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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Family Shelter Planning.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

T E X A S A & M U N I V E R S I T Y College Station, Texas TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE, J. E. Hutchison, Director CONTENTS 3 What Is Fallout? 3 Protection Against Fallout 5 Shelter Considerations 5 Shelter Alternatives 11 Shelter... also assures family protection in case of natural disaster. The following information is designed to enable rural and urban families to know their own situation as to existing protection and the ways this protection can be increased. WHAT...

Russell, Laura J.; Riney, Bobye J.

1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Shelter for the Sky  

SciTech Connect

A solemn ceremony in Slavutich Ukraine on April 26th 2007 marked the twenty-first anniversary of the most catastrophic accident in the history of commercial nuclear power. Significant progress has recently been made toward transformation of Chernobyl to an environmentally sound site. Many readers will recall that in only eight months following the 1986 accident, the Soviets constructed an enormous facility to contain the radioactive contamination in the remains of Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant Unit-4. Popularly known as the “sarcophagus”, but correctly referred to as the “Object Shelter”, it has deteriorated with time and is now in danger of collapse. STABILIZATION Several measures to structurally stabilize the Object Shelter and prevent its collapse have recently been completed. These measures are the largest construction projects undertaken in the local zone since the completion of the Object Shelter. The most significant risk reduction was accomplished by Measure-2 in December 2006. Stabilization

Schmieman, Eric A.

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

CONTACT INFO BUILDING SHELTER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CONTACT INFO SIGNALS BUILDING SHELTER THE DISABLED B.E.R.T. TEAM B.E.R.T.* EMERGENCY RESPONSE GUIDE, SIUC*Building Emergency Response Team Siren* Long Blast: Tornado High/Low: Any Other Emergency Radio needed. 2. Find two or three B.E.R.T. "buddies" who are willing to help you in the event of an emergency

King, David G.

4

Sheltering in Place at LBNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sheltering in Place at LBNL Sheltering in Place at LBNL Speaker(s): Valerie Quiggley Date: November 2, 2004 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Lab employees could be instructed by Lab management to "Shelter in Place", rather than to evacuate during an emergency situation created by a wildland fire approaching the Lab, or other emergencies involving outside air quality such as a biological or chemical accident, or even a terrorist attack. Would you know what to do if instructed to shelter in place? How could staying inside the building be safe if fire is raging outside? And what about the air conditioning system which draws air from outside to circulate inside the building? How do we keep smoke or other toxins outside while we shelter inside? Bring all your questions and attend this seminar

5

Solar Eclipse Effect on Shelter Air Temperature  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Decreases in shelter temperature during eclipse events were quantified on the basis of observations, numerical model simulations, and complements conceptual evaluations. Observations for the annular eclipse on 10 May 1994 over the United States ...

M. Segal; R. W. Turner; J. Prusa; R. J. Bitzer; S. V. Finley

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Efficient Earth-Sheltered Homes | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Efficient Earth-Sheltered Homes Efficient Earth-Sheltered Homes Efficient Earth-Sheltered Homes June 24, 2013 - 4:59pm Addthis This house in Tempe, Arizona, uses earth-sheltered construction methods to help decrease cooling costs. | Photo by Pamm McFadden This house in Tempe, Arizona, uses earth-sheltered construction methods to help decrease cooling costs. | Photo by Pamm McFadden If you are looking for a home with energy-efficient features that will provide a comfortable, tranquil, weather-resistant dwelling, an earth-sheltered house could be right for you. There are two basic types of earth-sheltered house designs-underground and bermed. Underground Earth-Sheltered Homes When an entire earth-sheltered house is built below grade or completely underground, it's called an underground structure. An atrium or courtyard

7

Efficient Earth-Sheltered Homes | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Efficient Earth-Sheltered Homes Efficient Earth-Sheltered Homes Efficient Earth-Sheltered Homes June 24, 2013 - 4:59pm Addthis This house in Tempe, Arizona, uses earth-sheltered construction methods to help decrease cooling costs. | Photo by Pamm McFadden This house in Tempe, Arizona, uses earth-sheltered construction methods to help decrease cooling costs. | Photo by Pamm McFadden If you are looking for a home with energy-efficient features that will provide a comfortable, tranquil, weather-resistant dwelling, an earth-sheltered house could be right for you. There are two basic types of earth-sheltered house designs-underground and bermed. Underground Earth-Sheltered Homes When an entire earth-sheltered house is built below grade or completely underground, it's called an underground structure. An atrium or courtyard

8

Auditory Cryptography Security Algorithm With Audio Shelters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, auditory cryptography security algorithm with audio shelters is proposed. The meaningful audio watermarking is pretreated to high-fidelity binary audio, and the binary audio is encrypted to n cryptographic audios by (k, n) threshold scheme. Less than k of the cryptographic audios give no information, only synchronized playing k or more than k of the audios the original can be heard directly. The n cryptographic audios are embedded in the corresponding n shelter audios which are pretreated by high-dimensional matrix transformation. Experiments show that the proposed algorithm has strong practicability, high security and robustness in enduring common attacks.

Huan Li; Zheng Qin; Xuanping Zhang; Xu Wang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Research on Shelter in Agriculture and Horticulture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... THE effects of exposure to wind are of direct concern to agriculture, horticulture and forestry, and the practice of using shelterbelts and non-living windbreaks to reduce ... that further developments in the field of shelter research must be reviewed periodically in the light of developments in other environmental studies such as agronomy, ecology, micro-meteorology, plant ...

J. M. CABORN

1965-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

10

If You Are Advised to Shelter-In-Place  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advised to Shelter-in-Place Advised to Shelter-in-Place Sheltering-in-place provides protection from potential airborne hazardous materials that may have been released. If you are asked to shelter-in-place at work or at home, follow these instructions: * Bring everyone inside (including pets). * Close all doors and windows. * Turn off or close all ventilation systems, including: * Air conditioning * Attic & exhaust fans * Furnaces * Fireplace dampers * Determine what sector you are in (see Evacuation Map & Routes). * Continue to shelter-in-place and listen to one of the EAS stations. * When the outside air is no longer dangerous, you will be instructed by the EAS that sheltering-in-place has ended and to open and ventilate your home or building. * Shelters may be opened for individuals who cannot return home because a shelter-in-place has been ordered for the area in which they live. If you are affected in this manner, please listen to EAS stations for announcements of shelters being opened or go to the home of a friend or relative that is outside the area of concern.

11

Assessing Sheltering-In-Place Responses to Outdoor Toxic Releases  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Assessing Sheltering-In-Place Responses to Outdoor Toxic Releases Assessing Sheltering-In-Place Responses to Outdoor Toxic Releases Title Assessing Sheltering-In-Place Responses to Outdoor Toxic Releases Publication Type Conference Proceedings Year of Publication 2005 Authors Sohn, Michael D., Richard G. Sextro, and David M. Lorenzetti Conference Name 10th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate - Indoor Air 2005 Volume 2(6) Pagination 1792-1796 Date Published Sept. 4-9, 2005 Publisher Tsinghua University Press Conference Location Beijing, China Keywords airflow and pollutant transport group, airflow modeling, comis, countermeasures to chemical and biological threats, emergency response, exposure, indoor environment department, shelter-in-place Abstract An accidental or intentional outdoor release of pollutants can produce a hazardous plume, potentially contaminating large portions of a metropolitan area as it disperses downwind. To minimize health consequences on the populace, government and research organizations often recommend sheltering in place when evacuation is impractical. Some reports also recommend "hardening" an indoor shelter, for example by applying duct tape to prevent leakage into a bathroom. However, few studies have quantified the perceived beneficial effects of sheltering and hardening, or examined the limits of their applicability. In this paper, we examine how sheltering and hardening might reduce exposure levels under different building and meteorological conditions (e.g., wind direction). We predict concentrations and exposure levels for several conditions, and discuss the net benefits from several sheltering and hardening options

12

1. A larger number and larger percentage of courses at Leeward CC are being taught via 2. Accrediting agency ACCJC requires more formal involvement of faculty in DE issues;  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

's Accreditation Self-Evaluation (Standard II.A.1.b.) we state that one of our "action plans" is to formally the proposed Leeward CC DE Strategic Plan, which called for the creation of a committee of the Senate concerned, for the 2012- 2013 Academic Year. Functions: To review the Leeward CC DE program from the viewpoint of faculty

Olsen, Stephen L.

13

Solar for Schools and Shelters (Florida) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar for Schools and Shelters (Florida) Solar for Schools and Shelters (Florida) Solar for Schools and Shelters (Florida) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Installer/Contractor Institutional Nonprofit Retail Supplier Schools Systems Integrator Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Program Info Funding Source U.S. Department of Energy State Florida Program Type Grant Program Provider Florida Solar Energy Center This program will support the installation of photovoltaic systems with battery back-up on strategically located schools and emergency shelters throughout the state. The Office of Energy will coordinate with the Florida Solar Energy Center to select 90 co-located schools and emergency shelters in Florida and install 10 kW and larger solar systems with data loggers on each site. The program will include operation and maintenance workshops for

14

Solar Hot Water Creates Savings for Homeless Shelters | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Hot Water Creates Savings for Homeless Shelters Solar Hot Water Creates Savings for Homeless Shelters Solar Hot Water Creates Savings for Homeless Shelters July 15, 2010 - 12:10pm Addthis Kevin Craft What are the key facts? Recovery Act funds are being used to install solar hot water systems at 5 Phoenix shelters. The systems will save Phoenox 33,452 kWh of energy -- about $4,000 -- annually. The systems will reduce about 40,000 pounds of carbon emissions annually. "This project will save us a huge amount of money," says Paul Williams, House of Refuge Sunnyslope's Executive Director. Williams is referring to a recent partnership between the state of Arizona and House of Refuge Sunnyslope to install solar hot water systems at five Phoenix-area housing sites for homeless men, which will make an immediate difference at the

15

Shelter Island, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(Redirected from Shelter Island, NY) (Redirected from Shelter Island, NY) Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 41.0681549°, -72.3386939° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.0681549,"lon":-72.3386939,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

16

PIONEER: A Robot for Structural Assessment of the Chornobyl Shelter  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) sponsored the design and fabrication of a radiation-hardened mobile diagnostic robot dubbed Pioneer. Pioneer was designed to operate in the most hazardous locations within the Chornobyl Shelter. Pioneer was delivered to the Ukraine in the spring of 1999. Initial system training and cold testing was performed after delivery.

Catalan, Michael A. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Thompson, Bruce R. (VISITORS); Dan G. Cacuci

2001-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

17

TAX-SHELTERED INVESTMENT PROGRAM Capital Area Health Consortium (CAHC) has a Tax-Sheltered Investment Plan (403b) available for its  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Page 94 TAX-SHELTERED INVESTMENT PROGRAM Capital Area Health Consortium (CAHC) has a Tax-Sheltered Investment Plan (403b) available for its employees. Money may be deducted from each paycheck on a pre the contribution to the investment institution. CAHC is not responsible for any investment decisions. Your account

Oliver, Douglas L.

18

Evacuation and Shelter in Place Modeling for a Release of Uranium Hexafluoride.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Evacuation and sheltering behaviors were modeled for a hypothetical release of uranium hexafluoride (UF6) from Nuclear Fuel Services (NFS) in Erwin, Tennessee. NFS down-blends… (more)

Harris, Joseph B

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

E-Shelters to Teach a Valuable Lesson on Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

E-Shelters to Teach a Valuable Lesson on Energy E-Shelters to Teach a Valuable Lesson on Energy E-Shelters to Teach a Valuable Lesson on Energy March 12, 2010 - 5:01pm Addthis Paul Lester Communications Specialist for the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy What does this project do? A minimum of 90 Florida schools will receive a 10-kilowatt or larger solar system Teachers will incorporate the systems into their lesson plans, educating students about solar power and energy efficiency. Students will be able to log on to energywhiz.com to learn how much energy their school's solar shelter has created and how long electronic devices can be powered. Florida Energy Center Susan Schleith, SunSmart E-Shelters program manager at Florida Solar Energy Center, stands next to a 10kW photovoltaic system similar to ones that will be installed on

20

Sustainable shelters for post disaster reconstruction : an integrated approach for reconstruction after the South Asia earthquake  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A year after the South Asia earthquake, over 60% of the survivors are still vulnerable due to the lack of adequate shelter, the absence of basic facilities for water and sanitation and livelihood restoration. The harsh ...

Ali, Zehra (Zehra Hyder)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

The evolution of shelter: ecology and ethology of chimpanzee nest building  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Human beings of all cultures build some form of shelter, and the global distribution of Homo sapiens depends on this basic trait. All great apes (chimpanzee, bonobo, gorilla, and orangutan) build analogous structures (called nests or beds) at least...

Stewart, Fiona Anne

2011-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

22

Continuity and change, an archaeobotanical assessment of Tsosie Shelter, Black Mesa, Arizona  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CONTINUITy AND CHANGE: AN ARCHAEOBOTANICAL ASSESSMENT OP TSOSIE SHELTER, BLACX' MESA, ARIZONA A Thesrs by PATRICIA ANN RUPPE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AkM University rn partral fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF' ARTS May 1987 Ma lor Sublect: Anthropology CONTINUITY AND CHANGE: AN ARCHAEOBOTANICAL ASSESSMENT OF TSOSIE SHELTER, BLACK MESA, ARIZONA A Thesis by PATRICIA ANN RUPPE Approved as to style and content by: ug n . ryan , r. (Chair...

Ruppe?, Patricia A

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

23

Siding | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search TODO: Add description List of Siding Incentives Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleSiding&oldid267193" Category: Articles with outstanding TODO tasks...

24

Needs assessment for remote systems technology at the Chornobyl Unit 4 shelter  

SciTech Connect

The accident at Chornobyl Unit 4 on April 26, 1986, resulted in a series of unprecedented scientific and technical challenges. The reactor building was damaged extensively. Following the accident, immediate action was needed to seal off the gaping crater created by the accident, which was a continuing source of airborne contamination. Under extreme conditions, a structure called the {open_quotes}Shelter{close_quotes} was built over the remains of the reactor building. The Shelter, which was quickly completed in November 1986, was meant to provide immediate but temporary containment. Now, 11 years later, there are significant concerns about its structural integrity and projected life expectancy. The United States and other participating G-7 countries are supporting nuclear safety upgrade efforts in Eastern Europe with a primary focus on placing the Chornobyl Nuclear Power Plant (ChNPP) Unit 4 Shelter in a stable and environmentally acceptable condition. Application of remote systems technologies will play an important part in achieving the goals of this program. The G-7 nations have agreed to support these efforts, including the identification and development of remote system technologies for fuel removal. However at this time they have taken a firm stance against funding actual fuel removal activities. The U.S. Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy, Science and Technology requested that a needs assessment be performed to evaluate the requirements for applying remote systems, including robotics, at the Shelter. This document is intended to be used to identify remote systems needs and requirements at the Shelter and to provide general information on the conditions in the Shelter that could impact the use of remote systems. This document is intended as a source of information to assist those who will be implementing the Shelter Implementation Plan tasks. The document provides background information and general guidance on the application of remote systems.

Carteret, B.A. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Holliday, M.A.; Jones, E.D. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)] [and others

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Development of a Fuel Containing Material Removal and Waste Management Strategy for the Chernobyl Unit 4 Shelter  

SciTech Connect

A study was performed to develop a strategy for the removal of fuel-containing material (FCM) from the Chernobyl Unit 4 Shelter and for the related waste management. This study was performed during Phase 1 of the Shelter Implementation Plan (SIP) and was funded by the Chernobyl Shelter Fund. The main objective for Phase 2 of the SIP is to stabilize the Shelter and to construct a New Confinement (NC) by the year 2007. In addition, the SIP includes studies on the strategy and on the conceptual design implications of the removal of FCM from the Shelter. This is considered essential for the ultimate goal, the transformation of the Shelter into an environmentally safe system.

Tokarevsky, V. V.; Shibetsky, Y. A.; Leister, P.; Davison, W. R.; Follin, J. F.; McNair, J.; Lins, W.; Edler, G.

2002-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

26

Chernobyl shelter implementation plan -- project development and planning: Setting the stage for progress  

SciTech Connect

On April 26, 1986, the Chernobyl nuclear power plant (NPP) experienced a devastating accident. This accident left much of the plant and its safety systems destroyed with widespread radioactive waste contamination from the damaged nuclear fuel. In the 6 months following the accident, heroic measures were taken to stabilize the situation and erect a temporary confinement shelter over the damaged unit 4. Since that time the shelter and the contained radioactive materials and debris have begun to deteriorate. Lack of funding and staff has allowed only minor improvements to occur on-site, resulting in an existing shelter that is unstable and deteriorating. International aid has been provided to develop a comprehensive plan for the safe and environmentally sound conversion of the damaged Chernobyl reactor. These efforts are being performed in conjunction with US experts, European experts, and local Chernobyl NPP personnel. This plan is discussed here.

Johnson, W. [Parsons Infrastructure and Technology Group, Richland, WA (United States); Kreid, D. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States); DeFranco, W. [Science Applications International Corp., Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Publics in Practice: Ubiquitous Computing at a Shelter for Homeless Mothers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Keith Edwards1 Christopher A. Le Dantec1, Robert G. Farrell2, Jim E. Christensen2, Mark Bailey2, Jason BPublics in Practice: Ubiquitous Computing at a Shelter for Homeless Mothers Christopher A. Le. Ellis2,Wendy A. Kellogg2, W. Keith Edwards1 1GVU Center School of Interactive Computing College

Edwards, Keith

28

MHK Projects/Shelter Island Tidal Energy Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Shelter Island Tidal Energy Project Shelter Island Tidal Energy Project < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.0453,"lon":-72.3748,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

29

Thermal Study Proposal Sprint/Nextel Shelters With iDEN EBTS Systems  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Race to Failure" Race to Failure" Energy Storage Program Sprint/Nextel Shelters With iDEN ® EBTS Systems Emerson Network Power Paul Misar Director of Wireless Solutions November 3, 2006 2 Emerson Confidential "Race to Failure" Problem Statement  Wireless communication fails rapidly after commercial power loss  Traditional energy storage (batteries) fail after several hours  Failure mode involves rapid build up of heat within wireless shelters and enclosures  Result: Temperature sensitive telecom electronics are forced to thermally shut down prior to depletion of on site energy storage  Solution must address the following at the Telecom Site: - Lack of thermal energy storage (cooling) - Lack of extended DC power back up (batteries) - Leverage existing energy storage at site

30

MHK Projects/GCK Technology Shelter Island NY US | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Shelter Island NY US Shelter Island NY US < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.0682,"lon":-72.3387,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

31

Shelter in place: a First Nation community in Canada's Chemical Valley  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This case study is based on research conducted in the region of Ontario known as 'Chemical Valley'. One stark indicator of health risks posed by industry there is a public service announcement instructing residents that in the event of a dangerous gas emission, they are to 'shelter in place' – i.e., stay indoors with windows tightly closed. The local community with greatest exposure is Aamjiwnaang First Nation, whose reserve is surrounded by heavily polluting industry. Despite significant health concerns, band members remain at Aamjiwnaang, a circumstance that outsiders find puzzling. This article explores the complex factors connecting residents to their reserve – a place in which they have found shelter for many generations. This interpretive case study is intended to complement general and quantitative approaches to environmental issues by providing a qualitative, place-specific example of the profound connections that First Nations people experience to their homeland, even when that homeland has become toxic.

Deborah Davis Jackson

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Attributes of Indoor Environmental Quality to Earth-sheltered Building Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and ozone depletion. The concern having the highest potential negative health impact was indoor air pollution, while the second ranking was indoor radon (Huelman, 2004, pp. 10-21). Indoor environmental quality problems in earth sheltered buildings... selections. Some common pollutants found in homes are VOCs, mold, dust (pollen, dust mites, insulation fibers, etc.), carbon monoxide and other combustion products, radon, pesticides, and household chemicals (Barcik, 2005, pp. 30-1). There are three...

Sheta, S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

A COMPARISON OF THE COMMUNITY PLANNING IMPLICATIONS FOR PASSIVE SOLAR, EARTH SHELTERED AND CONVENTIONAL HIGHLY INSULATED HOUSING DEVELOPMENTS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ABSTRACT Earth sheltered, passive solar and conventional highly-insulated houses have large variations in their need for solar exposure to maintain a high energy efficiency. They also have inherent implications for the minimum spacing of units under various assumed site conditions. The effect of full solar exposure on maximum densities of prototypical earth sheltered and solar developments is presented and compared to non-solar conventional construction. The effect of ground slope angles on the densities attainable is also included in the discussion.

John C. Carmody; Raymond L. Sterling

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Marketing Demand-Side Management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

they the only game in town, enjoying a captive market. Demand-side management (DSM) again surfaced as a method for increasing customer value and meeting these competitive challenges. In designing and implementing demand-side management (DSM) programs we... have learned a great deal about what it takes to market and sell DSM. This paper focuses on how to successfully market demand-side management. KEY STEPS TO MARKETING DEMAND-SIDE MANAGEMENT Management Commitment The first key element in marketing...

O'Neill, M. L.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

The Quantum Side of Photosynthesis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Quantum Side of Photosynthesis ... But evidence is mounting that photosynthetic organisms may, in fact, capitalize on quantum effects to harness the sun’s rays. ...

JYLLIAN KEMSLEY

2012-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

36

Side by Side Testing of Water Heating Systems  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Florida Florida A Research Institute of the University of Central Florida Side by Side Testing of Water Heating Systems Residential Energy Efficiency Stakeholder Meeting Austin , Texas March 1st, 2012 Carlos J. Colon carlos@fsec.ucf.edu FLORIDA SOLAR ENERGY CENTER - A Research Institute of the University of Central Florida Hot Water Systems (HWS) Laboratory FSEC Cocoa, Florida 3 2009 -Present (Currently in third testing rotation) FLORIDA SOLAR ENERGY CENTER - A Research Institute of the University of Central Florida Underground Circulation Loop * Solar circulation Loop 140+ feet of ½" copper tubing * Encased in PVC tubing with R-2.4 insulation * ICS to 50 gallon storage tank path need to

37

Demand Side Management in Rangan Banerjee  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Demand Side Management in Industry Rangan Banerjee Talk at Baroda in Birla Corporate Seminar August 31,2007 #12;Demand Side Management Indian utilities ­ energy shortage and peak power shortage. Supply for Options ­ Demand Side Management (DSM) & Load Management #12;DSM Concept Demand Side Management (DSM) - co

Banerjee, Rangan

38

Supply Chain Networks, Electronic Commerce, and Supply Side and Demand Side Risk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Supply Chain Networks, Electronic Commerce, and Supply Side and Demand Side Risk Anna Nagurney as well as demand side risk are included in the formulation. The model consists of three tiers of decision chain network equilibrium model with electronic com- merce and with supply side and demand side risk

Nagurney, Anna

39

Demand Side Bidding. Final Report  

SciTech Connect

This document sets forth the final report for a financial assistance award for the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) to enhance coordination between the building operators and power system operators in terms of demand-side responses to Location Based Marginal Pricing (LBMP). Potential benefits of this project include improved power system reliability, enhanced environmental quality, mitigation of high locational prices within congested areas, and the reduction of market barriers for demand-side market participants. NARUC, led by its Committee on Energy Resources and the Environment (ERE), actively works to promote the development and use of energy efficiency and clean distributive energy policies within the framework of a dynamic regulatory environment. Electric industry restructuring, energy shortages in California, and energy market transformation intensifies the need for reliable information and strategies regarding electric reliability policy and practice. NARUC promotes clean distributive generation and increased energy efficiency in the context of the energy sector restructuring process. NARUC, through ERE's Subcommittee on Energy Efficiency, strives to improve energy efficiency by creating working markets. Market transformation seeks opportunities where small amounts of investment can create sustainable markets for more efficient products, services, and design practices.

Spahn, Andrew

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

40

Simulation-based design of energy management system with storage battery for a refugee shelter in Japan  

SciTech Connect

Since the massive earthquake hit eastern Japan in March, 2011, our team has participated in the recovery planning for Kesen Association, which is a group of cities in northeastern Japan. As one of our proposals for the recovery planning for the community, we are designing energy management system with renewable energy (RE) and storage batteries. Some public facilities in the area have been used as refugee shelters, but refugees had to put up with life without electricity for a while after the disaster. If RE generator and storage batteries are introduced into the facilities, it is possible to provide refugees with electricity. In this study, the sizes of photovoltaic (PV) appliances and storage batteries to be introduced into one public facility are optimized. The optimization is based on simulation, in which electric energy is managed by charge and discharge of storage battery.

Kaji, K.; Zhang, J.; Horie, H.; Tanaka, K. [Department of Technology Management for Innovation, Graduate School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo (Japan); Akimoto, H. [Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (Korea, Republic of)

2013-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Prevalence of Salmonella sp. in domestic cats in an animal shelter and the comparison of culture and polymerase chain reaction techniques as diagnostic tools  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Laboratory the prevalence of Salmonella in shelter cat feces was determined in this current study. The culture protocol used included Xylose Lysine Tergitol 4 (XLT4) and MacConkey (MAC) agars with a primary enrichment in Tetrathionate broth (TTH) with iodine...

Lee, Melinda J.

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

42

When and how to end shelter-in-place protection from a release of airborne hazardous material : report on a decision-making concept and methodology.  

SciTech Connect

Shelter-in-place (SIP) is considered a credible alternative to immediate evacuation to protect the population on and around Army chemical warfare agent stockpile storage sites from accidental agent releases of short duration. To be effective, this strategy requires immediate SIP to minimize initial exposure to agent vapor, followed by timely and appropriate termination of SIP to minimize additional exposure to agent vapor accumulations in the shelter when the air outside becomes less hazardous. However, a major challenge facing emergency managers has been how to decide the best time and way to end SIP to obtain this ideal. This report describes a concept to make this decision, and suggests a methodology to apply the concept as a site-specific response tool. The major conditions that influence the exposure of a population are the source term values of the agent that is released, meteorological conditions, shelter air change rates, the distance of the shelter from the source, and th e dose-response relationship of the hazardous material. The circumstances that contribute to overall exposure associated with a SIP strategy involve exposure during the time before taking shelter, exposure while sheltered due to vapor infiltration, and additional exposure (if any) following the termination of SIP. Options to end SIP are to resume normal activities with no restrictions, to ventilate the shelter but remain indoors, to exit from the shelter and remain nearby, or to relocate to a designated facility. The optimal time and way to end SIP involves examining the relationships among the conditions and circumstances listed above to find the combination of these variables that gives the smallest area where a sheltered population might receive a certain level of toxic effect. For example, find the combination of times, conditions, and circumstances that produce the smallest area where fatalities are possible. In this case, the best time and action to end SIP to minimize fatalities is that combination of variables which produces the smallest area where this level of effect is expected. The methodology to apply the concept is to use a computer model to examine the relationships among these conditions and circumstances (many of which are pre-planned default inputs), and display the best time and action to end SIP quickly, in a user-friendly format. A computer model that was developed to prove the concept and demonstrate the methodology (called the TSIP Model) is described in the report, and the use of the TSIP Model is illustrated in a case study in an appendix to the report. The report also discusses public education and emergency instructions essential for implementing this concept, and makes recommendations for agreements, plans, and exercises relevant to deciding when and how to end SIP. This concept and methodology is independent of the atmospheric dispersion model used, and is not limited to chemical warfare agent vapor hazards. Thus it can help make decisions on when and how to end SIP following the accidental release of many other non-flammable non-reactive hazardous vapors if sufficient information is available about the characteristics of the material and the circumstances of the release.

Yantosik, G.; Lerner, K.; Maloney, D.; Wasmer, F.

2002-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

43

NREL: Computational Science - Scott W. Sides  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scott W. Sides Scott W. Sides Computational Materials Scientist Scientist Scott Sides Phone: (303) 275-4122 Email: Scott.Sides@nrel.gov At NREL Since: 2013 Dr. Scott Sides is a computational physicist with a wide range of simulation experience that includes using classical molecular dynamics and numerical self-consistent field theory to study polymer structure and dynamics. Dr. Sides graduated in 1998, and his studies included using kinetic Ising models to measure the lifetimes of metastable states in static fields and the time-dependent response in sinusoidal fields. In his postdoctoral research at Sandia National Laboratories he worked with Dr. Gary Grest studying adhesion in dense polymer melts and using molecular dynamics to validate PRISM theory and scattering data for PDMS. In 2001 he

44

List of Siding Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Siding Incentives Siding Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 45 Siding Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 45) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active Anaheim Public Utilities - Commercial & Industrial New Construction Rebate Program Utility Rebate Program California Commercial Industrial Institutional Boilers Building Insulation Caulking/Weather-stripping Central Air conditioners Chillers Comprehensive Measures/Whole Building Compressed air Duct/Air sealing Energy Mgmt. Systems/Building Controls Equipment Insulation Furnaces Heat pumps Heat recovery Lighting Lighting Controls/Sensors Motor VFDs Motors Processing and Manufacturing Equipment Roofs Siding Water Heaters Windows Yes Anaheim Public Utilities - Green Building Rebate Program (California) Utility Rebate Program California Commercial

45

Basic Theory of Demand-Side Management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Demand-Side Management (DSM) is pivotal in Integrated Resource ... to realize sustainable development, and advanced energy management activity. A project can be implemented only...

Zhaoguang Hu; Xinyang Han; Quan Wen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Barriers and incentives to the adoption of innovative, energy-efficient housing: Passive and active solar and earth-sheltered  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study was to determine intermediaries perceptions of barriers and incentives to innovative, energy-efficient housing in Iowa. Data were collected by two surveys. The questionnaire for the first survey collected data from 102 communities. The second questionnaire surveyed housing intermediaries drawn from the 102 communities included in the first survey. The sample consisted of 481 builders, building inspectors, realtors, lenders, and solar suppliers. Intermediary groups differed in their perceptions of barriers and incentives to innovative, energy-efficient housing. Significant differences were found among the intermediaries for whether state-mandated solar standards would reduce the risk of inspection of solar-energy houses and whether risky resale potential acts as a barrier to building solar energy housing. The major barriers were the first costs associated with building active solar and earth-sheltered housing and the lack of skills among subcontractors to build these types. There was not significant relationship between rate of adoption among communities and their location in the state. There was, however, a significant relationship between category of building official and rate of adoption among communities.

Conway, R.J.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Side-emitting fiber optic position sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A side-emitting fiber optic position sensor and method of determining an unknown position of an object by using the sensor. In one embodiment, a concentrated beam of light source illuminates the side of a side-emitting fiber optic at an unknown axial position along the fiber's length. Some of this side-illuminated light is in-scattered into the fiber and captured. As the captured light is guided down the fiber, its intensity decreases due to loss from side-emission away from the fiber and from bulk absorption within the fiber. By measuring the intensity of light emitted from one (or both) ends of the fiber with a photodetector(s), the axial position of the light source is determined by comparing the photodetector's signal to a calibrated response curve, look-up table, or by using a mathematical model. Alternatively, the side-emitting fiber is illuminated at one end, while a photodetector measures the intensity of light emitted from the side of the fiber, at an unknown position. As the photodetector moves further away from the illuminated end, the detector's signal strength decreases due to loss from side-emission and/or bulk absorption. As before, the detector's signal is correlated to a unique position along the fiber.

Weiss, Jonathan D. (Albuquerque, NM)

2008-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

48

Definition: Demand Side Management | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Side Management Side Management Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Demand Side Management The term for all activities or programs undertaken by Load-Serving Entity or its customers to influence the amount or timing of electricity they use.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Energy demand management, also known as demand side management (DSM), is the modification of consumer demand for energy through various methods such as financial incentives and education. Usually, the goal of demand side management is to encourage the consumer to use less energy during peak hours, or to move the time of energy use to off-peak times such as nighttime and weekends. Peak demand management does not necessarily decrease total energy consumption, but could be expected to reduce the need

49

AIAA 2002-3298 AERODYNAMICS OF TWO SIDE-BY-SIDE PLATES IN HYPERSONIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AIAA 2002-3298 AERODYNAMICS OF TWO SIDE-BY-SIDE PLATES IN HYPERSONIC RAREFIED-GAS FLOWS Vladimir V. Riabov* Rivier College, Nashua, New Hampshire 03060 Abstract Hypersonic rarefied-gas flows near two side have provided valuable information related to physics of hypersonic flows about spacecraft elements

Riabov, Vladimir V.

50

Side Stream Filtration for Cooling Towers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Report assesses side stream filtration options for cooling towers with an objective to assess key attributes that optimize energy and water savings and provide information about specific technology and implementation options.

51

Real-Time Demand Side Energy Management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Real-Time Demand Side Energy Management Annelize Victor Michael Brodkorb Sr. Business Consultant Business Development Manager Aspen Technology, Inc. Aspen Technology España, S.A. Houston, TX Barcelona, Spain ABSTRACT To remain... competitive, manufacturers must capture opportunities to increase bottom-line profitability. The goal of this paper is to present a new methodology for reducing energy costs – “Demand-Side Energy Management.” Learn how process manufacturers assess energy...

Victor, A.; Brodkorb, M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Electric Utility Demand-Side Evaluation Methodologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"::. ELECTRIC UTILITY DEMAND-SIDE EVALUATION METHODOLOGIES* Nat Treadway Public Utility Commission of Texas Austin, Texas ABSTRACT The electric. util ity industry's demand-side management programs can be analyzed ?from various points... of view using a standard benefit-cost methodology. The methodology now in use by several. electric utilities and the Public Utility Commlsslon of Texas includes measures of efficiency and equity. The nonparticipant test as a measure of equity...

Treadway, N.

53

Time resolved side scatter diagnostics at NOVA  

SciTech Connect

Side scattering of the radiation during the interaction of a laser beam with the long scale length plasma in hohlraum is a difficult problem of relevance to the viability of ICF. It is important to measure the absolute amount of the laser side scatter as well as the angular distribution of that scatter. The OSA diagnostics has been implemented on NOVA to measure these quantities. We have implemented a fiber-optically coupled streak camera to measure the temporally and angularly resolved side scatter radiation at 351 nm at 9 different angles. Filtered PIN diodes were positioned at 31 various angles in the E-field planed and B-field plane of the incident probe beam to sample and measure the scattered radiation at the 351 nm wavelength of the probe. The diode data was used to calibrate the Brillouin power received by the 9 strategically located fiber optic channels. This presentation will describe the OSA and associated diagnostics.

Kyrala, G.A.; Evans, S.C.; Jimerson, J.R.; Fernandez, J.C.

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Demand-Side Management and Energy Efficiency Revisited  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EPRI). 1984. ”Demand Side Management. Vol. 1:Overview of Key1993. ”Industrial Demand-Side Management Programs: What’sJ. Kulick. 2004. ”Demand side management and energy e?ciency

Auffhammer, Maximilian; Blumstein, Carl; Fowlie, Meredith

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

AIAA 2002-3297 INTERFERENCE BETWEEN TWO SIDE-BY-SIDE CYLINDERS IN HYPERSONIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AIAA 2002-3297 INTERFERENCE BETWEEN TWO SIDE-BY-SIDE CYLINDERS IN HYPERSONIC RAREFIED-GAS FLOWS Vladimir V. Riabov* Rivier College, Nashua, New Hampshire 03060 Abstract Hypersonic rarefied-gas flows near of simple shape bodies have provided valuable information related to physics of hypersonic flows about

Riabov, Vladimir V.

56

IntSide: a web server for the chemical and biological examination of drug side effects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......brief-report Applications Note IntSide: a web server for the chemical and biological examination...remains. Here, we present IntSide, a web server that integrates chemical and biological...Availability and implementation: Our data and web resource are available online ( http......

Teresa Juan-Blanco; Miquel Duran-Frigola; Patrick Aloy

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Side-by-Side Testing of Water Heating Systems: Results from the 2009-2010 Evaluation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The performance of seven differing types of residential water heating systems was compared in a side-by-side test configuration over a full year period. The Hot Water System Laboratory (HWS Lab) test facility at the Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC) in Cocoa, FL was used for the tests.

58

Dynamic Investment Strategies with Demand-Side and Cost-Side Risks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamic Investment Strategies with Demand-Side and Cost-Side Risks Engelbert J. Dockner Department of Vienna Br¨unner Stra�e 72 1210 Vienna, Austria April 23, 2010 Abstract Investments in cost reductions. This paper stud- ies optimal investment in cost reductions as a real option under the assumption

Gaunersdorfer, Andrea

59

BUILDINGS SECTOR DEMAND-SIDE EFFICIENCY TECHNOLOGY SUMMARIES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

............................................................................................... 2 Demand-Side Efficiency Technologies I. Energy Management Systems (EMSsLBL-33887 UC-000 BUILDINGS SECTOR DEMAND-SIDE EFFICIENCY TECHNOLOGY SUMMARIES Jonathan G. Koomey

60

Draft Chapter 3: Demand-Side Resources | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3: Demand-Side Resources Draft Chapter 3: Demand-Side Resources Utilities in many states have been implementing energy efficiency and load management programs (collectively called...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Chapter 3: Demand-Side Resources | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

: Demand-Side Resources Chapter 3: Demand-Side Resources Utilities in many states have been implementing energy efficiency and load management programs (collectively called...

62

The dark side of galaxy formation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...formation. | I discuss the discovery of a population of extremely...rsta.2002.1088 The dark side of galaxy formation...October 2002 I discuss the discovery of a population of extremely...Galaxy which creates the dark lanes in our view of...schematic of the spectral energy distribution of a luminous...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Solar cell with back side contacts  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A III-V solar cell is described herein that includes all back side contacts. Additionally, the positive and negative electrical contacts contact compoud semiconductor layers of the solar cell other than the absorbing layer of the solar cell. That is, the positive and negative electrical contacts contact passivating layers of the solar cell.

Nielson, Gregory N; Okandan, Murat; Cruz-Campa, Jose Luis; Resnick, Paul J; Wanlass, Mark Woodbury; Clews, Peggy J

2013-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

64

Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 MODULO 1 PARTE 3 Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP 3.c Goy - a.a. 2010 contenuto nel cookie) Goy - a.a. 2010/2011 Programmazione Web 3 PHP: cookie - I E' possibile scrivere e leggere cookie utilizzando PHP Per scrivere un cookie, utilizzo la funzione predefinita setcookie

Goy, Anna

65

Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 MODULO 1 PARTE 3 Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP 3.d Goy - a.a. 2009 di interazione home.html ll h identif.php cancella.php cancellato.php logout.phpacquisti.php Goy - a.a. 2009/2010 Programmazione Web 5 sess_scad.html home.html - login/registrazione utente identif.php

Goy, Anna

66

Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 MODULO 1 PARTE 3 Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP 3.d Goy - a.a. 2010 di interazione home.html ll h identif.php cancella.php cancellato.php logout.phpacquisti.php Goy - a.a. 2010/2011 Programmazione Web 5 sess_scad.html home.html - login/registrazione utente identif.php

Goy, Anna

67

Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 MODULO 1 PARTE 3 Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP 3.c Goy - a.a. 2011 server contenuto nel cookie) Goy - a.a. 2011/2012 Programmazione Web 3 PHP: cookie - I E' possibile scrivere e leggere cookie utilizzando PHP Per scrivere un cookie, utilizzo la funzione predefinita

Goy, Anna

68

Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 MODULO 1 PARTE 3 Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP 3.c Goy - a.a. 2012 server contenuto nel cookie) Goy - a.a. 2012/2013 Programmazione Web 3 PHP: cookie - I E' possibile scrivere e leggere cookie utilizzando PHP Per scrivere un cookie, utilizzo la funzione predefinita

Goy, Anna

69

Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 MODULO 1 PARTE 3 Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP 3.c Goy - a.a. 2009) Goy - a.a. 2009/2010 Programmazione Web 3 PHP: cookie - I E' possibile scrivere e leggere cookie utilizzando PHP Per scrivere un cookie, utilizzo la funzione predefinita setcookie(...): nome del cookie

Goy, Anna

70

Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 MODULO 1 PARTE 3 Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP 3.d Goy - a.a. 2012 di interazione home.html ll h identif.php cancella.php cancellato.php logout.phpacquisti.php Goy - a.a. 2012/2013 Programmazione Web 5 sess_scad.html home.html - login/registrazione utente identif.php

Goy, Anna

71

Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 MODULO 1 PARTE 3 Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP 3.d Goy - a.a. 2011 di interazione home.html ll h identif.php cancella.php cancellato.php logout.phpacquisti.php Goy - a.a. 2011/2012 Programmazione Web 5 sess_scad.html home.html - login/registrazione utente identif.php

Goy, Anna

72

SUPPLY-SIDE OPTIMIZATION : MAXIMIZING ABSORPTIVE RATES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-benefit optimization of the ingestion process alone . We have continued to develop and modify chemical reactor theoryI l SUPPLY-SIDE OPTIMIZATION : MAXIMIZING ABSORPTIVE RATES W. Brian Dade, Peter A. Jumars engineering aimed at the analysis and design of chemical reactors to analyze the process of digestion

Jumars, Pete

73

Side Orders Potato Wedges 1.60  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Side Orders Potato Wedges £1.60 Choose your dip from: Soured Cream, Spicy Salsa or Barbecue Potato Wedges topped with Cheese £2.00 Choose your dip from: Soured Cream, Spicy Salsa or Barbecue Potato Wedges leaf salad, potato wedges and a soured cream dip. Refried Bean Burrito £5.25 Refried beans, onions

Dixon, Peter

74

The dark side of galaxy formation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...far-infrared survey by the infrared...which creates the dark lanes in our view...course of its survey detected it tens...of the spectral energy distribution of...most of their energy in the optical...A (2002) The dark side of galaxy...the SCUBA Lens Survey (Smail et al...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Construction of a Demand Side Plant with Thermal Energy Storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

storage and its potential impact on the electric utilities and introduces the demand side plant concept....

Michel, M.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Qualitative and Quantitative Assessment of Nuclear Materials Contained in High-Activity Waste Arising from the Operations at the 'SHELTER' Facility  

SciTech Connect

As a result of the nuclear accident at the Chernobyl NPP in 1986, the explosion dispeesed nuclear materials contained in the nuclear fuel of the reactor core over the destroyed facilities at Unit No. 4 and over the territory immediately adjacent to the destroyed unit. The debris was buried under the Cascade Wall. Nuclear materials at the SHELTER can be characterized as spent nuclear fuel, fresh fuel assemblies (including fuel assemblies with damaged geometry and integrity, and individual fuel elements), core fragments of the Chernobyl NPP Unit No. 4, finely-dispersed fuel (powder/dust), uranium and plutonium compounds in water solutions, and lava-like nuclear fuel-containing masses. The new safe confinement (NSC) is a facility designed to enclose the Chernobyl NPP Unit No. 4 destroyed by the accident. Construction of the NSC involves excavating operations, which are continuously monitored including for the level of radiation. The findings of such monitoring at the SHELTER site will allow us to characterize the recovered radioactive waste. When a process material categorized as high activity waste (HAW) is detected the following HLW management operations should be involved: HLW collection; HLW fragmentation (if appropriate); loading HAW into the primary package KT-0.2; loading the primary package filled with HAW into the transportation cask KTZV-0.2; and storing the cask in temporary storage facilities for high-level solid waste. The CDAS system is a system of 3He tubes for neutron coincidence counting, and is designed to measure the percentage ratio of specific nuclear materials in a 200-liter drum containing nuclear material intermixed with a matrix. The CDAS consists of panels with helium counter tubes and a polyethylene moderator. The panels are configured to allow one to position a waste-containing drum and a drum manipulator. The system operates on the ‘add a source’ basis using a small Cf-252 source to identify irregularities in the matrix during an assay. The platform with the source is placed under the measurement chamber. The platform with the source material is moved under the measurement chamber. The design allows one to move the platform with the source in and out, thus moving the drum. The CDAS system and radioactive waste containers have been built. For each drum filled with waste two individual measurements (passive/active) will be made. This paper briefly describes the work carried out to assess qualitatively and quantitatively the nuclear materials contained in high-level waste at the SHELTER facility. These efforts substantially increased nuclear safety and security at the facility.

Cherkas, Dmytro

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Is Demand-Side Management Economically Justified?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 7 Is Demand-Side Management Economically Justified? With billions of dollars being spent on demand-side management programs in the U.S. every year, the rationale for and performance of these programs are coming under increasing scrutiny. Three projects in the Energy Analysis Program are making significant contributions to the DSM debate. *Total Resource Cost Test Ratio = ratio of utility avoided costs (i.e., benefits) divided by total cost of program (i.e., Administrative Cost + Incentive Cost + Consumer Cost) In May, Joe Eto, Ed Vine, Leslie Shown, Chris Payne, and I released the first in a series of reports we authored from the Database on Energy Efficiency Programs (DEEP) project. The objective of DEEP is to document the measured cost and performance of utility-sponsored energy-efficiency

78

Side Stream Filtration for Cooling Towers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Side Stream Filtration Side Stream Filtration for Cooling Towers Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Federal Energy Management Program By Pacific Northwest National Laboratory X. Duan, J.L. Williamson, K.L McMordie Stoughton and B.K. Boyd October 2012 FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM i Contact Will Lintner, PE Federal Energy Management Program U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave. SW Washington, DC 20585-0121 Phone: (202) 586-3120 E-mail: william.lintner@ee.doe.gov Cover photo: Cooling Towers. Photo from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory ii Acknowledgements The authors of the report would like to thank the following individuals that provided support to

79

System Demand-Side Management: Regional results  

SciTech Connect

To improve the Bonneville Power Administration's (Bonneville's) ability to analyze the value and impacts of demand-side programs, Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) developed and implemented the System Demand-Side Management (SDSM) model, a microcomputer-based model of the Pacific Northwest Public Power system. This document outlines the development and application of the SDSM model, which is an hourly model. Hourly analysis makes it possible to examine the change in marginal revenues and marginal costs that accrue from the movement of energy consumption from daytime to nighttime. It also allows a more insightful analysis of programs such as water heater control in the context of hydroelectric-based generation system. 7 refs., 10 figs., 10 tabs.

Englin, J.E.; Sands, R.D.; De Steese, J.G.; Marsh, S.J.

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

BIRDS OF LAYSAN AND THE LEEWARD' ISLANDS, HAWAIIAN GROUP.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Necker, French Frigate (or Brooks) Shoals, Gardner, Laysan, Lisiansky, Midway, Cure, and Morell, together," based upon material collected in 1891 by Henry Palmer on Laysan, Lisiansky, and Midway islands

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

DC side filters for multiterminal HVDC systems  

SciTech Connect

Multiterminal HVDC systems present challenges in the specification and design of suitable dc side filtering. This document examines the existing experience and addresses the particular technical problems posed by multiterminal systems. The filtering requirements of small taps are discussed, as is the potential use of active filters. Aspects of calculation and design are considered and recommendations made to guide the planners and designers of future multiterminal schemes.

Shore, N.L.; Adamson, K.; Bard, P. [and others] [and others

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Polarons, Bipolarons, and Side-By-Side Polarons in Reduction of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Polarons, Bipolarons, and Side-By-Side Polarons in Reduction of Polarons, Bipolarons, and Side-By-Side Polarons in Reduction of Oligofluorenes Lori Zaikowski, Parmeet Kaur, Claudia Gelfond, Elicia Selvaggio, Sadayuki Asaoka, Qin Wu, Hung-Cheng Chen, Norihiko Takeda, Andrew R. Cook, Alex Yang, John Rosanelli and John R. Miller J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134, 10852-10863 (2012). [Find paper at ACS Publications] Abstract: The nature of charge carriers in conjugated polymers was elucidated through optical spectroscopy following single- and multielectron reduction of 2,7-(9,9-dihexylfluorene) oligomers, Fn, n = 1-10, yielding spectra with the two bands typical of polarons upon single reduction. For short oligomers addition of a second electron gave a single band demonstrating the classic polaron-bipolaron transition. However, for long oligomers

83

Side-by-Side Comparison of Particle Count and Mass Concentration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Side-by-Side Comparison of Particle Count and Mass Concentration Side-by-Side Comparison of Particle Count and Mass Concentration Measurements in a Residence Title Side-by-Side Comparison of Particle Count and Mass Concentration Measurements in a Residence Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2011 Authors Chan, Wanyu R., and Federico Noris Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory City Berkeley Keywords energy analysis and environmental impacts department Abstract Particulate matter (PM) is a contaminant of concern in many indoor environments, including residential and commercial buildings. Health guidelines for exposure to particles are in units of mass concentrations. Relative to time-integrated mass measurements collected on filters, real-time particle counters are less time-consuming to operate. Studies found reasonable correlation between these two measurement techniques, but agreement may vary in different sampling environments, and depends on the instruments used. We performed a side-by-side comparison of particle counts and mass concentrations estimated by three types of real-time instruments: MetOne BT-637 optical particle counter (OPC), TSI DustTrak aerosol monitor, and TSI aerodynamic particle sizer (APS) spectrometer. In addition to these real-time instruments, time-integrated particle mass was also collected using PM2.5 and PM10 Personal Environmental Monitors (PEMs) manufactured by SKC. Sampling was conducted for two consecutive days in an occupied single-family house in Berkeley, California. Concentration profiles had similar trends, with DustTraks reporting higher particle mass concentrations, partially explained by the density value assumed in the calibration. We made assumptions for particle size and density to calculate the PM2.5 and PM10 mass concentrations for the MetOne and APS, and compared with the filter-based measurements. Despite uncertainties and assumptions, there was generally good agreement for the different methods.

84

NSTX High Field Side Gas Fueling System  

SciTech Connect

Fueling National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) plasmas with gas injected from the high field side (HFS) has produced earlier, more reliable transitions to the H-mode, longer H-mode durations, higher toroidal rotation, and higher edge electron temperature compared with similar discharges using the low field side (LFS) gas fueling injectors. The HFS gas fueling system consists of a Center Stack midplane injector, and an injector at the inner, upper corner of the Center Stack. The challenging design and installation constraints for the HFS gas system involved placing the control components as close as possible to the machine-vacuum interface, devising a special feed-through flange, traversing through vessel regions whose temperatures during bake-out range from 150 to 350 degrees Centigrade, adapting the gas transport tubing size and route to the small instrumentation wire channels behind the existing graphite plasma facing component tiles on the Center Stack, and providing output orifices shielded from excessive plasma power depositions while concentrating the output flow to facilitate fast camera viewing and analysis. Design, recent performance, and future upgrades will be presented.

H.W. Kugel; M. Anderson; G. Barnes; M. Bell; W. Blanchard; L. Dudek; D. Gates; R. Gernhardt; R. Maingi; D. Mueller; T. Provost; R. Raman; V. Soukhanovskii; J. Winston

2003-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

85

Industrial demand side management status report: Synopsis  

SciTech Connect

Industrial demand side management (DSM) programs, though not as developed or widely implemented as residential and commercial programs, hold the promise of significant energy savings-savings that will benefit industrial firms, utilities and the environment. This paper is a synopsis of a larger research report, Industrial Demand Side Management. A Status Report, prepared for the US Department of Energy. The report provides an overview of and rationale for DSM programs. Benefits and barriers are described, and data from the Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey are used to estimate potential electricity savings from industrial energy efficiency measures. Overcoming difficulties to effective program implementation is worthwhile, since rough estimates indicate a substantial potential for electricity savings. The report categorizes types of DSM programs, presents several examples of each type, and explores elements of successful programs. Two in-depth case studies (of Boise Cascade and of Eli Lilly and Company) illustrate two types of effective DSM programs. Interviews with staff from state public utility commissions indicate the current thinking about the status and future of industrial DSM programs. Finally, the research report also includes a comprehensive bibliography, a description of technical assistance programs, and an example of a methodology for evaluating potential or actual savings from projects.

Hopkins, M.E.F.; Conger, R.L.; Foley, T.J.; Parker, J.W.; Placet, M.; Sandahl, L.J.; Spanner, G.E.; Woodruff, M.G.; Norland, D.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Research on the Demand Side Management Under Smart Grid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

From the 1970 of the twentieth century demand side management has gradually become standardized management mode in electric power industry in developed ... coverage, full collection, full prepayment” to demand-side

Litong Dong; Jun Xu; Haibo Liu; Ying Guo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

The Important Participants in Demand-Side Management: Power Consumers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electric power consumers are the basis for demand-side management (DSM) practice. Increased power consumption efficiency...

Zhaoguang Hu; Xinyang Han; Quan Wen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

SIDES: A Cooperative Tabletop Computer Game for Social Skills Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a design case study of SIDES: Shared Interfaces to Develop Effective Social Skills. SIDES's Syndrome, practice effective group work skills using a four-player cooperative computer game that runs on tabletop technology. We present the design process and evaluation of SIDES conducted over a period of six

Stanford University

89

Industrial demand side management: A status report  

SciTech Connect

This report provides an overview of and rationale for industrial demand side management (DSM) programs. Benefits and barriers are described, and data from the Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey are used to estimate potential energy savings in kilowatt hours. The report presents types and examples of programs and explores elements of successful programs. Two in-depth case studies (from Boise Cascade and Eli Lilly and Company) illustrate two types of effective DSM programs. Interviews with staff from state public utility commissions indicate the current thinking about the status and future of industrial DSM programs. A comprehensive bibliography is included, technical assistance programs are listed and described, and a methodology for evaluating potential or actual savings from projects is delineated.

Hopkins, M.F.; Conger, R.L.; Foley, T.J. [and others

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Incentives for demand-side management  

SciTech Connect

This report is the first product of an ongoing project to monitor the efforts of states to remove regulatory barriers to, and provide financial incentives for, utility investment in demand-side management (DSM) resources. The project was commissioned by the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) in response to growing interest among regulators for a comprehensive survey of developments in this area. Each state report beings with an overview of the state`s progress toward removing regulatory barriers and providing incentives for DSM. Information is organized under five headings: status; IRP regulations and practice; current treatment of DSM, directions and trends; commission contact person. Where applicable, each overview is followed by one or more sections that report on specific incentive proposals or mechanisms within the state. Information on each proposal or mechanism is organized under eight headings. A notation on each page identifies the utility or other group associated with the proposal or mechanism. The eight headings are as follows: status; background; treatment of cost recovery; treatment of lost revenues/decoupling; treatment of profitability; other features; issues, and additional observations.

Reid, M.W.; Brown, J.B. [Barakat and Chamberlin, Inc., Oakland, CA (United States)] [Barakat and Chamberlin, Inc., Oakland, CA (United States)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Incentives for demand-side management  

SciTech Connect

This report is the first product of an ongoing project to monitor the efforts of states to remove regulatory barriers to, and provide financial incentives for, utility investment in demand-side management (DSM) resources. The project was commissioned by the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) in response to growing interest among regulators for a comprehensive survey of developments in this area. Each state report beings with an overview of the state's progress toward removing regulatory barriers and providing incentives for DSM. Information is organized under five headings: status; IRP regulations and practice; current treatment of DSM, directions and trends; commission contact person. Where applicable, each overview is followed by one or more sections that report on specific incentive proposals or mechanisms within the state. Information on each proposal or mechanism is organized under eight headings. A notation on each page identifies the utility or other group associated with the proposal or mechanism. The eight headings are as follows: status; background; treatment of cost recovery; treatment of lost revenues/decoupling; treatment of profitability; other features; issues, and additional observations.

Reid, M.W.; Brown, J.B. (Barakat and Chamberlin, Inc., Oakland, CA (United States)) [Barakat and Chamberlin, Inc., Oakland, CA (United States)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Event:COP 18 Side Event | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

COP 18 Side Event COP 18 Side Event Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png COP 18 Side Event: Advancing Collaborative Action for Low Emissions Development: on 2012/11/30 At the U.S. Center in Doha, Qatar, during the UNFCCC's eighteenth Conference of the Parties (COP 18) from 26 November - 7 December, the LEDS Global Partnership will host a side event: Advancing Collaborative Action for Low Emissions Development. Event Details Name COP 18 Side Event: Advancing Collaborative Action for Low Emissions Development Date 2012/11/30 Location Doha, Qatar Organizer LEDS Global Partnership Tags LEDS, CLEAN, Training Website Event Website Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Event:COP_18_Side_Event&oldid=538797"

93

Double sided circuit board and a method for its manufacture  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Conductance between the sides of a large double sided printed circuit board is provided using a method which eliminates the need for chemical immersion or photographic exposure of the entire large board. A plurality of through-holes are drilled or punched in a substratum according to the desired pattern, conductive laminae are made to adhere to both sides of the substratum covering the holes and the laminae are pressed together and permanently joined within the holes, providing conductive paths. 4 figs.

Lindenmeyer, C.W.

1988-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

94

Network-Driven Demand Side Management Website | Open Energy Informatio...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UtilityElectricity Service Costs) for this property. This task of the International Energy Agency is a broad, systematic examination of the potential for demand-side...

95

Changing Energy Demand Behavior: Potential of Demand-Side Management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There is a great theoretical potential to save resources by managing our demand for energy. However, demand-side management (DSM) programs targeting behavioral patterns of...

Dr. Sylvia Breukers; Dr. Ruth Mourik…

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Distributed Coordination Schemes for Periodic Loads for Demand Side Management.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Demand side management (DSM) is a means to improve the energy efficiency, reduce the greenhouse gas emission, the consumers’ cost and the power grid… (more)

Xia, Tian

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Load-side Demand Management in Buildings using Controlled Electric Springs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The concept of demand-side management for electricand simulation of demand-side management potential in urbanin smart grids, demand side management has been a keen topic

Soni, Jayantika; Krishnanand, KR; Panda, Sanjib

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Integration of Demand Side Management, Distributed Generation, Renewable  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Integration of Demand Side Management, Distributed Generation, Renewable Integration of Demand Side Management, Distributed Generation, Renewable Energy Sources, and Energy Storages: State-of-the-Art Report, Volume 1, Main Report Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Integration of Demand Side Management, Distributed Generation, Renewable Energy Sources, and Energy Storages: State-of-the-Art Report, Volume 1, Main Report Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Policy, Deployment, & Program Impact Website: www.ieadsm.org/Files/Tasks/Task%20XVII%20-%20Integration%20of%20Demand Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/integration-demand-side-management-di Language: English Policies: Regulations Regulations: Resource Integration Planning This task of the International Energy Agency's (IEA's) Demand-Side

99

Research Needs: Glass Solar Reflectance and Vinyl Siding  

SciTech Connect

The subject of glass solar reflectance and its contribution to permanent vinyl siding distortion has not been extensively studied, and some phenomena are not yet well understood. This white paper presents what is known regarding the issue and identifies where more research is needed. Three primary topics are discussed: environmental factors that control the transfer of heat to and from the siding surface; vinyl siding properties that may affect heat build-up and permanent distortion; and factors that determine the properties of reflected solar radiation from glass surfaces, including insulating window glass. Further research is needed to fully characterize the conditions associated with siding distortion, the scope of the problem, physical properties of vinyl siding, insulating window glass reflection characteristics, and possible mitigation or prevention strategies.

Hart, Robert; Curcija, Charlie; Arasteh, Dariush; Goudey, Howdy; Kohler, Christian; Selkowitz, Stephen

2011-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

100

SHELTER IN PLACE What conditions may warrant sheltering in place?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

air conditioners, furnaces, and fans, if possible. o SEAL all windows, doors and air vents with plastic sheeting and duct tape, if possible or o IMPROVISE and use what you have on hand to seal gaps so

Fernandez, Eduardo

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

SHELTER IN PLACE What conditions may warrant sheltering in place?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

conditioners, furnaces, and fans, if possible. o SEAL all windows, doors and air vents with plastic sheeting release outside of the building: o BRING an emergency/first aid kit it into this room. o TURN OFF air and duct tape, if possible or o IMPROVISE and use what you have on hand to seal gaps so that you create

Fernandez, Eduardo

102

SHELTER IN PLACE What conditions may warrant sheltering in place?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

conditioners, furnaces, and fans, if possible. o SEAL all windows, doors and air vents with plastic sheeting release outside of the building: o BRING an emergency/first aid kit it into this room. o TURN OFF air and duct tape, if possible o IMPROVISE and use what you have on hand to seal gaps so that you create

Fernandez, Eduardo

103

Integration of Demand Side Management, Distributed Generation, Renewable  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Integration of Demand Side Management, Distributed Generation, Renewable Integration of Demand Side Management, Distributed Generation, Renewable Energy Sources, and Energy Storages: State-of-the-Art Report, Volume 2, Annexes Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Integration of Demand Side Management, Distributed Generation, Renewable Energy Sources, and Energy Storages: State-of-the-Art Report, Volume 2, Annexes Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Policy, Deployment, & Program Impact Website: www.ieadsm.org/Files/Tasks/Task%20XVII%20-%20Integration%20of%20Demand Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/integration-demand-side-management-di Language: English Policies: Regulations Regulations: Resource Integration Planning This report provides Annexes 1 through 7, which are country reports from

104

Agreement for Energy Conservation and Demand Side Management Services Template  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Document features a template agreement between a U.S. Federal agency and a utility company for the implementation of energy conservation measures (ECMs) and demand side management (DSM) services.

105

From client-side encryption to secure web applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents an approach for designing secure web applications that use client-side encryption to keep user data private in the face of arbitrary web server compromises, as well as a set of tools, called CryptFrame, ...

Stark, Emily (Emily Margarete)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Optimizing Electric Humidifier Operation with an Air Side Economizer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Air side economizer cycle is a control scheme that is often used in WAC systems to reduce cooling energy consumption by introducing variable quantities of ambient air into a conditioned space to satisfy the space cooling load (free cooling...

Shami, U. F.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

A Survey on Privacy in Residential Demand Side Management Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Demand Side Management (DSM) is an auspicious concept for ... on privacy energy issues and potential solutions in Demand Response systems. For this we give an ... the BSI and indicate three technical types of Demand

Markus Karwe; Jens Strüker

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Demand Side Management in Smart Buildings Using KNX/EIB  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper aims to present the development, design and analysis of a control scheme named Thermal Model Predictive Control for Demand Side Management Cooling Strategies. The control is implemented on ... for ener...

P. Romanos; N. Hatziargyriou; Jurgen Schmid

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Innovative and Progressive Electric Utility Demand-Side Management Strategies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to as Demand-Side Management (DSM) and are extremely rigorous in scope. Electric utilities have pursued many different DSM policies and strategies during the past decade. These programs have addressed various technologies and have included rebates for efficient...

Epstein, G. J.; Fuller, W. H.

110

COP 18 Side Event Agenda | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

COP 18 Side Event Agenda COP 18 Side Event Agenda Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Advancing climate-resilient low emission development around the world Home About Tools Expert Assistance Events Publications Join Us COP18 Side Event Announcement Agenda Speakers Agenda LEDSGPSideEvent Agenda.pdf Powered by OpenEI ledsgp.org is built on the same platform as the popular Wikipedia site. Like Wikipedia, it is a "wiki" or website developed collaboratively by a community of users. Thanks to our unique relationship with OpenEI.org, you can add or edit most content on ledsgp.org. For more information about this unique collaboration, contact us. View or edit this page on OpenEI.org. Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=COP_18_Side_Event_Agenda&oldid=588616"

111

COP 18 Side Event: Advancing Collaborative Action for Low Emissions  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Event: Advancing Collaborative Action for Low Emissions Event: Advancing Collaborative Action for Low Emissions Development Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Advancing climate-resilient low emission development around the world Home About Tools Expert Assistance Events Publications Join Us COP18 Side Event Announcement Agenda Speakers COP 18 Side Event - Advancing Collaborative Action for Low Emissions Development 30 November 2012 Doha, Qatar, U.S. Center On 30 November 2012 at the U.S. Center in Doha, Qatar, during the UNFCCC's eighteenth Conference of the Parties (COP 18) from 26 November - 7 December, the LEDS Global Partnership will host a side event: Advancing Collaborative Action for Low Emissions Development. The event is an initiative of the LEDS Global Partnership (http://openei.org/wiki/LEDSGP), founded to advance low emissions

112

Evolution of the Demand Side Management in the Smart Grid  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Evolution of the Demand Side Management in the Smart Grid Evolution of the Demand Side Management in the Smart Grid Speaker(s): Nathan Ota Date: October 20, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Janie Page Smart grid technology has rapidly evolved over the course of the last five years. From a demand side management perspective this includes consumer-owned Home Area Networks (HAN), network-centric HAN gateways, and a leveraging of a multitier smart grid for a variety of DSM applications. In particular, smart meters enable the consumer with electricity price information and near-real time energy usage data, but they also are the devices that consumers will most often interact. The success or failure of the in-home device is therefore critical to the larger Smart Grid success. Today, distinct DSM product categories are leading to a variety of new

113

Side extraction duoPIGatron-type ion source.  

SciTech Connect

We have designed and constructed a compact duoPIGatron-type ion source, for possible use in ion implanters, in such the ion can be extracted from side aperture in contrast to conventional duoPIGatron sources with axial ion extraction. The size of the side extraction aperture is 1x40 mm. The ion source was developed to study physical and technological aspects relevant to an industrial ion source. The side extraction duoPIGatron has stable arc, uniformly bright illumination, and dense plasma. The present work describes some of preliminary operating parameters of the ion source using Argon, BF3. The total unanalyzed beam currents are 23 mA using Ar at an arc current 5 A and 13 mA using BF3 gas at an arc current 6 A.

GUSHENETS,V.I.; OKS, E.M.; HERSCHOVITCH, A.; JOHNSON, B.M.

2007-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

114

U.S. electric utility demand-side management 1995  

SciTech Connect

The US Electric Utility Demand-Side Management report is prepared by the Coal and Electric Data and Renewables Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternative Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. The report presents comprehensive information on electric power industry demand-side management (DSM) activities in the US at the national, regional, and utility levels. The objective of the publication is to provide industry decision makers, government policy makers, analysts, and the general public with historical data that may be used in understanding DSM as it relates to the US electric power industry. The first chapter, ``Profile: US Electric Utility Demand-Side Management``, presents a general discussion of DSM, its history, current issues, and a review of key statistics for the year. Subsequent chapters present discussions and more detailed data on energy savings, peak load reductions and costs attributable to DSM. 9 figs., 24 tabs.

NONE

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

U.S. electric utility demand-side management 1996  

SciTech Connect

The US Electric Utility Demand-Side Management report presents comprehensive information on electric power industry demand-side management (DSM) activities in the US at the national, regional, and utility levels. The objective of the publication is to provide industry decision makers, government policy makers, analysts, and the general public with historical data that may be used in understanding DSM as it related to the US electric power industry. The first chapter, ``Profile: U.S. Electric Utility Demand-Side Management,`` presents a general discussion of DSM, its history, current issues, and a review of key statistics for the year. Subsequent chapters present discussions and more detailed data on energy savings, peak load reductions and costs attributable to DSM. 9 figs., 24 tabs.

NONE

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Energy Conservation and Commercialization in Gujarat: Report On Demand Side  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Conservation and Commercialization in Gujarat: Report On Demand Side Energy Conservation and Commercialization in Gujarat: Report On Demand Side Management (DSM) In Gujarat Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy Conservation and Commercialization in Gujarat: Report On Demand Side Management (DSM) In Gujarat Focus Area: Crosscutting Topics: Opportunity Assessment & Screening Website: eco3.org/wp-content/plugins/downloads-manager/upload/Report%20on%20Dem Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/energy-conservation-and-commercializa Language: English Policies: "Deployment Programs,Financial Incentives,Regulations" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. DeploymentPrograms: Technical Assistance Regulations: Resource Integration Planning

117

Review of Strategies and Technologies for Demand-Side Management on Isolated Mini-Grids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Technologies for Demand-Side Management on Isolated Mini-technologies used for demand- side management (DSM) on mini-can provide additional demand-side management based on the

Harper, Meg

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Mul$-scale Demand-Side Management for Con$nuous Power-intensive Processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Mul$-scale Demand-Side Management for Con$nuous Power-intensive Processes Response Energy Efficiency Demand-Side Management (DSM)1 Integra on Demand-Side Management, with an emphasis on price responsive programs", CRA No

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

119

E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic side chain Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1. Interactions between oppositely charged amino acid side- chains in the interaction interface... chain- main chain, main chain- sidechain and sidechain-side- chain. Only...

120

Review of Self-direct Demand Side Management (DSM) Programs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Review of Self-direct Demand Side Management (DSM) Programs Review of Self-direct Demand Side Management (DSM) Programs Title Review of Self-direct Demand Side Management (DSM) Programs Publication Type Presentation Year of Publication 2012 Authors Borgeson, Merrian Keywords demand side resources: policy, electricity markets, electricity markets and policy group, energy analysis and environmental impacts department, energy efficiency, self direct programs, technical assistance Full Text LBNL recently provided technical assistance funded by DOE to the Public Utilities Commission of Ohio to inform their decision-making about changes to their existing self-direct program for commercial and industrial customers. Self-direct programs are usually targeted at large industrial customers with specialized needs or strong in-house energy engineering capacity. These programs are found in at least 24 states, and there is significant variety in how these programs are structured - with important implications for the additionality and reliability of the energy savings that result. LBNL reviewed existing programs and compared key elements of self-direct program design. For additional questions about this work, please contact Merrian Borgeson.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Post-Mubarak Egypt: The Dark Side of Islamic Utopia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

23 Post-Mubarak Egypt: The Dark Side of Islamic Utopia Robert S. Wistrich Robert S. Wistrich victor in the first two rounds of the democratic elections currently taking place in post-Mubarak Egypt. Though they did not initiate the wider popular movement toward democracy, the Islamist forces in Egypt

Anat, Maril,

122

Double-Sided Cooling Design for Novel Planar Module  

SciTech Connect

A novel packaging structure for medium power modules featuring power semiconductor switches sandwiched between two symmetric substrates that fulfill electrical conduction and insulation functions is presented. Large bonding areas between dies and substrates allow this packaging technology to offer significant improvements in electrical, thermal performance. Double-sided cooling system was dedicatedly analyzed and designed for different applications.

Ning, Puqi [ORNL; Liang, Zhenxian [ORNL; Marlino, Laura D [ORNL; Wang, Fei [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

The Other Side of the Stethoscope: Mental Health on  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, written survey exploring attitudes toward personal health care and potentially impairing illness in peersThe Other Side of the Stethoscope: Mental Health on the Physician Developmental Continuum Andreea L mental health difficulties in medical students, residents, and practicing physicians · Understand

Leistikow, Bruce N.

124

Server-side Tracking of New Documents Fred Douglis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Server-side Tracking of New Documents Fred Douglis douglis@research.att.com AT&T Labs that is already common for other purposes, to identify a particular user across visits and to track the versions. Indeed, Chen and Koutsofios's Website News system [3], which tracks changes recursively from a site

Douglis, Fred

125

National Chemistry Week Theme: "Candy: The Sweet Side of Chemistry"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

National Chemistry Week Theme: "Candy: The Sweet Side of Chemistry" Super Science Saturday Saturday-on chemistry and science demonstrations! All students & families are welcome! Fun & educational for all ages! Sponsored by: American Chemical Society LSU Department of Chemistry LSU Athletic Department Free admission

Stephens, Jacqueline

126

Fault and Side-Channel Attacks on Pairing Based Cryptography ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

such devices will be carried into and used in hostile environments and often house sensitive information devices need to be aware of similar problems in their operational environments. We can extend this passive information as passive attacks. Although side-channel attack and defence techniques are becoming increas

127

Model-Driven Design of Web Applications with Client-Side Adaptation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-side "backbone". We then integrate such a backbone with UML-Guide [9], a client-side personalization engineModel-Driven Design of Web Applications with Client-Side Adaptation Stefano Ceri1 , Peter Dolog2. In this paper, we integrate WebML, a high-level model and technol- ogy for building server-side Web applications

Dolog, Peter

128

An MILP Formulation for Load-Side Demand Control Zhonghui Luo, Ratnesh Kumar*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Demand control systems can be divided functionally into supply-side and load-side control/management systems. Supply-side demand management systems, implemented by the utilities, choose between maintainingAn MILP Formulation for Load-Side Demand Control Zhonghui Luo, Ratnesh Kumar* , Joseph Sottile

Kumar, Ratnesh

129

Catalyzing Cooperative Action for Low Emissions Development Side Event in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Side Event in Side Event in Bonn Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Advancing climate-resilient low emission development around the world Home About Tools Expert Assistance Events Publications Join Us Bonn Event Agenda Presentations Catalyzing Cooperative Action for Low Emissions Development May 23, 2012 Bonn, Germany Dear Colleagues, We are delighted to invite you to participate in an event co-convened by the International Partnership on Mitigation and MRV and the Low Emissions Development Strategies (LEDS) Global Partnership. The event titled Catalyzing Cooperative Action for Low Emissions Development will take place on May 23, 2012 from 17:00-19:15 at the BMU Headquarters in Bonn, Room Number: 1.150 (first floor) and will be followed by a reception from 19:15-20:30 (same level). The purpose of the event is to share information

130

Demand-Side Management (DSM) Opportunities as Real-Options  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Demand-Side Management (DSM) Opportunities as Real-Options Demand-Side Management (DSM) Opportunities as Real-Options Speaker(s): Osman Sezgen Date: August 1, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Kristina LaCommare As some end-users of energy and aggregators are choosing to be exposed to real-time prices and energy price volatility, they are coming across new DSM opportunities that would not be feasible under typical utility rate structures. Effective evaluation of such opportunities requires a good understanding of the wholesale energy markets and the use of models based on recent financial techniques for option pricing. The speaker will give examples of such modeling approaches based on his experience in the retail-energy industry. Specific examples will include evaluation of distributed generation, load curtailment, dual-fuel cooling, and energy

131

COP 18 Side Event General Information | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » COP 18 Side Event General Information Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Advancing climate-resilient low emission development around the world Home About Tools Expert Assistance Events Publications Join Us COP18 Side Event Announcement Agenda Speakers General Information LEDSGPDoha - Advancing Collaborative Action for Low Emissions Development.pdf Powered by OpenEI ledsgp.org is built on the same platform as the popular Wikipedia site. Like Wikipedia, it is a "wiki" or website developed collaboratively by a community of users. Thanks to our unique relationship with OpenEI.org, you

132

Shady Side, Maryland: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Side, Maryland: Energy Resources Side, Maryland: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 38.8417821°, -76.5121798° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.8417821,"lon":-76.5121798,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

133

Assessment of gas-side fouling in cement plants  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study is to provide an assessment of gas-side fouling in cement plants with special emphasis on heat recovery applications. Exhaust gases in the cement industry which are suitable for heat recovery range in temperature from about 400 to 1300 K, are generally dusty, may be highly abrasive, and are often heavily laden with alkalies, sulfates, and chlorides. Particulates in the exhaust streams range in size from molecular to about 100 ..mu..m in diameter and come from both the raw feed as well as the ash in the coal which is the primary fuel used in the cement industry. The major types of heat-transfer equipment used in the cement industry include preheaters, gas-to-air heat exchangers, waste heat boilers, and clinker coolers. The most important gas-side fouling mechanisms in the cement industry are those due to particulate, chemical reaction, and corrosion fouling. Particulate transport mechanisms which appear to be of greatest importance include laminar and turbulent mass transfer, thermophoresis, electrophoresis, and inertial impaction. Chemical reaction mechanisms of particular importance include the deposition of alkali sulfates, alkali chlorides, spurrite, calcium carbonate, and calcium sulfate. At sufficiently low temperatures, sulfuric acid and water can condense on heat exchanger surfaces which can cause corrosion and also attract particulates in the flow. The deleterious effects of gas-side fouling in cement plants are due to: (1) increased capital costs; (2) increased maintenance costs; (3) loss of production; and (4) energy losses. A conservative order-of-magnitude analysis shows that the cost of gas-side fouling in US cement plants is $0.24 billion annually.

Marner, W.J.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Side-Jump Effect in Paramagnetic Amorphous Metals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(H) that is based on. the side-jump effect. Measurements for chi, R(H), and rho of (Zr0.64Cu0.36)1-xAlx and chi for (Zr0.50Ni0.50)1-xAlx alloys are presented. The odd behavior of the Hall coefficients of these alloys and the anomalous positive Hall coefficients...

RHIE, K.; Naugle, Donald G.; O, BH; MARKERT, JT.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

A new microstrip detector with double-sided readout  

SciTech Connect

A Si {mu}-strip detector has been developed with 50 {mu}m pitch strips on both p- and n-side, using the principle of capacitive coupling between p{sup +} diode strips---respectively n{sup +} strips and the metallization strips which connect to the front-end preamplifiers. The detector is biased on both sides via polysilicon resistors connecting each p{sup +} or n{sup +} line to a common bias bus. To allow ohmic separation at the n-side, the accumulation layer of electrons has to be disrupted between the n{sup +} strips. This has been achieved in three different ways: separate polysilicon lines on thick oxide between two adjacent n{sup +} lines to break the conducting accumulation layer by externally induced field depletion or using the metal lines of the n{sup +} strips on thick oxide and on thin oxide. Results on 20 {times} 20 mm{sup 2} test devices are presented.

Avset, B.S.; Evensen, L. (SI, Oslo (NO)); Chabaud, V.; Dijkstra, H.; Horisberger, R.; Hubbeling, L.; Maehlum, G.; Peisert, A.; Roditi, I.; Weilhammer, P. (CERN, Geneva (CH)); Czermak, A.; Jalocha, P.; Turala, M. (Institute of Nuclear Physics, Cracow (Poland)); Bambade, P. (LAL, Orsay (FR)); Dulinski, W.; Turchetta, R.; Schaeffer, M. (CRN, Strasbourg (FR)); Battaglia, M. (INFN, Milan (IT)); Hietanen, I.; Tuuva, T. (Helsinki Univ. (Finland))

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Air-Side and Plant-Side Resistances Influence the Uptake of Airborne PCBs by Evergreen Plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The transfer of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) from air to vegetation is an important air-surface exchange process that affects global cycling and can result in human and wildlife exposure via the terrestrial food chain. ... One hypothesis is that wind speed may be an important variable between sites (17, 21), because the rate of supply from the bulk air and diffusion through the thinner atmospheric boundary layer would be more rapid at windier locations, for example (8, 17). ... This study supports the earlier work by McLachlan and co-workers (4) by showing that air-side resistance limits the uptake of gas-phase POPs under still-air conditions, although our results show that plant-side resistance can also be important under natural (windy) conditions. ...

Jonathan L. Barber; Gareth O. Thomas; Gerhard Kerstiens; Kevin C. Jones

2002-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

137

Deploying Server-side File System Monitoring at NERSC  

SciTech Connect

The Franklin Cray XT4 at the NERSC center was equipped with the server-side I/O monitoring infrastructure Cerebro/LMT, which is described here in detail. Insights gained from the data produced include a better understanding of instantaneous data rates during file system testing, file system behavior during regular production time, and long-term average behaviors. Information and insights gleaned from this monitoring support efforts to proactively manage the I/O infrastructure on Franklin. A simple model for I/O transactions is introduced and compared with the 250 million observations sent to the LMT database from August 2008 to February 2009.

Uselton, Andrew

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Organizing for demand-side management program implementation  

SciTech Connect

Organizing for the implementation of a demand-side management (DSM) program, is an exercise in planning and acquiring resources. However, the requirements for energy efficiency program implementation will vary and are dependent upon the type of mechanism employed in delivering the program. For example, commercial energy efficiency programs generally have three delivery mechanisms: rebate; direct installation; or DSM. For residential programs there are two unique methods, one a catalog program, which provides a source of purchasing energy efficient products, or a point-of-sale program, where rebates, in the form of coupons can be redeemed at the time of product purchase.

Obeiter, R.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Measurement of Bd mixing using opposite-side flavor tagging  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report on a measurement of the Bd0 mixing frequency and the calibration of an opposite-side flavor tagger in the D0 experiment. Various properties associated with the b quark on the opposite side of the reconstructed B meson are combined using a likelihood-ratio method into a single variable with enhanced tagging power. Its performance is tested with data, using a large sample of reconstructed semileptonic B??D0X and B??D*X decays, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of approximately 1??fb-1. The events are divided into groups depending on the value of the combined tagging variable, and an independent analysis is performed in each group. Combining the results of these analyses, the overall effective tagging power is found to be ?D2=(2.48±0.21-0.06+0.08)%. The measured Bd0 mixing frequency ?md=0.506±0.020(stat)±0.016(syst)??ps-1 is in good agreement with the world average value.

V. M. Abazov et al. (D0 Collaboration)

2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

140

Intelligent demand side energy management system for autonomous polygeneration microgrids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Autonomous polygeneration microgrids is a novel approach in addressing the needs of remote areas. These needs can include power, fuel for transportation in the form of hydrogen, potable water through desalination and space heating and cooling. This approach has been investigated technically and economically and has proved viable. Further research has taken place in the supervisory management of this topology using computational intelligence techniques like fuzzy logic, which has optimized the concept minimizing the sizes of the installed components. The optimal design of the system can meet, though, only the design principles and needs. In reality experience has shown that most autonomous power systems operate out of specifications very shortly after installation or after a couple of years new needs arise and it is not possible economic wise for the people to extend it. In these cases the microgrid would struggle to cover the increased needs and in the end fail, causing blackouts. A solution to this is partial load shedding in an intelligent manner. This paper presents a multi agent system for intelligent demand side management of the polygeneration microgrid topology which also includes grey prediction algorithms for better management. This approach can also be used for designing the optimal polygeneration microgrid for a given amount of an investment. The results show that the proposed intelligent demand side management system can address its design principles successfully and guaranty the most effective operation even in conditions near and over the limits of the design specification of the autonomous polygeneration microgrid.

George Kyriakarakos; Dimitrios D. Piromalis; Anastasios I. Dounis; Konstantinos G. Arvanitis; George Papadakis

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

E-Print Network 3.0 - atlas cavern side Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

cavern side Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: atlas cavern side Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Radiation in the USA15 cavern in ATLAS...

142

Demand-Side Management in The U.S.: Do We Have All the Answers?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The concept of demand-side management (DSM) has been used in the ... changes to electricity use patterns on the customer side of the meter, and to adjust their ... framework emerged to explicitly incorporate the ...

Veronika A. Rabl

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

The use of systematic reviews to analyse demand-side management policy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Demand-side management (DSM) seeks to reduce overall energy ... change when energy is used to reduce peak demands and smooth the load curve. DSM is ... and carbon emissions reduction. However, the policy side of ...

Peter Warren

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Marginal Cost Pricing: An Efficient Tool to Ensure Electricity Demand Side Management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The constant adaptation between electricity supply and demand can be achieved in two ways : On the supply side, through the construction of additional facilities, and on the demand side, by implementing tariffs, ...

B. Lescoeur; J. B. Galland; E. Husson

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

proteinsSTRUCTURE O FUNCTION O BIOINFORMATICS An energy-based conformer library for side  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The side chain library is essential to transform what is a continuum search space into a discretizedproteinsSTRUCTURE O FUNCTION O BIOINFORMATICS An energy-based conformer library for side chain key elements (Fig. 1): (1) a backbone that provides a structural tem- plate; (2) a side chain library

Senes, Alessandro

146

CSEM WP 165R Demand-Side Management and Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CSEM WP 165R Demand-Side Management and Energy Efficiency Revisited Maximilian Auffhammer, Carl, California 94720-5180 www.ucei.org #12;Demand-Side Management and Energy Efficiency Revisited Maximilian associated with energy efficiency demand side management (DSM) programs. This claim is based on point

Auffhammer, Maximilian

147

Simple models of district heating systems for load and demand side management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simple models of district heating systems for load and demand side management and operational heating systems for load and demand side management and operational optimisation Simple modeller and demand side management and operational optimisation © 2004 by the authors, Department of Mechanical

148

Division of IT Convergence Engineering Optimal Demand-Side Energy Management Under  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Division of IT Convergence Engineering Optimal Demand-Side Energy Management Under Real-time Demand and wastage through better demand-side management and control is considered a key solution ingredient of appliance specific adapters. Designed and implemented GHS Modeled the demand-side energy management

Boutaba, Raouf

149

MC-Checker: Detecting Memory Consistency Errors in MPI One-Sided Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

bugs in MPI one-sided applications, with low overhead, ranging from 24.6% to 71.1%, with an average Terms -- Design, Performance, Reliability Keywords -- Bug Detection, MPI, One-Sided Communication I- world application, where the one-sided MPI_Get operation (line 2) is nonblocking. As a result, the data

Balaji, Pavan

150

Grid Friendly Appliances – Load-side Solution for Congestion Management  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the effectiveness of deploying grid-friendly{trademark} appliances (GFAs) as a load-side solution for congestion management in a competitive electricity market, with the residential house ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) load used as an example. A GFA is an appliance that can have a sensor and a controller installed to detect price, voltage, or frequency signals and turn on/off according to certain control logic. By using the congestion price as a signal to shift GFA power consumption from high-price periods to low-price periods to reduce load in load pocket areas, transmission line congestion can be successfully mitigated. The magnitude of GFA load reduction and the location of the GFA resources are critical to relieve congestion on targeted lines while not causing other lines to congest. Simulation results are presented and the impact of implementing price-responsive GFAs on the power grid is also studied.

Lu, Ning; Nguyen, Tony B.

2006-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

151

Send-side matching of data communications messages  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Send-side matching of data communications messages includes a plurality of compute nodes organized for collective operations, including: issuing by a receiving node to source nodes a receive message that specifies receipt of a single message to be sent from any source node, the receive message including message matching information, a specification of a hardware-level mutual exclusion device, and an identification of a receive buffer; matching by two or more of the source nodes the receive message with pending send messages in the two or more source nodes; operating by one of the source nodes having a matching send message the mutual exclusion device, excluding messages from other source nodes with matching send messages and identifying to the receiving node the source node operating the mutual exclusion device; and sending to the receiving node from the source node operating the mutual exclusion device a matched pending message.

Archer, Charles J.; Blocksome, Michael A.; Ratterman, Joseph D.; Smith, Brian E.

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

COP 18 Side Event Biography | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Event Biography Event Biography Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Advancing climate-resilient low emission development around the world Home About Tools Expert Assistance Events Publications Join Us COP18 Side Event Announcement Agenda Speakers Speakers Ron Benioff serves as Manager of Multilateral Programs for the U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). In this capacity he manages NREL's work on clean energy and environmental and climate initiatives with international agencies and countries in all regions of the world. This includes serving as director of the LEDS Global Partnership Secretariat and of the Green Growth Best Practices Initiative and providing senior management leadership of the Clean Energy Solutions Center, a Clean Energy Ministerial initiative.

153

Brominated Sorbents for Small Cold-Side ESPs, Hot-Side ESPs and Fly Ash Use in Concrete  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the work conducted from September 16, 2005 through December 31, 2008 on the project entitled �Brominated Sorbents for Small Cold-Side ESPs, Hot-Side ESPs and Fly Ash Use in Concrete�. The project covers testing at three host sites: Progress Energy H.F. Lee Station and the Midwest Generation Crawford and Will County Stations. At Progress Energy Lee 1, parametric tests were performed both with and without SO{sub 3} injection in order to determine the impact on the mercury sorbent performance. In addition, tests were performed on the hot-side of the air preheater, before the SO{sub 3} is injected, with H-PAC� sorbents designed for use at elevated temperatures. The BPAC� injection provided the expected mercury removal when the SO{sub 3} injection was off. A mercury removal rate due to sorbent of more than 80% was achieved at an injection rate of 8 lb/MMacf. The operation with SO{sub 3} injection greatly reduced the mercury sorbent performance. An important learning came from the injection of H-PAC� on the hot-side of the air preheater before the SO{sub 3} injection location. The H-PAC� injected in this manner appeared to be independent of the SO{sub 3} injection and provided better mercury removal than with injecting on the cold-side with SO{sub 3} injection. Consequently, one solution for plants like Lee, with SO{sub 3} injection, or plants with SO{sub 3} generated by the SCR catalyst, is to inject H-PAC� on the hot-side before the SO{sub 3} is in the flue gas. Even better performance is possible by injecting on the cold-side without the SO{sub 3}, however. During the parametric testing, it was discovered that the injection of B-PAC� (or H-PAC�) was having a positive impact upon ESP performance. It was decided to perform a 3-day continuous injection run with B-PAC� in order to determine whether Lee 1 could operate without SO{sub 3} injection. If the test proved positive, the continuous injection would continue as part of the long-term test. The injection of B-PAC� did allow for the operation of Lee 1 without SO{sub 3} injection and the long-term test was conducted from March 8 through April 7, 2006. The total mercury removal for the 30-day long-term test, excluding the first day when SO{sub 3} was injected and the last day when a plain PAC was used, averaged 85%. The achievement of 85% Hg removal over the 30 days longterm test is another milestone in the history of achievement of the Albemarle Environmental f/k/a Sorbent Technologies Corporation B-PAC� sorbent. A clear indication of the impact of B-PAC� on opacity came at the end of the long-term test. It was hoped that Lee 1 could be operated for several days after the end of the long-term test. It took less than a day before the opacity began to increase. The discovery that B-PAC� can improve ESP performance while capturing a large amount of mercury is another milestone for the B-PAC� mercury sorbent. The parametric testing at the Midwest Generation Crawford Station was divided into two phases; the first using C-PAC�, the concrete friendly sorbent, and the other using nonconcrete friendly materials. The first phase of the parametric tests was conducted before the long-term test. The second phase of the parametric testing was performed after the long-term test in order to avoid contaminating the fly ash containing the concrete friendly sorbents. The parametric test began with an injection rate of 1 lb/MMacf and, after a period to allow the mercury concentration to stabilize, the rate was increased to 3 lb/MMacf. The Hg removal for this test was about 60% due to sorbent and 69% total at the injection rate of 1 lb/MMacf and 80% due to sorbent and 84% total for the 3 lb/MMacf injection rate. The average total vapor phase mercury removal for the first 21 days of the long-term test was 82% at an injection rate o

Ronald Landreth

2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

154

Preliminary Study of a Vented Attic Radiant Barrier System in Hot, Humid Climates Using Side-by-Side, Full-Scale Test Houses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A series of side-by-side tests was performed using two full scale test houses to determine the effectiveness of a Vented Radiant Barrier System (VRBS) in reducing the ceiling heat flux during the summer cooling season in North Florida. Another...

Lear, W. E.; Barrup, T. E.; Davis, K. E.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Evaluation of Side Stream Filtration Technology at Oak Ridge National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

This technology evaluation was performed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and Oak Ridge National Laboratory on behalf of the Federal Energy Management Program. The objective was to quantify the benefits side stream filtration provides to a cooling tower system. The evaluation assessed the performance of an existing side stream filtration system at a cooling tower system at Oak Ridge National Laboratory’s Spallation Neutron Source research facility. This location was selected because it offered the opportunity for a side-by-side comparison of a system featuring side stream filtration and an unfiltered system.

Boyd, Brian K.

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Demand side management in smart grid: A review and proposals for future direction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper mainly focuses on demand side management and demand response, including drivers and benefits, shiftable load scheduling methods and peak shaving techniques. Demand side management techniques found in literature are overviewed and a novel electricity demand control technique using real-time pricing is proposed. Currently users have no means to change their power consumption to benefit the whole system. The proposed method consists of modern system identification and control that would enable user side load control. This would potentially balance demand side with supply side more effectively and would also reduce peak demand and make the whole system more efficient.

Linas Gelazanskas; Kelum A.A. Gamage

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

VEE-0081 - In the Matter of North Side Coal & Oil Co., Inc. | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 - In the Matter of North Side Coal & Oil Co., Inc. 1 - In the Matter of North Side Coal & Oil Co., Inc. VEE-0081 - In the Matter of North Side Coal & Oil Co., Inc. On February 25, 2002, North Side Coal & Oil Co., Inc. (North Side) of Milwaukee, Wisconsin filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy (DOE). In its application, North Side requests that it be excused from filing the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) form entitled "Resellers'/ Retailers' Monthly Petroleum Product Sales Report" (Form EIA-782B). As explained below, we conclude that it is appropriate to excuse North Side from filing the Form EIA-782B from September 2002 until March 2003 because the firm is a "noncertainty firm" and has demonstrated that it will

158

Method of controlling the side wall thickness of a turbine nozzle segment for improved cooling  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gas turbine nozzle segment has outer and inner bands and a vane extending therebetween. Each band has a side wall, a cover and an impingement plate between the cover and nozzle wall defining two cavities on opposite sides of the impingement plate. Cooling steam is supplied to one cavity for flow through apertures of the impingement plate to cool the nozzle wall. The side wall of the band has an inturned flange defining with the nozzle wall an undercut region. The outer surface of the side wall is provided with a step prior to welding the cover to the side wall. A thermal barrier coating is applied in the step and, after the cover is welded to the side wall, the side wall is finally machined to a controlled thickness removing all, some or none of the coating.

Burdgick, Steven Sebastian (Schenectady, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Harsh medicine. [retail wheeling experiment in Michigan and side effects  

SciTech Connect

Retailing wheeling's harmful side-effects may surface in a Michigan experiment. In the final analysis, the debate over retail wheeling is about whether there will be direct price competition in the electric power industry. Retail wheeling would extend to the electric power market the same freedom of choice among customers that is present elsewhere in the economy. It would provide a mechanism through which competition could enforce an efficient allocation of resources. It also undoubtedly would eliminate most of the huge discrepancies that exist between so many neighboring service areas. It is unlikely that permitting retail wheeling would actually result in much wheeling or loss of load. Utilities will no doubt meet the threat of the loss of load by cutting rates to hold their customers. Hence, the primary effect would be on the pricing of electricity, not the wheeling of power. The retail wheeling experiment under consideration in Michigan can become an important step toward making the utility industry more efficient for the nation and more equitable for ratepayers. Unfortunately, it also is potentially unfair to the utilities involved. A retail wheeling experiment in one state is likely to put those utilities at risk for competitive attack, but is unlikely to give those utilities the countervailing power to use retail wheeling elsewhere to market their power. Fairness and economic efficiency require that retail wheeling exist everywhere, and that is is accessible to utilities as well as non-utilities.

Studness, C.M.

1993-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

160

Smart charging and appliance scheduling approaches to demand side management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Various forms of demand side management (DSM) programs are being deployed by utility companies for load flattening amongst the residential power users. These programs are tailored to offer monetary incentives to electricity customers so that they voluntarily consume electricity in an efficient way. Thus, DSM presents households with numerous opportunities to lower their electricity bills. However, systems that combine the various DSM strategies with a view to maximizing energy management benefits have not received sufficient attention. This study therefore proposes an intelligent energy management framework that can be used to implement both energy storage and appliance scheduling schemes. By adopting appliance scheduling, customers can realize cost savings by appropriately scheduling their power consumption during the low peak hours. More savings could further be achieved through smart electricity storage. Power storage allows electricity consumers to purchase power during off-peak hours when electricity prices are low and satisfy their demands when prices are high by discharging the batteries. For optimal cost savings, the customers must constantly monitor the price fluctuations in order to determine when to switch between the utility grid and the electricity storage devices. However, with a high penetration of consumer owned storage devices, the charging of the batteries must be properly coordinated and appropriately scheduled to avoid creating new peaks. This paper therefore proposes an autonomous smart charging framework that ensures both the stability of the power grid and customer savings.

Christopher O. Adika; Lingfeng Wang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Tunable, diode side-pumped Er:YAG laser  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A discrete-element Er:YAG laser, side pumped by a 220 Watt peak-power InGaAs diode array, generates >500 mWatts at 2.94 {micro}m, and is tunable over a 6 nm range near about 2.936 {micro}m. The oscillator is a plano-concave resonator consisting of a concave high reflector, a flat output coupler, a Er:YAG crystal and a YAG intracavity etalon, which serves as the tuning element. The cavity length is variable from 3 cm to 4 cm. The oscillator uses total internal reflection in the Er:YAG crystal to allow efficient coupling of the diode emission into the resonating modes of the oscillator. With the tuning element removed, the oscillator produces up to 1.3 Watts of average power at 2.94 {micro}m. The duty factor of the laser is 6.5% and the repetition rate is variable up to 1 kHz. This laser is useful for tuning to an atmospheric transmission window at 2.935 {micro}m (air wavelength). The laser is also useful as a spectroscopic tool because it can access several infrared water vapor transitions, as well as transitions in organic compounds. Other uses include medical applications (e.g., for tissue ablation and uses with fiber optic laser scalpels) and as part of industrial effluent monitoring systems. 4 figs.

Hamilton, C.E.; Furu, L.H.

1997-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

162

A Hierarchical Framework for Demand-Side Frequency Control  

SciTech Connect

With large-scale plans to integrate renewable generation, more resources will be needed to compensate for the uncertainty associated with intermittent generation resources. Under such conditions, performing frequency control using only supply-side resources become not only prohibitively expensive but also technically difficult. It is therefore important to explore how a sufficient proportion of the loads could assume a routine role in frequency control to maintain the stability of the system at an acceptable cost. In this paper, a novel hierarchical decentralized framework for frequency based load control is proposed. The framework involves two decision layers. The top decision layer determines the optimal droop gain required from the aggregated load response on each bus using a robust decentralized control approach. The second layer consists of a large number of devices, which switch probabilistically during contingencies so that the aggregated power change matches the desired droop amount according to the updated gains. The proposed framework is based on the classical nonlinear multi-machine power system model, and can deal with timevarying system operating conditions while respecting the physical constraints of individual devices. Realistic simulation results based on a 68-bus system are provided to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed strategy.

Moya, Christian; Zhang, Wei; Lian, Jianming; Kalsi, Karanjit

2014-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

163

Vapor-side corrosion in thermal desalination plants  

SciTech Connect

This article reports the results of vapor-size corrosion monitoring studies carried out in multistage flash (MSF) desal unit No. 100 of Al-Khafji power and Desalination Plant in Saudi Arabia. Corrosion behavior of 70/30 Cu-Ni alloy, carbon steel (CS), and type 316L stainless steel (SS) was studied in vents and in the vapor size of distillers for 2,000, 4,000, and 9,000 h. Analyses of the experimental data indicated that in addition to O{sub 2}, S-containing compounds evolved during flashing of seawater reacted more with Cu-Ni alloy than with CS and type 316L SS. Explanations for comparatively higher corrosion of alloys exposed to the vapors of the first three (1 to 3) and middle (11 to 13) stages of the MSF plant are given with experimental results. Type 316L SS was found to be the alloy most resistant to vapor-side corrosion in all stages of distillers.

Asrar, N.; Malik, A.U.; Ahmed, S. [Saline Water Conversion Corp. (Saudi Arabia); Al-Khalidi, M.; Al-Moaili, K. [Al-Khafji Desalination Plant (Saudi Arabia)

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Development of plastic front side panels for green cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lightweight design with thermoplastics is a robust approach in order to reduce the CO2 emission and fuel consumption. This paper reviews the role of plastics in the green concept of automobile and develops the design process for replacing steel front side panels, so called steel car fender, with plastic ones. Conceptual design, material selection, and design strategy in terms of strength, moldability, and assembility were proposed. Injection molding optimization was carried out in order to ensure the quality of the plastic fender under a certain manufacturing conditions such as the applied molding machine and auxiliary equipment. Prototype manufacturing was also implemented to verify the manufacturability and the feasibility of the development process of a plastic car fender. The weight of the plastic car fender is 1.15 kg, reducing 41% compared to the steel fender. Although the production cost of the plastic fender is just slightly cheaper than that of steel one due to the high cost of the special plastic, the benefits such as lightweight, recyclability, manufacturability and design flexibility are the potential and practical application of the thermoplastic to the green automotive industry for making exterior parts.

H.S. Park; X.P. Dang; A. Roderburg; B. Nau

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Tunable, diode side-pumped Er: YAG laser  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A discrete-element Er:YAG laser, side pumped by a 220 Watt peak-power InGaAs diode array, generates >500 mWatts at 2.94 .mu.m, and is tunable over a 6 nm range near about 2.936 .mu.m. The oscillator is a plano-concave resonator consisting of a concave high reflector, a flat output coupler, a Er:YAG crystal and a YAG intracavity etalon, which serves as the tuning element. The cavity length is variable from 3 cm to 4 cm. The oscillator uses total internal reflection in the Er:YAG crystal to allow efficient coupling of the diode emission into the resonating modes of the oscillator. With the tuning element removed, the oscillator produces up to 1.3 Watts of average power at 2.94 .mu.m. The duty factor of the laser is 6.5% and the repetition rate is variable up to 1 kHz. This laser is useful for tuning to an atmospheric transmission window at 2.935 .mu.m (air wavelength). The laser is also useful as a spectroscopic tool because it can access several infrared water vapor transitions, as well as transitions in organic compounds. Other uses include medical applications (e.g., for tissue ablation and uses with fiber optic laser scalpels) and as part of industrial effluent monitoring systems.

Hamilton, Charles E. (Bellevue, WA); Furu, Laurence H. (Modesto, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Event:CDKN/MAPS side event: developing countries collaborating for climate  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CDKN/MAPS side event: developing countries collaborating for climate CDKN/MAPS side event: developing countries collaborating for climate compatible development Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png CDKN/MAPS side event: developing countries collaborating for climate compatible development: 20:15-21:45 on 2011/12/08 CDKN/MAPS side event: developing countries collaborating for climate compatible development Event Details Name CDKN/MAPS side event: developing countries collaborating for climate compatible development Date 2011/12/08 Time 20:15-21:45 Location Levubu River room, Durban Exhibition Centre Organizer Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) Tags Climate Knowledge Broker Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Event:CDKN/MAPS_side_event:_developing_countries_collaborating_for_climate_compatible_development&oldid=391878

167

TEE-0067 - In the Matter of North Side Coal & Oil Co., Inc. | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 - In the Matter of North Side Coal & Oil Co., Inc. 7 - In the Matter of North Side Coal & Oil Co., Inc. TEE-0067 - In the Matter of North Side Coal & Oil Co., Inc. On December 2, 2009, North Side Coal & Oil Co., Inc. (North Side) filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy (DOE). The firm requests that it be permanently relieved of the requirement to prepare and file the Energy Information Administration (EIA) Form EIA-782B, entitled "Resellers'/Retailers' Monthly Petroleum Product Sales Report." As explained below, we have determined that the request should be denied. tee0067.pdf More Documents & Publications VEE-0081 - In the Matter of North Side Coal & Oil Co., Inc. TEE-0071 - In the Matter of Monroe Oil Company

168

Apparatus for impingement cooling a side wall adjacent an undercut region of a turbine nozzle segment  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gas turbine nozzle segment has outer and inner bands and vanes therebetween. Each band includes a side wall, a cover and an impingement plate between the cover and nozzle wall defining two cavities on opposite sides of the impingement plate. Cooling steam is supplied to one cavity for flow through apertures of the impingement plate to cool the nozzle wall. The side wall of the band and inturned flange define with the nozzle wall an undercut region. Slots are formed through the inturned flange along the nozzle side wall. A plate having through-apertures extending between opposite edges thereof is disposed in each slot, the slots and plates being angled such that the cooling medium exiting the apertures in the second cavity lie close to the side wall for focusing and targeting cooling medium onto the side wall.

Burdgick, Steven Sebastian (Schenectady, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Understanding the effect of side groups in ionic liquids on carbon...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the effect of side groups in ionic liquids on carbon-capture properties: a combined experimental and theoretical effort Previous Next List Fangyong Yan, Michael Lartey, Krishnan...

170

Side 1 av 3 AoC1 underskelse hsten 2006 Innledende test  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Side 1 av 3 AoC1 undersøkelse høsten 2006 ­ Innledende test Noter test-person-nr.her: [ _____ ] Du

Natvig, Lasse

171

Side 1 av 3 AoC1 underskelse hsten 2006 Avsluttende test  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Side 1 av 3 AoC1 undersøkelse høsten 2006 ­ Avsluttende test Noter test-person-nr.her: [ _____ ] Du

Natvig, Lasse

172

The Impact on Consumer Behavior of Energy Demand Side Management Programs Measurement Techniques and Methods.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Much effort has gone into measuring the impact of Demand Side Management (DSM) programs on energy usage, particularly in regards to electric usage. However, there… (more)

Pursley, Jeffrey L

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Review of Strategies and Technologies for Demand-Side Management on Isolated Mini-Grids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

demand- side management (DSM) on mini-grids throughout theunderpin the need to employ DSM to reduce load or spreadand technologies for DSM vary. As described above, one

Harper, Meg

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Cost-Effective Side-Coupling Polymer Fiber Optics for Optical Interconnections  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Potentially low-cost optical side-couplers embedded along a polymer optical fiber are demonstrated using etched micromirrors. Both serial and parallel mirror fabrication possibilities...

Li, Yao; Wang, Ting; Fasanella, Kenneth

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Experimenting with the Sweet Side of Chemistry: Connecting Students and Science through Food Chemistry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Experimenting with the Sweet Side of Chemistry: Connecting Students and Science through Food Chemistry ... Food science is the greenest of all sciences. ...

Sally B. Mitchell

2014-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

176

Welding Hot Cracking of Side Shell of Drilling-Well Oil Storage Ship  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Cracks were found in the weld metal (WM) of weld-section of side shell of drilling-well oil storage ship when performing post weld radiographic...

Zhi-wei Yu; Xiao-lei Xu

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

E-Print Network 3.0 - acid side-chain nmr Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rutgers University Collection: Chemistry ; Biotechnology 4 The mechanism(s) of protein folding What is meant by mechanism Summary: marker, both for the backbone and the side...

178

E-Print Network 3.0 - azobenzene side groups Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

groups; in case the trans-cis photo... a hydrophobically modified poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) containing a number of azobenzene side groups is asso- ciated... PNIPAM structure...

179

588 IEEE SYSTEMS JOURNAL, VOL. 8, NO. 2, JUNE 2014 GTES: An Optimized Game-Theoretic Demand-Side  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Nei Kato, Fellow, IEEE, and Ivan Stojmenovic, Fellow, IEEE Abstract--Demand-side management in smart]­[4]. For the successful deployment of the smart grid, demand-side management or demand response [5]­[7] is crucial. Demand-side in the shape of loads of the utility company. While demand-side management aims at producing a change

Stojmenovic, Ivan

180

Adding client-side adaptation to the conceptual design of e-learning web applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we integrate WebML, a high-level model and technology for building server-side Web applications, with UML-Guide, a UML-based system that generates client-side guides for the adaptation of Web applications. The combination of the two systems ... Keywords: UML, WebML modeling, personalization, web engineering

Stefano Ceri; Peter Dolog; Maristella Matera; Wolfgang Nejdl

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

CERNA WORKING PAPER SERIES Pharmaceutical Regulation and Intellectual Property: the Third Side of the Triangle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

&D-intensive industries, such as pharmaceuticals. The Pharmaceutical Sector Inquiry published by the European Commission3 of the pharmaceutical industry. It thus attempts to close the third side of the triangle formed by the vertices1 CERNA WORKING PAPER SERIES Pharmaceutical Regulation and Intellectual Property: the Third Side

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

182

Rapid Protein Side-Chain Packing via Tree Decomposition Jinbo Xu1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is taken into consideration, then our tree-decomposition based energy minimization algorithm is more thanRapid Protein Side-Chain Packing via Tree Decomposition Jinbo Xu1,2 1 School of Computer Science 02139. j3xu@theory.csail.mit.edu Abstract. This paper proposes a novel tree decomposition based side

Xu, Jinbo

183

REAR-SIDE POINT-CONTACTS BY INLINE THERMAL EVAPORATION OF ALUMINUM Christoph Mader  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REAR-SIDE POINT-CONTACTS BY INLINE THERMAL EVAPORATION OF ALUMINUM Christoph Mader 1 , Jens Müller of point-contacted aluminum rear-sides for silicon solar cells that are metalized by inline thermal evaporation. We deposit aluminum layers of 2 µm thickness at dynamic deposition rates of 1.0, 2.9 and 5.0 µm

184

Low-Interest Loans for Customer-Side Distributed Resources | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Low-Interest Loans for Customer-Side Distributed Resources Low-Interest Loans for Customer-Side Distributed Resources Low-Interest Loans for Customer-Side Distributed Resources < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Solar Wind Program Info Start Date 7/21/2005 State Connecticut Program Type State Loan Program Rebate Amount Varies Provider Banc of America Long-term financing is available to retail end-use customers for the installation of customer-side distributed resources. Customer-side distributed resources are defined by Conn. Gen. Stat. § 16-1 as "(A) the generation of electricity from a unit with a rating of not more than

185

SIDE, a fiber fed spectrograph for the 10.4 m Gran Telescopio Canarias (GTC)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SIDE (Super Ifu Deployable Experiment) will be a second-generation, common-user instrument for the Grantecan (GTC) on La Palma (Canary Islands, Spain). It is being proposed as a spectrograph of low and intermediate resolution, highly efficient in multi-object spectroscopy and 3D spectroscopy. SIDE features the unique possibility of performing simultaneous visible and NIR observations for selected ranges. The SIDE project is leaded by the Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia (IAA-CSIC) in Granada (Spain) and the SIDE Consortium is formed by a total of 10 institutions from Spain, Mexico and USA. The SIDE Feasibility Study has been completed and currently the project is under revision by the GTC Project Office.

Prada, F; Rabaza, O; Sánchez, J; Ubierna, M

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

SIDE, a fiber fed spectrograph for the 10.4 m Gran Telescopio Canarias (GTC)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SIDE (Super Ifu Deployable Experiment) will be a second-generation, common-user instrument for the Grantecan (GTC) on La Palma (Canary Islands, Spain). It is being proposed as a spectrograph of low and intermediate resolution, highly efficient in multi-object spectroscopy and 3D spectroscopy. SIDE features the unique possibility of performing simultaneous visible and NIR observations for selected ranges. The SIDE project is leaded by the Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia (IAA-CSIC) in Granada (Spain) and the SIDE Consortium is formed by a total of 10 institutions from Spain, Mexico and USA. The SIDE Feasibility Study has been completed and currently the project is under revision by the GTC Project Office.

F. Prada; M. Azzaro; O. Rabaza; J. Sanchez; M. Ubierna

2008-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

187

Degradable Terpolymers with Alkyl Side Chains Demonstrate Enhanced Gene Delivery Potency and Nanoparticle Stability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Degradable, cationic poly(?-amino ester)s (PBAEs) with alkyl side chains are developed for non-viral gene delivery. Nanoparticles formed from these PBAE terpolymers exhibit significantly enhanced DNA transfection potency ...

Eltoukhy, Ahmed A.

188

Improving the System Life of Basic Oxygen and Electric Arc Furnace Hoods, Roofs, and Side Vents  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This factsheet describes the benefits of a high-performance aluminum bronze alloy to basic oxygen furnace and electric arc furnace components such as hoods, roofs, and side vents.

189

1H, 13C, and 15N backbone and side chain resonance assignments...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and catalytic mechanism of cyclophilins. Citation: Holliday M, F Zhang, NG Isern, GS Armstrong, and EZ Eisenmesser.2014."1H, 13C, and 15N backbone and side chain resonance...

190

Apparatus and methods for impingement cooling of a side wall of a turbine nozzle segment  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gas turbine nozzle segment has outer and inner bands and a vane therebetween. Each band includes a nozzle wall, a side wall, a cover and an impingement plate between the cover and the nozzle wall defining two cavities on opposite sides of the impingement plate. Cooling steam is supplied to one cavity for flow through apertures of the impingement plate to cool the nozzle wall. The side wall of the band and inturned flange define with the nozzle wall an undercut region. The impingement plate has a turned flange welded to the inturned flange. A backing plate overlies the turned flange and aligned apertures are formed through the backing plate and turned flange to direct and focus cooling flow onto the side wall of the nozzle segment.

Burdgick, Steven Sebastian (Schenectady, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Short communication Backbone conformation study of a side chain polyacrylate through  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by Small Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS) in the isotropic, nematic, smectic A and re-entrant nematic phases of mesogenic side- chain polymethacrylate [7] and polyacrylate [8] by Small Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS

Boyer, Edmond

192

A Technology-Based Comparison between Two-Sided and Back-Contact Silicon Solar Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A modeling comparison between Two-Side Contacted and Back-Contact cells is made to determine which cell structure offers the best performance potential for concentrated light. The comparison includes both low-...

Andrés Cuevas F.; Ronald A. Sinton…

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Why Joint Implementation Can Boost Demand Side Management in Developing Countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this chapter Joint Implementation will be discussed from a business perspective. In particular, the focus will be on the potential role JI can play in further developing Demand Side Management (DSM) in develop...

Wim Wilms

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

A Foundation of Demand-Side Resource Management in Distributed Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The theoretical problems of demand-side management are examined in without regard to the type of resource whose demand is to be managed, and the Maximum Demand problem is identified and addressed in a ... resourc...

Shrisha Rao

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Employee Retention and Integrated Disability Management Practices as Demand Side Factors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Introduction Demand-side employment research on company policies and practices related to retention and absence and disability management (ADM) can contribute to our understanding...Aim To examin...

Rochelle Habeck; Allan Hunt; Colleen Head Rachel…

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Demand Side Management by controlling refrigerators and its effects on consumers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Demand Side Management in power grids has become more and more important in recent years. Continuously growing energy demand both increases the need for distributed generation from renewable energy sources and brings out the topic of Demand Side Management. One of the major application areas of Demand Side Management in smart grids is cooling systems. In this paper, Demand Side Management with control of a refrigerator and its economic effects on consumers are analyzed. With a refrigerator model based on real measurements, several cooling schedules are simulated and annual energy fees for different pricing methods in use in Turkey are calculated and discussed. The results revealed that, 37.9% of refrigerator’s demand in peak period can be shifted to other periods and annual electricity bills for customers can be reduced by 11.4%.

M. Alparslan Zehir; Mustafa Bagriyanik

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Cost-Efficiency in Water Management Through Demand Side Management and Integrated Planning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the context of regional planning for efficient management of water and wastewater, it is crucial ... situation. This consists of measures for water demand side management, comparison of different scenarios of ...

Dr. Ing. Ralf Otterpohl

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Quality-functions for an uniform and comparable analysis of demand side management algorithms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Due to renewable energies, the feed-in to the power grid will fluctuate increasingly. As long as no highly efficient storage technology is found, the importance of demand side management (DSM) will grow. Differen...

Daniel Hölker; Daniel Brettschneider…

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Guidelines for Marketing Demand-Side Management in the Commercial Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For the past decade, electric and gas utilities throughout the nation, not just in hot and humid climates, have promoted energy efficiency through a variety of demand-side management (DSM) programs. In 1984, the Electric Power Research Institute...

George, S. S.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

The Impacts of Utility-Sponsored Demand-Side Management Programs on Industrial Electricity Consumers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the most pressing issues in electric utility regulation today is the extent to which demand-side management (DSM) programs should be promoted by utilities. DSM refers to energy-efficiency or conservation measures, such as insulation, more...

Rosenblum, J. I.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Analysis of side end pressurized bump type gas foil bearings: a model anchored to test data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

profound effect on the rotordynamic performance of GFBs. This dissertation presents the first study that devotes considerable attention to the effect of side end pressurization on delaying the onset rotor speed of subsynchronous motions. GFB performance...

Kim, Tae Ho

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

202

Analysis of side end pressurized bump type gas foil bearings: a model anchored to test data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

profound effect on the rotordynamic performance of GFBs. This dissertation presents the first study that devotes considerable attention to the effect of side end pressurization on delaying the onset rotor speed of subsynchronous motions. GFB performance...

Kim, Tae Ho

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

203

Performance Issues of Synchronisation in the MPI-2 One-Sided Communication API  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The efficient implementation of one-sided communication for cluster environments is a challenging task. Here, we present and discuss performance issues which are inherently created by the design of the MPI-2 API ...

Lars Schneidenbach; David Böhme…

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

The Acute Side Effects of Bright Light Therapy: A Placebo-Controlled Investigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Despite the emergence of numerous clinical and non-clinical applications of bright light therapy (LT) in recent decades, the prevalence and severity of LT side effects have not yet been fully explicated. A few adverse LT ...

Botanov, Yevgeny; Ilardi, Stephen S.

2013-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

205

Conjugate observations of the day-side reconnection electric eld: A GEM boundary layer campaign  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction Magnetic reconnection on the day-side magnetopause is the dominant mechanism by which solar wind energy is transferred to the Earth's magnetosphere, at least when the interplanetary magnetic ®eld (IMF

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

206

Integrating renewables economic dispatch with demand side management in micro-grids: a genetic algorithm-based approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Economic dispatch and demand side management are two of the most important tools for efficient energy management in the grid. It is a casual ... aiming to optimize economic dispatch have implications for demand side

Ahmer Arif; Fahad Javed; Naveed Arshad

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Electricity Demand-Side Management for an Energy Efficient Future in China: Technology Options and Policy Priorities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electricity Demand-Side Management for an Energy Efficient Future in China: Technology Options sensitive impacts on electricity demand growth by different demand-side management (DSM) scenarios countries. The research showed that demand side management strategies could result in significant reduction

de Weck, Olivier L.

208

Hydrogen Bond Switching among Flavin and Amino Acid Side Chains in the BLUF Photoreceptor Observed by Ultrafast Infrared Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen Bond Switching among Flavin and Amino Acid Side Chains in the BLUF Photoreceptor Observed hydrogen-bond network with nearby amino acid side chains, including a highly conserved tyrosine and glutamine. The participation of particular amino acid side chains in the ultrafast hydrogen-bond switching

van Stokkum, Ivo

209

Analyses of cracks in thick stiffened plates repaired with single-sided composite patch  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study investigated the effect of composite patches applied to thick stiffened plates with single-sided repairs. A simplified analytical model was derived to predict the reduction in the mode I strain energy release rates resulting from the single-sided composite patches. Finite element analyses were also conducted to compute the mode I strain energy release rates with and without composite patches, and their results were compared to the analytical model prediction. Furthermore, changes in the location of the neural axis with single-side patches were examined with their effects on the effectiveness of the patch repair with variations in both material and geometric parameters of the patch and plate. The neutral axis location in the patched plate played an important role to influence the effectiveness of the composite patch.

Y.W. Kwon; B.L. Hall

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

The Demand Side: Behavioral Patterns and Unpicked Low-Hanging Fruit  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

The Demand Side: Behavioral Patterns and The Demand Side: Behavioral Patterns and Unpicked Low-Hanging Fruit James Sweeney Stanford University Director Precourt Energy Efficiency Center (Née: Precourt Institute for Energy Efficiency) Professor, Management Science and Engineering 6 Source: McKinsey & Co. Increased commercial space Gasoline Price Controls Compact Fluorescent Penetration LED: Traffic Lights, Task Lighting Appliance Energy Labeling Gasoline Rationing Much Incandescent Lighting Congestion Pricing Personal Computer Penetration Optimized Building Construction Overly Strict Building Standards Pigouvian Energy Tax Reduced Cost Decreased Energy Use "Smart" Regional Land Development Reformed Fuel Efficiency Standards Some Rail Rapid Transit Systems Efficient AC-DC Converters Halt SUV

211

Resource–Task Network Formulations for Industrial Demand Side Management of a Steel Plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the industrial demand side management (iDSM) or demand response (DR) grid-consumer interface, the electricity provider gives economic incentives to the industry to alter their electricity usage behavior and there are generally two approaches:• ... It can be used as an important tool for industrial demand side management or demand response, a concept in which the plant adapts its operational behavior by changing the timing of electricity usage from on-peak to off-peak hours for the collective benefit of society. ...

Pedro M. Castro; Lige Sun; Iiro Harjunkoski

2013-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

212

Disorder-induced transparency in a one-dimensional waveguide side coupled with optical cavities  

SciTech Connect

Disorder influence on photon transmission behavior is theoretically studied in a one-dimensional waveguide side coupled with a series of optical cavities. For this sake, we propose a concept of disorder-induced transparency appearing on the low-transmission spectral background. Two kinds of disorders, namely, disorders of optical cavity eigenfrequencies and relative phases in the waveguide side coupled with optical cavities are considered to show the disorder-induced transparency. They both can induce the optical transmission peaks on the low-transmission backgrounds. The statistical mean value of the transmission also increases with increasing the disorders of the cavity eigenfrequencies and relative phases.

Zhang, Yongyou, E-mail: yyzhang@bit.edu.cn; Dong, Guangda; Zou, Bingsuo [Beijing Key Lab of Nanophotonics and Ultrafine Optoelectronic Systems and School of Physics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081 (China)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

213

A 1.5-approximation Algorithm For Two-Sided Scaffold Filling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

up the whole genomes by filling those missing genes into the scaffolds to optimize a similarity measure of genomes. A typical and frequently used measure for the similarity of two genomes is the number of common adjacencies. One- sided scaffold filling is given by a scaffold and a whole genome, and asks

Zhu, Binhai

214

R and D opportunities in gas-side fouling. Executive summary  

SciTech Connect

This report provides an overview of five research reports that were generated for the Fouling and Corrosion Program. In addition, a listing of research and development opportunities in gas-side fouling is provided. R and D opportunities are designated as technology transfer, basic research, or applied research opportunities.

Garrett-Price, B.A.; Moore, N.L.; Fassbender, L.L.

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Maximizing Energy Savings Reliability in BC Hydro Industrial Demand-side Management Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

saving potential, and (5) a lack of organizational awareness of an operation's energy efficiency over efficiency requirements and pursuing demand-side management (DSM) incentive programs in the large industrial to investment in energy efficiency, and (2) requiring that incentive payments be dependent on measured energy

Victoria, University of

216

CONTROL FOR INTEGRATED SIDE-SLIP, ROLL AND YAW CONTROLS FOR GROUND VEHICLES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(force away from saturation). This system has two outputs (yaw rate and lateral velocity) and two inputs al. 1992, Inegaki et al. 1994, Matsumoto et al. 1992). VDC systems directly controls yaw momentCONTROL FOR INTEGRATED SIDE-SLIP, ROLL AND YAW CONTROLS FOR GROUND VEHICLES Kazuya KitajimaI Huei

Peng, Huei

217

"Dark Web: Exploring and Min-ing the Dark Side of the Web"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Title: "Dark Web: Exploring and Min- ing the Dark Side of the Web" Speaker: Director, Prof will review the emerging research in Terrorism Informatics based on a web mining perspective. Recent progress in the internationally re- nowned Dark Web project will be reviewed, including: deep/dark web spider- ing (web sites

Michelsen, Claus

218

Autonomous Demand Side Management Based on Game-Theoretic Energy Consumption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Autonomous Demand Side Management Based on Game-Theoretic Energy Consumption Scheduling consumption scheduling game, where the players are the users and their strategies are the daily schedules is achieved at the Nash equilibrium of the formulated energy consumption scheduling game. The proposed

Mohsenian-Rad, Hamed

219

The Other Side of Cognitive Control: Can a Lack of Cognitive Control Benefit Language and Cognition?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Other Side of Cognitive Control: Can a Lack of Cognitive Control Benefit Language and Cognition Cognitive control refers to the regulation of mental activity to support flexible cognition across different domains. Cragg and Nation (2010) propose that the development of cognitive control in children parallels

Thompson-Schill, Sharon

220

Taking Sides. Marriage Networks and Dravidian Kinship in Lowland South America  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Taking Sides. Marriage Networks and Dravidian Kinship in Lowland South America Michael Houseman alliance structures. We explore this idea with reference to lowland South America where dual organization 1981), and on the other hand, on Hornborg's (1988) comparative study of 48 lowland South American

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Taking Sides. Marriage Networks and Dravidian Kinship in Lowland South America  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Taking Sides. Marriage Networks and Dravidian Kinship in Lowland South America Michael Houseman alliance structures. An appropriate place to explore this idea is lowland South America, where dual for their helpful comments. #12;2 In lowland South America, where such two-line terminologies abound

White, Douglas R.

222

Demand Side Management for Wind Power Integration in Microgrid Using Dynamic Potential Game Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Demand Side Management for Wind Power Integration in Microgrid Using Dynamic Potential Game Theory the intermittency in wind power generation. Our focus is on an isolated microgrid with one wind turbine, one fast, Wind Power Integration, Markov Chain, Dynamic Potential Game Theory, Nash Equilibrium. I. INTRODUCTION

Huang, Jianwei

223

Abstract--Implementation of Distribution Automation (DA) and Demand Side Management (DSM) intended to serve both  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract--Implementation of Distribution Automation (DA) and Demand Side Management (DSM) intended, requires a wide-area two-way communication system. DA and DSM devices (customer meters, switches, etc for both DA/DSM applications can be met. And a scheduling policy is proposed to provide the applications

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

224

Evaluating information in zero-sum games with incomplete information on both sides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Evaluating information in zero-sum games with incomplete information on both sides Ehud Lehrer where each player receives a partial information about his own type and no information about that evaluate the value of information share only one property across all games: monotonicity. That is

Lehrer, Ehud

225

Development of Low Noise, BackSide Illuminated Silicon Photodiode Arrays 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Development of Low Noise, Back­Side Illuminated Silicon Photodiode Arrays 1 S.E. Holland Member photodiode arrays for use with positron­emission tomography (PET). A fabrication process developed for high) results in ? 70% quantum efficiency over the wavelength range of 400--1000 nm. The photodiodes

226

The ProxyGator Server-side Wireless Toolkit Dushiant Kochhar and Abdelsalam (Sumi) Helal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ProxyGator ­ Server-side Wireless Toolkit Dushiant Kochhar and Abdelsalam (Sumi) Helal Computer significantly. To reduce the development time, we are introducing the ProxyGator toolkit. It is a server infrastructure is built within Visual C++ 6.0 IDE. We present the ProxyGator Toolkit and give an analysis to show

Helal, Abdelsalam

227

Thermo-mechanical simulations in double-sided heat transfer power assemblies.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermo-mechanical simulations in double-sided heat transfer power assemblies. E. Woirgard; I. Favre In power assemblies, heat transfer due to the die self- heating is one of the most important point on time life assemblies. Heat has to be evacuated toward the base- plate not to weaken the solder joint under

Boyer, Edmond

228

*See reverse side for all notes College of Engineering and Computer Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

*See reverse side for all notes College of Engineering and Computer Science Bioengineering NAME Chemistry 1 CHE 1550 3 CHE107 General Chemistry Lab 1 CHE 1550 1 CHE116 General Chemistry 2 CHE 1560 3 CHE117 General Chemistry Lab 2 CHE 1560 1 CHE275 Organic Chemistry 1 CHE 2530 3 CHE276 Organic Chemistry

Mather, Patrick T.

229

See reverse side for all notes College of Engineering & Computer Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physical Chemistry (3) ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING (35) D=12 CIE272 Civil & Envir. Engr Measurements 3 CIE274See reverse side for all notes College of Engineering & Computer Science Environmental Engineering Chemistry 1 CHEM 1211 3 CHE107 General Chemistry Lab 1 CHEM 1211L 1 CHE116 General Chemistry 2 CHEM 1212 3

Mather, Patrick T.

230

*See reverse side for all notes College of Engineering and Computer Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

*See reverse side for all notes College of Engineering and Computer Science Bioengineering NAME Chemistry 1 CH 141 3 CHE107 General Chemistry Lab 1 CH 141 1 CHE116 General Chemistry 2 CH 142 3 CHE117 General Chemistry Lab 2 CH 142 1 CHE275 Organic Chemistry 1 CH 247 3 CHE276 Organic Chemistry Lab 1 CH 247

Mather, Patrick T.

231

See reverse side for all notes College of Engineering & Computer Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physical Chemistry (3) ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING (35) D=12 CIE272 Civil & Envir. Engr Measurements 3 CIE274See reverse side for all notes College of Engineering & Computer Science Environmental Engineering Chemistry 1 CHEM 110 3 CHE107 General Chemistry Lab 1 CHEM 110 1 CHE116 General Chemistry 2 CHEM 111 3 CHE

Mather, Patrick T.

232

See reverse side for all notes College of Engineering & Computer Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

251 Thermodynamics (4) OR CHE346 Physical Chemistry (3) ENGR 2200 ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING (35) D=12See reverse side for all notes College of Engineering & Computer Science Environmental Engineering Chemistry 1 CHEM 1510 3 CHE107 General Chemistry Lab 1 CHEM 1510 1 CHE116 General Chemistry 2 CHEM 1520 3

Mather, Patrick T.

233

See reverse side for all notes College of Engineering & Computer Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermodynamics (4) CHE346 Physical Chemistry (3) ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING (35) D=12 CIE272 Civil & Envir. EngrSee reverse side for all notes College of Engineering & Computer Science Environmental Engineering. Equations & Matrix Algebra (3)____ 3 SCIENCES (20) CHE106 General Chemistry I (3)____ 3 CHE107 General

Mather, Patrick T.

234

See reverse side for all notes College of Engineering & Computer Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) MAE251 Thermodynamics (4) CHE346 Physical Chemistry (3) ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING (35) D=12 CIE272See reverse side for all notes College of Engineering & Computer Science Environmental Engineering. Equations & Matrix Algebra *MA 260 3 SCIENCES (20) CHE106 General Chemistry 1 CH 141 3 CHE107 General

Mather, Patrick T.

235

See reverse side for all notes College of Engineering & Computer Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(3 or 4) EE204 MAE251 Thermodynamics (4) CHE346 Physical Chemistry (3) ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING (35See reverse side for all notes College of Engineering & Computer Science Environmental Engineering 3 MA443 4 MAT485 Diff. Equations & Matrix Algebra MA451 3 SCIENCES (20) CHE106 General Chemistry 1

Mather, Patrick T.

236

*See reverse side for all notes College of Engineering and Computer Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

*See reverse side for all notes College of Engineering and Computer Science Bioengineering NAME Chemistry 1 CHE 103 3 CHE107 General Chemistry Lab 1 CHE 103 1 CHE116 General Chemistry 2 CHE 104 3 CHE117 General Chemistry Lab 2 CHE 104 1 CHE275 Organic Chemistry 1 3 CHE276 Organic Chemistry Lab 1 2 PHY211

Mather, Patrick T.

237

A free plate surface and weak oceanic crust produce single-sided subduction on Earth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A free plate surface and weak oceanic crust produce single-sided subduction on Earth F. Crameri,1 P features of terrestrial plates: (1) the presence of a free deformable upper surface and (2) the presence of weak hydrated crust atop subducting slabs. We show that assuming a free surface, rather than

Kaus, Boris

238

Wire-Tap Codes as Side-Channel Countermeasure an FPGA-based experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

designs to actualize a full AES- 128 encryption engine of the scheme, we provide practical side features of the scheme ­ with respect to its area and power overhead its advantages are very marginal]). Along the same line different masking approaches like additive [6], multiplicative [1], and affine [9

239

Considering Side Effects in Service Interactions in Home Automation -an Online Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Considering Side Effects in Service Interactions in Home Automation - an Online Approach Michael, such as E-mail [4] and web-services [5], and more recently, within home automation [6­9]. #12;1.1 Service. FK9 4LA {mko,ehm}@cs.stir.ac.uk Abstract. The feature or service interaction problem within home net

Magill, Evan H.

240

A New Empirical Model for Predicting Single-Sided, Wind-Driven Natural Ventilation in Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ventilation rate due to the pulsating flow and eddy penetration of single-sided, wind-driven natural Normal to the opening q Fluctuating flow rate e Eddy penetration Wang, H. and Chen, Q. 2012. "A new buildings. A new empirical model was developed that can predict the mean ventilation rate and fluctuating

Chen, Qingyan "Yan"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Report: Impacts of Demand-Side Resources on Electric Transmission Planning  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Demand for new transmission can be driven by different factors, including connection of new generation, reliability, economics, environmental policy compliance and replacement of retiring infrastructure. This report assesses the relationship between high levels of demand-side resources (including end-use efficiency, demand response, and distributed generation) and investment in new transmission or utilization of existing transmission.

242

DEMAND SIDE ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND CONSERVATION PROGRAM Measurement and Verification Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DEMAND SIDE ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND CONSERVATION PROGRAM Measurement and Verification Program 4. Operating hours per room usage category ii. Pre-retrofit energy measurements for sampled fixtures iii. Post-retrofit energy measurements for sampled fixtures iv. Summary savings report b. For each of the items above, the M

Hofmann, Hans A.

243

DEMAND SIDE ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND CONSERVATION PROGRAM Measurement and Verification Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DEMAND SIDE ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND CONSERVATION PROGRAM Measurement and Verification Program 4) - Measure toilet and urinal flush volumes a. Units: gallon per flush (gpf) b. Measured by flushing fixture) - Measure faucet and showerhead flow rates a. Units: gallons per minute (gpm) b. Measured using a micro weir

Hofmann, Hans A.

244

Marketability and Feasibility of Chair-Side Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometer for Dental Application  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the likelihood of dentists using the product aforementioned, cost structures of production and marketing, and keyMarketability and Feasibility of Chair-Side Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometer for Dental metabolite signals when compared to caries-free sites. These signal profiles were determined using Gas

Zhou, Yaoqi

245

The influence of side reactions on the performance of electrochemical double-layer capacitors  

SciTech Connect

A constant-concentration, constant-capacitance, macrohomogeneous porous-electrode model is used to investigate the effects of side reactions on the charging and cycling of electrochemical double-layer capacitors. A porous carbon capacitor with sulfuric acid electrolyte is a typical system, and corresponding physical properties are used to illustrate the effects. Oxygen and hydrogen evolution are considered the dominant side reactions, and a Tafel form for the kinetic expressions is assumed. It is shown that keeping the cell potential within the thermodynamic stability window of the solvent does not guarantee negligible losses, even if the kinetics are not particularly facile. Losses are substantial at early cycles and decrease to a constant value at later cycles; this value can be significant. The dependences of coulombic and energy losses on the maximum cell potential, electrode thickness, and discharge rate are discussed. In a poorly designed cell, the energy lost to side reactions can be as large or larger than the ohmic loss; hence consideration of side reactions is essential for good design. Electrochemical double-layer capacitors are of interest as moderate energy and power density devices that may find application as peak-power sources for electric vehicles.

Pillay, B.; Newman, J. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Energy and Environment Div.]|[Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

CW-Pumped Evanescent Amplification Based on Side-Polished Fiber with Heavily Er3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CW-Pumped Evanescent Amplification Based on Side-Polished Fiber with Heavily Er3þ -Doped Glass) A novel diffractive-pumping scheme is proposed to improve the evanescent amplification using blazed fiber grating for the first time. We also investigate the cw-pumped evanescent amplification at 1.55 mm

Shy,Jow-Tsong

247

Demand-Side Load Scheduling Incentivized by Dynamic Energy Hadi Goudarzi, Safar Hatami, and Massoud Pedram  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Demand-Side Load Scheduling Incentivized by Dynamic Energy Prices Hadi Goudarzi, Safar Hatami growth in electrical energy consumption under worst- case demand conditions [1]. To avoid expending 90089 {hgoudarz, shatami, pedram}@usc.edu Abstract--Demand response is an important part of the smart

Pedram, Massoud

248

The effect of side-restraint bearings on the performance of base-isolated buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 The effect of side-restraint bearings on the performance of base- isolated buildings J P Talbot * Corresponding author. Email: jpt1000@eng.cam.ac.uk Abstract: Base-isolation of buildings is a common solution vibration isolation bearings between a building and its foundation, aligned in the vertical direction so

Talbot, James P.

249

Apparatus and methods for impingement cooling of an undercut region adjacent a side wall of a turbine nozzle segment  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gas turbine nozzle segment has outer and inner bands. Each band includes a side wall, a cover and an impingement plate between the cover and nozzle wall defining two cavities on opposite sides of the impingement plate. Cooling steam is supplied to one cavity for flow through apertures of the impingement plate to cool the nozzle wall. The side wall of the band and inturned flange define with the nozzle wall an undercut region. The inturned flange has a plurality of apertures for directing cooling steam to cool the side wall between adjacent nozzle segments.

Burdgick, Steven Sebastian (Schenectady, NY); Itzel, Gary Michael (Simpsonville, SC)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

A Simulation Platform to Demonstrate Active Demand-Side Management by Incorporating Heuristic Optimization for Home Energy Management.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Demand-Side Management (DSM) can be defined as the implementation of policies and measures to control, regulate, and reduce energy consumption. This document introduces home energy… (more)

Gudi, Nikhil

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Mobility and Carbon: The Blind Side of Transport Fuel Demand in the  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mobility and Carbon: The Blind Side of Transport Fuel Demand in the Mobility and Carbon: The Blind Side of Transport Fuel Demand in the Developed and Developing World Speaker(s): Lee Schipper Date: February 15, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Anita Estner James McMahon A new "Great Wall" has emerged in China, this one a string of miles of cars stuck in traffic. Emissions from road transport in developing countries are expected to rise sharply in the coming decades if current trends continue. Projections of passenger and freight activity, vehicle use, and CO2 emissions push up overall CO2 emissions by a factor of three in Latin American and five in Asia by 2030, even with fuel economy improvements. The increase in car use is in part a result of growing incomes and economic activity, but it also reflects the poor quality of transit and

252

Front contact solar cell with formed electrically conducting layers on the front side and backside  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A bipolar solar cell includes a backside junction formed by a silicon substrate and a first doped layer of a first dopant type on the backside of the solar cell. A second doped layer of a second dopant type makes an electrical connection to the substrate from the front side of the solar cell. A first metal contact of a first electrical polarity electrically connects to the first doped layer on the backside of the solar cell, and a second metal contact of a second electrical polarity electrically connects to the second doped layer on the front side of the solar cell. An external electrical circuit may be electrically connected to the first and second metal contacts to be powered by the solar cell.

Cousins, Peter John

2012-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

253

Municipal demand-side policy tools and the strategic management of technology life cycles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This research is particularly concerned with public policy instruments which may help to accelerate the development and diffusion of sustainable innovations and support local economic development. While sustainable technology sectors are in high demand, firms still face significant barriers in developing and diffusing their technologies in regions throughout the world (Hoff, 2012). This area has been less explored in the extant research yet recent experiences suggest that supply side tools may not always have positive benefits for supporting clean technology evolution, or for taxpayers. Leveraging innovation policy and technology life cycle literature, we develop a model of demand-side policy instruments which could be applied at different stages of the technology s-curve in order to accelerate the adoption of sustainable technologies. Implications for managers, public policy actors and researchers are considered.

Boyd Cohen; Jose Ernesto Amorós

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

ACCURATE ESTIMATION OF TARGET AMOUNTS USING EXPANDED BASS MODEL FOR DEMAND?SIDE MANAGEMENT  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The electricity demand in Korea has rapidly increased along with a steady economic growth since 1970s. Therefore Korea has positively propelled not only SSM (Supply?Side Management) but also DSM (Demand?Side Management) activities to reduce investment cost of generating units and to save supply costs of electricity through the enhancement of whole national energy utilization efficiency. However study for rebate which have influence on success or failure on DSM program is not sufficient. This paper executed to modeling mathematically expanded Bass model considering rebates which have influence on penetration amounts for DSM program. To reflect rebate effect more preciously the pricing function using in expanded Bass model directly reflects response of potential participants for rebate level.

Hyun?Woong Kim; Jong?Jin Park; Jin?O. Kim

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Novel light trapping scheme for thin crystalline cells utilizing deep structures on both wafer sides  

SciTech Connect

A new light trapping structure is presented with trapping capabilities comparable to or better than those of the perpendicular grooves structure. The new structure traps a larger fraction of rays for 8--80 passes than the perpendicular grooves structure. The average path length enhancement is about 62 times the average thickness. The structure consists of deep ({approximately}200 {micro}m) inverted pyramids on the front side and deep ({approximately}200 {micro}m) truncated pyramids with eight sides on the back. The structure is realized in crystalline silicon by wet chemical etching using potassium hydroxide (KOH) and isopropanol (IPA). A process for creating thin solar cells with this light trapping scheme is described. The process includes only two main photolithographic steps and features a self aligned front metallization. The process uses 250 {micro}m wafers to create cells that on average are about 70 {micro}m thick.

Jorgensen, A.M.; Clausen, T.; Leistiko, O. [Technical Univ. of Denmark, Lyngby (Denmark). Microelectronics Centre

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

256

HG ADSORBER (ITEM 7) ATTACHED TO SIDE WALL OF CONTAINMENT BOX  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 NOTE: HG ADSORBER (ITEM 7) ATTACHED TO SIDE WALL OF CONTAINMENT BOX WITH SS STRAPS. FLEX TUBING CONNECTS ADSORBER TO SUMP TANK CHKVALVE AND LID-MOUNTED FILTER 5 3 2 7 4 6 1 --- PRIMARY CONTAINMENT ASSY SHCS - 5/8-11 x 1.00 N/A 6 1 hg adsorber hjt --- KOBY HG ADSORBER, MF-2JKCB, PROVIDED BY PRINCETON N

McDonald, Kirk

257

Network-friendly one-sided communication through multinode cooperation on petascale cray xt5 systems  

SciTech Connect

ne-sided communication is important to enable asynchronous communication and data movement for Global Address Space (GAS) programming models. Such communication is typically realized through direct messages between initiator and target processes. For petascale systems with 10,000s of nodes and 100,000s of cores, these direct messages require dedicated communication buffers and/or channels, which can lead to significant scalability challenges for GAS programming models. In this paper, we describe a network-friendly communication model, multinode cooperation, to enable indirect one-sided communication. Compute nodes work together to handle one-sided requests through (1) request forwarding in which one node can intercept a request and forward it to a target node, and (2) request aggregation in which one node can aggregate many requests to a target node. We have implemented multinode cooperation for a popular GAS runtime library, Aggregate Remote Memory Copy Interface (ARMCI). Our experimental results on a large-scale Cray XT5 system demonstrate that, multinode cooperation is able to greatly increase the memory scalability by reducing the number of communication buffers. In addition, multinode cooperation improves the resiliency of GAS runtime system to network contention. Furthermore, multinode cooperation can benefit the performance of scientific applications. In one case, it reduces the total execution time of an NWChem application by 52%.

Tipparaju, Vinod [ORNL; Que, Xinyu [ORNL; Yu, Weikuan [ORNL; Vetter, Jeffrey S [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Network-friendly one-sided communication through multinode cooperation on petascale cray xt5 systems  

SciTech Connect

ne-sided communication is important to enable asynchronous communication and data movement for Global Address Space (GAS) programming models. Such communication is typically realized through direct messages between initiator and target processes. For petascale systems with 10,000s of nodes and 100,000s of cores, these direct messages require dedicated communication buffers and/or channels, which can lead to significant scalability challenges for GAS programming models. In this paper, we describe a network-friendly communication model, multinode cooperation, to enable indirect one-sided communication. Compute nodes work together to handle one-sided requests through (1) request forwarding in which one node can intercept a request and forward it to a target node, and (2) request aggregation in which one node can aggregate many requests to a target node. We have implemented multinode cooperation for a popular GAS runtime library, Aggregate Remote Memory Copy Interface (ARMCI). Our experimental results on a large-scale Cray XT5 system demonstrate that, multinode cooperation is able to greatly increase the memory scalability by reducing the number of communication buffers. In addition, multinode cooperation improves the resiliency of GAS runtime system to network contention. Furthermore, multinode cooperation can benefit the performance of scientific applications. In one case, it reduces the total execution time of an NWChem application by 52%.

Tipparaju, Vinod [ORNL; Que, Xinyu [ORNL; Yu, Weikuan [ORNL; Vetter, Jeffrey S [ORNL

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

A review of demand-side management policy in the UK  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Demand-side management (DSM) refers to actions undertaken on the demand side of energy metres. A broad definition of DSM is proposed to include current policy objectives for emissions reduction, energy security and affordability, and encompasses energy efficiency, demand response, and on-site back-up generation and storage. The paper reviews the concept of DSM, outlines the historical impacts of DSM globally since the energy crises of the 1970s, analyses UK DSM policy, and examines the influence of EU Directives on UK DSM policy, as the country is currently deciding on how to include the demand-side in its Electricity Market Reform proposals and wider energy policy. Much of the focus of previous research has been on DSM technological trials and modelling studies rather than DSM policy and the paper contributes to filling this gap. Policy recommendations for the UK context are discussed, and it is clear that the success of DSM policies is determined primarily by regulatory support and utility financial incentives. It is important that policy clarity is provided and that current and new policies do not overlap.

Peter Warren

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Cooperativity in Protein Folding: From Lattice Models with Side Chains to Real Proteins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider equilibrium folding transitions in lattice protein models with and without side chains. A dimensionless measure, $Omega_{c}$, is introduced to quantitatively assess the degree of cooperativity in lattice models and in real proteins. We show that larger values of $\\Omega_{c}$ resembling those seen in proteins are obtained in lattice models with side chains (LMSC). The enhanced cooperativity in LMSC is due to the possibility of denser packing of side chains in the interior of the model protein. We also establish that $\\Omega_{c}$ correlates extremely well with (\\sigma = (T_{\\theta} -T_{f} )/T_{\\theta}), where (T_{\\theta}) and (T_{f}) are collapse and folding transition temperatures, respectively. These theoretical ideas are used to analyze folding transitions in various real proteins. The values of $\\Omega _{c}$ extracted from experiments show a correlation with $\\sigma $. We conclude that the degree of cooperativity can be expressed in terms of the single parameter $\\sigma $, which can be estimated from experimental data.

D. K. Klimov; D. Thirumalai

1998-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Capabilities of Ultrasonic Techniques for Far-Side Examinations of Austenitic Stainless Steel Piping Welds.  

SciTech Connect

A study was conducted to assess the ability of advanced ultrasonic techniques to detect and accurately length-size flaws from the far-side of wrought austenitic piping welds. Far-side inspections of nuclear system piping welds are currently performed on a “best effort” basis and do not conform to ASME Code Section XI Appendix VIII performance demonstration requirements. For this study, austenitic stainless steel specimens with flaws located on the far-side of full penetration structural welds were used. The welds were fabricated with varied welding parameters to simulate as-built conditions in the components, and were examined with phased array technology at 2.0 MHz, and low-frequency/Synthetic Aperture Focusing Technique (SAFT) methods in the 250-400 kHz regime. These results were compared to conventional ultrasonic techniques as a baseline. The examinations showed that both phased-array and low-frequency/SAFT were able to reliably detect and length-size, but not depth size, notches and implanted fatigue cracks through the welds.

Anderson, Michael T.; Diaz, Aaron A.; Cumblidge, Stephen E.; Doctor, Steven R.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Linking meters and markets: Roles and incentives to support a flexible demand side  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Present trends in the development of electricity systems are expected to generate a growing need for flexibility in decentralised resources, including demand response. In order to enable decentralised actors to create value, the organisation of markets and incentives should incorporate these new participants. The roll-out of smart metering to electricity consumers is an important precondition to establishing a flexible demand side and will provide essential information flows. On the basis of current incentive structures and related risks, however, the pass-through of information and value from wholesale market participants to the demand side is mostly infeasible, resulting in flexibility tasks being aggregated and delegated to balancing responsible wholesale traders. This analysis focuses on whether current incentives and roles are appropriate and where the design could be improved to establish a flexible demand side with a particular focus on the Danish case. Design-related barriers are identified that affect expected value, associated risks, and the distribution of responsibilities. This serves as a basis to define policy options in the context of Nordic electricity markets.

Jonas Katz

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Convective heat transfer on leeward building walls in an urban environment: Measurements in an outdoor scale model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

layer wind speed (height 2H) and the vertical velocity nearthe horizontal wind speed at 2H and the average verticalvertical error bars indicate the magnitude of the UC wind speed

Nottrott, A.; Onomura, S.; Inagaki, A.; Kanda, M.; Kleissl, J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Convective heat transfer on leeward building walls in an urban environment: Measurements in an outdoor scale model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

surface, Proc. 5 th Int. Heat Transfer Conf. 3 (1974) 129-a vertical plate, J. Heat Transfer 109(1) [13] K. Patel,Experimental study of heat transfer in turbulent flows over

Nottrott, A.; Onomura, S.; Inagaki, A.; Kanda, M.; Kleissl, J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Journal o[WindEngineering and IndustrialAerodynamics,36 (1990)589-599 589 Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam --Printed in The Netherlands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by the distortion of the wind field, the flow separation, the vortex formation, and wake development. The pressure is the approach wind field complex, but the vortical flow patterns generated around a structure are complicated findings. The fluctuating pressure field on the side and leeward faces is greatly influenced by the wake

Kareem, Ahsan

266

Diode-bar side-pumping of double-clad fibers.  

SciTech Connect

We demonstrate direct diode-bar side pumping of a Yb-doped fiber laser using embedded-mirror side pumping (EMSP). In this method, the pump beam is launched by reflection from a micro-mirror embedded in a channel polished into the inner cladding of a double-clad fiber (DCF). The amplifier employed an unformatted, non-lensed, ten-emitter diode bar (20 W) and glass-clad, polarization-maintaining, large-mode-area fiber. Measurements with passive fiber showed that the coupling efficiency of the raw diode-bar output into the DCF (ten launch sites) was {approx}84%; for comparison, the net coupling efficiency using a conventional, formatted, fiber-coupled diode bar is typically 50-70%, i.e., EMSP results in a factor of 2-3 less wasted pump power. The slope efficiency of the side-pumped fiber laser was {approx}80% with respect to launched pump power and 24% with respect to electrical power consumption of the diode bar; at a fiber-laser output power of 7.5 W, the EMSP diode bar consumed 41 W of electrical power (18% electrical-to-optical efficiency). When end pumped using a formatted diode bar, the fiber laser consumed 96 W at 7.5 W output power, a factor of 2.3 less efficient, and the electrical-to-optical slope efficiency was lower by a factor of 2.0. Passive-fiber measurements showed that the EMSP alignment sensitivity is nearly identical for a single emitter as for the ten-emitter bar. EMSP is the only method capable of directly launching the unformatted output of a diode bar directly into DCF (including glass-clad DCF), enabling fabrication of low-cost, simple, and compact, diode-bar-pumped fiber lasers and amplifiers.

Koplow, Jeffrey P.; Kliner, Dahv A.V.; Moore, Sean W. (Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC)

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Utility rebates for efficient motors -- The outlook for demand-side management  

SciTech Connect

Since 1987, many electric utilities throughout North America have been actively promoting DSM--demand-side management, the attempt to conserve fuels and postpone costly generating capacity increases by encouraging customers to use more efficient electrical equipment, including motors. One popular DSM program has been utility payment of cash rebates to purchasers of more efficient motors. Today, such payments face extinction in a rapidly changing utility economic climate based on deregulation. How rebates originated, the basis for such payments, how successful rebate programs have been, and what the future holds for them--these are the subjects of this paper.

Nailen, R.L. [Wisconsin Electric Power Co., Milwaukee, WI (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

268

Utility rebates for efficient motors -- The outlook for demand-side management  

SciTech Connect

Since 1987, many electric utilities throughout North America have been actively promoting demand-side management (DSM), the attempt to conserve fuels and postpone costly generating capacity increases by encouraging customers to use more efficient electrical equipment, including motors. One popular DSM program has been utility payment of cash rebates to purchasers of more efficient motors. Today, such payments face extinction in a rapidly changing utility economic climate based on deregulation. How rebates originated, the basis for such payments, how successful rebate programs have been, and what the future holds for them are the subjects of this paper.

Nailen, R.L. [Wisconsin Electric Power Co., Milwaukee, WI (United States)] [Wisconsin Electric Power Co., Milwaukee, WI (United States)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Effect of Side Permanent Magnets for Reluctance Interior Permanent Magnet Reluctance Machines  

SciTech Connect

A traditional electric machine uses two dimensional magnetic flux paths in its rotor. This paper presents the development work on the utilization of the third dimension of a rotor. As an example, the air gap flux of a radial gap interior permanent magnet motor can be significantly enhanced by additional permanent magnets (PM) mounted at the sides of the rotor. A prototype motor built with this concept provided higher efficiency and required a shorter stator core length for the same power output as the Toyota/Prius traction drive motor.

Hsu, John S [ORNL; Lee, Seong T [ORNL; Wiles, Randy H [ORNL; Coomer, Chester [ORNL; Lowe, Kirk T [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Nodalization study of the Westinghouse Model E steam generator secondary side  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. This relationship suggests a need to accurately predict the behavior of a steam generator on both the primary and secondary sides. A pressurized Hater zeactor (PWR) consists of three major components: 1) the primary system core, 2) the steam generators and, 3...: Base Case Liquid Level for Turbine Trip 35 lD CL e ~ EO W I? w + C4 L3 gl 20 40 60 TINE ( SECONDS ) BO LOO Figure 8: Base Case Primary Cold Leg Temperature for Turbine Trip capabilities decrease because of the reduction in two-phase heat...

Montgomery, Robert Orval

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

A new double sided linear switched reluctance motor with low cost  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the realization and design of a new linear switched reluctance motor (LSRM) structure. The new model has double sided configuration and provides high force for many applications with low cost. The characteristics of the LSRM are obtained by using finite element analysis (FEA) and analytical calculations. The results of the FEA and analytical calculations are presented, and compared with experimental results. A high correlation between experimental and analytical results is obtained, which has been demonstrated in the form of inductance versus position versus current.

Ferhat Daldaban; Nurettin Ustkoyuncu

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Side Magnetic Reconnections Induced by Coronal Mass Ejections: Observations and Simulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Over the last few years coronagraphic and spectroscopic observations have demonstrated that small-scale eruptions, such as "jets," "narrow coronal mass ejections (CMEs)," "mini CMEs," "streamer puffs," "streamer detachments," and others, occur ubiquitously on the Sun. Nevertheless, the origin of small-scale eruptive events and how these are interrelated with larger scale CMEs have been poorly investigated so far. In this work, we study a series of small-scale side eruptions that occurred during and after a large-scale CME. Observations show that a CME can be associated not only with a single reconnection process, leading to the large-scale phenomenon, but also with many other side reconnections occurring at different locations and times around the main flux rope, possibly induced by the CME expansion in the surrounding corona. White light and EUV observations of a slow CME acquired by the SOHO/LASCO and SOHO/UVCS instruments are analyzed here to characterize the locations of side reconnections induced by the CME. The magnetic reconnection rate M has been estimated from the UVCS data from the ratio between the inflows and outflows observed around the reconnection region, and from the LASCO data from the observed aperture angles between the slow mode shocks (SMSs) associated with the reconnection. It turns out that M 0.05 at the heliocentric distance of 1.8 R ?, while between ~2.5 and 5.5 R ?, M values progressively decrease with time/altitude from M ~ 1 down to M ~ 0.3. Such large values of M are theoretically acceptable only if flux pile-up reconnection is envisaged. The observed occurrence of multiple reconnections associated with a CME is verified by numerical simulations of an eruption occurring within multiple helmet streamers. The simulations confirm that small side reconnections are a consequence of CME expansion against the surrounding coronal streamers. The simulated and observed evolution of aperture angles between the SMSs are in good agreement as well. These results demonstrate the effect of the global coronal magnetic field in the occurrence of small-scale eruptions due to lateral reconnection in a preceding CME event.

A. Bemporad; A. Soenen; C. Jacobs; F. Landini; S. Poedts

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

CAUSTIC SIDE SOLVENT EXTRACTION AT THE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE OPERATING EXPERIENCE AND LESSONS LEARNED  

SciTech Connect

The Modular Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction Unit (MCU) is the first, production-scale Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction process for cesium separation to be constructed. The process utilizes an engineered solvent to remove cesium from waste alkaline salt solution resulting from nuclear processes. While the application of this solvent extraction process is unique, the process uses commercially available centrifugal contactors for the primary unit operation as well as other common methods of physical separation of immiscible liquids. The fission product, cesium-137, is the primary focus of the process due to the hazards associated with its decay. The cesium is extracted from the waste, concentrated, and stripped out of the solvent resulting in a low-level waste salt solution and a concentrated cesium nitrate stream. The concentrated cesium stream can be vitrified into borosilicate glass with almost no increase in glass volume, and the salt solution can be dispositioned as a low-level grout. The unit is deployed as an interim process to disposition waste prior to start-up of the Salt Waste Processing Facility. The Salt Waste Processing Facility utilizes the same cesium removal technology, but will treat more contaminated waste. The MCU is not only fulfilling a critical need, it is the first demonstration of the process at production-scale.

Brown, S.

2010-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

274

Integrated electricity and heating demand-side management for wind power integration in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The wind power generation system will play a crucial role for developing the energy conservative, environmentally friendly, and sustainable electric power system in China. However, the intermittency and unpredictability of wind power has been an obstacle to the deployment of wind power generation, especially in the winter of northern China. In northern China, a combined heat and power (CHP) unit has been widely utilized as a heat and electricity source. Considering the flexible operation of CHP with introduction of electric heat pumps (EHPs), this paper proposes a new method of electricity and heating demand side management to facilitate the wind power integration with the purpose of energy conservation in a unit-commitment problem. The thermal characteristics of demand side such as the thermal inertia of buildings and thermal comfort of end users are taken into consideration. Moreover the distributed electric heat pumps (EHPs) widely used by city dwellers are introduced into the wind-thermal power system as the heating source and spinning reserve so as to increase the flexibility of heating and electricity supply. The simulation results show that the new method can integrate more wind power into power grid for electricity and heating demand to reduce the coal consumption.

Yulong Yang; Kai Wu; Hongyu Long; Jianchao Gao; Xu Yan; Takeyoshi Kato; Yasuo Suzuoki

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Why industry demand-side management programs should be self-directed  

SciTech Connect

U.S. industry believes in DSM. But it does not believe in the way DSM is being implemented, with its emphasis on mandatory utility surcharge/rebate programs. Self-directed industrial DSM programs would be better for industry - and for utilities as well. Industrial demand-side management, as it is currently practiced, relies heavily on command-and-control-style programs. The authors believe that all parties would benefit if utilities and state public service commissions encouraged the implementation of [open quotes]self-directed[close quotes] industrial DSM programs as an alternative to these mandatory surcharge/rebate-type programs. Here the authors outline industrial experience with existing demand-side management programs, and offer alternative approaches for DSM in large manufacturing facilities. Self-directed industrial programs have numerous advantages over mandatory utility-funded and sponsored DSM programs. Self-directed programs allow an industrial facility to use its own funds to meet its own specific goals, whether they are set on the basis of demand reduction, energy use reduction, spending levels for DSM and environmental activities, or some combination of these or other readily measurable criteria. This flexibility fosters a higher level of cost effectiveness, a more focused and effective approach for optimizing energy usage, larger emission reductions per dollar of expenditure, and more competitive industrial electric rates.

Pritchett, T.; Moody, L. (General Motors Corp., Detroit, MI (United States)); Brubaker, M. (Drazen-Brubaker Associates, Inc., St. Lousi, MO (United States))

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Review of demand-side bidding programs: Impacts, costs, and cost-effectiveness  

SciTech Connect

In December 1987, Central Maine Power (CMP) instituted the first competitive bidding program that allowed developers to propose installation of conservation measures. Since then, about 30 utilities in 14 states have solicited bids from energy service companies (ESCOs) and customers to reduce energy demand in residential homes and in commercial and industrial facilities. Interest in the use of competitive procurement mechanisms for demand-side resources continues to grow. In this study, the authors build upon earlier work conducted by LBL in collaboration with others (Goldman and Busch 1992; Wolcott and Goldman 1992). They have developed methods to compare bid prices and program costs among utilities. They also characterize approaches used by utilities and developers to allocate risks associated with DSM resources based on their review of a large sample of signed contracts. These contracts are analyzed in some detail because they provide insights into the evolving roles and responsibilities of utilities, customers, and third party contractors in providing demand-side management (DSM) services. The analysis also highlights differences in the allocation of risks between traditional utility rebate programs and DSM bidding programs.

Goldman, C.A.; Kito, M.S. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States). Energy and Environment Div.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

The Online Vehicle Type Classifier Design for Road?Side Radar Detectors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study presents an online vehicle type classifier for road?side radar detectors in multi?lane environments. An automatic learning framework which composes a parametric statistic model and algorithms is introduced. The parameters of an online vehicle type classifier are trained with vehicles passing in front of detectors. The online vehicle type classifier tries to identify the vehicle type in real time. The road?side radar detector is developed based on frequency?modulation continuous?wave (FMCW) radar with the carrier frequency at X?band. Vehicles are classified into two major categories large and small. The classification based on (i) average energy maximum and (ii) average energy variance that are extracted from the frequency?domain signatures caused by passed vehicles. A two?dimension Gaussian Mixed Model (denoted as GMM) is employed to develop the learning model. Expectation maximization (denoted EM) algorithm is implemented to obtain the parameters of GMM. Numerical examples are demonstrated with real?world experiments. In the field tests the automatic framework delivers an accuracy of minimum 88% even with extremes scenarios (including (i) small samples and (ii) large sample size difference of different vehicle types). The examples show satisfying results of the proposed online vehicle type classifier.

Yow?Jen Jou; Yu?Kuang Chen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Analysis of control strategies for thermally activated building systems under demand side management mechanisms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Thermally activated buildings systems (TABS) are systems that integrate heating/cooling devices in the building structure, so that the building elements act as thermal storage and have an active role in the energy supply and demand management. Although TABS are well known systems, there are still open questions in their realization, mainly concerning appropriate control strategies which are influenced by the large thermal inertia. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the influence of demand side management control strategies on the performance of a thermally activated building system applied in a commercial building. The goal is to estimate the potential of TABS for load shifting requested by the electricity grid. The analysis is performed by means of a sample case: first the existing TABS control strategy and then the possible implementation of DSM mechanisms are analyzed. In particular three different demand side management mechanisms are evaluated: (i) a peak shaving strategy, (ii) a random request of switching on/off the system and (iii) a night load shifting strategy. The simulation results show high potential of TABS within the DSM framework, since TABS allow load control while scarcely affect thermal comfort.

A. Arteconi; D. Costola; P. Hoes; J.L.M. Hensen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Classification of behavior using vocalizations of Pacific white-sided dolphins (Lagenorhynchus obliquidens)a)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Surface behavior and concurrent underwater vocalizations were recorded for Pacific white-sided dolphins in the Southern California Bight (SCB) over multiple field seasons spanning 3 years. Clicks click trains and pulsed calls were counted and classified based on acoustic measurements leading to the identification of 19 key call features used for analysis. Kruskal-Wallis tests indicated that call features differ significantly across behavioral categories. Previous work had discovered two distinctive click Types (A and B) which may correspond to known subpopulations of Pacific white-side dolphins in the Southern California Bight; this study revealed that animals producing these different click types also differ in both their behavior and vocalizationpatterns. Click Type A groups were predominantly observed slow traveling and milling with little daytime foraging while click Type B groups were observed traveling and foraging. These behavioral differences may be characteristic of niche partitioning by overlapping populations; coupled with differences in vocalizationpatterns they may signify that these subpopulations are cryptic species. Finally random forest decision trees were used to classify behavior based on vocalization data with rates of correct classification up to 86% demonstrating the potential for the use of vocalizationpatterns to predict behavior.

E. Elizabeth Henderson; John A. Hildebrand; Michael H. Smith

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Experiments with biased side electrodes in electron cyclotron resonance ion sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The output of highly charged ions from an electron cyclotron resonance ion source (ECRIS) consists of ionic losses from a highly confined plasma. Therefore, an increase of the output of the ions of interest always is a compromise between an increase in the confinement and an increase of the losses.One route towards a solution consists of attacking the losses in directions (i.e., radial directions) that do not contribute to the required output. This was demonstrated in an experiment (using the Kei ECRIS at NIRS, Japan) where radial losses were electrostatically reduced by positively biasing one set of six side electrodes surrounding the plasma in side-ward directions attached (insulated) to the cylindrical wall of the plasma chamber. Recently new studies were performed in two laboratories using two essentially different ion sources. At the BioNano ECRIS (Toyo University, Japan) various sets of electrodes were used; each of the electrodes could be biased individually. At the Atomki ECRIS (Hungary), one movable,...

Drentje, A G; Uchida, T; Rácz, R; Biri, S

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Back-side hydrogenation technique for defect passivation in silicon solar cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A two-step back-side hydrogenation process includes the steps of first bombarding the back side of the silicon substrate with hydrogen ions with intensities and for a time sufficient to implant enough hydrogen atoms into the silicon substrate to potentially passivate substantially all of the defects and impurities in the silicon substrate, and then illuminating the silicon substrate with electromagnetic radiation to activate the implanted hydrogen, so that it can passivate the defects and impurities in the substrate. The illumination step also annihilates the hydrogen-induced defects. The illumination step is carried out according to a two-stage illumination schedule, the first or low-power stage of which subjects the substrate to electromagnetic radiation that has sufficient intensity to activate the implanted hydrogen, yet not drive the hydrogen from the substrate. The second or high-power illumination stage subjects the substrate to higher intensity electromagnetic radiation, which is sufficient to annihilate the hydrogen-induced defects and sinter/alloy the metal contacts. 3 figures.

Sopori, B.L.

1994-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

282

Disentangling the Forcing Mechanisms of a Heavy Precipitation Event along the Alpine South Side Using Potential Vorticity Inversion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Extreme precipitation events along the Alpine south side (AS) are often forced by upper-level positive potential vorticity (PV) anomalies over western Europe. These so-called PV streamers go along with a dynamical forcing for upward motion, a ...

Linda Schlemmer; Olivia Martius; Michael Sprenger; Cornelia Schwierz; Arwen Twitchett

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Characterization of side-slip dynamics in Land Rover LR3 for improved high speed autonomous control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, the side slip control dynamics of the Land Rover LR3 platform are examined for autonomous control. As autonomy becomes implemented in high speed safety applications, the importance of an accurate model for ...

Truax, Robert D. (Robert Denison)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Corrosion behaviors of the exposed side and underside of low alloy weathering steel in Qingdao and Wanning for 18 months  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For 18 months, a newly developed low alloy weathering steel has been exposed in two coastal sites (Qingdao in the north China, Wanning in the south China). The different corrosion behaviors of the exposed side and the underside of the samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), polarization curve, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and N2 adsorption approach. It was found that the samples exhibited higher corrosion rate in Wanning than that in Qingdao. The underside of the samples corrodes more seriously than the exposed side in Qingdao, whereas the result in Wanning is just the reverse. The protection performance of rust layers mainly depends on its compactness and the enrichment of Cu and Cr is a secondary causation. The different compactness of rust layers in the exposed side and the underside originates from different corrosion conditions of the two sides.

S.T. Wang; S.W. Yang; K.W. Gao; X.L. He

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Gasflooding experiments for the east side of the Yates field unit--  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on a series of immiscible gasflood experiments at current conditions for the east side of the Yates field unit (450 psi, 82{degrees}F (3.10 MPa, 301 K)). The oil recovery efficiency of CO{sub 2} was compared with that of gas-cap gas (GCG). Flooding rates in vertically mounted, preserved-state cores were near the critical velocities for gravity-stable displacement. Oil recoveries with CO{sub 2} were 6 to 11% of original oil in place (OOIP) greater than those of GCG. Flooding results were interpreted with a modified Buckley-Leverett end-effect simulator. With this simulator, the gas/oil saturation profile that results from capillary end effects could be modeled. The modeling study showed that incremental oil recovery with CO{sub 2} resulted from oil swelling, oil-viscosity reduction, and gas/oil interfacial-tension (IFT) reduction.

Christiansen, R.L. (Marathon Oil Company E and P Center, Littleton, CO (US))

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Multiobjective demand side management solutions for utilities with peak demand deficit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Demand side management (DSM) is a growing concept around the world, particularly in urban India, recently due to presence of time of day (TOD) tariffs for the large commercial and industrial customers. Residential customers are not exposed to TOD tariff structure so far in India. This encourages commercial and industrial customers to schedule their flexible loads as per TOD tariff to extract maximum benefit of it and helps utilities to reduce their peak load demand and reshape the load curve. For efficient DSM implementation, this paper presents a multiobjective DSM solutions based on integer genetic algorithm to benefit both utilities and consumers. The proposed algorithm provides new directions on effective implementation of DSM techniques for Indian utilities. Simulations were carried out on Indian practical distribution system with large commercial and industrial loads. The simulation results of the proposed algorithm shows that the presented DSM technique comprehends reasonable savings to both utility and consumers simultaneously, while reducing the system peak.

Nandkishor Kinhekar; Narayana Prasad Padhy; Hari Om Gupta

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Demand-side management and European environmental and energy goals: An optimal complementary approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Demand side management (DSM) in electricity markets could improve energy efficiency and achieve environmental targets through controlled consumption. For the past 10 years or so DSM programmes have registered significant results. However, detailed analysis of its real impact as observed by a large number of pilot studies suggests that such programmes need to be fine-tuned to suit clearly identified conditions. This study aims to provide recommendations for the instruments to be used to prompt demand response with a view to maximizing energy and environmental efficiencies of various countries. The present study suggests that different DSM models should be deployed depending on the specific generation mix in any given country. Beside the natural benefits from cross-borders infrastructures, DSM improves the flexibility and reliability of the energy system, absorbing some shock on generation mix. We show efficiency increases with demand response but at a decreasing rate. So, according to rebound and report effects, simple DSM tools could be preferred.

Claire Bergaentzlé; Cédric Clastres; Haikel Khalfallah

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Demand side management of a run-of-mine ore milling circuit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Increasing electricity costs coupled with lower prices for some metals such as platinum group metals require a reevaluation of the operation of grinding processes. Demand side management (DSM) has received increasing attention in the field of industrial control as an opportunity to reduce operating costs. DSM through grinding mill power load shifting is presented in this paper using model predictive control and a real-time optimizer. Simulation results indicate that mill power load shifting can potentially achieve cost reductions of $9.90 per kg of unrefined product when applied to a run-of-mine (ROM) ore milling circuit processing platinum bearing ore. DSM is however still not economically feasible when there is a demand to continuously run the milling circuit at maximum throughput.

B. Matthews; I.K. Craig

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

SWITCH: Case Studies in the Demand Side Management of Washing Appliances  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The emergence of viable smart home technologies together with ambitious government initiatives for smart meter rollouts will provide a rich platform on which to develop demand side management strategies that aim to modify consumer's use of energy. In this work we develop such a platform that aims to ‘SWITCH’ behaviour patterns and ‘SWITCH’ on/off energy consuming appliances when they are not needed or when they could be utilised to benefit from on-site power generation or off-peak electricity. This platform was installed in 3 occupied domestic properties that form part of the Creative Energy Homes project at the University of Nottingham, UK. A total of 6 case studies are presented that investigate the impact of shifting the time of use of washing machines and dishwashers with varying levels of user engagement. A range of issues and user perceptions of the technology are presented and discussed.

R. Shipman; M. Gillott; E. Naghiyev

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Total compensation of line-side switching harmonics in converter-fed ac locomotives  

SciTech Connect

PWM controlled line-side converters of modern ac traction locomotives inject harmonic currents into the feeding overhead line. This causes problems of electromagnetic interference. Passive or active filters are usually provided for a partial reduction of the line harmonics. A novel and superior approach employs a switched electronic compensator. It generates an exact replica of the harmonic current, feeding it to the high-voltage transformer to produce a harmonic counter MMF. The transformer main flux is then forced to be sinusoidal, and so is the induced voltage in the primary. The line current, being low-pass filtered by the transformer leakage inductance, assumes a pure sinusoidal waveform. The compensator operates in the low switching frequency range of the main power converters. Its installed power is only 1% of the traction power. Operation, control, and design considerations are described. Results from laboratory tests at full power level are presented.

Krah, J.O.; Holtz, J. [Univ. of Wuppertal (Germany)] [Univ. of Wuppertal (Germany)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Characterization of Service Induced Flaws on the Far Side of Austenitic Welds Using Phased Array Technology  

SciTech Connect

Conventional ultrasonic testing methods continue to exhibit problems for applications involving coarse-grained structures. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is evaluating the capabilities and limitations of phased array (PA) technology to detect service-type flaws in these coarse-grained materials. The work is being sponsored by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Office of Research. Work to determine detection capabilities through welds with varied grain structures is being explored to provide a better understanding of the acoustic properties of these welded structures. Piping specimens with welds fabricated in vertical and horizontal positions to simulate field conditions have been studied. The insights gained from the austenitic piping will be applied to dissimilar metal weld configurations, corrosion resistant clad piping and cast stainless steels. This paper presents results for using PA ultrasonic technology to determine the effectiveness of detecting and accurately characterizing flaws on the far-side of austenitic piping welds.

Anderson, Michael T.; Cumblidge, Stephen E.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Upper Cretaceous sequence stratigraphy of the Galala Plateaux, western side of the Gulf of Suez, Egypt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Based on the study of lithology, biostratigraphy and analysis of facies, this study deduces the occurrence of nine third-order Upper Cretaceous (Cenomanian–Maastrichtian) depositional sequences, which are bounded by eleven sequence boundaries of geographic extent in the Galala Plateaux, situated along the western side of the Gulf of Suez, Egypt. Some of the recorded sequence boundaries (e.g., Cenomanian/Turonian, Turonian/Coniacian, intra Santonian, and Campanian/Maastrichtian sequence boundaries) are not yet confirmed to eustatic sea-level changes. Fourteen main mixed carbonate/siliciclastic facies associations were recognized on a lateral transition between inner to outer ramp settings, with apparent subsidence towards the south. The tectonic position of the Galala Plateaux played an important role in the profound complexity of facies changes and the configuration of depositional sequences representing variable time gaps.

Sherif Farouk

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Demand side management using artificial neural networks in a smart grid environment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Smart grid deployment is a global trend, creating endless possibilities for the use of data generated by dynamic networks. The challenge is the transformation of this large volume of data into useful information for the electrical system. An example of this is the application of demand side management (DSM) techniques for the optimisation of power system management in real time. This article discusses the use of DSM in this new environment of electrical system and it presents a simulation that uses data acquired from digital meters, it creates patterns of load curves, uses these patterns load data to train and validate a ANN and uses this ANN to classify new data using these defined patters. The results obtained in this study show that the intelligent network environment facilitates the implementation of DSM and the use of ANN presented a satisfactory performance for the classification of load curves.

M.N.Q. Macedo; J.J.M. Galo; L.A.L. de Almeida; A.C. de C. Lima

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

The two sides of enzyme–substrate specificity: lessons from the aspartic proteinases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Like most proteolytic enzymes, the aspartic proteinases bind substrates and most inhibitors within an extended active site cleft. Bound ligands typically adopt a ?-strand conformation. Interactions with groups on both sides of the cleft determine the primary as well as secondary specificity of the enzymes. We have pursued the discovery of the sometimes subtle distinctions between members of the aspartic proteinase family by two routes. In the first case, we have constructed sets of oligopeptide substrates with systematic variation in each position to assess interactions at one position at a time. In the second type of experiment, we have altered residues of the enzymes in order to test theories of selectivity. The combination of the two approaches has provided a better understanding of the forces involved in determining specificity of enzyme action.

Ben M Dunn; Su-Hwi Hung

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Hawaii demand-side management resource assessment. Final report: DSM opportunity report  

SciTech Connect

The Hawaii Demand-Side Management Resource Assessment was the fourth of seven projects in the Hawaii Energy Strategy (HES) program. HES was designed by the Department of Business, Economic Development, and Tourism (DBEDT) to produce an integrated energy strategy for the State of Hawaii. The purpose of Project 4 was to develop a comprehensive assessment of Hawaii`s demand-side management (DSM) resources. To meet this objective, the project was divided into two phases. The first phase included development of a DSM technology database and the identification of Hawaii commercial building characteristics through on-site audits. These Phase 1 products were then used in Phase 2 to identify expected energy impacts from DSM measures in typical residential and commercial buildings in Hawaii. The building energy simulation model DOE-2.1E was utilized to identify the DSM energy impacts. More detailed information on the typical buildings and the DOE-2.1E modeling effort is available in Reference Volume 1, ``Building Prototype Analysis``. In addition to the DOE-2.1E analysis, estimates of residential and commercial sector gas and electric DSM potential for the four counties of Honolulu, Hawaii, Maui, and Kauai through 2014 were forecasted by the new DBEDT DSM Assessment Model. Results from DBEDTs energy forecasting model, ENERGY 2020, were linked with results from DOE-2.1E building energy simulation runs and estimates of DSM measure impacts, costs, lifetime, and anticipated market penetration rates in the DBEDT DSM Model. Through its algorithms, estimates of DSM potential for each forecast year were developed. Using the load shape information from the DOE-2.1E simulation runs, estimates of electric peak demand impacts were developed. 10 figs., 55 tabs.

NONE

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Review of US utility demand-side bidding programs: Impacts, costs, and cost-effectiveness  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, we review utility experiences with demand-side management (DSM) bidding programs. Since 1987, about 35 US utilities have signed long-term contracts with developers of DSM resources (ie energy service companies and customers) to provide a quantity of demand and energy savings at specified prices. Total resource costs range between 5.4 and 8 cents/kWh for 10 DSM bidding programs where complete information on program costs is available. Almost all DSM bidding programs have been cost-effective compared with the utility's own supply-side alternatives, although there is substantial disagreement regarding the value of these programs compared with the utility's own DSM programs. In most bidding programs, payments to bidders account for between 70 and 90% of total program costs. Variation in winning bid prices is influenced primarily by DSM bid ceiling prices, differences in the mix of measures and markets targeted by developers, and the degree of performance risk borne by the DSM developer. Bids targeting residential customers averaged 6.2 cents/kWh compared with about 5.0 cents/kWh for commercial/industrial bids. We also compared the costs of acquiring lighting savings in DSM bidding contracts with a sample of 20 utility-sponsored commercial/industrial lighting programs. We found that, on average, total resource costs were slightly higher in bidding programs (6.1 vs 5.6 cents/kWh), although ratepayers bear significantly less performance risk in bidding programs compared with traditional utility-sponsored DSM programs.

Charles A. Goldman; Michele S. Kito

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Capabilities of Ultrasonic Techniques for the Far-Side Examination of Austenitic Stainless Steel Piping Welds.  

SciTech Connect

A study was conducted to assess the ability of advanced ultrasonic techniques to detect and accurately determine the size of flaws from the far-side of wrought austenitic piping welds. Far-side inspections of nuclear system piping welds are currently performed on a “best effort” basis and do not conform to ASME Code Section XI Appendix VIII performance demonstration requirements. For this study, four circumferential welds in 610mm diameter, 36mm thick ASTM A-358, Grade 304 vintage austenitic stainless steel pipe were examined. The welds were fabricated with varied welding parameters; both horizontal and vertical pipe orientations were used, with air and water backing, to simulate field welding conditions. A series of saw cuts, electro-discharge machined (EDM) notches, and implanted fatigue cracks were placed into the heat affected zones of the welds. The saw cuts and notches ranged in depth from 7.5% to 28.4% through-wall. The implanted cracks ranged in depth from 5% through-wall to 64% through-wall. The welds were examined with phased array technology at 2.0 MHz, and with low-frequency/Synthetic Aperture Focusing Technique (SAFT) methods in the 250-400 kHz regime. These results were compared to conventional ultrasonic techniques as a baseline. The examinations showed that both phased-array and low-frequency/SAFT were able to detect and accurately length-size, but not depth size, the notches and flaws through the welds. The ultrasonic results were insensitive to the different welding techniques used in each weld.

Anderson, Michael T.; Diaz, Aaron A.; Cumblidge, Stephen E.; Doctor, Steven R.

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Lattice and off-lattice side chain models of protein folding: Linear time structure prediction better than 86% of optimal  

SciTech Connect

This paper considers the protein structure prediction problem for lattice and off-lattice protein folding models that explicitly represent side chains. Lattice models of proteins have proven extremely useful tools for reasoning about protein folding in unrestricted continuous space through analogy. This paper provides the first illustration of how rigorous algorithmic analyses of lattice models can lead to rigorous algorithmic analyses of off-lattice models. The authors consider two side chain models: a lattice model that generalizes the HP model (Dill 85) to explicitly represent side chains on the cubic lattice, and a new off-lattice model, the HP Tangent Spheres Side Chain model (HP-TSSC), that generalizes this model further by representing the backbone and side chains of proteins with tangent spheres. They describe algorithms for both of these models with mathematically guaranteed error bounds. In particular, the authors describe a linear time performance guaranteed approximation algorithm for the HP side chain model that constructs conformations whose energy is better than 865 of optimal in a face centered cubic lattice, and they demonstrate how this provides a 70% performance guarantee for the HP-TSSC model. This is the first algorithm in the literature for off-lattice protein structure prediction that has a rigorous performance guarantee. The analysis of the HP-TSSC model builds off of the work of Dancik and Hannenhalli who have developed a 16/30 approximation algorithm for the HP model on the hexagonal close packed lattice. Further, the analysis provides a mathematical methodology for transferring performance guarantees on lattices to off-lattice models. These results partially answer the open question of Karplus et al. concerning the complexity of protein folding models that include side chains.

Hart, W.E.; Istrail, S. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Algorithms and Discrete Mathematics Dept.

1996-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

299

Potential of air-side economizers for data center cooling: A case study for key Australian cities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The provision of low cost cooling is challenging due to high energy costs and increasing heat dissipation volumes from data centers. In Australia, with the introduction of emissions trading scheme, the cost of energy with carbon origin is expected to increase. In order to reduce cooling costs, alternative low cost cooling methods for data centers are highly sought after. In this study, we investigated using air-side economizers to introduce outside air with desired supply air conditions, by exploiting the cool and dry Australian climate conditions. Our approach was based on analyzing the hourly temperature and humidity data gathered over past 12 years for 20 weather monitoring stations across Australia representing all geographical regions and determining the potential of using air-side economizers for those locations. As the result, we demonstrated that there is a sizable potential for using air-side economizers in some states that could lead to significant savings on cooling costs to data center operators.

Jayantha Siriwardana; Saliya Jayasekara; Saman K. Halgamuge

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Respiration Induced Heart Motion and Indications of Gated Delivery for Left-Sided Breast Irradiation  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To investigate respiration-induced heart motion for left-sided breast irradiation using a four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) technique and to determine novel indications to assess heart motion and identify breast patients who may benefit from a gated treatment. Methods and Materials: Images of 4DCT acquired during free breathing for 20 left-sided breast cancer patients, who underwent whole breast irradiation with or without regional nodal irradiation, were analyzed retrospectively. Dose distributions were reconstructed in the phases of 0%, 20%, and 50%. The intrafractional heart displacement was measured in three selected transverse CT slices using D{sub LAD} (the distance from left ascending aorta to a fixed line [connecting middle point of sternum and the body] drawn on each slice) and maximum heart depth (MHD, the distance of the forefront of the heart to the line). Linear regression analysis was used to correlate these indices with mean heart dose and heart dose volume at different breathing phases. Results: Respiration-induced heart displacement resulted in observable variations in dose delivered to the heart. During a normal free-breathing cycle, heart-induced motion D{sub LAD} and MHD changed up to 9 and 11 mm respectively, resulting in up to 38% and 39% increases of mean doses and V{sub 25.2} for the heart. MHD and D{sub LAD} were positively correlated with mean heart dose and heart dose volume. Respiratory-adapted gated treatment may better spare heart and ipsilateral-lung compared with the conventional non-gated plan in a subset of patients with large D{sub LAD} or MHD variations. Conclusion: Proposed indices offer novel assessment of heart displacement based on 4DCT images. MHD and D{sub LAD} can be used independently or jointly as selection criteria for respiratory gating procedure before treatment planning. Patients with great intrafractional MHD variations or tumor(s) close to the diaphragm may particularly benefit from the gated treatment.

Qi, X. Sharon, E-mail: xiangrong.qi@ucdenver.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO (United States); Hu, Angela [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO (United States); Wang Kai [Department of Radiation Oncology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI (United States); Newman, Francis [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO (United States); Crosby, Marcus; Hu Bin; White, Julia; Li, X. Allen [Department of Radiation Oncology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI (United States)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Transient natural convection in rectangular enclosures heated from one side and cooled from above  

SciTech Connect

Buoyancy-induced flows in enclosures play an important role in many engineering applications, such as heating and cooling of buildings, electronics cooling, solar energy collection systems, materials processing, energy storage systems, etc. Here, a numerical investigation into two-dimensional transient natural convection of single-phase fluids inside a completely filled square enclosure has been conducted for the Prandtl numbers of 0.71 and 7.1, and the Rayleigh number range 10{sup 3}--10{sup 7}. The fluid is assumed to be initially at a uniform temperature and motionless. Then, at time zero, the flow is driven by instantaneously raising and lowering the temperatures at the left side and the top wall, respectively. Adiabatic boundary conditions are used at the remaining walls. The unsteady Navier-Stokes equations, governing the flow under Boussinesq approximation, are solved with the vorticity-stream function formulation using the finite difference method. The development of the flow and temperature fields following these temperature changes are determined numerically. The transient behavior of the average Nusselt number at the hot wall is traced.

Aydin, O. [Karadeniz Technical Univ., Trabzon (Turkey). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

CHEMICAL STABILITY OF POLYPHENYLENE SULFIDE IN THE NEXT GENERATION SOLVENT FOR CAUSTIC-SIDE SOLVENT EXTRACTION  

SciTech Connect

The Office of Waste Processing, within the Office of Technology Innovation and Development, is funding the development of an enhanced solvent for deployment at the Savannah River Site for removal of cesium from High Level Waste. For simplicity, this solvent is referred to as the Next Generation Solvent (NGS). The technical effort is collaboration between Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL), and Argonne National Laboratory. The initial deployment target envisioned for the technology was within the Modular Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction Unit (MCU). Deployment of a new chemical within an existing facility requires verification that the chemical components are compatible with the installed equipment. In the instance of a new organic solvent, the primary focus is on compatibility of the solvent with polyphenylene sulfide (PPS), the polymer used in the coalescers within MCU. This report provides the data from exposing PPS polymer to NGS. The test was conducted over a three month period. PPS is remarkably stable in the presence of the next generation solvent. Testing showed no indication of swelling or significant leaching. Preferential sorption of the Modifier on PPS was observed but the same behavior occurs with the baseline solvent. Therefore, PPS coalescers exposed to the NGS are expected to perform comparably to those in contact with the baseline solvent.

Fondeur, F.; Fink, S.

2011-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

303

Demand side management of electric car charging: Benefits for consumer and grid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ireland is currently striving to source 10% of the energy required for its transport fleet from renewable energy sources by 2020. As part of the measures being implemented in order to help realise this ambitious target a number of Government schemes have been introduced to financially subsidise the purchase of alternative energy vehicles in an effort to achieve 10% EV (electric vehicle) penetration in the country's road fleet by 2020. The replacement of ICE (internal combustion engine) vehicles with EV equivalents poses challenges for grid operators while simultaneously offering opportunities in terms of distributed energy storage and flexible load. This paper examines how optimising the charging cycles of an electric car using DSM (Demand Side Management) based on a number of criteria could be used to achieve financial savings, increased demand on renewable energy, reduce demand on thermal generation plant, and reduce peak load demand. The results demonstrate that significant gains can be achieved using currently available market data which highlights the point that DSM can be implemented without any further technological advents.

P. Finn; C. Fitzpatrick; D. Connolly

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Modeling of Demand Side Management Options for Commercial Sector in Maharashtra  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract There has been an unbalance between demand and supply of electricity in Maharashtra, a shortage of 20% peak power was reported in year 2011-12. Demand side management (DSM) in the commercial sector (consuming about 12% of the state electricity) can help to bridge this gap. In this paper three DSM options namely global temperature adjustment (GTA), chilled water storage (CWS) and variable air volume system (VAVS) are evaluated to give potential energy savings and load shifting. Simulation of GTA model for a sample school building gave 21.3% saving in compressor work for a change of room settings from 23oC, 50% RH to 26oC, 40% RH. Model for CWS was simulated for an office building in Mumbai; the results showed a cooling load shifting of 1638TRh out of 2075TRh was possible with an optimum tank size of 450kl. Simulation of VAVS for a sample school building showed fan energy savings of 68% over CAVS.

Vishal Vadabhat; Rangan Banerjee

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

A distributed demand-side management framework for the smart grid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper proposes a fully distributed Demand-Side Management system for Smart Grid infrastructures, especially tailored to reduce the peak demand of residential users. In particular, we use a dynamic pricing strategy, where energy tariffs are function of the overall power demand of customers. We consider two practical cases: (1) a fully distributed approach, where each appliance decides autonomously its own scheduling, and (2) a hybrid approach, where each user must schedule all his appliances. We analyze numerically these two approaches, showing that they are characterized practically by the same performance level in all the considered grid scenarios. We model the proposed system using a non-cooperative game theoretical approach, and demonstrate that our game is a generalized ordinal potential one under general conditions. Furthermore, we propose a simple yet effective best response strategy that is proved to converge in a few steps to a pure Nash Equilibrium, thus demonstrating the robustness of the power scheduling plan obtained without any central coordination of the operator or the customers. Numerical results, obtained using real load profiles and appliance models, show that the system-wide peak absorption achieved in a completely distributed fashion can be reduced up to 55%, thus decreasing the capital expenditure (CAPEX) necessary to meet the growing energy demand.

Antimo Barbato; Antonio Capone; Lin Chen; Fabio Martignon; Stefano Paris

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Linkages between demand-side management and congestion in the European electricity transmission system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We evaluate the possibility to reduce congestion in the transmission grid through large-scale implementation of demand-side management (DSM) in the form of load shifting for the EU-27 countries, Norway, and Switzerland for Year 2020. A linear, cost-minimising, dispatch model that includes a DC load-flow description of the transmission system and a general representation of load shifting is used. It is assumed that the EU Member States fulfil the targets for Year 2020 in their national renewable energy action plans. In the model calculations, a reference case without load shifting is compared with cases in which the load shifting is 5%, 10%, 15% or 20% of the load. The possibility to shift load in time is added exogenously and economic incentives for DSM are not evaluated. Three types of congestion are identified: peak-load-hour congestion, low-load-hour congestion and all-hour congestion. Peak-load-hour congestion is reduced as the DSM share of the load increases, whereas low-load-hour congestion, which is typically associated with a high level of wind generation, persists at all the DSM penetration levels investigated. We show that all-hour congestion occurs between systems that have large differences in supply structure, and that the impact of DSM on all-hour congestion is low.

Lisa Göransson; Joel Goop; Thomas Unger; Mikael Odenberger; Filip Johnsson

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

The power of efficiency: Optimizing environmental and social benefits through demand-side-management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Substantial social and environmental benefits can be achieved through regional DSM (demand-side management) strategies. Here, three DSM scenarios that vary in capital investment costs of technology retrofits were tested for the contemporary Northeastern US. These resulted in an 8.3–16.5% decrease in summertime regional electricity consumption. The lower power consumption achieved through DSM was analyzed under an additional five SPR (strategic power reduction) scenarios to explore how the reduced electricity demand could be optimized through different modalities of thermoelectric power production that lower human health risks, thermal water pollution, carbon emissions or system costs (operation and maintenance) of power plants. SPR scenarios show potential to lower health risks to nearly two million people with corresponding avoided external costs of $11 billion per year, lower carbon emissions (31%, maximum) and thermal water pollution (37%, maximum). By internalizing external costs, some unfavorable investments (NPV (net present value)  0). Results show that integrating tradeoffs of DSM beyond the building scale unveil considerable social and environmental benefits that are ignored in typical financial valuations. This, in turn, can provide more holistic assessments and identify actionable policy alternatives of value to energy and environmental planners that aim to achieve sustainable development.

Ariel Miara; Craig Tarr; Rachel Spellman; Charles J. Vörösmarty; Jordan E. Macknick

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

A cloud computing framework on demand side management game in smart energy hubs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The presence of energy hubs in the future vision of energy networks creates an opportunity for electrical engineers to move toward more efficient energy systems. At the same time, it is envisioned that smart grid can cover the natural gas network in the near future. This paper modifies the classic Energy Hub model to present an upgraded model in the smart environment entitling “Smart Energy Hub”. Supporting real time, two-way communication between utility companies and smart energy hubs, and allowing intelligent infrastructures at both ends to manage power consumption necessitates large-scale real-time computing capabilities to handle the communication and the storage of huge transferable data. To manage communications to large numbers of endpoints in a secure, scalable and highly-available environment, in this paper we provide a cloud computing framework for a group of smart energy hubs. Then, we use game theory to model the demand side management among the smart energy hubs. Simulation results confirm that at the Nash equilibrium, peak to average ratio of the total electricity demand reduces significantly and at the same time the hubs will pay less considerably for their energy bill.

Aras Sheikhi; Mohammad Rayati; Shahab Bahrami; Ali Mohammad Ranjbar; Sourena Sattari

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Domestic demand-side management (DSM): Role of heat pumps and thermal energy storage (TES) systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Heat pumps are seen as a promising technology for load management in the built environment, in combination with the smart grid concept. They can be coupled with thermal energy storage (TES) systems to shift electrical loads from high-peak to off-peak hours, thus serving as a powerful tool in demand-side management (DSM). This paper analyzes heat pumps with radiators or underfloor heating distribution systems coupled with TES with a view to showing how a heat pump system behaves and how it influences the building occupants' thermal comfort under a DSM strategy designed to flatten the shape of the electricity load curve by switching off the heat pump during peak hours (16:00–19:00). The reference scenario for the analysis was Northern Ireland (UK). The results showed that the heat pump is a good tool for the purposes of DSM, also thanks to the use of TES systems, in particular with heating distribution systems that have a low thermal inertia, e.g. radiators. It proved possible to achieve a good control of the indoor temperature, even if the heat pump was turned off for 3 h, and to reduce the electricity bill if a “time of use” tariff structure was adopted.

A. Arteconi; N.J. Hewitt; F. Polonara

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Recommended Guanidine Suppressor for the Next-Generation Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction Process  

SciTech Connect

The guanidine recommended for the Next-Generation Caustic-Side is N,N ,N -tris(3,7-dimethyloctyl)guanidine (TiDG). Systematic testing has shown that it is significantly more lipophilic than the previously recommended guanidine DCiTG, the active extractant in the commercial guanidine product LIX -79, while not otherwise changing the solvent performance. Previous testing indicated that the extent of partitioning of the DCiTG suppressor to the aqueous strip solution is significantly greater than expected, potentially leading to rapid depletion of the suppressor from the solvent and unwanted organic concentrations in process effluents. Five candidate guanidines were tested as potential replacements for DCiTG. The tests included batch extraction with simulated waste and flowsheet solutions, third-phase formation, emulsion formation, and partition ratios of the guanidine between the solvent and aqueous strip solution. Preliminary results of a thermal stability test of the TiDG solvent at one month duration indicated performance approximately equivalent to DCiTG. Two of the guanidines proved adequate in all respects, and the choice of TiDG was deemed slightly preferable vs the next best guanidine BiTABG.

Moyer, Bruce A [ORNL; Delmau, Laetitia Helene [ORNL; Duncan, Nathan C [ORNL; Ensor, Dale [Tennessee Technological University; Hill, Talon G [ORNL; Lee, Denise L [ORNL; Roach, Benjamin D [ORNL; Sloop Jr, Frederick {Fred} V [ORNL; Williams, Neil J [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

IEA Heat Pump Conference 2011, 16 -19 May 2011, Tokyo, Japan ON SIDE REFRIGERANT MEASUREMENT OF HEAT PUMP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- 1 - 10th IEA Heat Pump Conference 2011, 16 - 19 May 2011, Tokyo, Japan ON SIDE REFRIGERANT MEASUREMENT OF HEAT PUMP SEASONAL PERFORMANCES C. T. Tran, PhD student, Centre for Energy and Processes, MINES, Research Engineer, ENERBAT, Electricity of France R&D, Moret/Loing, France Abstract Heat pump systems have

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

312

Design Information Retrieval: Improving Access to the Informal Side of Design William Wood, Maria Yang, and Mark Cutkosky  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Design Information Retrieval: Improving Access to the Informal Side of Design William Wood, Maria Yang, and Mark Cutkosky Center for Design Research Stanford University Abstract Capturing and reusing design experience holds great potential for improving designer effectiveness. The first step toward

Yang, Maria

313

Design of Rotor-side Controller Using Adaptive Time-frequency Method for DFIG Bearing Fault Detection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To ensure the reliable operation and power quality of wind power systems, the fault-tolerant control for DFIG is studied in this paper. Based on measured motor currents data, an adaptive statistical time-frequency method is then used to detect the fault ... Keywords: Doubly-fed induction generator, monitoring, wind turbine, rotor side inverter

Suratsavadee K. Korkua

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Pump side scattering in ultrapowerful backward Raman amplifiers A. A. Solodov, V. M. Malkin, and N. J. Fisch  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pump side scattering in ultrapowerful backward Raman amplifiers A. A. Solodov, V. M. Malkin, and N of a laser pump by plasma noise might be suppressed by an appropriate detuning of the Raman resonance, even scattering of laser pumps by plasma noise in backward Raman amplifiers. Though its growth rate is smaller

315

TWO-SIDED EXIT PROBLEM FOR A SPECTRALLY NEGATIVE -STABLE ORNSTEIN-UHLENBECK PROCESS AND THE WRIGHT'S GENERALIZED  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TWO-SIDED EXIT PROBLEM FOR A SPECTRALLY NEGATIVE -STABLE ORNSTEIN-UHLENBECK PROCESS AND THE WRIGHT in terms of the Wright's generalized hypergeometric function 21. The Laplace transform of first passage analytical properties for some Wright's generalized hypergeometric functions. AMS 2000 Subject classification

Patie, Pierre

316

23.2 / J. X. Sun 23.2: An Efficient Stacked OLED with Double-Sided Light Emission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

23.2 / J. X. Sun 23.2: An Efficient Stacked OLED with Double-Sided Light Emission J. X. Sun, X. L;23.2 / J. X. Sun 2. Experimental Details The SOLED were fabricated on 75nm-ITO coated glass with a sheet

317

Shelter Island, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

681549°, -72.3386939° 681549°, -72.3386939° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.0681549,"lon":-72.3386939,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

318

Shelter Island Heights, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Heights, New York: Energy Resources Heights, New York: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 41.0839883°, -72.3559166° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.0839883,"lon":-72.3559166,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

319

The architecture of storytelling : children's shelter in Venice, California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The thesis investigation began with my experience with storytelling. Verbal stories told to me as a child provided a form of cultural continuity. Stories were a way of transferring culture, ideas, religion, morals, and ...

Ventura, Sandra, 1969-

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Determining optimal fallout shelter times following a nuclear detonation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...President, Interagency Policy Coordination Subcommittee...Response to Radiological and Nuclear Threats 2010 Planning guidance for response to a nuclear detonation, 2nd edn...Science and Technology Policy. See http://www...planning-guidance-for-response-to-nuclear-detonation-2-edition-final...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Sheltered in cyberspace? Computer use among the unsheltered 'street' homeless  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Although physical health, mental health, and substance use problems are disproportionately high among the homeless, those with greater access to their social support systems report better outcomes than others. Communication with loved ones can be challenging ... Keywords: Computer, Homeless, Internet, Methods, Social support, Technology

Karin M. Eyrich-Garg

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Florida's Emergency Shelters Go Solar | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

& Buildings Solar Basics & Educating Consumers Subprogram Soft Costs Author Florida Energy Center p-fsec-pf-434-07.pdf More Documents & Publications Disasters: Photovoltaics for...

323

Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction: Chemical and Physical Properties of the Optimized Solvent  

SciTech Connect

This work was undertaken to optimize the solvent used in the Caustic Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX) process and to measure key chemical and physical properties related to its performance in the removal of cesium from the alkaline high-level salt waste stored in tanks at the Savannah River Site. The need to adjust the solvent composition arose from the prior discovery that the previous baseline solvent was supersaturated with respect to the calixarene extractant. The following solvent-component concentrations in Isopar{reg_sign} L diluent are recommended: 0.007 M calix[4]arene-bis(tert-octylbenzo-crown-6) (BOBCalixC6) extractant, 0.75 M 1-(2,2,3,3-tetrafluoropropoxy)-3-(4-sec-butylphenoxy)-2-propanol (Cs-7SB) phase modifier, and 0.003 M tri-n-octylamine (TOA) stripping aid. Criteria for this selection included BOBCalixC6 solubility, batch cesium distribution ratios (D{sub Cs}), calculated flowsheet robustness, third-phase formation, coalescence rate (dispersion numbers), and solvent density. Although minor compromises within acceptable limits were made in flowsheet robustness and solvent density, significant benefits were gained in lower risk of third-phase formation and lower solvent cost. Data are also reported for the optimized solvent regarding the temperature dependence of D{sub Cs} in extraction, scrubbing, and stripping (ESS); ESS performance on recycle; partitioning of BOBCalixC6, Cs-7SB, and TOA to aqueous process solutions; partitioning of organic anions; distribution of metals; solvent phase separation at low temperatures; solvent stability to elevated temperatures; and solvent density and viscosity. Overall, the technical risk of the CSSX process has been reduced by resolving previously identified issues and raising no new issues.

Delmau, L.H.

2002-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

324

“Souls of the ancestor that knock us out” and other tales. A qualitative study to identify demand-side factors influencing malaria case management in Cambodia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Appropriate case management of suspected malaria in Cambodia is critical ... on Cambodian practices, aiming to understand the demand-side factors influencing treatment-seeking behaviour, including the...

Kathryn A O’Connell; Ghazaleh Samandari; Sochea Phok; Mean Phou…

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

STEAM-SIDE OXIDE SCALE EXFOLIATION BEHAVIOR IN SUPERHEATERS AND REHEATERS  

SciTech Connect

Advances in materials for power plants include not only new materials with higher-temperature capabilities, but also the use of current materials at increasingly higher temperatures. This latter activity builds on extensive experience of the performance of the various alloys, and provides a basis for identifying changes in alloy behavior with increasing temperature as well as understanding the factors that ultimately determine the maximum use temperatures of the different alloy classes. This paper presents results from an effort to model the exfoliation processes of steam-side oxide scales in a manner that describes as accurately as possible the evolution of strains in oxides growing inside small-diameter tubes subjected to large thermal gradients and to thermal transients typical of normal steam boiler operation. One way of portraying the results of such calculations is by plotting the evolving strains in a given oxide scale on an Exfoliation Diagram (of the type pioneered by Manning et al. of the British Central Electricity Research Laboratory) to determine the earliest time at which the trajectory of these strains intersects a criterion for scale failure. Understanding of how such strain trajectories differ among different alloys and are affected by the major variables associated with boiler operation has the potential to suggest boiler operating strategies to manage scale exfoliation, as well as to highlight the mode of scale failure and the limitations of each alloy. Preliminary results are presented of the strain trajectories calculated for alloys T22, T91, and TP347 subjected to the conditions experienced by superheaters under assumed boiler operating scenarios. For all three alloys the earliest predicted scale failures were associated with the increased strains developed during a boiler shut-down event; indeed, in the cases considered it appeared unlikely that scale failure would occur in any practically meaningful time due to strains accumulated during operation in a load-following mode in the absence of a shut down. The accuracy of the algorithms used for the kinetics of oxide growth appeared to be a very important consideration, especially for alloy TP347 for which large effects on oxide growth rate are known to occur with changes in alloy grain size and surface cold work.

Sabau, Adrian S [ORNL; Shingledecker, John P. [Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI); Wright, Ian G [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Caustic-Side Solvent-Extraction Modeling for Hanford Interim Pretreatment System  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this work is to examine the applicability of the Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX) process for the removal of cesium from Hanford tank-waste supernatant solutions in support of the Hanford Interim Pretreatment System (IPS). The Hanford waste types are more challenging than those at the Savannah River Site (SRS) in that they contain significantly higher levels of potassium, the chief competing ion in the extraction of cesium. It was confirmed by use of the CSSX model that the higher levels of potassium depress the cesium distribution ratio (DCs), as validated by measurement of DCs values for four of eight specified Hanford waste-simulant compositions. The model predictions were good to an apparent standard error of ±11%. It is concluded from batch distribution experiments, physical-property measurements, equilibrium modeling, flowsheet calculations, and contactor sizing that the CSSX process as currently employed for cesium removal from alkaline salt waste at the SRS is capable of treating similar Hanford tank feeds. For the most challenging waste composition, 41 stages would be required to provide a cesium decontamination factor (DF) of 5000 and a concentration factor (CF) of 5. Commercial contacting equipment with rotor diameters of 10 in. for extraction and 5 in. for stripping should have the capacity to meet throughput requirements, but testing will be required to confirm that the needed efficiency and hydraulic performance are actually obtainable. Markedly improved flowsheet performance was calculated for a new solvent formulation employing the more soluble cesium extractant BEHBCalixC6 used with alternative scrub and strip solutions, respectively 0.1 M NaOH and 10 mM boric acid. The improved system can meet minimum requirements (DF = 5000 and CF = 5) with 17 stages or more ambitious goals (DF = 40,000 and CF = 15) with 19 stages. Potential benefits of further research and development are identified that would lead to reduced costs, greater adaptability of the process to DOE alkaline salt wastes, and greater readiness for implementation. Such benefits accrue from optimal sizing of centrifugal contactors for application of the CSSX process for the IPS; more accurate modeling of cesium extraction with greater flexibility and applicability to a variety of feeds and flowsheet conditions; and further improving and optimizing the alternative CSSX solvent and scrub/strip system.

Moyer, B.A.; Birdwell, J.F.; Delmau, L. H.; McFarlane, J.

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Image-Guided Radiotherapy for Left-Sided Breast Cancer Patients: Geometrical Uncertainty of the Heart  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To quantify the geometrical uncertainties for the heart during radiotherapy treatment of left-sided breast cancer patients and to determine and validate planning organ at risk volume (PRV) margins. Methods and Materials: Twenty-two patients treated in supine position in 28 fractions with regularly acquired cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans for offline setup correction were included. Retrospectively, the CBCT scans were reconstructed into 10-phase respiration correlated four-dimensional scans. The heart was registered in each breathing phase to the planning CT scan to establish the respiratory heart motion during the CBCT scan ({sigma}{sub resp}). The average of the respiratory motion was calculated as the heart displacement error for a fraction. Subsequently, the systematic ({Sigma}), random ({sigma}), and total random ({sigma}{sub tot}={radical}({sigma}{sup 2}+{sigma}{sub resp}{sup 2})) errors of the heart position were calculated. Based on the errors a PRV margin for the heart was calculated to ensure that the maximum heart dose (D{sub max}) is not underestimated in at least 90% of the cases (M{sub heart} = 1.3{Sigma}-0.5{sigma}{sub tot}). All analysis were performed in left-right (LR), craniocaudal (CC), and anteroposterior (AP) directions with respect to both online and offline bony anatomy setup corrections. The PRV margin was validated by accumulating the dose to the heart based on the heart registrations and comparing the planned PRV D{sub max} to the accumulated heart D{sub max}. Results: For online setup correction, the cardiac geometrical uncertainties and PRV margins were N-Ary-Summation = 2.2/3.2/2.1 mm, {sigma} = 2.1/2.9/1.4 mm, and M{sub heart} = 1.6/2.3/1.3 mm for LR/CC/AP, respectively. For offline setup correction these were N-Ary-Summation = 2.4/3.7/2.2 mm, {sigma} = 2.9/4.1/2.7 mm, and M{sub heart} = 1.6/2.1/1.4 mm. Cardiac motion induced by breathing was {sigma}{sub resp} = 1.4/2.9/1.4 mm for LR/CC/AP. The PRV D{sub max} underestimated the accumulated heart D{sub max} for 9.1% patients using online and 13.6% patients using offline bony anatomy setup correction, which validated that PRV margin size was adequate. Conclusion: Considerable cardiac position variability relative to the bony anatomy was observed in breast cancer patients. A PRV margin can be used during treatment planning to take these uncertainties into account.

Topolnjak, Rajko; Borst, Gerben R.; Nijkamp, Jasper [Radiotherapy Department, Netherlands Cancer Institute/Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Huis, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Sonke, Jan-Jakob, E-mail: j.sonke@nki.nl [Radiotherapy Department, Netherlands Cancer Institute/Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Huis, Amsterdam (Netherlands)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

328

Life extension program for the modular caustic side solvent extraction unit at Savannah River Site  

SciTech Connect

Caustic Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX) is currently used at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Savannah River Site (SRS) for removal of cesium from the high-level salt-wastes stored in underground tanks. At SRS, the CSSX process is deployed in the Modular CSSX Unit (MCU). The CSSX technology utilizes a multi-component organic solvent and annular centrifugal contactors to extract cesium from alkaline salt waste. Coalescers and decanters process the Decontaminated Salt Solution (DSS) and Strip Effluent (SE) streams to allow recovery and reuse of the organic solvent and to limit the quantity of solvent transferred to the downstream facilities. MCU is operated in series with the Actinide Removal Process (ARP) which removes strontium and actinides from salt waste utilizing monosodium titanate. ARP and MCU were developed and implemented as interim salt processing until future processing technology, the CSSX-based Salt Waste Processing Facility (SWPF), is operational. SWPF is slated to come on-line in October 2014. The three year design life of the ARP/MCU process, however, was reached in April 2011. Nevertheless, most of the individual process components are capable of operating longer. An evaluation determined ARP/MCU can operate until 2015 before major equipment failure is expected. The three year design life of the ARP/MCU Life Extension (ARP/MCU LE) program will bridge the gap between current ARP/MCU operations and the start of SWPF operation. The ARP/MCU LE program introduces no new technologies. As a portion of this program, a Next Generation Solvent (NGS) and corresponding flowsheet are being developed to provide a major performance enhancement at MCU. This paper discusses all the modifications performed in the facility to support the ARP/MCU Life Extension. It will also discuss the next generation chemistry, including NGS and new stripping chemistry, which will increase cesium removal efficiency in MCU. Possible implementation of the NGS chemistry in MCU accomplishes two objectives. MCU serves as a demonstration facility for improved flowsheet deployment at SWPF; operating with NGS and boric acid validates improved cesium removal performance and increased throughput as well as confirms Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) ability to vitrify waste streams containing boron. NGS implementation at MCU also aids the ARP/MCU LE operation, mitigating the impacts of delays and sustaining operations until other technology is able to come on-line.

Samadi-Dezfouli, Azadeh

2012-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

329

NEXT GENERATION SOLVENT MATERIALS COMPATIBILITY WITH POLYMER COMPONENTS WITHIN MODULAR CAUSTIC-SIDE SOLVENT EXTRACTION UNIT  

SciTech Connect

The Office of Waste Processing, within the Office of Technology Innovation and Development, is funding the development of an enhanced solvent for deployment at the Savannah River Site for removal of cesium from High Level Waste. The technical effort is collaboration between Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL), and Argonne National Laboratory. The first deployment target for the technology is within the Modular Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction Unit (MCU). Deployment of a new chemical within an existing facility requires verification that the chemical components are compatible with the installed equipment. In the instance of a new organic solvent, the primary focus is on compatibility of the solvent with organic polymers used in the facility. This report provides the data from exposing these polymers to the Next Generation Solvent (NGS). The test was conducted over six months. An assessment of the dimensional stability of polymers present in MCU (i.e., PEEK, Grafoil{reg_sign}, Tefzel{reg_sign} and Isolast{reg_sign}) in the modified NGS (where the concentration of the guanidine suppressor and MaxCalix was varied systematically) showed that guanidine (LIX{reg_sign}79) selectively affected Tefzel{reg_sign} (by an increase in size and lowering its density). The copolymer structure of Tefzel{reg_sign} and possibly its porosity allows for the easier diffusion of guanidine. Tefzel{reg_sign} is used as the seat material in some of the valves at MCU. Long term exposure to guanidine, may make the valves hard to operate over time due to the seat material (Tefzel{reg_sign}) increasing in size. However, since the physical changes of Tefzel{reg_sign} in the improved solvent are comparable to the changes in the CSSX baseline solvent, no design changes are needed with respect to the Tefzel{reg_sign} seating material. PEEK, Grafoil{reg_sign} and Isolast{reg_sign} were not affected by guanidine and MaxCalix within six months of exposure. The initial rapid weight gain observed in every polymer is assigned to the finite and limited uptake of Isopar{reg_sign} L/Modifier by the polymers probably due to the polymers porosity and rough surfaces. Spectroscopic data on the organic liquid and the polymer surfaces showed no preferential adsorption of any component in the NGS to the polymers and no leachate was observed in the NGS from any of the polymers studied.

Fondeur, F.; Peters, T.; Fink, S.

2011-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

330

Observation of Associated Near-Side and Away-Side Long-Range Correlations in sNN=5.02??TeV Proton-Lead Collisions with the ATLAS Detector  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two-particle correlations in relative azimuthal angle (??) and pseudorapidity (??) are measured in sNN=5.02??TeV p+Pb collisions using the ATLAS detector at the LHC. The measurements are performed using approximately 1???b-1 of data as a function of transverse momentum (pT) and the transverse energy (?ETPb) summed over 3.1side” (???0) correlation that grows rapidly with increasing ?ETPb. A long-range “away-side” (????) correlation, obtained by subtracting the expected contributions from recoiling dijets and other sources estimated using events with small ?ETPb, is found to match the near-side correlation in magnitude, shape (in ?? and ??) and ?ETPb dependence. The resultant ?? correlation is approximately symmetric about ?/2, and is consistent with a dominant cos?2?? modulation for all ?ETPb ranges and particle pT.

G. Aad et al. (ATLAS Collaboration)

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Temporal characteristics of polarization holographic gratings formed in a photosensitive polymeric film containing N-benzylideneaniline derivative side groups  

SciTech Connect

A polarization holographic grating was recorded in a transparent thin film formed from polymethacrylate with N-benzylideneaniline (NBA) derivative side groups. We measured the real time diffraction properties. The data were analyzed based on a theoretical model that accounted for the distribution of optical anisotropy caused by molecular reorientation as well as for surface relief (SR) deformation caused by molecular motion. Optical anisotropy rapidly increased and then slowly decreased, with increasing recording time. This phenomenon was described based on photoisomerization and photocleavage reactions of the NBA side groups. SR deformation was also induced in the film by polarization holographic recording, without any subsequent processes. The photoinduced optical anisotropy and SR deformation were retained after the recording was turned off.

Sasaki, Tomoyuki, E-mail: sasaki-tomoy@vos.nagaokaut.ac.jp; Shoho, Takashi; Noda, Kohei; Ono, Hiroshi [Department of Electrical Engineering, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2188 (Japan); Kawatsuki, Nobuhiro [Department of Materials Science and Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Hyogo, 2167 Shosha, Himeji, Hyogo 671-2280 (Japan)

2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

332

Demand side management of a domestic dishwasher: Wind energy gains, financial savings and peak-time load reduction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ireland is currently striving to achieve an ambitious target of supplying 40% of electricity demand with renewable energy by 2020. With the vast majority of this being met by wind energy, an intermittent and non-dispatchable energy source, it is inevitable that frequent substantial curtailment will occur during times of excessive generation. This paper investigates the potential for demand side management to limit the requirement for curtailment and further facilitate the integration of renewable energy by shifting the timing of electrical demand in response to various signals including pricing and wind availability. Using a domestic dishwasher as an example, significant increases in the amount of renewable electricity consumed are demonstrated with simultaneous financial savings for the consumer. Furthermore, secondary benefits such as peak-time demand reductions in excess of 60% are observed. The impact of employing demand side management based on imperfect day-ahead market predictions is also analysed and the resulting deficiencies are quantified.

P. Finn; M. O’Connell; C. Fitzpatrick

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Tuning Structural and Mechanical Properties of Two-Dimensional Molecular Crystals: The Roles of Carbon Side Chains  

SciTech Connect

A key requirement for the future applicability of molecular electronics devices is a resilience of their properties to mechanical deformation. At present, however, there is no fundamental understanding of the origins of mechanical properties of molecular films. Here we use quinacridone, which possesses flexible carbon side chains, as a model molecular system to address this issue. Eight molecular configurations with different molecular coverage are identified by scanning tunneling microscopy. Theoretical calculations reveal quantitatively the roles of different molecule-molecule and molecule-substrate interactions and predict the observed sequence of configurations. Remarkably, we find that a single Young's modulus applies for all configurations, the magnitude of which is controlled by side chain length, suggesting a versatile avenue for tuning not only the physical and chemical properties of molecular films but also their elastic properties.

Cun, Huanyao (HY) [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Science; Wang, Yeliang (YL) [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Science; Du, S X [Chinese Academy of Sciences; Zhang, Lei [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Science; Zhang, Lizhi [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Science; Yang, Bing [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Science; He, Xiaobo [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Science; Wang, Yue [Jilin University, Changchun; Zhu, Xueyan [Chinese Academy of Sciences; Yuan, Quanzi [Chinese Academy of Sciences; Zhao, Ya-Pu [Chinese Academy of Sciences; Ouyang, Min [University of Maryland; Hofer, Werner A. [University of Liverpool; Pennycook, Stephen J [ORNL; Gao, Hong-jun [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Science

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

The design and construction of a double-sided Silicon Microvertex Detector for the L3 experiment at CERN  

SciTech Connect

A Silicon Microvertex Detector (SMD) has been commissioned for the L3 experiment at the Large Electron-Positron colliding-beam accelerator (LEP) at the European Center for Nuclear Physics, (CERN). The SMD is a 72,672 channel, two layer barrel tracker that is comprised of 96 ac-coupled, double-sided silicon detectors. Details of the design and construction are presented.

Adam, A. [Technical Univ., Budapest (Hungary). Physical Inst.; Ahlen, S.; Marin, A.; Zhou, B. [Boston Univ., MA (United States); Ambrosi, G.; Babucci, E.; Bertucci, B.; Biasini, M.; Bilei, G.M.; Caria, M.; Checcucci, B.; Easo, S.; Fiandrini, E.; Krastev, V.R.; Massetti, R.; Pauluzzi, M.; Santocchia, A.; Servoli, L. [INFN/Universita di Perugia (Italy); Baschirotto, A.; Bosetti, M.; Pensotti, S.; Rancoita, P.G.; Rattaggi, M.; Terzi, G. [INFN/Universita di Milano (Italy); Battiston, R. [CERN, Geneva (Switzerland)]|[INFN/Universita di Perugia (Italy); Bay, A.; Burger, W.J.; Extermann, P.; Perrin, E.; Susinno, G.F. [Univ. of Geneva (Switzerland); Bencze, G.Y.L.; Kornis, J.; Toth, J. [KFKI/Research Inst. for Particle and Nuclear Physics, Budapest (Hungary); Bobbink, G.J.; Duinker, P. [NIKHEF, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Brooks, M.L.; Coan, T.E.; Kapustinsky, J.S.; Kinnison, W.W.; Lee, D.M.; Mills, G.B.; Thompson, T.C. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Busenitz, J.; DiBitonto, D. [Univ. of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL (United States); Camps, C.; Commichau, V.; Hangartner, K.; Schmitz, P. [RWTH, Aachen (Germany). 3. Physikalisches Institut; Castellini, G. [INFN/IROE, Firenze (Italy); Chen, A.; Hou, S.; Lin, W.T. [NCU, Chung/Li (Taiwan, Province of China); Gougas, A.; Kim, D.; Paul, T. [Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States); Hauviller, C.; Herve, A.; Josa, I. [CERN, Geneva (Switzerland); Landi, G. [INFN/Universita di Firenze (Italy); Lebeau, M. [LAPP, Annecy (France); Lecomte, P.; Viertel, G.M.; Waldmeier, S. [ETH Zurich (Switzerland); Leiste, R. [CERN, Geneva (Switzerland)]|[DESY-IFH, Zeuthen (Germany); Lejeune, E.; Weill, R. [Univ. of Lausanne (Switzerland); Lohmann, W.; Nowak, H.; Sachwitz, M.; Schoeniech, B.; Tonisch, F.; Trowitzsch, G.; Vogt, H. [DESY-IFH, Zeuthen (Germany); Passaleva, G. [INFN/Universita di Firenze (Italy)]|[INFN/Universita di Perugia (Italy); Yeh, S.C. [National Tsing Hua Univ., Hsinchu (Taiwan)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Influence of the Position of the Side Chain on Crystallization and Solar Cell Performance of DPP-Based Small Molecules  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Three isomeric ?-conjugated molecules based on diketopyrrolopyrrole and bithiophene (DPP2T) substituted with hexyl side chains in different positions are investigated for use in solution-processed organic solar cells. ... Solution-processed organic photovoltaic cells are considered to be a viable option in meeting the future global energy demand when high efficiencies can be combined with fast printing production techniques. ... solar cell based on merocyanine dyes - traditional colorants that can easily be mass-produced and purified - is presented. ...

Veronique S. Gevaerts; Eva M. Herzig; Mindaugas Kirkus; Koen H. Hendriks; Martijn M. Wienk; Jan Perlich; Peter Müller-Buschbaum; René A. J. Janssen

2013-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

336

Full counting statistics as a probe of quantum coherence in a side-coupled double quantum dot system  

SciTech Connect

We study theoretically the full counting statistics of electron transport through side-coupled double quantum dot (QD) based on an efficient particle-number-resolved master equation. It is demonstrated that the high-order cumulants of transport current are more sensitive to the quantum coherence than the average current, which can be used to probe the quantum coherence of the considered double QD system. Especially, quantum coherence plays a crucial role in determining whether the super-Poissonian noise occurs in the weak inter-dot hopping coupling regime depending on the corresponding QD-lead coupling, and the corresponding values of super-Poissonian noise can be relatively enhanced when considering the spins of conduction electrons. Moreover, this super-Poissonian noise bias range depends on the singly-occupied eigenstates of the system, which thus suggests a tunable super-Poissonian noise device. The occurrence-mechanism of super-Poissonian noise can be understood in terms of the interplay of quantum coherence and effective competition between fast-and-slow transport channels. -- Highlights: •The FCS can be used to probe the quantum coherence of side-coupled double QD system. •Probing quantum coherence using FCS may permit experimental tests in the near future. •The current noise characteristics depend on the quantum coherence of this QD system. •The super-Poissonian noise can be enhanced when considering conduction electron spin. •The side-coupled double QD system suggests a tunable super-Poissonian noise device.

Xue, Hai-Bin, E-mail: xuehaibin@tyut.edu.cn

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

337

Methods and sorbents for utilizing a hot-side electrostatic precipitator for removal of mercury from combustion gases  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods are provided for reducing emission of mercury from a gas stream by treating the gas with carbonaceous mercury sorbent particles to reduce the mercury content of the gas; collecting the carbonaceous mercury sorbent particles on collection plates of a hot-side ESP; periodically rapping the collection plates to release a substantial portion of the collected carbonaceous mercury sorbent particles into hoppers; and periodically emptying the hoppers, wherein such rapping and emptying are done at rates such that less than 70% of mercury adsorbed onto the mercury sorbent desorbs from the collected mercury sorbent into the gas stream.

Nelson, Sidney (Hudson, OH)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

338

Extending the eigCG algorithm to nonsymmetric Lanczos for linear systems with multiple right-hand sides  

SciTech Connect

The technique that was used to build the EigCG algorithm for sparse symmetric linear systems is extended to the nonsymmetric case using the BiCG algorithm. We show that, similarly to the symmetric case, we can build an algorithm that is capable of computing a few smallest magnitude eigenvalues and their corresponding left and right eigenvectors of a nonsymmetric matrix using only a small window of the BiCG residuals while simultaneously solving a linear system with that matrix. For a system with multiple right-hand sides, we give an algorithm that computes incrementally more eigenvalues while solving the first few systems and then uses the computed eigenvectors to deflate BiCGStab for the remaining systems. Our experiments on various test problems, including Lattice QCD, show the remarkable ability of EigBiCG to compute spectral approximations with accuracy comparable to that of the unrestarted, nonsymmetric Lanczos. Furthermore, our incremental EigBiCG followed by appropriately restarted and deflated BiCGStab provides a competitive method for systems with multiple right-hand sides.

Abdel-Rehim, A. M.; Stathopoulos, Andreas; Orginos, Kostas

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Impact of the Demand-Side Management (DSM) Program structure on the cost-effectiveness of energy efficiency projects  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) analyzed the cost-effective energy efficiency potential of Fort Drum, a customer of the Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation (NMPC) in Watertown, New York. Significant cost-effective investments were identified, even without any demand-side management (DSM) incentives from NMPC. Three NMPC DSM programs were then examined to determine the impact of participation on the cost-effective efficiency potential at the Fort. The following three utility programs were analyzed: (1) utility rebates to be paid back through surcharges, (2) a demand reduction program offered in conjunction with an energy services company, and (3) utility financing. Ultimately, utility rebates and financing were found to be the best programs for the Fort. This paper examines the influence that specific characteristics of the DSM programs had on the decision-making process of one customer. Fort Drum represents a significant demand-side resource, whose decisions regarding energy efficiency investments are based on life-cycle cost analysis subject to stringent capital constraints. The structures of the DSM programs offered by NMPC affect the cost-effectiveness of potential efficiency investments and the ability of the Fort to obtain sufficient capital to implement the projects. This paper compares the magnitude of the cost-effective resource available under each program, and the resulting level of energy and demand savings. The results of this analysis can be used to examine how DSM program structures impact the decision-making process of federal and large commercial customers.

Stucky, D.J.; Shankle, S.A.; Dixon, D.R.; Elliott, D.B.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Impact of the demand-side management (DSM) Program structure on the cost-effectiveness of energy efficiency projects  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) analyzed the cost-effective energy efficiency potential of Fort Drum, a customer of the Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation (NMPC) in Watertown, New York. Significant cost-effective investments were identified, even without any demand-side management (DSM) incentives from NMPC. Three NMPC DMS programs were then examined to determine the impact of participation on the cost-effective efficiency potential at the Fort. The following three utility programs were analyzed: (1) utility rebates to be paid back through surcharges; (2) a demand reduction program offered in conjunction with an energy services company; and (3) utility financing. Ultimately, utility rebates and financing were found to be the best programs for the Fort. This paper examines the influence that specific characteristics of the DSM programs had on the decision-making process of one customer. Fort Drum represents a significant demand-side resource, whose decisions regarding energy efficiency investments are based on life-cycle cost analysis subject to stringent capital constraints. The structures of the DSM programs offered by NMPC affect the cost-effectiveness of potential efficiency investments and the ability of the Fort to obtain sufficient capital to implement the projects. This paper compares the magnitude of the cost-effective resource available under each program, and the resulting level of energy and demand savings. The results of this analysis can be used to examine how DSM program structures impact the decision-making process of federal and large commercial customers.

Stucky, D.J.; Shankle, S.A.; Dixon, D.R.; Elliott, D.B.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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341

Model of thermally induced wavefront distortion and birefringence in side-pumped Nd-doped YAG and phosphate glass heat capacity rod lasers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We develop an analytic model to describe the dynamic average thermal distortion and phase difference between the two principal polarizations in side-pumped Nd:YAG and Nd:glass heat...

Liu, Liang; Wang, Xiaobo; Guo, Shaofeng; Xu, Xiaojun; Lu, Qisheng

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Analysis of Michigan's demand-side electricity resources in the residential sector: Volume 3, End-use studies: Revised final report  

SciTech Connect

This volume of the ''Analysis of Michigan's Demand-Side Electricity Resources in the Residential Sector'' contains end-use studies on various household appliances including: refrigerators, freezers, lighting systems, water heaters, air conditioners, space heaters, and heat pumps. (JEF)

Krause, F.; Brown, J.; Connell, D.; DuPont, P.; Greely, K.; Meal, M.; Meier, A.; Mills, E.; Nordman, B.

1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Sol-Clad-Siding and Trans-Lucent-Insulation : curtain wall components for conserving dwelling heat by passive-solar means  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A prototype for a dwelling heat loss compensator is introduced in this thesis, along with its measured thermal performance and suggestions for its future development. As a heat loss compensator, the Sol-Clad-Siding collects, ...

Iliesiu, Doru

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Northern Tool + Equipment Find the Right Fitting for Your Pressure Washer at Northern Tool! NorthernTool.com/PressureWashers Pristine Pressure Pressure/power washing in Maryland Vinyl siding cleaned, decks cleaned www.pristinepressure.com  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ability to clean while saving on our most important resources, water and energy." In recognition! NorthernTool.com/PressureWashers Pristine Pressure Pressure/power washing in Maryland Vinyl siding cleaned, decks cleaned www.pristinepressure.com Siding Cleaning Bring back the life to your siding! Estimates

Sóbester, András

345

Nonlocal coupling effects on single-photon transmission in a one-dimensional waveguide interacted with a side optical cavity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The nonlocal coupling effect between a one-dimensional waveguide (1DW) and a side optical cavity (SOC) is studied. We first find the real-space Hamiltonian of the nonlocal-coupling system of the 1DW and SOC, and then derive out an equation determining the energy of the hybridization state between the 1DW and SOC modes and an analytic formula for the single-photon transmission. Through them, we recognize that the single-photon transmission-dip position can be changed by adjusting the SOC size and the coupling strength between the 1DW and SOC. The transmission spectra strongly depends on the nonlocal-coupling function between the 1DW and SOC, and holds an asymmetry line shape. At last, we simulate the asymmetry of the single-photon transmission by a gold-based waveguide coupled with a rectangular SOC.

Zhang, Yongyou

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

The SIDE dual VIS-NIR fiber fed spectrograph for the 10.4 m Gran Telescopio Canarias  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SIDE (Super Ifu Deployable Experiment) is proposed as second-generation, common-user instrument for the GTC. It will be a low and intermediate resolution fiber fed spectrograph, highly efficient in multi-object and 3D spectroscopy. The low resolution part (R = 1500, 4000) is called Dual VIS-NIR because it will observe in the VIS and NIR bands (0.4 ~V 1.7 microns) simultaneously. Because of the large number of fibers, a set of ~10 identical spectrographs is needed, each with a mirror collimator, a dichroic and two refractive cameras. The cameras are optimized for 0.4 - 0.95 microns (VIS) and 0.95 - 1.7 microns (NIR) respectively.

Rabaza, O; Ubierna, M; Sánchez, J; Azzaro, M; Prada, F

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Experimental and numerical investigation on air-side performance of fin-and-tube heat exchangers with various fin patterns  

SciTech Connect

Air-side heat transfer and friction characteristics of five kinds of fin-and-tube heat exchangers, with the number of tube rows (N = 12) and the diameter of tubes (D{sub o} = 18 mm), have been experimentally investigated. The test samples consist of five types of fin configurations: crimped spiral fin, plain fin, slit fin, fin with delta-wing longitudinal vortex generators (VGs) and mixed fin with front 6-row vortex-generator fin and rear 6-row slit fin. The heat transfer and friction factor correlations for different types of heat exchangers were obtained with the Reynolds numbers ranging from 4000 to 10000. It was found that crimped spiral fin provides higher heat transfer and pressure drop than the other four fins. The air-side performance of heat exchangers with the above five fins has been evaluated under three sets of criteria and it was shown that the heat exchanger with mixed fin (front vortex-generator fin and rear slit fin) has better performance than that with fin with delta-wing vortex generators, and the slit fin offers best heat transfer performance at high Reynolds numbers. Based on the correlations of numerical data, Genetic Algorithm optimization was carried out, and the optimization results indicated that the increase of VG attack angle or length, or decrease of VG height may enhance the performance of vortex-generator fin. The heat transfer performances for optimized vortex-generator fin and slit fin at hand have been compared with numerical method. (author)

Tang, L.H.; Zeng, M.; Wang, Q.W. [State Key Laboratory of Multiphase Flow in Power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710049 (China)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

348

Side 1 - 2006  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Walk for Beauty...began in 1994 as a Walk for Beauty...began in 1994 as a community effort to raise awareness about breast cancer and to establish a boutique for people with cancer. The Unique Boutique, a collection of shopkeepers in Stony Brook Village Center, provides products and services for patients with cancer. The Walk for Beauty Fund enables patients with cancer to purchase wigs, prostheses and other special products through the Unique Boutique. Since 1996, the Walk for Beauty has supported breast cancer research at Stony Brook University (SBU). In 2002, the Walk broadened its scope to include prostate cancer. Proceeds from the 2006 Walk for Beauty will support breast and prostate cancer research at Stony Brook University. How It Works Walkers collect donations from family, friends and

349

Side 1 - 2005  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Walk for Beauty Walk for Beauty is open to everyone. Walk alone or form a team of family, friends and co-workers. Walk together to join the fight against breast and prostate cancer. Men, women and children of all ages are welcome. Survivors Cancer survivors are invited to pick up a special survivor's hat at the "Survivors'" table. Tribute Signs Pick up a tribute sign at the "Tribute" table on the day of the walk to wear in support or in memory of loved ones affected by cancer. Get the facts about cancer, call: Stony Brook University Hospital's CANCER HELPLINE 1.800.862.2215 American Legion Post 1880 Apple Bank for Savings April On The Green Bank of Smithtown Bryant Funeral Home Budget Print Center Calpine Corp. Carolyn D. Slawski, CPA Coca-Cola Cristie Lingerie

350

Astronomy: the Distaff Side  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Madame Curie is cited first of all, but most of the examples are taken from astronomy. The Writer recalls with amusement the bewildered expression of visitors to the Lick Observatory ... a young woman. Several examples of the valuable contributions of women to the advancement of astronomy are cited. Madame Jean André Lepaute assisted Clairaut and Lalande in the computations of ...

1944-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

351

central office side  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This one-of-a-kind reference is unmatched in the breadth and scope of its coverage and serves as the primary reference for students and professionals in computer science and communications. The Dictionary feat...

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Surveying the dark side  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......next generation of imaging surveys driven by dark-energy science typically feature...specifications for both the Dark Energy Survey (DES, see Abbott et al...References Abbott T et al. 2005 Dark Energy Survey Collaboration arXiv:astro-ph......

Roberto Trotta; Richard Bower

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

SPECIALTY SANDWICHES ADDITIONS & SIDES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/2TURKEYclubWrap...599 bone-in CHICKEN WINGS ... 519 Buffalo or BBQ Style with Buttermilk Ranch Dipping Sauce, Parmesan Cheese, Roma Tomatoes, Romaine, Lemon Wheels and Home-Style Croutons, with Caesar Dressing spicy with Passion Fruit Dressing and Tropical Salsa MediterraneanGrilled VegetableSalad... 659 Grilled Asparagus

Mills, Allen P.

354

Impact on energy requirements and emissions of heat pumps and micro-cogenerators participating in demand side management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The potential impacts of participating in demand side management (DSM) on the performance of air source heat pumps (ASHP) and micro-combined heat and power (mCHP) units are considered by this study. As significant consumers and generators of electricity at the distribution level, large numbers of heat pumps and micro-cogenerators would provide considerable scope for participation in DSM systems. However, it is possible that operating regimes which are optimised for grid considerations will not achieve the maximum performance that is possible from the units. Modelling has been conducted to investigate the significance of this effect, considering the case where local distribution constraints are the main driver for demand side interventions. A model of domestic electrical demand has been adapted to consider a neighbourhood of 128 dwellings in order to identify when interventions are necessary. This has been combined with dynamic models of two combustion engine micro-cogenerators, a solid oxide fuel cell micro-cogenerator and two ASHPs. A simple thermal model of each building is combined with a range of user preferences in order to determine the preferred operating profiles of the heating units. The DSM scheme analysed here is likely to have minimal impact on the emissions and energy requirements associated with each heating unit. Its effect is similar to that which occurs without DSM if the control system gain is relaxed such that equivalent thermal comfort is achieved. DSM can reduce the peak electrical demand of the neighbourhood. However, in the scenarios investigated, it is unlikely that the peaks can be reduced sufficiently such that they do not exceed the capacity of the local distribution transformer if \\{ASHPs\\} are used in all dwellings. By using a combination of mCHP units with ASHPs, it is possible to supply heating to all dwellings without exceeding this capacity. In this case, the use of DSM can increase the ratio of \\{ASHPs\\} used. In the context of a low carbon grid electricity supply, this will reduce the average carbon emissions associated with the neighbourhood.

Samuel J.G. Cooper; Geoffrey P. Hammond; Marcelle C. McManus; John G. Rogers

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Operating Experience and Lessons Learned in the Use of Soft-Sided Packaging for Transportation and Disposal of Low Activity Radioactive Waste  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the operating experience and lessons learned at U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) sites as a result of an evaluation of potential trailer contamination and soft-sided packaging integrity issues related to the disposal of low-level and mixed low-level (LLW/MLLW) radioactive waste shipments. Nearly 4.3 million cubic meters of LLW/MLLW will have been generated and disposed of during fiscal year (FY) 2010 to FY 2015—either at commercial disposal sites or disposal sites owned by DOE. The LLW/MLLW is packaged in several different types of regulatory compliant packaging and transported via highway or rail to disposal sites safely and efficiently in accordance with federal, state, and local regulations and DOE orders. In 1999, DOE supported the development of LLW containers that are more volumetrically efficient, more cost effective, and easier to use as compared to metal or wooden containers that existed at that time. The DOE Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL), working in conjunction with the plastic industry, tested several types of soft-sided waste packaging systems that meet U.S. Department of Transportation requirements for transport of low specific activity and surface contaminated objects. Since then, soft-sided packaging of various capacities have been used successfully by the decontamination and decommissioning (D&D) projects to package, transport, and dispose D&D wastes throughout the DOE complex. The joint team of experts assembled by the Energy Facility Contractors Group from DOE waste generating sites, DOE and commercial waste disposal facilities, and soft-sided packaging suppliers conducted the review of soft-sided packaging operations and transportation of these packages to the disposal sites. As a result of this evaluation, the team developed several recommendations and best practices to prevent or minimize the recurrences of equipment contamination issues and proper use of soft-sided packaging for transport and disposal of waste.

Kapoor, A. [DOE; Gordon, S. [NSTec; Goldston, W. [Energy Solutions

2013-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

356

Initial phase zone for phase locking to the resonance, using “main condition” of phase stability in DC-biased single-sided multipactor  

SciTech Connect

In the present work, the concept of accurate phase stability is employed to study a DC-biased single-sided multipactor. A “main condition” of phase stability was introduced in our previous studies of two-sided multipactors [M. Mostajeran, J. Instrum. 8, P04024 (2013); M. Mostajeran and M. Lamehi Rachti, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 615, 1–5 (2010)]. Using the same condition and assuming zero initial velocity for the secondary electrons, a regime of multipactors outside the resonance zones is found. The theoretical results are then verified by numerical simulation.

Mostajeran, M., E-mail: mostajeran@yazd.ac.ir [Faculty of Physics, Yazd University, P.O. Box 89195-741, Yazd (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

357

Aluminum Bronze Alloys to Improve the System Life of Basic Oxygen and Electric Arc Furnace Hoods, Roofs and Side Vents.  

SciTech Connect

Energy Industries of Ohio was the lead organization for a consortium that examined the current situation involving the service life of electric arc and basic oxygen furnace hoods, roofs and side vents. Republic Engineered Products (REP), one of the project partners, installed a full-scale Al-Bronze “skirt” in their BOF at their Lorain OH facility, believed to be the first such installation of this alloy in this service. In 24 months of operation, the Al-Bronze skirt has processed a total of 4,563 heats, requiring only 2 shutdowns for maintenance, both related to physical damage to the skirt from operational mishaps. Yearly energy savings related to the REP facility are projected to be ~ 10 billion Btu's with significant additional environmental and productivity benefits. In recognition of the excellent results, this project was selected as the winner of the Ohio’s 2006 Governor’s Award for Excellence in Energy, the state’s award for outstanding achievements in energy efficiency.

Lawrence C. Boyd Jr.; Dr. Vinod K. Sikka

2006-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

358

Evaluation of Orange and Rockland Utilities, Inc.`s competitive bidding program for demand-side resources. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The process evaluation reports on the implementation of Orange and Rockland Utilities demand-side bidding program in New York State during 1991 and 1992. The program is implemented by two energy service companies in Orange and rockland`s New York State service territory. The process evaluation methodology included interviews with utility staff (3), energy service company staff (2), and participating (6) and nonparticipating (7) utility customers. The two energy service companies had enrolled 14 customers in the program by summer 1992. One company had achieved 90% of their 2.75 MW bid and the other had achieved less than 90% of their 6.9 MW bid. Critical factors in success were determination of a reasonable bid amount for the market and marketing to the appropriate customers. Customers most interested in the program included those with limited access to capital and medium-sized firms with poor cash flows, particularly schools and hospitals. The findings also show that due to the incentive structure and associated need for substantial customer contributions, lighting measures dominate all installations. Customers, however, were interested in the potential savings and six of the nonparticipants chose to either install measures on their own or enroll in the utility`s rebate program.

Peters, J.S.; Stucky, L.; Seratt, P.; Darden-Butler, D. [Barakat and Chamberlin, Inc., Portland, OR (United States)

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Novel effects of demand side management data on accuracy of electrical energy consumption modeling and long-term forecasting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Worldwide implementation of demand side management (DSM) programs has had positive impacts on electrical energy consumption (EEC) and the examination of their effects on long-term forecasting is warranted. The objective of this study is to investigate the effects of historical DSM data on accuracy of EEC modeling and long-term forecasting. To achieve the objective, optimal artificial neural network (ANN) models based on improved particle swarm optimization (IPSO) and shuffled frog-leaping (SFL) algorithms are developed for EEC forecasting. For long-term EEC modeling and forecasting for the U.S. for 2010–2030, two historical data types used in conjunction with developed models include (i) EEC and (ii) socio-economic indicators, namely, gross domestic product, energy imports, energy exports, and population for 1967–2009 period. Simulation results from IPSO-ANN and SFL-ANN models show that using socio-economic indicators as input data achieves lower mean absolute percentage error (MAPE) for long-term EEC forecasting, as compared with EEC data. Based on IPSO-ANN, it is found that, for the U.S. EEC long-term forecasting, the addition of DSM data to socio-economic indicators data reduces MAPE by 36% and results in the estimated difference of 3592.8 MBOE (5849.9 TW h) in EEC for 2010–2030.

F.J. Ardakani; M.M. Ardehali

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Building America Case Study: Excavationless Exterior-Side Foundation Insulation for Existing Homes, Minneapolis, Minnesota (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Building science research supports installing exterior (soil side) foundation insulation as the optimal method to enhance the hygrothermal performance of new homes. With exterior foundation insulation, water management strategies are maximized while insulating the basement space and ensuring a more even temperature at the foundation wall. However, such an approach can be very costly and disruptive when applied to an existing home, requiring deep excavation around the entire house. The NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership team implemented an innovative, minimally invasive foundation insulation upgrade technique on an existing home. The approach consisted of using hydrovac excavation technology combined with a liquid insulating foam. The team was able to excavate a continuous 4" wide by 4' to 5' deep trench around the entire house, 128 linear feet, except for one small part under the stoop that was obstructed with concrete debris. The combination pressure washer and vacuum extraction technology also enabled the elimination of large trenches and soil stockpiles normally produced by backhoe excavation. The resulting trench was filled with liquid insulating foam, which also served as a water-control layer of the assembly. The insulation was brought above grade using a liquid foam/rigid foam hybrid system and terminated at the top of the rim joist. Cost savings over the traditional excavation process ranged from 23% to 50%. The excavationless process could result in even greater savings since replacement of building structures, exterior features, utility meters, and landscaping would be minimal or non-existent in an excavationless process.

NorthernSTAR

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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361

Demand-side management in smart grid operation considering electric vehicles load shifting and vehicle-to-grid support  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Demand fluctuation in electric power systems is undesirable from many points of view; this has sparked an interest in demand-side strategies that try to establish mechanisms that allow for a flatter demand curve. Particularly interesting is load shifting, a strategy that considers the shifting of certain amounts of energy demand from some time periods to other time periods with lower expected demand, typically in response to price signals. In this paper, an optimization-based model is proposed to perform load shifting in the context of smart grids. In our model, we define agents that are responsible for load, generation and storage management; in particular, some of them are electric vehicle aggregators. An important feature of the proposed approach is the inclusion of electric vehicles with vehicle-to-grid capabilities; with this possibility, electric vehicles can provide certain services to the power grid, including load shifting and congestion management. Results are reported for a test system based on the IEEE 37-bus distribution grid; the effectiveness of the approach and the effect of the hourly energy prices on flattening the load curve are shown.

M.A. López; S. de la Torre; S. Martín; J.A. Aguado

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Performance analysis of short-side-chain Aquivion® perfluorosulfonic acid polymer for proton exchange membrane water electrolysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract An Aquivion® E87-12 S short-side-chain perfluorosulfonic acid (SSC-PFSA) membrane with equivalent weight (EW) of 870 g/eq and 120 ?m thickness produced by Solvay Specialty Polymers was tested in a polymer electrolyte membrane water electrolyzer (PEMWE). For comparison, a benchmark Nafion® N115 membrane (EW 1100 g/eq) of similar thickness was investigated under similar operating conditions. Both membranes were tested in conjunction with in-house prepared unsupported IrO2 anode and carbon-supported Pt cathode electrocatalysts. The electrocatalysts consisted of nanosized IrO2 and Pt particles (particle size ~2–4 nm). Electrochemical tests showed better water splitting performance for the Aquivion® membrane and ionomer based membrane-electrode assembly (MEA) as compared to Nafion®. Lower ohmic drop constraints and smaller polarization resistance were observed for the electrocatalyst–Aquivion® ionomer interface indicating a better catalyst–electrolyte interface. A current density of 3.2 A cm?2 for water electrolysis was recorded at 1.8 V cell voltage and 90 °C with the Aquivion® based MEA. Some performance decay with time was observed indicating that the system requires further optimization of the interface characteristics.

S. Siracusano; V. Baglio; A. Stassi; L. Merlo; E. Moukheiber; A.S. Arico?

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Proton exchange membrane water electrolysis with short-side-chain Aquivion® membrane and IrO2 anode catalyst  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A series of three membrane types has been screened for medium temperature solid polymer electrolyte water electrolysis in membrane electrode assemblies coated with 2 mg cm?2 of iridium oxide as a catalyst for the oxygen evolution reaction, synthesised via a hydrolysis method from the hexachloroiridic acid precursor, and deposited on the membrane either directly by spray deposition or by decal transfer. The short-side-chain perfluorosulfonic acid Aquivion® ionomer of equivalent weight 870 meq g?1, in membranes of thickness 120 ?m, gives higher water electrolysis performance at 120 °C than a composite membrane of Aquivion® with zirconium phosphate, while a sulfonated ether-linked polybenzimidazole, sulfonated poly-[(1-(4,4?-diphenylether)-5-oxybenzimidazole)-benzimidazole], shows promising performance and no transport limitations up to 2 A cm?2. The lowest cell voltage was observed at 120 °C for an MEA prepared using spray-coating directly on the Aquivion® membrane, 1.57 V at 1 A cm?2.

Anita Skulimowska; Marc Dupont; Marta Zaton; Svein Sunde; Luca Merlo; Deborah J. Jones; Jacques Rozière

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Analysis of energy saving potential of air-side free cooling for data centers in worldwide climate zones  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Based on the climate classification of ASHRAE 90.1 and the required operating environment conditions for data centers suggested by the ASHRAE Technical Committee TC 9.9, a dynamic building energy simulation program was used to examine the potential energy savings of the air-side free cooling technology with differential enthalpy control used in data centers in 17 climate zones. The results showed that significant free cooling potential was achieved in data centers located in mixed-humid, warm-marine, and mixed-marine climate zones. Because significant humidification is required to adjust outdoor air in climate zones with a lower dew point temperature, such as very-cold, subarctic, cool-dry, and cold-dry climate zones, the power consumed is even higher. Although the cooling degree day (CDD) and heating degree day (HDD) are key factors of climate classification and air conditioning energy consumption, they are not entirely correlated to the specific operating environment conditions of data centers. The results of this study showed that for every 2 °C decline in the indoor temperature of a data center, the energy saving of free cooling technology may decrease by 2.8–8.5%. The rate of decline varies in different climate zones.

Kuei-Peng Lee; Hsiang-Lun Chen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

The Dark Side of the Web: An Open Proxy's View Vivek S. Pai, Limin Wang, KyoungSoo Park, Ruoming Pang, and Larry Peterson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Dark Side of the Web: An Open Proxy's View Vivek S. Pai, Limin Wang, KyoungSoo Park, Ruoming with other resources on the Web. While such interaction can easily attract clients and traffic, our expe, deployed on PlanetLab, uses a network of caching Web proxy servers to intelligently dis- tribute and cache

Pai, Vivek

366

Examining influencing factors of post-adoption usage of mobile internet: Focus on the user perception of supplier-side attributes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Key supplier-side factors that affect the usage level of mobile Internet were identified and the procedural mechanism among the independent and dependent variables was investigated. For this, a research model was introduced to describe associations among ... Keywords: Mobile data services, Mobile internet, Mobile internet services, Post-adoption usage, Technology acceptance

Young Mee Shin; Seung Chang Lee; Bongsik Shin; Ho Geun Lee

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Compounds having aromatic rings and side-chain amide-functionality and a method for transporting monovalent anions across biological membranes using the same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compound containing at least two aromatic rings covalently bonded together, with each aromatic ring containing at least one oxyacetamide-based side chain, the compound being capable of forming a chloride ion channel across a lipid bilayer, and transporting chloride ion across the lipid bilayer.

Davis, Jeffery T. (College Park, MD); Sidorov, Vladimir (Richmond, VA); Kotch, Frank W. (New Phila., PA)

2008-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

368

DSM Program Development. The demand-side resource options were developed using a combination of internal engineering estimates and external consulting services. The  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DSM Program Development. The demand-side resource options were developed using a combination analysis. Screening Criteria. The DSM screening criteria were designed to assess a program's potential taken into consideration when looking at selecting DSM programs. · Programs will be cost-effective. From

369

LANIER, BRYAN KEITH. Study in the Improvement in Strength and Stiffness Capacity of Steel Multi-sided Monopole Towers Utilizing Carbon Fiber Reinforced  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multi-sided Monopole Towers Utilizing Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymers as a Retrofitting Mechanism a strengthening solution utilizing high-modulus carbon fiber polymers as a retrofitting mechanism for monopole the behavior and validates the effectiveness of carbon fiber in increasing the flexural capacity of existing

370

Efficient AUV Navigation Fusing Acoustic Ranging and Side-scan Sonar Maurice F. Fallon, Michael Kaess, Hordur Johannsson and John J. Leonard  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

modems and relative pose constraints arising from targets detected in side-scan sonar im- ages -- particularly in sparse marine environments. A key feature of our approach is its intended scalability to single-scan sonar, initially developed by the US Navy, has been widely used for ship, ROV and AUV survey since its

Kaess, Michael

371

An Integrated Power Pack of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell and Li Battery Based on Double-Sided TiO2 Nanotube Arrays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is based on a silicon solar panel and a solid-state lithium battery as the two independent parts, whichAn Integrated Power Pack of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell and Li Battery Based on Double-Sided TiO2 harvest and storage processes. This power pack incorporates a series-wound dye- sensitized solar cell

Wang, Zhong L.

372

Alkaline-Side Extraction of Cesium from Savannah River Tank Waste Using a Calixarene-Crown Ether Extractant  

SciTech Connect

Results are presented supporting the viability of the alkaline-side CSEX process as a potential replacement for the In-Tank Precipitation process for removal of cesium from aqueous high-level waste (HLW) at the Savannah River Site (SRS). Under funding from the USDOE Efficient Separations and Crosscutting program, a flowsheet was suggested in early June of 1998, and in the following four months, this flowsheet underwent extensive testing, both in batch tests at ORNL and ANL and in two centrifugal-contactor tests at ANL. To carry out these tests, the initial ESP funding was augmented by direct funds from Westinghouse Savannah River Corporation. The flowsheet employed a solvent containing a calixarene-crown hybrid compound called BoBCalixC6 that was invented at ORNL and can now be obtained commercially for government use from IBC Advanced Technologies. This special extractant is so powerful and selective that it can be used at only 0.01 M, compensating for its expense, but a modifier is required for use in an aliphatic diluent, primarily to increase the cesium distribution ratio D{sub Cs} in extraction. The modifier selected is a relatively economical fluorinated alcohol called Cs3, invented at ORNL and so far available. only from ORNL. For the flowsheet, the modifier is used at 0.2 M in the branched aliphatic kerosene Isopar{reg_sign} L. Testing at ORNL and ANL involved simulants of the SRS HLW. After extraction of the Cs from the waste simulant, the solvent is scrubbed with 0.05 M HNO{sub 3} and stripped with a solution comprised of 0.0005 M HNO{sub 3} and 0.0001 M CsNO{sub 3}. The selection of these conditions is justified in this report, both on the basis of experimental data and underlying theory.

Bonnesen, P.V.; Delmau, L.H.; Haverlock, T.J.; Moyer, B.A.

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

A common intermediate for N2 formation in enzymes and zeolites: side-on Cu-nitrosyl complexes  

SciTech Connect

Understanding the mechanisms of catalytic processes requires the identification of reaction centers and key intermediates, both of which are often achieved by the use of spectroscopic characterization tools. Due to the heterogeneity of active centers in heterogeneous catalysts, it is frequently difficult to identify the specific sites that are responsible for the overall activity. Furthermore, the simultaneous presence of a large number of surface species on the catalyst surface often poses a great challenge for the unambiguous determination of the relevant species in the reaction mechanism. In contrast, enzymes possess catalytically active centers with precisely defined coordination environments that are only able to accommodate intermediates relevant to the specific catalytic process. Here we show that side-on Cu+-NO+ complexes characterized by high magnetic field solid state magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopies are the key intermediates in the selective catalytic reduction of NO over Cu-SSZ-13 zeolite catalysts. Analogous intermediates have been observed and characterized in nitrite reductase enzymes, and shown to be the critical intermediates in the formation of N2 for anaerobic ammonium oxidation reactions.[1] The identification of this key reaction intermediate, combined with the results of our prior kinetic studies, allows us to propose a new reaction mechanism for the selective catalytic reduction of NO with NH3 under oxygen-rich environments over Cu-SSZ-13 zeolites, a key reaction in automotive emission control. The authors acknowledge the US Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy/Vehicle Technologies Program for the support of this work. The research described in this paper was performed at the Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL), a national scientific user facility sponsored by the DOE’s Office of Biological and Environmental Research and located at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). PNNL is operated for the US DOE by Battelle Memorial Institute.

Kwak, Ja Hun; Lee, Jong H.; Burton, Sarah D.; Lipton, Andrew S.; Peden, Charles HF; Szanyi, Janos

2013-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

374

Evaluation of an alkaline-side solvent extraction process for cesium removal from SRS tank waste using laboratory-scale centrifugal contactors  

SciTech Connect

An alkaline-side solvent extraction process for cesium removal from Savannah River Site (SRS) tank waste was evaluated experimentally using a laboratory-scale centrifugal contactor. Single-stage and multistage tests were conducted with this contactor to determine hydraulic performance, stage efficiency, and general operability of the process flowsheet. The results and conclusions of these tests are reported along with those from various supporting tests. Also discussed is the ability to scale-up from laboratory- to plant-scale operation when centrifugal contractors are used to carry out the solvent extraction process. While some problems were encountered, a promising solution for each problem has been identified. Overall, this alkaline-side cesium extraction process appears to be an excellent candidate for removing cesium from SRS tank waste.

Leonard, R. A.; Conner, C.; Liberatore, M. W.; Sedlet, J.; Aase, S. B.; Vandegrift, G. F.

1999-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

375

Unbalanced-grid-fault ride-through control for a doubly fed induction generator wind turbine with series grid-side converter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The grid codes now require doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) wind turbines having the "low voltage ride-through (LVRT)" capability. However, a traditional DFIG with a partially rated back-to-back converter has inherent difficulties to ride through ... Keywords: doubly fed induction generator (DFIG), low voltage ride-through (LVRT), series grid-side converter (SGSC), unbalanced grid fault, voltage dips, voltage sags, wind power generation, wind turbine

Yong Liao; Hui Li; Jun Yao

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

A comparative analysis of 3D conformal deep inspiratory–breath hold and free-breathing intensity-modulated radiation therapy for left-sided breast cancer  

SciTech Connect

Patients undergoing radiation for left-sided breast cancer have increased rates of coronary artery disease. Free-breathing intensity-modulated radiation therapy (FB-IMRT) and 3-dimensional conformal deep inspiratory–breath hold (3D-DIBH) reduce cardiac irradiation. The purpose of this study is to compare the dose to organs at risk in FB-IMRT vs 3D-DIBH for patients with left-sided breast cancer. Ten patients with left-sided breast cancer had 2 computed tomography scans: free breathing and voluntary DIBH. Optimization of the IMRT plan was performed on the free-breathing scan using 6 noncoplanar tangential beams. The 3D-DIBH plan was optimized on the DIBH scan and used standard tangents. Mean volumes of the heart, the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD), the total lung, and the right breast receiving 5% to 95% (5% increments) of the prescription dose were calculated. Mean volumes of the heart and the LAD were lower (p<0.05) in 3D-DIBH for volumes receiving 5% to 80% of the prescription dose for the heart and 5% for the LAD. Mean dose to the LAD and heart were lower in 3D-DIBH (p?0.01). Mean volumes of the total lung were lower in FB-IMRT for dose levels 20% to 75% (p<0.05), but mean dose was not different. Mean volumes of the right breast were not different for any dose; however, mean dose was lower for 3D-DIBH (p = 0.04). 3D-DIBH is an alternative approach to FB-IMRT that provides a clinically equivalent treatment for patients with left-sided breast cancer while sparing organs at risk with increased ease of implementation.

Reardon, Kelli A.; Read, Paul W.; Morris, Monica M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA (United States); Reardon, Michael A. [Department of Radiology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA (United States); Geesey, Constance [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA (United States); Wijesooriya, Krishni, E-mail: kw5wx@hscmail.mcc.virginia.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

NEXT GENERATION SOLVENT-MATERIALS COMPATIBILITY WITH POLYMER COMPONENTS WITHIN MODULAR CAUSTIC-SIDE SOLVENT EXTRACTION UNIT (FINAL REPORT)  

SciTech Connect

The Office of Waste Processing, within the Office of Technology Innovation and Development, is funding the development of an enhanced solvent for deployment at the Savannah River Site for removal of cesium from High Level Waste. The technical effort is collaboration between Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL), and Argonne National Laboratory. The first deployment target for the technology is within the Modular Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction Unit (MCU). Deployment of a new chemical within an existing facility requires verification that the chemical components are compatible with the installed equipment. In the instance of a new organic solvent, the primary focus is on compatibility of the solvent with organic polymers used in the facility. This report provides the data from exposing these polymers to the Next Generation Solvent (NGS). The test was conducted over six months. An assessment of the dimensional stability of polymers present in MCU (i.e., PEEK, Grafoil, Tefzel and Isolast) in the modified NGS (where the concentration of LIX{reg_sign}79 and MaxCalix was varied systematically) showed that LIX{reg_sign}79 selectively affected Tefzel and its different grades (by an increase in size and lowering its density). The copolymer structure of Tefzel and possibly its porosity allows for the easier diffusion of LIX{reg_sign}79. Tefzel is used as the seat material in some of the valves at MCU. Long term exposure to LIX{reg_sign}79, may make the valves hard to operate over time due to the seat material (Tefzel) increasing in size. However, since the physical changes of Tefzel in the improved solvent are comparable to the changes in the CSSX baseline solvent, no design changes are needed with respect to the Tefzel seating material. PEEK, Grafoil and Isolast were not affected by LIX{reg_sign}79 and MaxCalix within six months of exposure. The initial rapid weight gain observed in every polymer is assigned to the finite and limited uptake of Isopar{reg_sign} L/Modifier by the polymers probably due to the polymers porosity and rough surfaces. Spectroscopic data on the organic liquid and the polymer surfaces showed no preferential adsorption of any component in the NGS to the polymers and with the exception of CPVC, no leachate was observed in the NGS from any of the polymers studied. The testing shows no major concerns for compatibility over the short duration of these tests but does indicate that longer duration exposure studies are warranted, especially for Tefzel. However, the physical changes experienced by Tefzel in the improved solvent were comparable to the physical changes obtained when Tefzel is placed in CSSX baseline solvent. Therefore, there is no effect of the improved solvent beyond those observed in CSSX baseline solvent.

Fondeur, F.; Peters, T.; Fink, S.

2012-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

378

Removing the Pattern Noise from all STIS Side-2 CCD data Rolf A. Jansen , Rogier Windhorst, Hwihyun Kim (ASU), Nimish Hathi (UCR), Paul Goudfrooij (STScI), & Nicholas Collins (WyleIS/GSFC)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Removing the Pattern Noise from all STIS Side-2 CCD data Rolf A. Jansen , Rogier Windhorst, Hwihyun-1404; Rolf.Jansen@asu.edu Abstract When HST/STIS resumed operations in July 2001 using its redundant "Side noise from raw STIS CCD frames (Jansen et al. 2003; Brown 2001). We report on a Cycle 16/17 Archival

Jansen, Rolf Arthur

379

From Helical Array to Porous Architecture:? Exploring the Use of Side Chains of Amino Acids to Engineer 1D Infinite Coordination Polymeric Chain into Porous Frameworks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

From Helical Array to Porous Architecture:? Exploring the Use of Side Chains of Amino Acids to Engineer 1D Infinite Coordination Polymeric Chain into Porous Frameworks ... State Key Laboratory of Structural Chemistry, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou, 350002, China, and Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Minjiang University, Fuzhou, 350108, China ... 5 The coordination mode of organic ligands could transform the coordination environment of the metal center, which could direct the linker to connect discrete metal complexes into a specific extended structure. ...

Ben-Yong Lou; Fei-Long Jiang; Ben-Lai Wu; Da-Qiang Yuan; Mao-Chun Hong

2006-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

380

A Case Study of a Commissioning Process for Demand Side Energy Conservation of the Large Heat Source Plant in Kyoto Station Building-APCBC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-09-20 Proceedings of the 14th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Beijing, China, September 14-17, 2014 21 Total effect by turning for both substation and plant control (FY2011 vs FY2013) ? The electric power consumption compared for 3 years.... ? In the first year (FY2012), we carried out only the parameter tuning for substation control based on the data analysis. ? In the second year (FY2013), we carried out the control parameter tuning of the heat source side in addition to the tuning...

Matsushita, N.; Yoshida,H.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

N-Terminal Pro-B-Type Natriuretic Peptide Plasma Levels as a Potential Biomarker for Cardiac Damage After Radiotherapy in Patients With Left-Sided Breast Cancer  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) after breast-conserving surgery has been associated with increased cardiovascular mortality. Cardiac biomarkers may aid in identifying patients with radiation-mediated cardiac dysfunction. We evaluated the correlation between N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and troponin (TnI) and the dose of radiation to the heart in patients with left-sided breast cancer. Methods and Materials: NT-proBNP and TnI plasma concentrations were measured in 30 left-sided breast cancer patients (median age, 55.0 years) 5 to 22 months after RT (Group I) and in 30 left-sided breast cancer patients (median age, 57.0 years) before RT as control group (Group II). Dosimetric and geometric parameters of heart and left ventricle were determined in all patients of Group I. Seventeen patients underwent complete two-dimensional echocardiography. Results: NT-proBNP levels were significantly higher (p = 0.03) in Group I (median, 90.0 pg/ml; range, 16.7-333.1 pg/ml) than in Group II (median, 63.2 pg/ml; range, 11.0-172.5 pg/ml). TnI levels remained below the cutoff threshold of 0.07 ng/ml in both groups. In patients with NT-proBNP values above the upper limit of 125 pg/ml, there were significant correlations between plasma levels and V{sub 3Gy}(%) (p = 0.001), the ratios D{sub 15cm{sup 3}}(Gy)/D{sub mean}(Gy) (p = 0.01), the ratios D{sub 15cm}{sup 3}/D{sub 50%} (Gy) (p = 0.008) for the heart and correlations between plasma levels and V{sub 2Gy} (%) (p = 0.002), the ratios D{sub 1cm{sup 3}}(Gy)/D{sub mean}(Gy) (p = 0.03), and the ratios D{sub 0.5cm{sup 3}}(Gy)/D{sub 50%}(Gy) (p = 0.05) for the ventricle. Conclusions: Patients with left-sided breast cancer show higher values of NT-pro BNP after RT when compared with non-RT-treated matched patients, increasing in correlation with high doses in small volumes of heart and ventricle. The findings of this study show that the most important parameters are not the mean doses but instead the small percentage of organ volumes (heart or ventricle) receiving high dose levels, supporting the notion that the heart behaves as a serial organ.

D'Errico, Maria P., E-mail: patderrico@libero.it [Department of Laboratory Medicine, 'A. Perrino' Hospital, Brindisi (Italy); Grimaldi, Luca [Department of Medical Physics, 'A. Perrino' Hospital, Brindisi (Italy); Petruzzelli, Maria F. [Department of Radiation Oncology, 'A. Perrino' Hospital, Brindisi (Italy); Gianicolo, Emilio A.L. [Clinical Physiology Institute, National Research Council (IFC-CNR), Pisa-Lecce (Italy); Tramacere, Francesco [Department of Radiation Oncology, 'A. Perrino' Hospital, Brindisi (Italy); Monetti, Antonio; Placella, Roberto [Department of Laboratory Medicine, 'A. Perrino' Hospital, Brindisi (Italy); Pili, Giorgio [Department of Medical Physics, 'A. Perrino' Hospital, Brindisi (Italy); Andreassi, Maria Grazia; Sicari, Rosa; Picano, Eugenio [Clinical Physiology Institute, National Research Council (IFC-CNR), Pisa-Lecce (Italy); Portaluri, Maurizio [Department of Radiation Oncology, 'A. Perrino' Hospital, Brindisi (Italy); Clinical Physiology Institute, National Research Council (IFC-CNR), Pisa-Lecce (Italy)

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Impacts of Western Area Power Administration`s power marketing alternatives on utility demand-side management and conservation and renewable energy programs  

SciTech Connect

The Western Area Power Administration (Western) requires all of its long-term firm power customers to implement programs that promote the conservation of electric energy or facilitate the use of renewable energy resources. Western has also proposed that all customers develop integrated resource plans that include cost-effective demand-side management programs. As part of the preparation of Western`s Electric Power Marketing Environmental Impact Statement, Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) developed estimates of the reductions in energy demand resulting from Western`s conservation and renewable energy activities in its Salt Lake City Area Office. ANL has also estimated the energy-demand reductions from cost-effective, demand-side management programs that could be included in the integrated resource plans of the customers served by Western`s Salt Lake City Area Office. The results of this study have been used to adjust the expected hourly demand for Western`s major systems in the Salt Lake City Area. The expected hourly demand served as the basis for capacity expansion plans develops with ANL`s Production and Capacity Expansion (PACE) model.

Cavallo, J.D.; Germer, M.F.; Tompkins, M.M.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

DEMONSTRATION OF THE NEXT-GENERATION CAUSTIC-SIDE SOLVENT EXTRACTION SOLVENT WITH 2-CM CENTRIGUGAL CONTRACTORS USING TANK 49H WASTE AND WASTE SIMULANT  

SciTech Connect

Researchers successfully demonstrated the chemistry and process equipment of the Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX) flowsheet using MaxCalix for the decontamination of high level waste (HLW). The demonstration was completed using a 12-stage, 2-cm centrifugal contactor apparatus at the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL). This represents the first CSSX process demonstration of the MaxCalix solvent system with Savannah River Site (SRS) HLW. Two tests lasting 24 and 27 hours processed non-radioactive simulated Tank 49H waste and actual Tank 49H HLW, respectively. A solvent extraction system for removal of cesium from alkaline solutions was developed utilizing a novel solvent invented at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). This solvent consists of a calix[4]arene-crown-6 extractant dissolved in an inert hydrocarbon matrix. A modifier is added to the solvent to enhance the extraction power of the calixarene and to prevent the formation of a third phase. An additional additive is used to improve stripping performance and to mitigate the effects of any surfactants present in the feed stream. The process that deploys this solvent system is known as Caustic Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX). The solvent system has been deployed at the Savannah River Site (SRS) in the Modular CSSX Unit (MCU) since 2008.

Pierce, R.; Peters, T.; Crowder, M.; Pak, D.; Fink, S.; Blessing, R.; Washington, A.; Caldwell, T.

2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

384

IRSP (integrated resource strategic planning) with interconnected smart grids in integrating renewable energy and implementing DSM (demand side management) in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The China's electricity consumption was 4966 TWh in 2012, which is the world top electricity consumer. The low carbon electricity is one of the key issues of its sustainable development. IRSP (integrated resource strategic planning) is a useful tool to implement DSM (demand side management) and power planning on the supply side. However, the role of interconnected smart grids with fast growing cross-region transmission is not considered in the IRSP. Therefore, the paper proposes the model of IRSP with interconnected smart grids to integrate more renewable power generation to the grids and implement more DSM projects, which is called as IRSP-sgs (IRSP smart grids) model. Two scenarios are projected to study the impact of cross-region transmission on low carbon electricity by using the IRSP-sgs model until 2025 in China. Results show that the scenario with enhanced cross-region transmission helps to reduce electricity generation by 784.38 TWh and reduce CO2 emission by 999.57 million tons during 2013–2025, since the multi-regional power operation can integrate more than 488.30 TWh renewable generation into the grids and implement more DSM projects to substitute generation. In addition, it also provides tremendous opportunities to improve the stable operation of the power system.

Yanan Zheng; Zhaoguang Hu; Jianhui Wang; Quan Wen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Flow Accelerated Erosion-Corrosion (FAC) considerations for secondary side piping in the AP1000{sup R} nuclear power plant design  

SciTech Connect

The issue of Flow Accelerated Erosion-Corrosion (FAC) in power plant piping is a known phenomenon that has resulted in material replacements and plant accidents in operating power plants. Therefore, it is important for FAC resistance to be considered in the design of new nuclear power plants. This paper describes the design considerations related to FAC that were used to develop a safe and robust AP1000{sup R} plant secondary side piping design. The primary FAC influencing factors include: - Fluid Temperature - Pipe Geometry/layout - Fluid Chemistry - Fluid Velocity - Pipe Material Composition - Moisture Content (in steam lines) Due to the unknowns related to the relative impact of the influencing factors and the complexities of the interactions between these factors, it is difficult to accurately predict the expected wear rate in a given piping segment in a new plant. This paper provides: - a description of FAC and the factors that influence the FAC degradation rate, - an assessment of the level of FAC resistance of AP1000{sup R} secondary side system piping, - an explanation of options to increase FAC resistance and associated benefits/cost, - discussion of development of a tool for predicting FAC degradation rate in new nuclear power plants. (authors)

Vanderhoff, J. F.; Rao, G. V. [Westinghouse Electric Company LLC, 1000 Westinghouse Drive, Cranberry Township, PA 16066 (United States); Stein, A. [Shaw Power Nuclear, 1000 Technology Center Drive, Stoughton, MA 02072 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Anterior Myocardial Territory May Replace the Heart as Organ at Risk in Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy for Left-Sided Breast Cancer  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: We investigated whether the heart could be replaced by the anterior myocardial territory (AMT) as the organ at risk (OAR) in intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) of the breast for patients with left-sided breast cancer. Methods and Materials: Twenty-three patients with left-sided breast cancer who received postoperative radiation after breast-conserving surgery were studied. For each patient, we generated five IMRT plans including heart (H), left ventricle (LV), AMT, LV+AMT, and H+LV as the primary OARs, respectively, except both lungs and right breast, which corresponded to IMRT(H), IMRT(LV), IMRT(AMT), IMRT(LV+AMT), and IMRT(H+LV). For the planning target volumes and OARs, the parameters of dose-volume histograms were compared. Results: The homogeneity index, conformity index, and coverage index were not compromised significantly in IMRT(AMT), IMRT(LV) and IMRT(LV+ AMT), respectively, when compared with IMRT(H). The mean dose to the heart, LV, and AMT decreased 5.3-21.5% (p < 0.05), 19.9-29.5% (p < 0.05), and 13.3-24.5% (p < 0.05), respectively. Similarly, the low (e.g., V5%), middle (e.g., V20%), and high (e.g., V30%) dose-volume of the heart, LV, and AMT decreased with different levels. The mean dose and V10% of the right lung increased by 9.2% (p < 0.05) and 27.6% (p < 0.05), respectively, in IMRT(LV), and the mean dose and V5% of the right breast decreased significantly in IMRT(AMT) and IMRT(LV+AMT). IMRT(AMT) was the preferred plan and was then compared with IMRT(H+LV); the majority of dose-volume histogram parameters of OARs including the heart, LV, AMT, both lungs, and the right breast were not statistically different. However, the low dose-volume of LV increased and the middle dose-volume decreased significantly (p < 0.05) in IMRT(AMT). Also, those of the right lung (V10%, V15%) and right breast (V5%, V10%) decreased significantly (p < 0.05). Conclusions: The AMT may replace the heart as the OAR in left-sided breast IMRT after breast-conserving surgery to decrease the radiation dose to the heart.

Tan Wenyong [Department of Radiotherapy, Hubei Cancer Hospital, Wuhan (China); Key Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics of the Ministry of Education, College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan (China); Liu Dong [Department of Radiotherapy, Hubei Cancer Hospital, Wuhan (China); Xue Chenbin [Key Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics of the Ministry of Education, College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan (China); Xu Jiaozhen; Li Beihui [Department of Radiotherapy, Hubei Cancer Hospital, Wuhan (China); Chen Zhengwang [Key Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics of the Ministry of Education, College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan (China); Hu Desheng [Department of Radiotherapy, Hubei Cancer Hospital, Wuhan (China); Wang Xionghong, E-mail: tanwyym@yahoo.com.cn [Department of Radiotherapy, Hubei Cancer Hospital, Wuhan (China)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Compare Fuel Cell Vehicles Side-by-Side  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Recently Tested Vehicles Recently Tested Vehicles Fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) are not yet for sale in the United States. However, manufacturers are producing small fleets of FCVs for evaluation and have estimated the fuel economy of some vehicles using EPA test procedures. Fuel economy estimates and other information for recently tested vehicles are provided below. 2012 Honda FCX Clarity Honda FCX Clarity 2012 Mercedes-Benz F-Cell Mercedes F-Cell Fuel Economy and Driving Range Fuel Economy (miles/kg) Note: One kg of hydrogen is roughly equivalent to one gallon of gasoline. Hydrogen 60 Combined 60 City 60 Hwy Hydrogen 52 Combined 52 City 53 Hwy Range (miles) 240 190 Vehicle Characteristics Vehicle Class Midsize Car Small Station Wagon Motor DC Brushless 100kW DC Permanent Magnet (brushless) Type of Fuel Cell Proton Exchange Membrane Proton Exchange Membrane

388

Smart Shelter: A Sustainable Power System Design Using Micro-Energy Harvesting Techniques  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Energy Harvesting Solar- Small Scale 10 mW/cm2 Kinetic 10 uW/cm2 Thermal 5 mW/cm2 Radio Frequency 0.1 uW/cm2 *Solar has capability to fall under both energy types depending on panel size Design of a self-starting, self-powering power system is feasible... or panel (consists of an array of solar cells), energy storage and the load system. The solar energy from the environment is collected by the solar collector, converted to electrical energy and is then made available to the load. The energy bank which...

Hilton, Benjamin D

2013-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

389

Cyclone shelters and cyclone resilient design in coastal areas of Bangladesh  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bangladesh is one of those countries that are most vulnerable to tropical cyclones. In recent decades, cyclone mitigations by the Government of Bangladesh and international organizations have greatly increased the coastal ...

Jia, Zheng, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Using an ADCP to estimate turbulent kinetic energy dissipation rate in sheltered coastal waters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Turbulent microstructure and acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) data were collected near Tacoma Narrows in Puget Sound, WA. Over 100 coincident microstructure profiles have been compared to ADCP estimates of turbulent kinetic energy ...

A. D. Greene; P. J. Hendricks; M. C. Gregg

391

The Paleoindian skeletal material from Horn Shelter, Number 2, in central Texas: an analysis and perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Thanks for time and technical assistance go to Dr. C. B. Goswick and Tina Orozco at the TAMU student health center who provided x-rays; to Paul Storch of the Materials Conservation Laboratory, Texas Memorial Museum, and Carolyn Rose of the Smithsonian... dentition. . . . Occlusal view of Burial One's mandibular dentition. . . Lateral view of Burial One's maxillary dentition. . . Lateral view of Burial One's mandibular dentition. . Page . . 58 . . 61 . . 61 3. 12A 8 C X-ray of Burial One's clavicles...

Young, Diane Elizabeth

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Effects of a standardized obedience program on approachability and problem behaviors in dogs from rescue shelters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Completing 12 weeks (n=16) Cappuccino 4 5 2 2 1 1 Gus 5 3 1 1 1 1 Kit 4 3 2 3 1 1 Clyde 4 3 1 1 1 1 Pete 3 3 2 2 1 1 Marley 4 3 2 2 2 1 Bear 2 4 1 1 1 1 Foxi 4 3 2 4 2 2 Dixie 2 4 4 1 2 2 Luke 2 2 1 1 1 2 Ashley 1 4 1 2 2 2 Belle 4 3 3....0 -3.5 Gus 4.0 1.0 -3.0 Kit 3.5 1.0 -2.5 Clyde 3.5 1.0 -2.5 Pete 3.0 1.0 -2.0 Marley 4.5 2.5 -2.0 Bear 3.0 1.0 -2.0 Foxi 3.5 2.0 -1.5 Dixie 3.0 2.0 -1.0 Luke 2.0 1.5 -0.5 Ashley 2.5 2.0 -0.5 Belle 3.5 3.0 -0.5 Popeye 1...

Hays, Lauren Denise

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

393

A study of the feasibility of limited shelters for physical education  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. /m /hr. 2 Table 4 is somewhat more descriptive and fs useful in referring to the, nomogram: TABLE 4. , Sta es of Relative Human Comfort and Envi ronmenta I Effects of Atmos heric Coolln After Sl le I Windchl 11 . Cai. /m /hr, 600 Considered...

Wagner, William Grant

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION OF PRE-SERVICE TRAINING METHODS FOR ANIMAL SHELTER VOLUNTEERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Kelley & Lomas, 2003), and performance of work tasks (Ducharme & Feldman, 1992; Kissel, Whitman, & Reid, 1983; Krumhus & Malott, 1980). Although the wide range of dependent variables adds to the literature and may inform practice, Reid and Parsons (2002...

Howard, Veronica J.

2013-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

395

Design and operation of the internal dosimetry program for the Chornobyl 'shelter implementation plan'  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......discusses the system of individual...Nuclear Power Plant (ChNPP...radioactive waste. The commissioning...hierarchical system of individual...the medical treatment (if required...equipment are integrated by the RPI...discusses the system of individual...prevention & control Russia Safety......

I. Likhtarev; V. Berkovski; L. Kovgan; N. Tcygankov; G. Ratia; Y. Bonchuk; S. Nechaev; O. Perevoznikov; P. Ariasov; V. Vasilenko; N. Rubel; I. Kairo; S. Gorbachev; T. Volkernuk; V. Sushko

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

The Influence of Shelter Temperature on Gain Stability of LWA1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and 74 MHz beam power levels pointing at zenith (bandwidth 1 MHz each, split bandwidth filter). From that in some cases can be all identified over the cycle of a single day. 1. Low-level HVAC cycling which depends on which of the two HVAC units leads. In this state the typical temperature fluctuations are ±0

Ellingson, Steven W.

397

The feasibility of using paperboard as a basic material for housing shelters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the speed of drying. Most recently starch ad- hesives, with modifications, have again become the most used, Water resistant adhesives have been developed which use starch as a base material and additive resins such as urea formaldehyde Polyvinyl alcohol... indicate that a resin treat- ment of about 15 percent by weight provides additional strength under wet conditions and makes the paper resistant to attack by decay fungi. At this resin content, cores made from this paper retained 60 percent of their dry...

Thorpe, Roscoe Paul

1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Down and Out on the Kaw: An Examination of Emergency Shelters in Lawrence, Kansas.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Homelessness poses an enduring and formidable challenge to 21st-century urban America. My work draws from three years of ethnographic research on the streets and in the social service agencies of Lawrence, Kansas. I formally ...

McCrary, Quincy Dalton

2008-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

399

Tree shelters and weed control enhance growth and survival of natural blue oak seedlings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Yuba Seasonal grazing Yolo Seasonal grazing San Benito No0.4)a† Yuba 2.0 (5.0)c Yolo 0.5 (1.2)ab San Benito 0.5 (1.3)these two seedlings. At the Yolo County site, on the TABLE

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Another Side of Light - D  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

D. Three quantum phenomena D. Three quantum phenomena In fluorescence, matter absorbs light waves of a high frequency and then emits light of the same or lower frequency. This process was studied and named by George Gabriel Stokes in the mid-19th century. Today, fluorescence is familiar to us from fluorescent light bulbs. A fluorescent bulb's filament produces ultraviolet light, which is absorbed by the bulb's inner coating, which then emits lower-frequency visible light-more visible light than an incandescent bulb produces with the same wattage. According to the hypothesis of light quanta, during fluorescence an atom absorbs a quantum of light whose energy is proportional to the light wave's frequency. If the atom doesn't supply any extra energy of its own, the light quantum emitted should either have the same energy or less energy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Another Side of Light - B  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(continued) (continued) A B C D B. The implication According to Maxwell's theory, when charged particles vibrate and stir up waves in the electromagnetic force fields around them, energy from the particles' vibration should pass into the waves gradually. Furthermore, when electromagnetic waves run into charged particles and set the particles to vibrating (or alter their existing vibration), the energy transfer from the waves to the charged particles should also be gradual. The theory also-crucially-implies that such energy transfers in either direction could involve any amount of energy whatsoever, corresponding to how long the transfer took. Planck's formula, on the other hand, fit all the known facts about light in a high-temperature enclosure, but the formula would only make sense if the

402

Likely stories and other sides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

our seats to the great Imperial Valley, a highway that willtheir plantations in the Imperial Valley to escape the heat,the subtle horrors of Imperial Valley life when I awake. I

Jennings, Glenna

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Either side of a line  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

almost no pause for thought, I gave the narrator a wife, and I had them interact, and, like many if not most husbands and wives at the end of a long and tiring day, they squabbled. One thing led to another. The domestic spat in my 7 story has a..., torturing each other forever. My teenaged Hemingway obsession was good in some ways. Reading Hemingway led me to writers Hemingway admired and that I too came to love, like the great Russians Tolstoy, Dostoyevsky, Turgenev, and Chekhov, and James...

White, Lowell Mick

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

404

The Dark Side of Glia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Tackling glutamate excitotoxicity has also been tricky. The drug memantine, which is intended to protect neurons from this threat and...thwart the brain's eventual neurodegeneration. Although memantine blocks a type of glutamate receptor on neurons, a paper published...

Greg Miller

2005-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

405

The High Side of Gravity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...only factor. "Whenever you have mo-tion in a centrifuge, life gets messy," con-curs civil engineer Robert Schmidt of Boeing Aerospace Company, an expert in the physics ofcentrifuges. Other factors that might affect solidification in still unknown...

IVAN AMATO

1991-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

406

The Dark Side of SDI  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...atmosphere, scattering of the laser beam, and thermal heating ofthe air, Lynch suggested that...in diame-ter. This would result in a thermal exposure in 1.2 seconds equivalent to...aquifer project involving Egypt and the Sudan-are being implemented. That bleak international...

COLIN NORMAN

1987-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

407

ADDITIONS & SIDES BARN FRIES ... 249  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WINGS ... 429 Buffalo or BBQ Style with Buttermilk Ranch Dipping Sauce CUP BOWL CUP OF SOUP & SALAD 299 Tomatoes, Fresh Romaine, and Home-Style Croutons, with Caesar Dressing Southwest Crispy chicken Salad, Tortilla Strips, with Southwest Dressing SOUTHWESTGRILLEDVEGETABLESALAD... 629 Grilled Asparagus, Roasted

Mills, Allen P.

408

Another Side of Light - A  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

spots and cancel elsewhere to make dimmer spots. Once such bright and dim spots in beams of light were observed in the early 19th century, physicists became more certain that...

409

Another Side of Light - C  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

much the same if they behave according to Planck's quantum law. As we noted above, the intensity of the lower-frequency light is described pretty accurately by a theory that...

410

Chapter 7 - The Dark Side  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter discusses how social media is used by cybercriminals as the latest tool to commit various illegal, unwanted, and/or malicious acts. Those using social networks can fall victim to a wide variety of acts, inclusive to scams, social engineering, cyberstalking, cyberbullying, online predators, hacking, or other acts related to Internet security. We’ll discuss a variety of ways to protect yourself, methods to identify and deal with potential problems, and issues you can avoid.

Michael Cross

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

A Comprehensive Analysis of Cardiac Dose in Balloon-Based High-Dose-Rate Brachytherapy for Left-Sided Breast Cancer  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To investigate radiation dose to the heart in 60 patients with left-sided breast cancer who were treated with balloon-based high-dose-rate brachytherapy using MammoSite or Contura applicators. Methods and Materials: We studied 60 consecutive women with breast cancer who were treated with 34 Gy in 10 twice-daily fractions using MammoSite (n = 37) or Contura (n = 23) applicators. The whole heart and the left and right ventricles were retrospectively delineated, and dose-volume histograms were analyzed. Multiple dosimetrics were reported, such as mean dose (D{sub mean}); relative volume receiving 1.7, 5, 10, and 20 Gy (V1.7, V5, V10, and V20, respectively); dose to 1 cc (D{sub 1cc}); and maximum point dose (D{sub max}). Biologic metrics, biologically effective dose and generalized equivalent uniform dose were computed. The impact of lumpectomy cavity location on cardiac dose was investigated. Results: The average {+-} standard deviation of D{sub mean} was 2.45 {+-} 0.94 Gy (range, 0.56-4.68) and 3.29 {+-} 1.28 Gy (range, 0.77-6.35) for the heart and the ventricles, respectively. The average whole heart V5 and V10 values were 10.2% and 1.3%, respectively, and the heart D{sub max} was >20 Gy in 7 of 60 (11.7%) patients and >25 Gy in 3 of 60 (5%) patients. No cardiac tissue received {>=}30 Gy. The V1.7, V5, V10, V20, and D{sub mean} values were all higher for the ventricles than for the whole heart. For balloons located in the upper inner quadrant of the breast, the average whole heart D{sub mean} was highest. The D{sub mean}, biologically effective dose, and generalized equivalent uniform dose values for heart and ventricles decreased with increasing minimal distance from the surface of the balloon. Conclusions: On the basis of these comprehensive cardiac dosimetric data, we recommend that cardiac dose be routinely reported and kept as low as possible in balloon-based high-dose-rate brachytherapy treatment planning for patients with left-sided breast cancer so the correlation with future cardiac toxicity data can be investigated.

Valakh, Vladimir, E-mail: vladimir@valakh.com [Department of Radiation Oncology, Allegheny General Hospital, Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Kim, Yongbok; Werts, E. Day; Trombetta, Mark G. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Allegheny General Hospital, Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Drexel University College of Medicine, Allegheny Campus, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Framework for formulating a performance-based incentive-rebate scale for the demand-side-energy management scheme for commercial buildings in Hong Kong  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many, but not all, rebate-type demand side management (DSM) programmes worldwide have met with success. The rebate rate offered is a critical factor to success but a rational rebate scale determination method that would help strike a proper balance between the incentive offered and the effectiveness of the programme is lacking. For the DSM programmes recently launched in Hong Kong, the rebate rates are disproportionate to the cost and performance of the promoted energy-saving measures, resulting in diverse participation rates among the programmes. This paper presents a conceptual framework for formulating the rebate scales for incentive-based DSM programmes for commercial buildings, which would attract participation of building owners and boost electricity saving. The establishment of the scale starts from developing a performance curve that relates the cost effectiveness and the long-term benefits of different energy-saving DSM measures. The rebate scale is set based on the premise that a proportionally higher rebate rate should be offered for the adoption of each additional measure, which would yield a diminished marginal rate of return. Analysis showed that replacing the current rebate scale by the proposed scale would lead to benefits, both to the building owners and the utility companies.

W.L. Lee; F.W.H. Yik

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Lin28a is a putative factor in regulating cancer stem cell-like properties in side population cells of oral squamous cell carcinoma  

SciTech Connect

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are among the target cells of cancer therapy because they are uniquely involved in both cancer progression and sensitivity to chemotherapeutic agents. We identified side population (SP) cells, which are known to be an enriched population of CSC, in five oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells (SCC9, SCC25, TOSCC7, TOSCC17, and TOSCC23). The percentages of SP cells ranged from 0% to 3.3%, with TOSCC23 cells showing the highest percentages of SP cells (3.3% of the total cell population). The SP cells isolated from TOSCC23 cells also showed greater cell proliferation and invasion compared to non-SP (MP) cells. Therefore, our initial findings suggested that SP cells were enriched for CSC-like cells. Furthermore, DNA microarray analysis revealed that the expression of cell proliferation-related and anti-apoptotic genes was greater in SP cells compared to MP cells. We focused on Lin28a, which showed the highest expression (approximately 22-fold) among the upregulated genes. The overexpression of Lin28a in TOSCC23 cells increased their proliferation, colony formation, and invasion. These findings suggest that Lin28a is an appropriate CSC target molecule for OSCC treatment - Highlights: ? Lin28a is a SP cell-specific factor in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells. ? SP cells in OSCC cells show cancer stem cell-like properties. ? Lin28a regulates OSCC proliferative and invasive activities.

Hayashi, S.; Tanaka, J.; Okada, S.; Isobe, T.; Yamamoto, G.; Yasuhara, R.; Irie, T.; Akiyama, C.; Kohno, Y.; Tachikawa, T.; Mishima, K., E-mail: mishima-k@dent.showa-u.ac.jp

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Receptor-independent, vacuolar ATPase-mediated cellular uptake of histamine receptor-1 ligands: Possible origin of pharmacological distortions and side effects  

SciTech Connect

The aims of this study were to investigate whether several histamine receptor agonists and antagonists are subjected to receptor-independent ion trapping into acidic organelles, and whether this sequestration influences their pharmacological or toxicological properties. Vacuolar (V)-ATPase-dependent intracellular sequestration of agonists was recognized as morphological alterations (large fluid-filled vacuoles for betahistine and 1-methylhistamine, granular uptake for fluorescent BODIPY FL histamine) prevented by the specific V-ATPase inhibitor bafilomycin A1 in rabbit vascular smooth muscle cells. Lipophilicity was the major determinant of these cellular effects (order of potency: BODIPY FL histamine > betahistine > 1-methylhistamine > histamine) that occurred at high concentrations. This ranking was dissociable from the potency order for H{sub 1} receptor-mediated contraction of the rabbit aorta, a response uninfluenced by bafilomycin. Antihistamines are inherently more lipophilic and caused vacuolization of a proportion of cells at 5-500 {mu}M. Agonist or antagonist-induced vacuoles were of macroautophagic nature (labeled with GFP-conjugated LC3, Rab7 and CD63; detection of LC3 II). Further, the 2 most lipophilic antihistamines tested, astemizole and terfenadine, were potentiated by V-ATPase blockade in the aortic contractility assay (13- and 3.6-fold more potent, respectively, pA{sub 2} scale), suggesting that V-ATPase-mediated cation trapping sequesters these antagonists from the vicinity of H{sub 1} receptors in the therapeutic concentration range. This potentiation did not apply to less lipophilic antagonists (pyrilamine, diphenhydramine). While some agonists and all tested antagonists of the histamine H{sub 1} receptors induce the V-ATPase-dependent vacuolar and autophagic cytopathology, sequestration affects the pharmacology of only the most lipophilic antagonists, the ones prone to off-target arrhythmogenic side effects.

Morissette, Guillaume [Centre de Recherche en Rhumatologie et Immunologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Quebec QC, G1V 4G2 (Canada)]|[Department of Medicine, Universite Laval (Canada); Lodge, Robert [Centre de Recherche en Infectiologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Quebec QC, G1V 4G2 (Canada); Bouthillier, Johanne [Centre de Recherche en Rhumatologie et Immunologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Quebec QC, G1V 4G2 (Canada)]|[Department of Medicine, Universite Laval (Canada); Marceau, Francois [Centre de Recherche en Rhumatologie et Immunologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Quebec QC, G1V 4G2 (Canada)]|[Department of Medicine, Universite Laval (Canada)], E-mail: francois.marceau@crchul.ulaval.ca

2008-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

415

Treatment of left sided breast cancer for a patient with funnel chest: Volumetric-modulated arc therapy vs. 3D-CRT and intensity-modulated radiotherapy  

SciTech Connect

This case study presents a rare case of left-sided breast cancer in a patient with funnel chest, which is a technical challenge for radiation therapy planning. To identify the best treatment technique for this case, 3 techniques were compared: conventional tangential fields (3D conformal radiotherapy [3D-CRT]), intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT), and volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT). The plans were created for a SynergyS® (Elekta, Ltd, Crawley, UK) linear accelerator with a BeamModulator™ head and 6-MV photons. The planning system was Oncentra Masterplan® v3.3 SP1 (Nucletron BV, Veenendal, Netherlands). Calculations were performed with collapsed cone algorithm. Dose prescription was 50.4 Gy to the average of the planning target volume (PTV). PTV coverage and homogeneity was comparable for all techniques. VMAT allowed reducing dose to the ipsilateral organs at risk (OAR) and the contralateral breast compared with IMRT and 3D-CRT: The volume of the left lung receiving 20 Gy was 19.3% for VMAT, 26.1% for IMRT, and 32.4% for 3D-CRT. In the heart, a D{sub 15%} of 9.7 Gy could be achieved with VMAT compared with 14 Gy for IMRT and 46 Gy for 3D-CRT. In the contralateral breast, D{sub 15%} was 6.4 Gy for VMAT, 8.8 Gy for IMRT, and 10.2 Gy for 3D-CRT. In the contralateral lung, however, the lowest dose was achieved with 3D-CRT with D{sub 10%} of 1.7 Gy for 3D-CRT, and 6.7 Gy for both IMRT and VMAT. The lowest number of monitor units (MU) per 1.8-Gy fraction was required by 3D-CRT (192 MU) followed by VMAT (518 MU) and IMRT (727 MU). Treatment time was similar for 3D-CRT (3 min) and VMAT (4 min) but substantially increased for IMRT (13 min). VMAT is considered the best treatment option for the presented case of a patient with funnel chest. It allows reducing dose in most OAR without compromising target coverage, keeping delivery time well below 5 minutes.

Haertl, Petra M., E-mail: petra.haertl@klinik.uni-regensburg.de [Department of Radiotherapy, Regensburg University Medical Center, Regensburg (Germany); Pohl, Fabian; Weidner, Karin; Groeger, Christian; Koelbl, Oliver; Dobler, Barbara [Department of Radiotherapy, Regensburg University Medical Center, Regensburg (Germany)

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

CULTURAL PRACTICE STUDIES WITH CUT FLOWERS, 2005 Department of Horticulture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CULTURAL PRACTICE STUDIES WITH CUT FLOWERS, 2005 H. C. Wien Department of Horticulture Cornell grown under a shade canopy that reduced light by 50%, but the number of stems harvested per plant declined by 31%. Side curtains that sheltered the plants without reducing incident light increased stem

Pawlowski, Wojtek

417

DEMONSTRATION OF THE NEXT-GENERATION CAUSTIC-SIDE SOLVENT EXTRACTION SOLVENT WITH 2-CM CENTRIFUGAL CONTRACTORS USING TANK 49H WASTE AND WASTE SIMULANT  

SciTech Connect

Researchers successfully demonstrated the chemistry and process equipment of the Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX) flowsheet using MaxCalix for the decontamination of high level waste (HLW). The demonstration was completed using a 12-stage, 2-cm centrifugal contactor apparatus at the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL). This represents the first CSSX process demonstration of the MaxCalix solvent system with Savannah River Site (SRS) HLW. Two tests lasting 24 and 27 hours processed non-radioactive simulated Tank 49H waste and actual Tank 49H HLW, respectively. Conclusions from this work include the following. The CSSX process is capable of reducing {sup 137}Cs in high level radioactive waste by a factor of more than 40,000 using five extraction, two scrub, and five strip stages. Tests demonstrated extraction and strip section stage efficiencies of greater than 93% for the Tank 49H waste test and greater than 88% for the simulant waste test. During a test with HLW, researchers processed 39 liters of Tank 49H solution and the waste raffinate had an average decontamination factor (DF) of 6.78E+04, with a maximum of 1.08E+05. A simulant waste solution ({approx}34.5 liters) with an initial Cs concentration of 83.1 mg/L was processed and had an average DF greater than 5.9E+03, with a maximum DF of greater than 6.6E+03. The difference may be attributable to differences in contactor stage efficiencies. Test results showed the solvent can be stripped of cesium and recycled for {approx}25 solvent turnovers without the occurrence of any measurable solvent degradation or negative effects from minor components. Based on the performance of the 12-stage 2-cm apparatus with the Tank 49H HLW, the projected DF for MCU with seven extraction, two scrub, and seven strip stages operating at a nominal efficiency of 90% is {approx}388,000. At 95% stage efficiency, the DF in MCU would be {approx}3.2 million. Carryover of organic solvent in aqueous streams (and aqueous in organic streams) was less than 0.1% when processing Tank 49H HLW. The entrained solvent concentration measured in the decontaminated salt solution (DSS) was as much as {approx}140 mg/L, although that value may be overstated by as much as 50% due to modifier solubility in the DSS. The entrained solvent concentration was measured in the strip effluent (SE) and the results are pending. A steady-state concentration factor (CF) of 15.9 was achieved with Tank 49H HLW. Cesium distribution ratios [D(Cs)] were measured with non-radioactive Tank 49H waste simulant and actual Tank 49H waste. Below is a comparison of D(Cs) values of ESS and 2-cm tests. Batch Extraction-Strip-Scrub (ESS) tests yielded D(Cs) values for extraction of {approx}81-88 for tests with Tank 49H waste and waste simulant. The results from the 2-cm contactor tests were in agreement with values of 58-92 for the Tank 49H HLW test and 54-83 for the simulant waste test. These values are consistent with the reference D(Cs) for extraction of {approx}60. In tests with Tank 49H waste and waste simulant, batch ESS tests measured D(Cs) values for the two scrub stages as {approx}3.5-5.0 for the first scrub stage and {approx}1.0-3.0 for the second scrub stage. In the Tank 49H test, the D(Cs) values for the 2-cm test were far from the ESS values. A D(Cs) value of 161 was measured for the first scrub stage and 10.8 for the second scrub stage. The data suggest that the scrub stage is not operating as effectively as intended. For the simulant test, a D(Cs) value of 1.9 was measured for the first scrub stage; the sample from the second scrub stage was compromised. Measurements of the pH of all stage samples for the Tank 49H test showed that the pH for extraction and scrub stages was 14 and the pH for the strip stages was {approx}7. It is expected that the pH of the second scrub stage would be {approx}12-13. Batch ESS tests measured D(Cs) values for the strip stages to be {approx}0.002-0.010. A high value in Strip No.3 of a test with simulant solution has been attributed to issues associated with the limits of detection for the

Pierce, R.; Peters, T.; Crowder, M.; Caldwell, T.; Pak, D; Fink, S.; Blessing, R.; Washington, A.

2011-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

418

1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nauru Island Effect Study - Nauru Island Effect Study - Installation and Preliminary Data K. B. Widener and C. N. Long Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington Abstract A limited suite of instrumentation was installed on the windward side of Nauru to help in understanding the effect the island has on downwind development of clouds. This is of specific interest since the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Atmosphere Radiation and Cloud Station-2 (ARCS-2) site is on the leeward side of the island. This poster presents the instruments, data streams, and preliminary data from this study. Background During the first Department of Energy (DOE)/ARM Nauru99 Workshop held at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), various results were presented that indicated there indeed is an island

419

Hawaii demand-side management resource assessment. Final report, Reference Volume 3 -- Residential and commercial sector DSM analyses: Detailed results from the DBEDT DSM assessment model; Part 1, Technical potential  

SciTech Connect

The Hawaii Demand-Side Management Resource Assessment was the fourth of seven projects in the Hawaii Energy Strategy (HES) program. HES was designed by the Department of Business, Economic Development, and Tourism (DBEDT) to produce an integrated energy strategy for the State of Hawaii. The purpose of Project 4 was to develop a comprehensive assessment of Hawaii`s demand-side management (DSM) resources. To meet this objective, the project was divided into two phases. The first phase included development of a DSM technology database and the identification of Hawaii commercial building characteristics through on-site audits. These Phase 1 products were then used in Phase 2 to identify expected energy impacts from DSM measures in typical residential and commercial buildings in Hawaii. The building energy simulation model DOE-2.1E was utilized to identify the DSM energy impacts. More detailed information on the typical buildings and the DOE-2.1E modeling effort is available in Reference Volume 1, ``Building Prototype Analysis``. In addition to the DOE-2.1E analysis, estimates of residential and commercial sector gas and electric DSM potential for the four counties of Honolulu, Hawaii, Maui, and Kauai through 2014 were forecasted by the new DBEDT DSM Assessment Model. Results from DBEDTs energy forecasting model, ENERGY 2020, were linked with results from DOE-2.1E building energy simulation runs and estimates of DSM measure impacts, costs, lifetime, and anticipated market penetration rates in the DBEDT DSM Model. Through its algorithms, estimates of DSM potential for each forecast year were developed. Using the load shape information from the DOE-2.1E simulation runs, estimates of electric peak demand impacts were developed. Numerous tables and figures illustrating the technical potential for demand-side management are included.

NONE

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Facies variation, diagenesis, and exploration potential of the Cretaceous rudist-bearing carbonates of the Arabian Gulf  

SciTech Connect

The Cretaceous rudist-bearing carbonates of the Arabian Gulf region are proven exploration targets for hydrocarbons and form the reservoirs of a number of giant fields, including Bu Hasa, Fateh, Fahud, Idd El Shargi, Rumaila, Shaybah, and Shah. Rudist buildups occur in three principal formations: (1) Aptian Shuaiba, (2) Cenomanian Mishrif, and (3) Maastrichtian Simsima. A regional subaerial unconformity marks the upper boundary of each of these formations. Associated with the rudists that dominate the Shuaiba Formation are calcareous algal crusts, foraminifera, and echinoid plates, which accumulated in mudstone, packstone, and carbonate sands. The Mishrif Formation contains mollusk fragments, bioclasitc packstones to grainstones, miliolid and nonrudist bivalves in muddy limestones, and rudist (mainly radiolitids and caprinids) conglomeratic floatstones, with fragmented rudists mixed with wackestone lithoclasts. The Mishrif sediments accumulated as a progradational, low-energy leeward margin formed in marginal slope, shoal-backshoal, and lagoonal settings. The Simsima Formation consists of bioclastic grainstone to packstone, and dolomitic lime mudstones to wackestone. The excellent reservoir porosity and permeability of the rudist deposits and their associated sediments are the products of primary and secondary diagenesis. Freshwater leaching during post-Aptian, post-Cenomanian, and post-Maastrichtian erosion enhanced the secondary moldic porosity. Fracturing locally improved porosity and permeability. Other porosity types that occur include interparticle, intraparticle, vuggy, growth framework, shelter, intercrystalline, and karstic. Because of their favorable depositional and post-depositional conditions, the Cretaceous succession of rudists in this region contains many giant oil fields.

Alsharhan, A.S. [U.A.E. Univ., Al Ain (United Arab Emirates)

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Solceller som energikälla och solskydd för tält; Solar cells as power source and solar protection roof for shelters.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This degree project is an investigation of solar cells and their ability to deliver electric power as well as reducing the need for cooling.… (more)

Lönn, Viktoria

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Preliminary characterization of deposits formed on super heater surfaces in an FBC-boiler fired with municipal solid waste  

SciTech Connect

A preliminary study of the chemical and mineralogical composition of deposits formed on super heater tubes in a CFB fired with 100% sorted municipal solid waste has been carried out. Samples of deposits formed on both the windward and leeward side of the tubes were analyzed with the aim to identify the ash species involved in fouling and to get information about chemical interaction between the tube alloys and the deposits. The metal temperatures in the super heater region were in the range 460--540 C during the sampling period. The identified deposit constituents show the importance of alkali metal chlorides in the deposit forming process. Alkali metal chlorides (NaCl and KCl) were found both on the windward side deposits and on the leeward side. Other components were CaSO{sub 4}m MgO and some oxide and phosphate compounds. Some of these components have probably been formed through reaction between the alloy and the deposit but more work will be done in co-operation with the Competence Centre for High Temperature Corrosion, Sweden in order to elucidate such interactions and the influence of deposits on the corrosion rates. The presence of chlorides on an alloyed steel at the temperatures used here may cause a rapid deterioration of the protective oxide scale on the alloy. First, a layer of molten chlorides may dissolve species from the protective oxide layer on the steel tube. Secondly, corrosion may occur according to a mechanism called active oxidation, which involves diffusion of chlorine to the metal/oxide interface and breakdown of the scale due to formation of new products.

Steenari, B.M.; Lindqvist, O.; Andersson, B.A.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Political side of risk: a new approach  

SciTech Connect

The resolution of many of the Nation's most-serious problems today is hampered by our apparent inability to systematically deal with the socio-political dimensions of the societal acceptance of risks in areas of technical development, decision making, and policy formulation. Nowhere is this more apparent than in the energy field. The nature of public hazards has changed drastically during the past half century or so, driving public considerations of risk into the political realm. This has given many of the socio-political parameters underlying individual, group, and institutional perception and acceptance of risk an importance not typically recognized in technical approaches to risk assessment. As a result, there is now a large gap between technically based views of risk and societal views of risk which, the authors feel, is largely responsible for impeding the resolution of the national problems alluded to above. This paper proposes a general approach toward closing this gap, by using indicators from the political system to measure public perceptions and acceptance of risk, as a continuing function of time, to provide the technical community and policy and decision makers a basis from which to more effectively meet societal environmental, safety, and health goals. 15 references, 6 figures.

Sorenson, J.B.; Trauth, C.A. Jr.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Preserving the Scholarly Side of the Web  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Information (JoDI) [27] from its aging site architecture to a modern web aplication capable of handling the complex workflow asociated with a per-reviewed academic publication. In this paper, we describe seven isues related to preservation of web... involved the aplication of HTML Tidy to fix many of the isues asociated with the older HTML code—misuse of ele- ments, improper nesting of tags, mixed semantic and presentation data, etc. The next stage was to convert the articles—now validating XHTML...

Mikeal, Adam; Green, Cody; Maslov, Alexey; Phillips, Scott; Leggett, John

2007-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

425

Appendix D: Results from side cases  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics 2010 (Washington, DC, February 2012); Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 31 (Oak Ridge, TN,...

426

Industrial Demand-Side Management in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cum. Peak Cum. MWH Cum. Peak Cum. MWH Participants MW Saved Saved MW incr. Increase 51 12.38 256 24 NA 1757 28.81 150,154 NA 25 300/yr 250/yr 200/yr 200/yr o 1.76 0 10,168 72 400 3.57 1.43 23,915 8,689 TNP TECH ASST on-going NA N... share of the dollar savings obtained through the installed measures. Request For Proposals (RFP) programs allow customers to submit specific conservation projects to utilities for funding. Bidding programs are similar. They differ from RFP...

Jaussaud, D.

427

Strong side of weak topological insulators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Three-dimensional topological insulators are classified into “strong” (STI) and “weak” (WTI) according to the nature of their surface states. While the surface states of the STI are topologically protected from localization, this does not hold for the WTI. In this work, we show that the surface states of the WTI are actually protected from any random perturbation that does not break time-reversal symmetry, and does not close the bulk energy gap. Consequently, the conductivity of metallic surfaces in the clean system remains finite even in the presence of strong disorder of this type. In the weak disorder limit, the surfaces are found to be perfect metals, and strong surface disorder only acts to push the metallic surfaces inwards. We find that the WTI differs from the STI primarily in its anisotropy, and that the anisotropy is not a sign of its weakness but rather of its richness.

Zohar Ringel; Yaacov E. Kraus; Ady Stern

2012-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

428

Integration of Demand Side Management, Distributed Generation...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

States. Annex 8 provides a list of software tools for analysing various aspects of demand response, distributed generation, smart grid and energy storage. Annex 9 is a list of...

429

The Concept of Demand-Side Management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The pattern of electricity consumption varies in the course of a day, typically reflecting the patterns of human activity — high during the day and low at night. This simple fact has fundamental implications o...

Veronika A. Rabl; Clark W. Gellings

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Bright and dark sides of computational intelligence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

positive and negative values and the resulted neuron excitation net is calculated as a sum of products mapping and both systems internally operate within a limited signal range between zero and one. In general of incoming signals multiplied by weights: xw=net ii n =1i (1) k net out netk-+1 1 =f(net)=out exp Fig. 2

Wilamowski, Bogdan Maciej

431

Israel: a one-sided love affair  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... with Eisenhower, have suggested the establishment in Sinai of joint Israeli-Egyptian power stations and desalination plants. Before this scheme was finally shelved, scientists working at the Oak Ridge National ... the possibility of cooperation with Israel in spheres like agriculture, medicine, solar energy and desalination. Yet when someone came into the room, such discussions stopped and the guest was ...

Nechemia Meyers

1979-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

432

Side Reactions in Lithium-Ion Batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

even with excess negative capacity, lithium can deposit ifdeposits lithium and reaches cutoff sooner. electrode excessexcess by 10%, an extension of about 0.4 mm is sufficient to prevent the onset of lithium

Tang, Maureen Han-Mei

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Supply-side Resources & Planning Assumptions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with forecast escalation/deescalation. Capital cost expressed as "overnight" total plant cost; w 90% 100% 16% 55% 26% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% Cash expended Annual expenditure Cumulative expenditure (excl EDC & IDC) 1% 2% 0% 10% 1 2 3 4 5 Year 96/19/2013 Construction schedule & cash flow

434

Molecular hydrogen out side the nearinfrared  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by studies in the mid--IR and the far-- red. 1. Introduction The hydrogen molecule (H 2 ), nature's third the gas, and observation of its emission lines probes the physical processes at work within the ever populated by a radiative cascade from above. Shocks collisionally populate from below. Two other processes

Burton, Michael

435

One Sided Error Predicates in Geometric Computing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computer Science ETH ZË? urich \\Lambda Appeared in Proc. 15th IFIP World Computer Congress, Fundamentals of fundamental techniques have been designed, and key problems and problem classes have emerged; see the textbooks [Meh84, PS85, Ede87, ORo94, Mul94, Kle97, Ber*97, BY98] and the handbooks [GO97, SU98]. To a large

Kettner, Lutz

436

Side 1 af 43 Alternative Additives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) ...............................................................12 5.1.2 Melting analysis of bleaching earth waste, sand, anorthosite, and clay sludge.............................................................................33 7.4 CLAY-SLUDGE................................................

437

The foul side of 'clean coal'  

SciTech Connect

As power plants face new air pollution control, ash piles and their environmental threats are poised to grow. Recent studies have shown that carcinogens and other contaminants in piles of waste ash from coal-fired power plants can leach into water supplies at concentrations exceeding drinking water standards. Last year an ash dam broke at the 55-year old power plant in Kingston, TN, destroying homes and rising doubts about clean coal. Despite the huge amounts of ash generated in the USA (131 mtons per year) no federal regulations control the fate of ash from coal-fired plants. 56% of this is not used in products such as concrete. The EPA has found proof of water contamination from many operating ash sites which are wet impoundments, ponds or reservoirs of some sort. Several member of Congress have show support for new ash-handling requirements and an inventory of waste sites. Meanwhile, the Kingston disaster may well drive utilities to consider dry handling. 3 photos.

Johnson, J.

2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

438

Pushing the Scary Side of Global Warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the public, we should not rely on the new result,” argues Hans von Storch of the GKSS Institute for Coastal Research in Geesthacht, Germany. “The newest results are not necessarily the best ones. The IPCC should represent a certain filter. That every...

Richard A. Kerr

2007-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

439

Side Reactions in Lithium-Ion Batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

efforts to develop new high-energy materials such as siliconNew Cathode Material for Batteries of High- Energy Density.

Tang, Maureen Han-Mei

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Side Reactions in Lithium-Ion Batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2.8 V vs. lithium suggests Tafel kinetics, but the bend in? a gives the slope of the Tafel region, k eff affects itsincreases, the slope of the Tafel region remains constant,

Tang, Maureen Han-Mei

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Probing the Proton's Weak Side | Jefferson Lab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

proton. The weak force is one of four fundamental forces, which include electromagnetism, gravity and the strong force. The weak force acts on subatomic particles, such...

442

Side Reactions in Lithium-Ion Batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

attic with colleagues Paul Albertus, Penny Gunterman, Ryanalso owe a great deal to Paul Albertus, whose level-headed,

Tang, Maureen Han-Mei

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

The Physical Reality of ‘Side-bands'  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... means of the e.m.f. induced in a suitably tuned circuit coupled to an audio frequency oscillator set at the above frequency. The tuning curve of the receiving circuit ... contained no appreciable radio frequency components (these being filtered out by the action of an audio frequency transformer). The result is shown in Fig. 3. The circuit constants and ...

F. M. COLEBROOK

1930-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

444

SH Coatings LP | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SH Coatings SH Coatings LP America's Next Top Energy Innovator Challenge 10147 likes SH Coatings LP Oak Ridge National Laboratory SH Coating protects power lines from inclement weather as well as contamination from salt deposits that often cause flashovers in coastal environments. The coating can be applied to existing power lines and equipment in any field condition. The most important application is coating power lines in ice storm threatened areas. Power lines coated with SHC prevent the ice build-up that come with ice storms by repelling the rain that ordinarily falls on power lines and freezes there forming a wing on the leeward side of the line and causing the lines to gallop during wind events. This action destroys the poles carrying the lines as well as cause lines to short

445

SH Coatings LP | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SH Coatings SH Coatings LP America's Next Top Energy Innovator Challenge 10147 likes SH Coatings LP Oak Ridge National Laboratory SH Coating protects power lines from inclement weather as well as contamination from salt deposits that often cause flashovers in coastal environments. The coating can be applied to existing power lines and equipment in any field condition. The most important application is coating power lines in ice storm threatened areas. Power lines coated with SHC prevent the ice build-up that come with ice storms by repelling the rain that ordinarily falls on power lines and freezes there forming a wing on the leeward side of the line and causing the lines to gallop during wind events. This action destroys the poles carrying the lines as well as cause lines to short

446

SH Coatings LP | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SH Coatings SH Coatings LP America's Next Top Energy Innovator Challenge 10147 likes SH Coatings LP Oak Ridge National Laboratory SH Coating protects power lines from inclement weather as well as contamination from salt deposits that often cause flashovers in coastal environments. The coating can be applied to existing power lines and equipment in any field condition. The most important application is coating power lines in ice storm threatened areas. Power lines coated with SHC prevent the ice build-up that come with ice storms by repelling the rain that ordinarily falls on power lines and freezes there forming a wing on the leeward side of the line and causing the lines to gallop during wind events. This action destroys the poles carrying the lines as well as cause lines to short

447

1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plumes Observed at Nauru Using GMS Imagery Plumes Observed at Nauru Using GMS Imagery M. L. Nordeen, D. R. Doelling, D. Pethick, and L. Nguyen Analytical Services and Materials, Inc. Hampton, Virginia P. Minnis Atmospheric Sciences Division National Aeronautics and Space Administration Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia Introduction As part of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program, the Atmospheric Radiation and Cloud Station 2 (ARCS-2) was placed on the leeward side of the island of Nauru (0.521°S, 166.916°E) to monitor the equatorial Tropical Western Pacific (TWP). We hoped the measurements of radiation and cloud properties from Nauru would represent the surrounding ocean. Observations at the ARCS-2 started during the Nauru99 (mid June to mid July 1999) field campaign. During this campaign, island-

448

Graphite dust resuspension in an HTR-10 steam generator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Graphite dust has an important effect on the safety of high-temperature gas-cooled reactors (HTR). The flow field in the steam generator was studied by the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) method, with the results indicating that the friction velocity in the windward and the leeward of the heat transfer tubes is relatively low and is higher at the sides. Further analysis of the resuspension of graphite dust indicates that the resuspension fraction reaches nearly zero for particles with a diameter less than 1 ?m, whereas it will increases as the helium velocity in the steam generator increases for particle size larger than 1 ?m. Moreover, the resuspension fraction increases as the particle size increases. The results also indicate that resuspension of the particles with sizes larger than 1 ?m exhibited obvious differences in different parts of the steam generator.

Wei Peng; Tianqi Zhang; Yanan Zhen; Suyuan Yu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Dosimetric Comparison of Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy Plans, With or Without Anterior Myocardial Territory and Left Ventricle as Organs at Risk, in Early-Stage Left-Sided Breast Cancer Patients  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: We evaluated heart sparing using an intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) plan with the left ventricle (LV) and/or the anterior myocardial territory (AMT) as additional organs at risk (OARs). Methods and Materials: A total of 10 patients with left-sided breast cancer were selected for dosimetric planning. Both lungs, the right breast, heart, LV, and AMT were defined as OARs. We generated one tangential field plan and four IMRT plans for each patient. We examined the dose-volume histogram parameters of the planning target volume and OARs. Results: Compared with the tangential field plan, the mean dose to the heart in the IMRT plans did not show significant differences; however, the dose to the AMT and LV decreased by 18.7-45.4% and 10.8-37.4%, respectively. The maximal dose to the heart decreased by 18.6-35.3%, to the AMT by 22.0-45.1%, and to the LV by 23.5-45.0%, And the relative volumes of the heart (V{sub {>=}12}), AMT (V{sub >11}) and LV (V{sub >10}) decreased significantly with different levels, respectively. The volume of the heart, AMT, LV, both lungs, and right breast receiving {>=}5 Gy showed a significant increase. Compared with the IMRT (H) plan, the mean dose to the heart, AMT, and LV decreased by 17.5-21.5%, 25.2-29.8%, and 22.8-29.8% and the maximal dose by 13.6-20.6%, 23.1-29.6%, and 17.3-29.1%, respectively. The IMRT plans for both lungs and the right breast showed no significant differences. Conclusions: The IMRT plans with the addition of the AMT and/or LV as OARs considerably increased heart sparing. We recommend including the LV as an additional OAR in such plans.

Tan Wenyong [Key Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics of the Ministry of Education, Huazhong University of Science and Technology College of Life Science and Technology, Wuhan (China); Wang Xiaohong; Qiu Dasheng [Department of Radiotherapy, Hubei Cancer Hospital, Wuhan (China); Liu Dong [Department of Radiology, Hubei Cancer Hospital, Wuhan (China); Jia Shaohui; Zeng Fanyu [Department of Radiotherapy, Hubei Cancer Hospital, Wuhan (China); Chen Zhengwang [Key Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics of the Ministry of Education, Huazhong University of Science and Technology College of Life Science and Technology, Wuhan (China); Li Beihui; Xu Jiaozhen; Wei Lai [Department of Radiotherapy, Hubei Cancer Hospital, Wuhan (China); Hu Desheng, E-mail: tanwyym@yahoo.com.cn [Department of Radiotherapy, Hubei Cancer Hospital, Wuhan (China)

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Side-by-Side Testing of Commercial Office Lighting Systems: Two-lamp Fluorescent Fixtures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Guide to Performance Evaluation of Efficient Lighting Products, Lighting Research Center, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY. IES, 1987. IES Lighting Handbook: 1987 Ap~lications Volume, Illuminating Engineering Society of North America, New... Transactions on Industrv A~plications, No. 5, pp. 1189-1 197. Verderber, R.R. and Rubinstein, F.M. and Ward, G., 1989. Photoelectric Control of Daylight Following Lighting Systems, CU- 6243, Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, CA. Rubinstein, F...

Parker, D. S.; Schrum, L.; Sonne, J. K.; Stedman, T. C.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access The reliability of side to side measurements of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

activity levels in healthy subjects Miguel Acuna1 , Tal Amasay2 , Andrew R Karduna3* Abstract Background: In both clinical and occupational settings, ambulatory sensors are becoming common for assessing all day pathologies. Background When assessing upper extremity function, clinicians are generally limited to the use

Karduna, Andrew

452

Larval retention and recruitment in an island population of a coral-reef fish  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... windward shore (Jack's Bay) and two down-current sites on the leeward shore (Northstar and Butler Bay) during the summer and autumn of 1992. For this analysis, ... of local retention of larvae to recruitment. At both leeward reefs (Butler Bay and Northstar, Fig. 2a, b), recruitment levels were positively correlated with CF1, indicating that ...

Stephen E. Swearer; Jennifer E. Caselle; David W. Lea; Robert R. Warner

1999-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

453

The University's Incident Manual includes information about Incident Teams, University operating status parameters; incident priorities and performance expectations; shelter-in-place  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a significant emergency or dangerous situation that may involve an immediate or on-going threat to the health emergencies or dangerous situations are: Outbreak of meningitis, norovirus or other serious illness emergency or dangerous situation. In addition, the Oregon State Police have a responsibility to respond

Escher, Christine

454

Fermilab Cultural Events in Chicago's Far West Side  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Art Gallery Header Public Access current show schedule contact us cultural events archive General Information Art Gallery Header Public Access current show schedule contact us cultural events archive General Information "I have always felt that science, technology, and art are importantly connected, indeed science and technology seem to many scholars to have grown out of art." -Robert Rathbun Wilson This convergence of art and science occurs daily in the Fermilab Art Gallery. It is a space for art exhibitions, chamber music concerts and where the top quark and big bang are debated over coffee. It is also a quiet space for contemplation and beauty. Current Status of Access to Fermilab Fermilab Examined – a Juried Exhibition by members of the Fermilab Photography Club 11/18/13-1/26/14 Artist Reception 11/20/13 Current Exhibition Upcoming Exhibition

455

Technical Evaluation of Side Stream Filtration for Cooling Towers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cooling Towers (photo from Pacific Cooling Towers (photo from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) * Scaling: Scaling is the precipitation of dissolved mineral components that have become saturated in solution, which can lower efficiency of the system. * Fouling: Fouling occurs when suspended particles or biologic growth forms an insulating film on heat transfer surfaces. Common foulants include organic matter, process oils, and silt, which can also lower system performance. * Microbiological Activity: Microbiological activity refers to microorganisms that live and grow in the cooling system that can contribute

456

Fermilab Cultural Events in Chicago's Far West Side  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

General Information General Information Fermilab Arts & Lecture Series Kirk Road & Pine Street, P.O. Box 500, MS 111, Batavia, IL 60510 - 0500 Phone: Voice - 630.840.ARTS(2787), Fax - 630.840.5501 E-Mail: audweb@fnal.gov Tickets are sold on a first-come, first-served basis. Tickets may be charged on MasterCard, Visa, or Discover or paid for by check. Mail Order. Send a check (payable to Fermilab) or charge authorization with a self-addressed, stamped envelope to Fermilab Arts Series, P.O. Box 500, MS111, Batavia, IL 60510-0500. Telephone. For information and tickets call 630/840.ARTS (2787). An answering machine will take your confidential message during times that the box office manager is not available. Box Office Hours. At present our box office is being staffed on a part-time

457

Technical Evaluation of Side Stream Filtration for Cooling Towers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cooling Towers (photo from Pacific Cooling Towers (photo from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) * Scaling: Scaling is the precipitation of dissolved mineral components that have become saturated in solution, which can lower efficiency of the system. * Fouling: Fouling occurs when suspended particles or biologic growth forms an insulating film on heat transfer surfaces. Common foulants include organic matter, process oils, and silt, which can also lower system performance. * Microbiological Activity: Microbiological activity refers to microorganisms that live and grow in the cooling system that can contribute

458

Scheduling optimization of a real flexible job shop including side ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aug 19, 2013 ... The multitask cell at GKN Aerospace Sweden is a production cell con- ..... At each time point t, the job j possessing the lowest value of CRj(t) is ...

2013-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

459

A Side of Mercury Not Seen By Mariner 10  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

More than 60,000 images of Mercury were taken at ~29 deg elevation during two sunrises, at 820 nm, and through a 1.35 m diameter off-axis aperture on the SOAR telescope. The sharpest resolve 0.2" (140 km) and cover 190-300 deg longitude -- a swath unseen by the Mariner 10 spacecraft -- at complementary phase angles to previous ground-based optical imagery. Our view is comparable to that of the Moon through weak binoculars. Evident are the large crater Mozart shadowed on the terminator, fresh rayed craters, and other albedo features keyed to topography and radar reflectivity, including the putative huge ``Basin S'' on the limb. Classical bright feature Liguria resolves across the northwest boundary of the Caloris basin into a bright splotch centered on a sharp, 20 km diameter radar crater, and is the brightest feature within a prominent darker ``cap'' (Hermean feature Solitudo Phoenicis) that covers the northern hemisphere between longitudes 140-250 deg. The cap may result from space weathering that darkens via a magnetically enhanced flux of the solar wind, or that reddens low latitudes via high solar insolation.

Gerald Cecil; Dmitry Rashkeev

2007-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

460

Automatically Tuning Collective Communication for One-Sided Programming Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Constellation System at the Texas Advanced Computing Center (Ranger)[84], and the Cray XT4 at the National Energy

Nishtala, Rajesh

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

On the Other Side of Hyperactivity: an Anthropology of ADHD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Democracy. The MIT Press. Hacking, Ian. 1998b. Rewriting thePrinceton University Press. Hacking, Ian. 2000. The Sociallike Allan Young, Ian Hacking, and Emily Martin, take the

Goodwin, Marc

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Biosynthesis of Ubiquinone Compounds with Conjugated Prenyl Side Chains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...with a positive or negative atmospheric pressure chemical ionization...LC-tandem MS (MS-MS) using an atmospheric pressure chemical ionization...spectra were acquired on a 600 MHz Varian NMR spectrometer, and...antioxidants in human blood plasma. Methods Enzymol. 234: 269-279...

Pyung Cheon Lee; Christine Salomon; Benjamin Mijts; Claudia Schmidt-Dannert

2008-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

463

Side slope design based on human tolerance to vehicle response  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the help of several graduate students who performed numerous calculations during reduction and correlation of the data; of the TTI drafting department for preparation of many of the figures; and of Mrs. Laura Oualline who typed the final manuscript... Parameter Study CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 49 53 60 Recommendations 65 REFERENCES 67 APPENDIX Example A Hxample B Example C Notation 69 69 69 70 70 LIST OF TABLES Table 1. Computed Impact Angles in Degrees Page 15 2. Cornell Limits...

Weaver, Graeme Douglas

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

464

Fermilab Cultural Events in Chicago's Far West Side  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

you will find no entrance. The building is encapsulated; it is a space-trap, a great cavern with all its potential for expressing apartness, mystery and entombment. It serves as...

465

VISUAL SALIENCY WITH SIDE INFORMATION , Lexing Xie2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the golden gate bridge, but does not recognize similar bridges elsewhere. We propose an algorithm to discover

Xie, Lexing

466

Building America Case Study: Excavationless Exterior-Side Foundation...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Cocoon, cocoon-solutions.com Urban Homeworks, urbanhomeworks.org BASF, basf.us American Environmental, LLC NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership Building Component:...

467

Overview of Demand Side Response | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Energy Officials Need to Know High Electric Demand Days: Clean Energy Strategies for Improving Air Quality Demand Response in U.S. Electricity Markets: Empirical Evidence...

468

Chapter 3 Demand-Side Resources | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

resources result from one of two methods of reducing load: energy efficiency or demand response load management. The energy efficiency method designs and deploys technologies...

469

Squeezed from All Sides: The CSU Crisis and California's Future  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

had  a   parent  who  had  lost  a  job,  compared  to  has lost medical coverage Family cannot pay bills Parentshas lost medical coverage Family cannot pay bills Parents

Gandara, Patricia; Orfield, Gary

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Fermilab Cultural Events in Chicago's Far West Side  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

quantities in the Electroweak sector of particle physics, including measurements of Higgs boson couplings, and searches for new physics, specifically supersymmetry. Hildreth has...

471

Catalyzing Cooperative Action for Low Emissions Development Side...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Join Contact Bonn Event Agenda Presentations Catalyzing Cooperative Action for Low Emissions Development May 23, 2012 Bonn, Germany Dear Colleagues, We are delighted to invite...

472

Monopolies in Two-Sided Markets: Comparative Statics and Identification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a second that generalizes Armstrong (2006) and a third thatRochet and Tirole, 2003; Armstrong, 2006), until recentlysided markets, that of Armstrong (2006), as well as a wide

Weyl, E. Glen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

"Monopolies in Two-Sided Markets: Comparative Statics and Identification"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a second that generalizes Armstrong (2006) and a third thatRochet and Tirole, 2003; Armstrong, 2006), until recentlysided markets, that of Armstrong (2006), as well as a wide

Weyl, E. Glen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

The dark side of royalty and good will  

SciTech Connect

In the natural gas business, the word ``royalty`` usually brings to mind the fee producers pay on each unit of gas they produce from wells drilled on acreage leased from the government. This production-oriented word now is taking on added meaning and quickly becoming part of the gas utility lexicon. If organizations representing appliance-sales and service companies have their way, the local gas company will soon be paying an annual royalty to its customers as compensation for what these groups allege is the ``free`` use of the utility name and reputation -- also known as its ``good will`` -- by its unregulated business units that sell, install and repair appliances. This royalty would be returned to gas customers through an equivalent reduction in a utility`s base rate -- the revenue it requires each year to cover expenses and provide a return on its investment. Resolution of the issue is pending in three state: State courts in New York and Minnesota are reviewing regulatory orders instituting the royalty, and regulators in Maryland are debating the question. Legal aspects of these pending regulations are discussed.

Ryan, K.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

A photochemical side reaction that interferes with the ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Jan 3, 1975 ... tion of Fe( CN) 50H3- does not directly in- ... IC does not require hypochlorite; however, .... A practical handbook of seawater analysis,. 2nd ed.

2000-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

476

On the Other Side of Hyperactivity: an Anthropology of ADHD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rodriguez, Maki Tanaka, Jenny Chio, Amelia Moore, China Schertz, Nate Dumas, Larissa Kurtovic, James

Goodwin, Marc

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Fermilab Cultural Events in Chicago's Far West Side  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

success of the scientific progress and applications they enable. Katsouleas will review progress toward a new accelerator paradigm based on plasmas capable of dramatically...

478

i-Energy: Smart Demand-Side Energy Management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Much of the discussion concerning smart grids focuses on the potential benefits of technological advances to power suppliers. However, there are many possible advantages that may benefit consumers as electricity ...

Takashi Matsuyama

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Smart Grids Operation with Distributed Generation and Demand Side Management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The integration of Distributed Generation (DG) based on renewable sources in the Smart Grids (SGs) is considered a challenging task because of the problems arising for the intermittent nature of the sources (e.g....

C. Cecati; C. Citro; A. Piccolo; P. Siano

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Software components for demand side integration at a container terminal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Local energy management and demand response are established methods to raise energy ... in industrial enterprises the intelligent use of power demand draws significantly increased importance. Due to the ... energ...

Norman Ihle; Serge Runge; Claas Meyer-Barlag…

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

The Long View of Demand-Side Management Programs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One of the primary reasons that the electricity market failed in California during the 2000–2001 period was the lack of dynamic demand response to rising wholesale electricity prices. Had retail customers seen...

Ahmad Faruqui; Greg Wikler; Ingrid Bran

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Long Term Options for Energy Supply and Demand Side Management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A great deal has been said and written about future energy options and the need for responsibility and caution in protecting the world’s natural environment. Clearly, energy policies and environmental policies...

Tom Morron; Fred Denny

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Schumpeter Versus Keynes: Supply-Side Economics or Demand Management?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The year 1883 witnessed the birth of two great economists, Joseph Alois Schumpeter and John Maynard Keynes, and the death of another great economist, Karl Marx. Schumpeter, a devoted subject of the Austro-Hung...

Christian Seidl

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Impact on Implementing Demand Side Management in Residential Sector  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Residential electricity consumption in Malaysia increased at a rate of 14% per year between 1993 to 1997. In 1998, over 60% of population lived in urban areas. The growth of urban population at a rate of 4% per a...

H. A. Rahman; M. S. Majid; M. Y. Hassan…

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Vom Demand-Side Management zum Strategischen Marktmanagement im Strommarkt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Die Deregulierung des Strommarktes wirkt sich in keinem anderen betrieblichen Funktionsbereich der Stromanbieter so radikal aus, wie im Marketing. Erforderlich sind nicht nur vielfältige Änderungen der Gestaltung...

Eberhard Kuhlmann

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

GEOSS in Americas Symposium Side Session -Capacity Building  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(IOCCG) Mar del Plata, Argentina (2003)Argentina (2003) 15 specialists from SA (Argentina, Brazil, Chile y15 specialists from SA (Argentina, Brazil, Chile y Venezuela) and experts from NA (Canada, EEUU INIDEPINIDEP ArgentinaArgentina EstaciEstacióón de Fotobiologn de Fotobiologíía Playa Unia Playa Unióónn

487

Penetrameter positioner for bore-side radiography of tubes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A positioner is provided for placing plaque or wire penetrameters, as used in radiographic inspection, in close proximity with the inner wall of tubing at any desired location along the tubing. The positioner head carrying the penetrameter is inflatable whereby it is positioned in tte deflated condition, inflated to place the penetrameter against a weld to be inspected in the tubing wall, and then deflated during removal. If desired, the penetrameter holder may be used to center the radiographic source on the axis of the tube.

Davis, E.V.; Foster, B.E.

1980-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

488

On Scalable Coding in the Presence of Decoder Side Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

was characterized and conditions for successive refinement were studied. The coding scheme is based on conditional

California at Santa Barbara, University of

489

Fermilab Cultural Events in Chicago's Far West Side  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in Holography, Photography and Mixed Media by Lori Napoleon, Ed Wesly, and Todd Johnson On Display: 92208 - 111008 92608 - Lecture 12-1pm Curia II - Wilson Hall Artist...

490

Fermilab Cultural Events in Chicago's Far West Side  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

global scape, rapid retreat of mountain glaciers is not only contributing to global sea level rise, but threatening fresh water supplies in many of the world's most populous...

491

A Demand-Side Management Experience in Existing Building Commissioning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

guidelines, and performing due-diligence technical review. The structured program process follows the recommissioning phases and activities identified by PECI (ORNL 1999). The basic program phases include the Planning Phase, Investigation Phase... Laboratory (ORNL), Report No. ORNL/TM- 1999/34, April 1999. Kessler, Helen, Christopher Philbrick, Roger Hill and George Malek, Maintenance, Operations and Repairs (MORES) ? A Utility Recommissining Program, Proceedings of the 7th National Conference...

Franconi, E.; Selch, M.; Bradford, J.; Gruen, B.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

On the Other Side of Hyperactivity: an Anthropology of ADHD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biological Citizens after Chernobyl. 1st ed. PrincetonBiological Citizens After Chernobyl, which examines throughthe reactor meltdown at Chernobyl must fight for recognition

Goodwin, Marc

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Stochasticity in biological networks : two sides of a golden coin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Publications T. Lu, J. Stricker, and J. Hasty. A syntheticDmitri Volf- son, Jesse Stricker, Matt Bennett, Scottappear in part of Lu T, Stricker J. and Hasty J, A synthetic

Lu, Ting

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

The Dark Side of Mobile Phones August 3, 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

being much more tranquil" (Italian university student) History is replete with examples of new products is convenient, but often makes for a poor nutritional choice. Deep-water rigs increase the world's access to oil phones range widely in price and functionality. Besides texting and voice capabilities, most phones offer

Carlini, David

495

Industrial Rates and Demand-Side Management Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Texas offer minimal industrial load management or conservation programs at this time, examples from other utilities may serve as a guide for further program improvements. The Bonneville Power Administration's Aluminum Smelter Conservation...,928,250 31.8% Texas Total 49,521 13,804 25.8% 93,847,494 36.9% wI Self-Gen 49,521 17,619 30.7% 119,841042 42.8% Note: Utilities are: TV Electric, Houston Lighting & Power, GulfStates Utilities, Central Power and Light, City Public Service (San Antonio...

Kasprowicz, L. M.; House, R.

496

New cryptographic protocols With side-channel attack security  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cryptographic protocols implemented in real world devices are subject to tampering attacks, where adversaries can modify hardware or memory. This thesis studies the security of many different primitives in the Related-Key ...

Miller, Rachel A., S.M. (Rachel Ann). Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Fermilab Cultural Events in Chicago's Far West Side  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Extreme Beams for Mysterious Particles Dr. Regina Rameika April 23, 2010 @ 8 p.m.- Tickets 7 Neutrinos are among the most abundant particles in the universe. The sun is a neutrino...

498

Emerging Technologies for Industrial Demand-Side Management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this problem is to move the loads from peak to off-peak periods without changing overall electricity consumption. By using cool storage systems, energy consumption for businesses and industry can be shifted, reducing electricity costs to the consumer...

Neely, J. E.; Kasprowicz, L. M.

499

Research Needs: Glass Solar Reflectance and Vinyl Siding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

mm MPa NFRC PIB psi PVC SHGC sq ft U.S. USDA of Agriculturesolar heat gain coefficient (SHGC) requirements insulating

Hart, Robert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Discreet passive explosive detection through 2-sided wave guided fluorescence  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The current invention provides a passive sampling device suitable for collecting and detecting the presence of target analytes. In particular, the passive sampling device is suitable for detecting nitro-aromatic compounds. The current invention further provides a passive sampling device reader suitable for determining the collection of target analytes. Additionally, the current invention provides methods for detecting target analytes using the passive sampling device and the passive sampling device reader.

Harper, Ross James; la Grone, Marcus; Fisher, Mark

2012-10-16T23:59:59.000Z