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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

The Determinants of Hazardous Waste Disposal Choice:  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we estimate conditional logit models of generator’s choice of waste management facilities (TSDFs) for shipments of halogenated solvent waste documented by the manifests filled out in California in 1995. We find that the probability that a facility is selected as the destination of an off-site shipment of halogenated solvent waste depends on the cost of shipping and disposal at that facility, on measures of existing contamination at the site, and on the track record of the receiving facility. Generators do seem to balance current disposal costs with the likelihood of future liability, should the TSDF become involved in either the state or federal Superfund program. In general, we find no evidence that generators prefer “wealthier ” TSDFs or “larger ” facilities, suggesting that there is a role for smaller, private companies in the management of halogenated solvent waste. When attention is limited to so-called “restricted ” wastes containing halogenated compounds, which cannot be landfilled, the best match between the waste and the treatment offered by the facility may be more important than saving on the cost of disposal, and price may even be interpreted as a signal for quality of the facility. 3

Anna Alberini; John Bartholomew; Anna Alberini; John Bartholomew

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Determination of Coke Calcination Level and Anode Baking Level  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Determination of Coke Calcination Level and Anode Baking Level – Application and Reproducibility of Lc Based Methods. Author(s), Stein ...

3

Determinants of alternative fuel vehicle choice in the continental United States.  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the ongoing investigation into the determinants of alternative fuel vehicle choice. A stated preference vehicle choice survey was conducted for the 47 of the continental U.S. states, excluding California. The national survey is based on and is an extension of previous studies on alternative fuel vehicle choice for the State of California conducted by the University of California's Institute of Transportation Studies (UC ITS). Researchers at UC ITS have used the stated-preference national survey to produce a series of estimates for new vehicle choice models. Three of these models are presented in this paper. The first two of the models were estimated using only the data from the national survey. The third model presented in this paper pools information from the national and California surveys to estimate a true national model for new vehicle choice.

Tompkins, M.

1997-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

4

Qualitative choice modeling of energy-conservation decisions: a micro-economic analysis of the determinants of residential space-heating energy demand  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study develops an economic model of household decisions to install major conservation measures such as storm windows, attic insulation, and wall insulation. The structural core of the model is the neoclassical economic paradigm of constrained discounted expected utility maximization. Household choices are modeled as being determined by household preferences across space-heating comfort levels and a composite of all other goods and services. These preferences interact with alternative household budget constraints which are determined by the household's conservation decisions. Nested Logit estimation techniques, using the observed discrete choices of a representative sample of households (in owner-occupied, single-family dwellings), are shown to be superior to simple Multinomial Logit estimation. This superiority arises from the importance of correlation among the error terms associated with indirect utility derived from certain subsets of available conservation alternatives.

Cameron, T.A.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Determining the Adequate Level of Distributed Generation Penetration...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Determining the Adequate Level of Distributed Generation Penetration in Future Grids Speaker(s): Johan Driesen Date: March 18, 2004 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar HostPoint...

6

Determining the Adequate Level of Distributed Generation Penetration in  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Determining the Adequate Level of Distributed Generation Penetration in Determining the Adequate Level of Distributed Generation Penetration in Future Grids Speaker(s): Johan Driesen Date: March 18, 2004 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Kristina LaCommare In this talk, Johan will discuss the technical barriers met while deploying distributed generation (DG) technology in the grid. These are related to voltage quality, reliability, stability of the grid, but also safety, environmental and economic issues are important. Eventually, the question 'how far can you go ?' is addressed. The range from small-scale local DG such as photovoltaics to large-scale (off-shore) wind farms are dealt with, each with their specific issues. The talk is illustrated with examples from research projects at the KULeuven financied by national and European

7

R.E.A.C.T. - Renewable Energy Activities - Choices for Tomorrow - Teacher's Activity Guide for Middle Level Grades 6-8  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

E.A.C.T. E.A.C.T. Renewable Energy Activities - Choices for Tomorrow Teacher's Activity Guide for Middle Level Grades 6-8 National Renewable Energy Laboratory Education Programs 1617 Cole Blvd. Golden, Colorado 80401 Tel: (303) 275-3044 Home page: http://www.nrel.gov ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The Education Office at NREL would like to thank Dr. James Schreck, Professor of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Northern Colorado, for his commitment and hard work in the development of this activity booklet. His expertise was invaluable in producing a final product that attempts to be "user friendly." It is the goal of the Education Office to make these kits accessible, easy to use, and fun. We want your students to gain, not only an understanding of renewable and nonrenewable energy resources, but a

8

Determining Thermal Conductivity of Simulated Feed for High Level ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of Fluidized Bed Steam Reforming (FBSR) with Hanford Low Activity Wastes ... Level Waste at the Defense Waste Processing Facility through Sludge Batch 7b.

9

A Branch-and-Price Approach to the Share-of-Choice Product Line Design Problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We develop a branch-and-price algorithm for constructing an optimal product line using partworth estimates from choice-based conjoint analysis. The algorithm determines the specific attribute levels for each multiattribute product in a set of products ... Keywords: branch and price, column generation, combinatorial optimization, conjoint analysis, integer programming, marketing, optimization, product line design, share of choice

Xinfang (Jocelyn) Wang; Jeffrey D. Camm; David J. Curry

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

In-situ determination of radionuclide levels in facilities to be decommissioned using the allowable residual contamination level method  

SciTech Connect

This feasibility study resulted in verification of a direct and two alternate indirect techniques for making in-situ determinations of {sup 90}Sr and other radionuclide levels in a Hanford facility to be decommissioned that was evaluated using the Allowable Residual Contamination Level (ARCL) method. The ARCL method is used to determine the extent of decontamination that will be required before a facility can be decommissioned. A sump in the 1608F Building was chosen for the feasibility study. Hanford decommissioning personnel had previously taken 79 concrete and surface scale samples from the building to be analyzed by radiochemical analysis. The results of the radiochemical analyses compare favorably with the values derived by the in-situ methods presented in this report. Results obtained using a portable spectrometer and thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLDs) were both very close to the radiochemistry results. Surface {sup 90}Sr levels detected on the sump floor were 550 pCi/cm{sup 2} using the spectrometer system and 780 pCi/cm{sup 2} using the TLD data. This compares favorably with the levels determined by radiochemical analyses (i.e., 230 to 730 pCi/cm{sup 2}). Surface {sup 90}Sr levels detected on the sump wall ranged between 10 and 80 pCi/cm{sup 2} using the spectrometer system, compared with a conservative 200 pCi/cm{sup 2} using the TLD data. The radiochemical results ranged between 19 and 77 pCi/cm{sup 2} for the four samples taken from the wall at indeterminate locations. 17 refs., 15 figs., 2 tabs.

Arthur, R.J.; Haggard, D.L.

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Determining Background Radiation Levels in Support of Decommissioning Nuclear Power Plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is a technical reference for determining background radiation levels in support of surveys for decommissioning nuclear power facilities. Careful planning and data evaluation are essential for a valid survey. The report discusses important considerations for successful establishment of background levels for soils, surfaces, structures, and groundwater. It also explores alternatives to performing a formal background study.

2001-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

12

Microcosm procedure for determining safe levels of chemical exposure in shallow-water communities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a method for determining safe levels of chemical exposure in shallow-water communities, using laboratory microcosms as test subjects. The safe level is considered to be the maximum exposure that causes no persistent, ecologically significant changes in the ecosystem. In experiments completed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, microcosm-derived estimates of safe exposure levels were confirmed using outdoor artificial ponds, which suggests that the microcosm procedure can be an efficient and economical means of determining safe levels for shallow-water communities. Details of microcosm construction, techniques for monitoring ecological variables in microcosms, and an experimental design for determining safe exposure levels are provided here. The microcosms are assembled by transferring components of natural ecosystems to 80-litre aquaria in a controlled laboratory environment. The communities that develop in these systems are typically dominated by common, cosmopolitan littoral species of macrophytes, algae, and invertebrates. Methods are described for measuring changes in water chemistry, phytoplankton, periphyton, macrophytes, zooplankton, and ecosystem production and respiration. By monitoring these variables over a gradient of pollutant exposure levels, the safe level can be determined accurately and precisely. 16 refs., 2 figs.

Giddings, J.M.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

A REVIEW OF ASSUMPTIONS AND ANALYSIS IN EPRI EA-3409, "HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCE CHOICE: REVISION OF REEPS BEHAVIORAL MODELS"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

level, the choice alternatives are cooling and no cooling.space heating alternatives with central cooling (gas, oil,choice model. Alternative formulations of the cooling choice

Wood, D.J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Level  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

7 at level 3 (FHEQ level 6) and the rest at level M (FHEQ level 7) 4. Other entry N/A Credit Level awards (if applicable): 5. Exit Awards: PGDip Advanced Computer Science 120 credits with not more than 30 credits at level 3 (FHEQ level 6) and the rest at level M (FHEQ level 7) Credit

Programme Csad

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Level  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

7 at level 3 (FHEQ level 6) and the rest at level M (FHEQ level 7) 4. Other entry N/A Credit Level awards (if applicable): 5. Exit Awards: PGDip Computer Science 120 credits with not more than 30 credits at level 3 (FHEQ level 6) and the rest at level M (FHEQ level 7) Credit

unknown authors

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Evaluation of the LASL automated spectrophotometer for uranium determination at submilligram levels  

SciTech Connect

The LASL automated spectrophotometer, designed for determination of 1 to 14 mg of uranium and 0.5 to 14 mg of plutonium, has been evaluated for determination of lower levels of uranium to 0.12 mg. The essentially linear response of absorbance is maintained and the standard deviation for a single measurement is constant at about 0.013 mg of uranium, corresponding to a maximum uncertainty of about 10 percent at the 0.12-mg limit. The instrument was applied to the analysis of a series of low-level-concentration, 0.07- to 0.8-mg/ml uranium samples. The results were not statistically different from those obtained by a manual spectrophotometric method.

Hollen, R.M.; Jackson, D.D.; Rein, J.E.

1977-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Level  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

7 180 credits with not more than 30 credits at level 3 (FHEQ level 6) and the rest at level M (FHEQ level 7) 4. Other entry N/A Credit Level awards (if applicable): 5. Exit Awards: PGDip in Advanced Computer Science with

Programme Csci

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Colorado's clean energy choices  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The daily choices made as consumers affect the environment and the economy. Based on the state of today's technology and economics, Colorado consumers can include energy efficiency and renewable energy into many aspects of their lives. These choices include where they obtain electricity, how they use energy at home, and how they transport themselves from one place to another. In addition to outlining how they can use clean energy, Colorado's Clean Energy Choices gives consumers contacts and links to Web sites for where to get more information.

Strawn, N.; Jones, J.

2000-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

19

Energy 101: Lighting Choices | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

101: Lighting Choices 101: Lighting Choices Energy 101: Lighting Choices August 13, 2013 - 2:38pm Addthis Learn about energy-efficient light bulbs that can light your home for less money. For many years, researchers have been working on new lighting options that produce the same light with less energy. Many of those designs are now on the market. This edition of Energy 101 features newer energy-saving light bulbs that provide the choices in colors and light levels you've come to expect, but with higher efficiencies-so they save you money. Upgrading 15 of the inefficient incandescent light bulbs in your home to energy-saving incandescent, compact fluorescent lamp (CFL), or light emitting diode (LED) bulbs could save you about $50 per year. For more information on lighting choices from the Office of Energy

20

Energy 101: Lighting Choices | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy 101: Lighting Choices Energy 101: Lighting Choices Energy 101: Lighting Choices August 13, 2013 - 2:38pm Addthis Learn about energy-efficient light bulbs that can light your home for less money. For many years, researchers have been working on new lighting options that produce the same light with less energy. Many of those designs are now on the market. This edition of Energy 101 features newer energy-saving light bulbs that provide the choices in colors and light levels you've come to expect, but with higher efficiencies-so they save you money. Upgrading 15 of the inefficient incandescent light bulbs in your home to energy-saving incandescent, compact fluorescent lamp (CFL), or light emitting diode (LED) bulbs could save you about $50 per year. For more information on lighting choices from the Office of Energy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

How Happiness Affects Choice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Consumers want to be happy, and marketers are increasingly trying to appeal to consumers’ pursuit of happiness. However, the results of six studies reveal that what happiness means varies, and consumers’ choices reflect ...

Mogilner, Cassie

22

COMMUNITY CHOICE AGGREGATION PILOT PROJECT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COMMUNITY CHOICE AGGREGATION PILOT PROJECT APPENDIX B: Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor Project Reports on California Public Utilities Commission Decisions on Community Choice Aggregation Prepared For Participants FROM: John Dalessi, NCI SUBJECT: CPUC COMMUNITY CHOICE AGGREGATION PHASE 1 DECISION On December 16

23

Arnold Schwarzenegger COMMUNITY CHOICE AGGREGATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor COMMUNITY CHOICE AGGREGATION PILOT PROJECT APPENDIX G Aggregation Guide is the interim report for the Community Choice Aggregation Pilot Program project (Contract Community Choice Aggregation Guide. California Energy Commission, PIER Renewable Energy Technologies

24

Arnold Schwarzenegger COMMUNITY CHOICE AGGREGATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor COMMUNITY CHOICE AGGREGATION PILOT PROJECT PIERFINALPROJECTREPORT Rosenfeld. Please cite this report as follows: Stoner, G. Patrick. 2008. Community Choice Aggregation Pilot Aggregation Pilot Project Final Report is the final report for the Community Choice Aggregation Pilot Project

25

Natural Gas Residential Choice Programs  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

www.ai.orgiurcgasnipsco.html http:www.nipsco.comOur-ServicesNIPSCO-ChoiceChoice-Suppliers.aspx Lists activeparticipating marketers Kentucky 3 3 http:...

26

COMMUNITY CHOICE AGGREGATION PILOT PROJECT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COMMUNITY CHOICE AGGREGATION PILOT PROJECT APPENDIX H: Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor Berkeley have been investigating and analyzing a program for the implementation of Community Choice Aggregation

27

Mathematics achievement : the impact of America's choice in Kentucky's schools.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Ph. D. This study examined student achievement scores in Kentucky elementary schools to determine the relationship between implementing the America's Choice comprehensive school reform model… (more)

Upton, Sonia James

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Community Choice Community Choice Aggregation (CCA) enables California cities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Community Choice Community Choice Aggregation (CCA) enables California cities and counties, and are looking at Community Choice Aggregation as a mechanism for doing so. When California deregulated the same utilities that provided it before deregulation. Community Choice Aggregation offers an opportunity

29

Energy 101: Lighting Choices | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting Choices Energy 101: Lighting Choices Addthis Below is the text version for the Energy 101: Lighting Choices video: The video opens with "Energy 101: Lighting Choices."...

30

COMMUNITY CHOICE AGGREGATION PILOT PROJECT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COMMUNITY CHOICE AGGREGATION PILOT PROJECT APPENDIX A: Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor Community in this report. #12;1 COMMUNITY CHOICE AGGREGATION PILOT PROJECT APPENDIX A Community Choice Aggregation in the Community Choice Aggregation Demonstration project and assesses the costs and availability of renewable

31

Determination and Mitigation of Precipitation Effects on Portal Monitor Gamma Background Levels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this project is to establish a correlation between precipitation and background gamma radiation levels at radiation portal monitors (RPM) deployed at various ports worldwide, and to devise a mechanism by which the effects of these precipitation-induced background fluctuations could be mitigated. The task of detecting special nuclear materials (SNM) by passive gamma spectroscopy is very difficult due to the low signal-to-noise ratio observed in an uncontrolled environment. Due to their low activities and the low energies of their characteristic gamma rays, the signals from many types of SNM can easily be obscured by background radiation. While this can be somewhat mitigated by taking regular background radiation measurements, even this cannot resolve the issue if background levels change suddenly and dramatically. Furthermore, any increase in background count rate will increase the statistical uncertainty of the count rate measurement, and thus decrease the minimum quantity of SNM that can be reliably detected. Existing research suggests that the advent of precipitation is the culprit behind many such large and sudden increases in background radiation. The correlation between precipitation and background levels was explored by in-situ testing on a full-scale portal monitor at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and by comparing previously recorded background radiation and weather data from portal monitors located at ports worldwide. The first was utilized to determine the frequency and magnitude at which precipitation introduces background activity, and the second was used to quantify the effects of various quantities and types of precipitation in various parts of the world. Once this analysis was complete, various methods of mitigating these changes in background radiation were developed based on the collected data. Precipitation was found to be the most common culprit for rapid increases in background count rate, and was attributable to 85.6% of all such events. Based on extensive simulation via the Origen-ARP and MCNP software, a response function for the portal monitor was developed, and an algorithm designed to predict the contribution of the precipitation to the background count rate was developed. This algorithm was able to attenuate the contribution of precipitation to the background count rate by an average of 45% with very minimal over-correction. Such an algorithm could be utilized to adjust the alarm levels of the RPM to better allow it to compensate for the rise and fall in background count rate due to precipitation. Additionally, the relative contribution of precipitation which landed at various distances from the portal monitor to the increase in background count rate was measured via simulation. This simulation demonstrated that 37.2% of all background counts were due to the radon daughters which landed within a 2.76 m radius from the center of the portal monitor. This radius encompasses the area between the two portals. Based on this, several designs for shielding were simulated, the most successful of which was a concrete structure that was able to attenuate 71.3% of the background radiation caused by a given precipitation event at a materials cost of approximately $6,000 per RPM. This method is recommended as the primary means of mitigating this issue.

Revis, Stephen

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Burger King: Better Choices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Burger King: Better Choices: BK Veggie Burger w/o mayo 310 Calories, 7g fat, 1g sat* fat BK Chicken Whopper w/o mayo 420 Calories, 9g fat, 3 g sat fat Chicken Caesar w/o dressing & croutons 160 Calories, 6g: Extra Crispy, 1 Breast 470 Calories, 28g fat, 8g sat fat Popcorn Chicken, 1 Large Order 620 Calories, 40

de la Torre, José R.

33

Cost-Effective Methods for Accurate Determination of Sea Level Rise Vulnerability: A Solomon Islands Example  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For millions of people living along the coastal fringe, sea level rise is perhaps the greatest threat to livelihoods over the coming century. With the refinement and downscaling of global climate models and increasing availability of airborne-...

Simon Albert; Kirsten Abernethy; Badin Gibbes; Alistair Grinham; Nixon Tooler; Shankar Aswani

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Cost-Effective Methods for Accurate Determination of Sea Level Rise Vulnerability: A Solomon Islands Example  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For millions of people living along the coastal fringe, sea level rise is perhaps the greatest threat to livelihoods over the coming century. With the refinement and downscaling of global climate models and increasing availability of airborne ...

Simon Albert; Kirsten Abernethy; Badin Gibbes; Alistair Grinham; Nixon Tooler; Shankar Aswani

35

COMMUNITY CHOICE AGGREGATION PILOT PROJECT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COMMUNITY CHOICE AGGREGATION PILOT PROJECT APPENDIX E: Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor Community in this report. #12;«CCA_Name» - DRAFT - COMMUNITY CHOICE AGGREGATION IMPLEMENTATION PLAN «Date Choice Aggregation Implementation Plan Template Prepared For: California Energy Commission Prepared By

36

Factors affecting the choice of memory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the fundamental choices in the design of a computer or data processing system is concerned with the medium for the storage of information. Once the system requirements impose the need for information storage that exceeds a certain level, typically ...

Claude F. King

1961-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Determination of Water Level and Tides Using Interferometric Observations of GPS Signals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A nonintrusive remote sensing method to measure water level is examined. It relies on the fact that water is a good reflector of radio frequency energy, thus, on a satellite-to-ground path when the satellite is near the horizon, a readily ...

Kenneth D. Anderson

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Renewable Choice Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Choice Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name Renewable Choice Energy Place Boulder, Colorado Zip 80301 Sector Carbon, Renewable Energy Product Renewable Choice Energy is a...

39

Solar Choice Solutions Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Choice Solutions Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Solar Choice Solutions Inc. Place Calabasas, California Zip 91302 Sector Solar Product Solar Choice Solutions Inc. is an...

40

The determination of technetium-99 in low-level radioactive waste  

SciTech Connect

A method has been developed for the separation and purification of {sup 99}Tc in nuclear power plant radioactive waste samples. The classical iron hydroxide and carbonate precipitations are followed by solid phase extraction. The pure {sup 99}Tc is quantified using liquid scintillation spectrometry. Technetium-99m is used as an internal radiotracer to determine the radiochemical recovery for the process. The quality of analytical results obtained was within the 15% precision and accuracy criteria established for this technique at the Yankee Atomic Environmental Laboratory (YAEL).

Banavali, A.D.; Raimondi, J.M.; Moreno, E.M.; McCurdy, D.E. [Yankee Automic Electric Company, Bolton, MA (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

New methods for determination of interstitial liquid levels in Hanford waste tanks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The key to the leak detection program for many tanks at Hanford is the method used to evaluate the apparent interstitial liquid interface (ILL) within the pore space of the solid waste medium (either crystalline or sludge). Three new approaches were introduced in the summer of 1993 (count rate, derivative, and sigmoid), all of which significantly improved the accuracy and repeatability of interstitial liquid level values from neutron survey data. This paper summarizes the three new methods and details a case study in which, as a direct result of this improved analysis, a tank that had been declared an ``assumed leaker`` was reclassified as ``sound`` for the first time in Hanford`s 50 year history.

Barnes, D.A.; Raymond, R.E. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States); Whitney, P.D. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

System and method for determining coolant level and flow velocity in a nuclear reactor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A boiling water reactor includes a reactor pressure vessel having a feedwater inlet for the introduction of recycled steam condensate and/or makeup coolant into the vessel, and a steam outlet for the discharge of produced steam for appropriate work. A fuel core is located within a lower area of the pressure vessel. The fuel core is surrounded by a core shroud spaced inward from the wall of the pressure vessel to provide an annular downcomer forming a coolant flow path between the vessel wall and the core shroud. A probe system that includes a combination of conductivity/resistivity probes and/or one or more time-domain reflectometer (TDR) probes is at least partially located within the downcomer. The probe system measures the coolant level and flow velocity within the downcomer.

Brisson, Bruce William; Morris, William Guy; Zheng, Danian; Monk, David James; Fang, Biao; Surman, Cheryl Margaret; Anderson, David Deloyd

2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

43

Natural Gas Residential Choice Programs  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Status of Natural Gas Residential Choice Programs by State as of December 2008 (Click on a State or its abbreviation for more information about that ...

44

Household savings and portfolio choice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis consists of three essays that examine household savings and portfolio choice behavior. Chapter One analyses the effects of employer matching contributions and tax incentives on participation and contribution ...

Klein, Sean Patrick

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Deploying Systems Interoperability and Customer Choice within...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Deploying Systems Interoperability and Customer Choice within Smart Grid Title Deploying Systems Interoperability and Customer Choice within Smart Grid Publication Type Conference...

46

Improving feedback from multiple choice tests  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Providing individual feedback to large groups of students can be difficult. By asking students to record their confidence in multiple choice test answers the quality of feedback can be improved. In a "multiple choice question" (MCQ) test the student ...

William Fone

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Manhattan Project: Difficult Choices, 1942  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

"Met Lab" alumni at the University of Chicago -- Fermi is on the far left of the front row; Zinn is on Fermi's left; Anderson is on the far right of the front row; and Szilard is over Anderson's right shoulder. DIFFICULT CHOICES "Met Lab" alumni at the University of Chicago -- Fermi is on the far left of the front row; Zinn is on Fermi's left; Anderson is on the far right of the front row; and Szilard is over Anderson's right shoulder. DIFFICULT CHOICES (1942) Events More Uranium Research, 1942 More Piles and Plutonium, 1942 Enter the Army, 1942 Groves and the MED, 1942 Picking Horses, November 1942 Final Approval to Build the Bomb, December 1942 By early 1942, as the United States suffered a series of military defeats in the Pacific, top officials in Washington tentatively had decided to proceed with the construction of an atomic bomb. Two paths seemed possible. A uranium bomb could be achieved if sufficient uranium-235 could be produced by one or more of the three isotope separation methods under consideration: gaseous diffusion, centrifuge, and electromagnetic. A plutonium bomb might provide a quicker route, but it required demonstration that plutonium could be produced in a uranium pile and then be separated in usable quantities. To this end, Arthur Compton consolidated most plutonium research at the new Metallurgical Laboratory (Met Lab) at the University of Chicago.

48

Origins and Levels of Monthly and Seasonal Forecast Skill for United States Surface Air Temperatures Determined by Canonical Correlation Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Statistical techniques have been used to study the ability of SLP, SST and a form of persistence to forecast cold/warm season air temperatures over the United States and to determine the space–time evolution of these fields that give rise to ...

T. P. Barnett; R. Preisendorfer

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Understanding the Effect of Baseline Modeling Implementation Choices on  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Understanding the Effect of Baseline Modeling Implementation Choices on Understanding the Effect of Baseline Modeling Implementation Choices on Analysis of Demand Response Performance Title Understanding the Effect of Baseline Modeling Implementation Choices on Analysis of Demand Response Performance Publication Type Conference Paper LBNL Report Number LBNL-5560E Year of Publication 2013 Authors Addy, Nathan, Johanna L. Mathieu, Sila Kiliccote, and Duncan S. Callaway Conference Name ASME 2013 International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition Conference Location Houston, TX Keywords market sectors, technologies Abstract Accurate evaluation of the performance of buildings participating in Demand Response (DR) programs is critical to the adoption and improvement of these programs. Typically, we calculate load sheds during DR events by comparing observed electric demand against counterfactual predictions made using statistical baseline models. Many baseline models exist and these models can produce different shed calculations. Moreover, modelers implementing the same baseline model can make different modeling implementation choices, which may affect shed estimates. In this work, using real data, we analyze the effect of different modeling implementation choices on shed predictions. We focused on five issues: weather data source, resolution of data, methods for determining when buildings are occupied, methods for aligning building data with temperature data, and methods for power outage filtering. Results indicate sensitivity to the weather data source and data filtration methods as well as an immediate potential for automation of methods to choose building occupied modes.

50

Underwriter choice and earnings management: evidence from ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 21, 2007 ... examines the association between the choice of financial ..... using the data obtained directly from the cash flow and income statements.

51

On the Transportation Problem with Market Choice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Apr 3, 2013 ... Abstract: We study a variant of the classical transportation problem in which suppliers with limited capacities have a choice of which demands ...

52

Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Car Buyers and Fuel Economy? ” Energy Policy, vol. 35, 2007.Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice? BY TOMyou think about fuel economy? ” Rather, we listened closely

Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth S; Heffner, Reid R.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Car Buyers and Fuel Economy? ” Energy Policy, vol. 35, 2007.Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice? BY TOMyou think about fuel economy? ” Rather, we listened closely

Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth; Heffner, Rusty

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Discrete Choice Analysis: Hydrogen FCV Demand Potential  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Choice Analysis: H 2 FCV Demand Potential Cory Welch H 2 Scenario Analysis Workshop Washington, D.C. , January 31, 2007 2 Overview * Motivation for work * Methodology * Relative...

55

UTILIZING STATISTICS TO DETERMINE HOW MUCH SAMPLING AND ANALYSISIS WARRANTED TO SUPPORT SAVANNAH RIVER SITEHIGH LEVEL WASTE SLUDGE BATCH PREPARATION  

SciTech Connect

Accelerated cleanup initiatives at the SRS include expediting radioactive sludge processing. Sludge is the highest risk component of waste since it contains the highest concentrations of long-lived radionuclides. The sludge is staged into ''batches'' that are then the feed material to the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) which vitrifies the waste into a safe form for permanent disposal. The preparation of each batch includes sampling and analysis of the slurried material. The results of the characterization are used as the bases for batch blending and processing decisions. Uncertainty is inherent in the information used for planning. There is uncertainty in the quantity of sludge contained in a tank, the waste composition, and the waste physical properties. The goal of this analysis is to develop the basis for the number of physical samples that should be taken from the slurried waste tank and the number of replicates of laboratory measurements that should be performed in order to achieve a specified uncertainty level. Recommendations for sampling and analysis strategies are made based on the results of the analysis.

Hamm, B

2007-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

56

Determination of Plutonium Isotope Ratios at Very Low Levels by ICP-MS using On-Line Electrochemically Modulated Separations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electrochemically modulated separations (EMS) are shown to be a rapid and selective means of extracting and concentrating Pu from complex solutions prior to isotopic analysis by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP?MS). This separation is performed in a flow injection mode, on?line with the ICP?MS. A three?electrode, flow?by electrochemical cell is used to accumulate Pu at an anodized glassy carbon electrode by redox conversion of Pu(III) to Pu (IV&VI). The entire process takes place in 2% v/v (0.46M) HNO3. No redox chemicals or acid concentration changes are required. Plutonium accumulation and release is redox dependent and controlled by the applied cell potential. Thus large transient volumetric concentration enhancements can be achieved. Based on more negative U(IV) potentials relative to Pu(IV), separation of Pu from uranium is efficient, thereby eliminating uranium hydride interferences. EMS?ICP?MS isotope ratio measurement performance will be presented for femtogram to attogram level plutonium concentrations.

Liezers, Martin; Lehn, Scott A.; Olsen, Khris B.; Farmer, Orville T.; Duckworth, Douglas C.

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

The Search for Genes Related to a Low-Level Response to Alcohol Determined by Alcohol Challenges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Background: A low level of response (LR) to alcohol seems to relate to a substantial proportion of the risk for alcoholism and to have significant heritability. Methods: This report describes the results of a genome-wide segregation analysis for the first 139 pairs of full siblings by using an alcohol challenge protocol as a direct measure of LR. Subjects from 18 to 29 years old were selected if the original screen indicated they had an alcohol-dependent parent, reported a personal history of drinking but had no evidence of alcohol dependence, and had a full sibling with similar characteristics. Body sway and Subjective High Assessment Scale scores were measured at baseline and at regular intervals after the administration of a measured dose of alcohol. Participants and available parents were genotyped for 811 microsatellite markers, and resulting data were analyzed with a variance component method. Results: Nine chromosome regions with logarithm of the odds ratio (LOD) between 2.2 and 3.2 were identified; several had previously been implicated regarding phenotypes relevant to alcoholism and the LR to alcohol. Several regions identified in the previous linkage study by using a retrospective self-report questionnaire were potentially confirmed by this study. The strongest evidence was on chromosomes 10, 11, and 22. Conclusions: Several chromosomal areas seem to relate to the low LR to alcohol as a risk factor for alcohol dependence.

Kirk C. Wilhelmsen; Marc Schuckit; Tom L. Smith; James V. Lee; Samantha K. Segall; Heidi S. Feiler; Jelger Kalmijn

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Comparison of airborne asbestos levels determined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) using direct- and indirect-transfer techniques. Final report  

SciTech Connect

A subset of air samples from a 1988 EPA study was reanalyzed for asbestos by TEM using an indirect transfer technique. The samples were originally analyzed using a direct transfer technique. The document presents the results of the reanalysis and extends the discussion to include data from six other studies. The development of the two techniques and their respective advantages and disadvantages are described. The data support the general opinion that TEM analysis of air samples using indirect transfer methods tends to provide estimates of total airborne asbestos structure concentration that are higher than those obtained using direct transfer methods. There is no single factor that can be used to convert measurements made by one method to a value that is comparable with measurements made by the other because the quantitative relationship is expected to depend on details of the sampling and analytical protocols and the nature of the asbestos in the air. The ratio of indirect measurements to direct measurements ranges from 3.8 to 1,700 for the studies considered. Additional research is needed to determine which transfer technique more accurately reflects biologically meaningful airborne asbestos concentrations. Breakdown of larger structures into smaller ones during indirect preparation does not appear to be sufficient to explain the difference in measured concentrations.

Chesson, J.; Hatfield, J.

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Potential Energy Choices and Their Determinants for the Residential Sector  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is part of the Understanding Energy Markets research initiative and is the third in a series of four reports championed by EPRIsolutions to deepen the understanding of the residential marketplace. It is designed to support energy suppliers in predicting and winning market share potential. In particular, it examines residential customers' past switching behavior, reasons for switching electricity providers, profiles of likely electric switchers, and interest in bundled energy offers. The exper...

2000-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

60

Energy Equipment Choices: Fuel Costs and Other Determinants  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

• Price data and projections for electricity and gas for each of the nine U.S. Census divisions from 1990 through 2010, taken from the Annual Energy Outlook

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Market Share Elasticities for Fuel and Technology Choice in Home Heating and Cooling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

level, the choice alternatives are cooling and no cooling.to zero in central cooling alternative Income ($1000) in airalternatives are conventional air conditioning and heat pump, given the cooling

Wood, D.J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Energy 101: Lighting Choices | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting Choices Lighting Choices Energy 101: Lighting Choices Addthis Below is the text version for the Energy 101: Lighting Choices video: The video opens with "Energy 101: Lighting Choices." This is followed by shots of a variety of lamps being turned on. We're all used to lighting up dark spaces with the flip of a switch. In fact, people have been doing so since Thomas Edison invented the incandescent light bulb about 130 years ago...and we've used that same old bulb ever since. The video shows a store aisle with a diverse light bulb selection, then moves to close-ups of the packaging labels on various bulbs. Today you'll see more light bulb options in stores. These bulbs will give you the light you want while saving you energy...and money. A hand screws in a light bulb and flips the switch. The bulb is shown in

63

Renewble Choice Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewble Choice Energy Renewble Choice Energy Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Renewble Choice Energy Name Renewble Choice Energy Address 2500 55th Street, Suite 210 Place Boulder, Colorado Zip 80301 Sector Carbon Product Provides RECs, VERs and green power to LEED certified projects Website http://www.renewablechoice.com Coordinates 40.0251°, -105.223585° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.0251,"lon":-105.223585,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

64

First Choice Power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

First Choice Power Place Texas Utility Id 6325 Utility Location Yes Ownership R NERC Location TRE NERC ERCOT Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final...

65

Lighting Choices to Save You Money Banner | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Field Sites Power Marketing Administration Other Agencies You are here Home Lighting Choices to Save You Money Banner Lighting Choices to Save You Money Banner All of...

66

Solar Decathlon: Appalachian State Wins People's Choice Award...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Decathlon: Appalachian State Wins People's Choice Award Solar Decathlon: Appalachian State Wins People's Choice Award October 3, 2011 - 10:38am Addthis On Friday, Sept. 30,...

67

Alternative fuels and vehicles choice model  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes the theory and implementation of a model of alternative fuel and vehicle choice (AFVC), designed for use with the US Department of Energy`s Alternative Fuels Trade Model (AFTM). The AFTM is a static equilibrium model of the world supply and demand for liquid fuels, encompassing resource production, conversion processes, transportation, and consumption. The AFTM also includes fuel-switching behavior by incorporating multinomial logit-type equations for choice of alternative fuel vehicles and alternative fuels. This allows the model to solve for market shares of vehicles and fuels, as well as for fuel prices and quantities. The AFVC model includes fuel-flexible, bi-fuel, and dedicated fuel vehicles. For multi-fuel vehicles, the choice of fuel is subsumed within the vehicle choice framework, resulting in a nested multinomial logit design. The nesting is shown to be required by the different price elasticities of fuel and vehicle choice. A unique feature of the AFVC is that its parameters are derived directly from the characteristics of alternative fuels and vehicle technologies, together with a few key assumptions about consumer behavior. This not only establishes a direct link between assumptions and model predictions, but facilitates sensitivity testing, as well. The implementation of the AFVC model as a spreadsheet is also described.

Greene, D.L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Center for Transportation Analysis

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Choice Electric Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Choice Electric Co Choice Electric Co Jump to: navigation, search Name Choice Electric Co Place Murwillumbah, New South Wales, Australia Zip 2484 Sector Solar Product Agency for Sharp solar (the largest solar panel producer in the world), Fronius, and Unitrac. Coordinates -28.32995°, 153.391693° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-28.32995,"lon":153.391693,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

69

Green Power Network: Community Choice Aggregation (CCA)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Community Choice Aggregation (CCA) Community Choice Aggregation (CCA) Community choice aggregation (CCA) is a state policy that enables local governments to aggregate electricity demand within their jurisdictions in order to procure alternative energy supplies while maintaining the existing electricity provider for transmission and distribution services. Many states passed CCA laws as part of electric restructuring legislation in the late 1990s and early 2000s. States that have passed CCA laws include California (2002), Illinois (2009), Massachusetts (1997), New Jersey (2003), Ohio (1999), and Rhode Island (1997). There are many reasons that a community may choose to develop a CCA, including the option to purchase more green power, reduce electricity cost, and provide power from more local sources.

70

RESEARCH Open Access Choice in maternity care: associations with unit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RESEARCH Open Access Choice in maternity care: associations with unit supply, geographic European countries, current trends in maternity unit closures create a context in which user choice may women's choice of maternity unit. We study here how pregnant women's choices interact with the distance

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

71

Near-synonymy and lexical choice  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We develop a new computational model for representing the fine-grained meanings of near-synonyms and the differences between them. We also develop a lexical-choice process that can decide which of several near-synonyms is most appropriate in a particular ...

Philip Edmonds; Graeme Hirst

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Automated on-line determination of PPB levels of sodium and potassium in low-Btu coal gas and fluidized bed combustor exhaust by atomic emission spectrometry  

SciTech Connect

The Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC), US Department of Energy, is involved in the development of processes and equipment for production of low-Btu gas from coal and for fluidized bed combustion of coal. The ultimate objective is large scale production of electricity using high temperature gas turbines. Such turbines, however, are susceptible to accelerated corrosion and self-destruction when relatively low concentrations of sodium and potassium are present in the driving gas streams. Knowledge and control of the concentrations of those elements, at part per billion levels, are critical to the success of both the gas cleanup procedures that are being investigated and the overall energy conversion processes. This presentation describes instrumentation and procedures developed at the Ames Laboratory for application to the problems outlined above and results that have been obtained so far at METC. The first Ames instruments, which feature an automated, dual channel flame atomic emission spectrometer, perform the sodium and potassium determinations simultaneously, repetitively, and automatically every two to three minutes by atomizing and exciting a fraction of the subject gas sample stream in either an oxyhydrogen flame or a nitrous oxide-acetylene flame. The analytical results are printed and can be transmitted simultaneously to a process control center.

Haas, W.J. Jr.; Eckels, D.E.; Kniseley, R.N.; Fassel, V.A.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Choice Environmental Services Chooses  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Choice Environmental Choice Environmental Services Chooses Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Choice Environmental Services Chooses Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Choice Environmental Services Chooses Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Choice Environmental Services Chooses Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Choice Environmental Services Chooses Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Choice Environmental Services Chooses Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Choice Environmental Services Chooses Natural Gas on AddThis.com... Oct. 11, 2011 Choice Environmental Services Chooses Natural Gas " In our bidding for residential collection contracts, we realized that the

74

Energy Choice Simulator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Choice Simulator Energy Choice Simulator Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy Choice Simulator Agency/Company /Organization: Great Plains Institute Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, People and Policy Phase: Create a Vision, Develop Goals, Prepare a Plan, Get Feedback, Evaluate Effectiveness and Revise as Needed Topics: Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Co-benefits assessment, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: www.energychoicesimulator.com/ Country: United States Locality: Midwestern United States Cost: Free Northern America Coordinates: 37.09024°, -95.712891° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.09024,"lon":-95.712891,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

75

High-Level Waste Melter Study Report  

SciTech Connect

At the Hanford Site in Richland, Washington, the path to site cleanup involves vitrification of the majority of the wastes that currently reside in large underground tanks. A Joule-heated glass melter is the equipment of choice for vitrifying the high-level fraction of these wastes. Even though this technology has general national and international acceptance, opportunities may exist to improve or change the technology to reduce the enormous cost of accomplishing the mission of site cleanup. Consequently, the U.S. Department of Energy requested the staff of the Tanks Focus Area to review immobilization technologies, waste forms, and modifications to requirements for solidification of the high-level waste fraction at Hanford to determine what aspects could affect cost reductions with reasonable long-term risk. The results of this study are summarized in this report.

Perez, Joseph M.; Bickford, Dennis F.; Day, Delbert E.; Kim, Dong-Sang; Lambert, Steven L.; Marra, Sharon L.; Peeler, David K.; Strachan, Denis M.; Triplett, Mark B.; Vienna, John D.; Wittman, Richard S.

2001-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

76

Choices of canisters and elements for the first fuel shipment from K West Basin  

SciTech Connect

Twenty-two canisters (10 prime and 12 backup candidates) in the K West Basin have been identified as containing fuel which, when examined, will satisfy the Data Quality Objectives for the first fuel shipment from this basin. These were chosen as meeting criteria such as containing relatively long fuel elements, locking bar integrity, and the availability of gas/liquid interface level measurements for associated canister gas traps. Two canisters were identified as having reported broken fuel on initial loading. Usage and interpretation of canister cesium concentration measurements have also been established and levels of maximum and minimum acceptable cesium concentration (from a data optimization point of view) for decapping have been determined although other operational cesium limits may also apply. Criteria for picking particular elements, once a canister is opened, are reviewed in this document. A pristine, a slightly damaged, and a badly damaged element are desired. The latter includes elements with end caps removed but does not include elements which have large amounts of swelling or split cladding that might interfere with handling tools. Finally, operational scenarios have been suggested to aid in the selections of canisters and elements in a way that utilizes anticipated canister gas sampling and leads to a correct and quick choice of elements which will supply the desired data.

Makenas, B.J.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Lighting Choices to Save You Money Banner | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

lightingcenterpiece.jpg Description Low-resolution version of the Lighting Choices to Save You Money banner....

78

Frequently Asked Questions: Lighting Choices to Save You Money | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Frequently Asked Questions: Lighting Choices to Save You Money Frequently Asked Questions: Lighting Choices to Save You Money Frequently Asked Questions: Lighting Choices to Save You Money August 9, 2012 - 9:20am Addthis Frequently Asked Questions: Lighting Choices to Save You Money Below are some of the most frequently asked questions and answers about the new lighting efficiency standards. Learn more about your lighting choices and find out how to shop for lights by lumens, not watts. Download our Lighting Myths and Facts fact sheet to learn more about your lighting choices and the new lighting standards. Why are my lighting choices changing? What is the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA 2007)? When will the new bulbs be phased in? What will the lighting standards mandated by EISA 2007 mean to consumers?

79

Frequently Asked Questions: Lighting Choices to Save You Money | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Frequently Asked Questions: Lighting Choices to Save You Money Frequently Asked Questions: Lighting Choices to Save You Money Frequently Asked Questions: Lighting Choices to Save You Money August 9, 2012 - 9:20am Addthis Frequently Asked Questions: Lighting Choices to Save You Money Below are some of the most frequently asked questions and answers about the new lighting efficiency standards. Learn more about your lighting choices and find out how to shop for lights by lumens, not watts. Download our Lighting Myths and Facts fact sheet to learn more about your lighting choices and the new lighting standards. Why are my lighting choices changing? What is the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA 2007)? When will the new bulbs be phased in? What will the lighting standards mandated by EISA 2007 mean to consumers?

80

Brownstone and Fang 1 A VEHICLE OWNERSHIP AND UTILIZATION CHOICE MODEL WITH ENDOGENOUS RESIDENTIAL DENSITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper explores the impact of residential density on households ’ vehicle type and usage choices using the 2001 National Household Travel Survey (NHTS). Attempts to quantify the effect of urban form on households ’ vehicle choice and utilization often encounter the problem of sample selectivity. Household characteristics that are unobservable to the researchers might determine simultaneously where to live, what vehicles to choose, and how much to drive them. Unless this simultaneity is modeled, any relationship between residential density and vehicle choice may be biased. This paper extends the Bayesian multivariate ordered probit and tobit model developed in Fang (2008) to treat local residential density as endogenous. The model includes equations for vehicle ownership and usage in terms of number of cars, number of trucks (vans, sports utility vehicles, and pickup trucks), miles traveled by cars, and miles traveled by trucks. We carry out policy simulations which show that an increase in residential density has a negligible effect on car choice and utilization, but slightly reduces truck choice and utilization. We also perform an out-of-sample forecast using a holdout sample to test the robustness of the model. * Corresponding author.

David Brownstone; Hao (audrey Fang

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Milk is a common ingredient in many fried foods. Allergen cross contact can occur through the use of shared frying oil. Analytical methods are needed to determine the level of protein contamination in re-used oil. This study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the use of shared frying oil. Analytical methods are needed to determine the level of protein contamination in re-used oil. This study evaluated the performance of four ELISA test kits in comparison with a total protein assay for detection of milk protein residues in spiked oils that have been subjected

Heller, Barbara

82

Vote for People's Choice Award! | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vote for People's Choice Award! Vote for People's Choice Award! Vote for People's Choice Award! June 6, 2013 - 5:49pm Addthis Vote for your favorite team to win the National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition's "People's Choice Award." Vote for your favorite team to win the National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition's "People's Choice Award." Jennifer Garson Tech to Market Analyst, Commercialization Program (EERE) Editor's note: This article was originally posted on the official blog for the National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition. As the final days count down to the 2013 DOE National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition, public voting for the "People's Choice" award has been launched on DOE's site! You can vote here. Voting closes on June 12 at 4

83

Natural Gas Residential Choice Programs - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Status of Natural Gas Residential Choice Programs by State as of December 2006 (Click on a State or its abbreviation for more information about that State.

84

6. State Regulators Promote Consumer Choice in Retail Gas Markets  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration Natural Gas 1996: Issues and Trends 113 6. State Regulators Promote Consumer Choice in Retail Gas Markets Restructur ...

85

Popular Choice Winners Announced for "Apps for Energy" Competition...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

web applications that will help utility consumers save money by making the most of their "Green Button" electricity usage data. Popular Choice awards reflect the results of public...

86

Participation lags in most electricity retail choice States ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Fifteen States and the District of Columbia have active retail choice programs for residential electricity ... State regulators set the rates for customers not ...

87

Electricity retail choice is mandated in Texas and growing in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail choice programs let electric power and natural gas customers ... These rates only slowly adjust to ... 15 States and the District of Columbia have active ...

88

State electric retail choice programs are popular with commercial ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

State electric retail choice programs are popular ... majority of industrial customers have signed up in 12 states. The highest participation rates are found in ...

89

Battery Choices for Different Plug-in HEV Configurations (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Presents battery choices for different plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) configurations to reduce cost and to improve performance and life.

Pesaran, A.

2006-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

90

Beyond the ABC (Attitude, Behavior, Choice) of Climate Change...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Us Department Contacts Media Contacts Beyond the ABC (Attitude, Behavior, Choice) of Climate Change Policy: Conceptualising and Promoting Transitions in Social Practice...

91

Improved Plasma Spray Solution Precursors By Careful Choice of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Improved Plasma Spray Solution Precursors By Careful Choice of Precursor Chemistry/Properties and by Use of Suspensions. Author(s), Eric ...

92

Best Practices in Material Choice for Design and Construction of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Best Practices in Material Choice for Design and Construction of ... Optimum Condition of Vanadium Recovery from Power Plant Fly-ash with ...

93

Essays on ethanol-driven corn demand and crop choice.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Two essays are focused on crop choice and the growth of corn production in the Corn Belt and surrounding areas. The first essay develops a… (more)

[No author

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Choices and Requirements of Batteries for EVs, HEVs, PHEVs (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This presentation describes the choices available and requirements for batteries for electric vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles.

Pesaran, A. A.

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Natural Gas Residential Choice Programs - U.S. Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Status of Natural Gas Residential Choice Programs by State as of December 2005 (Click on a state or its abbreviation for more information about that state.

96

Natural Gas Residential Choice Programs - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Status of Natural Gas Residential Choice Programs by State as of December 2009 (Click on a State or its abbreviation for more information about that State.

97

Natural Gas Residential Choice Programs - U.S. Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Status of Natural Gas Residential Choice Programs by State as of December 2007 (Click on a State or its abbreviation for more information about that ...

98

Determination of bandgap states in p-type In[subscript 0.49]Ga[subscript 0.51]P grown on SiGe/Si and GaAs by deep level optical spectroscopy and deep level transient spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The presence and properties of traps in p-type In[subscript 0.49]Ga[subscript 0.51]P grown on low dislocation density, metamorphic Ge/SiGe/Si substrates and GaAs substrates were determined using deep level transient ...

Gonza?lez, M.

99

An Empirical Study of Alternative Fuel Vehicle Choice by Commercial Fleets: Lessons in Transportation Choices, and Public Agencies' Organization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Error gov. Error model model CNG constant Methanol constantcompressed natural gas (CNG) vehicles with over 300 milestime or refueling cost of CNG vehicles? My fuel choice

Crane, Soheila Soltani

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

An Empirical Study of Alternative Fuel Vehicle Choice by Commercial Fleets: Lessons in Transportation Choices, and Public Agencies' Organization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the agriculture industry to electric vehicles. Organizationsindustry, however, strongly prefers gasoline vehicle to the electricelectric vehicles. Methanol appears to be the alternative fuel of choice by agriculture industry.

Crane, Soheila Soltani

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Optimal Decision Stimuli for Risky Choice Experiments: An Adaptive Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Collecting data to discriminate between models of risky choice requires careful selection of decision stimuli. Models of decision making aim to predict decisions across a wide range of possible stimuli, but practical limitations force experimenters to ... Keywords: active learning, choice under risk, experimental design, model discrimination

Daniel R. Cavagnaro; Richard Gonzalez; Jay I. Myung; Mark A. Pitt

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

An analysis of judgemental bias in housing choice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211 vi CONTENTS 8.2 Arbitrary Coherence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 221 8.3 Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 232 IV 235 9 Conclusions and Future Research 236 9.1 Summary of Results... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 2.2 Decision weighting function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 3.1 Asymmetric dominance in consumer choices . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 3.2 Compromise effect in consumer choices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 3.3 Extremeness aversion...

Scott, Peter J.

2011-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

103

Social Choice in a Computer-Assisted Simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pursuing a line of inquiry suggested by Crookall, Martin, Saunders, and Coote, the author applied, within the framework of design science, an optimal-design approach to incorporate into a computer-assisted simulation two innovative social choice processes: ... Keywords: GEO, affinity propagation, assessment of learning, business, bustling market, clustering algorithm, computer-assisted, continuous voting, periodic double auction, proposal voting, social choice

Precha Thavikulwat

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Information for Media on Lighting Choices | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Media on Lighting Choices Media on Lighting Choices Information for Media on Lighting Choices July 30, 2012 - 8:25am Addthis Information for Media on Lighting Choices These videos, presentation, and images are available for use by media organizations. The materials are copyright-free, and you are welcome to cite the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy as the source. Public Service Announcements These PSAs educate consumers about saving money on their electric bill with new lighting choices and looking for "lumens," a new way to shop for light bulbs. Two :30 and two :60 audio PSAs are available for your download below. Download Windows Media Player or iTunes. PSA Format Length File Size A New Generation .MP3 0:30 483 KB A New Generation .MP3 1:00

105

Choices for A Brighter Future: Perspectives on Renewable Energy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The report discusses the perspectives on the evolving U.S. electricity future, the renewable electric technology portfolio, the regional outlook, and the opportunities to move forward. Renewables are at a critical juncture as the domestic electricity marketplace moves toward an era of increased choice and greater diversity. The cost and performance of these technologies have improved dramatically over the past decade, yet their market penetration has stalled as the power industry grapples with the implications of the emerging competitive marketplace. Renewable energy technologies already contribute to the global energy mix and are ready to make an even greater contribution in the future. However, the renewables industry faces critical market uncertainties, both domestically and internationally, as policy commitments to renewables at both the federal and state levels are being reshaped to match the emerging competitive marketplace. The energy decisions that we make, or fail to make, today will have long-lasting implications. We can act now to ensure that renewable energy will play a major role in meeting the challenges of the evolving energy future. We have the power to choose.

NREL

1999-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

106

Household appliance choice: revision of REEPS behavioral models. Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the analysis of household decisions to install space heating, central cooling, and water heating in new housing as well as decisions to own freezers and second refrigerators. This analysis was conducted as part of the enhancements to the Residential End-Use Energy Planning System (REEPS) under EPRI project RP1918-1. The empirical models used in this analysis were the multinomial logit and its generalization the nested logit. The choice model parameters were estimated statistically on national and regional survey data. The results show that capital and operating costs are significant determinants of appliance market penetrations, and the relative magnitudes of the cost coefficients imply discount rates ranging from 3.4 to twenty-one percent. Several tests were conducted to examine the temporal and geographical stability of the key parameters. The estimated parameters have been incorporated into the REEPS computer code. The revised version of REEPS is now available on a limited release basis to EPRI member utilities for testing on their system.

Goett, A.A.

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

EIA-DOE Vehicle Choice and Markets Technical Workshop  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

DOE Vehicle Choice and Markets Technical Workshop 1 DOE Vehicle Choice and Markets Technical Workshop 1 January 2013 EIA-DOE Vehicle Choice and Markets Technical Workshop Meeting Summary The Department of Energy (DOE) and Energy Information Administration (EIA) held a workshop on January 25th, 2013 in Detroit, MI with marketing and automotive industry experts to discuss and better understand consumer acceptance of hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and battery electric vehicles. The workshop focused on recent survey analyses, market representation, state of the art modeling, and comparisons of projected model results. This event provided a rare and insightful opportunity to compare and contrast our understanding and representation of vehicle markets and vehicle choice modeling with our nation's automotive leaders to assure that EIA's future projections and policy

108

Power Choice/Pepco Energy Serv | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Choice/Pepco Energy Serv Choice/Pepco Energy Serv Jump to: navigation, search Name Power Choice/Pepco Energy Serv Place New Jersey Utility Id 14405 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File2_2010[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates No Rates Available References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File2_2010" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Power_Choice/Pepco_Energy_Serv&oldid=412767" Categories: EIA Utility Companies and Aliases Utility Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version

109

Jackson EMC - Right Choice for Builders Rebate Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Jackson EMC - Right Choice for Builders Rebate Program Jackson EMC - Right Choice for Builders Rebate Program Jackson EMC - Right Choice for Builders Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Installer/Contractor Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Program Info State Georgia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Not specified Provider Jackson Electric Membership Corporation Jackson Electric Membership Corporation (EMC) is an electric cooperative that serves 194,000 in 10 northeast Georgia counties. To encourage the construction of homes that are energy efficient, Jackson EMC offers the Right Choice Savings Program. Builders who meet the certification standards of the program and build homes that meet certain energy efficiency

110

Indian Climate Policy: Choices and Challenges | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Policy: Choices and Challenges Climate Policy: Choices and Challenges Jump to: navigation, search Name Climate Change and India's Energy Policy Agency/Company /Organization Stimson Sector Energy, Climate Topics Policies/deployment programs, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, - Energy Security, Background analysis Website http://www.stimson.org/rv/pdf/ Country India UN Region South-Eastern Asia References Climate Change and India's Energy Policy[1] "Indian Climate Policy: Choices and Challenges illustrates the complex constraints on Indian policymakers and provides material for more fruitful, better-informed discussions in Washington, Delhi, and all points between" References ↑ "Climate Change and India's Energy Policy" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Indian_Climate_Policy:_Choices_and_Challenges&oldid=374308"

111

Apps for Energy Popular Choice Winners | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Popular Choice Winners Popular Choice Winners Home > Groups > Green Button Applications NickL's picture Submitted by NickL(46) Member 7 June, 2012 - 09:22 Congratulations to all of the winners of the "Apps for Energy" Challenge. Public voting has closed and the full list of winners is now available at http://energy.gov/articles/popular-choice-winners-announced-apps-energy-competition. Winners of the challenge can be found on OpenEI's featured apps list, and all apps from the challenge are available when filtering the list by "Challenge Generated". Groups: Green Button Applications Login to post comments Latest discussions NickL Apps for Energy Popular Choice Winners Posted: 7 Jun 2012 - 09:22 by NickL NickL Apps for Energy Challenge Posted: 23 May 2012 - 13:54 by NickL

112

COMBINING STATED AND REVEALED CHOICE RESEARCH TO INFORM ENERGY SYSTEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from a vehicle attribute database. RP dynamics were assessed by comparing models estimated from regions....................................................................................................33 2.2.2 Vehicle Database technologies, including choices among appliances (Nanduri, Tiedemann, & Bilodeau, 2002), energy suppliers

113

Three Essays on R&D Choice with Compatibilty Externality.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation consists of the three essays on R&D project choice in the presence of compatibility externality.In the first essay we consider a R&D contest… (more)

Lee, Jaehee

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Natural Gas Utility Restructuring and Customer Choice Act (Montana)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

These regulations apply to natural gas utilities that have restructured in order to acquire rate-based facilities. The regulations address customer choice offerings by natural gas utilities, which...

115

Information Technology Standards Choices and Industry Structure Outcomes: The Case of the U.S. Home Mortgage Industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vertical IS standards prescribe data structures and definitions, document formats, and business processes for particular industries, in contrast to generic information technology (IT) standards, which concern IT characteristics applicable to many industries. ... Keywords: Adoption, Effects Of Standards, Implementation, Industry Structure, Industry-Level Effects, Is Standards, It Choices, Vertical Standards

Rolf T. Wigand; Charles W. Steinfield

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

17.884J / 14.296J Collective Choice I, Fall 2005  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Examines political institutions from a rational choice perspective. The now burgeoning rational choice literature on legislatures, bureaucracies, courts, and elections constitutes the chief focus. Some focus on institutions ...

Snyder, James M.

117

What type of vehicle do people drive? The role of attitude and lifestyle in influencing vehicle type choice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on revealed and stated vehicle type choice and utilizationA disaggregate model of auto-type choice. Transportationforecasting automobile type-choice. Transportation Research

Choo, Sangho; Mokhtarian, Patricia L.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

What type of vehicle do people drive? The role of attitude and lifestyle in influencing vehicle type choice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Relationship of Vehicle Type Choice to Personality,on revealed and stated vehicle type choice and utilizationA disaggregate model of auto-type choice. Transportation

Choo, S; Mokhtarian, Patricia L

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

A REVIEW OF ASSUMPTIONS AND ANALYSIS IN EPRI EA-3409, "HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCE CHOICE: REVISION OF REEPS BEHAVIORAL MODELS"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EPRI EA-3409, "Household Appliance Choice: Revision of REEPSEA",3409: "HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCE CHOICE: REVISION OF REEPSreport EA-3409, "Household Appliance Choice: Revi- sion of

Wood, D.J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Essays in asset pricing and portfolio choice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the ?rst essay, I decompose in?ation risk into (i) a part that is correlated with real returns on the market portfolio and factors that determine investor’s preferences and investment opportunities and (ii) a residual part. I show that only the ?rst part earns a risk premium. All nominal Treasury bonds, including the nominal money-market account, are equally exposed to the residual part except in?ation-protected Treasury bonds, which provide a means to hedge it. Every investor should put 100% of his wealth in the market portfolio and in?ation-protected Treasury bonds and hold a zero-investment portfolio of nominal Treasury bonds and the nominal money market account. In the second essay, I solve the dynamic asset allocation problem of ?nite lived, constant relative risk averse investors who face in?ation risk and can invest in cash, nominal bonds, equity, and in?ation-protected bonds when the investment opportunityset is determined by the expected in?ation rate. I estimate the model with nominal bond, in?ation, and stock market data and show that if expected in?ation increases, then investors should substitute in?ation-protected bonds for stocks and they should borrow cash to buy long-term nominal bonds. In the lastessay, I discuss how heterogeneity in preferences among investors withexternal non-addictive habit forming preferences a?ects the equilibrium nominal term structure of interest rates in a pure continuous time exchange economy and complete securities markets. Aggregate real consumption growth and in?ation are exogenously speci?ed and contain stochastic components thata?ect their means andvolatilities. There are two classes of investors who have external habit forming preferences and di?erent localcurvatures oftheir utility functions. The e?ects of time varying risk aversion and di?erent in?ation regimes on the nominal short rate and the nominal market price of risk are explored, and simple formulas for nominal bonds, real bonds, and in?ation risk premia that can be numerically evaluated using Monte Carlo simulation techniques are provided.

Illeditsch, Philipp Karl

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

A Plug-in Hybrid Consumer Choice Model with Detailed Market Segmentation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper describes a consumer choice model for projecting U.S. demand for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) in competition among 13 light-duty vehicle technologies over the period 2005-2050. New car buyers are disaggregated by region, residential area, attitude toward technology risk, vehicle usage intensity, home parking and work recharging. The nested multinomial logit (NMNL) model of vehicle choice incorporates daily vehicle usage distributions, refueling and recharging availability, technology learning by doing, and diversity of choice among makes and models. Illustrative results are presented for a Base Case, calibrated to the Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) 2009 Reference Updated Case, and an optimistic technology scenario reflecting achievement of U.S. Department of Energy s (DOE s) FreedomCAR goals. PHEV market success is highly dependent on the degree of technological progress assumed. PHEV sales reach one million in 2037 in the Base Case but in 2020 in the FreedomCARGoals Case. In the FreedomCARGoals Case, PHEV cumulative sales reach 1.5 million by 2015. Together with efficiency improvements in other technologies, petroleum use in 2050 is reduced by about 45% from the 2005 level. After technological progress, PHEV s market success appears to be most sensitive to recharging availability, consumers attitudes toward novel echnologies, and vehicle usage intensity. Successful market penetration of PHEVs helps bring down battery costs for electric vehicles (EVs), resulting in a significant EV market share after 2040.

Lin, Zhenhong [ORNL; Greene, David L [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

A Stark Choice on Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Stark Choice on Solar A Stark Choice on Solar A Stark Choice on Solar November 17, 2011 - 10:19am Addthis An overview of government-backed financing offered by China and the United States to solar manufacturing companies (Full Size). | Energy Department Image An overview of government-backed financing offered by China and the United States to solar manufacturing companies (Full Size). | Energy Department Image Dan Leistikow Dan Leistikow Former Director, Office of Public Affairs As Secretary Chu pointed out in his testimony this morning, we as a nation are in the midst of fierce global race to capture the solar market. Bloomberg estimates that in the past year and a half alone, the China

123

Solar Decathlon: Appalachian State Wins People's Choice Award |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Decathlon: Appalachian State Wins People's Choice Award Decathlon: Appalachian State Wins People's Choice Award Solar Decathlon: Appalachian State Wins People's Choice Award October 3, 2011 - 10:38am Addthis On Friday, Sept. 30, 2011, U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu spoke with Jeffrey Tiller, left, and David Lee, right, members of Appalachian State’s Solar Decathlon team. | Credit: Stefano Paltera/U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon On Friday, Sept. 30, 2011, U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu spoke with Jeffrey Tiller, left, and David Lee, right, members of Appalachian State's Solar Decathlon team. | Credit: Stefano Paltera/U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon Carol Anna Communications Manager for the 2011 Solar Decathlon EDITOR'S NOTE: Originally posted on the Solar Decathlon News Blog on

124

Beryllium Screening - Informed Choice Document | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Beryllium Screening - Informed Choice Document Beryllium Screening - Informed Choice Document Beryllium Screening - Informed Choice Document January 2007 Cases of chronic beryllium disease (CBD), a legacy of the Department of Energy's (DOE) role in weapons production, have been increasing across the DOE complex. This trend has sparked increased concern about this serious occupational illness. In a national effort to identify current and former workers who have CBD or are sensitized to beryllium and to better understand the illness, DOE has set up a number of medical surveillance and research programs for both current and former workers. The way that workers enroll in the programs and the information that they are given prior to participating in the beryllium lymphocyte proliferation testing (Be-LPT) vary depending on where and when the worker was employed in a DOE

125

Natural Gas Choice and Competition Act in 1999 (Pennsylvania) | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Choice and Competition Act in 1999 (Pennsylvania) Choice and Competition Act in 1999 (Pennsylvania) Natural Gas Choice and Competition Act in 1999 (Pennsylvania) < Back Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Utility Program Info State Pennsylvania Program Type Safety and Operational Guidelines Provider Public Utilities Commission This act aims to regulate the distribution system for natural gas by utility companies in terms of contracts, costs, tariff structures and competition. These regulations include minimum standards for the construction, testing, corrosion protection, operation, release prevention, and repair and reuse of storage tanks, periodic inspection of the leak detection systems, release prevention measures and an annual registration fee to be paid by owners of storage tanks.

126

Modelling Recreation Demand using Choice Experiments: Climbing in Scotland  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper is concerned with the use of the choice experiment method for modelling the demand for recreation, using the example of rock-climbing in Scotland. We begin by outlining the method itself, including its theoretical and econometric underpinnings. Data collection procedures are then outlined. We present results from both nested and non-nested models, and report some tests for the implications of choice complexity and rationality. Finally, we compare our results with a revealed preference data model based on the same sample of climbers.

Nick Hanley; Robert E. Wright; Gary Koop

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Citizens and Service Channels: Channel Choice and Channel Management Implications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The arrival of electronic channels in the 1990s has had a huge impact on governmental service delivery. The new channels have led to many new opportunities to improve public service delivery, not only in terms of citizen satisfaction, but also in cost ... Keywords: Channel Behavior, Channel Choice, Channel Usage, Multi-Channel Management, Public Service Delivery, Service Channels, e-Government

Willem Pieterson

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

CSEM WP 112 Consumer Choice and Industrial Policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

residential natural gas market and examine responses to a specially commissioned survey of nearly seven the UK domestic natural gas market1 As such, it provides a useful example of the developmentCSEM WP 112 Consumer Choice and Industrial Policy: A Study of UK Energy Markets Monica Giulietti

California at Berkeley. University of

129

Natural Gas as a Boiler Fuel of Choice in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Natural gas is abundant, clean burning, and cost competitive with other fuels. In addition to superior economic fundamentals, the expanded use of natural gas will be enhanced by political and industry leaders. Natural gas therefore will continue to be the boiler fuel choice for Texas electric generating companies.

Kmetz, W. J.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

CX-008753: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-008753: Categorical Exclusion Determination Nuclear Instrumentation Upgrade for University of Missouri Research Reactor Power Level Monitoring -...

131

TAFV Alternative Fuels and Vehicles Choice Model Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

34 34 ORNL/TM-2001/134 TAFV Alternative Fuels and TAFV Alternative Fuels and Vehicles Choice Model Vehicles Choice Model Documentation Documentation July 2001 David L. Greene David L. Greene Corporate Fellow Corporate Fellow DOCUMENT AVAILABILITY Reports produced after January 1, 1996, are generally available free via the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Information Bridge: Web site: http://www.osti.gov/bridge Reports produced before January 1, 1996, may be purchased by members of the public from the following source: National Technical Information Service 5285 Port Royal Road Springfield, VA 22161 Telephone: 703-605-6000 (1-800-553-6847) TDD: 703-487-4639 Fax: 703-605-6900 E-mail: info@ntis.fedworld.gov Web site: http://www.ntis.gov/support/ordernowabout.htm Reports are available to DOE employees, DOE contractors, Energy Technology Data Exchange

132

The Choice of Environmental Policy Instruments: Energy Efficiency and Redistribution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

• from the SSRN website: www.SSRN.com • from the RePEc website: www.RePEc.org • from the CESifo website: Twww.CESifo-group.org/wpT CESifo Working Paper No. 2986 The Choice of Environmental Policy Instruments: Energy Efficiency and Redistribution We analyse optimal environmental policies in a market that is vertically differentiated in terms of the energy efficiency of products. Considering energy taxes, subsidies to firms for investment in more eco-friendly products, and product standards, we are particularly interested in how distributional goals in addition to environmental goals shape the choice of policy instruments. Surprisingly, we find that an industry-friendly government levies an energy tax to supplement a lax product standard, but shies away from subsidies to firms. By contrast, a consumer-friendly government relies heavily on a strict product standard and in addition implements a moderate subsidy to firms, but avoids energy taxes.

Alexander Haupt; Magdalena Stadejek; Alexander Haupt; Magdalena Stadejek

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Public Policies, Private Choices: Consumer Desire and the Practice of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Public Policies, Private Choices: Consumer Desire and the Practice of Public Policies, Private Choices: Consumer Desire and the Practice of Energy Efficiency Speaker(s): Reuben Deumling Date: May 27, 2008 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Galen Barbose This talk explores refrigerator energy efficiency as a technical concept, a political framework, and a marketing strategy. Refrigerator energy consumption has been the subject of regulatory attention in the US for some thirty years. The results are celebrated as a successful model for how to combine regulatory objectives and consumer preferences in pursuit of environmental outcomes, with no losers. However, the per capita refrigerator energy consumption today remains (much) higher in the US than in virtually all other countries. In this talk I examine priorities shaping

134

TAFV Alternative Fuels and Vehicles Choice Model Documentation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A model for predicting choice of alternative fuel and among alternative vehicle technologies for light-duty motor vehicles is derived. The nested multinomial logit (NML) mathematical framework is used. Calibration of the model is based on information in the existing literature and deduction based on assuming a small number of key parameters, such as the value of time and discount rates. A spreadsheet model has been developed for calibration and preliminary testing of the model.

Greene, D.L.

2001-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

135

Solar Electricity: The Power of Choice, Third Quarter 2001  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Solar Electricity: The Power of Choice (formerly NREL PV Working With Industry) is a quarterly newsletter devoted to the photovoltaics (PV) research and development activities performed by NREL staff in concert with their industry and university partners. This issue is devoted to coverage of the Program Review Meeting of the National Center for Photovoltaics, held in October, 2001. The editorialist for this issue is Kannan Ramanathan, chair of the Program Review and a research scientist with the National Center for Photovoltaics at NREL.

Schnelten, K.; Moon, S.; Miller, J.

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Interactions among bioenergy feedstock choices, landscape dynamics, and land use  

SciTech Connect

Landscape implications of bioenergy feedstock choices are significant and depend on land-use practices and their environmental impacts. Although land-use changes and carbon emissions associated with bioenergy feedstock production are dynamic and complicated, lignocellulosic feedstocks may offer opportunities that enhance sustainability when compared to other transportation fuel alternatives. For bioenergy sustainability, major drivers and concerns revolve around energy security, food production, land productivity, soil carbon and erosion, greenhouse gas emissions, biodiversity, air quality, and water quantity and quality. The many implications of bioenergy feedstock choices require several indicators at multiple scales to provide a more complete accounting of effects. Ultimately, the long-term sustainability of bioenergy feedstock resources (as well as food supplies) throughout the world depends on land-use practices and landscape dynamics. Land-management decisions often invoke trade-offs among potential environmental effects and social and economic factors as well as future opportunities for resource use. The hypothesis being addressed in this paper is that sustainability of bioenergy feedstock production can be achieved via appropriately designed crop residue and perennial lignocellulosic systems. We find that decision makers need scientific advancements and adequate data that both provide quantitative and qualitative measures of the effects of bioenergy feedstock choices at different spatial and temporal scales and allow fair comparisons among available options for renewable liquid fuels.

Dale, Virginia H [ORNL; Kline, Keith L [ORNL; Wright, Lynn L [ORNL; Perlack, Robert D [ORNL; Downing, Mark [ORNL; Graham, Robin Lambert [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Retail Choice Experiments: Comparing Early-AdopterExperience  

SciTech Connect

This paper reviews the experience with retail choice of non-residential electricity customers during the period from early 1998 through the first few months of 2000. Key findings include: (1) customers in California received a significantly smaller discount from utility tariffs than customers in other competitive markets; (2) this sample of large commercial/industrial customers believed they were benefiting significantly more from commodity savings from contracts with retail electricity service providers (RESP) than from value-added services; and,(3) market rules appear to be critical to customer experiences with retail competition, yet the relationship between market rules and market development is inadequately understood.

Golove, William

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Financial and alternative choices in personal transportation habits  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An empirical study was conducted of employed professionals, representative of the marketing and financial services industry located within the metropolitan section of Pittsburgh, PA, resulting in 191 useable questionnaires. The thrust was to investigate ... Keywords: CRM, Pennsylvania, Pittsburgh, USA, United States, automobile industry, automotive companies, choices, corporate strategy, customer relationship management, decision making, e-finance, electronic finance, employee behaviour, employer based transportation, employer supported transportation, financial incentives, financial services, fuel, gasoline, hybrid vehicles, marketing, multivariate analysis, new initiatives, perceptions, personal preferences, petrol, price mitigation, productivity, public transport, purchasing decisions, transportation habits, workforce benefits, working professionals

Alan D. Smith

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Solar Electricity - The Power of Choice, First Quarter 2001  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Solar Electricity--The Power of Choice (formerly NREL PV Working With Industry) is a quarterly newsletter devoted to the research and development activities performed by NREL staff in concert with their industry and university partners. This issue is devoted to NREL's renewables workshop for farmers and ranchers, presented at the National Western Stock Show in Denver; the PV Industry Roadmap; the Siemens Solar Industries celebration of 200 MW of cumulative PV module production; and a profile of ''PV Beyond the Horizon'' initiative. The editorialist for this issue is Tim Anderson of the University of Florida.

Poole, L.; Schnelten, K.; Moon, S.

2001-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

140

Customer Choice and Green Power Marketing: A Critical Review and Analysis of Experience to Date  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Customer Customer Choice and Green Power Marketing: A Critical Review and Analysis of Experience to Date Ryan Wiser, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Mark Bolinger, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Edward Holt, Ed Holt & Associates, Inc. ABSTRACT This article explores whether and to what extent individuals are willing to voluntarily pay a premium for products that provide public environmental benefits. In particular, we critically review and analyze the status and impacts of U.S. green power marketing to date. Green power marketing-the business of selling electricity products distinguished by their environmental attributes-seeks to develop a private market for renewable energy driven by consumer demand for green products. Debate has centered on the ability of such a market to provide a significant level of support for renewable energy sources. This paper examines

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Digital breadcrumbs: Detecting urban mobility patterns and transport mode choices from cellphone networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many modern and growing cities are facing declines in public transport usage, with few efficient methods to explain why. In this article, we show that urban mobility patterns and transport mode choices can be derived from cellphone call detail records coupled with public transport data recorded from smart cards. Specifically, we present new data mining approaches to determine the spatial and temporal variability of public and private transportation usage and transport mode preferences across Singapore. Our results, which were validated by Singapore's quadriennial Household Interview Travel Survey (HITS), revealed that there are 3.5 (HITS: 3.5 million) million and 4.3 (HITS: 4.4 million) million inter-district passengers by public and private transport, respectively. Along with classifying which transportation connections are weak or underserved, the analysis shows that the mode share of public transport use increases from 38 percent in the morning to 44 percent around mid-day and 52 percent in the evening.

Holleczek, Thomas; Lee, Joseph K; Senn, Oliver; Kloeckl, Kristian; Ratti, Carlo; Jaillet, Patrick

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

VERIFYING NORTH KOREA'S NUCLEAR PROGRAMME: TECHNICAL OPTIONS AND POLICY CHOICES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper considers the challenges and policy choices associated with verifying a North Korean declaration about its past nuclear activities. In terms of the plutonium programme, there are two key choices facing policy makers. First, in light of North Korea’s reported statement that its October 2006 test involved only 2 kg of plutonium, is the IAEA’s standard definition of a significant quantity appropriate? Second, using open source information, this paper argues that the uncertainty in the material unaccounted for, ?(MUF), will be between 5 and 10 kg, depending on the degree of cooperation afforded by North Korea. In order to ensure that verification produces a conclusive answer, the magnitude of ?(MUF) will necessitate some combination of decreasing the detection probability and increasing the false alarm rate from their standard IAEA values, or adopting entirely different criteria against which to assess North Korean compliance. The paper also includes a discussion of the process for verifying the absence or existence of a clandestine uranium enrichment programme by formulating it as a Bayesian inference problem. This framework, together with an analysis of the politics of inspections at undeclared locations suggests that, unless detailed intelligence pinpointing the location of a clandestine centrifuge facility is available, inspection rights at undeclared facilities may be of limited utility.

Tuscon Az; James M. Acton

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Optimal choices of reference for a quasilocal energy: Spherically symmetric spacetimes  

SciTech Connect

For a given timelike displacement vector, the covariant Hamiltonian quasilocal energy expression requires a proper choice of reference spacetime. We propose a program for determining the reference by embedding a neighborhood of the two-sphere boundary in the dynamic spacetime into a Minkowski reference, so that the two-sphere is embedded isometrically, and then extremizing the energy to determine the embedding variables. Applying this idea to Schwarzschild spacetime, we found that for each given future timelike displacement vector our program gives a unique energy value. The static observer measures the maximal energy. Applied to the Friedmann-Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker spacetime, we find that the maximum energy value is non-negative; the associated displacement vector is the unit dual mean curvature vector; and the expansion of the two-sphere boundary matches that of its reference image. For these spherically symmetric cases the reference determined by our program is equivalent to isometrically matching the geometry at the two-sphere boundary and taking the displacement vector to be orthogonal to the spacelike constant coordinate time hypersurface, like the timelike Killing vector of the Minkowski reference.

Wu, Ming-Fan; Chen, Chiang-Mei; Liu, Jian-Liang [Department of Physics Center for Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, National Central University, Chungli 320, Taiwan (China); Nester, James M. [Department of Physics Center for Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, National Central University, Chungli 320, Taiwan (China); Graduate Institute of Astronomy, National Central University, Chungli 320, Taiwan (China)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

144

DOE Solar Decathlon: Cornell University: Making an Unconventional Choice  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Silo House at Solar Decathlon 2009. Enlarge image Silo House at Solar Decathlon 2009. Enlarge image Silo House is now a private residence on Martha's Vineyard. Forty solar panels rise above three cylinders and a courtyard to provide Silo House with 8 kW of power. (Credit: Jim Tetro/U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon) Who: Cornell University What: Silo House Where: Martha's Vineyard Vineyard Haven, MA 02568 Map This House Public tours: Not available Solar Decathlon 2009 Cornell University: Making an Unconventional Choice Like the two U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon houses before it, Cornell University's Silo House now serves as a residence and is located within 30 miles of campus. Having competed in Solar Decathlon 2005 and 2007, the Cornell team knew it wanted to try something different in 2009. The team decided to create a

145

Fuel choice and aggregate energy demand in the commercial sector  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a fuel choice and aggregate-demand model of energy use in the commercial sector of the United States. The model structure is dynamic with short-run fuel-price responses estimated to be close to those of the residential sector. Of the three fuels analyzed, electricity consumption exhibits a greater response to its own price than either natural gas or fuel oil. In addition, electricity price increases have the largest effect on end-use energy conservation in the commercial sector. An improved commercial energy-use data base is developed which removes the residential portion of electricity and natural gas use that traditional energy-consumption data sources assign to the commercial sector. In addition, household and commercial petroleum use is differentiated on a state-by-state basis.

Cohn, S.

1978-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

CX-000768: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Categorical Exclusion Determination Determining the Variability of Continuous Mercury Monitors at Low Mercury Levels CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 02072010 Location(s):...

147

CX-009183: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-009183: Categorical Exclusion Determination (0675 -1537) Utah State University - Robust Cell-Level Modeling and Control of Large Battery Packs CX(s)...

148

CX-004734: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-004734: Categorical Exclusion Determination Low-Level Mixed Waste Shipments in Fiscal Year 2011 CX(s) Applied: B1.30 Date: 11032010...

149

Market Share Elasticities for Fuel and Technology Choice in Home Heating and Cooling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Own-Elasticities for Space Conditioning Equipment Equipmentthe choice of a space heat/air conditioning combination. Theutility from air conditioning and space heating alternative

Wood, D.J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Postponing the Choice of the Barrier Parameter in Mehrotra-Type ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sep 1, 2005 ... Postponing the Choice of the Barrier Parameter in Mehrotra-Type Predictor- Corrector Algorithms. Maziar Salahi (salahim ***at*** mcmaster.ca)

151

Market Share Elasticities for Fuel and Technology Choice in Home Heating and Cooling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of space heating to air conditioning choice; 3) explicitthe presence of central air conditioning, it seems unwise tonot to have central air conditioning. Statistical evidence

Wood, D.J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

City energy plan: choices for saving energy in the industrial sector, Task 2. 3 B  

SciTech Connect

The following are covered: how energy is used today, ways to save energy, ways to implement, conservation choices, and impacts of price increases and supply cutbacks. (MHR)

1976-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

TransForum v7n1 - Diversity of Choices: Key to Improving Transportatio...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diversity of Choices: Key to Improving Transportation Energy Efficiency Argonne's Mobile Automotive Technology Testbed Argonne's Mobile Automotive Technology Testbed can be...

154

Investment Timing and Capacity Choice for Small-Scale Wind Power Under Uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INVESTMENT TIMING AND CAPACITY CHOICE FOR SMALL-SCALE WINDvalue as a func- tion of capacity is declining because ais reduced with increased capacity. A possible approach for

Fleten, Stein-Erik; Maribu, Karl Magnus

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

A Study of School-Choice Students in the Southgate Community School District.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this study was to describe and explain the experiences of school-choice students at Southgate Anderson High School (SAHS). Qualitative methods were utilized… (more)

Timmis, Christopher J

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Residential mobility and location choice: a nested logit model with sampling of alternatives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Waddell, P. : Modeling residential location in UrbanSim. In:D. (eds. ) Modelling Residential Location Choice. Springer,based model system and a residential location model. Urban

Lee, Brian H.; Waddell, Paul

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

FACTORS AFFECTING RURAL KENTUCKY PATIENTS HOSPITAL CHOICE AND BYPASS BEHAVIOR.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study examines the underutilization of rural hospitals in Kentucky. The authors study hospital and patient characteristics to determine why and how rural patients bypass… (more)

He, Xiao

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Austin Utilities - Solar Choice Program (Minnesota) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Active Incentive No Incentive Inactive Date 09012011 Implementing Sector Utility Energy Category Renewable Energy Incentive Programs Amount Varies; determined by amount...

159

PowerChoice Residential Customer Response to TOU Rates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research Into Action, Inc. and the Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) worked together to conduct research on the behaviors and energy use patterns of SMUD residential customers who voluntarily signed on to a Time-of-Use rate pilot launched under the PowerChoice label. The project was designed to consider the how and why of residential customers ability and willingness to engage in demand reduction behaviors, and to link social and behavioral factors to observed changes in demand. The research drew on a combination of load interval data and three successive surveys of participating households. Two experimental treatments were applied to test the effects of increased information on households ability to respond to the Time-of-Use rates. Survey results indicated that participants understood the purpose of the Time-of-Use rate and undertook substantial appropriate actions to shift load and conserve. Statistical tests revealed minor initial price effects and more marked, but still modest, adjustments to seasonal rate changes. Tests of the two information interventions indicated that neither made much difference to consumption patterns. Despite the lackluster statistical evidence for load shifting, the analysis points to key issues for critical analysis and development of residential Time-of-Use rates, especially pertinent as California sets the stage for demand response in more California residences.

Peters, Jane S.; Moezzi, Mithra; Lutzenhiser, Susan; Woods, James; Dethman, Linda; Kunkle, Rick

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Feasibility, Challenges, and Performance of Wireless Multi-Hop Routing for Feeder Level Communication in a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

distribution level takes on greater importance with the introduction of the Smart Grid approach. Significant as the medium of choice for meeting communication requirements at the distribution level of the Smart Grid evaluations on a real-world power distribution level topology. 2. WIRELESS COMMUNICATION IN SMART GRID

Namboodiri, Vinod

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

CX-010868: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

68: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-010868: Categorical Exclusion Determination Bio Safety Level-1 and Bio Safety Level-2 Research at Argonne CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 08...

162

The unavailable candidate model: a decision-theoretic view of social choice  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the fundamental problems in the theory of social choice is aggregating the rankings of a set of agents (or voters) into a consensus ranking. Rank aggregation has found application in a variety of computational contexts. However, the goal ... Keywords: preferences, rank aggregation, social choice, voting

Tyler Lu; Craig E. Boutilier

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Commentary---On the Interpretation of Temporal Inflation Parameters in Stochastic Models of Judgment and Choice  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The implications of Salisbury and Feinberg's (2010) paper [Salisbury, L. C., F. M. Feinberg. 2010. Alleviating the constant stochastic variance assumption in decision research: Theory, measurement, and experimental test. Marketing Sci.29(1) ... Keywords: behavioral decision theory, behavioral economics, choice modeling, intertemporal choice, measurement and inference, psychological process models, random utility models

J. Wesley Hutchinson; Gal Zauberman; Robert Meyer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

USING WEIGHTED SUM METHOD FOR THE CHOICE OF THE NIGHT VISION GOGGLES BATTERY POWER SUPPLY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

USING WEIGHTED SUM METHOD FOR THE CHOICE OF THE NIGHT VISION GOGGLES BATTERY POWER SUPPLY Daniela into account device working range, weight and price and also electrical battery power supply lifetime, temperature working range and its mechanics. The multicriteria optimization choice of the electrical battery

Borissova, Daniela

165

Popular Choice Winners Announced for "Apps for Energy" Competition |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Popular Choice Winners Announced for "Apps for Energy" Popular Choice Winners Announced for "Apps for Energy" Competition Popular Choice Winners Announced for "Apps for Energy" Competition June 6, 2012 - 1:53pm Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - The Energy Department announced today the Popular Choice winners for the "Apps for Energy" competition, with app developers submitting more than 50 innovative mobile and web applications that will help utility consumers save money by making the most of their "Green Button" electricity usage data. Popular Choice awards reflect the results of public voting at http://appsforenergy.challenge.gov, which ran from May 17 to May 31 and involved over 12,000 participants. Other winners in the competition were selected by a panel of expert reviewers and

166

Input Price Risk and Optimal Timing of Energy Investment: Choice between Fossil- and Biofuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ve consider energy investment, when a choice has to be made between fossil fuel and biomass fired production technologies. A dynamic model is presented to illustrate the effect of the different degrees of input price uncer- tainty on the choice of technolog2 and the timing of the investment. It is shown that when the choice of technology is irreversible, it may be optimal to postpone the investment even if it would otherwise be optimal to invest in one or both of the plant types. Ve provide a numerical example based on cost estimates of two different power plant types.

Pauli Murto; Gjermund Nese

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Impact of modern logistics on industrial location choice and property markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The debate on the impact of modern logistics on industrial location choice and property markets focuses on (1) whether modern inventory control and supply- chain configuration consolidate manufacturing and distribution ...

Li, Yu, 1976-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Why Sussex is the right choice Join one of the world's top  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lively and cosmopolitan cities in the UK. The city has a great beach, an outstanding choice's beautiful south coast. · 3,000 international Sussex students from over 120 countries · near cosmopolitan

Sussex, University of

169

Why Sussex is the right choice Join one of the world's top  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lively and cosmopolitan cities in the UK. The city has a great beach, an outstanding choice's beautiful south coast. · over 4,600 international students from more than 120 countries · near cosmopolitan

Sussex, University of

170

MVRC heuristic for solving the multi-choice multi-constraint knapsack problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the heuristic algorithm Maximizing Value per Resources Consumption (MVRC) that solves the Multi-Choice Multi-Constraint Knapsack Problem, a variant of the known NP-hard optimization problem called Knapsack problem. Starting with an ...

Maria Chantzara; Miltiades Anagnostou

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Freight mode choice : air transport versus ocean transport in the 1990's  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Value density is often considered when considering the choice whether to ship cargo by air or by water. However, although cargo value is directly linked to the overall cost of shipment, it is the deciding factor in mode ...

Lewis, Dale B.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Investment Timing and Capacity Choice for Small-Scale Wind Power Under Uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scott Distributed power generation (New York, Marcel Dekker,the renewable share of power generation. The American Windin small-scale wind power generation, as well as the choice

Fleten, Stein-Erik; Maribu, Karl Magnus

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Market Share Elasticities for Fuel and Technology Choice in Home Heating and Cooling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Choice in Home Heating and Cooling D.J. Wood, H. Ruderman,IN HOME HEATING AND COOLING* David J. Wood, Henry RudermanIN HOME HEATING AND COOLING David J. Wood, Henry Ruderman,

Wood, D.J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Paying Too Much for Energy? The True Costs of Our Energy Choices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy consumption is critical to economic growth and quality of life. America's energy system, however, is malfunctioning. The status quo is characterized by a tilted playing field, where energy choices are based on the ...

Looney, Adam

175

Investment Timing and Capacity Choice for Small-Scale Wind Power Under Uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REFERENCES [1] American Wind Power Association (AWEA), Road-CHOICE FOR SMALL-SCALE WIND POWER UNDER UNCERTAINTY Stein-Power production from wind power has stochastic inflows, and

Fleten, Stein-Erik; Maribu, Karl Magnus

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Hysteresis and urban rail : the effects of past urban rail on current residential and travel choices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cities are endowed with and accumulate assets based on their unique histories, which in turn define the choice set of the present. These assets range from the natural-sheltered ports, fertile land--to the constructed--concrete ...

Block-Schachter, David

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Influence of Choice of Time Period on Global Surface Temperature Trend Estimates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Annual global surface temperature and global land surface temperature trends are calculated for all possible periods of the historical record between 1850 and 2009. Two-dimensional parameter diagrams show the critical influence of the choice of ...

Brant Liebmann; Randall M. Dole; Charles Jones; Ileana Bladé; Dave Allured

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Searching for simplified farmers' crop choice models for integrated watershed management in Thailand: A data mining approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study used the C4.5 data mining algorithm to model farmers' crop choice in two watersheds in Thailand. Previous attempts in the Integrated Water Resource Assessment and Management Project to model farmers' crop choice produced large sets of decision ... Keywords: Data mining, Decision support system, Decision trees, Farmers' crop choice

Benchaphun Ekasingh; Kamol Ngamsomsuke

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

PRISM 2.0: Mixed Logit Consumer Vehicle Choice Modeling Using Revealed Preference Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Predicting the penetration of electric vehicles into the automotive market is challenging because these vehicles do not exist in the market today and therefore consumer reaction is largely unknown. One way to estimate consumer demand for electric vehicles is to model the attribute bundles of vehicles that are present in the market today and predict market share using state-of-the-art discrete choice demand models.This research develops a choice-based demand model to extract consumer ...

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

180

China's energy intensity and its determinants at the provincial level  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy intensity is defined as the amount of energy consumed per dollar of GDP (Gross Domestic Product). The People's Republic of China's (China's) energy intensity has been declining significantly since the late 1970s. ...

Zhang, Xin, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Determining Levels of Productivity and Efficiency in the Electricity Industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A few major themes run fairly consistently through the history of productivity and efficiency analysis of the electricity industry: environmental controls, economies of scale, and private versus government.

Abbott, Malcolm

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

High-Level Waste Melter Review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is faced with a massive cleanup task in resolving the legacy of environmental problems from years of manufacturing nuclear weapons. One of the major activities within this task is the treatment and disposal of the extremely large amount of high-level radioactive (HLW) waste stored at the Hanford Site in Richland, Washington. The current planning for the method of choice for accomplishing this task is to vitrify (glassify) this waste for disposal in a geologic repository. This paper describes the results of the DOE-chartered independent review of alternatives for solidification of Hanford HLW that could achieve major cost reductions with reasonable long-term risks, including recommendations on a path forward for advanced melter and waste form material research and development. The potential for improved cost performance was considered to depend largely on increased waste loading (fewer high-level waste canisters for disposal), higher throughput, or decreased vitrification facility size.

Ahearne, J.; Gentilucci, J.; Pye, L. D.; Weber, T.; Woolley, F.; Machara, N. P.; Gerdes, K.; Cooley, C.

2002-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

183

Consumer Choice of E85: Lessons from Minnesota's Experience  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Light Duty Vehicle Markets & E85: Theory, Econometrics & Modeling Changzheng Liu David L. Greene Oak Ridge National Laboratory Biofuels in AEO 2013 Workshop March 20, 2013 Energy Information Administration Washington, DC The Renewable Fuels Standard 2 calls for 36 billion gallons of renewable fuel use by 2022. What role can E85 play? 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 2020 2022 Billions of Gallons EPA Renewable Fuels Volume Requirements Total Renewable Fuel Advanced Biofuel Cellulosic biofuel Increasing ethanol use to 36 billion gallons is a key objective of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007. How important will availability of E85 be to achieving that goal? S Low level ethanol blends may "max out" and E85 may have

184

Comparative analysis of energy costing methodologies. Appendix: report on levelized busbar-costing workshop held at MITRE/Metrek, June 29-30, 1978  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The proceedings of a workshop on levelized busbar costing methodologies which was held at MITRE/Metrek on June 29 and 30, 1978 are described. Particular emphasis was placed on consideration of geothermal energy sources. The objective of the workshop was to determine whether a consensus could be developed regarding the most appropriate methodologies and assumptions for levelized energy costing. The workshop was attended by representatives from energy resource, utility and engineering design companies, and by representatives of the Division of Geothermal Energy and R and D contractors for this Division. It was found that year-by-year calculations in current dollars were generally preferred, using either Discounted Cash Flow or Revenue Requirements methods. No consensus emerged on choice of discount rate or financial parameters such as debt/equity ratio, and tax credit carry forward/carry back provisions. It was felt that engineering aspects deserve close attention.

Leigh, J.G.

1979-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Predictive analysis of concealed social network activities based on communication technology choices: early-warning detection of attack signals from terrorist organizations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

activities based on communication technology choices: early-of what their communications technology choices may revealall avail- able communications technology use records over

Drozdova, Katya; Samoilov, Michael

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Model choice considerations and information integration using analytical hierarchy process  

SciTech Connect

Using the theory of information-gap for decision-making under severe uncertainty, it has been shown that model output compared to experimental data contains irrevocable trade-offs between fidelity-to-data, robustness-to-uncertainty and confidence-in-prediction. We illustrate a strategy for information integration by gathering and aggregating all available data, knowledge, theory, experience, similar applications. Such integration of information becomes important when the physics is difficult to model, when observational data are sparse or difficult to measure, or both. To aggregate the available information, we take an inference perspective. Models are not rejected, nor wasted, but can be integrated into a final result. We show an example of information integration using Saaty's Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), integrating theory, simulation output and experimental data. We used expert elicitation to determine weights for two models and two experimental data sets, by forming pair-wise comparisons between model output and experimental data. In this way we transform epistemic and/or statistical strength from one field of study into another branch of physical application. The price to pay for utilizing all available knowledge is that inferences drawn for the integrated information must be accounted for and the costs can be considerable. Focusing on inferences and inference uncertainty (IU) is one way to understand complex information.

Langenbrunner, James R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hemez, Francois M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Booker, Jane M [BOOKER SCIENTIFIC; Ross, Timothy J. [UNM

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

187

CX-001448: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CX-001448: Categorical Exclusion Determination Systems Level Technology Development, Integration and Demonstration for Efficient Class 8 Trucks CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 04012010...

188

CX-009043: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CX-009043: Categorical Exclusion Determination Storage Water Tank Level Wireless Instrumentation Upgrade CX(s) Applied: B2.2 Date: 08082012 Location(s): South Carolina...

189

Jackson EMC - Right Choice Sun Power Rebate Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Jackson EMC - Right Choice Sun Power Rebate Program Jackson EMC - Right Choice Sun Power Rebate Program Jackson EMC - Right Choice Sun Power Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Heating & Cooling Water Heating Maximum Rebate PV: $4,500 for PV Solar Water Heaters: $525 Program Info State Georgia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount PV: $450 per kW DC installed for PV Solar Water Heaters: $525 per installation Provider Jackson Electric Membership Corporation Jackson Electric Membership Corporation (Jackson EMC), which serves over 185,000 residential customers, offers rebates to those customers who install photovoltaic (PV) systems or solar water-heating systems. In exchange for these incentives, Jackson EMC retains the rights to any

190

Modern Smart Grid Offers Consumers the Power of Choice | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Modern Smart Grid Offers Consumers the Power of Choice Modern Smart Grid Offers Consumers the Power of Choice Modern Smart Grid Offers Consumers the Power of Choice February 7, 2011 - 9:19am Addthis Erin R. Pierce Erin R. Pierce Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Home energy assessments are a practical, straightforward way to improve the overall efficiency of your home. Learning how to better manage home energy use can lead to significant cost savings. You may have enlisted the help of a professional auditor to perform the evaluation or relied on an annual, do-it-yourself review-but what if you could monitor your home's energy use on a monthly, weekly, or even daily basis? That's exactly what Smart Grid technology offers-providing both consumers and utilities with the information to better manage electricity use, in

191

Multiple-choice Assessment for Upper-division Electricity and Magnetism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Colorado Upper-division Electrostatics (CUE) diagnostic was designed as an open-ended assessment in order to capture elements of student reasoning in upper-division electrostatics. The diagnostic has been given for many semesters at several universities resulting in an extensive database of CUE responses. To increase the utility and scalability of the assessment, we used this database along with research on students' difficulties to create a multiple-choice version. The new version explores the viability of a novel test format where students select multiple responses and can receive partial credit based on the accuracy and consistency of their selections. This format was selected with the goal of preserving insights afforded by the open-ended format while exploiting the logistical advantages of a multiple-choice assessment. Here, we present examples of the questions and scoring of the multiple-choice CUE as well as initial analysis of the test's validity, item difficulty, discrimination, and overall consi...

Wilcox, Bethany R

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Determination of Low-Energy Constants of Wilson Chiral Perturbation Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By matching Wilson twisted mass lattice QCD determinations of pseudoscalar meson masses to Wilson Chiral Perturbation Theory we determine the low-energy constants $W'_6$, $W'_8$ and their linear combination $c_2$. We explore the dependence of these low-energy constants on the choice of the lattice action and on the number of dynamical flavours.

Gregorio Herdoiza; Karl Jansen; Chris Michael; Konstantin Ottnad; Carsten Urbach

2013-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

193

Categorical Exclusion Determination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

n rgy n rgy Categorical Exclusion Determination Form Proposed Action Title: (0474-1555) University of Colorado - Boulder - Wafer-Level Sub-Module Integrated DCfDC Converter Program or Field Office: Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy LocationCs) CCity/County/State): Colorado, Maine, Virginia Proposed Action Description: Funding will support development of a planar, wafer-level sub-module integrated converter (SubMIC) device that can be integrated into various types of photovoltaic (PV) modules to enable low-cost maximum power point tracking at high power processing efficiencies. Proposed work consists of indoor laboratory-based research and development (R&D), microfabrication activities, and analytical research, including: (1) simulated modeling and design of SubMIC components and integrated units, (2) development, fabrication, testing, and optimization

194

NEWTON: Determining Material Degradation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Determining Material Degradation Determining Material Degradation Name: Hamish Status: student Grade: 6-8 Location: CA Country: USA Date: Summer 2013 Question: I am working on a science project about photo-degradation of plastic film. My question is how much degraded a plastic film should be to say that it was 100% photo-degraded? The plastic film I am photo-degrading is turning into dust when I touch it, what level of degradation is that? Replies: Hi Hamish, Thanks for the question. You will need to define what you mean by photo-degraded. 100% photo-degraded could be that the film becomes translucent and lets through only blurry images. Or it could mean that the film turns to dust when you touch it. As long as you clearly state in your science project what you mean by 100% photo-degraded, you will be doing a good job.

195

Gender determination in populus  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Gender, the expression of maleness or femaleness, in dioecious plants has been associated with changes in morphology, physiology, ecological position, and commercial importance of several species, including members of the Salicaceae family. Various mechanisms have been proposed to explain the expression of gender in Salicaceae, including sex chromosomes, simple Mendelian genes, quantitative genes, environment, and genotype-by-environment interactions. Published reports would favor a genetic basis for gender. The objective of this study was to identify molecular markers associated with gender in a segregating family of hybrid poplars. Bulked segregant analysis and chi-squared analysis were used to test for the occurrence of sex chromosomes, individual loci, and chromosome ratios (i.e., ploidy levels) as the mechanisms for gender determination. Examination of 2488 PCR based RAPD markers from 1219 primers revealed nine polymorphic bands between male and female bulked samples. However, linkage analysis indicated that none of these markers were significantly associated with gender. Chisquared results for difference in male-to-female ratios between diploid and triploid genotypes also revealed no significant differences. These findings suggest gender is not controlled via sex chromosomes, simple Mendelian loci or ratios of autosome to gender-determining loci. It is possible that gender is determined genetically by regions of the genome not sampled by the tested markers or by a complex of loci operating in an additive threshold manner or in an epistatic manner. It is also possible that gender is determined environmentally at an early zygote stage, canalizing gender expression.

McLetchie, D.N. [Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States). Dept. of Biological Sciences; Tuskan, G.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

196

The Mechanics of City-School Initiatives: Transforming Neighborhoods of Distress & Despair into Neighborhoods of Choice & Promise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Mechanics of City?School Initiatives: Transforming November 2009  The Mechanics of City?School Initiatives: Choice & Promise  The Mechanics of City?School Initiatives: 

Bierbaum, Ariel H; Vincent, Jeffrey M; McKoy, Deborah L

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Combining stated and revealed choice research to simulate the neighbor effect: The case of hybrid-electric vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

s early market for hybrid electric vehicles. TransportationThe case of hybrid-electric vehicles Jonn Axsen a, *, Deanpreferences Hybrid-electric vehicles Discrete choice model

Axsen, Jonn; Mountain, Dean C.; Jaccard, Mark

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Using decision scenarios to evaluate laypeople's computer-mediated medication information sharing choices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Motivation - Abstract surveys are currently the primary source of data guiding policy-makers as they frame laypeople's choices to electronically share their health information with care providers. Research approach - We presented laypeople (N=31) with ... Keywords: decision scenario, decision-making, health care, informatics, policy

Jenna L. Marquard; Patricia Flatley Brennan

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Home Sweet Home: Entrepreneurs' Location Choices and the Performance of Their Ventures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Entrepreneurs, even more than employees, tend to locate in regions in which they have deep roots (“home” regions). Here, we examine the performance implications of these choices. Whereas one might expect entrepreneurs to perform better in ... Keywords: behavior, econometrics, economics, effectiveness--performance, organizational studies

Michael S. Dahl; Olav Sorenson

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Reference value choice of the wind turbine active power with doubly-fed induction generator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The variable speed wind turbine with doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) is today widely used concept. This paper presents a control system of the DFIG wind turbine with focus on the control strategies and on active power reference value choice. The ... Keywords: DFIG, dynamic simulation, reference value of active power, wind turbine

J. Smajo; M. Smajo; D. Vukadinovic

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Passing the buck in the garbage can model of organizational choice  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We reconstruct Cohen, March and Olsen's Garbage Can model of organizational choice as an agent-based model. In the original model, the members of an organization can postpone decision-making. We add another means for avoiding making decisions, that of ... Keywords: Buck-passing, Garbage can model, Organizational decision making, Postponing decisions

Guido Fioretti; Alessandro Lomi

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

A multiprocessor based heuristic for multi-dimensional multiple-choice knapsack problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a multiprocessor based heuristic algorithm for the Multi-dimensional Multiple Choice Knapsack Problem (MMKP). MMKP is a variant of the classical 0---1 knapsack problem, where items having a value and a number of resource requirements ... Keywords: Heuristic algorithms, Inter process communication, Knapsack problem, Multiprocessor systems, Process synchronization

Abu Zafar Shahriar; M. Mostofa Akbar; M. Sohel Rahman; Muhammad Abdul Newton

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

HOME ENERGY PREFERENCES & POLICY: APPLYING STATED CHOICE MODELING TO A HYBRID  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The federal government's EnerGuide program was introduced in 1978 to provide information to encourage the adoption of more energy efficient appliances to reduce energy demand (NRCan, 1994). Recently, Nanduri et al. (2002) undertook a stated preference discrete choice survey to evaluate the effectiveness of the EnerGuide

204

Customer Choice and Green Power Marketing: A Critical Review and Analysis of Experience to Date  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Green power marketing--the business of selling electricity products distinguished by their environmental or convenience. Getting commuters out of their single passenger cars and into mass Deregulation of the Utility attitudes and individual behaviors. -- With the advent of customer choice in the U.S. electricity sector

205

Direct Use of Natural Gas: Economic Fuel Choices from the Regional Power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Direct Use of Natural Gas: Economic Fuel Choices from the Regional Power System and Consumer's Perspective Council document 2012-01 Background Is it better to use natural gas directly in water heaters; total-energy efficiency, fuel switching, direct use of gas, and others. The natural gas companies

206

Company Level Imports Archives  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Company Level Imports Company Level Imports Archives 2013 Imports by Month January XLS February XLS March XLS April XLS May XLS June XLS July XLS August XLS September XLS...

207

Liquid level detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A liquid level detector for low pressure boilers. A boiler tank, from which apor, such as steam, normally exits via a main vent, is provided with a vertical side tube connected to the tank at the desired low liquid level. When the liquid level falls to the level of the side tube vapor escapes therethrough causing heating of a temperature sensitive device located in the side tube, which, for example, may activate a liquid supply means for adding liquid to the boiler tank. High liquid level in the boiler tank blocks entry of vapor into the side tube, allowing the temperature sensitive device to cool, for example, to ambient temperature.

Grasso, Albert P. (Vernon, CT)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Liquid level detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A liquid level detector for low pressure boilers. A boiler tank, from which vapor, such as steam, normally exits via a main vent, is provided with a vertical side tube connected to the tank at the desired low liquid level. When the liquid level falls to the level of the side tube vapor escapes therethrough causing heating of a temperature sensitive device located in the side tube, which, for example, may activate a liquid supply means for adding liquid to the boiler tank. High liquid level in the boiler tank blocks entry of vapor into the side tube, allowing the temperature sensitive device to cool, for example, to ambient temperature.

Grasso, A.P.

1984-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

209

Evaluation of cancer mortality in a cohort of workers exposed to low-level radiation  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this dissertation was to re-analyze existing data to explore methodologic approaches that may determine whether excess cancer mortality in the ORNL cohort can be explained by time-related factors not previously considered; grouping of cancer outcomes; selection bias due to choice of method selected to incorporate an empirical induction period; or the type of statistical model chosen.

Lea, C.S.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Level: National Data;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

.5 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2006; Level: National Data; Row: Energy Sources and Shipments, including Further Classification of 'Other' Energy...

211

Liquid level detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses a method. It is for detecting presence of a liquid level at a first predetermined point along the depth of a borehole.

Fryer, C.D.; Stie, K.E.; Wedel, M.W.; Stamper, K.R.

1990-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

212

" Level: National Data;" " ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Number of Establishments with Capability to Switch Natural Gas to Alternative Energy Sources, 2002;" " Level: National Data;" " Row: NAICS Codes;" " Column: Energy Sources;" "...

213

" Level: National Data;" " ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7 Number of Establishments with Capability to Switch Electricity to Alternative Energy Sources, 2002; " " Level: National Data;" " Row: NAICS Codes;" " Column: Energy Sources;" "...

214

Correlations Among Gender, Career Interests, Conservation Issues, And Curriculum Choice By Students In Wildlife And Fisheries Sciences At Texas A&M University From 2000 To 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is important to develop and assess student learning outcomes in order to determine whether academic department goals and standards are being reached. One aspect of this process involves alignment of learning outcomes with stakeholder criteria (expectations, beliefs) for assessment. The Department of Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences at Texas A&M University has not previously developed a program assessment of student learning outcomes. However, a survey has been administered to undergraduate students enrolled in a mandatory class, Conservation and Management (WFSC 201). Among other questions, the survey asked students to provide information about their curriculum choice, agreement with value statements about wildlife and conservation issues, career interests, graduate school plans, and importance of issues related to wildlife and fisheries management and conservation. To evaluate alignment of student choice of curriculum with expectations and beliefs related to their choice of career, I tested the student responses to curriculum choice for relationships to responses to survey questions about career interests, gender, and graduate school plans for surveys administered in 2000 and 2008. For these same surveys, I also tested responses to value statements for relationships to responses for importance of issues, in addition to career interests, gender, and graduate school plans. Similar percentages (24%) of the total variation in curriculum choice and in agreement with value statements were explained: Career interests explained 18% of the variation related to curriculum choice and 8% of variation related to value statements. Year and gender combined explained only 2% of the variation in either dependent variable. Responses to important issues explained 11% of the variation in responses to value statements. Choice of curriculum was most strongly related to career interests and graduate school plans. Students who chose the teaching curriculum option were interested in careers in public school education and planned on attending graduate school. Students who chose curriculum options in aquaculture and fish ecology and management were interested in careers in aquaculture and as government fisheries biologists and conservation officers and planned on attending graduate school. Students who chose the curriculum options in wildlife ecology and management and other options were interested in a broad range of careers and were undecided about graduate school. Although importance of issues and career interests explained 19% of the variation in student agreement with value statements, this relationship was not statistically significant. Issues of greatest importance to females were endangered species, habitat destruction, water availability, loss of biodiversity, and water pollution. Females in 2000 tended to choose careers in public school education and as government wildlife biologists, and in 2008 chose careers in nature center education and as urban wildlife biologists. Issues of greatest importance to males were landowner rights to resources, such as high fences to enclose wildlife, access to rivers, water availability, and hunting of wildlife. Males in 2000 tended to choose careers as conservation officers, and in 2008 chose careers in ranch management, private consulting, and as government fish biologists and urban wildlife biologists. This data provides the Wildlife and Fisheries Department at Texas A&M University with information about its students and how they responded to curriculum options, career interests, value statements, and important issues.

Woldhagen, Ashley N.

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Estimating a Model of Strategic Network Choice: The Convenience-Store Industry in Okinawa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper examines the impacts of the merger of two multi-store …rms, using new crosssectional data from the convenience-store industry in Okinawa, Japan. I propose a general methodology for estimating a game of network choice by two multi-store …rms. I use latticetheoretical results to deal with the huge number of possible network choices. I integrate the entry model with post-entry outcome data, while correcting for the selection of entrants by simulations. Parameter estimates …nd the acquirer of a hypothetical merger of two chains would increase its number of stores in the city center in Okinawa but would decrease its number in suburbs. The trade-o ¤ of cost savings and lost revenues from clustering its own stores plays a central role in explaining this seemingly odd result. I also examine the impacts of eliminating the zoning regulation introduced in 1968, which has been a major urban policy issue.

Mitsukuni Nishida Y

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Market share elasticities for fuel and technology choice in home heating and cooling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new technique for estimating own- and cross-elasticities of market share for fuel and technology choices in home heating and cooling is presented. We simulate changes in economic conditions and estimate elasticities by calculating predicted changes in fuel and technology market shares. Elasticities are found with respect to household income, equipment capital cost, and equipment capital cost, and equipment operating cost (including fuel price). The method is applied to a revised and extended version of a study by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI). Data for that study are drawn primarily from the 1975--1979 Annual Housing Surveys. Results are generally similar to previous studies, although our estimates of elasticities are somewhat lower. We feel the superior formulation of consumer choice and the currency of data in EPRI's work produce reliable estimates of market share elasticities. 18 refs., 1 fig., 6 tabs.

Wood, D.J.; Ruderman, H.; McMahon, J.E.

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Evaluation of Different Soil Carbon Determination Methods  

SciTech Connect

Determining soil carbon (C) with high precision is an essential requisite for the success of the terrestrial C sequestration program. The informed choice of management practices for different terrestrial ecosystems rests upon accurately measuring the potential for C sequestration. Numerous methods are available for assessing soil C. Chemical analysis of field-collected samples using a dry combustion method is regarded as the standard method. However, conventional sampling of soil and their subsequent chemical analysis is expensive and time consuming. Furthermore, these methods are not sufficiently sensitive to identify small changes over time in response to alterations inmanagement practices or changes in land use. Presently, several different in situ analytic methods are being developed purportedly offering increased accuracy, precision and cost-effectiveness over traditional ex situ methods. We consider that, at this stage, a comparative discussion of different soil C determination methods will improve the understanding needed to develop a standard protocol.

Chatterjee, Dr Amitava [Ohio State University; Lal, Dr R [Ohio State University; Wielopolski, Dr L [Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL); Martin, Madhavi Z [ORNL; Ebinger, Dr Michael H [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

A STUDY ON THE CHOICE OF PARAMETERS FOR A HIGH ENERGY ELECTRON RING ACCELERATOR  

SciTech Connect

The production of high energy (multi-GeV) proton beams by an electron ring accelerator is considered. Both the final energy and intensity of the proton beam depend on the choice of parameters for the electron ring. Possible sets of parameters, consistent with all the known requirements of ring stability, and which optimize the energy and (or) the intensity of the proton beam, are presented.

Bovet, C.; Pellegrini, C.

1970-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

219

Industrial fuel choice analysis model. Volume II. Appendices to model documentation  

SciTech Connect

Descriptions, documentation, and other information are included in these appendices dealing with industrial fuel choices: Energy Consumption Data Base; Major Fuel Burning Installation Survey; American Boiler Manufacturers Association Data File; Midrange Energy Forecasting System; Projection Method; Capacity Utilization Rates; Nonboiler Characteristics; Boiler Capital and O and M Cost Data; Nonboiler Capital and O and M Cost Data; Approach to Estimating Energy Impacts of the Coal Conversion Regulatory Program; Index or Acronyms.

1979-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

220

Energy optimization in ice hockey halls I. The system COP as a multivariable function, brine and design choices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work is the first in a series of articles addressing the energy optimization in ice hockey halls. Here we adopt an analytical method, called functional optimization, to find which design and operating conditions maximize the Coefficient Of Performance of the entire cooling system (brine pumps and cooling tower), which we call ${\\rm COP}_{sys}$. This is addressed as a function of several variables, like electric consumption and brine physical properties. By maximizing such function, the best configuration and brine choices for the system can thus be determined accurately and rigorously. We investigate the importance of pipe diameter, depth and brine type (ethylene glycol and ammonia) for average-sized ice rinks. An optimal brine density is found, and we compute the weight of the electric consumption of the brine pumps on ${\\rm COP}_{sys}$. Our formulas are validated with heat flow measurement data obtained at an ice hockey hall in Finland. They are also confronted with technical and cost-related constraints, and implemented by simulations with the program COMSOL Multiphysics. The multivariable approach here discussed is general, and can be applied to the rigorous preliminary study of diverse situations in building physics and in many other areas of interest.

Andrea Ferrantelli; Paul Melóis; Miska Räikkönen; Martti Viljanen

2012-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Energy optimization in ice hockey halls I. The system COP as a multivariable function, brine and design choices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work is the first of a series of articles addressing the energy optimization in ice hockey halls. Here we outline an analytic method to predict in which design and operating conditions the COP of the entire cooling system (refrigerator and cooling tower) ${\\rm COP}_{sys}$ is maximum. ${\\rm COP}_{sys}$ is investigated as a function of several variables, like electric consumption and brine physical properties. With this method, the best configuration and brine choices for the system can therefore be determined in advance. We estimate the optimal design of an average-sized ice rink, including pipe diameter, depth and brine type (ethylene glycol and ammonia). We also single out an optimal brine density and show the impact of the electric consumption of the pump on ${\\rm COP}_{sys}$. Our theoretical predictions are validated with heat flow measurement data obtained at an ice hockey hall in Finland. They are also confronted with technical and cost-related constraints, and implemented by simulations with the pr...

Ferrantelli, Andrea; Räikkönen, Miska; Viljanen, Martti

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Categorical Exclusion Determination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1537) Utah State University - 1537) Utah State University - Robust Cell-Level Modeling and Control of Large Battery Packs Program or Field Office: Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy LocationCs) CCity/County/State): Logan, UT; Colorado Springs, CO; Boulder, CO; Golden, CO; Dearborn, MI Proposed Action Description: Funding will support efforts to develop a novel battery pack architecture supported by algorithms to drive analysis, feedback, and operability. Proposed work will consist of: (1) performing a requirements analysis to determine optimal theoretical design for the battery pack; (2) design and theoretical optimization of the necessary algorithms to control and monitor the cells in the pack; (3) creation , testing, and analysis of a proof-of- concept unit; and (4) application of the algorithmic controls to a commercial battery pack to analyze performance.

223

Categorical Exclusion Determination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

y y Categorical Exclusion Determination Form Proposed Action Title: (0471-1595) Regents of the University of Minnesota - Thermal Fuel: Solar Fuels via Partial Redox Cycles with Heat Recovery Program or Field Office: Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy LocationCs) CCity/County/State): Minnesota, California, and Colorado. Proposed Action Description: Funding will support development of a dual zone solar thermochemical reactor to produce fuel using ceria-based reactive materials in partial redox cycles and high heat recovery levels through counter-circulation of solid state components. Proposed work consists of indoor laboratory-based research and development, including: (1) designing, fabricating, and characterizing an optimized ceria-based reactive element for use in the reactor to enable maximum fuel productivity and durability; (2) designing and fabricating a

224

Liquid level controller  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for maintaining two distinct sodium levels within the shell of a heat exchanger having a plurality of J-shaped modular tube bundles each enclosed in a separate shell which extends from a common base portion. A lower liquid level is maintained in the base portion and an upper liquid level is maintained in the shell enwrapping the long stem of the J-shaped tube bundles by utilizing standpipes with a notch at the lower end which decreases in open area the distance from the end of the stand pipe increases and a supply of inert gas fed at a constant rate to produce liquid levels, which will remain generally constant as the flow of liquid through the vessel varies. (auth)

Mangus, J.D.; Redding, A.H.

1975-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

225

Chu: America Faces a Choice to "Compete in the Clean Energy Race" or  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Chu: America Faces a Choice to "Compete in the Clean Energy Chu: America Faces a Choice to "Compete in the Clean Energy Race" or "Wave the White Flag" Chu: America Faces a Choice to "Compete in the Clean Energy Race" or "Wave the White Flag" November 3, 2011 - 10:36am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - In his speech to the Washington Post Live Smart Energy Conference today, Secretary of Energy Steven Chu highlighted the choice America faces on whether or not to take advantage of the huge economic opportunity and compete with countries like China in the clean energy race. Excerpts and full text of remarks are below: "Once again, there is a huge opportunity before us - a global clean energy market that is already worth an estimated $240 billion and is growing rapidly. In fact, a very reasonable estimate is that solar

226

Analysis of WRF Model Wind Estimate Sensitivity to Physics Parameterization Choice and Terrain Representation in Andalusia (Southern Spain)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports on an evaluation of the relative roles of choice of parameterization scheme and terrain representation in the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) mesoscale model, in the context of a regional wind resource assessment. As a ...

F. J. Santos-Alamillos; D. Pozo-Vázquez; J. A. Ruiz-Arias; V. Lara-Fanego; J. Tovar-Pescador

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

North Atlantic Simulations with the Hybrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM): Impact of the Vertical Coordinate Choice, Reference Pressure, and Thermobaricity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The viability of a generalized (Hybrid) Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM), together with the importance of thermobaricity and the choice of reference pressure, is demonstrated by analyzing simulations carried out using the World Ocean Circulation ...

Eric P. Chassignet; Linda T. Smith; George R. Halliwell; Rainer Bleck

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

The modeling of mode choices of intercity freight transportation with the artificial neural networks and adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mode choice modeling is probably the most important element of transportation planning. It affects the general efficiency of travel and the allocation of resources. The development of mode choice models has recently witnessed significant advances in ... Keywords: Freight transportation, Fuzzy logic, Hybrid algorithm, Inference system, Mode choices, Neural networks, Neuro-fuzzy

Ahmet Tortum; Nadir Yayla; Mahir Gökda?

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Neighborhood Level Disadvantage, Race/Ethnicity and Infant Mortality in Washington DC.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study examines the effects of neighborhood level disadvantage and individual level characteristics such as race/ethnicity on infant mortality. Social determinants of health theory and… (more)

Amutah, Ndidi N.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Verification and validation of decision support software: Expert Choice{trademark} and PCM{trademark}  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the verification and validation of two decision support programs: EXPERT CHOICE{trademark} and PCM{trademark}. Both programs use the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) -- or pairwise comparison technique -- developed by Dr. Thomas L. Saaty. In order to provide an independent method for the validating the two programs, the pairwise comparison algorithm was developed for a standard mathematical program. A standard data set -- selecting a car to purchase -- was used with each of the three programs for validation. The results show that both commercial programs performed correctly.

Nguyen, Q.H.; Martin, J.D.

1994-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

231

CX-003699: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination Multi-Level Energy Storage and Controls for Large-Scale Wind Energy Integration CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6 Date: 09162010 Location(s): Colorado...

232

CX-000244: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Determination Recovery Act: Multi-level Energy Storage and Controls for Large-scale Wind Energy Integration CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6 Date: 12172009 Location(s): Tennessee...

233

CX-009363: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CX-009363: Categorical Exclusion Determination Development and Test of a 1,000 Level 3C Fiber Optic Borehole Seismic Receiver Array Applied to Carbon Sequestration CX(s) Applied:...

234

CX-009456: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CX-009456: Categorical Exclusion Determination Development and Test of a 1,000 Level 3C Fiber Optic Borehole Seismic Receiver Array Applied to Carbon CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.1...

235

CX-009455: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CX-009455: Categorical Exclusion Determination Development and Test of a 1,000 Level 3C Fiber Optic Borehole Seismic Receiver Array Applied to Carbon CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.1...

236

CX-007739: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination University of Colorado - Boulder - Wafer-Level Sub-Module Integrated DCDC Converter CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6 Date: 11302011 Location(s): Colorado,...

237

Thermostat having simple battery level detection  

SciTech Connect

In a thermostat for controlling HVAC equipment having a battery, the battery having a power level, battery testing means is described, comprising: a time base generator producing a first signal having a frequency substantially independent of the power level; an oscillator producing a second signal having a frequency substantially dependent upon the power level: a comparator connected to the time base generator and the oscillator, the comparator shutting off the HVAC equipment if the first and second signals are not in a pre-determined relationship.

Adams, J.T.

1993-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

238

Public attitudes toward risk tradeoffs in energy policy choices. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The emphasis that will be placed on each of a number of energy policy alternatives will be determined by the tradeoffs among many factors. Important among these factors are public preferences for different levels of power availability and risk to health and safety. Also important in determining support for energy alternatives is public perception of the consequences of those policies. To assess public perception and evaluation of these factors, a number of respondents were selected to answer questions about these issues. Respondents' judgements of the acceptability of thirty-six hypothetical energy policies were analyzed using two complementary methods, discriminant analysis and judgement analysis. The first method is a statistical procedure that examines how well task variables discriminate among groups of respondents. The second method is a procedure which is used to construct models that describe the judgement processes used by respondents. Results of the discriminant analysis showed that differences among respondents' judgements were strongly related to the TECH dimension but only weakly affected by RISK and PA. On the TECH dimension, antinuclear respondents indicated relative acceptance of conservation and solar and relative rejection of nuclear and coal. Although pronuclear respondents showed slightly greater support of nuclear and coal than conservation and solar. The six clusters differed most strongly on nuclear, followed by conservation and solar, then coal. The PA dimension had more effect on the judgements of pronuclear respondents than on the judgements of antinuclear respondents. The analysis of the data indicated that the judgements of pro- and antinuclear respondents were better fit by separate models. The antinuclear respondents placed a slightly greater weight on the more RISK part of the RISK dimension relative to the PA dimension.

Lindell, M.K.; Earle, T.C.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Interactions between fuel choice and energy-efficiency in new homes in the Pacific Northwest  

SciTech Connect

In recent years the Bonneville Power Administration has instituted programs to prompt the implementation of the residential Model Conservation Standards (MCS) issued by the Northwest Power Planning Council (Council) in 1983. These standards provide alternative methods for designing and constructing homes to cost effectively reduce residential energy consumption. Authority exists to apply them only to new, electrically heated homes. Because they apply to electrically heated homes, concerns have arisen about how the standards might affect buyers' decisions to purchase a new home, in particular, their choice of a heating fuel. Early data suggested that electricity started losing market share in Tacoma about when the MCS went into effect in 1984, and recent data have shown that about half of electricity's share of the new home market has shifted to natural gas. This decline in electric heating was consistent with concerns about the possible detrimental effect of the cost of MCS on sales of electrically heated homes. A desire to understand the causes of the perceived decline in electricity's market share was part of the impetus for this study. Multiple techniques and data sources are used in this study to examine the relationship between residential energy-efficiency and fuel choice in the major metropolitan areas in Washington: Spokane, Clark, Pierce, and King Counties. Recent regional surveys have shown that electricity is the predominant space heating fuel in the Pacific Northwest, but it appears to be losing its dominance in some markets such as Tacoma.

Lee, A.D.; Englin, J.E.; Bruneau, C.L.

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Interactions between fuel choice and energy-efficiency in new homes in the Pacific Northwest  

SciTech Connect

In recent years the Bonneville Power Administration has instituted programs to prompt the implementation of the residential Model Conservation Standards (MCS) issued by the Northwest Power Planning Council (Council) in 1983. These standards provide alternative methods for designing and constructing homes to cost effectively reduce residential energy consumption. Authority exists to apply them only to new, electrically heated homes. Because they apply to electrically heated homes, concerns have arisen about how the standards might affect buyers' decisions to purchase a new home, in particular, their choice of a heating fuel. Early data suggested that electricity started losing market share in Tacoma about when the MCS went into effect in 1984, and recent data have shown that about half of electricity's share of the new home market has shifted to natural gas. This decline in electric heating was consistent with concerns about the possible detrimental effect of the cost of MCS on sales of electrically heated homes. A desire to understand the causes of the perceived decline in electricity's market share was part of the impetus for this study. Multiple techniques and data sources are used in this study to examine the relationship between residential energy-efficiency and fuel choice in the major metropolitan areas in Washington: Spokane, Clark, Pierce, and King Counties. Recent regional surveys have shown that electricity is the predominant space heating fuel in the Pacific Northwest, but it appears to be losing its dominance in some markets such as Tacoma.

Lee, A.D.; Englin, J.E.; Bruneau, C.L.

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Crowdsourcing service-level network event monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The user experience for networked applications is becoming a key benchmark for customers and network providers. Perceived user experience is largely determined by the frequency, duration and severity of network events that impact a service. While today's ... Keywords: P2P, anomaly detection, crowdsourcing, service-level network events

David R. Choffnes; Fabián E. Bustamante; Zihui Ge

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Froth height level sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A single sensor, comprised of a tube located near the foaming liquid, and another well away from the first, are used to determine the existence of foam in the vicinity of the probe. Two sensors a known distance apart can be used to locate the froth assuming a uniform froth density. The present invention utilizes the pressure differential existing between process chamber ambient pressure and the froth pressure to determine the existence of a froth and its location. Where froth density is not constant, multiple sensors at differing heights with respect to each other, or a single movable sensor, are used. Information derived using the multiple or movable sensor yields unambiguous froth density and height data.

Glaser, J.W.; Holmes, L.; Upadhye, R.S.; Wilder, J.G.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

243

A REVIEW OF ASSUMPTIONS AND ANALYSIS IN EPRI EA-3409,"HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCE CHOICE: REVISION OF REEPS BEHAVIORAL MODELS"  

SciTech Connect

This paper revises and extends EPRI report EA-3409, ''Household Appliance Choice: Revision of REEPS Behavioral Models.'' That paper reported the results of an econometric study of major appliance choice in new residential construction. Errors appeared in two tables of that report. We offer revised versions of those tables, and a brief analysis of the consequences and significance of the errors. The present paper also proposes several possible extensions and re-specifications of the models examined by EPRI. Some of these are judged to be highly successful; they both satisfy economic intuition more completely than the original specification and produce a better quality fit to the dependent variable. We feel that inclusion of these modifications produces a more useful set of coefficients for economic modeling than the original specification. This paper focuses on EPRI's models of residential space heating technology choice. That choice was modeled as a nested logit structure, with consumers choosing whether to have central air conditioning or not, and, given that choice, what kind of space heating system to have. The model included five space heating alternatives with central cooling (gas, oil, and electric forced-air; heat pumps; and electric baseboard) and eight alternatives without it (gas, oil, and electric forced-air; gas and oil boilers and non-central systems; and electric baseboard heat). The structure of the nested logit model is shown in Figure 1.

Wood, D.J.; Ruderman, H.; McMahon, J. E.

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Emission allowances and utility compliance choices: Market development and regulatory response  

SciTech Connect

This paper will examine the multifaceted goals and problems of states and utilities relative to compliance with Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, and in particular as they pertain to the development and functioning of the allowance market together with utility pollution control and power generation technology choice. Section 2 presents possible utility compliance strategies along with possible barriers that utilities may confront regarding the development of a SO{sub 2} allowance market. Section 3 discusses current regulatory barriers and requirements being implemented by state PUCs, and Section 4 offers some policy recommendations to achieve the goals of Title IV. Finally, Section 5 presents a summary and conclusion; Appendix A provides programs/mandates developed to date by high sulfur coal states in response to Title IV compliance requirements. (VC)

South, D.W.; Bailey, K.A. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); McDermott, K.A. [Illinois State Univ., Normal, IL (United States). Center for Regulatory Studies

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Emission allowances and utility compliance choices: Market development and regulatory response  

SciTech Connect

This paper will examine the multifaceted goals and problems of states and utilities relative to compliance with Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, and in particular as they pertain to the development and functioning of the allowance market together with utility pollution control and power generation technology choice. Section 2 presents possible utility compliance strategies along with possible barriers that utilities may confront regarding the development of a SO{sub 2} allowance market. Section 3 discusses current regulatory barriers and requirements being implemented by state PUCs, and Section 4 offers some policy recommendations to achieve the goals of Title IV. Finally, Section 5 presents a summary and conclusion; Appendix A provides programs/mandates developed to date by high sulfur coal states in response to Title IV compliance requirements. (VC)

South, D.W.; Bailey, K.A. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); McDermott, K.A. (Illinois State Univ., Normal, IL (United States). Center for Regulatory Studies)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Reflections on Monetary Policy Choices in the Open Economy: Implications from an Optimizing Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is to provide some intuition and insight into monetary policy choices faced in the open economy. The approach we pursue is to ‘inspect the mechanism ’ of the two country Clarida, Gali, Gertler (2002) optimizing model by focusing on the three main building blocks that can be derived from it: the ‘open economy ’ IS curve, the open economy Phillips curve, and the open economy Taylor rule. We emphasize the following results that are based open a benchmark specification of the model which assume that the elasticity of intertemporal substitution in consumption is less than 1. First, there will in general be a spillover from foreign output to potential domestic output. Second, there will in general be a spillover from foreign output growth to the domestic neutral real interest rate. Third, we show that a more open economy has a flatter IS curve. Fourth, we show that a more open economy has a flatter Phillips curve. We discuss that a more open economy places a larger weight on inflation stabilization in the appropriately derived quadratic approximation to the social welfare function. Sixth, we review that optimal monetary policy in the open economy can be written as a Taylor rule in the neutral real interest rate and expected domestic inflation. Seventh, we show that in a more open economy the optimal Taylor rule coefficient on expected inflation is smaller than in a more closed economy, so that the central bank needs to lean less against the wind for any given inflation shock. Eighth, while a Taylor rule is one way to write the optimal policy rule, the optimal policy rule can also be written as an augmented Taylor rule that includes the rate of nominal exchange rate depreciation and the home ? foreign growth differential. Ninth, there is a presumption that, under optimal monetary policy, bad news about inflation will be good news for the exchange rate. Reflections on Monetary Policy Choices in the Open Economy:

Richard H. Clarida; Richard H. Clarida

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Universal single point liquid level sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A liquid level detector comprises a thermistor and circuitry for determining electrically if the thermistor is wet or dry and additionally, and continuously, if the thermistor is open or shorted. The voltage across the thermistor is filtered to remove low frequency electrical noise, then compared with a reference low voltage to determine if shorted and to a transition voltage chosen to be between the thermistor's normal wet and dry voltages to determine if the thermistor is wet or dry. The voltage is also compared to the supply voltage using a CMOS gate circuit element to determine if the thermistor is open. The gate passes both faults on to an LED to signal that a fault condition exists or indicates by another LED the wet or dry condition of the thermistor. A pump may be activated through a relay if the thermistor tests wet or dry, as desired.

Kronberg, James W. (353 Church Rd., Beech Island, SC 29842)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Universal single point liquid level sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A liquid level detector comprises a thermistor and circuitry for determining electrically if the thermistor is wet or dry and additionally, and continuously, if the thermistor is open or shorted. The voltage across the thermistor is filtered to remove low frequency electrical noise, then compared with a reference low voltage to determine if shorted and to a transition voltage chosen to be between the thermistor's nominal wet and dry voltages to determine if the thermistor is wet or dry. The voltage is also compared to the supply voltage using a CMOS gate circuit element to determine if the thermistor is open. The gate passes both faults on to an LED to signal that a fault condition exists or indicates by another LED the wet or dry condition of the thermistor. A pump may be activated through a relay if the thermistor tests wet or dry, as desired. 1 fig.

Kronberg, J.W.

1989-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

249

Universal single point liquid level sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A liquid level detector comprises a thermistor and circuitry for determining electrically if the thermistor is wet or dry and additionally, and continuously, if the thermistor is open or shorted. The voltage across the thermistor is filtered to remove low frequency electrical noise, then compared with a reference low voltage to determine if shorted and to a transition voltage chosen to be between the thermistor's normal wet and dry voltages to determine if the thermistor is wet or dry. The voltage is also compared to the supply voltage using a CMOS gate circuit element to determine if the thermistor is open. The gate passes both faults on to an LED to signal that a fault condition exists or indicates by another LED the wet or dry condition of the thermistor. A pump may be activated through a relay if the thermistor tests wet or dry, as desired. 1 figure.

Kronberg, J.W.

1992-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

250

Company Level Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

All Petroleum & Other Liquids Reports All Petroleum & Other Liquids Reports Company Level Imports With Data for September 2013 | Release Date: November 27, 2013 | Next Release Date: December 30, 2013 | XLS Previous Issues Month: September 2013 August 2013 July 2013 June 2013 May 2013 April 2013 March 2013 February 2013 January 2013 prior issues Go September 2013 Import Highlights Monthly data on the origins of crude oil imports in September 2013 has been released and it shows that two countries exported more than 1 million barrels per day to the United States (see table below). The top five exporting countries accounted for 75 percent of United States crude oil imports in September while the top ten sources accounted for approximately 92 percent of all U.S. crude oil imports. The top five sources of US crude

251

Liquid level detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A liquid level detector for conductive liquids for vertical installation in a tank, the detector having a probe positioned within a sheath and insulated therefrom by a seal so that the tip of the probe extends proximate to but not below the lower end of the sheath, the lower end terminating in a rim that is provided with notches, said lower end being tapered, the taper and notches preventing debris collection and bubble formation, said lower end when contacting liquid as it rises will form an airtight cavity defined by the liquid, the interior sheath wall, and the seal, the compression of air in the cavity preventing liquid from further entry into the sheath and contact with the seal. As a result, the liquid cannot deposit a film to form an electrical bridge across the seal.

Tshishiku, Eugene M. (Augusta, GA)

2011-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

252

DOI: 10.1007/s10745-006-9021-5 Farmer Choice of Sorghum Varieties in Southern Mali  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In southern Mali and throughout the semiarid tropics, small-scale family farmers are faced with the challenge of producing adequate harvests in difficult biophysical and socioeconomic environments. Professional plant breeders have had much difficulty developing modern varieties that outperform farmers ’ traditional varieties in these environments, in part because of an incomplete understanding of why farmers choose the varieties they grow. Improved understanding of farmers ’ varietal choices can contribute to collaboration between farmers and formal plant breeders. Based on a 15-month field study in Dissan, Mali, we examine farmer’s choices among their traditional sorghum varieties in terms of one or more than one variety, and short-cycle or long-cycle varieties, and the interaction between these two choices. Results support our general hypothesis that farmers choose varieties to optimize outputs in the face of variation in the growing environment and in human managed inputs such as labor and tools.

Scott M. Lacy; David A. Clevel; Daniela Soleri

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

I understand that the choice I make between the ORP and OPSRP/PERS is a one-time, irrevocable choice that will be effective as long as I am  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I understand that the choice I make between the ORP and OPSRP/PERS is a one-time, irrevocable of Oregon. I currently have an OPSRP / PERS account. (If so, you must also complete and attach a PERS-to-ORP Dateof: Identification: ORP or PERS Election Form Employee Signature Date Human Resources Use Only: Date

Oregon, University of

254

TRANSIENT CONTROL LEVEL PHILOSOPHY AND ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. TRANSIENT CONTROL LEVEL PHILOSOPHY AND IMPLEMENTATION II. Techniques and Equipment for Making TCL Tests ...

2013-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

255

Hydro static water level systems at Fermilab  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several Hydrostatic Water Leveling systems (HLS) are in use at Fermilab. Three systems are used to monitor quadrupoles in the Tevatron and two systems are used to monitor ground motion for potential sites for the International Linear Collider (ILC). All systems use capacitive sensors to determine the water level of water in a pool. These pools are connected with tubing so that relative vertical shifts between sensors can be determined. There are low beta quadrupoles at the B0 and D0 interaction regions of Tevatron accelerator. These quadrupoles use BINP designed and built sensors and have a resolution of 1 micron. All regular lattice superconducting quadrupoles (a total of 204) in the Tevatron use a Fermilab designed system and have a resolution of 6 microns. Data on quadrupole motion due to quenches, changes in temperature will be presented. In addition data for ground motion for ILC studies caused by natural and cultural factors will be presented.

Volk, J.T.; Guerra, J.A.; Hansen, S.U.; Kiper, T.E.; Jostlein, H.; Shiltsev, V.; /Fermilab; Chupyra, A.; Kondaurov, M.; Singatulin, S.; /Novosibirsk, IYF

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Habitat choice of juvenile coastal cod : the role of macroalgae habitats for juvenile coastal cod (Gadus morhua L.) in Porsangerfjorden and Ullsfjorden in Northern Norway .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Habitat choice of small juvenile coastal cod (Gadus morhua L. 1758) was investigated in a field study in Porsangerfjorden and Ullsfjorden in Northern Norway. A… (more)

Michaelsen, Christer

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Using Information Technology to Reduce a Health Risk| Effect of a Mercury Calculator on Consumer Fish Choices and Test of a Model for Technology Acceptance by Fish Consumers.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Research indicates consumers lack adequate information about the mercury content of fish to make informed choices about eating fish. Information technology can be used… (more)

Wallace, Sharon D.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Career counseling as an environmental support: Exploring influences on career choice, career decision-making self-efficacy, and career barriers.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study was motivated by concerns regarding the difficult academic and career choices facing today’s college students as they navigate higher education and encounter career… (more)

Makela, Julia P.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Independence and interdependence in the nest-site choice by honeybee swarms: agent-based models, analytical approaches and pattern formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a recent paper List, Elsholtz and Seeley [Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. B. 364 (2009) 755] have devised an agent-based model of the the nest-choice dynamics in swarms of honeybees, and have concluded that both interdependence and independence are needed for the bees to reach a consensus on the best nest site. We here present a simplified version of the model which can be treated analytically with the tools of statistical physics and which largely has the same features as the original dynamics. Based on our analytical approaches it is possible to characterize the co-ordination outcome exactly on the deterministic level, and to a good approximation if stochastic effects are taken into account, reducing the need for computer simulations on the agent-based level. In the second part of the paper we present a spatial extension, and show that transient non-trivial patterns emerge, before consensus is reached. Approaches in terms of Langevin equations for continuous field variables are discussed.

Galla, Tobias

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Investment Timing and Capacity Choice for Small-Scale Wind Power Under Uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

E. S. Schwartz, Electricity prices and power derivatives –is a thresh- old level of electricity prices at which theinformation about electricity prices equals the marginal net

Fleten, Stein-Erik; Maribu, Karl Magnus

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Variation in Estimated Ozone-Related Health Impacts of Climate Change due to Modeling Choices and Assumptions  

SciTech Connect

Future climate change may cause air quality degradation via climate-induced changes in meteorology, atmospheric chemistry, and emissions into the air. Few studies have explicitly modeled the potential relationships between climate change, air quality, and human health, and fewer still have investigated the sensitivity of estimates to the underlying modeling choices.

Post, Ellen S.; Grambsch, A.; Weaver, C. P.; Morefield, Philip; Huang, Jin; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Nolte, Christopher G.; Adams, P. J.; Liang, Xin-Zhong; Zhu, J.; Mahoney, Hardee

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Energy-Smart Building Choices: How Parents and Teachers Are Helping to Create Better Environments for Learning (Revision)  

SciTech Connect

School districts around the country are finding that smart energy choices can help them save money and provide healthier, more effective learning environments. By incorporating energy improvements into their construction or renovation plans, schools can significantly reduce their energy consumption and costs. These savings can then be redirected to educational needs such as additional teachers, instructional materials, or new computers.

Not Available

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

CX-008965: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Model Complexity and Choice of Model Approaches for Practical Simulations of Carbon Dioxide Injection... CX(s) Applied: A1, A9 Date: 08/03/2012 Location(s): New Jersey, New Jersey Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory

264

Draft General Conformity Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

I I Draft General Conformity Determination U.S. Department of the Interior Minerals Management Service MMS Cape Wind Energy Project January 2009 Final EIS Appendix I Draft General Conformity Determination Draft General Conformity Determination Cape Wind Energy Project Prepared by Minerals Management Service Herndon, VA November 2008 i TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.0 INTRODUCTION TO THE PROPOSED ACTION............................................................... 1 2.0 GENERAL CONFORMITY REGULATORY BACKGROUND .......................................... 2 2.1 GENERAL CONFORMITY REQUIREMENTS.................................................................... 2 2.2 GENERAL CONFORMITY APPLICABILITY.....................................................................

265

Energy, environment, and policy choices: Summer institutes for science and social studies educators  

SciTech Connect

The Center for Energy Education (CEE) is a partnership linking the University of Oklahoma, Close Up Foundation and Department of Energy. Based upon the theme of energy, environment and public policy, the CEE`s main purposes are to: (1) educate teachers on energy sources, environmental issues and decisionmaking choices regarding public policy; (2) develop interdisciplinary curricula that are interactive in nature (see attachments); (3) disseminate energy education curricula; (4) serve as a resource center for a wide variety of energy education materials; (5) provide a national support system for teachers in energy education; and (6) conduct research in energy education. The CEE conducted its first two-week experimentially-based program for educators during the summer of 1993. Beginning at the University of Oklahoma, 57 teachers from across the country examined concepts and issues related to energy and environment, and how the interdependence of energy and environment significantly influences daily life. During the second week of the institute, participants went to Washington, D.C. to examine the processes used by government officials to make critical decisions involving interrelationships among energy, environment and public policy. Similar institutes were conducted during the summers of 1994 and 1995 resulting in nearly 160 science and social studies educators who had participated in the CEE programs. Collectively the participants represented 36 states, the Pacific Territories, Puerto Rico, and Japan.

Marek, E.A.; Chiodo, J.J.; Gerber, B.L.

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Agent-Based Model of Price Competition, Capacity Choice, and Product Differentiation on Congested Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using consistent agent-based techniques, this research models the decision-making processes of users and infrastructure owner/operators to explore the welfare consequence of price competition, capacity choice, and product differentiation on congested transportation networks. Component models include: (1) An agent-based travel demand model wherein each traveler has learning capabilities and unique characteristics (e.g. value of time); (2) Econometric facility provision cost models; and (3) Representations of road authorities making pricing and capacity decisions. Different from small-network equilibrium models in prior literature, this agent-based model is applicable to pricing and investment analyses on large complex networks. The subsequent economic analysis focuses on the source, evolution, measurement, and impact of product differentiation with heterogeneous users on a mixed ownership network (with tolled and untolled roads). Two types of product differentiation in the presence of toll roads, path differentiation and space differentiation, are defined and measured for a base case and several variants with different types of price and capacity competition and with various degrees of user

Lei Zhang; David Levinson

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Doppler cooling three-electronic-level molecules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analogous to the extension of laser cooling techniques from two-level to three-level atoms, Doppler cooling of molecules with an intermediate electronic state is considered. In particular, we use a rate-equation approach to simulate cooling of SiO+, in which population buildup in the intermediate state is prevented by its short lifetime. We determine that Doppler cooling of SiO+ can be accomplished without optically repumping from the intermediate state, at the cost of causing undesirable parity flips and rotational diffusion. Since the necessary repumping would require a large number of continuous-wave lasers, optical pulse shaping of a femtosecond laser is proposed as an attractive alternative. Other candidate three-electron-level molecules are also discussed.

Nguyen, J H V

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Water borne transport of high level nuclear waste in very deep borehole disposal of high level nuclear waste  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to examine the feasibility of the very deep borehole experiment and to determine if it is a reasonable method of storing high level nuclear waste for an extended period of time. The objective ...

Cabeche, Dion Tunick

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Environmental Management...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Environmental Management Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Environmental Management Categorical Exclusion Determinations issued by Environmental Management. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE...

270

A fuzzy-based approach for strategic choices in electric energy supply. The case of a Swiss power provider on the eve of electricity market opening  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Risk evaluation and strategic choice has become very complex for power providers, because of the growing number of uncertain parameters involved, such as energy market prices, water inflow, and demand. The lack of information and the absence of the decision ... Keywords: Electricity markets, Fuzzy sets theory, Strategic choices

Gustave Nguene Nguene; Matthias Finger

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Herd-level Risk Factors Associated with Antimicrobial Susceptibility Patterns and Distributions in Fecal Bacteria of Porcine Origin.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this dissertation is threefold: to determine the differences in apparent prevalence and the antimicrobial susceptibility of Campylobacter spp. between antimicrobial-free and conventional swine farms; secondly, to introduce an appropriate statistical model to compare the minimum inhibitory concentration distributions of Escherichia coli and Campylobacter spp. isolated from both farm types; and thirdly, to examine the potential herd level risk factors that may be associated with antimicrobial resistance of Campylobacter spp. and E. coli isolates from finishers on antimicrobial-free and conventional farming systems. In addition, a critical review of studies that have compared the levels and patterns of antimicrobial resistance among animals from antimicrobial-free and conventional farming practices was performed. Fecal samples from 15 pigs were collected from each of 35 antimicrobial-free and 60 conventional farms in the Midwestern U.S. Campylobacter spp. was isolated from 464 of 1,422 fecal samples, and each isolate was tested for susceptibility to 6 antimicrobials. The apparent prevalence of Campylobacter spp. isolates was approximately 33 percent on both conventional and antimicrobial-free farms. The proportion of antimicrobial resistance among Campylobacter was higher for three antimicrobials within conventional compared to antimicrobial-free farms. The susceptibilities of populations of bacteria to antimicrobial drugs were summarized as minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) frequency distributions. The use of MIC values removed the subjectivity associated with the choice of breakpoints which define an isolate as susceptible or resistant. A discrete-time survival analysis model was introduced as the recommended statistical model when MICs are the outcome. A questionnaire was completed by each farm manager on biosecurity, preventive medication, vaccines, disease history, and production management. Multivariable population-averaged statistical models were used to determine the relationships among antimicrobial susceptibility patterns and potential herd-level risk factors. Controlling for herd type (antimicrobial-free versus conventional), each antimicrobial-bacterial species combination yielded unique combinations of risk factors; however, housing type, history of rhinitis, farm ventilation, and history of swine flu were significant in more than one model. A variety of herd-level practices were associated with the prevalence of antimicrobial resistance on swine farms. Further studies are encouraged when considering interventions for antimicrobial resistance on both antimicrobial-free and conventional farms.

Rollo, Susan Noble

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Valuing modularity Choice of nuclear power investments under price uncertainty: Valuing modularity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: We consider the choice problem faced by a firm in the electricity sector which holds two investment projects. The first project is an irreversible investment in a large nuclear power plant. The second project consists in building a flexible sequence of smaller, modular, nuclear power plants on the same site. In other words, we compare the benefit of the large power plant project coming from increasing returns to scale, to the benefit of the modular project due to its reduced risk (flexibility). We use the theory of real options to measure the value of the option to invest in the successive modules, under price uncertainty. From this theory, it is well-known that risk-neutral entrepreneurs will decide to invest only if the market price of electricity exceeds the cost of electricity by a positive margin which is an increasing function of the market risk. In particular, this margin is larger for the irreversible investment than for the modular project. This is because the investment process in the modular project can be interrupted at any time when the market conditions deteriorate, thereby limiting the potential loss of the investor. We consider in particular an environment where the discount rate is 8 % and volatility of the market price of electricity equals 20 % per year. The modular project consists in four units of 300 MWe each, and in which 40 % of the total overnight cost is borne by the first module. We show that the benefit of modularity is equivalent in terms of profitability to a reduction of the cost of electricity by one-thousand of a euro per kWh.- 2-Valuing modularity

Christian Gollier; David Proult; Françoise Thais; Gilles Walgenwitz

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Temperature determination using pyrometry  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for determining the temperature of a surface upon which a coating is grown using optical pyrometry by correcting Kirchhoff's law for errors in the emissivity or reflectance measurements associated with the growth of the coating and subsequent changes in the surface thermal emission and heat transfer characteristics. By a calibration process that can be carried out in situ in the chamber where the coating process occurs, an error calibration parameter can be determined that allows more precise determination of the temperature of the surface using optical pyrometry systems. The calibration process needs only to be carried out when the physical characteristics of the coating chamber change.

Breiland, William G. (Albuquerque, NM); Gurary, Alexander I. (Bridgewater, NJ); Boguslavskiy, Vadim (Princeton, NJ)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Tehcnology Choices for New Entrants in Liberalised Markets: The Value of Operating Flexibility and Contractual Arrangements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of decommissioning and nuclear waste treatment. When operating flexibility is not taken into account, the three plants are assumed to operate base-load with an average annual capacity utilization factor of 85% (the capacity factor is endogenously determined...

Roques, Fabien A

275

Determinants of Sourcing During Technology Growth and Maturity: An Empirical Study of e-Commerce Sourcing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper conducts a two-period dynamic analysis of sourcing mode choices for e-commerce projects implemented by large firms during 1999-2002. We differentiate e-commerce assets that are the focus of a sourcing decision in terms of whether they are ... Keywords: Asset Life Cycle, Content Analysis, E-Commerce Projects, E-Commerce Sourcing, Governance Forms, Project Strategic Intent, Project Task Complexity, Sourcing Determinants, Sourcing Modes, Technology Growth Phase

Rajiv Kishore; Manish Agrawal; H. Raghav Rao

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Interim Action Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interim Action Determination Interim Action Determination Processing of Plutonium Materials from the DOE Standard 3013 Surveillance Program in H-Canyon at the Savannah River Site The Department of Energy (DOE) is preparing the Surplus Plutonium Disposition Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement (SPD SEIS, DOE/EIS-0283-S2). DOE is evaluating alternatives for disposition of non-pit plutonium that is surplus to the national

277

Solids mass flow determination  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Method and apparatus for determining the mass flow rate of solids mixed with a transport fluid to form a flowing mixture. A temperature differential is established between the solids and fluid. The temperature of the transport fluid prior to mixing, the temperature of the solids prior to mixing, and the equilibrium temperature of the mixture are monitored and correlated in a heat balance with the heat capacities of the solids and fluid to determine the solids mass flow rate.

Macko, Joseph E. (Hempfield Township, Westmoreland County, PA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Energy-Smart Building Choices: How School Administrators and Board Members Are Improving Learning and Saving Money (Revision)  

SciTech Connect

Most school administrators and board members today must perform a tough juggling act. You're challenged to fulfill increasingly complex educational missions, meet rising community expectations, and serve growing student populations all with constrained operating budgets. As districts consider renovating their facilities or building new schools, many have found that smart energy choices can have lasting benefits for their schools, their communities, and the environment.

Not Available

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Disposal of low-level and low-level mixed waste: audit report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Department of Energy (Department) is faced with the legacy of thousands of contaminated areas and buildings and large volumes of `backlog` waste requiring disposal. Waste management and environmental restoration activities have become central to the Department`s mission. One of the Department`s priorities is to clean up former nuclear weapons sites and find more effective and timely methods for disposing of nuclear waste. This audit focused on determining if the Department was disposing of low-level and low-level mixed waste in the most cost-effective manner.

NONE

1998-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

280

sea level | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

sea level sea level Dataset Summary Description This dataset, made available by the UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC), shows sea level rise for the period as early as 1834 through 2008 for the following UK sites: Aberdeen, Liverpool, Newlyn, North Shields, and Sheerness. Data is from the Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory. Earliest year of available data varies by site, beginning between 1834 and 1916. Source UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) Date Released March 12th, 2010 (4 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords climate change sea level UK Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon 1 Excel file: Sea level rise (UK) (xls, 280.6 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment (Does not have "National Statistics" status)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Source choice in agricultural news coverage: impacts of reporter specialization and newspaper location, ownership, and circulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study examined coverage of the December 2003 bovine spongiform encephalopathy event to discover reporters’ sources for breaking agricultural news, the impact of reporter specialization on source choices, and the impact of newspaper differences, including location, circulation, and ownership, on coverage. Quantitative content analysis was performed on 62 stories selected through a keyword search for the period December 23, 2003 through October 31, 2004 from U.S. newspapers included in the LexisNexis database. These stories were divided into two equal groups based on reporter work-role identity and were analyzed by length, number of sources, and source variety, and by location, circulation, and ownership of the newspapers in which they appeared. ANOVA, bivariate correlation, and forced entry regression were statistical techniques used. Results indicated numbers of stories, story length, and numbers of sources per story appear related to newspaper location, and use of scientists and agricultural scientists as sources to be correlated with type of newspaper. Newspaper circulation and ownership type were found to explain a statistically significant amount of variance in number of sources used. No statistically significant differences between mean length or mean number of sources used were found between stories written by science-specialty beat reporters and those written by reporters not assigned to such beats, contradicting previous research. However, while mean overall source variety did not differ between the two reporters groups, work-role identity was found to be correlated with use of scientists and agricultural scientists as sources. Extrapolation from this study suggests it is open to question whether (a) reporters would be well-advised to pursue courses of study or to seek additional training to build defined areas of expertise, better equipping themselves to cover more complex issues; (b) editors should seek candidates with such special training and structure their newsroom routines to accommodate specialty reporters when considering adding employees to their reporting staffs; and (c) universities should offer journalism curricula that facilitate both acquisition of basic reporting skills and registration for substantive electives which build subject-matter knowledge. Answers to these questions should be actively pursued, since they may shape the future of journalism education and practice.

White, Judith McIntosh

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

" Level: National Data and Regional...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 Capability to Switch Coal to Alternative Energy Sources, 2006; " " Level: National Data and Regional Totals;" " Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments and Employment Sizes;" "...

283

" Level: National Data and Regional...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 Capability to Switch Electricity to Alternative Energy Sources, 2002; " " Level: National Data and Regional Totals;" " Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments and Employment Sizes;"...

284

" Level: National Data and Regional...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 Capability to Switch Coal to Alternative Energy Sources, 2002; " " Level: National Data and Regional Totals;" " Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments and Employment Sizes;" "...

285

Determining age of whales  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Determining age of whales Determining age of whales Name: Bruce W Walkey Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: While browsing through the Internet, I came upon a question by two fifth grade students. Their question got me thinking and now I pose it to you. How can you determine the age of whales? Since they are mammals, can the methods that are used on humans be used on whales? What are some tests that can be done on bones or tissues to determine age? Looking forward to your reply. Replies: Although it is difficult to determine the age of whales (unless they are born in captivity and we know their birth date), several methods have been commonly used: 1) (if female) the examination of the ovaries 2) Examination of the ridges on baleen, which are not uniform in size and analogous to tree rings. The problem with this is that baleen wears away over time. 3) Studying layers of ossification in an ear bone is probably the most accurate method of aging, since internal bones don't wear away. The biggest problem with aging methods is that they usually require that you are dissecting the animal, and often, we would like a method of aging for live active animals. The best we can do here is to compare the size and markings of whales of known age to those found in the wild. Great question!

286

HEU age determination  

SciTech Connect

A new technique has been developed to determine the age of highly enriched uranium (HEU) in solids. Uranium age is defined as the time since the uranium-containing material was last subjected to a process capable of separating uranium from its radioactive-decay daughters. [Most chemical processing, uranium enrichment, volatilization processes, and phase transformations (especially relevant for uranium hexafluoride) can result in separation of the uranium parent material from the decay-product daughters.] Determination of the uranium age, as defined here, may be relevant in verifying arms-control agreements involving uranium-containing nuclear weapons. The HEU age is determined from the ratios of relevant uranium daughter isotopes and their parents, viz {sup 230}Th/{sup 234}U and {sup 231}Pa/{sup 235}U. Uranium isotopes are quantitatively measured by their characteristic gamma rays and their daughters by alpha spectroscopy. In some of the samples, where HEU is enriched more than 99%, the only mode of HEU age determination is by the measurement of {sup 231}Pa since there is negligible quantity of {sup 230}Th due to very low atom concentrations of {sup 234}U in the samples. In this report the methodology and the data for determining the age of two HEU samples are presented.

Moorthy, A.R.; Kato, W.Y.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Determination of antineutrino spectra from nuclear reactors  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we study the effect of well-known higher-order corrections to the allowed {beta}-decay spectrum on the determination of antineutrino spectra resulting from the decays of fission fragments. In particular, we try to estimate the associated theory errors and find that induced currents like weak magnetism may ultimately limit our ability to improve the current accuracy and under certain circumstance could even greatly increase the theoretical errors. We also perform a critical evaluation of the errors associated with our method to extract the antineutrino spectrum using synthetic {beta} spectra. It turns out that a fit using only virtual {beta} branches with a judicious choice of the effective nuclear charge provides results with a minimal bias. We apply this method to actual data for {sup 235}U, {sup 239}Pu, and {sup 241}Pu and confirm, within errors, recent results, which indicate a net 3% upward shift in energy-averaged antineutrino fluxes. However, we also find significant shape differences which can, in principle, be tested by high-statistics antineutrino data samples.

Huber, Patrick [Center for Neutrino Physics, Department of Physics, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061 (United States)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

288

RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Categorical Exclusion for erosion repair and cactus relocation along the existing Tucson-Apache 11S-kV transmission line in Pima County, Arizona RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION A. Proposed Action: Western proposes to construct a new access road along the existing Tucson-Apache 11S-kV transmission line within the existing right-of-way and to repair erosion damage at transmission line structures. Access road construction will consist of stripping, clearing and removing vegetation and blading and leveling to create a road within the existing right-of-way between structures 24/7-2S/2 & 2S/3- 26/S. We will be installing two gates to limit right-of-way access from Houghton Road. We will be creating reinforced embankments through the placement of

289

RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

maintenance and avian nesting removal maintenance and avian nesting removal between structures 180/1 & 188/2 of the existing Mead-Perkins 500-kV transmission line in Maricopa County, Arizona. RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION A. Proposed Action: Western proposes to conduct access road maintenance between structures 180/1 & 188/2 of the existing Mead-Perkins 500-kV transmission line. This will consist of blading and leveling out areas of the existing access road using dozers, bucket trucks, crew trucks and pickup trucks. This work is needed to facilitate avian nest removal at structures 180/1, 182/2, 186/2 & 188/2. This work is necessary to maintain the safety and reliability of the bulk electrical system. The attached A1ap shows the project areas are situated within Sections 13 & 24

290

Transient Control Level Test Generators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... final determination should be made by direct measurement at ... by the regulation of the generator, must be ... of the timing circuit used to drive the relay ...

2013-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

291

Mixed low-level waste form evaluation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A scoping level evaluation of polyethylene encapsulation and vitreous waste forms for safe storage of mixed low-level waste was performed. Maximum permissible radionuclide concentrations were estimated for 15 indicator radionuclides disposed of at the Hanford and Savannah River sites with respect to protection of the groundwater and inadvertent intruder pathways. Nominal performance improvements of polyethylene and glass waste forms relative to grout are reported. These improvements in maximum permissible radionuclide concentrations depend strongly on the radionuclide of concern and pathway. Recommendations for future research include improving the current understanding of the performance of polymer waste forms, particularly macroencapsulation. To provide context to these estimates, the concentrations of radionuclides in treated DOE waste should be compared with the results of this study to determine required performance.

Pohl, P.I.; Cheng, Wu-Ching; Wheeler, T.; Waters, R.D.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Electronic multi-purpose material level sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present electronic multi-purpose material level sensor is based on time domain reflectometry (TDR) of very short electrical pulses. Pulses are propagated along a transmission line that is partially immersed in a liquid, powder, or other substance such as grain in a silo. The time difference of the reflections at the start of the transmission line and the air/liquid interface are used to determine levels to better than 0.01 inch. The sensor is essentially independent of circuit element and temperature variations, and can be mass produced at an extremely low price. The transmission line may be a Goubau line, microstrip, coaxial cable, twin lead, CPS or CPW, and may typically be a strip placed along the inside wall of a tank. The reflected pulses also contain information about strata within the liquid such as sludge-build-up at the bottom of an oil tank.

McEwan, Thomas E. (Livermore, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Electronic multi-purpose material level sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present electronic multi-purpose material level sensor is based on time domain reflectometry (TDR) of very short electrical pulses. Pulses are propagated along a transmission line that is partially immersed in a liquid, powder, or other substance such as grain in a silo. The time difference of the reflections at the start of the transmission line and the air/liquid interface are used to determine levels to better than 0.01 inch. The sensor is essentially independent of circuit element and temperature variations, and can be mass produced at an extremely low price. The transmission line may be a Goubau line, microstrip, coaxial cable, twin lead, CPS or CPW, and may typically be a strip placed along the inside wall of a tank. The reflected pulses also contain information about strata within the liquid such as sludge-build-up at the bottom of an oil tank. 9 figs.

McEwan, T.E.

1997-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

294

HEU age determination  

SciTech Connect

A technique has been developed to determine the Highly Enriched Uranium (HEU) Age which is defined as the time since the HEU was produced in an enrichment process. The HEU age is determined from the ratios of relevant uranium parents and their daughters viz {sup 230}Th/{sup 234}U and {sup 231}Pa/{sup 235}U. Uranium isotopes are quantitatively measured by their characteristic gammas and their daughters by alpha spectroscopy. In some of the samples where HEU is enriched more than 99%, the only mode of HEU age determination is by the measurement of {sup 231}Pa since there is negligible quantity of {sup 230}Th due to very low atom concentrations of {sup 234}U in the sample. In this paper we have presented data and methodology of finding the age of two HEU samples.

Moorthy, A.R.; Kato, W.Y.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Determining Reactor Neutrino Flux  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Flux is an important source of uncertainties for a reactor neutrino experiment. It is determined from thermal power measurements, reactor core simulation, and knowledge of neutrino spectra of fuel isotopes. Past reactor neutrino experiments have determined the flux to (2-3)% precision. Precision measurements of mixing angle $\\theta_{13}$ by reactor neutrino experiments in the coming years will use near-far detector configurations. Most uncertainties from reactor will be canceled out. Understanding of the correlation of uncertainties is required for $\\theta_{13}$ experiments. Precise determination of reactor neutrino flux will also improve the sensitivity of the non-proliferation monitoring and future reactor experiments. We will discuss the flux calculation and recent progresses.

Cao, Jun

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Determining Reactor Neutrino Flux  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Flux is an important source of uncertainties for a reactor neutrino experiment. It is determined from thermal power measurements, reactor core simulation, and knowledge of neutrino spectra of fuel isotopes. Past reactor neutrino experiments have determined the flux to (2-3)% precision. Precision measurements of mixing angle $\\theta_{13}$ by reactor neutrino experiments in the coming years will use near-far detector configurations. Most uncertainties from reactor will be canceled out. Understanding of the correlation of uncertainties is required for $\\theta_{13}$ experiments. Precise determination of reactor neutrino flux will also improve the sensitivity of the non-proliferation monitoring and future reactor experiments. We will discuss the flux calculation and recent progresses.

Jun Cao

2011-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

297

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Environmental Management...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Consolidated Business Service Center Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Environmental Management Consolidated Business Service Center Categorical Exclusion Determinations issued...

298

Design patterns in FPS levels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Level designers create gameplay through geometry, AI scripting, and item placement. There is little formal understanding of this process, but rather a large body of design lore and rules of thumb. As a result, there is no accepted common language for ... Keywords: design patterns, game design, level design

Kenneth Hullett; Jim Whitehead

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Characteristic Patterns of Variability of Sea Level Pressure in the Northern Hemisphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Seasonal and annual mean sea level pressures for the Northern Hemisphere have been analyzed to determine the dominant modes of interannual and longer period variability using monthly sea level pressure analyses as revised by Trenberth and Paolino ...

Kevin E. Trenberth; Daniel A. Paolino Jr.

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Low level TOC measurement method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for the determination of total organic carbon in an aqueous sample by trapping the organic matter on a sorbent which is carbon free and analyzing the sorbent by combustion and determination of total CO.sub.2 by IR.

Ekechukwu, Amy A. (Augusta, GA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Utah | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

April 23, 2010 April 23, 2010 CX-001971: Categorical Exclusion Determination Roy Energy Efficiency Retrofits CX(s) Applied: A11, B5.1 Date: 04/23/2010 Location(s): Roy, Utah Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy April 23, 2010 CX-001645: Categorical Exclusion Determination Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Infrastructure Upgrade Project CX(s) Applied: A1, A9 Date: 04/23/2010 Location(s): Salt Lake City, Utah Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory April 22, 2010 CX-002100: Categorical Exclusion Determination Utah-City-Sandy CX(s) Applied: A1, A9, A11, B2.5, B5.1 Date: 04/22/2010 Location(s): Sandy, Utah Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy April 20, 2010 CX-001805: Categorical Exclusion Determination Topic A: Western Interconnection-Level Analysis and Planning

302

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Idaho Operations Office | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

May 22, 2012 May 22, 2012 CX-008744: Categorical Exclusion Determination Implementation of a Low-Level Gamma-Ray Counting Facility - University of Texas at Austin CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 05/22/2012 Location(s): Idaho Offices(s): Idaho Operations Office May 22, 2012 CX-008738: Categorical Exclusion Determination Determination of Microstructure and Chemical State Changes in Ion-Irradiated Fuels and Structural Components with a High Kinetic Energy Electron Detector - Illinois Institute of Technology CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 05/22/2012 Location(s): Idaho Offices(s): Idaho Operations Office May 22, 2012 CX-008737: Categorical Exclusion Determination Building Calorimetric and Thermogravimetric Analytical Instrumentation Capability at Oregon State University CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 05/22/2012

303

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Texas | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

April 30, 2013 April 30, 2013 CX-010299: Categorical Exclusion Determination A 1,000 Level Drill Pipe Deployed Fiber Optic 3C Receiver Array for Deep Boreholes CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6 Date: 04/30/2013 Location(s): Texas Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory April 29, 2013 CX-010170: Categorical Exclusion Determination ChargePoint America CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B5.1, B5.23 Date: 04/29/2013 Location(s): Texas Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory April 17, 2013 CX-010188: Categorical Exclusion Determination Field Demonstration of a Novel Eco-Friendly Production Enhancement Process CX(s) Applied: B3.11 Date: 04/17/2013 Location(s): Texas Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory April 16, 2013 CX-010402: Categorical Exclusion Determination Purchase of Big Hill Control Valve Assembly

304

Potential impact of consumer choice on cogenerator's short-run price and output decisions  

SciTech Connect

Conditions were derived under which optimal price-output combinations can be determined for a profit-maximizing cogenerator faced with a demand constraint for useful energy. Four cases were considered. In two cases, all energy produced was sold to the end-use market and, in the other two, some electricity was sold to the grid. The effects of price regulation on energy output were also covered. In the short-run, in all four cases, whether or not the necessary conditions for Pareto optimality are satisfied is problematic. If the cogenerator monopolizes alternative supplies of energy, price regulation will not necessarily reduce energy expenditures. The short-term effects of constrained energy demand can only be determined with a knowledge of the cost and demand functions of thermal energy and electricity.

Poyer, D.A.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Categorical Exclusion (CX) Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

North Oakes tap of the Edgeley to Forman 69 kV line North Oakes tap of the Edgeley to Forman 69 kV line Description of Proposed Action: Central Power Electric Cooperative is proposing to tap into the Western Area Power Administration (Western) Edgeley to Forman 69 kV transmission line with a new substation to meet load growth in the Southeastern North Dakota area. Number and Title of Categorical Exclusions Being Applied: 10 CFR 1021.410 Subpart D, Appendix B, B4.11: Construction of electric power substations ... or modification of existing substations and support facilities. Regulatory Requirements for CX Determination: The DOE Guidelines for Compliance with the Regulatory Requirements for the National Environmental Policy Act at 10 CFR 1021.410(b), require the following determinations be made in order for a proposed action to be categorically

306

Categorical Exclusion (CX) Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Circle substation expansion Circle substation expansion Description of Proposed Action: Expansion of the Circle substation approximately 4 acres to the south for the purpose of adding additional bays for the Keystone XL pipeline project. Number and Title of Categorical Exclusions Being Applied: 10 CFR 1021.410 Subpart D, Appendix B, B4.11: Construction of electric power substations ... or modification of existing substations and support facilities. Regulatory Requirements for CX Determination: The DOE Guidelines for Compliance with the Regulatory Requirements for the National Environmental Policy Act at 10 CFR 1021.410(b), require the following determinations be made in order for a proposed action to be categorically excluded from National Environmentally Policy Act (NEPA) review:

307

Categorical Exclusion (CX) Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Addition of a new substation near Lake Bowdoin, MT. Addition of a new substation near Lake Bowdoin, MT. Description of Proposed Action: Addition of a new substation near Lake Bowdoin on Western's Fort Peck to Havre 161 k V transmission line for the purpose of providing power for a Keystone XL pipeline project pump station. Number and Title of Categorical Exclusions Being Applied: 10 CFR 1021.410 Subpart D, Appendix B, B4.11: Construction of electric power substations ... or modification of existing substations and support facilities. Regulatory Requirements for CX Determination: The DOE Guidelines for Compliance with the Regulatory Requirements for the National Environmental Policy Act at 10 CFR 1021.41 O(b), require the following determinations be made in order for a proposed action to be categorically

308

Company Level Imports Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Company Level Imports Explanatory Notes Company Level Imports Explanatory Notes Notice: Ongoing analysis of imports data to the Energy Information Administration reveals that some imports are not correctly reported on Form EIA-814 "Monthly Imports Report". Contact with the companies provides sufficient information for EIA to include these imports in the data even though they have not provided complete reports on Form EIA-814. Estimates are included in aggregate data, but the estimates are not included in the file of Company-Level Imports. Therefore, summation of volumes for PAD Districts 1-5 from the Company-Level Imports will not equal aggregate import totals. Explanation of Codes Used in Imports Database Files SURVEY_ID EIA-814 Survey Form Number for Collecting Petroleum Import Statistics

309

Instrumented architectural level emulation technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The advent of general purpose emulators as tools for computer architecture research and system development is briefly traced. The concepts of an architectural level emulation and of instrumenting an emulation are introduced. An operational emulation-based ...

Harrison R. Burris

1977-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

A Kaleidoscope of Understanding: Comparing Real with Random Data, Using Binary-Choice Items, to Study Preservice Elementary Teachers’ Knowledge of Climate Change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors used a 59-item survey to probe the understanding of climate change by 89 Ontario preservice teachers. The study investigated the usefulness of comparing real survey data from closed, binary choice items, with randomly generated data. ...

Douglas Hayhoe; Shawn Bullock; Katharine Hayhoe

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Don't Work, Work at Home, or Commute? Discrete Choice Models of the Decision for San Francisco Bay Area Residents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Don’t Work, Work at Home, or Commute? Discrete Choice ModelsA. R. (1997) The Time Bind: When Work Becomes Homeand Home Becomes Work. New York: Metropolitan Books. Ho, C.

Ory, David T.; Mokhtarian, Patricia L.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Defining, Measuring, and Evaluating Path Walkability, and Testing Its Impacts on Transit Users’ Mode Choice and Walking Distance to the Station  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Light-Rail Transit Stations” Transportation Research Record,Rail Station Consolidation on Pedestrian Access. ” Transportation ResearchResearch on Transit Access Mode Choice With the growing importance of urban rail

Park, Sungjin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Low Level Heat Recovery Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With today's high fuel prices, energy conservation projects to utilize low level waste heat have become more attractive. Exxon Chemical Company Central Engineering has been developing guidelines and assessing the potential for application of low level heat recovery technology. This paper discusses heat distribution systems, latest developments in absorption refrigeration and organic Rankine cycles, and pressure, minimization possibilities. The relative merits and economics of the various possibilities and some guidelines on when they should be considered will be presented.

O'Brien, W. J.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Low Level Radioactive Waste Authority (Michigan) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Low Level Radioactive Waste Authority (Michigan) Low Level Radioactive Waste Authority (Michigan) Low Level Radioactive Waste Authority (Michigan) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Program Info State Michigan Program Type Safety and Operational Guidelines Provider Department of Environmental Quality Federal laws passed in 1980 and 1985 made each state responsible for the low-level radioactive waste produced within its borders. Act 204 of 1987 created the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Authority (LLRWA) to fulfill state responsibilities under federal law for managing and assuring disposal capacity for the low-level radioactive waste produced in Michigan. The LLRWA began a facility siting process in 1989 under the statutory limits of Act 204. The LLRWA eventually determined that it was impossible to find a

315

Three-Dimensional Wind Field Analysis from Dual-Doppler Radar Data. Part III: The Boundary Condition: An Optimum Determination Based on a Variational Concept  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The choice of the boundary condition when integrating the air mass continuity equation, is a major problem of the 3D wind field analysis from dual (or multiple) Doppler radar data. A zero vertical velocity at ground level seems the most natural ...

M. Chong; J. Testud

1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Level-3 Calorimetric Resolution available for the Level-1 and Level-2 CDF Triggers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As the Tevatron luminosity increases sophisticated selections are required to be efficient in selecting rare events among a very huge background. To cope with this problem, CDF has pushed the offline calorimeter algorithm reconstruction resolution up to Level 2 and, when possible, even up to Level 1, increasing efficiency and, at the same time, keeping under control the rates. The CDF Run II Level 2 calorimeter trigger is implemented in hardware and is based on a simple algorithm that was used in Run I. This system has worked well for Run II at low luminosity. As the Tevatron instantaneous luminosity increases, the limitation due to this simple algorithm starts to become clear: some of the most important jet and MET (Missing ET) related triggers have large growth terms in cross section at higher luminosity. In this paper, we present an upgrade of the Level 2 Calorimeter system which makes the calorimeter trigger tower information available directly to a CPU allowing more sophisticated algorithms to be implemented in software. Both Level 2 jets and MET can be made nearly equivalent to offline quality, thus significantly improving the performance and flexibility of the jet and MET related triggers. However in order to fully take advantage of the new L2 triggering capabilities having at Level 1 the same L2 MET resolution is necessary. The new Level-1 MET resolution is calculated by dedicated hardware. This paper describes the design, the hardware and software implementation and the performance of the upgraded calorimeter trigger system both at Level 2 and Level 1.

A. Canepa; M. Casarsa; T. Liu; G. Cortiana; G. Flanagan; H. Frisch; D. Krop; C. Pilcher; V. Rusu; V. Cavaliere; V. Greco; P. Giannetti; M. Piendibene; L. Sartori; M. Vidal

2008-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

317

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: A11 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CX-009363: Categorical Exclusion Determination Development and Test of a 1,000 Level 3C Fiber Optic Borehole Seismic Receiver Array Applied to Carbon Sequestration CX(s) Applied:...

318

Route Type Determination Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

According to the 2009 National Household Travel Survey 44.4 percent of all miles travelled by Americans in 2009 (including airplanes, trains, boats, golf carts, subways, bikes, etc.) were travelled in cars. If vans, SUV's and pickup trucks are included, that level increases to 86 percent. We do a lot of travelling on the road in personal vehicles - it's important to be able to understand how we get there and how to rate the fuel economy of our trips. An essential part of this is knowing how to decide if a trip is a city or highway trip.

Brett Stone

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

HEU age determination  

SciTech Connect

A criteria that a sample of highly enriched uranium (HEU) had come from a weapons stockpile and not newly produced in an enrichment plant is to show that the HEU had been produced a significant time in the past. The time since the HEU has produced in an enrichment plant is defined as the age of the HEU in this paper. The HEU age is determined by measuring quantitatively the daughter products {sup 230}Th and {sup 231}Pa of {sup 234}U and {sup 235}U, respectively, by first chemical separation of the thorium and protactinium and then conducting alpha spectrometry of the daughter products.

Moorthy, A.R.; Kato, W.Y.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

320

Official Certificate List Level(s)* Academic Administrative  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Educational Policy Studies EDUU S/295 Certificate in Energy Analysis and Policy at the Graduate Level IESG310&SU101 Certificate in Air Resources Management IESG104 Certificate in American Indian Studies L&SU S/110 Certificate in Archaeology L&SU S/120 Certificate in Asian American Studies L&SU201 Certificate

Sheridan, Jennifer

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Stochastic Optimal Power Flow for Reserve Determination  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With significant levels of renewable generation to be integrated in the future electric power systems, new balancing techniques and better forecasting are needed for system operators to maintain power system security. The impact of uncertainty and variability associated with renewable generation motivates the introduction of stochastic methods when determining reserve requirements. These methods enable operators to make better use of system flexibility in order to maintain system reliability and ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

322

Globular Cluster Distance Determinations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The present status of the distance scale to Galactic globular clusters is reviewed. Six distance determination techniques which are deemed to be most reliable are discussed in depth. These different techniques are used to calibrate the absolute magnitude of the RR Lyrae stars. The various calibrations fall into three groups. Main sequence fitting using Hipparcos parallaxes, theoretical HB models and the RR Lyrae in the LMC all favor a bright calibration, implying a `long' globular cluster distance scale. White dwarf fitting and the astrometric distances yield a somewhat fainter RR Lyrae calibration, while the statistical parallax solution yields faint RR Lyrae stars implying a `short' distance scale to globular clusters. Various secondary distance indicators discussed all favor the long distance scale. The `long' and `short' distance scales differ by (0.31+/-0.16) mag. Averaging together all of the different distance determinations yields Mv(RR) = (0.23+/-0.04)([Fe/H] + 1.6) + (0.56+/-0.12) mag.

Brian Chaboyer

1998-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

323

High pressure liquid level monitor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A liquid level monitor for tracking the level of a coal slurry in a high-pressure vessel including a toroidal-shaped float with magnetically permeable bands thereon disposed within the vessel, two pairs of magnetic field generators and detectors disposed outside the vessel adjacent the top and bottom thereof and magnetically coupled to the magnetically permeable bands on the float, and signal processing circuitry for combining signals from the top and bottom detectors for generating a monotonically increasing analog control signal which is a function of liquid level. The control signal may be utilized to operate high-pressure control valves associated with processes in which the high-pressure vessel is used.

Bean, Vern E. (Frederick, MD); Long, Frederick G. (Ijamsville, MD)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B6.2 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 2 Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B6.2 Existing Regulations B6.2: Waste collection, treatment, stabilization, and containment facilities The siting, construction, and operation of temporary (generally less than 2 years) pilot-scale waste collection and treatment facilities, and pilot-scale (generally less than 1 acre) waste stabilization and containment facilities (including siting, construction, and operation of a small-scale laboratory building or renovation of a room in an existing building for sample analysis), provided that the action (1) supports remedial investigations/feasibility studies under CERCLA, or similar studies under RCRA (such as RCRA facility investigations/corrective measure studies) or other authorities and (2) would not unduly limit the choice of

325

Investment Timing and Capacity Choice for Small-Scale Wind PowerUnder Uncertainty  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper presents a method for evaluation of investments in small-scale wind power under uncertainty. It is assumed that the price of electricity is uncertain and that an owner of a property with wind resources has a deferrable opportunity to invest in one wind power turbine within a capacity range. The model evaluates investment in a set of projects with different capacity. It is assumed that the owner substitutes own electricity load with electricity from the wind mill and sells excess electricity back to the grid on an hourly basis. The problem for the owner is to find the price levels at which it is optimal to invest, and in which capacity to invest. The results suggests it is optimal to wait for significantly higher prices than the net present value break-even. Optimal scale and timing depend on the expected price growth rate and the uncertainty in the future prices.

Fleten, Stein-Erik; Maribu, Karl Magnus

2004-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

326

Disposition of Nuclear Waste Using Subcritical Accelerator-Driven Systems: Technology Choices and Implementation Scenarios  

SciTech Connect

Los Alamos National Laboratory has led the development of accelerator-driven transmutation of waste (ATW) to provide an alternative technological solution to the disposition of nuclear waste. While ATW will not eliminate the need for a high-level waste repository, it offers a new technology option for altering the nature of nuclear waste and enhancing the capability of a repository. The basic concept of ATW focuses on reducing the time horizon for the radiological risk from hundreds of thousands of years to a few hundred years and on reducing the thermal loading. As such, ATW will greatly reduce the amount of transuranic elements that will be disposed of in a high-level waste repository. The goal of the ATW nuclear subsystem is to produce three orders of magnitude reduction in the long-term radiotoxicity of the waste sent to a repository, including losses through processing. If the goal is met, the radiotoxicity of ATW-treated waste after 300 yr would be less than that of untreated waste after 100 000 yr.These objectives can be achieved through the use of high neutron fluxes produced in accelerator-driven subcritical systems. While critical fission reactors can produce high neutron fluxes to destroy actinides and select fission products, the effectiveness of the destruction is limited by the criticality requirement. Furthermore, a substantial amount of excess reactivity would have to be supplied initially and compensated for by control poisons. To overcome these intrinsic limitations, we searched for solutions in subcritical systems freed from the criticality requirement by taking advantage of the recent breakthroughs in accelerator technology and the release of liquid lead/bismuth nuclear coolant technology from Russia. The effort led to the selection of an accelerator-driven subcritical system that results in the destruction of the actinides and fission products of concern as well as permitting easy operational control through the external control of the neutron source.

Venneri, Francesco; Williamson, Mark A.; Li Ning; Houts, Michael G.; Morley, Richard A.; Beller, Denis E.; Sailor, William; Lawrence, George [Los Alamos National Laboratory (United States)

2000-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

327

CX-009637: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7: Categorical Exclusion Determination 7: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-009637: Categorical Exclusion Determination Removing Items or Materials Containing Polychlorinated Biphenyls CX(s) Applied: B1.17 Date: 11/19/2012 Location(s): Tennessee, California, California, Virginia Offices(s): Oak Ridge Office The proposed actions would involve removal of items containing various levels of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs), including transformers, capacitors, light ballasts, hydraulic systems, gaskets, coatings, and insulation. The proposed actions also include routine maintenance and flushing of equipment such as hydraulic systems and transformers. CX-009637.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-010358: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-007979: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-009676

328

National high-level waste systems analysis report  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the assessment of budgetary impacts, constraints, and repository availability on the storage and treatment of high-level waste and on both existing and pending negotiated milestones. The impacts of the availabilities of various treatment systems on schedule and throughput at four Department of Energy sites are compared to repository readiness in order to determine the prudent application of resources. The information modeled for each of these sites is integrated with a single national model. The report suggests a high-level-waste model that offers a national perspective on all high-level waste treatment and storage systems managed by the Department of Energy.

Kristofferson, K.; Oholleran, T.P.; Powell, R.H.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Categorical Exclusion (CX) Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Letcher to Mitchell 115 kV transmission line to Western's Letcher to Mitchell 115 kV transmission line to Western's Letcher substation. Description of Proposed Action: Interconnection of Northwestern Energy's 115 kV Letcher to Mitchell transmission line at Western's Letcher substation. Northwestern Energy is proposing to build a 14.5 mile transmission line between their Mitchell substation and Western's Letcher substation to shore up reliability of their electrical system in the area. Number and Title of Categorical Exclusions Being Applied: 10 CFR 1021.410 Subpart D, Appendix B, B4.11: Construction of electric power substations ... or modification of existing substations and support facilities. Regulatory Requirements for CX Determination: The DOE Guidelines for Compliance with the Regulatory Requirements for the National Environmental Policy Act at 10 CFR 1021.41 O(b), require the

330

Categorical Exclusion (CX) Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Movement of the Shirley Pump substation to a new site away from Movement of the Shirley Pump substation to a new site away from Yellowstone River and replacement of the Shirley Pump substation transformer. Description of Proposed Action: Move the existing Shirley Pump substation approximately 200 meters to the southeast away from its current location and the Yellowstone River as well as replace the aging transformer with a new one. Number and Title of Categorical Exclusions Being Applied: 10 CPR 1021.410 Subpart D, Appendix B, B4.11: Construction of electric power substations ... or modification of existing substations and support facilities. Regulatory Requirements for CX Determination: The DOE Guidelines for Compliance with the Regulatory Requirements for the National Environmental Policy Act at 10 CPR 1021.41 O(b),

331

Categorical Exclusion Determination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

t t Categorical Exclusion Determination Form Proposed Action Title: (0471-1563) University of South Florida - Development of a Low Cost Thermal Energy Storage System Using Phase Change Materials with Enhanced Radiation Heat Transfer Program or Field Office: Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy Location(s) (City/County/State): Tampa, FL Proposed Action Description: Funding will support development of low cost, industrially scalable capsules containing high-temperature phase change materials (PCMs) for use in thermal energy storage (TES) systems to enable continuous power supply from concentrated solar thermal and nuclear power plants. No nuclear research and development activities will take place under this project. ARPA-E has undertaken a review of the work to be performed

332

Categorical Exclusion Determination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ergy ergy Categorical Exclusion Determination Form Proposed Action Title: (0472-1569) G~tomics - Double Sator Switched Reluctance Motor (DSSRM) Technology Progi'am or Field Office: Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy Location(s) (City/County/State): San Diego, CA Proposed Action Description: General Atomics, in conjunction with the University of Texas-Dallas (UT Dallas), proposes to develop double-stator switched reluctance motor (DSSRM) for electric vehicles (EVs) that will eliminate the use of permanent magnet-based motors that rely on rare earth metals in EVs. General Atomics' application was selected for an initial 18-month period (Phase 1) of funding. The ARPA-E Program Director may decide to negotiate and fund project activities for an additional 18-month period (Phase II) after evaluating the work performed in Phase I. ARPA-E has not obligated

333

Categorical Exclusion Determination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of n y of n y Categorical Exclusion Determination Form Proposed Action Title: (0471-1607) University of Florida - Solar Thermochemical Fuel Production via a Novel Low Pressure, Magnetically Stabilized, Non-Volatile Iron Oxide Looping Process Program or Field Office: Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy LocationCs) CCity/County/State): Gainesville, FL Proposed Action Description: University of Florida proposes to develop a novel solar thermochemical reactor with inputs of water, recycled carbon dioxide (C02), and concentrated solar energy to cost-effectively produce Syngas, a renewable, carbon-neutral fuel. Project activities will include: (1) modeling, design, and fabrication of a high efficiency 1 OkW reactor prototype; (2) test analysis of bench-scale

334

Enterprise level IT risk management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Increasing IT budget and over-dependence of business on IT infra-structure makes risk management a critical component of enterprise management. The creation and sustenance of an IT risk management framework is one of the crucial and challenging tasks ... Keywords: enterprise level, information technology, risk management

Nadhirah Azizi; Khairuddin Hashim

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

High temperature liquid level sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A length of metal sheathed metal oxide cable is perforated to permit liquid access to the insulation about a pair of conductors spaced close to one another. Changes in resistance across the conductors will be a function of liquid level, since the wetted insulation will have greater electrical conductivity than that of the dry insulation above the liquid elevation.

Tokarz, Richard D. (West Richland, WA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Cat Dish Bacteria Determination  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dish Bacteria Determination Dish Bacteria Determination Name: Ashlyn Status: student Grade: 6-8 Location: FL Country: USA Date: Summer 2011 Question: Is there a simple way to measure bacteria in cat's water dishes without doing something with Agar? To measure bacteria in a water bowl, do I need to use a microscope? I am thinking of using different materials (metal, plastic, and glass) to see which of those has the grows the most bacteria. Replies: Hello Ashlyn, That is a very good idea for a science project. Usually the best way to do a quantitative analysis of bacteria content is to take a measured amount of a liquid, plate it out on some type of agar and do a colony count. This will give a basic indication of bacterial load, but not differentiate the types of bacteria. The most common type of bacteria that causes a pink film to form on water bowls and showers, etc. is Serratia marcescens. It is a fairly harmless organism that reacts with standing water. It may only adhere to the walls of the container and not be 'free floating' in the water. A microscope would not likely help unless you were able to do special stains to help see the bacteria. You might also want to add stoneware or ceramic to your list. Just so you know stoneware or ceramic make the best containers for cats to drink out of. It keeps the water fresher: Maybe less bacteria? You might just have to rely on a visual inspection of the containers to see which has more pink per surface area.

337

TransCom3 Level 2 Data Set Released  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Level 2 Data Set Released Level 2 Data Set Released The ORNL DAAC announces the release of "TransCom 3: Seasonal CO2 Flux Estimates from Atmospheric Inversions (Level 2)", prepared by K.R. Gurney and A.S. Denning. This data set provides model outputs and seasonal mean CO2 fluxes from the Atmospheric Carbon Cycle Inversion Intercomparison (TransCom 3), Level 2 inversion experiment. This Level 2 experiment inverted for the spatial and temporal pattern of the residual CO2 sources and sinks. The seasonal inversion consists of a 3-year forward simulation (365 days per year) containing 4 presubtracted tracers, 11 SF6 tracers, and 22 CO2 tracers (11 terrestrial, 11 oceanic) (Gurney et al., 2000). Carbon fluxes were estimated for each month of an average year determined as the mean of the

338

Determination of ultratrace levels of uranium by selective laser excitation of precipitates  

SciTech Connect

Selective excitation of probe ion luminescence (SEPIL) is applied to the analysis of uranium by coprecipitation into calcium fluoride. Subsequent ignition of the precipitate in air yields intense fluorescence transitions from UO/sub 6//sup 6 -/ species which can be selectively excited with a narrow band dye laser system. A detection limit of 0.4 pg/mL is obtained. The interference effects of several ions are also presented.

Johnston, M.V.; Wright, J.C.

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Cost of stockouts in the microprocessor business and its impact in determining the optimal service level/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to develop optimal inventory policies, it is essential to know the consequences of stockouts and the costs related to each kind of stockout; at Intel, however, such costs have not yet been quantified. The primary ...

Sonnet, Maria Claudia

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

A methodology for determining the relationship between air transportation demand and the level of service  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction: Within the last ten years significant advances in the state-of-the art in air travel demand analysis stimulated researchers in the domestic air transportation field. Among these advances, researchers in ...

Eriksen, Steven Edward

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Evaluate the Effect of Upper-Level Cirrus Clouds on Satellite Retrievals of Low-Level Cloud Droplet Effective Radius  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Effect of Upper-Level Cirrus Clouds the Effect of Upper-Level Cirrus Clouds on Satellite Retrievals of Low-Level Cloud Droplet Effective Radius F.-L. Chang and Z. Li Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center University of Maryland College Park, Maryland Z. Li Department of Meteorology University of Maryland College Park, Maryland Introduction The earth's radiation budget is sensitive to changes in the microphysical properties of low-level stratiform clouds. Their extensive coverage can significantly reduce the solar energy absorbed by the earth system. An estimate of reducing the global-mean droplet effective radius (r e ) of these low-level clouds by ~2 µm, while keeping the column liquid water constant would balance the warming due to CO 2 doubling in the atmosphere (Slingo 1990). Accurate determination of the droplet r

342

High accuracy electronic material level sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The High Accuracy Electronic Material Level Sensor (electronic dipstick) is a sensor based on time domain reflectometry (TDR) of very short electrical pulses. Pulses are propagated along a transmission line or guide wire that is partially immersed in the material being measured; a launcher plate is positioned at the beginning of the guide wire. Reflected pulses are produced at the material interface due to the change in dielectric constant. The time difference of the reflections at the launcher plate and at the material interface are used to determine the material level. Improved performance is obtained by the incorporation of: 1) a high accuracy time base that is referenced to a quartz crystal, 2) an ultrawideband directional sampler to allow operation without an interconnect cable between the electronics module and the guide wire, 3) constant fraction discriminators (CFDs) that allow accurate measurements regardless of material dielectric constants, and reduce or eliminate errors induced by triple-transit or "ghost" reflections on the interconnect cable. These improvements make the dipstick accurate to better than 0.1%.

McEwan, Thomas E. (Livermore, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Level-of-Detail Shaders  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Current graphics hardware can render objects using simple procedural shaders in real-time. However, detailed, highquality shaders will continue to stress the resources of hardware for some time to come. Shaders written for film production and software renderers may stretch to thousands of lines. The difficulty of rendering efficiently is compounded when there is not just one, but a scene full of shaded objects, surpassing the capability of any hardware to render. This problem has many similarities to the rendering of large models, a problem that has inspired extensive research in geometric level-of-detail and geometric simplification. We introduce an analogous process for shading, shader simplification. Starting from an initial detailed shader, shader simplification produces a new shader with extra level-of-detail parameters that control the shader execution. The resulting level-of-detail shader, can automatically adjust its rendered appearance based on measures of distance, size, or importance as well as physical limits such as rendering time budget or texture usage.

Marc Olano; Bob Kuehne

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Determinations | Building Energy Codes Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Regulations Regulations Site Map Printable Version Development Adoption Compliance Regulations Determinations Federal Buildings Manufactured Housing Resource Center Determinations Commercial Determinations Residential Determinations Final Determination on ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2010 On October 19, 2011, DOE issued a final determination that ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2010 would achieve greater energy efficiency in buildings subject to the standard than if they were built to ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2007. View the complete final determination notice that appeared in the Federal Register on October 19, 2011. View the complete preliminary determination notice that appeared in the Federal Register on July 20, 2011. State Certification This final determination is being published before the two year deadline

345

SYSPLAN. Load Leveling Battery System Costs  

SciTech Connect

SYSPLAN evaluates capital investment in customer side of the meter load leveling battery systems. Such systems reduce the customer`s monthly electrical demand charge by reducing the maximum power load supplied by the utility during the customer`s peak demand. System equipment consists of a large array of batteries, a current converter, and balance of plant equipment and facilities required to support the battery and converter system. The system is installed on the customer`s side of the meter and controlled and operated by the customer. Its economic feasibility depends largely on the customer`s load profile. Load shape requirements, utility rate structures, and battery equipment cost and performance data serve as bases for determining whether a load leveling battery system is economically feasible for a particular installation. Life-cycle costs for system hardware include all costs associated with the purchase, installation, and operation of battery, converter, and balance of plant facilities and equipment. The SYSPLAN spreadsheet software is specifically designed to evaluate these costs and the reduced demand charge benefits; it completes a 20 year period life cycle cost analysis based on the battery system description and cost data. A built-in sensitivity analysis routine is also included for key battery cost parameters. The life cycle cost analysis spreadsheet is augmented by a system sizing routine to help users identify load leveling system size requirements for their facilities. The optional XSIZE system sizing spreadsheet which is included can be used to identify a range of battery system sizes that might be economically attractive. XSIZE output consisting of system operating requirements can then be passed by the temporary file SIZE to the main SYSPLAN spreadsheet.

Hostick, C.J. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

1988-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

346

Molecular-level Thermodynamic and Kinetic Parameters for the Self-assembly of Apoferritin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Molecular-level Thermodynamic and Kinetic Parameters for the Self-assembly of Apoferritin Molecules at the molecular level the processes responsible for crystal growth. To evaluate the governing thermodynamic and the molecular-level thermodynamic and kinetic parameters determined here. We found that step growth velocity

Vekilov, Peter

347

Determining suitable funding for p-12 education in Kansas: superintendents’ opinions and selected cost simulations.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this study was to determine what school leaders believe is a suitable funding level for Kansas school districts and to simulate the… (more)

Clark, Rustin

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

CX-010753: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3: Categorical Exclusion Determination 3: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-010753: Categorical Exclusion Determination Operational Simulation Tools and Long Term Strategic Planning for High Penetrations of Photovoltaic in the Southeastern US CX(s) Applied: A9 Date: 08/15/2013 Location(s): Tennessee Offices(s): Golden Field Office The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is proposing to provide federal funding to Electric Power Research Institute to assess the operational and business impacts posed by high levels of solar generation and assist the development of strategic plans that ensure solar system reliability and utility financial health related to these levels of solar generation. CX-010753.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-010742: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-010740: Categorical Exclusion Determination

349

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Argonne Site Office | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Argonne Site Office Argonne Site Office Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Argonne Site Office Categorical Exclusion Determinations issued by Argonne Site Office. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD August 9, 2013 CX-010868: Categorical Exclusion Determination Bio Safety Level-1 and Bio Safety Level-2 Research at Argonne CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 08/09/2013 Location(s): Illinois Offices(s): Argonne Site Office August 7, 2013 CX-010869: Categorical Exclusion Determination Nauticas Research Program CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 08/07/2013 Location(s): Illinois Offices(s): Argonne Site Office July 12, 2013 CX-010870: Categorical Exclusion Determination New Advanced Photon Source Parking Lot on Kearney Road CX(s) Applied: B1.15 Date: 07/12/2013 Location(s): Illinois Offices(s): Argonne Site Office

350

CX-010867: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7: Categorical Exclusion Determination 7: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-010867: Categorical Exclusion Determination Hanford Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) High Level Waste Canister Decontamination Process Stream Simulant Development CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 06/27/2013 Location(s): South Carolina Offices(s): Savannah River Operations Office A simulant will be developed of the canister decontamination process stream for the Hanford Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) High Level Waste Facility. This simulant will be developed to support the Full Scale Vessel Testing (FSVT) program which involves evaluations of Pulsed Jet Mixing equipment performance in actual WTP vessels. CX-010867.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-010673: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-009110: Categorical Exclusion Determination

351

CX-005528: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

28: Categorical Exclusion Determination 28: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-005528: Categorical Exclusion Determination Raise the Tank26 High Liquid Level Conductivity Probe Setpoint to 362 Inches CX(s) Applied: B2.2 Date: 01/31/2011 Location(s): Aiken, South Carolina Office(s): Environmental Management, Savannah River Operations Office High Liquid Level Conductivity Probe (HLLCP) setpoint will be documented in the Emergency Response Data (ERD) after implementation of the field work per Technical Safety Requirements (TSR) Administrative Control 5.8.2.44, Tank Fill Limits (SAC). There are no impacts to the Safety Basis as a result of the proposed activity. DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD CX-005528.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-000563: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-005535: Categorical Exclusion Determination

352

Analytical Thresholds: Determination of Minimum ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Different color channels behave differently – if possible, determine ATs for each color • ATs derived from methods based ...

2010-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

353

Determining the neutrino mass hierarchy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this proceedings I review the physics that future experiments will use to determine the neutrino mass hierarchy.

Parke, Stephen J.; /Fermilab

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

WIPP Subsidence Monument Leveling Survey - 2004  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sections 2 through 7 of this report define the result of the 2004 leveling survey through the subsidence monuments at the WIPP site. Approximately 15 miles of leveling was completed through nine vertical control loops. The 2004 survey includes the determination of elevation on each of the 48 existing subsidence monuments and the WIPP baseline survey, and 14 of the National Geodetic Survey's (NGS) vertical control points. The field observations were completed during August through November of 2004 by personnel from the WashingtonTRU Solutions (WTS) Surveying Group, Mine Engineering Department. Additional rod personnel were provided by the Geotechnical Engineering department. Digital leveling techniques were utilized to achieve better than Second Order Class II loop closures as outlined by the Federal Geodetic Control Subcommittee (FGCS). Because it is important to perform the subsidence survey in exactly the same manner each year, WIPP procedure (WP 09-ES4001) details each step of the survey. Starting with the 2002 survey this procedure has been used to perform the subsidence survey. Starting with the survey of the year 2001, Loop 1 and redundant survey connections among the various loops were removed from the survey and report. This resulted in a reduction of fieldwork with no loss of accuracy or precision. The redundant connections caused multiple elevations for the same stations. The differences were so slight that they were not used in elevation adjustments for the loops. The redundancy was used to spot gross errors in the field. After several years of surveying these loops it is evident that no gross errors occur that are not also evident in the loop closures. Finally, Section 8 contains Table F, which summarizes the elevations for all surveys from 1987 through 2004, inclusive. A detailed listing of the 1986 through 1997 surveys is contained in the report, WIPP Subsidence Monument Leveling Surveys 1986-1997, DOE/WIPP 98-2293. A reference to the summary reports for each year after 1997 is listed in the reference section of this document.

Washington TRU Solutions LLC

2004-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

355

WIPP Subsidence Monument Leveling Survey - 2005  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sections 2 through 7 of this report define the result of the 2005 leveling survey through the subsidence monuments at the WIPP site. Approximately 15 miles of leveling was completed through nine vertical control loops. The 2005 survey includes the determination of elevation on each of the 48 existing subsidence monuments and the WIPP baseline survey, and 14 of the National Geodetic Survey’s (NGS) vertical control points. The field observations were completed during September through November of 2005 by personnel from the Washington TRU Solutions (WTS) Surveying Group, Mine Engineering Department. Additional rod personnel were provided by the Geotechnical Engineering Department. Digital leveling techniques were utilized to achieve better than Second Order Class II loop closures as outlined by the Federal Geodetic Control Subcommittee (FGCS). Because it is important to perform the subsidence survey in exactly the same manner each year, WIPP procedure (WP 09-ES4001) details each step of the survey. Starting with the 2002 survey this procedure has been used to perform the subsidence survey. Starting with the survey of the year 2001, Loop 1 and redundant survey connections among the various loops were removed from the survey and report. This resulted in a reduction of fieldwork with no loss of accuracy or precision. The redundant connections caused multiple elevations for the same stations. The differences were so slight that they were not used in elevation adjustments for the loops. The redundancy was used to spot gross errors in the field. After several years of surveying these loops it is evident that no gross errors occur that are not also evident in the loop closures. Finally, Section 8 contains Table F, which summarizes the elevations for all surveys from 1987 through 2005, inclusive. A detailed listing of the 1986 through 1997 surveys is contained in the report, WIPP Subsidence Monument Leveling Surveys 1986-1997, DOE/WIPP 98-2293. A reference to the summary reports for each year after 1997 is listed in the reference section of this document.

Washington TRU Solutions LLC

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

CX-008810: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-008810: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-008810.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-002336: Categorical Exclusion Determination...

357

CONTINUOUS ANALYZER UTILIZING BOILING POINT DETERMINATION  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device is designed for continuously determining the boiling point of a mixture of liquids. The device comprises a distillation chamber for boiling a liquid; outlet conduit means for maintaining the liquid contents of said chamber at a constant level; a reflux condenser mounted above said distillation chamber; means for continuously introducing an incoming liquid sample into said reflux condenser and into intimate contact with vapors refluxing within said condenser; and means for measuring the temperature of the liquid flowing through said distillation chamber. (AEC)

Pappas, W.S.

1963-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

358

Flammable gas tank waste level reconciliation for 241-S-111  

SciTech Connect

Fluor Daniel Northwest (FDNW) was authorized to address flammable gas issues by reconciling the unexplained surface level increases in Tank 241-S-111. The trapped gas evaluation document states that Tank S-111 exceeds the 25% of the lower flammable-limit criterion, based on a surface level rise evaluation. The Waste Storage Tank Status and Leak Detection Criteria document, commonly referred to as the Welty Report is the basis for this letter report. The unexplained waste level rises were attributed to the production and retention of gas in the column of waste corresponding to the unaccounted for surface level rise. From 1973 through 1980, the Welty Report tracked Tank S-111 transfers. This surface level increase is from an unknown source or is unaccounted for. Duke Engineering and Services Hanford and Lockheed Martin Hanford Corporation are interested in determining the validity of the unexplained surface level changes reported in the Welty Report based upon other corroborative sources of data. The purpose of this letter report is to assemble detailed surface level and waste addition data from daily tank records, logbooks, and other corroborative data that indicate surface levels, and to reconcile the cumulative unaccounted for surface level changes as shown in the Welty Report from 1973 through 1980. Tank S-111 initially received waste from REDOX in 1952, and after April 1974, primarily received processed waste slurry from the 242-S Evaporator/Crystallizer and transferred supernatant waste to Tank S-102. From the FDNW review and comparisons of the Welty Report versus other daily records for Tank S-111, FDNW determined that the majority of the time, the Welty Report is consistent with daily records. Surface level decreases that occurred following saltwell pumping were identified as unaccounted for decreases in the Welty Report, however they were probably a continued settlement caused by saltwell pumping of the interstitial liquids. Because the flammable/trapped gas issue is linked to the unexplained increase in the surface level, FDNW recommends that all occurrence reports, concerning tank waste level increases or decreases from 1970 through 1980, be reevaluated for acceptability of the evaluation as to the root cause of the occurrence.

Brevick, C.H.; Gaddis, L.A.

1997-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

359

Previous Determinations | Building Energy Codes Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Previous Determinations Commercial Determinations Residential Determinations ANSIASHRAEIESNA Standard 90.1-2007 On July 20, 2011, DOE issued a final determination that...

360

Flammable gas tank waste level reconcilliation for 241-SX-102  

SciTech Connect

Fluoro Dynel Northwest (FDNW) was authorized to address flammable gas issues by reconciling the unexplained surface level increases in Tank 24 1-S-1 1 1 (S-I 1 1, typical). The trapped gas evaluation document (ref 1) states that Tank SX-102 exceeds the 25% of the lower flammable limit (FL) criterion (ref 2), based on a surface level rise evaluation. The Waste Storage Tank Status and Leak Detection Criteria document, commonly referred to as the ``Wallet Report`` is the basis for this letter report (ref 3). The Wallet Report is also a part of the trapped gas evaluation document criteria. The Wallet Report contains various tank information, including: physical information, status, levels, and dry wells, see Appendix A. The unexplained waste level rises were attributed to the production and retention of gas in the column of waste corresponding to the unacquainted for surface level rise. From 1973 through 1980, the Wallet Report tracked Tank S- 102 transfers and reported a net cumulative change of 19.95 in. This surface level increase is from an unknown source or is unacquainted for. Duke Engineering and Services Hanford (DASH) and Leached Martin Hanford Corporation (LMHC) are interested in determining the validity of the unexplained surface level changes reported in the 0611e Wallet Report based upon other corroborative sources of data. The purpose of this letter report is to assemble detailed surface level and waste addition data from daily tank records, logbooks, and other corroborative data that indicate surface levels, and to reconcile the cumulative unacquainted for surface level changes as shown in the Wallet Report from 1973 through 1980.

Brevick, C.H.; Gaddie, L.A.

1997-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

New Vehicle Choices, Fuel Economy and Vehicle Incentives: An Analysis of Hybrid Tax Credits and Gasoline Tax  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

7: Change in Sales of Hybrid Vehicles Due to Federal Taxof alternative fuels and hybrid vehicles. A primary policythe federal level to hybrid vehicles. This policy, begun in

Martin, Elliot William

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

New Vehicle Choice, Fuel Economy and Vehicle Incentives: An Analysis of Hybrid Tax Credits and the Gasoline Tax  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

7: Change in Sales of Hybrid Vehicles Due to Federal Taxof alternative fuels and hybrid vehicles. A primary policythe federal level to hybrid vehicles. This policy, begun in

Martin, Elliott William

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Policy Choice:Forest or Fuel? The demand for biofuels, driven by the desire to reduce fossil fuel use and CO2 emissions, has resulted in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Policy Choice:Forest or Fuel? The demand for biofuels, driven by the desire to reduce fossil fuel, combined with the expanded demand for biofuels, will result in higher food prices, since less land by using biofuels (vegetable oils). But the use of biofuels may not reduce CO2 emissions, even when

364

Concerns raised over proposed changes to regulation in the NHS Plans to reform the NHS by using patient choice to improve quality and promote  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

recent White Paper ,,Liberating the NHS aim to use patient choice between GPs and between secondary practices, and the limited safeguards envisaged against anti-competitive behaviour. Prof Lyons added: "There ,,Regulating Healthcare Providers, part of the public consultation on implementation of proposals in the White

Feigon, Brooke

365

CX-007820: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

20: Categorical Exclusion Determination 20: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-007820: Categorical Exclusion Determination Routine Site Activities and Seismic Survey at Gnome-Coach Site, New Mexico CX(s) Applied: B1.3, B3.1 Date: 02/09/2012 Location(s): New Mexico Offices(s): Legacy Management The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is responsible for monitoring contaminant levels in groundwater from three groundwater monitoring wells at the Gnome-Coach, New Mexico Site. Two of the wells contain elevated levels of radionuclides and these samples are managed in accordance with the DOE Investigation-Derived Waste Plan. Activities related to the groundwater monitoring program include installing water access tubes and obtaining water levels each time the wells are sampled. CX-007820.pdf More Documents & Publications

366

CX-004614: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

14: Categorical Exclusion Determination 14: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-004614: Categorical Exclusion Determination Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma - Programs for Buildings and Facilities CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B5.1 Date: 09/24/2009 Location(s): Oklahoma Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program. The proposed actions would involve the establishment of a training program for tribal members with the intent of creating a small tribal work crew capable of performing weatherization upgrades and energy efficiency related improvements to tribal facilities and homes for the Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma. The training program will develop entry-level, mid-level, and skilled-level positions. The Tribes will contract for

367

High level white noise generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A wide band, stable, random noise source with a high and well-defined output power spectral density is provided which may be used for accurate calibration of Johnson Noise Power Thermometers (JNPT) and other applications requiring a stable, wide band, well-defined noise power spectral density. The noise source is based on the fact that the open-circuit thermal noise voltage of a feedback resistor, connecting the output to the input of a special inverting amplifier, is available at the amplifier output from an equivalent low output impedance caused by the feedback mechanism. The noise power spectral density level at the noise source output is equivalent to the density of the open-circuit thermal noise or a 100 ohm resistor at a temperature of approximately 64,000 Kelvins. The noise source has an output power spectral density that is flat to within 0.1% (0.0043 db) in the frequency range of from 1 KHz to 100 KHz which brackets typical passbands of the signal-processing channels of JNPT's. Two embodiments, one of higher accuracy that is suitable for use as a standards instrument and another that is particularly adapted for ambient temperature operation, are illustrated in this application.

Borkowski, Casimer J. (Oak Ridge, TN); Blalock, Theron V. (Knoxville, TN)

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Low-Level Waste Branch  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Enclosed please find five copies of an application for ground water Alternate Concentration Limits (ACLs) for the Shirley Basin mill and tailings site. Pathfinder requests that the NRC amend the above referenced license to incorporate the proposed ACLs. Pathfinder has been endeavoring for over fifteen years to accomplish a ground water restoration at the site with overall favorable results. Of the thirteen constituents assigned ground water protection standards in the license, only two continue to exceed the site standard limits: uranium and thorium-230. While both of these parameters have been dramatically reduced in the ground water over the years, they remain at levels which have become very difficult to further reduce. Additionally, it is noteworthy that over the period of record these two constituents have routinely exceeded the site standards in the designated site background well. This would suggest that the site standards for uranium and thorium-230 originally were set unrealistically low. We have concluded that we have essentially reached the point of ALARA relative to ground water restoration at the Shirley Basin site, prompting this application for ACLs. The enclosed application discusses the attainment of ALARA, presents sound technical justification for the proposed ACLs, and ably demonstrates the minimal public health risk associated with the proposed ACLs.

Mr. Thomas; H. Essig

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Remittances: determinants, motivations and effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation examines the determinants, motivations and effects of remittances. In that last two decades remittances have gained interest due to their large size. For several developing countries remittances constitute a large portion of their gross domestic product and sometimes exceed foreign direct investment. In the first essay, I use a unique data set from Nicaragua to asses the behavior of persons who send money back home. I estimate a heteroskedastic Tobit with a known form of variance to estimate the correlation of the remitting decisions of migrants. Working, residing in a developed country and belonging to the nuclear family positively affect remittances. The labor status and the level of education of the head of the household both affect remittances. The decision to participate in the remitting process appears to be positively related across migrants within the same receiving household. The second essay presents a simple theoretical model of migrants' remitting behavior. I consider two general motivations for remitting: altruism and self-interest. From the same data set used in the first chapter, I estimate a heteroskedastic Tobit and a sample selection equation to empirically test the findings of the theoretical model. Evidence suggests that migrants from Nicaragua remit for altruistic reasons. Moreover some gender heterogeneity exists in the remitting behavior. In the last essay, I study the impact of remittances on a small open economy using a stochastic limited participation model with cash in advance constraints and costly adjustment of cash holdings. I examine the impact of remittances on the steady state of the economy and on the dynamic response of variables to money shocks, output shocks, and shocks to remittance flows. I also examine the impact on dynamic responses to shocks of alternative specifications regarding the initial impact of a monetary injection or a remittances shock on the economy. I find that a positive remittances shock forces the exchange rate to depreciate and lowers both output and consumption in the period of the shock, irrespective of adjustment costs on money balances. Also, the positive remittance shock lowers utility during the period of the shock but improves it thereafter.

Naufal, Georges Sami

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

CX-001420: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

20: Categorical Exclusion Determination 20: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-001420: Categorical Exclusion Determination Alum Innovative Exploration Project CX(s) Applied: B3.1, A9, B5.1 Date: 03/18/2010 Location(s): Nevada Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office Sierra Geothermal Power, Inc. would perform an exploration and drilling case study of the Alum geothermal resource. The goal of this project is to reduce the level of risk during the early stages of geothermal project development and to determine the combination of techniques that are most useful and cost-effective in identifying the geothermal resource. DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD CX-001420.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-004375: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-004822: Categorical Exclusion Determination

371

Federal Register Notice for the Waste Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Federal Register Notice for the Waste Determination Federal Register Notice for the Waste Determination Federal Register Notice for the Waste Determination Section 3116 of the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005 (NDAA) provides that certain waste from reprocessing spent nuclear fuel is not considered high-level waste (HLW) if the Secretary of Energy, in consultation with the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), determines that the waste meets the statutory criteria set forth in Section 3116(a). Federal Register Notice for the Waste Determination More Documents & Publications EIS-0287: Amended Record of Decision Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-296-B Rainbow Energy Marketing Corp: Federal Register Notice, Volume 77, No. 66 - April 4, 2012 SRS FTF Section 3116 Basis for Determination

372

SRS FTF Section 3116 Basis for Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FTF Section 3116 Basis for Determination FTF Section 3116 Basis for Determination SRS FTF Section 3116 Basis for Determination Basis for Section 3116 Determination for Closure of F-Tank Farm at the Savannah River Site. In accordance with NDAA Section 3116, certain waste from reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel is not high-level waste if the Secretary of Energy, in consultation with the NRC, determines that the criteria in NDAA Section 3116(a) are met. This FTF 3116 Basis Document shows that those criteria are satisfied, to support a determination that the Secretary may make pursuant to NDAA Section 3116. This FTF 3116 Basis Document concerns the stabilized residuals in waste tanks and ancillary structures, those waste tanks, and the ancillary structures (including integral equipment) at the SRS FTF at the time of closure.

373

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Pennsylvania | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Categorical Exclusion Determination Solid-Fueled Pressurized Chemical Looping with Flue-Gas Turbine Combined Cycle for Improved Plant Efficiency and Capture CX(s) Applied: A9...

374

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Washington | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

August 30, 2012 CX-009317: Categorical Exclusion Determination Enhancement of SOFC Cathode Electrochemical Performance Using Multi-Phase Interfaces CX(s) Applied: B3.6...

375

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Tennessee | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Golden Field Office May 14, 2012 CX-008803: Categorical Exclusion Determination Milling Machine Replacement Projects CX(s) Applied: B1.31 Date: 05142012 Location(s):...

376

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Washington | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CX-009223: Categorical Exclusion Determination CH2MHill Plateau Remediation Company - Asbestos Removal Actions CX(s) Applied: B1.16 Date: 08032012 Location(s): Washington...

377

Exchange rate determination in Indonesia.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis examines the options for adopting normative and prescriptive models of exchange rate determination suitable for developed and developing countries. It also develops a… (more)

Rusydi, Mohammad

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Tuna fish diet influences cat behavior. [Elevated levels of selenium and mercury in commercial tuna fish cat food  

SciTech Connect

When observed in their home cages, cats fed commercial tuna fish cat food were less active, vocalized less, and spent more time on the floor and more time eating than cats fed commercial beef cat food. There were no differences in response to human handling between the two groups. There were no differences in learning ability on a two-choice point maze or in reversal learning in the same maze between beef- and tuna-fed cats. The behavior of the groups differed in a 15-min open field test only in the number of toys contacted. Cats fed the tuna had elevated tissue levels of mercury and selenium.

Houpt, K.A.; Essick, L.A.; Shaw, E.B.; Alo, D.K.; Gilmartin, J.E.; Gutenmann, W.H.; Littman, C.B.; Lisk, D.J.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Few-photon transport in a waveguide coupled to a pair of colocated two-level atoms  

SciTech Connect

We calculate the one- and two-photon scattering matrices of a pair of collocated nonidentical two-level atoms coupled to a waveguide. We show that by proper choice of a two-photon input, the background fluorescence by the atoms may be completely quenched, as a result of quantum interference, and that when the atoms' detuning is smaller than their linewidths, extremely narrow fluorescence features emerge. Furthermore, the system emits a two-photon bound state which can display spatial oscillations or quantum beats, and can be tuned from bunched to antibunched statistics as the total photon energy is varied.

Rephaeli, Eden [Department of Applied Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Kocabas, Suekrue Ekin; Fan, Shanhui [Department of Electrical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

380

On improving communication in emergency response at network and organizational levels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A variety of communication technologies have been deployedto a good choice of communication technology. This effortincorporates communication technology and organizational

Dilmaghani, Raheleh B.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

CX-007766: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6: Categorical Exclusion Determination 6: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-007766: Categorical Exclusion Determination Reactor Upgrade Grant - Rhode Island Atomic Energy Commission CX(s) Applied: B2.2 Date: 11/28/2011 Location(s): Rhode Island Offices(s): Nuclear Energy, Idaho Operations Office The objectives of this project are to upgrade the Area Radiation Monitoring System and Confinement Air Handling System I&C with Opto-22 systems, add a Reactor Power Level Trend display that shows power trend data from each of the power level channels, and to replace the Control Rod Magnet Power Supplies and the Control Room Instrumentation Master Switch with new components. Microsoft Word - DOE-ID-11-013 Rhode Island EC.doc More Documents & Publications CX-007771: Categorical Exclusion Determination

382

CX-001015: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5: Categorical Exclusion Determination 5: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-001015: Categorical Exclusion Determination Integrated Direct Current (dc)-dc Conversion for Energy-Efficiency Multicore Microprocessors CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6 Date: 03/02/2010 Location(s): New York Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office Columbia University is proposing to use American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funding through Department of Energy to research methods to reduce energy consumption in future servers by addressing the power issue at the processor chip level rather than the motherboard level. Development will include design and prototype fabrication of the technologies. DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD CX-001015.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-001007: Categorical Exclusion Determination

383

Level densities of nickel isotopes: microscopic theory versus experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We apply a spin-projection method to calculate microscopically the level densities of a family of nickel isotopes $^{59-64}$Ni using the shell model Monte Carlo approach in the complete $pfg_{9/2}$ shell. Accurate ground-state energies of the odd-mass nickel isotopes, required for the determination of excitation energies, are determined using the Green's function method recently introduced to circumvent the odd particle-number sign problem. Our results are in excellent agreement with recent measurements based on proton evaporation spectra and with level counting data at low excitation energies. We also compare our results with neutron resonance data, assuming equilibration of parity and a spin-cutoff model for the spin distribution at the neutron binding energy, and find good agreement with the exception of $^{63}$Ni.

M. Bonett-Matiz; Abhishek Mukherjee; Y. Alhassid

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Maximum Photovoltaic Penetration Levels on Typical Distribution Feeders: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper presents simulation results for a taxonomy of typical distribution feeders with various levels of photovoltaic (PV) penetration. For each of the 16 feeders simulated, the maximum PV penetration that did not result in steady-state voltage or current violation is presented for several PV location scenarios: clustered near the feeder source, clustered near the midpoint of the feeder, clustered near the end of the feeder, randomly located, and evenly distributed. In addition, the maximum level of PV is presented for single, large PV systems at each location. Maximum PV penetration was determined by requiring that feeder voltages stay within ANSI Range A and that feeder currents stay within the ranges determined by overcurrent protection devices. Simulations were run in GridLAB-D using hourly time steps over a year with randomized load profiles based on utility data and typical meteorological year weather data. For 86% of the cases simulated, maximum PV penetration was at least 30% of peak load.

Hoke, A.; Butler, R.; Hambrick, J.; Kroposki, B.

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

EDITORS’CHOICE  

combustion for energy generation. ... double membrane punctured by nuclear pores. ... surface. Without plants, the climate would

386

Shale oil: process choices  

SciTech Connect

The four broad categories of shale-oil processing are discussed. All of these processes share the basic function of retorting oil-shale rock at high temperature so that the kerogen material in the rocks is thermally decomposed to shale oil and gaseous products. The technologies and the organizations working on their development are: solids-to-solids heating, The Oil Shale Co. (TOSCO) and Lurgi-Rhur; gas-to-solids heating with internal gas combustion, U. S. Bureau of Mines, Development Engineering Inc. and Union Oil of California; gas-to-solid heating with external heat generation, Development Engineering, Union Oil, Petrobas, and Institute of Gas Technology; and in-situ retorting, Occidental Petroleum Corp. The TOSCO II process is considered proven and on the verge of commercialization. (BLM)

1974-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

387

Happiness and public choice  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Apr 20, 2010 ... tably Greece and Italy) resorted to accounting tricks or “creative .... Central banking, monetary theory and practice: essays in honour of Charles ...

388

Improved method for determining tank heel volumes  

SciTech Connect

As part of the tank calibration process, the instrument heel is that part of the tank that cannot be measured by the liquid level instrumentation. if the tank being calibrated is not a bottom drain tank, some volume of fluid will be present in the bottom of the tank after draining as much as possible. The amount of fluid remaining in the tank at the start of each run can be estimated by measuring a concentration change of an added spiking material. With the great improvement of liquid level measuring instruments, the total error associated with the instrument heel determination can be greatly affected by the laboratory method used to measure the concentration difference. At the Savannah River Site, the laboratory method used has historically been Direct Current Plasma Emission Spectroscopy, which yielded very marginal results at best. In the most recent tank calibrations, the laboratory method was changed to Absorption Spectrophotometry, which reduces the total error on the instrument heel measurement by a factor of 2.5 times. This paper describes the method used to determine tank instrument heels and the improvements made to this process.

Holt, S.H.; Livingston, R.R.; Nave, S.E.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Intelligence and Counterintellig...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Intelligence and Counterintelligence Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Intelligence and Counterintelligence Categorical Exclusion Determinations issued by Intelligence and...

390

Ash bed level control system for a fixed-bed coal gasifier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ash level control system is provided which incorporates an ash level meter to automatically control the ash bed level of a coal gasifier at a selected level. The ash level signal from the ash level meter is updated during each cycle that a bed stirrer travels up and down through the extent of the ash bed level. The ash level signal is derived from temperature measurements made by thermocouples carried by the stirrer as it passes through the ash bed and into the fire zone immediately above the ash bed. The level signal is compared with selected threshold level signal to determine if the ash level is above or below the selected level once each stirrer cycle. A first counter is either incremented or decremented accordingly. The registered count of the first counter is preset in a down counter once each cycle and the preset count is counted down at a selected clock rate. A grate drive is activated to rotate a grate assembly supporting the ash bed for a period equal to the count down period to maintain the selected ash bed level. In order to avoid grate binding, the controller provides a short base operating duration time each stirrer cycle. If the ash bed level drops below a selected low level or exceeds a selected high level, means are provided to notify the operator.

Fasching, George E. (Morgantown, WV); Rotunda, John R. (Fairmont, WV)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Ash level meter for a fixed-bed coal gasifier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ash level meter for a fixed-bed coal gasifier is provided which utilizes the known ash level temperature profile to monitor the ash bed level. A bed stirrer which travels up and down through the extent of the bed ash level is modified by installing thermocouples to measure the bed temperature as the stirrer travels through the stirring cycle. The temperature measurement signals are transmitted to an electronic signal process system by an FM/FM telemetry system. The processing system uses the temperature signals together with an analog stirrer position signal, taken from a position transducer disposed to measure the stirrer position to compute the vertical location of the ash zone upper boundary. The circuit determines the fraction of each total stirrer cycle time the stirrer-derived bed temperature is below a selected set point, multiplies this fraction by the average stirrer signal level, multiplies this result by an appropriate constant and adds another constant such that a 1 to 5 volt signal from the processor corresponds to a 0 to 30 inch span of the ash upper boundary level. Three individual counters in the processor store clock counts that are representative of: (1) the time the stirrer temperature is below the set point (500.degree. F.), (2) the time duration of the corresponding stirrer travel cycle, and (3) the corresponding average stirrer vertical position. The inputs to all three counters are disconnected during any period that the stirrer is stopped, eliminating corruption of the measurement by stirrer stoppage.

Fasching, George E. (Morgantown, WV)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Basis for National and International Low Activity and Very Low Level Waste Disposal Classifications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to determine whether the Very Low Level Waste (VLLW) category would be a viable option in the United States, European and U.S. experiences were reviewed in detail.

2012-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

393

Coordinated inventory models with compensation policy in a three level supply chain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we develop inventory models for the three level supply chain (one supplier, one warehouse, and one retailer) and consider the problem of determining the optimal integer multiple n of time interval, time interval between successive ...

Jeong Hun Lee; Il Kyeong Moon

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

DOE G 435.1-1 Chapter 4, Low-Level Waste Requirements  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

The guide provides criteria for determining which DOE radioactive wastes are to be managed as low-level waste in accordance with DOE M 435.1-1, Chapter IV.

1999-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

395

DOE G 435.1-1 Chapter 2, High-Level Waste Requirements  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

The guide provides the criteria for determining which DOE radioactive wastes are to be managed as high-level waste in accordance with DOE M 435.1-1.

1999-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

396

Prospects for Doppler cooling of three-electronic-level molecules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Analogous to the extension of laser cooling techniques from two-level to three-level atoms, Doppler cooling of molecules with an intermediate electronic state is considered. In particular, we use a rate-equation approach to simulate cooling of SiO{sup +}, in which population buildup in the intermediate state is prevented by its short lifetime. We determine that Doppler cooling of SiO{sup +} can be accomplished without optically repumping from the intermediate state, at the cost of causing undesirable parity flips and rotational diffusion. Since the necessary repumping would require a large number of continuous-wave lasers, optical pulse shaping of a femtosecond laser is proposed as an attractive alternative. Other candidate three-electron-level molecules are also discussed.

Nguyen, J. H. V.; Odom, B. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, Illinois 60208 (United States)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

397

PTC, ITC, or Cash Grant? An Analysis of the Choice Facing Renewable Power Projects in the United States  

SciTech Connect

Renewable power technologies are inherently capital-intensive, often (but not always) with relatively high construction costs and low operating costs. For this reason, renewable power technologies are typically more sensitive to the availability and cost of financing than are natural gas power plants, for example. In the United States, the bulk of renewable project finance in recent years has been provided by 'tax equity investors' (typically large investment banks and insurance companies) who partner with project developers through highly specialized financing structures (Bolinger, 2009; Cory et al., 2008; Harper et al., 2007). These structures have been designed primarily to capitalize on federal support for renewable power technologies, which has historically come in the form of tax credits and accelerated depreciation deductions. The number of tax equity investors active in the renewable power market has declined precipitously, however, as a result of the financial crisis that began unfolding across the globe in the summer of 2008. The resulting shortage and increased cost of project financing has, in turn, slowed the development of new renewable power projects, leading to layoffs throughout the entire industry supply chain. In recognition of the fact that tax-based policy incentives are not particularly effective when tax burdens are shrinking or non-existent, Congress included several provisions in 'The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009' (ARRA 2009) designed to make federal incentives for renewable power technologies more useful. Among these provisions is one that allows projects eligible to receive the production tax credit ('the PTC', see Text Box 1) to instead elect the investment tax credit ('the ITC', see Text Box 2). Another provision enables ITC-eligible projects (which now include most PTC-eligible renewable power projects) to instead receive--for a limited time only--a cash grant of equivalent value. These two provisions (among others) could have a significant impact on how renewable power projects are financed over the next few years. The purpose of this report is to both quantitatively and qualitatively analyze, from the project developer/owner perspective, the choice between the PTC and the ITC (or equivalent cash grant) for a number of different renewable power technologies.1 Because the two credits are structured differently, and apply in different ways to different technologies, the choice between the two lends itself to quantitative financial analysis of the conditions under which either the PTC or the ITC would, at least in theory, provide greater financial value. Qualitative considerations may be equally important, however, particularly in instances where quantitative differences are modest. This report proceeds as follows. Section 2 provides a brief summary of ARRA 2009, with some emphasis on those provisions designed to ease the liquidity crisis facing the renewable power sector. Section 3 describes the quantitative analysis methodology, as well as modeling results for wind, open-loop biomass, closed-loop biomass, geothermal, and landfill gas projects. Section 4 discusses a number of qualitative considerations that may play as important of a role as quantitative results in deciding between the PTC and the ITC (or equivalent cash grant). Section 5 concludes, and an Appendix provides supplemental tables that present quantitative analysis results conducted at different discount rates.

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan; Cory, Karlynn; James, Ted

2009-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

398

Method of determining glass durability  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is described for determining one or more leachate concentrations of one or more components of a glass composition in an aqueous solution of the glass composition by identifying the components of the glass composition, including associated oxides, determining a preliminary glass dissolution estimator, {Delta}G{sub p}, based upon the free energies of hydration for the component reactant species, determining an accelerated glass dissolution function, {Delta}G{sub a}, based upon the free energy associated with weak acid dissociation, {Delta}G{sub a}{sup WA}, and accelerated matrix dissolution at high pH, {Delta}G{sub a}{sup SB} associated with solution strong base formation, and determining a final hydration free energy, {Delta}G{sub f}. This final hydration free energy is then used to determine leachate concentrations for elements of interest using a regression analysis and the formula log{sub 10}(N C{sub i}(g/L))=a{sub i} + b{sub i}{Delta}G{sub f}. The present invention also includes a method to determine whether a particular glass to be produced will be homogeneous or phase separated. The present invention is also directed to methods of monitoring and controlling processes for making glass using these determinations to modify the feedstock materials until a desired glass durability and homogeneity is obtained. 4 figs.

Jantzen, C.M.; Pickett, J.B.; Brown, K.G.; Edwards, T.B.

1998-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

399

Boundary determinations for trivariate solids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The trivariate tensor-product B-spline solid is a direct extension of the B-spline patch and has been shown to be useful in the creation and visualization of free-form geometric solids. Visualizing these solid objects requires the determination of the boundary surface of the solid, which is a combination of parametric and implicit surfaces. This paper presents a method that determines the implicit boundary surface by examination of the Jacobian determinant of the defining B-spline function. Using an approximation to this determinant, the domain space is adaptively subdivided until a mesh can be determined such that the boundary surface is close to linear in the cells of the mesh. A variation of the marching cubes algorithm is then used to draw the surface. Interval approximation techniques are used to approximate the Jacobian determinant and to approximate the Jacobian determinant gradient for use in the adaptive subdivision methods. This technique can be used to create free-form solid objects, useful in geometric modeling applications.

Duchaineau, M; Joy, K I

1999-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

400

Method of determining glass durability  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for determining one or more leachate concentrations of one or more components of a glass composition in an aqueous solution of the glass composition by identifying the components of the glass composition, including associated oxides, determining a preliminary glass dissolution estimator, .DELTA.G.sub.p, based upon the free energies of hydration for the component reactant species, determining an accelerated glass dissolution function, .DELTA.G.sub.a, based upon the free energy associated with weak acid dissociation, .DELTA.G.sub.a.sup.WA, and accelerated matrix dissolution at high pH, .DELTA.G.sub.a.sup.SB associated with solution strong base formation, and determining a final hydration free energy, .DELTA.G.sub.f. This final hydration free energy is then used to determine leachate concentrations for elements of interest using a regression analysis and the formula log.sub.10 (N C.sub.i (g/L))=a.sub.i +b.sub.i .DELTA.G.sub.f. The present invention also includes a method to determine whether a particular glass to be produced will be homogeneous or phase separated. The present invention is also directed to methods of monitoring and controlling processes for making glass using these determinations to modify the feedstock materials until a desired glass durability and homogeneity is obtained.

Jantzen, Carol Maryanne (Aiken, SC); Pickett, John Butler (Aiken, SC); Brown, Kevin George (Augusta, GA); Edwards, Thomas Barry (Aiken, SC)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

A Virtual Test Approach to Incorporate Materials and Manufacturing Processes to Aid Design choices in High Performance Composites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increasing use of fibre reinforced composites in structural components in the aerospace industry is providing many challenges to designers in understanding how they can be used more effectively to exploit their advantages. One of the main challenges is the selection of lay-ups for a given application. The difficulty lies in the variability that is achievable with composites. Each new layup or configuration is effectively a new material and requires and extensive test programme to validate the performance, from coupons which give basic material characteristics, up through the test pyramid through to large sub-component which contains basic assemblies. This variety of testing gives confidence in understanding the material behaviour and performance in structural assemblies. On the other hand, the manufacturing process is also important here with different processes sometimes needed for different materials or thicknesses. This is a time consuming and expensive process requiring many thousands of small tests leading up to a few major tests which are complex to set up and carry out. This research is attempting to address this by developing a virtual test system which will sit hand-in-hand with a physical test system. The goal of virtual tests appears reachable using the finite element analysis technique in which many experimental tests can be replaced by high fidelity simulations. The payoff in reduced cycle time and costs for designing and certifying composite structures is very attractive; and the possibility also arises of considering material configurations that are too complex to certify by purely empirical methods. The validated simulations could then be subsequently used for variants or derivatives of composites to inform design choices and establish new validation programmes where appropriate. This paper presents a series of simulations of the critical testing procedures needed to validate high performance composites materials using linear and non-linear models and compares the results with physical test performed in carbon fibre specimens.

Gonzalez-Murillo, C.; Price, M. [School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Queens University, Belfast (United Kingdom)

2011-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

402

Microsoft Word - CERTIFICATION LEVEL REQUIREMENTS.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CERTIFICATION LEVEL CERTIFICATION LEVEL The CEG is intended to provide program secretarial officers and field element managers (including operations offices, site offices, area offices, project offices, and service centers) with the requirements and guidelines for evaluating PMCDP candidate competencies and requests for equivalencies at all four certification levels and continuing education. Persons planning to be certified under the PMCDP may attain certification levels with the following total project cost (TPC) limits: * Certification Level 4: TPC exceeding $400 million (M) * Certification Level 3: TPC greater than $100M and equal to or less than $400M * Certification Level 2: TPC greater than $20M and equal to or less than $100M * Certification Level 1: TPC greater than $5M and equal to or less than $20M

403

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Minnesota | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2012 CX-008997: Categorical Exclusion Determination Next Generation Solar Collectors for CSP CX(s) Applied: B3.6, B5.17 Date: 08142012 Location(s): Minnesota Offices(s): Golden...

404

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Nationwide | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Office September 21, 2010 CX-007105: Categorical Exclusion Determination United States China Clean Energy Research Center for Clean Vehicles CX(s) Applied: A1, A9, B1.2, B3.6,...

405

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Nationwide | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

16, 2011 CX-008025: Categorical Exclusion Determination Traffic Signals and Street Lighting CX(s) Applied: B1.32, B5.1 Date: 11162011 Location(s): Nationwide Offices(s):...

406

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Environmental Management...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Office February 12, 2010 CX-000893: Categorical Exclusion Determination Benchtop Distillation and Recovery of Volatile Solvents CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 02122010 Location(s):...

407

CX-006668: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6668: Categorical Exclusion Determination 6668: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-006668: Categorical Exclusion Determination Restoration of T-6-3 CX(s) Applied: B1.3, B1.22, B1.28, B5.2, B5.4, B6.1 Date: 11/16/2009 Location(s): Casper, Wyoming Office(s): RMOTC We will be removing the treater and building. Taking the building to 25X14. Taking the treater to the scrap yard to cut up for scrap. Will remove the manifold building and take that to 25X14 also. The piping that goes along with this will be flushed and capped. Then we will blade and level location, till and seed with native species of plants and grasses. DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD CX-006668.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-006675: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-006693: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-006647

408

CX-001237: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7: Categorical Exclusion Determination 7: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-001237: Categorical Exclusion Determination Silver Peak Innovative Exploration Project CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.1, B5.1 Date: 03/15/2010 Location(s): Esmerelda County, Reno, Nevada Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office Sierra Geothermal Power, Inc. would perform an exploration and drilling case study of the Silver Peak geothermal resource. The goal of this project is to reduce the level of risk during the early stages of geothermal project development and to determine the combination of techniques that are most useful and cost-effective in identifying the geothermal resource. DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD CX-001237.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-001238: Categorical Exclusion Determination

409

CX-005924: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

924: Categorical Exclusion Determination 924: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-005924: Categorical Exclusion Determination Light Emitting Diode Lighting CX(s) Applied: B2.5, B5.1 Date: 05/13/2011 Location(s): Dover, Delaware Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Replacement of 71 high pressure sodium (HPS) lights, with 71 light emitting diode (LED) lights - LED lights provide savings of up to - 30% on electricity (over HPS). In addition, LED lights will reduce maintenance costs, have a longer service life, provide manageability of illumination levels, and focus light specifically where needed, reducing light pollution. DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD CX-005924.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-001765: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-003723: Categorical Exclusion Determination

410

CX-008747: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7: Categorical Exclusion Determination 7: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-008747: Categorical Exclusion Determination Developing the Currently Existing Nuclear Instrumentation and Radiation Research Laboratories at Alcorn State University CX(s) Applied: B1.2 Date: 05/21/2012 Location(s): Idaho Offices(s): Idaho Operations Office The goal of this Alcorn State University (ASU) project is to improve the existing basic level nuclear instrumentation laboratory and expand the radiation research laboratory with the ASU Health Physics department for research and training. This will be accomplished by purchasing radiation detectors. Microsoft Word - DOE-ID-12-014 Alcorn State.doc More Documents & Publications CX-007770: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-008745: Categorical Exclusion Determination

411

CX-001012: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

12: Categorical Exclusion Determination 12: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-001012: Categorical Exclusion Determination Energy Efficiency of Data Networks through Rate Adaptation CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6 Date: 03/02/2010 Location(s): New Jersey Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office Alcatel-Lucent USA is proposing to use American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funding through the Department of Energy to investigate and develop novel approaches to the design, management, and programming of networking equipment to achieve high levels of energy performance. DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD CX-001012.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-001011: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-001017: Categorical Exclusion Determination Advance Patent Waiver W(A)2010-038

412

CX-010398: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

398: Categorical Exclusion Determination 398: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-010398: Categorical Exclusion Determination Power Line Configuration CX(s) Applied: B4.13 Date: 04/25/2013 Location(s): Idaho Offices(s): Idaho Operations Office Based on recommendations by the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) Cultural Resource Management (CRM) Office, the route of the insulated cables on the ground has been changed. This project will install temporary distribution-level power lines between Materials and Fuels Complex (MFC) and Critical Infrastructure Test Range Complex (CITRC) to support research and development and testing using electric power infrastructure. CX-010398.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-010091: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-002580: Categorical Exclusion Determination

413

CX-010218: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

10218: Categorical Exclusion Determination 10218: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-010218: Categorical Exclusion Determination Sustainable Energy for Business Districts in China CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 Date: 02/14/2013 Location(s): California Offices(s): Golden Field Office The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is proposing to provide federal funding to Optony, Inc. Optony would deploy the Sustainable Energy for business Districts model to address China's surging urban energy needs and greenhouse gas emissions via a district-level energy efficiency and renewable energy and smart grid technology deployment strategy to inform project implementation and public policy development. CX-010218.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-007858: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-001294: Categorical Exclusion Determination

414

CX-001373: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1373: Categorical Exclusion Determination 1373: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-001373: Categorical Exclusion Determination Analytical Development Tritium Support Laboratory for Mass Spectroscopy, Infrared Spectroscopy, and Raman CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 03/10/2010 Location(s): Aiken, South Carolina Office(s): Environmental Management, Savannah River Operations Office Analytical Development Laboratory 773A C143/147 is a double lab module used to develop analytical instrumentation and support Hydrogen Technology and other groups requiring analytical measurements of samples with low levels of tritium or possible exposure to tritium. DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD CX-001373.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-004196: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-004212: Categorical Exclusion Determination

415

CX-002530: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

530: Categorical Exclusion Determination 530: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-002530: Categorical Exclusion Determination Modular Salt Processing (MSP) Mixing Studies CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 05/24/2010 Location(s): Aiken, South Carolina Office(s): Environmental Management, Savannah River Operations Office The Modular Salt Processing (MSP) Project seeks to deploy equipment to remove the cesium (Cs), strontium (Sr), and select actinides from the high level waste salt solutions using existing waste tanks for shielding. This process will be tested in Engineering Development Laboratory (EDL) using non-radioactive simulants. DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD CX-002530.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-005770: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-006642: Categorical Exclusion Determination

416

CX-010739: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

39: Categorical Exclusion Determination 39: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-010739: Categorical Exclusion Determination Golden State Solar Impact CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 Date: 08/15/2013 Location(s): California Offices(s): Golden Field Office The California Center for Sustainable Energy as part of its Golden State Solar Impact project would use DOE and cost share funding, as part of the Rooftop Solar Challenge II Cooperative Agreement, to leverage the knowledge, experience and relationships developed by California participants in Phase I Rooftop Solar Challenge to eliminate market barriers and reduce the soft costs related to the deployment of solar energy at the local government level. CX-010739.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-010757: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-010743: Categorical Exclusion Determination

417

Gender determination of avian embryo  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is a method for gender determination of avian embryos. During the embryo incubation process, the outer hard shells of eggs are drilled and samples of allantoic fluid are removed. The allantoic fluids are directly introduced into an ion mobility spectrometer (IMS) for analysis. The resulting spectra contain the relevant marker peaks in the positive or negative mode which correlate with unique mobilities which are sex-specific. This way, the gender of the embryo can be determined.

Daum, Keith A. (Idaho Falls, ID); Atkinson, David A. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Vibrational and Electronic Energy Level Searches  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... options based on vibrational and electronic energies are available: ... the tabulated vibrational and electronic energy level data ... All rights reserved. ...

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

419

Wavelengths, Transition Probabilities, and Energy Levels for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Energy level values, with designations and uncertainties, have ... In addition, ground states, ionization energies, and hyperfine ... All rights reserved. ...

2013-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

420

Energy Levels of Neutral Uranium ( U I )  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Data, Uranium (U) Homepage - Introduction Finding list Select element by name. ... Version Energy Levels of Neutral Uranium ( U I ). ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

NIST - Atomic Energy Levels and Spectra Bibliographic ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... in this database are from Bibliography on Atomic Energy Levels and ... references to atomic transition probabilities, line intensities, or broadening. ...

422

An indicator energy of two close levels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we introduce a concept of an indicator energy of two close levels in the perturbation.

Alexander V. Shamanin

2013-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

423

Energy Levels of Neutral Thorium ( Th I )  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Data, Thorium (Th) Homepage - Introduction Finding list Select element by name. ... Version Energy Levels of Neutral Thorium ( Th I ). ...

424

Wavelengths, Transition Probabilities, and Energy Levels for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Wavelengths, Transition Probabilities, and Energy Levels for the Spectra of Sodium „Na I–Na XI… JE Sansonettia ...

2012-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

425

Power-aware multiband-multistandard CMOS receiver system-level budgeting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A systematic system-level design methodology for multiband-multistandard (MB-MS) wideband/reconfigurable CMOS receivers is presented. The methodology determines the specifications (noise figure (NF) and linearity) for each building block to minimize ... Keywords: multiband-multistandard (MB-MS) CMOS receiver, power consumption, system-level budgeting

Mohamed El-Nozahi; Edgar Sánchez-Sinencio; Kamran Entesari

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

A switch level fault simulation environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a fault simulation environment which accepts pure switch level or mixed switch/RT level descriptions of the design under test. Switch level fault injection strategies for the stuck-at, transition and logic bridge models are presented. ...

V. Krishnaswamy; J. Casas; T. Tetzlaff

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

From here to human-level AI  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Human-level AI will be achieved, but new ideas are almost certainly needed, so a date cannot be reliably predicted-maybe five years, maybe five hundred years. I'd be inclined to bet on this 21st century. It is not surprising that human-level AI has proved ... Keywords: Elaboration tolerance, Human-level AI

John McCarthy

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Designing ontologies for higher level fusion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of higher level fusion is to produce contextual understanding of the states of the environment and prediction of their impact in relation to specific goals of decision makers. One of the main challenges of designing higher level fusion processes ... Keywords: Basic formal ontology (BFO), Higher level fusion, Mereotopology, Ontology, Postdisaster environment, Relations

Eric G. Little; Galina L. Rogova

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Comparison of ELCAP data with lighting and equipment load levels and profiles assumed in regional models  

SciTech Connect

The analysis in this report was driven by two primary objectives: to determine whether and to what extent the lighting and miscellaneous equipment electricity consumption measured by metering in real buildings differs from the levels assumed in the various prototypes used in power forecasting; and to determine the reasons for those differences if, in fact, differences were found. 13 refs., 47 figs., 4 tabs.

Taylor, Z.T.; Pratt, R.G.

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

On EPR-type Entanglement in the Experiments of Scully et Al. II. Insight in the Real Random Delayed-choice Erasure Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It was pointed out in the first part of this study that EPR-type entanglement is defined by the possibility of performing any of two mutually incompatible distant, i. e.,direct-interaction-free, measurements. They go together under the term 'EPR-type disentanglement'. In this second part, quantum-mechanical insight is gained in the real random delayed-choice erasure experiment of Kim et al. [Kim et al.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 1-5 (2000)] by a relative-reality-of- unitarily-evolving-state (RRUES) approach (explained in the first part). Finally, it is shown that this remarkable experiment, which performs, by random choice, two incompatible measurements at the same time, is actually an EPR-type disentanglement experiment, closely related to the micromaser experiment discussed in the first part.

Fedor Herbut

2008-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

431

Comparison of Two Methods of Noise Power Spectrum Determinations of Medical Radiography Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Noise in medical images is recognized as an important factor that determines the image quality. Image noise is characterized by noise power spectrum (NPS). We compared two methods of NPS determination namely the methods of Wagner and Dobbins on Lanex Regular TMG screen-film system and Hologic Lorad Selenia full field digital mammography system, with the aim of choosing the better method to use. The methods differ in terms of various parametric choices and algorithm implementations. These parameters include the low pass filtering, low frequency filtering, windowing, smoothing, aperture correction, overlapping of region of interest (ROI), length of fast Fourier transform, ROI size, method of ROI normalization, and slice selection of the NPS. Overall, the two methods agreed to the practical value of noise power spectrum between 10{sup -3}-10{sup -6} mm{sup 2} over spatial frequency range 0-10 mm{sup -1}.

Hassan, Wan Muhamad Saridan Wan; Ahmed Darwish, Zeki [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Skudai, Johor DT (Malaysia)

2011-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

432

Secretarial Determination Pursuant to the USEC Privatization...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Secretarial Determination Pursuant to the USEC Privatization Act Secretarial Determination Pursuant to the USEC Privatization Act Secretary Steven Chu determined that such sales or...

433

An analysis of the differences between national and local coverage determinations of medical procedures in the US  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Medicare coverage policies of medical procedures can be promulgated at a national level by the Centers of Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) as National Coverage Determinations (NCDs) or at a local level by Medicare ...

Díaz Treviño, Rafael

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

NDAA Section 3116 Waste Determinations with Related Disposal Performance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NDAA Section NDAA Section 3116 Waste Determinations with Related Disposal Performance Assessments NDAA Section 3116 Waste Determinations with Related Disposal Performance Assessments Section 3116 of the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005 authorizes the Secretary of Energy, in consultation with the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, to reclassify certain waste from reprocessing spent nuclear fuel from high-level waste to low-level waste if it meets the criteria set forth in Section 3116. Section 3116 is currently only applicable to Idaho National Laboratory (INL) and the Savannah River Site (SRS). The other two DOE sites with similar waste (residuals remaining after cleaning out tanks and equipment that held liquid high-level waste)

435

CX-008744: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

44: Categorical Exclusion Determination 44: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-008744: Categorical Exclusion Determination Implementation of a Low-Level Gamma-Ray Counting Facility - University of Texas at Austin CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 05/22/2012 Location(s): Idaho Offices(s): Idaho Operations Office The prime objective of this University of Texas proposal is to implement a dedicated low-level background gamma-ray counting Compton suppression system for teaching and research. This will be accomplished by purchasing a HPGe low-background gamma ray detector, low-background streamline vertical cryostat, and additional associated equipment. Microsoft Word - DOE-ID-12-018 Texas.doc More Documents & Publications Grade Assignments for Models Used for Calibration of Gross-Count Gamma-Ray Logging Systems (December 1983)

436

CX-002021: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1: Categorical Exclusion Determination 1: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-002021: Categorical Exclusion Determination Adult Detention Facility Energy Conservation Projects - Day Light Sensors for Dimming Lights CX(s) Applied: B2.2, B2.5, B5.1 Date: 04/27/2010 Location(s): Lancaster County, Nebraska Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program. Daylight sensors currently exist in the design to allow lighting in some areas exposed to natural light to be shut off at a predetermined natural/exterior light level. Light fixtures in skylight areas are the fixtures currently being controlled by the daylight sensors. The control currently only allows for an "on/off" scenario. 0-10 volt dimming of the fixtures would allow for lighting levels to be decreased in proportion with the increase in natural

437

CX-006035: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

35: Categorical Exclusion Determination 35: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-006035: Categorical Exclusion Determination Idaho National Laboratory ? U.S. Geological Survey Geotechnical Drilling Program (USGS 131A) CX(s) Applied: B3.1 Date: 05/18/2011 Location(s): Idaho Office(s): Nuclear Energy, Idaho Operations Office The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) proposes to use an existing well pad to construct a replacement well, USGS131A, about 25 feet north of the original well head (USGS 131). USGS 131A will be drilled to about 1,300 feet below surface level (BSL) then instrumented with a multilevel monitoring system in fiscal year 2012. The new well will replace USGS 131, which will be abandoned or used as a water level monitoring well. USGS 131 has casing stuck in it that does not allow for multilevel instrumentation, therefore,

438

CX-006229: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9: Categorical Exclusion Determination 9: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-006229: Categorical Exclusion Determination Modification of the Multi-Purpose Building to Facilitate Storing Low-Level, Mixed Low Level and Transuranic Waste at the Transuranic Waste Processing Center on the Oak Ridge Reservation, Oak Ridge, Tennessee CX(s) Applied: B6.10 Date: 06/30/2011 Location(s): Oak Ridge, Tennessee Office(s): Science, Oak Ridge Office The Department of Energy Oak Ridge Office proposed activity is to modify the Multi-Purpose Building at the Transuranic Waste Processing Center to support waste storage in the south end of the building. Specific modifications needed include installation of a shield wall to protect workers who will be conducting activities in the north end of the building. DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD

439

CX-004455: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

455: Categorical Exclusion Determination 455: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-004455: Categorical Exclusion Determination Geotechnical Investigation for Idaho National Laboratory Remote-Handled Low-Level Waste Disposal CX(s) Applied: B3.1 Date: 11/12/2010 Location(s): Idaho Falls, Idaho Office(s): Nuclear Energy, Idaho Operations Office The proposed action would conduct geotechnical investigations at two 4-6 acre candidate sites for a Remote-Handled Low-Level Waste (RH LLW) Facility at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). One site is located southwest of the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR)-Complex and the other site is located west of and across Lincoln Boulevard from the Idaho Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) Disposal Facility (ICDF). DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD

440

Scenarios of the TWRS low-level waste disposal program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As a result of past Department of Energy (DOE) weapons material production operations, Hanford now stores nuclear waste from processing facilities in underground tanks on the 200 Area plateau. An agreement between the DOE, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the Washington state Department of Ecology (the Tri-Party Agreement, or TPA) establishes an enforceable schedule and a technical framework for recovering, processing, solidifying, and disposing of the Hanford tank wastes. The present plan includes retrieving the tank waste, pretreating the waste to separate into low level and high level streams, and converting both streams to a glass waste form. The low level glass will represent by far the largest volume and lowest quantity of radioactivity (i.e., large volume of waste chemicals) of waste requiring disposal. The low level glass waste will be retrievably stored in sub-surface disposal vaults for several decades. If the low level disposal system proves to be acceptable, the disposal site will be closed with the low level waste in place. If, however, at some time the disposal system is found to be unacceptable, then the waste can be retrieved and dealt with in some other manner. WHC is planning to emplace the waste so that it is retrievable for up to 50 years after completion of the tank waste processing. Acceptability of disposal of the TWRS low level waste at Hanford depends on technical, cultural, and political considerations. The Performance Assessment is a major part of determining whether the proposed disposal action is technically defensible. A Performance Assessment estimates the possible future impact to humans and the environment for thousands of years into the future. In accordance with the TPA technical strategy, WHC plans to design a near-surface facility suitable for disposal of the glass waste.

NONE

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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441

CIM Equipment List (by Level of Reservation Access) LEVEL 1. General Inventory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CIM Equipment List (by Level of Reservation Access) LEVEL 1. General Inventory All CIM Adapter (5) Glidetrack DSLR slider (1) AVC Analog-Digital Converter (1) LEVEL 2. Advanced Inventory CIM

Schaefer, Marcus

442

County, CA. RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

access road maintenance access road maintenance and replacement of down guy wlfes and guy anchors on structure16/5 on the existing (Army Tap) Gila-Senator Wash 69-kV T.L. in Imperial County, CA. RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION A. Proposed Action: Western proposes to conduct maintenance on access roads leading to structure 16/5 of the Gila-Senator Wash 69kV Transmission Line. All work will be done along existing access roads. This will consist of blading and leveling out areas of the existing access road using dozers, bucket trucks, crew trucks and pickup trucks. A backhoe will be used during replacement of the anchor guy and down guys, This work is necessary to maintain the safety and reliability of the bulk electrical system. The attached map shows the project area situated within Section 5 Township 15

443

CX-001298: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-001298: Categorical Exclusion Determination Full-Scale Mercury Control Demonstrations: Information Collection Request Sampling with Mercury Control...

444

CX-006848: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-006848: Categorical Exclusion Determination State Energy Program American Recovery and Reinvestment Act - Deployment of Innovative Energy...

445

CX-003206: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-003206: Categorical Exclusion Determination BioenergyBionanotechnology Projects Louisiana Technical University, Ruston (Louisiana) CX(s)...

446

CX-000690: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-000690: Categorical Exclusion Determination Pennsylvania - Economic Development Authority Sustainable Business Recovery: Solar Farm at...

447

CX-006496: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-006496: Categorical Exclusion Determination Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership Phase 3: Michigan 3-Dimensional Seismic Data Collection...

448

CX-000425: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Determination CX-000425: Categorical Exclusion Determination Geoscience Perspectives in Carbon Sequestration: Educational Training and Research through Classroom, Field, and...

449

EA-1835: Environmental Assessment Determination | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Assessment Determination EA-1835: Environmental Assessment Determination Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (MRCSP) Phase II Michigan Basin Project in Chester...

450

CX-008439: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-008439: Categorical Exclusion Determination Modeling Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Saline Aquifer and Depleted Oil Reservoir (Task 17 -...

451

CX-002613: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-002613: Categorical Exclusion Determination Modeling Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Saline Aquifer and Depleted Oil Reservoir to Evaluate...

452

CX-000424: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Determination CX-000424: Categorical Exclusion Determination Geoscience Perspectives in Carbon Sequestration: Educational Training and Research through Classroom, Field, and...

453

CX-002609: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-002609: Categorical Exclusion Determination Modeling Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Saline Aquifer and Depleted Oil Reservoir to Evaluate...

454

CX-008441: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-008441: Categorical Exclusion Determination Modeling Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Saline Aquifer and Depleted Oil Reservoir (Task 17 -...

455

CX-002612: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-002612: Categorical Exclusion Determination Modeling Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Saline Aquifer and Depleted Oil Reservoir to Evaluate...

456

CX-008440: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-008440: Categorical Exclusion Determination Modeling Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Saline Aquifer and Depleted Oil Reservoir (Task 17 -...

457

CX-008794: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-008794: Categorical Exclusion Determination Transformer Replacement and Foundation Work at Flaming Gorge Substation Daggett County, Utah...

458

CX-003056: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Determination CX-003056: Categorical Exclusion Determination Synchrophasor Based Tracking Three Phase State Estimator and Its Applications (Summary Categorical Exclusion)...

459

CX-008811: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-008811: Categorical Exclusion Determination Utility Energy Service Contract Closed Loop Centrifugal Chiller at the Central Chilled Water...

460

CX-000294: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-000294: Categorical Exclusion Determination A Novel Biogas Desulphurization Sorbent Technology for Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell- Based Combined...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

CX-000293: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-000293: Categorical Exclusion Determination A Novel Biogas Desulphurization Sorbent Technology for Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell - Based Combined...

462

CX-000669: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-000669: Categorical Exclusion Determination Illinois Energy Conservation Plan for State Facilities - Capital Development Board Projects...

463

CX-010280: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-010280: Categorical Exclusion Determination Illinois Institute of Technology-Industry Collaborations: Synchrophasor Engineering Research...

464

CX-008720: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-008720: Categorical Exclusion Determination Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Acquisition of Oregon Trail Electric Cooperative Disconnect...

465

CX-001687: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-001687: Categorical Exclusion Determination Wisconsin Clean Transportation Program (Biodiesel) Date: 04222010 Location(s): Cumberland,...

466

CX-001172: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

72: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-001172: Categorical Exclusion Determination Distributed Dynamic State Estimators, Generator Parameter Estimation and Stability Monitoring...

467

CX-001171: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-001171: Categorical Exclusion Determination Distributed Dynamic State Estimators, Generator Parameter Estimation and Stability Monitoring...

468

CX-008908: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-008908: Categorical Exclusion Determination Field Test and Evaluation of Engineered Biomineralization Technology for Sealing Existing Wells...

469

CX-003366: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-003366: Categorical Exclusion Determination Advanced Combustion Controls - Enabling Systems and Solutions (ACCESS) for High Efficiency Vehicles...

470

CX-003365: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-003365: Categorical Exclusion Determination Advanced Combustion Controls - Enabling Systems and Solutions (ACCESS) for High Efficiency Vehicles...

471

CX-009383: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-009383: Categorical Exclusion Determination Hybrid Rotor Compression for Multiphase and Liquids-Rich Wellhead Production Applications (Summary...

472

CX-005692: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-005692: Categorical Exclusion Determination State Energy Program Illinois Green Industry Business Development and Large Customer Energy...

473

CX-010952: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-010952: Categorical Exclusion Determination Biofuels Retail Availability Improvement Network - Biodiesel Fueling Infrastructure CX(s)...

474

CX-011024: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-011024: Categorical Exclusion Determination Biofuels Retail Availability Improvement Network - Biodiesel Fueling Infrastructure CX(s)...

475

CX-006834: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-006834: Categorical Exclusion Determination Biomass Pre-Extraction, Hydrolysis and Conversion Process Improvements for an Integrated...

476

CX-004679: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-004679: Categorical Exclusion Determination Enhanced Oil Recovery from the Bakken Shale Using Surfactant Imbibition Couple with Gravity...

477

CX-010450: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-010450: Categorical Exclusion Determination Biofuel Retail Availability Improvement Network - Biodiesel Infrastructure Installation CX(s)...

478

CX-010465: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-010465: Categorical Exclusion Determination Biofuel Retail Availability Improvement Network - Biodiesel Infrastructure Installation CX(s)...

479

CX-010449: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-010449: Categorical Exclusion Determination Biofuel Retail Availability Improvement Network - Biodiesel Infrastructure Installation CX(s)...

480

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Brookhaven Site Office...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Brookhaven Site Office Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Brookhaven Site Office Categorical Exclusion Determinations issued by Brookhaven Site Office. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

CX-008314: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-008314: Categorical Exclusion Determination Next Generation Environmentally-Friendly Driving Feedback Systems Research and Development...

482

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Office of Electricity Delivery...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Categorical Exclusion Determinations issued...

483

CX-006453: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-006453: Categorical Exclusion Determination Geothermal Incentive Program - Matunaliec Residence geothermal (Deercliff Road) CX(s) Applied:...

484

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: National Energy Technology...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Other Agencies You are here Home Categorical Exclusion Determinations: National Energy Technology Laboratory Categorical Exclusion Determinations: National Energy...

485

CX-000745: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-000745: Categorical Exclusion Determination Beneficial Carbon Dioxide Capture in an Integrated Algal Biorefinery for Renewable Generation and...

486

CX-007089: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-007089: Categorical Exclusion Determination Dynamic Integrated Compression Experimental Facility: Three-Inch Light Gas Gun & Small Pulser -...

487

CX-010175: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-010175: Categorical Exclusion Determination Radiation Heat Transfer and Turbulent Fluctuations in Internal Combustion Engines - Toward...

488

CX-010176: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-010176: Categorical Exclusion Determination Radiation Heat Transfer and Turbulent Fluctuations in Internal Combustion Engines - Toward...

489

CX-003509: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-003509: Categorical Exclusion Determination State Energy Program American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Energy Innovations Expansion of...

490

CX-009310: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

10: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-009310: Categorical Exclusion Determination Optimization of Reservoir Storage Capacity in Different Depositional Environments (Rock...

491

CX-010216: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-010216: Categorical Exclusion Determination Design and Optimization of a Biochemical Production Platform with Biosensor-guided Synthetic...

492

CX-009311: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-009311: Categorical Exclusion Determination Optimization of Reservoir Storage Capacity in Different Depositional Environments (Champaign)...

493

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Energy Technology Engineering...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Administration Other Agencies You are here Home Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Energy Technology Engineering Center Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Energy...

494

CX-006521: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-006521: Categorical Exclusion Determination Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Cathodes: Unraveling the Relationship Between Structure and Surface Chemistry...

495

CX-007768: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-007768: Categorical Exclusion Determination General Infrastructure to Enhance Nuclear Materials Research and Education at the University of...

496

CX-007774: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-007774: Categorical Exclusion Determination Rensselaer Infrastructure Upgrade to Enhance Research and Education in Nuclear Engineering -...

497

CX-002988: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-002988: Categorical Exclusion Determination Hydrogen Research Technology Laboratory 141: General Chemical Support Operations for...

498

CX-006538: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-006538: Categorical Exclusion Determination Bringing Hydrogen Fuel Cell Systems into Green Communities - University Retirement Center at Davis...

499

CX-006153: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-006153: Categorical Exclusion Determination Recovery State Energy Program - Renewable Energy Incentives - Schwartz Residence Closed Loop Heat Pump...

500

CX-003918: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-003918: Categorical Exclusion Determination State Energy Program: Strengthening Building Retrofit Markets and Stimulating Energy Efficiency...