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1

Fiber-optic liquid level sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fiber-optic liquid level sensor measures the height of a column of liquid through the hydrostatic pressure it produces. The sensor employs a fiber-optic displacement sensor to detect the pressure-induced displacement of the center of a corrugated diaphragm.

Weiss, Jonathan D. (Albuquerque, NM)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Incidence of ischemic stroke according to income level among older people: the 3C study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Incidence of ischemic stroke according to income level among older people: the 3C study Olivier 26 25. Email: olivier.grimaud@ehesp.fr Abstract Background Stroke has been shown to follow a social between socioeconomic status and ischemic stroke risk amongst older people. Setting The Cities of Bordeaux

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

3

C3c concentrations in sera of persons living in areas with different levels of air pollution in Northrhine-Westphalia (Federal Republic of Germany)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A number of air pollutants is known to affect the immune system resulting in alterations of the complement activity in serum. We determined the levels of C3c, one of the activation products of the component C3, in serum samples obtained from various population groups living in areas with different levels of air pollution in Northrhine-Westphalia (FRG). The results show that the serum C3c levels tend to be increased in subjects living in areas with elevated levels of air pollution. By applying a linear regression model it can be demonstrated that a significant part of the variance of the C3c concentrations is explained by the residence area factor after making allowance for the effect of various confounders. The increase of the serum C3c concentrations appears to result from an increased activation of the complement component C3. The underlying mechanisms as well as the pathophysiological significance of these findings are unknown.

Stiller-Winkler, R.; Kraemer, U.F.; Fiedler, E.; Ewers, U.; Dolgner, R.

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Power Scaling of Tm:fiber Lasers to the kW Level Peter F. Moulton  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power Scaling of Tm:fiber Lasers to the kW Level Peter F. Moulton Q-Peak, Inc. CREOL Industrial · Fundamentals of Tm:silica fiber lasers · Fiber laser setup and results Support: HEL-JTO Contract Nos. FA9451, Nufern: Gavin Frith, Bryce Samson, Adrian Carter #12;Relative eye safety is obtained for > 1400-nm

Van Stryland, Eric

5

DEVELOPMENT OF A 400 LEVEL 3C CLAMPED DOWNHOLE SEISMIC RECEIVER ARRAY FOR 3D BOREHOLE SEISMIC IMAGING OF GAS RESERVOIRS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Borehole seismology is the highest resolution geophysical imaging technique available to the oil and gas industry for characterization and monitoring of oil and gas reservoirs. However, the industry's ability to economically do high resolution 3D imaging of deep and complex gas reservoirs using borehole seismology is currently frustrated by the lack of the acquisition technology necessary to record the large volumes of the high frequency, high signal-to-noise-ratio borehole seismic data needed to do 3D imaging. This proposal takes direct aim at this shortcoming. P/GSI is developing a 400 level 3C clamped downhole seismic receiver array for borehole seismic 3D imaging. This array will remove the acquisition barrier to record the necessary volumes of data to do high resolution 3D VSP or 3D cross well seismic imaging. 3D VSP and long range Cross-Well Seismology (CWS) are two of the borehole seismic techniques that will allow the Gas industry to take the next step in their quest for higher resolution images of the gas reservoirs. Today only a fraction of the original Oil or Gas in place is produced when reservoirs are considered depleted. This is primarily due to our lack of understanding of the detailed compartmentalization of the oil and gas reservoirs. The 400 level 3C borehole seismic receiver array will allow for economic use of 3D borehole seismic imaging for reservoir characterization and monitoring. By using 3C surface seismic or 3C borehole seismic sources the 400 level receiver array will furthermore facilitate 9C reservoir imaging. The 9C borehole seismic data will provide P, SH and SV information for imaging of the complex deep gas reservoirs and allow quantitative prediction of the rock and the fluid types. The data quality and the data volumes from a 400 level 3C array will allow us to develop the data processing technology necessary for high resolution reservoir imaging.

Bjorn N.P. Paulsson

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

DEVELOPMENT OF A 400 LEVEL 3C CLAMPED DOWNHOLE SEISMIC RECEIVER ARRAY FOR 3D BOREHOLE SEISMIC IMAGING OF GAS RESERVOIRS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Borehole seismology is the highest resolution geophysical imaging technique available to the oil and gas industry for characterization and monitoring of oil and gas reservoirs. However, the industry's ability to economically do high resolution 3D imaging of deep and complex gas reservoirs using borehole seismology is currently frustrated by the lack of the acquisition technology necessary to record the large volumes of the high frequency, high signal-to-noise-ratio borehole seismic data needed to do 3D imaging. This proposal takes direct aim at this shortcoming. P/GSI is developing a 400 level 3C clamped downhole seismic receiver array for borehole seismic 3D imaging. This array will remove the acquisition barrier to record the necessary volumes of data to do high resolution 3D VSP or 3D cross well seismic imaging. 3D VSP and long range Cross-Well Seismology (CWS) are two of the borehole seismic techniques that will allow the Gas industry to take the next step in their quest for higher resolution images of the gas reservoirs. Today only a fraction of the original Oil or Gas in place is produced when reservoirs are considered depleted. This is primarily due to our lack of understanding of the detailed compartmentalization of the oil and gas reservoirs. The 400 level 3C borehole seismic receiver array will allow for economic use of 3D borehole seismic imaging for reservoir characterization and monitoring. By using 3C surface seismic or borehole seismic sources the 400 level receiver array will furthermore facilitate 9C reservoir imaging. The 9C borehole seismic data will provide P, SH and SV information for imaging of the complex deep gas reservoirs and allow quantitative prediction of the rock and the fluid types. The data quality and the data volumes from a 400 level 3C array will allow us to develop the data processing technology necessary for high resolution reservoir imaging.

Bjorn N.P Paulsson

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

DEVELOPMENT OF A 400 LEVEL 3C CLAMPED DOWNHOLE SEISMIC RECEIVER ARRAY FOR 3D BOREHOLE SEISMIC IMAGING OF GAS RESERVOIRS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Borehole seismology is the highest resolution geophysical imaging technique available today to the oil and gas industry for characterization and monitoring of oil and gas reservoirs. However, the industry's ability to economically do high resolution 3D imaging of deep and complex gas reservoirs using borehole seismology is currently hampered by the lack of the acquisition technology necessary to record the large volumes of the high frequency, high signal-to-noise-ratio borehole seismic data needed to do 3D imaging. This project takes direct aim at this shortcoming by developing a 400 level 3C clamped downhole seismic receiver array, and accompanying software, for borehole seismic 3D imaging. This large borehole seismic array will remove the technical acquisition barrier for recording the necessary volumes of data to do high resolution 3D VSP or 3D cross well seismic imaging. Massive 3D VSP{reg_sign} and long range Cross-Well Seismology (CWS) are two of the borehole seismic techniques that will allow the Gas industry to take the next step in their quest for higher resolution images of the gas reservoirs for the purpose of improving the recovery of the natural gas resources. Today only a fraction of the original Oil or Gas in place is produced when reservoirs are considered depleted. This is primarily due to our lack of understanding of the detailed compartmentalization of the oil and gas reservoirs. The 400 level 3C borehole seismic receiver array will allow for the economic use of 3D borehole seismic imaging for reservoir characterization and monitoring by allowing the economic recording of the required large data volumes that have a sufficiently dense spatial sampling. By using 3C surface seismic or 3C borehole seismic sources the 400 level receiver arrays will furthermore allow 3D reservoir imaging using 9C data. The 9C borehole seismic data will provide P, SH and SV information for imaging of the complex deep gas reservoirs and allow quantitative prediction of the rock and the fluid types. The data quality and the data volumes from a 400 level 3C array will allow us to develop the data processing technology necessary for high resolution reservoir imaging.

Bjorn N.P. Paulsson

2005-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

8

DEVELOPMENT OF A 400 LEVEL 3C CLAMPED DOWNHOLE SEISMIC RECEIVER ARRAY FOR 3D BOREHOLE SEISMIC IMAGING OF GAS RESERVOIRS.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Borehole seismology is the highest resolution geophysical imaging technique available today to the oil and gas industry for characterization and monitoring of oil and gas reservoirs. However, the industry's ability to economically do high resolution 3D imaging of deep and complex gas reservoirs using borehole seismology is currently frustrated by the lack of the acquisition technology necessary to record the large volumes of the high frequency, high signal-to-noise-ratio borehole seismic data needed to do 3D imaging. This project takes direct aim at this shortcoming by developing a 400 level 3C clamped downhole seismic receiver array, and accompanying software, for borehole seismic 3D imaging. This large borehole seismic array will remove the technical acquisition barrier for recording the necessary volumes of data to do high resolution 3D VSP or 3D cross well seismic imaging. 3D VSP and long range Cross-Well Seismology (CWS) are two of the borehole seismic techniques that will allow the Gas industry to take the next step in their quest for higher resolution images of the gas reservoirs for the purpose of improving the recovery of the natural gas resources. Today only a fraction of the original Oil or Gas in place is produced when reservoirs are considered depleted. This is primarily due to our lack of understanding of the detailed compartmentalization of the oil and gas reservoirs. The 400 level 3C borehole seismic receiver array will allow for the economic use of 3D borehole seismic imaging for reservoir characterization and monitoring by allowing the economic recording of the required large data volumes that have a sufficiently dense spatial sampling. By using 3C surface seismic or 3C borehole seismic sources the 400 level receiver array will furthermore allow 3D reservoir imaging using 9C data. The 9C borehole seismic data will provide P, SH and SV information for imaging of the complex deep gas reservoirs and allow quantitative prediction of the rock and the fluid types. The data quality and the data volumes from a 400 level 3C array will allow us to develop the data processing technology necessary for high resolution reservoir imaging.

Bjorn N.P Paulsson

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Development of a 400 Level 3C Clamped Downhole Seismic Receiver Array for 3D Borehole Seismic Imaging of Gas Reservoirs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Borehole seismology is the highest resolution geophysical imaging technique available today to the oil and gas industry for characterization and monitoring of oil and gas reservoirs. However, the industry's ability to economically do high resolution 3D imaging of deep and complex gas reservoirs using borehole seismology is currently hampered by the lack of the acquisition technology necessary to record the large volumes of the high frequency, high signal-to-noise-ratio borehole seismic data needed to do 3D imaging. This project takes direct aim at this shortcoming by developing a 400 level 3C clamped downhole seismic receiver array, and accompanying software, for borehole seismic 3D imaging. This large borehole seismic array will remove the technical acquisition barrier for recording the necessary volumes of data to do high resolution 3D VSP or 3D cross well seismic imaging. Massive 3D VSP{reg_sign} and long range Cross-Well Seismology (CWS) are two of the borehole seismic techniques that will allow the Gas industry to take the next step in their quest for higher resolution images of the gas reservoirs for the purpose of improving the recovery of the natural gas resources. Today only a fraction of the original Oil or Gas in place is produced when reservoirs are considered depleted. This is primarily due to our lack of understanding of the detailed compartmentalization of the oil and gas reservoirs. The 400 level 3C borehole seismic receiver array will allow for the economic use of 3D borehole seismic imaging for reservoir characterization and monitoring by allowing the economic recording of the required large data volumes that have a sufficiently dense spatial sampling. By using 3C surface seismic or 3C borehole seismic sources the 400 level receiver arrays will furthermore allow 3D reservoir imaging using 9C data. The 9C borehole seismic data will provide P, SH and SV information for imaging of the complex deep gas reservoirs and allow quantitative prediction of the rock and the fluid types. The data quality and the data volumes from a 400 level 3C array will allow us to develop the data processing technology necessary for high resolution reservoir imaging.

Bjorn N.P. Paulsson

2005-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

10

DEVELOPMENT OF A 400 LEVEL 3C CLAMPED DOWNHOLE SEISMIC RECEIVER ARRAY FOR 3D BOREHOLE SEISMIC IMAGING OF GAS RESERVOIRS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Borehole seismology is the highest resolution geophysical imaging technique available today to the oil and gas industry for characterization and monitoring of oil and gas reservoirs. However, the industry's ability to economically do high resolution 3D imaging of deep and complex gas reservoirs using borehole seismology is currently frustrated by the lack of the acquisition technology necessary to record the large volumes of the high frequency, high signal-to-noise-ratio borehole seismic data needed to do 3D imaging. This project takes direct aim at this shortcoming by developing a 400 level 3C clamped downhole seismic receiver array, and accompanying software, for borehole seismic 3D imaging. This large borehole seismic array will remove the technical acquisition barrier for recording the necessary volumes of data to do high resolution 3D VSP or 3D cross well seismic imaging. 3D VSP and long range Cross-Well Seismology (CWS) are two of the borehole seismic techniques that will allow the Gas industry to take the next step in their quest for higher resolution images of the gas reservoirs for the purpose of improving the recovery of the natural gas resources. Today only a fraction of the original Oil or Gas in place is produced when reservoirs are considered depleted. This is primarily due to our lack of understanding of the detailed compartmentalization of the oil and gas reservoirs. The 400 level 3C borehole seismic receiver array will allow for the economic use of 3D borehole seismic imaging for reservoir characterization and monitoring by allowing the economic recording of the required large data volumes that have a sufficiently dense spatial sampling. By using 3C surface seismic or 3C borehole seismic sources the 400 level receiver array will furthermore allow 3D reservoir imaging using 9C data. The 9C borehole seismic data will provide P, SH and SV information for imaging of the complex deep gas reservoirs and allow quantitative prediction of the rock and the fluid types. The data quality and the data volumes from a 400 level 3C array will allow us to develop the data processing technology necessary for high resolution reservoir imaging.

Bjorn N.P. Paulsson

2004-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

11

DEVELOPMENT OF A 400 LEVEL 3C CLAMPED DOWNHOLE SEISMIC RECEIVER ARRAY FOR 3D BOREHOLE SEISMIC IMAGING OF GAS RESERVOIRS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Borehole seismology is the highest resolution geophysical imaging technique available today to the oil and gas industry for characterization and monitoring of oil and gas reservoirs. However, the industry's ability to economically do high resolution 3D imaging of deep and complex gas reservoirs using borehole seismology is currently frustrated by the lack of the acquisition technology necessary to record the large volumes of the high frequency, high signal-to-noise-ratio borehole seismic data needed to do 3D imaging. This project takes direct aim at this shortcoming by developing a 400 level 3C clamped downhole seismic receiver array, and accompanying software, for borehole seismic 3D imaging. This large borehole seismic array will remove the technical acquisition barrier for recording the necessary volumes of data to do high resolution 3D VSP or 3D cross well seismic imaging. Massive 3D VSP{reg_sign} and long range Cross-Well Seismology (CWS) are two of the borehole seismic techniques that will allow the Gas industry to take the next step in their quest for higher resolution images of the gas reservoirs for the purpose of improving the recovery of the natural gas resources. Today only a fraction of the original Oil or Gas in place is produced when reservoirs are considered depleted. This is primarily due to our lack of understanding of the detailed compartmentalization of the oil and gas reservoirs. The 400 level 3C borehole seismic receiver array will allow for the economic use of 3D borehole seismic imaging for reservoir characterization and monitoring by allowing the economic recording of the required large data volumes that have a sufficiently dense spatial sampling. By using 3C surface seismic or 3C borehole seismic sources the 400 level receiver arrays will furthermore allow 3D reservoir imaging using 9C data. The 9C borehole seismic data will provide P, SH and SV information for imaging of the complex deep gas reservoirs and allow quantitative prediction of the rock and the fluid types. The data quality and the data volumes from a 400 level 3C array will allow us to develop the data processing technology necessary for high resolution reservoir imaging.

Bjorn N.P. Paulsson

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

12

DEVELOPMENT OF A 400 LEVEL 3C CLAMPED DOWNHOLE SEISMIC RECEIVER ARRAY FOR 3D BOREHOLE SEISMIC IMAGING OF GAS RESERVOIRS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Borehole seismology is the highest resolution geophysical imaging technique available today to the oil and gas industry for characterization and monitoring of oil and gas reservoirs. However, the industry's ability to economically do high resolution 3D imaging of deep and complex gas reservoirs using borehole seismology is currently frustrated by the lack of the acquisition technology necessary to record the large volumes of the high frequency, high signal-to-noise-ratio borehole seismic data needed to do 3D imaging. This project takes direct aim at this shortcoming by developing a 400 level 3C clamped downhole seismic receiver array, and accompanying software, for borehole seismic 3D imaging. This large borehole seismic array will remove the technical acquisition barrier for recording the necessary volumes of data to do high resolution 3D VSP or 3D cross well seismic imaging. 3D VSP and long range Cross-Well Seismology (CWS) are two of the borehole seismic techniques that will allow the Gas industry to take the next step in their quest for higher resolution images of the gas reservoirs for the purpose of improving the recovery of the natural gas resources. Today only a fraction of the original Oil or Gas in place is produced when reservoirs are considered depleted. This is primarily due to our lack of understanding of the detailed compartmentalization of the oil and gas reservoirs. The 400 level 3C borehole seismic receiver array will allow for the economic use of 3D borehole seismic imaging for reservoir characterization and monitoring by allowing the economic recording of the required large data volumes that have a sufficiently dense spatial sampling. By using 3C surface seismic or 3C borehole seismic sources the 400 level receiver array will furthermore allow 3D reservoir imaging using 9C data. The 9C borehole seismic data will provide P, SH and SV information for imaging of the complex deep gas reservoirs and allow quantitative prediction of the rock and the fluid types. The data quality and the data volumes from a 400 level 3C array will allow us to develop the data processing technology necessary for high resolution reservoir imaging.

Bjorn N.P. Paulsson

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

DEVELOPMENT OF A 400 LEVEL 3C CLAMPED DOWNHOLE SEISMIC RECEIVER ARRAY FOR 3D BOREHOLE SEISMIC IMAGING OF GAS RESERVOIRS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Borehole seismology is the highest resolution geophysical imaging technique available today to the oil and gas industry for characterization and monitoring of oil and gas reservoirs. However, the industry's ability to economically do high resolution 3D imaging of deep and complex gas reservoirs using borehole seismology is currently frustrated by the lack of the acquisition technology necessary to record the large volumes of the high frequency, high signal-to-noise-ratio borehole seismic data needed to do 3D imaging. This project takes direct aim at this shortcoming by developing a 400 level 3C clamped downhole seismic receiver array, and accompanying software, for borehole seismic 3D imaging. This large borehole seismic array will remove the technical acquisition barrier for recording the necessary volumes of data to do high resolution 3D VSP or 3D cross well seismic imaging. 3D VSP and long range Cross-Well Seismology (CWS) are two of the borehole seismic techniques that will allow the Gas industry to take the next step in their quest for higher resolution images of the gas reservoirs for the purpose of improving the recovery of the natural gas resources. Today only a fraction of the original Oil or Gas in place is produced when reservoirs are considered depleted. This is primarily due to our lack of understanding of the detailed compartmentalization of the oil and gas reservoirs. The 400 level 3C borehole seismic receiver array will allow for the economic use of 3D borehole seismic imaging for reservoir characterization and monitoring by allowing the economic recording of the required large data volumes that have a sufficiently dense spatial sampling. By using 3C surface seismic or 3C borehole seismic sources the 400 level receiver array will furthermore allow 3D reservoir imaging using 9C data. The 9C borehole seismic data will provide P, SH and SV information for imaging of the complex deep gas reservoirs and allow quantitative prediction of the rock and the fluid types. The data quality and the data volumes from a 400 level 3C array will allow us to develop the data processing technology necessary for high resolution reservoir imaging.

Bjorn N.P. Paulsson

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

DEVELOPMENT OF A 400 LEVEL 3C CLAMPED DOWNHOLE SEISMIC RECEIVER ARRAY FOR 3D BOREHOLE SEISMIC IMAGING OF GAS RESERVOIRS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Borehole seismology is the highest resolution geophysical imaging technique available today to the oil and gas industry for characterization and monitoring of oil and gas reservoirs. However, the industry's ability to economically do high resolution 3D imaging of deep and complex gas reservoirs using borehole seismology is currently frustrated by the lack of the acquisition technology necessary to record the large volumes of the high frequency, high signal-to-noise-ratio borehole seismic data needed to do 3D imaging. This project takes direct aim at this shortcoming by developing a 400 level 3C clamped downhole seismic receiver array, and accompanying software, for borehole seismic 3D imaging. This large borehole seismic array will remove the technical acquisition barrier for recording the necessary volumes of data to do high resolution 3D VSP or 3D cross well seismic imaging. 3D VSP and long range Cross-Well Seismology (CWS) are two of the borehole seismic techniques that will allow the Gas industry to take the next step in their quest for higher resolution images of the gas reservoirs for the purpose of improving the recovery of the natural gas resources. Today only a fraction of the original Oil or Gas in place is produced when reservoirs are considered depleted. This is primarily due to our lack of understanding of the detailed compartmentalization of the oil and gas reservoirs. The 400 level 3C borehole seismic receiver array will allow for the economic use of 3D borehole seismic imaging for reservoir characterization and monitoring by allowing the economic recording of the required large data volumes that have a sufficiently dense spatial sampling. By using 3C surface seismic or 3C borehole seismic sources the 400 level receiver array will furthermore allow 3D reservoir imaging using 9C data. The 9C borehole seismic data will provide P, SH and SV information for imaging of the complex deep gas reservoirs and allow quantitative prediction of the rock and the fluid types. The data quality and the data volumes from a 400 level 3C array will allow us to develop the data processing technology necessary for high resolution reservoir imaging.

Bjorn N.P. Paulsson

2004-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

15

DEVELOPMENT OF A 400 LEVEL 3C CLAMPED DOWNHOLE SEISMIC RECEIVER ARRAY FOR 3D BOREHOLE SEISMIC IMAGING OF GAS RESERVOIRS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Borehole seismology is the highest resolution geophysical imaging technique available today to the oil and gas industry for characterization and monitoring of oil and gas reservoirs. However, the industry's ability to economically do high resolution 3D imaging of deep and complex gas reservoirs using borehole seismology is currently frustrated by the lack of the acquisition technology necessary to record the large volumes of the high frequency, high signal-to-noise-ratio borehole seismic data needed to do 3D imaging. This project takes direct aim at this shortcoming by developing a 400 level 3C clamped downhole seismic receiver array, and accompanying software, for borehole seismic 3D imaging. This large borehole seismic array will remove the technical acquisition barrier for recording the necessary volumes of data to do high resolution 3D VSP or 3D cross well seismic imaging. 3D VSP and long range Cross-Well Seismology (CWS) are two of the borehole seismic techniques that will allow the Gas industry to take the next step in their quest for higher resolution images of the gas reservoirs for the purpose of improving the recovery of the natural gas resources. Today only a fraction of the original Oil or Gas in place is produced when reservoirs are considered depleted. This is primarily due to our lack of understanding of the detailed compartmentalization of the oil and gas reservoirs. The 400 level 3C borehole seismic receiver array will allow for the economic use of 3D borehole seismic imaging for reservoir characterization and monitoring by allowing the economic recording of the required large data volumes that have a sufficiently dense spatial sampling. By using 3C surface seismic or 3C borehole seismic sources the 400 level receiver array will furthermore allow 3D reservoir imaging using 9C data. The 9C borehole seismic data will provide P, SH and SV information for imaging of the complex deep gas reservoirs and allow quantitative prediction of the rock and the fluid types. The data quality and the data volumes from a 400 level 3C array will allow us to develop the data processing technology necessary for high resolution reservoir imaging.

Bjorn N.P Paulsson

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

DEVELOPMENT OF A 400 LEVEL 3C CLAMPED DOWNHOLE SEISMIC RECEIVER ARRAY FOR 3D BOREHOLE SEISMIC IMAGING OF GAS RESERVOIRS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Borehole seismology is the highest resolution geophysical imaging technique available today to the oil and gas industry for characterization and monitoring of oil and gas reservoirs. However, the industry's ability to economically do high resolution 3D imaging of deep and complex gas reservoirs using borehole seismology is currently frustrated by the lack of the acquisition technology necessary to record the large volumes of the high frequency, high signal-to-noise-ratio borehole seismic data needed to do 3D imaging. This project takes direct aim at this shortcoming by developing a 400 level 3C clamped downhole seismic receiver array, and accompanying software, for borehole seismic 3D imaging. This large borehole seismic array will remove the technical acquisition barrier for recording the necessary volumes of data to do high resolution 3D VSP or 3D cross well seismic imaging. 3D VSP and long range Cross-Well Seismology (CWS) are two of the borehole seismic techniques that will allow the Gas industry to take the next step in their quest for higher resolution images of the gas reservoirs for the purpose of improving the recovery of the natural gas resources. Today only a fraction of the original Oil or Gas in place is produced when reservoirs are considered depleted. This is primarily due to our lack of understanding of the detailed compartmentalization of the oil and gas reservoirs. The 400 level 3C borehole seismic receiver array will allow for the economic use of 3D borehole seismic imaging for reservoir characterization and monitoring by allowing the economic recording of the required large data volumes that have a sufficiently dense spatial sampling. By using 3C surface seismic or 3C borehole seismic sources the 400 level receiver array will furthermore allow 3D reservoir imaging using 9C data. The 9C borehole seismic data will provide P, SH and SV information for imaging of the complex deep gas reservoirs and allow quantitative prediction of the rock and the fluid types. The data quality and the data volumes from a 400 level 3C array will allow us to develop the data processing technology necessary for high resolution reservoir imaging.

Bjorn N.P Paulsson

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

DEVELOPMENT OF A 400 LEVEL 3C CLAMPED DOWNHOLE SEISMIC RECEIVER ARRAY FOR 3D BOREHOLE SEISMIC IMAGING OF GAS RESERVOIRS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Borehole seismology is the highest resolution geophysical imaging technique available today to the oil and gas industry for characterization and monitoring of oil and gas reservoirs. However, the industry's ability to economically do high resolution 3D imaging of deep and complex gas reservoirs using borehole seismology is currently frustrated by the lack of the acquisition technology necessary to record the large volumes of the high frequency, high signal-to-noise-ratio borehole seismic data needed to do 3D imaging. This project takes direct aim at this shortcoming by developing a 400 level 3C clamped downhole seismic receiver array, and accompanying software, for borehole seismic 3D imaging. This large borehole seismic array will remove the technical acquisition barrier for recording the necessary volumes of data to do high resolution 3D VSP or 3D cross well seismic imaging. Massive 3D VSP{reg_sign} and long range Cross-Well Seismology (CWS) are two of the borehole seismic techniques that will allow the Gas industry to take the next step in their quest for higher resolution images of the gas reservoirs for the purpose of improving the recovery of the natural gas resources. Today only a fraction of the original Oil or Gas in place is produced when reservoirs are considered depleted. This is primarily due to our lack of understanding of the detailed compartmentalization of the oil and gas reservoirs. The 400 level 3C borehole seismic receiver array will allow for the economic use of 3D borehole seismic imaging for reservoir characterization and monitoring by allowing the economic recording of the required large data volumes that have a sufficiently dense spatial sampling. By using 3C surface seismic or 3C borehole seismic sources the 400 level receiver arrays will furthermore allow 3D reservoir imaging using 9C data. The 9C borehole seismic data will provide P, SH and SV information for imaging of the complex deep gas reservoirs and allow quantitative prediction of the rock and the fluid types. The data quality and the data volumes from a 400 level 3C array will allow us to develop the data processing technology necessary for high resolution reservoir imaging.

Bjorn N.P. Paulsson

2004-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

18

Development of a 400 Level 3C Clamped Downhole Seismic Receiver Array for 3D Borehole Seismic Imaging of Gas Reservoirs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Borehole seismology is the highest resolution geophysical imaging technique available today to the oil and gas industry for characterization and monitoring of oil and gas reservoirs. However, the industry's ability to economically do high resolution 3D imaging of deep and complex gas reservoirs using borehole seismology is currently hampered by the lack of the acquisition technology necessary to record the large volumes of the high frequency, high signal-to-noise-ratio borehole seismic data needed to do 3D imaging. This project takes direct aim at this shortcoming by developing a 400 level 3C clamped downhole seismic receiver array, and accompanying software, for borehole seismic 3D imaging. This large borehole seismic array will remove the technical acquisition barrier for recording the necessary volumes of data to do high resolution 3D VSP or 3D cross well seismic imaging. Massive 3D VSP{reg_sign} and long range Cross-Well Seismology (CWS) are two of the borehole seismic techniques that will allow the Gas industry to take the next step in their quest for higher resolution images of the gas reservoirs for the purpose of improving the recovery of the natural gas resources. Today only a fraction of the original Oil or Gas in place is produced when reservoirs are considered depleted. This is primarily due to our lack of understanding of the detailed compartmentalization of the oil and gas reservoirs. The 400 level 3C borehole seismic receiver array will allow for the economic use of 3D borehole seismic imaging for reservoir characterization and monitoring by allowing the economic recording of the required large data volumes that have a sufficiently dense spatial sampling. By using 3C surface seismic or 3C borehole seismic sources the 400 level receiver arrays will furthermore allow 3D reservoir imaging using 9C data. The 9C borehole seismic data will provide P, SH and SV information for imaging of the complex deep gas reservoirs and allow quantitative prediction of the rock and the fluid types. The data quality and the data volumes from a 400 level 3C array will allow us to develop the data processing technology necessary for high resolution reservoir imaging.

Bjorn N.P Paulsson

2006-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

19

Development of a 400 Level 3C Clamped Downhole Seismic Receiver Array for 3D Borehole Seismic Imaging of Gas Reservoirs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Borehole seismology is the highest resolution geophysical imaging technique available today to the oil and gas industry for characterization and monitoring of oil and gas reservoirs. However, the industry's ability to economically do high resolution 3D imaging of deep and complex gas reservoirs using borehole seismology is currently hampered by the lack of the acquisition technology necessary to record the large volumes of the high frequency, high signal-to-noise-ratio borehole seismic data needed to do 3D imaging. This project takes direct aim at this shortcoming by developing a 400 level 3C clamped downhole seismic receiver array, and accompanying software, for borehole seismic 3D imaging. This large borehole seismic array will remove the technical acquisition barrier for recording the necessary volumes of data to do high resolution 3D VSP or 3D cross well seismic imaging. Massive 3D VSP{reg_sign} and long range Cross-Well Seismology (CWS) are two of the borehole seismic techniques that will allow the Gas industry to take the next step in their quest for higher resolution images of the gas reservoirs for the purpose of improving the recovery of the natural gas resources. Today only a fraction of the original Oil or Gas in place is produced when reservoirs are considered depleted. This is primarily due to our lack of understanding of the detailed compartmentalization of the oil and gas reservoirs. The 400 level 3C borehole seismic receiver array will allow for the economic use of 3D borehole seismic imaging for reservoir characterization and monitoring by allowing the economic recording of the required large data volumes that have a sufficiently dense spatial sampling. By using 3C surface seismic or 3C borehole seismic sources the 400 level receiver arrays will furthermore allow 3D reservoir imaging using 9C data. The 9C borehole seismic data will provide P, SH and SV information for imaging of the complex deep gas reservoirs and allow quantitative prediction of the rock and the fluid types. The data quality and the data volumes from a 400 level 3C array will allow us to develop the data processing technology necessary for high resolution reservoir imaging.

Bjorn N. P. Paulsson

2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

20

DEVELOPMENT OF A 400 LEVEL 3C CLAMPED DOWNHOLE SEISMIC RECEIVER ARRAY FOR 3D BOREHOLE SEISMIC IMAGING OF GAS RESERVOIRS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Borehole seismology is the highest resolution geophysical imaging technique available today to the oil and gas industry for characterization and monitoring of oil and gas reservoirs. However, the industry's ability to economically do high resolution 3D imaging of deep and complex gas reservoirs using borehole seismology is currently frustrated by the lack of the acquisition technology necessary to record the large volumes of the high frequency, high signal-to-noise-ratio borehole seismic data needed to do 3D imaging. This project takes direct aim at this shortcoming by developing a 400 level 3C clamped downhole seismic receiver array, and accompanying software, for borehole seismic 3D imaging. This large borehole seismic array will remove the technical acquisition barrier for recording the necessary volumes of data to do high resolution 3D VSP or 3D cross well seismic imaging. 3D VSP and long range Cross-Well Seismology (CWS) are two of the borehole seismic techniques that will allow the Gas industry to take the next step in their quest for higher resolution images of the gas reservoirs for the purpose of improving the recovery of the natural gas resources. Today only a fraction of the original Oil or Gas in place is produced when reservoirs are considered depleted. This is primarily due to our lack of understanding of the detailed compartmentalization of the oil and gas reservoirs. The 400 level 3C borehole seismic receiver array will allow for the economic use of 3D borehole seismic imaging for reservoir characterization and monitoring by allowing the economic recording of the required large data volumes that have a sufficiently dense spatial sampling. By using 3C surface seismic or 3C borehole seismic sources the 400 level receiver array will furthermore allow 3D reservoir imaging using 9C data. The 9C borehole seismic data will provide P, SH and SV information for imaging of the complex deep gas reservoirs and allow quantitative prediction of the rock and the fluid types. The data quality and the data volumes from a 400 level 3C array will allow us to develop the data processing technology necessary for high resolution reservoir imaging.

Bjorn N.P. Paulsson

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Sub-100 fs pulses at watt-level powers from a dissipative-soliton fiber laser  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with cladding pumping for high average power. The laser generates 31 nJ chirped pulses at 70 MHz repetition rate of double-clad (DC) gain fiber is common, and there are a few reports of mode-locked lasers that employ DCSub-100 fs pulses at watt-level powers from a dissipative-soliton fiber laser K. Kieu,* W. H

Kieu, Khanh

22

ARM - Datastreams - mwr3c  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Datastreamsmwr3c Datastreamsmwr3c Documentation Data Quality Plots Citation DOI: 10.5439/1025248 [ What is this? ] Generate Citation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Datastream : MWR3C Microwave Radiometer, 3 Channel Active Dates 2011.01.11 - 2014.01.02 Measurement Categories Radiometric Originating Instrument Microwave Radiometer, 3 Channel (MWR3C) Measurements Only measurements considered scientifically relevant are shown below by default. Show all measurements Measurement Units Variable Altitude above mean sea level m alt Azimuth deg azimuth ( time ) Base time in Epoch seconds since 1970-1-1 0:00:00 0:00 base_time Elevation deg elevation ( time ) Hail accumulation hit/cm^2 hail_accumulation ( time )

23

High-energy chirally-coupled-core Yb-fiber laser with high-dispersion mirror compressor to achieve 1W-level, sub-100fs pulses with diffraction-limited beam quality  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We demonstrate a high-energy femtosecond laser system with two rapidly advancing technologies: 3C LMA fiber to ensure single-mode operation and high-dispersion mirror to enable...

Chen, Hung-Wen; Sosnowski, Tom; Liu, Chi-Hung; Chen, Li-Jin; Birge, Jonathan; Galvanauskas, Almantas; Krtner, Franz; Chang, Guoqing

24

Thulium-doped silica fibers with enhanced 3 H4 level lifetime  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of cheap mass production. With the cladding-pump technique, fiber lasers and amplifiers have proven-power, high-brightness laser beams. The most important multi-watt fiber lasers were reported using double-clad at 810 nm can be achieved for specific ranges of the laser cavity parameters in silica-based thulium

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

25

Influence of crude fiber from two different sources and two levels of cobalt on the biotic potential of Haemonchus contortus in sheep  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fertile egg production by H. contortus (P~O. I). A 5% crude fiber ration (alfalfa) was associated with higher (P~0. 001) eggs per gram counts in the lambs than a corresponding ration with 5X crude fiber (cotton seed hulls). Cobalt supplementation had a.... Packed Cell Volume Haemoglobin Concentration Cobalt Levels in Whole Blood. Prepatent Period. Effect of Crude Fiber on H. contortus Fertile Egg Production. Effect of Roughage (cotton seed hulls) on Egg Production by H. contortus. Fecal Output...

Njau, Barnabas Charles

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

26

3C Holding AG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Holding AG Holding AG Jump to: navigation, search Name 3C Holding AG Place Bad Vilbel/Frankfurt am Main, Germany Zip 61118 Sector Services Product 3C Holding AG develops trading strategies for EU allowances, JI/CDM Projects and climate neutral events, products and services. Merged with Factor Consulting to form First Climate. References 3C Holding AG[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. 3C Holding AG is a company located in Bad Vilbel/Frankfurt am Main, Germany . References ↑ "3C Holding AG" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=3C_Holding_AG&oldid=341624" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs

27

Fiber optic vibration sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fiber optic vibration sensor utilizes two single mode optical fibers supported by a housing with one optical fiber fixedly secured to the housing and providing a reference signal and the other optical fiber having a free span length subject to vibrational displacement thereof with respect to the housing and the first optical fiber for providing a signal indicative of a measurement of any perturbation of the sensor. Damping or tailoring of the sensor to be responsive to selected levels of perturbation is provided by altering the diameter of optical fibers or by immersing at least a portion of the free span length of the vibration sensing optical fiber into a liquid of a selected viscosity.

Dooley, Joseph B. (Harriman, TN); Muhs, Jeffrey D. (Lenoir City, TN); Tobin, Kenneth W. (Harriman, TN)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Fiber optic moisture sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for sensing moisture changes by utilizing optical fiber technology. One embodiment uses a reflective target at the end of an optical fiber. The reflectance of the target varies with its moisture content and can be detected by a remote unit at the opposite end of the fiber. A second embodiment utilizes changes in light loss along the fiber length. This can be attributed to changes in reflectance of cladding material as a function of its moisture content. It can also be affected by holes or inserts interposed in the cladding material and/or fiber. Changing light levels can also be coupled from one fiber to another in an assembly of fibers as a function of varying moisture content in their overlapping lengths of cladding material.

Kirkham, R.R.

1984-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

29

Fiber optic vibration sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fiber optic vibration sensor utilizes two single mode optical fibers supported by a housing with one optical fiber fixedly secured to the housing and providing a reference signal and the other optical fiber having a free span length subject to vibrational displacement thereof with respect to the housing and the first optical fiber for providing a signal indicative of a measurement of any perturbation of the sensor. Damping or tailoring of the sensor to be responsive to selected levels of perturbation is provided by altering the diameter of optical fibers or by immersing at least a portion of the free span length of the vibration sensing optical fiber into a liquid of a selected viscosity. 2 figures.

Dooley, J.B.; Muhs, J.D.; Tobin, K.W.

1995-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

30

In vivo calcium soap formation with two levels of fat and calcium and three types of fiber  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, wheat bran and cellulose-supplemented diets led to an increased fecal bulk (16). Thus, certain types of fibers may protect against colon cancer. Recently, dietary calcium has been thought to be protective against colon cancer; however, the mechanism... (lauric, linoleic, and oleic) intrarectally in mice. These acids led to inflammation and lysis of the epithelium. Eventually, colonic mitotic activity was increased. Since an increase in cell proliferation is associated with an increase...

Radulovich, Daniela

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Privacy Issues of the W3C Geolocation API  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Framework 5 W3C Geolocation API Speci?cation 5.1 User Agentof the W3C Geolocation API Introduction With the advent ofIssues of the W3C Geolocation API What does it do? Google

Doty, Nick; Mulligan, Deirdre K.; Wilde, Erik

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Development of an Integrated Raman and Turbidity Fiber Optic Sensor for the In-Situ Analysis of High Level Nuclear Waste - 13532  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Stored nuclear waste must be retrieved from storage, treated, separated into low- and high-level waste streams, and finally put into a disposal form that effectively encapsulates the waste and isolates it from the environment for a long period of time. Before waste retrieval can be done, waste composition needs to be characterized so that proper safety precautions can be implemented during the retrieval process. In addition, there is a need for active monitoring of the dynamic chemistry of the waste during storage since the waste composition can become highly corrosive. This work describes the development of a novel, integrated fiber optic Raman and light scattering probe for in situ use in nuclear waste solutions. The dual Raman and turbidity sensor provides simultaneous chemical identification of nuclear waste as well as information concerning the suspended particles in the waste using a common laser excitation source. (authors)

Gasbarro, Christina; Bello, Job [EIC Laboratories, Inc., 111 Downey St., Norwood, MA, 02062 (United States)] [EIC Laboratories, Inc., 111 Downey St., Norwood, MA, 02062 (United States); Bryan, Samuel; Lines, Amanda; Levitskaia, Tatiana [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, PO Box 999, Richland, WA, 99352 (United States)] [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, PO Box 999, Richland, WA, 99352 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Climate Zone 3C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

C C Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 3 and Climate Zone Subtype C. Climate Zone 3C is defined as Warm - Marine with IP Units CDD50ºF ≤ 4500 AND HDD65ºF ≤ 3600 and SI Units CDD10ºC ≤ 2500 AND HDD18ºC ≤ 2000 . The following places are categorized as class 3C climate zones: Alameda County, California Marin County, California Mendocino County, California Monterey County, California Napa County, California San Benito County, California San Francisco County, California San Luis Obispo County, California San Mateo County, California Santa Barbara County, California Santa Clara County, California Santa Cruz County, California Sonoma County, California Ventura County, California

34

Development of protective polymer coatings for silver halide fibers and their application as threshold level sensors for chlorinated hydrocarbons in sea water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The stability of silver halide fibers in artificial sea water (ASW) with and without a protective ... sensor system for the quantitative detection of chlorinated hydrocarbons (CHC) also in sea water.

R. Gbel; R. Krska; R. Kellner; A. Katzir

35

The Infrared Jet in 3C31  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report the detection of infrared emission from the jet of the nearby FR I radio galaxy 3C 31. The jet was detected with the IRAC instrument on Spitzer at 4.5 micron, 5.8 micron, and 8.0 micron out to 30" (13 kpc) from the nucleus. We measure radio, infrared, optical, and X-ray fluxes in three regions along the jet determined by the infrared and X-ray morphology. Radio through X-ray spectra in these regions demonstrate that the emission can be interpreted as synchrotron emission from a broken power-law distribution of electron energies. We find significant differences in the high energy spectra with increasing distance from the nucleus. Specifically, the high energy slope increases from 0.86 to 1.72 from 1 kpc to 12 kpc along the jet, and the spectral break likewise increases in frequency along the jet from 10-100's of GHz to ~20 THz. Thus the ratio of IR to X-ray flux in the jet increases by at least an order of magnitude with increasing distance from the nucleus. We argue that these changes cannot simply ...

Lanz, Lauranne; Kraft, Ralph P; Birkinshaw, Mark; Lal, Dharam V; Forman, William R; Jones, Christine; Worrall, Diana M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

THE ACCELERATING JET OF 3C 279  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Analysis of the proper motions of the subparsec scale jet of the quasar 3C 279 at 15 GHz with the Very Long Baseline Array shows significant accelerations in four of nine superluminal features. Analysis of these motions is combined with the analysis of flux density light curves to constrain values of Lorentz factor and viewing angle (and their derivatives) for each component. The data for each of these components are consistent with significant changes to the Lorentz factor, viewing angle, and azimuthal angle, suggesting jet bending with changes in speed. We see that for these observed components Lorentz factors are in the range {Gamma} = 10-41, viewing angles are in the range thetav = 0. Degree-Sign 1-5. Degree-Sign 0, and intrinsic (source frame) flux density is in the range, F{sub {nu},int} 1.5 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -9}-1.5 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -5} Jy. Considering individual components, the Lorentz factors vary from {Gamma} = 11-16 for C1, {Gamma} = 31-41 for C5, {Gamma} = 29-41 for C6, and {Gamma} = 9-12 for C8, indicating that there is no single underlying flow speed to the jet and likely we are seeing pattern speeds from shocks in the jet. The viewing angles vary in time from 0. Degree-Sign 6 to 1. Degree-Sign 5 in the case of C1 (the least extreme example), from 0. Degree-Sign 5 to 5. Degree-Sign 0 in the case of C8, and from 0. Degree-Sign 1 to 0. Degree-Sign 9 for C5 (the last two being the most extreme examples). The intrinsic flux density varies by factors from 1.4 for C8 and 430 for C5. Theoretical analysis of the accelerations also indicates potential jet bending. In addition, for one component, C5, polarization measurements also set limits to the trajectory of the jet.

Bloom, S. D. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Hampden-Sydney College, Box 821, Hampden-Sydney, VA 23943 (United States); Fromm, C. M.; Ros, E., E-mail: sbloom@hsc.edu [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Radioastronomie, Auf dem Huegel 69, D-53121 Bonn (Germany)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Carbon Fiber  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Lee McGetrick leads ORNL's effort to produce light, durable carbon fiber at lower cost -- a key to improvements in manufacturing that will produce more fuel-efficient vehicles and other advances.

McGetrick, Lee

2014-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

38

Carbon Fiber  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lee McGetrick leads ORNL's effort to produce light, durable carbon fiber at lower cost -- a key to improvements in manufacturing that will produce more fuel-efficient vehicles and other advances.

McGetrick, Lee

2014-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

39

Fiber Bundles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fiber bundles, their morphisms and sections are defined. Transition functions are introduced and used to describe the global structure of a bundle and to build it out of local data. Particular clas...

Lorenzo Fatibene; Mauro Francaviglia

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Part-Per-Trillion Level SF6 Detection Using a Quartz Enhanced Photoacoustic Spectroscopy-Based Sensor with Single-Mode Fiber-Coupled Quantum Cascade Laser Excitation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A sensitive spectroscopic sensor based on a hollow-core fiber-coupled quantum cascade laser (QCL) emitting at 10.54 m and quartz enhanced photoacoustic spectroscopy (QEPAS) technique is reported. The design and realization of mid-infrared fiber and coupler optics has ensured single-mode QCL beam delivery to the QEPAS sensor . The collimation optics was designed to produce a laser beam of significantly reduced beam size and waist so as to prevent illumination of the quartz tuning fork and micro-resonator tubes. SF6 was selected as the target gas. A minimum detection sensitivity of 50 parts per trillion in 1 s was achieved with a QCL power of 18 mW, corresponding to a normalized noise-equivalent absorption of 2.7x10-10 Wcm-1/Hz1/2.

Spagnolo, V.; Patimisco, P.; Borri, Simone; Scamarcio, G.; Bernacki, Bruce E.; Kriesel, J.M.

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Drying of fiber webs  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process and an apparatus are disclosed for high-intensity drying of fiber webs or sheets, such as newsprint, printing and writing papers, packaging paper, and paperboard or linerboard, as they are formed on a paper machine. The invention uses direct contact between the wet fiber web or sheet and various molten heat transfer fluids, such as liquefied eutectic metal alloys, to impart heat at high rates over prolonged durations, in order to achieve ambient boiling of moisture contained within the web. The molten fluid contact process causes steam vapor to emanate from the web surface, without dilution by ambient air; and it is differentiated from the evaporative drying techniques of the prior industrial art, which depend on the uses of steam-heated cylinders to supply heat to the paper web surface, and ambient air to carry away moisture, which is evaporated from the web surface. Contact between the wet fiber web and the molten fluid can be accomplished either by submersing the web within a molten bath or by coating the surface of the web with the molten media. Because of the high interfacial surface tension between the molten media and the cellulose fiber comprising the paper web, the molten media does not appreciatively stick to the paper after it is dried. Steam generated from the paper web is collected and condensed without dilution by ambient air to allow heat recovery at significantly higher temperature levels than attainable in evaporative dryers. 6 figs.

Warren, D.W.

1997-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

42

Molecular Gas in the Powerful Radio Galaxies 3C~31 and 3C~264: Major or Minor Mergers?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report the detection of $^{12}$CO~($1 \\to 0$) and $^{12}$CO~($2 \\to 1$) emission from the central regions ($\\lesssim 5$--$10 {\\rm kpc}$) of the two powerful radio galaxies 3C~31 and 3C~264. Their individual CO emission exhibits a double-horned line profile that is characteristic of an inclined rotating disk with a central depression at the rising part of its rotation curve. The inferred disk or ring distributions of the molecular gas is consistent with the observed presence of dust disks or rings detected optically in the cores of both galaxies. For a CO to H$_2$ conversion factor similar to that of our Galaxy, the corresponding total mass in molecular hydrogen gas is $(1.3 \\pm 0.2) \\times 10^9 {\\rm M_{\\odot}}$ in 3C~31 and $(0.31 \\pm 0.06) \\times 10^9 {\\rm M_{\\odot}}$ in 3C~264. Despite their relatively large molecular-gas masses and other peculiarities, both 3C~31 and 3C~264, as well as many other powerful radio galaxies in the (revised) 3C catalog, are known to lie within the fundamental plane of normal elliptical galaxies. We reason that if their gas originates from the mergers of two gas-rich disk galaxies, as has been invoked to explain the molecular gas in other radio galaxies, then both 3C~31 and 3C~264 must have merged a long time (a few billion years or more) ago but their remnant elliptical galaxies only recently (last tens of millions of years or less) become active in radio. Instead, we argue that the cannibalism of gas-rich galaxies provides a simpler explanation for the origin of molecular gas in the elliptical hosts of radio galaxies. Given the transient nature of their observed disturbances, these galaxies probably become active in radio soon after the accretion event when sufficient molecular gas agglomerates in their nuclei.

J. Lim; S. Leon; F. Combes; Dinh-V-Trung

2000-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

43

Environmentally benign scouring of wool fibers using mesophile acidic lipase  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Surfaces of raw wool fibers possess high amounts of greasy substances...Bacillus licheniformis...(MTCC 2618) were produced with the optimum activity levels closer to the room temperature. Scouring of wool fibers ...

D. Saravanan; C. A. Anusuya; Bharathi B. Divya; M. Usha

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Carbon Fiber Consortium | Partnerships | ORNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Carbon Fiber Consortium SHARE Carbon Fiber Consortium Oak Ridge Carbon Fiber Composites Consortium The Oak Ridge Carbon Fiber Composites Consortium was established in 2011 to...

45

Polyethylene fiber drawing optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Polymer fiber drawing creates fibers with enhanced thermal conductivity and strength compared to bulk polymer because drawing aligns the molecular chains. I optimize the polymer fiber drawing method in order to achieve ...

Chiloyan, Vazrik

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Strong fibers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This program was directed to a new and generic approach to the development of new materials with novel and interesting properties, and to the precision fabrication of these materials in one and two-dimensional forms. Advanced deposition processes and microfabrication technology were used to produce fibers and grids of metals, semiconductors, ceramics, and mixtures of controlled composition and structure, and with new and interesting mechanical and physical properties. Deposition processes included electron beam evaporation, co-deposition of mixtures by dual electron beam evaporation, thermal evaporation, sputtering of a single element or compound, sputtering of a single element in a gaseous atmosphere to produce compounds, plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD), low pressure chemical vapor deposition (LPCVD), and selective tungsten chemical vapor deposition (W-CVD). The approach was to use the deposition processes in coordination with patterns generated by optical lithography to produce fibers with transverse dimensions in the micron range, and lengths from less than a millimeter to several centimeters. The approach is also applicable to the production of two-dimensional grids and particulates of controlled sizes and geometries.

Li, Che-Yu.

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

STRUCTUREu DITERPENE ELUCIDATION FROM 1 3 C NMR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in natural product chemistry. There are many useful spectroscopic methods of getting information about pro- ducts chemistry. NMR spectroscopy is the best method for complete structure elucidation products (not proteins), only 1 H NMR and 1 3 C NMR spectroscopy, including combined methods such as 2D NMR

Dzeroski, Saso

48

Microwave Radiometer 3 Channel (MWR3C) Handbook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The microwave radiometer 3-channel (MWR3C) provides time-series measurements of brightness temperatures from three channels centered at 23.834, 30, and 89 GHz. These three channels are sensitive to the presence of liquid water and precipitable water vapor.

Cadeddu, MP

2012-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

49

3, 871898, 2007 Changes in C3/C4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CPD 3, 871­898, 2007 Changes in C3/C4 vegetation in the Central Himalayas M. Mampuku et al. Title Printer-friendly Version Interactive Discussion EGU Clim. Past Discuss., 3, 871­898, 2007 www.clim-past-discuss.net/3/871/2007/ © Author(s) 2007. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Climate

Boyer, Edmond

50

The dynamics and environmental impact of 3C 452  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Papers The dynamics and environmental impact of 3C 452 D. L...because the current generation of X-ray telescopes...abundance fixed at solar. The two apec models...abundance fixed to 0.3 solar to the background-subtracted...2005a). 5.3 Environmental impact We can make a rough......

D. L. Shelton; M. J. Hardcastle; J. H. Croston

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Fiber optic connector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fiber optic connector and method for connecting composite materials within which optical fibers are imbedded. The fiber optic connector includes a capillary tube for receiving optical fibers at opposing ends. The method involves inserting a first optical fiber into the capillary tube and imbedding the unit in the end of a softened composite material. The capillary tube is injected with a coupling medium which subsequently solidifies. The composite material is machined to a desired configuration. An external optical fiber is then inserted into the capillary tube after fluidizing the coupling medium, whereby the optical fibers are coupled.

Rajic, Slobodan (Knoxville, TN); Muhs, Jeffrey D. (Lenior City, TN)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Electronic and optical properties of Co-doped 3C-SiC from density functional calculations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Structural properties along with the electronic and optical properties of intrinsic 3C-SiC and Co doped 3C-SiC are calculated using the first principles method based on the density functional theory. The calculated results show that the Fermi level locates at the valence band maximum in the pure 3C-SiC, while it shifts to the conduction band and exhibits metal-like characteristic after Co atoms are introduced into the SiC supercell. The calculated electronic structures indicate that the number of the energy levels in upper valence band substantially increased after Co doping, which is attributed to the Co-3d states. The optical property calculation suggests that the intensity of the photoluminescence (PL) spectrum is determined by the bandgap and the location of PL peak is associated with the optical absorption.

P.L. Zhou; S.K. Zheng; Lei Ma; Jingfang He; Yan Tian; Ruqian Shi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Response of Nanocrystalline 3C Silicon Carbide to Heavy-Ion Irradiatio...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Nanocrystalline 3C Silicon Carbide to Heavy-Ion Irradiation. Response of Nanocrystalline 3C Silicon Carbide to Heavy-Ion Irradiation. Abstract: Nanostructured materials are...

54

Stage 3c: Developing and Assessing Low Emissions Development Scenarios |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Stage 3c: Developing and Assessing Low Emissions Development Scenarios Stage 3c: Developing and Assessing Low Emissions Development Scenarios Jump to: navigation, search Stage 3 LEDS Home Introduction to Framework Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities Develop_BAU Stage 4: Prioritizing and Planning for Actions Begin execution of implementation plans 1.0. Organizing the LEDS Process 1.1. Institutional Structure for LEDS 1.2. Workplan to Develop the LEDS 1.3. Roles and responsibilities to develop LEDS 2.1. Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities 2.2. Compile lessons learned and good practices from ongoing and previous sustainable development efforts in the country 2.3. Assess public and private sector capacity to support initiatives 2.4. Assess and improve the national GHG inventory and other

55

EXTENDING FIBER RESOURCES: FIBER LOADING RECYCLED FIBER AND MECHANICAL PULPS FOR LIGHTWEIGHT, HIGH OPACITY PAPER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

alkalinity, precipitates calcium carbonate (PCC) in situ within pulp fibers. Because paper made from fiber include increasing the recovery and utilization of recycled fiber and optimizing virgin fiber yieldEXTENDING FIBER RESOURCES: FIBER LOADING RECYCLED FIBER AND MECHANICAL PULPS FOR LIGHTWEIGHT, HIGH

Abubakr, Said

56

Low Cost Carbon Fiber.pub  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Carbon Fiber Production Carbon Fiber Production Carbon Fiber Manufacturing Cost Modeling Oak Ridge National Laboratory managed by UT-Battelle, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract number DE-AC05-00OR22725 Research Areas Freight Flows Passenger Flows Supply Chain Efficiency Transportation: Energy Environment Safety Security Vehicle Technologies Research Brief Background The automotive industry has long been identified by carbon fiber manufacturers as a market with substantial growth potential. When manufactured with carbon fiber as opposed to traditional materials such as steel, automotive parts are able to achieve requisite levels of strength and stiffness with significantly less overall vehicle weight. These potential large reductions in vehicle weight, in turn, afford the

57

Combined photoelectron spectroscopy and ab initio study of the hypermetallic Al3C molecule  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Combined photoelectron spectroscopy and ab initio study of the hypermetallic Al3C molecule February 1999 The chemical structure and bonding of the hypermetallic Al3C and Al3C species have been studied by photoelectron spectroscopy and ab initio calculations. Al3C is found to have a planar

Simons, Jack

58

469nm Fiber Laser Source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have demonstrated 466mW of 469nm light from a frequency doubled continuous wave fiber laser. The system consisted of a 938nm single frequency laser diode master oscillator, which was amplified in two stages to 5 Watts using cladding pumped Nd{sup 3+} fiber amplifiers and then frequency doubled in a single pass through periodically poled KTP. The 3cm long PPKTP crystal was made by Raicol Crystals Ltd. with a period of 5.9 {micro}m and had a phase match temperature of 47 degrees Centigrade. The beam was focused to a 1/e{sup 2} diameter in the crystal of 29 {micro}m. Overall conversion efficiency was 11% and the results agreed well with standard models. Our 938nm fiber amplifier design minimizes amplified spontaneous emission at 1088nm by employing an optimized core to cladding size ratio. This design allows the 3-level transition to operate at high inversion, thus making it competitive with the 1088nm 4-level transition. We have also carefully chosen the fiber coil diameter to help suppress propagation of wavelengths longer than 938 nm. At 2 Watts, the 938nm laser had an M{sup 2} of 1.1 and good polarization (correctable with a quarter and half wave plate to >10:1).

Drobshoff, A; Dawson, J W; Pennington, D M; Payne, S A; Beach, R

2005-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

59

Multimaterial fiber electronics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As the number of materials that are thermally-drawable into fibers is rapidly expending, numerous new multimaterial fiber architectures can be envisioned and fabricated. High-melting temperature metals, compound materials, ...

Lestoquoy, Guillaume

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Fiber draw synthesis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The synthesis of a high-melting temperature semiconductor in a low-temperature fiber drawing process is demonstrated, substantially expanding the set of materials that can be incorporated into fibers. Reagents in the solid ...

Orf, Nicholas D.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Dark Fiber Testbed  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

US) 1 510-486-7600 (Globally) 1 510-486-7607 (Globally) Report Network Problems: trouble@es.net Provide Web Site Feedback: info@es.net Dark Fiber Testbed Info on dark fiber testbed...

62

Fiber optic coupled optical sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A displacement sensor includes a first optical fiber for radiating light to a target, and a second optical fiber for receiving light from the target. The end of the first fiber is adjacent and not axially aligned with the second fiber end. A lens focuses light from the first fiber onto the target and light from the target onto the second fiber.

Fleming, Kevin J. (Albuquerque, NM)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Fiber optic detector for immuno-testing  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A portable fiber optic detector that senses the presence of specific target chemicals in air or a gas by exchanging the target chemical for a fluoroescently-tagged antigen that is bound to an antibody which is in turn attached to an optical fiber. Replacing the fluorescently-tagged antigen reduces the fluorescence so that a photon sensing detector records the reduced light level and activates an appropriate alarm or indicator.

Partin, Judy K. (Idaho Falls, ID); Ward, Thomas E. (Idaho Falls, ID); Grey, Alan E. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Fiber coating method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A coating is applied to reinforcing fibers arranged into a tow by coaxially aligning the tow with an adjacent separation layer and winding or wrapping the tow and separation layer onto a support structure in an interleaved manner so that the separation layer separates a wrap of the tow from an adjacent wrap of the tow. A coating can then be uniformly applied to the reinforcing fibers without defects caused by fiber tow to fiber tow contact. The separation layer can be a carbon fiber veil.

Corman, Gregory Scot (Ballston Lake, NY)

2003-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

65

Fiber coating method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A coating is applied to reinforcing fibers arranged into a tow by coaxially aligning the tow with an adjacent separation layer and winding or wrapping the tow and separation layer onto a support structure in an interleaved manner so that the separation layer separates a wrap of the tow from an adjacent wrap of the tow. A coating can then be uniformly applied to the reinforcing fibers without defects caused by fiber tow to fiber tow contact. The separation layer can be a carbon fiber veil.

Corman, Gregory Scot (Ballston Lake, NY)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Fiber optic laser rod  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A laser rod is formed from a plurality of optical fibers, each forming an individual laser. Synchronization of the individual fiber lasers is obtained by evanescent wave coupling between adjacent optical fiber cores. The fiber cores are dye-doped and spaced at a distance appropriate for evanescent wave coupling at the wavelength of the selected dye. An interstitial material having an index of refraction lower than that of the fiber core provides the optical isolation for effective lasing action while maintaining the cores at the appropriate coupling distance. 2 figs.

Erickson, G.F.

1988-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

67

Development of potent inhibitors of the coxsackievirus 3C protease  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) 3C protease (3CP) plays essential roles in the viral replication cycle, and therefore, provides an attractive therapeutic target for treatment of human diseases caused by CVB3 infection. CVB3 3CP and human rhinovirus (HRV) 3CP have a high degree of amino acid sequence similarity. Comparative modeling of these two 3CPs revealed one prominent distinction; an Asn residue delineating the S2' pocket in HRV 3CP is replaced by a Tyr residue in CVB3 3CP. AG7088, a potent inhibitor of HRV 3CP, was modified by substitution of the ethyl group at the P2' position with various hydrophobic aromatic rings that are predicted to interact preferentially with the Tyr residue in the S2' pocket of CVB3 3CP. The resulting derivatives showed dramatically increased inhibitory activities against CVB3 3CP. In addition, one of the derivatives effectively inhibited the CVB3 proliferation in vitro.

Lee, Eui Seung [Department of Life Science, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, 1 Oryong-dong, Buk-gu, Gwangju 500-712 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Won Gil [Department of Life Science, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, 1 Oryong-dong, Buk-gu, Gwangju 500-712 (Korea, Republic of); Yun, Soo-Hyeon [Department of Medicine, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Cardiac and Vascular Center, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul 135-710 (Korea, Republic of); Rho, Seong Hwan [Department of Life Science, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, 1 Oryong-dong, Buk-gu, Gwangju 500-712 (Korea, Republic of); Im, Isak [Department of Life Science, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, 1 Oryong-dong, Buk-gu, Gwangju 500-712 (Korea, Republic of); Yang, Sung Tae [Department of Life Science, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, 1 Oryong-dong, Buk-gu, Gwangju 500-712 (Korea, Republic of); Sellamuthu, Saravanan [Department of Life Science, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, 1 Oryong-dong, Buk-gu, Gwangju 500-712 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Yong Jae [Department of Life Science, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, 1 Oryong-dong, Buk-gu, Gwangju 500-712 (Korea, Republic of); Kwon, Sun Jae [School of Life Science and Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul 136-701 (Korea, Republic of); Park, Ohkmae K. [School of Life Science and Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul 136-701 (Korea, Republic of); Jeon, Eun-Seok [Department of Medicine, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Cardiac and Vascular Center, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul 135-710 (Korea, Republic of); Park, Woo Jin [Department of Life Science, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, 1 Oryong-dong, Buk-gu, Gwangju 500-712 (Korea, Republic of)]. E-mail: wjpark@gist.ac.kr; Kim, Yong-Chul [Department of Life Science, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, 1 Oryong-dong, Buk-gu, Gwangju 500-712 (Korea, Republic of)]. E-mail: yongchul@gist.ac.kr

2007-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

68

Atomic Computer Simulations of Defect Migration in 3C and 4H...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Computer Simulations of Defect Migration in 3C and 4H-SiC. Atomic Computer Simulations of Defect Migration in 3C and 4H-SiC. Abstract: Knowledge of the migration of intrinsic point...

69

Multi-watt 589nm fiber laser source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have demonstrated 3.5W of 589nm light from a fiber laser using periodically poled stoichiometric Lithium Tantalate (PPSLT) as the frequency conversion crystal. The system employs 938nm and 1583nm fiber lasers, which were sum-frequency mixed in PPSLT to generate 589nm light. The 938nm fiber laser consists of a single frequency diode laser master oscillator (200mW), which was amplified in two stages to >15W using cladding pumped Nd{sup 3+} fiber amplifiers. The fiber amplifiers operate at 938nm and minimize amplified spontaneous emission at 1088nm by employing a specialty fiber design, which maximizes the core size relative to the cladding diameter. This design allows the 3-level laser system to operate at high inversion, thus making it competitive with the competing 1088nm 4-level laser transition. At 15W, the 938nm laser has an M{sup 2} of 1.1 and good polarization (correctable with a quarter and half wave plate to >15:1). The 1583nm fiber laser consists of a Koheras 1583nm fiber DFB laser that is pre-amplified to 100mW, phase modulated and then amplified to 14W in a commercial IPG fiber amplifier. As a part of our research efforts we are also investigating pulsed laser formats and power scaling of the 589nm system. We will discuss the fiber laser design and operation as well as our results in power scaling at 589nm.

DAWSON, J W; DROBSHOFF, A D; BEACH, R J; MESSERLY, M J; PAYNE, S A; BROWN, A; PENNINGTON, D M; BAMFORD, D J; SHARPE, S J; COOK, D J

2006-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

70

Optical Fibers Optics and Photonics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optical Fibers Optics and Photonics Dr. Palffy-Muhoray Ines Busuladzic Department of Theoretical and Applied Mathematics The University of Akron April 21, 2008 #12;Outline · History of optical fibers · What are optical fibers? · How are optical fibers made? · Light propagation through optical fibers · Application

Palffy-Muhoray, Peter

71

Continuous Fiber Ceramic Composites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fiber-reinforced ceramic composites demonstrate the high-temperature stability of ceramics--with an increased fracture toughness resulting from the fiber reinforcement of the composite. The material optimization performed under the continuous fiber ceramic composites (CFCC) included a series of systematic optimizations. The overall goals were to define the processing window, to increase the robustinous of the process, to increase process yield while reducing costs, and to define the complexity of parts that could be fabricated.

None

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Carbon Fiber Technology Facility  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

- 4M AMO - 1.5M VTP - Remainder covered by carry- over and ARRA project contingency * Cost of carbon fiber * Technology scaling * Market development * Workforce development * Oak...

73

Abnormal spectral evolution of fiber Bragg gratings in hydrogenated fibers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report the observation of abnormal spectral evolution in regenerated fiber Bragg gratings in hydrogenated BGe-codoped and standard telecom fiber with UV overexposure. The...

Liu, Y; Williams, J A R; Zhang, L; Bennion, I

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Lower Cost Carbon Fiber Precursors  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

performing fiber. (600-750 KSI) Barriers: Addresses the need for higher performance low cost fiber for hydrogen storage tanks and energy management structures of automobiles....

75

Diamond fiber field emitters  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A field emission electron emitter comprising an electrode formed of at least one diamond, diamond-like carbon or glassy carbon composite fiber, said composite fiber having a non-diamond core and a diamond, diamond-like carbon or glassy carbon coating on said non-diamond core, and electronic devices employing such a field emission electron emitter.

Blanchet-Fincher, Graciela B. (Wilmington, DE); Coates, Don M. (Santa Fe, NM); Devlin, David J. (Los Alamos, NM); Eaton, David F. (Wilmington, DE); Silzars, Aris K. (Landenburg, PA); Valone, Steven M. (Santa Fe, NM)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Multimode optical fiber  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A depressed graded-index multimode optical fiber includes a central core, an inner depressed cladding, a depressed trench, an outer depressed cladding, and an outer cladding. The central core has an alpha-index profile. The depressed claddings limit the impact of leaky modes on optical-fiber performance characteristics (e.g., bandwidth, core size, and/or numerical aperture).

Bigot-Astruc, Marianne; Molin, Denis; Sillard, Pierre

2014-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

77

Fiber optic hydrophone  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A miniature fiber optic hydrophone based on the principles of a Fabry-Perot interferometer. The hydrophone, in one embodiment, includes a body having a shaped flexible bladder at one end which defines a volume containing air or suitable gas, and including a membrane disposed adjacent a vent. An optic fiber extends into the body with one end terminating in spaced relation to the membrane. Acoustic waves in the water that impinge on the bladder cause the pressure of the volume therein to vary causing the membrane to deflect and modulate the reflectivity of the Fabry-Perot cavity formed by the membrane surface and the cleaved end of the optical fiber disposed adjacent to the membrane. When the light is transmitted down the optical fiber, the reflected signal is amplitude modulated by the incident acoustic wave. Another embodiment utilizes a fluid filled volume within which the fiber optic extends.

Kuzmenko, Paul J. (Livermore, CA); Davis, Donald T. (Livermore, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Fiber optic hydrophone  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A miniature fiber optic hydrophone based on the principles of a Fabry-Perot interferometer is disclosed. The hydrophone, in one embodiment, includes a body having a shaped flexible bladder at one end which defines a volume containing air or suitable gas, and including a membrane disposed adjacent a vent. An optical fiber extends into the body with one end terminating in spaced relation to the membrane. Acoustic waves in the water that impinge on the bladder cause the pressure of the volume therein to vary causing the membrane to deflect and modulate the reflectivity of the Fabry-Perot cavity formed by the membrane surface and the cleaved end of the optical fiber disposed adjacent to the membrane. When the light is transmitted down the optical fiber, the reflected signal is amplitude modulated by the incident acoustic wave. Another embodiment utilizes a fluid filled volume within which the fiber optic extends. 2 figures.

Kuzmenko, P.J.; Davis, D.T.

1994-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

79

Low Cost Carbon Fiber Production Carbon Fiber Manufacturing Cost Modeling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Low Cost Carbon Fiber Production Carbon Fiber Manufacturing Cost Modeling Oak Ridge National fiber reinforced composites have enjoyed limited acceptance in the automotive industry due to high costs to bond with composite matrix material. It is important that a carbon fiber manufacturing cost model

80

Data:B54b21de-3c63-405a-9ea9-f152c09b3c13 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b21de-3c63-405a-9ea9-f152c09b3c13 b21de-3c63-405a-9ea9-f152c09b3c13 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Rockwood, Tennessee (Utility Company) Effective date: 2012/12/01 End date if known: Rate name: Residential Sector: Residential Description: "applies only to electric service to a single-family dwelling and its appurtenances, where the major use of electricity is for domestic purposes such as lighting, household appliances, and the personal comfort and convenience of those residing therein..." Source or reference: http://www.rockwoodelectric.com/rates.asp

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Fiber optic hydrogen sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus and method for detecting a chemical substance by exposing an optic fiber having a core and a cladding to the chemical substance so that the chemical substance can be adsorbed onto the surface of the cladding. The optic fiber is coiled inside a container having a pair of valves for controlling the entrance and exit of the substance. Light from a light source is received by one end of the optic fiber, preferably external to the container, and carried by the core of the fiber. Adsorbed substance changes the transmissivity of the fiber as measured by a spectrophotometer at the other end, also preferably external to the container. Hydrogen is detected by the absorption of infrared light carried by an optic fiber with a silica cladding. Since the adsorption is reversible, a sensor according to the present invention can be used repeatedly. Multiple positions in a process system can be monitored using a single container that can be connected to each location to be monitored so that a sample can be obtained for measurement, or, alternatively, containers can be placed near each position and the optic fibers carrying the partially-absorbed light can be multiplexed for rapid sequential reading by a single spectrophotometer.

Buchanan, Bruce R. (1985 Willis, Batesburg, SC 29006); Prather, William S. (2419 Dickey Rd., Augusta, GA 30906)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Fiber optic hydrogen sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Apparatus and method for detecting a chemical substance by exposing an optic fiber having a core and a cladding to the chemical substance so that the chemical substance can be adsorbed onto the surface of the cladding. The optic fiber is coiled inside a container having a pair of valves for controlling the entrance and exit of the substance. Light from a light source is received by one end of the optic fiber, preferably external to the container, and carried by the core of the fiber. Adsorbed substance changes the transmissivity of the fiber as measured by a spectrophotometer at the other end, also preferably external to the container. Hydrogen is detected by the absorption of infrared light carried by an optic fiber with a silica cladding. Since the adsorption is reversible, a sensor according to the present invention can be used repeatedly. Multiple positions in a process system can be monitored using a single container that can be connected to each location to be monitored so that a sample can be obtained for measurement, or, alternatively, containers can be placed near each position and the optic fibers carrying the partially-absorbed light can be multiplexed for rapid sequential reading, by a single spectrophotometer.

Buchanan, B.R.; Prather, W.S.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Fiber optic hydrogen sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus and method are described for detecting a chemical substance by exposing an optic fiber having a core and a cladding to the chemical substance so that the chemical substance can be adsorbed onto the surface of the cladding. The optic fiber is coiled inside a container having a pair of valves for controlling the entrance and exit of the substance. Light from a light source is received by one end of the optic fiber, preferably external to the container, and carried by the core of the fiber. Adsorbed substance changes the transmissivity of the fiber as measured by a spectrophotometer at the other end, also preferably external to the container. Hydrogen is detected by the absorption of infrared light carried by an optic fiber with a silica cladding. Since the adsorption is reversible, a sensor according to the present invention can be used repeatedly. Multiple positions in a process system can be monitored using a single container that can be connected to each location to be monitored so that a sample can be obtained for measurement, or, alternatively, containers can be placed near each position and the optic fibers carrying the partially-absorbed light can be multiplexed for rapid sequential reading by a single spectrophotometer. 4 figs.

Buchanan, B.R.; Prather, W.S.

1992-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

84

Cryogenic fluid level sensors multiplexed by frequency-shifted interferometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a liquid level sensing system for cryogenic fluids based on an array of aluminum-coated fiber Bragg gratings written in high-attenuation fibers (HAFs) interrogated by...

Ye, Fei; Chen, Tong; Xu, Di; Chen, Kevin P; Qi, Bing; Qian, Li

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

V-010: 3Com, HP, and H3C Switches SNMP Configuration Lets Remote Users Take  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

10: 3Com, HP, and H3C Switches SNMP Configuration Lets Remote 10: 3Com, HP, and H3C Switches SNMP Configuration Lets Remote Users Take Administrative Actions V-010: 3Com, HP, and H3C Switches SNMP Configuration Lets Remote Users Take Administrative Actions October 25, 2012 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: 3Com, HP, and H3C Switches SNMP Configuration Lets Remote Users Take Administrative Actions PLATFORM: 3COM, and H3C Routers & Switches Specific products and model numbers is provided in the vendor's advisory. ABSTRACT: A vulnerability was reported in 3Com, HP, and H3C Switches. REFERENCE LINKS: HP Support document ID: c03515685 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1027694 CVE-2012-3268 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High DISCUSSION: A remote user with knowledge of the SNMP public community string can access potentially sensitive data (e.g., user names, passwords) in the

86

Visible fiber lasers for applications in Medical and Science  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We will review the progress in watt level power fiber lasers in the visible range (520 to 780 nm range). We will then describe main applications in Ophthalmology (retinal...

Jacquemet, Mathieu; Mugnier, Alain; Lebref, Ronan; Pureur, David

87

Fiber alignment apparatus and method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fiber alignment apparatus includes a micro-machined nickel spring that captures and locks arrays of single mode fibers into position. The design consists of a movable nickel leaf shaped spring and a fixed pocket where fibers are held. The fiber is slid between the spring and a fixed block, which tensions the spring. When the fiber reaches the pocket, it automatically falls into the pocket and is held by the pressure of the leaf spring.

Kravitz, Stanley H. (Placitas, NM); Warren, Mial Evans (Albuquerque, NM); Snipes, Jr., Morris Burton (Albuquerque, NM); Armendariz, Marcelino Guadalupe (Albuquerque, NM); Word, V., James Cole (Albuqueruqe, NM)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Optoelectronic fiber interface design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent developments in materials science have led to the development of an exciting, new class of fibers which integrate metals, semiconductors and insulators in the same codrawing process. Various electrical devices have ...

Spencer, Matthew Edmund

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Multimaterial rectifying device fibers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electronic and optoelectronic device processing is commonly thought to be incompatible with much simpler thermal drawing techniques used in optical fiber production. The incorporation of metals, polymer insulators, and ...

Orf, Nicholas D

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Multimaterial multifunctional fiber devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optical fibers and semiconductor devices differ significantly in their properties and their processing approaches. The latter require an assembly of metal, insulator and semiconductor materials into complex geometries with ...

Sorin, Fabien

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Dark Soliton Fiber Laser  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on the experimental observation of stable dark solitons in an all normal dispersion fiber laser. We found experimentally that dark soliton formation is a generic feature of the fiber laser under strong continuous wave (CW) emission. However, only under appropriate pump strength and negative cavity feedback, stable single or multiple dark soliton could be achieved. Furthermore, we show that the features of the observed dark solitons could be well understood based on the nonlinear Schrodinger equation (NLSE).

H. Zhang; D. Y. Tang; L. M. Zhao; X. Wu; Q. L. Bao; K. P. Loh

2009-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

92

Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composite Manufacturing Workshop: Summary...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

for carbon fiber, including bio-based materials or natural gas; lower energy conversion of white fiber to carbon fiber; and composite manufacturing. Dr. Johnson then...

93

High Power 938nm Cladding Pumped Fiber Laser  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have developed a Nd:doped cladding pumped fiber amplifier, which operates at 938nm with greater than 2W of output power. The core co-dopants were specifically chosen to enhance emission at 938nm. The fiber was liquid nitrogen cooled in order to achieve four-level laser operation on a laser transition that is normally three level at room temperature, thus permitting efficient cladding pumping of the amplifier. Wavelength selective attenuation was induced by bending the fiber around a mandrel, which permitted near complete suppression of amplified spontaneous emission at 1088nm. We are presently seeking to scale the output of this laser to 10W. We will discuss the fiber and laser design issues involved in scaling the laser to the 10W power level and present our most recent results.

Dawson, J; Beach, R; Brobshoff, A; Liao, Z; Payne, S; Pennington, D; Taylor, L; Hackenberg, W; Bonaccini, D

2002-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

94

Optical and optoelectronic fiber devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ability to integrate materials with disparate electrical, thermal, and optical properties into a single fiber structure enabled the realization of fiber devices with diverse and complex functionalities. Amongst those, ...

Shapira, Ofer, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Silicon fiber optic sensors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A Fabry-Perot cavity is formed by a partially or wholly reflective surface on the free end of an integrated elongate channel or an integrated bounding wall of a chip of a wafer and a partially reflective surface on the end of the optical fiber. Such a constructed device can be utilized to detect one or more physical parameters, such as, for example, strain, through the optical fiber using an optical detection system to provide measuring accuracies of less than aboutb0.1%.

Pocha, Michael D. (Livermore, CA); Swierkowski, Steve P. (Livermore, CA); Wood, Billy E. (Livermore, CA)

2007-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

96

Automated fiber pigtailing machine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The Automated Fiber Pigtailing Machine (AFPM) aligns and attaches optical fibers to optoelectronic (OE) devices such as laser diodes, photodiodes, and waveguide devices without operator intervention. The so-called pigtailing process is completed with sub-micron accuracies in less than 3 minutes. The AFPM operates unattended for one hour, is modular in design and is compatible with a mass production manufacturing environment. This machine can be used to build components which are used in military aircraft navigation systems, computer systems, communications systems and in the construction of diagnostics and experimental systems. 26 figs.

Strand, O.T.; Lowry, M.E.

1999-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

97

Data:34702ed8-2f91-4f3c-af4a-a423d3c483ad | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ed8-2f91-4f3c-af4a-a423d3c483ad ed8-2f91-4f3c-af4a-a423d3c483ad No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Wheat Belt Public Power Dist Effective date: 2013/04/01 End date if known: Rate name: Large Power (C-1) Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: http://www.wheatbelt.com/uploaded/pdf/13572235352013RSC-1.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

98

Data:Fd677d3c-5c3c-4a0c-a499-9eac124aadbc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

d3c-5c3c-4a0c-a499-9eac124aadbc d3c-5c3c-4a0c-a499-9eac124aadbc No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Entergy Louisiana Inc Effective date: 2006/01/31 End date if known: Rate name: RIDER TO SCHEDULE LIPS Sector: Industrial Description: This Rider Schedule is applicable, subject to the terms and conditions hereinafter set forth, to additional service in conjunction with Firm Power Service to Customer under Rate Schedule LIPS, when prearrangement has been made for the installation of facilities of adequate capacity and suitable phase and voltage adjacent to the premises to be served. All service is supplied at one location and at the voltage prescribed in Rate Schedule LIPS so as to permit delivery and metering of the total service at a single point of delivery and by a single metering installation

99

Data:4f8c086e-5380-4b3c-9de8-d3c40bec473c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

e-5380-4b3c-9de8-d3c40bec473c e-5380-4b3c-9de8-d3c40bec473c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Reedsburg Utility Comm Effective date: 2011/06/01 End date if known: Rate name: Gs-2 General Service Single Phase Optional Time-of-Day 8am-8pm with Parallel Generation(20kW or less) Sector: Commercial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0785 per kilowatt-hour.

100

Data:E91145e4-aad5-41d0-98ba-b697d3c3c52a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

aad5-41d0-98ba-b697d3c3c52a aad5-41d0-98ba-b697d3c3c52a No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Hustisford Utilities Effective date: 2008/09/30 End date if known: Rate name: Cp-2 Large Power Service above 200kW Demand Time-of-Day Service with Parallel Generation(20kW or less) Sector: Industrial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0720 per kilowatt-hour.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Data:6424cc68-aa3c-42aa-ad29-b80ed6e62e3c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

8-aa3c-42aa-ad29-b80ed6e62e3c 8-aa3c-42aa-ad29-b80ed6e62e3c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Village of Prairie Du Sac, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2006/06/15 End date if known: Rate name: Cp-2 Large Power Time-of-Day Service Primary Metering & Transformer Ownership Discount with Parallel Generation(20kW or less) Sector: Industrial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0583 per kilowatt-hour.

102

*** How PAN based Carbon Fibers are  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

*** How PAN based Carbon Fibers are Manufactured *** How Carbon Fiber Material Properties are Achieved *** Carbon Fiber Markets/Applications CarbonFiber AerospaceEngineeringGuestLecture: Friday as a Business Development Manager for Amoco's carbon fiber business unit (manufacturers of T-300 carbon fiber

Hu, Hui

103

Large core fiber optic cleaver  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention relates to a device and method for cleaving optical fibers which yields cleaved optical fiber ends possessing high damage threshold surfaces. The device can be used to cleave optical fibers with core diameters greater than 400 {micro}m. 30 figs.

Halpin, J.M.

1996-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

104

Aerogel-clad optical fiber  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical fiber is surrounded by an aerogel cladding. For a low density aerogel, the index of refraction of the aerogel is close to that of air, which provides a high numerical aperture to the optical fiber. Due to the high numerical aperture, the aerogel clad optical fiber has improved light collection efficiency.

Sprehn, Gregory A. (Livermore, CA); Hrubesh, Lawrence W. (Pleasanton, CA); Poco, John F. (Livermore, CA); Sandler, Pamela H. (San Marino, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Archive Reference Buildings by Climate Zone: 3C San Francisco, California |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

C San Francisco, C San Francisco, California Archive Reference Buildings by Climate Zone: 3C San Francisco, California Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available. You can download ZIP files that contain the following: An EnergyPlus software input file (.idf) An html file showing the results from the EnergyPlus simulation (.html) A spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location (.xls) The EnergyPlus TMY2 weather file (.epw). benchmark-v1.0_3.0-3c_ca_san_francisco.zip benchmark-v1.1_3.1-3c_usa_ca_san_francisco.zip benchmark-new-v1.2_4.0-3c_usa_ca_san_francisco.zip

106

A 3D-3C Reflection Seismic Survey and Data Integration to Identify...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

to Identify the Seismic Response of Fractures and Permeable Zones Over a Known Geothermal Resource at Soda Lake, Churchhill Co., NV A 3D-3C Reflection Seismic Survey and Data...

107

Introgression & mapping Fiber cell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Germplasm Introgression Genomics & mapping Fiber cell initiation Radiation hybrid (RH) mapping and breeding. Research activities commonly include plant breeding, genetics, genomics, cytogenetics, molecular methods. (C, S) · Contribute uniquely to genomics and its relevance to genetic improvement (C,S) · Harness

108

Data:3c461b87-cdf8-4a2c-afbe-0021e556ef3c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

c461b87-cdf8-4a2c-afbe-0021e556ef3c c461b87-cdf8-4a2c-afbe-0021e556ef3c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Schuyler, Nebraska (Utility Company) Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Irrigation Service- No Control (Less than 10 Hp) Sector: Commercial Description: The irrigation season is generally seven months, between March 15 and October 14. The Department of Utilities may disconnect the transformers between October 15 and March 14 to reduce power loss. At locations where the Department has provided facilities for irrigation service, the Customer may use the

109

Data:1189a3c9-6707-4a3c-88f1-d325851b41eb | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

c9-6707-4a3c-88f1-d325851b41eb c9-6707-4a3c-88f1-d325851b41eb No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Village of Bethel, Ohio (Utility Company) Effective date: 2012/02/01 End date if known: Rate name: Commercial- Three Phase Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: Binder #5B (Illinois State University) Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

110

Systems Analysis of an Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycle Based on a Modified UREX+3c Process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The research described in this report was performed under a grant from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to describe and compare the merits of two advanced alternative nuclear fuel cycles -- named by this study as the UREX+3c fuel cycle and the Alternative Fuel Cycle (AFC). Both fuel cycles were assumed to support 100 1,000 MWe light water reactor (LWR) nuclear power plants operating over the period 2020 through 2100, and the fast reactors (FRs) necessary to burn the plutonium and minor actinides generated by the LWRs. Reprocessing in both fuel cycles is assumed to be based on the UREX+3c process reported in earlier work by the DOE. Conceptually, the UREX+3c process provides nearly complete separation of the various components of spent nuclear fuel in order to enable recycle of reusable nuclear materials, and the storage, conversion, transmutation and/or disposal of other recovered components. Output of the process contains substantially all of the plutonium, which is recovered as a 5:1 uranium/plutonium mixture, in order to discourage plutonium diversion. Mixed oxide (MOX) fuel for recycle in LWRs is made using this 5:1 U/Pu mixture plus appropriate makeup uranium. A second process output contains all of the recovered uranium except the uranium in the 5:1 U/Pu mixture. The several other process outputs are various waste streams, including a stream of minor actinides that are stored until they are consumed in future FRs. For this study, the UREX+3c fuel cycle is assumed to recycle only the 5:1 U/Pu mixture to be used in LWR MOX fuel and to use depleted uranium (tails) for the makeup uranium. This fuel cycle is assumed not to use the recovered uranium output stream but to discard it instead. On the other hand, the AFC is assumed to recycle both the 5:1 U/Pu mixture and all of the recovered uranium. In this case, the recovered uranium is reenriched with the level of enrichment being determined by the amount of recovered plutonium and the combined amount of the resulting MOX. The study considered two sub-cases within each of the two fuel cycles in which the uranium and plutonium from the first generation of MOX spent fuel (i) would not be recycled to produce a second generation of MOX for use in LWRs or (ii) would be recycled to produce a second generation of MOX fuel for use in LWRs. The study also investigated the effects of recycling MOX spent fuel multiple times in LWRs. The study assumed that both fuel cycles would store and then reprocess spent MOX fuel that is not recycled to produce a next generation of LWR MOX fuel and would use the recovered products to produce FR fuel. The study further assumed that FRs would begin to be brought on-line in 2043, eleven years after recycle begins in LWRs, when products from 5-year cooled spent MOX fuel would be available. Fuel for the FRs would be made using the uranium, plutonium, and minor actinides recovered from MOX. For the cases where LWR fuel was assumed to be recycled one time, the 1st generation of MOX spent fuel was used to provide nuclear materials for production of FR fuel. For the cases where the LWR fuel was assumed to be recycled two times, the 2nd generation of MOX spent fuel was used to provide nuclear materials for production of FR fuel. The number of FRs in operation was assumed to increase in successive years until the rate that actinides were recovered from permanently discharged spent MOX fuel equaled the rate the actinides were consumed by the operating fleet of FRs. To compare the two fuel cycles, the study analyzed recycle of nuclear fuel in LWRs and FRs and determined the radiological characteristics of irradiated nuclear fuel, nuclear waste products, and recycle nuclear fuels. It also developed a model to simulate the flows of nuclear materials that could occur in the two advanced nuclear fuel cycles over 81 years beginning in 2020 and ending in 2100. Simulations projected the flows of uranium, plutonium, and minor actinides as these nuclear fuel materials were produced and consumed in a fleet of 100 1,000 MWe LWRs and in FRs. The model als

E. R. Johnson; R. E. Best

2009-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

111

FIRST-PRINCIPLES CALCULATIONS OF CHARGE STATES AND FORMATION ENERGIES OF Mg TRANSMUTANT IN 3C-SIC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To investigate the thermodynamic and kinetic properties of various transmutants in 3C-SiC using density functional theory.

Hu, Shenyang Y.; Setyawan, Wahyu; Jiang, Weilin; Henager, Charles H.; Kurtz, Richard J.

2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

112

Fiber optic fluid detector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Particular gases or liquids are detected with a fiber optic element having a cladding or coating of a material which absorbs the fluid or fluids and which exhibits a change of an optical property, such as index of refraction, light transmissiveness or fluoresence emission, for example, in response to absorption of the fluid. The fluid is sensed by directing light into the fiber optic element and detecting changes in the light, such as exit angle changes for example, that result from the changed optical property of the coating material. The fluid detector may be used for such purposes as sensing toxic or explosive gases in the atmosphere, measuring ground water contamination or monitoring fluid flows in industrial processes, among other uses. 10 figs.

Angel, S.M.

1987-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

113

Long-period fiber grating as wavelength selective element in double-clad Yb-doped fiber-ring lasers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Long-period fiber grating as wavelength selective element in double-clad Yb-doped fiber-ring lasers, 42.79.Dj, 42.81.-i 1. Introduction Cladding-pumped ytterbium-doped fiber lasers belong presently fiber laser with the cladding-pumped YDF a significant increase of the average output power can

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

114

Fiber optic geophysical sensors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fiber optic geophysical sensor in which laser light is passed through a sensor interferometer in contact with a geophysical event, and a reference interferometer not in contact with the geophysical event but in the same general environment as the sensor interferometer. In one embodiment, a single tunable laser provides the laser light. In another embodiment, separate tunable lasers are used for the sensor and reference interferometers. The invention can find such uses as monitoring for earthquakes, and the weighing of objects.

Homuth, Emil F. (Los Alamos, NM)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Low loss elliptical core D-fiber to PANDA fiber fusion splicing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Elliptical core D-fiber is difficult to fusion splice to other types of fiber due to its small core and D-shaped cladding. The presented method of splicing D-fiber to PANDA fiber...

Kvavle, Joshua M; Schultz, Stephen M; Selfridge, Richard H

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Fiber lasers and amplifiers by: Khanh Kieu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· Active fibers · Laser performances · Cladding pump technology · Fiber laser research at the College fiber laser: > 1GW peak power! Tünnermann's group #12;What can fiber laser do? #12;Cladding pumpFiber lasers and amplifiers by: Khanh Kieu (02/28/2014) #12;Outlines · Introduction · History

Kieu, Khanh

117

Coated metal fiber coalescing cell  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A cell is described for coalescing oil droplets dispersed in a water emulsion including an elongated perforated tube core into which the emulsion is injected, layers of oleophilic plastic covered metal mat wound about the core through which the emulsion is forced to pass, the fibers of the metal mat being covered by oleophilic plastic such as vinyl, acrylic, polypropylene, polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride, the metal being in the form of layers of expanded metal or metal fibers, either aluminum or stainless steel. In manufacturing the cell a helix wound wire is formed around the cylindrical plastic coated metal to retain it in place and resist pressure drop of fluid flowing through the metal fibers. In addition, the preferred arrangement includes the use of an outer sleeve formed of a mat of fibrous material such as polyester fibers, acrylic fibers, modacrylic fibers and mixtures thereof.

Rutz, W.D.; Swain, R.J.

1980-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

118

EXTENDING FIBER RESOURCES: FIBER LOADING RECYCLED FIBERAND MECHANICAL PULPS FOR LIGHTWEIGHT, HIGH OPACITY PAPER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, precipitates calcium carbonate (PCC) in situ within pulp fibers. Because paper made from fiber-loaded pulp increasing the recovery and utilization of recycled fiber and optimizing virgin fiber yield by relying moreEXTENDING FIBER RESOURCES: FIBER LOADING RECYCLED FIBERAND MECHANICAL PULPS FOR LIGHTWEIGHT, HIGH

Abubakr, Said

119

Fe/Al2O3 C2H4 Hata mm/10 min  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fe/Al2O3 C2H4 () () () () () () () * () 1. (SWNT) SWNT (CVD) (CNT)[1] Hata mm/10 min SWNT (Super Growth)[2]Al2O3 Fe C2H4 SWNT Fe/Al2O3 C2H4 CVD SWNT CNT CNT 2 SiO2 Al2O3 20 (RBM) 1350 cm-1 (D-Band)Fe G/D RBM Fe SWNT Al 15 nm Fe 0.6 nm CVD TEM Fig. 3 3 nm SWNT

Maruyama, Shigeo

120

LongviewCowlitzFiberCX  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to add about three miles of aerial fiber optic cable to its Longview-Cowlitz...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Fiber reinforced hybrid phenolic foam.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Hybrid composites in recent times have been developed by using more than one type of fiber reinforcement to bestow synergistic properties of chosen filler and (more)

Desai, Amit

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

A CHANDRA SNAPSHOT SURVEY FOR 3C RADIO GALAXIES WITH REDSHIFTS BETWEEN 0.3 AND 0.5  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper contains an analysis of short Chandra observations of 19 3C sources with redshifts between 0.3 and 0.5 not previously observed in the X-rays. This sample is part of a project to obtain Chandra data for all of the extragalactic sources in the 3C catalog. Nuclear X-ray intensities as well as any X-ray emission associated with radio jet knots, hotspots, or lobes have been measured in three energy bands: soft, medium, and hard. Standard X-ray spectral analysis for the four brightest nuclei has also been performed. X-ray emission was detected for all the nuclei of the radio sources in the current sample with the exception of 3C 435A. There is one compact steep spectrum source while all the others are FR II radio galaxies. X-ray emission from two galaxy clusters (3C 19 and 3C 320), from six hotspots in four radio galaxies (3C 16, 3C 19, 3C 268.2, 3C 313), and extended X-ray emission on kiloparsec scales in 3C 187 and 3C 313, has been detected.

Massaro, F. [SLAC National Laboratory and Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, 2575 Sand Hill Road, Menlo Park, CA 94025 (United States)] [SLAC National Laboratory and Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, 2575 Sand Hill Road, Menlo Park, CA 94025 (United States); Harris, D. E.; Paggi, A. [Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)] [Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Tremblay, G. R. [European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, D-85748 Garching bei Muenchen (Germany)] [European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, D-85748 Garching bei Muenchen (Germany); Liuzzo, E. [Istituto di Radioastronomia, INAF, via Gobetti 101, I-40129, Bologna (Italy)] [Istituto di Radioastronomia, INAF, via Gobetti 101, I-40129, Bologna (Italy); Bonafede, A. [Hamburger Sternwarte, Universitaet Hamburg, Gojenbergsweg 112, D-21029 Hamburg (Germany)] [Hamburger Sternwarte, Universitaet Hamburg, Gojenbergsweg 112, D-21029 Hamburg (Germany)

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Magnetic ordering in the ammoniated fulleride (ND{sub 3})K{sub 3}C{sub 60}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Intercalation of C{sub 60} with alkali metals leads to superconducting compositions A{sub 3}C{sub 60} (A = alkali metal) with critical temperatures as high as 33 K, surpassed only by the high-{Tc} superconducting cuprates. It is well established that {Tc} increases monotonically with increasing interfullerene separation, d, as the density of states at the Fermi level, N({epsilon}{sub F}) increases. Of paramount importance is the search for new materials with larger lattice parameters in order to establish whether {Tc} can be driven to higher values or the anticipated band narrowing will lead to electron localization and a transition to a Mott insulator. Ammoniation has proven an excellent method to achieve large expansions of the fulleride unit cells, as neutral NH{sub 3} molecules coordinate to the alkali ions, leading to large effective radii for the (NH{sub 3}){sub x}A{sup +} species.

Prassides, K.; Margadonna, S.; Arcon, D.; Lappas, A.; Shimoda, Hideo; Iwasa, Yoshihiro

1999-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

124

Carbon Fiber Cluster Strategy | ornl.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Economic Development | Carbon Fiber Cluster Strategy SHARE Carbon Fiber Cluster Strategy ORNL has a 40-year history in R&D on fiber-reinforced composite materials, and has been...

125

Carbon Fiber Composite Cellular A Dissertation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Carbon Fiber Composite Cellular Structures ____________________________________ A Dissertation and honeycombs. However, for weight sensitive, ambient temperature applications, carbon fiber composites have emerged as a promising material due to its high specific strength and low density. Carbon fiber reinforced

Wadley, Haydn

126

Precursor and Fiber Evaluation | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

2009 -- Washington D.C. lm05warren.pdf More Documents & Publications Lower Cost, Higher Performance Carbon Fiber Low Cost Carbon Fiber Overview Lower Cost Carbon Fiber Precursors...

127

Fiber optic geophysical sensors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fiber optic geophysical sensor is described in which laser light is passed through a sensor interferometer in contact with a geophysical event, and a reference interferometer not in contact with the geophysical event but in the same general environment as the sensor interferometer. In one embodiment, a single tunable laser provides the laser light. In another embodiment, separate tunable lasers are used for the sensor and reference interferometers. The invention can find such uses as monitoring for earthquakes, and the weighing of objects. 2 figures.

Homuth, E.F.

1991-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

128

Fiber for the future  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is an interview with J.P. van Buijtenen, principal geneticist of the Texas Forest Service and professor at the Texas Agriculture Experiment Station, College Station, Texas. The maintenance of adequate supplies of wood and fiber for the pulp and paper industry is discussed. Tree improvement and more intensive forestry are highlighted as critical in attaining increased yields. Other topics discussed include: the establishment of second generation southern pine seed orchards, the economics of hardwood production in the South, and the future of short rotation energy plantations.

Not Available

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

The effect of dietary fiber components on bile pigments in hyperbilirubinemia: implications on colo-rectal cancer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to advance our knowledge concerning the 1 I physiological actions of nondigestible fiber. Fiber has been implica- ted as beneficial in preventing atherosclero is and cancer of the colon, though molecular mechanisms are unclear . Chitosan, a cationic fiber... rats, known to have natural hyperbilirubinemia, for possible bilirubin binding. Chitosan was shown to lower serum bilir ubin levels significantly (30% to 75%). Pectin had no significant effect on serum bilirubin levels in the Gunn rat, and u...

Jarmek, Jane Allen

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

130

Data:3c67a7c1-9c44-435c-9c3c-70daeb652095 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

7a7c1-9c44-435c-9c3c-70daeb652095 7a7c1-9c44-435c-9c3c-70daeb652095 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Cumberland, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2006/03/15 End date if known: Rate name: Cp-2 Large Power Service above 200kW Demand transformer Ownership Discount with Parallel Generation(20 kW or less)-Net Energy Billing Sector: Industrial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0294per kilowatt-hour.

131

X-rays from Sources 3C 273 and M 87  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...3C80KS1273 217+02 170 _160 i-4 2 4.70 7.00 80 _ I ' I 1 I I I I I I-* *InL 4,, 4 for x-ray emission by the synchroton process. As Felten points out in a recent discussion (8), the lifetime prob-lem is already difficult to explain, even...

H. Friedman; E. T. Byram

1967-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

132

Pressure Balance between Thermal and Non-Thermal Plasmas in the 3C129 Cluster  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With new Chandra observations of the cluster containing the two radio galaxies 3C129 and 3C129.1, we have made a fit to the X-ray surface brightness to obtain thermal pressures. VLA data at 1.4 GHz have been obtained to complement previous maps at 0.33 GHz and at 5 and 8 GHz. From these radio data, we are able to derive the minimum non-thermal pressure of various emitting volumes along the tail of 3C129 and in the lobes of 3C129.1. Under the assumption that the non-thermal plasma excludes significant thermal plasma, we may expect pressure balance for most features since ram pressure should be important only close to the cores of the galaxies. Since we find that the minimum non-thermal pressures are generally only a factor of a few below estimates of the ambient thermal pressure, we conclude that it is unlikely that relativistic protons contribute significantly to the total pressure. Reasonable contributions from low energy electrons and filling factors in the range 0.1 to 1 suffice to achieve pressure balance. Although we do not find strong signatures for the exclusion of hot gas from the radio structures, we find soft features near the cores of both galaxies suggestive of cool gas stripping and hard features associated with radio jets and possibly a leading bow shock.

D. E. Harris; H. Krawczynski

2003-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

133

Hubble Space Telescope Cycle 11 General Observer Proposal Imaging Quasar 3C 273  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the choices for formattedsubmission Principal Investigator: Ms. Christina Bunker Institution: State University of New York at Stony Brook United States Electronic mail: christina.bunker@gmail.com Scientific category.86 UVIS ACCUM F606W 2 Grand total orbit request 2 #12;Ms. Christina Bunker Imaging Quasar 3C 273

Walter, Frederick M.

134

Modelling the very high energy flare of 3C279 using one-zone leptonic model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Papers Modelling the very high energy flare of 3C279 using one-zone...AIP Conf. Vol. 745, High Energy Gamma-ray Astronomy: 2nd...International Symposium on High Energy Gamma-Ray Astronomy. Am. Inst. Phys., New York, p. 23. Shu F. H......

S. Sahayanathan; S. Godambe

2012-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

135

A 3D-3C Reflection Seismic Survey and Data Integration to Identify the  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

D-3C Reflection Seismic Survey and Data Integration to Identify the D-3C Reflection Seismic Survey and Data Integration to Identify the Seismic Response of Fractures and Permeable Zones Over a Known Geothermal Resource at Soda Lake, Churchill Co., NV Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title A 3D-3C Reflection Seismic Survey and Data Integration to Identify the Seismic Response of Fractures and Permeable Zones Over a Known Geothermal Resource at Soda Lake, Churchill Co., NV Project Type / Topic 1 Recovery Act: Geothermal Technologies Program Project Type / Topic 2 Validation of Innovative Exploration Technologies Project Description The Soda Lake geothermal field is an ideal setting to test the applicability of the 3D-3C reflection seismic method because: it is a producing field with a great deal of geologic and drilling data already available; it is in an alluvial valley where the subsurface structures that carry the geothermal fluids have no surface manifestations; and, there are downhole geophysical logs of fractures and permeable zones that can be used to ground-truth the new data.

136

Mullite/Alumina Mixtures for Use as Porous Matrices in Oxide Fiber Composites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ceramic composites. Conditions for the deflection of a matrix crack at a fiber-matrix interface are used to enable damage tolerance in continuous-fiber ceramic composites (CFCCs) has emerged as a new paradigm between matrix structure and composite performance are understood presently at only a rudimentary level

Zok, Frank

137

High power, continuous-wave ytterbium-doped fiber laser tunable from 976 to 1120 nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

narrow linewidth double-clad fiber ring laser," Opt. Express 10(2), 139­144 (2002). 6. A. Silva, K. J. Paschotta, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, "Ring-doped cladding-pumped single- mode three-level fiber laser, and T. Thomas, "Efficient high power Yb3þ-silica fibre laser cladding-pumped at 1064 nm," Opt. Commun

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

138

Multimaterial Fibers in Photonics and Nanotechnology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

I will describe recent progress in leveraging multimaterial fiber fabrication technology is ushering in a new generation of unforeseen applications for fibers in photonics,...

Abouraddy, Ayman F

139

Pleated Ceramic Fiber Diesel Particulate Filter | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Pleated Ceramic Fiber Diesel Particulate Filter Pleated Ceramic Fiber Diesel Particulate Filter 2005 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentations and Posters...

140

Cotton mutants with divergent fiber quality characteristics.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In the U.S. cotton industry there is a need for improved fiber quality to compete in International Markets. This market demands cotton fibers that are (more)

Vining, Kimberly

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

CFTF | Carbon Fiber Technology Facility | ORNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

BTRIC CNMS CSMB CFTF Working with CFTF HFIR MDF NTRC OLCF SNS Carbon Fiber Technology Facility Home | User Facilities | CFTF CFTF | Carbon Fiber Technology Facility SHARE Oak...

142

Carbon Fiber Technology Facility | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Carbon Fiber Technology Facility Carbon Fiber Technology Facility 2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

143

Carbon Fiber Technology Facility | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Carbon Fiber Technology Facility Carbon Fiber Technology Facility 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

144

Carbon Fiber Technology Facility | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Carbon Fiber Technology Facility Carbon Fiber Technology Facility 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

145

Fiber optic refractive index monitor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A sensor for measuring the change in refractive index of a liquid uses the lowest critical angle of a normal fiber optic to achieve sensitivity when the index of the liquid is significantly less than the index of the fiber core. Another embodiment uses a liquid filled core to ensure that its index is approximately the same as the liquid being measured.

Weiss, Jonathan David (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

STANDARD LAN -1 Fiber Channel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STANDARD LAN - 1 Fiber Channel Gruppo Reti TLC nome.cognome@polito.it http://www.telematica.polito.it/ #12;STANDARD LAN - 2 Fibre Channel · Born to interconnect mainframes and servers to storage systems: fibERs, but not only... · Interoperability with SCSI, Internet Protocol (IP), ... · Standard ANSI X3

Mellia, Marco

147

Strong fibers. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This program was directed to a new and generic approach to the development of new materials with novel and interesting properties, and to the precision fabrication of these materials in one and two-dimensional forms. Advanced deposition processes and microfabrication technology were used to produce fibers and grids of metals, semiconductors, ceramics, and mixtures of controlled composition and structure, and with new and interesting mechanical and physical properties. Deposition processes included electron beam evaporation, co-deposition of mixtures by dual electron beam evaporation, thermal evaporation, sputtering of a single element or compound, sputtering of a single element in a gaseous atmosphere to produce compounds, plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD), low pressure chemical vapor deposition (LPCVD), and selective tungsten chemical vapor deposition (W-CVD). The approach was to use the deposition processes in coordination with patterns generated by optical lithography to produce fibers with transverse dimensions in the micron range, and lengths from less than a millimeter to several centimeters. The approach is also applicable to the production of two-dimensional grids and particulates of controlled sizes and geometries.

Li, Che-Yu

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Microsoft Word - OPC Security WP 3 _Version 1-3c_.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

intrinsically secure intrinsically secure po box 178 #5 - 7217 Lantzville rd lantzville, bc canada v0r 2h0 office 250.390.1333 fax 250.390.3899 www.byressecurity.com Digital Bond suite 130 1580 sawgrass corp pkwy sunrise, FL 33323 office 954.315.4633 www.digitalbond.com OPC Security Whitepaper #3 Hardening Guidelines for OPC Hosts PREPARED BY: Digital Bond British Columbia Institute of Technology Byres Research November 13, 2007 OPC Security WP 3 (Version 1-3c).doc OPC Security Whitepaper #3 Hardening Guidelines for OPC Hosts OPC Security WP 3 (Version 1-3c).doc ii November 2007 Revision History Revision Date Authors Details 0.7 May 15, 2006 E. Byres, M Franz, Draft internal review version 1.0 May 31, 2006 E. Byres, J. Carter, M Franz Draft for controlled public review

149

Visible Photoluminescence from Cubic (3C) Silicon Carbide Microdisks Coupled to High Quality Whispering Gallery Modes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the design, fabrication and characterization of cubic (3C) silicon carbide microdisk resonators with high quality factor modes at visible and near infrared wavelengths (600 - 950 nm). Whispering gallery modes with quality factors as high as 2,300 and corresponding mode volumes V ~ 2 ({\\lambda}/n)^3 are measured using laser scanning confocal microscopy at room temperature. We obtain excellent correspondence between transverse-magnetic (TM) and transverse-electric (TE) polarized resonances simulated using Finite Difference Time Domain (FDTD) method and those observed in experiment. These structures based on ensembles of optically active impurities in 3C-SiC resonators could play an important role in diverse applications of nonlinear and quantum photonics, including low power optical switching and quantum memories.

Radulaski, Marina; Mller, Kai; Lagoudakis, Konstantinos G; Zhang, Jingyuan Linda; Buckley, Sonia; Kelaita, Yousif A; Alassaad, Kassem; Ferro, Gabriel; Vu?kovi?, Jelena

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Visible Photoluminescence from Cubic (3C) Silicon Carbide Microdisks Coupled to High Quality Whispering Gallery Modes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the design, fabrication and characterization of cubic (3C) silicon carbide microdisk resonators with high quality factor modes at visible and near infrared wavelengths (600 - 950 nm). Whispering gallery modes with quality factors as high as 2,300 and corresponding mode volumes V ~ 2 ({\\lambda}/n)^3 are measured using laser scanning confocal microscopy at room temperature. We obtain excellent correspondence between transverse-magnetic (TM) and transverse-electric (TE) polarized resonances simulated using Finite Difference Time Domain (FDTD) method and those observed in experiment. These structures based on ensembles of optically active impurities in 3C-SiC resonators could play an important role in diverse applications of nonlinear and quantum photonics, including low power optical switching and quantum memories.

Marina Radulaski; Thomas M. Babinec; Kai Mller; Konstantinos G. Lagoudakis; Jingyuan Linda Zhang; Sonia Buckley; Yousif A. Kelaita; Kassem Alassaad; Gabriel Ferro; Jelena Vu?kovi?

2014-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

151

Chandra X-Ray Detection of the Radio Hotspots of 3C295  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An observation of the radio galaxy 3C295 during the calibration phase of the Chandra X-ray Observatory reveals X-ray emission from the core of the galaxy, from each of the two prominent radio hotspots, and from the previously known cluster gas. We discuss the possible emission processes for the hotspots and argue that a synchrotron self-Compton model is preferred for most or all of the observed X-ray emission. SSC models with near equipartition fields thus explain the X-ray emission from the hotspots in the two highest surface brightness FRII radio galaxies, Cygnus A and 3C295. This lends weight to the assumption of equipartition and suggests that relativistic protons do not dominate the particle energy density.

D. E. Harris; P. E. J. Nulsen; T. P. Ponman; M. Bautz; R. A. Cameron; L. P. David; R. H. Donnelly; W. R. Forman; L. Grego; M. J. Hardcastle; J. P. Henry; C. Jones; J. P. Leahy; M. Markevitch; A. R. Martel; B. R. McNamara; P. Mazzotta; W. Tucker; S. N. Virani; J. Vrtilek

1999-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

152

Photonic Crystal Cavities in Cubic (3C) Polytype Silicon Carbide Films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the design, fabrication, and characterization of high quality factor and small mode volume planar photonic crystal cavities from cubic (3C) thin films (thickness ~ 200 nm) of silicon carbide (SiC) grown epitaxially on a silicon substrate. We demonstrate cavity resonances across the telecommunications band, with wavelengths from 1,250 - 1,600 nm. Finally, we discuss possible applications in nonlinear optics, optical interconnects, and quantum information science.

Marina Radulaski; Thomas M. Babinec; Sonia Buckley; Armand Rundquist; J Provine; Kassem Alassaad; Gabriel Ferro; Jelena Vu?kovi?

2013-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

153

HIPed carbon fiber reinforced silicon nitride composites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Carbon fiber/Si3N4 composites were fabricated using slip infiltration of fiber bundles subsequently stacked in a plaster mold, dried, glass encapsulated, and HIPed to form unidirectional composite test bars. Neither chemical reactions between fiber and matrix nor thermal mismatch cracks in the matrix were observed. The bend fracture behavior of the composites was nonbrittle with extensive fiber pullout. 14 references.

Lundberg, R.; Pompe, R.; Carlsson, R.

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Spectral Evolution of The Parsec-Scale Jet in The Quasar 3C345  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The long-term evolution of the synchrotron emission from the parsec-scale jet in the quasar 3C345 is analysed, on the basis of multi-frequency monitoring with very long baseline interferometry (VLBI) and covering the period 1979-1994. We combine the model fits from 44 VLBI observations of 3C345 made at 8 different frequencies between 2.3 and 100GHz. We calculate the turnover frequency, turnover flux density, integrated 4-25GHz flux and 4-25GHz luminosity of the core and the moving features. The core has an estimated mean luminosity of 7.1+/-3.5 * 10^42 erg/s; the estimated total luminosity of 3C345 on parsec scales is ~3*10^43 erg/s (about 1% of the observed luminosity of the source between the radio to infrared regimes). The spectral changes in the core can be reconciled with a shock or dense plasma condensation traveling through the region where the jet becomes optically thin. We are able to describe the evolution of the core spectrum by a sequence of 5 flare-like events characterized by an exponential rise and decay of the particle number density of the material injected into the jet. The same model is also capable of predicting the changes in the flux density observed in the core. The flares occur approximately every 3.5-4 years, roughly correlating with appearances of new moving features in the jet.

A. P. Lobanov; J. A. Zensus

1999-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

155

Ethanol extraction of phytosterols from corn fiber  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides a process for extracting sterols from a high solids, thermochemically hydrolyzed corn fiber using ethanol as the extractant. The process includes obtaining a corn fiber slurry having a moisture content from about 20 weight percent to about 50 weight percent solids (high solids content), thermochemically processing the corn fiber slurry having high solids content of 20 to 50% to produce a hydrolyzed corn fiber slurry, dewatering the hydrolyzed corn fiber slurry to achieve a residual corn fiber having a moisture content from about 30 to 80 weight percent solids, washing the residual corn fiber, dewatering the washed, hydrolyzed corn fiber slurry to achieve a residual corn fiber having a moisture content from about 30 to 80 weight percent solids, and extracting the residual corn fiber with ethanol and separating at least one sterol.

Abbas, Charles (Champaign, IL); Beery, Kyle E. (Decatur, IL); Binder, Thomas P. (Decatur, IL); Rammelsberg, Anne M. (Decatur, IL)

2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

156

Electrospun Polyaniline Fibers as Highly Sensitive Room Temperature Chemiresistive Sensors for Ammonia and Nitrogen Dioxide Gases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electrospun polyaniline (PAni) fibers doped with different levels of (+)-camphor-10-sulfonic acid (HCSA) are fabricated and evaluated as chemiresistive gas sensors. The experimental results, based on both sensitivity and ...

Zhang, Yuxi

157

Environmental effects on fatigue and lifetime predictions for silica optical fibers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reliability of optical fibers is usually assessed using the subcritical crack growth model for fatigue defects (normally assumed to be cracks) to cause the defects to grow at applied stress levels which do

Matthewson, M. John

158

E-Print Network 3.0 - automated fiber pigtailing Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

fiber pigtailing is based... Epoxyless Fiber-to-Submount Bonding for Active Fiber Optoelectronic and Fiber Backplane Applications Don C... Abstract--A fiber-coupled optical...

159

High repetition rate fiber lasers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis reports work in high repetition rate femtosecond fiber lasers. Driven by the applications including optical arbitrary waveform generation, high speed optical sampling, frequency metrology, and timing and frequency ...

Chen, Jian, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Low Cost Carbon Fiber Overview  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Strength; Fiber Format & Manufacturing Methods 1-10 M lbsyr 100M - 1B lbsyr Oil & Gas Deep Water Production Enabler Pipes, Drill Shafts, Off-Shore Structures Low Mass, High...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Scintillator fiber optic long counter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A flat response position sensitive neutron detector capable of providing neutron spectroscopic data utilizing scintillator fiber optic filaments embedded in a neutron moderating housing having an open end through which neutrons enter to be detected.

McCollum, Tom (Sterling, VA); Spector, Garry B. (Fairfax, VA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Lower Cost Carbon Fiber Precursors  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

1 Lower Cost Carbon Fiber Precursors P.I. Name: Dave Warren Presenter: Dr. Amit K. Naskar Oak Ridge National Laboratory 05162012 Project ID LM004 This presentation does not...

163

Light diffusing fiber optic chamber  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A light diffusion system for transmitting light to a target area. The light is transmitted in a direction from a proximal end to a distal end by an optical fiber. A diffusing chamber is operatively connected to the optical fiber for transmitting the light from the proximal end to the distal end and transmitting said light to said target area. A plug is operatively connected to the diffusing chamber for increasing the light that is transmitted to the target area.

Maitland, Duncan J. (Lafayette, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Brittle dynamic fracture of crystalline cubic silicon carbide ,,3C-SiC... via molecular dynamics simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Brittle dynamic fracture of crystalline cubic silicon carbide ,,3C-SiC... via molecular dynamics for three low-index crack surfaces, i.e., 110 , 111 , and 100 , in crystalline cubic silicon carbide 3C Institute of Physics. DOI: 10.1063/1.2135896 I. INTRODUCTION Potential applications of silicon carbide Si

Southern California, University of

165

Improved visible light driven photoelectrochemical properties of 3C-SiC semiconductor with Pt nanoparticles for hydrogen generation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose the n-type 3C-SiC with Pt nanoparticles (Pt NPs) as photo-anode for photoelectrochemical hydrogen (H{sub 2}) generation. We found that band-edge structure of 3C-SiC is suitable for H{sub 2} generation, and the property can be optimized by dopant (nitrogen) concentration in 3C-SiC. We also confirmed that Pt NPs enhance photoelectrochemical properties showing 0.2%0.8% higher Incident Photon-to-Current Efficiency than bare 3C-SiC in visible wavelength despite diminished light absorption. Solar-conversion efficiency increases approximately 6.3 times, and H{sub 2} production is improved by 6.5 times with 33% of Faradaic efficiency. Lastly, 3C-SiC surface corrosion is effectively inhibited.

Tae Song, Jun; Kamiya, Masayuki; Iwasaki, Takayuki; Hatano, Mutsuko [Department of Physical Electronics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 Ookayama, Meguro, Tokyo 152-8552 (Japan)] [Department of Physical Electronics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 Ookayama, Meguro, Tokyo 152-8552 (Japan); Mashiko, Hisanori; Ohtomo, Akira [Department of Applied Chemistry, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 Ookayama, Meguro, Tokyo 152-8552 (Japan)] [Department of Applied Chemistry, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 Ookayama, Meguro, Tokyo 152-8552 (Japan); Nakamine, Yoshifumi [Program for Leading Graduate Schools, Academy for Co-Creative Education of Environment and Energy Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 Ookayama, Meguro, Tokyo 152-8552 (Japan)] [Program for Leading Graduate Schools, Academy for Co-Creative Education of Environment and Energy Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 Ookayama, Meguro, Tokyo 152-8552 (Japan)

2013-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

166

Optical fiber inspection system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A remote optical inspection system including an inspection head. The inspection head has a passageway through which pellets or other objects are passed. A window is provided along the passageway through which light is beamed against the objects being inspected. A plurality of lens assemblies are arranged about the window so that reflected light can be gathered and transferred to a plurality of coherent optical fiber light guides. The light guides transfer the light images to a television or other image transducer which converts the optical images into a representative electronic signal. The electronic signal can then be displayed on a signal viewer such as a television monitor for inspection by a person. A staging means can be used to support the objects for viewing through the window. Routing means can be used to direct inspected objects into appropriate exit passages for accepted or rejected objects. The inspected objects are advantageously fed in a singular manner to the staging means and routing means. The inspection system is advantageously used in an enclosure when toxic or hazardous materials are being inspected. 10 figs.

Moore, F.W.

1985-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

167

Fiber optic temperature sensor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Our fiber optic temperature measurement sensor and system is a major improvement over methods currently in use in most industrial processes, and it delivers all of the attributes required simplicity, accuracy, and cost efficiency-to help improve all of these processes. Because temperature is a basic physical attribute of nearly every industrial and commercial process, our system can eventually result in significant improvements in nearly every industrial and commercial process. Many finished goods, and the materials that go into them, are critically dependent on the temperature. The better the temperature measurement, the better quality the goods will be and the more economically they can be produced. The production and transmission of energy requires the monitoring of temperature in motors, circuit breakers, power generating plants, and transmission line equipment. The more reliable and robust the methods for measuring these temperature, the more available, stable, and affordable the supply of energy will become. The world is increasingly realizing the threats to health and safety of toxic or otherwise undesirable by products of the industrial economy in the environment. Cleanup of such contamination often depends on techniques that require the constant monitoring of temperature in extremely hazardous environments, which can damage most conventional temperature sensors and which are dangerous for operating personnel. Our system makes such monitoring safer and more economical.

Rabold, D.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Renewable Low-Cost Carbon Fiber Workshop Agenda | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Low-Cost Carbon Fiber Workshop Agenda Renewable Low-Cost Carbon Fiber Workshop Agenda Renewable Low-Cost Carbon Fiber Workshop Agenda carbonfiberworkshopagenda.pdf More...

169

Atomic configuration of irradiation-induced planar defects in 3C-SiC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The atomic configuration of irradiation-induced planar defects in single crystal 3C-SiC at high irradiation temperatures was shown in this research. A spherical aberration corrected scanning transmission electron microscope provided images of individual silicon and carbon atoms by the annular bright-field (ABF) method. Two types of irradiation-induced planar defects were observed in the ABF images including the extrinsic stacking fault loop with two offset Si-C bilayers and the intrinsic stacking fault loop with one offset Si-C bilayer. The results are in good agreement with images simulated under identical conditions.

Lin, Y. R. [Department of Engineering and System Science, National Tsing-Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); National Synchrotron Radiation Center, 101 Hsin-Ann Road, Hsinchu Science Park, Hsinchu 30076, Taiwan (China); Ho, C. Y. [Institute of Nuclear Engineering and Science, National Tsing-Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Hsieh, C. Y.; Chang, M. T.; Lo, S. C. [Material and Chemical Research Laboratories, Industrial Technology Research Institute, Hsinchu 31040, Taiwan (China); Chen, F. R. [Department of Engineering and System Science, National Tsing-Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Kai, J. J., E-mail: ceer0001@gmail.com [Department of Engineering and System Science, National Tsing-Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Institute of Nuclear Engineering and Science, National Tsing-Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China)

2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

170

Transition temperatures and vacancies in superconducting Rb{sub 3}C{sub 60}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have studied the role of alkali-metal vacancies in the structure and superconductivity in nominal Rb{sub 3}C{sub 60} through preparation of samples with different alkali-metal loadings and annealing temperatures, to search for the possible role of nonstoichiometry in superconductivity. We find sample-to-sample variations of {approx}1 K in the superconducting transition temperature, but this does not correlate with vacancy concentration. We conclude that a model of electronic structure of alkali-metal fullerenes based on proximity to a Mott-Hubbard transition at integer doping is not applicable.

Huq, Ashfia; Stephens, Peter W. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800 (United States)

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Carbon nanotube fiber spun from wetted ribbon  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fiber of carbon nanotubes was prepared by a wet-spinning method involving drawing carbon nanotubes away from a substantially aligned, supported array of carbon nanotubes to form a ribbon, wetting the ribbon with a liquid, and spinning a fiber from the wetted ribbon. The liquid can be a polymer solution and after forming the fiber, the polymer can be cured. The resulting fiber has a higher tensile strength and higher conductivity compared to dry-spun fibers and to wet-spun fibers prepared by other methods.

Zhu, Yuntian T; Arendt, Paul; Zhang, Xiefei; Li, Qingwen; Fu, Lei; Zheng, Lianxi

2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

172

An improved Cr{sub 3}C{sub 2}-NICHROME powder  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The need for cost effective, wear resistance and corrosion resistant coatings is omnipresent in the oil and gas or petrochemically-related industries. In general, WC-Co powder mixtures are specified but, for the environments of elevated temperature and severe corrosion service, engineers prefer mixtures which contain an (X) amount of chromium carbide dispersed in a matrix of (1-X) NICHROME. Within this singular class of Cr{sub 3}-C{sub 2}-type coatings, a typical choice involves 75% Cr{sub 3}C{sub 2}-25% [80Ni-20Cr]. However, the actual NICHROME composition varies with different blends that range from 10-to-25%. Currently available powders also exhibit a wide variability because of the many different manufacturing methods that are applied. This paper maintains that, if the matrix alloy composition is properly varied and, if the associated chromium carbide content is correctly adjusted, improved results are obtained. For example, erosion resistance is comparable to that for a WC-Co mixture and a uniform microstructure reveals no apparent oxide stringers. Powder is prepared by sintering/crushing to proper size with low iron contents as the end result. Flame spraying has been successful using these spray guns: JET-KOTE II, HV-2000 or GATOR-GARD.

Hays, C. [Hays Metallurgical Engineering Corp., Pearland, TX (United States); Douglas, R.; Sokol, L.S. [Miller Thermal Inc., Baytown, TX (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

173

Structure and Properties of Magnetic (Co, Fe, Fe{sub 3}C and Ni) Carbon Beads  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nanoparticles exhibit unique physical properties due to the surface or quantum-size effects. Particular attention has been focused on magnetic nanoparticles and substantial progress has been done in this field. In this work magnetic composites, consisting of elementary metals or carbides nanocrystallites, stabilized in carbon matrix, were prepared by the procedure comprising formation of appropriate metal acrylamide complexes, followed by frontal polymerization and pyrolysis of the polymer at various temperatures. Application of frontal polymerization and further pyrolysis enables formation of composite beads consisting of Co, Fe, Fe{sub 3}C or Ni nanocrystallites stabilized in carbon matrix. It was found that the lowest pyrolysis temperature, which enables the production of metallic nanocrystallites, was 673 K for Co and Ni, and 773 K for Fe. The magnetic properties of the beads, percentage of the metallic component, their composition and shape depended on the pyrolysis temperature. Extracts on the basis of composites containing Fe{sub 3}C showed no cytotoxicity, whereas those containing Co and Ni exhibited negligible cytotoxicity up to concentrations of 6.25 mg/ml.

Leonowicz, Marcin; Izydorzak, Marta [Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology, Woloska 141, 02-507 Warsaw (Poland); Pomogailo, Anatolii D.; Dzhardimalieva, Gulzhian I. [Institute of Chemical Physics RAS, Chernogolovka (Russian Federation)

2010-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

174

CHANDRA OBSERVATIONS OF 3C RADIO SOURCES WITH z < 0.3. II. COMPLETING THE SNAPSHOT SURVEY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the second round of Chandra observations of the 3C snapshot survey developed to observe the complete sample of 3C radio sources with z < 0.3 for 8 ks each. In the first paper, we illustrated the basic data reduction and analysis procedures performed for the 30 sources of the 3C sample observed during Chandra Cycle 9, while here we present the data for the remaining 27 sources observed during Cycle 12. We measured the X-ray intensity of the nuclei and of any radio hot spots and jet features with associated X-ray emission. X-ray fluxes in three energy bands, i.e., soft, medium, and hard, for all the sources analyzed are also reported. For the stronger nuclei, we also applied the standard spectral analysis, which provides the best-fit values of the X-ray spectral index and absorbing column density. In addition, a detailed analysis of bright X-ray nuclei that could be affected by pile-up has been performed. X-ray emission was detected for all the nuclei of the radio sources in our sample except for 3C 319. Among the current sample, there are two compact steep spectrum radio sources, two broad-line radio galaxies, and one wide angle tail radio galaxy, 3C 89, hosted in a cluster of galaxies clearly visible in our Chandra snapshot observation. In addition, we also detected soft X-ray emission arising from the galaxy cluster surrounding 3C 196.1. Finally, X-ray emission from hot spots has been found in three FR II radio sources and, in the case of 3C 459, we also report the detection of X-ray emission associated with the eastern radio lobe as well as X-ray emission cospatial with radio jets in 3C 29 and 3C 402.

Massaro, F. [SLAC National Laboratory and Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, 2575 Sand Hill Road, Menlo Park, CA 94025 (United States); Tremblay, G. R. [European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, D-85748 Garching bei Muenchen (Germany); Harris, D. E.; O'Dea, C. P. [Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Kharb, P.; Axon, D. [Department of Physics, Rochester Institute of Technology, Carlson Center for Imaging Science 76-3144, 84 Lomb Memorial Dr., Rochester, NY 14623 (United States); Balmaverde, B.; Capetti, A. [INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, Strada Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese (Italy); Baum, S. A. [Carlson Center for Imaging Science 76-3144, 84 Lomb Memorial Dr., Rochester, NY 14623 (United States); Chiaberge, M.; Macchetto, F. D.; Sparks, W. [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martine Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Gilli, R. [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, Via Ranzani 1, I-40127 Bologna (Italy); Giovannini, G. [INAF-Istituto di Radioastronomia di Bologna, Via Gobetti 101, I-40129 Bologna (Italy); Grandi, P.; Torresi, E. [INAF-IASF-Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e fisica Cosmica di Bologna, Via P. Gobetti 101, I-40129 Bologna (Italy); Risaliti, G. [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Arcetri, Largo E. Fermi 5, I-50125 Firenze (Italy)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

175

Graphitized-carbon fiber/carbon char fuel  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for recovery of intact graphitic fibers from fiber/polymer composites is described. The method comprises first pyrolyzing the graphite fiber/polymer composite mixture and then separating the graphite fibers by molten salt electrochemical oxidation.

Cooper, John F. (Oakland, CA)

2007-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

176

Use of hollow core fibers, fiber lasers, and photonic crystal fibers for spark delivery and laser ignition in gases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The fiber-optic delivery of sparks in gases is challenging as the output beam must be refocused to high

Joshi, Sachin; Yalin, Azer P; Galvanauskas, Almantas

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Influence of the power law index on the fiber breakage during injection molding by numerical simulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In predictive engineering for polymer processes the proper prediction of material microstructure from known processing conditions and constituent material properties is a critical step forward properly predicting bulk properties in the finished composite. Operating within the context of long-fiber thermoplastics (LFT length > 15mm) this investigation concentrates on the influence of the power law index on the final fiber length distribution within the injection molded part. To realize this the Autodesk Simulation Moldflow Insight Scandium 2013 software has been used. In this software a fiber breakage algorithm is available from this release on. Using virtual material data with realistic viscosity levels allows to separate the influence of the power law index on the fiber breakage from the other material and process parameters. Applying standard settings for the fiber breakage parameters results in an obvious influence on the fiber length distribution through the thickness of the part and also as function of position in the part. Finally the influence of the shear rate constant within the fiber breakage model has been investigated illustrating the possibility to fit the virtual fiber length distribution to the possible experimentally available data.

Wim Six; Hilde Bonte; Eric Debrabandere

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

A phenomenological model for the responses of auditory-nerve fibers. II. Nonlinear tuning with a frequency glide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A phenomenological model for the responses of auditory-nerve fibers. II. Nonlinear tuning and the level-dependent compressive nonlinearity into a phenomenological model for the AN was the primary focus nonlinear phenomenological model for the response patterns of AN fibers to different sound inputs

Carney, Laurel H.

179

Breakthrough: Better Fiber for Better Products  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Researchers at Idaho National Laboratory have developed a cost-effective method for the continuous production of alpha silicon carbide fiber. The exceptionally strong, lightweight fiber could enable significant performance improvements in many everyday products.

Griffith, George; Garnier, John

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Fusion splicing of polarization preserving fibers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A novel technique is developed to detect any principal axis misalignment of polarization preserving fiber. The technique is based on measurement of reflectreturned power for the fiber...

Kato, Yasuyuki

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Sealed fiber-optic bundle feedthrough  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A sealed fiber-optic bundle feedthrough by which a multitude of fiber-optic elements may be passed through an opening or port in a wall or structure separating two environments at different pressures or temperatures while maintaining the desired pressure or temperature in each environment. The feedthrough comprises a rigid sleeve of suitable material, a bundle of individual optical fibers, and a resin-based sealing material that bonds the individual optical fibers to each other and to the rigid sleeve.

Tanner, Carol E. (Niles, MI)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

High pressure fiber optic sensor system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present application provides a fiber optic sensor system. The fiber optic sensor system may include a small diameter bellows, a large diameter bellows, and a fiber optic pressure sensor attached to the small diameter bellows. Contraction of the large diameter bellows under an applied pressure may cause the small diameter bellows to expand such that the fiber optic pressure sensor may measure the applied pressure.

Guida, Renato; Xia, Hua; Lee, Boon K; Dekate, Sachin N

2013-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

183

Fiber-optic displacement sensor system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Light pulses from a light emitting diode (LED) were coupled into a multimode fiber. The displacement of a mirror positioned near the end of the fiber was measured by monitoring the amplitude of the reflected pulses. A reference reflection from a.... Light pulses from a light emitting diode (LED) were coupled into a multimode fiber. The displacement of a mirror positioned near the end of the fiber was measured by monitoring the amplitude of the reflected pulses. A reference reflection from a...

Cava, Norayda Nora

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

184

Ferromagnetic Mn5Ge3C0.8contacts on Ge: work function and specific contact resistivity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report on the study of the electrical and magnetic properties of Mn5Ge3C0.8contacts deposited on highly doped n-Ge (1?0?0) as a potentially complementary metaloxidesemiconductor (CMOS)-compatible material system for spin injection into Ge. Mn5Ge3C0.8is a ferromagnet with a Curie temperature of 445K and with a resistivity that is comparable to highly doped Ge. We extract the work function of Mn5Ge3C0.8from metaloxidesemiconductor capacitance measurements and obtain a specific contact resistivity rC = 5.0 ? cm2from transmission-line measurements. We discuss possible origins of the large specific contact resistivity of Mn5Ge3C0.8on Ge.

I A Fischer; J Gebauer; E Rolseth; P Winkel; L-T Chang; K L Wang; C Srgers; J Schulze

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Investigation of the transition layer in 3C-SiC/6H-SiC heterostructures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Transmission electron microscopy and the cathodoluminescence method are used to study the transition region in 3C-SiC/6H-SiC heterostructures. It is shown that this region is, as a rule, constituted by alternating 3C-SiC and 6H-SiC layers with the possible inclusion of other silicon carbide polytypes. An assumption is made that this structure of the transition region can be explained in terms of the model of spinodal decomposition.

Lebedev, A. A.; Zamorianskaya, M. V.; Davydov, S. Yu.; Kirilenko, D. A.; Lebedev, S. P., E-mail: shura.lebe@mail.ioffe.ru; Sorokin, L. M.; Shustov, D. B.; Scheglov, M. P. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute (Russian Federation)] [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute (Russian Federation)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

186

EIA Energy Efficiency-Table 3c. Capacity Adjusted Value of Production a by  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

c c Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 3c. Capacity Adjusted Value of Production 1 by Selected Industries, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (Current Billion Dollars) MECS Survey Years NAICS Subsector and Industry 1998 2002 2006 311 Food Manufacturing 430 468 552 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing 98 120 131 313 Textile Mills 57 50 44 314 Textile Product Mills 31 34 36 315 Apparel Manufacturing 66 53 31 316 Leather and Allied Product Manufacturing 11 8 7 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 87 94 110 322 Paper Manufacturing 159 160 177 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 104 109 107 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 134 215 523 325 Chemical Manufacturing 415 470 657 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 158 183 212 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 85 97 134

187

Electric Charge Quantization in SU(3)_C X SU(3)_L X U(1)_X Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Basing on the general photon eigenstate and the anomaly cancelation, we have naturally explained the electric charge quantization in two models based on the SU(3)_C X SU(3)_L X U(1)_X gauge group, namely in the minimal model and in the model with right-handed neutrinos. In addition, we have shown that the electric charges of the proton and of the electron are opposite; and the same happens with the neutron and the neutrino. We argue that the electric charge quantization is not dependent on the classical constraints on generating mass to the fermions, but it is related closely with the generation number problem. In fact, both problems are properly solved as the direct consequences of the fermion content under the anomaly free conditions.

Phung Van Dong; Hoang Ngoc Long

2005-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

188

Nonthermal X-ray emission from 3C 273 - The core of a knotty problem  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The quasar 3C 273 was observed in the hard X-ray region of the spectrum (15-300 keV) during a stratospheric balloon flight on July 15, 1987. The emitted photon spectrum is well described by a single power law of photon index -1.61 which corresponds to a hard (20-200 keV) X-ray luminosity of 0.8 x 10 to the 47th ergs/s. This flux is consistent with the 1978/1979 HEAO 1 and AIT/MPI measurements and about a factor of three below the high state measured in 1981 (AIT/MPI). The implications of these results with respect to the location of the production site and mechanism are discussed. 26 refs.

Dean, A.J.; Court, A.J.; Dipper, N.A.; Lewis, R.A.; Bazzano, A. (Southampton Univ. (England) CNR, Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale, Frascati (Italy))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

The Heart-shaped Supernova Remnant 3C391 viewed in Multi-bands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using Chandra X-ray, Spitzer mid-IR, and 1.5 GHz radio data, we examine the spatial structure of SNR 3C391. The X-ray surface brightness is generally anti-correlative with the IR and radio brightness. The multiband data clearly exhibit a heart-shaped morphology and show the multi-shell structure of the remnant. A thin brace-like shell on the south detected at 24 um is projected outside the radio border and confines the southern faint X-ray emission. The leading 24 um knot on the SE boundary appears to be partly surrounded by soft X-ray emitting gas. The mid-IR emission is dominated by the contribution of the shocked dust grains, which may have been partly destroyed by sputtering.

Yang Su; Yang Chen

2007-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

190

Officials launch Carbon Fiber Technology Facility, announce  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to reduce carbon fiber's high cost, Danielson noted: "Many of these new clean energy technologies are withinSCIENCE Officials launch Carbon Fiber Technology Facility, announce new manufacturing initiative and a large crowd of local business and civic leaders came to the Carbon Fiber Technology Facility (CFTF

Pennycook, Steve

191

Assessing Deterioration of ADSS Fiber Optic Cables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Assessing Deterioration of ADSS Fiber Optic Cables Due to Corona Discharge Final Project Report of ADSS Fiber Optic Cables Due to Corona Discharge Final Project Report George G. Karady, Project Leader-Supporting) fiber optic cables installed on high voltage lines. The high electric field on those lines generates

192

Lee McGetrick Director, Carbon Fiber  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Contact Lee McGetrick Director, Carbon Fiber Technology Facility (865) 574-6549 mcgetricklb@ornl.gov INNOVATIONS IN MANUFACTURING www.ornl.gov/manufacturing Demonstrating Innovative Low-Cost Carbon Fiber of Energy's (DOE) new Carbon Fiber Technology Facility (CFTF)--a 42,000 ft2 innovative technology facility

193

The effect of dietary protein and fiber on in vivo ammonia concentration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

protein level, ten animals received a basal fiber-free diet, ten received the same diet diluted with 8X cellulose, and ten received the basal diet diluted with BX pectin. Cecal total ammonia (NH + NH ) concentration was highest 4 in the fiber-free high... protein and the cellulose high protein-fed rats. The proximal colon ammonia concentration was greatest in the fiber-free high protein treatment group, and the pectin-fed rats had a significantly greater concentration than the cellulose groups...

Marchant, Linda Jean

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Field Comparison of the Sampling Efficacy of Two Smear Media: Cotton Fiber and Kraft Paper  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two materials were compared in field tests at the Defense Waste Processing Facility: kraft paper (a strong, brown paper made from wood pulp prepared with a sodium sulfate solution) and cotton fiber. Based on a sampling of forty-six pairs of smears, the cotton fiber smears provide a greater sensitivity. The cotton fiber smears collected an average of forty-four percent more beta activity than the kraft paper smears and twenty-nine percent more alpha activity. Results show a greater sensitivity with cotton fiber over kraft paper at the 95 percent confidence level. Regulatory requirements for smear materials are vague. The data demonstrate that the difference in sensitivity of smear materials could lead to a large difference in reported results that are subsequently used for meeting shipping regulations or evaluating workplace contamination levels.

Hogue, M.G.

2002-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

195

Anisotropic fiber alignment in composite structures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High strength material composite structures are formed with oriented fibers to provide controlled anisotropic fibers. Fibers suspended in non-dilute concentrations (e.g., up to 20 volume percent for fibers having an aspect ratio of 20) in a selected medium are oriented by moving an axially spaced array of elements in the direction of desired fiber alignment. The array elements are generally perpendicular to the desired orientation. The suspension medium may also include sphere-like particles where the resulting material is a ceramic.

Graham, A.L.; Mondy, L.A.; Guell, D.C.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

196

Fiber-type dosimeter with improved illuminator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A single-piece, molded plastic, Cassigrainian-type condenser arrangement is incorporated in a tubular-shaped personal pocket dosimeter of the type which combines an ionization chamber with an optically-read fiber electrometer to provide improved illumination of the electrometer fiber. The condenser routes incoming light from one end of the dosimeter tubular housing around a central axis charging pin assembly and focuses the light at low angles to the axis so that it falls within the acceptance angle of the electrometer fiber objective lens viewed through an eyepiece lens disposed in the opposite end of the dosimeter. This results in improved fiber illumination and fiber image contrast.

Fox, Richard J. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Fiber-type dosimeter with improved illuminator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A single-piece, molded plastic, Cassigrainian-type condenser arrangement is incorporated in a tubular-shaped personal pocket dosimeter of the type which combines an ionization chamber with an optically-read fiber electrometer to provide improved illumination of the electrometer fiber. The condenser routes incoming light from one end of the dosimeter tubular housing around a central axis charging pin assembly and focuses the light at low angles to the axis so that it falls within the acceptance angle of the electrometer fiber objective lens viewed through an eyepiece lens disposed in the opposite end of the dosimeter. This results in improved fiber illumination and fiber image contrast.

Fox, R.J.

1985-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

198

Thermally Induced Reorganization in LCP Fibers: Molecular Origin of Mechanical Strength  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ordering of liquid crystalline polymer fiber during heat treatment is of great interest for many commercial reasons. This is because, by convention, fiber property can be greatly improved by heat-treatment at below the melting temperature and often such processing conditions are also very complex. There are many variations of such treatments, in terms of temperature, exposure time and whether the fibers are under tension or not. The state-of-the-art technology will be to optimize the desired property without significantly enhancing the undesired properties. The types of heat treatment are highly correlated to the understanding of the mechanism of improving the properties at the molecular level and the microstructures. Using WAXS and synchrotron SAXS techniques, the structure and morphology of our commercial LCP (liquid crystalline polymer), a co-polymer of CO (Vectran) and its variant polymer fiber COTHBP are being examined. Both fibers have the typical liquid crystalline polymer structure, ie, highly ordered across the fiber axis and aperiodic sequencing along the fiber axis. Physical testing has revealed a three fold increase in strength in both fibers, however, the modulus is observed to increase significantly in COTBP and not so much CO. This paper reports on the changes and the differences on the structural and morphological behavior for both the as-spun and heat-treated LCP fibers. We have also use thermal analysis technique to provide a guide to the heat-treatment cycle. We propose an 'organized kinks' model to describe the differences between the two polymer fibers. Future publication will focus on the in-situ behavior at elevated temperatures and under heat-treatment.

Saw, C K; Collins, G; Menczel, J; Jaffe, M

2007-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

199

Fabrication of miniature fiber-optic temperature sensors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of coupling a silica fiber and a sapphire fiber includes providing a silica fiber having a doped core and a cladding layer, with the doped core having a prescribed diameter, providing a sapphire fiber having a diameter less than the doped core, placing an end of the sapphire fiber in close proximity to an end of the silica fiber, applying a heat source to the end of silica fiber and introducing the end of sapphire fiber into the heated doped core of the silica fiber to produce a coupling between the silica and sapphire fibers.

Zhu, Yizheng (Durham, NC); Wang, Anbo (Blacksburg, VA)

2010-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

200

Fiber-Optic Long-Line Position Sensor  

Energy Innovation Portal (Marketing Summaries) [EERE]

Sandia National Laboratories has developed a side-emitting fiber optic position sensor and method of determining an unknown position of an object by using the sensor. Non-electrical position sensors like the one developed by Sandia are desirable for use in hazardous environment, e.g., for measuring the liquid level in gasoline or jet fuel tanks. This sensor is an attractive option because it does notintroduce electrical energy, is insensitive to electromagnetic interference,...

2013-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Investigation of brucite-fiber-reinforced concrete  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Laboratory experiments were made on the brucite-fiber-reinforced concrete composites. Effects of brucite fiber grades and the dosage on flexural strength, compressive strength, impact strength, sulfate corrosion resistance and the slump, cohesiveness, as well as the water retentiveness were also investigated. Different water reducers were tested. The particle-size characteristics of brucite fibers, the densities of the concrete, and the viscosities of the fiber/water-reducer suspensions were also measured. Results show that proper addition of brucite fibers in concrete can improve the mechanical properties, especially the flexural strength. In the test, the optimum quantity was about 0.5 wt.% of concrete. With the dosage increase of brucite fibers in concrete, the fluidity and the density of the concrete decrease. The performance of the concrete strengths is the collective interactions of the fiber reinforcement and the density reduction. The aspect ratio and the surface area of brucite fibers are the important affecting factors to the workability and the mechanical properties of the fiber concrete. Larger aspect ratios and smaller surface areas benefit the reinforcement. Water reducers with lower fiber suspension viscosities are favorable in improving the workability and strengths of the brucite fiber concrete.

Liu Kaiping; Cheng Hewei; Zhou Jing'en

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Side-emitting fiber optic position sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A side-emitting fiber optic position sensor and method of determining an unknown position of an object by using the sensor. In one embodiment, a concentrated beam of light source illuminates the side of a side-emitting fiber optic at an unknown axial position along the fiber's length. Some of this side-illuminated light is in-scattered into the fiber and captured. As the captured light is guided down the fiber, its intensity decreases due to loss from side-emission away from the fiber and from bulk absorption within the fiber. By measuring the intensity of light emitted from one (or both) ends of the fiber with a photodetector(s), the axial position of the light source is determined by comparing the photodetector's signal to a calibrated response curve, look-up table, or by using a mathematical model. Alternatively, the side-emitting fiber is illuminated at one end, while a photodetector measures the intensity of light emitted from the side of the fiber, at an unknown position. As the photodetector moves further away from the illuminated end, the detector's signal strength decreases due to loss from side-emission and/or bulk absorption. As before, the detector's signal is correlated to a unique position along the fiber.

Weiss, Jonathan D. (Albuquerque, NM)

2008-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

203

Crystallization behavior of organo-nanoclay treated and untreated kraft fiberHDPE composites  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Both non-isothermal and isothermal crystallization behaviors of neat HDPE and organo-nanoclay treated and untreated kraft fiberhigh density polyethylene (HDPE) or HDPEmaleic anhydride polyethylene (MAPE) composites were analyzed using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The isothermal crystallization process was studied by the Avrami model. The crystallization patterns and organo-nanoclay distribution was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD). It was found that both organo-nanoclay treated and untreated kraft fibers could act as nucleating agent for the HDPE polymer when the fiber length was comparatively small. All composites crystallized much faster than the neat HDPE, while their crystallinity levels were lower. The organo-nanoclay treatment of kraft fibers made the crystallinity level lower, but the nucleation rate increased in the composites compared to the untreated kraft fiberHDPE composites. But both the crystallinity level and the nucleation rate of the composites were increased by adding MAPE compatibilizer to the composites. MAPE increased the d-spacing of the organo-nanoclay layers in the composites and resulted in exfoliated clay platelets when the fiber loading was as high as 40wt%.

Jieming Chen; Ning Yan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Atmospheric chemistry of CF{sub 3}C(O)OCH{sub 2}CF{sub 3}: UV spectra and kinetic data for CF{sub 3}C(O)OCH({sm_bullet})CF{sub 3} and CF{sub 3}C(O)OCH(OO{sm_bullet})CF{sub 3} radicals, and atmospheric fate of CF{sub 3}C(O)OCH(O{sm_bullet})CF{sub 3} radicals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recognition of the adverse effect of chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) release into the atmosphere has led to an international effort to replace CFCs with environmentally acceptable alternatives. Hydrofluoroethers (HFEs) are fluids designed to replace CFCs in applications such as the cleaning of electronic equipment, heat transfer agents in refrigeration systems, and carrier fluids for lubricant deposition. HFEs are volatile compounds and will be released into the atmosphere during its use. In the atmosphere, photochemical oxidation of HFEs will lead to the formation of fluorinated esters and fluorinated formates. The atmospheric fate of these products is unknown at the present. To improve their understanding of the atmospheric chemistry of esters the authors have studied the atmospheric chemistry of 2,2,2-trifluoroethyltrifluoroacetate CF{sub 3}C(O)OCH{sub 2}CF{sub 3} (bp = 55.0 C). This compound provides insight into the behavior of alkyl, alkyl peroxy, and alkoxy radicals formed {alpha} to the ester functionality. The atmospheric fate of CF{sub 3}C(O)OCH(O{sup {sm_bullet}})CF{sub 3} radicals was investigated in a FTIR smog chamber. Three loss processes for the CF{sub 3}C(O)OCH(O{sup {sm_bullet}})CF{sub 3} radicals were identified at 296 K and 700 Torr total pressure, reaction with O{sub 2} to form CF{sub 3}C(O)OC(O)CF{sub 3}, {alpha}-rearrangement to form CF{sub 3}C(O){sm_bullet} radicals and CF{sub 3}C(O)OH, and decomposition via a mechanism which is unclear. In 760 Torr of air at 296 K, 65% of the CF{sub 3}C(O)OCH(O{sm_bullet})CF{sub 3} radicals react with oxygen, 18% undergo {alpha}-rearrangement, while the fate of the remaining 17% is unclear.

Stein, T.N.N.; Christensen, L.K.; Platz, J.; Sehested, J.; Nielsen, O.J. [Risoe National Lab., Roskilde (Denmark). Plant Biology and Biogeochemistry Dept.] [Risoe National Lab., Roskilde (Denmark). Plant Biology and Biogeochemistry Dept.; Wallington, T.J. [Ford Motor Co., Dearborn, MI (United States). Ford Research Lab.] [Ford Motor Co., Dearborn, MI (United States). Ford Research Lab.

1999-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

205

Remote Fiber Laser Cutting System for Dismantling Glass Melter - 13071  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 2008, the equipment for dismantling the used glass melter has been developed in High-level Liquid Waste (HLW) Vitrification Facility in the Japanese Rokkasho Reprocessing Plant (RRP). Due to the high radioactivity of the glass melter, the equipment requires a fully-remote operation in the vitrification cell. The remote fiber laser cutting system was adopted as one of the major pieces of equipment. An output power of fiber laser is typically higher than other types of laser and so can provide high-cutting performance. The fiber laser can cut thick stainless steel and Inconel, which are parts of the glass melter such as casings, electrodes and nozzles. As a result, it can make the whole of the dismantling work efficiently done for a shorter period. Various conditions of the cutting test have been evaluated in the process of developing the remote fiber cutting system. In addition, the expected remote operations of the power manipulator with the laser torch have been fully verified and optimized using 3D simulations. (authors)

Mitsui, Takashi; Miura, Noriaki [IHI Corporation, 1 Shin-Nakahara-cho, Isogo-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa (Japan)] [IHI Corporation, 1 Shin-Nakahara-cho, Isogo-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa (Japan); Oowaki, Katsura; Kawaguchi, Isao [IHI Inspection and Instrumentation Co., Ltd, 1 Shin-Nakahara-cho, Isogo-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa (Japan)] [IHI Inspection and Instrumentation Co., Ltd, 1 Shin-Nakahara-cho, Isogo-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa (Japan); Miura, Yasuhiko; Ino, Tooru [Japan Nuclear Fuel Limited, 4-108, Aza Okitsuke, Oaza Obuchi, Rokkasho-Mura, Kamikita-gun, Aomori (Japan)] [Japan Nuclear Fuel Limited, 4-108, Aza Okitsuke, Oaza Obuchi, Rokkasho-Mura, Kamikita-gun, Aomori (Japan)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

STAR-JET INTERACTIONS AND GAMMA-RAY OUTBURSTS FROM 3C454.3  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose a model to explain the ultra-bright GeV gamma-ray flares observed from the blazar 3C454.3. The model is based on the concept of a relativistic jet interacting with compact gas condensations produced when a star (a red giant) crosses the jet close to the central black hole. The study includes an analytical treatment of the evolution of the envelope lost by the star within the jet, and calculations of the related high-energy radiation. The model readily explains the day-long that varies on timescales of hours, GeV gamma-ray flare from 3C454.3, observed during 2010 November on top of a plateau lasting weeks. In the proposed scenario, the plateau state is caused by a strong wind generated by the heating of the stellar atmosphere due to nonthermal particles accelerated at the jet-star interaction region. The flare itself could be produced by a few clouds of matter lost by the red giant after the initial impact of the jet. In the framework of the proposed scenario, the observations constrain the key model parameters of the source, including the mass of the central black hole: M{sub BH} {approx_equal} 10{sup 9} M{sub Sun }, the total jet power: L{sub j} {approx_equal} 10{sup 48} erg s{sup -1}, and the Doppler factor of the gamma-ray emitting clouds: {delta} {approx_equal} 20. Whereas we do not specify the particle acceleration mechanisms, the potential gamma-ray production processes are discussed and compared in the context of the proposed model. We argue that synchrotron radiation of protons has certain advantages compared to other radiation channels of directlyaccelerated electrons. An injected proton distribution {proportional_to}E {sup -1} or harder below the relevant energies would be favored to alleviate the tight energetic constraints and to avoid the violation of the observational low-energy constraints.

Khangulyan, D. V. [Institute of Space and Astronautical Science/JAXA, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Chuo-ku, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5210 (Japan); Barkov, M. V. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Saupfercheckweg 1, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Bosch-Ramon, V. [Departament d'Astronomia i Meteorologia, Institut de Ciencies del Cosmos (ICC), Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Marti i Franques 1, E-08028 Barcelona (Spain); Aharonian, F. A. [Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 31 Fitzwilliam Place, Dublin 2 (Ireland); Dorodnitsyn, A. V. [Laboratory for High Energy Astrophysics, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 662, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)

2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

207

High-average-power cryogenically-cooled picosecond Yb:YAG amplifier seeded by a fiber CPA system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on a 300-W-level picosecond laser based on a cryogenically-cooled Yb:YAG amplifier seeded by a fiber CPA system. High-average-power picosecond second harmonic generation is also presented.

Gopinath, Juliet

208

High-Average-Power Cryogenically-Cooled Picosecond Yb:YAG Amplifier Seeded by a Fiber CPA System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report on a 300-W-level picosecond laser based on a cryogenically-cooled Yb:YAG amplifier seeded by a fiber CPA system. High-average-power picosecond second harmonic generation is...

Hong, Kyung-Han; Gopinath, Juliet; Siddiqui, Aleem; Moses, Jeffrey; Lai, Chien-Jen; Hybl, John; Fan, Tso Yee

209

Data:C26df8ff-6cf7-41b6-ab3c-543adbd694eb | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

df8ff-6cf7-41b6-ab3c-543adbd694eb df8ff-6cf7-41b6-ab3c-543adbd694eb No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Salt River Electric Coop Corp Effective date: 2011/06/01 End date if known: Rate name: Interruptible Service Sector: Commercial Description: NUMBER AND DURATION OF INTERRUPTIONS A. Winter Season: There shall be no more than two (2) interruptions during any 24 hour calendar day. No interruption shall last more than six hours. B. Summer Season: There shall be no more than one (1) interruption during any 24 hour calendar day. No interruption shall last more than twelve hours. C. The maximum number of annual hours of interruption shall be in accordance with the customer-contracted level of interruptible service.

210

E-Print Network 3.0 - automated fiber placement Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Bonding for Active Summary: Epoxyless Fiber-to-Submount Bonding for Active Fiber Optoelectronic and Fiber Backplane Applications Don C... Abstract--A fiber-coupled optical...

211

MULTI-EPOCH OBSERVATIONS OF THE RED WING EXCESS IN THE SPECTRUM OF 3C 279  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It has been previously determined that there is a highly significant correlation between the spectral index from 10 GHz to 1350 A and the amount of excess luminosity in the red wing of quasar C IV {lambda}1549 broad emission lines (BELs). Ostensibly, the prominence of the red excess is associated with the radio jet emission mechanism and is most pronounced for lines of sight close to the jet axis. Studying the scant significant differences in the UV spectra of radio-loud and radio-quiet quasars might provide vital clues to the origin of the unknown process that creates powerful relativistic jets that appear in only about 10% of quasars. In this study, the phenomenon is explored with multi-epoch observations of the Mg II {lambda}2798 broad line in 3C 279 which has one of the largest known red wing excesses in a quasar spectrum. The amount of excess that is detected appears to be independent of all directly observed optical continuum, radio, or submillimeter properties (fluxes or polarizations). The only trend that occurs in this sparse data is: the stronger the BEL, the larger the fraction of flux that resides in the red wing. It is concluded that more monitoring is needed and spectropolarimetry with a large telescope is essential during low states to understand more.

Punsly, Brian, E-mail: brian.punsly@verizon.net, E-mail: brian.punsly@comdev-usa.com [1415 Granvia Altamira, Palos Verdes Estates, CA 90274 (United States); ICRANet, Piazza della Repubblica 10, I-65100 Pescara (Italy)

2013-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

212

Fisetin and rutin as 3C protease inhibitors of enterovirus A71  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) causes severe complications: encephalitis, pulmonary edema, and death. No effective drug has been approved for clinical use. This study investigated the antiviral effects of flavonoids against EV-A71. An in vitro inhibitor screening assay using recombinant EV-A71 3C protease (3Cpro) demonstrated fisetin and rutin inhibiting 3Cpro enzymatic activity in a dose-dependent manner. Cell-based fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) assay with an EV-A71 3Cpro cleavage motif probe also confirmed that fisetin and rutin inhibited the replication of EV-A71 in cells. A virus replication assay indicated that fisetin and rutin reduced significantly the EV-A71-induced cytopathic effect and viral plaque titers in RD cells culture. The IC50 values of plaque reduction against EV-A71 were 85?M for fisetin and 110?M for rutin. Therapeutic indices (CC50/IC50 of plaque reduction assays) of fisetin and rutin exceeded 10. The study suggests that fisetin and rutin inhibit the replication of EV-A71.

Ying-Ju Lin; Yi-Chih Chang; Nai-Wan Hsiao; Jing-Ling Hsieh; Ching-Ying Wang; Szu-Hao Kung; Fuu-Jen Tsai; Yu-Ching Lan; Cheng-Wen Lin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Carbon fibers from SRC pitch  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention relates to an improved method of manufacturing carbon fibers from a coal derived pitch. The improvement resides in the use of a solvent refined coal which has been hydrotreated and subjected to solvent extraction whereby the hetero atom content in the resulting product is less than 4.0% by weight and the softening point is between about 100.degree.-250.degree. F.

Greskovich, Eugene J. (Allentown, PA); Givens, Edwin N. (Bethlehem, PA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Superconductivity at 28?K in CaB{sub 3}C{sub 3} predicted from first-principles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The structural parameters, electronic properties, and superconducting state in the graphite-like B{sub x}C{sub 1?x} intercalation compound, CaB{sub 3}C{sub 3}, have been studied using pseudopotential density functional theory within the generalized gradient approximation. Electronic and electronphonon coupling calculations reveal that CaB{sub 3}C{sub 3} is hole conducting and superconducting with critical temperature 28.2?K, which is much higher than that of CaC{sub 6} (11.5?K). The excellent superconducting state in CaB{sub 3}C{sub 3} stems from the simultaneous presence of highly mobile and extremely confined conduction electrons, which enhances electron pairing and superconductivity. The current calculations might stimulate further theoretical and experimental investigation in search of new superconducting states in graphite-like B{sub x}C{sub 1?x} intercalated compounds.

Chen, Wanjin, E-mail: chenwwjj@gmail.com, E-mail: chenwwjj@126.com [College of Physics, Jilin Normal University, Siping 136000 (China)

2013-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

215

Interferometric fiber optic displacement sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method is presented to produce a change in the optical path length in the gap between two single mode optical fibers proportional to the lateral displacement of either fiber end normal to its axis. This is done with the use of refraction or diffraction at the interface between a guiding and non-guiding media to change the direction of propagation of the light in the gap. A method is also presented for laying a waveguide on a cantilever so that the displacement of the tip of the cantilever produces a proportional path length change in the gap by distancing the waveguide from the neutral axis of the cantilever. The fiber is supported as a cantilever or a waveguide is deposited on a micromachined cantilever and incorporated in an interferometer which is made totally on a silicon substrate with the use of integrated-optic technology. A resonant element in the form of a micro-bridge is incorporated in the ridge waveguide and produces a frequency output which is readily digitizeable and immune to laser frequency noise. Finally, monolithic mechanical means for phase modulation are provided on the same sensor substrate. This is done by vibrating the cantilever or micro-bridge either electrically or optically. 29 figs.

Farah, J.

1995-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

216

Constraining the extension of a possible gamma-ray halo of 3C 279 from 2008-2014 solar occultations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The angular extension of the gamma-ray image of 3C 279 may be constrained by studying its solar occultations as suggested by Fairbairn et al. (2010). We perform this kind of analysis for seven occultations observed by Fermi-LAT in 2008-2014, using the Fermi-LAT Solar System tools. The results are interpreted in terms of models with extended gamma-ray halo of 3C 279; first constraints on the size and the flux of the halo are reported.

Kotelnikov, Egor; Troitsky, Sergey

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

STRUCTURAL HEALTH MONITORING OF COMPOSITE LAMINATES WITH EMBEDDED PIEZOELECTRIC FIBERS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The actuation of ultrasonic guided waves in a carbon fiber reinforced polymer plate from embedded metal core piezoelectric fibers is studied for structural health monitoring applications. A linear array of fibers embedded at the midplane can generate guided waves transverse to the fiber direction. Finite element simulations show that a significant source influence is associated with the small diameter piezoelectric fibers.

Cliff J. Lissenden; James L. Blackshire; Padma K. Puthillath

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Rugged fiber optic probe for raman measurement  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical probe for conducting light scattering analysis is disclosed. The probe comprises a hollow housing and a probe tip. A fiber assembly made up of a transmitting fiber and a receiving bundle is inserted in the tip. A filter assembly is inserted in the housing and connected to the fiber assembly. A signal line from the light source and to the spectrometer also is connected to the filter assembly and communicates with the fiber assembly. By using a spring-loaded assembly to hold the fiber connectors together with the in-line filters, complex and sensitive alignment procedures are avoided. The close proximity of the filter assembly to the probe tip eliminates or minimizes self-scattering generated by the optical fiber. Also, because the probe can contact the sample directly, sensitive optics can be eliminated.

O'Rourke, Patrick E. (Martinez, GA); Toole, Jr., William R. (Aiken, SC); Nave, Stanley E. (Evans, GA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Laser Cooled High-Power Fiber Amplifier  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A theoretical model for laser cooled continuous-wave fiber amplifier is presented. The amplification process takes place in the Tm3+-doped core of the fluoride ZBLAN (ZrF4-BaF2-LaF3-AlF3-NaF) glass fiber. The cooling process takes place in the Yb3+:ZBLAN fiber cladding. It is shown that for each value of the pump power and the amplified signal there is a distribution of the concentration of the Tm3+ along the length of the fiber amplifier, which provides its athermal operation. The influence of a small deviation in the value of the amplified signal on the temperature of the fiber with the fixed distribution of the Tm3+ions in the fiber cladding is investigated.

Nemova, Galina

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Graphene-filled hollow optical fiber saturable absorber for efficient soliton fiber laser mode-locking  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We demonstrate a novel in-line saturable absorber based on hollow optical fiber (HOF) filled with graphene composite for high power operation of mode-locked fiber laser. Evanescent...

Choi, Sun Young; Cho, Dae Kun; Song, Yong-Won; Oh, Kyunghwan; Kim, Kihong; Rotermund, Fabian; Yeom, Dong-Il

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Characterization of three dimensional fiber orientation in short-fiber composites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A mathematical procedure for recovering from image analysis the three dimensional nonsymmetric fiber-orientation distribution in short-fiber composites is proposed. Microphotographs from two orthogonal faces of a composite sample are needed to determine the three dimensional fiber orientation. A simple weighting function is derived to take into account the probability of intercepting fibers at varying inclination angles. The present procedure improves the previous works of other researchers in the following two aspects. First, it can obtain the single-angle fiber-orientation distribution from one micrograph in reference to the normal of the photographed surface. This distribution is often needed in predicting the mechanical and physical properties of short-fiber composites in this direction. Second, no symmetry in fiber-orientation distribution is assumed in the determination of the three dimensional fiber-orientation, which makes the present procedure more practical and versatile.

Zhu, Yuntian T.; Blumenthal, W.R.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Core stress distribution of phase shifting multimode polymer optical fiber  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Poly-(methyl methacrylate-co-benzyl methacrylate) polarization-maintaining optical fibers are known for their high response to normal stress. In this report, responses to higher stress levels up to 0.45?MPa were investigated. The stress amplitude and direction in the fiber cross section were calculated and analyzed with a coincident mode-field obtained from the near-field pattern. The stress amplitude varies significantly in the horizontal direction and is considered to create multiple phases, explaining the measurement results. To investigate possible permanent deformation, the core yield point profile was analyzed. Although it largely exceeds the average applied stress, the calculated stress distribution indicates that the core could partially experience stress that exceeds the yield point.

Furukawa, Rei, E-mail: furukawa@ee.uec.ac.jp; Matsuura, Motoharu [Center for Frontier Science and Engineering, The University of Electro-Communications, Chofugaoka 1-5-1, Chofu, Tokyo 182-8585 (Japan)] [Center for Frontier Science and Engineering, The University of Electro-Communications, Chofugaoka 1-5-1, Chofu, Tokyo 182-8585 (Japan); Nagata, Morio; Mishima, Kenji [Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology, The University of Tokyo, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153-8904 (Japan)] [Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology, The University of Tokyo, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153-8904 (Japan); Inoue, Azusa; Tagaya, Akihiro; Koike, Yasuhiro [Keio Photonics Research Institute, Keio University, Saiwaiku Shinkawasaki 7-1, Kawasaki, Kanagawa 212-0032 (Japan)] [Keio Photonics Research Institute, Keio University, Saiwaiku Shinkawasaki 7-1, Kawasaki, Kanagawa 212-0032 (Japan)

2013-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

223

ELECTROSPUN POLYMER-FIBER SOLAR CELL.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??A study of fabricating the first electrospun polymer-fiber solar cell with MEHPPV is presented. Motivation for the work and a brief history of solar cell (more)

Nagata, Shinobu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Estimation of ovular fiber production in cotton  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present invention is a method for rendering cotton fiber cells that are post-anthesis and pre-harvest available for analysis of their physical properties. The method includes the steps of hydrolyzing cotton fiber cells and separating cotton fiber cells from cotton ovules thereby rendering the cells available for analysis. The analysis of the fiber cells is through any suitable means, e.g., visual inspection. Visual inspection of the cells can be accomplished by placing the cells under an instrument for detection, such as microscope or other means.

Van't Hof, Jack (Brookhaven, NY)

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Estimation of ovular fiber production in cotton  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present invention is a method for rendering cotton fiber cells that are post-anthesis and pre-harvest available for analysis of their physical properties. The method includes the steps of hydrolyzing cotton fiber cells and separating cotton fiber cells from cotton ovules thereby rendering the cells available for analysis. The analysis of the fiber cells is through any suitable means, e.g., visual inspection. Visual inspection of the cells can be accomplished by placing the cells under an instrument for detection, such as microscope or other means. 4 figs.

Van`t Hof, J.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

In Home Networking using Optical Fiber  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Increased bandwidth requirements for in-home networks create opportunities for optical fiber interconnects. We outline the requirements for in-home networking and discuss the...

Ten, Sergey

227

Carbon Fiber Damage in Accelerator Beam  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Carbon fibers are commonly used as moving targets in Beam Wire Scanners. Because of their thermomechanical properties they are very resistant to particle beams. Their strength deteriorates with time due to radiation damage and low-cycle thermal fatigue. In case of high intensity beams this process can accelerate and in extreme cases the fiber is damaged during a single scan. In this work a model describing the fiber temperature, thermionic emission and sublimation is discussed. Results are compared with fiber damage test performed on SPS beam in November 2008. In conclusions the limits of Wire Scanner operation on high intensity beams are drawn.

Sapinski, M; Guerrero, A; Koopman, J; Mtral, E

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Solar Day-Lighting Using Optical Fibers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Green lighting alternatives can substantially reduce electricity consumption. Solar day-lighting system, by transporting the concentrated sunlight through optical fibers, has been...

Kumar, Naveen; Patil, Sanket

229

Large Pitch Hollow Core Honeycomb Fiber  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new kind of hollow core photonic crystal fiber (HC-PCF) for broadband guidance is introduced. Structural and optical properties of a fabricated example are detailed.

Beaudou, Benot; Couny, Franois; Benabid, Fetah; Roberts, Peter John

230

Hollow-Fiber Reverse Osmosis Membranes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hollow-fiber membranes for reverse osmosis desalination are typically of the dense wall ... compact modules and further improve the economics of reverse osmosis desalination.

Mark E. Cohen; Michael A. Grable; Billy M. Riggleman

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Natural Fiber Composites: Retting, Preform Manufacture & Molding...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, May 18-22, 2009 -- Washington D.C. lm12smith.pdf More Documents & Publications Natural Fiber Composites: Retting, Preform...

232

Natural Fiber Composites: Retting, Preform Manufacture & Molding...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

"Mega" Merit Review 2008 on February 25, 2008 in Bethesda, Maryland. merit08smith3.pdf More Documents & Publications Natural Fiber Composites: Retting, Preform...

233

Sound velocities of compressed Fe3C from simultaneous synchrotron X-ray diffraction and nuclear resonant scattering measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A recently installed X-ray diffraction facility that is integrated with existing nuclear resonant scattering set-ups at Sector 3 of the Advanced Photon Source at Argonne National Laboratory is introduced. Its applications for measuring the sound velocities of compressed Fe3C are reported.

Gao, L.

2009-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

234

THE {gamma}-RAY EMISSION REGION IN THE FANAROFF-RILEY II RADIO GALAXY 3C 111  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The broad-line radio galaxy 3C 111, characterized by a Fanaroff-Riley II (FRII) radio morphology, is one of the sources of the misaligned active galactic nucleus sample, consisting of radio galaxies and steep spectrum radio quasars, recently detected by the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT). Our analysis of the 24 month {gamma}-ray light curve shows that 3C 111 was only occasionally detected at high energies. It was bright at the end of 2008 and faint, below the Fermi-LAT sensitivity threshold, for the rest of the time. A multifrequency campaign of 3C 111, ongoing in the same period, revealed an increase of the millimeter, optical, and X-ray fluxes in 2008 September-November, interpreted by Chatterjee et al. as due to the passage of a superluminal knot through the jet core. The temporal coincidence of the millimeter-optical-X-ray outburst with the GeV activity suggests a cospatiality of the events, allowing, for the first time, the localization of the {gamma}-ray dissipative zone in an FRII jet. We argue that the GeV photons of 3C 111 are produced in a compact region confined within 0.1 pc and at a distance of about 0.3 pc from the black hole.

Grandi, P.; Torresi, E. [Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica-IASFBO, Via Gobetti 101, I-40129, Bologna (Italy); Stanghellini, C., E-mail: grandi@iasfbo.inaf.it, E-mail: torresi@iasfbo.inaf.it, E-mail: cstan@ira.inaf.it [Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica-IRA, Via Gobetti 101, I-40129, Bologna (Italy)

2012-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

235

High Quality Graphene Formation on Improved 3C-SiC Epilayer Michael Walker,1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UG-32 High Quality Graphene Formation on Improved 3C-SiC Epilayer Michael Walker,1 excellent electronic, mechanical, photonic properties and 2D nature, graphene is believed to be able to push the semiconductor industry into the beyond- CMOS era. Among all the synthesis methods, the Graphene-On-Silicon (GOS

236

Alliance of Chicago Community Health Services, L3C 215 W. Ohio, 4th floor Chicago, IL 60654  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Alliance of Chicago Community Health Services, L3C 215 W. Ohio, 4th floor Chicago, IL 60654 Phone at the Alliance of Chicago Community Health Services (Alliance). He/She is responsible for programming design life cycle for the Alliance EHR, which includes the following primary tasks: o Programming

Liblit, Ben

237

Fiber chimeric oncolytic adenovrial vectors for effective gene transfer and oncolysis of head and neck cancer and melanoma cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...expression levels of the adenovirus receptor (CAR) and/or integrins on cancer cells have...virus replications to cancer cells with a defective Rb pathway. Vectors bearing these fiber...These results correlated with low levels of CAR and high levels of CD46 on the surface...

Shanthi Ganesh; Seshidhar Reddy Police; Yuanhao Li; Peter Working; and Yu De-Chao

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Correlating Detergent Fiber Analysis and Dietary Fiber Analysis Data for Corn Stover  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There exist large amounts of detergent fiber analysis data [neutral detergent fiber (NDF), acid detergent fiber (ADF), acid detergent lignin (ADL)] for many different potential cellulosic ethanol feedstocks, since these techniques are widely used for the analysis of forages. Researchers working in the area of cellulosic ethanol are interested in the structural carbohydrates in a feedstock (principally glucan and xylan), which are typically determined by acid hydrolysis of the structural fraction after multiple extractions of the biomass. These so-called dietary fiber analysis methods are significantly more involved than detergent fiber analysis methods. The purpose of this study was to determine whether it is feasible to correlate detergent fiber analysis values to glucan and xylan content determined by dietary fiber analysis methods for corn stover. In the detergent fiber analysis literature cellulose is often estimated as the difference between ADF and ADL, while hemicellulose is often estimated as the difference between NDF and ADF. Examination of a corn stover dataset containing both detergent fiber analysis data and dietary fiber analysis data predicted using near infrared spectroscopy shows that correlations between structural glucan measured using dietary fiber techniques and cellulose estimated using detergent techniques, and between structural xylan measured using dietary fiber techniques and hemicellulose estimated using detergent techniques are high, but are driven largely by the underlying correlation between total extractives measured by fiber analysis and NDF/ADF. That is, detergent analysis data is correlated to dietary fiber analysis data for structural carbohydrates, but only indirectly; the main correlation is between detergent analysis data and solvent extraction data produced during the dietary fiber analysis procedure.

Wolfrum, E. J.; Lorenz, A. J.; deLeon, N.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Data:B13b2ad7-0161-4d3c-9a05-0c4abf5ee4be | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ad7-0161-4d3c-9a05-0c4abf5ee4be ad7-0161-4d3c-9a05-0c4abf5ee4be No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: PPL Electric Utilities Corp Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: GS-3 (General Service Medium) Sector: Commercial Description: This Rate Schedule is for large general two phase and greater service at secondary voltage. Where necessary, the Company furnishes and maintains one transformation from line voltage to a lower Company standard service voltage. New applications with voltage levels higher than the secondary voltage will not be accepted after January 1, 2005.

240

E-Print Network 3.0 - activated carbon fiber Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

fiber Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: activated carbon fiber...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Renewable, Low-Cost Carbon Fiber for Lightweight Vehicles: Summary...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Renewable, Low-Cost Carbon Fiber for Lightweight Vehicles: Summary Report Renewable, Low-Cost Carbon Fiber for Lightweight Vehicles: Summary Report This report outlines the final...

242

Lower Cost Carbon Fiber Precursors | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Lower Cost Carbon Fiber Precursors Lower Cost Carbon Fiber Precursors 2010 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen Programs Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, June...

243

Oak Ridge National Laboratory Carbon Fiber Technology Facility  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Oak Ridge National Laboratory Carbon Fiber Technology Facility Low-Cost Carbon Fiber | Proposal Guidelines Proposal Guidelines Proposals should be no more than 5 single spaced...

244

Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Composites: Pursuing the Promise | Department...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Composites: Pursuing the Promise Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Composites: Pursuing the Promise High-strength, lightweight advanced composites will deliver a...

245

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Carbon Fiber Technology...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Carbon Fiber Technology Facility Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Carbon Fiber Technology Facility Presentation given...

246

High power fiber delivery for laser ignition applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present contribution provides a concise review of high power fiber delivery research for laser ignition applications. The fiber delivery requirements are discussed in terms of exit...

Yalin, Azer P

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Low Cost Carbon Fiber Overview | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Low Cost Carbon Fiber Overview Low Cost Carbon Fiber Overview 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

248

Fiber optic probe having fibers with endfaces formed for improved coupling efficiency and method using same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fiber optic probe for detecting scattered light, with transmitting and receiving fibers having slanted ends and bundled together to form a bevel within the tip of the probe. The probe comprises a housing with a transparent window across its tip for protecting the transmitting and receiving fibers held therein. The endfaces of the fibers are slanted, by cutting, polishing and the like, so that they lie in a plane that is not perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the respective fiber. The fibers are held in the tip of the probe using an epoxy and oriented so that lines normal to the slanted endfaces are divergent with respect to one another. The epoxy, which is positioned substantially between the transmitting and receiving fibers, is tapered so that the transmitting fiber, the epoxy and the receiving fiber form a bevel of not more than 20 degrees. The angled fiber endfaces cause directing of the light cones toward each other, resulting in improved light coupling efficiency. A light absorber, such as carbon black, is contained in the epoxy to reduce crosstalk between the transmitting and receiving fibers.

O'Rourke, Patrick E. (Martinez, GA); Livingston, Ronald R. (Aiken, SC)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Fiber optic probe having fibers with endfaces formed for improved coupling efficiency and method using same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fiber optic probe is disclosed for detecting scattered light, with transmitting and receiving fibers having slanted ends and bundled together to form a bevel within the tip of the probe. The probe comprises a housing with a transparent window across its tip for protecting the transmitting and receiving fibers held therein. The endfaces of the fibers are slanted, by cutting, polishing and the like, so that they lie in a plane that is not perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the respective fiber. The fibers are held in the tip of the probe using an epoxy and oriented so that lines normal to the slanted endfaces are divergent with respect to one another. The epoxy, which is positioned substantially between the transmitting and receiving fibers, is tapered so that the transmitting fiber, the epoxy and the receiving fiber form a bevel of not more than 20 degrees. The angled fiber endfaces cause directing of the light cones toward each other, resulting in improved light coupling efficiency. A light absorber, such as carbon black, is contained in the epoxy to reduce crosstalk between the transmitting and receiving fibers. 3 figures.

O`Rourke, P.E.; Livingston, R.R.

1995-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

250

Carbon Fiber Composite Pyramidal Lattice Structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Carbon Fiber Composite Pyramidal Lattice Structures A Thesis Presented to the faculty of the School the facesheets and the core were created from pre-cured, bi-axial carbon fiber laminated plates. The cores were approach which permits lattice fabrication from high specific strength aluminum and titanium alloys. Carbon

Wadley, Haydn

251

Triangular-profile single-mode fiber  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A low-loss triangular-profile single-mode fiber is reported. The fiber loss at 1.31.55-?m wavelengths is below 0.4 dB/km, and its zero-chromatic-dispersion wavelength is 1.402 ?m.

Saifi, M A; Cohen, L G; Stone, J; Jang, S J

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

The Transport Properties of Activated Carbon Fibers  

DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

The transport properties of activated isotropic pitch-based carbon fibers with surface area 1000 m{sup 2}/g have been investigated. We report preliminary results on the electrical conductivity, the magnetoresistance, the thermal conductivity and the thermopower of these fibers as a function of temperature. Comparisons are made to transport properties of other disordered carbons.

di Vittorio, S. L.; Dresselhaus, M. S.; Endo, M.; Issi, J-P.; Piraux, L.

1990-07-00T23:59:59.000Z

253

Fiber-optic voltage sensor with cladded fiber and evanescent wave variation detection  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fiber optic voltage sensor is described which includes a source of light, a reference fiber for receiving a known percentage of the light and an electrostrictive element having terminals across which is applied, a voltage to be measured. The electrostrictive element is responsive to the applied voltage to assume an altered physical state. A measuring fiber also receives a known percentage of light from the light source and is secured about the electrostrictive element. The measuring fiber is provided with a cladding and exhibits an evanescent wave in the cladding. The measuring fiber has a known length which is altered when the electrostrictive element assumes its altered physical state. A differential sensor is provided which senses the intensity of light in both the reference fiber and the measuring fiber and provides an output indicative of the difference between the intensities. 3 figs.

Wood, C.B.

1992-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

254

Fiber-optic voltage sensor with cladded fiber and evanescent wave variation detection  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fiber optic voltage sensor is described which includes a source of light, a reference fiber for receiving a known percentage of the light and an electrostrictive element having terminals across which is applied, a voltage to be measured. The electrostrictive element is responsive to the applied voltage to assume an altered physical state. A measuring fiber also receives a known percentage of light from the light source and is secured about the electrostrictive element. The measuring fiber is provided with a cladding and exhibits an evanescent wave in the cladding. The measuring fiber has a known length which is altered when the electrostrictive element assumes its altered physical state. A differential sensor is provided which senses the intensity of light in both the reference fiber and the measuring fiber and provides an output indicative of the difference between the intensities.

Wood, Charles B. (Lakewood, CO)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Remotely readable fiber optic compass  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A remotely readable fiber optic compass. A sheet polarizer is affixed to a magnet rotatably mounted in a compass body, such that the polarizer rotates with the magnet. The optical axis of the sheet polarizer is preferably aligned with the north-south axis of the magnet. A single excitation light beam is divided into four identical beams, two of which are passed through the sheet polarizer and through two fixed polarizing sheets which have their optical axes at right angles to one another. The angle of the compass magnet with respect to a fixed axis of the compass body can be determined by measuring the ratio of the intensities of the two light beams. The remaining ambiguity as to which of the four possible quadrants the magnet is pointing to is resolved by the second pair of light beams, which are passed through the sheet polarizer at positions which are transected by two semicircular opaque strips formed on the sheet polarizer. The incoming excitation beam and the four return beams are communicated by means of optical fibers, giving a remotely readable compass which has no electrical parts.

Migliori, Albert (Santa Fe, NM); Swift, Gregory W. (Los Alamos, NM); Garrett, Steven L. (Pebble Beach, CA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Method for preparing polyaniline fibers  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Stable, concentrated solutions of high molecular weight polyaniline. In order to process high quality fibers and other articles possessing good mechanical properties, it is known that solution concentrations of the chosen polymer should be in the range from 15-30% (w/w). Moreover, it is desirable to use the highest molecular weight consistent with the solubility properties of the polymer. However, such solutions are inherently unstable, forming gels before processing can be achieved. The present invention describes the addition gel inhibitors (GIs) to the polymer solution, thereby permitting high concentrations (>15% (w/w)) of high molecular weight ((M.sub.w)>120,000, and (M.sub.n)>30,000) emeraldine base (EB) polyaniline to be dissolved. Secondary amines have been used for this purpose in concentrations which are small compared to those which might otherwise be used in a cosolvent role therefor. The resulting solutions are useful for generating excellent fibers, films, coatings and other objects, since the solutions are stable for significant time periods, and the GIs are present in too small concentrations to cause polymer deterioration. It is demonstrated that the GIs found to be useful do not act as cosolvents, and that gelation times of the solutions are directly proportional to the concentration of GI. In particular, there is a preferred concentration of GI, which if exceeded causes structural and electrical conductivity degradation of resulting articles. Heating of the solutions significantly improves solubility.

Mattes, Benjamin R. (Santa Fe, NM); Wang, Hsing-Lin (Los Alamos, NM)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

The Cotton Kinesin-Like Calmodulin-Binding Protein Associates with Cortical Microtubles in Cotton Fibers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Microtubules in interphase plant cells form a cortical array, which is critical for plant cell morphogenesis. Genetic studies imply that the minus end-directed microtubule motor kinesin-like calmodulin-binding protein (KCBP) plays a role in trichome morphogenesis in Arabidopsis. However, it was not clear whether this motor interacted with interphase microtubules. In cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) fibers, cortical microtubules undergo dramatic reorganization during fiber development. In this study, cDNA clones of the cotton KCBP homolog GhKCBP were isolated from a cotton fiber-specific cDNA library. During cotton fiber development from 10 to 21 DPA, the GhKCBP protein level gradually decreases. By immunofluorescence, GhKCBP was detected as puncta along cortical microtubules in fiber cells of different developmental stages. Thus the results provide evidence that GhKCBP plays a role in interphase cell growth likely by interacting with cortical microtubules. In contrast to fibers, in dividing cells of cotton, GhKCBP localized to the nucleus, the microtubule preprophase band, mitotic spindle, and the phragmoplast. Therefore KCBP likely exerts multiple roles in cell division and cell growth in flowering plants.

Preuss, Mary L.; Delmar, Deborah P.; Liu, Bo

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Lower Cost, Higher Performance Carbon Fiber  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

David (Dave) Warren David (Dave) Warren Field Technical Manager Transportation Materials Research Oak Ridge National Laboratory P.O. Box 2009, M/S 8050 Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-8050 Phone: 865-574-9693 Fax: 865-574-0740 Email: WarrenCD@ORNL.GOV Lower Cost, Higher Performance Carbon Fiber 14 February 2011 2 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Presentation_name Questions for Today Materials How can the cost of carbon fiber suitable for higher performance applications (H 2 Storage) be developed? H 2 Storage requirements implies Aerospace grade fibers. Can we build off of work previously done for more modest structural applications? To accurately answer: We need to know the minimum performance and maximum cost requirements of the fiber not simply the properties of current fiber.

259

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced dti fiber Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

results for: advanced dti fiber Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Free-Form Fibers: A Whole Brain Fiber-to-DTI Registration Method Summary: Free-Form Fibers: A Whole Brain Fiber-to-DTI...

260

Data:87978379-5878-473a-9e17-aaf0f3c0890f | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

8379-5878-473a-9e17-aaf0f3c0890f 8379-5878-473a-9e17-aaf0f3c0890f No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Algoma Utility Comm Effective date: 2008/05/28 End date if known: Rate name: Small Power Service - More than 100kW -Primary Metering Discount Sector: Commercial Description: Application: This rate will be applied to customers for all types of service if their monthly Maximum Measured Demand is in excess of 100 kilowatts (kW) per month for three or more months in a consecutive 12-month period, unless the customer exceeds the application conditions of the large power time-of-day schedule.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Data:159106d9-928f-4116-b89c-5feb3c199290 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

d9-928f-4116-b89c-5feb3c199290 d9-928f-4116-b89c-5feb3c199290 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Bailey County Elec Coop Assn Effective date: 2004/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting 175 W MV Sector: Lighting Description: Plus $1.00 per month for each extra pole required Source or reference: Rate Binder 5, Illinois State University Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring:

262

Data:84fdc56e-3253-4761-baac-bd3c5c7957ca | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

fdc56e-3253-4761-baac-bd3c5c7957ca fdc56e-3253-4761-baac-bd3c5c7957ca No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Perennial Public Power Dist Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: General Service - Municipal (Rate Code 45) Single Phase Sector: Commercial Description: Applicable to miscellaneous municipal services (excluding municipal pumping), school districts, and other non-federal agencies, which are principally tax supported. Source or reference: http://www.perennialpower.com/Images/URBAN_GENERAL_AND_PUBLIC_SERVICE.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW)

263

Data:0b37e540-ab3c-420e-882e-aec532313539 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

e540-ab3c-420e-882e-aec532313539 e540-ab3c-420e-882e-aec532313539 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Duke Energy Indiana Inc Effective date: 2009/09/14 End date if known: Rate name: High Load Factor - Primary Direct Sector: Industrial Description: Availability Available to any customer contracting for a specified capacity of not less than 25 kW. Applicant must be located adjacent to an electric transmission or distribution line of Company that is adequate and suitable for supplying the service requested. Character of Service Alternating current having a frequency of sixty Hertz and furnished in accordance with the provisions set forth hereunder.

264

Data:16e3a087-a3df-4bd4-bcd3-c9944339aebb | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

a087-a3df-4bd4-bcd3-c9944339aebb a087-a3df-4bd4-bcd3-c9944339aebb No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Salmon River Electric Coop Inc Effective date: 2006/02/01 End date if known: Rate name: Irrigation -Large 30 KW or greater Sector: Commercial Description: The type of service provided under this schedule is three phase, at secondary or primary voltage and supplied through one meter at one point of delivery. If service is provided at primary voltage, the contract for service shall specify the point of delivery, establish all metering costs to be paid by the member, and delineate ownership and control of such facilities.

265

Data:522e48ec-3c94-4379-9090-c7b153004cb1 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ec-3c94-4379-9090-c7b153004cb1 ec-3c94-4379-9090-c7b153004cb1 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Joe Wheeler Elec Member Corp Effective date: 2013/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: Manufacturing Service Rate--Schedule SMSD Sector: Industrial Description: This rate shall apply to the firm electric power requirements where (a) a customer's currently effective contract demand is greater than 25,000 kW. Source or reference: http://www.jwemc.org/rateforms.aspx Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh):

266

Data:078aeccf-7853-4919-9494-1da67fff6a3c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

aeccf-7853-4919-9494-1da67fff6a3c aeccf-7853-4919-9494-1da67fff6a3c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Entergy Gulf States Louisiana LLC Effective date: 2010/07/09 End date if known: Rate name: 2 Lightinhg service to existing instalation only - schedule SHL - Fluorescent - 400W Sector: Lighting Description: This rate schedule is applicable under the regular terms and conditions of Company to Street and Highway Lighting Service, Area Lighting Service, and Residential Subdivision Lighting (existing installations or extensions thereof) only. This rate is not applicable to new installations.

267

Data:889670c3-c5fd-4410-ad59-f90d746d2387 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

70c3-c5fd-4410-ad59-f90d746d2387 70c3-c5fd-4410-ad59-f90d746d2387 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Singing River Elec Pwr Assn (Mississippi) Effective date: 2010/04/07 End date if known: Rate name: Industrial Small General Service (Under 25 kW) Multi-Phase Sector: Industrial Description: *Subject to power cost adjustment, tax expense adjustment, and an environmental compliance charge. Minimum monthly charge is $40.00 Source or reference: http://www.singingriver.com/Files/SGS%203-3.pdf Source Parent: Comments Adjustment is Power Cost Adjustment plus Environmental Clause plus Regulatory Adjustment

268

Data:14035438-5238-4509-8e66-7e3c2a3659df | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

8-5238-4509-8e66-7e3c2a3659df 8-5238-4509-8e66-7e3c2a3659df No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Bailey County Elec Coop Assn Effective date: 2004/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting 400 W MV Sector: Lighting Description: Plus $1.00 per month for each extra pole required Source or reference: Rate Binder 5, Illinois State University Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring:

269

Data:1844e12d-12a3-4722-a554-be3c170bffaa | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

e12d-12a3-4722-a554-be3c170bffaa e12d-12a3-4722-a554-be3c170bffaa No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Tell City, Indiana (Utility Company) Effective date: 2008/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: Tariff A1: Single Phase Residential, Greater Than 200 Amps and Less Than 400 Amps Sector: Residential Description: The charges derived in the Tariff A1 rate are subject to adjustment for: Purchased Power Adjustment Tracking Factor. Source or reference: Rates Binder 1, Illinois State University Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months):

270

Data:5308e208-308c-4389-8459-3c342933daa3 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

8-308c-4389-8459-3c342933daa3 8-308c-4389-8459-3c342933daa3 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Adams Electric Cooperative Inc Effective date: 2011/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: SEA04 Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: http://www.adamsec.com/content/rates Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

271

Data:8fa56be7-cd3c-4384-ae40-815057fb723b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

be7-cd3c-4384-ae40-815057fb723b be7-cd3c-4384-ae40-815057fb723b No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Prairie Land Electric Coop Inc Effective date: 2010/01/14 End date if known: Rate name: Monthly Unmetered Investment Facility(MULT GLOBE 70W HPS-Option E) Sector: Lighting Description: Customer-100% Cooperative-0% Source or reference: http://www.prairielandelectric.com/Rates_PDF/MKEC%20Rates.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V):

272

Data:09765641-d802-4897-b864-961aced23a3c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

641-d802-4897-b864-961aced23a3c 641-d802-4897-b864-961aced23a3c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: La Farge Municipal Electric Co Effective date: 2009/03/20 End date if known: Rate name: Ms-1 Street Lighting Service Overhead 150 HPS Sector: Lighting Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0551 per kilowatt-hour.

273

Data:96f55a3c-8bfe-4647-a799-9636828f370d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

5a3c-8bfe-4647-a799-9636828f370d 5a3c-8bfe-4647-a799-9636828f370d No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Coldwater Board of Public Util Effective date: 2011/09/01 End date if known: Rate name: Street Lighting Service - 400 W HPS Sector: Lighting Description: The CBPU furnishes, installs and owns the entire equipment including poles, overhead lines, supply equipment, luminaries, supporting brackets, suspension cables, lamps and control equipment. The CBPU supplies the energy, replaces luminaries and lamps and maintains the entire equipment. Source or reference: http://www.coldwater.org/Content/Utility_General_Info.html

274

A Correlation Between Optical, X-ray, and Gamma-ray Variations in Blazar 3C 454.3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the light curve data of a remarkable blazer 3C 454.3 (z=0.859) in optical, X-ray, and gamma-ray bands. Since January 2008, we have been monitoring this object using the 50 cm MITSuME, a optical telescope, and detected several flares including extraordinary and simultaneous flares in the $\\gamma$-ray and optical bands in November 2010. Additionally, the Monitor of All-sky Image (MAXI) has been observing 3C 454.3 continuously since August 2009. Using these data and gamma-ray flux observed with Fermi-LAT, we discuss features and correlations of flux variations between the energy bands.

Tachibana, Yutaro; Pike, Sean

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Multilayered thermal insulation formed of zirconia bonded layers of zirconia fibers and metal oxide fibers and method for making same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A multilayered thermal insulating composite is formed of a first layer of zirconia-bonded zirconia fibers for utilization near the hot phase or surface of a furnace or the like. A second layer of zirconia-bonded metal oxide fibers is attached to the zirconia fiber layer by a transition layer formed of intermingled zirconia fibers and metal oxide fibers. The thermal insulation is fabricated by vacuum molding with the layers being sequentially applied from aqueous solutions containing the fibers to a configured mandrel. A portion of the solution containing the fibers forming the first layer is intermixed with the solution containing the fibers of the second layer for forming the layer of mixed fibers. The two layers of fibers joined together by the transition layer are saturated with a solution of zirconium oxynitrate which provides a zirconia matrix for the composite when the fibers are sintered together at their nexi.

Wrenn, Jr., George E. (Clinton, TN); Holcombe, Jr., Cressie E. (Farragut, TN)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Discovery of TeV gamma-ray emission from the Pulsar Wind Nebula 3C 58 by MAGIC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Pulsar Wind Nebula (PWN) 3C 58 is energized by one of the highest spin-down power pulsars known (5% of Crab pulsar) and it has been compared to the Crab Nebula due to their morphological similarities. This object was detected by Fermi-LAT with a spectrum extending beyond 100 GeV. We analyzed 81 hours of 3C 58 data taken with the MAGIC telescopes and we detected VHE gamma-ray emission for the first time at TeV energies with a significance of 5.7 sigma and an integral flux of 0.65% C.U. above 1 TeV. The differential energy spectrum between 400 GeV and 10 TeV is well described by a power-law function $d\\Phi/dE=f_{o}(E/1TeV)^{-\\Gamma}$ with $f_{o}=(2.0\\pm0.4stat\\pm0.6sys) 10^{-13}cm^{-2}s^{-1}TeV^{-1}$ and $\\Gamma=2.4\\pm0.2sta\\pm0.2sys$. This leads 3C 58 to be the least luminous PWN ever detected at VHE and the one with the lowest flux at VHE to date. According to time-dependent models in which electrons up-scatter photon fields, the best representation favors a distance to the PWN of 2 kpc and FIR comparable...

Bigas, O Blanch; Carmona, E; Prez-Torres, M A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Discovery of \\gamma-ray emission from a strongly lobe-dominated quasar 3C 275.1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We systematically analyze the 6-year Fermi/LAT data of the lobe-dominated quasars (LDQs) in the complete LDQ sample from 3CRR survey and report the discovery of high-energy \\gamma-ray emission from 3C 275.1. The \\gamma-ray emission likely associating with 3C 207 is confirmed and significant variability of the lightcurve is identified. We do not find statistically significant \\gamma-ray emission from other LDQs. 3C 275.1 is the known \\gamma-ray quasar with the lowest core dominance parameter (i.e., R=0.11). We also show that both the northern radio hotspot and parsec jet models provide acceptable descriptions to the \\gamma-ray data. Considering the potential \\gamma-ray variability at the timescale of months, the latter is probably more favorable. The number of \\gamma-ray LDQs would increase when the exposure accumulates and hence LDQs could be non-ignorable contributors for the extragalactic \\gamma-ray background.

Liao, Neng-Hui; Li, Shang; Jiang, Wei; Liang, Yun-Feng; Li, Xiang; Zhang, Peng-Fei; Chen, Liang; Bai, Jin-Ming; Fan, Yi-Zhong

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

2 micron femtosecond fiber laser  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods and systems for generating femtosecond fiber laser pulses are disclose, including generating a signal laser pulse from a seed laser oscillator; using a first amplifier stage comprising an input and an output, wherein the signal laser pulse is coupled into the input of the first stage amplifier and the output of the first amplifier stage emits an amplified and stretched signal laser pulse; using an amplifier chain comprising an input and an output, wherein the amplified and stretched signal laser pulse from the output of the first amplifier stage is coupled into the input of the amplifier chain and the output of the amplifier chain emits a further amplified, stretched signal laser pulse. Other embodiments are described and claimed.

Liu, Jian; Wan, Peng; Yang, Lihmei

2014-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

279

Fiber optic D dimer biosensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fiber optic sensor for D dimer (a fibrinolytic product) can be used in vivo (e.g., in catheter-based procedures) for the diagnosis and treatment of stroke-related conditions in humans. Stroke is the third leading cause of death in the United States. It has been estimated that strokes and stroke-related disorders cost Americans between $15-30 billion annually. Relatively recently, new medical procedures have been developed for the treatment of stroke. These endovascular procedures rely upon the use of microcatheters. These procedures could be facilitated with this sensor for D dimer integrated with a microcatheter for the diagnosis of clot type, and as an indicator of the effectiveness, or end-point of thrombolytic therapy.

Glass, Robert S. (Livermore, CA); Grant, Sheila A. (Pleasanton, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Effects of hadron irradiation on scintillating fibers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Trackers based on scintillating-fiber technology are being considered by the Solenoidal Detector Collaboration at SSC and the D[phi] collaboration at Fermilab. An important issue is the effect of the radiation existing in the detector cores on fiber properties. Most studies of radiation damage in scintillators have irradiated small bulk samples rather than fibers, and have used X-rays, [sup 60]Co gammas, or electron beams, often at accelerated rates. The authors have irradiated some 600 fibers in the Fermilab Tevatron C[phi] area, thereby obtaining a hadronic irradiation at realistic rates. Four-meter-long samples of ten Bicron polystyrene-based fiber types, maintained in air, dry nitrogen, argon, and vacuum atmospheres within stainless-steel tubes, were irradiated for seven weeks at various distances from the accelerator beam pipes. Maximum doses, measured by thermoluminescence detectors, were about 80 Krad. Fiber properties, particularly light yield and attenuation length, have been measured over a one-year period. A description of the work together with the results is presented. At the doses achieved, corresponding to a few years of actual fiber-tracking detector operation, little degradation is observed. In addition, recovery after several days' exposure to air has been noted. Properties of unirradiated samples kept in darkness show no changes after one year.

Atac, M. (Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States) Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (United States)); Buchanan, C.; Chrisman, D.; Cline, D.; Kolonko, J.; Kubic, J.; Park, J. (Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)); Baumbaugh, A.; Binkley, M.; Bross, A.D.; Finley, D.; Elias, J.; Foster, G.W.; Kephart, R.; Kephart, R.; Kim, C.; Park, H.; Pla-Dalmau, A.; Rivetta, C.; Tkaczyk, S.; Wagner, R. (Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (United States)); Chung, M.; Goldberg, H.; Jeskik, R.; Margulies, S.; Mendez, H.; Solomon, J.; Vaca, F. (Univ. of Illinois, Chicago, IL (United States)); Kelley, C. (Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Allied Health Sciences, Boston, MA (United States)); Baumbaugh, B.; Bishop, J.; Biswas, N.; Cason, N.; Jacques, J.; Kehoe, R.; Kelly, M.; Kenney, V.; LoSecco, J.; Ruchti, R.; Shephard, W.; Warchol, J.; Wayne, M.; Marchant, J.; Mountain, R.J. (Univ. of Notre Dame, IN (United States)); Davis, D.; Vandergriff, D. (O

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Communication Electric polarization in carbon fiber-reinforced cement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Communication Electric polarization in carbon fiber-reinforced cement Sihai Wen, D.D.L. Chung Abstract Electric polarization induced an increase of the measured electrical resistivity of carbon fiber of the cement paste through the use of carbon fibers that were more crystalline, the increase of the fiber

Chung, Deborah D.L.

282

Oak Ridge National Laboratory Carbon Fiber Technology Facility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oak Ridge National Laboratory Carbon Fiber Technology Facility Low-Cost Carbon Fiber | Proposal opportunity and how low-cost carbon fiber can facilitate successful entry. Submit completed proposal package and equipment, visit www.ornl.gov/manufacturing. #12;MDF: CFTF Low-Cost Carbon Fiber Proposal Guidelines 2 4

Pennycook, Steve

283

Compact, stable 1 ghz femtosecond er-doped fiber lasers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate a high-repetition-rate soliton fiber laser that is based on highly-doped anomalously-dispersive erbium-doped fiber. By splicing an 11-mm single mode fiber to the erbium-doped fiber, thermal damage of the ...

Byun, Hyunil

284

Characterization of Fiber Optic CMM Probe System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents a study completed on the fiber optic probe system that is a part of the Werth optical CMM. This study was necessary due to a lack of documentation from the vendor for the proper use and calibration of the fiber probe, and was performed in support of the Lithographie Galvanoformung Abformung (LIGA) development program at the FM&T. As a result of this study, a better understanding of the fiber optic probe has been developed, including guidelines for its proper use and calibration.

K.W.Swallow

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

285

Microbend fiber-optic chemical sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A microbend fiber-optic chemical sensor for detecting chemicals in a sample, and a method for its use, is disclosed. The sensor comprises at least one optical fiber having a microbend section (a section of small undulations in its axis), for transmitting and receiving light. In transmission, light guided through the microbend section scatters out of the fiber core and interacts, either directly or indirectly, with the chemical in the sample, inducing fluorescence radiation. Fluorescence radiation is scattered back into the microbend section and returned to an optical detector for determining characteristics of the fluorescence radiation quantifying the presence of a specific chemical.

Weiss, Jonathan D. (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Diode pumped alkali vapor fiber laser  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus is provided for producing near-diffraction-limited laser light, or amplifying near-diffraction-limited light, in diode pumped alkali vapor photonic-band-gap fiber lasers or amplifiers. Laser light is both substantially generated and propagated in an alkali gas instead of a solid, allowing the nonlinear and damage limitations of conventional solid core fibers to be circumvented. Alkali vapor is introduced into the center hole of a photonic-band-gap fiber, which can then be pumped with light from a pump laser and operated as an oscillator with a seed beam, or can be configured as an amplifier.

Payne, Stephen A. (Castro Valley, CA); Beach, Raymond J. (Livermore, CA); Dawson, Jay W. (Livermore, CA); Krupke, William F. (Pleasanton, CA)

2006-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

287

Diode pumped alkali vapor fiber laser  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus is provided for producing near-diffraction-limited laser light, or amplifying near-diffraction-limited light, in diode pumped alkali vapor photonic-band-gap fiber lasers or amplifiers. Laser light is both substantially generated and propagated in an alkali gas instead of a solid, allowing the nonlinear and damage limitations of conventional solid core fibers to be circumvented. Alkali vapor is introduced into the center hole of a photonic-band-gap fiber, which can then be pumped with light from a pump laser and operated as an oscillator with a seed beam, or can be configured as an amplifier.

Payne, Stephen A. (Castro Valley, CA); Beach, Raymond J. (Livermore, CA); Dawson, Jay W. (Livermore, CA); Krupke, William F. (Pleasanton, CA)

2007-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

288

New Energy-Saving Fiber Optic Lighting System Lights Up Public Spaces  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Focus to develop a Energy Focus to develop a breakthrough lighting technology that delivers light comparable to conventional lamps while using significantly less energy per lumen, reducing watts per square foot without sacrificing light levels. As a result of DOE SBIR and other government funding, EFO (efficient fiber optics) Lighting Systems can deliver as much as 80% energy savings over halogen or

289

Measurement of Thermal Conductivity of PbTe Nanocrystal Coated Glass Fibers by the 3 Method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and high aspect ratio result in a significant thermal radiation effect. We simulate the experiment using such as automobile exhaust pipes, power plant steam pipes, manufacturing industry cooling pipes, and so forth. Our the radiation effect and extract the thermal conductivity at the single fiber level. Our simulation method

Ruan, Xiulin

290

Multifunctional Structural Supercapacitor Composites Based on Carbon Aerogel Modified High Performance Carbon Fiber Fabric  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Multifunctional Structural Supercapacitor Composites Based on Carbon Aerogel Modified High Performance Carbon Fiber Fabric ... In particular, radical new approaches to energy storage are required to progress toward future zero emission electrical vehicles. ... vehicle attributes and, in particular, the various levels of hybrids. ...

Hui Qian; Anthony R. Kucernak; Emile S. Greenhalgh; Alexander Bismarck; Milo S. P. Shaffer

2013-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

291

Long-period fiber grating as wavelength selective element in double-clad Yb-doped fiber-ring lasers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Selection of operating wavelength of the Yb-doped fiber-ring lasers using longperiod fiber gratings (LPFGs) is suggested. In the proposed method, customized LPFG that sustains high powers serves as a broad-band rejection filter. It modifies the net gain profile of the laser, enabling the peak gain to occur at a designed wavelength. Spectral range of oscillation between 1050-1110 nm was experimentally demonstrated. This range can be extended to both shorter and longer wavelengths with proper design of the LPFG and length of the Yb-doped fiber. The gratings were inscribed by CO2 laser and the grating period down to 175 ?m was achieved being, to our best knowledge, the shortest reported LPFG period using this technique.

Peterka, P; Dussardier, Bernard; Slavik, R; Honzatko, P; Kubecek, V

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Introduction The Fiber-Lite MI-150 is a 150 Watt quartz halogen fiber optic illuminator designed for general microscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction ® The Fiber-Lite MI-150 is a 150 Watt quartz halogen fiber optic illuminator designed for general microscopy use. When used with specialty fiber optic cables the MI-150 illuminator can also Illuminator from the carton and retain the manual and any additional documents. ! Remove the fiber optic cable

Kleinfeld, David

293

The effect of second phase particles in the fiber/matrix interfacial strength of carbon fiber reinforced thermoset composites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the failure of the single fiber test specimen prior to saturation in the fiber fragmentation process. The microindentation tests were also unsuccessful due to fracture in the carbon fiber prior to interfacial debond. The fiber push-out test results were twice...

Lu, Chung-Yuan

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Data:Da6e1df5-02cb-47b1-b3c5-572e8b3c35e4 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

e1df5-02cb-47b1-b3c5-572e8b3c35e4 e1df5-02cb-47b1-b3c5-572e8b3c35e4 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Bangor, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2010/05/19 End date if known: Rate name: Rg-2 Optional Time-of-Day Three Phase (8:00am-8:00pm) Sector: Residential Description: Application: This rate schedule is optional to all Rg-1, Residential Service customers. Customers that wish to be served on this rate schedule must apply to the utility for service. Once an optional customer begins service on this rate schedule, the customer shall remain on the rate for a minimum of one year. Any customer choosing to be served on this rate schedule waives all rights to billing adjustments arising from a claim that the bill for service would be less on another rate schedule than under this rate schedule. Power Cost Adjustment Clause: Charge per all kWh varies monthly. Pricing Periods: On-peak: The three on-peak periods available are: 7:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. 9:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m. Monday through Friday, excluding holidays, specified below. Off-peak: All times not specified as on-peak including all day Saturday and Sunday, and the following holidays: New Year's Day, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day, or the day designated to be celebrated as such. Fixed Monthly Charge includes Commitment to Community Rider: $1.10 per customer per month

295

MICROMECHANICS IN CONTINOUS GRAPHITE FIBER/EPOXY COMPOSITES DURING CREEP  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Micro Raman spectroscopy and classic composite shear-lag models were used to analyze the evolution with time of fiber and matrix strain/stress around fiber breaks in planar model graphite fiber-epoxy matrix composites. Impressive agreements were found between the model predictions and the experimental results. The local matrix creep leads to an increase in the load transfer length around the break under a constant load. This increases the chance of fiber breakage in the neighboring intact fibers.

C. ZHOU; ET AL

2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Lower Cost, Higher Performance Carbon Fiber  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Strength; Fiber Format & Manufacturing Methods 1-10 M lbsyr 100M - 1B lbsyr Oil & Gas Deep Water Production Enabler Pipes, Drill Shafts, Off-Shore Structures Low Mass, High...

297

PROJECT REPORT COUPLING OF LIGHT THROUGH FIBER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 PROJECT REPORT COUPLING OF LIGHT THROUGH FIBER PHY 564 SUBMITTED BY: GAGANDEEP KAUR (952549116 size simplifies connections and also allows the use of lower-cost electronics such as light

La Rosa, Andres H.

298

Optoelectronic fiber webs for imaging applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate the use of novel visible and infrared light-sensitive optoelectronic fiber in the development of large scale photodector arrays. Unlike conventional point photodetectors these one-dimensional linear photodectors ...

Arnold, Jerimy Reeves

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Fiber to waveguide couplers for silicon photonics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As silicon photonics enters mainstream technology, we find ourselves in need of methods to seamlessly transfer light between the optical fibers of global scale telecommunications networks and the on-chip waveguides used ...

Montalbo, Trisha M., 1980-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Fabrication of microscale carbon nanotube fibers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have excellent mechanical, chemical, and electronic properties, but realizing these excellences in practical applications needs to assemble individual CNTs into larger-scale products. Recently, CNT fibers demonstrate the potential ...

Gengzhi Sun; Yani Zhang; Lianxi Zheng

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Fiber coupled optical spark delivery system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A spark delivery system for generating a spark using a laser beam is provided, the spark delivery system including a laser light source and a laser delivery assembly. The laser delivery assembly includes a hollow fiber and a launch assembly comprising launch focusing optics to input the laser beam in the hollow fiber. In addition, the laser delivery assembly includes exit focusing optics that demagnify an exit beam of laser light from the hollow fiber, thereby increasing the intensity of the laser beam and creating a spark. In accordance with embodiments of the present invention, the assembly may be used to create a spark in a combustion engine. In accordance with other embodiments of the present invention, a method of using the spark delivery system is provided. In addition, a method of choosing an appropriate fiber for creating a spark using a laser beam is also presented.

Yalin, Azer (Fort Collins, CO); Willson, Bryan (Fort Collins, CO); Defoort, Morgan (Fort Collins, CO)

2008-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

302

Fiber laser coupled optical spark delivery system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A spark delivery system for generating a spark using a laser beam is provided, and includes a laser light source and a laser delivery assembly. The laser delivery assembly includes a hollow fiber and a launch assembly comprising launch focusing optics to input the laser beam in the hollow fiber. The laser delivery assembly further includes exit focusing optics that demagnify an exit beam of laser light from the hollow fiber, thereby increasing the intensity of the laser beam and creating a spark. Other embodiments use a fiber laser to generate a spark. Embodiments of the present invention may be used to create a spark in an engine. Yet other embodiments include collecting light from the spark or a flame resulting from the spark and conveying the light for diagnostics. Methods of using the spark delivery systems and diagnostic systems are provided.

Yalin, Azer (Fort Collins, CO); Willson, Bryan (Fort Collins, CO); Defoort, Morgan (Fort Collins, CO); Joshi, Sachin (Fort Collins, CO); Reynolds, Adam (Fort Collins, CO)

2008-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

303

Indigestible fiber components as possible internal markers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INDIGESTIBLE FIBER COMPONENTS AS POSSIBLE INZERNAL MARKERS A Thesis by BERNARD FREDERICK JACOBS Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AQf University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August... 1975 Major Subject: Animal Nutrition INDIGESTIBLE FIBER COMPONENTS AS POSSIBLE INTERNAL MARKERS A Thesis by BERNARD FREDERICK JACOBS Approved as to style and content by: !, /, (Chairman of Committee) (Head of Depar ent) (Member) (Member...

Jacobs, Bernard Frederick

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Fiber optic probe for light scattering measurements  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention is comprised of a fiber optic probe and a method for using the probe for light scattering analyses of a sample. The probe includes a probe body with an inlet for admitting a sample into an interior sample chamber, a first optical fiber for transmitting light from a source into the chamber, and a second optical fiber for transmitting light to a detector such as a spectrophotometer. The interior surface of the probe carries a coating that substantially prevents non-scattered light from reaching the second fiber. The probe is placed in a region where the presence and concentration of an analyte of interest are to be detected, and a sample is admitted into the chamber. Exciting light is transmitted into the sample chamber by the first fiber, where the light interacts with the sample to produce Raman-scattered light. At least some of the Raman- scattered light is received by the second fiber and transmitted to the detector for analysis. Two Raman spectra are measured, at different pressures. The first spectrum is subtracted from the second to remove background effects, and the resulting sample Raman spectrum is compared to a set of stored library spectra to determine the presence and concentration of the analyte.

Nave, S.E.; Livingston, R.R.; Prather, W.S.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Fiber optic probe for light scattering measurements  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fiber optic probe and a method for using the probe for light scattering analyses of a sample. The probe includes a probe body with an inlet for admitting a sample into an interior sample chamber, a first optical fiber for transmitting light from a source into the chamber, and a second optical fiber for transmitting light to a detector such as a spectrophotometer. The interior surface of the probe carries a coating that substantially prevents non-scattered light from reaching the second fiber. The probe is placed in a region where the presence and concentration of an analyte of interest are to be detected, and a sample is admitted into the chamber. Exciting light is transmitted into the sample chamber by the first fiber, where the light interacts with the sample to produce Raman-scattered light. At least some of the Raman-scattered light is received by the second fiber and transmitted to the detector for analysis. Two Raman spectra are measured, at different pressures. The first spectrum is subtracted from the second to remove background effects, and the resulting sample Raman spectrum is compared to a set of stored library spectra to determine the presence and concentration of the analyte.

Nave, Stanley E. (Evans, GA); Livingston, Ronald R. (Aiken, SC); Prather, William S. (Augusta, GA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Complete Fiber/Copper Cable Solution for Long-Term Temperature and Pressure  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Complete Fiber/Copper Cable Solution for Long-Term Temperature and Pressure Complete Fiber/Copper Cable Solution for Long-Term Temperature and Pressure Measurement in Supercritical Reservoirs and EGS Wells Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title Complete Fiber/Copper Cable Solution for Long-Term Temperature and Pressure Measurement in Supercritical Reservoirs and EGS Wells Project Type / Topic 1 Recovery Act: Enhanced Geothermal Systems Component Research and Development/Analysis Project Type / Topic 2 High-Temperature Downhole Tools Project Description Draka has engaged top academic, national laboratory and industry research scientists to develop the myriad of technical advances required - from glass chemistry to encapsulation metallurgy. Draka will develop the required advances in buffer tubing, cladding, wire insulation materials and cable packaging as well as coordinate activities of other participants. Draka Communications will develop the required advances in glass chemistry, fiber coatings and fiber drawing technologies. AltaRock Energy, Inc., a renewable energy company focused on research & development, will provide well field services and EGS wells for long-term testing and validation of the cable at Geysers, California. Tetramer has been engaged for the required advances in candidate materials for fiber coating and encapsulation technologies. Sandia will provide laboratory testing and validation of Draka's fiber solutions at elevated temperatures, pressures and hydrogen levels. Permatools (a Sandia EGS spin-off) will provide EGS tools to validate the finished cable design and will also coordinate in-well testing. Permatools (a Sandia EGS spin-off) will provide EGS tools to validate the finished cable design and will also coordinate in-well testing.

307

THE INFLUENCE OF NEUTRON-IRRADIATION AT LOW TEMPERATURES ON THE DIELECTRIC PARAMETERS OF 3C-SiC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

3C-SiC wafers were irradiated with neutrons of various fluences and at low (200 - 400 ?C) irradiation temperatures. Fourier Transform infrared (FTIR) reflectance spectra were obtained for the samples, and the spectra used to extract the dielectric parameters for each specimen, using statistical curve-fitting procedures. Analysis of all data revealed trends in reflectance peak heights as well as in the dielectric parameters. The surface roughness of the irradiated samples was measured by atomic force spectroscopy (AFM) and certain trends could be ascribed to surface roughness.

J.A.A. Engelbrecht; G. Deyzel; E. Minnaar; W.E. Goosen; I. J. van Rooyen

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

The effect of irregular fiber distribution and error in assumed transverse fiber CTE on thermally induced fiber/matrix interfacial stresses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thermally induced interfacial stress states between fiber and matrix at cryogenic temperature were studied using three-dimensional finite element based micromechanics. Mismatch of the coefficient of thermal expansion between fiber and matrix...

Zu, Seung-Don

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

309

Optical fibers go nano The manufacture of nanowires from optical fibers provides the longest, most uniform  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optical fibers go nano The manufacture of nanowires from optical fibers provides the longest, most uniform and robust nanowires. Most important, the low optical loss associated to small surface roughness and high homogeneity allows the use of nanowires for optical applications and opens the way to a host

310

Data:047af524-6763-42fe-8762-3c91b426c727 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

24-6763-42fe-8762-3c91b426c727 24-6763-42fe-8762-3c91b426c727 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: PUD No 1 of Grays Harbor Cnty Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: SECOND RESIDENTIAL SERVICE RATE SCHEDULE 12E Sector: Residential Description: This schedule is available in all territory served by the District, for a second electric service to a single parcel of land which is primarily classified as a single-family residence. The second service will be fed from the same transformer that serves the primary residence. Examples include: services to garages, workshops and to domestic water wells under five horsepower serving a single parcel of land. The service shall not be used to serve buildings that are used as a commercial business, under a landlord agreement, as a separate residence on the same property, or to serve water wells that serve more than one parcel of land.

311

Data:2144b30d-9241-4396-b86a-3c8652781070 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

0d-9241-4396-b86a-3c8652781070 0d-9241-4396-b86a-3c8652781070 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Eastern Illinois Elec Coop Effective date: 2013/04/15 End date if known: Rate name: (RATE SCHEDULE 8: ELECTRIC HEAT)OPTIONAL SERVICE - THREE-PHASE Sector: Commercial Description: This rate schedule is available upon application to any member/owner who has permanently installed facilities using electricity either as the primary source of energy for space and water heating, or as electric resistance, low-temperature grain drying and for all other uses, including lighting and power, subject to the established rules and regulations of the Cooperative. A premises may qualify for this rate if the electric heating system is used for over 75 percent of the heating load at the premises. This rate is applicable to loads requiring 225 kVA or less of transformer capacity. Three-phase service requiring more than 225 kVA of transformer capacity shall be provided under the Cooperative's Rate Schedule for Large Power Service. The Cooperative shall be the sole and final authority in determining applicability of this rate to an account. The availability of this rate is extended to all member/owners previously served under Rate Schedule 6.

312

Data:77230dd5-1537-4479-b746-9d40b3c36611 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

dd5-1537-4479-b746-9d40b3c36611 dd5-1537-4479-b746-9d40b3c36611 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Village of Sauk City, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2008/08/18 End date if known: Rate name: Gs-2 General Service Three Phase Optional Time-of-Day with Parallel Generation(20kW or less) Sector: Commercial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0756 per kilowatt-hour.

313

Data:1eea6481-1640-416f-9596-3c72483cb49e | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

eea6481-1640-416f-9596-3c72483cb49e eea6481-1640-416f-9596-3c72483cb49e No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Consumers Energy Co Effective date: 2012/06/08 End date if known: Rate name: GSD-Dynamic Pricing Pilot Sector: Commercial Description: The Dynamic Pricing Pilot is a voluntary pilot available at the discretion of the Company to Full Service Customers taking service under the Company's GSD tariff and whom have, or are selected to have, the required metering equipment and infrastructure installed. Customer eligibility to participate in this pilot is determined solely by the Company. The Company will furnish, install, maintain and own the required equipment at the customers' premises at the Company's expense for the

314

Activated carbon fibers and engineered forms from renewable resources  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of producing activated carbon fibers (ACFs) includes the steps of providing a natural carbonaceous precursor fiber material, blending the carbonaceous precursor material with a chemical activation agent to form chemical agent-impregnated precursor fibers, spinning the chemical agent-impregnated precursor material into fibers, and thermally treating the chemical agent-impregnated precursor fibers. The carbonaceous precursor material is both carbonized and activated to form ACFs in a single step. The method produces ACFs exclusive of a step to isolate an intermediate carbon fiber.

Baker, Frederick S

2013-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

315

Concentric core optical fiber with multiple-mode signal transmission  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A concentric core optical fiber provides for the simultaneous but independent transmission of signals over a single optical fiber. The concentric optical fiber is constructed of a single-mode or multimode inner optical fiber defined by a core and a cladding of a lower index of refraction than the core and an outer optical fiber defined by additional cladding concentrically disposed around the cladding and of an index of refraction lower than the first mentioned cladding whereby the latter functions as the core of the outer optical fiber. By employing such an optical fiber construction with a single-mode inner core or optical fiber, highly sensitive interferometric and stable less sensitive amplitude based sensors can be placed along the same length of a concentric core optical fiber. Also, by employing the concentric core optical fiber secure telecommunications can be achieved via the inner optical fiber since an intrusion of the concentric optical fiber will first cause a variation in the light being transmitted through the outer optical fiber and this variation of light being used to trigger a suitable alarm indicative of the intrusion.

Muhs, Jeffrey D. (Lenoir City, TN)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

AN ENERGY-CONSERVING, PARTICLE-DOMINATED, TIME-DEPENDENT MODEL OF 3C 58 AND ITS OBSERVABILITY AT HIGH ENERGIES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a time-dependent spectral model of the nebula 3C 58 and compare it with available data. The model is for a leptonic nebula in which particles are subject to synchrotron, inverse Compton, self-synchrotron Compton, adiabatic, and bremsstrahlung processes. We find that 3C 58 is compatible with being a particle-dominated nebula, with a magnetic field of 35 {mu}G. A broken power-law injection fits well the multi-frequency data, with a break energy at about 40 GeV. We find that 3C 58 is not expected to appear in VERITAS or MAGIC II, unless the local IR background is a factor of {approx}20 off Galactic models' averages. For cases in which the cosmic microwave background dominates the inverse Compton contribution, we find that 3C 58 will not be visible either for the Cherenkov Telescope Array.

Torres, Diego F.; Martin Rodriguez, Jonatan [Institute of Space Sciences (IEEC-CSIC), Campus UAB, Torre C5, 2a planta, E-08193 Barcelona (Spain); Cillis, Analia N. [Instituto de Astronomia y Fisica del Espacio, Casilla de Correo 67-Suc. 28 (C1428ZAA), Buenos Aires (Argentina)

2013-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

317

The Sequence of Events that led to the 1963 Publications in "Nature" of 3C273, the first Quasar and the first Extragalactic Radio Jet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We are undertaking a detailed investigation, based on the available evidence, of the sequence of events that led to the historical discovery of the first Quasar 3C273.

Hazard, Cyril; Goss, W M; Herald, David

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Fiber Delivery of mid-IR lasers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fiber optics for the visible to near infrared (NIR) wavelength regimes (i.e. = 0.42 {mu}m) have proven to be extremely useful for a myriad of applications such as telecommunications, illumination, and sensors because they enable convenient, compact, and remote delivery of laser beams. Similarly, there is a need for fiber optics operating at longer wavelengths. For example, systems operating in the mid-IR regime (i.e., = 314 {mu}m) are being developed to detect trace molecular species with far-reaching applications, such as detecting explosives on surfaces, pollutants in the environment, and biomarkers in the breath of a patient. Furthermore, with the increasing availability of quantum cascade lasers (QCLs) which are semiconductor lasers that operate in the mid-IR regime additional uses are rapidly being developed. Here, we describe the development of hollow-core fibers for delivery of high-quality mid-IR laser beams across a broad spectral range.

Kriesel, J.M.; Gat, N.; Bernacki, Bruce E.; Myers, Tanya L.; Bledt, Carlos M.; Harrington, James P.

2011-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

319

Hot Springs-Garrison Fiber Optic Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) is proposing to upgrade its operational telecommunications system between the Hot Springs Substation and the Garrison Substation using a fiber optic system. The project would primarily involve installing 190 kilometers (120 miles) of fiber optic cable on existing transmission structures and installing new fiber optic equipment in BPA`s substation yards and control houses. BPA prepared an environmental assessment (EA) evaluating the proposed action. This EA was published in October 1994. The EA identifies a number of minor impacts that might occur as a result of the proposed action, as well as some recommended mitigation measures. This Mitigation Action Plan (MAP) identifies specific measures to avoid, minimize, or compensate for impacts identified in the EA.

Not Available

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Carbon Fiber Damage in Particle Beam  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Carbon fibers are commonly used as moving targets in beam wire scanners. The heating of the fiber due to energy loss of the particles travelling through is simulated with Geant4. The heating induced by the beam electromagnetic field is estimated with ANSYS. The heat transfer and sublimation processes are modelled. Due to the model nonlinearity, a numerical approach based on discretization of the wire movement is used to solve it for particular beams. Radiation damage to the fiber is estimated with SRIM. The model is tested with available SPS and LEP data and a dedicated damage test on the SPS beam is performed followed by a post-mortem analysis of the wire remnants. Predictions for the LHC beams are made.

Dehning, B; Kroyer, T; Meyer, M; Sapinski, M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Extraction of hemicelluloses from fiberized spruce wood  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A novel mechanical pre-treatment method was used to separate the wood chips into fiber bundles in order to extract high molecular weight wood polymers. The mechanical pre-treatment involved chip compression in a conical plug-screw followed by defibration in a fiberizer. The fiberized wood was treated with hot water at various combinations of time and temperature in order to analyze the extraction yield of hemicelluloses at different conditions. Nearly 6mg/g wood of galactoglucomannan was obtained at 90C/120min which was about three times more than what could be extracted from wood chips. The extracted carbohydrates had molecular weight ranging up to 60kDa. About 10% of each of the extracted material had a molecular weight above 30kDa. The extraction liquor could also be reused for consecutive extractions with successive increase in the extraction yield of hemicelluloses.

Shoaib Azhar; Gunnar Henriksson; Hans Theliander; Mikael E. Lindstrm

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Interlayer toughening of fiber composite flywheel rotors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An interlayer toughening mechanism to mitigate the growth of damage in fiber composite flywheel rotors for long application. The interlayer toughening mechanism may comprise one or more tough layers composed of high-elongation fibers, high-strength fibers arranged in a woven pattern at a range from 0.degree. to 90.degree. to the rotor axis and bound by a ductile matrix material which adheres to and is compatible with the materials used for the bulk of the rotor. The number and spacing of the tough interlayers is a function of the design requirements and expected lifetime of the rotor. The mechanism has particular application in uninterruptable power supplies, electrical power grid reservoirs, and compulsators for electric guns, as well as electromechanical batteries for vehicles.

Groves, Scott E. (Brentwood, CA); Deteresa, Steven J. (Livermore, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Cost and Performance Baseline for Fossil Energy Plants; Volume 3c: Natural Gas Combined Cycle at Elevation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Baseline for Fossil Energy Plants Volume 3c: Natural Gas Combined Cycle at Elevation March 2011 DOE/NETL-2010/1396 Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States

324

Development of Fiber Bragg Grating Strain, Thermal, and Magnetic Sensors for Smart Structure Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fiber Bragg gratings, Troutdale, OR, USA, 1996, pp. 24-in AD072 fibercore fiber, Troutdale, OR, USA, 1998, pp. 79-

Emmons, Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Optimal Design Refrigeration System for a Mucilage Glue Fiber Factory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In a mucilage glue fiber factory, the design of the refrigeration system takes into account the characteristics of mucilage glue fiber production and fully uses the refrigeration compressor heat to economize energy and reduce the production cost...

Tan, C.; Liu, J.; Tang, F.; Liu, Y.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Low Cost Carbon Fiber Overview | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Low Cost Carbon Fiber Overview Low Cost Carbon Fiber Overview 2010 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen Programs Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, June 7-11, 2010...

327

Genetically engineered phage fibers and coatings for antibacterial applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multifunctionality can be imparted to protein-based fibers and coatings via either synthetic or biological approaches. Here, we demonstrate potent antimicrobial functionality of genetically engineered, phage-based fibers ...

Mao, Joan Y

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Indentation experiments on silica optical fibers Bochien Lin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fibers, the intrinsic strength seems close to "perfect" 1 Currently, the standard subcritical crack water, fibers exhibit a lower value of n at low applied stress/long time to failure which shows

Matthewson, M. John

329

Natural fiber reinforced aerated concrete : an experimental investigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this study is to compare existing research with aerated concrete and fiber reinforcement to original experiments completed investigating the benefits of adding natural fiber tensile reinforcement to aerated ...

Garbis, Leonidia Maria

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Photosensitivity of optical fibers with extremely high germanium concentration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Writing and thermal annealing of fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) in an optical fiber containing 75 mol.% GeO2 in the core have been studied by analyzing the first three...

Medvedkov, Oleg I; Vasiliev, Sergei A; Gnusin, Pavel I; Dianov, Evgeny M

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Graphene-clad tapered fiber: effective nonlinearity and propagation losses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We derive a pulse propagation equation for a graphene-clad optical fiber, treating the optical response of the graphene and nonlinearity of the dielectric fiber core as perturbations...

Gorbach, A V; Marini, A; Skryabin, D V

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Wood-Fiber/High-Density-Polyethylene Composites: Compounding Process  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wood-Fiber/High-Density-Polyethylene Composites: Compounding Process J. Z. Lu,1 Q. Wu,1 I. I parameters for the wood-fiber/high-density-polyethylene blends at 60 rpm were a temperature of 180°C

333

Microsoft Word - LSN_FiberInstall_CX.docx  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

- TEP-TPP-4 Proposed Action: Lightspeed Network's Fiber Installation near Pilot Butte Substation Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.7 Fiber...

334

Atmospheric plasma advantages for mohair fibers in textile applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, mohair fibers were treated by air and argon plasma for modifying some properties of fibers. The ... SEM images. The results showed that the atmospheric plasma has an etching effect and increases th...

Asl Demir

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Enriched arabinoxylan in corn fiber for value-added products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A two-step process is evaluated to separate the hexose component in wet milling corn fibers from the pentose component for production of value-added products. Corn fibers were first pretreated with hot water ... ...

Bin Wang; Biao Cheng; Hao Feng

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Intrinsic Fabry-Perot optical fiber sensors and their multiplexing  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An intrinsic Fabry-Perot optical sensor includes a thin film sandwiched between two fiber ends. When light is launched into the fiber, two reflections are generated at the two fiber/thin film interfaces due to a difference in refractive indices between the fibers and the film, giving rise to the sensor output. In another embodiment, a portion of the cladding of a fiber is removed, creating two parallel surfaces. Part of the evanescent fields of light propagating in the fiber is reflected at each of the surfaces, giving rise to the sensor output. In a third embodiment, the refractive index of a small portion of a fiber is changed through exposure to a laser beam or other radiation. Interference between reflections at the ends of the small portion give rise to the sensor output. Multiple sensors along a single fiber are multiplexed using an optical time domain reflectometry method.

Wang, Anbo (Blacksburg, VA)

2007-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

337

SABIC's Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Material used to Produce the...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

SABIC's Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Material used to Produce the World's First 3D-Printed Vehicle at IMTS 2014 SABIC's Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Material used to Produce the World's...

338

Fatigue Enhancement of a Carbon Fiber Reinforced Nanocomposite  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The primary objective of the present investigation is to study the fatigue characteristics of a woven carbon fiber reinforced polymer which has been modified with either amine or fluorine functionalized carbon nanotubes on the fiber-matrix interface...

Wilkerson, Justin W.

2008-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

339

Graphene passively Q-switched two-micron fiber lasers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We demonstrate a passively Q-switched thulium fiber laser, using a graphene-based saturable absorber. The laser is based on an all-fiber ring cavity and produces ~2.3?s pulses at...

Wang, Fengqiu; Torrisi, Felice; Jiang, Zhe; Popa, Daniel; Hasan, Tawfique; Sun, Zhipei; Cho, Wonbae; Ferrari, Andrea C

340

Femtosecond accumulated photon echo in Er-doped fibers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report the observation of accumulated photon echo in Er-doped fibers. We also demonstrate time reversal and autoconvolution of femtosecond pulses, which suggest that Er-doped fibers...

da Silva, V L; Silberberg, Y; Heritage, J P; Chase, E W; Saifi, M A; Andrejco, M J

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Vibration-insensitive fiber-optic current sensor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The measurement of the electric current with an optical fiber sensor can be made insensitive to external vibrations that act on the leading fiber by using a circuit involving a...

Pistoni, Natale C; Martinelli, Mario

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Triangularly phase-modulated optical fiber ring resonator sensor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An optical fiber ring resonatory sensor system has been demonstrated by applying a triangular phase modulation signal to a fiber loop. The dynamic range for detection of optical phase...

Chien, Pie-Yau; Pan, Ci-Ling

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Implementation of a fiber-optic delay-line memory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The construction and operation of a 50-MHz 64 16 bit fiber-optic bit-serial delay-line memory is described. It consists of LiNbO3 directional coupler switches, fused-fiber...

Soukup, T J; Feuerstein, R J; Heuring, V P

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

3C.PDF  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

76 76 E. Aircraft Acquisition 1. Introduction In our November 1994 report entitled, "Audit of Department of Energy International Charter Flights," we reported that the Department had not established a systematic and cost- effective process to acquire international air services. We suggested that the Department establish written policy and procedures for acquiring international air service including clarification of the responsibilities for all interested parties. We stated that the written policy and procedures should clarify the responsibilities of the Office of Human Resources and Administration, Headquarters Procurement, and Office of Aviation Policy. In addition, in a December 20, 1994, memorandum to the Deputy Secretary we concluded that the

345

Manufacture of thermoelectric generator structures by fiber drawing  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods of manufacturing a thermoelectric generator via fiber drawing and corresponding or associated thermoelectric generator devices are provided.

McIntyre, Timothy J; Simpson, John T; West, David L

2014-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

346

High Neutron Fluence Survivability Testing of Advanced Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The motivation for the reported research was to support NASA space nuclear power initiatives through the development of advanced fiber optic sensors for space-based nuclear power applications. The purpose of the high-neutron fluence testing was to demonstrate the survivability of fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensors in a fission reactor environment. 520 FBGs were installed in the Ford reactor at the University of Michigan. The reactor was operated for 1012 effective full power hours resulting in a maximum neutron fluence of approximately 5x1019 n/cm2, and a maximum gamma dose of 2x103 MGy gamma. This work is significant in that, to the knowledge of the authors, the exposure levels obtained are approximately 1000 times higher than for any previously published experiment. Four different fiber compositions were evaluated. An 87% survival rate was observed for fiber Bragg gratings located at the fuel centerline. Optical Frequency Domain Reflectometry (OFDR), originally developed at the NASA Langley Research Center, can be used to interrogate several thousand low-reflectivity FBG strain and/or temperature sensors along a single optical fiber. A key advantage of the OFDR sensor technology for space nuclear power is the extremely low mass of the sensor, which consists of only a silica fiber 125{mu}m in diameter. The sensors produced using this technology will fill applications in nuclear power for current reactor plants, emerging Generation-IV reactors, and for space nuclear power. The reported research was conducted by Luna Innovations and was funded through a Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) contract with the NASA Glenn Research Center.

Fielder, Robert S.; Klemer, Daniel; Stinson-Bagby, Kelly L. [Luna Innovations, Inc., 2851 Commerce Street, Blacksburg, VA 24060 (United States)

2004-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

347

Photonic crystal fiber interferometer composed of a long period fiber grating and one point collapsing of air holes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present an all-fiber interferometer fabricated with a single piece of an endless single-mode photonic crystal fiber (PCF) by an electric arc discharge. By forming a long period...

Choi, Hae Young; Park, Kwan Seob; Lee, Byeong Ha

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Fabrication of ultrafine carbon fibers possessing a nanoporous structure from electrospun polyvinyl alcohol fibers containing silica nanoparticles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ultrafine carbon fibers with a nanoporous structure were fabricated by the template method using silica nanoparticles (NPs) embedded in fibers of approximate diameter 500 nm, electrospun from an aqueous solution of polyvinyl alcohol, CoCl2, ...

Koichi Sawada, Shinji Sakai, Masahito Taya

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

HANSEN SOLUBILITY PARAMETERS FOR A CARBON FIBER/EPOXY COMPOSITE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HANSEN SOLUBILITY PARAMETERS FOR A CARBON FIBER/EPOXY COMPOSITE Hélène Launay* , Charles Medom demonstrated as appropriate for the study of interactions between the materials in composite carbon fiber. INTRODUCTION Fiber-reinforced composites are used in a wide range of applications where high stiffness

350

TRANSGENIC COTTON WITH IMPROVED FIBER MICRONAIRE, STRENGTH, AND LENGTH AND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

483 TRANSGENIC COTTON WITH IMPROVED FIBER MICRONAIRE, STRENGTH, AND LENGTH AND INCREASED FIBER. Keating, N. G. Srinivas, C. Wu and A. S. Holaday Texas Tech University Lubbock, TX G. J. Jividen Cotton Incorporated Raleigh, NC Abstract We set out to use genetic engineering to make cotton crop yield and fiber

Strauss, Richard E.

351

ON THE GAGE FACTOR FOR OPTICAL FIBER GRATING STRAIN GAGES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of grating and fiber types. KEY WORDS: Fiber-Optic Gratings, Fiber-Optic Sensors, Strain Gage Factor 1 theoretical background. Then, in Section 3, we discuss measurement methods followed by the experimental tests and results in Section 4, before concluding in Section 5. 2. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND Consider an FBG fabricated

Park, Yong-Lae

352

CURE MONITORING AND SHM OF CARBON FIBER REINFORCED POLYMER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CURE MONITORING AND SHM OF CARBON FIBER REINFORCED POLYMER PART I : IMPEDANCE ANALYSIS-performance composite materials based on carbon fiber are increasingly used in critical security areas (aeronautics contains a conductor part (carbon fiber) and an insulator part (resin), a model of electrical conduction

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

353

Hybrid carbon fiber composite lattice truss structures T. George a,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hybrid carbon fiber composite lattice truss structures T. George a, , V.S. Deshpande b , H June 2014 Accepted 14 June 2014 Available online 22 June 2014 Keywords: A. Carbon fiber A. Polymer­matrix composites (PMCs) D. Mechanical testing a b s t r a c t Carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) composite

Wadley, Haydn

354

Polymer Communication Fibers from polypropylene/nano carbon ber composites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Polymer Communication Fibers from polypropylene/nano carbon ®ber composites Satish Kumara,*, Harit Doshia , Mohan Srinivasaraoa , Jung O. Parka , David A. Schiraldib a School of Textile and Fiber in revised form 26 October 2001; accepted 31 October 2001 Abstract Fibers from polypropylene

Srinivasarao, Mohan

355

Fiber optic hydrophone sensor arrays using low reflectance internal mirrors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new design of fiber optic hydrophone sensor arrays phics. using low reflectance internal mirrors in optical fibers is investigated. The mirrors are produced by fusion arc splicing of two fibers, one of which has a thin film of TiO2 on the end. A...

Lee, Jong-Seo

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

356

STABILITY PROPERTIES OF LIGHT PROPAGATING IN FIBER OPTICS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STABILITY PROPERTIES OF LIGHT PROPAGATING IN FIBER OPTICS ST´EPHANE LAFORTUNE Summary The study is crucial in applications such as lasers and optical fibers. In this proposal I will focus on a model of fiber optics: the Manakov system. This system consists of two differential equations, that is two

Kasman, Alex

357

A study of micro fiber dispersion using digital image analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of this dissertation is to investigate the use of texture analysis as a tool to micro fiber dispersion measurement. Micro fiber dispersion can be found in many applications such as in paper and industry powder engineering. Three cases related to micro fiber...

Hendrarsakti, Jooned

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

358

Method for the continuous processing of hermetic fiber optic components and the resultant fiber optic-to-metal components  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Hermetic fiber optic-to-metal components and method for making hermetic fiber optic-to-metal components by assembling and fixturing elements comprising a metal shell, a glass preform, and a metal-coated fiber optic into desired relative positions and then sealing said fixtured elements preferably using a continuous heating process. The resultant hermetic fiber optic-to-metal components exhibit high hermeticity and durability despite the large differences in thermal coefficients of expansion among the various elements.

Kramer, Daniel P. (Centerville, OH)

1994-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

359

Analysis of White Matter Fiber Tracts via Fiber Clustering and Parametrization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

coefficient" (ADC, trace of tensor) and the "fractional anisotropy" (FA, normalized elongation). Previous], scientific visualization [2] and fiber tracking [3,4,5,6,7,8]. Atlas building and comparison of subject

360

Germania-Based Core Optical Fibers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Germania-glass-based core silica glass cladding single-mode fibers (Delta n up to 0.143) with a minimum loss of 20 dB/km at 1.9 m were fabricated by the modified chemical vapor...

Dianov, Evgeny M; Mashinsky, Valery M

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Glass fiber channels laser light to robot  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Glass fiber channels laser light to robot ... In a demonstration of the technique, a fiberoptic cable carried a laser beam of more than 10,000 W of peak power400 W averagefrom a neodymiumyttrium- aluminum-garnet laser to an industrial robot more than 25 yards away. ...

1983-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

362

Dietary Fiber-mediated Mechanisms in Carcinogenesis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...decreased availability of total dietary energy. Introduction The protective role of dietary...epithelial-cell renewal. Many pep- tide hormones have been shown to have trophic...colon. Dietary fiber may act to decrease energy availability (59) or act through some...

David M. Klurfeld

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Ribbon Fiber Laser-Theory and Experiment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A scalable fiber laser approach is described based on phase-locking multiple gain cores in an antiguided structure. The waveguide is comprised of periodic sequences of gain- and no-gain-loaded segments having uniform index, within the cladding region. Initial experimental results are presented.

Beach, R J; Feit, M D; Brasure, L D; Payne, S A

2002-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

364

Fiber type, meal frequency and colonic cytokinetics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effects of dietary fiber type (cellulose, pectin or oat bran) and meal frequency (gorge or nibble) on colonic short chain fatty acids (SCFAs), in vivo colonic pH and epithelial cell proliferation were examined in male Sprague-Dawley rats...

Zhang, Jianhu

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Differential in vitro cellular response induced by exposure to synthetic vitreous fibers (SVFs) and asbestos crocidolite fibers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Differential in vitro cellular response induced by exposure to synthetic vitreous fibers (SVFs the effects of synthetic vitreous fibers (SVFs) on a mesothelial (MeT5A) and a fibroblast cell line (NIH3T3 crocidolite asbestos fibers, SVFs did not induce a significant increase in DNA synthesis. © 2005 Elsevier Inc

Ahmad, Sajjad

366

Long glass fiber orientation in thermoplastic composites using a model that accounts for the flexibility of the fibers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Long glass fiber orientation in thermoplastic composites using a model that accounts Mechanical properties of long glass fiber composites, used in various industrial applications, are dependant are explored to predict the orientation of long glass fibers in the concentrated regime that take the flexible

Wapperom, Peter

367

Fatigue damage behaviors of carbon fiber-reinforced epoxy composites containing nanoclay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effects of nanoclay inclusion on cyclic fatigue behavior and residual properties of carbon fiber-reinforced composites (CFRPs) after fatigue have been studied. The tensiontension cyclic fatigue tests are conducted at various load levels to establish the S-N curve. The residual strength and modulus are measured at different stages of fatigue cycles. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and scanning acoustic microscopy (SAM) are employed to characterize the underlying fatigue damage mechanisms and progressive damage growth. The incorporation of nanoclay into CFRP composites not only improves the mechanical properties of the composite in static loading, but also the fatigue life for a given cyclic load level and the residual mechanical properties after a given period of cyclic fatigue. The corresponding fatigue damage area is significantly reduced due to nanoclay. Nanoclay serves to suppress and delay delamination damage growth and eventual failure by improving the fiber/matrix interfacial bond and through the formation of nanoclay-induced dimples.

Shafi Ullah Khan; Arshad Munir; Rizwan Hussain; Jang-Kyo Kim

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Single-mode fiber, velocity interferometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we describe a velocity interferometer system based entirely on single-mode fiber optics. This paper includes a description of principles used in developing the single-mode velocity interferometry system (SMV). The SMV design is based on polarization-insensitive components. Polarization adjusters are included to eliminate the effects of residual birefringence and polarization dependent losses in the interferometers. Characterization measurements and calibration methods needed for data analysis and a method of data analysis are described. Calibration is performed directly using tunable lasers. During development, we demonstrated its operation using exploding-foil bridge-wire fliers up to 200 m/s. In a final test, we demonstrated the SMV in a gas gun experiment up to 1.2 km/sec. As a basis for comparison in the gas gun experiment, we used another velocimetry technique that is also based on single-mode fiber optics: photonic Doppler velocimetry (PDV). For the gas gun experiment, we split the light returned from a single target spot and performed a direct comparison of the homodyne (SMV) and heterodyne (PDV) techniques concurrently. The two techniques had a negligible mean difference and a 1.5% standard deviation in the one-dimensional shock zone. Within one interferometer delay time after a sudden Doppler shift, a SMV unencumbered by multimode-fiber dispersion exhibits two color beats. These beats have the same period as PDV beats--this interference occurs between the ''recently'' shifted and ''formerly unshifted'' paths within the interferometer. We believe that recognizing this identity between homodyne and heterodyne beats is novel in the shock-physics field. SMV includes the conveniences of optical fiber, while removing the time resolution limitations associated with the multimode delivery fiber.

Krauter, K. G.; Jacobson, G. F.; Patterson, J. R.; Nguyen, J. H.; Ambrose, W. P. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Ave., Livermore California 94551 (United States)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

369

Carbon Fiber Production from a Kraft Hardwood Lignin  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lignin is a renewable resource material that is being evaluated for the low cost production of carbon fiber for automotive and other applications. Solvent extraction of a commercial hardwood lignin product yielded a purified lignin free of the contaminants typical of lignins derived from the Kraft chemical pulping of wood. The purified lignin was highly melt-spinnable into fibers, from which carbon fiber was subsequently produced. The lignin has been evaluated in terms of its rheological properties, fiber melt spinning ability, and potential for manufacture of low cost carbon fiber without the need for plasticizing agents or chemical modifications.

Baker, Darren A [ORNL; Gallego, Nidia C [ORNL; Baker, Frederick S [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Method of producing a hybrid matrix fiber composite  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Hybrid matrix fiber composites having enhanced compressive performance as well as enhanced stiffness, toughness and durability suitable for compression-critical applications. The methods for producing the fiber composites using matrix hybridization. The hybrid matrix fiber composites comprised of two chemically or physically bonded matrix materials, whereas the first matrix materials are used to impregnate multi-filament fibers formed into ribbons and the second matrix material is placed around and between the fiber ribbons that are impregnated with the first matrix material and both matrix materials are cured and solidified.

Deteresa, Steven J. (Livermore, CA); Lyon, Richard E. (Absecon, NJ); Groves, Scott E. (Brentwood, CA)

2006-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

371

MOLECULAR ENVIRONMENT AND THERMAL X-RAY SPECTROSCOPY OF THE SEMICIRCULAR YOUNG COMPOSITE SUPERNOVA REMNANT 3C 396  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have investigated the molecular environment of the semicircular composite supernova remnant (SNR) 3C 396 and performed a Chandra spatially resolved thermal X-ray spectroscopic study of this young SNR. With our CO millimeter observations, we find that the molecular clouds (MCs) at V{sub LSR}{approx} 84 km s{sup -1} can better explain the multiwavelength properties of the remnant than the V{sub LSR} = 67-72 km s{sup -1} MCs that are suggested by Lee et al. At around 84 km s{sup -1}, the western boundary of the SNR is perfectly confined by the western molecular wall. The CO emission fades out from west to east, indicating that the eastern region is of low gas density. In particular, an intruding finger/pillar-like MC, which may be shocked at the tip, can well explain the X-ray and radio enhancement in the southwest and some infrared filaments there. The SNR-MC interaction is also favored by the relatively elevated {sup 12}CO J = 2-1/J = 1-0 line ratios in the southwestern 'pillar tip' and the molecular patch on the northwestern boundary. The redshifted {sup 12}CO (J = 1-0 and J = 2-1) wings (86-90 km s{sup -1}) of an eastern 81 km s{sup -1} molecular patch may be the kinematic evidence for shock-MC interaction. We suggest that the 69 km s{sup -1} MCs are in the foreground based on H I self-absorption while the 84 km s{sup -1} MCs at a distance of 6.2 kpc (the tangent point) are in physical contact with SNR 3C 396. The X-ray spectral analysis suggests an SNR age of {approx}3 kyr. The metal enrichment of the X-ray emitting gas in the north and south implies a 13-15 M{sub sun} B1-B2 progenitor star.

Su Yang; Yang Ji; Lu Dengrong [Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008 (China); Yang Chen; Zhou Xin [Department of Astronomy, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Koo, Bon-Chul; Jeong, Il-Gyo [Astronomy Program, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-747 (Korea, Republic of); DeLaney, Tracey [Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 70 Vassar Street, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States)

2011-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

372

Lab Breakthrough: Better Fiber for Better Products | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Better Fiber for Better Products Better Fiber for Better Products Lab Breakthrough: Better Fiber for Better Products May 2, 2012 - 9:47am Addthis Researchers at Idaho National Laboratory have developed a cost-effective method for the continuous production of alpha silicon carbide fiber. The exceptionally strong, lightweight fiber could enable significant performance improvements in many everyday products. Michael Hess Michael Hess Former Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What could Alpha Silicon Carbide Fibers produce? Lighter and longer-lasting vehicle body structures that are 3 to 6 times stronger than those using steel. Utilities could deploy lighter, stronger power lines. Idaho National Laboratory researcher John Garnier recently took some time to explain how the carbon fibers he and George Griffith invented could

373

Elimination of ghosting artifacts from wavelength-shifting fiber neutron detectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Misassignment of neutron position (ghosting) produces artifacts which have been observed in wavelength-shifting (WLS) fiber detectors developed for time-of-flight (TOF) neutron powder diffraction. In position-sensitive detectors (PSDs) with WLS fiber encoding, thermal and cold neutrons interact with a monolithic {sup 6}LiF/ZnS:Ag scintillator screen, and scintillation photons are generated and transported through the crossed fibers to photomultipliers (PMTs). The neutron position is determined by photon counts in the PMTs within a preset time window. Ghosting occurs when neutrons hit the group boundaries of two neighboring PMTs for x-position multiplexing, which is modeled as resulting from a long travel length (about 3-5 mm) of a small number of scintillation photons. This model is supported by the change observed in aperture images when the threshold number for photon-pulses was adjusted for neutron event determination. When the threshold number of photon-pulses was set above 10 for each PMT, the ghost peaks in the aperture images and TOF spectra of powder diffraction were strongly suppressed or completely eliminated, and the intrinsic background levels of the WLS detectors were significantly reduced. Our result indicates that WLS fiber detector is a promising alternative for {sup 3}He PSDs for neutron scattering.

Wang, C. L.; Diawara, Y.; Hannan, B. W.; Hodges, J. P. [Instrument and Source Design Division, Neutron Sciences Directorate, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States); Clonts, L. G. [Research Accelerator Division, Neutron Sciences Directorate, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

374

Possible Proton Synchrotron Origin of X-Ray & Gamma Ray Emission in Large Scale Jet of 3C 273  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The large scale jet of quasar 3C 273 has been observed in radio to $\\gamma$ ray frequencies. Earlier the X-ray emission from knot A of this jet has been explained with inverse Compton scattering of the cosmic microwave background radiations by the shock accelerated relativistic electrons in the jet. More recently it has been shown that this mechanism overproduces the gamma ray flux at GeV energy and violates the observational results from Fermi LAT. We have considered the synchrotron emission from a broken power law spectrum of accelerated protons in the jet to explain the observed X-ray to $\\gamma$ ray flux from knot A. The two scenarios discussed in our work are (i) magnetic field is high, synchrotron energy loss time of the protons is shorter than their escape time from the knot region and the age of the jet (ii) their escape time is shorter than their synchrotron energy loss time and the age of the jet. These scenarios can explain the observed photon spectrum well for moderate values of Doppler factor. The required jet luminosity is high $\\sim 10^{46}$ erg/sec in the first scenario and moderate $\\sim 10^{45}$ erg/sec in the second, which makes the second scenario more favorable.

Esha Kundu; Nayantara Gupta

2014-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

375

Atomic reconstruction and electron states at interfaces between 3C-SiC(111) and Si(110)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report first-principles calculations that reveal atomic and electronic structures of interfaces consisting of Si(110) face and 3C-SiC (111) face in which the lattices match apparently but the atomic densities in both sides are different. We find two distinct interface structures in the total-energy difference of 45 meV per 2 for both the Si-Si interface and the Si-C interface: The interface of sparse Si(110) and dense SiC(111) exhibits bistability. We find that the stable and metastable structures are associated with vacant channels along a particular direction which are stabilized by the existence of over-coordinated atoms (floating bonds). We reveal that the coexistence of the floating bonds and the dangling bonds (under-coordinated atoms) and then the electron transfer from the dangling- to the floating bonds are the microscopic mechanism of the stabilization of the interface. We also find that atomic scale undulation mainly confined in the Si region also exists to stabilize the interface. The calculated interface energies show that the Si-Si interface is energetically favorable compared with the Si-C interface. Calculated energy bands exhibit semiconducting characteristics for all the stable and metastable interfaces.

Eric K. K. Abavare; Jun-Ichi Iwata; Atsushi Oshiyama

2013-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

376

FEM3C, An improved three-dimensional heavy-gas dispersion model: User`s manual  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

FEM3C is another upgraded version of FEM3 (a three-dimensional Finite Element Model), which was developed primarily for simulating the atmospheric dispersion of heavier-than-air gas (or heavy gas) releases, based on solving the fully three-dimensional, time-dependent conservation equations of mass, momentum, energy, and species of an inert gas or a pollutant in the form of vapor/droplets. A generalized anelastic approximation, together with the ideal gas law for the density of the gas/air mixture, is invoked to preclude sound waves and allow large density variations in both space and time. Thee numerical algorithm utilizes a modified Galerkin finite element method to discretize spatially the time-dependent conservation equations of mass, momentum, energy, and species. A consistent pressure Poisson equation is formed and solved separately from the time-dependent equations, which are sequentially solved and integrated in time via a modified forward Euler method. The model can handle instantaneous source, finite-duration, and continuous releases. Also, it is capable of treating terrain and obstructions. Besides a K-theory model using similarity functions, an advanced turbulence model based on solving the k - {var_epsilon} transport equations is available as well. Imbedded in the code are also options for solving the Boussinesq equations. In this report, an overview of the model is given, user`s guides for using the model are provided, and example problems are presented to illustrate the usage of the model.

Chan, S.T.

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

WHAT DO THREAT LEVELS AND RESPONSE LEVELS MEAN? THREAT LEVELS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WHAT DO THREAT LEVELS AND RESPONSE LEVELS MEAN? THREAT LEVELS: The UK Threat Level is decided by the Government's Joint Terrorism Analysis Centre (JTAC). It is the system to assess the threat to the UK from Threat Levels: Low - an attack is unlikely Moderate - an attack is possible, but not likely Substantial

Edinburgh, University of

378

Growing Crystaline Sapphire Fibers By Laser Heated Pedestal Techiques  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved system and process for growing crystal fibers comprising a means for creating a laser beam having a substantially constant intensity profile through its cross sectional area, means for directing the laser beam at a portion of solid feed material located within a fiber growth chamber to form molten feed material, means to support a seed fiber above the molten feed material, means to translate the seed fiber towards and away from the molten feed material so that the seed fiber can make contact with the molten feed material, fuse to the molten feed material and then be withdrawn away from the molten feed material whereby the molten feed material is drawn off in the form of a crystal fiber. The means for creating a laser beam having a substantially constant intensity profile through its cross sectional area includes transforming a previously generated laser beam having a conventional gaussian intensity profile through its cross sectional area into a laser beam having a substantially constant intensity profile through its cross sectional area by passing the previously generated laser beam through a graded reflectivity mirror. The means for directing the laser beam at a portion of solid feed material is configured to direct the laser beam at a target zone which contains the molten feed material and a portion of crystal fiber drawn off the molten feed material by the seed fiber. The means to support the seed fiber above the molten feed material is positioned at a predetermined height above the molten feed material. This predetermined height provides the seed fiber with sufficient length and sufficient resiliency so that surface tension in the molten feed material can move the seed fiber to the center of the molten feed material irrespective of where the seed fiber makes contact with the molten feed material. The internal atmosphere of the fiber growth chamber is composed substantially of Helium gas.

Phomsakha, Vongvilay (St. Petersburg, FL); Chang, Robert S. F. (Tampa, FL); Djeu, Nicholas I. (Tampa, FL)

1997-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

379

Low-Cost Fiber Optic Pressure Sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The size and cost of fabricating fiber optic pressure sensors is reduced by fabricating the membrane of the sensor in a non-planar shape. The design of the sensors may be made in such a way that the non-planar membrane becomes a part of an air-tight cavity, so as to make the membrane resilient due to the air-cushion effect of the air-tight cavity. Such non-planar membranes are easier to make and attach.

Sheem, Sang K. (Pleasanton, CA)

2003-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

380

Low-Cost Fiber Optic Pressure Sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The size and cost of fabricating fiber optic pressure sensors is reduced by fabricating the membrane of the sensor in a non-planar shape. The design of the sensors may be made in such a way that the non-planar membrane becomes a part of an air-tight cavity, so as to make the membrane resilient due to the air-cushion effect of the air-tight cavity. Such non-planar membranes are easier to make and attach.

Sheem, Sang K. (Pleasanton, CA)

2004-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Optical fiber sensors for smart materials characterization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Optical and optical fiber methods may be used to characterize materials and structures. Their advantages for such applications include their immunity to electromagnetic interference, high sensitivity, resolution and dynamic range, and ability to operate in harsh environmental conditions. This paper describes the application of such methods to the characterization of smart materials and structures during their fabrication, in-service lifetime, and damage and degradation.

Claus, R.O. [Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA (United States). Electrical Engineering Dept.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

382

Fiber Optics and Expanded Beam Termini  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and claddingcore and cladding Core: inner cylinder of doped glass (i.e. Ge); 9, 50, 62.5 m diameter Cladding: outer.5m / 62.5 m corem core Laser OptimizedLaser Optimized POFPOF ­­ Plastic Optical Fiber ·Cladding ­ 125 m ·Acrylate ­ 250 m ·PVC Buffer ­ 900 m ·Aramyd Yarn (Kevlar) ·Outer Jacket ­ 2, 3mm

La Rosa, Andres H.

383

CHANDRA X-RAY OBSERVATIONS OF THE REDSHIFT 1.53 RADIO-LOUD QUASAR 3C 270.1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Chandra X-ray observations of the high redshift (z = 1.532) radio-loud quasar 3C 270.1 in 2008 February show the nucleus to have a power-law spectrum, {Gamma} = 1.66 {+-} 0.08, typical of a radio-loud quasar, and a marginally detected Fe K{alpha} emission line. The data also reveal extended X-ray emission, about half of which is associated with the radio emission from this source. The southern emission is co-spatial with the radio lobe and peaks at the position of the double radio hot spot. Modeling this hot spot, including Spitzer upper limits, rules out synchrotron emission from a single power-law population of electrons, favoring inverse Compton emission with a field of {approx}11 nT, roughly a third of the equipartition value. The northern emission is concentrated close to the location of a 40 Degree-Sign bend where the radio jet is presumed to encounter an external medium. It can be explained by inverse Compton emission involving cosmic microwave background photons with a field of {approx}3 nT, a factor of 7-10 below the equipartition value. The remaining, more diffuse X-ray emission is harder (HR = -0.09 {+-} 0.22). With only 22.8 {+-} 5.6 counts, the spectral form cannot be constrained. Assuming thermal emission with a temperature of 4 keV yields an estimate for the luminosity of 1.8 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 44} erg s{sup -1}, consistent with the luminosity-temperature relation of lower-redshift clusters. However, deeper Chandra X-ray observations are required to delineate the spatial distribution and better constrain the spectrum of the diffuse emission to verify that we have detected X-ray emission from a high-redshift cluster.

Wilkes, Belinda J.; Lal, Dharam V.; Willner, S. P.; Ashby, M. L. N.; Fazio, G. G. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Worrall, D. M.; Birkinshaw, Mark [HH Wills Physics Laboratory, University of Bristol, Bristol (United Kingdom); Haas, Martin; Chini, Rolf [Astronomisches Institut, Ruhr-University, Bochum (Germany); Antonucci, Robert [Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 (United States); Avara, Mark [Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742-2421 (United States); Barthel, Peter [Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); Hardcastle, Martin [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield (United Kingdom); Lawrence, Charles [JPL, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States); Leipski, Christian [MPIA, Heidelberg (Germany); Ogle, Patrick [Spitzer Science Center, Caltech, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Schulz, Bernhard [IPAC, Caltech, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)

2012-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

384

BROADBAND JET EMISSION IN YOUNG AND POWERFUL RADIO SOURCES: THE CASE OF THE COMPACT STEEP SPECTRUM QUASAR 3C 186  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the X-ray analysis of a deep ({approx}200 ks) Chandra observation of the compact steep spectrum radio-loud quasar 3C 186 (z = 1.06) and investigate the contribution of the unresolved radio jet to the total X-ray emission. The spectral analysis is not conclusive on the origin of the bulk of the X-ray emission. In order to examine the jet contribution to the X-ray flux, we model the quasar spectral energy distribution, adopting several scenarios for the jet emission. For the values of the main physical parameters favored by the observables, a dominant role of the jet emission in the X-ray band is ruled out when a single-zone (leptonic) scenario is adopted, even including the contribution of the external photon fields as seed photons for inverse Compton emission. We then consider a structured jet, with the blazar component that-although not directly visible in the X-ray band-provides an intense field of seed synchrotron photons Compton-scattered by electrons in a mildly relativistic knot. In this case, the whole X-ray emission can be accounted for if we assume a blazar luminosity within the range observed from flat spectrum radio quasars. The X-ray radiative efficiency of such a (structured) jet is intimately related to the presence of a complex velocity structure. The jet emission can provide a significant contribution in X-rays if it decelerates within the host galaxy on kiloparsec scales. We discuss the implications of this model in terms of jet dynamics and interaction with the ambient medium.

Migliori, Giulia; Siemiginowska, Aneta [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Celotti, Annalisa, E-mail: migliori@cfa.harvard.edu [SISSA, Via Bonomea 265, I-34136 Trieste (Italy)

2012-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

385

DNA hydration studied by neutron fiber diffraction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development of neutron high angle fiber diffraction to investigate the location of water around the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) double-helix is described. The power of the technique is illustrated by its application to the D and A conformations of DNA using the single crystal diffractometer, D19, at the Institute Laue-Langevin, Grenoble and the time of flight diffractometer, SXD, at the Rutherford Appleton ISIS Spallation Neutron Source. These studies show the existence of bound water closely associated with the DNA. The patterns of hydration in these two DNA conformations are quite distinct and are compared to those observed in X-ray single crystal studies of two-stranded oligodeoxynucleotides. Information on the location of water around the DNA double-helix from the neutron fiber diffraction studies is combined with that on the location of alkali metal cations from complementary X-ray high angle fiber diffraction studies at the Daresbury Laboratory SRS using synchrotron radiation. These analyses emphasize the importance of viewing DNA, water and ions as a single system with specific interactions between the three components and provide a basis for understanding the effect of changes in the concentration of water and ions in inducing conformations] transitions in the DNA double-helix.

Fuller, W.; Forsyth, V.T.; Mahendrasingam, A.; Langan, P.; Pigram, W.J. [Keele Univ. (United Kingdom)] [and others

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

386

GNOSIS: THE FIRST INSTRUMENT TO USE FIBER BRAGG GRATINGS FOR OH SUPPRESSION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The near-infrared is an important part of the spectrum in astronomy, especially in cosmology because the light from objects in the early universe is redshifted to these wavelengths. However, deep near-infrared observations are extremely difficult to make from ground-based telescopes due to the bright background from the atmosphere. Nearly all of this background comes from the bright and narrow emission lines of atmospheric hydroxyl (OH) molecules. The atmospheric background cannot be easily removed from data because the brightness fluctuates unpredictably on short timescales. The sensitivity of ground-based optical astronomy far exceeds that of near-infrared astronomy because of this long-standing problem. GNOSIS is a prototype astrophotonic instrument that utilizes 'OH suppression fibers' consisting of fiber Bragg gratings and photonic lanterns to suppress the 103 brightest atmospheric emission doublets between 1.47 and 1.7 {mu}m. GNOSIS was commissioned at the 3.9 m Anglo-Australian Telescope with the IRIS2 spectrograph to demonstrate the potential of OH suppression fibers, but may be potentially used with any telescope and spectrograph combination. Unlike previous atmospheric suppression techniques GNOSIS suppresses the lines before dispersion and in a manner that depends purely on wavelength. We present the instrument design and report the results of laboratory and on-sky tests from commissioning. While these tests demonstrated high throughput ( Almost-Equal-To 60%) and excellent suppression of the skylines by the OH suppression fibers, surprisingly GNOSIS produced no significant reduction in the interline background and the sensitivity of GNOSIS+IRIS2 is about the same as IRIS2. It is unclear whether the lack of reduction in the interline background is due to physical sources or systematic errors as the observations are detector noise dominated. OH suppression fibers could potentially impact ground-based astronomy at the level of adaptive optics or greater. However, until a clear reduction in the interline background and the corresponding increasing in sensitivity is demonstrated optimized OH suppression fibers paired with a fiber-fed spectrograph will at least provide a real benefit at low resolving powers.

Trinh, Christopher Q.; Ellis, Simon C.; Bland-Hawthorn, Joss; Bryant, Julia; O'Byrne, John [Sydney Institute for Astronomy, School of Physics, The University of Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia); Lawrence, Jon S.; Horton, Anthony J.; Shortridge, Keith; Case, Scott; Colless, Matthew; Gers, Luke; Lee, Steve; Miziarski, Stan [Australian Astronomical Observatory, 105 Delhi Road, North Ryde, P.O. Box 915, NSW 1670 (Australia); Leon-Saval, Sergio G. [Institute of Photonics and Optical Science, School of Physics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia); Couch, Warrick; Glazebrook, Karl [Centre for Astrophysics and Supercomputing, Swinburne University of Technology, P.O. Box 218, Hawthorn, VIC 3122 (Australia); Freeman, Kenneth [Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Australian National University, Weston Creek, ACT 2611 (Australia); Loehmannsroeben, Hans-Gerd [innoFSPEC-Institut fuer Chemie/Physikalische Chemie, Universitaet Potsdam, Karl-Liebknecht-Strasse 24-25, D-14476 Potsdam-Golm (Germany); Haynes, Roger; Roth, Martin M., E-mail: c.trinh@physics.usyd.edu.au [innoFSPEC-Leibniz-Institut fuer Astrophysik Potsdam, An der Sternwarte 16, D-14482 Potsdam (Germany); and others

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

12/22/2000 State of Art Fiber Optic 1 UTILITY APPLICATION OF  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

12/22/2000 State of Art Fiber Optic 1 UTILITY APPLICATION OF FIBER OPTIC CABLES George G. Karady Fiber Optic 2 UTILITY APPLICATION OF FIBER OPTIC CABLES Utilities are installing fiber optic cables on high voltage transmission lines. Three basic designs employed are: · 1) OPGW (optical ground wire) · 2

388

Microsoft Word - Bell-BoundaryFiber_CX_2013  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Amanda Williams Amanda Williams Project Manager - TEP-TPP-3 Proposed Action: Bell-Boundary Fiber Project Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.7 - Fiber optic cable Location: Spokane and Pend Orielle counties, WA Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA is proposing to install new fiber optic line along 90 miles of existing BPA transmission lines in Spokane and Pend Orielle counties in Washington (see Figure 1). It would extend from Bell Substation in Spokane, WA to Boundary Substation 8 miles north of Metaline Falls, WA. The fiber would be strung on the Bell-Boundary No. 1 transmission line and run through Sacheen and Cusick substations along the route. BPA would install overhead fiber optic cable on existing towers or on fiber optic wood poles where

389

Spectrally tailored supercontinuum generation from single-mode-fiber amplifiers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spectral filtering of an all-normal-dispersion Yb-doped fiber laser was demonstrated effective for broadband supercontinuum generation in the picosecond time region. The picosecond pump pulses were tailored in spectrum with 1 nm band-pass filter installed between two single-mode fiber amplifiers. By tuning the spectral filter around 1028?nm, four-wave mixing was initiated in a photonic crystal fiber spliced with single-mode fiber, as manifested by the simultaneous generation of Stokes wave at 1076?nm and anti-Stokes wave at 984?nm. Four-wave mixing took place in cascade with the influence of stimulated Raman scattering and eventually extended the output spectrum more than 900?nm of 10?dB bandwidth. This technique allows smooth octave supercontinuum generation by using simple single-mode fiber amplifiers rather than complicated multistage large-mode-area fiber amplifiers.

Hao, Qiang; Guo, Zhengru; Zhang, Qingshan [Shanghai Key Laboratory of Modern Optical System, Engineering Research Center of Optical Instrument and System (Ministry of Education), School of Optical-Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, 516 Jungong Road, Shanghai 200093 (China); Liu, Yang; Li, Wenxue [State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy, East China Normal University, 3663 Zhongshan North Road, Shanghai 200062 (China); Zeng, Heping, E-mail: hpzeng@phy.ecnu.edu.cn [Shanghai Key Laboratory of Modern Optical System, Engineering Research Center of Optical Instrument and System (Ministry of Education), School of Optical-Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, 516 Jungong Road, Shanghai 200093 (China); State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy, East China Normal University, 3663 Zhongshan North Road, Shanghai 200062 (China)

2014-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

390

Soliton self-frequency shift in telecommunications fiber  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When subpicosecond solitons propagate in an optical fiber the soliton self-frequency shift occurs. We have made observations of this effect in standard telecommunication fiber, which show a strong departure from the predicted behavior. This difference is shown to be due to the residual birefringence in the standard fiber. Results are also presented on the power and length dependence and detailed comparisons with numerical simulations are made.

J. K. Lucek and K. J. Blow

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Faceted ceramic fibers, tapes or ribbons and epitaxial devices therefrom  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A crystalline article includes a single-crystal ceramic fiber, tape or ribbon. The fiber, tape or ribbon has at least one crystallographic facet along its length, which is generally at least one meter long. In the case of sapphire, the facets are R-plane, M-plane, C-plane or A-plane facets. Epitaxial articles, including superconducting articles, can be formed on the fiber, tape or ribbon.

Goyal, Amit

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

392

Faceted ceramic fibers, tapes or ribbons and epitaxial devices therefrom  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A crystalline article includes a single-crystal ceramic fiber, tape or ribbon. The fiber, tape or ribbon has at least one crystallographic facet along its length, which is generally at least one meter long. In the case of sapphire, the facets are R-plane, M-plane, C-plane or A-plane facets. Epitaxial articles, including superconducting articles, can be formed on the fiber, tape or ribbon.

Goyal, Amit (Knoxville, TN)

2012-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

393

High conversion efficiency ultraviolet fiber Raman oscillator--amplifier system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High efficiency UV frequency conversion by stimulated Raman scattering in a XeCl (lambda = 308-nm) excimer laser-pumped multimode fiber is presented. The system consists of a first piece of fiber as a Stokes generator and a second as a power amplifier. Power conversion efficiencies up to 80% have been measured. Uses of fiber Raman amplifiers in the near UV are also discussed.

Pini, R.; Salimbeni, R.; Vannini, M.; Haider, A.F.M.Y.; Lin, C.

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

BN Bonded BN fiber article and method of manufacture  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A boron nitride bonded boron nitride fiber article and the method for its manufacture which comprises forming a shaped article with a composition comprising a bonding compound selected from boron oxide and boric acid and a structural fiber selected from the group consisting of boron oxide, boron nitride and partially nitrided boron oxide fibers, heating the composition in an anhydrous gas to a temperature above the melting point of the compound and nitriding the resulting article in ammonia gas.

Hamilton, Robert S. (Youngstown, NY)

1981-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

395

Physics studies with ICARUS and a hybrid ionization and scintillation fiber detector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We discuss the physics possibilities for the ICARUS detector currently being tested at CERN. The physics potential goes from a massive proton decay detector to the study of solar neutrinos. In addition, the detection of {nu}{sub {mu}} {yields} {nu}{sub {tau}} and {nu}{sub e} {yields} {nu}{sub {tau}} will be possible with such a detector. One major topic involves the possibility of a complete determination of the MSW solar neutrino parameters with the ICARUS. The possibility of detecting WIMPS with a scintillating fiber liquid Argon (Ar) detector or fiber Xenon (Xe) detector doped with Ar is also described. Some comments on the measurement of the {sup 42}Ar level from an experiment at the Gran Sasso will be made.

Cline, D.B.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

396

Characterization of commercial fiber optic connectors - Preliminary report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several types of commercial fiber optic connectors were characterized for potential use in a Sandia designed Laser Diode Ignition (LDI) system. The characterization included optical performance while the connectors were subjected to the more dynamic environmental conditions experienced in weapons applications. The environmental testing included temperature cycling, random vibration, and mechanical shock. This report presents a performance assessment of the fiber optic connectors and fiber included in the characterization. The desirable design features are described for a fiber optic connector that must survive the dynamic environment of weapon systems. The more detailed performance of each connector type will be included as resources permit.

Andrews, Larry A.; Williams, Randy J.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Trillium FiberFuels Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Inc Place: Corvallis, Oregon Zip: 97333 Product: Oregon-based biochemical cellulosic ethanol technology developer. References: Trillium FiberFuels Inc1 This article is a stub....

398

Micromechanical Damage Models for Continuous Fiber Reinforced Composite Materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reinforced plastic matrix composite, Material and Design,1995). Failure of fiber composites: a lattice green functionreinforced titanium composites, Composites Science and

Wu, Yi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Mechanism of Type IIA Photosensitivity in Optical Fibers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Formation of the type IIA Bragg gratings in germanosilicate optical fibers is studied. A mechanism for the type IIA photosensitivity is proposed which is based on nucleation and...

Shlyagin, Mikhail; Kukushkin, Sergei

400

NASA's Composite Portfolio: Department of Energy Workshop Fiber...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA 's Composites Portfolio Department of Energy Workshop Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites Manufacturing Presented by: John Vickers January...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Studying Cellulose Fiber Structure by SEM, XRD, NMR and Acid...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Studying Cellulose Fiber Structure by SEM, XRD, NMR and Acid Hydrolysis. Abstract: Cotton linters were partially hydrolyzed in dilute acid and the morphology of remaining...

402

Carbon Fiber and Clean Energy: 4 Uses for Industry | Department...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

industry. Addthis Related Articles Hexagon Lincoln develops carbon fiber composite fuel tanks that help deliver hydrogen to fleets throughout the country. The company has more than...

403

Spectral characterization of a photonic bandgap fiber for sensing applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the measurand-induced spectral shift of the photonic bandgap edge of a hollow-core photonic crystal fiber. The physical measurands considered are strain, temperature,...

Aref, S Hashem; Amezcua-Correac, Rodrigo; Carvalho, Joel P; Frazo, Orlando; Santos, Jos L; Arajo, Francisco M; Latifi, Hamid; Farahi, Faramarz; Ferreira, Luis A; Knight, Jonathan C

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Continuous Processing of High Thermal Conductivity Polyethylene Fibers and Sheets  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Project to develop and validate a continuous manufacturing process for polyethylene fibers and sheets yielding a thermal conductivity value greater than 60 W/m.K.

405

Existing PON Infrastructure Supported Hybrid Fiber-Wireless Sensor Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose a hybrid fiber wireless sensor network based on the existing PON infrastructure. The feasibility of remote sensing and PON convergence is experimentally proven by...

Yu, Xianbin; Zhao, Ying; Deng, Lei; Pang, Xiaodan; Tafur Monroy, Idelfonso

406

Optical fiber sensor for membrane submicrometer vibration measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents an optical fiber sensor for membrane submicrometer vibration measurement. The sensor is designed ultimately for low-cost medical audiometric applications such as...

Prokopczuk, Krzysztof; Rozwadowski, Krzysztof; Aleksandra Starzy?ska, M D; Doma?ski, Andrzej W

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Loading rubidium atoms into a hollow core fiber .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??We demonstrate a procedure for cooling, trapping, and transferring rubidium atoms into a hollow core photonic band gap fiber. The atoms are first collected in (more)

Chu, Yiwen

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Validation of Material Models for Automotive Carbon Fiber Composite...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Validation of Material Models for Automotive Carbon Fiber Composite Structures (VMM) Libby Berger (General Motors), Omar Faruque (Ford) Co-Principal Investigators US Automotive...

409

Carbon Fiber Pilot Plant and Research Facilities | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Pilot Plant and Research Facilities Carbon Fiber Pilot Plant and Research Facilities 2010 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen Programs Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

410

Low Cost Carbon Fiber from Renewable Resources | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

from Renewable Resources Low Cost Carbon Fiber from Renewable Resources 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting,...

411

Glass fiber composition. [for use as thermal insulation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention relates to a glass fiber composition useful for thermal insulation having a low melting temperature and high chemical durability.

Wolf, G.A.; Kupfer, M.J.

1980-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

412

Seismic damage identification for steel structures using distributed fiber optics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A distributed fiber optic monitoring methodology based on optic time domain reflectometry technology is developed for seismic damage identification of steel structures. Epoxy with a...

Hou, Shuang; Cai, C S; Ou, Jinping

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

COURSE SYLLABUS OSE 4470 FALL 2014 `FIBER-OPTIC COMMUNICATIONS'  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of optical fiber communication systems including the optoelectronic devices used in transmitters) Optoelectronic devices used in transmitters, receivers, and multiplexers. 3) Design of the overall communication

Van Stryland, Eric

414

Fiber optic diagnostic techniques for the electrical discharge machining process.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Plasma sparks from an electrical discharge machining phics. (EDM) process were observed using fiber optics positioned the dielectric oil. New measurement techniques were developed to (more)

Pillans, Brandon William

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Evaluation of the performance of polypropylene fibers on soil stabilization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Chattanooga, TN 37416. Its product name is "Fibergrids". These are one inch long 1000 denier fibers having a specific gravity of 0. 91. Sand (SM) was stabilized with type I portland cement and clay (CL) was stabilized with lime. Moisture-Density tests... for stabilizing clay was 5%. The optimum percentage of discrete polypropylene fibers for stabilizing clay and clay/lime was 0. 3%. The optimum percentage of polypropylene fibers for stabilizing sand and sand/5% cement was 0. 5%. Fibers improved the strength...

Sangineni, Srinivas Meherji

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

416

SORPTION OF PAHS AND COPPER (II) BY ASPEN WOOD FIBERS.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The sorption and desorption of phenanthrene and pyrene on treated and untreated aspen wood fibers were studied to evaluate the sorption mechanisms of polycyclic aromatic (more)

huang, liyuan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Multiparameter Fiber Optic Sensing System for Monitoring Enhanced...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

objectives: Demonstrate reliability of fiber and distributed temperature; strain and vibration sensing sub-systems for EGS at 374C and 220 bar in the presence of hydrogen....

418

Corn fiber hulls as a food additive or animal feed  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides a novel animal feed or food additive that may be made from thermochemically hydrolyzed, solvent-extracted corn fiber hulls. The animal feed or food additive may be made, for instance, by thermochemically treating corn fiber hulls to hydrolyze and solubilize the hemicellulose and starch present in the corn fiber hulls to oligosaccharides. The residue may be extracted with a solvent to separate the oil from the corn fiber, leaving a solid residue that may be prepared, for instance by aggolmerating, and sold as a food additive or an animal feed.

Abbas, Charles (Champaign, IL); Beery, Kyle E. (Decatur, IN); Cecava, Michael J. (Decatur, IN); Doane, Perry H. (Decatur, IN)

2010-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

419

Method for the continuous processing of hermetic fiber optic components and the resultant fiber optic-to-metal components  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Hermetic fiber optic-to-metal components and method for making hermetic fiber optic-to-metal components by assembling and fixturing elements comprising a metal shell, a glass preform, and a metal-coated fiber optic into desired relative positions and then sealing said fixtured elements preferably using a continuous heating process is disclosed. The resultant hermetic fiber optic-to-metal components exhibit high hermeticity and durability despite the large differences in thermal coefficients of expansion among the various elements. 3 figs.

Kramer, D.P.

1994-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

420

Advanced Metal Fiber Wall-Flow DPF For Diesel Emission Control...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Metal Fiber Wall-Flow DPF For Diesel Emission Control Advanced Metal Fiber Wall-Flow DPF For Diesel Emission Control A new metal fiber wall-flow DPF with up to 99% efficiency and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING / SEPTEMBER 2000 / 865 CARBON FIBER ADSORPTION USING QUANTITATIVE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING / SEPTEMBER 2000 / 865 CARBON FIBER ADSORPTION USING carbon fiber (ACF) adsorbents. The DR isotherm parameter, k, depends on the adsorbate as well volatile organic compound adsorbates and activated carbon fiber adsorbents. INTRODUCTION Activated carbon

Cal, Mark P.

422

Detection of low concentration oxygen containing functional groups on activated carbon fiber surfaces through fluorescent labeling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Detection of low concentration oxygen containing functional groups on activated carbon fiber of surface functional groups (OH, COOH and CHO) on activated carbon fiber surfaces. The chromophores were rights reserved. Keywords: Carbon fibers; X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy; Infrared spectroscopy

Borguet, Eric

423

SURFACE CHARACTERIZATION OF PAN-BASED CARBON FIBERS USING XPS, SIMS, AND AFM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SURFACE CHARACTERIZATION OF PAN-BASED CARBON FIBERS USING XPS, SIMS, AND AFM by Kris Anne Battleson on Carbon Fiber Surfaces.....................................17 Atomic Force Microscopy on Carbon Fiber Surfaces.....................................21 Numerical Methods...........................................................................

424

Large-pitch fibers: Pushing very large mode areas to highest powers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A scalable fiber design for ytterbium-doped high performance fiber lasers and amplifiers will be presented. The working principle of large-pitch fibers (LPF) bases on delocalization of...

Limpert, Jens

425

Glass fiber contamination of cigarette filters: an additional health risk to the smoker?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Articles Glass fiber contamination of cigarette filters...cigarette-appearing smoking article labeled Eclipse with glass fibers, fragments, and particles. Eclipse...insulated and bound with two wrapping mats of glass fibers. Recently, Eclipse has been modified...

J L Pauly; H J Lee; E L Hurley; K M Cummings; J D Lesses; R J Streck

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composite Manufacturing Workshop  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

A workshop on Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composite Manufacturing (held January 13, 2014, in Arlington, VA) brought together stakeholders from industry and academia to discuss manufacturing of composites. The workshop explored emerging FRP composite market applications in clean energy and barriers to the development and widespread commercial use of these lightweight, high-strength and high-stiffness materials. Improving the manufacturing speed and quality-and reducing their manufacturing costs-could accelerate their use in automotive, wind, compressed gas storage and other clean energy and industrial applications.

427

A cantilever optical-fiber accelerometer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A simple fiber-optic acceleration sensor has been designed and evaluated. It is an amplitude-modulation sensor, which employs inexpensive electronic instrumentation. The construction and technology of the sensor are presented. The influence of some construction parameters on sensor characteristics has been considered and measured. It is proved that simple construction modifications allow some sensor parameters to be tuned. The sensor characteristic is nonlinear. The amplitude-modulation depth reaches 50% at an acceleration of 250 m/s2 for a cantilever length of 40 mm. The maximum operating frequency is dependent on cantilever length and for length 20 mm is 125 Hz.

Jerzy Kalenik; Ryszard Paj?k

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Programmable optic-fiber delay line  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. It can supply up to 2 Amp continuous output current with an output short circuit. The thermo-electric cooler (TEC) from Marlow Industries, Inc. can heat or cool material depending on the direction of the electric current driving it. The two input... the fusion. 16 Optical Fiber Electrode V-groove Fig. 5 Basic configuration of electric arc fusion splicer. In order to better understand the fusion process used in fabrication of the Mach-Zender interferometer, especially the available SIECOR model m...

Fang, Shin-Puu

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Influence of Lignin modification on PAN-Lignin copolymers as potential carbon fiber precursors.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Carbon fiber based polymer composites have been recognized as advanced materials for structural applications. The unique reinforcing abilities of carbon fibers with their combination of (more)

Ramasubramanian, Gauri

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Properties and mechanism on flexural fatigue of polypropylene fiber reinforced concrete containing slag  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Properties and mechanism were investigated on flexural fatigue of concrete containing polypropylene fibers and ground granulated blast furnace slag(GGBFS). Four polypropylene fibers volume fractions and five ...

Huili Zhang ???; Kanliang Tian

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Stabilized dual-wavelength fiber-optic interferometer for vibration measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A stabilized fiber-optic interferometer was developed for vibration measurement by using two laser diodes of different wavelengths and one polarization-maintaining fiber. Passive...

Wright, O B

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Low Cost Carbon Fiber Research in the LM Materials Program Overview...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Carbon Fiber Research in the LM Materials Program Overview Low Cost Carbon Fiber Research in the LM Materials Program Overview 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies...

433

Scale Up of Novel, Low-Cost Carbon Fibers Leading to High-Volume...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

More Documents & Publications CX-009154: Categorical Exclusion Determination Low Cost Carbon Fiber Research in the LM Materials Program Overview Carbon Fiber Technology...

434

Low-Cost Carbon-Fiber Integration / Users Facility and Commercializati...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Low-Cost Carbon-Fiber Integration Users Facility and Commercialization of Textile Precursors Low-Cost Carbon-Fiber Integration Users Facility and Commercialization of Textile...

435

Spatially Multiplexed Fiber-optic Microscopy for Simultaneous Imaging of Multiple Brain Regions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Spatially multiplexed fiber-optic imager is experimentally demonstrated. Our system utilizes a trifurcated fiber bundles for real-time brain imaging in 3 different areas.

Cha, Jaepyeong; Kang, Jin U

436

E-Print Network 3.0 - absolute fiber optic Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Index Terms--Characterization, fiber-arrays, optical fiber, op- tical waveguides, optoelectronic... large numbers of input and output channels that require precisely aligned ......

437

E-Print Network 3.0 - artificial fiber spinning Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Design of a Hybrid STMSNOM for Spintronics & OptoelectronicsSpintronics & Optoelectronics the Interiorthe Interior Summary: -field optical fiber Far-field optical fiber...

438

High-Efficiency Solar Cogeneration with TPV & Fiber-Optic Daylighting...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

High-Efficiency Solar Cogeneration with TPV & Fiber-Optic Daylighting High-Efficiency Solar Cogeneration with TPV & Fiber-Optic Daylighting Lead Performer: Creative Light Source,...

439

Designed amyloid fibers as materials for selective carbon dioxide capture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Designed amyloid fibers as materials for selective carbon dioxide capture Dan Lia,b,c,1 , Hiroyasu demonstrate that amyloids, self-assembling protein fibers, are effective for selective carbon dioxide capture formation rate is fast enough to capture carbon dioxide by dynamic separation, undiminished by the presence

440

THE INTERACTION BETWEEN THE SYNAPSES OF A SINGLE MOTOR FIBER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A favorable preparation for the study of properties of simple synapses is provided by the giant fiber system of the crayfish, Cambarus. Previous anatomical and physiological studies (Johnson, 1924, 1926; Wiersma, 1947) have shown that certain motor fibers in the third roots of the abdominal ganglia

C. A. G. Wiersma; R. S. Turner

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Properties study of cotton stalk fiber/gypsum composite  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This manuscript addresses treating cotton stalk fiber surface with styrene acrylic emulsion, which improves the interfacial combined state of cotton stalk fiber/gypsum composite effectively and improves its mechanical properties notably. Mixes less slag, ordinary Portland cement, etc., to modify gypsum base. The electron microscope was utilized to analyze and research on the effect on composite properties of the abovementioned mixtures.

Li Guozhong; Yu Yanzhen; Zhao Zhongjian; Li Jianquan; Li Changchun

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Upper Midwest Food, Fuel and Fiber Network Tour  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2nd Annual Upper Midwest Food, Fuel and Fiber Network Tour Aug. 31 ­ Sept. 2, 2010 #12;Tuesday, fuel, and fiber research. 8:15 p.m. Adjourn to University Plaza Hotel www.uphwl.com #12;Wednesday.m. Controlled Sub-Surface Drainage Dr. Eileen Kladivko, Department of Agronomy 2:00 p.m. Algae Wheel (Sewage

443

The CHORUS scintillating fiber tracker and its monitoring systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A scintillating fiber tracker system consisting of more than one million fibers has been successfully constructed and made operational for the CERN WA95/CHORUS experiment. The design and construction of the tracker system as well as its opto-electronic readout are described. The performance of the detector with high energy muons is presented.

Annis, P; Brooijmans, G; Brunner, J; Dupraz, J P; Dupont, J; Fabre, Jean-Paul; Favart, D; Flegel, Wilfried; Frekers, D; Grgoire, G; Gruw, M; Hrin, J; Hpfner, K; Kobayashi, M; Konijn, J; Kozaki, T; Lamonte, P; Lematre, V; Lendermann, P; Macina, Daniela; Meijer-Drees, R; Michel, L; Mommaert, C; Nakamura, K; Nakamura, M; Nakano, T; Nappey, P; Niwa, K; Niu, E; Panman, J; Pintus, R; Riccardi, F; Reynaud, S; Rondeshagen, D; Sato, O; Stefanini, G; Van Beek, G; Van der Donckt, M; Vilain, P; Weinheimer, C; Wilquet, G; Winter, Klaus; Wong, H T

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Extrinsic fiber optic displacement sensors and displacement sensing systems  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An extrinsic Fizeau fiber optic sensor comprises a single-mode fiber, used as an input/output fiber, and a multimode fiber, used purely as a reflector, to form an air gap within a silica tube that acts as a Fizeau cavity. The Fresnel reflection from the glass/air interface at the front of the air gap (reference reflection) and the reflection from the air/glass interface at the far end of the air gap (sensing reflection) interfere in the input/output fiber. The two fibers are allowed to move in the silica tube, and changes in the air gap length cause changes in the phase difference between the reference reflection and the sensing reflection. This phase difference is observed as changes in intensity of the light monitored at the output arm of a fused biconical tapered coupler. The extrinsic Fizeau fiber optic sensor behaves identically whether it is surface mounted or embedded, which is unique to the extrinsic sensor in contrast to intrinsic Fabry-Perot sensors. The sensor may be modified to provide a quadrature phase shift extrinsic Fizeau fiber optic sensor for the detection of both the amplitude and the relative polarity of dynamically varying strain. The quadrature light signals may be generated by either mechanical or optical means. A plurality of the extrinsic sensors may connected in cascade and multiplexed to allow monitoring by a single analyzer.

Murphy, Kent A. (Roanoke, VA); Gunther, Michael F. (Blacksburg, VA); Vengsarkar, Ashish M. (Scotch Plains, NJ); Claus, Richard O. (Christiansburg, VA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Revealing the Substructure of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Fibers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To secure the fiber and avoid charging in the SEM, the needle was filled with a conductive silver paint (Leitsilber 200, Ted Pella) before the fiber was mounted. ... (16)?Vigolo, B.; Penicaud, A.; Coulon, C.; Sauder, C.; Pailler, R.; Journet, C.; Bernier, P.; Poulin, P. Science 2000, 290, 1331?1334. ...

Yuhuang Wang; Lars M. Ericson; Carter Kittrell; Myung Jong Kim; Hongwei Shan; Hua Fan; Steve Ripley; Sivarajan Ramesh; Robert H. Hauge; W. Wade Adams; Matteo Pasquali; Richard E. Smalley

2005-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

446

Method for forming hermetic coatings for optical fibers  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for forming hermetic coatings on optical fibers by hot filament assisted chemical vapor deposition advantageously produces a desirable coating while maintaining the pristine strength of the pristine fiber. The hermetic coatings may be formed from a variety of substances, such as, for example, boron nitride and carbon.

Michalske, Terry A. (P.O. Box 1042, Cedar Crest, NM 87008); Rye, Robert R. (1304 Espanola NE., Albuquerque, NM 87110); Smith, William L. (9916 Fostoria Rd., NE., Albuquerque, NM 87111)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Broadband Photodetector Based on Carbon Nanotube Fibers Simon Lee,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UG-30 Broadband Photodetector Based on Carbon Nanotube Fibers Simon Lee,1 Xuan Wang absorption properties of the carbon nanotube fibers generate a thermal distribution across the length of applications of carbon nanotubes has been constantly expanding since its inception. From being a copper wire

448

Developments in Oxide Fiber Composites Frank W. Zokw  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are contingent on the development of durable high-per- formance ceramic composites. With recent discoveries, and toughness, continuous-fiber ceramic composites (CFCCs) offer the greatest potential for enabling elevations that are volatilized by oxidation after composite fabrica- tion, leaving a narrow gap at the fiber­matrix boundary (Fig

Zok, Frank

449

Fiber Depolymerization M. S. Turner,* G. Agarwal,y  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the pathology of sickle cell disease. If sickle hemoglobin fibers fail to depolymerize fully during passage that depolymerization processes are now believed to play an important role in sickle cell disease and may even- strated the feasibility of measuring the depolymerization of individual sickle cell fibers (3). New

Turner, Matthew

450

High Average Power, High Energy Short Pulse Fiber Laser System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently continuous wave fiber laser systems with output powers in excess of 500W with good beam quality have been demonstrated [1]. High energy, ultrafast, chirped pulsed fiber laser systems have achieved record output energies of 1mJ [2]. However, these high-energy systems have not been scaled beyond a few watts of average output power. Fiber laser systems are attractive for many applications because they offer the promise of high efficiency, compact, robust systems that are turn key. Applications such as cutting, drilling and materials processing, front end systems for high energy pulsed lasers (such as petawatts) and laser based sources of high spatial coherence, high flux x-rays all require high energy short pulses and two of the three of these applications also require high average power. The challenge in creating a high energy chirped pulse fiber laser system is to find a way to scale the output energy while avoiding nonlinear effects and maintaining good beam quality in the amplifier fiber. To this end, our 3-year LDRD program sought to demonstrate a high energy, high average power fiber laser system. This work included exploring designs of large mode area optical fiber amplifiers for high energy systems as well as understanding the issues associated chirped pulse amplification in optical fiber amplifier systems.

Messerly, M J

2007-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

451

Fiber-optic oxygen sensor using molybdenum chloride cluster luminescence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fiber-optic oxygen sensor using molybdenum chloride cluster luminescence Ruby N. Ghosh,a) Gregory L on a reflection-mode fiber-optic oxygen sensor based on the 3 O2 quenching of the red emission from hexanuclear molybdenum chloride clusters. Measurements of the probe operating in a 0%­21% gaseous oxygen environment have

Ghosh, Ruby N.

452

Grizzly Substation Fiber Optics : Environmental Assessment.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This notice announces BPA`s decision to construct, operate, and maintain the Grizzly Substation Fiber Optic Project (Project). This Project is part of a continuing effort by BPA to complete a regionwide upgrade of its existing telecommunications system. The US Forest Service and BPA jointly prepared the Grizzly Substation Fiber Optic Project Environmental Assessment (EA) (DOE/EA-1241) evaluating the potential environmental impacts of the Proposed Action, the Underground Installation Alternative, and the No Action Alternative. Based on the analysis in the EA, the US Forest Service and BPA have determined that the Proposed Action is not a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment, within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969. Therefore, the preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) is not required and BPA is issuing this FONSI. The US Forest Service has separately issued a FONSI and Decision Notice authorizing BPA to construct, operate, and maintain the Project within the Crooked River National Grassland (Grassland).

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Data:59082e36-0f3c-4080-9fe0-f05db2cb814d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

-0f3c-4080-9fe0-f05db2cb814d -0f3c-4080-9fe0-f05db2cb814d No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: A & N Electric Coop Effective date: 2008/01/02 End date if known: Rate name: Former Delmarva Power Territory: Outdoor Recreational Lighting Rate Sector: Lighting Description: Availability: Applies for service in the new service territory acquired from Delmarva Power and Light Co. by the Cooperative and is available to non-profit organizations and local governmental entities where at least 90% of the total connected load is used for outdoor recreational lighting. Rates are subject to wholesale power cost adjustments.

454

Data:7080b19a-ec3c-4b53-bbc9-8711115cf7f6 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b19a-ec3c-4b53-bbc9-8711115cf7f6 b19a-ec3c-4b53-bbc9-8711115cf7f6 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Duke Energy Carolinas, LLC (South Carolina) Effective date: 2012/10/01 End date if known: Rate name: Residential - RS Sector: Residential Description: Available only to residential customers in residences, condominiums, mobile homes, or individually-metered apartments which provide independent and permanent facilities complete for living, sleeping, eating, cooking, and sanitation. Source or reference: http://www.duke-energy.com/pdfs/SCScheduleRS.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability

455

Data:08ebcf38-175d-4583-a50c-3c4b17babf32 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

8-175d-4583-a50c-3c4b17babf32 8-175d-4583-a50c-3c4b17babf32 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Avista Corp Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Company Owned Street Lighting - SHPS 100 W Developer contributed Sector: Lighting Description: Public Purposes Rider = base rate x %2.85. Source or reference: http://www.avistautilities.com/services/energypricing/wa/elect/Pages/default.aspx Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V):

456

Data:A68f2635-9cea-4083-abfa-0b3c3cc50319 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

f2635-9cea-4083-abfa-0b3c3cc50319 f2635-9cea-4083-abfa-0b3c3cc50319 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Village of Davenport, Nebraska (Utility Company) Effective date: 2012/11/11 End date if known: Rate name: Area Lighting MV 400 Watt Metered Sector: Lighting Description: Area/directional lighting of farmyards, backyards, patios, parking lots, storage yards, trailer courts, industrial sites, schools churches, apartments, businesses and many other applications where lighting is needed for identification, merchandising, environment, aesthetics, safety, security, protection or convenience.

457

Data:Adce7c69-e3c9-4984-9829-5e7ff0cc10eb | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Adce7c69-e3c9-4984-9829-5e7ff0cc10eb Adce7c69-e3c9-4984-9829-5e7ff0cc10eb No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Norris Public Power District Effective date: 2012/01/20 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule 19: Municipal Street Lighting: Incandescent: 300 watt Sector: Lighting Description: Available to towns, villages, and communities within the District's Service Area for street lighting service from dusk to dawn. Source or reference: http://www.norrisppd.com/downloads/Schedule%2019%20-%20Municiapl%20Street%20Lighting.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW):

458

Data:43427f05-c8da-4ac5-bc3b-3c9efc3b7f2e | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

f05-c8da-4ac5-bc3b-3c9efc3b7f2e f05-c8da-4ac5-bc3b-3c9efc3b7f2e No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Escanaba, Michigan (Utility Company) Effective date: 2012/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: Electric Heat Suburban Commercial Sector: Commercial Description: To all customers for such service when separately metered upon application and approval of permanently installed equipment; subject to such rules and regulations as are established by the utility. When air conditioning is installed in an electrically heated area, it may be connected to the same meter for space conditioning purposes.

459

Data:F7ec3348-39dc-4f03-b713-7e178c4b6d3c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

348-39dc-4f03-b713-7e178c4b6d3c 348-39dc-4f03-b713-7e178c4b6d3c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Cuming County Public Pwr Dist Effective date: 2011/12/14 End date if known: Rate name: Security Lighting Unmetered Lights 250W HPS-Flood Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: Ilinois State University Rate binder # 10 Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous

460

Data:Cf8e89dc-02b8-41da-b3ea-3c92b0e3113c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cf8e89dc-02b8-41da-b3ea-3c92b0e3113c Cf8e89dc-02b8-41da-b3ea-3c92b0e3113c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Canoochee Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2006/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: Security Lighting Service- SL (250W Flood) Sector: Lighting Description: To individual consumers for dusk to dawn out door lighting service in close proximity to existing overhead distribution lines. Service will be rendered only at locations that, solely in the opinion of the Cooperative, are readily accessible for maintenance. Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Data:6f121b5e-2a0c-4777-9efe-3c5b44d7871d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1b5e-2a0c-4777-9efe-3c5b44d7871d 1b5e-2a0c-4777-9efe-3c5b44d7871d No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Edgecombe-Martin County E M C Effective date: 2006/08/01 End date if known: Rate name: GENERAL SERVICE Three Phase Sector: Commercial Description: AVAILABILITY: Electric service is available under this Schedule in the territory served by the Cooperative for nonresidential use with less than 100 kVA of transformer capacity. Resale and standby services are not permitted. Rates are subject to wholesale power cost adjustments, power factor adjustments,a North Carolina Sales Tax and Rider EE (Energy Efficiency Rider).

462

Data:4a7a5e51-bed8-4a67-a3c8-204210ed2554 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

bed8-4a67-a3c8-204210ed2554 bed8-4a67-a3c8-204210ed2554 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Wild Rice Electric Coop, Inc Effective date: 2012/03/18 End date if known: Rate name: VILLAGE RESIDENTIAL SERVICE - Up to 5 KVA transformer Sector: Residential Description: Source or reference: http://www.wildriceelectric.com/b-rate.html Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous

463

Data:Ec9e6a69-824c-438a-a3c1-629292832b19 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

9-824c-438a-a3c1-629292832b19 9-824c-438a-a3c1-629292832b19 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Tri-County Rural Elec Coop Inc Effective date: 2011/02/01 End date if known: Rate name: Residential 4C Sector: Residential Description: Source or reference: Rate binder # 4(Illinios State University) Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous

464

Data:9b27a143-a7be-4e04-8051-5ab3c49dccb1 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

3-a7be-4e04-8051-5ab3c49dccb1 3-a7be-4e04-8051-5ab3c49dccb1 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Imperial Irrigation District Effective date: 1994/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: SCHEDULE SL-2 STATE HIGHWAY LIGHTING SERVICE-MERCURY VAPOR 250W Sector: Lighting Description: APPLICABILITY Applicable to service to state highway lighting installations where the customer owns and maintains the equipment and the District furnishes energy at one or more central points in accordance with special conditions set forth herein. Unmetered Service: For each kilowatt of lamp load . . . . . . . $22.30 Minimum charge at any one location . . . . . $ 5.00 Monthly Usage: 105kWh

465

Data:4d8380cf-6a3c-4b4a-814e-d0ac0210a41e | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

80cf-6a3c-4b4a-814e-d0ac0210a41e 80cf-6a3c-4b4a-814e-d0ac0210a41e No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Stillwater Utilities Authority Effective date: 2012/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: ELECTRIC RATE OUTDOOR SECURITY LIGHTING MV 175W Sector: Lighting Description: This lighting fixture is no longer available for new installations. The Fixed Monthly Charge applies to Existing Distribution on Wood Poles. Additional Charges: If an extension of SEU's secondary circuit and a pole was necessary for the area security light, the monthly rate below shall be increased for each security light as follows:

466

Data:A4ddefe0-db39-48c0-ac98-7941b3451e3c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ddefe0-db39-48c0-ac98-7941b3451e3c ddefe0-db39-48c0-ac98-7941b3451e3c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Cairo, Georgia (Utility Company) Effective date: 2011/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: Curtailable Electric Rates C-1 Sector: Commercial Description: This rate is applicable to all non-residential customers whose highest annual peak demand exceeds 50 KW. Subject to Power Cost Adjustment (PCA). Source or reference: Rate Binder # 2 Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months):

467

Data:4ad19850-86a9-40d8-be52-3c447a057189 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

-86a9-40d8-be52-3c447a057189 -86a9-40d8-be52-3c447a057189 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Stanton County Public Pwr Dist Effective date: 2012/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Municipal Street Lighting Municipal Owned Lights 400W 15000LMV Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: ISU Archives Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

468

Data:B721bd4d-6c3a-4595-a91e-5a50c7c3c275 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

d-6c3a-4595-a91e-5a50c7c3c275 d-6c3a-4595-a91e-5a50c7c3c275 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Tecumseh, Nebraska (Utility Company) Effective date: 2013/10/01 End date if known: Rate name: Dusk-To-Dawn Lighting- UnMetered 400 W Luminaires (October 2013) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable to any customer for private or public outdoor lighting service, whether unmetered and provided by the city, or metered. Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh):

469

Data:408684f1-cc3e-4c8b-a3c2-e331c0e78277 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

f1-cc3e-4c8b-a3c2-e331c0e78277 f1-cc3e-4c8b-a3c2-e331c0e78277 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Little Ocmulgee El Member Corp Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule "R-7" Sector: Commercial Description: Applicable to permanent full-time consumers and use incidental thereto, and at one standard voltage. The capacity of individual motors served under the Schedule shall not exceed 10 horsepower. No service rendered hereunder may be resold or transmitted to other premises, either directly or indirectly, without expressed consent of the Cooperative.

470

Data:F4ee18d1-1910-4d84-ab53-79ba79489b3c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ee18d1-1910-4d84-ab53-79ba79489b3c ee18d1-1910-4d84-ab53-79ba79489b3c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Entergy Gulf States Louisiana LLC Effective date: 2005/09/28 End date if known: Rate name: 2 High load factor service (HLFS) (primary voltage)(transmission 69/138 kV voltage) Sector: Industrial Description: This rate is applicable under the regular terms and conditions of company to customers who contract for not less then 2500 kW of electric service at company's available line voltage. Source or reference: http://www.entergy-louisiana.com/content/price/tariffs/egsi/egsila_lps.pdf

471

Data:5acb3b2c-0e55-48f9-80ed-3c80c195f680 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b2c-0e55-48f9-80ed-3c80c195f680 b2c-0e55-48f9-80ed-3c80c195f680 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Lebanon, Indiana (Utility Company) Effective date: 2013/04/01 End date if known: Rate name: OL - Outdoor Lighting 150 watt sodium vapor Sector: Lighting Description: Availability Available only for continuous year-round service for outdoor lighting to any residential, farm, commercial or industrial customer located adjacent to an electric distribution line of Utility. Character of Service Outdoor Lighting Service using lamps available under this schedule. Source or reference: http://www.lebanon-utilities.com/e_rates.html

472

Data:9257ab3c-b68c-4223-9f24-b803fb930852 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

7ab3c-b68c-4223-9f24-b803fb930852 7ab3c-b68c-4223-9f24-b803fb930852 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Blue Earth, Minnesota (Utility Company) Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Security Light: 250w Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: http://www.belw.org/Rate Source Parent: Comments cost is per fixture per month Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

473

Data:3b00cdd8-030d-4261-aa09-9ae783ae3c15 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

cdd8-030d-4261-aa09-9ae783ae3c15 cdd8-030d-4261-aa09-9ae783ae3c15 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Consumers Power, Inc Effective date: 2011/10/01 End date if known: Rate name: 250 W HPS Street Lighting, Metered Sector: Lighting Description: * Applicable to service furnished from the dusk to dawn for area lighting,lighting of public streets,highways,alleys and parks. Streetlights supported on distribution type wood poles from Cooperative-owned overhead or underground system. Rate when light is Metered through customer's service. Source or reference: Rate binder # 4(Illinios State University)

474

Data:1fe29ef0-91ee-4ab5-924d-b3c7ea445dd6 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

fe29ef0-91ee-4ab5-924d-b3c7ea445dd6 fe29ef0-91ee-4ab5-924d-b3c7ea445dd6 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Lansing, Michigan (Utility Company) Effective date: 2011/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: CUSTOMER OWNED SYSTEMS (Incandescent Luminaire 2500 L) Sector: Commercial Description: Available to any political subdivision or agency of the State of Michigan for street lighting service for any system consisting of one or more luminaires where the BWL has an existing distribution system available. Source or reference: http://www.lansingmi.gov/Lansing/clerk/BWL_Proposed.pdf

475

Data:9520a388-400e-45e9-b645-8e3c83837b69 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

8-400e-45e9-b645-8e3c83837b69 8-400e-45e9-b645-8e3c83837b69 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Pearl River Valley El Pwr Assn Effective date: 2001/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: 60 TOU-2 Time of Use Sector: Description: Available to non-residential Consumers requiring three phase service with a transformer capacity of 1000kVA or more, subject to Association's established rules and regulations. This rate applies to electric service measured by one meter used exclusively by one Consumer in a single establishment on one premise utilizing a single delivery point, and not resold or shared with others.

476

Data:6ff41894-1942-46b7-97da-23301ee7fa3c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

-1942-46b7-97da-23301ee7fa3c -1942-46b7-97da-23301ee7fa3c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Seneca, South Carolina (Utility Company) Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Commercial Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: https://cas.sharepoint.illinoisstate.edu/grants/Sunshot/Lists/DATA%20ENTRY%20Rates%20Collected/Attachments/628/Seneca%20Light%20and%20Water.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V):

477

Data:187059d1-e799-4c86-ab62-1c22cf3c8013 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

e799-4c86-ab62-1c22cf3c8013 e799-4c86-ab62-1c22cf3c8013 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Borough of Kutztown, Pennsylvania (Utility Company) Effective date: 2012/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: INSTITIONAL SERVICE RATE 120000 NON ELECTRIC Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: http://www.kutztownboro.org/kutztown/uploads/ElectricRatesJanuary2012.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service

478

Data:9fb6b5cd-2025-477e-a609-a7d1a5aa3c33 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

cd-2025-477e-a609-a7d1a5aa3c33 cd-2025-477e-a609-a7d1a5aa3c33 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Electrical Dist No3 Pinal Cnty Effective date: 2012/12/19 End date if known: Rate name: RATE NO. 09 DUSK TO DAWN LIGHTING-High Pressure Sodium 100W Sector: Lighting Description: Applicability: To all customers for the purposes of outdoor lighting other than street and highway lighting service of privately owned property. Electric service is provided from dusk to dawn. ED3 will install, own, operate and maintain the complete lighting installation, including lamp replacements.

479

Data:67083cb0-ba3c-45bf-a5d3-621aca26ae1b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

cb0-ba3c-45bf-a5d3-621aca26ae1b cb0-ba3c-45bf-a5d3-621aca26ae1b No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Kings Mountain, North Carolina (Utility Company) Effective date: 2011/07/31 End date if known: Rate name: Residential- All Electric Sector: Residential Description: Available only to residences, condominiums, mobile homes, or individually-metered apartments, in which the energy required for all water heating, cooking, and environmental space conditioning is supplied electrically. Source or reference: http://www.cityofkm.com/Downloads/billing/Electric_Rates.pdf Source Parent:

480

Data:47abea3c-bde9-4708-8a1f-a955c4098614 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

abea3c-bde9-4708-8a1f-a955c4098614 abea3c-bde9-4708-8a1f-a955c4098614 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Electrical Dist No3 Pinal Cnty Effective date: 2012/08/22 End date if known: Rate name: RATE NO. 03 LARGE COMMERCIAL SERVICE-Underground Primary Service Sector: Industrial Description: Applicability: To commercial customers whose monthly maximum demand is greater than 50kW for three(3) consecutive months in any continuous twelve(12) month period ending with the current month. Service is applied at one point of delivery and measured through one meter with a demand reading.

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481

Data:02e4e3c2-473a-46bd-bc30-227358c2ea8f | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

e3c2-473a-46bd-bc30-227358c2ea8f e3c2-473a-46bd-bc30-227358c2ea8f No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Consumers Energy Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Metered New Pole HPS 400 W Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: http://www.consumersenergy.coop/programs.php?pn=Security%20Lights&pl=securitylights Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring:

482

Data:Fed3f322-10d8-41c2-9055-d2981c3c3d53 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fed3f322-10d8-41c2-9055-d2981c3c3d53 Fed3f322-10d8-41c2-9055-d2981c3c3d53 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Algoma Utility Comm Effective date: 2008/05/28 End date if known: Rate name: Residential Service Three-Phase Sector: Residential Description: This rate will be applied to residential single-phase customers for ordinary household purposes. Single-phase motors may not exceed 5 horsepower individual-rated capacity without utility permission. Rg-1 Residential Service $1.00 per customer per month Source or reference: http://www.algomautilities.com/media/Electric_Rate_Tariff_Sheets.pdf

483

Data:33c55341-9843-4345-9c7b-228f082c8d3c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

341-9843-4345-9c7b-228f082c8d3c 341-9843-4345-9c7b-228f082c8d3c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Delaware Electric Cooperative Effective date: 2011/02/01 End date if known: Rate name: Lighting Service--Schedule L-1 Mercury Vapor Lamp-Post Top Luminaire (175w) Colonial Sector: Lighting Description: Available to Members, governments, agencies, public and private organizations desiring Electric Delivery or Electric Supply and Delivery Services through unmetered services for roadway and area lighting. Source or reference: http://www.delaware.coop/my-services/residential/billing/rates

484

Data:6436c5eb-84b0-4e62-991e-e3bcd810db3c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

eb-84b0-4e62-991e-e3bcd810db3c eb-84b0-4e62-991e-e3bcd810db3c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Huntingburg, Indiana (Utility Company) Effective date: 2007/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Municipal Street Lighting- (Mercury 175 W Security) Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

485

Data:097eb70e-a3c0-4916-b0ac-837224a0797c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

e-a3c0-4916-b0ac-837224a0797c e-a3c0-4916-b0ac-837224a0797c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Imperial Irrigation District Effective date: 1994/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: SCHEDULE SL-2 STATE HIGHWAY LIGHTING SERVICE-HIGH-PRESSURE SODIUM VAPOR 70W Sector: Lighting Description: APPLICABILITY Applicable to service to state highway lighting installations where the customer owns and maintains the equipment and the District furnishes energy at one or more central points in accordance with special conditions set forth herein. Unmetered Service: For each kilowatt of lamp load . . . . . . . $22.30 Minimum charge at any one location . . . . . $ 5.00 Monthly Usage: 35kWh

486

Data:E8625c5a-3c0c-48e6-a728-0292cd3b28f2 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

25c5a-3c0c-48e6-a728-0292cd3b28f2 25c5a-3c0c-48e6-a728-0292cd3b28f2 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Sun River Electric Coop, Inc Effective date: 2012/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Security Lighting - 200 watt HPS - Existing Pole Sector: Lighting Description: * Single phase at available voltage. Available for automatic dusk-to-dawn lighting when cooperative furnishes all material, maintenance and electric energy. Source or reference: http://www.sunriverelectric.coop/Membership/Billing_Rates_and_Fees/Security_Lighting/index.html Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW)

487

Data:8bb186f5-3c77-45d0-8366-872069957ae1 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

f5-3c77-45d0-8366-872069957ae1 f5-3c77-45d0-8366-872069957ae1 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Grantville, Georgia (Utility Company) Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Security/ Street-Monthly 1000 W MH Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: Rate Binder#2 Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

488

Data:Ab8ab0de-9670-41d7-8c61-a3c35d93fa51 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

de-9670-41d7-8c61-a3c35d93fa51 de-9670-41d7-8c61-a3c35d93fa51 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Village of Glouster, Ohio (Utility Company) Effective date: 2003/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: Small Commercial 3-Phase Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: Rate Binder #5B (Illinois State University) Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

489

Data:B4bbcb8c-862d-41b0-a8de-3c9f453b19ff | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

bbcb8c-862d-41b0-a8de-3c9f453b19ff bbcb8c-862d-41b0-a8de-3c9f453b19ff No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Bangor Hydro-Electric Co Effective date: 2012/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: Periodic High pressure sodium- 150 watts Sector: Lighting Description: Service under this rate is available for street and area lighting service installations, maintenance and use of energy, and traffic control lighting service provided the customer furnishes the equipment. Customers taking service under this rate schedule are responsible for paying both Distribution Service and Stranded Cost.

490

Data:B1426e3c-0e0b-4a55-be94-d0221bfe8c25 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

e3c-0e0b-4a55-be94-d0221bfe8c25 e3c-0e0b-4a55-be94-d0221bfe8c25 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Bonneville Power Admin Effective date: 2011/10/01 End date if known: 2013/09/30 Rate name: IP - 12 Sector: Industrial Description: This schedule is available to BPA's direct service industrial Customers (DSIs), as defined by the Northwest Power Act, for firm power to be used in their industrial operations in the Pacific Northwest. Industrial Firm Power (IP) is available under Northwest Power Act section 5(d) contracts to DSIs for direct consumption. Source or reference: http://www.bpa.gov/Power/PSP/rates/current.shtml

491

Data:C1409861-b564-4c10-b6f9-3c6aac33eccb | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

61-b564-4c10-b6f9-3c6aac33eccb 61-b564-4c10-b6f9-3c6aac33eccb No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Woodruff Electric Coop Corp Effective date: 2012/10/24 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor lighting - Security Lamps 175 W MVL Sector: Lighting Description: To unmetered automatically controlled outdoor lighting service burning all night. Source or reference: Illinois State University Archive Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V):

492

Data:78c0e937-3ecd-4645-8a89-3c9a4af9a913 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

7-3ecd-4645-8a89-3c9a4af9a913 7-3ecd-4645-8a89-3c9a4af9a913 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Consumers Energy Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Nonmetered Memb Owns/Repairs HPS 400 W Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: http://www.consumersenergy.coop/programs.php?pn=Security%20Lights&pl=securitylights Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring:

493

Data:7f6a14ad-4d86-4706-ac3c-e4f140e3e42f | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ad-4d86-4706-ac3c-e4f140e3e42f ad-4d86-4706-ac3c-e4f140e3e42f No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: South Carolina Pub Serv Auth Effective date: 2012/10/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting - Shoebox 400 Watt HPS Sector: Residential Description: Source or reference: https://www.santeecooper.com/business/equipment-leases/outdoor-lighting.aspx Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring:

494

Data:A497b42f-3c89-425f-8491-ecaa43be1829 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

f-3c89-425f-8491-ecaa43be1829 f-3c89-425f-8491-ecaa43be1829 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Tillamook Peoples Utility Dist Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Residential Sector: Residential Description: Source or reference: http://www.tpud.org/about_rates.html Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Seasonal/Monthly Demand Charge Structures

495

Data:4a04ccaa-8c79-4629-b109-71f30c3c6dc3 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ccaa-8c79-4629-b109-71f30c3c6dc3 ccaa-8c79-4629-b109-71f30c3c6dc3 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Woodruff Electric Coop Corp Effective date: 2012/10/24 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor lighting - Street Lights (Muncipal Owned) 1000 W HPS, Metal pole Sector: Lighting Description: To unmetered automatically controlled outdoor lighting service burning all night. Source or reference: Illinois State University Archive Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage

496

Data:8980c0d2-3c6d-473a-96ea-2dd523e36c65 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

d2-3c6d-473a-96ea-2dd523e36c65 d2-3c6d-473a-96ea-2dd523e36c65 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Consumers Energy Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Metered Existing Pole HPS 150 W Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: http://www.consumersenergy.coop/programs.php?pn=Security%20Lights&pl=securitylights Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring:

497

Data:5461483a-3dce-4e3c-94dc-1e0da50ccf93 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1483a-3dce-4e3c-94dc-1e0da50ccf93 1483a-3dce-4e3c-94dc-1e0da50ccf93 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Walton Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2006/06/01 End date if known: Rate name: Sec A 40 Watt 21 kWh Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: http://www.waltonemc.com/commercial/ Source Parent: Comments Monthly Charge= Controlled Energy Charge+ Continuous burning charge Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category:

498

Data:F7984013-dc01-448f-8e3c-16a302b33d1a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

dc01-448f-8e3c-16a302b33d1a dc01-448f-8e3c-16a302b33d1a No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Altamont, Kansas (Utility Company) Effective date: 2008/12/30 End date if known: Rate name: Residential Service Sector: Residential Description: Source or reference: Ted Binder 2 Source Parent: Comments Does not include the cost of electricity provided to the city of Altamont. Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category:

499

Data:Baa39015-3322-4095-b94f-e95209a3c61d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Baa39015-3322-4095-b94f-e95209a3c61d Baa39015-3322-4095-b94f-e95209a3c61d No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Salmon River Electric Coop Inc Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Single Phase Master Metered (Non Demand) RV Parks (1700-1799 local access) Sector: Residential Description: Service under this schedule is available to master-metered mobile home parks and recreational vehicle (RV) parks. The type of service provided under this schedule is single phase, at the standard voltage available for the premises to be served, supplied through one meter at one point of delivery.

500

Data:B37ad405-1bd7-40e7-9478-baf3c053a57e | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

05-1bd7-40e7-9478-baf3c053a57e 05-1bd7-40e7-9478-baf3c053a57e No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Algoma Utility Comm Effective date: 2008/05/28 End date if known: Rate name: Street Lighting Service - Option A - 100 W MH Sector: Lighting Description: Application: This schedule will be applied to municipal street lighting. Option A: Utility Owned and Maintained. Power Cost Adjustment Clause: Charge per all kWh varies monthly. See schedule PCAC. Note: HPS = High Pressure Sodium MH = Metal Halide Source or reference: http://www.algomautilities.com/media/Electric_Rate_Tariff_Sheets.pdf