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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

CO2 Emissions - Leeward Islands  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Central America, South America, and the Caribbean Nations Leeward Islands Graphics CO2 Emissions from Leeward Islands Data graphic Data CO2 Emissions from Leeward Islands image...

2

On the role of the Jeffreys'sheltering mechanism in the sustain of extreme water waves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effect of the wind on the sustain of extreme water waves is investigated experimentally and numerically. A series of experiments conducted in the Large Air-Sea Interactions Facility (LASIF) showed that a wind blowing over a strongly nonlinear short wave group due to the linear focusing of a modulated wave train may increase the life time of the extreme wave event. The expriments suggested that the air flow separation that occurs on the leeward side of the steep crests may sustain longer the maximum of modulation of the focusing-defocusing cycle. Based on a Boundary-Integral Equation Method and a pressure distribution over the steep crests given by the Jeffreys'sheltering theory, similar numerical simulations have confirmed the experimental results

Giovanangeli, J P; Touboul, J; Giovanangeli, Jean-Paul; Kharif, Christian; Touboul, Julien

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

AEC GROUP SHELTER  

SciTech Connect

As a result of atomic shelter tests and field experiments condueted over the past nine years, it has been conclusively shown that shelters provide the only promising means of civilian protection in the event of a nuclear war. Design details are presented for a group shelter to accommodate 100 persons of all age groups and both sexes. The shelter structure is a multiplate corrugated- steel arch set on a concrete slab with end walls of bridge plate sheathing. The entire structure is covered with a minimum of 3 feet of earth. The shelter combines outstanding protection against radioactive fall-out with good protection against blast and thermal radiation. Drawings are included. General operating procedures are outlined. (C.H.)

1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Shelter for the Sky  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A solemn ceremony in Slavutich Ukraine on April 26th 2007 marked the twenty-first anniversary of the most catastrophic accident in the history of commercial nuclear power. Significant progress has recently been made toward transformation of Chernobyl to an environmentally sound site. Many readers will recall that in only eight months following the 1986 accident, the Soviets constructed an enormous facility to contain the radioactive contamination in the remains of Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant Unit-4. Popularly known as the “sarcophagus”, but correctly referred to as the “Object Shelter”, it has deteriorated with time and is now in danger of collapse. STABILIZATION Several measures to structurally stabilize the Object Shelter and prevent its collapse have recently been completed. These measures are the largest construction projects undertaken in the local zone since the completion of the Object Shelter. The most significant risk reduction was accomplished by Measure-2 in December 2006. Stabilization

Schmieman, Eric A.

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Sheltering in Place at LBNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sheltering in Place at LBNL Sheltering in Place at LBNL Speaker(s): Valerie Quiggley Date: November 2, 2004 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Lab employees could be instructed by Lab management to "Shelter in Place", rather than to evacuate during an emergency situation created by a wildland fire approaching the Lab, or other emergencies involving outside air quality such as a biological or chemical accident, or even a terrorist attack. Would you know what to do if instructed to shelter in place? How could staying inside the building be safe if fire is raging outside? And what about the air conditioning system which draws air from outside to circulate inside the building? How do we keep smoke or other toxins outside while we shelter inside? Bring all your questions and attend this seminar

6

Solar Eclipse Effect on Shelter Air Temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Decreases in shelter temperature during eclipse events were quantified on the basis of observations, numerical model simulations, and complements conceptual evaluations. Observations for the annular eclipse on 10 May 1994 over the United States ...

M. Segal; R. W. Turner; J. Prusa; R. J. Bitzer; S. V. Finley

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Efficient Earth-Sheltered Homes | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Efficient Earth-Sheltered Homes Efficient Earth-Sheltered Homes Efficient Earth-Sheltered Homes June 24, 2013 - 4:59pm Addthis This house in Tempe, Arizona, uses earth-sheltered construction methods to help decrease cooling costs. | Photo by Pamm McFadden This house in Tempe, Arizona, uses earth-sheltered construction methods to help decrease cooling costs. | Photo by Pamm McFadden If you are looking for a home with energy-efficient features that will provide a comfortable, tranquil, weather-resistant dwelling, an earth-sheltered house could be right for you. There are two basic types of earth-sheltered house designs-underground and bermed. Underground Earth-Sheltered Homes When an entire earth-sheltered house is built below grade or completely underground, it's called an underground structure. An atrium or courtyard

8

Efficient Earth-Sheltered Homes | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Efficient Earth-Sheltered Homes Efficient Earth-Sheltered Homes Efficient Earth-Sheltered Homes June 24, 2013 - 4:59pm Addthis This house in Tempe, Arizona, uses earth-sheltered construction methods to help decrease cooling costs. | Photo by Pamm McFadden This house in Tempe, Arizona, uses earth-sheltered construction methods to help decrease cooling costs. | Photo by Pamm McFadden If you are looking for a home with energy-efficient features that will provide a comfortable, tranquil, weather-resistant dwelling, an earth-sheltered house could be right for you. There are two basic types of earth-sheltered house designs-underground and bermed. Underground Earth-Sheltered Homes When an entire earth-sheltered house is built below grade or completely underground, it's called an underground structure. An atrium or courtyard

9

Sheltering in Place | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Sheltering in Place Emergency Information Emergency Information Home Public Notifications Emergency Vocabulary Sheltering in Place Evacuation ISC Home Sheltering in Place Print...

10

Estimation of Shelter Temperatures from Operational Satellite Sounder Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As a first step in the development of a technique for estimating daily maximum and minimum shelter temperatures for agricultural monitoring, this study made use of operational satellite sounder data to estimate shelter temperature. Linear ...

F. A. Davis; J. D. Tarpley

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Assessing Sheltering-In-Place Responses to Outdoor Toxic Releases  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Assessing Sheltering-In-Place Responses to Outdoor Toxic Releases Assessing Sheltering-In-Place Responses to Outdoor Toxic Releases Title Assessing Sheltering-In-Place Responses to Outdoor Toxic Releases Publication Type Conference Proceedings Year of Publication 2005 Authors Sohn, Michael D., Richard G. Sextro, and David M. Lorenzetti Conference Name 10th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate - Indoor Air 2005 Volume 2(6) Pagination 1792-1796 Date Published Sept. 4-9, 2005 Publisher Tsinghua University Press Conference Location Beijing, China Keywords airflow and pollutant transport group, airflow modeling, comis, countermeasures to chemical and biological threats, emergency response, exposure, indoor environment department, shelter-in-place Abstract An accidental or intentional outdoor release of pollutants can produce a hazardous plume, potentially contaminating large portions of a metropolitan area as it disperses downwind. To minimize health consequences on the populace, government and research organizations often recommend sheltering in place when evacuation is impractical. Some reports also recommend "hardening" an indoor shelter, for example by applying duct tape to prevent leakage into a bathroom. However, few studies have quantified the perceived beneficial effects of sheltering and hardening, or examined the limits of their applicability. In this paper, we examine how sheltering and hardening might reduce exposure levels under different building and meteorological conditions (e.g., wind direction). We predict concentrations and exposure levels for several conditions, and discuss the net benefits from several sheltering and hardening options

12

F.C.D.A. FAMILY SHELTER EVALUATION  

SciTech Connect

In order to determine the effects of atomic explosions on small civil defense shelters for family use, 29 simple structures were built along an arc 1200 ft from the target point and exposed to Buster Bursts B, C, and D. The structures were of four basic types; covered-trench, metal-arch, wood-arch, and basement lean-to. Because of poor cohesive properties of the soil, much of the earth cover on the shelters was removed by the first shot. Since test procedures prevented restoration of structures and replacement of cover after each blast, test results were materially affected. Partly above-grade cover-trench shelters provided less protection against blast than belowgrade cover-trench shelters and were much less desirable as protection against gamma radiation. Metal-arch shelters set in concrete appeared to have good potentialities with minor design modifications. Wood-arch shelters as designed, proved to be unsuitable substitutes for metalarch shelters. No worthwhile information was obtained on basement lean-to shelters. Unusual conditions disclosed design deficiencies in entrance construction, front, and end sections, and effective earth cover. Small shelters are potentially capable of meeting requirements of civil defense. (auth)

Flynn, A.P.

1952-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

If You Are Advised to Shelter-In-Place  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advised to Shelter-in-Place Advised to Shelter-in-Place Sheltering-in-place provides protection from potential airborne hazardous materials that may have been released. If you are asked to shelter-in-place at work or at home, follow these instructions: * Bring everyone inside (including pets). * Close all doors and windows. * Turn off or close all ventilation systems, including: * Air conditioning * Attic & exhaust fans * Furnaces * Fireplace dampers * Determine what sector you are in (see Evacuation Map & Routes). * Continue to shelter-in-place and listen to one of the EAS stations. * When the outside air is no longer dangerous, you will be instructed by the EAS that sheltering-in-place has ended and to open and ventilate your home or building. * Shelters may be opened for individuals who cannot return home because a shelter-in-place has been ordered for the area in which they live. If you are affected in this manner, please listen to EAS stations for announcements of shelters being opened or go to the home of a friend or relative that is outside the area of concern.

14

FOR OFFICE USE ONLY CONTINUE ON REVERSE SIDE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Hawaiian Studies, Kaua`i CC Jacob Darakjian, professor of automotive technology, Leeward CC Robert De

15

Solar for Schools and Shelters (Florida) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar for Schools and Shelters (Florida) Solar for Schools and Shelters (Florida) Solar for Schools and Shelters (Florida) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Installer/Contractor Institutional Nonprofit Retail Supplier Schools Systems Integrator Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Program Info Funding Source U.S. Department of Energy State Florida Program Type Grant Program Provider Florida Solar Energy Center This program will support the installation of photovoltaic systems with battery back-up on strategically located schools and emergency shelters throughout the state. The Office of Energy will coordinate with the Florida Solar Energy Center to select 90 co-located schools and emergency shelters in Florida and install 10 kW and larger solar systems with data loggers on each site. The program will include operation and maintenance workshops for

16

THE SCATTERING OF THERMAL RADIATION INTO OPEN UNDERGROUND SHELTERS  

SciTech Connect

Animals placed in open underground shelters at the Nevada Test Site during an atomic weapon test suffered skin burns of an unknown origin. From a study of the burns it was concluded that the causative agent entered the shelter from outside. the causative agent was subject to rectilinear propagation near the entrance. and the causative agent required a relatively unobstructed opening to effect entrance. The two most likely agents for such burns are hot winds and/or hot wind-borne dust that are forced into the shelter as the shock front from the weapon passes the shelter entrances and radiant energy from the fireball that is scattered into the shelter. A study was made to evaluate the contribution made by radiant energy and, if this contributioo proved to be significant, to suggest means of eliminating it. Extensive measurements were made in the laboratory on a scale model of the shelter and direct measurements were made on an actual shelter to ensure the validity of the laboraiory results. A Photronic cell and a MacBeth Illuminometer were used to measure the entryway transmission of total radiant energy. The consistency of the results with extended and point sources for the model shelter and the agreement of these results with those from a point source and sunlight for the underground shelter at the Nevada Test Site lead to considerable confidence in the ability to predict the amount of radiant energy that would reach the animals from a weapon of known size. The energy calculated on the basis of these static measurements is about 1/200 of that required to produce the burns. Although transient effects caused by the rapid heating of the entryway walls could have resulted in a considerable increase in the entyway transmission. It is felt thai radiant important causative agent in producing burns within the shelters. Hot winds and/or hot wind-borne dust are now considered to be the most likely agents. (auth)

Davis, T.P.; Miller, N.D.; Ely, T.S.; Basso, J.A.; Pearse, H.E.

1959-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Solar Hot Water Creates Savings for Homeless Shelters | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Hot Water Creates Savings for Homeless Shelters Solar Hot Water Creates Savings for Homeless Shelters Solar Hot Water Creates Savings for Homeless Shelters July 15, 2010 - 12:10pm Addthis Kevin Craft What are the key facts? Recovery Act funds are being used to install solar hot water systems at 5 Phoenix shelters. The systems will save Phoenox 33,452 kWh of energy -- about $4,000 -- annually. The systems will reduce about 40,000 pounds of carbon emissions annually. "This project will save us a huge amount of money," says Paul Williams, House of Refuge Sunnyslope's Executive Director. Williams is referring to a recent partnership between the state of Arizona and House of Refuge Sunnyslope to install solar hot water systems at five Phoenix-area housing sites for homeless men, which will make an immediate difference at the

18

Morning Temporal Variations of Shelter-Level Specific Humidity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The temporal variation of specific humidity during morning hours was evaluated by analytic and numerical model scaling as well as by observational means. The scaling quantified (i) the gradual increase in the shelter increase humidity as the ...

M. Segal; G. Kallos; J. Brown; M. Mandel

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Lied Animal Shelter Animal campus Renewable Energy Demonstration Project  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Animal Shelter campus plan includes a new adoption center coupled with a dog adoption park, a wellness/veterinary technician education center, a show arena, and an addition to the existing shelter that will accommodate all animal control and sheltering for the Las Vegas Valley. The new facility will provide a sophisticated and innovative presentation of the animals to be adopted in an attempt to improve the public's perception of shelter animals. Additionally, the Regional Animal Campus will be a ''green building'', embodying a design intent on balancing environmental responsiveness, resource efficiency and cultural and community sensitivity. Designing an energy-efficient building helps reduce pollution from burning fossil fuels, reduce disturbance of natural habitats for the harvesting of resources and minimizes global warming. The project will be a leader in the use of renewable energy by relying on photovoltaic panels, wind turbines, and solar collectors to produce a portion of the project's energy needs The building will operate more efficiently in comparison to a typical shelter through the use of monitoring and specialized cooling/heating equipment. Windows bringing in natural daylight will reduce the center's demand for electricity.

Randy Spitzmesser, AIA

2005-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

20

Lied Animal Shelter Animal campus Renewable Energy Demonstration Project  

SciTech Connect

The Animal Shelter campus plan includes a new adoption center coupled with a dog adoption park, a wellness/veterinary technician education center, a show arena, and an addition to the existing shelter that will accommodate all animal control and sheltering for the Las Vegas Valley. The new facility will provide a sophisticated and innovative presentation of the animals to be adopted in an attempt to improve the public's perception of shelter animals. Additionally, the Regional Animal Campus will be a ''green building'', embodying a design intent on balancing environmental responsiveness, resource efficiency and cultural and community sensitivity. Designing an energy-efficient building helps reduce pollution from burning fossil fuels, reduce disturbance of natural habitats for the harvesting of resources and minimizes global warming. The project will be a leader in the use of renewable energy by relying on photovoltaic panels, wind turbines, and solar collectors to produce a portion of the project's energy needs The building will operate more efficiently in comparison to a typical shelter through the use of monitoring and specialized cooling/heating equipment. Windows bringing in natural daylight will reduce the center's demand for electricity.

Randy Spitzmesser, AIA

2005-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

EFFECTS OF AT ATOMIC EXPLOSION ON GROUP AND FAMILY TYPE SHELTERS  

SciTech Connect

Two underground shelters (50-man capacity), one open and one closed, were exposed to Apple I shot, and two were exposed to Apple H shot (at 1050 ft). Three basement exit shelters were exposed to Apple I shot at 1350 ft; four were exposed to Apple II shot, two at 1270 ft, and two at 1470 ft. Groups of three aboveground utility type shelters, one of masonry blocks, one of precast reinforced concrete, and one of poured-in-place reinforced concrete, were placed at concrete bathroom shelters were placed in rambler type houses at 2700 and 10500 ft from Apple II shot. Three types of basement shelters were constructed in two frame houses at 5500 and 7800 ft, and two types of basement shelters were constructed in two brick houses at 4700 and 10500 ft from the same burst. On neither shot was structural damage sustained by the large underground personnel shelters. Occupants of the closed shelter would not have been disturbed by blast, debris, or radiation. Damage to the basement exit shelters was inversely proportional to their distance from Ground Zero (GZ) and was directly proportional to the amount of opening in the entrance. The closed shelter at the greatest distance received the least damage but was not satisfactory as a personnel shelter at the lowest pressure tested. Utility shelters provided unsatisfactory protection from radiation. All indoor family type shelters were satisfactory as tested and would have provided adequate protection for occupants. (auth)

Vortman, L.J.

1955-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Atomic Shelters: Coping with Multi-core Fallout Zachary Ryan Anderson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Atomic Shelters: Coping with Multi-core Fallout Zachary Ryan Anderson David Gay Electrical permission. #12;Atomic Shelters: Coping with Multi-core Fallout Zachary Anderson University of California

Anderson, Zachary

23

Shelter Island, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(Redirected from Shelter Island, NY) (Redirected from Shelter Island, NY) Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 41.0681549°, -72.3386939° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.0681549,"lon":-72.3386939,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

24

EFFECTS OF OVERPRESSURES IN GROUP SHELTERS ON ANIMALS AND DUMMIES  

SciTech Connect

S>Relative biological hazards of blast were studied in two types of communal air-raid shelters during Shots 1 and 8. Dogs, restrained within the shelters during detonation, were studied pathologically and clinically for blast injuries. Two anthropometric dummies were test objects for displacement studies utilizing high-speed photography. Physical data included pressure vs time and air-drag determinations. During Shot 1, animals sustained marked blast damages (hemorrhages in lungs and abdominal organs), three dogs were ataxic. and the dummies were rather violently displaced. In Shot 8, however, no significant injuries were found in the animals, and the dummies were minimally displaced. Analysis of the physical data indicated that blast injuries and violent displacements may occur at much lower static overpressures than previously assumed from conventional explosion data. Furthermore, biological damage appeared to be related to the rate of rise of the overpressure and air drag, as well as the maximum overpressure values. (auth)

Roberts, J.E.; White, C.S.; Chiffelle, T.L.

1953-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Effectiveness of sheltering in buildings and vehicles for plutonium  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this paper is to collect and present current knowledge relevant to the protection offered by sheltering against exposure to plutonium particles released to the atmosphere during accidents. For those many contaminants for which effects are linear with the airborne concentration, it is convenient to define a Dose Reduction Factor (DRF). In the past, the DRF has been defined as the ratio of the radiological dose that may be incurred within the shelter to that in the outdoors. As such, it includes the dose through shine from plumes aloft and from material deposited on the surface. For this paper, which is concerned only with the inhalation pathway, the DRF is the ratio of the time-integrated concentration inside the shelter to that outdoors. It is important to note that the range over which effects are linear with concentration may be limited for many contaminants. Examples are when concentrations produce effects that are irreversible, or when concentrations are below effects threshold levels. 71 refs., 4 figs., 8 tabs.

Engelmann, R.J.

1990-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

26

Effectiveness of Urban Shelter-in-Place. III: Commercial Districts  

SciTech Connect

In the event of a toxic chemical release to the atmosphere, shelter-in-place (SIP) is an emergency response option available to protect public health. This paper is the last in a three-part series that examines the effectiveness of SIP at reducing adverse health effects in communities. We model a hypothetical chemical release in an urban area, and consider SIP effectiveness in protecting occupants of commercial buildings. Building air infiltration rates are predicted from empirical data using an existing model. We consider the distribution of building air infiltration rates both with mechanical ventilation systems turned off and with the systems operating. We also consider the effects of chemical sorption to indoor surfaces and nonlinear chemical dose-response relationships. We find that commercial buildings provide effective shelter when ventilation systems are off, but that any delay in turning off ventilation systems can greatly reduce SIP effectiveness. Using a two-zone model, we find that there can be substantial benefit by taking shelter in the inner parts of a building that do not experience direct air exchange with the outdoors. Air infiltration rates vary substantially among buildings and this variation is important in quantifying effectiveness for emergency response. Community-wide health metrics, introduced in the previous papers in this series, can be applied in pre-event planning and to guide real-time emergency response.

Chan, Wanyu R.; Chan, Wanyu R.; Nazaroff, William W.; Price, Phillip N.; Gadgil, Ashok J.

2007-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

27

EFFECTS OF AN ATOMIC EXPLOSION ON UNDERGROUND AND BASEMENT TYPES OF HOME SHELTERS  

SciTech Connect

Underground earth-covered shelters were exposed G to a 16.4-kt, 300-ft tower shot at ranges of 1230 ft (one), 1450 ft (one), 1860 ft (five), and 3506 ft (one). Two types of basement shelters were constructed in each of the test houses at 3500 and 7500 ft. Instrumentation was by gammaradiation badges, paraffin cubes, and nylon swatches. Attempts were made to measure permanent deflections of concrete roof slabs. Mannequins were placed in several shelters for purposes of demonstration and observation of blast-caused movement. A weighted mannequin in the underground shelter at 1230 it was broken in half; an unweighted one (child size) was thrown to the floor. All other mannequins remained in place, undamaged. Paraffin cubes and nylon swntches showed no evidence of thermal damage. Fallout conditions made it impossible to determine initial gamma-radiation quantities. There was no cracking or permanent deflection of the concrete roof slabs. Except for a wood-covered, trench type shelter, which partially failed because of faulty construction, the shelters showed no blast damage. Thermal energy entering the shelters probably would not have caused skin burns to human occupants. Adequacy of the shelters under full design loads could not be determined because pressures were lower than expected, but the shelter designs were structurally acceptable under test pressures received. (auth)

Byrnes, J.B.

1953-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Alert Today, Alive Tomorrow: The North Carolina Civil Defense Agency and Fallout Shelters, 1961-1963.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??From 1961 to 1963, the administration of President John F. Kennedy attempted to create a vast network of public and private fallout shelters across the… (more)

Blazich, Frank Arthur Jr.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

E-Shelters to Teach a Valuable Lesson on Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

E-Shelters to Teach a Valuable Lesson on Energy E-Shelters to Teach a Valuable Lesson on Energy E-Shelters to Teach a Valuable Lesson on Energy March 12, 2010 - 5:01pm Addthis Paul Lester Communications Specialist for the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy What does this project do? A minimum of 90 Florida schools will receive a 10-kilowatt or larger solar system Teachers will incorporate the systems into their lesson plans, educating students about solar power and energy efficiency. Students will be able to log on to energywhiz.com to learn how much energy their school's solar shelter has created and how long electronic devices can be powered. Florida Energy Center Susan Schleith, SunSmart E-Shelters program manager at Florida Solar Energy Center, stands next to a 10kW photovoltaic system similar to ones that will be installed on

30

Analysis of sheltering and evacuation strategies for an urban nuclear detonation scenario.  

SciTech Connect

Development of an effective strategy for shelter and evacuation is among the most important planning tasks in preparation for response to a low yield, nuclear detonation in an urban area. This study examines shelter-evacuate policies and effectiveness focusing on a 10 kt scenario in Los Angeles. The goal is to provide technical insights that can support development of urban response plans. Results indicate that extended shelter-in-place can offer the most robust protection when high quality shelter exists. Where less effective shelter is available and the fallout radiation intensity level is high, informed evacuation at the appropriate time can substantially reduce the overall dose to personnel. However, uncertainties in the characteristics of the fallout region and in the exit route can make evacuation a risky strategy. Analyses indicate that only a relatively small fraction of the total urban population may experience significant dose reduction benefits from even a well-informed evacuation plan.

Yoshimura, Ann S.; Brandt, Larry D.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Analysis of sheltering and evacuation strategies for a Chicago nuclear detonation scenario.  

SciTech Connect

Development of an effective strategy for shelter and evacuation is among the most important planning tasks in preparation for response to a low yield, nuclear detonation in an urban area. Extensive studies have been performed and guidance published that highlight the key principles for saving lives following such an event. However, region-specific data are important in the planning process as well. This study examines some of the unique regional factors that impact planning for a 10 kt detonation in Chicago. The work utilizes a single scenario to examine regional impacts as well as the shelter-evacuate decision alternatives at selected exemplary points. For many Chicago neighborhoods, the excellent assessed shelter quality available make shelter-in-place or selective transit to a nearby shelter a compelling post-detonation strategy.

Yoshimura, Ann S.; Brandt, Larry D.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Analysis of sheltering and evacuation strategies for a national capital region nuclear detonation scenario.  

SciTech Connect

Development of an effective strategy for shelter and evacuation is among the most important planning tasks in preparation for response to a low yield, nuclear detonation in an urban area. Extensive studies have been performed and guidance published that highlight the key principles for saving lives following such an event. However, region-specific data are important in the planning process as well. This study examines some of the unique regional factors that impact planning for a 10 kT detonation in the National Capital Region. The work utilizes a single scenario to examine regional impacts as well as the shelter-evacuate decision alternatives at one exemplary point. For most Washington, DC neighborhoods, the excellent assessed shelter quality available make shelter-in-place or selective transit to a nearby shelter a compelling post-detonation strategy.

Yoshimura, Ann S.; Brandt, Larry D.

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Appropriate technology water treatment processes for MaeLa Temporary Shelter, Thailand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis recommends the use of horizontal-flow roughing filters to treat spring water of variable annual quality in MaeLa Temporary Shelter, Thailand. The public drinking water system for 45,000 refugees is overseen by ...

Vater, Katherine Ann

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Sustainable shelters for post disaster reconstruction : an integrated approach for reconstruction after the South Asia earthquake  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A year after the South Asia earthquake, over 60% of the survivors are still vulnerable due to the lack of adequate shelter, the absence of basic facilities for water and sanitation and livelihood restoration. The harsh ...

Ali, Zehra (Zehra Hyder)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Impact of Local Convective Cloud Systems on Summer Daytime Shelter Temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The potential impact of daytime local summer convective cloud systems on shelter air temperature is illustrated by numerical modeling and observations. Prolonged reductions in surface solar irradiance due to cloudiness result in a noticeable ...

Moti Segal; Graham Feingold

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Solar heating of integrated greenhouse-animal shelter systems  

SciTech Connect

An analytical procedure to determine the effectiveness of greenhouses as solar collectors was presented. This procedure was used to predict the effect of several construction parameters on solar radiation input to greenhouses. The orientation of the greenhouse was found to be the most effective construction parameter controlling solar radiation input to greenhouses. The effective albedo of the plant canopy was also found to be a significant factor. A new solar greenhouse design, suitable for high latitude regions was developed. The results showed that an internal solar collector could be incorporated as an integral part of the greenhouse design. The concept developed could be used as a free-standing greenhouse or in a combination with livestock building. The efficiency of the solar input was investigated for the conventional and the shed greenhouses, both as a free-standing unit and a greenhouse-animal shelter system, using computer simulation analyses. The results indicated that the efficiency of solar input is highly dependent on location; the effect of location on the shed type design is more profound. A typical case of a greenhouse-hog barn production system was investigated using computer simulation analyses. The results showed that such a food production system achieves a significant reduction in conventional fuel consumption due to both animal waste heat recovery and solar energy utilization.

Ben-Abdallah, N.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Development of a Fuel Containing Material Removal and Waste Management Strategy for the Chernobyl Unit 4 Shelter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A study was performed to develop a strategy for the removal of fuel-containing material (FCM) from the Chernobyl Unit 4 Shelter and for the related waste management. This study was performed during Phase 1 of the Shelter Implementation Plan (SIP) and was funded by the Chernobyl Shelter Fund. The main objective for Phase 2 of the SIP is to stabilize the Shelter and to construct a New Confinement (NC) by the year 2007. In addition, the SIP includes studies on the strategy and on the conceptual design implications of the removal of FCM from the Shelter. This is considered essential for the ultimate goal, the transformation of the Shelter into an environmentally safe system.

Tokarevsky, V. V.; Shibetsky, Y. A.; Leister, P.; Davison, W. R.; Follin, J. F.; McNair, J.; Lins, W.; Edler, G.

2002-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

38

Needs assessment for remote systems technology at the Chornobyl Unit 4 shelter  

SciTech Connect

The accident at Chornobyl Unit 4 on April 26, 1986, resulted in a series of unprecedented scientific and technical challenges. The reactor building was damaged extensively. Following the accident, immediate action was needed to seal off the gaping crater created by the accident, which was a continuing source of airborne contamination. Under extreme conditions, a structure called the {open_quotes}Shelter{close_quotes} was built over the remains of the reactor building. The Shelter, which was quickly completed in November 1986, was meant to provide immediate but temporary containment. Now, 11 years later, there are significant concerns about its structural integrity and projected life expectancy. The United States and other participating G-7 countries are supporting nuclear safety upgrade efforts in Eastern Europe with a primary focus on placing the Chornobyl Nuclear Power Plant (ChNPP) Unit 4 Shelter in a stable and environmentally acceptable condition. Application of remote systems technologies will play an important part in achieving the goals of this program. The G-7 nations have agreed to support these efforts, including the identification and development of remote system technologies for fuel removal. However at this time they have taken a firm stance against funding actual fuel removal activities. The U.S. Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy, Science and Technology requested that a needs assessment be performed to evaluate the requirements for applying remote systems, including robotics, at the Shelter. This document is intended to be used to identify remote systems needs and requirements at the Shelter and to provide general information on the conditions in the Shelter that could impact the use of remote systems. This document is intended as a source of information to assist those who will be implementing the Shelter Implementation Plan tasks. The document provides background information and general guidance on the application of remote systems.

Carteret, B.A. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Holliday, M.A.; Jones, E.D. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)] [and others

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Chernobyl shelter implementation plan -- project development and planning: Setting the stage for progress  

SciTech Connect

On April 26, 1986, the Chernobyl nuclear power plant (NPP) experienced a devastating accident. This accident left much of the plant and its safety systems destroyed with widespread radioactive waste contamination from the damaged nuclear fuel. In the 6 months following the accident, heroic measures were taken to stabilize the situation and erect a temporary confinement shelter over the damaged unit 4. Since that time the shelter and the contained radioactive materials and debris have begun to deteriorate. Lack of funding and staff has allowed only minor improvements to occur on-site, resulting in an existing shelter that is unstable and deteriorating. International aid has been provided to develop a comprehensive plan for the safe and environmentally sound conversion of the damaged Chernobyl reactor. These efforts are being performed in conjunction with US experts, European experts, and local Chernobyl NPP personnel. This plan is discussed here.

Johnson, W. [Parsons Infrastructure and Technology Group, Richland, WA (United States); Kreid, D. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States); DeFranco, W. [Science Applications International Corp., Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Response of dual-purpose reinforced-concrete mass shelter. Project 30. 2 of Operation Plumbbob  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A reinforced-concrete dual-purpose underground parking garage and personnel shelter designed for a long-duration incident pressure of 40 psi was tested. The shelter was exposed to shot Priscilla, an approx. 37-kt 700-ft balloon burst (June 24, 1957), at a ground range of 1600 ft (predicted 35-psi peak incident-pressure level). The recorded peak incident pressure at the shelter was approximately 39 psi. Postshot soil borings were made to obtain undisturbed samples for determining soil characteristics. Preshot and postshot field surveys were made to determine the total lateral and vertical displacement of the structure. The test structure provided adequate protection from the effects of the test device at the test GZ distance. Despite failure of the door sealing gasket, a rise in pressure in the interior did not exceed 1.0 psi. The flat-slab roof and supporting structure were more than adequate to resist the 39-psi peak incident test loading.

Cohen, E.; Laing, E.; Bottenhofer, A.

1961-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Attributes of Indoor Environmental Quality to Earth-sheltered Building Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper discusses the environmental attributes to underground building shape and configuration, materials, structures, use, maintenance, lighting, occupancy, and management. These criteria are hypothesized to be of more influences on the building environment in the cases of underground spaces than in the aboveground. The aim is to approach and link together the many recent architectural and engineering factors that affect indoor environmental quality (IEQ) as a contribution to the affordability and sustainability of present earth sheltered building design and development. To attain its goals, the study develops a conceptual micro-framework of healthy buildings' parameters and economic aspects for evaluating links between sustainable construction and outcomes of health, productivity, and affordability. The conclusion indicates the importance of integrating appropriate technologies into earth sheltered space design, while the recommendations conform with environmental organizations and policies' directives in both their short and long-term development plans to provide affordable and healthy earth sheltered interiors.

Sheta, S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Estimating the Urban Bias of Surface Shelter Temperatures Using Upper-Air and Satellite Data. Part II: Estimation of the Urban Bias  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A methodology is presented for estimating the urban bias of surface shelter temperatures due to the effect of the urban heat island. Multiple regression techniques were used to predict surface shelter temperatures based on the time period 1986?89 ...

David L. Epperson; Jerry M. Davis; Peter Bloomfield; Thomas R. Karl; Alan L. McNab; Kevin P. Gallo

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

GIS representation and assessment of water distribution system for Mae La Temporary Shelter, Thailand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ArcGIS is used to analyze water access in Mae La, Thailand, home to 45,000 residents living as refugees in a temporary camp. Drinking water for the shelter is supplied at public tap stands while water for hygienic purposes ...

Harding, Mary Pierce

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Hard to believe, but our first class of Shelter Medicine Interns complete their year of spe-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hard to believe, but our first class of Shelter Medicine Interns complete their year of spe- specific legislation, and how they can part- ner with their dogs to educate the public about pit but are doing so now, contin- gent upon adopters taking part in the pro- gram. For more information, visit:: www

Keinan, Alon

45

A Model for the Correction of Surface Wind Data for Sheltering by Upwind Obstacles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wakes behind 2D fences and 3D obstacles are reviewed with special emphasis on reduced mean wind speeds and sheltering effects. Based partly on Perera's study of wakes behind 2D fences, and assuming a Gaussian spread for wakes behind 3D obstacles, ...

Peter A. Taylor; James R. Salmon

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Sell-Side Benchmarks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sell-side analysts employ different benchmarks when defining their stock recommendations. For example, a ‘buy ’ for some brokers means the stock is expected to outperform its peers in the same sector (“sector benchmarkers”), while for other brokers it means the stock is expected to outperform the market (“market benchmarkers”), or just some absolute return (“total benchmarkers”). We explore the validity and implications of the adoption of these different benchmarks. Analysis of the relation between analysts ’ recommendations and their long-term growth and earnings forecasts suggests that analysts indeed abide by their benchmarks: Sector benchmarkers rely less on across-industry information, and focus more on ranking firms within their industries. We also find evidence that market- and sector-benchmarkers are successful in meeting or beating their benchmark returns, while total-benchmarkers are not. However, we do not find much evidence that investors react differently to recommendations based on the different benchmarks. The research carries implications for the correct understanding and interpretation of sell-side research and its investment value.

Ohad Kadan; Leonardo Madureira; Rong Wang; Tzachi Zach

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

MHK Projects/Shelter Island Tidal Energy Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Shelter Island Tidal Energy Project Shelter Island Tidal Energy Project < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.0453,"lon":-72.3748,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

48

Thermal Study Proposal Sprint/Nextel Shelters With iDEN EBTS Systems  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Race to Failure" Race to Failure" Energy Storage Program Sprint/Nextel Shelters With iDEN ® EBTS Systems Emerson Network Power Paul Misar Director of Wireless Solutions November 3, 2006 2 Emerson Confidential "Race to Failure" Problem Statement  Wireless communication fails rapidly after commercial power loss  Traditional energy storage (batteries) fail after several hours  Failure mode involves rapid build up of heat within wireless shelters and enclosures  Result: Temperature sensitive telecom electronics are forced to thermally shut down prior to depletion of on site energy storage  Solution must address the following at the Telecom Site: - Lack of thermal energy storage (cooling) - Lack of extended DC power back up (batteries) - Leverage existing energy storage at site

49

MHK Projects/GCK Technology Shelter Island NY US | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Shelter Island NY US Shelter Island NY US < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.0682,"lon":-72.3387,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

50

EVALUATION OF FCDA FAMILY SHELTER, MARK I, FOR PROTECTION AGAINST NUCLEAR WEAPONS. Preliminary Report  

SciTech Connect

An underground reinforced-concrete family shelter designed for six persons was tested at three anticipated nuclear blast overpressures: 30, 48, and 65 psi. The structures were calculated to sustain a 30-psi long-duration overpressure. Postshot examination of all shelters lndicated there was little or no deflection in the reinforced-concrete members. Although the actual blast load was of short duration, the natural period for the structures was also shortp therefore it is felt that the structures would withstand similar overpressures from long-duration blast loadings. The average attenuation factor for gamma radiation varied from 3000 to 4500. Permanent damage was confined to the exposed portions of the ventilation pipes, which were bent to a nearly horizontal position. The steel-plate door at the 65-psi level was dished inward about 1 1/4 in., but it opened and closed easily. (authl

FitzSimons, N.

1957-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

NUclear EVacuation Analysis Code (NUEVAC) : a tool for evaluation of sheltering and evacuation responses following urban nuclear detonations.  

SciTech Connect

The NUclear EVacuation Analysis Code (NUEVAC) has been developed by Sandia National Laboratories to support the analysis of shelter-evacuate (S-E) strategies following an urban nuclear detonation. This tool can model a range of behaviors, including complex evacuation timing and path selection, as well as various sheltering or mixed evacuation and sheltering strategies. The calculations are based on externally generated, high resolution fallout deposition and plume data. Scenario setup and calculation outputs make extensive use of graphics and interactive features. This software is designed primarily to produce quantitative evaluations of nuclear detonation response options. However, the outputs have also proven useful in the communication of technical insights concerning shelter-evacuate tradeoffs to urban planning or response personnel.

Yoshimura, Ann S.; Brandt, Larry D.

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Effects of a standardized obedience program on approachability and problem behaviors in dogs from rescue shelters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Improved adoptability is a common goal among rescue shelters. Dogs are more likely to be adopted if they are friendly, mannerly, and approachable. The possibility of improving rescue shelter dogs' behavior through an obedience program has not been examined. We developed an approachability test to determine whether dogs became more approachable during and after a standardized 12-week obedience program. We also quantified jumping behavior and pulling on the leash to measure if these problematic behaviors also improved through training. The subjects consisted of 26 dogs donated to the Triple Crown School for Professional Dog Trainers for one of the 12-week sessions. The approach test was administered six times, at two-week intervals. The tests were videotaped and jumping and pulling behaviors were quantified after testing. Scores for approachability were based on the proximity between the tester and the dog at the end of each test. For the dogs that completed all 12 weeks of the study, contingency analyses were performed for each behavioral measure. Relative to the start of the 12-week training program, the dogs became more approachable (ptraining as a tool for increasing a rescue shelter dog's adoptability and permanence once placed in a home.

Hays, Lauren Denise

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

DRAFT-- DO NOT CITE Subsidized Housing, Emergency Shelters, and Homelessness: An Empirical Investigation Using Data from the 1990 Census  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper uses the S-Night counts of persons in homeless shelters and living on the streets from the 1990 Decennial census to study the causes of variation in rates of homelessness across metropolitan areas. The effects of several policies are explored. Specifically, we estimate the importance of emergency homeless shelters and federally subsidized housing as solutions to the problem of homelessness. The results suggest that the expansion of homeless shelters has led to an increase in the total number of homeless persons. Additional shelters induce some households to leave the worst traditional housing situations. We find no evidence in support of the notion that increasing the number of federally subsidized units would decrease the number of homeless. However, our estimates suggest that a city can lower the rate of homelessness by targeting subsidized housing toward the very poor. Considerable debate exists over which policies are the most successful at reducing the number of homeless. This study uses data from the 1990 decennial census to estimate the effectiveness of, among other things, the expansion of homeless shelters and the availability and targeting of subsidized housing. The results suggest that the introduction of emergency shelters for the homeless has led to an increase in the number of homeless in the U.S. No evidence is found to support the notion that a general increase in the number of subsidized units will decrease the total number of homeless. However, estimates suggest that federally subsidized housing targeted toward the poor reduces the rate of homelessness.

Dirk W. Early; Edgar O. Olsen

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

1995 Demand-Side Managment  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Electric Utility Demand-Side Management 1995 January 1997 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels

55

BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF PRESSURE PHENOMENA OCCURRING INSIDE PROTECTIVE SHELTERS FOLLOWING A NUCLEAR DETONATION  

SciTech Connect

In two series of experiments 277 experimental animals, including 66 dogs, 52 rabbits, 52 guinea pigs, 63 rats, and 44 mice, were exposed under selected conditions in six different general types of instrumented above- and belowground shelters to blast produced by nuclear explosions. The distance of the several structures from Ground Zero ranged from 1050 to 5500 ft. The most severe alterations in the pressure environment occurring inside the structures followed the detonation of a nuclear device with a yield approximately 50% greater than nominal. The highest overpressure to which animals were exposed was 85.8 psi, the rise time of which was 4 msec. The overpressure endured for about 570 msec. Overpressures ranged from this maximum downward in 15 other exposure situations to a minimum of 1.3 psi enduring for nearly 1346 msec but rising to a maximum in about 420 msec. The latter pressure occurred inside a reinforced concrete bathroom shelter, which was the only surviving part of a house otherwise totally destroyed, at 4700 ft where the outside incident pressure was about 5 psi. Following the nuclear explosions, all animals were recovered, examined, sacrificed, and subjected to gross and microscopic pathological study. All lesions were tabulated and described. The results of pressure-time data, documenting the variations on the pressure environment, are presented and analyzed, and an exploratory attempt is made to relate the alterations in the pressure environment to the associated pathology observed. A critical review of selected material from the blast and related literature is presented. All data are discussed, and the several problems related to the design and construction of protective shelters are noted and briefly, but analytically, assessed. The most outstanding contribution of the field experiments and the related study of the literature was the unequivocal demonstration that the provision of adequate protective structures can indeed be an effective means of sharply reducing casualties which would otherwise be associated with the detonation of modern large-scale explosive devices. (auth)

White, C.S.; Chiffelle, T.L.; Richmond, D.R.; Lockyear, W.H.; Bowen, I.G.; Goldizen, V.C.; Merideth, H.W.; Kilgore, D.E.; Longwell, B.B.; Parker, J.T.; Sherping, F.; Cribb, M.E.

1956-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Architectural Design Factors Of Domestic Violence Shelters That Affect Outcomes For Female Domestic Violence Victims: A Naturalistic Inquiry To Establish Grounded Theory For Future Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Designing domestic violence shelters for women must be considered from a feminist perspective, inclusive of theories of embodiment, as the female victim's emotional state (mind) is a critical component in determining her overall state (i.e., level of distress). The primary objective of this study (Specific Aim 1) was to identify the mental and emotional state of female domestic violence victims upon entry into a shelter as a means of establishing specific user needs which should directly impact the design of the shelter. The primary hypothesis (Hypothesis 1) was that upon entry into a shelter environment, victims are experiencing high levels of distress compared to normative controls. The secondary objective of this study (Specific Aim 2) was to identify shelter users? perceptions of the current shelter environment in which they lived as a foundation for matching specific design criteria with the specific needs of the female domestic violence victim (i.e., stress reduction) in an attempt to understand the relationship between user needs and individual design characteristics of the shelter. The secondary exploratory hypothesis (Hypothesis 2) was that anxiety or stress is reduced over time; therefore, the architectural design of a shelter that promotes independence will result in less distress among domestic violence victims utilizing the shelter. Thirty-three domestic violence victims in Fort Worth, Texas participated in focus groups and interviews conducted over a four-month period of time in 2009. Qualitative analysis of this data yielded four emergent themes: (1) loss of independence and control: the second layer of fear; (2) the search for security; (3) reconnecting to self; and (4) expressions of humanity. Quantitative analysis was utilized to measure participant stress levels at three intervals during their thirty day shelter program: (1) within the first twenty-four hours of shelter entry; (2) seven to ten days after shelter entry; and (3) fourteen or more days after shelter entry. Findings of this researcher have been utilized to generate design objectives that can be extrapolated to apply to other locations of shelters and could impact the design of new facilities as well as the redesign of current shelters.

Prestwood, Laura E.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

The consumer's guide to earth sheltered housing: A step-by-step workbook for prospective owners  

SciTech Connect

Earth sheltered homes have captured the imagination of many homeowners seeking the cost and energy savings features they offer. This book provides the discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of such homes and includes illustrations showing interiors and exteriors with advise to owners on dealine with architects and contractors.

Rollwagen, M.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Side by Side Testing of Water Heating Systems  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Florida Florida A Research Institute of the University of Central Florida Side by Side Testing of Water Heating Systems Residential Energy Efficiency Stakeholder Meeting Austin , Texas March 1st, 2012 Carlos J. Colon carlos@fsec.ucf.edu FLORIDA SOLAR ENERGY CENTER - A Research Institute of the University of Central Florida Hot Water Systems (HWS) Laboratory FSEC Cocoa, Florida 3 2009 -Present (Currently in third testing rotation) FLORIDA SOLAR ENERGY CENTER - A Research Institute of the University of Central Florida Underground Circulation Loop * Solar circulation Loop 140+ feet of ½" copper tubing * Encased in PVC tubing with R-2.4 insulation * ICS to 50 gallon storage tank path need to

59

Brushless machine having ferromagnetic side plates and side magnets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An apparatus is provided having a cylindrical stator and a rotor that is spaced from a stator to define an annular primary air gap that receives AC flux from the stator. The rotor has a plurality of longitudinal pole portions disposed parallel to the axis of rotation and alternating in polarity around a circumference of the rotor. Each longitudinal pole portion includes portions of permanent magnet (PM) material and at least one of the longitudinal pole portions has a first end and an opposing second end and a side magnet is disposed adjacent the first end and a side pole is disposed adjacent the second end.

Hsu, John S

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

60

Successful demand-side management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article is a brief summary of a series of case studies of five publicly-owned utilities that are noted for their success with demand-side management. These utilities are: (1) city of Austin, Texas, (2) Burlington Electric Department in Vermont, (3) Sacramento Municipal Utility District in California, (4) Seattle City Light, and (5) Waverly Light and Power in Iowa. From these case studies, the authors identified a number of traits associated with a successful demand-side management program. These traits are: (1) high rates, (2) economic factors, (3) environmental awareness, (4) state emphasis on integrated resource planning/demand side management, (5) local political support, (6) large-sized utilities, and (7) presence of a champion.

Hadley, S. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, TN (United States); Flanigan, T. [Results Center, Aspen, CO (United States)

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

FPGA side-channel receivers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The popularity of FPGAs is rapidly growing due to the unique advantages that they offer. However, their distinctive features also raise new questions concerning the security and communication capabilities of an FPGA-based hardware platform. In this paper, ... Keywords: ddr2, fpga, i2c, phase shift, side-channel receiver, thermal

Ji Sun; Ray Bittner; Ken Eguro

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Demand-Side Management Glossary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, demand-side management (DSM) programs have grown in significance within the U.S. electric power industry. Such rapid growth has resulted in new terms, standards, and vocabulary used by DSM professionals. This report is a first attempt to provide a consistent set of definitions for the expanding DSM terminology.

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Side Stream Filtration for Cooling Towers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

treatment in addition to the side stream filtration, mechanical cleaning of the heat exchangers can be reduced and efficiency increased (Wymore, 2003). 7 2 Side Stream...

64

Electric Utility Demand-Side Management 1997  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Electric Utility Demand-Side Management 1997 Executive Summary Background Demand-side management (DSM) programs consist of the planning, implementing, and monitoring ...

65

Vinyl Siding Institute (VSI) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

profile. Create one now Vinyl Siding Institute (VSI) is a company located in Washington, DC. References Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleVinylSidingInstitu...

66

BLAST BIOLOGY--A STUDY OF THE PRIMARY AND TERTIARY EFFECTS OF BLAST IN OPEN UNDERGROUND PROTECTIVE SHELTERS  

SciTech Connect

Dogs, pigs, rabbits, guinea pigs, and mice were exposed to nuclear detonatiors in two open underground pantitioned shelters. The shelters were of similar constructions and each was exposed to separate detonations. Each inner chamber filled through its own orifice; thus four separate pressure enviromments were obtained. An aerodynamic mound was placed over the escape hatch of each structure to determine its effect on the pressurecurve shape inside the chamber. In one test a sieve plate bolted across the top of the mound was evaluated. Wind protective baffles of solid plate and of heavy wire screen were installed in the shelters to compare primary and tertiary blast effects on dogs. The shelters also contained static and dynamic pressure gages, radiation detectors, telemetering devices, and, in one test, air-temperature measuring instruments, dustcollecting trays, and eight pigs for the biological assessment of thermal effects. One dog was severely injured from tertiary blast effects associated with a maximal dynamic pressure (Q) of 10.5 psi, and one was undamaged with a maximal Q of 2 psi. Primary blast effects resulting from peak overpressures of 30.3, 25.5, 9.5. and 4.1 psi were minimal. The mortality was 19 per cent of the mice exposed to a peak pressure of 30.3 psi and 5 and 3 per cent of the guinea pigs and mice exposed to a peak pressure of 25.5 psi. Many of the rabbits, guinea pigs, and mice sustained slight lung hemorrhages at maximum pressures of 25.5 and 30.3 psi. Eardrum perforation data for all species, except mice, were recorded. Following shot 2, thermal effects were noted. Animals of the groups saved for observation have died from ionizing-radiation effects. (auth)

Ricmond, D.R.; Taborelli, R.V.; Bowen, I.G.; Chiffelle, T.L.; Hirsch, F.G.; Longwell, B.B.; Riley, J.G.; White, C.S.; Sherping, F.; Goldizen, V.C.; Ward, J.D.; Wetherbe, M.B.; Clare, V.R.; Kuhn, M.L.; Sanchez, R.T.

1959-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

VERTICAL MIGRATION OF RADIONUCLIDES IN THE VICINITY OF THE CHERNOBYL CONFINEMENT SHELTER  

SciTech Connect

Studies on vertical migration of Chernobyl-origin radionuclides in the 5-km zone of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant (ChNPP) in the area of the Red Forest experimental site were completed. Measurements were made by gamma spectrometric methods using high purity germanium (HPGe) detectors with beryllium windows. Alpha-emitting isotopes of plutonium were determined by the measurement of the x-rays from their uranium progeny. The presence of {sup 60}Co, {sup 134,137}Cs, {sup 154,155}Eu, and {sup 241}Am in all soil layers down to a depth of 30 cm was observed. The presence of {sup 137}Cs and {sup 241}Am were noted in the area containing automorphous soils to a depth of 60 cm. In addition, the upper soil layers at the test site were found to contain {sup 243}Am and {sup 243}Cm. Over the past ten years, the {sup 241}Am/{sup 137}Cs ratio in soil at the experimental site has increased by a factor of 3.4, nearly twice as much as would be predicted based solely on radioactive decay. This may be due to 'fresh' fallout emanating from the ChNPP Confinement Shelter.

Farfan, E.; Jannik, T.; Marra, J.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Demand Side Bidding. Final Report  

SciTech Connect

This document sets forth the final report for a financial assistance award for the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) to enhance coordination between the building operators and power system operators in terms of demand-side responses to Location Based Marginal Pricing (LBMP). Potential benefits of this project include improved power system reliability, enhanced environmental quality, mitigation of high locational prices within congested areas, and the reduction of market barriers for demand-side market participants. NARUC, led by its Committee on Energy Resources and the Environment (ERE), actively works to promote the development and use of energy efficiency and clean distributive energy policies within the framework of a dynamic regulatory environment. Electric industry restructuring, energy shortages in California, and energy market transformation intensifies the need for reliable information and strategies regarding electric reliability policy and practice. NARUC promotes clean distributive generation and increased energy efficiency in the context of the energy sector restructuring process. NARUC, through ERE's Subcommittee on Energy Efficiency, strives to improve energy efficiency by creating working markets. Market transformation seeks opportunities where small amounts of investment can create sustainable markets for more efficient products, services, and design practices.

Spahn, Andrew

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

69

Are they equal yet. [Demand side management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Demand-side management (DSM) is considered an important tool in meeting the load growth of many utilities. Northwest regional and utility resource plans forecast demand-side resources to meet from one-half to two-thirds of additional electrical energy needs over the next 10 years. Numerous sources have stated that barriers, both regulatory and financial, exist to utility acquisition of demand-side resources. Regulatory actions are being implemented in Oregon to make demand-side investments competitive with supply-side investments. In 1989, the Oregon Public Utility Commission (PUC) took two actions regarding demand-side investments. The PUC's Order 89-1700 directed utilities to capitalize demand-side investments to properly match amortization expense with the multiyear benefits provided by DSM. The PUC also began an informal investigation concerning incentives for Oregon's regulated electric utilities to acquire demand-side resources.

Irwin, K.; Phillips-Israel, K.; Busch, E.

1994-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

70

Discriminatory Lossy Source Coding: Side Information Privacy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A lossy source coding problem is studied in which a source encoder communicates with two decoders, one with and one without correlated side information with an additional constraint on the privacy of the side information at the uninformed decoder. Two cases of this problem arise depending on the availability of the side information at the encoder. The set of all feasible rate-distortion-equivocation tuples are characterized for both cases. The difference between the informed and uninformed cases and the advantages of encoder side information for enhancing privacy are highlighted for a binary symmetric source with erasure side information and Hamming distortion.

Tandon, Ravi; Poor, H Vincent

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

NREL: Computational Science - Scott W. Sides  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scott W. Sides Scott W. Sides Computational Materials Scientist Scientist Scott Sides Phone: (303) 275-4122 Email: Scott.Sides@nrel.gov At NREL Since: 2013 Dr. Scott Sides is a computational physicist with a wide range of simulation experience that includes using classical molecular dynamics and numerical self-consistent field theory to study polymer structure and dynamics. Dr. Sides graduated in 1998, and his studies included using kinetic Ising models to measure the lifetimes of metastable states in static fields and the time-dependent response in sinusoidal fields. In his postdoctoral research at Sandia National Laboratories he worked with Dr. Gary Grest studying adhesion in dense polymer melts and using molecular dynamics to validate PRISM theory and scattering data for PDMS. In 2001 he

72

List of Siding Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Siding Incentives Siding Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 45 Siding Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 45) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active Anaheim Public Utilities - Commercial & Industrial New Construction Rebate Program Utility Rebate Program California Commercial Industrial Institutional Boilers Building Insulation Caulking/Weather-stripping Central Air conditioners Chillers Comprehensive Measures/Whole Building Compressed air Duct/Air sealing Energy Mgmt. Systems/Building Controls Equipment Insulation Furnaces Heat pumps Heat recovery Lighting Lighting Controls/Sensors Motor VFDs Motors Processing and Manufacturing Equipment Roofs Siding Water Heaters Windows Yes Anaheim Public Utilities - Green Building Rebate Program (California) Utility Rebate Program California Commercial

73

Integration of Demand Side Management, Distributed Generation...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon Integration of Demand Side Management, Distributed Generation, Renewable Energy Sources, and Energy Storages:...

74

Electric Utility Demand-Side Management  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Demand side management (DSM) activities in the electric power industry. The report presents a general discussion of DSM, its history, current issues, and a ...

75

Available Technologies: Energy Efficient Condensing Side ...  

Integral to the side-arm component is a simple system for capturing heat from the water vapor in the combustion products ...

76

Electric Utility Demand-Side Management 1997  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

DOE/EIA-0589(97) Distribution Category UC-950 U.S. Electric Utility Demand-Side Management 1997 December 1998 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal ...

77

Side-emitting fiber optic position sensor  

SciTech Connect

A side-emitting fiber optic position sensor and method of determining an unknown position of an object by using the sensor. In one embodiment, a concentrated beam of light source illuminates the side of a side-emitting fiber optic at an unknown axial position along the fiber's length. Some of this side-illuminated light is in-scattered into the fiber and captured. As the captured light is guided down the fiber, its intensity decreases due to loss from side-emission away from the fiber and from bulk absorption within the fiber. By measuring the intensity of light emitted from one (or both) ends of the fiber with a photodetector(s), the axial position of the light source is determined by comparing the photodetector's signal to a calibrated response curve, look-up table, or by using a mathematical model. Alternatively, the side-emitting fiber is illuminated at one end, while a photodetector measures the intensity of light emitted from the side of the fiber, at an unknown position. As the photodetector moves further away from the illuminated end, the detector's signal strength decreases due to loss from side-emission and/or bulk absorption. As before, the detector's signal is correlated to a unique position along the fiber.

Weiss, Jonathan D. (Albuquerque, NM)

2008-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

78

Definition: Demand Side Management | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Side Management Side Management Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Demand Side Management The term for all activities or programs undertaken by Load-Serving Entity or its customers to influence the amount or timing of electricity they use.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Energy demand management, also known as demand side management (DSM), is the modification of consumer demand for energy through various methods such as financial incentives and education. Usually, the goal of demand side management is to encourage the consumer to use less energy during peak hours, or to move the time of energy use to off-peak times such as nighttime and weekends. Peak demand management does not necessarily decrease total energy consumption, but could be expected to reduce the need

79

Micro economics for demand-side management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper aims to interpret Demand-Side Management (DSM) activity and to point out its problems, adopting microeconomics as an analytical tool. Two major findings follow. first, the cost-benefit analysis currently in use ...

Kibune, Hisao

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Proceedings: Demand-Side Management Incentive Regulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

These proceedings provide background information on proposed regulatory incentive mechanisms to encourage utilities to develop demand-side management programs. Attendees discussed and analyzed various proposals and techniques and developed lists of key attributes that incentive mechanisms should have.

None

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Time resolved side scatter diagnostics at NOVA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Side scattering of the radiation during the interaction of a laser beam with the long scale length plasma in hohlraum is a difficult problem of relevance to the viability of ICF. It is important to measure the absolute amount of the laser side scatter as well as the angular distribution of that scatter. The OSA diagnostics has been implemented on NOVA to measure these quantities. We have implemented a fiber-optically coupled streak camera to measure the temporally and angularly resolved side scatter radiation at 351 nm at 9 different angles. Filtered PIN diodes were positioned at 31 various angles in the E-field planed and B-field plane of the incident probe beam to sample and measure the scattered radiation at the 351 nm wavelength of the probe. The diode data was used to calibrate the Brillouin power received by the 9 strategically located fiber optic channels. This presentation will describe the OSA and associated diagnostics.

Kyrala, G.A.; Evans, S.C.; Jimerson, J.R.; Fernandez, J.C.

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Channel simulation with quantum side information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study and solve the problem of classical channel simulation with quantum side information at the receiver. This is a generalization of both the classical reverse Shannon theorem, and the classical-quantum Slepian-Wolf problem. The optimal noiseless communication rate is found to be reduced from the mutual information between the channel input and output by the Holevo information between the channel output and the quantum side information. Our main theorem has two important corollaries. The first is a quantum generalization of the Wyner-Ziv problem: rate-distortion theory with quantum side information. The second is an alternative proof of the trade-off between classical communication and common randomness distilled from a quantum state. The fully quantum generalization of the problem considered is quantum state redistribution. Here the sender and receiver share a mixed quantum state and the sender wants to transfer part of her state to the receiver using entanglement and quantum communication. We present o...

Luo, Z; Devetak, Igor; Luo, Zhicheng

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Prevalence of Salmonella sp. in domestic cats in an animal shelter and the comparison of culture and polymerase chain reaction techniques as diagnostic tools  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Previous studies on the prevalence of Salmonella in cats have used a variety of culture methods producing a variety of results, but none have been compared to PCR. Using a double enrichment protocol developed at Texas Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory the prevalence of Salmonella in shelter cat feces was determined in this current study. The culture protocol used included Xylose Lysine Tergitol 4 (XLT4) and MacConkey (MAC) agars with a primary enrichment in Tetrathionate broth (TTH) with iodine and a secondary enrichment in Rappoport-Vassilaidis R10 broth (RV). This study further modified an equine PCR technique and demonstrated its successful use in cats. When comparing the results of the two protocols, PCR and culture, it was found that the procedures are equally adequate at detecting the presence of Salmonella in cat feces. This study further confirmed that Salmonella is a potential hazard for families who adopt shelter cats.

Lee, Melinda J.

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Defending against side-channel attacks : DynamoREA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modern computer architectures are prone to leak information about their applications through side-channels caused by micro-architectural side-effects. Through these side-channels, attackers can launch timing attacks by ...

Wen, David, M. Eng. (David Y.). Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Blast biology: a study of the primary and tertiary effects of blast in open underground protective shelters. Project 33. 1 of Operation Plumbbob  

SciTech Connect

Dogs, pigs, rabbits, guinea pigs, and mice were exposed to nuclear detonations in two open underground partitioned shelters. The shelters were of similar construction, and each was exposed to separate detonations. Each inner chamber filled through its own orifice; thus four separate pressure environments were obtained. An aerodynamic mound was placed over the escape hatch of each structure to determine its effect on the pressure-curve shape inside the chamber. In one test a sieve plate bolted across the top of the mound was evaluated. Wind protective baffles of solid plate and of heavy wire screen were installed in the shelters to compare primary and tertiary blast effects on dogs. The shelters also contained static and dynamic pressure gages, radiation detectors, telemetering devices, and, in one test, air-temperature measuring instruments, dust-collecting trays, and eight pigs for the biological assessment of thermal effects. One dog was severely injured from tertiary blast effects associated with a maximal dynamic pressure (Q) of 10.5 psi, and one was undamaged with a maximal Q of 2 psi. Primary blast effects resulting from peak overpressures of 30.3, 25.5, 9.5, and 4.1 psi were minimal. The mortality was 19% of the mice exposed to a peak pressure of 30.3 psi and 5 and 3% of the guinea pigs and mice exposed to a peak pressure of 25.5 psi. Many of the rabbits, guinea pigs, and mice sustained slight lung hemorrhages at maximum pressues of 25.5 and 30.3 psi. Eardrum perforation data for all species, except mice, were recorded. Following shot 2, thermal effects were noted. Animals of the groups saved for observation have died from ionizing-radiation effects.

Ricmond, D.R.; Taborelli, R.V.; Bowen, I.G.

1959-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Side-Channel leakage across borders  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

More and more embedded devices store sensitive information that is protected by means of cryptography. The confidentiality of this data is threatened by information leakage via side channels like the power consumption or the electromagnetic radiation. ... Keywords: I/O pin, microcontroller, optocoupler, power analysis, serial interface

Jörn-Marc Schmidt; Thomas Plos; Mario Kirschbaum; Michael Hutter; Marcel Medwed; Christoph Herbst

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Solar cell with back side contacts  

SciTech Connect

A III-V solar cell is described herein that includes all back side contacts. Additionally, the positive and negative electrical contacts contact compoud semiconductor layers of the solar cell other than the absorbing layer of the solar cell. That is, the positive and negative electrical contacts contact passivating layers of the solar cell.

Nielson, Gregory N; Okandan, Murat; Cruz-Campa, Jose Luis; Resnick, Paul J; Wanlass, Mark Woodbury; Clews, Peggy J

2013-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

88

U.S. Electric Utility Demand-Side Management 1999  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Electric Utility Demand-Side Management 1999 Executive Summary Background Demand-side management (DSM) programs consist of the planning, implementing, and monitoring ...

89

Research Needs: Glass Solar Reflectance and Vinyl Siding  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research Needs: Glass Solar Reflectance and Vinyl Siding Title Research Needs: Glass Solar Reflectance and Vinyl Siding Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-5022E Year...

90

Network-Driven Demand Side Management Website | Open Energy Informatio...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Side Management Website Jump to: navigation, search Name Network-Driven Demand Side Management Website Abstract This task of the International Energy Agency is a broad,...

91

Draft Chapter 3: Demand-Side Resources | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Draft Chapter 3: Demand-Side Resources Draft Chapter 3: Demand-Side Resources Utilities in many states have been implementing energy efficiency and load management programs...

92

Event:CDKN/MAPS side event: developing countries collaborating...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CDKNMAPS side event: developing countries collaborating for climate compatible development Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png CDKNMAPS side event: developing countries...

93

South Korea-ANL Distributed Energy Resources and Demand Side...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Korea-ANL Distributed Energy Resources and Demand Side Management Jump to: navigation, search Name Distributed Energy Resources and Demand Side Management in South Korea Agency...

94

Floating LNG terminal and LNG carrier interaction analysis for side-by-side offloading operation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Floating LNG terminals are a relatively new concept with the first such terminal in the world installed this year. The hydrodynamic interaction effects between the terminal and a LNG carrier in a side-by-side offloading arrangement is investigated. The side-byside arrangement is compared with each body floating alone to identify the interaction effects. The hydrodynamic coefficients are obtained using the Constant Panel Method and the analysis of body motions, mooring line tensions are done in time domain. The relative motion between the two bodies is analyzed using WAMIT in frequency domain and WINPOST in time domain to ascertain the offloading operability of the terminal under 1 year storm condition.

Kuriakose, Vinu P.

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Is Demand-Side Management Economically Justified?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 7 Is Demand-Side Management Economically Justified? With billions of dollars being spent on demand-side management programs in the U.S. every year, the rationale for and performance of these programs are coming under increasing scrutiny. Three projects in the Energy Analysis Program are making significant contributions to the DSM debate. *Total Resource Cost Test Ratio = ratio of utility avoided costs (i.e., benefits) divided by total cost of program (i.e., Administrative Cost + Incentive Cost + Consumer Cost) In May, Joe Eto, Ed Vine, Leslie Shown, Chris Payne, and I released the first in a series of reports we authored from the Database on Energy Efficiency Programs (DEEP) project. The objective of DEEP is to document the measured cost and performance of utility-sponsored energy-efficiency

96

Side Stream Filtration for Cooling Towers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Side Stream Filtration Side Stream Filtration for Cooling Towers Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Federal Energy Management Program By Pacific Northwest National Laboratory X. Duan, J.L. Williamson, K.L McMordie Stoughton and B.K. Boyd October 2012 FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM i Contact Will Lintner, PE Federal Energy Management Program U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave. SW Washington, DC 20585-0121 Phone: (202) 586-3120 E-mail: william.lintner@ee.doe.gov Cover photo: Cooling Towers. Photo from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory ii Acknowledgements The authors of the report would like to thank the following individuals that provided support to

97

System Demand-Side Management: Regional results  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

To improve the Bonneville Power Administration's (Bonneville's) ability to analyze the value and impacts of demand-side programs, Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) developed and implemented the System Demand-Side Management (SDSM) model, a microcomputer-based model of the Pacific Northwest Public Power system. This document outlines the development and application of the SDSM model, which is an hourly model. Hourly analysis makes it possible to examine the change in marginal revenues and marginal costs that accrue from the movement of energy consumption from daytime to nighttime. It also allows a more insightful analysis of programs such as water heater control in the context of hydroelectric-based generation system. 7 refs., 10 figs., 10 tabs.

Englin, J.E.; Sands, R.D.; De Steese, J.G.; Marsh, S.J.

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

The quantum capacity with symmetric side channels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an upper bound for the quantum channel capacity that is both additive and convex. Our bound can be interpreted as the capacity of a channel for high-fidelity quantum communication when assisted by a family of channels that have no capacity on their own. This family of assistance channels, which we call symmetric side channels, consists of all channels mapping symmetrically to their output and environment. The bound seems to be quite tight, and for degradable quantum channels it coincides with the unassisted channel capacity. Using this symmetric side channel capacity, we find new upper bounds on the capacity of the depolarizing channel. We also briefly indicate an analogous notion for distilling entanglement using the same class of (one-way) channels, yielding one of the few entanglement measures that is monotonic under local operations with one-way classical communication (1-LOCC), but not under the more general class of local operations with classical communication (LOCC).

Graeme Smith; John A. Smolin; Andreas Winter

2006-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

99

DC side filters for multiterminal HVDC systems  

SciTech Connect

Multiterminal HVDC systems present challenges in the specification and design of suitable dc side filtering. This document examines the existing experience and addresses the particular technical problems posed by multiterminal systems. The filtering requirements of small taps are discussed, as is the potential use of active filters. Aspects of calculation and design are considered and recommendations made to guide the planners and designers of future multiterminal schemes.

Shore, N.L.; Adamson, K.; Bard, P. [and others

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Seaport Land-Side Equipment Electrification Opportunities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The air quality problems associated at the Ports, have become a widely discussed issue facing cargo handling in recent years. While growth is necessary for economic health, the pollution emitted is growing as well. This study gives an overview of the many aspects of the port that can be considered for electrification. The emphasis of the work is a complete review of the land side equipment. Primary equipment includes: terminal tractors, forklifts, top loaders, empty container handlers, non-road vehicles,...

2006-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Proceedings: Demand-side management incentive regulation  

SciTech Connect

These proceedings document a workshop on Demand-Side Management Incentive Regulation, which was held in Denver, Colorado on August 16--17, 1989. The workshop provided a forum for discussion of current DSM programs and trends and their implications; fundamentals and rationale for incentive mechanisms; short- and long-term issues from the utility perspective; and approaches for enhancing the attractiveness of DSM incentive mechanisms. Attendees at this workshop included DSM managers, planners, and analysts.

Not Available

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Channel simulation with quantum side information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study and solve the problem of classical channel simulation with quantum side information at the receiver. This is a generalization of both the classical reverse Shannon theorem, and the classical-quantum Slepian-Wolf problem. The optimal noiseless communication rate is found to be reduced from the mutual information between the channel input and output by the Holevo information between the channel output and the quantum side information. Our main theorem has two important corollaries. The first is a quantum generalization of the Wyner-Ziv problem: rate-distortion theory with quantum side information. The second is an alternative proof of the trade-off between classical communication and common randomness distilled from a quantum state. The fully quantum generalization of the problem considered is quantum state redistribution. Here the sender and receiver share a mixed quantum state and the sender wants to transfer part of her state to the receiver using entanglement and quantum communication. We present outer and inner bounds on the achievable rate pairs.

Zhicheng Luo; Igor Devetak

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Polarons, Bipolarons, and Side-By-Side Polarons in Reduction of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Polarons, Bipolarons, and Side-By-Side Polarons in Reduction of Polarons, Bipolarons, and Side-By-Side Polarons in Reduction of Oligofluorenes Lori Zaikowski, Parmeet Kaur, Claudia Gelfond, Elicia Selvaggio, Sadayuki Asaoka, Qin Wu, Hung-Cheng Chen, Norihiko Takeda, Andrew R. Cook, Alex Yang, John Rosanelli and John R. Miller J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134, 10852-10863 (2012). [Find paper at ACS Publications] Abstract: The nature of charge carriers in conjugated polymers was elucidated through optical spectroscopy following single- and multielectron reduction of 2,7-(9,9-dihexylfluorene) oligomers, Fn, n = 1-10, yielding spectra with the two bands typical of polarons upon single reduction. For short oligomers addition of a second electron gave a single band demonstrating the classic polaron-bipolaron transition. However, for long oligomers

104

Side-by-Side Comparison of Particle Count and Mass Concentration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Side-by-Side Comparison of Particle Count and Mass Concentration Side-by-Side Comparison of Particle Count and Mass Concentration Measurements in a Residence Title Side-by-Side Comparison of Particle Count and Mass Concentration Measurements in a Residence Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2011 Authors Chan, Wanyu R., and Federico Noris Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory City Berkeley Keywords energy analysis and environmental impacts department Abstract Particulate matter (PM) is a contaminant of concern in many indoor environments, including residential and commercial buildings. Health guidelines for exposure to particles are in units of mass concentrations. Relative to time-integrated mass measurements collected on filters, real-time particle counters are less time-consuming to operate. Studies found reasonable correlation between these two measurement techniques, but agreement may vary in different sampling environments, and depends on the instruments used. We performed a side-by-side comparison of particle counts and mass concentrations estimated by three types of real-time instruments: MetOne BT-637 optical particle counter (OPC), TSI DustTrak aerosol monitor, and TSI aerodynamic particle sizer (APS) spectrometer. In addition to these real-time instruments, time-integrated particle mass was also collected using PM2.5 and PM10 Personal Environmental Monitors (PEMs) manufactured by SKC. Sampling was conducted for two consecutive days in an occupied single-family house in Berkeley, California. Concentration profiles had similar trends, with DustTraks reporting higher particle mass concentrations, partially explained by the density value assumed in the calibration. We made assumptions for particle size and density to calculate the PM2.5 and PM10 mass concentrations for the MetOne and APS, and compared with the filter-based measurements. Despite uncertainties and assumptions, there was generally good agreement for the different methods.

105

Demand-Side Response from Industrial Loads  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Through a research study funded by the Department of Energy, Smart Grid solutions company ENBALA Power Networks along with the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have geospatially quantified the potential flexibility within industrial loads to leverage their inherent process storage to help support the management of the electricity grid. The study found that there is an excess of 12 GW of demand-side load flexibility available in a select list of top industrial facilities in the United States. Future studies will expand on this quantity of flexibility as more in-depth analysis of different industries is conducted and demonstrations are completed.

Starke, Michael R [ORNL; Alkadi, Nasr E [ORNL; Letto, Daryl [Enbala Power Networks; Johnson, Brandon [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Dowling, Kevin [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); George, Raoule [Enbala Power Networks; Khan, Saqib [University of Texas, Austin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Searching for shelter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Architecture is born out of a need for the re-definition and intensification of t he existing physical landscape. An architects services respond and re-define culture and can never be legitimized by the want of form. ...

Gutierrez, Frederick Martin

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Chapter 3: Demand-Side Resources | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

spent 14.7 billion on DSM programs between 1989 and 1999, an average of 1.3 billion per year. Chapter 3: Demand-Side Resources More Documents & Publications Chapter 3 Demand-Side...

108

HIPAA 2013 - Security for One Exchange with Two sides  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. SECURITY FOR ONE EXCHANGE WITH TWO SIDES Doreen Espinoza UHIN, Chief Business Development and Privacy Officer Page 2. ...

2013-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

109

Scheduling optimization of a real flexible job shop including side ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aug 19, 2013 ... including side constraints regarding preventive maintenance, fixture availabil- ...... Engineering and Engineering Management, pp. 787–791.

110

Side-by-side comparisons of evacuated compound parabolic concentrator and flat plate solar collector systems  

SciTech Connect

Three liquid-based solar heating systems employing different types of solar collectors were tested side by side near Chicago, Illinois for one year. The three different types of collectors were: a flat plate collector with a black-chrome coated absorber plate and one low-iron glass cover; an evacuated-tube compound parabolic concentrator (CPC) with a concentration ratio of 1.1, oriented with tubes and troughs along a north-south axis; and an evacuated-tube CPC collector with a concentration ratio of 1.3 and one low-iron glass cover, with tubes and troughs oriented along an east-west axis. Results indicate that the flat plate collector system was the most efficient during warm weather, but the CPC systems were more efficient during cold weather, but the CPC systems were more efficient during cold weather, and the CPC systems operated under conditions too adverse for the flat plate collector. The computer simulation model ANSIM was validated by means of the side-by-side tests. The model uses analytical solutions to the storage energy balance. ANSIM is compared with the general simulation TRNSYS. (LEW)

McGarity, A.E.; Allen, J.W.; Schertz, W.W.

1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Side-by-Side Testing of Water Heating Systems: Results from the 2010 - 2011 Evaluation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC) continues the testing and evaluation of seven water heating systems operating side-by-side at the HWS laboratory in Cocoa, Florida, and documents results in this report. All systems are submitted to alternating hot water draw schedules (ASHRAE 90.1 and NREL/BA). The most significant system change under the latest testing rotation comes from the evaluation of a new state-of-the-art electric heat pump water heater (HPWH) system. The HPWH water heater has demonstrated that under favorable ambient conditions it can perform very well against the best system evaluated in Phase I (2009-2010) ? the differentially controlled solar flat plate solar system.

Colon, C.; Parker, D.

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Event:COP 18 Side Event | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

COP 18 Side Event COP 18 Side Event Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png COP 18 Side Event: Advancing Collaborative Action for Low Emissions Development: on 2012/11/30 At the U.S. Center in Doha, Qatar, during the UNFCCC's eighteenth Conference of the Parties (COP 18) from 26 November - 7 December, the LEDS Global Partnership will host a side event: Advancing Collaborative Action for Low Emissions Development. Event Details Name COP 18 Side Event: Advancing Collaborative Action for Low Emissions Development Date 2012/11/30 Location Doha, Qatar Organizer LEDS Global Partnership Tags LEDS, CLEAN, Training Website Event Website Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Event:COP_18_Side_Event&oldid=538797"

113

U.S. Electric Utility Demand-Side Management 1994  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Preface. The U.S. Electric Utility Demand-Side Management report is prepared by the Coal and Electric Data and Renewables Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Elec-

114

Safety - Forums right side block | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Forums right side block Safety DataTools Apps Challenges Resources Blogs Let's Talk Safety You are here Data.gov Communities Safety Challenge.gov Developer Challenge...

115

ocean - faq right side block | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ocean - faq right side block Ocean Data Tools Technical Guide Map Gallery Regional Planning Feedback Ocean You are here Data.gov Communities Ocean Frequently Asked Questions...

116

Mathematical Modeling for Side-Blow Combustion Region in Iron ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Mathematical Modeling for Side-Blow Combustion Region in Iron Bath Reactor with H2-C Mixture Reduction. Author(s), Bo Zhang, Hong Xin.

117

Research Needs: Glass Solar Reflectance and Vinyl Siding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

properties of reflected solar radiation from glass surfaces,transfer at the siding surface. Direct solar radiation tosiding, reflected solar radiation from nearby surfaces,

Hart, Robert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Secondary Side Corrosion of French PWR Steam Generator ... - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 1, 1999 ... Secondary Side Corrosion of French PWR Steam Generator Tubing: Contribution of Surface Analyses to the Understanding of the Degradation ...

119

The Flip Side: An Investigation into the Depersonalization of Communication.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The author investigated the depersonalization of student communication in grades six through twelve. The Flip Side Survey was run to focus in on whether or… (more)

Myer, Eileen S

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

U.S. Electric Utility Demand-Side Management  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Final issue of this report. - Presents comprehensive information on electric power industry demand side management (DSM) activities in the United States at the national, regional, and utility levels.

Information Center

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Condensing Side-Arm Water Heater - Energy Innovation Portal  

The condensing side-arm element recirculates exhaust gases into heating the cooler part of a water heater tank by the ... Building Energy ... Solar Thermal;

122

1995 Demand-Side Managment - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

and more detailed data on energy savings, peak load reductions and costs attributable to DSM. Target Audience ... Profile: U.S. Electric Utility Demand-Side

123

Water-side Economizer for Non-Fan Cooling Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

changes to the commercial provisions of the 2012 IECC: Water-side Economizer for Non-Fan Cooling Systems R Hart Pacific Northwest National Laboratory January 2013 Proposal...

124

Memorandum regarding Definition for Demand Side Management Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MEMORANDUM TO: Mary Anne Sullivan FROM: Larry Oliver SUBJECT: Definition for Demand Side Management Services In consultation with the Director of the Federal Energy Management...

125

Introduction to side channel attacks and non invasive attacks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... FIPS conference side channel attacks and perturbation attacks 7 Pow er analysis Pow er leakage usec m A Instruction fetch Instruction processing ...

2007-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

126

Energy community right side block | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Ethics Health Law Manufacturing Ocean Research Safety States Supply Chain Energy community right side block BusinessUSA DataTools Apps Challenges Let's Talk...

127

Deploying Server-side File System Monitoring at NERSC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

J. Shalf, and H. Wasserman. Nersc-6 workload analysis andDeploying Server-side File System Monitoring at NERSC AndrewUselton NERSC, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Uselton, Andrew

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Catalyzing Cooperative Action for Low Emissions Development Side...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon Catalyzing Cooperative Action for Low Emissions Development Side Event in Bonn Jump to: navigation, search...

129

Side-by-Side Testing of Commercial Office Lighting Systems: Two-lamp Fluorescent Fixtures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lighting systems in commercial office buildings are primary determinants of building energy use. In warmer climates, lighting energy use has important implications for building cooling loads as well as those directly associated with illumination tasks. To research the comparative performance of conventional and advanced office lighting systems, Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC) set up the Lighting Flexible Test Facility (LFTF) which allows side-by-side comparison of lighting options in two otherwise identical 2.7 m x 3.7 m (9' x 12') south facing offices. The ceiling of the LFTF contains 0.61 m x 1.2 m (2' x 4') recessed fluorescent fixtures designed to be easily changed. Differing lighting systems were comparatively tested against each other over weeklong periods. Data on power consumption (watts), power quality (power factor), work-plane interior lighting levels (lux), bulb-wall, fixture and plenum temperatures were recorded every 15 minutes on a multi-channel data logger. This data allows realistic analysis of comparative lighting system performance including interactions with daylighting.

Parker, D. S.; Schrum, L.; Sonne, J. K.; Stedman, T. C.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

First principal components analysis: a new side channel distinguisher  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Side Channel Analysis (SCA) are of great concern since they have shown their efficiency in retrieving sensitive information from secure devices. In this paper we introduce First Principal Components Analysis (FPCA) which consists in evaluating the relevance ... Keywords: CPA, DPA, DoM, VPA, data encryption standard (DES), masking countermeasures, principal component analysis (PCA), side channel attacks

Youssef Souissi; Maxime Nassar; Sylvain Guilley; Jean-Luc Danger; Florent Flament

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Demand-side management of China`s electric power  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article presents an analysis of China`s strategies for electricity demand-side management (DSM) by the year 2000. It discusses electricity shortages, potential for electricity conservation, and measures to cope with the problems. It concludes that the country should speed up the reform of electricity pricing, make executable laws, and invest capital in demand-side management.

Yang, M. [Asian Inst. of Tech., Bangkok (Thailand). School of Environment, Resources and Development

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Annual Review of Demand-Side Planning Research: 1985 Proceedings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI's demand-side planning research spans a wide range of utility activities: planning and evaluating demand-side management programs, investigating end-use forecasting techniques, and analyzing the effect of innovative rates. Reflecting efforts to develop utility applications of EPRI research products in 1985, this report focuses on computer models such as REEPS, COMMEND, HELM, and INDEPTH.

None

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Customer Side Monitoring at a Waste Water Treatment Plant  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This customer-side monitoring project correlated distribution-related power quality (PQ) events with customer side events and vice-versa and characterized equipment sensitivity to voltage variations. It also characterized overall levels of PQ on the feeder and in the facility and compared these levels with the national baseline sample being gathered for the Distribution Power Quality project.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

134

Customer Side Monitoring at an Automobile Brake Manufacturer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This customer-side monitoring project correlated distribution-related power quality (PQ) events with customer-side events and vice-versa and characterized equipment sensitivity to voltage variations. It also characterized overall levels of PQ on the feeder and in the facility and compared these levels with the national baseline sample being gathered for the Distribution Power Quality project.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

135

Simulation models for side-channel information leaks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Small, embedded integrated circuits (ICs) such as smart cards are vulnerable to so-called side-channel attacks (SCAs). The attacker can gain information by monitoring the power consumption, execution time, electromagnetic radiation and other information ... Keywords: countermeasure, differential power analysis, encryption, security IC, side-channel attack, simulation model, smart card

Kris Tiri; Ingrid Verbauwhede

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Research Needs: Glass Solar Reflectance and Vinyl Siding  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The subject of glass solar reflectance and its contribution to permanent vinyl siding distortion has not been extensively studied, and some phenomena are not yet well understood. This white paper presents what is known regarding the issue and identifies where more research is needed. Three primary topics are discussed: environmental factors that control the transfer of heat to and from the siding surface; vinyl siding properties that may affect heat build-up and permanent distortion; and factors that determine the properties of reflected solar radiation from glass surfaces, including insulating window glass. Further research is needed to fully characterize the conditions associated with siding distortion, the scope of the problem, physical properties of vinyl siding, insulating window glass reflection characteristics, and possible mitigation or prevention strategies.

Hart, Robert; Curcija, Charlie; Arasteh, Dariush; Goudey, Howdy; Kohler, Christian; Selkowitz, Stephen

2011-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

137

Integration of Demand Side Management, Distributed Generation, Renewable  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Integration of Demand Side Management, Distributed Generation, Renewable Integration of Demand Side Management, Distributed Generation, Renewable Energy Sources, and Energy Storages: State-of-the-Art Report, Volume 1, Main Report Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Integration of Demand Side Management, Distributed Generation, Renewable Energy Sources, and Energy Storages: State-of-the-Art Report, Volume 1, Main Report Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Policy, Deployment, & Program Impact Website: www.ieadsm.org/Files/Tasks/Task%20XVII%20-%20Integration%20of%20Demand Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/integration-demand-side-management-di Language: English Policies: Regulations Regulations: Resource Integration Planning This task of the International Energy Agency's (IEA's) Demand-Side

138

Integration of Demand Side Management, Distributed Generation, Renewable  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Integration of Demand Side Management, Distributed Generation, Renewable Integration of Demand Side Management, Distributed Generation, Renewable Energy Sources, and Energy Storages: State-of-the-Art Report, Volume 2, Annexes Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Integration of Demand Side Management, Distributed Generation, Renewable Energy Sources, and Energy Storages: State-of-the-Art Report, Volume 2, Annexes Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Policy, Deployment, & Program Impact Website: www.ieadsm.org/Files/Tasks/Task%20XVII%20-%20Integration%20of%20Demand Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/integration-demand-side-management-di Language: English Policies: Regulations Regulations: Resource Integration Planning This report provides Annexes 1 through 7, which are country reports from

139

COP 18 Side Event Agenda | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

COP 18 Side Event Agenda COP 18 Side Event Agenda Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Advancing climate-resilient low emission development around the world Home About Tools Expert Assistance Events Publications Join Us COP18 Side Event Announcement Agenda Speakers Agenda LEDSGPSideEvent Agenda.pdf Powered by OpenEI ledsgp.org is built on the same platform as the popular Wikipedia site. Like Wikipedia, it is a "wiki" or website developed collaboratively by a community of users. Thanks to our unique relationship with OpenEI.org, you can add or edit most content on ledsgp.org. For more information about this unique collaboration, contact us. View or edit this page on OpenEI.org. Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=COP_18_Side_Event_Agenda&oldid=588616"

140

U.S. electric utility demand-side management 1993  

SciTech Connect

This report presents comprehensive information on electric power industry demand-side management activities in the United States at the national, regional, and utility levels. Data is included for energy savings, peakload reductions, and costs.

NONE

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Architecting the Consumer Side of the Grid for Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Efficiency and Demand Response Programs in the U.S. (2010 to 2030 Architecting the Consumer Side of the Grid for Energy MIT-IPC-Energy Innovation Working Paper 11-003 (also known as MIT-IPC Working

142

Client-side service composition using generic service representative  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Traditionally, composition of web services is performed at the server-side. This requires transferring client data among collaborating web services, which may cause data privacy violation, security breaches, or network traffic overloading. In this context, ...

Mehran Najafi; Kamran Sartipi

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

U.S. Electric Utility Demand-Side Management  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Final issue of this report. - 1996 - Presents comprehensive information on electric power industry demand side management (DSM) activities in the United States at the national, regional, and utility levels.

Information Center

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

POWER MODULE PACKAGING WITH DOUBLE SIDED PLANAR INTERCONNECTION ...  

A double sided cooled power module package having a single phase leg topology includes two IGBT and two diode semiconductor dies. Each IGBT die is spaced apart from a ...

145

Chapter 3: Demand-Side Resources | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

spent 14.7 billion on DSM programs between 1989 and 1999, an average of 1.3 billion per year. Chapter 3: Demand-Side Resources More Documents & Publications Draft Chapter 3:...

146

speaker = 1017, sex = F, conversation-sides = 20299B ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... sex = F, conversation-sides = 30368B 30417B 30742A 30996A 31149B 31230A 31303A 31625A 31645B 32355B 32596B speaker = 4982, sex = F ...

2007-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

147

Demand-side participation in the Australian National Electricity...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Demand-side participation in the Australian National Electricity Market Speaker(s): Hugh Outhred Date: March 4, 2005 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar HostPoint of Contact:...

148

Proceedings: 1987 Annual Review of Demand-Side Planning Research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent EPRI research in demand-side planning (DSP) has focused on forecasting, end-use technology assessment, demand-side management (DSM), and innovative pricing. These 23 papers discuss vital DSP research, including customer response to interruptible rates, personal computer forecasting tools, integrated value-based planning, customer preference and behavior studies, and a database of end-use load shapes and DSM impacts.

None

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Stimulated Raman Side Scattering in Laser Wakefield Acceleration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Stimulated Raman side scattering of an ultrashort high power laser pulse is studied in experiments on laser wakefield acceleration. Experiments and simulations reveal that stimulated Raman side scattering occurs at the beginning of the interaction, that it contributes to the evolution of the pulse prior to wakefield formation, and also that it affects the quality of electron beams generated. The relativistic shift of the plasma frequency is measured.

Matsuoka, T.; McGuffey, C.; Cummings, P. G.; Horovitz, Y.; Dollar, F.; Chvykov, V.; Kalintchenko, G.; Rousseau, P.; Yanovsky, V.; Bulanov, S. S.; Thomas, A. G. R.; Maksimchuk, A.; Krushelnick, K. [Center for Ultrafast Optical Science and FOCUS Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)

2010-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

150

COP 18 Side Event: Advancing Collaborative Action for Low Emissions  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Event: Advancing Collaborative Action for Low Emissions Event: Advancing Collaborative Action for Low Emissions Development Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Advancing climate-resilient low emission development around the world Home About Tools Expert Assistance Events Publications Join Us COP18 Side Event Announcement Agenda Speakers COP 18 Side Event - Advancing Collaborative Action for Low Emissions Development 30 November 2012 Doha, Qatar, U.S. Center On 30 November 2012 at the U.S. Center in Doha, Qatar, during the UNFCCC's eighteenth Conference of the Parties (COP 18) from 26 November - 7 December, the LEDS Global Partnership will host a side event: Advancing Collaborative Action for Low Emissions Development. The event is an initiative of the LEDS Global Partnership (http://openei.org/wiki/LEDSGP), founded to advance low emissions

151

Energy Conservation and Commercialization in Gujarat: Report On Demand Side  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Conservation and Commercialization in Gujarat: Report On Demand Side Energy Conservation and Commercialization in Gujarat: Report On Demand Side Management (DSM) In Gujarat Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy Conservation and Commercialization in Gujarat: Report On Demand Side Management (DSM) In Gujarat Focus Area: Crosscutting Topics: Opportunity Assessment & Screening Website: eco3.org/wp-content/plugins/downloads-manager/upload/Report%20on%20Dem Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/energy-conservation-and-commercializa Language: English Policies: "Deployment Programs,Financial Incentives,Regulations" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. DeploymentPrograms: Technical Assistance Regulations: Resource Integration Planning

152

U.S. electric utility demand-side management 1996  

SciTech Connect

The US Electric Utility Demand-Side Management report presents comprehensive information on electric power industry demand-side management (DSM) activities in the US at the national, regional, and utility levels. The objective of the publication is to provide industry decision makers, government policy makers, analysts, and the general public with historical data that may be used in understanding DSM as it related to the US electric power industry. The first chapter, ``Profile: U.S. Electric Utility Demand-Side Management,`` presents a general discussion of DSM, its history, current issues, and a review of key statistics for the year. Subsequent chapters present discussions and more detailed data on energy savings, peak load reductions and costs attributable to DSM. 9 figs., 24 tabs.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

U.S. electric utility demand-side management 1995  

SciTech Connect

The US Electric Utility Demand-Side Management report is prepared by the Coal and Electric Data and Renewables Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternative Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. The report presents comprehensive information on electric power industry demand-side management (DSM) activities in the US at the national, regional, and utility levels. The objective of the publication is to provide industry decision makers, government policy makers, analysts, and the general public with historical data that may be used in understanding DSM as it relates to the US electric power industry. The first chapter, ``Profile: US Electric Utility Demand-Side Management``, presents a general discussion of DSM, its history, current issues, and a review of key statistics for the year. Subsequent chapters present discussions and more detailed data on energy savings, peak load reductions and costs attributable to DSM. 9 figs., 24 tabs.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Evolution of the Demand Side Management in the Smart Grid  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Evolution of the Demand Side Management in the Smart Grid Evolution of the Demand Side Management in the Smart Grid Speaker(s): Nathan Ota Date: October 20, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Janie Page Smart grid technology has rapidly evolved over the course of the last five years. From a demand side management perspective this includes consumer-owned Home Area Networks (HAN), network-centric HAN gateways, and a leveraging of a multitier smart grid for a variety of DSM applications. In particular, smart meters enable the consumer with electricity price information and near-real time energy usage data, but they also are the devices that consumers will most often interact. The success or failure of the in-home device is therefore critical to the larger Smart Grid success. Today, distinct DSM product categories are leading to a variety of new

155

The Dark Side of the Solar Neutrino Parameter Space  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Results of neutrino oscillation experiments have always been presented on the(sin^2 2theta, Delta m^2) parameter space for the case of two-flavoroscillations. We point out, however, that this parameterization misses the halfof the parameter space pi/4 < theta <= pi/2 (``the dark side''), which isphysically inequivalent to the region 0 <= theta <= pi/4 (``the light side'')in the presence of matter effects. The MSW solutions to the solar neutrinoproblem can extend to the dark side, especially if we take the conservativeattitude to allow higher confidence levels, ignore some of the experimentalresults in the fits, or relax theoretical predictions. Furthermore even theso-called ``vacuum oscillation'' solution distinguishes the dark and the lightsides. We urge experimental collaborations to present their results on theentire parameter space.

De Gouvêa, A; Murayama, H; Gouvea, Andre de; Friedland, Alexander; Murayama, Hitoshi

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

US electric utility demand-side management, 1994  

SciTech Connect

The report presents comprehensive information on electric power industry demand-side management (DSM) activities in US at the national, regional, and utility levels. Objective is provide industry decision makers, government policy makers, analysts, and the general public with historical data that may be used in understanding DSM as it relates to the US electric power industry. The first chapter, ``Profile: US Electric Utility Demand-Side Management,`` presents a general discussion of DSM, its history, current issues, and a review of key statistics for the year. Subsequent chapters present discussions and more detailed data on energy savings, peak load reductions, and costs attributable to DSM.

NONE

1995-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

157

VEE-0081 - In the Matter of North Side Coal & Oil Co., Inc. ...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

VEE-0081 - In the Matter of North Side Coal & Oil Co., Inc. VEE-0081 - In the Matter of North Side Coal & Oil Co., Inc. On February 25, 2002, North Side Coal & Oil Co., Inc. (North...

158

Reaction Plane Dependent Away-side Modification and Near-side Ridge in Au+Au Collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STAR preliminary results of di-hadron correlations versus $\\phi_{s}$, the trigger particle azimuthal angle relative to the constructed event plane are reported for mid-central Au+Au collisions and compared to central Au+Au as well as minimum bias d+Au collisions. The correlations are observed to vary with $\\phi_{s}$ on both the near and away side of the trigger particle. The away-side correlation evolves from single- to double-peak with increasing $\\phi_{s}$. The near-side correlation is separated into 'jet' and 'ridge': the ridge is found to decrease with $\\phi_{s}$ while the jet remains relatively constant.

Aoqi Feng

2008-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

159

Review of Self-direct Demand Side Management (DSM) Programs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Review of Self-direct Demand Side Management (DSM) Programs Review of Self-direct Demand Side Management (DSM) Programs Title Review of Self-direct Demand Side Management (DSM) Programs Publication Type Presentation Year of Publication 2012 Authors Borgeson, Merrian Keywords demand side resources: policy, electricity markets, electricity markets and policy group, energy analysis and environmental impacts department, energy efficiency, self direct programs, technical assistance Full Text LBNL recently provided technical assistance funded by DOE to the Public Utilities Commission of Ohio to inform their decision-making about changes to their existing self-direct program for commercial and industrial customers. Self-direct programs are usually targeted at large industrial customers with specialized needs or strong in-house energy engineering capacity. These programs are found in at least 24 states, and there is significant variety in how these programs are structured - with important implications for the additionality and reliability of the energy savings that result. LBNL reviewed existing programs and compared key elements of self-direct program design. For additional questions about this work, please contact Merrian Borgeson.

160

Gas compressor with side branch absorber for pulsation control  

SciTech Connect

A method and system for reducing pulsation in lateral piping associated with a gas compressor system. A tunable side branch absorber (TSBA) is installed on the lateral piping. A pulsation sensor is placed in the lateral piping, to measure pulsation within the piping. The sensor output signals are delivered to a controller, which controls actuators that change the acoustic dimensions of the SBA.

Harris, Ralph E. (San Antonio, TX); Scrivner, Christine M. (San Antonio, TX); Broerman, III, Eugene L. (San Antonio, TX)

2011-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

An efficient load model for analyzing demand side management impacts  

SciTech Connect

The main objective of implementing Demand Side Management (DSM) in power systems is to change the utility's load shape--i.e. changes in the time pattern and magnitude of utility's load. Changing the load shape as a result of demand side activities could change the peak load, base load and/or energy demand. Those three variables have to be explicitly modeled into the load curve for properly representing the effects of demand side management. The impact of DSM will be manifested as higher or lower reliability levels. This paper presents an efficient technique to model the system load such that the impact of demand side management on the power system can be easily and accurately evaluated. The proposed technique to model the load duration curve will facilitate the representation of DSM impacts on loss-of-load probability, energy not served and energy consumption. This will provide an analytical method to study the impact of DSM on capacity requirements. So far iterative methods have been applied to study these impacts. The proposed analytical method results in a faster solution with higher accuracy. It takes only 18 seconds on an 80486 PC to solve each case study involving different peak and base loads, and energy use.

Rahman, S.; Rinaldy (Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA (United States))

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Side-channel analysis of cryptographic RFIDs with analog demodulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As most modern cryptographic Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) devices are based on ciphers that are secure from a purely theoretical point of view, e.g., (Triple-)DES or AES, adversaries have been adopting new methods to extract secret information ... Keywords: DESFire MF3ICD40, contactless smartcards, hardware security, implementation attacks, side-channel analyis

Timo Kasper; David Oswald; Christof Paar

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Method for double-sided processing of thin film transistors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention provides methods for fabricating thin film electronic devices with both front- and backside processing capabilities. Using these methods, high temperature processing steps may be carried out during both frontside and backside processing. The methods are well-suited for fabricating back-gate and double-gate field effect transistors, double-sided bipolar transistors and 3D integrated circuits.

Yuan, Hao-Chih (Madison, WI); Wang, Guogong (Madison, WI); Eriksson, Mark A. (Madison, WI); Evans, Paul G. (Madison, WI); Lagally, Max G. (Madison, WI); Ma, Zhenqiang (Middleton, WI)

2008-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

164

Free boundary regularity for a problem with right hand side  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a one-phase free boundary problem with variable coefficients and non-zero right hand side. We prove that flat free boundaries are $C^{1,\\alpha}$ using a different approach than the classical supconvolution method of Caffarelli. We use this result to obtain that Lipschitz free boundaries are $C^{1,\\alpha}$.

De Silva, Daniela

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Proceedings: International Workshop on Innovative DSM [Demand Side Management] Techniques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Demand-side management (DSM) is becoming more important in the utility environment characterized by increasing competition and major uncertainties in demand and supply. EPRI and CIGRE, a leading international organization for the electric power industry, cosponsored this workshop to discuss strategies for designing and implementing DSM programs.

None

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Adaptive space-time transmission with side information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this letter, a simple adaptive transmit diversity technique with side information is presented. The proposed scheme has a number of attractive characteristics. First, it is simple to implement. Second, it is efficient in terms of bandwidth requirements ... Keywords: Space-time block code, transmit diversity, wireless communications

T. Lo

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Double-Sided Cooling Design for Novel Planar Module  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel packaging structure for medium power modules featuring power semiconductor switches sandwiched between two symmetric substrates that fulfill electrical conduction and insulation functions is presented. Large bonding areas between dies and substrates allow this packaging technology to offer significant improvements in electrical, thermal performance. Double-sided cooling system was dedicatedly analyzed and designed for different applications.

Ning, Puqi [ORNL; Liang, Zhenxian [ORNL; Marlino, Laura D [ORNL; Wang, Fei [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Blank side of cover. BIOLOGICAL AND CHEMICAL SURVEY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;Blank side of cover. #12;BIOLOGICAL AND CHEMICAL SURVEY OF THE LOWER PAGO RIVER, ESTUARY, NEAR: Background and center insert aerial photos of southern sector of Pago Bay showing river, estuary, channel.S. Department of the Interior Geological Survey, Topographic Map of Guam). . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 2

Schupp, Peter

169

The dark side of the Internet: Attacks, costs and responses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Internet and Web technologies have originally been developed assuming an ideal world where all users are honorable. However, the dark side has emerged and bedeviled the world. This includes spam, malware, hacking, phishing, denial of service attacks, ... Keywords: Click fraud, Cyber warfare, Denial of service attack, Digital rights management, Hacking, Malware, Online frauds, Online gambling, Online piracy, Phishing, Spam

Won Kim; Ok-Ran Jeong; Chulyun Kim; Jungmin So

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Inspecting side-effects of abduction in logic programs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the context of abduction in Logic Programs, when finding an abductive solution for a query, one may want to check too whether some other literals become true (or false) as a consequence, strictly within the abductive solution found, that is without ... Keywords: abduction, logic orograms, side-effects

Luís Moniz Pereira; Alexandre Miguel Pinto

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Statistically based reduced representation of amino acid side chains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Preferred conformations of amino acid side chains have been well established through statistically obtained rotamer libraries. Typically, these provide bond torsion angles allowing a side chain to be traced atom by atom. In cases where it is desirable to reduce the complexity of a protein representation or prediction, fixing all side-chain atoms may prove unwieldy. Therefore, we introduce a general parametrization to allow positions of representative atoms (in the present study, these are terminal atoms) to be predicted directly given backbone atom coordinates. Using a large, culled data set of amino acid residues from high-resolution protein crystal structures, anywhere from 1 to 7 preferred conformations were observed for each terminal atom of the non-glycine residues. Side-chain length from the backbone C R is one of the parameters determined for each conformation, which should itself be useful. Prediction of terminal atoms was then carried out for a second, nonredundant set of protein structures to validate the data set. Using four simple probabilistic approaches, the Monte Carlo style prediction of terminal atom locations given only backbone coordinates produced an average root mean-square deviation (RMSD) of ?3 Å from the experimentally determined terminal atom positions. With prediction using conditional probabilities based on the side-chain ?1 rotamer, this average RMSD was improved to 1.74 Å. The observed terminal atom conformations therefore provide reasonable and potentially highly accurate representations of side-chain conformation, offering a viable alternative to existing all-atom rotamers for any case where reduction in protein model complexity, or in the amount of data to be handled, is desired. One application of this representation with strong potential is the prediction of charge density in proteins. This would likely be especially valuable on protein surfaces, where side chains are much less likely to be fixed in single rotamers. Prediction of ensembles of structures provides a method to determine the probability density of charge and atom location; such a prediction is demonstrated graphically.

Jan K. Rainey; M. Cynthia Goh

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Preliminary Study of a Vented Attic Radiant Barrier System in Hot, Humid Climates Using Side-by-Side, Full-Scale Test Houses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A series of side-by-side tests was performed using two full scale test houses to determine the effectiveness of a Vented Radiant Barrier System (VRBS) in reducing the ceiling heat flux during the summer cooling season in North Florida. Another series of side-by-side tests was conducted to evaluate the effect of a VRBS on ceiling heat losses under typical North Florida winter conditions. The effect of a VRBS on the expected life of roof shingles was also evaluated.

Lear, W. E.; Barrup, T. E.; Davis, K. E.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Catalyzing Cooperative Action for Low Emissions Development Side Event in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Side Event in Side Event in Bonn Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Advancing climate-resilient low emission development around the world Home About Tools Expert Assistance Events Publications Join Us Bonn Event Agenda Presentations Catalyzing Cooperative Action for Low Emissions Development May 23, 2012 Bonn, Germany Dear Colleagues, We are delighted to invite you to participate in an event co-convened by the International Partnership on Mitigation and MRV and the Low Emissions Development Strategies (LEDS) Global Partnership. The event titled Catalyzing Cooperative Action for Low Emissions Development will take place on May 23, 2012 from 17:00-19:15 at the BMU Headquarters in Bonn, Room Number: 1.150 (first floor) and will be followed by a reception from 19:15-20:30 (same level). The purpose of the event is to share information

174

Demand-Side Management (DSM) Opportunities as Real-Options  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Demand-Side Management (DSM) Opportunities as Real-Options Demand-Side Management (DSM) Opportunities as Real-Options Speaker(s): Osman Sezgen Date: August 1, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Kristina LaCommare As some end-users of energy and aggregators are choosing to be exposed to real-time prices and energy price volatility, they are coming across new DSM opportunities that would not be feasible under typical utility rate structures. Effective evaluation of such opportunities requires a good understanding of the wholesale energy markets and the use of models based on recent financial techniques for option pricing. The speaker will give examples of such modeling approaches based on his experience in the retail-energy industry. Specific examples will include evaluation of distributed generation, load curtailment, dual-fuel cooling, and energy

175

COP 18 Side Event General Information | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » COP 18 Side Event General Information Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Advancing climate-resilient low emission development around the world Home About Tools Expert Assistance Events Publications Join Us COP18 Side Event Announcement Agenda Speakers General Information LEDSGPDoha - Advancing Collaborative Action for Low Emissions Development.pdf Powered by OpenEI ledsgp.org is built on the same platform as the popular Wikipedia site. Like Wikipedia, it is a "wiki" or website developed collaboratively by a community of users. Thanks to our unique relationship with OpenEI.org, you

176

Construction of a Demand Side Plant with Thermal Energy Storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Utility managements have two primary responsibilities. They must supply reliable electric service to meet the needs of their customers at the most efficient price possible while at the same time generating the maximum rate of return possible for their shareholders. Regulator hostility towards the addition of generating capacity has made it difficult for utilities to simultaneously satisfy both the needs of their ratepayers and the needs of their shareholders. Recent advances in thermal energy storage may solve the utilities' paradox. Residential thermal energy storage promises to provide the ratepayers significantly lower electricity rates and greater comfort levels. Utilities benefit from improved load factors, peak capacity additions at low cost, improved shareholder value (ie. a better return on assets), improved reliability, and a means of satisfying growing demand without the regulatory and litigious nightmares associated with current supply side solutions. This paper discusses thermal energy storage and its potential impact on the electric utilities and introduces the demand side plant concept.

Michel, M.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Supply-side energy efficiency in a competitive market  

SciTech Connect

The IEEE PES Energy Development and Power Generation Committee sponsored a 1997 Winter Meeting panel session titled ``The Role of Supply-Side Energy Efficiency (SSEE) in a Restructured Competitive Electricity Industry.`` Panelists focused on the following issues: Strategy adopted to reduce internal utility energy consumption and waste; behavioral, process, and technology measures involved; initiatives in maximizing output and reducing costs while ensuring safety is not comprised; developments of new products that promote fuel flexibility and efficiency and minimize environmental input; repowering pulverized coal units by replacement of Rankine Cycle equipment with Kalina Cycle equipment; high efficiency transmission and distribution systems that reduce carbon emission, delay generation construction, and conserve energy; supply-side energy efficiency in developing countries; and reducing production and delivery losses and improving distribution efficiency in developing systems. This articles examines opportunities for improved efficiency, productivity, and sustainability that may be latent in power systems.

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Capacity Definitions for General Channels with Receiver Side Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider three capacity definitions for general channels with channel side information at the receiver, where the channel is modeled as a sequence of finite dimensional conditional distributions not necessarily stationary, ergodic, or information stable. The {\\em Shannon capacity} is the highest rate asymptotically achievable with arbitrarily small error probability. The {\\em capacity versus outage} is the highest rate asymptotically achievable with a given probability of decoder-recognized outage. The {\\em expected capacity} is the highest average rate asymptotically achievable with a single encoder and multiple decoders, where the channel side information determines the decoder in use. As a special case of channel codes for expected rate, the code for capacity versus outage has two decoders: one operates in the non-outage states and decodes all transmitted information, and the other operates in the outage states and decodes nothing. Expected capacity equals Shannon capacity for channels governed by a sta...

Effros, Michelle; Liang, Yifan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Shady Side, Maryland: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Side, Maryland: Energy Resources Side, Maryland: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 38.8417821°, -76.5121798° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.8417821,"lon":-76.5121798,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

180

Proceedings: 2003 Steam Generator Secondary Side Management Conference  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With more utilities replacing steam generators and applying for (and receiving) license renewal and uprates, it is imperative that we coordinate our efforts for improved steam generator management. This report contains the work presented at EPRI's 2003 Steam Generator Secondary Side Management Conference, where 35 papers were presented on current issues, research, and utility experiences involving corrosion product generation and transport, deposit control and mitigation, deposit consolidation and remova...

2003-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

On The Shape of the Betatron Side-Band  

SciTech Connect

The shape of the betatron side-band is sensitive to the transverse rms size of colliding bunches. It is shown in this note that the transverse rms of the beam can be inferred from the shape of the betatron line. Analysis is presented which takes into account the tilt angle of the beams at the collision point and their offset. The authors discuss other effects which can change the shape of the betatron line in the spectrum.

Heifets, samuel A

2000-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

182

Paying for demand-side response at the wholesale level  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The recent FERC Notice of Public Rulemaking regarding the payment to demand-side resources in wholesale markets has engendered a great deal of comments including FERC's obligation to ensure just and reasonable rates in the wholesale market and criteria for what FERC should do (on grounds of economic efficiency) without any real focus on what that commitment would really mean if FERC actually pursued it. (author)

Falk, Jonathan

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

183

Identifying distributed generation and demand side management investment opportunities  

SciTech Connect

Electric utilities have historically satisfied customer demand by generating electricity centrally and distributing it through an extensive transmission and distribution network. The author examines targeted demand side management programs as an alternative to system capacity investments once capacity is exceeded. The paper presents an evaluation method to determine how much a utility can afford to pay for distributed resources. 17 refs., 2 figs, 1 tab.

Hoff, T.E. [Stanford Univ., CA (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

184

Principles and Practice of Demand-Side Management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides an overview of the demand-side management (DSM) process. It is a guide for the DSM practitioner through the different steps involved in the process, and it provides an introduction to the vast and growing literature on the subject. This report is available only to funders of Program 101A or 101.001. Funders may download this report at http://my.primen.com/Applications/DE/Community/index.asp .

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

High-resolution, cryogenic, side-entry type specimen stage  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high-resolution, cryogenic side-entry type specimen stage includes a copper block within which a specimen can be positioned in the electron beam of an electron microscope, one end of the copper block constituting a specimen heat exchanger, means for directing a flow of helium at cryogenic temperature into the heat exchanger, and electrical leads running from the specimen to the exterior of the microscope for four point D.C. electrical resistivity measurements.

King, Wayne E. (Woodridge, IL); Merkle, Karl L. (Clarendon Hills, IL)

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Atlas of Steam-Side Oxide Scales – 2013 Update  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) has conducted research for a number of years to advance the understanding of high-temperature steam-side oxidation and exfoliation in boiler tubes. The research has spanned a variety of activities, including fundamental and applied modeling of the oxidation and exfoliation process, examination of tubes taken from service, and laboratory studies to understand the effects of alloy composition, surface engineering, and processing. In 2012, an EPRI-NPL ...

2013-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

187

Re DSM: Here comes demand-side marketing  

SciTech Connect

Demand-side management (DSM) programs where utilities pay large rebates for energy efficient equipment are being declared dead. The popular view of DSM in the past was to encourage conservation of energy with significant rebates, credits and other incentives offered by electric and also natural gas utilities. After years of increase in utility DSM expenditures, the first decline took place last year of about 6% for the electric industry. Although still spending more than $2 billion in 1994, utilities have continued this year to reduce the number of DSM programs. For some utilities there has been a dramatic abandonment of energy efficiency incentive programs. Where programs remain, utilities are placing increased emphasis on the most cost-effective ones which are usually directed toward commercial and industrial facilities. At the same time utilities have been transforming their programs from demand-side management to demand-side marketing. The objectives have shifted to retaining existing customers, developing new accounts, and increasing profitable sales. Incentives are justified in this new cost-driven competitive environment when they result in decreased rates for all customers. Whereas, in the past, DSM program participants were the primary beneficiaries with reduced bills, in the new marketing environment all customers can benefit from reduced bills.

Barrett, L.B. [Barrett Consulting Associates, Inc., Colorado Springs, CO (United States)

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Jet Streak Dynamics and Geostrophic Adjustment Processes during the Initial Stages of Lee Cyclogenesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A numerical experiment is described which explores the relationship between upper-level potential vorticity advection and cyclogenesis on the leeward side of mountain barriers. A multilevel primitive equation model framed in isentropic ...

Craig Mattocks; Rainer Bleck

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Client-Side Defense Against Web-Based Identity Theft  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Web spoofing is a significant problem involving fraudulent email and web sites that trick unsuspecting users into revealing private information. We discuss some aspects of common attacks and propose a framework for client-side defense: a browser plug-in that examines web pages and warns the user when requests for data may be part of a spoof attack. While the plugin, SpoofGuard, has been tested using actual sites obtained through government agencies concerned about the problem, we expect that web spoofing and other forms of identity theft will be continuing problems in coming years. 1

Neil Chou; Robert Ledesma; Yuka Teraguchi; John C. Mitchell

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Deploying Server-side File System Monitoring at NERSC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Franklin Cray XT4 at the NERSC center was equipped with the server-side I/O monitoring infrastructure Cerebro/LMT, which is described here in detail. Insights gained from the data produced include a better understanding of instantaneous data rates during file system testing, file system behavior during regular production time, and long-term average behaviors. Information and insights gleaned from this monitoring support efforts to proactively manage the I/O infrastructure on Franklin. A simple model for I/O transactions is introduced and compared with the 250 million observations sent to the LMT database from August 2008 to February 2009. 1

Andrew Uselton

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Deploying Server-side File System Monitoring at NERSC  

SciTech Connect

The Franklin Cray XT4 at the NERSC center was equipped with the server-side I/O monitoring infrastructure Cerebro/LMT, which is described here in detail. Insights gained from the data produced include a better understanding of instantaneous data rates during file system testing, file system behavior during regular production time, and long-term average behaviors. Information and insights gleaned from this monitoring support efforts to proactively manage the I/O infrastructure on Franklin. A simple model for I/O transactions is introduced and compared with the 250 million observations sent to the LMT database from August 2008 to February 2009.

Uselton, Andrew

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Optimizing Electric Humidifier Operation with an Air Side Economizer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Air side economizer cycle is a control scheme that is often used in WAC systems to reduce cooling energy consumption by introducing variable quantities of ambient air into a conditioned space to satisfy the space cooling load (free cooling). Humidifiers are used to maintain the pre-set humidity levels in a conditioned space by introducing steam or atomized water into the space. An WAC system containing both electric humidifier and air side economizer cycle can appear to be energy efficient, but has the potential of being inefficient due to lack of proper controls. The economizer, which often operates independently of the humidifier, introduces large quantities of cool and dry ambient air into the space to reduce the mechanical cooling energy, but because of the environmental requirement of the space, the air has to be humidified. The humidification energy could offset the energy savings from the reduction in mechanical cooling energy. The solution for this potential problem is a control scheme that makes the operation of the economizer and electric humidifier interdependent. The control scheme will use ambient conditions and space environmental requirements to calculate the appropriate amount of outside air that the economizer should draw into the space. The control scheme can be implemented through a Direct Digital Control system.

Shami, U. F.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Bottom/Side Lift Gantry Conceptual Design Rev. 01  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this task is to update the existing bottom/side lift gantry analysis so that the design is consistent with Enhanced Design Alternative II (EDA II) design constraints listed in the Monitored Geologic Repository Project Description Document (CRWMS M and O 1999a, Section 2.2.1.1, p. 9a). This update is consistent with the requirements of the Technical Guidance Document for License Application Preparation (YMP 1999, Section 6.2.5.1). This update will also take into account the latest available equipment classification and Waste Emplacement/Retrieval System Description Document (SDD) (CRWMS M and O 2000c) requirements. The principal objective of this analysis is to verify that the newly developed bottom/side lift gantry concept continues to be a suitable design concept for the current Monitored Geologic Repository (MGR) design. This analysis includes an examination of the waste package (WP) transfer operation at the emplacement drift transfer dock. In addition, this analysis verifies that the gantry is compatible with the WP transporter, which has been redesigned to handle WPs sitting on pallets (CRWMS M and O 2000a). The scope of this work is to examine the existing analysis and to determine what, if any, modifications to the analysis may be required as a result of additional requirements imposed by the EDA II concept. Then, a revision will be made to the conceptual design accordingly. The analysis will also be revised to show the approximate sizes and locations of the electrical equipment and control cabinets, and to take into account the weight of that equipment in the total gantry weight. The analytical portions of the analysis are revised, as required, to address changes resulting from modifications to the conceptual design or from changes in classification and/or SDD requirements. Finally, the revised conceptual design is evaluated to verify that it continues to be a suitable method for handling the WPs within the emplacement drift. Except as noted, the scope of this work does not include any new analytical investigations or any detailed studies regarding the mechanical or electrical subsystems of the gantry beyond those in Revision 00 of this analysis. This analysis has been prepared in accordance with the requirements set forth in Bottom/Side Lift Gantry Analysis (CRWMS M and O 1999b). This analysis supports the MGR design that will be presented as part of the Site Recommendation.

Bair, P.S.

2000-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

194

Grid Friendly Appliances – Load-side Solution for Congestion Management  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the effectiveness of deploying grid-friendly{trademark} appliances (GFAs) as a load-side solution for congestion management in a competitive electricity market, with the residential house ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) load used as an example. A GFA is an appliance that can have a sensor and a controller installed to detect price, voltage, or frequency signals and turn on/off according to certain control logic. By using the congestion price as a signal to shift GFA power consumption from high-price periods to low-price periods to reduce load in load pocket areas, transmission line congestion can be successfully mitigated. The magnitude of GFA load reduction and the location of the GFA resources are critical to relieve congestion on targeted lines while not causing other lines to congest. Simulation results are presented and the impact of implementing price-responsive GFAs on the power grid is also studied.

Lu, Ning; Nguyen, Tony B.

2006-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

195

A Coinductive Calculus for Asynchronous Side-effecting Processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an abstract framework for concurrent processes in which atomic steps have generic side effects, handled according to the principle of monadic encapsulation of effects. Processes in this framework are potentially infinite resumptions, modelled using final coalgebras over the monadic base. As a calculus for such processes, we introduce a concurrent extension of Moggi's monadic metalanguage of effects. We establish soundness and completeness of a natural equational axiomatisation of this calculus. Moreover, we identify a corecursion scheme that is explicitly definable over the base language and provides flexible expressive means for the definition of new operators on processes, such as parallel composition. As a worked example, we prove the safety of a generic mutual exclusion scheme using a verification logic built on top of the equational calculus.

Goncharov, Sergey

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Opportunities and prospects for demand-side efficiency improvements  

SciTech Connect

Substantial progress has been made over the last 20 years in improving energy efficiency in all sectors of the US economy. Although there remains a large potential for further efficiency gains, progress in improving energy efficiency has slowed recently. A combination of low energy prices, environmental challenges, and life-style changes have caused energy consumption to resume rising. Both new policies and technologies will be necessary to achieve cost-effective levels of energy efficiency. This paper describes some of the promising new demand-side technologies that are currently being implemented, nearing commercialization, or in advanced stages of development. The topics discussed include finding replacements for chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), new building equipment and envelope technologies, lessons learned about conservation program implementation, and the role of utilities in promoting the efficient use of energy.

Kuliasha, M.A.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

197

COP 18 Side Event Biography | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Event Biography Event Biography Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Advancing climate-resilient low emission development around the world Home About Tools Expert Assistance Events Publications Join Us COP18 Side Event Announcement Agenda Speakers Speakers Ron Benioff serves as Manager of Multilateral Programs for the U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). In this capacity he manages NREL's work on clean energy and environmental and climate initiatives with international agencies and countries in all regions of the world. This includes serving as director of the LEDS Global Partnership Secretariat and of the Green Growth Best Practices Initiative and providing senior management leadership of the Clean Energy Solutions Center, a Clean Energy Ministerial initiative.

198

Brominated Sorbents for Small Cold-Side ESPs, Hot-Side ESPs and Fly Ash Use in Concrete  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes the work conducted from September 16, 2005 through December 31, 2008 on the project entitled �Brominated Sorbents for Small Cold-Side ESPs, Hot-Side ESPs and Fly Ash Use in Concrete�. The project covers testing at three host sites: Progress Energy H.F. Lee Station and the Midwest Generation Crawford and Will County Stations. At Progress Energy Lee 1, parametric tests were performed both with and without SO{sub 3} injection in order to determine the impact on the mercury sorbent performance. In addition, tests were performed on the hot-side of the air preheater, before the SO{sub 3} is injected, with H-PAC� sorbents designed for use at elevated temperatures. The BPAC� injection provided the expected mercury removal when the SO{sub 3} injection was off. A mercury removal rate due to sorbent of more than 80% was achieved at an injection rate of 8 lb/MMacf. The operation with SO{sub 3} injection greatly reduced the mercury sorbent performance. An important learning came from the injection of H-PAC� on the hot-side of the air preheater before the SO{sub 3} injection location. The H-PAC� injected in this manner appeared to be independent of the SO{sub 3} injection and provided better mercury removal than with injecting on the cold-side with SO{sub 3} injection. Consequently, one solution for plants like Lee, with SO{sub 3} injection, or plants with SO{sub 3} generated by the SCR catalyst, is to inject H-PAC� on the hot-side before the SO{sub 3} is in the flue gas. Even better performance is possible by injecting on the cold-side without the SO{sub 3}, however. During the parametric testing, it was discovered that the injection of B-PAC� (or H-PAC�) was having a positive impact upon ESP performance. It was decided to perform a 3-day continuous injection run with B-PAC� in order to determine whether Lee 1 could operate without SO{sub 3} injection. If the test proved positive, the continuous injection would continue as part of the long-term test. The injection of B-PAC� did allow for the operation of Lee 1 without SO{sub 3} injection and the long-term test was conducted from March 8 through April 7, 2006. The total mercury removal for the 30-day long-term test, excluding the first day when SO{sub 3} was injected and the last day when a plain PAC was used, averaged 85%. The achievement of 85% Hg removal over the 30 days longterm test is another milestone in the history of achievement of the Albemarle Environmental f/k/a Sorbent Technologies Corporation B-PAC� sorbent. A clear indication of the impact of B-PAC� on opacity came at the end of the long-term test. It was hoped that Lee 1 could be operated for several days after the end of the long-term test. It took less than a day before the opacity began to increase. The discovery that B-PAC� can improve ESP performance while capturing a large amount of mercury is another milestone for the B-PAC� mercury sorbent. The parametric testing at the Midwest Generation Crawford Station was divided into two phases; the first using C-PAC�, the concrete friendly sorbent, and the other using nonconcrete friendly materials. The first phase of the parametric tests was conducted before the long-term test. The second phase of the parametric testing was performed after the long-term test in order to avoid contaminating the fly ash containing the concrete friendly sorbents. The parametric test began with an injection rate of 1 lb/MMacf and, after a period to allow the mercury concentration to stabilize, the rate was increased to 3 lb/MMacf. The Hg removal for this test was about 60% due to sorbent and 69% total at the injection rate of 1 lb/MMacf and 80% due to sorbent and 84% total for the 3 lb/MMacf injection rate. The average total vapor phase mercury removal for the first 21 days of the long-term test was 82% at an injection rate o

Ronald Landreth

2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

199

Optimizing the Synchronization Operations in Message Passing Interface One-Sided Communication  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One-sided communication in Message Passing Interface (MPI) requires the use of one of three different synchronization mechanisms, which indicate when the one-sided operation can be started and when the operation is completed. Efficient implementation ... Keywords: MPI, one-sided communication, remote-memory access, synchronization

Rajeev Thakur; William Gropp; Brian Toonen

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

VEE-0081 - In the Matter of North Side Coal & Oil Co., Inc. | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 - In the Matter of North Side Coal & Oil Co., Inc. 1 - In the Matter of North Side Coal & Oil Co., Inc. VEE-0081 - In the Matter of North Side Coal & Oil Co., Inc. On February 25, 2002, North Side Coal & Oil Co., Inc. (North Side) of Milwaukee, Wisconsin filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy (DOE). In its application, North Side requests that it be excused from filing the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) form entitled "Resellers'/ Retailers' Monthly Petroleum Product Sales Report" (Form EIA-782B). As explained below, we conclude that it is appropriate to excuse North Side from filing the Form EIA-782B from September 2002 until March 2003 because the firm is a "noncertainty firm" and has demonstrated that it will

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Method of controlling the side wall thickness of a turbine nozzle segment for improved cooling  

SciTech Connect

A gas turbine nozzle segment has outer and inner bands and a vane extending therebetween. Each band has a side wall, a cover and an impingement plate between the cover and nozzle wall defining two cavities on opposite sides of the impingement plate. Cooling steam is supplied to one cavity for flow through apertures of the impingement plate to cool the nozzle wall. The side wall of the band has an inturned flange defining with the nozzle wall an undercut region. The outer surface of the side wall is provided with a step prior to welding the cover to the side wall. A thermal barrier coating is applied in the step and, after the cover is welded to the side wall, the side wall is finally machined to a controlled thickness removing all, some or none of the coating.

Burdgick, Steven Sebastian (Schenectady, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

A Demand-Side Management Experience in Existing Building Commissioning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As part of a suite of demand-side management (DSM) program offerings, Xcel Energy provides a recommissioning program to its Colorado commercial customers. The program has a summer peak-demand savings goal of 7.8 MW to be achieved by 2005. Commenced in 2002 as a pilot, the program offers no-cost recommissioning services and incentives to participants to buy-down implementation costs to achieve a one-year simple payback. To date, four projects are complete and twenty-three more are underway. It is anticipated that approximately 65 projects will be completed through the program by 2005. This paper describes the basic program design and implementation process. The choices made in response to market barriers and program constraints are highlighted. In addition, the paper details the marketing efforts, the competitive bidding process, the standardized program elements, measurement and verification activities, and project savings to date. For each program aspect, program successes, uncertainties, and lessons learned are presented.

Franconi, E.; Selch, M.; Bradford, J.; Gruen, B.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Demand-Side and Supply-Side Load Management: Optimizing with Thermal Energy Storage (TES) for the Restructuring Energy Marketplace  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The current and future restructuring energy marketplace represents a number of challenges and opportunities to maximize value through the management of peak power. This is true both on the demand-side regarding peak power use and on the supply-side regarding power generation. Thermal Energy Storage (TES) can provide the flexibility essential to the economical management of power. In large industrial applications, the added value of TES has been demonstrated, not only in managing operating costs, but also in delivering a net saving in capital cost versus conventional, non-storage approaches. This capital cost saving is often realized in situations where investments in chiller plant capacity, or in on-site power generating capacity, are required. On the demand-side, TES has long been used to shift air-conditioning loads and process cooling loads from on-peak to off-peak periods. In today's and tomorrow's restructuring energy markets, price spikes are increasingly likely during periods of peak power demand. TES is performing an important role, especially when coupled with a proper understanding of modern TES technology options. The inherent advantages and limitations of the available TES technology options are briefly reviewed and discussed. Examples of existing large TES installations are presented, identifying the TES technology types they utilize. The applications include industrial facilities, as well as universities, hospitals, government, and District Cooling utility systems. The power management impact and the economic benefits of TES are illustrated through a review of several TES case studies. Combustion Turbines (CTs) are a common choice for modern on-site and utility power generation facilities. Inlet air cooling of CTs enhances their hot weather performance and has been successfully accomplished for many years, using a variety of technologies. In many instances, TES can and does provide a uniquely advantageous method of optimizing the economics of CT Inlet Cooling (CTIC) systems. TES systems can achieve low inlet air temperatures, with resulting high levels of power augmentation. The TES approach also minimizes the installed capacity (and capital cost) of cooling systems, as well as limiting the parasitic loads occurring during periods of peak power demand and peak power value. Chilled water, ice, and low temperature fluid TES systems are all applicable to CTIC. The inherent pros and cons of each TES type are discussed. Sensitivity analyses are presented to explore the impact of cooling hours per day on capital cost per kW of power enhancement. Case histories illustrate the beneficial impact of TES-based CTIC on both capital cost and operating cost of CT power plants. TES-based CTIC is advantageous as an economical, peaking power enhancement for either peaking or base-load plants. It is applied to both new and existing CTs. TES is projected to have even greater value in future restructuring energy markets.

Andrepont, J. S.

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

DSM (demand-side management) commercial customer acceptance: Volume 2, Survey and database documentation: Final report. [Demand-side management  

SciTech Connect

A survey was conducted among utility DSM (demand-side management) program managers to gather information on the characteristics of commercial sector programs. The survey data were used in part to identify the important factors that influence customer participation in such programs. Information was gathered in the following general areas of interest: (1) program characteristics (e.g., program type, objectives, status, etc.); (2) marketing characteristics (e.g., promotional mechanisms, budget, goals, etc.); (3) customer eligibility and participation (e.g., characteristics of the eligible population, participation by customer category, etc.); and (4) market research information (e.g., the data that pertain to the effectiveness of the progress). The survey obtained information on 108 DSM programs covering a broad range of options, including audits, non-audit information, financial incentive, direct load control, distributed local control, thermal energy storage, time-of-use rates, and other rate programs. Program planners can use the survey database, presented in its entirety in this report, to identify utilities that have already implemented DSM programs of interest and to learn from their experience.

George, S.S.; Kirksey, W.E.; Skelton, J.C.

1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Relative x-ray backlighter intensity comparison of ti and ti/sc combination foils driven in double-sided and single-sided laser configuration  

SciTech Connect

Use of multiple backlighter foils and/or double-sided laser interaction geometry with backlit imaging can result in improved backlighter efficiency. An experimental comparison of backlighter intensity for Ti foils and Ti/Sc combination foils in both the one-sided and double-sided laser-interaction configuration is presented. Spectrally-integrated framing camera images show intensity contributions of front and rear backlighter surfaces for both foil types. Analysis of time-resolved x-ray spectra collected from foil targets show the relative contribution of Ti and Sc 2-1 He-like resonance lines to the total backlighter intensity.

Bullock, A B; Landen, O L; Bradley, D K

2000-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

206

Guidebook for Farmstead Demand-Side Management (DSM) program design  

SciTech Connect

The acceptance and growth of Demand-Side Management (DSM) continues to increase in the US. According to latest estimates, total expenditures on electric utility DSM programs now exceed $1.2 billion annually, with these investments ranging from 1 to 5 percent of a utility's gross revenues. In addition, due to increasing environmental concerns and the high cost of new capacity, these expenditure levels are expected to increase. While the vast majority of these DSM programs are directed at the more traditional residential, commercial and industrial market sectors, significant opportunities still exist. One market segment that has not been the focus of attention but a critical sector from an economic development perspective for marry utilities -- is the agricultural and farmstead market. Although the total number of farms in the United States decreased by approximately 5 percent between 1985 and 1989, the land dedicated to farming still accounts for over 995 million acres. Furthermore, the total value of farm output in the United States has been steadily increasing since 1986. The limited penetration of energy efficiency measures in farmsteads provides an excellent opportunity for utilities to expand their DSM programming efforts to capture this non-traditional'' market segment, and at the same time assist farms in increasing their efficiency and competitiveness. In marry states, and, in particular New York State, agriculture plays a major economic role. The importance of farms not only from a utility perspective but also from a state and federal perspective cannot be overstated. As such, utilities are in a unique position to facilitate farmstead DSM technology investments in an effort to benefit the farmer (and his profitability), the utility, the state and the country. This guidebook is designed to provide the framework for agricultural demand planning, including market assessment, technology assessment, market penetration analysis and program design.

Rose, M.; Camera, R.K.

1992-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

207

Event:CDKN/MAPS side event: developing countries collaborating for climate  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CDKN/MAPS side event: developing countries collaborating for climate CDKN/MAPS side event: developing countries collaborating for climate compatible development Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png CDKN/MAPS side event: developing countries collaborating for climate compatible development: 20:15-21:45 on 2011/12/08 CDKN/MAPS side event: developing countries collaborating for climate compatible development Event Details Name CDKN/MAPS side event: developing countries collaborating for climate compatible development Date 2011/12/08 Time 20:15-21:45 Location Levubu River room, Durban Exhibition Centre Organizer Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) Tags Climate Knowledge Broker Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Event:CDKN/MAPS_side_event:_developing_countries_collaborating_for_climate_compatible_development&oldid=391878

208

TEE-0067 - In the Matter of North Side Coal & Oil Co., Inc. | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 - In the Matter of North Side Coal & Oil Co., Inc. 7 - In the Matter of North Side Coal & Oil Co., Inc. TEE-0067 - In the Matter of North Side Coal & Oil Co., Inc. On December 2, 2009, North Side Coal & Oil Co., Inc. (North Side) filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy (DOE). The firm requests that it be permanently relieved of the requirement to prepare and file the Energy Information Administration (EIA) Form EIA-782B, entitled "Resellers'/Retailers' Monthly Petroleum Product Sales Report." As explained below, we have determined that the request should be denied. tee0067.pdf More Documents & Publications VEE-0081 - In the Matter of North Side Coal & Oil Co., Inc. TEE-0071 - In the Matter of Monroe Oil Company

209

Time-Distance Imaging of Solar Far-Side Active Regions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is of great importance to monitor large solar active regions in the far-side of the Sun for space weather forecast, in particular, to predict their appearance before they rotate into our view from the solar east limb. Local helioseismology techniques, including helioseismic holography and time-distance, have successfully imaged solar far-side active regions. In this Letter, we further explore the possibility of imaging and improving the image quality of solar far-side active regions by use of time-distance helioseismology. In addition to the previously used scheme with four acoustic signal skips, a five-skip scheme is also included in this newly developed technique. The combination of both four- and five-skip far-side images significantly enhances the signal-to-noise ratio in the far-side images, and reduces spurious signals. The accuracy of the far-side active region imaging is also assessed using one whole year solar observation.

Junwei Zhao

2007-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

210

Time-Distance Imaging of Solar Far-Side Active Regions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is of great importance to monitor large solar active regions in the far-side of the Sun for space weather forecast, in particular, to predict their appearance before they rotate into our view from the solar east limb. Local helioseismology techniques, including helioseismic holography and time-distance, have successfully imaged solar far-side active regions. In this Letter, we further explore the possibility of imaging and improving the image quality of solar far-side active regions by use of time-distance helioseismology. In addition to the previously used scheme with four acoustic signal skips, a five-skip scheme is also included in this newly developed technique. The combination of both four- and five-skip far-side images significantly enhances the signal-to-noise ratio in the far-side images, and reduces spurious signals. The accuracy of the far-side active region imaging is also assessed using one whole year solar observation.

Zhao, Junwei

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Apparatus for impingement cooling a side wall adjacent an undercut region of a turbine nozzle segment  

SciTech Connect

A gas turbine nozzle segment has outer and inner bands and vanes therebetween. Each band includes a side wall, a cover and an impingement plate between the cover and nozzle wall defining two cavities on opposite sides of the impingement plate. Cooling steam is supplied to one cavity for flow through apertures of the impingement plate to cool the nozzle wall. The side wall of the band and inturned flange define with the nozzle wall an undercut region. Slots are formed through the inturned flange along the nozzle side wall. A plate having through-apertures extending between opposite edges thereof is disposed in each slot, the slots and plates being angled such that the cooling medium exiting the apertures in the second cavity lie close to the side wall for focusing and targeting cooling medium onto the side wall.

Burdgick, Steven Sebastian (Schenectady, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Feasibility study of AC- and DC-side active filters for HVDC converter terminals  

SciTech Connect

This paper evaluates the technical and economic feasibility for active filtering of dc-side voltage harmonics and the ac-side current harmonics produced by a HVDC converter. The following designs for the active filter concepts are compared with the existing ac-side and dc-side passive filters used at the Dickinson terminal of the CU HVDC transmission line project: the dc-side active filter consisting of a capacitor coupled current injection source to actively neutralize the 12th, 24th and the 36th harmonics, and the ac-side active filter designed to provide the same fundamental frequency reactive VARs as the existing passive filters. Controlled currents are injected to actively filter the 11th and 13th harmonic currents. A cost comparison is made between these active filter designs and the cost of the existing passive filters supplied by the United Power Association (UPA).

Wong, C.; Mohan, N. (Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis, MN (USA). Dept. of Electrical Engineering); Wright, S.E. (Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (USA)); Mortenson, K.N. (United Power Association, Elk River, MN (USA))

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Innovative and Progressive Electric Utility Demand-Side Management Strategies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conservation of electric energy has been a concern of energy users in the residential, commercial and industrial sectors for several decades, and has increased in significance since the 1973 energy shortages. During this time, it has also become increasing difficult for electric utilities to install new generating capacity due to public concerns about nuclear energy and environmental issues. In many areas of the country, utilities now find themselves capacity short during their peak periods, and have concerns about providing a reliable supply of electricity. These utilities have initiated programs which encourage their customers to conserve electric energy, and shift or lower use during the utility's peak periods. In other areas of the country there are utilities which have more than adequate electric supplies. These utilities have developed programs which ensure that costs of electricity are such that existing customers are maintained. Programs which address demand issues of an energy utility are referred to as Demand-Side Management (DSM) and are extremely rigorous in scope. Electric utilities have pursued many different DSM policies and strategies during the past decade. These programs have addressed various technologies and have included rebates for efficient lighting, electric motors and packaged air conditioning systems. More recently, however, many utilities have implemented very innovative programs, which indicates an increased commitment towards demand planning, and requires a substantial financial investment in new equipment and engineering services. Some programs have addressed such areas as thermal storage and industrial processes, and others have included comprehensive facility energy studies where greater than fifty percent of the cost of energy retrofits may be covered by the utility. Progressive pricing strategies have included real-time pricing and aggressive curtailable rates for commercial and industrial buildings. Further, new standards are being established by electric utilities which promote energy efficient new construct ion. All of these programs can have considerable impacts on both the customer's and utility's energy use patterns and load shapes. This paper will discuss a number of more significant and innovative DSM programs, and will explain the potential load and energy impacts.

Epstein, G. J.; Fuller, W. H.

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Demand-side carbon reduction strategies in an era of electric industry competition  

SciTech Connect

With the national debate on the need for intensified research and development, supply-side mandates, and carbon taxes likely to continue for some time, the authors propose a five-point, integrated demand-side plan that is compatible with marketplace forces and can be implemented now. This paper presents a five-point, integrated demand-side plan designed to be compatible with marketplace forces in the competitive electricity era, while the nation continues to debate the need for intensified research and development, supply-side mandates, and carbon taxes.

Meyers, E.M.; Hu, G.M. [District of Columbia Public Service Commission, Washington, DC (United States)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

E17: The Thought and Process on Coal Side BFG Flux Display Eorr ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, E17: The Thought and Process on Coal Side BFG Flux .... D18: Pure and Doped Ceria Nanoparticles for Green Natural Gas Combustion.

216

New and Underutilized Technology: Air-side Economizers and Filters for Data Centers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The following information outlines key deployment considerations for air-side economizers and filters for data centers within the Federal sector.

217

Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction Full-Scale Test  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Full-Scale Test (FST) program was performed by Parsons and its team members General Atomics and Energy Solutions to assess the performance of full-scale centrifugal contactors specified for the Department of Energy Salt Waste Processing Facility (SWPF). The SWPF, to be located at the Savannah River Site (SRS) in Aiken, South Carolina, will remove highly radioactive waste constituents, principally actinides, strontium (Sr), and cesium (Cs) radionuclides, from salt waste solutions currently stored in SRS high-level waste tanks. Caustic-side Solvent Extraction (CSSX) removes Cs from waste feed that has been treated upstream to remove actinides and Sr. CSSX uses a custom solvent to extract Cs from the salt solution in a series of single stage centrifugal contactors. The test system comprised (a) eleven 25.4 cm (10'') full-scale contactors (versus 36 in SWPF) for the extraction, scrub, strip, and wash stages; (b) two solvent recovery coalescers; and (c) the associated hardware and control system, packaged in four skid mounted modules. This paper describes the results of tests performed to define both hydraulic performance parameters (maximum hydraulic capacity and phase carryover) and solvent extraction performance parameters (Cs mass transfer efficiencies) using simulated SWPF waste and actual CSSX solvent. The test results confirmed key design features of the CSSX process and, as a consequence, the use of CSSX in the SWPF. In conclusion: Total throughput was initially limited to 85% of maximum flow during FST. Minor system modifications performed prior to mass transfer testing series resulted in the realization of 100% throughput. The 100% flow equates to slightly more than 35.6 x 10{sup 6} L/yr (9.4 Mgal/yr) of waste processed in SWPF which is anticipated to be the peak plant throughput. To achieve the best hydraulic performance in extraction, it is recommended that the extraction contactors be operated at the highest reasonable speed possible (>2100 rpm). Vibration, hardware limitations, bearing life, and other factors should be considered prior to final selection of extraction contactor speeds in SWPF. In strip (also scrub and wash) aqueous carryover decreased and organic carryover increased as the rotor speeds increased. It is recommended that the strip, scrub, and wash contactors be operated at intermediate speeds (between 1500 and 2100 rpm) to achieve a performance compromise between aqueous and organic carryover. Curved-vane bottom plates showed a significant hydraulic performance (aqueous and organic carryover) advantage over straight-vane bottom plates in extraction. There was no significant mass transfer performance advantage for either plate type in extraction. Thus, curved-vane bottom plates in extraction may be the better option for use in SWPF. There was no significant hydraulic performance difference between the plate types in strip. Straight-vanes provided significantly better mass transfer performance in strip compared to curved-vanes. Based solely on mass transfer performance, straight-vane bottom plates in the strip, scrub, and wash contactors are recommended for use in SWPF. Utilizing straight-vanes in the stripping section, the overall SWPF CSSX performance is expected to meet or exceed the target DF of 40,000 with minimum extraction D{sub Cs} of 10. (authors)

Lentsch, R.D.; Stephens, A.B. [General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States); Bartling, K.E. [Parsons, Aiken, SC (United States); Singer, S.A. [Energy Solutions, Aiken, SC (United States)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

RSLDI: Restoration of single-sided low-quality document images  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper addresses the problem of enhancing and restoring single-sided low-quality single-sided document images. Initially, a series of multi-level classifiers is introduced covering several levels, including the regional and content levels. These ... Keywords: Bayes modeling, Classifiers, Degradation modeling, Document enhancement and restoration, ICA, Nonlinear model, PDE-based image processing

Reza Farrahi Moghaddam; Mohamed Cheriet

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

The Dark Side: from Dark Energy & Dark Matter to Washington and Science Policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Dark Side: from Dark Energy & Dark Matter to Washington and Science Policy Presenter: Michael: The Map Room (www.maproom.com )1949 N. Hoyne #12;The Dark Side: from Dark Energy and Dark Matter to Washington and Science Policy Presenter: Michael S. Turner Time & Date: 7-9 PM Monday June 16, 2008 Location

Collar, Juan I.

220

First-Party Content and Coordination in Two-Sided Markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The strategic use of first-party content by two-sided platforms is driven by two key factors: the nature of buyer and seller expectations favorable versus unfavorable and the nature of the relationship between first-party content and third-party content ... Keywords: first-party content, platform strategy, technology, two-sided platforms

Andrei Hagiu, Daniel Spulber

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Summarizing observational client-side data to reveal web usage patterns  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Client-side event logs may reveal patterns of usage of Web pages. Nevertheless, extracting useful and novel information from this voluminous data set is a challenge for evaluation tools, since a few minutes simple task may result in a sequence of hundreds ... Keywords: client-side event logs, usage patterns, websites evaluation tool

Vagner Figuerêdo de Santana; M. Cecília C. Baranauskas

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

A random M-ary method based countermeasure against side channel attacks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The randomization of scalar multiplication in ECC is one of the fundamental concepts in defense methods against side channel attacks. This paper proposes a countermeasure against simple and differential power analyses attacks through randomizing the ... Keywords: DPA, SPA, elliptic curve cryptosystems, power analysis attacks, random m-ary recoding algorithm, side channel attacks

MahnKi Ahn; JaeCheol Ha; HoonJae Lee; SangJae Moon

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Fuzzy financial profitability analyses of demand side management alternatives from participant perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper derives fuzzy profitability models for the financial evaluation of different demand side management (DSM) alternatives. The present value of cost (PVC) and equivalent uniform annual cost (EUAC) models are selected to determine the least-cost ... Keywords: Mellin transform, cogeneration, cooling energy storage, demand side management, fuzzy mathematics, fuzzy ranking, profitability analyses

J. N. Sheen

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Rainfall Anomaly over the Lee Side of Mount Carmel (Israel) and the Associated Wind Field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Yagur and other rain gauge stations located on the lee side of Mount Carmel in Israel experience much higher amounts of precipitation than those measured on the windward side of the mountain at a similar altitude and more rain than stations on ...

Yair Goldreich; Ariel Freundlich; Pinhas Alpert

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Measurement of Ocean Wave Directional Spectra Using Doppler Side-Scan Sonar Arrays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A technique is presented for extraction of ocean wave directional spectra using Doppler side-scan sonars. Two 103-kHz steerable side-scan beams from a freely drifting subsurface platform are used to estimate horizontal water surface velocity due ...

Mark V. Trevorrow

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Leakage Mapping: A Systematic Methodology for Assessing the Side-Channel Information Leakage of Cryptographic Implementations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a generalized framework to evaluate the side-channel information leakage of symmetric block ciphers. The leakage mapping methodology enables the systematic and efficient identification and mitigation of problematic information leakages by ... Keywords: Differential power analysis, advanced encryption standard, block cipher, cryptanalysis, cryptography, encryption, hardware security, information leakage, physical-layer security, side-channel analysis

William E. Cobb; Rusty O. Baldwin; Eric D. Laspe

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Low-Interest Loans for Customer-Side Distributed Resources | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Low-Interest Loans for Customer-Side Distributed Resources Low-Interest Loans for Customer-Side Distributed Resources Low-Interest Loans for Customer-Side Distributed Resources < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Solar Wind Program Info Start Date 7/21/2005 State Connecticut Program Type State Loan Program Rebate Amount Varies Provider Banc of America Long-term financing is available to retail end-use customers for the installation of customer-side distributed resources. Customer-side distributed resources are defined by Conn. Gen. Stat. § 16-1 as "(A) the generation of electricity from a unit with a rating of not more than

228

Towards a systematic characterization of the potential of demand side management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With an increasing share of electric energy produced from non-dispatchable renewable sources both energy storage and demand side management might gain tremendously in importance. While there has been significant progress in general properties and technologies of energy storage, the systematic characterization of features particular to demand side management such as its intermittent, time-dependent potential seems to be lagging behind. As a consequence, the development of efficient and sustainable strategies for demand side management and its integration into large-scale energy system models are impeded. This work introduces a novel framework for a systematic time-resolved characterization of the potential for demand side management. It is based on the specification of individual devices both with respect to their scheduled demand and their potential of load shifting. On larger scales sector-specific profiles can straightforwardly be taken into account. The potential for demand side management is then specifie...

Kleinhans, David

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

The performance of a double sided silicon strip detector as a transmission detector for heavy ions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The performance of a double sided silicon strip detector (DSSSD), used for position and energy detection of heavy ions, is reported. The analysis shows that the incomplete charge collection (ICC) and charge sharing (CS) effects of the DSSSD give rise to a loss of energy resolution, however the position information is recorded without ambiguity. Representations of ICC/CS events in the energy spectra are shown and their origins are confirmed by correlation analysis of the spectra from both junction side and ohmic side of the DSSSD.

J L Han; J B Ma; X G Cao; Q Wang; J S Wang; Y Y Yang; P Ma; M R Huang; S L Jin; X J Rong; Z Bai; F Fu; Q Hu; R F Chen; S W Xu; J B Chen; L Jin; Y Li; M H Zhao; H S Xu

2013-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

230

Side-by-side comparisons of evacuated compound parabolic concentrator and flat plate solar collector systems at temperatures of 90 to 100/sup 0/C  

SciTech Connect

This collector system study is an extension of a previous system study in which Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) compared the performance of three solar energy systems operated side by side for over a year. In the present system study, four solar energy systems were operated side by side for part of a year. Two of the collector systems used commercially available compound parabolic concentrator (CPC) collectors, one used a commercially available flat plate collector, and one used an experimental CPC collector built by The University of Chicago. The collectors were mounted in fixed positions; they did not track the sun, and their tilt angles were not seasonally adjusted. All of the collector arrays faced south and were tilted at 42/sup 0/ with respect to the horizon (to match the 42/sup 0/N latitude at ANL). All four collector systems started each day with their storage temperatures at 90/sup 0/C. During the day, each system was operated by its own solar controller. At the end of the day, the tanks were mixed and the temperature changes in the tanks were measured. The change in storage energy was calculated from the temperature change, the heat capacity of the storage system, and the pump energy. 6 refs., 5 figs., 5 tabs.

Allen, J.W.; Schertz, W.W.; Wantroba, A.S.

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

How and why side cooling of high-heat-load optics works.  

SciTech Connect

The temperature gradients in a side-cooled mirror would create a thermal bending moment along the mirror length. For a slender side-cooled mirror with longitudinally uniform incident beam, the tangential slope error is primarily due to the bowing deformation caused by this thermal bending moment. The thermal bending moment depends on the temperature distribution, which is a function of the mirror geometry, heat load, and cooling design. Optimal design of a side-cooled mirror can achieve a 'favorable' temperature profile to make the thermal bending moment, with respect to the substrate neutral plane, approach zero, so that the bowing deformation of the mirror is minimized. To understand the deformation of a side-cooled mirror and achieve an optimal design, a theoretical formulation is developed.

Li, Y.; Khounsary, A.; Nair, S.; Experimental Facilities Division (APS); IIT

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Apparatus and methods for impingement cooling of a side wall of a turbine nozzle segment  

SciTech Connect

A gas turbine nozzle segment has outer and inner bands and a vane therebetween. Each band includes a nozzle wall, a side wall, a cover and an impingement plate between the cover and the nozzle wall defining two cavities on opposite sides of the impingement plate. Cooling steam is supplied to one cavity for flow through apertures of the impingement plate to cool the nozzle wall. The side wall of the band and inturned flange define with the nozzle wall an undercut region. The impingement plate has a turned flange welded to the inturned flange. A backing plate overlies the turned flange and aligned apertures are formed through the backing plate and turned flange to direct and focus cooling flow onto the side wall of the nozzle segment.

Burdgick, Steven Sebastian (Schenectady, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

One-sided Tauberian conditions for (A,k) summability method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, some one-sided Tauberian conditions for (A,k) summability method have been obtained. Keywords: (A ,k) summability, General control modulo, Moderate oscillation, Regularly generated sequence, Slow oscillation

?Brahim ÇAnak; íMit Totur; Mehmet Dik

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Topographic Rectification of Tidal Currents on the Sides of Georges Bank  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The rectification of M2 tidal currents on the sloping sides of Georges Bank is predicted to make an important year-round contribution to its observed mean clockwise circulation. A rectification mechanism involving continuity and Coriolis effects, ...

John W. Loder

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

An evaluation of implementation options for MPI one-sided communication  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

MPI defines one-sided communication operations—put, get, and accumulate—together with three different synchronization mechanisms that define the semantics associated with the initiation and completion of these operations. In this paper, we ...

William Gropp; Rajeev Thakur

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Supply Side Management Kit: Service for Energy Suppliers and Process Industry Customers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Supply Side Management Kit highlights proposed EPRI's services for energy suppliers and process industries in the supply side area. With the onset of electricity deregulation, process industry customers are increasingly looking at reducing energy costs on the supply of energy. The new environment has created significant opportunities for cost-effective purchase, management, generation, utilization, and sale of energy for process industries. This kit discusses the services offered by EPRI to meet its ...

1999-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

237

The demand-side management program development process: A utility perspective  

SciTech Connect

This report describes an aspect of DSM that has received little attention, namely, how utilities develop DSM programs. The selection of utilities to study purposely was biased in favor of those with reputations for being experienced DSM program developers so as to optimize the chances to obtain detailed information. The DSM planning process is affected by organizational factors and external influences: (1) the location of the demand-side planning department within the utility; (2) the demand-side planning group`s functional responsibilities; (3) upper management participation in the DSM program development process; and (4) the organizational relationship between (or, separation of) supply-side and demand-side planning. Organizational factors reflect utilities` views of DSM programs and thus can affect the adoption of a technology- or customer-oriented approach. Despite repeated claims of the uniqueness of the demand- side planning process and its resistance to standardization, two general approaches to program development were discerned, namely technology- or customer-orientation. Although utilities consider customer related and technological factors in their DSM program development process, utilities can be differentiated by their emphasis on one or the other approach. 25 refs.

Wolfe, A.K. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Yourstone, N.E. [Yourstone (Evelin), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

The demand-side management program development process: A utility perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes an aspect of DSM that has received little attention, namely, how utilities develop DSM programs. The selection of utilities to study purposely was biased in favor of those with reputations for being experienced DSM program developers so as to optimize the chances to obtain detailed information. The DSM planning process is affected by organizational factors and external influences: (1) the location of the demand-side planning department within the utility; (2) the demand-side planning group's functional responsibilities; (3) upper management participation in the DSM program development process; and (4) the organizational relationship between (or, separation of) supply-side and demand-side planning. Organizational factors reflect utilities' views of DSM programs and thus can affect the adoption of a technology- or customer-oriented approach. Despite repeated claims of the uniqueness of the demand- side planning process and its resistance to standardization, two general approaches to program development were discerned, namely technology- or customer-orientation. Although utilities consider customer related and technological factors in their DSM program development process, utilities can be differentiated by their emphasis on one or the other approach. 25 refs.

Wolfe, A.K. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Yourstone, N.E. (Yourstone (Evelin), Albuquerque, NM (United States))

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Efficient Flow-Sensitive Interprocedural Computation of Pointer-Induced Aliases and Side Effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present practical approximation methods for computing interprocedural aliases and side effects for a program written in a language that includes pointers, reference parameters and recursion. We present the following results: 1) An algorithm for flow-sensitive interprocedural alias analysis which is more precise and efficient than the best interprocedural method known. 2) An extension of traditional flow-insensitive alias analysis which accommodates pointers and provides a framework for a family of algorithms which trade off precision for efficiency. 3) An algorithm which correctly computes side effects in the presence of pointers. Pointers cannot be correctly handled by conventional methods for side effect analysis. 4) An alias naming technique which handles dynamically allocated objects and guarantees the correctness of data-flow analysis. 5) A compact representation based on transitive reduction which does not result in a loss of precision and improves precision in some cases. 6)...

Jong-deok Choi; Michael Burke; Paul Carini

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

The Demand Side: Behavioral Patterns and Unpicked Low-Hanging Fruit  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

The Demand Side: Behavioral Patterns and The Demand Side: Behavioral Patterns and Unpicked Low-Hanging Fruit James Sweeney Stanford University Director Precourt Energy Efficiency Center (Née: Precourt Institute for Energy Efficiency) Professor, Management Science and Engineering 6 Source: McKinsey & Co. Increased commercial space Gasoline Price Controls Compact Fluorescent Penetration LED: Traffic Lights, Task Lighting Appliance Energy Labeling Gasoline Rationing Much Incandescent Lighting Congestion Pricing Personal Computer Penetration Optimized Building Construction Overly Strict Building Standards Pigouvian Energy Tax Reduced Cost Decreased Energy Use "Smart" Regional Land Development Reformed Fuel Efficiency Standards Some Rail Rapid Transit Systems Efficient AC-DC Converters Halt SUV

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Integrating load management with supply-side operations - A case study  

SciTech Connect

The main topic of this paper analyses and discusses the operational integration of Load Management operations with co-generation, power-pool purchases/sells and other supply-side options, where the common denominator is the hourly short-run marginal cost. The second topic concerns the operational coordination problem between a generating utility and its retail distributors when both parties use load management. The thirds is the interactive impacts of interruptible sales and other demand-side programs on the distribution load curve. The discussion is based on the operational experiences at Skydkraft, the largest investor-owned utility in Sweden.

Edvinsson, M.J.; Nilsson, M.O.

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Demand-side-management: DSM must create a future as a profit center  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As utilities prepare for more direct competition, demand-side management (DSM) must also become competitive to survive. DSM has traditionally been a loss leader for utilities - good public relations but expensive. In the coming years, DSM must turn that around and become a source of revenue to continue to flourish. DSm must become a profit center, contributing not only to a positive public image for the utility and appeasing government mandates, but assisting in keeping the utility on the black side of the ledger books. This article examines Central Vermont Public Service`s SmartEnergy subsidiary and it`s GreenPlugs program.

Chambers, A.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Demand-side management programs change along with the electric utility industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

They heyday of demand-side management may be over as far as utilities are concerned. The future path of utility demand-side management programs is obscured in a haze of important questions, especially questions regarding potential legislation and retail wheeling. Until recently, utility after utility was announcing new DSM programs, seemingly almost daily. But, as pointed out in our November issue by Robert Smock, Electric Light & Power`s editorial director, {open_quotes}Survivors of ruthless competition will not be doing much to reduce electricity sales. They`ll be doing their best to sell more of their product.

Stein, H. [ed.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Role of home automation in demand-side management. Topical report, May 1994  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The report explores the role of home automation (HA) in utility demand-side management (DSM) programs, in order to demonstrate the potential usefulness of a combined HA/DSM strategy in meeting the changing needs of the gas industry and providing the industry with a timely and competitive edge in the coming decade. Research was conducted using primary and secondary sources, on-line databases, and documentary research. Factors leading to the development and implementation of demand-side management and home automation were analyzed in order to best define opportunities and interests for the gas industry.

Davis, K.W.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Fourth international symposium on distribution automation and demand side management (DA/DSM 94)  

SciTech Connect

This document is the conference proceedings from the 1994 Distribution Automation/Demand Side Management meeting in Orlando, Florida. There are 87 papers presented, and topics include: (1) improved feeder efficiency, (2) automation of older substations, (3) modeling tools for distribution, planning, and operations, (4) sensing and fault detection, (5) outage monitoring, (6) cost and benefits of distribution automation, (7) communications, (8) optimization of feeder systems operations, (9) information technology, (10) demand-side management applications in the industrial, commercial, and residential sectors, (11) pricing and regulation, and (12) applications to the natural gas industry.

NONE

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

246

Analytical solutions for the three-dimensional side-fringing field of magnetic recording heads  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using conical coordinates, and in the limit of small gap length, the three-dimensional boundary value problem for the side-fringing field of beveled recording heads is reduced to two dimensions. This makes it possible to use analytic functions of a complex variable, and find simple expressions, in terms of elementary functions, for the scalar potential and three-dimensional magnetic fringing field. For a given bevel angle, the spectral response for side reading from in-plane and perpendicular magnetization depends on a single dimensionless parameter, and a quasi-exponential falloff of this response is calculated as a function of the bevel angle.

Mayergoyz, I.D.; Bloomberg, D.S.

1988-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

247

Simple models of district heating systems for load and demand side management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simple models of district heating systems for load and demand side management and operational Energiforskningsprogrammet EFP ENS J.nr. 1373/01-0041 December 2004 #12;Simple models of district heating systems for load 87-7475-323-1 #12;Preface The research project "Simple models of district heating systems for load

248

"Dark Web: Exploring and Min-ing the Dark Side of the Web"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Title: "Dark Web: Exploring and Min- ing the Dark Side of the Web" Speaker: Director, Prof will review the emerging research in Terrorism Informatics based on a web mining perspective. Recent progress in the internationally re- nowned Dark Web project will be reviewed, including: deep/dark web spider- ing (web sites

Michelsen, Claus

249

Proceedings: 5th National Demand-Side Management Conference, Building on Experience: Building on Experience  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mutual benefits are driving the growth of demand-side management (DSM): customers profit from efficiency improvements and enhanced service, utilities make better use of existing resources, and society gains from positive environmental impacts. These conference papers present results of DSM programs throughout the country and offer discussions on emerging issues.

None

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Achieving Demand-Side Synergy from Strategic Diversification: How Combining Mundane Assets Can Leverage Consumer Utilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We explore the overlooked issue of how certain strategic-level, interindustry diversification options might increase consumer utility. Discussions of inter-industry diversification typically focus on producer synergies obtainable from economies ... Keywords: consumer utility, entrepreneurship, firm performance, interindustry diversification, one-stop shopping, strategic management, two-sided markets

Guangliang Ye; Richard L. Priem; Abdullah A. Alshwer

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

[2010] Avoiding Side-Channel Attacks in Embedded Systems with Non-deterministic Branches  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we suggest handling security in embedded systems by introducing a small architectural change. We propose the use of a non-deterministic branch instruction to generate non-determinism in the execution of encryption algorithms. Non-determinism ... Keywords: embedded system security, side-channel attacks, hiding countermeasure

Pedro Malagon, Juan-Mariano de Goyeneche, Marina Zapater, Jose M. Moya

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Fundamental groups, homology equivalences and one-sided h-cobordisms.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We give a sufficient and necessary condition of the fundamental group homomorphism of a map between manifolds to induce homology equivalences. Moreover, a classification of one-sided h-cobordism of manifolds up to diffeomorphisms is obtained, based on Quillen's plus construction with Whitehead torsions.

Yang Su; Shengkui Ye

253

The Role of Windward-Side Diabatic Heating in Sierra Nevada Spillover Precipitation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study focuses on the meso-?- and meso-?-scale manifestations of the latent-heat-induced reduction of windward-side blocking to two flood-producing precipitation events on the leeside of the Sierra Nevada. Two simulations were performed—one ...

Michael L. Kaplan; Ramesh K. Vellore; Phillip J. Marzette; John M. Lewis

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

BRENNAN --DSM UNDER COMPETITION: 1 Demand-Side Management Programs Under Retail  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BRENNAN -- DSM UNDER COMPETITION: 1 Demand-Side Management Programs Under Retail Electricity · An automotive analogy Not marketing of fuel-efficient cars Not exactly CAFE standards or EPA mileage stickers More like getting a check from oil companies if one buys a high mileage car · Conservation

California at Berkeley. University of

255

Agent-based control for decentralised demand side management in the smart grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Central to the vision of the smart grid is the deployment of smart meters that will allow autonomous software agents, representing the consumers, to optimise their use of devices and heating in the smart home while interacting with the grid. However, ... Keywords: agent-based control, agents, demand-side management electricity, energy, multi-agent systems

Sarvapali D. Ramchurn; Perukrishnen Vytelingum; Alex Rogers; Nick Jennings

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Optimal quantum source coding with quantum side information at the encoder and decoder  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Consider many instances of an arbitrary quadripartite pure state of four quantum systems ABCD. Alice holds the AC part of each state, Bob holds B, while R represents all other parties correlated with ABC. Alice is required to redistribute ... Keywords: quantum information, side information, source coding

Jon T. Yard; Igor Devetak

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Trust, untrust, distrust and mistrust – an exploration of the dark(er) side  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There has been a lot of research and development in the field of computational trust in the past decade. Much of it has acknowledged or claimed that trust is a good thing. We think it's time to look at the other side of the coin and ask the questions ...

Stephen Marsh; Mark R. Dibben

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Statistically Based Reduced Representation of Amino Acid Side Chains Jan K. Rainey and M. Cynthia Goh*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Statistically Based Reduced Representation of Amino Acid Side Chains Jan K. Rainey and M. Cynthia.fccc.edu/research/labs/dunbrack/pisces) based on the 818 J. Chem. Inf. Comput. Sci., Vol. 44, No. 3, 2004 RAINEY AND GOH #12;methodology, 2004 RAINEY AND GOH #12;finding AT in that region of (, ) space for each of the µ ( 2.33 ellipses; and

Dellaire, Graham

259

Functionality-rich versus minimalist platforms: a two-sided market analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Should a new "platform" target a functionality-rich but complex and expensive design or instead opt for a bare-bone but cheaper one? This is a fundamental question with profound implications for the eventual success of any platform. A general answer ... Keywords: economics of networks, platforms, two-sided markets

Soumya Sen; Roch Guerin; Kartik Hosanagar

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Advanced Demand Side Management for the Future Smart Grid Using Mechanism Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Advanced Demand Side Management for the Future Smart Grid Using Mechanism Design Pedram Samadi.S. Wong, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--In the future smart grid, both users and power companies can meter. All smart meters are connected to not only the power grid but also a communication infrastructure

Wong, Vincent

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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261

Demand Side Management for Wind Power Integration in Microgrid Using Dynamic Potential Game Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Demand Side Management for Wind Power Integration in Microgrid Using Dynamic Potential Game Theory the intermittency in wind power generation. Our focus is on an isolated microgrid with one wind turbine, one fast supply and demand in an isolated microgrid [2], which is an important concept for renewable energy

Huang, Jianwei

262

WELL BEING WEDNESDAY Oven Baked Chicken Tandoori with Side Salad, Fresh Lime &  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WELL BEING WEDNESDAY Low Fat Oven Baked Chicken Tandoori with Side Salad, Fresh Lime & Homemade with a reduced Fat Tomato Sauce HM V £3.80 Jacket Potato Fillings Low Fat Cottage Cheese Deli Style Coleslaw with Low Fat Mayonnaise Lean Mince Chilli Con Carne Grated Welsh Cheddar Tuna Mayonnaise ­ (responsibly

Davies, Christopher

263

Apparatus and methods for impingement cooling of an undercut region adjacent a side wall of a turbine nozzle segment  

SciTech Connect

A gas turbine nozzle segment has outer and inner bands. Each band includes a side wall, a cover and an impingement plate between the cover and nozzle wall defining two cavities on opposite sides of the impingement plate. Cooling steam is supplied to one cavity for flow through apertures of the impingement plate to cool the nozzle wall. The side wall of the band and inturned flange define with the nozzle wall an undercut region. The inturned flange has a plurality of apertures for directing cooling steam to cool the side wall between adjacent nozzle segments.

Burdgick, Steven Sebastian (Schenectady, NY); Itzel, Gary Michael (Simpsonville, SC)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Analysis of side end pressurized bump type gas foil bearings: a model anchored to test data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Comprehensive modeling of gas foil bearings (GFBs) anchored to reliable test data will enable the widespread usage of GFBs into novel turbomachinery applications, such as light weight business aircraft engines, hybrid fuel cell-turbine power systems, and micro-engines recharging battery packs for clean hybrid electric vehicles. Pressurized air is often needed to cool GFBs and to carry away heat conducted from a hot turbine in oil-free micro turbomachinery. Side end pressurization, however, demonstrates a profound effect on the rotordynamic performance of GFBs. This dissertation presents the first study that devotes considerable attention to the effect of side end pressurization on delaying the onset rotor speed of subsynchronous motions. GFB performance depends largely on the support elastic structure, i.e. a smooth foil on top of bump strips. The top foil on bump strips layers is modeled as a two dimensional (2D), finite element (FE) shell supported on axially distributed linear springs. The structural model is coupled to a unique model of the gas film governed by modified Reynolds equation with the evolution of gas flow circumferential velocity, a function of the side end pressure. Predicted direct stiffness and damping increase as the pressure raises, while the difference in cross-coupled stiffnesses, directly related to rotor-bearing system stability, decreases. Prediction also shows that side end pressurization delays the threshold speed of instability. Dynamic response measurements are conducted on a rigid rotor supported on GFBs. Rotor speed-up tests first demonstrate the beneficial effect of side end pressurization on delaying the onset speed of rotor subsynchronous motions. The test data are in agreement with predictions of threshold speed of instability and whirl frequency ratio, thus validating the model of GFBs with side end pressurization. Rotor speed coastdown tests at a low pressure of 0.35 bar evidence nearly uniform normalized rotor motion amplitudes and phase angles with small and moderately large imbalance masses, thus implying a linear rotor response behavior. A finite element rotordynamic model integrates the linearized GFB force coefficients to predict the synchronous responses of the test rotor. A comparison of predictions to test data demonstrates an excellent agreement and successfully validates the rotordynamic model.

Kim, Tae Ho

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Mobility and Carbon: The Blind Side of Transport Fuel Demand in the  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mobility and Carbon: The Blind Side of Transport Fuel Demand in the Mobility and Carbon: The Blind Side of Transport Fuel Demand in the Developed and Developing World Speaker(s): Lee Schipper Date: February 15, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Anita Estner James McMahon A new "Great Wall" has emerged in China, this one a string of miles of cars stuck in traffic. Emissions from road transport in developing countries are expected to rise sharply in the coming decades if current trends continue. Projections of passenger and freight activity, vehicle use, and CO2 emissions push up overall CO2 emissions by a factor of three in Latin American and five in Asia by 2030, even with fuel economy improvements. The increase in car use is in part a result of growing incomes and economic activity, but it also reflects the poor quality of transit and

266

On correlation between protein secondary structure, backbone bond angles, and side-chain orientations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the fine structure of the sp3 hybridized covalent bond geometry that governs the tetrahedral architecture around the central C$_\\alpha$ carbon of a protein backbone, and for this we develop new visualization techniques to analyze high resolution X-ray structures in Protein Data Bank. We observe that there is a correlation between the deformations of the ideal tetrahedral symmetry and the local secondary structure of the protein. We propose a universal coarse grained energy function to describe the ensuing side-chain geometry in terms of the C$_\\beta$ carbon orientations. The energy function can model the side-chain geometry with a sub-atomic precision. As an example we construct the C$_\\alpha$-C$_\\beta$ structure of HP35 chicken villin headpiece. We obtain a configuration that deviates less than 0.4 \\.A in root-mean-square distance from the experimental X-ray structure.

Lundgren, Martin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Demand Side Management in the Smart Grid: Information Processing for the Power Switch  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this article we discuss the most recent developments in the area of load management, and consider possible interaction schemes of novel architectures with distributed energy resources (DER). In order to handle the challenges faced by tomorrow’s smart grid, which are caused by volatile load and generation profiles (from the large number of plug-in EVs and from renewable integration), the conventional grid operating principle of load-following needs to be changed into load-shaping or generation-following. Demand Side Management will be a most promising and powerful solution to the above challenges. However, many other issues such as load forecasting, pricing structure, market policy, renewable integration interface, and even the AC/DC implementation at the distribution side, need to be taken into the design in order to search for the most effective and applicable solution.

Alizadeh, Mahnoosh; LI, Xiao; Wang, Zhifang; Scagilone, Anna; Melton, Ronald B.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Front contact solar cell with formed electrically conducting layers on the front side and backside  

SciTech Connect

A bipolar solar cell includes a backside junction formed by a silicon substrate and a first doped layer of a first dopant type on the backside of the solar cell. A second doped layer of a second dopant type makes an electrical connection to the substrate from the front side of the solar cell. A first metal contact of a first electrical polarity electrically connects to the first doped layer on the backside of the solar cell, and a second metal contact of a second electrical polarity electrically connects to the second doped layer on the front side of the solar cell. An external electrical circuit may be electrically connected to the first and second metal contacts to be powered by the solar cell.

Cousins, Peter John

2012-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

269

EVALUATION OF KANIGEN, ELECTROLESS NICKEL PLATING FOR STEAM SIDE OF A SODIUM COMPONENT STEAM GENERATOR  

SciTech Connect

The evaluation of Kanigen electroless nickel plating for surfaces in contact with water and steam in a sodium-heated Type 316 stainless steel steam generator is reported. The purpose of the coating is to afford protection from stress corrosion cracking originating on the water-steam side of the unit. It is concluded that the Kanigen coating does not afford adequate protection for the service conditions. (D.L.C.)

1961-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

270

Steam Generator Management Program: Investigation of Steam Generator Secondary-Side Degradation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document reviews and discusses age-related degradation that has occurred in the carbon steel internal components in the steam drums of Westinghouse steam generators (SGs), especially in original and early replacement SGs. The degradation is characterized by gradual thinning (loss of material) that is generally localized in the components as a result of exposure to high-velocity steam-water mixtures. Material loss from internal components has been noted during secondary-side visual inspections of ori...

2011-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

271

Proceedings: Steam Generator Management Program 2012 Steam Generator Secondary Side Management Conference  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report contains the work presented at the EPRI Steam Generator Management Program (SGMP) 2012 Steam Generator Secondary Side Management Conference. Over eighty attendees, representing both domestic and international utilities, vendors, and academia, participated in the conference. It included twenty-one papers on current issues, research and utility experiences involving corrosion product generation and transport, deposit control and mitigation, deposit consolidation and removal, and short- and ...

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

272

PWR Steam Generator Secondary-Side IGA/SCC: Correlations with Deposit Lead and Phosphate History  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report covers an investigation into possible correlations between steam generator deposit lead concentrations and rates of intergranular attack/stress corrosion cracking (IGA/SCC). It also considers the relationship between prior phosphate injection and the rate of IGA/SCC. Prompting the study is recent identification by analytical transmission electron microscopy (ATEM) of large concentrations of lead in oxides in secondary-side cracks in tube samples from steam generators where significant involve...

2005-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

273

Nuclear heating in thick iron slabs at the ORR Pool Side Facility  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this work was to determine experimentally and computationally the nuclear heating rates in iron in the Pool Side Facility (PSF) of the Oak Ridge Research Reactor (ORR). This work was performed in support of the NRC-Pressure Vessel Surveillance Program, the objective of which is to verify and upgrade dosimetry and damage correlations for pressure vessels of Light Water Reactors (LWR).

Siman-Tov, I.I.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Land-Side Equipment Electrification Opportunities at the Port of Houston, Texas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The air quality problems associated at the Ports, have become a widely discussed issue facing cargo handling in recent years. While growth is necessary for economic health, the pollution emitted is growing as well. This study gives an overview of the many aspects of the port that can be considered for electrification. The emphasis of the work is a complete review of the land side equipment at the Port of Houston, which primary equipment includes: terminal tractors, forklifts, top loaders, empty container...

2006-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

275

Land-Side Equipment Electrification Opportunities at the Port of Long Beach, California  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The air quality problems associated at the Ports, have become a widely discussed issue facing cargo handling in recent years. While growth is necessary for economic health, the pollution emitted is growing as well. This study gives an overview of the many aspects of the port that can be considered for electrification. The emphasis of the work is a complete review of the land side equipment at the Port of Long Beach, which primary equipment includes: terminal tractors, forklifts, top loaders, empty contai...

2006-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

276

Land-Side Equipment Electrification Opportunities at the Port of Toledo, Ohio  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The air quality problems associated at the Ports have become a widely discussed issue facing cargo handling in recent years. While growth is necessary for economic health, the pollution emitted is growing as well. This study gives an overview of the many aspects of the port that can be considered for electrification. The emphasis of the work is a complete review of the land side equipment at the Port of Toledo, where the primary equipment includes: terminal tractors, forklifts, top loaders, empty contain...

2006-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

277

CO{sub 2} mitigation potential of efficient demand-side technologies: The case of Thailand  

SciTech Connect

This study assesses the techno-economic potential of selected demand-side efficient appliances to mitigate CO{sub 2} emission from the power sector in Thailand under national, consumer, and utility perspectives. A key finding of this study is that about 5.5--7% of the total annual CO{sub 2} emission from the electricity sector of the country can be reduced during 1996--2011 from the national perspective.

Shrestha, R.M.; Biswas, W.K.; Timilsina, G.R. [Asian Inst. of Tech., Pathumthani (Thailand). Energy Program; Khummongkol, P.; Sinbanchongjit, S. [King Mongkut`s Inst. of Tech., Bangkok (Thailand)

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Electricity pricing as a demand-side management strategy: Western lessons for developing countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric utilities in the Western world have increasingly realized that load commitments can be met not only by constructing new generating plants but also by influencing electricity demand. This demand-side management (DSM) process requires that electric utilities promote measures on the customer's side of the meter to directly or indirectly influence electricity consumption to meet desired load objectives. An important demand-side option to achieve these load objectives is innovative electricity pricing, both by itself and as a financial incentive for other demand-site measures. This study explores electricity pricing as a DSM strategy, addressing four questions in the process: What is the Western experience with DSM in general and electricity pricing in particular Do innovative pricing strategies alter the amount and pattern of electricity consumption Do the benefits of these pricing strategies outweigh the costs of implementation What are future directions in electricity pricing Although DSM can be used to promote increases in electricity consumption for electric utilities with excess capacity as well as to slow demand growth for capacity-short utilities, emphasis here is placed on the latter. The discussion should be especially useful for electric utilities in developing countries that are exploring alternatives to capacity expansion to meet current and future electric power demand.

Hill, L.J.

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Controlling Market Power and Price Spikes in Electricity Networks: Demand-side Bidding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simona Lup, Jia Jing Liu and Stephen Sosnicki for help with running the experiments and testing the software. This paper has benefited from comments from Kevin McCabe, Mark Olson, Dave Porter, and Stan Reynolds, but all errors are our own. The data are available upon request from the authors. Controlling Market Power and Price Spikes in Electricity Networks: Demand-Side Bidding In this paper we report experiments that examine how two structural features of electricity networks contribute to the exercise of market power in deregulated markets. The first feature is the distribution of ownership of a given set of generating assets. In the market power treatment, two large firms are allocated baseload and intermediate cost generators such that either firm might unilaterally withhold the capacity of its intermediate cost generators from the market to benefit from the supracompetitive prices that would result from only selling its baseload units. In the converse treatment, ownership of some of the intermediate cost generators is transferred from each of these firms to two other firms, so that no one firm could unilaterally restrict output to spawn supra-competitive prices. The second feature explores how the presence of line constraints in a radial network may segment the market and promote supra-competitive pricing in the isolated market segments. We also consider the interaction effect when both of these structural features are present. Having established a wellcontrolled data set with price spikes paralleling those observed in the naturally occurring economy, we also extend the design to include demand-side bidding. We find that demand-side bidding completely neutralizes the exercise of market power and eliminates price spikes.

Stephen J. Rassenti; Vernon L. Smith; Bart J. Wilson

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Modeling of solid-side mass transfer in desiccant particle beds  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A model is proposed for heat and mass transfer in a packed bed of desiccant particles and accounts for both Knudsen and surface diffusion within the particles. Using the model, predictions are made for the response of thin beds of silica gel particles to a step change in air inlet conditions compared to mental results. The predictions are found to be satisfactory and, in general, superior to those of pseudogas-side controlled models commonly used for the design of desiccant dehumidifiers for solar air conditioning application.

Pesaran, A.A.; Mills, A.F.

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Seafloor Classification using Contour Maps Recovered from Side-Scan Sonar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conventional seabed texture segmentation algorithms extract features from images using the gray level intensity of the side-scan images. In this paper we present a method for the classi cation of texture seabeds based on height information. First we propose a new method for the reconstruction of the seabeds by combining a backscattering model and exploiting the geometry of the sonar. The recovery performance of the surface is compared with a previously published method. Afterwards a simple classi cation procedure is applied over rocky and ripple seabeds by using contours maps recovered from sidescan sonar images. 80:8% of the reconstructed seabeds were succesfully classi ed.

Esther Dura; Judith Bell; Dave Lane

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

DSM strikes again. [Demand-side management of gas and electric utilities  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses and explains demand-side management (DSM) of the gas and electric utility companies. It contrasts the advantages that electric utilities offering economic incentives (with any cost passed on to rate payers) to increase demand while such offerings are rarely available from the gas utilities. It then discusses the cause and cost of pollution from conventional electrical facilities compared to gas-operated equipment and facilities. The paper goes on to discuss fuel switching and other incentives to get individuals and facilities to switch to natural gas.

Katz, M.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Effect of Side Permanent Magnets for Reluctance Interior Permanent Magnet Reluctance Machines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A traditional electric machine uses two dimensional magnetic flux paths in its rotor. This paper presents the development work on the utilization of the third dimension of a rotor. As an example, the air gap flux of a radial gap interior permanent magnet motor can be significantly enhanced by additional permanent magnets (PM) mounted at the sides of the rotor. A prototype motor built with this concept provided higher efficiency and required a shorter stator core length for the same power output as the Toyota/Prius traction drive motor.

Hsu, John S [ORNL; Lee, Seong T [ORNL; Wiles, Randy H [ORNL; Coomer, Chester [ORNL; Lowe, Kirk T [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Away-side azimuthal distribution in a Markovian parton scattering model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An event generator is constructed on the basis of a model of multiple scattering of partons so that the trajectory of a parton traversing a dense and expanding medium can be tracked. The parameters in the code are adjusted to fit the \\Delta\\phi azimuthal distribution on the far side when the trigger momentum is in the non-perturbative region, p_T(trigger)trigger momentum with \\pt(trigger) >8 GeV/c, the model reproduces the single-peak structure observed by STAR without invoking any new dynamical mechanism.

Charles B. Chiu; Rudolph C. Hwa

2006-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

285

Review of demand-side bidding programs: Impacts, costs, and cost-effectiveness  

SciTech Connect

In December 1987, Central Maine Power (CMP) instituted the first competitive bidding program that allowed developers to propose installation of conservation measures. Since then, about 30 utilities in 14 states have solicited bids from energy service companies (ESCOs) and customers to reduce energy demand in residential homes and in commercial and industrial facilities. Interest in the use of competitive procurement mechanisms for demand-side resources continues to grow. In this study, the authors build upon earlier work conducted by LBL in collaboration with others (Goldman and Busch 1992; Wolcott and Goldman 1992). They have developed methods to compare bid prices and program costs among utilities. They also characterize approaches used by utilities and developers to allocate risks associated with DSM resources based on their review of a large sample of signed contracts. These contracts are analyzed in some detail because they provide insights into the evolving roles and responsibilities of utilities, customers, and third party contractors in providing demand-side management (DSM) services. The analysis also highlights differences in the allocation of risks between traditional utility rebate programs and DSM bidding programs.

Goldman, C.A.; Kito, M.S. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States). Energy and Environment Div.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Back-side hydrogenation technique for defect passivation in silicon solar cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A two-step back-side hydrogenation process includes the steps of first bombarding the back side of the silicon substrate with hydrogen ions with intensities and for a time sufficient to implant enough hydrogen atoms into the silicon substrate to potentially passivate substantially all of the defects and impurities in the silicon substrate, and then illuminating the silicon substrate with electromagnetic radiation to activate the implanted hydrogen, so that it can passivate the defects and impurities in the substrate. The illumination step also annihilates the hydrogen-induced defects. The illumination step is carried out according to a two-stage illumination schedule, the first or low-power stage of which subjects the substrate to electromagnetic radiation that has sufficient intensity to activate the implanted hydrogen, yet not drive the hydrogen from the substrate. The second or high-power illumination stage subjects the substrate to higher intensity electromagnetic radiation, which is sufficient to annihilate the hydrogen-induced defects and sinter/alloy the metal contacts.

Sopori, Bhushan L. (Denver, CO)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Back-side hydrogenation technique for defect passivation in silicon solar cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A two-step back-side hydrogenation process includes the steps of first bombarding the back side of the silicon substrate with hydrogen ions with intensities and for a time sufficient to implant enough hydrogen atoms into the silicon substrate to potentially passivate substantially all of the defects and impurities in the silicon substrate, and then illuminating the silicon substrate with electromagnetic radiation to activate the implanted hydrogen, so that it can passivate the defects and impurities in the substrate. The illumination step also annihilates the hydrogen-induced defects. The illumination step is carried out according to a two-stage illumination schedule, the first or low-power stage of which subjects the substrate to electromagnetic radiation that has sufficient intensity to activate the implanted hydrogen, yet not drive the hydrogen from the substrate. The second or high-power illumination stage subjects the substrate to higher intensity electromagnetic radiation, which is sufficient to annihilate the hydrogen-induced defects and sinter/alloy the metal contacts. 3 figures.

Sopori, B.L.

1994-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

288

Testing and analysis of load-side immersed heat exchangers for solar domestic hot water systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes work to determine the performance of load-side heat exchangers for use in residential solar domestic hot water systems. We measured the performance of four heat exchangers: a smooth coil and a finned coil having heat transfer areas of 2.5 m/sup 2/ (26 ft/sup 2/) and those having areas of 1.7 m/sup 2/ (19 ft/sup 2/). A numerical model using the thermal network program MITAS was constructed, and results were compared to the experimental results. Research showed a smooth coil with only 70% of the surface area of a finned coil performed better than the finned coil. Also, load-side heat exchangers can maintain and enhance stratification in storage tanks, permitting the use of control strategies that take advantage of stratified storage tanks to increase system performance. The analytical model, which agreed reasonably well with the experimental results, was used to vary heat exchanger flow rate and area and initial tank temperature for both a smooth- and a finned-coil heat exchanger. Increasing the heat exchanger flow rate and area results in higher heat transfer rates but not necessarily optimal performance. Lower initial tank temperatures resulted in reduced tank stratification. The smooth heat exchanger outperformed the finned heat exchanger with the same outside surface area. 15 refs., 37 figs., 9 tabs.

Farrington, R.B.; Bingham, C.E.

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

CAUSTIC SIDE SOLVENT EXTRACTION AT THE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE OPERATING EXPERIENCE AND LESSONS LEARNED  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Modular Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction Unit (MCU) is the first, production-scale Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction process for cesium separation to be constructed. The process utilizes an engineered solvent to remove cesium from waste alkaline salt solution resulting from nuclear processes. While the application of this solvent extraction process is unique, the process uses commercially available centrifugal contactors for the primary unit operation as well as other common methods of physical separation of immiscible liquids. The fission product, cesium-137, is the primary focus of the process due to the hazards associated with its decay. The cesium is extracted from the waste, concentrated, and stripped out of the solvent resulting in a low-level waste salt solution and a concentrated cesium nitrate stream. The concentrated cesium stream can be vitrified into borosilicate glass with almost no increase in glass volume, and the salt solution can be dispositioned as a low-level grout. The unit is deployed as an interim process to disposition waste prior to start-up of the Salt Waste Processing Facility. The Salt Waste Processing Facility utilizes the same cesium removal technology, but will treat more contaminated waste. The MCU is not only fulfilling a critical need, it is the first demonstration of the process at production-scale.

Brown, S.

2010-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

290

Non-rigid Registration and Restoration of Double-sided Historical Manuscripts Jie Wang and Chew Lim Tan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-sided document images. In IEEE WACV, 2000. [11] A. Tonazzini, L. Bedini, and E. Salerno. Independent com- ponent analysis for document restoration. IJDAR, 7(1):17­ 27, 2004. [12] A. Tonazzini, E. Salerno, and L. Bedini

Tan, Chew Lim

291

Numerical Investigation of Air-Side Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop in Circular Finned-Tube Heat Exchangers.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A three-dimensional numerical study is performed to investigate the heat transfer and pressure drop performance on the air-side of circular finned tube bundles in cross… (more)

Mon, Mi Sandar

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Shape-Selectivity with Liquid Crystal and Side-Chain Liquid Crystalline Polymer SAW Sensor Interfaces  

SciTech Connect

A liquid crystal (LC) and a side-chain liquid crystalline polymer (SCLCP) were tested as surface acoustic wave (SAW) vapor sensor coatings for discriminating between pairs of isomeric organic vapors. Both exhibit room temperature smectic mesophases. Temperature, electric-field, and pretreatment with self-assembled monolayers comprising either a methyl-terminated or carboxylic acid-terminated alkane thiol anchored to a gold layer in the delay path of the sensor were explored as means of affecting the alignment and selectivity of the LC and SCLCP films. Results for the LC were mixed, while those for the SCLCP showed a consistent preference for the more rod-like isomer of each isomer pair examined.

FRYE-MASON,GREGORY CHARLES; OBORNY,MICHAEL C.; PUGH,COLEEN; RICCO,ANTONIO; THOMAS,ROSS C.; ZELLERS,EDWARD T.; ZHANG,GUO-ZHENG

1999-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

293

FACTORS FOR ONE-SIDED TOLERANCE LIMITS AND FOR VARIABLES SAMPLING PLANS  

SciTech Connect

Tables are given of a quantity k that is used to define single-sample variables sampling plans and one-sided tolerance limits for a normal distribution. The probability is gamma that at least a proportion P of a normal population is below x + ks, where x has a normal distribution with mean and variance re p- terphenyl /sup 2//n and fs/sup 2// re p-terphenyl /sup 2/ has a chi-square distribu tion with f degrees of freedom. The quantity k just described corresponds to a percentage point of the noncentral tdistribution and is extensively tabulated. Tabulations of other functions computed from the noncentral t-distribution and various expected values are also given. Many other applications are discussed and various approximations compared. One section gives the mathematical derivations and there is an extensive bibliography that was cross referenced to several indices of mathematical and statistical literature. 82 references. (auth)

Owen, D.B.

1963-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Increasing the capacity of the Tory II-C Side Support System  

SciTech Connect

The Tory II-C lateral suspension has been designed for 4 g`s of lateral acceleration of the duct. Calculations and model tests indicate that this requirement has been met or exceeded. In order to have a more realistic model to test, Tory II-C springs are going to be fitted around the full scale core slice which was previously built up. Instrumented accelerations of this assembly should give the most direct demonstration that is possible of the response of the system to flight. This memorandum discusses, knowing the capabilities of the present system, the design changes necessary to suit different maximum accelerations by increasing the capacity of the Tory II-C side support system.

Platt, E. A.; Smiley, P.

1963-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

295

Computer shadow analysis technique for tilted windows shaded by overhangs, vertical projections, and side fins  

SciTech Connect

This paper expands upon previously published techniques for calculating window shadow areas by computer to include tilted and horizontal glazing systems as well as vertical glazing systems. This methodology may be used for any rectangular window shaded by rectangular overhangs and/or side fins perpendicular to the plane of the window. Rectangular projections suspended from the end of an overhang are also accommodated. The technique yields a precise solution and requires minimum input. Computer processing is rapid because iterative algorithms are avoided. Shadow overlaps and end effects are completely treated. The glazing system may have any degree of tilt from horizontal (looking upward) through vertical to horizontal (looking downward). Techniques for sorting window shadow shapes and equations for calculating shadow areas are included.

Bekooy, R.G.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Next Generation Solvent Development for Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction of Cesium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes the FY 2010 and 2011 accomplishments at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in developing the Next Generation Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction (NG-CSSX) process, referred to commonly as the Next Generation Solvent (NGS), under funding from the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Environmental Management (DOE-EM), Office of Technology Innovation and Development. The primary product of this effort is a process solvent and preliminary flowsheet capable of meeting a target decontamination factor (DF) of 40,000 for worst-case Savannah River Site (SRS) waste with a concentration factor of 15 or higher in the 18-stage equipment configuration of the SRS Modular Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction Unit (MCU). In addition, the NG-CSSX process may be readily adapted for use in the SRS Salt Waste Processing Facility (SWPF) or in supplemental tank-waste treatment at Hanford upon appropriate solvent or flowsheet modifications. Efforts in FY 2010 focused on developing a solvent composition and process flowsheet for MCU implementation. In FY 2011 accomplishments at ORNL involved a wide array of chemical-development activities and testing up through single-stage hydraulic and mass-transfer tests in 5-cm centrifugal contactors. Under subcontract from ORNL, Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) designed a preliminary flowsheet using ORNL cesium distribution data, and Tennessee Technological University developed a chemical model for cesium distribution ratios (DCs) as a function of feed composition. Inter Laboratory efforts were coordinated in complementary fashion with engineering tests carried out (and reported separately) by personnel at Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) and Savannah River Remediation (SRR) with helpful advice by Parsons Engineering and General Atomics on aspects of possible SWPF implementation.

Duncan, Nathan C [ORNL; Delmau, Laetitia Helene [ORNL; Ensor, Dale [Tennessee Technological University; Lee, Denise L [ORNL; Birdwell Jr, Joseph F [ORNL; Hill, Talon G [ORNL; Williams, Neil J [ORNL; Stoner, Erica L [ORNL; Roach, Benjamin D [ORNL; Moyer, Bruce A [ORNL; Sloop Jr, Frederick {Fred} V [ORNL

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Hawaii demand-side management resource assessment. Final report: DSM opportunity report  

SciTech Connect

The Hawaii Demand-Side Management Resource Assessment was the fourth of seven projects in the Hawaii Energy Strategy (HES) program. HES was designed by the Department of Business, Economic Development, and Tourism (DBEDT) to produce an integrated energy strategy for the State of Hawaii. The purpose of Project 4 was to develop a comprehensive assessment of Hawaii`s demand-side management (DSM) resources. To meet this objective, the project was divided into two phases. The first phase included development of a DSM technology database and the identification of Hawaii commercial building characteristics through on-site audits. These Phase 1 products were then used in Phase 2 to identify expected energy impacts from DSM measures in typical residential and commercial buildings in Hawaii. The building energy simulation model DOE-2.1E was utilized to identify the DSM energy impacts. More detailed information on the typical buildings and the DOE-2.1E modeling effort is available in Reference Volume 1, ``Building Prototype Analysis``. In addition to the DOE-2.1E analysis, estimates of residential and commercial sector gas and electric DSM potential for the four counties of Honolulu, Hawaii, Maui, and Kauai through 2014 were forecasted by the new DBEDT DSM Assessment Model. Results from DBEDTs energy forecasting model, ENERGY 2020, were linked with results from DOE-2.1E building energy simulation runs and estimates of DSM measure impacts, costs, lifetime, and anticipated market penetration rates in the DBEDT DSM Model. Through its algorithms, estimates of DSM potential for each forecast year were developed. Using the load shape information from the DOE-2.1E simulation runs, estimates of electric peak demand impacts were developed. 10 figs., 55 tabs.

NONE

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Hawaii demand-side management resource assessment. Final report, Reference Volume 1: Building prototype analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides a detailed description of, and the baseline assumptions and simulation results for, the building prototype simulations conducted for the building types designated in the Work Plan for Demand-side Management Assessment of Hawaii`s Demand-Side Resources (HES-4, Phase 2). This report represents the second revision to the initial building prototype description report provided to DBEDT early in the project. Modifications and revisions to the prototypes, based on further calibration efforts and on comments received from DBEDT Staff have been incorporated into this final version. These baseline prototypes form the basis upon which the DSM measure impact estimates and the DSM measure data base were developed for this project. This report presents detailed information for each of the 17 different building prototypes developed for use with the DOE-21E program (23 buildings in total, including resorts and hotels defined separately for each island) to estimate the impact of the building technologies and measures included in this project. The remainder of this section presents some nomenclature and terminology utilized in the reports, tables, and data bases developed from this project to denote building type and vintage. Section 2 contains a more detailed discussion of the data sources, the definition of the residential sector building prototypes, and results of the DOE-2 analysis. Section 3 provides a similar discussion for the commercial sector. The prototype and baseline simulation results are presented in a separate section for each building type. Where possible, comparison of the baseline simulation results with benchmark data from the ENERGY 2020 model or other demand forecasting models specific to Hawaii is included for each building. Appendix A contains a detailed listing of the commercial sector baseline indoor lighting technologies included in the existing and new prototypes by building type.

NONE

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

A side-channel leakage free coprocessor IC in 0.18µm CMOS for embedded AES-based cryptographic and biometric processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Security ICs are vulnerable to side-channel attacks (SCAs) that find the secret key by monitoring the power consumption and other information that is leaked by the switching behavior of digital CMOS gates. This paper describes a side-channel attack resistant ... Keywords: countermeasure, differential power analysis, encryption, security IC, side-channel attack, smart card

K. Tiri; D. Hwang; A. Hodjat; B. Lai; S. Yang; P. Schaumont; I. Verbauwhede

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

The price of ignorance: The impact of side-information on delay for lossless source-coding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inspired by the context of compressing encrypted sources, this paper considers the general tradeoff between rate, end-to-end delay, and probability of error for lossless source coding with side-information. The notion of end-to-end delay is made precise by considering a sequential setting in which source symbols are revealed in real time and need to be reconstructed at the decoder within a certain fixed latency requirement. Upper bounds are derived on the reliability functions with delay when side-information is known only to the decoder as well as when it is also known at the encoder. When the encoder is not ignorant of the side-information (including the trivial case when there is no side-information), it is possible to have substantially better tradeoffs between delay and probability of error at all rates. This shows that there is a fundamental price of ignorance in terms of end-to-end delay when the encoder is not aware of the side information. This effect is not visible if only fixed-block-length codes a...

Chang, Cheng

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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301

Respiration Induced Heart Motion and Indications of Gated Delivery for Left-Sided Breast Irradiation  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To investigate respiration-induced heart motion for left-sided breast irradiation using a four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) technique and to determine novel indications to assess heart motion and identify breast patients who may benefit from a gated treatment. Methods and Materials: Images of 4DCT acquired during free breathing for 20 left-sided breast cancer patients, who underwent whole breast irradiation with or without regional nodal irradiation, were analyzed retrospectively. Dose distributions were reconstructed in the phases of 0%, 20%, and 50%. The intrafractional heart displacement was measured in three selected transverse CT slices using D{sub LAD} (the distance from left ascending aorta to a fixed line [connecting middle point of sternum and the body] drawn on each slice) and maximum heart depth (MHD, the distance of the forefront of the heart to the line). Linear regression analysis was used to correlate these indices with mean heart dose and heart dose volume at different breathing phases. Results: Respiration-induced heart displacement resulted in observable variations in dose delivered to the heart. During a normal free-breathing cycle, heart-induced motion D{sub LAD} and MHD changed up to 9 and 11 mm respectively, resulting in up to 38% and 39% increases of mean doses and V{sub 25.2} for the heart. MHD and D{sub LAD} were positively correlated with mean heart dose and heart dose volume. Respiratory-adapted gated treatment may better spare heart and ipsilateral-lung compared with the conventional non-gated plan in a subset of patients with large D{sub LAD} or MHD variations. Conclusion: Proposed indices offer novel assessment of heart displacement based on 4DCT images. MHD and D{sub LAD} can be used independently or jointly as selection criteria for respiratory gating procedure before treatment planning. Patients with great intrafractional MHD variations or tumor(s) close to the diaphragm may particularly benefit from the gated treatment.

Qi, X. Sharon, E-mail: xiangrong.qi@ucdenver.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO (United States); Hu, Angela [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO (United States); Wang Kai [Department of Radiation Oncology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI (United States); Newman, Francis [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO (United States); Crosby, Marcus; Hu Bin; White, Julia; Li, X. Allen [Department of Radiation Oncology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI (United States)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Wall scanning probe for high-field side plasma measurements on Alcator C-Mod  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new, high-field side scanning probe has been added to Alcator C-Mod's complement of edge diagnostics. The wall scanning probe is designed to provide all the benefits of a linear plunge, multielectrode scanning probe while working from the confined space of the inner tokamak wall. The drive mechanism is an embedded coil which produces a torque with the ambient toroidal magnetic field when energized, thus allowing the probe to plunge to different preprogramed depths at different times during a plasma discharge. The probe tip is designed for easy replacement and is presently configured to operate as a modified, high heat-flux ''Gundestrup-type'' probe with four tungsten electrodes. The probe has demonstrated the ability to obtain cross-field profiles for electron temperature, density, floating potential, and plasma flow information (parallel and perpendicular to B) up to a depth of a few millimiters inside the last-closed flux surface in standard C-Mod discharges. The tungsten-tipped probe has proved very robust and shows little or no damage though it routinely handles surface heat fluxes on the order of 100 MW/m{sup 2} at peak insertion.

Smick, Noah; LaBombard, Brian [Plasma Science and Fusion Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)

2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

303

Compact Probe for Power Detection from the Narrow Side of the Waveguide  

SciTech Connect

Phased array antennas with high directivity have a variety of applications. One of their applications is in RF heating for magnetically confined plasma fusion research. Among these RF heating schemes, waveguide arrays with careful phase control on each waveguide can act as a phased array antenna to deliver megawatts of power for heating fusion plasmas in the lower-hybrid range of frequencies (1 GHz-10 GHz). In order to achieve compactness, it is common to stack reduced height waveguide together to form the waveguide array. As long as the delivered power does not cause arcing in the waveguide, the waveguide height can be quite small. Due to this confined space in a stack of reduced height waveguides, power detection of the incident and reflected wave in the reduced height waveguide is extremely difficult. A new compact probe, which employs current loops, to monitor the incident and reflected wave from the narrow side of the reduced height waveguide has been developed. Its theory and performance will be reported in this paper.

C.C. Kung; S. Bernabei; J. Gumbas; N. Greenough; E. Fredd; J.R. Wilson; J. Hosea

2004-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

304

Recommended Guanidine Suppressor for the Next-Generation Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction Process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The guanidine recommended for the Next-Generation Caustic-Side is N,N ,N -tris(3,7-dimethyloctyl)guanidine (TiDG). Systematic testing has shown that it is significantly more lipophilic than the previously recommended guanidine DCiTG, the active extractant in the commercial guanidine product LIX -79, while not otherwise changing the solvent performance. Previous testing indicated that the extent of partitioning of the DCiTG suppressor to the aqueous strip solution is significantly greater than expected, potentially leading to rapid depletion of the suppressor from the solvent and unwanted organic concentrations in process effluents. Five candidate guanidines were tested as potential replacements for DCiTG. The tests included batch extraction with simulated waste and flowsheet solutions, third-phase formation, emulsion formation, and partition ratios of the guanidine between the solvent and aqueous strip solution. Preliminary results of a thermal stability test of the TiDG solvent at one month duration indicated performance approximately equivalent to DCiTG. Two of the guanidines proved adequate in all respects, and the choice of TiDG was deemed slightly preferable vs the next best guanidine BiTABG.

Moyer, Bruce A [ORNL; Delmau, Laetitia Helene [ORNL; Duncan, Nathan C [ORNL; Ensor, Dale [Tennessee Technological University; Hill, Talon G [ORNL; Lee, Denise L [ORNL; Roach, Benjamin D [ORNL; Sloop Jr, Frederick {Fred} V [ORNL; Williams, Neil J [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Encapsulated sink-side thermal energy storage for pulsed space power systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In sprint mode space applications, which require high power for relatively short durations, energy storage devices may be employed to reduce the size and mass of the thermal management system. This is accomplished by placing the reject heat in the thermal store during the sprint mode. During the remaining nonoperational portion of the orbit the stored heat is dissipated to space. The heat rejection rate is thus reduced, and this results in a smaller radiator being required. Lithium hydride (LiH) has been identfied as the best candidate for use in power system sink-side thermal energy storage applications due to its superior heat storage properties and suitable melt temperature (T/sub m/ = 962K). To maximize storage density, both sensible and latent modes of heat storage are used. This paper focuses on the use of encapsulated lithium hydride shapes in a packed bed storage unit with lithium or NaK as the heat transport fluid. Analytical and experimental development work associated with the concept is described. Since the program is in its early stages, emphasis thus far has been on feasibility issues associated with encapsulating lithium hydride spheres. These issues include shell stress induced by phase-change during heating, hydrogen diffusion through the encapsulating shell, heat transfer limitations due to poor conductivity of the salt, void behavior, and material constraints. The impact of these issues on the design of encapsulated lithium hydride spheres has been evaluated, and design alternatives have been identified for circumventing key problem areas.

Foote, J.P.; Morris, D.G.; Olszewski, M.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Demand Side Energy Saving though Proper Construction Practices and Materials Selection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy consumed during the construction of buildings and structures, including the embodied energy of the concrete and other construction materials, represent a considerable percentage that may reach 40% of the total energy consumed during the whole service life of the structure. Reducing energy consumed in the construction practices along with reducing the embodied energy of concrete and building materials, therefore, are of major importance. Reducing concrete's embodied energy represents one of the major green features of buildings and an important tool to improve sustainability, save resources for coming generations and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. In this paper, different methods to reduce concrete's embodied energy are discussed and their effect on demand side energy are assessed. Using local materials, pozzolanic blended cements, fillers, along with specifying 56 days strength in design are discussed and assessed. Proper mix design, quality control and proper architectural design also affect and reduce embodied energy. Improving durability, regular maintenance and scheduled repair are essential to increase the expected service life of buildings and hence reduce overall resources consumption and reduce energy. These effects are discussed and quantified. Construction practices also consume considerable amount of energy. The effect of transporting, conveying, pouring, finishing and curing concrete on energy consumption are also discussed.

El-Hawary, M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

CHEMICAL STABILITY OF POLYPHENYLENE SULFIDE IN THE NEXT GENERATION SOLVENT FOR CAUSTIC-SIDE SOLVENT EXTRACTION  

SciTech Connect

The Office of Waste Processing, within the Office of Technology Innovation and Development, is funding the development of an enhanced solvent for deployment at the Savannah River Site for removal of cesium from High Level Waste. For simplicity, this solvent is referred to as the Next Generation Solvent (NGS). The technical effort is collaboration between Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL), and Argonne National Laboratory. The initial deployment target envisioned for the technology was within the Modular Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction Unit (MCU). Deployment of a new chemical within an existing facility requires verification that the chemical components are compatible with the installed equipment. In the instance of a new organic solvent, the primary focus is on compatibility of the solvent with polyphenylene sulfide (PPS), the polymer used in the coalescers within MCU. This report provides the data from exposing PPS polymer to NGS. The test was conducted over a three month period. PPS is remarkably stable in the presence of the next generation solvent. Testing showed no indication of swelling or significant leaching. Preferential sorption of the Modifier on PPS was observed but the same behavior occurs with the baseline solvent. Therefore, PPS coalescers exposed to the NGS are expected to perform comparably to those in contact with the baseline solvent.

Fondeur, F.; Fink, S.

2011-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

308

Two-sided Green function estimates for killed subordinate Brownian motions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A subordinate Brownian motion is a L\\'evy process which can obtained by replacing the time of Brownian motion by an independent increasing L\\'evy process. The infinitesimal generator of a subordinate Brownian motion is $-\\phi(-\\Delta)$, where $\\phi$ is the Laplace exponent of the subordinator. In this paper, we consider a large class of subordinate Brownian motions without diffusion term. This class of processes include symmetric stable processes, relativistic stable processes, sums of independent symmetric stable processes, sums of independent relativistic stable processes, and much more. We give sharp two-sided estimates on the Green functions of these subordinate Brownian motions in any bounded $\\kappa$-fat open set $D$. When $D$ is a bounded $C^{1,1}$ open set, we establish an explicit form of the estimates in terms of the distance to the boundary. As a consequence of such sharp Green function estimates, we obtain the boundary Harnack principle in $C^{1,1}$ open set with explicit decay rate.

Kim, Panki; Vondracek, Zoran

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Anthropometry for WorldSID, a World-Harmonized Midsize Male Side Impact Crash Dummy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The WorldSID project is a global effort to design a new generation side impact crash test dummy under the direction of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). The first WorldSID crash dummy will represent a world-harmonized mid-size adult male. This paper discusses the research and rationale undertaken to define the anthropometry of a world standard midsize male in the typical automotive seated posture. Various anthropometry databases are compared region by region and in terms of the key dimensions needed for crash dummy design. The Anthropometry for Motor Vehicle Occupants (AMVO) dataset, as established by the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute (UMTRI), is selected as the basis for the WorldSID mid-size male, updated to include revisions to the pelvis bone location. The proposed mass of the dummy is 77.3kg with full arms. The rationale for the selected mass is discussed. The joint location and surface landmark database is appended to this paper.

S. Moss; Z. Wang; M. Salloum; M. Reed; M. Van Ratingen; D. Cesari; R. Scherer; T. Uchimura; M. Beusenberg

2000-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

310

The past, present, and future of U.S. utility demand-side management programs  

SciTech Connect

Demand-side management or DSM refers to active efforts by electric and gas utilities to modify customers` energy use patterns. The experience in the US shows that utilities, when provided with appropriate incentives, can provide a powerful stimulus to energy efficiency in the private sector. This paper describes the range and history of DSM programs offered by US electric utilities, with a focus on the political, economic, and regulatory events that have shaped their evolution. It also describes the changes these programs are undergoing as a result of US electricity industry restructuring. DSM programs began modestly in the 1970s in response to growing concerns about dependence on foreign sources of oil and environmental consequences of electricity generation, especially nuclear power. The foundation for the unique US partnership between government and utility interests can be traced first to the private-ownership structure of the vertically integrated electricity industry and second to the monopoly franchise granted by state regulators. Electricity industry restructuring calls into question both of these basic conditions, and thus the future of utility DSM programs for the public interest. Future policies guiding ratepayer-funded energy-efficiency DSM programs will need to pay close attention to the specific market objectives of the programs and to the balance between public and private interests.

Eto, J. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Environmental Energy Technologies Div.

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Industrial demand-side management programs: What`s happened, what works, what`s needed  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to analyze experience to date with industrial demand-side management (DSM), a survey of utilities was conducted and a database of industrial DSM programs was prepared. More than eighty utilities and third-party organizations were interviewed. Data were collected via phone, fax, and/or mail from the utilities and entered into a database. In order to limit the scope of this study, the database contains incentive-based, energy-saving programs and not load management or information-only programs (including technical assistance programs). Programs in the database were divided into four categories: two ``prescriptive rebate`` categories and two ``custom rebate`` categories. The database contains 31 incentive-based, energy-saving industrial DSM programs offered by 17 utilities. The appendix to this report summarizes the results approximately 60 industrial DSM programs. Most of the programs included in the appendix, but not in the database, are either C&I programs for which commercial and industrial data were not disaggregated or new industrial DSM programs for which data are not yet available.

Jordan, J.A.; Nadel, S.M. [American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, Washington, DC (United States)

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Long-range angular correlations on the near and away side in p-Pb collisions at sqrt(sNN) = 5.02 TeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Angular correlations between charged trigger and associated particles are measured by the ALICE detector in p-Pb collisions at a nucleon-nucleon centre-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV for transverse momentum ranges within 0.5 event multiplicity, and expressed as associated yield per trigger particle. Two long-range ridge-like structures, one on the near side and one on the away side, are observed when the per-trigger yield obtained in low-multiplicity events is subtracted from the one in high-multiplicity events. The excess on the near-side is qualitatively similar to that recently reported by the CMS collaboration, while the excess on the away-side is reported for the first time. The two-ridge structure projected onto azimuthal angle is quantified with the second and third Fourier coefficients as well as by near-side and away-side yields and widths. The yields on the near side and on the away side are equal within the uncertainties for all studied event multiplicity and pT bins, and the widths show no significant evolution with event multiplicity or pT. These findings suggest that the near-side ridge is accompanied by an essentially identical away-side ridge.

ALICE Collaboration

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

313

Experimental study of the air side performance of louver and wave fin-and-tube coils  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The present paper reports results from an investigation of the air side thermal performance of fin-and-tube coils with herringbone-wavy and convex-louver fins. The tube diameter of the tested coils was 12.7mm. Coils with different fin pitch and tube rows have been tested in order to determine their effect over the thermal performance. In addition, the performance of the convex-louver fins has been evaluated with respect to that of the wavy fins according to the Webb VG1 procedure. The collar diameter Reynolds number covered in the tests varied from 1000 to 6000, corresponding to face velocities of 1-6m/s. It has been found that the fin pitch affects lightly the heat transfer coefficient, its value being incremented of the order of 10% by reducing the fin pitch from 3.17mm to 1.81mm. Opposite trends have been found for the friction factor of wavy and louver fins regarding the effect of the fin pitch. The thermal performance is not affected by the number of tube rows in either of the fin configurations in coils for more than two rows. One and two row coils present non-negligible differences either with respect to the Colburn or friction factors. It has been found that area reductions in louver with respect to wavy fins can attain values of the order of 30% for Reynolds number of the order of 1000 and fin pitch of 3.17mm. (author)

Saiz Jabardo, J.M.; Salamanca, A. [Escuela Politecnica Superior, Universidad de la Coruna, Mendizabal s/n Esteiro, 15403 Ferrol, Coruna (Spain); Bastos Zoghbi Filho, J.R. [Departamento de Engenharia Mecanica, EESC, University of Sao Paulo, Av. Trabalhador Saocarlense 400 Centro, 13566-590 Sao Carlos, SP (Brazil)

2006-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

314

Guidebook for Farmstead Demand-Side Management (DSM) program design. [Final report  

SciTech Connect

The acceptance and growth of Demand-Side Management (DSM) continues to increase in the US. According to latest estimates, total expenditures on electric utility DSM programs now exceed $1.2 billion annually, with these investments ranging from 1 to 5 percent of a utility`s gross revenues. In addition, due to increasing environmental concerns and the high cost of new capacity, these expenditure levels are expected to increase. While the vast majority of these DSM programs are directed at the more traditional residential, commercial and industrial market sectors, significant opportunities still exist. One market segment that has not been the focus of attention but a critical sector from an economic development perspective for marry utilities -- is the agricultural and farmstead market. Although the total number of farms in the United States decreased by approximately 5 percent between 1985 and 1989, the land dedicated to farming still accounts for over 995 million acres. Furthermore, the total value of farm output in the United States has been steadily increasing since 1986. The limited penetration of energy efficiency measures in farmsteads provides an excellent opportunity for utilities to expand their DSM programming efforts to capture this ``non-traditional`` market segment, and at the same time assist farms in increasing their efficiency and competitiveness. In marry states, and, in particular New York State, agriculture plays a major economic role. The importance of farms not only from a utility perspective but also from a state and federal perspective cannot be overstated. As such, utilities are in a unique position to facilitate farmstead DSM technology investments in an effort to benefit the farmer (and his profitability), the utility, the state and the country. This guidebook is designed to provide the framework for agricultural demand planning, including market assessment, technology assessment, market penetration analysis and program design.

Rose, M.; Camera, R.K.

1992-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

315

Lessons learned in implementing a demand side management contract at the Presidio of San Francisco  

SciTech Connect

The National Park Service (NSP) recently completed the implementation phase of its Power Saving Partners (PSP) Demand Side Management (DSM) contract with the local utility, Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E). Through the DSM contract, NPS will receive approximately $4.1 million over eight years in payment for saving 61 kW of electrical demand, 179,000 km of electricity per year, and 1.1 million therms of natural gas per year. These payments are for two projects: the installation of high-efficiency lighting systems at the Thoreau Center for Sustainability and the replacement of an old central boiler plant with new, distributed boilers. Although these savings and payments are substantial, the electrical savings and contract payments fall well short of the projected 1,700 kW of electrical demand, 8 million kwh of annual electricity savings, and $11 million in payments, anticipated at the project's onset. Natural gas savings exceeded the initial forecast of 800,000 therms per year. The DSM contract payments did not meet expectations for a variety of reasons which fall into two broad categories: first, many anticipated projects were not constructed, and second, some of the projects that were constructed were not included in the program because the cost of implementing the DSM program's measurement and verification (M&V) requirements outweighed anticipated payments. This paper discusses the projects implemented, and examines the decisions made to withdraw some of them from the DSM contract. It also presents the savings that were realized and documented through M&V efforts. Finally, it makes suggestions relative to M&V protocols to encourage all efficiency measures, not just those that are easy to measure.

Sartor, D.; Munn, M.

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

The flip-side of galaxy formation: A combined model of Galaxy Formation and Cluster Heating  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Only ~10% of baryons in the universe are in the form of stars, yet most models of luminous structure formation have concentrated on the properties of the luminous stellar matter. In this paper we focus on the "flip side" of galaxy formation and investigate the properties of the material that is not presently locked up in galaxies. This "by-product" of galaxy formation can be observed as an X-ray emitting plasma (the intracluster medium, hereafter ICM) in groups and clusters, and we present a version of the Durham semi-analytic galaxy formation model GALFORM that allows us to investigate the properties of the ICM. As we would expect on the basis of gravitational scaling arguments, the previous model (presented in Bower et al. 2006) fails to reproduce even the most basic observed properties of the ICM; however, we present a simple modification to the model to allow for heat input into the ICM from the AGN "radio mode" feedback. This heating acts to expel gas from the X-ray luminous central regions of the host halo. With this modification, the model reproduces the observed gas mass fractions and luminosity-temperature relation of groups and clusters. Introducing the heating process into the model requires changes to a number of model parameters in order to retain a good match to the observed galaxy properties. With the revised parameters, the best fitting luminosity function is comparable to that presented in Bower et al. (2006). The new model makes a fundamental step forward, providing a unified model of galaxy and cluster ICM formation. However, the detailed comparison with the data is not completely satisfactory, and we highlight key areas for improvement.

Richard G. Bower; Ian G. McCarthy; Andrew J. Benson

2008-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

317

The Impact of Trade Wind Strength on Precipitation over the Windward Side of the Island of Hawaii  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of trade wind strength and the diurnal heating cycle on the production of summer trade wind rainfall on the windward side of the island of Hawaii are examined from the data collected from the Hawaiian Rainband Project (HaRP) during 11 ...

Mary Ann Esteban; Yi-Leng Chen

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Diffusion of Innovation in Two-Sided Markets Ka Hung Hui, Vijay Subramanian, Dongning Guo and Randall Berry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Diffusion of innovation can also be applied to public policy. As another example, electric cars have been choose to buy either electric cars or conventional gasoline cars, and gas stations may invest in electric to bring both sides of the market to adopt electric cars. More examples can be found in [1], [2]. Diffusion

Kuzmanovic, Aleksandar

319

BWRVIP-200: BWR Vessel and Internals Project, Implementation Plan for Two-sided Inspection of BWR Shroud Welds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Boiling Water Reactor Vessel and Internals Project (BWRVIP) formed in June 1994 and is an association of utilities focused exclusively on BWR vessel and internals issues. This BWRVIP report provides the technical basis for implementing two-sided inspections of BWR shrouds to satisfy the ultrasonic testing (UT) inspection requirements contained in BWRVIP-03 and BWRVIP-76.

2008-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

320

Tuning the electronic coupling in a low-bandgap donor-acceptor copolymer via the placement of side-chains  

SciTech Connect

We present a spectroscopic and theoretical investigation of the effect of the presence and position of hexyl side-chains in the novel low-bandgap alternating donor-acceptor copolymer poly[bis-N,N-(4-octylphenyl)-bis-N,N-phenyl-1, 4-phenylenediamine-alt-5,5'-4',7',-di-2-thienyl-2',1',3'-benzothiadiazole] (T8TBT). We use electronic absorption and Raman spectroscopic measurements supported by calculations of chain conformation, electronic transitions, and Raman modes. Using these tools, we find that sterically demanding side-chain configurations induce twisting in the electronic acceptor unit and reduce the electronic interaction with the donor. This leads to a blue-shifted and weakened (partial) charge-transfer absorption band together with a higher photoluminescence efficiency. On the other hand, sterically relaxed side-chain configurations promote coupling between donor and acceptor units and exhibit enhanced absorption at the expense of luminescence efficiency. The possibility of tuning the donor-acceptor character of conjugated polymers by varying the placement of side-chains has very important ramifications for light emitting diode, Laser, display, and photovoltaic device optimization.

Oberhumer, Philipp M.; Huang, Ya-Shih; Massip, Sylvain; Albert-Seifried, Sebastian; Greenham, Neil C.; Hodgkiss, Justin M.; Friend, Richard H. [Cavendish Laboratory, J J Thomson Avenue, Cambridge CB3 0HE (United Kingdom); James, David T.; Kim, Ji-Seon [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Tu Guoli; Huck, Wilhelm T. S. [Melville Laboratory for Polymer Synthesis, Department of Chemistry, University of Cambridge, Lensfield Road, Cambridge CB2 1EW (United Kingdom); Beljonne, David; Cornil, Jerome [Laboratory for Chemistry of Novel Materials, University of Mons, Place du Parc, 20, 7000 Mons (Belgium)

2011-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

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321

STEAM-SIDE OXIDE SCALE EXFOLIATION BEHAVIOR IN SUPERHEATERS AND REHEATERS  

SciTech Connect

Advances in materials for power plants include not only new materials with higher-temperature capabilities, but also the use of current materials at increasingly higher temperatures. This latter activity builds on extensive experience of the performance of the various alloys, and provides a basis for identifying changes in alloy behavior with increasing temperature as well as understanding the factors that ultimately determine the maximum use temperatures of the different alloy classes. This paper presents results from an effort to model the exfoliation processes of steam-side oxide scales in a manner that describes as accurately as possible the evolution of strains in oxides growing inside small-diameter tubes subjected to large thermal gradients and to thermal transients typical of normal steam boiler operation. One way of portraying the results of such calculations is by plotting the evolving strains in a given oxide scale on an Exfoliation Diagram (of the type pioneered by Manning et al. of the British Central Electricity Research Laboratory) to determine the earliest time at which the trajectory of these strains intersects a criterion for scale failure. Understanding of how such strain trajectories differ among different alloys and are affected by the major variables associated with boiler operation has the potential to suggest boiler operating strategies to manage scale exfoliation, as well as to highlight the mode of scale failure and the limitations of each alloy. Preliminary results are presented of the strain trajectories calculated for alloys T22, T91, and TP347 subjected to the conditions experienced by superheaters under assumed boiler operating scenarios. For all three alloys the earliest predicted scale failures were associated with the increased strains developed during a boiler shut-down event; indeed, in the cases considered it appeared unlikely that scale failure would occur in any practically meaningful time due to strains accumulated during operation in a load-following mode in the absence of a shut down. The accuracy of the algorithms used for the kinetics of oxide growth appeared to be a very important consideration, especially for alloy TP347 for which large effects on oxide growth rate are known to occur with changes in alloy grain size and surface cold work.

Sabau, Adrian S [ORNL; Shingledecker, John P. [Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI); Wright, Ian G [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Image-Guided Radiotherapy for Left-Sided Breast Cancer Patients: Geometrical Uncertainty of the Heart  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To quantify the geometrical uncertainties for the heart during radiotherapy treatment of left-sided breast cancer patients and to determine and validate planning organ at risk volume (PRV) margins. Methods and Materials: Twenty-two patients treated in supine position in 28 fractions with regularly acquired cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans for offline setup correction were included. Retrospectively, the CBCT scans were reconstructed into 10-phase respiration correlated four-dimensional scans. The heart was registered in each breathing phase to the planning CT scan to establish the respiratory heart motion during the CBCT scan ({sigma}{sub resp}). The average of the respiratory motion was calculated as the heart displacement error for a fraction. Subsequently, the systematic ({Sigma}), random ({sigma}), and total random ({sigma}{sub tot}={radical}({sigma}{sup 2}+{sigma}{sub resp}{sup 2})) errors of the heart position were calculated. Based on the errors a PRV margin for the heart was calculated to ensure that the maximum heart dose (D{sub max}) is not underestimated in at least 90% of the cases (M{sub heart} = 1.3{Sigma}-0.5{sigma}{sub tot}). All analysis were performed in left-right (LR), craniocaudal (CC), and anteroposterior (AP) directions with respect to both online and offline bony anatomy setup corrections. The PRV margin was validated by accumulating the dose to the heart based on the heart registrations and comparing the planned PRV D{sub max} to the accumulated heart D{sub max}. Results: For online setup correction, the cardiac geometrical uncertainties and PRV margins were N-Ary-Summation = 2.2/3.2/2.1 mm, {sigma} = 2.1/2.9/1.4 mm, and M{sub heart} = 1.6/2.3/1.3 mm for LR/CC/AP, respectively. For offline setup correction these were N-Ary-Summation = 2.4/3.7/2.2 mm, {sigma} = 2.9/4.1/2.7 mm, and M{sub heart} = 1.6/2.1/1.4 mm. Cardiac motion induced by breathing was {sigma}{sub resp} = 1.4/2.9/1.4 mm for LR/CC/AP. The PRV D{sub max} underestimated the accumulated heart D{sub max} for 9.1% patients using online and 13.6% patients using offline bony anatomy setup correction, which validated that PRV margin size was adequate. Conclusion: Considerable cardiac position variability relative to the bony anatomy was observed in breast cancer patients. A PRV margin can be used during treatment planning to take these uncertainties into account.

Topolnjak, Rajko; Borst, Gerben R.; Nijkamp, Jasper [Radiotherapy Department, Netherlands Cancer Institute/Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Huis, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Sonke, Jan-Jakob, E-mail: j.sonke@nki.nl [Radiotherapy Department, Netherlands Cancer Institute/Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Huis, Amsterdam (Netherlands)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

323

LIFE EXTENSION PROGRAM FOR THE MODULAR CAUSTIC SIDE SOLVENT EXTRACTION UNIT AT SAVANNAH RIVER SITE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Caustic Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX) is currently used at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Savannah River Site (SRS) for removal of cesium from the high-level salt-wastes stored in underground tanks. At SRS, the CSSX process is deployed in the Modular CSSX Unit (MCU). The CSSX technology utilizes a multi-component organic solvent and annular centrifugal contactors to extract cesium from alkaline salt waste. Coalescers and decanters process the Decontaminated Salt Solution (DSS) and Strip Effluent (SE) streams to allow recovery and reuse of the organic solvent and to limit the quantity of solvent transferred to the downstream facilities. MCU is operated in series with the Actinide Removal Process (ARP) which removes strontium and actinides from salt waste utilizing monosodium titanate. ARP and MCU were developed and implemented as interim salt processing until future processing technology, the CSSX-based Salt Waste Processing Facility (SWPF), is operational. SWPF is slated to come on-line in October 2014. The three year design life of the ARP/MCU process, however, was reached in April 2011. Nevertheless, most of the individual process components are capable of operating longer. An evaluation determined ARP/MCU can operate until 2015 before major equipment failure is expected. The three year design life of the ARP/MCU Life Extension (ARP/MCU LE) program will bridge the gap between current ARP/MCU operations and the start of SWPF operation. The ARP/MCU LE program introduces no new technologies. As a portion of this program, a Next Generation Solvent (NGS) and corresponding flowsheet are being developed to provide a major performance enhancement at MCU. This paper discusses all the modifications performed in the facility to support the ARP/MCU Life Extension. It will also discuss the next generation chemistry, including NGS and new stripping chemistry, which will increase cesium removal efficiency in MCU. Possible implementation of the NGS chemistry in MCU accomplishes two objectives. MCU serves as a demonstration facility for improved flowsheet deployment at SWPF; operating with NGS and boric acid validates improved cesium removal performance and increased throughput as well as confirms Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) ability to vitrify waste streams containing boron. NGS implementation at MCU also aids the ARP/MCU LE operation, mitigating the impacts of delays and sustaining operations until other technology is able to come on-line.

Samadi-Dezfouli, A.

2012-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

324

Caustic-Side Solvent-Extraction Modeling for Hanford Interim Pretreatment System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this work is to examine the applicability of the Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX) process for the removal of cesium from Hanford tank-waste supernatant solutions in support of the Hanford Interim Pretreatment System (IPS). The Hanford waste types are more challenging than those at the Savannah River Site (SRS) in that they contain significantly higher levels of potassium, the chief competing ion in the extraction of cesium. It was confirmed by use of the CSSX model that the higher levels of potassium depress the cesium distribution ratio (DCs), as validated by measurement of DCs values for four of eight specified Hanford waste-simulant compositions. The model predictions were good to an apparent standard error of ±11%. It is concluded from batch distribution experiments, physical-property measurements, equilibrium modeling, flowsheet calculations, and contactor sizing that the CSSX process as currently employed for cesium removal from alkaline salt waste at the SRS is capable of treating similar Hanford tank feeds. For the most challenging waste composition, 41 stages would be required to provide a cesium decontamination factor (DF) of 5000 and a concentration factor (CF) of 5. Commercial contacting equipment with rotor diameters of 10 in. for extraction and 5 in. for stripping should have the capacity to meet throughput requirements, but testing will be required to confirm that the needed efficiency and hydraulic performance are actually obtainable. Markedly improved flowsheet performance was calculated for a new solvent formulation employing the more soluble cesium extractant BEHBCalixC6 used with alternative scrub and strip solutions, respectively 0.1 M NaOH and 10 mM boric acid. The improved system can meet minimum requirements (DF = 5000 and CF = 5) with 17 stages or more ambitious goals (DF = 40,000 and CF = 15) with 19 stages. Potential benefits of further research and development are identified that would lead to reduced costs, greater adaptability of the process to DOE alkaline salt wastes, and greater readiness for implementation. Such benefits accrue from optimal sizing of centrifugal contactors for application of the CSSX process for the IPS; more accurate modeling of cesium extraction with greater flexibility and applicability to a variety of feeds and flowsheet conditions; and further improving and optimizing the alternative CSSX solvent and scrub/strip system.

Moyer, B.A.; Birdwell, J.F.; Delmau, L. H.; McFarlane, J.

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Comparison on control strategies of the grid-side converter of variable speed constant frequency doubly-fed wind power generation system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Direct power control, vector control based on d-q synchronous rotating reference frame and ?-? static reference frame for the grid-side converter of variable speed constant frequency doubly-fed wind turbines are analyzed. System simulation ... Keywords: ?-? static reference frame, d-q rotating reference frame, direct power control, doubly-fed wind power generation system, grid-side converter

Xian-Ming Zhou; Ting-Long Pan; Zhi-Cheng Ji

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

An Integrated Power Pack of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell and Li Battery Based on Double-Sided TiO2 Nanotube Arrays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Integrated Power Pack of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell and Li Battery Based on Double-Sided TiO2 harvest and storage processes. This power pack incorporates a series-wound dye- sensitized solar cell material.11,15 Compared with other integrated solar power supplies,16,17 double-sided TiO2 NTs with large

Wang, Zhong L.

327

Electric Vehicles: Compare Side-by-Side  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cars Station Wagons SUVs & Vans Fuel Economy Specs Personalize 2013 Smart fortwo Electric Drive Convertible 2013 Smart fortwo Electric Drive Coupe Electric Vehicle 2013 Smart...

328

Why the xE distribution triggered by a leading particle does not measure the fragmentation function but does measure the ratio of the transverse momenta of the away-side jet to the trigger-side jet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hard-scattering of point-like constituents (or partons) in p-p collisions was discovered at the CERN-ISR in 1972 by measurements utilizing inclusive single or pairs of hadrons with large transverse momentum ($p_T$). It was generally assumed, following Feynman, Field and Fox, as shown by data from the CERN-ISR experiments, that the $p_{T_a}$ distribution of away side hadrons from a single particle trigger [with $p_{T_t}$], corrected for of fragmentation would be the same as that from a jet-trigger and follow the same fragmentation function as observed in $e^+ e^-$ or DIS. PHENIX attempted to measure the fragmentation function from the away side $x_E\\sim p_{T_a}/p_{T_t}$ distribution of charged particles triggered by a $\\pi^0$ in p-p collisions at RHIC and showed by explicit calculation that the $x_E$ distribution is actually quite insensitive to the fragmentation function. Illustrations of the original arguments and ISR results will be presented. Then the lack of sensitivity to the fragmentation function will be explained, and an analytic formula for the $x_E$ distribution given, in terms of incomplete Gamma functions, for the case where the fragmentation function is exponential. The away-side distribution in this formulation has the nice property that it both exhibits $x_E$ scaling and is directly sensitive to the ratio of the away jet $\\hat{p}_{T_a}$ to that of the trigger jet, $\\hat{p}_{T_t}$, and thus can be used, for example, to measure the relative energy loss of the two jets from a hard-scattering which escape from the medium in A+A collisions. Comparisons of the analytical formula to RHIC measurements will be presented, including data from STAR and PHENIX, leading to some interesting conclusions.

M. J. Tannenbaum

2007-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

329

Methods and sorbents for utilizing a hot-side electrostatic precipitator for removal of mercury from combustion gases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Methods are provided for reducing emission of mercury from a gas stream by treating the gas with carbonaceous mercury sorbent particles to reduce the mercury content of the gas; collecting the carbonaceous mercury sorbent particles on collection plates of a hot-side ESP; periodically rapping the collection plates to release a substantial portion of the collected carbonaceous mercury sorbent particles into hoppers; and periodically emptying the hoppers, wherein such rapping and emptying are done at rates such that less than 70% of mercury adsorbed onto the mercury sorbent desorbs from the collected mercury sorbent into the gas stream.

Nelson, Sidney (Hudson, OH)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

330

MEASUREMENT OF ENTRAINED ORGANIC DROPLET SIZES AND TOTAL CONCENTRATION FOR AQUEOUS STREAMS FROM THE CAUSTIC-SIDE SOLVENT EXTRACTION PROCESS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Modular Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction Unit (MCU) and the Salt Waste Processing Facility will remove radioactive cesium from Savannah River Site supernate wastes using an organic solvent system. Both designs include decanters and coalescers to reduce carryover of organic solvent droplets. Savannah River National Laboratory personnel conducted experimental demonstrations using a series of four 2-cm centrifugal contactors. They also examined organic carryover during operation of a CINC (Costner Industries Nevada Corporation) V-5 contactor under prototypical conditions covering the range of expected MCU operation. This report details the findings from those studies and the implications on design for the MCU.

Nash, C; Samuel Fink, S; Michael Restivo, M; Dan Burns, D; Wallace Smith, W; S Crump, S; Zane Nelson, Z; Thomas Peters, T; Fernando Fondeur, F; Michael Norato, M

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Shelter Island, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

681549°, -72.3386939° 681549°, -72.3386939° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.0681549,"lon":-72.3386939,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

332

Shelter Island Heights, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Heights, New York: Energy Resources Heights, New York: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 41.0839883°, -72.3559166° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.0839883,"lon":-72.3559166,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

333

Modeling shelter-in-place including sorption on indoor surfaces  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

response option, especially in situations when evacuation is infeasible. Reasonably tight building envelopes provide protection against exposure to peak concentrations when...

334

Oblique, Stratified Winds about a Shelter Fence. Part I: Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wind statistics were measured using cup and sonic anemometers, placed upwind and downwind from a porous plastic windbreak fence (height h = 1.25 m, length Y = 114 m, resistance coefficient kr0 = 2.4, and porosity p = 0.45) standing on otherwise ...

John D. Wilson

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Taking Shelter: Estimating the Safety Benefits of Tornado Safe Rooms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the past several decades, engineers have made significant progress in the design and construction of structures able to withstand tornadic winds and debris. The aftermath of the 3 May 1999 F5 tornado in Moore, Oklahoma, highlighted the ...

David Merrell; Kevin M. Simmons; Daniel Sutter

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Analysis of the Window Side Thermal Environment Formed by Air Barrier Technique in Winter Conditions and Its Economy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The air barrier technique applies airflow through a window fan to decrease the heat load of a window surface and avoid dewfall in winter and decrease heat radiation from the window surface in summer. This paper uses numerical simulation to predict the energy-saving potential and thermal comfort of the air barrier technique used in office buildings. It also analyzes the surface temperature of the window by using the simulation software Airpak. According to the results, we can obtain the key control strategy of this technology. It can be found that the air barrier technique, instead of the heating-supply around outside-zone for office building, can avoid dewfall in winter and decrease the cold radiation, which has a great effect on thermal environment around the window. Characteristics such as outer air temperature, indoor load, thermal characteristics of structure, and air-supply parameters through window fans are analyzed in detail to measure their effects on energy consumption, window side environment and PMV values. The paper provides theoretical reference and technical guidance for applying air barrier technology correctly, improving the window side environment and reducing energy consumption.

Huang, C.; Jia, Y.; Liu, L.; Wang, X.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Impact of the Demand-Side Management (DSM) Program structure on the cost-effectiveness of energy efficiency projects  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) analyzed the cost-effective energy efficiency potential of Fort Drum, a customer of the Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation (NMPC) in Watertown, New York. Significant cost-effective investments were identified, even without any demand-side management (DSM) incentives from NMPC. Three NMPC DSM programs were then examined to determine the impact of participation on the cost-effective efficiency potential at the Fort. The following three utility programs were analyzed: (1) utility rebates to be paid back through surcharges, (2) a demand reduction program offered in conjunction with an energy services company, and (3) utility financing. Ultimately, utility rebates and financing were found to be the best programs for the Fort. This paper examines the influence that specific characteristics of the DSM programs had on the decision-making process of one customer. Fort Drum represents a significant demand-side resource, whose decisions regarding energy efficiency investments are based on life-cycle cost analysis subject to stringent capital constraints. The structures of the DSM programs offered by NMPC affect the cost-effectiveness of potential efficiency investments and the ability of the Fort to obtain sufficient capital to implement the projects. This paper compares the magnitude of the cost-effective resource available under each program, and the resulting level of energy and demand savings. The results of this analysis can be used to examine how DSM program structures impact the decision-making process of federal and large commercial customers.

Stucky, D.J.; Shankle, S.A.; Dixon, D.R.; Elliott, D.B.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Effects of synoptic-scale control on long-term declining trends of summer fog frequency over the Pacific side of Hokkaido Island  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, long-term visibility data for the Pacific side of Hokkaido Island, northeast Japan, are investigated to clarify the relationship between interannual variation in summer fog frequency (FF) and large-scale circulation patterns. At ...

Shiori Sugimoto; Tomonori Sato; Kazuki Nakamura

339

Sol-Clad-Siding and Trans-Lucent-Insulation : curtain wall components for conserving dwelling heat by passive-solar means  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A prototype for a dwelling heat loss compensator is introduced in this thesis, along with its measured thermal performance and suggestions for its future development. As a heat loss compensator, the Sol-Clad-Siding collects, ...

Iliesiu, Doru

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

FULL-SCALE TESTING OF A CAUSTIC SIDE SOLVENT EXTRACTION SYSTEM TO REMOVE CESIUM FROM SAVANNAH RIVER SITE RADIOACTIVE WASTE  

SciTech Connect

Savannah River Site (SRS) personnel have completed construction and assembly of the Modular Caustic Side Solvent Extraction Unit (MCU) facility. Following assembly, they conducted testing to evaluate the ability of the process to remove non-radioactive cesium and to separate the aqueous and organic phases. They conducted tests at salt solution flow rates of 3.5, 6.0, and 8.5 gpm. During testing, the MCU Facility collected samples and submitted them to Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) personnel for analysis of cesium, Isopar{reg_sign} L, and Modifier [1-(2,2,3,3-tetrafluoropropoxy)-3-(4-sec-butylphenoxy)-2-propanol]. SRNL personnel analyzed the aqueous samples for cesium by Inductively-Coupled Plasma Mass Spectroscopy (ICP-MS) and the solvent samples for cesium using a Parr Bomb Digestion followed by ICP-MS. They analyzed aqueous samples for Isopar{reg_sign} L and Modifier by gas chromatography (GC).

Poirier, M; Thomas Peters, T; Earl Brass, E; Stanley Brown, S; Mark Geeting, M; Lcurtis Johnson, L; Charles02 Coleman, C; S Crump, S; Mark Barnes, M; Samuel Fink, S

2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Lessons learned from new construction utility demand side management programs and their implications for implementing building energy codes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report was prepared for the US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Codes and Standards by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) through its Building Energy Standards Program (BESP). The purpose of this task was to identify demand-side management (DSM) strategies for new construction that utilities have adopted or developed to promote energy-efficient design and construction. PNL conducted a survey of utilities and used the information gathered to extrapolate lessons learned and to identify evolving trends in utility new-construction DSM programs. The ultimate goal of the task is to identify opportunities where states might work collaboratively with utilities to promote the adoption, implementation, and enforcement of energy-efficient building energy codes.

Wise, B.K.; Hughes, K.R.; Danko, S.L.; Gilbride, T.L.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Side 1 - 2006  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Walk for Beauty...began in 1994 as a Walk for Beauty...began in 1994 as a community effort to raise awareness about breast cancer and to establish a boutique for people with cancer. The Unique Boutique, a collection of shopkeepers in Stony Brook Village Center, provides products and services for patients with cancer. The Walk for Beauty Fund enables patients with cancer to purchase wigs, prostheses and other special products through the Unique Boutique. Since 1996, the Walk for Beauty has supported breast cancer research at Stony Brook University (SBU). In 2002, the Walk broadened its scope to include prostate cancer. Proceeds from the 2006 Walk for Beauty will support breast and prostate cancer research at Stony Brook University. How It Works Walkers collect donations from family, friends and

343

Side 1 - 2005  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Walk for Beauty Walk for Beauty is open to everyone. Walk alone or form a team of family, friends and co-workers. Walk together to join the fight against breast and prostate cancer. Men, women and children of all ages are welcome. Survivors Cancer survivors are invited to pick up a special survivor's hat at the "Survivors'" table. Tribute Signs Pick up a tribute sign at the "Tribute" table on the day of the walk to wear in support or in memory of loved ones affected by cancer. Get the facts about cancer, call: Stony Brook University Hospital's CANCER HELPLINE 1.800.862.2215 American Legion Post 1880 Apple Bank for Savings April On The Green Bank of Smithtown Bryant Funeral Home Budget Print Center Calpine Corp. Carolyn D. Slawski, CPA Coca-Cola Cristie Lingerie

344

Synfuels' other side  

SciTech Connect

Development of a synthetic fuels industry will result in increased carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, acid rain, slag heaps, and huge construction complexes. The potential adverse environmental hazards associated with the Great Plains coal gasification complex in North Dakota are examined. Attention is given to the exposure of workers to toxic chemicals, dusts, vapors, and gases. The major environmental concerns related to oil shale, recovery of oil from underground shale deposits, coal gasification, and coal liquefaction are examined.

Reinhardt, W.G.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Tape 11, Side 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

      Suri  Kamara              270            323    1/2  29/12/61   Story  of  two  women       Suri  Kamara         323     270  10/1    1964  Jan  to  Feb      (not  in...

Finnegan, Ruth

346

Tape 10, Side 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

      Suri  Kamara              270            323    1/2  29/12/61   Story  of  two  women       Suri  Kamara         323     270  10/1    1964  Jan  to  Feb      (not  in...

Finnegan, Ruth

347

Tape 2, Side 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

      Suri  Kamara              270            323    1/2  29/12/61   Story  of  two  women       Suri  Kamara         323     270  10/1    1964  Jan  to  Feb      (not  in...

Finnegan, Ruth

348

Tape 11, Side 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

      Suri  Kamara              270            323    1/2  29/12/61   Story  of  two  women       Suri  Kamara         323     270  10/1    1964  Jan  to  Feb      (not  in...

Finnegan, Ruth

349

Tape 1, Side 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

      Suri  Kamara              270            323    1/2  29/12/61   Story  of  two  women       Suri  Kamara         323     270  10/1    1964  Jan  to  Feb      (not  in...

Finnegan, Ruth

350

Tape 2, Side 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

      Suri  Kamara              270            323    1/2  29/12/61   Story  of  two  women       Suri  Kamara         323     270  10/1    1964  Jan  to  Feb      (not  in...

Finnegan, Ruth

351

Tape 1, Side 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

      Suri  Kamara              270            323    1/2  29/12/61   Story  of  two  women       Suri  Kamara         323     270  10/1    1964  Jan  to  Feb      (not  in...

Finnegan, Ruth

352

Tape 7, Side 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

      Suri  Kamara              270            323    1/2  29/12/61   Story  of  two  women       Suri  Kamara         323     270  10/1    1964  Jan  to  Feb      (not  in...

Finnegan, Ruth

353

Tape 8, Side 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

      Suri  Kamara              270            323    1/2  29/12/61   Story  of  two  women       Suri  Kamara         323     270  10/1    1964  Jan  to  Feb      (not  in...

Finnegan, Ruth

354

Tape 8, Side 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

      Suri  Kamara              270            323    1/2  29/12/61   Story  of  two  women       Suri  Kamara         323     270  10/1    1964  Jan  to  Feb      (not  in...

Finnegan, Ruth

355

Tape 3, Side 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Limba stories and historical accounts; Limba music; Krio stories. As recorded in Limba country in northern Sierra Leone on a portable battery tape recorder (3 ¾ and 1 and 1 7/8 speed) by Ruth Finnegan during fieldwork and digitised in Cambridge...

Finnegan, Ruth

356

Tape 5, Side 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Limba stories and historical accounts; Limba music; Krio stories. As recorded in Limba country in northern Sierra Leone on a portable battery tape recorder (3 ¾ and 1 and 1 7/8 speed) by Ruth Finnegan during fieldwork and digitised in Cambridge...

Finnegan, Ruth

357

Tape 7, Side 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Limba stories and historical accounts; Limba music; Krio stories. As recorded in Limba country in northern Sierra Leone on a portable battery tape recorder (3 ¾ and 1 and 1 7/8 speed) by Ruth Finnegan during fieldwork and digitised in Cambridge...

Finnegan, Ruth

358

Tape 5, Side 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Limba stories and historical accounts; Limba music; Krio stories. As recorded in Limba country in northern Sierra Leone on a portable battery tape recorder (3 ¾ and 1 and 1 7/8 speed) by Ruth Finnegan during fieldwork and digitised in Cambridge...

Finnegan, Ruth

359

Tape 3, Side 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Limba stories and historical accounts; Limba music; Krio stories. As recorded in Limba country in northern Sierra Leone on a p0rtable battery tape recorder (3 ¾ and 1 and 1 7/8 speed) by Ruth Finnegan during fieldwork and digitised in Cambridge...

Finnegan, Ruth

360

Tape 10, Side 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Limba stories and historical accounts; Limba music; Krio stories. As recorded in Limba country in northern Sierra Leone on a portable battery tape recorder (3 ¾ and 1 and 1 7/8 speed) by Ruth Finnegan during fieldwork and digitised in Cambridge...

Finnegan, Ruth

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Tape 4, Side 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Limba stories and historical accounts; Limba music; Krio stories. As recorded in Limba country in northern Sierra Leone on a portable battery tape recorder (3 ¾ and 1 and 1 7/8 speed) by Ruth Finnegan during fieldwork and digitised in Cambridge...

Finnegan, Ruth

362

Tape 4, Side 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Limba stories and historical accounts; Limba music; Krio stories. As recorded in Limba country in northern Sierra Leone on a portable battery tape recorder (3 ¾ and 1 and 1 7/8 speed) by Ruth Finnegan during fieldwork and digitised in Cambridge...

Finnegan, Ruth

363

Tape 12, Side 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Limba stories and historical accounts; Limba music; Krio stories. As recorded in Limba country in northern Sierra Leone on a portable battery tape recorder (3 ¾ and 1 and 1 7/8 speed) by Ruth Finnegan during fieldwork and digitised in Cambridge...

Finnegan, Ruth

364

Tape 12, Side 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Limba stories and historical accounts; Limba music; Krio stories. As recorded in Limba country in northern Sierra Leone on a portable battery tape recorder (3 ¾ and 1 and 1 7/8 speed) by Ruth Finnegan during fieldwork and digitised in Cambridge...

Finnegan, Ruth

365

Effect of Front-Side Silver Metallization on Underlying n+-p Junction in Multicrystalline Silicon Solar Cells: Preprint  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report on the effect of front-side Ag metallization on the underlying n+-p junction of multicrystalline Si solar cells. The junction quality beneath the contacts was investigated by characterizing the uniformities of the electrostatic potential and doping concentration across the junction, using scanning Kelvin probe force microscopy and scanning capacitance microscopy. We investigated cells with a commercial Ag paste (DuPont PV159) and fired at furnace setting temperatures of 800 degrees, 840 degrees, and 930 degrees C, which results in actual cell temperatures ~100 degrees C lower than the setting temperature and the three cells being under-, optimal-, and over-fired. We found that the uniformity of the junction beneath the Ag contact was significantly degraded by the over-firing, whereas the junction retained good uniformity with the optimal- and under-fire temperatures. Further, Ag crystallites with widely distributed sizes from <100 nm to several ?m were found at the Ag/Si interface of the over-fired cell. Large crystallites were imaged as protrusions into Si deeper than the junction depth. However, the junction was not broken down; instead, it was reformed on the entire front of the crystallite/Si interface. We propose a mechanism of the junction-quality degradation, based on emitter Si melting at the temperature around the Ag-Si eutectic point during firing, and subsequent recrystallization with incorporation of impurities in the Ag paste and with formation of crystallographic defects during quenching.

Jiang, C. S.; Li, Z. G.; Moutinho, H. R.; Liang, L.; Ionkin, A.; Al-Jassim, M. M.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Evaluation of Orange and Rockland Utilities, Inc.`s competitive bidding program for demand-side resources. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The process evaluation reports on the implementation of Orange and Rockland Utilities demand-side bidding program in New York State during 1991 and 1992. The program is implemented by two energy service companies in Orange and rockland`s New York State service territory. The process evaluation methodology included interviews with utility staff (3), energy service company staff (2), and participating (6) and nonparticipating (7) utility customers. The two energy service companies had enrolled 14 customers in the program by summer 1992. One company had achieved 90% of their 2.75 MW bid and the other had achieved less than 90% of their 6.9 MW bid. Critical factors in success were determination of a reasonable bid amount for the market and marketing to the appropriate customers. Customers most interested in the program included those with limited access to capital and medium-sized firms with poor cash flows, particularly schools and hospitals. The findings also show that due to the incentive structure and associated need for substantial customer contributions, lighting measures dominate all installations. Customers, however, were interested in the potential savings and six of the nonparticipants chose to either install measures on their own or enroll in the utility`s rebate program.

Peters, J.S.; Stucky, L.; Seratt, P.; Darden-Butler, D. [Barakat and Chamberlin, Inc., Portland, OR (United States)

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

THE CHEMICAL AND RADIATION RESISTANCE OF POLYPHENYLENE SULFIIDE AS ENCOUNTERED IN THE MODULAR CAUSTIC SIDE SOLVENT EXTRACTION PROCESSES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Polyphenylene sulfide (PPS) is a semicrystalline polymer with excellent engineering plastic properties and suitable processing temperatures. PPS can also be made containing branches (using a trifunctional monomer) and with crosslinked microstructure (when curing the monomer at high temperature in the presence of oxygen). PPS is made from the condensation reaction between para-dichlorobenzene and sodium sulfide with the assistance of a catalyst (to lower the activation barrier). The synthesis conditions for making PPS has evolved since its invention in the 1960's to the optimal conditions developed by the Philips Corporation in the 1970's. The resulting polymer consists of chemically stable molecular moieties such as benzene rings and ether like sulfur linkages between the aromatic rings. Polyphenylene sulfide (PPS) is extremely resistant to gamma irradiation, caustic solution, and dilute nitric acid. PPS is the material of construction for the coalescers used in the Modular Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction Unit (MCU). After applying the equivalent of 3.3 E8 rad (330 Mrad), or the equivalent of 11 years of gamma irradiation (assuming a stripping solution concentration of 7.5 Ci/gal), and several months of exposures to 3M caustic solution and caustic salt simulant, no dimensional changes nor chemical changes were detected in PPS whether the PPS was in fiber form or in a composite with E-glass fibers. However, PPS acts as a media for heterogeneous nucleation. In particular, PPS appears to favor aluminosilicate formation in saturated solutions of aluminum and silicon in caustic environments. Parallel testing, in progress, is examining the stability of PPS when exposed to the new solvent formulation under development for MCU. Preliminary data, after two months of exposure, demonstrates PPS is stable to the new solvent.

Fondeur, F.; Herman, D.; Poirier, M.; Fink, S.

2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

368

Alkaline-Side Extraction of Cesium from Savannah River Tank Waste Using a Calixarene-Crown Ether Extractant  

SciTech Connect

Results are presented supporting the viability of the alkaline-side CSEX process as a potential replacement for the In-Tank Precipitation process for removal of cesium from aqueous high-level waste (HLW) at the Savannah River Site (SRS). Under funding from the USDOE Efficient Separations and Crosscutting program, a flowsheet was suggested in early June of 1998, and in the following four months, this flowsheet underwent extensive testing, both in batch tests at ORNL and ANL and in two centrifugal-contactor tests at ANL. To carry out these tests, the initial ESP funding was augmented by direct funds from Westinghouse Savannah River Corporation. The flowsheet employed a solvent containing a calixarene-crown hybrid compound called BoBCalixC6 that was invented at ORNL and can now be obtained commercially for government use from IBC Advanced Technologies. This special extractant is so powerful and selective that it can be used at only 0.01 M, compensating for its expense, but a modifier is required for use in an aliphatic diluent, primarily to increase the cesium distribution ratio D{sub Cs} in extraction. The modifier selected is a relatively economical fluorinated alcohol called Cs3, invented at ORNL and so far available. only from ORNL. For the flowsheet, the modifier is used at 0.2 M in the branched aliphatic kerosene Isopar{reg_sign} L. Testing at ORNL and ANL involved simulants of the SRS HLW. After extraction of the Cs from the waste simulant, the solvent is scrubbed with 0.05 M HNO{sub 3} and stripped with a solution comprised of 0.0005 M HNO{sub 3} and 0.0001 M CsNO{sub 3}. The selection of these conditions is justified in this report, both on the basis of experimental data and underlying theory.

Bonnesen, P.V.; Delmau, L.H.; Haverlock, T.J.; Moyer, B.A.

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Neutron flux measurements in the side-core region of Hunterston B advanced gas-cooled reactor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The core restraints of advanced gas-cooled reactors are important structural components that are required to maintain the geometric integrity of the cores. A review of neutron dosimetry for the sister stations Hunterston B and Hinkley Point B identified that earlier conservative assessments predicted high thermal neutron dose rates to key components of the restraint structure (the restraint rod welds), with the implication that some of them may be predicted to fail during a seismic event. A revised assessment was therefore undertaken [Thornton, D. A., Allen, D. A., Tyrrell, R. J., Meese, T. C., Huggon, A.P., Whiley, G. S., and Mossop, J. R., 'A Dosimetry Assessment for the Core Restraint of an Advanced Gas Cooled Reactor,' Proceedings of the 13. International Symposium on Reactor Dosimetry (ISRD-13, May 2008), World Scientific, River Edge, NJ, 2009, W. Voorbraak, L. Debarberis, and P. D'hondt, Eds., pp. 679-687] using a detailed 3D model and a Monte Carlo radiation transport program, MCBEND. This reassessment resulted in more realistic fast and thermal neutron dose recommendations, the latter in particular being much lower than had been thought previously. It is now desirable to improve confidence in these predictions by providing direct validation of the MCBEND model through the use of neutron flux measurements. This paper describes the programme of work being undertaken to deploy two neutron flux measurement 'stringers' within the side-core region of one of the Hunterston B reactors for the purpose of validating the MCBEND model. The design of the stringers and the determination of the preferred deployment locations have been informed by the use of detailed MCBEND flux calculations. These computational studies represent a rare opportunity to design a flux measurement beforehand, with the clear intention of minimising the anticipated uncertainties and obtaining measurements that are known to be representative of the neutron fields to which the vulnerable steel restraint components are exposed. (authors)

Allen, D.A. [Serco, Rutherford House, Quedgeley, Gloucester, GL2 4NF (United Kingdom); Shaw, S.E. [British Energy, Barnett Way, Barnwood, Gloucester, GL4 3RS (United Kingdom); Huggon, A.P.; Steadman, R.J.; Thornton, D.A. [Serco, Rutherford House, Quedgeley, Gloucester, GL2 4NF (United Kingdom); Whiley, G.S. [British Energy, Barnett Way, Barnwood, Gloucester, GL4 3RS (United Kingdom)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Engineering Methods for Estimating the Impacts of Demand-Side Management Programs: Volume 1: Fundamentals of Engineering Simulations for Residential and Commercial End Uses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This handbook focuses on the use of building energy computer simulations for planning and evaluating demand-side management (DSM) measures. It presents techniques for estimating energy and demand savings for a list of common residential and commercial DSM technologies using widely available public-domain and EPRI computer programs.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Synthesis of 5-Fluorouracil Acetic Acid Prodrugs of ?-Cyclodextrin at the Secondary Hydroxyl Side as Potential Colon-Specific Delivery Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The anticancer drug 5-fluorouracil-1-acetic acid was covalently attached to -cyclodextrin at the secondary hydroxyl side by using N, N -carbonyldiimidazole as a coupling reagent. The preliminary release behaviors of 5-fluorouracil-1-acetic acid in the ... Keywords: conjugate, cyclodextrin, 5-fluorouracil-1-acetic acid, hydrolysis

Jingui Cheng; Zhizhong Wang

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Proceedings: 2005 EPRI/ANL/NRC Workshop on Effects of Lead (Pb) and Sulfur (S) on the Performance of Secondary Side Tubing of Steam Generators in PWRs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This workshop reviewed the current state of knowledge regarding the effects of lead and reduced sulfur species on the occurrence of intergranular attack/stress corrosion cracking (IGA/SCC) on the secondary sides of PWR steam generators and discussed possible strategies for mitigating this IGA/SCC.

2005-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

373

A Hybrid Forming System: Electrical-Assisted Double Side Incremental Forming (EADSIF) Process for Enhanced Formability and Geometrical Flexibility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objectives of this project are to establish the scientific bases, engineering technologies and energy/emission impact of a novel dieless forming process, Double side Incremental Forming (DSIF), and to explore the effectiveness of its hybrid variation, Electrical-Assisted Double Side Incremental Forming (EADSIF), on increasing the formability of metallic sheets. The scope of this project includes: (1) the analysis of environmental performance of the proposed new process as compared to conventional sheet metal forming processes; (2) the experimental investigation of the process capabilities of DSIF and EADSIF via the self-designed and newly established lab-scale EADSIF equipment; (3) the development of the essential software in executing the new proposed process, i.e., the toolpath generation algorithms; and finally (4) the exploration of the electricity effect on material deformation. The major accomplishments, findings and conclusions obtained through this one and a half years exploratory project are: (1) The first industrial medium-size-scale DSIF machine using two hexapods, capable of handling a sheet area up to 675 mm x 675 mm, was successfully completed at Ford. (2) The lab-scale of the DSIF machine was designed, fabricated and assembled to form a workpiece up to 250 mm x 250 mm. (3) Parts with arbitrary freeform double-curvatures using the genetic, not geometric-specific tooling were successfully formed using both machines. (4) The methodology of the life cycle analysis of DSIF was developed and energy consumption was measured and compared to conventional forming processes. It was found that the DSIF process can achieve 40% to 90% saving when the number of parts produced is less than 50. Sensitivity analysis was performed and showed that even at very large number of produced parts (greater than 2000), incremental forming saves at least 5% of the energy used in conventional forming. (5) It was proposed to use the offset between the two universal tools in DSIF to actively create a squeezing effect on sheet metal and therefore, increase the geometric accuracy. The idea was confirmed through both experimental and numerical validations. (6) A novel toolpath strategy, i.e., the so-called In-to-out toolpath or accumulative toolpath, was proposed to further increase formability and geometric accuracy compared to the SPIF configuration. A dimensional form accuracy of 1 mm can be achieved using the new strategy. (7) The effect of electricity on magnesium alloy was experimentally investigated. It was found that the formability has a ridge with respect to the applied current density and pulse duration. This finding implies that there are multiple choices of process parameters that are workable depending on the desired microstructure. The above results demonstrated that DSIF/EADSIF is a promising forming technology that can create impacts in revolutionizing how the prototyping and small volume production of sheet metals will be fabricated, i.e., it can (1) eliminate the need of casting and machining of drawing dies; (2) tailor material utilization to function requirement therefore achieving a light weight product; (3) reduce the amount of sheet metal scraps; and (4) shorten the engineering and manufacturing time for sheet metal parts from the current 8 {approx} 25 weeks to less than 1 week after the technology is fully developed. DSIF/EADSIF can be implemented in aerospace, automotive and appliance industries, or be used for producing personalized and point-of-use products in medical industry. Our analysis has shown that once developed, verified and demonstrated, the implementation and growth of DSIF will increase U.S. manufacturing competitiveness, advance machine tool and software industries, and create opportunities for emerging clean energy and low-carbon economy with estimated energy savings of 11 TBtu and CO2 reduction of 1 million tons per year. The work has been disseminated into three (3) journal articles and two (2) provisional patent submissions. A new company has been spun off from this research group aiming to c

Jian Cao; Z. Cedric Xia; Timothy G. Gutowski; John Roth

2012-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

374

Evaluation of an alkaline-side solvent extraction process for cesium removal from SRS tank waste using laboratory-scale centrifugal contactors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An alkaline-side solvent extraction process for cesium removal from Savannah River Site (SRS) tank waste was evaluated experimentally using a laboratory-scale centrifugal contactor. Single-stage and multistage tests were conducted with this contactor to determine hydraulic performance, stage efficiency, and general operability of the process flowsheet. The results and conclusions of these tests are reported along with those from various supporting tests. Also discussed is the ability to scale-up from laboratory- to plant-scale operation when centrifugal contractors are used to carry out the solvent extraction process. While some problems were encountered, a promising solution for each problem has been identified. Overall, this alkaline-side cesium extraction process appears to be an excellent candidate for removing cesium from SRS tank waste.

Leonard, R. A.; Conner, C.; Liberatore, M. W.; Sedlet, J.; Aase, S. B.; Vandegrift, G. F.

1999-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

375

Evaluation of 5-cm Centrifugal Contactor Hydraulic and Mass Transfer Performance for Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction of Cesium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A test program has been conducted in which the use of pilot-scale centrifugal solvent extraction contactors for cesium removal from an alkaline waste stream has been successfully demonstrated. The program was designed specifically to evaluate the use of centrifugal contactors having 5-cm-diam rotors for the removal of cesium from alkaline high-level waste (HLW) that was generated and is being stored at the U.S. Department of Energy's Savannah River Site (SRS). The removal of cesium from this waste is highly desirable because it will reduce the volume of waste that must be treated and disposed of as HLW. The parameters applied in the test effort are those that have been established for the Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX) process, a multistage extraction operation that has been designed by researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). In the CSSX process, cesium is extracted by calix(4)arene-bis-(fert-octylbenzo-crown-6), commonly referred to as BOBCalixC6. The extract is scrubbed with dilute (0.05 M) nitric acid, both to remove coextracted elements (primarily potassium and sodium) and to adjust the pH of the extract to facilitate recovery of the cesium. The scrubbed solvent is contacted with 0.001 M HNO{sub 3}, which results in the stripping of the cesium from the solvent into the aqueous acid. The CSSX process flow rates have been established so to produce a cesium concentration in the strip effluent that is 12 to 15 times the concentration in the waste stream that enters the extraction section of the cascade. Results from initial hydraulic testing of a commercially available 5-cm contactor under CSSX conditions indicated that the mixing of feed solutions within the unit (which is critical to efficient solute transfer) was limited by a feature of the contactor that was designed to increase throughput and improve separation performance. In the design, phase separation is improved by reducing turbulence within the contactor. Subsequent to the initial hydraulic test: cesium transfer tests were performed using contactors arranged in both single-stage and multistage arrangements. Results of these tests confirmed that phase mixing within the contactor was inadequate. In an effort to improve mixing within the contactor and thereby increase mass transfer efficiency, two minor modifications were made to a single contactor unit. One modification was the replacement of the bottom plate from the vendor-supplied contactor housing, which was equipped with curved (impeller-type) vanes, with a bottom assembly that had straight radial vanes. The latter configuration is the standard used in all existing ANL, ORNL, and SRS contactor designs. The second modification involved enlargement of the opening in the bottom of the rotor through which dispersion from the contactor mixing zone enters the rotor for separation. By increasing the rotor opening sufficiently, the rotor loses pumping efficiency to such an extent that accumulation of a hydrostatic head in the annular mixing zone is required for solution to be pumped through the contactor to the organic and aqueous discharge ports. By causing a volume of liquid to accumulate in the mixing zone, it is expected that phase mixing will be improved. Following modification of a contactor, hydraulic testing was repeated to determine flow parameters to be applied in mass transfer testing using the modified device. As expected, test results indicated that the maximum throughputs that could be achieved using the modified contactor under extraction and stripping conditions were lower than those obtained using the ''as-received'' unit. However, phase separation performance within the reduced operating envelope was excellent. Most importantly, cesium transfer stage efficiencies were significantly improved over those obtained using the unmodified device and resulted in attainment of the target CSSX process decontamination factor of 40,000 when extrapolated to the baseline CSSX contactor cascade.

Birdwell, J.F.

2001-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

376

Unbalanced-grid-fault ride-through control for a doubly fed induction generator wind turbine with series grid-side converter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The grid codes now require doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) wind turbines having the "low voltage ride-through (LVRT)" capability. However, a traditional DFIG with a partially rated back-to-back converter has inherent difficulties to ride through ... Keywords: doubly fed induction generator (DFIG), low voltage ride-through (LVRT), series grid-side converter (SGSC), unbalanced grid fault, voltage dips, voltage sags, wind power generation, wind turbine

Yong Liao; Hui Li; Jun Yao

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Developement of a same-side kaon tagging algorithm of B^0_s decays for measuring delta m_s at CDF II  

SciTech Connect

The authors developed a Same-Side Kaon Tagging algorithm to determine the production flavor of B{sub s}{sup 0} mesons. Until the B{sub s}{sup 0} mixing frequency is clearly observed the performance of the Same-Side Kaon Tagging algorithm can not be measured on data but has to be determined on Monte Carlo simulation. Data and Monte Carlo agreement has been evaluated for both the B{sub s}{sup 0} and the high statistics B{sup +} and B{sup 0} modes. Extensive systematic studies were performed to quantify potential discrepancies between data and Monte Carlo. The final optimized tagging algorithm exploits the particle identification capability of the CDF II detector. it achieves a tagging performance of {epsilon}D{sup 2} = 4.0{sub -1.2}{sup +0.9} on the B{sub s}{sup 0} {yields} D{sub s}{sup -} {pi}{sup +} sample. The Same-Side Kaon Tagging algorithm presented here has been applied to the ongoing B{sub s}{sup 0} mixing analysis, and has provided a factor of 3-4 increase in the effective statistical size of the sample. This improvement results in the first direct measurement of the B{sub s}{sup 0} mixing frequency.

Menzemer, Stephanie; /Heidelberg U.

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Calculation of the parameters of the X-ray diffraction station with adaptive segmented optics on the side beam from the wiggler of the Sibir'-2 storage ring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mounting of an X-ray diffraction station on the side beam of a 19-pole superconducting wiggler makes it possible not only to use the central synchrotron radiation beam with a wavelength of 0.5 Angstrom-Sign , but also to solve problems requiring softer X rays at a synchrotron radiation (SR) intensity exceeding that for the beams from the bending magnet. A numerical simulation of the formation of photon beams from a source and their transmission through the elements of the station (and through the station as a whole) allows one to calculate the parameters of the station, compare it with the existing analogs, determine its potential and actual efficiency of its elements, and estimate the adjustment quality. A numerical simulation of the SR source on the side beam from the wiggler and the focusing channel (segmented condenser mirror, monochromator with sagittal focusing by the segmented second crystal, and segmented focusing mirror) has been performed. The sizes of the focus and the divergence of rays in it are determined with allowance for the finite sizes of segments. The intensity of radiation with a wavelength {lambda} = 1.0 Angstrom-Sign in the focus is determined taking into account the loss in the SR extraction channel and in the focusing channel. The values of the critical wavelength for the side beam from the wiggler and the wavelength resolution are calculated. The intensities in the X-ray diffraction pattern and its angular resolution are found.

Molodenskii, D. S.; Kheiker, D. M., E-mail: kheiker@ns.crys.ras.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography (Russian Federation); Korchuganov, V. N. [National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (Russian Federation); Konoplev, E. E. [NPO Luch (Russian Federation); Dorovatovskii, P. V. [National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (Russian Federation)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

379

N-Terminal Pro-B-Type Natriuretic Peptide Plasma Levels as a Potential Biomarker for Cardiac Damage After Radiotherapy in Patients With Left-Sided Breast Cancer  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) after breast-conserving surgery has been associated with increased cardiovascular mortality. Cardiac biomarkers may aid in identifying patients with radiation-mediated cardiac dysfunction. We evaluated the correlation between N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and troponin (TnI) and the dose of radiation to the heart in patients with left-sided breast cancer. Methods and Materials: NT-proBNP and TnI plasma concentrations were measured in 30 left-sided breast cancer patients (median age, 55.0 years) 5 to 22 months after RT (Group I) and in 30 left-sided breast cancer patients (median age, 57.0 years) before RT as control group (Group II). Dosimetric and geometric parameters of heart and left ventricle were determined in all patients of Group I. Seventeen patients underwent complete two-dimensional echocardiography. Results: NT-proBNP levels were significantly higher (p = 0.03) in Group I (median, 90.0 pg/ml; range, 16.7-333.1 pg/ml) than in Group II (median, 63.2 pg/ml; range, 11.0-172.5 pg/ml). TnI levels remained below the cutoff threshold of 0.07 ng/ml in both groups. In patients with NT-proBNP values above the upper limit of 125 pg/ml, there were significant correlations between plasma levels and V{sub 3Gy}(%) (p = 0.001), the ratios D{sub 15cm{sup 3}}(Gy)/D{sub mean}(Gy) (p = 0.01), the ratios D{sub 15cm}{sup 3}/D{sub 50%} (Gy) (p = 0.008) for the heart and correlations between plasma levels and V{sub 2Gy} (%) (p = 0.002), the ratios D{sub 1cm{sup 3}}(Gy)/D{sub mean}(Gy) (p = 0.03), and the ratios D{sub 0.5cm{sup 3}}(Gy)/D{sub 50%}(Gy) (p = 0.05) for the ventricle. Conclusions: Patients with left-sided breast cancer show higher values of NT-pro BNP after RT when compared with non-RT-treated matched patients, increasing in correlation with high doses in small volumes of heart and ventricle. The findings of this study show that the most important parameters are not the mean doses but instead the small percentage of organ volumes (heart or ventricle) receiving high dose levels, supporting the notion that the heart behaves as a serial organ.

D'Errico, Maria P., E-mail: patderrico@libero.it [Department of Laboratory Medicine, 'A. Perrino' Hospital, Brindisi (Italy); Grimaldi, Luca [Department of Medical Physics, 'A. Perrino' Hospital, Brindisi (Italy); Petruzzelli, Maria F. [Department of Radiation Oncology, 'A. Perrino' Hospital, Brindisi (Italy); Gianicolo, Emilio A.L. [Clinical Physiology Institute, National Research Council (IFC-CNR), Pisa-Lecce (Italy); Tramacere, Francesco [Department of Radiation Oncology, 'A. Perrino' Hospital, Brindisi (Italy); Monetti, Antonio; Placella, Roberto [Department of Laboratory Medicine, 'A. Perrino' Hospital, Brindisi (Italy); Pili, Giorgio [Department of Medical Physics, 'A. Perrino' Hospital, Brindisi (Italy); Andreassi, Maria Grazia; Sicari, Rosa; Picano, Eugenio [Clinical Physiology Institute, National Research Council (IFC-CNR), Pisa-Lecce (Italy); Portaluri, Maurizio [Department of Radiation Oncology, 'A. Perrino' Hospital, Brindisi (Italy); Clinical Physiology Institute, National Research Council (IFC-CNR), Pisa-Lecce (Italy)

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Lean-Burn Stationary Natural Gas Reciprocating Engine Operation with a Prototype Miniature Diode Side Pumped Passively Q-switched Laser Spark Plug  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

To meet the ignition system needs of large bore lean burn stationary natural gas engines a laser diode side pumped passively Q-switched laser igniter was developed and used to ignite lean mixtures in a single cylinder research engine. The laser design was produced from previous work. The in-cylinder conditions and exhaust emissions produced by the miniaturized laser were compared to that produced by a laboratory scale commercial laser system used in prior engine testing. The miniaturized laser design as well as the combustion and emissions data for both laser systems was compared and discussed. It was determined that the two laser systems produced virtually identical combustion and emissions data.

McIntyre, D.L.; Woodruff, S.D.; McMillian, M.H.; Richardson, S.W.; Gautam, Mridul

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

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381

DEMONSTRATION OF THE NEXT-GENERATION CAUSTIC-SIDE SOLVENT EXTRACTION SOLVENT WITH 2-CM CENTRIGUGAL CONTRACTORS USING TANK 49H WASTE AND WASTE SIMULANT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Researchers successfully demonstrated the chemistry and process equipment of the Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX) flowsheet using MaxCalix for the decontamination of high level waste (HLW). The demonstration was completed using a 12-stage, 2-cm centrifugal contactor apparatus at the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL). This represents the first CSSX process demonstration of the MaxCalix solvent system with Savannah River Site (SRS) HLW. Two tests lasting 24 and 27 hours processed non-radioactive simulated Tank 49H waste and actual Tank 49H HLW, respectively. A solvent extraction system for removal of cesium from alkaline solutions was developed utilizing a novel solvent invented at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). This solvent consists of a calix[4]arene-crown-6 extractant dissolved in an inert hydrocarbon matrix. A modifier is added to the solvent to enhance the extraction power of the calixarene and to prevent the formation of a third phase. An additional additive is used to improve stripping performance and to mitigate the effects of any surfactants present in the feed stream. The process that deploys this solvent system is known as Caustic Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX). The solvent system has been deployed at the Savannah River Site (SRS) in the Modular CSSX Unit (MCU) since 2008.

Pierce, R.; Peters, T.; Crowder, M.; Pak, D.; Fink, S.; Blessing, R.; Washington, A.; Caldwell, T.

2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

382

Impacts of Western Area Power Administration`s power marketing alternatives on utility demand-side management and conservation and renewable energy programs  

SciTech Connect

The Western Area Power Administration (Western) requires all of its long-term firm power customers to implement programs that promote the conservation of electric energy or facilitate the use of renewable energy resources. Western has also proposed that all customers develop integrated resource plans that include cost-effective demand-side management programs. As part of the preparation of Western`s Electric Power Marketing Environmental Impact Statement, Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) developed estimates of the reductions in energy demand resulting from Western`s conservation and renewable energy activities in its Salt Lake City Area Office. ANL has also estimated the energy-demand reductions from cost-effective, demand-side management programs that could be included in the integrated resource plans of the customers served by Western`s Salt Lake City Area Office. The results of this study have been used to adjust the expected hourly demand for Western`s major systems in the Salt Lake City Area. The expected hourly demand served as the basis for capacity expansion plans develops with ANL`s Production and Capacity Expansion (PACE) model.

Cavallo, J.D.; Germer, M.F.; Tompkins, M.M.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Anterior Myocardial Territory May Replace the Heart as Organ at Risk in Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy for Left-Sided Breast Cancer  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: We investigated whether the heart could be replaced by the anterior myocardial territory (AMT) as the organ at risk (OAR) in intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) of the breast for patients with left-sided breast cancer. Methods and Materials: Twenty-three patients with left-sided breast cancer who received postoperative radiation after breast-conserving surgery were studied. For each patient, we generated five IMRT plans including heart (H), left ventricle (LV), AMT, LV+AMT, and H+LV as the primary OARs, respectively, except both lungs and right breast, which corresponded to IMRT(H), IMRT(LV), IMRT(AMT), IMRT(LV+AMT), and IMRT(H+LV). For the planning target volumes and OARs, the parameters of dose-volume histograms were compared. Results: The homogeneity index, conformity index, and coverage index were not compromised significantly in IMRT(AMT), IMRT(LV) and IMRT(LV+ AMT), respectively, when compared with IMRT(H). The mean dose to the heart, LV, and AMT decreased 5.3-21.5% (p < 0.05), 19.9-29.5% (p < 0.05), and 13.3-24.5% (p < 0.05), respectively. Similarly, the low (e.g., V5%), middle (e.g., V20%), and high (e.g., V30%) dose-volume of the heart, LV, and AMT decreased with different levels. The mean dose and V10% of the right lung increased by 9.2% (p < 0.05) and 27.6% (p < 0.05), respectively, in IMRT(LV), and the mean dose and V5% of the right breast decreased significantly in IMRT(AMT) and IMRT(LV+AMT). IMRT(AMT) was the preferred plan and was then compared with IMRT(H+LV); the majority of dose-volume histogram parameters of OARs including the heart, LV, AMT, both lungs, and the right breast were not statistically different. However, the low dose-volume of LV increased and the middle dose-volume decreased significantly (p < 0.05) in IMRT(AMT). Also, those of the right lung (V10%, V15%) and right breast (V5%, V10%) decreased significantly (p < 0.05). Conclusions: The AMT may replace the heart as the OAR in left-sided breast IMRT after breast-conserving surgery to decrease the radiation dose to the heart.

Tan Wenyong [Department of Radiotherapy, Hubei Cancer Hospital, Wuhan (China); Key Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics of the Ministry of Education, College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan (China); Liu Dong [Department of Radiotherapy, Hubei Cancer Hospital, Wuhan (China); Xue Chenbin [Key Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics of the Ministry of Education, College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan (China); Xu Jiaozhen; Li Beihui [Department of Radiotherapy, Hubei Cancer Hospital, Wuhan (China); Chen Zhengwang [Key Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics of the Ministry of Education, College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan (China); Hu Desheng [Department of Radiotherapy, Hubei Cancer Hospital, Wuhan (China); Wang Xionghong, E-mail: tanwyym@yahoo.com.cn [Department of Radiotherapy, Hubei Cancer Hospital, Wuhan (China)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

RESULTS FROM ANALYSIS OF THE FIRST AND SECOND STRIP EFFLUENT COALESCER ELEMENTS FROM RADIOACTIVE OPERATIONS OF THE MODULAR CAUSTIC-SIDE SOLVENT EXTRACTION UNIT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The coalescer elements for the Strip Effluent (SE) acid within the Modular Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction Unit (MCU) experienced elevated differential pressure drop during radioactive operations. Following the end of operations for the first Macrobatch campaign and soon after start of the second Macrobatch campaign, personnel removed the coalescer media and provided to Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) for diagnostic investigation of the causes of reduced flow. This report summarizes those studies. Two Strip Effluent (SE) coalescers were delivered to the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL). One was removed from the Modular Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction Unit (MCU) between processing of Macrobatch 1 and 2 (coalescer 'Alpha'), and the second was removed from MCU after processing of {approx}24,000 gallons of salt solution (coalescer 'Beta'). Both coalescers underwent the same general strip acid flush program to reduce the dose and were delivered to SRNL for analysis of potential occluding solids. Analysis of Coalescer Alpha indicates the presence of aluminum hydroxide solids and aluminosilicate solids, while analysis of Coalescer Beta indicates the presence of aluminum hydroxide solids, but no aluminosilicates. Leaching studies on sections of both coalescers were performed. The results indicate that the coalescers had different amounts of solids present on them at the time of removal. Finally, samples of free liquids retrieved from both coalescers indicate no excessive amounts of CSSX solvent present. Given the strip acid flushing that occurred in the SE coalescers, the solids we detected on the coalescers are probably indicative of a larger quantity of these solids present before the strip acid flushing. Under this scenario, the excessive pressure drops are due to the solids and not from organic fouling.

Peters, T.; Fondeur, F.; Fink, S.

2011-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

385

Novel single stripper with side-draw to remove ammonia and sour gas simultaneously for coal-gasification wastewater treatment and the industrial implementation  

SciTech Connect

A large amount of wastewater is produced in the Lurgi coal-gasification process with the complex compounds carbon dioxide, ammonia, phenol, etc., which cause a serious environmental problem. In this paper, a novel stripper operated at elevated pressure is designed to improve the pretreatment process. In this technology, two noticeable improvements were established. First, the carbon dioxide and ammonia were removed simultaneously in a single stripper where sour gas (mainly carbon dioxide) is removed from the tower top and the ammonia vapor is drawn from the side and recovered by partial condensation. Second, the ammonia is removed before the phenol recovery to reduce the pH value of the subsequent extraction units, so as the phenol removal performance of the extraction is greatly improved. To ensure the operational efficiency, some key operational parameters are analyzed and optimized though simulation. It is shown that when the top temperature is kept at 40 C and the weight ratio of the side draw to the feed is above 9%, the elevated pressures can ensure the removal efficiency of NH{sub 3} and carbon dioxide and the desired purified water as the bottom product of the unit is obtained. A real industrial application demonstrates the attractiveness of the new technique: it removes 99.9% CO{sub 2} and 99.6% ammonia, compared to known techniques which remove 66.5% and 94.4%, respectively. As a result, the pH value of the wastewater is reduced from above 9 to below 7. This ensures that the phenol removal ratio is above 93% in the following extraction units. The operating cost is lower than that of known techniques, and the operation is simplified.

Feng, D.C.; Yu, Z.J.; Chen, Y.; Qian, Y. [South China University of Technology, Ghangzhou (China). School of Chemical Engineering

2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

386

Compare Fuel Cell Vehicles Side-by-Side  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Recently Tested Vehicles Recently Tested Vehicles Fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) are not yet for sale in the United States. However, manufacturers are producing small fleets of FCVs for evaluation and have estimated the fuel economy of some vehicles using EPA test procedures. Fuel economy estimates and other information for recently tested vehicles are provided below. 2012 Honda FCX Clarity Honda FCX Clarity 2012 Mercedes-Benz F-Cell Mercedes F-Cell Fuel Economy and Driving Range Fuel Economy (miles/kg) Note: One kg of hydrogen is roughly equivalent to one gallon of gasoline. Hydrogen 60 Combined 60 City 60 Hwy Hydrogen 52 Combined 52 City 53 Hwy Range (miles) 240 190 Vehicle Characteristics Vehicle Class Midsize Car Small Station Wagon Motor DC Brushless 100kW DC Permanent Magnet (brushless) Type of Fuel Cell Proton Exchange Membrane Proton Exchange Membrane

387

Another Side of Light - D  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

D. Three quantum phenomena D. Three quantum phenomena In fluorescence, matter absorbs light waves of a high frequency and then emits light of the same or lower frequency. This process was studied and named by George Gabriel Stokes in the mid-19th century. Today, fluorescence is familiar to us from fluorescent light bulbs. A fluorescent bulb's filament produces ultraviolet light, which is absorbed by the bulb's inner coating, which then emits lower-frequency visible light-more visible light than an incandescent bulb produces with the same wattage. According to the hypothesis of light quanta, during fluorescence an atom absorbs a quantum of light whose energy is proportional to the light wave's frequency. If the atom doesn't supply any extra energy of its own, the light quantum emitted should either have the same energy or less energy

388

Another Side of Light - B  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(continued) (continued) A B C D B. The implication According to Maxwell's theory, when charged particles vibrate and stir up waves in the electromagnetic force fields around them, energy from the particles' vibration should pass into the waves gradually. Furthermore, when electromagnetic waves run into charged particles and set the particles to vibrating (or alter their existing vibration), the energy transfer from the waves to the charged particles should also be gradual. The theory also-crucially-implies that such energy transfers in either direction could involve any amount of energy whatsoever, corresponding to how long the transfer took. Planck's formula, on the other hand, fit all the known facts about light in a high-temperature enclosure, but the formula would only make sense if the

389

Another Side of Light - A  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

recognized, the significance of which soon caught the attention of Albert Einstein and led to some of his most important theories relating to the behavior of light. To better...

390

Likely stories and other sides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the mutable landscape. Burning Man Decompression is comingmigrated down here from Burning Man set up camp on the other

Jennings, Glenna

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Another Side of Light - C  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

light waves in a furnace should act much the same if they behave according to Planck's quantum law. As we noted above, the intensity of the lower-frequency light is described...

392

Selfish routing with side constraints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

seminal work of Roughgarden and Tardos [6] on the price of anarchy for selfish routing. Their model ... pay more than a certain amount for gas or tolls. So far ...

393

A Comprehensive Analysis of Cardiac Dose in Balloon-Based High-Dose-Rate Brachytherapy for Left-Sided Breast Cancer  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To investigate radiation dose to the heart in 60 patients with left-sided breast cancer who were treated with balloon-based high-dose-rate brachytherapy using MammoSite or Contura applicators. Methods and Materials: We studied 60 consecutive women with breast cancer who were treated with 34 Gy in 10 twice-daily fractions using MammoSite (n = 37) or Contura (n = 23) applicators. The whole heart and the left and right ventricles were retrospectively delineated, and dose-volume histograms were analyzed. Multiple dosimetrics were reported, such as mean dose (D{sub mean}); relative volume receiving 1.7, 5, 10, and 20 Gy (V1.7, V5, V10, and V20, respectively); dose to 1 cc (D{sub 1cc}); and maximum point dose (D{sub max}). Biologic metrics, biologically effective dose and generalized equivalent uniform dose were computed. The impact of lumpectomy cavity location on cardiac dose was investigated. Results: The average {+-} standard deviation of D{sub mean} was 2.45 {+-} 0.94 Gy (range, 0.56-4.68) and 3.29 {+-} 1.28 Gy (range, 0.77-6.35) for the heart and the ventricles, respectively. The average whole heart V5 and V10 values were 10.2% and 1.3%, respectively, and the heart D{sub max} was >20 Gy in 7 of 60 (11.7%) patients and >25 Gy in 3 of 60 (5%) patients. No cardiac tissue received {>=}30 Gy. The V1.7, V5, V10, V20, and D{sub mean} values were all higher for the ventricles than for the whole heart. For balloons located in the upper inner quadrant of the breast, the average whole heart D{sub mean} was highest. The D{sub mean}, biologically effective dose, and generalized equivalent uniform dose values for heart and ventricles decreased with increasing minimal distance from the surface of the balloon. Conclusions: On the basis of these comprehensive cardiac dosimetric data, we recommend that cardiac dose be routinely reported and kept as low as possible in balloon-based high-dose-rate brachytherapy treatment planning for patients with left-sided breast cancer so the correlation with future cardiac toxicity data can be investigated.

Valakh, Vladimir, E-mail: vladimir@valakh.com [Department of Radiation Oncology, Allegheny General Hospital, Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Kim, Yongbok; Werts, E. Day; Trombetta, Mark G. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Allegheny General Hospital, Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Drexel University College of Medicine, Allegheny Campus, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Study of Bs mixing at the CDFII experiment with a newly developed opposite side b-flavour tagging algorithm using kaons  

SciTech Connect

This thesis describes the development, calibration and performance evaluation of an Opposite-side b flavor tagger using K mesons at a p{bar p} hadron collider. In particular, this work is performed using data collected by the Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF) during the Run II of the Tevatron hadron collider running at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV. b flavor tagging consists of the determination of the flavor of the b quark contained within a hadron. This information is vital to perform any time-dependent measurement involving flavor asymmetries in b hadron decays and flavor oscillations, where it is necessary to know whether a b or {bar b} was contained in a hadron when it was produced. Although at a hadron collider the biggest challenge is probably to perform an effective selection of interesting events in real time and with the best signal-to-background ratio, the statistical significance of any time-dependent measurement is proportional to the effectiveness with which the selected data sample is tagged.

Salamanna, Giuseppe; /INFN, Rome

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Real-Space Microscopic Electrical Imaging of n+-p Junction Beneath Front-Side Ag Contact of Multicrystalline Si Solar Cells  

SciTech Connect

We investigated the quality of the n+-p diffused junction beneath the front-side Ag contact of multicrystalline Si solar cells by characterizing the uniformities of electrostatic potential and doping concentration across the junction using the atomic force microscopy-based electrical imaging techniques of scanning Kelvin probe force microscopy and scanning capacitance microscopy. We found that Ag screen-printing metallization fired at the over-fire temperature significantly degrades the junction uniformity beneath the Ag contact grid, whereas metallization at the optimal- and under-fire temperatures does not cause degradation. Ag crystallites with widely distributed sizes were found at the Ag-grid/emitter-Si interface of the over-fired cell, which is associated with the junction damage beneath the Ag grid. Large crystallites protrude into Si deeper than the junction depth. However, the junction was not broken down; instead, it was reformed on the entire front of the crystallite/Si interface. We propose a mechanism of junction-quality degradation, based on emitter Si melting at the temperature around the Ag-Si eutectic point during firing, and subsequent re-crystallization with incorporation of Ag and other impurities and with formation of crystallographic defects during quenching. The effect of this junction damage on solar cell performance is discussed.

Jiang, C. S.; Li, Z. G.; Moutinho, H. R.; Liang, L.; Ionkin, A.; Al-Jassim, M. M.

2012-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

396

Hawaii Energy Strategy: Program guide. [Contains special sections on analytical energy forecasting, renewable energy resource assessment, demand-side energy management, energy vulnerability assessment, and energy strategy integration  

SciTech Connect

The Hawaii Energy Strategy program, or HES, is a set of seven projects which will produce an integrated energy strategy for the State of Hawaii. It will include a comprehensive energy vulnerability assessment with recommended courses of action to decrease Hawaii's energy vulnerability and to better prepare for an effective response to any energy emergency or supply disruption. The seven projects are designed to increase understanding of Hawaii's energy situation and to produce recommendations to achieve the State energy objectives of: Dependable, efficient, and economical state-wide energy systems capable of supporting the needs of the people, and increased energy self-sufficiency. The seven projects under the Hawaii Energy Strategy program include: Project 1: Develop Analytical Energy Forecasting Model for the State of Hawaii. Project 2: Fossil Energy Review and Analysis. Project 3: Renewable Energy Resource Assessment and Development Program. Project 4: Demand-Side Management Program. Project 5: Transportation Energy Strategy. Project 6: Energy Vulnerability Assessment Report and Contingency Planning. Project 7: Energy Strategy Integration and Evaluation System.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Thermal And Spectroscopic Analyses Of Next Generation Caustic Side Solvent Extraction Solvent Contacted With 3, 8, And 16 Molar Nitric Acid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new solvent system referred to as Next Generation Solvent or NGS, has been developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory for the removal of cesium from alkaline solutions in the Caustic Side Solvent Extraction process. The NGS is proposed for deployment at MCU{sup a} and at the Salt Waste Processing Facility. This work investigated the chemical compatibility between NGS and 16 M, 8 M, and 3 M nitric acid from contact that may occur in handling of analytical samples from MCU or, for 3 M acid, which may occur during contactor cleaning operations at MCU. This work shows that reactions occurred between NGS components and the high molarity nitric acid. Reaction rates are much faster in 8 M and 16 M nitric acid than in 3 M nitric acid. In the case of 16 M and 8 M nitric acid, the nitric acid reacts with the extractant to produce initially organo-nitrate species. The reaction also releases soluble fluorinated alcohols such as tetrafluoropropanol. With longer contact time, the modifier reacts to produce a tarry substance with evolved gases (NO{sub x} and possibly CO). Calorimetric analysis of the reaction product mixtures revealed that the organo-nitrates reaction products are not explosive and will not deflagrate.

Fondeur, F. F.; Fink, S. D.

2011-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

398

Kahe Plant Solar Development Guideline Manual  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Kahe Power Plant, owned and operated by Hawaiian Electric Company (HECO), is located in Hawaii on the western shore of the island of Oahu. The plant consists of six oil-fired thermal units located on an approximately 450-acre (182-hectare) parcel with around 75 acres (30 hectares) of land suitable for solar development. The plant is on the leeward side of Oahu, making it one of the areas with the least precipitation and the most solar irradiance on the island. In order to reduce fossil fuel oil consu...

2011-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

399

Thermal Study Proposal Sprint/Nextel Shelters With iDEN EBTS...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

energy storage Solution must address the following at the Telecom Site: - Lack of thermal energy storage (cooling) - Lack of extended DC power back up (batteries) - Leverage...

400

"Shelter within my reach" : medium rise apartment housing for the middle income group in Karachi, Pakistan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis identifies the project development processes of medium rise (five storied or less) apartment housing built by the private formal sector, catering to the middle income groups in Karachi, Pakistan. Middle income ...

Mahmood, Saman, 1972-

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Oblique, Stratified Winds about a Shelter Fence. Part II: Comparison of Measurements with Numerical Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To evaluate Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes (RANS) models of disturbed micrometeorological winds, steady-state computations using a second-order closure are compared with observations (see Part I) in which the surface layer wind was disturbed by ...

John D. Wilson

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Individual Radiation Exposure Dose Due to Support Activities at Safe Shelters in Fukushima Prefecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Immediately after the accidents in the nuclear power stations in Fukushima on March 11, the Japanese Government ordered the evacuation of the residents within a 20-km radius from the station on March 12, and asked various institutions to monitor the contamination levels of the residents. Hirosaki University, which is located 355 km north of Fukushima City, decided to send support staff to Fukushima. This report summarizes the results of the exposure of 13 individual teams from March 15 to June 20. The support teams surveyed more than 5,000 people during this period. Almost all subjects had external contamination levels of less than 13 kcpm on Geiger-Müller (GM) survey meter, which is categorized as ‘‘no contamination level.’ ’ The 1 st team showed the highest external exposure dose, but the 4 th team onward showed no significant change. Subsequently, the internal radiation exposure was measured using a whole body counter that indicated undetectable levels in all staff members. Although the measured external radiation exposure dose cannot have serious biological effects on the health of an individual, a follow-up study of the residents in Fukushima and other regions where

Satoru Monzen; Masahiro Hosoda; Shinji Tokonami; Minoru Osanai; Hironori Yoshino; Mitsuaki A. Yoshida; Masatoshi Yamada; Yasushi Asari; Kei Satoh; Ikuo Kashiwakura

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

After the Storm: Building a Safe Shelter for the School Children of Mulhall, Oklahoma  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

When the elementary school in Mulhall, Oklahoma, was destroyed during the tornado outbreak of 3 May 1999, a great loss of young life was prevented by chance alone. The tornado hit after school was out of session. The weather scientists and ...

John W. Buckley

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

The evolution of shelter: ecology and ethology of chimpanzee nest building  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

......................................................................................................................................... 106 Chapter 6 Thermoregulatory nest function: variation in nest characteristics, shape, and architecture in response to weather ................................................................................. 110 INTRODUCTION... ................................................................................................................................................ 117 RESULTS ................................................................................................................................................. 117 Weather conditions...

Stewart, Fiona Anne

2011-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

405

Picking up the pieces : transitional shelters for disaster relief in the northern mountainous regions of Pakistan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis seeks to tackle a complex problem - disaster housing relief - from the angle of architecture design discipline and attempts to find a logical approach to solve such a problem via an in depth examination of a ...

Lee, Weifeng Victoria

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Shelter Seeking Plans of Tuscaloosa Residents for a Future Tornado Event  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The enhanced Fujita scale category 4 (EF4) Tuscaloosa, Alabama, tornado on 27 April 2011 produced 64 fatalities along its 130-km track. Hybrid survey/interviews were conducted with a sample of 211 Tuscaloosa-area residents to determine how the 27 ...

Jason C. Senkbeil; Meganne S. Rockman; John B. Mason

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Sheltering in place : the limits of integrative bargaining following industrial accidents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study grew out of an interest in environmental justice and the unique problems faced by neighborhoods located near petrochemical facilities. It also focuses on negotiation theory and how it can be applied under an ...

Macey, Gregg P

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Cyclone shelters and cyclone resilient design in coastal areas of Bangladesh  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bangladesh is one of those countries that are most vulnerable to tropical cyclones. In recent decades, cyclone mitigations by the Government of Bangladesh and international organizations have greatly increased the coastal ...

Jia, Zheng, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Model-Simulated Influences of Shelterbelt Shape on Wind-Sheltering Efficiency  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors report results of a numerical model used to simulate wind and turbulence fields for porous, living shelterbelts with seven different cross-sectional shapes. The simulations are consistent with results of Woodruff and Zingg whose wind-...

Hao Wang; E. S. Takle

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

DEMONSTRATION OF THE NEXT-GENERATION CAUSTIC-SIDE SOLVENT EXTRACTION SOLVENT WITH 2-CM CENTRIFUGAL CONTRACTORS USING TANK 49H WASTE AND WASTE SIMULANT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Researchers successfully demonstrated the chemistry and process equipment of the Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX) flowsheet using MaxCalix for the decontamination of high level waste (HLW). The demonstration was completed using a 12-stage, 2-cm centrifugal contactor apparatus at the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL). This represents the first CSSX process demonstration of the MaxCalix solvent system with Savannah River Site (SRS) HLW. Two tests lasting 24 and 27 hours processed non-radioactive simulated Tank 49H waste and actual Tank 49H HLW, respectively. Conclusions from this work include the following. The CSSX process is capable of reducing {sup 137}Cs in high level radioactive waste by a factor of more than 40,000 using five extraction, two scrub, and five strip stages. Tests demonstrated extraction and strip section stage efficiencies of greater than 93% for the Tank 49H waste test and greater than 88% for the simulant waste test. During a test with HLW, researchers processed 39 liters of Tank 49H solution and the waste raffinate had an average decontamination factor (DF) of 6.78E+04, with a maximum of 1.08E+05. A simulant waste solution ({approx}34.5 liters) with an initial Cs concentration of 83.1 mg/L was processed and had an average DF greater than 5.9E+03, with a maximum DF of greater than 6.6E+03. The difference may be attributable to differences in contactor stage efficiencies. Test results showed the solvent can be stripped of cesium and recycled for {approx}25 solvent turnovers without the occurrence of any measurable solvent degradation or negative effects from minor components. Based on the performance of the 12-stage 2-cm apparatus with the Tank 49H HLW, the projected DF for MCU with seven extraction, two scrub, and seven strip stages operating at a nominal efficiency of 90% is {approx}388,000. At 95% stage efficiency, the DF in MCU would be {approx}3.2 million. Carryover of organic solvent in aqueous streams (and aqueous in organic streams) was less than 0.1% when processing Tank 49H HLW. The entrained solvent concentration measured in the decontaminated salt solution (DSS) was as much as {approx}140 mg/L, although that value may be overstated by as much as 50% due to modifier solubility in the DSS. The entrained solvent concentration was measured in the strip effluent (SE) and the results are pending. A steady-state concentration factor (CF) of 15.9 was achieved with Tank 49H HLW. Cesium distribution ratios [D(Cs)] were measured with non-radioactive Tank 49H waste simulant and actual Tank 49H waste. Below is a comparison of D(Cs) values of ESS and 2-cm tests. Batch Extraction-Strip-Scrub (ESS) tests yielded D(Cs) values for extraction of {approx}81-88 for tests with Tank 49H waste and waste simulant. The results from the 2-cm contactor tests were in agreement with values of 58-92 for the Tank 49H HLW test and 54-83 for the simulant waste test. These values are consistent with the reference D(Cs) for extraction of {approx}60. In tests with Tank 49H waste and waste simulant, batch ESS tests measured D(Cs) values for the two scrub stages as {approx}3.5-5.0 for the first scrub stage and {approx}1.0-3.0 for the second scrub stage. In the Tank 49H test, the D(Cs) values for the 2-cm test were far from the ESS values. A D(Cs) value of 161 was measured for the first scrub stage and 10.8 for the second scrub stage. The data suggest that the scrub stage is not operating as effectively as intended. For the simulant test, a D(Cs) value of 1.9 was measured for the first scrub stage; the sample from the second scrub stage was compromised. Measurements of the pH of all stage samples for the Tank 49H test showed that the pH for extraction and scrub stages was 14 and the pH for the strip stages was {approx}7. It is expected that the pH of the second scrub stage would be {approx}12-13. Batch ESS tests measured D(Cs) values for the strip stages to be {approx}0.002-0.010. A high value in Strip No.3 of a test with simulant solution has been attributed to issues associated with the limits of detection for the

Pierce, R.; Peters, T.; Crowder, M.; Caldwell, T.; Pak, D; Fink, S.; Blessing, R.; Washington, A.

2011-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

411

CLEANING OF MUNICIPAL WASTE INCINERATOR FLUE GAS IN EUROPE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/07/11 2015 Narcotics Violation Towers Hall A resident admitted to smoking marijuana and turned over arrested. 04/21/11 1417 04/21/11 1200- 1405 Theft Towers A credit card was stolen. Report taken. 04 The bus shelter was spray-painted on north and west sides. Report taken. 04/09/11 1047 04/09/11 1047

Columbia University

412

1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nauru Island Effect Study - Nauru Island Effect Study - Installation and Preliminary Data K. B. Widener and C. N. Long Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington Abstract A limited suite of instrumentation was installed on the windward side of Nauru to help in understanding the effect the island has on downwind development of clouds. This is of specific interest since the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Atmosphere Radiation and Cloud Station-2 (ARCS-2) site is on the leeward side of the island. This poster presents the instruments, data streams, and preliminary data from this study. Background During the first Department of Energy (DOE)/ARM Nauru99 Workshop held at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), various results were presented that indicated there indeed is an island

413

Hypothyroidism After Head-and-Neck Radiotherapy in Children and Adolescents: Preliminary Results of the 'Registry for the Evaluation of Side Effects After Radiotherapy in Childhood and Adolescence' (RiSK)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: The 'Registry for the Evaluation of Side Effects After Radiotherapy in Childhood and Adolescence' (RiSK) has been established to prospectively characterize dose-volume effects of radiation in terms of side effects. The aim of this analysis was to characterize the function of the thyroid gland after radiotherapy to the head-and-neck region in children and adolescents. Methods and Materials: Detailed information regarding radiation doses to at-risk organs has been collected across Germany since 2001. Thyroid function was evaluated by blood value examinations of thyroid-stimulating hormone, triiodothyronine, and thyroxine. Information regarding thyroid hormone substitution was requested from the treating physicians. Results: Until May 2009, 1,086 patients from 62 centers were recruited, including 404 patients (median age, 10.9 years) who had received radiotherapy to the thyroid gland and/or hypophysis. Follow-up information was available for 264 patients (60.9%; median follow-up, 40 months), with 60 patients (22.7%) showing pathologic values. In comparison to patients treated with prophylactic cranial irradiation (median dose, 12 Gy), patients with radiation doses of 15 to 25 Gy to the thyroid gland had a hazard ratio of 3.072 (p = 0.002) for the development of pathologic thyroid blood values. Patients with greater than 25 Gy to the thyroid gland and patients who underwent craniospinal irradiation had hazard ratios of 3.768 (p = 0.009) and 5.674 (p gland and/or hypophysis, can frequently be observed after radiotherapy in children. A structured follow-up examination is advised.

Boelling, Tobias, E-mail: Tobias.Boelling@uni-muenster.de [Department of Radiotherapy, University Hospital of Muenster, Muenster (Germany); Department of Radiotherapy, Paracelsus Clinic Osnabrueck, Osnabrueck (Germany); Geisenheiser, Alina [Department of Radiotherapy, University Hospital of Muenster, Muenster (Germany); Pape, Hildegard [Department of Radiotherapy, University Hospital of Duesseldorf, Duesseldorf (Germany); Martini, Carmen [Department of Radiotherapy, University Hospital of Freiburg, Freiburg (Germany); Ruebe, Christian [Department of Radiotherapy, University Hospital of Homburg/Saar, Homburg/Saar (Germany); Timmermann, Beate [Center for Proton Radiation Therapy, Paul-Scherrer-Institute, Villigen (Switzerland); Fischedick, Karin [Department of Radiotherapy, University of Aachen, Aachen (Germany); Kortmann, Rolf-Dieter [Department of Radiotherapy, University of Leipzig, Leipzig (Germany); Gerss, Joachim; Koch, Raphael [Department of Medical Informatics and Biomathematics, University of Muenster, Muenster (Germany); Center for Clinical Trials, University Hospital of Muenster, Muenster (Germany); Willich, Normann [Department of Radiotherapy, University Hospital of Muenster, Muenster (Germany)

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Single condenser arrangement for side exhaust turbine  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a large-scale power generating apparatus for converting steam energy into electrical energy. It comprises: a large turbine capable of converting steam energy into mechanical energy; a large generator for converting mechanical energy into electrical energy; a shaft disposed in and axially connecting the turbine and the generator, the shaft capable of being turned by steam energy in the turbine; a single condenser connected to the turbine and capable of drawing steam out of the turbine and condensing steam to water, the single condenser disposed alongside the turbine; and a low foundation which supports the turbine and the generator and a slab which supports the low foundation and the single condenser.

Stock, A.L.

1989-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

415

Supply-side Resources & Planning Assumptions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

modeling 146/19/2013 #12;6/19/2013 8 Commercial w/Limited PNW availability Proposed resources: ­ Biogas technologies Raft River Geothermal (ID)Biogas technologies Landfill Wastewater treatment Animal, commercial

416

Side Reactions in Lithium-Ion Batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Model for Aging of Lithium-Ion Battery Cells. Journal of TheSalts Formed on the Lithium-Ion Battery Negative Electrodeion batteries In a lithium ion battery, positively charged

Tang, Maureen Han-Mei

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Rational Expression Simplification with Polynomial Side ... - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

standard basis vectors ei. For example: [ x2 + y. 2y. ] .... Notice that the first row of G contains a Gr?bner basis for ?F? and the remaining rows express this basis in ...

418

Power Module Packaging with Double Sided Planar ...  

Energy & Transportation Science Division Licensing Contact SIMS, DAVID L UT-Battelle, LLC Oak Ridge National Laboratory Rm 124C, Bldg 4500N, MS: ...

419

The Dark Side of mSUGRA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) to distinguish them from the related concept from Frequentist Statistics called a “confidence interval”. Usage of the term “credible interval” is not common in High Energy Physics, however, and we will stick to “confidence region”. – 9 – 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0... measurement, we are now in a position to define the likelihood of the set of all measurements or observables, taken together. We are required to calculate the joint – 7 – (total) likelihood L of all the measurements given the truth, i.e. in the notation of Eq...

Allanach, B C; Lester, Christopher G; Weber, Arne M

420

Server-side detection of malware infection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We review the intertwined problems of malware and online fraud, and argue that the fact that service providers often are nancially responsible for fraud causes a relative lack of incentives for clients to manage their own security well. This suggests ... Keywords: anti-virus, audit, cell phone, detection, fraud, incentive compatible, infection, malware, mobile, post-mortem, retroactive

Markus Jakobsson; Ari Juels

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Dark side of the Higgs boson.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current limits from the Large Hadron Collider exclude a standard model-like Higgs mass above 150 GeV, by placing an upper bound on the Higgs production rate. We emphasize that, alternatively, the limit could be interpreted as a lower bound on the total decay width of the Higgs boson. If the invisible decay width of the Higgs is of the same order as the visible decay width, a heavy Higgs boson could be consistent with null results from current searches. We propose a method to infer the invisible decay of the Higgs by using the width of the measured h {yields} ZZ {yields} 4 {ell} line shape, and study the effect on the width extraction due to a reduced signal strength. Assuming the invisible decay product is the dark matter, we show that minimal models are tightly constrained by limits from Higgs searches at the LHC and direct detection experiments of dark matter, unless the relic density constraint is relaxed.

Low, I.; Schwaller, P.; Shaughnessy, G.; Wagner, C. E. M. (High Energy Physics); (Northwestern University); (University of Illinois); (University of Wisconsin); (University of Chicago); (University of Chicago)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Discount rates and demand-side management  

SciTech Connect

The standard economic analysis of of implied discount rates for energy-efficiency investment is wrong. First, consumers are not profit maximizing or economic optimizing agents with respect to energy. To the extent consumers make tradeoffs on some criteria other than energy costs, implied discount rates measure that other tradeoff, not the energy cost tradeoff. Second, to the extent that product pricing does not reflect tradeoffs between first cost and energy cost, there is no meaning to implied market discount rates based on these factors. Related to this misinterpretation of consumer and market discount rates is the issue of consumer and utility self-interest. To the extent that utilities can capitalize on the energy-inefficient investment behavior of individuals through DSM programs, it is in their interest and the ratepayer's interest to do so. Considerable evidence suggests that implied discount rates convey extremely misleading information about the level of this underinvestment. Drawing inferences about the value of DSM programs from this information is similarly misleading. An economic explanation of consumer and marker behavior suggests that such underinvestment is both rational and common and that large gains may be achieved through DSM. Societal welfare would be improved if utilities aggressively capitalized on the widespread consumer underinvestment in energy efficiency by incorporating DSM in their resource planning processes.

Chernoff, H.

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Demand side management in district heating systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a multiagent system that has made the voyage from research project to commercialised product. The purpose for the multiagent system is to dynamically control a system so that the load of the system is below certain threshold values ... Keywords: agent-based deployed applications

Fredrik Wernstedt; Paul Davidsson; Christian Johansson

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Process Improvements and Experiences - Red Side I  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 16, 2010 ... Bauxite Grinding Practices and Options: Anthony Filidore1; John ... Although the mining process is selective, this layer is removed with a certain ...

425

Memory-side acceleration for XML parsing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As Extensible Markup Language (XML) becomes prevalent in cloud computing environments, it also introduces significant performance overheads. In this paper, we analyze the performance of XML parsing, identify that a significant fraction of the performance ...

Jie Tang; Shaoshan Liu; Zhimin Gu; Chen Liu; Jean-Luc Gaudiot

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Synthesis of polyphosphazenes with sulfonimide side groups  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention relates to sulfonimide bearing phenolic compounds and the use of those compounds to produce polyphosphazenes functionalized by one or more of those compounds alone, or in combination with cosubstituents. The invention also relates to blends of sulfonimide functionalized phosphazene polymers with other polymers, membranes formed of the functionalized polymers, and the use of those membranes in devices such as fuel cells.

Allcock, Harry R. (State College, PA); Hofmann,; Michael A. (Brookhaven, PA); Ambler, Catherine M. (State College, PA); Andrew, Maher E. (Little Britian, CA); Wood, Richard M. (State College, PA); Welna, Daniel T. (State College, PA)

2010-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

427

Integration of Demand Side Management, Distributed Generation...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

are country reports from Task XVII participants, including Austria, Finland, Italy, Korea, the Netherlands, Spain and the United States. Annex 8 provides a list of software...

428

Demand Side Management in Rangan Banerjee  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Compressed Air ­ reduce pressure, air leakages FRP fans ­ Cooling towers, energy efficient fans Waste heat Cooling Tower Additional Chiller pump Under ground Chilled water Storage tank Space to be conditioned, cooling, motive power...) #12;Utility Load Shape Objectives Peak Clipping Valley Filling Load Shifting

Banerjee, Rangan

429

Client side personalization of smart environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we will describe our approach for supporting users by personalizing the multiple environments they visit in their daily lives. In our approach, user preferences are stored on a handheld device which can assist the user in selecting, installing ... Keywords: jxta, mobility, osgi, personalization, smart environments

Ibrahim Armac; Daniel Evers

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Invaders from the South? Archaeological Discontinuities in the Northwestern Great Basin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Number of Specimens Source Hanging Rock Shelter Last SupperSupper Hanging Rock Last Supper Source Cave Shelter ShelterSOURCE DETERMINATIONS FOR PROJECTILE POINTS FROM HANGING ROCK

Layton, Thomas N

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Solceller som energikälla och solskydd för tält; Solar cells as power source and solar protection roof for shelters.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This degree project is an investigation of solar cells and their ability to deliver electric power as well as reducing the need for cooling.… (more)

Lönn, Viktoria

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

"Little Holes to Hide In": Civil Defense and the Public Backlash Against Home Fallout Shelters, 1957-1963.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Throughout the 1950s, U.S. policymakers actively encouraged Americans to participate in civil defense through a variety of policies. In 1958, amidst confusion concerning which… (more)

Whitehurst, John R

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Dosimetric Comparison of Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy Plans, With or Without Anterior Myocardial Territory and Left Ventricle as Organs at Risk, in Early-Stage Left-Sided Breast Cancer Patients  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: We evaluated heart sparing using an intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) plan with the left ventricle (LV) and/or the anterior myocardial territory (AMT) as additional organs at risk (OARs). Methods and Materials: A total of 10 patients with left-sided breast cancer were selected for dosimetric planning. Both lungs, the right breast, heart, LV, and AMT were defined as OARs. We generated one tangential field plan and four IMRT plans for each patient. We examined the dose-volume histogram parameters of the planning target volume and OARs. Results: Compared with the tangential field plan, the mean dose to the heart in the IMRT plans did not show significant differences; however, the dose to the AMT and LV decreased by 18.7-45.4% and 10.8-37.4%, respectively. The maximal dose to the heart decreased by 18.6-35.3%, to the AMT by 22.0-45.1%, and to the LV by 23.5-45.0%, And the relative volumes of the heart (V{sub {>=}12}), AMT (V{sub >11}) and LV (V{sub >10}) decreased significantly with different levels, respectively. The volume of the heart, AMT, LV, both lungs, and right breast receiving {>=}5 Gy showed a significant increase. Compared with the IMRT (H) plan, the mean dose to the heart, AMT, and LV decreased by 17.5-21.5%, 25.2-29.8%, and 22.8-29.8% and the maximal dose by 13.6-20.6%, 23.1-29.6%, and 17.3-29.1%, respectively. The IMRT plans for both lungs and the right breast showed no significant differences. Conclusions: The IMRT plans with the addition of the AMT and/or LV as OARs considerably increased heart sparing. We recommend including the LV as an additional OAR in such plans.

Tan Wenyong [Key Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics of the Ministry of Education, Huazhong University of Science and Technology College of Life Science and Technology, Wuhan (China); Wang Xiaohong; Qiu Dasheng [Department of Radiotherapy, Hubei Cancer Hospital, Wuhan (China); Liu Dong [Department of Radiology, Hubei Cancer Hospital, Wuhan (China); Jia Shaohui; Zeng Fanyu [Department of Radiotherapy, Hubei Cancer Hospital, Wuhan (China); Chen Zhengwang [Key Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics of the Ministry of Education, Huazhong University of Science and Technology College of Life Science and Technology, Wuhan (China); Li Beihui; Xu Jiaozhen; Wei Lai [Department of Radiotherapy, Hubei Cancer Hospital, Wuhan (China); Hu Desheng, E-mail: tanwyym@yahoo.com.cn [Department of Radiotherapy, Hubei Cancer Hospital, Wuhan (China)

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Laser damage by ns and sub-ps pulses on hafnia/silica anti-reflection coatings on fused silica double-sided polished using zirconia or ceria and washed with or without an alumina wash step.  

SciTech Connect

Sandia's Large Optics Coating Operation has extensive results of laser induced damage threshold (LIDT) testing of its anti-reflection (AR) and high reflection coatings on substrates pitch polished using ceria and washed in a process that includes an alumina wash step. The purpose of the alumina wash step is to remove residual polishing compound to minimize its role in laser damage. These LIDT tests are for multi longitudinal mode, ns class pulses at 1064 nm and 532 nm (NIF-MEL protocol) and mode locked, sub-ps class pulses at 1054 nm (Sandia measurements), and show reasonably high and adequate laser damage resistance for coatings in the beam trains of Sandia's Z-Backlighter terawatt and petawatt lasers. An AR coating in addition to coatings of our previous reports confirms this with LIDTs of 33.0 J/cm{sup 2} for 3.5 ns pulses and 1.8 J/cm{sup 2} for 350 fs pulses. In this paper, we investigate both ceria and zirconia in doublesided polishing (common for large flat Z-Backlighter laser optics) as they affect LIDTs of an AR coating on fused silica substrates washed with or without the alumina wash step. For these AR coated, double-sided polished surfaces, ceria polishing in general affords better resistance to laser damage than zirconia polishing and laser damage is less likely with the alumina wash step than without it. This is supported by specific results of laser damage tests with 3.5 ns, multi longitudinal mode, single shot pulses at 1064 nm and 532 nm, with 7.0 ns, single and multi longitudinal mode, single and multi shot pulses at 532 nm, and with 350 fs, mode-locked, single shot pulses at 1054 nm.

Bellum, John Curtis; Rambo, Patrick K.; Schwarz, Jens; Kletecka, Damon; Atherton, Briggs W.; Kimmel, Mark W.; Smith, Ian Craig; Smith, Douglas (Plymouth Grating Laboratory, Carver, MA); Hobbs, Zachary (Sydor Optics, Inc., Rochester, NY)

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

A regular round of talks with atomic energy ministry representatives of Russia, the U.S., Japan, South Korea and China will be held Saturday in the IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) HQ in Vienna. The sides will try to reach a compromise on the pro  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

international experimental nuclear reactor ITER, Igor Borovkov, the first deputy Russian atomic energy minister, the Russian side suggested building the nuclear reactor on the territory of either France or Japan nuclear reactor on its territory? RIAN ©1999 " ". When reproducing our materials in whole or in part

436

SH Coatings LP | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SH Coatings SH Coatings LP America's Next Top Energy Innovator Challenge 10147 likes SH Coatings LP Oak Ridge National Laboratory SH Coating protects power lines from inclement weather as well as contamination from salt deposits that often cause flashovers in coastal environments. The coating can be applied to existing power lines and equipment in any field condition. The most important application is coating power lines in ice storm threatened areas. Power lines coated with SHC prevent the ice build-up that come with ice storms by repelling the rain that ordinarily falls on power lines and freezes there forming a wing on the leeward side of the line and causing the lines to gallop during wind events. This action destroys the poles carrying the lines as well as cause lines to short

437

SH Coatings LP | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SH Coatings SH Coatings LP America's Next Top Energy Innovator Challenge 10147 likes SH Coatings LP Oak Ridge National Laboratory SH Coating protects power lines from inclement weather as well as contamination from salt deposits that often cause flashovers in coastal environments. The coating can be applied to existing power lines and equipment in any field condition. The most important application is coating power lines in ice storm threatened areas. Power lines coated with SHC prevent the ice build-up that come with ice storms by repelling the rain that ordinarily falls on power lines and freezes there forming a wing on the leeward side of the line and causing the lines to gallop during wind events. This action destroys the poles carrying the lines as well as cause lines to short

438

SH Coatings LP | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SH Coatings SH Coatings LP America's Next Top Energy Innovator Challenge 10147 likes SH Coatings LP Oak Ridge National Laboratory SH Coating protects power lines from inclement weather as well as contamination from salt deposits that often cause flashovers in coastal environments. The coating can be applied to existing power lines and equipment in any field condition. The most important application is coating power lines in ice storm threatened areas. Power lines coated with SHC prevent the ice build-up that come with ice storms by repelling the rain that ordinarily falls on power lines and freezes there forming a wing on the leeward side of the line and causing the lines to gallop during wind events. This action destroys the poles carrying the lines as well as cause lines to short

439

1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plumes Observed at Nauru Using GMS Imagery Plumes Observed at Nauru Using GMS Imagery M. L. Nordeen, D. R. Doelling, D. Pethick, and L. Nguyen Analytical Services and Materials, Inc. Hampton, Virginia P. Minnis Atmospheric Sciences Division National Aeronautics and Space Administration Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia Introduction As part of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program, the Atmospheric Radiation and Cloud Station 2 (ARCS-2) was placed on the leeward side of the island of Nauru (0.521°S, 166.916°E) to monitor the equatorial Tropical Western Pacific (TWP). We hoped the measurements of radiation and cloud properties from Nauru would represent the surrounding ocean. Observations at the ARCS-2 started during the Nauru99 (mid June to mid July 1999) field campaign. During this campaign, island-

440

Biases in Expendable Bathythermograph Data: A New View Based on Historical Side-by-Side Comparisons  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Because they make up 56% of ocean temperature profile data between 1967 and 2001, quantifying the biases in expendable bathythermograph (XBT) data is fundamental to understanding the evolution of the planetary energy and sea level budgets over ...

Rebecca Cowley; Susan Wijffels; Lijing Cheng; Tim Boyer; Shoichi Kizu

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Side-by-Side Field Evaluation of Highly Insulating Windows in the PNNL Lab Homes  

SciTech Connect

To examine the energy, air leakage, and thermal performance of highly insulating windows, a field evaluation was undertaken in a matched pair of all-electric, factory-built “Lab Homes” located on the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) campus in Richland, Washington. The “baseline” Lab Home B was retrofitted with “standard” double-pane clear aluminum-frame slider windows and patio doors, while the “experimental” Lab Home A was retrofitted with Jeld-Wen® triple-pane vinyl-frame slider windows and patio doors with a U-factor of 0.2 and solar heat gain coefficient of 0.19. To assess the window, the building shell air leakage, energy use, and interior temperatures of each home were compared during the 2012 winter heating and summer cooling seasons. The measured energy savings in Lab Home B averaged 5,821 watt-hours per day (Wh/day) during the heating season and 6,518 Wh/day during the cooling season. The overall whole-house energy savings of Lab Home B compared to Lab Home A are 11.6% ± 1.53% for the heating season and 18.4 ± 2.06% for the cooling season for identical occupancy conditions with no window coverings deployed. Extrapolating these energy savings numbers based on typical average heating degree days and cooling degree days per year yields an estimated annual energy savings of 12.2%, or 1,784 kWh/yr. The data suggest that highly insulating windows are an effective energy-saving measure that should be considered for high-performance new homes and in existing retrofits. However, the cost effectiveness of the measure, as determined by the simple payback period, suggests that highly insulating window costs continue to make windows difficult to justify on a cost basis alone. Additional reductions in costs via improvements in manufacturing and/or market penetration that continue to drive down costs will make highly insulating windows much more viable as a cost-effective energy efficiency measure. This study also illustrates that highly insulating windows have important impacts on peak load, occupant comfort, and condensation potential, which are not captured in the energy savings calculation. More consistent and uniform interior temperature distributions suggest that highly insulated windows, as part of a high performance building envelope, may enable more centralized duct design and downsized HVAC systems. Shorter, more centralized duct systems and smaller HVAC systems to yield additional cost savings, making highly insulating windows more cost effective as part of a package of new construction or retrofit measures which achieve significant reductions in home energy use.

Widder, Sarah H.; Parker, Graham B.; Baechler, Michael C.; Bauman, Nathan N.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Measured Performance of Occupied, Side-by-Side, South Texas Homes  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The performance of three homes in San Antonio, Texas with identical floor plans and orientation were evaluated through a partnership between the Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC), CPS Energy, and Woodside Homes of South Texas. Measurements included whole house gas and electric use as well as heating, cooling, hot water, major appliances and indoor and outdoor conditions. One home built to builder standard practice served as the control, while the other homes demonstrated high performance features. Utility peak electric load comparisons of these dual-fuel homes provide an assessment of envelope and equipment improvements. The control home used natural gas for space and water heating only, while the improved homes had gas heating and major appliances with the exception of a high efficiency heat pump in one home. Data collection began in July of 2009 and continued through April of 2011. Energy ratings for the homes yielded E-Scales (aka HERS indices) of 86 for the control home, 54 for one improved home and 37 for the other home which has a 2.4kW photovoltaic array.

Chasar, D.; vonSchramm, V.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

2 Los Alamos Science Number 24 1996 "SIDE-BY-SIDE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the once secret atomic city of Arzamas-16 by leaders of VNIIEF, the All Russian (formerly All Union scientists from Los Alamos and from Arzamas-16 (the birthplace of the Sovi- et atomic bomb, now called Sarov

444

Tornado La Plata Maryland 2002  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... residential) and low rise, brick and masonry commercial structures ... of roof and partial collapse of leeward walls. ... were built, such as the wall-to-roof ...

2011-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

445

University of Hawai`i Systemwide MultiHazard  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

`olani Community College, Kaua`i Community College, Leeward Community College, Maui College, and Windward Community for transfer to a four-year college at UH Ma¯noa or UH Hilo. MAJORS Hawai`i Honolulu Kapi`olani Kaua`i Leeward Island Studies BA Performing Arts BA Pharmacy Studies BA Philippine Language and Literature BA Philosophy

Olsen, Stephen L.

446

Distribution and Reproductive Characteristics of Nonindigenous and Invasive Marine Algae in the Hawaiian Islands1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

`olani Community College, Kaua`i Community College, Leeward Community College, Maui Community College, and Windward for transfer to a four-year college at UH Ma¯noa or UH Hilo. MAJORS Hawai`i Honolulu Kapi`olani Kaua`i Leeward Science BA Nursing BS4 BS Performing Arts BA Philippine Language and Literature BA Philosophy BA BA 6

Smith, Jennifer E.

447

Fermilab Cultural Events in Chicago's Far West Side  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Art Gallery Header Public Access current show schedule contact us cultural events archive General Information Art Gallery Header Public Access current show schedule contact us cultural events archive General Information "I have always felt that science, technology, and art are importantly connected, indeed science and technology seem to many scholars to have grown out of art." -Robert Rathbun Wilson This convergence of art and science occurs daily in the Fermilab Art Gallery. It is a space for art exhibitions, chamber music concerts and where the top quark and big bang are debated over coffee. It is also a quiet space for contemplation and beauty. Current Status of Access to Fermilab Fermilab Examined – a Juried Exhibition by members of the Fermilab Photography Club 11/18/13-1/26/14 Artist Reception 11/20/13 Current Exhibition Upcoming Exhibition

448

Technical Evaluation of Side Stream Filtration for Cooling Towers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cooling Towers (photo from Pacific Cooling Towers (photo from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) * Scaling: Scaling is the precipitation of dissolved mineral components that have become saturated in solution, which can lower efficiency of the system. * Fouling: Fouling occurs when suspended particles or biologic growth forms an insulating film on heat transfer surfaces. Common foulants include organic matter, process oils, and silt, which can also lower system performance. * Microbiological Activity: Microbiological activity refers to microorganisms that live and grow in the cooling system that can contribute

449

Fermilab Cultural Events in Chicago's Far West Side  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

General Information General Information Fermilab Arts & Lecture Series Kirk Road & Pine Street, P.O. Box 500, MS 111, Batavia, IL 60510 - 0500 Phone: Voice - 630.840.ARTS(2787), Fax - 630.840.5501 E-Mail: audweb@fnal.gov Tickets are sold on a first-come, first-served basis. Tickets may be charged on MasterCard, Visa, or Discover or paid for by check. Mail Order. Send a check (payable to Fermilab) or charge authorization with a self-addressed, stamped envelope to Fermilab Arts Series, P.O. Box 500, MS111, Batavia, IL 60510-0500. Telephone. For information and tickets call 630/840.ARTS (2787). An answering machine will take your confidential message during times that the box office manager is not available. Box Office Hours. At present our box office is being staffed on a part-time

450

Technical Evaluation of Side Stream Filtration for Cooling Towers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cooling Towers (photo from Pacific Cooling Towers (photo from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) * Scaling: Scaling is the precipitation of dissolved mineral components that have become saturated in solution, which can lower efficiency of the system. * Fouling: Fouling occurs when suspended particles or biologic growth forms an insulating film on heat transfer surfaces. Common foulants include organic matter, process oils, and silt, which can also lower system performance. * Microbiological Activity: Microbiological activity refers to microorganisms that live and grow in the cooling system that can contribute

451

Buildings sector demand-side efficiency technology summaries  

SciTech Connect

This report provides descriptions of the following energy efficiency technologies: energy management systems; electronic fluorescent ballasts; compact fluorescent lamps; lighting controls; room air conditioners; high albedo materials, coatings and paints; solar domestic water heaters; heat pump water heaters; energy-efficient motors; adjustable-speed drives; energy-efficient refrigerators; daylight control glazing; insulating glazing; solar control glazing; switchable glazing; tree planting; and advanced insulation. For each technology, the report provides a description of performance characteristics, consumer utility, development status, technology standards, equipment cost, installation, maintenance, conservation programs, and environmental impacts.

Koomey, J.G.; Johnson, F.X.; Schuman, J. [and others

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Demand-Side Management and Energy Efficiency Revisited  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

programs, and the average cost per kWh saved. Using utilitythat the average per kWh program costs reported by utilities

Auffhammer, Maximilian; Blumstein, Carl; Fowlie, Meredith

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Evidence is growing on demand side of an oil peak  

SciTech Connect

After years of continued growth, the number of miles driven by Americans started falling in December 2007. Not only are the number of miles driven falling, but as cars become more fuel efficient, they go further on fewer gallons - further reducing demand for gasoline. This trend is expected to accelerate. Drivers include, along with higher-efficiency cars, mass transit, reversal in urban sprawl, biofuels, and plug-in hybrid vehicles.

NONE

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

454

A Side of Mercury Not Seen By Mariner 10  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

More than 60,000 images of Mercury were taken at ~29 deg elevation during two sunrises, at 820 nm, and through a 1.35 m diameter off-axis aperture on the SOAR telescope. The sharpest resolve 0.2" (140 km) and cover 190-300 deg longitude -- a swath unseen by the Mariner 10 spacecraft -- at complementary phase angles to previous ground-based optical imagery. Our view is comparable to that of the Moon through weak binoculars. Evident are the large crater Mozart shadowed on the terminator, fresh rayed craters, and other albedo features keyed to topography and radar reflectivity, including the putative huge ``Basin S'' on the limb. Classical bright feature Liguria resolves across the northwest boundary of the Caloris basin into a bright splotch centered on a sharp, 20 km diameter radar crater, and is the brightest feature within a prominent darker ``cap'' (Hermean feature Solitudo Phoenicis) that covers the northern hemisphere between longitudes 140-250 deg. The cap may result from space weathering that darkens via a magnetically enhanced flux of the solar wind, or that reddens low latitudes via high solar insolation.

Gerald Cecil; Dmitry Rashkeev

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

BUILDINGS SECTOR DEMAND-SIDE EFFICIENCY TECHNOLOGY SUMMARIES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Small Commercial, Residential Author: Haider Taha VII. Solar Domestic Water Heaters........................................................................... 59 End-Use: Water Heating Sector: Residential Author: Jim Lutz VIII. Heat Pump Water Heaters ................................................................................. 63 End-Use: Water Heating Sector: Residential Author: Jim Lutz IX. Energy-Efficient Motors

456

Congestion Pricing under Operational, Supply-Side Uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of public-private partner- ships. To support the process of determining appropriate prices, a large amount

Kockelman, Kara M.

457

FOR OFFICE USE ONLY CONTINUE ON REVERSE SIDE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Center at 984-3525. Kaua`i Commencement ceremonies will be held on Friday, May 11 at the Kaua`i CC. For more information, contact Alison Shigematsu at the Kaua`i University Center at 245-8330. West Hawai-Palama Health Center, 843-7247 · Ka`u Family Health Center, 929-7311 · Kauai Community Health Center, 240

458

On the Other Side of Hyperactivity: an Anthropology of ADHD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biological Citizens after Chernobyl. 1st ed. PrincetonBiological Citizens After Chernobyl, which examines throughthe reactor meltdown at Chernobyl must fight for recognition

Goodwin, Marc

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

An access control model for dynamic client-side content  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The focus of access control in client/server environments is on protecting sensitive server resources by determining whether or not a client is authorized to access those resources. The set of resources are usually static, and an access control policy ... Keywords: access control, authentication, credentials, trust negotiation

Adam Hess; Kent E. Seamons

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Fermilab Cultural Events in Chicago's Far West Side  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is now available HERE. New this season - Chez Leon, Fermilab's gourmet on-site restaurant named for Leon Lederman, is now offering pre-lecture dining. Dinner is served at 6...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "leeward sheltered side" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Optimizing Scientific Databases for Client Side Data Processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Databases are nowadays one more building block in complex multi-tier architectures. In general, however, they are still designed and optimized with little regard for the applications that will run on top of them. This problem is particularly acute in ...

Etzard Stolte; Gustavo Alonso

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Discussion Paper Prepared for: Deploying Demand Side Energy Technologies workshop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The IEA study Energy Technology Perspectives 2006 (ETP 2006) demonstrates how energy technologies can contribute to a stabilization of CO2 emissions at today’s level by 2050. The results of the scenario analysis showed that no fundamental technology breakthroughs are needed. Technologies that are available today or that are under development today will

Cecilia Tam; Dolf Gielen

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Review of Demand-Side Bidding Programs: Impacts, Costs, and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Secretary of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office ofUtility Technologies, Office ofEnergy Management Division of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC03-76SF00098. #12;Contents

464

Research on Chronological Cost Simulation of Demand-Side Programs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many electric power utilities use Direct Load Control (DLC) to reduce operational costs and peak capacity requirements. This report proposes a very effective and unique method for DLC dispatch.

1999-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

465

Chapter 3 Demand-Side Resources | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

these resources result from one of two methods of reducing load: energy efficiency or demand response load management. The energy efficiency method designs and deploys...

466

A walk from the wild side: the genetics of domestication  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

* and Pam Wiener2 Summary The phenotypic variation found in domesticated plants and animals is striking, so much so that Darwin used it to illustrate the power of selection to effect change. Recent developments colour or growth rate, two traits that have been strongly selected during livestock domestication. His

Goodrich, Justin

467

A testing methodology for side-channel resistance validation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Round 7, S Round Round 7 Round 7 hows a typical e figure shows nts. T ... bits te yte Table 4: Summa e testing, show c remained bet ary of test result ...

2011-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

468

Efficient side-channel testing for public key algorithms: RSA ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... it may also b nts. ... us far, can qu ations in a sem nt to consider when testing might be eas ... ervals, slight d er to isolate, h is performed re a t-test (or et ...

2011-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

469

Automatically Tuning Collective Communication for One-Sided Programming Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CONTACT Argonne Leadership Computing Facility | www.alcf.anl.gov | info@alcf.anl.gov | (877) 737 The Argonne Leadership Computing Facility (ALCF) enables breakthrough science--science that will change our and more. Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Science, the ALCF gives scientists

Zakhor, Avideh

470

SHA-3 Conference, March 2012, Side Channel Analysis of the ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... tion XORes all five columns, starting with the ... pro cessing the outer keyed state, Grøstl-MAC ... is restricted to measuring the power consumption of one ...

2012-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

471

Simulations of the neutral structure within the dusk side aurora  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

some de- pendence on geomagnetic activity level. However,a correlation between the geomagnetic activity level and thethe observing period. The geomagnetic activity was between

Parish, H F; Lyons, L R

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Selfish routing in the presence of side constraints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

technological nature, e.g., capacity or budgetary constraints. .... the Lagrangean multipliers of capacity constraints. ..... We define the continuous mapping ?.

473

Measuring information systems service quality: SERVQUAL from the other side  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There has been much debate as of late over the use of the SERVQUAL instrument to measure Information Systems service quality. Detractors argue that the difference score leads to unreliable measures and that the dimensionality and validity is erratic. ... Keywords: SERVQUAL, measurement, service quality, user expectations

James J. Jiang; Gary Klein; Christopher L. Carr

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Polygons in Buildings and their Refined Side Lengths  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1999. [Bro] K. Brown, Buildings, Springer, 1989. [BuBI] D.AMS, 2001. [D] M. Davis, Buildings are CAT(0), in “Geometryat Springerlink.com POLYGONS IN BUILDINGS AND THEIR REFINED

Kapovich, Michael; Leeb, Bernhard; Millson, John J.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Coupling, Propagation, and Side Effects of Surges in an ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... I I I I I I I I I I 191 191 El la m PANEL L PANEL HVAC PANEL 1 PANEL 2 PANEL 3 LEGEND T l - 480A/208A-l20Y 75 kVA ...

2013-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

476

Fermilab Cultural Events in Chicago's Far West Side  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Four Bitchin' Babes 28 14 for ages 18 and under January 25, 2014 Dirty Dozen Brass Band 30 15 for ages 18 and under March 1, 2014 Alan Kelly Gang 23 12 for ages 18...

477

Fermilab Cultural Events in Chicago's Far West Side  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

OUR BACK STORY: Started by Gregory Kozak -- a percussion virtuoso with a talent for welding, a commitment to recycling and energy to burn, and Justine Murdy -- a designer with a...

478

Annual Energy Outlook 2011 contains extensive analysis of side ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Search EIA.gov. A-Z Index; ... appliance and equipment efficiency standards, vehicle fuel economy standards, utility power plant cost uncertainties, ...

479

Power Module Packaging with Double Sided Planar Interconnection ...  

House/ Frame IGBT Die FWD Die DBC Substrate Base Plate Bolt/glue Cover Substrate Attach Die Attach Encapsua-late Wire Bond . 6 Managed by UT-Battelle

480

Unique Primary Side Initiated Degradation in the Vicinity of ... - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 1, 1999 ... At the end of the cycle 17 (EOC17) outage (Fall 1997), Duke Power Company ( DPC) removed sections of tubing from the upper tubesheet ...