Sample records for lesotho madagascar malawi

  1. afrique du sud: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Guine, Guine quatoriale, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Maroc 24 Impact des traitements antirtroviraux sur le risque de transmission sexuelle du...

  2. CI-OFF Ex A (Rev. 0.2, 4/9/13) Exhibit A General Conditions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    East Timor, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Kiribati, Laos, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania,...

  3. Real exchange rate and international reserves in an era of growing financial and trade integration*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua; Riera-Crichton, Daniel

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Korea Lesotho Malawi Malaysia Malta Mexico Morocco NicaraguaLesotho Malawi Malaysia Malta Mexico Terms of Trade Terms ofLesotho Malawi Malaysia Malta Mexico Morocco Netherlands New

  4. de Madagascar Dossier de presse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lémuriens de Madagascar Dossier de presse #12;Lémuriens de Madagascar -- 2 -- Les Publications. Mittermeier, Edward E. Louis Jr., Olivier Langrand, Christoph Schwitzer, Claude-Anne Gauthier, Anthony B

  5. BY CLASSES, SEPTEMBER 2011 Graduate Students 56. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aalberts, Daniel P.

    Uganda 4 United Arab Emirates 3 United Kingdom 7 Uzbekistan 2 Venezuela 1 Viet Nam 6 Yemen 1 Zimbabwe 6 Switzerland 2 Syrian Arab Republic 1 Taiwan 3 Tajikistan 1 United Republic of Tanzania 2 Thailand 4 Turkey 3's Democratic Republic 2 Lesotho 1 Liberia 1 Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 1 Madagascar 1 Malawi 1 Malaysia 1 Mauritius

  6. Study in South Africa and Lesotho A Curriculum Development Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viola, Ronald

    Teachers Study in South Africa and Lesotho A Curriculum Development Project Integrating Visual Arts about the cultures and history of the Basotho people of southern Africa Participate in seminars-Hays award, graduate credit and/or CEUs Visit non-malarial and low risk areas in southern Africa and enjoy

  7. Lesotho Highlands Water Commission, Private Bag A156, Maseru, 100, Lesotho lkmoleko@lhwc.org.ls, molekolebohang@gmail.com, +(266) 22-31-51-97(W)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glyde, Henry R.

    -national (Lesotho-South Africa) supervisory body, which oversees the construction, maintenance and operation LEADERSHIP DATABASE, awaiting possible United Nations deployment, when I am available for a suitable position. It consisted of Human Rights, the Quick Impact Projects (QIPs), Mine Action, Conduct and Discipline, HIV

  8. Assessing Rural Transformations: Piloting a Qualitative Impact Protocol in Malawi and Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    Assessing Rural Transformations: Piloting a Qualitative Impact Protocol in Malawi and Ethiopia a Qualitative Impact Protocol in Malawi and Ethiopia James Copestake and Fiona Remnant Abstract This paper impact evaluation of NGO sponsored rural development projects in Malawi and Ethiopia. Two of the projects

  9. Creating An Agent-Based Model To Establish Food Security In Malawi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, Deirdre

    2013-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Malawis agricultural sector is unable to establish food security for the majority of the population. Food security in Malawi is defined by access to maize, the staple food for over 96% of the population. Current rates of domestic maize production...

  10. When Madagascar produced natural rubber: a brief, forgotten yet informative history.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 When Madagascar produced natural rubber: a brief, forgotten yet informative history. P. Danthu (1, Madagascar, like other western African countries, was a production zone for forest rubber destined for export Madagascar occupies a modest position on the world rubber market at that time, the exploitation of rubber

  11. Plasticity of opsin gene expression in cichlids from Lake Malawi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carleton, Karen L.

    Plasticity of opsin gene expression in cichlids from Lake Malawi CHRISTOPHER M. HOFMANN, KELLY E. O plasticity has important evolutionary implications. In this study, we examined retinal plasticity in five found that the magnitude of plasticity varied across species. These findings have important implications

  12. Imperfect Isolation: Factors and Filters Shaping Madagascar's Extant Vertebrate Fauna

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vences, Miguel

    Imperfect Isolation: Factors and Filters Shaping Madagascar's Extant Vertebrate Fauna Karen E. Samonds1 *, Laurie R. Godfrey2 , Jason R. Ali3 , Steven M. Goodman4,5 , Miguel Vences6 , Michael R itself provides evidence of the island's paleogeographic history. Citation: Samonds KE, Godfrey LR, Ali

  13. Ecological Modelling 185 (2005) 105131 Tropical deforestation in Madagascar: analysis using hierarchical,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silander Jr., John A.

    Ecological Modelling 185 (2005) 105­131 Tropical deforestation in Madagascar: analysis using­effect relationships for deforestation at various scales has proven difficult even when rates of deforestation appear approach to develop a novel deforestation model for the eastern wet forested zone of Madagascar, a global

  14. Employment Patterns among Women: A Comparative Study of Rural Malawi and Rural Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassan, Amira; Hyder, Asma

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Shahnaz, L. (2002). How do women decide to work in Pakistan?The Pakistan Development Review,41(4), Part II:495-513.is 8 and 14 in rural Pakistan and rural Malawi respectively

  15. Breaking up the hanging wall of a riftborder fault: The 2009 Karonga earthquakes, Malawi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    earthquakes, Malawi J. Biggs,1 E. Nissen,2 T. Craig,2 J. Jackson,2 and D. P. Robinson1 Received 11 March 2010, reflecting temporal and spatial migration of activity or the release of stresses within it. Citation: Biggs

  16. Allelic Variation in Malawi Cichlid Opsins: A Tale of Two Genera Adam R. Smith Karen L. Carleton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carleton, Karen L.

    Allelic Variation in Malawi Cichlid Opsins: A Tale of Two Genera Adam R. Smith · Karen L. Carleton+Business Media, LLC 2010 Abstract The role of sequence variation in the spectral tuning of color vision is well speciation (Kornfield and Smith 2000; Danley and Kocher 2001; Gen- ner and Turner 2005). Lakes Malawi

  17. Slide08 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Current Information Partners in WorldWideScience.org (cont.) Kenya Korea Lesotho Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Malawi Mauritius The Netherlands New Zealand Nigeria Portugal Senegal South...

  18. Increasing Opportunities for Adolescent Girls: An Evaluation of AGALI's Malawi and Liberia Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Increasing Opportunities for Adolescent Girls: An Evaluation of AGALI's Malawi and Liberia Programs May 1, 2012 Prepared for the AGALI Program of the Public Health@berkeley.edu The author conducted this study as part of the program of professional education

  19. Rice inventory credit in Madagascar : diversity of rural household strategies around an hybrid financial and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Rice inventory credit in Madagascar : diversity of rural household strategies around an hybrid been offering an innovative individual rice inventory credit to its members since 1993. Starting from the acknowledgement that the inventory credit is a hybrid product, which involves a mix of in kind and in cash flows

  20. Transfert de gestion et conservation de la biodiversit de Makira, Nord-Est de Madagascar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Transfert de gestion et conservation de la biodiversit de Makira, Nord-Est de Madagascar gestion rationnelle mise en place ces dernires annes Makira montre un certain niveau de contribution communauts, systme de suivi 1 Introduction Le transfert de gestion, reconnu comme outil dans le programme

  1. Isotope characterization of shallow aquifers in the Horombe region, South of Madagascar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fareze, L P; Ramaroson, V; Andriambololona, Raoelina; Andriamiarintsoa, G; Razafitsalama, P R; Rahobisoa, J J; Randrianarison, H; Ranaivoarisoa, A; Marah, H

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present study deals with the problem of evaluation of the recharge mechanism and the characterization of the groundwater flow system in the basement shallow aquifer, which is one of the groundwater resource in the semi-arid South region of Madagascar. Stable isotopes (deuterium and oxygen-18) and tritium are used to achieve with accuracy the hydrogeological and geochemical dynamics study. Chemical analysis is used to provide complementary information to the investigation. A space distribution of tritium concentration and isotopic composition in groundwater shows evidence of two opposite categories of aquifers, which is confirmed by the chemical analysis results and by the geological features of the study site. Some groundwater flow path directions have been identified in the study area thanks to the tritium concentration space distribution and the geological formation. Besides, the groundwater recharge of the shallow aquifers in the South of Madagascar has been characterized by the exponential mixing mode...

  2. Empowering Women: The Role of Economic Development, Political Culture and Institutional Design in the Worlds Societies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander, Amy C.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Furthermore, Nigeria, Mongolia and India consistently scoreMadagascar Malawi, Mali, Mongolia Mozambique, Namibia,South Korea, Mauritius, Mongolia, Nigeria, Paraguay, Sri

  3. Web gigantism in Darwin's bark spider, a new species from Madagascar (Araneidae: Caerostris) Matjaz Kuntner1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agnarsson, Ingi

    Web gigantism in Darwin's bark spider, a new species from Madagascar (Araneidae: Caerostris) Matjaz, is grossly underestimated. Most species build large webs at forest edges, clearings, and gardens niche: casting its web across streams, rivers and lakes, so that the orb is suspended above water

  4. SIMULATION OF A TYPICAL HOUSE IN THE REGION OF ANTANANARIVO, MADAGASCAR DETERMINATION OF PASSIVE SOLUTIONS USING LOCAL MATERIALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    SIMULATION OF A TYPICAL HOUSE IN THE REGION OF ANTANANARIVO, MADAGASCAR DETERMINATION OF PASSIVE union ABSTRACT This paper deals with new proposals for the design of passive solutions adapted use raw wood to warm the poorly designed houses. This leads to a large scale deforestation

  5. "Diffusion of Innovation: Solar Oven Use in Lesotho (Africa)." Grundy, William and Roy Grundy. Advances in Solar Cooking: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Solar Cooker Use and Technology. Shyam S. Nandwani, ed. July 12-15, 1994.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noble, William Stafford

    "Diffusion of Innovation: Solar Oven Use in Lesotho (Africa)." Grundy, William and Roy Grundy. Advances in Solar Cooking: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Solar Cooker Use and Technology. Shyam S. Nandwani, ed. July 12-15, 1994. pp. 240-247. 1 DIFFUSION OF INNOVATION: SOLAR OVEN USE

  6. in Bertrand A et Montagne P. dir., 2005, L'Etat et la gestion locale durable des forts en Afrique francophone et Madagascar, CIRAD/L'Harmattan, pp. 143-162.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    francophone et à Madagascar, CIRAD/L'Harmattan, pp. 143-162. 143 Conditions pour une gestion décentralisée des, L'Etat et la gestion locale durable des forêts en Afrique francophone et à Madagascar, CIRAD/L'Harmattan

  7. Adding Fuel to the Fire; the Effect of Political Unrest on Forest Burning in Sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duff, Alice

    2012-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The connection between forest fires and political unrest has been noted throughout the literature (see Thomas, 2012,) and in a number of countries including; Malawi, Madagascar, Kenya and Ethiopia (Kull, 2002, Hoffmann et ...

  8. CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duke, J.A.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The contents of this book are: Introduction; Kenya; Korea (Republic of); Lesotho; Liberia; Malagasy; Malawi; Mali; Mauritania; Mexico, Mozambique, Nepal; Nicaragua; Niger; Nigeria; Pakistan; Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Rwanda; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Somalia; Sri Lanka; Sudana; Surinam; Swaziland; Tanzania; Thailand; Togo; Uganda; Uruguay; Venezuela; Zaire; Zambia; Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields; Appendix II, Phytomass Files; and References.

  9. Air pollution studies in terms of PM2.5, PM2.5-10, PM10, lead and black carbon in urban areas of Antananarivo - Madagascar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rasoazanany, E O; Ravoson, H N; Andriambololona, Raoelina; Randriamanivo, L V; Ramaherison, H; Ahmed, H; Harinoely, M

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Atmospheric aerosols or particulate matters are chemically complex and dynamic mixtures of solid and liquid particles. Sources of particulate matters include both natural and anthropogenic processes. The present work consists in determining the concentrations of existing elements in the aerosols collected in Andravoahangy and in Ambodin'Isotry in Antananarivo city (Madagascar). The size distribution of these elements and their main sources are also studied. The Total Reflection X-Ray Fluorescence spectrometer is used for the qualitative and quantitative analyses. The results show that the concentrations of the airborne particulate matters PM2.5-10 are higher than those of PM2.5. The identified elements in the aerosol samples are Ti, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, Br, Sr and Pb. The average concentrations of these elements are also higher in the coarse particles than in the fine particles. The calculation of the enrichment factors by Mason's model shows that Cr, Ni, Cu, Zn, Br and Pb are of anthropogenic origins. The...

  10. Lesotho: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano,Lakefront Tow TankOpen4906177°, -84.1857115°Leonics

  11. Revised 9/23/2009 Geography Competency Exam Study Sheet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    countries/continents in the world in: o Agricultural production and forestry o Oil, Gas, and mineral reserves o Fresh water use o Number of Refugees and Asylum-Seekers Capital cities Using pp. 30 Madagascar Malawi Mexico Morocco Myanmar Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nigeria North & South Korea Norway P

  12. Annual report 2005 Baobabs, Madagascar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in Gabon. Two campaigns, Amadeus and Esmeraldas, explored major earthquake zone off the coasts of Peru

  13. Malawi-IAEA Cooperation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLu an Group Jump to:Macquarie EnergyMahindraReforms inMalana

  14. Malawi: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLu an Group Jump to:Macquarie EnergyMahindraReforms

  15. Madagascar Hissing Cockroaches: Information and Care

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balasundaram, Balabhaskar "Baski"

    , this insect is pri- marily a food source for larger animals such as lemurs, birds, and lizards. Worldwide mature. Similar to other cockroaches, the MHC is nega- tively phototactic (moves away from light) and hierarchy. Males will establish and defend a territory on a rock or other similar struc- ture for several

  16. Informe sobre actividades 2005 Baobabs, Madagascar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    murciélagos de Gabón. Dos campañas de exploración de los grandes sismos sudamericanos Amadeus y Esmeraldas

  17. Madagascar: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:LandownersLuther, Oklahoma:EnergyECO AugerMaanGeorgia:Macy's Jump

  18. Drought resilience of maize-legume agroforestry systems in Malawi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kerr, Amber Catherine

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    important is acute heat stress versus changes in phenology?no impact from acute heat stress. On the other hand, outputimportant is acute heat stress versus changes in phenology?

  19. Malawi-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the Philippines, Serbia, and Vietnam. Fact Sheet...

  20. Drought resilience of maize-legume agroforestry systems in Malawi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kerr, Amber Catherine

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of climate change on African agriculture." EnvironmentalWill African agriculture survive climate change?" The Worldimpacts of climate change on subsistence agriculture in sub-

  1. Malawi-USAID Climate Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:LandownersLuther,Jemez Pueblo Area (DOEMak-Ban /Management | OpenEnergyEnergy,

  2. arab jamahiriya madagascar: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Algeria. Open Access Theses and Dissertations Summary: ??This study analyses renewable energy policy in hydrocarbons-wealthy Arab states. Integrating elements of energy policy...

  3. Madagascar-USAID Climate Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRose Bend < MHKconverter <WAG BuoyYOGMadagascar-USAID Climate

  4. Lesotho-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou NewKoreaLaorLeopold Kostal GmbH Co KGEnergy

  5. Essays on International Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cravino, Javier Pablo

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Italy Japan Kenya Korea Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania MalawiItaly Japan Kenya Korea Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania Malawi

  6. Constitutional Environment and Entrepreneurship: An Empirical Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Wei

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    outcomes. Jamaica Korea (S) Kyrgyzstan Lithuania MadagascarIsrael Jamaica Korea (S) Kyrgyzstan Lithuania MadagascarIsrael Jamaica Korea (S) Kyrgyzstan Lithuania Madagascar

  7. Some modifications to the design of a parabolic solar concentrator for construction in Lesotho and their effects on power production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferreira, Toni (Toni Jolene)

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An experimental study was performed to test the effectiveness of design modifications terms of efficiency and power production in an existing parabolic solar concentrator. The proposed modifications included limiting the ...

  8. Species differences in courtship acoustic signals among five Lake Malawi cichlid species (Pseudotropheus spp.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ~ao em Eco-Etologia, ISPA, Rua Jardim do Tabaco 34, 1149-041 Lisboa, Portugal, Departamento de Biologia of the sounds produced in the early stage of court- ship by males of three closely related species from Lake

  9. Differences in sounds made by courting males of three closely related Lake Malawi cichlid species

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . C. P. AMORIM*, M. E. KNIGHT, Y. STRATOUDAKIS§ AND G. F. TURNER{ *Unidade de Investigac¸a~o em Eco species, court- ship calls of three species of Pseudotropheus that co-occur at Nkhata Bay, on the western

  10. Malawi-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS)

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRose Bend < MHKconvertersource History View NewWind FarmMakaiMakushin|

  11. Malawi-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:LandownersLuther,Jemez Pueblo Area (DOEMak-Ban /Management | OpenEnergy

  12. New mapping of kilometric anisotropies over the granulitic continental crust of Madagascar: melt -fluid migration and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of them are rooted in the mantle. Aerial gamma-ray spectrometry shows variation of energy level associated "PGRM" carried out by the Madagascan Ministry for Energy and Mines with assistance of the International the shear zones with high lateral gradient (

  13. Exploiting alkaloid biosynthesis in Madagascar periwinkle to obtain natural product derivatives and new biocatalysts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernhardt, Peter, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Plant alkaloid biosynthesis produces many natural products with medicinal value. For example, vinblastine and vincristine from Catharanthus roseus monoterpene indole alkaloid biosynthesis, and camptothecin derivatives from ...

  14. The Importance of Wildlife Harvest to Human Health and Livelihoods in Northeastern Madagascar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golden, Christopher DeWeir

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    strict monetary valuations of ecosystem services may vastlyand epidemiology. Ecosystem service valuations are useful tomonetary valuation schemes. Ecosystem services provision

  15. Distribution patterns of living and subfossil podocopid ostracodes in the Nosy B area, northern Madagascar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maddocks, R. F.

    1966-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    - ous; BATTISTINI (1960) has analyzed a few of the littoral sediments, but in general the sublittoral sediments have not been described or mapped. Calcium carbonate sands, usually associated with coral masses but also with grassy expanses, are the most... extensive single sediment type in shallow water ( <10 m.); these are bioclastic sands com- posed of usually recognizable skeletal fragments of algal, coral, and other invertebrate remains in varying proportions. Sediment in mangrove areas near the mouths...

  16. Human dimension of conservation planning: the case of Madagascar at national and regional scales

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramaharitra Tondrasoa, Tendro

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    survey Forest inventory Development of contract Development of details Development of management plan

  17. Sequential fatty acid analysis of a peat core covering the last two millennia (Tritrivakely lake, Madagascar)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Sequential fatty acid analysis of a peat core covering the last two millennia (Tritrivakely lake, Universit d'Orlans, BP 6759, 45067 Orlans Cedex 2, France Abstract Seven samples from a 1 m long peat core targets because of their dominant or even exclusive OM content, peat deposits have received relatively

  18. Human dimension of conservation planning: the case of Madagascar at national and regional scales

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramaharitra Tondrasoa, Tendro

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and climate change impacts on agriculture: an integratedThe effects of climate change on agriculture have been theirrigated agriculture under climate change need not greatly

  19. atendidos por este: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Madagascar Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites Summary: Transfert de gestion et conservation de la biodiversit de Makira, Nord-Est de Madagascar Avec sa...

  20. WHO Technical Manual on Tobacco Tax Administration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Nepal, New Zealand, Papua Newonly Gambia Ghana Kenya Kyrgyzstan Malawi Nepal Papua New

  1. Economic and Social Significance of Forests For Africa's Sustainable Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , France Mafa Chipeta Food Security adviser Limbe, Malawi Advisers: Fernando Salinas, Atse Yapi, Ren

  2. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1980 (NDP-055)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.

    2002-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980. The biomass data and carbon estimates are associated with woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with estimating historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth's land surface and is comprised of countries that are located in tropical Africa (Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Benin, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Guinea-Bissau, Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Burkina Faso (Upper Volta), Zaire, and Zambia). The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{trademark} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

  3. Donors versus dictators : the impact of multilateral aid conditionality on democratization : Kenya and Malawi in comparative context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clinkenbeard, Steven E., 1958-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Donors versus Dictators examines the "exporting democracy debate" and the related issue of "nation-building" as manifested in the foreign aid relationship in the post-Cold War era. This dissertation centers on two in-depth ...

  4. Off-grid energy services for the poor: Introducing LED lighting in the Millennium Villages Project in Malawi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modi, Vijay

    ) powered by batteries, which are in turn charged by grid electricity or small solar panels, have emerged 2009 Keywords: Solar Lighting Development a b s t r a c t Lanterns that use light-emitting diodes (LEDs as a cost-competitive alternative to kerosene and other fuel-based lighting technologies, offering brighter

  5. A method for quantifying biodiversity loss and its application to a 50-year record of deforestation across Madagascar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermont, University of

    CSIRO Entomology GPO Box 1700, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia (current address) 5 Department (current address) 3 Department of Environment and Climate Change, PO Box 402 Armidale NSW 2350, Australia 4

  6. Discovery, characterization, and rational design of the enzymes involved in monoterpene indole alkaloid biosynthesis in Madagascar periwinkle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giddings, Lesley-Ann

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The chemical diversity found in plants has served as a major source of inspiration to many synthetic and biological chemists. Nature has evolved enzyme active sites to catalyze the synthesis of structurally complex compounds ...

  7. 17/03/2010 16:03IRIN Global | GLOBAL: Is humanitarianism genetic? | Asia East Africa ...Zambia Zimbabwe | In Brief Health & Nutrition Aid Policy | News Item Page 1 of 2http://www.irinnews.org/Report.aspx?ReportId=88437

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gardner, Andy

    : Is humanitarianism genetic? MADAGASCAR: A year of crisis AFGHANISTAN: Marjah residents take stock after offensive

  8. --No Title--

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, North Korea, South Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia Lebanon Lesotho...

  9. Berea College Geographical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baltisberger, Jay H.

    Ghana 2 South Korea 2 Kenya 4 Sri Lanka 1 Bolivia 2 Liberia 1 Taiwan 1 Brazil 1 Malawi 2 Tibet Malawi 0 2 2 Bolivia 0 2 2 Moldova 0 1 1 Botswana 0 1 1 Mon

  10. Atelier thmatique Agronomie et Ecosystme Programmes Corus, Aires-Sud et Aire Dveloppement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    alimentation animale/production de fumier et le mulch en systèmes SCV ii) il n'existe pas de plante de le Vakinankaratra, Madagascar Penot Eric(1) et Gaelle Duba (2) (1) CIRAD UMR Innovation, Madagascar

  11. LOGICA VAN INTERACTIE, OF: DE SPEELSE GEEST VAN DE MENS Het nationale bordspel van Madagascar is "Fanorona". Spelers benaderen om de beurt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Benthem, Johan

    razendsnel over de hele wereld. Het was de Nederlandse historicus Johan Huizinga die in 1938 de aandacht

  12. Sequential fatty acid analysis of a peat core covering the last two millennia (Tritrivakely lake, Madagascar): diagenesis appraisal and consequences for palaeoenvironmental

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    1 Sequential fatty acid analysis of a peat core covering the last two millennia (Tritrivakely lake and petrographical work [2], we applied such an approach to the analysis of a peat core section to get additional (saturated and unsaturated n-FAs, plus i-C16) at the surface of the peat sequence and low amounts

  13. SHARE: print Rosewood is being transferred from the Manantenina River to ground

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Jason

    and current ranges for eight of Madagascar's rosewood species. They found that due to deforestation of Madagascar's species live in these forests." To date much of Madagascar has been deforested, leading to big Amazon deforestation Deforestation Deforestation stats Why rainforests matter Saving rainforests

  14. Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Country Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Republic of Macedonia, Malawi, Mexico, Moldova, Philippines, South Africa, Serbia,...

  15. Present at the Creation: Founding Party Dominance in South Africa and Beyond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenberg, Mark Yaron

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Malawi, in Giliomee & Simkins (eds) The Awkward Embrace:of Political Science Giliomee, H. and Simkins, C. 1999. Introduction, in Giliomee & Simkins (eds) The Awkward

  16. Empowering Women: The Role of Economic Development, Political Culture and Institutional Design in the Worlds Societies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander, Amy C.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Macedonia, Malawi, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Moldova, Monaco,Korea, Latvia, Lithuania Malta, Mauritius Mexico, MoldovaLithuania, Macedonia, Malta, Mexico, Moldova, Namibia,

  17. A homolog of tocopherol C-methyltransferases catalyzes N-methylation in anticancer alkaloid biosynthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liscombe, David K.

    Madagascar periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus) is the sole source of the anticancer drugs vinblastine and vincristine, bisindole alkaloids derived from the dimerization of the terpenoid indole alkaloids vindoline and ...

  18. Patterns of plant invasions in China: Taxonomic, biogeographic, climatic approaches and anthropogenic effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    RS LF HA U W Prov. RE Canary Islands Africa and MadagascarAmerica South Europe, Canary Islands Tropical Asia America

  19. Biological controls investigated to aid management of olive fruit fly in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Madagascar), the Canary Islands, Morocco, Pakistan, Indiain Morocco and the Canary Islands, parasitism rates wereand Gilstrap 1983) Canary Islands and, given the diversity

  20. WHO REPORT ON THE GLOBAL TOBACCO EPIDEMIC, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO World Health Organization

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Madagascar, Malta, Montenegro*, Poland, Portugal, Serbia*,Cuba, Cyprus, Denmark, Montenegro and Serbia) increased taxLuxembourg . . . I Malta Montenegro Netherlands No warnings

  1. WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2011: Warning about the dangers of tobacco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Kuwait, Madagascar, Montenegro, Myanmar, Niger, Norway,Luxembourg Malta Monaco Montenegro Netherlands Norway PolandLuxembourg Malta Monaco 7 Montenegro Netherlands Norway

  2. l'irden2012 danslemonde

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DU SUD MADAGASCAR INDON?SIE VI?T-NAM POLYN?SIE FRAN?AISE P?ROU BOLIVIE BR?SIL MARTINIQUE MAROC MALI

  3. E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria bangladesh cuba Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Guyana Philippines Bahrain Haiti Qatar Bangladesh India Russia Belarus... Republic of Libya Togo Congo, Republic of Macedonia Tunisia Cuba Madagascar Turkey Cyprus, northern part...

  4. WHO REPORT ON THE GLOBAL TOBACCO EPIDEMIC, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO World Health Organization

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of), Ireland, Lebanon*, Libya, Malta, Marshall Islands,Lithuania, Madagascar, Malta, Montenegro*, Poland, Portugal,LVL Lithuania LTL Luxembourg EUR Malta EUR Netherlands EUR

  5. Incubating Innovation for Rural Electrification. Executive Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In June, the team held a workshop on ''Low Carbon Sustainable Rural Electrification'' in Salima, Malawi. Co-organized with the Government of Malawi's Department of Energy, this event gathered participants from the energy, telecom, non-profit, banking sectors as well as from governmental and international agencies to discuss the potential development of private led off-grid electrification in Malawi where only 9% of the population has currently access to electricity. A very active participation provided us with insightful feedback and valuable recommendations.

  6. african cichlid diversity: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in Lake Victoria. This rapid speciation makes cichlids good models for elucidating of fish from Lake Malawi, where the water is spectacularly clear, and 11 types of fish from...

  7. Prediction of cow fertility based on productivity traits in dairy cattle under different production systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banda, Liveness Jessica

    2014-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A study to examine factors that influence dairy cattle fertility was conducted in the United Kingdom (UK) and Malawi. Productivity data from the UK comprising 56,014 records from 574 Holstein cows were retrieved from ...

  8. 3D visualisation techniques for communicating forest change information in Google Earth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rushforth, Alex

    2008-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Techniques for visualising forest change information using the Google Earth online virtual globe were developed as a method of communicating remote sensing analysis to policy-makers and other non-technical audiences. For study areas in Malawi, GIS...

  9. Mobile health for cancer in low to middle income countries: priorities for research and development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holeman, Isaac; Evans, Jay; Kane, Dianna; Grant, Liz; Pagliari, Claudia; Weller, David

    2014-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

    health insurance programmes in Mexico and Colombia have demonstrated that coordinated financing and procurement can reduce prices and expand access. Successful programmes in Malawi, Rwanda and Haiti have shown that effective diagnosis and treatment can...

  10. Ending Africa's Poverty Trap Africa's development crisis is unique. Not only is Africa the poorest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, and Swaziland), and a num- ber of very small economies (Cape assistance on issues regarding energy and transport infrastructure. #12;than tropical Africa. They growEnding Africa's Poverty Trap Africa's development crisis is unique. Not only is Africa the poorest

  11. SYDNEY UNIVERSITY WORLD SYDNEY UNIVERSITY WORLD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Du, Jie

    three Ausaid scholarship recipients from the African nations of Zambia, Lesotho and South Africa. I hope and energy, innovation and hard work are helping to solve some of our most pressing global problems Commissioner for Mauritius and Dean of the Africa Group in Australia, her Excellency Mrs Marie France Roussety

  12. 2nd Edition Nov. 2011 CampusFrance South Africa Newsletter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    2nd Edition Nov. 2011 CampusFrance South Africa Newsletter Table of contents : o Current Bursary offered by the French Embassy aim to respond to South Africa and Lesotho's need to train and equip French per country) for Honours and Masters students from South Korea, Mexico, India, USA, South Africa

  13. AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina Angola Armenia Bolivia Benin Azerbaijan Senegal Syria Seychelles Taiwan (Republic of China) Sierra Leone Tajikistan Somalia Thailand South Africa Kazakhstan Guinea Korea (North) Guinea-Bissau Korea (South) Kenya Kuwait Lesotho Kyrgyzstan Liberia Lao PDR

  14. ROYAL SOCIETY OF SOUTH AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Villiers, Marienne

    ROYAL SOCIETY OF SOUTH AFRICA http://www.royalsocietysa.org.za ACADEMY OF SCIENCE OF SOUTH AFRICA and distribution of butterflies in the atlas region (South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland), thereby providing-ordinator of Africa's first butterfly atlas, entitled `The metamorphosis of the butterfly atlas' The Southern African

  15. Les Underhill and Dieter Oschadleus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Villiers, Marienne

    , academics and researchers. Yet with modern technology, for example, the digital camera, it is possible in the agricultural sector. Some weavers pose a threat to energy security as their nests on transmission lines cause database of butterfly distribution records in south- ern Africa, including Swaziland and Lesotho, one

  16. WORK PROGRAMME 2010 COOPERATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milano-Bicocca, Università

    Argentina2 UM Guinea-Bissau L Niue UM Bolivia LM Kenya L Palau UM Brazil2 ** LM Lesotho LM Papua New L Chile of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP). 4 Until the country becomes Associated to FP7 5 As defined by UNSC

  17. Reprogramming alkaloid biosynthesis in Catharanthus roseus : synthetic biology in plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Runguphan, Weerawat

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The medicinal plant Madagascar periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus) produces over 130 monoterpene indole alkaloid (MIA) natural products. Many of these compounds have pharmaceutical value, such as the anticancer agents vinblastine ...

  18. 1108 JID 2005:192 (15 September) Mutapi et al. M A J O R A R T I C L E

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mutapi, Francisca

    health importance [1] in tropical and subtropical countries in Africa, the Middle East, and South America parasite and is found in 53 countries in the Middle East and Africa, including the islands of Madagascar

  19. Reports on Deep Earth Sampling and Monitoring NUMBER1,2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    Reports 30 Building a Natural Earthquake Laboratory at Focal Depth (DAFSAM-NELSAM Project, South Africa because of the region's role in controlling the Earth's energy budget and in regulating the water vapor by the recent successful drilling of Lakes Bosumtwi and Malawi in Africa (Koeberl et al., 2005; Scholz et al

  20. ISDA 2010, Montpellier, June 28-30, 2010 ANALYSIS OF EFFECTIVE MARKET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    INVESTMENTS IN NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IN THE RICE-BASED FARMING SYSTEM IN MALAWI: A CASE OF NKHATE linkages have promoted investments in natural resource management in the smallholder rice-based farming income and investment in natural resource management is linked to the wealth status of the farmers

  1. News | At Guelph http://www.uoguelph.ca/atguelph/08-10-08/newsharvesting.shtml 1 of 2 10/17/08 7:06 PM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raizada, Manish N.

    grains, food and feed. Raizada will pay for $1,000 worth of the company's storage bags to be sent will be awarded to GrainPro Inc., a Massachusetts-based company whose products -- from 10-kilogram grain sacks, they found a university student who is building energy windmills in his native Malawi. They also found one

  2. SUSTAINABILITY AND DEVELOPMENT (An Overview of Nigeria Experience)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coles, Cynthia

    SUSTAINABILITY AND DEVELOPMENT (An Overview of Nigeria Experience) By Asapo, E. S. (PhD) 20th Development. The Nigeria Experience. Conclusion. #12;Development that meets the needs of present generations, Malawi, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania and Uganda projected to increase

  3. BRIEFING NOTES November 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mound, Jon

    and EU, have promoted biofuel advancement which has #12;Briefing Note. November 2010. SustainableBRIEFING NOTES November 2010 Sustainable biofuels in Africa: cultivation of Jatropha curcas in Mali Background Case study 1 - Mali Case study 2 - Malawi Policy recommendations Biofuel cultivation worldwide

  4. Prize for best dissertation in MSc Environmental

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mottram, Nigel

    Prize for best dissertation in MSc Environmental Health 2012 Photo of student After completing BSc. Considering the carcinogenic effects of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), my dissertation involved to follow that would reduce PAH emissions. Kondwani Chidziwisano Malawi Title of dissertation: Variation

  5. ICTs as a tool for Gender socio-economic empowerment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heiser, Gernot

    level e-government applications Projects under identification Advanced China, Nepal, Rwanda, Malawi ... offering a full range of services #12;3 Our Vision "To unleash the power of human capital and give to increase efficiency, and usefulness of services for the various sectors utilizing ICTs in Public

  6. Factoring species, non-species values and threats into biodiversity prioritisation across the ecoregions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermont, University of

    population density, and the extinction risk of species. This threat index is positively correlated with allFactoring species, non-species values and threats into biodiversity prioritisation across Biodiversity Species Non-species biological values Threat A B S T R A C T Biodiversity in Africa, Madagascar

  7. Fiche technique Dtail des panneaux

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - Biodiversité des cultures Panneau 4 - Paysage à Madagascar Panneau 5 - Labour d'un champ au Maroc Panneau 6 9 - Récolte d'un essaim d'abeilles au Maroc Panneau 10 - L'innovation en marche Panneau 11

  8. Evaluating effects of deforestation, hunting, and El Nin~ o events on a threatened lemur

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunham, Amy E.

    Evaluating effects of deforestation, hunting, and El Nin~ o events on a threatened lemur Amy E the eastern rainforest of Madagascar, to evaluate the impact of deforestation, hunting, and El Nin~ o on its that hunting and deforestation are the most significant threats to the population. Analysis of several

  9. 5 6 Institut de recherche pour le dveloppement < Health/Benin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and nutrition; agriculture and aquaculture; impact of climate change and adaptation of societies; energy, Congo, DR Congo, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Madagascar, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania, Chad. 5 8 for proposals now in course of preparation concern agroforestry, energy in the South, protected areas

  10. Congo guerillas threaten to kill rare gorillas Congo guerillas threaten to kill rare gorillas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    /17/2007) Sixteen cities will get financing to make buildings "greener" through environmental renovations, former lands and wildlife, while examining the impact of emerging trends in climate, technology, economics, and finance on conservation and development (more) CONTENTS Rainforests Tropical Fish Madagascar Pictures Kids

  11. COUNTRY INSTITUTION DATE WEB ADDRESS ALGERIA Universit d'Alger Benyoucef Benkhedda 13.12.2005 http://www.univ-alger.dz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guidoni, Leonardo

    ://www.uonbi.ac.ke KENYA Maseno University 09/07/2012 http://maseno.ac.ke/index/ LIBYA University of Garyounis 07.07.2005 http://www.garyounis.edu LIBYA Al-Arab Medical University 20.05.2010 http://www.amu.edu.ly MADAGASCAR

  12. COUNTRY INSTITUTION DATE WEB ADDRESS ALGERIA Universit d'Alger Benyoucef Benkhedda 13.12.2005 http://www.univ-alger.dz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    ://www.jkuat.ac.ke KENYA University of Nairobi 20.06.2002 http://www.uonbi.ac.ke LIBYA University of Garyounis 07.07.2005 http://www.garyounis.edu LIBYA Al-Arab Medical University 20.05.2010 http://www.amu.edu.ly MADAGASCAR

  13. IOL: Africa's big plans for biofuel Africa's big plans for biofuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IOL: Africa's big plans for biofuel Africa's big plans for biofuel By Clare Byrne Visitors to Madagascar, Senegal to South Africa, biofuels is the buzzword as African countries wake up to the possibility of using their vast spaces to grow crops that reduce their fossil fuel bill. Biofuels also carry

  14. Landscape evolution at high elevation passive margins: flexural isostasy, brittle tectonics or both?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glasgow, University of

    syn-rift geothermal gradient, effective crustal elastic thickness, #12;amount of cooling identified and Madagascar) and investigate, using numerical modelling, the coupling between amounts of cooling required by the thermochronometric data, geothermal gradient at the time of rifting, and effective elastic thickness of the crust

  15. Received 24 June 2003 Accepted 31 July 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vences, Miguel

    of Madagascar and Socotra by colubrid snakes: evidence from nuclear and mitochondrial gene phylogenies Zoltan Tamas Nagy1* , Ulrich Joger2 , Michael Wink1 , Frank Glaw3 and Miguel Vences4 1 Institute of Pharmacy could be interpreted as a product of plate-tectonic vicariance. We used sequences of the nuclear c

  16. Please consider the environment before printing World Bank, European governments finance illegal timber

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Please consider the environment before printing World Bank, European governments finance illegal all been implicated in financing illegal logging operations in Madagascar's national parks over the past year. Even as foreign governments condemned the surge in illegal logging last year, many

  17. Inter-establishment agency for research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    energies Earthquake / Haiti. Students / Haiti. SUD EXPERT PLANTES programme / Madagascar. After four years distance learning plan was set up with AUF4 , and research topics matching Haiti's priority needs were a website should function as a monitoring post featuring all the work achieved in Haiti. AIRD was also

  18. ICTP Public Information Office Page 1 12/05/2011 Country Total visitors Female visitors Person-months*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .05 United Arab Emirates 2 1 2.50 United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 154 24 92.15 United.71 Kazakhstan 2 0 0.99 Kenya 31 4 53.88 Kuwait 3 0 0.49 Lebanon 8 2 15.32 Lesotho 2 0 0.46 Libyan Arab Person-months* Sudan 27 10 80.28 Swaziland 1 0 0.46 Sweden 29 6 8.38 Switzerland 77 15 16.70 Syrian Arab

  19. ICTP Public Information Office Page 1 26/03/2014 Country Total visitors Female visitors Person-months*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .19 Ukraine 55 25 33.24 United Arab Emirates 1 0 0.13 United Kingdom 279 47 125.13 United Republic of Tanzania.50 Kenya 36 12 43.07 Kuwait 3 1 0.66 Kyrgyzstan 1 0 0.46 Lebanon 9 3 4.24 Lesotho 1 0 0.46 Libyan Arab.94 Syrian Arab Republic 6 0 9.63 Thailand 14 6 4.77 the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 8 3 15.88 Togo

  20. PROOF COPY 052808JAS Courtship and agonistic sounds by the cichlid fish

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    heater, on a 12:12 h light:dark cycle provided by room lights. A third of the tank's water pH 7, Malawi 1136 N; 3417 E were used in this study. After each trial, the fish were returned to stock tanks. Each tank was fitted with an external power filter and maintained at 2527 C by an in- ternal 250-W

  1. Mieux nourrir le monde:Mieux nourrir le monde: notre dfi l'internationalnotre dfi l'international

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laval, Université

    Appui institutionnel au centre Ivoirien de recherches économiques et sociales (CIRES) (COTE D'IVOIRE COOP?RATION Amérique du Nord (?tats-Unis, Mexique) Amérique du Sud (Brésil, Nicaragua, Argentine, Uruguay, Mexique, Cuba, Haïti) Afrique (Sénégal, Rwanda, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Congo, Niger, Mozambique, Malawi

  2. Conclusions about Niche Expansion in Introduced Impatiens walleriana Populations Depend on Method of Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mandle, Lisa; Warren, Dan L.; Hoffman, Matthias H.; Peterson, A. Townsend; Schmitt, Johanna; von Wettberg, Eric J.

    2010-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

    -range occurrences from Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe, and 100 naturalized occurrence points from Argentina, Australia, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Puerto Rico, United States...) Important bird area factsheet: Chirinda Forest, Zimbabwe: BirdLife International. 45. Espenak F, Anderson J (1999) Total Solar Eclipse of 2001 June 21. GreenbeltMD: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. 46. United States Census Bureau (2002) Census 2000 U...

  3. Supplement 19, Part 2, Parasite-Subject Catalogue: Parasites: Protozoa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Shirley J.; Crawley, Lila R.; Shaw, Judith H.; Hood, Martha W.

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Anaplasma centrale Uilenberg, G., 1968 a congenital transmission, Madagascar cattle A[naplasma] centrale splenectomy, bovine Uilenberg, G., 1969 a Anaplasma centrale Uilenberg, G., 1970 a Oxytetracycline} Chlortetracycline Anaplasma centrale Welter.... capillary agglutination E.; and Chiang, H. S., 1968 a test survey, hybrid cattle, Taiwan dairy cattle, water buffalo Cortez, P. R., I97O a eastern Venezuela Franklin, T. E.; Cook, R. W.; and Anderson, D. J., 1967 a Anaplasmosis, Bovine...

  4. parczoologiquedeparis.fr --1 --une nouvelle espce de zoo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ou tout simplement le zoo. SItUAtION le Parc Zoologique de Paris est un zoo urbain, il est situé au'emblématique Grand Rocher se dresse toujours au-dessus du parc, il domine désormais des paysages reconstituant les la plaine Sahel-Soudan, de l'Europe aux milieux tropicaux de la Guyane ou de Madagascar, les animaux

  5. Turmoil doesn`t dampen enthusiasm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper discusses the outlook for the African gas and oil industries. Though Africa remains politically and economically volatile, its vast energy potential is becoming increasingly attractive to foreign oil and gas companies. Separate evaluations are given for Algeria, Egypt, Nigeria, Angola, Libya, Congo, Gabon, Tunisia, Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, and briefly for South Africa, Sudan, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Zaire, Benin, Mozambique, Chad, Namibia, Tanzania, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Morocco, Sao Tome and Principe, Ethiopia, Niger, Madagascar, Rwanda, Mauritania, Seychelles, Uganda, and Liberia.

  6. World frontiers beckon oil finders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses the international aspects of the petroleum industry. Most who work in the industry agree that the possibilities for huge are found largely in international regions. Something that is helping fuel that possibility is the way countries are increasingly opening their doors to US oil industry involvement. Listed in this paper is a partial list of the reported projects now underway around the world involving US companies. It is not intended to be comprehensive, but rather an indication of how work continues despite a general lull atmosphere for the oil industry. These include Albania, Bulgaria, Congo, Czechoslovakia, Dominican Republic, Ethiopia, Ireland, Malta, Madagascar, Mongolia, Mozambique, Nigeria, Panama, Paraquay, and Senegal.

  7. The tectonic development of south-central Asia and the paleogeographic setting of its hydrocarbon resources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scotese, C.R. (Shell Development Co., Houston, TX (USA)); Tyrell, W.W. Jr. (Amoco Production Co., Houston, TX (USA)); Maher, K.A. (Shell Development Co., Houston, TX (USA))

    1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The countries of south-central Asia (Afghanistan to Thailand) are made up of fragments of Gondwana that collided with the southern margin of Eurasia during the Mesozoic and Cenozoic. The Cimmerian terranes (Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan, Qiang Tang, and Burma-Malaya) rifted away from Gondwana beginning in the Late Carboniferous and were accreted to Asia during the Late Triassic-Jurassic. The Lhasa terrane, presumably also derived from Gondwana, was accreted during the Late Jurassic. By the Early Cretaceous, India-Madagascar had separated from Africa and from Australia-Antarctica. In the middle Cretaceous, India rapidly rifted away from Madagascar, and during the early Eocene collided with Asia giving rise to the Tibetam Plateau and the mountain belts from Afghanistan through Burma. The sedimentary basins and petroleum provinces adjacent to and south of these collision zones are best understood when viewed in the context of their tectonic history and paleogeographic setting. About 7 billion bbl of oil and 50 tcf of gas have been discovered in south-central Asia, mostly in Cenozoic deltaic sandstones or marine carbonate reservoirs in rift (Cambay), passive margin (Bombay shelf), and foreland basins (Assam, Indux, Potwar, Bengal) in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, and in a fore-arc setting in Burma. Source rocks are mostly Paleogene shale, but some Paleozoic and Mesozoic sources be present in Pakistan. New exploration is underway or will begin soon in India, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Burma.

  8. Phylogenomic analysis of 11 complete African swine fever virus genome sequences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Villiers, Etienne P. de, E-mail: e.villiers@cgiar.or [International Livestock Research Institute, PO Box 30709, Nairobi 00100 (Kenya); Gallardo, Carmina; Arias, Marisa [EU reference Laboratory for ASF, CISA-INIA, Crta Algete el Cesar s/n 28130 Valdeolmos, Madrid (Spain); Silva, Melissa da; Upton, Chris [Biochemistry and Microbiology, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, Canada V8W 3P6 (Canada); Martin, Raquel [EU reference Laboratory for ASF, CISA-INIA, Crta Algete el Cesar s/n 28130 Valdeolmos, Madrid (Spain); Bishop, Richard P. [International Livestock Research Institute, PO Box 30709, Nairobi 00100 (Kenya)

    2010-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Viral molecular epidemiology has traditionally analyzed variation in single genes. Whole genome phylogenetic analysis of 123 concatenated genes from 11 ASFV genomes, including E75, a newly sequenced virulent isolate from Spain, identified two clusters. One contained South African isolates from ticks and warthog, suggesting derivation from a sylvatic transmission cycle. The second contained isolates from West Africa and the Iberian Peninsula. Two isolates, from Kenya and Malawi, were outliers. Of the nine genomes within the clusters, seven were within p72 genotype 1. The 11 genomes sequenced comprised only 5 of the 22 p72 genotypes. Comparison of synonymous and non-synonymous mutations at the genome level identified 20 genes subject to selection pressure for diversification. A novel gene of the E75 virus evolved by the fusion of two genes within the 360 multicopy family. Comparative genomics reveals high diversity within a limited sample of the ASFV viral gene pool.

  9. United Nations geothermal activities in developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beredjick, N.

    1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The United Nations implements technical cooperation projects in developing countries through its Department of Technical Cooperation for Development (DTCD). The DTCD is mandated to explore for and develop natural resources (water, minerals, and relevant infrastructure) and energy - both conventional and new and renewable energy sources. To date, the United Nations has been involved in over 30 geothermal exploration projects (completed or underway) in 20 developing countries: 8 in Africa (Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar); 8 in Asia (China, India, Jordan, Philippines, Thailand); 9 in Latin America (Bolivia, Chile, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama) and 6 in Europe (Greece, Romania, Turkey, Yugoslavia). Today, the DTCD has seven UNDP geothermal projects in 6 developing countries. Four of these (Bolivia, China, Honduras, and Kenya) are major exploration projects whose formulation and execution has been possible thanks to the generous contributions under cost-sharing arrangements from the government of Italy. These four projects are summarized.

  10. Tropical Africa: Land use, biomass, and carbon estimates for 1980

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S. [Environmental Protection Agency, Corvallis, OR (United States). Western Ecology Division; Gaston, G. [Environmental Protection Agency, Corvallis, OR (United States). National Research Council; Daniels, R.C. [ed.] [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

    1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980 and describes a methodology that may be used to extend this data set to 1990 and beyond based on population and land cover data. The biomass data and carbon estimates are for woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with the possible magnitude of historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth`s land surface and includes those countries that for the most part are located in Tropical Africa. Countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea and in southern Africa (i.e., Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland, and Western Sahara) have maximum potential biomass and land cover information but do not have biomass or carbon estimate. The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{sup TM} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass-carbon values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

  11. Hydrocarbon potential of the Lamu basin of south-east Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nyagah, K.; Cloeter, J.J.; Maende, A. (National Oil Corp. of Kenya, Nairobi (Kenya))

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Lamu basin occupies the coastal onshore and offshore areas of south-east Kenya. This fault bounded basin formed as a result of the Paleozoic-early Mesozoic phase of rifting that developed at the onset of Gondwana dismemberment. The resultant graben was filled by Karroo (Permian-Early Jurassic) continental siliciclastic sediments. Carbonate deposits associated with the Tethyan sea invasion, dominate the Middle to Late Jurassic basin fill. Cessation of the relative motion between Madagascar and Africa in the Early Cretaceous, heralded passive margin development and deltaic sediment progradation until the Paleogene. Shallow seas transgressed the basin in the Miocene when another carbonate regime prevailed. The basin depositional history is characterized by pulses of transgressive and regressive cycles, bounded by tectonically enhanced unconformities dividing the total sedimentary succession into discrete megasequences. Source rock strata occur within Megasequence III (Paleogene) depositional cycle and were lowered into the oil window in Miocene time, when the coastal parts of the basin experienced the greatest amount of subsidence. The tectono-eustatic pulses of the Tertiary brought about source and reservoir strata into a spatial relationship in which hydrocarbons could be entrapped. A basement high on the continental shelf has potential for Karroo sandstone and Jurassic limestone reservoirs. Halokinesis of Middle Jurassic salt in Miocene time provides additional prospects in the offshore area. Paleogene deltaic sands occur in rotated listric fault blacks. A Miocene reef Play coincides with an Eocene source rock kitchen.

  12. Hydrocarbon potential of the Lamu basin of south-east Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nyagah, K.; Cloeter, J.J.; Maende, A. [National Oil Corp. of Kenya, Nairobi (Kenya)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Lamu basin occupies the coastal onshore and offshore areas of south-east Kenya. This fault bounded basin formed as a result of the Paleozoic-early Mesozoic phase of rifting that developed at the onset of Gondwana dismemberment. The resultant graben was filled by Karroo (Permian-Early Jurassic) continental siliciclastic sediments. Carbonate deposits associated with the Tethyan sea invasion, dominate the Middle to Late Jurassic basin fill. Cessation of the relative motion between Madagascar and Africa in the Early Cretaceous, heralded passive margin development and deltaic sediment progradation until the Paleogene. Shallow seas transgressed the basin in the Miocene when another carbonate regime prevailed. The basin depositional history is characterized by pulses of transgressive and regressive cycles, bounded by tectonically enhanced unconformities dividing the total sedimentary succession into discrete megasequences. Source rock strata occur within Megasequence III (Paleogene) depositional cycle and were lowered into the oil window in Miocene time, when the coastal parts of the basin experienced the greatest amount of subsidence. The tectono-eustatic pulses of the Tertiary brought about source and reservoir strata into a spatial relationship in which hydrocarbons could be entrapped. A basement high on the continental shelf has potential for Karroo sandstone and Jurassic limestone reservoirs. Halokinesis of Middle Jurassic salt in Miocene time provides additional prospects in the offshore area. Paleogene deltaic sands occur in rotated listric fault blacks. A Miocene reef Play coincides with an Eocene source rock kitchen.

  13. Growth mechanisms, polytypism, and real structure of kaolinite microcrystals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Samotoin, N. D., E-mail: samnik@igem.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Geology of Ore Deposits, Petrography, Mineralogy, and Geochemistry (Russian Federation)

    2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The mechanisms of growth of kaolinite microcrystals (0.1-5.0 {mu}m in size) at deposits related to the cluvial weathering crust, as well as to the low-temperature and medium-temperature hydrothermal processes of transformations of minerals in different rocks in Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, Czechia, Vietnam, India, Cuba, and Madagascar, are investigated using transmission electron microscopy and vacuum decoration with gold. It is established that kaolinite microcrystals grow according to two mechanisms: the mechanism of periodic formation of two-dimensional nuclei and the mechanism of spiral growth. The spiral growth of kaolinite microcrystals is dominant and occurs on steps of screw dislocations that differ in sign and magnitude of the Burgers vector along the c axis. The layered growth of kaolinite originates from a widespread source in the form of a step between polar (+ and -) dislocations, i.e., a growth analogue of the Frank-Read dislocation source. The density of growth screw dislocations varies over a wide range and can be as high as {approx}10{sup 9} cm{sup -2}. Layered stepped kaolinite growth pyramids for all mechanisms of growth on the (001) face of kaolinite exhibit the main features of the triclinic 1Tc and real structures of this mineral.

  14. Heavy crude and tar sands: Hydrocarbons for the 21st century. Volume 1, Geology, characterization and mining

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyer, R.F. [ed.] [Geological Survey, Washington, DC (United States)

    1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Volume 1 is concerned with the geology of the resources and with the mining of those occurring at or near the earth`s surface. The chemical characterization of natural bitumens and heavy oil is the subject of 15 papers. These concentrate on those properties which govern the exploitability and use of these hydrocarbons. Six reports deal with exploration for bitumens and certain aspects of their later development. No less than three of the papers investigate the trace metals and their possible role in comprehending the occurrence of the bitumens and, therefore, the clues they may offer for the location of additional deposits. Another eight reports are concerned directly with the geologic occurrence of specific resource accumulations. These deposits are found in Canada, China, Madagascar, Nigeria, and Venezuela. One report describes a model that may be applied in basin analysis for predicting the composition of heavy oils expelled from the sources rocks of the basin. Additional papers then characterize the resources found in Indonesia, Iran, and the USA. Volume 1 concludes with the reports on the many kinds of bitumen extraction and use. Not only are innovative techniques evolving for the extraction of the material but also for its economic enhancement through the exploitation of coproducts. Ten papers deal with bitumen mining and its present, or prospective, utilization in places like the Mongolia Republic, the State of Utah in the USA, Trinidad in Latin America or Nigeria in Africa. Each paper has been processed separately for the Energy Science and Technology Database.

  15. African oil plays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clifford, A.J. (BHP Petroleum, Melbourne, Victoria (Australia))

    1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The vast continent of Africa hosts over eight sedimentary basins, covering approximately half its total area. Of these basins, only 82% have entered a mature exploration phase, 9% have had little or no exploration at all. Since oil was first discovered in Africa during the mid-1950s, old play concepts continue to bear fruit, for example in Egypt and Nigeria, while new play concepts promise to become more important, such as in Algeria, Angola, Chad, Egypt, Gabon, and Sudan. The most exciting developments of recent years in African oil exploration are: (1) the Gamba/Dentale play, onshore Gabon; (2) the Pinda play, offshore Angola; (3) the Lucula/Toca play, offshore Cabinda; (4) the Metlaoui play, offshore Libya/Tunisia; (5) the mid-Cretaceous sand play, Chad/Sudan; and (6) the TAG-I/F6 play, onshore Algeria. Examples of these plays are illustrated along with some of the more traditional oil plays. Where are the future oil plays likely to develop No doubt, the Saharan basins of Algeria and Libya will feature strongly, also the presalt of Equatorial West Africa, the Central African Rift System and, more speculatively, offshore Ethiopia and Namibia, and onshore Madagascar, Mozambique, and Tanzania.

  16. Assessing corporate project impacts in changeable contexts: A human rights perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salcito, Kendyl, E-mail: kendyl.salcito@unibas.ch [Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, P.O. Box, CH-4002 Basel (Switzerland); University of Basel, P.O. Box, CH-4003 Basel (Switzerland); NomoGaia, 1900 Wazee Street, Suite 303, Denver, CO 80202 (United States); NewFields, LLC, Denver, CO 80202 (United States); Singer, Burton H., E-mail: bhsinger@epi.ufl.edu [Emerging Pathogens Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610 (United States); Krieger, Gary R., E-mail: gkrieger@newfields.com [NewFields, LLC, Denver, CO 80202 (United States); Weiss, Mitchell G., E-mail: mitchell-g.weiss@unibas.ch [Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, P.O. Box, CH-4002 Basel (Switzerland); University of Basel, P.O. Box, CH-4003 Basel (Switzerland); Wielga, Mark, E-mail: wielga@nomogaia.org [NomoGaia, 1900 Wazee Street, Suite 303, Denver, CO 80202 (United States); NewFields, LLC, Denver, CO 80202 (United States); Utzinger, Jrg, E-mail: juerg.utzinger@unibas.ch [Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, P.O. Box, CH-4002 Basel (Switzerland); University of Basel, P.O. Box, CH-4003 Basel (Switzerland)

    2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Project-level impact assessment was originally conceived as a snapshot taken in advance of project implementation, contrasting current conditions with a likely future scenario involving a variety of predicted impacts. Current best practice guidance has encouraged a shift towards longitudinal assessments from the pre-project stage through the implementation and operating phases. Experience and study show, however, that assessment of infrastructure-intensive projects rarely endures past the project's construction phase. Negative consequences for environmental, social and health outcomes have been documented. Such consequences clarify the pressing need for longitudinal assessment in each of these domains, with human rights impact assessment (HRIA) as an umbrella over, and critical augmentation of, environmental, social and health assessments. Project impacts on human rights are more closely linked to political, economic and other factors beyond immediate effects of a company's policy and action throughout the project lifecycle. Delineating these processes requires an adequate framework, with strategies for collecting longitudinal data, protocols that provide core information for impact assessment and guidance for adaptive mitigation strategies as project-related effects change over time. This article presents general principles for the design and implementation of sustained, longitudinal HRIA, based on experience assessing and responding to human rights impact in a uranium mining project in Malawi. The case study demonstrates the value of longitudinal assessment both for limiting corporate risk and improving human welfare. - Graphical abstract: Assessing changes in human rights condition as affected by both project and context, over time. - Highlights: Corporate capital projects affect human rights in myriad ways. Ongoing, longitudinal impact assessment techniques are needed. We present an approach for conducting longitudinal human rights impact assessment. Our methodology allows distinguishing corporate impacts from contextual changes. Promptly observing context changes and impacts enables companies to react nimbly.