Sample records for leaf chevrolet volt

  1. How many electric miles do Nissan Leafs and Chevrolet Volts in The EV Project travel?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John Smart

    2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents travel statistics and metrics describing the driving behavior of Nissan Leaf and Chevrolet Volt drivers in the EV Project. It specifically quantifies the distance each group of vehicles drives each month. This paper will be published to INL's external website and will be accessible by the general public.

  2. AVTA: 2012 Chevrolet Volt PHEV Downloadable Dynamometer Database...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Chevrolet Volt PHEV Downloadable Dynamometer Database Reports AVTA: 2012 Chevrolet Volt PHEV Downloadable Dynamometer Database Reports The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced...

  3. AVTA: 2011 Chevrolet Volt Testing Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a Chevrolet Volt 2011. The baseline performance testing provides a point of comparison for the other test results. Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  4. AVTA: 2013 Chevrolet Volt Testing Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a 2013 Chevrolet Volt. Baseline and battery testing data collected at Argonne National Laboratory is available in summary and CSV form on the Argonne Downloadable Dynometer Database site (http://www.anl.gov/energy-systems/group/downloadable-dynamometer-databas...). The reports for download here are based on research done at Idaho National Laboratory. Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing.

  5. AVTA: Chevrolet Volt ARRA Vehicle Demonstration Project Data

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act supported a number of projects that together made up the largest ever deployment of plug-in electric vehicles and charging infrastructure in the U.S. The following reports summarize data collected from a project General Motors conducted to deploy 150 2011 Chevrolet Volts around the country. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  6. AVTA: ARRA EV Project Chevrolet Volt Data Summary Reports

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act supported a number of projects that together made up the largest ever deployment of plug-in electric vehicles and charging infrastructure in the U.S. The following reports provide summary overviews of the 2,600 plug-in hybrid electric Chevrolet Volts deployed through the EV Project. It also deployed about 14,000 Level 2 PEV chargers and 300 DC fast chargers. Background data on how this data was collected is in the EV Project: About the Reports. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  7. 2011 Chevrolet Volt VIN 0815 Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    2-29678 2011 Chevrolet Volt VIN 0815 Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results Tyler Gray Jeffrey Wishart Matthew Shirk July 2013 The Idaho National Laboratory is a U.S....

  8. Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity Benchmark Testing of the Chevrolet Volt Onboard Charger

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richard Carlson

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is a report for public consumption, for the AVTA website, detailing the testing and analysis of the benchmark testing conducted on the Chevrolet Volt on-board charger.

  9. What kind of charging infrastructure do Chevrolet Volts Drivers in The EV Project use?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John Smart

    2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes key conclusions from analysis of data collected from Chevrolet Volts participating in The EV Project. Topics include how much Volt drivers charge at level 1 vs. level 2 rates and how much they charge at home vs. away from home.

  10. How much are Chevrolet Volts in The EV Project driven in EV Mode?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John Smart

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes key conclusions from analysis of data collected from Chevrolet Volts participating in The EV Project. Topics include how many miles are driven in EV mode, how far vehicles are driven between charging events, and how much energy is charged from the electric grid per charging event.

  11. Connectivity-Enhanced Route Selection and Adaptive Control for the Chevrolet Volt: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gonder, J.; Wood, E.; Rajagopalan, S.

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Renewable Energy Laboratory and General Motors evaluated connectivity-enabled efficiency enhancements for the Chevrolet Volt. A high-level model was developed to predict vehicle fuel and electricity consumption based on driving characteristics and vehicle state inputs. These techniques were leveraged to optimize energy efficiency via green routing and intelligent control mode scheduling, which were evaluated using prospective driving routes between tens of thousands of real-world origin/destination pairs. The overall energy savings potential of green routing and intelligent mode scheduling was estimated at 5% and 3% respectively. These represent substantial opportunities considering that they only require software adjustments to implement.

  12. Actual Versus Estimated Utility Factor of a Large Set of Privately Owned Chevrolet Volts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John Smart; Thomas Bradley; Stephen Schey

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to determine the overall fuel economy of a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV), the amount of operation in charge depleting (CD) versus charge sustaining modes must be determined. Mode of operation is predominantly dependent on customer usage of the vehicle and is therefore highly variable. The utility factor (UF) concept was developed to quantify the distance a group of vehicles has traveled or may travel in CD mode. SAE J2841 presents a UF calculation method based on data collected from travel surveys of conventional vehicles. UF estimates have been used in a variety of areas, including the calculation of window sticker fuel economy, policy decisions, and vehicle design determination. The EV Project, a plug-in electric vehicle charging infrastructure demonstration being conducted across the United States, provides the opportunity to determine the real-world UF of a large group of privately owned Chevrolet Volt extended range electric vehicles. Using data collected from Volts enrolled in The EV Project, this paper compares the real-world UF of two groups of Chevrolet Volts to estimated UF's based on J2841. The actual observed fleet utility factors (FUF) for the MY2011/2012 and MY2013 Volt groups studied were observed to be 72% and 74%, respectively. Using the EPA CD ranges, the method prescribed by J2841 estimates a FUF of 65% and 68% for the MY2011/2012 and MY2013 Volt groups, respectively. Volt drivers achieved higher percentages of distance traveled in EV mode for two reasons. First, they had fewer long-distance travel days than drivers in the national travel survey referenced by J2841. Second, they charged more frequently than the J2841 assumption of once per day - drivers of Volts in this study averaged over 1.4 charging events per day. Although actual CD range varied widely as driving conditions varied, the average CD ranges for the two Volt groups studied matched the EPA CD range estimates, so CD range variation did not affect FUF results.

  13. What Kind of Charging Infrastructure Do Chevrolet Volt Drivers in The EV Project Use and When Do They Use It?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shawn Salisbury

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document will present information describing the charging behavior of Chevrolet Volts that were enrolled in the EV Project. It will included aggregated data from more than 1,800 vehicles regarding locations, power levels, and time-of-day of charging events performed by those vehicles. This document will be published to the INL AVTA website.

  14. 2011 Chevrolet Volt VIN 0815 Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tyler Gray; Matthew Shirk; Jeffrey Wishart

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) program consists of vehicle, battery, and infrastructure testing on advanced technology related to transportation. The activity includes tests on plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), including testing the PHEV batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new and at the conclusion of 12,000 miles of on-road fleet testing. This report documents battery testing performed for the 2011 Chevrolet Volt PHEV (VIN 1G1RD6E48BU100815). The battery testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation (eTec) dba ECOtality North America. The Idaho National Laboratory and ECOtality North America collaborate on the AVTA for the Vehicle Technologies Program of the DOE.

  15. Where do Chevrolet Volt drivers in The EV Project charge when they have the opportunity to charge at work?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John Smart; Don Scoffield

    2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper investigates where Chevy Volt drivers in the EV Project charge when they have the opportunity to charge at work. Do they charge at home, work, or some other location.

  16. 2013 Chevrolet Volt - VIN 3929 - Advanced Vehicle Testing - Beginning...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Voltage 3 : 3.00 V Thermal Management: Active - Liquid cooled BATTERY LABORATORY TEST RESULTS SUMMARY Vehicle Mileage and Testing Date Vehicle Odometer: 4,007 mi Date of...

  17. AVTA: 2012 Chevrolet Volt PHEV Downloadable Dynamometer Database Reports

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. ...

  18. The Department of Energy's Innovation in GM's Chevrolet Volt | Department

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently AskedEnergyIssuesEnergy Solar Decathlon2001 Powerof Energy Energy's Innovation

  19. The Department of Energy's Innovation in GM's Chevrolet Volt | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideoStrategic| DepartmentDepartmentThe DoD SitingDepartmentTheof Energy The

  20. CHEVROLET | ELECTRIC | GREEN | SPARK EV | TECHNOLOGY. INNOVATION...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    CHEVROLET | ELECTRIC | GREEN | SPARK EV | TECHNOLOGY. INNOVATION & SOLUTIONS | GREENER VEHICLES Home There are currently no posts in this category. Syndicate content...

  1. Advanced Vehicle Testing & Evaluation

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Volt PHEV (MY11) 2 Nissan Leaf BEV (MY11) 4 Honda Civic CNG 4 VW Jetta Turbo Diesel 4 Chevrolet Volt PHEV (MY13) 4 Chevrolet Malibu ECO 4 Honda Civic...

  2. AVTA: Chevrolet Malibu HEV 2013 Testing Results | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    The following reports describe results of testing done on a 2013 Chevrolet Malibu hybrid electric vehicle. The baseline performance testing provides a point of comparison...

  3. Data Analysis and Reporting of the 150 Chevrolet Volt ARRA Demonstration Fleet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richard "Barney" Carlson

    2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the final report for the GM Vehicle Demo analysis and reporting. I'd like it to be posted to the AVTA website. It contains no new information than what is in Quarterly reports that were previously approved by GM.

  4. EV Project Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    days 2013 ECOtality 7302013 8:20:32 AM INLMIS-10-19479 4 of 116 Vehicles Charged Car sharing fleet Nissan Leaf Chevrolet Volt Unknown Percent of charging events 53% 6%...

  5. EV Project Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    all days 2012 ECOtality 212013 9:44:51 AM INLMIS-10-19479 4 of 89 Vehicles Charged Car sharing fleet Nissan Leaf Chevrolet Volt Unknown Percent of charging events 22% 20%...

  6. HelioVolt Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG|Information OpenEIHasInformationHelioDynamics LtdHelioVolt Inc

  7. A Method for Evaluating Volt-VAR Optimization Field Demonstrations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schneider, Kevin P.; Weaver, T. F.

    2014-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    In a regulated business environment a utility must be able to validate that deployed technologies provide quantifiable benefits to the end-use customers. For traditional technologies there are well established procedures for determining what benefits will be derived from the deployment. But for many emerging technologies procedures for determining benefits are less clear and completely absent in some cases. Volt-VAR Optimization is a technology that is being deployed across the nation, but there are still numerous discussions about potential benefits and how they are achieved. This paper will present a method for the evaluation, and quantification of benefits, for field deployments of Volt-VAR Optimization technologies. In addition to the basic methodology, the paper will present a summary of results, and observations, from two separate Volt-VAR Optimization field evaluations using the proposed method.

  8. AVTA: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    2013 Ford Fusion Energi2013 Ford C-Max Energi Fleet2013 Ford C-Max Energi2012 Chevrolet Volt2012 Toyota Prius2013 Toyota Prius2013 Chevrolet Volt2011 Chrysler Town & Country2010 Quantum...

  9. The determination of the stresses in single and multi-leaf simply supported beams due to impact loading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Machac, Paul Edward

    1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    was transferred to the test beams. Lubricants. Black powdered graphite and SAE 30 weight oil were used as lubricants in this experiment. 6 Volt batter . A 6 volt GZX-1 Exide automotive battery energised the electromagnet, Carbon tetrachloride. This solvent... these effects. A design procedure was determined for the dynamic stresses of lubricated and unlubricated multi-leaf beams by the best equation which represented the dynamic stresses of a single beam, Since adding beams to the single beam reduced...

  10. The determination of the stresses in single and multi-leaf simply supported beams due to impact loading 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Machac, Paul Edward

    1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . The lubricants used for the tests were black powdered graphite and SAE 30 weight motor oil. The stresses obtained from these lubricated beams were measured and compared to the unlubricated multi-leaf beams' The stresses were measured with strain gauges... was transferred to the test beams. Lubricants. Black powdered graphite and SAE 30 weight oil were used as lubricants in this experiment. 6 Volt batter . A 6 volt GZX-1 Exide automotive battery energised the electromagnet, Carbon tetrachloride. This solvent...

  11. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: 12 Volt Auxiliary Load On-road Analysis

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Idaho National Laboratory at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about 12 volt auxiliary...

  12. Generation of mega-electron-volt electron beams by an ultrafast intense laser pulse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Umstadter, Donald

    Generation of mega-electron-volt electron beams by an ultrafast intense laser pulse Xiaofang Wang emission from the interaction of an ultrafast ( 29 fs), intense ( 1018 W/cm2 ) laser pulse with underdense of such an ultrafast laser pulse with matter and possible new approaches to MeV electron generation. In this paper we

  13. Aerosol-Jet-Printed, 1 Volt HBridge Drive Circuit on Plastic with Integrated Electrochromic Pixel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Chris H.

    Aerosol-Jet-Printed, 1 Volt HBridge Drive Circuit on Plastic with Integrated Electrochromic Pixel electrochromic (EC) pixel as large as 4 mm2 that is printed on the same substrate. All of the key components, flexible electronics, electrochromic pixel, transistor, capacitor, ion gel 1. INTRODUCTION Printing

  14. Clock for and CAMAC hardware for measurement of volt-amphere characteristic of thermionic converter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DZHASHIASHVILI, Yu.N.

    1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes a clock that is controlled by a computer through a CAMAC output-register module. The clock trigger the load of a thermionic converter for measurement of the volt-ampere charecteristic for 10 msec and synchronizes the start of measurement with the phase of the applied voltage. A schemitic diagram of the clock is shown. The clock increases the data-acquisition speed in successive measurement of several VACs with a limited amount of buffer memory.

  15. The characteristics of arcing faults in 480-volt power distribution systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shih, Yu?

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    December 1994 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering THE CHARACTERISTICS OF ARCING FAULTS IN 480-VOLT POWER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS A Thesis by YU SHI Submitted to Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved as to style and content by: B. Don Russell (Chair of Committee) . M. Hua g (Member) , 24 . Yurt (Member) M. Kezunovic (Member) A. D. Patton (Head of Department) December 1994 Major Subject; Electrical Engineering...

  16. Elm Leaf Beetle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patrick, Carl D.

    2002-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Elm leaf beetles damage all varieties of elm trees. Learn how to identify this insect and understand its biology and life cycle. There are suggestions for controlling elm leaf beetles, as well as a table of insecticides effective against...

  17. One-volt p-InP/n-CdSe regenerative photoelectrochemical cell

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ang, P.G.P.; Sammells, A.F.

    1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Features and performance of a two-photoelectrode regenerative photoelectrochemical (PEC) cell that yielded a combined photovoltage of more than one volt are reported. The photoanode was n-CdSe, the photocathode was p-InP, and the electrolyte was aqueous sulfide/polysulfide. Details of the fabrication process are provided, including formation of an ohmic contact by sputter deposited gold and then electroplating the photocathode with Zn, followed by a final sputtered gold layer. Tests under 100 mW/sq cm illumination of the unoptimized regenerative cell produced an open circuit voltage of 1.15 V, a short circuit current of 24 mA/sq cm, a fill factor of 0.40, and an overall efficiency of 5.5 percent.

  18. 2013 Chevrolet Malibu ECO Hybrid

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    2 : 3.00 V Thermal Management: Active - Forced air Pack Weight: 65 lb BEGINNING-OF-TEST: BATTERY LABORATORY TEST RESULTS SUMMARY Vehicle Mileage and Testing Date Vehicle...

  19. Optimization of Solar Cell Design for Use with GreenVolts CPV System: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-08-00281

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ward, S.

    2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    GreenVolts, a Bay area start-up, was developing a CPV system that was based on a unique reflective optical design. They were interested in adapting the inverted GaInP/GaAs/GaInAs cell structure designed at NREL for use in their system. The purpose of this project was to optimize the inverted GaInP/GaAs/GaInAs cell for operation in the GreenVolts optical system.

  20. Effects of environmental parameters, leaf physiological properties and leaf water relations on leaf water d18

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tu, Kevin

    properties and leaf water relations as drivers of the isotopic enrichment of leaf water across 17 Eucalyptus that the enrichment of the heavier oxygen isotope (18 O) in the leaf water and the subsequent photoassimilates formed and ecosystem bio- geochemistry. Isotopic leaf water enrichment can, for example, be related to a plant's water

  1. Causal Analysis of the Inadvertent Contact with an Uncontrolled Electrical Hazardous Energy Source (120 Volts AC)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David E. James; Dennis E. Raunig; Sean S. Cunningham

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On September 25, 2013, a Health Physics Technician (HPT) was performing preparations to support a pneumatic transfer from the HFEF Decon Cell to the Room 130 Glovebox in HFEF, per HFEF OI 3165 section 3.5, Field Preparations. This activity involves an HPT setting up and climbing a portable ladder to remove the 14-C meter probe from above ball valve HBV-7. The HPT source checks the meter and probe and then replaces the probe above HBV-7, which is located above Hood ID# 130 HP. At approximately 13:20, while reaching past the HBV-7 valve position indicator switches in an attempt to place the 14-C meter probe in the desired location, the HPT’s left forearm came in contact with one of the three sets of exposed terminals on the valve position indication switches for HBV 7. This resulted in the HPT receiving an electrical shock from a 120 Volt AC source. Upon moving the arm, following the electrical shock, the HPT noticed two exposed electrical connections on a switch. The HPT then notified the HFEF HPT Supervisor, who in turn notified the MFC Radiological Controls Manager and HFEF Operations Manager of the situation. Work was stopped in the area and the hazard was roped off and posted to prevent access to the hazard. The HPT was escorted by the HPT Supervisor to the MFC Dispensary and then preceded to CFA medical for further evaluation. The individual was evaluated and released without any medical restrictions. Causal Factor (Root Cause) A3B3C01/A5B2C08: - Knowledge based error/Attention was given to wrong issues - Written Communication content LTA, Incomplete/situation not covered The Causal Factor (root cause) was attention being given to the wrong issues during the creation, reviews, verifications, and actual performance of HFEF OI-3165, which covers the need to perform the weekly source check and ensure placement of the probe prior to performing a “rabbit” transfer. This resulted in the hazard not being identified and mitigated in the procedure. Work activities with in HFEF-OI-3165 placed the HPT in proximity of an unmitigated hazard directly resulting in this event. Contributing Factor A3B3C04/A4B5C04: - Knowledge Based Error, LTA Review Based on Assumption That Process Will Not Change - Change Management LTA, Risks/consequences associated with change not adequately reviewed/assessed Prior to the pneumatic system being out of service, the probe and meter were not being source checked together. The source check issue was identified and addressed during the period of time when the system was out of service. The corrective actions for this issue resulted in the requirement that a meter and probe be source checked together as it is intended to be used. This changed the activity and required an HPT to weekly, when in use, remove and install the probe from above HBV-7 to meet the requirement of LRD 15001 Part 5 Article 551.5. Risks and consequences associated with this change were not adequately reviewed or assessed. Failure to identify the hazard associated with this change directly contributed to this event.

  2. North Carolina State University, Campus Box 7409, Raleigh, NC 27695 | 919-515-3480 | www.nccleantech.ncsu.edu | 1/14 Advancing Clean Energy for a Sustainable Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .cleantransportation.org Greenest Vehicles of 2014 by Size Class and Fuel Technology Hybrid Petroleum Alternative Fuel Compact Car) 32 city/45 hwy, Bin 4 Chevrolet Spark EV Electric 128/109 MPGe, 82-mile range, Bin 1 Volkswagen Jetta city/39 hwy, Bin 4 Chevrolet Volt 1.4L, Auto, Electricity/Gasoline (91) 101/93 MPGe, electric-only 38

  3. A study in hybrid vehicle architectures : comparing efficiency and performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cotter, Gavin M

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents a comparison of performance and efficiencies for four vehicle power architectures; the internal combustion engine (ICE), the parallel hybrid (i.e. Toyota Prius), the serial hybrid (i.e. Chevrolet Volt), ...

  4. Fact #762: January 14, 2013 Sales from Introduction: Hybrid Vehicles...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    The Toyota Prius hybrid-electric vehicle (HEV) was first released in the U.S. market in January 2000 and 324 were sold in the first month. The Chevrolet Volt, a hybrid-electric...

  5. Leaf-to-leaf distances in Catalan tree graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrew M. Goldsborough; Jonathan M. Fellows; Matthew Bates; S. Alex Rautu; George Rowlands; Rudolf A. Römer

    2015-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the average leaf-to-leaf path lengths on ordered Catalan tree graphs with $n$ nodes and show that these are equivalent to the average length of paths starting from the root node. We give an explicit analytic formula for the average leaf-to-leaf path length as a function of separation of the leaves and study its asymptotic properties. At the heart of our method is a strategy based on an abstract graph representation of generating functions which we hope can be useful also in other contexts.

  6. Electron-Atom Superelastic Scattering in Magnesium at Millielectron Volt Energies T. Baynard, A. C. Reber, R. F. Niedziela,| S. A. Darveau, B. Prutzman,# and R. S. Berry*,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berry, R. Stephen

    Electron-Atom Superelastic Scattering in Magnesium at Millielectron Volt Energies T. Baynard, A. C ReceiVed: July 17, 2007; In Final Form: September 16, 2007 The energy dependence of superelastic electron source to collide with excited atoms. Measurements are made at energies as low as 1.5 me

  7. Leaf Modeling and Constrained Leaf Morphing in Leaf Space Saurabh Garg1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leow, Wee Kheng

    , and structure of the leaves among different species of plants. The main draw- back of existing methods. In this paper, we present a novel parametric leaf model based on botanical considerations for generating is generated by fitting quadratic B-spline curves to the landmark points and tangents. The proposed leaf model

  8. Leaf-wax n-alkanes record the plantwater environment at leaf ush

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tipple, Brett

    Leaf-wax n-alkanes record the plant­water environment at leaf ush Brett J. Tipple1 , Melissa A, UT, and approved December 26, 2012 (received for review August 13, 2012) Leaf-wax n-alkanes 2 H/1 H the 2 H values of leaf-wax n-alkanes and of stem, leaf, stream, and atmospheric waters throughout

  9. AVTA: 2013 Chevrolet Malibu HEV Testing Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    VTO's National Laboratories have tested and collected both dynamometer and fleet data for the Chevy Malibu HEV (a hybrid electric vehicle).

  10. Short communication Leaf optical properties and photosynthetic leaf absorptances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Durako, Michael J.

    (PAR) values ranged from 45 Æ 3% for H. ovalis from a shallow (1 m) open coastal site in Western Australia of Australia. Leaf spectral transmittance [TL(l)], reflectance [RL(l)], and non-photosynthetic absorptance [AL species and sites. P. coriacea, a seagrass characteristic of high energy environments with the most

  11. Leaf endophyte load influences fungal garden development in leaf-cutting ants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    Leaf endophyte load influences fungal garden development in leaf-cutting ants Van Bael et al. Van Open Access Leaf endophyte load influences fungal garden development in leaf-cutting ants Sunshine with relatively low fungal endophyte content. This preference suggests that fungal endophytes exact a cost

  12. Original article Photosynthesis, leaf area and productivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Original article Photosynthesis, leaf area and productivity of 5 poplar clones during; The stem volume and biomass (stem + branches) production, net photosynthesis of mature leaves and leaf area found in volume production, woody biomass production, total leaf area and net photosynthesis. Above

  13. ORIGINAL PAPER Leaf wax d2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Briner, Jason P.

    ORIGINAL PAPER Leaf wax d2 H and varve-thickness climate proxies from proglacial lake sediments Science+Business Media B.V. 2012 Abstract We present a multiproxy paleoclimate record using leaf wax Á Leaf wax Á Proglacial lake Á Varve Introduction Arctic proglacial lake sediments are excellent

  14. AVTA: ARRA EV Project Electric Grid Impact Report

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act supported a number of projects that together made up the largest ever deployment of plug-in electric vehicles and charging infrastructure in the U.S. The following report describes lessons learned about the impact on the electrical grid from the EV Project. The EV Project partnered with city, regional and state governments, utilities, and other organizations in 16 cities to deploy about 14,000 Level 2 PEV chargers and 300 DC fast chargers. It also deployed 5,700 all-electric Nissan Leafs and 2,600 plug-in hybrid electric Chevrolet Volts. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  15. AVTA: ARRA EV Project Overview

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act supported a number of projects that together made up the largest ever deployment of plug-in electric vehicles and charging infrastructure in the U.S. The following document describes the context of the EV Project, which partnered with city, regional and state governments, utilities, and other organizations in 16 cities to deploy about 14,000 Level 2 PEV chargers and 300 DC fast chargers. It also deployed 5,700 all-electric Nissan Leafs and 2,600 plug-in hybrid electric Chevrolet Volts. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  16. AVTA: ARRA EV Project Charging Infrastructure Data Summary Reports

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act supported a number of projects that together made up the largest ever deployment of plug-in electric vehicles and charging infrastructure in the U.S. The following reports summarize data collected from the 14,000 Level 2 PEV chargers and 300 DC fast chargers deployed by the EV Project. It also deployed 5,700 all-electric Nissan Leafs and 2,600 plug-in hybrid electric Chevrolet Volts. Background data on how this data was collected is in the EV Project: About the Reports. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  17. AVTA: ARRA EV Project Vehicle Placement Maps

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act supported a number of projects that together made up the largest ever deployment of plug-in electric vehicles and charging infrastructure in the U.S. The following maps describe where the EV Project deployed 5,700 all-electric Nissan Leafs and 2,600 plug-in hybrid electric Chevrolet Volts. Background data on how this data was collected is in the EV Project: About the Reports. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  18. Yield and leaf blade area comparisons of extra leafy to normal leafed maize (Zea mays L.) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rushing, Ronald Wayne

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    relationships between extra leaf production and rain yield of the leafy 9 hybrids. Fourteen hybrids were compared, including, eight Lfy and six normal-leafed industry standard hybrids. The fourteen hybrids were replicated four times in a randomized block design...

  19. Yield and leaf blade area comparisons of extra leafy to normal leafed maize (Zea mays L.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rushing, Ronald Wayne

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    relationships between extra leaf production and rain yield of the leafy 9 hybrids. Fourteen hybrids were compared, including, eight Lfy and six normal-leafed industry standard hybrids. The fourteen hybrids were replicated four times in a randomized block design...

  20. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA- Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) uses standard procedures and test specifications to test and collect data from vehicles on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. Data on the plug-in hybrid electric version of the following vehicles is available: 2013 Ford Fusion Energi, 2013 Ford C-Max Energi Fleet, 2013 Ford C-Max Energi, 2012 Chevrolet Volt, 2012 Toyota Prius, 2013 Toyota Prius, 2013 Chevrolet Volt, 2011 Chrysler Town & Country, 2010 Quantum Escape, and 2010 Ford Escape Advanced Research Vehicle.

  1. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA- Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Performance and Testing Data

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) uses standard procedures and test specifications to test and collect data from vehicles on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. Data on the plug-in hybrid electric version of the following vehicles is available: 2013 Ford Fusion Energi, 2013 Ford C-Max Energi Fleet, 2013 Ford C-Max Energi, 2012 Chevrolet Volt, 2012 Toyota Prius, 2013 Toyota Prius, 2013 Chevrolet Volt, 2011 Chrysler Town & Country, 2010 Quantum Escape, and 2010 Ford Escape Advanced Research Vehicle.

  2. Sky Volt | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎ |Rippey JumpAirPowerSilcioEthanol LLCSitkaOregon

  3. 25000 Volts Under the Sea

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItemResearch >InternshipDepartment ofAugustDecember 201420thSciences

  4. Leaf-to-leaf distances and their moments in finite and infinite m-ary tree graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrew M. Goldsborough; S. Alex Rautu; Rudolf A. Römer

    2015-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the leaf-to-leaf distances on full and complete m-ary graphs using a recursive approach. In our formulation, leaves are ordered along a line. We find explicit analytical formulae for the sum of all paths for arbitrary leaf-to-leaf distance r as well as the average path lengths and the moments thereof. We show that the resulting explicit expressions can be recast in terms of Hurwitz-Lerch transcendants. Results for periodic trees are also given. For incomplete random binary trees, we provide first results by numerical techniques; we find a rapid drop of leaf-to-leaf distances for large r.

  5. affects leaf surface: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Derived Leaf Area Index over the High-Latitude Northern Hemisphere. Part II: Earth System Models CiteSeer Summary: Abstract: Leaf Area Index (LAI) is a key parameter in the...

  6. arietinum leaf surfaces: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Derived Leaf Area Index over the High-Latitude Northern Hemisphere. Part II: Earth System Models CiteSeer Summary: Abstract: Leaf Area Index (LAI) is a key parameter in the...

  7. Breakthrough Technologies Leaf Extraction and Analysis Framework Graphical User

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weitz, Joshua S.

    : Segmenting and Analyzing the Structure of Leaf Veins and Areoles1[W][OA] Charles A. Price*, Olga Symonova and Analysis Framework Graphical User Interface (LEAF GUI), a user-assisted software tool that facilitates software promises to facilitate improved understanding of the adaptive and ecological significance of leaf

  8. Red Leaf Resources and the Commercialization of Oil Shale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utah, University of

    Red Leaf Resources and the Commercialization of Oil Shale #12;About Red Leaf Resources 2006 Company commercial development field activities #12;Highlights Proven, Revolutionary Oil Shale Extraction Process Technology Significant Owned Oil Shale Resource #12;· The executive management team of Red Leaf Resources

  9. Community Partners A New Leaf Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    Community Partners A New Leaf Program A+ Nursery A+ Preschool ABCD Early Head Start Addiction Treatment Center of New England African Apostolate of Manchester Diocese AIDS Action Committee Allston at Home Program Home for Little Wanderers - Therapeutic Foster Care Program Horace Mann School

  10. Use of NAP gene to manipulate leaf senescence in plants

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gan, Susheng; Guo, Yongfeng

    2013-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention discloses transgenic plants having an altered level of NAP protein compared to that of a non-transgenic plant, where the transgenic plants display an altered leaf senescence phenotype relative to a non-transgenic plant, as well as mutant plants comprising an inactivated NAP gene, where mutant plants display a delayed leaf senescence phenotype compared to that of a non-mutant plant. The present invention also discloses methods for delaying leaf senescence in a plant, as well as methods of making a mutant plant having a decreased level of NAP protein compared to that of a non-mutant plant, where the mutant plant displays a delayed leaf senescence phenotype relative to a non-mutant plant. Methods for causing precocious leaf senescence or promoting leaf senescence in a plant are also disclosed. Also disclosed are methods of identifying a candidate plant suitable for breeding that displays a delayed leaf senescence and/or enhanced yield phenotype.

  11. AVTA: 2014 Chevrolet Cruze Diesel Vehicle Testing Reports

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. ...

  12. 2013 Chevrolet Malibu ECO Hybrid ? VIN 6605, Advanced Vehicle...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    2 : 3.00 V Thermal Management: Active - Forced air Pack Weight: 65 lb BEGINNING-OF-TEST: BATTERY LABORATORY TEST RESULTS SUMMARY Vehicle Mileage and Testing Date Vehicle...

  13. 2013 Chevrolet Malibu ECO Advanced Vehicle Testing - Baseline...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the ESS or other conversion materials. (11) The vehicle may utilize a single-speed, multi-speed automatic, manual transmission, or a Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT), and...

  14. OpenEI Community - CHEVROLET | ELECTRIC | GREEN | SPARK EV | TECHNOLOGY.

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcernsCompany Oil and GasOff the GridHome All0 en How

  15. CHEVROLET | ELECTRIC | GREEN | SPARK EV | TECHNOLOGY. INNOVATION &

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation inOpen Energy Information BurkinaButylCERTEL Jump to:CESCEZ

  16. arabidopsis delays leaf: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    mediated by delayed responses Katul, Gabriel 4 Chloroplast protein degradation during natural leaf senescence in Arabidopsis thaliana. Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  17. Journal of Insect Physiology 52 (2006) 194201 Leaf miner-induced changes in leaf transmittance cause

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giron, David - Institut de Recherche sur la Biologie de l'Insecte, Université François Rabelais

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    within plant tissues. The amount of CO2 released by larvae below feeding windows at high radiation levels an herbivore feeds on host plant. Modifications of leaf transmittance properties induced by feeding activity on the herbivore's body temperature and respiration rate have been determined under controlled conditions

  18. Observations on resistance to sorghum leaf blight

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tuleen, Darlene Mae

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and 9, pp. 43-44) reflect genetic segrega- tion, they should be viewed as individual plant phenomena rather than as an intermediate-type susceptibility to toxin. Further genetic study of the host may clarify the role of this toxin in the intermediate..., they are uniformly susceptible to attack by parasites. Hybrid grain sorghums are built on a dangerously narrow genetic base (16) susceptible to leaf blight, Resistant cultivars have, however, been recently discovered (2, 11). The purpose of this thesis is (a...

  19. Leaf Clean Energy Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano,Lakefront Tow TankOpen Energy Information PageLeaf

  20. New Leaf Biofuel | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall, Pennsylvania: EnergyEnergyPPCR)NevisInformation 4thInformationNew Leaf

  1. PATTERNS OF LEAF WETTABILITY ALONG AN EXTREME MOISTURE GRADIENT IN WESTERN PATAGONIA, ARGENTINA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brewer, Carol

    PATTERNS OF LEAF WETTABILITY ALONG AN EXTREME MOISTURE GRADIENT IN WESTERN PATAGONIA, ARGENTINA Patagonia, Argentina. Morphological and structural characteristics of leaves significantly affected leaf surfaces. Keywords: leaf wetness, morphology, water droplet, Patagonia, gradient. Introduction A large

  2. The fungus gardens of leaf-cutter ants undergo a distinct physiologica...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    fungus gardens of leaf-cutter ants undergo a distinct physiological transition during biomass degradation. The fungus gardens of leaf-cutter ants undergo a distinct physiological...

  3. Oak Leaf Roller and Springtime Defoliation of Live Oak Trees

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drees, Bastiaan M.

    2004-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    This publication explains how to minimize damage to live oak trees by the oak leaf roller and an associated caterpillar species, which occur throughout Texas but are most damaging in the Hill Country and South Texas....

  4. andongensis leaf juice: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of elm trees. Learn how to identify this insect and understand its biology and life cycle. There are suggestions for controlling elm leaf beetles, as well as a table of...

  5. arborescens leaf juice: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of elm trees. Learn how to identify this insect and understand its biology and life cycle. There are suggestions for controlling elm leaf beetles, as well as a table of...

  6. activated spinach leaf: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    varieties of elm trees. Learn how to identify this insect and understand its biology and life cycle. There are suggestions for controlling elm leaf beetles, as well as a table of...

  7. aloe arborescens leaf: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    varieties of elm trees. Learn how to identify this insect and understand its biology and life cycle. There are suggestions for controlling elm leaf beetles, as well as a table of...

  8. aloe andongensis leaf: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    varieties of elm trees. Learn how to identify this insect and understand its biology and life cycle. There are suggestions for controlling elm leaf beetles, as well as a table of...

  9. aloe ferox leaf: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    varieties of elm trees. Learn how to identify this insect and understand its biology and life cycle. There are suggestions for controlling elm leaf beetles, as well as a table of...

  10. aloe barbadensis leaf: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    varieties of elm trees. Learn how to identify this insect and understand its biology and life cycle. There are suggestions for controlling elm leaf beetles, as well as a table of...

  11. Biochemical and photochemical control of leaf disk expansion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Ralph A.

    1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    promotive effect with kin ins .............. ................ k9 f. Relation of kinetin added to its analogs... .. 51 (1) Effect of kinin-KEN combinations on the relative amount of leaf expansion with red light versus darkness....... .. 53 (2) Effect...-naphthalene acetic acid,..... ,,??? 87 (4) Effect of X-irradiation on leaf disk expansion with kin ins, IAA, and low intensity light.................... 9^ b. Response of X-irradiated intact plants to kinins, IAA, and low intensity light... ?????? 101 LIST...

  12. Recovery – Strategy to Accelerate U.S. Transition to Electric Vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leach, Richard; LoGrasso, Joseph; Monterosso, Sandra

    2014-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this project was to develop Extended Range Electric Vehicle (EREV) advanced propulsion technology and demonstrate a fleet of 146 Volt EREVs to gather data on vehicle performance and infrastructure to understand the impacts on commercialization while also creating or retaining a significant number of jobs in the United States. This objective was achieved by developing and demonstrating EREVs in real world conditions with customers in several diverse locations across the United States and installing, demonstration and testing charging infrastructure while also continuing development on second generation EREV technology. The project completed the development of the Chevrolet Volt and placed the vehicle in the hands of consumers in diverse locations across the United States. This demonstration leveraged the unique telematics platform of OnStar, standard on all Chevrolet Volts, to capture the operating experience that lead to better understanding of customer usage. The project team included utility partners that installed, demonstrated and tested charging infrastructure located in home, workplace and public locations to understand installation issues, customer usage and interaction with the electric grid. Development and demonstration of advanced technologies such as smart charging, fast charging and battery to grid interface were completed. The recipient collected, analyzed and reported the data generated by the demonstration. The recipient also continued to advance the technology of the Chevrolet Volt technology by developing energy storage system enhancements for the next-generation vehicle. Information gathered from the first generation vehicle will be utilized to refine the technology to reduce cost and mass while also increasing energy storage capacity to enhance adoption of the second generation technology into the marketplace. The launch of the first generation Chevrolet Volt will provide additional opportunities to further enhance the RESS (Rechargeable Energy Storage System) with each additional generation. Lessons learned from the launch of the first generation RESS will be demonstrated in the second generation to enhance adoption into the marketplace.

  13. Instructions for Apple Leaf Sample Collection.doc September 2013 Instructions for Apple Leaf Sample Collection Vermont

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    . MAKE OUT a check or money order payable to UVM, and enclose check, information sheets, and leaf sample, available at most drugstores, for washing and rinsing the samples. Change the water as it becomes dirty

  14. Animal Agency in Le Quattro Volte

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMahon, Laura

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Phillips notes, the film is ‘[v]irtually without human speech, yet hardly ever silent’; ‘[s]o many bleats, barks, buzzing and birdsong fills [sic] the soundtrack, the lack of human voices barely registers.’21 While the goatherd’s cough is persistent...

  15. GreenVolts Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI ReferenceJump to: navigation,IISrl JumpGreenSource Solutions

  16. GreenVolts | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI ReferenceJump to: navigation,IISrl JumpGreenSource

  17. HydroVolts | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEIHesperia, California:Project JumpHyEnergy

  18. HelioVolt Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG|Information OpenEIHasInformationHelioDynamics Ltd

  19. Understanding and predicting global leaf phenology using satellite observations of vegetation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caldararu, Silvia

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Leaf phenology refers to the timing of leaf life cycle events and is essential to our understanding of the earth system as it impacts the terrestrial carbon and water cycles and indirectly global climate through changes ...

  20. Cotton Leaf Grade as Influenced by Harvest Aid Regimes and Cultivar Characteristics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eder, Zachary Phillip

    2013-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Cotton, Gossypium hirsutum L., leaf grade values can significantly increase with remnants of leaf and bract materials, and can result in increased ginning costs and discounts to the producer. Cotton classed through the ...

  1. Linkages between leaf traits and productivity in two resource-limited ecosystems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chinchilla Soto, Isabel

    2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Leaf traits have long been used to classify and characterise species in natural ecosystems. In addition, leaf traits provide important information about plants’ strategies for the use of resources and can be used to improve ...

  2. LEAF Outreach Team Members Needed! Description: The Office of Sustainability seeks an intern to support

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Wendell T.

    LEAF Outreach Team Members Needed! Description: The Office of Sustainability seeks an intern to support the implementation of the LEAF Outreach Team at the University of Maryland. LEAF is an acronym Outreach Team. You'll be working with a dedicated and knowledgeable team working to effect positive change

  3. Human impacts on leaf economics in heterogeneous landscapes: the effect of harvesting non-timber forest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sack, Lawren

    Human impacts on leaf economics in heterogeneous landscapes: the effect of harvesting non tested the effect of foliage harvest by indigenous Fulani people on leaf stoichiometry and eco- nomics with world-wide trends in leaf economics. The effect of foliage harvest on foliar nutrient concentrations

  4. Major Evolutionary Trends in Hydrogen Isotope Fractionation of Vascular Plant Leaf Waxes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Erika J.

    Major Evolutionary Trends in Hydrogen Isotope Fractionation of Vascular Plant Leaf Waxes Li Gao1 States of America Abstract Hydrogen isotopic ratios of terrestrial plant leaf waxes (dD) have been widely in leaf wax dD values in different terrestrial vascular plants are still poorly understood, hampering

  5. Environmental control on eastern broadleaf forest species' leaf wax distributions and D/H ratios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Environmental control on eastern broadleaf forest species' leaf wax distributions and D/H ratios the degree to which an individual plant's leaf waxes D/H ratios are affected by these parameters remains- sitions of leaf wax n-alkanes, stem and surface waters were analyzed and compared against high

  6. Hydrogen isotopic variability in leaf waxes among terrestrial and aquatic plants around Blood Pond, Massachusetts (USA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Hydrogen isotopic variability in leaf waxes among terrestrial and aquatic plants around Blood Pond interpretation of the hydrogen isotope ratios of plant leaf waxes extracted from sediments requires a thor- ough at a single site to determine how leaf wax hydro- gen isotope (D/H) ratios differ in different plant types

  7. Environmental control on eastern broadleaf forest species' leaf wax distributions and D/H ratios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tipple, Brett

    Environmental control on eastern broadleaf forest species' leaf wax distributions and D/H ratios plant's leaf waxes D/H ratios are affected by these parameters remains in question. Understanding Coast of the US, from Florida to Maine. Hydrogen isotopic compo- sitions of leaf wax n-alkanes, stem

  8. Phenotypic Plasticity of Leaf Shape along a Temperature Gradient in Acer rubrum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royer, Dana

    Phenotypic Plasticity of Leaf Shape along a Temperature Gradient in Acer rubrum Dana L. Royer1 plasticity and genetic determination can be important for understanding how plants respond to environmental change. However, little is known about the plastic response of leaf teeth and leaf dissection

  9. Original article Energy balance storage terms and big-leaf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Original article Energy balance storage terms and big-leaf evapotranspiration in a mixed deciduous radiometer, which seems to be a good method. The often neglected photosynthetic heat storage may heat storage are a re- sult of complex changes of several climatic parameters. Due to the high degree

  10. Evaluation of two methods of predicting MLC leaf positions using EPID measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parent, Laure; Seco, Joao; Evans, Phil M.; Dance, David R.; Fielding, Andrew [Joint Department of Physics, Institute of Cancer Research and Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, Downs Road, Sutton, SM2 5PT (United Kingdom); Joint Department of Physics, Institute of Cancer Research and Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, Fulham Road, London, SW3 6JJ (United Kingdom); School of Physical and Chemical Sciences, Queensland University of Technology, Q337 Gardens Point Campus, Brisbane, Queensland 4001 (Australia)

    2006-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In intensity modulated radiation treatments (IMRT), the position of the field edges and the modulation within the beam are often achieved with a multileaf collimator (MLC). During the MLC calibration process, due to the finite accuracy of leaf position measurements, a systematic error may be introduced to leaf positions. Thereafter leaf positions of the MLC depend on the systematic error introduced on each leaf during MLC calibration and on the accuracy of the leaf position control system (random errors). This study presents and evaluates two methods to predict the systematic errors on the leaf positions introduced during the MLC calibration. The two presented methods are based on a series of electronic portal imaging device (EPID) measurements. A comparison with film measurements showed that the EPID could be used to measure leaf positions without introducing any bias. The first method, referred to as the 'central leaf method', is based on the method currently used at this center for MLC leaf calibration. It mimics the manner in which leaf calibration parameters are specified in the MLC control system and consequently is also used by other centers. The second method, a new method proposed by the authors and referred to as the ''individual leaf method,'' involves the measurement of two positions for each leaf (-5 and +15 cm) and the interpolation and extrapolation from these two points to any other given position. The central leaf method and the individual leaf method predicted leaf positions at prescribed positions of -11, 0, 5, and 10 cm within 2.3 and 1.0 mm, respectively, with a standard deviation (SD) of 0.3 and 0.2 mm, respectively. The individual leaf method provided a better prediction of the leaf positions than the central leaf method. Reproducibility tests for leaf positions of -5 and +15 cm were performed. The reproducibility was within 0.4 mm on the same day and 0.4 mm six weeks later (1 SD). Measurements at gantry angles of 0 deg., 90 deg., and 270 deg. for leaf positions of -5 and +15 cm showed no significant effect of gravity. The individual leaf method could be used in various applications to improve the accuracy of radiotherapy treatment from planning to delivery. Three cases are discussed: IMRT beam verification, MLC calibration and dose calcula0010ti.

  11. (Vg = 2 volts, Fp = 3,7 volts). Dans le circuit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    the process is incom- plete. But since it is advantageous to have thermionic convertors workingat temperatures and the latter was used simultaneously for the ionization process. In general, when the energy to be converted

  12. Host-specific strain of Stemphylium causes leaf spot disease of California spinach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koike, Steven T.; Henderson, Diana M.; Butler, Edward E.

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    spinach culti- vars developed leaf spots within 2 weeks, while the wateras onto spinach lines used in downy mildew research. A water

  13. A Tomato Detached Leaf Assay for Chemical Genomics of an HLB Model System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patne, S.; Eulgem, T.; Roose, M. L.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Leaf Assay for Chemical Genomics of an HLB Model Systemapproach known as chemical genomics with Tomato “Psyllida model of HLB. Chemical genomics involves three key stages

  14. PROSPECT-4 and 5: Advances in the leaf optical properties model separating photosynthetic pigments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gitelson, Anatoly

    Ecology, Carnegie Institution of Washington, 260 Panama Street, Stanford, CA 94305, USA d Center reserved. Keywords: Leaf optical properties Radiative transfer model PROSPECT Hyperspectral data Pigments 1

  15. AVTA: 2011 Nissan Leaf All-Electric Vehicle Testing Reports

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on an all-electric 2011 Nissan Leaf. The baseline performance testing provides a point of comparison for the other test results. Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  16. Leaf seal for transition duct in turbine system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Flanagan, James Scott; LeBegue, Jeffrey Scott; McMahan, Kevin Weston; Dillard, Daniel Jackson; Pentecost, Ronnie Ray

    2013-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

    A turbine system is disclosed. In one embodiment, the turbine system includes a transition duct. The transition duct includes an inlet, an outlet, and a passage extending between the inlet and the outlet and defining a longitudinal axis, a radial axis, and a tangential axis. The outlet of the transition duct is offset from the inlet along the longitudinal axis and the tangential axis. The transition duct further includes an interface member for interfacing with a turbine section. The turbine system further includes a leaf seal contacting the interface member to provide a seal between the interface member and the turbine section.

  17. LEAF Gender Mainstreaming Strategy & Checklist | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii9969995°,I Jump to:KumagaiLABORSTALoading...LEAF

  18. Vietnam-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin BaxinUmwelt ManagementVeraInformation LEAF[1] "Lowering

  19. ChargePoint America

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    BMW ActiveE * Fisker Karma * Ford Focus BEV and Transit Connect * GM Volt * Nissan LEAF * Smart fortwo EV * Home installations will be coordinated through OEM's * GMVolt installed...

  20. Plug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook for Public Charging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    about the new generation of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) like the Chevy Volt and Nissan Leaf. You. Gasoline- and diesel-powered ICE vehicles ended

  1. ELSEVIER Aquatic Botany 58 (1997) 99-112 Leaf dynamics and production of a Zostera marina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boudouresque, Charles F.

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the species (30°N) in Baja California, Mexico. Shoots had an average of 4.0 leaves, and 1.0 new leaf appeared the average number of leaves present pet shoot peaked during the September-December period. A maximum leaf

  2. Mycosphaerella species associated with leaf disease of Eucalyptus globulus in Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mycosphaerella species associated with leaf disease of Eucalyptus globulus in Ethiopia By Alemu, Forestry Research Sector, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; 2 Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, Tree spp. are among the most widely planted exotic trees in Ethiopia. Several damaging leaf pathogens

  3. The relationship between leaf area growth and biomass accumulation in Arabidopsis thaliana

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Weraduwage, Sarathi M.; Chen, Jin; Anozie, Fransisca C.; Morales, Alejandro; Weise, Sean E.; Sharkey, Thomas D.

    2015-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Leaf area growth determines the light interception capacity of a crop and is often used as a surrogate for plant growth in high-throughput phenotyping systems. The relationship between leaf area growth and growth in terms of mass will depend on how carbon is partitioned among new leaf area, leaf mass, root mass, reproduction, and respiration. A model of leaf area growth in terms of photosynthetic rate and carbon partitioning to different plant organs was developed and tested with Arabidopsis thaliana L. Heynh. ecotype Columbia (Col-0) and a mutant line, gigantea-2 (gi-2), which develops very large rosettes. Data obtained from growthmore »analysis and gas exchange measurements was used to train a genetic programming algorithm to parameterize and test the above model. The relationship between leaf area and plant biomass was found to be non-linear and variable depending on carbon partitioning. The model output was sensitive to the rate of photosynthesis but more sensitive to the amount of carbon partitioned to growing thicker leaves. The large rosette size of gi-2 relative to that of Col-0 resulted from relatively small differences in partitioning to new leaf area vs. leaf thickness.« less

  4. Long-term impact of a leaf miner outbreak on the performance of quaking aspen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ickert-Bond, Steffi

    ARTICLE Long-term impact of a leaf miner outbreak on the performance of quaking aspen Diane Wagner and Patricia Doak Abstract: The aspen leaf miner, Phyllocnistis populiella Cham., has caused widespread and severe damage to aspen in the boreal forests of western North America for over a decade. We suppressed P

  5. Effects of tree height on branch hydraulics, leaf structure and gas exchange in California redwoods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sillett, Stephen Charles

    with height in both species. Despite hydraulic adjustments, leaf mass per unit area (LMA) and leaf carbon sempervirens; Sequoiadendron gigan- teum; carbon isotopes; hydraulic conductivity; photosyn- thesis; stomatal becomes too great (Zimmermann 1983; Tyree & Sperry 1989). Air seeding occurs when an air bubble is pulled

  6. Two fungal symbioses collide: endophytic fungi are not welcome in leaf-cutting ant gardens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    Two fungal symbioses collide: endophytic fungi are not welcome in leaf-cutting ant gardens Sunshine, while the leaf material they provide to their garden is usually filled with endophytic fungi. The ants and their cultivar may interact with hundreds of endophytic fungal species, yet little is known about

  7. Two fungal symbioses collide: endophytic fungi are not welcome in leaf-cutting ant gardens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    Two fungal symbioses collide: endophytic fungi are not welcome in leaf-cutting ant gardens Sunshine with their fungal garden, while the leaf material they provide to their garden is usually filled with endophytic fungi. The ants and their cultivar may interact with hundreds of endophytic fungal species, yet little

  8. Phytologia (April 2012) 94(1) 91 SEASONAL VARIATION IN THE LEAF ESSENTIAL OIL OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    Phytologia (April 2012) 94(1) 91 SEASONAL VARIATION IN THE LEAF ESSENTIAL OIL OF TAXODIUM DISTICHUM Robert_Adams@baylor.edu ABSTRACT The leaf essential oil of Taxodium distichum is dominated by -pinene (63-69%) with moderate amounts of limonene, - phellandrene, myrcene and -pinene. Oil yield increased from April (3.45 mg

  9. The relationship between leaf area growth and biomass accumulation in Arabidopsis thaliana

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Weraduwage, Sarathi M. [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Dept. of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology; Chen, Jin [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Dept. of Energy Plant Research Lab., Dept. of Computer Science; Anozie, Fransisca C. [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Dept. of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology; Morales, Alejandro [Wageningen Univ., Wageningen (Netherlands). Center for Crop Systems Analysis; Weise, Sean E. [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Dept. of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology; Sharkey, Thomas D. [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Dept. of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

    2015-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Leaf area growth determines the light interception capacity of a crop and is often used as a surrogate for plant growth in high-throughput phenotyping systems. The relationship between leaf area growth and growth in terms of mass will depend on how carbon is partitioned among new leaf area, leaf mass, root mass, reproduction, and respiration. A model of leaf area growth in terms of photosynthetic rate and carbon partitioning to different plant organs was developed and tested with Arabidopsis thaliana L. Heynh. ecotype Columbia (Col-0) and a mutant line, gigantea-2 (gi-2), which develops very large rosettes. Data obtained from growth analysis and gas exchange measurements was used to train a genetic programming algorithm to parameterize and test the above model. The relationship between leaf area and plant biomass was found to be non-linear and variable depending on carbon partitioning. The model output was sensitive to the rate of photosynthesis but more sensitive to the amount of carbon partitioned to growing thicker leaves. The large rosette size of gi-2 relative to that of Col-0 resulted from relatively small differences in partitioning to new leaf area vs. leaf thickness.

  10. Leaf Area Distribution of Tomato Plants as Influenced by Polyethylene Mulch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Decoteau, Dennis R.

    of polyethylene (plastic) mulch surface color (white versus black) on leaf area distribution of tomato and appearance. In commercial tomato production, polyethylene (plastic) mulches are often used to increase yieldsLeaf Area Distribution of Tomato Plants as Influenced by Polyethylene Mulch Surface Color Dennis R

  11. Spatial variation of dosimetric leaf gap and its impact on dose delivery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kumaraswamy, Lalith K., E-mail: Lalith.Kumaraswamy@roswellpark.org [Department of Radiation Medicine, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York 14263 and Department of Cell Stress Biology, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York 14263 (United States); Schmitt, Jonathan D. [Department of Radiation Medicine, RadAmerica, LLC-MedStar Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21237 (United States); Bailey, Daniel W. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Northside Hospital, Atlanta, Georgia 30342 (United States); Xu, Zheng Zheng [Department of Radiation Medicine, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York 14263 and Department of Physiology and Biophysics, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York 14260 (United States); Podgorsak, Matthew B. [Department of Radiation Medicine, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York 14263 (United States); Department of Cell Stress Biology, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York 14263 (United States); Department of Physiology and Biophysics, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York 14260 (United States)

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: During dose calculation, the Eclipse treatment planning system (TPS) retracts the multileaf collimator (MLC) leaf positions by half of the dosimetric leaf gap (DLG) value (measured at central axis) for all leaf positions in a dynamic MLC plan to accurately model the rounded leaf ends. The aim of this study is to map the variation of DLG along the travel path of each MLC leaf pair and quantify how this variation impacts delivered dose. Methods: 6 MV DLG values were measured for all MLC leaf pairs in increments of 1.0 cm (from the line intersecting the CAX and perpendicular to MLC motion) to 13.0 cm off axis distance at dmax. The measurements were performed on two Varian linear accelerators, both employing the Millennium 120-leaf MLCs. The measurements were performed at several locations in the beam with both a Sun Nuclear MapCHECK device and a PTW pinpoint ion chamber. Results: The measured DLGs for the middle 40 MLC leaf pairs (each 0.5 cm width) at positions along a line through the CAX and perpendicular to MLC leaf travel direction were very similar, varying maximally by only 0.2 mm. The outer 20 MLC leaf pairs (each 1.0 cm width) have much lower DLG values, about 0.3–0.5 mm lower than the central MLC leaf pair, at their respective central line position. Overall, the mean and the maximum variation between the 0.5 cm width leaves and the 1.0 cm width leaf pairs are 0.32 and 0.65 mm, respectively. Conclusions: The spatial variation in DLG is caused by the variation of intraleaf transmission through MLC leaves. Fluences centered on the CAX would not be affected since DLG does not vary; but any fluences residing significantly off axis with narrow sweeping leaves may exhibit significant dose differences. This is due to the fact that there are differences in DLG between the true DLG exhibited by the 1.0 cm width outer leaves and the constant DLG value utilized by the TPS for dose calculation. Since there are large differences in DLG between the 0.5 cm width leaf pairs and 1.0 cm width leaf pairs, there is a need to correct the TPS plans, especially those with high modulation (narrow dynamic MLC gap), with 2D variation of DLG.

  12. Abstract Leaf-cutting ants exhibit an aggressive alarm response. Yet in most alarm reactions, not all of the ants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that harvest dicotyledonous plants. Leaf-cutting ants form colonies of up to 7 million workers (Jonkman 1980

  13. The influence of clover and fertilizer on yield and leaf percentage of four warm-season grasses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conrad, Billy Ervin

    1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of calculation is used. gtl (ly)fdpl f tdg tg(~A'tt cut in the early leaf, late leaf, and flowering stages to sheep. The per- centage of total digestible nutrients was found to be similar in the two leaf stages but much lower in the flowering stage...

  14. Ecological differentiation in xylem cavitation resistance is associated with stem and leaf structural traitspce_2231 137..148

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sack, Lawren

    Ecological differentiation in xylem cavitation resistance is associated with stem and leaf ABSTRACT Cavitation resistance is a critical determinant of drought tolerance in tropical tree species how vulnerability to cavitation (P50) related to dry season leaf water poten- tials and stem and leaf

  15. AVTA: 2013 Nissan Leaf All-Electric Vehicle Testing Reports

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe early results of testing done on an all-electric 2013 Nissan Leaf. Baseline data, which provides a point of comparison for the other test results, was collected at two different research laboratories. Baseline and other data collected at Idaho National Laboratory is in the attached documents. Baseline and battery testing data collected at Argonne National Laboratory is available in summary and CSV form on the Argonne Downloadable Dynometer Database site (http://www.anl.gov/energy-systems/group/downloadable-dynamometer-databas...). Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing.

  16. Leaf dynamics of little bluestem and brownseed paspalum in response to herbivory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Joel Raymond

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and nongrazed periods in a short- duration grazing system stocked at four levels. LITERATURE REVIEW Otqt f Id' ir i L Leaf growth in grasses originates at the apical meri stem or growing point. In the vegetative stage of plant growth the apical meristem...- dividual leaves may be determined by their position on the ti11er. Leaf primordia and axillary bud structures are produced in a continual se- quence at the apical meri stem. Initiation of leaf primordi a is commonly thought to occur in response...

  17. Backyard Leaf Composting Franklin Flower, Extension Specialist Emeritus in Environmental Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rainforth, Emma C.

    Backyard Leaf Composting Franklin Flower, Extension Specialist Emeritus in Environmental Science. Thisprocessinvolves primarily the microbial decomposition of organic matter. Compost - the end result - is a dark. The Composting Process Compostingspeedsnaturaldecompositionundersemi- controlled conditions. Raw organic

  18. Williams et al. Chapter 6 : CO2 capture from the leaf to the landscape

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    area (m2 ), P is atmospheric pressure (Pa), R the gas constant, TK absolute temperature and d stomatal conductance from that of an individual stoma to the whole leaf using theoretical considerations

  19. Federal Test Procedure Emissions Test Results from Ethanol Variable-Fuel Vehicle Chevrolet Luminas

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist. CategoryFebruaryFebruary 17, 2015 -Products &FederalTest

  20. A First Look at the Impact of Electric Vehicle Charging on the Electric Grid in the EV Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stephen L. Schey; John G. Smart; Don R. Scoffield

    2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ECOtality was awarded a grant from the U.S. Department of Energy to lead a large-scale electric vehicle charging infrastructure demonstration, called The EV Project. ECOtality has partnered with Nissan North America, General Motors, the Idaho National Laboratory, and others to deploy and collect data from over 5,000 Nissan LEAFsTM and Chevrolet Volts and over 10,000 charging systems in 18 regions across the United States. This paper summarizes usage of residential charging units in The EV Project, based on data collected through the end of 2011. This information is provided to help analysts assess the impact on the electric grid of early adopter charging of grid-connected electric drive vehicles. A method of data aggregation was developed to summarize charging unit usage by the means of two metrics: charging availability and charging demand. Charging availability is plotted to show the percentage of charging units connected to a vehicle over time. Charging demand is plotted to show charging demand on the electric gird over time. Charging availability for residential charging units is similar in each EV Project region. It is low during the day, steadily increases in evening, and remains high at night. Charging demand, however, varies by region. Two EV Project regions were examined to identify regional differences. In Nashville, where EV Project participants do not have time-of-use electricity rates, demand increases each evening as charging availability increases, starting at about 16:00. Demand peaks in the 20:00 hour on weekdays. In San Francisco, where the majority of EV Project participants have the option of choosing a time-of-use rate plan from their electric utility, demand spikes at 00:00. This coincides with the beginning of the off-peak electricity rate period. Demand peaks at 01:00.

  1. Optimum fertilization rate for intermediate leaf cucumber grown for once-over mechanical harvest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konderla, Timothy Michael

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OPTIMUM FERTILIZATION RATE FOR INTERMEDIATE LEAF CUCUMBER GROWN FOR ONCE-OVER MECHANICAL HARVEST A Thesis by TIMOTHY MICHAEL KONDERLA Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A& M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1992 Major Subject: Horticulture OPTIMUM FERTILIZATION RATE FOR INTERMEDIATE LEAF CUCUMBER GROWN FOR ONCE-OVER MECHANICAL HARVEST A Thesis by TIMOTHY MICHAEL KONDERLA Approved as to style...

  2. Distribution of soil and leaf water potentials of mature grapefruit trees under three soil moisture regimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prathapar, Sanmugam Ahembaranathan

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DISTRIBUTION OF SOIL AND LEAF WATER POTENTIALS OF MATURE GRAPEFRUIT TREES UNDER THREE SOIL MOISTURE REGIMES A Thesis by SANMUGAM AHEMBARANATHAN PRATHAPAP, Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1982 Major Subject; Agricultural Engineering DISTRIBUTION OF SOIL AND LEAF WATER POTENTIALS OF MATURE GRAPEFRUIT TREES UNDER THREE SOIL MOISTURE REGIMES A Thesis by SANMUGAM AHEMBARANATHAN PRATHAPAR...

  3. The interaction of chemicals and red light on growth of etiolated bean leaf disks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, John Lee

    1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with the basal solution. From the second flask 5 mls. (0. 15 microgram of ade- nine per ml. ) were removed and placed i. n Petri dishes containing two Whatman No. 1 filter papers. The dishes were then removed to the dark- room where the bean plants ware... were then separated and opened. The leaf disk was removed from the basal area of the leaf with a sharpened, sterilised cork borer, 5 mm in diameter. The disk was placed in the Petri dish with the lower epidermis upward and with the main lateral vein...

  4. Characterization of leaf resistance to water loss in two clones of eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides Bartr.) with respect to light intensity, leaf water potential, and drought

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dougherty, Phillip Merle

    1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and S7C1) (aj ove- cycles 1 and 2 where PAR is & 115nE m s and (b) for cycles 3 and 4 when PAR was & 115 nE m s 39 40 FIGURE PAGE Relationship of average tree leaf resistance with time since sunup at high SW (& 30%) for clones S708 and S7015 (a...) in cycles 3 and 4 and (b) cyles 1 and 2, when PAR was & 115 nE m 2 s 1 . . 42 Relationship of average tree leaf resistance with time since sunup at low SW (& 20%) for clone S7C8 and S7015 (a) in cycles 3 and 4 and (b) cycles 1 and 2 when PAR was & 115 n...

  5. Diurnal and seasonal variation in the carbon isotope composition of leaf dark-respired CO2 in velvet mesquite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, David G.

    Diurnal and seasonal variation in the carbon isotope composition of leaf dark-respired CO2 82071, USA ABSTRACT We evaluated diurnal and seasonal patterns of carbon isotope composition of leaf- ing that progressive 13 C enrichment of the CO2 evolved by darkened leaves during the daytime mainly

  6. Leaf Pick Up Guide Lines This program is for those who have no other means by which to dispose of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

    Leaf Pick Up Guide Lines This program is for those who have no other means by which to dispose of the leaves that will be gathered on the day of the Fall Clean Up program. This is for leaves only and restrictions apply. Please review the following list to see if leaf pick up is appropriate for you. No less

  7. Turning over a new `leaf': multiple functional significances of leaves versus phyllodes in Hawaiian Acacia koapce_2207 2084..2100

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sack, Lawren

    gas exchange, structure and composition, hydraulic con- ductance, and responses to varying light including stomatal pore area per leaf area, leaf area-based gas exchange rates and cuticular conductance & Zeiger 2006). We assessed the functional conse- quences of heteroblasty in Acacia koa (koa; Fig. 1

  8. Leaf epicuticular wax ultrastructure and trichome presence on Russian wheat aphid (Diuraphis noxia) resistant and susceptible leaves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leaf epicuticular wax ultrastructure and trichome presence on Russian wheat aphid (Diuraphis noxia wax ultrastructure and leaf trichomes were examined on two Russian wheat aphid-susceptible wheat. Comparison of the scanning electron micrographs showed that the epicuticular wax structure was similar

  9. Evidence for water use efficiency as an important factor in determining the dD values of tree leaf waxes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    leaf waxes Juzhi Hou, William J. D'Andrea, Dana MacDonald, Yongsong Huang * Department of Geological waxes can provide useful information about past climate change. However, factors con- trolling dD values of higher plant leaf waxes (dDwax) are poorly understood. Here we show that dDwax values are negatively

  10. Optimal photosynthetic use of light by tropical tree crowns achieved by adjustment of individual leaf angles and nitrogen content

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lechowicz, Martin J.

    Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Roosevelt Avenue, Tupper Building ­ 401, Balboa, Anco´n, Panama´, Republic of Panama´ Received: 8 September 2008 Returned for revision: 8 October 2008 Accepted: 25 November per area, tropical trees, radiation use efficiency, scaling, leaf angle, canopy architecture, big leaf

  11. Phytologia (November 2013) 95(4)288 Leaf essential oils of Juniperus in central and southern Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    Phytologia (November 2013) 95(4)288 Leaf essential oils of Juniperus in central and southern Iran Tehran 14115-154, Iran. ABSTRACT Leaf essential oils from Juniperus from southern Iran were analyzed oils from southern Iran were mainly in two groups: high cedrol (cf. J. excelsa, J. polycarpos and J

  12. 752 MRS BULLETIN VOLUME 33 AUGUST 2008 www.mrs.org/bulletin Recent experiments have revealed that the wax on the lotus leaf surface, by itself,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    texture" (that is, a multivalued surface topography) on the surface of the lotus leaf. We exploit revealed that the wax on the lotus leaf surface, by itself, is weakly hydrophilic, even though the lotus leaf is known to be superhydrophobic. Conventional understanding suggests that a surface of such waxy

  13. Effects of ontogeny and soil nutrient supply on production, allocation, and leaf area efficiency in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Timothy

    and soil nutrient supply on aboveground biomass accumulation, allocation, and stemwood growth efficiencyEffects of ontogeny and soil nutrient supply on production, allocation, and leaf area efficiency control). Aboveground biomass growth responses to the combined fertilizer and weed control treatments (FW

  14. Reactive uptake of ozone at simulated leaf surfaces: implications for "non-stomatal" ozone flux 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cape, J Neil; Hamilton, Richard P; Heal, Mathew R

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The reaction of ozone (O3) with ?-pinene has been studied as a function of temperature and relative humidity and in the presence of wax surfaces that simulate a leaf surface. The objective was to determine whether the presence of a wax surface...

  15. Ontogenetic changes in leaf development and photosyn-thesis of Prunus serotina seedlings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    serotina Ehrh.) is an important commercial hardwood species in the northeastern United States. The species physiological pro- cesses in trees, especially those with indeterminate growth. Net photosynthetic rate is a process that influences survival or death of young seedlings. Relationships between plant age, leaf age

  16. Leaf-litter breakdown in pasture and deciduous woodland streams: a comparison among three European

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tiegs, Scott

    , Wodonga, Victoria, 3689, Australia. 2 Present address: Department of Biological Sciences, OaklandLeaf-litter breakdown in pasture and deciduous woodland streams: a comparison among three European regions SALLY HLADYZ*, 1 , SCOTT D. TIEGS, , 2 , MARK O. GESSNER, , PAUL S. GILLER*, GETA RI^S¸ NOVEANU

  17. Driving and Charging Behavior of Nissan Leafs in The EV Project with Access to Workplace Charging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Don Scoffield; Shawn Salisbury; John Smart

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper documents findings from analysis of data collected from Nissan Leafs enrolled in The EV Project who parked and charged at workplaces with EV charging equipment. It will be published as a white paper on INL's website, accessible by the general public.

  18. Workplace Charging Behavior of Nissan Leafs in The EV Project at Six Work Sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David Rohrbaugh; John Smart

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper documents findings from analysis of data collected from Nissan Leafs enrolled in The EV Project who parked and charged at six workplaces with EV charging equipment. It will be published as a white paper on INL's website, accessible by the general public.

  19. A direct and rapid leaf water extraction method for isotopic analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yakir, Dan

    Department of Environmental Sciences and Energy Research, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel for isotopic analysis via pyrolysis gas chromatography isotope ratio mass spectrometry (PYR/GC/IRMS). The new-scale studies that require high-throughput leaf water isotopic analysis. Copyright # 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd

  20. Noise Localization via Acoustic Emission Monitoring on a Rolling Leaf Bascule Bridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - ing and closing of a large, double-leaf rolling-lift bascule bridge. The data were analyzed using paint was not removed. Our testing method was consistent with that described in the project proposal eddy- current displacement sensors and two Schaevitz Accustar II electronic clinometers were affixed

  1. The evolution and functional signi cance of leaf shape in the angiosperms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyce, C. Kevin

    . These include: thermoregulation of leaves especially in arid and hot environments, hydraulic constraints that generate the diversity in extant systems, and consider the evidence for each the above hypotheses we provide an overview of the evolutionary history of leaf shape and then examine genetic

  2. Modelling CO2 diffusion and assimilation in a leaf with axisymmetric finite volumes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herbin, Raphaèle

    Modelling CO2 diffusion and assimilation in a leaf with axisymmetric finite volumes Emily Gallouët. This paper deals with the numerical simulation of the diffusion and assimilation by photosynthesis of CO2 medium, from experimental measurements of the pointwise value of internal CO2 concentration, giving some

  3. by raising CO2 levels around the leaf3 manner conceptually similar to adding a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, James J.

    by raising CO2 levels around the leaf3 in a manner conceptually similar to adding a CCM photo- synthetic CO2 fixation. CCMs have evolved independently in cyanobacteria, microalgae and some a series of membrane- based pumps for CO2 and bicarbonate (HCO3 - ), and special microcompartments called

  4. Leaf scorch is commonly seen on a variety of trees in Indiana during

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of unfavorable weather conditions such as drought, high temperature, and hot, dry winds. Newly planted trees evaporates from the leaf surface because of sun and wind during hot, dry weather. If the water supply, especially on the sunward and windward sides of the tree. Where hot drying winds occur for several days

  5. Phytologia (April 2010) 92(1) 31 GEOGRAPHIC VARIATION IN THE LEAF ESSENTIAL OILS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    CEDRUS WEBB. & BERTHOL. FROM MADEIRA AND THE CANARY ISLANDS. Robert P. Adams Biology Department, Baylor and Evolution Research Group (IPNA-CSIC), 38206 La Laguna, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain Susana S. Fontinha, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain ABSTRACT The volatile leaf oils of J. cedrus from Madeira, Gran Canaria, La

  6. LEAF ANATOMY OF ORCUTTIEAE (POACEAE: CHLORIDOIDEAE): MORE EVIDENCE OF C4 PHOTOSYNTHESIS WITHOUT KRANZ ANATOMY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pockman, William T.

    LEAF ANATOMY OF ORCUTTIEAE (POACEAE: CHLORIDOIDEAE): MORE EVIDENCE OF C4 PHOTOSYNTHESIS WITHOUT, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131 ABSTRACT C4 photosynthesis without Kranz anatomy (single-cell C4 photosynthesis) occurs in only 0.003% of known species of C4 flowering plants. To add insight

  7. Aortic Valve Turning Over a New Leaf(let) in Endothelial Phenotypic Heterogeneity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simmons, Craig A.

    Aortic Valve Turning Over a New Leaf(let) in Endothelial Phenotypic Heterogeneity Peter F. Davies, Anthony G. Passerini, Craig A. Simmons A ortic valve diseases are debilitating cardiovascular disorders the longevity of replacement valves and to improve tissue engineered substitutes,1 the underlying mech- anisms

  8. Elm leaf beetle performance on ozone-fumigated elm. Forest Service research paper (Final)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barger, J.H.; Hall, R.W.; Townsend, A.M.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Leaves (1986) from elm hybrids ('Pioneer', 'Homestead', '970') previously fumigated in open-top chambers with ozone or with charcoal-filtered air (CFA) were evaluated for water and nitrogen content or were fed to adult elm leaf beetles (ELB), Xanthogaleruca = (Pyrrhalta) luteola (Muller), to determine host suitability for beetle fecundity and survivorship. ELB females fed ozone-fumigated leaves laid significantly fewer eggs than females fed CFA-fumigated leaves. Leaf nitrogen or water content was unaffected. Hybrid '970' (1988) was fumigated with CFA or with ozone concentrations to determine effects on ELB fecundity, leaf consumption, and survivorship. Significantly fewer eggs were laid at the higher concentration of ozone. Because higher levels of ozone are found in urban areas and because municipalities often replace American elms, Ulmus americana L., with Dutch elm disease-resistant elm hybrids that are susceptible to ELB defoliation, it is important to explore the relationships between ozone sensitivity of elm and susceptibility to ELB herbivory before recommending replacement use of these elms to municipal arborists. The study was conducted to determine whether ozone pollution influences host quality of elm for ELB and how ELB fecundity, leaf consumption rate, and survivorship are affected.

  9. What kind of charging infrastructure do Nissan Leaf drivers in The EV Project use?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shawn Salisbury

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document will describe the charging behavior of Nissan Leaf battery electric vehicles that were enrolled in the EV Project. It will include aggregated data from several thousand vehicles regarding time-of-day, power level, and location of charging and driving events. This document is a white paper that will be published on the INL AVTA website.

  10. Effects of water deficit on leaf growth and initiation in fast-growing tree species

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    to be particularly sensi- tive to water shortage (Pereira et al., 1986). These researchers have shown that biomass. In the longer term, a decline in biomass production under water shortage will result from reduced assimilation attributed the decreased foliage area observed with water shortage to de- creased leaf number. Our

  11. Mycosphaerellaceae and Teratosphaeriaceae associated with Eucalyptus leaf diseases and stem cankers in Uruguay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blanchette, Robert A.

    in Uruguay By C. A. Pe´rez1,2,5 , M. J. Wingfield3 , N. A. Altier4 and R. A. Blanchette1 1 Department´, Uruguay; 3 Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute (FABI), University of Pretoria, Pretoria, Uruguay; 5 E-mail: caperez@fagro.edu.uy (for correspondence) Summary Mycosphaerella leaf diseases

  12. Using Leaf Compost Roy L. Flannery, Specialist in Soils, Emeritus and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rainforth, Emma C.

    Using Leaf Compost Roy L. Flannery, Specialist in Soils, Emeritus and Franklin Flower, Specialist in Environmental Science, Emeritus Composting involves primarily the microbial decomposition of organic matter. Compost - the end product - is a dark, friable, partially decomposed substance similar to natural organic

  13. How to safely compost Cameraria ohridella-infested horse chestnut leaf litter on private compost heaps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    How to safely compost Cameraria ohridella-infested horse chestnut leaf litter on private compost the deposition of pest-infested litter on private compost heaps was dissuaded because of the risk of leafminer emergence in the following spring. Thus, the aim of this study was to test safe ways to compost pest

  14. Optimizing spectral indices and chemometric analysis of leaf chemical properties using radiative transfer modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gitelson, Anatoly

    Optimizing spectral indices and chemometric analysis of leaf chemical properties using radiative for Sciences, 260 Panama Street, Stanford, CA 94305, USA d Center for Advanced Land Management Information squares regression We used synthetic reflectance spectra generated by a radiative transfer model, PROSPECT

  15. Optimizing spectral indices and chemometric analysis of leaf chemical properties using radiative transfer modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gitelson, Anatoly

    Optimizing spectral indices and chemometric analysis of leaf chemical properties using radiative for Sciences, 260 Panama Street, Stanford, CA 94305, USA d Center for Advanced Land Management Information regression We used synthetic reflectance spectra generated by a radiative transfer model, PROSPECT-5

  16. Effect of snails (Elimia clavaeformis) on phosphorus cycling in stream periphyton and leaf detritus communities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jay, E.A. [North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill, NC (United States)

    1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this study, the author examined the effect of grazing on phosphorus cycling in stream periphyton and leaf detritus communities using the snail Elimia clavaeformis. Phosphorus cycling fluxes and turnover rates were measured in a laboratory and in a natural stream, respectively, using radioactive tracer techniques.

  17. The Role of Leaf Epicuticular Wax an Improved Adaptation to Moisture Deficit Environments in Wheat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohammed, Suheb

    2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

    regions for cooler canopies, heat susceptible index, and grain yield components in winter wheat. This project aims to define the role that leaf epicuticular wax (EW) plays as a drought adaptive trait in terms of yield stability. A spring wheat Len...

  18. Leaf isoprene emission rate as a function of atmospheric CO2 concentration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Robert B.

    Leaf isoprene emission rate as a function of atmospheric CO2 concentration M I C H A E L J . W I L not show an increase in isoprene emission at the lowest CO2 concentration. However, isoprene emission rates exhibited a 30­40% reduction in isoprene emission rate when grown at 800 ppmv CO2, compared with 400 ppmv CO

  19. 2011 Chevrolte Volt - VIN 0815 - Advanced Vehicle Testing - Baseline...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the ESS or other conversion materials. (11) The vehicle may utilize a single-speed, multi-speed automatic, manual transmission, or a Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT), and...

  20. 2013 Chevrolte Volt - VIN 3929 - Advanced Vehicle Testing - Baseline...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the ESS or other conversion materials. (11) The vehicle may utilize a single-speed, multi-speed automatic, manual transmission, or a Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT), and...

  1. Some operating features of a 100,000-volt transmission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Raymond

    1914-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

    . Climatic conditions. c. Low strength of conductors. E. Effects of high altitudes - - - Page 15. a. Presence of static. b. Lower dielectric strength. c. Lowering of critical voltage. F. Effect of pitch blende deposits - - Page 21. a. Ionization... conditions very peculiar to this line due primarily to the high altitude. 1. The presence of a large static charge on the line even when not energized. 2. The lowering of the dielectric strength of the air. 3. The lowering of the critical voltage...

  2. Chevy Volt Electrifies DOE Headquarters | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011AT&T, Inc.'sEnergyTexas1. Feedstock & ProductionChapter 6Cheron Wicker

  3. SeaVolt Technologies formerly Sea Power Associates | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd JumpInformationScotts Corners, New York: EnergySea SolarInformation

  4. Chevy Volt Electrifies DOE Headquarters | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. Department ofJuneWasteDepartmentUtilities in many Find StationsofDennis A.

  5. Sandia Energy - HelioVolt Modules Installed at RTC Sites

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Scienceand RequirementsCoatingsUltra-High-Voltage SiliconEnergyFailureGlobalHeat

  6. CyVolt Energy Systems | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia:PowerCER.pngRoofs and HeatOpenInformationInformation Dees,

  7. Where do Nissan Leaf drivers in The EV Project charge when they have the opportunity to charge at work?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John Smart; Don Scoffield

    2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper invesigates where Nissan Leaf drivers in the EV Project charge when they have the opportunity to charge at work. Do they charge at work, home, or some other location?

  8. Satellite-derived estimates of forest leaf area index in southwest Western Australia are not tightly coupled to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montana, University of

    Satellite-derived estimates of forest leaf area index in southwest Western Australia Engineering, University of Western Australia, Nedlands, WA 6009, Australia, Department of Forest Ecosystems and Environment, University of Western Australia, Nedlands, WA 6009, Australia, §Numerical Terradynamics

  9. Deviation Between ?13C and Leaf Intercellular Co2 in Salix Interior Cuttings Developing Under Low Light

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Le Roux-Swarthout, Debbie J.; Terwilliger, Valery J.; Martin, Craig E.

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Leaf ?13C values of perennial species are sometimes less negative than model?predicted ?13C values derived from instantaneous measures of pi/pa. It has been hypothesized that the less negative ?13C values could be caused ...

  10. The photosynthesis - leaf nitrogen relationship at ambient and elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide: a meta-analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andrew G. Peterson; J. Timothy Ball; Yiqi Luo; Christopher B. Field; Peter B. Reich; Peter S. Curtis; Kevin L. Griffin; Carla S Gunderson; Richard J. Norby; David T. Tissue; Manfred Forstreuter; Ana Rey; Christoph S. Vogel; CMEAL collaboration

    1998-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Estimation of leaf photosynthetic rate (A) from leaf nitrogen content (N) is both conceptually and numerically important in models of plant, ecosystem and biosphere responses to global change. The relationship between A and N has been studied extensively at ambient CO{sub 2} but much less at elevated CO{sub 2}. This study was designed to (1) assess whether the A-N relationship was more similar for species within than between community and vegetation types, and (2) examine how growth at elevated CO{sub 2} affects the A-N relationship. Data were obtained for 39 C{sub 3} species grown at ambient CO{sub 2} and 10 C{sub 3} species grown at ambient and elevated CO{sub 2}. A regression model was applied to each species as well as to species pooled within different community and vegetation types. Cluster analysis of the regression coefficients indicated that species measured at ambient CO{sub 2} did not separate into distinct groups matching community or vegetation type. Instead, most community and vegetation types shared the same general parameter space for regression coefficients. Growth at elevated CO{sub 2} increased photosynthetic nitrogen use efficiency for pines and deciduous trees. When species were pooled by vegetation type, the A-N relationship for deciduous trees expressed on a leaf-mass bask was not altered by elevated CO{sub 2}, while the intercept increased for pines. When regression coefficients were averaged to give mean responses for different vegetation types, elevated CO{sub 2} increased the intercept and the slope for deciduous trees but increased only the intercept for pines. There were no statistical differences between the pines and deciduous trees for the effect of CO{sub 2}. Generalizations about the effect of elevated CO{sub 2} on the A-N relationship, and differences between pines and deciduous trees will be enhanced as more data become available.

  11. Cotton Leaf Grade as Influenced by Harvest Aid Regimes and Cultivar Characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eder, Zachary Phillip

    2013-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

    of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Chair of Committee, G.M. Morgan Committee Members, J.T. Cothren J.A. Thomasson C.W. Smith Head of Department, D.D. Baltensperger August 2013 Major Subject: Agronomy Copyright 2013... in this trial (P = 0.05). zDeltapine (DP), Fibermax (FM), Phytogen (PHY), Stoneville (ST) .......................................... 48 Figure 6. Leaf grade as impacted by the density of trichomes on different cultivarsz grown in San Patricio County in 2012...

  12. Leaf water potential in Pinus taeda L. as related to fluctuating soil water and atmospheric conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellison, Stanley Lee

    1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    growing on Bienville loamy fine sand near Rusk, Texas. The average available water storage capacity was 9. 50 inches in the 8-foot profile. Siruiltaneous measurements of leaf water potential and environmental variables were made weekly at two hour... pressure 2 deficit, temperature, and wind (R 0. 78). A regression equation relating total daily water stress to only vapor pressure deficit and soil water content in the 0- to 4-foot soil layer was also signifi- 2= cant (R = 0. 76). The total daily...

  13. Estimation of the leaf area index of rice by spectral reflectance analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Robert David

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of these varieties. Spectral radiance data in the visible, near-infrared (near- IR), and middle-infrared (middle-IR) wavelengths were collected from seven varieties of rice with a portable, eight-band radiometer. Mea- surements of leaf area index, dry biomass... and increases in the near-IR wavebands as the proportion of soil exposed to the sensor decreases. Kriebel ( l978) reported that changes in the solar zenith angle by one degree could change the radiance from a scene an average of +1. 5%, depending...

  14. Molecular and cytological analysis of a novel leaf rust resistance gene in wheat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franks, Cleve Douglas

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , but that was likely due to genetic background as the recurrent parent of X93D246-R (TAN-300) was resistant to that race while the recurrent parent of TA4186 (TAN-107) was susceptible. Though they were not included in the same inoculation event, X93D246-R and TA... to providing a useful measure of yearly trends in the disease's distribution. Region-wide annual estimates of the losses due to leaf rust in North America usually range between 1 and 15% when susceptible cultivars are widely grown (Roelfs, 1978; Samborski...

  15. Sample Employee Survey for Workplace Charging Planning

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    vehicle (ex. Chevy Volt, Ford C-MAX, etc.) b. Electric vehicle (ex. Nissan Leaf, BMW Active-E, etc.) 5. Do you or would you have the ability to install a charging station...

  16. The fungus gardens of leaf-cutter ants undergo a distinct physiological transition during biomass degradation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, Eric L.; Aylward, Frank O.; Kim, Young-Mo; Webb-Robertson, Bobbie-Jo M.; Nicora, Carrie D.; Hu, Zeping; Metz, Thomas O.; Lipton, Mary S.; Smith, Richard D.; Currie, Cameron R.; Burnum-Johnson, Kristin E.

    2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Leaf-cutter ants are dominant herbivores in ecosystems throughout the Neotropics. Rather than directly consuming the fresh foliar biomass they harvest, these ants use it to cultivate specialized fungus gardens. Although recent investigations have shed light on how plant biomass is degraded in fungus gardens, the cycling of nutrients that takes place in these specialized microbial ecosystems is still not well understood. Here, using metametabolomics and metaproteomics techniques, we examine the dynamics of nutrient turnover and biosynthesis in these gardens. Our results reveal that numerous free amino acids and sugars are depleted throughout the process of biomass degradation, indicating that easily accessible nutrients from plant material are readily consumed by microbes in these ecosystems. Accumulation of cellobiose and lignin derivatives near the end of the degradation process is consistent with previous findings of cellulases and laccases produced by Leucoagaricus gongylophorus, the fungus cultivated by leaf-cutter ants. Our results also suggest that ureides may be an important source of nitrogen in fungus gardens, especially during nitrogen-limiting conditions. No free arginine was detected in our metametabolomics experiments despite evidence that the host ants cannot produce this amino acid, suggesting that biosynthesis of this metabolite may be tightly regulated in the fungus garden. These results provide new insights into the dynamics of nutrient cycling that underlie this important ant-fungus symbiosis.

  17. Impacts of elevated CO2 and/or O3 on leaf ultrastructure of aspen (Populus tremuloides) and birch (Betula papyrifera) in the Aspen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Impacts of elevated CO2 and/or O3 on leaf ultrastructure of aspen (Populus tremuloides) and birch (Betula papyrifera) in the Aspen FACE experiment E. Oksanena, *, J. Soberb , D.F. Karnoskyb a University ozone and CO2 concentrations had varying effects on leaf ultrastructure of aspen and birch. Abstract

  18. Soybean leaf hydraulic conductance does not acclimate to growth at elevated [CO2] or temperature in growth chambers or in the field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sack, Lawren

    Soybean leaf hydraulic conductance does not acclimate to growth at elevated [CO2] or temperature Leaf hydraulic properties are strongly linked with transpiration and photosynthesis in many species. However, it is not known if gas exchange and hydraulics will have co-ordinated responsesto climate change

  19. Characterization of a gene from breeding line WX93D180 conferring resistance to leaf rust (Puccinia triticina) in wheat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hung, Hsiao-Yi

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Wheat (Triticum aestivum L. em. Thell, 2n=6x=42, AABBDD) is subjected to significant yield losses by the endemic leaf rust pathogen, Puccinia triticina (Roberge ex Desmaz. F. sp. tritici). Breeding for resistance to this disease is a more...

  20. Characterization of a gene from breeding line WX93D180 conferring resistance to leaf rust (Puccinia triticina) in wheat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hung, Hsiao-Yi

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Wheat (Triticum aestivum L. em. Thell, 2n=6x=42, AABBDD) is subjected to significant yield losses by the endemic leaf rust pathogen, Puccinia triticina (Roberge ex Desmaz. F. sp. tritici). Breeding for resistance to this disease is a more...

  1. In tobacco leaf epidermal cells, the integrity of protein export from the endoplasmic reticulum and of ER export sites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    In tobacco leaf epidermal cells, the integrity of protein export from the endoplasmic reticulum and of ER export sites depends on active COPI machinery Giovanni Stefano1, , Luciana Renna1, , Laurent between COPI and COPII for the maintenance of ER protein export, the mechanisms by which COPI influences

  2. A model for materials scientists: Water runs off the surface of a lotus leaf without a trace. Researchers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on the water, not only dry but, most importantly, clean. As the water runs off, it rinses away the dirt, whichA model for materials scientists: Water runs off the surface of a lotus leaf without a trace. Researchers in Mainz use this concept to develop coatings that repel both water and oil. #12;TEXT ROLAND

  3. Defining the Molecular and Physiological Role of Leaf Cuticular Waxes in Reproductive Stage Heat Tolerane in Wheat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mondal, Suchismita

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    high temperature stress. At maturity the percent reduction in yield components in each cultivar was calculated. The wheat cultivars 'Kauz' and 'Halberd' had significantly high leaf cuticular wax content of 2.91mg/dm^-2 and 2.36mg/dm^-2 respectively...

  4. The influence of species and growing conditions on the 18-O enrichment of leaf water and its impact on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldsmith, Greg

    The influence of species and growing conditions on the 18-O enrichment of leaf water and its impact. Dawson1 1 Center for Stable Isotope Biogeochemistry, Department of Integrative Biology, University, oxygen, relative humidity, stable isotopes, transpiration, water. Summary · The stable oxygen isotope

  5. Global estimation of evapotranspiration using a leaf area index-based surface energy and water balance model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Timothy

    using Advanced Very High Res- olution Radiometer Lai data, Climate Research Unit climate dataGlobal estimation of evapotranspiration using a leaf area index-based surface energy and water-relative-humidity-based two-source (ARTS) E model that simulates the surface energy balance, soil water balance

  6. Leucoagaricus gongylophorus Produces Diverse Enzymes for the Degradation of Recalcitrant Plant Polymers in Leaf-Cutter Ant Fungus Gardens

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aylward, Frank O.; Burnum-Johnson, Kristin E.; Tringe, Susannah G.; Teiling, Clotilde; Tremmel, Daniel; Moeller, Joseph; Scott, Jarrod J.; Barry, Kerrie W.; Piehowski, Paul D.; Nicora, Carrie D.; Malfatti, Stephanie; Monroe, Matthew E.; Purvine, Samuel O.; Goodwin, Lynne A.; Smith, Richard D.; Weinstock, George; Gerardo, Nicole; Suen, Garret; Lipton, Mary S.; Currie, Cameron R.

    2013-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Plants represent a large reservoir of organic carbon comprised largely of recalcitrant polymers that most metazoans are unable to deconstruct. Many herbivores gain access to nutrients in this material indirectly by associating with microbial symbionts, and leaf-cutter ants are a paradigmatic example. These ants use fresh foliar biomass as manure to cultivate fungus gardens composed primarily of Leucoagaricus gongylophorus, a basidiomycetous symbiont that produces specialized hyphal swellings that serve as a food source for the host ant colony. Although leaf-cutter ants are conspicuous herbivores that contribute substantially to carbon turnover in Neotropical ecosystems, the process through which plant biomass is degraded in their fungus gardens is not well understood. Here we present the first draft genome of L. gongylophorus, and using genomic, metaproteomic, and phylogenetic tools we investigate its role in lignocellulose degradation in the fungus gardens of both Atta cephalotes and Acromyrmex echinatior leaf-cutter ants. We show that L. gongylophorus produces a diversity of lignocellulases in fungus gardens, and is likely the primary driver of plant biomass degradation in these ecosystems. We also show that this fungus produces distinct sets of lignocellulases throughout the different stages of biomass degradation, including numerous cellulases and laccases that may be playing an important but previously uncharacterized role in lignocellulose degradation. Our study provides a comprehensive analysis of plant biomass degradation in leaf-cutter ant fungus gardens and provides insight into the molecular dynamics underlying the symbiosis between these dominant herbivores and their obligate fungal cultivar.

  7. Coordination of stem and leaf hydraulic conductance in southern California shrubs: a test of the hydraulic segmentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sack, Lawren

    Coordination of stem and leaf hydraulic conductance in southern California shrubs: a test of the hydraulic segmentation hypothesis Alexandria L. Pivovaroff1 , Lawren Sack2 and Louis S. Santiago1 1 2014 New Phytologist (2014) 203: 842­850 doi: 10.1111/nph.12850 Key words: chaparral, hydraulic

  8. Air Potato Leaf Feeding Beetle (Lilioceris cheni) Request Form/ Air Potato Vine (Dioscorea bulbifera) Infestation Site Record

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    Air Potato Leaf Feeding Beetle (Lilioceris cheni) Request Form/ Air Potato Vine: Longitude: Size/Density Approximate total size of the air potato vine infestation: Percent of the total area (above) covered by air potato vines (0100%): Other remarks: Please send data sheets to

  9. The Genome Sequence of the Leaf-Cutter Ant Atta cephalotes Reveals Insights into Its Obligate Symbiotic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graur, Dan

    of Wisconsin-Rock County, Janesville, Wisconsin, United States of America, 11 Department of Mathematics's primary food source. This obligate ant-fungus mutualism is one of the few occurrences of farming by non-humans and likely facilitated the formation of their massive colonies. Mature leaf-cutter ant colonies contain

  10. Summary Leaf reflectance at visible and near-infrared wavelengths (4001000 nm) is related primarily to pigmenta-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, Andrew D.

    Summary Leaf reflectance at visible and near-infrared wavelengths (400­1000 nm) is related physiology and relationships between plants and their growth environment. We studied reflectance of two co collected from 24 sites and white spruce from 30 sites. Overall, reflectance spectra of the two species were

  11. American Journal of Botany 96(4): 738750. 2009. The sensitivity of leaf teeth to climate is well known and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royer, Dana

    , soil depth, slope, elevation, fire return frequency, disturbance; see Table 1), growth form (liana). The primary goal of this study is to examine how ecological attributes related to disturbance, water to resprout after disturbance, and leaf size, lobing, and compounding; see Table 2). Our specific hypotheses

  12. Biomass, Leaf Area, and Resource Availability of Kudzu Dominated Plant Communities Following Herbicide Treatment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    L.T. Rader

    2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Kudzu is an exotic vine that threatens the forests of the southern U.S. Five herbicides were tested with regard to their efficacy in controlling kudzu, community recover was monitored, and interactions with planted pines were studied. The sites selected were old farm sites dominated by kudzu.These were burned following herbicide treatment. The herbicides included triclopyr, clopyralid, metsulfuron, tebuthiuron, and picloram plus 2,4-D. Pine seedlings were planted the following year. Regression equations were developed for predicting biomass and leaf area. Four distinct plant communities resulted from the treatments. The untreated check continued to be kudzu dominated. Blackberry dominated the clopyradid treatment. Metsulfron, trychlopyr and picloram treated sites resulted in herbaceous dominated communities. The tebuthiuron treatment maintained all vegetation low.

  13. Moderate forest disturbance as a stringent test for gap and big-leaf models

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Bond-Lamberty, Benjamin; Fisk, Justin P.; Holm, Jennifer; Bailey, Vanessa L.; Bohrer, Gil; Gough, Christopher

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Disturbance-induced tree mortality is a key factor regulating the carbon balance of a forest, but tree mortality and its subsequent effects are poorly represented processes in terrestrial ecosystem models. It is thus unclear whether models can robustly simulate moderate (non-catastrophic) disturbances, which tend to increase biological and structural complexity and are increasingly common in aging US forests. We tested whether three forest ecosystem models – Biome-BGC (BioGeochemical Cycles), a classic big-leaf model, and the ZELIG and ED (Ecosystem Demography) gap-oriented models – could reproduce the resilience to moderate disturbance observed in an experimentally manipulated forest (the Forest Accelerated Succession Experimentmore »in northern Michigan, USA, in which 38% of canopy dominants were stem girdled and compared to control plots). Each model was parameterized, spun up, and disturbed following similar protocols and run for 5 years post-disturbance. The models replicated observed declines in aboveground biomass well. Biome-BGC captured the timing and rebound of observed leaf area index (LAI), while ZELIG and ED correctly estimated the magnitude of LAI decline. None of the models fully captured the observed post-disturbance C fluxes, in particular gross primary production or net primary production (NPP). Biome-BGC NPP was correctly resilient but for the wrong reasons, and could not match the absolute observational values. ZELIG and ED, in contrast, exhibited large, unobserved drops in NPP and net ecosystem production. The biological mechanisms proposed to explain the observed rapid resilience of the C cycle are typically not incorporated by these or other models. It is thus an open question whether most ecosystem models will simulate correctly the gradual and less extensive tree mortality characteristic of moderate disturbances.« less

  14. Alfalfa leaf meal in finishing steer diets. Quarterly report, July 1, 1997--September 30, 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zehnder, C.M.; DiCostanzo, A.; Smith, L.B.; Brown, D.B.; Hall, J.M.

    1997-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Ninety-six medium frame, Angus and Angus cross steer calves (average initial weight 540 lb.) were allotted to a heavy or light weight block and then randomly assigned to one of four dietary treatments for a 167 or 189-day finishing phase, respectively. Treatments were control (supplemental soybean meal), alfalfa leaf meal (ALM) providing 33%, 66%, 100% of supplemental protein. Finishing diets were formulated to contain .61 Mcal NE{sub g}/lb dry matter, 12.5% crude protein, .6 % Ca and .3 % P. There were no significant (P >.05) effects of dietary treatments on daily gain or dry matter required /lb of gain. Steers fed 100 % ALM consumed more (P <.05) dry matter than steers fed either of the other three treatments. Dry matter consumption increased linearly (P >.05) with increasing ALM. There was no significant (P >.05) dietary treatment effect on marbling, KPH %, yield grade, quality grade, or liver abscesses. There was an apparent trend in reduced liver abscess incidence in steers fed 100 % ALM. Steers fed 66 % ALM had significantly (P <.05) greater backfat measurements, backfat also had a cubic effect (P <.05). Hot carcass weight had a quadratic relation (P <.05) with level of ALM. Substituting alfalfa leaf meal for soybean meal in diets of finishing steers increased DM intake, but this increase was accompanied by an increase in gain which resulted in similar feed efficiency. There may be an advantage in blending ALM and soybean meal as feed efficiency was improved when cattle were fed the blend. Also, feeding ALM may result in lower incidence of liver abscess.

  15. An evaluation of the relationship of the leaf area index of forage grasses to the survival of Haemonchus contortus third stage larvae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jewell, Roxanne Elizabeth

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Percentage larval recovery versus time of collection . . 21 Percentage larval recovery versus number of days after seeding on 10-20 cm flats. Percentage larval recovery versus number of days after seeding on 20-30 cm flats. Percentage larval recovery... versus number of days after seeding on 30-40 cm flats. 22 23 24 Leaf area index versus number of days after seeding on 10-20 cm flats. 26 Leaf area index versus number of days after seeding on 20-30 cm flats. 27 Leaf area index versus number...

  16. Summary Leaf area index (LAI) is a key biophysical vari-able in most process-based forest-ecosystem models. How-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    the Ad- vanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) satel- lite-borne sensor of surface greenness). Because of the strong influence of leaf area on rates of canopy gas ex- change and energy balance, efforts

  17. Warming and Intensified Summer Drought Influence Leaf Dark Respiration and Related Plant Traits in Three Dominant Species of the Southern Oak Savanna

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lindgren, Kourtnee Marr

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The short-term temperature-response of dark respiration may be altered by climate warming through temperature acclimation; however the role of drought in influencing thermal acclimation is not known. We hypothesized that leaf dark respiration...

  18. Mycorrhizae and phosphorus fertilization effects on survival, growth, total biomass and leaf nutrient levels of two-year old Leucaena leucocephala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mbugua, David Kahuria

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MYCORRHIZAE AND PHOSPHORUS FERTILIZATION EFFECTS ON SURVIVAL, GRONTH& TOTAL BIOMASS AND LEAF NUTRIENT LEVELS OF TWO-YEAR CLD LEUCAENA LEUCOCEPHALA A Thesis by DAVID KAHURIA MBUGUA Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University... in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1985 Major Subject: Forestry MYCORRHIZAE AND PHOSPHORUS FERTILIZATION EFFECTS ON SURVIVAL, GROWTH& TOTAL BIOMASS AND LEAF NUTRIENT LEVELS OF TWO-YEAR OLD LEUCAENA...

  19. Development of nanosecond time-resolved infrared detection at the LEAF pulse radiolysis facility

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Grills, David C.; Farrington, Jaime A.; Layne, Bobby H.; Preses, Jack M.; Bernstein, Herbert J.; Wishart, James F.

    2015-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When coupled with transient absorption spectroscopy, pulse radiolysis, which utilizes high-energy electron pulses from an accelerator, is a powerful tool for investigating the kinetics and thermodynamics of a wide range of radiation-induced redox and electron transfer processes. The majority of these investigations detect transient species in the UV, visible, or near-IR spectral regions. Unfortunately, the often-broad and featureless absorption bands in these regions can make the definitive identification of intermediates difficult. Time-resolved vibrational spectroscopy would offer much improved structural characterization, but has received only limited application in pulse radiolysis. In this paper, we describe in detail the development of amore »unique nanosecond time-resolved infrared (TRIR) detection capability for condensed-phase pulse radiolysis on a new beam line at the LEAF facility of Brookhaven National Laboratory. The system makes use of a suite of high-power, continuous wave external-cavity quantum cascade lasers as the IR probe source, with coverage from 2330-1051 cm?¹. The response time of the TRIR detection setup is ?40 ns, with a typical sensitivity of ?100 µOD after 4-8 signal averages using a dual-beam probe/reference normalization detection scheme. This new detection method has enabled mechanistic investigations of a range of radiation-induced chemical processes, some of which are highlighted here.« less

  20. Analysis of Leaf and Root Transcriptome of Soil Grown Avena barbata Plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swarbreck, Sté; phanie; Lindquist, Erika; Ackerly, David; Andersen, Gary

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Slender wild oat (Avena barbata) is an annual grass dominant in many grassland ecosystems in Mediterranean climate. This species has been the subject of ecological studies that aim at understanding the effect of global climate change on grassland ecosystems and the genetic basis for adaptation under varying environmental conditions. We present the sequencing and analysis of cDNA libraries constructed from leaf and root samples collected from A. barbata grown on natural soil and under varying rainfall patterns. More than one million expressed sequence tags (ESTs) were generated using both GS 454-FLX pyrosequencing and Sanger sequencing, and these tags were assembled into consensus sequences. We identified numerous candidate polymorphic markers in the dataset, providing possibilities for linking the genomic and the existing genetic information for A. barbata. Using the digital northern method, we showed that genes involved in photosynthesis were down regulated under high rainfall while stress- related genes were up regulated. We also identified a number of genes unique to the root library with unknown function. Real-time RT-PCR was used to confirm the root specificity of some of these transcripts such as two genes encoding O-methyl transferase. Also we showed differential expression under three water levels. Through a combination of Sanger and 454-based sequencing technologies, we were able to generate a large set of transcribed sequences for A. barbata. This dataset provides a platform for further studies of this important wild grass species

  1. Development of nanosecond time-resolved infrared detection at the LEAF pulse radiolysis facility

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Grills, David C. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Farrington, Jaime A. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Layne, Bobby H. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Preses, Jack M. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Bernstein, Herbert J. [Dowling College, Shirley, NY (United States); Wishart, James F. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)

    2015-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When coupled with transient absorption spectroscopy, pulse radiolysis, which utilizes high-energy electron pulses from an accelerator, is a powerful tool for investigating the kinetics and thermodynamics of a wide range of radiation-induced redox and electron transfer processes. The majority of these investigations detect transient species in the UV, visible, or near-IR spectral regions. Unfortunately, the often-broad and featureless absorption bands in these regions can make the definitive identification of intermediates difficult. Time-resolved vibrational spectroscopy would offer much improved structural characterization, but has received only limited application in pulse radiolysis. In this paper, we describe in detail the development of a unique nanosecond time-resolved infrared (TRIR) detection capability for condensed-phase pulse radiolysis on a new beam line at the LEAF facility of Brookhaven National Laboratory. The system makes use of a suite of high-power, continuous wave external-cavity quantum cascade lasers as the IR probe source, with coverage from 2330-1051 cm?¹. The response time of the TRIR detection setup is ?40 ns, with a typical sensitivity of ?100 µOD after 4-8 signal averages using a dual-beam probe/reference normalization detection scheme. This new detection method has enabled mechanistic investigations of a range of radiation-induced chemical processes, some of which are highlighted here.

  2. Effects of leaf rust and powdery mildew on yield, yield components, and quality characters of winter wheats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shafer, Brian Andrew

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    becomes heavy (Shaw, 1963; Venkateswar1u and Sirohi, 1974). When rusts begin to develop on the leaves of plants, they com- pete for and begin to mobilize nutr i ents in the host, turning in- fected areas into nutrient sinks . Dry weight of leaves... increases, due both to growth of the pathogen and to an increase in leaf weight per se (Shaw, 1963) . An increase in dry weight in infected areas and a high level of accumulated starch in pustular areas was noted by Yenkateswarlu and Sirohi ( 1974...

  3. Growth regulator reversal of simulated high temperature shipping effects on flower senescence and leaf abscission in miniature potted rose plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Lisa Lisu

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sunblaze (OS) and Red Sunblaze (RS). Growth regulator experiments were conducted to study the effect of silver thiosulfate (STS) and benzyladenine (BA) on delayed flower senescence and leaf abscission of OS and RS. To evaluate temperature, 3 selected... flower stages were designated and plants were stored at 4, 16, or 28C for 2, 4, or 6 days. To evaluate STS and BA, the plants were sprayed with different concentrations of STS and BA in a factorial combination. For the winter experiment, the STS...

  4. Effectiveness of three different Zn fertilizers and two methods of application for the control of 'little-leaf' in peach trees in south Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arce, Juan Pablo

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EFFECTIVENESS OF THREE DIFFERENT ZN FERTILIZERS AND TWO METHODS OF APPLICATION FOR THE CONTROL OF 'LITTLE-LEAF' IN PEACH TREES IN SOUTH TEXAS A Thesis by Juan Pablo Arce Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1991 Major Subject: Horticulture EFFECTIVENESS OF THREE DIFFERENT ZN FERTILIZERS AND TWO METHODS OF APPLICATION FOR THE CONTROL OF 'LITTLE-LEAF' IN PEACH TREES IN SOUTH...

  5. The effect of leaf rust (Puccinia recondita) Rob. on grain yield, yield components and quality in two pairs of closely related strains of wheat under Texas conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alcala de Stefano, Maximino A

    1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of s ikes er lot -- 'Ihe number of spikes per plot, averages for each locatior. and for all locations a"e given in Table 1 and analysis of the data, are given in Appendix Table 1. No data for this character were obtained a. t Benton. Tne Iowa Park tea... 63. o 64. 5 64. o 64. o 63. o 63. o 64. o 63. 9 63. 4 63. 5 6. 5 21 Table 6. Percentages of leaf rust at Beeville, Temple and College Station recorded in the spring of 1963. Percent e of leaf rust Beeville Strain number 21 Tem le 2...

  6. Simulating the growth response of aspen to elevated ozone: a mechanistic approach to scaling a leaf-level model of ozone effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simulating the growth response of aspen to elevated ozone: a mechanistic approach to scaling a leaf-level model of ozone effects on photosynthesis to a complex canopy architecture§ M.J. Martina, *, G.E. Hosta; accepted 17 July 2001 ``Capsule'': A process model is described that predicts the relative effects of ozone

  7. Phytologia (April 1, 2014) 96(2) 71 Taxonomy of Hesperocyparis montana, H. revealiana and H. stephensonii: Evidence from leaf essential oils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    . stephensonii: Evidence from leaf essential oils analyses and DNA sequences Robert P. Adams Biology Department oils were analyzed from Hesperocyparis montana H. revealiana and H. stephensonii. The cpDNA sequences the clade for H. montana and H. revealiana. The generally considered close relationship between H. montana

  8. Effect of MLC leaf position, collimator rotation angle, and gantry rotation angle errors on intensity-modulated radiotherapy plans for nasopharyngeal carcinoma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bai, Sen; Li, Guangjun; Wang, Maojie; Jiang, Qinfeng; Zhang, Yingjie [State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan (China); Wei, Yuquan, E-mail: yuquawei@vip.sina.com [State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan (China)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of multileaf collimator (MLC) leaf position, collimator rotation angle, and accelerator gantry rotation angle errors on intensity-modulated radiotherapy plans for nasopharyngeal carcinoma. To compare dosimetric differences between the simulating plans and the clinical plans with evaluation parameters, 6 patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma were selected for simulation of systematic and random MLC leaf position errors, collimator rotation angle errors, and accelerator gantry rotation angle errors. There was a high sensitivity to dose distribution for systematic MLC leaf position errors in response to field size. When the systematic MLC position errors were 0.5, 1, and 2 mm, respectively, the maximum values of the mean dose deviation, observed in parotid glands, were 4.63%, 8.69%, and 18.32%, respectively. The dosimetric effect was comparatively small for systematic MLC shift errors. For random MLC errors up to 2 mm and collimator and gantry rotation angle errors up to 0.5°, the dosimetric effect was negligible. We suggest that quality control be regularly conducted for MLC leaves, so as to ensure that systematic MLC leaf position errors are within 0.5 mm. Because the dosimetric effect of 0.5° collimator and gantry rotation angle errors is negligible, it can be concluded that setting a proper threshold for allowed errors of collimator and gantry rotation angle may increase treatment efficacy and reduce treatment time.

  9. Spring leaf flush in aspen (Populus tremuloides) clones is altered by long-term growth at elevated carbon dioxide and elevated ozone concentration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spring leaf flush in aspen (Populus tremuloides) clones is altered by long-term growth at elevated2] and suppressed by elevated [O3] in aspen (Populus tremuloides). a r t i c l e i n f o Article Populus tremuloides (aspen) canopy. This work was done at the Aspen FACE experiment where aspen clones

  10. Abstract The nutrient base of aquatic tree-hole commu-nities is derived from leaf litter, benthic detritus, and wa-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bradshaw, William E.

    - mine how these substrates affect mass at metamorphosis, biomass yield, and fitness (cohort replacement, these resources are either exploited by mosquitoes when they first become available, or they deteriorate and be and for its univoltine life cycle from Mexico to Canada. Key words Aedes sierrensis · Tree hole · Leaf litter

  11. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 103, NO. D24, PAGES 32,257-32,276, JANUARY 27, 1998 Synergistic algorithm for estimating vegetation canopy leaf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myneni, Ranga B.

    JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 103, NO. D24, PAGES 32,257-32,276, JANUARY 27, 1998 32257 communities across the globe in response to climate changes. Leaf area index (LAI) is a state parameter in all models describing the exchange of fluxes of energy, mass (e.g., water and CO2), and momentum between

  12. Supporting Information available online1 Van Bael et al., Endophytic fungi increase the processing rate of leavesby leaf-cutting ants2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    1 Supporting Information available online1 Van Bael et al., Endophytic fungi increase7 Gamboa (Van Bael, personal observation). In Gamboa, foliar endophyte communities of M.8 umbellata to select a species for leaf inoculation12 experiments and manipulation of endophyte densities within plants

  13. Effect of basic slag addition on soil properties, growth and leaf mineral composition of beans in a Cu-contaminated soil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Effect of basic slag addition on soil properties, growth and leaf mineral composition of beans in contaminated soils. The BS effects on soil pH, soil conductivity, growth and chemical composition of beans were Contamination 19, 2 (2010) 174 - 187" #12;2 the Cu-contaminated soil promoted bean growth with the lowest foliar

  14. On a donc ici Soit, par exemple, une lampe de i oo volts, porte la telnpra-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    °. Le rapport entre la chaleur due au phénomène de Peltier et la chaleur totale développée dans le différence entre la densité du liquide et celle du milieu ambiant, et, si Fig. 2. Si l'on considère seulement

  15. Scalable Distributed Automation System: Scalable Real-time Decentralized Volt/VAR Control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    GENI Project: Caltech is developing a distributed automation system that allows distributed generators—solar panels, wind farms, thermal co-generation systems—to effectively manage their own power. To date, the main stumbling block for distributed automation systems has been the inability to develop software that can handle more than 100,000 distributed generators and be implemented in real time. Caltech’s software could allow millions of generators to self-manage through local sensing, computation, and communication. Taken together, localized algorithms can support certain global objectives, such as maintaining the balance of energy supply and demand, regulating voltage and frequency, and minimizing cost. An automated, grid-wide power control system would ease the integration of renewable energy sources like solar power into the grid by quickly transmitting power when it is created, eliminating the energy loss associated with the lack of renewable energy storage capacity of the grid.

  16. Winery pairs vines with volts, leads the way for solar on BPA...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    with power purchased from Lane Electric Cooperative. King Estate is the co-op's largest customer. BPA provides a balancing service for the variable solar plant - the same service...

  17. A one-volt p-InP/n-CdSe regenerative photoelectrochemical cell

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ang, P.G.P.; Sammells, A.F.

    1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Photoelectrochemical (PEC) cells have the potential utility of being used for either the direct conversion of solar energy to electricity as in regenerative devices or to generate stored redox species which can later be electrochemically discharged in a suitable cell. This latter approach has been particularly intriguing over the last few years. However, although several photoelectrochemical storage cells have been discussed, it has become increasingly desirable to have a high-voltage (approx. =1 V) PEC cell, so that the storage cell with which it is associated has some hope of being competitive with presently available commercial batteries.

  18. Winery pairs vines with volts, leads the way for solar on BPA's grid

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron SpinPrincetonUsingWhat is abig world of2 BONNEVILLE POWERWind

  19. The Breakthrough Behind the Chevy Volt Battery | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our InstagramStructureProposedPAGESafetyTed5, 2015 IndependentThe BleedingThe

  20. An inheritance and cytological study of angular leaf spot resistance in the F? generation of a gossypium three-species hybrid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bradford, Willis Warren

    1954-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    conditions of natural and artificial infection. Resistance has been transmitted to selections from hybrids of Stoneville 20 with susceptible varieties and to their backcrosses. The results of genetic studies by Blank (1949) and Bird and Blank (1951) suggest..................... ...................... .. 19 2. Distribution of F2 progeny of ZJ?1 x Deltapine among angular leaf spot grades for number of days from inocula? tion to infection ........................... ? ? ? ? ? 20 3* Distribution of the disease grades of individual plants in F2...

  1. Influence on Grain Yields and Yield Components of Leaf Rust of Wheat and Crown Rust of Oats as Measured by Isogenic Resistant and Susceptible Lines.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atkins, I. M.; Alcala de Stephano, Maximino; Merkle, O. G.; Kilpatrick, R. A.

    1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ., and Allard, R. W. 1965. Genetic variability in highly inbred isogenic lines of the lima bean. Crop Sci. 5 1203-206. Hilu, H. M. 1965. Host-pathogen relationship of Pllrccinia ~orghi in nearly isogenic resistant and susceptible seedling corn...IIVFLUENm ON GRAIN Y_LEI;DS AND YZZXD COMPONENTS OF LEAF RUST OF l+%?EAT AND CROWN RUST OF OATS m fl2kmured by ISOGENIC RESISTANT AND SUSCEPTIBLE LINES Contents SUMMARY...

  2. Elm Leaf Beetle 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patrick, Carl D.

    2002-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    -cyhalothrin Scimitar® 1 Demand® 1 permethrin Dragnet® 1,3 phosmet Imidan® 1 spinosad Conserve® tralomethrin Saga® 1 For commercial use only. 2 Dursban products are no longer being sold. Use existing stocks as directed on the product label or learn how to dispose...

  3. A bug's leaf | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    metaproteomic techniques at EMSL. Investigating metabolic transitions and biomass degradation in the ants' cultivated fungus gardens yielded important information about how...

  4. Key to Juniperus of Mexico and Guatemala rev. 2/2011 1a.Whip-and scale-leaf margins entire (20 X) or with irregular teeth (40 X) and then with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    . mucronata 4b. Seed cones globose, rarely bi-lobed, twigs (6-15 mm diam.) with bark exfoliating in plates-leaf margins denticulate (20 X) 6a. Seed cones (1) 2 - 11 seeded, if 1 seeded, then bark exfoliating/cone), fibrous to obscurely woody; trunk bark exfoliating in quadrangular plates or if trunk exfoliating

  5. Investigating fusion plasma instabilities in the Mega Amp Spherical Tokamak using mega electron volt proton emissions (invited)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perez, R. V., E-mail: rvale006@fiu.edu; Boeglin, W. U.; Angulo, A.; Avila, P.; Leon, O.; Lopez, C. [Department of Physics, Florida International University, 11200 SW 8 ST, CP204, Miami, Florida 33199 (United States); Darrow, D. S. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, James Forrestal Campus, P.O. Box 451, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States); Cecconello, M.; Klimek, I. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Uppsala SE-751 20 (Sweden); Allan, S. Y.; Akers, R. J.; Keeling, D. L.; McClements, K. G.; Scannell, R.; Conway, N. J. [CCFE, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxfordshire OX14 3DB (United Kingdom); Turnyanskiy, M. [ITER Physics Department, EFDA CSU Garching, Boltzmannstrasse 2, D-85748, Garching (Germany); Jones, O. M. [CCFE, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxfordshire OX14 3DB (United Kingdom); Department of Physics, Durham University, Durham DH1 3LE (United Kingdom); Michael, C. A. [Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia)

    2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The proton detector (PD) measures 3 MeV proton yield distributions from deuterium-deuterium fusion reactions within the Mega Amp Spherical Tokamak (MAST). The PD’s compact four-channel system of collimated and individually oriented silicon detectors probes different regions of the plasma, detecting protons (with gyro radii large enough to be unconfined) leaving the plasma on curved trajectories during neutral beam injection. From first PD data obtained during plasma operation in 2013, proton production rates (up to several hundred kHz and 1 ms time resolution) during sawtooth events were compared to the corresponding MAST neutron camera data. Fitted proton emission profiles in the poloidal plane demonstrate the capabilities of this new system.

  6. The bacterial leaf spot disease of castorbeans. I.A study of the inheritance of resistance. II. Some elemental components associated with physiological resistance. III. A histological evaluation of resistance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poole, D. Donald

    1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of material, basic knowledge and understanding of the genetical and of the physiological mechanism of resistance and susceptibility to bacterial leaf spot would be of considerable help in developing resistant lines. This knowledge would be particularly... examination might also lead to an adequate explanation of physiological phenomena associated with resistance. The purpose of this paper is to report the results of genetic studies made with resistant and susceptible lines, of physiological studies...

  7. The use of stored carbon reserves in growth of temperate tree roots and leaf buds: Analyses using radiocarbon measurements and modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gaudinski, J.B.; Torn, M.S.; Riley, W.J.; Swanston, C.; Trumbore, S.E.; Joslin, J.D.; Majdi, H.; Dawson, T.E.; Hanson, P.J.

    2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Characterizing the use of carbon (C) reserves in trees is important for understanding regional and global C cycles, stress responses, asynchrony between photosynthetic activity and growth demand, and isotopic exchanges in studies of tree physiology and ecosystem C cycling. Using an inadvertent, whole-ecosystem radiocarbon ({sup 14}C) release in a temperate deciduous oak forest and numerical modeling, we estimated that the mean age of stored C used to grow both leaf buds and new roots is 0.7 years and about 55% of new-root growth annually comes from stored C. Therefore, the calculated mean age of C used to grow new-root tissue is {approx}0.4 years. In short, new roots contain a lot of stored C but it is young in age. Additionally, the type of structure used to model stored C input is important. Model structures that did not include storage, or that assumed stored and new C mixed well (within root or shoot tissues) before being used for root growth, did not fit the data nearly as well as when a distinct storage pool was used. Consistent with these whole-ecosystem labeling results, the mean age of C in new-root tissues determined using 'bomb-{sup 14}C' in three additional forest sites in North America and Europe (one deciduous, two coniferous) was less than 1-2 years. The effect of stored reserves on estimated ages of fine roots is unlikely to be large in most natural abundance isotope studies. However, models of root C dynamics should take stored reserves into account, particularly for pulse-labeling studies and fast-cycling roots (<1 years).

  8. Rick Nichols 80.737 89.205 77.116 77.767Chevrolet Corvette 77.116 60583 1 2 64.469 Class Average : 77.116

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prevedouros, Panos D.

    75.543 73.255 76.140 75.993Honda Prelude 73.255 29471 1 56.846 Ray Laffoon 74.167 77.107 73.437 73.501 Gary Kitagawa 67.852 67.445 68.776 69.562Honda Prelude 67.445 36191 1 57.598 Jon Matsushige 74.628 71.403 65.735Honda S2000 64.935 3752 1 3 2 58.052 Joseph Riveira 67.980 68.061 69.283 69.965Honda S20

  9. Advanced Propulsion Technology Strategy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Alternative Sources) Hydrogen Time ADVANCED PROPULSION TECHNOLOGY STRATEGY DOWNSIZED TURBO GAS ENGINE CHEVROLET CRUZE 1.4L TURBO ECOTEC Downsized SIDI Turbo Boosting HCCI -...

  10. On the contribution of leaf surface wetness, leaf size and leaf longevity to variation in leaf water and carbon balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simonin, Kevin Allen

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EFM), High-pressure method (HPM) and Vacuum pump method (al. (2002) EFM Sack et al. (2002) HPM Nardini et al. (2005)petiolata Annona glabra HPM HPM Nardini et al. (2005) Sack

  11. Artificial leaf jumps developmental hurdle

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting the TWP TWPAlumni AlumniFederal FacilityAprilAreAroundArthur P.ISeptember

  12. Stan Zak files, Nov 10

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Nov 10, 2011 ... Battery charger circuit. 30. Volts. 10. Volts. Battery. I. 1. I. 2. R. 2. R. 1. +. ?. I. 3. R. 3. I. 5. R. 5. 6. Volts. Battery. I. 4. R. 4. 20. Volts. Battery.

  13. horizontal de 60 cm de long, avec une tension de 100 200 volts et du papier Whatman No 3MM de 5 cul de

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    source, déposée à une extrémité, migrer environ jusqu'aux 2/3 de la longueur du papier. 147 Pm additionné même pour toutes les fractions de,1 /2 cm correspondant à la zone Sm - Pm - Nd. La raie de 121 ke carbone absorbant les p-, est (3 :1: 0,5)10-1 /P- de 14'Pm. C. Conclusion : Origine du rayonnement de 121

  14. positive, dans l'air sec la pression ordinaire, le champ tant d'en-viron 10000 volts, omm,5; dans la dcharge ngative, le champ tant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    . Hahn (4) celle des particules a du thorium B et du thorium C. L'auteur, par la méthode de la (tandis que, d'après Hahn, le thorium émet deux espèces de rayonsx), et que les particules ce du polonium. - Relative activity of radium and thorium, measured by the gamma- radiation (Rappor

  15. Measurements of the volt-ampere characteristics and the breakdown voltages of direct-current helium and hydrogen discharges in microgaps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klas, M.; Matej?ik, Š. [Department of Experimental Physics, Comenius University, Mlynskadolina F2, 84248 Bratislava (Slovakia); Radjenovi?, B.; Radmilovi?-Radjenovi?, M. [Institute of Physics, University of Belgrade, P.O. Box 57, 11080 Belgrade (Serbia)

    2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The discharge phenomena for micro meter gap sizes include many interesting problems from engineering and physical perspectives. In this paper, the authors deal with the experimental and theoretical results of the breakdown voltage and current-voltage characteristics of the direct-current helium and hydrogen discharges. The measurements were performed at a constant pressure of around one atmosphere, while varying the gap size between two parallel plane tungsten electrodes between 1??m and 100??m. From the measured breakdown voltage curves, the effective yields and the ionization coefficients were derived for both gases. Present data for the ionization coefficients correlate with the data obtained for the breakdown voltage curves measured for fixed 100??m interelectrode separation. The current-voltage characteristics were plotted for the various gap sizes illustrating the role of the field emission effects in the microgaps. Based on the Fowler-Nordheim theory, the enhancement factors were determined. The gap spacing dependence of the field emission current can be explained by the introduction of two ideas, the first being a space charge effect by emitted electrons, and the second a change in the breakdown mechanism. Experimental results, presented here, demonstrate that Townsend phenomenology breaks down when field emission becomes the key mechanism affecting the breakdown and deforming the left hand side of the breakdown voltage curves.

  16. Test plan for composting studies involving weight and volume reduction of leaf and stalk biomass: DOE/OTD TTP{number_sign} SR17SS53 {ampersand} TTP{number_sign} SR18SS41

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilde, E.W.; Kastner, J.; Murphy, C.; Santo Domingo, J.

    1997-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    SRTC and a panel of experts from off-site previously determined that composting was the most attractive alternative for reducing the volume and weight of biomass that was slightly radioactive. The SRTC proposed scope of work for Subtask 2 of TTP{number_sign} SR17SS53 and TTP{number_sign} SR18SS41 involves bench scale studies to assess the rates and efficiencies of various composting schemes for volume and weight reduction of leaf and stalk biomass (SB). Ultimately, the data will be used to design a composting process for biomass proposed by MSE for phytoremediation studies at SRS. This could drastically reduce costs for transporting and disposing of contaminated biomass resulting from a future major phytoremediation effort for soil clean-up at the site. The composting studies at SRTC includes collaboration with personnel from the University of Georgia, who will conduct chemical analyses of the plant material after harvest, pre-treatment, and composting for specific time periods. Parameters to be measured will include: lignin, hemicellulose, cellulose, carbon and nitrogen. The overall objective of this project is to identify or develop: (1) an inexpensive source of inoculum (consisting of nutrients and/or microorganisms) capable of significantly enhancing biomass degradation, (2) an optimum range of operating parameters for the composting process, and (3) a process design for the solid state degradation of lignocellulosic biomass contaminated with radionuclides that is superior to existing alternatives for dealing with such waste.

  17. HYDROCARBON CONSTITUENTS OF ICELAND LEAF FOSSIL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Jerry; Calvin, Melvin.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    L.S. (1962) Isoprenoid hydrocarbons in petroleum. Anal.and EVANS E. D. (1965) Hydrocarbons in non-reservo; r-rockVI. Distribution of wax hydrocarbons in plants at different

  18. Leaf Coppin Optical Analysis of Surfacesby Second-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marrucci, Lorenzo

    principle of those oil additives, commonly used in the lubri- cant industry, whose effect derives from are described. Keywords optical second-harmonic generation, molecular,adsorption, surface, additives, lubricants to the study of lubrication, and more specifically to the subject of boundary lubrication, where monolayers

  19. Scott Roseman: Owner, New Leaf Community Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reti, Irene H.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    worked for the Alternative Energy Co-op, an organizationdoing an internship in alternative energy systems. After theat what was called the Alternative Energy Co-op, which was a

  20. Virtual Plants and Leaf surface modelling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loch, Birgit

    needs 12 pieces of information #12;· The linear triangle (PLM) and the CT triangle (CTM) #12;I had% PLM 55 pts 5% CTM 62 pts 1% CTM 327 pts1% PLM 323 pts #12;5% PLM 55 pts 5% CTM 62 pts 1% PLM 323 pts 1% CTM 327 #12;#12;1% CTM 327 pts1% PLM 323 pts 5% PLM 55 pts 5% CTM 62 pts All 10473 pts #12;5% PLM 127

  1. Scott Roseman: Owner, New Leaf Community Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reti, Irene H.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    an organization devoted to renewable energy technologies. Itwas dedicated to the renewable energy movement. But during

  2. Department of Mechanical Engineering Fall 2012 Improved hinge system for coupe doors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demirel, Melik C.

    prototype and install on 2013 Chevrolet Camaro Approach Gathered customer needs from General Motors ReviewPENNSTATE Department of Mechanical Engineering Fall 2012 Improved hinge system for coupe doors

  3. Measuring and Modeling Emissions from Extremely Low-Emitting Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barth, M; Collins, J F; Scora, G; Davis, N; Norbeck, J N

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Make Model Odometer Chevrolet Malibu Honda Accord LX DodgeNeon Ford Focus Honda Accord LX Mazda Protégé Volkswagen3.2TL Buick Regal Ford Mustang Honda Civic Mitsubishi Galant

  4. London & Paris - Depart on April 12, 2007 for an

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    pricing not available to the general public on most new vehicles (Cadillac, Chevrolet, Honda, Mazda, Mercedes-Benz, Subaru and Toyota) Visit us online at www.billmccurley.com....

  5. Measuring and Modeling Emissions from Extremely Low Emitting Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barth, M; Collins, J F; Scora, G; Davis, N; Norbeck, J M

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Make Model Odometer Chevrolet Malibu Honda Accord LX DodgeNeon Ford Focus Honda Accord LX Mazda Protégé Volkswagen3.2TL Buick Regal Ford Mustang Honda Civic Mitsubishi Galant

  6. AVTA: 2010 Honda CR-Z Hybrid Downloadable Dynamometer Database...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    at Argonne National Laboratory under the funding and guidance of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Honda CR-Z Hybrid (2010) More Documents & Publications AVTA: 2012 Chevrolet...

  7. The Ohio State University Wins Year One of North American EcoCAR...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    gives students the chance to design, build, and demonstrate cutting-edge, eco-friendly automotive technologies in the all-new 2016 Chevrolet Camaro. The Ohio State has shown...

  8. The effect of carburetor refurbishing on emissions, performance, and fuel economy in a classic pickup tested using real-world tests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holmes, Jacklyn (Jacklyn A.)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This project investigated how refurbishing the carburetor of a 1952 Chevrolet Pickup would affect emissions, performance, and fuel economy. The test used were real-world tests that anyone, with or without access to a ...

  9. AVTA: Hybrid Electric Vehicles

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    2013-2014 Volkswagen Jetta2013 Ford C-Max2013 Chevrolet Malibu2013 Honda Civic2011 Hyundai Sonata2011 Honda CRZ2010 Honda Civic with Advanced Experimental Ultra Lead Acid Battery2010 Mercedes...

  10. Automobility in India: A Study of Car Acquisition and Ownership Trends in the City of Surat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banerjee, Ipsita

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2009). Concurrently, Audi, BMW, Chevrolet, Fiat, Mercedes,5-series, and 7-series in BMW, and the C-class, E-class, andexample, the price of the BMW 3-series or the Mercedes Benz

  11. Modeling consumer preferences for status-signaling brands: branding, pricing, and product-line decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Becerril Arreola, Rafael

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    or conspicuous reputation (a BMW sedan) (Miller, 2009). ToAcura Aston Martin Audi Bentley BMW Buick Cadillac ChevroletCadillac M-Benz Infiniti BMW Lincoln Lincoln Lexus Lexus

  12. Design and installation of continuous flow and water quality monitoring stations to improve water quality forecasting in the lower San Joaquin River

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quinn, Nigel W.T.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ¼ mile south of Hwy 140. Solar Panel with 12-volt batteryMarshall Road Reservoir. Solar Panel with 12-volt batteryflows from adjacent fields. Solar Panel with 12-volt battery

  13. Real-Time Water Quality Management in the Grassland Water District

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Grassland Water District. Solar Panel with 12-volt batteryWater District. Power Solar Panel with 12-volt batteryWater District. Power Solar Panel with 12-volt battery

  14. Energy Blog | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    open government. December 9, 2010 Chevy Volt Electrifies DOE Headquarters Dennis Smith, National Clean Cities Director, takes the Chevy Volt for a spin and gives us a...

  15. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: 88 Kilowatt Automotive...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    88 Kilowatt Automotive Inverter with New 900 Volt Silicon Carbide MOSFET Technology Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: 88 Kilowatt Automotive Inverter with New 900 Volt...

  16. advisors 12nov98 meeting: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the incidents might have been Farritor, Shane 339 VOLT Meetings VOLT meetings are held monthly and Engineering Websites Summary: with Venture's Outdoor Leadership Training and...

  17. advisors 23jun99 meeting: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the incidents might have been Farritor, Shane 339 VOLT Meetings VOLT meetings are held monthly and Engineering Websites Summary: with Venture's Outdoor Leadership Training and...

  18. advisors 08mar99 meeting: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the incidents might have been Farritor, Shane 339 VOLT Meetings VOLT meetings are held monthly and Engineering Websites Summary: with Venture's Outdoor Leadership Training and...

  19. advisors 22jun98 meeting: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the incidents might have been Farritor, Shane 339 VOLT Meetings VOLT meetings are held monthly and Engineering Websites Summary: with Venture's Outdoor Leadership Training and...

  20. advisors 13-14nov97 meeting: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the incidents might have been Farritor, Shane 339 VOLT Meetings VOLT meetings are held monthly and Engineering Websites Summary: with Venture's Outdoor Leadership Training and...

  1. advisors 23-24mar00 meeting: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the incidents might have been Farritor, Shane 339 VOLT Meetings VOLT meetings are held monthly and Engineering Websites Summary: with Venture's Outdoor Leadership Training and...

  2. advisors 08nov99 meeting: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the incidents might have been Farritor, Shane 339 VOLT Meetings VOLT meetings are held monthly and Engineering Websites Summary: with Venture's Outdoor Leadership Training and...

  3. advisors 02-03mar98 meeting: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the incidents might have been Farritor, Shane 339 VOLT Meetings VOLT meetings are held monthly and Engineering Websites Summary: with Venture's Outdoor Leadership Training and...

  4. advisors 22sep98 meeting: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the incidents might have been Farritor, Shane 339 VOLT Meetings VOLT meetings are held monthly and Engineering Websites Summary: with Venture's Outdoor Leadership Training and...

  5. Wetland Flow and Salinity Budgets and Elements of a Decision Support System toward Implementation of Real-Time Seasonal Wetland Salinity Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quinn, N.W.T.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to  a  common  drain   Solar  Panels  with  12-­?volt  by   10   Watt   solar   panels   fixed   to   the  Ducky  Strike  South   Solar  Panels  with  12-­?volt  

  6. ORIGINAL PAPER Controls over leaf and litter calcium concentrations among

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    only 10% as much biomass and height at low relative to high Ca supply, whereas the other species to variation in soil pH, exchangeable Ca, soil base saturation, forest floor turnover rates, and earthworm of varying Ca supply. We also investigated whether trees species with high Ca concentrations in green leaves

  7. AVTA: 2012 Nissan Leaf All-Electric Vehicle Testing Reports

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. ...

  8. aqueous crude leaf: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Experiments Eduardo Buenrostro.interscience.wiley.com). The precipitation of asphaltenes in two Mexican crude oils was measured using a combination of high- and tank-oil...

  9. Davide Pettenella LEAF Dept. -Land, Environment, Agriculture and Forestry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pettenella, Davide

    for the concentration and storage of wood for energy ·Energy services companies (ESCO): from selling the wood standing for different plots (instead of the traditional small annual sales) Auctions of timber organization · Large

  10. aqueous ethanolic leaf: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Polymeric Assembly of Gluten Proteins in an Aqueous Ethanol Solvent Condensed Matter (arXiv) Summary: The supramolecular organization of wheat...

  11. availability leaf life: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Category: Life Sciences, Materials License Status: Available for licensing Texas Industry Cluster: Biotechnology and Life Sciences Engineering Websites Summary: Jason B....

  12. Davide Pettenella LEAF Dept. -Land, Environment, Agriculture and Forestry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pettenella, Davide

    , Biodiversity, Carbon sequestration, water supply, ... loc.reg. localregiona localereg. loc.reg. localregionali

  13. anthracnose leaf blight: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    disease of papaya Babak Madani a,*, Mahmud Tengku Muda Mohamed a,**, Alan R. Biggs c , Jugah Kadir October 2013 Keywords: Papaya Anthracnose Calcium Disease incidence...

  14. LEAFing Through New Vehicle Technology | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    data "I think the data collection and information developed will help inform battery and car manufacturers, cities, states and private companies relative to the appropriate...

  15. alfalfa leaf protein: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    periods. Digestibility and rate of passage of experimental diets were also measured using rare earth markers. The perennial ryegrass contained 3.0 percentage units more neutral...

  16. The Culture of Cigar Leaf Tobacco in Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olson, Otto

    1912-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for cotton in the fall of 1910, is responsible for the fact thnt only 30 acres mere porn in tobacco in -1911. The growers received 17 cents per pound for "primed" tobacco in81911, and the average yield per acre was 1100 pounds. It should be stated... depends on the fertility anal condition of the soil, though it must be borne in mind that the to- bacco plant is a heavy feeder and requires an especially strong ra- tion of potash because of the great influence of the latter on the 4 1 burning...

  17. asteraceae leaf extract: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    known as the Crofton weed; other common names are eupatory, sticky snakeroot, cat weed, hemp agrimony, sticky agrimony, Mexican Reddy, Gadi VP 17 THE EFFECTS OF A NIGERIAN SPECIE...

  18. american leaf blight: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    between cultivars can also be established. It appears from the study that when taro cultivation was introduced to a new area, only a small fraction of genetic variability in...

  19. Environmental Control of Isoprene Emission: from Leaf to Canopy Scale 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pegoraro, Emiliano

    methane, concern about the response of isoprene emissions to the rise in atmospheric CO2 concentration and global climate change has been increasing over the last few years. The consequences of predicted climate change will have complex repercussions...

  20. Cambodia-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomassSustainableCSL GasPermits Manual Jump to:(RECP) in Developing and

  1. EERE: VTO - Red Leaf PNG Image | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:Revised Finding of98-F, Western22,EERE Solar SunShot IncubatorofHybrid Bus PNGRed

  2. Malaysia-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLu an Group Jump to:MacquarieInformation Malaysia

  3. Thailand-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheasternInformation TengchongTex-LaInformation(CTI

  4. RedLeaf Resources Ecoshale Project | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of ContaminationHubs+18, 2012Energy ReliabilityNews Flashes Recovery(Engineering)

  5. How cellulose-based leaf toughness and lamina density contribute to long leaf lifespan of shade tolerant species

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kitajima, Kaoru

    for the work needed to overcome inter-blade friction, which was measured prior to each sharing test. Analysis Stefanescu, Marta Vargas Timchenko, Peter W. Lucas, S. Joseph Wright Supporting levels, but the fundamental patterns reported in Fig. 3 remain the same. Details of cutting test

  6. Quantifying Grade Crossing Condition as an Input to Modeling Safety

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

    /day · WBAPS 0.042 crashes/year · projected highway traffic 14,000 veh/day in 2040 12 Field Test #12;Field Data: · 2009 Chevrolet Impala sedan · a real time acceleration sensor records and stores 3 axis (XYZ

  7. Notes for STA 250, Radford M. Neal, 2000 Organizing Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neal, Radford M.

    : Protection for dummies (eg, airbag) weight: Weight of the vehicle in pounds `Make', `model', `side protection weight Buick Elect.â??Parkâ??Ave 88 1467 54 Drvr manualâ??belts 3360 Chevrolet Camaro 91 585 39 Drvr dâ??airbag manualâ??belts 3757 Isuzu Stylus 91 580 57 Drvr dâ??airbag 2333 Mercury Tracer 89 940 48 Drvr manual

  8. Regenerative Braking for an Electric Vehicle Using Ultracapacitors and a Buck-Boost Converter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

    Regenerative Braking for an Electric Vehicle Using Ultracapacitors and a Buck-Boost Converter Juan for an Electric Vehicle has been simulated. The purpose of this device is to allow higher accelerations, similar in shape and size to a Chevrolet S-10. This vehicle was already converted to an electric car

  9. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA- Diesel Internal Combusion Engine Vehicles

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) uses standard procedures and test specifications to test and collect data from vehicles on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. Downloadable data on the following vehicles is available: 2014 Chevrolet Cruze Diesel, 2013 Volkswagen Jetta TDI, and 2009 Volkswagen Jetta TDI.

  10. 2015 Vehicle Buyer's Guide (Brochure), Clean Cities, Energy...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Year) Driving Range (Miles) GHG Score** Fuel Economy (MPGe) CityHwy Starting MSRP BMW i3 125 kW21 kWh 0.2 81 10 137114 41,350 Chevrolet Spark 104 kW20 kWh 0.2 82 10 128...

  11. Polarimetric Cloud Analysis and Seeding Test 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delene, David J.

    Plume SF6 Detector CCN Counter #12;Performance Checks: Data System Screen Shot Injection Tube Syringe with SF6 Peaks Time [s] SF6 Signal[volts] Base Voltage ~0.9 volts SF6 Injection 29 s Fluctuation

  12. E-Print Network 3.0 - amp-hour counting control Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: amp- hour, 12 volt battery. The ORADS is also equipped with a 12-watt, 12 volt solar panel attached... ) sensor that measures lane position and passage of vehicle tires...

  13. 47Home Power #27 February / March 1992 Grounding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Eric E.

    -voltage, PV, wind, or hydro systems. Code Corner P If the open-circuit PV module (or hydro voltage or wind generator) voltage exceeds 50 volts (generally any system rated above 24 volts), the NEC requires that one

  14. Booster Synchrotron | Advanced Photon Source

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    electron volts (7 GeV) in one-half second. (By comparison, the electron beam that lights a TV screen is only 25,000 electron volts.) The electrons are now traveling at...

  15. U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF ELECTRICITY DELIVERY AND...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    comprised of about 1250 megawatts of wind generation from -- it's constructed inside Mexico and either a 230,000-volt or 500,000-volt transmission line on about four towers...

  16. TEST OF THE PERFORMANCE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF A PROTOTYPE INDUCTIVE POWER COUPLING FOR ELECTRIC HIGHWAY SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolger, J.G.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pickup short circuit current Effective core loss currentPickup short circuit voltage, volts I - Input current, amps

  17. KELVIN: A Second Generation Land Vehicle 2002 Florida Conference on Recent Advances in Robotics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartz, Eric M.

    is a bank of two 12-volt marine batteries in series to produce 24 volts. The integrated systems battery different levels within this cradle. Two batteries systems are used in Kelvin. The motor battery system is a 12 volt 17.3 amp-hour power source. This battery powers all of the computer systems and the steering

  18. KELVIN: Kart for Long distance Vision Navigation 2001 Florida Conference on Recent Advances in Robotics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartz, Eric M.

    is a bank of two 12-volt marine batteries in series to produce 24 volts. The integrated systems battery different levels within this cradle. Two batteries systems are used in Kelvin. The motor battery system is a 12 volt 17.3 amp-hour power source. This battery powers all of the computer systems and the steering

  19. De novoDe novo biosyntheses versus sequestration in leaf beetlesbiosyntheses versus sequestration in leaf beetles a mechanistic approach by stable isotopesa mechanistic approach by stable isotopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    reservoir #12;Pyruvate Acetyl-CoA Terpene biosynthesis IPP (C5) DMAPP (C5) GPP (C10) 8-Hydroxygeraniol acid MVA-pathway (in cytosol) Insect de novo IPP (C5) ( ) MEP-pathway (in plastids) Methylerythritol-4 biosynthesis by jasmonic acid (JA) 3. Allow larvae to feed 4. Collect defensive secretion and volatiles 5

  20. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA- Hybrid Electric Vehicles

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) uses standard procedures and test specifications to test and collect data from vehicles on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. This page provides data on the hybrid electric versions of the Volkswagen Jetta, Ford C-Max, Chevrolet Malibu, Honda Civic, Hyundai Sonata, Honda CRZ, Honda Civic with Advanced Experimental Ultra Lead Acid Battery, Mercedes Benz, Toyota Prius Gen III, Ford Fusion, Honda Insight and Honda CR-Z.

  1. Demonstration of the fuel economy potential associated with M85-fueled vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hodgson, J.W.; Huff, S.P. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States)] [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States)

    1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A gasoline-fueled 1988 Chevrolet Corsica was converted to operate on M85 to demonstrate that the characteristics of methanol fuels can be exploited to emphasize vehicle fuel economy rather than vehicle performance. The results of the tests performed indicated fuel economy improvements of up to 21% at steady highway speeds, and almost 20% on the US Environmental Protection Agency`s federal test procedure city and highway cycles.

  2. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA- Hybrid Electric Vehicles Performance and Testing Data

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) uses standard procedures and test specifications to test and collect data from vehicles on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. This page provides data on the hybrid electric versions of the Volkswagen Jetta, Ford C-Max, Chevrolet Malibu, Honda Civic, Hyundai Sonata, Honda CRZ, Honda Civic with Advanced Experimental Ultra Lead Acid Battery, Mercedes Benz, Toyota Prius Gen III, Ford Fusion, Honda Insight and Honda CR-Z.

  3. Evaluating Ascorbate Oxidase as a Plant Defense Against Leaf-Chewing Insects Using Transgenic Poplar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Constabel, Peter

    Received: 10 June 2008 /Revised: 31 July 2008 /Accepted: 12 August 2008 /Published online: 5 September 2008. Constabel Centre for Forest Biology and Department of Biology, University of Victoria, P.O. Box 3020, Stn CSC, Victoria, British Columbia V8W 3N5, Canada A. K. Kanellis Group of Biotechnology

  4. A message-size optimal routing in faulty leaf-ringed binary trees

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ullah, Muhammed Zafar

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , but not the least, I thank my wife, Sultana Begum, for her constant encouragement, concern and love. ABSTRACT . DEDICATION . . TABLE OF CONTENTS Page 1V ACKNOWLEDGEMENT. TABLE OF CONTENTS . . LIST OF FIGURES LIST OF TABLES . CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION . A...

  5. E-Print Network 3.0 - almond leaf scorch Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Environmental Sciences and Ecology 98 Resource Assessment of Three Candidate Biomass Feedstocks for Hydrogen Production Summary: ......

  6. Author's personal copy Defense gene expression induced by a coffee-leaf extract formulation in tomato

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paré, Paul W.

    vesicatoria [40]. Bacterial spot control requires the use of both agrochemicals and plant resistance. Although the main agrochemicals strepto- mycin sulfate and copper-based products have proven to be efficacious, due

  7. Anatomy of chewed leaf blade particles of Cenchrus ciliaris and Lolium perenne in relation to digestion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    to digestion D Wilman P Rezvani Moghaddam Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Wales, Aberystwyth on the rate and extent of digestion of forage by ruminants (Wilson, 1993, Chapter 1 of Forage Cell Wall Structure and Digestibility, eds HG Jung et al, American Society of Agronomy). There are large differences

  8. Leaf dynamics of little bluestem and brownseed paspalum in response to herbivory 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Joel Raymond

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of differences in parameters of interest be- tween treatments, locations, and replications were tested using the General Linear Model proceduce of :. ati sti cal Analysis System (He)wig and Council 1979). Duncans's New Multiple Range Test (Snedecor...

  9. Determining Genetic Overlap between Staygreen, Leaf Wax and Canopy Temperature Depression in Sorghum RILs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Awika, Henry

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    -CTD wl-EWL w-lFT cx-CTD cx-EWL cx-FT gh-CTD 1.00 0.86* -0.09 0.30* 0.58* 0.22* 0.04 0.80* -0.12 0.28* 0.40* -0.10 gh-EWL 1.00 -0.04 0.38* 0.65* 0.12 0.19 0.87* -0.02 0.24* 0.49* -0.07 gh-FT 1.00 -0.10 -0.06 0.07 -0.24* -0.01 0.39* 0.25* 0.06 0...-EWL 1.00 -0.07 0.35* 0.62* -0.16 wl-FT 1.00 0.38* -0.21* 0.60* cx-CTD 1.00 0.57* 0.56* cx-EWL 1.00 0.29* cxFT 1.00 ? 3 phenotypic values are represented in columns...

  10. Leaf traits and foliar CO2 exchange in a Peruvian tropical montane cloud forest 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van de Weg, Marjan

    2011-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Tropical montane cloud forests (TMCF) are one of the most fascinating, but least understood ecosystems in the world, and the interest in the carbon (C) cycle of TMCFs with regard to carbon sequestration and storage ...

  11. Establishing a grassland signature in veins: 18 leaf water of C3 and C4 grasses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ehleringer, Jim

    of terrestrial carbon fluxes. The evaporative isotopic enrichment of 18 O in surface waters (such as lakes undergo an isotopic enrichment during transpiration (2­5). Application of the Craig­Gordon model to leaves. Helliker* and James R. Ehleringer Stable Isotope Ratio Facility for Environmental Research, 257 S. 1400 E

  12. Leaf dynamics, stemflow and throughfall water and nutrient inputs in a subtropical savanna parkland, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Angerer, Jay Peter

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for K, followed by Mg, P, N and Ca. Annual throughfall and stemflow inputs (both nutrients and water) differed among clusters as a result of differing shrub cluster size, total canopy area, and species composition. Throughfall generally made up 97... of Shrub Clusters Plant abundance and size Biomass above BTF collectors Potential Leachability Calcium Magnesium Potassium Nitrogen Phosphorus Bulk Precipitation and Bulk Throughfall Chemistry Nutrient concentrations Regression relationships...

  13. A major gene for leaf cadmium accumulation in maize (Zea mays L.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soric, Roberta; Loncaric, Zdenko; Kovacevic, Vlado; Brkic, Ivan; Simic, Domagoj

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    programs to select low Cd accumulators in maize. This can beselection for high Cd (hyper)accumulators in maize can be of

  14. The effects of transplanting stress on photosynthesis, stomatal conductance and leaf water potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    and Natural Resources, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, 141 004 India Introduction Artificial forest in polyethylene bags (16 x 60 cm) containing sphagnum peat and were maintained well-watered. One yr later

  15. Impact Assessment of Satellite-Derived Leaf Area Index Datasets Using a General Circulation Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xue, Yongkang

    source (i.e., Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer measurements) on a general circulation model: 10.1175/JCLI4054.1 © 2007 American Meteorological Society #12;Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR radiative energy into latent and sensible heat fluxes, which results in discernable warming and decrease

  16. Leaf gas exchange and carbohydrate concentrations in Pinus pinaster plants subjected to elevated CO2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    to elevated CO2 and a soil drying cycle Catherine Picon-Cochard Jean-Marc Guehl Unité de recherches en.) were acclimated for 2 years under ambient (350 ?mol mol-1)and elevated (700 ?mol mol-1) CO2 concentrations ([CO2]). In the summer of the second growing season, the plants were subjected to a soil drying

  17. Identification and correction of spectral contamination in 2 O measured in leaf, stem, and soil water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    ratio mass spectrometry (IRMS). Deionized water was spiked with methanol and ethanol to create IRIS method were 0.18% for d18 O, and Ã?3.39% for d2 H. The inability to create an ethanol correction curve for d2 H probably caused the larger discrepancies. We conclude that ethanol and methanol

  18. Phytologia (April 2012) 94(1)40 VARIATION IN LEAF ESSENTIAL OILS, DNA SEQUENCES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    . 20 de Noviembre II, Durango, Dgo., 34220 Mexico and Thomas A. Zanoni New York Botanical Garden, 200th-52 (April 2, 2012). KEY WORDS: Juniperus durangensis, J. durangensis var. topiensis, terpenes, nrDNA, pet rocky volcanic substrate, in Sierra Madre Occidental, a mountain range of western Mexico from Sonora

  19. Dematiocladium celtidis gen. sp. nov. (Nectriaceae, Hypocreales), a new genus from Celtis leaf litter in Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    litter in Argentina Pedro W. CROUS2 *, Natalia ALLEGRUCCI1 , Ange´ lica Margarita ARAMBARRI1 , Mari Plata, Argentina. 2 Centraalbureau voor Schimmelcultures, P.O. Box 85167, 3508 AD, Utrecht of Celtis tala in Argentina had rDNA sequence data (ITS and LSU) that showed it resides in the Hypocreales

  20. Discussing the Leaf of Allah: Linguistic Aspects of Qat Culture in Harar, Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carmichael, Tim

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Qat Culture in Harlir, Ethiopia· Tim Carmichael ''"H· ar "i.and its use in Hariir, Ethiopia, historically the premierleaf-based on research in Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Yemen

  1. PRIMARY RESEARCH PAPER Effects of travertine and flow on leaf retention

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marks, Jane

    retention. Travertine, or calcium carbonate (CaCO3), is a mineral precipitate deposited when turbulence- induced CO2 out-gassing shifts the bicarbonate equilibrium, causing CaCO3 to deposit in the stream channel-fed, karst streams with supersaturated levels of CaCO3 (frequently 5­10 times saturation with respect

  2. A leaf isn't just beautiful-it is also a powerhouse. With only...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    prototype solar-fuels generator made of Earth-abundant elements. Along the way, JCAP must advance highly promising scientific research to the point at which a new manufacturable...

  3. Response of in situ leaf psychrometer to cuticle removal by abrasion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campbell, Colin S

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , Cristine Smith, and Russ Gesch, for their help and advice on the project I thank my friends, David "Stilts" Wilson, Brett "Fat" Mumford, and Gordon "Go Cougs" Gates for their advice and support I also thank Cecily Dixon and lqatalie Gates for help...

  4. Biochemistry of ethylene in plants and other problems related to leaf abscission 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrero, Fay Alberto

    1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    L IBRARY * & M COLLEGE OF TEXAS *&MCOLE&GFTX MA LFOXSLwL &w eSrwFG rwa MFOLT eTM*SLEG TLSrFLa FM SLrA r*GC&GG&Mw co ArX rS*LTFM OLTTLTM r adiing,t,dmh Gscld,,nv ,m ,?n ?gtvst,n G??mm? m? ,?n r?gd?s?,sgt? thv En??thd?t? Cm??n?n m? Fn?ti dh... ?tg,dt? ?s??d??lnh, m? ,?n gn?sdgnlnh,i ?mg ,?n vn?gnn m? aMCFMT MA eO&SMGMeOX ?thstgo ???? Et?mg Gsc?n?,? e?th, e?oidm?m?o *&MCOLE&GFTX MA LFOXSLwL &w eSrwFG rwa MFOLT eTM*SLEG TLSrFLa FM SLrA r*GC&GG&Mw r adiing,t,dmh co ArX rS*LTFM OLTTLTM...

  5. Biochemistry of ethylene in plants and other problems related to leaf abscission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrero, Fay Alberto

    1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ?s?t,dh? ?gm?ng,dni m? ,?n n ? , g t ? , i?????????????????????? ?? L??ngdlnh,i ?d,? is?gmin thv &rr ? ?? Cmh?nh,gt,dmh n??ngdlnh,i ?d,? &rr ?? L??ngdlnh,i ?d,? w r r????????????? ?? L??ngdlnh,i ?d,? aCe thv wrr ? ? ? ?? L??ngdlnh,i ?d,? F & * r... and responses in plants (3). This is not surprising when it is considered that both are capable of influencing a number of basic enzyme systems, among which ,?min dh?m??nv dh ,?n gni?dgt,mgo t?,d?d,dni tgn ?gn?nldhnh,? r, ,?n ?gninh, ,dln? ,?n gn?t,dmhi?d? cn...

  6. Get Ready for Fall: Leaf Peeping, Staying Warm, and Saving Money...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    save money. The site provides a list of simple no-cost and low-cost things you can do to save energy in cool weather. In addition, you can learn about conducting energy audits and...

  7. Tropical forests are both evolutionary cradles and museums of leaf beetle diversity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Brian D.

    in the genus Cephaloleia, we present evidence for (i) comparatively ancient Paleocene­Eocene adaptive radiation-specific diversification coincident with the Oligocene adaptive radiation of Cephaloleia host plants in the genus Heliconia, and (iii) relatively recent Miocene­Pliocene diver- sification coincident with the collision of the Panama

  8. Thermal acclimation of leaf respiration of tropical trees and lianas: response to experimental canopy warming,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lichstein, Jeremy W.

    vegetation models (DGVMs) and Earth system models (Friedlingstein et al., 2006; Ahlstrom et al., 2012

  9. Leaf damage has weak effects on growth and fecundity of common ragweed (Ambrosia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    artemisiifolia L.), which is known to have lost insect herbivores while invading Europe. We clipped leaves, and measured the consequences for growth and reproduction. Stem biomass was only reduced by defoliation far damaged plants maintained seed production by allocating relatively more aboveground biomass

  10. ORIGINAL PAPER Is the ranking of poplar genotypes for leaf carbon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    can play an important role for sustainable production of woody biomass to cover renewable energy needs and Populus deltoides × Populus trichocarpa) were grown at two sites in Europe, i.e. northern Italy According to the European Energy Directive, biomass will be the major renewable fuel resource by 2020 (COM

  11. Inheritance of flower, stem, leaf, and disease traits in three diploid interspecific rose populations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shupert, David Andrew

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Station and Overton, Texas. Reported modes of inheritance for flower color (pink co-dominant to white), flower form (double dominant to single), and stem prickles (prickles dominant to no prickles) agree with the results in this study. The segregation...

  12. Determining Genetic Overlap between Staygreen, Leaf Wax and Canopy Temperature Depression in Sorghum RILs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Awika, Henry

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    in this project. The support from the department colleagues, faculty and staff has been an integral part of my wholesome experience at Texas A&M University. Special thanks also go to the Institute of Plant Genomics and Biotechnology, the Texas A&M Agri... length polymorphism SS Sum of squares SSR Single sequence repeats Stg Staygreen TD Temperature depression vii TABLE OF CONTENTS Page ABSTRACT?????????????????????????????????????? iii DEDICATION...

  13. Growth, spore germination and infection studies on a peanut leaf-spot fungus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Das, Gopinath

    1951-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , iooording to tho other Lncestlgators different noxphoiLogLoal faxcxe of this foe+Re bAwe been ro~ Soseverc after oxeainatilgl of tho oxganbw g. sFecd~dL~~ cchioh nas orlginaoy deeoribod in 1917 by Hoxi in depone it cess suggested that this fonyu ie also...

  14. Molecular Characterization of Durable Yellow and Leaf Rust Resistance in Two Wheat Populations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basnet, Bhoja

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    , characterize and utilize Adult Plant Resistance (APR), a.k.a. slow rusting resistance, in wheat germplasm to promote durability of resistance against rust. The objectives of this study were to 1) understand the genetics of APR to YR and/or LR present in two...

  15. Specific Changes in Leaf Characteristics of Two Bean Genotypes as Affected by Zn Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacisalihoglu, Gokhan; Lampley, Aja

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    INTRODUCTION Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L. ) is grown1995). However, certain bean genotypes evolved survival andlocalized mechanisms in common beans (Hacisalihoglu et al. ,

  16. Leaf physiological responses to extreme droughts in Mediterranean Quercus ilex forestpce_2193 1898..1910

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Letts, Matthew

    , Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada, T1K 3M4 ABSTRACT Global climate change is expected to result in more fre- quent parameterizations for modelling applications. Key-words: climate change; maximum carboxylation rate; mesophyll of the Mediterranean region (Gao, Pal & Giorgi 2006; Giorgi & Lionello 2008; Somot et al. 2008). These changes would

  17. In vitro propagation and chimeral traits of Cryptanthus 'Marian Oppenheimer' (wide leaf clone)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koh, Yong Cheong

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    can be a big problem, especially for woody plants. In his review of plant tissue culture contamination, Cassells (1991) hsted 32 bacteria and 6 moHicute genera which are associated with plants. Microorganisms may be present on the surface of a plant... for every plant. Saintpaulia and tomatoe plantlets can be transplanted ex vitro directly from stage 2 (Read and Debergh, 1991) and thus enabling the plant producer to save expense in the operation. Preece and Sutter (1991) reported that in vitro rooting...

  18. Sympodial Construction of Fibonacci-type Leaf Rosettes in Pinguicula moranensis (Lentibulariaceae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zürich, Universität

    ) VALENTIN GROB, EVELIN PFEIFER and ROLF RUTISHAUSER* Institute of Systematic Botany, Uiversity of Zu

  19. Impact of Simulated Changes in Water Table Depth on Ex Situ Decomposition of Leaf Litter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    Received: 12 July 2012 /Accepted: 18 December 2012 /Published online: 18 January 2013 # Society of Wetland peatland. The non-flooded treatment reduced the mass remaining after 14 months from 84 to 81 % for Raphia. The non- flooded treatment substantially reduced the quantity of C remaining in the residue fraction

  20. Fact #737: July 23, 2012 Upstream Emissions for Nissan Leaf | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport in RepresentativeDepartment ofDepartment ofof Energy 1:Petroleum

  1. Papua New Guinea-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorthOlympiaAnalysis) JumpPalcan s

  2. Laos-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou NewKoreaLaor Batteries Ltd Jump to:Developing

  3. Drive Cycle Powertrain Efficiencies and Trends Derived From EPA Vehicle Dynamometer Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas, John F [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Vehicle manufacturers among others are putting great emphasis on improving fuel economy (FE) of light-duty vehicles in the U.S. market, with significant FE gains being realized in recent years. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) data indicates that the aggregate FE of vehicles produced for the U.S. market has improved by over 20% from model year (MY) 2005 to 2013. This steep climb in FE includes changes in vehicle choice, improvements in engine and transmission technology, and reducing aerodynamic drag, rolling resistance, and parasitic losses. The powertrain related improvements focus on optimizing in-use efficiency of the transmission and engine as a system, and may make use of what is termed downsizing and/or downspeeding. This study explores quantifying recent improvements in powertrain efficiency, viewed separately from other vehicle alterations and attributes (noting that most vehicle changes are not completely independent). A methodology is outlined to estimate powertrain efficiency for the U.S city and highway cycle tests using data from the EPA vehicle database. Comparisons of common conventional gasoline powertrains for similar MY 2005 and 2013 vehicles are presented, along with results for late-model hybrid electric vehicles, the Nissan Leaf, Chevy Volt and other selected vehicles.

  4. Slide 1

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Volts) * Demonstrate HT power controller using discrete devices - Using HT devices: * SOI control circuits - 240 C * SiC Power devices - 300 C * Establish commercialization path to...

  5. Data:C3bedd6e-ceb8-4f91-9e29-097f8d28f7a3 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rate Sector: Description: *Specifically available for use by the City's Water and Wastewater Departments. Character of service:120240, 120208, 208, 240, 480 Volt Alternating...

  6. Conference Proceedings Available - The Smart Grid Experience...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    the Grid Through Integration Conservation and Optimization via VoltVar Control Systems Driving the Integrated Grid - Including DMS, DA, DERMS, DRMS Communications and Cyber...

  7. A Power Control System for a Paper Mill

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richter, G. H.; Keenon, D.

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    produced from southern pine. Power was furnished by two (2) 2400 volt, 7.5 MVA steam turbines. In 1948, the second newsprint machine was added and two (2) 6900 volt, 12.5 MVA steam turbines were added to the system. In 1956, the third machine... was installed and two (2) 15 MVA, 6900 volt, steam turbine generators were added to the system. Also a 50 MVA tie was completed with the utility, l32KV to 6900 volts. In 1968, a 18 MVA, l3.8KV gas trubine generator was added to the system. DESIGN CONCEPT...

  8. Data:82dcee04-6625-42e3-9dab-e2bd92109e7a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (Utility Company) Effective date: 20100901 End date if known: Rate name: School Schedule SCH Rate(Customer Transformer Ownership- 34500 volts) Sector: Description:...

  9. Data:9970d146-f511-4547-a341-576390470551 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (Utility Company) Effective date: 20100901 End date if known: Rate name: School Schedule SCH Rate(Customer Transformer Ownership- 24004160 volts) Sector:...

  10. Data:C72831bd-0270-4637-b11c-f0cb64a5ee1d | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (Utility Company) Effective date: 20100901 End date if known: Rate name: School Schedule SCH Rate(Customer Transformer Ownership- 13800 volts) Sector: Description:...

  11. Improved design of a direct-coupled electronic titrimeter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Lonzie Albert

    1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Figure 1. DIRECT-COUPLED AMPLIFIER The cathode and grid of a tube (Fig. 1) may be employed as input terminals. Ths single-ends 1 output volta-s is much more sensitive to changes in difference of cathode and grid potent1als than to changes 1n... 21Q volts, and vill change by only 4 volts as the level of the inputs to the grids is changed from 0 to lSQ volts, thc chan c bein caused by a 5, 5 per cent va. iation of the total current, The volts. , e sensitivity, using the meter as a null...

  12. Orange and Rockland Case Study

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    capital expenditures, (3) operational savings, (4) lower electricity costs, and (5) lower electricity consumption and environmental emissions through voltage and volt-amperes...

  13. (Press Release, Video, Press Event, Other)","Text of Major Communicati...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    12-Billion Electron Volt Upgrade of the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF) in Newport News, Virginia....

  14. ASD Facility Hazard Analysis Document - Building 400

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Additional Safety Tool References DC Power Supplies DC voltages < 72 Volts DC currents < 450 Amps Lifting < 75 lbs Supplies mounted in NEMA enclosures Rack doors locked Power...

  15. Data:99f9130f-d339-48c5-8078-430fb4e3041c | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    or governmental authority where 120-volt service exists. The cost of service provides for electricity only from existing Northeastern REMC (Northeastern) facilities. Any investment...

  16. Western Meter Policy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    as Western) VAC Voltage Alternating Current VAR, Mvar Volt-Ampere-Reactive (Instantaneous Reactive Power), Mega-Var VDC Voltage Direct Current Western Area Power Administration...

  17. Design and installation of continuous flow and water quality monitoring stations to improve water quality forecasting in the lower San Joaquin River

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quinn, Nigel W.T.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    flows from Marshall Road Reservoir. Solar Panel with 12-voltflows from Marshall Road Reservoir. Solar Panel with 12-voltRoad within the West Stanislaus Irrigation District Solar

  18. Data:17a498bd-78d4-4303-96c7-e692724b2cee | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    voltage (7,20012,470 volts) or higher and the Member owns and maintains all transformers, switching, and protective equipment, and can control peak load during periods when...

  19. Preliminary Notice of Violation, Pacific Data Electric, Inc....

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    (10 C.F.R. 851) relating to a 277-volt electrical shock received by a PDE apprentice electrician at DOE's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Preliminary Notice of...

  20. Reports on Initial Results of Smart Grid Investment Grant Projects...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    and time-based rates; adding advanced voltage and volt-ampere reactive (VAR) optimization (VVO) technologies; and installing advanced metering infrastructure (AMI). For more...

  1. Storm detection by electronic means

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wooten, Allen Dewey

    1949-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    equivalent circuit (figure 5), 14 ~744 r 50, 000 + r r = 7uu ouu ? 17u irrr 4. 1 Thus, the applied sigr 1 eg is not 245 volts, but 14 volts. This signal voltage is sufficient to cause Eb to drop froia 390 volts to 290 volts. I'Loni. , lly, C402 (Figure 3... and Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the deEree of MASTER OF SCIENCE IN ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING 1949 CONTENTS Introduction Theoretic. . l Consideration oi' Radar Storm Detection II. Extending =ffective R~ge of Radar...

  2. Synthesis and Characterization of Hybrid Metal-Metal and Metal-Oxide Nanostructure Decorated Single Walled Carbon Nanotube Devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hernandez, Sandra Catalina

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pd source, -0.5 volts versus the Ag/AgCl reference electrodePd source, -1.0 volts versus the Ag/AgCl reference electrodePd/Au/SWNT structures, with palladium sequentially deposited at -1.2 V versus pseudo Ag/AgCl reference electrode

  3. International Journal of Mass Spectrometty and Zon Processes, 75 (1987) 181-208 Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam -Printed in The Netherlands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wysocki, Vicki H.

    is characterized by a finite probability of depositing very high energies; (iv) the average energy of fragmenting;182 Furthermore, there are practical advantages to controlling ion internal energy in mass spectrometry-phase target in the high-energy (kiloelectron volt) [20,25-291 and low-energy (electron volt) [20,30-331 ranges

  4. Testing and Evaluation of a Power Factor Correction for Power-Savings Potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alotaibi, A.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    was then reduced from 13.9 to 3.0 kVAR (kilo volts amps reactive), the apparent power was decreased from 17.5 to 11.0 kVA (kilo volts amps). and the current was reduced from 23.4 to 14.5 amps. The Ministry of Electricity & Water (MEW) in Kuwait is expected...

  5. 70 Home Power #65 June / July 1998 Code Corner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Eric E.

    (PV, batteries, and inverter) in one location and then run the 120-volt or 120/240-volt output-connected home for grounding the service entrance conductors. At the PV/inverter location, there is a bond that is used to provide overcurrent protection for the inverter output. PV Array & Batteries Inverter H N EG

  6. Description: Lithium batteries are used daily in our work

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Description: Lithium batteries are used daily in our work activities from flashlights, cell phones containing one SureFire 3-volt non-rechargeable 123 lithium battery and one Interstate 3-volt non-rechargeable 123 lithium battery. A Garage Mechanic had the SureFire flashlight in his shirt pocket with the lens

  7. 10-MWe solar-thermal central-receiver pilot plant, solar-facilities design integration: plant-support subsystem procurement documentation (RADL Item 7-44D)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purchase specifications are given for the specific long lead items to be procured for the 10 MWe Solar Pilot Plant. The hardware is grouped into two categories: 480 Volt Load Center and 480 Volt Motor Control Centers; and Power, Control and Instrumentation Cable. The purchase orders for each procurement are included. Need dates for each item are identified. (LEW)

  8. 74 Home Power #48 August / September 1995 Code Corner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Eric E.

    Array Size: 40, 12-volt, 53-watt modules Isc = 3.4 amps, Voc = 21.7 volts Batteries: 1000 amp mounted on a custom single-axis tracker. The eight modules are wired in series and parallel for this 24 the batteries operating below 90% state of charge. The batteries are fully charged once a week. DC loads consist

  9. The Off-Road Axle Detection Sensor (ORADS) is a dual-beam co-axial laser radar (LADAR) sensor that measures lane position and passage of vehicle tires to determine axle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prevedouros, Panos D.

    to the lid of the unit. The solar panel provides auxiliary power to charge the internal battery during amp- hour, 12 volt battery. The ORADS is also equipped with a 12-watt, 12 volt solar panel attached daylight operation. The IRD TCC-550 also uses an internal battery. Both units come with a cable and a port

  10. Thursday, February 7, 2013 Michael Smith Laboratories, Lecture Theatre

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Handy, Todd C.

    -ve/ Cars: Chevy Volt Battery caught fire Government Investigates GMs` electric cars. Computer: Dell laptop://seattletimes.com/html/businesstechnology/2020078443_787firexml.html Forbes: http://www.forbes.com/sites/jimhenry/2011/12/12/chevy-volt-battery-fires-threaten-all-electric

  11. Foliar water uptake: a common water acquisition strategy for plants of the redwood forest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Limm, Emily Burns; Simonin, Kevin A.; Bothman, Aron G.; Dawson, Todd E.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To measure whether residual water on the leaf surfaceand drying quanti?ed residual water on the leaf surface. Wesubmergence including residual water on the leaf surface. We

  12. Dehydrated alfalfa leaf meal as a source of vitamin K and unidentified factors for the mature fowl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobs, Richard Lewis

    1953-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    live weIght at the end of the experiment. Morris (1946) fed meshes contaIning 17, 21, and 32 percent protein In the pellsted and unpelleted forms under different feeding systems. He found little difference in egg productIon but uniformly heavier... wera removed on candl1ng were broken and the age of dead embryos was ast1msted. All abnormal1ties were recorded An egg from each hen was collected monthly for microb1ological assay determinat1ons of folic ac1d, panto- thenic acid, v1tamin BI2 end...

  13. Solution structure and functional analysis of a frameshift-stimulating RNA pseudoknot from sugarcane yellow leaf virus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cornish, Peter Verle

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Plant luteoviral RNA viruses employ -1 frameshifting for the production of P1 and P1-P2 fusion proteins important for viral replication. Luteoviral pseudoknots are characterized by three adenosines in the 3' side of loop L2 known to be important...

  14. A comparison of empirical and neural network approaches for estimating corn and soybean leaf area index from Landsat ETM+ imagery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Shunlin

    for applications such as global climate change predictions. Accurate estimates of LAI can also be used to compen , Hongliang Fangc , Shunlin Liangc a USDA-ARS Hydrology and Remote Sensing Laboratory, Building 007, BARC) empirical methods employing the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and a new SVI that uses green

  15. Alfalfa leaf meal for market and breeder hen turkeys. Quarterly progress report, July 1, 1997--September 30, 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A sample of ALM became available for testing in October, 1996. The sample was in pelleted form and contained 24.2% crude protein and a gross energy content of 4102 kcal/kg (as fed basis). To determine available energy, the true metabolizable energy assay as developed by Sibbald. The T.M.E. system of feed evaluation, A.R.C. No. 83-1, Research Branch, Ottawa, Canada, was used with some modifications as described below. As the ALM was in pellets too large to feed, the ALM pellets were crumbled or finely reground for the test. Young turkeys (6 wks of age, Nicholas females) were placed in individual cages and allowed to acclimate for 5 days. The turkeys weighed 2.4 kg. The turkeys were fasted for 40 hrs and precision fed 36 g of either crumbled (C) or finely (F) reground ALM. Due to the larger volume of the fine ground ALM, a smaller portion was fed and averaged 28 g. The control turkeys received an equivalent amount of glucose. There were 6 replicates for each ALM source and control turkeys. Excreta was collected for 60 hrs after feeding, consistent with recommendations for a longer collection period for fibrous materials. After the collection period ended, the excreta was quantitatively collected and all material was freeze dried. Each sample was allowed to reach equilibrium with atmospheric conditions and then weighed. The excreta was finely ground and analyzed for moisture, protein and gross energy. Samples of the fed ALM were treated in a similar manner. The true metabolizable energy content (nitrogen corrected) of the C and F ALM was 10 12 (SE 50) and 1578 (SE 159) kcal/kg, respectively. Form of ALM significantly affected TME value (P<.01). The difference in TMEn due to form was most likely due to the difference in amount fed. The crumbled form of ALM allowed the full amount to be fed and could have changed passage rate of the ALM through the digestive tract. When the TMEn of the F ALM is adjusted for dry matter content, the value is 1679 kcal/kg dry matter.

  16. Summary. Microclimatic conditions in the giant nests of the leaf-cutting ant Atta vollenweideri were experimentally

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Menzel, Randolf - Institut für Biologie

    established, a nest reaches an average age of about 10 years (Jonkman, 1978; Jonkman, 1980a). Without nest

  17. Hydraulic constraints on photosynthesis in subtropical evergreen broad leaf forest and pine woodland trees of the Florida Everglades

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Tim J.; Luton, Corene D.; Santiago, Louis S.; Goldstein, Guillermo

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PAPER Hydraulic constraints on photosynthesis in subtropicalwater transport and photosynthesis represents the trade-offwater transport and photosynthesis to evaluate hydraulic

  18. Photosynthesis of a temperate fallow C3 herbaceous ecosystem: measurements and model simulations at the leaf and canopy levels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    - 1 - Photosynthesis of a temperate fallow C3 herbaceous ecosystem: measurements and model, 31057 Toulouse Cedex 1, France Abstract The objectives of the study were to characterize photosynthesis of temperate fallow C3 herbaceous species and examine the performance of a simple photosynthesis model (based

  19. absorption properties of leaf with minimum scattering contribu-tion. In order to minimize the scattering contribution due to air

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bass, Hank W.

    , FLORIDA Florida State University Tom Thumb, a useful popcorn --Bass, HW, Kang, LC, Eyzaguirre, A We have mother cells and found them to be suitable for FISH and immunocytochemical analysis of meiotic prophase. Figure 2 shows that telomeres and several knobs can be detected by 3D FISH carried out as previously

  20. vol. 152, no. 6 the american naturalist december 1998 Leaf Size, Sapling Allometry, and Corner's Rules: Phylogeny

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donoghue, Michael

    constellations thatcovary in forest spacer (ITS) sequences. Bivariate correlations and multivariate trees. First similar in magnitude for ahistorical and independent the allometry of sapling crown dimensions in relation; and canopy dimensions emphasize the need for integrated theories King 1981, 1990, 1991; Givnish 1986, 1988

  1. TWO COEXISTING, PERMINERALIZED ALETHOPTERIS MORPHOLOGIES FROM IOWA AND A NEW METHOD FOR DIFFERENTIATING THEM BASED ON LEAF GEOMETRY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehner, Matthew

    2011-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

    -fern tree, based on a series of orthogonal cross-sections of the leaflets, which are preserved in coal balls. The coal balls, which are chunks of coal saturated in calcium carbonate, were recovered from the Williamson No. 3 Mine in Lucas County, Iowa................................................................13 Background on coal-balls from Williamson #3 mine...................13 Methods........................................................................................14 III RESULTS...

  2. Phytologia (Oct. 1, 2014) 96(4)252 Comparison of volatile leaf terpenoids from Lippia dulcis (Verbenaceae) obtained by steam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    (Verbenaceae) obtained by steam distillation and pentane liquid extraction Robert P. Adams Biology Department, Prairie View, TX 77446 ABSTRACT Comparison of pentane extraction and steam distillation of intact leaves to be due to the different effects of pentane solvent on intact leaves (vs. steam volatilization

  3. Data:B9c50607-9a89-4b97-9a63-78b0867802f9 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to determine the monthly bill: Leaf No. 60 Fuel Cost Adjustment Rider, Leaf No. 62 Energy Efficiency Rider, Leaf No. 64 Existing DSM Program Costs Adjustment Rider, Leaf No. 77...

  4. Data:A90232b6-a6ab-4c0d-bf2d-dbaa5e34a449 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to determine the monthly bill: Leaf No. 60 Fuel Cost Adjustment Rider, Leaf No. 62 Energy Efficiency Rider, Leaf No. 64 Existing DSM Program Costs Adjustment Rider, Leaf No. 77...

  5. A study of contact resistance as applied to resistance commutation of D.C. dynamos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Little, Leroy Eugene

    1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    voltage drop. The K volt- age varies with the pressure as seen from the ]AC"BA-45 curves. This voltage has a simple harmonic behavior when the brushes are operated at pressures between 3 and 5 psi. The H voltage has the characteristics of an arc.... INTRODUCTION Many early investigators cited the close relation- ship between the volt aspera characteristics of brush contacts 112 and the volt aapere characteristics oi electrical arcs. This led to the theory that all of the current is carried across...

  6. Plotting vectors on a cathode ray oscilloscope

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foster, Kenneth William

    1950-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    + outlet 4. 6. 8 volt filaments 6. 6 ~ S volt filaments 6. On - Off switoh 7. Phone Jack for input voltage measurement 8. Choke in power supply 9. Power transformer 10 s 6SN7 11 ~ SU4 Rectifier Tube 12. Stage 1 bi s oontrol 18. St~gs 2 bias... Volt jhkagnitudss. . 33 Figure 17. Potentiometer Tapers. ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 37 III ~ IHTROWO Tl 05 In a great many electrical engineering problems and other types of problems where the variables may be expressed as currents and voltages, the veotor is used...

  7. An experimental investigation of thermal contact conductance across carbon fiber/epoxy resin composites as a function of interface pressure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhoades, Michael Everett

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    assembly. 30 Thermocouple locations ate shown in Figure 12. The insulated constantan portion of the thermocouple wire was used for all heater wires. The monitored power supply to the central heater was output by a Hewlett-Packard HP-IB 6633A DC System... rated at 50 volts and 2 amps. This was regulated to+/-0. 0001 W. A Hewlett-Packard 6206B DC power source, rated at 30 volts and 1 amp, supplied power to the guard heater. An HP 6206A DC power source, rated at 40 volts and 0. 75 amps, supplied power...

  8. Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Cars

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2013-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The General Motors and DOE cooperative agreement program DE-EE0003379 is completed. The program has integrated and demonstrated a lean-stratified gasoline engine, a lean aftertreatment system, a 12V Stop/Start system and an Active Thermal Management system along with the necessary controls that significantly improves fuel efficiency for small cars. The fuel economy objective of an increase of 25% over a 2010 Chevrolet Malibu and the emission objective of EPA T2B2 compliance have been accomplished. A brief review of the program, summarized from the narrative is: The program accelerates development and synergistic integration of four cost competitive technologies to improve fuel economy of a light-duty vehicle by at least 25% while meeting Tier 2 Bin 2 emissions standards. These technologies can be broadly implemented across the U.S. light-duty vehicle product line between 2015 and 2025 and are compatible with future and renewable biofuels. The technologies in this program are: lean combustion, innovative passive selective catalyst reduction lean aftertreatment, 12V stop/start and active thermal management. The technologies will be calibrated in a 2010 Chevrolet Malibu mid-size sedan for final fuel economy demonstration.

  9. Corso di Chimica e Fisica Generali per Biotecnologie Esame scritto, modulo di Fisica 1 15 Giugno 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giannozzi, Paolo

    media sviluppata. Problema 2 (7 punti) Un disco metallico A ruota liberamente intorno all'asse verticale 9 volte quello del disco A, `e disposto sullo stesso asse, fermo, ad una certa distanza. Il disco B

  10. Pyroelectric Electron Acceleration: Improvements and Future Applications Jeffrey A. Geuther, Yaron Danon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danon, Yaron

    -volt battery, as demonstrated by Amptek's Cool-X x-ray device3 . When heated or cooled, pyroelectric crystals and characterization. This report summarizes our results, with emphasis on our threefold increase in maximum x

  11. Pages 38-87 of Penney

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in ohms) of the resistors and the voltages (measured in volts) of the batteries ... both the current ?ow through the resistor and the + to ~ direction of the battery are

  12. anti-igg solid screen: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Compatible with integrated circuits, they need only BCD input signals and five-volt power to display any numeral from 0 to 9 in an array of bright red dots. C. Borden; Gerald...

  13. Data:8b31a736-c3be-4d6b-a04c-8533e93123f6 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    60 hertz, nominally at l20 volts. Source or reference: http:www.uppco.comcompanytariffsUD2D59.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum...

  14. Emilio Mendez Director, Center for Functional Nanomaterials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Homes, Christopher C.

    density of today's Power Density and Energy StoragePower Density and Energy Storage 200 years #12;(V-in Hybrid (2011) -- Volt All Electric -- Tesla ICE + auxiliary electric motor + battery system to recover

  15. A Valuation Problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bozell, Harold V.

    1915-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    switchboards, circuit breakers, switches, ammeters, volt meters, watt meters and the like, ventilator appara- tus and air compressors. EU.12. MISCELLANEOUS POWER PLANT EQUIPMENT: This account includes the cost of all miscellaneous equipment at power plants...

  16. Characterization of diffuse emissions from the Clinton P. Anderson Meson Physics Facility (LAMPF), Los Alamos National Laboratory, New Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montgomery, Noel Davis

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Clinton P. Anderson Meson Physics Facility (LAMPF) is an 800 megaelectron volt (MeV) proton accelerator operated by the University of California for the United States Department of Energy (DOE). The accelerator produces activation products...

  17. Data:A563ad4a-6f47-40bd-9bfa-d67a6d66a93d | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    which may interfere with service to other customers, or all transformer-type welding machines larger than 25 kilo-volt amperes, will not be served on this rate. Source or...

  18. Data:84e2fa36-5dd3-49d9-9563-8f646c3f8450 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    which may interfere with service to other customers, or all transformer-type welding machines larger than 25 kilo-volt amperes, will not be served on this rate. Source or...

  19. Data:A3c99f85-5e0a-4a80-bbe1-a849f9a14cb6 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    120240 volts three-wire, or other voltages as might be mutually agreeable. The fuel cost adjustment in dollars per kWh shall be the same as that recently billed to the Fulton...

  20. Data:2ff0a21a-0371-46f8-8da0-b30b702cfffe | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    by the City of Austin. Street Lighting unit burning time is limited to dusk to daylight (approximately 4,400 hrs. per year). CHARACTER OF SERVICE: 120240 Volts, AC, as...

  1. Data:D60e5fe4-2723-479d-b16b-9fabe37583c1 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    by the City of Austin. Street Lighting unit burning time is limited to dusk to daylight (approximately 4,400 hrs. per year). CHARACTER OF SERVICE: 120240 Volts, AC, as...

  2. Data:Acb8608d-9d8c-452c-a65f-0f3d6379a63f | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    by the City of Austin. Street Lighting unit burning time is limited to dusk to daylight (approximately 4,400 hrs. per year). CHARACTER OF SERVICE: 120240 Volts, AC, as...

  3. Data:2d638677-4557-40d1-89df-7d6a59d466fd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    by the City of Austin. Street Lighting unit burning time is limited to dusk to daylight (approximately 4,400 hrs. per year). CHARACTER OF SERVICE: 120240 Volts, AC, as...

  4. Data:Afc1b417-f433-443e-82f0-2a2ca8ab6d04 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    by the City of Austin. Street Lighting unit burning time is limited to dusk to daylight (approximately 4,400 hrs. per year). CHARACTER OF SERVICE: 120240 Volts, AC, as...

  5. Data:8690dc2b-2ca5-41c7-94d0-788802387183 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    private roadway and area lighting. Lighting unit burning time is limited to dusk to daylight (approximately 4,400 hrs. per year). CHARACTER OF SERVICE: 120240 Volts, AC, as...

  6. Data:7cdcb974-419d-4068-9202-3cf2237cc151 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    private roadway and area lighting. Lighting unit burning time is limited to dusk to daylight (approximately 4,400 hrs. per year). CHARACTER OF SERVICE: 120240 Volts, AC, as...

  7. Data:Fdb25b5a-4d4c-4cdd-b504-6226d98e734b | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    by the City of Austin. Street Lighting unit burning time is limited to dusk to daylight (approximately 4,400 hrs. per year). CHARACTER OF SERVICE: 120240 Volts, AC, as...

  8. Data:6ec73deb-5330-4bba-a242-d49083aa5e8a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    by the City of Austin. Street Lighting unit burning time is limited to dusk to daylight (approximately 4,400 hrs. per year). CHARACTER OF SERVICE: 120240 Volts, AC, as...

  9. Data:2e73891b-0fd0-47db-b30b-c006a7367bfe | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    by the City of Austin. Street Lighting unit burning time is limited to dusk to daylight (approximately 4,400 hrs. per year). CHARACTER OF SERVICE: 120240 Volts, AC, as...

  10. Data:8c173bd3-89ef-472a-afca-d6edb5e8f726 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    by the City of Austin. Street Lighting unit burning time is limited to dusk to daylight (approximately 4,400 hrs. per year). CHARACTER OF SERVICE: 120240 Volts, AC, as...

  11. Data:D40d7dc4-95f0-436a-bfef-53c39a360ce3 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    by the City of Austin. Street Lighting unit burning time is limited to dusk to daylight (approximately 4,400 hrs. per year). CHARACTER OF SERVICE: 120240 Volts, AC, as...

  12. Effect of automotive electrical system changes on fuel consumption using incremental efficiency methodology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hardin, Christopher William

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There has been a continuous increase in automotive electric power usage. Future projections show no sign of it decreasing. Therefore, the automotive industry has a need to either improve the current 12 Volt automotive ...

  13. Design and installation of continuous flow and water quality monitoring stations to improve water quality forecasting in the lower San Joaquin River

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quinn, Nigel W.T.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    supplied by battery and solar panel Campbell Scientific CR-supplied by battery and solar panel Campbell Scientific CR-¼ mile south of Hwy 140. Solar Panel with 12-volt battery

  14. Linear Accelerator | Advanced Photon Source

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    photo below). Selective phasing of the electric field accelerates the electrons to 450 million volts (MeV). At 450 MeV, the electrons are relativistic: they are traveling at...

  15. Data:701811d4-2122-4b36-9c14-06cd635a86a2 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    system provided 120 volt service is available within 150 feet of said pole. Transformers will not be installed to serve a lighting fixture. The customer will pay a 100...

  16. Data:E5ce3870-f962-4c32-8fbc-88269e5dc3db | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    system provided 120 volt service is available within 150 feet of said pole. Transformers will not be installed to serve a lighting fixture. The customer will pay a 100...

  17. Data:7b1bbbb1-c89f-4dc9-80b2-d595c68fdea0 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    system provided 120 volt service is available within 150 feet of said pole. Transformers will not be installed to serve a lighting fixture. The customer will pay a 100...

  18. Data:D3e7d4be-3103-4d27-b07c-d851a1645248 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    system provided 120 volt service is available within 150 feet of said pole. Transformers will not be installed to serve a lighting fixture. The customer will pay a 100...

  19. Data:9c1a5630-3439-4568-b744-8c66d8534953 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    system provided 120 volt service is available within 150 feet of said pole. Transformers will not be installed to serve a lighting fixture. The customer will pay a 100...

  20. Data:C6fd5130-934c-4100-882d-1d4bcecbaee5 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    system provided 120 volt service is available within 150 feet of said pole. Transformers will not be installed to serve a lighting fixture. The customer will pay a 100...

  1. Data:Aa7fe379-3efe-4120-ac6c-8d2c0dc012ff | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    system provided 120 volt service is available within 150 feet of said pole. Transformers will not be installed to serve a lighting fixture. The customer will pay a 100...

  2. A FAST OPENING TOROIDAL GAS VALVE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, B.R.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    FIGURE 1. Artists sketch of valve illustrating the dynamicsCross sectional view of valve. FIGURE 3. Oscilloscope recordcm (b) Gauge 5.0 em from valve Top trace; gauge, 0.5 volts/

  3. THE HISTORY AND TECHNICAL EVOLUTION OF HIGH FREQUENCY FLUORESCENT LIGHTING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campbell, John H.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dec. 1953. "Hi-Volt-Cycle Lighting ~ Launched i n a Hi-Wide2, F e b r u a r y , 19 53. "Lighting Your Plant with Highg h Frequency Fluorescent Lighting John H. Campbell December

  4. Alamos National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    are emitted along the direction of the initial laser beam and can reach very high energies, in excess of 50 million electron volts." According to Roth, the new record is...

  5. BTO Awards Small Business Grants for Lighting, Building-Integrated...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    advances in solid-state lighting (SSL) and building-integrated heat and moisture exchange technology: VoltServer, Inc. (Phase II)-Low-Cost, High Efficiency Integration of SSL and...

  6. Electrochimica Acta 52 (2007) 43174324 Porous current collectors for passive direct methanol fuel cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Tianshou

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    experimentally. The measured polarization curves, constant-current discharging behavior and EIS spectra showed in passive DMFCs. Kho et al. [17] investigated the variation in the open circuit volt- age (OCV) and the cell

  7. A high voltage, high current, low error operational amplifier with novel features

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poitzsch, Alec Julius

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This project details the design and evaluation of an operational amplifier designed in XF40, a 40 Volt bipolar process. Initially the signal path circuitry of the amplifier is outlined. Design decisions are chiefly formed ...

  8. Data:0c753bf9-eb33-45ba-9180-36d493b8be56 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to customers receiving service at 575 volts or less on Rate 10 or Rate 21, provided that water heaters are of the insulated storage type, and that energy used is limited to the...

  9. Exploration of Novel Reaction Pathway for Formation of Copper Indium Gallium Diselenide: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-03-121

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    van Hest, M.

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The investigation will explore a potentially low-cost method of forming CIGS for use in solar cells. Investigators from HelioVolt will work in NREL laboratories to modify and apply our tools in fabrication of the CIGS layer. Investigators from NREL will assist in preparing substrates and in compleing solar cells composed of these CIGS layers to evaluate the effectiveness of the HelioVolt processes.

  10. Field emission electron source

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zettl, Alexander Karlwalter (Kensington, CA); Cohen, Marvin Lou (Berkeley, CA)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A novel field emitter material, field emission electron source, and commercially feasible fabrication method is described. The inventive field emission electron source produces reliable electron currents of up to 400 mA/cm.sup.2 at 200 volts. The emitter is robust and the current it produces is not sensitive to variability of vacuum or the distance between the emitter tip and the cathode. The novel emitter has a sharp turn-on near 100 volts.

  11. Classification of plant leaf images with complicated background Xiao-Feng Wang a,b,c,*, De-Shuang Huang a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hefei Institute of Intelligent Machines

    today, such as coal, natural gas and gasoline, were made from plants that lived millions of years ago of Intelligent Machines, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 1130, Hefei, Anhui 230031, China b Department of Automation, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230027, China c Department of Computer

  12. Aridity and vegetation composition are important determinants of leaf-wax dD values in southeastern Mexico and Central America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mexico and Central America Peter M.J. Douglas a, , Mark Pagani a , Mark Brenner b , David A. Hodell c a marked aridity gradient in southeastern Mexico and northern Central America to investigate the importance to mean annual potential evapotranspi- ration (MAP/PET), explains much of the variability in the hydrogen

  13. BIOTROPICA *(*): ****** **** 10.1111/j.1744-7429.2008.00476.x Effects of Foliar Endophytic Fungi on the Preference and Performance of the Leaf Beetle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    BIOTROPICA *(*): ***­*** **** 10.1111/j.1744-7429.2008.00476.x Effects of Foliar Endophytic Fungi endophytic fungi live inside healthy plant leaves, and in some cases they confer herbivore resistance to the host. All previous studies of endophyte­herbivore interactions have occurred in temperate areas

  14. Summary We tested the hypothesis that the leaf area/sap-wood area ratio in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) is influenced

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mencuccini, Maurizio

    - Monteith equation (to describe the transpiration rate of a coniferous canopy) and the Darcy equation (to and this information included in models of plant growth (Grace 1992). Whitehead and Jarvis (1981) proposed an equation

  15. conditions' resulted, at least partly, from the increase in tempera-ture. The observation of lower leaf conductance due to mild water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barron-Gafford, Greg

    . Significant changes in calo- rific values of total biomass were only observed in V. faba (decrease). Moderate, J. L. & Ayerbe, L. (1998) Field Crops Res. 59(3): 225­235. Stirling, C. M., Davey, P. A., Williams

  16. Determination of leaf area index of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) and its relationship to site water balance across a large precipitation gradient in East Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hebert, Mark Thomas

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    zones and the four soil groups. 4 Relationship between PCA LAI (summer 1994 and 1995) and allometric LAI Page . 12 . 18 . 19 5 Relationship between LAI (littertrap) and PCA LAI (summer 1994 and 1995) and allornetric LAI . . 20 6 Relationship... increase of only 2' C for the months of June through September significantly reduced canopy biomass production. This was attributed to increased potential evapotraspiration (PET, from the higher temperature) and decreased soil water storage which together...

  17. The effect of maleic hydrazide and 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid on the carbohydrate content and leaf and stem rust response of wheat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyles, William Earl

    1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and susceptible isogenic wheat lines at the seedling stage of growth. 34 LIST OF TABLES Table Page A summary of the individual fractions and total carbohydrates as percentage of dry weight of treated and untreated expressed as an average of the four... carbohydrates than the susceptible line. The differ- ence was primarily due to the starch fraction. Determina- tions for carbohydrate and soluble nitrogen of individual plants of F2 generations segregating for resistance suggested that resistance...

  18. Clean Cities 2012 Vehicle Buyer's Guide (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The expanding availability of alternative fuels and advanced vehicles makes it easier than ever to reduce petroleum use, cut emissions, and save on fuel costs. The Clean Cities 2012 Vehicle Buyer's Guide features a comprehensive list of model year 2012 vehicles that can run on ethanol, biodiesel, electricity, propane or natural gas. Drivers and fleet managers across the country are looking for ways to reduce petroleum use, fuel costs, and vehicle emissions. As you'll find in this guide, these goals are easier to achieve than ever before, with an expanding selection of vehicles that use gasoline or diesel more efficiently, or forego them altogether. Plug-in electric vehicles made a grand entrance onto U.S. roadways in model year (MY) 2011, and their momentum in the market is poised for continued growth in 2012. Sales of the all-electric Nissan Leaf surpassed 8,000 in the fall of 2011, and the plug-in hybrid Chevy Volt is now available nationwide. Several new models from major automakers will become available throughout MY 2012, and drivers are benefiting from a rapidly growing network of charging stations, thanks to infrastructure development initiatives in many states. Hybrid electric vehicles, which first entered the market just a decade ago, are ubiquitous today. Hybrid technology now allows drivers of all vehicle classes, from SUVs to luxury sedans to subcompacts, to slash fuel use and emissions. Alternative fueling infrastructure is expanding in many regions, making natural gas, propane, ethanol, and biodiesel attractive and convenient choices for many consumers and fleets. And because fuel availability is the most important factor in choosing an alternative fuel vehicle, this growth opens up new possibilities for vehicle ownership. This guide features model-specific information about vehicle specs, manufacturer suggested retail price (MSRP), fuel economy, and emissions. You can use this information to compare vehicles and help inform your buying decisions. This guide includes city and highway fuel economy estimates from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The estimates are based on laboratory tests conducted by manufacturers in accordance with federal regulations. EPA retests about 10% of vehicle models to confirm manufacturer results. Fuel economy estimates are also available on FuelEconomy.gov. For some newer vehicle models, EPA data was not available at the time of this guide's publication; in these cases, manufacturer estimates are provided, if available.

  19. Safety Assessment of PowerBeam Flywheel Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Starbuck, J Michael [ORNL; Hansen, James Gerald [ORNL

    2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The greatest technical challenge facing the developer of vehicular flywheel systems is the issue of safety. The PowerBeam flywheel system concept, developed by HyKinesys Inc., employs a pair of high aspect ratio, counter-rotating flywheels to provide surge power for hybrid vehicle applications. The PowerBeam approach to safety is to design flywheels conservatively so as to avoid full rotor burst failure modes. A conservative point design was sized for use in a mid-size sedan such as a Chevrolet Malibu. The PowerBeam rotor rims were designed with a steel tube covered by a carbon fiber reinforced composite tube. ORNL conducted rotor design analyses using both nested ring and finite element analysis design codes. The safety factor of the composite material was 7, while that of the steel was greater than 3. The design exceeded the PNGV recommendation for a safety factor of at least 4 for composite material to prevent flywheel burst.

  20. Evaluation of aftermarket LPG conversion kits in light-duty vehicle applications. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bass, E.A. [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (US)] [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (US)

    1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SwRI was contracted by NREL to evaluate three LPG conversion kits on a Chevrolet Lumina. The objective of the project was to measure the Federal Test Procedure (FTP) emissions and fuel economy of these kits, and compare their performance to gasoline-fueled operation and to each other. Varying LPG fuel blends allowed a preliminary look at the potential for fuel system disturbance. The project required kit installation and adjustment according to manufacturer`s instructions. A limited amount of trouble diagnosis was also performed on the fuel systems. A simultaneous contract from the Texas Railroad Commission, in cooperation with NREL, provided funds for additional testing with market fuels (HD5 propane and industry average gasoline) and hydrocarbon (HC) emissions speciation to determine the ozone-forming potential of LPG HC emissions. This report documents the procurement, installation, and testing of these LPG conversion kits.

  1. U.S. Department of Energy FreedomCar & Vehicle Technologies Program CARB Executive Order Exemption Process for a Hydrogen-fueled Internal Combustion engine Vehicle -- Status Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The CARB Executive Order Exemption Process for a Hydrogen-fueled Internal Combustion Engine Vehicle was undertaken to define the requirements to achieve a California Air Resource Board Executive Order for a hydrogenfueled vehicle retrofit kit. A 2005 to 2006 General Motors Company Sierra/Chevrolet Silverado 1500HD pickup was assumed to be the build-from vehicle for the retrofit kit. The emissions demonstration was determined not to pose a significant hurdle due to the non-hydrocarbon-based fuel and lean-burn operation. However, significant work was determined to be necessary for Onboard Diagnostics Level II compliance. Therefore, it is recommended that an Experimental Permit be obtained from the California Air Resource Board to license and operate the vehicles for the durability of the demonstration in support of preparing a fully compliant and certifiable package that can be submitted.

  2. Glow discharge cleaning and vacuum deposition of copper on 6061-T6 aluminum

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vasofsky, R.W.; Corbett, W.D. Jr.

    1991-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Prior to plating electroless nickel onto a part made of 6061-T6 aluminum, several aqueous pretreatment steps are required which end with the deposition of a thin copper layer covering the part. In an effort to minimize the quantity and type of wastes generated during this pretreatment process, vacuum deposition methods are under evaluation as an alternative. Six vacuum cleaning/copper deposition experiments have been conducted on 6061-T6 aluminum coupons. The coupons were glow discharge cleaned at 1500, 2000 and 2500 volts and a copper coating was either sputtered deposited or ion plated onto the aluminum substrate. The results showed that the adhesive strength of the copper coating was greatest for those coupons cleaned at 2500 volts and ion plated. Glow discharge cleaning was greatest for those coupons cleaned at 2500 volts and ion plated. Glow discharge cleaning at 1500 and 2000 volts resulted in copper films that were porous while those cleaned at 2500 volts were not. The results further showed that ion plated copper films of appropriate thickness can be produced while the aluminum alloy is precipitation hardened. 3 refs., 9 figs., 3 tabs.

  3. TexasAgriculturalExtensionService The Texas A&M University System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    ; leaf discoloration Milk 28 F (-2 C) White awns or white heads; damage to lower stems; leaf Moderate their water content andtheseverityoffreezeinjury.Amplesoilmoisture,cool temperatures

  4. E-Print Network 3.0 - aux red oils Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Environmental Sciences and Ecology 22 Red Leaf Resources and the Commercialization of Oil Shale Summary: Red Leaf Resources and the Commercialization of Oil Shale 12;About Red...

  5. Copyright 2008, SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology) 0883-1351/08/0023-0421/$3.00 PALAIOS, 2008, v. 23, p. 421423

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royer, Dana

    or C-S-R triangle (Grime, 1977). Importantly, the interrelation- ships among leaf economic traits fossil leaf eco- nomics. The fir

  6. Hinge assembly

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vandergriff, D.H.

    1999-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A hinge assembly is disclosed having a first leaf, a second leaf and linking member. The first leaf has a contact surface. The second leaf has a first contact surface and a second contact surface. The linking member pivotally connects to the first leaf and to the second leaf. The hinge assembly is capable of moving from a closed position to an open position. In the closed position, the contact surface of the first leaf merges with the first contact surface of the second leaf. In the open position, the contact surface of the first leaf merges with the second contact surface of the second leaf. The hinge assembly can include a seal on the contact surface of the first leaf. 8 figs.

  7. Gaseous insulators for high voltage electrical equipment

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Christophorou, Loucas G. (Oak Ridge, TN); James, David R. (Knoxville, TN); Pace, Marshall O. (Knoxville, TN); Pai, Robert Y. (Concord, TN)

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Gaseous insulators comprise compounds having high attachment cross sections for electrons having energies in the 0-1.3 electron volt range. Multi-component gaseous insulators comprise compounds and mixtures having overall high electron attachment cross sections in the 0-1.3 electron volt range and moderating gases having high cross sections for inelastic interactions with electrons of energies 1-4 electron volts. Suitable electron attachment components include hexafluorobutyne, perfluorobutene-2, perfluorocyclobutane, perfluorodimethylcyclobutane, perfluorocyclohexene, perfluoromethylcyclohexane, hexafluorobutadiene, perfluoroheptene-1 and hexafluoroazomethane. Suitable moderating gases include N.sub.2, CO, CO.sub.2 and H.sub.2. The gaseous insulating mixture can also contain SF.sub.6, perfluoropropane and perfluorobenzene.

  8. Response to painful stimulation as a function of environmental complexity and severity of the stimulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harding, Sara Sloan

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    this hypothesis, mice raised in enriched and impover- ished environments were tested on the number of approaches to and total time spent on a grid delivering a constant electric shock at either the 20 volts DC, . 72 ma level or the 40 volts DC, 1. 4 ma level... that was significantly greater than that of the enriched Ss. The results of iv the experiment indicate that a low shock level may be reinforcing to an impoverished S. Although both impoverished shock groups responded at a rate higher than that of comparable enriched...

  9. Conservation Theory Process Control Using Variable Frequency Drives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, N. S.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    name from the vari able DC voltage which the rectifier section pro duces. Variable DC voltage is required in order to produce controlled AC with the volts per hz ratio constant. To operate an AC motor over a speed range from 5-60 hz and still... be capable of producing con stant torque,the ratio: Volts ~ = Constant must be satisfied. The rectifier and inverter stages work in concert to produce variable voltage, variable frequency AC power. The linear relation ship between voltage and frequency...

  10. Doubly Fed Induction Generator in an Offshore Wind Power Plant Operated at Rated V/Hz: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muljadi, E.; Singh, M.; Gevorgian, V.

    2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper introduces the concept of constant Volt/Hz operation of offshore wind power plants. The deployment of offshore WPPs requires power transmission from the plant to the load center inland. Since this power transmission requires submarine cables, there is a need to use High-Voltage Direct Current transmission, which is economical for transmission distances longer than 50 kilometers. In the concept presented here, the onshore substation is operated at 60 Hz synced with the grid, and the offshore substation is operated at variable frequency and voltage, thus allowing the WPP to be operated at constant Volt/Hz.

  11. Fundamentals ofFundamentals of Tree NutritionTree Nutrition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Storage Nutrients Foliar Efficiency Available Water Leaf Area Productivity Above Ground Below Ground

  12. COMPUTER ANIMATION AND VIRTUAL WORLDS Comp. Anim. Virtual Worlds 2004; 15: 237244 (DOI: 10.1002/cav.26)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wan, Justin Wing Lok

    ) * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Physically-based simulation of plant leaf growth By Iris R. Wang*, Justin W. L. Wan and Gladimir V. G * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * A mathematical model is presented to simulate the growth of a plant leaf. The tissue in the leaf has been # 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. KEY WORDS: plant; leaf; growth model; physically-based simulation; natural

  13. PROPERTIES OF HDPE/CLAY/WOOD NANOCOMPOSITES , C. M. Clemons 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    from wood, kenaf, flax, hemp, cotton, Kraft pulp, coconut husk, areca fruit, pineapple leaf, oil palm

  14. Question 1 (15 Marks) Find the general solution of the following differential equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malham, Simon J.A.

    resistance R = 8 Ohms, the capacitor has capacitance C = 1/16 Farads and the inductor has inductance L = 1 Henrys. A battery or power source provides an impressed voltage of V (t) = sin(2t) volts at any given time. The rate of change of total charge, Q(t) Coulombs, in the capacitor at time t, is thus governed

  15. Question 1 (15 Marks) Find the general solution of the following differential equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malham, Simon J.A.

    resistance R = 7 Ohms, the capacitor has capacitance C = 1/6 Farads and the inductor has inductance L = 1 Henrys. A battery or power source provides an impressed voltage of V (t) = sin(t) volts at any given time. The rate of change of total charge, Q(t) Coulombs, in the capacitor at time t, is thus governed

  16. A critical concern for embedded sys tems is the need to deliver high levels of per

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mudge, Trevor

    10 A critical concern for embedded sys­ tems is the need to deliver high levels of per­ formance voltage. Because dynam­ ic energy scales quadratically with supply volt­ age, DVS can significantly reduce energy use. 2 Enabling systems to run at multiple fre­ quency and voltage levels is challenging

  17. A critical concern for embedded sys-tems is the need to deliver high levels of per-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mudge, Trevor

    10 A critical concern for embedded sys- tems is the need to deliver high levels of per- formance proces- sor utilization and allows a corresponding reduction in supply voltage. Because dynam- ic energy scales quadratically with supply volt- age, DVS can significantly reduce energy use.2 Enabling systems

  18. 405th Brookhaven Lecture

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Vadim Ptitsyn

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    "E-RHIC - Future Electron-Ion Collider at BNL. While RHIC scientists continue their quest to look deep into nuclear phenomena resulting from collisions of ion beams and beams of polarized protons, new design work is under way for a possible extension of RHIC to include e-RHIC, a 10-billion electron volt, high-intensity polarized proton beam.

  19. Volume 50, Number 4 2009 361 Weakly electric fishes have been an important model system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chacron, Maurice

    Volume 50, Number 4 2009 361 Abstract Weakly electric fishes have been an important model system in behavioral neuroscience for more than 40 years. These fishes use a specialized electric organ to produce an electric field that is typically below 1 volt/cm and serves in many be- haviors including social

  20. FEB 19, 2001 TESLA-2001-17

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­i­ FEB 19, 2001 TESLA-2001-17 CONCEPTUAL DESIGN FOR THE FINAL FOCUS QUADRUPOLE MAGNETS FOR TESLA A a preliminary design of the superconducting final focusing quadrupole magnets for TESLA and all their associated Electron volts Superconducting Linear Accelerator (TESLA) is an electron/positron linear collider

  1. Inhomogeneity Mitigation at 7 Tesla using Sparsity-Enforced Spatially-Tailored Slice-Selective Excitation Pulses A. C. ZELINSKI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goyal, Vivek K

    In Vivo B1 + Inhomogeneity Mitigation at 7 Tesla using Sparsity-Enforced Spatially-Tailored Slice's duration & B1 + is in Tesla/volt. Let R(r) (r)·B1 - (r). With a reset pulse [5], IV(r) = c·R(r)·[1-E1(r

  2. FEB 19, 2001 TESLA-2001-17

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­i­ FEB 19, 2001 TESLA-2001-17 CONCEPTUAL DESIGN FOR THE FINAL FOCUS QUADRUPOLE MAGNETS FOR TESLA A a preliminary design of the superconducting final focusing quadrupole magnets for TESLA and all their associated The Tera Electron volts Superconducting Linear Accelerator (TESLA) is an electron/positron linear collider

  3. A study of the response of various steels to the inhibiting action of an organic amine in acid solution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander, Robert Benjamin

    1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    half cell is given by Glasstone as + 0,6lUl volts at 25? C* Potentials were determined by use of a student type Leeds and North- rup potentiometer* This instrument was found to be quite satisfactory for the type of measurements made* The working cell...

  4. A 1 WATT X-BAND POWER COMBINING ARRAY USING COUPLED VCOs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    York, Robert A.

    matching networks at the drain and source of the MESFET. A quarter wave length transformer followed each. The transistor was biased at 8Volts with a drain current of 180mA. The measured gain of this amplifier was about of about 3. The layout of the VCO resembles the design proposed by [ll]. RF energy is fed back to the input

  5. Optimal and Robust Saturated Control for a Clock Generator C. Albea S. Lesecq and D. Puschini

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ,i] [7]. If the clock is generated for the whole circuit, and distributed in each VFI, the maximumOptimal and Robust Saturated Control for a Clock Generator C. Albea S. Lesecq and D. Puschini control engines in each volt- age/frequency island must be taken into account to optimize the circuit

  6. CX-003072: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    ReVolt Technology LLC - Zinc Flow Air Battery Metal-Air Battery System for Electric VehiclesCX(s) Applied: B3.6Date: 06/02/2010Location(s): OregonOffice(s): Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy

  7. Area Without Integration: Make Your Own Planimeter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foote, Robert L.

    it displaces (it helps if the solid doesn't float). Many instruments are cleverly designed devices that convert type, not the digital ones) convert the volume of the liquid (this used to be mercury, but now · Speedometer · Protractor · Pitot tube -- measures speed of an airplane through the air · Volt meter · Bathroom

  8. PH&EV Research Center Dr. Tom Turrentine Director

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Households Had & Keep an HEV Had Hybrid Have Hybrid Had natural gas veh #12;27% bought 1 car = 65% of new car full? · Stated annual USA PEV sales goals of car makers ­ Volt 2012 goals 45,000 - actual 2012 sales 23's Executive Order 2013 #12;HEVs are nearly 10% of cars (not counting trucks) in California (Based on Polk

  9. Model Based Visualization of Cardiac Virtual Tissue J W Handley, K W Brodlie, R H Clayton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brodlie, Ken

    - mental preparations of heart tissue using volt- age sensitive fluorescent dyes. Computational models also, for example, [8].) In a normal heartbeat the ac- tion potential propagates from cell to cell is the most important state variable in the models to visualize -- the action potential propagates from cell

  10. DATE 13 Janual'y 1969 PSEP Power Transient Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    will probably not exceed 29 volts during sunrise. SOLAR PANEL CHARACTERISTICS The time dependence of the solar;DATE The solar panel array I-V curves are shown in Figure 3. These curves show an open circuit voltage the system. Any degradation of the solar panel could delay first day operation of EASEP until very near

  11. Planning Report 01-1 Economic Impact Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Planning Report 01-1 Economic Impact Assessment of the NIST's Josephson Volt Standard Program and Economic Analysis Group July 2001 U.S Department of Commerce Technology Administration #12;Economic Impact of Standards and Technology Program Office Strategic Planning and Economic Analysis Group Prepared under

  12. Midland-Ross Corporation Cambion Division

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kleinfeld, David

    thermoelectric devices which require less than 3.5 volts i^c, the maximiom rated output current will be exceeded thermoelectric devices it will be necessary to connect a power resistor in series with the thermoelectric module. -THERMOELECTRIC DEVICE (P/N) APPROXIMATE RESISTANCE VALUE (OHMS) RESISTOR POWER RATING (WATTS) (1) 801- (2) 801

  13. Thermoelectric devices and applications for the same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    DeSteese, John G [Kennewick, WA; Olsen, Larry C [Richland, WA; Martin, Peter M [Kennewick, WA

    2010-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

    High performance thin film thermoelectric couples and methods of making the same are disclosed. Such couples allow fabrication of at least microwatt to watt-level power supply devices operating at voltages greater than one volt even when activated by only small temperature differences.

  14. Photo illustration by George Lange, with Michael Miller (Plug) Popular Mechanics Impact of PlugImpact of Plug--in Hybrids on thein Hybrids on the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 1 Photo illustration by George Lange, with Michael Miller (Plug) ­Popular Mechanics Impact system Turbo Diesel hybrid Future options Gasoline Turbo Diesel Hybrid plug-in hybrid Battery electric Fuel Cell Audi Turbo Diesel GM Volt Hyundai's Fuel Cell Tesla's Battery electric car #12;7 13 Barriers

  15. School of Public and Environmental Affairs, Indiana University Electric Vehicle Survey Research Team

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Craft, Christopher B.

    outlet and using electricity to charge a battery pack, but does not have a gasoline engine that works have a gasoline motor that serves as a back-up or works together with the electric motor. A Chevy Volt, such as the Toyota Prius, which uses both gasoline and battery power, but does not plug into the electrical grid

  16. A Model for Tunneling-Limited Breakdown in High-Power HEMTs Mark H. Somerville and Jes6s A. del Alamo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    del Alamo, Jesús A.

    A Model for Tunneling-Limited Breakdown in High-Power HEMTs Mark H. Somerville and Jes6s A. del indicates that the cru- cial variables in determining the off-state breakdown volt- age of power HEMTs. Other design parameters have only secondary impact on the breakdown voltage for realistic device designs

  17. The Jaguar system consists of an 84 cabinet quad-core Cray XT4 system and 200 upgraded Cray XT5 cabinets, using six-core processors. The XT4 has 8 gigabytes of memory per node while the XT5 has 16

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    forced- air cooling system. Further savings are realized by using the 480-volt power supplies in each using some form of liquid cooling to manage heat dissipation requirements. At 4,400 square feet, the XT5 ECOphlexTM cooling technology. This technology uses R-134, a high temperature refrigerant sometimes found

  18. NATIONAL RADIO ASTRONOMY OBSERVATORY CHARLOTTESVILLE, VIRGINIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Groppi, Christopher

    is engaged it supplies the various power supplies, cooling fans, and output receptacles with power DISTRIBUTION A master circuit breaker is supplied on the bottom front panel of the cabinet. The circuit breaker conductor cable supplies the necessary 110 volts single phase alternating current. When the circuit breaker

  19. Chemical Accelerators The phrase "chemical accelerators"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zare, Richard N.

    bonds, 2 to 10 ev). The methods that have revealed this richness and order of medium- and high-energy, mass spectrometry. While hot-atom studies overcome the energy limitations of thermochemical methods energies of a few electron volts. Most studies of chemical kinetics made by traditional thermochemical

  20. JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE THE COMPARISON OF SOME CHARACTERISTICSOF ELECTRODELESSUHF0 INWAVEGUIDE AND OF DCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Moscow, U.S.S.R. The aim of the paper i s the comparison of characteristicti of electrodeless UHF or to pecularities of charge kinetics i n plasma, The electron energy gain of UHF and of DC fields may be different of E D and UHFD plasma electrons. Unfortu- nately, it is impossible to get volt- current