Sample records for leeward sheltered side

  1. Bombed Shelters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Randi

    2013-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Broadcast Transcript: In this time of reusing, recycling, repurposing, pretty much anything can become anything else: tires to playground turf, soda bottles to fleece parkas, rails to trails. Here in Shanghai, they've got bomb shelters to transform...

  2. Rapid deployment shelter system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bzorgi, Fariborz M.

    2006-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A shelter for the protection of for the protection of persons, animals, equipment, materials, property, and similar things of value from potentially damaging environmental conditions is disclosed. Various embodiments include the use of a frame structure and hinged panels which are unfolded to create the walls of the structure. Optionally flexible surfaces may be added to the ends of the shelter to at least partially close the end of the shelter.

  3. Earth-sheltered apartments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Germer, J.

    1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Earth-sheltered apartments for students at St. Johns University, Collegeville, MN are described. The intent was to provide energy-efficient, low maintenance housing in a neighborhood environment for the students. Students would learn about energy-conscious architecture from living in the buildings. The buildings have had few problems, but energy performance has not been up to expectations. The consumption of electricity exceeded predictions by 49%. The most likely answer to the problem is deviation from design. Several items of energy-efficient design were specified but deleted in order to cut costs.

  4. ORISE: Operating Public Shelters in a Radiation Emergency | How...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Operating Public Shelters in a Radiation Emergency CDC, ORISE and NACCHO collaborate on guide for shelters A Guide to Operating Public Shelters in a Radiation Emergency cover A...

  5. Solar for Schools and Shelters (Florida)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This program will support the installation of photovoltaic systems with battery back-up on strategically located schools and emergency shelters throughout the state. The Office of Energy will...

  6. Solar Hot Water Creates Savings for Homeless Shelters | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Solar Hot Water Creates Savings for Homeless Shelters Solar Hot Water Creates Savings for Homeless Shelters July 15, 2010 - 12:10pm Addthis Kevin Craft What are the key facts?...

  7. Distinguishing between interference and exploitation competition for shelter in a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Owen

    Distinguishing between interference and exploitation competition for shelter in a mobile fish) as a model system of mobile fish to investigate the effect of intraspecific competition on shelter use and population density. For each experiment the location of each individual fish was observed over a period of 10

  8. Smart Shelter: A Sustainable Power System Design Using Micro-Energy Harvesting Techniques 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hilton, Benjamin D

    2013-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper is about the novel design of a Smart Shelter, which is a shelter that is powered using power harvesting techniques....

  9. Protecting red oak seedlings with tree shelters in northwestern Pennsylvania. Forest Service research paper (Final)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walters, R.S.

    1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The report examines the growth and survival of planted and natural red oak seedlings and seedlings from planted acorns within translucent tan tree shelters, fences, and unprotected controls under a shelterwood seed-cut stand. Seedlings planted within tree shelters and fences were inside tree shelters. Natural seedlings grew very little and their height inside and outside of tree shelters did not differ. Recommendations based on these results should improve results from the use of tree shelters.

  10. Organizational and social-psychological issues relevant to fallout-shelter evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wernette, D.R.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents the results of a preliminary review of the literature on organizational and social-psychological issues relevant to fallout-shelter evaluation. Fallout-shelter options are evaluated along two dimensions: shelter size, and extent of shelteree participation in the shelter construction. Four functional criteria are used in the evaluation: decision-making, member coordination, social control, and maintaining morale. Smaller shelters requiring shelteree participation in construction appear preferable as measured in most of these criteria. Additional factors mentioned include demographic characteristics of the shelter population, degree and type of ventilation system, and availability of medical equipment and personnel. 10 references.

  11. Effectiveness of Urban Shelter-in-Place. III: Commercial Districts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chan, Wanyu R.; Chan, Wanyu R.; Nazaroff, William W.; Price, Phillip N.; Gadgil, Ashok J.

    2007-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

    In the event of a toxic chemical release to the atmosphere, shelter-in-place (SIP) is an emergency response option available to protect public health. This paper is the last in a three-part series that examines the effectiveness of SIP at reducing adverse health effects in communities. We model a hypothetical chemical release in an urban area, and consider SIP effectiveness in protecting occupants of commercial buildings. Building air infiltration rates are predicted from empirical data using an existing model. We consider the distribution of building air infiltration rates both with mechanical ventilation systems turned off and with the systems operating. We also consider the effects of chemical sorption to indoor surfaces and nonlinear chemical dose-response relationships. We find that commercial buildings provide effective shelter when ventilation systems are off, but that any delay in turning off ventilation systems can greatly reduce SIP effectiveness. Using a two-zone model, we find that there can be substantial benefit by taking shelter in the inner parts of a building that do not experience direct air exchange with the outdoors. Air infiltration rates vary substantially among buildings and this variation is important in quantifying effectiveness for emergency response. Community-wide health metrics, introduced in the previous papers in this series, can be applied in pre-event planning and to guide real-time emergency response.

  12. method shelters Ruby [1] Open class MultiJava [6] Open

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiba, Shigeru

    setBorder 3. 2 3. 1 exposedly hiddenly 4 #12;29 (2012 ) 5 1 shelter win7; 2 revise Window{ 3 void set1 29 (2012 ) method shelters 1 Ruby [1] Open class MultiJava [6] Open class GluonJ [5;2 29 (2012 ) method shelters 2 Windows XP GUI Window Windows 7 GUI ( 1) "revise C{ML0 ML1 ....}" C ML

  13. Sheltering in Place | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9 SeptemberSetting theSheldon Datz, 2000Sheltering

  14. Questions and Answers Regarding Actions to Take When Ending Shelter-in-Place

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shumpert, B.

    2003-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Shelter-in-place has found increasing acceptance as an effective protective action option for communities participating in the Chemical Stockpile Emergency Preparedness Program. Studies have confirmed that it can provide optimum protection under certain accident conditions. However, emergency managers and planners, as well as the public, continue to be troubled by the need to end sheltering when the plume has passed in order to avoid sustained exposure to the small amount of agent that has penetrated the shelter. One of the concerns posed by this necessity is uncertainty regarding what hazards will then be faced in the environment outside the shelter and what actions can be taken to avoid those hazards. This report attempts to address those uncertainties. It recognizes that there is an extremely low probability that the environment outside the shelter will be contaminated with chemical agent residue. However, as people comply with an official recommendation to leave their shelters, they probably can't be certain that the environment is free from contamination. Therefore, this report identifies and explains specific and simple actions they can take to avoid the possibility of exposure to chemical agent hazards outside their shelters. It addresses such issues as the actions people should take upon ending shelter-in-place, what clothing they should wear, how they should handle animals, and what they should do about food in their homes and produce in their gardens.

  15. Analysis of sheltering and evacuation strategies for an urban nuclear detonation scenario.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yoshimura, Ann S.; Brandt, Larry D.

    2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Development of an effective strategy for shelter and evacuation is among the most important planning tasks in preparation for response to a low yield, nuclear detonation in an urban area. This study examines shelter-evacuate policies and effectiveness focusing on a 10 kt scenario in Los Angeles. The goal is to provide technical insights that can support development of urban response plans. Results indicate that extended shelter-in-place can offer the most robust protection when high quality shelter exists. Where less effective shelter is available and the fallout radiation intensity level is high, informed evacuation at the appropriate time can substantially reduce the overall dose to personnel. However, uncertainties in the characteristics of the fallout region and in the exit route can make evacuation a risky strategy. Analyses indicate that only a relatively small fraction of the total urban population may experience significant dose reduction benefits from even a well-informed evacuation plan.

  16. Analysis of sheltering and evacuation strategies for a Chicago nuclear detonation scenario.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yoshimura, Ann S.; Brandt, Larry D.

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Development of an effective strategy for shelter and evacuation is among the most important planning tasks in preparation for response to a low yield, nuclear detonation in an urban area. Extensive studies have been performed and guidance published that highlight the key principles for saving lives following such an event. However, region-specific data are important in the planning process as well. This study examines some of the unique regional factors that impact planning for a 10 kt detonation in Chicago. The work utilizes a single scenario to examine regional impacts as well as the shelter-evacuate decision alternatives at selected exemplary points. For many Chicago neighborhoods, the excellent assessed shelter quality available make shelter-in-place or selective transit to a nearby shelter a compelling post-detonation strategy.

  17. Analysis of sheltering and evacuation strategies for a national capital region nuclear detonation scenario.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yoshimura, Ann S.; Brandt, Larry D.

    2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Development of an effective strategy for shelter and evacuation is among the most important planning tasks in preparation for response to a low yield, nuclear detonation in an urban area. Extensive studies have been performed and guidance published that highlight the key principles for saving lives following such an event. However, region-specific data are important in the planning process as well. This study examines some of the unique regional factors that impact planning for a 10 kT detonation in the National Capital Region. The work utilizes a single scenario to examine regional impacts as well as the shelter-evacuate decision alternatives at one exemplary point. For most Washington, DC neighborhoods, the excellent assessed shelter quality available make shelter-in-place or selective transit to a nearby shelter a compelling post-detonation strategy.

  18. Development of red oak seedlings using plastic shelters on hardwood sites in West Virginia. Forest Service research paper (Final)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, H.C.

    1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Plastic shelters were used to grow red oak seedlings on good-to-excellent Appalachian hardwood growing sites in north central West Virginia. Preliminary results indicate that shelters have the potential to stimulate development of red oak seedlingheight growth, especially if height growth continues once the seedling tops are above the 5-foot-tall shelters.

  19. Earth-sheltered housing: an evaluation of energy-conservation potential

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wendt, R.L.

    1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Innovative Structures Program (ISP) began an evaluation of the energy conservation potential of earth-sheltered houses in late 1979. Since that time, several projects have been undertaken as part of this evaluation. The findings of these projects, plus a discussion of the work of others in the field, form the body of this report. Although a comprehensive evaluation of earth-sheltered housing has not been completed, this report presents a compendium of knowledge on the subject. The conclusions are more qualitative than quantitative in nature because of the limited information on which to base projections. The major conclusions to date are as follows: Earth-sheltered houses are capable of very good energy performance. Earth-sheltered houses, as a passive means to conserve energy, perform significantly better in some climatic regins than in others. Earth-sheltered houses are not the optimum passive concept in several major housing growth regions of the country. Earth-sheltered houses, including their land and site improvements, will cost an estimated 10 to 35% more than comparable aboveground houses, and this additional cost may not be justified on a life cycle cost basis, given 1981 market conditions. The use of earth sheltering will probably grow in some parts of the country; however, broad-scale national or regional utilization is not likely to occur in the next 20 to 30 years.

  20. Preliminary evaluation of crisis-relocation fallout-shelter options. Volume 2. Detailed analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Santini, D.J.; Clinch, J.M.; Davis, F.H.; Hill, L.G.; Lynch, E.P.; Tanzman, E.A.; Wernette, D.R.

    1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents a preliminary, detailed evaluation of various shelter options for use if the President orders crisis relocation of the US urban population because of strong expectation of a nuclear war. The availability of livable shelter space at 40 ft/sup 2/ per person (congregate-care space) by state is evaluated. Options are evaluated for construction of fallout shelters allowing 10 ft/sup 2/ per person - such shelters are designed to provide 100% survival at projected levels of radioactive fallout. The FEMA concept of upgrading existing buildings to act as fallout shelters can, in principle, provide adequate shelter throughout most of the US. Exceptions are noted and remedies proposed. In terms of upgrading existing buildings to fallout shelter status, great benefits are possible by turning away from a standard national approach and adopting a more site-specific approach. Existing FEMA research provides a solid foundation for successful crisis relocation planning, but the program can be refined by making suitable modifications in its locational, engineering, and institutionally specific elements.

  1. Appropriate technology water treatment processes for MaeLa Temporary Shelter, Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vater, Katherine Ann

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis recommends the use of horizontal-flow roughing filters to treat spring water of variable annual quality in MaeLa Temporary Shelter, Thailand. The public drinking water system for 45,000 refugees is overseen by ...

  2. Sustainable shelters for post disaster reconstruction : an integrated approach for reconstruction after the South Asia earthquake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali, Zehra (Zehra Hyder)

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A year after the South Asia earthquake, over 60% of the survivors are still vulnerable due to the lack of adequate shelter, the absence of basic facilities for water and sanitation and livelihood restoration. The harsh ...

  3. The Paleoindian skeletal material from Horn Shelter, Number 2, in central Texas: an analysis and perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young, Diane Elizabeth

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE PALEOINDIAN SKELETAL MATERIAL FROM HORN SHELTER, NUMBER 2, IN CENTRAL TEXAS AN ANALYSIS AND PERSPECTIVE A Thesis by DIANE ELIZABETH YOUNG Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A 5 M University in partial fullfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS May 1986 Major Subject: Anthropology THE PALEOINDIAN SKELETAL MATERIAL FROM HORN SHELTER, NUMBER 2 IN CENTRAL TEXAS AN ANALYSIS AND PERSPECTIVE A Thesis by DIANE ELIZABETH YOUNG Approved as to style ~nd...

  4. Side-Channel Oscilloscope

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Sumanta

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Side-Channel Analysis used for codebreaking could be used constructively as a probing tool for internal gates in integrated circuits. This paper outlines basic methods and mathematics for that purpose

  5. GIS representation and assessment of water distribution system for Mae La Temporary Shelter, Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harding, Mary Pierce

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ArcGIS is used to analyze water access in Mae La, Thailand, home to 45,000 residents living as refugees in a temporary camp. Drinking water for the shelter is supplied at public tap stands while water for hygienic purposes ...

  6. Smart Shelter: A Sustainable Power System Design Using Micro-Energy Harvesting Techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hilton, Benjamin D

    2013-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

    &M University In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the designation as an UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH SCHOLAR Approved by Research Advisor: Dr. Edgar Sanchez-Sinencio May 2014 Major: Electrical Engineering TABLE... Advisor: Dr. Edgar Sanchez-Sinencio Department of Electrical And Computer Engineering In the event of a large-scale natural disaster, families and nations are often unprepared for post- disaster living conditions. Disaster relief shelters...

  7. Down and Out on the Kaw: An Examination of Emergency Shelters in Lawrence, Kansas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCrary, Quincy Dalton

    2008-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

    for this research in ethnographic studies on homelessness. Research by Williams (2003) found a correlation between strong support of individualistic causation, hierarchical surveillance, restrictive access, and extensive punitive rules at shelters. She argues... for homeless women (ibid 73). This led to staff learning about the ?strengths, skills, and survival abilities of the women? and determining what, if any, ?supports, programs, and services? they want (Bridgman 2003: 125). Lyon-Callo (2004) began a call...

  8. Siding | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt LtdShawangunk, New York:SiG Solar GmbH Jump to: navigation, searchSiding Jump

  9. Sheltering in Place | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron4(SC)Principal Investigators'RayScienceSheltering in Place Emergency

  10. Induced Churn as Shelter from Routing-Table Poisoning Tyson Condie, Varun Kacholia, Sriram Sankararaman, Joseph M. Hellerstein, Petros Maniatis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Irvine, University of

    Induced Churn as Shelter from Routing-Table Poisoning Tyson Condie, Varun Kacholia, Sriram. In this paper we address routing-table poisoning attacks against structured overlays, in which adversaries to redi- rect an outgoing link to her, thereby poisoning its routing table. All lookups routed via

  11. Induced Churn as Shelter from Routing-Table Poisoning Tyson Condie, Varun Kacholia, Sriram Sankararaman, Joseph M. Hellerstein, Petros Maniatis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Irvine, University of

    Induced Churn as Shelter from Routing-Table Poisoning Tyson Condie, Varun Kacholia, Sriram. In this paper we address routing-table poisoning attacks against structured overlays, in which adversaries an outgoing link to her, thereby poisoning its routing table. All lookups routed via that link will end up

  12. Resilience in Pre-Columbian Caribbean House-Building: Dialogue Between Archaeology and Humanitarian Shelter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samson, A. V. M.; Crawford, C. A.; Hoogland, M. L. P.; Hofman, C. L.

    2015-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    . This paper suggests that exam- ination of patterns in the regional archaeological record may reveal some useful implications for dealing with post-disaster shelter relief in the Caribbean and further afield. The archaeological analysis offered here identifies... es fo rh ou se s, an d ot he rw is e si te da te s. O nl y th e m os tr el ia bl e/ co m pl et e of th es e st ru ct ur es ha ve be en us ed in an al ys is an d w he re m ul tip le in te rp re ta tio ns ha ve be en pr es en te d th e m os ts ec ur e...

  13. Marketing Demand-Side Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Neill, M. L.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Demand-Side Management is an organizational tool that has proven successful in various realms of the ever changing business world in the past few years. It combines the multi-faceted desires of the customers with the increasingly important...

  14. Overview of Demand Side Response

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation—given at the Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) Fall 2008 meeting—discusses the utility PJM's demand side response (DSR) capabilities, including emergency and economic responses.

  15. Demand Side Management in Rangan Banerjee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banerjee, Rangan

    Demand Side Management in Industry Rangan Banerjee Talk at Baroda in Birla Corporate Seminar August 31,2007 #12;Demand Side Management Indian utilities ­ energy shortage and peak power shortage. Supply for Options ­ Demand Side Management (DSM) & Load Management #12;DSM Concept Demand Side Management (DSM) - co

  16. Supply Chain Networks, Electronic Commerce, and Supply Side and Demand Side Risk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    Supply Chain Networks, Electronic Commerce, and Supply Side and Demand Side Risk Anna Nagurney as well as demand side risk are included in the formulation. The model consists of three tiers of decision chain network equilibrium model with electronic com- merce and with supply side and demand side risk

  17. Dark Energy: Taking SidesDark Energy: Taking SidesDark Energy: Taking Sides The University of Chicago

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yamamoto, Hirosuke

    Dark Energy: Taking SidesDark Energy: Taking SidesDark Energy: Taking Sides Rocky Kolb Barocky The University of Chicago #12;#12; Cold Dark Matter: (CDM) 25% Dark Energy (): 70% Stars: 0.5% H & He: gas 4 For Dark EnergyEvidence For Dark EnergyEvidence For Dark Energy 3) Baryon acoustic oscillations 4) Weak

  18. Demand Side Bidding. Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spahn, Andrew

    2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This document sets forth the final report for a financial assistance award for the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) to enhance coordination between the building operators and power system operators in terms of demand-side responses to Location Based Marginal Pricing (LBMP). Potential benefits of this project include improved power system reliability, enhanced environmental quality, mitigation of high locational prices within congested areas, and the reduction of market barriers for demand-side market participants. NARUC, led by its Committee on Energy Resources and the Environment (ERE), actively works to promote the development and use of energy efficiency and clean distributive energy policies within the framework of a dynamic regulatory environment. Electric industry restructuring, energy shortages in California, and energy market transformation intensifies the need for reliable information and strategies regarding electric reliability policy and practice. NARUC promotes clean distributive generation and increased energy efficiency in the context of the energy sector restructuring process. NARUC, through ERE's Subcommittee on Energy Efficiency, strives to improve energy efficiency by creating working markets. Market transformation seeks opportunities where small amounts of investment can create sustainable markets for more efficient products, services, and design practices.

  19. "Regulatory Side-by-Side Governing Permitting of Cross-Border...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Cross-Border Electricity Transmission Facilities between the United States and Canada" Now Available "Regulatory Side-by-Side Governing Permitting of Cross-Border...

  20. Environmental assessment: Entry/exit tests for collective-protection NBC shelter systems using human volunteers and nontoxic simulants. Final report, Oct 88-Mar 89

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arca, V.J.

    1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Environmental Assessment was performed to evaluate the effects of a series of outdoor tests that are to be conducted at the U.S. Army Chemical Research, Development and Engineering Center (CRDEC) at the Edgewood Area of Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland. These tests will be used to develop and evaluate safer and more effective entry/exit procedures for several Collective Protection Shelter systems. Army Collective Protection NBC Shelter systems require effective entry and exit procedures to lessen risks of individual exposure to harmful chemical and biological warfare agents. This is particularly important for personnel contaminated with persistent liquid nerve agents or vesicants who must perform precise decontamination and protective clothing doffing procedures to shelters. Recent evaluations of current entry/exit procedures indicate many to be inadequate. The purpose of this action, therefore, is to develop and evaluate system safety.

  1. Efficient clustered server-side data analysis workflows using SWAMP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Daniel L; Zender, Charles S; Jenks, Stephen F

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CS, Jenks SF (2007) Server-side parallel data reduction andEfficient clustered server-side data analysis workflowssystem provides safe server-side process- ing capabilities

  2. Industrial Demand-Side Management in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaussaud, D.

    of programs result in lower consumption and/or lower peak demand, and ultimately reduce the need to build new capacity. Hence demand-side management can be used as a resource option to be considered alongside more traditional supply-side resources in a...INDUSTRIAL DEMAND-SIDE MANAGEMENT IN TEXAS Danielle Jaussaud Economic Analysis Section Public Utility Commission of Texas Austin, Texas ABSTRACT The industrial sector in Texas is highly energy intensive and represents a large share...

  3. DAB, South Side, ODH Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael, J.; Mulholland, G.T.; /Fermilab

    1990-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

    This report covers the ODH concerns of the south side of the D0 Assembly Building. from the bottom (el. 700-feet) to the top (774-feet 6-inches). volume by volume. Each volume is covered in its own section. with each section broken down into three parts. The first is a description of the volume. including its function. dimensions. and all relative ODH concerns; cryogenic piping and ventilation. Second. the actual ODH analysis of the volume is shown. Third. the provisions for the ODH condition of the volume are detailed. including securing the area and the posting of signs. The liquid argon dewar room is at an elevation of 701-feet 6-inch (38-feet underground), with the dewar surrounded by 7700 cubic feet of air. The area is accessible only through a single door. which has a small window and a lock (lock out only). There is small metal scaffolding in front of the dewar to facilitate maintenance and U-tube pulling and installation. The room is directly on top of the Pipe Chase Well and the Cryo Sump, and the bottom of the Stairway is just outside the door. The dewar is designed to be completely operated by remote computer control and the area will be unmanned during normal operation. Room occupancy will occur only during dewar or central control junction box maintenance, or U-tube changes. The dewar has these additions to it: 20 valves, 10 bayonet connections (or 5 U-tubes), 8 bolted flanges, 100 pipe sections (approx.). 100 brazed joints and welds (approx.). and 10 pipe elbows. In addition, 3 of the U-tubes will be changed twice a year on average.

  4. 2E9 ENGINEERING DESIGN III: GIVE ME SHELTER [10 credits] Lecturer(s): Professor Mark Dyer (mark.dyer@tcd.ie)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Mahony, Donal E.

    inquiry led learning To develop skills in people centred design thinking To implement design solutions for temporary shelters including recycling and carbon footprint; drawings and calculations. Following submission including a Gantt Chart Health and Safety Strategy for Recycling and Re-use The Organisation Management

  5. Budget Adjustment Single Sided Budget Adjustment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephens, Graeme L.

    Budget Adjustment & Single Sided Budget Adjustment WELCOME! #12;Accessing Kuali · Campus://busfin.colostate.edu #12;What will be covered today? · When should I use a Budget Adjustment (BA) or Single Sided Budget · Error correction · Onesided vs. singlesided entries #12;When to use a Budget Adjustment · How do I know

  6. Side-emitting fiber optic position sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Weiss, Jonathan D. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2008-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

    A side-emitting fiber optic position sensor and method of determining an unknown position of an object by using the sensor. In one embodiment, a concentrated beam of light source illuminates the side of a side-emitting fiber optic at an unknown axial position along the fiber's length. Some of this side-illuminated light is in-scattered into the fiber and captured. As the captured light is guided down the fiber, its intensity decreases due to loss from side-emission away from the fiber and from bulk absorption within the fiber. By measuring the intensity of light emitted from one (or both) ends of the fiber with a photodetector(s), the axial position of the light source is determined by comparing the photodetector's signal to a calibrated response curve, look-up table, or by using a mathematical model. Alternatively, the side-emitting fiber is illuminated at one end, while a photodetector measures the intensity of light emitted from the side of the fiber, at an unknown position. As the photodetector moves further away from the illuminated end, the detector's signal strength decreases due to loss from side-emission and/or bulk absorption. As before, the detector's signal is correlated to a unique position along the fiber.

  7. Floating LNG terminal and LNG carrier interaction analysis for side-by-side offloading operation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuriakose, Vinu P.

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Floating LNG terminals are a relatively new concept with the first such terminal in the world installed this year. The hydrodynamic interaction effects between the terminal and a LNG carrier in a side-by-side offloading arrangement is investigated...

  8. Back-side readout semiconductor photomultiplier

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Choong, Woon-Seng; Holland, Stephen E

    2014-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    This disclosure provides systems, methods, and apparatus related to semiconductor photomultipliers. In one aspect, a device includes a p-type semiconductor substrate, the p-type semiconductor substrate having a first side and a second side, the first side of the p-type semiconductor substrate defining a recess, and the second side of the p-type semiconductor substrate being doped with n-type ions. A conductive material is disposed in the recess. A p-type epitaxial layer is disposed on the second side of the p-type semiconductor substrate. The p-type epitaxial layer includes a first region proximate the p-type semiconductor substrate, the first region being implanted with p-type ions at a higher doping level than the p-type epitaxial layer, and a second region disposed on the first region, the second region being doped with p-type ions at a higher doping level than the first region.

  9. AIAA 2002-3298 AERODYNAMICS OF TWO SIDE-BY-SIDE PLATES IN HYPERSONIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riabov, Vladimir V.

    AIAA 2002-3298 AERODYNAMICS OF TWO SIDE-BY-SIDE PLATES IN HYPERSONIC RAREFIED-GAS FLOWS Vladimir V. Riabov* Rivier College, Nashua, New Hampshire 03060 Abstract Hypersonic rarefied-gas flows near two side transitional rarefied-gas-flow conditions (Knudsen numbers from 0.024 to 1.8). Strong influences

  10. Micro economics for demand-side management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kibune, Hisao

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper aims to interpret Demand-Side Management (DSM) activity and to point out its problems, adopting microeconomics as an analytical tool. Two major findings follow. first, the cost-benefit analysis currently in use ...

  11. Junction-side illuminated silicon detector arrays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Iwanczyk, Jan S.; Patt, Bradley E.; Tull, Carolyn

    2004-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A junction-side illuminated detector array of pixelated detectors is constructed on a silicon wafer. A junction contact on the front-side may cover the whole detector array, and may be used as an entrance window for light, x-ray, gamma ray and/or other particles. The back-side has an array of individual ohmic contact pixels. Each of the ohmic contact pixels on the back-side may be surrounded by a grid or a ring of junction separation implants. Effective pixel size may be changed by separately biasing different sections of the grid. A scintillator may be coupled directly to the entrance window while readout electronics may be coupled directly to the ohmic contact pixels. The detector array may be used as a radiation hardened detector for high-energy physics research or as avalanche imaging arrays.

  12. Real-Time Demand Side Energy Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victor, A.; Brodkorb, M.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Real-Time Demand Side Energy Management Annelize Victor Michael Brodkorb Sr. Business Consultant Business Development Manager Aspen Technology, Inc. Aspen Technology Espańa, S.A. Houston, TX Barcelona, Spain ABSTRACT To remain... competitive, manufacturers must capture opportunities to increase bottom-line profitability. The goal of this paper is to present a new methodology for reducing energy costs – “Demand-Side Energy Management.” Learn how process manufacturers assess energy...

  13. Shelter Forum2014 2014 SHELTER FORUM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Botea, Adi

    -Legal Association for an article entitled: Evolution and Chaos in Property Rights Systems: The Third World Tragedy adviser in post-conflict East Timor (2000) and post-tsunami Aceh (2005-6). He is the primary author

  14. Deploying Server-side File System Monitoring at NERSC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uselton, Andrew

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Deploying Server-side File System Monitoring at NERSC Andrewcenter was equipped with the server-side I/O monitoringfor observing and recording server-side per- formance

  15. Demand-Side Management and Energy Efficiency Revisited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auffhammer, Maximilian; Blumstein, Carl; Fowlie, Meredith

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EPRI). 1984. ”Demand Side Management. Vol. 1:Overview of Key1993. ”Industrial Demand-Side Management Programs: What’sJ. Kulick. 2004. ”Demand side management and energy e?ciency

  16. Dual-sided coded-aperture imager

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ziock, Klaus-Peter (Clinton, TN)

    2009-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

    In a vehicle, a single detector plane simultaneously measures radiation coming through two coded-aperture masks, one on either side of the detector. To determine which side of the vehicle a source is, the two shadow masks are inverses of each other, i.e., one is a mask and the other is the anti-mask. All of the data that is collected is processed through two versions of an image reconstruction algorithm. One treats the data as if it were obtained through the mask, the other as though the data is obtained through the anti-mask.

  17. Side-by-Side Testing of Water Heating Systems: Results from the 2009-2010 Evaluation

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The performance of seven differing types of residential water heating systems was compared in a side-by-side test configuration over a full year period. The Hot Water System Laboratory (HWS Lab) test facility at the Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC) in Cocoa, FL was used for the tests.

  18. AIAA 2002-3297 INTERFERENCE BETWEEN TWO SIDE-BY-SIDE CYLINDERS IN HYPERSONIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riabov, Vladimir V.

    AIAA 2002-3297 INTERFERENCE BETWEEN TWO SIDE-BY-SIDE CYLINDERS IN HYPERSONIC RAREFIED-GAS FLOWS Vladimir V. Riabov* Rivier College, Nashua, New Hampshire 03060 Abstract Hypersonic rarefied-gas flows near-Carlo technique under transitional rarefied-gas-flow conditions (Knudsen numbers from 0.0167 to 10). Strong

  19. Forord Side 3 Vindenergi en af lsningerne p de energipolitiske udfordringer Side 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vindmřller i Danmark #12;INDHOLD Forord Side 3 Vindenergi ­ en af lřsningerne pĺ de energipolitiske Husstandsmřller og smĺ-mřller Vindmřller pĺ havet Side 18 Havvindmřller i Danmark Energistyrelsen som one stop danmark #12;FORORD Formĺlet med pjecen "Vindmřller i Danmark" er at give en samlet introduktion til

  20. Environmental Remediation program to perform slope-side cleanup...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Perform slope-side cleanup Environmental Remediation program to perform slope-side cleanup near Smith's Marketplace Los Alamos National Laboratory is performing a high-angle...

  1. Evaluation of Side Stream Filtration Technology at Oak Ridge...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ssfevaluation.pdf More Documents & Publications Side Stream Filtration for Cooling Towers Technical Evaluation of Side Stream Filtration for Cooling Towers Cooling Towers:...

  2. BUILDINGS SECTOR DEMAND-SIDE EFFICIENCY TECHNOLOGY SUMMARIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LBL-33887 UC-000 BUILDINGS SECTOR DEMAND-SIDE EFFICIENCY TECHNOLOGY SUMMARIES Jonathan G. Koomey ............................................................................................... 2 Demand-Side Efficiency Technologies I. Energy Management Systems (EMSs

  3. Solar cell with back side contacts

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Nielson, Gregory N; Okandan, Murat; Cruz-Campa, Jose Luis; Resnick, Paul J; Wanlass, Mark Woodbury; Clews, Peggy J

    2013-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

    A III-V solar cell is described herein that includes all back side contacts. Additionally, the positive and negative electrical contacts contact compoud semiconductor layers of the solar cell other than the absorbing layer of the solar cell. That is, the positive and negative electrical contacts contact passivating layers of the solar cell.

  4. Cathode side hardware for carbonate fuel cells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Xu, Gengfu (Danbury, CT); Yuh, Chao-Yi (New Milford, CT)

    2011-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Carbonate fuel cathode side hardware having a thin coating of a conductive ceramic formed from one of LSC (La.sub.0.8Sr.sub.0.2CoO.sub.3) and lithiated NiO (Li.sub.xNiO, where x is 0.1 to 1).

  5. Side Orders Potato Wedges 1.60

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dixon, Peter

    Side Orders Potato Wedges Ł1.60 Choose your dip from: Soured Cream, Spicy Salsa or Barbecue Potato Wedges topped with Cheese Ł2.00 Choose your dip from: Soured Cream, Spicy Salsa or Barbecue Potato Wedges leaf salad, potato wedges and a soured cream dip. Refried Bean Burrito Ł5.25 Refried beans, onions

  6. DC side filters for multiterminal HVDC systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shore, N.L.; Adamson, K.; Bard, P. [and others] [and others

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Multiterminal HVDC systems present challenges in the specification and design of suitable dc side filtering. This document examines the existing experience and addresses the particular technical problems posed by multiterminal systems. The filtering requirements of small taps are discussed, as is the potential use of active filters. Aspects of calculation and design are considered and recommendations made to guide the planners and designers of future multiterminal schemes.

  7. Smoking Shelters FREQUENT DESTINATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adali, Tulay

    Sideling (SDL) B6 Pocomoke (POC) B6 Manokin (MAN) B6 Patuxent (PTX) C6 Elk (ELK) C6 Deep Creek (DPC) C6 Casselman (CAS) C6 Breton (BRE) C6 West Hill Apartments Severn (SEV) C5 Chester (CHS) C4 Wye (WYE) C4 PLANT TERRACE APARTMENTS HILLSIDE APARTMENTS WEST HILL APARTMENTS CHILD CARE CENTER ERICKSON HALL HARBOR

  8. Family Shelter Planning.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Laura J.; Riney, Bobye J.

    1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1962. ACKNOWLEDGMENT Acknowledgment is given to Bill Davis, Region V, Office of Civil Defense; Tommy G. Hollmig, rural civil defense specialist and W. S. Allen, Agricultural engineer, Texas Agricultural Extension Service. Certain information...

  9. Searching for shelter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gutierrez, Frederick Martin

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Architecture is born out of a need for the re-definition and intensification of t he existing physical landscape. An architects services respond and re-define culture and can never be legitimized by the want of form. ...

  10. Cathode side hardware for carbonate fuel cells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Xu, Gengfu (Danbury, CT); Yuh, Chao-Yi (New Milford, CT)

    2011-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Carbonate fuel cathode side hardware having a thin coating of a conductive ceramic formed from one of Perovskite AMeO.sub.3, wherein A is at least one of lanthanum and a combination of lanthanum and strontium and Me is one or more of transition metals, lithiated NiO (Li.sub.xNiO, where x is 0.1 to 1) and X-doped LiMeO.sub.2, wherein X is one of Mg, Ca, and Co.

  11. Demand-Side Response from Industrial Loads

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Starke, Michael R [ORNL; Alkadi, Nasr E [ORNL; Letto, Daryl [Enbala Power Networks; Johnson, Brandon [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Dowling, Kevin [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); George, Raoule [Enbala Power Networks; Khan, Saqib [University of Texas, Austin

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Through a research study funded by the Department of Energy, Smart Grid solutions company ENBALA Power Networks along with the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have geospatially quantified the potential flexibility within industrial loads to leverage their inherent process storage to help support the management of the electricity grid. The study found that there is an excess of 12 GW of demand-side load flexibility available in a select list of top industrial facilities in the United States. Future studies will expand on this quantity of flexibility as more in-depth analysis of different industries is conducted and demonstrations are completed.

  12. Side Stream Filtration for Cooling Towers

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideo »UsageSecretary of EnergyFocus GroupSherrell R. Greene AboutSide Stream

  13. South Side Electric, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt LtdShawangunk, NewSingaporeSonixInformation ParkRiver ElecSouth Side

  14. Probing the Proton's Weak Side | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible forPortsmouth/Paducah47,193.70 Hg Mercury 35 Br BromineProbing the Proton's Weak Side

  15. Low-Interest Loans for Customer-Side Distributed Resources

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Long-term financing is available to retail end-use customers for the installation of customer-side distributed resources. Customer-side distributed resources are defined by Conn. Gen. Stat. § 16-1...

  16. Forord side 2 Neutroner i samfundets tjeneste isotopteknik og isotopforskning i Danmark side 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    isotopforskning i Danmark side 4 Hellere nr. 1 pĺ Isotoplaboratoriet end nr. 2 i Direktionen - et for universiteter, hospitaler og industrivirksomheder i Danmark, har omrĺdet nćsten altid vćret blandt de mere villet dokumentere arbejdskulturen ved den store reaktor DR3, der var en af det industrielle Danmarks

  17. Industrial demand side management: A status report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hopkins, M.F.; Conger, R.L.; Foley, T.J. [and others

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report provides an overview of and rationale for industrial demand side management (DSM) programs. Benefits and barriers are described, and data from the Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey are used to estimate potential energy savings in kilowatt hours. The report presents types and examples of programs and explores elements of successful programs. Two in-depth case studies (from Boise Cascade and Eli Lilly and Company) illustrate two types of effective DSM programs. Interviews with staff from state public utility commissions indicate the current thinking about the status and future of industrial DSM programs. A comprehensive bibliography is included, technical assistance programs are listed and described, and a methodology for evaluating potential or actual savings from projects is delineated.

  18. Qualitative and Quantitative Assessment of Nuclear Materials Contained in High-Activity Waste Arising from the Operations at the 'SHELTER' Facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cherkas, Dmytro

    2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As a result of the nuclear accident at the Chernobyl NPP in 1986, the explosion dispeesed nuclear materials contained in the nuclear fuel of the reactor core over the destroyed facilities at Unit No. 4 and over the territory immediately adjacent to the destroyed unit. The debris was buried under the Cascade Wall. Nuclear materials at the SHELTER can be characterized as spent nuclear fuel, fresh fuel assemblies (including fuel assemblies with damaged geometry and integrity, and individual fuel elements), core fragments of the Chernobyl NPP Unit No. 4, finely-dispersed fuel (powder/dust), uranium and plutonium compounds in water solutions, and lava-like nuclear fuel-containing masses. The new safe confinement (NSC) is a facility designed to enclose the Chernobyl NPP Unit No. 4 destroyed by the accident. Construction of the NSC involves excavating operations, which are continuously monitored including for the level of radiation. The findings of such monitoring at the SHELTER site will allow us to characterize the recovered radioactive waste. When a process material categorized as high activity waste (HAW) is detected the following HLW management operations should be involved: HLW collection; HLW fragmentation (if appropriate); loading HAW into the primary package KT-0.2; loading the primary package filled with HAW into the transportation cask KTZV-0.2; and storing the cask in temporary storage facilities for high-level solid waste. The CDAS system is a system of 3He tubes for neutron coincidence counting, and is designed to measure the percentage ratio of specific nuclear materials in a 200-liter drum containing nuclear material intermixed with a matrix. The CDAS consists of panels with helium counter tubes and a polyethylene moderator. The panels are configured to allow one to position a waste-containing drum and a drum manipulator. The system operates on the ‘add a source’ basis using a small Cf-252 source to identify irregularities in the matrix during an assay. The platform with the source is placed under the measurement chamber. The platform with the source material is moved under the measurement chamber. The design allows one to move the platform with the source in and out, thus moving the drum. The CDAS system and radioactive waste containers have been built. For each drum filled with waste two individual measurements (passive/active) will be made. This paper briefly describes the work carried out to assess qualitatively and quantitatively the nuclear materials contained in high-level waste at the SHELTER facility. These efforts substantially increased nuclear safety and security at the facility.

  19. An exploration of the effectiveness of artificial mini-magnetospheres as a potential Solar Storm shelter for long term human space missions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bamford, Ruth; Bradford, John; Todd, Tom N; Stafford-Allen, Robin; Alves, E Paulo; Silva, Luis; Collingwood, Cheryl; Crawford, Ian A; Bingham, Robert

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we explore the effectiveness of an artificial mini-magnetosphere as a potential radiation shelter for long term human space missions. Our study includes the differences that the plasma environment makes to the efficiency of the shielding from the high energy charged particle component of solar and cosmic rays, which radically alters the power requirements. The incoming electrostatic charges are shielded by fields supported by the self captured environmental plasma of the solar wind, potentially augmented with additional density. The artificial magnetic field generated on board acts as the means of confinement and control. Evidence for similar behaviour of electromagnetic fields and ionised particles in interplanetary space can be gained by the example of the enhanced shielding effectiveness of naturally occurring "mini-magnetospheres" on the moon. The shielding effect of surface magnetic fields of the order of ~100s nanoTesla is sufficient to provide effective shielding from solar proton bombard...

  20. Incentives for demand-side management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reid, M.W.; Brown, J.B. (Barakat and Chamberlin, Inc., Oakland, CA (United States))

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is the first product of an ongoing project to monitor the efforts of states to remove regulatory barriers to, and provide financial incentives for, utility investment in demand-side management (DSM) resources. The project was commissioned by the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) in response to growing interest among regulators for a comprehensive survey of developments in this area. Each state report beings with an overview of the state's progress toward removing regulatory barriers and providing incentives for DSM. Information is organized under five headings: status; IRP regulations and practice; current treatment of DSM, directions and trends; commission contact person. Where applicable, each overview is followed by one or more sections that report on specific incentive proposals or mechanisms within the state. Information on each proposal or mechanism is organized under eight headings. A notation on each page identifies the utility or other group associated with the proposal or mechanism. The eight headings are as follows: status; background; treatment of cost recovery; treatment of lost revenues/decoupling; treatment of profitability; other features; issues, and additional observations.

  1. Incentives for demand-side management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reid, M.W.; Brown, J.B. [Barakat and Chamberlin, Inc., Oakland, CA (United States)] [Barakat and Chamberlin, Inc., Oakland, CA (United States)

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is the first product of an ongoing project to monitor the efforts of states to remove regulatory barriers to, and provide financial incentives for, utility investment in demand-side management (DSM) resources. The project was commissioned by the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) in response to growing interest among regulators for a comprehensive survey of developments in this area. Each state report beings with an overview of the state`s progress toward removing regulatory barriers and providing incentives for DSM. Information is organized under five headings: status; IRP regulations and practice; current treatment of DSM, directions and trends; commission contact person. Where applicable, each overview is followed by one or more sections that report on specific incentive proposals or mechanisms within the state. Information on each proposal or mechanism is organized under eight headings. A notation on each page identifies the utility or other group associated with the proposal or mechanism. The eight headings are as follows: status; background; treatment of cost recovery; treatment of lost revenues/decoupling; treatment of profitability; other features; issues, and additional observations.

  2. Load-side Demand Management in Buildings using Controlled Electric Springs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soni, Jayantika; Krishnanand, KR; Panda, Sanjib

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The concept of demand-side management for electricand simulation of demand-side management potential in urbanin smart grids, demand side management has been a keen topic

  3. Double sided circuit board and a method for its manufacture

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lindenmeyer, C.W.

    1988-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Conductance between the sides of a large double sided printed circuit board is provided using a method which eliminates the need for chemical immersion or photographic exposure of the entire large board. A plurality of through-holes are drilled or punched in a substratum according to the desired pattern, conductive laminae are made to adhere to both sides of the substratum covering the holes and the laminae are pressed together and permanently joined within the holes, providing conductive paths. 4 figs.

  4. additional side chain: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Websites Summary: FRUIT... 249 TOSSED GREEN SIDE SALAD... 299 SOUP OR SALAD & 12 TURKEY Wrap... 599 boneless CHICKEN Onion, with Blue Cheese Dressing HOUSEMADE TURKEY...

  5. acute side effects: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (free cooling... Shami, U. F. 1996-01-01 290 Incorporating side information into probabilistic matrix factorization using Gaussian Processes Edinburgh, University of - Research...

  6. Research Needs: Glass Solar Reflectance and Vinyl Siding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart, Robert

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    properties of reflected solar radiation from glass surfaces,transfer at the siding surface. Direct solar radiation tosiding, reflected solar radiation from nearby surfaces,

  7. Cleanup Verification Package for the 118-F-8:4 Fuel Storage Basin West Side Adjacent and Side Slope Soils

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    L. D. Habel

    2008-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    This cleanup verification package documents completion of remedial action, sampling activities, and compliance with cleanup criteria for the 118-F-8:4 Fuel Storage Basin West Side Adjacent and Side Slope Soils. The rectangular-shaped concrete basin on the south side of the 105-F Reactor building served as an underwater collection, storage, and transfer facility for irradiated fuel elements discharged from the reactor.

  8. Generic Side-Channel Distinguishers: Improvements and Limitations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to the application of side-channel analysis against emerging cryptographic imple- mentations. First, we describe. On the industrial side, security against such attacks is now required to reach high certification levels be large. Hence, profiled and non-profiled attacks are complementary and shed a different light

  9. Load-side Demand Management in Buildings using Controlled Electric Springs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soni, Jayantika; Krishnanand, KR; Panda, Sanjib

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Load-side Demand Management in Buildings using Controlleddemand side management has been a keen topic of interest. Buildings,

  10. Research Needs: Glass Solar Reflectance and Vinyl Siding

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hart, Robert; Curcija, Charlie; Arasteh, Dariush; Goudey, Howdy; Kohler, Christian; Selkowitz, Stephen

    2011-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The subject of glass solar reflectance and its contribution to permanent vinyl siding distortion has not been extensively studied, and some phenomena are not yet well understood. This white paper presents what is known regarding the issue and identifies where more research is needed. Three primary topics are discussed: environmental factors that control the transfer of heat to and from the siding surface; vinyl siding properties that may affect heat build-up and permanent distortion; and factors that determine the properties of reflected solar radiation from glass surfaces, including insulating window glass. Further research is needed to fully characterize the conditions associated with siding distortion, the scope of the problem, physical properties of vinyl siding, insulating window glass reflection characteristics, and possible mitigation or prevention strategies.

  11. Demand Side Dispatching, Part 2: An Industrial Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nath, R.; Cerget, D. A.; Henderson, E. T.

    DEMAND SIDE DISPATCHING, Part 2: AN INDUSTRIAL APPUCATION Ravi Nath Donald A. Cerget Edward T. Henderson Sr. Consultant Sr. Account Executive Sr. Engineer Linnhoff March, Inc. Detroit Edison Detroit Edison Houston, TX Detroit, M1 Detroit, M1...

  12. U.S. electric utility demand-side management 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents comprehensive information on electric power industry demand-side management activities in the United States at the national, regional, and utility levels. Data is included for energy savings, peakload reductions, and costs.

  13. Triptycene side unit effects on compressive yield strength in polycarbonates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraser, Douglas (Douglas H.)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Polycarbonates have long been studied for their excellent mechanical toughness. Adding side units to polycarbonate could increase physical properties of the polymer. The role of triptycene in polycarbonate was studied by ...

  14. Optimizing Electric Humidifier Operation with an Air Side Economizer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shami, U. F.

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Air side economizer cycle is a control scheme that is often used in WAC systems to reduce cooling energy consumption by introducing variable quantities of ambient air into a conditioned space to satisfy the space cooling load (free cooling...

  15. Emerging Technologies for Industrial Demand-Side Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neely, J. E.; Kasprowicz, L. M.

    Demand-side management (DSM) is a set of actions taken by an electric utility to influence the electricity usage by a customer. Typical DSM activities include rebates for higher efficiency appliances and discounted electric rates for electric...

  16. Demand-Side and Supply-Side Load Management: Optimizing with Thermal Energy Storage (TES) for the Restructuring Energy Marketplace

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrepont, J. S.

    -side regarding power generation. Thermal Energy Storage (TES) can provide the flexibility essential to the economical management of power. In large industrial applications, the added value of TES has been demonstrated, not only in managing operating costs...

  17. Review of Strategies and Technologies for Demand-Side Management on Isolated Mini-Grids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harper, Meg

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Technologies for Demand-Side Management on Isolated Mini-technologies used for demand- side management (DSM) on mini-can provide additional demand-side management based on the

  18. U.S. electric utility demand-side management 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Electric Utility Demand-Side Management report is prepared by the Coal and Electric Data and Renewables Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternative Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. The report presents comprehensive information on electric power industry demand-side management (DSM) activities in the US at the national, regional, and utility levels. The objective of the publication is to provide industry decision makers, government policy makers, analysts, and the general public with historical data that may be used in understanding DSM as it relates to the US electric power industry. The first chapter, ``Profile: US Electric Utility Demand-Side Management``, presents a general discussion of DSM, its history, current issues, and a review of key statistics for the year. Subsequent chapters present discussions and more detailed data on energy savings, peak load reductions and costs attributable to DSM. 9 figs., 24 tabs.

  19. U.S. electric utility demand-side management 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Electric Utility Demand-Side Management report presents comprehensive information on electric power industry demand-side management (DSM) activities in the US at the national, regional, and utility levels. The objective of the publication is to provide industry decision makers, government policy makers, analysts, and the general public with historical data that may be used in understanding DSM as it related to the US electric power industry. The first chapter, ``Profile: U.S. Electric Utility Demand-Side Management,`` presents a general discussion of DSM, its history, current issues, and a review of key statistics for the year. Subsequent chapters present discussions and more detailed data on energy savings, peak load reductions and costs attributable to DSM. 9 figs., 24 tabs.

  20. US electric utility demand-side management, 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The report presents comprehensive information on electric power industry demand-side management (DSM) activities in US at the national, regional, and utility levels. Objective is provide industry decision makers, government policy makers, analysts, and the general public with historical data that may be used in understanding DSM as it relates to the US electric power industry. The first chapter, ``Profile: US Electric Utility Demand-Side Management,`` presents a general discussion of DSM, its history, current issues, and a review of key statistics for the year. Subsequent chapters present discussions and more detailed data on energy savings, peak load reductions, and costs attributable to DSM.

  1. Side Stream Filtration for Cooling Towers | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideo »UsageSecretary of EnergyFocus GroupSherrell R. Greene AboutSide StreamSide

  2. Double-Sided Cooling Design for Novel Planar Module

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ning, Puqi [ORNL; Liang, Zhenxian [ORNL; Marlino, Laura D [ORNL; Wang, Fei [ORNL

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A novel packaging structure for medium power modules featuring power semiconductor switches sandwiched between two symmetric substrates that fulfill electrical conduction and insulation functions is presented. Large bonding areas between dies and substrates allow this packaging technology to offer significant improvements in electrical, thermal performance. Double-sided cooling system was dedicatedly analyzed and designed for different applications.

  3. Uncovering Facebook Side Channels and User Attitudes Rutgers University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Rebecca N.

    Uncovering Facebook Side Channels and User Attitudes Sai Lu Rutgers University sl914@cs.wright@rutgers.edu Abstract--Over the course of the last decade, Facebook has become an incredibly popular social networking site, reporting around a billion visitors monthly. Like any social networking site, Facebook's design

  4. Continued on other side Mission of an Engaged Museum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Continued on other side Mission of an Engaged Museum The Michigan State University (MSU) Museum-grant university museum, this commitment to society is met through education, exhibitions, research and the world beyond. About the MSU Museum The Museum is the state's natural history and culture museum

  5. pV3 Programmer's Guide Client Side & Concentrator Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peraire, Jaime

    pV3 Programmer's Guide Rev. 2.05 Client Side & Concentrator Programming Bob Haimes Massachusetts.I.T., and USER agrees to preserve same. 2 #12;Contents 1 Introduction 6 2 pV3 in the Message Passing Environment 7 2.1 Using PVM Message Passing with the Simulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2.2 pV

  6. Research Needs: Glass Solar Reflectance and Vinyl Siding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .S. for residential buildings. To meet IECC's U-factor and solar heat gain coefficient (SHGC) requirements insulatingLBNL-5022E Research Needs: Glass Solar Reflectance and Vinyl Siding Authors: R. Hart*, C. Curcija of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would

  7. Gas compressor with side branch absorber for pulsation control

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Harris, Ralph E. (San Antonio, TX); Scrivner, Christine M. (San Antonio, TX); Broerman, III, Eugene L. (San Antonio, TX)

    2011-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and system for reducing pulsation in lateral piping associated with a gas compressor system. A tunable side branch absorber (TSBA) is installed on the lateral piping. A pulsation sensor is placed in the lateral piping, to measure pulsation within the piping. The sensor output signals are delivered to a controller, which controls actuators that change the acoustic dimensions of the SBA.

  8. Emerging Technologies for Industrial Demand-Side Management 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neely, J. E.; Kasprowicz, L. M.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    as demand-side management strategies for industrial consumers of electricity. An alternative strategy to replacing aging electric motors with high efficiency or ASD motors is a turbine let-down. A turbine letdown is a turbine which uses pressure reduction...

  9. National Chemistry Week Theme: "Candy: The Sweet Side of Chemistry"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephens, Jacqueline

    National Chemistry Week Theme: "Candy: The Sweet Side of Chemistry" Super Science Saturday Saturday-on chemistry and science demonstrations! All students & families are welcome! Fun & educational for all ages! Sponsored by: American Chemical Society LSU Department of Chemistry LSU Athletic Department Free admission

  10. Post-Mubarak Egypt: The Dark Side of Islamic Utopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anat, Maril,

    23 Post-Mubarak Egypt: The Dark Side of Islamic Utopia Robert S. Wistrich Robert S. Wistrich victor in the first two rounds of the democratic elections currently taking place in post-Mubarak Egypt. Though they did not initiate the wider popular movement toward democracy, the Islamist forces in Egypt

  11. Fault and Side-Channel Attacks on Pairing Based Cryptography ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    such devices will be carried into and used in hostile environments and often house sensitive information devices need to be aware of similar problems in their operational environments. We can extend this passive information as passive attacks. Although side-channel attack and defence techniques are becoming increas

  12. A Demand-Side Management Experience in Existing Building Commissioning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franconi, E.; Selch, M.; Bradford, J.; Gruen, B.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of a suite of demand-side management (DSM) program offerings, Xcel Energy provides a recommissioning program to its Colorado commercial customers. The program has a summer peak-demand savings goal of 7.8 MW to be achieved by 2005. Commenced...

  13. Process and Data: Two Sides of the Same Coin?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulm, Universität

    1 of 54 Process and Data: Two Sides of the Same Coin? Manfred Reichert University of Ulm Databases Agenda Backgrounds Data as Driver of Large Processes Object-Aware Processes The PHILharmonic Acquisition Modality RIS HIS PACS Page 3 Backgrounds Process-Aware Information System (PAIS) © M. Reichert

  14. An MILP Formulation for Load-Side Demand Control Zhonghui Luo, Ratnesh Kumar*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, Ratnesh

    Demand control systems can be divided functionally into supply-side and load-side control/management systems. Supply-side demand management systems, implemented by the utilities, choose between maintainingAn MILP Formulation for Load-Side Demand Control Zhonghui Luo, Ratnesh Kumar* , Joseph Sottile

  15. MHD channel gas-side element erosion-corrosion studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pollina, R.J.; Simpsom, W. (Avco-Everett Research Lab., Inc., Everett, MA (USA)); Farrar, L.C. (Montec Associates, Inc., Butte, MT (USA))

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The problems connected with gas side corrosion for the design of the 1A4 channel hardware are explored and the authors present the results to date of gas side wear rate tests in the Mark 7 facility. They show that the proposed designs meet a 2000 hour lifetime criterion based upon materials test results. They also show the improvement in cathode lifetime obtained with lower voltage intercathode gaps. Finally the authors discuss the corrosion of these materials and show how lifetimes are dependent upon gap voltage and average metal temperature. The final choice of materials is determined primarily by the outcome of these tests and also by the question of the manufacturability of the prospective designs. 6 figs., 6 tabs.

  16. Paying for demand-side response at the wholesale level

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Falk, Jonathan

    2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The recent FERC Notice of Public Rulemaking regarding the payment to demand-side resources in wholesale markets has engendered a great deal of comments including FERC's obligation to ensure just and reasonable rates in the wholesale market and criteria for what FERC should do (on grounds of economic efficiency) without any real focus on what that commitment would really mean if FERC actually pursued it. (author)

  17. EDM, Axions, AxionEDM, Axions, Axion--Like ParticlesLike Particles, and, and TheThe Dark SideDark SideTheThe Dark SideDark Side

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pines, Alexander

    EDM, Axions, AxionEDM, Axions, Axion--Like ParticlesLike Particles, and, and TheThe Dark Side EDM · Proposed search for cosmic domains of A i Lik P i lAxion Like Particles 3 CP violation workshop 2013 #12;10-12 · Introduced to solve strong CP problem in QCD: · why is n-EDM so small?y · Axions may

  18. Demand Side Management (DSM) Through Absorption Refrigeration Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chao, P. Y.; Shukla, D.; Amarnath, A.; Mergens, E.

    DEMAND SIDE MANAGEMENT (DSM) TIIROUGH ABSORPTION REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS Peter Y. Chao, PhD, Deepak Shukla, PhD, Sr. Process Engineers, TENSA Services, Inc. Ammi Amarnath, Sr. Project Manager, Electrical Power Research Institute Ed. Mergens.... They are Peak Clipping, Valley filling, Load Shifting, Strategic Conservation, Strategic Load Growth, and Flexible Load Shaping. Absorption Refrigeration from waste heat offers a viable option for DSM. This will either reduce the peak load (peak clipping...

  19. Deploying Server-side File System Monitoring at NERSC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Uselton, Andrew

    2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Franklin Cray XT4 at the NERSC center was equipped with the server-side I/O monitoring infrastructure Cerebro/LMT, which is described here in detail. Insights gained from the data produced include a better understanding of instantaneous data rates during file system testing, file system behavior during regular production time, and long-term average behaviors. Information and insights gleaned from this monitoring support efforts to proactively manage the I/O infrastructure on Franklin. A simple model for I/O transactions is introduced and compared with the 250 million observations sent to the LMT database from August 2008 to February 2009.

  20. Construction of a Demand Side Plant with Thermal Energy Storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michel, M.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in num- ber. Wind and solar power hold promise for some day in the future, but they are generally not cost effective today with the exception of remote, off-grid locations. They are also not the most reliable forms of electrical genera- tion. One...- tion of new technologies and/or changes in be- havior. This is generally acceptable to regu- lators and provides a means for the utilities to meet their requirement to provide reliable service to their customer base. At the same time, demand side...

  1. Draft Chapter 3: Demand-Side Resources | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011AT&T,Office of Policy,Policy ActDetroit7471 FederalDonnaDraft3: Demand-Side Resources

  2. Photovoltaics for demand-side management: Opportunities for early commercialization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Byrne, J.; Letendre, S.; Govindarajalu, C.; Wang, Y.D. [Univ. of Delaware, Newark, DE (United States). Center for Energy and Environmental Policy; Nigro, R. [Delmarva Power, Newark, DE (United States); Wallace, W. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently, interest in utilizing photovoltaics (PV) in a demand-side management (DSM) role has been increasing. Research has shown that many utilities across the US have a good match between peak loads and the availability of the solar resource. Maximum value for PV in DSM applications can be achieved by incorporating a dispatching capability to PV systems (through the addition of storage). This enables utilities to evaluate PV systems as a peak-shaving technology. To date, peak-shaving has been a high-value DSM application for US utilities. The authors analysis of the value of dispatchable PV-DSM systems indicates that small-scale, customer-sited systems are approaching competitive cost levels in several regions of the US that have favorable load matching and high demand charges. This paper presents the results of an economic analysis for high-value PV-DSM systems located in the service territories of five case study utilities. The results suggest that PV is closer to commercialization when viewed as a DSM technology relative to analyses that focus on the technology as a supply-side option.

  3. Maximizing Energy Savings Reliability in BC Hydro Industrial Demand-side Management Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victoria, University of

    Maximizing Energy Savings Reliability in BC Hydro Industrial Demand-side Management Programs Supervisory Committee Maximizing Energy Savings Reliability in BC Hydro Industrial Demand-side Management of Environmental Studies) Departmental Member For energy utilities faced with expanded jurisdictional energy

  4. Los Alamos Lab to perform slope-side cleanup near Smith's Marketplace

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Los Alamos Lab to perform slope-side cleanup near Smith's Marketplace Los Alamos National Laboratory to perform slope-side cleanup near Smith's Marketplace The Lab is performing a...

  5. Protein side-chain placement: probabilistic inference and integer programming methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Eun-Jong

    The prediction of energetically favorable side-chain conformations is a fundamental element in homology modeling of proteins and the design of novel protein sequences. The space of side-chain conformations can be approximated ...

  6. Squeezing the Sandwich: A Mobile Pressure-Sensitive Two-Sided Multi-Touch Prototype

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .rohs,sven.kratz}@telekom.de ABSTRACT Two-sided pressure input is common in everyday interac- tions such as grabbing, sliding, twistingSqueezing the Sandwich: A Mobile Pressure-Sensitive Two-Sided Multi-Touch Prototype Georg Essl1,2 1 which allows for two- sided multitouch sensing with continuous pressure input at interactive rates

  7. Predictive Modeling for Glass-Side Laser Scribing of Thin Film Photovoltaic Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Y. Lawrence

    with reduced thermal effect. Film side laser scribing is governed by heating, melting and vaporizing of selective films. Glass side laser scribing is a thermal-mechanical process which involves stress inducedPredictive Modeling for Glass-Side Laser Scribing of Thin Film Photovoltaic Cells Hongliang Wang

  8. Cytochrome c maturation system on the negative side of bioenergetic membranes: CCB or System IV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MINIREVIEW Cytochrome c maturation system on the negative side of bioenergetic membranes: CCB versions (i.e. Systems I­III) are found on the positive side of bioenergetic mem- branes in different on the positive (or p) side of bioenergetic membranes (bacte- rial periplasm, chloroplast lumen and mitochondrial

  9. Division of IT Convergence Engineering Optimal Demand-Side Energy Management Under

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boutaba, Raouf

    Division of IT Convergence Engineering Optimal Demand-Side Energy Management Under Real-time Demand of appliance specific adapters. Designed and implemented GHS Modeled the demand-side energy management problem (NP-hard) Designed a scheduling algorithm for demand side energy management Showed that our

  10. CSEM WP 165R Demand-Side Management and Energy Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auffhammer, Maximilian

    CSEM WP 165R Demand-Side Management and Energy Efficiency Revisited Maximilian Auffhammer, Carl, California 94720-5180 www.ucei.org #12;Demand-Side Management and Energy Efficiency Revisited Maximilian associated with energy efficiency demand side management (DSM) programs. This claim is based on point

  11. Managing Sustainable Demand-side Infrastructure for Power System Ancillary Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victoria, University of

    Managing Sustainable Demand-side Infrastructure for Power System Ancillary Services by Simon Sustainable Demand-side Infrastructure for Power System Ancillary Services by Simon Christopher Parkinson B highly-distributed sustainable demand- side infrastructure, in the form of heat pumps, electric vehicles

  12. A Coinductive Calculus for Asynchronous Side-effecting Processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goncharov, Sergey

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an abstract framework for concurrent processes in which atomic steps have generic side effects, handled according to the principle of monadic encapsulation of effects. Processes in this framework are potentially infinite resumptions, modelled using final coalgebras over the monadic base. As a calculus for such processes, we introduce a concurrent extension of Moggi's monadic metalanguage of effects. We establish soundness and completeness of a natural equational axiomatisation of this calculus. Moreover, we identify a corecursion scheme that is explicitly definable over the base language and provides flexible expressive means for the definition of new operators on processes, such as parallel composition. As a worked example, we prove the safety of a generic mutual exclusion scheme using a verification logic built on top of the equational calculus.

  13. Send-side matching of data communications messages

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Archer, Charles J.; Blocksome, Michael A.; Ratterman, Joseph D.; Smith, Brian E.

    2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Send-side matching of data communications messages includes a plurality of compute nodes organized for collective operations, including: issuing by a receiving node to source nodes a receive message that specifies receipt of a single message to be sent from any source node, the receive message including message matching information, a specification of a hardware-level mutual exclusion device, and an identification of a receive buffer; matching by two or more of the source nodes the receive message with pending send messages in the two or more source nodes; operating by one of the source nodes having a matching send message the mutual exclusion device, excluding messages from other source nodes with matching send messages and identifying to the receiving node the source node operating the mutual exclusion device; and sending to the receiving node from the source node operating the mutual exclusion device a matched pending message.

  14. Plugging Side-Channel Leaks with Timing Information Flow Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ford, Bryan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The cloud model's dependence on massive parallelism and resource sharing exacerbates the security challenge of timing side-channels. Timing Information Flow Control (TIFC) is a novel adaptation of IFC techniques that may offer a way to reason about, and ultimately control, the flow of sensitive information through systems via timing channels. With TIFC, objects such as files, messages, and processes carry not just content labels describing the ownership of the object's "bits," but also timing labels describing information contained in timing events affecting the object, such as process creation/termination or message reception. With two system design tools-deterministic execution and pacing queues-TIFC enables the construction of "timing-hardened" cloud infrastructure that permits statistical multiplexing, while aggregating and rate-limiting timing information leakage between hosted computations.

  15. Oscillating side-branch enhancements of thermoacoustic heat exchangers

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Swift, Gregory W.

    2003-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

    A regenerator-based engine or refrigerator has a regenerator with two ends at two different temperatures, through which a gas oscillates at a first oscillating volumetric flow rate in the direction between the two ends and in which the pressure of the gas oscillates, and first and second heat exchangers, each of which is at one of the two different temperatures. A dead-end side branch into which the gas oscillates has compliance and is connected adjacent to one of the ends of the regenerator to form a second oscillating gas flow rate additive with the first oscillating volumetric flow rate, the compliance having a volume effective to provide a selected total oscillating gas volumetric flow rate through the first heat exchanger. This configuration enables the first heat exchanger to be configured and located to better enhance the performance of the heat exchanger rather than being confined to the location and configuration of the regenerator.

  16. Modelling the optically dark side of high--redshift galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Guiderdoni

    1998-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The recent detection of the Cosmic Infrared Background in FIRAS and DIRBE residuals, and the observations of IR/submm sources by the ISOPHOT and SCUBA instruments have shed new light on the optically dark side of galaxy formation. It turns out that our view on the deep universe has been so far biassed towards optically bright galaxies. We now know that a significant fraction of galaxy/star formation in the universe is hidden by dust shrouds. In this paper, we introduce a new modelling of galaxy formation and evolution that provides us with specific predictions in the IR/submm wavebands. These predictions are compared with the current status of the observations. Finally, the future all-sky and deep surveys with the PLANCK and FIRST missions are briefly described.

  17. Opportunities and prospects for demand-side efficiency improvements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuliasha, M.A.

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Substantial progress has been made over the last 20 years in improving energy efficiency in all sectors of the US economy. Although there remains a large potential for further efficiency gains, progress in improving energy efficiency has slowed recently. A combination of low energy prices, environmental challenges, and life-style changes have caused energy consumption to resume rising. Both new policies and technologies will be necessary to achieve cost-effective levels of energy efficiency. This paper describes some of the promising new demand-side technologies that are currently being implemented, nearing commercialization, or in advanced stages of development. The topics discussed include finding replacements for chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), new building equipment and envelope technologies, lessons learned about conservation program implementation, and the role of utilities in promoting the efficient use of energy.

  18. Brominated Sorbents for Small Cold-Side ESPs, Hot-Side ESPs and Fly Ash Use in Concrete

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ronald Landreth

    2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the work conducted from September 16, 2005 through December 31, 2008 on the project entitled �Brominated Sorbents for Small Cold-Side ESPs, Hot-Side ESPs and Fly Ash Use in Concrete�. The project covers testing at three host sites: Progress Energy H.F. Lee Station and the Midwest Generation Crawford and Will County Stations. At Progress Energy Lee 1, parametric tests were performed both with and without SO{sub 3} injection in order to determine the impact on the mercury sorbent performance. In addition, tests were performed on the hot-side of the air preheater, before the SO{sub 3} is injected, with H-PAC� sorbents designed for use at elevated temperatures. The BPAC� injection provided the expected mercury removal when the SO{sub 3} injection was off. A mercury removal rate due to sorbent of more than 80% was achieved at an injection rate of 8 lb/MMacf. The operation with SO{sub 3} injection greatly reduced the mercury sorbent performance. An important learning came from the injection of H-PAC� on the hot-side of the air preheater before the SO{sub 3} injection location. The H-PAC� injected in this manner appeared to be independent of the SO{sub 3} injection and provided better mercury removal than with injecting on the cold-side with SO{sub 3} injection. Consequently, one solution for plants like Lee, with SO{sub 3} injection, or plants with SO{sub 3} generated by the SCR catalyst, is to inject H-PAC� on the hot-side before the SO{sub 3} is in the flue gas. Even better performance is possible by injecting on the cold-side without the SO{sub 3}, however. During the parametric testing, it was discovered that the injection of B-PAC� (or H-PAC�) was having a positive impact upon ESP performance. It was decided to perform a 3-day continuous injection run with B-PAC� in order to determine whether Lee 1 could operate without SO{sub 3} injection. If the test proved positive, the continuous injection would continue as part of the long-term test. The injection of B-PAC� did allow for the operation of Lee 1 without SO{sub 3} injection and the long-term test was conducted from March 8 through April 7, 2006. The total mercury removal for the 30-day long-term test, excluding the first day when SO{sub 3} was injected and the last day when a plain PAC was used, averaged 85%. The achievement of 85% Hg removal over the 30 days longterm test is another milestone in the history of achievement of the Albemarle Environmental f/k/a Sorbent Technologies Corporation B-PAC� sorbent. A clear indication of the impact of B-PAC� on opacity came at the end of the long-term test. It was hoped that Lee 1 could be operated for several days after the end of the long-term test. It took less than a day before the opacity began to increase. The discovery that B-PAC� can improve ESP performance while capturing a large amount of mercury is another milestone for the B-PAC� mercury sorbent. The parametric testing at the Midwest Generation Crawford Station was divided into two phases; the first using C-PAC�, the concrete friendly sorbent, and the other using nonconcrete friendly materials. The first phase of the parametric tests was conducted before the long-term test. The second phase of the parametric testing was performed after the long-term test in order to avoid contaminating the fly ash containing the concrete friendly sorbents. The parametric test began with an injection rate of 1 lb/MMacf and, after a period to allow the mercury concentration to stabilize, the rate was increased to 3 lb/MMacf. The Hg removal for this test was about 60% due to sorbent and 69% total at the injection rate of 1 lb/MMacf and 80% due to sorbent and 84% total for the 3 lb/MMacf injection rate. The average total vapor phase mercury removal for the first 21 days of the long-term test was 82% at an injection rate o

  19. Evaluation of Side Stream Filtration Technology at Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boyd, Brian K.

    2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This technology evaluation was performed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and Oak Ridge National Laboratory on behalf of the Federal Energy Management Program. The objective was to quantify the benefits side stream filtration provides to a cooling tower system. The evaluation assessed the performance of an existing side stream filtration system at a cooling tower system at Oak Ridge National Laboratory’s Spallation Neutron Source research facility. This location was selected because it offered the opportunity for a side-by-side comparison of a system featuring side stream filtration and an unfiltered system.

  20. Method of controlling the side wall thickness of a turbine nozzle segment for improved cooling

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Burdgick, Steven Sebastian (Schenectady, NY)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A gas turbine nozzle segment has outer and inner bands and a vane extending therebetween. Each band has a side wall, a cover and an impingement plate between the cover and nozzle wall defining two cavities on opposite sides of the impingement plate. Cooling steam is supplied to one cavity for flow through apertures of the impingement plate to cool the nozzle wall. The side wall of the band has an inturned flange defining with the nozzle wall an undercut region. The outer surface of the side wall is provided with a step prior to welding the cover to the side wall. A thermal barrier coating is applied in the step and, after the cover is welded to the side wall, the side wall is finally machined to a controlled thickness removing all, some or none of the coating.

  1. Orientations of side chains and adsorbed liquid crystal molecules on a rubbed polyimide surface studied by optical second harmonic generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhuang, Xiaowei

    Orientations of side chains and adsorbed liquid crystal molecules on a rubbed polyimide surface on a rubbed side-chain polyimide surface. Both the side chains and the LC molecules appear to be well aligned

  2. Tunable, diode side-pumped Er: YAG laser

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hamilton, Charles E. (Bellevue, WA); Furu, Laurence H. (Modesto, CA)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A discrete-element Er:YAG laser, side pumped by a 220 Watt peak-power InGaAs diode array, generates >500 mWatts at 2.94 .mu.m, and is tunable over a 6 nm range near about 2.936 .mu.m. The oscillator is a plano-concave resonator consisting of a concave high reflector, a flat output coupler, a Er:YAG crystal and a YAG intracavity etalon, which serves as the tuning element. The cavity length is variable from 3 cm to 4 cm. The oscillator uses total internal reflection in the Er:YAG crystal to allow efficient coupling of the diode emission into the resonating modes of the oscillator. With the tuning element removed, the oscillator produces up to 1.3 Watts of average power at 2.94 .mu.m. The duty factor of the laser is 6.5% and the repetition rate is variable up to 1 kHz. This laser is useful for tuning to an atmospheric transmission window at 2.935 .mu.m (air wavelength). The laser is also useful as a spectroscopic tool because it can access several infrared water vapor transitions, as well as transitions in organic compounds. Other uses include medical applications (e.g., for tissue ablation and uses with fiber optic laser scalpels) and as part of industrial effluent monitoring systems.

  3. Bounded decision making and analytical biases in demand side management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Janda, K.B.

    1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Demand side management (DSM) programs across the United States commonly approach barriers to energy efficiency through technical/economic means and evaluate their impact through technical/economic analysis. To the extent that non-technical barriers exist and influence decision making, they complicate the expected capture of savings. Two utility DSM projects -- Pacific Gas and Electric`s Advanced Customer Technology Test for Maximum Energy Efficiency (ACT{sup 2}) and Bonneville Power Administration`s Energy Edge -- serve as case studies to illustrate how non-technical barriers to specific energy-efficiency measures (EEMs) can limit technical conservation potential. An analysis of rejected EEMs suggest that lessons about non-technical barriers to specific energy-efficiency measures (EEMs) can limit technical conservation potential. An analysis of rejected EEMs suggests that lessons about non-technical barriers may be lost or obscured because of the predominant focus on technical/economic criteria over social, institutional, or cultural constraints. These findings support the need for different evaluation methodologies and further social science research devoted to understanding the non-technical barriers confronted by DSM project participants.

  4. Tunable, diode side-pumped Er:YAG laser

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hamilton, C.E.; Furu, L.H.

    1997-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A discrete-element Er:YAG laser, side pumped by a 220 Watt peak-power InGaAs diode array, generates >500 mWatts at 2.94 {micro}m, and is tunable over a 6 nm range near about 2.936 {micro}m. The oscillator is a plano-concave resonator consisting of a concave high reflector, a flat output coupler, a Er:YAG crystal and a YAG intracavity etalon, which serves as the tuning element. The cavity length is variable from 3 cm to 4 cm. The oscillator uses total internal reflection in the Er:YAG crystal to allow efficient coupling of the diode emission into the resonating modes of the oscillator. With the tuning element removed, the oscillator produces up to 1.3 Watts of average power at 2.94 {micro}m. The duty factor of the laser is 6.5% and the repetition rate is variable up to 1 kHz. This laser is useful for tuning to an atmospheric transmission window at 2.935 {micro}m (air wavelength). The laser is also useful as a spectroscopic tool because it can access several infrared water vapor transitions, as well as transitions in organic compounds. Other uses include medical applications (e.g., for tissue ablation and uses with fiber optic laser scalpels) and as part of industrial effluent monitoring systems. 4 figs.

  5. Apparatus for impingement cooling a side wall adjacent an undercut region of a turbine nozzle segment

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Burdgick, Steven Sebastian (Schenectady, NY)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A gas turbine nozzle segment has outer and inner bands and vanes therebetween. Each band includes a side wall, a cover and an impingement plate between the cover and nozzle wall defining two cavities on opposite sides of the impingement plate. Cooling steam is supplied to one cavity for flow through apertures of the impingement plate to cool the nozzle wall. The side wall of the band and inturned flange define with the nozzle wall an undercut region. Slots are formed through the inturned flange along the nozzle side wall. A plate having through-apertures extending between opposite edges thereof is disposed in each slot, the slots and plates being angled such that the cooling medium exiting the apertures in the second cavity lie close to the side wall for focusing and targeting cooling medium onto the side wall.

  6. The 22nd International Photovoltaic Science and Engineering Conference, November 05-09, 2012, Hangzhou, China Front side degradation of silicon solar cells by rear side laser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    wafers without bow for further processing and module integration. [1,2] In this contribution we recombination rate beneath the contacts. A thermal oxide with a thickness of 150 nm serves as a rear side

  7. E-Print Network 3.0 - acid side-chain nmr Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Rutgers University Collection: Chemistry ; Biotechnology 4 The mechanism(s) of protein folding What is meant by mechanism Summary: marker, both for the backbone and the side...

  8. 588 IEEE SYSTEMS JOURNAL, VOL. 8, NO. 2, JUNE 2014 GTES: An Optimized Game-Theoretic Demand-Side

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stojmenovic, Ivan

    , Nei Kato, Fellow, IEEE, and Ivan Stojmenovic, Fellow, IEEE Abstract--Demand-side management in smart]­[4]. For the successful deployment of the smart grid, demand-side management or demand response [5]­[7] is crucial. Demand-side in the shape of loads of the utility company. While demand-side management aims at producing a change

  9. Near Optimal Demand-Side Energy Management Under Real-time Demand-Response Pricing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boutaba, Raouf

    Near Optimal Demand-Side Energy Management Under Real-time Demand-Response Pricing Jin Xiao, Jae--In this paper, we present demand-side energy manage- ment under real-time demand-response pricing as a task, demand-response, energy management I. INTRODUCTION The growing awareness of global climate change has

  10. A New Empirical Model for Predicting Single-Sided, Wind-Driven Natural Ventilation in Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Qingyan "Yan"

    A New Empirical Model for Predicting Single-Sided, Wind-Driven Natural Ventilation in Buildings-sided natural ventilation is difficult due to the bi-directional flow at the opening and the complex flow around buildings. A new empirical model was developed that can predict the mean ventilation rate and fluctuating

  11. Design analysis of single-sided natural ventilation Camille Allocca1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Qingyan "Yan"

    1 Design analysis of single-sided natural ventilation Camille Allocca1 , Qingyan Chen2,* , and Leon Purdue Mall, West Lafayette, IN 47907-2040, USA Abstract Natural ventilation is an effective measure-sided natural ventilation by using a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model, together with analytical

  12. Double Side Control of Wound Rotor Induction Machine for Wind Energy Application Employing Half Controlled

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lipo, Thomas

    the cost of a wind generator system, a new configuration using half controlled converters for both the required KVA rating of both machine side and line side converters, improves the efficiency of the wind generator, helps operating over a wide speed range and supports near unity power factor interface

  13. SSL/TLS Session-Aware User Authentication: A Lightweight Alternative to Client-Side Certificates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basin, David

    SSL/TLS Session-Aware User Authentication: A Lightweight Alternative to Client-Side Certificates E-Mail: basin@inf.ethz.ch Abstract Many SSL/TLS-based e-commerce applications employ traditional authentication mechanisms on the client side. These mechanisms--if decoupled from SSL/TLS session establishment

  14. Autonomous Demand Side Management Based on Game-Theoretic Energy Consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohsenian-Rad, Hamed

    Autonomous Demand Side Management Based on Game-Theoretic Energy Consumption Scheduling distributed demand side energy management strategy requires each user to simply apply its best response-average ratio of the total energy demand, the total energy costs, as well as each user's individual daily

  15. ECEEE 2005 SUMMER STUDY WHAT WORKS & WHO DELIVERS? 183 Local energy efficiency and demand-side

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ECEEE 2005 SUMMER STUDY ­ WHAT WORKS & WHO DELIVERS? 183 1,202 Local energy efficiency and demand be the basis for local energy policies and energy efficiency/demand-side management activities1, have been) activities in 1. DSM: Demand-Side Management; EE: energy efficiency (here, does not include renewable

  16. Modeling 3D animals from a side-view sketch Even Entema,b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barthe, LoĂŻc

    Modeling 3D animals from a side-view sketch Even Entema,b , Loic Barthea , Marie-Paule Canib. This paper tackles the problem of creating 3D models of animals from a single, side-view sketch. We use be an important step for generat- ing more lively virtual worlds. Animals are also among the models

  17. Tackling Co-existence and Fairness Challenges in Autonomous Demand Side Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohsenian-Rad, Hamed

    fulfilling the user's energy needs. The literature on DSM with smart pricing is extensive. One thread Side Management, Energy Consumption Scheduling, Co-existence, Fairness, Game Theory. I. INTRODUCTION the energy consumption at the consumer side of the meter [1]. One approach in DSM is direct load control (DLC

  18. On Coordinating Electricity Markets: Smart Power Scheduling for Demand Side Management and Economic Dispatch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yiling

    On Coordinating Electricity Markets: Smart Power Scheduling for Demand Side Management and Economic;On Coordinating Electricity Markets: Smart Power Scheduling for Demand Side Management and Economic Dispatch Abstract Information asymmetry in retail electricity markets is one of the largest sources of inef

  19. Photoalignment of nematic liquid crystal on polyamic-acid-based soluble polyimide with no side fragments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reznikov, Yuri

    Photoalignment of nematic liquid crystal on polyamic-acid-based soluble polyimide with no side of newly synthesized UV-sensitive polyimide without side fragments is reported. The photoaligning polymer, are not worse than those of rubbed polyimides. At the same time, the new material possesses all the advantages

  20. The Dark Side: from Dark Energy & Dark Matter to Washington and Science Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collar, Juan I.

    The Dark Side: from Dark Energy & Dark Matter to Washington and Science Policy Presenter: Michael: The Map Room (www.maproom.com )1949 N. Hoyne #12;The Dark Side: from Dark Energy and Dark Matter? What is the nature of the dark energy that is causing the expansion of the Universe to speed up

  1. Measurement of B(d) mixing using opposite-side flavor tagging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Coppage, Don; Hensel, Carsten; Moulik, Tania; Wilson, Graham Wallace

    2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on a measurement of the B(0)(d) mixing frequency and the calibration of an opposite-side flavor tagger in the D0 experiment. Various properties associated with the b quark on the opposite side of the reconstructed B meson are combined...

  2. Side-Channel Resistance Evaluation of a Neural Network Based Lightweight Cryptography Scheme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Side-Channel Resistance Evaluation of a Neural Network Based Lightweight Cryptography Scheme Marc Email: koch@esa.cs.tu-darmstadt.de Abstract-- Side-channel attacks have changed the design of secure such as, e.g., AES, show the need to consider these aspects to build more resistant cryptographic systems

  3. Towards a systematic characterization of the potential of demand side management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kleinhans, David

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With an increasing share of electric energy produced from non-dispatchable renewable sources both energy storage and demand side management might gain tremendously in importance. While there has been significant progress in general properties and technologies of energy storage, the systematic characterization of features particular to demand side management such as its intermittent, time-dependent potential seems to be lagging behind. As a consequence, the development of efficient and sustainable strategies for demand side management and its integration into large-scale energy system models are impeded. This work introduces a novel framework for a systematic time-resolved characterization of the potential for demand side management. It is based on the specification of individual devices both with respect to their scheduled demand and their potential of load shifting. On larger scales sector-specific profiles can straightforwardly be taken into account. The potential for demand side management is then specifie...

  4. The Photovoltaic Crisis and the Demand-side Generation in Spain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mir-Artigues, Pere

    2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The RES-E promotion policy in Spain gave priority to the photovoltaic (henceforth, PV) ground-mounted installations. For years, the coupling of customer-side generation coupled with excess energy exports was never specifically considered. However...

  5. Improving the System Life of Basic Oxygen and Electric Arc Furnace Hoods, Roofs, and Side Vents

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This factsheet describes the benefits of a high-performance aluminum bronze alloy to basic oxygen furnace and electric arc furnace components such as hoods, roofs, and side vents.

  6. Nestedness versus modularity in ecological networks: two sides of the same coin?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stouffer, Daniel B.

    Nestedness versus modularity in ecological networks: two sides of the same coin? Miguel A. Fortuna1 al. 2003; Teng & McCann 2004; Fortuna & Bascompte 2006; Bascompte, Jordano & Olesen 2006; Rooney et

  7. proteinsSTRUCTURE O FUNCTION O BIOINFORMATICS An energy-based conformer library for side

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Senes, Alessandro

    be substantially improved by adding an energetic criterion to its creation. The result of the new procedure energetically into natural pro- tein environments. The new library performs outstandingly well in side chain

  8. Analysis of side end pressurized bump type gas foil bearings: a model anchored to test data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Tae Ho

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    profound effect on the rotordynamic performance of GFBs. This dissertation presents the first study that devotes considerable attention to the effect of side end pressurization on delaying the onset rotor speed of subsynchronous motions. GFB performance...

  9. Analysis of side end pressurized bump type gas foil bearings: a model anchored to test data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Tae Ho

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    profound effect on the rotordynamic performance of GFBs. This dissertation presents the first study that devotes considerable attention to the effect of side end pressurization on delaying the onset rotor speed of subsynchronous motions. GFB performance...

  10. Safety and availabili of steam generator tubes affected by secondary side corrosion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cizelj, Leon

    by secondary side corrosion T.DVorkk*, L. Cizelj, B. Mavko 3dc/St&n ZmIw~e,L@.khmn. Sovanfa AccepIal I5 May

  11. New Solution Methods for Joint Chance-Constrained Stochastic Programs with Random Left-Hand Sides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tanner, Matthew W.

    2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider joint chance-constrained programs with random lefthand sides. The motivation of this project is that this class of problem has many important applications, but there are few existing solution methods. For the most part, we deal...

  12. Efficiency loss in a class of two-sided market mechanisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neumayer, Sebastian James

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis addresses the question of how to efficiently allocate resources among competing players in convex environments. We will analyze the efficiency loss of certain two-sided market mechanisms involving both consumers ...

  13. Interpretation of side-scan sonar images from hydrocarbon seep areas of the Louisiana continental slope

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hou, Rusheng

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Side-scan sonar images from the Louisiana continental slope were examined to study hydrocarbon seepage and related surficial geologic seafloor features. Three study areas are located in the Green Canyon area and the Garden Bank area. Hydrocarbon...

  14. Side-Opening Hollow Microneedles for Transdermal Drug Delivery Wijaya Martanto1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arrays of hollow microneedles have been proposed to achieve painless injection and infusion of drug that serve as the microfluidic needle bores for injection or infusion, which terminate in side-opening holes

  15. Apparatus and methods for impingement cooling of a side wall of a turbine nozzle segment

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Burdgick, Steven Sebastian (Schenectady, NY)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A gas turbine nozzle segment has outer and inner bands and a vane therebetween. Each band includes a nozzle wall, a side wall, a cover and an impingement plate between the cover and the nozzle wall defining two cavities on opposite sides of the impingement plate. Cooling steam is supplied to one cavity for flow through apertures of the impingement plate to cool the nozzle wall. The side wall of the band and inturned flange define with the nozzle wall an undercut region. The impingement plate has a turned flange welded to the inturned flange. A backing plate overlies the turned flange and aligned apertures are formed through the backing plate and turned flange to direct and focus cooling flow onto the side wall of the nozzle segment.

  16. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Demand Side Strategies for Energy Efficiency in University of British Columbia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of a project/report". #12;DEMAND&SIDE)STRATEGIES)FOR)ENERGY)EFFICIENCY) INUBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Demand Side Strategies for Energy Efficiency in University of British Columbia Residences Jennifer Clark, Nate Croft, Liam Fast

  17. Automated side-chain model building and sequence assignment by template matching

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Terwilliger, Thomas C., E-mail: terwilliger@lanl.gov [Mail Stop M888, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for automated macromolecular side-chain model building and for aligning the sequence to the map is described. An algorithm is described for automated building of side chains in an electron-density map once a main-chain model is built and for alignment of the protein sequence to the map. The procedure is based on a comparison of electron density at the expected side-chain positions with electron-density templates. The templates are constructed from average amino-acid side-chain densities in 574 refined protein structures. For each contiguous segment of main chain, a matrix with entries corresponding to an estimate of the probability that each of the 20 amino acids is located at each position of the main-chain model is obtained. The probability that this segment corresponds to each possible alignment with the sequence of the protein is estimated using a Bayesian approach and high-confidence matches are kept. Once side-chain identities are determined, the most probable rotamer for each side chain is built into the model. The automated procedure has been implemented in the RESOLVE software. Combined with automated main-chain model building, the procedure produces a preliminary model suitable for refinement and extension by an experienced crystallographer.

  18. Distribution of Carbon Impurity Sources Between Low and High Field Side Measured via Zeeman-Spectroscopy in JET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Distribution of Carbon Impurity Sources Between Low and High Field Side Measured via Zeeman-Spectroscopy in JET

  19. Hydrogen Bond Switching among Flavin and Amino Acid Side Chains in the BLUF Photoreceptor Observed by Ultrafast Infrared Spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Stokkum, Ivo

    Hydrogen Bond Switching among Flavin and Amino Acid Side Chains in the BLUF Photoreceptor Observed hydrogen-bond network with nearby amino acid side chains, including a highly conserved tyrosine and glutamine. The participation of particular amino acid side chains in the ultrafast hydrogen-bond switching

  20. A VLSI Design Flow for Secure Side-Channel Attack Resistant ICs and Ingrid Verbauwhede1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A VLSI Design Flow for Secure Side-Channel Attack Resistant ICs Kris Tiri1 and Ingrid Verbauwhede1 VLSI design flow to create secure, side-channel attack (SCA) resistant integrated circuits. The design standard cell design flow. We discuss the basis for side-channel attack resistance and adjust the library

  1. 68 IAEI NEWS January.February 2010 www.iaei.org supply-side pv utility connections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Eric E.

    of a utility-interactive PV inverter to the supply-side of a service disconnect is essentially connecting be sized at 125% of the rat- ed output current from the PV inverter(s). But in small systems, a question68 IAEI NEWS January.February 2010 www.iaei.org supply-side pv utility connections Supply-Side PV

  2. Approaches to sheltered-water oil spills

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jacobs, M.A.; Waldron, D.M. [Clean Seas LLC, Carpinteria, CA (United States)

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Technology has produced more effective and efficient oil removal equipment for on-water cleanup in the past five years. Much of the innovation has been to increase recovery capacity to meet the planning volumes required to government regulations. However, more than 95 percent of the spills are relatively small. Large equipment, often requiring large platforms, is not very useful and is difficult/expensive to operate on small spills. In addition, damage from spills results when oil impacts shorelines. The emphasis on spill response should address the ability of the equipment to remove oil in a nearshore environment. Clean Seas has been attempting to address this need since the Avila Pipeline spill in 1992, in which a 180 barrel spill resulted in about $18 million damage/cleanup cost.

  3. The demand-side management program development process: A utility perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wolfe, A.K. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Yourstone, N.E. (Yourstone (Evelin), Albuquerque, NM (United States))

    1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes an aspect of DSM that has received little attention, namely, how utilities develop DSM programs. The selection of utilities to study purposely was biased in favor of those with reputations for being experienced DSM program developers so as to optimize the chances to obtain detailed information. The DSM planning process is affected by organizational factors and external influences: (1) the location of the demand-side planning department within the utility; (2) the demand-side planning group's functional responsibilities; (3) upper management participation in the DSM program development process; and (4) the organizational relationship between (or, separation of) supply-side and demand-side planning. Organizational factors reflect utilities' views of DSM programs and thus can affect the adoption of a technology- or customer-oriented approach. Despite repeated claims of the uniqueness of the demand- side planning process and its resistance to standardization, two general approaches to program development were discerned, namely technology- or customer-orientation. Although utilities consider customer related and technological factors in their DSM program development process, utilities can be differentiated by their emphasis on one or the other approach. 25 refs.

  4. The demand-side management program development process: A utility perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wolfe, A.K. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Yourstone, N.E. [Yourstone (Evelin), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes an aspect of DSM that has received little attention, namely, how utilities develop DSM programs. The selection of utilities to study purposely was biased in favor of those with reputations for being experienced DSM program developers so as to optimize the chances to obtain detailed information. The DSM planning process is affected by organizational factors and external influences: (1) the location of the demand-side planning department within the utility; (2) the demand-side planning group`s functional responsibilities; (3) upper management participation in the DSM program development process; and (4) the organizational relationship between (or, separation of) supply-side and demand-side planning. Organizational factors reflect utilities` views of DSM programs and thus can affect the adoption of a technology- or customer-oriented approach. Despite repeated claims of the uniqueness of the demand- side planning process and its resistance to standardization, two general approaches to program development were discerned, namely technology- or customer-orientation. Although utilities consider customer related and technological factors in their DSM program development process, utilities can be differentiated by their emphasis on one or the other approach. 25 refs.

  5. Ultrafast energy transfer from rigid, branched side-chains into a conjugated, alternating copolymer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Griffin, Graham B.; Rolczynski, Brian S.; Linkin, Alexander; McGillicuddy, Ryan D.; Engel, Gregory S., E-mail: gsengel@uchicago.edu [Department of Chemistry, The James Franck Institute, Institute for Biophysical Dynamics, The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States); Lundin, Pamela M. [Department of Chemical Engineering, Stanford University, Stauffer III, 381 North-South Mall, Stanford, California 94305 (United States) [Department of Chemical Engineering, Stanford University, Stauffer III, 381 North-South Mall, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); A. R. Smith Department of Chemistry, Appalachian State University, 417 CAP Building, 525 Rivers Street, Boone, North Carolina 28608 (United States); Bao, Zhenan [Department of Chemical Engineering, Stanford University, Stauffer III, 381 North-South Mall, Stanford, California 94305 (United States)] [Department of Chemical Engineering, Stanford University, Stauffer III, 381 North-South Mall, Stanford, California 94305 (United States)

    2014-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the synthesis and characterization of a benzodithiophene/thiophene alternating copolymer decorated with rigid, singly branched pendant side chains. We characterize exciton migration and recombination dynamics in these molecules in tetrahydrofuran solution, using a combination of static and time-resolved spectroscopies. As control experiments, we also measure electronic relaxation dynamics in isolated molecular analogues of both the side chain and polymer moieties. We employ semi-empirical and time-dependent density functional theory calculations to show that photoexcitation of the decorated copolymer using 395 nm laser pulses results in excited states primarily localized on the pendant side chains. We use ultrafast transient absorption spectroscopy to show that excitations are transferred to the polymer backbone faster than the instrumental response function, ?250 fs.

  6. The DarkSide Multiton Detector for the Direct Dark Matter Search

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Aalseth, C. E.; Agnes, P.; Alton, A.; Arisaka, K.; Asner, D. M.; Back, H. O.; Baldin, B.; Biery, K.; Bonfini, G.; Bossa, M.; et al

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Although the existence of dark matter is supported by many evidences, based on astrophysical measurements, its nature is still completely unknown. One major candidate is represented by weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs), which could in principle be detected through their collisions with ordinary nuclei in a sensitive target, producing observable low-energy (more »as the improvements needed to scale the detector from DarkSide-50 (50 kg LAr-TPC) up to DarkSide-G2. Finally, the preliminary results on background suppression and expected sensitivity are presented.« less

  7. Advanced Demand Side Management for the Future Smart Grid Using Mechanism Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Vincent

    meter. All smart meters are connected to not only the power grid but also a communication infrastructure. This allows two-way communication among smart meters and the utility company. We analytically model each user1 Advanced Demand Side Management for the Future Smart Grid Using Mechanism Design Pedram Samadi

  8. Outage Probability of MISO Broadcast Systems with Noisy Channel Side Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Teng Joon

    Outage Probability of MISO Broadcast Systems with Noisy Channel Side Information Alon Shalev output (MISO) systems. However, these schemes generally require perfect channel information) of a linear zero forcing transmitter, operating in a fading MISO broadcast channel. We consider a rectangular

  9. Side branch absorber for exhaust manifold of two-stroke internal combustion engine

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Harris, Ralph E. (San Antonio, TX); Broerman, III, Eugene L. (San Antonio, TX); Bourn, Gary D. (Laramie, WY)

    2011-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of improving scavenging operation of a two-stroke internal combustion engine. The exhaust pressure of the engine is analyzed to determine if there is a pulsation frequency. Acoustic modeling is used to design an absorber. An appropriately designed side branch absorber may be attached to the exhaust manifold.

  10. Synthesis of a New Side-Chain Type Liquid Crystal Polymer Poly[dicyclohexyl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wan, Xin-hua

    been proven by many experiments and becomes a useful guide for molecular design of side-chain liquid layer was dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and chloroform was removed by vacuum distillation. The residue was purified using column chromatography on silica gel with chloroform as eluant to obtain

  11. ORNL/TM-2008/073 CAUSTIC-SIDE SOLVENT-EXTRACTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    .S. Department of Energy (DOE) Information Bridge: Web site: http://www.osti.gov/bridge Reports produced before) representatives, and International Nuclear Information System (INIS) representatives from the following sourceORNL/TM-2008/073 CAUSTIC-SIDE SOLVENT-EXTRACTION MODELING FOR HANFORD INTERIM PRETREATMENT SYSTEM

  12. Contact Resistance of Tri-layer Graphene Side Contacted with Nickel Jason Giuliani,1-3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UG-34 Contact Resistance of Tri-layer Graphene Side Contacted with Nickel Electrodes.S.A. High contact resistance is a key problem in graphene-type device performance. In order to create, the contact properties of graphene devices requires further research. Nickel's high work-function and contact

  13. "Dark Web: Exploring and Min-ing the Dark Side of the Web"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michelsen, Claus

    in the internationally re- nowned Dark Web project will be reviewed, including: deep/dark web spider- ing (web sitesTitle: "Dark Web: Exploring and Min- ing the Dark Side of the Web" Speaker: Director, Prof will review the emerging research in Terrorism Informatics based on a web mining perspective. Recent progress

  14. Improved Microstructure and Properties of 6061 Aluminum Alloy Weldments Using a Double-Sided Arc Welding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, YuMing

    Welding Process Y.M. ZHANG, C. PAN, and A.T. MALE Due to its popularity and high crack sensitivity, 6061 aluminum alloy was selected as a test material for the newly developed double-sided arc welding (DSAW systematically. The percentage of fine equiaxed grains in the fully penetrated welds is greatly increased

  15. The User Side of Sustainability: Modeling Behavior and Energy Usage in the Home

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, Diane J.

    The User Side of Sustainability: Modeling Behavior and Energy Usage in the Home Chao Chena, , Diane in everyday home environments to examine the relationship between behavioral patterns and energy consumption;technologies that examine energy usage in homes and to encourage energy effi- cient behaviors, in addition

  16. Instructions for Scanning with Public LC Scanners/Library-Side Use these instructions to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweik, Charles M.

    Instructions for Scanning with Public LC Scanners/Library-Side Use these instructions to: · Scan a single document · Scan a document into editable text, rather than in a picture format · Email scanned light near the buttons on the scanner will be lit)** Scanning a Single (One-Page) Document 1.) Place

  17. Multi-scale Demand-Side Management for Continuous Power-intensive Processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    (DR) Reduce demand on operational level Energy Efficiency (EE) Permanently reduce power consumption Demand-Side Management (DSM) "Systematic utility and government activities designed to change the amount and/or timing of the customer's use of electricity for the collective benefit of the society

  18. South Africa European Union Summit SIDE EVENT ON WATER RESEARCH FOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 South Africa ­ European Union Summit SIDE EVENT ON WATER RESEARCH FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, Department of Biodiversity, University of Limpopo, South Africa Dr. Dominique ROLLIN, CEMAGREF, French Joint, South Africa Dr Mbhuti HLOPHE, Department of Chemistry, North West University, South Africa Prof K

  19. Design and Stability of Load-Side Primary Frequency Control in Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Low, Steven H.

    1 Design and Stability of Load-Side Primary Frequency Control in Power Systems Changhong Zhao for primary frequency regulation in power networks, by formulating an optimal load control (OLC) problem where--We present a systematic method to design ubiqui- tous continuous fast-acting distributed load control

  20. C-band side-entry Ge quantum-well electroabsorption modulator on SOI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, David A. B.

    C-band side-entry Ge quantum-well electroabsorption modulator on SOI operating at 1 V swing J. Modulation was due to the quantum-confined Stark effect from ten Ge/SiGe quantum wells epitaxially grown the totally internally reflecting air-SiGe interface and a frustrated total internal reflection from

  1. Life on Both Sides of the Fence: Mentoring Versus Being Mentored

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Porter, M A

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I have the rare experience of being on both sides of the mentor--undergraduate student relationship in the same program (Caltech's Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship, or SURF, program). In this essay, I will discuss how this background, coupled with my interdisciplinary education, has fundamentally shaped my mentoring style.

  2. Life on Both Sides of the Fence: Mentoring Versus Being Mentored

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mason A. Porter

    2006-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

    I have the rare experience of being on both sides of the mentor--undergraduate student relationship in the same program (Caltech's Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship, or SURF, program). In this essay, I will discuss how this background, coupled with my interdisciplinary education, has fundamentally shaped my mentoring style.

  3. Demand-Side Load Scheduling Incentivized by Dynamic Energy Hadi Goudarzi, Safar Hatami, and Massoud Pedram

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    Demand-Side Load Scheduling Incentivized by Dynamic Energy Prices Hadi Goudarzi, Safar Hatami growth in electrical energy consumption under worst- case demand conditions [1]. To avoid expending 90089 {hgoudarz, shatami, pedram}@usc.edu Abstract--Demand response is an important part of the smart

  4. Mul$-scale Demand-Side Management for Con$nuous Power-intensive Processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    $on of Renewables (Distributed) Co-genera$on of electricity and heat Storage Microgrids21 Mul$-scale Demand-Side Management for Con$nuous Power-intensive Processes Megan, Nikhil Arora #12;Facing the challenge of variability, the power grid

  5. Controlling the Back Button in SeaSide Avi Bryant and Stphane Ducasse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ducasse, Stéphane

    Controlling the Back Button in SeaSide Avi Bryant and Stéphane Ducasse Seaside is a framework of the back button. We suppose that the reader read the previous tutorial. 1. To get started You need/downloads/latest.html. A basic familiarity with Smalltalk and with HTML. Once you have installed Squeak

  6. Abstract--Implementation of Distribution Automation (DA) and Demand Side Management (DSM) intended to serve both

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Abstract--Implementation of Distribution Automation (DA) and Demand Side Management (DSM) intended with differentiate QoS in a multitasking environment. I. INTRODUCTION ODERN society demands a reliable and high by the distribution utility for the security. REMPLI (Remote Energy Management over Power Lines and Internet) system

  7. 2. reviderede udgave. Enkelte rettelser tilfjet 3/6 2008. Forord side 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neutroner i samfundets tjeneste ­ isotopteknik og isotopforskning i Danmark side 4 Hellere nr. 1 pĺ Risř har spillet en formidabel rolle for universiteter, hospitaler og industrivirksomheder i Danmark store reaktor DR3, der var en af det industrielle Danmarks mest unikke arbejdspladser. Med det formĺl

  8. Azopyridine Side Chain Polymers: An Efficient Way To Prepare Photoactive Liquid Crystalline Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Yue

    Azopyridine Side Chain Polymers: An Efficient Way To Prepare Photoactive Liquid Crystalline Received January 14, 2004 A new strategy for the preparation of azo-containing liquid crystalline polymers time. The amorphous azopyridine polymer can easily be converted into liquid crystalline polymers

  9. Automatic Drug Side Effect Discovery from Online Patient-Submitted Reviews: Focus on Statin Drugs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Automatic Drug Side Effect Discovery from Online Patient-Submitted Reviews: Focus on Statin Drugs become empowered to share personal experiences regarding prescription drugs via Web page discussion from patient-provided drug reviews on health-related web sites. We focus on the statin class

  10. Side-effects of plant domestication: ecosystem impacts of changes in litter quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wall, Diana

    Side-effects of plant domestication: ecosystem impacts of changes in litter quality Pablo Garcia such as drought or pathogens. We hypothesized that predictions derived from the comparison of low vs high resource in microbial-poor and microbial-rich soils to exemplify intensively and extensively managed agricultural soils

  11. Automatic Layout Optimization of a Double Sided Power Module Regarding Thermal and EMC constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Automatic Layout Optimization of a Double Sided Power Module Regarding Thermal and EMC constraints. The chip position and power layout is automatically generated according to the best EMC/Thermal trade off. Optimization techniques use simple but fairly accurate EMC and Thermal models, presented in this paper

  12. A walk on the WILD side How wireless handhelds may change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A walk on the WILD side How wireless handhelds may change computer-supported collaborative learning arc likely to be organized around Wireless Internet Learning Devices (WILD) that resemble graphing calculators, Palm, or Pocket-PC handhelds, connected by short-range wireless networking. WILD learning

  13. What can you recycle at MIT? All Paper in desk side and blue-top bins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seager, Sara

    What can you recycle at MIT? All Paper in desk side and blue-top bins Bottles, Cans and Containers Paper Computer Monitors / Electronics contact recycling@mit.edu Aluminum cans & foil Glass Bottles All Centers (DMC's) For more information: Working Group Recycling Committee at http

  14. The Threat to the Planet* Dark & Bright Sides of Global Warming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, James E.

    The Threat to the Planet* Dark & Bright Sides of Global Warming Jim Hansen 3 October 2007 presented provides most important information on global warming. Recorded human history occurs within the Holocene for these large climate change is perturbations of Earth's orbit. #12;Continental Drift Fig. 1 "Global Warming

  15. A 1.5-approximation Algorithm For Two-Sided Scaffold Filling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Binhai

    up the whole genomes by filling those missing genes into the scaffolds to optimize a similarity measure of genomes. A typical and frequently used measure for the similarity of two genomes is the number of common adjacencies. One- sided scaffold filling is given by a scaffold and a whole genome, and asks

  16. DEMAND SIDE ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND CONSERVATION PROGRAM Measurement and Verification Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hofmann, Hans A.

    DEMAND SIDE ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND CONSERVATION PROGRAM Measurement and Verification Program 4 operating hours for the lights in each room a. Assign a usage category to each room in all buildings (e electrical usage and savings in room by room spreadsheet d. Subtotal savings by building

  17. DEMAND SIDE ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND CONSERVATION PROGRAM Measurement and Verification Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hofmann, Hans A.

    DEMAND SIDE ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND CONSERVATION PROGRAM Measurement and Verification Program 4 Works Association Research Foundation (AwwaRF) and building demographics for savings calculations 4-retrofit; calculate savings in room by room spreadsheet 5. Pre-retrofit (Process water audit) ­ Walk buildings

  18. Demand Side Management for Wind Power Integration in Microgrid Using Dynamic Potential Game Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianwei

    Demand Side Management for Wind Power Integration in Microgrid Using Dynamic Potential Game Theory, Wind Power Integration, Markov Chain, Dynamic Potential Game Theory, Nash Equilibrium. I. INTRODUCTION the intermittency in wind power generation. Our focus is on an isolated microgrid with one wind turbine, one fast

  19. STATE OF CALIFORNIA AIR, WATER SIDE SYSTEM, SERVICE HOT WATER & POOL REQUIREMENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Certified Water Heater §111, §113 (a) Water Heater Efficiency §113 (b) Service Water Heating Installation/A" in the column next to the measure. 2: For each water heater, pool heat and domestic water loop (or groupsSTATE OF CALIFORNIA AIR, WATER SIDE SYSTEM, SERVICE HOT WATER & POOL REQUIREMENTS CEC-MECH-2C

  20. The strategic use of renewables to achieve demand-side management impact

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carlisle, N.; Hauser, S.; Potter, T.; Westby, R.

    1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    According to both the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) and the Edison Electric Institute (EEI), utilities in the United States are now spending about $2 billion per year on demand-side management (DSM) activities. By the year 2000, EPRI and EEI predict that utilities will be spending $10 to $15 billion per year on DSM. If this expenditure is matched by consumers, total expenditures -- $30 billion a year -- will equal what the nation spent on power plant construction during the peak 1970s power plant building era. Historically, DSM programs at utilities utilize technologies that reduce the demand for electricity and energy used by their customers. This is accomplished primarily by increasing the efficacy of lighting, improving the conversion efficiency of heating, cooling, and process equipment, and reducing thermal losses through the building envelope. A broader definition of DSM -- one that incorporates renewable energy resources -- will greatly enhance the opportunity to impact customer loads. Renewable energy technologies use resources that are not depleted, such as heat and light from the sun, the force of winds, falling water, biomass, and geothermal heat from the earth. As related to utility systems, renewable technologies can contribute in three main ways: (1) the more traditional ``supply-side`` role as central generating plants or independent power producers, (2) as distributed generation (supply-side variation), and (3) as demand-side options. Distributed generation is being seriously studied by several utilities as a means of serving remote loads and reducing transmission and distribution costs, but is not discussed further in this paper. Demand-side renewable technologies (DSR) are technologies that utilize renewable energy to reduce the end-use load of a customer. In this paper we will describe specific DSR options, characterize their potential load impact, and recommend a method for effectively integrating them into current DSM programs.

  1. Dual chamber system providing simultaneous etch and deposition on opposing substrate sides for growing low defect density epitaxial layers

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kulkarni, Nagraj S. (Knoxville, TN); Kasica, Richard J. (Ashburn, VA) ,

    2011-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A dual-chamber reactor can include a housing enclosing a volume having a divider therein, where the divider defines a first chamber and a second chamber. The divider can include a substrate holder that supports at least one substrate and exposes a first side of the substrate to the first chamber and a second side of the substrate to the second chamber. The first chamber can include an inlet for delivering at least one reagent to the first chamber for forming a film on the first side of the substrate, and the second chamber can include a removal device for removing material from the second side of the substrate.

  2. Bennett, Benjamin. The Dark Side of Literacy: Literature and Learning How Not to Read. New York: Fordham University Press, 2008.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quirk, William

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bennett, Benjamin. The Dark Side of Literacy: Literature andthe Germanist Benjamin Bennett, is, as its title suggests,To support his position Bennett offers two strands of

  3. High-Efficiency Plasma Refuelling by Pellet Injection from the Magnetic High-Field Side into ASDEX Upgrade

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lang, P.T.; Buechl, K.; Kaufmann, M.; Lang, R.S.; Mertens, V.; Mueller, H.W.; Neuhauser, J. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-IPP Association, Garching (Germany)] [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-IPP Association, Garching (Germany); ASDEX Upgrade% NI Teams

    1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    High-efficiency refuelling of ELMy {ital H}-mode tokamak discharges with solid deuterium pellets injected from the magnetic high-field side is demonstrated. Compared to standard low-field side injection, the fuelling efficiency was enhanced by a factor of 4, the pellet penetration more than 2 times. This experimental result can be qualitatively explained by the magnetic force pushing a diamagnetic plasma cloud towards lower magnetic field, causing rapid particle loss for shallow low-field side injection, but enhancing fuelling efficiency and pellet penetration for high-field side injection. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

  4. Apparatus and methods for impingement cooling of an undercut region adjacent a side wall of a turbine nozzle segment

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Burdgick, Steven Sebastian (Schenectady, NY); Itzel, Gary Michael (Simpsonville, SC)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A gas turbine nozzle segment has outer and inner bands. Each band includes a side wall, a cover and an impingement plate between the cover and nozzle wall defining two cavities on opposite sides of the impingement plate. Cooling steam is supplied to one cavity for flow through apertures of the impingement plate to cool the nozzle wall. The side wall of the band and inturned flange define with the nozzle wall an undercut region. The inturned flange has a plurality of apertures for directing cooling steam to cool the side wall between adjacent nozzle segments.

  5. 9/17/12 Lessons from the US: stopping illegal logging benefits both sides of politics 1/3theconversation.edu.au/lessons-from-the-us-stopping-illegal-logging-benefits-both-sides-of-politics-9529

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    9/17/12 Lessons from the US: stopping illegal logging benefits both sides of politics 1/3theconversation.edu.au/lessons-from-the-us-stopping-illegal-logging-benefits-both-sides-of-politics-9529 In the US Congress, it was hard to find an opponent to stopping illegal logging. CIFOR Search search our articles

  6. Crucial role of side walls for granular surface flows: consequences for the rheology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierre Jop; Yoël Forterre; Olivier Pouliquen

    2014-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we study the steady uniform flows that develop when granular material is released from a hopper on top of a static pile in a channel. We more specifically focus on the role of side walls by carrying out experiments in setup of different widths, from narrow channels 20 particle diameters wide to channels 600 particle diameters wide. Results show that steady flows on pile are entirely controlled by side wall effects. A theoretical model, taking into account the wall friction and based on a simple local constitutive law recently proposed for other granular flow configurations (GDR MiDi 2004), gives predictions in quantitative agreement with the measurements. This result gives new insights in our understanding of free surface granular flows and strongly supports the relevance of the constitutive law proposed.

  7. Key issues in starting a successful Demand-Side Management program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gettings, L.K.

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    From the perspective of an Energy Services Company (ESCO), this paper discusses several of the key issues involved in insuring a successful Demand Side Management (DSM) program. The paper focuses specifically on the need for demand side alternatives to capacity needs and the market and customer issues that effect the ultimate success of DSM programs. Among the issues discussed, an environment that is conducive to fostering and maintaining DSM is argued to be the fostering and maintaining DSM is argued to be the primary element necessary for prosperous DSM, and several aspects of the business of the local utility and the potential host customers make up the underlying components that will, if they are in place, make up the environment that will enable it to exist.

  8. Frequency Conversion: Side-band cooling, state-swapping, and coherent control of mechanical resonators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurt Jacobs; Hendra I. Nurdin; Frederick W. Strauch; Matthew James

    2010-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Sideband cooling is a technique that potentially allows mechanical resonators to be prepared in their ground states, important for future applications in quantum technologies. Tian has recently shown that side-band cooling can be implemented by modulating the coupling between a nano-resonator and a superconducting oscillator, a process of frequency conversion [L. Tian, PRB 79, 193407 (2009)]. While side-band cooling is usually treated in the steady-state regime, the effective resonant coupling will also generate near perfect state-swapping from the superconductor to the mechanical resonator. We perform numerical simulations of this system, examining the ground-state cooling achieved by the state-swapping. Further, we show that the superconducting oscillator can be used to control the amplitude and phase of the resonator, while simultaneously cooling it, and thus act as a coherent "quantum feedback controller".

  9. Front contact solar cell with formed electrically conducting layers on the front side and backside

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cousins, Peter John

    2012-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

    A bipolar solar cell includes a backside junction formed by a silicon substrate and a first doped layer of a first dopant type on the backside of the solar cell. A second doped layer of a second dopant type makes an electrical connection to the substrate from the front side of the solar cell. A first metal contact of a first electrical polarity electrically connects to the first doped layer on the backside of the solar cell, and a second metal contact of a second electrical polarity electrically connects to the second doped layer on the front side of the solar cell. An external electrical circuit may be electrically connected to the first and second metal contacts to be powered by the solar cell.

  10. Optical probe for the cytochrome P-450 cholesterol side chain cleavage enzyme

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Marrone, Babetta L. (Los Alamos, NM); Simpson, Daniel J. (Los Alamos, NM); Unkefer, Clifford J. (Los Alamos, NM); Whaley, Thomas W. (Santa Fe, NM)

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An optical probe enables the study of enzyme activity by absorbance spectroscopy or by sensitive fluorescence methods. In particular, the probe provides the ability to monitor the activity of cytochrome P-450.sub.scc enzyme, the rate limiting enzyme for steroid biosynthesis. Located on the inner mitochondrial membrane, P-450.sub.scc catalyzes the conversion of cholesterol to pregnenolone and isocapraldehyde by sequential oxidations of the cholesterol side chain. The fluorogenic probe includes a cholesterol-like steroid linked to a chromophore through a linking group. The chromophore is selected to have little optical response when linked to the steroid substrate and an enhanced optical response when cleaved from the substrate and linking group. Thus, a fluorescent anion that can be optically detected is generated by the side-chain cleavage reaction during steroidogenesis.

  11. Optical probe for the cytochrome P-450 cholesterol side chain cleavage enzyme

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Marrone, Babetta L. (Los Alamos, NM); Simpson, Daniel J. (Los Alamos, NM); Unkefer, Clifford J. (Los Alamos, NM); Whaley, Thomas W. (Santa Fe, NM)

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An optical probe enables the study of enzyme activity by absorbance spectroscopy or by sensitive fluorescence methods. In particular, the probe provides the ability to monitor the activity of cytochrome P-450.sub.scc enzyme, the rate limiting enzyme for steroid biosynthesis. Located on the inner mitochondrial membrane, P-450.sub.scc catalyzes the conversion of cholesterol to pregnenolone and isocapraldehyde by sequential oxidations of the cholesterol side chain. The fluorogenic probe includes a cholesterol-like steroid linked to a chromophore through a linking group. The chromophore is selected to have little optical response when linked to the steroid substrate and an enhanced optical response when cleaved from the substrate and linking group. Thus, a fluorescent anion that can be optically detected is generated by the side-chain cleavage reaction during steroidogenesis.

  12. Demand Side Management in the Smart Grid: Information Processing for the Power Switch

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alizadeh, Mahnoosh; LI, Xiao; Wang, Zhifang; Scagilone, Anna; Melton, Ronald B.

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this article we discuss the most recent developments in the area of load management, and consider possible interaction schemes of novel architectures with distributed energy resources (DER). In order to handle the challenges faced by tomorrow’s smart grid, which are caused by volatile load and generation profiles (from the large number of plug-in EVs and from renewable integration), the conventional grid operating principle of load-following needs to be changed into load-shaping or generation-following. Demand Side Management will be a most promising and powerful solution to the above challenges. However, many other issues such as load forecasting, pricing structure, market policy, renewable integration interface, and even the AC/DC implementation at the distribution side, need to be taken into the design in order to search for the most effective and applicable solution.

  13. Spontaneous helicity of a polymer with side-loops confined to a cylinder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Debasish

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Inspired by recent experiments on the spatial organization of bacterial chromosomes, we consider a type of "bottle brush" polymer consisting of a flexible backbone chain, to which flexible side loops are connected. We show that such a model with an open linear backbone spontaneously adopts a helical structure with a well-defined pitch when confined to small cylindrical volume. This helicity persists over a range of sizes and aspect-ratios of the cylinder, provided the packing fraction of the chain is suitably large. We analyze this results in terms of the interplay between the effective stiffness and actual intra-chain packing effects caused by the side-loops in response to the confinement. For the case of a circular backbone, mimicking e.g. the E. coli chromosome, the polymer adopts a linearized configuration of two parallel helices connected at the cylinder poles.

  14. Side-by-side evaluation of a stressed-skin insulated-core panel house and a conventional stud-frame house. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rudd, A.; Chandra, S.

    1994-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Side-by-side energy testing and monitoring was conducted on two houses in Louisville, KY between January--March 1993. Both houses were identical except that one house was constructed with conventional US 2 by 4 studs and a truss roof while the other house was constructed with stress-skin insulated core panels for the walls and second floor ceiling. Air-tightness testing included fan pressurization by blower door, hour long tracer tests using sulphur hexafluoride, and two-week long time-averaged tests using perfluorocarbon tracers. An average of all the air-tightness test results showed the SSIC panel house to have 22 percent less air infiltration than the frame house. Air-tightness testing resulted in a recommendation that both houses have a fresh air ventilation system installed to provide 0.35 air changes per hour continuously. Thermal insulation quality testing was by infrared imaging. Pressure differential testing resulted in recommendations to use sealed combustion appliances, and to allow for more return air flow from closed rooms. This can be accomplished by separate return ducts or transfer ducts which simply connect closed rooms to the main body with a short duct. The SSIC house UA was lower in both cases. By measurement, co-heating tests showed the SSIC panel house total UA to be 12 percent lower than the frame house. Short-term energy monitoring was also conducted for the two houses. A 17 day period of electric heating and a 14 day period of gas furnace heating was evaluated. Monitoring results showed energy savings for the panel house to be 12 percent during electric heating and 15 percent during gas heating. A comparison of the two monitoring periods showed that the lumped efficiency of the gas furnace and air distribution system for both houses was close to 80 percent. Simple regression models using Typical Meteorological Year weather data gave a preliminary prediction of seasonal energy savings between 14 and 20 percent.

  15. The Impact of Trade-wind Strength on Precipitation over the Windward Side of the Island of Hawaii

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yi-Leng

    The Impact of Trade-wind Strength on Precipitation over the Windward Side of the Island of Hawaii@hawaii.edu #12;ABSTRACT The effects of trade-wind strength and the diurnal heating cycle on the production of summer trade-wind rainfall on the windward side of the island of Hawaii are examined from the data

  16. Demand-side issues of the service economy Paru dans : Review of Political Economy, Vol. 16, No. 4, Oct. 2004.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Demand-side issues of the service economy Paru dans : Review of Political Economy, Vol. 16, No. 4 the relevance of the demand-side approach to the development of a service economy. Its starts by addressing some in "Review of Political Economy 16, 4 (2004) 473-483" #12;2 1. Introduction Since the 1980s, most

  17. Electricity Demand-Side Management for an Energy Efficient Future in China: Technology Options and Policy Priorities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    Electricity Demand-Side Management for an Energy Efficient Future in China: Technology Options Neufville Professor of Engineering Systems Chair, ESD Education Committee #12;2 #12;3 Electricity Demand-Side Management for an Energy Efficient Future in China: Technology Options and Policy Priorities By Chia

  18. Depositional environments of Wood Siding Formation and Onaga Shale (Pennsylvanian-Permian), northeast Kansas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bisby, C.G.

    1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The eastern Kansas sedimentary deposits of the Wood Siding Formation and the Onaga Shale are recognized as products of Late Pennsylvanian-Early Permian cyclic sedimentation. Reconstruction of depositional events associated with the units is important in understanding cyclic sedimentation in the Mid-Continent. In Kansas, the Wood Siding Formation-Onaga Shale outcrop belt trends nearly parallel to the Nemaha anticline in an approximately northeast-southwest direction. Detailed field studies of 26 stratigraphic sections (nine measured and described in detail) in the northeastern part of this belt provide the basis for interpretation of the depositional environments of the two formations. Results of this study indicate that variations in water depth/distance from shore, controlled by late Paleozoic structural features and eustatic sea level changes, were the major factors controlling sedimentation. On the basis of lithologic and paleontologic characteristics, four fifth-order transgressive-regressive (T-R) units, with periodicities of 300,000 to 500,000 years, have been identified within the Wood Siding Formation and the Onaga Shale. At least five sixth-order T-R units, with periodicities of 50,000 to 130,000 years or less, have also been identified within the two formations. The boundaries between sixth-order T-R units are represented by thin, laterally persistent marine units or by climate change surfaces. Paleogeographic reconstructions, based on the correlation of sixth-order T-R units, provide strong evidence for a northeast-southwest-trending shoreline during Wood Siding-Onaga time. The most marine sedimentary rocks are in the southern part of the study area and contain a diverse marine fossil assemblage. Channel facies with pyritized and coalified plant fossils are more common in the northern part of the outcrop belt and suggest marshy to swampy depositional conditions.

  19. One-sided infrared thermal imaging for flaw characterization of ceramic matrix composites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deemer, C.; Sun, J. G.; Ellingson, W. A.

    2000-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    One-sided infrared thermal imaging is being used to characterize voids and delamination in SiC/SiC composites. Flaw depth is estimated by examining the decay of surface temperature after application of a thermal pulse. Digital analysis of the surface temperature/time relationship allows characterization of the sizes and positions of defects. Results show that defects of various sizes and depths can be characterized in SiC/SiC composites with the technique.

  20. Beyond Leaks: Demand-side Strategies for Improving Compressed Air Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howe, B.; Scales, B.

    Beyond Leaks: Demand-side Strategies for Bill Howe, PE Director, Corporate Energy Services E Source, Inc. Boulder, Colorado SUMMARY Staggering amounts of compressed air are wasted or misapplied in otherwise well run manufacturing...-maintained plants lose about 10 percent of compressed air to leaks, while many more lose over 50 percent. In addition to leaks, wasteful application of compressed air can eat up another 5 to 40 percent of compressed air volume-even in otherwise well...

  1. Communications to the Editor Evidence of a Novel Side Chain Structure in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCullough, Richard D.

    -dodecylthiophene) (R-P3DDT), with 98% head- to-tail (HT) coupling of the alkyl side chains along the backbone, has" counterpart (IR-P3DDT) having only 75% HT linkages. R-P3DDT, which contains a high proportion of insulating samples studied, R-P3DDT and R-P3OT, i.e. poly(3-octylthiophene). This lamellar phase is found

  2. Automatic Identification of Application I/O Signatures from Noisy Server-Side Traces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Yang [ORNL] [ORNL; Gunasekaran, Raghul [ORNL] [ORNL; Ma, Xiaosong [ORNL] [ORNL; Vazhkudai, Sudharshan S [ORNL] [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Competing workloads on a shared storage system cause I/O resource contention and application performance vagaries. This problem is already evident in today s HPC storage systems and is likely to become acute at exascale. We need more interaction between application I/O requirements and system software tools to help alleviate the I/O bottleneck, moving towards I/O-aware job scheduling. However, this requires rich techniques to capture application I/O characteristics, which remain evasive in production systems. Traditionally, I/O characteristics have been obtained using client-side tracing tools, with drawbacks such as non-trivial instrumentation/development costs, large trace traffic, and inconsistent adoption. We present a novel approach, I/O Signature Identifier (IOSI), to characterize the I/O behavior of data-intensive applications. IOSI extracts signatures from noisy, zero-overhead server-side I/O throughput logs that are already collected on today s supercomputers, without interfering with the compiling/execution of applications. We evaluated IOSI using the Spider storage system at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the S3D turbulence application (running on 18,000 Titan nodes), and benchmark-based pseudo-applications. Through our ex- periments we confirmed that IOSI effectively extracts an application s I/O signature despite significant server-side noise. Compared to client-side tracing tools, IOSI is transparent, interface-agnostic, and incurs no overhead. Compared to alternative data alignment techniques (e.g., dynamic time warping), it offers higher signature accuracy and shorter processing time.

  3. An Efficient User-Side Nulling Calibration for Quantum Annealing Computers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Randall R. Correll

    2015-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

    (Withdrawn) This work describes an efficient user-side method of calibrating and correcting quantum annealing computers. For quantum annealing computers based on the Ising model, the method measures the residual bias of the h and J coefficients. Once measured, these biases can then be nulled in subsequent runs for any problem of interest. This method also returns a temperature for each qubit based on the measured versus the expected qubit distributions computed from a Boltzmann distribution model.

  4. First direct two-sided bound on the B0(s) oscillation frequency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abazov, V.M.; Abbott, B.; Abolins, M.; Acharya, B.S.; Adams, M.; Adams, T.; Agelou, M.; Agram, J.-L.; Ahn, S.H.; Ahsan, M.; Alexeev, G.D.; /Buenos Aires U. /Rio de

    2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors report the first direct two-sided bound on the B{sub s}{sup 0} oscillation frequency using a large sample of B{sub s}{sup 0} semileptonic decays corresponding to approximately 1 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity collected by the D0 experiment in 2002-2006 during Run II of the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. The flavor (i.e., B{sub s}{sup 0} or B{sub s}{sup 0}) of the B{sub s}{sup 0} meson at the time of production was found using an opposite-side tagging technique, and the flavor at the time of decay was determined from the charge of the muon in the partially reconstructed decay B{sub s}{sup 0} {yields} {mu}{sup +} D{sub s}{sup -}X, D{sub s}{sup -} {yields} {phi}{pi}{sup -}, {phi} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -}. A likelihood scan over the oscillation frequency, {Delta}m{sub s}, gives a most probable value of 19 ps{sup -1} and a range of 17 < {Delta}m{sub s} < 21 ps{sup -1} at the 90% C.L. At {Delta}m{sub s} = 19 ps{sup -1}, the amplitude method yields a result that deviates from the hypothesis of an oscillation amplitude of zero by 2.5 standard deviations, corresponding to a two-sided C.L. of 1%.

  5. Cooperativity in Protein Folding: From Lattice Models with Side Chains to Real Proteins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. K. Klimov; D. Thirumalai

    1998-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider equilibrium folding transitions in lattice protein models with and without side chains. A dimensionless measure, $Omega_{c}$, is introduced to quantitatively assess the degree of cooperativity in lattice models and in real proteins. We show that larger values of $\\Omega_{c}$ resembling those seen in proteins are obtained in lattice models with side chains (LMSC). The enhanced cooperativity in LMSC is due to the possibility of denser packing of side chains in the interior of the model protein. We also establish that $\\Omega_{c}$ correlates extremely well with (\\sigma = (T_{\\theta} -T_{f} )/T_{\\theta}), where (T_{\\theta}) and (T_{f}) are collapse and folding transition temperatures, respectively. These theoretical ideas are used to analyze folding transitions in various real proteins. The values of $\\Omega _{c}$ extracted from experiments show a correlation with $\\sigma $. We conclude that the degree of cooperativity can be expressed in terms of the single parameter $\\sigma $, which can be estimated from experimental data.

  6. Experiments with biased side electrodes in electron cyclotron resonance ion sources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Drentje, A. G., E-mail: a.g.drentje@rug.nl; Kitagawa, A. [National Institute of Radiological Sciences (NIRS), 4-9-1 Anagawa, Inage-ku, Chiba-shi 263-8555 (Japan)] [National Institute of Radiological Sciences (NIRS), 4-9-1 Anagawa, Inage-ku, Chiba-shi 263-8555 (Japan); Uchida, T. [Bio-Nano Electronics Research Centre, Toyo University, 2100 Kujirai, Kawagoe-shi 350-8585 (Japan)] [Bio-Nano Electronics Research Centre, Toyo University, 2100 Kujirai, Kawagoe-shi 350-8585 (Japan); Rácz, R.; Biri, S. [Institute for Nuclear Research (Atomki), H-2026 Debrecen, Bem ter 18/c (Hungary)] [Institute for Nuclear Research (Atomki), H-2026 Debrecen, Bem ter 18/c (Hungary)

    2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The output of highly charged ions from an electron cyclotron resonance ion source (ECRIS) consists of ionic losses from a highly confined plasma. Therefore, an increase of the output of the ions of interest always is a compromise between an increase in the confinement and an increase of the losses. One route towards a solution consists of attacking the losses in directions – i.e., radial directions – that do not contribute to the required output. This was demonstrated in an experiment (using the Kei ECRIS at NIRS, Japan) where radial losses were electrostatically reduced by positively biasing one set of six “side” electrodes surrounding the plasma in side-ward directions attached (insulated) to the cylindrical wall of the plasma chamber. Recently new studies were performed in two laboratories using two essentially different ion sources. At the BioNano ECRIS (Toyo University, Japan) various sets of electrodes were used; each of the electrodes could be biased individually. At the Atomki ECRIS (Hungary), one movable, off-axis side electrode was applied in technically two versions. The measurements show indeed a decrease of ionic losses but different effectivities as compared to the biased disk.

  7. Entropy and enthalpy of interaction between amino acid side chains in nanopores

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Vaitheeswaran; D. Thirumalai

    2014-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Understanding the stabilities of proteins in nanopores requires a quantitative description of confinement induced interactions between amino acid side chains. We use molecular dynamics simulations to study the nature of interactions between the side chain pairs ALA-PHE, SER-ASN and LYS-GLU in bulk water and in water-filled nanopores. The temperature dependence of the bulk solvent potentials of mean force and the interaction free energies in cylindrical and spherical nanopores is used to identify the corresponding entropic and enthalpic components. The entropically stabilized hydrophobic interaction between ALA and PHE in bulk water is enthalpically dominated upon confinement depending on the relative orientations between the side chains. In the case of SER-ASN, hydrogen bonded configurations that are similar in bulk water are thermodynamically distinct in a cylindrical pore, thus making rotamer distributions different from those in the bulk. Remarkably, salt bridge formation between LYS-GLU is stabilized by entropy in contrast to the bulk. Implications of our findings for confinement-induced alterations in protein stability are briefly outlined.

  8. One Sided indeterminism alone is not a useful resource to simulate any nonlocal correlation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biswajit Paul; Kaushiki Mukherjee; Debasis Sarkar

    2014-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Determinism, no signaling and measurement independence are some of the constraints required for framing Bell inequality. Any model simulating nonlocal correlations must either individually or jointly give up these constraints. Recently M. J. W. Hall (Phys Review A, \\textbf{84}, 022102 (2011)) derived different forms of Bell inequalities under the assumption of individual or joint relaxation of those constraints on both(i.e., two) the sides of a bipartite system. In this work we have investigated whether one sided relaxation can also be a useful resource for simulating nonlocal correlations or not. We have derived Bell-type inequalities under the assumption of joint relaxation of these constraints only by one party of a bipartite system. Interestingly we found that any amount of randomness in correlations of one party in absence of signaling between two parties is incapable of showing any sort of Bell-CHSH violation whereas signaling and measurement dependence individually can simulate any nonlocal correlations. We have also completed the proof of a recent conjecture due to Hall (Phys. Rev. A \\textbf{82}, 062117 (2010); Phys. Rev. A \\textbf{84}, 022102 (2011)) for one sided relaxation scenario only.

  9. Convective heat transfer on leeward building walls in an urban environment: Measurements in an outdoor scale model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nottrott, A.; Onomura, S.; Inagaki, A.; Kanda, M.; Kleissl, J.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Vortex structure and heat transfer in turbulent flow over asurface, Proc. 5 th Int. Heat Transfer Conf. 3 (1974) 129-a vertical plate, J. Heat Transfer 109(1) [13] K. Patel,

  10. by Brian J. MacGowan and Brian K. Miller Department of Forestry & Natural Resources, Purdue University, West Lafayette IN 47907-1159

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and at a distance of 2-5 times the height of the windbreak from the area to be protected. In addition to identifying the area to be protected, identify existing power lines, roads, potential snow drifting, adjacent areas of the windbreak. However, windbreaks will typically protect an area on their leeward side of 10 times the height

  11. Shelter-in-Place Procedures What it means to "Shelter-in-Place"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escher, Christine

    instructed otherwise by local emergency personnel: 1. If you are inside, stay where you are. Collect any exterior doors. 4. Turn off air conditioners, heaters, and fans. 5. Close vents to ventilation systems as you are able. (University staff will turn off ventilation as quickly as possible.) 6. Make a list

  12. Temperature control feedback loops for the linac upgrade side coupled cavities at Fermilab

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crisp, J.

    1990-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The linac upgrade project at Fermilab will replace the last 4 drift-tube linac tanks with seven side coupled cavity strings. This will increase the beam energy from 200 to 400 MeV at injection into the Booster accelerator. The main objective of the temperature loop is to control the resonant frequency of the cavity strings. A cavity string will constant of 4 sections connected with bridge couplers driven with a 12 MW klystron at 805 MHz. Each section is a side coupled cavity chain consisting of 16 accelerating cells and 15 side coupling cells. For the linac upgrade, 7 full cavity strings will be used. A separate temperature control system is planned for each of the 28 accelerating sections, the two transition sections, and the debuncher section. The cavity strings will be tuned to resonance for full power beam loaded conditions. A separate frequency loop is planned that will sample the phase difference between a monitor placed in the end cell of each section and the rf drive. The frequency loop will control the set point for the temperature loop which will be able to maintain the resonant frequency through periods within beam or rf power. The frequency loop will need the intelligence required to determine under what conditions the phase error information is valid and the temperature set point should be adjusted. This paper will discuss some of the reason for temperature control, the implementation, and some of the problems encountered. An appendix contains some useful constants and descriptions of some of the sensor and control elements used. 13 figs.

  13. A vector field method on the distorted Fourier side and decay for wave equations with potentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roland Donninger; Joachim Krieger

    2014-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the Cauchy problem for the one-dimensional wave equation with an inverse square potential. We derive dispersive estimates, energy estimates, and estimates involving the scaling vector field, where the latter are obtained by employing a vector field method on the "distorted" Fourier side. In addition, we prove local energy decay estimates. Our results have immediate applications in the context of geometric evolution problems. The theory developed in this paper is fundamental for the proof of the co-dimension 1 stability of the catenoid under the vanishing mean curvature flow in Minkowski space.

  14. Laboratory measurements of wave height variations and currents along a steep-sided channel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Way, Francis

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    towards the channel, when the basin is filling. The channel is evident by the dark rectangle in the middle of the figure. 16 3. 3: Truncated time series of case 1 atx=2. 5m andy=8. 0 m (55&t(70 s). The open circle in figure 3. 1 shows the measurement... position in the basin. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 3. 4: The ADV's side-looking 3-D sensor probe 20 3. 5: Plan view of where ADV measurements were taken. The circle indicates a representative location that is referred to in Figure 3. 6...

  15. Characterization of side-slip dynamics in Land Rover LR3 for improved high speed autonomous control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Truax, Robert D. (Robert Denison)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, the side slip control dynamics of the Land Rover LR3 platform are examined for autonomous control. As autonomy becomes implemented in high speed safety applications, the importance of an accurate model for ...

  16. 350-?m side-view optical probe for imaging the murine brain in vivo from the cortex to the hypothalamus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Jun Ki

    Miniature endoscopic probes offer a solution for deep brain imaging by overcoming the limited depth of intravital microscopy. We describe a small-diameter (350 ?m) graded-index optical probe with a side-view design for in ...

  17. Phase A: Initial Development of an Advanced Diagnostic Procedure for Air-Side Retrofits in Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reddy, T. A.; Kissock, J. K.; Katipamula, S.; Claridge, D. E.

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this research is to develop a diagnostic approach that involves analyzing monitored whole-building cooling and heating energy use in large commercial buildings in order to determine the effectiveness of air-side energy retrofits...

  18. Back-side hydrogenation technique for defect passivation in silicon solar cells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sopori, Bhushan L. (Denver, CO)

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A two-step back-side hydrogenation process includes the steps of first bombarding the back side of the silicon substrate with hydrogen ions with intensities and for a time sufficient to implant enough hydrogen atoms into the silicon substrate to potentially passivate substantially all of the defects and impurities in the silicon substrate, and then illuminating the silicon substrate with electromagnetic radiation to activate the implanted hydrogen, so that it can passivate the defects and impurities in the substrate. The illumination step also annihilates the hydrogen-induced defects. The illumination step is carried out according to a two-stage illumination schedule, the first or low-power stage of which subjects the substrate to electromagnetic radiation that has sufficient intensity to activate the implanted hydrogen, yet not drive the hydrogen from the substrate. The second or high-power illumination stage subjects the substrate to higher intensity electromagnetic radiation, which is sufficient to annihilate the hydrogen-induced defects and sinter/alloy the metal contacts.

  19. CAUSTIC SIDE SOLVENT EXTRACTION AT THE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE OPERATING EXPERIENCE AND LESSONS LEARNED

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.

    2010-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The Modular Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction Unit (MCU) is the first, production-scale Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction process for cesium separation to be constructed. The process utilizes an engineered solvent to remove cesium from waste alkaline salt solution resulting from nuclear processes. While the application of this solvent extraction process is unique, the process uses commercially available centrifugal contactors for the primary unit operation as well as other common methods of physical separation of immiscible liquids. The fission product, cesium-137, is the primary focus of the process due to the hazards associated with its decay. The cesium is extracted from the waste, concentrated, and stripped out of the solvent resulting in a low-level waste salt solution and a concentrated cesium nitrate stream. The concentrated cesium stream can be vitrified into borosilicate glass with almost no increase in glass volume, and the salt solution can be dispositioned as a low-level grout. The unit is deployed as an interim process to disposition waste prior to start-up of the Salt Waste Processing Facility. The Salt Waste Processing Facility utilizes the same cesium removal technology, but will treat more contaminated waste. The MCU is not only fulfilling a critical need, it is the first demonstration of the process at production-scale.

  20. Experiments with biased side electrodes in electron cyclotron resonance ion sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drentje, A G; Uchida, T; Rácz, R; Biri, S

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The output of highly charged ions from an electron cyclotron resonance ion source (ECRIS) consists of ionic losses from a highly confined plasma. Therefore, an increase of the output of the ions of interest always is a compromise between an increase in the confinement and an increase of the losses.One route towards a solution consists of attacking the losses in directions (i.e., radial directions) that do not contribute to the required output. This was demonstrated in an experiment (using the Kei ECRIS at NIRS, Japan) where radial losses were electrostatically reduced by positively biasing one set of six side electrodes surrounding the plasma in side-ward directions attached (insulated) to the cylindrical wall of the plasma chamber. Recently new studies were performed in two laboratories using two essentially different ion sources. At the BioNano ECRIS (Toyo University, Japan) various sets of electrodes were used; each of the electrodes could be biased individually. At the Atomki ECRIS (Hungary), one movable,...

  1. Escape of Lyman alpha Emission in the Starburst Galaxy Mkn 357 - a Wind's Far Side

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    William C. Keel

    2004-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

    HST imaging and slitless spectroscopy are used to examine where the strong Lyman alpha emission escapes from the interstellar medium in the starburst galaxy Mkn 357. An H-alpha image shows that the ionized gas is mostly in a global wind, rather than associated with the individual star-forming regions seen in the optical and UV continuum. The Lyman alpha emission comes predominantly from the northwest side of the wind structure spatially, and shows a significant redshift relative to the optical lines. Both of these properties are signatures of seeing the line photons backscattered from the far side of a prolate or bipolar starburst wind, fitting both with escape calculations and evidence for winds in high-redshift galaxies with net Lyman alpha emission. Scattering is most important within this wind itself, rather than involving a surrounding neutral medium, as shown by the decreasing relative redshift of the line peak from 250 to 30 km/s between the center and edge of the detected emission. The Lyman alpha emission exhibits strong asymmetry in comparison with both the starlight and H-alpha structures. These results add to the evidence that kinematics, rather than gas metallicity or dust content, are the dominant effect in determining which galaxies have strong Lyman alpha emission, and that powerful (and perhaps episodic) starbursts are common among Lyman-break galaxies as well as those discovered from Lyman alpha line emission.

  2. Back-side hydrogenation technique for defect passivation in silicon solar cells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sopori, B.L.

    1994-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

    A two-step back-side hydrogenation process includes the steps of first bombarding the back side of the silicon substrate with hydrogen ions with intensities and for a time sufficient to implant enough hydrogen atoms into the silicon substrate to potentially passivate substantially all of the defects and impurities in the silicon substrate, and then illuminating the silicon substrate with electromagnetic radiation to activate the implanted hydrogen, so that it can passivate the defects and impurities in the substrate. The illumination step also annihilates the hydrogen-induced defects. The illumination step is carried out according to a two-stage illumination schedule, the first or low-power stage of which subjects the substrate to electromagnetic radiation that has sufficient intensity to activate the implanted hydrogen, yet not drive the hydrogen from the substrate. The second or high-power illumination stage subjects the substrate to higher intensity electromagnetic radiation, which is sufficient to annihilate the hydrogen-induced defects and sinter/alloy the metal contacts. 3 figures.

  3. DSM Program Development. The demand-side resource options were developed using a combination of internal engineering estimates and external consulting services. The

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for the determination of the optimum program level to be included in the IRP. The demand-side management options wereDSM Program Development. The demand-side resource options were developed using a combination Practices Manual: Economic Analysis of Demand-side Programs and Projects.2 The proposed DSM programs

  4. Photovoltaics for demand-side management utility markets: A utility/customer partnership approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Byrne, J.; Letendre, S.; Govindarajalu, C.; Wang, Y.D. [Univ. of Delaware, Newark, DE (United States). Center for Energy and Environmental Policy; Nigro, R. [Delmarva Power and Light Co., Wilmington, DE (United States); Wallace, W. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Photovoltaic (PV) systems located at customer sites can be used to meet utility needs for demand-side management (DSM) applications. PV-DSM can also represent a high-value intermediate market for PV in the utility sector. Maximum value for PV in DSM applications can be achieved by incorporating a dispatching capability to PV systems (through the addition of storage). This enables utilities to evaluate PV systems as a peak-shaving technology. To date, peak-shaving has been the higher value DSM application for US utilities. This analysis of the value of dispatchable PV-DSM systems indicates that small-scale, customer-sited systems are approaching competitive cost levels in several regions of the US that have favorable load matching and peak demand pricing characteristics. This paper presents the results for PV-DSM systems located within the service territories of five case study utilities.

  5. Deflation for inversion with multiple right-hand sides in QCD

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A. Stathopoulos, A.M. Abdel-Rehim, K. Orginos,

    2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Most calculations in lattice Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) involve the solution of a series of linear systems of equations with exceedingly large matrices and a large number of right hand sides. Iterative methods for these problems can be sped up significantly if we deflate approximations of appropriate invariant spaces from the initial guesses. Recently we have developed eigCG, a modification of the Conjugate Gradient (CG) method, which while solving a linear system can reuse a window of the CG vectors to compute eigenvectors almost as accurately as the Lanczos method. The number of approximate eigenvectors can increase as more systems are solved. In this paper we review some of the characteristics of eigCG and show how it helps remove the critical slowdown in QCD calculations. Moreover, we study scaling with lattice volume and an extension of the technique to nonsymmetric problems.

  6. The private classical capacity with a symmetric side channel and its application to quantum cryptography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graeme Smith

    2007-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the symmetric-side-channel-assisted private capacity of a quantum channel, for which we provide a single-letter formula. This capacity is additive, convex, and, for degradable channels, equal to the unassisted private capacity. While a channel's (unassisted) capacity for for private classical communication may be strictly larger than its quantum capacity, we will show that these capacities are equal for degradable channels, thus demonstrating the equivalence of privacy and quantum coherence in this context. We use these ideas to find new bounds on the key rate of quantum key distribution protocols with one-way classical post-processing. For the Bennett-Brassard-84 (BB84) protocol, our results demonstrate that collective attacks are strictly stronger than individual attacks.

  7. Public involvement in integrated resource planning: A study of demand-side management collaboratives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Raab, J. (Raab (J.), Boston, MA (United States)); Schweitzer, M. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States))

    1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many utilities and nonutility parties (NUPs) across the country have tried a new approach to reaching agreement on Demand-Side Management (DSM) program design and policy issues. Through this, which is called the DSM collaborative process, parties who have often been adversaries in the past attempt to reach consensus rather than using traditional litigation to resolve differences. We examined nine cases of DSM collaboration involving 24 utilities and approximately 50 NUPs in 10 states. This is the first comprehensive, in-depth review and assessment of collaboratives and it allows conclusions to be drawn about the collaborative process and the factors that contribute to successful efforts of this type. Collaboratives are described in terms of four major contextual and organizational characteristics: regulatory and legal history, parties involved and parties excluded, collaborative scope, and the collaborative process itself.

  8. Lattice and off-lattice side chain models of protein folding: Linear time structure prediction better than 86% of optimal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hart, W.E.; Istrail, S. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Algorithms and Discrete Mathematics Dept.

    1996-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper considers the protein structure prediction problem for lattice and off-lattice protein folding models that explicitly represent side chains. Lattice models of proteins have proven extremely useful tools for reasoning about protein folding in unrestricted continuous space through analogy. This paper provides the first illustration of how rigorous algorithmic analyses of lattice models can lead to rigorous algorithmic analyses of off-lattice models. The authors consider two side chain models: a lattice model that generalizes the HP model (Dill 85) to explicitly represent side chains on the cubic lattice, and a new off-lattice model, the HP Tangent Spheres Side Chain model (HP-TSSC), that generalizes this model further by representing the backbone and side chains of proteins with tangent spheres. They describe algorithms for both of these models with mathematically guaranteed error bounds. In particular, the authors describe a linear time performance guaranteed approximation algorithm for the HP side chain model that constructs conformations whose energy is better than 865 of optimal in a face centered cubic lattice, and they demonstrate how this provides a 70% performance guarantee for the HP-TSSC model. This is the first algorithm in the literature for off-lattice protein structure prediction that has a rigorous performance guarantee. The analysis of the HP-TSSC model builds off of the work of Dancik and Hannenhalli who have developed a 16/30 approximation algorithm for the HP model on the hexagonal close packed lattice. Further, the analysis provides a mathematical methodology for transferring performance guarantees on lattices to off-lattice models. These results partially answer the open question of Karplus et al. concerning the complexity of protein folding models that include side chains.

  9. Hawaii demand-side management resource assessment. Final report: DSM opportunity report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Hawaii Demand-Side Management Resource Assessment was the fourth of seven projects in the Hawaii Energy Strategy (HES) program. HES was designed by the Department of Business, Economic Development, and Tourism (DBEDT) to produce an integrated energy strategy for the State of Hawaii. The purpose of Project 4 was to develop a comprehensive assessment of Hawaii`s demand-side management (DSM) resources. To meet this objective, the project was divided into two phases. The first phase included development of a DSM technology database and the identification of Hawaii commercial building characteristics through on-site audits. These Phase 1 products were then used in Phase 2 to identify expected energy impacts from DSM measures in typical residential and commercial buildings in Hawaii. The building energy simulation model DOE-2.1E was utilized to identify the DSM energy impacts. More detailed information on the typical buildings and the DOE-2.1E modeling effort is available in Reference Volume 1, ``Building Prototype Analysis``. In addition to the DOE-2.1E analysis, estimates of residential and commercial sector gas and electric DSM potential for the four counties of Honolulu, Hawaii, Maui, and Kauai through 2014 were forecasted by the new DBEDT DSM Assessment Model. Results from DBEDTs energy forecasting model, ENERGY 2020, were linked with results from DOE-2.1E building energy simulation runs and estimates of DSM measure impacts, costs, lifetime, and anticipated market penetration rates in the DBEDT DSM Model. Through its algorithms, estimates of DSM potential for each forecast year were developed. Using the load shape information from the DOE-2.1E simulation runs, estimates of electric peak demand impacts were developed. 10 figs., 55 tabs.

  10. A FLUKA Study of $\\beta$-delayed Neutron Emission for the Ton-size DarkSide Dark Matter Detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Empl, Anton

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the published cosmogenic background study for a ton-sized DarkSide dark matter search, only prompt neutron backgrounds coincident with cosmogenic muons or muon induced showers were considered, although observation of the initiating particle(s) was not required. The present paper now reports an initial investigation of the magnitude of cosmogenic background from $\\beta$-delayed neutron emission produced by cosmogenic activity in DarkSide. The study finds a background rate for $\\beta$-delayed neutrons in the fiducial volume of the detector on the order of < 0.1 event/year. However, detailed studies are required to obtain more precise estimates. The result should be compared to a radiogenic background event rate from the PMTs inside the DarkSide liquid scintillator veto of 0.2 events/year.

  11. Abnormal macropore formation during double-sided gas tungsten arc welding of magnesium AZ91D alloy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shen Jun [College of Mechanical Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044 (China)], E-mail: shenjun2626@163.com; You Guoqiang; Long Siyuan [College of Mechanical Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044 (China); Pan Fusheng [College of Material Science and Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044 (China)

    2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the major concerns during gas tungsten arc (GTA) welding of cast magnesium alloys is the presence of large macroporosity in weldments, normally thought to occur from the presence of gas in the castings. In this study, a double-sided GTA welding process was adopted to join wrought magnesium AZ91D alloy plates. Micropores were formed in the weld zone of the first side that was welded, due to precipitation of H{sub 2} as the mushy zone freezes. When the reverse side was welded, the heat generated caused the mushy zone in the initial weld to reform. The micropores in the initial weld then coalesced and expanded to form macropores by means of gas expansion through small holes that are present at the grain boundaries in the partially melted zone. Macropores in the partially melted zone increase with increased heat input, so that when a filler metal is used the macropores are smaller in number and in size.

  12. Respiration Induced Heart Motion and Indications of Gated Delivery for Left-Sided Breast Irradiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Qi, X. Sharon, E-mail: xiangrong.qi@ucdenver.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO (United States); Hu, Angela [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO (United States); Wang Kai [Department of Radiation Oncology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI (United States); Newman, Francis [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO (United States); Crosby, Marcus; Hu Bin; White, Julia; Li, X. Allen [Department of Radiation Oncology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI (United States)

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To investigate respiration-induced heart motion for left-sided breast irradiation using a four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) technique and to determine novel indications to assess heart motion and identify breast patients who may benefit from a gated treatment. Methods and Materials: Images of 4DCT acquired during free breathing for 20 left-sided breast cancer patients, who underwent whole breast irradiation with or without regional nodal irradiation, were analyzed retrospectively. Dose distributions were reconstructed in the phases of 0%, 20%, and 50%. The intrafractional heart displacement was measured in three selected transverse CT slices using D{sub LAD} (the distance from left ascending aorta to a fixed line [connecting middle point of sternum and the body] drawn on each slice) and maximum heart depth (MHD, the distance of the forefront of the heart to the line). Linear regression analysis was used to correlate these indices with mean heart dose and heart dose volume at different breathing phases. Results: Respiration-induced heart displacement resulted in observable variations in dose delivered to the heart. During a normal free-breathing cycle, heart-induced motion D{sub LAD} and MHD changed up to 9 and 11 mm respectively, resulting in up to 38% and 39% increases of mean doses and V{sub 25.2} for the heart. MHD and D{sub LAD} were positively correlated with mean heart dose and heart dose volume. Respiratory-adapted gated treatment may better spare heart and ipsilateral-lung compared with the conventional non-gated plan in a subset of patients with large D{sub LAD} or MHD variations. Conclusion: Proposed indices offer novel assessment of heart displacement based on 4DCT images. MHD and D{sub LAD} can be used independently or jointly as selection criteria for respiratory gating procedure before treatment planning. Patients with great intrafractional MHD variations or tumor(s) close to the diaphragm may particularly benefit from the gated treatment.

  13. Long-range angular correlations on the near and away side in p-Pb collisions at sqrt(sNN) = 5.02 TeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ALICE Collaboration

    2014-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Angular correlations between charged trigger and associated particles are measured by the ALICE detector in p-Pb collisions at a nucleon-nucleon centre-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV for transverse momentum ranges within 0.5 < pT,assoc < pT,trig < 4 GeV/c. The correlations are measured over two units of pseudorapidity and full azimuthal angle in different intervals of event multiplicity, and expressed as associated yield per trigger particle. Two long-range ridge-like structures, one on the near side and one on the away side, are observed when the per-trigger yield obtained in low-multiplicity events is subtracted from the one in high-multiplicity events. The excess on the near-side is qualitatively similar to that recently reported by the CMS collaboration, while the excess on the away-side is reported for the first time. The two-ridge structure projected onto azimuthal angle is quantified with the second and third Fourier coefficients as well as by near-side and away-side yields and widths. The yields on the near side and on the away side are equal within the uncertainties for all studied event multiplicity and pT bins, and the widths show no significant evolution with event multiplicity or pT. These findings suggest that the near-side ridge is accompanied by an essentially identical away-side ridge.

  14. Recommended Guanidine Suppressor for the Next-Generation Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction Process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moyer, Bruce A [ORNL; Delmau, Laetitia Helene [ORNL; Duncan, Nathan C [ORNL; Ensor, Dale [Tennessee Technological University; Hill, Talon G [ORNL; Lee, Denise L [ORNL; Roach, Benjamin D [ORNL; Sloop Jr, Frederick {Fred} V [ORNL; Williams, Neil J [ORNL

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The guanidine recommended for the Next-Generation Caustic-Side is N,N ,N -tris(3,7-dimethyloctyl)guanidine (TiDG). Systematic testing has shown that it is significantly more lipophilic than the previously recommended guanidine DCiTG, the active extractant in the commercial guanidine product LIX -79, while not otherwise changing the solvent performance. Previous testing indicated that the extent of partitioning of the DCiTG suppressor to the aqueous strip solution is significantly greater than expected, potentially leading to rapid depletion of the suppressor from the solvent and unwanted organic concentrations in process effluents. Five candidate guanidines were tested as potential replacements for DCiTG. The tests included batch extraction with simulated waste and flowsheet solutions, third-phase formation, emulsion formation, and partition ratios of the guanidine between the solvent and aqueous strip solution. Preliminary results of a thermal stability test of the TiDG solvent at one month duration indicated performance approximately equivalent to DCiTG. Two of the guanidines proved adequate in all respects, and the choice of TiDG was deemed slightly preferable vs the next best guanidine BiTABG.

  15. CHEMICAL STABILITY OF POLYPHENYLENE SULFIDE IN THE NEXT GENERATION SOLVENT FOR CAUSTIC-SIDE SOLVENT EXTRACTION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fondeur, F.; Fink, S.

    2011-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The Office of Waste Processing, within the Office of Technology Innovation and Development, is funding the development of an enhanced solvent for deployment at the Savannah River Site for removal of cesium from High Level Waste. For simplicity, this solvent is referred to as the Next Generation Solvent (NGS). The technical effort is collaboration between Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL), and Argonne National Laboratory. The initial deployment target envisioned for the technology was within the Modular Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction Unit (MCU). Deployment of a new chemical within an existing facility requires verification that the chemical components are compatible with the installed equipment. In the instance of a new organic solvent, the primary focus is on compatibility of the solvent with polyphenylene sulfide (PPS), the polymer used in the coalescers within MCU. This report provides the data from exposing PPS polymer to NGS. The test was conducted over a three month period. PPS is remarkably stable in the presence of the next generation solvent. Testing showed no indication of swelling or significant leaching. Preferential sorption of the Modifier on PPS was observed but the same behavior occurs with the baseline solvent. Therefore, PPS coalescers exposed to the NGS are expected to perform comparably to those in contact with the baseline solvent.

  16. Effect of Mesophase Order on the Dynamics of Side Group Liquid Crystalline Polymers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Auad, M.L.; Kempe, M.D.; Kornfield, J.A.; Rendon, S.; Burghardt, W.R.; Yoon, K. (CIT); (NWU); (Dankook)

    2010-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Rheology and X-ray scattering were employed to probe the viscoelastic properties and structural transitions of model cyano-biphenyl-based side-group liquid-crystalline polymers (SGLCPs) with molecular weights ranging from 91 to 1900 kg/mol. Temperature-dependent rheological data show a rapid change in dynamics over a small temperature range. Small-angle X-ray scattering reveals these changes to be associated with an isotropic to smectic transition with an appreciable biphasic region. The presence of a biphasic region is attributed to inhomogeneity in chain structure resulting from incomplete attachment of mesogens to every monomeric unit in the SGLCP polymer. While isotropic and smectic phase data may be separately time-temperature shifted to create master curves for the individual phases, we argue against attempts to achieve superposition between the two phases in the high-frequency regime, since smectic ordering may not simply slow the dynamics but also increase the modulus of the sample. Molecular weight has a strong influence on rheology in the isotropic phase, where an entanglement plateau emerges; however, the smectic-phase rheology is dominated by the layer structure and is fairly insensitive to molecular weight.

  17. Novel Approach for Selective Emitter Formation and Front Side Metallization of Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baomin Xu

    2010-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

    In this project we will explore the possibility of forming the front side metallization and selective emitter layer for the crystalline silicon solar cells through using selective laser ablation to create contact openings on the front surface and a screen printer to make connections with conductive paste. Using this novel approach we expect to reduce the specific contact resistance of the silver gridlines by about one order of magnitude compared to the state-of-art industrial crystalline silicon solar cells to below 1 m??cm2, and use lightly doped n+ emitter layer with sheet resistance of not smaller than 100 ?/?. This represents an enabling improvement on crystalline silicon solar cell performance and can increase the absolute efficiency of the solar cell by about 1%. In this scientific report we first present our result on the selective laser ablation of the nitride layer to make contact openings. Then we report our work on the solar cell fabrication by using the laser ablated contact openings with self-doping paste. Through various electrical property characterization and SIMS analysis, the factors limiting the cell performance have been discussed. While through this proof-of-concept project we could not reach the target on cell efficiency improvement, the process to fabricate 125mm full-sized silicon solar cells using laser ablation and self-doping paste has been developed, and a much better understanding of technical challenges has been achieved. Future direction to realize the potential of the new technology has been clearly defined.

  18. Shell-side condensation heat transfer of R-134a. Part 3: Comparison with R-12

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huber, J.B.; Rewerts, L.E.; Pate, M.B. [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Shell-side condensation heat transfer coefficient data are compared for refrigerants R-134a and R-12 on tube bundles constructed from two finned-tube geometries and two enhanced-tube geometries. The tube bundles tested are five rows wide by five rows deep and have a staggered tube arrangement with a horizontal pitch of 22.2 mm (0.875 in.) and it vertical pitch of 19.1 mm (0.75 in.). The data were obtained at a refrigerant saturation temperature of 35 C (95 F) over a bundle heat flux range of 18,000 to 40,000 W/m{sup 2} (5,700 to 12,700 Btu/[h {center_dot} ft{sup 2}]). Average condensing heat transfer coefficients for the bundle as well as the middle tube of each row were calculated. The data show that R-134a performs better than R-12 on all four tube geometries. The data also show that for a given tube bundle, the row-to-row behavior of both refrigerants is similar.

  19. Shell-side condensation heat transfer of R-134a. Part 1: Finned-tube performance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huber, J.B.; Rewerts, L.E.; Pate, M.B. [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Shell-side condensation coefficient data are presented for the condensation of refrigerant R-134a on tube bundles constructed from 26-fin-per-inch (fpi) and 40-fpi tubes. The tube bundles tested are five rows wide by five rows deep and have a staggered tube arrangement with a horizontal pitch of 22.2 mm (0.875 in.) and a vertical pitch of 19.1 mm (0.75 in.). The data were obtained at a refrigerant saturation temperature of 35 C (95 F) over a bundle heat flux range of 18,000 to 40,000 W/m{sup 2} (5,700 to 12,700 Btu/[h {center_dot} ft {sup 2}]). Average condensing heat transfer coefficients for the bundle as well as average condensing heat transfer coefficients for the middle tube of each row were calculated. The data show that the 40-fpi tube performs better than the 26-fpi tube. The data also show a marked difference in the row to-row heat transfer coefficient trends between the two tube geometries.

  20. Life Extension Program for the Modular Caustic Side Solvent Extraction Unit at Savannah River Site - 13179

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Samadi, Azadeh [Savannah River Remediation, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States)] [Savannah River Remediation, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Caustic Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX) is currently used at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Savannah River Site (SRS) for removal of cesium from the high-level salt-wastes stored in underground tanks. Currently, the Actinide Removal Process (ARP) and the CSSX process are deployed in the (ARP)/Modular CSSX Unit (MCU), to process salt waste for permanent disposition. The CSSX technology utilizes a multi-component organic solvent and annular centrifugal contactors to extract cesium from alkaline salt waste. The original plant was permitted for a three year design life; however, given the successful operation of the plant, a life extension program was completed to continue operations. The program included detailed engineering analyses of the life-expectancy of passive and active components, resulting in component replacement and/or maintenance and monitoring program improvements. The program also included a review of the operations and resulted in a series of operational improvements. Since the improvements have been made, an accelerated processing rate has been demonstrated. In addition, plans for instituting a next-generation solvent are in place and will enhance the decontamination factors. (author)

  1. 23.2 / J. X. Sun 23.2: An Efficient Stacked OLED with Double-Sided Light Emission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    23.2 / J. X. Sun 23.2: An Efficient Stacked OLED with Double-Sided Light Emission J. X. Sun, X. L;23.2 / J. X. Sun 2. Experimental Details The SOLED were fabricated on 75nm-ITO coated glass with a sheet

  2. 468 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY, VOL. 54, NO. 1, JANUARY 2008 Sum Capacity of One-Sided Parallel Gaussian

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    So, Hing-Cheung

    allocation (ppp1;ppp2) by ppp. The sum capacity of a one-sided Gaussian IC was given in [3]. Based be found by solving the following optimization problem: max ppp2P f(ppp1;ppp2) L l=1 Ca p(l) 1; p(l) 2

  3. Tuning the electronic coupling in a low-bandgap donor-acceptor copolymer via the placement of side-chains

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oberhumer, Philipp M.; Huang, Ya-Shih; Massip, Sylvain; Albert-Seifried, Sebastian; Greenham, Neil C.; Hodgkiss, Justin M.; Friend, Richard H. [Cavendish Laboratory, J J Thomson Avenue, Cambridge CB3 0HE (United Kingdom); James, David T.; Kim, Ji-Seon [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Tu Guoli; Huck, Wilhelm T. S. [Melville Laboratory for Polymer Synthesis, Department of Chemistry, University of Cambridge, Lensfield Road, Cambridge CB2 1EW (United Kingdom); Beljonne, David; Cornil, Jerome [Laboratory for Chemistry of Novel Materials, University of Mons, Place du Parc, 20, 7000 Mons (Belgium)

    2011-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a spectroscopic and theoretical investigation of the effect of the presence and position of hexyl side-chains in the novel low-bandgap alternating donor-acceptor copolymer poly[bis-N,N-(4-octylphenyl)-bis-N,N-phenyl-1, 4-phenylenediamine-alt-5,5'-4',7',-di-2-thienyl-2',1',3'-benzothiadiazole] (T8TBT). We use electronic absorption and Raman spectroscopic measurements supported by calculations of chain conformation, electronic transitions, and Raman modes. Using these tools, we find that sterically demanding side-chain configurations induce twisting in the electronic acceptor unit and reduce the electronic interaction with the donor. This leads to a blue-shifted and weakened (partial) charge-transfer absorption band together with a higher photoluminescence efficiency. On the other hand, sterically relaxed side-chain configurations promote coupling between donor and acceptor units and exhibit enhanced absorption at the expense of luminescence efficiency. The possibility of tuning the donor-acceptor character of conjugated polymers by varying the placement of side-chains has very important ramifications for light emitting diode, Laser, display, and photovoltaic device optimization.

  4. Stepping Stone Detection at The Server Side Ruei-Min Lin, Yi-Chun Chou, and Kuan-Ta Chen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Sheng-Wei

    Stepping Stone Detection at The Server Side Ruei-Min Lin, Yi-Chun Chou, and Kuan-Ta Chen Institute@iis.sinica.edu.tw Abstract--Proxy server was originally invented to enhance the performance of web browsing; however, it has, there is no general method available for detecting the use of stepping stones from the server's perspective

  5. Pump side scattering in ultrapowerful backward Raman amplifiers A. A. Solodov, V. M. Malkin, and N. J. Fisch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pump side scattering in ultrapowerful backward Raman amplifiers A. A. Solodov, V. M. Malkin, and N of a laser pump by plasma noise might be suppressed by an appropriate detuning of the Raman resonance, even scattering of laser pumps by plasma noise in backward Raman amplifiers. Though its growth rate is smaller

  6. WHERE: TTU Campus off Texas Tech Parkway and 10 Street (West side of the University Medical Center)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Yuanlin

    WHERE: TTU Campus off Texas Tech Parkway and 10 th Street (West side of the University Medical For more information, please contact Tate Corliss at Texas Tech University. Phone: (505)705-5545 Email IBCA/Panhandle BBQ Assn. added money event. Membership must be current for 2015 by 8-31-14 Texas State

  7. HIGH-FIELD-SIDE PELLET INJECTION TECHNOLOGY S. K. Combs, L. R. Baylor, C. R. Foust, M. J. Gouge,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HIGH-FIELD-SIDE PELLET INJECTION TECHNOLOGY S. K. Combs, L. R. Baylor, C. R. Foust, M. J. Gouge, T of pellets, composed of frozen hydrogen isotopes and multimillimeter in size, is com- monly used for core tubes have typically been used to trans- port/deliver pellets from the acceleration device to the out

  8. IEA Heat Pump Conference 2011, 16 -19 May 2011, Tokyo, Japan ON SIDE REFRIGERANT MEASUREMENT OF HEAT PUMP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    - 1 - 10th IEA Heat Pump Conference 2011, 16 - 19 May 2011, Tokyo, Japan ON SIDE REFRIGERANT MEASUREMENT OF HEAT PUMP SEASONAL PERFORMANCES C. T. Tran, PhD student, Centre for Energy and Processes, MINES, Research Engineer, ENERBAT, Electricity of France R&D, Moret/Loing, France Abstract Heat pump systems have

  9. New side-channel attack against scan chains Jean Da Rolt, Giorgio Di Natale, Marie-Lise Flottes, Bruno Rouzeyre

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    New side-channel attack against scan chains Jean Da Rolt, Giorgio Di Natale, Marie-Lise Flottes jeopardize the overall security. Several scan-based attacks on cryptographic functions have been described and shown the need for secure scan implementations. These attacks assume a single scan chain. However

  10. Solvation Energies of Amino Acid Side Chains and Backbone in a Family of Host-Guest Pentapeptides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wimley, William C.

    octanol-water partitioning data. The free energy Gsc of transferring amino side chains from an organic & Tanford, 1971), the free energies of transfer of acetyl amino acid amides (Ac-X-amide) from octanol solvation parameters (ASP),1 which involves parameterizing the octanol-to-water transfer free energies

  11. This series introduces the subject of Colombia by presenting all sides of the country: environment, drugs, political history (Plan Colombia),

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liblit, Ben

    This series introduces the subject of Colombia by presenting all sides of the country: environment, drugs, political history (Plan Colombia), youth, political violence (the Patriotic Union), forced - November 29th - Baile Rojo Plan Colombia WE CAN NOT KEEP SILENT with Gildardo Tuberquia to answer

  12. Two-Sided Comb Poly(amic ester)Poly(propylene oxide) Graft Copolymers as Porous Polyimide Precursors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter, Kenneth

    Two-Sided Comb Poly(amic ester)­Poly(propylene oxide) Graft Copolymers as Porous Polyimide. These polymers were thermally cured to produce polyimide/PPO composites. The thermolysis of these polyimide/ PPO composites yielded porous polyimide films with porosities ranging of 4­22.5%. © 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc

  13. Leakage-Resilient Client-side Deduplication of Encrypted Data in Cloud Storage Institute for Infocomm Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    will have only one copy in the cloud (Single Instance Storage). SNIA white paper [39] reportedLeakage-Resilient Client-side Deduplication of Encrypted Data in Cloud Storage Jia Xu Institute@comp.nus.edu.sg Jianying Zhou Institute for Infocomm Research jyzhou@i2r.a-star.edu.sg Abstract--Cloud storage service

  14. Spectroscopic and Optical Characterization of a Series of Azobenzene-Containing Side-Chain Liquid Crystalline Polymers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pezolet, Michel

    Crystalline Polymers Franc¸ois Lagugne´ Labarthet, Stephan Freiberg, Christian Pellerin,§ Michel Pe ABSTRACT: A series of azobenzene-containing side chain liquid crystalline polymers with various spacer. The annealing process on polymers with short spacers (p4MAN-p8MAN) induces a hypsochromic shift while

  15. Low-Power Side-Channel Attack-Resistant Asynchronous S-Box Design for AES Cryptosystems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ayers, Joseph

    function with an invertible affine transformation in order to avoid attacks based on mathematics. A block combinational S-Box (substitution box) design for AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) cryptosystems is proposed less in- formation against side-channel attacks such as differential power/noise analysis. Functional

  16. Diffusion of Innovation in Two-Sided Markets Ka Hung Hui, Vijay Subramanian, Dongning Guo and Randall Berry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuzmanovic, Aleksandar

    . Diffusion of innovation can also be applied to public policy. As another example, electric cars have been choose to buy either electric cars or conventional gasoline cars, and gas stations may invest in electric to bring both sides of the market to adopt electric cars. More examples can be found in [1], [2]. Diffusion

  17. Waste and Solvent Composition Limits for Modular Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction Unit (MCU)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adu-Wusu, Kofi; Waler, Douglas D.; Edwards, Thomas B

    2005-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examined waste feed and solvent limits for the Modular Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction Unit (MCU) currently being designed and built at the Savannah River Site (SRS) to remove cesium from highly alkaline radioactive waste. The study involved proposing ranges for 12 waste feed components (i.e., Na{sup +}, K{sup +}, Cs{sup +}, OH{sup -}, NO{sub 3}{sup -}, NO{sub 2}{sup -}, Cl{sup -}, F{sup -}, SO{sub 4}{sup 2-}, PO{sub 4}{sup 3-}, and CO{sub 3}{sup 2-}, and AlO{sub 2}{sup -}) through a compilation of SRS waste data. Statistical design methods were used to generate numerous wastes with varying compositions from the proposed ranges. An Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) model called SXFIT was used to predict the cesium extraction distribution coefficients (D-values) between the organic (solvent) phase and the aqueous waste phase using the waste component concentrations as inputs. The D-values from the SXFIT model were used as input along with MCU base case process parameters to a SASSE (Spreadsheet Algorithm for Stagewise Solvent Extraction) model to calculate final cesium concentrations for the MCU. The SASSE model was developed at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). The SXFIT D-value and the waste component concentration data were used to develop a handier alternative model (neural network model) to the SXFIT model that predicts D-values within 15% of the SXFIT D-values. Both the SXFIT and the neural network model revealed the following. The solvent extractant concentration ratios are approximately equal to the corresponding D-value ratios; a useful feature that could be used to predict extraction D-values when the extractant concentration in the solvent changes in the MCU operation. Also, potassium is the only waste component out of the 12 that shows a distinct relationship with the cesium extraction D-values; an indication of potassium's competition with cesium in the Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX) process. A waste feed acceptance model suitable for assessing wastes within relatively wide ranges of D-values (0.6-40) and initial cesium-137 concentrations (0.2-12.8 Ci/gal) has been developed from the SASSE outputs. The waste feed acceptance model is an equation involving initial cesium-137 concentration and D-value that results in a final cesium-137 concentration of 0.1 Ci/gal, the target concentration for the MCU. For example, the waste feed acceptance model shows the minimum acceptable extraction D-value based on MCU base conditions is 5.73. The waste feed acceptance model is defined by a simple linear relationship for extraction D-values {ge} 7. This facilitates quicker calculations. For a given extraction D-value, final cesium-137 concentration (C{sub f}) and initial cesium-137 concentration (C{sub 0}) are linearly related; while for a given C{sub 0}, log (C{sub f}) and log (extraction D-value) are linear with a slope of -1.43. These two relationships allow one to quickly calculate C{sub f} at other MCU conditions without resorting to the SASSE model. The SASSE runs indicate that broad changes in the MCU process parameters for the extraction, scrub and strip stages (i.e., flow rate, temperature, fraction of interstage carryover, total liquid volume per contactor stage, and efficiency per contactor stage) will not result in C{sub f} exceeding target, at least for the MCU base conditions.

  18. Lessons learned in implementing a demand side management contract at the Presidio of San Francisco

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sartor, D.; Munn, M.

    1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Park Service (NSP) recently completed the implementation phase of its Power Saving Partners (PSP) Demand Side Management (DSM) contract with the local utility, Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E). Through the DSM contract, NPS will receive approximately $4.1 million over eight years in payment for saving 61 kW of electrical demand, 179,000 km of electricity per year, and 1.1 million therms of natural gas per year. These payments are for two projects: the installation of high-efficiency lighting systems at the Thoreau Center for Sustainability and the replacement of an old central boiler plant with new, distributed boilers. Although these savings and payments are substantial, the electrical savings and contract payments fall well short of the projected 1,700 kW of electrical demand, 8 million kwh of annual electricity savings, and $11 million in payments, anticipated at the project's onset. Natural gas savings exceeded the initial forecast of 800,000 therms per year. The DSM contract payments did not meet expectations for a variety of reasons which fall into two broad categories: first, many anticipated projects were not constructed, and second, some of the projects that were constructed were not included in the program because the cost of implementing the DSM program's measurement and verification (M&V) requirements outweighed anticipated payments. This paper discusses the projects implemented, and examines the decisions made to withdraw some of them from the DSM contract. It also presents the savings that were realized and documented through M&V efforts. Finally, it makes suggestions relative to M&V protocols to encourage all efficiency measures, not just those that are easy to measure.

  19. Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction: Chemical and Physical Properties of the Optimized Solvent

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Delmau, L.H.

    2002-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

    This work was undertaken to optimize the solvent used in the Caustic Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX) process and to measure key chemical and physical properties related to its performance in the removal of cesium from the alkaline high-level salt waste stored in tanks at the Savannah River Site. The need to adjust the solvent composition arose from the prior discovery that the previous baseline solvent was supersaturated with respect to the calixarene extractant. The following solvent-component concentrations in Isopar{reg_sign} L diluent are recommended: 0.007 M calix[4]arene-bis(tert-octylbenzo-crown-6) (BOBCalixC6) extractant, 0.75 M 1-(2,2,3,3-tetrafluoropropoxy)-3-(4-sec-butylphenoxy)-2-propanol (Cs-7SB) phase modifier, and 0.003 M tri-n-octylamine (TOA) stripping aid. Criteria for this selection included BOBCalixC6 solubility, batch cesium distribution ratios (D{sub Cs}), calculated flowsheet robustness, third-phase formation, coalescence rate (dispersion numbers), and solvent density. Although minor compromises within acceptable limits were made in flowsheet robustness and solvent density, significant benefits were gained in lower risk of third-phase formation and lower solvent cost. Data are also reported for the optimized solvent regarding the temperature dependence of D{sub Cs} in extraction, scrubbing, and stripping (ESS); ESS performance on recycle; partitioning of BOBCalixC6, Cs-7SB, and TOA to aqueous process solutions; partitioning of organic anions; distribution of metals; solvent phase separation at low temperatures; solvent stability to elevated temperatures; and solvent density and viscosity. Overall, the technical risk of the CSSX process has been reduced by resolving previously identified issues and raising no new issues.

  20. Advanced monitoring technologies for the evaluation of demand-side management programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    De Almeida, A.T. [Coimbra Univ. (Portugal). Dept. of Electrical Engineering; Vine, E.L.

    1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report was commissioned by the California Institute for Energy Efficiency as part of its research mission to advance the energy efficiency and productivity of all end-use sectors in California. The aim of this study is to provide an assessment of the state-of-the-art technologies that can be used for monitoring and evaluating demand-side management (DSM) programs. Additionally, the study points out research, development, and demonstration projects whose implementation can contribute to a more accurate and cost-effective evaluation of the performance of end-use technologies. During the past two decades, technology developments in the fields of microelectronics, computers and communications had a large impact on monitoring equipment. The improvements achieved led to the appearance of increasingly powerful, convenient to use, and flexible equipment, enabling a wider application of end-use metering at a lower cost. Equipment specifications are getting closer and closer to an ``ideal`` monitoring system: Good accuracy, high reliability, moderate cost, large number of monitored end uses, large data storage capacity, flexible communications, non-intrusiveness, powerful preprocessing of data. This report briefly examines the following techniques that can be used for end-use monitoring: field test equipment, general purpose data loggers, run-time data loggers, utility-oriented data loggers, energy management systems, two-way communication, power line carrier techniques, direct and distributed load control, and non-intrusive load monitoring. The report concludes with recommendations for developing new measurement technologies, as well as additional research and development activities to support these efforts.

  1. Life extension program for the modular caustic side solvent extraction unit at Savannah River Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Samadi-Dezfouli, Azadeh

    2012-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Caustic Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX) is currently used at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Savannah River Site (SRS) for removal of cesium from the high-level salt-wastes stored in underground tanks. At SRS, the CSSX process is deployed in the Modular CSSX Unit (MCU). The CSSX technology utilizes a multi-component organic solvent and annular centrifugal contactors to extract cesium from alkaline salt waste. Coalescers and decanters process the Decontaminated Salt Solution (DSS) and Strip Effluent (SE) streams to allow recovery and reuse of the organic solvent and to limit the quantity of solvent transferred to the downstream facilities. MCU is operated in series with the Actinide Removal Process (ARP) which removes strontium and actinides from salt waste utilizing monosodium titanate. ARP and MCU were developed and implemented as interim salt processing until future processing technology, the CSSX-based Salt Waste Processing Facility (SWPF), is operational. SWPF is slated to come on-line in October 2014. The three year design life of the ARP/MCU process, however, was reached in April 2011. Nevertheless, most of the individual process components are capable of operating longer. An evaluation determined ARP/MCU can operate until 2015 before major equipment failure is expected. The three year design life of the ARP/MCU Life Extension (ARP/MCU LE) program will bridge the gap between current ARP/MCU operations and the start of SWPF operation. The ARP/MCU LE program introduces no new technologies. As a portion of this program, a Next Generation Solvent (NGS) and corresponding flowsheet are being developed to provide a major performance enhancement at MCU. This paper discusses all the modifications performed in the facility to support the ARP/MCU Life Extension. It will also discuss the next generation chemistry, including NGS and new stripping chemistry, which will increase cesium removal efficiency in MCU. Possible implementation of the NGS chemistry in MCU accomplishes two objectives. MCU serves as a demonstration facility for improved flowsheet deployment at SWPF; operating with NGS and boric acid validates improved cesium removal performance and increased throughput as well as confirms Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) ability to vitrify waste streams containing boron. NGS implementation at MCU also aids the ARP/MCU LE operation, mitigating the impacts of delays and sustaining operations until other technology is able to come on-line.

  2. NEXT GENERATION SOLVENT MATERIALS COMPATIBILITY WITH POLYMER COMPONENTS WITHIN MODULAR CAUSTIC-SIDE SOLVENT EXTRACTION UNIT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fondeur, F.; Peters, T.; Fink, S.

    2011-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The Office of Waste Processing, within the Office of Technology Innovation and Development, is funding the development of an enhanced solvent for deployment at the Savannah River Site for removal of cesium from High Level Waste. The technical effort is collaboration between Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL), and Argonne National Laboratory. The first deployment target for the technology is within the Modular Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction Unit (MCU). Deployment of a new chemical within an existing facility requires verification that the chemical components are compatible with the installed equipment. In the instance of a new organic solvent, the primary focus is on compatibility of the solvent with organic polymers used in the facility. This report provides the data from exposing these polymers to the Next Generation Solvent (NGS). The test was conducted over six months. An assessment of the dimensional stability of polymers present in MCU (i.e., PEEK, Grafoil{reg_sign}, Tefzel{reg_sign} and Isolast{reg_sign}) in the modified NGS (where the concentration of the guanidine suppressor and MaxCalix was varied systematically) showed that guanidine (LIX{reg_sign}79) selectively affected Tefzel{reg_sign} (by an increase in size and lowering its density). The copolymer structure of Tefzel{reg_sign} and possibly its porosity allows for the easier diffusion of guanidine. Tefzel{reg_sign} is used as the seat material in some of the valves at MCU. Long term exposure to guanidine, may make the valves hard to operate over time due to the seat material (Tefzel{reg_sign}) increasing in size. However, since the physical changes of Tefzel{reg_sign} in the improved solvent are comparable to the changes in the CSSX baseline solvent, no design changes are needed with respect to the Tefzel{reg_sign} seating material. PEEK, Grafoil{reg_sign} and Isolast{reg_sign} were not affected by guanidine and MaxCalix within six months of exposure. The initial rapid weight gain observed in every polymer is assigned to the finite and limited uptake of Isopar{reg_sign} L/Modifier by the polymers probably due to the polymers porosity and rough surfaces. Spectroscopic data on the organic liquid and the polymer surfaces showed no preferential adsorption of any component in the NGS to the polymers and no leachate was observed in the NGS from any of the polymers studied.

  3. Characterization of a clinical unit for digital radiography based on irradiation side sampling technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rivetti, Stefano [Fisica Medica, Ospedale di Sassuolo S.p.A., 41049 Sassuolo (Italy)] [Fisica Medica, Ospedale di Sassuolo S.p.A., 41049 Sassuolo (Italy); Lanconelli, Nico [Alma Mater Studiorum, Physics Department, University of Bologna, 40127 Bologna (Italy)] [Alma Mater Studiorum, Physics Department, University of Bologna, 40127 Bologna (Italy); Bertolini, Marco; Nitrosi, Andrea [Medical Physics Unit, Azienda Ospedaliera ASMN, Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico, 42123 Reggio Emilia (Italy)] [Medical Physics Unit, Azienda Ospedaliera ASMN, Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico, 42123 Reggio Emilia (Italy); Burani, Aldo [Ospedale di Sassuolo S.p.A., 41049 Sassuolo (Italy)] [Ospedale di Sassuolo S.p.A., 41049 Sassuolo (Italy)

    2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: A characterization of a clinical unit for digital radiography (FUJIFILM FDR D-EVO) is presented. This system is based on the irradiation side sampling (ISS) technology and can be equipped with two different scintillators: one traditional gadolinium-oxysulphide phosphor (GOS) and a needle structured cesium iodide (CsI) phosphor panel.Methods: The characterization was achieved in terms of response curve, modulation transfer function (MTF), noise power spectra (NPS), detective quantum efficiency (DQE), and psychophysical parameters (contrast-detail analysis with an automatic reading of CDRAD images). For both scintillation screens the authors accomplished the measurements with four standard beam conditions: RAQ3, RQA5, RQA7, and RQA9.Results: At the Nyquist frequency (3.33 lp/mm) the MTF is about 35% and 25% for CsI and GOS detectors, respectively. The CsI scintillator has better noise properties than the GOS screen in almost all the conditions. This is particularly true for low-energy beams, where the noise for the GOS system can go up to a factor 2 greater than that found for CsI. The DQE of the CsI detector reaches a peak of 60%, 60%, 58%, and 50% for the RQA3, RQA5, RQA7, and RQA9 beams, respectively, whereas for the GOS screen the maximum DQE is 40%, 44%, 44%, and 35%. The contrast-detail analysis confirms that in the majority of cases the CsI scintillator is able to provide improved outcomes to those obtained with the GOS screen.Conclusions: The limited diffusion of light produced by the ISS reading makes possible the achievement of very good spatial resolution. In fact, the MTF of the unit with the CsI panel is only slightly lower to that achieved with direct conversion detectors. The combination of very good spatial resolution, together with the good noise properties reached with the CsI screen, allows achieving DQE on average about 1.5 times greater than that obtained with GOS. In fact, the DQE of unit equipped with CsI is comparable to the best alternative methods available which are based on the same technology, and similar to others based on an a-Se direct conversion detectors.

  4. MODULAR CAUSTIC SIDE SOLVENT EXTRACTION UNIT (MCU) GAMMA MONITORS SYSTEM FINAL REPORT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Casella, V

    2005-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Department of Energy (DOE) selected Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX) as the preferred technology for the removal of radioactive cesium from High-Level Waste (HLW) at the Savannah River Site (SRS). Before the full-scale Salt Waste Processing Facility (SWPF) becomes operational, the Closure Business Unit (CBU) plans to process a portion of dissolved saltcake waste through a Modular CSSX Unit (MCU). This work was derived from Technical Task Request SP-TTR-2004-00013, ''Gamma Monitor for MCU''. The deliverables for this task are the hardware and software for the gamma monitors and a report summarizing the testing and acceptance of this equipment for use in the MCU. Gamma-ray monitors are required to: (1) Measure the Cs-137 concentration in the decontaminated salt solution before entering the DSS (Decontaminated Salt Solution) Hold Tank, (2) Measure the Cs-137 concentration in the strip effluent before entering the Strip Effluent Hold Tank, (3) Verify proper operation of the solvent extraction system by verifying material balance within the process (The DSS Hold Tank Cs-137 concentration will be very low and the Cs-137 concentration in the Strip Effluent Hold Tank will be fifteen times higher than the Cs-137 concentration in the Feed Tank.) Sodium iodide monitors are used to measure the Cs-137 concentration in the piping before the DSS Hold tank, while GM monitors are used for Cs-137 measurements before the Strip Effluent Hold Tank. Tungsten shields were designed using Monte Carlo calculations and fabricated to reduce the process background radiation at the detector positions. These monitors were calibrated with NIST traceable standards that were specially made to be the same as the piping being monitored. Since this gamma ray monitoring system is unique, specially designed software was written and acceptance tested by Savannah River National Laboratory personnel. The software is a LabView-based application that serves as a unified interface for controlling the monitor hardware and communicating with the host Distributed Control System (DCS). In order to provide user friendly software for the process personnel, the software was broken down into just a few software modules. These software modules are the Application Window, Detector Selection, Detector Configuration Settings, Background Counting, and Routine Data Acquisition. Instructions for using the software have been included in a user's manual that is appended to this report. The work presented in this report meets all of the requirements set forth in the project task plan to design and implement gamma ray monitors for the MCU. Additional setup and testing of the system will be required when it implemented in the process.

  5. Impacts of pellets injected from the low-field side on plasma in ITER

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wisitsorasak, A. [Mahidol University, Faculty of Science (Thailand); Onjun, T. [Thammasat University, School of Manufacturing Systems and Mechanical Engineering, Sirindhorn International Institute of Technology (Thailand)

    2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Impacts of pellets injected from the low-field side (LFS) on plasma in ITER are investigated using the 1.5D BALDUR integrated predictive modeling code. In these simulations, the pellet ablation is described using the neutral gas shielding (NGS) model. The pellet ablation model is coupled with the plasma core transport model, which is a combination of the MMM95 anomalous transport model and NCLASS neoclassical transport model. The boundary conditions are assumed to be at the top of the pedestal, in which the pedestal parameters are predicted using a pedestal model based on the theoretical-based pedestal width scaling (either magnetic and flow shear stabilization width scaling, or flow shear stabilization width scaling, or normalized poloidal pressure width scaling) and the infinite-n ballooning mode pressure gradient limit. These pedestal models depend sensitively on the density at the top of the pedestal, which can be strongly influenced by the injection of pellets. The combination of the MMM95 and NCLASS models, together with the pedestal and NGS models, is used to simulate the time evolution of the plasma current, ion and electron temperatures, and density profiles for ITER standard type-I ELMy H-mode discharges during the injection of LFS pellets. It is found that the injection of pellets results in a complicated plasma scenario, especially in the outer region of the plasma and the plasma conditions at the boundary in which the pellet has an impact on increasing the plasma edge density, but reducing the plasma edge temperature. The LFS pellet has a stronger impact on the edge as compared to the center. For fusion performance, the pellet can result in either enhancement or degradation, depending sensitively on the pellet parameters; such as the pellet size, pellet velocity, and pellet frequency. For example, when a series of deuterium pellets with a size of 0.5 cm, velocity of 1 km/s, and frequency of 2 Hz are injected into the ITER plasma from the LFS, the plasma performance, evaluated in terms of Q{sub fusion}, can increase to 72% of that before the use of pellets. It is also found that the injection of pellets results in an increase in the ion and electron densities, but does not enhance the central plasma density. On the other hand, it results in the formation of another peak of the plasma density in the outer region near the plasma edge. The formation of the density peak results in the reduction of plasma transports near the edge by decreasing the contributions of ion-temperature-gradient and trapped electron modes, as well as kinetic ballooning modes.

  6. Side-payment profitability and interacting eyeball ISPs under convex demand-response modeling congestion-sensitive applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kesidis, George

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper is concerned with the issue of side payments between content providers (CPs) and Internet service (access bandwidth) providers (ISPs) in an Internet that is potentially not neutral. We herein generalize past results modeling the ISP and CP interaction as a noncooperative game in two directions. We consider different demand response models (price sensitivities) for different provider types in order to explore when side payments are profitable to the ISP. Also, we consider convex (non-linear) demand response to model demand triggered by traffic which is sensitive to access bandwidth congestion, particularly delay-sensitive interactive real-time applications. Finally, we consider a model with two competing "eyeball" ISPs with transit pricing of net traffic at their peering point to study the effects of caching remote content.

  7. Electron transport in graphene/graphene side-contact junction by plane-wave multiple scattering method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Xiang-Guo; Zhang, X -G; Cheng, Hai-Ping

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electron transport in graphene is along the sheet but junction devices are often made by stacking different sheets together in a "side-contact" geometry which causes the current to flow perpendicular to the sheets within the device. Such geometry presents a challenge to first-principles transport methods. We solve this problem by implementing a plane-wave based multiple scattering theory for electron transport. This implementation improves the computational efficiency over the existing plane-wave transport code, scales better for parallelization over large number of nodes, and does not require the current direction to be along a lattice axis. As a first application, we calculate the tunneling current through a side-contact graphene junction formed by two separate graphene sheets with the edges overlapping each other. We find that transport properties of this junction depend strongly on the AA or AB stacking within the overlapping region as well as the vacuum gap between two graphene sheets. Such transport beh...

  8. Tuning Structural and Mechanical Properties of Two-Dimensional Molecular Crystals: The Roles of Carbon Side Chains

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cun, Huanyao (HY) [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Science; Wang, Yeliang (YL) [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Science; Du, S X [Chinese Academy of Sciences; Zhang, Lei [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Science; Zhang, Lizhi [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Science; Yang, Bing [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Science; He, Xiaobo [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Science; Wang, Yue [Jilin University, Changchun; Zhu, Xueyan [Chinese Academy of Sciences; Yuan, Quanzi [Chinese Academy of Sciences; Zhao, Ya-Pu [Chinese Academy of Sciences; Ouyang, Min [University of Maryland; Hofer, Werner A. [University of Liverpool; Pennycook, Stephen J [ORNL; Gao, Hong-jun [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Science

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A key requirement for the future applicability of molecular electronics devices is a resilience of their properties to mechanical deformation. At present, however, there is no fundamental understanding of the origins of mechanical properties of molecular films. Here we use quinacridone, which possesses flexible carbon side chains, as a model molecular system to address this issue. Eight molecular configurations with different molecular coverage are identified by scanning tunneling microscopy. Theoretical calculations reveal quantitatively the roles of different molecule-molecule and molecule-substrate interactions and predict the observed sequence of configurations. Remarkably, we find that a single Young's modulus applies for all configurations, the magnitude of which is controlled by side chain length, suggesting a versatile avenue for tuning not only the physical and chemical properties of molecular films but also their elastic properties.

  9. British Journal of Nutrition, 2010, Allam et al., Calcium carbonate blocks haem without side effect. Authors' Version 1 Calcium Carbonate Suppresses Haem Toxicity Markers without

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    British Journal of Nutrition, 2010, Allam et al., Calcium carbonate blocks haem without side effect. Authors' Version 1 Calcium Carbonate Suppresses Haem Toxicity Markers without Calcium Phosphate Side identified calcium carbonate as the most effective calcium salt to bind haem in vitro and to decrease faecal

  10. Figure 3: The process line seen from the side. The load lock connects the two glove boxes, separated by guillotine doors.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    be accessed from both sides. The crossing tubes are made in a slightly different dimension. This makes box side). 10. The service port for the spindle system. 11. The spacer between the load lock and glove an engineering shop can build the parts. The design is drawn in two dimensions seen from all the necessary angles

  11. Side 1 of 10 ALGORITHMS FOR WEB INDEXING AND SEARCHING 17. januar 2003 Jan M. Rise og Jakob S. Vesterstrm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brodal, Gerth Stølting

    . Først og fremmest bliver der ikke taget højde for hvor mange links, der udgšar fra side i; altsša iRank ved iterativt at udføre r := Mr, hvor r initielt er en tilfældig vektor. Denne metode kaldes ``power graf ved anvendelse af power iteration med et lille eksempel: Lad os forestille os en graf med en stor

  12. Full counting statistics as a probe of quantum coherence in a side-coupled double quantum dot system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xue, Hai-Bin, E-mail: xuehaibin@tyut.edu.cn

    2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We study theoretically the full counting statistics of electron transport through side-coupled double quantum dot (QD) based on an efficient particle-number-resolved master equation. It is demonstrated that the high-order cumulants of transport current are more sensitive to the quantum coherence than the average current, which can be used to probe the quantum coherence of the considered double QD system. Especially, quantum coherence plays a crucial role in determining whether the super-Poissonian noise occurs in the weak inter-dot hopping coupling regime depending on the corresponding QD-lead coupling, and the corresponding values of super-Poissonian noise can be relatively enhanced when considering the spins of conduction electrons. Moreover, this super-Poissonian noise bias range depends on the singly-occupied eigenstates of the system, which thus suggests a tunable super-Poissonian noise device. The occurrence-mechanism of super-Poissonian noise can be understood in terms of the interplay of quantum coherence and effective competition between fast-and-slow transport channels. -- Highlights: •The FCS can be used to probe the quantum coherence of side-coupled double QD system. •Probing quantum coherence using FCS may permit experimental tests in the near future. •The current noise characteristics depend on the quantum coherence of this QD system. •The super-Poissonian noise can be enhanced when considering conduction electron spin. •The side-coupled double QD system suggests a tunable super-Poissonian noise device.

  13. Extending the eigCG algorithm to non-symmetric linear systems with multiple right-hand sides

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abdou Abdel-Rehim, Kostas Orginos, Andreas Stathopoulos

    2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For Hermitian positive definite linear systems and eigenvalue problems, the eigCG algorithm is a memory efficient algorithm that solves the linear system and simultaneously computes some of its eigenvalues. The algorithm is based on the Conjugate-Gradient (CG) algorithm, however, it uses only a window of the vectors generated by the CG algorithm to compute approximate eigenvalues. The number and accuracy of the eigenvectors can be increased by solving more right-hand sides. For Hermitian systems with multiple right-hand sides, the computed eigenvectors can be used to speed up the solution of subsequent systems. The algorithm was tested on Lattice QCD problems by solving the normal equations and was shown to give large speed up factors and to remove the critical slowing down as we approach light quark masses. Here, an extension to the non-symmetric case based on the two-sided Lanczos algorithm is given. The new algorithm is tested on Lattice QCD problems and is shown to give promising results. We also study the removal of the critical slowing down and compare results with those of the eigCG algorithm. We also discuss the case when the system is gamma5-Hermitian.

  14. Acoustic emission analysis on tensile failure of steam-side oxide scales formed on T22 alloy superheater tubes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, Jun-Lin; Zhou, Ke-Yi, E-mail: boiler@seu.edu.cn; Xu, Jian-Qun [Key Laboratory of Energy Thermal Conversion and Control of Ministry of Education, School of Energy and Environment, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, Jiangsu Province (China); Wang, Xin-Meng; Tu, Yi-You [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, Jiangsu Province (China)

    2014-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Failure of steam-side oxide scales on boiler tubes can seriously influence the safety of coal-fired power plants. Uniaxial tensile tests employing acoustic emission (AE) monitoring were performed, in this work, to investigate the failure behavior of steam-side oxide scales on T22 alloy boiler superheater tubes. The characteristic frequency spectra of the captured AE signals were obtained by performing fast Fourier transform. Three distinct peak frequency bands, 100-170, 175-250, and 280-390 kHz, encountered in different testing stages were identified in the frequency spectra, which were confirmed to, respectively, correspond to substrate plastic deformation, oxide vertical cracking, and oxide spalling with the aid of scanning electronic microscopy observations, and can thus be used for distinguishing different oxide failure mechanisms. Finally, the critical cracking strain of the oxide scale and the interfacial shear strength of the oxide/substrate interface were estimated, which are the critical parameters urgently desired for modeling the failure behavior of steam-side oxide scales on boiler tubes of coal-fired power plants.

  15. Why the xE distribution triggered by a leading particle does not measure the fragmentation function but does measure the ratio of the transverse momenta of the away-side jet to the trigger-side jet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. J. Tannenbaum

    2007-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Hard-scattering of point-like constituents (or partons) in p-p collisions was discovered at the CERN-ISR in 1972 by measurements utilizing inclusive single or pairs of hadrons with large transverse momentum ($p_T$). It was generally assumed, following Feynman, Field and Fox, as shown by data from the CERN-ISR experiments, that the $p_{T_a}$ distribution of away side hadrons from a single particle trigger [with $p_{T_t}$], corrected for of fragmentation would be the same as that from a jet-trigger and follow the same fragmentation function as observed in $e^+ e^-$ or DIS. PHENIX attempted to measure the fragmentation function from the away side $x_E\\sim p_{T_a}/p_{T_t}$ distribution of charged particles triggered by a $\\pi^0$ in p-p collisions at RHIC and showed by explicit calculation that the $x_E$ distribution is actually quite insensitive to the fragmentation function. Illustrations of the original arguments and ISR results will be presented. Then the lack of sensitivity to the fragmentation function will be explained, and an analytic formula for the $x_E$ distribution given, in terms of incomplete Gamma functions, for the case where the fragmentation function is exponential. The away-side distribution in this formulation has the nice property that it both exhibits $x_E$ scaling and is directly sensitive to the ratio of the away jet $\\hat{p}_{T_a}$ to that of the trigger jet, $\\hat{p}_{T_t}$, and thus can be used, for example, to measure the relative energy loss of the two jets from a hard-scattering which escape from the medium in A+A collisions. Comparisons of the analytical formula to RHIC measurements will be presented, including data from STAR and PHENIX, leading to some interesting conclusions.

  16. Earth shelter 2. 1979-1980 USC Series

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Separate abstracts are prepared for 22 papers presented at the conference and exhibition. One paper had previously appeared in the appropriate DOE Energy Data Base. (MCW)

  17. Effectiveness of Urban Shelter-in-Place. II: Residential Districts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, W.R.; Nazaroff, W.W.; Price, P.N.; Gadgil, A.J.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    US EPA, 2006. Areal Locations of Hazardous Atmospheres User’as ALOHA (Areal Locations of Hazardous Atmospheres), assumes

  18. Effectiveness of Urban Shelter-in-Place. III: Commercial Districts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Wanyu R.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of chimney effect and ventilation system operation. ASHRAEwith mechanical ventilation systems on. The air infiltrationboth with mechanical ventilation systems turned off and with

  19. Efficient Earth-Sheltered Homes | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 Russian NuclearandJunetrack graphics4DimitriJune 30,NEW! Energy

  20. Florida's Emergency Shelters Go Solar | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO2: FinalOffers3.pdf0-45.pdf Flash2010-45.pdfFlash2011-43and Statement of

  1. Shelter Island Heights, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt LtdShawangunk, New York: Energy Resources Jump68552°,Information

  2. Shelter Island, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt LtdShawangunk, New York: Energy Resources

  3. Shelter Island, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt LtdShawangunk, New York: Energy Resources

  4. Rapid Deployment Shelter System | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)IntegratedSpeedingTechnicalPurchase, Delivery,Assistance ProgramLivingstonRandallRapid

  5. Rapid Deployment Shelter System, Application | Y-12 National Security

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)IntegratedSpeedingTechnicalPurchase, Delivery,Assistance

  6. Mechanical Demolition of Buildings with Concrete Asbestos Board Siding: Methodology, Precautions, and Results at the Hanford Central Plateau - 12417

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kehler, Kurt [Decommissioning and Demolition, CH2M HILL Plateau Remediation Company, Richland, Washington (United States)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the start of its contract in 2008, the CH2M Hill Plateau Remediation Company (CH2M HILL) has demolished 25 buildings with concrete asbestos board (CAB) siding using mechanical means. While the asbestos contained in CAB siding is not friable in its manufactured form, concerns persist that mechanical methods of demolition have the potential to render the asbestos friable and airborne, therefore posing a health risk to demolition workers and the public. CH2M HILL's experience demonstrates that when carefully managed, mechanical demolition of CAB siding can be undertaken safely, successfully, and in compliance with regulatory requirements for the disposal of Class II Asbestos-Containing Material (ACM). While the number of buildings demolished at Hanford and the number of samples collected does not make a conclusive argument that CAB cannot be made friable with normal demolition techniques, it certainly provides a significant body of evidence for the success of the approach. Of course, there are many factors that affect how to demolish a structure and dispose of the waste. These factors will impact the success depending on each site. The most obvious factors which contribute to this success at Hanford are: 1. The availability of onsite waste disposal where the handling and cost of asbestos-containing waste is not much different than other potentially contaminated waste. Therefore, segregation of demolition debris from the potential asbestos contamination is not necessary from a debris handling or asbestos disposal aspect. 2. The space between structures is typically significant enough to allow for large exclusion zones. There are not many restrictions due to cohabitation issues or potential contamination of adjacent facilities. 3. The willingness of the regulators and client to understand the industrial safety issues associated with manual CAB removal. (authors)

  7. Methods and sorbents for utilizing a hot-side electrostatic precipitator for removal of mercury from combustion gases

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Nelson, Sidney (Hudson, OH)

    2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods are provided for reducing emission of mercury from a gas stream by treating the gas with carbonaceous mercury sorbent particles to reduce the mercury content of the gas; collecting the carbonaceous mercury sorbent particles on collection plates of a hot-side ESP; periodically rapping the collection plates to release a substantial portion of the collected carbonaceous mercury sorbent particles into hoppers; and periodically emptying the hoppers, wherein such rapping and emptying are done at rates such that less than 70% of mercury adsorbed onto the mercury sorbent desorbs from the collected mercury sorbent into the gas stream.

  8. Dispersive properties and large Kerr nonlinearities using dipole-induced transparency in a single-sided cavity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Waks, Edo; Vuckovic, Jelena [E. L. Ginzton Labs Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States)

    2006-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We calculate the dispersive properties of a single-sided cavity coupled to a single dipole. We show that when a field is resonant with the dipole and the Purcell factor exceeds the bare cavity reflection coefficient, the field experiences a {pi} phase shift relative to reflection from a bare cavity. We then show that optically Stark shifting the dipole resonance with a second field creates large Kerr nonlinearities. An approximate expression for the total number of photons needed to create a {pi} phase shift is derived.

  9. Sol-Clad-Siding and Trans-Lucent-Insulation : curtain wall components for conserving dwelling heat by passive-solar means

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iliesiu, Doru

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A prototype for a dwelling heat loss compensator is introduced in this thesis, along with its measured thermal performance and suggestions for its future development. As a heat loss compensator, the Sol-Clad-Siding collects, ...

  10. Extending the eigCG algorithm to nonsymmetric Lanczos for linear systems with multiple right-hand sides

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abdel-Rehim, A. M.; Stathopoulos, Andreas; Orginos, Kostas

    2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The technique that was used to build the EigCG algorithm for sparse symmetric linear systems is extended to the nonsymmetric case using the BiCG algorithm. We show that, similarly to the symmetric case, we can build an algorithm that is capable of computing a few smallest magnitude eigenvalues and their corresponding left and right eigenvectors of a nonsymmetric matrix using only a small window of the BiCG residuals while simultaneously solving a linear system with that matrix. For a system with multiple right-hand sides, we give an algorithm that computes incrementally more eigenvalues while solving the first few systems and then uses the computed eigenvectors to deflate BiCGStab for the remaining systems. Our experiments on various test problems, including Lattice QCD, show the remarkable ability of EigBiCG to compute spectral approximations with accuracy comparable to that of the unrestarted, nonsymmetric Lanczos. Furthermore, our incremental EigBiCG followed by appropriately restarted and deflated BiCGStab provides a competitive method for systems with multiple right-hand sides.

  11. Windamper method of galloping control. Pt. II. Prediction of dynamic galloping. Final report. [Ice buildup on windward side

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richardson, A.S. Jr.

    1983-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This has been a technical review and extension of the Windamper methodology for controlling galloping (ice buildup on windward side). The new material consists of three main parts. First, there is the review and analysis of single conductor by coupled two-degree-of-freedom analysis. Second, there is the extension of that method to the bundled conductor. Third, there is the report of the new Windamper aerodynamic data (Appendix). The analytical work supports the general hypothesis and theory of Den Hartog. The Windamper appears to act to stabilize conductors which would otherwise become unstable when lift slope is negative. When lift slope is positive, a flutter type of gallop may be identified, owing to lee-side location of the damper c.g. In single conductors, the realization of the flutter gallop requires very large positive lift slope, and the torsion component dominates the motion which also would limit gallop amplitude. In bundled conductors, the realization of the flutter gallop requires only small positive lift slope because of the proximity of the two natural frequencies to each other. Very little torsion is present in the bundle motion, and the Windamper aerodynamic drag produces a net flow of energy to damp the motion.

  12. Lessons learned from new construction utility demand side management programs and their implications for implementing building energy codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wise, B.K.; Hughes, K.R.; Danko, S.L.; Gilbride, T.L.

    1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report was prepared for the US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Codes and Standards by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) through its Building Energy Standards Program (BESP). The purpose of this task was to identify demand-side management (DSM) strategies for new construction that utilities have adopted or developed to promote energy-efficient design and construction. PNL conducted a survey of utilities and used the information gathered to extrapolate lessons learned and to identify evolving trends in utility new-construction DSM programs. The ultimate goal of the task is to identify opportunities where states might work collaboratively with utilities to promote the adoption, implementation, and enforcement of energy-efficient building energy codes.

  13. FULL-SCALE TESTING OF A CAUSTIC SIDE SOLVENT EXTRACTION SYSTEM TO REMOVE CESIUM FROM SAVANNAH RIVER SITE RADIOACTIVE WASTE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poirier, M; Thomas Peters, T; Earl Brass, E; Stanley Brown, S; Mark Geeting, M; Lcurtis Johnson, L; Charles02 Coleman, C; S Crump, S; Mark Barnes, M; Samuel Fink, S

    2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Savannah River Site (SRS) personnel have completed construction and assembly of the Modular Caustic Side Solvent Extraction Unit (MCU) facility. Following assembly, they conducted testing to evaluate the ability of the process to remove non-radioactive cesium and to separate the aqueous and organic phases. They conducted tests at salt solution flow rates of 3.5, 6.0, and 8.5 gpm. During testing, the MCU Facility collected samples and submitted them to Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) personnel for analysis of cesium, Isopar{reg_sign} L, and Modifier [1-(2,2,3,3-tetrafluoropropoxy)-3-(4-sec-butylphenoxy)-2-propanol]. SRNL personnel analyzed the aqueous samples for cesium by Inductively-Coupled Plasma Mass Spectroscopy (ICP-MS) and the solvent samples for cesium using a Parr Bomb Digestion followed by ICP-MS. They analyzed aqueous samples for Isopar{reg_sign} L and Modifier by gas chromatography (GC).

  14. One-sided imaging of large, dense objects using the 511 keV photons from induced pair production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tavora, L.M.; Gilboy, W.B.; Morton, E.J. [Univ. of Surrey, Guildford (United Kingdom). Physics Dept.; Morgado, R.E.; Estep, R.J.; Rawool-Sullivan, M. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

    1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of annihilation photons from photon-induced electron-positron pair production as a means of inspecting objects when only one side is accessible is described. The Z2 dependence of the pair production cross section and the high penetration of 511 keV photons suggest that this method should be capable of localizing high Z materials in lower Z matrices. The experimental results for the dependence of the back streaming photon yield on Z indicate that dynamic ranges of the order of 20 may be obtained for materials with 4 < Z < 82. Results for point to point images obtained in line scans of representative geometries are also shown. Simulation studies based on the EGS4 Monte Carlo code were also performed and their results show an agreement with experimental data of the order of 5%.

  15. Influence of the pattern shape on the photonic efficiency of front-side periodically patterned ultrathin crystalline silicon solar cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herman, Aline; Depauw, Valerie; Daif, Ounsi El; Deparis, Olivier

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Patterning the front side of an ultra-thin crystalline silicon (c Si) solar cell helps keeping the energy conversion efficiency high by compensating for the light absorption losses. A super-Gaussian mathematical expression was used in order to encompass a large variety of nanopattern shapes and to study their influence on the photonic performance. We prove that the enhancement in the maximum achievable photo-current is due to both impedance matching condition at short wavelengths and to the wave nature of light at longer wavelengths. We show that the optimal mathematical shape and parameters of the pattern depend on the c Si thickness. An optimal shape comes with a broad optimal parameter zone where fabricating errors would have much less influence on the efficiency. We prove that cylinders are not the best suited shape. To compare our model with a real slab, we fabricated a nanopatterned c Si slab via Nano Imprint Lithography.

  16. Operating Experience and Lessons Learned in the Use of Soft-Sided Packaging for Transportation and Disposal of Low Activity Radioactive Waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kapoor, A. [DOE; Gordon, S. [NSTec; Goldston, W. [Energy Solutions

    2013-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the operating experience and lessons learned at U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) sites as a result of an evaluation of potential trailer contamination and soft-sided packaging integrity issues related to the disposal of low-level and mixed low-level (LLW/MLLW) radioactive waste shipments. Nearly 4.3 million cubic meters of LLW/MLLW will have been generated and disposed of during fiscal year (FY) 2010 to FY 2015—either at commercial disposal sites or disposal sites owned by DOE. The LLW/MLLW is packaged in several different types of regulatory compliant packaging and transported via highway or rail to disposal sites safely and efficiently in accordance with federal, state, and local regulations and DOE orders. In 1999, DOE supported the development of LLW containers that are more volumetrically efficient, more cost effective, and easier to use as compared to metal or wooden containers that existed at that time. The DOE Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL), working in conjunction with the plastic industry, tested several types of soft-sided waste packaging systems that meet U.S. Department of Transportation requirements for transport of low specific activity and surface contaminated objects. Since then, soft-sided packaging of various capacities have been used successfully by the decontamination and decommissioning (D&D) projects to package, transport, and dispose D&D wastes throughout the DOE complex. The joint team of experts assembled by the Energy Facility Contractors Group from DOE waste generating sites, DOE and commercial waste disposal facilities, and soft-sided packaging suppliers conducted the review of soft-sided packaging operations and transportation of these packages to the disposal sites. As a result of this evaluation, the team developed several recommendations and best practices to prevent or minimize the recurrences of equipment contamination issues and proper use of soft-sided packaging for transport and disposal of waste.

  17. Building America Case Study: Excavationless Exterior-Side Foundation Insulation for Existing Homes, Minneapolis, Minnesota (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NorthernSTAR

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Building science research supports installing exterior (soil side) foundation insulation as the optimal method to enhance the hygrothermal performance of new homes. With exterior foundation insulation, water management strategies are maximized while insulating the basement space and ensuring a more even temperature at the foundation wall. However, such an approach can be very costly and disruptive when applied to an existing home, requiring deep excavation around the entire house. The NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership team implemented an innovative, minimally invasive foundation insulation upgrade technique on an existing home. The approach consisted of using hydrovac excavation technology combined with a liquid insulating foam. The team was able to excavate a continuous 4" wide by 4' to 5' deep trench around the entire house, 128 linear feet, except for one small part under the stoop that was obstructed with concrete debris. The combination pressure washer and vacuum extraction technology also enabled the elimination of large trenches and soil stockpiles normally produced by backhoe excavation. The resulting trench was filled with liquid insulating foam, which also served as a water-control layer of the assembly. The insulation was brought above grade using a liquid foam/rigid foam hybrid system and terminated at the top of the rim joist. Cost savings over the traditional excavation process ranged from 23% to 50%. The excavationless process could result in even greater savings since replacement of building structures, exterior features, utility meters, and landscaping would be minimal or non-existent in an excavationless process.

  18. Aluminum Bronze Alloys to Improve the System Life of Basic Oxygen and Electric Arc Furnace Hoods, Roofs and Side Vents.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lawrence C. Boyd Jr.; Dr. Vinod K. Sikka

    2006-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy Industries of Ohio was the lead organization for a consortium that examined the current situation involving the service life of electric arc and basic oxygen furnace hoods, roofs and side vents. Republic Engineered Products (REP), one of the project partners, installed a full-scale Al-Bronze “skirt” in their BOF at their Lorain OH facility, believed to be the first such installation of this alloy in this service. In 24 months of operation, the Al-Bronze skirt has processed a total of 4,563 heats, requiring only 2 shutdowns for maintenance, both related to physical damage to the skirt from operational mishaps. Yearly energy savings related to the REP facility are projected to be ~ 10 billion Btu's with significant additional environmental and productivity benefits. In recognition of the excellent results, this project was selected as the winner of the Ohio’s 2006 Governor’s Award for Excellence in Energy, the state’s award for outstanding achievements in energy efficiency.

  19. Evaluation of Orange and Rockland Utilities, Inc.`s competitive bidding program for demand-side resources. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peters, J.S.; Stucky, L.; Seratt, P.; Darden-Butler, D. [Barakat and Chamberlin, Inc., Portland, OR (United States)

    1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The process evaluation reports on the implementation of Orange and Rockland Utilities demand-side bidding program in New York State during 1991 and 1992. The program is implemented by two energy service companies in Orange and rockland`s New York State service territory. The process evaluation methodology included interviews with utility staff (3), energy service company staff (2), and participating (6) and nonparticipating (7) utility customers. The two energy service companies had enrolled 14 customers in the program by summer 1992. One company had achieved 90% of their 2.75 MW bid and the other had achieved less than 90% of their 6.9 MW bid. Critical factors in success were determination of a reasonable bid amount for the market and marketing to the appropriate customers. Customers most interested in the program included those with limited access to capital and medium-sized firms with poor cash flows, particularly schools and hospitals. The findings also show that due to the incentive structure and associated need for substantial customer contributions, lighting measures dominate all installations. Customers, however, were interested in the potential savings and six of the nonparticipants chose to either install measures on their own or enroll in the utility`s rebate program.

  20. First Results from the DarkSide-50 Dark Matter Experiment at Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agnes, P; Alton, A; Arisaka, K; Back, H O; Baldin, B; Biery, K; Bonfini, G; Bossa, M; Brigatti, A; Brodsky, J; Budano, F; Cadonati, L; Calaprice, F; Canci, N; Candela, A; Cao, H; Cariello, M; Cavalcante, P; Chavarria, A; Chepurnov, A; Cocco, A G; Crippa, L; D'Angelo, D; D'Incecco, M; Davini, S; De Deo, M; Derbin, A; Devoto, A; Di Eusanio, F; Di Pietro, G; Edkins, E; Empl, A; Fan, A; Fiorillo, G; Fomenko, K; Forster, G; Franco, D; Gabriele, F; Galbiati, C; Goretti, A; Grandi, L; Gromov, M; Guan, M Y; Guardincerri, Y; Hackett, B; Herner, K; Hungerford, E V; Ianni, Al; Ianni, An; Jollet, C; Keeter, K; Kendziora, C; Kidner, S; Kobychev, V; Koh, G; Korablev, D; Korga, G; Kurlej, A; Li, P X; Loer, B; Lombardi, P; Love, C; Ludhova, L; Luitz, S; Ma, Y Q; Machulin, I; Mandarano, A; Mari, S; Maricic, J; Marini, L; Martoff, C J; Meregaglia, A; Meroni, E; Meyers, P D; Milincic, R; Montanari, D; Montuschi, M; Monzani, M E; Mosteiro, P; Mount, B; Muratova, V; Musico, P; Nelson, A; Odrowski, S; Okounkova, M; Orsini, M; Ortica, F; Pagani, L; Pallavicini, M; Pantic, E; Papp, L; Parmeggiano, S; Parsells, R; Pelczar, K; Pelliccia, N; Perasso, S; Pocar, A; Pordes, S; Pugachev, D; Qian, H; Randle, K; Ranucci, G; Razeto, A; Reinhold, B; Renshaw, A; Romani, A; Rossi, B; Rossi, N; Rountree, S D; Sablone, D; Saggese, P; Saldanha, R; Sands, W; Sangiorgio, S; Segreto, E; Semenov, D; Shields, E; Skorokhvatov, M; Smirnov, O; Sotnikov, A; Stanford, C; Suvorov, Y; Tartaglia, R; Tatarowicz, J; Testera, G; Tonazzo, A; Unzhakov, E; Vogelaar, R B; Wada, M; Walker, S; Wang, H; Wang, Y; Watson, A; Westerdale, S; Wojcik, M; Wright, A; Xiang, X; Xu, J; Yang, C G; Yoo, J; Zavatarelli, S; Zec, A; Zhu, C; Zuzel, G

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the first results of DarkSide-50, a direct search for dark matter operating in the underground Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso (LNGS) and searching for the rare nuclear recoils possibly induced by weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs). The dark matter detector is a Liquid Argon Time Projection Chamber with a (46.4+-0.7) kg active mass, operated inside a 30 t organic liquid scintillator neutron veto, which is in turn installed at the center of a 1 kt water Cherenkov veto for the residual flux of cosmic rays. We report here the null results of a dark matter search for a (1422+-67) kg d exposure with an atmospheric argon fill. This is the most sensitive dark matter search performed with an argon target, corresponding to a 90% CL upper limit on the WIMP-nucleon spin-independent cross section of 6.1x10^-44 cm^2 for a WIMP mass of 100 GeV/c^2.

  1. First Results from the DarkSide-50 Dark Matter Experiment at Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Agnes; T. Alexander; A. Alton; K. Arisaka; H. O. Back; B. Baldin; K. Biery; G. Bonfini; M. Bossa; A. Brigatti; J. Brodsky; F. Budano; L. Cadonati; F. Calaprice; N. Canci; A. Candela; H. Cao; M. Cariello; P. Cavalcante; A. Chavarria; A. Chepurnov; A. G. Cocco; L. Crippa; D. D'Angelo; M. D'Incecco; S. Davini; M. De Deo; A. Derbin; A. Devoto; F. Di Eusanio; G. Di Pietro; E. Edkins; A. Empl; A. Fan; G. Fiorillo; K. Fomenko; G. Forster; D. Franco; F. Gabriele; C. Galbiati; A. Goretti; L. Grandi; M. Gromov; M. Y. Guan; Y. Guardincerri; B. Hackett; K. Herner; E. V. Hungerford; Al. Ianni; An. Ianni; C. Jollet; K. Keeter; C. Kendziora; S. Kidner; V. Kobychev; G. Koh; D. Korablev; G. Korga; A. Kurlej; P. X. Li; B. Loer; P. Lombardi; C. Love; L. Ludhova; S. Luitz; Y. Q. Ma; I. Machulin; A. Mandarano; S. Mari; J. Maricic; L. Marini; C. J. Martoff; A. Meregaglia; E. Meroni; P. D. Meyers; R. Milincic; D. Montanari; A. Monte; M. Montuschi; M. E. Monzani; P. Mosteiro; B. Mount; V. Muratova; P. Musico; A. Nelson; S. Odrowski; M. Okounkova; M. Orsini; F. Ortica; L. Pagani; M. Pallavicini; E. Pantic; L. Papp; S. Parmeggiano; R. Parsells; K. Pelczar; N. Pelliccia; S. Perasso; A. Pocar; S. Pordes; D. Pugachev; H. Qian; K. Randle; G. Ranucci; A. Razeto; B. Reinhold; A. Renshaw; A. Romani; B. Rossi; N. Rossi; S. D. Rountree; D. Sablone; P. Saggese; R. Saldanha; W. Sands; S. Sangiorgio; E. Segreto; D. Semenov; E. Shields; M. Skorokhvatov; O. Smirnov; A. Sotnikov; C. Stanford; Y. Suvorov; R. Tartaglia; J. Tatarowicz; G. Testera; A. Tonazzo; E. Unzhakov; R. B. Vogelaar; M. Wada; S. Walker; H. Wang; Y. Wang; A. Watson; S. Westerdale; M. Wojcik; A. Wright; X. Xiang; J. Xu; C. G. Yang; J. Yoo; S. Zavatarelli; A. Zec; C. Zhu; G. Zuzel

    2015-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the first results of DarkSide-50, a direct search for dark matter operating in the underground Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso (LNGS) and searching for the rare nuclear recoils possibly induced by weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs). The dark matter detector is a Liquid Argon Time Projection Chamber with a (46.4+-0.7) kg active mass, operated inside a 30 t organic liquid scintillator neutron veto, which is in turn installed at the center of a 1 kt water Cherenkov veto for the residual flux of cosmic rays. We report here the null results of a dark matter search for a (1422+-67) kg d exposure with an atmospheric argon fill. This is the most sensitive dark matter search performed with an argon target, corresponding to a 90% CL upper limit on the WIMP-nucleon spin-independent cross section of 6.1x10^-44 cm^2 for a WIMP mass of 100 GeV/c^2.

  2. Effect of Front-Side Silver Metallization on Underlying n+-p Junction in Multicrystalline Silicon Solar Cells: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jiang, C. S.; Li, Z. G.; Moutinho, H. R.; Liang, L.; Ionkin, A.; Al-Jassim, M. M.

    2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on the effect of front-side Ag metallization on the underlying n+-p junction of multicrystalline Si solar cells. The junction quality beneath the contacts was investigated by characterizing the uniformities of the electrostatic potential and doping concentration across the junction, using scanning Kelvin probe force microscopy and scanning capacitance microscopy. We investigated cells with a commercial Ag paste (DuPont PV159) and fired at furnace setting temperatures of 800 degrees, 840 degrees, and 930 degrees C, which results in actual cell temperatures ~100 degrees C lower than the setting temperature and the three cells being under-, optimal-, and over-fired. We found that the uniformity of the junction beneath the Ag contact was significantly degraded by the over-firing, whereas the junction retained good uniformity with the optimal- and under-fire temperatures. Further, Ag crystallites with widely distributed sizes from <100 nm to several ?m were found at the Ag/Si interface of the over-fired cell. Large crystallites were imaged as protrusions into Si deeper than the junction depth. However, the junction was not broken down; instead, it was reformed on the entire front of the crystallite/Si interface. We propose a mechanism of the junction-quality degradation, based on emitter Si melting at the temperature around the Ag-Si eutectic point during firing, and subsequent recrystallization with incorporation of impurities in the Ag paste and with formation of crystallographic defects during quenching.

  3. P-60: The Performance Enhancement of the 2YAG Laser-Crystallized Poly-Si Using a Back-side Self-Heating Layer of a-Si

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P-60: The Performance Enhancement of the 2YAG Laser-Crystallized Poly-Si Using a Back-side Self-Heating-Si by doubled frequency YAG laser using a self-heating layer technology was proposed in this paper. The grain by using the self-heating layer technology. This technology has a dual heating effect: heat

  4. A review of "The Christian Soldier: Religious Tracts Published for Soldiers on Both Sides During and After the English Civil Wars." by Robert Thomas Fallon ed.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellen J. Jenkins

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    have demonstrated too little faith or too much sin. Nor should the good soldier despair when the battle is going against his side, since God has been known to send help ?in the very nicke of time? (16). The Pocket Bible was successful enough in its...

  5. An Integrated Power Pack of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell and Li Battery Based on Double-Sided TiO2 Nanotube Arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    An Integrated Power Pack of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell and Li Battery Based on Double-Sided TiO2 harvest and storage processes. This power pack incorporates a series-wound dye- sensitized solar cell, nanostructures have been widely used in energy harvesting devices, such as dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs

  6. Early Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Reducing Radiotherapy Side Effects: Early Results of a Randomized Trial in Oropharyngeal and Nasopharyngeal Cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Teguh, David N. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Levendag, Peter C., E-mail: p.levendag@erasmusmc.n [Department of Radiation Oncology, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Noever, Inge; Voet, Peter; Est, Henrie van der; Rooij, Peter van [Department of Radiation Oncology, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Dumans, Antoine G. [Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Boer, Maarten F. de [Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Huls, Michiel van der; Sterk, Wouter [Institute for Hyperbaric Medicine, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Schmitz, Paul [Department of Biostatistics of Erasmus Medical Center-Daniel den Hoed Cancer Center, Rotterdam (Netherlands)

    2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Comparison of quality of life (QoL) and side effects in a randomized trial for early hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) after radiotherapy (RT). Methods and Materials: From 2006, 19 patients with tumor originating from the tonsillar fossa and/or soft palate (15), base of tongue (1), and nasopharynx (3) were randomized to receive HBOT or not. HBOT consisted of 30 sessions at 2.5 ATA (15 msw) with oxygen breathing for 90 min daily, 5 days per week, applied shortly after the RT treatment was completed. As of 2005, all patients received validated questionnaires (i.e., the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer [EORTC] QLQ-C30, EORTC QLQ Head and Neck Cancer Module (H and N35), Performance Status Scale): before treatment; at the start of RT treatment; after 46 Gy; at the end of RT treatment; and 2, 4, and 6 weeks and 3, 6, 12, and 18 months after follow-up. Results: On all QoL items, better scores were obtained in patients treated with hyperbaric oxygen. The difference between HBOT vs. non-HBOT was significant for all parameters: EORTC H and N35 Swallowing (p = 0.011), EORTC H and N35 Dry Mouth (p = 0.009), EORTC H and N35, Sticky Saliva (p = 0.01), PSS Eating in Public (p = 0.027), and Pain in Mouth (visual analogue scale; p < 0.0001). Conclusions: Patients randomized for receiving hyperbaric oxygen after the RT had better QoL scores for swallowing, sticky saliva, xerostomia, and pain in mouth.

  7. Alkaline-Side Extraction of Cesium from Savannah River Tank Waste Using a Calixarene-Crown Ether Extractant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bonnesen, P.V.; Delmau, L.H.; Haverlock, T.J.; Moyer, B.A.

    1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Results are presented supporting the viability of the alkaline-side CSEX process as a potential replacement for the In-Tank Precipitation process for removal of cesium from aqueous high-level waste (HLW) at the Savannah River Site (SRS). Under funding from the USDOE Efficient Separations and Crosscutting program, a flowsheet was suggested in early June of 1998, and in the following four months, this flowsheet underwent extensive testing, both in batch tests at ORNL and ANL and in two centrifugal-contactor tests at ANL. To carry out these tests, the initial ESP funding was augmented by direct funds from Westinghouse Savannah River Corporation. The flowsheet employed a solvent containing a calixarene-crown hybrid compound called BoBCalixC6 that was invented at ORNL and can now be obtained commercially for government use from IBC Advanced Technologies. This special extractant is so powerful and selective that it can be used at only 0.01 M, compensating for its expense, but a modifier is required for use in an aliphatic diluent, primarily to increase the cesium distribution ratio D{sub Cs} in extraction. The modifier selected is a relatively economical fluorinated alcohol called Cs3, invented at ORNL and so far available. only from ORNL. For the flowsheet, the modifier is used at 0.2 M in the branched aliphatic kerosene Isopar{reg_sign} L. Testing at ORNL and ANL involved simulants of the SRS HLW. After extraction of the Cs from the waste simulant, the solvent is scrubbed with 0.05 M HNO{sub 3} and stripped with a solution comprised of 0.0005 M HNO{sub 3} and 0.0001 M CsNO{sub 3}. The selection of these conditions is justified in this report, both on the basis of experimental data and underlying theory.

  8. THE CHEMICAL AND RADIATION RESISTANCE OF POLYPHENYLENE SULFIIDE AS ENCOUNTERED IN THE MODULAR CAUSTIC SIDE SOLVENT EXTRACTION PROCESSES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fondeur, F.; Herman, D.; Poirier, M.; Fink, S.

    2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Polyphenylene sulfide (PPS) is a semicrystalline polymer with excellent engineering plastic properties and suitable processing temperatures. PPS can also be made containing branches (using a trifunctional monomer) and with crosslinked microstructure (when curing the monomer at high temperature in the presence of oxygen). PPS is made from the condensation reaction between para-dichlorobenzene and sodium sulfide with the assistance of a catalyst (to lower the activation barrier). The synthesis conditions for making PPS has evolved since its invention in the 1960's to the optimal conditions developed by the Philips Corporation in the 1970's. The resulting polymer consists of chemically stable molecular moieties such as benzene rings and ether like sulfur linkages between the aromatic rings. Polyphenylene sulfide (PPS) is extremely resistant to gamma irradiation, caustic solution, and dilute nitric acid. PPS is the material of construction for the coalescers used in the Modular Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction Unit (MCU). After applying the equivalent of 3.3 E8 rad (330 Mrad), or the equivalent of 11 years of gamma irradiation (assuming a stripping solution concentration of 7.5 Ci/gal), and several months of exposures to 3M caustic solution and caustic salt simulant, no dimensional changes nor chemical changes were detected in PPS whether the PPS was in fiber form or in a composite with E-glass fibers. However, PPS acts as a media for heterogeneous nucleation. In particular, PPS appears to favor aluminosilicate formation in saturated solutions of aluminum and silicon in caustic environments. Parallel testing, in progress, is examining the stability of PPS when exposed to the new solvent formulation under development for MCU. Preliminary data, after two months of exposure, demonstrates PPS is stable to the new solvent.

  9. The effects of side-chain-induced disorder on the emission spectra and quantum yields of oligothiophene nano-aggregates: A combined experimental and MD-TDDFT study

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Hong, Jiyun; Sfeir, Matthew Y.; Jeon, SuKyung; Kim, Janice J.; Devi, Diane; Chacon-Madrid, Kelly; Lee, Wynee; Koo, Seung Moh; Wildeman, Jurjen; Peteanu, Linda A.; et al

    2014-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Oligomeric thiophenes are commonly-used components in organic electronics and solar cells. These molecules stack and/or aggregate readily under the processing conditions used to form thin films for these applications, significantly altering their optical and charge-transport properties. To determine how these effects depend on the substitution pattern of the thiophene main chains, nano-aggregates of three sexi-thiophene (6T) oligomers having different alkyl substitution patterns were formed using solvent poisoning techniques and studied using steady-state and time-resolved emission spectroscopy. The results indicate the substantial role played by the side-chain substituents in determining the emissive properties of these species. Both the measured spectral changesmore »and their dependence on substitution are well modeled by combined quantum chemistry and molecular dynamics simulations. The simulations connect the side-chain-induced disorder, which determines the favorable chain packing configurations within the aggregates, with their measured electronic spectra.« less

  10. The effects of side-chain-induced disorder on the emission spectra and quantum yields of oligothiophene nano-aggregates: A combined experimental and MD-TDDFT study

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Hong, Jiyun [Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Sfeir, Matthew Y. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Jeon, SuKyung [Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Kim, Janice J. [Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Devi, Diane [Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Chacon-Madrid, Kelly [Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Lee, Wynee [Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Koo, Seung Moh [Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Wildeman, Jurjen [Zernike Institute of Advanced Materials Nijenborgh, Groningen (The Netherlands); Peteanu, Linda A. [Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Wen, Jin [Najing Univ., Nanjing (China); Ma, Jing [Najing Univ., Nanjing (China)

    2014-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Oligomeric thiophenes are commonly-used components in organic electronics and solar cells. These molecules stack and/or aggregate readily under the processing conditions used to form thin films for these applications, significantly altering their optical and charge-transport properties. To determine how these effects depend on the substitution pattern of the thiophene main chains, nano-aggregates of three sexi-thiophene (6T) oligomers having different alkyl substitution patterns were formed using solvent poisoning techniques and studied using steady-state and time-resolved emission spectroscopy. The results indicate the substantial role played by the side-chain substituents in determining the emissive properties of these species. Both the measured spectral changes and their dependence on substitution are well modeled by combined quantum chemistry and molecular dynamics simulations. The simulations connect the side-chain-induced disorder, which determines the favorable chain packing configurations within the aggregates, with their measured electronic spectra.

  11. Agriculture, irrigation, and drainage on the west side of the San Joaquin Valley, California: Unified perspective on hydrogeology, geochemistry and management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Narasimhan, T.N.; Quinn, N.W.T.

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this report is to provide a broad understanding of water-related issues of agriculture and drainage on the west side of the San Joaquin Valley. To this end, an attempt is made to review available literature on land and water resources of the San Joaquin Valley and to generate a process-oriented framework within which the various physical-, chemical-, biological- and economic components of the system and their interactions are placed in mutual perspective.

  12. NEXT GENERATION SOLVENT-MATERIALS COMPATIBILITY WITH POLYMER COMPONENTS WITHIN MODULAR CAUSTIC-SIDE SOLVENT EXTRACTION UNIT (FINAL REPORT)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fondeur, F.; Peters, T.; Fink, S.

    2012-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The Office of Waste Processing, within the Office of Technology Innovation and Development, is funding the development of an enhanced solvent for deployment at the Savannah River Site for removal of cesium from High Level Waste. The technical effort is collaboration between Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL), and Argonne National Laboratory. The first deployment target for the technology is within the Modular Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction Unit (MCU). Deployment of a new chemical within an existing facility requires verification that the chemical components are compatible with the installed equipment. In the instance of a new organic solvent, the primary focus is on compatibility of the solvent with organic polymers used in the facility. This report provides the data from exposing these polymers to the Next Generation Solvent (NGS). The test was conducted over six months. An assessment of the dimensional stability of polymers present in MCU (i.e., PEEK, Grafoil, Tefzel and Isolast) in the modified NGS (where the concentration of LIX{reg_sign}79 and MaxCalix was varied systematically) showed that LIX{reg_sign}79 selectively affected Tefzel and its different grades (by an increase in size and lowering its density). The copolymer structure of Tefzel and possibly its porosity allows for the easier diffusion of LIX{reg_sign}79. Tefzel is used as the seat material in some of the valves at MCU. Long term exposure to LIX{reg_sign}79, may make the valves hard to operate over time due to the seat material (Tefzel) increasing in size. However, since the physical changes of Tefzel in the improved solvent are comparable to the changes in the CSSX baseline solvent, no design changes are needed with respect to the Tefzel seating material. PEEK, Grafoil and Isolast were not affected by LIX{reg_sign}79 and MaxCalix within six months of exposure. The initial rapid weight gain observed in every polymer is assigned to the finite and limited uptake of Isopar{reg_sign} L/Modifier by the polymers probably due to the polymers porosity and rough surfaces. Spectroscopic data on the organic liquid and the polymer surfaces showed no preferential adsorption of any component in the NGS to the polymers and with the exception of CPVC, no leachate was observed in the NGS from any of the polymers studied. The testing shows no major concerns for compatibility over the short duration of these tests but does indicate that longer duration exposure studies are warranted, especially for Tefzel. However, the physical changes experienced by Tefzel in the improved solvent were comparable to the physical changes obtained when Tefzel is placed in CSSX baseline solvent. Therefore, there is no effect of the improved solvent beyond those observed in CSSX baseline solvent.

  13. Air-Side Energy Use Calculations for Four HVAC Systems: Dual Duct Constant Volume (DDCAV), Dual Duct Variable Volume (DDVAV), Constant Volume with Reheat (CAVRH0), Variable Volume with Reheat (VAVRH)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains engineering calculations for four (4) air-side, heating, ventilating and air-conditioning systems (HVAC) systems, including: dual duct constant volume (DDCAV), dual duct variable volume (DDVAV), constant volume with reheat...

  14. DEMONSTRATION OF THE NEXT-GENERATION CAUSTIC-SIDE SOLVENT EXTRACTION SOLVENT WITH 2-CM CENTRIGUGAL CONTRACTORS USING TANK 49H WASTE AND WASTE SIMULANT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pierce, R.; Peters, T.; Crowder, M.; Pak, D.; Fink, S.; Blessing, R.; Washington, A.; Caldwell, T.

    2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Researchers successfully demonstrated the chemistry and process equipment of the Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX) flowsheet using MaxCalix for the decontamination of high level waste (HLW). The demonstration was completed using a 12-stage, 2-cm centrifugal contactor apparatus at the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL). This represents the first CSSX process demonstration of the MaxCalix solvent system with Savannah River Site (SRS) HLW. Two tests lasting 24 and 27 hours processed non-radioactive simulated Tank 49H waste and actual Tank 49H HLW, respectively. A solvent extraction system for removal of cesium from alkaline solutions was developed utilizing a novel solvent invented at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). This solvent consists of a calix[4]arene-crown-6 extractant dissolved in an inert hydrocarbon matrix. A modifier is added to the solvent to enhance the extraction power of the calixarene and to prevent the formation of a third phase. An additional additive is used to improve stripping performance and to mitigate the effects of any surfactants present in the feed stream. The process that deploys this solvent system is known as Caustic Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX). The solvent system has been deployed at the Savannah River Site (SRS) in the Modular CSSX Unit (MCU) since 2008.

  15. Impacts of Western Area Power Administration`s power marketing alternatives on utility demand-side management and conservation and renewable energy programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cavallo, J.D.; Germer, M.F.; Tompkins, M.M.

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Western Area Power Administration (Western) requires all of its long-term firm power customers to implement programs that promote the conservation of electric energy or facilitate the use of renewable energy resources. Western has also proposed that all customers develop integrated resource plans that include cost-effective demand-side management programs. As part of the preparation of Western`s Electric Power Marketing Environmental Impact Statement, Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) developed estimates of the reductions in energy demand resulting from Western`s conservation and renewable energy activities in its Salt Lake City Area Office. ANL has also estimated the energy-demand reductions from cost-effective, demand-side management programs that could be included in the integrated resource plans of the customers served by Western`s Salt Lake City Area Office. The results of this study have been used to adjust the expected hourly demand for Western`s major systems in the Salt Lake City Area. The expected hourly demand served as the basis for capacity expansion plans develops with ANL`s Production and Capacity Expansion (PACE) model.

  16. Synthesis of MOF having hydroxyl functional side groups and optimization of activation process for the maximization of its BET surface area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Jongsik [Hanwha Chemical Research and Development Center, 6, Shinseong-dong, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-804 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Dong Ok, E-mail: gmjong37@gmail.com [Hanwha Chemical Research and Development Center, 6, Shinseong-dong, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-804 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Dong Wook; Sagong, Kil [Hanwha Chemical Research and Development Center, 6, Shinseong-dong, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-804 (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    To accomplish the postsynthetic modification of MOF with organic-metal precursors (OMPs) described in our previous researches more efficiently, synthesis of MOF (HCC-2) possessing relatively larger pore size as well as higher number of hydroxyl functional side groups per its base unit than those of HCC-1 has been successfully conducted via adopting 1,4-di-(4-carboxy-2,6-dihydroxyphenyl)benzene as an organic ligand and Zn(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}{center_dot}6H{sub 2}O as a metal source, respectively. Also, optimization about the Activation process of HCC-2 was performed to maximize its BET (Brunauer-Emmett-Teller) surface area which was proved to be proportional to the number of exposed active sites on which its postsynthetic modification occurred. However, Activation process having been validated to be so effective with the acquirement of highly-purified HCC-1 (CO{sub 2} supercritical drying step followed by vacuum drying step) was less satisfactory with the case of HCC-2. This might be attributed to relatively higher hydrophilicity and bulkier molecular structure of organic ligand of HCC-2. However, it was readily settled by simple modification of above Activation process. Moreover, indispensable residues composed of both DMF and its thermally degraded derivatives which were chemically attached via coordination bond with hydroxyl functionalities even after Activation process III might enable their H{sub 2} adsorption properties to be seriously debased compared to that of IRMOF-16 having no hydroxyl functionalities. - Graphical abstract: Synthesis of new-structured MOF (HCC-2) simultaneously possessing relatively larger pore size as well as higher number of hydroxyl functional side groups per its base unit at the same time than those of HCC-1 has been performed via adopting 1,4-di-(4-carboxy-2,6-dihydroxyphenyl)benzene as an organic ligand and Zn(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}{center_dot}6H{sub 2}O as a metal source, respectively. Also, the optimization of activation process for HCC-2 was conducted to maximize its BET surface area while the suitability of this activation process was proved via SEM, TGA, EA, XRF, and PSD. Being compared with the crystal structures of IRMOF-16 and HCC-1 via XRD and FT-IR analysis, the crystal structure of HCC-2 having an identical chemical structure except the introduction of four hydroxyl functional side groups on the backbone of its organic ligand showed no noticeable change. Specifically, HCC-2 was established as a cubic structure with each axis of about 21.5 A. Moreover, H{sub 2} adsorption isotherms for these HCCs were attained to ultimately examine that hydroxyl functionalities inside their pores have any influence on their H{sub 2} adsorption properties. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer HCC-2 having higher number of hydroxyl groups than that of HCC-1 was prepared. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The optimization of activation process for HCC-2 was studied. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The crystal structure of HCC-2 was a cubic-shaped structure with each axis of 21.5 A. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer -OH functionalities on HCCs had negative influence on their H{sub 2} adsorption abilities. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This might be due to impurities rigidly attached to their functional side groups.

  17. Design and testing of a control strategy for a large naturallyventilated office building

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carrilho da Graca, Guilherme; Linden, Paul F.; Haves, Philip

    2004-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The design for the new Federal Building for San Franciscoincludes an office tower that is to be naturally ventilated. Each flooris designed to be cross-ventilated, through upper windows that arecontrolled by the building management system (BMS). Users have controlover lower windows, which can be as much as 50 percent of the totalopenable area. There are significant differences in the performance andthe control of the windward and leeward sides of the building, andseparate monitoring and control strategies are determined for each side.The performance and control of the building has been designed and testedusing a modified version of EnergyPlus. Results from studies withEnergyPlus and CFD are used in designing the control strategy. EnergyPluswas extended to model a simplified version of the airflow patterndetermined using CFD. Wind-driven cross-ventilation produces a main jetthrough the upper openings of the building, across the ceiling from thewindward to the leeward side. Below this jet, the occupied regions aresubject to a recirculating air flow. Results show that temperatureswithin the building are predicted to be satisfactory, provided a suitablecontrol strategy is implemented uses night cooling in periods of hotweather. The control strategy has 10 window opening modes. EnergyPlus wasextended to simulate the effects of these modes, and to assess theeffects of different forms of user behavior. The results show how userbehavior can significantly influence the buildingperformance.

  18. FRACTAL TREES WITH SIDE BRANCHING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1998-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

    University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 ... plants and trees, root systems, bronchial systems, ... D as the power-law scaling exponent between num-.

  19. Likely stories and other sides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jennings, Glenna

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    back. Half of Knin is Croatian, the other is Ethnic Serb.previously seen housing Croatian Slivovice. This one has aon little trips to his Croatian and German pasts right here

  20. Either side of a line

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Lowell Mick

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    with a collage of photos taped to the dashboard and airbag of the car ? photos of her. Larry was in some of them, but most of them were of her, alone. Photos from the old days, young Bonnie ? Jesus, she thought ? wearing short fraying cut-offs and t...-shirts, holding beers or cigarettes, smiling, happy. ?Larry, stop it.? ?Stop what?? he asked. ?This!? Bonnie tapped on the photo collage laminated to the airbag of the taxi. She tapped again on one of her standing outside a music hall...

  1. Supply-side utility economics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Platt, H.D.

    1985-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

    This article makes two main points: that electricity is a necessary resource, and that utilities respond to incentives as do individuals. From them, the author deduces that the US will have a power shortage within the foreseeable future unless utility regulators begin to consider future power plant needs realistically.

  2. Likely stories and other sides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jennings, Glenna

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    slut! ” (The writer had big boobs herself, so I take it thisyellow bubbles and bobbing boobs. Alfred is back with the

  3. San Augustine West Side School 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raiford Stripling Associates, Inc.; Stripling, Raiford L.

    2011-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    , AND FORAGE PRODUCTION OF MIXED VARIETAL POPULATIONS, AND PURE STANDS OF VARIETIES IN WHEAT AND OATS By Renaud Wilfred da Gama Rose A Thesis Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fuli'illment of the requirements.... , is the most important disease of oats. Leaf rust, of wheat, PE~~a Eggg+~ Rob ex Deem. , damages wheat, reduoing the forage and grain production (9). Both diseases are potentially 1mportant hasarda in Texas every year and may cause serious losses (1...

  4. Either side of a line 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Lowell Mick

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    and fear, of dislocation and greater dislocation. iv DEDICATION To the Memory of Alan Gingras, 1947-2004 v ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Special thanks to Pamela Booton, Melissa Wellington, Dr. Charles H. Rowell, and the staff of Callaloo ? Toni Alvarado... stepped up to buy it. Bonnie smiled at the girl, noticing that Travis sort of wanted to check out the girl?s ass but was also sort of afraid to. She shook her head. When the girl left with the necklace, Bonnie said, ?Travis.? ?Hey, you know, I...

  5. Not Treaty Side2.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for Renewable Energy:Nanowire Solar541,9337,2AprilBigtoDepartment of »Writers:NotNot

  6. Another Side of Light - A

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth DocumentationProductsAlternative FuelsSanta3 Tableimpurity ion heating from The fact that

  7. Another Side of Light - B

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth DocumentationProductsAlternative FuelsSanta3 Tableimpurity ion heating from The fact

  8. Another Side of Light - C

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth DocumentationProductsAlternative FuelsSanta3 Tableimpurity ion heating from The factC.

  9. Another Side of Light - D

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth DocumentationProductsAlternative FuelsSanta3 Tableimpurity ion heating from The factC.D.

  10. Study of Bs mixing at the CDFII experiment with a newly developed opposite side b-flavour tagging algorithm using kaons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salamanna, Giuseppe; /INFN, Rome

    2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis describes the development, calibration and performance evaluation of an Opposite-side b flavor tagger using K mesons at a p{bar p} hadron collider. In particular, this work is performed using data collected by the Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF) during the Run II of the Tevatron hadron collider running at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV. b flavor tagging consists of the determination of the flavor of the b quark contained within a hadron. This information is vital to perform any time-dependent measurement involving flavor asymmetries in b hadron decays and flavor oscillations, where it is necessary to know whether a b or {bar b} was contained in a hadron when it was produced. Although at a hadron collider the biggest challenge is probably to perform an effective selection of interesting events in real time and with the best signal-to-background ratio, the statistical significance of any time-dependent measurement is proportional to the effectiveness with which the selected data sample is tagged.

  11. Double-sided reel-to-reel metal-organic chemical vapor deposition system of YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-?} thin films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Fei; Xiong, Jie, E-mail: jiexiong@uestc.edu.cn; Liu, Xin; Zhao, Ruipeng; Zhao, Xiaohui; Tao, Bowan; Li, Yanrong [State Key Laboratory of Electronic Thin Film and Integrated Devices, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054 (China)

    2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Two-micrometer thick YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-?} (YBCO) films have been successfully deposited on both sides of LaAlO{sub 3} single crystalline substrates by using a home-made reel-to-reel metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) system, which has two opposite symmetrical shower heads and a special-designed heater. This technique can simultaneously fabricate double-sided films with high deposition rate up to 500?nm/min, and lead to doubling current carrying capability of YBCO, especially for coated conductors (CCs). X-ray diffraction analysis showed that YBCO films were well crystallized and highly epitaxial with the full width at half maximum values of 0.2°???0.3° for the rocking curves of (005) YBCO and 1.0° for ?-scans of (103) YBCO. Scanning electron microscope revealed dense, crack-free, slightly rough surface with Ba-Cu-O precipitates. The films showed critical current density (J{sub c}, 77?K, 0?T) of about 1 MA/cm{sup 2}, and overall critical current of 400?A/cm, ascribed to the double-sided structure. Our results also demonstrated that the temperature and composition in the deposition zone were uniform, which made MOCVD preparation of low cost and high performance double-sided YBCO CCs more promising for industrialization.

  12. SU-E-J-32: Calypso(R) and Laser-Based Localization Systems Comparison for Left-Sided Breast Cancer Patients Using Deep Inspiration Breath Hold

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robertson, S [Northwest Medical Physics Center, Lynnwood, WA (United States); Kaurin, D; Sweeney, L [Northwest Medical Physics Center, Lynnwood, WA (United States); Seattle Cancer Care Alliance, Seattle, WA (United States); Kim, J; Fang, L; Tran, A [Seattle Cancer Care Alliance, Seattle, WA (United States); University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle, WA (United States); Holloway, K [Seattle Cancer Care Alliance, Seattle, WA (United States)

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Our institution uses a manual laser-based system for primary localization and verification during radiation treatment of left-sided breast cancer patients using deep inspiration breath hold (DIBH). This primary system was compared with sternum-placed Calypso(R) beacons (Varian Medical Systems, CA). Only intact breast patients are considered for this analysis. Methods: During computed tomography (CT) simulation, patients have BB and Calypso(R) surface beacons positioned sternally and marked for free-breathing and DIBH CTs. During dosimetry planning, BB longitudinal displacement between free breathing and DIBH CT determines laser mark (BH mark) location. Calypso(R) beacon locations from the DIBH CT are entered at the Tracking Station. During Linac simulation and treatment, patients inhale until the cross-hair and/or lasers coincide with the BH Mark, which can be seen using our high quality cameras (Pelco, CA). Daily Calypso(R) displacement values (difference from the DIBH-CT-based plan) are recorded.The displacement mean and standard deviation was calculated for each patient (77 patients, 1845 sessions). An aggregate mean and standard deviation was calculated weighted by the number of patient fractions.Some patients were shifted based on MV ports. A second data set was calculated with Calypso(R) values corrected by these shifts. Results: Mean displacement values indicate agreement within 1±3mm, with improvement for shifted data (Table). Conclusion: Both unshifted and shifted data sets show the Calypso(R) system coincides with the laser system within 1±3mm, demonstrating either localization/verification system will Resultin similar clinical outcomes. Displacement value uncertainty unilaterally reduces when shifts are taken into account.

  13. Receptor-independent, vacuolar ATPase-mediated cellular uptake of histamine receptor-1 ligands: Possible origin of pharmacological distortions and side effects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morissette, Guillaume [Centre de Recherche en Rhumatologie et Immunologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Quebec QC, G1V 4G2 (Canada)]|[Department of Medicine, Universite Laval (Canada); Lodge, Robert [Centre de Recherche en Infectiologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Quebec QC, G1V 4G2 (Canada); Bouthillier, Johanne [Centre de Recherche en Rhumatologie et Immunologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Quebec QC, G1V 4G2 (Canada)]|[Department of Medicine, Universite Laval (Canada); Marceau, Francois [Centre de Recherche en Rhumatologie et Immunologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Quebec QC, G1V 4G2 (Canada)]|[Department of Medicine, Universite Laval (Canada)], E-mail: francois.marceau@crchul.ulaval.ca

    2008-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The aims of this study were to investigate whether several histamine receptor agonists and antagonists are subjected to receptor-independent ion trapping into acidic organelles, and whether this sequestration influences their pharmacological or toxicological properties. Vacuolar (V)-ATPase-dependent intracellular sequestration of agonists was recognized as morphological alterations (large fluid-filled vacuoles for betahistine and 1-methylhistamine, granular uptake for fluorescent BODIPY FL histamine) prevented by the specific V-ATPase inhibitor bafilomycin A1 in rabbit vascular smooth muscle cells. Lipophilicity was the major determinant of these cellular effects (order of potency: BODIPY FL histamine > betahistine > 1-methylhistamine > histamine) that occurred at high concentrations. This ranking was dissociable from the potency order for H{sub 1} receptor-mediated contraction of the rabbit aorta, a response uninfluenced by bafilomycin. Antihistamines are inherently more lipophilic and caused vacuolization of a proportion of cells at 5-500 {mu}M. Agonist or antagonist-induced vacuoles were of macroautophagic nature (labeled with GFP-conjugated LC3, Rab7 and CD63; detection of LC3 II). Further, the 2 most lipophilic antihistamines tested, astemizole and terfenadine, were potentiated by V-ATPase blockade in the aortic contractility assay (13- and 3.6-fold more potent, respectively, pA{sub 2} scale), suggesting that V-ATPase-mediated cation trapping sequesters these antagonists from the vicinity of H{sub 1} receptors in the therapeutic concentration range. This potentiation did not apply to less lipophilic antagonists (pyrilamine, diphenhydramine). While some agonists and all tested antagonists of the histamine H{sub 1} receptors induce the V-ATPase-dependent vacuolar and autophagic cytopathology, sequestration affects the pharmacology of only the most lipophilic antagonists, the ones prone to off-target arrhythmogenic side effects.

  14. Does Mechanical Thrombectomy in Acute Embolic Stroke Have Long-term Side Effects on Intracranial Vessels? An Angiographic Follow-up Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kurre, Wiebke, E-mail: w.kurre@klinikum-stuttgart.de; Perez, Marta Aguilar; Horvath, Diana [Klinikum Stuttgart, Klinik fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Neuroradiologie (Germany); Schmid, Elisabeth; Baezner, Hansjoerg [Klinikum Stuttgart, Neurologische Klinik (Germany); Henkes, Hans, E-mail: HHHenkes@aol.com [Klinikum Stuttgart, Klinik fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Neuroradiologie (Germany)

    2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose. Mechanical thrombectomy (mTE) proved to be effective treating acute vessel occlusions with an acceptable rate of procedural complications. Potential long-term side effects of the vessel wall trauma caused by mechanical irritation of the endothelium are unknown up to now. Methods. From a retrospectively established database of 640 acute stroke treatments, we selected 261 patients with 265 embolic vessel occlusions treated successfully by mTE without permanent implantation of a stent. Analysis comprised the type of devices used and the number of passes performed. Digital subtraction angiography immediately after treatment was evaluated for vasospasm, dissection, and extravasation. Control angiographic images were evaluated for any morphological change compared to the immediate posttreatment angiographic run. Results. Recanalization was achieved with a median of one (range 1-10) mTE maneuvers. Vasospasm occurred in 69 territories (26.0 %) and was treated with glyceroltrinitrate in three. Dissection was observed in one vessel (0.4 %). Intraprocedural hemorrhage in two patients (0.8 %) was either wire or device induced. Follow-up digital subtraction angiography was available for 117 territories after a median of 107 days, revealing target vessel occlusion in one segment (0.9 %) and a de novo stenosis of four segments (3.4 %). All findings were clinically asymptomatic. Posttreatment vasospasm was more frequent in patients with de novo stenosis and occlusion (p = 0.038). Conclusion. De novo stenoses and occlusions occur in a small proportion of patients after mTE. Because all lesions were clinically asymptomatic, this finding does not affect the overall benefit of the treatment. Vasospasm may predict late vessel wall changes.

  15. Decision-making in demand-side management collaboratives: The influence of non-utility parties on electric-utility policies and programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schweitzer, M. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); English, M.; Schexnayder, S. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)] [and others

    1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the late 1980s, a number of electric utilities and interested non-utility parties (NUPs)-such as environmental groups, large industrial customers, and state government agencies-have tried a new approach to reaching agreement on program design and policy issues related to utility use of Demand-Side Management (DSM) resources. Through this new arrangement, known as the DSM collaborative process, parties who have often been adversaries attempt to resolve their differences through compromise and consensus rather than by using traditional litigation. This paper-which is based on studies of over a dozen collaboratives nationwide-discusses the organizational structure of collaboratives, the ways in which NUPs have been involved in the decision-making process, and how the amount of influence exerted by the NUPs is related to collaborative accomplishments. Most of the collaboratives studied had two organizational levels: a {open_quotes}working group{close_quotes} that provided policy direction and guidance for the collaborative and {open_quotes}subgroups{close_quotes} that performed the detailed tasks necessary to flesh out individual DSM programs. Most collaboratives also had a coordinator who was charged with scheduling meetings, exchanging information, and performing other important organizational functions, and it was common for the utility to fund consultants to provide expert assistance for the NUPs. In general, the utilities reserved the final decision-making prerogative for themselves, in line with their ultimate responsibility to shareholders, customers, and regulators. Still, there was substantial variation among the collaboratives in terms of how actively consensus was sought and how seriously the inputs of the NUPs were taken. In general, the collaboratives that resulted in the largest effects on utility DSM usage were those in which the utilities were most willing to allow their decisions to be shaped by the NUPs.

  16. The evolution of shelter: ecology and ethology of chimpanzee nest building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stewart, Fiona Anne

    2011-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

    sleep amount (measured in total hrs of sleep and sleep quality) and sleep disturbance (measured by waking events and mean sleep bout length) between nest and ground conditions. ..................................................................... 87... ................................................................................................................................... 83 Sleep quality ............................................................................................................................................ 83 Anti...

  17. The politics and anti-politics of shelter policy in Chennai, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raman, Nithya Varsha

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many scholars argue that global forces, such as increased economic integration into the global economy or interventions from international aid agencies, are directly affecting the governance of municipalities. This paper ...

  18. Teachers as a Context of Reception for Immigrant Youth: Adaptations in "Sheltered" and "Mainstream" Classrooms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dabach, Dafney Blanca

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ms. Benavides Science Mr. Montero Science Irish Americanquickly burnt out. Mr. Montero, a self-identified Mexican-3/28/08) Unless Mr. Montero actively complained, the default

  19. Teachers as a Context of Reception for Immigrant Youth: Adaptations in "Sheltered" and "Mainstream" Classrooms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dabach, Dafney Blanca

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    American South and its relationship to the US color line. To exclusively focus on immigrants’ integration—

  20. The feasibility of using paperboard as a basic material for housing shelters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thorpe, Roscoe Paul

    1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . The paperboard industry has developed rapidly since 1894 and is now a highly mechanized system capable of producing 600 lineal feet of corrugated board per minute by one machine. Roll stands have been mechanized; corrugated rolls are chrome-plated; drying...

  1. SHELTER-IN-PLACE STRATEGY: CONFINE, AN AIRTIGHTNESS LEVEL CALCULATION TOOL TO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    .Guyot@developpement-durable.gouv.fr 2 INERIS Parc Technologique Alata, BP2, 60550 Verneuil-en-Halatte, France 3 ICEE 93 rue Molière developed by CETE de Lyon, this software is a pressure code able to model the infiltration of a pollutant-makings. CONFINE'S OVERVIEW: THEORETICAL BASIS OF AN ORIGINAL APPROACH CONFINE is a pressure code, which considers

  2. Shelter Use, Movement, and Home Range of Spiny Lobsters in San Diego County

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hovel, Kevin; Lowe, Chris

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sheephead Black Sea Bass Kelp Bass Potential Predator Figureand sea urchins that consume kelp, thereby promoting thelandscapes in the Pt. Loma kelp forest near San Diego for

  3. Shelter Use, Movement and Home Range of Spiny Lobsters in San Diego County

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hovel, Kevin; Lowe, Chris

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the heavily fished Pt. Loma kelp beds, as lobsters observedin Southern California kelp forests. 2006. Center forin a southern California kelp forest. 2006. Loflen, C.L. and

  4. Picking up the pieces : transitional shelters for disaster relief in the northern mountainous regions of Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Weifeng Victoria

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis seeks to tackle a complex problem - disaster housing relief - from the angle of architecture design discipline and attempts to find a logical approach to solve such a problem via an in depth examination of a ...

  5. Sheltering in place : the limits of integrative bargaining following industrial accidents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macey, Gregg P

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study grew out of an interest in environmental justice and the unique problems faced by neighborhoods located near petrochemical facilities. It also focuses on negotiation theory and how it can be applied under an ...

  6. Shelter from the Storm: Upgrading Housing Infrastructure in Latin American Slums

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gertler, Paul; Galiani, Sebastian; Cooper, Ryan; Martinez, Sebastian; Ross, Adam; Undurraga, Raimundo

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Up Survey El Salvador Uruguay Mexico Obs. Obs. Obs. Obs.Control Differences Uruguay Observations Observations Meanof Security on Program Dummy. Uruguay Mexico El Salvador

  7. "Shelter within my reach" : medium rise apartment housing for the middle income group in Karachi, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahmood, Saman, 1972-

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis identifies the project development processes of medium rise (five storied or less) apartment housing built by the private formal sector, catering to the middle income groups in Karachi, Pakistan. Middle income ...

  8. Attributes of Indoor Environmental Quality to Earth-sheltered Building Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheta, S.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    limitations. These revolve around a number of key issues: - The increasing consumption of energy compared to the limited reserves of fossil fuels available to meet future demand. - Effect on global climate of burning fossil fuels. - The pollution... Gamasa, Egypt ABSTRACT This paper discusses the environmental attributes to underground building shape and configuration, materials, structures, use, maintenance, lighting, occupancy, and management. These criteria are hypothesized to be of more...

  9. Tree shelters and weed control enhance growth and survival of natural blue oak seedlings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    natural regeneration of blue oaks Initial height Treatmental. 1993. Growth trends of blue oak (Quercus douglasii) in1997. Stand-level status of blue oak sapling recruitment and

  10. Continuity and change, an archaeobotanical assessment of Tsosie Shelter, Black Mesa, Arizona

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruppe?, Patricia A

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Crank, Mabel Crank, Phzl Duncan, Yvette Duncan, Annze Herrera, Johna Mutira, Maxine Kescoli, Antoinette Masawistewa, Marie Peaches, Alison Rautman, and Kathy Smiley. Without their assistance, support, and humor, this tudy would have been even longer...

  11. Hunchback Shelter: A Fremont Lithic Production Site in the Mineral Mountains of Eastern Utah

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greubel, Rand A.; Andrews, Bradford W.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mineral Mountains or Black Rock sources (Talbot et al. 2000:Canyon, and Black Rock obsidian source areas. occupations

  12. Cyclone shelters and cyclone resilient design in coastal areas of Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jia, Zheng, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bangladesh is one of those countries that are most vulnerable to tropical cyclones. In recent decades, cyclone mitigations by the Government of Bangladesh and international organizations have greatly increased the coastal ...

  13. Tree Shelters Fail to Enhance Height Growth of Northern Red Oak in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Seedlings were not undercut or top clipped after planting. Exp. Design (Phase 1): A 2X2 factorial, four (WC & PS) Exp. Design (Phase 2): Two treatments, four replications. Plastic mesh protectors were added

  14. ORISE: Operating Public Shelters in a Radiation Emergency | How ORISE is

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated CodesTransparencyDOENurse Triage Lines Support ORISE contributesMaking a

  15. MHK Projects/GCK Technology Shelter Island NY US | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf KilaueaInformationCygnet < MHKSound, NY ProjectAdams <US <

  16. MHK Projects/Shelter Island Tidal Energy Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf KilaueaInformationCygnet.7413°,Scotlandville BendBillia Croo,New

  17. E-Shelters to Teach a Valuable Lesson on Energy | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you0andEnergyGlobal NuclearofCommunication |Does YourDr.

  18. Double-sided Tl{sub 2}Ba{sub 2}Ca{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 10} thin films based high temperature superconducting filter operating above 100?K

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xie, Wei; Wang, Pei; He, Ming, E-mail: heming@nankai.edu.cn; Qiao, Ren; Du, Jia-Nan; Gao, Xiao-Xin; Liu, Xin; Zhang, Xu; Ji, Lu; Chen, Hai-Hua; Zhao, Xin-Jie, E-mail: zhaoxj@nankai.edu.cn [College of Electronic Information and Optical Engineering, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071 (China)

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A high temperature superconducting (HTS) filter on double-sided Tl{sub 2}Ba{sub 2}Ca{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 10} (Tl-2223) thin films is designed in this letter. High-quality double-sided Tl-2223 thin films are prepared on 10?×?10?×?0.5?mm{sup 3} LaAlO{sub 3} (001) substrate. The critical temperatures T{sub c} of the films are 120?±?1?K and the critical current densities J{sub c} are 3–4 MA/cm{sup 2} at 77?K for both sides. X-ray diffraction ?-2? scans and rotational ?-scans prove that the films are strongly textured with the c axis perpendicular to the substrate surface. A 3-pole band-pass filter is then fabricated on the Tl-2223 thin films with 4% relative bandwidth and a center frequency of 4.0 GHz. At 77?K, 100?K, and 102?K, the insertion loss in the passband is 0.088?dB, 0.21?dB, and 0.27?dB, respectively. These performances show that the proposed HTS filter is satisfying even when the operating temperature is above 100?K, which makes it possible to work in outer space without cryogenic systems.

  19. DEMONSTRATION OF THE NEXT-GENERATION CAUSTIC-SIDE SOLVENT EXTRACTION SOLVENT WITH 2-CM CENTRIFUGAL CONTRACTORS USING TANK 49H WASTE AND WASTE SIMULANT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pierce, R.; Peters, T.; Crowder, M.; Caldwell, T.; Pak, D; Fink, S.; Blessing, R.; Washington, A.

    2011-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Researchers successfully demonstrated the chemistry and process equipment of the Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX) flowsheet using MaxCalix for the decontamination of high level waste (HLW). The demonstration was completed using a 12-stage, 2-cm centrifugal contactor apparatus at the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL). This represents the first CSSX process demonstration of the MaxCalix solvent system with Savannah River Site (SRS) HLW. Two tests lasting 24 and 27 hours processed non-radioactive simulated Tank 49H waste and actual Tank 49H HLW, respectively. Conclusions from this work include the following. The CSSX process is capable of reducing {sup 137}Cs in high level radioactive waste by a factor of more than 40,000 using five extraction, two scrub, and five strip stages. Tests demonstrated extraction and strip section stage efficiencies of greater than 93% for the Tank 49H waste test and greater than 88% for the simulant waste test. During a test with HLW, researchers processed 39 liters of Tank 49H solution and the waste raffinate had an average decontamination factor (DF) of 6.78E+04, with a maximum of 1.08E+05. A simulant waste solution ({approx}34.5 liters) with an initial Cs concentration of 83.1 mg/L was processed and had an average DF greater than 5.9E+03, with a maximum DF of greater than 6.6E+03. The difference may be attributable to differences in contactor stage efficiencies. Test results showed the solvent can be stripped of cesium and recycled for {approx}25 solvent turnovers without the occurrence of any measurable solvent degradation or negative effects from minor components. Based on the performance of the 12-stage 2-cm apparatus with the Tank 49H HLW, the projected DF for MCU with seven extraction, two scrub, and seven strip stages operating at a nominal efficiency of 90% is {approx}388,000. At 95% stage efficiency, the DF in MCU would be {approx}3.2 million. Carryover of organic solvent in aqueous streams (and aqueous in organic streams) was less than 0.1% when processing Tank 49H HLW. The entrained solvent concentration measured in the decontaminated salt solution (DSS) was as much as {approx}140 mg/L, although that value may be overstated by as much as 50% due to modifier solubility in the DSS. The entrained solvent concentration was measured in the strip effluent (SE) and the results are pending. A steady-state concentration factor (CF) of 15.9 was achieved with Tank 49H HLW. Cesium distribution ratios [D(Cs)] were measured with non-radioactive Tank 49H waste simulant and actual Tank 49H waste. Below is a comparison of D(Cs) values of ESS and 2-cm tests. Batch Extraction-Strip-Scrub (ESS) tests yielded D(Cs) values for extraction of {approx}81-88 for tests with Tank 49H waste and waste simulant. The results from the 2-cm contactor tests were in agreement with values of 58-92 for the Tank 49H HLW test and 54-83 for the simulant waste test. These values are consistent with the reference D(Cs) for extraction of {approx}60. In tests with Tank 49H waste and waste simulant, batch ESS tests measured D(Cs) values for the two scrub stages as {approx}3.5-5.0 for the first scrub stage and {approx}1.0-3.0 for the second scrub stage. In the Tank 49H test, the D(Cs) values for the 2-cm test were far from the ESS values. A D(Cs) value of 161 was measured for the first scrub stage and 10.8 for the second scrub stage. The data suggest that the scrub stage is not operating as effectively as intended. For the simulant test, a D(Cs) value of 1.9 was measured for the first scrub stage; the sample from the second scrub stage was compromised. Measurements of the pH of all stage samples for the Tank 49H test showed that the pH for extraction and scrub stages was 14 and the pH for the strip stages was {approx}7. It is expected that the pH of the second scrub stage would be {approx}12-13. Batch ESS tests measured D(Cs) values for the strip stages to be {approx}0.002-0.010. A high value in Strip No.3 of a test with simulant solution has been attributed to issues associated with the limits of detection for the

  20. Hawaii demand-side management resource assessment. Final report, Reference Volume 3 -- Residential and commercial sector DSM analyses: Detailed results from the DBEDT DSM assessment model; Part 1, Technical potential

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Hawaii Demand-Side Management Resource Assessment was the fourth of seven projects in the Hawaii Energy Strategy (HES) program. HES was designed by the Department of Business, Economic Development, and Tourism (DBEDT) to produce an integrated energy strategy for the State of Hawaii. The purpose of Project 4 was to develop a comprehensive assessment of Hawaii`s demand-side management (DSM) resources. To meet this objective, the project was divided into two phases. The first phase included development of a DSM technology database and the identification of Hawaii commercial building characteristics through on-site audits. These Phase 1 products were then used in Phase 2 to identify expected energy impacts from DSM measures in typical residential and commercial buildings in Hawaii. The building energy simulation model DOE-2.1E was utilized to identify the DSM energy impacts. More detailed information on the typical buildings and the DOE-2.1E modeling effort is available in Reference Volume 1, ``Building Prototype Analysis``. In addition to the DOE-2.1E analysis, estimates of residential and commercial sector gas and electric DSM potential for the four counties of Honolulu, Hawaii, Maui, and Kauai through 2014 were forecasted by the new DBEDT DSM Assessment Model. Results from DBEDTs energy forecasting model, ENERGY 2020, were linked with results from DOE-2.1E building energy simulation runs and estimates of DSM measure impacts, costs, lifetime, and anticipated market penetration rates in the DBEDT DSM Model. Through its algorithms, estimates of DSM potential for each forecast year were developed. Using the load shape information from the DOE-2.1E simulation runs, estimates of electric peak demand impacts were developed. Numerous tables and figures illustrating the technical potential for demand-side management are included.

  1. Abstract: The challenges in nuclear safeguards and in nuclear security have significantly changed over the last decades. On the one side nuclear safeguards evolved from the simple verifica9on of declared amounts of material to a more informa9on driven app

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abstract: The challenges in nuclear safeguards and in nuclear security have significantly changed over the last decades. On the one side nuclear safeguards evolved-doctoral researcher where he analysed dissolu9on residues from reprocessing of nuclear fuels

  2. Air-Side Energy Use Calculations for Four HVAC Systems: Dual Duct Constant Volume (DDCAV), Dual Duct Variable Volume (DDVAV), Constant Volume with Reheat (CAVRH), Variable Volume with Reheat (VAVRH), Four Pipe Fan Coil Unit (FC), Four Pipe Induction Unit (FI), and Single Zone (SZ) Systems, Revised June 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Bou-Saada, T. E.; Saman, N. F.

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains engineering calculations for seven (7) air-side, heating, ventilating and air conditioning systems (HVAC) systems, including: dual duct constant volume (DDCAV), dual duct variable volume (DDVAV), constant volume with reheat...

  3. Side Reactions in Lithium-Ion Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, Maureen Han-Mei

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CHARACTERIZATION ON HIGHLY ORIENTED PYROLYTIC GRAPHITE cator of electrode passivation in realistic battery

  4. Integration of Demand Side Management, Distributed Generation...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    integration of energy efficiency, distributed generation, renewable energy resources and energy storage technologies, both locally and globally, to maximize the value of the...

  5. Side 1 af 43 Alternative Additives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) ...............................................................12 5.1.2 Melting analysis of bleaching earth waste, sand, anorthosite, and clay sludge.............................................................................33 7.4 CLAY-SLUDGE................................................

  6. Integration of Demand Side Management, Distributed Generation...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    generation, smart grid and energy storage. Annex 9 is a list of pilot programs and case studies, with links to those resources. References Retrieved from "http:...

  7. Side Reactions in Lithium-Ion Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, Maureen Han-Mei

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    experimental data from plastic lithium ion cells. Journal ofelectrolyte additive for lithium-ion batteries. Elec-A. Aging Mechanisms in Lithium-Ion Batteries. Journal of

  8. Local government and demand-side bidding

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vine, E.

    1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory's (LBL) technical assistance to the Sustainable City Project, the issue of DSM bidding was examined as a possible option for local government. The recent interest and activity in DSM bidding around the country presents an opportunity for local government. Potential benefits for local government include increased installation of energy efficiency measures in municipal facilities and in the community, economic development, an additional source of revenue to help pay for municipal programs (including additional conservation efforts), and an enhanced local image. Local government will most likely participate in DSM bidding as a customer or as a client of an energy service company (ESCO). The exact role will depend on local government's response to key issues associated with DSM bidding, such as performance guarantees, quality assurance procedures (measuring savings and providing financial security), and the administrative burden. In addition, local government will have to weigh the advantages and disadvantages of working with an ESCO. While local government has not yet participated in DSM bidding, local government is in a unique position to take advantage of energy efficiency opportunities as owner-operators of municipal facilities which consume significant amounts of energy, planners and regulators of new development, and general providers of services and assistance to their communities. Furthermore, local governments have lower risks (in terms of program success) than small businesses, and local governments' credibility and experience in dealing with customers may reduce high transaction costs associated with DSM bidding. Despite these advantages, local governments should take a cautious approach in participating in DSM bidding processes, and should carefully examine other strategies for promoting energy efficiency (including participation in conventional utility programs) prior to participating in DSM bidding.

  9. The Other Side of Africa, with Children

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hobbs, Jerry R.

    . There was no long-distance telephone system while we were there; they were getting it replaced, and had taken out from seven to midnight in the evenings, and in the other cities we could never be certain the air conditioners in our hotel would be working when we retreated to them in the hot afternoons. We never had hot

  10. The Other Side of Africa, with Children

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hobbs, Jerry R.

    . There was no long­distance telephone system while we were there; they were getting it replaced, and had taken out from seven to midnight in the evenings, and in the other cities we could never be certain the air conditioners in our hotel would be working when we retreated to them in the hot afternoons. We never had hot

  11. Side Reactions in Lithium-Ion Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, Maureen Han-Mei

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Secondary Lithium Batteries. Journal of the Electrochemicalin Rechargeable Lithium Batteries for Overcharge Protection.G. M. in Handbook of Batteries (eds Linden, D. & Reddy, T.

  12. Preserving the Scholarly Side of the Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mikeal, Adam; Green, Cody; Maslov, Alexey; Phillips, Scott; Leggett, John

    2007-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

    involved the aplication of HTML Tidy to fix many of the isues asociated with the older HTML code—misuse of ele- ments, improper nesting of tags, mixed semantic and presentation data, etc. The next stage was to convert the articles—now validating XHTML... partialy ad- dresed by the use of HTML Tidy, but the problems of inconsistent structure and mesage preservation proved more dificult. Inconsistent structure—that is, inconsis- tency betwen article structure and content within the limits of the overal...

  13. Side Reactions in Lithium-Ion Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, Maureen Han-Mei

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    simulate those in a lithium battery. Chapter 3 TransientModel for Aging of Lithium-Ion Battery Cells. Journal of TheRole in Nonaqueous Lithium-Oxygen Battery Electrochemistry.

  14. FAR SIDE ONLY SECTION A-A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    NOTES 1. WELDING SHALL BE PERFORMED IN ACCORDANCE WITH ASME SECTION IX. NO CODE STAMP REQUIRED. 2. ALL is property of 1. ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES 2. INTERPRET DIMENSIONS AND TOLERANCES PER ASME Y14.5M 3 REQUIRED. NO RADIOGRAPHY REQUIRED. 2. ALL WELDS SHALL BE DYE PENETRANT INSPECTED. WITH ASME SECTION IX

  15. SUPPLY-SIDE OPTIMIZATION : MAXIMIZING ABSORPTIVE RATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jumars, Pete

    and Piglet walked home thoughtfully together in the golden evening, and for a long time they were silent The World of Pooh INTRODUCTION The complexities of feeding behavior extend far beyond the simple priorities source of the material and energy for this escalation in heterotrophs with digestive tracts is absorption

  16. The Other Side of Paradise Issue 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multiple Contributors

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1 J • --- ---- "~ • • , - • -~--~ • THE ElTHER SI19E elF P-RR-RI:lISE/2 AvaiLable for $2.75 1n penJon . $4 . .57/1at , or $).05/4U!. Foreij!Tl orders please serd U.S . Jl'Urda. Order hOIl' A.y Falkow! t.z 32) }ll~on Ave . I) Kt. Vll"1... WHERE J did ,:ret into this. (Be81~M . .. .-e of you have heard 1t already . , But , be-thlLt-a8- 1t-IllaY , Slgne and I have nOli coapleWd this aeeord ish of T , D, S , O. P ., and 1. at least, &111 nther proud of the tMne: . it has ~ulred • lot...

  17. The human side of Hurricane Andrew

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marshall, R.; Callander, R.C.

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper examines the long-term psychological effects of the nation`s worst natural disaster on the employees of the Turkey Point nuclear power plant. It also examines the efforts made by plant personnel and company volunteers to aid employees` families affected by the storm. Despite significant damage at the plant, unit 4 was returned to service 5 weeks after the August 24, 1992, hurricane. Unit 3 was returned to service on December 3, 1992. Unit 3 was originally scheduled to start a refueling outage the day Hurricane Andrew struck. While plant personnel are still recovering from Andrew`s impact, the plant`s performance has never been better. On May 26, 1993, the plant completed a record-breaking 46-day refueling outage - 7 days ahead of schedule and $3 million under budget. Turkey Point`s recovery, return to service, and superior performance would not have been possible without the efforts of hundreds of employees who put their personal tragedies aside and focused on the common goal of the plant`s operation. To help employees with rebuilding their lives, the plant launched extensive assistance programs. Although the plant returned to normal operation, plant personnel continue to struggle in a community whose infrastructure (homes, schools, stores, etc.) have been almost eliminated.

  18. Electric Utility Demand-Side Evaluation Methodologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Treadway, N.

    of many publ ic projects because it provides a framework for public agency appraisal of noncommercial activities. Its application allows a summary of the benefits and costs of an activity from the perspective of society and the taxpayer or... of the rate impact at one point in tim.e. Rates do not change for ':the nonparticipant, or? for anyone ~lse unti 1. ?autil.ity' requests and receives a rate change. In Texas;.? r?atesar.e? based on the average embedded costs of a? one year historic time...

  19. Side Reactions in Lithium-Ion Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, Maureen Han-Mei

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for rechargeable lithium batteries. Advanced Materials 10,Protection of Secondary Lithium Batteries. Journal of thein Rechargeable Lithium Batteries for Overcharge Protection.

  20. TRIANGLES WITH INTEGER SIDES Michael D. Hirschhorn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hirschhorn, Mike

    . Math. Monthly 86(1979), 686--689. [6] Nicholas Krier and Bennet Manvel, Counting integer triangles

  1. The foul side of 'clean coal'

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, J.

    2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    As power plants face new air pollution control, ash piles and their environmental threats are poised to grow. Recent studies have shown that carcinogens and other contaminants in piles of waste ash from coal-fired power plants can leach into water supplies at concentrations exceeding drinking water standards. Last year an ash dam broke at the 55-year old power plant in Kingston, TN, destroying homes and rising doubts about clean coal. Despite the huge amounts of ash generated in the USA (131 mtons per year) no federal regulations control the fate of ash from coal-fired plants. 56% of this is not used in products such as concrete. The EPA has found proof of water contamination from many operating ash sites which are wet impoundments, ponds or reservoirs of some sort. Several member of Congress have show support for new ash-handling requirements and an inventory of waste sites. Meanwhile, the Kingston disaster may well drive utilities to consider dry handling. 3 photos.

  2. Synthesis of polyphosphazenes with sulfonimide side groups

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Allcock, Harry R. (State College, PA); Hofmann,; Michael A. (Brookhaven, PA); Ambler, Catherine M. (State College, PA); Andrew, Maher E. (Little Britian, CA); Wood, Richard M. (State College, PA); Welna, Daniel T. (State College, PA)

    2010-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention relates to sulfonimide bearing phenolic compounds and the use of those compounds to produce polyphosphazenes functionalized by one or more of those compounds alone, or in combination with cosubstituents. The invention also relates to blends of sulfonimide functionalized phosphazene polymers with other polymers, membranes formed of the functionalized polymers, and the use of those membranes in devices such as fuel cells.

  3. Supply-side Resources & Planning Assumptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - station Solar PV (from 6th Plan) 25 MW dc/20 MW net ac output using flat plate non concentrating single) ­ Storage Resource assessment data needs and applications R d f t Resources proposed for assessment Forecasts ProCost 46/19/2013 #12;6/19/2013 3 Resource data & planning assumptions Reference plant (New

  4. Side Reactions in Lithium-Ion Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, Maureen Han-Mei

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Model for the Graphite Anode in Li-Ion Batteries. Journal ofgraphite Chapters 2-3 have developed a method using ferrocene to characterize the SEI in lithium- ion batteries.

  5. Side Reactions in Lithium-Ion Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, Maureen Han-Mei

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and EIS models. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .state and EIS fitting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .ferrocene EIS in LiClO 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  6. Appendix D: Results from side cases

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion CubicPotentialNov-14 Dec-14 Jan-1538,469Appendix E44D-2 Table

  7. List of Siding Incentives | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf KilaueaInformation Other Alternative FuelEnergy Jump to:Listsource

  8. Vinyl Siding Institute (VSI) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown of Ladoga,planningFlowmeterUtah: Energy Resources Jump to:Vinyl Kraft

  9. Food, Carvings and Shelter: The Adoption and Appropriation of Information and Communication Technologies in Tanzanian Micro and Small Enterprises 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Molony, Thomas S J

    African countries have recently experienced an extraordinary and largely unanticipated boom in the uptake of mobile phones, and increasing rates of access to the internet. This thesis investigates how and why these ...

  10. Side-by-Side Testing of Commercial Office Lighting Systems: Two-lamp Fluorescent Fixtures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, D. S.; Schrum, L.; Sonne, J. K.; Stedman, T. C.

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lighting systems in commercial office buildings are primary determinants of building energy use. In warmer climates, lighting energy use has important implications for building cooling loads as well as those directly associated with illumination...

  11. Indledning Velkommen til Microsoft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Side 4 Inspiration Vi er drevet af passion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Side 8

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunt, Galen

    af software og it-lřsninger . Siden 1990 har Microsoft vćret reprćsenteret i Danmark, hvor vi i dag Danmark kombinerer det bedste fra to verdener: det ameri- kanske fokus pĺ performance og talentudvikling,fleksibilitetogklaremĺlervoresDNA. Hos Microsoft Danmark er vi 450 medarbejdere med vidt forskellige baggrunde og kompetenc

  12. Side-by-Side Field Evaluation of Highly Insulating Windows in the PNNL Lab Homes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Widder, Sarah H.; Parker, Graham B.; Baechler, Michael C.; Bauman, Nathan N.

    2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To examine the energy, air leakage, and thermal performance of highly insulating windows, a field evaluation was undertaken in a matched pair of all-electric, factory-built “Lab Homes” located on the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) campus in Richland, Washington. The “baseline” Lab Home B was retrofitted with “standard” double-pane clear aluminum-frame slider windows and patio doors, while the “experimental” Lab Home A was retrofitted with Jeld-Wen® triple-pane vinyl-frame slider windows and patio doors with a U-factor of 0.2 and solar heat gain coefficient of 0.19. To assess the window, the building shell air leakage, energy use, and interior temperatures of each home were compared during the 2012 winter heating and summer cooling seasons. The measured energy savings in Lab Home B averaged 5,821 watt-hours per day (Wh/day) during the heating season and 6,518 Wh/day during the cooling season. The overall whole-house energy savings of Lab Home B compared to Lab Home A are 11.6% ± 1.53% for the heating season and 18.4 ± 2.06% for the cooling season for identical occupancy conditions with no window coverings deployed. Extrapolating these energy savings numbers based on typical average heating degree days and cooling degree days per year yields an estimated annual energy savings of 12.2%, or 1,784 kWh/yr. The data suggest that highly insulating windows are an effective energy-saving measure that should be considered for high-performance new homes and in existing retrofits. However, the cost effectiveness of the measure, as determined by the simple payback period, suggests that highly insulating window costs continue to make windows difficult to justify on a cost basis alone. Additional reductions in costs via improvements in manufacturing and/or market penetration that continue to drive down costs will make highly insulating windows much more viable as a cost-effective energy efficiency measure. This study also illustrates that highly insulating windows have important impacts on peak load, occupant comfort, and condensation potential, which are not captured in the energy savings calculation. More consistent and uniform interior temperature distributions suggest that highly insulated windows, as part of a high performance building envelope, may enable more centralized duct design and downsized HVAC systems. Shorter, more centralized duct systems and smaller HVAC systems to yield additional cost savings, making highly insulating windows more cost effective as part of a package of new construction or retrofit measures which achieve significant reductions in home energy use.

  13. Side-by-Side Testing of Water Heating Systems: Results from the 2010 - 2011 Evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Colon, C.; Parker, D.

    2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document is no longer available. Please contact Stacey.Rothgeb@nrel.gov for further information.

  14. Side-by-Side Thermal Tests of Modular Offices: A Validation Study of the STEM Method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Judkoff, R.; Balcomb, J.D.; Hancock, C.E.; Barker, G.; Subbarao, K.

    2001-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Two modular office units were tested at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to establish each unit's thermal performance. The two units were nearly identical in appearance, but one was built with structural insulating panels (SIP), and the other was built using standard frame construction. The primary objective of these tests was to compare the thermal performance of buildings using SIP and standard frame construction. Both units were tested under carefully controlled steady-state conditions in the NREL large-scale environmental enclosure. They were then moved outdoors where Short-Term Energy Monitoring (STEM) tests were performed, and long-term heating and cooling energy use was measured. A secondary objective was to evaluate the accuracy of the NREL STEM method by comparing the results of outdoor STEM tests to steady-state indoor test results. STEM is a method developed by NREL to determine key thermal parameters of a building in-situ, based on a 3-day test sequence. The indoor test facility also provided the opportunity to investigate the phenomenon of infiltration heat recovery in a real building, under carefully controlled conditions, to evaluate the stability of the concentration decay method of tracer gas-based infiltration monitoring, and to compare the blower-door method with the tracer-gas technique in determining infiltration.This project was a cooperative effort with the Structural Insulated Panel Association, the Modular Building Institute, All-American Modular (AAM, the manufacturer of the units), and GE Capitol (the owner of the units). Richard Harmon, the president of AAM, requested NREL's assistance in exploring the feasibility of converting his manufacturing process to SIP construction. His engineering staff needed to assess which comfort and energy benefits might be associated with this new technology. AAM manufactured the two units, and NREL tested the modules for 8 months.

  15. Measured Performance of Occupied, Side-by-Side, South Texas Homes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chasar, D.; vonSchramm, V.

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The performance of three homes in San Antonio, Texas with identical floor plans and orientation were evaluated through a partnership between the Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC), CPS Energy, and Woodside Homes of South Texas. Measurements included whole house gas and electric use as well as heating, cooling, hot water, major appliances and indoor and outdoor conditions. One home built to builder standard practice served as the control, while the other homes demonstrated high performance features. Utility peak electric load comparisons of these dual-fuel homes provide an assessment of envelope and equipment improvements. The control home used natural gas for space and water heating only, while the improved homes had gas heating and major appliances with the exception of a high efficiency heat pump in one home. Data collection began in July of 2009 and continued through April of 2011. Energy ratings for the homes yielded E-Scales (aka HERS indices) of 86 for the control home, 54 for one improved home and 37 for the other home which has a 2.4kW photovoltaic array.

  16. "Regulatory Side-by-Side Governing Permitting of Cross-Border Electricity

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del SolStrengtheningWildfiresImpurityRotation; 13-2808-1,Transmission Facilities

  17. Regulatory Side-by-Side Governing Permitting of Cross-Border Electricity

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2 OPAM615_CostNSAR -Department of Energyas

  18. REGULATORY SIDE-BY-SIDE GOVERNING PERMITTING OF CROSS-BORDER ELECTRICITY

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23, 2014, an OHASeptember 2010In addition to 1 |D I S P U TPurposeRPS PDF.PDF

  19. Regulatory Side-by-Side Governing Permitting of Cross-Border Electricity

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23, 2014, an OHASeptember 2010InJanuary 29,3, 2012Visitors CanThese

  20. Analysis of the physical and mechanical properties of the pine nut as criteria in the design of a pine nut shelter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Menchaca Lara, Jesus

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) deformations ranging from 0.82 mm to 1. 14 mm is required to fracture seeds of different sizes, 3) void spaces differ according to seed size allowing deformation of shell without contacting the nut, grouping seeds in size classifications is needed to minimize...

  1. Research Needs: Glass Solar Reflectance and Vinyl Siding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart, Robert

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    U.S. Department of Energy and model energy codes have madethe most commonly adopted model energy code in the U.S. for

  2. Simulations of the neutral structure within the dusk side aurora

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parish, H F; Lyons, L R

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    L. : Deple- tion of Oxygen in Aurora: Evidence for a LocalNeutral Winds in the Postmidnight Diffuse Aurora During theAtmospheric Response in Aurora I Rocket Campaign, J. Geo-

  3. New Side Channels Targeted at Passwords Albert Tannous

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yener, Aylin

    that leak password informa- tion during X Windows keyboard processing of password input. Keylogging is one approach for stealing passwords, but current keylogging techniques require special hardware or privileged

  4. Research Needs: Glass Solar Reflectance and Vinyl Siding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart, Robert

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    vinyl- sunlight.html. Certainteed. 2005. “PVC Capstockon PVC Substrate. ” Material Safety Data Sheet MSDS Number:2010. “Overview of materials for PVC, Rigid Grade. ” http://

  5. Porphyrins and metal complexes thereof having haloalkyl side chains

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wijesekera, Tilak (Glen Mills, PA); Lyons, James E. (Wallingford, PA); Ellis, Jr., Paul E. (Downingtown, PA); Bhinde, Manoj V. (Boothwyn, PA)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Transition metal complexes of meso-haloalkylporphyrins, wherein the haloalkyl groups contain 2 to 8 carbon atoms have been found to be highly effective catalysts for oxidation of alkanes and for the decomposition of hydroperoxides.

  6. Industrial Rates and Demand-Side Management Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kasprowicz, L. M.; House, R.

    ), Southwestern Public Service, Southwestern Electric Power, City of Austin, West Texas Utilities, EI Paso Electric, and Texas-New Mexico Power. Wholesale sales by major utilities included in "Others" category. Texas service areas only. Percentages based...,928,250 31.8% Texas Total 49,521 13,804 25.8% 93,847,494 36.9% wI Self-Gen 49,521 17,619 30.7% 119,841042 42.8% Note: Utilities are: TV Electric, Houston Lighting & Power, GulfStates Utilities, Central Power and Light, City Public Service (San Antonio...

  7. azobenzene side groups: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mass Transport . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 5. Conclusions to sensors and smart materials. This chapter will discuss the many unique properties of the azobenzene...

  8. Fuse Control for Demand Side Management: A Stochastic Pricing Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oren, Shmuel S.

    critical infrastructures in modern society. To ensure reliable system operation, control services Oren, Shmuel; University of California, Technical Topic Area : Power system control, Power system markets Key Words: Power system control, Optimization methods, Stochastic systems IEEE PES Transactions

  9. Fermilab Cultural Events in Chicago's Far West Side

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    for example, giant black holes gobbling up stars in the heart of quasars and gamma-ray bursts, which are the biggest explosions since the Big Bang. We will describe the...

  10. Evidence is growing on demand side of an oil peak

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    After years of continued growth, the number of miles driven by Americans started falling in December 2007. Not only are the number of miles driven falling, but as cars become more fuel efficient, they go further on fewer gallons - further reducing demand for gasoline. This trend is expected to accelerate. Drivers include, along with higher-efficiency cars, mass transit, reversal in urban sprawl, biofuels, and plug-in hybrid vehicles.

  11. ExhibitionRoadPrince'sGate Prince's Gardens (North Side)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roderic Hill Building Aeronautics,TheCompositesCentre,ChemicalEngineering andChemicalTechnology,CentreforProcessSystems Engineering 9 Bone Building Aeronautics,ChemicalEngineeringandChemicalTechnology 10 Royal School of Mines (temporary accommodation) 15 Huxley Building Computing,Mathematics,Physics 16 ACE Extension Aeronautics

  12. Building America Case Study: Excavationless Exterior-Side Foundation...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Homeworks, urbanhomeworks.org BASF, basf.us American Environmental, LLC NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership Building Component: Foundation insulation Application: Retrofit;...

  13. GEOSS in Americas Symposium Side Session -Capacity Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Americaaround Latin America #12;Milton Kampel GEOSS Americas ­ Brazil ­ Sep. 17-79 2007 ANTARES South-American, Concepcióón, Chilen, Chile (2002)(2002) SouthSouth--American Workshop (IOCCG) Mar del Plata,American Workshop Americas ­ Brazil ­ Sep. 17-79 2007 ANTARES Observation Network Integrated network ofIntegrated network

  14. Side-Jump Effect in Paramagnetic Amorphous Metals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RHIE, K.; Naugle, Donald G.; O, BH; MARKERT, JT.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A systematic study of the resistivity (rho), the Hall coefficients (R(H)), and the magnetic susceptibilities (chi) of the Zr-based paramagnetic amorphous alloys suggests a self-consistent explanation for the frequently observed positive values of R...

  15. Backreaction effects on the matter side of Einstein's field equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Floerchinger, Stefan; Wiedemann, Urs Achim

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently, we have derived a novel and compact expression for how perturbations in the matter fields of the cosmological fluid can lead to deviations from the standard Friedmann equations. Remarkably, the dissipative damping of velocity perturbations by bulk and shear viscosity in the dark sector can modify the expansion history of the universe on arbitrarily large scales. In universes in which this effect is sufficiently sizeable, it could account for the acceleration of the cosmological expansion. But even if dark matter should be less viscous and if the effect would be correspondingly smaller, it may have observable consequences in the era of precision cosmology. Here, we review the origin of this backreaction effect and possibilities to constrain it further.

  16. Demand-Side Management and Energy Efficiency Revisited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auffhammer, Maximilian; Blumstein, Carl; Fowlie, Meredith

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    programs, and the average cost per kWh saved. Using utilitythat the average per kWh program costs reported by utilities

  17. Research Needs: Glass Solar Reflectance and Vinyl Siding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart, Robert

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    irradiance on a vertical, solar tracking, surface in Golden,irradiance on a vertical solar tracking surface in Golden,

  18. The Dark Side of Electroweak Naturalness Beyond the MSSM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Genevieve Belanger; Cedric Delaunay; Andreas Goudelis

    2014-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Weak scale supersymmetry (SUSY) remains a prime explanation for the radiative stability of the Higgs field. A natural account of the Higgs boson mass, however, strongly favors extensions of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM). A plausible option is to introduce a new supersymmetric sector coupled to the MSSM Higgs fields, whose associated states resolve the little hierarchy problem between the third generation squark masses and the weak scale. SUSY also accomodates a weakly interacting cold dark matter (DM) candidate in the form of a stable neutralino. In minimal realizations, the thus-far null results of direct DM searches, along with the DM relic abundance constraint, introduce a level of fine-tuning as severe as the one due to the SUSY little hierarchy problem. We analyse the generic implications of new SUSY sectors parametrically heavier than the minimal SUSY spectrum, devised to increase the Higgs boson mass, on this little neutralino DM problem. We focus on the SUSY operator of smallest scaling dimension in an effective field theory description, which modifies the Higgs and DM sectors in a correlated manner. Within this framework, we show that recent null results from the LUX experiment imply a tree-level fine-tuning for gaugino DM which is parametrically at least a few times larger than that of the MSSM. Higgsino DM whose relic abundance is generated through a thermal freeze-out mechanism remains also severely fine-tuned, unless the DM lies below the weak boson pair-production threshold. As in the MSSM, well-tempered gaugino-Higgsino DM is strongly disfavored by present direct detection results.

  19. showcase scheduling at fred astaire east side dance studio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    mal92

    2008-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    As a result, the managers are forced to spend weeks manually constructing and tweaking ... before the showcase, they would still require the managers to spend.

  20. aids treatment side: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tax applies to the sale of manufacturing aids such as dies, patterns, jigs and tooling used in the manufacturing process notwithstanding the fact that the property used in...

  1. aerodynamic side loads: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    S. G.; Martin, V.; Falk, M. A. 2004-01-01 290 Parametric Reduced-Order Models for Probabilistic Analysis of Unsteady Aerodynamic Applications Engineering Websites Summary:...

  2. Continued on other side The Center for Community and Economic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Taosheng

    and products. CCED is studying examples from the European Union and elsewhere to assess the Lansing tri-county

  3. acid side chain: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    called locally resonant granular chain. It consists of a one-dimensional array of hollow spherical particles in contact, containing local resonators. The resonant particles...

  4. acid side chains: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    called locally resonant granular chain. It consists of a one-dimensional array of hollow spherical particles in contact, containing local resonators. The resonant particles...

  5. Combined Modeling and Side Channel Attacks on Strong PUFs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , unknown to the adversary. This requirement can be difficult to uphold in practice: Physical attacks like- tacks on PUF core properties have been reported. They con- cern their physical and digital unclonability, for example, we report successful attacks for bitlengths of 64, 128 and 256, and for up to nine single Arbiter

  6. Coordinated Aggregation of Distributed Demand-Side Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -5706 Phone: 480-965-1643 Fax: 480-965-0745 Notice Concerning Copyright Material PSERC members are given is given to this document as the source material. This report is available for downloading from the PSERC website. 2014 Cornell University. All rights reserved #12;Acknowledgements This is the final report

  7. ACS Failure: ACS Side-1 failed on June 19, 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sirianni, Marco

    External Features and Access Panel Locations MEB1 / LVPS2 MEB2 / LVPS1 CEB Thermal Saddle (Heat Pipes, and coronograph ­ Solar Blind Channel (SBC) : HST's most sensitive ultraviolet (UV) photon-counting detector 115 on the instrument: the Wide Field Channel (WFC), the High Resolution Channel (HRC), and the Solar Blind Channel (SBC

  8. Scheduling optimization of a real flexible job shop including side ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Aug 19, 2013 ... The multitask cell at GKN Aerospace Sweden is a production cell con- ...... In order to demonstrate the effect of the squeezing procedure we solved ..... [13] J. Gao, M. Gen, L. Sun, Scheduling jobs and maintenances in flexible.

  9. Discreet passive explosive detection through 2-sided wave guided fluorescence

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Harper, Ross James; la Grone, Marcus; Fisher, Mark

    2012-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The current invention provides a passive sampling device suitable for collecting and detecting the presence of target analytes. In particular, the passive sampling device is suitable for detecting nitro-aromatic compounds. The current invention further provides a passive sampling device reader suitable for determining the collection of target analytes. Additionally, the current invention provides methods for detecting target analytes using the passive sampling device and the passive sampling device reader.

  10. The Atlantic white-sided dolphin (Lagenorhynchus acutus) is restricted

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of 40 stranded L. acutus examined from Cobscook Bay, Maine, contained one silver hake, nine shortfin°N) in the western North Atlantic, and from Norway to the Bay of Biscay in the eastern North Atlantic in Trinity Bay, New- foundland, also contained Atlantic herring and northern shortfin squid (Sergeant

  11. On the Other Side of Hyperactivity: an Anthropology of ADHD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodwin, Marc

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Biological Citizens after Chernobyl. 1st ed. PrincetonBiological Citizens After Chernobyl, which examines throughthe reactor meltdown at Chernobyl must fight for recognition

  12. Penetrameter positioner for bore-side radiography of tubes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Davis, E.V.; Foster, B.E.

    1980-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A positioner is provided for placing plaque or wire penetrameters, as used in radiographic inspection, in close proximity with the inner wall of tubing at any desired location along the tubing. The positioner head carrying the penetrameter is inflatable whereby it is positioned in tte deflated condition, inflated to place the penetrameter against a weld to be inspected in the tubing wall, and then deflated during removal. If desired, the penetrameter holder may be used to center the radiographic source on the axis of the tube.

  13. Fermilab Cultural Events in Chicago's Far West Side

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lecture Series presents: Why Don't We Get More Cancer The Critical Role of Extracellular Matrix and Microenvironment in Metastasis and Dormancy Dr. Mina Bissell, Distinguished...

  14. CWID_____________________ SCHT____ Please complete the back side of this application.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    Resident Status Yes No Academic Information Are you transferring from Tulsa Community College? Yes No Did you participate in the Tulsa Achieves program at Tulsa Community College? Yes No Most Recent College Graduation/Retention Grade Point Average __________________ Expected Start Date at OSU-Tulsa

  15. atlas cavern side: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    exotic signatures using the ATLAS detector at the LHC is given. The results presented use data collected at center-of-mass energies of sqrts 7 TeV and sqrts 8 TeV,...

  16. Demand side management in India: Opportunities and challenges

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nezhad, H.G.; Mehta, J.V.

    1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    India`s electricity demand has been growing by more than 8% per year over the last decade. However, despite the fact that more than 70% of its 130 million households do not have access to electricity, demand for electricity has outstripped supply resulting in frequent blackouts and routine brownouts. India`s per capita consumption of electricity is about 240 KWh compared to about 500 KWh in other developing countries and 7,000 KWh in developed nations. According to the Fifteenth Power Survey by Indian Ministry of Energy, per capita energy consumption is projected to grow at about 5.5% per year until 2020, when India`s population is projected to reach 1.2 billion people. Based on these projections, India will need a generating capacity of 450,000 MW in 2020, compared to the current capacity of about 80,000 MW. Considering rising costs, limited fuel supply, and shortages of capital for power plant construction, it is unlikely that projected capacity will be realized. The only viable option would be to utilize available power through intensive energy efficiency improvements and load management.

  17. Source Information Transmission over MIMO Systems with Transmitter Side Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liebling, Michael

    Dept. of Electrical and Computer Eng. University of California, Santa Barbara Jerry D. Gibson Dept. of Electrical and Computer Eng. University of California, Santa Barbara Email: gibson@ece.ucsb.edu Marco Chiani, it encoded and transmitted the source information using a constant rate, chosen to achieve a selected outage

  18. The Dark Side of Mobile Phones August 3, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlini, David

    is convenient, but often makes for a poor nutritional choice. Deep-water rigs increase the world's access to oil, using cross-cultural data. To situate the study within the larger field of mobile phone research, we begin with a brief overview of mobile telephony in historical and social context. Mobile Phones

  19. Direct mounted photovoltaic device with improved side clip

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Keenihan, James R; Boven, Michelle L; Brown, Jr., Claude; Eurich, Gerald K; Gaston, Ryan S; Hus, Michael

    2013-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention is premised upon a photovoltaic assembly system for securing and/or aligning at least a plurality of vertically adjacent photovoltaic device assemblies to one another. The securing function being accomplished by a clip member that may be a separate component or integral to one or more of the photovoltaic device assemblies.

  20. Implications of two-sided advertising in the automotive industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luke, Jeffrey O. (Jeffrey Oliver), 1967-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The extreme competition in the automotive industry results in razor-thin profit margins as original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) compete for market share and profits which increase shareholder value. Product differentiation ...

  1. CDF note 10108 Calibration of the Same Side Kaon Tagger

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fermilab

    , agree with previous results. The obtained amplitude is used to determine the tagging power of the Same and the B0 s continuously transform themselves into their own anti-particle. There are many studies, the measurement of the mixing amplitude, which is presented inside this document, plays a prominent role. Its

  2. Agreement for Energy Conservation and Demand Side Management...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    More Documents & Publications DOEEEI Model Agreement Explanation Update on Breakout Sessions: Rapid City & Oklahoma City DOE ESPC Task Order Request for Proposal (TO-RFP) Template...

  3. One-sided prime ideals in noncommutative algebra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reyes, Manuel Lionel

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    noncommutative algebra . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.3the joy of noncommutative algebra. For me, he has been atest injectivity, Comm. Algebra 15 (1987), no. 3, 471–478.

  4. amino acid side: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    their distribution in known structures with experimental data such as amino acid transfer free energy scales (water to membrane center and water Senes, Alessandro 2 Local softness,...

  5. Side slope design based on human tolerance to vehicle response

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weaver, Graeme Douglas

    1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    an investigation of simulated vehicle response to the traversal of roadside terrain features. A Texas Transportation Institute adaptation of the CALSVA model was utilized to quantify the relative lateral, longitudinal, and vertical acceleration levels generated... by traversal of roadside cross-sections commonly employed in highway design. STUDY -SOCEDURS The principal aim of this research was to investigate the vehicle dynamic response during traversal of various roadside terrain featuzes to provide a basis...

  6. Improved side-chain modeling for proteinprotein docking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, David

    ,3 AND DAVID BAKER1,2 1 Department of Biochemistry and 2 Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University-body Reprint requests to: David Baker, Department of Biochemistry, Box 357350, University of Washington

  7. Adaptive primary side control for a wireless power transfer optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bogoda, Thilani Imanthika Dissanayake

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A resonant inductive wireless power transfer system, consisting of a primary (transmitter) circuit and secondary (receiver) circuit, was designed and implemented. This document also contains a novel indirect feedback method ...

  8. COP 18 Side Event: Advancing Collaborative Action for Low Emissions...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Event: Advancing Collaborative Action for Low Emissions Development Jump to: navigation, search Low Emission Development Strategies Global Partnership Advancing climate-resilient,...

  9. Catalyzing Cooperative Action for Low Emissions Development Side...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Join Contact Bonn Event Agenda Presentations Catalyzing Cooperative Action for Low Emissions Development May 23, 2012 Bonn, Germany Dear Colleagues, We are delighted to invite...

  10. An alternative to the proposed Demand Side Management program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Larry

    habits). Utilities such as Nova Scotia Power have, in some cases for more than 30 years, attempted Power Introduction For over 100 years, electricity has been central to the growth and development and tidal), nuclear, as well as some renewables (including biomass, geothermal, solar, and wind). From acid

  11. Efficient clustered server-side data analysis workflows using SWAMP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Daniel L; Zender, Charles S; Jenks, Stephen F

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    executing pro- grams at command-lines. In leveraging thesegraph workflow. Each command-line becomes a graph node, andof 14,640 unique command- lines represents a practical

  12. Porphyrins and metal complexes thereof having haloalkyl side chains

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wijesekera, T.; Lyons, J.E.; Ellis, P.E. Jr.; Bhinde, M.V.

    1997-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Transition metal complexes of meso-haloalkylporphyrins, wherein the haloalkyl groups contain 2 to 8 carbon atoms have been found to be highly effective catalysts for oxidation of alkanes and for the decomposition of hydroperoxides. 7 figs.

  13. Research Needs: Glass Solar Reflectance and Vinyl Siding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart, Robert

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    temperature International Energy Conservation Codeof the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC), the

  14. The softer side of control without clumping or capping | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    They placed them on a surface using ion soft landing techniques. Replacing internal combustion engines with fuel cells is not currently feasible because the cells use...

  15. Demand-Side Management and Energy Efficiency Revisited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auffhammer, Maximilian; Blumstein, Carl; Fowlie, Meredith

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Average Electricity Savings (%) Reported Average Costreject the average electricity savings and DSM program costsAverage Electricity Savings (%) S 2 Unweighted Average Costs (

  16. Polygons in Buildings and their Refined Side Lengths

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kapovich, Michael; Leeb, Bernhard; Millson, John J.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1999. [Bro] K. Brown, Buildings, Springer, 1989. [BuBI] D.AMS, 2001. [D] M. Davis, Buildings are CAT(0), in “Geometryat Springerlink.com POLYGONS IN BUILDINGS AND THEIR REFINED

  17. Innovative and Progressive Electric Utility Demand-Side Management Strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Epstein, G. J.; Fuller, W. H.

    Conservation of electric energy has been a concern of energy users in the residential, commercial and industrial sectors for several decades, and has increased in significance since the 1973 energy shortages. During this time, it has also become...

  18. adverse side effects: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    survival, chromosome aberration formation and repair capacity of radiation-induced damage have been applied to evaluate individual radiosensitivity in vitro. 5%-7% of cancer...

  19. Chapter 3 Demand-Side Resources | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011AT&T, Inc.'sEnergyTexas1. Feedstock & Production ChallengeEfficient Future |

  20. Chapter 3: Demand-Side Resources | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011AT&T, Inc.'sEnergyTexas1. Feedstock & Production ChallengeEfficient Future |: