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1

Development of a 400 Level 3C Clamped Downhole Seismic Receiver Array for 3D Borehole Seismic Imaging of Gas Reservoirs  

SciTech Connect

Borehole seismology is the highest resolution geophysical imaging technique available today to the oil and gas industry for characterization and monitoring of oil and gas reservoirs. However, the industry's ability to perform high resolution 3D imaging of deep and complex gas reservoirs using borehole seismology has been hampered by the lack of acquisition technology necessary to record large volumes of high frequency, high signal-to-noise-ratio borehole seismic data. This project took aim at this shortcoming by developing a 400 level 3C clamped downhole seismic receiver array, and accompanying software, for borehole seismic 3D imaging. This large borehole seismic array has removed the technical acquisition barrier for recording the data volumes necessary to do high resolution 3D VSP and 3D cross-well seismic imaging. Massive 3D VSP{reg_sign} and long range Cross-Well Seismology (CWS) are two of the borehole seismic techniques that promise to take the gas industry to the next level in their quest for higher resolution images of deep and complex oil and gas reservoirs. Today only a fraction of the oil or gas in place is produced when reservoirs are considered depleted. This is primarily due to our lack of understanding of detailed compartmentalization of oil and gas reservoirs. In this project, we developed a 400 level 3C borehole seismic receiver array that allows for economic use of 3D borehole seismic imaging for reservoir characterization and monitoring. This new array has significantly increased the efficiency of recording large data volumes at sufficiently dense spatial sampling to resolve reservoir complexities. The receiver pods have been fabricated and tested to withstand high temperature (200 C/400 F) and high pressure (25,000 psi), so that they can operate in wells up to 7,620 meters (25,000 feet) deep. The receiver array is deployed on standard production or drill tubing. In combination with 3C surface seismic or 3C borehole seismic sources, the 400 level receiver array can be used to obtain 3D 9C data. These 9C borehole seismic data provide both compressional wave and shear wave information that can be used for quantitative prediction of rock and pore fluid types. The 400-level borehole receiver array has been deployed successfully in a number of oil and gas wells during the course of this project, and each survey has resulted in marked improvements in imaging of geologic features that are critical for oil or gas production but were previously considered to be below the limits of seismic resolution. This added level of reservoir detail has resulted in improved well placement in the oil and gas fields that have been drilled using the Massive 3D VSP{reg_sign} images. In the future, the 400-level downhole seismic receiver array is expected to continue to improve reservoir characterization and drilling success in deep and complex oil and gas reservoirs.

Bjorn N. P. Paulsson

2006-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

2

ARM - Datastreams - mwr3c  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Datastreamsmwr3c Datastreamsmwr3c Documentation Data Quality Plots Citation DOI: 10.5439/1025248 [ What is this? ] Generate Citation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Datastream : MWR3C Microwave Radiometer, 3 Channel Active Dates 2011.01.11 - 2014.01.02 Measurement Categories Radiometric Originating Instrument Microwave Radiometer, 3 Channel (MWR3C) Measurements Only measurements considered scientifically relevant are shown below by default. Show all measurements Measurement Units Variable Altitude above mean sea level m alt Azimuth deg azimuth ( time ) Base time in Epoch seconds since 1970-1-1 0:00:00 0:00 base_time Elevation deg elevation ( time ) Hail accumulation hit/cm^2 hail_accumulation ( time )

3

3C Holding AG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Holding AG Holding AG Jump to: navigation, search Name 3C Holding AG Place Bad Vilbel/Frankfurt am Main, Germany Zip 61118 Sector Services Product 3C Holding AG develops trading strategies for EU allowances, JI/CDM Projects and climate neutral events, products and services. Merged with Factor Consulting to form First Climate. References 3C Holding AG[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. 3C Holding AG is a company located in Bad Vilbel/Frankfurt am Main, Germany . References ↑ "3C Holding AG" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=3C_Holding_AG&oldid=341624" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs

4

AOCS Official Method Ca 3c-01  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Detection of a Volatile Organic Contaminant by GC-MS AOCS Official Method Ca 3c-01 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads DEFINITION This method describes the dete

5

AOCS Official Method Cd 3c-91  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Saponification Value Modified Method Using Methanol AOCS Official Method Cd 3c-91 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads DEFINITION The saponification value is the

6

Climate Zone 3C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

C C Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 3 and Climate Zone Subtype C. Climate Zone 3C is defined as Warm - Marine with IP Units CDD50ºF ≤ 4500 AND HDD65ºF ≤ 3600 and SI Units CDD10ºC ≤ 2500 AND HDD18ºC ≤ 2000 . The following places are categorized as class 3C climate zones: Alameda County, California Marin County, California Mendocino County, California Monterey County, California Napa County, California San Benito County, California San Francisco County, California San Luis Obispo County, California San Mateo County, California Santa Barbara County, California Santa Clara County, California Santa Cruz County, California Sonoma County, California Ventura County, California

7

Fiber optic moisture sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for sensing moisture changes by utilizing optical fiber technology. One embodiment uses a reflective target at the end of an optical fiber. The reflectance of the target varies with its moisture content and can be detected by a remote unit at the opposite end of the fiber. A second embodiment utilizes changes in light loss along the fiber length. This can be attributed to changes in reflectance of cladding material as a function of its moisture content. It can also be affected by holes or inserts interposed in the cladding material and/or fiber. Changing light levels can also be coupled from one fiber to another in an assembly of fibers as a function of varying moisture content in their overlapping lengths of cladding material.

Kirkham, R.R.

1984-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

8

STRUCTUREu DITERPENE ELUCIDATION FROM 1 3 C NMR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STRUCTUREu DITERPENE ELUCIDATION FROM 1 3 C NMR SPECTRA WITH INDUCTIVE LOGIC PROGRAMMING SASÏ O DZÏ Programming (ILP) to the problem of diterpene structure elucidation from 1 3 C NMR spectra. Diterpenes pharmaceutical e ectors. The interpretation of diterpene 1 3 C NMR spectra normally requires specialists

Dzeroski, Saso

9

Level  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

7 at level 3 (FHEQ level 6) and the rest at level M (FHEQ level 7) 4. Other entry N/A Credit Level awards (if applicable): 5. Exit Awards: PGDip Advanced Computer Science 120 credits with not more than 30 credits at level 3 (FHEQ level 6) and the rest at level M (FHEQ level 7) Credit

Programme Csad

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Level  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

7 at level 3 (FHEQ level 6) and the rest at level M (FHEQ level 7) 4. Other entry N/A Credit Level awards (if applicable): 5. Exit Awards: PGDip Computer Science 120 credits with not more than 30 credits at level 3 (FHEQ level 6) and the rest at level M (FHEQ level 7) Credit

unknown authors

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Enhanced radiation resistant fiber optics  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for producing an optical fiber having enhanced radiation resitance is provided, the process including maintaining an optical fiber within a hydrogen-containing atmosphere for sufficient time to yield a hydrogen-permeated optical fiber having an elevated internal hydrogen concentration, and irradiating the hydrogen-permeated optical fiber at a time while the optical fiber has an elevated internal hydrogen concentration with a source of ionizing radiation. The radiation source is typically a cobalt-60 source and the fiber is pre-irradiated with a dose level up to about 1000 kilorads of radiation.

Lyons, P.B.; Looney, L.D.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

12

Level  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

7 180 credits with not more than 30 credits at level 3 (FHEQ level 6) and the rest at level M (FHEQ level 7) 4. Other entry N/A Credit Level awards (if applicable): 5. Exit Awards: PGDip in Advanced Computer Science with

Programme Csci

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Fiber optic detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is comprised of a portable fiber optic detector that senses the presence of specific target chemicals by exchanging the target chemical for a fluorescently-tagged antigen that is bound to an antibody which is in turn attached to an optical fiber. Replacing the fluorescently-tagged antigen reduces the fluorescence so that a photon sensing detector records the reduced light level and activates an appropriate alarm or indicator.

Partin, J.K.; Ward, T.E.; Grey, A.E.

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

14

3C 216: A Powerful FRII Seyfert 1 Galaxy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3C 216 has a weak accretion flow luminosity, well below the Seyfert1/QSO dividing line, weak broad emission lines (BELs) and powerful radio lobes. As a consequence of the extreme properties of 3C 216, it is the most convincing example known of an FR II radio source that is kinetically dominated: the jet kinetic luminosity, $Q$, is larger than the total thermal luminosity (IR to X-ray) of the accretion flow, $L_{bol}$. Using three independent estimators for the central black hole mass, we find that the jet in 3C 216 is very super-Eddington, $3.3 L_{Edd}1$, either presently or in the past based on the rarity of $L_{bol}>L_{Edd}$ quasars. The existence of $R(t)>1$ AGN is a strong constraint on the theory of the central engine of FRII radio sources.

Brian Punsly

2006-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

15

X-Ray Sources Overdensity Around 3C 295  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a statistical analysis of the Chandra observation of the source field around the 3C 295 galaxy cluster ($z=0.46$). Three different methods of analysis, namely a chip by chip logN-logS, a two dimentional Kolmogorov-Smirnov (KS) test, and the angular correlation function (ACF) show a strong overdensity of sources in the North-East of the field, that may indicate a filament of the large scale structure of the Universe toward 3C 295.

V. D'Elia; F. Fiore; M. Elvis; M. Cappi; S. Mathur; P. Mazzotta; E. Falco

2003-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

16

/sup 14/CO/sub 2/ incorporation into C/sub 4/ acids by leaves of the C/sub 3/-C/sub 4/ intermediate species, Moricandia arvensis and Panicum milioides, at Gamma-levels of CO/sub 2/  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The crucifer M. arvensis is a species with photorespiratory characteristics intermediate between C/sub 3/ and C/sub 4/ plants. Although the precise mechanism promoting decreased photorespiration has yet to be elucidated, evidence to date disfavors participation of C/sub 4/ metabolism. In order to conclusively assess the possible contribution, if any, of limited C/sub 4/ metabolism to the reduction of photorespiration, detached leaves of M. arvensis and M. moricandioides (C/sub 3/) were labeled with /sup 14/CO/sub 2/. When M. arvensis was illuminated and pulsed for 10 s the amount of label in malate increased from 4.5% of total soluble dpm fixed at 21% O/sub 2/ and 340 ..mu..l/l CO/sub 2/ to 10.3% at 20 ..mu..l/l. A two-fold increase was also evident for aspartate (from 2.9% to 6.5%). The C/sub 3/ Moricandia species failed to show a similar response to decreased CO/sub 2/. The physiological significance of the increase in C/sub 4/ acid-labeling which occurred in the intermediate species will be investigated by pulse-chase analyses of C/sub 4/ acids and glycine. Similar data for Panicum milioides (C/sub 3/-C/sub 4/) will also be presented.

Chastain, C.J.; Chollet, R.

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Microwave Radiometer 3 Channel (MWR3C) Handbook  

SciTech Connect

The microwave radiometer 3-channel (MWR3C) provides time-series measurements of brightness temperatures from three channels centered at 23.834, 30, and 89 GHz. These three channels are sensitive to the presence of liquid water and precipitable water vapor.

Cadeddu, MP

2012-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

18

Stage 3c: Developing and Assessing Low Emissions Development Scenarios |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Stage 3c: Developing and Assessing Low Emissions Development Scenarios Stage 3c: Developing and Assessing Low Emissions Development Scenarios Jump to: navigation, search Stage 3 LEDS Home Introduction to Framework Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities Develop_BAU Stage 4: Prioritizing and Planning for Actions Begin execution of implementation plans 1.0. Organizing the LEDS Process 1.1. Institutional Structure for LEDS 1.2. Workplan to Develop the LEDS 1.3. Roles and responsibilities to develop LEDS 2.1. Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities 2.2. Compile lessons learned and good practices from ongoing and previous sustainable development efforts in the country 2.3. Assess public and private sector capacity to support initiatives 2.4. Assess and improve the national GHG inventory and other

19

The Effect of Grain Size and Phosphorous-doping of Polycrystalline 3C-SiC on Infrared Reflectance Spectra  

SciTech Connect

The effect of P-doping and grain size of polycrystalline 3C-SiC on the infrared reflectance spectra is reported. The relationship between grain size and full width at half maximum (FWHM) suggest that the behaviour of the 3C-SiC with the highest phosphorous doping level (of 1.2 x 10{sup 19} at. cm{sup -3}) is different from those with lower doping levels (< 6.6 x 10{sup 18} at. cm{sup -3}). It is also further demonstrated that the plasma resonance frequency (w{sub p}) is not influenced by the grain size.

I. J. van Rooyen; J. A. A. Engelbrecht; A. Henry; E. Janzen; J. H. Neethling; P. M. van Rooyen

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Module Title: Telecommunications Code: EE3C5 Level: Junior Sophister Credits: 5 Prerequisites: None  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Power consumption modeling in optical multilayer networks Ward Van Heddeghem, Filip Idzikowski, Germany Abstract -- The evaluation and reduction of energy consumption of backbone telecommunication in these studies is the power consumption of the individual network devices. It appears that across different

O'Mahony, Donal E.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Drying of fiber webs  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process and an apparatus for high-intensity drying of fiber webs or sheets, such as newsprint, printing and writing papers, packaging paper, and paperboard or linerboard, as they are formed on a paper machine. The invention uses direct contact between the wet fiber web or sheet and various molten heat transfer fluids, such as liquified eutectic metal alloys, to impart heat at high rates over prolonged durations, in order to achieve ambient boiling of moisture contained within the web. The molten fluid contact process causes steam vapor to emanate from the web surface, without dilution by ambient air; and it is differentiated from the evaporative drying techniques of the prior industrial art, which depend on the uses of steam-heated cylinders to supply heat to the paper web surface, and ambient air to carry away moisture, which is evaporated from the web surface. Contact between the wet fiber web and the molten fluid can be accomplished either by submersing the web within a molten bath or by coating the surface of the web with the molten media. Because of the high interfacial surface tension between the molten media and the cellulose fiber comprising the paper web, the molten media does not appreciately stick to the paper after it is dried. Steam generated from the paper web is collected and condensed without dilution by ambient air to allow heat recovery at significantly higher temperature levels than attainable in evaporative dryers.

Warren, David W. (9253 Glenoaks Blvd., Sun Valley, CA 91352)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Drying of fiber webs  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process and an apparatus are disclosed for high-intensity drying of fiber webs or sheets, such as newsprint, printing and writing papers, packaging paper, and paperboard or linerboard, as they are formed on a paper machine. The invention uses direct contact between the wet fiber web or sheet and various molten heat transfer fluids, such as liquefied eutectic metal alloys, to impart heat at high rates over prolonged durations, in order to achieve ambient boiling of moisture contained within the web. The molten fluid contact process causes steam vapor to emanate from the web surface, without dilution by ambient air; and it is differentiated from the evaporative drying techniques of the prior industrial art, which depend on the uses of steam-heated cylinders to supply heat to the paper web surface, and ambient air to carry away moisture, which is evaporated from the web surface. Contact between the wet fiber web and the molten fluid can be accomplished either by submersing the web within a molten bath or by coating the surface of the web with the molten media. Because of the high interfacial surface tension between the molten media and the cellulose fiber comprising the paper web, the molten media does not appreciatively stick to the paper after it is dried. Steam generated from the paper web is collected and condensed without dilution by ambient air to allow heat recovery at significantly higher temperature levels than attainable in evaporative dryers. 6 figs.

Warren, D.W.

1997-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

23

Polyethylene fiber drawing optimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Polymer fiber drawing creates fibers with enhanced thermal conductivity and strength compared to bulk polymer because drawing aligns the molecular chains. I optimize the polymer fiber drawing method in order to achieve ...

Chiloyan, Vazrik

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Multimaterial acoustic fibers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The emergence of multimaterial fibers that combine a multiplicity of solid materials with disparate electrical, optical, and mechanical properties into a single fiber presents new opportunities for extending fiber applications ...

Chocat, Nomie

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Overdensity of X-Ray sources near 3C 295: a candidate filament  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a statistical analysis of the Chandra observation of the source field around the 3C 295 galaxy cluster (z=0.46) aimed at the search for clustering of X-ray sources. Three different methods of analysis, namely a chip by chip logN-logS, a two dimensional Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, and the angular correlation function (ACF) show a strong overdensity of sources in the North-East of the field. In particular, the ACF shows a clear signal on scales of 0.5 - 5 arcmin. This correlation angle is > 2 times higher than that of a sample of 8 ACIS-I field at the 2.5 sigma confidence level. If this overdensity is spatially associated to the cluster, we are observing a 'filament' of the large scale structure of the Universe. We discuss some first results that seem to indicate such an association.

V. D'Elia; F. Fiore; F. Cocchia

2004-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

26

Data:B54b21de-3c63-405a-9ea9-f152c09b3c13 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b21de-3c63-405a-9ea9-f152c09b3c13 b21de-3c63-405a-9ea9-f152c09b3c13 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Rockwood, Tennessee (Utility Company) Effective date: 2012/12/01 End date if known: Rate name: Residential Sector: Residential Description: "applies only to electric service to a single-family dwelling and its appurtenances, where the major use of electricity is for domestic purposes such as lighting, household appliances, and the personal comfort and convenience of those residing therein..." Source or reference: http://www.rockwoodelectric.com/rates.asp

27

V-010: 3Com, HP, and H3C Switches SNMP Configuration Lets Remote Users Take  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

10: 3Com, HP, and H3C Switches SNMP Configuration Lets Remote 10: 3Com, HP, and H3C Switches SNMP Configuration Lets Remote Users Take Administrative Actions V-010: 3Com, HP, and H3C Switches SNMP Configuration Lets Remote Users Take Administrative Actions October 25, 2012 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: 3Com, HP, and H3C Switches SNMP Configuration Lets Remote Users Take Administrative Actions PLATFORM: 3COM, and H3C Routers & Switches Specific products and model numbers is provided in the vendor's advisory. ABSTRACT: A vulnerability was reported in 3Com, HP, and H3C Switches. REFERENCE LINKS: HP Support document ID: c03515685 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1027694 CVE-2012-3268 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High DISCUSSION: A remote user with knowledge of the SNMP public community string can access potentially sensitive data (e.g., user names, passwords) in the

28

Quantum wells on 3C-SiC/NH-SiC heterojunctions. Calculation of spontaneous polarization and electric field strength in experiments  

SciTech Connect

The results of experiments with quantum wells on 3C-SiC/4H-SiC and 3C-SiC/6H-SiC heterojunctions obtained by various methods are reconsidered. Spontaneous polarizations, field strengths, and energies of local levels in quantum wells on 3C-SiC/NH-SiC heterojunctions were calculated within a unified model. The values obtained are in agreement with the results of all considered experiments. Heterojunction types are determined. Approximations for valence band offsets on heterojunctions between silicon carbide polytypes and the expression for calculating local levels in quantum wells on the 3C-SiC/NH-SiC heterojunction are presented. The spontaneous polarizations and field strengths induced by spontaneous polarization on 3C-SiC/4H-SiC and 3C-SiC/6H-SiC heterojunctions were calculated as 0.71 and 0.47 C/m{sup 2} and 0.825 and 0.55 MV/cm, respectively.

Sbruev, I. S.; Sbruev, S. B., E-mail: science@yandex.ru [Moscow Aviation Institute (Russian Federation)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

29

Low Cost Carbon Fiber.pub  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Fiber Production Carbon Fiber Production Carbon Fiber Manufacturing Cost Modeling Oak Ridge National Laboratory managed by UT-Battelle, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract number DE-AC05-00OR22725 Research Areas Freight Flows Passenger Flows Supply Chain Efficiency Transportation: Energy Environment Safety Security Vehicle Technologies Research Brief Background The automotive industry has long been identified by carbon fiber manufacturers as a market with substantial growth potential. When manufactured with carbon fiber as opposed to traditional materials such as steel, automotive parts are able to achieve requisite levels of strength and stiffness with significantly less overall vehicle weight. These potential large reductions in vehicle weight, in turn, afford the

30

Ceramic fiber reinforced filter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A filter for removing particulate matter from high temperature flowing fluids, and in particular gases, that is reinforced with ceramic fibers. The filter has a ceramic base fiber material in the form of a fabric, felt, paper of the like, with the refractory fibers thereof coated with a thin layer of a protective and bonding refractory applied by chemical vapor deposition techniques. This coating causes each fiber to be physically joined to adjoining fibers so as to prevent movement of the fibers during use and to increase the strength and toughness of the composite filter. Further, the coating can be selected to minimize any reactions between the constituents of the fluids and the fibers. A description is given of the formation of a composite filter using a felt preform of commercial silicon carbide fibers together with the coating of these fibers with pure silicon carbide. Filter efficiency approaching 100% has been demonstrated with these filters. The fiber base material is alternately made from aluminosilicate fibers, zirconia fibers and alumina fibers. Coating with Al.sub.2 O.sub.3 is also described. Advanced configurations for the composite filter are suggested.

Stinton, David P. (Knoxville, TN); McLaughlin, Jerry C. (Oak Ridge, TN); Lowden, Richard A. (Powell, TN)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Data:4f8c086e-5380-4b3c-9de8-d3c40bec473c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

e-5380-4b3c-9de8-d3c40bec473c e-5380-4b3c-9de8-d3c40bec473c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Reedsburg Utility Comm Effective date: 2011/06/01 End date if known: Rate name: Gs-2 General Service Single Phase Optional Time-of-Day 8am-8pm with Parallel Generation(20kW or less) Sector: Commercial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0785 per kilowatt-hour.

32

Data:E91145e4-aad5-41d0-98ba-b697d3c3c52a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

aad5-41d0-98ba-b697d3c3c52a aad5-41d0-98ba-b697d3c3c52a No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Hustisford Utilities Effective date: 2008/09/30 End date if known: Rate name: Cp-2 Large Power Service above 200kW Demand Time-of-Day Service with Parallel Generation(20kW or less) Sector: Industrial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0720 per kilowatt-hour.

33

Data:6424cc68-aa3c-42aa-ad29-b80ed6e62e3c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

8-aa3c-42aa-ad29-b80ed6e62e3c 8-aa3c-42aa-ad29-b80ed6e62e3c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Village of Prairie Du Sac, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2006/06/15 End date if known: Rate name: Cp-2 Large Power Time-of-Day Service Primary Metering & Transformer Ownership Discount with Parallel Generation(20kW or less) Sector: Industrial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0583 per kilowatt-hour.

34

Data:34702ed8-2f91-4f3c-af4a-a423d3c483ad | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ed8-2f91-4f3c-af4a-a423d3c483ad ed8-2f91-4f3c-af4a-a423d3c483ad No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Wheat Belt Public Power Dist Effective date: 2013/04/01 End date if known: Rate name: Large Power (C-1) Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: http://www.wheatbelt.com/uploaded/pdf/13572235352013RSC-1.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

35

Data:Fd677d3c-5c3c-4a0c-a499-9eac124aadbc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

d3c-5c3c-4a0c-a499-9eac124aadbc d3c-5c3c-4a0c-a499-9eac124aadbc No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Entergy Louisiana Inc Effective date: 2006/01/31 End date if known: Rate name: RIDER TO SCHEDULE LIPS Sector: Industrial Description: This Rider Schedule is applicable, subject to the terms and conditions hereinafter set forth, to additional service in conjunction with Firm Power Service to Customer under Rate Schedule LIPS, when prearrangement has been made for the installation of facilities of adequate capacity and suitable phase and voltage adjacent to the premises to be served. All service is supplied at one location and at the voltage prescribed in Rate Schedule LIPS so as to permit delivery and metering of the total service at a single point of delivery and by a single metering installation

36

Fiber bundle fluorescence endomicroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An improved design for fiber bundle fluorescence endomicroscopy is demonstrated. Scanned illumination and detection using coherent fiber bundles with 30,000 elements with 3 ?m resolution enables high speed imaging with ...

Tsai, Tsung-Han

37

Conducting fiber compression tester  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention measures the resistance across a conductive fiber attached to a substrate place under a compressive load to determine the amount of compression needed to cause the fiber to fail. 3 figs.

DeTeresa, S.J.

1989-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

38

Omnidirectional fiber optic tiltmeter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A tiltmeter is provided which is useful in detecting very small movements such as earth tides. The device comprises a single optical fiber, and an associated weight affixed thereto, suspended from a support to form a pendulum. A light source, e.g., a light emitting diode, mounted on the support transmits light through the optical fiber to a group of further optical fibers located adjacent to but spaced from the free end of the single optical fiber so that displacement of the single optical fiber with respect to the group will result in a change in the amount of light received by the individual optical fibers of the group. Photodetectors individually connectd to the fibers produce corresponding electrical outputs which are differentially compared and processed to produce a resultant continuous analog output representative of the amount and direction of displacement of the single optical fiber.

Benjamin, B.C.; Miller, H.M.

1983-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

39

Archive Reference Buildings by Climate Zone: 3C San Francisco, California |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

C San Francisco, C San Francisco, California Archive Reference Buildings by Climate Zone: 3C San Francisco, California Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available. You can download ZIP files that contain the following: An EnergyPlus software input file (.idf) An html file showing the results from the EnergyPlus simulation (.html) A spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location (.xls) The EnergyPlus TMY2 weather file (.epw). benchmark-v1.0_3.0-3c_ca_san_francisco.zip benchmark-v1.1_3.1-3c_usa_ca_san_francisco.zip benchmark-new-v1.2_4.0-3c_usa_ca_san_francisco.zip

40

Table 8.3c Useful Thermal Output at Combined-Heat-and-Power ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table 8.3c Useful Thermal Output at Combined-Heat-and-Power Plants: Commercial and Industrial Sectors, 1989-2011 (Subset of Table 8.3a; Trillion ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Spare parts list for B83-0, Type 3C, Issue G  

SciTech Connect

This report is a table listing spare parts for the B83-0 type 3C. An explanation for information in each column is given. This issue supersedes Issue F, dated March 22, 1985.

1987-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

42

Fiber optic monitoring device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device for the purpose of monitoring light transmissions in optical fibers comprises a fiber optic tap that optically diverts a fraction of a transmitted optical signal without disrupting the integrity of the signal. The diverted signal is carried, preferably by the fiber optic tap, to a lens or lens system that disperses the light over a solid angle that facilitates viewing. The dispersed light indicates whether or not the monitored optical fiber or system of optical fibers is currently transmitting optical information. 4 figures.

Samborsky, J.K.

1993-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

43

Fiber optic monitoring device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is comprised of a device for the purpose of monitoring light transmissions in optical fibers comprises a fiber optic tap that optically diverts a fraction of a transmitted optical signal without disrupting the integrity of the signal. The diverted signal is carried, preferably by the fiber optic tap, to a lens or lens system that disperses the light over a solid angle that facilitates viewing. The dispersed light indicates whether or not the monitored optical fiber or system of optical fibers is currently transmitting optical information.

Samborsky, J.K.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

44

Fiber coating method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A coating is applied to reinforcing fibers arranged into a tow by coaxially aligning the tow with an adjacent separation layer and winding or wrapping the tow and separation layer onto a support structure in an interleaved manner so that the separation layer separates a wrap of the tow from an adjacent wrap of the tow. A coating can then be uniformly applied to the reinforcing fibers without defects caused by fiber tow to fiber tow contact. The separation layer can be a carbon fiber veil.

Corman, Gregory Scot (Ballston Lake, NY)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Fiber coating method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A coating is applied to reinforcing fibers arranged into a tow by coaxially aligning the tow with an adjacent separation layer and winding or wrapping the tow and separation layer onto a support structure in an interleaved manner so that the separation layer separates a wrap of the tow from an adjacent wrap of the tow. A coating can then be uniformly applied to the reinforcing fibers without defects caused by fiber tow to fiber tow contact. The separation layer can be a carbon fiber veil.

Corman, Gregory Scot (Ballston Lake, NY)

2003-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

46

Fiber optic laser rod  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A laser rod is formed from a plurality of optical fibers, each forming an individual laser. Synchronization of the individual fiber lasers is obtained by evanescent wave coupling between adjacent optical fiber cores. The fiber cores are dye-doped and spaced at a distance appropriate for evanescent wave coupling at the wavelength of the selected dye. An interstitial material having an index of refraction lower than that of the fiber core provides the optical isolation for effective lasing action while maintaining the cores at the appropriate coupling distance. 2 figs.

Erickson, G.F.

1988-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

47

Data:3c461b87-cdf8-4a2c-afbe-0021e556ef3c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

c461b87-cdf8-4a2c-afbe-0021e556ef3c c461b87-cdf8-4a2c-afbe-0021e556ef3c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Schuyler, Nebraska (Utility Company) Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Irrigation Service- No Control (Less than 10 Hp) Sector: Commercial Description: The irrigation season is generally seven months, between March 15 and October 14. The Department of Utilities may disconnect the transformers between October 15 and March 14 to reduce power loss. At locations where the Department has provided facilities for irrigation service, the Customer may use the

48

Data:1189a3c9-6707-4a3c-88f1-d325851b41eb | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

c9-6707-4a3c-88f1-d325851b41eb c9-6707-4a3c-88f1-d325851b41eb No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Village of Bethel, Ohio (Utility Company) Effective date: 2012/02/01 End date if known: Rate name: Commercial- Three Phase Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: Binder #5B (Illinois State University) Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

49

Adaptive elastic properties of chromatin fiber  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chromatin is a complex of DNA and specific proteins forming an intermediary level of organization of eukaryotic genomes, between double-stranded DNA and chromosome. Within a generic modeling of the chromatin assembly, we investigate the interplay between the mechanical properties of the chromatin fiber and its biological functions. A quantitative step is to relate the mechanics at the DNA level and the mechanics described at the chromatin fiber level. It allows to calculate the complete set of chromatin elastic constants (twist and bend persistence lengths, stretch modulus and twist-stretch coupling constant), in terms of DNA elastic properties and geometric features of the fiber. These elastic constants are strongly sensitive to the local architecture of the fiber and we argue that this tunable elasticity might be a key feature in chromatin functions, for instance in the initiation and regulation of transcription. Moreover, this analysis provides a framework to interpret micromanipulations studies of chromatin fiber and suggests further experiments involving intercalators to scan the tunable elasticity of the fiber.

Eli Ben-Ham; Annick Lesne; Jean-Marc Victor

2002-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

50

Fiber optic moisture sensor with moisture-absorbing reflective target  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for sensing moisture changes by utilizing optical fiber technology. One embodiment uses a reflective target at the end of an optical fiber. The reflectance of the target varies with its moisture content and can be detected by a remote unit at the opposite end of the fiber. A second embodiment utilizes changes in light loss along the fiber length. This can be attributed to changes in reflectance of cladding material as a function of its moisture content. It can also be affected by holes or inserts interposed in the cladding material and/or fiber. Changing light levels can also be coupled from one fiber to another in an assembly of fibers as a function of varying moisture content in their overlapping lengths of cladding material.

Kirkham, Randy R. (Richland, WA)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Systems Analysis of an Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycle Based on a Modified UREX+3c Process  

SciTech Connect

The research described in this report was performed under a grant from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to describe and compare the merits of two advanced alternative nuclear fuel cycles -- named by this study as the UREX+3c fuel cycle and the Alternative Fuel Cycle (AFC). Both fuel cycles were assumed to support 100 1,000 MWe light water reactor (LWR) nuclear power plants operating over the period 2020 through 2100, and the fast reactors (FRs) necessary to burn the plutonium and minor actinides generated by the LWRs. Reprocessing in both fuel cycles is assumed to be based on the UREX+3c process reported in earlier work by the DOE. Conceptually, the UREX+3c process provides nearly complete separation of the various components of spent nuclear fuel in order to enable recycle of reusable nuclear materials, and the storage, conversion, transmutation and/or disposal of other recovered components. Output of the process contains substantially all of the plutonium, which is recovered as a 5:1 uranium/plutonium mixture, in order to discourage plutonium diversion. Mixed oxide (MOX) fuel for recycle in LWRs is made using this 5:1 U/Pu mixture plus appropriate makeup uranium. A second process output contains all of the recovered uranium except the uranium in the 5:1 U/Pu mixture. The several other process outputs are various waste streams, including a stream of minor actinides that are stored until they are consumed in future FRs. For this study, the UREX+3c fuel cycle is assumed to recycle only the 5:1 U/Pu mixture to be used in LWR MOX fuel and to use depleted uranium (tails) for the makeup uranium. This fuel cycle is assumed not to use the recovered uranium output stream but to discard it instead. On the other hand, the AFC is assumed to recycle both the 5:1 U/Pu mixture and all of the recovered uranium. In this case, the recovered uranium is reenriched with the level of enrichment being determined by the amount of recovered plutonium and the combined amount of the resulting MOX. The study considered two sub-cases within each of the two fuel cycles in which the uranium and plutonium from the first generation of MOX spent fuel (i) would not be recycled to produce a second generation of MOX for use in LWRs or (ii) would be recycled to produce a second generation of MOX fuel for use in LWRs. The study also investigated the effects of recycling MOX spent fuel multiple times in LWRs. The study assumed that both fuel cycles would store and then reprocess spent MOX fuel that is not recycled to produce a next generation of LWR MOX fuel and would use the recovered products to produce FR fuel. The study further assumed that FRs would begin to be brought on-line in 2043, eleven years after recycle begins in LWRs, when products from 5-year cooled spent MOX fuel would be available. Fuel for the FRs would be made using the uranium, plutonium, and minor actinides recovered from MOX. For the cases where LWR fuel was assumed to be recycled one time, the 1st generation of MOX spent fuel was used to provide nuclear materials for production of FR fuel. For the cases where the LWR fuel was assumed to be recycled two times, the 2nd generation of MOX spent fuel was used to provide nuclear materials for production of FR fuel. The number of FRs in operation was assumed to increase in successive years until the rate that actinides were recovered from permanently discharged spent MOX fuel equaled the rate the actinides were consumed by the operating fleet of FRs. To compare the two fuel cycles, the study analyzed recycle of nuclear fuel in LWRs and FRs and determined the radiological characteristics of irradiated nuclear fuel, nuclear waste products, and recycle nuclear fuels. It also developed a model to simulate the flows of nuclear materials that could occur in the two advanced nuclear fuel cycles over 81 years beginning in 2020 and ending in 2100. Simulations projected the flows of uranium, plutonium, and minor actinides as these nuclear fuel materials were produced and consumed in a fleet of 100 1,000 MWe LWRs and in FRs. The model als

E. R. Johnson; R. E. Best

2009-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

52

The faint X-ray Source Population near 3C 295  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a statistical analysis of the Chandra observation of the source field around the 3C 295 galaxy cluster (z=0.46) aimed at the search for clustering of X-ray sources. We applied three different methods of analysis, all suggesting a strong clustering in the field on scales of a few arcmin. In particular 1) the logN-logS computed separately for the four ACIS-I chips reveals that there is a significant (3.2 sigma in the 0.5-2 keV, 3.3 sigma in the 2-10 keV and 4.0 sigma in the 0.5-10 keV band) excess of sources to the North-North East and a void to the South of the central cluster. 2) the two point, two-dimensional Kolmogorov-Smirnov (KS) test, shows the probability that the sources are uniformly distributed is only a few percent. 3) a strong spatial correlation emerges from the study of the angular correlation function of the field: the angular correlation function (ACF) shows a clear signal on scales of 0.5 - 5 arcmin, correlation angle in the 0.5-7 keV band theta = 8.5^{+6.5}_{-4.5}, 90% confidence limit (assuming a power law ACF with slope gamma=1.8). This correlation angle is 2 times higher than that of a sample of 8 ACIS-I field at the 2.5 sigma confidence level. The above scales translate to 0.2 - 2 Mpc at the cluster redshift, higher than the typical cluster core radius, and more similar to the size of a ``filament'' of the large scale structure.

Valerio D'Elia; Fabrizio Fiore; Martin Elvis; Massimo Cappi; Smita Mathur; Pasquale Mazzotta; Emilio Falco; Filomena Cocchia

2004-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

53

Tuning Band Gap Energies in Pb3(C6X6) Extended Solid-State Structures  

SciTech Connect

A detailed plane-wave density functional theory investigation of the solid-state properties of the extended organometallic system Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}X{sub 6} for X = O, S, Se, and Te has been performed. Initial geometry parameters for the Pb-X and C-X bond distances were obtained from optimized calculations on molecular fragment models. The Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}X{sub 6} extended solid molecular structures were constructed in the space group P6/mmm on the basis of the known structure for X = S. Ground-state geometries, band gap energies, densities of states, and charge densities were calculated with the PBE-generalized gradient exchange-correlation functional and the HSE06 hybrid exchange-correlation functional. The PBE band gap energies were found to be lower than the HSE06 values by >0.7 eV. The band energies at points of high symmetry along the first Brillouin zone in the crystal were larger than the overall band gap of the system. Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}O{sub 6} was predicted to be a direct semiconductor ({Lambda} point) with a PBE band gap of 0.28 eV and an HSE06 band gap of 1.06 eV. Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}S{sub 6} and Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}Se{sub 6} were predicted to have indirect band gaps. The PBE band gap for Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}S{sub 6} was 0.98 eV, and the HSE06 band gap was 1.91 eV. The HSE06 value is in good agreement with the experimentally observed band gap of 1.7 eV. Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}Se{sub 6} has a PBE band gap of 0.56 eV and a HSE06 band gap of 1.41 eV. Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}Te{sub 6} was predicted to be metallic with both of the PBE and HSE06 functionals. A detailed analysis of the PBE band structure and partial density of states at two points before and after the metallic behavior reveals a change in orbital character indicative of band crossing in Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}Te{sub 6}. These results show that the band gap energies can be fine-tuned by changing the substituent X atom.

Stott, Amanda C.; Vaid, Thomas P.; Bylaska, Eric J.; Dixon, David A.

2012-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

54

Fiber composite flywheel rim  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A flywheel comprising a hub having at least one radially projecting disc, an annular rim secured to said disc and providing a surface circumferential to said hub, a first plurality of resin-impregnated fibers wound about said rim congruent to said surface, and a shell enclosing said first plurality of fibers and formed by a second plurality of resin-impregnated fibers wound about said rim tangentially to said surface. 2 figs.

Davis, D.E.; Ingham, K.T.

1987-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

55

Fiber composite flywheel rim  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A flywheel 2 comprising a hub 4 having at least one radially projecting disc 6, an annular rim 14 secured to said disc and providing a surface circumferential to said hub, a first plurality of resin-impregnated fibers 22 wound about said rim congruent to said surface, and a shell 26 enclosing said first plurality of fibers and formed by a second plurality of resin-impregnated fibers wound about said rim tangentially to said surface.

Davis, Donald E. (Thousand Oaks, CA); Ingham, Kenneth T. (Woodland Hills, CA)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Carbon Fiber Electronic Interconnects.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Carbon fiber is an emerging material in electrical and electronics industry. It has been used as contact in many applications, such as switch, potentiometer, and (more)

Deng, Yuliang

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

The Faint X-ray Source Population Near the 3C 295 cluster  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a statistical analysis of the Chandra observation of the source field around the 3C 295 galaxy cluster (z=0.46). Three different methods of analysis, namely a chip by chip logN-logS, a two dimentional Kolmogorov-Smirnov (KS) test, and the angular correlation function (ACF) show a strong overdensity of sources in the North-East of the field, that may indicate a filament of the large scale structure of the Universe toward 3C 295.

V. D'Elia; F. Fiore; M. Elvis; M. Cappi; S. Mathur; P. Mazzotta; E. Falco; F. Cocchia

2004-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

58

Fe/Al2O3 C2H4 Hata mm/10 min  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fe/Al2O3 C2H4 () () () () () () () * () 1. (SWNT) SWNT (CVD) (CNT)[1] Hata mm/10 min SWNT (Super Growth)[2]Al2O3 Fe C2H4 SWNT Fe/Al2O3 C2H4 CVD SWNT CNT CNT 2 SiO2 Al2O3 20 (RBM) 1350 cm-1 (D-Band)Fe G/D RBM Fe SWNT Al 15 nm Fe 0.6 nm CVD TEM Fig. 3 3 nm SWNT

Maruyama, Shigeo

59

Data:3c67a7c1-9c44-435c-9c3c-70daeb652095 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

7a7c1-9c44-435c-9c3c-70daeb652095 7a7c1-9c44-435c-9c3c-70daeb652095 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Cumberland, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2006/03/15 End date if known: Rate name: Cp-2 Large Power Service above 200kW Demand transformer Ownership Discount with Parallel Generation(20 kW or less)-Net Energy Billing Sector: Industrial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0294per kilowatt-hour.

60

A 3D-3C Reflection Seismic Survey and Data Integration to Identify the  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

D-3C Reflection Seismic Survey and Data Integration to Identify the D-3C Reflection Seismic Survey and Data Integration to Identify the Seismic Response of Fractures and Permeable Zones Over a Known Geothermal Resource at Soda Lake, Churchill Co., NV Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title A 3D-3C Reflection Seismic Survey and Data Integration to Identify the Seismic Response of Fractures and Permeable Zones Over a Known Geothermal Resource at Soda Lake, Churchill Co., NV Project Type / Topic 1 Recovery Act: Geothermal Technologies Program Project Type / Topic 2 Validation of Innovative Exploration Technologies Project Description The Soda Lake geothermal field is an ideal setting to test the applicability of the 3D-3C reflection seismic method because: it is a producing field with a great deal of geologic and drilling data already available; it is in an alluvial valley where the subsurface structures that carry the geothermal fluids have no surface manifestations; and, there are downhole geophysical logs of fractures and permeable zones that can be used to ground-truth the new data.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

ROLE OF FIBER MODIFICATION IN NATURAL FIBER COMPOSITE PROCESSING  

SciTech Connect

The prediction and characterization of the adhesion between fiber, surface treatment, and polymer is critical to the success of large-scale natural fiber based polymer composites in automotive semi-structural application. The two primary factors limiting the use of natural fiber in polymer composites are fiber moisture uptake and fiber degradation during high-temperature processing. In this study, we have developed several fiber surface modification techniques and analyzed the fiber-polymer adhesion of modified fibers to more clearly understand the critical parameters controlling moisture uptake, swelling, and fiber degradation due to interfacial structure. We will present a overview of surface modification techniques we have applied to date for hemp fiber sources, and illustrate a path to characterize surface modification effects on natural fiber adhesion in thermoplastic composites.

Fifield, Leonard S.; Denslow, Kayte M.; Gutowska, Anna; Simmons, Kevin L.; Holbery, Jim

2005-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

62

Diamond fiber field emitters  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A field emission electron emitter comprising an electrode formed of at least one diamond, diamond-like carbon or glassy carbon composite fiber, said composite fiber having a non-diamond core and a diamond, diamond-like carbon or glassy carbon coating on said non-diamond core, and electronic devices employing such a field emission electron emitter.

Blanchet-Fincher, Graciela B. (Wilmington, DE); Coates, Don M. (Santa Fe, NM); Devlin, David J. (Los Alamos, NM); Eaton, David F. (Wilmington, DE); Silzars, Aris K. (Landenburg, PA); Valone, Steven M. (Santa Fe, NM)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Carbon Nanotubes Grown on Various Fibers - Oak Ridge National ...  

fiber materials inlcuding quartz wool fibers, carbon fibers, and activated carbon fibers. In each example a chloride solution of Fe, ...

64

Low Cost Carbon Fiber Production Carbon Fiber Manufacturing Cost Modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Low Cost Carbon Fiber Production Carbon Fiber Manufacturing Cost Modeling Oak Ridge National been identified by carbon fiber manufacturers as a market with substantial growth potential. When manufactured with carbon fiber as opposed to traditional materials such as steel, automotive parts are able

65

Hydrogen Optical Fiber Sensors  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Optically-based hydrogen sensors promise to deliver an added level of safety as hydrogen and fuel cell technologies enter the mainstream. More importantly, they offer reduced power consumption and lower cost, which are desirable for mass production applications such as automobiles and consumer appliances. This program addressed two of the major challenges previously identified in porous optrode-based optical hydrogen sensors: sensitivity to moisture (ambient humidity), and interference from the oxygen in air. Polymer coatings to inhibit moisture and oxygen were developed in conjunction with newer and novel hydrogen sensing chemistries. The results showed that it is possible to achieve sensitive hydrogen detection and rapid response with minimal interference from oxygen and humidity. As a result of this work, a new and more exciting avenue of investigation was developed: the elimination of the porous optrode and deposition of the sensor chemistry directly into the polymer film. Initial results have been promising, and open up a wider range of potential applications from extended optical fiber sensing networks, to simple plastic "stickers" for use around the home and office.

Lieberman, Robert A.; Beshay, Manal; Cordero, Steven R.

2008-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

66

RJTA Vol. 14 No. 4 2010 Jacquard-Woven Photonic Bandgap Fiber Displays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, `Fiber optic sensors and smart fabrics' J. Intelligent Mat. Systems & Struct., vol. 11, pp. 407-414. [6 that integrate several optical functionalities at the fiber level. As indicated by their name, photonic textiles of specialty optical fibers during the weaving process of textile manufacturing. This approach is quite natural

Skorobogatiy, Maksim

67

Hybrid Fiber Optics  

SciTech Connect

Instruments and devices based on optical fiber were originally simple and passive. That has changed. A variety of devices uses optical fiber for sensing, communications and various optoelectronic functions. This paper discusses the creation of a hybrid optical fiber that incorporates not just the light transmission function but other types of materials and new multiple fiber arrangements. Recent experiences with a fiber draw tower reveal new possibilities for achieving multifunctional devices able to perform diverse instrumentation sensing applications. This is achievable even with feature sizes, when desired, on the nanoscale. For instance, fiber comprised of one or more light guides and one or more electrically conducting wires is feasible. This combination of optical fiber and metal wire may be termed a wiber . The wiber could determine temperature and proximity to surfaces, detect radio-frequency radiation, and provide electrical power. At the same time, a wiber would have the capability to simultaneously transmit light where the light is utilized to sense temperature and proximity and give illumination. There are many possible uses--depending on design and configuration--cutting across many technologies and programs.

Allison, Stephen W [ORNL; Simpson, John T [ORNL; Gillies, George [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Fiber optic hydrogen sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus and method for detecting a chemical substance by exposing an optic fiber having a core and a cladding to the chemical substance so that the chemical substance can be adsorbed onto the surface of the cladding. The optic fiber is coiled inside a container having a pair of valves for controlling the entrance and exit of the substance. Light from a light source is received by one end of the optic fiber, preferably external to the container, and carried by the core of the fiber. Adsorbed substance changes the transmissivity of the fiber as measured by a spectrophotometer at the other end, also preferably external to the container. Hydrogen is detected by the absorption of infrared light carried by an optic fiber with a silica cladding. Since the adsorption is reversible, a sensor according to the present invention can be used repeatedly. Multiple positions in a process system can be monitored using a single container that can be connected to each location to be monitored so that a sample can be obtained for measurement, or, alternatively, containers can be placed near each position and the optic fibers carrying the partially-absorbed light can be multiplexed for rapid sequential reading, by a single spectrophotometer.

Buchanan, B.R.; Prather, W.S.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Microsoft Word - OPC Security WP 3 _Version 1-3c_.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

intrinsically secure intrinsically secure po box 178 #5 - 7217 Lantzville rd lantzville, bc canada v0r 2h0 office 250.390.1333 fax 250.390.3899 www.byressecurity.com Digital Bond suite 130 1580 sawgrass corp pkwy sunrise, FL 33323 office 954.315.4633 www.digitalbond.com OPC Security Whitepaper #3 Hardening Guidelines for OPC Hosts PREPARED BY: Digital Bond British Columbia Institute of Technology Byres Research November 13, 2007 OPC Security WP 3 (Version 1-3c).doc OPC Security Whitepaper #3 Hardening Guidelines for OPC Hosts OPC Security WP 3 (Version 1-3c).doc ii November 2007 Revision History Revision Date Authors Details 0.7 May 15, 2006 E. Byres, M Franz, Draft internal review version 1.0 May 31, 2006 E. Byres, J. Carter, M Franz Draft for controlled public review

70

Multimaterial rectifying device fibers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electronic and optoelectronic device processing is commonly thought to be incompatible with much simpler thermal drawing techniques used in optical fiber production. The incorporation of metals, polymer insulators, and ...

Orf, Nicholas D

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Few photon switching with slow light in hollow fiber  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cold atoms confined inside a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber with core diameters of a few photon wavelengths are a promising medium for studying nonlinear optical interactions at extremely low light levels. The high ...

Bajcsy, M.

72

Surface studies of hydrogen etched 3C-SiC(001) on Si(001)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The morphology and structure of 3C-SiC(001) surfaces, grown on Si(001) and prepared via hydrogen etching, are studied using atomic force microscopy (AFM), low-energy electron diffraction (LEED), and Auger electron spectroscopy (AES). On the etched samples, flat surfaces with large terraces and atomic steps are revealed by AFM. In ultrahigh vacuum a sharp LEED pattern with an approximate (5x1) periodicity is observed. AES studies reveal a ''bulklike'' composition up to the near surface region and indicate that an overlayer consisting of a weakly bound silicon oxide monolayer is present.

Coletti, C.; Frewin, C. L.; Saddow, S. E.; Hetzel, M.; Virojanadara, C.; Starke, U. [Electrical Engineering Department, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida 33620 (United States); Max-Planck-Institut fuer Festkoerperforschung, Heisenbergstr. 1, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany)

2007-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

73

Natural Fiber Composites: A Review  

SciTech Connect

The need for renewable fiber reinforced composites has never been as prevalent as it currently is. Natural fibers offer both cost savings and a reduction in density when compared to glass fibers. Though the strength of natural fibers is not as great as glass, the specific properties are comparable. Currently natural fiber composites have two issues that need to be addressed: resin compatibility and water absorption. The following preliminary research has investigated the use of Kenaf, Hibiscus cannabinus, as a possible glass replacement in fiber reinforced composites.

Westman, Matthew P.; Fifield, Leonard S.; Simmons, Kevin L.; Laddha, Sachin; Kafentzis, Tyler A.

2010-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

74

Ohmic contacts to single-crystalline 3C-SiC films for extreme-environment MEMS applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the ohmic contacts to single-crystalline 3C-SiC thin films heteroepitaxially grown on Si (001) wafers. In this work, a TiW (titanium-tungsten) film was deposited as a contact material by RF magnetron sputter and annealed through ... Keywords: Contact resistivity, Ohmic contact, Single-crystalline 3C-SiC, TiW

Gwiy-Sang Chung; Kyu-Hyung Yoon

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Optical fiber switch  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Optical fiber switches operated by electrical activation of at least one laser light modulator through which laser light is directed into at least one polarizer are used for the sequential transport of laser light from a single laser into a plurality of optical fibers. In one embodiment of the invention, laser light from a single excitation laser is sequentially transported to a plurality of optical fibers which in turn transport the laser light to separate individual remotely located laser fuel ignitors. The invention can be operated electro-optically with no need for any mechanical or moving parts, or, alternatively, can be operated electro-mechanically. The invention can be used to switch either pulsed or continuous wave laser light.

Early, James W. (Los Alamos, NM); Lester, Charles S. (San Juan Pueblo, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Fiber-Optic Sensing Technology  

SciTech Connect

This article offers a basic review of fiber-optic sensing technology, or more specifically, fiber-optic sensing technology as applied to the qualitative or quantitative identification of a chemical sample, and how it works,

Milnes, M. [Westinghouse Savannah River Company, AIKEN, SC (United States); Baylor, L.C.; Bave, S.

1996-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

77

Optical and optoelectronic fiber devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ability to integrate materials with disparate electrical, thermal, and optical properties into a single fiber structure enabled the realization of fiber devices with diverse and complex functionalities. Amongst those, ...

Shapira, Ofer, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Automated fiber pigtailing machine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The Automated Fiber Pigtailing Machine (AFPM) aligns and attaches optical fibers to optoelectronic (OE) devices such as laser diodes, photodiodes, and waveguide devices without operator intervention. The so-called pigtailing process is completed with sub-micron accuracies in less than 3 minutes. The AFPM operates unattended for one hour, is modular in design and is compatible with a mass production manufacturing environment. This machine can be used to build components which are used in military aircraft navigation systems, computer systems, communications systems and in the construction of diagnostics and experimental systems. 26 figs.

Strand, O.T.; Lowry, M.E.

1999-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

79

Silicon fiber optic sensors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A Fabry-Perot cavity is formed by a partially or wholly reflective surface on the free end of an integrated elongate channel or an integrated bounding wall of a chip of a wafer and a partially reflective surface on the end of the optical fiber. Such a constructed device can be utilized to detect one or more physical parameters, such as, for example, strain, through the optical fiber using an optical detection system to provide measuring accuracies of less than aboutb0.1%.

Pocha, Michael D. (Livermore, CA); Swierkowski, Steve P. (Livermore, CA); Wood, Billy E. (Livermore, CA)

2007-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

80

The effect of second phase particles in the fiber/matrix interfacial strength of carbon fiber reinforced thermoset composites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The fiber/matrix interfacial strength of graphite fiber reinforced epoxy (DGEBF cured with diprimary amine (9,9-bis[3-methyl-4-aminophenyl]fluorene) has been studied to determine the effect of second phase additions of rubber and glass on the interfacial strength. Single fiber fragmentation tests, microindentation tests, single fiber push-out tests, and in-situ observations of fracture of specimens loaded in a SEM have been utilized. The single fiber fragmentation tests were not successful due to the failure of the single fiber test specimen prior to saturation in the fiber fragmentation process. The microindentation tests were also unsuccessful due to fracture in the carbon fiber prior to interfacial debond. The fiber push-out test results were twice as high as the shear strength of the resin, raising questions about what was really being measured and whether the 30% difference was significant on a relative scale. On the other hand, in-situ fracture observation in a scanning electron microscope (SEM) indicated that the initiation of damage, which occurred due to fiber/matrix debonding, occurred at similar ply stress levels in each of the four specimens. Furthermore, the propagation of such damage in all four systems studied seemed to pass along fiber/matrix interfaces only when it was convenient to the fracture path and not preferentially, again suggesting equally good interfaces in each of the four tests. In conclusion, it does not appear that the addition of rubber or glass second phase particles to this composite material has any significant effect on the interfacial strength of the composite system.

Lu, Chung-Yuan

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Carbon Fiber Consortium | Partnerships | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Industrial Partnerships Carbon Fiber Consortium Manufacturing Industrial Partnerships Staff Partnerships Home | Connect with ORNL | For Industry | Partnerships | Industrial...

82

Fiber-optic pressure sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A pressure wave sensor utilizing fiber optic interferometry techniques to determine pressure in a bar. Light from a fiber optic coil around the bar is mixed with light from a reference optical fiber to produce interference fringes as a function of time. These fringes over time are related to the pressure versus time existing in the bar. 2 figs.

Dingus, R.S.

1989-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

83

Aerogel-clad optical fiber  

SciTech Connect

An optical fiber is surrounded by an aerogel cladding. For a low density aerogel, the index of refraction of the aerogel is close to that of air, which provides a high numerical aperture to the optical fiber. Due to the high numerical aperture, the aerogel clad optical fiber has improved light collection efficiency. 4 figs.

Sprehn, G.A.; Hrubesh, L.W.; Poco, J.F.; Sandler, P.H.

1997-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

84

Electric Charge Quantization in SU(3)_C X SU(3)_L X U(1)_X Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Basing on the general photon eigenstate and the anomaly cancelation, we have naturally explained the electric charge quantization in two models based on the SU(3)_C X SU(3)_L X U(1)_X gauge group, namely in the minimal model and in the model with right-handed neutrinos. In addition, we have shown that the electric charges of the proton and of the electron are opposite; and the same happens with the neutron and the neutrino. We argue that the electric charge quantization is not dependent on the classical constraints on generating mass to the fermions, but it is related closely with the generation number problem. In fact, both problems are properly solved as the direct consequences of the fermion content under the anomaly free conditions.

Phung Van Dong; Hoang Ngoc Long

2005-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

85

EIA Energy Efficiency-Table 3c. Capacity Adjusted Value of Production a by  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

c c Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 3c. Capacity Adjusted Value of Production 1 by Selected Industries, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (Current Billion Dollars) MECS Survey Years NAICS Subsector and Industry 1998 2002 2006 311 Food Manufacturing 430 468 552 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing 98 120 131 313 Textile Mills 57 50 44 314 Textile Product Mills 31 34 36 315 Apparel Manufacturing 66 53 31 316 Leather and Allied Product Manufacturing 11 8 7 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 87 94 110 322 Paper Manufacturing 159 160 177 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 104 109 107 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 134 215 523 325 Chemical Manufacturing 415 470 657 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 158 183 212 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 85 97 134

86

The Heart-shaped Supernova Remnant 3C391 viewed in Multi-bands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using Chandra X-ray, Spitzer mid-IR, and 1.5 GHz radio data, we examine the spatial structure of SNR 3C391. The X-ray surface brightness is generally anti-correlative with the IR and radio brightness. The multiband data clearly exhibit a heart-shaped morphology and show the multi-shell structure of the remnant. A thin brace-like shell on the south detected at 24 um is projected outside the radio border and confines the southern faint X-ray emission. The leading 24 um knot on the SE boundary appears to be partly surrounded by soft X-ray emitting gas. The mid-IR emission is dominated by the contribution of the shocked dust grains, which may have been partly destroyed by sputtering.

Yang Su; Yang Chen

2007-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

87

The Heart-shaped Supernova Remnant 3C391 viewed in Multi-bands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using Chandra X-ray, Spitzer mid-IR, and 1.5 GHz radio data, we examine the spatial structure of SNR 3C391. The X-ray surface brightness is generally anti-correlative with the IR and radio brightness. The multiband data clearly exhibit a heart-shaped morphology and show the multi-shell structure of the remnant. A thin brace-like shell on the south detected at 24 um is projected outside the radio border and confines the southern faint X-ray emission. The leading 24 um knot on the SE boundary appears to be partly surrounded by soft X-ray emitting gas. The mid-IR emission is dominated by the contribution of the shocked dust grains, which may have been partly destroyed by sputtering.

Su, Yang

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Origin of radiation tolerance in 3C-SiC with nanolayered planar defects  

SciTech Connect

We have recently found that the radiation tolerance of SiC is highly enhanced by introducing nanolayers of stacking faults and twins [Y. Zhang et al., Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14, 13429 (2012)]. To reveal the origin of this radiation resistance, we used in situ transmission electron microscopy to examine structural changes induced by electron beam irradiation in 3C-SiC containing nanolayers of (111) planar defects. We found that preferential amorphization, when it does occur, takes place at grain boundaries and at 111 and 111 planar defects. Radiationinduced point defects, such as interstitials and vacancies, migrate two-dimensionally between the (111) planar defects, which probably enhances the damage recovery.

Ishimaru, Dr. Manabu [Osaka University; Zhang, Yanwen [ORNL; Shannon, Prof. Steven [North Carolina State University; Weber, William J [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Origin of radiation tolerance in 3C-SiC with nanolayered planar defects  

SciTech Connect

We have recently found that the radiation tolerance of SiC is highly enhanced by introducing nanolayers of stacking faults and twins [Y. Zhang et al., Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14, 13429 (2012)]. To reveal the origin of this radiation resistance, we used in situ transmission electron microscopy to examine structural changes induced by electron beam irradiation in 3C-SiC containing nanolayers of (111) planar defects. We found that preferential amorphization, when it does occur, takes place at grain boundaries and at (111) and (111) planar defects. Radiation-induced point defects, such as interstitials and vacancies, migrate two-dimensionally between the (111) planar defects, which probably enhances the damage recovery.

Ishimaru, Manabu [Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research, Osaka University, Osaka 567-0047 (Japan); Zhang Yanwen; Weber, William J. [Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee 37831-6138 (United States); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Tennessee, Tennessee 37996 (United States); Shannon, Steven [Department of Nuclear Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695 (United States)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

90

Large area quasi-free standing monolayer graphene on 3C-SiC(111)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Large scale, homogeneous quasi-free standing monolayer graphene is obtained on cubic silicon carbide, i.e., the 3C-SiC(111) surface, which represents an appealing and cost effective platform for graphene growth. The quasi-free monolayer is produced by intercalation of hydrogen under the interfacial, (6{radical}(3)x6{radical}(3))R30 deg.-reconstructed carbon layer. After intercalation, angle resolved photoemission spectroscopy reveals sharp linear {pi}-bands. The decoupling of graphene from the substrate is identified by x-ray photoemission spectroscopy and low energy electron diffraction. Atomic force microscopy and low energy electron microscopy demonstrate that homogeneous monolayer domains extend over areas of hundreds of square-micrometers.

Coletti, C. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Festkoerperforschung, Heisenbergstr. 1, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany); Center for Nanotechnology Innovation and NEST, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Piazza San Silvestro 12, 56127 Pisa (Italy); Emtsev, K. V.; Starke, U. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Festkoerperforschung, Heisenbergstr. 1, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany); Zakharov, A. A. [MAX-Lab, Lund University, Box 118, Lund S-22100 (Sweden); Ouisse, T.; Chaussende, D. [Laboratoire des Materiaux et du Genie Physique-CNRS UMR5628--Grenoble INP, Minatec 3 parvis Louis Neel, BP 257, 38016 Grenoble (France)

2011-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

91

Remote Synchrotron Light Instrumentation Using Optical Fibers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

By coupling the emitted synchrotron light into an optical fiber, it is possible to transmit the signal at substantial distances from the light port, without the need to use expensive beamlines. This would be especially beneficial in all those cases when the synchrotron is situated in areas not easily access because of their location, or due to high radiation levels. Furthermore, the fiber output can be easily switched, or even shared, between different diagnostic instruments. We present the latest results on the coupling and dispersion measurements performed at the Advanced Light Source in Berkeley. In several cases, coupling synchrotron light into optical fibers can substantially facilitate the use of beam diagnostic instrumentation that measures longitudinal beam properties by detecting synchrotron radiation. It has been discussed in with some detail, how fiberoptics can bring the light at relatively large distances from the accelerator, where a variety of devices can be used to measure beam properties and parameters. Light carried on a fiber can be easily switched between instruments so that each one of them has 100% of the photons available, rather than just a fraction, when simultaneous measurements are not indispensable. From a more general point of view, once synchrotron light is coupled into the fiber, the vast array of techniques and optoelectronic devices, developed by the telecommunication industry becomes available. In this paper we present the results of our experiments at the Advanced Light Source, where we tried to assess the challenges and limitations of the coupling process and determine what level of efficiency one can typically expect to achieve.

De Santis, S.; Yin, Y.

2009-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

92

Fiber-optic voltage sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fiber optic voltage sensor is described which includes a source of light, a reference fiber for receiving a known percentage of the light and an electrostrictive element having terminals across which is applied, a voltage to be measured. The electrostrictive element is responsive to the applied voltage to assume an altered physical state. A measuring fiber also receives a known percentage of light from the light source and is secured about the electrostrictive element. The measuring fiber is provided with a cladding and exhibits an evanescent wave in the cladding. The measuring fiber has a known length which is altered when the electrostrictive element assumes its altered physical state. A differential sensor is provided which senses the intensity of light in both the reference fiber and the measuring fiber and provides an output indicative of the difference between the intensities.

Wood, C.B.

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

93

Radiation damage in optical fibers  

SciTech Connect

While plastic-clad-silica (PCS) fiber shows the greatest radiation resistance, PCS fiber has been difficult to reliably connectorize for routine field operations. For this reason, all-glass fibers have been studied as an alternative to PCS. Based on available literature and some preliminary tests at Los Alamos, we have concentrated on fluorosilicate clad, step index, pure silica core fibers. This paper reviews recent laboratory data for these fibers relative to the PCS fibers. This paper also discusses use of a fiber (or any optical medium) on a Cerenkov radiation-to-light transducer. Since the radiation induces attenuation in the medium, the light output is not proportional to the radiation input. The nonlinearity introduced by this attenuation is calculated.

Lyons, P.B.; Looney, L.D.; Ogle, J.W.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Fiber-optic voltage sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fiber optic voltage sensor is described which includes a source of light, a reference fiber for receiving a known percentage of the light and an electrostrictive element having terminals across which is applied, a voltage to be measured. The electrostrictive element is responsive to the applied voltage to assume an altered physical state. A measuring fiber also receives a known percentage of light from the light source and is secured about the electrostrictive element. The measuring fiber is provided with a cladding and exhibits an evanescent wave in the cladding. The measuring fiber has a known length which is altered when the electrostrictive element assumes its altered physical state. A differential sensor is provided which senses the intensity of light in both the reference fiber and the measuring fiber and provides an output indicative of the difference between the intensities.

Wood, C.B.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

STAR-JET INTERACTIONS AND GAMMA-RAY OUTBURSTS FROM 3C454.3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a model to explain the ultra-bright GeV gamma-ray flares observed from the blazar 3C454.3. The model is based on the concept of a relativistic jet interacting with compact gas condensations produced when a star (a red giant) crosses the jet close to the central black hole. The study includes an analytical treatment of the evolution of the envelope lost by the star within the jet, and calculations of the related high-energy radiation. The model readily explains the day-long that varies on timescales of hours, GeV gamma-ray flare from 3C454.3, observed during 2010 November on top of a plateau lasting weeks. In the proposed scenario, the plateau state is caused by a strong wind generated by the heating of the stellar atmosphere due to nonthermal particles accelerated at the jet-star interaction region. The flare itself could be produced by a few clouds of matter lost by the red giant after the initial impact of the jet. In the framework of the proposed scenario, the observations constrain the key model parameters of the source, including the mass of the central black hole: M{sub BH} {approx_equal} 10{sup 9} M{sub Sun }, the total jet power: L{sub j} {approx_equal} 10{sup 48} erg s{sup -1}, and the Doppler factor of the gamma-ray emitting clouds: {delta} {approx_equal} 20. Whereas we do not specify the particle acceleration mechanisms, the potential gamma-ray production processes are discussed and compared in the context of the proposed model. We argue that synchrotron radiation of protons has certain advantages compared to other radiation channels of directlyaccelerated electrons. An injected proton distribution {proportional_to}E {sup -1} or harder below the relevant energies would be favored to alleviate the tight energetic constraints and to avoid the violation of the observational low-energy constraints.

Khangulyan, D. V. [Institute of Space and Astronautical Science/JAXA, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Chuo-ku, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5210 (Japan); Barkov, M. V. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Saupfercheckweg 1, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Bosch-Ramon, V. [Departament d'Astronomia i Meteorologia, Institut de Ciencies del Cosmos (ICC), Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Marti i Franques 1, E-08028 Barcelona (Spain); Aharonian, F. A. [Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 31 Fitzwilliam Place, Dublin 2 (Ireland); Dorodnitsyn, A. V. [Laboratory for High Energy Astrophysics, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 662, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)

2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

96

MULTI-EPOCH OBSERVATIONS OF THE RED WING EXCESS IN THE SPECTRUM OF 3C 279  

SciTech Connect

It has been previously determined that there is a highly significant correlation between the spectral index from 10 GHz to 1350 A and the amount of excess luminosity in the red wing of quasar C IV {lambda}1549 broad emission lines (BELs). Ostensibly, the prominence of the red excess is associated with the radio jet emission mechanism and is most pronounced for lines of sight close to the jet axis. Studying the scant significant differences in the UV spectra of radio-loud and radio-quiet quasars might provide vital clues to the origin of the unknown process that creates powerful relativistic jets that appear in only about 10% of quasars. In this study, the phenomenon is explored with multi-epoch observations of the Mg II {lambda}2798 broad line in 3C 279 which has one of the largest known red wing excesses in a quasar spectrum. The amount of excess that is detected appears to be independent of all directly observed optical continuum, radio, or submillimeter properties (fluxes or polarizations). The only trend that occurs in this sparse data is: the stronger the BEL, the larger the fraction of flux that resides in the red wing. It is concluded that more monitoring is needed and spectropolarimetry with a large telescope is essential during low states to understand more.

Punsly, Brian, E-mail: brian.punsly@verizon.net, E-mail: brian.punsly@comdev-usa.com [1415 Granvia Altamira, Palos Verdes Estates, CA 90274 (United States); ICRANet, Piazza della Repubblica 10, I-65100 Pescara (Italy)

2013-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

97

Multi-Epoch Observations of the Redwing Excess in the Spectrum of 3C279  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It has been previously determined that there is a highly significant correlation between the spectral index from 10 GHz to 1350 $\\AA$ and the amount of excess luminosity in the red wing of quasar CIV $\\lambda$1549 broad emission lines (BELs). Ostensibly, the prominence of the red excess is associated with the radio jet emission mechanism and is most pronounced for lines of sight close to the jet axis. Studying the scant significant differences in the UV spectra of radio loud and radio quiet quasars might provide vital clues to the origin of the unknown process that creates powerful relativistic jets that appear in only about ten percent of quasars. In this study, the phenomenon is explored with multi-epoch observations of the MgII $\\lambda$2798 broad line in 3C 279 which has one of the largest known redwing excesses in a quasar spectrum. The amount of excess that is detected appears to be independent of all directly observed optical continuum, radio or submm properties (fluxes or polarizations). The only tren...

Punsly, Brian

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

FIRST-PRINCIPLES CALCULATIONS OF INTRINSIC DEFECTS AND Mg TRANSMUTANTS IN 3C-SiC  

SciTech Connect

Silicon carbide (SiC) possesses many desirable attributes for applications in high-temperature and neutron radiation environments. These attributes include excellent dimensional and thermodynamic stability, low activation, high strength, and high thermal conductivity. Therefore, SiC based materials draw broad attention as structural materials for the first wall (FW) and blanket in fusion power plants. Under the severe high-energy neutron environment of D-T fusion systems, SiC suffers significant transmutation resulting in both gaseous and metallic transmutants. Recent calculations by Sawan, et al. [2] predict that at a fast neutron dose of ~100 dpa, there will be about 0.5 at% Mg generated in SiC through nuclear transmutation. Other transmutation products, including 0.15 at% Al, 0.2 at% Be and 2.2 at% He, also emerge. Formation and migration energies of point defects in 3C-SiC have been widely investigated using density functional theory (DFT). However, the properties of defects associated with transmutants are currently not well understood. Fundamental understanding of where the transmutation products go and how they affect microstructure evolution of SiC composites will help to predict property evolution and performance of SiC-based materials in fusion reactors.

Hu, Shenyang Y.; Setyawan, Wahyu; Van Ginhoven, Renee M.; Jiang, Weilin; Henager, Charles H.; Kurtz, Richard J.

2013-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

99

Chandra Discovery of an X-ray Jet and Lobes in 3C 15  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the Chandra detection of an X-ray jet in 3C 15. The peak of the X-ray emission in the jet is 4.1'' (a projected distance of 5.1 kpc) from the nucleus, and coincident with a component previously identified in the radio and optical jets. We examine four models for the X-ray jet emission: (I) weak synchrotron cooling in equip., (II) moderate synchrotron cooling in equip., (III) weak synchrotron plus SSC cooling, and (IV) moderate synchrotron plus SSC cooling. We argue that case (II) can most reasonably explain the overall emission from knot C. Case (III) is also possible, but requires a large departure from equipartition and for the jet power to be comparable to that of the brightest quasars. Diffuse X-ray emission has also been detected, distributed widely over the full extent (63kpc x 25kpc) of the radio lobes. We compare the total energy contained in the lobes with the jet power estimated from knot C, and discuss the energetic link between the jet and the lobes. We argue that the fueling time (t_fue...

Kataoka, J; Edwards, P G; Kino, M; Takahara, F; Serino, Y; Kawai, N; Martel, A R

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

First principles calculation of finite temperature magnetism in Fe and Fe3C  

SciTech Connect

Density functional calculations have proven to be a useful tool in the study of ground state properties of many materials. The investigation of finite temperature magnetism, on the other hand, has to rely usually on the usage of empirical models that allow the large number of evaluations of the systems Hamiltonian that are required to obtain the phase space sampling needed to obtain the free energy, specific heat, magnetization, susceptibility, and other quantities as function of temperature. We have demonstrated a solution to this problem that harnesses the computational power of today s large massively parallel computers by combining a classical Wang Landau Monte-Carlo calculation [F. Wang and D. P. Landau, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2050 (2001)] with our first principles multiple scattering electronic structure code [Y. Wang et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2867 (1995)] that allows the energy calculation of constrained magnetic states [M. Eisenbach et al., Proceedings of the Conference on High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage and Analysis (ACM, New York, 2009)]. We present our calculations of finite temperature properties of Fe and Fe3C using this approach and we find the Curie temperatures to be 980 and 425K, respectively. VC2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3562218

Eisenbach, Markus [ORNL; Nicholson, Don M [ORNL; Rusanu, Aurelian [ORNL; Brown, Greg [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Fiber Optic Velocity Interferometry  

SciTech Connect

This paper explores the use of a new velocity measurement technique that has several advantages over existing techniques. It uses an optical fiber to carry coherent light to and from a moving target. A Fabry-Perot interferometer, formed by a gradient index lens and the moving target, produces fringes with a frequency proportional to the target velocity. This technique can measure velocities up to 10 km/s, is accurate, portable, and completely noninvasive.

Neyer, Barry T.

1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Impact Resistance of Carbon Fiber and Metallic Glass Fiber Metal ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The combination of thin metallic sheets with carbon fiber composite results in a ... Ceramic Textile Composites under In Situ Loading at Ultrahigh Temperatures.

103

MULTIWAVELENGTH VARIATIONS OF 3C 454.3 DURING THE 2010 NOVEMBER TO 2011 JANUARY OUTBURST  

SciTech Connect

We present multiwavelength data of the blazar 3C 454.3 obtained during an extremely bright outburst from 2010 November through 2011 January. These include flux density measurements with the Herschel Space Observatory at five submillimeter-wave and far-infrared bands, the Fermi Large Area Telescope at {gamma}-ray energies, Swift at X-ray, ultraviolet (UV), and optical frequencies, and the Submillimeter Array at 1.3 mm. From this data set, we form a series of 52 spectral energy distributions (SEDs) spanning nearly two months that are unprecedented in time coverage and breadth of frequency. Discrete correlation analysis of the millimeter, far-infrared, and {gamma}-ray light curves show that the variations were essentially simultaneous, indicative of cospatiality of the emission, at these wavebands. In contrast, differences in short-term fluctuations at various wavelengths imply the presence of inhomogeneities in physical conditions across the source. We locate the site of the outburst in the parsec-scale 'core', whose flux density as measured on 7 mm Very Long Baseline Array images increased by 70% during the first five weeks of the outburst. Based on these considerations and guided by the SEDs, we propose a model in which turbulent plasma crosses a conical standing shock in the parsec-scale region of the jet. Here, the high-energy emission in the model is produced by inverse Compton scattering of seed photons supplied by either nonthermal radiation from a Mach disk, thermal emission from hot dust, or (for X-rays) synchrotron radiation from plasma that crosses the standing shock. For the two dates on which we fitted the model SED to the data, the model corresponds very well to the observations at all bands except at X-ray energies, where the spectrum is flatter than observed.

Wehrle, Ann E. [Space Science Institute, 4750 Walnut Street, Suite 205, Boulder, CO 80301 (United States); Marscher, Alan P.; Jorstad, Svetlana G.; Joshi, Manasvita; MacDonald, Nicholas R.; Williamson, Karen E.; Agudo, Ivan [Department of Astronomy, Boston University, 725 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, MA 02215 (United States); Gurwell, Mark A. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, MS 42, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Grupe, Dirk, E-mail: awehrle@spacescience.org [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, 525 Davey Lab, University Park, PA 16802 (United States)

2012-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

104

Chandra Discovery of an X-ray Jet and Lobes in 3C 15  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the Chandra detection of an X-ray jet in 3C 15. The peak of the X-ray emission in the jet is 4.1'' (a projected distance of 5.1 kpc) from the nucleus, and coincident with a component previously identified in the radio and optical jets. We examine four models for the X-ray jet emission: (I) weak synchrotron cooling in equip., (II) moderate synchrotron cooling in equip., (III) weak synchrotron plus SSC cooling, and (IV) moderate synchrotron plus SSC cooling. We argue that case (II) can most reasonably explain the overall emission from knot C. Case (III) is also possible, but requires a large departure from equipartition and for the jet power to be comparable to that of the brightest quasars. Diffuse X-ray emission has also been detected, distributed widely over the full extent (63kpc x 25kpc) of the radio lobes. We compare the total energy contained in the lobes with the jet power estimated from knot C, and discuss the energetic link between the jet and the lobes. We argue that the fueling time (t_fuel) and the source age (t_src) are comparable for case (II), whereas t_fuel thermal galaxy halo and non-thermal relativistic electrons in the radio lobes. Finally, we show that the X-ray emission from the nucleus is not adequately fitted by a simple absorbed power-law model, but needs an additional power-law with heavy absorption intrinsic to the source. Such a high column density is consistent with the presence of a dense, dusty torus which obscures the quasar nucleus.

J. Kataoka; J. P. Leahy; P. G. Edwards; M. Kino; F. Takahara; Y. Serino; N. Kawai; A. R. Martel

2003-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

105

System for testing optical fibers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for measuring a combination of optical transmission properties of fiber optic waveguides. A polarized light pulse probe is injected into one end of the optical fiber. Reflections from discontinuities within the fiber are unpolarized whereas reflections of the probe pulse incident to its injection remain polarized. The polarized reflections are prevented from reaching a light detector whereas reflections from the discontinuities reaches the detector. 2 figs.

Golob, J.E.; Looney, L.D.; Lyons, P.B.; Nelson, M.A.; Davies, T.J.

1980-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

106

Fiber-coupled Luminescence Dosimetry in Therapeutic and Diagnostic Radiology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fiber-coupled luminescence dosimetry is an emerging technology with several potentially attractive features of relevance for uses in therapeutic and diagnostic radiology: direct water equivalence (i.e. no significant perturbation of the radiation field in a water phantom or a patient), sub-mm detector size, high dynamic range (below a mGy to several Gy), microsecond time resolution, and absence of electrical wires or other electronics in the dosimeter probe head. Fiber-coupled luminescence dosimetry systems typically consist of one or more small samples of phosphor, e.g. a mg of plastic scintillator, attached to 10-20 m long optical fiber cables of plastic. During irradiation, each dosimeter probe spontaneously emits radioluminescence (RL) in proportion to the dose rate. The luminescence intensity can be detected with photomultiplier tubes, CCD cameras or other highly sensitive photodetectors. Some crystalline phosphors, such as carbon-doped aluminium oxide (Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}:C) have the ability to store charge produced in the crystal during irradiation. The stored charge may later be released by fiber-guided laser light under emission of so-called optically stimulated luminescence (OSL). The OSL signal therefore reflects the passively integrated dose. In contrast to thermoluminescence dosimetry, fiber-coupled OSL dosimetry may be performed in vivo while the dosimeter is still in the patient. Within the last few years, several improvements and new applications of these techniques have been published, and the objective of this review is to provide an introduction to this field and to outline some of these new results. Emphasis will be given to applications in medical dosimetry such as in vivo real-time dose verification in brachytherapy and methods aimed for improved quality assurance of linear accelerators.

Andersen, Claus E. [Radiation Research Division, Risoe National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Technical University of Denmark, DK-4000 Roskilde (Denmark)

2011-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

107

Preparation of silicon carbide fibers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Silicon carbide fibers suitable for use in the fabrication of dense, high-strength, high-toughness SiC composites or as thermal insulating materials in oxidizing environments are fabricated by a new, simplified method wherein a mixture of short-length rayon fibers and colloidal silica is homogenized in a water slurry. Water is removed from the mixture by drying in air at 120/sup 0/C and the fibers are carbonized by (pyrolysis) heating the mixture to 800 to 1000/sup 0/C in argon. The mixture is subsequently reacted at 1550 to 1900/sup 0/C in argon to yield pure ..beta..-SiC fibers.

Wei, G.C.

1983-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

108

Carbon Fiber Cluster Strategy | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Fiber Cluster Strategy SHARE Carbon Fiber Cluster Strategy ORNL has a 40-year history in R&D on fiber-reinforced composite materials, and has been leading DOE's low-cost...

109

Fiber optic systems for mobile platforms II  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This book contains papers presented at the symposium of International Society for Optical Engineering. Topics covered/include: Fiber optic pressure sensor for internal combustion engine; Automotive fiber optic technology: application issues; and Fiber optic guided missile.

Lewis, N.E.; Moore, E.L.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Nanocharacterization of electrocoated polymers on carbon fibers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electropolymerization of carbazole and its copolymers onto carbon fibers were performed by potentiodynamic and potentiostatic methods. Electrocoated polymer thin films on carbon fiber microelectrodes (CFME) were characterized by combination of a variety ... Keywords: Carbon fibers, Electropolymerization, Nanomodification

A. Sezai Sarac

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Fiber Tracking Cylinder Nesting  

SciTech Connect

The fiber tracker consists of 8 concentric carbon fiber cylinders of varying diameters, from 399mm to 1032.2mm and two different lengths. 1.66 and 2.52 meters. Each completed cylinder is covered over the entire o.d. with scintillating fiber ribbons with a connector on each ribbon. These ribbons are axial (parallel to the beam line) at one end and stereo (at 3 deg. to the beam line) at the other. The ribbon connectors have dowel pins which are used to match with the connectors on the wave guide ribbons. These dowel pins are also used during the nesting operation, locating and positioning measurements. The nesting operation is the insertion of one cylinder into another, aligning them with one another and fastening them together into a homogeneous assembly. For ease of assembly. the nesting operation is accomplished working from largest diameter to smallest. Although the completed assembly of all 8 cylinders glued and bolted together is very stiff. individual cylinders are relatively flexible. Therefore. during this operation, No.8 must be supported in a manner which maintains its integrity and yet allows the insertion of No.7. This is accomplished by essentially building a set of dummy end plates which replicate a No.9 cylinder. These end plates are mounted on a wheeled cart that becomes the nesting cart. Provisions for a protective cover fastened to these rings has been made and will be incorporated in finished product. These covers can be easily removed for access to No.8 and/or the connection of No.8 to No.9. Another wheeled cart, transfer cart, is used to push a completed cylinder into the cylinder(s) already mounted in the nesting cart.

Stredde, H.; /Fermilab

1999-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

112

Fiber optic geophysical sensors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is comprised of a fiber optic geophysical sensor in which laser light is passed through a sensor interferometer in contact with a geophysical event, and a reference interferometer not in contact with the geophysical event but in the same general environment as the sensor interferometer. In one embodiment, a single tunable laser provides the laser light. In another embodiment, separate tunable lasers are used for the sensor and reference interferometers. The invention can find such uses as monitoring for earthquakes, and the weighing of objects. 2 figs.

Homuth, E.F.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Fiber optic geophysical sensors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is comprised of a fiber optic geophysical sensor in which laser light is passed through a sensor interferometer in contact with a geophysical event, and a reference interferometer not in contact with the geophysical event but in the same general environment as the sensor interferometer. In one embodiment, a single tunable laser provides the laser light. In another embodiment, separate tunable lasers are used for the sensor and reference interferometers. The invention can find such uses as monitoring for earthquakes, and the weighing of objects. 2 figs.

Homuth, E.F.

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

114

Data:C26df8ff-6cf7-41b6-ab3c-543adbd694eb | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

df8ff-6cf7-41b6-ab3c-543adbd694eb df8ff-6cf7-41b6-ab3c-543adbd694eb No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Salt River Electric Coop Corp Effective date: 2011/06/01 End date if known: Rate name: Interruptible Service Sector: Commercial Description: NUMBER AND DURATION OF INTERRUPTIONS A. Winter Season: There shall be no more than two (2) interruptions during any 24 hour calendar day. No interruption shall last more than six hours. B. Summer Season: There shall be no more than one (1) interruption during any 24 hour calendar day. No interruption shall last more than twelve hours. C. The maximum number of annual hours of interruption shall be in accordance with the customer-contracted level of interruptible service.

115

Implementation Challenges for Sintered Silicon Carbide Fiber ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The sintered silicon carbide fiber bonded ceramics have been fabricated by the hot pressing and sintering of silicon carbide fibers. However, in this system...

116

Thermoplastic Composite with Vapor Grown Carbon Fiber.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Vapor grown carbon fiber (VGCF) is a new class of highly graphitic carbon nanofiber and offers advantages of economy and simpler processing over continuous-fiber composites. (more)

Lee, Jaewoo

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Study of radiation hardness of optical fibers.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Optical fiber manufacturing is a multibillion dollar industry today, and optical fibers have found diverse applications, such as telecommunication, medicine, nuclear and chemical industries, and (more)

Thomas, Rayburn D

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

CFTF | Carbon Fiber Technology Facility | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BTRIC CNMS CSMB CFTF Working with CFTF HFIR MDF NTRC OLCF SNS Carbon Fiber Technology Facility Home | User Facilities | CFTF CFTF | Carbon Fiber Technology Facility SHARE Oak...

119

A PRECISION ANALOG FIBER OPTIC TRANSMISSION SYSTEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optical Fibers for Transmission, John Wiley and Sons, 9.Laboratories, Transmission Systems for Communications, BellANALOG FIBER OPTIC TRANSMISSION SYSTEM G. Stover M.S. Thesis

Stover, G.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Fiber optic refractive index monitor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A sensor for measuring the change in refractive index of a liquid uses the lowest critical angle of a normal fiber optic to achieve sensitivity when the index of the liquid is significantly less than the index of the fiber core. Another embodiment uses a liquid filled core to ensure that its index is approximately the same as the liquid being measured.

Weiss, Jonathan David (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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121

System for testing optical fibers  

SciTech Connect

A system for nondestructively determining the attenuation coefficient, .alpha.(.lambda.), of low-loss optical fiber wave guides. Cerenkov light pulses are generated at a plurality of locations in the fiber by a beam of charged particles. The transit times of selected spectral components and their intensities are utilized to unfold the .alpha.(.lambda.) values over the measured spectrum.

Davies, Terence J. (Santa Barbara, CA); Franks, Larry A. (Santa Barbara, CA); Nelson, Melvin A. (Santa Barbara, CA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Quantitive DNA Fiber Mapping  

SciTech Connect

Several hybridization-based methods used to delineate single copy or repeated DNA sequences in larger genomic intervals take advantage of the increased resolution and sensitivity of free chromatin, i.e., chromatin released from interphase cell nuclei. Quantitative DNA fiber mapping (QDFM) differs from the majority of these methods in that it applies FISH to purified, clonal DNA molecules which have been bound with at least one end to a solid substrate. The DNA molecules are then stretched by the action of a receding meniscus at the water-air interface resulting in DNA molecules stretched homogeneously to about 2.3 kb/{micro}m. When non-isotopically, multicolor-labeled probes are hybridized to these stretched DNA fibers, their respective binding sites are visualized in the fluorescence microscope, their relative distance can be measured and converted into kilobase pairs (kb). The QDFM technique has found useful applications ranging from the detection and delineation of deletions or overlap between linked clones to the construction of high-resolution physical maps to studies of stalled DNA replication and transcription.

Lu, Chun-Mei; Wang, Mei; Greulich-Bode, Karin M.; Weier, Jingly F.; Weier, Heinz-Ulli G.

2008-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

123

Enclosed Chambers for Humidity Control And Sample Containment in Fiber Diffraction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A chamber and stretch frame for making fibers for diffraction is described. The chamber is made from a simple plastic cuvette with silicon nitride windows. It is suitable for maintaining constant humidity during fiber drying and data collection, and allows stretching of the fiber and exposure to magnetic fields during sample preparation. If necessary, it provides primary containment for toxic and infectious biological materials. The chamber has been used in fiber diffraction experiments with filamentous plant viruses and a yeast prion protein, and is shown to produce excellent orientation and to maintain hydration and order at the molecular level.

McDonald, M.; Kendall, A.; Tanaka, M.; Weissman, J.S.; Stubbs, G.

2009-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

124

Fiber Grating Environmental Sensing System  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Fiber grating environmental measurement systems are comprised of sensors that are configured to respond to changes in moisture or chemical content of the surrounding medium through the action of coatings and plates inducing strain that is measured. These sensors can also be used to monitor the interior of bonds for degradation due to aging, cracking, or chemical attack. Means to multiplex these sensors at high speed and with high sensitivity can be accomplished by using spectral filters placed to correspond to each fiber grating environmental sensor. By forming networks of spectral elements and using wavelength division multiplexing arrays of fiber grating sensors may be processed in a single fiber line allowing distributed high sensitivity, high bandwidth fiber optic grating environmental sensor systems to be realized.

Schulz, Whitten L. (Fairview, OR); Udd, Eric (Fairview, OR)

2003-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

125

ORIGINAL PAPER Natural Fiber Reinforced Poly(vinyl chloride) Composites: Effect  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, electric wires, window profiles, siding, etc. Recently, wood fiber reinforced PVC is getting more popular straw, rice husk, and pine fiber) and loading level of styrene-ethylene-butylene-styrene (SEBS) block copolymer on composite properties was investigated. Mechanical analysis showed that storage modulus

126

A Comparative Study of the Structure and Energetics of Elementary Defects in 3C- and 4H-SiC  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The potential non-equivalent defects in both 3C- and 4H-SiC are classified by a new method that is based on symmetry considerations. In 4H-SiC, their number is considerably higher than in 3C-SiC, since the hexagonal symmetry leads to diversification. The different theoretical methods hitherto used to investigate defects in 3C-SiC are critically reviewed. Classical MD simulations with a recently developed interatomic potential are employed to investigate the stability, structure and energetics of the large number of potential non-equivalent defects that may exist in 4H-SiC. Most of the potential defects in 4H-SiC are found to be stable. The interstitials between hexagonal and trigonal rings, which do not exist in 3C-SiC, are characteristic for 4H-SiC and other hexagonal polytypes. The structure and energetics of some complex and anisotropic dumbbells depend strongly on the polytype. On the other hand, polytypism does not have a significant influence on the properties of the more compact and isotropic defects, such as vacancies, antisites, hexagonal interstitials, and many dumbbells. The results allow conclusions to be drawn about the energy hierarchy of the defects.

Posselt, Matthias; Gao, Fei; Weber, William J.; Belko, V

2004-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

127

Saccharification of corn fiber using enzymes from Aureobasidium sp. strain NRRL Y-2311-1  

SciTech Connect

Crude enzyme preparations from Aureobasidium sp. strain NRRL Y-2311-1 were characterized and tested for the capacity to saccharify corn fiber. Cultures grown on xylan, corn fiber, and alkaline hydrogen peroxide (AHP)-pretreated corn fiber produced specific levels of endoxylanase, amylase, protease, cellulose, and other activities. Using equal units of endoxylanase activity, crude enzymes from AHP-pretreated corn fiber cultures were most effective in saccharification. Multiple enzyme activities were implicated in this process. Pretreatment of corn fiber with AHP nearly doubled the susceptibility of hemicellulose to enzymatic digestion. Up to 138 mg xylose, 125 mg arabinose, and 490 mg glucose were obtained per g pretreated corn fiber under conditions tested. 31 refs., 2 figs., 4 tabs.

Leathers, T.D.; Gupta, S.C. [Dept. of Agriculture, Peoria, IL (United States)

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

FIBER LENGTH DISTRIBUTION MEASUREMENT FOR LONG GLASS AND CARBON FIBER REINFORCED INJECTION MOLDED THERMOPLASTICS  

SciTech Connect

Procedures for fiber length distribution (FLD) measurement of long fiber reinforced injection molded thermoplastics were refined for glass and carbon fibers. Techniques for sample selection, fiber separation, digitization and length measurement for both fiber types are described in detail. Quantitative FLD results are provided for glass and carbon reinforced polypropylene samples molded with a nominal original fiber length of 12.7 mm (1/2 in.) using equipment optimized for molding short fiber reinforced thermoplastics.

Kunc, Vlastimil [ORNL; Frame, Barbara J [ORNL; Nguyen, Ba N. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL); TuckerIII, Charles L. [University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign; Velez-Garcia, Gregorio [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Fiber optic hydrogen sensor  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report covers the development of fiber optic hydrogen and temperature sensors for monitoring dissolved hydrogen gas in transformer oil. The concentration of hydrogen gas is a measure of the corona and spark discharge within the transformer and reflects the state of health of the transformer. Key features of the instrument include use of palladium alloys to enhance hydrogen sensitivity, a microprocessor controlled instrument with RS-232, liquid crystal readout, and 4-20 ma. current loop interfaces. Calibration data for both sensors can be down loaded to the instrument through the RS-232 interface. This project was supported by the Technology Transfer Initiative in collaboration with J. W. Harley, Inc. through the mechanism of a cooperative research and development agreement (CRADA).

Butler, M.A.; Sanchez, R.; Dulleck, G.R.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Ethanol extraction of phytosterols from corn fiber  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The present invention provides a process for extracting sterols from a high solids, thermochemically hydrolyzed corn fiber using ethanol as the extractant. The process includes obtaining a corn fiber slurry having a moisture content from about 20 weight percent to about 50 weight percent solids (high solids content), thermochemically processing the corn fiber slurry having high solids content of 20 to 50% to produce a hydrolyzed corn fiber slurry, dewatering the hydrolyzed corn fiber slurry to achieve a residual corn fiber having a moisture content from about 30 to 80 weight percent solids, washing the residual corn fiber, dewatering the washed, hydrolyzed corn fiber slurry to achieve a residual corn fiber having a moisture content from about 30 to 80 weight percent solids, and extracting the residual corn fiber with ethanol and separating at least one sterol.

Abbas, Charles (Champaign, IL); Beery, Kyle E. (Decatur, IL); Binder, Thomas P. (Decatur, IL); Rammelsberg, Anne M. (Decatur, IL)

2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

131

Data:5308e208-308c-4389-8459-3c342933daa3 | Open Energy Information  

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8-308c-4389-8459-3c342933daa3 8-308c-4389-8459-3c342933daa3 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Adams Electric Cooperative Inc Effective date: 2011/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: SEA04 Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: http://www.adamsec.com/content/rates Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

132

Data:87978379-5878-473a-9e17-aaf0f3c0890f | Open Energy Information  

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8379-5878-473a-9e17-aaf0f3c0890f 8379-5878-473a-9e17-aaf0f3c0890f No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Algoma Utility Comm Effective date: 2008/05/28 End date if known: Rate name: Small Power Service - More than 100kW -Primary Metering Discount Sector: Commercial Description: Application: This rate will be applied to customers for all types of service if their monthly Maximum Measured Demand is in excess of 100 kilowatts (kW) per month for three or more months in a consecutive 12-month period, unless the customer exceeds the application conditions of the large power time-of-day schedule.

133

Data:159106d9-928f-4116-b89c-5feb3c199290 | Open Energy Information  

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d9-928f-4116-b89c-5feb3c199290 d9-928f-4116-b89c-5feb3c199290 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Bailey County Elec Coop Assn Effective date: 2004/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting 175 W MV Sector: Lighting Description: Plus $1.00 per month for each extra pole required Source or reference: Rate Binder 5, Illinois State University Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring:

134

Data:84fdc56e-3253-4761-baac-bd3c5c7957ca | Open Energy Information  

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fdc56e-3253-4761-baac-bd3c5c7957ca fdc56e-3253-4761-baac-bd3c5c7957ca No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Perennial Public Power Dist Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: General Service - Municipal (Rate Code 45) Single Phase Sector: Commercial Description: Applicable to miscellaneous municipal services (excluding municipal pumping), school districts, and other non-federal agencies, which are principally tax supported. Source or reference: http://www.perennialpower.com/Images/URBAN_GENERAL_AND_PUBLIC_SERVICE.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW)

135

Data:0b37e540-ab3c-420e-882e-aec532313539 | Open Energy Information  

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e540-ab3c-420e-882e-aec532313539 e540-ab3c-420e-882e-aec532313539 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Duke Energy Indiana Inc Effective date: 2009/09/14 End date if known: Rate name: High Load Factor - Primary Direct Sector: Industrial Description: Availability Available to any customer contracting for a specified capacity of not less than 25 kW. Applicant must be located adjacent to an electric transmission or distribution line of Company that is adequate and suitable for supplying the service requested. Character of Service Alternating current having a frequency of sixty Hertz and furnished in accordance with the provisions set forth hereunder.

136

Data:16e3a087-a3df-4bd4-bcd3-c9944339aebb | Open Energy Information  

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a087-a3df-4bd4-bcd3-c9944339aebb a087-a3df-4bd4-bcd3-c9944339aebb No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Salmon River Electric Coop Inc Effective date: 2006/02/01 End date if known: Rate name: Irrigation -Large 30 KW or greater Sector: Commercial Description: The type of service provided under this schedule is three phase, at secondary or primary voltage and supplied through one meter at one point of delivery. If service is provided at primary voltage, the contract for service shall specify the point of delivery, establish all metering costs to be paid by the member, and delineate ownership and control of such facilities.

137

Data:522e48ec-3c94-4379-9090-c7b153004cb1 | Open Energy Information  

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138

Data:078aeccf-7853-4919-9494-1da67fff6a3c | Open Energy Information  

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139

Data:889670c3-c5fd-4410-ad59-f90d746d2387 | Open Energy Information  

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70c3-c5fd-4410-ad59-f90d746d2387 70c3-c5fd-4410-ad59-f90d746d2387 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Singing River Elec Pwr Assn (Mississippi) Effective date: 2010/04/07 End date if known: Rate name: Industrial Small General Service (Under 25 kW) Multi-Phase Sector: Industrial Description: *Subject to power cost adjustment, tax expense adjustment, and an environmental compliance charge. Minimum monthly charge is $40.00 Source or reference: http://www.singingriver.com/Files/SGS%203-3.pdf Source Parent: Comments Adjustment is Power Cost Adjustment plus Environmental Clause plus Regulatory Adjustment

140

Data:14035438-5238-4509-8e66-7e3c2a3659df | Open Energy Information  

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8-5238-4509-8e66-7e3c2a3659df 8-5238-4509-8e66-7e3c2a3659df No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Bailey County Elec Coop Assn Effective date: 2004/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting 400 W MV Sector: Lighting Description: Plus $1.00 per month for each extra pole required Source or reference: Rate Binder 5, Illinois State University Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring:

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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141

Data:1844e12d-12a3-4722-a554-be3c170bffaa | Open Energy Information  

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e12d-12a3-4722-a554-be3c170bffaa e12d-12a3-4722-a554-be3c170bffaa No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Tell City, Indiana (Utility Company) Effective date: 2008/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: Tariff A1: Single Phase Residential, Greater Than 200 Amps and Less Than 400 Amps Sector: Residential Description: The charges derived in the Tariff A1 rate are subject to adjustment for: Purchased Power Adjustment Tracking Factor. Source or reference: Rates Binder 1, Illinois State University Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months):

142

Data:8fa56be7-cd3c-4384-ae40-815057fb723b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

be7-cd3c-4384-ae40-815057fb723b be7-cd3c-4384-ae40-815057fb723b No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Prairie Land Electric Coop Inc Effective date: 2010/01/14 End date if known: Rate name: Monthly Unmetered Investment Facility(MULT GLOBE 70W HPS-Option E) Sector: Lighting Description: Customer-100% Cooperative-0% Source or reference: http://www.prairielandelectric.com/Rates_PDF/MKEC%20Rates.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V):

143

Data:09765641-d802-4897-b864-961aced23a3c | Open Energy Information  

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641-d802-4897-b864-961aced23a3c 641-d802-4897-b864-961aced23a3c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: La Farge Municipal Electric Co Effective date: 2009/03/20 End date if known: Rate name: Ms-1 Street Lighting Service Overhead 150 HPS Sector: Lighting Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0551 per kilowatt-hour.

144

Data:96f55a3c-8bfe-4647-a799-9636828f370d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

5a3c-8bfe-4647-a799-9636828f370d 5a3c-8bfe-4647-a799-9636828f370d No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Coldwater Board of Public Util Effective date: 2011/09/01 End date if known: Rate name: Street Lighting Service - 400 W HPS Sector: Lighting Description: The CBPU furnishes, installs and owns the entire equipment including poles, overhead lines, supply equipment, luminaries, supporting brackets, suspension cables, lamps and control equipment. The CBPU supplies the energy, replaces luminaries and lamps and maintains the entire equipment. Source or reference: http://www.coldwater.org/Content/Utility_General_Info.html

145

Scintillator fiber optic long counter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A flat response position sensitive neutron detector capable of providing neutron spectroscopic data utilizing scintillator fiber optic filaments embedded in a neutron moderating housing having an open end through which neutrons enter to be detected is described. 11 figures.

McCollum, T.; Spector, G.B.

1994-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

146

Light diffusing fiber optic chamber  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A light diffusion system for transmitting light to a target area. The light is transmitted in a direction from a proximal end to a distal end by an optical fiber. A diffusing chamber is operatively connected to the optical fiber for transmitting the light from the proximal end to the distal end and transmitting said light to said target area. A plug is operatively connected to the diffusing chamber for increasing the light that is transmitted to the target area.

Maitland, Duncan J. (Lafayette, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Fiber optic temperature sensor  

SciTech Connect

Our fiber optic temperature measurement sensor and system is a major improvement over methods currently in use in most industrial processes, and it delivers all of the attributes required simplicity, accuracy, and cost efficiency-to help improve all of these processes. Because temperature is a basic physical attribute of nearly every industrial and commercial process, our system can eventually result in significant improvements in nearly every industrial and commercial process. Many finished goods, and the materials that go into them, are critically dependent on the temperature. The better the temperature measurement, the better quality the goods will be and the more economically they can be produced. The production and transmission of energy requires the monitoring of temperature in motors, circuit breakers, power generating plants, and transmission line equipment. The more reliable and robust the methods for measuring these temperature, the more available, stable, and affordable the supply of energy will become. The world is increasingly realizing the threats to health and safety of toxic or otherwise undesirable by products of the industrial economy in the environment. Cleanup of such contamination often depends on techniques that require the constant monitoring of temperature in extremely hazardous environments, which can damage most conventional temperature sensors and which are dangerous for operating personnel. Our system makes such monitoring safer and more economical.

Rabold, D.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Optical fiber inspection system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A remote optical inspection system including an inspection head. The inspection head has a passageway through which pellets or other objects are passed. A window is provided along the passageway through which light is beamed against the objects being inspected. A plurality of lens assemblies are arranged about the window so that reflected light can be gathered and transferred to a plurality of coherent optical fiber light guides. The light guides transfer the light images to a television or other image transducer which converts the optical images into a representative electronic signal. The electronic signal can then be displayed on a signal viewer such as a television monitor for inspection by a person. A staging means can be used to support the objects for viewing through the window. Routing means can be used to direct inspected objects into appropriate exit passages for accepted or rejected objects. The inspected objects are advantageously fed in a singular manner to the staging means and routing means. The inspection system is advantageously used in an enclosure when toxic or hazardous materials are being inspected. 10 figs.

Moore, F.W.

1985-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

149

Optical fiber inspection system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A remote optical inspection system including an inspection head. The inspection head has a passageway through which pellets or other objects are passed. A window is provided along the passageway through which light is beamed against the objects being inspected. A plurality of lens assemblies are arranged about the window so that reflected light can be gathered and transferred to a plurality of coherent optical fiber light guides. The light guides transfer the light images to a television or other image transducer which converts the optical images into a representative electronic signal. The electronic signal can then be displayed on a signal viewer such as a television monitor for inspection by a person. A staging means can be used to support the objects for viewing through the window. Routing means can be used to direct inspected objects into appropriate exit passages for accepted or rejected objects. The inspected objects are advantageously fed in a singular manner to the staging means and routing means. The inspection system is advantageously used in an enclosure when toxic or hazardous materials are being inspected.

Moore, Francis W. (Richland, WA)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Effective elastoplastic damage mechanics for fiber-reinforced composites with evolutionary complete fiber debonding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

unidirectional silicon-carbide fiber (Textron SCS-6, withFor simplicity, the silicon-carbide fibers are assumed to be

Ju, Jiann-Wen W; Ko, Y F; Ruan, H N

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Data:Da6e1df5-02cb-47b1-b3c5-572e8b3c35e4 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

e1df5-02cb-47b1-b3c5-572e8b3c35e4 e1df5-02cb-47b1-b3c5-572e8b3c35e4 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Bangor, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2010/05/19 End date if known: Rate name: Rg-2 Optional Time-of-Day Three Phase (8:00am-8:00pm) Sector: Residential Description: Application: This rate schedule is optional to all Rg-1, Residential Service customers. Customers that wish to be served on this rate schedule must apply to the utility for service. Once an optional customer begins service on this rate schedule, the customer shall remain on the rate for a minimum of one year. Any customer choosing to be served on this rate schedule waives all rights to billing adjustments arising from a claim that the bill for service would be less on another rate schedule than under this rate schedule. Power Cost Adjustment Clause: Charge per all kWh varies monthly. Pricing Periods: On-peak: The three on-peak periods available are: 7:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. 9:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m. Monday through Friday, excluding holidays, specified below. Off-peak: All times not specified as on-peak including all day Saturday and Sunday, and the following holidays: New Year's Day, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day, or the day designated to be celebrated as such. Fixed Monthly Charge includes Commitment to Community Rider: $1.10 per customer per month

152

Data:B13b2ad7-0161-4d3c-9a05-0c4abf5ee4be | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ad7-0161-4d3c-9a05-0c4abf5ee4be ad7-0161-4d3c-9a05-0c4abf5ee4be No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: PPL Electric Utilities Corp Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: GS-3 (General Service Medium) Sector: Commercial Description: This Rate Schedule is for large general two phase and greater service at secondary voltage. Where necessary, the Company furnishes and maintains one transformation from line voltage to a lower Company standard service voltage. New applications with voltage levels higher than the secondary voltage will not be accepted after January 1, 2005.

153

Buried fiber optic intrusion sensor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A distributed fiber optic intrusion sensor capable of detecting intruders from the pressure of their weight on the earth's surface was investigated in the laboratory and in field tests. The presence of an intruder above or in proximity to the buried sensor induces a phase shift in light propagating along the fiber which allows for the detection and localization of intrusions. Through the use of an ultra-stable erbium-doped fiber laser and phase sensitive optical time domain reflectometry, disturbances were monitored in long (several km) lengths of optical fiber. Narrow linewidth and low frequency drift in the laser were achieved through a combination of optical feedback and insulation of the laser cavity against environmental effects. The frequency drift of the laser, characterized using an all-fiber Mach Zehnder interferometer, was found to be less than 1 MHz/min, as required for operation of the intrusion detection system. Intrusions were simulated in a laboratory setting using a piezoelectric transducer to produce a controllable optical phase shift at the 2 km point of a 12 km path length. Interrogation of the distributed sensor was accomplished by repetitively gating light pulses from the stable laser into the sensing fiber. By monitoring the Rayleigh backscattered light with a photodetector and comparing traces with and without an induced phase shift, the phase disturbances were detected and located. Once the feasibility of such a sensor was proven in the laboratory, the experimental set up was transferred to Texas A&M's Riverside Campus. At the test site, approximately 40 meters of fiber optic cable were buried in a triangle perimeter and then spliced into the 12 km path length which was housed inside the test facility. Field tests were conducted producing results comparable to those found in the laboratory. Intrusions over this buried fiber were detectable on the ?-OTDR trace and could be localized to the intrusion point. This type of sensor has the potential benefits of heightened sensitivity, covertness, and greatly reduced cost over the conventional seismic, acoustic, infrared, magnetic, and fiber optic sensors for monitoring long (multi-km) perimeters.

Maier, Eric William

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Continuous Fiber Ceramic Composites (CFCC)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes work to develop CFCC's for various applications in the Industries of the Future (IOF) and power generation areas. Performance requirements range from relatively modest for hot gas filters to severe for turbine combustor liners and infrared burners. The McDermott Technology Inc. (MTI) CFCC program focused on oxide/oxide composite systems because they are known to be stable in the application environments of interest. The work is broadly focused on dense and porous composite systems depending on the specific application. Dense composites were targeted at corrosion resistant components, molten aluminum handling components and gas turbine combustor liners. The development work on dense composites led to significant advances in fiber coatings for oxide fibers and matrix densification. Additionally, a one-step fabrication process was developed to produce low cost composite components. The program also supported key developments in advanced oxide fibers that resulted in an improved version of Nextel 610 fiber (commercially available as Nextel 650) and significant progress in the development of a YAG/alumina fiber. Porous composite development focused on the vacuum winding process used to produce hot gas filters and infrared burner components.

R. A. Wagner

2002-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

155

Fe Emission And Ionized Excess Absorption in the Luminous Quasar 3C109 With XMM-Newton  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report results from an XMM-Newton observation of the broad-line radio galaxy 3C 109 (z=0.3056). Previous ASCA data revealed the presence of a broad iron line from the accretion disc with which the XMM-Newton spectrum is fully consistent. However, although improving the ASCA constraints on the line parameters, the quality of the data is not high enough to distinguish between an untruncated accretion disc extending down to small radii close to the black hole and a scenario in which the innermost 20-30 gravitational radii are missing. For this reason, our results are model-dependent and the hard data can be modeled equally well by considering an absorption scenario in which a large column of neutral gas partially covers the X-ray continuum source. However, the absorber would have to comprise hundreds/thousands very compact clouds close to the X-ray source, which seems rather extreme a requirement. The 2-10 keV intrinsic luminosity of 3C 109 is of the order of 2-3 x 10{sup 45} erg s{sup -1} regardless of the adopted model. A recent black hole mass estimate of {approx} 2 x 10{sup 8} M{sub {circle_dot}} implies that L{sub bol}/L{sub Edd} > 1. If partial covering is excluded, the observed reflection fraction (of the order of unity), steep photon index (1.86), and Fe line equivalent width (about 100 eV) all suggest to exclude that the X-ray continuum is strongly beamed indicating that the large Eddington ratio is associated with a radiatively efficient accretion process and making it unlikely that the innermost accretion disc is replaced by a thick radiatively inefficient medium such as in advection-dominated accretion models. We also confirm previous findings on the detection of low energy absorption in excess of the Galactic value, where we find excellent agreement with previous results obtained in X-rays and at other wavelengths (optical and infrared). The better quality of the XMM-Newton data enables us to attribute the excess absorption to slightly ionized gas in the line of sight, located at the redshift of 3C 109. The most likely interpretation for the excess absorption is that the line-of-sight is grazing the obscuring torus of unified models, which is consistent with the inclination inferred from the Fe line profile (about 40{sup o}) and with the hybrid radio-galaxy/quasar nature of 3C 109.

Miniutti, Giovanni; /Cambridge U., Inst. of Astron.; Ballantyne, D.R.; /Arizona U.; Allen, S.W.; /KIPAC, Menlo Park; Fabian, A.C.; /Cambridge U., Inst. of Astron.; Ross, R.R.; /Holy Cross Coll.

2006-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

156

Graphitized-carbon fiber/carbon char fuel  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for recovery of intact graphitic fibers from fiber/polymer composites is described. The method comprises first pyrolyzing the graphite fiber/polymer composite mixture and then separating the graphite fibers by molten salt electrochemical oxidation.

Cooper, John F. (Oakland, CA)

2007-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

157

H2 carrier gas dependence of Young's modulus and hardness of chemical vapor deposited polycrystalline 3C-SiC thin films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the mechanical properties of poly (polycrystalline) 3C-SiC thin films according to 0%, 7%, and 10% carrier gas (H"2) concentrations using nano-indentation. When H"2 concentration was 10%, it has been proved that the mechanical properties, ... Keywords: AFM, Hardness, Nano-indentation, Poly 3C-SiC, Young's modulus

Gwiy-Sang Chung; Ki-Bong Han

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Raman scattering of polycrystalline 3C-SiC film deposited on AlN buffer layer by using CVD with HMDS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the Raman scattering characteristics of poly (polycrystalline) 3C-SiC thin films deposited on AlN buffer layer by atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition (APCVD) using hexamethyldisilane (MHDS) and carrier gases (Ar+H"2). The ... Keywords: AlN, HMDS, Poly 3C-SiC, Raman scattering

Gwiy-Sang Chung; Kang-San Kim

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Cellulosic Fiber Composites Using Protein Hydrolysates and Methods ...  

Technology Marketing Summary This technology relates to cellulosic fiber composites using protein hydrolysates. Description Cellulosic fiber composites currently use ...

160

Data:77230dd5-1537-4479-b746-9d40b3c36611 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

dd5-1537-4479-b746-9d40b3c36611 dd5-1537-4479-b746-9d40b3c36611 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Village of Sauk City, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2008/08/18 End date if known: Rate name: Gs-2 General Service Three Phase Optional Time-of-Day with Parallel Generation(20kW or less) Sector: Commercial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0756 per kilowatt-hour.

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161

Data:1eea6481-1640-416f-9596-3c72483cb49e | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

eea6481-1640-416f-9596-3c72483cb49e eea6481-1640-416f-9596-3c72483cb49e No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Consumers Energy Co Effective date: 2012/06/08 End date if known: Rate name: GSD-Dynamic Pricing Pilot Sector: Commercial Description: The Dynamic Pricing Pilot is a voluntary pilot available at the discretion of the Company to Full Service Customers taking service under the Company's GSD tariff and whom have, or are selected to have, the required metering equipment and infrastructure installed. Customer eligibility to participate in this pilot is determined solely by the Company. The Company will furnish, install, maintain and own the required equipment at the customers' premises at the Company's expense for the

162

Data:047af524-6763-42fe-8762-3c91b426c727 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

24-6763-42fe-8762-3c91b426c727 24-6763-42fe-8762-3c91b426c727 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: PUD No 1 of Grays Harbor Cnty Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: SECOND RESIDENTIAL SERVICE RATE SCHEDULE 12E Sector: Residential Description: This schedule is available in all territory served by the District, for a second electric service to a single parcel of land which is primarily classified as a single-family residence. The second service will be fed from the same transformer that serves the primary residence. Examples include: services to garages, workshops and to domestic water wells under five horsepower serving a single parcel of land. The service shall not be used to serve buildings that are used as a commercial business, under a landlord agreement, as a separate residence on the same property, or to serve water wells that serve more than one parcel of land.

163

Data:2144b30d-9241-4396-b86a-3c8652781070 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

0d-9241-4396-b86a-3c8652781070 0d-9241-4396-b86a-3c8652781070 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Eastern Illinois Elec Coop Effective date: 2013/04/15 End date if known: Rate name: (RATE SCHEDULE 8: ELECTRIC HEAT)OPTIONAL SERVICE - THREE-PHASE Sector: Commercial Description: This rate schedule is available upon application to any member/owner who has permanently installed facilities using electricity either as the primary source of energy for space and water heating, or as electric resistance, low-temperature grain drying and for all other uses, including lighting and power, subject to the established rules and regulations of the Cooperative. A premises may qualify for this rate if the electric heating system is used for over 75 percent of the heating load at the premises. This rate is applicable to loads requiring 225 kVA or less of transformer capacity. Three-phase service requiring more than 225 kVA of transformer capacity shall be provided under the Cooperative's Rate Schedule for Large Power Service. The Cooperative shall be the sole and final authority in determining applicability of this rate to an account. The availability of this rate is extended to all member/owners previously served under Rate Schedule 6.

164

Applications of fiber optics in physical protection  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this NUREG is to provide technical information useful for the development of fiber-optic communications and intrusion detection subsystems relevant to physical protection. There are major sections on fiber-optic technology and applications. Other topics include fiber-optic system components and systems engineering. This document also contains a glossary, a list of standards and specifications, and a list of fiber-optic equipment vendors.

Buckle, T.H. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Piezoelectric Fiber Fabrication for Magnetoelectric Sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Optical Properties of Bifeo3: Polar Oxides for Fundamental Science and Solar Energy Applications Piezoelectric Fiber Fabrication for Magnetoelectric Sensors

166

Chapter 31. Microfluidic Fiber Lasers Microfluidic Fiber Lasers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at the water/oil interface. We have shown that in maintaining the same pump beam energy, the fiber laser can based pressure sensors. Custom made hermetic optical coupler oil Pump Light Radially Emitted Laser Light hermetic optical coupler oil Pump Light Radially Emitted Laser Light from R6G-doped water plug Microfluidic

167

3C.PDF  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

76 76 E. Aircraft Acquisition 1. Introduction In our November 1994 report entitled, "Audit of Department of Energy International Charter Flights," we reported that the Department had not established a systematic and cost- effective process to acquire international air services. We suggested that the Department establish written policy and procedures for acquiring international air service including clarification of the responsibilities for all interested parties. We stated that the written policy and procedures should clarify the responsibilities of the Office of Human Resources and Administration, Headquarters Procurement, and Office of Aviation Policy. In addition, in a December 20, 1994, memorandum to the Deputy Secretary we concluded that the

168

Fluorine for Hydrogen Exchange in the Hydrofluorobenzene Derivatives C6HxF(6-x), where x = 2, 3, 4 and 5 by Monomeric [1,2,4-(Me3C)3C5H2]2CeH; The Solid State Isomerization of [1,2,4-(Me3C)3C5H2]2Ce(2,3,4,5-C6HF4) to [1,2,4-(Me3C)3C5H2]2Ce(2,3,4,6-C6HF4)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The reaction between monomeric bis(1,2,4-tri-t-butylcyclopentadienyl)cerium hydride, Cp'2CeH, and several hydrofluorobenzene derivatives is described. The aryl derivatives that are the primary products, Cp'2Ce(C6H5-xFx) where x = 1,2,3,4, are thermally stable enough to be isolated in only two cases, since all of them decompose at different rates to Cp'2CeF and a fluorobenzyne; the latter is trapped by either solvent when C6D6 is used or by a Cp'H ring when C6D12 is the solvent. The trapped products are identified by GCMS analysis after hydrolysis. The aryl derivatives are generated cleanly by reaction of the metallacycle, Cp'((Me3C)2C5H2C(Me2)CH2)Ce, with a hydrofluorobenzene and the resulting arylcerium products, in each case, are identified by their 1H and 19F NMR spectra at 20oC. The stereochemical principle that evolves from these studies is that the thermodynamic isomer is the one in which the CeC bond is flanked by two ortho-CF bonds. This orientation is suggested to arise from the negative charge that is localized on the ipso-carbon atom due to Co(delta+)-Fo(delta-) polarization. The preferred regioisomer is determined by thermodynamic rather than kinetic effects; this is illustrated by the quantitative, irreversible solid-state conversion at 25oC over two months of Cp'2Ce(2,3,4,5-C6HF4) to Cp'2Ce(2,3,4,6-C6HF4), an isomerization that involves a CeC(ipso) for C(ortho)F site exchange.

Andersen, Richard; Werkema, Evan L.; Andersen, Richard A.

2008-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

169

Optical fiber reliability models M. John Matthewson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Systems containing optical fiber have design lives on the order of decades so that models for assessing and promising areas for future work are proposed. 1. INTRODUCTION Mechanical failure of optical fiber must tail can be controlled by proof testing the fiber which truncates the distribution (dashed line

Matthewson, M. John

170

Low Cost Carbon Fiber From Renewable Resources  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Department of Energy Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles has shown that, by lowering overall weight, the use of carbon fiber composites could dramatically decrease domestic vehicle fuel consumption. For the automotive industry to benefit from carbon fiber technology, fiber production will need to be substantially increased and fiber price decreased to $7/kg. To achieve this cost objective, alternate precursors to pitch and polyacrylonitrile (PAN) are being investigated as possible carbon fiber feedstocks. Additionally, sufficient fiber to provide 10 to 100 kg for each of the 13 million cars and light trucks produced annually in the U.S. will require an increase of 5 to 50-fold in worldwide carbon fiber production. High-volume, renewable or recycled materials, including lignin, cellulosic fibers, routinely recycled petrochemical fibers, and blends of these components, appear attractive because the cost of these materials is inherently both low and insensitive to changes in petroleum price. Current studies have shown that a number of recycled and renewable polymers can be incorporated into melt-spun fibers attractive as carbon fiber feedstocks. Highly extrudable lignin blends have attractive yields and can be readily carbonized and graphitized. Examination of the physical structure and properties of carbonized and graphitized fibers indicates the feasibility of use in transportation composite applications.

Compere, A.L.

2001-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

171

High temperature mineral fiber binder  

SciTech Connect

A modified phenol formaldehyde condensate is reacted with boric acid and cured in the presence of a polyfunctional nitrogeneous compound to provide a binder for mineral wool fibers which is particularly suited for thermal insulation products intended for high temperature service.

Miedaner, P.M.

1980-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

172

Field Comparison of the Sampling Efficacy of Two Smear Media: Cotton Fiber and Kraft Paper  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Two materials were compared in field tests at the Defense Waste Processing Facility: kraft paper (a strong, brown paper made from wood pulp prepared with a sodium sulfate solution) and cotton fiber. Based on a sampling of forty-six pairs of smears, the cotton fiber smears provide a greater sensitivity. The cotton fiber smears collected an average of forty-four percent more beta activity than the kraft paper smears and twenty-nine percent more alpha activity. Results show a greater sensitivity with cotton fiber over kraft paper at the 95 percent confidence level. Regulatory requirements for smear materials are vague. The data demonstrate that the difference in sensitivity of smear materials could lead to a large difference in reported results that are subsequently used for meeting shipping regulations or evaluating workplace contamination levels.

Hogue, M.G.

2002-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

173

Cost and Performance Baseline for Fossil Energy Plants; Volume 3c: Natural Gas Combined Cycle at Elevation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Baseline for Fossil Energy Plants Volume 3c: Natural Gas Combined Cycle at Elevation March 2011 DOE/NETL-2010/1396 Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States

174

Anisotropic fiber alignment in composite structures  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

High strength material composite structures are formed with oriented fibers to provide controlled anisotropic fibers. Fibers suspended in non-dilute concentrations (e.g., up to 20 volume percent for fibers having an aspect ratio of 20) in a selected medium are oriented by moving an axially spaced array of elements in the direction of desired fiber alignment. The array elements are generally perpendicular to the desired orientation. The suspension medium may also include sphere-like particles where the resulting material is a ceramic. 5 figures.

Graham, A.L.; Mondy, L.A.; Guell, D.C.

1993-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

175

Fiber-type dosimeter with improved illuminator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A single-piece, molded plastic, Cassigrainian-type condenser arrangement is incorporated in a tubular-shaped personal pocket dosimeter of the type which combines an ionization chamber with an optically-read fiber electrometer to provide improved illumination of the electrometer fiber. The condenser routes incoming light from one end of the dosimeter tubular housing around a central axis charging pin assembly and focuses the light at low angles to the axis so that it falls within the acceptance angle of the electrometer fiber objective lens viewed through an eyepiece lens disposed in the opposite end of the dosimeter. This results in improved fiber illumination and fiber image contrast.

Fox, Richard J. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Fiber-type dosimeter with improved illuminator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A single-piece, molded plastic, Cassigrainian-type condenser arrangement is incorporated in a tubular-shaped personal pocket dosimeter of the type which combines an ionization chamber with an optically-read fiber electrometer to provide improved illumination of the electrometer fiber. The condenser routes incoming light from one end of the dosimeter tubular housing around a central axis charging pin assembly and focuses the light at low angles to the axis so that it falls within the acceptance angle of the electrometer fiber objective lens viewed through an eyepiece lens disposed in the opposite end of the dosimeter. This results in improved fiber illumination and fiber image contrast.

Fox, R.J.

1985-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

177

Anisotropic fiber alignment in composite structures  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

High strength material composite structures are formed with oriented fibers to provide controlled anisotropic fibers. Fibers suspended in non-dilute concentrations (e.g., up to 20 volume percent for fibers having an aspect ratio of 20) in a selected medium are oriented by moving an axially spaced array of elements in the direction of desired fiber alignment. The array elements are generally perpendicular to the desired orientation. The suspension medium may also include sphere-like particles where the resulting material is a ceramic.

Graham, A.L.; Mondy, L.A.; Guell, D.C.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

178

AN ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEUS DRIVEN SHOCK IN THE INTRACLUSTER MEDIUM AROUND THE RADIO GALAXY 3C 310  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present results from a 57.6 ks Chandra observation of the cluster gas associated with the fat-double radio galaxy 3C 310. We find a surface brightness discontinuity in the gas outside the southern radio lobe that we attribute to a shock driven by the supersonic inflation of this lobe {approx}180 kpc from the nucleus. Modeling the surface brightness/density jump, the shock has Mach number 1.5-1.9, depending on the assumptions one makes about the density profile and the nature of the energy input. There are not sufficient counts in the image to detect conclusively the temperature jump associated with the shock. The total mechanical energy of the outburst is 5 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 60} erg. Assuming a Mach 1.9 shock, the age of the outburst is {approx}100 million yrs, and the time-averaged power of the outburst is {approx}1.3 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 45} erg s{sup -1}. The power input is 100 times greater than the radiative losses of the gas within the radius of the shock. Most importantly, the equivalent heat input due to the entropy increase is roughly 10% of the thermal energy of the gas to the radius of the shock. 3C 310 is another example where regular outbursts of the observed strength with a duty cycle of 0.1 could offset the radiative losses of the gas near the Bondi radius and regulate feedback. We also detect a cool filamentary X-ray arm along the eastern periphery of the southern radio lobe. This arm is probably composed of low-entropy gas dredged up in the inflation of the radio plasma, similar to features seen in M87.

Kraft, R. P.; Nulsen, P. E. J.; Forman, W. R.; Jones, C.; Murray, S. S. [Harvard/Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden St., MS-4, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Birkinshaw, M.; Worrall, D. M. [H. H. Wills Physics Laboratory, University of Bristol, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol BS8 1TL (United Kingdom); Croston, J. H. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1SJ (United Kingdom); Hardcastle, M. J. [School of Physics, Astronomy, and Mathematics, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield AL10 9AB (United Kingdom)

2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

179

Study of the Stability of 3C-SiC Single Crystals Using High-Resolution Diffuse X-Ray Scattering  

SciTech Connect

The stability of (001)-oriented 3C silicon carbide crystals is studied by a method coupling high resolution x-ray diffraction and numerical simulations. The analysis of the diffuse scattering intensity distribution along selected directions in reciprocal space allows us to obtain qualitative and quantitative informations regarding the 3C-6H transition. Our latest results concerning the influence of the initial crystal quality (presence of defects) and of annealing time on the 3C-6H transition are presented in this article.

Dompoint, D.; Boulle, A. [Science des Procedes Ceramiques et de Traitements de Surface (SPCTS) CNRS UMR 6638, ENSCI, 47 avenue Albert Thomas 87065 Limoges Cedex (France); Galben-Sandulache, I. G.; Chaussende, D. [Laboratoire des Materiaux et du Genie Physique (LMGP) CNRS UMR 5628, Grenoble INP, Minatec, 3 parvis Louis Neel, BP 257, 38016 Grenoble Cedex 01 (France)

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Side-emitting fiber optic position sensor  

SciTech Connect

A side-emitting fiber optic position sensor and method of determining an unknown position of an object by using the sensor. In one embodiment, a concentrated beam of light source illuminates the side of a side-emitting fiber optic at an unknown axial position along the fiber's length. Some of this side-illuminated light is in-scattered into the fiber and captured. As the captured light is guided down the fiber, its intensity decreases due to loss from side-emission away from the fiber and from bulk absorption within the fiber. By measuring the intensity of light emitted from one (or both) ends of the fiber with a photodetector(s), the axial position of the light source is determined by comparing the photodetector's signal to a calibrated response curve, look-up table, or by using a mathematical model. Alternatively, the side-emitting fiber is illuminated at one end, while a photodetector measures the intensity of light emitted from the side of the fiber, at an unknown position. As the photodetector moves further away from the illuminated end, the detector's signal strength decreases due to loss from side-emission and/or bulk absorption. As before, the detector's signal is correlated to a unique position along the fiber.

Weiss, Jonathan D. (Albuquerque, NM)

2008-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Compensated vibrating optical fiber pressure measuring device  

SciTech Connect

A microbending optical fiber is attached under tension to a diaphragm to se a differential pressure applied across the diaphragm which it causes it to deflect. The fiber is attached to the diaphragm so that one portion of the fiber, attached to a central portion of the diaphragm, undergoes a change in tension; proportional to the differential pressure applied to the diaphragm while a second portion attached at the periphery of the diaphragm remains at a reference tension. Both portions of the fiber are caused to vibrate at their natural frequencies. Light transmitted through the fiber is attenuated by both portions of the tensioned sections of the fiber by an amount which increases with the curvature of fiber bending so that the light signal is modulated by both portions of the fiber at separate frequencies. The modulated light signal is transduced into a electrical signal. The separate modulation signals are detected to generate separate signals having frequencies corresponding to the reference and measuring vibrating sections of the continuous fiber, respectively. A signal proportional to the difference between these signals is generated which is indicative of the measured pressure differential across the diaphragm. The reference portion of the fiber is used to compensate the pressure signal for zero and span changes resulting from ambient temperature and humidity effects upon the fiber and the transducer fixture.

Fasching, George E. (Morgantown, WV); Goff, David R. (Christiansburg, VA)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Interfacial Studies of Sized Carbon Fiber  

SciTech Connect

This study was performed to investigate the influence of sizing treatment on carbon fiber in respect of interfacial adhesion in composite materials, Epolam registered 2025. Fortafil unsized carbon fiber was used to performed the experiment. The fiber was commercially surface treated and it was a polyacrylonitrile based carbon fiber with 3000 filament per strand. Epicure registered 3370 was used as basic sizing chemical and dissolved in two types of solvent, ethanol and acetone for the comparison purpose. The single pull out test has been used to determine the influence of sizing on carbon fiber. The morphology of carbon fiber was observed by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The apparent interfacial strength IFSS values determined by pull out test for the Epicure registered 3370/ethanol sized carbon fiber pointed to a good interfacial behaviour compared to the Epicure registered 3370/acetone sized carbon fiber. The Epicure registered 3370/ethanol sizing agent was found to be effective in promoting adhesion because of the chemical reactions between the sizing and Epolam registered 2025 during the curing process. From this work, it showed that sized carbon fiber using Epicure registered 3370 with addition of ethanol give higher mechanical properties of carbon fiber in terms of shear strength and also provided a good adhesion between fiber and matrix compared to the sizing chemical that contain acetone as a solvent.

Shahrul, S. N.; Hartini, M. N.; Hilmi, E. A.; Nizam, A. [Nanomaterials Program, Advance Materials Centre (AMREC), SIRIM Berhad, Lot 34, Jalan Hi-Tech Park, 09000, Kulim, Kedah (Malaysia)

2010-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

183

Electrical Properties of Carbon Fiber Support Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon fiber support structures have become common elements of detector designs for high energy physics experiments. Carbon fiber has many mechanical advantages but it is also characterized by high conductivity, particularly at high frequency, with associated design issues. This paper discusses the elements required for sound electrical performance of silicon detectors employing carbon fiber support elements. Tests on carbon fiber structures are presented indicating that carbon fiber must be regarded as a conductor for the frequency region of 10 to 100 MHz. The general principles of grounding configurations involving carbon fiber structures will be discussed. To illustrate the design requirements, measurements performed with a silicon detector on a carbon fiber support structure at small radius are presented. A grounding scheme employing copper-kapton mesh circuits is described and shown to provide adequate and robust detector performance.

W. Cooper; C. Daly; M. Demarteau; J. Fast; K. Hanagaki; M. Johnson; W. Kuykendall; H. Lubatti; M. Matulik; A. Nomerotski; B. Quinn; J. Wang

2005-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

184

Electrical Properties of Carbon Fiber Support Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon fiber support structures have become common elements of detector designs for high energy physics experiments. Carbon fiber has many mechanical advantages but it is also characterized by high conductivity, particularly at high frequency, with associated design issues. This paper discusses the elements required for sound electrical performance of silicon detectors employing carbon fiber support elements. Tests on carbon fiber structures are presented indicating that carbon fiber must be regarded as a conductor for the frequency region of 10 to 100 MHz. The general principles of grounding configurations involving carbon fiber structures will be discussed. To illustrate the design requirements, measurements performed with a silicon detector on a carbon fiber support structure at small radius are presented. A grounding scheme employing copper-kapton mesh circuits is described and shown to provide adequate and robust detector performance.

Cooper, W; Demarteau, M; Fast, J; Hanagaki, K; Johnson, M; Kuykendall, W; Lubatti, H; Matulik, M; Nomerotski, A; Quinn, B; Wang, J

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Mapping in-field cotton fiber quality and relating it to soil moisture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The overarching goal of this dissertation project was to address several fundamental aspects of applying site-specific crop management for fiber quality in cotton production. A two-year (2005 and 2006) field study was conducted at the IMPACT Center, a portion of the Texas A&M Research farm near College Station, Texas, to explore the spatial variability of cotton fiber quality and quantify its relationship with in-season soil moisture content. Cotton samples and in-situ soil moisture measurements were taken from the sampling locations in both irrigated and dry areas. It was found that generally low variability (CV wireless- and GPS-based system was fabricated and developed for automated module-level fiber quality mapping. The system is composed of several subsystems distributed among harvest vehicles, and the main components of the system include a GPS receiver, wireless transceivers, and microcontrollers. Software was developed in C language to achieve GPS signal receiving, wireless communication, and other auxiliary functions. The system was capable of delineating the geographic boundary of each harvested basket and tracking it from the harvester basket to the boll buggy and the module builder. When fiber quality data are available at gins or classing offices, they can be associated with those geographic boundaries to realize fiber quality mapping. Field tests indicated that the prototype system performed as designed. The resultant fiber quality maps can be used to readily differentiate some HVI fiber parameters (micronaire, color, and loan value) at the module level, indicating the competence of the system for fiber quality mapping and its potential for site-specific fiber quality management. Future improvements needed to make system suitable for a full-scale farming operation are suggested.

Ge, Yufeng

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Investigation of Polymer Resin/Fiber Compatibility in Natural Fiber Reinforced Composite Automotive Materials  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Natural fibers represent a lower density and potentially lower cost alternative to glass fibers for reinforcement of polymers in automotive composites. The high specific modulus and strength of bast fibers make them an attractive option to replace glass not only in non-structural automotive components, but also in semi-structural and structural components. Significant barriers to insertion of bast fibers in the fiber reinforced automotive composite market include the high moisture uptake of this lignocellulosic material relative to glass and the weak inherent interface between natural fibers and automotive resins. This work seeks to improve the moisture uptake and resin interfacing properties of natural fibers through improved fundamental understanding of fiber physiochemical architecture and development of tailored fiber surface modification strategies.

Fifield, Leonard S.; Huang, Cheng; Simmons, Kevin L.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Life Cycle Assessment of Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Composites  

SciTech Connect

Carbon fiber-reinforced polymer matrix composites is gaining momentum with the pressure to lightweight vehicles, however energy-intensity and cost remain some of the major barriers before this material could be used in large-scale automotive applications. A representative automotive part, i.e., a 30.8 kg steel floor pan having a 17% weight reduction potential with stringent cash performance requirements has been considered for the life cycle energy and emissions analysis based on the latest developments occurring in the precursor type (conventional textile-based PAN vs. renewable-based lignin), part manufacturing (conventional SMC vs. P4) and fiber recycling technologies. Carbon fiber production is estimated to be about 14 times more energy-intensive than conventional steel production, however life cycle primary energy use is estimated to be quite similar to the conventional part, i.e., 18,500 MJ/part, especially when considering the uncertainty in LCI data that exists from using numerous sources in the literature. Lignin P4 technology offers the most life cycle energy and CO2 emissions benefits compared to a conventional stamped steel technology. With a 20% reduction in energy use in the lignin conversion to carbon fiber and free availability of lignin as a by-product of ethanol and wood production, a 30% reduction in life cycle energy use could be obtained. A similar level of life cycle energy savings could also be obtained with a higher part weight reduction potential of 43%.

Das, Sujit [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Patterned functional carbon fibers from polyethylene  

SciTech Connect

Patterned, continuous carbon fibers with controlled surface geometry were produced from a novel melt-processible carbon precursor. This portends the use of a unique technique to produce such technologically innovative fibers in large volume for important applications. The novelties of this technique include ease of designing and fabricating fibers with customized surface contour, the ability to manipulate filament diameter from submicron scale to a couple of orders of magnitude larger scale, and the amenable porosity gradient across the carbon wall by diffusion controlled functionalization of precursor. The geometry of fiber cross-section was tailored by using bicomponent melt-spinning with shaped dies and controlling the melt-processing of the precursor polymer. Circular, trilobal, gear-shaped hollow fibers, and solid star-shaped carbon fibers of 0.5 - 20 um diameters, either in self-assembled bundle form, or non-bonded loose filament form, were produced by carbonizing functionalized-polyethylene fibers. Prior to carbonization, melt-spun fibers were converted to a char-forming mass by optimizing the sulfonation on polyethylene macromolecules. The fibers exhibited distinctly ordered carbon morphologies at the outside skin compared to the inner surface or fiber core. Such order in carbon microstructure can be further tuned by altering processing parameters. Partially sulfonated polyethylene-derived hollow carbon fibers exhibit 2-10 fold surface area (50-500 m2/g) compared to the solid fibers (10-25 m2/g) with pore sizes closer to the inside diameter of the filaments larger than the sizes on the outer layer. These specially functionalized carbon fibers hold promise for extraordinary performance improvements when used, for example, as composite reinforcements, catalyst support media, membranes for gas separation, CO2 sorbents, and active electrodes and current collectors for energy storage applications.

Hunt, Marcus A [ORNL; Saito, Tomonori [ORNL; Brown, Rebecca H [ORNL; Kumbhar, Amar S [University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill; Naskar, Amit K [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Carbon fibers from SRC pitch  

SciTech Connect

This invention relates to an improved method of manufacturing carbon fibers from a coal derived pitch. The improvement resides in the use of a solvent refined coal which has been hydrotreated and subjected to solvent extraction whereby the hetero atom content in the resulting product is less than 4.0% by weight and the softening point is between about 100.degree.-250.degree. F.

Greskovich, Eugene J. (Allentown, PA); Givens, Edwin N. (Bethlehem, PA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Macro Fiber Piezocomposite Actuator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The performance and advantages of Piezocomposite Actuators are to provide a low cost, in-situ actuator/sensor that is flexible, low profile and high strain per volt performance in the same plane of poled voltage. This paper extends reported data for the performance of these Macrofiber Composite (MFC) Actuators to include 4 progressively narrower Intedigitized electrode configurations with several line widths and spacing ratios. Data is reported for max free strain, average strain per applied volt, poling (alignment of the electric dipoles of the PZT ceramic) voltage vs. strain and capacitance, time to poling voltage 95% saturation. The output strain per volt progressively increases as electrode spacing decreases, with saturation occurring at lower poling voltages. The narrowest spacing ratio becomes prone to voltage breakdown or short circuits limiting the spacing width with current fabrication methods. The capacitance generally increases with increasing poling voltage level but has high sensitivity to factors such as temperature , moisture and time from poling which limit its usefulness as a simple indicator. The total time of applied poling voltage to saturate or fully line up the dipoles in the piezoceramic was generally on the order of 5-20 seconds. Less sensitivity to poling due to the applied rate of voltage increase over a 25 to 500 volt/second rate range was observed. 1.

Langley Research Center; Rudy J. Werlink; Robert G. Bryant; Dennis Manos

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Hybrid Solar Lighting - Fiber Optics Brings Sunlight Inside  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hybrid solar lighting systems focus highly concentrated sunlight into a fiber optic bundle to provide sunlight in rooms without windows or conventional skylights. The flexible sunlight bundles are easily routed through small openings and around obstacles to carry the light to where it is needed. The optical fibers terminate in hybrid luminaires where the sunlight is combined with electric light that is automatically adjusted to keep the overall light level constant within the lighted area. The hybrid solar lighting concept was originally proposed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee in the mid-1990s, but funding hurdles prevented the idea from seeing daylight for more than five years. Hybrid solar lighting was touted as a means for using solar energy directly without any conversion losses and for increasing the visual quality of interior lighting. As such, it promised to be both energy-efficient and aesthetically appealing, but its technical complexity made potential sponsors wary. They had to be convinced that the lighting concept could be accepted into the marketplace and that the systems could be manufactured at an acceptable cost. An earlier fiber-coupled daylighting system marketed in the early 1990s used expensive quartz optical fibers to distribute the light and served only a niche market that was willing to pay a premium for the novelty. By contrast, the hybrid solar lighting system proposed using inexpensive plastic optical fibers to distribute the light to hybrid (sunlight/electric) luminaires that would be visually and functionally identical to conventional luminaires. In this way, the lighting could be integrated seamlessly into existing design concepts and thus easily embraced by architects and lighting designers as a means for offering daylight as a lighting option.

Maxey, L Curt [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Inheritance of cotton fiber length and distribution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fiber quality data from five upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) genotypes, which were grown at College Station, TX during 2001 and 2002, were subjected to diallel and generation means analyses to determine the potential for improvement of fiber length and to determine the inheritance of length distribution data. Four near-long staple (NLS) upland cotton genotypes and one short-staple genotype were crossed in all combinations, excluding reciprocals. Estimates of general (GCA) and specific combining ability (SCA) for fiber length based on Griffingâ??s diallel Model I, Method 4 were calculated for high volume instrumentation (HVI) upper-half mean (UHM) fiber length and advance fiber information system (AFIS) mean fiber length by weight (FLw), mean fiber length by number (FLn), upper quartile length by weight (Uqlw), fiber length distribution cross entropy (using 3 different standard or check distributions - CEA, CEB, and CEC), fiber length distribution kurtosis (FLwKurt), and fiber length distribution skewness (FLwSkew) for FLw. Across environments, GCA effects were significant for fiber length measurements of UHM, FLw, FLn, Uqlw, and SFCw and distribution measurements of CEA, CEB, FLwKurt, and FLwSkew. On the basis of GCA effects, TAM 94L-25 was the best parent to be used in a cross to improve upland fiber length, while Acala 1517-99 was the parent of choice to improve distribution among the 4 parents tested. The inheritance of AFIS fiber length measurements and distribution data was estimated using parents, F1, F2, and backcross generations. The magnitude and significance of the estimates for non-allelic effects in the parental combinations suggest that epistatic gene effects are present and important in the basic mechanism of AFIS fiber length and length distribution inheritance for the populations studied. Gene effects and variances for all AFIS fiber length and distribution data measurements were inherited differently in different environments and specific parental combination, suggesting environmentally specific mechanisms. Developing genotypes with enhanced fiber length and an optimal fiber length distribution should be a priority to improve spinning performance and product quality of U.S. upland cotton.

Braden, Chris Alan

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Occultation of the radio source 2019+098 (3C411) by comet 1983e (Sugano-Saigusa-Fujikawa)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

[This cometary occultation observation from June 1983 remained to be formally reported due to other preoccupations of the authors. It was presented in seminars to colleagues at Ooty, Bangalore and elsewhere. We now write it up as we have been asked about it by various colleagues at various times, and feel we owe it to them to put it firmly on record.] We planned and observed with Ooty Radio Telescope the occultation with Comet 1983e Sugano-Saigusa-Fujikawa of the extragalactic radio source 2019+098 = 3C411. The results are presented formally for the first time, along with a brief account of other cometary occultations and general background of planning, execution and interpretation of such observations which will be useful for other future observers. The occultation occurred at 07:52 IST on 12th June 1983. It amounted to 25% peak to peak fluctuation in the flux density of the radio source. The rough predicted occultation time was 07:24 IST. We interpret the results after refining the occultation time to allow...

Ananthakrishnan, S

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Improvement of Cotton Fiber Maturity and Assessment of Intra-Plant Fiber Variability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The temporal system of fruiting on the cotton plant lends itself to bolls at different fruiting sites developing under different environmental conditions and with varied source-sink relationships. To investigate this, intra-plant fiber quality was assessed in four upland cultivars at College Station, Texas for three years and at Lubbock, Texas for two years. It was concluded that fiber quality steadily declines from the bottom sympodial branches towards the upper branches. 'FiberMax 832' had the best fiber quality among all cultivars but it also had the highest degree of variability within the plants. 'Half and Half' and 'Acala 1517-99' appear to have the least amount of intra-plant variability of fiber quality. Bolls from the bottom region of the plant have higher trash content compared to the upper region. To test the impact of fiber quality variability on boll sampling techniques employed, ten sampling protocols were compared against each other for three years in College Station, Texas, for two upland cultivars. Results suggest that randomized boll samples containing 50 bolls worked well to estimate inherent fiber quality for most fiber traits while estimation of trash and lint percent was not predictable based on boll samples. One of the problems associated with intra-plant fiber variability was the presence of immature fibers. In order to determine the potential for improvement of fiber maturity and standard fineness, five upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) genotypes were subjected to a diallel analysis at College Station, Texas, in 2011. Four cultivars that tend to produce fine and mature fibers and one cultivar that tends to produce coarse fibers were intermated in all combinations, without reciprocals. Estimates of general (GCA) and specific combining ability (SCA) for fiber maturity ratio and standard fineness based on Griffing's diallel Model I, Method 4 were calculated for AFIS and fiber micronaire, length and strength measurements for High Volume Instrument (HVI). Four parents had significant GCA effects and Acala 1517-99 was found to be the best parent for improving standard fineness followed by FiberMax 832 and 'Tamcot HQ-95'. Tamcot HQ-95 was the best parent to improve fiber maturity ratio while 'Deltapine 90' was the best parent to reduce fiber maturity ratio. The specific cross between Acala 1517-99 and Tamcot HQ-95 had the best performance. Diallel analysis indicated that fiber maturity ratio was influenced by non-additive gene effects more than additive gene effects while fiber standard fineness was highly influenced by additive gene effects. Developing cultivars with optimal fiber standard fineness and maturity should be prioritized to address problems associated with neps and short fiber content and improve spinning performance of US cotton.

Kothari, Neha

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Analysis of the topochemical effects of dielectric-barrier discharge on cellulosic fibers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study investigates the fundamental topochemical effects of dielectric-barrier discharge treatment on bleached chemical pulp and unbleached mechanical pulp fiber surfaces. Fibers were treated with various levels of dielectric-barrier discharge treatment ranging from 0 to 9.27 kw/m2/min. Changes to the fiber surface topochemistry were investigated by atomic force microscopy (AFM). The AFM studies were complemented by inverse gas chromatography (IGC), contact angle evaluation, poly-electrolyte titration, viscosity testing and determination of water retention value (WRV). The static coefficient of friction and zero-span tensile index of sheets were also evaluated. Low dielectric-barrier discharge treatment levels resulted in increased surface energy and roughness. Fibers treated at high applied power levels showed surface energies and roughness levels near that of reference samples as well as evidence of degradation and decreased fiber swelling. Abbreviations: AFM- atomic force microscopy; BKP- bleached kraft pulp; IGC- inverse gas chromatography; TMP- thermomechanical pulp; WRV- water retention value.

Lorraine C. V; Thomas Lder; Arthur J. A~auskas

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Conversion of Ultra High Performance Carbon Fiber  

Conversion of Ultra High Performance Carbon Fiber Note: The technology described above is an early stage opportunity. Licensing rights to this intellectual property may

197

Finding Inspiration in Spider Silk Fibers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Finding Inspiration in Argiope Trifasciata Spider Silk Fibers. Manuel Elices, Jos Prez-Rigueiro, Gustavo R. Plaza, and Gustavo V. Guinea...

198

Remote Synchrotron Light Instrumentation Using Optical Fibers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

et al. , Fiberoptics-based Instrumentation for Storage RingSYNCHROTRON LIGHT INSTRUMENTATION USING OPTICAL FIBERS * S.beam diagnostic instrumentation that measures longitudinal

De Santis, S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

ELECTROSPUN POLYMER-FIBER SOLAR CELL.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A study of fabricating the first electrospun polymer-fiber solar cell with MEHPPV is presented. Motivation for the work and a brief history of solar cell (more)

Nagata, Shinobu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Carbon Fiber Damage in Accelerator Beam  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon fibers are commonly used as moving targets in Beam Wire Scanners. Because of their thermomechanical properties they are very resistant to particle beams. Their strength deteriorates with time due to radiation damage and low-cycle thermal fatigue. In case of high intensity beams this process can accelerate and in extreme cases the fiber is damaged during a single scan. In this work a model describing the fiber temperature, thermionic emission and sublimation is discussed. Results are compared with fiber damage test performed on SPS beam in November 2008. In conclusions the limits of Wire Scanner operation on high intensity beams are drawn.

Sapinski, M; Guerrero, A; Koopman, J; Mtral, E

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

How does the chromatin fiber deal with topological constraints?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the nuclei of eukaryotic cells, DNA is packaged through several levels of compaction in an orderly retrievable way that enables the correct regulation of gene expression. The functional dynamics of this assembly involves the unwinding of the so-called 30 nm chromatin fiber and accordingly imposes strong topological constraints. We present a general method for computing both the twist and the writhe of any winding pattern. An explicit derivation is implemented for the chromatin fiber which provides the linking number of DNA in eukaryotic chromosomes. We show that there exists one and only one unwinding path which satisfies both topological and mechanical constraints that DNA has to deal with during condensation/decondensation processes.

Maria Barbi; Julien Mozziconacci; Jean-Marc Victor

2004-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

202

SHEAR WAVE SEISMIC STUDY COMPARING 9C3D SV AND SH IMAGES WITH 3C3D C-WAVE IMAGES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this study was to compare the relative merits of shear-wave (S-wave) seismic data acquired with nine-component (9-C) technology and with three-component (3-C) technology. The original proposal was written as if the investigation would be restricted to a single 9-C seismic survey in southwest Kansas (the Ashland survey), on the basis of the assumption that both 9-C and 3-C S-wave images could be created from that one data set. The Ashland survey was designed as a 9-C seismic program. We found that although the acquisition geometry was adequate for 9-C data analysis, the source-receiver geometry did not allow 3-C data to be extracted on an equitable and competitive basis with 9-C data. To do a fair assessment of the relative value of 9-C and 3-C seismic S-wave data, we expanded the study beyond the Ashland survey and included multicomponent seismic data from surveys done in a variety of basins. These additional data were made available through the Bureau of Economic Geology, our research subcontractor. Bureau scientists have added theoretical analyses to this report that provide valuable insights into several key distinctions between 9-C and 3-C seismic data. These theoretical considerations about distinctions between 3-C and 9-C S-wave data are presented first, followed by a discussion of differences between processing 9-C common-midpoint data and 3-C common-conversion-point data. Examples of 9-C and 3-C data are illustrated and discussed in the last part of the report. The key findings of this study are that each S-wave mode (SH-SH, SV-SV, or PSV) involves a different subsurface illumination pattern and a different reflectivity behavior and that each mode senses a different Earth fabric along its propagation path because of the unique orientation of its particle-displacement vector. As a result of the distinct orientation of each mode's particle-displacement vector, one mode may react to a critical geologic condition in a more optimal way than do the other modes. A conclusion of the study is that 9-C seismic data contain more rock and fluid information and more sequence and facies information than do 3-C seismic data; 9-C data should therefore be acquired in multicomponent seismic programs whenever possible.

John Beecherl; Bob A. Hardage

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

THE PROPERTIES OF TWO LOW-REDSHIFT O VI ABSORBERS AND THEIR ASSOCIATED GALAXIES TOWARD 3C 263 ,  

SciTech Connect

Ultraviolet observations of the QSO 3C 263 (z{sub em} = 0.652) with Cosmic Origins Spectrograph and FUSE reveal O VI absorption systems at z = 0.06342 and 0.14072. WIYN multi-object spectrograph observations provide information about the galaxies associated with the absorbers. The multi-phase system at z = 0.06342 traces cool photoionized gas and warm collisionally ionized gas associated with an L {approx} 0.31 L* compact spiral emission line galaxy with an impact parameter of 63 kpc. The cool photoionized gas in the absorber is well modeled, with log U {approx} -2.6, log N(H) {approx} 17.8, log n(H) {approx} -3.3 and [Si/H] = -0.14 {+-} 0.23. The collisionally ionized gas containing C IV and O VI probably arises in cooling shock-heated transition temperature gas with log T {approx} 5.5. The absorber is likely tracing circumgalactic gas enriched by gas ejected from the spiral emission line galaxy. The simple system at z = 0.14072 only contains O VI and broad and narrow H I. The O VI with b = 33.4 {+-} 11.9 km s{sup -1} is likely associated with the broad H I {lambda}1215 absorption, with b = 86.7 {+-} 15.4 km s{sup -1}. The difference in Doppler parameters implies the detection of a very large column of warm gas with log T = 5.61(+0.16, -0.25), log N(H) = 19.54(+0.26, -0.44), and [O/H] = -1.48 (+0.46, -0.26). This absorber is possibly associated with a 1.6 L* absorption line galaxy with an impact parameter of 617 kpc, although an origin in warm filament gas or in the halo of a fainter galaxy is more likely.

Savage, B. D.; Kim, T.-S.; Wakker, B. P. [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706 (United States); Keeney, B.; Stocke, J.; Syphers, D. [CASA, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States); Narayanan, A. [Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram 695547, Kerala (India)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

A LASER-BASED MONODISPERSE CARBON FIBER GENERATOR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

L. (1979) "Release of Carbon Fibers from Burning Composites"2119, p. 29. NASA (1978) "Carbon Fiber Study" NASA TechnicalA. L. Jr. (1980) "A Carbon Fiber Exposure Test Facility and

Loo, Billy W.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Correlating Detergent Fiber Analysis and Dietary Fiber Analysis Data for Corn Stover  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There exist large amounts of detergent fiber analysis data [neutral detergent fiber (NDF), acid detergent fiber (ADF), acid detergent lignin (ADL)] for many different potential cellulosic ethanol feedstocks, since these techniques are widely used for the analysis of forages. Researchers working in the area of cellulosic ethanol are interested in the structural carbohydrates in a feedstock (principally glucan and xylan), which are typically determined by acid hydrolysis of the structural fraction after multiple extractions of the biomass. These so-called dietary fiber analysis methods are significantly more involved than detergent fiber analysis methods. The purpose of this study was to determine whether it is feasible to correlate detergent fiber analysis values to glucan and xylan content determined by dietary fiber analysis methods for corn stover. In the detergent fiber analysis literature cellulose is often estimated as the difference between ADF and ADL, while hemicellulose is often estimated as the difference between NDF and ADF. Examination of a corn stover dataset containing both detergent fiber analysis data and dietary fiber analysis data predicted using near infrared spectroscopy shows that correlations between structural glucan measured using dietary fiber techniques and cellulose estimated using detergent techniques, and between structural xylan measured using dietary fiber techniques and hemicellulose estimated using detergent techniques are high, but are driven largely by the underlying correlation between total extractives measured by fiber analysis and NDF/ADF. That is, detergent analysis data is correlated to dietary fiber analysis data for structural carbohydrates, but only indirectly; the main correlation is between detergent analysis data and solvent extraction data produced during the dietary fiber analysis procedure.

Wolfrum, E. J.; Lorenz, A. J.; deLeon, N.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Fiber optic inclination detector system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fiber optic inclination detector system for determining the angular displacement of an object from a reference surface includes a simple mechanical transducer which requires a minimum number of parts and no electrical components. The system employs a single light beam which is split into two light beams and provided to the transducer. Each light beam is amplitude modulated upon reflecting off the transducer to detect inclination. The power values associated with each of the reflected light beams are converted by a pair of photodetectors into voltage signals, and a microprocessor manipulates the voltage signals to provide a measure of the angular displacement between the object and the reference surface.

Cwalinski, J.P.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

207

Method and Apparatus for Three-Dimensional Carbon Fiber Production  

UCF researchers have discovered a method for producing three-dimensional carbon fibers. These novel fibers have a surface area approximately two ...

208

Fiber Bridging Model for Reinforced-Carbon-Carbon  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Professor K. K. Chawla Honorary Symposium on Fibers, Foams and ... fiber bridging and resistance-curve behavior in reinforced-carbon-carbon (

209

Carbon fiber/vinylester composites in the marine environment.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In this research, the degradation of carbon fiber/vinylester composites in marine environments was experimentally investigated. Additionally, two types of carbon fiber surface treatments, namely Polyhedral (more)

Vinci, Chris J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Novel method for carbon nanofilament growth on carbon fibers.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Carbon nanofilaments were grown on the surface of microscale carbon-fibers at relatively low temperature using palladium as a catalyst to create multiscale fiber reinforcing structures (more)

Garcia, Daniel

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Oak Ridge National Laboratory Carbon Fiber Technology Facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Oak Ridge National Laboratory Carbon Fiber Technology Facility Low-Cost Carbon Fiber | Proposal Guidelines Proposal Guidelines Proposals should be no more than 5 single spaced...

212

Three-dimensional carbon fibers and method and apparatus for ...  

Method and Apparatus for Three-Dimensional Carbon Fiber Production: Abstract: This invention relates to novel three-dimensional (3D) carbon fibers which are original ...

213

Quantum state tomography of a fiber-based source of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 2. RP Feynman, RB Leighton, RB and ML Sands, The Feynman Lectures ... fiber because the centro- symmetry of single-mode fiber glass allows no ...

2010-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

214

Fiber optic probe having fibers with endfaces formed for improved coupling efficiency and method using same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fiber optic probe is disclosed for detecting scattered light, with transmitting and receiving fibers having slanted ends and bundled together to form a bevel within the tip of the probe. The probe comprises a housing with a transparent window across its tip for protecting the transmitting and receiving fibers held therein. The endfaces of the fibers are slanted, by cutting, polishing and the like, so that they lie in a plane that is not perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the respective fiber. The fibers are held in the tip of the probe using an epoxy and oriented so that lines normal to the slanted endfaces are divergent with respect to one another. The epoxy, which is positioned substantially between the transmitting and receiving fibers, is tapered so that the transmitting fiber, the epoxy and the receiving fiber form a bevel of not more than 20 degrees. The angled fiber endfaces cause directing of the light cones toward each other, resulting in improved light coupling efficiency. A light absorber, such as carbon black, is contained in the epoxy to reduce crosstalk between the transmitting and receiving fibers. 3 figures.

O`Rourke, P.E.; Livingston, R.R.

1995-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

215

Fiber optic probe having fibers with endfaces formed for improved coupling efficiency and method using same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fiber optic probe for detecting scattered light, with transmitting and receiving fibers having slanted ends and bundled together to form a bevel within the tip of the probe. The probe comprises a housing with a transparent window across its tip for protecting the transmitting and receiving fibers held therein. The endfaces of the fibers are slanted, by cutting, polishing and the like, so that they lie in a plane that is not perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the respective fiber. The fibers are held in the tip of the probe using an epoxy and oriented so that lines normal to the slanted endfaces are divergent with respect to one another. The epoxy, which is positioned substantially between the transmitting and receiving fibers, is tapered so that the transmitting fiber, the epoxy and the receiving fiber form a bevel of not more than 20 degrees. The angled fiber endfaces cause directing of the light cones toward each other, resulting in improved light coupling efficiency. A light absorber, such as carbon black, is contained in the epoxy to reduce crosstalk between the transmitting and receiving fibers.

O' Rourke, Patrick E. (Martinez, GA); Livingston, Ronald R. (Aiken, SC)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Virtual klingler dissection: putting fibers into context  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fiber tracking is a standard tool to estimate the course of major white matter tracts from diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging (DT-MRI) data. In this work, we aim at supporting the visual analysis of classical streamlines from fiber tracking ...

T. Schultz; N. Sauber; A. Anwander; H. Theisel; H.-P. Seidel

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

The Transport Properties of Activated Carbon Fibers  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

The transport properties of activated isotropic pitch-based carbon fibers with surface area 1000 m{sup 2}/g have been investigated. We report preliminary results on the electrical conductivity, the magnetoresistance, the thermal conductivity and the thermopower of these fibers as a function of temperature. Comparisons are made to transport properties of other disordered carbons.

di Vittorio, S. L.; Dresselhaus, M. S.; Endo, M.; Issi, J-P.; Piraux, L.

1990-07-00T23:59:59.000Z

218

Assessment of fiber optic pressure sensors  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of a six-month Phase 1 study to establish the state-of-the-art in fiber optic pressure sensing and describes the design and principle of operation of various fiber optic pressure sensors. This study involved a literature review, contact with experts in the field, an industrial survey, a site visit to a fiber optic sensor manufacturer, and laboratory testing of a fiber optic pressure sensor. The laboratory work involved both static and dynamic performance tests. In addition, current requirements for environmental and seismic qualification of sensors for nuclear power plants were reviewed to determine the extent of the qualification tests that fiber optic pressure sensors may have to meet before they can be used in nuclear power plants. This project has concluded that fiber optic pressure sensors are still in the research and development stage and only a few manufacturers exist in the US and abroad which supply suitable fiber optic pressure sensors for industrial applications. Presently, fiber optic pressure sensors are mostly used in special applications for which conventional sensors are not able to meet the requirements.

Hashemian, H.M.; Black, C.L.; Farmer, J.P. [Analysis and Measurement Services Corp., Knoxville, TN (United States)

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Fiber-optic voltage sensor with cladded fiber and evanescent wave variation detection  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fiber optic voltage sensor is described which includes a source of light, a reference fiber for receiving a known percentage of the light and an electrostrictive element having terminals across which is applied, a voltage to be measured. The electrostrictive element is responsive to the applied voltage to assume an altered physical state. A measuring fiber also receives a known percentage of light from the light source and is secured about the electrostrictive element. The measuring fiber is provided with a cladding and exhibits an evanescent wave in the cladding. The measuring fiber has a known length which is altered when the electrostrictive element assumes its altered physical state. A differential sensor is provided which senses the intensity of light in both the reference fiber and the measuring fiber and provides an output indicative of the difference between the intensities.

Wood, Charles B. (Lakewood, CO)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Fiber-optic voltage sensor with cladded fiber and evanescent wave variation detection  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fiber optic voltage sensor is described which includes a source of light, a reference fiber for receiving a known percentage of the light and an electrostrictive element having terminals across which is applied, a voltage to be measured. The electrostrictive element is responsive to the applied voltage to assume an altered physical state. A measuring fiber also receives a known percentage of light from the light source and is secured about the electrostrictive element. The measuring fiber is provided with a cladding and exhibits an evanescent wave in the cladding. The measuring fiber has a known length which is altered when the electrostrictive element assumes its altered physical state. A differential sensor is provided which senses the intensity of light in both the reference fiber and the measuring fiber and provides an output indicative of the difference between the intensities. 3 figs.

Wood, C.B.

1992-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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221

Online fiber-optic spectrophotometry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Savannah River Plant operates two radio-chemical separations areas to recover uranium and plutonium from nuclear reactor fuel and target assemblies. Chemical processes in these areas are controlled based on laboratory analysis of samples extracted from the process. While analytical results from the laboratory are reliable, the process of pulling samples, transporting them to the laboratory, analyzing them, and then reporting results is time consuming and potentially exposes many workers to highly radioactive solutions. To improve the timeliness of chemical information and reduce personnel radiation exposure, the Savannah River Laboratory has developed an online fiber optic spectrophotometer which combines three new technologies, fiber optics, diode array spectrophotometers, and multivariate data analysis. The analyzer monitors the uranium and nitrate concentration of seven aqueous process streams in a uranium purification process. The analyzer remotely controls the sampling of each process stream and monitors the relative flow rate through each sampler. Spectrophotometric data from the analyzer is processed by multivariate data analysis to give both uranium and nitrate concentrations as well as an indication of the quality of the data.

Van Hare, D.R.; O'Rourke, P.E.; Prather, W.S.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Remotely readable fiber optic compass  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A remotely readable fiber optic compass. A sheet polarizer is affixed to a magnet rotatably mounted in a compass body, such that the polarizer rotates with the magnet. The optical axis of the sheet polarizer is preferably aligned with the north-south axis of the magnet. A single excitation light beam is divided into four identical beams, two of which are passed through the sheet polarizer and through two fixed polarizing sheets which have their optical axes at right angles to one another. The angle of the compass magnet with respect to a fixed axis of the compass body can be determined by measuring the ratio of the intensities of the two light beams. The remaining ambiguity as to which of the four possible quadrants the magnet is pointing to is resolved by the second pair of light beams, which are passed through the sheet polarizer at positions which are transected by two semicircular opaque strips formed on the sheet polarizer. The incoming excitation beam and the four return beams are communicated by means of optical fibers, giving a remotely readable compass which has no electrical parts.

Migliori, A.; Swift, G.W.; Garrett, S.L.

1985-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

223

Method for preparing polyaniline fibers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Stable, concentrated solutions of high molecular weight polyaniline. In order to process high quality fibers and other articles possessing good mechanical properties, it is known that solution concentrations of the chosen polymer should be in the range from 15-30% (w/w). Moreover, it is desirable to use the highest molecular weight consistent with the solubility properties of the polymer. However, such solutions are inherently unstable, forming gels before processing can be achieved. The present invention describes the addition gel inhibitors (GIs) to the polymer solution, thereby permitting high concentrations (>15% (w/w)) of high molecular weight ((M.sub.w)>120,000, and (M.sub.n)>30,000) emeraldine base (EB) polyaniline to be dissolved. Secondary amines have been used for this purpose in concentrations which are small compared to those which might otherwise be used in a cosolvent role therefor. The resulting solutions are useful for generating excellent fibers, films, coatings and other objects, since the solutions are stable for significant time periods, and the GIs are present in too small concentrations to cause polymer deterioration. It is demonstrated that the GIs found to be useful do not act as cosolvents, and that gelation times of the solutions are directly proportional to the concentration of GI. In particular, there is a preferred concentration of GI, which if exceeded causes structural and electrical conductivity degradation of resulting articles. Heating of the solutions significantly improves solubility.

Mattes, Benjamin R. (Santa Fe, NM); Wang, Hsing-Lin (Los Alamos, NM)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Discovery of Very High Energy Gamma-Rays from the Distant Flat Spectrum Radio Quasar 3C 279 with the MAGIC Telescope  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The quasar 3C 279 is one of the best-studied flat spectrum radio quasars. It is located at a comparatively large redshift of z=0.536: E>100 GeV observations of such distant sources were until recently impossible both due to the expected steep energy spectrum and the expected attenuation of the gamma-rays by the extragalactic background light. Here we present results on the observation of 3C 279 with the MAGIC telescope in early 2006. We report the detection of a significant very high energy gamma-ray signal in the MAGIC energy range on the observation night of 2006 February 23.

Masahiro Teshima; Elisa Prandini; Rudolf Bock; Manel Errando; Daniel Kranich; Pratik Majumdar; Daniel Mazin; Elina Lindfors; Eckart Lorenz; Mose Mariotti; Villi Scalzotto; Robert Wagner

2007-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

225

Lower Cost, Higher Performance Carbon Fiber  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

David (Dave) Warren David (Dave) Warren Field Technical Manager Transportation Materials Research Oak Ridge National Laboratory P.O. Box 2009, M/S 8050 Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-8050 Phone: 865-574-9693 Fax: 865-574-0740 Email: WarrenCD@ORNL.GOV Lower Cost, Higher Performance Carbon Fiber 14 February 2011 2 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Presentation_name Questions for Today Materials How can the cost of carbon fiber suitable for higher performance applications (H 2 Storage) be developed? H 2 Storage requirements implies Aerospace grade fibers. Can we build off of work previously done for more modest structural applications? To accurately answer: We need to know the minimum performance and maximum cost requirements of the fiber not simply the properties of current fiber.

226

Methods And Apparatus For Acoustic Fiber Fractionation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods and apparatus for acoustic fiber fractionation using a plane ultrasonic wave field interacting with water suspended fibers circulating in a channel flow using acoustic radiation forces to separate fibers into two or more fractions based on fiber radius, with applications of the separation concept in the pulp and paper industry. The continuous process relies on the use of a wall-mounted, rectangular cross-section piezoelectric ceramic transducer to selectively deflect flowing fibers as they penetrate the ultrasonic field. The described embodiment uses a transducer frequency of approximately 150 kHz. Depending upon the amount of dissolved gas in water, separation is obtained using a standing or a traveling wave field.

Brodeur, Pierre (Smyrna, GA)

1999-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

227

Carbon fiber manufacturing via plasma technology  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosed invention introduces a novel method of manufacturing carbon and/or graphite fibers that avoids the high costs associated with conventional carbonization processes. The method of the present invention avoids these costs by utilizing plasma technology in connection with electromagnetic radiation to produce carbon and/or graphite fibers from fully or partially stabilized carbon fiber precursors. In general, the stabilized or partially stabilized carbon fiber precursors are placed under slight tension, in an oxygen-free atmosphere, and carbonized using a plasma and electromagnetic radiation having a power input which is increased as the fibers become more carbonized and progress towards a final carbon or graphite product. In an additional step, the final carbon or graphite product may be surface treated with an oxygen-plasma treatment to enhance adhesion to matrix materials.

Paulauskas, Felix L. (Knoxville, TN); Yarborough, Kenneth D. (Oak Ridge, TN); Meek, Thomas T. (Knoxville, TN)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Intercalation and buckling instability of DNA linker within locked chromatin fiber  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The chromatin fiber is a complex of DNA and specific proteins called histones forming the first structural level of organization of eukaryotic chromosomes. In tightly organized chromatin fibers, the short segments of naked DNA linking the nucleosomes are strongly end constrained. Longitudinal thermal fluctuations in these linkers allow intercalative mode of protein binding. We show that mechanical constraints generated in the first stage of the binding process induce linker DNA buckling; buckling in turn modifies the binding energies and activation barriers and creates a force of decondensation at the chromatin fiber level. The unique structure and properties of DNA thus yield a novel physical mechanism of buckling instability that might play a key role in the regulation of gene expression.

Jean-Marc Victor; Eli Ben-Ham; Annick Lesne

2002-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

229

Impact of Spatial Filtering on the Least Cost Path Method: Selecting a High-Speed Rail Route for Ohio's 3-C Corridor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the face of renewed interest in High-Speed Rail (HSR) projects, Ohio is one of several states seeking federal funding to relieve pressure on aging, overburdened highway infrastructure by constructing passenger rail routes between major cities. This ... Keywords: 3-C Corridor, High-Speed Rail, Least Cost Path, Ohio Hub Project, Rail Routing

Amy E. Rock; Amanda Mullett; Saad Algharib; Jared Schaffer; Jay Lee

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Multilayered thermal insulation formed of zirconia bonded layers of zirconia fibers and metal oxide fibers and method for making same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multilayered thermal insulating composite is formed of a first layer of zirconia-bonded zirconia fibers for utilization near the hot phase or surface of a furnace or the like. A second layer of zirconia-bonded metal oxide fibers is attached to the zirconia fiber layer by a transition layer formed of intermingled zirconia fibers and metal oxide fibers. The thermal insulation is fabricated by vacuum molding with the layers being sequentially applied from aqueous solutions containing the fibers to a configured mandrel. A portion of the solution containing the fibers forming the first layer is intermixed with the solution containing the fibers of the second layer for forming the layer of mixed fibers. The two layers of fibers joined together by the transition layer are saturated with a solution of zirconium oxynitrate which provides a zirconia matrix for the composite when the fibers are sintered together at their nexi.

Wrenn, Jr., George E. (Clinton, TN); Holcombe, Jr., Cressie E. (Farragut, TN)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Fiber optic D dimer biosensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fiber optic sensor for D dimer (a fibrinolytic product) can be used in vivo (e.g., in catheter-based procedures) for the diagnosis and treatment of stroke-related conditions in humans. Stroke is the third leading cause of death in the United States. It has been estimated that strokes and stroke-related disorders cost Americans between $15-30 billion annually. Relatively recently, new medical procedures have been developed for the treatment of stroke. These endovascular procedures rely upon the use of microcatheters. These procedures could be facilitated with this sensor for D dimer integrated with a microcatheter for the diagnosis of clot type, and as an indicator of the effectiveness, or end-point of thrombolytic therapy.

Glass, Robert S. (Livermore, CA); Grant, Sheila A. (Pleasanton, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Coated Fiber Neutron Detector Test  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radiation portal monitors used for interdiction of illicit materials at borders include highly sensitive neutron detection systems. The main reason for having neutron detection capability is to detect fission neutrons from plutonium. The currently deployed radiation portal monitors (RPMs) from Ludlum and Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC) use neutron detectors based upon 3He-filled gas proportional counters, which are the most common large neutron detector. There is a declining supply of 3He in the world, and thus, methods to reduce the use of this gas in RPMs with minimal changes to the current system designs and sensitivity to cargo-borne neutrons are being investigated. Reported here are the results of tests of the 6Li/ZnS(Ag)-coated non-scintillating plastic fibers option. This testing measured the required performance for neutron detection efficiency and gamma ray rejection capabilities of a system manufactured by Innovative American Technology (IAT).

Lintereur, Azaree T.; Ely, James H.; Kouzes, Richard T.; Stromswold, David C.

2009-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

233

Effects of hadron irradiation on scintillating fibers  

SciTech Connect

Trackers based on scintillating-fiber technology are being considered by the Solenoidal Detector Collaboration at SSC and the D[phi] collaboration at Fermilab. An important issue is the effect of the radiation existing in the detector cores on fiber properties. Most studies of radiation damage in scintillators have irradiated small bulk samples rather than fibers, and have used X-rays, [sup 60]Co gammas, or electron beams, often at accelerated rates. The authors have irradiated some 600 fibers in the Fermilab Tevatron C[phi] area, thereby obtaining a hadronic irradiation at realistic rates. Four-meter-long samples of ten Bicron polystyrene-based fiber types, maintained in air, dry nitrogen, argon, and vacuum atmospheres within stainless-steel tubes, were irradiated for seven weeks at various distances from the accelerator beam pipes. Maximum doses, measured by thermoluminescence detectors, were about 80 Krad. Fiber properties, particularly light yield and attenuation length, have been measured over a one-year period. A description of the work together with the results is presented. At the doses achieved, corresponding to a few years of actual fiber-tracking detector operation, little degradation is observed. In addition, recovery after several days' exposure to air has been noted. Properties of unirradiated samples kept in darkness show no changes after one year.

Atac, M. (Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States) Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (United States)); Buchanan, C.; Chrisman, D.; Cline, D.; Kolonko, J.; Kubic, J.; Park, J. (Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)); Baumbaugh, A.; Binkley, M.; Bross, A.D.; Finley, D.; Elias, J.; Foster, G.W.; Kephart, R.; Kephart, R.; Kim, C.; Park, H.; Pla-Dalmau, A.; Rivetta, C.; Tkaczyk, S.; Wagner, R. (Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (United States)); Chung, M.; Goldberg, H.; Jeskik, R.; Margulies, S.; Mendez, H.; Solomon, J.; Vaca, F. (Univ. of Illinois, Chicago, IL (United States)); Kelley, C. (Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Allied Health Sciences, Boston, MA (United States)); Baumbaugh, B.; Bishop, J.; Biswas, N.; Cason, N.; Jacques, J.; Kehoe, R.; Kelly, M.; Kenney, V.; LoSecco, J.; Ruchti, R.; Shephard, W.; Warchol, J.; Wayne, M.; Marchant, J.; Mountain, R.J. (Univ. of Notre Dame, IN (United States)); Davis, D.; Vandergriff, D. (O

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Microbend fiber-optic chemical sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microbend fiber-optic chemical sensor for detecting chemicals in a sample, and a method for its use, is disclosed. The sensor comprises at least one optical fiber having a microbend section (a section of small undulations in its axis), for transmitting and receiving light. In transmission, light guided through the microbend section scatters out of the fiber core and interacts, either directly or indirectly, with the chemical in the sample, inducing fluorescence radiation. Fluorescence radiation is scattered back into the microbend section and returned to an optical detector for determining characteristics of the fluorescence radiation quantifying the presence of a specific chemical.

Weiss, Jonathan D. (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

/sup 14/CO/sub 2/ pulse-/sup 12/CO/sub 2/ chase analyses of C/sub 4/-acid metabolism in C/sub 3/-C/sub 4/ intermediate species of Flaveria at the CO/sub 2/ compensation concentration (r). [Flaveria floridana; Flaveria anomala  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Photosynthetic C/sub 4/-acid metabolism in leaves of C/sub 3/-C/sub 4/ intermediate Flaveria species was examined by /sup 14/CO/sub 2/ pulse-/sup 12/CO/sub 2/ chase experiments conducted at external CO/sub 2/-levels approximating air and ..gamma... Analysis of the percent distribution of /sup 14/C after a 10-s pulse showed an enhanced labeling of malate and aspartate at ..gamma.. in the C/sub 3/-C/sub 4/ species. This stimulation of /sup 14/CO/sub 2/ fixation by PEP carboxylase ranged from 1.7-(F. floridana) to 3.6-fold (F. anomala). A /sup 12/CO/sub 2/-chase at ..gamma.. revealed a significant turnover of C/sub 4/ acids for only F. floridana. C/sub 4/-acid labeling in C/sub 3/ and C/sub 4/ Flaveria species was relatively unresponsive to changes in pCO/sub 2/. These data imply that the C/sub 3/-C/sub 4/ intermediate Flaveria species with less advanced C/sub 4/ attributes have a greater capacity for increased CO/sub 2/ fixation via PEP carboxylase at ..gamma.. versus air. Thus, labeling of C/sub 3/-C/sub 4/ leaves at ..sigma.. may be an effective tool for assessing the degree of true C/sub 4/-photosynthesis as well as the potential mechanism involved in reducing photorespiration.

Chastain, C.J.; Chollet, R.

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

New Energy-Saving Fiber Optic Lighting System Lights Up Public Spaces  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Focus to develop a Energy Focus to develop a breakthrough lighting technology that delivers light comparable to conventional lamps while using significantly less energy per lumen, reducing watts per square foot without sacrificing light levels. As a result of DOE SBIR and other government funding, EFO (efficient fiber optics) Lighting Systems can deliver as much as 80% energy savings over halogen or

237

A fiber damage model for early stage consolidation of metal-coated fibers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Continuous fiber reinforced titanium matrix composites (TMCs) possess combinations of specific modulus, strength, and creep resistance that are well suited for a variety of aerospace applications. Recent studies of the high temperature consolidation of titanium alloy coated {alpha}-alumina fiber tows and SiC monofilaments have both revealed the widespread occurrence of fiber bending and fracture during early stage consolidation. This damage was shown to arise from the bending of unaligned fibers during consolidation and was found to be affected by the mechanical behavior of the metal-metal contacts at fiber crossovers. To predict the incidence of fiber fracture during early stage high temperature consolidation, a time-temperature dependent micromechanical model incorporating the evolving contact geometry and mechanical behavior of both the metal matrix and the ceramic fibers has been combined with a statistical representation of crossovers in the pre-consolidated layup. The damage predictions are found to compare favorably with experimental results. The model has subsequently been used to explore the effects of fiber strength, matrix constitutive properties and the processing conditions upon the incidence of fiber fracture. It reveals the existence of a temperature dependent pressurization rate below which fracture is relatively unlikely. This critical pressure rate can be significantly increased by the enhanced superplasticity of the initially nanocrystalline coating.

Warren, J.; Elzey, D.M.; Wadley, H.N.G. [Univ. of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA (United States)

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Polyacrylonitrile / carbon nanotube composite fibers: effect of various processing parameters on fiber structure and properties .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study elucidates the effect of various processing parameters on polyacrylonitrile (PAN) /carbon nanotube (CNT) composite fiber structure and properties. Interaction between PAN and MWNT (more)

Choi, Young Ho

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Distributed Light Sensing with Convex Potential Fibers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on a photoconductive fiber that supports decaying and convex electrical potential profiles capable of localizing a point of illumination, and propose a scheme to perform distributed optical sensing.

Sorin, Fabien

240

Fiber to waveguide couplers for silicon photonics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As silicon photonics enters mainstream technology, we find ourselves in need of methods to seamlessly transfer light between the optical fibers of global scale telecommunications networks and the on-chip waveguides used ...

Montalbo, Trisha M., 1980-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Fiber-Optic Environmental Radiation Dosimeter - Energy ...  

Solar Thermal; Startup ... mm in diameter by 10 cm in length and is fiber-optic-coupled to a photodetec-tor that is remotely located away from the potential radiation ...

242

Fiber gasket and method of making same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gasket (1) is made by repetitively spirally winding a fiber (3) back on itself in a closed path. The gasket (1) so made has a multi-layer spiral winding (1) formed in a loop (5). The fiber (3) can be wound at a constant wrap rate to form a gasket with a uniform cross-section around the loop. Alternatively, the wrap rate can be varied, increased to increase cross-sectional bulk, and decreased to reduce cross-section bulk around the loop (5). Also, the spiral winding (7) can be applied over a core (13) of either strands of the fiber (3) or a dissimilar material providing a desired property such as resiliency, stiffness or others. For high temperature applications, a ceramic fiber (3) can be used. The gasket (1) can have any of various geometric configurations with or without a core (13).

Bruck, Gerald Joseph (Murrysville, PA); Alvin, Mary Anne (Pittsburgh, PA); Smeltzer, Eugene E. (Export, PA)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Investigation on digitized RF transport over fiber.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Finally, the thesis investigates the power consumptions and energy-saving potentials of the fiber-wireless integration techniques. A mathematical model for estimating the base station power consumption (more)

Yang, Yizhuo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Optoelectronic fiber webs for imaging applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We demonstrate the use of novel visible and infrared light-sensitive optoelectronic fiber in the development of large scale photodector arrays. Unlike conventional point photodetectors these one-dimensional linear photodectors ...

Arnold, Jerimy Reeves

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Cement Composites Reinforced by Short Curaua Fibers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Consolidation of Nanostructured Al-Powder Alloys by Hot Extrusion: Grain Size ... Shell Fiber and Electron-Beam Irradiation in Thermo-Mechanical Properties of HDPE ... with Malealated Polypropylene (MAPP) Produced by Reactive Extrusion

246

Structural retrofitting using fiber reinforced polymers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Over the past decades, fiber reinforced polymers (FRP) have been widely used in the aeronautical and naval industries. Being more costly than conventional Civil Engineering materials such as steel or concrete, they have ...

Dumas, Pierre, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Fabrication of microscale carbon nanotube fibers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have excellent mechanical, chemical, and electronic properties, but realizing these excellences in practical applications needs to assemble individual CNTs into larger-scale products. Recently, CNT fibers demonstrate the potential ...

Gengzhi Sun; Yani Zhang; Lianxi Zheng

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Fiber coupled optical spark delivery system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A spark delivery system for generating a spark using a laser beam is provided, the spark delivery system including a laser light source and a laser delivery assembly. The laser delivery assembly includes a hollow fiber and a launch assembly comprising launch focusing optics to input the laser beam in the hollow fiber. In addition, the laser delivery assembly includes exit focusing optics that demagnify an exit beam of laser light from the hollow fiber, thereby increasing the intensity of the laser beam and creating a spark. In accordance with embodiments of the present invention, the assembly may be used to create a spark in a combustion engine. In accordance with other embodiments of the present invention, a method of using the spark delivery system is provided. In addition, a method of choosing an appropriate fiber for creating a spark using a laser beam is also presented.

Yalin, Azer (Fort Collins, CO); Willson, Bryan (Fort Collins, CO); Defoort, Morgan (Fort Collins, CO)

2008-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

249

Fiber laser coupled optical spark delivery system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A spark delivery system for generating a spark using a laser beam is provided, and includes a laser light source and a laser delivery assembly. The laser delivery assembly includes a hollow fiber and a launch assembly comprising launch focusing optics to input the laser beam in the hollow fiber. The laser delivery assembly further includes exit focusing optics that demagnify an exit beam of laser light from the hollow fiber, thereby increasing the intensity of the laser beam and creating a spark. Other embodiments use a fiber laser to generate a spark. Embodiments of the present invention may be used to create a spark in an engine. Yet other embodiments include collecting light from the spark or a flame resulting from the spark and conveying the light for diagnostics. Methods of using the spark delivery systems and diagnostic systems are provided.

Yalin, Azer (Fort Collins, CO); Willson, Bryan (Fort Collins, CO); Defoort, Morgan (Fort Collins, CO); Joshi, Sachin (Fort Collins, CO); Reynolds, Adam (Fort Collins, CO)

2008-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

250

Radio over fiber in multimedia access networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dominant broadband access technologies today are Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) and hybrid fiber coaxial (HFC) networks. DSL leads, with global subscribers exceeding 100 million, while cable-modem subscribers worldwide total 55 million in 2005 [1]. Recently, ...

Xavier Fernando

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Plastic matrix composites with continuous fiber reinforcement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most plastic resins are not suitable for structural applications. Although many resins are extremely tough, most lack strength, stiffness, and deform under load with time. By mixing strong, stiff, fibrous materials into the plastic matrix, a variety of structural composite materials can be formed. The properties of these composites can be tailored by fiber selection, orientation, and other factors to suit specific applications. The advantages and disadvantages of fiberglass, carbon-graphite, aramid (Kevlar 49), and boron fibers are summarized.

NONE

1991-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

252

Fiber optics welder having movable aligning mirror  

SciTech Connect

A system for welding fiber optic waveguides together. The ends of the two fibers to be joined together are accurately, collinearly aligned in a vertical orientation and subjected to a controlled, diffuse arc to effect welding and thermal conditioning. A front-surfaced mirror mounted at a 45.degree. angle to the optical axis of a stereomicroscope mounted for viewing the junction of the ends provides two orthogonal views of the interface during the alignment operation.

Higgins, Robert W. (Los Alamos, NM); Robichaud, Roger E. (Jemez Springs, NM)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Fiber optic probe for light scattering measurements  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fiber optic probe and a method for using the probe for light scattering analyses of a sample. The probe includes a probe body with an inlet for admitting a sample into an interior sample chamber, a first optical fiber for transmitting light from a source into the chamber, and a second optical fiber for transmitting light to a detector such as a spectrophotometer. The interior surface of the probe carries a coating that substantially prevents non-scattered light from reaching the second fiber. The probe is placed in a region where the presence and concentration of an analyte of interest are to be detected, and a sample is admitted into the chamber. Exciting light is transmitted into the sample chamber by the first fiber, where the light interacts with the sample to produce Raman-scattered light. At least some of the Raman-scattered light is received by the second fiber and transmitted to the detector for analysis. Two Raman spectra are measured, at different pressures. The first spectrum is subtracted from the second to remove background effects, and the resulting sample Raman spectrum is compared to a set of stored library spectra to determine the presence and concentration of the analyte.

Nave, Stanley E. (Evans, GA); Livingston, Ronald R. (Aiken, SC); Prather, William S. (Augusta, GA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Fiber optic probe for light scattering measurements  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is comprised of a fiber optic probe and a method for using the probe for light scattering analyses of a sample. The probe includes a probe body with an inlet for admitting a sample into an interior sample chamber, a first optical fiber for transmitting light from a source into the chamber, and a second optical fiber for transmitting light to a detector such as a spectrophotometer. The interior surface of the probe carries a coating that substantially prevents non-scattered light from reaching the second fiber. The probe is placed in a region where the presence and concentration of an analyte of interest are to be detected, and a sample is admitted into the chamber. Exciting light is transmitted into the sample chamber by the first fiber, where the light interacts with the sample to produce Raman-scattered light. At least some of the Raman- scattered light is received by the second fiber and transmitted to the detector for analysis. Two Raman spectra are measured, at different pressures. The first spectrum is subtracted from the second to remove background effects, and the resulting sample Raman spectrum is compared to a set of stored library spectra to determine the presence and concentration of the analyte.

Nave, S.E.; Livingston, R.R.; Prather, W.S.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Effects of Phosphorous-doping and High Temperature Annealing on CVD grown 3C-SiC  

SciTech Connect

The integrity and property behavior of the SiC layer of the Tri-isotropic (TRISO) coated particle (CP) for high temperature reactors (HTR) are very important as the SiC layer is the main barrier for gaseous and metallic fission product release. This study describes the work done on un-irradiated SiC samples prepared with varying phosphorus levels to simulate the presence of phosphorus due to transmutation. 30Si transmutes to phosphorous (31P) and other transmutation products during irradiation, which may affect the integrity of the SiC layer. The P-doping levels of the SiC samples used in this study cover the range from 1.1x1015 to 1.2x1019 at/cm3 and are therefore relevant to the PBMR operating conditions. Annealing from 1000 C to 2100 C was performed to study the possible changes in nanostructures and various properties due to temperature. Characterization results by X-ray diffraction (XRD), secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), are reported in this article. As grain boundary diffusion is identified as a possible mechanism by which 110mAg, one of the fission activation products, might be released through intact SiC layer, grain size measurements is also included in this study. Temperature is evidently one of the factors/parameters amongst others known to influence the grain size of SiC and therefore it is important to investigate the effect of high temperature annealing on the SiC grain size. The ASTM E112 method as well as electron back scatter diffraction (EBSD) was used to determine the grain size of various commercial SiC samples and the SiC layer in experimental PBMR Coated Particles (CPs) after annealing at temperatures ranging from 1600 C to 2100 C. The HRTEM micrograph of the decomposition of SiC at 2100 C are shown and discussed. Nanotubes were not identified during the TEM and HRTEM analysis although graphitic structures were identified. The preliminary conclusion reached is that the P-content at these experimental levels (1.1x1015 - 1.2x1019 atom/cm3) does not have a significant influence on the nanostructure of SiC at high temperatures without irradiation.

I. J. van Rooyen; J. H. Neethling; A. Henry; E. Janzen; S. M. Mokoduwe; A. Janse van Vuuren; E. Olivier

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Data:52024bf6-9f08-4018-a00c-13b3c173db41 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

bf6-9f08-4018-a00c-13b3c173db41 bf6-9f08-4018-a00c-13b3c173db41 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Northern Electric Coop, Inc Effective date: 2012/04/01 End date if known: Rate name: RATE BR12 Air Conditioning (Commercial) Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: Rate Binder 5, Illinois State University Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

257

Data:Ec781b6b-cd43-4028-b51d-3c1b115ed6ab | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b6b-cd43-4028-b51d-3c1b115ed6ab b6b-cd43-4028-b51d-3c1b115ed6ab No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Sacramento Municipal Utility District Effective date: 2012/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: GSS_T Sector: Residential Description: Source or reference: https://www.smud.org/en/residential/customer-service/rate-information/rates-rules-regulations.htm Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring:

258

Data:B7c7d80c-bf58-466f-82bb-566ac3c36af0 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

d80c-bf58-466f-82bb-566ac3c36af0 d80c-bf58-466f-82bb-566ac3c36af0 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Trico Electric Cooperative Inc Effective date: 2009/08/01 End date if known: Rate name: Street Lighting-180 Watt LPS Sector: Commercial Description: *Applicable for lighting public streets,alleys and public parks. Subject to tax and wholesale power cost. Source or reference: http://www.trico.coop/images/TRICO_SL1.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage

259

Data:0ec1745f-9188-4f39-b3c6-28537c82bf4e | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

f-9188-4f39-b3c6-28537c82bf4e f-9188-4f39-b3c6-28537c82bf4e No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Detroit Edison Co Effective date: 2011/11/21 End date if known: Rate name: Alternative Electric Metal Melting 120 kv Transmission Sector: Industrial Description: Source or reference: www.dteenergy.com/pdfs/detroitEdisonTariff.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous

260

Data:1b2efb80-964b-4853-add3-c2cf5221b66f | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

efb80-964b-4853-add3-c2cf5221b66f efb80-964b-4853-add3-c2cf5221b66f No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Algoma Utility Comm Effective date: 2008/05/28 End date if known: Rate name: Residential Service Single-Phase Sector: Residential Description: This rate will be applied to residential single-phase customers for ordinary household purposes. Single-phase motors may not exceed 5 horsepower individual-rated capacity without utility permission. Rg-1 Residential Service $1.00 per customer per month Source or reference: http://www.algomautilities.com/media/Electric_Rate_Tariff_Sheets.pdf

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Data:4513176c-0d08-4d0f-8493-fedb3c8d0965 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

6c-0d08-4d0f-8493-fedb3c8d0965 6c-0d08-4d0f-8493-fedb3c8d0965 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Anoka, Minnesota (Utility Company) Effective date: 2012/04/01 End date if known: Rate name: Parallel Generation Rate Time of Day Purchase Rate Residential Sector: Residential Description: Less than 40 KW Source or reference: Rate Binder Kelly 3 ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category:

262

Data:A5525e2d-0a3c-4be2-805d-34f790026c3f | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

25e2d-0a3c-4be2-805d-34f790026c3f 25e2d-0a3c-4be2-805d-34f790026c3f No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Williams - AZ, Arizona (Utility Company) Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Incandescent Lighting Charges(175 W MV) Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: Rate Binder#4 (Illinois State University) Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous

263

Data:Dac2c1f5-0271-46f2-bb3c-9e80813dbec3 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dac2c1f5-0271-46f2-bb3c-9e80813dbec3 Dac2c1f5-0271-46f2-bb3c-9e80813dbec3 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Delmarva Power Effective date: 2013/06/01 End date if known: Rate name: OL " MV 175 Watt (Open Bottom) 70 kW Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: http://www.delmarva.com/_res/documents/DEMasterTariff.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous

264

Data:4687a1d7-e205-408e-b3c5-feaba8b03e2d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

d7-e205-408e-b3c5-feaba8b03e2d d7-e205-408e-b3c5-feaba8b03e2d No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Farmers' Electric Coop, Inc (New Mexico) Effective date: 2010/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: Security Light Pole Only (Steel Pole) Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: Rate Binder#8 (Illinois State University) Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous

265

Data:42965f56-177c-4e3c-babd-8eb99ea39368 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

6-177c-4e3c-babd-8eb99ea39368 6-177c-4e3c-babd-8eb99ea39368 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Columbus, Ohio (Utility Company) Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Electricity Area Lighting Rates (200 HPS Private Area Lighting) Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: http://publicutilities.columbus.gov/uploadedFiles/Public_Utilities/Document_Library/Residential_Bills_and_Payments/2011_Rates_and_Information/Electricity%20Area%20Lighting%20Rates%202011.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months):

266

Data:20e41de3-c072-47b8-8808-7c4162dd7cc0 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

de3-c072-47b8-8808-7c4162dd7cc0 de3-c072-47b8-8808-7c4162dd7cc0 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Oklahoma Electric Coop Inc Effective date: 2012/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Commercial Time-of-Peak Secondary Service Sector: Commercial Description: To members located on or near Cooperative's distribution lines for commercial and industrial usage, subject to the established Terms and Conditions of the Cooperative. This schedule is not applicable to breakdown, standby, supplementary or resale service. Source or reference: http://www.okcoop.org/services/rates.aspx Source Parent:

267

Data:D3cc486d-f051-4418-a189-7bfeac997a3c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

86d-f051-4418-a189-7bfeac997a3c 86d-f051-4418-a189-7bfeac997a3c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Anaheim, California (Utility Company) Effective date: 2011/12/01 End date if known: Rate name: Power-Agriculture- Schedule PA Sector: Commercial Description: Applicability to power service for general agricultural purposes, or for general water or sewerage pumping. Source or reference: http://www.anaheim.net/utilities/ElectricRules/SCHD-PA.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh):

268

Data:3d10ec32-c068-4540-89e0-3c1ade101c9a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ec32-c068-4540-89e0-3c1ade101c9a ec32-c068-4540-89e0-3c1ade101c9a No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Perry, Oklahoma (Utility Company) Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Small Industrial Sector: Industrial Description: Small Industrial Energy Charge is the Commercial Electric Rate with a special minimum and choice of Demand Rate. This Small Industrial Energy Charge is for typical monthly use of less than 9,000 KWH. Source or reference: http://www.cityofperryok.com/Files/Codes/City_Code_101211.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW):

269

Data:B771ed8b-cf13-4864-9737-b3c57f8f016c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ed8b-cf13-4864-9737-b3c57f8f016c ed8b-cf13-4864-9737-b3c57f8f016c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Rochester Public Utilities Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: SECURITY LIGHTING(175 Watt Mercury Vapor) Sector: Lighting Description: At all locations whenever the service can be provided with overhead wiring on an existing RPU owned pole. Source or reference: http://www.rpu.org/documents/2012_rate_schedule.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months):

270

Data:Fe291b04-ee26-44f5-85cf-8316a3c538ab | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4-ee26-44f5-85cf-8316a3c538ab 4-ee26-44f5-85cf-8316a3c538ab No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Butler Rural Electric Coop Inc Effective date: 2012/10/01 End date if known: Rate name: Emergency Warning Systems Sector: Commercial Description: Available to all governmental entities for emergency warning systems such as sirens,for the purpose of alerting the general public of emergencies. The standard service shall be a 200ammp overhead service. Source or reference: Rate Binder#8(Illinois State University) Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW):

271

Data:Cb06dd46-7b3c-4605-9f2b-271539977db0 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

6dd46-7b3c-4605-9f2b-271539977db0 6dd46-7b3c-4605-9f2b-271539977db0 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Blue Earth, Minnesota (Utility Company) Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Industrial Electric Sector: Industrial Description: Source or reference: http://www.belw.org/Rate Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous 1 2

272

Data:E70650df-5370-41fb-a364-699a373e3c1c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

E70650df-5370-41fb-a364-699a373e3c1c E70650df-5370-41fb-a364-699a373e3c1c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Whitehall Electric Utility Effective date: 2010/02/15 End date if known: Rate name: Street Lighting- 250W HPS- Overhead Sector: Lighting Description: This schedule will be applied to municipal street lighting. The utility will furnish,install, and maintain street lighting units. This rate is subject to the Power Cost Adjustment Clause. Source or reference: http://psc.wi.gov/apps40/tariffs/viewfile.aspx?type=electric&id=6490 Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW)

273

Data:0d9f45c7-338c-4090-bd46-db3c9e2a8607 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

f45c7-338c-4090-bd46-db3c9e2a8607 f45c7-338c-4090-bd46-db3c9e2a8607 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Burbank Water and Power, California (Utility Company) Effective date: 2013/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: Residential Service - Optional TOU Rate for Electric Vehicle Owners Sector: Residential Description: Source or reference: burbankca.gov/home/showdocument?id=20930 Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service

274

Data:F1983099-90dc-4b12-a937-bc3c29638f2d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

99-90dc-4b12-a937-bc3c29638f2d 99-90dc-4b12-a937-bc3c29638f2d No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Mt Carmel Public Utility Co Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Residential Sector: Residential Description: AVAILABILITY Available for any customer for Company's standard service for residential purposes. Where a residence and business are combined in one premise, the service classification shall be determined by the predominant electric use at the premise. Source or reference: http://www.mtcpu.com/includes/tariff_electric.htm?t=Residential_Electric_Service Source Parent:

275

Data:Ca686e26-dc3c-439c-9f46-fb741a0a1ff5 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

dc3c-439c-9f46-fb741a0a1ff5 dc3c-439c-9f46-fb741a0a1ff5 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Gastonia, North Carolina (Utility Company) Effective date: 2012/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: SCHEDULE CO2I - Coincident Peak Rate 08-2I Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: Rates Binder A Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

276

Data:80882958-7f02-4b76-a33b-3c890be31843 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

8-7f02-4b76-a33b-3c890be31843 8-7f02-4b76-a33b-3c890be31843 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Frankfort, Kentucky (Utility Company) Effective date: 2012/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: Rate S1- Security Lights- (175W HPS) Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous

277

Data:0b8f2191-1e00-47df-aaaa-7706f3c8d09d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1e00-47df-aaaa-7706f3c8d09d 1e00-47df-aaaa-7706f3c8d09d No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Duke Energy Ohio Inc Effective date: 2013/05/06 End date if known: Rate name: Rate OL - Outdoor Lighting Service - MV 400 Watts - Flood Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable for outdoor lighting services on private property with Company owned fixtures in the Company's entire service area where secondary distribution lines are adjacent to the premises to be served. Not applicable for lighting public roadways which are dedicated, or anticipated to be dedicated, except to meet the occasional singular need of a customer who has obtained written approval from the proper governmental authority.

278

Data:E1893b3c-247a-4e20-b22b-af34a3146b3f | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b3c-247a-4e20-b22b-af34a3146b3f b3c-247a-4e20-b22b-af34a3146b3f No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Black Warrior Elec Member Corp Effective date: 2013/09/01 End date if known: Rate name: City Limits- Residential Sector: Residential Description: Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

279

Data:Ccbe5417-d7ff-44c8-ad25-8a73f3c00c3e | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ccbe5417-d7ff-44c8-ad25-8a73f3c00c3e Ccbe5417-d7ff-44c8-ad25-8a73f3c00c3e No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Platte-Clay Electric Coop, Inc Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: SL - 100 watt HPS Ornamental Fixture w/Pole Sector: Lighting Description: Available for lighting streets, walkways, or outdoor lighting of public or private areas when such facilities are operated and maintained as an extension of the Cooperative's distribution system. Electric usage will be unmetered. Source or reference: Rate Binder Kelly 11 ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments

280

Data:Ecd876f3-f3c7-446e-96cf-c2410789d1dc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ecd876f3-f3c7-446e-96cf-c2410789d1dc Ecd876f3-f3c7-446e-96cf-c2410789d1dc No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Farmers Electric Company, Ltd Effective date: 2012/06/01 End date if known: Rate name: Commercial-Single Phase Sector: Residential Description: Less than 50kW Source or reference: Rates Binder A Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Data:1607e953-3c4e-412e-910c-9193c6b2d53a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

e953-3c4e-412e-910c-9193c6b2d53a e953-3c4e-412e-910c-9193c6b2d53a No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Modesto Irrigation District Effective date: 2013/04/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule SL - Nonlisted Light - 150 Watts Sector: Lighting Description: This section of this Schedule is applicable to all night lighting on the public streets, alleys, highways and parks for cities, lighting districts or other public bodies. Public outdoor area lighting for other than all night lighting is supplied under Rate Schedule GS. Source or reference: www.mid.org/tariffs/rates/SL_STREET_LIGHTING.pdf

282

Data:D5b141ec-ce49-437a-9a01-1888aca9f3c5 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1ec-ce49-437a-9a01-1888aca9f3c5 1ec-ce49-437a-9a01-1888aca9f3c5 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Cornhusker Public Power Dist Effective date: 2012/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Large Power Service Sector: Industrial Description: Source or reference: Ilinois State University Rate binder # 10 Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous

283

Data:E5787da3-ca96-4c3c-92ac-4c3fcd7736ec | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

87da3-ca96-4c3c-92ac-4c3fcd7736ec 87da3-ca96-4c3c-92ac-4c3fcd7736ec No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Electrical Dist No3 Pinal Cnty Effective date: 2010/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: RATE NO. 10 GATES & TURNOUTS Sector: Industrial Description: Applicability: To all irrigation motors operated for the exclusive use of opening or closing gates or turnouts for the purposes of irrigating farm fields or to fill canals which are ultimately used to irrigate fields. Source or reference: http://www.ed3online.org/view/70 Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW):

284

Data:98bd831e-452f-455d-a84b-67f0c1969e3c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

31e-452f-455d-a84b-67f0c1969e3c 31e-452f-455d-a84b-67f0c1969e3c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Kings Mountain, North Carolina (Utility Company) Effective date: 2011/07/31 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Service- 400W Metal Halide- Urban, Existing Pole Sector: Lighting Description: Available to individual customer at locations on the City's distribution system. Source or reference: http://www.cityofkm.com/Downloads/billing/Electric_Rates.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh):

285

Data:0bf1401a-952d-4250-9477-5dcb2f9ec3c3 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

a-952d-4250-9477-5dcb2f9ec3c3 a-952d-4250-9477-5dcb2f9ec3c3 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Imperial Irrigation District Effective date: 1994/11/01 End date if known: Rate name: SCHEDULE SL-3 STREET AND HIGHWAY LIGHTING SERVICE-HIGH-PRESSURE SODIUM VAPOR 400W Sector: Lighting Description: APPLICABILITY Applicable to service to street and highway lighting installations where the customer owns the equipment and the District furnishes energy at one or more central points and maintains the equipment in accordance with Special Conditions set forth herein. Monthly Usage: 160kWh

286

Data:8eebc326-2d79-4401-8057-2df924a3c678 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

eebc326-2d79-4401-8057-2df924a3c678 eebc326-2d79-4401-8057-2df924a3c678 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Wisconsin Public Service Corp Effective date: 2012/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Cg-1 (Three Phase Year Round) Sector: Commercial Description: EFFECTIVE IN Class I and IV rate territory. AVAILABILITY This schedule is available to small commercial and industrial customers where neither of the following have been exceeded for three consecutive months and also exceeded for at least one month in each succeeding rolling 12-month period: 1. Total demand of 100 KW; or 2. Total monthly energy consumption of 12,500 Kwh.

287

Data:18dce39c-ee64-43e7-adc3-3c3b192852bd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

dce39c-ee64-43e7-adc3-3c3b192852bd dce39c-ee64-43e7-adc3-3c3b192852bd No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Canoochee Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2006/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: Security Lighting Service- SL (100W HPS Open Bottom / Cobra) Sector: Lighting Description: To individual consumers for dusk to dawn out door lighting service in close proximity to existing overhead distribution lines. Service will be rendered only at locations that, solely in the opinion of the Cooperative, are readily accessible for maintenance. Source or reference: ISU Documentation

288

Data:59082e36-0f3c-4080-9fe0-f05db2cb814d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

-0f3c-4080-9fe0-f05db2cb814d -0f3c-4080-9fe0-f05db2cb814d No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: A & N Electric Coop Effective date: 2008/01/02 End date if known: Rate name: Former Delmarva Power Territory: Outdoor Recreational Lighting Rate Sector: Lighting Description: Availability: Applies for service in the new service territory acquired from Delmarva Power and Light Co. by the Cooperative and is available to non-profit organizations and local governmental entities where at least 90% of the total connected load is used for outdoor recreational lighting. Rates are subject to wholesale power cost adjustments.

289

Data:7080b19a-ec3c-4b53-bbc9-8711115cf7f6 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b19a-ec3c-4b53-bbc9-8711115cf7f6 b19a-ec3c-4b53-bbc9-8711115cf7f6 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Duke Energy Carolinas, LLC (South Carolina) Effective date: 2012/10/01 End date if known: Rate name: Residential - RS Sector: Residential Description: Available only to residential customers in residences, condominiums, mobile homes, or individually-metered apartments which provide independent and permanent facilities complete for living, sleeping, eating, cooking, and sanitation. Source or reference: http://www.duke-energy.com/pdfs/SCScheduleRS.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability

290

Data:08ebcf38-175d-4583-a50c-3c4b17babf32 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

8-175d-4583-a50c-3c4b17babf32 8-175d-4583-a50c-3c4b17babf32 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Avista Corp Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Company Owned Street Lighting - SHPS 100 W Developer contributed Sector: Lighting Description: Public Purposes Rider = base rate x %2.85. Source or reference: http://www.avistautilities.com/services/energypricing/wa/elect/Pages/default.aspx Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V):

291

Data:A68f2635-9cea-4083-abfa-0b3c3cc50319 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

f2635-9cea-4083-abfa-0b3c3cc50319 f2635-9cea-4083-abfa-0b3c3cc50319 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Village of Davenport, Nebraska (Utility Company) Effective date: 2012/11/11 End date if known: Rate name: Area Lighting MV 400 Watt Metered Sector: Lighting Description: Area/directional lighting of farmyards, backyards, patios, parking lots, storage yards, trailer courts, industrial sites, schools churches, apartments, businesses and many other applications where lighting is needed for identification, merchandising, environment, aesthetics, safety, security, protection or convenience.

292

Data:Adce7c69-e3c9-4984-9829-5e7ff0cc10eb | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Adce7c69-e3c9-4984-9829-5e7ff0cc10eb Adce7c69-e3c9-4984-9829-5e7ff0cc10eb No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Norris Public Power District Effective date: 2012/01/20 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule 19: Municipal Street Lighting: Incandescent: 300 watt Sector: Lighting Description: Available to towns, villages, and communities within the District's Service Area for street lighting service from dusk to dawn. Source or reference: http://www.norrisppd.com/downloads/Schedule%2019%20-%20Municiapl%20Street%20Lighting.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW):

293

Data:43427f05-c8da-4ac5-bc3b-3c9efc3b7f2e | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

f05-c8da-4ac5-bc3b-3c9efc3b7f2e f05-c8da-4ac5-bc3b-3c9efc3b7f2e No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Escanaba, Michigan (Utility Company) Effective date: 2012/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: Electric Heat Suburban Commercial Sector: Commercial Description: To all customers for such service when separately metered upon application and approval of permanently installed equipment; subject to such rules and regulations as are established by the utility. When air conditioning is installed in an electrically heated area, it may be connected to the same meter for space conditioning purposes.

294

Data:F7ec3348-39dc-4f03-b713-7e178c4b6d3c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

348-39dc-4f03-b713-7e178c4b6d3c 348-39dc-4f03-b713-7e178c4b6d3c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Cuming County Public Pwr Dist Effective date: 2011/12/14 End date if known: Rate name: Security Lighting Unmetered Lights 250W HPS-Flood Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: Ilinois State University Rate binder # 10 Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous

295

Data:Cf8e89dc-02b8-41da-b3ea-3c92b0e3113c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cf8e89dc-02b8-41da-b3ea-3c92b0e3113c Cf8e89dc-02b8-41da-b3ea-3c92b0e3113c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Canoochee Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2006/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: Security Lighting Service- SL (250W Flood) Sector: Lighting Description: To individual consumers for dusk to dawn out door lighting service in close proximity to existing overhead distribution lines. Service will be rendered only at locations that, solely in the opinion of the Cooperative, are readily accessible for maintenance. Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments

296

Data:6f121b5e-2a0c-4777-9efe-3c5b44d7871d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1b5e-2a0c-4777-9efe-3c5b44d7871d 1b5e-2a0c-4777-9efe-3c5b44d7871d No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Edgecombe-Martin County E M C Effective date: 2006/08/01 End date if known: Rate name: GENERAL SERVICE Three Phase Sector: Commercial Description: AVAILABILITY: Electric service is available under this Schedule in the territory served by the Cooperative for nonresidential use with less than 100 kVA of transformer capacity. Resale and standby services are not permitted. Rates are subject to wholesale power cost adjustments, power factor adjustments,a North Carolina Sales Tax and Rider EE (Energy Efficiency Rider).

297

Data:4a7a5e51-bed8-4a67-a3c8-204210ed2554 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

bed8-4a67-a3c8-204210ed2554 bed8-4a67-a3c8-204210ed2554 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Wild Rice Electric Coop, Inc Effective date: 2012/03/18 End date if known: Rate name: VILLAGE RESIDENTIAL SERVICE - Up to 5 KVA transformer Sector: Residential Description: Source or reference: http://www.wildriceelectric.com/b-rate.html Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous

298

Data:Ec9e6a69-824c-438a-a3c1-629292832b19 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

9-824c-438a-a3c1-629292832b19 9-824c-438a-a3c1-629292832b19 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Tri-County Rural Elec Coop Inc Effective date: 2011/02/01 End date if known: Rate name: Residential 4C Sector: Residential Description: Source or reference: Rate binder # 4(Illinios State University) Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous

299

Data:9b27a143-a7be-4e04-8051-5ab3c49dccb1 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

3-a7be-4e04-8051-5ab3c49dccb1 3-a7be-4e04-8051-5ab3c49dccb1 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Imperial Irrigation District Effective date: 1994/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: SCHEDULE SL-2 STATE HIGHWAY LIGHTING SERVICE-MERCURY VAPOR 250W Sector: Lighting Description: APPLICABILITY Applicable to service to state highway lighting installations where the customer owns and maintains the equipment and the District furnishes energy at one or more central points in accordance with special conditions set forth herein. Unmetered Service: For each kilowatt of lamp load . . . . . . . $22.30 Minimum charge at any one location . . . . . $ 5.00 Monthly Usage: 105kWh

300

Data:4d8380cf-6a3c-4b4a-814e-d0ac0210a41e | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

80cf-6a3c-4b4a-814e-d0ac0210a41e 80cf-6a3c-4b4a-814e-d0ac0210a41e No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Stillwater Utilities Authority Effective date: 2012/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: ELECTRIC RATE OUTDOOR SECURITY LIGHTING MV 175W Sector: Lighting Description: This lighting fixture is no longer available for new installations. The Fixed Monthly Charge applies to Existing Distribution on Wood Poles. Additional Charges: If an extension of SEU's secondary circuit and a pole was necessary for the area security light, the monthly rate below shall be increased for each security light as follows:

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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301

Data:A4ddefe0-db39-48c0-ac98-7941b3451e3c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ddefe0-db39-48c0-ac98-7941b3451e3c ddefe0-db39-48c0-ac98-7941b3451e3c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Cairo, Georgia (Utility Company) Effective date: 2011/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: Curtailable Electric Rates C-1 Sector: Commercial Description: This rate is applicable to all non-residential customers whose highest annual peak demand exceeds 50 KW. Subject to Power Cost Adjustment (PCA). Source or reference: Rate Binder # 2 Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months):

302

Data:4ad19850-86a9-40d8-be52-3c447a057189 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

-86a9-40d8-be52-3c447a057189 -86a9-40d8-be52-3c447a057189 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Stanton County Public Pwr Dist Effective date: 2012/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Municipal Street Lighting Municipal Owned Lights 400W 15000LMV Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: ISU Archives Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

303

Data:B721bd4d-6c3a-4595-a91e-5a50c7c3c275 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

d-6c3a-4595-a91e-5a50c7c3c275 d-6c3a-4595-a91e-5a50c7c3c275 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Tecumseh, Nebraska (Utility Company) Effective date: 2013/10/01 End date if known: Rate name: Dusk-To-Dawn Lighting- UnMetered 400 W Luminaires (October 2013) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable to any customer for private or public outdoor lighting service, whether unmetered and provided by the city, or metered. Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh):

304

Data:408684f1-cc3e-4c8b-a3c2-e331c0e78277 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

f1-cc3e-4c8b-a3c2-e331c0e78277 f1-cc3e-4c8b-a3c2-e331c0e78277 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Little Ocmulgee El Member Corp Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule "R-7" Sector: Commercial Description: Applicable to permanent full-time consumers and use incidental thereto, and at one standard voltage. The capacity of individual motors served under the Schedule shall not exceed 10 horsepower. No service rendered hereunder may be resold or transmitted to other premises, either directly or indirectly, without expressed consent of the Cooperative.

305

Data:F4ee18d1-1910-4d84-ab53-79ba79489b3c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ee18d1-1910-4d84-ab53-79ba79489b3c ee18d1-1910-4d84-ab53-79ba79489b3c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Entergy Gulf States Louisiana LLC Effective date: 2005/09/28 End date if known: Rate name: 2 High load factor service (HLFS) (primary voltage)(transmission 69/138 kV voltage) Sector: Industrial Description: This rate is applicable under the regular terms and conditions of company to customers who contract for not less then 2500 kW of electric service at company's available line voltage. Source or reference: http://www.entergy-louisiana.com/content/price/tariffs/egsi/egsila_lps.pdf

306

Data:5acb3b2c-0e55-48f9-80ed-3c80c195f680 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b2c-0e55-48f9-80ed-3c80c195f680 b2c-0e55-48f9-80ed-3c80c195f680 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Lebanon, Indiana (Utility Company) Effective date: 2013/04/01 End date if known: Rate name: OL - Outdoor Lighting 150 watt sodium vapor Sector: Lighting Description: Availability Available only for continuous year-round service for outdoor lighting to any residential, farm, commercial or industrial customer located adjacent to an electric distribution line of Utility. Character of Service Outdoor Lighting Service using lamps available under this schedule. Source or reference: http://www.lebanon-utilities.com/e_rates.html

307

Data:9257ab3c-b68c-4223-9f24-b803fb930852 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

7ab3c-b68c-4223-9f24-b803fb930852 7ab3c-b68c-4223-9f24-b803fb930852 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Blue Earth, Minnesota (Utility Company) Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Security Light: 250w Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: http://www.belw.org/Rate Source Parent: Comments cost is per fixture per month Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

308

Data:3b00cdd8-030d-4261-aa09-9ae783ae3c15 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

cdd8-030d-4261-aa09-9ae783ae3c15 cdd8-030d-4261-aa09-9ae783ae3c15 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Consumers Power, Inc Effective date: 2011/10/01 End date if known: Rate name: 250 W HPS Street Lighting, Metered Sector: Lighting Description: * Applicable to service furnished from the dusk to dawn for area lighting,lighting of public streets,highways,alleys and parks. Streetlights supported on distribution type wood poles from Cooperative-owned overhead or underground system. Rate when light is Metered through customer's service. Source or reference: Rate binder # 4(Illinios State University)

309

Data:1fe29ef0-91ee-4ab5-924d-b3c7ea445dd6 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

fe29ef0-91ee-4ab5-924d-b3c7ea445dd6 fe29ef0-91ee-4ab5-924d-b3c7ea445dd6 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Lansing, Michigan (Utility Company) Effective date: 2011/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: CUSTOMER OWNED SYSTEMS (Incandescent Luminaire 2500 L) Sector: Commercial Description: Available to any political subdivision or agency of the State of Michigan for street lighting service for any system consisting of one or more luminaires where the BWL has an existing distribution system available. Source or reference: http://www.lansingmi.gov/Lansing/clerk/BWL_Proposed.pdf

310

Data:9520a388-400e-45e9-b645-8e3c83837b69 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

8-400e-45e9-b645-8e3c83837b69 8-400e-45e9-b645-8e3c83837b69 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Pearl River Valley El Pwr Assn Effective date: 2001/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: 60 TOU-2 Time of Use Sector: Description: Available to non-residential Consumers requiring three phase service with a transformer capacity of 1000kVA or more, subject to Association's established rules and regulations. This rate applies to electric service measured by one meter used exclusively by one Consumer in a single establishment on one premise utilizing a single delivery point, and not resold or shared with others.

311

Data:6ff41894-1942-46b7-97da-23301ee7fa3c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

-1942-46b7-97da-23301ee7fa3c -1942-46b7-97da-23301ee7fa3c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Seneca, South Carolina (Utility Company) Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Commercial Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: https://cas.sharepoint.illinoisstate.edu/grants/Sunshot/Lists/DATA%20ENTRY%20Rates%20Collected/Attachments/628/Seneca%20Light%20and%20Water.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V):

312

Data:187059d1-e799-4c86-ab62-1c22cf3c8013 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

e799-4c86-ab62-1c22cf3c8013 e799-4c86-ab62-1c22cf3c8013 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Borough of Kutztown, Pennsylvania (Utility Company) Effective date: 2012/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: INSTITIONAL SERVICE RATE 120000 NON ELECTRIC Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: http://www.kutztownboro.org/kutztown/uploads/ElectricRatesJanuary2012.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service

313

Data:9fb6b5cd-2025-477e-a609-a7d1a5aa3c33 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

cd-2025-477e-a609-a7d1a5aa3c33 cd-2025-477e-a609-a7d1a5aa3c33 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Electrical Dist No3 Pinal Cnty Effective date: 2012/12/19 End date if known: Rate name: RATE NO. 09 DUSK TO DAWN LIGHTING-High Pressure Sodium 100W Sector: Lighting Description: Applicability: To all customers for the purposes of outdoor lighting other than street and highway lighting service of privately owned property. Electric service is provided from dusk to dawn. ED3 will install, own, operate and maintain the complete lighting installation, including lamp replacements.

314

Data:67083cb0-ba3c-45bf-a5d3-621aca26ae1b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

cb0-ba3c-45bf-a5d3-621aca26ae1b cb0-ba3c-45bf-a5d3-621aca26ae1b No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Kings Mountain, North Carolina (Utility Company) Effective date: 2011/07/31 End date if known: Rate name: Residential- All Electric Sector: Residential Description: Available only to residences, condominiums, mobile homes, or individually-metered apartments, in which the energy required for all water heating, cooking, and environmental space conditioning is supplied electrically. Source or reference: http://www.cityofkm.com/Downloads/billing/Electric_Rates.pdf Source Parent:

315

Data:47abea3c-bde9-4708-8a1f-a955c4098614 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

abea3c-bde9-4708-8a1f-a955c4098614 abea3c-bde9-4708-8a1f-a955c4098614 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Electrical Dist No3 Pinal Cnty Effective date: 2012/08/22 End date if known: Rate name: RATE NO. 03 LARGE COMMERCIAL SERVICE-Underground Primary Service Sector: Industrial Description: Applicability: To commercial customers whose monthly maximum demand is greater than 50kW for three(3) consecutive months in any continuous twelve(12) month period ending with the current month. Service is applied at one point of delivery and measured through one meter with a demand reading.

316

Data:02e4e3c2-473a-46bd-bc30-227358c2ea8f | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

e3c2-473a-46bd-bc30-227358c2ea8f e3c2-473a-46bd-bc30-227358c2ea8f No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Consumers Energy Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Metered New Pole HPS 400 W Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: http://www.consumersenergy.coop/programs.php?pn=Security%20Lights&pl=securitylights Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring:

317

Data:Fed3f322-10d8-41c2-9055-d2981c3c3d53 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fed3f322-10d8-41c2-9055-d2981c3c3d53 Fed3f322-10d8-41c2-9055-d2981c3c3d53 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Algoma Utility Comm Effective date: 2008/05/28 End date if known: Rate name: Residential Service Three-Phase Sector: Residential Description: This rate will be applied to residential single-phase customers for ordinary household purposes. Single-phase motors may not exceed 5 horsepower individual-rated capacity without utility permission. Rg-1 Residential Service $1.00 per customer per month Source or reference: http://www.algomautilities.com/media/Electric_Rate_Tariff_Sheets.pdf

318

Data:33c55341-9843-4345-9c7b-228f082c8d3c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

341-9843-4345-9c7b-228f082c8d3c 341-9843-4345-9c7b-228f082c8d3c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Delaware Electric Cooperative Effective date: 2011/02/01 End date if known: Rate name: Lighting Service--Schedule L-1 Mercury Vapor Lamp-Post Top Luminaire (175w) Colonial Sector: Lighting Description: Available to Members, governments, agencies, public and private organizations desiring Electric Delivery or Electric Supply and Delivery Services through unmetered services for roadway and area lighting. Source or reference: http://www.delaware.coop/my-services/residential/billing/rates

319

Data:6436c5eb-84b0-4e62-991e-e3bcd810db3c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

eb-84b0-4e62-991e-e3bcd810db3c eb-84b0-4e62-991e-e3bcd810db3c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Huntingburg, Indiana (Utility Company) Effective date: 2007/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Municipal Street Lighting- (Mercury 175 W Security) Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

320

Data:097eb70e-a3c0-4916-b0ac-837224a0797c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

e-a3c0-4916-b0ac-837224a0797c e-a3c0-4916-b0ac-837224a0797c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Imperial Irrigation District Effective date: 1994/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: SCHEDULE SL-2 STATE HIGHWAY LIGHTING SERVICE-HIGH-PRESSURE SODIUM VAPOR 70W Sector: Lighting Description: APPLICABILITY Applicable to service to state highway lighting installations where the customer owns and maintains the equipment and the District furnishes energy at one or more central points in accordance with special conditions set forth herein. Unmetered Service: For each kilowatt of lamp load . . . . . . . $22.30 Minimum charge at any one location . . . . . $ 5.00 Monthly Usage: 35kWh

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Data:E8625c5a-3c0c-48e6-a728-0292cd3b28f2 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

25c5a-3c0c-48e6-a728-0292cd3b28f2 25c5a-3c0c-48e6-a728-0292cd3b28f2 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Sun River Electric Coop, Inc Effective date: 2012/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Security Lighting - 200 watt HPS - Existing Pole Sector: Lighting Description: * Single phase at available voltage. Available for automatic dusk-to-dawn lighting when cooperative furnishes all material, maintenance and electric energy. Source or reference: http://www.sunriverelectric.coop/Membership/Billing_Rates_and_Fees/Security_Lighting/index.html Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW)

322

Data:8bb186f5-3c77-45d0-8366-872069957ae1 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

f5-3c77-45d0-8366-872069957ae1 f5-3c77-45d0-8366-872069957ae1 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Grantville, Georgia (Utility Company) Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Security/ Street-Monthly 1000 W MH Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: Rate Binder#2 Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

323

Data:Ab8ab0de-9670-41d7-8c61-a3c35d93fa51 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

de-9670-41d7-8c61-a3c35d93fa51 de-9670-41d7-8c61-a3c35d93fa51 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Village of Glouster, Ohio (Utility Company) Effective date: 2003/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: Small Commercial 3-Phase Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: Rate Binder #5B (Illinois State University) Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

324

Data:B4bbcb8c-862d-41b0-a8de-3c9f453b19ff | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

bbcb8c-862d-41b0-a8de-3c9f453b19ff bbcb8c-862d-41b0-a8de-3c9f453b19ff No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Bangor Hydro-Electric Co Effective date: 2012/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: Periodic High pressure sodium- 150 watts Sector: Lighting Description: Service under this rate is available for street and area lighting service installations, maintenance and use of energy, and traffic control lighting service provided the customer furnishes the equipment. Customers taking service under this rate schedule are responsible for paying both Distribution Service and Stranded Cost.

325

Data:B1426e3c-0e0b-4a55-be94-d0221bfe8c25 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

e3c-0e0b-4a55-be94-d0221bfe8c25 e3c-0e0b-4a55-be94-d0221bfe8c25 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Bonneville Power Admin Effective date: 2011/10/01 End date if known: 2013/09/30 Rate name: IP - 12 Sector: Industrial Description: This schedule is available to BPA's direct service industrial Customers (DSIs), as defined by the Northwest Power Act, for firm power to be used in their industrial operations in the Pacific Northwest. Industrial Firm Power (IP) is available under Northwest Power Act section 5(d) contracts to DSIs for direct consumption. Source or reference: http://www.bpa.gov/Power/PSP/rates/current.shtml

326

Data:C1409861-b564-4c10-b6f9-3c6aac33eccb | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

61-b564-4c10-b6f9-3c6aac33eccb 61-b564-4c10-b6f9-3c6aac33eccb No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Woodruff Electric Coop Corp Effective date: 2012/10/24 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor lighting - Security Lamps 175 W MVL Sector: Lighting Description: To unmetered automatically controlled outdoor lighting service burning all night. Source or reference: Illinois State University Archive Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V):

327

Data:78c0e937-3ecd-4645-8a89-3c9a4af9a913 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

7-3ecd-4645-8a89-3c9a4af9a913 7-3ecd-4645-8a89-3c9a4af9a913 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Consumers Energy Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Nonmetered Memb Owns/Repairs HPS 400 W Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: http://www.consumersenergy.coop/programs.php?pn=Security%20Lights&pl=securitylights Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring:

328

Data:7f6a14ad-4d86-4706-ac3c-e4f140e3e42f | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ad-4d86-4706-ac3c-e4f140e3e42f ad-4d86-4706-ac3c-e4f140e3e42f No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: South Carolina Pub Serv Auth Effective date: 2012/10/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting - Shoebox 400 Watt HPS Sector: Residential Description: Source or reference: https://www.santeecooper.com/business/equipment-leases/outdoor-lighting.aspx Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring:

329

Data:A497b42f-3c89-425f-8491-ecaa43be1829 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

f-3c89-425f-8491-ecaa43be1829 f-3c89-425f-8491-ecaa43be1829 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Tillamook Peoples Utility Dist Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Residential Sector: Residential Description: Source or reference: http://www.tpud.org/about_rates.html Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Seasonal/Monthly Demand Charge Structures

330

Data:4a04ccaa-8c79-4629-b109-71f30c3c6dc3 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ccaa-8c79-4629-b109-71f30c3c6dc3 ccaa-8c79-4629-b109-71f30c3c6dc3 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Woodruff Electric Coop Corp Effective date: 2012/10/24 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor lighting - Street Lights (Muncipal Owned) 1000 W HPS, Metal pole Sector: Lighting Description: To unmetered automatically controlled outdoor lighting service burning all night. Source or reference: Illinois State University Archive Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage

331

Data:8980c0d2-3c6d-473a-96ea-2dd523e36c65 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

d2-3c6d-473a-96ea-2dd523e36c65 d2-3c6d-473a-96ea-2dd523e36c65 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Consumers Energy Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Metered Existing Pole HPS 150 W Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: http://www.consumersenergy.coop/programs.php?pn=Security%20Lights&pl=securitylights Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring:

332

Data:5461483a-3dce-4e3c-94dc-1e0da50ccf93 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1483a-3dce-4e3c-94dc-1e0da50ccf93 1483a-3dce-4e3c-94dc-1e0da50ccf93 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Walton Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2006/06/01 End date if known: Rate name: Sec A 40 Watt 21 kWh Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: http://www.waltonemc.com/commercial/ Source Parent: Comments Monthly Charge= Controlled Energy Charge+ Continuous burning charge Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category:

333

Data:F7984013-dc01-448f-8e3c-16a302b33d1a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

dc01-448f-8e3c-16a302b33d1a dc01-448f-8e3c-16a302b33d1a No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Altamont, Kansas (Utility Company) Effective date: 2008/12/30 End date if known: Rate name: Residential Service Sector: Residential Description: Source or reference: Ted Binder 2 Source Parent: Comments Does not include the cost of electricity provided to the city of Altamont. Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category:

334

Data:Baa39015-3322-4095-b94f-e95209a3c61d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Baa39015-3322-4095-b94f-e95209a3c61d Baa39015-3322-4095-b94f-e95209a3c61d No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Salmon River Electric Coop Inc Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Single Phase Master Metered (Non Demand) RV Parks (1700-1799 local access) Sector: Residential Description: Service under this schedule is available to master-metered mobile home parks and recreational vehicle (RV) parks. The type of service provided under this schedule is single phase, at the standard voltage available for the premises to be served, supplied through one meter at one point of delivery.

335

Data:B37ad405-1bd7-40e7-9478-baf3c053a57e | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

05-1bd7-40e7-9478-baf3c053a57e 05-1bd7-40e7-9478-baf3c053a57e No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Algoma Utility Comm Effective date: 2008/05/28 End date if known: Rate name: Street Lighting Service - Option A - 100 W MH Sector: Lighting Description: Application: This schedule will be applied to municipal street lighting. Option A: Utility Owned and Maintained. Power Cost Adjustment Clause: Charge per all kWh varies monthly. See schedule PCAC. Note: HPS = High Pressure Sodium MH = Metal Halide Source or reference: http://www.algomautilities.com/media/Electric_Rate_Tariff_Sheets.pdf

336

Data:Ffbe864b-912c-4b08-8c3c-64a398926c02 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ffbe864b-912c-4b08-8c3c-64a398926c02 Ffbe864b-912c-4b08-8c3c-64a398926c02 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Consumers Energy Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Metered New Pole HPS 100 W Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: http://www.consumersenergy.coop/programs.php?pn=Security%20Lights&pl=securitylights Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring:

337

Data:21ccaced-3c8f-4b37-865c-c5649b3cbe61 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ccaced-3c8f-4b37-865c-c5649b3cbe61 ccaced-3c8f-4b37-865c-c5649b3cbe61 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: North East Mississippi E P A Effective date: 2013/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: Large Commercial Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: Per phone conversation with Rosa Lee Source Parent: Comments Note: Rates change monthly, supplier is TVA. Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous

338

Data:6a2cab9c-56b3-4a32-9261-74333e3c9842 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

cab9c-56b3-4a32-9261-74333e3c9842 cab9c-56b3-4a32-9261-74333e3c9842 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: East Central Oklahoma Elec Coop Inc Effective date: 1995/12/01 End date if known: Rate name: Security Lighting Service-100W High Pressure Sodium Customer-Owned & Maintained Sector: Lighting Description: Available upon application to all consumers for illumination of outdoor areas at any point on or near the Cooperative's distribution or service lines. Source or reference: Rate Binder B #4 Source Parent: Comments Subject to PCA and Tax Adjustment Applicability Demand (kW)

339

Data:A5404653-7843-4fbe-8d3c-23c7a7c0514f | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

53-7843-4fbe-8d3c-23c7a7c0514f 53-7843-4fbe-8d3c-23c7a7c0514f No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Miami-Cass County Rural E M C Effective date: 2011/10/01 End date if known: Rate name: RATE SCHEDULE GSND-THREE PHASE GENERAL SERVICE NON-DEMAND Sector: Commercial Description: The Miami-Cass County Rural Electric Membership Corporation (REMC) shall charge and collect for general service non-demand electric service on the following bases of availability, application, character of service, monthly rate, minimum charge, purchased power cost adjustment clause, and tax adjustment.

340

Data:5caf87fa-718b-4bf0-871e-92f44b5cdc3c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

fa-718b-4bf0-871e-92f44b5cdc3c fa-718b-4bf0-871e-92f44b5cdc3c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Walton Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2006/06/01 End date if known: Rate name: Cobrahead- MV 400 Watt Gray Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: http://en.openei.org/wiki/Special:FormEdit/Utility_Rate_Namer Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3

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341

Data:14dbdd72-9fe6-4a3c-850e-a806a13eccef | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

dbdd72-9fe6-4a3c-850e-a806a13eccef dbdd72-9fe6-4a3c-850e-a806a13eccef No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Lexington, North Carolina (Utility Company) Effective date: 2013/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: Area Lighting- 400W Mercury Vapor Sector: Lighting Description: Available to the individual Customer at locations on the City's distribution system. Source or reference: http://www.lexingtonnc.net/publicutilities/downloads/Current%20Electric%20Rates.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh):

342

Data:Fe881325-eb71-45ad-a4cd-f2fe3c28f436 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

325-eb71-45ad-a4cd-f2fe3c28f436 325-eb71-45ad-a4cd-f2fe3c28f436 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Orange County Rural E M C Effective date: 2012/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Rate 101- 2012 Rate Schedule for Standard Service Sector: Residential Description: Wholesale Power Cost Tracker changes quarterly. Available to any member of the REMC located on its lines for standard service whose installed capacity does not exceed 50KVA. Source or reference: http://www.orangecountyremc.org/electricrates.html Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW):

343

Data:Da62642a-729c-4c5c-9850-669cb6c3c4c5 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Da62642a-729c-4c5c-9850-669cb6c3c4c5 Da62642a-729c-4c5c-9850-669cb6c3c4c5 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Columbus Southern Power Co Effective date: 2012/03/09 End date if known: Rate name: Interruptible Power - Discretionary(primary voltage)-supplemental interruptions Sector: Industrial Description: Service pursuant to this schedule is available to customers that have provided reasonable evidence to the Company that their electric service can be interrupted within a 10-minute notice period. Customers shall contract for electrical capacity sufficient to meet normal maximum requirements but not

344

Data:532de819-e2ff-4c78-9689-3996c3c8dc07 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

19-e2ff-4c78-9689-3996c3c8dc07 19-e2ff-4c78-9689-3996c3c8dc07 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Salmon River Electric Coop Inc Effective date: 2004/02/21 End date if known: Rate name: Single Phase Master Metered (Non Demand) RV Parks (200 or less local access) Sector: Residential Description: Service under this schedule is available to master-metered mobile home parks and recreational vehicle (RV) parks. The type of service provided under this schedule is single phase, at the standard voltage available for the premises to be served, supplied through one meter at one point of delivery.

345

Data:5a9e11ab-f3dc-45a6-bb11-b12f3c380de8 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

e11ab-f3dc-45a6-bb11-b12f3c380de8 e11ab-f3dc-45a6-bb11-b12f3c380de8 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Singing River Elec Pwr Assn (Mississippi) Effective date: 2009/12/04 End date if known: Rate name: Security Lighting MV 175 W Underground (Includes Pole) Sector: Lighting Description: *Subject to power cost adjustment, tax expense adjustment, and an environmental compliance charge. Source or reference: http://www.singingriver.com/Files/R-18.pdf Source Parent: Comments Energy Adjustment is Power Cost Adjustment plus Environmental Clause plus Regulatory Adjustment Applicability

346

Data:F21d2925-dc0b-4621-ba28-3c8633e10eae | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

25-dc0b-4621-ba28-3c8633e10eae 25-dc0b-4621-ba28-3c8633e10eae No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Clarksville Light & Water Co Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Large Industrial (Rate schedule p) Sector: Industrial Description: For electric service required by customer on the premises supplied through one point of delivery. Not applicable to resale, shared, standby or supplementary service. Source or reference: https://cas.sharepoint.illinoisstate.edu/grants/Sunshot/Lists/DATA%20ENTRY%20Database%20Now%20Compatible%20with%20Rates/Attachments/20/Clarksville%20Light%20and%20Water%20Plant,%20AR.pdf

347

Data:853f6ea0-a3c2-4bc4-85a4-7c057688746d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ea0-a3c2-4bc4-85a4-7c057688746d ea0-a3c2-4bc4-85a4-7c057688746d No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Grand Electric Coop, Inc Effective date: 2012/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: Unmetered Security Light - 175 MV Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

348

Data:Cef06c3c-d989-4239-a286-9e82977c9471 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cef06c3c-d989-4239-a286-9e82977c9471 Cef06c3c-d989-4239-a286-9e82977c9471 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Norris Public Power District Effective date: 2012/01/20 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule 19: Municipal Street Lighting: Incandescent: 200 watt Sector: Lighting Description: Available to towns, villages, and communities within the District's Service Area for street lighting service from dusk to dawn. Source or reference: http://www.norrisppd.com/downloads/Schedule%2019%20-%20Municiapl%20Street%20Lighting.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW):

349

Data:E03a3659-ae3c-4581-a60b-4caa2bc7960e | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

9-ae3c-4581-a60b-4caa2bc7960e 9-ae3c-4581-a60b-4caa2bc7960e No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Village of Wellington, Ohio (Utility Company) Effective date: 2010/04/05 End date if known: Rate name: Residential Service Sector: Residential Description: Available to residential, farm and home consumers where single phase service though one meter serves on family unit. Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V):

350

Data:B0f8cf1f-9675-4c3c-85ba-a97573938074 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

f-9675-4c3c-85ba-a97573938074 f-9675-4c3c-85ba-a97573938074 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Lincoln Electric System Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Large Power Contract Off-Peak Daily Primary Sector: Description: Excess kVA Source or reference: http://www.les.com/your_business/rate_schedules_lpc.aspx Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

351

Data:F68c8dfb-471c-431b-9987-3c8ea3d7d0c4 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

dfb-471c-431b-9987-3c8ea3d7d0c4 dfb-471c-431b-9987-3c8ea3d7d0c4 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Colquitt Electric Membership Corp Effective date: 1993/06/01 End date if known: Rate name: Delte Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable to street and highway lighting owned by federal, state, or local governments or agencies thereof and to street lighting in residential subdivisions, apartment or condominium complexes, and mobile home parks by ballast operated vapor light fixtures and poles conforming to the Cooperative's specifications. Source or reference: ISU Documentation

352

Data:D5a43f59-4e6a-4e52-aca6-f88c3c87defd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

f59-4e6a-4e52-aca6-f88c3c87defd f59-4e6a-4e52-aca6-f88c3c87defd No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Nolin Rural Electric Coop Corp Effective date: 2011/06/01 End date if known: Rate name: Security Lights: Standard Overhead 100 Watt HPS Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: www.nolinrecc.com Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous

353

Data:Be73ca1d-0905-4b49-b287-39a3c9050c63 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ca1d-0905-4b49-b287-39a3c9050c63 ca1d-0905-4b49-b287-39a3c9050c63 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Russellville, Kentucky (Utility Company) Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: 400W High Pressure Sodium Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: http://www.russepb.com/rates.htm Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous

354

Data:909b04b3-9fe7-432e-a388-3c76aa76dc06 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4b3-9fe7-432e-a388-3c76aa76dc06 4b3-9fe7-432e-a388-3c76aa76dc06 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Nashville Electric Service Effective date: 2013/04/01 End date if known: Rate name: General Power 2 Commercial Sector: Commercial Description: * This rate shall apply to the firm power requirements (where a customer's contract demand is 5,000 kW or less) for electric service to commercial, industrial, and governmental customers, and to institutional customers including, without limitation, churches, clubs, fraternities, orphanages, nursing homes, rooming or boarding houses, and like customers.

355

Data:05070b10-3c15-4871-8021-7ea15a4bea96 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

3c15-4871-8021-7ea15a4bea96 3c15-4871-8021-7ea15a4bea96 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Cuming County Public Pwr Dist Effective date: 2011/12/14 End date if known: Rate name: High Voltage Delivery Rate Sector: Industrial Description: Source or reference: Illinois State University Binder #10 Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous

356

Data:4f710f6f-ae57-4646-a3be-3c84f79eb0bf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

f-ae57-4646-a3be-3c84f79eb0bf f-ae57-4646-a3be-3c84f79eb0bf No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Village of Ludlow, Vermont (Utility Company) Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: 06 General Service Three Phase Sector: Description: Source or reference: ISU Documentation DOE Sharepoint Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous

357

Data:1c48362d-247b-4006-84db-20a0e048d3c8 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

362d-247b-4006-84db-20a0e048d3c8 362d-247b-4006-84db-20a0e048d3c8 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: North Star Electric Coop, Inc Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Large Power Sector: Industrial Description: Source or reference: http://www.northstarelectric.coop/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/Rates2012.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2

358

Data:B6bb7bc5-8367-44ea-987f-44515b3c600d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

bc5-8367-44ea-987f-44515b3c600d bc5-8367-44ea-987f-44515b3c600d No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Northern Rio Arriba E Coop Inc Effective date: 2012/02/19 End date if known: Rate name: Large Commercial Time of Use-16 (PRC Rate No. 16) Sector: Industrial Description: Source or reference: http://www.noraelectric.org/rates/rates.cfm Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous

359

Data:Bcdc4a3c-0ceb-4c72-b807-959114939ac3 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bcdc4a3c-0ceb-4c72-b807-959114939ac3 Bcdc4a3c-0ceb-4c72-b807-959114939ac3 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Jackson Electric Member Corp Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Decashield HPS 250 W Wood Pole Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: http://www.jacksonemc.com/business-manage-my-account-commercial-rates-options/schedules/outdoor-lighting-service Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service

360

Data:Fca538e1-3c96-4cbe-b125-478880b00922 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fca538e1-3c96-4cbe-b125-478880b00922 Fca538e1-3c96-4cbe-b125-478880b00922 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: East Mississippi Elec Pwr Assn Effective date: 2012/11/01 End date if known: Rate name: LIGHTING--SCHEDULE LS--Rate SL 150 watt High Pressure Sodium Flood or Metal Halide Sector: Description: Availability A member must be receiving electric service to be eligible for a security light at that location. Character of Service Mercury Vapor, High Pressure Sodium Metal Halide light, or Sodium Edison III controlled by a photoelectric switch so as to provide light from sundown to sunup.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Data:71614ce0-3c26-45bf-9eae-c994b481fb24 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ce0-3c26-45bf-9eae-c994b481fb24 ce0-3c26-45bf-9eae-c994b481fb24 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Columbus, Ohio (Utility Company) Effective date: 2013/06/01 End date if known: Rate name: Residential (KW11) Sector: Residential Description: Apartments and dwellings providing domestic accommodations for an individual family. Applicable to residential users with summer usages less than 700 KWH in any month. Source or reference: http://publicutilities.columbus.gov/WorkArea/linkit.aspx?LinkIdentifier=id&ItemID=45273 Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW):

362

Data:4ddb4011-4c3f-45f5-aea6-c8bb3c2bcaed | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ddb4011-4c3f-45f5-aea6-c8bb3c2bcaed ddb4011-4c3f-45f5-aea6-c8bb3c2bcaed No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Modesto Irrigation District Effective date: 2011/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule D Residential Service Sector: Residential Description: Applicability This Schedule is applicable to individual family accommodations devoted primarily to residential, household and related purposes (as distinguished from commercial, professional and industrial purposes), to general farm service on a farm, where the residence on such farm is supplied through the same meter, and to public dwelling units as provided in Special Provision 1.

363

Data:E6c19a79-d570-41f7-9521-25e4d3c67467 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

a79-d570-41f7-9521-25e4d3c67467 a79-d570-41f7-9521-25e4d3c67467 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Randolph Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2013/04/01 End date if known: Rate name: UL23 - MV 175W Sector: Lighting Description: AVAILABILITY This schedule is available to individual members located on the Cooperative's distribution system. Mercury vapor lights are only available at existing locations. RATE - MONTHLY All night outdoor lighting service using underground conductors and the Cooperative's standard lighting package equipment mounted on 30-foot Class 6, treated pine poles requiring 150 feet or less of secondary underground conductor.

364

Data:0b547592-050b-43f5-ae63-d0fa3c718694 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

7592-050b-43f5-ae63-d0fa3c718694 7592-050b-43f5-ae63-d0fa3c718694 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Sumter Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2012/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Underground HPS Traditional 150 W w/ Aid Sector: Lighting Description: * Fixed Monthly Charge does not include monthly pole rate charges Source or reference: http://www.sumteremc.com/pdfs/OL-9.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V):

365

Data:18aade9a-90bf-42e9-b25c-dabbaff3c553 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

aade9a-90bf-42e9-b25c-dabbaff3c553 aade9a-90bf-42e9-b25c-dabbaff3c553 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Southwest Rural Elec Assn Inc Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Large Power, Industrial Secondary Service Sector: Industrial Description: * Available to Commercial or industrial service over 25kw. Minimum:Higher of 25kw or 90% of previous June-September demand. All bills are adjusted by applicable taxes. Summer rates cover May- October and Winter cover November- April. Source or reference: Rate binder # 4(Illinios State University) Source Parent: Comments Applicability

366

Data:F166bf1e-829c-4e3c-b7bb-2ff59b04a741 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

829c-4e3c-b7bb-2ff59b04a741 829c-4e3c-b7bb-2ff59b04a741 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Southeast Electric Coop, Inc Effective date: 2010/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Stock Water Well Sector: Residential Description: Source or reference: Rate Binder Kelly 11 ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments $360 per year / 12 months = $30 per month. Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous

367

Data:7bcef931-9b44-4d3c-b577-7c743ff40ab5 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

bcef931-9b44-4d3c-b577-7c743ff40ab5 bcef931-9b44-4d3c-b577-7c743ff40ab5 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: French Broad Elec Member Corp (Tennessee) Effective date: 2009/04/01 End date if known: Rate name: Commercial Generation Three Phase Sector: Commercial Description: Plus Wholesale Purchase Power Fuel Charge (Or Credit) and Sales Tax where applicable Source or reference: http://www.frenchbroademc.com/rateschedule.cfm Source Parent: Comments The Flat rate Adjustment is the Generation credit($/kwh generated) Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months):

368

Data:1cf649dd-fa6d-4f2c-bf09-f09aba3c4659 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

dd-fa6d-4f2c-bf09-f09aba3c4659 dd-fa6d-4f2c-bf09-f09aba3c4659 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Platte-Clay Electric Coop, Inc Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: SL - 1000 watt MH Flood Light (Box) Sector: Lighting Description: Available for lighting streets, walkways, or outdoor lighting of public or private areas when such facilities are operated and maintained as an extension of the Cooperative's distribution system. Electric usage will be unmetered. Source or reference: Rate Binder Kelly 11 ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW)

369

Data:749debdb-c71b-4497-9ab0-10e3c1e8ac97 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

debdb-c71b-4497-9ab0-10e3c1e8ac97 debdb-c71b-4497-9ab0-10e3c1e8ac97 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Cairo, Georgia (Utility Company) Effective date: 2011/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: Competetive Service Electric Rate CS-1 Sector: Commercial Description: This rate is applicable to all non-residential customers whose highest annual peak demand exceeds 5,000 KW and request a contract to define certain terms of electric service/ Subject to Power Cost Adjustment(PCA). The Demand charge, energy charge, excess reactive demand and minimum monthly charge are per the contract.

370

Data:31eec4ef-1da8-4d5d-b10e-3c94ad677750 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

eec4ef-1da8-4d5d-b10e-3c94ad677750 eec4ef-1da8-4d5d-b10e-3c94ad677750 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Tillamook Peoples Utility Dist Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: SEASONAL/FARM Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: http://www.tpud.org/servicesAndBilling/rateSchedules.aspx Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous

371

Data:F4f53fd1-ff3c-470a-ac09-80de1228123a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

fd1-ff3c-470a-ac09-80de1228123a fd1-ff3c-470a-ac09-80de1228123a No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Prescott, Arkansas (Utility Company) Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Rental Lights-Night water-150 HP Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: Rate Binder#4 (Illinois State University) Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

372

Data:3f6b198d-b007-4de4-b219-3c28dba94bdd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b198d-b007-4de4-b219-3c28dba94bdd b198d-b007-4de4-b219-3c28dba94bdd No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Poudre Valley R E A, Inc Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: IP - Irrigation Sector: Residential Description: These rates are available to consumers for agriculture irrigation services, including wholesale nurseries, three farms, and sod/turf farms. There rates are not available to golf courses, homeowners' associations, or installations where irrigation is incidental to other electrical usage. Rates are subject to the established rules and regulations, tariffs, bylaws and Articles, of Incorporation of the Association.

373

Data:43a29280-0830-430d-9c3c-29c30b5229a5 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

a29280-0830-430d-9c3c-29c30b5229a5 a29280-0830-430d-9c3c-29c30b5229a5 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Albemarle Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2012/06/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Security Lighting - 250 watt MV/MH - Cobra Head Sector: Lighting Description: * Single-phase, 60-cycle alternating current, providing service to automatically controlled dusk-to-dawn lighting, using either the Cooperative's standard fixtures on a new or existing pole or one of the Cooperative's standard ornamental lighting packages. Source or reference: http://www.albemarle-emc.com/Documents/rateschedule.pdf

374

Data:E7b17a34-6435-435b-9177-30b3c3b23ca3 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

-6435-435b-9177-30b3c3b23ca3 -6435-435b-9177-30b3c3b23ca3 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Eugene, Oregon (Utility Company) Effective date: 2013/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: J-3 Customer-owned Street Lighting Service (existing customers only) 700 Watt MV Mercury Vapor Sector: Lighting Description: To governmental agency, lighting district, and water district-owned daily, dusk-to-dawn lighting systems which illuminate streets, alleys, and thoroughfares used primarily for motorized vehicular traffic and which meet EWEB's specifications. Source or reference: http://www.eweb.org/public/documents/policies/electric5.pdf

375

Data:591221f5-a1ca-49b1-a2d3-3c21d15acbf3 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

f5-a1ca-49b1-a2d3-3c21d15acbf3 f5-a1ca-49b1-a2d3-3c21d15acbf3 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Amicalola Electric Member Corp Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Security Lights Flood 400 W Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: http://www.amicalolaemc.com/securitylights.htm Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous

376

Data:75d18a59-ab26-40c4-b30f-35f3ef3c6560 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

a59-ab26-40c4-b30f-35f3ef3c6560 a59-ab26-40c4-b30f-35f3ef3c6560 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Benton, Kentucky (Utility Company) Effective date: 2012/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: Residential Sector: Residential Description: Source or reference: https://cas.sharepoint.illinoisstate.edu/grants/Sunshot/Lists/DATA%20ENTRY%20Needs%20V2/Attachments/201/Benton_0060.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service

377

Data:8cc123d2-2dfc-4402-84fe-65804cb3c383 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

23d2-2dfc-4402-84fe-65804cb3c383 23d2-2dfc-4402-84fe-65804cb3c383 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Southern Public Power District Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: STREET LIGHTING SERVICE: 250 Watt Mercury Vapor Sector: Lighting Description: Light w/Pole or Secondary: $11.96 Available: In incorporated communities in which the District is engaged in the distribution and sales of electric energy and in platted subdivisions in which an association has the ability to collect charges from its members and be responsible for billings. Source or reference: http://www.southernpd.com/streetlightservice.pdf

378

Data:0c210c5a-1625-4d48-b307-3c9976438eaa | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

0c5a-1625-4d48-b307-3c9976438eaa 0c5a-1625-4d48-b307-3c9976438eaa No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Foley Board of Utilities Effective date: 2012/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: Unmetered Ornamental Lighting- Acorn or Coach Lantern- 12000 Lumen Metal Halide with Fluted Concrete Decorative Base Pole Sector: Lighting Description: This rate is available to any municipality in which the Utility operates the local electric distribution system or to Baldwin County or to the State of Alabama for service along any highway adjacent to an electric distribution system of the Utility.

379

Data:8dd9ba44-99ff-4991-9652-d0dfa3c637b4 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

dd9ba44-99ff-4991-9652-d0dfa3c637b4 dd9ba44-99ff-4991-9652-d0dfa3c637b4 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Northwestern Rural E C A, Inc Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Single Phase Service - Small Commercial Sector: Commercial Description: AVAILABILITY This rate applies to single-phase commercial service requiring a 50 KVA or less transformer. This rate is not available to service for single-phase motors in excess of 10 HP or an electrical device with a potential load in excess of 20 kW unless such motor or device was installed prior to May 25, 1988.

380

Data:D3d472f9-c4fc-4c3c-b64e-f266d022fcfe | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2f9-c4fc-4c3c-b64e-f266d022fcfe 2f9-c4fc-4c3c-b64e-f266d022fcfe No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Kings Mountain, North Carolina (Utility Company) Effective date: 2011/07/31 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Service- 400W High Pressure Sodium- Flood, Existing Pole Sector: Lighting Description: Available to individual customer at locations on the City's distribution system. Source or reference: http://www.cityofkm.com/Downloads/billing/Electric_Rates.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Data:2459497f-0fa7-440d-96f4-8c3c40611554 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

7f-0fa7-440d-96f4-8c3c40611554 7f-0fa7-440d-96f4-8c3c40611554 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Cornhusker Public Power Dist Effective date: 2012/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Monthly Farm Residential and Commercial Single-Phase Rural Service A(1) Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: Ilinois State University Rate binder # 10 Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring:

382

Data:Ce785d69-ca41-42be-9958-7344cd74ca3c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ce785d69-ca41-42be-9958-7344cd74ca3c Ce785d69-ca41-42be-9958-7344cd74ca3c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: South Central Public Pwr Dist Effective date: 2012/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: Area&Directional Lighting Service Rate N722 Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: Illinois State University Rate Binder #10 Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous

383

Data:A962df4f-3619-43dc-a18a-41b934a3c6c5 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

f-3619-43dc-a18a-41b934a3c6c5 f-3619-43dc-a18a-41b934a3c6c5 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Danville, Virginia (Utility Company) Effective date: 2012/08/28 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Rental Lighting Service- Standard Security Lights- (100W HPS Flood) Sector: Lighting Description: Available for outdoor lighting of yards, walkways and other areas. Lights to be served hereunder shall be at locations that are easily and economically accessible to Utility equipment and personnel for construction and maintenance. Source or reference: http://www.danville-va.gov/DocumentCenter/View/8181

384

Data:857e7087-0a3c-4c86-bdd7-3392a7e93b29 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

87-0a3c-4c86-bdd7-3392a7e93b29 87-0a3c-4c86-bdd7-3392a7e93b29 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Nolin Rural Electric Coop Corp Effective date: 2011/06/01 End date if known: Rate name: Street Lighting: Ornamental Service Overhead 400 Watt HPS Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: www.nolinrecc.com Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

385

Data:54b3a1c6-efed-4204-b7f4-3c24c4646ab7 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

c6-efed-4204-b7f4-3c24c4646ab7 c6-efed-4204-b7f4-3c24c4646ab7 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Village of Ludlow, Vermont (Utility Company) Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: 01 Residential Sector: Residential Description: Source or reference: ISU Documentation DOE Sharepoint Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous

386

Structure determination of thermal-spray materials using synchrotron x-ray microtomography. [Cr[sub 3]C[sub 2]/NiCr thermal-spray coating  

SciTech Connect

The structure of materials prepared using thermal spray methods is difficult to determine using conventional microscopy of porosimetry methods. The difficulties inherent in these approaches can be circumvented using synchrotron computed microtomography(CMT). An example of the use of CMT to produce a high resolution non- destructive image of a thermal-spray coating is Cr[sub 3]C[sub 2]/NiCr is described here to illustrate the power of this technique.

Spanne, P.; Jones, K.W. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)); Herman, H. (State Univ. of New York, Stony Brook, NY (United States)); Riggs, W.L. (General Electric Co., Cincinnati, OH (United States). Aircraft Engines)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Complete Fiber/Copper Cable Solution for Long-Term Temperature and Pressure  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Complete Fiber/Copper Cable Solution for Long-Term Temperature and Pressure Complete Fiber/Copper Cable Solution for Long-Term Temperature and Pressure Measurement in Supercritical Reservoirs and EGS Wells Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title Complete Fiber/Copper Cable Solution for Long-Term Temperature and Pressure Measurement in Supercritical Reservoirs and EGS Wells Project Type / Topic 1 Recovery Act: Enhanced Geothermal Systems Component Research and Development/Analysis Project Type / Topic 2 High-Temperature Downhole Tools Project Description Draka has engaged top academic, national laboratory and industry research scientists to develop the myriad of technical advances required - from glass chemistry to encapsulation metallurgy. Draka will develop the required advances in buffer tubing, cladding, wire insulation materials and cable packaging as well as coordinate activities of other participants. Draka Communications will develop the required advances in glass chemistry, fiber coatings and fiber drawing technologies. AltaRock Energy, Inc., a renewable energy company focused on research & development, will provide well field services and EGS wells for long-term testing and validation of the cable at Geysers, California. Tetramer has been engaged for the required advances in candidate materials for fiber coating and encapsulation technologies. Sandia will provide laboratory testing and validation of Draka's fiber solutions at elevated temperatures, pressures and hydrogen levels. Permatools (a Sandia EGS spin-off) will provide EGS tools to validate the finished cable design and will also coordinate in-well testing. Permatools (a Sandia EGS spin-off) will provide EGS tools to validate the finished cable design and will also coordinate in-well testing.

388

A NEW METHOD TO CORRECT FOR FIBER COLLISIONS IN GALAXY TWO-POINT STATISTICS  

SciTech Connect

In fiber-fed galaxy redshift surveys, the finite size of the fiber plugs prevents two fibers from being placed too close to one another, limiting the ability to study galaxy clustering on all scales. We present a new method for correcting such fiber collision effects in galaxy clustering statistics based on spectroscopic observations. The target galaxy sample is divided into two distinct populations according to the targeting algorithm of fiber placement, one free of fiber collisions and the other consisting of collided galaxies. The clustering statistics are a combination of the contributions from these two populations. Our method makes use of observations in tile overlap regions to measure the contributions from the collided population, and to therefore recover the full clustering statistics. The method is rooted in solid theoretical ground and is tested extensively on mock galaxy catalogs. We demonstrate that our method can well recover the projected and the full three-dimensional (3D) redshift-space two-point correlation functions (2PCFs) on scales both below and above the fiber collision scale, superior to the commonly used nearest neighbor and angular correction methods. We discuss potential systematic effects in our method. The statistical correction accuracy of our method is only limited by sample variance, which scales down with (the square root of) the volume probed. For a sample similar to the final SDSS-III BOSS galaxy sample, the statistical correction error is expected to be at the level of 1% on scales {approx}0.1-30 h {sup -1} Mpc for the 2PCFs. The systematic error only occurs on small scales, caused by imperfect correction of collision multiplets, and its magnitude is expected to be smaller than 5%. Our correction method, which can be generalized to other clustering statistics as well, enables more accurate measurements of full 3D galaxy clustering on all scales with galaxy redshift surveys.

Guo Hong; Zehavi, Idit [Department of Astronomy, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44106 (United States); Zheng Zheng [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Utah, 115 South 1400 East, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 (United States)

2012-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

389

Orientation factor and number of fibers at failure plane in ring-type steel fiber reinforced concrete  

SciTech Connect

Considering the probabilistic distributions of fibers in ring-type steel fiber reinforced concrete, the orientation factor and the number of ring-type steel fibers crossing the failure plane were theoretically derived as a function of fiber geometry, specimen dimensions, and fiber volume fraction. A total number of 24 specimens were tested incorporating different fiber types, specimen geometry, and fiber volume fractions of 0.2% and 0.4%: 5 beams and 5 panels containing straight steel fibers; and 6 beams and 8 panels containing ring-type steel fibers. Measurements were made to assess the number of fibers at fractured surfaces of steel fiber reinforced concrete. The developed theoretical expressions reasonably predicted the orientation factor and the number of ring-type steel fibers at failure plane: the average and the standard deviation for the ratios of the test to theory were 1.03 and 0.26, respectively. Theoretical investigations and comparisons were made for the values of orientation factor and the number of fibers at failure plane for straight steel fibers and ring-type steel fibers.

Lee, C., E-mail: cdlee@cau.ac.k [School of Architecture and Building Science, Chung-Ang University, Seoul 156-756 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, H. [School of Architecture and Building Science, Chung-Ang University, Seoul 156-756 (Korea, Republic of)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

390

Energy Efficient Indoor VOC Air Cleaning with Activated Carbon Fiber (ACF) Filters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

compound by activated carbon fiber. Carbon 2004, 42(14):of an activated carbon fiber cloth adsorber. Journal ofindoor VOCs activated carbon fibers. Proceedings of IAQ

Sidheswaran, Meera

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Lifetime Response of a Hi-Nicalon Fiber-Reinforced Melt-Infiltrated SiC Matrix Composites  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Lifetime studies in four-point flexure were performed on a Hi-NicalonTM fiber-reinforced SiC matrix composite over a temperature range of 700 degrees to 1150 degrees C in air. The composite consisted of ~40 vol. % Hi-NicalonTM fiber (8-harness weave) with a 0.5 Mu-m BN fiber coating and a melt-infiltration SiC matrix wand was tested with as-machined surfaces. Lifetime results indicated that the composite exhibited a stress-dependent lifetime at stress levels above an apparent fatigue limit, similar to the trend observed in CG-NicalonTM fiber reinforced CVI SiC matrix composites. At less than or equal to 950 degrees C, the lifetimes of Hi-Nicalon/MI SiC composites decreased with increasing applied stress level and test temperature. However, the lifetimes were extended as test temperature increased from 950 degees to 1150 degrees C as a result of surface crack sealing due to glass formation by the oxidation of Mi SiC matrix. The lifetime governing processes were, in general, attributed to the progressive oxidation of BN fiber coating and formation of glassy phase, which formed a strong bond between fiber and matrix, resulting in embrittlement of the composite with time.

Becher, P.F.; Lin, H.T.; Singh, M.

1999-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

392

Activated carbon fibers and engineered forms from renewable resources  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of producing activated carbon fibers (ACFs) includes the steps of providing a natural carbonaceous precursor fiber material, blending the carbonaceous precursor material with a chemical activation agent to form chemical agent-impregnated precursor fibers, spinning the chemical agent-impregnated precursor material into fibers, and thermally treating the chemical agent-impregnated precursor fibers. The carbonaceous precursor material is both carbonized and activated to form ACFs in a single step. The method produces ACFs exclusive of a step to isolate an intermediate carbon fiber.

Baker, Frederick S

2013-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

393

Concentric core optical fiber with multiple-mode signal transmission  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A concentric core optical fiber provides for the simultaneous but independent transmission of signals over a single optical fiber. The concentric optical fiber is constructed of a single-mode or multimode inner optical fiber defined by a core and a cladding of a lower index of refraction than the core and an outer optical fiber defined by additional cladding concentrically disposed around the cladding and of an index of refraction lower than the first mentioned cladding whereby the latter functions as the core of the outer optical fiber. By employing such an optical fiber construction with a single-mode inner core or optical fiber, highly sensitive interferometric and stable less sensitive amplitude based sensors can be placed along the same length of a concentric core optical fiber. Also, by employing the concentric core optical fiber secure telecommunications can be achieved via the inner optical fiber since an intrusion of the concentric optical fiber will first cause a variation in the light being transmitted through the outer optical fiber and this variation of light being used to trigger a suitable alarm indicative of the intrusion. 3 figs.

Muhs, J.D.

1997-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

394

Concentric core optical fiber with multiple-mode signal transmission  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A concentric core optical fiber provides for the simultaneous but independent transmission of signals over a single optical fiber. The concentric optical fiber is constructed of a single-mode or multimode inner optical fiber defined by a core and a cladding of a lower index of refraction than the core and an outer optical fiber defined by additional cladding concentrically disposed around the cladding and of an index of refraction lower than the first mentioned cladding whereby the latter functions as the core of the outer optical fiber. By employing such an optical fiber construction with a single-mode inner core or optical fiber, highly sensitive interferometric and stable less sensitive amplitude based sensors can be placed along the same length of a concentric core optical fiber. Also, by employing the concentric core optical fiber secure telecommunications can be achieved via the inner optical fiber since an intrusion of the concentric optical fiber will first cause a variation in the light being transmitted through the outer optical fiber and this variation of light being used to trigger a suitable alarm indicative of the intrusion.

Muhs, Jeffrey D. (Lenoir City, TN)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Hot Springs-Garrison Fiber Optic Project  

SciTech Connect

Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) is proposing to upgrade its operational telecommunications system between the Hot Springs Substation and the Garrison Substation using a fiber optic system. The project would primarily involve installing 190 kilometers (120 miles) of fiber optic cable on existing transmission structures and installing new fiber optic equipment in BPA`s substation yards and control houses. BPA prepared an environmental assessment (EA) evaluating the proposed action. This EA was published in October 1994. The EA identifies a number of minor impacts that might occur as a result of the proposed action, as well as some recommended mitigation measures. This Mitigation Action Plan (MAP) identifies specific measures to avoid, minimize, or compensate for impacts identified in the EA.

Not Available

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Carbon Fiber Damage in Particle Beam  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon fibers are commonly used as moving targets in beam wire scanners. The heating of the fiber due to energy loss of the particles travelling through is simulated with Geant4. The heating induced by the beam electromagnetic field is estimated with ANSYS. The heat transfer and sublimation processes are modelled. Due to the model nonlinearity, a numerical approach based on discretization of the wire movement is used to solve it for particular beams. Radiation damage to the fiber is estimated with SRIM. The model is tested with available SPS and LEP data and a dedicated damage test on the SPS beam is performed followed by a post-mortem analysis of the wire remnants. Predictions for the LHC beams are made.

Dehning, B; Kroyer, T; Meyer, M; Sapinski, M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Simulations of carbon fiber composite delamination tests  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Simulations of mode I interlaminar fracture toughness tests of a carbon-reinforced composite material (BMS 8-212) were conducted with LSDYNA. The fracture toughness tests were performed by U.C. Berkeley. The simulations were performed to investigate the validity and practicality of employing decohesive elements to represent interlaminar bond failures that are prevalent in carbon-fiber composite structure penetration events. The simulations employed a decohesive element formulation that was verified on a simple two element model before being employed to perform the full model simulations. Care was required during the simulations to ensure that the explicit time integration of LSDYNA duplicate the near steady-state testing conditions. In general, this study validated the use of employing decohesive elements to represent the interlaminar bond failures seen in carbon-fiber composite structures, but the practicality of employing the elements to represent the bond failures seen in carbon-fiber composite structures during penetration events was not established.

Kay, G

2007-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

398

Interlayer toughening of fiber composite flywheel rotors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An interlayer toughening mechanism is described to mitigate the growth of damage in fiber composite flywheel rotors for long application. The interlayer toughening mechanism may comprise one or more tough layers composed of high-elongation fibers, high-strength fibers arranged in a woven pattern at a range from 0{degree} to 90{degree} to the rotor axis and bound by a ductile matrix material which adheres to and is compatible with the materials used for the bulk of the rotor. The number and spacing of the tough interlayers is a function of the design requirements and expected lifetime of the rotor. The mechanism has particular application in uninterruptable power supplies, electrical power grid reservoirs, and compulsators for electric guns, as well as electromechanical batteries for vehicles. 2 figs.

Groves, S.E.; Deteresa, S.J.

1998-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

399

Interlayer toughening of fiber composite flywheel rotors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An interlayer toughening mechanism to mitigate the growth of damage in fiber composite flywheel rotors for long application. The interlayer toughening mechanism may comprise one or more tough layers composed of high-elongation fibers, high-strength fibers arranged in a woven pattern at a range from 0.degree. to 90.degree. to the rotor axis and bound by a ductile matrix material which adheres to and is compatible with the materials used for the bulk of the rotor. The number and spacing of the tough interlayers is a function of the design requirements and expected lifetime of the rotor. The mechanism has particular application in uninterruptable power supplies, electrical power grid reservoirs, and compulsators for electric guns, as well as electromechanical batteries for vehicles.

Groves, Scott E. (Brentwood, CA); Deteresa, Steven J. (Livermore, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Data:1af230d5-5e65-4802-be70-3d3c816a1548 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

af230d5-5e65-4802-be70-3d3c816a1548 af230d5-5e65-4802-be70-3d3c816a1548 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Public Service Co of NM Effective date: 2013/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: 12 Cogeneration and Small Power Production TOU Secondary Distribution (1A, 1B, 2A, 2B, 3B, 3C, 10A, & 10B) Sector: Description: This rate is available to qualifying co-generation and small power production facilities which operate in parallel with the Company's system and which demonstrate Qualifying Facility status in accordance with Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Rules and Regulations 18 CFR Part 292, Subpart B, Sections 292.201 through 292.207. This Schedule sets out the Company's energy purchase rates and the applicable rates and charges for specified services provided by the Company pursuant to 17.9.570 NMAC. Service will be furnished in accordance with the Company's Rules and Regulations, the New Mexico Public Regulation Commission's Rules and Regulations as applicable and any amendments or modifications thereto. For QFs rated at 10 kW or less, the provisions of Rule 570.14 and any amendments or modifications thereto apply. Regulations as amended, are a part of this Schedule as if fully written herein. These documents are available at the Company's offices and are on file with the NMPRC.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Cellulosic Fiber Composites Using Protein Hydrolysates and Methods of Making Same  

This technology relates to cellulosic fiber composites using protein hydrolysates. Cellulosic fiber composites currently use petroleum-derived binders ...

402

Characterization by mercury porosimetry of nonwoven fiber media with deformation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The porosity and pore diameter distribution are important characteristics of nonwoven fiber media. With the advent of electrospinning, the production of mats of nonwoven fibrous materials with fiber diameters in the 0.1-10 ...

Rutledge, Gregory C.

403

Method of thermochemically treating silicon carbide fibers derived from polymers  

SciTech Connect

A method is described of thermochemically treating polymeric-derived silicon carbide fiber comprising the step of: annealing a silicon carbide fiber derived from organosilicon polymeric precursors said fiber further including at least: (1) excess carbon and oxygen, (2) excess silicon and oxygen, or (3) nitrogen, at a temperature between 800 C and 1,800 C, thus outgassing from said silicon carbide fiber at least one member selected from the group consisting of nitrogen, silicon monoxide and carbon monoxide, in intimate contact with carbon particles and in the presence of a gas capable of reacting in the presence of said carbon particles and said silicon carbide fiber, with products and byproducts formed as a result of said outgassing to form silicon carbide, so that said annealing step provides an annealed fiber wherein at least said silicon of the silicon carbide at said modified surface of said annealed fiber was originally present in said fiber prior to said annealing step.

Wallace, J.S.; Bender, B.A.; Schrodt, D.

1993-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

404

Fiber Supercapacitors DOI: 10.1002/anie.201006062  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fiber Supercapacitors DOI: 10.1002/anie.201006062 Fiber Supercapacitors Made of Nanowire storage devices such as batteries and supercapacitors need to be explored, but future develop- ment. In recent years, electrochemical supercapacitors have attracted much attention as novel energy

Wang, Zhong L.

405

Genetically engineered phage fibers and coatings for antibacterial applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multifunctionality can be imparted to protein-based fibers and coatings via either synthetic or biological approaches. Here, we demonstrate potent antimicrobial functionality of genetically engineered, phage-based fibers ...

Mao, Joan Y

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Characterization of Thermal Properties of Curaua Fibers by ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... among others, are required especially in the case of an insulating natural fiber. In the present work, thermal properties of the curaua fibers were investigated by ... Evolution of Crystallographic Texture of Cold Roll Bonding and Annealing...

407

Intrinsic Fabry-Perot optical fiber sensors and their multiplexing  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An intrinsic Fabry-Perot optical sensor includes a thin film sandwiched between two fiber ends. When light is launched into the fiber, two reflections are generated at the two fiber/thin film interfaces due to a difference in refractive indices between the fibers and the film, giving rise to the sensor output. In another embodiment, a portion of the cladding of a fiber is removed, creating two parallel surfaces. Part of the evanescent fields of light propagating in the fiber is reflected at each of the surfaces, giving rise to the sensor output. In a third embodiment, the refractive index of a small portion of a fiber is changed through exposure to a laser beam or other radiation. Interference between reflections at the ends of the small portion give rise to the sensor output. Multiple sensors along a single fiber are multiplexed using an optical time domain reflectometry method.

Wang, Anbo (Blacksburg, VA)

2007-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

408

Fiber optically isolated and remotely stabilized data transmission system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fiber optically isolated and remotely stabilized data transmission system s described wherein optical data may be transmitted over an optical data fiber from a remote source which includes a data transmitter and a power supply at the remote source. The transmitter may be remotely calibrated and stabilized via an optical control fiber, and the power source may be remotely cycled between duty and standby modes via an optical control fiber.

Nelson, Melvin A. (Santa Barbara, CA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Fiber-Optic Sensors to Monitor Deepwater Oil and Gas ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fiber-Optic Sensors to Monitor Deepwater Oil and Gas Pipelines. Partnering Organization: Luna Innovations, Incorporated, Blacksburg, VA. ...

410

Nanomaterials on Fiber Optic Sensors in Healthcare and Industry ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fiber optic sensors have several advantages over conventional electrical counterparts: 1) immunity to electromagnetic interference; 2)Lightweight; 3) Small

411

System to Continuously Produce Carbon Fiber via Microwave-Assisted ...  

Biomass and Biofuels; Building ... Carbon and graphite fibers are conventionally produced through the controlled pyrolysis of fibrous organic carbon precursors ...

412

Fiber optically isolated and remotely stabilized data transmission system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fiber optically isolated and remotely stabilized data transmission systems described wherein optical data may be transmitted over an optical data fiber from a remote source which includes a data transmitter and a power supply at the remote source. The transmitter may be remotely calibrated and stabilized via an optical control fiber, and the power source may be remotely cycled between duty and standby modes via an optical control fiber. 3 figs.

Nelson, M.A.

1992-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

413

Mechanical Properties of Tensile Tested Coir Fiber Reinforced ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lignocellulosic-Based Carbon Fibers from Biofuel Production Wastes Magnesium Sheets Produced by Extrusion Magnetite Formation Observed with TEM on...

414

A fiber optically isolated and remotely stabilized data transmission system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

It is, an object of this invention to provide a fiber optically isolated and remotely stabilized data transmission system wherein optical data may be transmitted over an optical data fiber from a remote source which includes a data transmitter and a power supply at the remote source, the transmitter may be remotely calibrated and stabilized via an optical control fiber, and the power source may be remotely cycled between duty and standby modes via an optical control fiber.

Nelson, M.A.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

A fiber optically isolated and remotely stabilized data transmission system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

It is, an object of this invention to provide a fiber optically isolated and remotely stabilized data transmission system wherein optical data may be transmitted over an optical data fiber from a remote source which includes a data transmitter and a power supply at the remote source, the transmitter may be remotely calibrated and stabilized via an optical control fiber, and the power source may be remotely cycled between duty and standby modes via an optical control fiber.

Nelson, M.A.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

416

Carbon Fibers and Carbon Nanotubes - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 17, 2010 ... Polymer Nanocomposites: Carbon Fibers and Carbon Nanotubes Sponsored by: The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society Program...

417

Charpy Impact Resistance of Alkali Treated Curaua Fiber ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lignocellulosic-Based Carbon Fibers from Biofuel Production Wastes Magnesium Sheets Produced by Extrusion Magnetite Formation Observed with TEM on...

418

Tensile Strength of Bamboo Fibers: Weibull Analysis to Characterize ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lignocellulosic-Based Carbon Fibers from Biofuel Production Wastes Magnesium Sheets Produced by Extrusion Magnetite Formation Observed with TEM on...

419

Fiber Laser Cladding of Spherotene Spherical Fused WC/Inconel ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Conditioning of Composite Lubricant Powder for Cold Spray Confirmation ... Fabrication of Surface Composite via Additive Friction Stir Technology Fiber Laser...

420

BIMA Memoranda Series Report from First Hat Creek Fiber-Optic Test  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-mode fibers.* * On Sept. 20, the fiber-optic link was disassembled and the normal system restored. 2 system. 2.2 Fiber-Optic Cable Two 100-m lengths of fiber-optic cable were used in the experiments. 5 #12; A Fiber-Optic Upgrade of the BIMA Array In light of the success of the fiber-optic link

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "level 3c fiber" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Geomembrane barriers using integral fiber optics to monitor barrier integrity  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention provides a geomembrane or geotextile with embedded optical sensors that are used to monitor the status of containment site barriers. Fiber optic strands are used to form the sensors that can detect and monitor conditions at the sites such as breaches, slope creep, subsidence, leachate levels, fires, and types of materials present or leaking from the site. The strands are integral to the membrane or textile materials. The geosythetic membrane is deployed at the site in a fashion similar to carpet laying. Edges of the membrane or textile are joined to form a liner and the ends of the membrane or textile become the connection zones for obtaining signals from the sensors. A connection interface with a control system to generate Optical Time Delay Response or other light signals for transmission to the optic fiber strands or sensors and also to receive reflected signals from the sensors is included in the system. Software to interpret the sensor signals can be used in the geosythetic monitoring system.

Staller, George E. (Albuquerque, NM); Wemple, Robert P. (Albuquerque, NM)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Geomembrane barriers using integral fiber optics to monitor barrier integrity  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention provides a geomembrane or geotextile with embedded optical sensors that are used to monitor the status of containment site barriers. Fiber optic strands are used to form the sensors that can detect and monitor conditions at the sites such as breaches, slope creep, subsidence, leachate levels, fires, and types of materials present or leaking from the site. The strands are integral to the membrane or textile materials. The geosynthetic membrane is deployed at the site in a fashion similar to carpet laying. Edges of the membrane or textile are joined to form a liner and the ends of the membrane or textile become the connection zones for obtaining signals from the sensors. A connection interface with a control system to generate Optical Time Delay Response or other light signals for transmission to the optic fiber strands or sensors and also to receive reflected signals from the sensors is included in the system. Software to interpret the sensor signals can be used in the geosynthetic monitoring system. 6 figs.

Staller, G.E.; Wemple, R.P.

1996-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

423

Low Cost Fiber-Optic Links for Digital Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

will allow longer fiber-optic links to operate at fre- quencies beyond the flat portion of the system side of the board. Production fiber-optic systems can Equation 4. OPM (dB) = Optical power margin. PR shielding should be applied to the receiver if the system using the fiber-optic link is extremely noisy

Berns, Hans-Gerd

424

Test of Conductive Carbon Fiber Enhancing the Structural Bearing Capacity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research mechanism of conductive carbon fiber concrete, including mechanical intelligent properties, electrical properties, thermo-sensitive properties and mechanical properties. Put forward intelligent programs of carbon fiber concrete bridge, and do ... Keywords: conductive carbon fiber, CFRP concrete, intelligent programs, properties test, structural bearing capacity

Xiao-ming He; Jie Liang; Peng Guan

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

EFFECTS OF FIBER WAVINESS ON COMPOSITES FOR WIND TURBINE BLADES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EFFECTS OF FIBER WAVINESS ON COMPOSITES FOR WIND TURBINE BLADES J.F. Mandell D.D. Samborsky and L Composite materials of interest for wind turbine blades use relatively low cost fibers, resins and processes WORDS: Composite Materials, Fiber Waviness, Compressive Strength #12;1. INTRODUCTION Wind turbine blades

426

Data:03872738-aa59-4d64-9659-c3c62d3414c1 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

738-aa59-4d64-9659-c3c62d3414c1 738-aa59-4d64-9659-c3c62d3414c1 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Village of Pardeeville, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2007/10/10 End date if known: Rate name: Ms-1 Street Lighting Service Overhead 175 W MV Supply and Maintenance Discount Sector: Lighting Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0680 per kilowatt-hour.

427

Data:38685f64-7610-4bcf-a3c7-8211d1c81b0b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

85f64-7610-4bcf-a3c7-8211d1c81b0b 85f64-7610-4bcf-a3c7-8211d1c81b0b No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Louisville Electric System Effective date: 2012/11/01 End date if known: Rate name: Lighting- 1000W Metal Halide Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

428

Data:0c686b3c-5318-4b95-b47b-ea9c66ca4b4a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

86b3c-5318-4b95-b47b-ea9c66ca4b4a 86b3c-5318-4b95-b47b-ea9c66ca4b4a No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Athens Utility Board Effective date: 2011/04/01 End date if known: Rate name: SEASONAL DEMAND AND ENERGY RATES SMSB: Sector: Industrial Description: The Fixed Monthly charge = customer charge + TVA Administrative Fee The Fuel Charge is .02356 Source or reference: http://www.aub.org/rate_power_ci.php Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V):

429

Data:F457becf-0011-4724-98ea-c01ac3c0b68f | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

becf-0011-4724-98ea-c01ac3c0b68f becf-0011-4724-98ea-c01ac3c0b68f No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Cuba City, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2009/10/14 End date if known: Rate name: Gs-2 General Service Time-of-Day 8am-8pm Three Phase Sector: Commercial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0765 per kilowatt-hour.

430

Data:D52ff3c9-4444-47bf-bbcb-57069bf136e4 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ff3c9-4444-47bf-bbcb-57069bf136e4 ff3c9-4444-47bf-bbcb-57069bf136e4 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Hustisford Utilities Effective date: 2009/09/30 End date if known: Rate name: Gs-2 General Service Single Phase Optional Time-of-Day 9am-9pm with Parallel Generation(20kW or less) Sector: Commercial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0720 per kilowatt-hour.

431

Data:4185121c-9bc7-4993-b6cd-b3c79c073f57 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1c-9bc7-4993-b6cd-b3c79c073f57 1c-9bc7-4993-b6cd-b3c79c073f57 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Central Valley Elec Coop, Inc Effective date: 2009/02/01 End date if known: Rate name: SL- 150 Watt HPS 60 kWh (Steel Pole Underground) Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: http://www.cvecoop.org/content/rates Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

432

Data:2fed359d-6410-4740-9ef0-3c1ff1ed3d2a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

fed359d-6410-4740-9ef0-3c1ff1ed3d2a fed359d-6410-4740-9ef0-3c1ff1ed3d2a No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Village of Sauk City, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2008/08/18 End date if known: Rate name: Gs-1 General Service Three Phase Sector: Commercial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0756 per kilowatt-hour.

433

Data:A437ef5b-cf26-457f-94d9-3c918c468cc5 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b-cf26-457f-94d9-3c918c468cc5 b-cf26-457f-94d9-3c918c468cc5 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of New Lisbon, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2008/05/12 End date if known: Rate name: Cp-1 Small Power Service Primary Metering and Transformer Ownership Discount Sector: Industrial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0523 per kilowatt-hour.

434

Data:8b14cc7d-a64a-48e0-ad3c-2195ccfc7031 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

cc7d-a64a-48e0-ad3c-2195ccfc7031 cc7d-a64a-48e0-ad3c-2195ccfc7031 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of New Richmond, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2010/02/01 End date if known: Rate name: Cp-2 Large Power Time-of-Day Service Primary Metering and Transformer Ownership Discount with Parallel Generation(20kW or less) Sector: Industrial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0710 per kilowatt-hour.

435

Data:Cb6e3bf2-6d1c-4442-88f9-8cf3c0200382 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

bf2-6d1c-4442-88f9-8cf3c0200382 bf2-6d1c-4442-88f9-8cf3c0200382 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Hartford Electric Effective date: 2005/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: Cp-3 Industrial Power Time-of-Day Service above 1,000kW Demand Transformer Ownership Discount Sector: Industrial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0452 per kilowatt-hour.

436

Data:13a469f4-d70f-4c8f-9fa3-c6f1c98a45ad | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

a469f4-d70f-4c8f-9fa3-c6f1c98a45ad a469f4-d70f-4c8f-9fa3-c6f1c98a45ad No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Southern Rivers Energy Effective date: 2009/06/01 End date if known: Rate name: Farm and Home Sector: Residential Description: To farm and home Consumers for all farm and home uses, and to schools, churches, and community halls. The capacity of individual motors served under this Schedule shall not exceed seven and one-half horsepower without the consent of the Cooperative. Source or reference: Rates Binder A Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW):

437

Data:2186a6ce-9d3c-459f-8786-28398f5e77d9 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ce-9d3c-459f-8786-28398f5e77d9 ce-9d3c-459f-8786-28398f5e77d9 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Central Maine Power Co Effective date: 2012/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: A-LM Load Management Service Fixed Price Two-Year Short Term Bundled Standard Offer Sector: Description: AVAILABILITY This rate is available only to residential customers and to non-residential customers with monthly demands below 20 kW who have thermal energy storage devices and/or thermal storage heating systems integrated with resistance electric heating units (Eligible Devices). Devices that do not store thermal energy and thus would be adversely affected by periodic interruption will not be served under this rate. Service will be available under this rate for the time period between 8 p.m. on a given day and 7 a.m. on the following day. CHARACTER OF SERVICE End use service will be single phase, alternating current, 60 hertz, at one standard secondary distribution voltage as described in the Company's Handbook of Requirements for Electric Service and Meter Installations and through one point of delivery. SHORT-TERM SERVICE CHARGE

438

Data:793b9036-c6d7-4f3c-83d2-0054ed12d1fa | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b9036-c6d7-4f3c-83d2-0054ed12d1fa b9036-c6d7-4f3c-83d2-0054ed12d1fa No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Bartholomew County Rural E M C Effective date: 2011/10/01 End date if known: Rate name: Public Street Lighting Service, Sodium Lamps, 27,000 Lumens, 250W (Existing Wood Pole) Sector: Lighting Description: The above rates for Standard Public Street Lighting Service are based on the costs of standard overhead service and standard wood poles. The Customer will be required to pay a one-time contribution-in-aide-of construction (CIAC) to cover the additional costs of any non-standard lighting service requested by the Customer. Non-standard public street lighting service consists of installations requiring more than one wood pole and special poles, transformers, line extensions, non-standard fixtures and lamps, or underground service. The CIAC shall be based on the difference between the cost to provide standard service and the actual cost of the non-standard service as per current standard cost .

439

Data:855ec77a-9cef-4a3c-8a84-4f2558d79769 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ec77a-9cef-4a3c-8a84-4f2558d79769 ec77a-9cef-4a3c-8a84-4f2558d79769 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Cumberland, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2006/03/15 End date if known: Rate name: Cp-1 Small Power Service between 50kW and 200kW Demand Primary Metering Discount Sector: Industrial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0294per kilowatt-hour.

440

Data:A24fad9b-6892-47d7-8d29-48bb14cff3c4 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

fad9b-6892-47d7-8d29-48bb14cff3c4 fad9b-6892-47d7-8d29-48bb14cff3c4 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Glasgow, Kentucky (Utility Company) Effective date: 2012/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: General Rate- Schedule GSA Sector: Commercial Description: If (a) the higher of (i) the customer's currently effective contract demand, if any, or (ii) its highest billing demand during the latest 12-month period is not more than 50 kW and (b) customer's monthly energy takings for any month during such period do not exceed 15,000 kWh. Source or reference: http://www.glasgowepb.net/EPBrates.pdf

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441

Data:55ca673e-8fba-4fc2-b8ec-108c9b3c0571 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ca673e-8fba-4fc2-b8ec-108c9b3c0571 ca673e-8fba-4fc2-b8ec-108c9b3c0571 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Adams Electric Coop Effective date: 2011/04/01 End date if known: Rate name: Rate Schedule A-Tod-Grain Drying (General Purpose-Single Purpose) Sector: Commercial Description: Available to cooperative members for Grain Drying requiring single phase electric service and monthly demand less than one hundred kilowatts. The minimum monthly rate shall be $37.00 where KVA transformer capacity or less is required. For members requiring more than 15KVA transformer capacity, the minimum rate shall be increased $1.00 for each KVA or fraction above 15KVA.

442

Data:4a3940ce-5e3d-4380-9943-7cf3c0d1d368 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

5e3d-4380-9943-7cf3c0d1d368 5e3d-4380-9943-7cf3c0d1d368 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Town of Concord, Massachusetts (Utility Company) Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: RATE G-2 THREE PHASE (MEDIUM GENERAL SERVICE) Sector: Commercial Description: This rate schedule is applicable to all electric service required by the Customer for lighting, power and any other purpose, other than residential service, where the Customer's maximum metered demand is equal to or greater than 20 kW for any two months during any twelve month period. The monthly Billing Demand shall be the greater of: a) the highest metered kilowatt demand established during any 15 minute interval during the month; b) 95% of the greatest metered or calculated kVA during the month; or c) 20 kW.

443

Data:3189e1b5-e3c4-4f48-bc02-b7b87330dc18 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

e1b5-e3c4-4f48-bc02-b7b87330dc18 e1b5-e3c4-4f48-bc02-b7b87330dc18 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Hustisford Utilities Effective date: 2008/09/30 End date if known: Rate name: Rg-1 Residential Service Single Phase with Parallel Generation(20kW or less) Sector: Residential Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0720 per kilowatt-hour.

444

Data:Ba619440-a5d2-41ee-8e3c-4d5668de1d82 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

0-a5d2-41ee-8e3c-4d5668de1d82 0-a5d2-41ee-8e3c-4d5668de1d82 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Midwest Energy Inc Effective date: 2012/06/29 End date if known: Rate name: FSLS- HPS 215 Watt 82 kWh (2) Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: http://www.mwenergy.com/elecrate.aspx Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous 1 2

445

Data:B43b1a39-72c7-40da-b101-b733af3c2059 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

72c7-40da-b101-b733af3c2059 72c7-40da-b101-b733af3c2059 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Springfield, Oregon (Utility Company) Effective date: 2013/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: General Service (Large) Single Phase GS-3 Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: http://www.subutil.com/files/static_page_files/A6CFDCA3-94A4-7DCF-40A67DECC1D04974/201204SUBElec.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V):

446

Data:1efecb5e-d48d-441e-b098-45cd3c0153fe | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

efecb5e-d48d-441e-b098-45cd3c0153fe efecb5e-d48d-441e-b098-45cd3c0153fe No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Jefferson Utilities Effective date: 2009/06/01 End date if known: Rate name: Cp-3 Industrial Power Time-of-Day Service between 1,000kW and 5,000 kW Demand 7am-9pm Primary Metering and Transformer Ownership Discount Sector: Industrial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0686 per kilowatt-hour.

447

Data:3889ee79-4482-4d30-b874-e3c9d2463b36 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

9-4482-4d30-b874-e3c9d2463b36 9-4482-4d30-b874-e3c9d2463b36 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Florence Utility Comm Effective date: 2009/11/30 End date if known: Rate name: Ms-1 Street and Area Lighting Service 100 W HPS Sector: Lighting Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0791 per kilowatt-hour. This schedule will be applied to municipal street lighting. The utility will furnish, install, and maintain street lighting units. Note: HPS = High Pressure Sodium. Pole charge: $2.00 per month.

448

Data:5e52d4d6-cd3c-4448-92c4-ac93b1e528b0 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

d6-cd3c-4448-92c4-ac93b1e528b0 d6-cd3c-4448-92c4-ac93b1e528b0 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Northwestern Rural E C A, Inc Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Optional CP Generation Sector: Description: Optional Pricing for Three Phase Service: Availability of Three Phase Service: Any single phase service with transformer capacity greater than 50 KVA and all three phase services up to 1,000 kVA; upon election by any small commercial or public authority consumer for a minimum of 12 consecutive months; subject to the established rules and regulations. Criteria for Optional CP Generation Pricing To receive this option, the consumer shall be charged for the excess cost of special metering based upon the additional cost of said metering times the Cooperative's then effective fixed charge rate, or at the Cooperative's option, the CP Cost of Service Charge shall apply.

449

Data:Ec48b3c9-160d-472a-ad78-7d6fe38fc77b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b3c9-160d-472a-ad78-7d6fe38fc77b b3c9-160d-472a-ad78-7d6fe38fc77b No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Slash Pine Elec Member Corp Effective date: 1997/02/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting 175 Watt HPS Security Light Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable to Members for dust to dawn outdoor lighting, in close proximity to existing overhead secondary circuits. Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Additional Charges can be applied. Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh):

450

Data:3fe85db3-c5a5-4693-9539-42bc6ccacda7 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

5db3-c5a5-4693-9539-42bc6ccacda7 5db3-c5a5-4693-9539-42bc6ccacda7 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Village of Mt Horeb, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2009/04/01 End date if known: Rate name: Cp-1 TOD Small Power Optional Time-of-Day Service Primary Metering Discount with Parallel Generation(20kW or less) Sector: Industrial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0753 per kilowatt-hour.

451

Data:2ad93708-7776-4aba-b57d-5be76a3c7f60 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ad93708-7776-4aba-b57d-5be76a3c7f60 ad93708-7776-4aba-b57d-5be76a3c7f60 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Interstate Power and Light Co Effective date: 2011/04/11 End date if known: Rate name: General Service Usage - Three Phase Sector: Commercial Description: General Service Customers for all electric uses in one establishment adjacent to an electric distribution circuit of adequate capacity. Customers with usage greater than 20,000 kWh for 12 consecutive billing months shall be placed on the Large General Service rate for a minimum of one year. Source or reference: https://www.alliantenergy.com/wcm/groups/wcm_internet/@int/@tariff/documents/document/015422.pdf

452

Data:2c613427-3c19-4df0-bd19-36a861e2fbba | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

3427-3c19-4df0-bd19-36a861e2fbba 3427-3c19-4df0-bd19-36a861e2fbba No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Fulton County Rural E M C Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: DISTRIBUTED GENERATION RIDER-Residential and Farm Service(WH) Sector: Residential Description: Available to any member of the Corporation located on its lines, subject to the established Rules and Regulations of the Corporation. Member must also be currently being billed under the Residential and Farm Service Rate R or the Residential and Farm Service Rate R (WH) and who have a qualified distributed generation system ("DG System") of not more than 10 kW and who desire to interconnect such DG System with the Corporation's distribution system.

453

Data:6593e3c7-fcf3-4b45-abf2-cf1b6ea0ca70 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

e3c7-fcf3-4b45-abf2-cf1b6ea0ca70 e3c7-fcf3-4b45-abf2-cf1b6ea0ca70 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of New Bern, North Carolina (Utility Company) Effective date: 2009/02/01 End date if known: Rate name: Small Wholesale Customer- Three Phase Sector: Commercial Description: This Schedule is available for electric service used by a nonresidential Customer at a single point of delivery at one of the City's standard voltages with a contract demand or a registered or computed demand of 1 kW and greater but less than 750 kW. Source or reference: http://www.ci.new-bern.nc.us/Elec/documents/smallwholesaleschedule09.pdf

454

Data:E908a735-13ff-4c76-99f1-f77ff3c9ad00 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

a735-13ff-4c76-99f1-f77ff3c9ad00 a735-13ff-4c76-99f1-f77ff3c9ad00 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Red River Valley Rrl Elec Assn Effective date: 2009/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: Large Power 1 Sector: Industrial Description: Available to all commercial, industrial, oil pumping, and institutional customers with load requirements of less than 100 kVA. Source or reference: http://www.rrvrea.com/electric_service/RRV%20%20Rate%20and%20Tariff%20Sheets%201-27-09%20_As%20Filed%20with%20OCC_.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months):

455

Data:40728d20-e3c1-4038-81d1-a876e133ab8a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

-e3c1-4038-81d1-a876e133ab8a -e3c1-4038-81d1-a876e133ab8a No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: GreyStone Power Corporation Effective date: 2008/11/01 End date if known: Rate name: Flood Lighting HPSV 1000 W Sector: Lighting Description: Additional Charges: Poles and Conductor (a) Overhead Service Length, Facility Rate, Contribution 30 ft. Wood Pole $ 2.25 $ 210 35 ft. Wood Pole $ 2.50 $ 235 40 ft. Wood Pole $ 2.95 $ 275 45 ft. Wood Pole $ 3.30 $ 310 (b) Underground Service Length, Facility Rate, Contribution 30 ft. Wood Pole $ 2.25 $ 210 30& ft. Wood Pole $ 6.25 $ 395 35 ft. Wood Pole $ 7.10 $ 415

456

Data:7f6b34a6-2876-4b70-9bde-9f03ff3c508b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b34a6-2876-4b70-9bde-9f03ff3c508b b34a6-2876-4b70-9bde-9f03ff3c508b No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Entergy Arkansas Inc (Arkansas) Effective date: 2010/06/30 End date if known: Rate name: R2 Nightwatchers - HPS unshielded - 150W Colonia Sector: Lighting Description: To un-metered automatically controlled outdoor lightning service burning all night. Source or reference: http://www.entergy-arkansas.com/content/price/tariffs/eai_l4.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months):

457

Data:B57ff727-3c99-489b-9074-4d39af5b8f03 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

7ff727-3c99-489b-9074-4d39af5b8f03 7ff727-3c99-489b-9074-4d39af5b8f03 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: French Broad Elec Member Corp Effective date: 2009/04/01 End date if known: Rate name: Large Power Customer Sector: Industrial Description: Tiered Demand Charges Tiered Energy Charge w/ different rates >400 hours @ $0.0.394 and >475 hours @ $0.0394 Basic Facilities Charge $30.00 per month NC Renewable Energy Recovery Fee $4.50 per month NC Energy Efficiency Rider $3.96 per month Total $38.46 per month Source or reference: http://www.frenchbroademc.com/rateschedule.cfm

458

Data:75332b4b-e4b5-428e-89c9-5f3c443013c5 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

32b4b-e4b5-428e-89c9-5f3c443013c5 32b4b-e4b5-428e-89c9-5f3c443013c5 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Lower Yellowstone R E A, Inc Effective date: 1993/04/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule DC-1 Sector: Commercial Description: Available for all uses, subject to the established rules and regulations of the cooperative, to farm and residential customers. Source or reference: Illinois State University Archive Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V):

459

Data:6db2148d-bfe0-4db7-bc95-e02e3c5a7848 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

db2148d-bfe0-4db7-bc95-e02e3c5a7848 db2148d-bfe0-4db7-bc95-e02e3c5a7848 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Lincoln Electric System Effective date: 2011/05/23 End date if known: Rate name: General Service-Demand Primary Sector: Industrial Description: APPLICABLE: A Customer will receive service on this schedule if the Large Light and Power schedule is not applicable and if any of the following conditions are met: Energy usage is greater than 25,000 kWh per BILLING PERIOD for each of six consecutive BILLING PERIODS. The Customer's demand is greater than 100 kW in two summer BILLING PERIODS including the current BILLING PERIOD and all BILLING PERIODS in the preceding 11 months.