific reticence and sea level rise" http

Hansen, James E.

118

GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 24, NO.12, PAGES 1503-1506, JUNE 15, 1997 Spatial variations in the rate of sea level rise caused by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the rate of sea level rise caused by the present-day melting of glaciers and ice sheets Clinton P. Conrad. Becausemostlong duration tide gaugesarein.the northernhemisphere,if the sources of sea level rise are unbalanced between the two hemispheres,estimates of global sea level rise could be in error by 10 to 20%. Individual

Conrad, Clint

119

Impact of dynamic feedbacks between sedimentation, sea-level rise, and biomass production on near-surface marsh stratigraphy and carbon accumulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Impact of dynamic feedbacks between sedimentation, sea-level rise, and biomass production on near Keywords: salt marsh organic sediments accretion sea-level rise belowground biomass carbon storage a b model we explore how marsh stratigraphy responds to sediment supply and the rate of sea- level rise

120

Mineral accretion technology for coral reef restoration, shore protection, and adaptation to rising sea level  

SciTech Connect

Electrolysis of seawater is used to precipitate limestone on top of underwater steel structures to create growing artificial reefs to enhance coral growth, restore coral reef habitat, provide shelter for fish, shellfish, and other marine organisms, generate white sand for beach replenishment, and protect shore lines from wave erosion. Films and slides will be shown of existing structures in Jamaica, Panama, and the Maldives, and projects being developed in these and other locations will be evaluated. The method is unique because it creates the only artificial reef structures that generate the natural limestone substrate from which corals and coral reefs are composed, speeding the settlement and growth of calcareous organisms, and attracting the full range of other reef organisms. The structures are self-repairing and grow stronger with age. Power sources utilized include batteries, battery chargers, photovoltaic panels, and windmills. The cost of seawalls and breakwaters produced by this method is less than one tenth that of conventional technology. Because the technology is readily scaled up to build breakwaters and artificial islands able to keep pace with rising sea level it is capable of playing an important role in protecting low lying coastal areas from the effects of global climate change.

Goreau, T.J.; Hilbertz, W. [Global Coral Reef Alliance, Chappaqua, NY (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level rise temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Observation and Measurement of Temperature Rise and Distribution on GaAs Photo-cathode Wafer with a 532nm Drive Laser and a Thermal Imaging Camera  

SciTech Connect

Significant temperature rise and gradient are observed from a GaAs photo-cathode wafer irradiated at various power levels with over 20W laser power at 532nm wavelength. The laser power absorption and dissipated thermal distribution are measured. The result shows a clear indication that proper removal of laser induced heat from the cathode needs to be considered seriously when designing a high average current or low quantum efficiency photo-cathode electron gun. The measurement method presented here provides a useful way to obtain information about both temperature and thermal profiles, it also applies to cathode heating study with other heating devices such as electrical heaters.

Shukui Zhang, Stephen Benson, Carlos Hernandez-Garcia

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Energy conservation in high-rise buildings: Changes in air conditioning load induced by vertical temperature and humidity profile in Delhi  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Temperature and humidity profiles in the upper atmosphere are different from those observed by ground level meteorological stations and used to design HVAC systems for high-rise buildings. There exist correlations among solar energy, atmospheric turbidity and pollutants in urban areas, affecting the temperature and humidity profiles with variation in height. In the present study, a theoretical model is developed considering these parameters, and the HVAC load is calculated. The results are compared with the HVAC load calculated from data obtained from the meteorological station, and the comparison showed that the results differ significantly (20%) for a hypothetical 200 m high office building.

S. Sinha; Sanjay Kumar; N. Kumar

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Sea-level rise and its possible impacts given a beyond 4C world in the twenty-first century  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...is increasing in per capita income and population...proportion of the demand for safety is applied...persons km2 and 90 per cent at a population...population and GDP scenarios are essentially...about the main energy sources. The A1...sea-level rise (metre per century) according...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Landscape Scale Impacts of Sea Level Rise and Elevation Changes Along the Matagorda Fault in Matagorda, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of this study was to quantify land cover change within a Matagorda, Texas wetland that results from sea level rise and elevation change over time due to coastal faulting. The closing objective of this study was to simulate land cover conversion as a function...

Cline, Marie

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

125

Finite element modeling of the temperature rise due to the propagation of ultrasonic waves in viscoelastic materials and experimental validation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ultrasound stimulated thermography method is usually used to detect the temperature rise at a defect position. The temperature rise can be due to the friction between the edges of the defect and/or the plastic deformation around the defect. This paper presents another aspect of the method when the ultrasounds are propagating in a viscoelasticanisotropicmaterial such as polymers or fiber-reinforced polymers. The attenuation of the waves produces a distributed temperature field. Therefore even a defect that does not produce some heat can be detected the ultrasonic field is modified. A finite element model is used for computing the temperature field and for predicting the possibility for an infrared camera of detecting the temperature rise and its modification due to a defect. The model computes the stress and displacement fields associated with the propagation and the loss of energy. Then the heat equation is solved with this loss as a source of heating. An experiment is done with a sonotrode that excites a PVC plate. The ultrasonic displacement at the top of the plate is measured with a laser velocimeter and introduced in the model. Finally the model result is compared to the image produced by the camera.

B. Hosten; C. Bacon; C. Biateau

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

9 - Climate Change and Sea Level Rise in the Mekong Delta: Flood, Tidal Inundation, Salinity Intrusion, and Irrigation Adaptation Methods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Mekong Delta of Vietnam extends over an extensive, low-lying flat area, with an average elevation of only about 1m above mean sea level. It is considered the countrys main rice bowl, as it contributes 48% of national food production and more than 85% of annual rice exports. However, the Mekong Delta currently faces a number of challenges, as it is affected by annual floods, drought, and salinity intrusion. In the context of climate change and sea water level rise, these natural problems may become more severe, with inundation and salinity intrusion eventually becoming the norm under severe scenarios of sea level rise. In the future, salinity intrusion is expected to gradually start earlier in the dry season, posing a threat to the sustainable agricultural development of the Mekong Delta and food security in Vietnam. Through an in-depth analysis of different scenarios of sea level rise, this chapter proposes several measures for flood, tidal inundation, and salinity intrusion protection, while considering the sustainable development of the Mekong Delta in the context of climate change.

To Quang Toan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Predictions of extreme precipitation and sealevel rise under climate change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...relevant to river and coastal flooding: changes in extreme precipitation...relevant to river and coastal flooding: changes in extreme precipitation...Altitude Climate Computer Simulation Disasters Ecosystem Environmental...ses-surface temperature (SST) simulation, while these are not needed...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Kinetics of catalyst regeneration by coke combustion. II. Influence of temperature rise in the catalyst particles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A grain-pellet model has been used to study the effect of high reaction rates upon the temperature profiles developed during regeneration of coked catalyst particles. The possibility of falsification of kinetic.....

D. Lafarga; C. Royo; A. Monzn; M. Menndez

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Tide gauge records, water level rise, and subsidence in the Northern Gulf of Mexico  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Long-term water level changes in the northern Gulf of Mexico were examined using tide gauge records for this century. Strong coherence exists between the annual mean water changes at Galveston, Texas, and (1) the...

R. Eugene Turner

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Soldering with solid state and diode lasers: Energy coupling, temperature rise, process window  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The increasing number of electrical contacts in automobiles in combination with more complex and miniaturized components leads to higher requirements for the joining technologies. In that context laser soldering represents an interesting alternative to conventional techniques. So far solid state lasers[Nd:yttriumaluminumgarnet(YAG)] and CO 2 lasers have been successfully applied in industrial production. Recently the development of high power diode lasers has offered a new laser source for soldering with technological advantages. Absorptivity of laser radiation on metals generally increases with shorter wavelength and consequently diode lasers may lead to a higher process efficiency compared to Nd:YAG lasers. The absorptivity of copper alloys with different surface conditions has been measured at 808 nm (diode) and 1064 nm (Nd:YAG). When heating up the solder joint the intensity distribution of the different laser spots becomes important too. This effect is demonstrated by means of process modeling and temperature measurements for a typical joint geometry. For the case of soldering strip-to-strip joints the effects of the different energy absorption on the process are pointed out.

M. Brandner; G. Seibold; C. Chang; F. Dausinger; H. Hgel

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

On October 21, 2011 "Glacier Melt, Early Snowmelt and Sea Level Rise" will examine issues of defining science, law, governance, the role of civil society, and present case studies on all three  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On October 21, 2011 "Glacier Melt, Early Snowmelt and Sea Level Rise" will examine issues interrelated topics: glacier melt, early snowmelt and sea level rise. A concluding panel will discuss

Stanford, Kyle

132

A modeling study of coastal inundation induced by storm surge, sea-level rise, and subsidence in the Gulf of Mexico  

SciTech Connect

The northern coasts of the Gulf of Mexico are highly vulnerable to the direct threats of climate change, such as hurricane-induced storm surge, and such risks can be potentially exacerbated by land subsidence and global sea level rise. This paper presents an application of a coastal storm surge model to study the coastal inundation process induced by tide and storm surge, and its response to the effects of land subsidence and sea level rise in the northern Gulf coast. An unstructured-grid Finite Volume Coastal Ocean Model was used to simulate tides and hurricane-induced storm surges in the Gulf of Mexico. Simulated distributions of co-amplitude and co-phase of semi-diurnal and diurnal tides are in good agreement with previous modeling studies. The storm surges induced by four historical hurricanes (Rita, Katrina, Ivan and Dolly) were simulated and compared to observed water levels at National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration tide stations. Effects of coastal subsidence and future global sea level rise on coastal inundation in the Louisiana coast were evaluated using a parameter change of inundation depth through sensitivity simulations that were based on a projected future subsidence scenario and 1-m global sea level rise by the end of the century. Model results suggested that hurricane-induced storm surge height and coastal inundation could be exacerbated by future global sea level rise and subsidence, and that responses of storm surge and coastal inundation to the effects of sea level rise and subsidence are highly nonlinear and vary on temporal and spatial scales.

Yang, Zhaoqing; Wang, Taiping; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Hibbard, Kathleen A.; Janetos, Anthony C.; Kraucunas, Ian P.; Rice, Jennie S.; Preston, Benjamin; Wilbanks, Thomas

2013-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

133

Enhanced basal lubrication and the contribution of the Greenland ice sheet to future sea-level rise  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Scientific Computing Research and Biological and Environmental Research programs. M...at the National Energy Research Scientific Computing...version 2.0 development and simulations...temperature and geothermal flux fields taken...

Sarah R. Shannon; Antony J. Payne; Ian D. Bartholomew; Michiel R. van den Broeke; Tamsin L. Edwards; Xavier Fettweis; Olivier Gagliardini; Fabien Gillet-Chaulet; Heiko Goelzer; Matthew J. Hoffman; Philippe Huybrechts; Douglas W. F. Mair; Peter W. Nienow; Mauro Perego; Stephen F. Price; C. J. P. Paul Smeets; Andrew J. Sole; Roderik S. W. van de Wal; Thomas Zwinger

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

SILICON PROCESSING 1. THE TRUE SURFACE TEMPERATURE OF A SILICON WAFER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this temperature rises- moderately and sooner or later, depending on RF- power and gas pressure, it levels off

Boyer, Edmond

135

12 - Investigation on Floods in Can Tho City: Influence of Ocean Tides and Sea Level Rise for the Mekong Deltas Largest City  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present chapter investigates seasonal fluvial flood hazards to the city of Can Tho in the Mekong Delta, a phenomenon which is likely to be exacerbated by future sea level rise (SLR). Unlike past research, which has mainly focused on flooding due to river discharge from upstream or heavy precipitation, the present chapter scrutinizes the influence of ocean tides, revealing how these can determine water elevation even in an upstream location such as Can Tho city, 80km inland from the river mouth. In fact, river flow causes tidal damping and effectively reduces the energy of the incoming tides, an effect especially pronounced during the rainy season. Analysis based on the water levels monitored by the Mekong River Commission revealed that the ground near the riverbank of Can Tho had experienced inundation for a total of 215h between July 2009 and June 2010 (2.5% of the time over a 1-year period). Assuming two scenarios of SLR, of 25cm by 2050 and 60cm by 2100, all based on the IPCC AR5s projections, it was found that the duration of inundation will be prolonged from the present percentage of 2.5% to 7.5% and 24% of the year, respectively. Furthermore, field surveys carried out by the authors showed that recent inundation episodes reached a height of up to 47cm above the roads of Can Thos downtown, highlighting the need for future adaptation measures in the city.

Hiroshi Takagi; Tran Van Ty; Nguyen Danh Thao

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

High-resolution survey of tidal energy towards power generation and influence of sea-level-rise: A case study at coast of New Jersey, USA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The first and a crucial step in development of tidal power, which is now attracting more and more attention worldwide, is a reliable survey of temporal and spatial distribution of tidal energy along coastlines. This paper first reviews the advance in assessment of tidal energy, in particular marine hydrokinetic (MHK) energy, and discusses involved challenges and necessary approaches, and then it makes a thorough survey as an illustrative case study on distributions and top sites of MHK energy within the Might-Atlantic-Bight (MAB) with emphasis on the New Jersey (NJ) coastlines. In view of the needs in actual development of tidal power generation and sensitivity of tidal power to flow speed, the former being proportional to the third power of the latter, a high-resolution and detailed modeling is desired. Data with best available accuracy for coastlines, bathymetry, tributaries, etc. are used, meshes as fine as 20m and less for the whole NJ coast are generated, and the unstructured grid finite volume coastal ocean model (FVCOM) and high performance computing (HPC) facilities are employed. Besides comparison with observation data, a series of numerical tests have been made to ensure reliability of the modeling results. A detailed tidal energy distribution and a list of top sites for tidal power are presented. It is shown that indeed sea-level-rise (SLR) affects the tidal energy distribution significantly. With SLR of 0.5m and 1m, tidal energy in NJ coastal waters increases by 21% and 43%, respectively, and the number of the top sties tends to decrease along the barrier islands facing the Atlantic Ocean and increase in the Delaware Bay and the Delaware River. On the basis of these results, further discussions are made on future development for accurate assessment of tidal energy.

H.S. Tang; S. Kraatz; K. Qu; G.Q. Chen; N. Aboobaker; C.B. Jiang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Temperature-aware microarchitecture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With power density and hence cooling costs rising exponentially, processor packaging can no longer be designed for the worst case, and there is an urgent need for runtime processor-level techniques that can regulate operating temperature when the package's ...

Kevin Skadron; Mircea R. Stan; Wei Huang; Sivakumar Velusamy; Karthik Sankaranarayanan; David Tarjan

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

E-Print Network 3.0 - anthropometry circulating levels Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in a warming world effects both regional temperature and, significantly, sea level... level rise, often overlooked in impact studies, an exacerbated slowing of the thermohaline...

139

Electric Drive Vehicle Level Control Development Under Various...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Under Various Thermal Conditions Advanced Technology Vehicle Lab Benchmarking - Level 2 (in-depth) Energy Management Strategies for Fast Battery Temperature Rise and...

140

GSOD Based Daily Global Mean Surface Temperature and Mean Sea Level Air Pressure (1982-2011)  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

This data product contains all the gridded data set at 1/4 degree resolution in ASCII format. Both mean temperature and mean sea level air pressure data are available. It also contains the GSOD data (1982-2011) from NOAA site, contains station number, location, temperature and pressures (sea level and station level). The data package also contains information related to the data processing methods

Xuan Shi, Dali Wang

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level rise temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

GSOD Based Daily Global Mean Surface Temperature and Mean Sea Level Air Pressure (1982-2011)  

SciTech Connect

This data product contains all the gridded data set at 1/4 degree resolution in ASCII format. Both mean temperature and mean sea level air pressure data are available. It also contains the GSOD data (1982-2011) from NOAA site, contains station number, location, temperature and pressures (sea level and station level). The data package also contains information related to the data processing methods

Xuan Shi, Dali Wang

2014-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

142

Effect of temperature-dependent energy-level shifts on a semiconductor's Peltier heat  

SciTech Connect

The Peltier heat of a charge carrier in a semiconductor is calculated for the situation in which the electronic energy levels are temperature dependent. The temperature dependences of the electronic energy levels, generally observed optically, arise from their dependences on the vibrational energy of the lattice (e.g., as caused by thermal expansion). It has been suggested that these temperature dependences will typically have a major effect on the Peltier heat. The Peltier heat associated with a given energy level is a thermodynamic quantity; it is the product of the temperature and the change of the entropy of the system when a carrier is added in that level. As such, the energy levels cannot be treated as explicitly temperature dependent. The electron-lattice interaction causing the temperature dependence must be expressly considered. It is found that the carrier's interaction with the atomic vibrations lowers its electronic energy. However, the interaction of the carrier with the atomic vibrations also causes an infinitesimal lowering (approx.1/N) of each of the N vibrational frequencies. As a result, there is a finite carrier-induced increase in the average vibrational energy. Above the Debye temperature, this cancels the lowering of the carrier's electronic energy. Thus, the standard Peltier-heat formula, whose derivation generally ignores the temperature dependence of the electronic energy levels, is regained. This explains the apparent success of the standard formula in numerous analyses of electronic transport experiments.

Emin, D.

1984-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

143

12/2/08 11:41 AMOpen Membership -Rise of College Club Teams Creates a Whole New Level of Success -NYTimes.com Page 1 of 5http://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/02/sports/02club.html?_r=1&th=&emc=th&pagewanted=print  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

12/2/08 11:41 AMOpen Membership - Rise of College Club Teams Creates a Whole New Level of Success Membership - Rise of College Club Teams Creates a Whole New Level of Success - NYTimes.com Page 2 of 5http=&emc=th&pagewanted=print Open Membership Playing for the Love of the Sport December 2, 2008 OPEN MEMBERSHIP Rise of College Club

Bradley, Elizabeth

144

The Usage of Screen-Level Parameters and Microwave Brightness Temperature for Soil Moisture Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study focuses on testing two different soil moisture analysis systems based on screen-level parameters (2-m temperature T2m, 2-m relative humidity RH2m) and 1.4-GHz passive microwave brightness temperatures TB. First, a simplified extended ...

G. Seuffert; H. Wilker; P. Viterbo; M. Drusch; J-F. Mahfouf

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Warming of Global Abyssal and Deep Southern Ocean Waters between the 1990s and 2000s: Contributions to Global Heat and Sea Level Rise Budgets*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Warming of Global Abyssal and Deep Southern Ocean Waters between the 1990s and 2000s: Contributions of recent warming of these regions in global heat and sea level budgets. The authors 1) compute warming produces a 0.053 (60.017) mm yr21 increase in global average sea level and the deep warming south

Johnson, Gregory C.

146

The sun also rises.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This is an adaptation of 'Fiesta: The Sun Also Rises'. The story is changed in form and function from a book into a screenplay. And (more)

Erwin, Suzanne K.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Stuck in a stackTemperature measurements of the microclimate around split type condensing units in a high rise building in Singapore  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The use of air-conditioning, the largest energy demand for buildings in the tropics, is increasing as regional population and affluence grow. The majority of installed systems are split type air-conditioners. While the performance of new equipment is much better, the influence of the microclimate where the condensing units are installed is often overlooked. Several studies have used CFD simulations to analyse the stack effect, a buoyancy-driven airflow induced by heat rejected from condensing units. This leads to higher on-coil temperatures, deteriorating the performance of the air-conditioners. We present the first field measurements from a 24-storey building in Singapore. A network of wireless temperature sensors measured the temperature around the stack of condensing units. We found that the temperatures in the void space increased continuously along the height of the building by 1013C, showing a significant stack effect from the rejected heat from condensing units. We also found that hot air gets stuck behind louvres, built as aesthetic barriers, which increases the temperature another 9C. Temperatures of around 50C at the inlet of the condensing units for floors 10 and above are the combined result, reducing the unit efficiency by 32% compared to the undisturbed design case. This significant effect is completely neglected in building design and performance evaluation, and only with an integrated design process can truly efficient solutions be realised.

Marcel Bruelisauer; Forrest Meggers; Esmail Saber; Cheng Li; Hansjrg Leibundgut

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Influence of growth temperature and temperature ramps on deep level defect incorporation in m-plane GaN  

SciTech Connect

The dependence of deep level defect incorporation in m-plane GaN films grown by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition on bulk m-plane GaN substrates as a function of growth temperature (T{sub g}) and T{sub g} ramping method was investigated using deep level optical spectroscopy. Understanding the influence of T{sub g} on GaN deep level incorporation is important for InGaN/GaN multi-quantum well (MQW) light emitting diodes (LEDs) and laser diodes (LDs) because GaN quantum barrier (QB) layers are grown much colder than thin film GaN to accommodate InGaN QW growth. Deep level spectra of low T{sub g} (800?C) GaN films grown under QB conditions were compared to deep level spectra of high T{sub g} (1150?C) GaN. Reducing T{sub g}, increased the defect density significantly (>50) through introduction of emergent deep level defects at 2.09?eV and 2.9?eV below the conduction band minimum. However, optimizing growth conditions during the temperature ramp when transitioning from high to low T{sub g} substantially reduced the density of these emergent deep levels by approximately 40%. The results suggest that it is important to consider the potential for non-radiative recombination in QBs of LED or LD active regions, and tailoring the transition from high T{sub g} GaN growth to active layer growth can mitigate such non-radiative channels.

Armstrong, A. M., E-mail: aarmstr@sandia.gov [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States); Kelchner, K. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)] [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States); Nakamura, S.; DenBaars, S. P. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States) [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States); Materials Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States); Speck, J. S. [Materials Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)] [Materials Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)

2013-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

149

Brief Communication High temperature pulses decrease indirect chilling injury and elevate ATP levels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Brief Communication High temperature pulses decrease indirect chilling injury and elevate ATP: Received 20 December 2009 Accepted 8 March 2010 Available online 15 March 2010 Keywords: ATP Energy supply by determining survival rates and ATP levels for flies that had undergone continuous long-term exposure at 0 °C

Lee Jr., Richard E.

150

Parcel-Level Land Architecture and Land Surface Temperature in the Phoenix Metropolitan Area  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Parcel-Level Land Architecture and Land Surface Temperature in the Phoenix Metropolitan Area Xiaoxiao Li1, Yun Ouyang1, Billie Turner II1,2, Sharon Harlan3, Anthony Brazel2 1 School of Sustainability system architecture--composition and configuration of different land-cover classes--on LST in the central

Hall, Sharon J.

151

The effect of high-level waste glass composition on spinel liquidus temperature  

SciTech Connect

Spinel crystals precipitate in high-level waste glasses containing Fe, Cr, Ni, Mn, Zn, and Ru. The liquidus temperature (T{sub L}d) of spinel as the primary crystallization phase is a function of glass composition, and the spinel solubility (c{sub o}) is a function of both glass composition and temperature (T). Previously reported models of T{sub L} as a function of composition are based on T{sub L} measured directly, which requires laborious experimental procedures. Viewing the curve of c{sub o} versus T as the liquidus line allows a significant broadening of the composition region for model fitting. This paper estimates T{sub L} as a function of composition based on c{sub o} data obtained with the X-ray diffraction technique.

Kruger, A. A. [Department of Energy, Office of River Protection, Richland, Washington (United States); Riley, Brian J. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Crum, Jarrod V. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Hrma, Pavel [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Matyas, Josef [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

152

The effect of high-level waste glass composition on spinel liquidus temperature  

SciTech Connect

Spinel crystals precipitate in high-level waste glasses containing Fe, Cr, Ni , Mn, Zn, and Ru. The liquidus temperature (TL) of spinel as the primary crystallization phase is a function of glass composition and the spinel solubility (c0) is a function of both glass composition and temperature (T). Previously reported models of TL as a function of composition are based on TL measured directly, which requires laborious experimental procedures. Viewing the curve of c0 versus T as the liquidus line allows a significant broadening of the composition region for model fitting. This paper estimates TL as a function of composition based on c0 data obtained with the X-ray diffraction technique.

Hrma, Pavel R.; Riley, Brian J.; Crum, Jarrod V.; Matyas, Josef

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

153

Ground potential rise monitor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device and method for detecting ground potential rise (GPR) comprising positioning a first electrode and a second electrode at a distance from each other into the earth. The voltage of the first electrode and second electrode is attenuated by an attenuation factor creating an attenuated voltage. The true RMS voltage of the attenuated voltage is determined creating an attenuated true RMS voltage. The attenuated true RMS voltage is then multiplied by the attenuation factor creating a calculated true RMS voltage. If the calculated true RMS voltage is greater than a first predetermined voltage threshold, a first alarm is enabled at a local location. If user input is received at a remote location acknowledging the first alarm, a first alarm acknowledgment signal is transmitted. The first alarm acknowledgment signal is then received at which time the first alarm is disabled.

Allen, Zachery W. (Mandan, ND); Zevenbergen, Gary A. (Arvada, CO)

2012-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

154

Experimental investigation on the temperature dependence of the nuclear level density parameter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effect of temperature (T) and angular momentum (J) on the inverse level density parameter (k) has been studied by populating the compound nucleus $^{97}$Tc in the reaction $^{4}$He + $^{93}$Nb at four incident beam energies of 28, 35, 42 and 50 MeV. For all the four energies, the value of k decreases with increasing J. The T dependence of k has been compared for two angular momentum windows with different theoretical predictions as well as with FTBCS1 calculation which takes into account the quasiparticle-number fluctuations in the pairing field. Interestingly, the experimental data are in good agreement with the theoretical calculations at higher J but deviate from all the calculations at lower J.

Dey, Balaram; Bhattacharya, Srijit; Banerjee, K; Hung, N Quang; Dang, N Dinh; Mondal, Debasish; Mukhopadhyay, S; Pal, Surajit; De, A; Banerjee, S R

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

C-106 High-Level Waste Solids: Washing/Leaching and Solubility Versus Temperature Studies  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the results of a test conducted by Battelle to assess the effects of inhibited water washing and caustic leaching on the composition of the Hanford tank C-106 high-level waste (HLW) solids. The objective of this work was to determine the composition of the C-106 solids remaining after washing with 0.01M NaOH or leaching with 3M NaOH. Another objective of this test was to determine the solubility of various C-106 components as a function of temperature. The work was conducted according to test plan BNFL-TP-29953-8,Rev. 0, Determination of the Solubility of HLW Sludge Solids. The test went according to plan, with only minor deviations from the test plan. The deviations from the test plan are discussed in the experimental section.

GJ Lumetta; DJ Bates; PK Berry; JP Bramson; LP Darnell; OT Farmer III; LR Greenwood; FV Hoopes; RC Lettau; GF Piepel; CZ Soderquist; MJ Steele; RT Steele; MW Urie; JJ Wagner

2000-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

156

HIGH TEMPERATURE TREATMENT OF INTERMEDIATE-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES - SIA RADON EXPERIENCE  

SciTech Connect

This review describes high temperature methods of low- and intermediate-level radioactive waste (LILW) treatment currently used at SIA Radon. Solid and liquid organic and mixed organic and inorganic wastes are subjected to plasma heating in a shaft furnace with formation of stable leach resistant slag suitable for disposal in near-surface repositories. Liquid inorganic radioactive waste is vitrified in a cold crucible based plant with borosilicate glass productivity up to 75 kg/h. Radioactive silts from settlers are heat-treated at 500-700 0C in electric furnace forming cake following by cake crushing, charging into 200 L barrels and soaking with cement grout. Various thermochemical technologies for decontamination of metallic, asphalt, and concrete surfaces, treatment of organic wastes (spent ion-exchange resins, polymers, medical and biological wastes), batch vitrification of incinerator ashes, calcines, spent inorganic sorbents, contaminated soil, treatment of carbon containing 14C nuclide, reactor graphite, lubricants have been developed and implemented.

Sobolev, I.A.; Dmitriev, S.A.; Lifanov, F.A.; Kobelev, A.P.; Popkov, V.N.; Polkanov, M.A.; Savkin, A.E.; Varlakov, A.P.; Karlin, S.V.; Stefanovsky, S.V.; Karlina, O.K.; Semenov, K.N.

2003-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

157

The effect of temperature and oxygen level on the production of testosterone, androstenedione and progesterone by rat testis in vitro  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE AND OXYGEN LEVEL ON THE PRODUCTION OF TESTOSTERONE, ANDROSTFNEDIONE AND PROGESTERONE BY RAT TESTIS IN VITRO A Thesis by PETER ANTHONY DUDLEY Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A%M University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE January 1969 Major Subject: Physiology of Reproduction THE EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE AND OXYGEN LEVEL ON THE PRODUCTION OF TESTOSTERONE, ANDROSTENEDIONE AND PROGESTERONE BY RAT TESTIS...

Dudley, Peter Anthony

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

158

HIGH TEMPERATURE CONDUCTIVITY PROBE FOR MONITORING CONTAMINATION LEVELS IN POWER PLANT BOILER WATER.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A high temperature/high pressure flow through probe was designed to measure high temperature electrical conductivity of aqueous (aq) dilute electrolyte solutions, an application which can (more)

Hipple, Sarah

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Environmental and societal consequences of a possible CO/sub 2/-induced climate change. Volume II, Part 8. Impacts of rising atmospheric carbon dioxide levels on agricultural growing seasons and crop water use efficiencies  

SciTech Connect

The researchable areas addressed relate to the possible impacts of climate change on agricultural growing seasons and crop adaptation responses on a global basis. The research activities proposed are divided into the following two main areas of investigation: anticipated climate change impacts on the physical environmental characteristics of the agricultural growing seasons and, the most probable food crop responses to the possible changes in atmospheric CO/sub 2/ levels in plant environments. The main physical environmental impacts considered are the changes in temperature, or more directly, thermal energy levels and the growing season evapotranspiration-precipitation balances. The resulting food crop, commercial forest and rangeland species response impacts addressed relate to potential geographical shifts in agricultural growing seasons as determined by the length in days of the frost free period, thermal energy changes and water balance changes. In addition, the interaction of possible changes in plant water use efficiencies during the growing season in relationship to changing atmospheric CO/sub 2/ concentrations, is also considered under the scenario of global warming due to increases in atmospheric CO/sub 2/ concentration. These proposed research investigations are followed by adaptive response evaluations.

Newman, J. E.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

On the maximum pressure rise rate in boosted HCCI operation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper explores the combined effects of boosting, intake air temperature, trapped residual gas fraction, and dilution on the Maximum Pressure Rise Rate (MPRR) in a boosted single cylinder gasoline HCCI engine with ...

Wildman, Craig B.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level rise temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Some statistical associations between Northern Hemisphere sea level pressure patterns and temperatures at selected U.S. climate stations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Between Northern Hemisphere Sea Level Pressure Patterns and Temperatures at Selected U. S. Climate Stations. (December 1988) Janine Marie Bryan, B. S. , Youngstown State University Chairman of Advisory Committee: Professor John F. Griffiths Atmospheric... large- scale monthly mean SLP patterns over the Northern Hemisphere and monthly mean temperatures over the central and eastern United States. Empirical orthogonal function (EOF) analysis was used to reveal the dominant features of the SLP field...

Bryan, Janine Marie

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

162

Rising Cost of Generating Electricity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... METHODS are being discussed by electrical engineers to meet the rising costs of generating ... of generating electricity. Even before the War this was becoming a serious problem. In some cases it ...

1940-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

163

Continental margin architecture : sea level and climate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

J. , 2006. Rapid sea-level rise and Holocene climate in theJ. , 2006. Rapid sea-level rise and Holocene climate in theJ. , 2006. Rapid sea-level rise and Holocene climate in the

Hill, Jenna Catherine

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Diesel prices continue to rise  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices continue to rise The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 4.16 a gallon on Monday. That's up 5.3 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly...

165

C-104 high-level waste solids: Washing/leaching and solubility versus temperature studies  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the results of a test conducted by Battelle to assess the effects of inhibited water washing and caustic leaching on the composition of the C-104 HLW solids. The objective of this work was to determine the composition of the C-104 solids remaining after washing with 0.01 M NaOH or leaching with 3 M NaOH. Another objective of this test was to determine the solubility of the C-104 solids as a function of temperature. The work was conducted according to test plan BNFL-TP-29953-8, Rev. 0, ``Determination of the Solubility of HLW Sludge Solids.

GJ Lumetta; DJ Bates; JP Bramson; LP Darnell; OT Farmer III; SK Fiskum; LR Greenwood; FV Hoopes; CZ Soderquist; MJ Steele; RT Steele; MW Urie; JJ Wagner

2000-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

166

Johnson, G.C., and S.E. Wijffels. 2011. Ocean density change contributions to sea level rise. Oceanography 24(2):112121, doi:10.5670/oceanog.2011.31.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CITATION Johnson, G.C., and S.E. Wijffels. 2011. Ocean density change contributions to sea level al., 2010; Purkey and Johnson, 2010). This is about 25 times humankind's rate of energy consumption

Johnson, Gregory C.

167

The determination of interference levels of temperature and humidity on continuous monitoring of diisocyanate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to standard conditions of 25 C and 760 mm Hg: Vs VX P X 760 T + 273 where: Vs V P T volume of air(L) 9 25 C and 760 mm Hg volume of air(L) as measured barometric pressure in mm Hg temperature of air in degree centrigrade Appendix p Equipment... of Analysis 28 Experimental Procedure . . . . . . . . . 29 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION ~ ~ ~ ~ 5 1 x1 Qmyz, IS rqw SPIC, 0 0 Qs PL 0-- T QX S CQQ l' t D g %70% S, Qg DD jJ D ~vSwg D( , ZS 2 4a 46 ~PP:"NDIX e ":xperimen+al Condi+ions fo" &umidity...

Ryan, Donald Arden

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

168

Method for stabilizing low-level mixed wastes at room temperature  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method to stabilize solid and liquid waste at room temperature is provided comprising combining solid waste with a starter oxide to obtain a powder, contacting the powder with an acid solution to create a slurry, said acid solution containing the liquid waste, shaping the now-mixed slurry into a predetermined form, and allowing the now-formed slurry to set. The invention also provides for a method to encapsulate and stabilize waste containing cesium comprising combining the waste with Zr(OH){sub 4} to create a solid-phase mixture, mixing phosphoric acid with the solid-phase mixture to create a slurry, subjecting the slurry to pressure; and allowing the now pressurized slurry to set. Lastly, the invention provides for a method to stabilize liquid waste, comprising supplying a powder containing magnesium, sodium and phosphate in predetermined proportions, mixing said powder with the liquid waste, such as tritium, and allowing the resulting slurry to set. 4 figs.

Wagh, A.S.; Singh, D.

1997-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

169

Method for stabilizing low-level mixed wastes at room temperature  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method to stabilize solid and liquid waste at room temperature is provided comprising combining solid waste with a starter oxide to obtain a powder, contacting the powder with an acid solution to create a slurry, said acid solution containing the liquid waste, shaping the now-mixed slurry into a predetermined form, and allowing the now-formed slurry to set. The invention also provides for a method to encapsulate and stabilize waste containing cesium comprising combining the waste with Zr(OH).sub.4 to create a solid-phase mixture, mixing phosphoric acid with the solid-phase mixture to create a slurry, subjecting the slurry to pressure; and allowing the now pressurized slurry to set. Lastly, the invention provides for a method to stabilize liquid waste, comprising supplying a powder containing magnesium, sodium and phosphate in predetermined proportions, mixing said powder with the liquid waste, such as tritium, and allowing the resulting slurry to set.

Wagh, Arun S. (Joliet, IL); Singh, Dileep (Westmont, IL)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

The effect of temperature level on displacement of oil by fluid injection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OAIO 100 ISO 200 250 300 TEMPERATURE, F DENSITY OF DEAD OIL VS. TENIIPERATINE FIGURE 4 l I 6 CORE NO. S-H SERIES RUNS NATURAL SANO h CORE NO, 0 8 SERIES RUNS V GORE NO. S F SKRIES RUNS GLEAN SANO)5 CORK NO. 5-E SERIES RUNS HOSSAIN IKM YSRAE... volumes of water were injected during this study than used by either Ysrael 6 CORE NO. S-H SERIES RUNS NATURAL SANO 4 CORE NO. 0 G SERIES RUNS V CORE NO. S~F SERIES RUNS CLEAN SANDDAB CORE NO. 5-E SERIES RUNS SO cgO IE ) I &~O ~o IA 4 R J UJ 4...

Montgomery, Ernest Fite

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

171

New results of ultra-low temperature experiments in the second Landau level of a two-dimensional electron system.  

SciTech Connect

In the second Landau level around {nu} = 5/2 filling of an extremely high quality 2D electron system and at temperatures T down to 9 mK we observe a very strong even-denominator fractional quantum Hall effect at Landau level filling {nu} = 5/2 and its energy gap is large and {Delta} {approx} 0.45 K. A clear FQHE state is seen at {nu} = 2+2/5, with well-quantized R{sub xy}. A novel, even denominator FQHE state at {nu} = 2+3/8 seems to develop, as deduced from the T-dependence of dR{sub xy}/dB. In addition, four fully developed re-entrant integral quantum Hall effect (RIQHE) states are also observed. At low temperatures, the wide RIQHE plateau around at {nu} = 2+2/7 is interrupted by a dip, indicating an additional reentrance. Finally, the tilted magnetic field experiment at an ultra-low temperature of 10 mK was carried out to examine the spin-polarization of the {nu} = 5/2 FQHE state.

Pan, Wei; Vicente, C. (University of Florida); Stormer, H. L. (Columbia University); Sullivan, N. S. (University of Florida); Xia, J. S. (University of Florida); Adams, E. D. (University of Florida); West, Ken W. (Bell Labs, Lucent Technologies); Tsui, Daniel Chee (Princeton University, Princeton, NJ); Pfeiffer, Loren N. (Bell Labs, Lucent Technologies); Baldwin, K. W. (Bell Labs, Lucent Technologies)

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Low-temperature lithium diffusion in simulated high-level boroaluminosilicate nuclear waste glasses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Ion exchange is recognized as an integral, if underrepresented, mechanism influencing glass corrosion. However, due to the formation of various alteration layers in the presence of water during the corrosion process, it is difficult to conclusively deconvolute the mechanisms of ion exchange from other simultaneously occurring processes. In this work, an inert non-aqueous solution was used as an alkali source material to isolate ion exchange and study the solid-state diffusion of lithium. Specifically, the experiments involved contacting simulated nuclear waste glass coupons, the 6-oxide CJ6 and the 26-oxide SON68, with a non-aqueous solution of 6LiCl dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide at 90C for various time periods. The depth profiles of major elements in the glass coupons were measured using time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS). Lithium interdiffusion coefficients, DLi, were then calculated based on the measured depth profiles. The results indicate that the penetration of 6Li is faster in the simplified CJ6 (D6Li?4.08.0נ10?21m2/s) compared to the more complex SON68 (D6Li?2.04.0נ10?21m2/s). These values are roughly an order of magnitude greater than measured water diffusion in glasses at similar temperatures. Additionally, sodium ions present in the glass were observed to participate in ion exchange reactions with lithium from the solution. Implications of the diffusion coefficients obtained in the absence of alteration layers to the long-term performance of nuclear waste glasses in a geological repository system are also discussed.

James J. Neeway; Sebastien Kerisit; Stphane Gin; Zhaoying Wang; Zihua Zhu; Joseph V. Ryan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Lecture course on Sea level variations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

level rise from tide gauges "viewpoint of the solid Earth" "A tide staff" Rate is ~ 20 cm/century 7 Level rise between 1993 and 2010 by satellite ALTIMETRY Sea level is rising (by altimetry) "viewpoint of space" 1993-2010 8Friday, November 11, 2011 #12;Sea level will be rising (IPCC scenarios) Figure 11

Cerveny, Vlastislav

174

Marsh Collapse Does Not Require Sea Level Rise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Salt marshes are among the most productive ecosystems on Earth, providing nurseries for fish species and shelter and food for endangered birds. Salt marshes also mitigate the impacts of hurricanes and tsunamis, and sequester ...

Fagherazzi, Sergio

175

CLIMATE CHANGE SCENARIOS AND SEA LEVEL RISE ESTIMATES FOR THE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

· Environmentally Preferred Advanced Generation · Industrial/Agricultural/Water End-Use Energy Efficiency's electricity and natural gas ratepayers. The PIER Program strives to conduct the most promising public interest: · Buildings End-Use Energy Efficiency · Energy-Related Environmental Research · Energy Systems Integration

176

Hydronic Controls Retrofits for Low-Rise Multi-Famiy Buildings  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Residential Integrated Energy Solutions Residential Integrated Energy Solutions Building America Stakeholder Meeting Austin, Texas February 29 to March 2, 2012 Hugh Henderson, CDH Energy Corp. Jordan Dentz, The Levy Partnership, Inc. Hydronic Controls Retrofits for Low-Rise Multi-Family Buildings Research Objective * Determine the impact of control strategies that use apartment temperatures for central boiler control on energy consumption, comfort and cost. * Compare energy performance, comfort and cost to individual radiator valve controls in each apartment. Background * Most multi-family boiler systems have: - No zone/apartment level control, or - Non-electric thermostats on radiator valves * Central boiler system resets hot water based on outdoor temperature * Problem: - apartments are often too hot or too cold.

177

Rising global temperatures accelerate drought-induced forest...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

accelerates drought-induced forest death 3:20 Global warming accelerates drought-induced forest death In a new video produced by Los Alamos, Nathan McDowell, a Los Alamos plant...

178

Temperature rise testing of current transformers: improvement in test method.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The nature of electric power generation, transmission and distribution systems frequently faces high voltages, high currents, or a combination of both. Electric phenomena as well (more)

Garduno, Hideki

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Empire Rising: International Law & (and) Imperial Japan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BEASLEY, THE RISE OF MODERN JAPAN: POLITICAL, Ec- ONOMIC,It was during this period that Japan experienced tremendousworld power. ALEXIS DUDDEN, JAPAN'S COLONIZATION OF KOREA:

Lee, David S.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Rising Oil Prices Hit Chemical Industry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rising Oil Prices Hit Chemical Industry ... Rising petroleum prices have dogged chemical makers for more than a year, and in the third quarter, the situation has only gotten worse. ... Although chemical makers had factored high feedstock costs into their planning, the recent sudden spikes in oil costs may have caught the industry off guard. ...

ALEX TULLO

2000-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level rise temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Revisiting the Earth's sea-level and energy budgets from 1961 to 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2010), Contemporary sea level rise, Annu. Rev. Mar. Sci. ,and N. White (2011), Sea?level rise from the late 19th toand multi?decadal sea? level rise, Nature, 453(7198), 1090

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Impact of self-attraction and loading on the annual cycle in sea level  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the rate of sea level rise caused by present?day melting2009), Closing the sea level rise budget with altimetry,storage to recent sea?level rise, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. ,

Tamisiea, M. E; Hill, E. M; Ponte, R. M; Davis, J. L; Velicogna, I.; Vinogradova, N. T

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

temperatures | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

temperatures temperatures Home Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(1992) Super contributor 18 January, 2013 - 15:46 U.S. Global Change Research Program publishes "National Climate Assessment" report for United States climate change drought OpenEI sea level rise temperatures U.S. Global Climate Change program The U.S. Global Change Research Program, established under the Department of Commerce in 2010, and partnered with NOAA, released an extensive National Climate Assessment report, projecting future climate changes in the United States under different scenarios. The 1,200 page report highlights some rather grim findings about the future of climate change. Here are 5 of the more disconcerting graphics from the report: 1. U.S. Average Temperatures Syndicate content

184

A review of global ocean temperature observations: Implications for ocean heat content estimates and climate change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

S. A. Grodsky (2005), Sea level rise and the warming of thecontributions to sea level rise, Oceanography, 24, 112121,acceleration in global sea-level rise, Geophys. Res. Lett. ,

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Swell : a proposition for coastal metropolises in the age of rising seas and distributed centralization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Premised upon the certain realities of the rise of urban sprawl, globalized dynamic networks, and sea levels, this thesis seeks to question these forces and mobilize the inherent potentials that lie within their intersections. ...

Dorsey, Talia (Talia H.)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Sea Level Changes in the Southeastern United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

climate change are usu- ally focused on sea level rise rather than on warming. In Florida most long-term stations measuring sea level are currently registering a rise of about 2 millimeters per year or about 8 estimates a rise of 32 inches by 2100 as the best guess for sea level rise in south Florida and a smaller

Ronquist, Fredrik

187

Investigations of Possible Low-Level Temperature and Moisture Anomalies During the AMIE Field Campaign on Manus Island  

SciTech Connect

This document discusses results stemming from the investigation of near-surface temperature and moisture oddities that were brought to light as part of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) Investigation Experiment (AMIE), Dynamics of the Madden-Julian Oscillation (DYNAMO), and Cooperative Indian Ocean experiment on intraseasonal variability in the Year 2011 (CINDY2011) campaigns.

Long, CN; Holdridge, DJ

2012-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

188

Impurities in rock-salt: consequences for the temperature increases at the disposal of high-level nuclear waste. [Kainite, Kieserite  

SciTech Connect

In part A the thermal properties of halite and the other materials occurring in rock-salt (the 'impurities') are collected. Except for sylvite (the specific heat of this salt is about 70% of the value for halite) all specific heats are larger than the specific heat of halite. The consequences for the temperature increases at the disposal of high-level nuclear waste in rock-salt are discussed for impurity concentrations of 1, 5, 10 and 15%. If the presence and distribution of the impurities are not taken into account, then - under the most unfavorable conditions - extra temperature increases of about 3% per cent impurity may occur. If, however, the geological composition and its geometry for the disposal region are known, the temperature increases can be calculated more accurately: they may or may not differ from those for pure halite. In part B the measurement of the thermal conductivity for four salts (kainite, kieserite, carnallite, and polyhalite) is described.

van den Broek, W.M.G.T.

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Designing Turbine Endwalls for Deposition Resistance with 1,400 °C Combustor Exit Temperatures and Syngas Water Vapor Levels„The Ohio State University  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Designing Turbine Endwalls for Designing Turbine Endwalls for Deposition Resistance with 1,400 °C Combustor Exit Temperatures and Syngas Water Vapor Levels-The Ohio State University Background This University Turbine Systems Research (UTSR) project will explore a critical need for innovative turbine endwall designs that could increase turbine durability and mitigate the adverse effects of residue deposition from coal-derived synthesis gas (syngas). The Ohio State University (OSU), in cooperation with Brigham Young University (BYU),

190

Short rise time intense electron beam generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A generator for producing an intense relativisitc electron beam having a subnanosecond current rise time includes a conventional generator of intense relativistic electrons feeding into a short electrically conductive drift tube including a cavity containing a working gas at a low enough pressure to prevent the input beam from significantly ionizing the working gas. Ionizing means such as a laser simultaneously ionize the entire volume of working gas in the cavity to generate an output beam having a rise time less than one nanosecond.

Olson, C.L.

1984-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

191

Paleomagnetism of Igenous Rocks from Shatsky Rise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1349 ..................................................... 94 2.6 Colatitude versus depth for Site U1350 ..................................................... 95 2.7 Colatitude arcs for Shatsky Rise sites compared to Pacific plate paleomagnetic... U1350 displayed directional changes consistent with significant paleosecular variation, but even this section does not completely average out secular variation, implying that the time span was <104-105 years. On the whole, the paleomagnetic data...

Pueringer, Margaret

2013-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

192

RISING ECONOMIC INSECURITY AMONG SENIOR SINGLE WOMEN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RISING ECONOMIC INSECURITY AMONG SENIOR SINGLE WOMEN Tatjana Meschede Martha Cronin Laura Sullivan paying bills, forgoing home maintenance or medical needs. New research shows that economic insecurity of the Great Recession had been felt--economic insecurity among this population subgroup increased by one

Snider, Barry B.

193

Bubble growth and rise in soft sediments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...predict rates of bubble rise as a result...model the unstable gas accumulations...measured the fracture strength, K 1c, of sediments...M., 2002, Gas production and...in artificial sludge deposits: Waste...containing large gas bubbles: Geotechnique...

194

The Rising Cost of Electricity Generation  

SciTech Connect

Through most of its history, the electric industry has experienced a stable or declining cost structure. Recently, the economic fundamentals have shifted and generating costs are now rising and driving up prices at a time when the industry faces new challenges to reduce CO{sub 2} emissions. New plant investment faces the most difficult economic environment in decades.

Tobey Winters

2008-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

195

Gas plants, new fields spark production rise  

SciTech Connect

Gas plant construction is welcomed by operators in the Williston Basin, North Dakota. Petroleum and gas production has increased. The Montana portion of the Williston Basin shows new discoveries. Some secondary recovery efforts are in operation. Industrial officials share the same enthusiasm and optimism for rising production as they do for exploration potential in the basin. 5 tables.

Lenzini, D.

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Genomics Rises To Drug Discovery Challenge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Genomics Rises To Drug Discovery Challenge ... Functional genomics and functional proteomics provide a set of powerful tools to help identify novel cellular targets ... With pharmaceutical companies and biotechnology firms always looking for ways to discover new medicines more quickly and more efficiently, they are increasingly turning to new genomics and proteomics technologies to speed things along. ...

STU BORMAN

1999-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

197

Rising Above the Water: New Orleans Implements Energy Efficiency...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Rising Above the Water: New Orleans Implements Energy Efficiency and Sustainability Practices Following Hurricanes Katrina and Rita (Fact Sheet) Rising Above the Water: New Orleans...

198

Sea level budget over 20032008: A reevaluation from GRACE space gravimetry, satellite altimetry and Argo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

global mean sea level rise during the 1993­2003 decade, the remaining rate of rise being essentially that recent years sea level rise can be mostly explained by an increase of the mass of the oceans. Estimating of sea level rise over that period. We next estimate the steric sea level (i.e., ocean thermal expansion

Berthier, Etienne

199

Data Collection for Improved Cold Temperature Thermal Modeling...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

More Documents & Publications Data Collection for Improved Cold Temperature Thermal Modeling Energy Management Strategies for Fast Battery Temperature Rise and Engine...

200

Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Low-Rise Residential Buildings  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Standards for New Federal Low-Rise Residential Standards for New Federal Low-Rise Residential Buildings Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Low-Rise Residential Buildings October 8, 2013 - 1:57pm Addthis DOE recently updated the requirements for energy efficiency in newly constructed federal buildings. The new rule, 10 CFR 435, Subpart A: Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Low-Rise Residential Buildings, applies to residential buildings (one- and two-family dwellings as well as multifamily buildings three stories or less in height) for which design for construction began on or after August 10, 2012. The rule updates the baseline standard in 10 CFR 435, Subpart A to the 2009 IECC. New federal residential buildings are required (effective August 10, 2012) to achieve the 2009 IECC level of energy efficiency or 30% greater

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level rise temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Pressure rise generated by the expansion of a local gas volume in a closed vessel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...rise for partial combustion in closed spherically...ratios of specific heats that were unequal...temperature-dependent specific heats and equilibrium...velocity of three hydrocarbon-air mixtures...expression for partial combustion, Luijten et al...constant specific heats and constant burned...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

The Emphasis on Ecological Design for High-rise Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-rise buildings should be paid more attention because high-rise buildings consume a large amount of natural resources and energy. An ecological design method of high-rise buildings was introduced based on four points: adaptation of climate, ecological accounting...

Xu, F.; Zhang, G.; Xie, M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

he Sun Rises From the Village (Gne Kyden  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

he Sun Rises From the Village (Güne Köyden Douyor) project, working this year in the village of Eymir in Yozgat's Sorgun district, has started off the semester with 70 volunteers. The Sun Rises From University's umbrella organization for student volunteer activity. The goal of The Sun Rises From the Village

Gürel, Levent

204

The Ohio State University South Campus High Rise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Ohio State University South Campus High Rise Building & Utility Assessment Page 4.1 STRUCTURAL Campus High Rise Building & Utility Assessment Page 4.2 STRUCTURAL CONSTRAINTS The primary structural High Rise Building & Utility Assessment Page 4.3 CONNECTOR BUILDING The connector building discussed

205

Geothermal Business on the Rise for Kansas Company | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Geothermal Business on the Rise for Kansas Company Geothermal Business on the Rise for Kansas Company Geothermal Business on the Rise for Kansas Company April 16, 2010 - 4:43pm Addthis Paul Lester Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy America's clean energy economy is expanding, and small businesses such as Evans Energy Development of Paola, Kansas, are reaping the benefits as companies and homeowners switch to geothermal energy. Last year, 80 percent of Evans Energy Development's revenue came from installing geothermal loop systems, which cool and heat buildings by using the Earth's stable temperature. Geothermal loop systems consist of pipes buried just below the ground that contain liquid. During winter, the liquid absorbs the Earth's heat and pumps it to a unit located inside the building. In summer, the process

206

Computational Fluid Dynamics of rising droplets  

SciTech Connect

The main goal of this study is to perform simulations of droplet dynamics using Truchas, a LANL-developed computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software, and compare them to a computational study of Hysing et al.[IJNMF, 2009, 60:1259]. Understanding droplet dynamics is of fundamental importance in liquid-liquid extraction, a process used in the nuclear fuel cycle to separate various components. Simulations of a single droplet rising by buoyancy are conducted in two-dimensions. Multiple parametric studies are carried out to ensure the problem set-up is optimized. An Interface Smoothing Length (ISL) study and mesh resolution study are performed to verify convergence of the calculations. ISL is a parameter for the interface curvature calculation. Further, wall effects are investigated and checked against existing correlations. The ISL study found that the optimal ISL value is 2.5{Delta}x, with {Delta}x being the mesh cell spacing. The mesh resolution study found that the optimal mesh resolution is d/h=40, for d=drop diameter and h={Delta}x. In order for wall effects on terminal velocity to be insignificant, a conservative wall width of 9d or a nonconservative wall width of 7d can be used. The percentage difference between Hysing et al.[IJNMF, 2009, 60:1259] and Truchas for the velocity profiles vary from 7.9% to 9.9%. The computed droplet velocity and interface profiles are found in agreement with the study. The CFD calculations are performed on multiple cores, using LANL's Institutional High Performance Computing.

Wagner, Matthew [Lake Superior State University; Francois, Marianne M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

207

Gauge-Invariant Temperature Anisotropies and Primordial Non-Gaussianity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We provide the gauge-invariant expression for large-scale cosmic microwave background temperature fluctuations at second-order perturbation theory. This enables us to define unambiguously the nonlinearity parameter fNL, which is used by experimental collaborations to pin down the level of non-Gaussianity in the temperature fluctuations. Furthermore, it contains a primordial term encoding all the information about the non-Gaussianity generated at primordial epochs and about the mechanism which gave rise to cosmological perturbations, thus neatly disentangling the primordial contribution to non-Gaussianity from the one caused by the postinflationary evolution.

Nicola Bartolo; Sabino Matarrese; Antonio Riotto

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Regional Sea-Level Projection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...to inform such decisions. Earth system models used in the last Intergovermental...than twice) than do current Earth system models (fig. S1). Is this discrepancy...project future sea-level rise? Earth system models have significant uncertainties...

Josh K. Willis; John A. Church

2012-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

209

Rising Above the Water: New Orleans Implements Energy Efficiency...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Rising Above the Water: New Orleans Implements Energy Efficiency and Sustainability Practices Following Hurricanes Katrina and Rita On August 29, 2005, Hurricane Katrina, the...

210

Rising Electricity Costs: A Challenge For Consumers, Regulators, And Utilities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation covers the rising electricity costs and is given at the Spring 2010 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting in Providence, Rhode Island.

211

The rise and fall of presidential power in Iran.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This project explores the power dynamics within the Iranian political system, asking what accounts for the rise and fall of a president's power relative to (more)

Jacobsen, Donavan.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Bubble rise phenomena in various non-Newtonian fluids.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??"The bubble rise characteristic is very important for the design of heat and masss transfer operations in chemical, biochemical, environmental, and food processing industries. The (more)

Hassan, N. M. S.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Static Temperature Survey At Lassen Volcanic National Park Area...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

in volcanic rocks (Beall, 1981). Temperature-log profiles made 10 months after drilling completion show an abrupt temperature rise at 183 m, a maximum temperature of 176 degrees...

214

Argonne OutLoud: Rise of the Super Smart Supercomputer | Argonne National  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rise of the Super Smart Supercomputer Rise of the Super Smart Supercomputer Rise of the Super Smart Supercomputer lecture 1 of 13 Rise of the Super Smart Supercomputer lecture Rise of the Super Smart Supercomputer lecture 1 of 13 Rise of the Super Smart Supercomputer lecture Rise of the Super Smart Supercomputer lecture 2 of 13 Rise of the Super Smart Supercomputer lecture Rise of the Super Smart Supercomputer lecture 3 of 13 Rise of the Super Smart Supercomputer lecture Rise of the Super Smart Supercomputer lecture 4 of 13 Rise of the Super Smart Supercomputer lecture Rise of the Super Smart Supercomputer lecture 5 of 13 Rise of the Super Smart Supercomputer lecture Rise of the Super Smart Supercomputer lecture 6 of 13 Rise of the Super Smart Supercomputer lecture Rise of the Super Smart Supercomputer lecture

215

Model flames in the Boussinesq limit: Rising Natalia Vladimirova  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Model flames in the Boussinesq limit: Rising bubbles Natalia Vladimirova ASC/Flash Center the Boussinesq buoyancy approximation, we study a bubble of reaction products rising in the reactant fluid under with a specified speed. The flame speed, although known for laminar flame, is #12;Model flames in the Boussinesq

Vladimirova, Natalia

216

Young Scholars Rising 9th Graders Present Posters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Young Scholars Rising 9th Graders Present Posters On June 28, 2013, in the Ohio Union Cartoon Room, 78 rising 9th graders in the Young Scholars Program (YSP) exhibited their posters and projects from Austin, Director of YSP, said, "These YSP scholars really enjoy creating their poster presentations

Howat, Ian M.

217

Notch Sensitivity of Ceramic Composites with Rising Fracture Resistance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of common notched test configurations with the material's fracture resistance. Analogous treatments of notch sensitivity have been used previously for other materials that exhibit rising fracture resistance, includingNotch Sensitivity of Ceramic Composites with Rising Fracture Resistance Michael A. Mattoni

Zok, Frank

218

Heart-shaped bubbles rising in anisotropic liquids Chunfeng Zhou  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heart-shaped bubbles rising in anisotropic liquids Chunfeng Zhou Department of Chemical of an unusual inverted-heart shape for bubbles rising in an anisotropic micellar solution. We explain the bubble heart or a spade a . The upper sur- face has sloped shoulders that join in a point. The bottom

Feng, James J.

219

The sea-level conundrum: case studies from palaeo-archives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

level; climate change; ice sheets. Background The eustatic sea-level (ESL) rise predicted for the 21st., 2005). IPCC Fourth Assessment Report (AR4) projections of 21st-century sea-level rise included attempted to predict sea-level rise over the 21st century using a simple response model which assumes

Törnqvist, Torbjörn E.

220

Analysis of relative sea level variations and trends in the Chesapeake Bay: Is there evidence for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for acceleration in sea level rise? Tal Ezer and William Bryce Corlett Center for Coastal Physical Oceanography Old decades the pace of relative sea level rise (SLR) in the Chesapeake Bay (CB) has been 2-3 times faster--Chesapeake Bay, sea level rise, coastal inundation, tide gauge data, climate change. I. INTRODUCTION Water level

Ezer,Tal

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level rise temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Drilling to Decipher Long-Term Sea-Level Changes and Effects--A Joint Consortium for Ocean Leadership,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

rise of 1.7 ± 0.3 mm yr-1 and a signifi- cant acceleration of sea-level rise of 0.013 ± 0.006 mm yr-2 contribute little to sea-level rise. Best estimates are that sea level could rise by as much as 50 cm) rel- ative sea-level rise exceeds 4 mm yryryr-1 (Psuty and Collins, 1996) due to combined effects

222

ARM - Sea Level and Climate Change  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

if severe storms such as hurricanes and typhoons become more frequent. Statistics on Sea Level Rise According to many studies, the global mean sea level may have risen by one or...

223

Effect of composition and temperature on the properties of High-Level Waste (HLW) glasses melting above 1200{degrees}C (Draft)  

SciTech Connect

Increasing the melting temperature of HLW glass allows an increase of waste loading (thus reducing product volume) and the production of more durable glasses at a faster melting rate. However, HLW glasses that melt at high temperatures differ in composition from glasses formulated for low temperature ({approximately}1150{degree}C). Consequently, the composition of high-temperature glasses falls in a region previously not well tested or understood. This report represents a preliminary study of property/composition relationships of high-temperature Hanford HLW glasses using a one-component-at-a-time change approach. A test matrix has been designed to explore a composition region expected for high-temperature high-waste loading HLW glasses to be produced at Hanford. This matrix was designed by varying several key components (SiO{sub 2}, B{sub 2}O{sub 3}, Na{sub 2}O, Li{sub 2}O, Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}, Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, ZrO{sub 2}, Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3}, P{sub 2}O{sub 5}, UO{sub 2}, TiO{sub 2}, Cr{sub 2}O{sub 3}, and others) starting from a glass based on a Hanford HLW all-blend waste. Glasses were fabricated and tested for viscosity, glass transition temperature, electrical conductivity, crystallinity, liquidus temperature, and PCT release. The effect of individual components on glass properties was assessed using first- and second- order empirical models. The first-order component effects were compared with those from low-temperature HLW glasses.

Vienna, J.D.; Hrma, P.R.; Schweiger, M.J. [and others

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

A new Late Holocene sea-level record from the Mississippi Delta: evidence for a climate/sea level connection?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

rise. Removal of the long-term trend (0.60 mm yr?1 ) allows for the possibility of a sea-level oscil focuses on forecasting sea-level rise, typically with substantial uncertainties given the largely unknownA new Late Holocene sea-level record from the Mississippi Delta: evidence for a climate/sea level

Törnqvist, Torbjörn E.

225

City of Rising Sun, Indiana (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rising Sun, Indiana (Utility Company) Rising Sun, Indiana (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name Rising Sun City of Place Indiana Utility Id 16068 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Rate A- Residential Residential Rate B- General Power Commercial Average Rates Residential: $0.0792/kWh Commercial: $0.0888/kWh Industrial: $0.1490/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=City_of_Rising_Sun,_Indiana_(Utility_Company)&oldid=410165

226

Claritas Rise, Mars- Pre-Tharsis Magmatism? | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Claritas Rise, Mars- Pre-Tharsis Magmatism? Claritas Rise, Mars- Pre-Tharsis Magmatism? Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Claritas Rise, Mars- Pre-Tharsis Magmatism? Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Abstract Claritas rise is a prominent ancient (Noachian) center of tectonism identified through investigation of comprehensive paleotectonic information of the western hemisphere of Mars. This center is interpreted to be the result of magmatic-driven activity, including uplift and associated tectonism, as well as possible hydrothermal activity. Coupled with its ancient stratigraphy, high density of impact craters, and complex structure, a possible magnetic signature may indicate that it formed during an ancient period of Mars' evolution, such as when the dynamo

227

Sun-Sentinel South Florida consumer costs rising faster than  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sun-Sentinel South Florida consumer costs rising faster than the national average May 18, 2011|By Donna Gehrke-White, Sun Sentinel We are not imagining it: The cost of living has jumped in South Florida

Belogay, Eugene A.

228

Fact #810: December 30, 2013 Leasing on the Rise  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Leasing has been on the rise since 2009 and rose sharply from 2012 through the first half of 2013, with leases accounting for about 26% of all new light vehicle transactions. The pronounced dip in...

229

Prototype of a microwave generator with a high-temperature superconductor disk resonator in a feedback circuit with a low phase-noise level  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Phase noise of a prototype of microwave generator with a disk resonator based on high-temperature superconductor (HTSC) Y1Ba2Cu3O7 ? ?...films in the feedback circuit has been measured for the first time. The dis...

A. E. Parafin; D. V. Masterov; S. A. Pavlov; M. A. Krevskii

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Liquid level detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A liquid level detector for low pressure boilers. A boiler tank, from which apor, such as steam, normally exits via a main vent, is provided with a vertical side tube connected to the tank at the desired low liquid level. When the liquid level falls to the level of the side tube vapor escapes therethrough causing heating of a temperature sensitive device located in the side tube, which, for example, may activate a liquid supply means for adding liquid to the boiler tank. High liquid level in the boiler tank blocks entry of vapor into the side tube, allowing the temperature sensitive device to cool, for example, to ambient temperature.

Grasso, Albert P. (Vernon, CT)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Liquid level detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A liquid level detector for low pressure boilers. A boiler tank, from which vapor, such as steam, normally exits via a main vent, is provided with a vertical side tube connected to the tank at the desired low liquid level. When the liquid level falls to the level of the side tube vapor escapes therethrough causing heating of a temperature sensitive device located in the side tube, which, for example, may activate a liquid supply means for adding liquid to the boiler tank. High liquid level in the boiler tank blocks entry of vapor into the side tube, allowing the temperature sensitive device to cool, for example, to ambient temperature.

Grasso, A.P.

1984-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

232

Weatherization Projects on the Rise in Michigan County | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Weatherization Projects on the Rise in Michigan County Weatherization Projects on the Rise in Michigan County Weatherization Projects on the Rise in Michigan County August 12, 2010 - 5:03pm Addthis Kevin Craft Monroe County Opportunity Program (MCOP) has provided weatherization services to southeastern Michigan residents for over 20 years, and funds from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 recently allowed this private non-profit to hire more staff and increase the scope of its services. In April 2009, MCOP received $3 million in Recovery Act funds to spend over a three year period. "We initially used the money to hire three office staffers to process weatherization applications and a full-time inspector to conduct pre- and post-inspections on houses that are approved for weatherization," says

233

A Rising Star: Solid-State Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Rising Star: Solid-State Lighting A Rising Star: Solid-State Lighting A Rising Star: Solid-State Lighting June 16, 2009 - 5:00am Addthis John Lippert Just when consumers started getting familiar with the spiral ice-cream cone-shaped and prong-shaped compact fluorescents (CFLs), along comes LED lighting, a solid-state lighting (SSL) solution. Some experts are predicting that solid-state lighting is set to turn the current lighting industry on its head, and perhaps in the not-too-distant future make the century-old incandescent light bulb go the way of the dinosaur. Many consumers have been saving money and helping the environment for years by using LED lights during the holidays. These light strings use 75% less energy than conventional (i.e., incandescent) light strings. ENERGY STAR decorative light strings are independently tested to meet strict lifetime

234

A Rising Star: Solid-State Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Rising Star: Solid-State Lighting A Rising Star: Solid-State Lighting A Rising Star: Solid-State Lighting June 16, 2009 - 5:00am Addthis John Lippert Just when consumers started getting familiar with the spiral ice-cream cone-shaped and prong-shaped compact fluorescents (CFLs), along comes LED lighting, a solid-state lighting (SSL) solution. Some experts are predicting that solid-state lighting is set to turn the current lighting industry on its head, and perhaps in the not-too-distant future make the century-old incandescent light bulb go the way of the dinosaur. Many consumers have been saving money and helping the environment for years by using LED lights during the holidays. These light strings use 75% less energy than conventional (i.e., incandescent) light strings. ENERGY STAR decorative light strings are independently tested to meet strict lifetime

235

RADIOACTIVELY POWERED RISING LIGHT CURVES OF TYPE Ia SUPERNOVAE  

SciTech Connect

The rising luminosity of the recent, nearby supernova 2011fe shows a quadratic dependence with time during the first Almost-Equal-To 0.5-4 days. In addition, studies of the composite light curves formed from stacking together many Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) have found similar power-law indices for the rise, but may also show some dispersion that may indicate diversity. I explore what range of power-law rises are possible due to the presence of radioactive material near the surface of the exploding white dwarf (WD). I summarize what constraints such a model places on the structure of the progenitor and the distribution and velocity of ejecta. My main conclusion is that for the inferred explosion time for SN 2011fe, its rise requires an increasing mass fraction X {sub 56} Almost-Equal-To (4-6) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -2} of {sup 56}Ni distributed between a depth of Almost-Equal-To 10{sup -2} and 0.3 M {sub Sun} below the WD's surface. Radioactive elements this shallow are not found in simulations of a single C/O detonation. Scenarios that may produce this material include helium-shell burning during a double-detonation ignition, a gravitationally confined detonation, and a subset of deflagration to detonation transition models. In general, the power-law rise can differ from quadratic depending on the details of the velocity, density, and radioactive deposition gradients in a given event. Therefore, comparisons of this work with observed bolometric rises of SNe Ia would place strong constraints on the properties of the shallow outer layers, providing important clues for identifying the elusive progenitors of SNe Ia.

Piro, Anthony L., E-mail: piro@caltech.edu [Theoretical Astrophysics, California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Boulevard, M/C 350-17, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)

2012-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

236

Rise Time Measurement for Ultrafast X-Ray Pulses  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A pump-probe scheme measures the rise time of ultrafast x-ray pulses. Conventional high speed x-ray diagnostics (x-ray streak cameras, PIN diodes, diamond PCD devices) do not provide sufficient time resolution to resolve rise times of x-ray pulses on the order of 50 fs or less as they are being produced by modern fast x-ray sources. Here, we are describing a pump-probe technique that can be employed to measure events where detector resolution is insufficient to resolve the event. The scheme utilizes a diamond plate as an x-ray transducer and a p-polarized probe beam.

Celliers, Peter M.; Weber, Franz A.; Moon, Stephen J.

2005-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

237

PUBLISHED ONLINE: 11 JULY 2010 | DOI: 10.1038/NGEO901 Patterns of Indian Ocean sea-level change in a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

continental ice1 . However, sea-level rise is not globally uniform1­5 . Regional sea levels can be affected Ocean sea level with climate-model simulations, to identify a distinct spatial pattern of sea-level rise on some coasts and islands in the Indian Ocean. Global mean sea-level rise since the 1950s has been

Fasullo, John

238

Towards an integrated coastal simulator of the impact of sea level rise in East Anglia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

they are protected. The statutory basis of biodiversity conservation within protected areas is designed to #12- Coastal simulator and biodiversity: Models of biodiversity responses to environmental change Jennifer Gill ______________________________________________________________________ Part B Coastal simulator and biodiversity Technical Report 2 Models of biodiversity responses

Watson, Andrew

239

Plume Rise and Dispersion of Emissions from Low Level Buoyant Sources in Urban Areas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

layer. The vertical profile of wind speed (Fig. 8-3g, h)by assuming that wind speed has both vertical and horizontalthat the vertical profile of horizontal wind speed matches

Pournazeri, Sam

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Sea-level rise orfall? SIR -Schneider' provides just one ex-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and energy production? Such questions can be addressed by comparing the data on the history of previous from various sources: projections of US energy demand in 2000 AD (heavy dotted line); measured distribution (heavy broken dash line) corres- ponding to the sample size per bin fir the energy data

Shlyakhter, Ilya

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level rise temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Efficacy of geoengineering to limit 21st century sea-level rise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; b Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, PL122, 96100 Rovaniemi, Finland; c Thule Institute, University of Oulu, PL3000, 90014 Oulun Yliopisto, Finland; d National Oceanography Centre, Joseph Proudman aerosol injection into the strato- sphere, mirrors in space, afforestation, biochar, and bioenergy

Moore, John

242

Plume Rise and Dispersion of Emissions from Low Level Buoyant Sources in Urban Areas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on dispersion from a distributed generator in a real urbanimpact of Distributed Power Generators on the concentrationsknown as distributed power generators ( DGs). From January

Pournazeri, Sam

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Critical width of tidal flats triggers marsh collapse in the absence of sea-level rise  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...10 mm/y) and wind speed (710...shelf. The lack of offshore sediment inputs is...1988 ) Coastal-offshore ecosystem. Lecture Notes on Coastal...Department of Agriculture Farm Service Agency...of Agriculture, Farm Service Agency...Fugate DC (2007) Wind-driven sediment...

Giulio Mariotti; Sergio Fagherazzi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

On the Rates of Sea Level Rise -- Clues From the Distant Past  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

o d a y . 1 9 , 4 - 1 0 . Peltier. W. R. , a nd R . G . F acorresponding depth in the Peltier and Fairbanks graph (4

Berger, Wolfgang H

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Z .Global and Planetary Change 20 1999 93123 Global sea level rise and glacial isostatic adjustment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

adjustment W.R. Peltier ) Department of Physics, Uni?ersity of Toronto, 60 St. George Street, Toronto-mail: peltier@atmosp.physics.utoronto.ca Z .rather recently Peltier and Tushingham, 1989 , it was not clearly;( )W.R. PeltierrGlobal and Planetary Change 20 1999 93­12394 Z .existed at that time e.g., Peltier

Peltier, W. Richard

246

Recent contributions of glaciers and ice caps to sea level rise  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... rivers originating in portions of HMA do not reach the sea. Most notable are the Amu ...Darya and Syr ...

Thomas Jacob; John Wahr; W. Tad Pfeffer; Sean Swenson

2012-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

247

Sea-Level Rise, El Nio, And The Future Of The California Coastline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Projected future coastal flood inundation maps using NOAAsProjected future coastal flood inundation map for the SantaBarbaras potential future flood elevations, 2010 LiDAR data

Russell, Nicole Lian

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Impact of sea level rise on the 10 insular biodiversity hotspots  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the Japanese islands, the Philippines, the East Melanesian islands, Polynesia- Micronesia, Sundaland, Wallacea, (Global Ecol. Biogeogr.) (2014) 23, 203­212 © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd DOI: 10.1111/geb.12093 http

Courchamp, Franck

249

Sea-Level Rise, El Nio, And The Future Of The California Coastline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

between incident wave energy and seacliff erosion rates: Sanbetween incident wave energy and seacliff erosion rates: SanThis both increases wave energy off the coast of California

Russell, Nicole Lian

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

The Rise of Egypt: New Beginnings or Same Old Story  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Rise of Egypt: New Beginnings or Same Old Story Monday March 28th - 2011 Course # 846A, Tuition dramatic than the change in government in Egypt. What does this mean for the workers of Egypt in this transition? Will the revolution in Egypt take the path of the failed revolutions in Iran or are we witnessing

Thompson, Michael

251

Analysis of Plume Rise Data from Five TVA Steam Plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A large data set containing the measurements of the rise of plumes emitted by five TVA steam plants was examined. Particular attention was paid to the problem of the merging of the plumes emitted by adjacent stacks and to the role played by the ...

Domenico Anfossi

1985-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

SC-RISE LECTURE SERIES BRIGHT HORIZONS IN SOLAR ENERGY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are being developed including biomass, geothermal, hydropower, ocean thermal energy conversion, solar the role energy storage can play. Many complex environmental factors must also be fully addressed earlySC-RISE LECTURE SERIES BRIGHT HORIZONS IN SOLAR ENERGY Sustainable Energy Opportunities, Options

253

Manganese-oxidizing photosynthesis before the rise of cyanobacteria  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Manganese-oxidizing photosynthesis before the rise of cyanobacteria Jena E. Johnsona,1 , Samuel M) The emergence of oxygen-producing (oxygenic) photosynthesis fundamentally transformed our planet; however biological innovation-- the evolution of oxygenic photosynthesis (3, 4). Several bio- chemical attributes

Fischer, Woodward

254

Hottest spot temperatures in ventilated dry type transformers  

SciTech Connect

The hottest spot temperature allowance to be used for the different insulation system temperature classes is a major unknown facing IEEE Working Groups developing standards and loading guides for ventilated dry type transformers. In 1944, the hottest spot temperature allowance for ventilated dry type transformers was established as 30 C for 80 C average winding temperature rise. Since 1944, insulation temperature classes have increased to 220 C but IEEE standards continue to use a constant 30 C hottest spot temperature allowance. IEC standards use a variable hottest spot temperature allowance from 5 to 30 C. Six full size test windings were manufactured with imbedded thermocouples and 133 test runs performed to obtain temperature rise data. The test data indicated that the hottest spot temperature allowance used in IEEE standards for ventilated dry type transformers above 500 kVA is too low. This is due to the large thermal gradient from the bottom to the top of the windings caused by natural convection air flow through the cooling ducts. A constant ratio of hottest spot winding temperature rise to average winding temperature rise should be used in product standards for all insulation temperature classes. A ratio of 1.5 is suggested for ventilated dry type transformers above 500 kVA. This would increase the hottest spot temperature allowance from 30 C to 60 C and decrease the permissible average winding temperature rise from 150 C to 120 C for the 220 C insulation temperature class.

Pierce, L.W. (General Electric Co., Rome, GA (United States))

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

sea level | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

sea level sea level Dataset Summary Description This dataset, made available by the UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC), shows sea level rise for the period as early as 1834 through 2008 for the following UK sites: Aberdeen, Liverpool, Newlyn, North Shields, and Sheerness. Data is from the Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory. Earliest year of available data varies by site, beginning between 1834 and 1916. Source UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) Date Released March 12th, 2010 (4 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords climate change sea level UK Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon 1 Excel file: Sea level rise (UK) (xls, 280.6 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment (Does not have "National Statistics" status)

256

Energy Management Strategies for Fast Battery Temperature Rise and Engine Efficiency Improvement at Very Cold Conditions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

2010 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen Programs Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, June 7-11, 2010 -- Washington D.C.

257

Ocean acidification and rising temperatures may increase biofilm primary productivity but decrease grazer consumption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...what can animal physiology tell us? J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol...Oak Ridge National Laboratory, US Department of Energy. 51 Mehrbach, C , Culberson...PCO2 reduces respiration rate and energy status in the periwinkle Littorina littorea...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

ARM - Sea Surface and Sea Level  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

at a site over long period of time, typically decades. It is non-periodic tendency of sea level to rise, fall, or remain stationary with time. Typically a trend, technically,...

259

SHORT-TERM SEA-LEVEL CHANGES AND COASTAL EROSION PAUL D. KOMAR AND DAVID B. ENFIELD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nifio are shifts in the storm paths and a temporary rise in sea level. An El Niiio is a breakdown in the western Pacific by the trade winds. The release creates a "wave" of sea-level rise, which first propagates. INTRODUCTION The long-term and progressive rise in sea level has been citedjustifiably as a major cause

260

Implementation of plume rise and its impacts on emissions and air quality modelling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This work analyses the impact of implementing hourly plume rise calculations over Spain in terms of: i) vertical emission allocations and ii) modelled air quality concentrations. Two air quality simulations (4kmנ4km, 1h) were performed for February and June 2009, using the CALIOPE-AQFS system (WRF-ARW/HERMESv2.0/CMAQ/BSC-DREAM8b) differing only by the vertical allocation of point source emissions: i) using fixed vertical profiles based on the stack height of each facility and ii) using an hourly bottom-up calculations of effective emission heights. When using plume rise calculations, emissions are generally allocated to lower altitudes than when using the fixed vertical profiles, showing significant differences depending on source sector and air pollutant (up to 75% between estimated average effective emission heights). In terms of air quality, it is shown that hourly plume rise calculations lead to improved simulation of industrial SO2 concentrations, thus increasing modelled concentrations (1.4?gm?3 increase in February, 1.5?gm?3 increase in June) and reducing the model biases for both months (31.1% in February, 73.7% in June). The increase of SO2 concentrations leads to an increase of SO 4 ? 2 surface levels that varies according to the season and location (4.3% in February and 0.4% in June, on average). On the other hand, the impact on NO2 and PM10 concentrations is less significant, leading to average changes of a few ?gm3 at most (0.4?gm?3 for NO2 and 0.2?gm?3 for PM10). In order to maximize the precision of plume rise calculations, the use of stack parameters based on real-world data is mandatory.

Marc Guevara; Albert Soret; Gustavo Arvalo; Francesc Martnez; Jos M. Baldasano

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level rise temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Moisture Control Handbook: New, low-rise, residential construction  

SciTech Connect

Moisture problems are prevalent all over North America, almost independent of climate. They are viewed as one of the single largest factors limiting the useful service life of a building. Elevated levels of moisture in buildings also can lead to serious health effects for occupants. Until recently, very little consensus on moisture control existed in the building community. The information available was typically incomplete, contradictory, usually limited to specific regions, and in many cases misleading. A need to develop a document which presented the issues relating to moisture from a building science or ``systems`` approach existed. This handbook attempts to fill that need and illustrates that energy-efficient, tight envelope design is clearly part of the solution to healthy buildings when interior relative humidity, temperature, and pressure are controlled simultaneously. The first three chapters of the handbook present the basic principles of moisture problems and solutions in buildings. Chapter 1 -- Mold, Mildew, and Condensation, examines surface moisture problems. Chapter 2 -- Moisture Movement, examines how building assemblies get wet from both the exterior and interior. Chapter 3 -- Wetting and Drying of Building Assemblies, introduces the concepts of acceptable performance, moisture balance, and the redistribution of moisture within building assemblies. Chapters 4 through 6 apply the concepts outlined in the previous chapters and present specific moisture control practices for three basic US climate zones. The advantages and disadvantages of several wall, foundation, and roof assemblies are discussed for each climate zone.

Lstiburek, J. [Building Science Corp., Chestnut Hill, MA (United States); Carmody, J. [Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis, MN (United States). Underground Space Center

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Assessment of low temperature electricity production with focus on geothermal energy.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??With the rise of environmental awareness and increased electricity prices, low temperature electricity production cycles are getting more and more into focus. These include applications (more)

Scheyhing, Andreas

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Steric sea level variations during 19571994: Importance of salinity John I. Antonov  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­3000 m layer during the 1957­1994 period resulted in a sea level rise at a mean rate of about 0.55 mm per sea level rise at a rate of 1.3 ± 0.5 mm/yr if the added water comes from sources other than floating and salinity variability, steric sea level, sea level rise, climate change, Labrador sea Citation: Antonov, J

264

Sea-Level and Climate Change: Should I Sell My Shore House? Kenneth G. Miller,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sea-level rise and land subsidence (sinking). We conclude the following: - The rate of global sea-level. - Global sea-level is predicted to rise by >80 cm (2.6 ft) by 2100 due to thermal expansion of seawater and melting of ice sheets. - Sea-level rise on the U.S. East Coast will exceed 1 m (~3 ft) by 2100 due

265

N,N,NV,NV-tetramethyl-p-phenylenediamine initiates the appearance of a well-resolved I peak in the kinetics of chlorophyll fluorescence rise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fluorescence; Fm (=P)maximum level of chlorophyll fluorescence; Fv (=Fm?Fo), variable fluorescence; OEC, oxygen-evolving tissues, the initial fluorescence measured with all reaction centers in open state, Fo (O), rises to a peak level, Fm ( = P), observed when all reaction centers are closed, with two intermediate steps J (I1

Carpentier, Robert

266

Drivers of rising global energy demand: The importance of spatial lag and error dependence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper analyzes key factors that led to rising global energy demand in recent decades. In addition to income and price elasticities traditionally examined, this research takes into account the effects of structural, demographic, technological and temperature changes on energy demand. Using newly developed panel data techniques allowing for spatial error and/or spatial lag dependence, this research finds evidence for the existence of spatial lag dependence, a positive but declining income elasticity, a negative price elasticity, and the significant effects of industry/service value added, urbanization and technical innovations on energy demand. This research has important implications for public policies that aim to encourage energy savings, develop service sector and promote energy-efficient technologies towards a sustainable energy future.

Yongfu Huang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

High Temperature | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Temperature Temperature Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Sanyal Temperature Classification: High Temperature Dictionary.png High Temperature: No definition has been provided for this term. Add a Definition Sanyal Temp Classification This temperature scheme was developed by Sanyal in 2005 at the request of DOE and GEA, as reported in Classification of Geothermal Systems: A Possible Scheme. Extremely Low Temperature Very Low Temperature Low Temperature Moderate Temperature High Temperature Ultra High Temperature Steam Field Reservoir fluid between 230°C and 300°C is considered by Sanyal to be "high temperature." "Above a temperature level of 230°C, the reservoir would be expected to become two-phase at some point during exploitation. The next higher

268

Beamline Temperatures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Temperatures Temperatures Energy: 3.0000 GeV Current: 493.2242 mA Date: 11-Jan-2014 21:40:00 Beamline Temperatures Energy 3.0000 GeV Current 493.2 mA 11-Jan-2014 21:40:00 LN:MainTankLevel 124.4 in LN:MainTankPress 56.9 psi SPEAR-BL:B120HeFlow 15.4 l/min SPEAR-BL:B131HeFlow 22.2 l/min BL 4 BL02:LCW 0.0 ℃ BL02:M0_LCW 31.5 ℃ BL 4-1 BL04-1:BasePlate -14.0 ℃ BL04-1:Bottom1 46.0 ℃ BL04-1:Bottom2 47.0 ℃ BL04-1:Lower 32.0 ℃ BL04-1:Moly 46.0 ℃ BL04-1:ChinGuard1 31.0 ℃ BL04-1:ChinGuard2 31.0 ℃ BL04-1:FirstXtalA -167.0 ℃ BL04-1:FirstXtalB -172.0 ℃ BL04-1:Pad1 31.0 ℃ BL04-1:Pad2 31.0 ℃ BL04-1:SecondXtalA -177.0 ℃ BL04-1:SecondXtalB -175.0 ℃ BL 4-2 BL04-2:BasePlate -14.0 ℃ BL04-2:Bottom1 24.0 ℃ BL04-2:Bottom2 25.0 ℃

269

Questions Rise about Seeding For Ocean C02 Sequestration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

X-ray Method Shows How Frog Embryos Could Help Thwart Disease X-ray Method Shows How Frog Embryos Could Help Thwart Disease Nanocrystals Grow from Liquid Interface Eleventh Arthur H. Compton Award Announced Borland Awarded ACFA-IPAC'13 Prize for Accelerator Science President Obama at the Advanced Photon Source APS News Archives: 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 2000 Subscribe to APS News rss feed Questions Rise about Seeding For Ocean C02 Sequestration JUNE 12, 2013 Bookmark and Share X-ray fluorescence micrographs of silicon (Si) and iron (Fe) content in the siliceous phytoplankton specimen Corethron. The number in the lower left corner of each image is the maximum elemental content (μg cm-2) represented by white (elemental content scales linearly, with black as zero). From E.D. Ingall et al., Nat. Comm. 4, Article number: 1981 (10 June

270

3D printing rises to the occasion | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Features Features 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 News Home | ORNL | News | Features | 2013 SHARE 3D printing rises to the occasion ORNL group shows how it's done, one layer at a time A perforated metal box produced by an Arcam 3D printer. This detailed A perforated metal box produced by an Arcam 3D printer. This detailed "calibration" part illustrates some of the versatility of 3D printing. Photo: Jason Richards (hi-res image) Things have come a long way since the mid-1980s when 3D Systems cofounder Chuck Hull worked out the technology to print objects in three dimensions, one very thin layer at a time. Hull called his new technology "stereolithography." In it, a guided beam of ultraviolet light is focused on a vat of liquid polymer, solidifying areas where it hits. When one layer is complete, the

271

Cancer theranostics: the rise of targeted magnetic nanoparticles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Interest in utilizing magnetic nanoparticles (MNP) for biomedical applications has increased considerably over the past two decades. This excitement has been driven in large part by the success of \\{MNPs\\} as contrast agents in magnetic resonance imaging. The recent investigative trend with respect to cancer has continued down a diagnostic path, but has also turned toward concurrent therapy, giving rise to the distinction of \\{MNPs\\} as potential theranostics. Here we review both the key technical principles of \\{MNPs\\} and ongoing advancement toward a cancer theranostic MNP. Recent progress in diagnostics, hyperthermia treatments, and drug delivery are all considered. We conclude by identifying current barriers to clinical translation of \\{MNPs\\} and offer considerations for their future development.

Adam J. Cole; Victor C. Yang; Allan E. David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Rising Jet-Inflated Bubbles in Clusters of Galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We conduct three-dimensional axisymmetric hydrodynamical numerical simulations of bubble evolution in clusters of galaxies. We inflate bubbles using slow, massive jets with a wide opening angle, and follow their evolution as they rise through the intra-cluster medium (ICM). We find that these jet-inflated bubbles are quite stable, and can reach large distances in the cluster while still maintaining their basic structure. The stability of the jet-inflated bubble comes mainly from the dense shell that forms around it during it's inflation stage, and from the outward momentum of the bubble and the shell. On the contrary, bubbles that are inserted by hand onto the grid and not inflated by a jet, i.e., an artificial bubble, lack these stabilizing factors, therefore, they are rapidly destroyed. The stability of the jet-inflated bubble removes the demand for stabilizing magnetic fields in the bubble.

Sternberg, Assaf

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Rising Jet-Inflated Bubbles in Clusters of Galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We conduct two-dimensional axisymmetric (referred to as 2.5D) hydrodynamical numerical simulations of bubble evolution in clusters of galaxies. We inflate bubbles using slow, massive jets with a wide opening angle, and follow their evolution as they rise through the intra-cluster medium (ICM). We find that these jet-inflated bubbles are quite stable, and can reach large distances in the cluster while still maintaining their basic structure. The stability of the jet-inflated bubble comes mainly from the dense shell that forms around it during it's inflation stage, and from the outward momentum of the bubble and the shell. On the contrary, bubbles that are inserted by hand onto the grid and not inflated by a jet, i.e., an artificial bubble, lack these stabilizing factors, therefore, they are rapidly destroyed. The stability of the jet-inflated bubble removes the demand for stabilizing magnetic fields in the bubble.

Assaf Sternberg; Noam Soker

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

274

Fact #735: July 9, 2012 U.S. Petroleum Exports Are on the Rise...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5: July 9, 2012 U.S. Petroleum Exports Are on the Rise Fact 735: July 9, 2012 U.S. Petroleum Exports Are on the Rise The amount of petroleum that the U.S. exports is small in...

275

U.S. Solar Manufacturing Rising on the Horizon | Department of...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Solar Manufacturing Rising on the Horizon U.S. Solar Manufacturing Rising on the Horizon January 29, 2015 - 2:35pm Addthis Solar demand in the U.S. is growing, and U.S. solar...

276

Sun Rises on Tribal Energy Future in Nevada | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sun Rises on Tribal Energy Future in Nevada Sun Rises on Tribal Energy Future in Nevada March 24, 2014 - 3:04pm Addthis 1 of 4 On March 21, 2014, tribal leaders and community...

277

Evolution of the Galapagos Rise and the Bauer Microplate: implications for the Nazca plate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

system between Pacific-Farallon spreading and the current East Pacific Rise (EPR) system. First order age/depth relationships for this area indicate that the Galapagos Rise, the most prominent extinct spreading system within the Nazca plate, accommodated...

Wright, Jennifer Catherine McGuire

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

278

Fact #652: December 6, 2010 U.S. Crude Oil Production Rises ...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

2: December 6, 2010 U.S. Crude Oil Production Rises Fact 652: December 6, 2010 U.S. Crude Oil Production Rises The production of crude oil in the U.S., including lease...

279

Single bubble rising dynamics for moderate Reynolds number using Lattice Boltzmann Method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Single bubble rising dynamics for moderate Reynolds number using Lattice Boltzmann Method Luz Amaya November 2009 Accepted 4 March 2010 Available online 18 March 2010 Keywords: Bubble rising Lattice Boltzmann Method Large viscosity ratio a b s t r a c t Dynamics of a single rising gas bubble is studied

Frey, Pascal

280

Pressure &Pressure & TemperatureTemperature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to measure atmospheric pressure, and thermometer toprobe to measure atmospheric pressure, and thermometer toprobe to measure atmospheric pressure, and thermometer toprobe to measure atmospheric pressure, and thermometer to measure air temperature.measure air temperature.measure air temperature.measure air temperature

California at Santa Cruz, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level rise temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

New Expressions for Level-restricted Kostka Polynomials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

consider the two generalizations together giving rise to level- restricted generalized Kostka polynomials KNew Expressions for Level-restricted Kostka Polynomials Anne Schilling 1 and Mark Shimozono 2 ? 1 to level-restriction. In particular we give an explicit characteriza- tion of the image of level

Schilling, Anne

282

The Ohio State University South Campus High Rise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The existing utility tunnel running generally east-west can be accessed between Hale Hall and Stradley Hall feeder in existing duct banks to serve the area or add a new feeder pair. Gas is provided via a Columbia Gas service line and is insufficient for any proposed generators or other equipment. At temperatures

283

A Soft-Switching Inverter for High-Temperature Advanced Hybrid Electric Vehicle Traction Motor Drives  

SciTech Connect

The state-of-the-art hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) require the inverter cooling system to have a separate loop to avoid power semiconductor junction over temperatures because the engine coolant temperature of 105?C does not allow for much temperature rise in silicon devices. The proposed work is to develop an advanced soft-switching inverter that will eliminate the device switching loss and cut down the power loss so that the inverter can operate at high-temperature conditions while operating at high switching frequencies with small current ripple in low inductance based permanent magnet motors. The proposed tasks also include high-temperature packaging and thermal modeling and simulation to ensure the packaged module can operate at the desired temperature. The developed module will be integrated with the motor and vehicle controller for dynamometer and in-vehicle testing to prove its superiority. This report will describe the detailed technical design of the soft-switching inverters and their test results. The experiments were conducted both in module level for the module conduction and switching characteristics and in inverter level for its efficiency under inductive and dynamometer load conditions. The performance will be compared with the DOE original specification.

None, None

2012-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

284

Liquid-level detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Aliquid level sensor is described which has a pair of upright conductors spaced by an insulator defining a first high resistance path between the conductors. An electrically conductive path is interposed between the upright conductors at a discrete location at which liquid level is to be measured. It includes a liquid accessible gap of a dimension such that the electrical resistance across the conductor when the gap is filled with the liquid is detectably less than when the gap is emptied. The conductor might also be physically altered by temperature changes to serve also as an indicator of elevated temperature.

Not Available

1981-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

285

ARM - What About Melting Polar Ice Caps and Sea Levels?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

probable) and the seaice interface could retreat to the north. This is likely to cause a rise in sea level (probable), but just how much is uncertain. We could make better...

286

Science Behind the Fiction: The Dark Knight Rises [2012] | Argonne National  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

It makes for good drama, but the "fusion reactor" bomb (above) in The Dark Knight Rises fizzles in the face of physics. It makes for good drama, but the "fusion reactor" bomb (above) in The Dark Knight Rises fizzles in the face of physics. It makes for good drama, but the "fusion reactor" bomb (above) in The Dark Knight Rises fizzles in the face of physics. Science Behind the Fiction: The Dark Knight Rises [2012] Science Behind the Fiction: The Dark Knight Rises [2012] By Louise Lerner * September 13, 2013 Tweet EmailPrint Science Behind the Fiction critiques the science portrayed in popular films and literature. In this issue, Argonne nuclear scientist Keith Bradley debunks the "fusion" bomb in The Dark Knight Rises, the final installment in Christopher Nolan's Batman trilogy. "Theatricality and deception are powerful agents to the uninitiated,"

287

ECE 466: LED Lighting Systems -Incandescent lightings rise and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

versus cost - Power Electronic Drives for CFL and LED light sources to achieve dimmable operation - Basic electric AC and DC circuits at Sophomore level or equivalents Absolutes Lighting System Requirements index as a metric of a light source - Power Electronic Energy sources driving light sources in a compact

Schumacher, Russ

288

The resistible rise of private labels Michel Dietsch  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Stock Keeping Unit (SKU) assumes item deletions for other types of brand ­ especially national brands an efficient strategy for a retailer wishing to enhance her unit sales. Although private labels can's and national brand's SKU and store-level unit sales. Results are given with respect to store size. We find

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

289

A REVIEW OF GLOBAL OCEAN TEMPERATURE OBSERVATIONS: IMPLICATIONS FOR OCEAN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by taking an inventory of changes in energy storage. The main storage is in the ocean, the latest values, Energy Sustainable Economic, Earth's energy imbalance, and thermosteric sea level rise. Up-to-date estimates are provided

290

Ground water of Yucca Mountain: How high can it rise?; Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the geology, hydrology, and possible rise of the water tables at Yucca Mountain. The possibilities of rainfall and earthquakes causing flooding is discussed.

NONE

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

291

Investigating Low Temperature Properties of Rubber Seals - 13020  

SciTech Connect

To achieve the required tightness levels of containers for low and intermediate level radioactive wastes rubbers are widely applied as main sealing materials. The save encapsulation of the radioactive container contents has to be guaranteed according to legislation and appropriate guidelines for long storage periods as well as down to temperatures of -40 deg. C during transportation. Therefore the understanding of failure mechanisms that lead to leakage at low temperatures is of high importance. It is known that the material properties of rubbers are strongly influenced by temperature. At low temperatures this is caused by the rubber-glass transition (abbr. glass transition). During continuous cooling the material changes from rubber-like entropy-elastic to stiff energy-elastic behaviour, that allows nearly no strain or retraction. Therefore, rubbers are normally used above their glass transition but the minimum working temperature limit is not defined precisely, what can cause problems during application. The temperature range where full functionality is possible is strongly dependent on the application conditions and the material. For this investigation mainly ethylene propylene diene (EPDM) and fluorocarbon rubbers (FKM) were selected as they are often used for radioactive waste containers. Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) and Dynamic Mechanical Analysis (DMA) are typically used for the determination of the temperature range of the glass transition process. The standardized compression set measurement according to ISO 815 is common for investigation of rubber sealing materials as the test simulates the seal behaviour after release. To reduce the test time of the standard tests a faster technique giving the same information was developed. Additionally, the breakdown temperature of the sealing function of complete O-ring seals is measured in a component test setup to compare it with the results of the other tests. The experimental setup is capable of measuring the leakage rate at low temperatures by the pressure rise method. A model was developed that allows calculating the minimum working temperature limit of a seal by combining the results of the applied methods. (authors)

Jaunich, M.; Wolff, D.; Stark, W. [BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Unter den Eichen 87, 12203 Berlin (Germany)] [BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Unter den Eichen 87, 12203 Berlin (Germany)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Liquid level detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A liquid level detector for conductive liquids for vertical installation in a tank, the detector having a probe positioned within a sheath and insulated therefrom by a seal so that the tip of the probe extends proximate to but not below the lower end of the sheath, the lower end terminating in a rim that is provided with notches, said lower end being tapered, the taper and notches preventing debris collection and bubble formation, said lower end when contacting liquid as it rises will form an airtight cavity defined by the liquid, the interior sheath wall, and the seal, the compression of air in the cavity preventing liquid from further entry into the sheath and contact with the seal. As a result, the liquid cannot deposit a film to form an electrical bridge across the seal.

Tshishiku, Eugene M. (Augusta, GA)

2011-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

293

External vs. body temperature  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

External vs. body temperature External vs. body temperature Name: jacqui Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: If one's internal body temperature is approximately 98.6, WHY when the external temperature is 98.6 do we feel hot? Since both temperatures are "balanced", shouldn't we feel comfortable? I am assuming here that humidity levels are controlled, and play no factor in the external temperature. Replies: First of all, skin temperature is lower than 98.6F; 98.6F is internal body temperature, so air at 98.6F is hotter than skin. But more important, it is the nervous system, and the cells in your skin that your brain uses to detect temperature that determine whether you "feel" hot or not, not whether the air is hotter than your skin. These are set so that you feel hot when the air is actually colder than your skin. Why? They are probably set to make you feel hot whenever the air is warm enough so that your body has some trouble getting rid of the excess heat it produces through metabolism. This insures that you take some actions to help your body cool off. Like drinking cool water, or reducing exercise

294

Study on Smoke Control Strategy in a High-rise Building Fire  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract During the high-rise building fire, it is crucial to win the time for occupant evacuation. One of the possible methods is to utilize HVAC operations to control/slow down smoke propagation on the fire floor. It is also possible to supply fresh air to the path of the evacuation so that occupants will not breathe into the poison gases. HVAC operations can control heat change and smoke conditions and change the fluid flow directionally so that it is possible to optimize the HVAC operations to make the building safer during fire. In this paper, the effects of HVAC operations, air supply system and mechanical smoke exhaust system will be studied. A smoke propagation model using the Large Eddy Simulation will be developed to study the smoke propagation under different HVAC operations. Simulation results show the temperatures at the fire room exit for different supply air quantities. Results also show that smoke propagation method is affected by the building construction, air supply and smoke exhaust system. The smoke control strategy is investigated.

Yuan Yu; Yan-yan Chu; Dong Liang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect nt-pro-bnp levels Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technologies and Information Sciences 72 This Letter presented projections of future sea-level rise based on simulations of the past 22,000 years of sea-level history using a...

296

Submeter bathymetric mapping of volcanic and hydrothermal features on the East Pacific Rise crest at 9500  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of bathymetric changes associated with active volcanic, hydrothermal and tectonic processes. Components: 15Submeter bathymetric mapping of volcanic and hydrothermal features on the East Pacific Rise crest to produce submeter resolution bathymetric maps of five hydrothermal vent areas at the East Pacific Rise (EPR

Whitcomb, Louis L.

297

Modelling bubble rise and interaction with a glass Rogerio Manica1*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modelling bubble rise and interaction with a glass surface Rogerio Manica1* , Maurice H. W. Hendrix A theoretical model has been developed to analyse experimental data of millimetre- size bubbles rising under for bubble deformations on the micrometre scale in the interaction zone with quantitative precision

Chan, Derek Y C

298

The role of early fundamental frequency rises and elbows in French word segmentation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The study examined intonational cues to word beginnings in French. French has an optional ''early rise'' in fundamental frequency (F"0) starting at the beginning of a content word. The role of this rise in segmentation by human listeners had previously ... Keywords: French, Intonation, Prosody, Speech segmentation, Word segmentation

Pauline Welby

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Cycling on the Rise: Public Bicycles and other European Experiences | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cycling on the Rise: Public Bicycles and other European Experiences Cycling on the Rise: Public Bicycles and other European Experiences Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Cycling on the Rise: Public Bicycles and other European Experiences Agency/Company /Organization: SpiCycles Focus Area: Transportation Resource Type: Publications, Lessons learned/best practices User Interface: Website Website: spicycles.velo.info/Portals/0/Deliverables/SpicyclesFinal_Booklet_smal Cost: Free Cycling on the Rise: Public Bicycles and other European Experiences Screenshot References: Cycling on the Rise: Public Bicycles and other European Experiences[1] "When the Spicycles project was launched in 2006, cycling was not the "hot" mode of transport that it has become today. As project partners, we wanted to gather experience related to specific areas of cycling policy.

300

Geopolymer concretes: a green construction technology rising from the ash  

SciTech Connect

Researchers at Louisiana Tech University have embarked on a multi-year research initiative to develop applications for inorganic polymer concrete, or geopolymer concrete, in the area of civil construction, and to bring solve of these applications to market. One objective was to produce a spray-on coating for use in the harsh environment of wastewater conveyance and treatment facilities. Another project is to establish relationships between fly ash composition and particle size distribution and the mechanical attributes and workability of the resulting geopolymer concrete. A third project is to develop a 'smart' geopolymer concrete whose response to a given electric current can be correlated to the stress level to which the structure is subjected. 1 fig., 6 photos.

Allouche, E. [Louisiana Tech University, LA (United States)

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level rise temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

The rise of low-cost sensing for managing air pollution in cities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Ever growing populations in cities are associated with a major increase in road vehicles and air pollution. The overall high levels of urban air pollution have been shown to be of a significant risk to city dwellers. However, the impacts of very high but temporally and spatially restricted pollution, and thus exposure, are still poorly understood. Conventional approaches to air quality monitoring are based on networks of static and sparse measurement stations. However, these are prohibitively expensive to capture tempo-spatial heterogeneity and identify pollution hotspots, which is required for the development of robust real-time strategies for exposure control. Current progress in developing low-cost micro-scale sensing technology is radically changing the conventional approach to allow real-time information in a capillary form. But the question remains whether there is value in the less accurate data they generate. This article illustrates the drivers behind current rises in the use of low-cost sensors for air pollution management in cities, while addressing the major challenges for their effective implementation.

Prashant Kumar; Lidia Morawska; Claudio Martani; George Biskos; Marina Neophytou; Silvana Di Sabatino; Margaret Bell; Leslie Norford; Rex Britter

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Fractal and Multifractal Analysis of the Rise of Oxygen in Earth's Early Atmosphere  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The rise of oxygen in Earth's atmosphere that occurred 2.4 to 2.2 billion years ago is known as the Earth's Great Oxidation, and its impact on the development of life on Earth has been profound. Thereafter, the increase in Earth's oxygen level persisted, though at a more gradual pace. The proposed underlying mathematical models for these processes are based on physical parameters whose values are currently not well-established owing to uncertainties in geological and biological data. In this paper, a previously developed model of Earth's atmosphere is modified by adding different strengths of noise to account for the parameters' uncertainties. The effects of the noise on the time variations of oxygen, carbon and methane for the early Earth are investigated by using fractal and multifractal analysis. We show that the time variations following the Great Oxidation cannot properly be described by a single fractal dimension because they exhibit multifractal characteristics. The obtained results demonstrate that the time series as obtained exhibit multifractality caused by long-range time correlations.

Satish Kumar; Manfred Cuntz; Zdzislaw E. Musielak

2014-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

303

Wafer-Level Thermocompression Bonds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermocompression bonding of gold is a promising technique for achieving low temperature, wafer-level bonding without the application of an electric field or complicated pre-bond cleaning procedure. The presence of a ductile ...

Tsau, Christine H.

304

Shoreface Morphodynamics, Back Beach Variability, and Implications of Future Sea-Level Rise for California's Sandy Shorelines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Coastal Engineering Structures, and History Huntington BeachCoastal Engineering Structures, and Nourishment HistoryCoastal Engineering Structures, and Nourishment History

Harden, Erika Lynne

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Rapid Mud Accumulation On the Central Texas Shelf Linked To Climate Change and Sea-Level Rise  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...R. Weight1a , John B. Anderson2 and Rodrigo Fernandez2 1BHP Billiton Petroleum, Exploration...facility following the procedures outlined in Santos et al. (2007). Because fully articulated and intact shells were scarce...Sedimentology, v. 48, p. 837a 853. a Santos G.M., Moore R.B., Southon J...

Robert W. R. Weight; John B. Anderson; Rodrigo Fernandez

306

Sea-level rise and its possible impacts given a beyond 4C world in the twenty-first century  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Department of Engineering and Public Policy, Carnegie Mellon University...ice sheets reinforce these messages, and at the least, a low-probability...assumptions about the main energy sources. The A1 population peaks...Dioxide chemistry Climate Change Conservation of Natural Resources Earth...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

A New Model to Construct Ice Stream Surface Elevation Profiles and Calculate Contributions to Sea-Level Rise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to produce independent assessments of the state of polar iceproduce these predictions account for thermal expansion, changes in non-polar glaciers and ice

Adachi, Yosuke

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Detailed photoluminescence studies of thin film Cu{sub 2}S for determination of quasi-Fermi level splitting and defect levels  

SciTech Connect

We have studied chalcocite (Cu{sub 2}S) layers prepared by physical vapor deposition with varying deposition parameters by calibrated spectral photoluminescence (PL) and by confocal PL with lateral resolution of ??x?0.9??m. Calibrated PL experiments as a function of temperature T and excitation fluxes were performed to obtain the absolute PL-yield and to calculate the splitting of the quasi-Fermi levels (QFLs) ?=E{sub f,n}?E{sub f,p} at an excitation flux equivalent to the AM 1.5 spectrum and the absorption coefficient ?(??), both in the temperature range of 20?K?T?400?K. The PL-spectra reveal two peaks at E{sub #1}=1.17?eV and E{sub #2}=1.3?eV. The samples show a QFL-splitting of ?>700?meV associated with a pseudo band gap of E{sub g}=1.25?eV. The high-energy peak shows an unexpected temperature behavior, namely, an increase of PL-yield with rising temperature at variance with the behavior of QFL-splitting that decreases with rising T. Our observations indicate that, contrary to common believe, it is not the PL-yield, but rather the QFL-splitting that is the comprehensive indicator of the quality of the excited state in an illuminated semiconductor. A further examination of the lateral variation of opto-electronic properties by confocal PL and the surface contour shows no detectable correlation between Cu{sub 2}S grains/grain boundaries and the PL-yield or QFL-splitting.

Strter, H., E-mail: hendrik.straeter@uni-oldenburg.de; Brggemann, R.; Bauer, G. H. [Institute of Physics, Carl von Ossietzky University Oldenburg, 26111 Oldenburg (Germany); Siol, S.; Klein, A.; Jaegermann, W. [Surface Science Division, Institute of Materials Science, Technische Universitt Darmstadt, Petersenstrae 32, 64287 Darmstadt (Germany)

2013-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

309

TRENDS: TEMPERATURE  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Historical Isotopic Temperature Record from the Vostok Ice Core Historical Isotopic Temperature Record from the Vostok Ice Core Graphics Digital Data J.R. Petit, D. Raynaud, and C. Lorius Laboratoire de Glaciogie et Géophysique de l'Environnement, CNRS, Saint Martin d'Hères Cedex, France J. Jouzel and G. Delaygue Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement (LSCE), CEA/CNRS, L'Orme des Merisiers, CEA Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France N.I. Barkov Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute, Beringa Street 38, 199397 St. Petersburg, Russia V.M. Kotlyakov Institute of Geography, Staromonetny, per 29, Moscow 109017, Russia DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/cli.006 Period of Record 420,000 years BP-present Methods Because isotopic fractions of the heavier oxygen-18 (18O) and deuterium (D) in snowfall are temperature-dependent and a strong spatial correlation

310

Our winters of discontent: Addressing the problem of rising home-heating costs1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by rising fuel prices in international energy markets and the absence of federal and provincial energy: · The cost of motive fuels (gasoline and diesel), electricity, and energy for home space heating will all

Hughes, Larry

311

Asthenospheric flow and asymmetry of the East Pacific Rise, James A. Conder,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Asthenospheric flow and asymmetry of the East Pacific Rise, MELT area James A. Conder,1 Donald W [Evans et al., 1999]. The results of the experi- ment are consistent with a broad zone of melting [MELT

Conder, James

312

Fact #646: October 25, 2010 Prices for Used Vehicles Rise Sharply...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Vehicles Rise Sharply from 2008 to 2010 The collapse of new vehicle sales in 2008 has led to lower sales volumes of new vehicles. Also, consumers and business are holding on to...

313

George Beauchamp and the rise of the electric guitar up to 1939  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis examines the rise of the electric guitar in the United States arguably the most iconic and successful musical instrument of the 20th century and the role of George Beauchamp in its invention and development. ...

Hill, Matthew William

2014-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

314

Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Leg 207 recently cored sediments on the Demerara Rise at ~9N  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rise,north of Suriname and French Guyana, South America,is an ideal drilling target because expanded of Suriname,and is ~220 km wide from the shelf break to the northeastern escarpment. Most of the plateau lies

Bice, Karen L.

315

A Single Continuous Function as a Model for Fast Rise Exponential Decay Gamma-Ray Bursts.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A quantitative analysis was performed on a sample of Fast-Rise Exponential-Decay gamma-ray bursts using a continuous fitting function. The data were obtained from the Large (more)

Logue, Daniel B

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Impact of cladding on mid-rise buildings in the Northridge Earthquake  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, the importance of cladding panels on mid-rise buildings in an earthquake-prone region is investigated. A cladding panel acts as a protective or an insulating layer to control weather infiltration. The ...

Kuo, Chuan-Hua

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Fact #715: February 20, 2012 The Average Age of Light Vehicles Continues to Rise  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The average age for cars and light trucks continues to rise as consumers hold onto their vehicles longer. Between 1995 and 2011, the average age for cars increased by 32% from 8.4 years to 11.1...

318

Elemental and isotopic compositions of the hydrothermal sulfide on the East Pacific Rise near 13N  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The mineralogical, elemental, and isotopic characteristics of a hydrothermal sulfide sample from one dredge station (1242.30?N, 10354.48?W, water depth 2655 m) on the East Pacific Rise near 13N were analyze...

ZhiGang Zeng; DaiGeng Chen; XueBo Yin; XiaoYuan Wang

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Crustal low-velocity zone south of Shatsky Rise, northwest Pacific Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The detailed seismic refraction investigation of the oceanic crust south of Shatsky Rise in the Northwestern Pacific revealed a low velocity zone (LVZ) ... upwelling at the place of now overdeepened ocean would...

Gennady I. Anosov; Vladimir V. Argentov; Helios S. Gnibidenko

320

Superconducting trapped-field magnets: Temperature and field distributions during pulsed-field activation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

progress in fabrication of large-sized high- temperature superconductors with high critical current den We calculate the temperature and magnetic field distributions in a bulk superconductor during leads to a strong temperature rise in superconductor during the activation pro- cess. There have already

Johansen, Tom Henning

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level rise temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

20 My of nitrogen fixation during deposition of mid-Cretaceous black shales on the Demerara Rise, equatorial Atlantic Ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Drilling Pro- gram (ODP) Leg 207 on the Demerara Rise offshore of Surinam is up to 90 m in thickness

Gilli, Adrian

322

Global Warming and Caspian Sea Level Fluctuations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Coastal regions have a high social, economical and environmental importance. Due to this importance the sea level fluctuations can have many bad consequences. In this research the correlation between the increasing trend of temperature in coastal stations due to Global Warming and the Caspian Sea level has been established. The Caspian Sea level data has been received from the Jason-1 satellite. It was resulted that the monthly correlation between the temperature and sea level is high and also positive and almost the same for all the stations. But the yearly correlation was negative. It means that the sea level has decreased by the increase in temperature.

Ardakanian, Reza

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

EA-2001: Energy Efficiency Design Standards: New Federal Commercial and Multi-Family High-Rise Residential Buildings and New Federal Low-Rise Residential Buildings  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is publishing this final rule to implement provisions in the Energy Conservation and Production Act (ECPA) that require DOE to update the baseline Federal energy efficiency performance standards for the construction of new Federal commercial and multi-family high-rise residential buildings. This rule updates the baseline Federal commercial standard to the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) Standard 90.1-2013.

324

Recent changes in solar outputs and the global mean surface temperature. III. Analysis of contributions to global mean air surface temperature rise  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...we derive the heat capacity pertinent to solar variations , which corresponds...Likewise, the heat capacity pertinent to volcanic...volcanic aerosols and solar) are short, the equilibrium...sensitivities and pertinent heat capacities are also small (as...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Study of the effects of high temperatures during quenches on the performance of a small Nb(3)Sn racetrack magnet  

SciTech Connect

Several high field Nb{sub 3}Sn magnets of different design are under development for future particle accelerators. The high levels of stored energy in these magnets and the high current densities in the conductor can cause high peak temperatures during a quench. The thermal gradients generated in the epoxy-impregnated magnet coils during the fast temperature rise can result in high thermo-mechanical stresses. Considering the sensitivity of Nb{sub 3}Sn to strain and epoxy cracks, it is important to define a maximum acceptable temperature in the coils during a quench which does not cause degradation of the magnet performance. A program was launched at Fermilab to study the effects of thermo-mechanical stress in Nb{sub 3}Sn coils, supported by experiments and by analysis. In collaboration with LBNL, a sub-scaled magnet was built and instrumented to measure the effect of the thermo-mechanical shock during magnet quenches. The magnet consisted of two racetrack coils, assembled in a common coil configuration with a small gap in between. During the test, the magnet reached the maximum field of {approx} 11 T at the short sample current of 9100 A. Temperature excursions up to 400 K did not diminish the magnet quench performance; only after temperature excursions over 430 K, the magnet showed detraining effects, which reduced occasionally the quench current of about 6%. Signs of irreversible degradation (reducing the maximum current of about 3%) appeared only after temperature excursions over 550 K.

Linda Imbasciati et al.

2004-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

326

90.1 Prototype Building Models Mid-rise Apartment | Building Energy Codes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mid-rise Apartment Mid-rise Apartment The ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype building models were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program. These prototype buildings were derived from DOE's Commercial Reference Building Models. This suite of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype buildings covers all the Reference Building types except supermarket, and also adds a new building prototype representing high-rise apartment buildings.The prototype models include 16 building types in 17 climate locations for ASHRAE Standards 90.1-2004, 90.1-2007 and 90.1-2010. This combination leads to a set of 816 building models (in EnergyPlus Version 6.0). Also included is a scorecard for each prototype building. The scorecard is a spreadsheet that summarizes the

327

Experimental Endeavour on a Pillar of Flame: Space Shuttle Rises with  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Experimental Endeavour on a Pillar of Flame: Space Shuttle Rises Experimental Endeavour on a Pillar of Flame: Space Shuttle Rises with Ambitious Technology Aboard Experimental Endeavour on a Pillar of Flame: Space Shuttle Rises with Ambitious Technology Aboard May 17, 2011 - 5:15pm Addthis Smoke cloud from Endeavour's Final Launge | Photo: NASA, Troy Cryder Smoke cloud from Endeavour's Final Launge | Photo: NASA, Troy Cryder Charles Rousseaux Charles Rousseaux Senior Writer, Office of Science What are the key facts? Space Shuttle Endeavour, which lifted off on its final mission Monday, carrying the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS) experiment. In addition to measuring how cosmic rays flow and what they are made of, the AMS will also search for cosmic rays made of a special form of matter known as antimatter. By looking for new particles in space via the AMS, scientists might

328

NAS-NAE National Convocation on "Rising Above the Gathering Storm Two Years  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NAS-NAE National Convocation on "Rising Above the Gathering Storm NAS-NAE National Convocation on "Rising Above the Gathering Storm Two Years Later: Accelerating Progress toward a Brighter Economic Future" NAS-NAE National Convocation on "Rising Above the Gathering Storm Two Years Later: Accelerating Progress toward a Brighter Economic Future" April 29, 2008 - 11:31am Addthis Remarks As Prepared for Delivery by Secretary Bodman Thank you, Tom for that kind introduction. And I want to commend you, Norm Augustine and Chuck Vest for your continued leadership on these issues. You are powerful voices for urgent and sustained action to preserve this nation's technological preeminence - and our economic competitiveness. It's a pleasure to be here with you all, and with my good friends Margaret and Carlos. It strikes me that we are in the fortunate position of

329

Fun Fact Friday: U.S. Renewables on the Rise | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fun Fact Friday: U.S. Renewables on the Rise Fun Fact Friday: U.S. Renewables on the Rise Fun Fact Friday: U.S. Renewables on the Rise November 8, 2013 - 3:00pm Addthis Hydropower is a major source of renewable energy in the United States. | Photo of Wanapum Dam in Washington courtesy of Grant County Public Utility District Hydropower is a major source of renewable energy in the United States. | Photo of Wanapum Dam in Washington courtesy of Grant County Public Utility District Steve Lindenberg Senior Advisor, Renewable Energy Greetings, EERE blog readers! In our inaugural edition of Fun Fact Friday, we compared the ranges of several plug-in hybrid vehicles. Today, we take a quick look at the nation's sources of electricity. In 2012, 12% of our electricity came from U.S. power plants using renewable

330

Rising Solar Energy Science and Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rising Solar Energy Science and Technology Co Ltd Rising Solar Energy Science and Technology Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Rising Solar Energy Science and Technology Co Ltd Place Qinhuangdao, Hebei Province, China Zip 66600 Sector Solar Product Chinese solar module laminator manufacturer Coordinates 39.931011°, 119.597221° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.931011,"lon":119.597221,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

331

Experimental Endeavour on a Pillar of Flame: Space Shuttle Rises with  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Experimental Endeavour on a Pillar of Flame: Space Shuttle Rises Experimental Endeavour on a Pillar of Flame: Space Shuttle Rises with Ambitious Technology Aboard Experimental Endeavour on a Pillar of Flame: Space Shuttle Rises with Ambitious Technology Aboard May 17, 2011 - 5:15pm Addthis Smoke cloud from Endeavour's Final Launge | Photo: NASA, Troy Cryder Smoke cloud from Endeavour's Final Launge | Photo: NASA, Troy Cryder Charles Rousseaux Charles Rousseaux Senior Writer, Office of Science What are the key facts? Space Shuttle Endeavour, which lifted off on its final mission Monday, carrying the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS) experiment. In addition to measuring how cosmic rays flow and what they are made of, the AMS will also search for cosmic rays made of a special form of matter known as antimatter. By looking for new particles in space via the AMS, scientists might

332

Rise Time of the Simulated VERITAS 12 m Davies-Cotton Reflector  

SciTech Connect

The Very Energetic Radiation Imaging Telescope Array System (VERITAS) will utilise Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescopes (IACTs) based on a Davies-Cotton design with f-number f/1.0 to detect cosmic gamma-rays. Unlike a parabolic reflector, light from the Davies-Cotton does not arrive isochronously at the camera. Here the effect of the telescope geometry on signal rise-time is examined. An almost square-pulse arrival time profile with a rise time of 1.7 ns is found analytically and confirmed through simulation.

White, Richard J. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds (United Kingdom)

2005-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

333

Effect of reactor conditions on MSIV (main steam isolation valves)-ATWS power level  

SciTech Connect

In a boiling water reactor (BWR) when there is closure of the main steam isolation valves (MSIVs), the energy generated in the core will be transferred to the pressure suppression pool (PSP) via steam flows out of the relief valves. The pool has limited capacity as a heat sink and hence, if there is no reactor trip (an ATWS event), there is the possibility that the pool temperature may rise beyond acceptable limits. The present study was undertaken to determine how the initial reactor conditions affect the power during an MSIV-ATWS event. The time of interest is during the 20-30 minute period when it is assumed that the reactor is in a quasi-equilibrium condition with the water level and pressure fixed, natural circulation conditions and no control rod movement or significant boron in the core. The initial conditions of interest are the time during the cycle and the operating state. 4 refs., 2 tabs.

Diamond, D.J.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Resistance minimum observed at Landau level filling factor ?=1/2 in ultra high magnetic fields  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the magnetotransport near Landau level filling factor ?=1/2 in a gated GaAs-Al0.3Ga0.7As square quantum well (width 35 nm) in magnetic field up to 45 T and in a temperature (T) range between 50 mK and 1.5 K. The longitudinal resistance at ?=1/2, Rxx(?=1/2), exhibits a steep valley that is flanked by a pair of rising resistance peaks in low T. The Rxx(?=1/2) shows nonmonotonous dependence on T, with a minimum resistance reached at T?0.5?K. The concomitant Hall resistance Rxy is not strictly linear with magnetic field and its slope shows a sharp cusp at ?=1/2, indicating a nonclassical Hall effect. The data are characteristic for ultra high field magnetotransport around ?=1/2 in thick, but single-layer, quantum wells.

Jian Zhang; R. R. Du; J. A. Simmons; J. L. Reno

2010-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

335

Soil Water and Temperature System (SWATS) Handbook  

SciTech Connect

The soil water and temperature system (SWATS) provides vertical profiles of soil temperature, soil-water potential, and soil moisture as a function of depth below the ground surface at hourly intervals. The temperature profiles are measured directly by in situ sensors at the Central Facility and many of the extended facilities of the SGP climate research site. The soil-water potential and soil moisture profiles are derived from measurements of soil temperature rise in response to small inputs of heat. Atmospheric scientists use the data in climate models to determine boundary conditions and to estimate the surface energy flux. The data are also useful to hydrologists, soil scientists, and agricultural scientists for determining the state of the soil.

Bond, D

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Dark Rate of a Photomultiplier at Cryogenic Temperatures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When cooled below room temperature, the pulse response of a photomultiplier in the absence of light (dark rate) initially decreases, but then turns around near 250 K and continues to rise all the way down to 4 K. When the photomultiplier is cold, its dark response is burst-like. We have measured the characteristics of the dark response of a photomultiplier.

H. O. Meyer

2008-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

337

Certificate in Literary Studies This Certificate aims to introduce students to advanced study of literature at university level,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

40 credits at level 2 Modern poetry 40 credits at level 1 The rise of the novel 40 credits at level 1 of literature at university level, with particular emphasis on the historical and cultural contexts that inform various literary styles. To complete the certificate (120 credits at level 1) you must gain a minimum

Guo, Zaoyang

338

Rapid measurement of minimum miscibility pressure with the rising-bubble apparatus  

SciTech Connect

The minimum miscibility pressure (MMP) for a gas/oil pair can be measured within 1 hour with the rising-bubble apparatus (RBA). Development of miscibility between a gas bubble and an oil can be observed visually. The measurements of the MMP with the RBA compare favorably with those based on slim-tube experiments and predictions from phase-behavior studies.

Christiansen, R.L.; Haines, H.K.

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

CBER-DETR Nevada Coincident and Leading Employment Coincident Index Rises, Leading Index Pauses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the seasonally adjusted data reported by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The Nevada Coincident Employment IndexCBER-DETR Nevada Coincident and Leading Employment Indexes1 Coincident Index Rises, Leading Index Pauses The Nevada Coincident Employment Index measures the ups and downs of the Nevada economy using

Ahmad, Sajjad

340

Pertussis is on the rise Whooping Cough (or pertussis) is Not Just For Kids.........  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pertussis is on the rise Whooping Cough (or pertussis) is Not Just For Kids......... Pertussis, also known as "whooping cough," is a communicable bacterial disease that is spread through droplets from the mouth and nose when a person with pertussis coughs, sneezes, or talks. This disease has

Wilcock, William

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level rise temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Lattice Boltzmann simulation of the rise and dissolution of two-1 dimensional immiscible droplets2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transport of nonaqueous-phase liquid contaminant in groundwater. For example, in geological45 carbon to buoyancy leads to brine flowing around it, which accelerates the dissolution of47 scCO2. In addition, the dissolved scCO2 slightly increases the density of brine, which might give48 rise to downward density

Zhang, Dongxiao

342

Rise of the Robots A look at the growth of robotics globally  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rise of the Robots A look at the growth of robotics globally Minnesota's emerging robotics cluster #12;Global publication based in MN Mike Davin Editor, The Business of Robotics Communications Chair, Association for Unmanned Vehicle Systems International Advisory Committee, Robotics Alley

Levinson, David M.

343

The singularity at the tip of the rising plane bubble: The case of nonzero surface tension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The singularity at the tip of the rising plane bubble: The case of nonzero surface tension Prabir pointed bubble in the presenceof surface tension. These bubbles have been recently obtained by Vanden to find the apexangle as a function of the speedof the bubbles for a fixed value of surface tension

Daripa, Prabir

344

To begin, what gave rise to this project on anticipatory learning for climate change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To begin, what gave rise to this project on anticipatory learning for climate change adaptation processes for climate change adaptation (CCA) whilst working on a USAID funded project, Climate Change in Africa. From prior work on the USAID project and having studied climate change mitigation among small

Giles, C. Lee

345

Induced abortion ratio in modern Sweden falls with age, but rises again before menopause  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Induced abortion ratio in modern Sweden falls with age, but rises again before menopause Birgitta S. Tullberga, *, Virpi Lummaab,1 a Department of Zoology, University of Stockholm, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden b than on age per se. We used data on abortions and births in Sweden during 1994 to investigate how

Tullberg, Birgitta

346

HiRISE observations of new impact craters exposing Martian ground ice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ice rather than ice-cemented regolith. Although some clean ice may be produced by the impact processHiRISE observations of new impact craters exposing Martian ground ice Colin M. Dundas1 , Shane craters or clusters have been observed to excavate bright material inferred to be ice at mid

Byrne, Shane

347

initial rise in respiratory quotient (RQ) was also similar in both groups. However, in rats  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

initial rise in respiratory quotient (RQ) was also similar in both groups. However, in rats fed in rats fed the TC diet the decline in RQ was more progressive and began its decrease only 3-4 h after ad libitum to two groups of eight male Wister rats. Rats fed the TD diet showed the first significant

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

348

Response to Comment on "Fate of Rising CO2 Droplets in Seawater"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Response to Comment on "Fate of Rising CO2 Droplets in Seawater" I welcome the comment by Alendal is greater than ambient seawater so that CO2 liquid would sink and gradually dissolve in seawater." Alendal by which ocean storage could produce a disaster like that at Lake Nyos". The IPCC report (4

Zhang, Youxue

349

The Rise of Oxygen over the Past 205 Million Years and the Evolution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Rise of Oxygen over the Past 205 Million Years and the Evolution of Large Placental Mammals to the present, we modeled oxygen concentrations over the past 205 million years. Our analysis indicates that atmospheric oxygen approximately doubled over this period, with rela- tively rapid increases in the early

350

Identification of matrix conditions that give rise to the linear coupling resonances  

SciTech Connect

General definitions of horizontal and vertical amplitudes for linear coupled motion are developed from the normal form of the one-turn matrix. This leads to the identification of conditions on the matrix that give rise to the linear coupling sum and difference resonances. The correspondence with the standard hamiltonian treatment of the resonances is discussed.

Gardner,C.J.

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Optical temperature indicator using thermochromic semiconductors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A reversible optical temperature indicator utilizes thermochromic semiconductors which vary in color in response to various temperature levels. The thermochromic material is enclosed in an enamel which provides protection and prevents breakdown at higher temperatures. Cadmium sulfide is the preferred semiconductor material. The indicator may be utilized as a sign or in a striped arrangement to clearly provide a warning to a user. The various color responses provide multiple levels of alarm.

Kronberg, J.W.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Fuel Temperature Coefficient of Reactivity  

SciTech Connect

A method for measuring the fuel temperature coefficient of reactivity in a heterogeneous nuclear reactor is presented. The method, which is used during normal operation, requires that calibrated control rods be oscillated in a special way at a high reactor power level. The value of the fuel temperature coefficient of reactivity is found from the measured flux responses to these oscillations. Application of the method in a Savannah River reactor charged with natural uranium is discussed.

Loewe, W.E.

2001-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

353

Final Report on "Rising CO2 and Long-term Carbon Storage in Terrestrial Ecosystems: An Empirical Carbon Budget Validation"  

SciTech Connect

The primary goal of this report is to report the results of Grant DE-FG02-97ER62458, which began in 1997 as Grant DOE-98-59-MP-4 funded through the TECO program. However, this project has a longer history because DOE also funded this study from its inception in 1985 through 1997. The original grant was focused on plant responses to elevated CO2 in an intact ecosystem, while the latter grant was focused on belowground responses. Here we summarize the major findings across the 25 years this study has operated, and note that the experiment will continue to run through 2020 with NSF support. The major conclusions of the study to date are: (1 Elevated CO2 stimulated plant productivity in the C3 plant community by ~30% during the 25 year study. The magnitude of the increase in productivity varied interannually and was sometime absent altogether. There is some evidence of down-regulation at the ecosystem level across the 25 year record that may be due to interactions with other factors such as sea-level rise or long-term changes in N supply; (2) Elevated CO2 stimulated C4 productivity by <10%, perhaps due to more efficient water use, but C3 plants at elevated CO2 did not displace C4 plants as predicted; (3) Increased primary production caused a general stimulation of microbial processes, but there were both increases and decreases in activity depending on the specific organisms considered. An increase in methanogenesis and methane emissions implies elevated CO2 may amplify radiative forcing in the case of wetland ecosystems; (4) Elevated CO2 stimulated soil carbon sequestration in the form of an increase in elevation. The increase in elevation is 50-100% of the increase in net ecosystem production caused by elevated CO2 (still under analysis). The increase in soil elevation suggests the elevated CO2 may have a positive outcome for the ability of coastal wetlands to persist despite accelerated sea level rise; (5) Crossing elevated CO2 with elevated N causes the elevated CO2 effect to diminish, with consequences for change in soil elevation.

J. Patrick Megonigal; Bert G. Drake

2010-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

354

WHAT DO THREAT LEVELS AND RESPONSE LEVELS MEAN? THREAT LEVELS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WHAT DO THREAT LEVELS AND RESPONSE LEVELS MEAN? THREAT LEVELS: The UK Threat Level is decided by the Government's Joint Terrorism Analysis Centre (JTAC). It is the system to assess the threat to the UK from Threat Levels: Low - an attack is unlikely Moderate - an attack is possible, but not likely Substantial

Edinburgh, University of

355

Novel room temperature ferromagnetic semiconductors  

SciTech Connect

Today's information world, bits of data are processed by semiconductor chips, and stored in the magnetic disk drives. But tomorrow's information technology may see magnetism (spin) and semiconductivity (charge) combined in one 'spintronic' device that exploits both charge and 'spin' to carry data (the best of two worlds). Spintronic devices such as spin valve transistors, spin light emitting diodes, non-volatile memory, logic devices, optical isolators and ultra-fast optical switches are some of the areas of interest for introducing the ferromagnetic properties at room temperature in a semiconductor to make it multifunctional. The potential advantages of such spintronic devices will be higher speed, greater efficiency, and better stability at a reduced power consumption. This Thesis contains two main topics: In-depth understanding of magnetism in Mn doped ZnO, and our search and identification of at least six new above room temperature ferromagnetic semiconductors. Both complex doped ZnO based new materials, as well as a number of nonoxides like phosphides, and sulfides suitably doped with Mn or Cu are shown to give rise to ferromagnetism above room temperature. Some of the highlights of this work are discovery of room temperature ferromagnetism in: (1) ZnO:Mn (paper in Nature Materials, Oct issue, 2003); (2) ZnO doped with Cu (containing no magnetic elements in it); (3) GaP doped with Cu (again containing no magnetic elements in it); (4) Enhancement of Magnetization by Cu co-doping in ZnO:Mn; (5) CdS doped with Mn, and a few others not reported in this thesis. We discuss in detail the first observation of ferromagnetism above room temperature in the form of powder, bulk pellets, in 2-3 mu-m thick transparent pulsed laser deposited films of the Mn (<4 at. percent) doped ZnO. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) spectra recorded from 2 to 200nm areas showed homogeneous distribution of Mn substituting for Zn a 2+ state in the ZnO lattice. Ferromagnetic Resonance (FMR) technique is used to confirm the existence of ferromagnetic ordering at temperatures as high as 425K. The ab initio calculations were found to be consistent with the observation of ferromagnetism arising from fully polarized Mn 2+ state. The key to observed room temperature ferromagnetism in this system is the low temperature processing, which prevents formation of clusters, secondary phases and the host ZnO from becoming n-type. The electronic structure of the same Mn doped ZnO thin films studied using XAS, XES and RIXS, revealed a strong hybridization between Mn 3d and O 2p states, which is an important characteristic of a Dilute magnetic Semiconductor (DMS). It is shown that the various processing conditions like sintering temperature, dopant concentration and the properties of precursors used for making of DMS have a great influence on the final properties. Use of various experimental techniques to verify the physical properties, and to understand the mechanism involved to give rise to ferromagnetism is presented. Methods to improve the magnetic moment in Mn doped ZnO are also described. New promising DMS materials (such as Cu doped ZnO are explored). The demonstrated new capability to fabricate powder, pellets, and thin films of room temperature ferromagnetic semiconductors thus makes possible the realization of a wide range of complex elements for a variety of new multifunctional phenomena related to Spintronic devices as well as magneto-optic components.

Gupta, Amita

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Surface temperature | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Surface temperature Surface temperature Dataset Summary Description This dataset, made available by the UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC), shows the difference between the yearly central England temperature for years 1772 through 2009 and the 1961 - 1990 baseline (1961 - 1990 Central England average after smoothing). It also shows the difference between average global temperature and 1961 - 1990 average after smoothing. The original source of the data is the Met Office. Source UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) Date Released March 12th, 2010 (4 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords climate change Surface temperature UK weather Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon 1 Excel file: Surface Temps, 1772 - 1990 (xls, 1.3 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review

357

Fact #839: September 22, 2014 World Petroleum Consumption Continues to Rise despite Declines from the United States and Europe- Dataset  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Excel file with dataset for Fact #839: World Petroleum Consumption Continues to Rise despite Declines from the United States and Europe

358

Fact #851: December 15, 2014 The Average Number of Gears used in Transmissions Continues to Rise Dataset  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Excel file with dataset for Fact #851: December 15, 2014 The Average Number of Gears used in Transmissions Continues to Rise

359

Temperature and CO2 additively regulate physiology, morphology and genomic responses of larval sea urchins, Strongylocentrotus purpuratus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...coincident rises in temperature and pCO2. Because...exposed to increased temperature and pCO2 exhausted maternal energy supplies more rapidly than...chromatin factors to control DNA packaging...that high CO2 and temperature conditions may...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

High Temperatures & Electricity Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High Temperatures & Electricity Demand An Assessment of Supply Adequacy in California Trends.......................................................................................................1 HIGH TEMPERATURES AND ELECTRICITY DEMAND.....................................................................................................................7 SECTION I: HIGH TEMPERATURES AND ELECTRICITY DEMAND ..........................9 BACKGROUND

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level rise temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

The Relationship between Great Lakes Water Levels, Wave Energies, and Shoreline Damage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The latter half of the twentieth century can be characterized as a period of rising water levels on the Great Lakes, with record high levels in 1974 and 1986. Concurrent with these periods of high water level are reported periods of high ...

G. A. Meadows; L. A. Meadows; W. L. Wood; J. M. Hubertz; M. Perlin

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Draft Environmental Assessment for Direct Final Rule, 10 CFR 434, "Energy Standards for New Federal Commercial and High-Rise High-Rise Multi-FamilyResidential Buildings" and 10 CFR 435, "Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Residential Low-Rise Re  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

"Energy "Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Commercial and High-Rise Multi-Family Residential Buildings" and 10 CFR 435, "Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Residential Low-Rise Residential Buildings" Baseline Standards Update (DOE/EA-1871) March 16, 2011 2 Environmental Assessment for Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, "Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Commercial and High-Rise Multi-Family Residential Buildings" and 10 CFR 435, "Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Residential Low-Rise Residential Buildings" Baseline Standards Update

363

Uranium in iron formations and the rise of atmospheric oxygen C.A. Partin a,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Uranium in iron formations and the rise of atmospheric oxygen C.A. Partin a, , S.V. Lalonde b , N.J. Planavsky c , A. Bekker a , O.J. Rouxel b,d , T.W. Lyons e , K.O. Konhauser f a Dept. of Geological Sciences), UMR 6538, Technopôle Brest-Iroise, 29280 Plouzané, France c Department of Geology and Geophysics, Yale

Konhauser, Kurt

364

Kinematics and kinetics of single-limb heel rise in diabetes related medial column foot deformity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractBackground Diabetes-related medial column foot deformities contribute to high plantar pressure, joint instability, ulceration and amputation. Impaired foot function may be an early indicator of foot structural incompetence and contribute to deformity progression. This study examines the ability of single-limb heel rise multi-segmental kinematics and kinetics to identify midfoot and hindfoot dysfunction in those with diabetes-related medial column foot deformity. Methods Single-limb heel rise foot kinematics and kinetics were examined in adults with diabetes mellitus and peripheral neuropathy with and without medial column foot deformity and age-, weight-matched controls. Findings Hindfoot relative to shank plantarflexion, peak and excursion, were reduced in both diabetes groups compared to controls (Ppower was reduced in the diabetes deformity group compared to controls (P<0.017). Interpretation The single-limb heel rise task identified movement dysfunction in those with diabetes mellitus and peripheral neuropathy. Failure to plantarflex the forefoot relative to hindfoot may compromise midfoot joint stability and increase the risk of injury and arch collapse.

Mary K. Hastings; James Woodburn; Michael J. Mueller; Michael J Strube; Jeffrey E. Johnson; David R. Sinacore

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Pulse Rise Time Characterization of a High Pressure Xenon Gamma Detector for use in Resolution Enhancement  

SciTech Connect

High pressure xenon ionization chamber detectors are possible alternatives to traditional thallium doped sodium iodide (NaI(Tl)) and hyperpure germanium as gamma spectrometers in certain applications. Xenon detectors incorporating a Frisch grid exhibit energy resolutions comparable to cadmium/zinc/telluride (CZT) (e.g. 2% {at} 662keV) but with far greater sensitive volumes. The Frisch grid reduces the position dependence of the anode pulse risetimes, but it also increases the detector vibration sensitivity, anode capacitance, voltage requirements and mechanical complexity. We have been investigating the possibility of eliminating the grid electrode in high-pressure xenon detectors and preserving the high energy resolution using electronic risetime compensation methods. A two-electrode cylindrical high pressure xenon gamma detector coupled to time-to-amplitude conversion electronics was used to characterize the pulse rise time of deposited gamma photons. Time discrimination was used to characterize the pulse rise time versus photo peak position and resolution. These data were collected to investigate the effect of pulse rise time compensation on resolution and efficiency.

TROYER, G.L.

2000-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

366

Evidence of thermonuclear flame spreading on neutron stars from burst rise oscillations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Burst oscillations during the rising phases of thermonuclear X-ray bursts are usually believed to originate from flame spreading on the neutron star surface. However, the decrease of fractional oscillation amplitude with rise time, which provides a main observational support for the flame spreading model, have so far been reported from only a few bursts. Moreover, the non-detection and intermittent detections of rise oscillations from many bursts are not yet understood considering the flame spreading scenario. Here, we report the decreasing trend of fractional oscillation amplitude from an extensive analysis of a large sample of Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer Proportional Counter Array bursts from ten neutron star low-mass X-ray binaries. This trend is 99.99% significant for the best case, which provides, to the best of our knowledge, by far the strongest evidence of such trend. Moreover, it is important to note that an opposite trend is not found from any of the bursts. The concave shape of the fractional ampli...

Chakraborty, Manoneeta

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Buoyancy driven bubble rise and deformation in milli/micro channels filled with shear-thinning nanofluids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The motion and deformation characteristics of buoyancy driven air bubbles in milli- and micro- channels filled with nanofluids have been numerically investigated over wide range of Eotvos number using COMSOL Multiphysics 4.3a. The two dimensional unsteady simulations are carried out by adopting a level set method available in the solver. Experimental rheological properties of water based alumina nanofluids are adopted from the literature and these nanofluids obey shear-thinning power-law type non-Newtonian behavior. The range of volume fraction of nanoparticles considered in this work is ?=0.0150.035 which correspond to the power-law behavior index of shear-thinning nanofluid in the range n=0.780.58 respectively. The motion and deformation characteristics of bubbles in nanofluids are elucidated by presenting volume fraction images, streamline patterns and viscosity distributions around the rising bubbles. The volume fractions of nanoparticles present in the nanofluids play different roles on the deformation of mono-size bubbles in milli- and micro- channels. The deformation and breakup of bubbles are realized early in the case of milli-channels as compared to the case of micro-channels for a fixed Eotvos number. Further the Eotvos number at which bubble breakup occurs in both milli- and micro- channels is very different.

K. Dilleswara Rao; M. Vasukiran; A.R.K. Gollakota; Nanda Kishore

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Economic Damages from Climate Change: An Assessment of Market Impacts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

damage induced by sea level rise in the United States. InImpacts on Water Sea Level Rise Temperature-Related Extremewater supply and sea level rise and the costs of adjustment

Hanemann, W Michael; Dale, Larry

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Radiation Minimum Temperatures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Frost resulting from cooling of vegetation by nocturnal radiation is a serious agricultural problem. Because of the number of variables involved attacks on this problem from a purely theoretical point of view have met with only moderate success. It seems logical to suppose that an instrument might be devised which would speed up the natural radiation processes and enable an observer to obtain in a few hours a measure of the cooling which occurs naturally over a period of 12 to 14 hr. Such an instrument could serve as a frost warning device. This paper describes the construction of a radiation device and presents experimental evidence to show that it can be used as a predictor of freezing temperatures at vegetation level.

Francis K. Davis Jr.

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Industrial Low Temperature Waste Heat Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, some common and emerging techniques to better utilize energy in the chemical process industries are discussed. Temperature levels of waste heat available are pointed out. Emerging practices for further economical utilization of waste...

Altin, M.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

DETERMINATION OF PROMINENCE PLASMA {beta} FROM THE DYNAMICS OF RISING PLUMES  

SciTech Connect

Observations by the Hinode satellite show in great detail the dynamics of rising plumes, dark in chromospheric lines, in quiescent prominences that propagate from large ({approx}10 Mm) bubbles that form at the base of the prominences. These plumes present a very interesting opportunity to study magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) phenomena in quiescent prominences, but obstacles still remain. One of the biggest issues is that of the magnetic field strength, which is not easily measurable in prominences. In this paper we present a method that may be used to determine a prominence's plasma {beta} when rising plumes are observed. Using the classic fluid dynamic solution for flow around a circular cylinder with an MHD correction, the compression of the prominence material can be estimated. This has been successfully confirmed through simulations; application to a prominence gave an estimate of the plasma {beta} as {beta} = 0.47 {+-} 0.079 to 1.13 {+-} 0.080 for the range {gamma} = 1.4-1.7. Using this method it may be possible to estimate the plasma {beta} of observed prominences, therefore helping our understanding of a prominence's dynamics in terms of MHD phenomena.

Hillier, Andrew [Kwasan and Hida Observatories, Kyoto University, Kyoto (Japan); Hillier, Richard [Department of Aeronautics, Imperial College, London (United Kingdom); Tripathi, Durgesh, E-mail: andrew@kwasan.kyoto-u.ac.jp [Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Post Bag 4, Ganeshkhind, Pune 411 007 (India)

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

372

Measuring-up in timber: A critical perspective on mid- and high-rise timber building design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

timber elements in high-rise buildings is still in its infancy. This paper offers a new perspective on building with wood at this scale, beyond carbon sequestration and construction. Criticism of existing projects and proposals, including the authors own...

Fleming, Patrick; Smith, Simon; Ramage, Michael

2014-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

373

Biotic and abiotic interactions of deep-sea hydrothermal vent-endemic fish on the East Pacific Rise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A study of the ecology of fish endemic to hydrothermal vents on the East Pacific Rise was undertaken utilizing a variety of techniques, focusing on the bythitid Thermichthys hollisi. Stable isotope and gut content analyses ...

Buckman, Kate Lynn

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Inelastic models of lithospheric stress-11. Implications for outer-rise seismicity and dynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......plate motions, Geophys. J. R. astr. Soc., 18, 1-32. Mcnally K.C. , Gonzalez-Ruiz J...Lett., 51, 445-450. Post R.L. Jr. , 1977. High-temperature...51, 445-450. Post, R.L., Jr., 1977. High-temperature......

Steve Mueller; William Spence; George L. Choy

375

Draft Environmental Assessment for Direct Final Rule, 10 CFR 434, Energy Standards for New Federal Commercial and High-Rise High-Rise Multi-FamilyResidential BuildingsŽ and 10 CFR 435, Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Residential Low-Rise Re  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 7 Environmental Assessment for Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, "Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Commercial and High-Rise Multi-Family Residential Buildings" and 10 CFR 435, "Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Residential Low-Rise Residential Buildings" (DOE/EA-1463) Environmental Assessment for Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, "Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Commercial and High-Rise Multi-Family Residential Buildings" and 10 CFR 435, "Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Residential Low-Rise Residential Buildings" (DOE/EA-1463) SUMMARY The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared this Environmental Assessment (EA) for DOE's Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, "Energy Efficiency Standards for

376

The Electrical Behavior of Thin Metallic Films Condensed at Low Temperatures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The change of resistance of thin films of zinc and cadmium condensed at low temperature has been studied. The resistance of a zinc film decreases irreversibly with rising temperature, but it also decreases slowly at a constant temperature above the temperature of deposition. If the surface upon which the film is deposited is of a metal similar to zinc, it influences the temperature resistance relation, but if of a metal not similar to zinc, it does not. The experiments favor the assumption that agglomeration and crystallization are responsible for the changes in resistance.

H. Rees Mitchell

1938-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Effect of ocean temperature on southwestern U.S. climate analyzed  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

December » December » Effect of ocean temperature on southwestern climate Effect of ocean temperature on southwestern U.S. climate analyzed Researchers concluded that only part of the recent temperature rise in the Southwest could be attributed to greenhouse gases. December 19, 2013 Image from National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Environmental Visualization Laboratory depicts sea surface temperatures around Greenland from October 2010. Image from National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Environmental Visualization Laboratory depicts sea surface temperatures around Greenland from October 2010. Assuming that the past is a good indicator of the future, the scientists conclude that there should be wetter times ahead. Researchers have analyzed the relationship between a natural phenomenon in

378

Predicting hottest spot temperatures in ventilated dry type transformer windings  

SciTech Connect

Test data indicates that hottest spot allowances used in IEEE standards for ventilated dry type transformers above 500 kVA are too low. A mathematical model to predict hottest spot temperature rises in ventilated dry type transformers was developed. Data from six layer type test windings and a 2500 kva prototype was used to refine the model. A correlation for the local heat transfer coefficient in the cooling ducts was developed. The model was used to study the effect of various parameters on the ratio of hottest spot to average winding temperature rise. The number of conductor layers, insulation thickness, and conductor strand size were found to have only a minor effect on the ratio. Winding height was found to be the main parameter influencing the ratio of hottest spot to average winding temperature rise. The study based on the mathematical model confirmed previous conclusions based on test data that the hottest spot allowances used in IEEE standards for ventilated dry type transformers above 500 kVA should be revised.

Pierce, L.W. (General Electric Co., Rome, GA (United States))

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Airflow Characteristics of Direct-Type Kitchen Hood Systems in High-Rise Apartment Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Samsung C&T, South Korea 2 Introduction ? Today?s high-rise apartment buildings exhibit high degree of air-tightness. ? They are also subjected to stack effect and seasonal, unpredictable, wind pressure variations. ? Therefore, it is questionable... characteristics for alt0 16 32CMH 0Pa 42CMH 0Pa 74CMH 16Pa 477CMH 984CMH 355CMH 815CMH 173CMH 26Pa 0CMH 0CMH 0CMH 54CMH 0Pa 158CMH 1Pa 35CMH 0Pa 74CMH 18Pa (a)?On?3rd?floor?at?12:00,?Jan?1st 1.5m/s North 50CMH 1Pa 23CMH 0Pa 75CMH 18Pa...

Park, M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Temperature Zonal Combustion Reactor for the 15-Nitrogen and 13-Carbon Isotopic Determination of Enriched Biosynthetic Materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Temperature Zonal Combustion Reactor for the 15-Nitrogen and 13-Carbon Isotopic Determination of Enriched Biosynthetic Materials ... After the furnace controller had been reset from 250 C (VHT) to 700 C (combustion), the sample zone temperature increased at ?50 C/min, which coincided with a pressure rise from 255 to 363 Torr (over some 8 min). ...

Michael May; John Kuo; Michael Gray; I. Knyazhansky; C. T. Tan

2010-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level rise temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Float level switch for a nuclear power plant containment vessel  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is a float level switch used to sense rise or drop in water level in a containment vessel of a nuclear power plant during a loss of coolant accident. The essential components of the device are a guide tube, a reed switch inside the guide tube, a float containing a magnetic portion that activates a reed switch, and metal-sheathed, ceramic-insulated conductors connecting the reed switch to a monitoring system outside the containment vessel. Special materials and special sealing techniques prevent failure of components and allow the float level switch to be connected to a monitoring system outside the containment vessel.

Powell, James G. (Clifton Park, NY)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Float level switch for a nuclear power plant containment vessel  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is a float level switch used to sense rise or drop in water level in a containment vessel of a nuclear power plant during a loss of coolant accident. The essential components of the device are a guide tube, a reed switch inside the guide tube, a float containing a magnetic portion that activates a reed switch, and metal-sheathed, ceramic-insulated conductors connecting the reed switch to a monitoring system outside the containment vessel. Special materials and special sealing techniques prevent failure of components and allow the float level switch to be connected to a monitoring system outside the containment vessel. 1 figures.

Powell, J.G.

1993-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

383

Effects of temperature and moisture on low-volume roads  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Samples Preconditioned at a High Stress Level Loading Path for Stress Relaxation Testing at Different Temperature Location of the Test Sites Typical Variation of Temperature within a Day (Section 11 TTI Annex) . Temperature Variation with Depth... Subgrade Temperature at Different Months Typical Variation of Pavement Moduli within a Day (Section 11 TTI Annex) Variation of Subgrade Resilient Moduli st Different Months Comparison of Deflection Basins at Two Different Temperatures Variation...

Chandra, Djan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

384

Hydronic Heating Retrofits for Low-Rise Multifamily Buildings: Boiler Control Replacement and Monitoring  

SciTech Connect

The ARIES Collaborative, a U.S. Department of Energy Building America research team, partnered with NeighborWorks America affiliate Homeowners' Rehab Inc. (HRI) of Cambridge, Massachusetts, to study improvements to the central hydronic heating system in one of the nonprofit's housing developments. The heating controls in the three-building, 42-unit Columbia Cambridge Alliance for Spanish Tenants housing development were upgraded. Fuel use in the development was excessive compared to similar properties. A poorly insulated thermal envelope contributed to high energy bills, but adding wall insulation was not cost-effective or practical. The more cost-effective option was improving heating system efficiency. Efficient operation of the heating system faced several obstacles, including inflexible boiler controls and failed thermostatic radiator valves. Boiler controls were replaced with systems that offer temperature setbacks and one that controls heat based on apartment temperature in addition to outdoor temperature. Utility bill analysis shows that post-retrofit weather-normalized heating energy use was reduced by 10%-31% (average of 19%). Indoor temperature cutoff reduced boiler runtime (and therefore heating fuel consumption) by 28% in the one building in which it was implemented. Nearly all savings were obtained during night which had a lower indoor temperature cut off (68 degrees F) than day (73 degrees F). This implies that the outdoor reset curve was appropriately adjusted for this building for daytime operation. Nighttime setback of heating system supply water temperature had no discernable impact on boiler runtime or gas bills.

Dentz, J.; Henderson, H.; Varshney, K.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

The Resilience of the Indian Economy to Rising Oil Prices as a Validation Test for a Global Energy-Environment-Economy CGE Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 The Resilience of the Indian Economy to Rising Oil Prices as a Validation Test for a Global., 2009, `The resilience of the Indian economy to rising oil prices as a validation test for a global so, it compares the modeled and observed responses of the Indian economy to the rise of oil price

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

386

On Nuclear Energy Levels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article On Nuclear Energy Levels K. M. Guggenheimer The formula for the energy levels of the rigid rotator...nuclei. Two kinds of nuclear rotation are discussed...an A relation for the energy levels of different nuclei...

1942-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Development of 2-Meter Soil Temperature Probes and Results of Temperature  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Development of 2-Meter Soil Temperature Probes and Results of Temperature Development of 2-Meter Soil Temperature Probes and Results of Temperature Survey Conducted at Desert Peak, Nevada, USA Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Development of 2-Meter Soil Temperature Probes and Results of Temperature Survey Conducted at Desert Peak, Nevada, USA Abstract Temperature gradient drilling has historically been a key tool in the exploration for geothermal resources in the Great Basin, USA but regulatory, environmental, and accessibility issues, as well as the expense of drilling, are increasingly limiting its use. In cases where thermal groundwater is not overlain by near-surface cold aquifers, temperatures measured at a depth of 2-meters is an efficient method for mapping thermal anomalies at a high level of detail. This is useful for augmenting deeper

388

Identification of Market Requirements of Smart Buildings Technologies for High Rise Office Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an indication on the utilization level of smart office buildings in Saudi Arabia compared to the current practices in developed countries....

Reffat, R. M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Effects of temperature on laser diode ignition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, the effects of temperature on laser diode ignition and the resulting consequences were discussed in detail through theoretical analysis, experiments and numerical calculations. The results indicated that the output power of laser diode decreases and the wavelength of laser redshifts with elevated working temperature under a certain condition. The threshold conditions of ignition for powders are easily satisfied with increase in ambient temperature. While the temperature reaches a high enough level, ignition can occur and also the self-combustion or thermal induced explosion can do, even if laser power is very low. Therefore, it is of great importance to carefully control the working temperature of laser diode and the ambient temperature of powder system, and in the meanwhile, to install necessary insurance apparatus in order to ensure the normal and safe operation of the ignition system.

Shi-Biao Xiang; Xu Xiang; Chang-Gen Feng

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Yeast and Temperature  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Yeast and Temperature Yeast and Temperature Name: Alyssaaum Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: How does temperature affect yeast? Replies: Dear Alyssa, At low temperatures (0-10 C) yeast will not grow, but not die either. At temperatures 10-37 C yeast will grow and multiply, faster at higher temperatures with an optimal growth at 30 or 37 C (that depends on the species). At higher temperature the cells become stressed, meaning that their content becomes damaged and which can be repaired to some degree. At high temperatures (>50 C) the cells die. The bacteria can survive freezing under certain conditions. When baking bread all yeast dies during the process. Dr. Trudy Wassenaar yeast is a unique type of fungi that grows quickly by rapid cell division. It grows best at about 100 degrees fahrenheit, colder will cause it to go dormant, much warmer could kill it

391

Derivation and generalization of the dispersion relation of rising-sun magnetron with sectorial and rectangular cavities  

SciTech Connect

Field analysis method is used to derive the dispersion relation of rising-sun magnetron with sectorial and rectangular cavities. This dispersion relation is then extended to the general case in which the rising-sun magnetron can be with multi-group cavities of different shapes and sizes, and from which the dispersion relations of conventional magnetron, rising-sun magnetron, and magnetron-like device can be obtained directly. The results show that the relative errors between the theoretical and simulation values of the dispersion relation are less than 3%, the relative errors between the theoretical and simulation values of the cutoff frequencies of ? mode are less than 2%. In addition, the influences of each structure parameter of the magnetron on the cutoff frequency of ? mode and on the mode separation are investigated qualitatively and quantitatively, which may be of great interest to designing a frequency tuning magnetron.

Shi, Di-Fu; Qian, Bao-Liang; Wang, Hong-Gang; Li, Wei [College of Opto-electric Science and Engineering, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073 (China)] [College of Opto-electric Science and Engineering, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073 (China)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

392

Rising household diesel consumption in the United States: A cause for concern? Evidence on asymmetric pricing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Papers in the literature have thus far overlooked the projected increase in U.S. diesel car share when looking at asymmetries in petroleum pricing. This paper addresses this issue by comparing retail gasoline and diesel prices in order to see whether they rise faster than they fall given the price of their upstream input, crude oil. This phenomenon has been termed in the literature as Rockets and Feathers. We apply the threshold vector error correction model (TVECM) of Hansen and Seo (2002) which has not yet been applied in the literature. We account for the 2008 structural break to crude oil and petroleum prices by splitting the sample using evidence from the recent structural break unit root test of Kim and Perron (2009). Both markets seem to price symmetrically before the 2008 break, but we find evidence of asymmetric pricing after 2008 in diesel prices, and not in gasoline prices. Given that the diesel market is small relative to the gasoline market and therefore more open to price exploitation, the ongoing cost increases associated with the policy of switching to Ultra Low Sulphur diesel (ULSD) from 2006 to 2010 could be at the heart of this asymmetry. With this in mind, the U.S. Federal Trade Commission should monitor diesel prices as the market share grows, in order to ensure that consumers are not adversely affected.

Jack Fosten

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Vehicle type choice under the influence of a tax reform and rising fuel prices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Differentiated vehicle taxes are considered by many a useful tool for promoting environmentally friendly vehicles. Various structures have been implemented in several countries, e.g. Ireland, France, The Czech Republic, and Denmark. In many countries the tax reforms have been followed by a steep change in new vehicle purchases toward more diesel vehicles and more fuel-efficient vehicles. The paper analyses to what extent a vehicle tax reform similar to the Danish 2007 reform may explain changes in purchasing behaviour. The paper investigates the effects of a tax reform, fuel price changes, and technological development on vehicle type choice using a mixed logit model. The model allows a simulation of the effect of car price changes that resemble those induced by the tax reform. This effect is compared to the effects of fuel price changes and technology improvements. The simulations show that the effect of the tax reform on fuel efficiency is similar to the effect of rising fuel prices while the effect of technological development is much larger. The conclusion is that while the tax reform appeared in the same year as a large increase in fuel efficiency, it seems likely that it only explains a small part of the shift in fuel efficiency that occurred and that the main driver was the technological development.

Stefan L. Mabit

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

A Model for Collaboration Networks Giving Rise to a Power Law Distribution with an Exponential Cutoff  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently several authors have proposed stochastic evolutionary models for the growth of complex networks that give rise to power-law distributions. These models are based on the notion of preferential attachment leading to the ``rich get richer'' phenomenon. Despite the generality of the proposed stochastic models, there are still some unexplained phenomena, which may arise due to the limited size of networks such as protein, e-mail, actor and collaboration networks. Such networks may in fact exhibit an exponential cutoff in the power-law scaling, although this cutoff may only be observable in the tail of the distribution for extremely large networks. We propose a modification of the basic stochastic evolutionary model, so that after a node is chosen preferentially, say according to the number of its inlinks, there is a small probability that this node will become inactive. We show that as a result of this modification, by viewing the stochastic process in terms of an urn transfer model, we obtain a power-law...

Fenner, T; Loizou, G; Fenner, Trevor; Levene, Mark; Loizou, George

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

6, 13011320, 2006 Temperature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ACPD 6, 1301­1320, 2006 Temperature climatology and trend estimates over Durban, South Africa H and Physics Discussions Temperature climatology and trend estimates in the UTLS region as observed over Commons License. 1301 #12;ACPD 6, 1301­1320, 2006 Temperature climatology and trend estimates over Durban

Boyer, Edmond

396

Thermoelectric Temperature Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the controller can supply the power required to bring the device to the desired temperature and maintain a stableNOTE 201TM TECHNICAL Optimizing Thermoelectric Temperature Control Systems #12;2 May 1995 92 of applications that require extremely stable temperature control. System design can be complex, but improved

Saffman, Mark

397

Modeling Tidal Marsh Distribution with Sea-Level Rise: Evaluating the Role of Vegetation, Sediment, and Upland Habitat in Marsh Resiliency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in 2110 at China Camp with 52 cm/century, 100 cm/century,Camp and Rush Ranch) exhibited little response to SLR under the 52 cm/century

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

China Camp's race against the tides: Predicting tidal marsh survival through comparison of project sea level rise elevations and sediment accretion rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

next century, the continued existence of China Camps saltChina Camp tidal marsh. Introduction In the past century,

Hannah, Whitney; Kuhn, Marlene

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Simplified 1-D Hydrodynamic and Salinity Transport Modeling of the SacramentoSan Joaquin Delta: Sea Level Rise and Water Diversion Effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at the San Francisco Golden Gate Bridge has averaged 0.2 cmof X2 9 from the Golden Gate Bridge for Unimpaired Flowsestuary in km from the Golden Gate Bridge. Thus a lower X2

Fleenor, William E.; Bombardelli, Fabian

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Modeling Tidal Marsh Distribution with Sea-Level Rise: Evaluating the Role of Vegetation, Sediment, and Upland Habitat in Marsh Resiliency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and patterns across a salinity gradient using high spatialacross the estuarine salinity gradient. Four tidal marshesconcentrations across a salinity gradient would more

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level rise temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Modeling Tidal Marsh Distribution with Sea-Level Rise: Evaluating the Role of Vegetation, Sediment, and Upland Habitat in Marsh Resiliency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Assessment of carbon sequestration potential in coastalMilan CS (2012) Carbon sequestration and sediment accretion29] and links to carbon sequestration potential [30]. Some

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Ice-sheet model sensitivities to environmental forcing and their use in projecting future sea level (the SeaRISE project)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

processes that can produce rapid ice loss, (2) large-scalesimulate the same ice sheet can produce different behaviorss. The Antarctic ice sheet is predicted to produce a greater

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Lake-level rise in the late Pleistocene and active subaquatic volcanism since the Holocene in Lake Kivu, East African Rift  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the stratified depths of the lake. Lake Kivu's large size and population density extend the risk of a limnic Department of Earth Sciences, Royal Museum for Central Africa, Belgium f Renard Centre of Marine Geology for being one of the three `exploding lakes' in Africa (Kling et al., 1987; Halbwachs et al., 2004). Lakes

Gilli, Adrian

404

Seismic identification of along-axis hydrothermal flow on the East Pacific Rise  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Submersible dives along this 9?49??N area of the AST have noted a historic ... above the AMC reflector (Supplementary Fig. 3). This may reflect a transition to semi-brittle behaviour with increasing temperature, as well as the potential for greater seismic attenuation ...

M. Tolstoy; F. Waldhauser; D. R. Bohnenstiehl; R. T. Weekly; W.-Y. Kim

2008-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

405

Temperature compensated photovoltaic array  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A temperature compensated photovoltaic module comprises a series of solar cells having a thermally activated switch connected in parallel with several of the cells. The photovoltaic module is adapted to charge conventional batteries having a temperature coefficient differing from the temperature coefficient of the module. The calibration temperatures of the switches are chosen whereby the colder the ambient temperature for the module, the more switches that are on and form a closed circuit to short the associated solar cells. By shorting some of the solar cells as the ambient temperature decreases, the battery being charged by the module is not excessively overcharged at lower temperatures. PV module is an integrated solution that is reliable and inexpensive. 2 figs.

Mosher, D.M.

1997-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

406

Innovative Power?Augmentation?Guide?Vane Design of Wind?Solar Hybrid Renewable Energy Harvester for Urban High Rise Application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To generate greater quantities of energy from wind the most efficient solution would be by increasing the wind speed. Also due to the decreasing number of economic wind energy sites there are plans to place wind turbines closer to populated areas. To site wind turbines out from rural areas the current problems of wind turbines need to be resolved especially visual impact poor starting behaviour in low wind speeds noise and danger caused by blade failure. In this paper a patented wind?solar hybrid renewable energy harvester is introduced. It is a compact system that integrates and optimizes several green elements and can be built on the top (or between upper levels) of high rise buildings or structures. This system can be used in remote and urban areas particularly at locations where the wind speed is lower and more turbulent. It overcomes the inferior aspect on the low wind speed by guiding and increasing the speed of the high altitude free?stream wind through fixed or yaw?able power?augmentation?guide?vane (PAGV) before entering the wind turbine (straight?bladed vertical axis wind turbine VAWT in this project) at center portion. PAGV is a new and innovative design where its appearance or outer design can be blended into the building architecture without negative visual impact. From the studies it is shown that the wind speed increment in the PAGV can be produced according to the Bernoullis principle. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation is used to optimize the geometry of the PAGV and the simulation results demonstrated the technical possibility of this innovative concept. The PAGV replaces the free air?stream from wind by multiple channels of speed?increased and directional?controlled air?stream. With the PAGV this lift?type VAWT can be self?started and its size can be reduced for a given power output. The design is also safer since the VAWT is enclosed by the PAGV. By integrating the PAGV with the VAWT (the diameter and height of PAGV are 2 times larger than the VAWTs) the predicted power generated (at free?stream wind speed ?=?3.5? m / s ) is 1.25 times higher than the VAWT that has the same size as the PAGV. This new wind energy generation configuration should generate interest in the international market even for regions with weaker winds. The correlation between CFD simulation and wind tunnel test will be carried out and reported elsewhere.

Chong Wen Tong; M. Z. Zainon; Poh Sin Chew; Soo Chun Kui; Wee Seng Keong; Pan Kok Chen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Reply to comment by T. Molg et al. on ``Recent glacial recession in the Rwenzori Mountains of East Africa due to rising air temperature''  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reply to comment by T. Mo¨lg et al. on ``Recent glacial recession in the Rwenzori Mountains of East, A. Majugu, A. Muwanga, and B. Nakileza (2006), Reply to comment by T. Mo¨lg et al. on ``Recent.g., Bradley et al., 2006; Thompson et al., 2006] and atmospheric humidity [e.g. Kaser et al., 2004; Mo

Jones, Peter JS

408

An analysis of the effect of coupling between temperature rise and light distribution in laser irradiated tissue using finite element and Monte-Carlo methods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, there are not many changes in Q with time because, as Figure 7 shows, it takes too long to reach the desired damage index 23 Axial (r, z'+I) r rO O~ Ti+l, i+I ri+I, Zi+I ) r, z) +1, 1 f4 (ri, z) (ri+I, zi) Radial Pig. 9. Diagram for interpolation between..., there are not many changes in Q with time because, as Figure 7 shows, it takes too long to reach the desired damage index 23 Axial (r, z'+I) r rO O~ Ti+l, i+I ri+I, Zi+I ) r, z) +1, 1 f4 (ri, z) (ri+I, zi) Radial Pig. 9. Diagram for interpolation between...

Kim, Beop-Min

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

409

Corrosion of weathering steel and iron under wet-dry cycling conditions: Influence of the rise of temperature during the dry period  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of a dry-hot period on the SO2...corrosion of weatherig steel and pure iron under wet-dry cycling was investigated. Corrosion products were identified by Mssbauer spectroscopy and X-ray powder diffrac...

J. Davalos; M. Gracia; J. F. Marco; J. R. Gancedo

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Apparatus for preventing the rise of oil in a Stirling engine  

SciTech Connect

An apparatus for preventing lubricating oil from rising to the working spaces of a Stirling engine, the Stirling engine having a rod which reciprocates inside a cylindrical member is described comprising: a first oil-absorbing member which has an annular shape and which is secured to the rod so as to reciprocate therewith, the outer periphery of the first oil-absorbing member being in sliding contact with the inner surface of the cylindrical member; an oil scattering-preventing plate which has an annular shape and which is mounted on the rod above the first oil-absorbing member in intimate contact with the first oil-absorbing member, the outer diameter of the scattering-preventing plate being smaller than the inner diameter of the cylindrical member; a second oil-absorbing member which has an annular shape, which is permeable to air, and which is secured along its outer periphery to the inner surface of the cylindrical member above and separated from the oil scattering-preventing plate, the inner periphery of the second oil-absorbing member being in sliding contact with the outer surface of the rod; means for making the flow speed of gas which through the second oil-absorbing member during the operation of the Stirling engine higher from above to below the second oil-absorbing member than from below to above the second oil-absorbing member; and an annular baffle which is secured to the rod above and separated from the second oil-absorbing member, the outer diameter of the annular baffle being smaller than the inner diameter of the cylindrical member.

Kawajiri, K.; Fujiwara, M.; Tsuchino, K.; Hisamori, Y.

1987-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

411

Levelized Electricity Costs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The concept of levelized energy costs responds to the necessity of disclosing the ... in order to recover the total life cycle cost of energy production. This chapter charts the effectiveness of levelized cost fo...

Nuno Luis Madureira

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

The Enterprise Level Roadmap  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Enterprise Level Roadmap is part of a Transition-To-Lean Guide, a three volume set of materials designed to help a user navigate through the Roadmap at increasingly deeper levels of detail.

Lean Advancement Initiative

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Australasian Conference on Information Systems The rise of ICT for commerce 3-5 Dec 2008, Christchurch  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

processes operating through informal networks and practices, often times in specific spatio, Christchurch ` The Rise of ICT for Commerce in Small Product Offerings Case studies from India Nimmi Rangaswamy Technology for emerging markets Microsoft Research India Bangalore Abstract The paper makes a case

Rajamani, Sriram K.

414

Process for Scheduling Electives The Student Affairs/MSP Office collects core clerkship scheduling requests from rising M-3 and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

rotations for this time and have no control over other schools' scheduling processes. wwwUICOM - UC Process for Scheduling Electives The Student Affairs/MSP Office collects core clerkship scheduling requests from rising M-3 and M-4 students. Individual clinical departments arrange other

Gilbert, Matthew

415

Demolition of High-Rise Public Housing Increases Particulate Matter Air Pollution in Communities of High-Risk Asthmatics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) air pollution, which may ad- versely affect the respiratory health of nearby residents. DemolitionDemolition of High-Rise Public Housing Increases Particulate Matter Air Pollution in Communities of High-Risk Asthmatics Samuel Dorevitch Division of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences

Illinois at Chicago, University of

416

The timing of the rise of the Isthmus of Panama: Inferences from qualitative and quantitative Sreepat Jain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The timing of the rise of the Isthmus of Panama: Inferences from qualitative and quantitative data Miocene to the early Pliocene, the Panama seaway was an interoceanic exchange route. For the middle straits were closed. Thus, the closure of the Panama Seaway severed the exchange between the Equatorial

Sukop, Mike

417

EA-1926: Energy Efficiency Design Standards for New Federal Low-Rise Residential Buildings (RIN# 1904-AC61)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EA will evaluate the potential environmental impacts of implementing the provisions in the Energy Conservation and Production Act (ECPA) that require DOE to update the baseline Federal energy efficiency performance standards for the construction of new Federal buildings, including low-rise residential buildings.

418

2-D Temperature Mapping in Fluorocarbon Plasmas  

SciTech Connect

Two-dimensional maps of rotational temperature in CF4 plasmas were determined using planar laser-induced fluorescence measurements of CF A2{sigma}+ - X2{pi} (1,0). Rotational temperatures are expected to be in equilibrium with gas temperatures under the present conditions. Experiments were performed in a capacitively-coupled, parallel-plate reactor at pressures from 27 Pa to 107 Pa and powers of 10 W to 30 W. The effects of electrode cooling and having a wafer present were also examined. Measured temperatures ranged between 273 K{+-}15 K and 480 K{+-}15 K. The strong temperature gradients found in these plasmas can have serious effects on density measurements that probe a single rotational level, as well as on reaction rate constants and interpretation of density gradients.

Steffens, Kristen L.; Sobolewski, Mark A. [Process Measurements Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD 20899 (United States)

2005-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

419

Daily Temperature Lag  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Daily Temperature Lag Daily Temperature Lag Name: Shyammayi Status: teacher Grade: K-2 Country: Mauritius Date: Summer 2011 Question: At what time of the day is the temperature hottest? At what time of the day is the temperature coldest? Replies: In general, the hottest part of the day is late afternoon. The sun has passed its peak in the sky but still heats the Earth up until very late in the afternoon. The lowest temperatures are around dawn. Earth has had all night to get rid of the day's heat by radiating it into space. After sunrise, temperatures begin to climb. This can be changed by local storms, sea breezes or mountain breezes and even monsoon winds. Hope this helps. R. W. "Bob" Avakian Instructor Arts and Sciences/CRC Oklahoma State Univ. Inst. of Technology Shyammayi

420

Automatic temperature adjustment apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for increasing the efficiency of a conventional central space heating system is disclosed. The temperature of a fluid heating medium is adjusted based on a measurement of the external temperature, and a system parameter. The system parameter is periodically modified based on a closed loop process that monitors the operation of the heating system. This closed loop process provides a heating medium temperature value that is very near the optimum for energy efficiency.

Chaplin, James E. (66 Overlook Rd., Bloomingdale, NJ 07403)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level rise temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Surface Temperature of IGUs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

117 117 Surface Temperatures of Insulated Glazing Units: Infrared Thermography Laboratory Measurements Brent T. Griffith, Daniel Türler, and Dariush Arasteh Building Technologies Program Environmental Energy Technologies Division Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory University of California Berkeley, CA 94720 USA Fax: 510-486-6046, email: D_Arasteh@lbl.gov Abstract Data are presented for the distribution of surface temperatures on the warm-side surface of seven different insulated glazing units. Surface temperatures are measured using infrared thermography and an external referencing technique. This technique allows detailed mapping of surface temperatures that is non-intrusive. The glazings were placed between warm and cold environmental chambers that were operated at conditions

422

Temperature | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Property:GeofluidTemp M Property:MeanReservoirTemp R Property:ReservoirTemp T Property:Temperature U Property:USGSMeanReservoirTemp Retrieved from "http:...

423

ARM - Temperature Converter  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Teachers' Toolbox Lesson Plans Temperature Converter The Fahrenheit scale, invented by German physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686-1736), is based on 32 F for the freezing...

424

Low Temperature Proton Conductivity  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation by Tom Zawodzinski to DOE's Fuel Cell Operations at Sub-Freezing Temperatures Workshop held February 1-5, 2005 in Phoenix, Arizona.

425

Temperature and productivity  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

symptoms and performance of office work under combined exposure to temperature, noise and air pollution. PhD Thesis. International Centre for Indoor Environment and Energy,...

426

Fiber optic temperature sensor  

SciTech Connect

Our fiber optic temperature measurement sensor and system is a major improvement over methods currently in use in most industrial processes, and it delivers all of the attributes required simplicity, accuracy, and cost efficiency-to help improve all of these processes. Because temperature is a basic physical attribute of nearly every industrial and commercial process, our system can eventually result in significant improvements in nearly every industrial and commercial process. Many finished goods, and the materials that go into them, are critically dependent on the temperature. The better the temperature measurement, the better quality the goods will be and the more economically they can be produced. The production and transmission of energy requires the monitoring of temperature in motors, circuit breakers, power generating plants, and transmission line equipment. The more reliable and robust the methods for measuring these temperature, the more available, stable, and affordable the supply of energy will become. The world is increasingly realizing the threats to health and safety of toxic or otherwise undesirable by products of the industrial economy in the environment. Cleanup of such contamination often depends on techniques that require the constant monitoring of temperature in extremely hazardous environments, which can damage most conventional temperature sensors and which are dangerous for operating personnel. Our system makes such monitoring safer and more economical.

Rabold, D.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

High temperature probe  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high temperature probe for sampling, for example, smokestack fumes, and is able to withstand temperatures of 3000.degree. F. The probe is constructed so as to prevent leakage via the seal by placing the seal inside the water jacket whereby the seal is not exposed to high temperature, which destroys the seal. The sample inlet of the probe is also provided with cooling fins about the area of the seal to provide additional cooling to prevent the seal from being destroyed. Also, a heated jacket is provided for maintaining the temperature of the gas being tested as it passes through the probe. The probe includes pressure sensing means for determining the flow velocity of an efficient being sampled. In addition, thermocouples are located in various places on the probe to monitor the temperature of the gas passing there through.

Swan, Raymond A. (Fremont, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

U.S. Crude Input Rising -- Still Need +1 MMB/D Through Mid-Summer  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Notes: Refineries in fourth quarter 1999 and first quarter 2000 were running at fairly low input rates compared to prior years, despite higher demand. U.S. refineries typically increase their crude inputs during the second quarter over the first quarter as they return from maintenance and turnaround schedules to ramp up for the high demand gasoline season. The year began with low refining margins and a low level of crude inputs in January and February. This created a lower base than last year from which to grow into the summer gasoline season, when inputs will need to peak at higher levels than in 1998 or 1999. The good news is that crude runs have been increasing strongly as expected during March the first quarter. Keep in mind that they still need an additional 1 million barrels per day of crude oil between now and mid

429

Symposium Overview Many decision makers need climate information at the regional and local levels to address  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by climate change, include changes in the frequency and intensity of extreme events, sea level rise, such as bio-fuel production, carbon sequestration, and new markets for green information and technologies, Gainesville, FL, USA Plenary Sessions Experts from around the world will be invited to address the following

Jawitz, James W.

430

Project EARTH-11-ABW1: Plate flexure, dynamic topography and global changes in sea-level  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of relatively low amplitude (~120 m) during the Late Cretaceous and curves based on continental flooding consequence of this is that even a modest rise in sea-level could result in extensive continental flooding at the University of Colorado (Boulder) and University Pierre Marie Curie (Paris), will involve the analysis

Henderson, Gideon

431

Crystallization and doping of amorphous silicon on low temperature plastic  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method or process of crystallizing and doping amorphous silicon (a-Si) on a low-temperature plastic substrate using a short pulsed high energy source in a selected environment, without heat propagation and build-up in the substrate. The pulsed energy processing of the a-Si in a selected environment, such as BF3 and PF5, will form a doped micro-crystalline or poly-crystalline silicon (pc-Si) region or junction point with improved mobilities, lifetimes and drift and diffusion lengths and with reduced resistivity. The advantage of this method or process is that it provides for high energy materials processing on low cost, low temperature, transparent plastic substrates. Using pulsed laser processing a high (>900.degree. C.), localized processing temperature can be achieved in thin films, with little accompanying temperature rise in the substrate, since substrate temperatures do not exceed 180.degree. C. for more than a few microseconds. This method enables use of plastics incapable of withstanding sustained processing temperatures (higher than 180.degree. C.) but which are much lower cost, have high tolerance to ultraviolet light, have high strength and good transparency, compared to higher temperature plastics such as polyimide.

Kaschmitter, James L. (Pleasanton, CA); Truher, Joel B. (Palo Alto, CA); Weiner, Kurt H. (Campbell, CA); Sigmon, Thomas W. (Beaverton, OR)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Tiltmeter leveling mechanism  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A tiltmeter device having a pair of orthogonally disposed tilt sensors that are levelable within an inner housing containing the sensors. An outer housing can be rotated to level at least one of the sensor pair while the inner housing can be rotated to level the other sensor of the pair. The sensors are typically rotated up to about plus or minus 100 degrees. The device is effective for measuring tilts in a wide range of angles of inclination of wells and can be employed to level a platform containing a third sensor.

Hunter, Steven L. (Livermore, CA); Boro, Carl O. (Milpitas, CA); Farris, Alvis (late of Byron, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

" Level: National Data;" " ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7 Number of Establishments with Capability to Switch Electricity to Alternative Energy Sources, 2010; " " Level: National Data;" " Row: NAICS Codes;" " Column: Energy Sources;" "...

434

" Level: National Data;" " ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Number of Establishments with Capability to Switch Natural Gas to Alternative Energy Sources, 2002;" " Level: National Data;" " Row: NAICS Codes;" " Column: Energy Sources;" "...

435

" Level: National Data;" " ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Number of Establishments with Capability to Switch Natural Gas to Alternative Energy Sources, 2010;" " Level: National Data;" " Row: NAICS Codes;" " Column: Energy Sources;" "...

436

" Level: National Data;" " ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7 Number of Establishments with Capability to Switch Electricity to Alternative Energy Sources, 2002; " " Level: National Data;" " Row: NAICS Codes;" " Column: Energy Sources;" "...

437

" Level: National Data;" " ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Number of Establishments with Capability to Switch LPG to Alternative Energy Sources, 2010;" " Level: National Data;" " Row: NAICS Codes;" " Column: Energy Sources;" " Unit:...

438

" Level: National Data;" " ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0.5 Number of Establishments with Capability to Switch Residual Fuel Oil to Alternative Energy Sources, 2010;" " Level: National Data;" " Row: NAICS Codes;" " Column: Energy...

439

" Level: National Data;" " ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 Number of Establishments with Capability to Switch Coal to Alternative Energy Sources, 2010;" " Level: National Data;" " Row: NAICS Codes;" " Column: Energy Sources;" " Unit:...

440

" Level: National Data;" " ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9 Number of Establishments with Capability to Switch Distillate Fuel Oil to Alternative Energy Sources, 2010;" " Level: National Data;" " Row: NAICS Codes;" " Column: Energy...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level rise temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

THE HIGH-LATITUDE BRANCH OF THE SOLAR TORSIONAL OSCILLATION IN THE RISING PHASE OF CYCLE 24  

SciTech Connect

We use global heliseismic data from the Global Oscillation Network Group, the Michelson Doppler Imager on board the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory, and the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory, to examine the behavior, during the rising phase of Solar Cycle 24, of the migrating zonal flow pattern known as the torsional oscillation. Although the high-latitude part of the pattern appears to be absent in the new cycle when the flows are derived by subtracting a mean across a full solar cycle, it can be seen if we subtract the mean over a shorter period in the rising phase of each cycle, and these two mean rotation profiles differ significantly at high latitudes. This indicates that the underlying high-latitude rotation has changed; we speculate that this is in response to weaker polar fields, as suggested by a recent model.

Howe, R. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT (United Kingdom); Christensen-Dalsgaard, J. [Stellar Astrophysics Centre, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Ny Munkegade 120, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); Hill, F.; Komm, R. [National Solar Observatory, P.O. Box 26732, Tucson, AZ 85726-6732 (United States); Larson, T. P.; Schou, J. [HEPL Solar Physics, 452 Lomita Mall, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-4085 (United States); Rempel, M.; Thompson, M. J., E-mail: rhowe@nso.edu [High Altitude Observatory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, P.O. Box 3000, Boulder, CO 80307-3000 (United States)

2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

442

Fever and Body Temperature  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fever and Body Temperature Fever and Body Temperature Name: Ying Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Hi, I have a few questions that I want to ask you: Why does your body chose to raise its temperature when you have a fever? Replies: Most bacteria and viruses that live in your body grow best at body temperature. They don't grow very well when the temperature is raised. When there are bacteria in your body they give off chemicals that signal white blood cells to come to try to eat them and also affect an area in your brain called the hypothalamus. This part of the brain controls alot of the automatic functions in your body and is also the site of your body's "thermostat". When the chemicals from the bacteria circulate through the hypothalamus it sets the body's temperature higher. This is called a fever. Your body kind of tries to "sweat out" the bacteria and kill them with a higher temperature. Some scientists question whether trying to bring down a fever is the best thing to do. If it isn't too high, some believe we should just let it work

443

Maintaining body temperature  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Maintaining body temperature Maintaining body temperature Name: Jeff Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: What keeps the human body at a constant temperature of 98.6? Replies: Maintaining body temperature is very complex. It also takes a lot of energy. About 80% of the energy from the food you eat goes to maintaining body temperature. Basically, the chemical reactions of metabolism of stored food, especially fats, generate heat as a by product. This heat warms the body. The brain reads temperature and controls to some extent the rate of this metabolism. There are also many other mechanisms triggered by the brain to keep the core of your body warm, even if the periphery (skin) is cold. Blood vessels to the fingers and toes constrict, so that the cold air doesn't cool the blood too much, so that cooled blood doesn't cool down the heart and brain when it returns. In severe cases, your body will sacrifice a finger or a toe to keep you from dying of cold core temperature (frostbite: it saves your life!). Also the brain can order a lot of muscles to contract rapidly. This generates a lot of heat quickly, a response called shivering. There's much more to this exciting field of research.

444

A medium-rise 1970s maternity hospital in the east of England: resilience and adaptation to climate change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.Thomass tower on the Thames and Oxfords John Radcliffe Hospital. The essential framed, glazed treatment is consistent. Writing particularly of F.R.S.Yorke, YRMS founder and an important publicist for modern architecture, Worsley wrote, it was the rise... a huge barrier to achieving adaptation of the public non-domestic building stock, unfortunate given that the NHS Retained Estate would seem to be a particularly promising place to implement a public sector adaptation scheme...

Short, C. Alan; Giridharan, Renganathan; Lomas, Kevin J.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Precision liquid level sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A precision liquid level sensor utilizes a balanced R. F. bridge, each arm including an air dielectric line. Changes in liquid level along one air dielectric line imbalance the bridge and create a voltage which is directly measurable across the bridge.

Field, Michael E. (Albuquerque, NM); Sullivan, William H. (Albuquerque, NM)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Moderate Temperature | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Moderate Temperature Moderate Temperature Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Sanyal Temperature Classification: Moderate Temperature Dictionary.png Moderate Temperature: No definition has been provided for this term. Add a Definition Sanyal Temp Classification This temperature scheme was developed by Sanyal in 2005 at the request of DOE and GEA, as reported in Classification of Geothermal Systems: A Possible Scheme. Extremely Low Temperature Very Low Temperature Low Temperature Moderate Temperature High Temperature Ultra High Temperature Steam Field Reservoir fluid between 190°C and 230°C is considered by Sanyal to be "moderate temperature." "The next higher resource temperature limit is chosen as 230°C, which is lower than the minimum initial resource temperature encountered in

447

Three-Dimensional Temperature Distribution of Impinging Flames in an Opposed Multiburner Gasifier  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The overall temperature of the gasifier rises with the increase of oxygen to carbon ratio, and the high temperature region which ranges from 1700 to 2200 K remains in the axis of the gasifier steadily and remains a safe distance from the refractory wall, which makes the temperature of the refractory wall below 1550 K and makes the participating medium maintain a stable condition for gasification. ... Compared with diesel, the CWS contains a mass of solid particles with greater inertia and larger size, and the calorific capacity is lower due to the water in the CWS. ...

Yan Gong; Qinghua Guo; Qinfeng Liang; Zhijie Zhou; Guangsuo Yu

2012-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

448

Intensity and temperature-dependent photoluminescence of tris (8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminum films  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the recombination of excitons in tris (8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminum films by intensity and temperature dependent time-resolved photoluminescence (PL). At low temperature (15 K) and elevated excitation intensity the radiative emission is quenched by singlet-singlet annihilation processes. With rising temperature the PL quenching is strongly reduced resulting in a PL efficiency maximum at ?170 K. The reduced exciton annihilation is attributed to thermally activated occupation of non-quenchable trapped exciton states. Above 170 K the PL efficiency decreases due to thermal de-trapping of radiative states and subsequent migration to non-radiative centers.

Ajward, A. M.; Wang, X.; Wagner, H. P. [Department of Physics, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221 (United States)

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

449

ARM - Measurement - Atmospheric temperature  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

temperature temperature ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Atmospheric temperature The temperature indicated by a thermometer exposed to the air in a place sheltered from direct solar radiation. Categories Atmospheric State Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments AERI : Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer SONDE : Balloon-Borne Sounding System CO2FLX : Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurement Systems ECOR : Eddy Correlation Flux Measurement System

450

ARM - Measurement - Virtual temperature  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsVirtual temperature govMeasurementsVirtual temperature ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Virtual temperature The virtual temperature Tv = T(1 + rv/{epsilon}), where rv is the mixing ratio, and {epsilon} is the ratio of the gas constants of air and water vapor ( 0.622). Categories Atmospheric State Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments CO2FLX : Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurement Systems MWRP : Microwave Radiometer Profiler RWP : Radar Wind Profiler

451

Elevated temperature crack propagation  

SciTech Connect

This paper is a summary of two NASA contracts on high temperature fatigue crack propagation in metals. The first evaluated the ability of fairly simple nonlinear fracture parameters to correlate crack propagation. Hastelloy-X specimens were tested under isothermal and thermomechanical cycling at temperatures up to 980 degrees C (1800 degrees F). The most successful correlating parameter was the crack tip opening displacement derived from the J-integral. The second evaluated the ability of several path-independent integrals to correlate crack propagation behavior. Inconel 718 specimens were tested under isothermal, thermomechanical, temperature gradient, and creep conditions at temperatures up to 650 degrees C (1200 degrees F). The integrals formulated by Blackburn and by Kishimoto correlated the data reasonably well under all test conditions.

Orange, T.W.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Low temperature cryoprobe  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A portable, hand held probe usable within a small confine to produce a point source of nitrogen or helium at a relatively constant temperatures of 77 degrees Kelvin, is discussed. 3 figs.

Sungaila, Z.F.

1988-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

453

High temperature pressure gauge  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high temperature pressure gauge comprising a pressure gauge positioned in fluid communication with one end of a conduit which has a diaphragm mounted in its other end. The conduit is filled with a low melting metal alloy above the diaphragm for a portion of its length with a high temperature fluid being positioned in the remaining length of the conduit and in the pressure gauge.

Echtler, J. Paul (Pittsburgh, PA); Scandrol, Roy O. (Library, PA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Temperature maintained battery system  

SciTech Connect

A chassis contains a battery charger connected to a multi-cell battery. The charger receives direct current from an external direct current power source and has means to automatically selectively charge the battery in accordance with a preselected charging program relating to temperature adjusted state of discharge of the battery. A heater device is positioned within the chassis which includes heater elements and a thermal switch which activates the heater elements to maintain the battery above a certain predetermined temperature in accordance with preselected temperature conditions occurring within the chassis. A cooling device within the chassis includes a cooler regulator, a temperature sensor, and peltier effect cooler elements. The cooler regulator activates and deactivates the peltier cooler elements in accordance with preselected temperature conditions within the chassis sensed by the temperature sensor. Various vehicle function circuitry may also be positioned within the chassis. The contents of the chassis are positioned to form a passage proximate the battery in communication with an inlet and outlet in the chassis to receive air for cooling purposes from an external source.

Newman, W.A.

1980-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

455

Effect of ocean temperature on southwestern U.S. climate analyzed  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Effect of ocean temperature on southwestern climate Effect of ocean temperature on southwestern climate Effect of ocean temperature on southwestern U.S. climate analyzed Researchers concluded that only part of the recent temperature rise in the Southwest could be attributed to greenhouse gases. December 19, 2013 Image from National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Environmental Visualization Laboratory depicts sea surface temperatures around Greenland from October 2010. Image from National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Environmental Visualization Laboratory depicts sea surface temperatures around Greenland from October 2010. Assuming that the past is a good indicator of the future, the scientists conclude that there should be wetter times ahead. Researchers have analyzed the relationship between a natural phenomenon in

456

Improved freezing level retrieval  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TRMM Microwave Imager(TMI)-based passive microwave retrieval techniques result in biased estimates of the freezing level and rainfall over the east Pacific in the Inter Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ). Passive microwave rainfall estimates...

Hong, Sungwook

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

{sup 226}Ra and {sup 231}Pa systematics of axial MORB, crustal residence ages, and magma chamber characteristics at 9--10{degree}N East Pacific Rise  

SciTech Connect

Mass spectrometric measurements of {sup 30}Th-22{sup 226}Ra and {sup 235}-U{sup 231}Pa disequilibria for axial basalts are used to determine crustal residence ages for MORB magma and investigate the temporal and spatial characteristics of axial magma chambers (AMC) at 9--10{degrees}N East Pacific Rise (EPR). Relative crustal residence ages can be calculated from variations in {sup 226}Ra/{sup 230}Th and {sup 231}Pa/{sup 235}U activity ratios for axial lavas, if (1) mantle sources and melting are uniform, and mantle transfer times are constant or rapid for axial N-MORB, and (2) {sup 231}Pa/{sup 235}U and {sup 226}Ra/{sup 230}Th in the melt are unaffected by shallow level fractional crystallization. Uniform Th, Sr, and Nd isotopic systematics and incompatible element ratios for N-MORB along the 9--10{degrees}N segment indicate that mantle sources and transfer times are similar. In addition, estimated bulk solid/melt partition coefficients for U, Th, and Pa are small, hence effects of fractional crystallization on {sup 231}Pa/{sup 235}U ratios for the melt are expected to be negligible. However, fractional crystallization of plagioclase in the AMC would lower {sup 226}Ra/{sup 230}Th ratios in the melt and produce a positive bias in {sup 226}Ra crustal residence ages for fractionated lavas.

Goldstein, S.J.; Murrell, M.T. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Perfit, M.R. [Univ., of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States). Dept. of Geology; Batiza, R. [Univ., of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI (United States); Fornari, D.J. [Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, MA (United States). Dept. of Geology and Geophysics

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

The impact of rising energy prices on household energy consumption and expenditure patterns: The Persian Gulf crisis as a case example  

SciTech Connect

The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait and the subsequent war between Iraq and an international alliance led by the United States triggered immediate increases in world oil prices. Increases in world petroleum prices and in US petroleum imports resulted in higher petroleum prices for US customers. In this report, the effects of the Persian Gulf War and its aftermath are used to demonstrate the potential impacts of petroleum price changes on majority, black, and Hispanic households, as well as on poor and nonpoor households. The analysis is done by using the Minority Energy Assessment Model developed by Argonne National Laboratory for the US Department of Energy (DOE). The differential impacts of these price increases and fluctuations on poor and minority households raise significant issues for a variety of government agencies, including DOE. Although the Persian Gulf crisis is now over and world oil prices have returned to their prewar levels, the differential impacts of rising energy prices on poor and minority households as a result of any future crisis in the world oil market remains a significant long-term issue.

Henderson, L.J. (Baltimore Univ., MD (United States)); Poyer, D.A.; Teotia, A.P.S. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Energy Systems Div.)

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Ash level meter for a fixed-bed coal gasifier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ash level meter for a fixed-bed coal gasifier is provided which utilizes the known ash level temperature profile to monitor the ash bed level. A bed stirrer which travels up and down through the extent of the bed ash level is modified by installing thermocouples to measure the bed temperature as the stirrer travels through the stirring cycle. The temperature measurement signals are transmitted to an electronic signal process system by an FM/FM telemetry system. The processing system uses the temperature signals together with an analog stirrer position signal, taken from a position transducer disposed to measure the stirrer position to compute the vertical location of the ash zone upper boundary. The circuit determines the fraction of each total stirrer cycle time the stirrer-derived bed temperature is below a selected set point, multiplies this fraction by the average stirrer signal level, multiplies this result by an appropriate constant and adds another constant such that a 1 to 5 volt signal from the processor corresponds to a 0 to 30 inch span of the ash upper boundary level. Three individual counters in the processor store clock counts that are representative of: (1) the time the stirrer temperature is below the set point (500.degree. F.), (2) the time duration of the corresponding stirrer travel cycle, and (3) the corresponding average stirrer vertical position. The inputs to all three counters are disconnected during any period that the stirrer is stopped, eliminating corruption of the measurement by stirrer stoppage.

Fasching, George E. (Morgantown, WV)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Low Temperature | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Temperature Temperature Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Sanyal Temperature Classification: Low Temperature Dictionary.png Low Temperature: No definition has been provided for this term. Add a Definition Sanyal Temp Classification This temperature scheme was developed by Sanyal in 2005 at the request of DOE and GEA, as reported in Classification of Geothermal Systems: A Possible Scheme. Extremely Low Temperature Very Low Temperature Low Temperature Moderate Temperature High Temperature Ultra High Temperature Steam Field Reservoir fluid between 150°C and 190°C is considered by Sanyal to be "low temperature." "The mobile fluid phase in these reservoirs is liquid water. A number of commercial power projects have been operated over the last two decades

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level rise temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

High temperature thermometric phosphors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high temperature phosphor consists essentially of a material having the general formula LuPO.sub.4 :Dy.sub.(x),Eu.sub.y) wherein: 0.1 wt %.ltoreq.x.ltoreq.20 wt % and 0.1 wt %.ltoreq.y.ltoreq.20 wt %. The high temperature phosphor is in contact with an article whose temperature is to be determined. The article having the phosphor in contact with it is placed in the environment for which the temperature of the article is to be determined. The phosphor is excited by a laser causing the phosphor to fluoresce. The emission from the phosphor is optically focused into a beam-splitting mirror which separates the emission into two separate emissions, the emission caused by the dysprosium dopant and the emission caused by the europium dopent. The separated emissions are optically filtered and the intensities of the emission are detected and measured. The ratio of the intensity of each emission is determined and the temperature of the article is calculated from the ratio of the intensities of the separate emissions.

Allison, Stephen W. (Knoxville, TN); Cates, Michael R. (Oak Ridge, TN); Boatner, Lynn A. (Oak Ridge, TN); Gillies, George T. (Earlysville, VA)

1999-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

462

Temperature Data Evaluation  

SciTech Connect

Groundwater temperature is sensitive to the competing processes of heat flow from below the advective transport of heat by groundwater flow. Because groundwater temperature is sensitive to conductive and advective processes, groundwater temperature may be utilized as a tracer to further constrain the uncertainty of predictions of advective radionuclide transport models constructed for the Nevada Test Site (NTS). Since heat transport, geochemical, and hydrologic models for a given area must all be consistent, uncertainty can be reduced by devaluing the weight of those models that do not match estimated heat flow. The objective of this study was to identify the quantity and quality of available heat flow data at the NTS. One-hundred-forty-five temperature logs from 63 boreholes were examined. Thirteen were found to have temperature profiles suitable for the determination of heat flow values from one or more intervals within the boreholes. If sufficient spatially distributed heat flow values are obtained, a heat transport model coupled to a hydrologic model may be used to reduce the uncertainty of a nonisothermal hydrologic model of the NTS.

Gillespie, David

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Temperature initiated passive cooling system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A passive cooling system for cooling an enclosure only when the enclosure temperature exceeds a maximum standby temperature comprises a passive heat transfer loop containing heat transfer fluid having a particular thermodynamic critical point temperature just above the maximum standby temperature. An upper portion of the heat transfer loop is insulated to prevent two phase operation below the maximum standby temperature. 1 fig.

Forsberg, C.W.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Numerical modelling of the energy balance and the englacial temperature of the Greenland Ice Sheet. Calculations for the ETH-Camp location (West Greenland, 1155 m a.s.l.)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the present work, a numerical model that calculates the surface energy blance, mass balance and temperature in the uppermost 25 m of ice at a single location on a glacier is presented. The model is forced by five basic meteorological elements: air temperature and humidity, wind speed, cloud amount and precipitation. The model was developed for studies of the Greenland Ice Sheet. Parameterizations of the surface energy fluxes were optimised with data mainly from the ETH Camp, West Greenland (1155 m a.s.l.). The model was tested on data collected during the summer of 1990 in the ETH Camp. In this case measurements of the radiative fluxes could be used. A reasonable fit between measurements and calculations of mass balance and englacial temperature could be obtained. The energy balance of this summer is discussed. In a second application, the annual cycle of the energy and mass balance and the englacial temperature at the location of the ETH Camp was simulated. In this case long term average values of the input variables were estimated from measurements at other locations and the radiative fluxes were computed with the parameterizations. The effect of model uncertainties on the calculated mass balance and 10 m ice temperature is discussed. The energy balance and the relation between air and ice temperature are analysed. The uncertainty in the calculated ablation is so large (5001000 mm w.e./yr) that the contribution of ablation on the Greenland Ice Sheet to sea-level rise cannot be calculated with sufficient accuracy (i.e. 60 mm w.e./yr) with this kind of model. However, the model should be appropriate for the determination of the sensitivity of ablation to climate change. It is predicted that at the ETH Camp the mass balance will decrease by 610 mm w.e./yr after a temperature increase of 1C.

Wouter Greuell; Thomas Konzelmann

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

temperature | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

temperature temperature Dataset Summary Description Freedom Field is a not-for-profit organization formed to facilitate development and commercialization of renewable energy solutions. The organization has installed a variety of renewable energy generating technologies at their facility (located at Rock River Water Reclamation in Rockford, IL), with the intention of serving as a demonstration facility. The facility monitors data (at 5-minute intervals) from a weather station, 12.4 kW of PV panels (56 220-watt panels), a 10kW wind turbine (HAWT), a 1.2 kW wind turbine (VAWT), an absorption cooling system, and biogas burners. Source Freedom Field Date Released July 19th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords biogas monitoring data PV radiance solar temperature

466

A Furnace Temperature Regulator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Synopsis.By making the heating coil of an electric furnace one arm of a wheatstone bridge, and combining this with a galvanometer regulator, thus keeping constant the resistance of the coil, we can, regardless of variations in the current supply, and with no attention, maintain constant the temperature of furnaces not too directly influenced by the temperature of the room, or where the surrounding air is kept constant. The power available in this regulator is relatively very great indeed; nothing has to be inserted within the furnace cavity, and the lag is practically nothing; the regulator is often almost at its best under conditions most unfavorable to other regulators. It has held a small furnace constant to 0.1 for hours at temperatures from 500 to 1400.

Walter P. White and Leason H. Adams.

1919-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Temperature profile detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is a temperature profile detector shown as a tubular enclosure surrounding an elongated electrical conductor having a plurality of meltable conductive segments surrounding it. Duplicative meltable segments are spaced apart from one another along the length of the enclosure. Electrical insulators surround these elements to confine molten material from the segments in bridging contact between the conductor and a second electrical conductor, which might be the confining tube. The location and rate of growth of the resulting short circuits between the two conductors can be monitored by measuring changes in electrical resistance between terminals at both ends of the two conductors. Additional conductors and separate sets of meltable segments operational at differing temperatures can be monitored simultaneously for measuring different temperature profiles. 8 figs.

Tokarz, R.D.

1983-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

468

Temperature, heat flow maps and temperature gradient holes |...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Temperature, heat flow maps and temperature gradient holes Author T. G. Zacharakis Organization Colorado Geological Survey in Cooperation with the U.S. Department of Energy...

469

Ch. VII, Temperature, heat flow maps and temperature gradient...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ch. VII, Temperature, heat flow maps and temperature gradient holes Author T. G. Zacharakis Editor T. G. Zacharakis Published Colorado Geological Survey in Cooperation with the...

470

Fluorescent temperature sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is a fluorescent temperature sensor or optical thermometer. The sensor includes a solution of 1,3-bis(1-pyrenyl)propane within a 1-butyl-1-1-methylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ionic liquid solvent. The 1,3-bis(1-pyrenyl)propane remains unassociated when in the ground state while in solution. When subjected to UV light, an excited state is produced that exists in equilibrium with an excimer. The position of the equilibrium between the two excited states is temperature dependent.

Baker, Gary A [Los Alamos, NM; Baker, Sheila N [Los Alamos, NM; McCleskey, T Mark [Los Alamos, NM

2009-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

471

High Temperature Superconductors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A brief review of the phenomenology of superconductivity, the distinction between type I and type II superconductors, and the application of type II superconductors is followed by a history of the theory of conventional superconductivity. Unconventional high-temperature superconductivity in the copper oxides is reviewed as a phenomenon occurring in narrow two-dimensional bands where the time for an electron transfer between like atoms is comparable to the period of an optical-mode lattice vibration. A family of iron pnictides containing layers of iron atoms may not require an alternative explanation of its high-temperature superconductivity.

J.B. Goodenough

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Magnesium Isotopes in Metal-Poor Dwarfs, the Rise of AGB Stars and the Formation Timescale of the Galactic Halo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have determined magnesium isotopic ratios (^{25,26}Mg/Mg) in metal-poor (-2.6 [Fe/H] -1.3) halo dwarfs employing high S/N (90-280) high spectral resolution (R = 10^5) Keck HIRES spectra. Unlike previous claims of an important contribution from intermediate-mass AGB stars at low metallicities, we find that the rise of the AGB contribution in the Galactic halo did not occur until intermediate metallicities ([Fe/H] ~> -1.5).

Jorge Melendez; Judith G. Cohen

2007-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

473

EA-1871: Environmental Assessment for Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, EE Standards for New Federal Commercial and High-Rise Multi-Family Residential Buildings and 10 CFR 435, EE Standards for New Federal Residential Low-Rise Residential Buildings"  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared this Environmental Assessment (EA) for DOEs Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, ?Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Commercial and High-Rise Multi-Family Residential Buildings? and 10 CFR 435, ?Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Residential Low-Rise Residential Buildings? Baseline Standards Update. The final rule updates the baseline standards in 10 CFR 433 and 10 CFR 435 to the latest private sector standards based on the cost-effectiveness of the latest private sector standards and DOEs determination that energy efficiency has been improved in these codes as required by 42 U.S.C 6831 et seq. DOE is issuing its final determinations on American National Standards Institute (ANSI)/American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc. (ASHRAE)/Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IESNA) Standard 90.1-2007 (ASHRAE 2007) and the International Code Councils 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) in the same edition of the Federal Register as this final rule.

474

High level nuclear waste  

SciTech Connect

The DOE Division of Waste Products through a lead office at Savannah River is developing a program to immobilize all US high-level nuclear waste for terminal disposal. DOE high-level wastes include those at the Hanford Plant, the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant, and the Savannah River Plant. Commercial high-level wastes, for which DOE is also developing immobilization technology, include those at the Nuclear Fuel Services Plant and any future commercial fuels reprocessing plants. The first immobilization plant is to be the Defense Waste Processing Facility at Savannah River, scheduled for 1983 project submission to Congress and 1989 operation. Waste forms are still being selected for this plant. Borosilicate glass is currently the reference form, but alternate candidates include concretes, calcines, other glasses, ceramics, and matrix forms.

Crandall, J L

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

2017 Levelized Costs AEO 2012 Early Release  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

to higher production in the near future highly uncertain. Rising tensions around Russia and Ukraine have also increased the perceived risk of a potential future oil market...

476

EOD modulations of brown ghost electric fish: JARs, chirps, rises, and dips  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Weakly electric wave fish make highly regular electric organ discharges (EODs) for precise electrolocation. Yet, they modulate the ongoing rhythmicity of their EOD during social interactions. These modulations may last from a few milliseconds to tens of minutes. In this paper we describe the different types of EOD modulations, what they may signal to recipient fish, and how they are generated on a neural level. Our main conclusions, based on a species called the brown ghost (Apteronotus leptorhynchus) are that fish: (1) show sexual dimorphism in the signals that they generate; (2) make different signals depending on whether they are interacting with a fish of the opposite sex or, within their own sex, to a fish of that which is dominant or subordinate to it; (3) are able to assess relative dominance from electrical cues; (4) have a type of plasticity in the pacemaker nucleus, the control center for the EOD, that occurs after stimulation of NMDA receptors that causes a long-lasting (tens of minutes to hours) change in EOD frequency; (5) that this NMDA receptor-dependent change may occur in reflexive responses, like the jamming avoidance response (JAR), as well as after certain long-lasting social signals. We propose that NMDA-receptor dependent increases in EOD frequency during the JAR adaptively shift the EOD frequency to a new value to avoid jamming by another fish and that such increases in EOD frequency during social encounters may be advantageous since social dominance seems to be positively correlated with EOD frequency in both sexes.

Harold Zakon; Joerg Oestreich; Sara Tallarovic; Frank Triefenbach

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Effects of variations in rate of temperature rise, curing temperature and size of specimen on selected physical properties of concrete made with type I cement and steam cured at atmospheric pressure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By Blear Olivieri-Cintrou Subsitted to tha Graduate Sobool of tba Agricultural aad Mechauieal College of Tares iu Partial fulfillaaat of the requiraaeats for tbe degree of MASTER OP SCIENCE May ISSS Ma)or gabfest: Civil Bagiaeeriug EPPECTS OP... to understand nore dully the influence of the various factors affecting stean curing& the Tense Transportation Institute in cooperation with the Departaant of Civil Engineering has started a progrm of research on this subject. This investigation is e part...

Olivieri-Cintron, Elmer

1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Effects of variations in rate of temperature rise, curing temperature and size of specimen on selected physical properties of concrete made with type III cement and steam cured at atmospheric pressure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thesis Weldon Wayne Aldridge p 44 Subaitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1958 Ma)or Sub]ect: Civil Engineering...- ment of the requirements for a Master of . ":cience degree in Civil Engineering. Mr. Burleson used Type I Portland cement and siliceous sand and gravel in his conorete mixes which he held at a constant water/cement ratio throughout his testing...

Aldridge, Weldon Wayne

1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Global scheduling on temperature-constrained multiprocessor real-time systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, we study temperature-constrained multiprocessor real-time systems, where real-time guarantees must be met without exceeding safe temperature levels within the processors. We focus on Pfair scheduling algorithms, especially ERfair...

Koo, Ja-Ryeong

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

480

Thermomechanical Cyclic Response of TiNiPd High-Temperature Shape Memory Alloys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TiNiPd high-temperature shape memory alloys (HTSMAs) have attracted considerable attention as potential solid-state actuators capable of operating at temperatures up to 500 C, exhibiting excellent corrosion resistance, adequate ductility levels...

Atli, Kadri

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level rise temperatures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Test of two prototype high-temperature superconducting transmission cables  

SciTech Connect

Two 500-A class prototype high-temperature superconducting cables have been constructed by Southwire Company and tested at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). In the first cable, no insulation was used to separate the individual HTS tapes. In the second cable, Kapton tape was used to insulate the HTS tapes between successive layers for the study of AC loss and current distribution. The cables were tested with both DC and AC currents in liquid nitrogen from 77 to 69 K. Both cables achieved DC critical current, I{sub c} greater than 500 A. A calorimetric technique that measures the cable temperature rise under ac currents was used to measure the ac loss of the cables. The un-insulated cable showed a cryoresistive behavior under the 60 Hz AC currents. The insulated cable started to show measurable loss at current where there was corresponding resistive loss.

Lue, J.W.; Lubell, M.S.; Kroeger, D.M.; Martin, P.M. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Demko, J.A.; Jones, E.C. [Oak Ridge Associated Universities, Inc., TN (United States); Sinha, U.; Hughey, R.L. [Southwire Co., Carrollton, GA (United States)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

ENRAF gauge reference level calculations  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the method for calculating reference levels for Enraf Series 854 Level Detectors as installed in the tank farms. The reference level calculation for each installed level gauge is contained herein.

Huber, J.H., Fluor Daniel Hanford

1997-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

483

Ultrasonic liquid level detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ultrasonic liquid level detector for use within a shielded container, the detector being tubular in shape with a chamber at its lower end into which liquid from in the container may enter and exit, the chamber having an ultrasonic transmitter and receiver in its top wall and a reflector plate or target as its bottom wall whereby when liquid fills the chamber a complete medium is then present through which an ultrasonic wave may be transmitted and reflected from the target thus signaling that the liquid is at chamber level.

Kotz, Dennis M. (North Augusta, SC); Hinz, William R. (Augusta, GA)

2010-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

484

Temperature differential detection device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A temperature differential detection device for detecting the temperature differential between predetermined portions of a container wall is disclosed as comprising a Wheatstone bridge circuit for detecting resistance imbalance with a first circuit branch having a first elongated wire element mounted in thermal contact with a predetermined portion of the container wall, a second circuit branch having a second elongated wire element mounted in thermal contact with a second predetermined portion of a container wall with the wire elements having a predetermined temperature-resistant coefficient, an indicator interconnected between the first and second branches remote from the container wall for detecting and indicating resistance imbalance between the first and second wire elements, and connector leads for electrically connecting the wire elements to the remote indicator in order to maintain the respective resistance value relationship between the first and second wire elements. The indicator is calibrated to indicate the detected resistance imbalance in terms of a temperature differential between the first and second wall portions.

Girling, Peter M. (Allentown, PA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Chemistry at High Temperatures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...347 the condensed phase. Both cases are...show the opposite behavior. These predictions...vapors. Condensed phase B203 B + B203 02...complex silicates and hydrates in high-temperature...characterized by phase diagrams (derived...doubt that thou-sands of new chemical materials...

John L. Margrave

1962-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

486

High Temperature Membrane Working Group  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The High Temperature Membrane Working Group consists of government, industry, and university researchers interested in developing high temperature membranes for fuel cells.

487

INNOVATIVE INSTRUMENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF THE TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT FOR HIGH TEMPERATURE GASIFICATION  

SciTech Connect

The systematic tests of the gasifier simulator were conducted in this reporting period. In the systematic test, two (2) factors were considered as the experimental parameters, including air injection rate and water injection rate. Each experimental factor had two (2) levels, respectively. A special water-feeding device was designed and installed to the gasifier simulator. Analysis of Variances (ANOVA) was applied to the results of the systematic tests. The ANOVA shows that the air injection rate did have the significant impact to the temperature measurement in the gasifier simulator. The ANOVA also shows that the water injection rate did not have the significant impact to the temperature measurements in the gasifier simulator. The ANOVA analysis also proves that the thermocouple assembly we proposed was immune to the moisture environment, the temperature measurement remained accurate in moisture environment. Within this reporting period, the vibration application for cleaning purpose was explored. Both ultrasonic and sub-sonic vibrations were considered. A feasibility test was conducted to prove that the thermocouple vibration did not have the significant impact to the temperature measurements in the gasifier simulator. This feasibility test was a 2{sup 2} factorial design. Two factors including temperature levels and motor speeds were set to two levels respectively. The sub-sonic vibration tests were applied to the thermocouple to remove the concrete cover layer (used to simulate the solid condensate in gasifiers) on the thermocouple tip. It was found that both frequency and amplitude had significant impacts on removal performance of the concrete cover layer.

Seong W. Lee

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Pseudogap and Superconducting Gap in High-Temperature Superconductors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pseudogap and Superconducting Gap in Pseudogap and Superconducting Gap in High-Temperature Superconductors Two decades after the discovery of first high temperature superconductors, the microscopic mechanism of high-Tc superconductivity remains elusive. In conventional superconductors, it has been well established that electrons form so-called "Cooper pairs" to give rise to superconductivity. The pair binding manifests itself as an energy gap in many spectroscopic measurements. This energy gap, known as superconducting gap, appears at the superconducting transition temperature Tc where the resistance also vanishes. For high temperature superconductors, the story is more complicated. Over a wide region of compositions and temperatures, there exists an energy gap well above Tc. This energy gap is called pseudogap [1], because there is no direct correlation to the superconducting transition. The origin of this pseudogap and its relation to the superconducting gap are believed to hold the key for understanding the mechanism of high-Tc superconductivity - one of the outstanding problems in condensed matter physics. In this regard, researchers Kiyohisa Tanaka and Wei-Sheng Lee, along with their co-workers in Prof. Zhi-Xun Shen's group at Stanford University, have recently made an important discovery about the coexistence of two distinct energy gaps that have opposite doping dependence. Their observation not only provides a natural explanation for the contradictory results about the superconducting gap deduced from different experimental techniques, but also has profound implications on the mechanism of high-Tc superconductivity.

489

The Technical and Economical Analysis of a Centralized Air-Conditioning System with Cold Storage Refrigeration in High-Rise Residential Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent years, the application of a centralized air-conditioning system (CACS) with cold storage refrigeration in high-rise residential buildings has gradually increased. Due to the large difference between civil residential buildings...

Xiang, C.; Xie, G.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Influence of pH of the BSA solutions on velocity of the rising bubbles and stability of the thin liquid films and foams  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Influence of pH of the BSA solutions on velocity of the rising bubbles, stability of foams, and properties of single foam...IEP...=4.8) the BSA showed the highest surface activity. The equilibrium microscopic foa...

J. Zawala; R. Todorov; A. Olszewska; D. Exerowa; K. Malysa

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

High Temperature Membrane Working Group  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This presentation provides an overview of the High Temperature Membrane Working Group Meeting in May 2007.

492

Sea level control on facies architecture of incised valley-fill sequences: case study of Sabine and Trinity valleys, Texas Continental Shelf  

SciTech Connect

The rate of sea level rise likely has varied during the late Wisconsinan-Holocene transgression. The authors are investigating the sea level history of the northwest Gulf of Mexico by examining the sequence stratigraphy of incised valleys on the Texas continental shelf. Glaciologists argue that mass wasting of marine ice sheets can cause rapid and episodic relative sea level (RSL) rises on the order of 5 m/100 years. Such an event would produce a large (/approx/25 km) landward translation of the shoreline on low-gradient shelves like that of north Texas. RSL rise events are expected to be manifested as discontinuities in valley-fill sedimentation and as changes in valley shape. Nearly 1000 km of high-resolution seismic profiles collected in an area extending from Sabine Pass to Galveston and to 60 km offshore were integrated with engineering borings, vibracores, and piston cores; these data allow mapping of incised valleys and valley-fill facies associated with the ancestral Sabine and Trinity rivers. An RSL rise event is characterized by a change from slow rate of rise to rapid and back to slow. The period of rapid rise produces a major flooding surface; bayhead delta development is suppressed, and lower estuarine or marine deposits lie directly on fluvial deposits. Because accommodation increases as rapidly as RSL rises, valley-fill deposition is limited to the original, deeply incised valley. In map view, the valley appears relatively straight and narrow. The valley just offshore Galveston Island represents this situation. During a period of slow rise, bayhead deltas prograde and downlap onto estuarine deposits. In this case, sediments may completely fill the original incised valley, and the river supplying this valley may meander beyond previous valley edges. In map view, such a valley will be broad and irregular in shape, much like modern Galveston Bay.

Thomas, M.A.; Anderson, J.B.; Smyth, W.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Micro gas turbine cogeneration system with latent heat storage at the University: Part III: Temperature control schedule  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The latent heat storage system is a novel heat storage system. At the University under service conditions, it was demonstrated with a micro gas turbine (MGT) cogeneration system (CGS). Expanding the latent heat storage system into new applications is expected to save energy economically with high density energy storage and reduce exhaust emissions and reduce operational costs. This is the first demonstration of using a latent heat storage system with CGS under service condition and its characteristics are very important. In Part I, a fixed operating schedule of the system was planned and demonstrated at the University. The charge/discharge cycles of the latent heat storage system were repeated for 407 times. The energy flow test of the system shows the importance of the heat release source and total system design. In Part II, an irregular charge case of the latent heat storage system was discussed when the prime mover of the system was operated at a part load and thermal priority mode. A highly sophisticated system design that solves these problems was necessary for extending the applications of the latent heat storage system. In Part III, a temperature control schedule of the system was demonstrated during winter mornings using a new programmable logic controller (PLC). Using a fixed schedule, the MGT-CGS with latent heat storage reduced the CO2 emission when the energy utilization factor was above 50%. The temperature control schedule was considered to be better than the fixed schedule, both in terms of the operational efficiency of the overall system and CO2 reduction. The temperature control schedule was executed using an empirical formula for the temperature rise in a classroom. The restriction on the operation time by the contract with the gas supplier and the low heating capacity of the CGS affected the heating time and temperature rise. The temperature rise in the classroom was almost proportional to the integrated temperature difference across the hot water header of the heating system. On cold days, the rate of temperature rise produced by the CGS was very slow, therefore, additional heat supplied by the original boiler was used to increase the temperature rise. If larger latent heat storage systems will be developed in future, it will be expected that the temperature of the classrooms are kept more comfortable with less energy consumptions and lower CO2 emission.

Osamu Kurata; Norihiko Iki; Takayuki Matsunuma; Tetsuhiko Maeda; Satoshi Hirano; Katsuhiko Kadoguchi; Hiromi Takeuchi; Hiro Yoshida

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Unconventional temperature enhanced magnetism in iron telluride  

SciTech Connect

Discoveries of copper and iron-based high-temperature superconductors (HTSC)1-2 have challenged our views of superconductivity and magnetism. Contrary to the pre-existing view that magnetism, which typically involves localized electrons, and superconductivity, which requires freely-propagating itinerant electrons, are mutually exclusive, antiferromagnetic phases were found in all HTSC parent materials3,4. Moreover, highly energetic magnetic fluctuations, discovered in HTSC by inelastic neutron scattering (INS) 5,6, are now widely believed to be vital for the superconductivity 7-10. In two competing scenarios, they either originate from local atomic spins11, or are a property of cooperative spin-density-wave (SDW) behavior of conduction electrons 12,13. Both assume clear partition into localized electrons, giving rise to local spins, and itinerant ones, occupying well-defined, rigid conduction bands. Here, by performing an INS study of spin dynamics in iron telluride, a parent material of one of the iron-based HTSC families, we have discovered that this very assumption fails, and that conduction and localized electrons are fundamentally entangled. In the temperature range relevant for the superconductivity we observe a remarkable redistribution of magnetism between the two groups of electrons. The effective spin per Fe at T 10 K, in the2 antiferromagnetic phase, corresponds to S 1, consistent with the recent analyses that emphasize importance of Hund s intra-atomic exchange15-16. However, it grows to S 3/2 in the disordered phase, a result that profoundly challenges the picture of rigid bands, broadly accepted for HTSC.

Zalinznyak, I. [Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL); Xu, Zhijun [ORNL; Tranquada, John M. [Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL); Gu, G. D. [Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL); Tsvelik, A. [Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL); Stone, Matthew B [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

CONTAINMENT VESSEL TEMPERATURE FOR PU-238 HEAT SOURCE CONTAINER UNDER AMBIENT, FREE CONVECTION AND LOW EMISSIVITY COOLING CONDITIONS  

SciTech Connect

The EP-61 primary containment vessel of the 5320 shipping package has been used for storage and transportation of Pu-238 plutonium oxide heat source material. For storage, the material in its convenience canister called EP-60 is placed in the EP-61 and sealed by two threaded caps with elastomer O-ring seals. When the package is shipped, the outer cap is seal welded to the body. While stored, the EP-61s are placed in a cooling water bath. In preparation for welding, several containers are removed from storage and staged to the welding booth. The significant heat generation of the contents, and resulting rapid rise in component temperature necessitates special handling practices. The test described here was performed to determine the temperature rise with time and peak temperature attained for an EP-61 with 203 watts of internal heat generation, upon its removal from the cooling water bath.

Gupta, N.; Smith, A.

2011-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

496

Rapid and brief communication: Proposing new methods in low-level vision from the Mach band illusion in retrospect  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A re-scan of the well-known Mach band illusion has led to the proposal of a Bi-Laplacian of Gaussian operation in early vision. Based on this postulate, the human visual system at low-level has been modeled from two approaches that give rise to two new ... Keywords: Brightness-contrast illusions, Disinhibition, Early vision, Edge enhancement, Laplacian

Kuntal Ghosh; Sandip Sarkar; Kamales Bhaumik

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

High temperature detonator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A detonator assembly is provided which is usable at high temperatures about 300.degree. C. A detonator body is provided with an internal volume defining an anvil surface. A first acceptor explosive is disposed on the anvil surface. A donor assembly having an ignition element, an explosive material, and a flying plate, are placed in the body effective to accelerate the flying plate to impact the first acceptor explosive on the anvil for detonating the first acceptor explosive. A second acceptor explosive is eccentrically located in detonation relationship with the first acceptor explosive to thereafter effect detonation of a main charge.

Johnson, James O. (Los Alamos, NM); Dinegar, Robert H. (Los Alamos, NM)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Thermionic converter temperature controller  

SciTech Connect

A method and apparatus for controlling the temperature of a thermionic reactor over a wide range of operating power, including a thermionic reactor having a plurality of integral cesium reservoirs, a honeycomb material disposed about the reactor which has a plurality of separated cavities, a solid sheath disposed about the honeycomb material and having an opening therein communicating with the honeycomb material and cavities thereof, and a shell disposed about the sheath for creating a coolant annulus therewith so that the coolant in the annulus may fill the cavities and permit nucleate boiling during the operation of the reactor.

Shaner, Benjamin J. (McMurray, PA); Wolf, Joseph H. (Pittsburgh, PA); Johnson, Robert G. R. (Trafford, PA)

2001-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

499

Thermionic Converter Temperature Controller  

SciTech Connect

A method and apparatus for controlling the temperature of a thermionic reactor over a wide range of operating power, including a thermionic reactor having a plurality of integral cesium reservoirs, a honeycomb material disposed about the reactor which has a plurality of separated cavities, a solid sheath disposed about the honeycomb material and having an opening therein communicating with the honeycomb material and cavities thereof, and a shell disposed about the sheath for creating a coolant annulus therewith so that the coolant in the annulus may fill the cavities and permit nucleate boiling during the operation of the reactor.

Shaner,B. J.; Wolf, Joseph H.; Johnson, Robert G. R.

1999-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

500

Drexel University Temperature Sensors  

SciTech Connect

This document summarizes background information and presents results related to temperature measurements in the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) National Scientific User Facility (NSUF) Drexel University Project 31091 irradiation. The objective of this test was to assess the radiation performance of new ceramic materials for advanced reactor applications. Accordingly, irradiations of transition metal carbides and nitrides were performed using the Hydraulic Shuttle Irradiation System (HSIS) in the B-7 position and in static capsules inserted into the A-3 and East Flux Trap Position 5 locations of the ATR.

K. L. Davis; D. L. Knudson; J. L. Rempe; B. M. Chase

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z