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1

Determinants of physicians' career choices in Ukraine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Political and economic changes have created challenges for physician attrition rates in Ukraine. This study examined how a cross-section of Ukrainian physicians prioritised the factors hypothesised to influence decisions about continuing to work in medicine. A survey was conducted with 443 physicians in Ukraine. Latent class choice analysis (LCA) was used to model the heterogeneity in pair-wise comparisons of factors related to physician continued employment in medicine. The response rate was 70% (N = 310). Respondents, on average, were 45.4 years old, practiced 21.6 years. Four groups were identified on the basis of how they prioritised factors about work. Group 1 (47.7%) was 'culture-focused', group 2 (27.7%) was 'advancement-focused', group 3 (16.2%) was 'routinisation-focused', and group 4 (8.5%) was 'externally-focused'. The use of a person-centred analytical approach represents an alternative for examining career decision issues that should be considered for subgroups within the workforce.

Olena Mazurenko; Haiyan Qu; Olesya Hulchiy; S. Robert Hernandez; Richard Shewchuk

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Dialyzers biocompatibility and efficiency determinants of sterilization method choice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

SummaryIntroduction When selecting a dialyzer, the criteria of biocompatibility entering the choice of the dialyzer are based on the nature of the polymer constituting the membrane, but rarely on the dialyzer sterilization methods. Methods Thus, it seemed necessary to analyze the advantages and the disadvantages of the modes of sterilization and to analyze their impact on the performances and the biocompatibility of dialyzers to integrate this parameter to their investment choices for the kidney machine. Results Radiation sterilization induces structural modifications of the dialyzers components. Beta radiation causes fewer modifications than gamma radiation; these structural modifications can release cytotoxic components. Steam sterilization is a reference in terms of security for thermostable materials with an added benefit for steam process, which allows the removal of waste generated during the dialyzer's manufacturing. Discussion For the same membrane, performances of the dialyzers change according to the methods of sterilization, inducing different performances and different uses. Conclusion To conclude, beyond the choice of the polymer, the method of sterilization should consistently be taken into account in therapeutic choices and purchase of dialyzers. Considering its very high biocompatibility and considering the acquired experience, moist heat sterilization is to be favored in the choice of dialyzers of equivalent performances. Furthermore, non-heat sensitive products have to be developed first and foremost with this mode of sterilization.

B. Allard; R. Begri; J. Potier; S. Coupel

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

The determination of cooking characteristics of USDA choice versus USDA select retail beef cuts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE DETERMINATION OF COOKING CHARACTERISTICS OF USDA CHOICE VERSUS USDA SELECT RETAIL BEEF CUTS A Thesis by GREGORY LOUIS LUCHAK Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE MAY 1991 Major Subject: Animal Science THE DETERMINATION OF COOKING CHARACTERISTICS OF USDA CHOICE VERSUS USDA SELECT RETAIL BEEF CUTS A Thesis by GREGORY LOUIS LUCHAK Approved as to style and content by: Rhonda K. Mi...

Luchak, Gregory Louis

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

4

Determinants of alternative fuel vehicle choice in the continental United States.  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the ongoing investigation into the determinants of alternative fuel vehicle choice. A stated preference vehicle choice survey was conducted for the 47 of the continental U.S. states, excluding California. The national survey is based on and is an extension of previous studies on alternative fuel vehicle choice for the State of California conducted by the University of California's Institute of Transportation Studies (UC ITS). Researchers at UC ITS have used the stated-preference national survey to produce a series of estimates for new vehicle choice models. Three of these models are presented in this paper. The first two of the models were estimated using only the data from the national survey. The third model presented in this paper pools information from the national and California surveys to estimate a true national model for new vehicle choice.

Tompkins, M.

1997-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

5

A case study: using multiple-choice tests at university level courses – preparation and supporting infrastructure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we will present a case study of using multiple-choice tests for university level courses such as digital logic and artificial intelligence. It is a well known fact that multiple-choice questions can be used to assess student's knowledge – not only student's recall, but also the verification of student's analysis and synthesis abilities. We will give an example of questions for assessment of all three types. We will consider how computers can be used to prepare such tests and what is needed to automatically grade such tests. We will present an open source application that we developed to foster such a process.

M. Cupic

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Multi-Attribute Choice Model: An Application of the Generalized Nested Logit Model at the Stock-Keeping Unit Level  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper proposes an application of the generalized nested logit (GNL) model which is used in transportation science for product choice problems at the stock-keeping unit level. I explain two alternative nestin...

Kei Takahashi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Enterprise-Level Groupware Choices: Evaluating Lotus Notes and Intranet-Based Solutions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper considers collaborative software atthe enterprise level, specifically Lotus Notesand alternatives which use Intranet-based (WorldWide Web) technologies. We examine thestrategic reasons, both short-...

Mark Ginsburg; Katherine Duliba

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Enterprise-Level Groupware Choices: Evaluating Lotus Notes and Intranet-Based Solutions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper considers collaborative software at the enterprise level, specifically Lotus Notes and alternatives which use Intranet-based (World Wide Web) technologies. We examine the strategic reasons, both ... ex...

Mark Ginsburg; Katherine Duliba

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Automotive Component Measurements forAutomotive Component Measurements for Determining VehicleDetermining Vehicle--Level RadiatedLevel Radiated  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Automotive Component Measurements forAutomotive Component Measurements for Determining VehicleDetermining Vehicle--Level RadiatedLevel Radiated Automotive Component Measurements forAutomotive ComponentEmissionsEmissionsEmissions Todd Hubing Mi h li P f f V hi l El t iMichelin Professor of Vehicular Electronics Clemson University

Stuart, Steven J.

10

Level Diagram Format Choice  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(your browser's help files should tell you how to do this -- it's a simple matter). EPS: Encapsulated Postscript files are huge (about 30 times the size of GIF or PDF), so it...

11

Determining Patch Saliency Using Low-Level Devi Parikh1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Determining Patch Saliency Using Low-Level Context Devi Parikh1 , C. Lawrence Zitnick2 , and Tsuhan. Existing classes of low-level saliency measures for image patches include those based on interest points saliency measures based on co-occurrence and spatial information between image patches. For recog- nition

Chen, Tsuhan

12

Determining the Adequate Level of Distributed Generation Penetration in  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Determining the Adequate Level of Distributed Generation Penetration in Determining the Adequate Level of Distributed Generation Penetration in Future Grids Speaker(s): Johan Driesen Date: March 18, 2004 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Kristina LaCommare In this talk, Johan will discuss the technical barriers met while deploying distributed generation (DG) technology in the grid. These are related to voltage quality, reliability, stability of the grid, but also safety, environmental and economic issues are important. Eventually, the question 'how far can you go ?' is addressed. The range from small-scale local DG such as photovoltaics to large-scale (off-shore) wind farms are dealt with, each with their specific issues. The talk is illustrated with examples from research projects at the KULeuven financied by national and European

13

Determination of the nuclear level density at high excitation energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Evaporation simulations are presented to illustrate the problems associated with the determination of the nuclear level density constant at high excitation energy from evaporation spectra. The methods of using either the total (whole chain) spectra or the difference (from two different initial excitation energies) spectra are discussed. Data from the study of the reaction 701 MeV Si28+100Mo are presented and both methods are used to extract the level density constant. We find that in order to reproduce the slopes of the light particle spectra the level density constant must have a value near 1/10A– 1) / 11 A for excited nuclei with statistical temperatures in the range of 3.5 to 5.5 MeV. This presumes that the only parameter adjustment required to treat the decay of highly exited nuclei is the level density constant. If this is so, the shapes of the evaporation spectra imply a reduction in the level density constant from the value required to explain the decay of less highly excited nuclei, a conclusion reached by others. However, the reduced level density constant leads to an overproduction of deuterons and tritons. This suggests that a more complicated set of parameter adjustments may be required to treat the decay of highly excited nuclei.

A. Chbihi; L. G. Sobotka; N. G. Nicolis; D. G. Sarantites; D. W. Stracener; Z. Majka; D. C. Hensley; J. R. Beene; M. L. Halbert

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

R.E.A.C.T. - Renewable Energy Activities - Choices for Tomorrow - Teacher's Activity Guide for Middle Level Grades 6-8  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

E.A.C.T. E.A.C.T. Renewable Energy Activities - Choices for Tomorrow Teacher's Activity Guide for Middle Level Grades 6-8 National Renewable Energy Laboratory Education Programs 1617 Cole Blvd. Golden, Colorado 80401 Tel: (303) 275-3044 Home page: http://www.nrel.gov ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The Education Office at NREL would like to thank Dr. James Schreck, Professor of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Northern Colorado, for his commitment and hard work in the development of this activity booklet. His expertise was invaluable in producing a final product that attempts to be "user friendly." It is the goal of the Education Office to make these kits accessible, easy to use, and fun. We want your students to gain, not only an understanding of renewable and nonrenewable energy resources, but a

15

Determination of stress levels for dynamic fracture of oil shale  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The dynamic tensile-stress amplitudes necessary to cause complete spall in unconfined oil-shale samples were experimentally determined in the laboratory...

Michael P. Felix

1977-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

A Novel Approach in Determining Oil Dilution Level on a DPF Equipped...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

A Novel Approach in Determining Oil Dilution Level on a DPF Equipped Vehicle as a Result of Regeneration A Novel Approach in Determining Oil Dilution Level on a DPF Equipped...

17

Determination of ‘Acceptable’ and ’safe’ Levels of Chemical Exposure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An important and yet controversial issue that comes up in attempts to establish’ safe’ or ‘tolerable’ levels for human exposure to chemical constituents relates to the notion of an ‘acceptable chemical exposure l...

Kofi Asante-Duah

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Determination of nanomolar levels of nutrients in seawater  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Nutrients (phosphate, nitrate, nitrite, ammonium and silicate) exert strong controls on oceanic primary productivity. In oligotrophic areas, which cover approximately 40% of the world's oceans, nutrient concentrations can drop to nanomolar levels or lower due to biological uptake, so highly sensitive methods and technologies are urgently needed for nutrient measurements in such areas. In this work, we review procedures for phosphate and nitrite/nitrate analyses published since the review of Patey et al. [32], and procedures for analysis of ammonium and silicate at nanomolar levels. Our review includes aspects of measurement protocols that bear strongly on the quality of analyses of trace nutrients, including contamination of reagents, sample storage, and preparation of nutrient-free seawater. This review excludes methods that have limits of detection greater than 1?µM, and methods that are not specific to seawater.

Jian Ma; Lori Adornato; Robert H. Byrne; Dongxing Yuan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Determination of Iodine-129 in Low Level Radioactive Wastes - 13334  

SciTech Connect

For the radioactivity determination of {sup 129}I in the radioactive wastes, alkali fusion and anion-exchange resin separation methods, which are sample pretreatment methods, have been investigated in this study. To separate and quantify the {sup 129}I radionuclide in an evaporator bottom and spent resin, the radionuclide was chemically leached from the wastes and adsorbed on an anion exchange resin at pH 4, 7, 9. In the case of dry active waste and another solid type, the alkali fusion method was applied. KNO{sub 3} was added as a KOH and oxidizer to the wastes. It was then fused at 450 deg. C for 1 hour. The radioactivity of the separated iodine was measured with a low energy gamma spectrometer after the sample pretreatment. Finally, it was confirmed that the recovery rate of the iodine for the alkali fusion method was 83.6±3.8%, and 86.4±1.6% for the anionic exchange separation method. (authors)

Choi, K.C.; Ahn, J.H.; Park, Y.J.; Song, K.S. [Nuclear Chemistry Research Division, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon, 305-600 (Korea, Republic of)] [Nuclear Chemistry Research Division, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon, 305-600 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Determination of fish trophic levels in an estuarine system1 S. Pasquauda,*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Determination of fish trophic levels in an estuarine system1 2 S. Pasquauda,* , M. Pilleta , V Fish Research4 Unit, 50 avenue de Verdun, 33612 Cestas Cedex, France5 stephanie.pasquaud@cemagref.fr6 89 08 01 Pasquaud, S. etal. Determination of fish trophic levels in an estuarine system Estuarine

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Timeline for Customer Choices  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

detail) 2008 - CONTRACT SIGNING * Core Purchase Obligation Choice (section 3 in body) o Load Following o Block (with or without Shaping Capacity) Choice of Monthly and Diurnal...

22

A Case Study Exploring Motivational Determinants of Mid-Level Student Affairs Administrators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A CASE STUDY EXPLORING MOTIVATIONAL DETERMINANTS OF MID-LEVEL STUDENT AFFAIRS ADMINISTRATORS A Dissertation by CYNTHIA LETICIA HERNANDEZ Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December 2010 Major Subject: Educational Administration A CASE STUDY EXPLORING MOTIVATIONAL DETERMINANTS OF MID-LEVEL STUDENT AFFAIRS ADMINISTRATORS A Dissertation by CYNTHIA LETICIA HERNANDEZ...

Hernandez, Cynthia Leticia

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

23

Determination of elements for Industrial Hygiene and Safety Engineering programs at the Masters level  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DETERMINATION OF ELEMENTS FOR INDUSTRIAL HYGIENE AND SAFETY ENGINEERING PROGRAMS AT THE MASTERS LEVEL A Thesis by JAMES EDWARD DUKE JR. Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1992 Major Subject: Industrial Hygiene DETERMINATION OF ELEMENTS FOR INDUSTRIAL HYGIENE AND SAFETY ENGINEERING PROGRAM% AT THE MASTERS LEVEL A Thesis by JAMES EDWARD DUKE JR. Submitted to Texas...

Duke, James Edward

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Initial investment choice and optimal future allocations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Initial investment choice and optimal future allocations M. Musielay and T. Zariphopoulouz March 21 knowledge of an investor's desirable initial investment choice can be used to determine his future optimal portfolio allocations. Optimality of investment decisions is built on forward investment perfor- mance

Zariphopoulou, Thaleia

25

Determination of Nuclear Level Densities at an Excitation Energy of 20 MeV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The level-density ratios in Fe56 and Ni60 at excitation energies of approximately 10 and 20 MeV have been evaluated by combining calculations based on the statistical theory of nuclear reactions and experimental measurements of level widths ? determined from studies of cross-section fluctuations. The importance of each of the various parameters in the statistical-theory calculation was studied as a function of the spin J of the compound nucleus. Assuming a Fermi-gas model with shell and pairing-energy corrections, the evaluated level-density ratios give values of the level density parameter a of 6.-0.9+0.6 and 6.7-1.3+0.8 MeV-1 for Fe56 and Ni60, respectively. These values of a are in excellent agreement with those made at excitation energies of less than 10 MeV. Hence, within the framework of the Fermi-gas model these results give independent evidence, in addition to the evidence already discussed in the literature, that the ? values determined from cross-section-fluctuation measurements are those characteristic of the compound nucleus.

H. K. Vonach and J. R. Huizenga

1965-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

26

Cyclic voltammetric studies for the electrochemical determination of palladium in high-level nuclear waste  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cyclic voltammetric studies of Pd(II)/Pd(0) electrode process were carried out on a Glassy Carbon Electrode (GCE) in HCl for the development of an Anodic Stripping Voltammetric (ASV) method for the determination of palladium in High-Level Nuclear Waste (HLNW). Pd(II) reduces electrochemically to Pd(0) in a wide potential range, depending upon the concentration of HCl. No significant effect of concentration was observed on the oxidation of palladium, which more or less occurs at 500 mV. Effects of HCl concentration, potential scan range, scan rate and scan repetition were studied in detail. The oxidation of palladium in HCl medium was relatively more distinct than in nitric and sulphuric acids. Maximum anodic and cathodic peak currents of unequal heights were observed at 1.0 × 10?2 M concentration of HCl. An ASV method was developed successfully on the basis of these studies for the determination of palladium in HLNW.

T.K. Bhardwaj

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

United States Digital Divide: State level analysis of spatial clustering and multivariate determinants of ICT utilization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study analyzes factors associated with availability and utilization of information and communication technologies (ICTs) for U.S. states. We construct an exploratory conceptual model of technology utilization in which eight dependent ICT availability and utilization factors are posited to be associated with fourteen independent socio-economic, demographic, innovation, social capital, and societal openness factors. Technology utilization variables are spatially analyzed to determine extent of agglomeration, and regression residuals are examined to eliminate spatial bias. Findings indicate social capital, education, societal openness, urbanization, and ethnicities are significantly associated with ICT utilization. We suggest important implications for policymakers at state and federal levels.

James B. Pick; Avijit Sarkar; Jeremy Johnson

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Wave equations for determining energy-level gaps of quantum systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An differential equation for wave functions is proposed, which is equivalent to Schr\\"{o}dinger's wave equation and can be used to determine energy-level gaps of quantum systems. Contrary to Schr\\"{o}dinger's wave equation, this equation is on `bipartite' wave functions. It is shown that those `bipartite' wave functions satisfy all the basic properties of Schr\\"{o}dinger's wave functions. Further, it is argued that `bipartite' wave functions can present a mathematical expression of wave-particle duality. This provides an alternative approach to the mathematical formalism of quantum mechanics.

Zeqian Chen

2006-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

29

Energy 101: Lighting Choices | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

101: Lighting Choices 101: Lighting Choices Energy 101: Lighting Choices August 13, 2013 - 2:38pm Addthis Learn about energy-efficient light bulbs that can light your home for less money. For many years, researchers have been working on new lighting options that produce the same light with less energy. Many of those designs are now on the market. This edition of Energy 101 features newer energy-saving light bulbs that provide the choices in colors and light levels you've come to expect, but with higher efficiencies-so they save you money. Upgrading 15 of the inefficient incandescent light bulbs in your home to energy-saving incandescent, compact fluorescent lamp (CFL), or light emitting diode (LED) bulbs could save you about $50 per year. For more information on lighting choices from the Office of Energy

30

Energy 101: Lighting Choices | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy 101: Lighting Choices Energy 101: Lighting Choices Energy 101: Lighting Choices August 13, 2013 - 2:38pm Addthis Learn about energy-efficient light bulbs that can light your home for less money. For many years, researchers have been working on new lighting options that produce the same light with less energy. Many of those designs are now on the market. This edition of Energy 101 features newer energy-saving light bulbs that provide the choices in colors and light levels you've come to expect, but with higher efficiencies-so they save you money. Upgrading 15 of the inefficient incandescent light bulbs in your home to energy-saving incandescent, compact fluorescent lamp (CFL), or light emitting diode (LED) bulbs could save you about $50 per year. For more information on lighting choices from the Office of Energy

31

Options for Determining Equivalent MHTM (Metric Tons of Heavy Metal) for DOE High Level Waste  

SciTech Connect

Section 114(d) of the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982, as amended (NWPA), limits the overall capacity of the first repository to 70,000 metric tons of heavy metal (MTHM). Current DOE policy is to allocate DOE spent fuel and high-level waste (HLW) at 10 percent of the total, or 7,000 MTHM. For planning purposes, 4,667 MTHM will be allocated for HLW. While the NWPA provides a technical basis for determining the MTHM equivalence of HLW, it does not address the significant technical differences between DOE HLW and commercial spent nuclear fuel (SNF). Although more than 170,000 MTHM of DOE fuel has been reprocessed to produce the inventory of HLW, the amount of radioactive waste generated per metric ton of DOE fuel is only a few percent of that in a metric ton of commercial fuel. This study compares the results of four methods for determining the MTHM equivalence of DOE HLW. These methods include (1) using the actual weight of heavy metal in reprocessed DOE fuel, (2) assuming the historical equivalence of 0.5 MTHM/canister of vitrified DOE HLW, (3) comparing the total radioactivity in DOE HLW to the radioactivity of commercial SNF, and (4) comparing the total radiotoxicity of DOE HLW, as defined for those radionuclides identified in 10 CFR 20, with SNF at 1,000 and 10,000 years. This study concludes that either of the last two options would meet Congress’s stated purposes of the NWPA, which are to (1) provide "reasonable assurance that the public and the environment will be adequately protected from the hazards posed by high-level radioactive waste and such spent nuclear fuel as may be disposed of in a repository", and (2) to "define Federal policy for the disposal of such waste and spent fuel".

Knecht, Dieter August; Valentine, James Henry; Luptak, Alan Jay; Staiger, Merle Daniel; Loo, Henry Hung Yiu; Wichmann, Thomas Leonard

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Impact of approach used to determine removal levels of drugs of abuse during wastewater treatment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this study the levels of 19 drugs of abuse were estimated throughout a wastewater treatment plant using polar organic chemical integrative samplers (POCIS), 24 h composite samples and grab samples. Overall removal efficiencies and removals in between each treatment unit were calculated using load data for each sampling technique as well as removals that take into account the hydraulic residence time distribution of the treatment plant (time-shifted mass balancing approach). Amphetamine-type stimulants, cocaine and its major metabolite, benzoylecgonine and opioid levels determined with 24 h composite samples were generally comparable to those obtained with POCIS and grab samples. Negative mass balances resulting from the estimation of overall removal efficiencies by POCIS, day-to-day mass balancing of 24 h composite and grab sample data did not occur when the hydraulic retention time (HRT) distributions of the plant were taken into account for calculation. Among the compounds investigated, cocaine exhibited the highest overall removal (90%) while codeine had the lowest with 13%, respectively. Sampling between the treatment units revealed that highest removal occurs during biological treatment as compared to primary or secondary clarification. Methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA), fentanyl, dihydrocodeine and heroin were not detected in wastewater at any of the sampling locations at the treatment plant regardless of the sampling technique. The study demonstrates the benefits of applying the time-shifted mass balancing approach to the calculation of removals of drugs of abuse during wastewater treatment.

Angela Rodayan; Marius Majewsky; Viviane Yargeau

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Uncertainty of sound power levels determined following Air Conditioning Heating and Refrigeration Institute Standard 220  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As part of the AHRI ASA-ANSI and ISO standards development processes the uncertainty of sound power measurements needs to be quantified for inclusion in sound power standards. A study of four reverberation rooms with volumes of 140 280 560 and 1790 cubic meters was undertaken. Sound power levels for five noise sources (two vertical shafted sound sources two horizontal shafted sound sources and a leaf blower) were determined using ARI Standard 220. Variables investigated include: source location source orientation room conditions source operating characteristics and microphone traverse length. The frequency range of interest was 25 Hz to 10 kHz. Measurements were repeated and the order of tests was randomized. Of particular interest was the difference between the 140 cubic foot room and the other rooms to confirm the room qualification process required by ARI Standard 220 because the 140 cubic foot room does not meet the ARI Standard 220 qualification process but does meet the requirements in ISO 3741. This work will be helpful in understanding the sources of variation and allow for a starting point for determining if improvements are needed and if so what factors should be considered.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Capital structure choices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Corporate finance theory provides a number of competing hypotheses for explaining the capital structure choice of firms. The major ones are the 'trade-off' theory, which hypothesises an optimal combination of debt and equity capital, and the 'pecking-order' theory, which suggests a ranking order between different types of capital making a firm's capital structure an aggregated result of successive financial decisions. Previous studies find evidence both supporting and contradicting the two theories. We examine the role and importance of different firm characteristics as well as to what extent managers in Swedish firms make capital structure choices in accordance with the theories and are affected by concepts like optimal capital structure, financial hierarchy, windows of opportunity, signalling, asymmetric information and flexibility. Our conclusion is that capital structure choices are built on a balancing notion suggesting a revised trade-off theory or alternatively an extended pecking order theory also incorporating agency costs and signalling.

Ted Lindblom; Gert Sandahl; Stefan Sjogren

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Cost-Effective Methods for Accurate Determination of Sea Level Rise Vulnerability: A Solomon Islands Example  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For millions of people living along the coastal fringe, sea level rise is perhaps the greatest threat to livelihoods over the coming century. With the refinement and downscaling of global climate models and increasing availability of airborne-...

Simon Albert; Kirsten Abernethy; Badin Gibbes; Alistair Grinham; Nixon Tooler; Shankar Aswani

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Determining appropriate levels of robotic automation in commercial aircraft nacelle assembly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis examines the application of reconfigurable industrial robotics in the assembly of the engine nacelle inlet for a commercial aircraft. In addition to addressing the achievable level of automation, this thesis ...

Durham, Bryce J. (Bryce James)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

The Nuclear Level Density and the Determination of Thermonuclear Rates for Astrophysics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The prediction of cross sections for nuclei far off stability is crucial in the field of nuclear astrophysics. In recent calculations the nuclear level density -- as an important ingredient to the statistical model (Hauser-Feshbach) -- has shown the highest uncertainties. We present a global parametrization of nuclear level densities based on the back-shifted Fermi-Gas formalism. Employment of an energy-dependent level density parameter $a$ and microscopic corrections from a recent FRDM mass formula by M\\"oller et al.\\ leads to a highly improved fit of level densities at the neutron-separation energy in the mass range $20\\le A \\le 245$. The importance of using proper microscopic corrections from mass formulae is emphasized. The resulting level description is well suited for astrophysical applications. The level density can also provide clues to the applicability of the statistical model which is only correct for a high density of excited states. Using the above description one can derive a ``map'' for the applicability of the model for reactions of stable and unstable nuclei with neutral and charged particles.

T. Rauscher; F. -K. Thielemann; K. -L. Kratz

1996-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

38

Determining the effects of fluctuating lake levels on wildlife habitat using GIS and remote sensing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Lake Granger Area. Comparison of the Horizontal Coordinates of the Reference Benchmark Between GPS Unit Readings and NGS Published Data. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Lake Granger Lake Levels During Aerial Photography... of these established benchmarks are located within 3000 meters of the study area; none are located within the management units themselves. Although global positioning system (GPS) units may be used to collect elevation values for control coordinates, the accuracy...

Sabella, Raymond Jacob

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

39

DETERMINATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF DEEP LEVELS IN p-CdTe(Cl)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

photons de 122 keV (57Co) et de 5 keV pour des photons de 59 keV (241Am). Abstract. 2014 CdTe single doped CdTe single crystals grown from tellurium solvent have a good resolution for gamma-rays, when. The investigation of the energy levels system of charged centres in CdTe, as well as in other II-VI compounds

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

40

Nuclear Level Density and the Determination of Thermonuclear Rates for Astrophysics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The prediction of cross sections for nuclei far off stability is crucial in the field of nuclear astrophysics. We discuss the model mostly employed for such calculations: the statistical model (Hauser-Feshbach). Special emphasis is put on the uncertainties arising from nuclear level density descriptions and an improved global description is presented. Furthermore, criteria for the applicability of the statistical model are investigated and a "map" for the applicability of the model to reactions of stable and unstable nuclei with neutral and charged particles is given.

T. Rauscher; F. -K. Thielemann; K. -L. Kratz

1997-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

System and method for determining coolant level and flow velocity in a nuclear reactor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A boiling water reactor includes a reactor pressure vessel having a feedwater inlet for the introduction of recycled steam condensate and/or makeup coolant into the vessel, and a steam outlet for the discharge of produced steam for appropriate work. A fuel core is located within a lower area of the pressure vessel. The fuel core is surrounded by a core shroud spaced inward from the wall of the pressure vessel to provide an annular downcomer forming a coolant flow path between the vessel wall and the core shroud. A probe system that includes a combination of conductivity/resistivity probes and/or one or more time-domain reflectometer (TDR) probes is at least partially located within the downcomer. The probe system measures the coolant level and flow velocity within the downcomer.

Brisson, Bruce William; Morris, William Guy; Zheng, Danian; Monk, David James; Fang, Biao; Surman, Cheryl Margaret; Anderson, David Deloyd

2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

42

Arnold Schwarzenegger COMMUNITY CHOICE AGGREGATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/Agricultural/Water End-Use Energy Efficiency Natural Gas Renewable Energy Technologies Transportation Community Choice&D program areas: Buildings End-Use Energy Efficiency Climate Change Energy Innovations Small Grants Energy-Related Environmental Research Energy Systems Integration Environmentally Preferred Advanced Generation Industrial

43

Mountain Health Choices Beneficiary Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

................................................................................................................ 42 I. Access to Health Care Mountain Health Choices Beneficiary Report A Report to the West Virginia Bureau for Medical of Health and Human Resources, Bureau for Medical Services. #12; 1 Table of Contents I. EXECUTIVE

Mohaghegh, Shahab

44

Solar Choice Solutions Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solutions Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Solar Choice Solutions Inc. Place: Calabasas, California Zip: 91302 Sector: Solar Product: Solar Choice Solutions Inc. is an...

45

Lighting Choices - White Background | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

the new energy standards that take effect from 2012-2014. allbulbshiresweb.eps More Documents & Publications Lighting Choices - White Background Lighting Choices...

46

Isotope Dilution Analysis for Flow Injection ICPMS Determination of Microgram per Gram Levels of Boron in Iron and Steel after Matrix Removal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Isotope Dilution Analysis for Flow Injection ICPMS Determination of Microgram per Gram Levels of Boron in Iron and Steel after Matrix Removal ... 15,16ID analysis coupled with ICPMS is a powerful technique capable of highly accurate and precise determinations of elements that have two or more stable isotopes. ... To determine boron in unknowns, first the boron isotopic composition of the enriched spike must be characterized, and then the total boron concentration of the spike solution must be determined. ...

Aurora G. Coedo; Teresa Dorado; Bernardo J. Fernandez; Francisco J. Alguacil

1996-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

47

Comparison of Hospital Laboratory Serum Alcohol Levels Obtained by an Enzymatic Method with Whole Blood Levels Forensically Determined by Gas Chromatography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......research-article Articles Comparison of Hospital Laboratory Serum Alcohol Levels Obtained...212 consecutive patients admitted to a hospital trauma center, serum was assayed for...least 0.080 g/dL. Comparison of hospital laboratory serum alcohol levels obtained......

Matthew T. Barnhill; Jr.; Donald Herbert; David J. Wells; Jr.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Determination of the natural radioactivity levels in north west of Dukhan, Qatar using high-resolution gamma-ray spectrometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study is aimed at the determination of the activity concentrations of naturally occuring and technologically enhanced levels of radiation in 34 representative soil samples that have been collected from an inshore oil field area which was found to have, in a previous study, the highest observed value of 226Ra concentration among 129 soil samples. The activity concentrations of 238U and 226Ra have been inferred from gamma-ray transitions associated with their decay progenies and measured using a hyper-pure germanium detector. Details of the sample preparation and the gamma-ray spectroscopic analysis techniques are presented, together with the values of the activity concentrations associated with the naturally occuring radionuclide chains for all the samples collected from NW Dukhan. Discrete-line, gamma-ray energy transitions from spectral lines ranging in energy from ?100 keV up to 2.6 MeV have been associated with characteristic decays of the various decay products within the 235.8U and 232Th radioactive decay chains. These data have been analyzed, under the assumption of secular equilibrium for the U and Th decay chains. Details of the sample preparation and the gamma-ray spectroscopic analysis techniques are presented. The weighted mean value of the activity concentrations of 226Ra in one of the samples was found to be around a factor of 2 higher than the values obtained in the previous study and approximately a factor of 10 higher than the accepted worldwide average value of 35 Bq/kg. The weighted mean values of the activity concentrations of 232Th and 40K were also deduced and found to be within the worldwide average values of 30 and 400 Bq/kg, respectively. Our previous study reported a value of 201.9±1.5Stat.±13Syst. Bq/kg for 226Ra in one sample and further investigation in the current work determined a measured value for 226Ra of 342.00±1.9Stat.±25Syst. Bq/kg in a sample taken from the same locality. This is significantly higher than all the other investigated soil samples in the current and previous works. Notably, the Th levels in the same sample are within the worldwide average expectations, implying that the increased 226Ra concentration arises from TENORM processes.

Huda Al-Sulaiti; Tabassum Nasir; K.S. Al Mugren; N. Alkhomashi; N. Al-Dahan; M. Al-Dosari; D.A. Bradley; S. Bukhari; M. Matthews; P.H. Regan; T. Santawamaitre; D. Malain; A. Habib

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Social choice and merit goods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Existing formulations of merit good social preferences, which are usually thought to be non-individualistic, are shown to be implied by three assumptions taken from the Arrowian social choice theoretic framework. Thus an individualistic foundation is provided for merit goods.

Nick Baigent

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Application of single ion activity coefficients to determine solvent extraction mechanism for components of high level nuclear waste  

SciTech Connect

The TRUEX solvent extraction process is being developed to remove and concentrate transuranic (TRU) elements from high-level and TRU radioactive wastes currently stored at US Department of Energy sites. Phosphoric acid is one of the chemical species of concern at the Hanford site where bismuth phosphate was used to recover plutonium. The mechanism of phosphoric acid extraction with TRUEX-NPH solvent at 25{degrees}C was determined by phosphoric acid distribution ratios, which were measured by using phosphoric acid radiotracer and a variety of aqueous phases containing different concentrations of nitric acid and nitrate ions. A model was developed for predicting phosphoric acid distribution ratios as a function of the thermodynamic activities of nitrate ion and hydrogen ion. The Generic TRUEX Model (GTM) was used to calculate these activities based on the Bromley method. The derived model supports CMPO and TBP extraction of a phosphoric acid-nitric acid complex and a CMPO-phosphoric acid complex in TRUEX-NPH solvent.

Nunez, L.; Vandegrift, G.F.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

51

2008-07-22 Summary of Choices  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A T I O N 2008 - CONTRACT SIGNING * Core Purchase Obligation Choice (section 3 in body) * Load Following * Block (with or without Shaping Capacity) * Choice of Monthly and Diurnal...

52

Graduate AI Lecture 20: Social Choice I  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dodgson · 20th Century: Nobel prizes to Kenneth Arrow and Amartya Sen 2 #12;Computational social choice

Procaccia, Ariel

53

Social Choice Theory Decision Models with Multiple Criteria  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Social Choice Theory Decision Models with Multiple Criteria Elise Bonzon 2013-2014 LIPADE / 39 Social Choice Theory #12;Social choice theory Social choice theory Research of a mechanism Choice Theory #12;Social choice theory Social choice theory Research of a mechanism (electoral system

Bonzon, Elise

54

Manhattan Project: Difficult Choices, 1942  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

"Met Lab" alumni at the University of Chicago -- Fermi is on the far left of the front row; Zinn is on Fermi's left; Anderson is on the far right of the front row; and Szilard is over Anderson's right shoulder. DIFFICULT CHOICES "Met Lab" alumni at the University of Chicago -- Fermi is on the far left of the front row; Zinn is on Fermi's left; Anderson is on the far right of the front row; and Szilard is over Anderson's right shoulder. DIFFICULT CHOICES (1942) Events More Uranium Research, 1942 More Piles and Plutonium, 1942 Enter the Army, 1942 Groves and the MED, 1942 Picking Horses, November 1942 Final Approval to Build the Bomb, December 1942 By early 1942, as the United States suffered a series of military defeats in the Pacific, top officials in Washington tentatively had decided to proceed with the construction of an atomic bomb. Two paths seemed possible. A uranium bomb could be achieved if sufficient uranium-235 could be produced by one or more of the three isotope separation methods under consideration: gaseous diffusion, centrifuge, and electromagnetic. A plutonium bomb might provide a quicker route, but it required demonstration that plutonium could be produced in a uranium pile and then be separated in usable quantities. To this end, Arthur Compton consolidated most plutonium research at the new Metallurgical Laboratory (Met Lab) at the University of Chicago.

55

Detailed photoluminescence studies of thin film Cu{sub 2}S for determination of quasi-Fermi level splitting and defect levels  

SciTech Connect

We have studied chalcocite (Cu{sub 2}S) layers prepared by physical vapor deposition with varying deposition parameters by calibrated spectral photoluminescence (PL) and by confocal PL with lateral resolution of ??x?0.9??m. Calibrated PL experiments as a function of temperature T and excitation fluxes were performed to obtain the absolute PL-yield and to calculate the splitting of the quasi-Fermi levels (QFLs) ?=E{sub f,n}?E{sub f,p} at an excitation flux equivalent to the AM 1.5 spectrum and the absorption coefficient ?(??), both in the temperature range of 20?K?T?400?K. The PL-spectra reveal two peaks at E{sub #1}=1.17?eV and E{sub #2}=1.3?eV. The samples show a QFL-splitting of ?>700?meV associated with a pseudo band gap of E{sub g}=1.25?eV. The high-energy peak shows an unexpected temperature behavior, namely, an increase of PL-yield with rising temperature at variance with the behavior of QFL-splitting that decreases with rising T. Our observations indicate that, contrary to common believe, it is not the PL-yield, but rather the QFL-splitting that is the comprehensive indicator of the quality of the excited state in an illuminated semiconductor. A further examination of the lateral variation of opto-electronic properties by confocal PL and the surface contour shows no detectable correlation between Cu{sub 2}S grains/grain boundaries and the PL-yield or QFL-splitting.

Sträter, H., E-mail: hendrik.straeter@uni-oldenburg.de; Brüggemann, R.; Bauer, G. H. [Institute of Physics, Carl von Ossietzky University Oldenburg, 26111 Oldenburg (Germany); Siol, S.; Klein, A.; Jaegermann, W. [Surface Science Division, Institute of Materials Science, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Petersenstraße 32, 64287 Darmstadt (Germany)

2013-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

56

Direct Determination of Trace-Level Haloacetic Acids in Drinking Water by Two-1 Dimensional Ion Chromatography with Suppressed Conductivity2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Direct Determination of Trace-Level Haloacetic Acids in Drinking Water by Two-1 Dimensional Ion thetreatment process of drinking water, disinfectants (chlorine, ozone, chlorine dioxide)13 react on water of the nine existing Halo-Acetic Acids (HAA) are commonly found15 in drinking water(Monochloroacetic acid MCAA

Boyer, Edmond

57

Understanding the Effect of Baseline Modeling Implementation Choices on  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Understanding the Effect of Baseline Modeling Implementation Choices on Understanding the Effect of Baseline Modeling Implementation Choices on Analysis of Demand Response Performance Title Understanding the Effect of Baseline Modeling Implementation Choices on Analysis of Demand Response Performance Publication Type Conference Paper LBNL Report Number LBNL-5560E Year of Publication 2013 Authors Addy, Nathan, Johanna L. Mathieu, Sila Kiliccote, and Duncan S. Callaway Conference Name ASME 2013 International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition Conference Location Houston, TX Keywords market sectors, technologies Abstract Accurate evaluation of the performance of buildings participating in Demand Response (DR) programs is critical to the adoption and improvement of these programs. Typically, we calculate load sheds during DR events by comparing observed electric demand against counterfactual predictions made using statistical baseline models. Many baseline models exist and these models can produce different shed calculations. Moreover, modelers implementing the same baseline model can make different modeling implementation choices, which may affect shed estimates. In this work, using real data, we analyze the effect of different modeling implementation choices on shed predictions. We focused on five issues: weather data source, resolution of data, methods for determining when buildings are occupied, methods for aligning building data with temperature data, and methods for power outage filtering. Results indicate sensitivity to the weather data source and data filtration methods as well as an immediate potential for automation of methods to choose building occupied modes.

58

Initial investment choice and optimal future allocations under time-monotone performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Initial investment choice and optimal future allocations under time-monotone performance criteria M investment choice can be used to determine his future optimal portfolio allocations. Optimality of investment decisions is built on the so-called forward investment performance criteria and, in particular, on the time

Zariphopoulou, Thaleia

59

Electrochemical determination of the corrosion behavior of candidate alloys proposed for containment of high level nuclear waste in tuff  

SciTech Connect

Long-term geological disposal of nuclear waste requires corrosion-resistant canister materials for encapsulation. Several austenitic stainless steels are under consideration for such purposes for the disposal of high-level waste at the candidate repository site located at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. With regard to corrosion considerations, a worst case scenario at this prospective repository location would result from the intrusion of vadose water. This preliminary study focuses on the electrochemical and corrosion behavior of the candidate canister materials under worst-case repository environments. Electrochemical parameters related to localized attack (e.g., pitting potentials) and the electrochemical corrosion rates have been examined. 15 references, 15 figures, 4 tables.

Glass, R.S.; Overturf, G.E.; Garrison, R.E.; McCright, R.D.

1984-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

60

Japanese Housing Tenure Choice and Welfare Implications after the Revision of the Tenant Protection Law  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new mode of housing tenure in Japan, rental housing with fixed rental terms, ... by analyzing the determinants of the choices by households among the three types of housing tenure in Japan: owned housing, gener...

Miki Seko; Kazuto Sumita

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Quench Tests of LHC Magnets with Beam: Studies on Beam Loss development and determination of Quench levels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The application of superconducting materials in the field of high energy accelerator physics not only opens the doors to the generation of the magnetic fields unattainable to normal conductors but also demands facing new challenges. A transition fromthe superconducting state, which is characterized by a resistance-free flow of the electric current, to the normal conducting state is called quenching. This process might be extremely dangerous and even lead to destruction of amagnet superconducting coil if no protecting actions are taken. Therefore, the knowledge of a magnet quench level, i.e. amount of energy which causes the transition to the resistive state, is crucial for the safety and operational efficiency of the accelerator. Regarding that, specific thresholds are incorporated to dedicated quench prevention systems in order to suppress the origin of detected energy perturbation, for example beam losses, or mitigate the consequences of the quenching process by dissipating the energy stored in the magnetic...

Priebe, A; Sapinski, M

62

Determination of risk-based, site-specific cleanup levels for an industrial site in Seattle, Washington  

SciTech Connect

Risk-based, site-specific cleanup criteria were developed for an active industrial site where shallow soil was contaminated with bunker fuel. This approach resulted in defensible cleanup levels that eliminated the need for complicated and disruptive remedial measures and is expediting site closure under Washington State Department of Ecology`s (Ecology) Independent Remedial Action Program. Initially, in anticipation of the sale of the property, a site investigation was conducted to provide information on the extent of contamination resulting from a leaking underground storage tank. Results of the investigation indicated that at least 3,600 cubic yards of soil contained bunker fuel at concentrations exceeding Ecology`s Model Toxics Control Act (MTCA) default Method A cleanup value for heavy oil of 200 milligrams per kilogram. The contamination extended under two of the site structures. Following Ecology`s new interim policy for cleanup of total petroleum hydrocarbons under MTCA, a risk-based cleanup criterion was calculated using an approach in which aliphatic and aromatic fractions of weathered bunker fuel were represented by surrogates of known toxicity. The cleanup criterion yielded by the quantitative evaluation was more than an order of magnitude higher than the default MTCA Method A value for heavy oil. Cleanup criteria for carcinogenic polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (cPAHs) were also derived. Use of these risk-based cleanup levels eliminated the need for remedial measures outside of the immediate vicinity of the former tank location, reducing the volume of soil that required remediation from 3,600 cubic yards to 70 cubic yards.

Birkner, P.D.; Gaulke, S.W.; Tirao, A.C.; Veilleux, A.L. [Shannon & Wilson, Inc., Seattle, WA (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

63

Pilot tests guide VOC control choice  

SciTech Connect

On-site pilot testing determines proper operating conditions for catalysts of pollution control equipment at optimum performance levels while demonstrating their ability to reduce emissions, odors and opacity from stack gases in manufacturing processes. Examples are provided ofr the catalytic control of emissions from coffee roasting, carbon fiber manufacturing, and can coating. Portable oxidizer units are employed in the pilot testing.

Van Benschoten, D.M. [Johnson Matthey Environmental Products, Wayne, PA (United States)

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Social Influences on Rat Spatial Choice Social Influences on Rat Spatial Choice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of spatial working memory paradigms using pairs of laboratory rats foraging together for food depleted of food by the other rat. The latter effect is based on working memory for the choices madeSocial Influences on Rat Spatial Choice Social Influences on Rat Spatial Choice Michael F. Brown

Cook, Robert

65

Energy 101: Lighting Choices | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting Choices Lighting Choices Energy 101: Lighting Choices Addthis Below is the text version for the Energy 101: Lighting Choices video: The video opens with "Energy 101: Lighting Choices." This is followed by shots of a variety of lamps being turned on. We're all used to lighting up dark spaces with the flip of a switch. In fact, people have been doing so since Thomas Edison invented the incandescent light bulb about 130 years ago...and we've used that same old bulb ever since. The video shows a store aisle with a diverse light bulb selection, then moves to close-ups of the packaging labels on various bulbs. Today you'll see more light bulb options in stores. These bulbs will give you the light you want while saving you energy...and money. A hand screws in a light bulb and flips the switch. The bulb is shown in

66

UTILIZING STATISTICS TO DETERMINE HOW MUCH SAMPLING AND ANALYSISIS WARRANTED TO SUPPORT SAVANNAH RIVER SITEHIGH LEVEL WASTE SLUDGE BATCH PREPARATION  

SciTech Connect

Accelerated cleanup initiatives at the SRS include expediting radioactive sludge processing. Sludge is the highest risk component of waste since it contains the highest concentrations of long-lived radionuclides. The sludge is staged into ''batches'' that are then the feed material to the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) which vitrifies the waste into a safe form for permanent disposal. The preparation of each batch includes sampling and analysis of the slurried material. The results of the characterization are used as the bases for batch blending and processing decisions. Uncertainty is inherent in the information used for planning. There is uncertainty in the quantity of sludge contained in a tank, the waste composition, and the waste physical properties. The goal of this analysis is to develop the basis for the number of physical samples that should be taken from the slurried waste tank and the number of replicates of laboratory measurements that should be performed in order to achieve a specified uncertainty level. Recommendations for sampling and analysis strategies are made based on the results of the analysis.

Hamm, B

2007-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

67

Residential fuel choice in the Pacific Northwest  

SciTech Connect

In 1983, the Northwest Power Planning Council (Council) issued Model Conservation Standards (MCS) designed to improve the efficiency of electrically heated buildings. Since then, the standards have been adopted by numerous local governments and utilities. The Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville) has played an active role in marketing residential energy efficiency improvements through the Super Good Cents Program (SGCP) and encouraging the adoption and implementation of the MCS as local codes through the Early Adopter Program (EAP). Since the inception of the MCS, however, questions have arisen about the effect of the code and programs on the selection of heating fuels for new homes. Recently, Bonneville has proposed a gradual reduction in the incentive levels under these two programs prior to 1995 based on several assumptions about the market for MCS homes: builder costs will decline as builders gain experience building them; buyers will seek out MCS homes as their appreciation for their lower energy costs and greater comfort increases; and the resale market will increasingly reflect the greater quality of MCS homes. The growing availability of data from several jurisdictions where the MCS have been implemented has recently made it possible to begin assessing the effect of the MCS programs on residential fuel choice and evaluating assumptions underlying the programs and Bonneville's plans to revise them. This study is the first such assessment conducted for Bonneville.

Lee, A.D.; Englin, J.E.; Harkreader, S.A.

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Factors Affecting Choice and Judgment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... natural conditions, records being made of the behaviour of road users, both drivers and pedestrians, to determine how this behaviour could be improved. The findings must be of interest ... the existence of fast traffic on the major road. The same effects are observable on pedestrians; a policeman at a crossing has a significant effect on those (chiefly men, ...

R. G. HOPKINSON

1952-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

69

Disaggregation of energy-saving targets for China's provinces: modeling results and real choices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Starting with the 11th Five-Year Plan (FYP) and continuing in the 12th FYP, quantitative and binding targets have been set for energy-efficiency improvement in China. Drawing on international experience in burden-sharing on climate change, this paper presents a framework for provincial-level disaggregation of energy-saving targets in China. Based on principles of equity and efficiency, four scenarios have been established by weighting different choice preferences of responsibility, capacity, and potential. In addition, nonlinear and linear allocation models have been developed by considering or ignoring marginal energy-saving cost. When this framework was applied to the disaggregation of the national energy saving target of 16% during the 12th FYP, the results show that the final allocation schemes are largely determined by the policy maker's choice preferences. The extreme reduction target of 37.26% fell to Shanghai under responsibility preferring (RP) using the linear allocation method, while the capability preferring (CP) scenario considering marginal energy-saving cost is the closest to the actual scheme accepted by the 30 provinces. Development of such a framework may serve as a feasible policy instrument to help China achieve its conservation targets in a cost-effective way and in accordance with its regional development strategies.

L.X. Zhang; Y.Y. Feng; B.H. Zhao

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Renewble Choice Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewble Choice Energy Renewble Choice Energy Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Renewble Choice Energy Name Renewble Choice Energy Address 2500 55th Street, Suite 210 Place Boulder, Colorado Zip 80301 Sector Carbon Product Provides RECs, VERs and green power to LEED certified projects Website http://www.renewablechoice.com Coordinates 40.0251°, -105.223585° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.0251,"lon":-105.223585,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

71

Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

S. Kurani, “Car Buyers and Fuel Economy? ” Energy Policy,Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice? BY TOMa car, do they think about fuel costs over time, are they

Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth; Heffner, Rusty

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Independent choices in Margaret Atwood's novels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INDEPENDENT CHOICES IN MARGARET ATWOOD'S NOVELS A Thesis by MICHELE WELLS McAVOY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS December 1996... Major Subject: English INDEPENDENT CHOICES IN MARGARET ATWOOD'S NOVELS A Thesis by MICHELE WELLS McAVOY Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS Approved as to style...

McAvoy, Michele Wells

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

73

A Method for energy estimation and mass composition determination of primary cosmic rays at Chacaltaya observation level based on atmospheric Cerenkov light technique  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new method for energy and mass composition estimation of primary cosmic ray radiation based on atmospheric Cerenkov light flux in extensive air showers (EAS) analysis is proposed. The Cerenkov light flux in EAS initiated by primary protons and iron nuclei is simulated with CORSIKA 5.62 code for Chacaltaya observation level (536 g/cm2) in the energy range 10 TeV - 10 PeV. An adequate model, approximation of lateral distribution of Cerenkov light in showers is obtained. Using the proposed model and solution of overdetermined system of nonlinear equations based on Gauss Newton method with autoregularization, two different array detector arrangements are compared. The detector response for the detector sets is simulated. The accuracies in energy and shower axis determination are studied and the corresponding selection criteria are proposed. An approximation with nonlinear fit is obtained and the energy dependence of the proposed model function parameters is studied. The approximation of model parameters as function of the primary energy is carried out. This permits, taking into account the properties of the proposed method and model, to distinguish proton primaries from iron primaries. The detector response for the detector sets is simulated and the accuracies in energy determination are calculated. Moreover the accuracies in shower axis determination are studied and criteria in shower axis position estimation are proposed.

S. Mavrodiev; A. Mishev; J. Stamenov

2003-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

74

Are Cluster Ion Analysis Beams Good Choices for Hydrogen Depth...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cluster Ion Analysis Beams Good Choices for Hydrogen Depth Profiling Using Time-of-Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry? Are Cluster Ion Analysis Beams Good Choices for Hydrogen...

75

Flexible Fuel Vehicles: Providing a Renewable Fuel Choice, Vehicle...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Flexible Fuel Vehicles: Providing a Renewable Fuel Choice, Vehicle Technologies Program (VTP) (Fact Sheet) Flexible Fuel Vehicles: Providing a Renewable Fuel Choice, Vehicle...

76

FLEXIBILITY IN NEST-SITE CHOICE AND NESTING SUCCESS OF TURDUS RUFIVENTRIS (TURDIDAE) IN A MONTANE FOREST IN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FLEXIBILITY IN NEST-SITE CHOICE AND NESTING SUCCESS OF TURDUS RUFIVENTRIS (TURDIDAE) IN A MONTANE AND THOMAS E. MARTIN4 ABSTRACT.--We studied the consequences of nest-site choice on nesting success under differing disturbance levels for the Rufous-bellied Thrush (Turdus rufiventris). We compared nest

Martin, Thomas E.

77

Sea Level Rise Media Release  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sea Level Rise Media Release Coverage Report 07/06/2009 Melting Ice Could Lead to Massive Waves 06/11/2009 Rising sea levels could see U.S. Atlantic coast cities make hard choices; Where to let Baltimore Chronicle & Sentinel, The 06/08/2009 Rapid rise in sea levels on East Coast predicted Pittsburgh

Hu, Aixue

78

Choice Electric Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Choice Electric Co Choice Electric Co Jump to: navigation, search Name Choice Electric Co Place Murwillumbah, New South Wales, Australia Zip 2484 Sector Solar Product Agency for Sharp solar (the largest solar panel producer in the world), Fronius, and Unitrac. Coordinates -28.32995°, 153.391693° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-28.32995,"lon":153.391693,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

79

Green Power Network: Community Choice Aggregation (CCA)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Community Choice Aggregation (CCA) Community Choice Aggregation (CCA) Community choice aggregation (CCA) is a state policy that enables local governments to aggregate electricity demand within their jurisdictions in order to procure alternative energy supplies while maintaining the existing electricity provider for transmission and distribution services. Many states passed CCA laws as part of electric restructuring legislation in the late 1990s and early 2000s. States that have passed CCA laws include California (2002), Illinois (2009), Massachusetts (1997), New Jersey (2003), Ohio (1999), and Rhode Island (1997). There are many reasons that a community may choose to develop a CCA, including the option to purchase more green power, reduce electricity cost, and provide power from more local sources.

80

Optimal Consumption Choice with Intertemporal Substitution y  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimal Consumption Choice with Intertemporal Substitution y By Peter Bank and Frank Riedel z consumption plans are established under arbitrary convex portfolio constraints, including both complete of the underlying stochastics, optimal consumption occurs at rates, in gulps, or in a singular way. y Support

Bank, Peter

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

CAUSALITY, MEMORY ERASING AND DELAYED CHOICE EXPERIMENTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Comment on [R.L. Ingraham, Phys. Rev. A 50, 4502 (1994)]. Ingraham suggested ``a delayed-choice experiment with partial, controllable memory erasing''. It is shown that he cannot be right since his predictions contradict relativistic causality. A subtle quantum effect which was overlooked by Ingraham is explained.

Y. Aharonov; S. Popsecu; L. Vaidman

1995-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

82

Sustainability: Preserving Choice for the Army  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sustainability: Preserving Choice for the Army Friday, October 19, 2012 12:00 - 1:30 p.m. (lunch will be provided) Wrigley Hall, Room 481 Richard Kidd Deputy Assistant of the Army, Energy and Sustainability infrastructure. The development of Army-wide sustainability principles coupled with investments, training

Hall, Sharon J.

83

Visualizing the Choices: Marginals, Risk Measures &  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

increase, ... area flooded,... population homeless....) Choice of measure to quote (VaR/quantile, CVa tail. Likewise, Platen EPJ-B, Taylor S. Africa data (T, VG). These differ in the detail but agree data moment for a pdf with density decaying like x-4 , x-5 ). 6 PresentationPrint.nb #12;Trying to do better

Shaw, William

84

A preliminary report on the determination of natural radioactivity levels of the State of Qatar using high-resolution gamma-ray spectrometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study is aimed at the determination of the activity concentrations of naturally occuring and technically enhanced levels of radiation in soil samples collected across the landscape of Qatar. Representative soil samples from various locations across the Qatarian peninsula have been collected and analyzed in order to establish activity concentrations associated with the 235,8U and 232Th natural decay chains and also the long-lived naturally occurring radionuclide 40K. The activity concentrations have been measured using a hyper-pure germanium detector. Details of the sample preparation and the gamma-ray spectroscopic analysis techniques are presented, together with the preliminary values of the activity concentrations associated with the naturally occuring radionuclide chains for six soil samples collected from the Qatarian peninsula. Sample 228, which has been collected from an inshore oil-field area, was observed to have the highest observed value of 226Ra concentration among the six samples. The weighted mean values of the activity concentrations of the radionuclides 238U, 232Th and 40K in one particular sample (sample 228) were, respectively, found to be 213.9±1.4, 4.55±0.11 and 111.4±3.6 Bq/kg, which compare with the worldwide weighted mean values in soil samples, 33, 45 and 420 Bq/kg, respectively. The deduced activity concentration of 238U in sample 228 in the current work was found to be significantly higher than the worldwide average value and was also significantly higher than the values determined for the five other initial samples discussed here. The mean values of the activity concentration of the 232Th series, 40K and 137Cs in Bq/kg from the six investigated soil samples were found to be 9.4±1.3, 204±22 and 5.8±5.6, respectively, with the quoted uncertainty referring to the standard deviation among these measurements.

H. Al-Sulaiti; P.H. Regan; D.A. Bradley; D. Malain; T. Santawamaitre; A. Habib; M. Matthews; S. Bukhari; M. Al-Dosari

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Choice, involvement and illusory control 1 Running head: CHOICE, INVOLVEMENT AND ILLUSORY CONTROL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, which triggers the (quasi-)immediate resolution of the gamble (e.g., spinning the wheel, throwing the dice, picking the ball from the urn).1 Choice and Involvement are orthogonal dimensions of the gambling

Boyer, Edmond

86

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Choice Environmental Services Chooses  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Choice Environmental Choice Environmental Services Chooses Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Choice Environmental Services Chooses Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Choice Environmental Services Chooses Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Choice Environmental Services Chooses Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Choice Environmental Services Chooses Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Choice Environmental Services Chooses Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Choice Environmental Services Chooses Natural Gas on AddThis.com... Oct. 11, 2011 Choice Environmental Services Chooses Natural Gas " In our bidding for residential collection contracts, we realized that the

87

Sustainability in the power plant choice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

International literature presents several studies on the economics of power plants based on cash flows. However there are sustainability factors (e.g., environmental and social aspects, etc.) able to heavily bear on the sustainability of certain investments. This paper lists and quantifies these factors and ranks under different scenarios the following technologies: hydro, coal, oil, gas and nuclear. Then an overall multi-attribute model, based on the quality function deployment approach, delivers a weight for each factor, dividing its impact in the three different sustainability dimensions: economic, environmental and social. Finally the factor weights and their performances are coupled to obtain an overall ranking. The results show that hydroelectric plants are usually the best solution. Coal and nuclear could be a good choice even if each type of plant has its strengths and weaknesses. On the contrary, the oil and gas-fired plants are always the worst choice.

Giorgio Locatelli; Mauro Mancini

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

The relative effect of health literacy and patient activation on provider choice in the Netherlands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Active provider choice by patients has become an important policy theme in western, countries over the last decades. However, not many patients and consumers exercise their right to, choose. Both health literacy and patient activation are likely to have an impact on the choice process. In, this article the relative effect of health literacy and patient activation on provider choice in the, Netherlands is studied. A questionnaire was sent to a representative sample of 2000 Dutch citizens. The questionnaire, included a measure of functional health literacy, the Dutch version of the Patient Activation Measure, and questions assessing active provider choice, reasons not to engage in it and other ways of provider, selection. The majority of respondents (59.6%) would not search for information on the basis of which they, could select the best provider or hospital. Most people rely on their general practitioner's advice. Both, low literacy and lower patient activation levels were negatively associated with active provider choice. In a regression analysis gender, education and patient activation proved the most important, predictors. The policy focus on active provider choice might result in inequity, with men, less educated, and less activated people being at a disadvantage.

Jany Rademakers; Jessica Nijman; Anne E.M. Brabers; Judith D. de Jong; Michelle Hendriks

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Energy Choice Simulator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Choice Simulator Energy Choice Simulator Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy Choice Simulator Agency/Company /Organization: Great Plains Institute Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, People and Policy Phase: Create a Vision, Develop Goals, Prepare a Plan, Get Feedback, Evaluate Effectiveness and Revise as Needed Topics: Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Co-benefits assessment, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: www.energychoicesimulator.com/ Country: United States Locality: Midwestern United States Cost: Free Northern America Coordinates: 37.09024°, -95.712891° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.09024,"lon":-95.712891,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

90

How Do You Make Greener Transportation Choices? | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

How Do You Make Greener Transportation Choices? How Do You Make Greener Transportation Choices? February 24, 2011 - 8:44am Addthis On Tuesday, Shannon told you about some...

91

An analysis of judgemental bias in housing choice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

bias is found, in which elements of the choice frame have an unexpectedly negative impact on perceptions. This new bias is persistent across several experimental scenarios and is labelled the 'choice pollution effect'....

Scott, Peter J.

2011-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

92

Experimental entanglement-assisted quantum delayed-choice experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The puzzling properties of quantum mechanics, wave-particle duality, entanglement and superposition, were dissected experimentally at past decades. However, hidden-variable (HV) models, based on three classical assumptions of wave-particle objectivity, determinism and independence, strive to explain or even defeat them. The development of quantum technologies enabled us to test experimentally the predictions of quantum mechanics and HV theories. Here, we report an experimental demonstration of an entanglement-assisted quantum delayed-choice scheme using a liquid nuclear magnetic resonance quantum information processor. This scheme we realized is based on the recently proposed scheme [Nat. Comms. 5:4997(2014)], which gave different results for quantum mechanics and HV theories. In our experiments, the intensities and the visibilities of the interference are in consistent the theoretical prediction of quantum mechanics. The results imply that a contradiction is appearing when all three assumptions of HV models are combined, though any two of the above assumptions are compatible with it.

Tao Xin; Hang Li; Bi-Xue Wang; Gui-Lu Long

2014-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

93

Frequently Asked Questions: Lighting Choices to Save You Money | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Frequently Asked Questions: Lighting Choices to Save You Money Frequently Asked Questions: Lighting Choices to Save You Money Frequently Asked Questions: Lighting Choices to Save You Money August 9, 2012 - 9:20am Addthis Frequently Asked Questions: Lighting Choices to Save You Money Below are some of the most frequently asked questions and answers about the new lighting efficiency standards. Learn more about your lighting choices and find out how to shop for lights by lumens, not watts. Download our Lighting Myths and Facts fact sheet to learn more about your lighting choices and the new lighting standards. Why are my lighting choices changing? What is the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA 2007)? When will the new bulbs be phased in? What will the lighting standards mandated by EISA 2007 mean to consumers?

94

Frequently Asked Questions: Lighting Choices to Save You Money | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Frequently Asked Questions: Lighting Choices to Save You Money Frequently Asked Questions: Lighting Choices to Save You Money Frequently Asked Questions: Lighting Choices to Save You Money August 9, 2012 - 9:20am Addthis Frequently Asked Questions: Lighting Choices to Save You Money Below are some of the most frequently asked questions and answers about the new lighting efficiency standards. Learn more about your lighting choices and find out how to shop for lights by lumens, not watts. Download our Lighting Myths and Facts fact sheet to learn more about your lighting choices and the new lighting standards. Why are my lighting choices changing? What is the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA 2007)? When will the new bulbs be phased in? What will the lighting standards mandated by EISA 2007 mean to consumers?

95

E-Print Network 3.0 - attraction influences mate-choice Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

mate choice copying affects sexual selection... territory drive sexual selection. Recent theory has also shown that female mate choice copying can alter... mate choice, responding...

96

Will customer choice always lower costs?  

SciTech Connect

Since competition may either increase or decrease electricity costs for individual customers, regulators need the authority and tools to determine whether retail competition will result in a lower or higher cost of electric service, and whether anti-competitive conduct can be detected. Today`s regulations of the electric industry generally allows only a single supplier to serve all retail customers within an exclusive service territory. Due to changes in technology, law, and in what might best be called philosophy, many large customers are now being joined by independent power producers, marketers and brokers in arguing that a multitude of suppliers should be allowed to compete to serve retail customers. Thus, a critical issue regulators and legislatures must address is whether or not to allow more than one supplier of electricity at the retail level. The primary economic rationale for permitting exclusive service territories and a single retail provider is the existence of a natural monopoly. The driving force for retail competition, on the other hand, is the perception that a less costly non-utility option is available for a number of customers. Conventional wisdom seems to see natural monopoly and lower-cost options for customers as mutually exclusive alternatives. That is, it is often thought that there can be no less costly alternative for any customer if a natural monopoly exists. Conversely, if there is a cheaper alternative for any customer, many see this as evidence that a natural monopoly no longer exists, and that free entry into the retail market should be allowed.

Corneli, S.B.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Determination of the properties of nuclear energy levels of La¹³? and Pr¹?¹ by the resonance fluorescence of neutron capture gamma rays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DE ERMINATION OF THE PROPERTIES OF NUCLEAR ENEPGY LEVELS OF La~ AND Pr-"' BY THE RESCNANCE FLUORESCENCE CF Ni". UTRON CAPTURE BAI'IMA RAYS A Thesis William Bradley Wilson Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial... fulfil'men o. the reouirement for ti. e degr e of Master of Science January, 1969 MaJ'or Sub) ect Nuclea Eng. '. u:eering DE' EPM1INATION OF THE PROPERTIES OF NUCLEAR ENERGY LEVELS OF La ~ AND Pr'" BY THE RFSONANCE FLUORESCENCE OF NEUTRON CAP URE...

Wilson, William Bradley

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

98

Vote for People's Choice Award! | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vote for People's Choice Award! Vote for People's Choice Award! Vote for People's Choice Award! June 6, 2013 - 5:49pm Addthis Vote for your favorite team to win the National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition's "People's Choice Award." Vote for your favorite team to win the National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition's "People's Choice Award." Jennifer Garson Tech to Market Analyst, Commercialization Program (EERE) Editor's note: This article was originally posted on the official blog for the National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition. As the final days count down to the 2013 DOE National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition, public voting for the "People's Choice" award has been launched on DOE's site! You can vote here. Voting closes on June 12 at 4

99

DEFINITIONS OF COMPACTNESS AND THE AXIOM OF CHOICE ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Apr 17, 2001 ... [gj] L. Gillman and M. Jerrison, Rings of Continuous Functions, Van Nostrand, 1960. [he] H. Herrlich, Compactness and the axiom of choice, ...

1910-20-32T23:59:59.000Z

100

Applications of formal model choice to archaeological chronology building  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Applications of formal model choice to archaeological chronology building Sujit K. Sahu, Faculty several sources must be drawn together. Di#11;erent statistical models may, however, provide widely di#11-constructions of archaeological past using di#11;erent models. Bayesian predictive model choice criteria can be used as possible

Sahu, Sujit K

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Measuring Transactions Costs from Observed Behavior: Market Choices in Peru  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measuring Transactions Costs from Observed Behavior: Market Choices in Peru Renos Vakis, Elisabeth these transactions costs. When opportunities exist to sell a crop on alternative markets, the observed choice of market can be used to infer a monetary measure of transactions costs in market participation. The market

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

102

Multicriteria Choice of the NVG Optoelectronic Channel Elements Daniela Borissova  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

6 1 Multicriteria Choice of the NVG Optoelectronic Channel Elements Daniela Borissova Institute of technological development and mass production. The process of the NVG design involves choice of optoelectronic elements must fulfill specific requirements of the NVG optoelectronic channel and it has to meet user

Borissova, Daniela

103

500 CHOICE OF: ORANGE OR GREEN TOTE BAG  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

500 CHOICE OF: ORANGE OR GREEN TOTE BAG 16 oz. TUMBLER w/LID & STRAW, BPA FREE POCKET BOUND JOURNAL BOOK 1000 CHOICE OF: SDC DAY PASS 16 oz. TUMBLER w/LID & STRAW, BPA FREE PCOKET BOUND JOURNAL BOOK FROM THE CAMPUS BOOKSTORE UP TO A $15 VALUE 16 oz. TUMBLER w/LID & STRAW, BPA FREE CLASSIC DOME COOLER

104

RESIDENTIAL LOCATION CHOICE AND TRAVEL BEHAVIOR: IMPLICATIONS FOR AIR QUALITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RESIDENTIAL LOCATION CHOICE AND TRAVEL BEHAVIOR: IMPLICATIONS FOR AIR QUALITY UC Davis-Caltrans Air Avenue Davis, CA 95616 Prepared for The California Department of Transportation Mike Brady, Air Quality control measure. #12;RESIDENTIAL LOCATION CHOICE AND TRAVEL BEHAVIOR: IMPLICATIONS FOR AIR QUALITY

Levinson, David M.

105

Information for Media on Lighting Choices | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Media on Lighting Choices Media on Lighting Choices Information for Media on Lighting Choices July 30, 2012 - 8:25am Addthis Information for Media on Lighting Choices These videos, presentation, and images are available for use by media organizations. The materials are copyright-free, and you are welcome to cite the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy as the source. Public Service Announcements These PSAs educate consumers about saving money on their electric bill with new lighting choices and looking for "lumens," a new way to shop for light bulbs. Two :30 and two :60 audio PSAs are available for your download below. Download Windows Media Player or iTunes. PSA Format Length File Size A New Generation .MP3 0:30 483 KB A New Generation .MP3 1:00

106

Regulation and free market fuel choices: On a collision course?  

SciTech Connect

Pervasive regulation of the mining industry is nothing new. Federal and state regulation of the public health, safety and environmental impacts of mining is a cost of doing business. Yet as government regulators push the edge of the envelop of responsible regulation, they create incentives for companies to look for opportunities elsewhere. Uncertainty in government regulation has been one factor in decisions by mining companies to locate new enterprises in foreign countries, a trend that we expect will continue. Colorado coal producers also face a challenge that goes beyond mere regulation of how to structure their operations .Coal producers in Colorado face the prospect of government intervention that would displace the free market in determining fuel use choices. This is reflected in prior efforts to persuade regulatory agencies in Colorado to artificially raise the price of coal through the assignment of a monetary value to externalities, or the unaccounted for costs to society of burning coal. More directly and more recently, competitors in the natural gas industry have sought orders compelling coal fired power plants to switch from burning coal to natural gas. Having government, in lieu of the free market, dictate to electricity consumers whether coal or natural gas will be used to supply electric power creates a potentially damaging and negative precedent for the producers of all mineral commodities. This paper explores recent regulatory challenges in Colorado, how it has affected the industry, and how the industry is responding to these challenges.

Sanderson, S.A.

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

EIA-DOE Vehicle Choice and Markets Technical Workshop  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

DOE Vehicle Choice and Markets Technical Workshop 1 DOE Vehicle Choice and Markets Technical Workshop 1 January 2013 EIA-DOE Vehicle Choice and Markets Technical Workshop Meeting Summary The Department of Energy (DOE) and Energy Information Administration (EIA) held a workshop on January 25th, 2013 in Detroit, MI with marketing and automotive industry experts to discuss and better understand consumer acceptance of hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and battery electric vehicles. The workshop focused on recent survey analyses, market representation, state of the art modeling, and comparisons of projected model results. This event provided a rare and insightful opportunity to compare and contrast our understanding and representation of vehicle markets and vehicle choice modeling with our nation's automotive leaders to assure that EIA's future projections and policy

108

Power Choice/Pepco Energy Serv | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Choice/Pepco Energy Serv Choice/Pepco Energy Serv Jump to: navigation, search Name Power Choice/Pepco Energy Serv Place New Jersey Utility Id 14405 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File2_2010[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates No Rates Available References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File2_2010" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Power_Choice/Pepco_Energy_Serv&oldid=412767" Categories: EIA Utility Companies and Aliases Utility Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version

109

Jackson EMC - Right Choice for Builders Rebate Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Jackson EMC - Right Choice for Builders Rebate Program Jackson EMC - Right Choice for Builders Rebate Program Jackson EMC - Right Choice for Builders Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Installer/Contractor Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Program Info State Georgia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Not specified Provider Jackson Electric Membership Corporation Jackson Electric Membership Corporation (EMC) is an electric cooperative that serves 194,000 in 10 northeast Georgia counties. To encourage the construction of homes that are energy efficient, Jackson EMC offers the Right Choice Savings Program. Builders who meet the certification standards of the program and build homes that meet certain energy efficiency

110

Choice of Weapons for the Truel Thomas S. Ferguson, UCLA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Choice of Weapons for the Truel Thomas S. Ferguson, UCLA 1. Truels. The truel is the extension at each other's. 2. Choosing Weapons for the Shubik Truel 1 #12;In the Shubik truel, contestants A, B

Ferguson, Thomas S.

111

Natural Gas Utility Restructuring and Customer Choice Act (Montana)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

These regulations apply to natural gas utilities that have restructured in order to acquire rate-based facilities. The regulations address customer choice offerings by natural gas utilities, which...

112

Choice modeling of relook tasks for UAV search missions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper addresses human decision-making in supervisory control of a team of unmanned vehicles performing search missions. Previous work has proposed the use of a two-alternative choice framework, in which operators ...

Bertuccelli, Luca F.

113

Factors Affecting Cotton Producers' Choice of Marketing Outlet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent years, changes in government policies, supply and demand fundamentals and price patterns in the cotton market have led to several shifts in how producers market their cotton. This thesis examined producer cash marketing choices, including...

Pace, Jason 1979-

2012-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

114

University of California Energy Institute Design Choices in the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

University of California Energy Institute Design Choices in the Organization of Electricity Markets Electricity Market » Transmission pricing #12;University of California Energy Institute Restructuring Goals of California Energy Institute Organization of Firms · Public vs. Private Ownership ­ Restructuring

California at Berkeley. University of

115

Indian Climate Policy: Choices and Challenges | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Policy: Choices and Challenges Climate Policy: Choices and Challenges Jump to: navigation, search Name Climate Change and India's Energy Policy Agency/Company /Organization Stimson Sector Energy, Climate Topics Policies/deployment programs, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, - Energy Security, Background analysis Website http://www.stimson.org/rv/pdf/ Country India UN Region South-Eastern Asia References Climate Change and India's Energy Policy[1] "Indian Climate Policy: Choices and Challenges illustrates the complex constraints on Indian policymakers and provides material for more fruitful, better-informed discussions in Washington, Delhi, and all points between" References ↑ "Climate Change and India's Energy Policy" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Indian_Climate_Policy:_Choices_and_Challenges&oldid=374308"

116

Apps for Energy Popular Choice Winners | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Popular Choice Winners Popular Choice Winners Home > Groups > Green Button Applications NickL's picture Submitted by NickL(46) Member 7 June, 2012 - 09:22 Congratulations to all of the winners of the "Apps for Energy" Challenge. Public voting has closed and the full list of winners is now available at http://energy.gov/articles/popular-choice-winners-announced-apps-energy-competition. Winners of the challenge can be found on OpenEI's featured apps list, and all apps from the challenge are available when filtering the list by "Challenge Generated". Groups: Green Button Applications Login to post comments Latest discussions NickL Apps for Energy Popular Choice Winners Posted: 7 Jun 2012 - 09:22 by NickL NickL Apps for Energy Challenge Posted: 23 May 2012 - 13:54 by NickL

117

Fuzzy Constraints, Choice, and Utility Philippe De Wilde  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

automatically using intelligent software agents. To achieve this, we need to re-formulate micro-economy so, such as the Orlovsky choice function is proposed and adopted, scientists usually start refining and generalizing it

De Wilde, Philippe

118

An Empirical Study of Alternative Fuel Vehicle Choice by Commercial Fleets: Lessons in Transportation Choices, and Public Agencies' Organization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1990). “The Economics of Alternative Fuel Use: SubstitutingAn Empirical Study of Alternative Fuel Vehicle Choice byFleet Demand for Alternative-Fuel Vehicles,” with T. Golob,

Crane, Soheila Soltani

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Customer-Specific Taste Parameters and Mixed Logit: Households' Choice of Electricity Supplier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

M a y 2000 Keywords: energy suppliers, mixed logit, tastecustomers' choice among energy suppliers in conjoint-typecustomers' choice o f energy supplier and estimate the value

Revelt, David; Train, Kenneth

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

E-Print Network 3.0 - adult mate choice Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

on 1 Summary: :www.idealibrary.com on 1 Rapid Communication Socialinfluences on food choices of Norway rats and mate choices of Japanese... (Birkhead & Moller, 1998)....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

E-Print Network 3.0 - activity choices Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

... Validation choice Applic. Index Application... units ... Validation choice Applic. Index Application Activity"B" W a) b) If true If true false false pages... End...

122

Determination of actinide elements at femtogram per gram levels in environmental samples by on-line solid phase extraction and sector-field-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An on-line solid phase extraction method has been developed for the determination of 232Th, 237Np, 238U, 239Pu, 240Pu, 241Am and 243Am in biological certified reference material using a column containing TRU-Spec™ resin coupled with sector-field inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. Absolute detection limits were 0.7, 0.85, 0.6, and 0.65 fg for 237Np, 239Pu, 241Am and 243Am, respectively. The 239Pu was determined in NIST Human Liver (963±297 fg g?1 compared with a certified value of 848±161 fg g?1) using a dry and wet ashing sample preparation method, and in a spiked cabbage reference material (394±54 fg g?1 compared to an indicative value of 467 fg g?1) using microwave digestion. Sequential separation of Pu and U was achieved by on-column reduction of Pu with titanium(III) chloride and elution in 4 M \\{HCl\\} to facilitate the determination of 239Pu in samples containing high levels of 238U, thereby eliminating the interference of 238U1H+ at m/z 239. The sequential elution procedure was used to determine 239Pu in NIST human lung (814±55 fg g?1 compared with a certified range of 227–951 fg g?1) and NIST Rocky Flats Soil (2423±137 fg g?1 compared with a certified value of 3307±248 fg g?1).

Jason B Truscott; Phil Jones; Ben E Fairman; E.Hywel Evans

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

A Stark Choice on Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Stark Choice on Solar A Stark Choice on Solar A Stark Choice on Solar November 17, 2011 - 10:19am Addthis An overview of government-backed financing offered by China and the United States to solar manufacturing companies (Full Size). | Energy Department Image An overview of government-backed financing offered by China and the United States to solar manufacturing companies (Full Size). | Energy Department Image Dan Leistikow Dan Leistikow Former Director, Office of Public Affairs As Secretary Chu pointed out in his testimony this morning, we as a nation are in the midst of fierce global race to capture the solar market. Bloomberg estimates that in the past year and a half alone, the China

124

Natural Gas Choice and Competition Act in 1999 (Pennsylvania) | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Choice and Competition Act in 1999 (Pennsylvania) Choice and Competition Act in 1999 (Pennsylvania) Natural Gas Choice and Competition Act in 1999 (Pennsylvania) < Back Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Utility Program Info State Pennsylvania Program Type Safety and Operational Guidelines Provider Public Utilities Commission This act aims to regulate the distribution system for natural gas by utility companies in terms of contracts, costs, tariff structures and competition. These regulations include minimum standards for the construction, testing, corrosion protection, operation, release prevention, and repair and reuse of storage tanks, periodic inspection of the leak detection systems, release prevention measures and an annual registration fee to be paid by owners of storage tanks.

125

Solar Decathlon: Appalachian State Wins People's Choice Award |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Decathlon: Appalachian State Wins People's Choice Award Decathlon: Appalachian State Wins People's Choice Award Solar Decathlon: Appalachian State Wins People's Choice Award October 3, 2011 - 10:38am Addthis On Friday, Sept. 30, 2011, U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu spoke with Jeffrey Tiller, left, and David Lee, right, members of Appalachian State’s Solar Decathlon team. | Credit: Stefano Paltera/U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon On Friday, Sept. 30, 2011, U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu spoke with Jeffrey Tiller, left, and David Lee, right, members of Appalachian State's Solar Decathlon team. | Credit: Stefano Paltera/U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon Carol Anna Communications Manager for the 2011 Solar Decathlon EDITOR'S NOTE: Originally posted on the Solar Decathlon News Blog on

126

Beryllium Screening - Informed Choice Document | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Beryllium Screening - Informed Choice Document Beryllium Screening - Informed Choice Document Beryllium Screening - Informed Choice Document January 2007 Cases of chronic beryllium disease (CBD), a legacy of the Department of Energy's (DOE) role in weapons production, have been increasing across the DOE complex. This trend has sparked increased concern about this serious occupational illness. In a national effort to identify current and former workers who have CBD or are sensitized to beryllium and to better understand the illness, DOE has set up a number of medical surveillance and research programs for both current and former workers. The way that workers enroll in the programs and the information that they are given prior to participating in the beryllium lymphocyte proliferation testing (Be-LPT) vary depending on where and when the worker was employed in a DOE

127

Pre-existing brain states predict risky choices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Rational decision-making models assume that people resolve an economic problem based on its properties and the underlying utility. Here we challenge this view by examining whether pre-stimulus endogenous neuronal fluctuations can bias economic decisions. We recorded subjects' pre-stimulus neural activation patterns with fMRI before presentation and choice between pairs of certain outcomes and risky gambles. Our results indicate that activities in the left nucleus accumbens and medial frontal gyrus can bias subsequent risky decision making, showing that neuronal activities in regions associated with uncertainty and reward processing are involved in biasing subsequent choice selection. This finding challenges theories which propose that choices merely reveal stable underlying distributions of hedonic utility. Endogenous brain states of this sort might originate from a systematic cause or a stochastic type of neural noise, which can be construed as contextual factors that shape people's decision making.

Yu-Feng Huang; Chun Siong Soon; O'Dhaniel A. Mullette-Gillman; Po-Jang Hsieh

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

LINEAR LATTICE BOLTZMANN SCHEMES FOR PARAMETERS CHOICES AND ISOTROPY PROPERTIES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LINEAR LATTICE BOLTZMANN SCHEMES FOR ACOUSTIC: PARAMETERS CHOICES AND ISOTROPY PROPERTIES ADELINE parameters choi- ces for linear lattice Boltzmann schemes according to the definition of the isotropic order2Q9 scheme. Introduction Lattice Boltzmann schemes [7, 11, 8] are numerically very interesting be

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

129

Operator Choice Modeling for Collaborative UAV Visual Search Tasks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Operator Choice Modeling for Collaborative UAV Visual Search Tasks Luca F. Bertuccelli Member, IEEE, and Mary L. Cummings Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) provide unprece- dented is expected to increase with envisaged future missions of one operator controlling mul- tiple UAVs

Cummings, Mary "Missy"

130

National Transportation Policy Options: A Time for Choice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

National Transportation Policy Options: A Time for Choice A white paper for participants of the 2008 James L. Oberstar Forum The Next Authorization: Transforming Transportation Policy? April 6­7, 2008 Minneapolis, Minnesota Sponsored by Center for Transportation Studies University of Minnesota

Minnesota, University of

131

MoneyTips4Texas Lifestyle Choices & Your Health  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MoneyTips4Texas Lifestyle Choices & Your Health Andrew B. Crocker Angela B. Burkham Sara L. Dodd: To gain knowledge about factors that may affect personal health and wellness. Objectives: 1. Learn about things which may affect health and wellness. 2. Learn about resources to help improve health and wellness

132

A Convex Optimization Approach for Computing Correlated Choice ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Probit (MNP) model where the random utilities of the alternatives are chosen ... the SUTD-MIT International Design Center grant number IDG31300105 on ...... of such data includes choice of lake recreation sites in the state of Wisconsin .... preferences for alternative-fuel vehicles, Transportation Research B, 34 (2000), pp.

2014-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

133

Editor's Choice Handbook of Wireless Networks and Mobile Computing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Editor's Choice Handbook of Wireless Networks and Mobile Computing Ivan Stojmenovic, Ed., 2002, and protocol point of view. The particular angle does not reduce in any way the wealth of topics covered, which spans from problems closer to the physical layer (e.g., allocation of channels/frequencies in cellular

Stojmenovic, Ivan

134

Student Choices when Learning with Computer Simulations Noah S. Podolefsky*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. We examine student choices while using PhET computer simulations (sims) to learn physics content answering FCI questions with sims. We find that while students' initially choose sims that match problem topics. The PhET simulations (sims) are available for free and are widely used around the world. While Ph

Colorado at Boulder, University of

135

Utility theory front to back inferring utility from agents' choices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Utility theory front to back ­ inferring utility from agents' choices A. M. G. Cox Dept to utility theory and consumption & investment problems. Instead of specifying an agent's utility function) and ask if it is possible to derive a utility function for which the observed behaviour is optimal. We

136

The Initial Allocation of Carbon Permits: Choices and Implications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the playing field, and we need other nations to cut emissions. 3. Permit value to R&D, renewable energy Cost MC + carbon tax Demand Fixed pollution per unit output (tons carbon per Kwh). The "demandThe Initial Allocation of Carbon Permits: Choices and Implications Prof. Don Fullerton University

137

Breakfast Choices (Price per person 10 person minimum)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WITH HOUSE DRESSING OR PASTA SALAD DELI COLD PLATE CHOICE OF DELI TURKEY, HAM OR ROAST BEEF AND SWISS SALAD AND SPRING GREENS WITH HOUSE DRESSING OR PASTA SALAD SEASONED PULLED PORK WITH SPLIT BUN ASSORTED PLATTER WITH HOME-MADE RANCH DIPPING SAUCE JUMBO CHEF'S SALAD SPRING GREENS GARNISHED AND TOPPED

Flandro, Gary A.

138

Sizing reduction induced by the choice of electrical applicances options in a stand-alone photovolatic production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The choice of electrical devices has an important part in energetic system sizing and profitability. “Conventional” and “highly efficient” electrical appliances have been studied from both energetic and economic points of view. We showed that it is possible to reduce the PV system sizing by three and the system cost by about four, only by choosing the best appliances without it changes the level of convenience.

G. Notton; M. Muselli; P. Poggi; A. Louche

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

TAFV Alternative Fuels and Vehicles Choice Model Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

34 34 ORNL/TM-2001/134 TAFV Alternative Fuels and TAFV Alternative Fuels and Vehicles Choice Model Vehicles Choice Model Documentation Documentation July 2001 David L. Greene David L. Greene Corporate Fellow Corporate Fellow DOCUMENT AVAILABILITY Reports produced after January 1, 1996, are generally available free via the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Information Bridge: Web site: http://www.osti.gov/bridge Reports produced before January 1, 1996, may be purchased by members of the public from the following source: National Technical Information Service 5285 Port Royal Road Springfield, VA 22161 Telephone: 703-605-6000 (1-800-553-6847) TDD: 703-487-4639 Fax: 703-605-6900 E-mail: info@ntis.fedworld.gov Web site: http://www.ntis.gov/support/ordernowabout.htm Reports are available to DOE employees, DOE contractors, Energy Technology Data Exchange

140

Public Policies, Private Choices: Consumer Desire and the Practice of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Public Policies, Private Choices: Consumer Desire and the Practice of Public Policies, Private Choices: Consumer Desire and the Practice of Energy Efficiency Speaker(s): Reuben Deumling Date: May 27, 2008 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Galen Barbose This talk explores refrigerator energy efficiency as a technical concept, a political framework, and a marketing strategy. Refrigerator energy consumption has been the subject of regulatory attention in the US for some thirty years. The results are celebrated as a successful model for how to combine regulatory objectives and consumer preferences in pursuit of environmental outcomes, with no losers. However, the per capita refrigerator energy consumption today remains (much) higher in the US than in virtually all other countries. In this talk I examine priorities shaping

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Recipient allocation preferences and organizational choices: a fit perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Christopher O. L. H. Porter was one of the most influential people throughout my graduate career, I thank him for his tremendous help with this dissertation and also for our work in the Team Research Lab. Mindy Bergman and Angelo DeNisi were very helpful... the relationship between different outcome types and choice of an allocation preference almost exclusively focused on the outcome categories proposed by the social exchange theory (Foa & Foa, 1975). The theory identifies six outcome categories that may...

Gogus, Celile Itir

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

142

The effects of energy efficiency and environmental labels on appliance choice in South Korea  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper investigates the effects of energy efficiency and environmental labels on households’ choice of appliances, using a discrete ... on appliance choice. This paper found that households showed a positive ...

Gicheol Jeong; Yeunjoong Kim

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Consumer Choice and Industrial Policy: a Study of UK Energy Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

choice among retail energy suppliers: the willingness-to-payimposed for changing energy suppliers, there is a time cost

Giulietti, Monica; Waddams Price, Catherine; Waterson, Michael

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Studies in Choice and Welfare M. Salles (Editor-in-Chief and Series Editor)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Social Choice and Strategic Decisions XVI, 319 pages, 2005. ISBN 3-540-22053-4 W. Kuklys Amartya Sen

Pukelsheim, Friedrich

145

To appear in Procedia Computer Science (2011) Computational Social Choice: Prospects and Challenges1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to social choice theorists such as Kenneth Arrow and Amartya Sen. Arrow's doctoral thesis, published in 1951

Endriss, Ulle

146

6. Contextfree Languages G be a choice of generators for the group G. W = -1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

6. Context­free Languages Let : G be a choice of generators for the group G. W = -1 (1) is called the word problem of G with respect this choice of generators. We have shown that G is finite on the choice of generators. A class of languages, C is closed under homomorphism if whenever f

Gilman, Robert

147

Retail Choice Experiments: Comparing Early-AdopterExperience  

SciTech Connect

This paper reviews the experience with retail choice of non-residential electricity customers during the period from early 1998 through the first few months of 2000. Key findings include: (1) customers in California received a significantly smaller discount from utility tariffs than customers in other competitive markets; (2) this sample of large commercial/industrial customers believed they were benefiting significantly more from commodity savings from contracts with retail electricity service providers (RESP) than from value-added services; and,(3) market rules appear to be critical to customer experiences with retail competition, yet the relationship between market rules and market development is inadequately understood.

Golove, William

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Delayed choice experiments, the arrow of time, and quantum measurement  

SciTech Connect

By a radical modification of statistical mechanics the measurement process of quantum mechanics can be described in terms of pure, unitary time evolution, with no wave function collapse or many-world ideas. The key notion is 'special states', rare microscopic states of a complex system. Recovering the standard probabilities requires of this theory the appearance of Cauchy-distributed noise in some measurement processes. This article treats experimental situations where such noise might be detected and correlated with the need or absence of need for special states. Included in this possibility are 'delayed choice' experiments, in which the correlation contravenes conventional ideas on causality. Background material on all topics is provided.

Schulman, L. S. [Physics Department, Clarkson University, Potsdam, New York 13699-5820 (United States)

2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

149

Julian Savulescu and the Issue of Controversial Choices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Romanian-Australian bioethicist and philosopher, Julian Savulescu is Professor of Applied Ethics at Oxford University and leader of transnational projects concerning ethical implications of cloning regarding embryonic stem cells, “the issue of artificial life and improvement of the human species” through technology. He performed an analysis of the relationship between construction of autonomy and the idea of good life in terms of controversial choices. The controversy is based on the idea of economics and welfare in relationship with yourself and with others. In this paper we analyze some of the implications of Julian Savulescu's views on contemporary development of bioethics.

Antonio Sandu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Customer Choice and Green Power Marketing: A Critical Review and Analysis of Experience to Date  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Customer Customer Choice and Green Power Marketing: A Critical Review and Analysis of Experience to Date Ryan Wiser, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Mark Bolinger, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Edward Holt, Ed Holt & Associates, Inc. ABSTRACT This article explores whether and to what extent individuals are willing to voluntarily pay a premium for products that provide public environmental benefits. In particular, we critically review and analyze the status and impacts of U.S. green power marketing to date. Green power marketing-the business of selling electricity products distinguished by their environmental attributes-seeks to develop a private market for renewable energy driven by consumer demand for green products. Debate has centered on the ability of such a market to provide a significant level of support for renewable energy sources. This paper examines

151

Energy efficiency choice in the purchase of residential appliances  

SciTech Connect

This paper provides a quantitative analysis of the behavior of the market for the purchase of energy efficiency in residential appliances and heating and cooling equipment. We examine the historical efficiency choices over the period 1972 to 1980 for eight consumer products: gas central space heaters, oil central space heaters, room air conditioners, central air conditioners, electric water heaters, gas water heaters, refrigerators, and freezers. We characterize the behavior of the market for these products by an aggregate market discount rate. Except for air conditioners, the observed discount rates are much higher than real interest rates or the discount rates commonly used in life-cycle cost analysis of consumer choice. They appear to be relatively constant, even though fuel prices escalated rapidly over the time period. We conclude from these results that the market for energy efficiency is not performing well. Several explanations of the under investment in efficiency are proposed: (1) lack of information about the costs and benefits of energy efficiency; (2) prevalence of third party purchasers; (3) unavailability of highly efficient equipment without other features; (4) long manufacturing lead times; and (5) other marketing strategies.

Ruderman, H.; Levine, M.D.; McMahon, J.E.

1984-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

DOE Solar Decathlon: Cornell University: Making an Unconventional Choice  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Silo House at Solar Decathlon 2009. Enlarge image Silo House at Solar Decathlon 2009. Enlarge image Silo House is now a private residence on Martha's Vineyard. Forty solar panels rise above three cylinders and a courtyard to provide Silo House with 8 kW of power. (Credit: Jim Tetro/U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon) Who: Cornell University What: Silo House Where: Martha's Vineyard Vineyard Haven, MA 02568 Map This House Public tours: Not available Solar Decathlon 2009 Cornell University: Making an Unconventional Choice Like the two U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon houses before it, Cornell University's Silo House now serves as a residence and is located within 30 miles of campus. Having competed in Solar Decathlon 2005 and 2007, the Cornell team knew it wanted to try something different in 2009. The team decided to create a

153

High-Level Waste Requirements  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

The guide provides the criteria for determining which DOE radioactive wastes are to be managed as high-level waste in accordance with DOE M 435.1-1.

1999-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

154

WHAT DO THREAT LEVELS AND RESPONSE LEVELS MEAN? THREAT LEVELS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WHAT DO THREAT LEVELS AND RESPONSE LEVELS MEAN? THREAT LEVELS: The UK Threat Level is decided by the Government's Joint Terrorism Analysis Centre (JTAC). It is the system to assess the threat to the UK from Threat Levels: Low - an attack is unlikely Moderate - an attack is possible, but not likely Substantial

Edinburgh, University of

155

Journal of Transportation Engineering Modelling Automobile Driver's Toll-Lane Choice Behaviour at a Toll Plaza  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Journal of Transportation Engineering Modelling Automobile Driver's Toll-Lane Choice Behaviour at a Toll Plaza --Manuscript Draft-- Manuscript Number: TEENG-1181R3 Full Title: Modelling Automobile Driver to develop a random utility based discrete multinomial choice model for the behaviour of automobile drivers

Kundu, Debasis

156

Modeling Individual Choices for Sustainable Mobility: Understanding the Role of the Environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling Individual Choices for Sustainable Mobility: Understanding the Role of the Environment to assessing the role of the environment in individual decisions for sustainable mobility. Many studies related with sustainable mobility have attempted to incorporate the role of environment in individual choices through

Bustamante, Fabián E.

157

Planning for death? An ethnographic study of choice and English end-of-life care  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Planning for Death? An ethnographic study of choice and English end-of-life care Erica Lynn Seruset Borgstrom (Erica Borgstrom) King’s College Department of Public Health and Primary Care University of Cambridge... 9 List of Images 1. Word cloud of end-of-life care choice…………………………………………………………………………………10 2. Map of County…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….46 3. Timeline of Research……………………………………………………………………………………………………..……48 4. Albert...

Borgstrom, Erica

2014-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

158

An air itinerary choice model based on a mixed RP/SP dataset  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An air itinerary choice model based on a mixed RP/SP dataset Bilge Atasoy Michel Bierlaire April/SP dataset. The aim of the combination of the two datasets is to exploit the variability of the SP data is modeled as a latent class. In this study we develop an itinerary choice model based on a real dataset

Bierlaire, Michel

159

What Drives the Choice of a Third Party Logistics Provider? Edward Anderson , Tim Coltman*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 What Drives the Choice of a Third Party Logistics Provider? Edward Anderson , Tim Coltman and the direction of the research project. #12;2 What Drives the Choice of a Third Party Logistics Provider of their distinctive value propositions ­ a fact one would also expect holds true when companies choose a logistics

Coltman, Tim

160

Making Sustainable Energy Choices: Insights on the Energy/Water/Land Nexus  

SciTech Connect

This periodic publication summarizes insights from the body of NREL analysis work. In this issue of Analysis Insights, we examine the implications of our energy choices on water, land use, climate, developmental goals, and other factors. Collectively, NREL's work helps policymakers and investors understand and evaluate energy choices within the complex web of connections, or nexus, between energy, water, and land.

Not Available

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

VALUING PUBLIC PREFERENCES FOR OFFSHORE WIND POWER: A CHOICE EXPERIMENT APPROACH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

VALUING PUBLIC PREFERENCES FOR OFFSHORE WIND POWER: A CHOICE EXPERIMENT APPROACH by Andrew D. Krueger All Rights Reserved #12;ii VALUING PUBLIC PREFERENCES FOR OFFSHORE WIND POWER: A CHOICE EXPERIMENT thank you for your perspective on offshore renewable energy regulation. As committee members, your

Firestone, Jeremy

162

Optimal Choice of Coordinates for Oil Well Drilling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Methods and algorithms for determining coordinates for drilling new wells on an admissible set are ... cases in which (1) time-changes in oil saturation can be neglected and (2) pressure and oil saturation distri...

A. V. Akhmetzyanov; V. N. Akhmetzyanov

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Simulation levels of detail for plant motion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and determine the allowable error in the simulation of branch motion. This allows us to choose the appropriate simulation level of detail and we provide smooth transitions from level to level. Our level of detail approach affects only the simulation parameters...

Beaudoin, Jacob Michael

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

164

Popular Choice Winners Announced for "Apps for Energy" Competition |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Popular Choice Winners Announced for "Apps for Energy" Popular Choice Winners Announced for "Apps for Energy" Competition Popular Choice Winners Announced for "Apps for Energy" Competition June 6, 2012 - 1:53pm Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - The Energy Department announced today the Popular Choice winners for the "Apps for Energy" competition, with app developers submitting more than 50 innovative mobile and web applications that will help utility consumers save money by making the most of their "Green Button" electricity usage data. Popular Choice awards reflect the results of public voting at http://appsforenergy.challenge.gov, which ran from May 17 to May 31 and involved over 12,000 participants. Other winners in the competition were selected by a panel of expert reviewers and

165

Sensitivity of Twenty-First-Century Global-Mean Steric Sea Level Rise to Ocean Model Formulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two comprehensive Earth system models (ESMs), identical apart from their oceanic components, are used to estimate the uncertainty in projections of twenty-first-century sea level rise due to representational choices in ocean physical formulation. ...

Robert Hallberg; Alistair Adcroft; John P. Dunne; John P. Krasting; Ronald J. Stouffer

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Impact of agricultural-based biofuel production on greenhouse gas emissions from land-use change: Key modelling choices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Recent regulations on biofuels require reporting of greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions related to feedstock-specific biofuels. However, the inclusion of GHG emissions from land-use change (LUC) into law and policy remains a subject of active discussion, with LUC–GHG emissions an issue of intense research. This article identifies key modelling choices for assessing the impact of biofuel production on LUC–GHG emissions. The identification of these modelling choices derives from evaluation and critical comparison of models from commonly accepted biofuels–LUC–GHG modelling approaches. The selection and comparison of models were intended to cover factors related to production of agricultural-based biofuel, provision of land for feedstock, and GHG emissions from land-use conversion. However, some fundamental modelling issues are common to all stages of assessment and require resolution, including choice of scale and spatial coverage, approach to accounting for time, and level of aggregation. It is argued here that significant improvements have been made to address LUC–GHG emissions from biofuels. Several models have been created, adapted, coupled, and integrated, but room for improvement remains in representing LUC–GHG emissions from specific biofuel production pathways, as follows: more detailed and integrated modelling of biofuel supply chains; more complete modelling of policy frameworks, accounting for forest dynamics and other drivers of LUC; more heterogeneous modelling of spatial patterns of LUC and associated GHG emissions; and clearer procedures for accounting for the time-dependency of variables. It is concluded that coupling the results of different models is a convenient strategy for addressing effects with different time and space scales. In contrast, model integration requires unified scales and time approaches to provide generalised representations of the system. Guidelines for estimating and reporting LUC–GHG emissions are required to help modellers to define the most suitable approaches and policy makers to better understand the complex impacts of agricultural-based biofuel production.

Luis Panichelli; Edgard Gnansounou

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Fatty acid composition of retail cuts trimmed to different external fat levels from choice, select, and standard beef grade carcasses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

were broiled on Far berware Open Hearth broilers to an internal temperature of 60 C (rare) . The fourth and fifth 0 0 steaks were cooked to an internal temperature of 70 C (medium), and the sixth and seventh steaks wer e cooked to an internal... + 2. 0 2. 7 2. 7 2. 1 2. 9 2. 2 2. 1 1. 6 2. 6 aUSDA (1987). Top lorn steaks (Bmiled) Select Raw 0 fat uim Well Tenderloin roasts (Roasted) Select Raw Rare 0 fat trim Medium . 64 cm fat trim Top round steaks (Braised) Select...

Sullivan, Dana Renee

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

168

The influence of different electricity-to-emissions conversion factors on the choice of insulation materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The current practice of building energy upgrade typically uses thick layers of insulation in order to comply with the energy codes. Similarly, the Norwegian national energy codes for residential buildings are moving towards very low U-values for the building envelope. New and more advanced materials, such as vacuum insulation panels (VIPs) and aerogel, have been presented as alternative solutions to commonly used insulation materials. Both aerogel and \\{VIPs\\} offer very high thermal resistance, which is a favourable characteristic in energy upgrading as the same insulation level can be achieved with thinner insulation layers. This paper presents the results of energy use and lifecycle emissions calculations for three different insulation materials (mineral wool, aerogel, and vacuum insulation panels) used to achieve three different insulation levels (0.18 W/m2 K, 0.15 W/m2 K, and 0.10 W/m2 K) in the energy retrofitting of an apartment building with heat pump in Oslo, Norway. As advanced insulation materials (such as VIP and aerogel) have reported higher embodied emissions per unit of mass than those of mineral wool, a comparison of performances had to be based on equivalent wall U-values rather than same insulation thicknesses. Three different electricity-to-emissions conversion factors (European average value, a model developed at the Research Centre on Zero Emission Buildings – ZEB, and the Norwegian inland production of electricity) are used to evaluate the influence of the lifecycle embodied emissions of each insulation alternative. If the goal is greenhouse gas abatement, the appraisal of buildings based solely on their energy use does not provide a comprehensive picture of the performance of different retrofitting solutions. Results show that the use of the conversion factor for Norwegian inland production of electricity has a strong influence on the choice of which of the three insulation alternatives gives the lowest lifecycle emissions.

Nicola Lolli; Anne Grete Hestnes

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Cost-Effective Choices of Marine Fuels in a Carbon-Constrained World: Results from a Global Energy Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cost-Effective Choices of Marine Fuels in a Carbon-Constrained World: Results from a Global Energy Model ... † Department

Maria Taljegard; Selma Brynolf; Maria Grahn; Karin Andersson; Hannes Johnson

2014-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

170

Hysteresis and urban rail : the effects of past urban rail on current residential and travel choices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cities are endowed with and accumulate assets based on their unique histories, which in turn define the choice set of the present. These assets range from the natural-sheltered ports, fertile land--to the constructed--concrete ...

Block-Schachter, David

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Fact #764: January 28, 2013 Model Year 2013 Brings More Fuel Efficient Choices for Consumers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Over the last six years, manufacturers have made more fuel efficient choices available to consumers in several size classes. For a consumer purchasing a new large car in 2008, the highest combined...

172

Source choice in agricultural news coverage: impacts of reporter specialization and newspaper location, ownership, and circulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study examined coverage of the December 2003 bovine spongiform encephalopathy event to discover reporters’ sources for breaking agricultural news, the impact of reporter specialization on source choices, and the impact of newspaper differences...

White, Judith McIntosh

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

173

Impact of modern logistics on industrial location choice and property markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The debate on the impact of modern logistics on industrial location choice and property markets focuses on (1) whether modern inventory control and supply- chain configuration consolidate manufacturing and distribution ...

Li, Yu, 1976-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Paying Too Much for Energy? The True Costs of Our Energy Choices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy consumption is critical to economic growth and quality of life. America's energy system, however, is malfunctioning. The status quo is characterized by a tilted playing field, where energy choices are based on the ...

Looney, Adam

175

Impulsive-choice patterns for food in genetically lean and obese Zucker rats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Behavioral-economic studies have shown that differences between lean and obese Zuckers in food consumption depend on the response requirement for food. Since a response requirement inherently increases the delay to reinforcement, differences in sensitivity to delay may also be a relevant mechanism of food consumption in the obese Zucker rat. Furthermore, the endocannabinoid neurotransmitter system has been implicated in impulsivity, but studies that attempt to characterize the effects of cannabinoid drugs (e.g., rimonabant) on impulsive choice may be limited by floor effects. The present study aimed to characterize impulsive-choice patterns for sucrose using an adjusting-delay procedure in genetically lean and obese Zuckers. Ten lean and ten obese Zucker rats chose between one lever that resulted in one pellet after a standard delay (either 1 s or 5 s) and a second lever that resulted in two or three pellets after an adjusting delay. After behavior stabilized under baseline, rimonabant (0–10 mg/kg) was administered prior to some choice sessions in the two-pellet condition. Under baseline, obese Zuckers made more impulsive choices than leans in three of the four standard-delay/pellet conditions. Additionally, in the 2-pellet condition, rimonabant increased impulsive choice in lean rats in the 1-s standard-delay condition; however, rimonabant decreased impulsive choice in obese rats in the 1-s and 5-s standard-delay conditions. These data suggest that genetic factors that influence impulsive choice are stronger in some choice conditions than others, and that the endocannabinoid system may be a relevant neuromechanism.

Steven R. Boomhower; Erin B. Rasmussen; Tiffany S. Doherty

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Validation and applications of a GC-ECD method for the determination of polychlorinated biphenyls in fish and seafood  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This work illustrates how a well-optimized gas chromatograph-electron capture detector method represents an economical and satisfactory analytical choice for the routine determination of polychlorinated biphenyls...

Maurizio Cossu; Giuseppe Ledda…

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Choice of Oxygen-Conserving Treatment Regimen Determines the Inflammatory Response and Outcome of Photodynamic Therapy of Tumors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...laser (375; Spectra-Physics, Mountain View, CA...171 or 2080; Spectra-Physics). The dye laser, using...the effects of fluence rate on 3O2 distribution throughout...Fraker D, Norton J, Pass HI. Effect of photodynamic...The effect of fluence rate on tumor and normal tissue...

Barbara W. Henderson; Sandra O. Gollnick; John W. Snyder; Theresa M. Busch; Philaretos C. Kousis; Richard T. Cheney; and Janet Morgan

2004-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

178

19 HASTINGS WEST NORTHWEST J. ENVTL. L. & POL'Y 463 (2013) COMBATING SEA-LEVEL RISE IN SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

19 HASTINGS WEST NORTHWEST J. ENVTL. L. & POL'Y 463 (2013) 1 COMBATING SEA-LEVEL RISE IN SOUTHERN governments will make choices that will shape the region's resilience to sea-level rise. To implement of adaptation actions and sea-level rise itself. This article identifies how local governments can harness legal

Rohs, Remo

179

Consumer Choice of E85: Lessons from Minnesota's Experience  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Light Duty Vehicle Markets & E85: Theory, Econometrics & Modeling Changzheng Liu David L. Greene Oak Ridge National Laboratory Biofuels in AEO 2013 Workshop March 20, 2013 Energy Information Administration Washington, DC The Renewable Fuels Standard 2 calls for 36 billion gallons of renewable fuel use by 2022. What role can E85 play? 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 2020 2022 Billions of Gallons EPA Renewable Fuels Volume Requirements Total Renewable Fuel Advanced Biofuel Cellulosic biofuel Increasing ethanol use to 36 billion gallons is a key objective of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007. How important will availability of E85 be to achieving that goal? S Low level ethanol blends may "max out" and E85 may have

180

A comprehensive socio-psychological approach to car type choice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Data from a web survey, which was conducted in 2012 among 1421 owners of a new internal combustion engine car and 372 new battery electric car owners in Norway, were used to test an adapted version of the comprehensive action determination model to explain private consumers’ purchase of fuel-efficient cars. It was first examined whether the average fuel efficiency differs among internal combustion engine car classes. Consequently, with battery electric cars being regarded as the most fuel-efficient group, five car groups ordered by fuel efficiency were retained. The results of subsequent structural equation modelling show that intention to buy a fuel-efficient car, brand loyalty, number of cars and driver’s license holders in the household, household size, and household income had significant direct effects on choosing a more fuel-efficient car. Normative processes had a mediated impact on behaviour. Implications for design and implementation of interventions are discussed.

Alim Nayum; Christian A. Klöckner

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

CX-007739: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-007739: Categorical Exclusion Determination University of Colorado - Boulder - Wafer-Level Sub-Module Integrated DCDC Converter CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6...

182

An Embedded System for Determining Free Glycerol Level in Biodiesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Industrial products require strict quality controls and many times these are related to the chemical composition. Traditional reference methods for doing these are expensive and require sophisticated equipment. Flow-Batch (FB) and Flow Injection Analysis ... Keywords: Embedded Systems, Biodiesel, Glycerol, Quality Control, Automation

Gabriel M. Eggly, Paulo H. G. D. Diniz, Rodrigo Santos, Marcelo F. Pistonesi, Mário C. U. Aráujo, Beatriz Fernández Band

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Determining Levels of Productivity and Efficiency in the Electricity Industry  

SciTech Connect

A few major themes run fairly consistently through the history of productivity and efficiency analysis of the electricity industry: environmental controls, economies of scale, and private versus government.

Abbott, Malcolm

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

China's energy intensity and its determinants at the provincial level  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy intensity is defined as the amount of energy consumed per dollar of GDP (Gross Domestic Product). The People's Republic of China's (China's) energy intensity has been declining significantly since the late 1970s. ...

Zhang, Xin, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Estimating the benefits of recreation-oriented management in state-owned commercial forests in Finland: A choice experiment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract As forestlands provide a variety of environmental services, the management of forest resources is a matter of public concern. In the present case of state-owned commercial forests in Finland, legislation requires specific management practices to enhance recreational benefits free of charge to the public. This choice experiment considers Finnish people's valuation of the recreation-oriented management of state-owned commercial forests to evaluate whether the recreational benefits produced justify the related loss of profits from timber sales. We focus on three management attributes: scenic buffer zones along lakes and rivers, habitats for game birds, and the quality of scenery as reflected by the frequency of clear-cut areas along hiking trails. Marginal willingness-to-pay (WTP) effects for the attributes are estimated with random parameters logit models specified in the WTP space, while preference-space models are used to estimate in physical terms the attribute levels that maximize the benefits to the public. Despite regional differences in preferences, people in all parts of Finland valued the current recreation-oriented management of state-owned commercial forests considerably. Nationwide, the aggregate benefits of recreation-enhancing management clearly exceeded the estimated opportunity costs. The most preferred levels of management attributes were slightly above the current levels, suggesting an increase in the provision of recreational services when not considering the associated costs.

Artti Juutinen; Anna-Kaisa Kosenius; Ville Ovaskainen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Jackson EMC - Right Choice Sun Power Rebate Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Jackson EMC - Right Choice Sun Power Rebate Program Jackson EMC - Right Choice Sun Power Rebate Program Jackson EMC - Right Choice Sun Power Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Heating & Cooling Water Heating Maximum Rebate PV: $4,500 for PV Solar Water Heaters: $525 Program Info State Georgia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount PV: $450 per kW DC installed for PV Solar Water Heaters: $525 per installation Provider Jackson Electric Membership Corporation Jackson Electric Membership Corporation (Jackson EMC), which serves over 185,000 residential customers, offers rebates to those customers who install photovoltaic (PV) systems or solar water-heating systems. In exchange for these incentives, Jackson EMC retains the rights to any

187

Modern Smart Grid Offers Consumers the Power of Choice | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Modern Smart Grid Offers Consumers the Power of Choice Modern Smart Grid Offers Consumers the Power of Choice Modern Smart Grid Offers Consumers the Power of Choice February 7, 2011 - 9:19am Addthis Erin R. Pierce Erin R. Pierce Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Home energy assessments are a practical, straightforward way to improve the overall efficiency of your home. Learning how to better manage home energy use can lead to significant cost savings. You may have enlisted the help of a professional auditor to perform the evaluation or relied on an annual, do-it-yourself review-but what if you could monitor your home's energy use on a monthly, weekly, or even daily basis? That's exactly what Smart Grid technology offers-providing both consumers and utilities with the information to better manage electricity use, in

188

Real-payment choice experiments: Valuing forested wetlands and spatial attributes within a landscape context  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider the choice experiment approach to valuation, due to its focus on tradeoffs between alternatives. Our study is not hypothetical, but implements a real-payment choice experiment (CE) for a multi-attribute good. We use two real wetland parcels to create over 18 descriptions of parcels for conservation under a 10-year development-rights contract. Our payment protocol mitigates incentives to understate willingness to pay through a provision point with a rebate of excess funds. Real choice questions captured significant values for spatial attributes of wetland conservation. Average respondents positively valued 73-acre parcels surrounded by woodland, but required 100 acres for parcels surrounded by residential or farm land, and accepted a 19-acre smaller parcel in exchange for full public access.

Laurie W. Newell; Stephen K. Swallow

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Categorical Exclusion Determination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

n rgy n rgy Categorical Exclusion Determination Form Proposed Action Title: (0474-1555) University of Colorado - Boulder - Wafer-Level Sub-Module Integrated DCfDC Converter Program or Field Office: Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy LocationCs) CCity/County/State): Colorado, Maine, Virginia Proposed Action Description: Funding will support development of a planar, wafer-level sub-module integrated converter (SubMIC) device that can be integrated into various types of photovoltaic (PV) modules to enable low-cost maximum power point tracking at high power processing efficiencies. Proposed work consists of indoor laboratory-based research and development (R&D), microfabrication activities, and analytical research, including: (1) simulated modeling and design of SubMIC components and integrated units, (2) development, fabrication, testing, and optimization

190

On Nuclear Energy Levels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article On Nuclear Energy Levels K. M. Guggenheimer The formula for the energy levels of the rigid rotator...nuclei. Two kinds of nuclear rotation are discussed...an A relation for the energy levels of different nuclei...

1942-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

NEWTON: Determining Material Degradation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Determining Material Degradation Determining Material Degradation Name: Hamish Status: student Grade: 6-8 Location: CA Country: USA Date: Summer 2013 Question: I am working on a science project about photo-degradation of plastic film. My question is how much degraded a plastic film should be to say that it was 100% photo-degraded? The plastic film I am photo-degrading is turning into dust when I touch it, what level of degradation is that? Replies: Hi Hamish, Thanks for the question. You will need to define what you mean by photo-degraded. 100% photo-degraded could be that the film becomes translucent and lets through only blurry images. Or it could mean that the film turns to dust when you touch it. As long as you clearly state in your science project what you mean by 100% photo-degraded, you will be doing a good job.

192

Gender determination in populus  

SciTech Connect

Gender, the expression of maleness or femaleness, in dioecious plants has been associated with changes in morphology, physiology, ecological position, and commercial importance of several species, including members of the Salicaceae family. Various mechanisms have been proposed to explain the expression of gender in Salicaceae, including sex chromosomes, simple Mendelian genes, quantitative genes, environment, and genotype-by-environment interactions. Published reports would favor a genetic basis for gender. The objective of this study was to identify molecular markers associated with gender in a segregating family of hybrid poplars. Bulked segregant analysis and chi-squared analysis were used to test for the occurrence of sex chromosomes, individual loci, and chromosome ratios (i.e., ploidy levels) as the mechanisms for gender determination. Examination of 2488 PCR based RAPD markers from 1219 primers revealed nine polymorphic bands between male and female bulked samples. However, linkage analysis indicated that none of these markers were significantly associated with gender. Chisquared results for difference in male-to-female ratios between diploid and triploid genotypes also revealed no significant differences. These findings suggest gender is not controlled via sex chromosomes, simple Mendelian loci or ratios of autosome to gender-determining loci. It is possible that gender is determined genetically by regions of the genome not sampled by the tested markers or by a complex of loci operating in an additive threshold manner or in an epistatic manner. It is also possible that gender is determined environmentally at an early zygote stage, canalizing gender expression.

McLetchie, D.N. [Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States). Dept. of Biological Sciences; Tuskan, G.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

193

External uncertainty and entry mode choice: Cultural distance, political risk and language diversity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper aims at analyzing the effect of external uncertainty on the entry mode choice when investing abroad. We consider the effect of uncertainty coming from the formal host country's environment (political risk) and from the informal one (cultural distance). The potential existence of an interaction effect between both of them is also analyzed. In particular, we analyze how language diversity between the home and host countries may condition the influence of this interaction effect on the entry mode choice. In order to empirically test our predictions, a database of foreign direct investments made by Spanish firms is used.

Cristina López-Duarte; Marta M. Vidal-Suárez

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Comparative Sequencing of Plant Genomes: Choices to Make The first sequenced genome of a plant,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COMMENTARY Comparative Sequencing of Plant Genomes: Choices to Make The first sequenced genome of a plant, Arabidopsis thaliana, was published ,6 years ago (Arabidopsis Genome Initiative, 2000). Since that time, the complete rice genome (Oryza sativa; Goff et al., 2002; Yu et al., 2002; International Rice

Purugganan, Michael D.

195

A Micro-foundations Model of Dollarization with Network Externalities and Portfolio Choice: The  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Micro-foundations Model of Dollarization with Network Externalities and Portfolio Choice 1: In°ation and Dollarization: Bolivia A Micro-foundations Model of Dollarization with Network of hysteresis claim that there are network externalities in transactions. They imply that agents may continue

196

The Impact of Traffic Images on Mode Choice in Stated-Preference Surveys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that they are marginal. However, they noted that there is little evidence of response fatigue over as many as 32 choice experiments 16 (Stopher and Hensher 2000, Hensher 2006, Hess et al. 2012). Despite this conclusion, this research is designed to be short...

Harline, Carl Eric

2013-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

197

Evaluation of Design Choices for Gang Scheduling using Distributed Hierarchical Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Evaluation of Design Choices for Gang Scheduling using Distributed Hierarchical Control Dror G to control the adverse e ect of badly-matched gangs. Consequently the on-line mapping and scheduling, Israel Abstract Gang scheduling | the scheduling of a number of related threads to execute simultaneously

Feitelson, Dror

198

Retail Location Choice with Complementary Goods: An Agent-Based Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Retail Location Choice with Complementary Goods: An Agent-Based Model Arthur Huang and David 55455 {huang284,dlevinson}@umn.edu Abstract. This paper models the emergence of retail clusters on a supply chain network comprised of suppliers, retailers, and consumers. Firstly, an agent-based model

Levinson, David M.

199

Character displacement and the evolution of mate choice: an artificial neural network approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Character displacement and the evolution of mate choice: an artificial neural network approach preferences for aspects of conspecific male signals. We used artificial neural network models to simulate varied in their preferences for aspects of conspecific male signals. When we tested networks

Ryan, Michael J.

200

Editor's Choice Series on Agricultural Ethics Who Owns Biodiversity, and How Should the Owners  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Editor's Choice Series on Agricultural Ethics Who Owns Biodiversity, and How Should the Owners 95616�8515 At the World Summit on Sustainable Development, held in Johannesburg in 2002, the Secretary a sustainable future for humanity. These five areas were water and sanitation, energy, health, agricultural

Gepts, Paul

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

DOES HOSPITAL COMPETITION SAVE LIVES? EVIDENCE FROM THE ENGLISH NHS PATIENT CHOICE REFORMS*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DOES HOSPITAL COMPETITION SAVE LIVES? EVIDENCE FROM THE ENGLISH NHS PATIENT CHOICE REFORMS* Zack Cooper, Stephen Gibbons, Simon Jones and Alistair McGuire Recent substantive reforms to the English with fixed prices. This study investigates whether these reforms led to improvements in hospital quality. We

Mateo, Jill M.

202

Linear Lattice Boltzmann Schemes for Acoustic: parameters choices and isotropy properties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Linear Lattice Boltzmann Schemes for Acoustic: parameters choices and isotropy properties Adeline lattice Boltzmann schemes according to the definition of the isotropic order given in [3]. This property} for D2Q13). We then propose numerical illustrations for the D2Q9 scheme. Introduction Lattice Boltzmann

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

203

Video Streaming Application for the ChoiceNet Infrastructure William Sullivan, Cameron Foss  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Video Streaming Application for the ChoiceNet Infrastructure William Sullivan, Cameron Foss College might look like once fully implemented. Our task is to design and implement a video streaming qualities of video can be associated with different monetary values. To prove that the user's experiences

Mountziaris, T. J.

204

Modeling the choice to switch from fuelwood to electricity Implications for giant panda habitat conservation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

was explained by demographic and electricity factors (price, voltage, and outage frequency). In addition, lowering electricity prices and increasing electricity quality would encourage local residents to switchANALYSIS Modeling the choice to switch from fuelwood to electricity Implications for giant panda

An, Li

205

Forest Management Regime and Species choice options in a changing environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Forest Management Regime and Species choice ­ options in a changing environment Bill Mason, Forest.mason@forestry.gsi.gov.uk May 18 2010 #12;2 Talk Structure 1. Introduction; 2. Species 3. Forest types; 4. Management regime; 5 in 2050. #12;10 Alternative species? [Read report Table 9.1] Broadleaf species Conifer species Acer

206

Towards Optimal Coverage of 2-Dimensional Surfaces Embedded in : Choice of Start Curve  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

@cmu.edu arizzi@ri.cmu.edu Abstract-- For automated spray painting robots, the choice of a start curve from which the non-uniformity of paint deposition and cycle time for the entire coverage path. I. INTRODUCTION The automobile market demands a uniform deposition of paint on car body surfaces (uniformity optimization

Choset, Howie

207

A SOCIAL CHOICE APPROACH TO PRIMARY RESOURCE MANAGEMENT: THE RUBBER TREE CASE IN AFRICA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

who have had a relatively stable situation over the last decade. Natural rubber production is nowadaysA SOCIAL CHOICE APPROACH TO PRIMARY RESOURCE MANAGEMENT: THE RUBBER TREE CASE IN AFRICA MOUSSA approach to a decision making problem related to the management of a primary resource, namely the rubber

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

208

Writing and Monitoring in International Standardization, Theoretical Choices and Methodological Tools  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Writing and Monitoring in International Standardization, Theoretical Choices and Methodological are materialized in standards. The main purpose is to design both a methodology and specific text mining tools to investigate these standards. These tools will be implemented in a platform designed to provide cartographic

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

209

HOME ENERGY PREFERENCES & POLICY: APPLYING STATED CHOICE MODELING TO A HYBRID  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for home renovations and heating systems. Using stated preference data from over 600 completed surveys, I or benefits for heating system and renovation choices in the residential sector. Overall, respondents prefer furnaces, 6% for electric baseboards, 28% for heat pumps and 10% for mid efficiency oil furnaces

210

Reference value choice of the wind turbine active power with doubly-fed induction generator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The variable speed wind turbine with doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) is today widely used concept. This paper presents a control system of the DFIG wind turbine with focus on the control strategies and on active power reference value choice. The ... Keywords: DFIG, dynamic simulation, reference value of active power, wind turbine

J. Smajo; M. Smajo; D. Vukadinovic

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

SOCIAL NORMS, RATIONAL CHOICE AND BELIEF CHANGE HORACIO ARL O-COSTA AND ARTHUR PAUL PEDERSEN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

external social norms play in choice. Amartya Sen has argued in [Sen93] that the traditional [Ric66, Ric71], Paul Samuelson [Sam38, Sam47], and Amartya Sen [Sen70, Sen71] has occupied a central of social norms. Sen's more recent work [Sen96, Sen97] proposes how one might represent social norms

Spirtes, Peter

212

An M.D. or Ph.D.? Good. Now, what are your choices?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 An M.D. or Ph.D.? Good. Now, what are your choices? Martha A. Reitman, MD Stanford University-American Studies President & CEO Reitman Corporation HARVARD-BWH Trial #12;3 Products on Market · Aleve · Femstat · Palenosetron · Taxus stent · Nicardipine · Ticlopidine (predecessor to Plavix) #12;4 Products in Development

Puglisi, Joseph

213

The Continuous Cross-Nested Logit Model: Formulation and Application for Departure Time Choice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Continuous Cross-Nested Logit Model: Formulation and Application for Departure Time Choice modeling, departure time modeling, continuous logit, continuous cross- nested logit, Bayesian estimation usage). In this paper, the continuous cross-nested logit (CCNL) model is introduced. The CCNL model

Kockelman, Kara M.

214

Nuclear choices  

SciTech Connect

This book contains part of the series New Liberal Arts, which is intended to make science and technology more accessible to students of the liberal arts. Volume in hand provides a comprehensive, multifaceted examination of nuclear energy, in nontechnical terms. Wolfson explains the basics of nuclear energy and radiation, nuclear power..., and nuclear weapons..., and he invites readers to make their own judgments on controversial nuclear issues. Illustrated with photos and diagrams. Each chapter contains suggestions for additional reading and a glossary. For policy, science, and general collections in all libraries. (ES) Topics contained include Atoms and nuclei. Effects and uses of radiation. Energy and People. Reactor safety. Nuclear strategy. Defense in the nuclear age. Nuclear power, nuclear weapons, and nuclear futures.

Wolfson, R.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Shoal and prey patch choice by co-occurring fishes and prawns: inter-taxa use of socially transmitted cues  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...2008 research-article Shoal and prey patch choice by co-occurring fishes and prawns...themselves, and even selecting foraging patches located close to them. Prawns were seen...cues should indirectly influence prey patch choice. Specifically, we predicted that...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Levelized Electricity Costs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The concept of levelized energy costs responds to the necessity of disclosing the ... in order to recover the total life cycle cost of energy production. This chapter charts the effectiveness of levelized cost fo...

Nuno Luis Madureira

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

The Enterprise Level Roadmap  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Enterprise Level Roadmap is part of a Transition-To-Lean Guide, a three volume set of materials designed to help a user navigate through the Roadmap at increasingly deeper levels of detail.

Lean Advancement Initiative

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Spatial effects of carbon dioxide emissions from residential energy consumption: A county-level study using enhanced nocturnal lighting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract As the world’s largest developing country and greenhouse gas emitter, China’s residential energy consumption (REC) is now responsible for over 11% of the country’s total energy consumption. In this paper, we present a novel method that utilizes spatially distributed information from the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program’s Operational Linescan System (DMSP–OLS) and human activity index (HAI) to test the hypothesis that counties with similar carbon dioxide emissions from REC are more spatially clustered than would be expected by chance. Our results revealed a high degree of county-level clustering in the distribution of emissions per capita. However, further analysis showed that high-emission counties tended to be surrounded by counties with relatively low per capita GDP levels. Therefore, our results contrasted with other evidence that REC emissions were closely related to GDP levels. Accordingly, we stress the need for the consideration of other factors in determining emission patterns, such as residential consumption patterns (e.g., consumer choices, behavior, knowledge, and information diffusion).

Heli Lu; Guifang Liu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Evaluation of cancer mortality in a cohort of workers exposed to low-level radiation  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this dissertation was to re-analyze existing data to explore methodologic approaches that may determine whether excess cancer mortality in the ORNL cohort can be explained by time-related factors not previously considered; grouping of cancer outcomes; selection bias due to choice of method selected to incorporate an empirical induction period; or the type of statistical model chosen.

Lea, C.S.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Liquid level detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A liquid level detector for low pressure boilers. A boiler tank, from which apor, such as steam, normally exits via a main vent, is provided with a vertical side tube connected to the tank at the desired low liquid level. When the liquid level falls to the level of the side tube vapor escapes therethrough causing heating of a temperature sensitive device located in the side tube, which, for example, may activate a liquid supply means for adding liquid to the boiler tank. High liquid level in the boiler tank blocks entry of vapor into the side tube, allowing the temperature sensitive device to cool, for example, to ambient temperature.

Grasso, Albert P. (Vernon, CT)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Liquid level detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A liquid level detector for low pressure boilers. A boiler tank, from which vapor, such as steam, normally exits via a main vent, is provided with a vertical side tube connected to the tank at the desired low liquid level. When the liquid level falls to the level of the side tube vapor escapes therethrough causing heating of a temperature sensitive device located in the side tube, which, for example, may activate a liquid supply means for adding liquid to the boiler tank. High liquid level in the boiler tank blocks entry of vapor into the side tube, allowing the temperature sensitive device to cool, for example, to ambient temperature.

Grasso, A.P.

1984-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

222

Categorical Exclusion Determination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1537) Utah State University - 1537) Utah State University - Robust Cell-Level Modeling and Control of Large Battery Packs Program or Field Office: Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy LocationCs) CCity/County/State): Logan, UT; Colorado Springs, CO; Boulder, CO; Golden, CO; Dearborn, MI Proposed Action Description: Funding will support efforts to develop a novel battery pack architecture supported by algorithms to drive analysis, feedback, and operability. Proposed work will consist of: (1) performing a requirements analysis to determine optimal theoretical design for the battery pack; (2) design and theoretical optimization of the necessary algorithms to control and monitor the cells in the pack; (3) creation , testing, and analysis of a proof-of- concept unit; and (4) application of the algorithmic controls to a commercial battery pack to analyze performance.

223

Ultratrace determination of curium  

SciTech Connect

Development of a method for detection of curium at near single atom levels is being undertaken as a part of the Advanced Concepts Project at Argonne National Laboratory with funding from the US Department of Energy, Office of Arms Control and Nonproliferation. Ultratrace determination of curium, with the ability to quantify the fraction that is curium-242, provides a signature method of detecting clandestine reprocessing of recently irradiated uranium targets. Curium initially present in any of a variety of materials such as air filters, solid or liquid process waste, soil, flora, or fauna can be recovered via current chemical separations processing techniques. Using the ultratrace method being developed, such recovered curium will be quantified with thousand-fold higher sensitivity than the best currently available method which is alpha counting. This high sensitivity arises because, on average, a given trivalent curium (Cm{sup 3+}) ion can emit a very large number of fluorescence photons before alpha decay occurs.

Beitz, J.V.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Categorical Exclusion Determination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

y y Categorical Exclusion Determination Form Proposed Action Title: (0471-1595) Regents of the University of Minnesota - Thermal Fuel: Solar Fuels via Partial Redox Cycles with Heat Recovery Program or Field Office: Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy LocationCs) CCity/County/State): Minnesota, California, and Colorado. Proposed Action Description: Funding will support development of a dual zone solar thermochemical reactor to produce fuel using ceria-based reactive materials in partial redox cycles and high heat recovery levels through counter-circulation of solid state components. Proposed work consists of indoor laboratory-based research and development, including: (1) designing, fabricating, and characterizing an optimized ceria-based reactive element for use in the reactor to enable maximum fuel productivity and durability; (2) designing and fabricating a

225

Commercial Viability of Strategic Choice on Green Energy Business: Hydro Power versus Wind Power (Latvian case)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Development of green energy, especially such types as hydropower and wind power, presents great opportunities for companies’ growth. The aim of the paper is to investigate commercial viability of green energy business to make an investment choice for Latvian privately owned small sized hydropower producer and seller LLC “Green Energy Solutions” (“GES”). Firstly the paper investigated theoretical and practical application of such concept of commercial viability of a strategy as a SFA: suitability, feasibility and acceptability. Then the latest trends of Green Energy Business in EU and in Latvia have been explored and strategic suitability has been defined. Secondly, to confirm or disprove investments in a hydropower station or wind turbine, Equivalent annual annuities of each alternative investment project have been calculated and financial feasibility has been discussed. Finally, recommendations for stakeholders regarding further growth of company “GES” and acceptability of given strategic choice have been reviewed in detail.

Andrejs ?irjevskis; Jekaterina Novikova

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

An Alternate Career Choice for the Geography Major: Map, GIS, Geographic Information Librarianship  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SWAAG 2007 An Alternate Career Choice for the Geography Major: Map, GIS, Geographic Information Librarianship Katherine H. Weimer Texas A&M University Libraries k-weimer@tamu.edu Map and GIS Projects in Texas Libraries Portal to Texas...} Global Planner World-wide GIS data set available to view, select and display using ArcIMS. http://library.tamu.edu ( Collections ( General Collections ( Maps ( Tobin Global Planner University of Texas at Arlington, Geographic Information Systems http://library.uta.edu/gis...

Weimer, Katherine

2007-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

227

Energy optimization in ice hockey halls I. The system COP as a multivariable function, brine and design choices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work is the first of a series of articles addressing the energy optimization in ice hockey halls. Here we outline an analytic method to predict in which design and operating conditions the COP of the entire cooling system (refrigerator and cooling tower) ${\\rm COP}_{sys}$ is maximum. ${\\rm COP}_{sys}$ is investigated as a function of several variables, like electric consumption and brine physical properties. With this method, the best configuration and brine choices for the system can therefore be determined in advance. We estimate the optimal design of an average-sized ice rink, including pipe diameter, depth and brine type (ethylene glycol and ammonia). We also single out an optimal brine density and show the impact of the electric consumption of the pump on ${\\rm COP}_{sys}$. Our theoretical predictions are validated with heat flow measurement data obtained at an ice hockey hall in Finland. They are also confronted with technical and cost-related constraints, and implemented by simulations with the pr...

Ferrantelli, Andrea; Räikkönen, Miska; Viljanen, Martti

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Level crossing investigation of the hyperfine splitting in thez 6 P 7/2-level of EuI  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

By means of a level crossing experiment the hyperfine structure constants of thez 6 P 7/2-level of Eu have been determined. The results areA=-6.51(6) MHz andB= 131....

W. Lange

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

When less sells more or less: The scarcity principle in wine choice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract When buying wine, consumers often need to infer unobservable characteristics of the wines that are available. Product scarcity in the store can signal that the quality of a wine is high, either because the product is deemed exclusive (when scarcity is supply-caused) or because the product is deemed popular (when scarcity is demand-caused). This “scarcity principle” has been observed in various contexts, and thus seems universal, but it is not. This study aims to show when scarcity of a specific wine increases consumer choice for this wine, and when it does not. Specifically, two experiments show that scarcity has little or no effect when consumers are less involved with the product category wine, that uniqueness goals can increase the effect of supply-caused scarcity on product choice, and that these uniqueness goals do not counteract the effect of demand-caused scarcity on choice. Thus, even consumers with a uniqueness goal respond positively to demand-caused scarcity. Moreover, the study shows that scarcity is effectively communicated not only through a verbal sales pitch but also through merely the visual display of the amount of shelf space provided for products and the amount of emptied shelf space as a signal of prior purchases.

Erica van Herpen; Rik Pieters; Marcel Zeelenberg

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Tiltmeter leveling mechanism  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A tiltmeter device having a pair of orthogonally disposed tilt sensors that are levelable within an inner housing containing the sensors. An outer housing can be rotated to level at least one of the sensor pair while the inner housing can be rotated to level the other sensor of the pair. The sensors are typically rotated up to about plus or minus 100 degrees. The device is effective for measuring tilts in a wide range of angles of inclination of wells and can be employed to level a platform containing a third sensor.

Hunter, Steven L. (Livermore, CA); Boro, Carl O. (Milpitas, CA); Farris, Alvis (late of Byron, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

" Level: National Data;" " ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7 Number of Establishments with Capability to Switch Electricity to Alternative Energy Sources, 2010; " " Level: National Data;" " Row: NAICS Codes;" " Column: Energy Sources;" "...

232

" Level: National Data;" " ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Number of Establishments with Capability to Switch Natural Gas to Alternative Energy Sources, 2002;" " Level: National Data;" " Row: NAICS Codes;" " Column: Energy Sources;" "...

233

" Level: National Data;" " ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Number of Establishments with Capability to Switch Natural Gas to Alternative Energy Sources, 2010;" " Level: National Data;" " Row: NAICS Codes;" " Column: Energy Sources;" "...

234

" Level: National Data;" " ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7 Number of Establishments with Capability to Switch Electricity to Alternative Energy Sources, 2002; " " Level: National Data;" " Row: NAICS Codes;" " Column: Energy Sources;" "...

235

" Level: National Data;" " ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Number of Establishments with Capability to Switch LPG to Alternative Energy Sources, 2010;" " Level: National Data;" " Row: NAICS Codes;" " Column: Energy Sources;" " Unit:...

236

" Level: National Data;" " ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0.5 Number of Establishments with Capability to Switch Residual Fuel Oil to Alternative Energy Sources, 2010;" " Level: National Data;" " Row: NAICS Codes;" " Column: Energy...

237

" Level: National Data;" " ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 Number of Establishments with Capability to Switch Coal to Alternative Energy Sources, 2010;" " Level: National Data;" " Row: NAICS Codes;" " Column: Energy Sources;" " Unit:...

238

" Level: National Data;" " ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9 Number of Establishments with Capability to Switch Distillate Fuel Oil to Alternative Energy Sources, 2010;" " Level: National Data;" " Row: NAICS Codes;" " Column: Energy...

239

Precision liquid level sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A precision liquid level sensor utilizes a balanced R. F. bridge, each arm including an air dielectric line. Changes in liquid level along one air dielectric line imbalance the bridge and create a voltage which is directly measurable across the bridge.

Field, Michael E. (Albuquerque, NM); Sullivan, William H. (Albuquerque, NM)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Level set simulations of turbulent thermonuclear deflagration in degenerate carbon and oxygen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the dynamics of thermonuclear flames propagating in fuel stirred by stochastic forcing. The fuel consists of carbon and oxygen in a state which is encountered in white dwarfs close to the Chandrasekhar limit. The level set method is applied to represent the flame fronts numerically. The computational domain for the numerical simulations is cubic, and periodic boundary conditions are imposed. The goal is the development of a suitable flame speed model for the small-scale dynamics of turbulent deflagration in thermonuclear supernovae. Because the burning process in a supernova explosion is transient and spatially inhomogeneous, the localised determination of subgrid scale closure parameters is essential. We formulate a semi-localised model based on the dynamical equation for the subgrid scale turbulence energy $k_{\\mathrm{sgs}}$. The turbulent flame speed $s_{\\mathrm{t}}$ is of the order $\\sqrt{2k_{\\mathrm{sgs}}}$. In particular, the subgrid scale model features a dynamic procedure for the calculation of the turbulent energy transfer from resolved toward subgrid scales, which has been successfully applied to combustion problems in engineering. The options of either including or suppressing inverse energy transfer in the turbulence production term are compared. In combination with the piece-wise parabolic method for the hydrodynamics, our results favour the latter option. Moreover, different choices for the constant of proportionality in the asymptotic flame speed relation, $s_{\\mathrm{t}}\\propto\\sqrt{2k_{\\mathrm{sgs}}}$, are investigated.

W. Schmidt; W. Hillebrandt; J. C. Niemeyer

2005-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Chu: America Faces a Choice to "Compete in the Clean Energy Race" or  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Chu: America Faces a Choice to "Compete in the Clean Energy Chu: America Faces a Choice to "Compete in the Clean Energy Race" or "Wave the White Flag" Chu: America Faces a Choice to "Compete in the Clean Energy Race" or "Wave the White Flag" November 3, 2011 - 10:36am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - In his speech to the Washington Post Live Smart Energy Conference today, Secretary of Energy Steven Chu highlighted the choice America faces on whether or not to take advantage of the huge economic opportunity and compete with countries like China in the clean energy race. Excerpts and full text of remarks are below: "Once again, there is a huge opportunity before us - a global clean energy market that is already worth an estimated $240 billion and is growing rapidly. In fact, a very reasonable estimate is that solar

242

To understand the cognitive processes involved with probability judgment, decision making, and choice, to explore the implications these processes for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and choice, to explore the implications these processes for understanding real-world decision makingObjective To understand the cognitive processes involved with probability judgment, decision making at understanding the cognitive processes underlying diagnostic hypothesis generation and human judgment

Dougherty, Michael

243

Taxes and the choice between risky and risk-free debt: on the neutrality of credit default taxation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Shareholders can decide if their corporation issues risky or risk-free debt. We identify tax systems in which the choice between risky ... and risk-free debt is not distorted by taxes. These credit default neutra...

Kay Blaufus; Jochen Hundsdoerfer

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

What determines cell size?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as: Marshall WF, et al. : What determines cell size? BMC7007/10/101 FORUM Open Access What determines cell size?biologists have been wondering what determines the size of

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Phenothiazine-Salt Mixture, Free Choice, for the Control of the Large Stomach Worm in Range Sheep.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Phenothiazine-Salt Mixture Free Choice, for the Control of the Large Stomach Worm in Range Sheep An 8-year Study Conducted Under the Naturak Range Conditions of the Edwards Plateau DIGEST An 8-year study conducted under practical range... conditions typical of the Edwards Plateau of Texas indicates that the large stomach worm of sheep can be controlled satisfactorily through the continued use of a 1-to-9 phenothiazine-salt mixture supplied free choice as a method of treatment. Two groups...

Boughton, I. B.; Hardy, W. T.; Price, D. A.

1953-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Who is afraid of political risk? Multinational firms and their choice of capital structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper investigates how multinational firms choose the capital structure of their foreign affiliates in response to political risk. We focus on two choice variables, the leverage and the ownership structure of the foreign affiliate, and we distinguish different types of political risk, such as expropriation, unreliable intellectual property rights and confiscatory taxation. In our theoretical analysis we find that, as political risk increases, the ownership share tends to decrease, whereas leverage can both increase or decrease, depending on the type of political risk. Using the Microdatabase Direct Investment of the Deutsche Bundesbank, we find supportive evidence for these different effects.

Iris Kesternich; Monika Schnitzer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Comparison of the "method of limits" and "alternate choice" methods in vibrometry testing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

higher for females and 0. 49 vibration units higher for males. Analysis of the data indicated a linear relationship exists between the alternate choice (AC) method and the method of limits (MoL) technique. A model describing this relationship... was developed for both the ulnar and the median nerve regions. For the ulnar nerve, the relationship is described by: MoL = 0. 811402 + 0. 689570(AC). For the median nerve, the relationship is described by: MoL = 0. 755629 + 0. 60876(AC). The effect of hand...

Hayes, Eloise Carlton

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

248

Improved freezing level retrieval  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TRMM Microwave Imager(TMI)-based passive microwave retrieval techniques result in biased estimates of the freezing level and rainfall over the east Pacific in the Inter Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ). Passive microwave rainfall estimates...

Hong, Sungwook

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

PHYSICAL REVIEW A 84, 063832 (2011) Few-photon transport in a waveguide coupled to a pair of colocated two-level atoms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of colocated two-level atoms Eden Rephaeli,1,* S¸ ¨ukr¨u Ekin Kocabas¸,2 and Shanhui Fan2, 1 Department-level atoms coupled to a waveguide. We show that by proper choice of a two-photon input, the background fluorescence by the atoms may be completely quenched, as a result of quantum interference, and that when

Fan, Shanhui

250

Interactions between fuel choice and energy-efficiency in new homes in the Pacific Northwest  

SciTech Connect

In recent years the Bonneville Power Administration has instituted programs to prompt the implementation of the residential Model Conservation Standards (MCS) issued by the Northwest Power Planning Council (Council) in 1983. These standards provide alternative methods for designing and constructing homes to cost effectively reduce residential energy consumption. Authority exists to apply them only to new, electrically heated homes. Because they apply to electrically heated homes, concerns have arisen about how the standards might affect buyers' decisions to purchase a new home, in particular, their choice of a heating fuel. Early data suggested that electricity started losing market share in Tacoma about when the MCS went into effect in 1984, and recent data have shown that about half of electricity's share of the new home market has shifted to natural gas. This decline in electric heating was consistent with concerns about the possible detrimental effect of the cost of MCS on sales of electrically heated homes. A desire to understand the causes of the perceived decline in electricity's market share was part of the impetus for this study. Multiple techniques and data sources are used in this study to examine the relationship between residential energy-efficiency and fuel choice in the major metropolitan areas in Washington: Spokane, Clark, Pierce, and King Counties. Recent regional surveys have shown that electricity is the predominant space heating fuel in the Pacific Northwest, but it appears to be losing its dominance in some markets such as Tacoma.

Lee, A.D.; Englin, J.E.; Bruneau, C.L.

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

High level nuclear waste  

SciTech Connect

The DOE Division of Waste Products through a lead office at Savannah River is developing a program to immobilize all US high-level nuclear waste for terminal disposal. DOE high-level wastes include those at the Hanford Plant, the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant, and the Savannah River Plant. Commercial high-level wastes, for which DOE is also developing immobilization technology, include those at the Nuclear Fuel Services Plant and any future commercial fuels reprocessing plants. The first immobilization plant is to be the Defense Waste Processing Facility at Savannah River, scheduled for 1983 project submission to Congress and 1989 operation. Waste forms are still being selected for this plant. Borosilicate glass is currently the reference form, but alternate candidates include concretes, calcines, other glasses, ceramics, and matrix forms.

Crandall, J L

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

ENRAF gauge reference level calculations  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the method for calculating reference levels for Enraf Series 854 Level Detectors as installed in the tank farms. The reference level calculation for each installed level gauge is contained herein.

Huber, J.H., Fluor Daniel Hanford

1997-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

253

Ultrasonic liquid level detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ultrasonic liquid level detector for use within a shielded container, the detector being tubular in shape with a chamber at its lower end into which liquid from in the container may enter and exit, the chamber having an ultrasonic transmitter and receiver in its top wall and a reflector plate or target as its bottom wall whereby when liquid fills the chamber a complete medium is then present through which an ultrasonic wave may be transmitted and reflected from the target thus signaling that the liquid is at chamber level.

Kotz, Dennis M. (North Augusta, SC); Hinz, William R. (Augusta, GA)

2010-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

254

Liquid-level detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Aliquid level sensor is described which has a pair of upright conductors spaced by an insulator defining a first high resistance path between the conductors. An electrically conductive path is interposed between the upright conductors at a discrete location at which liquid level is to be measured. It includes a liquid accessible gap of a dimension such that the electrical resistance across the conductor when the gap is filled with the liquid is detectably less than when the gap is emptied. The conductor might also be physically altered by temperature changes to serve also as an indicator of elevated temperature.

Not Available

1981-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

255

A REVIEW OF ASSUMPTIONS AND ANALYSIS IN EPRI EA-3409,"HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCE CHOICE: REVISION OF REEPS BEHAVIORAL MODELS"  

SciTech Connect

This paper revises and extends EPRI report EA-3409, ''Household Appliance Choice: Revision of REEPS Behavioral Models.'' That paper reported the results of an econometric study of major appliance choice in new residential construction. Errors appeared in two tables of that report. We offer revised versions of those tables, and a brief analysis of the consequences and significance of the errors. The present paper also proposes several possible extensions and re-specifications of the models examined by EPRI. Some of these are judged to be highly successful; they both satisfy economic intuition more completely than the original specification and produce a better quality fit to the dependent variable. We feel that inclusion of these modifications produces a more useful set of coefficients for economic modeling than the original specification. This paper focuses on EPRI's models of residential space heating technology choice. That choice was modeled as a nested logit structure, with consumers choosing whether to have central air conditioning or not, and, given that choice, what kind of space heating system to have. The model included five space heating alternatives with central cooling (gas, oil, and electric forced-air; heat pumps; and electric baseboard) and eight alternatives without it (gas, oil, and electric forced-air; gas and oil boilers and non-central systems; and electric baseboard heat). The structure of the nested logit model is shown in Figure 1.

Wood, D.J.; Ruderman, H.; McMahon, J. E.

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Energy Levels of Lu174  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thirty-two levels in Lu174 have been observed up to an excitation energy of 1628 keV utilizing 12-MeV deuterons and the reaction Lu175(d, t)Lu174. The ground-state Q value was determined to be -1400±15 keV. The spectrum has been interpreted in terms of the coupling of the [404?] Nilsson proton orbital with the neutron orbitals prominent in the (d, t) spectrum of Yb173. This interpretation has resulted in the determination of relative energies due to the residual neutron-proton interaction for seven different configurations. The observed singlet-triplet splitting energies for the [512?], [521?], and [521?] neutron orbitals coupled to the [404?] proton orbital were measured to be -110, +80, and -90 keV, respectively. Theoretical calculations of these energies made for a zero-range spin-dependent central potential gave values of -106, +71, and -77 keV, respectively. The remarkable agreement indicates that the spin-spin interaction can account for most, if not all, of the singlet-triplet splitting energy.

H. D. Jones and R. K. Sheline

1970-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Identifying the roles of race-based choice and chance in high school friendship network formation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...whereas Blacks and Hispanics value friendships...with the median household income levels in the...for Blacks and Hispanics in large compared...sensitive to the median household income level in...whereas Blacks and Hispanics value friendships...with the median household income levels in...

Sergio Currarini; Matthew O. Jackson; Paolo Pin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Quantum cosmological solutions: their dependence on the choice of gauge conditions and physical interpretation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In "extended phase space" approach to quantum geometrodynamics numerical solutions to Schrodinger equation corresponding to various choice of gauge conditions are obtained for the simplest isotropic model. The "extended phase space" approach belongs to those appeared in the last decade in which, as a result of fixing a reference frame, the Wheeler - DeWitt static picture of the world is replaced by evolutionary quantum geometrodynamics. Some aspects of this approach were discussed at two previous PIRT meetings. We are interested in the part of the wave function depending on physical degrees of freedom. Three gauge conditions having a clear physical meaning are considered. They are the conformal time gauge, the gauge producing the appearance of Lambda-term in the Einstein equations, and the one covering the two previous cases as asymptotic limits. The interpretation and discussion of the obtained solutions is given.

T. P. Shestakova

2008-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

259

Modelling modal choice effects of regulation on low-sulphur marine fuels in Northern Europe  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The implementation of MARPOL Annex VI in the North and Baltic Sea Sulphur Emission Control Area (SECA) has raised economic concerns among shippers and shipowners, as well as spurred policymakers to appeal to various interests, such as citizen health, export industry competitiveness, and consumer prices. To justify their cases, policymakers and stakeholders have commissioned various agencies to monitor the implementation’s effects upon sustainability, especially regarding a potential modal shift from sea to road transport. This article thus reviews some of these commissioned studies in order to analyse the effects of the implementation and the possibility of modal shift. It also provides an agent-based simulation study of route choice for comparatively high-value cargo from Lithuania in the east to the United Kingdom in the west. Ultimately, the results of our TAPAS study do not provide concrete evidence supporting a modal shift from sea to road transport and indeed, they indicate that a shift is unlikely to occur.

Johan Holmgren; Zoi Nikopoulou; Linda Ramstedt; Johan Woxenius

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Universal single point liquid level sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A liquid level detector comprises a thermistor and circuitry for determining electrically if the thermistor is wet or dry and additionally, and continuously, if the thermistor is open or shorted. The voltage across the thermistor is filtered to remove low frequency electrical noise, then compared with a reference low voltage to determine if shorted and to a transition voltage chosen to be between the thermistor's normal wet and dry voltages to determine if the thermistor is wet or dry. The voltage is also compared to the supply voltage using a CMOS gate circuit element to determine if the thermistor is open. The gate passes both faults on to an LED to signal that a fault condition exists or indicates by another LED the wet or dry condition of the thermistor. A pump may be activated through a relay if the thermistor tests wet or dry, as desired. 1 figure.

Kronberg, J.W.

1992-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Universal single point liquid level sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A liquid level detector comprises a thermistor and circuitry for determining electrically if the thermistor is wet or dry and additionally, and continuously, if the thermistor is open or shorted. The voltage across the thermistor is filtered to remove low frequency electrical noise, then compared with a reference low voltage to determine if shorted and to a transition voltage chosen to be between the thermistor's normal wet and dry voltages to determine if the thermistor is wet or dry. The voltage is also compared to the supply voltage using a CMOS gate circuit element to determine if the thermistor is open. The gate passes both faults on to an LED to signal that a fault condition exists or indicates by another LED the wet or dry condition of the thermistor. A pump may be activated through a relay if the thermistor tests wet or dry, as desired.

Kronberg, James W. (353 Church Rd., Beech Island, SC 29842)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Internal neutronics-temperature coupling in Serpent 2 - Reactivity differences resulting from choice of material property correlations  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the unique way of simultaneously solving the power and temperature distributions of a nuclear system with the Monte Carlo neutron transport code Serpent 2. The coupled solution is achieved through the implementation of an internal temperature solver and material property correlations in the code. The program structure is reviewed concerning the temperature solver and the internal correlations as well as the internal coupling between these two and the neutron transport part. To estimate the reactivity differences resulting from correlation choices a simple pin-cell case has been calculated. It is established, that some correlation choices may result in difference in reactivity of approximately 100 pcm. (authors)

Valtavirta, V. [VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, P.O. Box 1000, FI-02044 VTT (Finland)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

System and method for determining an ammonia generation rate in a three-way catalyst  

SciTech Connect

A system according to the principles of the present disclosure includes a rate determination module, a storage level determination module, and an air/fuel ratio control module. The rate determination module determines an ammonia generation rate in a three-way catalyst based on a reaction efficiency and a reactant level. The storage level determination module determines an ammonia storage level in a selective catalytic reduction (SCR) catalyst positioned downstream from the three-way catalyst based on the ammonia generation rate. The air/fuel ratio control module controls an air/fuel ratio of an engine based on the ammonia storage level.

Sun, Min; Perry, Kevin L; Kim, Chang H

2014-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

264

Demand response in wholesale electricity markets: the choice of customer baseline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Given a hybrid electricity market structure, demand response (DR) in wholesale electricity markets depends ... counterfactual consumption levels that would have prevailed without demand-response programs. However...

Hung-po Chao

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Determine Largest Mobile Greenhouse Gas Emission Sources  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

For the purposes of portfolio planning, a Federal agency's first data analysis step is to determine which mobile emissions sources represent the largest contributors to the agency's overall greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Agencies can use agency-level data to determine which fleets/locations, which vehicle assets (e.g., fleet vehicles, non-fleet equipment, etc.), and which fuel types are producing the largest amounts of emissions.

266

Pinning down energy levels | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pinning down energy levels Pinning down energy levels Scientists discover the energy differences behind green fluorescent protein's glow The research begins with (a) the model GFP...

267

Draft General Conformity Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

I I Draft General Conformity Determination U.S. Department of the Interior Minerals Management Service MMS Cape Wind Energy Project January 2009 Final EIS Appendix I Draft General Conformity Determination Draft General Conformity Determination Cape Wind Energy Project Prepared by Minerals Management Service Herndon, VA November 2008 i TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.0 INTRODUCTION TO THE PROPOSED ACTION............................................................... 1 2.0 GENERAL CONFORMITY REGULATORY BACKGROUND .......................................... 2 2.1 GENERAL CONFORMITY REQUIREMENTS.................................................................... 2 2.2 GENERAL CONFORMITY APPLICABILITY.....................................................................

268

Effects of Low Level Laser Therapy on Orthodontic Pain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Purpose: To determine the effectiveness of low level laser therapy applied extra orally on the reduction of orthodontic pain. Materials and Methods: Sixty dental students were voluntarily recruited for this randomized, double-blinded, placebo...

Buchwald, Bradley

2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

269

Low Level Heat Recovery Through Heat Pumps and Vapor Recompression  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The intent of this paper is to examine the methods and economics of recovering low level heat through heat pumps and vapor recompression. Actual commercially available equipment is considered to determine the near-term and future economic viability...

Gilbert, J.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Energy-Smart Building Choices: How Parents and Teachers Are Helping to Create Better Environments for Learning (Revision)  

SciTech Connect

School districts around the country are finding that smart energy choices can help them save money and provide healthier, more effective learning environments. By incorporating energy improvements into their construction or renovation plans, schools can significantly reduce their energy consumption and costs. These savings can then be redirected to educational needs such as additional teachers, instructional materials, or new computers.

Not Available

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Verifying UAV Path Planning: A Formal Approach of Choice. Antonios Tsourdos, Brian A White and Rafal bikowski  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Verifying UAV Path Planning: A Formal Approach of Choice. Antonios Tsourdos, Brian A White - RMCS Shrivenham, Swindon SN6 8LA United Kingdom When deploying multiple UAVs each with its own sensor platform into an unstructured environment, the swarm of these sensor platforms, i.e. the team of UAVs needs

Fisher, Michael

272

Confronting the challenge of hybrid modeling: Using discrete choice models to inform the behavioural parameters of a hybrid model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Industry Sustainability in Industry: Increasing Energy Efficiency, Reducing Emissions Rye Brook, New York of the energy economy hybrid model to produce an integrated model that is both behaviourally realisticConfronting the challenge of hybrid modeling: Using discrete choice models to inform

273

Consumers enjoy eating a variety of seafood and can find many choices of fresh or frozen seafood in the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Consumers enjoy eating a variety of seafood and can find many choices of fresh or frozen seafood in the refrigerated and freezer cases at the grocery store. The consumption of both domestic and imported seafood 2005. The United States was the second largest importer of seafood in the world, with an estimated

Liskiewicz, Maciej

274

Economics is the study of choice and decision-making in the face of scarce resources, both at the individual  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economics is the study of choice and decision-making in the face of scarce resources, both or entire industries such as manufacturing. Economics graduates are in high demand by many different on the Economics Department web site under the alumni section. A national survey for the Class of 2012 shows

Saldin, Dilano

275

Marine Turtle Newsletter 126:9-13, 2009 A Comparison between the habitat Choices made by Hatchling and Juvenile  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Marine Turtle Newsletter 126:9-13, 2009 A Comparison between the habitat Choices made by Hatchling and Juvenile Green Turtles (Chelonia mydas) and Loggerheads (Caretta caretta) Morgan Michelle@aol.com) Hatchling green turtles and loggerheads emerge from underground nests at night, crawl to the ocean, and swim

Milton, Sarah

276

Company Level Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

All Petroleum & Other Liquids Reports All Petroleum & Other Liquids Reports Company Level Imports With Data for September 2013 | Release Date: November 27, 2013 | Next Release Date: December 30, 2013 | XLS Previous Issues Month: September 2013 August 2013 July 2013 June 2013 May 2013 April 2013 March 2013 February 2013 January 2013 prior issues Go September 2013 Import Highlights Monthly data on the origins of crude oil imports in September 2013 has been released and it shows that two countries exported more than 1 million barrels per day to the United States (see table below). The top five exporting countries accounted for 75 percent of United States crude oil imports in September while the top ten sources accounted for approximately 92 percent of all U.S. crude oil imports. The top five sources of US crude

277

Liquid level detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A liquid level detector for conductive liquids for vertical installation in a tank, the detector having a probe positioned within a sheath and insulated therefrom by a seal so that the tip of the probe extends proximate to but not below the lower end of the sheath, the lower end terminating in a rim that is provided with notches, said lower end being tapered, the taper and notches preventing debris collection and bubble formation, said lower end when contacting liquid as it rises will form an airtight cavity defined by the liquid, the interior sheath wall, and the seal, the compression of air in the cavity preventing liquid from further entry into the sheath and contact with the seal. As a result, the liquid cannot deposit a film to form an electrical bridge across the seal.

Tshishiku, Eugene M. (Augusta, GA)

2011-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

278

Vehicle type choice under the influence of a tax reform and rising fuel prices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Differentiated vehicle taxes are considered by many a useful tool for promoting environmentally friendly vehicles. Various structures have been implemented in several countries, e.g. Ireland, France, The Czech Republic, and Denmark. In many countries the tax reforms have been followed by a steep change in new vehicle purchases toward more diesel vehicles and more fuel-efficient vehicles. The paper analyses to what extent a vehicle tax reform similar to the Danish 2007 reform may explain changes in purchasing behaviour. The paper investigates the effects of a tax reform, fuel price changes, and technological development on vehicle type choice using a mixed logit model. The model allows a simulation of the effect of car price changes that resemble those induced by the tax reform. This effect is compared to the effects of fuel price changes and technology improvements. The simulations show that the effect of the tax reform on fuel efficiency is similar to the effect of rising fuel prices while the effect of technological development is much larger. The conclusion is that while the tax reform appeared in the same year as a large increase in fuel efficiency, it seems likely that it only explains a small part of the shift in fuel efficiency that occurred and that the main driver was the technological development.

Stefan L. Mabit

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Waste Segregation Based on Derived Clearance Levels  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the methodology and results of a radiological modeling in support of an application to release very low level radiologically contaminated waste from regulatory control and allow its haulage and disposal in a hazardous waste landfill. The Canadian regulatory body responsible for licensing operations involving nuclear materials (the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission), has not yet formally defined clearance levels for free release of low level radiologically contaminated waste. The IAEA clearance levels have been derived for certain situations and receptor characteristics, which might be too conservative for an actual case. A site-specific pathways analysis was therefore completed to define conditional clearance levels using the concept of de minimis dose limit. Derived Conditional Clearance Levels were calculated for each radionuclide based on the maximally exposed hypothetical individuals to determine whether each waste stream can be 'cleared' from regulatory controls. The results showed that haulage of the waste from the station to the haulage/processing facility and transportation of waste or sludge from the haulage/processing facility to the disposal facility, handling of the waste or sludge at the haulage/processing facility, and incineration and/or disposal of waste or sludge at the disposal facility would not expose the workers to doses above 0.1 {mu}Sv/yr., which is less than the de minimis dose limit of 10 {mu}Sv/yr. (authors)

Garisto, N.C.; Parhizgari, Z. [SENES Consultants Limited, Richmond Hill, ON (United States)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

One-level limit order books with sparsity and memory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oct 17, 2014 ... is determined by the distance of its price level to the best bid/ask prices according to a power law relation. .... LOB level I. Finally, some of the technical proofs are presented in ...... 4 Simulation and Convergence Assessment.

2014-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Department of Mechanical Engineering Spring 2013 Fluid Level Sensing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PENNSTATE Department of Mechanical Engineering Spring 2013 Fluid Level Sensing Overview The current course of action to determine the level of fluid in a tank on a tractor requires the operator to get out a system capable of measuring the volume of fluid in a non-uniform reservoir and displaying the value

Demirel, Melik C.

282

Flexible diet choice offsets protein costs of pathogen resistance in a caterpillar  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...normalized even after the transformation (e.g. protein level of haemolymph) were analysed with the non-parametric Kruskal-Wallis ANOVA. Any effects of experimental factors on larval development (i.e. stadium duration) and on survival were...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Economics is the study of choices. Economics programs teach people how society distributes scarce resources, such as land, labor, raw materials, and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economics is the study of choices. Economics programs teach people how society distributes scarce resources, such as land, labor, raw materials, and machinery. Economics is also about much more than this. Using the tools of economics, students can better understand all kinds of choices and outcomes, ranging

Maxwell, Bruce D.

284

Determining Pregnancy in Cattle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the animal to allow the palpator to Table 2. Break-even prices at various levels of production and annual costs of production. Calf crop (%) Weaning weight (lb) Pounds of calf per cow ---------------- Annual costs per cow ---------------- $250 $275 $300... of the animal to allow the palpator to Table 2. Break-even prices at various levels of production and annual costs of production. Calf crop (%) Weaning weight (lb) Pounds of calf per cow ---------------- Annual costs per cow ---------------- $250 $275 $300...

Beverly, John R.; Sprott, L. R.; Carpenter, Bruce B.

2008-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

285

Inducible Defense against Pathogens and Parasites: Optimal Choice among Multiple Options  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Defense against pathogen, parasites and herbivores is often enhanced after their invasion into the host's body. Sometimes different options are adopted depending on the identity and the quantity of the pathogen, exemplified by the switch between Th1 and Th2 systems in mammalian immunity. In this paper, we study the optimal defense of the host when two alternative responses are available, which differ in the effectiveness of suppressing the growth of pathogen (parasite, or herbivore), the damage to the host caused by the defense response, and the magnitude of time delay before the defense response becomes fully effective. The optimal defense is the one that minimizes the sum of the damages caused by the pathogen and the cost due to defense activities. The damage by pathogens increases in proportion to the time integral of the pathogen abundance, and the cost is proportional to the defense activity. We can prove that a single globally optimal combination of defense options always exists and there is no other local optimum. Depending on the parameters, the optimal is to adopt only the early response, only the late response, or both responses. The defense response with a shorter time delay is more heavily used when the pathogen grows fast, the initial pathogen abundance is large, and the difference in time delay is long. We also study the host's optimal choice between constitutive and inducible defenses. In the constitutive defense, the response to pathogen attack works without delay, but it causes the cost even when the pathogen attack does not occur. We discuss mammalian immunity and the plant chemical defense from the model's viewpoint.

EMI SHUDO; YOH IWASA

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Interim Action Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interim Action Determination Interim Action Determination Processing of Plutonium Materials from the DOE Standard 3013 Surveillance Program in H-Canyon at the Savannah River Site The Department of Energy (DOE) is preparing the Surplus Plutonium Disposition Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement (SPD SEIS, DOE/EIS-0283-S2). DOE is evaluating alternatives for disposition of non-pit plutonium that is surplus to the national

287

RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Categorical Exclusion for erosion repair and cactus relocation along the existing Tucson-Apache 11S-kV transmission line in Pima County, Arizona RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION A. Proposed Action: Western proposes to construct a new access road along the existing Tucson-Apache 11S-kV transmission line within the existing right-of-way and to repair erosion damage at transmission line structures. Access road construction will consist of stripping, clearing and removing vegetation and blading and leveling to create a road within the existing right-of-way between structures 24/7-2S/2 & 2S/3- 26/S. We will be installing two gates to limit right-of-way access from Houghton Road. We will be creating reinforced embankments through the placement of

288

RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

maintenance and avian nesting removal maintenance and avian nesting removal between structures 180/1 & 188/2 of the existing Mead-Perkins 500-kV transmission line in Maricopa County, Arizona. RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION A. Proposed Action: Western proposes to conduct access road maintenance between structures 180/1 & 188/2 of the existing Mead-Perkins 500-kV transmission line. This will consist of blading and leveling out areas of the existing access road using dozers, bucket trucks, crew trucks and pickup trucks. This work is needed to facilitate avian nest removal at structures 180/1, 182/2, 186/2 & 188/2. This work is necessary to maintain the safety and reliability of the bulk electrical system. The attached A1ap shows the project areas are situated within Sections 13 & 24

289

Corpuscular Event-by-Event Simulation of Quantum Optics Experiments: Application to a Quantum-Controlled Delayed-Choice Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A corpuscular simulation model of optical phenomena that does not require the knowledge of the solution of a wave equation of the whole system and reproduces the results of Maxwell's theory by generating detection events one-by-one is discussed. The event-based corpuscular model gives a unified description of multiple-beam fringes of a plane parallel plate and single-photon Mach-Zehnder interferometer, Wheeler's delayed choice, photon tunneling, quantum eraser, two-beam interference, Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen-Bohm and Hanbury Brown-Twiss experiments. The approach is illustrated by application to a recent proposal for a quantum-controlled delayed choice experiment, demonstrating that also this thought experiment can be understood in terms of particle processes only.

Hans De Raedt; Mutia Delina; Fenping Jin; Kristel Michielsen

2012-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

290

Energy-Smart Building Choices: How School Administrators and Board Members Are Improving Learning and Saving Money (Revision)  

SciTech Connect

Most school administrators and board members today must perform a tough juggling act. You're challenged to fulfill increasingly complex educational missions, meet rising community expectations, and serve growing student populations all with constrained operating budgets. As districts consider renovating their facilities or building new schools, many have found that smart energy choices can have lasting benefits for their schools, their communities, and the environment.

Not Available

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Individual characteristics and stated preferences for alternative energy sources and propulsion technologies in vehicles: A discrete choice analysis for Germany  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With respect to the German goal of a transition to a lead market for electromobility within a short time period, this paper empirically examines the preferences for alternative energy sources or propulsion technologies in vehicles and particularly for electric vehicles. The data stem from a stated preference discrete choice experiment with 598 potential German car buyers. In order to simulate a realistic future purchase situation, seven vehicle types were incorporated in each of the six choice sets, i.e. hybrid, gas, biofuel, hydrogen, and electric vehicles besides common gasoline and diesel vehicles. The econometric analysis with flexible multinomial probit models reveals that potential car buyers in Germany currently have a low stated preference for electric, hydrogen, and hybrid vehicles. While our paper also discusses the impact of common vehicle attributes such as purchase price or service station availability, it particularly considers the effect of socio-demographic and environmental awareness variables. The estimation results reveal that younger potential car buyers have a higher stated preference for hydrogen and electric vehicles, males have a higher stated choice of hydrogen vehicles, and environmentally aware potential car buyers have a higher stated preference for hydrogen and electric vehicles. These results suggest that common policy instruments such as the promotion of research and development, taxation, or subsidization in the field of electromobility could be supplemented by strategies to increase the social acceptance of alternative vehicle types that are directly oriented to these population groups. Methodologically, our study highlights the importance of the inclusion of taste persistence across the choice sets and a high number of random draws in the Geweke–Hajivassiliou–Keane simulator in the simulated maximum likelihood estimation of the multinomial probit models.

Andreas Ziegler

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Determining age of whales  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Determining age of whales Determining age of whales Name: Bruce W Walkey Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: While browsing through the Internet, I came upon a question by two fifth grade students. Their question got me thinking and now I pose it to you. How can you determine the age of whales? Since they are mammals, can the methods that are used on humans be used on whales? What are some tests that can be done on bones or tissues to determine age? Looking forward to your reply. Replies: Although it is difficult to determine the age of whales (unless they are born in captivity and we know their birth date), several methods have been commonly used: 1) (if female) the examination of the ovaries 2) Examination of the ridges on baleen, which are not uniform in size and analogous to tree rings. The problem with this is that baleen wears away over time. 3) Studying layers of ossification in an ear bone is probably the most accurate method of aging, since internal bones don't wear away. The biggest problem with aging methods is that they usually require that you are dissecting the animal, and often, we would like a method of aging for live active animals. The best we can do here is to compare the size and markings of whales of known age to those found in the wild. Great question!

293

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Utah | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

April 23, 2010 April 23, 2010 CX-001971: Categorical Exclusion Determination Roy Energy Efficiency Retrofits CX(s) Applied: A11, B5.1 Date: 04/23/2010 Location(s): Roy, Utah Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy April 23, 2010 CX-001645: Categorical Exclusion Determination Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Infrastructure Upgrade Project CX(s) Applied: A1, A9 Date: 04/23/2010 Location(s): Salt Lake City, Utah Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory April 22, 2010 CX-002100: Categorical Exclusion Determination Utah-City-Sandy CX(s) Applied: A1, A9, A11, B2.5, B5.1 Date: 04/22/2010 Location(s): Sandy, Utah Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy April 20, 2010 CX-001805: Categorical Exclusion Determination Topic A: Western Interconnection-Level Analysis and Planning

294

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Idaho Operations Office | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

May 22, 2012 May 22, 2012 CX-008744: Categorical Exclusion Determination Implementation of a Low-Level Gamma-Ray Counting Facility - University of Texas at Austin CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 05/22/2012 Location(s): Idaho Offices(s): Idaho Operations Office May 22, 2012 CX-008738: Categorical Exclusion Determination Determination of Microstructure and Chemical State Changes in Ion-Irradiated Fuels and Structural Components with a High Kinetic Energy Electron Detector - Illinois Institute of Technology CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 05/22/2012 Location(s): Idaho Offices(s): Idaho Operations Office May 22, 2012 CX-008737: Categorical Exclusion Determination Building Calorimetric and Thermogravimetric Analytical Instrumentation Capability at Oregon State University CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 05/22/2012

295

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Texas | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

April 30, 2013 April 30, 2013 CX-010299: Categorical Exclusion Determination A 1,000 Level Drill Pipe Deployed Fiber Optic 3C Receiver Array for Deep Boreholes CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6 Date: 04/30/2013 Location(s): Texas Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory April 29, 2013 CX-010170: Categorical Exclusion Determination ChargePoint America CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B5.1, B5.23 Date: 04/29/2013 Location(s): Texas Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory April 17, 2013 CX-010188: Categorical Exclusion Determination Field Demonstration of a Novel Eco-Friendly Production Enhancement Process CX(s) Applied: B3.11 Date: 04/17/2013 Location(s): Texas Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory April 16, 2013 CX-010402: Categorical Exclusion Determination Purchase of Big Hill Control Valve Assembly

296

Divisionalization, product cannibalization and product location choice: Evidence from the U.S. automobile industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

), and the products of a sister division of the same firm (intra-firm divisional new product distance). The hypotheses were tested using data on the U.S. automobile industry between 1979 and 1999. The results show that a focal division with a high level of inter...

Jeong, Eui Kyo

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

297

HOW TO UNDERSTAND OUR WILLINGNESS-TO-PAY TO FIGHT CLIMATE CHANGE? A CHOICE EXPERIMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

should increase by 1.5 to 6°C from now to 2100 with the current level of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of money plus participating to tree planting action. This allows us to get an individual interval changes. Indeed, developing renewable energies, cutting GHG emissions, or replanting trees to catch carbon

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

298

The level crossing analysis of German stock market index (DAX) and daily oil price time series  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The level crossing analysis of DAX and oil price time series are given. We determine the average frequency of positive-slope crossings, $\

Shayeganfar, F; Peinke, J; Tabar, M Reza Rahimi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) in four fish species from different trophic levels in the Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Concentration of ten polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) compounds were determined in liver of four fish species from different trophic levels (Aurigequula fasciata, omnivore; Alepes djedaba, carnivore; Liza ab...

Shirin Rahmanpour; Nasrin Farzaneh Ghorghani…

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

INVESTIGATION OF REMEDIAL EDUCATION COURSE SCORES AS A PREDICTOR OF FRESHMAN-LEVEL COURSE PERFORMANCES.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study sought to determine the relationship between the performance in remedial courses (English and math) and college-level course performances among students in a large… (more)

Ulmer, Larry

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Mixed low-level waste form evaluation  

SciTech Connect

A scoping level evaluation of polyethylene encapsulation and vitreous waste forms for safe storage of mixed low-level waste was performed. Maximum permissible radionuclide concentrations were estimated for 15 indicator radionuclides disposed of at the Hanford and Savannah River sites with respect to protection of the groundwater and inadvertent intruder pathways. Nominal performance improvements of polyethylene and glass waste forms relative to grout are reported. These improvements in maximum permissible radionuclide concentrations depend strongly on the radionuclide of concern and pathway. Recommendations for future research include improving the current understanding of the performance of polymer waste forms, particularly macroencapsulation. To provide context to these estimates, the concentrations of radionuclides in treated DOE waste should be compared with the results of this study to determine required performance.

Pohl, P.I.; Cheng, Wu-Ching; Wheeler, T.; Waters, R.D.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Electronic multi-purpose material level sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present electronic multi-purpose material level sensor is based on time domain reflectometry (TDR) of very short electrical pulses. Pulses are propagated along a transmission line that is partially immersed in a liquid, powder, or other substance such as grain in a silo. The time difference of the reflections at the start of the transmission line and the air/liquid interface are used to determine levels to better than 0.01 inch. The sensor is essentially independent of circuit element and temperature variations, and can be mass produced at an extremely low price. The transmission line may be a Goubau line, microstrip, coaxial cable, twin lead, CPS or CPW, and may typically be a strip placed along the inside wall of a tank. The reflected pulses also contain information about strata within the liquid such as sludge-build-up at the bottom of an oil tank.

McEwan, Thomas E. (Livermore, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Electronic multi-purpose material level sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present electronic multi-purpose material level sensor is based on time domain reflectometry (TDR) of very short electrical pulses. Pulses are propagated along a transmission line that is partially immersed in a liquid, powder, or other substance such as grain in a silo. The time difference of the reflections at the start of the transmission line and the air/liquid interface are used to determine levels to better than 0.01 inch. The sensor is essentially independent of circuit element and temperature variations, and can be mass produced at an extremely low price. The transmission line may be a Goubau line, microstrip, coaxial cable, twin lead, CPS or CPW, and may typically be a strip placed along the inside wall of a tank. The reflected pulses also contain information about strata within the liquid such as sludge-build-up at the bottom of an oil tank. 9 figs.

McEwan, T.E.

1997-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

304

sea level | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

sea level sea level Dataset Summary Description This dataset, made available by the UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC), shows sea level rise for the period as early as 1834 through 2008 for the following UK sites: Aberdeen, Liverpool, Newlyn, North Shields, and Sheerness. Data is from the Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory. Earliest year of available data varies by site, beginning between 1834 and 1916. Source UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) Date Released March 12th, 2010 (4 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords climate change sea level UK Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon 1 Excel file: Sea level rise (UK) (xls, 280.6 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment (Does not have "National Statistics" status)

305

Curriculum Statement for Graduate Level (Third Level) Education  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an application to the head of the Department of Information Technology. Positions within the third level and Technology (Board for Third-level Education) on 2012-01-23. Translation approved: 2012-01-23. The Curriculum, covering at least 90 higher education credits. Persons who have acquired corresponding knowledge outside

Flener, Pierre

306

Complex-Dynamic Origin of Consciousness and the Critical Choice of Sustainability Transition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A quite general interaction process of a multi-component system is analysed by the extended effective potential method liberated from usual limitations of perturbation theory or integrable model. The obtained causally complete solution of the many-body problem reveals the phenomenon of dynamic multivaluedness, or redundance, of emerging, incompatible system realisations and dynamic entanglement of system components within each realisation. The ensuing concept of dynamic complexity (and related intrinsic chaoticity) is absolutely universal and can be applied to the problem of (natural and artificial) intelligence and consciousness that dynamically emerge now as a high enough, properly specified levels of unreduced complexity of a suitable interaction process. Emergent consciousness can be identified with the appearance of bound, permanently localised states in the multivalued brain dynamics from strongly chaotic states of unconscious intelligence, by analogy with classical behaviour emergence from quantum states at the lowest levels of complex world dynamics. We show that the main properties of this dynamically emerging consciousness (and intelligence, at the preceding complexity level) correspond to empirically derived properties of natural consciousness and obtain causally substantiated conclusions about their artificial realisation, including the fundamentally justified paradigm of genuine machine consciousness. This rigorously defined machine consciousness is different from both natural consciousness and any mechanistic, dynamically single-valued imitation of the latter. We use then the same, truly universal concept of complexity to derive equally rigorous conclusions about mental and social implications of this complex-dynamic consciousness concept, demonstrating its critical importance for further progress of science and civilisation.

Andrei P. Kirilyuk

2014-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

307

ALIGNMENT, LEVELING AND DEPLOYMENT CONSTRAINTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermoelectric Generator (RTG) Crew Deployment Description Passive Seismic Experiment (PSE) Crew Deployment and Alignment Central Station Antenna Crew Deployment Description Leveling, Alignment, and Pointing Radioisotope

Rathbun, Julie A.

308

Mid-Level Ethanol Blends  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Mid-Level Ethanol Blends Test Program DOE, NREL, and ORNL Team Presented by Keith Knoll Work supported by DOEEERE Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer...

309

" Level: National Data and Regional...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 Capability to Switch Electricity to Alternative Energy Sources, 2002; " " Level: National Data and Regional Totals;" " Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments and Employment Sizes;"...

310

" Level: National Data and Regional...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 Capability to Switch Coal to Alternative Energy Sources, 2006; " " Level: National Data and Regional Totals;" " Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments and Employment Sizes;" "...

311

" Level: National Data and Regional...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 Capability to Switch Coal to Alternative Energy Sources, 2002; " " Level: National Data and Regional Totals;" " Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments and Employment Sizes;" "...

312

Categorical Exclusion (CX) Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

North Oakes tap of the Edgeley to Forman 69 kV line North Oakes tap of the Edgeley to Forman 69 kV line Description of Proposed Action: Central Power Electric Cooperative is proposing to tap into the Western Area Power Administration (Western) Edgeley to Forman 69 kV transmission line with a new substation to meet load growth in the Southeastern North Dakota area. Number and Title of Categorical Exclusions Being Applied: 10 CFR 1021.410 Subpart D, Appendix B, B4.11: Construction of electric power substations ... or modification of existing substations and support facilities. Regulatory Requirements for CX Determination: The DOE Guidelines for Compliance with the Regulatory Requirements for the National Environmental Policy Act at 10 CFR 1021.410(b), require the following determinations be made in order for a proposed action to be categorically

313

Categorical Exclusion (CX) Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Circle substation expansion Circle substation expansion Description of Proposed Action: Expansion of the Circle substation approximately 4 acres to the south for the purpose of adding additional bays for the Keystone XL pipeline project. Number and Title of Categorical Exclusions Being Applied: 10 CFR 1021.410 Subpart D, Appendix B, B4.11: Construction of electric power substations ... or modification of existing substations and support facilities. Regulatory Requirements for CX Determination: The DOE Guidelines for Compliance with the Regulatory Requirements for the National Environmental Policy Act at 10 CFR 1021.410(b), require the following determinations be made in order for a proposed action to be categorically excluded from National Environmentally Policy Act (NEPA) review:

314

Categorical Exclusion (CX) Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Addition of a new substation near Lake Bowdoin, MT. Addition of a new substation near Lake Bowdoin, MT. Description of Proposed Action: Addition of a new substation near Lake Bowdoin on Western's Fort Peck to Havre 161 k V transmission line for the purpose of providing power for a Keystone XL pipeline project pump station. Number and Title of Categorical Exclusions Being Applied: 10 CFR 1021.410 Subpart D, Appendix B, B4.11: Construction of electric power substations ... or modification of existing substations and support facilities. Regulatory Requirements for CX Determination: The DOE Guidelines for Compliance with the Regulatory Requirements for the National Environmental Policy Act at 10 CFR 1021.41 O(b), require the following determinations be made in order for a proposed action to be categorically

315

Mental Health, Determinants of  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this article, the authors first review differences between mental health and physical health conditions and explicitly consider how the health production function can be applied to mental health. They then review the research on the determinants of mental health, focusing on the contributions of economists to this literature. They focus on three important inputs to mental health production: income, macroeconomic conditions, and employment.

E. Golberstein; S.H. Busch

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Correlations Among Gender, Career Interests, Conservation Issues, And Curriculum Choice By Students In Wildlife And Fisheries Sciences At Texas A&M University From 2000 To 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

enrolled in a mandatory class, Conservation and Management (WFSC 201). Among other questions, the survey asked students to provide information about their curriculum choice, agreement with value statements about wildlife and conservation issues, career...

Woldhagen, Ashley N.

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

317

The Freedom to Choose: The Aesthetics of Choice in Short Stories by Zora Neale Hurston, Richard Wright, Amiri Baraka, and Toni Cade Bambara  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

short stories. To what ends do the works by Hurston, Wright, Bambara, and Baraka emphasize the "choices" African Americans make in the face of social barriers? Addressing this question will help to better explain how characters, within specific short...

Rambsy, Kenton

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

318

Probability of sea level rise  

SciTech Connect

The report develops probability-based projections that can be added to local tide-gage trends to estimate future sea level at particular locations. It uses the same models employed by previous assessments of sea level rise. The key coefficients in those models are based on subjective probability distributions supplied by a cross-section of climatologists, oceanographers, and glaciologists.

Titus, J.G.; Narayanan, V.K.

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Low Level Radioactive Waste Authority (Michigan) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Low Level Radioactive Waste Authority (Michigan) Low Level Radioactive Waste Authority (Michigan) Low Level Radioactive Waste Authority (Michigan) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Program Info State Michigan Program Type Safety and Operational Guidelines Provider Department of Environmental Quality Federal laws passed in 1980 and 1985 made each state responsible for the low-level radioactive waste produced within its borders. Act 204 of 1987 created the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Authority (LLRWA) to fulfill state responsibilities under federal law for managing and assuring disposal capacity for the low-level radioactive waste produced in Michigan. The LLRWA began a facility siting process in 1989 under the statutory limits of Act 204. The LLRWA eventually determined that it was impossible to find a

320

CX-009637: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7: Categorical Exclusion Determination 7: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-009637: Categorical Exclusion Determination Removing Items or Materials Containing Polychlorinated Biphenyls CX(s) Applied: B1.17 Date: 11/19/2012 Location(s): Tennessee, California, California, Virginia Offices(s): Oak Ridge Office The proposed actions would involve removal of items containing various levels of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs), including transformers, capacitors, light ballasts, hydraulic systems, gaskets, coatings, and insulation. The proposed actions also include routine maintenance and flushing of equipment such as hydraulic systems and transformers. CX-009637.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-010358: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-007979: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-009676

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Low-Energy Nuclear Level Scheme of Rh104  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Investigations of the low-energy level properties (level energies, spins, and parities) of Rh104 have been undertaken from studies of the coincidence relationships existing between the low-energy capture gamma rays produced by thermal neutron capture in Rh103 using NaI(Tl) scintillation crystals as detectors. It is known from the decay scheme of the 4.4-min Rh104m isomer that Rh104 has energy levels at 52, 96, and 129 keV with spins and parities of 2-, 2+, and 5+, respectively. The data obtained in these investigations have been combined with the isomeric level data in order to determine the properties of several additional levels. Additional levels in Rh104 have been determined at the following energies, with the level spin and parity in parenthesis after the energy; 184 keV (1±), 192 keV (3+), 269 keV (3±), 450 keV, and either 229 keV (3+) or 325 keV (4+). These spin and parity assignments were made on the basis of a K internal conversion coefficient analysis of the coincidence data together with consideration of the relative cascade intensities. On the basis of the possible odd-proton and odd-neutron configurations open to the 184- and 269-keV levels, and considering the transition intensities to the lower levels, it was determined that the negative-parity assignment is most probable for both of these levels, with the levels having configuration assignments of (p32)(d52). The 192-keV level together with the 229- or 325-keV level most probably have either [(g92)5]72(d52)n or (g92)5(d52)n configurations. In fact, if it is the 229-keV level which does exist, as the available evidence might seem to indicate, then, since they both have spins and parities of 3+, the 192-keV level would have one of these configurations while the 229-keV level would have the other.

R. C. Greenwood

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

The effect of the price of gasoline on the urban economy: From route choice to general equilibrium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

RELU-TRAN2, a spatial computable general equilibrium (CGE) model of the Chicago MSA is used to understand how gasoline use, car-VMT, on-the-road fuel intensity, trips and location patterns, housing, labor and product markets respond to a gas price increase. We find a long-run elasticity of gasoline demand (with congestion endogenous) of ?0.081, keeping constant car prices and the TFI (technological fuel intensity) of car types but allowing consumers to choose from car types. 43% of this long run elasticity is from switching to transit; 15% from trip, car-type and location choice; 38% from price, wage and rent equilibration, and 4% from building stock changes. 79% of the long run elasticity is from changes in car-VMT (the extensive margin) and 21% from savings in gasoline per mile (the intensive margin); with 83% of this intensive margin from changes in congestion and 17% from the substitution in favor of lower TFI. An exogenous trend-line improvement of the TFI of the car-types available for choice raises the long-run response to a percent increase in the gas price from ?0.081 to ?0.251. Thus, only 1/3 of the long-run response to the gas price stems from consumer choices and 2/3 from progress in fuel intensity. From 2000 to 2007, real gas prices rose 53.7%, the average car fuel intensity improved 2.7% and car prices fell 20%. The model predicts that from these changes alone, keeping constant population, income, etc. aggregate gasoline use in this period would have fallen by 5.2%.

Alex Anas; Tomoru Hiramatsu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

A two-path model on the effects of positivity and empathy reflected by online reviews: a choice mechanism perspective  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This research uses the three choice mechanisms, i.e., cognitive, normative, and affective processes, to examine the impacts of two interrelated aspects regarding online reviews, i.e., positivity of online reviews and empathy reflected by online reviews, on online purchase intentions through two studies. Results reveal that positivity of online reviews is more strongly related to both cognitive and normative processing, whereas empathy reflected in response to searchers' problems is found to influence consumers' affective decision making, thus leading to the development of a two-path model regarding the psychological mechanisms about online reviews. Theoretical and managerial implications are discussed.

Xuehua Wang; Cheris W.C. Chow; Zhilin Yang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Spacings of Nuclear Energy Levels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The distribution of spacings of nuclear energy levels in many heavy nuclei at an excitation energy of 5 to 9 Mev is obtained by careful correction of the observed distributions for the effect of failure to observe all levels. Results of transmission measurements on U234 and U236, as measured with the Brookhaven fast chopper, are presented. The experimental spacings of the zero-spin nuclides are considered first since all the levels from slow neutron capture have the same spin. The results show a deficiency of small spacings relative to the exponential distribution, which corresponds to a random occurrence of levels. In the analysis it is shown that there is no local correlation of neutron widths and level spacings. The "level repulsion" effect is also found for the nuclides of nonzero spin, for which the data are more abundant but the analysis is complicated by the presence of two spin systems. The distribution obtained is in agreement with one suggested by Wigner based on a probability of level occurrence proportional to the spacing S. The corrections here developed are also applied to the reduced neutron width distribution and this corrected distribution is in good agreement with the Porter-Thomas distribution.

John A. Harvey and D. J. Hughes

1958-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

325

Determination of sound power of coupled machines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Several procedures are available for the determination of the sound power level of machines in normal environments. Most of these give adequate results for single medium?sized equipment but difficulties arise in extending the concepts to large coupled machines. [“Evaluation of Proposed ASME PTC 36 Code for Sound Power Level Determination of Large Steam Turbine Generators ” S.E. Grabkowski J. MacDonald and T. Van Schaick (General Electric Company) to be presented at Fall 1975 ASME meeting.] Much of the problem is because the direct acoustic field of a component machine may not extend to as much as one foot from its surface due to reverberation from other components. A procedure is suggested in which all acoustic measurements are confined to surfaces near each component machine. Correction is made for the reverberant acoustic field of the entire environment. The correction procedure utilizes reverberation time determinations from impulsive noise tests; and applies a Monte Carlo approach to the problem of correcting for nearfield effects in the evaluation of sound power. An iterative computation is employed. Comparisons with free?field sound power determinations are shown.

R. J. Wells

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B6.2 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 2 Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B6.2 Existing Regulations B6.2: Waste collection, treatment, stabilization, and containment facilities The siting, construction, and operation of temporary (generally less than 2 years) pilot-scale waste collection and treatment facilities, and pilot-scale (generally less than 1 acre) waste stabilization and containment facilities (including siting, construction, and operation of a small-scale laboratory building or renovation of a room in an existing building for sample analysis), provided that the action (1) supports remedial investigations/feasibility studies under CERCLA, or similar studies under RCRA (such as RCRA facility investigations/corrective measure studies) or other authorities and (2) would not unduly limit the choice of

327

Investment Timing and Capacity Choice for Small-Scale Wind PowerUnder Uncertainty  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a method for evaluation of investments in small-scale wind power under uncertainty. It is assumed that the price of electricity is uncertain and that an owner of a property with wind resources has a deferrable opportunity to invest in one wind power turbine within a capacity range. The model evaluates investment in a set of projects with different capacity. It is assumed that the owner substitutes own electricity load with electricity from the wind mill and sells excess electricity back to the grid on an hourly basis. The problem for the owner is to find the price levels at which it is optimal to invest, and in which capacity to invest. The results suggests it is optimal to wait for significantly higher prices than the net present value break-even. Optimal scale and timing depend on the expected price growth rate and the uncertainty in the future prices.

Fleten, Stein-Erik; Maribu, Karl Magnus

2004-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

328

Company Level Imports Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Company Level Imports Explanatory Notes Company Level Imports Explanatory Notes Notice: Ongoing analysis of imports data to the Energy Information Administration reveals that some imports are not correctly reported on Form EIA-814 "Monthly Imports Report". Contact with the companies provides sufficient information for EIA to include these imports in the data even though they have not provided complete reports on Form EIA-814. Estimates are included in aggregate data, but the estimates are not included in the file of Company-Level Imports. Therefore, summation of volumes for PAD Districts 1-5 from the Company-Level Imports will not equal aggregate import totals. Explanation of Codes Used in Imports Database Files SURVEY_ID EIA-814 Survey Form Number for Collecting Petroleum Import Statistics

329

Wafer-Level Thermocompression Bonds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermocompression bonding of gold is a promising technique for achieving low temperature, wafer-level bonding without the application of an electric field or complicated pre-bond cleaning procedure. The presence of a ductile ...

Tsau, Christine H.

330

Regional Sea-Level Projection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...to inform such decisions. Earth system models used in the last Intergovermental...than twice) than do current Earth system models (fig. S1). Is this discrepancy...project future sea-level rise? Earth system models have significant uncertainties...

Josh K. Willis; John A. Church

2012-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

331

Low Level Heat Recovery Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

level heat recovery technology. This paper discusses heat distribution systems, latest developments in absorption refrigeration and organic Rankine cycles, and pressure, minimization possibilities. The relative merits and economics of the various...

O'Brien, W. J.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Categorical Exclusion (CX) Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Letcher to Mitchell 115 kV transmission line to Western's Letcher to Mitchell 115 kV transmission line to Western's Letcher substation. Description of Proposed Action: Interconnection of Northwestern Energy's 115 kV Letcher to Mitchell transmission line at Western's Letcher substation. Northwestern Energy is proposing to build a 14.5 mile transmission line between their Mitchell substation and Western's Letcher substation to shore up reliability of their electrical system in the area. Number and Title of Categorical Exclusions Being Applied: 10 CFR 1021.410 Subpart D, Appendix B, B4.11: Construction of electric power substations ... or modification of existing substations and support facilities. Regulatory Requirements for CX Determination: The DOE Guidelines for Compliance with the Regulatory Requirements for the National Environmental Policy Act at 10 CFR 1021.41 O(b), require the

333

Categorical Exclusion (CX) Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Movement of the Shirley Pump substation to a new site away from Movement of the Shirley Pump substation to a new site away from Yellowstone River and replacement of the Shirley Pump substation transformer. Description of Proposed Action: Move the existing Shirley Pump substation approximately 200 meters to the southeast away from its current location and the Yellowstone River as well as replace the aging transformer with a new one. Number and Title of Categorical Exclusions Being Applied: 10 CPR 1021.410 Subpart D, Appendix B, B4.11: Construction of electric power substations ... or modification of existing substations and support facilities. Regulatory Requirements for CX Determination: The DOE Guidelines for Compliance with the Regulatory Requirements for the National Environmental Policy Act at 10 CPR 1021.41 O(b),

334

Categorical Exclusion Determination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

t t Categorical Exclusion Determination Form Proposed Action Title: (0471-1563) University of South Florida - Development of a Low Cost Thermal Energy Storage System Using Phase Change Materials with Enhanced Radiation Heat Transfer Program or Field Office: Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy Location(s) (City/County/State): Tampa, FL Proposed Action Description: Funding will support development of low cost, industrially scalable capsules containing high-temperature phase change materials (PCMs) for use in thermal energy storage (TES) systems to enable continuous power supply from concentrated solar thermal and nuclear power plants. No nuclear research and development activities will take place under this project. ARPA-E has undertaken a review of the work to be performed

335

Categorical Exclusion Determination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ergy ergy Categorical Exclusion Determination Form Proposed Action Title: (0472-1569) G~tomics - Double Sator Switched Reluctance Motor (DSSRM) Technology Progi'am or Field Office: Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy Location(s) (City/County/State): San Diego, CA Proposed Action Description: General Atomics, in conjunction with the University of Texas-Dallas (UT Dallas), proposes to develop double-stator switched reluctance motor (DSSRM) for electric vehicles (EVs) that will eliminate the use of permanent magnet-based motors that rely on rare earth metals in EVs. General Atomics' application was selected for an initial 18-month period (Phase 1) of funding. The ARPA-E Program Director may decide to negotiate and fund project activities for an additional 18-month period (Phase II) after evaluating the work performed in Phase I. ARPA-E has not obligated

336

Categorical Exclusion Determination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of n y of n y Categorical Exclusion Determination Form Proposed Action Title: (0471-1607) University of Florida - Solar Thermochemical Fuel Production via a Novel Low Pressure, Magnetically Stabilized, Non-Volatile Iron Oxide Looping Process Program or Field Office: Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy LocationCs) CCity/County/State): Gainesville, FL Proposed Action Description: University of Florida proposes to develop a novel solar thermochemical reactor with inputs of water, recycled carbon dioxide (C02), and concentrated solar energy to cost-effectively produce Syngas, a renewable, carbon-neutral fuel. Project activities will include: (1) modeling, design, and fabrication of a high efficiency 1 OkW reactor prototype; (2) test analysis of bench-scale

337

Cat Dish Bacteria Determination  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dish Bacteria Determination Dish Bacteria Determination Name: Ashlyn Status: student Grade: 6-8 Location: FL Country: USA Date: Summer 2011 Question: Is there a simple way to measure bacteria in cat's water dishes without doing something with Agar? To measure bacteria in a water bowl, do I need to use a microscope? I am thinking of using different materials (metal, plastic, and glass) to see which of those has the grows the most bacteria. Replies: Hello Ashlyn, That is a very good idea for a science project. Usually the best way to do a quantitative analysis of bacteria content is to take a measured amount of a liquid, plate it out on some type of agar and do a colony count. This will give a basic indication of bacterial load, but not differentiate the types of bacteria. The most common type of bacteria that causes a pink film to form on water bowls and showers, etc. is Serratia marcescens. It is a fairly harmless organism that reacts with standing water. It may only adhere to the walls of the container and not be 'free floating' in the water. A microscope would not likely help unless you were able to do special stains to help see the bacteria. You might also want to add stoneware or ceramic to your list. Just so you know stoneware or ceramic make the best containers for cats to drink out of. It keeps the water fresher: Maybe less bacteria? You might just have to rely on a visual inspection of the containers to see which has more pink per surface area.

338

TransCom3 Level 2 Data Set Released  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Level 2 Data Set Released Level 2 Data Set Released The ORNL DAAC announces the release of "TransCom 3: Seasonal CO2 Flux Estimates from Atmospheric Inversions (Level 2)", prepared by K.R. Gurney and A.S. Denning. This data set provides model outputs and seasonal mean CO2 fluxes from the Atmospheric Carbon Cycle Inversion Intercomparison (TransCom 3), Level 2 inversion experiment. This Level 2 experiment inverted for the spatial and temporal pattern of the residual CO2 sources and sinks. The seasonal inversion consists of a 3-year forward simulation (365 days per year) containing 4 presubtracted tracers, 11 SF6 tracers, and 22 CO2 tracers (11 terrestrial, 11 oceanic) (Gurney et al., 2000). Carbon fluxes were estimated for each month of an average year determined as the mean of the

339

Sludge processors have wide choice of solutions for waste ammonia problems  

SciTech Connect

The Ocean Dumping Act of 1988 phased out dumping of sewage sludge into the ocean. To use sewage sludge beneficially, facilities treat and process it using such techniques as digestion, dewatering, composting, thermal drying and chemical stabilization. All of these processes create waste discharges containing high concentrations of nitrogen, mainly in the form of ammonia. When nitrification occurs in receiving waters, ammonia is oxidized to nitrate and can lower dissolved oxygen levels in the water. Excess ammonia also is toxic to fish and other aquatic life. Nitrogen reduction alternatives for sludge dewatering and processing waste discharges include the following: air stripping; steam stripping; breakpoint chlorination; selective ion exchange; reverse osmosis; and chemical precipitation. To remove wastewater nitrogen using biological processes, ammonia and organic nitrogen first are oxidized aerobically (nitrification) to nitrate nitrogen, which then is converted biologically to nitrogen gas (denitrification) under zero or low dissolved oxygen (anoxic) conditions. Because sludge treatment discharges contain valuable quantities of ammonia, they may be considered for reuse as supplemental fertilizer for land application or for reclamation through spraying or injection into soil. Such discharges also may be used in combustion processes.

Chen, Y.S.R.; Samela, D. (Stone and Webster Engineering Corp., Boston, MA (United States). Environmental Technology and Services Div.); Kaylor, F.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Determinations | Building Energy Codes Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Regulations Regulations Site Map Printable Version Development Adoption Compliance Regulations Determinations Federal Buildings Manufactured Housing Resource Center Determinations Commercial Determinations Residential Determinations Final Determination on ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2010 On October 19, 2011, DOE issued a final determination that ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2010 would achieve greater energy efficiency in buildings subject to the standard than if they were built to ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2007. View the complete final determination notice that appeared in the Federal Register on October 19, 2011. View the complete preliminary determination notice that appeared in the Federal Register on July 20, 2011. State Certification This final determination is being published before the two year deadline

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

CX-005528: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

28: Categorical Exclusion Determination 28: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-005528: Categorical Exclusion Determination Raise the Tank26 High Liquid Level Conductivity Probe Setpoint to 362 Inches CX(s) Applied: B2.2 Date: 01/31/2011 Location(s): Aiken, South Carolina Office(s): Environmental Management, Savannah River Operations Office High Liquid Level Conductivity Probe (HLLCP) setpoint will be documented in the Emergency Response Data (ERD) after implementation of the field work per Technical Safety Requirements (TSR) Administrative Control 5.8.2.44, Tank Fill Limits (SAC). There are no impacts to the Safety Basis as a result of the proposed activity. DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD CX-005528.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-000563: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-005535: Categorical Exclusion Determination

342

CX-010753: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3: Categorical Exclusion Determination 3: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-010753: Categorical Exclusion Determination Operational Simulation Tools and Long Term Strategic Planning for High Penetrations of Photovoltaic in the Southeastern US CX(s) Applied: A9 Date: 08/15/2013 Location(s): Tennessee Offices(s): Golden Field Office The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is proposing to provide federal funding to Electric Power Research Institute to assess the operational and business impacts posed by high levels of solar generation and assist the development of strategic plans that ensure solar system reliability and utility financial health related to these levels of solar generation. CX-010753.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-010742: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-010740: Categorical Exclusion Determination

343

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Argonne Site Office | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Argonne Site Office Argonne Site Office Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Argonne Site Office Categorical Exclusion Determinations issued by Argonne Site Office. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD August 9, 2013 CX-010868: Categorical Exclusion Determination Bio Safety Level-1 and Bio Safety Level-2 Research at Argonne CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 08/09/2013 Location(s): Illinois Offices(s): Argonne Site Office August 7, 2013 CX-010869: Categorical Exclusion Determination Nauticas Research Program CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 08/07/2013 Location(s): Illinois Offices(s): Argonne Site Office July 12, 2013 CX-010870: Categorical Exclusion Determination New Advanced Photon Source Parking Lot on Kearney Road CX(s) Applied: B1.15 Date: 07/12/2013 Location(s): Illinois Offices(s): Argonne Site Office

344

CX-010867: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7: Categorical Exclusion Determination 7: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-010867: Categorical Exclusion Determination Hanford Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) High Level Waste Canister Decontamination Process Stream Simulant Development CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 06/27/2013 Location(s): South Carolina Offices(s): Savannah River Operations Office A simulant will be developed of the canister decontamination process stream for the Hanford Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) High Level Waste Facility. This simulant will be developed to support the Full Scale Vessel Testing (FSVT) program which involves evaluations of Pulsed Jet Mixing equipment performance in actual WTP vessels. CX-010867.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-010673: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-009110: Categorical Exclusion Determination

345

Hamilton's rule in multi-level selection Burton Simon, Jeffrey A. Fletcher & Michael Doebeli  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hamilton's rule in multi-level selection models Burton Simon, Jeffrey A. Fletcher & Michael Doebeli is determined (statistically) by the composi- tion of the parent group. We derive Hamilton-like inequalities ways due to both individual-level and group level processes. Hamilton's rules only contain first

Simon, Burt

346

Meteorologically driven trends in sea level rise Alexander S. Kolker1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Meteorologically driven trends in sea level rise Alexander S. Kolker1 and Sultan Hameed2 Received] Determining the rate of global sea level rise (GSLR) during the past century is critical to understanding a suite of coastal oceanographic processes. These findings reduce variability in regional sea level rise

Hameed, Sultan

347

Assessment of LANL solid low-level waste management documentation  

SciTech Connect

DOE Order 5820.2A requires that a system performance assessment be conducted to assure efficient and compliant management of all radioactive waste. The objective of this report is to determine the present status of the Radioactive Waste Operations Section's capabilities regarding preparation and maintenance of appropriate criteria, plans and procedures and identify particular areas where these documents are not presently in existence or being fully implemented. DOE Order 5820.2A, Radioactive Waste Management, Chapter III sets forth the requirements and guidelines for preparation and implementation of criteria, plans and procedures to be utilized in the management of solid low-level waste. The documents being assessed in this report are: Solid Low-Level Waste Acceptance Criteria, Solid Low-Level Waste Characterization Plan, Solid Low-Level Waste Certification Plan, Solid Low-Level Waste Acceptance Procedures, Solid Low-Level Waste Characterization Procedures, Solid Low-Level Waste Certification Procedures, Solid Low-Level Waste Training Procedures, and Solid Low-Level Waste Recordkeeping Procedures. Suggested outlines for these documents are presented as Appendix A.

Klein, R.B.; Jennrich, E.A.; Lund, D.M.; Danna, J.G. (Rogers and Associates Engineering Corp., Salt Lake City, UT (United States)); Davis, K.D.; Rutz, A.C. (Wastren, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States))

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Assessment of LANL solid low-level waste management documentation  

SciTech Connect

DOE Order 5820.2A requires that a system performance assessment be conducted to assure efficient and compliant management of all radioactive waste. The objective of this report is to determine the present status of the Radioactive Waste Operations Section`s capabilities regarding preparation and maintenance of appropriate criteria, plans and procedures and identify particular areas where these documents are not presently in existence or being fully implemented. DOE Order 5820.2A, Radioactive Waste Management, Chapter III sets forth the requirements and guidelines for preparation and implementation of criteria, plans and procedures to be utilized in the management of solid low-level waste. The documents being assessed in this report are: Solid Low-Level Waste Acceptance Criteria, Solid Low-Level Waste Characterization Plan, Solid Low-Level Waste Certification Plan, Solid Low-Level Waste Acceptance Procedures, Solid Low-Level Waste Characterization Procedures, Solid Low-Level Waste Certification Procedures, Solid Low-Level Waste Training Procedures, and Solid Low-Level Waste Recordkeeping Procedures. Suggested outlines for these documents are presented as Appendix A.

Klein, R.B.; Jennrich, E.A.; Lund, D.M.; Danna, J.G. [Rogers and Associates Engineering Corp., Salt Lake City, UT (United States); Davis, K.D.; Rutz, A.C. [Wastren, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Curriculum Statement for Graduate Level (Third Level) Education  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an application to the head of the Department of Information Technology. Admissions to places in third level Science or courses in areas relevant to Embedded Systems, covering at least 90 higher education credits. Of these, at least 15 higher education credits must be within courses close to the area of Embedded Systems

Flener, Pierre

350

HYBRID DECADE-MEAN GLOBAL SEA LEVEL WITH MESOSCALE RESOLUTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. INTRODUCTION Shape of the sea level determines geostrophic currents in the upper ocean, which play important. Niiler2 1 International Pacific Research Center, School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology in drifter, satellite altimeter and wind data. Hybrid product reveals complex structures of main currents

351

Evaluate the Effect of Upper-Level Cirrus Clouds on Satellite Retrievals of Low-Level Cloud Droplet Effective Radius  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Effect of Upper-Level Cirrus Clouds the Effect of Upper-Level Cirrus Clouds on Satellite Retrievals of Low-Level Cloud Droplet Effective Radius F.-L. Chang and Z. Li Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center University of Maryland College Park, Maryland Z. Li Department of Meteorology University of Maryland College Park, Maryland Introduction The earth's radiation budget is sensitive to changes in the microphysical properties of low-level stratiform clouds. Their extensive coverage can significantly reduce the solar energy absorbed by the earth system. An estimate of reducing the global-mean droplet effective radius (r e ) of these low-level clouds by ~2 µm, while keeping the column liquid water constant would balance the warming due to CO 2 doubling in the atmosphere (Slingo 1990). Accurate determination of the droplet r

352

Cost of stockouts in the microprocessor business and its impact in determining the optimal service level/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to develop optimal inventory policies, it is essential to know the consequences of stockouts and the costs related to each kind of stockout; at Intel, however, such costs have not yet been quantified. The primary ...

Sonnet, Maria Claudia

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Determination and Mitigation of Precipitation Effects on Portal Monitor Gamma Background Levels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

count rate with selected me- teorological parameters measured at Haifa, Israel : : : : : : : : : : : 23 II Performance of algorithm on data from selected SLD sites. : : : : : : 27 III Metrics for performance of inverse model algorithm... as they are passed through the world?s transportation infrastruc- ture. The National Nuclear Security Administration?s (NNSA) Second Line of De- fense (SLD) Initiative and its daughter project, the Megaports Initiative, represent concerted efforts to do just that...

Revis, Stephen

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

354

Processing of bone samples for the determination of ultra low-levels of uranium and plutonium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have developed cleanroom compatible techniques for processing bone samples for ... dried and ashed in quartz crucibles placed inside cleanroom compatible thermal ashing furnaces. The bone ash...238U and 8 femt...

D. W. Efurd; R. E. Steiner; S. P. LaMont…

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Determination of diagnostic reference levels in general radiography in Latin America  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......International Action Plan on Radiation Protection...International Basic Safety Standards for Protection against...International Basic Safety Standards for Protection against...patients, in order to review their working protocols...and thickness) within standard values. For this purpose......

Susana Blanco; Patricia Mora; Narkiss Almonte; Tony Benavente; Nadja Benson; Daniel Blanco; Juan Cárdenas; Yolanda Defaz Gómez; Oscar Edding; Carolina Escobar; María Fonseca; Mirtha Gamarra; Juan García Aguilar; Helen Jamil Khoury; Ana Rosa Quintero; Norma Roas Zuniga; Edgar Zaire; Alejandro Nader

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

The determination of interference levels of temperature and humidity on continuous monitoring of diisocyanate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to standard conditions of 25 C and 760 mm Hg: Vs VX P X 760 T + 273 where: Vs V P T volume of air(L) 9 25 C and 760 mm Hg volume of air(L) as measured barometric pressure in mm Hg temperature of air in degree centrigrade Appendix p Equipment... of Analysis 28 Experimental Procedure . . . . . . . . . 29 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION ~ ~ ~ ~ 5 1 x1 Qmyz, IS rqw SPIC, 0 0 Qs PL 0-- T QX S CQQ l' t D g %70% S, Qg DD jJ D ~vSwg D( , ZS 2 4a 46 ~PP:"NDIX e ":xperimen+al Condi+ions fo" &umidity...

Ryan, Donald Arden

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

357

CONTEXTUAL- AND INDIVIDUAL-LEVEL DETERMINANTS OF POLITICAL TOLERANCE IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scholars of political tolerance have limited their investigations to the most developed democracies in the world, with few exceptions. This research seeks to redress this shortfall by analyzing tolerance for civil liberties across democracies...

Watkins, John

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

358

An Empirical Analysis of Energy Intensity and Its Determinants at the State Level  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that rising per capita income and higher energy prices have played an important part in lowering energy consumption to GDP ­ has long been of interest to energy researchers. Understanding the drivers of energy con. Efficiency refers to the reduced energy use per unit of economic activity within a particular sector (e

359

Processes operating at the level of individual organisms can determine the properties of populations, communities and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of populations, communities and ecosystems (e.g. Schoener, 1986; May et al., 1989); hence, biomechanics can that apply across taxa can permit us to understand and predict how organisms interact with their physical of environmental factors (e.g. water flow, biting predators, shoving neighbors) that impose mechanical loads

Koehl, Mimi

360

Determining Urea Levels in Exhaled Breath Condensate with Minimal Preparation Steps and Classic LC–MS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......two-way valve preventing inhaled air from passing through the condensing...Ansotegui I., et al. Climate change, air pollution and extreme events leading to increasing...A. Kinnetics of urea exchange in air-filled rat lungs. American Journal......

Masha Pitiranggon; Matthew S. Perzanowski; Patrick L. Kinney; Dongqun Xu; Steven N. Chillrud; Beizhan Yan

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Automated Algorithms for Quantum-Level Accuracy in Atomistic Simulations: LDRD Final Report.  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the result of LDRD project 12-0395, titled %22Automated Algorithms for Quantum-level Accuracy in Atomistic Simulations.%22 During the course of this LDRD, we have developed an interatomic potential for solids and liquids called Spectral Neighbor Analysis Poten- tial (SNAP). The SNAP potential has a very general form and uses machine-learning techniques to reproduce the energies, forces, and stress tensors of a large set of small configurations of atoms, which are obtained using high-accuracy quantum electronic structure (QM) calculations. The local environment of each atom is characterized by a set of bispectrum components of the local neighbor density projected on to a basis of hyperspherical harmonics in four dimensions. The SNAP coef- ficients are determined using weighted least-squares linear regression against the full QM training set. This allows the SNAP potential to be fit in a robust, automated manner to large QM data sets using many bispectrum components. The calculation of the bispectrum components and the SNAP potential are implemented in the LAMMPS parallel molecular dynamics code. Global optimization methods in the DAKOTA software package are used to seek out good choices of hyperparameters that define the overall structure of the SNAP potential. FitSnap.py, a Python-based software pack- age interfacing to both LAMMPS and DAKOTA is used to formulate the linear regression problem, solve it, and analyze the accuracy of the resultant SNAP potential. We describe a SNAP potential for tantalum that accurately reproduces a variety of solid and liquid properties. Most significantly, in contrast to existing tantalum potentials, SNAP correctly predicts the Peierls barrier for screw dislocation motion. We also present results from SNAP potentials generated for indium phosphide (InP) and silica (SiO 2 ). We describe efficient algorithms for calculating SNAP forces and energies in molecular dynamics simulations using massively parallel computers and advanced processor ar- chitectures. Finally, we briefly describe the MSM method for efficient calculation of electrostatic interactions on massively parallel computers.

Thompson, Aidan P.; Schultz, Peter A.; Crozier, Paul; Moore, Stan Gerald; Swiler, Laura Painton; Stephens, John Adam; Trott, Christian Robert; Foiles, Stephen M.; Tucker, Garritt J. (Drexel University)

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Coronal versus photospheric abundances of stars with different activity levels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report a detailed analysis of the coronal abundance of 4 stars with varying levels of activity and with accurately known photospheric abundances. The coronal abundance is determined here using a line flux analysis and a full determination of the differential emission measure. Photospheric abundance values are taken from literature works. Previous coronal abundance determinations have generally been compared to solar photospheric abundances; from this a number of general properties have been inferred, such as the presence of a coronal metal depletion with an inverse First Ionization Potential correlated with activity level. Here we show that, when coronal abundances are compared with real photospheric values for the individual stars, the resulting pattern can be very different. Also, we present evidence that, in some cases, the coronal metal abundance may not be uniform in the corona; in particular it can vary with the temperature of the emitting plasma.

J. Sanz-Forcada; F. Favata; G. Micela

2003-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

363

High temperature liquid level sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A length of metal sheathed metal oxide cable is perforated to permit liquid access to the insulation about a pair of conductors spaced close to one another. Changes in resistance across the conductors will be a function of liquid level, since the wetted insulation will have greater electrical conductivity than that of the dry insulation above the liquid elevation.

Tokarz, Richard D. (West Richland, WA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Method-level bug prediction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Researchers proposed a wide range of approaches to build effective bug prediction models that take into account multiple aspects of the software development process. Such models achieved good prediction performance, guiding developers towards those parts ... Keywords: code metrics, fine-grained source code changes, method-level bug prediction

Emanuel Giger; Marco D'Ambros; Martin Pinzger; Harald C. Gall

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

TERRORISM AT THE PLANT LEVEL  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

TERRORISM AT THE PLANT LEVEL ... IN THE DAYS FOLLOWING THE Sept. 11 terrorist attacks, chemical plant officials say they have increased security through greater plant surveillance, more guards, intense vehicle inspections, and plans to better coordinate security with similar facilities, fire departments, and police. ...

JEFF JOHNSON

2001-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

366

High accuracy electronic material level sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The High Accuracy Electronic Material Level Sensor (electronic dipstick) is a sensor based on time domain reflectometry (TDR) of very short electrical pulses. Pulses are propagated along a transmission line or guide wire that is partially immersed in the material being measured; a launcher plate is positioned at the beginning of the guide wire. Reflected pulses are produced at the material interface due to the change in dielectric constant. The time difference of the reflections at the launcher plate and at the material interface are used to determine the material level. Improved performance is obtained by the incorporation of: (1) a high accuracy time base that is referenced to a quartz crystal, (2) an ultrawideband directional sampler to allow operation without an interconnect cable between the electronics module and the guide wire, (3) constant fraction discriminators (CFDs) that allow accurate measurements regardless of material dielectric constants, and reduce or eliminate errors induced by triple-transit or ``ghost`` reflections on the interconnect cable. These improvements make the dipstick accurate to better than 0.1%. 4 figs.

McEwan, T.E.

1997-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

367

High accuracy electronic material level sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The High Accuracy Electronic Material Level Sensor (electronic dipstick) is a sensor based on time domain reflectometry (TDR) of very short electrical pulses. Pulses are propagated along a transmission line or guide wire that is partially immersed in the material being measured; a launcher plate is positioned at the beginning of the guide wire. Reflected pulses are produced at the material interface due to the change in dielectric constant. The time difference of the reflections at the launcher plate and at the material interface are used to determine the material level. Improved performance is obtained by the incorporation of: 1) a high accuracy time base that is referenced to a quartz crystal, 2) an ultrawideband directional sampler to allow operation without an interconnect cable between the electronics module and the guide wire, 3) constant fraction discriminators (CFDs) that allow accurate measurements regardless of material dielectric constants, and reduce or eliminate errors induced by triple-transit or "ghost" reflections on the interconnect cable. These improvements make the dipstick accurate to better than 0.1%.

McEwan, Thomas E. (Livermore, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Subwavelength atom localization via quantum coherence in a three-level atomic system  

SciTech Connect

We propose a three-level atomic system where quantum coherence is generated by a classical standing-wave field coupled to the two upper excited decaying levels. Quantum coherence results in cancellation of the spontaneously emitted spectral lines depending on the choice of the phase of the standing wave. We exploit this phenomenon for precision measurement of the atomic position in the standing wave. Measurement of the conditional position probability distribution shows one to eight peaks per unit wavelength of the standing wave. Only one controllable parameter, that is, the phase of the driving standing wave, is enough to control these atomic positions. Along with the other results, the result of obtaining a single peak is remarkable as it enhances the efficiency of our system by a factor of 8.

Ghafoor, Fazal [Centre for Quantum Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad (Pakistan)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

369

CX-007820: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

20: Categorical Exclusion Determination 20: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-007820: Categorical Exclusion Determination Routine Site Activities and Seismic Survey at Gnome-Coach Site, New Mexico CX(s) Applied: B1.3, B3.1 Date: 02/09/2012 Location(s): New Mexico Offices(s): Legacy Management The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is responsible for monitoring contaminant levels in groundwater from three groundwater monitoring wells at the Gnome-Coach, New Mexico Site. Two of the wells contain elevated levels of radionuclides and these samples are managed in accordance with the DOE Investigation-Derived Waste Plan. Activities related to the groundwater monitoring program include installing water access tubes and obtaining water levels each time the wells are sampled. CX-007820.pdf More Documents & Publications

370

CX-004614: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

14: Categorical Exclusion Determination 14: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-004614: Categorical Exclusion Determination Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma - Programs for Buildings and Facilities CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B5.1 Date: 09/24/2009 Location(s): Oklahoma Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program. The proposed actions would involve the establishment of a training program for tribal members with the intent of creating a small tribal work crew capable of performing weatherization upgrades and energy efficiency related improvements to tribal facilities and homes for the Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma. The training program will develop entry-level, mid-level, and skilled-level positions. The Tribes will contract for

371

A National Survey of Teachers' Promotion of Self-Determination and Student-Directed Learning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Students already have adequate self-determination skills 148 12 Someone else responsible for instruction in those areas 52 4 choice making, F(3, 1153) = 8.83, p < .0001; decision making, F(3, 1157) = 10.58, p < .0001; problem solving, F(3, 1152) = 11...., & Lawson, J. D. (1997). Next S.T E.P.: Student transition and educational planning. Austin, TX: PRO-ED. Hughes, C. (1992). Teaching self-instruction utilizing multiple exemplars to produce generalized problem-solving by individuals with severe mental...

Wehmeyer, Michael L.; Agran, Martin; Hughes, Carolyn

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Stable 3-level leapfrog integration in numerical relativity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The 3-level leapfrog time integration algorithm is an attractive choice for numerical relativity simulations since it is time-symmetric and avoids non-physical damping. In Newtonian problems without velocity dependent forces, this method enjoys the advantage of long term stability. However, for more general differential equations, whether ordinary or partial, delayed onset numerical instabilities can arise and destroy the solution. A known cure for such instabilities appears to have been overlooked in many application areas. We give an improved cure ("deloused leapfrog") that both reduces memory demands (important for 3+1 dimensional wave equations) and allows for the use of adaptive timesteps without a loss in accuracy. We show both that the instability arises and that the cure we propose works in highly relativistic problems such as tightly bound geodesics, spatially homogeneous spacetimes, and strong gravitational waves. In the gravitational wave test case (polarized waves in a Gowdy spacetime) the deloused leapfrog method was five to eight times less CPU costly at various accuracies than the implicit Crank-Nicholson method, which is not subject to this instability.

Kimberly C. B. New; Keith Watt; Charles W. Misner; Joan M. Centrella

1998-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

373

Noise Levels due to Trains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Some fifty freight and passenger trains were investigated at distances between 25 and 1000 ft. The decrease of sound?pressure levels with increasing distance indicates that whistles are to be considered as point sources but engines and track noise are line sources out to distances comparable with the lengths of the source. All engines showed a pure tone in the region of 100 cps and freight engines a second tone at about 300 cps when pulling hard. Otherwise freight engines showed little change in level whatever the operating conditions. Noise from passenger engines showed marked changes in level since they operate with much more exaggerated changes in power than freight engines. Track noise depends on the rolling stock—freight cars and run?of?the?mill passenger cars have very similar noise spectra whereas the deluxe cars used on “prestige trains” have spectra lying 10 to 20 db lower in all frequency bands. All the cars have coil springs but the latter alone have hydraulic shock absorbers.

T. F. W. Embleton; G. J. Thiessen

1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

CX-001420: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

20: Categorical Exclusion Determination 20: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-001420: Categorical Exclusion Determination Alum Innovative Exploration Project CX(s) Applied: B3.1, A9, B5.1 Date: 03/18/2010 Location(s): Nevada Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office Sierra Geothermal Power, Inc. would perform an exploration and drilling case study of the Alum geothermal resource. The goal of this project is to reduce the level of risk during the early stages of geothermal project development and to determine the combination of techniques that are most useful and cost-effective in identifying the geothermal resource. DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD CX-001420.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-004375: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-004822: Categorical Exclusion Determination

375

Federal Register Notice for the Waste Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Federal Register Notice for the Waste Determination Federal Register Notice for the Waste Determination Federal Register Notice for the Waste Determination Section 3116 of the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005 (NDAA) provides that certain waste from reprocessing spent nuclear fuel is not considered high-level waste (HLW) if the Secretary of Energy, in consultation with the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), determines that the waste meets the statutory criteria set forth in Section 3116(a). Federal Register Notice for the Waste Determination More Documents & Publications EIS-0287: Amended Record of Decision Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-296-B Rainbow Energy Marketing Corp: Federal Register Notice, Volume 77, No. 66 - April 4, 2012 SRS FTF Section 3116 Basis for Determination

376

SRS FTF Section 3116 Basis for Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FTF Section 3116 Basis for Determination FTF Section 3116 Basis for Determination SRS FTF Section 3116 Basis for Determination Basis for Section 3116 Determination for Closure of F-Tank Farm at the Savannah River Site. In accordance with NDAA Section 3116, certain waste from reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel is not high-level waste if the Secretary of Energy, in consultation with the NRC, determines that the criteria in NDAA Section 3116(a) are met. This FTF 3116 Basis Document shows that those criteria are satisfied, to support a determination that the Secretary may make pursuant to NDAA Section 3116. This FTF 3116 Basis Document concerns the stabilized residuals in waste tanks and ancillary structures, those waste tanks, and the ancillary structures (including integral equipment) at the SRS FTF at the time of closure.

377

CX-007766: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6: Categorical Exclusion Determination 6: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-007766: Categorical Exclusion Determination Reactor Upgrade Grant - Rhode Island Atomic Energy Commission CX(s) Applied: B2.2 Date: 11/28/2011 Location(s): Rhode Island Offices(s): Nuclear Energy, Idaho Operations Office The objectives of this project are to upgrade the Area Radiation Monitoring System and Confinement Air Handling System I&C with Opto-22 systems, add a Reactor Power Level Trend display that shows power trend data from each of the power level channels, and to replace the Control Rod Magnet Power Supplies and the Control Room Instrumentation Master Switch with new components. Microsoft Word - DOE-ID-11-013 Rhode Island EC.doc More Documents & Publications CX-007771: Categorical Exclusion Determination

378

CX-001015: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5: Categorical Exclusion Determination 5: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-001015: Categorical Exclusion Determination Integrated Direct Current (dc)-dc Conversion for Energy-Efficiency Multicore Microprocessors CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6 Date: 03/02/2010 Location(s): New York Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office Columbia University is proposing to use American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funding through Department of Energy to research methods to reduce energy consumption in future servers by addressing the power issue at the processor chip level rather than the motherboard level. Development will include design and prototype fabrication of the technologies. DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD CX-001015.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-001007: Categorical Exclusion Determination

379

Level structure of Fr215  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The structure of Fr215 has been studied via the Pb208 (11B, 4n?)215Fr reaction at beam energies from 45 to 66 MeV. In-beam ?-ray spectroscopy techniques, including ?-ray excitation function, x-ray-? coincidence, ?-? coincidence, ?-ray angular distribution, and ?-ray linear polarization measurements were used to construct a level scheme up to a spin value J=(41/2) at an excitation energy of 3405 keV. Definite parity assignments were made up to the (39/2)- state. The structure of this nucleus is compared with that observed in the other N=128 isotopes and predictions of shell model calculations.

M. W. Drigert; J. A. Cizewski; M. S. Rosenthal

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Policy Choice:Forest or Fuel? The demand for biofuels, driven by the desire to reduce fossil fuel use and CO2 emissions, has resulted in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Policy Choice:Forest or Fuel? The demand for biofuels, driven by the desire to reduce fossil fuel, combined with the expanded demand for biofuels, will result in higher food prices, since less land by using biofuels (vegetable oils). But the use of biofuels may not reduce CO2 emissions, even when

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

The Impact of the Item Types and Number of Solution Steps of Multiple-Choice Items on Item Difficulty and Discrimination and Test Reliability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Impact of the Item Types and Number of Solution Steps of Multiple-Choice Items on Item Difficulty and Discrimination and Test Reliability By Erkan Hasan Atalmis Submitted to the graduate degree program in the Department of Psychology... ________________________________ Bruce Frey ________________________________ Marianne Perie ________________________________ Argun Saatcioglu ________________________________ William Skorupski Date Defended: 5/5/14 The Dissertation Committee for Erkan Hasan...

Atalmis, Erkan Hasan

2014-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

382

Continental margin architecture : sea level and climate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

J. , 2006. Rapid sea-level rise and Holocene climate in theJ. , 2006. Rapid sea-level rise and Holocene climate in theJ. , 2006. Rapid sea-level rise and Holocene climate in the

Hill, Jenna Catherine

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

CHARACTERIZING UNCERTAIN SEA LEVEL RISE PROJECTIONS TO  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CHARACTERIZING UNCERTAIN SEA LEVEL RISE PROJECTIONS TO SUPPORT INVESTMENT DECISIONS Many institutions worldwide are considering how to include expectations about future sea level rise sea level rise in its investment plans? Such extreme events--for instance, increased storm frequency

384

ARM - Lesson Plans: Estimating Local Sea Level  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lesson Plans Lesson Plans: Estimating Local Sea Level Objective The objective is to train students' skills in observing the local environment based upon the sea level...

385

Obese and lean Zucker rats demonstrate differential sensitivity to rates of food reinforcement in a choice procedure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The obese Zucker rat carries two recessive fa alleles that result in the expression of an obese phenotype. Obese Zuckers have higher food intake than lean controls in free-feed studies in which rats have ready access to a large amount of one type of food. The present study examined differences in obese and lean Zucker rats using concurrent schedules of reinforcement, which more ecologically models food selection using two food choices that have limited, but generally predictable availability. Lever-pressing of ten lean (Fa/Fa or Fa/fa) and ten obese (fa/fa) Zucker rats was placed under three concurrent variable interval variable interval (conc VI VI) schedules of sucrose and carrot reinforcement, in which the programmed reinforcer ratios for 45-mg food pellets were 5:1, 1:1, and 1:5. Allocation of responses to the two food alternatives was characterized using the generalized matching equation, which allows sensitivity to reinforcer rates (a) and bias toward one alternative (log k) to be quantified. All rats showed a bias toward sucrose, though there were no differences between lean and obese Zucker rats. In addition, obese Zucker rats exhibited higher sensitivity to reinforcement rates than lean rats. This efficient pattern of responding was related to overall higher deliveries of food pellets. Effective matching for food, then, may be another behavioral pattern that contributes to an obese phenotype.

Jessica L. Buckley; Erin B. Rasmussen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Comparison of measured Concorde supersonic transport aircraft noise levels to regulatory levels and health and welfare criteria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A considerable quantity of measured noise level data has been collected for approach and take?off operations of the Anglo?French Concorde Supersonic Transport (SST) aircraft. The largest body of SST noise data has been obtained by the FAA at Dulles International Airport in Virginia and is generally in the form of maximum A?weighted noise level and Effective Perceived Noise Level. However during test flight operations at various airports in the U. S. (in Alaska California Texas and other states) noise data in the form of various noise rating scales including maximum A?weighted and C?weighted level single event noise exposure level (SENEL) perceived noise level (PNL) effective perceived noise level (EPNL) and others have been obtained. There is a requirement to compare the corresponding values of the various noise rating scales to determine ff there are consistent relationships (differences) between them so the noise levels in terms of one rating scale can be predicted from noise levels in the form of another rating scale. This is particularly important since most of the SST data collected is in terms of PNL or EPNL and the proposal in Congressman Glen Anderson's bill (HR 8729) to standardize all noise data to the average day?night level (L dn) will require converting to the SENEL scale. Therefore the available SST data were evaluated and summarized to provide a comparison to the FAA FAR 36 noise limits and to establish conversion factors for transferring from one noise rating scale to another.

S. R. Lane

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Transportation and disposal configuration for DOE-managed low-level and mixed low-level waste  

SciTech Connect

This report briefly examines the current U.S. Department of Energy complex-wide configuration for transportation and disposal of low-level and mixed low-level waste, and also retraces the historical sequence of events and rationale that has guided its development. The study determined that Nevada Test Site and the Hanford Site are the only two sites that currently provide substantial disposal services for offsite low-level waste generators. It was also determined that mixed low-level waste shipments are infrequent and are generally limited to shipments to offsite commercial treatment facilities or other Department of Energy sites for storage. The current alignment of generator to disposal site for low-level waste shipments is generally consistent with the programmatic mission of the generator; that is, defense-generated waste is shipped to the Nevada Test Site and research-generated waste is transported to the Hanford Site. The historical development of the current configuration was resurrected by retrieving Department of Energy documentation and interviewing both current and former department and contractor personnel. According to several accounts, the basic framework of the system was developed during the late 1970s, and was reportedly based on the ability of the disposal site to manage a given waste form. Documented evidence to support this reasoning, however, could not be uncovered.

Johnsen, T.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Ash bed level control system for a fixed-bed coal gasifier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ash level control system is provided which incorporates an ash level meter to automatically control the ash bed level of a coal gasifier at a selected level. The ash level signal from the ash level meter is updated during each cycle that a bed stirrer travels up and down through the extent of the ash bed level. The ash level signal is derived from temperature measurements made by thermocouples carried by the stirrer as it passes through the ash bed and into the fire zone immediately above the ash bed. The level signal is compared with selected threshold level signal to determine if the ash level is above or below the selected level once each stirrer cycle. A first counter is either incremented or decremented accordingly. The registered count of the first counter is preset in a down counter once each cycle and the preset count is counted down at a selected clock rate. A grate drive is activated to rotate a grate assembly supporting the ash bed for a period equal to the count down period to maintain the selected ash bed level. In order to avoid grate binding, the controller provides a short base operating duration time each stirrer cycle. If the ash bed level drops below a selected low level or exceeds a selected high level, means are provided to notify the operator.

Fasching, George E. (Morgantown, WV); Rotunda, John R. (Fairmont, WV)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Intangibility in intertemporal choice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...role of the pain of paying in real spending behaviour. In a project with Brian Knutson, Elliott Wimmer and Drazen Prelec (Knutson...eds D. D. Raphael A. L. Macfie). Indianapolis, IN: Liberty Fund. Smith, T.G 2004The McDonald's equilibrium: advertising...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Contract and Choice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

majority of credit card issuers do not utilize arbitration clauses, and by the end of 2010, the majority of credit card debt was not subject to such an agreement. Likewise, while the use of class waivers is widespread in arbitration clauses, most clauses...

Drahozal, Christopher R.; Rutledge, Peter B.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Planning for school choice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The image of the picturesque urban schoolhouse is increasingly becoming a thing of the past. City schools were viewed with fear or disdain. The urban school's image shifted to an unruly coop for 'dangerous' unteachable ...

Williams, Barika X. (Barika Xaviera)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Intangibility in intertemporal choice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...rather implicitly captured by prices, participants appear to rely...brains scanned, and replacing price with nutritional information...triple dollar sign indicates the price period; a triple question mark...D.E, Flory, J.D, de Wit, H, Manuck, S.B2006Preference...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Extended Synchronized Choice Nets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......specifications, validation, performance analysis, control code generation and simulation for discrete event systems such as...bridges across them violates R2. Note that it must be that ne1 ns2, i.e. they are in a circle to be sequential to each other......

Daniel Yuh Chao

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

The Relationship Between Leadership Level and Preference for Administrative Interview Questions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to determine whether administrators at differing levels (elementary, secondary and central office) had a preference for interview questions and composite scales designed to identify effective ...

Tulipana, Teresa Marie

2010-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

395

Maximum Photovoltaic Penetration Levels on Typical Distribution Feeders: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents simulation results for a taxonomy of typical distribution feeders with various levels of photovoltaic (PV) penetration. For each of the 16 feeders simulated, the maximum PV penetration that did not result in steady-state voltage or current violation is presented for several PV location scenarios: clustered near the feeder source, clustered near the midpoint of the feeder, clustered near the end of the feeder, randomly located, and evenly distributed. In addition, the maximum level of PV is presented for single, large PV systems at each location. Maximum PV penetration was determined by requiring that feeder voltages stay within ANSI Range A and that feeder currents stay within the ranges determined by overcurrent protection devices. Simulations were run in GridLAB-D using hourly time steps over a year with randomized load profiles based on utility data and typical meteorological year weather data. For 86% of the cases simulated, maximum PV penetration was at least 30% of peak load.

Hoke, A.; Butler, R.; Hambrick, J.; Kroposki, B.

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Aerodynamics at the Particle Level  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper is intended to clarify some of the rather well-known aerodynamic phenomena. It is also intended to pique the interest of the layman as well as the professional. All aerodynamic forces on a surface are caused by collisions of fluid particles with the surface. While the standard approach to fluid dynamics, which is founded on the fluid approximation, is effective in providing a means of calculating various behavior and properties, it begs the question of causality. The determination of the causes of many of the most important aerodynamic effects requires a microscopic examination of the fluid and of the surface with which it interacts. The Kutta-Joukowski theorem is investigated from first physical principles. It is noted that the circulation does not arise as a physical phenomenon. Various aerodynamic devices are discussed, e.g. rocket engine exhaust diffuser and the perfume atomizer.

Charles A. Crummer

2012-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

397

CX-010739: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

39: Categorical Exclusion Determination 39: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-010739: Categorical Exclusion Determination Golden State Solar Impact CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 Date: 08/15/2013 Location(s): California Offices(s): Golden Field Office The California Center for Sustainable Energy as part of its Golden State Solar Impact project would use DOE and cost share funding, as part of the Rooftop Solar Challenge II Cooperative Agreement, to leverage the knowledge, experience and relationships developed by California participants in Phase I Rooftop Solar Challenge to eliminate market barriers and reduce the soft costs related to the deployment of solar energy at the local government level. CX-010739.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-010757: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-010743: Categorical Exclusion Determination

398

CX-006668: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6668: Categorical Exclusion Determination 6668: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-006668: Categorical Exclusion Determination Restoration of T-6-3 CX(s) Applied: B1.3, B1.22, B1.28, B5.2, B5.4, B6.1 Date: 11/16/2009 Location(s): Casper, Wyoming Office(s): RMOTC We will be removing the treater and building. Taking the building to 25X14. Taking the treater to the scrap yard to cut up for scrap. Will remove the manifold building and take that to 25X14 also. The piping that goes along with this will be flushed and capped. Then we will blade and level location, till and seed with native species of plants and grasses. DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD CX-006668.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-006675: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-006693: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-006647

399

CX-001237: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7: Categorical Exclusion Determination 7: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-001237: Categorical Exclusion Determination Silver Peak Innovative Exploration Project CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.1, B5.1 Date: 03/15/2010 Location(s): Esmerelda County, Reno, Nevada Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office Sierra Geothermal Power, Inc. would perform an exploration and drilling case study of the Silver Peak geothermal resource. The goal of this project is to reduce the level of risk during the early stages of geothermal project development and to determine the combination of techniques that are most useful and cost-effective in identifying the geothermal resource. DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD CX-001237.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-001238: Categorical Exclusion Determination

400

CX-005924: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

924: Categorical Exclusion Determination 924: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-005924: Categorical Exclusion Determination Light Emitting Diode Lighting CX(s) Applied: B2.5, B5.1 Date: 05/13/2011 Location(s): Dover, Delaware Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Replacement of 71 high pressure sodium (HPS) lights, with 71 light emitting diode (LED) lights - LED lights provide savings of up to - 30% on electricity (over HPS). In addition, LED lights will reduce maintenance costs, have a longer service life, provide manageability of illumination levels, and focus light specifically where needed, reducing light pollution. DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD CX-005924.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-001765: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-003723: Categorical Exclusion Determination

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

CX-008747: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7: Categorical Exclusion Determination 7: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-008747: Categorical Exclusion Determination Developing the Currently Existing Nuclear Instrumentation and Radiation Research Laboratories at Alcorn State University CX(s) Applied: B1.2 Date: 05/21/2012 Location(s): Idaho Offices(s): Idaho Operations Office The goal of this Alcorn State University (ASU) project is to improve the existing basic level nuclear instrumentation laboratory and expand the radiation research laboratory with the ASU Health Physics department for research and training. This will be accomplished by purchasing radiation detectors. Microsoft Word - DOE-ID-12-014 Alcorn State.doc More Documents & Publications CX-007770: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-008745: Categorical Exclusion Determination

402

CX-001012: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

12: Categorical Exclusion Determination 12: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-001012: Categorical Exclusion Determination Energy Efficiency of Data Networks through Rate Adaptation CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6 Date: 03/02/2010 Location(s): New Jersey Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office Alcatel-Lucent USA is proposing to use American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funding through the Department of Energy to investigate and develop novel approaches to the design, management, and programming of networking equipment to achieve high levels of energy performance. DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD CX-001012.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-001011: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-001017: Categorical Exclusion Determination Advance Patent Waiver W(A)2010-038

403

CX-010398: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

398: Categorical Exclusion Determination 398: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-010398: Categorical Exclusion Determination Power Line Configuration CX(s) Applied: B4.13 Date: 04/25/2013 Location(s): Idaho Offices(s): Idaho Operations Office Based on recommendations by the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) Cultural Resource Management (CRM) Office, the route of the insulated cables on the ground has been changed. This project will install temporary distribution-level power lines between Materials and Fuels Complex (MFC) and Critical Infrastructure Test Range Complex (CITRC) to support research and development and testing using electric power infrastructure. CX-010398.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-010091: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-002580: Categorical Exclusion Determination

404

CX-010218: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

10218: Categorical Exclusion Determination 10218: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-010218: Categorical Exclusion Determination Sustainable Energy for Business Districts in China CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 Date: 02/14/2013 Location(s): California Offices(s): Golden Field Office The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is proposing to provide federal funding to Optony, Inc. Optony would deploy the Sustainable Energy for business Districts model to address China's surging urban energy needs and greenhouse gas emissions via a district-level energy efficiency and renewable energy and smart grid technology deployment strategy to inform project implementation and public policy development. CX-010218.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-007858: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-001294: Categorical Exclusion Determination

405

CX-001373: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1373: Categorical Exclusion Determination 1373: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-001373: Categorical Exclusion Determination Analytical Development Tritium Support Laboratory for Mass Spectroscopy, Infrared Spectroscopy, and Raman CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 03/10/2010 Location(s): Aiken, South Carolina Office(s): Environmental Management, Savannah River Operations Office Analytical Development Laboratory 773A C143/147 is a double lab module used to develop analytical instrumentation and support Hydrogen Technology and other groups requiring analytical measurements of samples with low levels of tritium or possible exposure to tritium. DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD CX-001373.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-004196: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-004212: Categorical Exclusion Determination

406

CX-002530: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

530: Categorical Exclusion Determination 530: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-002530: Categorical Exclusion Determination Modular Salt Processing (MSP) Mixing Studies CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 05/24/2010 Location(s): Aiken, South Carolina Office(s): Environmental Management, Savannah River Operations Office The Modular Salt Processing (MSP) Project seeks to deploy equipment to remove the cesium (Cs), strontium (Sr), and select actinides from the high level waste salt solutions using existing waste tanks for shielding. This process will be tested in Engineering Development Laboratory (EDL) using non-radioactive simulants. DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD CX-002530.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-005770: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-006642: Categorical Exclusion Determination

407

Technical Notes Determination of Condensed Tannin Monomers in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Technical Notes Determination of Condensed Tannin Monomers in Environmental Samples by Capillary Gas Chromatography of Acid Depolymerization Extracts Peter J. Hernes*, and John I. Hedges School-level quantification of condensed tannin is described that uses acid depolymerization and carbocation capture

Hernes, Peter J.

408

Multipass optical device and process for gas and analyte determination  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A torus multipass optical device and method are described that provide for trace level determination of gases and gas-phase analytes. The torus device includes an optical cavity defined by at least one ring mirror. The mirror delivers optical power in at least a radial and axial direction and propagates light in a multipass optical path of a predefined path length.

Bernacki, Bruce E. (Kennewick, WA)

2011-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

409

How to determine threat probabilities using ontologies and Bayesian networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are capable to reduce the risk to an acceptable level at the lowest possible costs. Risk is defined. The elaborated concepts enable risk managers to comprehensibly quantify the current security status Terms Security Keywords threat probability determination, risk management, infor- mation security 1

410

AVTA Voltec AC Level 1 and Level 2 Charging Systems Testing Results...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

AVTA Voltec AC Level 1 and Level 2 Charging Systems Testing Results AVTA Voltec AC Level 1 and Level 2 Charging Systems Testing Results The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced...

411

Lecture course on Sea level variations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

level rise from tide gauges "viewpoint of the solid Earth" "A tide staff" Rate is ~ 20 cm/century 7 Level rise between 1993 and 2010 by satellite ALTIMETRY Sea level is rising (by altimetry) "viewpoint of space" 1993-2010 8Friday, November 11, 2011 #12;Sea level will be rising (IPCC scenarios) Figure 11

Cerveny, Vlastislav

412

Ash level meter for a fixed-bed coal gasifier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ash level meter for a fixed-bed coal gasifier is provided which utilizes the known ash level temperature profile to monitor the ash bed level. A bed stirrer which travels up and down through the extent of the bed ash level is modified by installing thermocouples to measure the bed temperature as the stirrer travels through the stirring cycle. The temperature measurement signals are transmitted to an electronic signal process system by an FM/FM telemetry system. The processing system uses the temperature signals together with an analog stirrer position signal, taken from a position transducer disposed to measure the stirrer position to compute the vertical location of the ash zone upper boundary. The circuit determines the fraction of each total stirrer cycle time the stirrer-derived bed temperature is below a selected set point, multiplies this fraction by the average stirrer signal level, multiplies this result by an appropriate constant and adds another constant such that a 1 to 5 volt signal from the processor corresponds to a 0 to 30 inch span of the ash upper boundary level. Three individual counters in the processor store clock counts that are representative of: (1) the time the stirrer temperature is below the set point (500.degree. F.), (2) the time duration of the corresponding stirrer travel cycle, and (3) the corresponding average stirrer vertical position. The inputs to all three counters are disconnected during any period that the stirrer is stopped, eliminating corruption of the measurement by stirrer stoppage.

Fasching, George E. (Morgantown, WV)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

CX-008753: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Nuclear Instrumentation Upgrade for University of Missouri Research Reactor Power Level Monitoring – University of Missouri CX(s) Applied: B2.2 Date: 05/17/2012 Location(s): Idaho Offices(s): Idaho Operations Office

414

PTC, ITC, or Cash Grant? An Analysis of the Choice Facing Renewable Power Projects in the United States  

SciTech Connect

Renewable power technologies are inherently capital-intensive, often (but not always) with relatively high construction costs and low operating costs. For this reason, renewable power technologies are typically more sensitive to the availability and cost of financing than are natural gas power plants, for example. In the United States, the bulk of renewable project finance in recent years has been provided by 'tax equity investors' (typically large investment banks and insurance companies) who partner with project developers through highly specialized financing structures (Bolinger, 2009; Cory et al., 2008; Harper et al., 2007). These structures have been designed primarily to capitalize on federal support for renewable power technologies, which has historically come in the form of tax credits and accelerated depreciation deductions. The number of tax equity investors active in the renewable power market has declined precipitously, however, as a result of the financial crisis that began unfolding across the globe in the summer of 2008. The resulting shortage and increased cost of project financing has, in turn, slowed the development of new renewable power projects, leading to layoffs throughout the entire industry supply chain. In recognition of the fact that tax-based policy incentives are not particularly effective when tax burdens are shrinking or non-existent, Congress included several provisions in 'The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009' (ARRA 2009) designed to make federal incentives for renewable power technologies more useful. Among these provisions is one that allows projects eligible to receive the production tax credit ('the PTC', see Text Box 1) to instead elect the investment tax credit ('the ITC', see Text Box 2). Another provision enables ITC-eligible projects (which now include most PTC-eligible renewable power projects) to instead receive--for a limited time only--a cash grant of equivalent value. These two provisions (among others) could have a significant impact on how renewable power projects are financed over the next few years. The purpose of this report is to both quantitatively and qualitatively analyze, from the project developer/owner perspective, the choice between the PTC and the ITC (or equivalent cash grant) for a number of different renewable power technologies.1 Because the two credits are structured differently, and apply in different ways to different technologies, the choice between the two lends itself to quantitative financial analysis of the conditions under which either the PTC or the ITC would, at least in theory, provide greater financial value. Qualitative considerations may be equally important, however, particularly in instances where quantitative differences are modest. This report proceeds as follows. Section 2 provides a brief summary of ARRA 2009, with some emphasis on those provisions designed to ease the liquidity crisis facing the renewable power sector. Section 3 describes the quantitative analysis methodology, as well as modeling results for wind, open-loop biomass, closed-loop biomass, geothermal, and landfill gas projects. Section 4 discusses a number of qualitative considerations that may play as important of a role as quantitative results in deciding between the PTC and the ITC (or equivalent cash grant). Section 5 concludes, and an Appendix provides supplemental tables that present quantitative analysis results conducted at different discount rates.

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan; Cory, Karlynn; James, Ted

2009-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

415

Prospects for Doppler cooling of three-electronic-level molecules  

SciTech Connect

Analogous to the extension of laser cooling techniques from two-level to three-level atoms, Doppler cooling of molecules with an intermediate electronic state is considered. In particular, we use a rate-equation approach to simulate cooling of SiO{sup +}, in which population buildup in the intermediate state is prevented by its short lifetime. We determine that Doppler cooling of SiO{sup +} can be accomplished without optically repumping from the intermediate state, at the cost of causing undesirable parity flips and rotational diffusion. Since the necessary repumping would require a large number of continuous-wave lasers, optical pulse shaping of a femtosecond laser is proposed as an attractive alternative. Other candidate three-electron-level molecules are also discussed.

Nguyen, J. H. V.; Odom, B. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, Illinois 60208 (United States)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

416

NDAA Section 3116 Waste Determinations with Related Disposal Performance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NDAA Section NDAA Section 3116 Waste Determinations with Related Disposal Performance Assessments NDAA Section 3116 Waste Determinations with Related Disposal Performance Assessments Section 3116 of the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005 authorizes the Secretary of Energy, in consultation with the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, to reclassify certain waste from reprocessing spent nuclear fuel from high-level waste to low-level waste if it meets the criteria set forth in Section 3116. Section 3116 is currently only applicable to Idaho National Laboratory (INL) and the Savannah River Site (SRS). The other two DOE sites with similar waste (residuals remaining after cleaning out tanks and equipment that held liquid high-level waste)

417

National Mining Association Experimental Determination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

National Mining Association Experimental Determination of Radon Fluxes over Water #12;Introduction research funded by the National Mining Association (NMA) regarding radon fluxes from water surfaces surfaces at uranium recovery operations are insignificant and approximate background soil fluxes for most

418

Structure Determination of Echovirus 1  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the structure determination of echovirus 1, subtle interactions between crystallographic and non-crystallographic symmetries caused the space group to be ambiguous, but also allowed significant short cuts in the molecular-replacement calculations.

Filman, D.J.

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Structure determination of porcine haemoglobin  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To investigate a potential candidate material for making artificial red blood cells for supplement blood transfusion, the crystal structure of porcine haemoglobin was determined up to 1.8 ? resolution.

Lu, T.-H.

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Determining Cropland Share Rental Arrangements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many crop producers rely heavily on rented land in their farming operations. With this publication, they can learn more about determining crop shares and the principles of crop share leases....

Dhuyvetter, Kevin C.; Kastens, Terry L.; Outlaw, Joe

1999-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Determining the Appropriate Asset Allocation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Asset allocation largely determines the success of one's investments. This publication explains the different types of assets and how to choose the ones that best suit your goals and investment timeline....

Johnson, Jason; Polk, Wade

2002-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

422

CX-010493: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Determining Distribution Coefficients by Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (SERS) CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 05/14/2013 Location(s): South Carolina Offices(s): Savannah River Operations Office

423

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Minnesota | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

December 5, 2013 CX-011428: Categorical Exclusion Determination Staged, High-Pressure Oxy-Combustion Technology: Development and Scale-Up - Phase II CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 Date:...

424

Elementary Determinants for Electrical Engineers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... electrical engineering, determinants are useful, and Prof. Fleming showed many years ago how the resistances of networks can be computed by their means. The very complicated formulae which telephone ...

1923-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

425

CX-004455: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

455: Categorical Exclusion Determination 455: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-004455: Categorical Exclusion Determination Geotechnical Investigation for Idaho National Laboratory Remote-Handled Low-Level Waste Disposal CX(s) Applied: B3.1 Date: 11/12/2010 Location(s): Idaho Falls, Idaho Office(s): Nuclear Energy, Idaho Operations Office The proposed action would conduct geotechnical investigations at two 4-6 acre candidate sites for a Remote-Handled Low-Level Waste (RH LLW) Facility at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). One site is located southwest of the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR)-Complex and the other site is located west of and across Lincoln Boulevard from the Idaho Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) Disposal Facility (ICDF). DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD

426

CX-008744: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

44: Categorical Exclusion Determination 44: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-008744: Categorical Exclusion Determination Implementation of a Low-Level Gamma-Ray Counting Facility - University of Texas at Austin CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 05/22/2012 Location(s): Idaho Offices(s): Idaho Operations Office The prime objective of this University of Texas proposal is to implement a dedicated low-level background gamma-ray counting Compton suppression system for teaching and research. This will be accomplished by purchasing a HPGe low-background gamma ray detector, low-background streamline vertical cryostat, and additional associated equipment. Microsoft Word - DOE-ID-12-018 Texas.doc More Documents & Publications Grade Assignments for Models Used for Calibration of Gross-Count Gamma-Ray Logging Systems (December 1983)

427

CX-002021: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1: Categorical Exclusion Determination 1: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-002021: Categorical Exclusion Determination Adult Detention Facility Energy Conservation Projects - Day Light Sensors for Dimming Lights CX(s) Applied: B2.2, B2.5, B5.1 Date: 04/27/2010 Location(s): Lancaster County, Nebraska Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program. Daylight sensors currently exist in the design to allow lighting in some areas exposed to natural light to be shut off at a predetermined natural/exterior light level. Light fixtures in skylight areas are the fixtures currently being controlled by the daylight sensors. The control currently only allows for an "on/off" scenario. 0-10 volt dimming of the fixtures would allow for lighting levels to be decreased in proportion with the increase in natural

428

CX-006035: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

35: Categorical Exclusion Determination 35: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-006035: Categorical Exclusion Determination Idaho National Laboratory ? U.S. Geological Survey Geotechnical Drilling Program (USGS 131A) CX(s) Applied: B3.1 Date: 05/18/2011 Location(s): Idaho Office(s): Nuclear Energy, Idaho Operations Office The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) proposes to use an existing well pad to construct a replacement well, USGS131A, about 25 feet north of the original well head (USGS 131). USGS 131A will be drilled to about 1,300 feet below surface level (BSL) then instrumented with a multilevel monitoring system in fiscal year 2012. The new well will replace USGS 131, which will be abandoned or used as a water level monitoring well. USGS 131 has casing stuck in it that does not allow for multilevel instrumentation, therefore,

429

CX-006229: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9: Categorical Exclusion Determination 9: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-006229: Categorical Exclusion Determination Modification of the Multi-Purpose Building to Facilitate Storing Low-Level, Mixed Low Level and Transuranic Waste at the Transuranic Waste Processing Center on the Oak Ridge Reservation, Oak Ridge, Tennessee CX(s) Applied: B6.10 Date: 06/30/2011 Location(s): Oak Ridge, Tennessee Office(s): Science, Oak Ridge Office The Department of Energy Oak Ridge Office proposed activity is to modify the Multi-Purpose Building at the Transuranic Waste Processing Center to support waste storage in the south end of the building. Specific modifications needed include installation of a shield wall to protect workers who will be conducting activities in the north end of the building. DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD

430

Gender determination of avian embryo  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is a method for gender determination of avian embryos. During the embryo incubation process, the outer hard shells of eggs are drilled and samples of allantoic fluid are removed. The allantoic fluids are directly introduced into an ion mobility spectrometer (IMS) for analysis. The resulting spectra contain the relevant marker peaks in the positive or negative mode which correlate with unique mobilities which are sex-specific. This way, the gender of the embryo can be determined.

Daum, Keith A. (Idaho Falls, ID); Atkinson, David A. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

CX-011104: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Determination CX-011104: Categorical Exclusion Determination Coupled Thermo-Mechanical and Photo-Chemical Degradation Mechanisms that Determine the Reliability and...

432

Optimizing High Level Waste Disposal  

SciTech Connect

If society is ever to reap the potential benefits of nuclear energy, technologists must close the fuel-cycle completely. A closed cycle equates to a continued supply of fuel and safe reactors, but also reliable and comprehensive closure of waste issues. High level waste (HLW) disposal in borosilicate glass (BSG) is based on 1970s era evaluations. This host matrix is very adaptable to sequestering a wide variety of radionuclides found in raffinates from spent fuel reprocessing. However, it is now known that the current system is far from optimal for disposal of the diverse HLW streams, and proven alternatives are available to reduce costs by billions of dollars. The basis for HLW disposal should be reassessed to consider extensive waste form and process technology research and development efforts, which have been conducted by the United States Department of Energy (USDOE), international agencies and the private sector. Matching the waste form to the waste chemistry and using currently available technology could increase the waste content in waste forms to 50% or more and double processing rates. Optimization of the HLW disposal system would accelerate HLW disposition and increase repository capacity. This does not necessarily require developing new waste forms, the emphasis should be on qualifying existing matrices to demonstrate protection equal to or better than the baseline glass performance. Also, this proposed effort does not necessarily require developing new technology concepts. The emphasis is on demonstrating existing technology that is clearly better (reliability, productivity, cost) than current technology, and justifying its use in future facilities or retrofitted facilities. Higher waste processing and disposal efficiency can be realized by performing the engineering analyses and trade-studies necessary to select the most efficient methods for processing the full spectrum of wastes across the nuclear complex. This paper will describe technologies being evaluated at Idaho National Laboratory and the facilities we’ve designed to evaluate options and support optimization.

Dirk Gombert

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

ENERGY LEVELS AND SPECTRAL LINES OF SINGLY IONIZED MANGANESE (Mn II)  

SciTech Connect

This compilation revises the previously recommended list of energy levels of singly ionized manganese (Mn II) and provides a comprehensive list of observed spectral lines and transition probabilities in this spectrum. The new level optimization takes into account critically assessed uncertainties of measured wavelengths and includes about a hundred high-precision wavelengths determined by laser spectroscopy and Fourier transform techniques. Uncertainties of 63% of energy levels and 74% of Ritz wavelengths are reduced by a factor of three on average.

Kramida, Alexander; Sansonetti, Jean E. [National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD 20899 (United States)] [National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD 20899 (United States)

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

County, CA. RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

access road maintenance access road maintenance and replacement of down guy wlfes and guy anchors on structure16/5 on the existing (Army Tap) Gila-Senator Wash 69-kV T.L. in Imperial County, CA. RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION A. Proposed Action: Western proposes to conduct maintenance on access roads leading to structure 16/5 of the Gila-Senator Wash 69kV Transmission Line. All work will be done along existing access roads. This will consist of blading and leveling out areas of the existing access road using dozers, bucket trucks, crew trucks and pickup trucks. A backhoe will be used during replacement of the anchor guy and down guys, This work is necessary to maintain the safety and reliability of the bulk electrical system. The attached map shows the project area situated within Section 5 Township 15

435

On EPR-type Entanglement in the Experiments of Scully et Al. II. Insight in the Real Random Delayed-choice Erasure Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It was pointed out in the first part of this study that EPR-type entanglement is defined by the possibility of performing any of two mutually incompatible distant, i. e.,direct-interaction-free, measurements. They go together under the term 'EPR-type disentanglement'. In this second part, quantum-mechanical insight is gained in the real random delayed-choice erasure experiment of Kim et al. [Kim et al.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 1-5 (2000)] by a relative-reality-of- unitarily-evolving-state (RRUES) approach (explained in the first part). Finally, it is shown that this remarkable experiment, which performs, by random choice, two incompatible measurements at the same time, is actually an EPR-type disentanglement experiment, closely related to the micromaser experiment discussed in the first part.

Fedor Herbut

2008-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

436

CX-012303: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-012303: Categorical Exclusion Determination Post Combustion Carbon Capture Using Polyethylenimine (PEI) Functionalized Titanate Nanotubes CX(s)...

437

CX-007854: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-007854: Categorical Exclusion Determination Streamlining Solar Standards & Processes: The Southern California Rooftop Solar Challenge CX(s)...

438

CX-000292: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-000292: Categorical Exclusion Determination A Novel Biogas Desulphurization Sorbent Technology for Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell - Based Combined...

439

CX-000293: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-000293: Categorical Exclusion Determination A Novel Biogas Desulphurization Sorbent Technology for Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell - Based Combined...

440

CX-000294: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-000294: Categorical Exclusion Determination A Novel Biogas Desulphurization Sorbent Technology for Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell- Based Combined...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

CX-001996: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-001996: Categorical Exclusion Determination Oklahoma State Energy Program (SEP) American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) - Washita...

442

CX-001998: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-001998: Categorical Exclusion Determination Oklahoma State Energy Program (SEP) American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) - Shawnee...

443

CX-004730: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-004730: Categorical Exclusion Determination Oklahoma State Energy Program American Recovery and Reinvestment Act - Oklahoma Municipal...

444

CX-007573: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-007573: Categorical Exclusion Determination Oklahoma State Energy Program American Recovery and Reinvestment Act - Oklahoma Municipal...

445

CX-008602: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-008602: Categorical Exclusion Determination Oklahoma State Energy Program- Oklahoma Municipal Power Authority Large Systems Request AO...

446

CX-007412: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-007412: Categorical Exclusion Determination OKLAHOMA State Energy Program American Recovery and Reinvestment Act - Oklahoma Municipal...

447

CX-009009: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-009009: Categorical Exclusion Determination "Oklahoma State Energy Program American Recovery and Reinvestment Act - Oklahoma Municipal...

448

CX-000771: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-000771: Categorical Exclusion Determination New York Revised Narrative Information Worksheet for Energy Efficiency Program for...

449

CX-012223: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

& Publications CX-012402: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-012224: Categorical Exclusion Determination National Offshore Wind Energy Grid Interconnection Study (NOWEGIS)...

450

CX-001459: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-001459: Categorical Exclusion Determination Air Quality VIII: An International Conference on Carbon Management, Mercury, Trace Elements,...

451

CX-012136: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-012136: Categorical Exclusion Determination Distributed Fiber Optic Arrays: Integrated Temperature and Seismic Sensing for Detection of Carbon...

452

CX-011013: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-011013: Categorical Exclusion Determination Distributed Fiber Optic Arrays: Integrated Temperature and Seismic Sensing for Detection of Carbon...

453

CX-011017: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-011017: Categorical Exclusion Determination Distributed Fiber Optic Arrays: Integrated Temperature and Seismic Sensing for Detection of Carbon...

454

CX-006140: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-006140: Categorical Exclusion Determination Revised Market Title for Energy Efficiency Program for Municipalities, Schools, Hospitals, Public...

455

CX-000669: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

69: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-000669: Categorical Exclusion Determination Illinois Energy Conservation Plan for State Facilities - Capital Development Board Projects...

456

CX-000670: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

70: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-000670: Categorical Exclusion Determination Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant State of Illinois Categorical Exclusion...

457

CX-009310: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-009310: Categorical Exclusion Determination Optimization of Reservoir Storage Capacity in Different Depositional Environments (Rock...

458

CX-001473: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-001473: Categorical Exclusion Determination Direct Coal Liquefaction Process Development Date: 04022010 Location(s): Grand Forks, North...

459

CX-003975: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-003975: Categorical Exclusion Determination State Energy Program - American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Green Jobs Training Program -...

460

CX-011555: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Determination CX-011555: Categorical Exclusion Determination Managing Zirconium Chemistry and Phase Compatibility in Combined Process Separations for Minor Actinide...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Determine Institutional Change Sustainability Goals | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Determine Institutional Change Sustainability Goals Determine Institutional Change Sustainability Goals Institutional Change Continuous Improvement Cycle The first step in the...

462

CX-002556: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-002556: Categorical Exclusion Determination Technical Consultant Services to Assist City In Development of Energy Efficiency and Conservation...

463

CX-001278: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-001278: Categorical Exclusion Determination Energy Efficiency (EE) and Conservation Strategy, Technical Consultant, Revolving Loan...

464

CX-011610: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Determination CX-011610: Categorical Exclusion Determination Mission Support Alliance Annual Categorical Exclusion for Training Exercises and Simulations under 10 CFR...

465

CX-011607: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Determination CX-011607: Categorical Exclusion Determination Mission Support Alliance Annual Categorical Exclusion for Air Conditioning Systems for Existing Equipment...

466

CX-011598: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Determination CX-011598: Categorical Exclusion Determination Mission Support Alliance Annual Categorical Exclusion for Building and Equipment Instrumentation under 10 CFR...

467

CX-009661: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Determination CX-009661: Categorical Exclusion Determination Mission Support Alliance Annual Categorical Exclusion for Installation or Relocation of Machinery and...

468

CX-009664: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Determination CX-009664: Categorical Exclusion Determination Mission Support Alliance Annual Categorical Exclusion for Routine Maintenance and Custodial Services under 10...

469

CX-011602: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Determination CX-011602: Categorical Exclusion Determination Mission Support Alliance Annual Categorical Exclusion for Disconnection of Utilities under 10 CFR 1021,...

470

CX-011601: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Determination CX-011601: Categorical Exclusion Determination Mission Support Alliance Annual Categorical Exclusion for Installation or Relocation of Machinery and...

471

CX-011597: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Determination CX-011597: Categorical Exclusion Determination Mission Support Alliance Annual Categorical Exclusion for Facility Safety and Environmental Improvements under...

472

CX-011608: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Determination CX-011608: Categorical Exclusion Determination Mission Support Alliance Annual Categorical Exclusion for Routine Maintenance and Custodial Services under 10...

473

CX-009657: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Determination CX-009657: Categorical Exclusion Determination "Mission Support Alliance Annual Categorical Exclusion for Site Characterization and Environmental Monitoring...

474

CX-009656: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Determination CX-009656: Categorical Exclusion Determination Mission Support Alliance Annual Categorical Exclusion for Facility Safety and Environmental Improvements...

475

CX-011596: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Determination CX-011596: Categorical Exclusion Determination Mission Support Alliance Annual Categorical Exclusion for Site Characterization and Environmental Monitoring...

476

CX-009662: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Determination CX-009662: Categorical Exclusion Determination Mission Support Alliance Annual Categorical Exclusion for Training Exercises and Simulations under 10 CFR...

477

CX-009655: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Determination CX-009655: Categorical Exclusion Determination Mission Support Alliance Annual Categorical Exclusion for Building and Equipment Instrumentation under 10 CFR...

478

CX-011604: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Determination CX-011604: Categorical Exclusion Determination Mission Support Alliance Annual Categorical Exclusion for Polychlorinated Biphenyl Removal under 10 CFR 1021,...

479

CX-009668: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Determination CX-009668: Categorical Exclusion Determination Mission Support Alliance Annual Categorical Exclusion for Polychlorinated Biphenyl Removal under 10 CFR 1021,...

480

A Comparison of Transjugular and Plugged-Percutaneous Liver Biopsy in Patients with Contraindications to Ordinary Percutaneous Liver Biopsy and an 'In-House' Protocol for Selecting the Procedure of Choice  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of transjugular liver biopsy (TJLB) and plugged-percutaneous liver biopsy (PB) in consecutive patients with severe liver disease associated with impaired coagulation, ascites, or both and to verify the in-house protocol used to select the appropriate procedure. In 2000-2006, 329 patients (208 male [62.8%] and 121 female [37.2%]), aged 1 month to 81 years (mean, 46.8 years), underwent 150 TJLBs (39.1%) or 233 PBs (60.9%) procedures at a major tertiary center, as determined by an in-house protocol. The groups were compared for specimen characteristics, technical success, and complications. Technical success rates were 97.4% for TJLB (146/150) and 99.1% for PB (231/233). TJLB was associated with a lower average core length (1.29 vs. 1.43 cm) and lower average number of specimens obtained (2.44 vs. 2.8), but both methods yielded sufficient tissue for a definitive diagnosis. There were no major complications in either group. TJLB and PB can be safely and effectively performed for the diagnosis of hepatic disease in patients with contraindications for standard percutaneous liver biopsy. When both are technically available, we suggest PB as the procedure of choice, especially in transplanted livers.

Atar, Eli, E-mail: Atareli@hotmail.co [Hasharon Hospital, Vascular and Interventional Units, Department of Diagnostic Radiology (Israel); Ben Ari, Ziv [Beilinson Hospital, Liver Institute (Israel); Bachar, Gil N.; Amlinski, Yelena; Neyman, Chaim [Hasharon Hospital, Vascular and Interventional Units, Department of Diagnostic Radiology (Israel); Knizhnik, Michael; Litvin, Sergey [Beilinson Hospital, Vascular and Interventional Units, Department of Diagnostic Radiology (Israel); Schmilovitz-Weiss, Hemda [Hasharon Hospital, Gastroenterology Unit (Israel); Shapiro, Riki [Institute of Gastroenterology, Rabin Medical Center, Unit of Liver Transplantation (Israel); Bruckhaimer, Elchanan [Schneider Children Medical Center, Department of Pediatric Cardiology (Israel); Tur-Kaspa, Ran [Beilinson Hospital, Department of Internal Medicine (Israel); Belenky, Alexander [Beilinson Hospital, Vascular and Interventional Units, Department of Diagnostic Radiology (Israel)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level choice determines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Expanding scope of hybrid choice models allowing for mixture of social influences and latent attitudes: Application to intended purchase of electric cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Recently, policy makers’ expectations about the role of electric cars in reducing emissions have risen substantially. In parallel, academic research on purchase intentions has dramatically increased. Originally, most studies have focused on utility attributes and price. More recently, several hybrid choice models have been estimated to include the impact of attitudes on choice probabilities. In addition, a few studies have caught the attention to social influence. In contributing to this line of research, this paper reports the results of an expanded hybrid choice, which simultaneously estimated all these different effects in a single integrated model of purchase intention. Results indicate that the model performs well. Costs considerations contribute most to the utility of electric cars. Social influence is less important, but there is also evidence that people tend to take it into consideration when there are positive public opinions about electric cars and the market share becomes almost half of friends of their social network. The intention to purchase an electric car is also influenced by attitudes about environmental concerns and technology acceptance.

Jinhee Kim; Soora Rasouli; Harry Timmermans

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

A public choice view on the climate and energy policy mix in the EU — How do the emissions trading scheme and support for renewable energies interact?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper, we analyze the rationale for an energy policy mix when the European Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) is considered from a public choice perspective. That is, we argue that the economic textbook model of the ETS implausibly assumes (1) efficient policy design and (2) climate protection as the single objective of policy intervention. Contrary to these assumptions, we propose that the ETS originates from a political bargaining game within a context of multiple policy objectives. In particular, the emissions cap is negotiated between regulators and emitters with the emitters' abatement costs as crucial bargaining variable. This public choice view yields striking implications for an optimal policy mix comprising RES supporting policies. Whereas the textbook model implies that the ETS alone provides sufficient climate protection, our analysis suggests that support for renewable energies (1) contributes to a more effective ETS-design and (2) may even increase the overall efficiency of climate and energy policy if other externalities and policy objectives besides climate protection are considered. Thus, our analysis also shows that a public choice view not necessarily entails negative evaluations concerning efficiency and effectiveness of a policy mix.

Erik Gawel; Sebastian Strunz; Paul Lehmann

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

How the choice of multi-gas equivalency metrics affects mitigation options: The case of CO2 capture in a Brazilian coal-fired power plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study shows how the assessment of emissions reductions from CO2 capture is critically dependent on the choice of multi-gas equivalency metric and climate impact time horizon. This has implications for time-sensitive mitigation policies, in particular when considering relative impact of short-lifetime gases. CO2, CH4 and N2O emissions from a coal-fired power plant in Brazil are used to estimate and compare the CO2-equivalent emissions based on standard practice global warming potentials GWP-100 with the less common GWP-50 and variable GWP for impact target years 2050 and 2100. Emission reductions appear lower for the variable metric, when the choice of target year is critical: 73% in 2100 and 60% in 2050. Reductions appear more favorable using a metric with a fixed time horizon, where the choice of time horizon is important: 77% for GWP-100 and 71% for GWP-50. Since CH4 emissions from mining have a larger contribution in the total emission of a plant with capture compared to one without, different perspectives on the impact of CH4 are analyzed. Use of variable GWP implies that CH4 emissions appear 39% greater in 2100 than with use of fixed GWP and 91% greater in 2050.

Maria Cecilia P. Moura; David A. Castelo Branco; Glen P. Peters; Alexandre Salem Szklo; Roberto Schaeffer

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Determinants of Hospital's Financial Liquidity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The purpose of the articles is to identify key factors that may affect the level of hospital's liquidity ratio. We’ve posed four research hypotheses, assuming that, the level of financial liquidity in hospitals depends on several factors (number of beds, annual income per bed, profitability ratios, debt ratio). We’ve found that: 1) there is a positive relationship between debt ratio and liquidity and profitability ratio and liquidity 2) the relationship between the size of the hospital and the financial liquidity is not statistically significant. In the study we’ve use statistical tools: Pearson's correlation coefficient, T-Student's test with Cohran-Cox's correction.

Agnieszka Bem; Katarzyna Pr?dkiewicz; Pawe? Pr?dkiewicz; Paulina Ucieklak-Je?

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Microsoft Word - CERTIFICATION LEVEL REQUIREMENTS.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CERTIFICATION LEVEL CERTIFICATION LEVEL The CEG is intended to provide program secretarial officers and field element managers (including operations offices, site offices, area offices, project offices, and service centers) with the requirements and guidelines for evaluating PMCDP candidate competencies and requests for equivalencies at all four certification levels and continuing education. Persons planning to be certified under the PMCDP may attain certification levels with the following total project cost (TPC) limits: * Certification Level 4: TPC exceeding $400 million (M) * Certification Level 3: TPC greater than $100M and equal to or less than $400M * Certification Level 2: TPC greater than $20M and equal to or less than $100M * Certification Level 1: TPC greater than $5M and equal to or less than $20M

486

High Level Waste System Plan Revision 9  

SciTech Connect

Revision 9 of the High Level Waste System Plan documents the current operating strategy of the HLW System at SRS to receive, store, treat, and dispose of high-level waste.

Davis, N.R.; Wells, M.N.; Choi, A.S.; Paul, P.; Wise, F.E.

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

A=4-20 Level Diagrams (EPS)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EPS format The Image Map below will direct you to the most recent, updated Energy Level Diagram for that particular nuclide. To view previous Energy Level Diagrams from past...

488

ARM - Sea Level and Climate Change  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

if severe storms such as hurricanes and typhoons become more frequent. Statistics on Sea Level Rise According to many studies, the global mean sea level may have risen by one or...

489

State Level Analysis of Industrial Energy Use  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Most analyses of industrial energy use have been conducted at the national level, in part because of the difficulties in dealing with state level data. Unfortunately, this provides a distorted view of the industrial sector for state and regional...

Elliott, R. N.; Shipley, A. M.; Brown, E.

490

Determining solar abundances using helioseismology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The recent downward revision of solar photospheric abundances of Oxygen and other heavy elements has resulted in serious discrepancies between solar models and solar structure as determined through helioseismology. In this work we investigate the possibility of determining the solar heavy-element abundance without reference to spectroscopy by using helioseismic data. Using the dimensionless sound-speed derivative in the solar convection zone, we find that the heavy element abundance, Z, of 0.0172 +/- 0.002, which is closer to the older, higher value of the abundances.

H. M. Antia; Sarbani Basu

2006-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

491

How Wyandotte Pluronics improve dye leveling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In fact, they are outstanding for their effectiveness in scouring without sudsing excessively. ... Improve leveling of wool dyes ...

1955-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

492

CX-002189: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9: Categorical Exclusion Determination 9: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-002189: Categorical Exclusion Determination Cedar Hill's Preliminary "City Center" Transit Oriented Development Study CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B5.1 Date: 04/30/2010 Location(s): Cedar Hill, Texas Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program. The primary objective of the City Center Transit Oriented Development study is to conduct a high-level planning effort to determine the City's vision for the area, define expected outcomes and constraints, and lay out an implementation plan for future efforts. The next phase will focus on future land use and zoning enhanced mobility and connectivity, and supportive infrastructure. Citizens and City staff will also be able to take part and

493

Categorical Exclusion (CX) Determinations By Date | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5, 2012 5, 2012 CX-007886: Categorical Exclusion Determination Development of a 300°C, 200 level, 3C Fiber Optic Downhole Seismic Receiver Array for Surveying and Monitoring of Geothermal Reservoirs CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6, B3.11 Date: 01/25/2012 Location(s): California Offices(s): Golden Field Office January 25, 2012 CX-007819: Categorical Exclusion Determination Yellowtail Dam Tie Lines CX(s) Applied: B2.5, B4.6 Date: 01/25/2012 Location(s): Montana Offices(s): Western Area Power Administration-Rocky Mountain Region January 25, 2012 CX-007596: Categorical Exclusion Determination Ohio Advanced Transportation Partnership CX(s) Applied: B5.23 Date: 01/25/2012 Location(s): Ohio Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory January 24, 2012 CX-008675: Categorical Exclusion Determination

494

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: A1 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

23, 2010 23, 2010 CX-003466: Categorical Exclusion Determination Building-Level Energy Management Systems CX(s) Applied: A1, A9, A11, B5.1 Date: 08/23/2010 Location(s): Niskayuna, New York Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory August 23, 2010 CX-003579: Categorical Exclusion Determination Tree Farm CX(s) Applied: A1, B5.1 Date: 08/23/2010 Location(s): Haltom, Texas Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy August 23, 2010 CX-003577: Categorical Exclusion Determination Building Retrofits CX(s) Applied: A1, B2.2, B5.1 Date: 08/23/2010 Location(s): Haltom, Texas Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy August 23, 2010 CX-003576: Categorical Exclusion Determination Energy Efficiency and Conservation Strategy (EECS)

495

CX-005884: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

84: Categorical Exclusion Determination 84: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-005884: Categorical Exclusion Determination Routine Monitoring, Maintenance, General Site, and Administrative Actions at the Tuba City, Arizona, Site CX(s) Applied: B1.3, B1.11, B3.1 Date: 05/05/2011 Location(s): Tuba City, Arizona Office(s): Legacy Management This determination form provides the results of evaluating potential impacts related to routine monitoring of groundwater and extraction wells and actions related to well sampling, such as taking water level measurements. In addition, various maintenance activities may occur as scheduled and unscheduled actions. These may include remediation system upgrades or repairs, the installation or repair of site fences, potential repair of equipment related to the treatment system, and replenishment of

496

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Golden Field Office | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

March 14, 2013 March 14, 2013 CX-010255: Categorical Exclusion Determination Home Energy Score Partner Implementation Model CX(s) Applied: A9 Date: 03/14/2013 Location(s): Washington Offices(s): Golden Field Office March 14, 2013 CX-010247: Categorical Exclusion Determination Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant- Fort Lauderdale, Florida CX(s) Applied: B5.1, B5.16, B5.18, B5.23 Date: 03/14/2013 Location(s): Florida Offices(s): Golden Field Office March 14, 2013 CX-010245: Categorical Exclusion Determination Development of a 300 Degree, 200 Level, 3C Fiber Optic Downhole Seismic Receiver Array for Surveying and Monitoring of Geothermal Reservoirs CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6 Date: 03/14/2013 Location(s): California Offices(s): Golden Field Office March 9, 2013 CX-010270: Categorical Exclusion Determination

497

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: New Mexico | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

November 3, 2010 November 3, 2010 CX-004734: Categorical Exclusion Determination Low-Level Mixed Waste Shipments in Fiscal Year 2011 CX(s) Applied: B1.30 Date: 11/03/2010 Location(s): New Mexico Office(s): Sandia Site Office November 3, 2010 CX-004359: Categorical Exclusion Determination New Mexico-Tribe-Santa Ana Pueblo CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 11/03/2010 Location(s): Santa Ana Pueblo, New Mexico Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy November 3, 2010 CX-004358: Categorical Exclusion Determination New Mexico-Tribe-Pueblo of Laguna Utility Authority CX(s) Applied: A9, B2.5, B5.1 Date: 11/03/2010 Location(s): Laguna, New Mexico Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy November 1, 2010 CX-004731: Categorical Exclusion Determination 858 Limited Area Expansion CX(s) Applied: B1.11, B1.13

498

CX-003970: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

70: Categorical Exclusion Determination 70: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-003970: Categorical Exclusion Determination Repair Text Duct Leak/Drill Hole for Camera CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 08/19/2010 Location(s): Aiken, South Carolina Office(s): Savannah River Operations Office A Non-conformance Report 2010-NCR-30-009 was issued to document a small leak on the east face of the 772-F Main Exhaust temporary exhaust treatment (TEXT) duct near grade level. The TEXT duct is a functional class Safety Significant (SS) and is under vacuum. Several inches of top soil may need to be removed and set aside to determine the extent of the defect. Design change M-DCF-F-04398 will repair the small leak and also drill a 3-1/2 inch diameter inspection port to enable video camera inspection of the TEXT duct

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CX-008727: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7: Categorical Exclusion Determination 7: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-008727: Categorical Exclusion Determination Materials and Fuel Complex - Sodium Processing Facility Tank System Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Closure CX(s) Applied: B6.1 Date: 06/27/2012 Location(s): Idaho Offices(s): Idaho Operations Office The Sodium Process Facility tank systems and associated piping and components will be closed in compliance with the Hazardous Waste Management Act/Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (HWMA/RCRA) SPF/SSS Permit. The clean-closure action levels will be achieved by removal and/or decontaminating or treating waste residues in the SPF tanks systems and the SSS piping/components. Microsoft Word - ICP CX determinaton.doc More Documents & Publications CX-000681: Categorical Exclusion Determination

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CX-005885: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5885: Categorical Exclusion Determination 5885: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-005885: Categorical Exclusion Determination Routine Monitoring, Maintenance, Geoprobe Well Installation, and Administrative Actions at the Ambrosia Lake, New Mexico, Disposal Site CX(s) Applied: B1.3, B3.1 Date: 05/17/2011 Location(s): Ambrosia Lake, New Mexico Office(s): Legacy Management This determination form provides the results of an evaluation of potential impacts related to routine monitoring of groundwater wells, or to actions related to the monitoring process, such as well development, obtaining water level readings, sampling groundwater monitor wells, or collecting data from various field instruments. In addition, impacts related to various maintenance and general site actions were evaluated. These actions