National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for leaf vin jn1az0cp5bt000356

  1. Design Considerations for Distributed Caching on the Internet Renu Tewari, Michael Dahlin, Harrick M. Vin Jonathan S. Kay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dahlin, Michael D.

    Design Considerations for Distributed Caching on the Internet Renu Tewari, Michael Dahlin Proliferationists, Inc. ¡ tewari,dahlin,vin¢ @cs.utexas.edu jkay@cs.utexas.edu Technical Report UTCS TR98

  2. /amd/bernoulli/1/home/abt_vin/luz/IMPRS/Research-School/StudienOrdnungPhD-final.doc, 20.10.2005 PhD-Regulations of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spang, Rainer

    /amd/bernoulli/1/home/abt_vin/luz/IMPRS/Research- School/StudienOrdnungPhD- final.doc, 20/home/abt_vin/luz/IMPRS/Research- School/StudienOrdnungPhD- final.doc, 20.10.2005 (1) The executive

  3. 2010 Honda Insight VIN 0141 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tyler Gray

    2013-01-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity Program consists of vehicle, battery, and infrastructure testing on advanced technology related to transportation. The activity includes tests on hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), including testing the HEV batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of on road fleet testing. This report documents battery testing performed for the 2010 Honda Insight HEV (VIN: JHMZE2H78AS010141). Battery testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation dba ECOtality North America. The Idaho National Laboratory and ECOtality North America collaborate on the Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the Vehicle Technologies Program of the U.S. Department of Energy.

  4. 2010 Toyota Prius VIN 6063 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tyler Gray; Matthew Shirk

    2013-01-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity Program consists of vehicle, battery, and infrastructure testing on advanced technology related to transportation. The activity includes tests on hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), including testing the HEV batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of on road fleet testing. This report documents battery testing performed for the 2010 Toyota Prius HEV (VIN JTDKN3DU5A0006063). Battery testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation dba ECOtality North America. The Idaho National Laboratory and ECOtality North America collaborate on the Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the Vehicle Technologies Program of the U.S. Department of Energy.

  5. 2010 Toyota Prius VIN 0462 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tyler Gray; Matthew Shirk

    2013-01-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity Program consists of vehicle, battery, and infrastructure testing on advanced technology related to transportation. The activity includes tests on hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), including testing the HEV batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of on road fleet testing. This report documents battery testing performed for the 2010 Toyota Prius HEV (VIN: JTDKN3DU2A5010462). Battery testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation dba ECOtality North America. The Idaho National Laboratory and ECOtality North America collaborate on the Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the Vehicle Technologies Program of the U.S. Department of Energy.

  6. 2010 Ford Fusion VIN 4757 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tyler Gray; Matthew Shirk

    2013-01-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity Program consists of vehicle, battery, and infrastructure testing on advanced technology related to transportation. The activity includes tests on hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), including testing HEV batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of on-road fleet testing. This report documents battery testing performed for the 2010 Ford Fusion HEV (VIN: 3FADP0L34AR144757). Battery testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation dba ECOtality North America. The Idaho National Laboratory and ECOtality North America collaborate on the Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the Vehicle Technologies Program of the U.S. Department of Energy.

  7. 2010 Honda Insight VIN 1748 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tyler Gray; Matthew Shirk

    2013-01-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity Program consists of vehicle, battery, and infrastructure testing on advanced technology related to transportation. The activity includes tests on hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), including testing the HEV batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of on road fleet testing. This report documents battery testing performed for the 2010 Honda Insight HEV (VIN: JHMZE2H59AS011748). Battery testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation dba ECOtality North America. The Idaho National Laboratory and ECOtality North America collaborate on the Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the Vehicle Technologies Program of the U.S. Department of Energy.

  8. 2011 Chevrolet Volt VIN 0815 Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tyler Gray; Matthew Shirk; Jeffrey Wishart

    2013-07-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) program consists of vehicle, battery, and infrastructure testing on advanced technology related to transportation. The activity includes tests on plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), including testing the PHEV batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new and at the conclusion of 12,000 miles of on-road fleet testing. This report documents battery testing performed for the 2011 Chevrolet Volt PHEV (VIN 1G1RD6E48BU100815). The battery testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation (eTec) dba ECOtality North America. The Idaho National Laboratory and ECOtality North America collaborate on the AVTA for the Vehicle Technologies Program of the DOE.

  9. L thnh vin ca Tp on Russell danh ting, Trng i hc Cardiff rt c

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davies, Christopher

    t phng pháp ging dy, hng nghiên cu cng nh tn dng các c s vt cht tuyt vi ca trng. Thành ph Cardiff là mt hát và vin bo tàng, cng nh thng xuyên ng cai các s kin th thao ln, các chuyn lu din hoà nhc sân vn ng Khoa hc Sc kho và i sng. Sinh viên cng có th ng ký các khoá hc khác ti i hc Cardiff và s nhn c t vn và

  10. Elm Leaf Beetle 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patrick, Carl D.

    2002-05-22

    Elm leaf beetles damage all varieties of elm trees. Learn how to identify this insect and understand its biology and life cycle. There are suggestions for controlling elm leaf beetles, as well as a table of insecticides effective against...

  11. Leaf hydraulics and evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scoffoni, Christine

    2014-01-01

    Measuring leaf xylem hydraulic decline using the vacuum pumphydraulic vulnerability curves: results from maximum likelihood analysis The vacuumvacuum pump method was first developed to measure whole shoots and roots hydraulic

  12. Original article Estimation of leaf water content and specific leaf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Original article Estimation of leaf water content and specific leaf weight from reflectance and transmittance spectra measured over the 1 300-2 400-nm domain and the corresponding water content (g.cm-2) for pure water. We then investigated the possibility of estimating leaf water content and specific weight

  13. Leaf Modeling and Constrained Leaf Morphing in Leaf Space Saurabh Garg1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leow, Wee Kheng

    , and structure of the leaves among different species of plants. The main draw- back of existing methods. In this paper, we present a novel parametric leaf model based on botanical considerations for generating is generated by fitting quadratic B-spline curves to the landmark points and tangents. The proposed leaf model

  14. Instructions for Apple Leaf Sample Collection.doc September 2013 Instructions for Apple Leaf Sample Collection Vermont

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    Instructions for Apple Leaf Sample Collection.doc September 2013 Instructions for Apple Leaf Sample;Instructions for Apple Leaf Sample Collection.doc September 2013 Washing Leaf Samples 1. Wash the leaf samples

  15. Leaf-wax n-alkanes record the plantwater environment at leaf ush

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tipple, Brett

    Leaf-wax n-alkanes record the plant­water environment at leaf ush Brett J. Tipple1 , Melissa A, UT, and approved December 26, 2012 (received for review August 13, 2012) Leaf-wax n-alkanes 2 H/1 H the 2 H values of leaf-wax n-alkanes and of stem, leaf, stream, and atmospheric waters throughout

  16. HYDROCARBON CONSTITUENTS OF ICELAND LEAF FOSSIL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Jerry; Calvin, Melvin.

    2008-01-01

    Survey for supplies of Iceland Leaf Fossils. part by Theof the Tertiary History of Iceland, North Atl anti c Bi otaFigure 1 A small slab of Iceland leaf fossil. 20cm long and

  17. Yield and leaf blade area comparisons of extra leafy to normal leafed maize (Zea mays L.) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rushing, Ronald Wayne

    1996-01-01

    relationships between extra leaf production and rain yield of the leafy 9 hybrids. Fourteen hybrids were compared, including, eight Lfy and six normal-leafed industry standard hybrids. The fourteen hybrids were replicated four times in a randomized block design...

  18. RedLeaf Resources Ecoshale Project | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    RedLeaf Resources Ecoshale Project RedLeaf Resources Ecoshale Project Overview of oil shale reserves, unique oil extraction issues, novel approach for cost-effective extraction...

  19. Animal behaviour Ancient death-grip leaf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ant species, the car- penter ant Camponotus leonardi [3]. The manipulation of ant behaviour is precise [4]. For the leaf that becomes a platform for this manipulation, the relevant obser- vation

  20. How cellulose-based leaf toughness and lamina density contribute to long leaf lifespans of shade-tolerant species

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kitajima, Kaoru

    How cellulose-based leaf toughness and lamina density contribute to long leaf lifespans of shade-8137.2012.04203.x Key words: anti-herbivory defence, cellulose, herbivory, lamina density, leaf lifespan, leaf, a recently recognized indicator of material strength per unit mass, was linearly correlated with cellulose

  1. Fact #737: July 23, 2012 Upstream Emissions for Nissan Leaf

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The all-electric Nissan Leaf does not emit tailpipe emissions like an internal combustion engine, but there are emissions associated with the production of electricity to fuel the Leaf, called...

  2. Climate uncertainty on leaf surfaces Sylvain Pincebourde and Art Woods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giron, David - Institut de Recherche sur la Biologie de l'Insecte, Université François Rabelais

    that leaves provide are correspondingly important. The leaf surface is heated by sunlight and cooled by wind and transpiration, such that the leaf temperature can differ from ambient air temperature by several degrees or more

  3. Mycosphaerella species causing leaf disease in South African Eucalyptus plantations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mycosphaerella species causing leaf disease in South African Eucalyptus plantations Gavin C. HUNTER Eucalyptus plantations provide an important source of hardwood for forestry industries, worldwide. Several species of Mycosphaerella are associated with a destructive Eucalyptus leaf disease known

  4. Turbine rotor-stator leaf seal and related method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Herron, William Lee (Cincinnati, OH); Butkiewicz, Jeffrey John (Simpsonville, SC)

    2003-01-01

    A seal assembly for installation between rotating and stationary components of a machine includes a first plurality of leaf spring segments secured to the stationary component in a circumferential array surrounding the rotating component, the leaf spring segments each having a radial mounting portion and a substantially axial sealing portion, the plurality of leaf spring segments shingled in a circumferential direction.

  5. Red Leaf Resources and the Commercialization of Oil Shale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utah, University of

    Red Leaf Resources and the Commercialization of Oil Shale #12;About Red Leaf Resources 2006 Company commercial development field activities #12;Highlights Proven, Revolutionary Oil Shale Extraction Process Technology Significant Owned Oil Shale Resource #12;· The executive management team of Red Leaf Resources

  6. Manual of Leaf Architecture Morphological description and categorization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilf, Peter

    - 1 - Manual of Leaf Architecture Morphological description and categorization of dicotyledonous reserved. Published and distributed by: Leaf Architecture Working Group c/o Scott Wing Department-9677554-0-9 Please cite as: Manual of Leaf Architecture - morphological description and categorization

  7. Leaf Sequencing Algorithms for Segmented Multileaf Collimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sahni, Sartaj K.

    fluence map into a leaf sequence file that controls the movement of the MLC during radiation delivery and Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA Department of Radiation Oncology, University modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) with a multileaf collimator (MLC) requires the conversion of a radiation

  8. Use of NAP gene to manipulate leaf senescence in plants

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gan, Susheng; Guo, Yongfeng

    2013-04-16

    The present invention discloses transgenic plants having an altered level of NAP protein compared to that of a non-transgenic plant, where the transgenic plants display an altered leaf senescence phenotype relative to a non-transgenic plant, as well as mutant plants comprising an inactivated NAP gene, where mutant plants display a delayed leaf senescence phenotype compared to that of a non-mutant plant. The present invention also discloses methods for delaying leaf senescence in a plant, as well as methods of making a mutant plant having a decreased level of NAP protein compared to that of a non-mutant plant, where the mutant plant displays a delayed leaf senescence phenotype relative to a non-mutant plant. Methods for causing precocious leaf senescence or promoting leaf senescence in a plant are also disclosed. Also disclosed are methods of identifying a candidate plant suitable for breeding that displays a delayed leaf senescence and/or enhanced yield phenotype.

  9. Journal of Insect Physiology 52 (2006) 194201 Leaf miner-induced changes in leaf transmittance cause

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giron, David - Institut de Recherche sur la Biologie de l'Insecte, Université François Rabelais

    2006-01-01

    within plant tissues. The amount of CO2 released by larvae below feeding windows at high radiation levels an herbivore feeds on host plant. Modifications of leaf transmittance properties induced by feeding activity on the herbivore's body temperature and respiration rate have been determined under controlled conditions

  10. Leaf synchrony and insect herbivory among tropical tree habitat specialists

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fine, Paul V.A.

    Growth defense tradeoff theory predicts that plants in low-resource habitats invest more energy exhibit more synchrony in leaf pro- duction due to the low cost and investment to replace leaf tissue. We within four of five lineages, the direction of the effect was variable. All species showed short time

  11. REMOTE SENS. ENVIRON. 30:43-54 (1989) Detection of Changes in Leaf Water Content

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunt Jr., E. Raymond

    1989-01-01

    REMOTE SENS. ENVIRON. 30:43-54 (1989) Detection of Changes in Leaf Water Content Using Near the ability of the Leaf Water Content Index (LWCI) to determine leaf Relative Water content (RWC) of different with little adjustment (Jackson, 1982; Hunt et al., 1987). One such method is the Leaf Water Content Index

  12. LEAFing Through New Vehicle Technology | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    the vehicles online. The LEAF is a five-passenger hatchback, powered by advanced lithium-ion batteries - with a range of more than 100 miles on a single charge. The vehicle...

  13. The Culture of Cigar Leaf Tobacco in Texas. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olson, Otto

    1912-01-01

    , and the ~ good, sound leaves as wrappers. There is at present a decided de- mand for these wrappers, principally because of the fact that they closely resemble the imported Cuban wrapper. The veins of the leaf are small so that the entire leaf can be used... veins" on the leaves, and the average yield was 1000 pounds per acre. As the average cost of prodncing this class of tobacco is aho~it Q cents per pound, the margin of profit mas not very great. This low price, in connection with the high prices paid...

  14. Aphid-tending Ants Affect Secondary Users in Leaf Shelters and Rates of Herbivory on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanders, Nathan J.

    Aphid-tending Ants Affect Secondary Users in Leaf Shelters and Rates of Herbivory on Salix communities within leaf shelters on Hooker's willow (Salix hookeriana) in a coastal dune ecosystem in northern

  15. Cotton Leaf Grade as Influenced by Harvest Aid Regimes and Cultivar Characteristics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eder, Zachary Phillip

    2013-08-09

    Cotton, Gossypium hirsutum L., leaf grade values can significantly increase with remnants of leaf and bract materials, and can result in increased ginning costs and discounts to the producer. Cotton classed through the ...

  16. Understanding and predicting global leaf phenology using satellite observations of vegetation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caldararu, Silvia

    2013-07-01

    Leaf phenology refers to the timing of leaf life cycle events and is essential to our understanding of the earth system as it impacts the terrestrial carbon and water cycles and indirectly global climate through changes ...

  17. Human impacts on leaf economics in heterogeneous landscapes: the effect of harvesting non-timber forest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sack, Lawren

    Human impacts on leaf economics in heterogeneous landscapes: the effect of harvesting non tested the effect of foliage harvest by indigenous Fulani people on leaf stoichiometry and eco- nomics with world-wide trends in leaf economics. The effect of foliage harvest on foliar nutrient concentrations

  18. Major Evolutionary Trends in Hydrogen Isotope Fractionation of Vascular Plant Leaf Waxes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Erika J.

    Major Evolutionary Trends in Hydrogen Isotope Fractionation of Vascular Plant Leaf Waxes Li Gao1 States of America Abstract Hydrogen isotopic ratios of terrestrial plant leaf waxes (dD) have been widely in leaf wax dD values in different terrestrial vascular plants are still poorly understood, hampering

  19. Environmental control on eastern broadleaf forest species' leaf wax distributions and D/H ratios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Environmental control on eastern broadleaf forest species' leaf wax distributions and D/H ratios the degree to which an individual plant's leaf waxes D/H ratios are affected by these parameters remains- sitions of leaf wax n-alkanes, stem and surface waters were analyzed and compared against high

  20. Hydrogen isotopic variability in leaf waxes among terrestrial and aquatic plants around Blood Pond, Massachusetts (USA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Hydrogen isotopic variability in leaf waxes among terrestrial and aquatic plants around Blood Pond interpretation of the hydrogen isotope ratios of plant leaf waxes extracted from sediments requires a thor- ough at a single site to determine how leaf wax hydro- gen isotope (D/H) ratios differ in different plant types

  1. Environmental control on eastern broadleaf forest species' leaf wax distributions and D/H ratios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tipple, Brett

    Environmental control on eastern broadleaf forest species' leaf wax distributions and D/H ratios plant's leaf waxes D/H ratios are affected by these parameters remains in question. Understanding Coast of the US, from Florida to Maine. Hydrogen isotopic compo- sitions of leaf wax n-alkanes, stem

  2. Phenotypic Plasticity of Leaf Shape along a Temperature Gradient in Acer rubrum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royer, Dana

    Phenotypic Plasticity of Leaf Shape along a Temperature Gradient in Acer rubrum Dana L. Royer1 plasticity and genetic determination can be important for understanding how plants respond to environmental change. However, little is known about the plastic response of leaf teeth and leaf dissection

  3. PII S0016-7037(02)00964-X Leaf cellulose D and 18

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PII S0016-7037(02)00964-X Leaf cellulose D and 18 O trends with elevation differ in direction among of stable isotopes in fossil leaf cellulose could be enhanced by adequate calibration. This potential from rodent middens. Trends in D and 18 O of leaf cellulose were examined for three species growing

  4. Large seasonal swings in leaf area of Amazon rainforests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myneni, Ranga B.

    tropical forests stud- ied to date display seasonal variations in the presence of new leaves, flowers of 25% in a majority of the Amazon rainforests. This seasonal cycle is timed to the seasonality of solar radiation in a manner that is suggestive of anticipatory and opportunistic pat- terns of net leaf flushing

  5. Original article Energy balance storage terms and big-leaf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    for the determination of big leaf forest evapotranspiration are not of the utmost importance. energy storage / deciduous. The available energy is defined as the net radiation (Rn), from which the net change in energy storage within), biomass heat storage (Sv) and photosynthetic energy storage (Sp). Soil heat storage Sg can be further

  6. Oak Leaf Roller and Springtime Defoliation of Live Oak Trees 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drees, Bastiaan M.

    2004-03-26

    . Two such caterpillars are the oak leaf roller, Archips semiferana (Walker) (Lepi- doptera: Tortricidae), and an associated species, Sparga- nothis pettitana. These insects occur throughout Texas but are most destructive in the Hill Country and South... broad- rimmed hats and long-sleeved shirts while out- doors may also help prevent contact with these insects. Damage When a tree is defoliated during the growing season, it becomes stressed and occasionally seri- ous damage can occur. Green leaves...

  7. Defect Dynamics in Mesophases Jorge VIN~ALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vinals, Jorge

    that are required in the semiconductor industry.2­4) High density storage devices that are built on block for the development of a wide variety of nanostructured materials, or as templates, also at the nanoscale.1. The density of wires is high enough that if each post could be addressed individually, a maximum storage

  8. Phytologia (December 2009) 91(3) 571 VARIATION AMONG THE SMOOTH-LEAF MARGINED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    -coumarate: CoA Ligase, Abscisic acid-insensitive 3, petN, psbM, SNPs, taxonomy. The smooth-leaf margined

  9. A Tomato Detached Leaf Assay for Chemical Genomics of an HLB Model System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patne, S.; Eulgem, T.; Roose, M. L.

    2014-01-01

    Leaf Assay for Chemical Genomics of an HLB Model Systemapproach known as chemical genomics with Tomato “Psyllida model of HLB. Chemical genomics involves three key stages

  10. Leaf seal for transition duct in turbine system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Flanagan, James Scott; LeBegue, Jeffrey Scott; McMahan, Kevin Weston; Dillard, Daniel Jackson; Pentecost, Ronnie Ray

    2013-06-11

    A turbine system is disclosed. In one embodiment, the turbine system includes a transition duct. The transition duct includes an inlet, an outlet, and a passage extending between the inlet and the outlet and defining a longitudinal axis, a radial axis, and a tangential axis. The outlet of the transition duct is offset from the inlet along the longitudinal axis and the tangential axis. The transition duct further includes an interface member for interfacing with a turbine section. The turbine system further includes a leaf seal contacting the interface member to provide a seal between the interface member and the turbine section.

  11. AVTA: 2011 Nissan Leaf All-Electric Vehicle Testing Reports

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on an all-electric 2011 Nissan Leaf. The baseline performance testing provides a point of comparison for the other test results. Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  12. Amer. J. Bot. 74(9):1359-1372. 1987. LEAF TYPES IN THE ARACEAE1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ray, Thomas S.

    to the impact of shoot organization on leaf form, and to develop a leaf terminology that will aid in describing ve- nation, and shapes such as pinnate, hastate, perforate, digitate, pedate, entire, sagittate, etc the various types is provided. This classification ofleaftypes hasbeen pre- pared becausea recognition

  13. Global relationship of wood and leaf litter decomposability: the role of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    META ANALYSIS Global relationship of wood and leaf litter decomposability: the role of functional and their phylogenetic history influence decay rates of dead wood and leaf litter, but it remains unknown if decay rates of wood and litter covary over a wide range of tree species and across ecosystems. We evaluated

  14. Leaf Area Distribution of Tomato Plants as Influenced by Polyethylene Mulch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Decoteau, Dennis R.

    Leaf Area Distribution of Tomato Plants as Influenced by Polyethylene Mulch Surface Color Dennis R of polyethylene (plastic) mulch surface color (white versus black) on leaf area distribution of tomato and soil temperatures. These results suggest that the polyethylene mulch surface color can induce changes

  15. DOI: 10.1093/jxb/erf069 The hydraulic conductance of the angiosperm leaf lamina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holbrook, N. Michele

    , high- pressure method, hydraulic conductance, leaves, vacuum pump method. Introduction As liquid movesDOI: 10.1093/jxb/erf069 The hydraulic conductance of the angiosperm leaf lamina: a comparison the leaf lamina hydraulic conductance (Klamina) for detached mature leaves of six woody temperate

  16. Phytologia (April 2012) 94(1) 91 SEASONAL VARIATION IN THE LEAF ESSENTIAL OIL OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    Phytologia (April 2012) 94(1) 91 SEASONAL VARIATION IN THE LEAF ESSENTIAL OIL OF TAXODIUM DISTICHUM Robert_Adams@baylor.edu ABSTRACT The leaf essential oil of Taxodium distichum is dominated by -pinene (63-69%) with moderate amounts of limonene, - phellandrene, myrcene and -pinene. Oil yield increased from April (3.45 mg

  17. The relationship between leaf area growth and biomass accumulation in Arabidopsis thaliana

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Weraduwage, Sarathi M. [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Dept. of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology; Chen, Jin [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Dept. of Energy Plant Research Lab., Dept. of Computer Science; Anozie, Fransisca C. [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Dept. of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology; Morales, Alejandro [Wageningen Univ., Wageningen (Netherlands). Center for Crop Systems Analysis; Weise, Sean E. [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Dept. of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology; Sharkey, Thomas D. [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Dept. of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

    2015-04-09

    Leaf area growth determines the light interception capacity of a crop and is often used as a surrogate for plant growth in high-throughput phenotyping systems. The relationship between leaf area growth and growth in terms of mass will depend on how carbon is partitioned among new leaf area, leaf mass, root mass, reproduction, and respiration. A model of leaf area growth in terms of photosynthetic rate and carbon partitioning to different plant organs was developed and tested with Arabidopsis thaliana L. Heynh. ecotype Columbia (Col-0) and a mutant line, gigantea-2 (gi-2), which develops very large rosettes. Data obtained from growth analysis and gas exchange measurements was used to train a genetic programming algorithm to parameterize and test the above model. The relationship between leaf area and plant biomass was found to be non-linear and variable depending on carbon partitioning. The model output was sensitive to the rate of photosynthesis but more sensitive to the amount of carbon partitioned to growing thicker leaves. The large rosette size of gi-2 relative to that of Col-0 resulted from relatively small differences in partitioning to new leaf area vs. leaf thickness.

  18. Scientific paper A List of Eucalyptus Leaf Fungi and their Potential Importance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scientific paper A List of Eucalyptus Leaf Fungi and their Potential Importance to South African is made of the status of the fungi, and also of recent trends in Eucalyptus leaf pathology. INTRODUCTION Most of the approximately 600 Eucalyptus spp. and varieties are endemic to Australia and Papua New

  19. Mycosphaerella leaf disease (MLD) outbreak on Eucalyptus globulus in Brazil caused by Teratosphaeria (Mycosphaerella) nubilosa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    302 Mycosphaerella leaf disease (MLD) outbreak on Eucalyptus globulus in Brazil caused of young plantations of Eucalyptus globulus trees showing symptoms resembling My- cosphaerella leaf disease spread of T. nubilosa northwards into Brazil's main Eucalyptus-growing areas as well as to other South

  20. The interaction of chemicals and red light on growth of etiolated bean leaf disks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, John Lee

    1960-01-01

    were then separated and opened. The leaf disk was removed from the basal area of the leaf with a sharpened, sterilised cork borer, 5 mm in diameter. The disk was placed in the Petri dish with the lower epidermis upward and with the main lateral vein...

  1. Phytologia (January 2014) 96(1)28 The leaf essential oil of Juniperus formosana (Taiwan) compared

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    Phytologia (January 2014) 96(1)28 The leaf essential oil of Juniperus formosana (Taiwan) compared Biology, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan and Ge-lin Chu Institute of Botany, Northwest of Juniperus formosana, J. jackii and J. mairei are presented. The volatile leaf oil of J. formosana (Taiwan

  2. The relationship between leaf area growth and biomass accumulation in Arabidopsis thaliana

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Weraduwage, Sarathi M.; Chen, Jin; Anozie, Fransisca C.; Morales, Alejandro; Weise, Sean E.; Sharkey, Thomas D.

    2015-04-09

    Leaf area growth determines the light interception capacity of a crop and is often used as a surrogate for plant growth in high-throughput phenotyping systems. The relationship between leaf area growth and growth in terms of mass will depend on how carbon is partitioned among new leaf area, leaf mass, root mass, reproduction, and respiration. A model of leaf area growth in terms of photosynthetic rate and carbon partitioning to different plant organs was developed and tested with Arabidopsis thaliana L. Heynh. ecotype Columbia (Col-0) and a mutant line, gigantea-2 (gi-2), which develops very large rosettes. Data obtained from growthmore »analysis and gas exchange measurements was used to train a genetic programming algorithm to parameterize and test the above model. The relationship between leaf area and plant biomass was found to be non-linear and variable depending on carbon partitioning. The model output was sensitive to the rate of photosynthesis but more sensitive to the amount of carbon partitioned to growing thicker leaves. The large rosette size of gi-2 relative to that of Col-0 resulted from relatively small differences in partitioning to new leaf area vs. leaf thickness.« less

  3. Impact Assessment of Satellite-Derived Leaf Area Index Datasets Using a General Circulation Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xue, Yongkang

    Impact Assessment of Satellite-Derived Leaf Area Index Datasets Using a General Circulation Model the impact of two different remote sensing­derived leaf area index (RSLAI) datasets retrieved from the same using the RSLAI and other satellite-derived land surface products showed sub- stantial improvements

  4. Spatial variation of dosimetric leaf gap and its impact on dose delivery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kumaraswamy, Lalith K.; Schmitt, Jonathan D.; Bailey, Daniel W.; Xu, Zheng Zheng; Podgorsak, Matthew B.

    2014-11-01

    Purpose: During dose calculation, the Eclipse treatment planning system (TPS) retracts the multileaf collimator (MLC) leaf positions by half of the dosimetric leaf gap (DLG) value (measured at central axis) for all leaf positions in a dynamic MLC plan to accurately model the rounded leaf ends. The aim of this study is to map the variation of DLG along the travel path of each MLC leaf pair and quantify how this variation impacts delivered dose. Methods: 6 MV DLG values were measured for all MLC leaf pairs in increments of 1.0 cm (from the line intersecting the CAX and perpendicular to MLC motion) to 13.0 cm off axis distance at dmax. The measurements were performed on two Varian linear accelerators, both employing the Millennium 120-leaf MLCs. The measurements were performed at several locations in the beam with both a Sun Nuclear MapCHECK device and a PTW pinpoint ion chamber. Results: The measured DLGs for the middle 40 MLC leaf pairs (each 0.5 cm width) at positions along a line through the CAX and perpendicular to MLC leaf travel direction were very similar, varying maximally by only 0.2 mm. The outer 20 MLC leaf pairs (each 1.0 cm width) have much lower DLG values, about 0.3–0.5 mm lower than the central MLC leaf pair, at their respective central line position. Overall, the mean and the maximum variation between the 0.5 cm width leaves and the 1.0 cm width leaf pairs are 0.32 and 0.65 mm, respectively. Conclusions: The spatial variation in DLG is caused by the variation of intraleaf transmission through MLC leaves. Fluences centered on the CAX would not be affected since DLG does not vary; but any fluences residing significantly off axis with narrow sweeping leaves may exhibit significant dose differences. This is due to the fact that there are differences in DLG between the true DLG exhibited by the 1.0 cm width outer leaves and the constant DLG value utilized by the TPS for dose calculation. Since there are large differences in DLG between the 0.5 cm width leaf pairs and 1.0 cm width leaf pairs, there is a need to correct the TPS plans, especially those with high modulation (narrow dynamic MLC gap), with 2D variation of DLG.

  5. TOMATO: Lycopersicon esculentum (Mill.), `Florida 47' CONTROL OF SILVERLEAF WHITEFLY AND INCIDENCE OF TOMATO YELLOW LEAF CURL VIRUS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Lena

    AND INCIDENCE OF TOMATO YELLOW LEAF CURL VIRUS ON STAKED TOMATO WITH NEONICOTINOID AND OTHER INSECTICIDES, 2005 (SLW) and whitefly-borne tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) are major constraints to tomato

  6. AVTA: ARRA EV Project Nissan Leaf Data Summary Reports

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act supported a number of projects that together made up the largest ever deployment of plug-in electric vehicles and charging infrastructure in the U.S. The following reports provide summary overviews of the 5,700 all-electric Nissan Leafs deployed through the EV Project. It also deployed about 14,000 Level 2 PEV chargers and 300 DC fast chargers. Background data on how this data was collected is in the EV Project: About the Reports. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  7. AVTA: 2013 Nissan Leaf All-Electric Vehicle Testing Reports

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe early results of testing done on an all-electric 2013 Nissan Leaf. Baseline data, which provides a point of comparison for the other test results, was collected at two different research laboratories. Baseline and other data collected at Idaho National Laboratory is in the attached documents. Baseline and battery testing data collected at Argonne National Laboratory is available in summary and CSV form on the Argonne Downloadable Dynometer Database site (http://www.anl.gov/energy-systems/group/downloadable-dynamometer-databas...). Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing.

  8. Backyard Leaf Composting Franklin Flower, Extension Specialist Emeritus in Environmental Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rainforth, Emma C.

    Backyard Leaf Composting Franklin Flower, Extension Specialist Emeritus in Environmental Science. Thisprocessinvolves primarily the microbial decomposition of organic matter. Compost - the end result - is a dark. The Composting Process Compostingspeedsnaturaldecompositionundersemi- controlled conditions. Raw organic

  9. Inheritance of Parthenocarpy in the little leaf cucumber (Cucumis sativus, L.) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Albrecht, David William

    1994-01-01

    The parthenocarpic trait in the little leaf cucumber was determined to be inherited by an incompletely dominant gene (P) . The early parthenocarpic class, genotype PP, generally produces five or more fruit beginning by the sixth node. Fewer fruits...

  10. Molecular and cytological analysis of a novel leaf rust resistance gene in wheat 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franks, Cleve Douglas

    2002-01-01

    A novel wheat leaf rust resistance gene from Aegilops cylindricum accession TTCC295 was investigated, using both cytogenetic and molecular tools. Previous work had introgressed this gene into adapted wheat germplasm, which was crossed to 'Chinese...

  11. Williams et al. Chapter 6 : CO2 capture from the leaf to the landscape

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    area (m2 ), P is atmospheric pressure (Pa), R the gas constant, TK absolute temperature and d stomatal conductance from that of an individual stoma to the whole leaf using theoretical considerations

  12. In vitro propagation and chimeral traits of Cryptanthus 'Marian Oppenheimer' (wide leaf clone) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koh, Yong Cheong

    1994-01-01

    to regenerate plantlets. True to type, green and albino plantlets were obtained from callus produced by the leaves of greenhouse grown Cryptanthus 'Marian Oppenheimer' (wide leaf clone) which is terrestrial ornamental bromeliad in the form of a rosette whose...

  13. Mycosphaerellaceae and Teratosphaeriaceae associated with Eucalyptus leaf diseases and stem cankers in Uruguay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mycosphaerellaceae and Teratosphaeriaceae associated with Eucalyptus leaf diseases and stem cankers represent one of the most important impediments to Eucalyptus plantation forestry. Yet they have been resulting from surveys in all major Eucalyptus growing areas of the country. Species identification

  14. A remarkable new leaf-cutter bee from Thailand (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engel, Michael S.; Baker, D. B.

    2006-01-01

    A remarkable new species of leaf-cutter bee, Megachile trichorhytisma ENGEL sp. n., is described and figured from two males collected in northern Thailand. The species is placed in a new subgenus, Aethomegachile ENGEL & BAKER subgen. n...

  15. Tolerances on MLC leaf position accuracy for IMRT delivery with a dynamic MLC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rangel, Alejandra; Dunscombe, Peter [Department of Medical Physics, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, 1331-29 Street NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 4N2 (Canada) and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4 (Canada); Department of Medical Physics, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, 1331-29 Street NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 4N2 (Canada); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4 (Canada) and Department of Oncology, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, 1331-29 Street NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 4N2 (Canada)

    2009-07-15

    The objective determination of performance standards for radiation therapy equipment requires, ideally, establishing the quantitative relationship between performance deviations and clinical outcome or some acceptable surrogate. In this simulation study the authors analyzed the dosimetric impact of random (leaf by leaf) and systematic (entire leaf bank) errors in the position of the MLC leaves on seven clinical prostate and seven clinical head and neck IMRT plans delivered using a dynamic MLC. In-house software was developed to incorporate normally distributed errors of up to {+-}2 mm in individual leaf position or systematic errors ({+-}1 and {+-}0.5 mm in all leaves of both leaf banks or +1 mm in one bank only) into the 14 plans, thus simulating treatment delivery using a suboptimally performing MLC. The dosimetric consequences of suboptimal MLC performance were quantified using the equivalent uniform doses (EUDs) of the clinical target volumes and important organs at risk (OARs). The deviation of the EUDs of the selected structures as the performance of the MLC deteriorated was used as the objective surrogate of clinical outcome. Random errors of 2 mm resulted in negligible changes for all structures of interest in both sites. In contrast, systematic errors can lead to potentially significant dosimetric changes that may compromise clinical outcome. If a 2% change in EUD of the target and 2 Gy for the OARs were adopted as acceptable levels of deviation in dose due to MLC effects alone, then systematic errors in leaf position will need to be limited to 0.3 mm. This study provides guidance, based on a dosimetric surrogate of clinical outcome, for the development of one component, leaf position accuracy of performance standards for multileaf collimators.

  16. Turning over a new `leaf': multiple functional significances of leaves versus phyllodes in Hawaiian Acacia koapce_2207 2084..2100

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sack, Lawren

    gas exchange, structure and composition, hydraulic con- ductance, and responses to varying light including stomatal pore area per leaf area, leaf area-based gas exchange rates and cuticular conductance & Zeiger 2006). We assessed the functional conse- quences of heteroblasty in Acacia koa (koa; Fig. 1

  17. Leaf epicuticular wax ultrastructure and trichome presence on Russian wheat aphid (Diuraphis noxia) resistant and susceptible leaves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leaf epicuticular wax ultrastructure and trichome presence on Russian wheat aphid (Diuraphis noxia wax ultrastructure and leaf trichomes were examined on two Russian wheat aphid-susceptible wheat. Comparison of the scanning electron micrographs showed that the epicuticular wax structure was similar

  18. Evidence for water use efficiency as an important factor in determining the dD values of tree leaf waxes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    leaf waxes Juzhi Hou, William J. D'Andrea, Dana MacDonald, Yongsong Huang * Department of Geological waxes can provide useful information about past climate change. However, factors con- trolling dD values of higher plant leaf waxes (dDwax) are poorly understood. Here we show that dDwax values are negatively

  19. Acclimation of leaf hydraulic conductance and stomatal conductance of Pinus taeda (loblolly pine) to long-term

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oren, Ram

    Acclimation of leaf hydraulic conductance and stomatal conductance of Pinus taeda (loblolly pine, 3041 Cornwallis Road, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA ABSTRACT We investigated how leaf hydraulic availability and the hydraulic regulation of the stomata (Katul, Leuning & Oren 2003). Understanding

  20. Phytologia (November 2013) 95(4)288 Leaf essential oils of Juniperus in central and southern Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    Phytologia (November 2013) 95(4)288 Leaf essential oils of Juniperus in central and southern Iran Tehran 14115-154, Iran. ABSTRACT Leaf essential oils from Juniperus from southern Iran were analyzed oils from southern Iran were mainly in two groups: high cedrol (cf. J. excelsa, J. polycarpos and J

  1. Aridity and vegetation composition are important determinants of leaf-wax dD values in southeastern Mexico and Central America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aridity and vegetation composition are important determinants of leaf-wax dD values in southeastern September 2012 Abstract Leaf-wax hydrogen isotope composition (dDwax) is increasingly applied as a proxy remain poorly understood. We measured dDwax and the stable carbon isotope composition of leaf-waxes (d13

  2. Parallel adaptive origins of digestive RNases in Asian and African leaf monkeys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Jianzhi

    Parallel adaptive origins of digestive RNases in Asian and African leaf monkeys Jianzhi Zhang-directed mutagenesis show that the new genes acquired enhanced digestive efficiencies through parallel amino acid replacements driven by darwinian selection. They also lost a non-digestive function independently, under

  3. How to safely compost Cameraria ohridella-infested horse chestnut leaf litter on private compost heaps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    How to safely compost Cameraria ohridella-infested horse chestnut leaf litter on private compost the deposition of pest-infested litter on private compost heaps was dissuaded because of the risk of leafminer emergence in the following spring. Thus, the aim of this study was to test safe ways to compost pest

  4. Using Leaf Compost Roy L. Flannery, Specialist in Soils, Emeritus and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rainforth, Emma C.

    Using Leaf Compost Roy L. Flannery, Specialist in Soils, Emeritus and Franklin Flower, Specialist in Environmental Science, Emeritus Composting involves primarily the microbial decomposition of organic matter. Compost - the end product - is a dark, friable, partially decomposed substance similar to natural organic

  5. Water Stress Inhibits Hydraulic Conductance and Leaf Growth in Rice Seedlings but Not the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neumann, Peter M.

    Water Stress Inhibits Hydraulic Conductance and Leaf Growth in Rice Seedlings but Not the Transport of Water via Mercury-Sensitive Water Channels in the Root1 Zhongjin Lu and Peter M. Neumann* Plant of Technology, Haifa 32000, Israel The mechanisms by which moderate water stress (adding poly- ethylene glycol

  6. Intercellular trafficking of a KNOTTED1 green fluorescent protein fusion in the leaf and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, David

    Intercellular trafficking of a KNOTTED1 green fluorescent protein fusion in the leaf and shoot Jackson¶ Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Watson School of Biological Sciences, 1 Bungtown Road, Cold Spring between epidermal cells of Arabidopsis and onion. When expressed in vivo, the GFP KN1 fusion trafficked

  7. Aortic Valve Turning Over a New Leaf(let) in Endothelial Phenotypic Heterogeneity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simmons, Craig A.

    Aortic Valve Turning Over a New Leaf(let) in Endothelial Phenotypic Heterogeneity Peter F. Davies, Anthony G. Passerini, Craig A. Simmons A ortic valve diseases are debilitating cardiovascular disorders the longevity of replacement valves and to improve tissue engineered substitutes,1 the underlying mech- anisms

  8. The Role of Leaf Epicuticular Wax an Improved Adaptation to Moisture Deficit Environments in Wheat 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohammed, Suheb

    2014-05-02

    recombinants and 2 replications was used with two distinct treatments (water deficit and control conditions) at each of 5 environments. The inheritance of leaf EW was low (15%) due to a high environmental influence. The RILs grown under water deficit produced...

  9. Mycosphaerella species associated with leaf disease of Eucalyptus globulus in Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mycosphaerella species associated with leaf disease of Eucalyptus globulus in Ethiopia By Alemu), University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa. E-mail: jolanda.roux@fabi.up.ac.za Summary Eucalyptus are known from Eucalyptus spp. worldwide. Of these, Mycosphaerella spp. are among the most important

  10. Performance of an Herbivorous Leaf Beetle (Phratora vulgatissima) on Salix F2 Hybrids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Performance of an Herbivorous Leaf Beetle (Phratora vulgatissima) on Salix F2 Hybrids a population of F2 hybrids that originated from a cross between a Salix viminalis and a Salix dasyclados the importance of different phenolic compounds for Salix resistance to the targeted insect species

  11. Reactive uptake of ozone at simulated leaf surfaces: implications for "non-stomatal" ozone flux 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cape, J Neil; Hamilton, Richard P; Heal, Mathew R

    2009-01-01

    The reaction of ozone (O3) with ?-pinene has been studied as a function of temperature and relative humidity and in the presence of wax surfaces that simulate a leaf surface. The objective was to determine whether the presence of a wax surface...

  12. The fracture toughness of the leaf of the dicotyledon Calophyllum inophyllum L. (Guttiferae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berrick, A J.

    The fracture toughness of the leaf of the dicotyledon Calophyllum inophyllum L. (Guttiferae) P. W 96 98 102 105 SUMMARY The fracture toughness (specific workoffracture) ofthe leafofthe dicotyledonous. Toughness was found to depend on the presence of veins in the fracture path, with both tensile and cutting

  13. Phytologia (April 2010) 92(1) 31 GEOGRAPHIC VARIATION IN THE LEAF ESSENTIAL OILS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    CEDRUS WEBB. & BERTHOL. FROM MADEIRA AND THE CANARY ISLANDS. Robert P. Adams Biology Department, Baylor and Evolution Research Group (IPNA-CSIC), 38206 La Laguna, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain Susana S. Fontinha, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain ABSTRACT The volatile leaf oils of J. cedrus from Madeira, Gran Canaria, La

  14. How many electric miles do Nissan Leafs and Chevrolet Volts in The EV Project travel?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John Smart

    2014-05-01

    This paper presents travel statistics and metrics describing the driving behavior of Nissan Leaf and Chevrolet Volt drivers in the EV Project. It specifically quantifies the distance each group of vehicles drives each month. This paper will be published to INL's external website and will be accessible by the general public.

  15. Driving and Charging Behavior of Nissan Leafs in The EV Project with Access to Workplace Charging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Don Scoffield; Shawn Salisbury; John Smart

    2014-11-01

    This paper documents findings from analysis of data collected from Nissan Leafs enrolled in The EV Project who parked and charged at workplaces with EV charging equipment. It will be published as a white paper on INL's website, accessible by the general public.

  16. Workplace Charging Behavior of Nissan Leafs in The EV Project at Six Work Sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David Rohrbaugh; John Smart

    2014-11-01

    This paper documents findings from analysis of data collected from Nissan Leafs enrolled in The EV Project who parked and charged at six workplaces with EV charging equipment. It will be published as a white paper on INL's website, accessible by the general public.

  17. by raising CO2 levels around the leaf3 manner conceptually similar to adding a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, James J.

    by raising CO2 levels around the leaf3 in a manner conceptually similar to adding a CCM photo- synthetic CO2 fixation. CCMs have evolved independently in cyanobacteria, microalgae and some a series of membrane- based pumps for CO2 and bicarbonate (HCO3 - ), and special microcompartments called

  18. Modelling CO2 diffusion and assimilation in a leaf with axisymmetric finite volumes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herbin, Raphaèle

    Modelling CO2 diffusion and assimilation in a leaf with axisymmetric finite volumes Emily Gallouët. This paper deals with the numerical simulation of the diffusion and assimilation by photosynthesis of CO2 medium, from experimental measurements of the pointwise value of internal CO2 concentration, giving some

  19. What kind of charging infrastructure do Nissan Leaf drivers in The EV Project use?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shawn Salisbury

    2014-09-01

    This document will describe the charging behavior of Nissan Leaf battery electric vehicles that were enrolled in the EV Project. It will include aggregated data from several thousand vehicles regarding time-of-day, power level, and location of charging and driving events. This document is a white paper that will be published on the INL AVTA website.

  20. Effect of snails (Elimia clavaeformis) on phosphorus cycling in stream periphyton and leaf detritus communities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jay, E.A. [North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill, NC (United States)

    1993-10-01

    In this study, the author examined the effect of grazing on phosphorus cycling in stream periphyton and leaf detritus communities using the snail Elimia clavaeformis. Phosphorus cycling fluxes and turnover rates were measured in a laboratory and in a natural stream, respectively, using radioactive tracer techniques.

  1. Recent Leaf-Litter-Derived Carbon Is Not a Major Source for Mineral Soil Microbial Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Post, Wilfred M.

    Recent Leaf-Litter-Derived Carbon Is Not a Major Source for Mineral Soil Microbial Communities mineral soil microbes. ·The results provided quantitative evidence that root-derived C is the major (>60: Microbial communities in soil A horizons derive their carbon from several potential sources: organic carbon

  2. Defining the Molecular and Physiological Role of Leaf Cuticular Waxes in Reproductive Stage Heat Tolerane in Wheat 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mondal, Suchismita

    2012-07-16

    environments. For the first objective, thirteen wheat cultivars were subjected to a 2-day heat treatment at 38 degrees C at 10 days after pollination (DAP). Leaf cuticular waxes, canopy temperature depression and stomatal conductance were estimated during...

  3. Where do Nissan Leaf drivers in The EV Project charge when they have the opportunity to charge at work?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John Smart; Don Scoffield

    2014-03-01

    This paper invesigates where Nissan Leaf drivers in the EV Project charge when they have the opportunity to charge at work. Do they charge at work, home, or some other location?

  4. Sorghum Silages and Dehydrated Alfalfa Leaf Meal as Sources of Carotene in Beef Cattle Fattening Rations. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, John H.

    1944-01-01

    [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] Carotene as contained in dehydrated alfalfa meal was apparently better utilized for vitamin A activity than carotene in either sweet sorghum or grain sorghum silage. Carotene as contained in the two sorghum... silages seemed to be about equally utilized. Sweet sorghum silage such as sumac or red ~p cane silage contained approximately twice as much car- tene as the grain sorghum silages such as kafir, milo, and egari silage. The dehydrated alfalfa leaf meal...

  5. Determining Genetic Overlap between Staygreen, Leaf Wax and Canopy Temperature Depression in Sorghum RILs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Awika, Henry

    2012-07-16

    major reduction in water demand by crops for food, bioenergy and feed. Enhanced manipulation and selection for drought resistance therefore becomes imperative. From the water loss perspective, high leaf wax has been positively correlated with a... with area 3.85cm 2. For 1dm2 = EWL*100/3.85, where: UA590 = absorbance of sample (unknown optical density). 2.2.4 Canopy temperature depression Temperature was taken from the flag leaves between 11.45 am and 1.45pm when correlation of CTD at anthesis...

  6. The fungus gardens of leaf-cutter ants undergo a distinct physiological transition during biomass degradation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, Eric L.; Aylward, Frank O.; Kim, Young-Mo; Webb-Robertson, Bobbie-Jo M.; Nicora, Carrie D.; Hu, Zeping; Metz, Thomas O.; Lipton, Mary S.; Smith, Richard D.; Currie, Cameron R.; Burnum-Johnson, Kristin E.

    2014-08-01

    Leaf-cutter ants are dominant herbivores in ecosystems throughout the Neotropics. Rather than directly consuming the fresh foliar biomass they harvest, these ants use it to cultivate specialized fungus gardens. Although recent investigations have shed light on how plant biomass is degraded in fungus gardens, the cycling of nutrients that takes place in these specialized microbial ecosystems is still not well understood. Here, using metametabolomics and metaproteomics techniques, we examine the dynamics of nutrient turnover and biosynthesis in these gardens. Our results reveal that numerous free amino acids and sugars are depleted throughout the process of biomass degradation, indicating that easily accessible nutrients from plant material are readily consumed by microbes in these ecosystems. Accumulation of cellobiose and lignin derivatives near the end of the degradation process is consistent with previous findings of cellulases and laccases produced by Leucoagaricus gongylophorus, the fungus cultivated by leaf-cutter ants. Our results also suggest that ureides may be an important source of nitrogen in fungus gardens, especially during nitrogen-limiting conditions. No free arginine was detected in our metametabolomics experiments despite evidence that the host ants cannot produce this amino acid, suggesting that biosynthesis of this metabolite may be tightly regulated in the fungus garden. These results provide new insights into the dynamics of nutrient cycling that underlie this important ant-fungus symbiosis.

  7. Soybean leaf hydraulic conductance does not acclimate to growth at elevated [CO2] or temperature in growth chambers or in the field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sack, Lawren

    Soybean leaf hydraulic conductance does not acclimate to growth at elevated [CO2] or temperature Leaf hydraulic properties are strongly linked with transpiration and photosynthesis in many species. However, it is not known if gas exchange and hydraulics will have co-ordinated responsesto climate change

  8. Molecular Markers Associated with Water Use Efficiency and Leaf Ash in Soybean M. A. R. Mian, M. A. Bailey, D. A. Ashley,* R. Wells, T. E. Carter, Jr.,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parrott, Wayne

    Molecular Markers Associated with Water Use Efficiency and Leaf Ash in Soybean M. A. R. Mian, M. A ash (LASH) generally related to WUE.A restriction fragmentlength polymorphism (RFLP)mapwas constructed. Maylandet al. (1993) found that ash concentration (leaf and stem) of crested wheatgrass [Agropyron

  9. I HC HAWAI`I TI MNOA THNG TIN CHO SINH VIN QUC T

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    bang Hawai`i, Hoa K NM THÀNH LP: 1907 KIM NH CHT LNG: Hip Hi các trng Ph thông và i hc Min Tây Hoa K DIN TÍCH: 1,3 km2 S LNG SINH VIÊN NHP HC: 20.006 S LNG SINH VIÊN QUC T: 2.351 QUY MÔ LP HC: 21 sinh viên T L SINH VIÊN/GING VIÊN: 14/1 S LNG GING VIÊN TRÌNH TIN S: 85% CHNG TRÌNH ÀO TO H C NHÂN*: 112

  10. Materials Data on VIn2O5 (SG:62) by Materials Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kristin Persson

    2014-11-02

    Computed materials data using density functional theory calculations. These calculations determine the electronic structure of bulk materials by solving approximations to the Schrodinger equation. For more information, see https://materialsproject.org/docs/calculations

  11. Solution structure and functional analysis of a frameshift-stimulating RNA pseudoknot from sugarcane yellow leaf virus 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cornish, Peter Verle

    2006-04-12

    for maintaining frameshifting efficiency and pseudoknot stability. A proposed P1-P2 mRNA pseudoknot from sugarcane yellow leaf virus (ScYLV) was of interest since it contained two adenosine to cytidine substitutions in L2. Functional analysis shows...

  12. Re-evaluating the role of ascorbic acid and phenolic glycosides in ozone scavenging in the leaf apoplast of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Alan M.

    Re-evaluating the role of ascorbic acid and phenolic glycosides in ozone scavenging in the leaf, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA ABSTRACT Phenolic glycosides are effective reactive oxygen scaven- gers of ascorbic acid (AA) and phenolic glycosides in Arabidopsis thaliana L. Col-0 wild-type plants were

  13. Impacts of elevated CO2 and O3 on aspen leaf litter chemistry and earthworm and springtail productivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Impacts of elevated CO2 and O3 on aspen leaf litter chemistry and earthworm and springtail few studies have considered how CO2- and O3-induced changes in litter quality will affect decomposition. Although the fraction of litter carbon respired by soil invertebrates is fairly small

  14. Summary Pinus taeda L. stomata respond slowly to changes in irradiance. Because incident irradiance on a leaf varies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teskey, Robert O.

    Summary Pinus taeda L. stomata respond slowly to changes in irradiance. Because incident irradiance on a leaf varies constantly, the rate of change in stomatal conductance to fluc- tuating irradiance may have with very different irradiance patterns, assuming that rates of stomatal opening and closing were similar

  15. In tobacco leaf epidermal cells, the integrity of protein export from the endoplasmic reticulum and of ER export sites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    In tobacco leaf epidermal cells, the integrity of protein export from the endoplasmic reticulum and of ER export sites depends on active COPI machinery Giovanni Stefano1, , Luciana Renna1, , Laurent between COPI and COPII for the maintenance of ER protein export, the mechanisms by which COPI influences

  16. Coordination of stem and leaf hydraulic conductance in southern California shrubs: a test of the hydraulic segmentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sack, Lawren

    Coordination of stem and leaf hydraulic conductance in southern California shrubs: a test of the hydraulic segmentation hypothesis Alexandria L. Pivovaroff1 , Lawren Sack2 and Louis S. Santiago1 1 2014 New Phytologist (2014) 203: 842­850 doi: 10.1111/nph.12850 Key words: chaparral, hydraulic

  17. TOMATO: Lycopersicon esculentum (Mill.) `Florida 47' `Tygress' CONTROL OF SILVERLEAF WHITEFLY AND INCIDENCE OF TOMATO YELLOW LEAF CURL VIRUS ON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Lena

    AND INCIDENCE OF TOMATO YELLOW LEAF CURL VIRUS ON STAKED TOMATO WITH INSECTICIDES AND RESISTANT VARIETIES, 2006 to whitefly-borne tomato yellow leafcurl virus (TYLCV) is a major constraint to tomato production in southwest-susceptible `Florida 47' and left untreated to serve as the untreated check and as source of whiteflies and virus

  18. Global estimation of evapotranspiration using a leaf area index-based surface energy and water balance model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Timothy

    -relative-humidity-based two-source (ARTS) E model that simulates the surface energy balance, soil water balanceGlobal estimation of evapotranspiration using a leaf area index-based surface energy and water balance model H. Yan a, , S.Q. Wang b , D. Billesbach c , W. Oechel d , J.H. Zhang e , T. Meyers f , T

  19. Summary In July 1993, we measured leaf conductance, carbon dioxide (CO2) assimilation, and transpiration in a Larix

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Summary In July 1993, we measured leaf conductance, carbon dioxide (CO2) assimilation to the value of 1.45 mm day-1 calculated from the energy balance and soil evaporation, and less than the value of 2.1mmday-1 measured by xylem flux. Daytime canopy carbon assimilation, expressed on a ground area

  20. American Journal of Botany 96(4): 738750. 2009. The sensitivity of leaf teeth to climate is well known and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royer, Dana

    , soil depth, slope, elevation, fire return frequency, disturbance; see Table 1), growth form (liana). The primary goal of this study is to examine how ecological attributes related to disturbance, water to resprout after disturbance, and leaf size, lobing, and compounding; see Table 2). Our specific hypotheses

  1. Experimental evidence for the interacting effects of forest edge, moisture and soil macrofauna on leaf litter decomposition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malhi, Yadvinder

    , Oxford OX2 7DE, UK d Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Maclean Building, Crowmarsh Gifford, Wallingford radiation and wind at forest edges reduces soil moisture, which in turn affects leaf litter decomposition 12% today, and 75% of the patches are now less than 2 ha (Watts, 2006). Such small forests

  2. A Phenological Legacy: Leafing and flowering data for lilacs and honeysuckles 1956-2014

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rosemartin, Alyssa; Denny, Ellen G.; Weltzin, Jake F.; Marsh, Lee; Wilson, Bruce E; Mehdipoor, Hamed; Zurita-Milla, Raul; Schwartz, Mark D

    2015-07-21

    The dataset is comprised of leafing and flowering data collected across the continental United States from 1956 to 2014 for purple common lilac (Syringa vulgaris), a cloned lilac cultivar (S. x chinensis Red Rothomagensis ) and two cloned honeysuckle cultivars (Lonicera tartarica Arnold Red and L. korolkowii Zabeli ). Applications of this observational dataset range from detecting regional weather patterns to understanding the impacts of global climate change on the onset of spring at the national scale. While minor changes in methods have occurred over time, and some documentation is lacking, outlier analyses identified fewer than 3% of records as unusually early or late. Lilac and honeysuckle phenology data have proven robust in both model development and climatic research.

  3. A Phenological Legacy: Leafing and flowering data for lilacs and honeysuckles 1956-2014

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Rosemartin, Alyssa; Denny, Ellen G.; Weltzin, Jake F.; Marsh, Lee; Wilson, Bruce E; Mehdipoor, Hamed; Zurita-Milla, Raul; Schwartz, Mark D

    2015-07-21

    The dataset is comprised of leafing and flowering data collected across the continental United States from 1956 to 2014 for purple common lilac (Syringa vulgaris), a cloned lilac cultivar (S. x chinensis Red Rothomagensis ) and two cloned honeysuckle cultivars (Lonicera tartarica Arnold Red and L. korolkowii Zabeli ). Applications of this observational dataset range from detecting regional weather patterns to understanding the impacts of global climate change on the onset of spring at the national scale. While minor changes in methods have occurred over time, and some documentation is lacking, outlier analyses identified fewer than 3% of records asmore »unusually early or late. Lilac and honeysuckle phenology data have proven robust in both model development and climatic research.« less

  4. Moderate forest disturbance as a stringent test for gap and big-leaf models

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Bond-Lamberty, Benjamin; Fisk, Justin P.; Holm, Jennifer; Bailey, Vanessa L.; Bohrer, Gil; Gough, Christopher

    2015-01-27

    Disturbance-induced tree mortality is a key factor regulating the carbon balance of a forest, but tree mortality and its subsequent effects are poorly represented processes in terrestrial ecosystem models. It is thus unclear whether models can robustly simulate moderate (non-catastrophic) disturbances, which tend to increase biological and structural complexity and are increasingly common in aging US forests. We tested whether three forest ecosystem models – Biome-BGC (BioGeochemical Cycles), a classic big-leaf model, and the ZELIG and ED (Ecosystem Demography) gap-oriented models – could reproduce the resilience to moderate disturbance observed in an experimentally manipulated forest (the Forest Accelerated Succession Experimentmore »in northern Michigan, USA, in which 38% of canopy dominants were stem girdled and compared to control plots). Each model was parameterized, spun up, and disturbed following similar protocols and run for 5 years post-disturbance. The models replicated observed declines in aboveground biomass well. Biome-BGC captured the timing and rebound of observed leaf area index (LAI), while ZELIG and ED correctly estimated the magnitude of LAI decline. None of the models fully captured the observed post-disturbance C fluxes, in particular gross primary production or net primary production (NPP). Biome-BGC NPP was correctly resilient but for the wrong reasons, and could not match the absolute observational values. ZELIG and ED, in contrast, exhibited large, unobserved drops in NPP and net ecosystem production. The biological mechanisms proposed to explain the observed rapid resilience of the C cycle are typically not incorporated by these or other models. It is thus an open question whether most ecosystem models will simulate correctly the gradual and less extensive tree mortality characteristic of moderate disturbances.« less

  5. The sensitivity of patient specific IMRT QC to systematic MLC leaf bank offset errors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rangel, Alejandra; Palte, Gesa; Dunscombe, Peter [Department of Medical Physics, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, 1331-29 Street NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 4N2, Canada and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive North West, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4 (Canada); Department of Medical Physics, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, 1331-29 Street NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 4N2 (Canada); Department of Medical Physics, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, 1331-29 Street NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 4N2 (Canada); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4 (Canada) and Department of Oncology, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, 1331-29 Street NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 4N2 (Canada)

    2010-07-15

    Purpose: Patient specific IMRT QC is performed routinely in many clinics as a safeguard against errors and inaccuracies which may be introduced during the complex planning, data transfer, and delivery phases of this type of treatment. The purpose of this work is to evaluate the feasibility of detecting systematic errors in MLC leaf bank position with patient specific checks. Methods: 9 head and neck (H and N) and 14 prostate IMRT beams were delivered using MLC files containing systematic offsets ({+-}1 mm in two banks, {+-}0.5 mm in two banks, and 1 mm in one bank of leaves). The beams were measured using both MAPCHECK (Sun Nuclear Corp., Melbourne, FL) and the aS1000 electronic portal imaging device (Varian Medical Systems, Palo Alto, CA). Comparisons with calculated fields, without offsets, were made using commonly adopted criteria including absolute dose (AD) difference, relative dose difference, distance to agreement (DTA), and the gamma index. Results: The criteria most sensitive to systematic leaf bank offsets were the 3% AD, 3 mm DTA for MAPCHECK and the gamma index with 2% AD and 2 mm DTA for the EPID. The criterion based on the relative dose measurements was the least sensitive to MLC offsets. More highly modulated fields, i.e., H and N, showed greater changes in the percentage of passing points due to systematic MLC inaccuracy than prostate fields. Conclusions: None of the techniques or criteria tested is sufficiently sensitive, with the population of IMRT fields, to detect a systematic MLC offset at a clinically significant level on an individual field. Patient specific QC cannot, therefore, substitute for routine QC of the MLC itself.

  6. Moderate forest disturbance as a stringent test for gap and big-leaf models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bond-Lamberty, Benjamin; Fisk, Justin P.; Holm, Jennifer; Bailey, Vanessa L.; Bohrer, Gil; Gough, Christopher

    2015-01-01

    Disturbance-induced tree mortality is a key factor regulating the carbon balance of a forest, but tree mortality and its subsequent effects are poorly represented processes in terrestrial ecosystem models. It is thus unclear whether models can robustly simulate moderate (non-catastrophic) disturbances, which tend to increase biological and structural complexity and are increasingly common in aging US forests. We tested whether three forest ecosystem models – Biome-BGC (BioGeochemical Cycles), a classic big-leaf model, and the ZELIG and ED (Ecosystem Demography) gap-oriented models – could reproduce the resilience to moderate disturbance observed in an experimentally manipulated forest (the Forest Accelerated Succession Experiment in northern Michigan, USA, in which 38% of canopy dominants were stem girdled and compared to control plots). Each model was parameterized, spun up, and disturbed following similar protocols and run for 5 years post-disturbance. The models replicated observed declines in aboveground biomass well. Biome-BGC captured the timing and rebound of observed leaf area index (LAI), while ZELIG and ED correctly estimated the magnitude of LAI decline. None of the models fully captured the observed post-disturbance C fluxes, in particular gross primary production or net primary production (NPP). Biome-BGC NPP was correctly resilient but for the wrong reasons, and could not match the absolute observational values. ZELIG and ED, in contrast, exhibited large, unobserved drops in NPP and net ecosystem production. The biological mechanisms proposed to explain the observed rapid resilience of the C cycle are typically not incorporated by these or other models. It is thus an open question whether most ecosystem models will simulate correctly the gradual and less extensive tree mortality characteristic of moderate disturbances.

  7. TH-E-BRE-05: Analysis of Dosimetric Characteristics in Two Leaf Motion Calculator Algorithms for Sliding Window IMRT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, L; Huang, B; Rowedder, B; Ma, B; Kuang, Y

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: The Smart leaf motion calculator (SLMC) in Eclipse treatment planning system is an advanced fluence delivery modeling algorithm as it takes into account fine MLC features including inter-leaf leakage, rounded leaf tips, non-uniform leaf thickness, and the spindle cavity etc. In this study, SLMC and traditional Varian LMC (VLMC) algorithms were investigated, for the first time, in dosimetric characteristics and delivery accuracy of sliding window (SW) IMRT. Methods: The SW IMRT plans of 51 cancer cases were included to evaluate dosimetric characteristics and dose delivery accuracy from leaf motion calculated by SLMC and VLMC, respectively. All plans were delivered using a Varian TrueBeam Linac. The DVH and MUs of the plans were analyzed. Three patient specific QA tools - independent dose calculation software IMSure, Delta4 phantom, and EPID portal dosimetry were also used to measure the delivered dose distribution. Results: Significant differences in the MUs were observed between the two LMCs (p?0.001).Gamma analysis shows an excellent agreement between the planned dose distribution calculated by both LMC algorithms and delivered dose distribution measured by three QA tools in all plans at 3%/3 mm, leading to a mean pass rate exceeding 97%. The mean fraction of pixels with gamma < 1 of SLMC is slightly lower than that of VLMC in the IMSure and Delta4 results, but higher in portal dosimetry (the highest spatial resolution), especially in complex cases such as nasopharynx. Conclusion: The study suggests that the two LMCs generates the similar target coverage and sparing patterns of critical structures. However, SLMC is modestly more accurate than VLMC in modeling advanced MLC features, which may lead to a more accurate dose delivery in SW IMRT. Current clinical QA tools might not be specific enough to differentiate the dosimetric discrepancies at the millimeter level calculated by these two LMC algorithms. NIH/NIGMS grant U54 GM104944, Lincy Endowed Assistant Professorship.

  8. Steady state estimation of soil organic carbon using satellite-derived canopy leaf area index

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Fang, Yilin; Liu, Chongxuan; Huang, Maoyi; Li, Hongyi; Leung, Lai-Yung R.

    2014-12-02

    Soil organic carbon (SOC) plays a key role in the global carbon cycle that is important for decadal-to-century climate prediction. Estimation of soil organic carbon stock using model-based methods typically requires spin-up (time marching transient simulation) of the carbon-nitrogen (CN) models by performing hundreds to thousands years long simulations until the carbon-nitrogen pools reach dynamic steady-state. This has become a bottleneck for global modeling and analysis, especially when testing new physical and/or chemical mechanisms and evaluating parameter sensitivity. Here we report a new numerical approach to estimate global soil carbon stock that can avoid the long term spin-up of themore »CN model. The approach uses canopy leaf area index (LAI) from satellite data and takes advantage of a reaction-based biogeochemical module NGBGC (Next Generation BioGeoChemical Module) that was recently developed and incorporated in version 4 of the Community Land Model (CLM4). Although NGBGC uses the same CN mechanisms as used in CLM4CN, it can be easily configured to run prognostic or steady state simulations. In this approach, monthly LAI from the multi-year Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data was used to calculate potential annual average gross primary production (GPP) and leaf carbon for the period of the atmospheric forcing. The calculated potential annual average GPP and leaf C are then used by NGBGC to calculate the steady-state distributions of carbon and nitrogen in different vegetation and soil pools by solving the steady-state reaction-network in NGBGC using the Newton-Raphson method. The new approach was applied at point and global scales and compared with SOC derived from long spin-up by running NGBGC in prognostic mode, and SOC from the empirical data of the Harmonized World Soil Database (HWSD). The steady-state solution is comparable to the spin-up value when the MODIS LAI is close to the LAI from the spin-up solution, and largely captured the variability of the HWSD SOC across the different dominant plant functional types (PFTs) at global scale. The numerical correlation between the calculated and HWSD SOC was, however, weak at both point and global scales, suggesting that the models used in describing biogeochemical processes in CLM needs improvements and/or HWSD needs updating as suggested by other studies. Besides SOC, the steady state solution also includes all other state variables simulated by a spin-up run, such as NPP, GPP, total vegetation C etc., which makes the developed approach a promising tool to efficiently estimate global SOC distribution and evaluate and compare different aspects simulated by different CN mechanisms in the model.« less

  9. Warming and Intensified Summer Drought Influence Leaf Dark Respiration and Related Plant Traits in Three Dominant Species of the Southern Oak Savanna 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lindgren, Kourtnee Marr

    2011-08-08

    The short-term temperature-response of dark respiration may be altered by climate warming through temperature acclimation; however the role of drought in influencing thermal acclimation is not known. We hypothesized that leaf dark respiration...

  10. Impaction of spray droplets on leaves: influence of formulation and leaf character on shatter, bounce and adhesion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dorr, Gary J; Mayo, Lisa C; McCue, Scott W; Forster, W Alison; Hanan, Jim; He, Xiongkui

    2015-01-01

    This paper combines experimental data with simple mathematical models to investigate the influence of spray formulation type and leaf character (wettability) on shatter, bounce and adhesion of droplets impacting with cotton, rice and wheat leaves. Impaction criteria that allow for different angles of the leaf surface and the droplet impact trajectory are presented; their predictions are based on whether combinations of droplet size and velocity lie above or below bounce and shatter boundaries. In the experimental component, real leaves are used, with all their inherent natural variability. Further, commercial agricultural spray nozzles are employed, resulting in a range of droplet characteristics. Given this natural variability, there is broad agreement between the data and predictions. As predicted, the shatter of droplets was found to increase as droplet size and velocity increased, and the surface became harder to wet. Bouncing of droplets occurred most frequently on hard to wet surfaces with high surface ...

  11. Mycorrhizae and phosphorus fertilization effects on survival, growth, total biomass and leaf nutrient levels of two-year old Leucaena leucocephala 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mbugua, David Kahuria

    1985-01-01

    MYCORRHIZAE AND PHOSPHORUS FERTILIZATION EFFECTS ON SURVIVAL, GRONTH& TOTAL BIOMASS AND LEAF NUTRIENT LEVELS OF TWO-YEAR CLD LEUCAENA LEUCOCEPHALA A Thesis by DAVID KAHURIA MBUGUA Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University... in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1985 Major Subject: Forestry MYCORRHIZAE AND PHOSPHORUS FERTILIZATION EFFECTS ON SURVIVAL, GROWTH& TOTAL BIOMASS AND LEAF NUTRIENT LEVELS OF TWO-YEAR OLD LEUCAENA...

  12. Metagenomic and metaproteomic insights into bacterial communities in leaf-cutter ant fungus gardens

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aylward, Frank O.; Burnum, Kristin E.; Scott, Jarrod J.; Suen, Garret; Tringe, Susannah G.; Adams, Sandra M.; Barry, Kerrie W.; Nicora, Carrie D.; Piehowski, Paul D.; Purvine, Samuel O.; Starrett, Gabriel J.; Goodwin, Lynne A.; Smith, Richard D.; Lipton, Mary S.; Currie, Cameron R.

    2012-09-01

    Herbivores gain access to nutrients stored in plant biomass largely by harnessing the metabolic activities of microbes. Leaf-cutter ants of the genus Atta are a hallmark example; these dominant Neotropical herbivores cultivate symbiotic fungus gardens on massive quantities of fresh plant forage. As the external digestive system of the ants, fungus gardens facilitate the production and sustenance of millions of workers in mature Atta colonies. Here we use metagenomic, and metaproteomic techniques to characterize the bacterial diversity and overall physiological potential of fungus gardens from two species of Atta. Our analysis of over 1.2 Gbp of community metagenomic sequence and three 16S pyrotag libraries reveals that, in addition to harboring the dominant fungal crop, these ecosystems contain abundant populations of Enterobacteriaceae, including the genera Enterobacter, Pantoea, Klebsiella, Citrobacter, and Escherichia. We show that these bacterial communities possess genes commonly associated with lignocellulose degradation, and likely participate in the processing of plant biomass. Additionally, we demonstrate that bacteria in these environments encode a diverse suite of biosynthetic pathways, and that they may enrich the nitrogen-poor forage of the ants with B-vitamins, amino acids, and proteins. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that fungus gardens are highly-specialized fungus-bacteria communities that efficiently convert plant material into usable energy for their ant hosts. Together with recent investigations into the microbial symbionts of vertebrates, our work underscores the importance of microbial communities to the ecology and evolution of herbivorous metazoans.

  13. Development of nanosecond time-resolved infrared detection at the LEAF pulse radiolysis facility

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Grills, David C. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Farrington, Jaime A. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Layne, Bobby H. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Preses, Jack M. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Bernstein, Herbert J. [Dowling College, Shirley, NY (United States); Wishart, James F. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)

    2015-04-01

    When coupled with transient absorption spectroscopy, pulse radiolysis, which utilizes high-energy electron pulses from an accelerator, is a powerful tool for investigating the kinetics and thermodynamics of a wide range of radiation-induced redox and electron transfer processes. The majority of these investigations detect transient species in the UV, visible, or near-IR spectral regions. Unfortunately, the often-broad and featureless absorption bands in these regions can make the definitive identification of intermediates difficult. Time-resolved vibrational spectroscopy would offer much improved structural characterization, but has received only limited application in pulse radiolysis. In this paper, we describe in detail the development of a unique nanosecond time-resolved infrared (TRIR) detection capability for condensed-phase pulse radiolysis on a new beam line at the LEAF facility of Brookhaven National Laboratory. The system makes use of a suite of high-power, continuous wave external-cavity quantum cascade lasers as the IR probe source, with coverage from 2330-1051 cm?¹. The response time of the TRIR detection setup is ?40 ns, with a typical sensitivity of ?100 µOD after 4-8 signal averages using a dual-beam probe/reference normalization detection scheme. This new detection method has enabled mechanistic investigations of a range of radiation-induced chemical processes, some of which are highlighted here.

  14. Development of nanosecond time-resolved infrared detection at the LEAF pulse radiolysis facility

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Grills, David C.; Farrington, Jaime A.; Layne, Bobby H.; Preses, Jack M.; Bernstein, Herbert J.; Wishart, James F.

    2015-04-27

    When coupled with transient absorption spectroscopy, pulse radiolysis, which utilizes high-energy electron pulses from an accelerator, is a powerful tool for investigating the kinetics and thermodynamics of a wide range of radiation-induced redox and electron transfer processes. The majority of these investigations detect transient species in the UV, visible, or near-IR spectral regions. Unfortunately, the often-broad and featureless absorption bands in these regions can make the definitive identification of intermediates difficult. Time-resolved vibrational spectroscopy would offer much improved structural characterization, but has received only limited application in pulse radiolysis. In this paper, we describe in detail the development of amore »unique nanosecond time-resolved infrared (TRIR) detection capability for condensed-phase pulse radiolysis on a new beam line at the LEAF facility of Brookhaven National Laboratory. The system makes use of a suite of high-power, continuous wave external-cavity quantum cascade lasers as the IR probe source, with coverage from 2330-1051 cm?¹. The response time of the TRIR detection setup is ~40 ns, with a typical sensitivity of ~100 µOD after 4-8 signal averages using a dual-beam probe/reference normalization detection scheme. As a result, this new detection method has enabled mechanistic investigations of a range of radiation-induced chemical processes, some of which are highlighted here.« less

  15. Analysis of Leaf and Root Transcriptome of Soil Grown Avena barbata Plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swarbreck, Sté; phanie; Lindquist, Erika; Ackerly, David; Andersen, Gary

    2011-02-01

    Slender wild oat (Avena barbata) is an annual grass dominant in many grassland ecosystems in Mediterranean climate. This species has been the subject of ecological studies that aim at understanding the effect of global climate change on grassland ecosystems and the genetic basis for adaptation under varying environmental conditions. We present the sequencing and analysis of cDNA libraries constructed from leaf and root samples collected from A. barbata grown on natural soil and under varying rainfall patterns. More than one million expressed sequence tags (ESTs) were generated using both GS 454-FLX pyrosequencing and Sanger sequencing, and these tags were assembled into consensus sequences. We identified numerous candidate polymorphic markers in the dataset, providing possibilities for linking the genomic and the existing genetic information for A. barbata. Using the digital northern method, we showed that genes involved in photosynthesis were down regulated under high rainfall while stress- related genes were up regulated. We also identified a number of genes unique to the root library with unknown function. Real-time RT-PCR was used to confirm the root specificity of some of these transcripts such as two genes encoding O-methyl transferase. Also we showed differential expression under three water levels. Through a combination of Sanger and 454-based sequencing technologies, we were able to generate a large set of transcribed sequences for A. barbata. This dataset provides a platform for further studies of this important wild grass species

  16. Development of nanosecond time-resolved infrared detection at the LEAF pulse radiolysis facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grills, David C.; Farrington, Jaime A.; Layne, Bobby H.; Preses, Jack M.; Bernstein, Herbert J.; Wishart, James F.

    2015-04-27

    When coupled with transient absorption spectroscopy, pulse radiolysis, which utilizes high-energy electron pulses from an accelerator, is a powerful tool for investigating the kinetics and thermodynamics of a wide range of radiation-induced redox and electron transfer processes. The majority of these investigations detect transient species in the UV, visible, or near-IR spectral regions. Unfortunately, the often-broad and featureless absorption bands in these regions can make the definitive identification of intermediates difficult. Time-resolved vibrational spectroscopy would offer much improved structural characterization, but has received only limited application in pulse radiolysis. In this paper, we describe in detail the development of a unique nanosecond time-resolved infrared (TRIR) detection capability for condensed-phase pulse radiolysis on a new beam line at the LEAF facility of Brookhaven National Laboratory. The system makes use of a suite of high-power, continuous wave external-cavity quantum cascade lasers as the IR probe source, with coverage from 2330-1051 cm?¹. The response time of the TRIR detection setup is ~40 ns, with a typical sensitivity of ~100 µOD after 4-8 signal averages using a dual-beam probe/reference normalization detection scheme. As a result, this new detection method has enabled mechanistic investigations of a range of radiation-induced chemical processes, some of which are highlighted here.

  17. Improved evidence-based genome-scale metabolic models for maize leaf, embryo, and endosperm

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Seaver, Samuel M.D.; Bradbury, Louis M.T.; Frelin, Océane; Zarecki, Raphy; Ruppin, Eytan; Hanson, Andrew D.; Henry, Christopher S.

    2015-03-10

    There is a growing demand for genome-scale metabolic reconstructions for plants, fueled by the need to understand the metabolic basis of crop yield and by progress in genome and transcriptome sequencing. Methods are also required to enable the interpretation of plant transcriptome data to study how cellular metabolic activity varies under different growth conditions or even within different organs, tissues, and developmental stages. Such methods depend extensively on the accuracy with which genes have been mapped to the biochemical reactions in the plant metabolic pathways. Errors in these mappings lead to metabolic reconstructions with an inflated number of reactions andmore »possible generation of unreliable metabolic phenotype predictions. Here we introduce a new evidence-based genome-scale metabolic reconstruction of maize, with significant improvements in the quality of the gene-reaction associations included within our model. We also present a new approach for applying our model to predict active metabolic genes based on transcriptome data. This method includes a minimal set of reactions associated with low expression genes to enable activity of a maximum number of reactions associated with high expression genes. We apply this method to construct an organ-specific model for the maize leaf, and tissue specific models for maize embryo and endosperm cells. We validate our models using fluxomics data for the endosperm and embryo, demonstrating an improved capacity of our models to fit the available fluxomics data. All models are publicly available via the DOE Systems Biology Knowledgebase and PlantSEED, and our new method is generally applicable for analysis transcript profiles from any plant, paving the way for further in silico studies with a wide variety of plant genomes.« less

  18. Interactive effects of UV radiation and soil coverage on leaf litter decomposition in velvet mesquite (Prosopis velutina) Michele L. Abbene1, Paul W. Barnes1, Heather L. Throop2; and Steven R. Archer3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Archer, Steven R.

    by both soil deposition and solar UV radiation, but how these factors interact to drive decomposition hasInteractive effects of UV radiation and soil coverage on leaf litter decomposition in velvet.12) effect on mass loss in the heavy soil treatment. Leaf C loss data revealed similar UV and soil coverage

  19. How to quantify tree leaf area index in an open savanna ecosystem: A multi-instrument and multi-model approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Battles, John

    in a savanna? The questions asked in the study are critical because L, one- sided leaf area per unit ground for hydrological ecosystem dynamics because L controls rainfall interception (Aston, 1979), canopy evapotran are prone to failure. We examine the applicability of two direct (litterfall, allometry) and five indirect

  20. Simulating the growth response of aspen to elevated ozone: a mechanistic approach to scaling a leaf-level model of ozone effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simulating the growth response of aspen to elevated ozone: a mechanistic approach to scaling a leaf-level model of ozone effects on photosynthesis to a complex canopy architecture§ M.J. Martina, *, G.E. Hosta; accepted 17 July 2001 ``Capsule'': A process model is described that predicts the relative effects of ozone

  1. Spring leaf flush in aspen (Populus tremuloides) clones is altered by long-term growth at elevated carbon dioxide and elevated ozone concentration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    carbon dioxide and elevated ozone concentration Justin M. McGrath a , David F. Karnosky b , Elizabeth A. In this study, we investigated spring leaf flush and how long-term growth at elevated carbon dioxide growth and produc- tivity are increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration ([CO2]) and increasing

  2. Photosynthesis, carboxylation and leaf nitrogen responses of 16 species to elevated pCO2 across four free-air CO2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    Photosynthesis, carboxylation and leaf nitrogen responses of 16 species to elevated pCO2 across four free-air CO2 enrichment experiments in forest, grassland and desert D AV I D S . E L L S W O R T H species under long-term elevated CO2 exposure (elevated pCa) directly impacts ecosystem CO2 assimilation

  3. Effect of moisture on leaf litter decomposition and its contribution to soil respiration in a temperate forest

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cisneros-Dozal, Luz Maria; Trumbore, Susan E.; Hanson, Paul J

    2007-01-01

    The degree to which increased soil respiration rates following wetting is caused by plant (autotrophic) versus microbial (heterotrophic) processes, is still largely uninvestigated. Incubation studies suggest microbial processes play a role but it remains unclear whether there is a stimulation of the microbial population as a whole or an increase in the importance of specific substrates that become available with wetting of the soil. We took advantage of an ongoing manipulation of leaf litter 14C contents at the Oak Ridge Reservation, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, to (1) determine the degree to which an increase in soil respiration rates that accompanied wetting of litter and soil, following a short period of drought, could be explained by heterotrophic contributions; and (2) investigate the potential causes of increased heterotrophic respiration in incubated litter and 0-5 cm mineral soil. The contribution of leaf litter decomposition increased from 6 3 mg C m 2 hr 1 during a transient drought, to 63 18 mg C m 2 hr 1 immediately after water addition, corresponding to an increase in the contribution to soil respiration from 5 2% to 37 8%. The increased relative contribution was sufficient to explain all of the observed increase in soil respiration for this one wetting event in the late growing season. Temperature (13 C versus 25 C) and moisture (dry versus field capacity) conditions did not change the relative contributions of different decomposition substrates in incubations, suggesting that more slowly cycling C has at least the same sensitivity to decomposition as faster cycling organic C at the temperature and moisture conditions studied.

  4. Productive Energy of Corn Meal, Alfalfa Leaf Meal, Dried Buttermilk, Casein, Cottonseed Meal, and Tankage as Measured by Production of Fat and Flesh by Growing Chickens. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach); Carlyle, E. C. (Elmer Cardinal)

    1941-01-01

    , TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION A. B. CONNER. DIRECTOR. College Station. Texas BULLETIN NO. 600 PRODUCTIVE ENERGY OF CORN MEAL, ALFALF LEAF MEAL, DRIED BUTTERMILK, CASEIN, COT- TONSEED MEAL, AND TANKAGE AS MEASURED... of a comprehensive investigation of the value of feeds and foods for productive energy as measured by the production of fat and flesh in growing chickens. In 11 experi- ments with 256 chicks previously reported, it was found that the productive...

  5. Gene expression during wound shock in leaf segments of C sub 3 and C sub 4 plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ghosh, S.; Heikkila, J.J.; Dumbroff, E.B. (Univ. of Waterloo, Ontario (Canada))

    1989-04-01

    The wound response in two-week-old C{sub 3} (peanut and soybean) and C{sub 4} (sorghum and corn) plants was followed in leaf segments (5 {times} 3 mm) labelled for 2 h with ({sup 35}S)methionine at 0, 2, 4 or 6 h after cutting. Absorption of the radiolabel and its subsequent incorporation into protein reached steady-state levels within 4 to 6 h. The high molecular weight proteins associated with the stress response were induced both by cutting and by exposure of the leaves to high temperatures (40{degree} and 45{degree}C). In sorghum and corn, cutting also increased the synthesis of the 98 and 102 kD forms of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase, but only the latter form was stimulated by high temperature. Although several low molecular weight polypeptides were synthesized in response to heat shock, they were not induced in any of the four species by wounding. The control mechanisms involved in the transient would response are currently under investigation.

  6. SU-E-T-428: Dosimetric Impact of Multileaf Collimator Leaf Width On Single and multiple Isocenter Stereotactic IMRT Treatment Plans for multiple Brain Tumors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Giem, J; Algan, O; Ahmad, S; Ali, I; Young, J; Hossain, S

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: To assess the impacts that multileaf collimator (MLC) leaf width has on the dose conformity and normal brain tissue doses of single and multiple isocenter stereotactic IMRT (SRT) plans for multiple intracranial tumors. Methods: Fourteen patients with 2–3 targets were studied retrospectively. Patients treated with multiple isocenter treatment plans using 9 to 12 non-coplanar beams per lesion underwent repeat planning using single isocenter and 10 to 12 non-coplanar beams with 2.5mm, 3mm and 5mm MLC leaf widths. Brainlab iPlan treatment planning system for delivery with the 2.5mm MLC served as reference. Identical contour sets and dose-volume constraints were applied. The prescribed dose to each target was 25 Gy to be delivered over 5 fractions with a minimum of 99% dose to cover ? 95% of the target volume. Results: The lesions and normal brains ranged in size from 0.11 to 51.67cc (median, 2.75cc) and 1090 to 1641cc (median, 1401cc), respectively. The Paddick conformity index for single and multiple isocenter (2.5mm vs. 3mm and 5mm MLCs) was (0.79±0.08 vs. 0.79±0.07 and 0.77±0.08) and (0.79±0.09 vs. 0.77±0.09 and 0.76±0.08), respectively. The average normal brain volumes receiving 15 Gy for single and multiple isocenter (2.5mm vs. 3mm and 5mm MLCs) were (3.65% vs. 3.95% and 4.09%) and (2.89% vs. 2.91% and 2.92%), respectively. Conclusion: The average dose conformity observed for the different leaf width for single and multiple isocenter plans were similar, throughout. However, the average normal brain volumes receiving 2.5 to 15 Gy were consistently lower for the 2.5mm MLC leaf width, especially for single isocenter plans. The clinical consequences of these integral normal brain tissue doses are still unknown, but employing the use of the 2.5mm MLC option is desirable at sparing normal brain tissue for both single and multiple isocenter cases.

  7. Physiological aspects of drought resistance in sorghum (Sorghum Bicolor L. Moench) hybrids which differ in leaf retention during grain-fill 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McIntyre, Brenda Lynn

    1983-01-01

    in adaptational background (ATx378 X RTx7000 ? temperately- adapted, senescent (5); ATx623 X 74CS5388 ? tropically-adapted, non- senescent (NS)). In 1981, ATx623 X 74CS5388 maintained higher culm solute levels and greater leaf areas after stress treatment (80... dehydration. Cultivars differed significantly in sto- matal sensitivity to 4 decline. ATx623 X 74CS5388 reduced stomatal apertures more rapidly but maintained them to lower 4 levels. In the second season however stomata of both cultivars were relatively...

  8. SU-E-T-628: Effect of Dose Rate and Leakage Correction for Dosimetric Leaf Gap Measurement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feng, W; Chu, A; Chi, Y; Hu, J

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: To study the dose rate response of Mapcheck and quantify/correct dose rate/leakage effect on IMRT QA. Evaluate the dose rate/leakage effect on dosimetric leaf gap (DLG) measurement. Methods: Varian Truebeam Linac with HD120 MLC was used for all measurement, it is capable to adjust dose rate from 600MU/min to 5MU/min. Fluke Advanced Therapy Doisemter and PTW 30013 Farmer chamber for chamber measurement; SunNuclear Mapcheck2 with 5cm total buildup for diode measurement. DLG was measured with both chamber and diode.Diode response was measured by varies dose rate, while fixed mapcheck setup and total MU. MLC Leakage was measured with both chamber and diode. Mapcheck measurement was saved as movie file (mcm file), which include measurement updated every 50mSec. The difference between intervals can be converted to dose and dose rate and leakage response correction can be applied to them. Results: DLG measurement results with chamber and diode were showed as follows, the DLG value is 0.36 vs. 0.24mm respectively. Diode dose rate response drops from 100% at 600MU/min to 95.5% at 5MU/min as follows. MLC Leakage measured with diode is 1.021%, which is 9% smaller than 1.112% from chamber measurement. By apply the dose rate and leakage correction, the residue error reduced 2/3. Conclusions: Diode has lower response at lower dose rate, as low as 4.5% for 5MU/min; diode has lower energy response for low energy too, 5% lower for Co-60 than 6MV. It partially explains the leakage difference of 9% between chamber and diode. Lower DLG with diode is because of the lower response at narrower gap, in Eclipse however DLG need to increase to makeup lower response, which is over correction for chamber though. Correction can reduce error by 2/3, the rest 1/3 can be corrected by scatter effect, which is under study.

  9. SU-E-T-11: A Dosimetric Comparison of Robotic Prostatic Radiosugery Using Multi- Leaf Collimation Vs Circular Collimators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feng, J; Yang, J; Lamond, J; Lavere, N; Laciano, R; Ding, W; Arrigo, S; Brady, L

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: The study compared the dosimetry plans of Stereotatic Body Radiotherapy (SBRT) prostate cancer patients using the M6 Cyberknife with Multi-leaf Collimation (MLC) compared with the plans using G4 Cyberknife with circular collimators. Methods: Eight previously treated prostate cancer patients' SBRT plans using circular collimators, designed with Multiplan v3.5.3, were used as a benchmark. The CT, contours and the optimization scripts were imported into Multiplan v5.0 system and replanned with MLC. The same planning objectives were used: more than 95% of PTV received 36.25Gy, 90% of prostate received 40Gy and maximum dose <45Gy, in five fractions. For organs at risk, less than 1cc of rectum received 36Gy and less than 10cc of bladder received 37Gy. Plans were evaluated on parameters derived from dose volume. The beam number, MU and delivery time were recorded to compare the treatment efficiency. Results: The mean CTV volume was 41.3cc (27.5?57.6cc) and mean PTV volume was 76.77cc (59.1?99.7cc). The mean PTV coverage was comparable between MLC (98.87%) and cone (98.74%). MLC plans had a slightly more favorable homogeneity index (1.22) and conformity index (1.17), than the cone (1.24 and 1.15). The mean rectum volume of 36 Gy (0.52cc) of MLC plans was slightly larger than cone (0.38cc) and the mean bladder volume of 37 Gy was smaller in MLC (1.82cc) than in cone plans (3.09cc). The mean number of nodes and beams were 65.9 and 80.5 in MLC vs 65.9 and 203.6 in cone. The mean MUs were significantly less for MLC plans (24,228MUs) than cone (32,347MUs). The total delivery time (which included 5 minutes for setup) was less, 29.6min (26?32min) for MLC vs 45min (35?55min) for cone. Conclusion: While the differences in the dosimetry between the MLC and circular collimator plans were rather minor, the MLC plans were much more efficient and required significantly less treatment time.

  10. Early blight, caused by the fungus Alternaria, and Septoria leaf spot, caused by the fungus Septoria, are two destructive tomato diseases which occur each year in the northeastern United States. Both fungi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    Septoria, are two destructive tomato diseases which occur each year in the northeastern United States. Both. Septoria overwinters in crop debris. Tomato Leaf Spots Family, Home & Garden Education Center practical of lines in tan centers. Fruit spots on stem end, ½ inch No fruit spots. in diameter, dark, leathery

  11. Drought-influenced mortality of tree species with different predawn leaf water dynamics in a decade-long study of a central US forest

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Gu, L.; Pallardy, S. G.; Hosman, K. P.; Sun, Y.

    2015-05-18

    Using decade-long continuous observations of tree mortality and predawn leaf water potential (?pd) at the Missouri Ozark AmeriFlux (MOFLUX) site, we studied how the mortality of important tree species varied and how such variations may be predicted. Water stress determined inter-annual variations in tree mortality with a time delay of 1 year or more, which was correlated fairly tightly with a number of quantitative predictors formulated based on ?pd and precipitation regimes. Predictors based on temperature and vapor pressure deficit anomalies worked reasonably well, particularly for moderate droughts. The exceptional drought of the year 2012 drastically increased the mortality ofmore »all species, including drought-tolerant oaks, in the subsequent year. The drought-influenced tree mortality was related to the species position along the spectrum of ?pd regulation capacity with those in either ends of the spectrum being associated with elevated risk of death. Regardless of species and drought intensity, the ?pd of all species recovered rapidly after sufficiently intense rain events in all droughts. This result, together with a lack of immediate leaf and branch desiccation, suggests an absence of catastrophic hydraulic disconnection in the xylem and that tree death was caused by significant but indirect effects. Species differences in the capacity of regulating ?pd and its temporal integral were magnified under moderate drought intensities but diminished towards wet and dry extremes. Severe droughts may overwhelm the capacity of even drought-tolerant species to maintain differential levels of water potential as the soil becomes exhausted of available water in the rooting zone, thus rendering them more susceptible to death if predisposed by other factors such as age.« less

  12. Enrichment and broad representation of plant biomass-degrading enzymes in the specialized hyphal swellings of Leucoagaricus gongylophorus, the fungal symbiont of leaf-cutter ants

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Aylward, Frank O.; Khadempour, Lily; Tremmel, Daniel M.; McDonald, Bradon R.; Nicora, Carrie D.; Wu, Si; Moore, Ronald J.; Orton, Daniel J.; Monroe, Matthew E.; Piehowski, Paul D.; et al

    2015-08-28

    Leaf-cutter ants are prolific and conspicuous constituents of Neotropical ecosystems that derive energy from specialized fungus gardens they cultivate using prodigious amounts of foliar biomass. The basidiomycetous cultivar of the ants, Leucoagaricus gongylophorus, produces specialized hyphal swellings called gongylidia that serve as the primary food source of ant colonies. Gongylidia also contain plant biomass-degrading enzymes that become concentrated in ant digestive tracts and are deposited within fecal droplets onto fresh foliar material as ants incorporate it into the fungus garden. Although the enzymes concentrated by L. gongylophorus within gongylidia are thought to be critical to the initial degradation of plantmore »biomass, only a few enzymes present in these hyphal swellings have been identified. Here we use proteomic methods to identify proteins present in the gongylidia of three Atta cephalotes colonies. Our results demonstrate that a diverse but consistent set of enzymes is present in gongylidia, including numerous plant biomass-degrading enzymes likely involved in the degradation of polysaccharides, plant toxins, and proteins. Overall, gongylidia contained over three quarters of all biomass-degrading enzymes identified in the L. gongylophorus genome, demonstrating that the majority of the enzymes produced by this fungus for biomass breakdown are ingested by the ants. We also identify a set of 40 of these enzymes enriched in gongylidia compared to whole fungus garden samples, suggesting that certain enzymes may be particularly important in the initial degradation of foliar material. Our work sheds light on the complex interplay between leaf-cutter ants and their fungal symbiont that allows for the host insects to occupy an herbivorous niche by indirectly deriving energy from plant biomass.« less

  13. Subcellular-level resolution MALDI-MS imaging of maize leaf metabolites by MALDI-linear ion trap-Orbitrap mass spectrometer

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Korte, Andrew R.; Yandeau-Nelson, Marna D.; Nikolau, Basil J.; Lee, Young Jin

    2015-01-25

    A significant limiting factor in achieving high spatial resolution for matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) imaging is the size of the laser spot at the sample surface. We present modifications to the beam-delivery optics of a commercial MALDI-linear ion trap-Orbitrap instrument, incorporating an external Nd:YAG laser, beam-shaping optics, and an aspheric focusing lens, to reduce the minimum laser spot size from ~50 ?m for the commercial configuration down to ~9 ?m for the modified configuration. This improved system was applied for MALDI-MS imaging of cross sections of juvenile maize leaves at 5-?m spatial resolution using an oversampling method. Theremore »are a variety of different metabolites including amino acids, glycerolipids, and defense-related compounds were imaged at a spatial resolution well below the size of a single cell. Such images provide unprecedented insights into the metabolism associated with the different tissue types of the maize leaf, which is known to asymmetrically distribute the reactions of C4 photosynthesis among the mesophyll and bundle sheath cell types. The metabolite ion images correlate with the optical images that reveal the structures of the different tissues, and previously known and newly revealed asymmetric metabolic features are observed.« less

  14. Tiu Ch Chn La D n Khi Phc Sm Vo ngy 21 thng 4 nm 2011, cc y Vin nh Gi Tn Hi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    s tn hi cng là mt yu t quan trng trong quy trình la chn d án); Kh nng thành công ca tng gii pháp thay Tác ng ca mi gii pháp ti sc khe và s an toàn ca cng ng · óng góp vào vic bo v s toàn vn ca môi trng và nhiên i vi bên hoc các bên có trách nhim vi v tràn du iu này cng nhm tìm kim s n bù i vi tn hi gây ra

  15. L. N. VIN AN -Direc ii de cercetare n domeniul sistemelor multicore / Main Challenges in Multicore Architecture Research, Revista Romana de Informatica si Automatica, ISSN: 1220-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vintan, Lucian N.

    in Multicore Architecture Research, Revista Romana de Informatica si Automatica, ISSN: 1220- 1758, ICI

  16. The use of stored carbon reserves in growth of temperate tree roots and leaf buds: Analyses using radiocarbon measurements and modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gaudinski, J.B.; Torn, M.S.; Riley, W.J.; Swanston, C.; Trumbore, S.E.; Joslin, J.D.; Majdi, H.; Dawson, T.E.; Hanson, P.J.

    2009-02-01

    Characterizing the use of carbon (C) reserves in trees is important for understanding regional and global C cycles, stress responses, asynchrony between photosynthetic activity and growth demand, and isotopic exchanges in studies of tree physiology and ecosystem C cycling. Using an inadvertent, whole-ecosystem radiocarbon ({sup 14}C) release in a temperate deciduous oak forest and numerical modeling, we estimated that the mean age of stored C used to grow both leaf buds and new roots is 0.7 years and about 55% of new-root growth annually comes from stored C. Therefore, the calculated mean age of C used to grow new-root tissue is {approx}0.4 years. In short, new roots contain a lot of stored C but it is young in age. Additionally, the type of structure used to model stored C input is important. Model structures that did not include storage, or that assumed stored and new C mixed well (within root or shoot tissues) before being used for root growth, did not fit the data nearly as well as when a distinct storage pool was used. Consistent with these whole-ecosystem labeling results, the mean age of C in new-root tissues determined using 'bomb-{sup 14}C' in three additional forest sites in North America and Europe (one deciduous, two coniferous) was less than 1-2 years. The effect of stored reserves on estimated ages of fine roots is unlikely to be large in most natural abundance isotope studies. However, models of root C dynamics should take stored reserves into account, particularly for pulse-labeling studies and fast-cycling roots (<1 years).

  17. On the contribution of leaf surface wetness, leaf size and leaf longevity to variation in leaf water and carbon balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simonin, Kevin Allen

    2009-01-01

    relation to site water balance. Ecology 58: 893-899. Hornecosystem water and carbon balance (e.g. Diaz & Granadillothe role of the water balance. The American Naturalist 135,

  18. On the contribution of leaf surface wetness, leaf size and leaf longevity to variation in leaf water and carbon balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simonin, Kevin Allen

    2009-01-01

    Bible K. (1999) The canopy water relations of old-growthof dew influences shoot water potential and root growth inimproves woody plant water status most during drought.

  19. Artificial leaf jumps developmental hurdle

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News Publications TraditionalWithAntiferromagneticInexpensive 2- toArthur J. NozikSeptember

  20. Peach Leaf CurlPeach Leaf Curl Peach leaf curl is a fungal disease that

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ishida, Yuko

    to increase effectiveness. Bordeaux mixture is a home-made copper sulfate and lime mixture that must

  1. System and Method for Using Network Layer Uniform Resource Locator Routing To Locate The Closest Server Carrying Specific Content

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia-Luna-Aceves, J.J.

    2011-01-01

    1995, pp. 288-298. R. Tewari, M. Dahlin, H.M.Vin andJ.S.Maryland, May 1997. R. Tewari, “Architectures and AlgorithmsApr. 17, 1998). Renu Tewari, Michael Dahlin, Harrick M. Vin,

  2. System and Method for Resolving Network Layer Anycast Addresses to Network Layer Unicast Addresses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia-Luna-Aceves, J.J.

    2010-01-01

    1995, pp. 288-298. R. Tewari, M. Dahlin, H.M.Vin andJ.S.1998, pp. 783- 791. R. Tewari, “Architectures and AlgorithmsApr. 17, 1998). Renu Tewari, Michael Dahlin, Herrick M. Vin,

  3. System and Method for DiscoveringInformation Objects and Information Object Repositories in Computer Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia-Luna-Aceves, J.J.

    2007-01-01

    Aug. 1995, pp. 288-298. R. Tewari, M. Dahlin, H.M. Vin and1998, pp. 783-791. R. Tewari, “Architectures and Algorithmsin hierarchical Web caches, Tewari, Dahlin, Vin and Kay (R.

  4. System and Method for Directing Clients to Optimal Servers in Computer Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia-Luna-Aceves, J.J.

    2010-01-01

    Israel, Apr. 2000. R. Tewari, “Architectures and Algorithmsat Austin, Aug. 1998. R. Tewari, M. Dahlin, H.M. Vin, andApr. 17, 1998). Renu Tewari, Michael Dahlin, Harrick M. Vin,

  5. System and Method for Directing Clients to Optimal Servers in Computer Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia-Luna-Aceves, J.J.

    2013-01-01

    Israel, Apr. 2000. R. Tewari, “Architectures and Algorithmsat Austin, Aug. 1998. R. Tewari, M. Dahlin, H.M. Vin, andApr. 17, 1998). Renu Tewari, Michael Dahlin, Harrick M. Vin,

  6. System and Method for Using a Mapping between Client Addresses and Addresses of Caches To Support Content Delivery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia-Luna-Aceves, J.J.

    2009-01-01

    Aug. 1995, pp. 288-298. R. Tewari, M. Dahlin, H.M. Vin and1998, pp. 783- 791. R. Tewari, “Architectures and AlgorithmsApr. 17, 1998). Renu Tewari, Michael Dahlin, Harrick M. Vin,

  7. PHYSICS 327 Spring 2015 1/13/2015 LAB 1 -DC VOLTAGE DIVIDER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gustafsson, Torgny

    produces output voltage which is independent of the load resistance (RL, in this case). Remember a provided "power supply" for the source of the input voltage Vin. The circuit is described by the equation 2 (breadboard), and use the power supply to provide Vin = 12 V. For each value of R2, measure Vin and Vout

  8. i hc K thut Texas l trng i hc cng c cng nhn trn ton quc chuyn o to cc sinh vin hng u trong bi cnh a vn ha v cnh tranh ton cu. Theo Tp ch Wall Street,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    1.500$ TNG CNG 32.884$ Hc cao hc: Hc phí và l phí 14.653$ Chi phí sinh hot 9.750$ Bo him sc khe 1.500$ TNG CNG 24.571$ i hc K thut Texas Vn phòng ng ký nhp hc

  9. Scott Roseman: Owner, New Leaf Community Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reti, Irene H.

    2010-01-01

    an organization devoted to renewable energy technologies. Itwas dedicated to the renewable energy movement. But during

  10. ORIGINAL PAPER Leaf wax d2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Briner, Jason P.

    , Baffin Island, Arctic Canada Elizabeth K. Thomas · Sean McGrane · Jason P. Briner · Yongsong Huang, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA e-mail: elizabeth_thomas@brown.edu S. McGrane Á J. P. Briner

  11. HYDROCARBON CONSTITUENTS OF ICELAND LEAF FOSSIL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Jerry; Calvin, Melvin.

    2008-01-01

    and the fossils. the ~~illows Salix~. (with long, slender,and cottony winged seeds); Salix matsudana (its roundedpresent). Table II n-C 27 Salix n-C 29 Salix matsudana

  12. Leaf Coppin Optical Analysis of Surfacesby Second-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marrucci, Lorenzo

    principle of those oil additives, commonly used in the lubri- cant industry, whose effect derives from (micrometres) and, exploiting pump-and-probe approaches, it allows time- resolved measurements with sub

  13. Scott Roseman: Owner, New Leaf Community Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reti, Irene H.

    2010-01-01

    worked for the Alternative Energy Co-op, an organizationdoing an internship in alternative energy systems. After theat what was called the Alternative Energy Co-op, which was a

  14. Scott Roseman: Owner, New Leaf Community Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reti, Irene H.

    2010-01-01

    carrot waste, and that was your entrance to the food co-op.food co-op, oftentimes the Juice Club would leave their carrot waste

  15. HYDROCARBON CONSTITUENTS OF ICELAND LEAF FOSSIL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Jerry; Calvin, Melvin.

    2008-01-01

    L.S. (1962) Isoprenoid hydrocarbons in petroleum. Anal.and EVANS E. D. (1965) Hydrocarbons in non-reservo; r-rockVI. Distribution of wax hydrocarbons in plants at different

  16. New Leaf Biofuel | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPI Ventures LtdNeville, Ohio: EnergyHavenInformation 8thBiofuel Jump to:

  17. Leaf Clean Energy Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History ViewInformationWinds Jump to:Laredo RidgeLayman EnergyOpenClean Energy

  18. Efficiency of Switched-inductor DCDC Converter ICs across Process Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rincon-Mora, Gabriel A.

    . For that purpose, switches (SI and SEN in Fig. 1a) energize and (SO and SDE in Fig. 1b) de-energize an inductor LXO) to lower iL and steer energy to vO. In buck converters, when vO is always below VIN, LX can energize than VIN, LX can de-energize directly from VIN, so SI and SDE are often absent in boost implementations

  19. EXOTICPEST ALERT Horse chestnut leaf miner, Cameraria ohridella Desch. & Dem.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    trees, Aesculus hippocastanum, in the London Borough of Wimbledon in July 2002. Signs of adult moth transportation, particularly of infested leaves accidentally carried on vehicles. Recognising the Symptoms

  20. On Complexity of Minimum Leaf Out-Branching Peter Dankelmann

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gutin, Gregory

    , Royal Holloway University of London, Egham, Surrey TW20 0EX, UK, gutin@cs.rhul.ac.uk Department of Computer Science, Royal Holloway University of London, Egham, Surrey TW20 0EX, UK, E.J.Kim@cs.rhul.ac.uk 1, see the patent [4], where a heuristic to solve the MinLOB problem on acyclic digraphs was suggested

  1. Minimum Leaf Out-branching and Related Problems Gregory Gutin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gutin, Gregory

    in the proceedings of AAIM'08 [14]. Department of Computer Science, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, Ireland, i.razgon@cs.ucc.ie § Department of Computer Science, Royal Holloway, University of London, EghamLOB- DAG). MinLOB-DAG was considered in US patent [7], where its application to the area of database

  2. The worldwide leaf economics spectrum Ian J. Wright1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Ian

    Wildlife Management, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Northern Territory 0909, Australia 24 Ural State University, Yekaterinburg, Russia 25 Faculty of Forestry, University of Toronto, 33 Willcocks St, Toronto

  3. AVTA: 2012 Nissan Leaf All-Electric Vehicle Testing Reports

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. ...

  4. Environmental Control of Isoprene Emission: from Leaf to Canopy Scale 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pegoraro, Emiliano

    Isoprene is the most abundant volatile organic compound (VOC) emitted from vegetation, mainly trees. Because it plays an important role in tropospheric chemistry leading to formation of pollutants and enhancing the lifetime ...

  5. Malaysia-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name:Power ElectronicsMakatecInformation

  6. Thailand-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter BatterySolarfinMarketMemberITerraPowerDevelopingInformation

  7. Vietnam-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company) JumpGTZUtilityInformation

  8. Cambodia-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank, Maine:Kansas:Information(Redirected fromCounty,County, Idaho:(RECP)

  9. LEAF Gender Mainstreaming Strategy & Checklist | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:onItronKanoshKetchikanKlondikeKunB

  10. Reliable estimation of biochemical parameters from C3 leaf

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTech ConnectSpeedingConnect(Conference) |(Patent) |globalphotosynthesis-intercellular

  11. EERE: VTO - Red Leaf PNG Image | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based|Department of5 Peer ReviewUse of HeAgenda EEREEERE WebMarch 2016 <Red

  12. Pascal, Blaise (1623-1662).. Expriences nouvelles touchant le vuide ,faites dans des tuyaux, syringues, soufflets et siphons de plusieurs longueurs et figures, avec diverses liqueurs, comme vif-argent, eau, vin, huyle, air, etc. avec un discours sur le me

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aubin, David

    , syringues, soufflets et siphons de plusieurs longueurs et figures, avec diverses liqueurs, comme vif

  13. Mervyn Hine's Contribution

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25

    Cérémonie avec plusieurs discours (qui?) et remarques pour honorer la contribution de Marvyn Hine qui prendra sa retraite. La célébration sera suivie d'un "vin d'honneur".

  14. System and Method for Discovering Information Objects and Information Object Repositories in Computer Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia-Luna-Aceves, J.J.

    2013-01-01

    4 pgs. (Oct. 22, 2002). Renu Tewari, Michael Dahlin, HarrickIsrael, Apr. 2000. R. Tewari, “Architectures and Algorithmsat Austin, Aug. 1998. R. Tewari, M. Dahlin, H.M. Vin, and

  15. System and Method forUsing Uniform Resource Locators To Map Application Layer Content Namesto Network Layer Anycast Addresses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia-Luna-Aceves, J.J.

    2008-01-01

    Aug. 1995, pp. 288-298. R. Tewari, M. Dahlin, H.M. Vin andpages. Apr. 17, 1998. Renu Tewari, Michael Dahlim, Harrick1998, pp. 783-791. R. Tewari, “Architectures and Algorithms

  16. System and Method forInformation Object Routing in Computer Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia-Luna-Aceves, J.J.

    2009-01-01

    Israel, Apr. 2000. R. Tewari, “Architectures and Algorithmsat Austin, Aug. 1998. R. Tewari, M. Dahlin, H.M. Vin, and7,552,233 B2 Page 3 Renu Tewari, Michael Dahlin, Harrick M.

  17. System and Method for Controlling Access to Content Carried in A Caching Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia-Luna-Aceves, J.J.

    2009-01-01

    1995, pp. 288-298. R. Tewari, M. Dahlin, H.M.Vin andJ.S.1998, pp. 783- 791. R. Tewari, “Architectures and AlgorithmsEngineer- ing, Santa Cruz CA. Tewari, Renu, et al. , “Design

  18. Correlations among leaf traits provide a significant constraint on the estimate of global gross primary production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    ]. A third approach is to use other tracers, such as oxy- gen isotopes in CO2 or carbonyl sulfide, to infer

  19. A Tomato Detached Leaf Assay for Chemical Genomics of an HLB Model System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patne, S.; Eulgem, T.; Roose, M. L.

    2014-01-01

    used successfully in many high- throughput chemical screensto identify chemicals inducing defense responses.In our study, we will test chemical uptake and its effect on

  20. Dematiocladium celtidis gen. sp. nov. (Nectriaceae, Hypocreales), a new genus from Celtis leaf litter in Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    litter in Argentina Pedro W. CROUS2 *, Natalia ALLEGRUCCI1 , Ange´ lica Margarita ARAMBARRI1 , Mari Plata, Argentina. 2 Centraalbureau voor Schimmelcultures, P.O. Box 85167, 3508 AD, Utrecht of Celtis tala in Argentina had rDNA sequence data (ITS and LSU) that showed it resides in the Hypocreales

  1. Biochemistry of ethylene in plants and other problems related to leaf abscission 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrero, Fay Alberto

    1959-01-01

    OXG&MSM?&CrS GF?a&LG? r*GC&GG&Mw &w CMFXSLaMwrTX CMFFMw L?eSrwFG rwa &FG TL? SrF&Mw FM r wrF?TrS eTMa?CF eTLGLwF &w GLwLGCLwF CMFFMw e?S?&w& ??????????????? ???? ? &wFTMa?CF&Mw?????????????????????????? ?????? TL?&L? MA S&FLTrF?TL ???????????????????????? Er... 4. Concentration experiments with NAA on the ab? scission of cotton explants................30 5. Concentration-gradient experiment with NAA on the abscission of cotton explants .......... 31 6. Concentration experiment with DCP on abscis? sion...

  2. Transgenic cotton over-producing spinach sucrose phosphate synthase showed enhanced leaf sucrose synthesis and improved

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strauss, Richard E.

    of transgenic cotton plants (Gos- sypium hirsutum cv. Coker 312 elite) was produced that over-expressed spinach Issue Research Unit, USDA-ARS, 1604 E. FM 1294, Lubbock, TX 79403, USA W. X. Cai Á M. Hozain Á R. E

  3. COMMON SOYBEAN INSECTS 1. BEAN LEAF BEETLE, Cerotoma trifurcata (Forster). The adult

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pittendrigh, Barry

    , Epilachna varivestis Mulsant. The Mexican bean beetle is a pest of garden beans but will also attack soy importance in Indiana, stink bug injury in southern states has been severe enough to affect quality and lower dam age early in the growing season. The adults (not pictured) are tan col ored beetles about the size

  4. Phytologia (April 2012) 94(1) 3 GEOGRAPHIC VARIATION IN THE LEAF ESSENTIAL OILS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    ., 20 km w of Jct. with US 395, 35º 54.003'N, 118º 02.078'W, 2059 m, Tulare Co., CA; Adams 11989- 11993

  5. Nutrient enrichment increased species richness of leaf litter fungal assemblages in a tropical forest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    functioning, but the determinates of their diversity and functional interactions are not well known) food webs (Kaspari et al. 2008). While litter decomposition is mediated by both biotic and abiotic

  6. Rivaling the World's Smallest Reptiles: Discovery of Miniaturized and Microendemic New Species of Leaf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by the Volkswagen Foundation and the European Association of Zoos and Aquaria. Lab work received funding

  7. Leaf dynamics of little bluestem and brownseed paspalum in response to herbivory 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Joel Raymond

    1983-01-01

    of differences in parameters of interest be- tween treatments, locations, and replications were tested using the General Linear Model proceduce of :. ati sti cal Analysis System (He)wig and Council 1979). Duncans's New Multiple Range Test (Snedecor...

  8. The effects of transplanting stress on photosynthesis, stomatal conductance and leaf water potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    and Natural Resources, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, 141 004 India Introduction Artificial forest in polyethylene bags (16 x 60 cm) containing sphagnum peat and were maintained well-watered. One yr later

  9. Thermal acclimation of leaf respiration of tropical trees and lianas: response to experimental canopy warming,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lichstein, Jeremy W.

    vegetation models (DGVMs) and Earth system models (Friedlingstein et al., 2006; Ahlstrom et al., 2012

  10. Asymmetric leaves1 mediates leaf patterning and stem cell function in Arabidopsis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Byrne, Mary E; Barley, Ross; Curtis, Mark; Arroyo, Juana Maria; Dunham, Maitreya; Hudson, Andrew; Martienssen, Robert A

    2000-12-21

    Meristem function in plants requires both the maintenance of stem cells and the specification of founder cells from which lateral organs arise. Lateral organs are patterned along proximodistal, dorsoventral and mediolateral ...

  11. Cotton leaf spot caused by Alternaria macrospora Zimm. as affected by potassium nutrition 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cadena Torres, Jorge

    1989-01-01

    . Causes 2. 2. 1. Potassium fixation Potassium fixation is defined as the transformation of exchangeable potassium into a nonexchangeable form by the migration of potassium ions into the crystal structure of micaceous minerals (illite and vermiculite... by drying was related to the ionic size of potassium and the contraction and expansion of the minerals. They explained that under conditions of maximum hydration the soil sheets are far apart and have little effect upon free exchange of ions. However...

  12. Inheritance of flower, stem, leaf, and disease traits in three diploid interspecific rose populations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shupert, David Andrew

    2006-10-30

    H. Brent Pemberton Committee Members, Javier F. Betran Stephen R. King Head of Department, Tim D. Davis... and Dr. H. Brent Pemberton for their guidance and support that helped me earn my degree. Thanks to my committee members Dr. Javier F. Betran for helping with the statistical analysis and Stephen R. King for his assistance. I would like to thank...

  13. Guava leaf volatiles and dimethyl disulphide inhibit response of Diaphorina citri Kuwayama to host plant volatiles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burns, Jacqueline K.

    bacteria in the genus Liberibacter, which are the causal agents of huang- longbing (HLB) (Tsai et al. 1988 citrus with guava, Psidium guajava L., was reported to reduce D. citri populations and incidence of HLB conducted to compare sulphur volatile profiles of citrus and guava, used in our behavioural assays

  14. Fatty Acid Engineering 2011 p. 1 Lipid signals: jasmonic acid & green leaf volatiles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Constabel, Peter

    occurrence of modified 'specialty' FAs - genetic transformation technology available (NB: oil seeds amenable -> plastics - special 6 desaturase related to 9 stearoyl- ACP (18:0) desaturase. (NB: takes 16:0 ACP) - single

  15. Contrasting Regional Responses to Increasing Leaf-Level Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide over Australia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Jason

    on the transpiration via the stomatal response, particularly when sufficient moisture is available. Statistically significant reductions in transpiration generally lead to a significantly warmer land surface with decreases-level moisture convergence and vertical velocity, which result in a cooling simulated over Western Australia

  16. Mapping urban forest leaf area index with airborne lidar using penetration metrics and allometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bookhagen, Bodo

    and transpiration (Chen, Rich, Gower, Norman, & Plummer, 1997). In addi- tion, dry depositional uptake building cooling costs. At the sa

  17. Teratosphaeria (Mycosphaerella) nubilosa, the causal agent of Mycosphaerella leaf disease (MLD),

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -use of these plantations is in the pulp and paper industry, which is growing rapidly in Uruguay. More than 100 species

  18. HIA 2015 DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: BrightLeaf Homes...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    cold * Completion: October 2014 * Category: Production Modeled Performance Data: * HERS Index: without PV 38 * Projected Annual Utility Costs: without PV 1,362 * Projected...

  19. Causes and Consequences of Variation in Fern Leaf Form and Physiology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Czerniak, Christine Fiona

    2013-01-01

    TO IRRADIANCE, CO 2 AND VAPOR PRESSURE DEFICIT IN FERNS:to irradiance, CO 2 and vapor pressure deficit in ferns:to change light, CO 2 , and vapor pressure deficit (air ‘

  20. Global effects of soil and climate on leaf photosynthetic traits and rates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    , Australia, 2 AXA Chair of Biosphere and Climate Impacts, Grand Challenges in Ecosystems and the Environment and Grantham Institute ­ Climate Change and the Environment, Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College for the Environment, University of Western Sydney, Penrith, NSW 2751, Australia, 9 Institute of Agricultural

  1. Molecular Characterization of Durable Yellow and Leaf Rust Resistance in Two Wheat Populations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basnet, Bhoja

    2012-07-16

    , characterize and utilize Adult Plant Resistance (APR), a.k.a. slow rusting resistance, in wheat germplasm to promote durability of resistance against rust. The objectives of this study were to 1) understand the genetics of APR to YR and/or LR present in two...

  2. Causes and Consequences of Variation in Fern Leaf Form and Physiology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Czerniak, Christine Fiona

    2013-01-01

    gradient: patterns and causes. Ecotropica (Bonn) 13: 27-43.new insights into the causes and consequences of variationCALIFORNIA Los Angeles Causes and Consequences of Variation

  3. Impacts of experimentally imposed drought on leaf respiration and morphology in an Amazon rain forest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malhi, Yadvinder

    . C Araga~o1 , Yadvinder Malhi1 , Antonio L. Da Costa5 , Alan P. Braga5 , Paulo L. Gonc¸alves5 , Joao De Athaydes5 , Mauricio Da Costa5 , Samuel S. Almeida6 , Catherine Campbell7 , Vaughan Hurry7

  4. PERSPECTIVE The determinants of leaf turgor loss point and prediction of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sack, Lawren

    assessments of species and ecosystems worldwide. Keywords Biogeography, biomes, climate, plant hydraulics potential at turgor loss, or bulk turgor loss point (ptlp, units MPa) has been used to assess physiological measures that can be used to assess speciesÕ drought tolerances and thus their likely sensitivity

  5. Remote monitoring of tamarisk defoliation and evapotranspiration following saltcedar leaf beetle attack

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tipple, Brett

    (Diorhabda elongata) was released as a tamarisk biocontrol agent. Although initial releases have been and assessment of potential water salvage resulting from biocontrol of tamarisk. © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights

  6. Chemical changes to leaf litter from trees grown under elevated CO2 and the implications for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, John J.

    species. Quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides), white willow (Salix alba), and sugar maple (Acer saccharum-trembles (Populus tremuloides), des saules blancs (Salix alba) et des érables à sucre (Acer saccharum) dans des

  7. Original article Effect of litter, leaf cover and cover of basal internodes of the dominant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leps, Jan "Suspa"

    regen- eration niches. © 2005 Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved. Keywords: Molinia caerulea September 2004; accepted 15 March 2005 Available online 22 April 2005 Abstract The effects of litter removal

  8. Phloem Transport of Arsenic Species from Flag Leaf to Grain During Grain Filling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A Carey; G Norton; C Deacon; K Scheckel; E Lombi; T Punshon; M Guerinot; A Lanzirotti; M Newville; et al.

    2011-12-31

    Strategies to reduce arsenic (As) in rice grain, below concentrations that represent a serious human health concern, require that the mechanisms of As accumulation within grain be established. Therefore, retranslocation of As species from flag leaves into filling rice grain was investigated. Arsenic species were delivered through cut flag leaves during grain fill. Spatial unloading within grains was investigated using synchrotron X-ray fluorescence (SXRF) microtomography. Additionally, the effect of germanic acid (a silicic acid analog) on grain As accumulation in arsenite-treated panicles was examined. Dimethylarsinic acid (DMA) and monomethylarsonic acid (MMA) were extremely efficiently retranslocated from flag leaves to rice grain; arsenate was poorly retranslocated, and was rapidly reduced to arsenite within flag leaves; arsenite displayed no retranslocation. Within grains, DMA rapidly dispersed while MMA and inorganic As remained close to the entry point. Germanic acid addition did not affect grain As in arsenite-treated panicles. Three-dimensional SXRF microtomography gave further information on arsenite localization in the ovular vascular trace (OVT) of rice grains. These results demonstrate that inorganic As is poorly remobilized, while organic species are readily remobilized, from leaves to grain. Stem translocation of inorganic As may not rely solely on silicic acid transporters.

  9. Phloem transport of arsenic species from flag leaf to grain during grain filling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carey, Anne-Marie; Norton, Gareth J.; Deacon, Claire; Scheckel, Kirk G.; Lombi, Enzo; Punshon, Tracy; Guerinot, Mary Lou; Lanzirotti, Antonio; Newville, Matt; Choi, Yongseong; Price, Adam H.; Meharg, Andrew A.

    2011-09-20

    Strategies to reduce arsenic (As) in rice grain, below concentrations that represent a serious human health concern, require that the mechanisms of As accumulation within grain be established. Therefore, retranslocation of As species from flag leaves into filling rice grain was investigated. Arsenic species were delivered through cut flag leaves during grain fill. Spatial unloading within grains was investigated using synchrotron X-ray fluorescence (SXRF) microtomography. Additionally, the effect of germanic acid (a silicic acid analog) on grain As accumulation in arsenite-treated panicles was examined. Dimethylarsinic acid (DMA) and monomethylarsonic acid (MMA) were extremely efficiently retranslocated from flag leaves to rice grain; arsenate was poorly retranslocated, and was rapidly reduced to arsenite within flag leaves; arsenite displayed no retranslocation. Within grains, DMA rapidly dispersed while MMA and inorganic As remained close to the entry point. Germanic acid addition did not affect grain As in arsenite-treated panicles. Three-dimensional SXRF microtomography gave further information on arsenite localization in the ovular vascular trace (OVT) of rice grains. These results demonstrate that inorganic As is poorly remobilized, while organic species are readily remobilized, from leaves to grain. Stem translocation of inorganic As may not rely solely on silicic acid transporters.

  10. Leaf traits and foliar CO2 exchange in a Peruvian tropical montane cloud forest 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van de Weg, Marjan

    2011-06-28

    Tropical montane cloud forests (TMCF) are one of the most fascinating, but least understood ecosystems in the world, and the interest in the carbon (C) cycle of TMCFs with regard to carbon sequestration and storage ...

  11. The effect of ethylene on the levels of leaf protease and growth in cotton 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahan, James Rudolph

    1979-01-01

    , Martin and Thimann have shown that proteolysis also occurs ~ ~g senescenoe in detached oat leaves ( 19 ). Further they have shown that this breakdown of protein preceeds chlorosis by approximately 24 h. Thus, while chlorosis is a convenient visual.... 'whether tho o'oserved change in R?&A levels '. . " the &csult cf in- creased iUlase activity or simply normal turnover coupled "&ith red& ced synthesis is not clear. The imoor Lance of nucleic a id breakdown ( catabolicm) in sen- escence is further...

  12. 2.8 Mt5.6 Mt Turning over a New Leaf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to local communities and other stewards of our natural resources. Forest Trends analyzes strategic market natural ecosystems, which provide life-sustaining processes, by promoting incentives stemming from a broad 19th Street, NW 4th floor Washington, DC 20036 info@ecosystemmarketplace.com www

  13. Forest Health: Texas Leaf-Cutting Ant http://tfsweb.tamu.edu Page 1 of 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    castes are comprised of the winged reproductives, or "alates, (female queens and male drones having wings

  14. Identification and correction of spectral contamination in 2 O measured in leaf, stem, and soil water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    , Los Gatos Research, Inc., was employed and the results were compared with those obtained from isotope

  15. Registration of five wheat isogenic lines for leaf rust and stripe rust resistance genes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    to their recurrent parents. Reproduced from Crop Science.Published by Crop Science Society of America. All copyrightsReproduced from Crop Science. Published by Crop Science

  16. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: BrightLeaf Homes, McCormick...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Innovation Award winning production home in the cold climate that got a HERS 38 without PV, with staggered 2x4 studs every 8"on a 2x6 plate with dense-packed R-25 cellulose,...

  17. Temporal variation overshadows the response of leaf litter microbial communities to simulated global change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    multi- ple experimental climate change drivers. Appl EnvironCEC (2003). Global Climate Change and California: Potential2008). The effects of climate change on plant phenology.

  18. 186 Phytologia (August 2010) 92(2) CHEMOSYTEMATICS OF JUNIPERUS: EFFECTS OF LEAF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    . virginiana tree were collected and analyzed as fresh vs. air dried then stored at ambient conditions (21º C using dry ice is getting to be extremely difficult. The use of air dried leaves for essential oils would the 7 sample sets. PCO of the samples showed some clustering by length of storage, but considerable

  19. Get Ready for Fall: Leaf Peeping, Staying Warm, and Saving Money |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-inPPLforLDRD Report11, SolarMat 4" |a,-

  20. Papua New Guinea-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,Energy LLC Jump to:3 of MasonPalcanOpenRural ElInformation

  1. Laos-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervar HydroElectricColorado:EnergyLaor Batteries LtdLowering

  2. DOE Tour of Zero: McCormick Avenue by BrightLeaf Homes | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i pStateDOE FederalTheof Energy2,408-square-foot zero energy home

  3. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: BrightLeaf Homes, McCormick Avenue,

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i pStateDOE FederalTheofHeyeck, AEP, Sr.Energy ofBrookfield, IL |

  4. TU-C-17A-05: Dose Domain Optimization of MLC Leaf Patterns for Highly

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail. (Conference)Feedback SystemGimbaled X-Ray Head

  5. DOE Tour of Zero Floorplans: McCormick Avenue by BrightLeaf Homes |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based| Department8, 2015 GATEWAY Takes onandField |ofDepartment

  6. DOE Tour of Zero: McCormick Avenue by BrightLeaf Homes | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment ofOffice of Headquarters AccountingDOEEnergyHumanAddisonEnergy

  7. Dispersive estimates of solutions to the Schrodinger equation in dimensions $n\\ge 4$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Georgi Vodev

    2006-02-03

    We prove dispersive estimates for solutions to the Schrodinger equation with a real-valued potential $V\\in L^\\infty({\\bf R}^n)$, $n\\ge 4$, satisfying $V(x)=O(|x|^{-(n+2)/2-\\epsilon})$, $|x|>1$, $\\epsilon>0$.

  8. Dispersive estimates of solutions to the wave equation with a potential in dimensions $n\\ge 4$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Georgi Vodev

    2006-02-03

    We prove dispersive estimates for solutions to the wave equation with a real-valued potential $V\\in L^\\infty({\\bf R}^n)$, $n\\ge 4$, satisfying $V(x)=O(|x|^{-(n+1)/2-\\epsilon})$, $|x|>1$, $\\epsilon>0$.

  9. OPERA INSTITUTI ARCHAEOLOGICI SLOVENIAE LJUBLJANA 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cufar, Katarina

    . SERJEANTSON 2002, A Passion for Pork: Meat Consumption at the British Late Neo- lithic Site of Durrington in archaeolo- gy. ­ V/in: R. Skates in R. Whitehouse (ur./ed.), Radio- carbon Dating and Italian Prehistory 20, 157­172. BARTOSIEWICZ, L. 1999, Recent developments in archa- eological research in Slovenia

  10. Effects of Natural Disasters on Conservation Policies: The Case of the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Earthquake, China Andre´s Vin~a, Xiaodong Chen, William J. McConnell, Wei Liu, Weihua Xu, Zhiyun Ouyang the impacts of a devastating earthquake on forest recovery and avoided forest loss estimated to have been% of the forests in Wenchuan County, Sichuan province, China were imme- diately affected by the 2008 earthquake

  11. DESCRIPTION OF ACCIDENT MSU DRIVERS SIGNATURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dyer, Bill

    of Commercial Policy Number) Motor vehicles that are owned, rented, leased, or loaned to Montana State's Name: MSU VEHICLE (VEHICLE #1) Issued Citation: YES NO Explain: Department: Phone: 994 - Vehicle Owner: Use of Vehicle: Vehicle: Make Model Year VIN: Plate Number: State: Description of Damage: Safety

  12. General Information: Person Reporting: Phone #: Email

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dyer, Bill

    Information: Assigned Driver Name: Assigned Driver GID# (last 4 digits only): Vehicle Information: Vehicle Year: License Plate #: VIN # of Vehicle: Vehicle Make: Vehicle Model: Vehicle Leased? Yes/No Vehicle a Loaner? Yes/No Owner of Vehicle: Market Value of Vehicle: Monthly Lease Amount: Vehicle Type: Subtype

  13. Small Saturating Inductors for More Compact Switching Power Supplies Luke Milner* Non-member

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rincon-Mora, Gabriel A.

    to a load (i.e., an output vO) by energizing (from VIN) and de-energizing (to vO) an inductor LO in alternate phases, as Fig. 1a generally depicts. More specifically, a constant energizing voltage VE across LO energizes LO, increasing its current iL (whe

  14. Self-Starting DC:DC Boost Converter for Low-Power and Low-Voltage Microbial Electric Generators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    such as microbial fuel cells and microbial desalination cells. The harvested power is 10mW under input voltage Vin=0 desalination. Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are the most common type of MEG. Researches on this subject started efficiency of 74% is achieved under realistic harvesting conditions. I. INTRODUCTION Microbial electric

  15. FPGA based digital controller for switch-mode converter P-2013-025 Student: Yaron Huber

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    control scheme for DC-DC converters such as: boost or buck-boost. The control scheme is designed of minimal deviation control scheme on Boost converter using PSIM #12;2. Realization: Minimaldeviationcontroller-FPGA DC Buck - Boost converter Vin Inductor Load CapacitorSwitch Vout IL PCM main computational

  16. REV DESCRIPTION DATE BY APPROVED 0 ORIGINAL ISSUE 6/15/2006 VBG VBG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    Hydraulic 13 Switch Vacuum Window 2 Beam Switch Vacuum Connector A Magnet Bore S R P N Secondary Containment-7 Vin Beam Window 2 Vacuum Switch Beam Window 1 Vacuum Switch HG Leak Detection Switch Hydraulic Position Hg Sump Level Hg Discharge Pressure Hydraulic Control Panel 14 Pressure Pump Hydraulic Pressure

  17. A SPICE Compatible Model of High Intensity Discharge Lamps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    from the arc's * Corresponding author behavior of HID lamps. This model are derived from the arc-linear resistance of the lamp, is the global specific conductance of the plasma, V is the volume of the plasma, L is the length of plasma and S is the cross section. ~ Vin G1 Lamp Model Ballast v(lamp) i(lamp) Analytical

  18. MINUTES OF THE ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING OF THE SOCIETYHELD ON MONDAY 29TH APRIL 2013 AT THE EMMANUEL CHURCH HALL, CAMBRIDGE ROAD, SOUTHPORT.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Timothy

    .. These include: Our President Elect Tony Duffey who is almost always the first person we see on a Monday evening, and has displayed the Agenda for this meeting and the Minutes of the 2012 A.G.M. #12;2 Pat Hey for all of meetings and together with Vin Hey arranging the annual display of members' photos in Birkdale library

  19. Math 5654 4cr Spring 2010 Prediction and Filtering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krylov, Nicolai

    Math 5654 4cr Spring 2010 Syllabus Prediction and Filtering Lectures: 10:10am-12:05pm TTh, VinH 364: Saturday, May 15, 4 pm-6 pm. A few homeworks wil be assigned and the grades for them will enter as 2-dimensional case 133 2:2. Multidimensional case 137 3. Linear filtering 147 Chapter 6. Wiener process

  20. ELEC 225, Fall 2011 Prof. Rich Kozick

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kozick, Richard J.

    compared with high frequencies is a low-pass filter. A circuit that has a larger output amplitude for high frequencies. (Set the function generator for sine-wave output with an amplitude of 2V peak- to-peak.) Connect Channel 1 of the scope to measure the output of the function generator (VIN) and connect Channel 2

  1. ELEC 225, Fall 2012 Prof. Rich Kozick

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kozick, Richard J.

    compared with high frequencies is a low-pass filter. A circuit that has a larger output amplitude for high frequencies. (Set the function generator for sine-wave output with an amplitude of 2V peak- to-peak.) Connect Channel 1 of the scope to measure the output of the function generator (VIN) and connect Channel 2

  2. Rotary Electrodynamics of a DC Motor: Motor as Mechanical Capacitor Lab 2: Modeling and System Identification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rm La im + - vm vin 0 V Jm m m Kg : 1 gm gm g g J m = shaft + gm Motor shaft inertia shaft = Jm m by the motor to its rotational output shaft. · m is the angular speed (i.e., derivative of the motor shaft's angular position m) of the motor's output shaft rotations. · Jm is the rotational inertia of the motor

  3. Biomass power plant feedstock procurement: Modeling transportation cost zones and the potential for competition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kizha., Anil R; Han, Han-Sup; Montgomery, Timothy; Hohl, Aaron

    2015-01-01

    transportation network Green Leaf Power plants Total* $Blue Lake Power and Green Leaf power plants have shut downElectric Company Green Leaf Power Pacific Gas & Electric

  4. Phytologia (April 1, 2015) 97(2)94 Geographic variation in the leaf essential oils of Juniperus grandis (Cupressaceae) III.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    , 2059 m, Tulare Co., CA; Adams 11989-11993, 5km n Big Bear City on CA 18, 34º 17.533'N, 116º 49.153'W

  5. Deviation Between ?13C and Leaf Intercellular Co2 in Salix Interior Cuttings Developing Under Low Light

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Le Roux-Swarthout, Debbie J.; Terwilliger, Valery J.; Martin, Craig E.

    2001-01-01

    these hypotheses by sprouting cuttings of Salix interior under wet and dry soil?moisture conditions in a controlled environmental chamber. Plants were defoliated after 56 d, and watering treatments were then reversed for half of the plants in each treatment. The ?...

  6. Development and characterization of an observatory-class, broadband, non-fedback, leaf-spring interferometric seismometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Otero, José D.

    2009-01-01

    the theoretical tidal power spectra can be computed basedThe detection of tidal peaks within a power spectrum servesconcerns of added power from neighboring tidal constituents.

  7. The determination of the stresses in single and multi-leaf simply supported beams due to impact loading 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Machac, Paul Edward

    1969-01-01

    (Y ) 3 3 2 17 ~W 35 W WL Yd WqL (Y ) d 24EI 24EI 1 ~ 0 17 Wl 35 W The quadratic formula was used to solve the above equation. WL + W L ~cCL 3 2 6 Yd e 24EI 576E I 6EI 22' + 17 Wl W 37 The minus sign was deleted from this equation since a... maximum deflection was desired. Y WL + W L + ~WL 1 3 2 24EI 576E2I2 6EI 1 + 17 W~ 35 W 2 This equation gave the dynamic deflection of the beam. The dynamic stress relationship was determined by making the following assumption which was given...

  8. Development and characterization of an observatory-class, broadband, non-fedback, leaf-spring interferometric seismometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Otero, José D.

    2009-01-01

    the combination of tidal energy from the lunisolar diurnal (likely reflects combined tidal energy from the K1 and P1 (

  9. Development and characterization of an observatory-class, broadband, non-fedback, leaf-spring interferometric seismometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Otero, José D.

    2009-01-01

    were under the standard styrofoam insulation; it is thisassembly was covered with a Styrofoam box containing a smallevacuated bell jars under styrofoam boxes from 2008:086 to

  10. Characterization of a gene from breeding line WX93D180 conferring resistance to leaf rust (Puccinia triticina) in wheat 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hung, Hsiao-Yi

    2009-05-15

    recombinations of virulence can occur several times in a single crop season (Ezzahiri et al., 1992). Continuous shifting of predominant races of P. triticina has 12 constituted a substantial challenge to breeders attempting to produce cultivars with durable...

  11. Air Potato Leaf Feeding Beetle (Lilioceris cheni) Request Form/ Air Potato Vine (Dioscorea bulbifera) Infestation Site Record

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Jeffrey E.

    /Preserve Name (please include for all residential areas): Property Owner/Land Manager: Land Type (residential for residential requests Latitude wait for private lands to receive the beetles. This could change depending on demand. While

  12. TWO COEXISTING, PERMINERALIZED ALETHOPTERIS MORPHOLOGIES FROM IOWA AND A NEW METHOD FOR DIFFERENTIATING THEM BASED ON LEAF GEOMETRY 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehner, Matthew

    2011-08-04

    to the midrib. 21 CHAPTER III RESULTS Dataset The main goal of the study was to determine whether Alethopteris morphology type 2 is distinct other alethopterid morphologies, particularly the coexisting morphotype 1 found in the same coal bed... stream_source_info Final Version3.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 63187 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name Final Version3.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 TWO COEXISTING...

  13. Hydraulic constraints on photosynthesis in subtropical evergreen broad leaf forest and pine woodland trees of the Florida Everglades

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Tim J.; Luton, Corene D.; Santiago, Louis S.; Goldstein, Guillermo

    2010-01-01

    127:445– Zimmermann MH (1978) Hydraulic architecture of someÁ South Florida Á Hydraulic conductivity Á PhotosyntheticArgentina Introduction Plant hydraulic characteristics have

  14. Effects of cross host species inoculation of nitrogen-fixing endophytes on growth and leaf physiology of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doty, Sharon Lafferty

    . Many energy crops including corn may still benefit from diazotrophic endo- phyte inoculations allowing of diazotrophic endophytes isolated from willow (Salix sitchensis, Sitka willow) and poplar (Populus trichocarpa There is a growing emphasis on sustainable food and energy crop production that maintains high productiv- ity while

  15. Photoinduced Energy and Electron Transfer Reactions in Lamellar Polyanion/Polycation Thin Films: Toward an Inorganic "Leaf"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is the kinetically dominant one. The goals of artificial photosynthesis are to mimic different aspects of the natural

  16. Phytologia (November 2013) 95(4) 269 Geographic variation in the volatile leaf oils of Juniperus procera Hochst. ex. Endl.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    procera Hochst. ex. Endl. is the only juniper that grows naturally in both the northern and southern-type apparatus (Adams, 1991). The oil samples were concentrated (diethyl ether trap removed) with nitrogen (November 2013) 95(4)270 1/ sec., directly coupled to a HP 5890 gas chromatograph, using a J & W DB-5, 0

  17. Physical modelling of Nikon Coolpix camera RGB responses for application in non-destructive leaf chlorophyll imaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the video camera used. They neither predicted the tfunctions of the video camera used. They neither

  18. Phytologia (February 2013) 95(1)10 Chemosystematics of Juniperus: Effects of leaf drying on the essential oil composition of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    on the essential oil composition of Juniperus pinchotii Robert P. Adams Biology Department, Baylor University, Box. at 22ºC (room temperature, RT). The oils were distilled and analyzed from fresh, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, and 24 mos. storage at RT. The oil yields showed a slight decline initially, but remained fairly constant

  19. Phytologia (May 2013) 95(2)132 Chemosystematics of Juniperus: Effects of leaf drying on the essential oil composition of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    on the essential oil composition of Juniperus pinchotii, changes during the first 48 hours of drying Robert P-45º C for up to 48 hrs. The oils were distilled and analyzed from fresh leaves and those dried for 4h h of drying (as the leaves became brittle), which explains the previous report of changes in oils

  20. Natural History and Leaf Shelter Construction of the Asian Rice Leptispa Beetle Leptispa pygmaea Baly (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae: Leptispini)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prathapan, Kaniyarikkal Divakaran; Chaboo, Caroline S.; Karthikeyan, Kolandaivelu

    2009-01-15

    1909, Maulik 1919, Khanvilkar et al. 1983, Dalvi et al. 1985a, Dale 1994, Karthikeyan 2007). Anand (1984 1986 1989) also indicated L. pygmaea as a pest of sweet potato (Convolvulaceae: Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam) and sugarcane (Poaceae: Saccharum... 1909, Maulik 1919, Khanvilkar et al. 1983, Dalvi et al. 1985a, Dale 1994, Karthikeyan 2007). Anand (1984 1986 1989) also indicated L. pygmaea as a pest of sweet potato (Convolvulaceae: Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam) and sugarcane (Poaceae: Saccharum...

  1. The University of Notre Dame Patterns of Leaf Mass, Area and Nitrogen in Young Northern Hardwood Forests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Battles, John

    Forests JEN CRAMER', TIM FAHEY2 ANDJOHN BATTLES3 Departmentof Natural Resources,12 FernowHall, Cornell's Terms and Conditions of Use, available at http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp. JSTOR

  2. HIA 2015 DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: BrightLeaf Homes, McCormick Avenue, Brookfield, IL

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12,ExecutiveFinancing Programs |Reference Station

  3. MAS 2: Multiscale Actuated Sensing Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiangming Kong; William Kaiser; Greg Pottie

    2006-01-01

    data Observer Leaf Shading leaf Simulate solar radiationdata to establish models under all conditions Geometry determines direct solar radiation

  4. Traka yon kretyen pandan vwayaj li : adaptasyon liv “Pilgrim’s Progress" / John Bunyan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paultre, Carrie?; Bunyan, John; Ross, Jim D.; Freeman, Bryant C.

    2000-01-01

    konmanse pfcdi tbt li. K6m li te fin aswe, yo fe 1 ale kouche nan kabann li, paske yo konprann yon bon ti domi ta mete lespri 1 anplas. Men nwit la te move tankou jounen an. Li te si eksite, li pa t kapab jwenn som£y. Li pase tout nwit la ap plede... kite zanmi nou 8 yo, kalite bon jan van ki gen isit la?» Kretyen menm reponn yo: «Se sa menm mwen di nou pou nou fe. Zanmi ak plezi pa kapab vin we devan sa m ap chache a. Paske kote m prale a, se la ki gen tout bon bagay. Vin non n a we si sa m...

  5. On inverse problems in electromagnetic field in classical mechanics at fixed energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexandre Jollivet

    2007-01-04

    In this paper, we consider inverse scattering and inverse boundary value problems at sufficiently large and fixed energy for the multidimensional relativistic and nonrelativistic Newton equations in a static external electromagnetic field $(V,B)$, $V\\in C^2,$ $B\\in C^1$ in classical mechanics. Developing the approach going back to Gerver-Nadirashvili 1983's work on an inverse problem of mechanics, we obtain, in particular, theorems of uniqueness.

  6. ELECTRONICS Physics 226 -Spring Quarter, 2009 -University of Chicago

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosner, Jonathan L.

    generator. (See the bottom of p. 103, lab manual. For a high-impedance input one would get instead about 711 circuits: Figure 1: Low-pass filter Figure 2: High-pass filter Answers: For the low-pass filter, f3dB = (2RC)-1 = (2[27 × 103 ][0.1 × 10-6 ])-1 = 58.95 Hz. The ratio of output to input voltage is Vout Vin

  7. Modeling and System Identification for a DC Servo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for the motor shaft. Third, you are given a step response for the open-loop plant and you are asked to use servo showing each step. 1. Suppose that x1 = (the output shaft position), x2 = , u = Vin, and y = (i.e., the output is the shaft position from the encoder or potentiometer). Let the state x = [x1, x2] . Find A, B

  8. American Journal of Botany 95(4): 516519. 2008. Over the past decade botanists have focused on identifying a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enquist, Brian Joseph

    the correlation has been less well stud- ied (Wright et al., 2006). One possibility is that lower wood specific, seed mass, leaf area, foliar stoichiometry, specific leaf area (SLA: leaf area/leaf dry mass) and wood specific gravity. Here we discuss just two of these traits, wood specific gravity and leaf area. Wood

  9. Phytologia (April 1, 2014) 96(2)110 Geographic variation in the volatile leaf oils J. phoenicea var. phoenicea from throughout its range

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    ) analyzed nrDNA and petN sequences for J. phoenicea L. (sensu stricto) from throughout the Mediterranean

  10. An inheritance and cytological study of angular leaf spot resistance in the F? generation of a gossypium three-species hybrid 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bradford, Willis Warren

    1954-01-01

    Predictions of rotordynamic-coefficients for annular honeycomb gas seals are compared using different friction-factor models. Analysis shows that the fundamental improvement in predicting the rotordynamic-coefficients ...

  11. Determination of leaf area index of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) and its relationship to site water balance across a large precipitation gradient in East Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hebert, Mark Thomas

    1996-01-01

    was estimated using the Thornthwaite and Mather (1957) model to predict potential and actual evapotranspiration and moisture deficit. LAI and site water balance were estimated in both 1994 and 1995. 1 hypothesized that LAI would be positively correlated...

  12. Indirect biological control of the coffee leaf rust, Hemileia vastatrix, by the entomogenous fungus Lecanicillium lecanii in a complex coffee agroecosystem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    infestans, the causative agent of the potato blight that contributed to the Great Irish Famine continue 1049-9644/$ - see front matter Ó 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. doi:10.1016/j.biocontrol

  13. ORIGINAL PAPER Functional coordination between branch hydraulic properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malhi, Yadvinder

    ORIGINAL PAPER Functional coordination between branch hydraulic properties and leaf functional coordination between branch hydraulic properties and leaf functional traits among nine miombo woodlands canopy the question: are branch hydraulic properties coordinated with leaf functional traits linked to plant drought

  14. Mechanisms of phosphorus efficiency in potato genotypes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schenk, Manfred K; Balemi, Tesfaye

    2009-01-01

    A) Net photosyn- thetic rate (B) and leaf dark respiration (level) Leaf dark respiration rate (µmol CO2 m-2 s-1) Netnet photosynthetic rate (Fig. 2B) but rather to higher leaf dark

  15. Moving towards pro-poor systems of land administration: Challenges for land and asset distribution in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deininger, Klaus

    2009-01-01

    and Cultural Change 56 Dowell, D. E.and M. Leaf. 1992. "Theland held by a weak claim (Dowell and Leaf 1992). Vietnam

  16. 176 www.newphytologist.org Blackwell Publishing Ltd

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    conducted, studying the response of willows (Salix cinerea) to damage by adult leaf beetles (Phratora. Key words: induced plant defence, insect herbivory, leaf trichomes, Salix cinerea, tolerance. New

  17. Plant Water Use and Growth in Response to Soil Salinity in Irrigated Agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Runkle, Benjamin Reade

    2009-01-01

    of variations in leaf water potential and stomatalresponse to low leaf water potentials .4. quantum yield isfeedback mechanisms. Water Resources Research, 44(4). Ben-

  18. Hinge assembly

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vandergriff, D.H.

    1999-08-31

    A hinge assembly is disclosed having a first leaf, a second leaf and linking member. The first leaf has a contact surface. The second leaf has a first contact surface and a second contact surface. The linking member pivotally connects to the first leaf and to the second leaf. The hinge assembly is capable of moving from a closed position to an open position. In the closed position, the contact surface of the first leaf merges with the first contact surface of the second leaf. In the open position, the contact surface of the first leaf merges with the second contact surface of the second leaf. The hinge assembly can include a seal on the contact surface of the first leaf. 8 figs.

  19. Ann bay lodyans 13 / Se Bryant Freeman ("Tonton Liben") ki pare ti liv sa a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    2000-01-01

    , li pa kite anyen deye. Mouche ale ak ni jwet zo li, ni kat li, ni boutey tafya, menm ti bout tanbou a li pa bliye mete. Konsa, kon mouche rive anwo a, li tabli yon jwet zo ak yon jwet kat, ansanm ak yon konmes kleren. Sa fe, pyes travay pa ka fet... sa a se yon danje piblik. Fok yo jwenn bout li. Depi Telisfo vini an, lanfe a vin tounen yon peyi pleziyis. Abitan yo pwofite fe parese. Men tou, Telisfo pa kite yo gen anyen, menm bout sigaret pa ka rete. Sa ki pi red, se chak jou yon moun...

  20. Mwen renmen yon jenn gason : yon korespondans konfidansye?l

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trobisch, Walter; Paultre, Carrie?; Ross, Jim D.; Freeman, Bryant C.

    2001-01-01

    refize kite I pran lakonminyon. Li tankou si li te santi Legliz te abandonnen I, se pou sa mwen te pe pou I pa t pedi fwa nan Bondye. Men se lekontre de sa m te pe a ki te rive. Sa se yon mirak pou jan li vin gen lafwa. Li santi Bondye te padonnen I.... Ou konnen karakte I, kou II devan yon traka, II mete sa sou kont tout bagay: fwa, lanmou, Bondye, Leta, Legliz, ou menm, mwen menm. Kite m ba ou yon ti moso nan let la: «Pito yon moun mouri pase pou I ap viv san lavi.» «Mwen akize moun yo di...

  1. Determination of the length and compass orientation of hydraulic fractures by pulse testing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manohar, Madan Mohan

    1984-01-01

    S3HAIDVHi OIlflVHOAH i0 NOIlVIN3IHO SSVHWOO QNV HlBN31 3Wl iO NOIlVNIWH3l30 DETERMINATION OF THE LENGTH AND COMPASS ORIENTATION OF HYDRAULIC FRACTURES BY PULSE TESTING A Thesis by MADAN MOHAN MANOHAR Approved as to Style and Content by: Wi... liam J. Lee (Ch ai rman of Commi t tee ) Le a M. Je Member) Richard A. Morse (Member) D. Yon Gonten ( d of Department) December 1984 ABSTRACT Determination of the Length and Compass Drientat1on of Hydraulic Fractures by Pulse Testing...

  2. s61553@mail.ecc.u-tokyo.ac.jp FPGA(Field Programmable Gate Array)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aihara, Hiroaki

    ) FPGA MathWorks MATLAB 2 FIR(Finite Impulse Response) x(tn) y(tn) y(tn) = N-1 k=0 akx(tn-k) (1) N s x ( t - 2n s )] × k ak exp ( i 2 s k ) (2) ak Fourier MATLAB 1 #12;3 1 1 AMPADC DAC FPGA Xilink Spartan3e × Vin - 1.65(V) 1.25(V) × 8192 (3) MATLAB 5 10kHz 5 N = 101 DAC(LTC2624) DAC Vout = D[11 : 0] 4096 × (3

  3. A study of histological and histochemical changes in the reproductive organs of male rats fed on riboflavin deficient diets of known concentration 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeilinga de Boer, Jelle

    1956-01-01

    ON RIBQFlkVIN DEFICIENT DIETS OF ENONN CONCENTRATION A Theele Jelle de Boer Ayyroved aa to otyle and coateat bye (Chal rmaa the ceaal thee) ( ead of the departeumt Auguet 19/6 l nish to express sy gratitude to Dr. Sidney 0. green, Professor... eliot and acre ln)ected 'pageategaig ?1th hasen ecsscgto ci' i lheflavin varIlaN froa Q to LB @lcrogreas psr dng, lllatilogica1 etadlee cere sado of tho, gate in the flget too oier~? vhego ths rata oars fed a ccatro1 dicta a restricted diet ead a...

  4. High frequency dispersive estimates for the Schrodinger equation in high dimensions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernando Cardoso; Claudio Cuevas; Georgi Vodev

    2009-11-23

    We prove optimal dispersive estimates at high frequency for the Schrodinger group with real-valued potentials $V(x)=O(|x|^{-\\delta})$, $\\delta>n-1$, and $V\\in C^k({\\bf R}^n$, $k>k_n$, where $n\\ge 4$ and $(n-3)/2\\le k_n

  5. The Identification of Two Maturity Loci Sheds Light on Photoperiodic Flowering in Sorghum 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, Rebecca

    2012-10-19

    MERISTEM VIN3 COLD FLC FLC FT FD GI LIM1 AGL24 SOC1 WUS CLV TFL1 LFY CAL AP1 FLK FVE FLD LD G AAAAA FCA FPA FY SEP SEP AG AGC SEP SEPAP1 AP1 SEP AG AP3 PI SEPAP1 AP3PI A B FLC mRNA SUS1 SUC2 SUC6 SUC7CH2OH CH2OH CH2... THE IDENTIFICATION OF TWO MATURITY LOCI SHEDS LIGHT ON PHOTOPERIODIC FLOWERING IN SORGHUM A Dissertation by REBECCA LEA MURPHY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...

  6. Chaotic distributions for relativistic particles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dawan Mustafa; Bernt Wennberg

    2015-03-16

    We study a modified Kac model where the classical kinetic energy is replaced by an arbitrary energy function $\\phi(v)$, $v\\in\\mathbb{R}$. The aim of this paper is to show that the uniform distribution with respect to the microcanonical measure is $Ce^{-z_0\\phi(v)} $-chaotic, $C,z_0\\in\\mathbb{R}_{+}$. The kinetic energy for relativistic particles is a special case. A generalization to the case $v\\in \\mathbb{R}^d$ which involves conservation momentum is also formally discussed.

  7. Vincent Smentkowksi | Inventors | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired SolarAbout /Two0 -UsingHeat & Cool »VideoNewsand downloadVin

  8. Virgin Pulse Wellness Program

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired SolarAbout /Two0 -UsingHeat & Cool »VideoNewsand downloadVinVirgin

  9. Unofficial and Unapproved Minutes These minutes are disseminated to provide information to the UTD Staff Council. They have not

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Toole, Alice J.

    Iverson, Jay Jascott, Murray Leaf, Betty Maldonado, Lin Maute, Troy McFarland, Howard Medlock, Sandra

  10. Achillea lanulosa western yarrow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    mustard · Yellow flowers · "Fish hook" subdivisions on leaf margins #12;Fragaria ovalis strawberry · Grows

  11. Drought Tolerance in Quercus douglasii in the California Mediterranean Savanna: A study of photosynthetic functional responses, limitations, and changes during annual seasonal drought

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osuna, Jessica Lee

    2011-01-01

    4.0 6.0 Leaf-to-Air Vapor Pressure Difference (kPa) Leaf-to-2 4 6 0 2 4 6 8 Leaf to Air Vapor Pressure Difference (kPa)Leaf to Air Vapor Pressure Difference (kPa) Figure 3.3

  12. GP8.00148 Magnetohydrodynamics inside a rotating sphere. , DAVID MONTGOMERY1, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755, PABLO MININNI2, NCAR, Boulder, Colorado 80307, LEAF TURNER3, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 --The equations of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ng, Chung-Sang

    on the underlying spectrum for linear plasma waves by eliminating the Case-Van Kampen continuous spectrum in proportion to the driving frequency deviation from the linear resonance. The stability of this phase

  13. Interplay of oxygen-evolution kinetics and photovoltaic power curves on the construction of artificial leaves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Surendranath, Yogesh

    An artificial leaf can perform direct solar-to-fuels conversion. The construction of an efficient artificial leaf or other photovoltaic (PV)-photoelectrochemical device requires that the power curve of the PV material and ...

  14. GUIDE FOR IDENTIFICATION OF IMPORTANT DISEASES IN STRAWBERRY IN CALIFORNIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ullrich, Paul

    GUIDE FOR IDENTIFICATION OF IMPORTANT DISEASES IN STRAWBERRY IN CALIFORNIA Anthracnose Angular Leaf on the underside of the leaf is one of the most recognizable signs of bacterial infection on strawberry leaves

  15. The War against Biotic Invasion - A New Challenge of Biodiversity Conservation for China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Yuhong

    2006-01-01

    Shanxi province within months. 40 The coconut leaf beetle (also known as coconut hispid or palm leaf beetle), an alienis danger that all of the coconut palms on the island could

  16. Multiscale remote sensing of plant physiology and carbon uptake 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atherton, Jon Mark

    2012-06-25

    This study investigated the use of optical remote sensing for estimating leaf and canopy scale light use efficiency (LUE) and carbon exchange. In addition, a new leaf level model capable of predicting dynamic changes in ...

  17. The Influence of Epidermal Windows on the Light Environment Within the Leaves of Six Succulents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Egbert, Kathryn J.; Martin, Craig E.; Vogelmann, Thomas C.

    2008-01-01

    leaf area), or location inside the leaf, although light levels generally declined and wavelengths increased deeper in the leaves. Application of reflective tape to the windows reduced internal light levels in L. olivacea and S. rowleyanus, although...

  18. Fact #683: July 11, 2011 Federal Tax Credits for the Purchase...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Sedan 2011 Nissan Leaf 2011 Nissan Leaf 2011 Smart For Two 2011 Smart For Two 2008-2010 Tesla Roadster 2008-2010 Tesla Roadster 2011 Wheego 2011 Wheego LiFe Hybrids 2005 - 2010...

  19. Report to the New Jersey State Board of Agriculture September 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, Robert M.

    over bare ground and black plastic production. It was found shredded leaf mulch application yields agriculture for a changing climate." Shredded leaf mulch application is a worthwhile cultural practice

  20. Phytologia (December 2011) 93(3) 293 TAXONOMY OF JUNIPERUS DELTOIDES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    : LEAF TERPENOIDS AND SNPS FROM nrDNA AND petN Robert P. Adams Baylor University, Biology Department, One

  1. BfcBeaker's sandwichesserved from 10:30 a.m. -3 p.m. Monday -Friday

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oklahoma, University of

    .99 Thinly sliced ham, Swiss cheese, and leaf lettuce with stoneground dijon Double Decker Club 5.99 Turkey

  2. Biofortifying Brassica with calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    significant proportion of the total variation in shoot/leaf-substantial proportion (>70%) of the species-wide variation

  3. Investigation of North American vegetation variability under recent climate: A study using the SSiB4/TRIFFID biophysical/dynamic vegetation model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Z; Xue, Y; Macdonald, G; Cox, PM; Collatz, GJ

    2015-01-01

    Evaluation of CMIP5 Earth System Models in Reproducing LeafHemisphere. Part II: Earth System Models. Remote Sensing, 5,

  4. RESEARCH ARTICLES A Conserved Mechanism of Bract Suppression in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, David

    ORGANS (UFO) (Hepworth et al., 2006). In addition, several genes with a general role in promoting leaf

  5. Ovipositional preferences of the tobacco budworm, Heliothis virescens (Fabricius) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deutsch, Randall Gary

    1968-01-01

    linea of cotton were selected according to the degree of epidermal hairs (trichomes) on the leaf surface. The hirsute line (genotype H2H2) contained simple and stellate hairs on the leaf veins and on the leaf surface between the veins. The normal line...

  6. Interacting elevated CO2 and tropospheric O3 predisposes aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) to infection by rust

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noormets, Asko

    with either O3 alone or CO2 O3 depending on aspen clone. Examination of leaf surface properties (wax ap- pearance, wax amount, wax chemical composition, leaf surface and wettability) sug- gested significant that it is likely predisposing the plants to increased infection by aspen leaf rust. Keywords: epicuticular wax

  7. Genizah MS T-S AS 79.96

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2010-12-07

    22.2 (1 leaf: 11.2); 6–11 lines *m Paper; 2 leaves (bifolium); torn, holes, rubbed, stained *l Hebrew; Judaeo-Arabic *c Leaf 1: Text and translation of Mishnah Avot 2:8. Leaf 2: text and translation of Avot de-Rabbi Natan (B) 32 *e The Hebrew text...

  8. Osmotic adjustment in sessile oak seedlings in response to drought

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Note Osmotic adjustment in sessile oak seedlings in response to drought C Collet JM Guehl 1 Équipe of drought development, respectively, and leaf osmotic potential at full tur- gor reached values of -2.0 and -1.5 MPa, for the same treatments. For both treatments, leaf water poten- tial and leaf osmotic

  9. Rice Bran for Fattening Hogs. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McConnell, O. E.; Williams, D. W. (David Willard)

    1922-01-01

    . . . . . . . . . . . leaf fat, 46.5" C., hack fat, 41.9" C. No. 2, grazed on peanuts. . . . . . . . . . .leaf fat, 44.8" C., back fat, 43.8" C. No. 3, no peanuts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . leaf fat, 44.9 " C., back fat, 41.7" C. No. 4, no peanuts...

  10. Plant, Cell and Environment {^992) 15, 471-477 Hydraulic architecture of sugarcane in relation to patterns of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neufeld, Howard S.

    transpiration were also measured in intact plants as a function of plant size. Leaf specific hydraulic surface area; E, transpiration per unit leaf area; L, hydraulic conductance; Lsc. leaf specific as the hydraulic conductance (L) per unit segment length L = q/{AP/Ax) (1) where q is the rate of water flow

  11. Seasonal development of ozone-induced foliar injury on tall milkweed (Asclepias exaltata) in Great Smoky Mountains National Park

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neufeld, Howard S.

    Seasonal development of ozone-induced foliar injury on tall milkweed (Asclepias exaltata) in Great by symptoms of foliar ozone injury. Abstract The goals of this study were to document the development of ozone-induced foliar injury, on a leaf-by-leaf basis, and to develop ozone exposure relationships for leaf cohorts

  12. Let's makeleaf people! White Ash tree

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashline, George

    Let's makeleaf people! White Ash tree Seedling Activity Tree location Let's start by exploring the leaf of the White Ash tree! Can you describe the leaf? Does it have smooth-edges or rough-edges? What of anything? Try this... Let's create leaf people from the shape of the White Ash leaves. The shape

  13. Analysis and modeling of gas exchange processes in Scaevola aemula Soo-Hyung Kim a,*, Paul R. Fisher b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lieth, J. Heinrich

    concentration, and leaf temperature. Net CO2 assimilation rate (A) was responsive to CO2, exhibiting = 1500 mmol mÀ2 sÀ1 . Net CO2 assimilation rates were similar at leaf temperatures between 20 and 30 8C then compared with observations at different leaf temperatures. The model predicted the rates of net CO2

  14. Summary Weusedthreemethodstomeasureboundarylayer conductance to heat transfer (gbH) and water vapor transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Timothy

    Summary Weusedthreemethodstomeasureboundarylayer conductance to heat transfer (gbH) and water vapor of transpiration). The boundary layer conductance to heat transfer is small enough that leaf temperature can become diffusion, the boundary layer around a leaf also provides resistance to the transfer of heat between a leaf

  15. 2010 Honda Civic Hybrid UltraBattery Conversion 5577 - Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tyler Gray; Matthew Shirk; Jeffrey Wishart

    2013-07-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity Program consists of vehicle, battery, and infrastructure testing on advanced technology related to transportation. The activity includes tests on hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), including testing the HEV batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new and at the conclusion of on-road fleet testing. This report documents battery testing performed for the 2010 Honda Civic HEV UltraBattery Conversion (VIN JHMFA3F24AS005577). Battery testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation dba ECOtality North America. The Idaho National Laboratory and ECOtality North America collaborate on the AVTA for the Vehicle Technologies Program of the DOE.

  16. 2011 Hyundai Sonata 4932 - Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tyler Gray; Matthew Shirk; Jeffrey Wishart

    2013-07-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity Program consists of vehicle, battery, and infrastructure testing on advanced technology related to transportation. The activity includes tests on hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), including testing the HEV batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of on-road fleet testing. This report documents battery testing performed for the 2011 Hyundai Sonata Hybrid HEV (VIN KMHEC4A43BA004932). Battery testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation dba ECOtality North America. The Idaho National Laboratory and ECOtality North America collaborate on the AVTA for the Vehicle Technologies Program of the DOE.

  17. 2011 Honda CR-Z 4466 - Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tyler Gray; Matthew Shirk; Jeffrey Wishart

    2014-09-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity Program consists of vehicle, battery, and infrastructure testing on advanced technology related to transportation. The activity includes tests on hybrid electric vehicles, including testing traction batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of on-road fleet testing. This report documents battery testing performed for the 2011 Honda CR-Z (VIN JHMZF1C67BS004466). Battery testing was performed by Intertek Testing Services NA. The Idaho National Laboratory and Intertek collaborate on the Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the Vehicle Technologies Office of the U.S. Department of Energy.

  18. 2011 Hyundai Sonata 3539 - Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matthew Shirk; Tyler Gray; Jeffrey Wishart

    2014-09-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity Program consists of vehicle, battery, and infrastructure testing on advanced technology related to transportation. The activity includes tests on hybrid electric vehicles, including testing hybrid electric vehicle batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of on-road fleet testing. This report documents battery testing performed for the 2011 Hyundai Sonata Hybrid (VIN KMHEC4A47BA003539). Battery testing was performed by Intertek Testing Services NA. The Idaho National Laboratory and Intertek collaborate on the Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the Vehicle Technologies Program of the U.S. Department of Energy.

  19. 2011 HONDA CR-Z 2982 - HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE BATTERY TEST RESULTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gray, Tyler; Shirk, Matthew; Wishart, Jeffrey

    2014-09-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity Program consists of vehicle, battery, and infrastructure testing on advanced technology related to transportation. The activity includes tests on hybrid electric vehicles, including testing traction batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of on-road fleet testing. This report documents battery testing performed for the 2011 Honda CR-Z (VIN JHMZF1C64BS002982). Battery testing was performed by Intertek Testing Services NA. The Idaho National Laboratory and Intertek collaborate on the Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the Vehicle Technologies Office of the U.S. Department of Energy.

  20. Inverse scattering at high energies for the multidimensional Newton equation in a long range potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexandre Jollivet

    2013-06-16

    We define scattering data for the Newton equation in a potential $V\\in C^2(\\R^n,\\R)$, $n\\ge2$, that decays at infinity like $r^{-\\alpha}$ for some $\\alpha\\in (0,1]$. We provide estimates on the scattering solutions and scattering data and we prove, in particular, that the scattering data at high energies uniquely determine the short range part of the potential up to the knowledge of the long range tail of the potential. The Born approximation at fixed energy of the scattering data is also considered. We then change the definition of the scattering data to study inverse scattering in other asymptotic regimes. These results were obtained by developing the inverse scattering approach of [Novikov, 1999].

  1. Cc Qun tr Hng khng v Khng gian Quc gia Chng trnh H thng Khng phn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    cu Ames NASA và Trung tâm Nghiên cu Langley NASA--cng nh cng tác vi ngành, gii hc vin và các c quan sân bay, trin khai và máy bay; và Gim thi gian di chuyn cng nh nhng chm tr liên quan n di chuyn. Hình nh (Theo chiu kim ng h, t trái sang phi) Phòng thí nghim Vn hành Không lu: Phòng thí nghim này, cng

  2. 2007 Nissan Altima-7982 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tyler Grey; Chester Motloch; James Francfort

    2010-01-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity conducts several different types of tests on hybrid electric vehicles, including testing hybrid electric vehicles batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new, and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of accelerated testing. This report documents the battery testing performed and battery testing results for the 2007 Nissan Altima hybrid electric vehicle (Vin Number 1N4CL21E27C177982). Testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation. The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity is part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program. The Idaho National Laboratory and the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation conduct Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the U.S. Department of Energy.

  3. 2006 Toyota Highlander-5681 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tyler Gray; Chester Motloch; James Francfort

    2010-01-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity conducts several different types of tests on hybrid electric vehicles, including testing hybrid electric vehicles batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new, and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of accelerated testing. This report documents the battery testing performed and battery testing results for the 2007 Toyota Highlander hybrid electric vehicle (Vin Number JTEDW21A860005681). Testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation. The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity is part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program. The Idaho National Laboratory and the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation conduct Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the U.S. Department of Energy.

  4. 2006 Toyota Highlander-6395 Hyrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tyler Gray; Chester Motloch; James Francfort

    2010-01-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity conducts several different types of tests on hybrid electric vehicles, including testing hybrid electric vehicles batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new, and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of accelerated testing. This report documents the battery testing performed and battery testing results for the 2007 Toyota Highlander hybrid electric vehicle (Vin Number JTEDW21A160006395). Testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation. The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity is part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program. The Idaho National Laboratory and the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation conduct Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the U.S. Department of Energy.

  5. 2007 Toyota Camry-6330 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tyler Gray; Chester Motloch; James Francfort

    2010-01-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) conducts several different types of tests on hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), including testing hybrid electric vehicles batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new, and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of accelerated testing. This report documents the battery testing performed and battery testing results for the 2007 Toyota Camry hybrid electric vehicle (Vin Number JTNBB46K673006330). Testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation. The AVTA is part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program. The Idaho National Laboratory and the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation conduct AVTA for the U.S. Department of Energy.

  6. 2007 Toyota Camry-7129 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tyler Gray; Chester Motloch; James Francfort

    2010-01-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity conducts several different types of tests on hybrid electric vehicles, including testing hybrid electric vehicles batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new, and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of accelerated testing. This report documents the battery testing performed and battery testing results for the 2007 Toyota Camry hybrid electric vehicle (Vin Number JTNBB46K773007129). Testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation. The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity is part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program. The Idaho National Laboratory and the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation conduct Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the U.S. Department of Energy.

  7. 2007 Nissan Altima-2351 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tyler Gray; Chester Motloch; James Francfort

    2010-01-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) conducts several different types of tests on hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), including testing the HEV batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new, and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of on-road accelerated testing. This report documents the battery testing performed and the battery testing results for the 2007 Nissan Altima HEV, number 2351 (VIN 1N4CL21E87C172351). The battery testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation (eTec). The Idaho National Laboratory and eTec conduct the AVTA for DOE’s Vehicle Technologies Program.

  8. 2006 Lexus RX400h-4807 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tyler Gray; Chester Motloch; James Francfort

    2010-01-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity conducts several different types of tests on hybrid electric vehicles, including testing hybrid electric vehicles batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new, and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of accelerated testing. This report documents the battery testing performed and battery testing results for the 2007 Lexus RX900h hybrid electric vehicle (Vin Number JTJHW31U660004807). Testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation. The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity is part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program. The Idaho National Laboratory and the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation conduct Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the U.S. Department of Energy.

  9. 2006 Lexus RX400h-2575 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tyler Gray; Chester Motloch; James Francfort

    2010-01-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity conducts several different types of tests on hybrid electric vehicles, including testing hybrid electric vehicles batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new, and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of accelerated testing. This report documents the battery testing performed and battery testing results for the 2007 Lexus RX900h hybrid electric vehicle (Vin Number JTJHW31U660002575). Testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation. The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity is part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program. The Idaho National Laboratory and the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation conduct Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the U.S. Department of Energy.

  10. Low voltage vertical recording preamplifier for hard disk drives 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mellachervu, Ramachandra Murthy

    2004-11-15

    CA1G mL + s2[CCgs+Cpi(C+Cgs)]g mNGmL 1 + s bracketleftBig 2C GmLAo + Cgs gmN + gpi(C+Cgs) gmNGmLAo bracketrightBig + s2 [2CCgs+Cpi(C+Cgs)]Aog mNGmL (6.22) The terms used have been shown in Fig.29. A1 = GmLRGmL where RGmL is the output resistance... Q2 Q4 Vout/2 Q3 RL Cpi Cpi GmL LR Cgs Ib 3Ib/8 3Ib/8 Vbias VCC VEE C Fig. 29. Schematic to understand signal feedthrough due to parasitic base-emitter ca- pacitor The equation can be simplified if we assume gmN >> GmLAo6 and can be written as, Vo Vin...

  11. Further studies on the role of unidentified factors and gossypol in the nutrition of the domestic fowl 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Willingham, Haskell Eugene

    1956-01-01

    protein (Drackett C-7) Soybean oil Salts T-Il 65?00 22?V5 2?76 8?00 The following amount of vitamins and amino acids were added per kilogram of dietJ Thiamine hydroch1oride, 4 mg, J ribof18vin? 6 mg?J calcium pantothenatc, 16 mg ~ J niacin, 100 mg.... U ~ J vitamin A, 10, 000 IFf. J methionine? V, S gm?J giycine, 4 gms ~ J and penicillins 55 mg? 2 Mineral mixture supplied the following psr kilogram of diet J CaC05? 14?6 gm?J CaHPOA 2E20? 42 1 gms ~ J KaCI? Q, 6 gms?J EnSO&? 5 ~? 1?I gms ~ J...

  12. Salinomycin sensitizes antimitotic drugs-treated cancer cells by increasing apoptosis via the prevention of G2 arrest

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Ju-Hwa; Yoo, Hye-In; Kang, Han Sung; Ro, Jungsil [Research Institute, National Cancer Center, Ilsan-gu, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do (Korea, Republic of)] [Research Institute, National Cancer Center, Ilsan-gu, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do (Korea, Republic of); Yoon, Sungpil, E-mail: yoons@ncc.re.kr [Research Institute, National Cancer Center, Ilsan-gu, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do (Korea, Republic of)] [Research Institute, National Cancer Center, Ilsan-gu, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-02-03

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Sal sensitizes antimitotic drugs-treated cancer cells. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Sal sensitizes them by prevention of G2 arrest and reduced cyclin D1 levels. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Sal also sensitizes them by increasing DNA damage and reducing p21 level. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A low concentration of Sal effectively sensitized the cancer cells to antimitotic drugs. -- Abstract: Here, we investigated whether Sal could sensitize cancer cells to antimitotic drugs. We demonstrated that Sal sensitized paclitaxcel (PAC)-, docetaxcel (DOC)-, vinblastin (VIN)-, or colchicine (COL)-treated cancer cell lines, suggesting that Sal has the ability to sensitize the cells to any form of microtubule-targeting drugs. Sensitization to the antimitotic drugs could be achieved with very low concentrations of Sal, suggesting that there is a possibility to minimize Sal toxicity associated with human cancer patient treatments. Sensitization by Sal increased apoptosis, which was observed by C-PARP production. Sal sensitized the cancer cells to antimitotic drugs by preventing G2 arrest, suggesting that Sal contributes to the induction of mitotic catastrophe. Sal generally reduced cyclin D1 levels in PAC-, DOC-, and VIN-treated cells. In addition, Sal treatment increased pH2AX levels and reduced p21 levels in antimitotic drugs-treated cells. These observations suggest that the mechanisms underlying Sal sensitization to DNA-damaging compounds, radiation, and microtubule-targeting drugs are similar. Our data demonstrated that Sal sensitizes cancer cells to antimitotic drugs by increasing apoptosis through the prevention of G2 arrest via conserved Sal-sensitization mechanisms. These results may contribute to the development of Sal-based chemotherapy for cancer patients treated with antimitotic drugs.

  13. Integrated Analysis of Phenology, Traits, and QTL in the Drought Tolerant Sorghum Genotypes BTx642 and RTx7000 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weers, Brock D.

    2012-10-19

    ................................... 20 2.7 BTx642 and RTx7000 individual leaf dry weight ..................................... 21 2.8 BTx642 and RTx7000 total leaf area time course ...................................... 22 2.9 BTx642 and RTx7000 individual leaf area... lines grown in the field in 2009 and 2010 .................. 166 8.2 Analysis of variance across field conditions in 2009-2010 for root size parameters in the BTx642 x RTx7000 RIL population...

  14. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA- All-Electric Vehicle (Car) Performance Data

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) uses standard procedures and test specifications to test and collect data from vehicles on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. Downloadable performance and testing data on the all-electric versions of the following vehicles is available: 2014 Smart Electric Drive Coupe, 2013 Ford Focus, 2013 Nissan Leaf, 2012 Mitsubishi i-MiEV, 2012 Nissan Leaf, 2011 Nissan Leaf, 2010 USPS eLLV Conversions, and 2009 BMW Mini-E.

  15. Foliar water uptake: a common water acquisition strategy for plants of the redwood forest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Limm, Emily Burns; Simonin, Kevin A.; Bothman, Aron G.; Dawson, Todd E.

    2009-01-01

    at -20°C until leaf water extraction and stable hydrogenEhleringer JR (2006) Water extraction times for plant andthe extraction line, we extracted one known standard water

  16. Fertilization effects on the ecohydrology of a southern California annual grassland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parolari, Anthony Joseph

    Nitrogen limits leaf gas exchange, canopy development, and evapotranspiration in many ecosystems. In dryland ecosystems, it is unclear whether increased anthropogenic nitrogen inputs alter the widely recognized dominance ...

  17. Analysis of the raw data of sample plots in NFIMAP Cycle IV ...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Desktop Application ComplexityEase of Use: Not Available Website: www.leafasia.orglibraryusaid-leaf-analysis-raw-date-sample-plots-nfi Cost: Free Language: English Logo:...

  18. Final Scientific/Technical Report Grant title: Use of ARM Measurements...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    atmospheric radiative transfer; spectral invariance of single scattering albedo for water droplets and ice crystals at weakly absorbing wavelengths; seasonal changes in leaf...

  19. Synthetic and organic fungicide control of apple scab: 2009 field trial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Janousek, Christopher N; Bay, Ian S; Gubler, W. Douglas

    2009-01-01

    during leaf fall to control apple scab (Venturia inaequalis)mixtures on scab control in apple orchards. Plant Pathologyscab development in an organic apple orchard. Agriculture,

  20. Fungicide control of apple scab: 2010 field trial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eynard, James; Wunderlich, Lynn; Gubler, W D

    2010-01-01

    communications. 2010 Apple scab field trial, Department ofduring leaf fall to control apple scab (Venturia inaequalis)mixtures on scab control in apple orchards. Plant Pathology

  1. "Title","Creator/Author","Publication Date","OSTI Identifier...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    archive for 2004-2006, Additionally, measurements of leaf biochemistry and physiology, biomass inventory, tree allometry, successional trends other variables were...

  2. Fault Segments and Step-overs : : Implications for Geohazards and Biohabitats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maloney, Jillian Marie

    2013-01-01

    on core data and seismic stratigraphy, there is no evidencethe lithostratigraphy and seismic stratigraphy (Figure 6).are ~10–15 m high. Seismic Stratigraphy Fallen Leaf Lake

  3. Simulating boreal forest carbon dynamics after stand-replacing fire disturbance: insights from a global process-based vegetation model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    NPP, GPP, respiration, and NEP during boreal forest succes-evaluated comprise GPP, NEP, TER, leaf area index (LAI),net ecosystem production or NEP, total ecosystem respiration

  4. Decision Support Tool: Integrated REDD+ accounting frameworks...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    approaches AgencyCompany Organization: USAID LEAF Focus Area: Other Topics: Analysis Tools Resource Type: Guidemanual User Interface: Website ComplexityEase of Use: Simple...

  5. Reliable estimation of biochemical parameters from C3 leafphotosynthe...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Reliable estimation of biochemical parameters from C3 leaf photosynthesis-intercellular carbon dioxide response curves Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Reliable...

  6. PRIMARY RESEARCH PAPER Short-term responses of decomposers to flow restoration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marks, Jane

    was previously diverted for hydropower generation. Leaf litter decomposition was significantly slower below & Stanford, 1983; Bednarek, 2001). Dam decommissionings offer the potential to reverse some

  7. Plant-Water Relations in Seasonally Dry Tropical Montane Cloud Forests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldsmith, Gregory Rubin

    2012-01-01

    treatment. Figure 3. Leaf water potential measured over timeecosystems, including soil water use generally between 20 cmboth deep roots and deep water use by plants have also been

  8. Integrated Landscape Management

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    - In FY14 project emerged from WBS 1.1.1.2 - Sustainable Feedstock Production- Logistics Interface - Development of LEAF (Landscape Environmental Assessment Framework) For...

  9. PHLOEM EXUDATION STUDIES IN SELECTED WOODY TREES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Costello, Laurence Raleigh

    2013-01-01

    Castor Bean Fig. lb. Eucalyptus sideroxylon var. rosea Fig.communis leaf (left). Eucalyptus sideroxylon shoot (middle),species were selected: Eucalyptus sideroxylon var. rosea,

  10. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    new isoprene emission models based on the responses of leaf biochemistry to future climate change and elevated atmospheric CO2 concentrations. less January 2007 The likely...

  11. Chemical variation within and among six northern willow species Tommi Nyman a,*, Riitta Julkunen-Tiitto b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nyman, Tommi

    phenolic compounds in 120 leaf samples representing six northern Salix species. Multivariate clustering are produced. Ó 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Keywords: Salix, Salicaceae; Willows; HPLC

  12. Search for: All records | DOE PAGES

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    less December 2015, BioMed Central The relationship between leaf area growth and biomass accumulation in Arabidopsis thaliana Weraduwage, Sarathi M. ; Chen, Jin ; Anozie,...

  13. Thermal ecology and habitat selection of two cryptic skinks (Scincidae: Emoia cyanura, E. impar) on Mo'orea, French Polynesia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McElroy, Matt T

    2007-01-01

    Substrate Angiopteris Coconut Leaf Litter FIG. 2. Substratealong the coast include Coconut (Cocos nucifer), Indianobserved along the Three Coconut Trail at the Belvedere,

  14. Attribute-Based Encryption for Circuits from Multilinear Maps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    for these secrets using algebra. This computational hiding in bilinear map based systems allows an authority Zp for each leaf node y in the boole

  15. Flue-Cured Tobacco Curing Efficiency Research Tour

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in tobacco curing Novel heat recovery technology Program begins at 11:30 a.m. JF Leaf, Ltd. (Jim and Jay

  16. Effects of glyphosate over-the-top applications on the reproductive growth of Roundup Ready cotton 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mery Suarez, Ramon Felipe

    2003-01-01

    ; 4-, 8-, and 12-leaf. The rates used bracketed the single over-the-top recommended rate of Roundup Ultra of 2.37 L ha?¹ until the 4-leaf stage. Twelve hours after natural pollination, the degree of anther opening and the number of pollen grains...

  17. 200 Plant Disease / Vol. 87 No. 2200 Disease Notes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pappu, Hanu R.

    Leaf Curl Begomoviruses from Pakistan. S. L. Shih, W. S. Tsai, and S. K. Green, The Asian Vegetable Disease Research Institute, National Agricultural Research Centre, Islamabad, Pakistan; M. A. Rezaian in Pakistan. One chili sample with leaf curl symptoms was collected in 1998 in Multan (Punjab Province

  18. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA Vol. 94, pp. 1373013734, December 1997

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    (photosynthesis) and carbon loss (respiration) increase in similar proportion with decreasing leaf life of individual plants and of leaves in vegetation canopies also changes in constant proportion to leaf life for global scale modeling of vegetation­atmosphere CO2 exchange. Enormous interspecific variation in plant

  19. Final Scientific/Technical Report Grant title: Use of ARM Measurements of Spectral Zenith Radiance for Better Understanding of 3D Cloud-Radiation Processes and Aerosol-Cloud Interaction This is a collaborative project with the NASA GSFC project of Dr. A. Marshak and W. Wiscombe (PIs). This report covers BU activities from February 2011 to June 2011 and BU "Â?no-cost extension" activities from June 2011 to June 2012. This report summarizes results that complement a final technical report submitted by the PIs in 2011.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knyazikhin, Y

    2012-09-10

    Main results are summarized for work in these areas: spectrally-invariant approximation within atmospheric radiative transfer; spectral invariance of single scattering albedo for water droplets and ice crystals at weakly absorbing wavelengths; seasonal changes in leaf area of Amazon forests from leaf flushing and abscission; and Cloud droplet size and liquid water path retrievals from zenith radiance measurements.

  20. An Insect Herbivore Microbiome with High Plant Biomass-Degrading Capacity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pauly, Markus

    An Insect Herbivore Microbiome with High Plant Biomass-Degrading Capacity Garret Suen1,2 , Jarrod J symbiotic associations with lignocellulolytic microbes. A paradigmatic example is the leaf-cutter ant (Tribe that the fungus garden microbiome of leaf-cutter ants is composed of a diverse community of bacteria with high

  1. Summary We investigated hydraulic conductance charac-teristics and associated dry matter production and distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeJong, Theodore

    Summary We investigated hydraulic conductance charac- teristics and associated dry matter') vigor rootstock. `K146-43' and `Hiawatha' rootstocks had 27 and 52% lower mean leaf-specific hydraulic and rootstock, which may be a compensatory response to the differences in leaf specific hydraulic conduc- tance

  2. GREEN MOUNTAIN MORRIS DANCERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GREEN MOUNTAIN MORRIS DANCERS A young men's team performing Morris & Sword dances from England Mountain (boys) and Maple Leaf (girls) will be recruiting new members in January 2009, typically 6th grade, but as a springtime dance, to awaken the earth. The Green Mountain Morris and Maple Leaf Morris are based in Norwich

  3. Am. J. Enol. Vitic. 59:3 (2008) The chlorophylls, Chl a and Chl b, are virtually essen-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gitelson, Anatoly

    2008-01-01

    pigments for the conversion of light energy to stored chemical energy. The amount of solar radiation is incorporated in Chl (Filella et al. 1995). Furthermore, leaf Chl content is closely re- lated to plant stress used wet chemical pigment analysis in- cludes leaf extraction with organic solvents and spec

  4. Antaphid interactions on Asclepias syriaca are mediated by plant genotype and caterpillar damage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mooney, Kailen A.

    1 Ant­aphid interactions on Asclepias syriaca are mediated by plant genotype and caterpillar damage in induced responses to herbivory. Here we test whether induced responses to leaf damage and genotypic-way factorial field experiment manipulating plant genotype, leaf damage by specialist monarch caterpillars

  5. Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference 137 (2007) 11511160 www.elsevier.com/locate/jspi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gelman, Andrew

    2007-01-01

    Author's personal copy Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference 137 (2007) 1151­1160 www utility (see Luce and Raiffa, 1957, for a mathematical treatment and comparison to other axiomatic are assigned utilities. (A leaf can itself represent a subtree, in which case the utility assigned to the leaf

  6. Ecology. 73(1), 1992. pp. 1-14 43 1992 by the EcologicalSociety ofAmerica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -occuning evergreen oak Quercus agrifolia. However, the efficiency of water and nitrogen use is greater in leaves of Q lobata. Leaves only rarely occur in isolation. Instead, leaves usually occur in a canopy where radiation to the canopy environ- ment, the leaf model was coupled to models of stomata1 control, leaf energy balance

  7. Angelique Diaz To Subject UPLOAD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    © The Author 2013. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Experimental Biology. All conductance and leaf hydraulic conductance: an introduction to their measurement and coordination Jaume Flexas) and leaf hydraulic conductance (Kleaf) and addresses the physiological integration of these parameters

  8. Hydraulic Properties of Rice and the Response of Gas Exchange to Water Stress1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stiller, Volker

    Hydraulic Properties of Rice and the Response of Gas Exchange to Water Stress1 Volker Stiller*, H.R.L.) We investigated the role of xylem cavitation, plant hydraulic conductance, and root pressure-specific photosynthetic rate, leaf diffusive conductance, and soil-leaf hydraulic conductance that were associated

  9. Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol. 64, No. 13, pp. 39653981, 2013 doi:10.1093/jxb/ert319

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sack, Lawren

    conductance and leaf hydraulic conductance: an introduction to their measurement and coordination Jaume Flexas ) and the leaf hydraulic conductance (Kleaf; units mmol m­2 s­1 MPa­1 ) are two variables that importantly influ performance. This paper summarizes current approaches for the measurement of mesophyll conductance to CO2 (gm

  10. Summary We studied the effect of scion donor-tree age on the physiology and growth of 6-to 7-year-old grafted Scots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mencuccini, Maurizio

    in age from 36 to 269 years at the time of grafting. Hydraulic conductance was measured gravimetrically conductance per unit leaf area did not vary with crown size. However, leaf specific hydraulic conduc- tance measurements included photosynthethetic rate, stomatal conductance, transpiration, whole plant hydrau- lic

  11. Abstract We measured the xylem sap flux in 64-year-old Taxodium distichum (L.) Richard trees growing in a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oren, Ram

    Abstract We measured the xylem sap flux in 64-year- old Taxodium distichum (L.) Richard trees deficit (D), photosynthetic photon flux density (Qo), and the transpiration rate per unit of leaf area (EL on a simple hydraulic model in which stomata regulate the minimum leaf water potential. Based on the hydraulic

  12. TECHNICAL ADVANCE Quantification of plant surface metabolites by matrix-assisted

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vertes, Akos

    TECHNICAL ADVANCE Quantification of plant surface metabolites by matrix-assisted laser desorption standards directly on the leaf surface. The A. thaliana leaf surface was found to contain approximately 15 surface analysis, abaxial surface, adaxial surface, technical advance. INTRODUCTION Plant surfaces

  13. A multi-gene phylogeny for species of Mycosphaerella occurring on Eucalyptus leaves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    147 A multi-gene phylogeny for species of Mycosphaerella occurring on Eucalyptus leaves Gavin C Eucalyptus spp. where they cause leaf diseases collectively known as Mycosphaerella Leaf Disease (MLD Eucalyptus. A further aim was to study the anamorph concepts and resolve the deeper nodes of Mycosphaerella

  14. USING DNA SEQUENCE DATA TO CHARACTERISE FUNGAL PATHOGENS OF TREES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    fungal leaf pathogens of trees, and more specifically Eucalyptus trees, are a group of fungi that belong to the fungal genus Mycosphaerella. Many Mycosphaerella species cause a leaf disease of Eucalyptus trees defoliation of Eucalyptus trees and it can ultimately retard tree growth. Eucalyptus trees are widely grown

  15. www.forestry.gov.uk/planthealth plant.health@forestry.gsi.gov.uk Chalara dieback of ash

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    www.forestry.gov.uk/planthealth plant.health@forestry.gsi.gov.uk Chalara dieback of ash Symptoms associated with Chalara dieback of ash (1­7) In late summer and early autumn (July to October), small white fruiting bodies can be found on blackened rachises (leaf stalks) of ash in damp areas of leaf litter

  16. New Phytologist (2001) 150: 405418 www.newphytologist.com 405 Blackwell Science Ltd

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    2001-01-01

    Leaf gas exchange responses of 13 prairie grassland species to elevated CO2 and increased nitrogen, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973, USA Summary · Leaf gas exchange responses to elevated CO2: elevated CO2, nitrogen availability, photosynthetic acclimation, functional groups, prairie grassland

  17. The Water Resources Management (WRM) program is an interdisciplinary course of study leading to an M.S. degree in environmental studies. Degree requirements include a group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    #12;Preface The Water Resources Management (WRM) program is an interdisciplinary course of study on a contemporary water resources problem. In 2007, in fulfillment of this requirement, a group of University Leaf (Chapters 1, 2 and 5) Geology, Water Resources Management andrew.t.leaf@gmail.com Amanda Perdzock

  18. Influence of biofuel crops on mosquito production and oviposition site selection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allan, Brian

    were reared at varying conspecific and heterospecific densities in senescent leaf infusions prepared. The effects of the three leaf infusions on water chemistry and oviposition site selection by the two mosquito in corn infusion while Ae. aegypti females deposited significantly fewer eggs in Miscanthus than in both

  19. BEHAVIOR, CHEMICAL ECOLOGY Role of Bacteria in Mediating the Oviposition Responses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    these substrates and from an organic infusion made with oak leaves. Through fatty acid-methyl ester analyses, six isolates from oak leaf infusion were identiÞed to species. The response of gravid (from soil-contaminated cotton towels), and an undetermined Bacillus species (from oak leaf infusion

  20. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Alex Faubert, Andrew Burgin, Ewan Mceachern, Michael Lemm, Rahim Fazal, Richie Chin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    visitor centre by the Asian Garden to the North Garden area. The overpass provides an efficient loop leaf-shaped structure. Similar to a leaf, the steel arch, the semi-covered roof, and its drainage and research. Having the nursery at the garden will greatly improve labour efficiency from its current location

  1. Limnol. Oceanogr., 48(4), 2003, 14661475 2003, by the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography, Inc.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allan, David

    catchments. Glucose (C), ammonium (N), phosphate (P), leaf leachate, and algal leachate were added alone-water river were less resource limited than those in the black-water river. Responses to added leaf leachate responses to added algal leachate. Seasonal patterns in response to nutrient addition suggest that the size

  2. American Journal of Botany 100(11): 21752182. 2013. American Journal of Botany 100(11): 21752182, 2013; http://www.amjbot.org/ 2013 Botanical Society of America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stinchcombe, John

    ), leaf cut-outs or replica models (Vogel, 1970; Grace et al., 1980; Gottschlich and Smith, 1982; Stokes et al., 2006), and metal-coated leaves (Gurevitch and Schuepp, 1990). The boundary layer of a leaf, and KLO), Discovery Grants (JRS) and Research Tools and Infrastructure grants (to R. F. Sage and JRS

  3. http://www.up.ac.za/academic/fabi/tpcp/pamphlets/mycosphaerella.htm MYCOSPHAERELLA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    http://www.up.ac.za/academic/fabi/tpcp/pamphlets/mycosphaerella.htm MYCOSPHAERELLA LEAF DISEASES leaf blotch develop adult leaves rapidly and are not seriously http://www.up.ac.za/academic/fabi/tpcp/pamphlets/mycosphaerella.htm (1 of 3) [2002/02/26 01:54:11] #12;http://www.up.ac.za/academic/fabi/tpcp/pamphlets

  4. Elevated CO/sub 2/ concentration increases stomate numbers in phaseolus vulgaris leaves

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Leary, J.W.; Knecht, G.N.

    1981-12-01

    Beans were grown under a constant CO/sub 2/ concentration of either 400 or 1200 ..mu..l liter/sup -1/. There was no significant difference in stomate density on the adaxial surface, but there was a significantly lower stomate density on the abaxial surface of leaves in the higher CO/sub 2/ concentration. The leaf area was significantly greater at the higher CO/sub 2/ concentration, and total number of stomates per leaf, calculated from the density and leaf area, was significantly greater for both surfaces of the leaf. We conclude that the observed CO/sub 2/ effect on stomatal density is the result of the large change in leaf area.

  5. Rare, Threatened and Endangered Species of the Rio Grande/ Rio Bravo Basin: A Bibliography 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilkins, Neal; Gil, Karine

    2003-01-01

    ://wildlife.s t ate.c o .us / T&E/lis t.as p http://www.g m fsh.state.n m .us/PageMil l_Image s/Pub lic ation/esfi sh.p df KILLFIS H ES S S FS ANNOTAT E D RE F E R E N C E WE B P A GE Leon Sp ring s Pupfish Cyprin odo n b o vin u s E E...*T* Da vis a nd Schmidly 1 994 Findle y et al. 1975 http://www.tpwd.s tate.tx .us/animalia.htm httm://www.g m fsh.state.n m .us/PageMil l_I mage s/No nG ame/T&E BR Booklet.pdf B A T S S S F S ANNOTAT ED R E F E R E N C E W E B PAG E...

  6. Alliance free sets in Cartesian product graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yero, Ismael G; Bermudo, Sergio

    2011-01-01

    Let $G=(V,E)$ be a graph. For a non-empty subset of vertices $S\\subseteq V$, and vertex $v\\in V$, let $\\delta_S(v)=|\\{u\\in S:uv\\in E\\}|$ denote the cardinality of the set of neighbors of $v$ in $S$, and let $\\bar{S}=V-S$. Consider the following condition: {equation}\\label{alliancecondition} \\delta_S(v)\\ge \\delta_{\\bar{S}}(v)+k, \\{equation} which states that a vertex $v$ has at least $k$ more neighbors in $S$ than it has in $\\bar{S}$. A set $S\\subseteq V$ that satisfies Condition (\\ref{alliancecondition}) for every vertex $v \\in S$ is called a \\emph{defensive} $k$-\\emph{alliance}; for every vertex $v$ in the neighborhood of $S$ is called an \\emph{offensive} $k$-\\emph{alliance}. A subset of vertices $S\\subseteq V$, is a \\emph{powerful} $k$-\\emph{alliance} if it is both a defensive $k$-alliance and an offensive $(k +2)$-alliance. Moreover, a subset $X\\subset V$ is a defensive (an offensive or a powerful) $k$-alliance free set if $X$ does not contain any defensive (offensive or powerful, respectively) $k$-allianc...

  7. The Thermodynamics of a Single Bead in a Vibrating Container

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Evesque

    2005-06-24

    Statistics of the 1d dynamics of a single particle in a box of length L is studied under different conditions of periodic excitation: vibrated container, or 1 wall moving periodically or two walls vibrating in opposite phases. Theoretical predictions for the mean typical speed are derived using some Random Phase Approximation (RPA) for small b/L ratio, as functions of the amplitude b and frequency f of vibration and of the collision restitution coefficient r=vout/vin. They are compared to numerical simulations. It is concluded that RPA is valid for b/L>0.005, that long time memory, i.e. non ergodicity, and/or resonance develop at large restitution coefficient r (r>0.95) and/or at large b/L, that scales always as f, and scales as b except for large b/L values, i.e. b/L>0.02, and that the relative velocity =[/(bf)] is about 1 when r<0.4-0.5 . Relative standard deviation DV/V is found to be approximately constant, i.e. DV/V is about 0.3 except when resonance occurs; in this case, memory effect and non ergodicity effects are observed and become too important . Pacs # : 5.40 ; 45.70 ; 64 ; 83.70.Fn

  8. Comparative evapotranspiration rates of thirteen turfgrasses grown under both non-limiting soil moisture and progressive water stress conditions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Ki Sun

    1983-01-01

    by wind when the radiation heat is high, particularly if leaf resistance is also high. Under such conditions, the leaf temperature may be far above the air temperature, accounting for a high transpiration rate. The wind cools the leaf and this cooling...) rates of twelve C-4 warm season turfgrasses and one. C-3 cool season turfgrass were evaluated in mini-lysimeters utilizing the water balance method. The turf plots were constructed to insure a natural environment surrounding each mini-lysimeter. ET...

  9. Regulation of chloroplast number and DNA synthesis in higher plants. Final report, August 1995--August 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mullet, J.E.

    1997-06-17

    The long term objective of this research is to understand the process of chloroplast development and its coordination with leaf development in higher plants. This is important because the photosynthetic capacity of plants is directly related to leaf and chloroplast development. This research focused on obtaining a detailed description of leaf development and the early steps in chloroplast development including activation of plastid DNA synthesis, changes in plastid DNA copy number, activation of chloroplast transcription and increases in plastid number per cell. The research focused on the isolation of the plastid DNA polymerase, and identification of genetic mutants which are altered in their accumulation of plastid DNA and plastid number per cell.

  10. Estimating forest structural characteristics with airborne lidar scanning and a near-real time profiling laser systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Kaiguang

    2009-05-15

    LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) directly measures canopy vertical structures, and provides an effective remote sensing solution to accurate and spatiallyexplicit mapping of forest characteristics, such as canopy height and Leaf Area Index...

  11. 2004-01-0628 Fatigue Life Comparisons of Competing Manufacturing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fatemi, Ali

    knuckles. In light of the high volume of forged steel vehicle components, the forging process components. Lee(2) evaluated fatigue strength for truck axle housing, crankshaft, leaf spring, torque

  12. Phenotyping of High Temperature Susceptibility in Garden Roses (Rosa xhybrida) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greyvenstein, Ockert Frederick

    2013-12-10

    membrane thermostablity (MTS) and chlorophyll fluorescence is reported on. Flower abscission and leaf necrosis of whole plants shocked in a heat chamber were correlated to summer flower productivity. The mean daily maximum temperature for days 8 - 14 (2Wk...

  13. Figure 1. Ankle behavior can be approximated by a linear torsional spring in the progression stage of the stance phase of normal gait.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haller, Gary L.

    employ a single spring in their design, such as a carbon fiber leaf spring [8]. The gait of an amputee), a solid plastic shell is most typically employed to stabilize the flexion/extension motion when needed [8

  14. Water Resources Research Center Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for Food and Applied Nutrition (JIFSAN) for $5000 allowed us an opportunity to invite some outstanding Basic Information #12;Title: Structural and Functional Assessments for Evaluating Elevated Nutrient, Benthos, Functional Measurements, Leaf Processing, Nitrogen, Phosphorus Lead Institute: University

  15. Biomass power plant feedstock procurement: Modeling transportation cost zones and the potential for competition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kizha., Anil R; Han, Han-Sup; Montgomery, Timothy; Hohl, Aaron

    2015-01-01

    network Green Leaf Power plants Total* $10/BDT Total Milesor exclusive for each power plant and TCZ. † Total areaof timberlands for each power plant within the $20/BDT TCZ (

  16. Moniz: Tesla Repayment Shows the Strength of Energy Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    U.S.-made all electric Nissan LEAF cars. The construction of the 1.3-million-square-foot, state of the art battery facility was made possible through a 1.4 billion loan from...

  17. New Zealand lessons may aid efforts to control light brown apple moth in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Varela, Lucia G.; Walker, James T.S.; Lo, Peter L; Rogers, David J

    2010-01-01

    1975. Integrated control of apple pests in New Zealand. 1.of the light brown apple moth Epiphyas postvittana (Walker),685–92. Dumbleton L J. 1932. The apple leaf-roller (Tortrix

  18. Limits to the potential distribution of light brown apple moth in Arizona–California based on climate suitability and host plant availability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gutierrez, Andrew Paul; Mills, Nicholas J.; Ponti, Luigi

    2010-01-01

    503–531 Dumbleton LJ (1932) The apple leaf roller (TortrixJW (1937) The light-brown apple moth (Tortrix post- vittana,distribution of light brown apple moth in Arizona–California

  19. www.frontiersin.org February 2011 | Volume 2 | Article 1 | 1 Specialty Grand challenGe article

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koerner, Christian

    was largely seen in the light of leaf photosynthesis and its abiotic drivers such as photon flux, water nutrients that had been captured from the "open market" and are at disposal for internal re quality also have to

  20. On Graphs that are not PCGs Stephane Durocher1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Durocher, Stephane

    the graph classes that arise from using the intervals [0, dmax] (LPG) and [dmin, ] (mLPG). They proved LPG, mLPG and PCG are similar to the leaf powers and their variants, which have been extensively

  1. University Park Campus *Dining Dollars Accepted and **Both Dining Dollars and Meal Swipes Accepted

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southern California, University of

    Juice Bar @ Shop Café *URBNMRKT *Starbucks@TrojanGrounds *Coffee Bean & TeaLeaf - School of CinematicLocations *EinsteinBros.Bagels *MarketPlace *Soto Café *Panda Express *Starbucks Discretionary Dollars Only: Edmondson

  2. Principal Canopy Factors of Sweet Corn and Relationships to Competitive Ability with Wild-Proso Millet (Panicum miliaceum)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sims, Gerald K.

    -season ``canopy closure'' factor (e.g., leaf area index and intercepted photosynthetically active radiation at six', `Quickie', `Rocker', `SCH7006RR', `Spirit', `Spring Treat', and `Sugar Buns'. Key words: Competition, crop

  3. White Paper

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Hernandez, E., 2014. "ChargePoint becoming the network to beat with recent capital infusion", Living Leaf, http:livingleaf.info201405chargepoint-becoming-the-network-to-bea...

  4. As Computing Systems Prof. Hank Dietz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dietz, Henry G. "Hank"

    to catch dust... #12;Shutter Leaf ­ aperture iris, but closes completely Focal Plane ­ a moving slit 1st want it) #12;Color Filter Array (CFA) Color choices: Bayer ­ [[Red, Green], [Green, Blue

  5. Large-Scale Utilization of Saline Groundwater for Irrigation of Pistachios Interplanted with Cotton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanden, Blake; Ferguson, Louise; Kallsen, Craig E.; Marsh, Brian; Hutmacher, Robert B.; Corwin, Dennis

    2009-01-01

    other cultural/harvest costs and water cost of $120/ac-ft ofand water salinity: Replicated soil samples are taken at germination and post harvestharvest. GIS survey with EM38 and aerial imagery. Plant data: leaf water

  6. Desiccation Tolerance of Five Tropical Seedlings in Panama. Relationship to a Field Assessment of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coley, Phyllis

    -pressure flowmeter, and whole-stem hydraulic conductance was measured by a vacuum chamber method. Leaf punches (5 stages, from slightly wilted to dead. Saturated root hydraulic conductance was measured with a high

  7. MORPHOLOGICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL RESPONSES TO IRRADIANCE IN THE CAM EPIPHYTE TILLANDSIA USNEOIDES L. (BROMELIACEAE)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Craig E.; McLeod, Kenneth W.; Eades, Carol A.; Pitzer, Angela A.

    1985-01-01

    Spanish moss (Tillandsia usneoides L.) was collected in situ in South Carolina from sunny and shady locations and grown in a greenhouse under high and low irradiance. Morphological characteristics, including leaf size, internode length, trichome...

  8. The Cicadellidae of Kansas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawson, Paul Bowen

    1919-09-24

    injurious forms here are homalodisca trlquetra, Aulacizes irrorata and two species of Oncometopia, Essig gives Cicadelia atropunctata as injurious to such plants as blackberry, grape, lemon, orange and raspberry. It can perhaps hardly be said that leaf...

  9. Image use in the characterization of field parameters: incorporation of remote sensing with hydrologic simulation modeling 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, Garey Alton

    2000-01-01

    procedure (histogram matching) in terms of matching the theoretically expected growth of vegetation away from image soil lines. Estimates of organic matter (OM) and cation exchange capacity (CEC) were derived from soil lines of bare soil images. Leaf area...

  10. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Research in High-Latitude Ecosystems" on March 22, 2012 at the 7th Annual Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting in Walnut Creek, California. Media Available March 2012 Leaf...

  11. Experimental and theoretical investigation of the behaviour of brickwork cladding panel subjected to lateral loading 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ng, Chee Liang

    This thesis deals mainly with the resistance of single leaf brickwork cladding panels subjected to uniform lateral pressure. Such panels when supported on three or four sides bend like thin plates and are subjected to ...

  12. Author's personal copy C. R. Mecanique 340 (2012) 1834

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tafreshi, Hooman Vahedi

    2012-01-01

    surfaces: From the lotus leaf to the submarine Mohamed A. Samaha, Hooman Vahedi Tafreshi, Mohamed Gad-el-Hak Department of Mechanical & Nuclear Engineering, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23284

  13. PARAMETERIZATION AND TESTING OF A COUPLED MODEL OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS-STOMATAL CONDUCTANCE FOR GREENHOUSE ROSE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lieth, J. Heinrich

    of triose phosphate utilization (TPU), and leaf dark respiration rate (Rd) were determined using gas (1997) and Harley et al. (1992). The net photosynthetic rate (A) governed by the biochemical demand, respectively. Rd (dark

  14. Report on Experiments with Citrus Fruits at the Beeville Sub-station. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potts, A. T. (Arthur Tillman)

    1912-01-01

    In 1968 and 1969, moisture level treatments were applied to tomatoes and citrus. Light sprinkler applications and white acrylic paint were applied to leaf canopies of tomatoes and citrus. Moisture use and yields as influenced by treatments were...

  15. Influence of Epicuticular Wax on Heat and Drought Tolerance in TAM 112 X TAM 111 Populations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sengodon, Padmavathi

    2015-08-10

    High temperature and drought are the major constraints to wheat production globally. However, plants cope with stress by manipulating their physiological processes. This study investigates the role of leaf and glume wax ...

  16. Genizah MS T-S AS 18.200

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2010-12-07

    *k T-S AS 18.200 *t Philosophy *s 6.7 x 7.3; 5 lines *m Paper; 1 leaf; badly torn, rubbed, stained *l Judaeo-Arabic *c Philosophical work, mentioning accidents. *e...

  17. Brush Busters: How to Estimate Costs for Controlling Small Mesquite 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ueckert, Darrell; McGinty, Allan

    1999-04-15

    This publication includes simple directions for determining the density of mesquite and then estimating the cost of controlling these plants with either the leaf spray or stem spray method.

  18. EV Everywhere Charges Up the Workplace | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Volt), 2011 World Car of the Year (Nissan Leaf), 2013 Motor Trend Car of the Year (Tesla Model S) and 2012 Green Car Vision Award Winner (Ford C-MAX Energi). To maintain this...

  19. Photo Galleries | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Tour of Zero: McCormick Avenue by BrightLeaf Homes DOE Tour of Zero: Taft School by BPC Green Builders DOE Tour of Zero: Fishers Circle by Amaris Homes DOE Tour of Zero: Cobbler...

  20. Space, Place, and Music in New Orleans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raimondi, Julie Michelle

    2012-01-01

    would stop by after their gigs at White clubs, sit in onrehearsing needed for new gigs. Bands often choose pieceslong-standing Tuesday night gig tradition at the Maple Leaf.

  1. COMPOST INFORMATION SHEET MSU SOIL & PLANT NUTRIENT LABORATORY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Isaacs, Rufus

    COMPOST INFORMATION SHEET MSU SOIL & PLANT NUTRIENT LABORATORY 1066 BOGUE ST. ROOM A81 EAST LANSING _______________________________________________________________________ SAMPLE IDENTIFICATION:___________________________ COUNTY: ________________ COMPOST TYPE: LEAF COMPOST MSW COMPOST MANURE COMPOST OTHER: (specify) ____________________________________________________ TEST

  2. Energy balance and partition in Inner Mongolia steppe ecosystems with different land use types

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Jiquan

    Energy balance and partition in Inner Mongolia steppe ecosystems with different land use types surface, including radiation balance, energy partitioning, aerodynamic characteristics, leaf area index records of the surface energy balance are currently available for grassland ecosystems, especially

  3. A new European plant-specific emission inventory of biogenic volatile organic compounds for use in atmospheric transport models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karl, GA

    2009-01-01

    10% Vaccinum sp. , 10% Salix sp. , 40% Betula pendula, 30%of Tea-Leafed Willow (Salix phylicifolia), Silver Birch (Be-f. Ref. d Robinia pseudoacacia Salix alba Salix caprea Salix

  4. List of publications Peter Dalin Articles in peer-reviewed journals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    brevicollis (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) on Salix. BioControl 57: 611-618. 13. Wang, X-P., Q-S. Yang, P. Dalin, X. Eklund (2004) Leaf beetle grazing does not induce willow trichome defense in the coppicing willow Salix

  5. --AMERICAN MIDLAND NATURALIST --Monday Jan 29 2001 02:05 PM 2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rank, Nathan Egan

    of Symmorphuscristatuswasps,leaf beetle larvae (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) and willow (Salix spp.) trees is a model systemfor beetles and willow (Salix) tree species has become a model system for studying both chemical defense

  6. Department of Entomology LANDSCAPE & ORNAMENTALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pittendrigh, Barry

    . The A slug in wood chips (Photo by: John Obermeyer, Extension, Purdue University) A black slug on corn leaf- TIONS, REENTRY INTERVALS, HARVEST RESTRICTIONS, STORAGE AND DISPOSAL, AND ANY SPECIFIC WARNINGS AND

  7. Fact #815: February 3, 2014 Global Sales of Top 10 Plug-In Vehicles...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    sales overall and led among plug-in hybrid vehicles with sales of about 25,000. As a proportion of sales, the Nissan Leaf and Toyota Prius Plug-in hybrid had the most even...

  8. A physiological and morphological analysis of the effects of nitrogen supply on the relative growth rates of nine loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) clones 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stover, Corey Michael

    2006-08-16

    The influence of nitrogen supply on relationships of relative growth rate (RGR) to leaf physiology, structural and non-structural carbon partitioning, and nitrogen- and water-use efficiencies were examined in loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) clonal...

  9. A Solution to the Problem of Updating Encyclopedias

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zalta, Edward N.

    A Solution to the Problem of Updating Encyclopedias Eric M. Hammer and Edward N. Zalta Center¸caise is still available in loose-leaf format. 1 Eric Hammer and Edward N. Zalta 2 problem, namely, a `dynamic

  10. "Rabbit Hunt"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madhavan, N. S.; Chandran, Mini

    2007-01-01

    with chutney ground of chickpeas, coconut and chillies.6 The spine of the Coconut leaf. . 65 Setting aside thethe bunch of ?owers on the coconut tree. 66 “Once. I think

  11. Fact #873: May 18, 2015 Plug-In Vehicle Sales Total Nearly 120...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2014 were the Nissan Leaf, Chevrolet Volt, Tesla Model S, Toyota Prius PHEV, and Ford Fusion Energi. From the first plug-in vehicle sales in 2011 to 2014 about 287 million...

  12. Microsoft Word - Policy Flash 2006-40.doc

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and change sheets for loose leaf copies may be found at http:www.arnet.govfarindex.html . Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-10 was published June 28, 2006 at page 36922 of the...

  13. ReproducedfromAgronomyJournal.PublishedbyAmericanSocietyofAgronomy.Allcopyrightsreserved. REMOTE SENSING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rundquist, Donald C.

    , solar radiation, soil moisture). maize physiological development. They also allowed identification emergence (date of onset ance. Maize phenology was monitored by means of the recently devel spectral (date when maximum leaf area is attained and maize reflectance data. Visible atmospherically

  14. Carbon cycling, fire and phenology in a tropical savanna woodland in Nhambita, Mozambique 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryan, Casey Merlin

    2009-01-01

    In the savanna woodlands of Southern Africa, locally know as miombo, carbon cycling is poorly quantified and many of the key processes remain obscure. For example, seasonal constraints on productivity and leaf display ...

  15. Price Responsive Demand in New York Wholesale Electricity Market using OpenADR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Joyce Jihyun

    2013-01-01

    and Demand Response in Electricity Markets." University ofRates and Tariffs /Schedule for Electricity Service, P.S.C.no. 10- Electricity/Rules 24 (Riders)/Leaf No. 177-327."

  16. Fact #779: May 13, 2013 EPA's Top Ten Rated Vehicles List for...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    (Miles Per Gallon equivalent) while the midsize Nissan Leaf comes in at number four. The Tesla Model S is a large sedan and comes with two battery pack options (60 kW-hr and 85...

  17. Effects of High Nighttime Temperature and Role of Plant Growth Regulators on Growth, Development and Physiology of Rice Plants 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohammed, Abdul R.

    2010-07-14

    betaine (GB), and salicylic acid (SA), which play different roles in inducing thermo-tolerance in plants. High nighttime temperature had no effect on plant height, number of tillers and panicles, or rice net leaf photosynthetic rates. However, HNT...

  18. A Modular Approach to Turkish Noun Compounding: The Integration of a Finite-State Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fong, Sandiway

    of possible semantic relations that can be encoded through compounding. Compounds such as tea bag, tea leaf, tea garden, tea cake, tea break, and tea service behave like common nouns with respect to syntax

  19. "Es Siempre Preferible la Carpa a la Pulquería": The Construction of Poverty in the Music of the Carpas Shows in Mexico City, 1890-1930

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bieletto-Bueno, M Natalia

    2015-01-01

    1887-1979). Son of a tea merchand and an art collector, itaristocratic miss who drinks her tea at a Sanborns coffeeby locals as “drinking leaf tea” (infusiones) or “smoking a

  20. Curriculum Vitae Emily Skovmand Woollen Qualifications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of my PhD. This included planning the logistics, ensuring health and safety, and planning all scientific and leaf area index using hemispherical photos and the LAI 2000 - Meteorological instrument maintenance

  1. 2014 Urban Forest Symposium Tom Hinckley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Sally

    2014 Urban Forest Symposium Tom Hinckley Professor Emeritus May 24, 2014 #12;Questions, temperature, ppt, extremes) #12;Simple Model: Carbon and Stress Leaf GrowthCarbon Production Carbon Storage, solarization · Growing season ­ Soil moisture ­ Atmospheric (wind, temperature, humidity, radiation) ­ Outcomes

  2. Brush Busters: How to Master Cedar 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGinty, Allan; Ueckert, Darrell

    2005-10-31

    Three safe and effective ways to control small cedar (juniper) are explained in this publication. Two are herbicide treatments--leaf spray and soil spot spray--and one is the top removal method. Instructions for mixing and ...

  3. $ASQ3800813_File000000_49402194.doc 1/9/08 Title: Artificial dirt: Microfluidic substrates for nematode neurobiology and behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lockery, Shawn

    - scale chambers and channels that allow the animals to crawl as they would on agarose. One such device which include soil, compost, leaf and fruit litter, and several invertebrate hosts (Sudhaus and7 Kiontke

  4. Construction of Ag Building- PV 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae strain B728a (P.s.s. B728a) is an economically significant plant pathogen that is capable of successful epiphytic colonization of leaf surfaces. Although the virulence factors associated ...

  5. Exploiting Topographical Texture To Impart Icephobicity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meuler, Adam J.

    Appropriately structured topographical features that are found in nature (e.g,, the lotus leaf) or that are produced synthetically (e.g., via lithography) can impart superhydrophobic properties to surfaces. Water beads up ...

  6. 20082013 PhD, University of Maryland, College Park, Linguistics & Psycholinguistics. Certificate in Neuro-and Cognitive Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dave Kush Education 2008­2013 PhD, University of Maryland, College Park, Linguistics Hindu University/University of Wisconsin, Self- guided study of the Banarsi Betel Leaf Industry

  7. Novel Virulent Phages for Xylella fastidiosa and Other Members of the Xanthomonadaceae 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahern, Stephen J

    2013-08-27

    . vignaeradiatae (83) Mushroom Bacterial blotch Pseudomonas tolaasii (84-85) Onion Leaf blight Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. allii (86-88) Pepper Bacterial spot Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria (79) Pomefruits Fireblight Erwinia amylovora (89-94) Potato...

  8. Coffee Rust (Hemileia vastatrix) Effects on the Food Security and Livelihoods of Smallholder Coffee Farmers in Guatemala’s Boca Costa Region 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bielecki, Christopher D

    2015-05-08

    The purpose of this study was to develop a framework to understand how coping mechanisms and livelihood diversification strategies were used to mitigate the coffee leaf rust’s (CLR) effects on the food security and livelihoods ...

  9. 12 oz. 16 oz. 20 oz. Fair Trade Coffee 1.28 1.48 1.78

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dennett, Daniel

    , African Nectar, Mint Mélange, Orange Jasmine, and Green Tea Tropical Small reg Hot Chocolate 1.33 Hot Chai Peace Coffee Small large Iced Oregon Chai 3.19 3.49 12 oz. 16 oz. 20 oz. Mighty Leaf® Organic Tea 1.38 1 Assorted Juice, 10 oz. Orange, Apple, Cranberry 1.25 Mighty Leaf® Mango Iced Tea 2.25 2.45 New England

  10. Using Soluble Calcium to Stimulate Plant Growth 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feagley, Sam E.; Fenn, Lloyd B.

    1998-09-09

    the season (Fig. 3). Perhaps the most beneficial effect of applying calci- um with ammonium is that plants change their normal pattern of depositing energy stores (carbohydrates, metabolites) (Figs. 4, 5). As Figure 4 shows, rice plants had... of the flag leaf?s energy production being transported to the filling seeds (as opposed to 5 percent without calcium). Rice weights increased 14 percent when extra calcium was applied at seed fill. L-5212 9-98 Using Soluble Calcium to Stimulate Plant...

  11. The Drought Response of Physiological and Structural Traits in Loblolly Pine (P. taeda L.) Clones with a Focus on Mesophyll Conductance to CO_(2) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Elizabeth Susan

    2014-07-10

    ?13C of bulk leaf across dates for each treatment ....................... 58 Figure 17. Leaf specific conductivity and vulnerability to cavitation .............................. 60 Figure 18. Relative growth rate from May to June... and pit conductance control hydraulic conductivity (Sperry et al. 2006). Vessel structure that allows faster flow can also make the vessels more vulnerable to cavitation 2 (Sperry et al. 2006). Cavitation occurs when high tension causes air to enter...

  12. Establishment, growth and water use of Quercus virginiana (Mill.) on lignite surface-mined soils in response to irrigation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duncan, Jacalyn E.

    1991-01-01

    concentration will exert some control over rate of transpiration. This same stomatal closure response often only marginally affects COz assimilation (Farquhar and Sharkey 1982). Wind often acts to cool the leaf. If the leaf is warmer than the surrounding air... because it is absorbing solar radiation, increasing wind speed can sometimes reduce transpiration because cooling reduces the water vapor pressure in the intercellular spaces (Nobel 1982). Nevertheless, in many instances wind does increase...

  13. Degree project in Communication Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maguire Jr., Gerald Q.

    Degree project in Communication Systems Second level, 30.0 HEC Stockholm, Sweden D I E G O F E R N A N D O B O T E R O A R I S T I Z Á B A L An E-Reading Platform Business Plan The Leaf Project KTH Information and Communication Technology #12;i The Leaf Project An E-Reading Platform Business Plan Diego

  14. Fiber alignment apparatus and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kravitz, Stanley H. (Placitas, NM); Warren, Mial Evans (Albuquerque, NM); Snipes, Jr., Morris Burton (Albuquerque, NM); Armendariz, Marcelino Guadalupe (Albuquerque, NM); Word, V., James Cole (Albuqueruqe, NM)

    1997-01-01

    A fiber alignment apparatus includes a micro-machined nickel spring that captures and locks arrays of single mode fibers into position. The design consists of a movable nickel leaf shaped spring and a fixed pocket where fibers are held. The fiber is slid between the spring and a fixed block, which tensions the spring. When the fiber reaches the pocket, it automatically falls into the pocket and is held by the pressure of the leaf spring.

  15. Fiber alignment apparatus and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kravitz, S.H.; Warren, M.E.; Snipes, M.B. Jr.; Armendariz, M.G.; Word, J.C. V

    1997-08-19

    A fiber alignment apparatus includes a micro-machined nickel spring that captures and locks arrays of single mode fibers into position. The design consists of a movable nickel leaf shaped spring and a fixed pocket where fibers are held. The fiber is slid between the spring and a fixed block, which tensions the spring. When the fiber reaches the pocket, it automatically falls into the pocket and is held by the pressure of the leaf spring. 8 figs.

  16. Dynamic tumor tracking using the Elekta Agility MLC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fast, Martin F. Nill, Simeon Bedford, James L.; Oelfke, Uwe

    2014-11-01

    Purpose: To evaluate the performance of the Elekta Agility multileaf collimator (MLC) for dynamic real-time tumor tracking. Methods: The authors have developed a new control software which interfaces to the Agility MLC to dynamically program the movement of individual leaves, the dynamic leaf guides (DLGs), and the Y collimators (“jaws”) based on the actual target trajectory. A motion platform was used to perform dynamic tracking experiments with sinusoidal trajectories. The actual target positions reported by the motion platform at 20, 30, or 40 Hz were used as shift vectors for the MLC in beams-eye-view. The system latency of the MLC (i.e., the average latency comprising target device reporting latencies and MLC adjustment latency) and the geometric tracking accuracy were extracted from a sequence of MV portal images acquired during irradiation for the following treatment scenarios: leaf-only motion, jaw + leaf motion, and DLG + leaf motion. Results: The portal imager measurements indicated a clear dependence of the system latency on the target position reporting frequency. Deducting the effect of the target frequency, the leaf adjustment latency was measured to be 38 ± 3 ms for a maximum target speed v of 13 mm/s. The jaw + leaf adjustment latency was 53 ± 3 at a similar speed. The system latency at a target position frequency of 30 Hz was in the range of 56–61 ms for the leaves (v ? 31 mm/s), 71–78 ms for the jaw + leaf motion (v ? 25 mm/s), and 58–72 ms for the DLG + leaf motion (v ? 59 mm/s). The tracking accuracy showed a similar dependency on the target position frequency and the maximum target speed. For the leaves, the root-mean-squared error (RMSE) was between 0.6–1.5 mm depending on the maximum target speed. For the jaw + leaf (DLG + leaf) motion, the RMSE was between 0.7–1.5 mm (1.9–3.4 mm). Conclusions: The authors have measured the latency and geometric accuracy of the Agility MLC, facilitating its future use for clinical tracking applications.

  17. Registrations and vehicle miles of travel of light duty vehicles, 1985--1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hu, P.S.; Davis, S.C.; Schmoyer, R.L.

    1998-02-01

    To obtain vehicle registration data that consistently and accurately reflect the distinction between automobiles and light-duty trucks, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) was asked by FHWA to estimate the current and historical vehicle registration numbers of automobiles and of other two-axle four-tire vehicles (i.e., light-duty trucks), and their associated travel. The term automobile is synonymous with passenger car. Passenger cars are defined as all sedans, coupes, and station wagons manufactured primarily for the purpose of carrying passengers. This includes taxicabs, rental cars, and ambulances and hearses on an automobile chassis. Light-duty trucks refer to all two-axle four-tire vehicles other than passenger cars. They include pickup trucks, panel trucks, delivery and passenger vans, and other vehicles such as campers, motor homes, ambulances on a truck chassis, hearses on a truck chassis, and carryalls. In this study, light-duty trucks include four major types: (1) pickup truck, (2) van, (3) sport utility vehicle, and (4) other 2-axle 4-tire truck. Specifically, this project re-estimates statistics that appeared in Tables MV-1 and MV-9 of the 1995 Highway Statistics. Given the complexity of the approach developed in this effort and the incompleteness and inconsistency of the state-submitted data, it is recommended that alternatives be considered by FHWA to obtain vehicle registration data. One alternative is the Polk`s NVPP data (via the US Department of Transportation`s annual subscription to Polk). The second alternative is to obtain raw registration files from individual states` Departments of Motor Vehicles and to decode individual VINs.

  18. Trait variation within a species determines warming responses at different scales

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karve, Abhijit A [ORNL; Weston, David [ORNL; Souza, Lara [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Classen, Aimee T [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)

    2011-01-01

    Plant species, and the traits associated with them, can help buffer ecosystems to environmental perturbations. Few studies have examined whether within species variation, both among and within populations, can similarly buffer ecosystems to environmental perturbations, such as climatic warming, across levels of organization. Using a dominant plant species in the eastern US, Solidago altissima, we examined whether genotypes of the same species from both southern and northern latitude populations exhibited differential short-term responses to temperature at the cell, leaf, and plant level. At the cell level we quantified the production of reactive oxygen species (by-product of temperature stress) and total oxygen radical antioxidant capacity (which ameliorates temperature stress by-products). At the leaf and plant levels, we measured CO2 assimilation. Increasing temperatures had strong negative impacts on plant-level carbon gain, but weak impacts on cell-level antioxidant capacity. Southern latitude genotypes had greater total antioxidant capacity, but lower leaf-level carbon gain, than did northern genotypes under elevated temperature. At the plant level, northern and southern genotypes exhibited similar declines in carbon gain under elevated temperature, likely because total plant leaf area was higher for southern genotypes than northern genotypes, which compensated for their lower per unit area leaf-level carbon gain. Overall, short-term temperature-induced declines in carbon gain at the plant level may scale to reduce within species variation, both across and within populations, potentially altering ecosystem carbon cycling.

  19. Gage for measuring displacements in rock samples

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Holcomb, David J. (Albuquerque, NM); McNamee, Michael J. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1986-01-01

    A gage for measuring diametral displacement within a rock sample for use in a rock mechanics laboratory and in the field, comprises a support ring housing a linear variable differential transformer, a mounting screw, and a leaf spring. The mounting screw is adjustable and defines a first point of contact with the rock sample. The leaf spring has opposite ends fixed to the inner periphery of the mounting ring. An intermediate portion of the leaf spring projecting radially inward from the ring is formed with a dimple defining a second point of contact with the sample. The first and second points of contact are diametrically opposed to each other. The LVDT is mounted in the ring with its axis parallel to the line of measurement and its core rod received in the dimple of the leaf spring. Any change in the length of the line between the first and second support points is directly communicated to the LVDT. The leaf spring is rigid to completely support lateral forces so that the LVDT is free of all load for improved precision.

  20. Gage for measuring displacements in rock samples

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Holcomb, D.J.; McNamee, M.J.

    1985-07-18

    A gage for measuring diametral displacement within a rock sample for use in a rock mechanics laboratory and in the field, comprises a support ring housing a linear variable differential transformer (LVDT), a mounting screw, and a leaf spring. The mounting screw is adjustable and defines a first point of contact with the rock sample. The leaf spring has opposite ends fixed to the inner periphery of the mounting ring. An intermediate portion of the leaf spring projecting radially inward from the ring is formed with a dimple defining a second point of contact with the sample. The first and second points of contact are diametrically opposed to each other. The LVDT is mounted in the ring with its axis parallel to the line of measurement and its core rod received in the dimple of the leaf spring. Any change in the length of the line between the first and second support points is directly communicated to the LVDT. The leaf spring is rigid to completely support lateral forces so that the LVDT is free of all load for improved precision.

  1. Spectroscopic detection of nitrogen concentrations in sagebrush

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. J. MITCHELL; N. F. GLENN; T.T. SANKEY; D. R. DERRYBERRY; R. C. HRUSKA; M. O. Anderson

    2012-07-01

    The ability to estimate foliar nitrogen (N) in semi-arid landscapes can yield information on nutritional status and improve our limited understanding of controls on canopy photosynthesis. We examined two spectroscopic methods for estimating sagebrush dried leaf and live shrub N content: first derivative reflectance (FDR) and continuum removal. Both methods used partial least squares (PLS) regression to select wavebands most significantly correlated with N concentrations in the samples. Sagebrush dried leaf spectra produced PLS models (R2 = 0.76–0.86) that could predict N concentrations within the dataset more accurately than PLS models generated from live shrub spectra (R2 = 0.41–0.63). Inclusion of wavelengths associated with leaf water in the FDR transformations appeared to improve regression results. Findings are encouraging and warrant further exploration into sagebrush reflectance spectra to characterize N concentrations.

  2. A cell is not a pan of water: Problems with using [delta]D composition in wood cellulose to interpret climate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Terwilliger, V.J.; Deniro, M.J. (Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence (United States) Univ. of California, Santa Barbara (United States))

    1993-06-01

    If the isotopic composition of hydrogen in tree ring cellulose is related to that of water at the site of cellulose synthesis, then it records climatic information. Relationships between [delta]D tree ring cellulose and climate have been found, yet the mechanisms of hydrogen fractionation in the synthesis of wood cellulose were not examined. We grew avocadoes in water of controlled isotopic composition at different humidities until their stems became woody. Ambient humidity was consistently related to the isotopic composition of leaf water and leaf cellulose but not to wood cellulose. Both leaf and wood cellulose [delta]D values were higher than those of environmental water indicating that some of the hydrogen had been reallocated from stored post photosynthetic compounds. Effects of stored compounds on the isotopic composition of wood cellulose could significantly confound paleoclimatic reconstructions from this method.

  3. Non-focusing optics spectrophotometer, and methods of use

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kramer, David M.; Sacksteder, Colette A.

    2004-11-02

    In one aspect, the present invention provides kinetic spectrophotometers that each comprise: (a) a light source; and (b) a compound parabolic concentrator disposed to receive light from the light source and configured to (1) intensify and diffuse the light received from the light source, and (2) direct the intensified and diffused light onto a sample. In other aspects, the present invention provides methods for measuring a photosynthetic parameter, the methods comprising the steps of: (a) illuminating a plant leaf until steady-state photosynthesis is achieved; (b) subjecting the illuminated plant leaf to a period of darkness; (c) using a kinetic spectrophotometer of the invention to collect spectral data from the plant leaf treated in accordance with steps (a) and (b); and (d) determining a value for a photosynthetic parameter from the spectral data.

  4. A genomics investigation of partitioning into and among flavonoid-derived condensed tannins for carbon sequestration in Populus

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harding, Scott, A; Tsai, Chung-jui; Lindroth, Richard, L

    2013-03-24

    The project set out to use comparative (genotype and treatment) and transgenic approaches to investigate the determinants of condensed tannin (CT) accrual and chemical variability in Populus. CT type and amount are thought to effect the decomposition of plant detritus in the soil, and thereby the sequestering of carbon in the soil. The stated objectives were: 1. Genome-wide transcriptome profiling (microarrays) to analyze structural gene, transcription factor and metabolite control of CT partitioning; 2. Transcriptomic (microarray) and chemical analysis of ontogenetic effects on CT and PG partitioning; and 3. Transgenic manipulation of flavonoid biosynthetic pathway genes to modify the control of CT composition. Objective 1: A number of approaches for perturbing CT content and chemistry were tested in Objective 1, and those included nitrogen deficit, leaf wounding, drought, and salicylic acid spraying. Drought had little effect on CTs in the genotypes we used. Plants exhibited unpredictability in their response to salicylic acid spraying, leading us to abandon its use. Reduced plant nitrogen status and leaf wounding caused reproducible and magnitudinally striking increases in leaf CT content. Microarray submissions to NCBI from those experiments are the following: GSE ID 14515: Comparative transcriptomics analysis of Populus leaves under nitrogen limitation: clone 1979. Public on Jan 04, 2010; Contributor(s) Harding SA, Tsai C GSE ID 14893: Comparative transcriptomics analysis of Populus leaves under nitrogen limitation: clone 3200. Public on Feb 19, 2009; Contributor(s) Harding SA, Tsai C GSE ID 16783 Wound-induced gene expression changes in Populus: 1 week; clone RM5. Status Public on Dec 01, 2009; Contributor(s) Harding SA, Tsai C GSE ID 16785 Wound-induced gene expression changes in Populus: 90 hours; clone RM5 Status Public on Dec 01, 2009; Contributor(s) Harding SA, Tsai C Although CT amount changed in response to treatments, CT composition was essentially conserved. Overall phenylpropanoid composition exhibited changes due to large effects on phenolic glycosides containing a salicin moiety. There were no effects on lignin content. Efforts to publish this work continue, and depend on additional data which we are still collecting. This ongoing work is expected to strengthen our most provocative metabolic profiling data which suggests as yet unreported links controlling the balance between the two major leaf phenylpropanoid sinks, the CTs and the salicin-PGs. Objective 2: Ontogenic effects on leaf CT accrual and phenylpropanoid complexity (Objective 2) have been reported in the past and we contributed two manuscripts on how phenylpropanoid sinks in roots and stems could have an increasing effect on leaf CT as plants grow larger and plant proportions of stem, root and leaf change. Tsai C.-J., El Kayal W., Harding S.A. (2006) Populus, the new model system for investigating phenylpropanoid complexity. International Journal of Applied Science and Engineering 4: 221-233. We presented evidence that flavonoid precursors of CT rapidly decline in roots under conditions that favor CT accrual in leaves. Harding SA, Jarvie MM, Lindroth RL, Tsai C-J (2009) A comparative analysis of phenylpropanoid metabolism, N utilization and carbon partitioning in fast- and slow-growing Populus hybrid clones. Journal of Experimental Botany. 60:3443-3452. We presented evidence that nitrogen delivery to leaves as a fraction of nitrogen taken up by the roots is lower in high leaf CT genotypes. We presented a hypothesis from our data that N was sequestered in proportion to lignin content in stem tissues. Low leaf N content and high leaf CT in genotypes with high stem lignin was posited to be a systemic outcome of N demand in lignifiying stem tissues. Thereby, stem lignin and leaf CT accrual might be systemically linked, placing control of leaf phenylpropanoids under systemic rather than solely organ specific determinants. Analyses of total structural and non-structural carbohydrates contributed to the model presented. Harding SA, Xue L, Du L, Nyamd

  5. Optical assay technology for safeguards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edelson, M.C.; Lipert, R.J.; Murray, G.M.; Schuler, R.A.; Vera, J.; Wang, Z.M.; Weeks, S.J.

    1990-10-01

    Research conducted in the Ames Laboratory Nuclear Safeguards and Security Program during the period July 1, 1990 to September 30, 1990 is reviewed; included are reprints and preprints of papers written during this quarter. The first demonstration of isotopic selectivity in Inductively Coupled Plasma -- Laser Excited Atomic Fluorescence Spectroscopy (ICP-LEAFS) is reported and the application of ICP-LEAFS to U isotopic analysis is discussed. Current work in applying optical spectroscopy to the analytical determination of gas phase metal atoms is reviewed. Program administration topics are included in a separately bound Management Supplement to this report.

  6. Producing - Harvesting - Marketing High Quality Upland Cotton in the El Paso Trade Territory. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Charles A. (compiler)

    1963-01-01

    . The amount of water required will depend on soil depth, water holding capacity of the soil and the amount of soil moisture in storage in the root zone. Where salinity is a problem, sufficient water should be used to leach salts to a safe level. Apply... such as nomically by many farmers in the area. If moisture stress or cold weather. machine picking in green-leaf is attempted, have an experienced picker-operator. When Desiccants picking in green-leaf, the pressure plates of the Disiccants are not recommended...

  7. Influence of burning and mowing on an eastern gamagrass (Tripsacum dactyloides) community in South Central Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cadenhead, James Frank

    1975-01-01

    in the spring were the only other major constituents ( p 20$) of total green biomass. End-of- season (October) total aboveground green biomass was 4263. 2 kg/ha for controls. Peak total aboveground green biomass for controls (5005. 6 kg/ha) occurred... in early July as indicated by leaf height data. These data suggest that an end-of-season evaluation of biomass may underestimate production of the community. Gamagrass leaf heights were positively correlated (r = 0. 83) with gamagrass production. Late...

  8. Brushed permanent magnet DC MLC motor operation in an external magnetic field

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yun, J.; St Aubin, J.; Rathee, S.; Fallone, B. G.

    2010-05-15

    Purpose: Linac-MR systems for real-time image-guided radiotherapy will utilize the multileaf collimators (MLCs) to perform conformal radiotherapy and tumor tracking. The MLCs would be exposed to the external fringe magnetic fields of the linac-MR hybrid systems. Therefore, an experimental investigation of the effect of an external magnetic field on the brushed permanent magnet DC motors used in some MLC systems was performed. Methods: The changes in motor speed and current were measured for varying external magnetic field strengths up to 2000 G generated by an EEV electromagnet. These changes in motor characteristics were measured for three orientations of the motor in the external magnetic field, mimicking changes in motor orientations due to installation and/or collimator rotations. In addition, the functionality of the associated magnetic motor encoder was tested. The tested motors are used with the Varian 120 leaf Millennium MLC (Maxon Motor half leaf and full leaf motors) and the Varian 52 leaf MKII MLC (MicroMo Electronics leaf motor) including a carriage motor (MicroMo Electronics). Results: In most cases, the magnetic encoder of the motors failed prior to any damage to the gearbox or the permanent magnet motor itself. This sets an upper limit of the external magnetic field strength on the motor function. The measured limits of the external magnetic fields were found to vary by the motor type. The leaf motor used with a Varian 52 leaf MKII MLC system tolerated up to 450{+-}10 G. The carriage motor tolerated up to 2000{+-}10 G field. The motors used with the Varian 120 leaf Millennium MLC system were found to tolerate a maximum of 600{+-}10 G. Conclusions: The current Varian MLC system motors can be used for real-time image-guided radiotherapy coupled to a linac-MR system, provided the fringe magnetic fields at their locations are below the determined tolerance levels. With the fringe magnetic fields of linac-MR systems expected to be larger than the tolerance levels determined, some form of magnetic shielding would be required.

  9. Seasonal trend of photosynthetic parameters and stomatal conductance of blue oak (Quercus douglasii) under prolonged summer drought and high temperature

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu, L; Baldocchi, DD

    2003-09-01

    OAK-B135 Understanding seasonal changes in photosynthetic parameters and stomatal conductance is crucial for modeling long-term carbon uptake and energy fluxes of ecosystems. Gas exchange measurements of CO{sub 2} and light response curves on blue oak leaves (Quercus douglasii H. & A.) were conducted weekly throughout the growing season to study the seasonality of photosynthetic capacity (V{sub cmax}) and Ball-Berry slope (m) under prolonged summer drought and high temperature. A leaf photosynthetic model was used to determine V{sub cmax}. There was a pronounced seasonal pattern in V{sub cmax}. The maximum value of V{sub cmax}, 127 {micro}molm{sup -2} s{sup -1},was reached shortly after leaf expansion in early summer, when air temperature was moderate and soil water availability was high. Thereafter, V{sub cmax} declined as the soil water profile became depleted and the trees experienced extreme air temperatures, exceeding 40 C. The decline in V{sub cmax} was gradual in midsummer, however, despite extremely low predawn leaf water potentials ({Psi}{sub pd}, {approx} -4.0 MPa). Overall, temporal changes in V{sub cmax} were well correlated with changes in leaf nitrogen content. During spring leaf development, high rates of leaf dark respiration (R{sub d}, 5-6 {micro}mol m{sup -2} s{sup -1}) were observed. Once a leaf reached maturity, R{sub d} remained low, around 0.5 {micro}mol m{sup -2} s{sup -1}. In contrast to the strong seasonality of V{sub cmax}, m and marginal water cost per unit carbon gain ({partial_derivative}E/{partial_derivative}A) were relatively constant over the season, even when leaf {Psi}{sub pd} dropped to -6.8 MPa. The constancy of {partial_derivative}E/{partial_derivative}A suggests that stomata behaved optimally under severe water-stress conditions. We discuss the implications of our findings in the context of modeling carbon and water vapor exchange between ecosystems and the atmosphere.

  10. Texas Strawberries. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McEachern, George Ray; Hancock, Bluefford G.

    1978-01-01

    be virus- and nematode-free. Set plants 2 or 3 days following a spring rain or sprinkler irrigation. - Make the bed 42 inches wide and no higher than 4 inches. Set plants 18 inches apart down the center of the row. "Stick five runners 8 to 10 inches... mineral nutrients and top 8 to 10 inches of soil. st have a strong disease-free t the soil line and is nlatle dy stem tissue. It is tlie site of leaf ant1 initiation, plant suppo~t and storage of rves. A strong, thick crown is essential leaf...

  11. Texas Crop Profile: Onions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Kent D.; Holloway, Rodney L.; Smith, Dudley

    2000-04-12

    the formation of whitish blotches that first appear as dashes on leaves. Severely attacked plants develop a gray or silver appearance and may become distorted. Damage may be found first in the leaf sheaths and stem or on the undersides of a cupped leaf. Spider... flower Pounce ? ) thrips and onion thrips Cypermethrin 100 foliar 2.5 fl. oz. cutworm 1 , onion thrips 2 1 Cutworm and onion thrips (Ammo ? 2.5 EC ) cutworms, 4 fl. oz. thrips Methyl-parathion 65 foliar 1.3 pts. 1 thrips/plant 1st app., 1.3 Onion...

  12. Bermudagrass Production and Management in East Texas. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holt, Ethan C.; Lancaster, J. A.

    1968-01-01

    with crimson clover and fertilized with 120 to 150 pounds of nitrogen per acre beginning approximately June 1, has produced 5 to 6 tons of forage annually. This amount of nitrogen without the legume pro- duced 4 to 4.5 tons of forage. The use of the legume... about June gives the best total production and also the longest production season. The best adapted legumes of those tested appear to be crimson clover, narrow leaf vetch and Singletary peas. Narrow-leaf vetch, Vicia angustifolia, is a native ,,L...

  13. Texas 4-H Ambassador Handbook 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Locke, Darlene

    2009-04-27

    ). Badges are about 1 3 /4 by 3 1 /4 inches, gold tone medal, with black letters and a green 4-H Clover. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Mail Ambassador Pins to: Name ________________________________________________ Address... To Make the Best Better Emblem The 4-H emblem is a four-leaf clover with a letter ?H? on each leaf, standing for head, heart, hands and health. Colors The 4-H colors are green and white. Green symbolizes nature?s most common color...

  14. 29/03/2015 17:16The 10 best nature books | Culture | The Guardian Page 1 of 4http://www.theguardian.com/culture/2015/mar/20/the-10-best-nature-books

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Stuart

    struggle to drink their tea, the difficulties of growing melons in England, the vexed question of whether the first time and entirely without optical assistance) of three leaf-green warblers. The Voyage and with disastrous effect. The Book of the Green Man Ronald Johnson, 1967 A new reprint of a barely known long poem

  15. 2.50 Drip coffee 2.50 Espresso

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Jeff

    .50 Smoothies A) Blueberries, yogurt, banana and green tea B) Strawberry, banana, orange and yogurt C) Kale.50 London fog 4 Mocha latte 3.50 Hot chocolate 2.50 Loose leaf tea 3 Cold brewed coffee 2.50 House-made Iced tea 2.50 Dry soda Wild Lime Blood Orange Rhubarb Cucumber 3 Fentiman's botanically brewed soda Ginger

  16. 1. Noah's Bagels 2. Pete's Coffee & Tea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinreb, Sander

    1. Noah's Bagels 2. Pete's Coffee & Tea 3. Pie 'N Burger 4. Noda Sushi 5. Subway 6. Madres 7. Coffee Bean & Tea Leaf 14. Cold Stone Creamery 15. Macy's 16. Red Brick Pizza 17. Trader Joe's 18. Green Street Restaurant 42. Radhika's Cuisine of India 43. Crocodile Cafe 44. California Skewers 45

  17. MON & FRI 8a to 5p TUE, WED, THUR 8a to 6p

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaucher, Eric

    REVIVAL TEA Feeling under the weather? This will clear your skies right away! High Antioxidant Green Chocolate with any fruit. MAUI WAUI Strawberry, Banana, Pineapple TEA LOOSE LEAF - 16oz. $2.59 CLEARWATER and White Chai, Dried Berries, Echinacea, Honey, Lemon, Bitters, Spearmint. $4.28 ICE ICED TEA BABY - 24oz

  18. COFFEE HOUSE Gourmet Food & Beverages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dennett, Daniel

    Oreo cookies, or walnuts) and chocolate or caramel syrup. MIGHTY LEAF® TEA is artisan blended and organic. Our selection in- cludes Earl Grey, Breakfast Americana, African Nec- tar, Vanilla Bean, Green wrapped in handcrafted silken and award-winning biodegradable tea pouches. About the brown And brew COFFEE

  19. Appendix 1. List of medicinal plants identified by Tamang people from the Chilime Village Development Committee of the Rasuwa district, Central Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asselin, Hugo

    . Infusion taken as tea. 7. Artemisia indica Willd COMPOSITAE Titepati (Np), Chyanchin, Surchent (Tam) Herb, diarrhoea, dysentery, fever. Juice. 12. Bistorta affinis (D. Don) Greene POLYGONACEAE Muakui (Tam) Herb Root, leaf Diarrhoea and dysentery. Paste drunk as tea in the morning. 13. Cannabis sativa L. CANNABACEAE

  20. HOOKED ON FISH? TRY WHITING IN WINE SAUCE If you are hook dOll fish !Jut lui t'W<.lT'rn about

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a buttery -\\I; In accented with mushrooms, green omons, lemon juice, and a touch of crushed bay leaf teas salt o ('nnh d Y I aI '!" t 5 o pep r 1 ole f c )mei teas Thaw froren f.sh . C lean, wash, a nd