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Sample records for leaf area index

  1. Impact Assessment of Satellite-Derived Leaf Area Index Datasets Using a General Circulation Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xue, Yongkang

    Impact Assessment of Satellite-Derived Leaf Area Index Datasets Using a General Circulation Model the impact of two different remote sensing­derived leaf area index (RSLAI) datasets retrieved from the same using the RSLAI and other satellite-derived land surface products showed sub- stantial improvements

  2. Global estimation of evapotranspiration using a leaf area index-based surface energy and water balance model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Timothy

    -relative-humidity-based two-source (ARTS) E model that simulates the surface energy balance, soil water balanceGlobal estimation of evapotranspiration using a leaf area index-based surface energy and water balance model H. Yan a, , S.Q. Wang b , D. Billesbach c , W. Oechel d , J.H. Zhang e , T. Meyers f , T

  3. Steady state estimation of soil organic carbon using satellite-derived canopy leaf area index

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Fang, Yilin; Liu, Chongxuan; Huang, Maoyi; Li, Hongyi; Leung, Lai-Yung R.

    2014-12-02

    Soil organic carbon (SOC) plays a key role in the global carbon cycle that is important for decadal-to-century climate prediction. Estimation of soil organic carbon stock using model-based methods typically requires spin-up (time marching transient simulation) of the carbon-nitrogen (CN) models by performing hundreds to thousands years long simulations until the carbon-nitrogen pools reach dynamic steady-state. This has become a bottleneck for global modeling and analysis, especially when testing new physical and/or chemical mechanisms and evaluating parameter sensitivity. Here we report a new numerical approach to estimate global soil carbon stock that can avoid the long term spin-up of themore »CN model. The approach uses canopy leaf area index (LAI) from satellite data and takes advantage of a reaction-based biogeochemical module NGBGC (Next Generation BioGeoChemical Module) that was recently developed and incorporated in version 4 of the Community Land Model (CLM4). Although NGBGC uses the same CN mechanisms as used in CLM4CN, it can be easily configured to run prognostic or steady state simulations. In this approach, monthly LAI from the multi-year Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data was used to calculate potential annual average gross primary production (GPP) and leaf carbon for the period of the atmospheric forcing. The calculated potential annual average GPP and leaf C are then used by NGBGC to calculate the steady-state distributions of carbon and nitrogen in different vegetation and soil pools by solving the steady-state reaction-network in NGBGC using the Newton-Raphson method. The new approach was applied at point and global scales and compared with SOC derived from long spin-up by running NGBGC in prognostic mode, and SOC from the empirical data of the Harmonized World Soil Database (HWSD). The steady-state solution is comparable to the spin-up value when the MODIS LAI is close to the LAI from the spin-up solution, and largely captured the variability of the HWSD SOC across the different dominant plant functional types (PFTs) at global scale. The numerical correlation between the calculated and HWSD SOC was, however, weak at both point and global scales, suggesting that the models used in describing biogeochemical processes in CLM needs improvements and/or HWSD needs updating as suggested by other studies. Besides SOC, the steady state solution also includes all other state variables simulated by a spin-up run, such as NPP, GPP, total vegetation C etc., which makes the developed approach a promising tool to efficiently estimate global SOC distribution and evaluate and compare different aspects simulated by different CN mechanisms in the model.« less

  4. How to quantify tree leaf area index in an open savanna ecosystem: A multi-instrument and multi-model approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Battles, John

    in a savanna? The questions asked in the study are critical because L, one- sided leaf area per unit ground for hydrological ecosystem dynamics because L controls rainfall interception (Aston, 1979), canopy evapotran are prone to failure. We examine the applicability of two direct (litterfall, allometry) and five indirect

  5. Yield and leaf blade area comparisons of extra leafy to normal leafed maize (Zea mays L.) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rushing, Ronald Wayne

    1996-01-01

    relationships between extra leaf production and rain yield of the leafy 9 hybrids. Fourteen hybrids were compared, including, eight Lfy and six normal-leafed industry standard hybrids. The fourteen hybrids were replicated four times in a randomized block design...

  6. Leaf Area Distribution of Tomato Plants as Influenced by Polyethylene Mulch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Decoteau, Dennis R.

    Leaf Area Distribution of Tomato Plants as Influenced by Polyethylene Mulch Surface Color Dennis R of polyethylene (plastic) mulch surface color (white versus black) on leaf area distribution of tomato and soil temperatures. These results suggest that the polyethylene mulch surface color can induce changes

  7. The relationship between leaf area growth and biomass accumulation in Arabidopsis thaliana

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Weraduwage, Sarathi M. [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Dept. of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology; Chen, Jin [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Dept. of Energy Plant Research Lab., Dept. of Computer Science; Anozie, Fransisca C. [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Dept. of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology; Morales, Alejandro [Wageningen Univ., Wageningen (Netherlands). Center for Crop Systems Analysis; Weise, Sean E. [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Dept. of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology; Sharkey, Thomas D. [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Dept. of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

    2015-04-09

    Leaf area growth determines the light interception capacity of a crop and is often used as a surrogate for plant growth in high-throughput phenotyping systems. The relationship between leaf area growth and growth in terms of mass will depend on how carbon is partitioned among new leaf area, leaf mass, root mass, reproduction, and respiration. A model of leaf area growth in terms of photosynthetic rate and carbon partitioning to different plant organs was developed and tested with Arabidopsis thaliana L. Heynh. ecotype Columbia (Col-0) and a mutant line, gigantea-2 (gi-2), which develops very large rosettes. Data obtained from growth analysis and gas exchange measurements was used to train a genetic programming algorithm to parameterize and test the above model. The relationship between leaf area and plant biomass was found to be non-linear and variable depending on carbon partitioning. The model output was sensitive to the rate of photosynthesis but more sensitive to the amount of carbon partitioned to growing thicker leaves. The large rosette size of gi-2 relative to that of Col-0 resulted from relatively small differences in partitioning to new leaf area vs. leaf thickness.

  8. The relationship between leaf area growth and biomass accumulation in Arabidopsis thaliana

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Weraduwage, Sarathi M.; Chen, Jin; Anozie, Fransisca C.; Morales, Alejandro; Weise, Sean E.; Sharkey, Thomas D.

    2015-04-09

    Leaf area growth determines the light interception capacity of a crop and is often used as a surrogate for plant growth in high-throughput phenotyping systems. The relationship between leaf area growth and growth in terms of mass will depend on how carbon is partitioned among new leaf area, leaf mass, root mass, reproduction, and respiration. A model of leaf area growth in terms of photosynthetic rate and carbon partitioning to different plant organs was developed and tested with Arabidopsis thaliana L. Heynh. ecotype Columbia (Col-0) and a mutant line, gigantea-2 (gi-2), which develops very large rosettes. Data obtained from growthmore »analysis and gas exchange measurements was used to train a genetic programming algorithm to parameterize and test the above model. The relationship between leaf area and plant biomass was found to be non-linear and variable depending on carbon partitioning. The model output was sensitive to the rate of photosynthesis but more sensitive to the amount of carbon partitioned to growing thicker leaves. The large rosette size of gi-2 relative to that of Col-0 resulted from relatively small differences in partitioning to new leaf area vs. leaf thickness.« less

  9. Large seasonal swings in leaf area of Amazon rainforests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myneni, Ranga B.

    tropical forests stud- ied to date display seasonal variations in the presence of new leaves, flowers of 25% in a majority of the Amazon rainforests. This seasonal cycle is timed to the seasonality of solar radiation in a manner that is suggestive of anticipatory and opportunistic pat- terns of net leaf flushing

  10. A simplified psoriasis area severity index (SPASI) for rating psoriasis severity in clinic patients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Louden, B Asher; Pearce, Daniel J MD; Lang, Wei PhD; Feldman, Steven R MD PhD

    2004-01-01

    T, Pettersson U. Severe psoriasis--oral therapy with a newof disease progress in psoriasis. Arch Dermatol 1989; 125(the limitations of the psoriasis area and severity index (

  11. AREA COST FACTOR INDEXES PAX NEWSLETTER NO. 3.2.1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    in the continental US). The ACF index is the combination factors of local construction costs of labor, materialAREA COST FACTOR INDEXES PAX NEWSLETTER NO. 3.2.1 15 December 2003 1. The attached updated area of the Army technical manual TM 5-800-4, Programming Cost Estimates for Military Construction, dated May 1994

  12. AREA COST FACTOR INDEXES PAX NEWSLETTER NO. 3.2.1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    in the continental US). The ACF index is the combination factors of local construction costs of labor, materialAREA COST FACTOR INDEXES PAX NEWSLETTER NO. 3.2.1 2 January 2003 1. The attached updated area cost technical manual TM 5-800-4, Programming Cost Estimates for Military Construction, dated May 1994

  13. AREA COST FACTOR INDEXES PAX NEWSLETTER NO. 3.2.1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    ). The ACF index is the combination factors of local construction costs of labor, material, and equipmentAREA COST FACTOR INDEXES PAX NEWSLETTER NO. 3.2.1 15 March 2002 1. The attached updated area cost manual TM 5-800-4, Programming Cost Estimates for Military Construction, dated May 1994. The updated ACF

  14. AREA COST FACTOR INDEXES PAX NEWSLETTER NO. 3.2.1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    in the continental US). The ACF index is the combination factors of local construction costs of labor, material1 AREA COST FACTOR INDEXES PAX NEWSLETTER NO. 3.2.1 10 April 2001 1. The attached updated area cost technical manual TM 5-800-4, Programming Cost Estimates for Military Construction, dated May 1994

  15. AREA COST FACTOR INDEXES PAX NEWSLETTER NO. 3.2.1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    in the continental US). The ACF index is the combination factors of local construction costs of labor, materialAREA COST FACTOR INDEXES PAX NEWSLETTER NO. 3.2.1 10 March 2000 1. The attached updated area cost technical manual TM 5-800-4, Programming Cost Estimates for Military Construction, dated May 1994

  16. Mapping urban forest leaf area index with airborne lidar using penetration metrics and allometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bookhagen, Bodo

    and transpiration (Chen, Rich, Gower, Norman, & Plummer, 1997). In addi- tion, dry depositional uptake building cooling costs. At the sa

  17. AREA COST FACTOR INDEXES PAX NEWSLETTER NO. 3.2.1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    in the continental US). The ACF index is the combination factors of the local construction costs of labor, materialAREA COST FACTOR INDEXES PAX NEWSLETTER NO. 3.2.1 01 May 1998 1. The following is a list of updated 5-800-4, Programming Cost Estimates for Military Construction, dated May 1994. The updated ACF

  18. REMOTE SENS. ENVIRON. 30:43-54 (1989) Detection of Changes in Leaf Water Content

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunt Jr., E. Raymond

    1989-01-01

    REMOTE SENS. ENVIRON. 30:43-54 (1989) Detection of Changes in Leaf Water Content Using Near the ability of the Leaf Water Content Index (LWCI) to determine leaf Relative Water content (RWC) of different with little adjustment (Jackson, 1982; Hunt et al., 1987). One such method is the Leaf Water Content Index

  19. Soil suitability index identifies potential areas for groundwater banking on agricultural lands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    2015. California’s Groundwater Update 2013. A Compilation ofpotential areas for groundwater banking on agriculturaland Mike Walkinshaw Groundwater pumping chronically exceeds

  20. METAMATERIALS: Large-area printed 3D negative-index metamaterial is flexible -Laser Focus World http://www.laserfocusworld.com/articles/print/volume-47/issue-8/world-news/metamaterials-large-area-printed-3d-negative-index-metamaterial-is-flexible.html[8/1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    METAMATERIALS: Large-area printed 3D negative-index metamaterial is flexible - Laser Focus World http://www.laserfocusworld.com/articles/print/volume-47/issue-8/world-news/metamaterials-large-area-printed-3d-negative-index-metamaterial-is-flexible.html[8/12/2011 3:45:06 PM] About · Advertise · Advertise

  1. High Efficiency Oxide-Confined High-Index-Contrast Broad-Area Lasers with Reduced Threshold Current Density and Improved Near-Field Profile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowers, John

    High Efficiency Oxide-Confined High-Index-Contrast Broad-Area Lasers with Reduced Threshold Current. The poor lateral electrical and optical confinement, however, make current spreading unavoidable and lead), followed by non-selective O2-enhanced wet thermal oxidation [2] to grow a uniform thickness layer of high

  2. Determination of leaf area index of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) and its relationship to site water balance across a large precipitation gradient in East Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hebert, Mark Thomas

    1996-01-01

    was estimated using the Thornthwaite and Mather (1957) model to predict potential and actual evapotranspiration and moisture deficit. LAI and site water balance were estimated in both 1994 and 1995. 1 hypothesized that LAI would be positively correlated...

  3. Elm Leaf Beetle 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patrick, Carl D.

    2002-05-22

    Elm leaf beetles damage all varieties of elm trees. Learn how to identify this insect and understand its biology and life cycle. There are suggestions for controlling elm leaf beetles, as well as a table of insecticides effective against...

  4. Micronucleus frequency and hematologic index in Colossoma macropomum (Pisces, Ariidae) for environmental impact assessment at a protected area in Brazil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sousa, Debora Batista Pinheiro; Neta, Raimunda Nonata Fortes Carvalho

    2014-10-06

    This study used micronucleus assays and erythrocyte indices in the freshwater fish tambaqui, Colossoma macropomum, to assess environmental impacts in the Environmental Protection Area at Maracanã, São Luis, Brazil. Fish were sampled from two locations within the protected area, Serena Lagoon and Ambude River, on four occasions. Biometric data (length and weight) and an aliquot of blood were collected from each fish for analysis. Erythrocyte indices including: mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration were calculated, and blood samples were examined for micronuclei and nuclear morphological changes. Micronuclei were found in fish from both locations, although the frequency was higher in fish from Ambude River. Nuclear morphological changes were identified only in fish collected from Ambude River. Several nuclear morphological changes were found in erythrocytes stained with Giemsa, including: micronuclei and binucleate nuclei. On average, erythrocyte indices were lower in fish collected from Ambude River than in those from Serena Lagoon. Our results indicate that micronuclei and erythrocyte indices can be used in C. macropomum as indicators of environmental health.

  5. Leaf hydraulics and evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scoffoni, Christine

    2014-01-01

    Measuring leaf xylem hydraulic decline using the vacuum pumphydraulic vulnerability curves: results from maximum likelihood analysis The vacuumvacuum pump method was first developed to measure whole shoots and roots hydraulic

  6. Original article Estimation of leaf water content and specific leaf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Original article Estimation of leaf water content and specific leaf weight from reflectance and transmittance spectra measured over the 1 300-2 400-nm domain and the corresponding water content (g.cm-2) for pure water. We then investigated the possibility of estimating leaf water content and specific weight

  7. Turning over a new `leaf': multiple functional significances of leaves versus phyllodes in Hawaiian Acacia koapce_2207 2084..2100

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sack, Lawren

    gas exchange, structure and composition, hydraulic con- ductance, and responses to varying light including stomatal pore area per leaf area, leaf area-based gas exchange rates and cuticular conductance & Zeiger 2006). We assessed the functional conse- quences of heteroblasty in Acacia koa (koa; Fig. 1

  8. Leaf Modeling and Constrained Leaf Morphing in Leaf Space Saurabh Garg1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leow, Wee Kheng

    , and structure of the leaves among different species of plants. The main draw- back of existing methods. In this paper, we present a novel parametric leaf model based on botanical considerations for generating is generated by fitting quadratic B-spline curves to the landmark points and tangents. The proposed leaf model

  9. Mycosphaerella leaf disease (MLD) outbreak on Eucalyptus globulus in Brazil caused by Teratosphaeria (Mycosphaerella) nubilosa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    302 Mycosphaerella leaf disease (MLD) outbreak on Eucalyptus globulus in Brazil caused of young plantations of Eucalyptus globulus trees showing symptoms resembling My- cosphaerella leaf disease spread of T. nubilosa northwards into Brazil's main Eucalyptus-growing areas as well as to other South

  10. The interaction of chemicals and red light on growth of etiolated bean leaf disks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, John Lee

    1960-01-01

    were then separated and opened. The leaf disk was removed from the basal area of the leaf with a sharpened, sterilised cork borer, 5 mm in diameter. The disk was placed in the Petri dish with the lower epidermis upward and with the main lateral vein...

  11. Instructions for Apple Leaf Sample Collection.doc September 2013 Instructions for Apple Leaf Sample Collection Vermont

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    Instructions for Apple Leaf Sample Collection.doc September 2013 Instructions for Apple Leaf Sample;Instructions for Apple Leaf Sample Collection.doc September 2013 Washing Leaf Samples 1. Wash the leaf samples

  12. Leaf-wax n-alkanes record the plantwater environment at leaf ush

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tipple, Brett

    Leaf-wax n-alkanes record the plant­water environment at leaf ush Brett J. Tipple1 , Melissa A, UT, and approved December 26, 2012 (received for review August 13, 2012) Leaf-wax n-alkanes 2 H/1 H the 2 H values of leaf-wax n-alkanes and of stem, leaf, stream, and atmospheric waters throughout

  13. INDEX | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    INDEX INDEX INDEX More Documents & Publications untitled PTXCMP.pdf Policy Flash 2010-79 Attachment 2...

  14. Williams et al. Chapter 6 : CO2 capture from the leaf to the landscape

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    area (m2 ), P is atmospheric pressure (Pa), R the gas constant, TK absolute temperature and d stomatal conductance from that of an individual stoma to the whole leaf using theoretical considerations

  15. Mycosphaerellaceae and Teratosphaeriaceae associated with Eucalyptus leaf diseases and stem cankers in Uruguay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mycosphaerellaceae and Teratosphaeriaceae associated with Eucalyptus leaf diseases and stem cankers represent one of the most important impediments to Eucalyptus plantation forestry. Yet they have been resulting from surveys in all major Eucalyptus growing areas of the country. Species identification

  16. HYDROCARBON CONSTITUENTS OF ICELAND LEAF FOSSIL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Jerry; Calvin, Melvin.

    2008-01-01

    Survey for supplies of Iceland Leaf Fossils. part by Theof the Tertiary History of Iceland, North Atl anti c Bi otaFigure 1 A small slab of Iceland leaf fossil. 20cm long and

  17. Cumulative Index

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CUMULATIVE INDEX I. Articles (i) By Author Abate, Charles J. "Has Dretske Really Refuted Skepticism?", v.4, n.3 (June, 1977), pp. 169- 175. Abugattas, Juan A. "On the Relation Between Morality and the Notion of God". v.7, n.l (November, 1979...), pp. 47-81. Algeo, Donald. "Why Art?", v.7, n.2 (Spring, 1980), pp. 105-129. Austin, James W. "Rorty's Materialism", v.3, n.l (November, 1975), pp. 20-28. Bell, Gary. "A Characterization of Mathematics". v.8, n.2 (Summer, 1981), pp. 96-104. Bell...

  18. Moderate forest disturbance as a stringent test for gap and big-leaf models

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Bond-Lamberty, Benjamin; Fisk, Justin P.; Holm, Jennifer; Bailey, Vanessa L.; Bohrer, Gil; Gough, Christopher

    2015-01-27

    Disturbance-induced tree mortality is a key factor regulating the carbon balance of a forest, but tree mortality and its subsequent effects are poorly represented processes in terrestrial ecosystem models. It is thus unclear whether models can robustly simulate moderate (non-catastrophic) disturbances, which tend to increase biological and structural complexity and are increasingly common in aging US forests. We tested whether three forest ecosystem models – Biome-BGC (BioGeochemical Cycles), a classic big-leaf model, and the ZELIG and ED (Ecosystem Demography) gap-oriented models – could reproduce the resilience to moderate disturbance observed in an experimentally manipulated forest (the Forest Accelerated Succession Experimentmore »in northern Michigan, USA, in which 38% of canopy dominants were stem girdled and compared to control plots). Each model was parameterized, spun up, and disturbed following similar protocols and run for 5 years post-disturbance. The models replicated observed declines in aboveground biomass well. Biome-BGC captured the timing and rebound of observed leaf area index (LAI), while ZELIG and ED correctly estimated the magnitude of LAI decline. None of the models fully captured the observed post-disturbance C fluxes, in particular gross primary production or net primary production (NPP). Biome-BGC NPP was correctly resilient but for the wrong reasons, and could not match the absolute observational values. ZELIG and ED, in contrast, exhibited large, unobserved drops in NPP and net ecosystem production. The biological mechanisms proposed to explain the observed rapid resilience of the C cycle are typically not incorporated by these or other models. It is thus an open question whether most ecosystem models will simulate correctly the gradual and less extensive tree mortality characteristic of moderate disturbances.« less

  19. Moderate forest disturbance as a stringent test for gap and big-leaf models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bond-Lamberty, Benjamin; Fisk, Justin P.; Holm, Jennifer; Bailey, Vanessa L.; Bohrer, Gil; Gough, Christopher

    2015-01-01

    Disturbance-induced tree mortality is a key factor regulating the carbon balance of a forest, but tree mortality and its subsequent effects are poorly represented processes in terrestrial ecosystem models. It is thus unclear whether models can robustly simulate moderate (non-catastrophic) disturbances, which tend to increase biological and structural complexity and are increasingly common in aging US forests. We tested whether three forest ecosystem models – Biome-BGC (BioGeochemical Cycles), a classic big-leaf model, and the ZELIG and ED (Ecosystem Demography) gap-oriented models – could reproduce the resilience to moderate disturbance observed in an experimentally manipulated forest (the Forest Accelerated Succession Experiment in northern Michigan, USA, in which 38% of canopy dominants were stem girdled and compared to control plots). Each model was parameterized, spun up, and disturbed following similar protocols and run for 5 years post-disturbance. The models replicated observed declines in aboveground biomass well. Biome-BGC captured the timing and rebound of observed leaf area index (LAI), while ZELIG and ED correctly estimated the magnitude of LAI decline. None of the models fully captured the observed post-disturbance C fluxes, in particular gross primary production or net primary production (NPP). Biome-BGC NPP was correctly resilient but for the wrong reasons, and could not match the absolute observational values. ZELIG and ED, in contrast, exhibited large, unobserved drops in NPP and net ecosystem production. The biological mechanisms proposed to explain the observed rapid resilience of the C cycle are typically not incorporated by these or other models. It is thus an open question whether most ecosystem models will simulate correctly the gradual and less extensive tree mortality characteristic of moderate disturbances.

  20. March 24, 2008 ADBS: Index 1 Indexing Structures for Files

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adam, Salah

    , the binary search cost would be: log2b= log230000= 15 block accesses #12;March 24, 2008 ADBS: Index 6March 24, 2008 ADBS: Index 1 Indexing Structures for Files #12;March 24, 2008 ADBS: Index 2 Chapter Outline Indexes as Access Paths Single Level Indexes Primary Indexes Clustering Indexes Secondary Indexes

  1. RedLeaf Resources Ecoshale Project | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    RedLeaf Resources Ecoshale Project RedLeaf Resources Ecoshale Project Overview of oil shale reserves, unique oil extraction issues, novel approach for cost-effective extraction...

  2. Nucleic acid indexing

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Guilfoyle, Richard A. (Madison, WI); Guo, Zhen (Bellevue, WA)

    1999-01-01

    A restriction site indexing method for selectively amplifying any fragment generated by a Class II restriction enzyme includes adaptors specific to fragment ends containing adaptor indexing sequences complementary to fragment indexing sequences near the termini of fragments generated by Class II enzyme cleavage. A method for combinatorial indexing facilitates amplification of restriction fragments whose sequence is not known.

  3. Nucleic acid indexing

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Guilfoyle, Richard A. (Madison, WI); Guo, Zhen (Bellevue, WA)

    2001-01-01

    A restriction site indexing method for selectively amplifying any fragment generated by a Class II restriction enzyme includes adaptors specific to fragment ends containing adaptor indexing sequences complementary to fragment indexing sequences near the termini of fragments generated by Class II enzyme cleavage. A method for combinatorial indexing facilitates amplification of restriction fragments whose sequence is not known.

  4. Animal behaviour Ancient death-grip leaf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ant species, the car- penter ant Camponotus leonardi [3]. The manipulation of ant behaviour is precise [4]. For the leaf that becomes a platform for this manipulation, the relevant obser- vation

  5. How cellulose-based leaf toughness and lamina density contribute to long leaf lifespans of shade-tolerant species

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kitajima, Kaoru

    How cellulose-based leaf toughness and lamina density contribute to long leaf lifespans of shade-8137.2012.04203.x Key words: anti-herbivory defence, cellulose, herbivory, lamina density, leaf lifespan, leaf, a recently recognized indicator of material strength per unit mass, was linearly correlated with cellulose

  6. Fact #737: July 23, 2012 Upstream Emissions for Nissan Leaf

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The all-electric Nissan Leaf does not emit tailpipe emissions like an internal combustion engine, but there are emissions associated with the production of electricity to fuel the Leaf, called...

  7. Climate uncertainty on leaf surfaces Sylvain Pincebourde and Art Woods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giron, David - Institut de Recherche sur la Biologie de l'Insecte, Université François Rabelais

    that leaves provide are correspondingly important. The leaf surface is heated by sunlight and cooled by wind and transpiration, such that the leaf temperature can differ from ambient air temperature by several degrees or more

  8. Mycosphaerella species causing leaf disease in South African Eucalyptus plantations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mycosphaerella species causing leaf disease in South African Eucalyptus plantations Gavin C. HUNTER Eucalyptus plantations provide an important source of hardwood for forestry industries, worldwide. Several species of Mycosphaerella are associated with a destructive Eucalyptus leaf disease known

  9. Superconnections and Index Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kahle, Alexander

    2008-01-01

    We investigate index theory in the context of Dirac operators coupled to superconnections. In particular, we prove a local index theorem for such operators, and for families of such operators. We investigate eta-invariants and prove an APS-theorem, and construct a geometric determinant line bundle for families of such operators, computing its curvature and holonomy in terms of familiar index theoretic quantities.

  10. Turbine rotor-stator leaf seal and related method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Herron, William Lee (Cincinnati, OH); Butkiewicz, Jeffrey John (Simpsonville, SC)

    2003-01-01

    A seal assembly for installation between rotating and stationary components of a machine includes a first plurality of leaf spring segments secured to the stationary component in a circumferential array surrounding the rotating component, the leaf spring segments each having a radial mounting portion and a substantially axial sealing portion, the plurality of leaf spring segments shingled in a circumferential direction.

  11. Red Leaf Resources and the Commercialization of Oil Shale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utah, University of

    Red Leaf Resources and the Commercialization of Oil Shale #12;About Red Leaf Resources 2006 Company commercial development field activities #12;Highlights Proven, Revolutionary Oil Shale Extraction Process Technology Significant Owned Oil Shale Resource #12;· The executive management team of Red Leaf Resources

  12. Manual of Leaf Architecture Morphological description and categorization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilf, Peter

    - 1 - Manual of Leaf Architecture Morphological description and categorization of dicotyledonous reserved. Published and distributed by: Leaf Architecture Working Group c/o Scott Wing Department-9677554-0-9 Please cite as: Manual of Leaf Architecture - morphological description and categorization

  13. Leaf Sequencing Algorithms for Segmented Multileaf Collimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sahni, Sartaj K.

    fluence map into a leaf sequence file that controls the movement of the MLC during radiation delivery and Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA Department of Radiation Oncology, University modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) with a multileaf collimator (MLC) requires the conversion of a radiation

  14. Use of NAP gene to manipulate leaf senescence in plants

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gan, Susheng; Guo, Yongfeng

    2013-04-16

    The present invention discloses transgenic plants having an altered level of NAP protein compared to that of a non-transgenic plant, where the transgenic plants display an altered leaf senescence phenotype relative to a non-transgenic plant, as well as mutant plants comprising an inactivated NAP gene, where mutant plants display a delayed leaf senescence phenotype compared to that of a non-mutant plant. The present invention also discloses methods for delaying leaf senescence in a plant, as well as methods of making a mutant plant having a decreased level of NAP protein compared to that of a non-mutant plant, where the mutant plant displays a delayed leaf senescence phenotype relative to a non-mutant plant. Methods for causing precocious leaf senescence or promoting leaf senescence in a plant are also disclosed. Also disclosed are methods of identifying a candidate plant suitable for breeding that displays a delayed leaf senescence and/or enhanced yield phenotype.

  15. Advance Indexing July 3, 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nejdl, Wolfgang

    the existing index High query performance > contiguous posting list High index maintenance cost #121 Advance Indexing Limock July 3, 2014 #12;2 Papers 1) Gurajada, Sairam : "On-line index in inverted indexes." Proceedings of the 20th ACM international conference on Information and knowledge

  16. Summary In July 1993, we measured leaf conductance, carbon dioxide (CO2) assimilation, and transpiration in a Larix

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Summary In July 1993, we measured leaf conductance, carbon dioxide (CO2) assimilation to the value of 1.45 mm day-1 calculated from the energy balance and soil evaporation, and less than the value of 2.1mmday-1 measured by xylem flux. Daytime canopy carbon assimilation, expressed on a ground area

  17. Understanding ecological variation across species: area-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Ian

    and mass- based assimilation rate or nitrogen (N) content can equally be Table 1 The two main arguments put: Photosynthesis is naturally an area-based process. When it is expressed on a mass basis, the dominant axis and associated traits) and biochemistry (e.g. nitrogen (N)) affect leaf carbon exchange processes

  18. September 2008 TIMBER & FORESTRY INDEX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    are the S&P Emerging Markets Infrastructure Index, the S&P Global Alternative Energy Index, the S&P Global&P Global Alternative Energy Index. Designed to measure investable opportunities in the complete alternative energy space, the S&P Global Alternative Energy Index is the combination of the S&P Global Clean Energy

  19. Site Index - Hanford Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDidDevelopment Top Scientific ImpactTechnologies |Site Index Site Index

  20. Journal of Insect Physiology 52 (2006) 194201 Leaf miner-induced changes in leaf transmittance cause

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giron, David - Institut de Recherche sur la Biologie de l'Insecte, Université François Rabelais

    2006-01-01

    within plant tissues. The amount of CO2 released by larvae below feeding windows at high radiation levels an herbivore feeds on host plant. Modifications of leaf transmittance properties induced by feeding activity on the herbivore's body temperature and respiration rate have been determined under controlled conditions

  1. Leaf synchrony and insect herbivory among tropical tree habitat specialists

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fine, Paul V.A.

    Growth defense tradeoff theory predicts that plants in low-resource habitats invest more energy exhibit more synchrony in leaf pro- duction due to the low cost and investment to replace leaf tissue. We within four of five lineages, the direction of the effect was variable. All species showed short time

  2. March 29, 2008 ICS 541: Index Structures 1 Index Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adam, Salah

    Deletion cost Update cost Storage cost #12;March 29, 2008 ICS 541: Index Structures 3 - Lecture outline records per block Dense index space = 1000000/100 * 4k = 40MB. Binary search cost log2(10000) = 14 disk index blocks = 4MB Binary search cost log2(1000) = 10 disk accesses at most #12;March 29, 2008 ICS 541

  3. INDEX | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:on Openei | Open Energy2010) |OutlookINDEX Jump to:

  4. ARM - Site Index

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory of raregovAboutRecovery Act Recovery Act Logo SubscribegovSite Index Expand |

  5. Determining Genetic Overlap between Staygreen, Leaf Wax and Canopy Temperature Depression in Sorghum RILs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Awika, Henry

    2012-07-16

    major reduction in water demand by crops for food, bioenergy and feed. Enhanced manipulation and selection for drought resistance therefore becomes imperative. From the water loss perspective, high leaf wax has been positively correlated with a... with area 3.85cm 2. For 1dm2 = EWL*100/3.85, where: UA590 = absorbance of sample (unknown optical density). 2.2.4 Canopy temperature depression Temperature was taken from the flag leaves between 11.45 am and 1.45pm when correlation of CTD at anthesis...

  6. The sensitivity of patient specific IMRT QC to systematic MLC leaf bank offset errors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rangel, Alejandra; Palte, Gesa; Dunscombe, Peter [Department of Medical Physics, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, 1331-29 Street NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 4N2, Canada and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive North West, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4 (Canada); Department of Medical Physics, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, 1331-29 Street NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 4N2 (Canada); Department of Medical Physics, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, 1331-29 Street NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 4N2 (Canada); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4 (Canada) and Department of Oncology, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, 1331-29 Street NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 4N2 (Canada)

    2010-07-15

    Purpose: Patient specific IMRT QC is performed routinely in many clinics as a safeguard against errors and inaccuracies which may be introduced during the complex planning, data transfer, and delivery phases of this type of treatment. The purpose of this work is to evaluate the feasibility of detecting systematic errors in MLC leaf bank position with patient specific checks. Methods: 9 head and neck (H and N) and 14 prostate IMRT beams were delivered using MLC files containing systematic offsets ({+-}1 mm in two banks, {+-}0.5 mm in two banks, and 1 mm in one bank of leaves). The beams were measured using both MAPCHECK (Sun Nuclear Corp., Melbourne, FL) and the aS1000 electronic portal imaging device (Varian Medical Systems, Palo Alto, CA). Comparisons with calculated fields, without offsets, were made using commonly adopted criteria including absolute dose (AD) difference, relative dose difference, distance to agreement (DTA), and the gamma index. Results: The criteria most sensitive to systematic leaf bank offsets were the 3% AD, 3 mm DTA for MAPCHECK and the gamma index with 2% AD and 2 mm DTA for the EPID. The criterion based on the relative dose measurements was the least sensitive to MLC offsets. More highly modulated fields, i.e., H and N, showed greater changes in the percentage of passing points due to systematic MLC inaccuracy than prostate fields. Conclusions: None of the techniques or criteria tested is sufficiently sensitive, with the population of IMRT fields, to detect a systematic MLC offset at a clinically significant level on an individual field. Patient specific QC cannot, therefore, substitute for routine QC of the MLC itself.

  7. LEAFing Through New Vehicle Technology | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    the vehicles online. The LEAF is a five-passenger hatchback, powered by advanced lithium-ion batteries - with a range of more than 100 miles on a single charge. The vehicle...

  8. Index of /~paola/pictures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Index of /~paola/pictures. [ICO], Name · Last modified · Size · Description. [DIR], Parent Directory, -. [IMG], IM000060.jpg, 28-Aug-2003 17:54, 791K. [IMG] ...

  9. The Culture of Cigar Leaf Tobacco in Texas. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olson, Otto

    1912-01-01

    , and the ~ good, sound leaves as wrappers. There is at present a decided de- mand for these wrappers, principally because of the fact that they closely resemble the imported Cuban wrapper. The veins of the leaf are small so that the entire leaf can be used... veins" on the leaves, and the average yield was 1000 pounds per acre. As the average cost of prodncing this class of tobacco is aho~it Q cents per pound, the margin of profit mas not very great. This low price, in connection with the high prices paid...

  10. Aphid-tending Ants Affect Secondary Users in Leaf Shelters and Rates of Herbivory on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanders, Nathan J.

    Aphid-tending Ants Affect Secondary Users in Leaf Shelters and Rates of Herbivory on Salix communities within leaf shelters on Hooker's willow (Salix hookeriana) in a coastal dune ecosystem in northern

  11. Cotton Leaf Grade as Influenced by Harvest Aid Regimes and Cultivar Characteristics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eder, Zachary Phillip

    2013-08-09

    Cotton, Gossypium hirsutum L., leaf grade values can significantly increase with remnants of leaf and bract materials, and can result in increased ginning costs and discounts to the producer. Cotton classed through the ...

  12. Understanding and predicting global leaf phenology using satellite observations of vegetation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caldararu, Silvia

    2013-07-01

    Leaf phenology refers to the timing of leaf life cycle events and is essential to our understanding of the earth system as it impacts the terrestrial carbon and water cycles and indirectly global climate through changes ...

  13. Human impacts on leaf economics in heterogeneous landscapes: the effect of harvesting non-timber forest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sack, Lawren

    Human impacts on leaf economics in heterogeneous landscapes: the effect of harvesting non tested the effect of foliage harvest by indigenous Fulani people on leaf stoichiometry and eco- nomics with world-wide trends in leaf economics. The effect of foliage harvest on foliar nutrient concentrations

  14. Major Evolutionary Trends in Hydrogen Isotope Fractionation of Vascular Plant Leaf Waxes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Erika J.

    Major Evolutionary Trends in Hydrogen Isotope Fractionation of Vascular Plant Leaf Waxes Li Gao1 States of America Abstract Hydrogen isotopic ratios of terrestrial plant leaf waxes (dD) have been widely in leaf wax dD values in different terrestrial vascular plants are still poorly understood, hampering

  15. Environmental control on eastern broadleaf forest species' leaf wax distributions and D/H ratios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Environmental control on eastern broadleaf forest species' leaf wax distributions and D/H ratios the degree to which an individual plant's leaf waxes D/H ratios are affected by these parameters remains- sitions of leaf wax n-alkanes, stem and surface waters were analyzed and compared against high

  16. Hydrogen isotopic variability in leaf waxes among terrestrial and aquatic plants around Blood Pond, Massachusetts (USA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Hydrogen isotopic variability in leaf waxes among terrestrial and aquatic plants around Blood Pond interpretation of the hydrogen isotope ratios of plant leaf waxes extracted from sediments requires a thor- ough at a single site to determine how leaf wax hydro- gen isotope (D/H) ratios differ in different plant types

  17. Environmental control on eastern broadleaf forest species' leaf wax distributions and D/H ratios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tipple, Brett

    Environmental control on eastern broadleaf forest species' leaf wax distributions and D/H ratios plant's leaf waxes D/H ratios are affected by these parameters remains in question. Understanding Coast of the US, from Florida to Maine. Hydrogen isotopic compo- sitions of leaf wax n-alkanes, stem

  18. Phenotypic Plasticity of Leaf Shape along a Temperature Gradient in Acer rubrum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royer, Dana

    Phenotypic Plasticity of Leaf Shape along a Temperature Gradient in Acer rubrum Dana L. Royer1 plasticity and genetic determination can be important for understanding how plants respond to environmental change. However, little is known about the plastic response of leaf teeth and leaf dissection

  19. PII S0016-7037(02)00964-X Leaf cellulose D and 18

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PII S0016-7037(02)00964-X Leaf cellulose D and 18 O trends with elevation differ in direction among of stable isotopes in fossil leaf cellulose could be enhanced by adequate calibration. This potential from rodent middens. Trends in D and 18 O of leaf cellulose were examined for three species growing

  20. Original article Energy balance storage terms and big-leaf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    for the determination of big leaf forest evapotranspiration are not of the utmost importance. energy storage / deciduous. The available energy is defined as the net radiation (Rn), from which the net change in energy storage within), biomass heat storage (Sv) and photosynthetic energy storage (Sp). Soil heat storage Sg can be further

  1. Research Areas

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid youOxygen Generation |Publications TheGashome /Areas Research Areas

  2. Oak Leaf Roller and Springtime Defoliation of Live Oak Trees 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drees, Bastiaan M.

    2004-03-26

    . Two such caterpillars are the oak leaf roller, Archips semiferana (Walker) (Lepi- doptera: Tortricidae), and an associated species, Sparga- nothis pettitana. These insects occur throughout Texas but are most destructive in the Hill Country and South... broad- rimmed hats and long-sleeved shirts while out- doors may also help prevent contact with these insects. Damage When a tree is defoliated during the growing season, it becomes stressed and occasionally seri- ous damage can occur. Green leaves...

  3. INDEX

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 CLAUSE 6 - COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS (CAS) LIABILITY . . . . . . . . . . . 9 CLAUSE 7 - DISCLOSURE AND USE...

  4. index

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    alcator c-mod Alcator Alcator Introduction Facility Information Tokamak Data & Real-Time Information Computer & Data Systems Research Program Information Publications & News...

  5. Index

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation CurrentHenry Bellamy,ImpactScientific and TechnicalApril 2015Science DataInder

  6. Indexes to Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances, January--June 1995. Volume 41, Index 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-09-01

    Digests and indexes for issuances of the Commission (CLI), the Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel (LBP), the Administrative Law Judges (ALJ), the directors` Decisions (DD), and the Denials of Petitions for rulemaking (DPRM) are presented in this document. These digests and indexes are intended to serve as a guide to the issuances. The information elements are displayed in one or more of five separate formats arranged as follows: Case name index; digests and headers; legal citations index; subject index; and facility index.

  7. INDEX TO VOLUME 147 This index provides coverage for both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    _production@ODP.TAMU.EDU Index to Volume 147 #12;533 VOLUME 147 SUBJECT INDEX accessory minerals, petrography, A:62­63 actinolite

  8. SCALABLE REACHABILITY INDEXING FOR VERY LARGE GRAPHS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaki, Mohammed Javeed

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 iii #12;3. GRAIL: Scalable Reachability Index for Large Graphs . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 3.3 GRAIL Approach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 3.3.1 Index GRAIL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 4.1 Topological Level Filter

  9. High index contrast platform for silicon photonics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akiyama, Shoji, 1972-

    2004-01-01

    This thesis focuses on silicon-based high index contrast (HIC) photonics. In addition to mature fiber optics or low index contrast (LIC) platform, which is often referred to as Planar Lightwave Cirrcuit (PLC) or Silica ...

  10. index | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    program needs and developing new concepts in the areas of analytical biogeochemistry, geology, and monitoring. Specific expertise includes: Analytical- Bio- and Geo- Chemistries...

  11. Body Mass Index - HPMC Occupational Health Services

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Health Education & Wellness > Health Calculators & Logs > Body Mass Index Health Education & Wellness Downloads & Patient Materials Health & Productivity Health Calculators & Logs...

  12. Durable Goods, Price Indexes, and Monetary Policy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Kyoung Soo

    2009-05-15

    and non-durable goods. In the models with durable goods, the COLI (Cost of Living Index) and the PPI (Producer Price Index) identical to the CPI (Consumer Price Index) measured by the acquisitions approach are distinguished, and the COLI/PPI ratio plays...

  13. Access Paths Multi-dimensional Index Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mannheim, Universität

    for result TID-lists) · high cost for intersection if one of the indexes deliverse many results · But') · index.find_key(`ZH1984') · Discussion: · cost equivalent to the cost of a one-dimensional access! KeyAccess Paths Multi-dimensional Index Structures 1Freitag, 4. Juni 2010 #12;September 27, 2007

  14. Equity and Equity Index Derivatives Trading Strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciocan-Fontanine, Ionut

    Indexes 20 Theoretical (Fair) Value 21 Basis 22 Cost of Carry = Basis Equity Index Futures Strategies 23e u r e x Equity and Equity Index Derivatives Trading Strategies e u r e x #12;Please Note The definitions of "basis" and "cost of carry" have been changed in this version of the brochure. In previous

  15. Phytologia (December 2009) 91(3) 571 VARIATION AMONG THE SMOOTH-LEAF MARGINED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    -coumarate: CoA Ligase, Abscisic acid-insensitive 3, petN, psbM, SNPs, taxonomy. The smooth-leaf margined

  16. A Tomato Detached Leaf Assay for Chemical Genomics of an HLB Model System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patne, S.; Eulgem, T.; Roose, M. L.

    2014-01-01

    Leaf Assay for Chemical Genomics of an HLB Model Systemapproach known as chemical genomics with Tomato “Psyllida model of HLB. Chemical genomics involves three key stages

  17. Leaf seal for transition duct in turbine system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Flanagan, James Scott; LeBegue, Jeffrey Scott; McMahan, Kevin Weston; Dillard, Daniel Jackson; Pentecost, Ronnie Ray

    2013-06-11

    A turbine system is disclosed. In one embodiment, the turbine system includes a transition duct. The transition duct includes an inlet, an outlet, and a passage extending between the inlet and the outlet and defining a longitudinal axis, a radial axis, and a tangential axis. The outlet of the transition duct is offset from the inlet along the longitudinal axis and the tangential axis. The transition duct further includes an interface member for interfacing with a turbine section. The turbine system further includes a leaf seal contacting the interface member to provide a seal between the interface member and the turbine section.

  18. AVTA: 2011 Nissan Leaf All-Electric Vehicle Testing Reports

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on an all-electric 2011 Nissan Leaf. The baseline performance testing provides a point of comparison for the other test results. Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  19. A Unified Approach For Indexed and Non-Indexed Spatial Joins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suel, Torsten

    ,or solvethe problem by sort- ing, partitioning, or on-the-fly index construction. In this paper, we develop propose the use of a simple cost model to decide when to follow an index-basedapproach. 1 IntroductionA Unified Approach For Indexed and Non-Indexed Spatial Joins Lars Arge1?, Octavian Procopiuc1

  20. A Unified Approach For Indexed and NonIndexed Spatial Joins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suel, Torsten

    process, or solve the problem by sort­ ing, partitioning, or on­the­fly index construction. In this paper time, and hence we propose the use of a simple cost model to decide when to follow an indexA Unified Approach For Indexed and Non­Indexed Spatial Joins Lars Arge 1? , Octavian Procopiuc 1

  1. A Unified Approach For Indexed and Non-Indexed Spatial Joins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arge, Lars

    during the join process,or solvethe problem by sort- ing, partitioning, or on-the-fly index construction, and hence we propose the use of a simple cost model to decide when to follow an index-basedapproach. 1A Unified Approach For Indexed and Non-Indexed Spatial Joins Lars Arge ¢¡ , Octavian Procopiuc

  2. Use of the Palmer Index and Other Water Supply Indexes for Drought Monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the Water Availability Task Force Time, Effort, and Cost of Producing the Palmer Index for Operational UseUse of the Palmer Index and Other Water Supply Indexes for Drought Monitoring in Colorado colorado for Development of Colorado's Drought MOnitoring Capabilities 5II. THE PALMER INDEX 5 10 10 12 A. B. C. D. History

  3. Simulating boreal forest carbon dynamics after stand-replacing fire disturbance: insights from a global process-based vegetation model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    NPP, GPP, respiration, and NEP during boreal forest succes-evaluated comprise GPP, NEP, TER, leaf area index (LAI),net ecosystem production or NEP, total ecosystem respiration

  4. Amer. J. Bot. 74(9):1359-1372. 1987. LEAF TYPES IN THE ARACEAE1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ray, Thomas S.

    to the impact of shoot organization on leaf form, and to develop a leaf terminology that will aid in describing ve- nation, and shapes such as pinnate, hastate, perforate, digitate, pedate, entire, sagittate, etc the various types is provided. This classification ofleaftypes hasbeen pre- pared becausea recognition

  5. Global relationship of wood and leaf litter decomposability: the role of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    META ANALYSIS Global relationship of wood and leaf litter decomposability: the role of functional and their phylogenetic history influence decay rates of dead wood and leaf litter, but it remains unknown if decay rates of wood and litter covary over a wide range of tree species and across ecosystems. We evaluated

  6. DOI: 10.1093/jxb/erf069 The hydraulic conductance of the angiosperm leaf lamina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holbrook, N. Michele

    , high- pressure method, hydraulic conductance, leaves, vacuum pump method. Introduction As liquid movesDOI: 10.1093/jxb/erf069 The hydraulic conductance of the angiosperm leaf lamina: a comparison the leaf lamina hydraulic conductance (Klamina) for detached mature leaves of six woody temperate

  7. Phytologia (April 2012) 94(1) 91 SEASONAL VARIATION IN THE LEAF ESSENTIAL OIL OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    Phytologia (April 2012) 94(1) 91 SEASONAL VARIATION IN THE LEAF ESSENTIAL OIL OF TAXODIUM DISTICHUM Robert_Adams@baylor.edu ABSTRACT The leaf essential oil of Taxodium distichum is dominated by -pinene (63-69%) with moderate amounts of limonene, - phellandrene, myrcene and -pinene. Oil yield increased from April (3.45 mg

  8. Scientific paper A List of Eucalyptus Leaf Fungi and their Potential Importance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scientific paper A List of Eucalyptus Leaf Fungi and their Potential Importance to South African is made of the status of the fungi, and also of recent trends in Eucalyptus leaf pathology. INTRODUCTION Most of the approximately 600 Eucalyptus spp. and varieties are endemic to Australia and Papua New

  9. Phytologia (January 2014) 96(1)28 The leaf essential oil of Juniperus formosana (Taiwan) compared

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    Phytologia (January 2014) 96(1)28 The leaf essential oil of Juniperus formosana (Taiwan) compared Biology, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan and Ge-lin Chu Institute of Botany, Northwest of Juniperus formosana, J. jackii and J. mairei are presented. The volatile leaf oil of J. formosana (Taiwan

  10. Spatial variation of dosimetric leaf gap and its impact on dose delivery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kumaraswamy, Lalith K.; Schmitt, Jonathan D.; Bailey, Daniel W.; Xu, Zheng Zheng; Podgorsak, Matthew B.

    2014-11-01

    Purpose: During dose calculation, the Eclipse treatment planning system (TPS) retracts the multileaf collimator (MLC) leaf positions by half of the dosimetric leaf gap (DLG) value (measured at central axis) for all leaf positions in a dynamic MLC plan to accurately model the rounded leaf ends. The aim of this study is to map the variation of DLG along the travel path of each MLC leaf pair and quantify how this variation impacts delivered dose. Methods: 6 MV DLG values were measured for all MLC leaf pairs in increments of 1.0 cm (from the line intersecting the CAX and perpendicular to MLC motion) to 13.0 cm off axis distance at dmax. The measurements were performed on two Varian linear accelerators, both employing the Millennium 120-leaf MLCs. The measurements were performed at several locations in the beam with both a Sun Nuclear MapCHECK device and a PTW pinpoint ion chamber. Results: The measured DLGs for the middle 40 MLC leaf pairs (each 0.5 cm width) at positions along a line through the CAX and perpendicular to MLC leaf travel direction were very similar, varying maximally by only 0.2 mm. The outer 20 MLC leaf pairs (each 1.0 cm width) have much lower DLG values, about 0.3–0.5 mm lower than the central MLC leaf pair, at their respective central line position. Overall, the mean and the maximum variation between the 0.5 cm width leaves and the 1.0 cm width leaf pairs are 0.32 and 0.65 mm, respectively. Conclusions: The spatial variation in DLG is caused by the variation of intraleaf transmission through MLC leaves. Fluences centered on the CAX would not be affected since DLG does not vary; but any fluences residing significantly off axis with narrow sweeping leaves may exhibit significant dose differences. This is due to the fact that there are differences in DLG between the true DLG exhibited by the 1.0 cm width outer leaves and the constant DLG value utilized by the TPS for dose calculation. Since there are large differences in DLG between the 0.5 cm width leaf pairs and 1.0 cm width leaf pairs, there is a need to correct the TPS plans, especially those with high modulation (narrow dynamic MLC gap), with 2D variation of DLG.

  11. TOMATO: Lycopersicon esculentum (Mill.), `Florida 47' CONTROL OF SILVERLEAF WHITEFLY AND INCIDENCE OF TOMATO YELLOW LEAF CURL VIRUS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Lena

    AND INCIDENCE OF TOMATO YELLOW LEAF CURL VIRUS ON STAKED TOMATO WITH NEONICOTINOID AND OTHER INSECTICIDES, 2005 (SLW) and whitefly-borne tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) are major constraints to tomato

  12. Locking mechanism for indexing device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lindemeyer, Carl W. (Aurora, IL)

    1984-01-01

    Disclosed is a locking mechanism for an indexing spindle. A conventional r gear having outwardly extending teeth is affixed to the spindle. Also included is a rotatably mounted camshaft whose axis is arranged in skewed relationship with the axis of the spindle. A disk-like wedge having opposing camming surfaces is eccentrically mounted on the camshaft. As the camshaft is rotated, the camming surfaces of the disc-like member are interposed between adjacent gear teeth with a wiping action that wedges the disc-like member between the gear teeth. A zero backlash engagement between disc-like member and gear results, with the engagement having a high mechanical advantage so as to effectively lock the spindle against bidirectional rotation.

  13. Local index theorem for projective families

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benameur, M -T

    2010-01-01

    We give a superconnection proof of the cohomological form of Mathai-Melrose-Singer index theorem for the family of twisted Dirac operators under relaxed conditions.

  14. Index of /~wilker/misc/Electronics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Index of /~wilker/misc/Electronics. [ICO], Name · Last modified · Size · Description. [DIR], Parent Directory, -. [ ], dram.pdf, 11-Sep-1998 23:10, 124K. [ ] ...

  15. An index 2F2 hypergeometric transform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zouhair Mouayn

    2011-05-12

    We construct a new one-parameter family of index hypergeometric transforms associated with the relativistic pseudoharmonic oscillator by using coherent states analysis.

  16. AVTA: ARRA EV Project Nissan Leaf Data Summary Reports

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act supported a number of projects that together made up the largest ever deployment of plug-in electric vehicles and charging infrastructure in the U.S. The following reports provide summary overviews of the 5,700 all-electric Nissan Leafs deployed through the EV Project. It also deployed about 14,000 Level 2 PEV chargers and 300 DC fast chargers. Background data on how this data was collected is in the EV Project: About the Reports. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  17. AVTA: 2013 Nissan Leaf All-Electric Vehicle Testing Reports

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe early results of testing done on an all-electric 2013 Nissan Leaf. Baseline data, which provides a point of comparison for the other test results, was collected at two different research laboratories. Baseline and other data collected at Idaho National Laboratory is in the attached documents. Baseline and battery testing data collected at Argonne National Laboratory is available in summary and CSV form on the Argonne Downloadable Dynometer Database site (http://www.anl.gov/energy-systems/group/downloadable-dynamometer-databas...). Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing.

  18. Large area 3D helical photonic crystals A. K. Rauba)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Mexico, University of

    of helical structures (3D photonic crystals) using a simple, parallel, large-area lithography processLarge area 3D helical photonic crystals A. K. Rauba) and S. R. J. Brueckb) Center for High, enabling a high index contrast chiral meta- material. Optical transmission measurements of these helical

  19. VOL. 14 NO. 1, MARCH, 2009 Contents | Author index | Subject index | Search | Home

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antunes, Pedro

    VOL. 14 NO. 1, MARCH, 2009 Contents | Author index | Subject index | Search | Home Evaluating and their performance compared. Results. The method contributes to formative evaluation regarding the manipulation management, connected and disconnected modes, and other aspects. This concealment challenges groupware

  20. The SIGAPL Index of Technical Articles ACM SIGAPL intends to publish an annual index of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schneider, Glenn

    Dear Sir: The SIGAPL Index of Technical Articles ACM SIGAPL intends to publish an annual index. I look forward to hearing from you. Dick Bowman ACM SIGAPL cJo CEGB 85 Park Street London SE1

  1. Image indexing using color correlograms

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Huang, Jing (Ossining, NY); Kumar, Shanmugasundaram Ravi (San Jose, CA); Mitra, Mandar (Calcutta, IN); Zhu, Wei-Jing (Ossining, NY)

    2001-01-01

    A color correlogram is a three-dimensional table indexed by color and distance between pixels which expresses how the spatial correlation of color changes with distance in a stored image. The color correlogram may be used to distinguish an image from other images in a database. To create a color correlogram, the colors in the image are quantized into m color values, c.sub.i . . . c.sub.m. Also, the distance values k.epsilon.[d] to be used in the correlogram are determined where [d] is the set of distances between pixels in the image, and where dmax is the maximum distance measurement between pixels in the image. Each entry (i, j, k) in the table is the probability of finding a pixel of color c.sub.i at a selected distance k from a pixel of color c.sub.i. A color autocorrelogram, which is a restricted version of the color correlogram that considers color pairs of the form (i,i) only, may also be used to identify an image.

  2. Strategic Planning Retreat Index Title Slide #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;#12;Strategic Planning Retreat Index Title Slide # Index 1 On the Horizon (President Pastides Carolina Board Strategic Planning Council March 28-29, 2010 9 #12;StrategicStrategic FinanceFinance 10 #12) 2-8 Strategic Finance 9-43Strategic Finance (Moore, Brunelli, Walton, Quasney) 9 43 Academics

  3. OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM CUMULATIVE INDEX GEOGRAPHIC AND SITE INDEX 1AABW Africa SW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM CUMULATIVE INDEX GEOGRAPHIC AND SITE INDEX 1AABW · Africa SW A AABW. See Antarctic Bottom Water AAIW. See Antarctic Intermediate Water Abaco event, geology, 101B27:428­430; 29:1­19 organogenic dolomites, 175B15:1­17 pore water, 175A20:547­553 #12;OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM CUMULATIVE INDEX

  4. INDEX TO VOLUME 149 This index provides coverage for both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , geologic, and other terms are referenced only if they are subjects of discussion. This index also includes- ing Program. The index contains two hierarchies of entries: (1) a main entry, defined as a keyword, defined as an elaboration on the main entry fol- lowed by a page reference. The index covers text, figures

  5. INDEX TO VOLUME 131 This index provides coverage for both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , geologic, and other terms are referenced only if they are subjects of discussion. This index also includes to the Ocean Drilling Program. The index contains two hierarchies of entries: (1) a main entry, defined) a subentry, defined as an elaboration on the main entry followed by a page reference. The index is presented

  6. INDEX TO VOLUME 136 This index provides coverage for both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , geologic, and other terms are referenced only if they are subjects of discussion. This index also includes to the Ocean Drilling Program. The index contains two hierarchies of entries: (1) a main entry, defined) a subentry, defined as an elaboration on the main entry fol- lowed by a page reference. The index

  7. INDEX TO VOLUME 133 This index provides coverage for both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , geologic, and other terms are referenced only if they are subjects of discussion. This index also includes to the Ocean Drilling Program. The index contains two hierarchies of entries: (1) a main entry, defined) a subentry, defined as an elaboration on the main entry fol- lowed by a page reference. The index

  8. Method of identifying features in indexed data

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jarman, Kristin H. (Richland, WA) [Richland, WA; Daly, Don Simone (Richland, WA) [Richland, WA; Anderson, Kevin K. (Richland, WA) [Richland, WA; Wahl, Karen L. (Richland, WA) [Richland, WA

    2001-06-26

    The present invention is a method of identifying features in indexed data, especially useful for distinguishing signal from noise in data provided as a plurality of ordered pairs. Each of the plurality of ordered pairs has an index and a response. The method has the steps of: (a) providing an index window having a first window end located on a first index and extending across a plurality of indices to a second window end; (b) selecting responses corresponding to the plurality of indices within the index window and computing a measure of dispersion of the responses; and (c) comparing the measure of dispersion to a dispersion critical value. Advantages of the present invention include minimizing signal to noise ratio, signal drift, varying baseline signal and combinations thereof.

  9. Microelectromechanical reciprocating-tooth indexing apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Allen, James J. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1999-01-01

    An indexing apparatus is disclosed that can be used to rotate a gear or move a rack in a precise, controllable manner. The indexing apparatus, based on a reciprocating shuttle driven by one or more actuators, can be formed either as a micromachine, or as a millimachine. The reciprocating shuttle of the indexing apparatus can be driven by a thermal, electrostatic or electromagnetic actuator, with one or more wedge-shaped drive teeth of the shuttle being moveable to engage and slide against indexing teeth on the gear or rack, thereby moving the gear or rack. The indexing apparatus can be formed by either surface micromachining processes or LIGA processes, depending on the size of the apparatus that is to be formed.

  10. Wildlife Management Areas (Florida)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Certain sites in Florida are designated as wildlife management areas, and construction and development is heavily restricted in these areas.

  11. Physiological aspects of drought resistance in sorghum (Sorghum Bicolor L. Moench) hybrids which differ in leaf retention during grain-fill 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McIntyre, Brenda Lynn

    1983-01-01

    in adaptational background (ATx378 X RTx7000 ? temperately- adapted, senescent (5); ATx623 X 74CS5388 ? tropically-adapted, non- senescent (NS)). In 1981, ATx623 X 74CS5388 maintained higher culm solute levels and greater leaf areas after stress treatment (80... dehydration. Cultivars differed significantly in sto- matal sensitivity to 4 decline. ATx623 X 74CS5388 reduced stomatal apertures more rapidly but maintained them to lower 4 levels. In the second season however stomata of both cultivars were relatively...

  12. index | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired SolarAboutXu Named| Princetondefault SignANWR, 1002 Area,

  13. index | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired SolarAboutXu Named| Princetondefault SignANWR, 1002 Area,National

  14. index | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired SolarAboutXu Named| Princetondefault SignANWR,Analysis Focus Area

  15. Backyard Leaf Composting Franklin Flower, Extension Specialist Emeritus in Environmental Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rainforth, Emma C.

    Backyard Leaf Composting Franklin Flower, Extension Specialist Emeritus in Environmental Science. Thisprocessinvolves primarily the microbial decomposition of organic matter. Compost - the end result - is a dark. The Composting Process Compostingspeedsnaturaldecompositionundersemi- controlled conditions. Raw organic

  16. Inheritance of Parthenocarpy in the little leaf cucumber (Cucumis sativus, L.) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Albrecht, David William

    1994-01-01

    The parthenocarpic trait in the little leaf cucumber was determined to be inherited by an incompletely dominant gene (P) . The early parthenocarpic class, genotype PP, generally produces five or more fruit beginning by the sixth node. Fewer fruits...

  17. Molecular and cytological analysis of a novel leaf rust resistance gene in wheat 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franks, Cleve Douglas

    2002-01-01

    A novel wheat leaf rust resistance gene from Aegilops cylindricum accession TTCC295 was investigated, using both cytogenetic and molecular tools. Previous work had introgressed this gene into adapted wheat germplasm, which was crossed to 'Chinese...

  18. In vitro propagation and chimeral traits of Cryptanthus 'Marian Oppenheimer' (wide leaf clone) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koh, Yong Cheong

    1994-01-01

    to regenerate plantlets. True to type, green and albino plantlets were obtained from callus produced by the leaves of greenhouse grown Cryptanthus 'Marian Oppenheimer' (wide leaf clone) which is terrestrial ornamental bromeliad in the form of a rosette whose...

  19. A remarkable new leaf-cutter bee from Thailand (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engel, Michael S.; Baker, D. B.

    2006-01-01

    A remarkable new species of leaf-cutter bee, Megachile trichorhytisma ENGEL sp. n., is described and figured from two males collected in northern Thailand. The species is placed in a new subgenus, Aethomegachile ENGEL & BAKER subgen. n...

  20. Temporal Index Sharding for Space-Time Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldmann, Uwe

    each index list with almost zero increase in index size but still minimizes the cost of reading indexTemporal Index Sharding for Space-Time Efficiency in Archive Search Avishek Anand Srikanta Bedathur involve slicing either the entire collection [19] or individual index lists [9] along the time-axis. Both

  1. Formation of bulk refractive index structures

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Potter, Jr., Barrett George; Potter, Kelly Simmons; Wheeler, David R.; Jamison, Gregory M.

    2003-07-15

    A method of making a stacked three-dimensional refractive index structure in photosensitive materials using photo-patterning where first determined is the wavelength at which a photosensitive material film exhibits a change in refractive index upon exposure to optical radiation, a portion of the surfaces of the photosensitive material film is optically irradiated, the film is marked to produce a registry mark. Multiple films are produced and aligned using the registry marks to form a stacked three-dimensional refractive index structure.

  2. Area Activation 1 Running Head: AREA ACTIVATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pomplun, Marc

    Area Activation 1 Running Head: AREA ACTIVATION Advancing Area Activation towards a General Model at Boston 100 Morrissey Boulevard Boston, MA 02125-3393 USA Phone: 617-287-6485 Fax: 617-287-6433 e. Without great effort, human observers clearly outperform every current artificial vision system in tasks

  3. SU-E-T-428: Dosimetric Impact of Multileaf Collimator Leaf Width On Single and multiple Isocenter Stereotactic IMRT Treatment Plans for multiple Brain Tumors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Giem, J; Algan, O; Ahmad, S; Ali, I; Young, J; Hossain, S

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: To assess the impacts that multileaf collimator (MLC) leaf width has on the dose conformity and normal brain tissue doses of single and multiple isocenter stereotactic IMRT (SRT) plans for multiple intracranial tumors. Methods: Fourteen patients with 2–3 targets were studied retrospectively. Patients treated with multiple isocenter treatment plans using 9 to 12 non-coplanar beams per lesion underwent repeat planning using single isocenter and 10 to 12 non-coplanar beams with 2.5mm, 3mm and 5mm MLC leaf widths. Brainlab iPlan treatment planning system for delivery with the 2.5mm MLC served as reference. Identical contour sets and dose-volume constraints were applied. The prescribed dose to each target was 25 Gy to be delivered over 5 fractions with a minimum of 99% dose to cover ? 95% of the target volume. Results: The lesions and normal brains ranged in size from 0.11 to 51.67cc (median, 2.75cc) and 1090 to 1641cc (median, 1401cc), respectively. The Paddick conformity index for single and multiple isocenter (2.5mm vs. 3mm and 5mm MLCs) was (0.79±0.08 vs. 0.79±0.07 and 0.77±0.08) and (0.79±0.09 vs. 0.77±0.09 and 0.76±0.08), respectively. The average normal brain volumes receiving 15 Gy for single and multiple isocenter (2.5mm vs. 3mm and 5mm MLCs) were (3.65% vs. 3.95% and 4.09%) and (2.89% vs. 2.91% and 2.92%), respectively. Conclusion: The average dose conformity observed for the different leaf width for single and multiple isocenter plans were similar, throughout. However, the average normal brain volumes receiving 2.5 to 15 Gy were consistently lower for the 2.5mm MLC leaf width, especially for single isocenter plans. The clinical consequences of these integral normal brain tissue doses are still unknown, but employing the use of the 2.5mm MLC option is desirable at sparing normal brain tissue for both single and multiple isocenter cases.

  4. PublicationFishery Index~ 1920-54

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PublicationFishery Index~ 1920-54 Publications of the Bureau of Fisheries And Fishery Publications in "An Analytical Subject Bibliography of the Publications of the Bureau of Fisheries, 1871

  5. DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements- Search Index

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index is a one-stop solution providing you with DOE's Guidance and Requirements documents combined into one file for easy download and use.

  6. An energy performance index for historic buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campbell, Scott

    1991-01-01

    This thesis reports studies conducted on historic buildings from the 1880 to 1900 era. These buildings were recently renovated and many more years of service are expected. Derivation of an energy demand prediction index was the primary study goal...

  7. Indexing spatio-temporal trajectories with efficient polynomial approximations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, J F; Ravishankar, C V

    2007-01-01

    we only count index construction costs, completely ignoringAs with offline index construction, SETI costs roughly halfSETI incurs I/O cost for index construction lower than the

  8. Indexing spatio-temporal trajectories with efficient polynomial approximations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, J F; Ravishankar, C V

    2007-01-01

    SETI incurs I/O cost for index construction lower than thein memory. I/O cost of online index construction for PA-leading to huge storage costs if we index all of the motion

  9. Breaking the Curse of Cardinality on Bitmap Indexes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Kesheng

    2008-01-01

    and query processing costs of binned indexes with OrBiC. Ourquery processing cost of the projection index is always Nof our binned index with OrBiC costs less than 4 × 10 8

  10. Maximum Estrada Index of Bicyclic Graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Long; Wang, Yi

    2012-01-01

    Let $G$ be a simple graph of order $n$, let $\\lambda_1(G),\\lambda_2(G),...,\\lambda_n(G)$ be the eigenvalues of the adjacency matrix of $G$. The Esrada index of $G$ is defined as $EE(G)=\\sum_{i=1}^{n}e^{\\lambda_i(G)}$. In this paper we determine the unique graph with maximum Estrada index among bicyclic graphs with fixed order.

  11. INDEX TO VOLUME 144 This index provides coverage for both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of individuals, and routine front and back matter. The Subject Index follows a standard format. Geographic, authigenesis, B:465­466 aliphatic aci

  12. Tolerances on MLC leaf position accuracy for IMRT delivery with a dynamic MLC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rangel, Alejandra; Dunscombe, Peter [Department of Medical Physics, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, 1331-29 Street NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 4N2 (Canada) and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4 (Canada); Department of Medical Physics, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, 1331-29 Street NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 4N2 (Canada); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4 (Canada) and Department of Oncology, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, 1331-29 Street NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 4N2 (Canada)

    2009-07-15

    The objective determination of performance standards for radiation therapy equipment requires, ideally, establishing the quantitative relationship between performance deviations and clinical outcome or some acceptable surrogate. In this simulation study the authors analyzed the dosimetric impact of random (leaf by leaf) and systematic (entire leaf bank) errors in the position of the MLC leaves on seven clinical prostate and seven clinical head and neck IMRT plans delivered using a dynamic MLC. In-house software was developed to incorporate normally distributed errors of up to {+-}2 mm in individual leaf position or systematic errors ({+-}1 and {+-}0.5 mm in all leaves of both leaf banks or +1 mm in one bank only) into the 14 plans, thus simulating treatment delivery using a suboptimally performing MLC. The dosimetric consequences of suboptimal MLC performance were quantified using the equivalent uniform doses (EUDs) of the clinical target volumes and important organs at risk (OARs). The deviation of the EUDs of the selected structures as the performance of the MLC deteriorated was used as the objective surrogate of clinical outcome. Random errors of 2 mm resulted in negligible changes for all structures of interest in both sites. In contrast, systematic errors can lead to potentially significant dosimetric changes that may compromise clinical outcome. If a 2% change in EUD of the target and 2 Gy for the OARs were adopted as acceptable levels of deviation in dose due to MLC effects alone, then systematic errors in leaf position will need to be limited to 0.3 mm. This study provides guidance, based on a dosimetric surrogate of clinical outcome, for the development of one component, leaf position accuracy of performance standards for multileaf collimators.

  13. DOD AREA COST FACTORS (ACF) PAX Newsletter No 3.2.1, dated 20 Mar 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    , the ACF index is developed based on the local construction costs for a market basket of 8 Labor Crafts, 18 Construction, Army (MCA) and Army Family Housing (AFH) projects' DD Forms 1391 and ENG Form 3086 (budget cost which generate the ACF index have caused some fluctuations in area cost factor values, however

  14. Korean Classics Indexing Project Database Korean Classics Indexing Project Database is a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Po, Lai-Man

    Korean Classics Indexing Project Database · Korean Classics Indexing Project Database is a database written in Chinese · The database serves as a discovery tool to support teaching, learning and research's works shows that the Korean Database can help promote not only the research of Korean studies, but also

  15. INDEX TO VOLUME 143 This index provides coverage for both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , geologic, and other terms are referenced only if they are subjects of discussion. This index also includes. The index contains two hierarchies of entries: (1) a main entry, defined as a keyword or concept followed by a reference to the page on which that word or concept appears, and (2) a subentry, defined as an elaboration

  16. INDEX TO VOLUME 141 This index provides coverage for both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    format. Geographic, geologic, and other terms are referenced only if they are subjects of discussion to the Ocean Drilling Program. The index contains two hierarchies of entries: (1) a main entry, defined) a subentry, defined as an elaboration of the main entry fol- lowed by a page reference. The index is in two

  17. INDEX TO VOLUME 139 This index provides coverage for both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a standard format. Geographic, geologic, and other terms are referenced only if they are subjects to the Ocean Drilling Program. The index contains two hierarchies of entries: (1) a main entry, defined) a subentry, defined as an elaboration on the main entry fol- lowed by a page reference. The index

  18. INDEX TO VOLUME 145 This index provides coverage for both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    format. Geographic, geologic, and other terms are referenced only if they are subjects of discussion to the Ocean Drill- ing Program. The index contains two hierarchies of entries: (1) a main entry, defined) a subentry, defined as an elaboration on the main entry fol- lowed by a page reference. The index

  19. The University of Notre Dame Patterns of Leaf Mass, Area and Nitrogen in Young Northern Hardwood Forests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Battles, John

    Forests JEN CRAMER', TIM FAHEY2 ANDJOHN BATTLES3 Departmentof Natural Resources,12 FernowHall, Cornell's Terms and Conditions of Use, available at http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp. JSTOR

  20. Static Score Bucketing in Inverted Indexes Chavdar Botev

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fontoura, Marcus F.

    Static Score Bucketing in Inverted Indexes Chavdar Botev Cornell University 4130 Upson Hall Ithaca results when the entire inverted lists cannot be pro- cessed. This heuristic, however, increases the cost of index generation and requires complex index build algorithms. In this paper, we study a new index

  1. INDEX POLICIES FOR DISCOUNTED BANDIT PROBLEMS WITH AVAILABILITY CONSTRAINTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dayanik, Savas

    down and repair is an option at some cost, and we derive the corresponding Whittle index policy. WeINDEX POLICIES FOR DISCOUNTED BANDIT PROBLEMS WITH AVAILABILITY CONSTRAINTS SAVAS DAYANIK, WARREN the non-existence of an optimal index policy and propose the so-called Whittle index policy after

  2. XML Index Recommendation with Tight Optimizer Iman Elghandour 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aboulnaga, Ashraf

    workload while taking into account the cost of updating the index on data modification. RecommendingXML Index Recommendation with Tight Optimizer Coupling Iman Elghandour 1 , Ashraf Aboulnaga 1 the best set of indexes for a given workload. In this paper, we present an XML Index Advisor that solves

  3. Plasmonic crystal enhanced refractive index sensing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stein, Benedikt; Devaux, Eloïse; Genet, Cyriaque Ebbesen, Thomas W.

    2014-06-23

    We demonstrate experimentally how the local anisotropy of the dispersion relation of surface plasmon modes propagating over periodic metal gratings can lead to an enhancement of the figure of merit of refractive index sensors. Exploiting the possibility to acquire defocused images of the Fourier space of a highly stable leakage radiation microscope, we report a twofold increase in sensing sensitivity close to the band gap of a one-dimensional plasmonic crystal where the anisotropy of the band structure is the most important. A practical sensing resolution of O(10{sup ?6}) refractive index units is demonstrated.

  4. Inflation models, spectral index and observational constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laura Covi

    2000-03-30

    We have evaluated the observational constraints on the spectral index $n$, in the context of a $\\Lambda$CDM model. For $n$ scale-independent, as predicted by most models of inflation, present data require $n\\simeq 1.0 \\pm 0.1$ at the 2-$\\sigma$ level. We have also studied the two-parameter scale-dependent spectral index, predicted by running-mass inflation models. Present data allow significant variation of $n$ in this case, within the theoretically preferred region of parameter space.

  5. Minimum Leaf Out-branching and Related Problems Gregory Gutin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gutin, Gregory

    in the proceedings of AAIM'08 [14]. Department of Computer Science, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, Ireland, i.razgon@cs.ucc.ie § Department of Computer Science, Royal Holloway, University of London, EghamLOB- DAG). MinLOB-DAG was considered in US patent [7], where its application to the area of database

  6. Index des auteurs ABELES Marc, 38

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Tiggelen, Bart

    Index des auteurs 1 ABELES Marc, 38 ACHARD Pierre, 36 AGUER Pierre, 3 ALART Pierre, 9 ALBAREDE Francis, 13 ALBRECHT Michèle, 4 ALBRECHT Pierre, 20 ALLEGRET André, 13 ALLET Christian, 12 ALLIES Paul, 40 ALLINQUANT Bernadette, 25 ALVINERIE André-Paul, 22 AMATORE Christian, 17 AMBROISE-THOMAS Pierre, 22 AMBROISE

  7. Indexed Predicate Discovery for Unbounded System Verification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryant, Randal E.

    and systems with arbitrary number of identical, concurrent processes, the system model must support state of a set of identical processes can be modeled as functions mapping an integer process idenIndexed Predicate Discovery for Unbounded System Verification Shuvendu K. Lahiri and Randal E

  8. forreading. Sustainability Index for Water Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pasternack, Gregory B.

    -made sustainability indexes are defined for water users in Mexico, the United States, the environment, and for meeting their ecological, environmental and hydrological integrity." Although this concept is still valid, water management impact on a system. Thus, the objective is to look for policies that reduce the adverse impacts of actual

  9. Date: _____________ Page ______ of ______ DESIGNATION: ________________________________________________ CHART & INDEX #: ______________________

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karsai, Istvan

    : ________________________________________________ CHART & INDEX #: ______________________ Credit Card Authorization for Deposit to ETSU Foundation Funds I certify that these funds should be deposited in the ETSU Foundation account listed and not in a University: ___________________________ Fax: _______________ East Tennessee State University--Advancement Services ETSU Advancement Services

  10. A Public Sentiment Index for Ecosystem Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pauly, Daniel

    . Ecosystem 9:463:473 #12;which TAC are evaluated, and hence require basic information, of lower precisionA Public Sentiment Index for Ecosystem Management Ratana Chuenpagdee,1 * Lisa Liguori,2 Dave ABSTRACT Although ecosystem-based management can lead to sustainable resource use, its successful imple

  11. ChemLin Home Chemistry index

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGraw, Kevin J.

    Publishing press releases Chemistry Conferences German News Companies and products Chemicals Job market ChemChemLin Home Chemistry index Chemistry A to Z News Latest news News archive New chemistry sitesLin inside © 2004 Digitalverlag GmbH ASU researchers finds novel chemistry at work to provide parrot

  12. SUBJECT INDEX advection, pore water, A:3031

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Geographical, geologic, and other terms are referenced only if they are subjects of discussion. A site chapterSUBJECT INDEX A advection, pore water, A:30­31 alkalinity bacterial activity, A:30 vs. depth, A:32, defined as a keyword or concept followed by a reference to the page on which that word or con- cept

  13. Briefly Noted Automatic Indexing and Abstracting of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . The TIPSTER SUMMAC Text Summarization Evaluation, Final Report. The MITRE Corporation, report number MTR 98W abstracting and indexing has received re- newed interest and a number of promising approaches have emerged to the final evaluation of the method. The system developed by the author combines symbolic techniques

  14. Atlas Finding Aid Contents/Index

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ward, Karen

    Atlas Finding Aid Contents/Index A (1) City & State Atlas A (2) Astronomy Atlas A (3) U.S. Atlas A (4) Water Atlas A (5) South America & Central America A (6) Africa, Asia, &, Antarctica A (7) Mexico) SAN ANTONIO QUICK FINDER MAPS F 1373 .B46 F4 1990 33. A (1) SURFACE WATER RESOURCES OF TEXAS MAPS G

  15. GENERAL INDEX Alaska, Karluk Lake____________________________________ 407

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : index (Parts I-IVl 663-673 Part III: Prince William Sound, Copper River, and Bering River 187-247 Part atronasus lunatus, Rhlnichthys__________________________ 327 aureolum, Moxostoma_ 320 Bali, Edward M: Prince WilHam Sound, Copper River, and Bering River 187-247 Part IV: Southeastern Alaska 437-663 bairdli

  16. Fractal index, central charge and fractons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wellington da Cruz; Rosevaldo de Oliveira

    2000-10-10

    We introduce the notion of fractal index associated with the universal class $h$ of particles or quasiparticles, termed fractons, which obey specific fractal statistics. A connection between fractons and conformal field theory(CFT)-quasiparticles is established taking into account the central charge $c[\

  17. Fractal statistics, fractal index and fractons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wellington da Cruz

    2000-10-10

    The concept of fractal index is introduced in connection with the idea of universal class $h$ of particles or quasiparticles, termed fractons, which obey fractal statistics. We show the relation between fractons and conformal field theory(CFT)-quasiparticles taking into account the central charge $c[\

  18. Leaf epicuticular wax ultrastructure and trichome presence on Russian wheat aphid (Diuraphis noxia) resistant and susceptible leaves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leaf epicuticular wax ultrastructure and trichome presence on Russian wheat aphid (Diuraphis noxia wax ultrastructure and leaf trichomes were examined on two Russian wheat aphid-susceptible wheat. Comparison of the scanning electron micrographs showed that the epicuticular wax structure was similar

  19. Evidence for water use efficiency as an important factor in determining the dD values of tree leaf waxes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    leaf waxes Juzhi Hou, William J. D'Andrea, Dana MacDonald, Yongsong Huang * Department of Geological waxes can provide useful information about past climate change. However, factors con- trolling dD values of higher plant leaf waxes (dDwax) are poorly understood. Here we show that dDwax values are negatively

  20. Acclimation of leaf hydraulic conductance and stomatal conductance of Pinus taeda (loblolly pine) to long-term

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oren, Ram

    Acclimation of leaf hydraulic conductance and stomatal conductance of Pinus taeda (loblolly pine, 3041 Cornwallis Road, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA ABSTRACT We investigated how leaf hydraulic availability and the hydraulic regulation of the stomata (Katul, Leuning & Oren 2003). Understanding

  1. Phytologia (November 2013) 95(4)288 Leaf essential oils of Juniperus in central and southern Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    Phytologia (November 2013) 95(4)288 Leaf essential oils of Juniperus in central and southern Iran Tehran 14115-154, Iran. ABSTRACT Leaf essential oils from Juniperus from southern Iran were analyzed oils from southern Iran were mainly in two groups: high cedrol (cf. J. excelsa, J. polycarpos and J

  2. SU-E-T-11: A Dosimetric Comparison of Robotic Prostatic Radiosugery Using Multi- Leaf Collimation Vs Circular Collimators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feng, J; Yang, J; Lamond, J; Lavere, N; Laciano, R; Ding, W; Arrigo, S; Brady, L

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: The study compared the dosimetry plans of Stereotatic Body Radiotherapy (SBRT) prostate cancer patients using the M6 Cyberknife with Multi-leaf Collimation (MLC) compared with the plans using G4 Cyberknife with circular collimators. Methods: Eight previously treated prostate cancer patients' SBRT plans using circular collimators, designed with Multiplan v3.5.3, were used as a benchmark. The CT, contours and the optimization scripts were imported into Multiplan v5.0 system and replanned with MLC. The same planning objectives were used: more than 95% of PTV received 36.25Gy, 90% of prostate received 40Gy and maximum dose <45Gy, in five fractions. For organs at risk, less than 1cc of rectum received 36Gy and less than 10cc of bladder received 37Gy. Plans were evaluated on parameters derived from dose volume. The beam number, MU and delivery time were recorded to compare the treatment efficiency. Results: The mean CTV volume was 41.3cc (27.5?57.6cc) and mean PTV volume was 76.77cc (59.1?99.7cc). The mean PTV coverage was comparable between MLC (98.87%) and cone (98.74%). MLC plans had a slightly more favorable homogeneity index (1.22) and conformity index (1.17), than the cone (1.24 and 1.15). The mean rectum volume of 36 Gy (0.52cc) of MLC plans was slightly larger than cone (0.38cc) and the mean bladder volume of 37 Gy was smaller in MLC (1.82cc) than in cone plans (3.09cc). The mean number of nodes and beams were 65.9 and 80.5 in MLC vs 65.9 and 203.6 in cone. The mean MUs were significantly less for MLC plans (24,228MUs) than cone (32,347MUs). The total delivery time (which included 5 minutes for setup) was less, 29.6min (26?32min) for MLC vs 45min (35?55min) for cone. Conclusion: While the differences in the dosimetry between the MLC and circular collimator plans were rather minor, the MLC plans were much more efficient and required significantly less treatment time.

  3. Unit 51 - GIS Application Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unit 51, CC in GIS; Cowen, David; Ferguson, Warren

    1990-01-01

    51 - GIS APPLICATION AREAS UNIT 51 - GIS APPLICATION AREAS1990 Page 1 Unit 51 - GIS Application Areas Computers inyour students. UNIT 51 - GIS APPLICATION AREAS Compiled with

  4. Soil suitability index identifies potential areas for groundwater banking on agricultural lands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    capture – Addressing flood risks and ground- water overdraftre- ducing downstream flood risks (Bachand et al. 2011). The

  5. Soil suitability index identifies potential areas for groundwater banking on agricultural lands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    Ward FA, Pulido-Velazquez M. 2008. Water conservation inirrigation can increase water use. P Natl Acad Sci USA 105:10.1073/pnas.0805554105. Water Association of Kern County.

  6. Soil suitability index identifies potential areas for groundwater banking on agricultural lands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    R. 1981. Range claypan soil improvement: response fromdoi:10.2134/ agronj2001.932281x Soil Survey Division Staff.1993. Soil survey manual. Soil Conservation Service. US

  7. Soil suitability index identifies potential areas for groundwater banking on agricultural lands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    Saal, Helen Dahlke, David Doll, Rachel Elkins, Allan Fulton,basins for groundwater recharge. David Doll http://Josh Viers, UC Merced David Doll estimate assumes 1 foot per

  8. Soil suitability index identifies potential areas for groundwater banking on agricultural lands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    the Department of Land, Air and Water Resources at UC Davis;the Department of Land, Air and Water Resources at UC Davis;the Department of Land, Air and Water Resources at UC Davis;

  9. Site characterization plan: Yucca Mountain Site, Nevada Research and Development Area, Nevada: Volume 9, Index

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1988-12-01

    This site characterization plan (SCP) has been developed for the candidate repository site at Yucca Mountain in the State of Nevada. The SCP includes a description of the Yucca Mountain site (Chapters 1-5), a conceptual design for the repository (Chapter 6), a description of the packaging to be used for the waste to be emplaced in the repository (Chapter 7), and a description of the planned site characterization activities (Chapter 8). The schedules and milestones presented in Sections 8.3 and 8.5 of the SCP were developed to be consistent with the June 1988 draft Amendment to the DOE`s Mission Plan for the Civilian Radioactive Waste Management Program. The five month delay in the scheduled start of exploratory shaft construction that was announced recently is not reflected in these schedules.

  10. Indexes to Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances, July--September 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-03-01

    This digest and index lists the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) issuances for July to September 1997. Issuances are from the Commission, the Atomic Safety and Licensing Boards, the Administrative Law Judges, the Directors` Decisions, and the Decisions on Petitions for Rulemaking. There are five sections to this index: (1) case name index, (2) headers and digests, (3) legal citations index, (4) subject index, and (5) facility index. The digest provides a brief narrative of the issue, including the resolution of the issue and any legal references used for resolution.

  11. Aridity and vegetation composition are important determinants of leaf-wax dD values in southeastern Mexico and Central America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aridity and vegetation composition are important determinants of leaf-wax dD values in southeastern September 2012 Abstract Leaf-wax hydrogen isotope composition (dDwax) is increasingly applied as a proxy remain poorly understood. We measured dDwax and the stable carbon isotope composition of leaf-waxes (d13

  12. Parallel adaptive origins of digestive RNases in Asian and African leaf monkeys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Jianzhi

    Parallel adaptive origins of digestive RNases in Asian and African leaf monkeys Jianzhi Zhang-directed mutagenesis show that the new genes acquired enhanced digestive efficiencies through parallel amino acid replacements driven by darwinian selection. They also lost a non-digestive function independently, under

  13. How to safely compost Cameraria ohridella-infested horse chestnut leaf litter on private compost heaps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    How to safely compost Cameraria ohridella-infested horse chestnut leaf litter on private compost the deposition of pest-infested litter on private compost heaps was dissuaded because of the risk of leafminer emergence in the following spring. Thus, the aim of this study was to test safe ways to compost pest

  14. Using Leaf Compost Roy L. Flannery, Specialist in Soils, Emeritus and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rainforth, Emma C.

    Using Leaf Compost Roy L. Flannery, Specialist in Soils, Emeritus and Franklin Flower, Specialist in Environmental Science, Emeritus Composting involves primarily the microbial decomposition of organic matter. Compost - the end product - is a dark, friable, partially decomposed substance similar to natural organic

  15. Water Stress Inhibits Hydraulic Conductance and Leaf Growth in Rice Seedlings but Not the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neumann, Peter M.

    Water Stress Inhibits Hydraulic Conductance and Leaf Growth in Rice Seedlings but Not the Transport of Water via Mercury-Sensitive Water Channels in the Root1 Zhongjin Lu and Peter M. Neumann* Plant of Technology, Haifa 32000, Israel The mechanisms by which moderate water stress (adding poly- ethylene glycol

  16. Intercellular trafficking of a KNOTTED1 green fluorescent protein fusion in the leaf and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, David

    Intercellular trafficking of a KNOTTED1 green fluorescent protein fusion in the leaf and shoot Jackson¶ Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Watson School of Biological Sciences, 1 Bungtown Road, Cold Spring between epidermal cells of Arabidopsis and onion. When expressed in vivo, the GFP KN1 fusion trafficked

  17. Aortic Valve Turning Over a New Leaf(let) in Endothelial Phenotypic Heterogeneity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simmons, Craig A.

    Aortic Valve Turning Over a New Leaf(let) in Endothelial Phenotypic Heterogeneity Peter F. Davies, Anthony G. Passerini, Craig A. Simmons A ortic valve diseases are debilitating cardiovascular disorders the longevity of replacement valves and to improve tissue engineered substitutes,1 the underlying mech- anisms

  18. The Role of Leaf Epicuticular Wax an Improved Adaptation to Moisture Deficit Environments in Wheat 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohammed, Suheb

    2014-05-02

    recombinants and 2 replications was used with two distinct treatments (water deficit and control conditions) at each of 5 environments. The inheritance of leaf EW was low (15%) due to a high environmental influence. The RILs grown under water deficit produced...

  19. Mycosphaerella species associated with leaf disease of Eucalyptus globulus in Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mycosphaerella species associated with leaf disease of Eucalyptus globulus in Ethiopia By Alemu), University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa. E-mail: jolanda.roux@fabi.up.ac.za Summary Eucalyptus are known from Eucalyptus spp. worldwide. Of these, Mycosphaerella spp. are among the most important

  20. Performance of an Herbivorous Leaf Beetle (Phratora vulgatissima) on Salix F2 Hybrids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Performance of an Herbivorous Leaf Beetle (Phratora vulgatissima) on Salix F2 Hybrids a population of F2 hybrids that originated from a cross between a Salix viminalis and a Salix dasyclados the importance of different phenolic compounds for Salix resistance to the targeted insect species

  1. Reactive uptake of ozone at simulated leaf surfaces: implications for "non-stomatal" ozone flux 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cape, J Neil; Hamilton, Richard P; Heal, Mathew R

    2009-01-01

    The reaction of ozone (O3) with ?-pinene has been studied as a function of temperature and relative humidity and in the presence of wax surfaces that simulate a leaf surface. The objective was to determine whether the presence of a wax surface...

  2. The fracture toughness of the leaf of the dicotyledon Calophyllum inophyllum L. (Guttiferae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berrick, A J.

    The fracture toughness of the leaf of the dicotyledon Calophyllum inophyllum L. (Guttiferae) P. W 96 98 102 105 SUMMARY The fracture toughness (specific workoffracture) ofthe leafofthe dicotyledonous. Toughness was found to depend on the presence of veins in the fracture path, with both tensile and cutting

  3. Phytologia (April 2010) 92(1) 31 GEOGRAPHIC VARIATION IN THE LEAF ESSENTIAL OILS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    CEDRUS WEBB. & BERTHOL. FROM MADEIRA AND THE CANARY ISLANDS. Robert P. Adams Biology Department, Baylor and Evolution Research Group (IPNA-CSIC), 38206 La Laguna, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain Susana S. Fontinha, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain ABSTRACT The volatile leaf oils of J. cedrus from Madeira, Gran Canaria, La

  4. How many electric miles do Nissan Leafs and Chevrolet Volts in The EV Project travel?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John Smart

    2014-05-01

    This paper presents travel statistics and metrics describing the driving behavior of Nissan Leaf and Chevrolet Volt drivers in the EV Project. It specifically quantifies the distance each group of vehicles drives each month. This paper will be published to INL's external website and will be accessible by the general public.

  5. Driving and Charging Behavior of Nissan Leafs in The EV Project with Access to Workplace Charging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Don Scoffield; Shawn Salisbury; John Smart

    2014-11-01

    This paper documents findings from analysis of data collected from Nissan Leafs enrolled in The EV Project who parked and charged at workplaces with EV charging equipment. It will be published as a white paper on INL's website, accessible by the general public.

  6. Workplace Charging Behavior of Nissan Leafs in The EV Project at Six Work Sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David Rohrbaugh; John Smart

    2014-11-01

    This paper documents findings from analysis of data collected from Nissan Leafs enrolled in The EV Project who parked and charged at six workplaces with EV charging equipment. It will be published as a white paper on INL's website, accessible by the general public.

  7. by raising CO2 levels around the leaf3 manner conceptually similar to adding a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, James J.

    by raising CO2 levels around the leaf3 in a manner conceptually similar to adding a CCM photo- synthetic CO2 fixation. CCMs have evolved independently in cyanobacteria, microalgae and some a series of membrane- based pumps for CO2 and bicarbonate (HCO3 - ), and special microcompartments called

  8. Modelling CO2 diffusion and assimilation in a leaf with axisymmetric finite volumes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herbin, Raphaèle

    Modelling CO2 diffusion and assimilation in a leaf with axisymmetric finite volumes Emily Gallouët. This paper deals with the numerical simulation of the diffusion and assimilation by photosynthesis of CO2 medium, from experimental measurements of the pointwise value of internal CO2 concentration, giving some

  9. What kind of charging infrastructure do Nissan Leaf drivers in The EV Project use?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shawn Salisbury

    2014-09-01

    This document will describe the charging behavior of Nissan Leaf battery electric vehicles that were enrolled in the EV Project. It will include aggregated data from several thousand vehicles regarding time-of-day, power level, and location of charging and driving events. This document is a white paper that will be published on the INL AVTA website.

  10. Effect of snails (Elimia clavaeformis) on phosphorus cycling in stream periphyton and leaf detritus communities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jay, E.A. [North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill, NC (United States)

    1993-10-01

    In this study, the author examined the effect of grazing on phosphorus cycling in stream periphyton and leaf detritus communities using the snail Elimia clavaeformis. Phosphorus cycling fluxes and turnover rates were measured in a laboratory and in a natural stream, respectively, using radioactive tracer techniques.

  11. Recent Leaf-Litter-Derived Carbon Is Not a Major Source for Mineral Soil Microbial Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Post, Wilfred M.

    Recent Leaf-Litter-Derived Carbon Is Not a Major Source for Mineral Soil Microbial Communities mineral soil microbes. ·The results provided quantitative evidence that root-derived C is the major (>60: Microbial communities in soil A horizons derive their carbon from several potential sources: organic carbon

  12. Bicyclic graphs with maximal revised Szeged index

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Xueliang

    2011-01-01

    The revised Szeged index $Sz^*(G)$ is defined as $Sz^*(G)=\\sum_{e=uv \\in E}(n_u(e)+ n_0(e)/2)(n_v(e)+ n_0(e)/2),$ where $n_u(e)$ and $n_v(e)$ are, respectively, the number of vertices of $G$ lying closer to vertex $u$ than to vertex $v$ and the number of vertices of $G$ lying closer to vertex $v$ than to vertex $u$, and $n_0(e)$ is the number of vertices equidistant to $u$ and $v$. Hansen used the AutoGraphiX and made the following conjecture about the revised Szeged index for a connected bicyclic graph $G$ of order $n \\geq 6$:

  13. Index calculation by means of harmonic expansion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Imamura, Yosuke

    2015-01-01

    We review derivation of superconformal indices by means of supersymmetric localization and spherical harmonic expansion for 3d N=2, 4d N=1, and 6d N=(1,0) supersymmetric gauge theories. We demonstrate calculation of indices for vector multiplets in each dimensions by analysing energy eigenmodes in S^pxR. For the 6d index we consider the perturbative contribution only. We put focus on technical details of harmonic expansion rather than physical applications.

  14. Index calculation by means of harmonic expansion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yosuke Imamura

    2015-10-28

    We review derivation of superconformal indices by means of supersymmetric localization and spherical harmonic expansion for 3d N=2, 4d N=1, and 6d N=(1,0) supersymmetric gauge theories. We demonstrate calculation of indices for vector multiplets in each dimensions by analysing energy eigenmodes in S^pxR. For the 6d index we consider the perturbative contribution only. We put focus on technical details of harmonic expansion rather than physical applications.

  15. Indexes for selected equipment show moderate increase

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farrar, G.

    1997-04-07

    Costs for six selected equipment items used in refining construction operations have been surveyed for the 3 years, 1994--1996. The accompanying table shows Nelson-Farrar equipment indexes for these items of equipment. The six categories of equipment tracked are bubble trays, fractionating towers, tube stills, valves and fittings, tanks and pressure vessels, and non-metallic building materials. Tables also present data on operating costs for materials, labor, and equipment.

  16. Matched Index of Refraction Flow Facility

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Mcllroy, Hugh

    2013-05-28

    What's 27 feet long, 10 feet tall and full of mineral oil (3000 gallons' worth)? If you said INL's Matched Index of Refraction facility, give yourself a gold star. Scientists use computers to model the inner workings of nuclear reactors, and MIR helps validate those models. INL's Hugh McIlroy explains in this video. You can learn more about INL energy research at the lab's facebook site http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory.

  17. Author Index Abezgauz, Ludmila P1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Jan M.L.

    Author Index Abezgauz, Ludmila P1 Abu-Reziq, Raed S1b3 Abutbul, Inbal P130 Adadi, Racheli P2 Addadi, Lia S2c5, P67, P123, P129, P159, P182 Adler, Michal P69 Afri, Michal P3, P26, P38 Agmon, Noam P131 Aharoni, Anna P4 Aharonov, Yakir P106 Akiva, Udi S4c1 Albeck, Amnon S1c5, P5 Albu-Yaron, Ana P210

  18. Index, 1983 Achromobacter. 4-6: 35

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Index, 1983 A Achromobacter. 4-6: 35 Actor. Ann T.--see Loughlin et al. Aerobic plate COunt (APe, 3:19 seed beds, 3:1 condition oy estuary, 3 fouling oryanisms, 3:5 ideal conditlon, 3, starfiSh, 3:5 Atlantlc oonlto, Sarda sarda, 1:16 Atlantic COd, Gadus mor~1:1, 5-6; 1-9:21, 14; 10

  19. SUPERCONNECTIONS AND HIGHER INDEX THEORY Department of Mathematics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lott, John

    SUPERCONNECTIONS AND HIGHER INDEX THEORY John Lott Department of Mathematics University of Michigan of the "higher" index of a Dirac-type operator on M. Using superconnections, we give a heat equation proof

  20. Characteristics of spot-market rate indexes for truckload transportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bignell, Andrew (Andrew Souglas)

    2013-01-01

    In the truckload transportation industry in the United States, a number of indexes are published that attempt to measure changes in rates, but no single index has emerged as an industry standard. Industry participants, ...

  1. The Differential Approach to Superlative Index Number Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barnett, William A.; Choi, Ki-Hong; Sinclair, Tara M.

    2003-09-01

    Diewert’s “superlative” index numbers, defined to be exact for second-order aggregator functions, unify index number theory with aggregation theory but have been difficult to identify. We present a new approach to finding ...

  2. GROUPOIDS AND AN INDEX THEOREM FOR CONICAL PSEUDO-MANIFOLDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nistor, Victor

    ] as well as [6, 26, 45, 46]. The index theorem for families and Bismut's superconnection formalism play

  3. Comp 5311 Database Management Systems 8. Indexing Exercises

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papadias, Dimitris

    ] Assuming that the Film relation is sorted on the Title and there is no index what is the cost (in terms for these entries, and what is the cost of retrieving the record of an employee with a given eid: index entry size = 10 bytes, 100 entries per page, 1,000 pages for the index, cost: log21000+1 Indexing Problem 2 (cont

  4. Site Monitoring Area Maps

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and roads The spatial location and boundaries for each Site shown on the Site Monitoring Area maps originate from activities conducted under the Compliance Order on Consent with...

  5. GRAIL: Scalable Reachability Index for Large Graphs Hilmi Yildirim

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaki, Mohammed Javeed

    GRAIL: Scalable Reachability Index for Large Graphs Hilmi Yildirim Rensselaer Polytechnic large real-world graphs. We present a very simple, but scalable reachability index, called GRAIL on small graphs, GRAIL is the only index that can scale to millions of nodes and edges. GRAIL has linear

  6. An XML Index Advisor for DB2 Iman Elghandour

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aboulnaga, Ashraf

    workload, while taking into account the cost of updating the index on data modification. Details about our its index selection and cost estimation capabilities, and provides a solid and easy way for ensuringAn XML Index Advisor for DB2 Iman Elghandour University of Waterloo Waterloo, ON, Canada ielghand

  7. Geothermal br Resource br Area Geothermal br Resource br Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Area Central Nevada Seismic Zone Pull Apart in Strike Slip Fault Zone Ordovician shale quartzite MW K Blue Mountain Geothermal Area Blue Mountain Geothermal Area Northwest...

  8. INDEX TO VOLUME 151 This index covers both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results portions of Vol-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , geologic, and other terms are referenced only if they are subjects of discussion. This index also includes- ing Program. The index contains two hierarchies of entries: (1) a main entry, defined as a keyword, defined as an elaboration on the main entry fol- lowed by a page reference. The index covers text, figures

  9. HIA 2015 DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: BrightLeaf Homes...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    cold * Completion: October 2014 * Category: Production Modeled Performance Data: * HERS Index: without PV 38 * Projected Annual Utility Costs: without PV 1,362 * Projected...

  10. Entanglement creation with negative index metamaterials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Siomau; Ali A. Kamli; Sergey A. Moiseev; Barry C. Sanders

    2012-05-21

    We propose a scheme for creating of a maximally entangled state comprising two field quanta. In our scheme, two weak light fields, which are initially prepared in either coherent or polarization states, interact with a composite medium near an interface between a dielectric and a negative index metamaterial. Such interaction leads to a large Kerr nonlinearity, reduction of the group velocity of the light and significant confinement of the light fields while simultaneously avoiding amplitude losses of the incoming radiation. All these considerations make our scheme efficient.

  11. Index2.doc | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-inPPLforLDRD Report11,SecurityHomeRemarks AsIndex2.doc More Documents &

  12. Energy Development Index (EDI) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePowerEdisto Electric Coop, Inc JumpElko,ServiziEnergyIndex (EDI) Jump to:

  13. Laboratory Equipment Donation Program - Site Index

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousand CubicResourcelogo and masthead BerkeleySite Index Home About Us

  14. Neutron Science Research Areas | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Home | Science & Discovery | Neutron Science | Research Areas SHARE Research Areas Neutron scattering research at ORNL covers four broad research areas: biology and soft...

  15. Defining the Molecular and Physiological Role of Leaf Cuticular Waxes in Reproductive Stage Heat Tolerane in Wheat 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mondal, Suchismita

    2012-07-16

    environments. For the first objective, thirteen wheat cultivars were subjected to a 2-day heat treatment at 38 degrees C at 10 days after pollination (DAP). Leaf cuticular waxes, canopy temperature depression and stomatal conductance were estimated during...

  16. Where do Nissan Leaf drivers in The EV Project charge when they have the opportunity to charge at work?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John Smart; Don Scoffield

    2014-03-01

    This paper invesigates where Nissan Leaf drivers in the EV Project charge when they have the opportunity to charge at work. Do they charge at work, home, or some other location?

  17. Electronic Aromaticity Index for Large Rings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matito, Eduard

    2015-01-01

    We introduce a new electronic aromaticity index, AV1245, consisting in the average of the 4-center MCI values along the ring that keep a positional relationship of 1,2,4,5. AV1245 measures the extent of transferability of the delocalized electrons between bonds 1-2 and 4-5, which is expected to be large in conjugated circuits and, therefore, in aromatic molecules. A new algorithm for the calculation of MCI for large rings is also introduced and used to produce the data for the calibration of the new aromaticity index. AV1245 does not rely on reference values, does not suffer from large numerical precision errors, and it does not present any limitation on the nature of atoms, the molecular geometry or the level of calculation. It is a size-extensive measure with a small computational cost that grows linearly with the number of ring members. Therefore, it is specially suitable to study the aromaticity of large molecular rings as those occurring in belt-shaped M\\"obius structures or porphyrins.

  18. Sorghum Silages and Dehydrated Alfalfa Leaf Meal as Sources of Carotene in Beef Cattle Fattening Rations. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, John H.

    1944-01-01

    [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] Carotene as contained in dehydrated alfalfa meal was apparently better utilized for vitamin A activity than carotene in either sweet sorghum or grain sorghum silage. Carotene as contained in the two sorghum... silages seemed to be about equally utilized. Sweet sorghum silage such as sumac or red ~p cane silage contained approximately twice as much car- tene as the grain sorghum silages such as kafir, milo, and egari silage. The dehydrated alfalfa leaf meal...

  19. Positive correspondence between the completeness of Late Quaternary fossiliferous lacustrine successions in Illinois and the basin index

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curry, B.B. (Illinois State Geological Survey, Champaign, IL (United States))

    1994-04-01

    The basin index, defined as the ratio of the maximum area of a paleolake versus the area of the catchment (A[sub L]/A[sub C]), initially was used to compare the moisture balance of pluvial lakes in closed and semi-closed basins under arid climates. In this study the basin index also corresponds to the completeness of ostracode and pollen successions preserved in the basins. The basin indices of four breached kettles located in south-central Illinois as well as the thickness of fossiliferous zones determined from cores are compared. Collectively, the basins contain ostracode and pollen records spanning from the late Illinoian ([approx] 150 ka) to the Holocene. Hopwood Farm has the smallest index (0.03) and has a fossil record that terminates in Sangamonian clay. The fossil succession at Bald Knob Basin, with an intermediate basin index of 0.4, contains several lacuna in post-Sangamonian sediment and poorly preserved pollen in Holocene material. Raymond and Pittsburg Basins have indices > 1.0 and contain the most complete fossil records. The data indicate that the basin index is a useful guide for choosing sites with the greatest potential for yielding cores with conformable sediment successions.

  20. INDEX TO VOLUME 130 This index provides coverage for both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Geographic, geologic, and other terms are referenced only if they are subjects of discussion. This index also) a main entry, defined as a keyword or concept followed by a reference to the page on which that word or concept appears, and (2) a subentry, defined as an elaboration on the main entry followed by a page

  1. Geographic Area Month

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Fuels by PAD District and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Month No. 1 Distillate No. 2 Distillate a No. 4 Fuel b Sales to End Users Sales for...

  2. Decontamination & decommissioning focus area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-08-01

    In January 1994, the US Department of Energy Office of Environmental Management (DOE EM) formally introduced its new approach to managing DOE`s environmental research and technology development activities. The goal of the new approach is to conduct research and development in critical areas of interest to DOE, utilizing the best talent in the Department and in the national science community. To facilitate this solutions-oriented approach, the Office of Science and Technology (EM-50, formerly the Office of Technology Development) formed five Focus AReas to stimulate the required basic research, development, and demonstration efforts to seek new, innovative cleanup methods. In February 1995, EM-50 selected the DOE Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC) to lead implementation of one of these Focus Areas: the Decontamination and Decommissioning (D & D) Focus Area.

  3. 300 Area Disturbance Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    LL Hale; MK Wright; NA Cadoret

    1999-01-07

    The objective of this study was to define areas of previous disturbance in the 300 Area of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Hanford Site to eliminate these areas from the cultural resource review process, reduce cultural resource monitoring costs, and allow cultural resource specialists to focus on areas where subsurface disturbance is minimal or nonexistent. Research into available sources suggests that impacts from excavations have been significant wherever the following construction activities have occurred: building basements and pits, waste ponds, burial grounds, trenches, installation of subsurface pipelines, power poles, water hydrants, and well construction. Beyond the areas just mentioned, substrates in the' 300 Area consist of a complex, multidimen- sional mosaic composed of undisturbed stratigraphy, backfill, and disturbed sediments; Four Geographic Information System (GIS) maps were created to display known areas of disturbance in the 300 Area. These maps contain information gleaned from a variety of sources, but the primary sources include the Hanford GIS database system, engineer drawings, and historic maps. In addition to these maps, several assumptions can be made about areas of disturbance in the 300 Area as a result of this study: o o Buried pipelines are not always located where they are mapped. As a result, cultural resource monitors or specialists should not depend on maps depicting subsurface pipelines for accurate locations of previous disturbance. Temporary roads built in the early 1940s were placed on layers of sand and gravel 8 to 12 in. thick. Given this information, it is likely that substrates beneath these early roads are only minimally disturbed. Building foundations ranged from concrete slabs no more than 6 to 8 in. thick to deeply excavated pits and basements. Buildings constructed with slab foundations are more numerous than may be expected, and minimally disturbed substrates may be expected in these locations. Historic black and white photographs provide a partial record of some excavations, including trenches, building basements, and material lay-down yards. Estimates of excavation depth and width can be made, but these estimates are not accurate enough to pinpoint the exact location where the disturbedhmdisturbed interface is located (e.g., camera angles were such that depths and/or widths of excavations could not be accurately determined or estimated). In spite of these limitations, these photographs provide essential information. Aerial and historic low-level photographs have captured what appears to be backfill throughout much of the eastern portion of the 300 Area-near the Columbia River shoreline. This layer of fill has likely afforded some protection for the natural landscape buried beneath the fill. This assumption fits nicely with the intermittent and inadvertent discoveries of hearths and stone tools documented through the years in this part of the 300 Area. Conversely, leveling of sand dunes appears to be substantial in the northwestern portion of the 300 Area during the early stages of development. o Project files and engineer drawings do not contain information on any impromptu but necessary adjustments made on the ground during project implementation-after the design phase. Further, many projects are planned and mapped but never implemented-this information is also not often placed in project files. Specific recommendations for a 300 Area cultural resource monitoring strategy are contained in the final section of this document. In general, it is recommended that monitoring continue for all projects located within 400 m of the Columbia River. The 400-m zone is culturally sensitive and likely retains some of the most intact buried substrates in the 300 Area.

  4. Investigation of the utility of the vegetation condition index (VCI) as an indicator of drought 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ganesh, Srinivasan

    2009-05-15

    The relationship between the satellite-based Vegetation Condition Index (VCI) and frequently used agricultural drought indices like Palmer Drought Severity Index, Palmer’s Z-index, Standard Precipitation Index, percent ...

  5. Regulatory and technical reports (abstract index journal): Annual compilation for 1994. Volume 19, Number 4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-03-01

    This compilation consists of bibliographic data and abstracts for the formal regulatory and technical reports issued by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Staff and its contractors. It is NRC`s intention to publish this compilation quarterly and to cumulate it annually. The main citations and abstracts in this compilation are listed in NUREG number order. These precede the following indexes: secondary report number index, personal author index, subject index, NRC originating organization index (staff reports), NRC originating organization index (international agreements), NRC contract sponsor index (contractor reports), contractor index, international organization index, and licensed facility index. A detailed explanation of the entries precedes each index.

  6. Structures with negative index of refraction

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Soukoulis, Costas M. (Ames, IA); Zhou, Jiangfeng (Ames, IA); Koschny, Thomas (Ames, IA); Zhang, Lei (Ames, IA); Tuttle, Gary (Ames, IA)

    2011-11-08

    The invention provides simplified negative index materials (NIMs) using wire-pair structures, 4-gap single ring split-ring resonator (SRR), fishnet structures and overleaf capacitor SRR. In the wire-pair arrangement, a pair of short parallel wires and continuous wires are used. In the 4-gap single-ring SRR, the SRRs are centered on the faces of a cubic unit cell combined with a continuous wire type resonator. Combining both elements creates a frequency band where the metamaterial is transparent with simultaneously negative .di-elect cons. and .mu.. In the fishnet structure, a metallic mesh on both sides of the dielectric spacer is used. The overleaf capacitor SRR changes the gap capacities to small plate capacitors by making the sections of the SRR ring overlap at the gaps separated by a thin dielectric film. This technique is applicable to conventional SRR gaps but it best deploys for the 4-gap single-ring structures.

  7. Earth Similarity Index with two free parameters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chandra, Suresh; Sharma, Mohit K

    2015-01-01

    We have derived Earth Similarity Index (ESI) with two free parameters m and T. These free parameters are optimized with the consideration that the planet Mars is almost similar to the Earth. For the optimized values of free parameters, the interior-ESI, surface-ESI and ESI for some planets are calculated. The results for m = 0.8 and T = 0.8 are compared with the values obtained by Schulze-Makuch {\\it et al.} (2011). We have found that the exoplanet 55 Cnc f is within 10% away from the threshold value T. The exoplanets HD 69830 c, 55 Cnc c, 55 Cnc f, 61 Vir d and HIP 57050 b are found to have ESI within 10% from the threshold value.

  8. Total transmission and total reflection by zero index materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viet Cuong Nguyen; Lang Chen

    2010-07-01

    In this report, we achieved total transmission and reflection in a slab of zero index materials with defect(s). By controlling the defect's radius and dielectric constant, we can obtain total transmission and reflection of EM wave. The zero index materials, in this report, stand for materials with permittivity and permeability which are simultaneously equal to zero or so called matched impedance zero index materials. Along with theoretical calculations and simulation demonstrations, we also discuss about some possible applications for the proposed structure such as shielding or cloaking an object without restricting its view. We also suggest a way to control total transmission and reflection actively by using tunable refractive index materials such as liquid crystal and BST. The physics behind those phenomena is attributed to intrinsic properties of zero index materials: constant field inside zero index slab.

  9. On the estimation of the extremal index based on scaling and resampling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamidieh, Kamal; Michailidis, George

    2010-01-01

    The extremal index parameter theta characterizes the degree of local dependence in the extremes of a stationary time series and has important applications in a number of areas, such as hydrology, telecommunications, finance and environmental studies. In this study, a novel estimator for theta based on the asymptotic scaling of block-maxima and resampling is introduced. It is shown to be consistent and asymptotically normal for a large class of m-dependent time series. Further, a procedure for the automatic selection of its tuning parameter is developed and different types of confidence intervals that prove useful in practice proposed. The performance of the estimator is examined through simulations, which show its highly competitive behavior. Finally, the estimator is applied to three real data sets of daily crude oil prices, daily returns of the S&P 500 stock index, and high-frequency, intra-day traded volumes of a stock. These applications demonstrate additional diagnostic features of statistical plots ...

  10. Geology of the South Mason-Llano River area, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duvall, Victor Martin

    1953-01-01

    ILLUSTRATIONS Plate Page I. Geologic Map of the South Mason-Llano River Area, Mason County, Texas. . . . . II. Structure secttons. pocket pocket III. Index map of the South Mason-Llano River Area, Mason County, Texas. following page iv IV. Fig. 1: Tufa... VIII. Fig. 1: Pebbles in basal Hickory sand- stone. Fig. 2: Intraformational conglomerate in upper Hickory. following page 23 IX. Fig. 1: Shale xone in middle Hickory. . . Fig. 2: Cross-bedding in Hickory sand- stone. following page 24 X. Fig. 1...

  11. OLED area illumination source

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Foust, Donald Franklin (Scotia, NY); Duggal, Anil Raj (Niskayuna, NY); Shiang, Joseph John (Niskayuna, NY); Nealon, William Francis (Gloversville, NY); Bortscheller, Jacob Charles (Clifton Park, NY)

    2008-03-25

    The present invention relates to an area illumination light source comprising a plurality of individual OLED panels. The individual OLED panels are configured in a physically modular fashion. Each OLED panel comprising a plurality of OLED devices. Each OLED panel comprises a first electrode and a second electrode such that the power being supplied to each individual OLED panel may be varied independently. A power supply unit capable of delivering varying levels of voltage simultaneously to the first and second electrodes of each of the individual OLED panels is also provided. The area illumination light source also comprises a mount within which the OLED panels are arrayed.

  12. Indexical Embodiments : : Sensory Cinema and/as Historical Reenactment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rice, David Andrew

    2013-01-01

    Shaviro, Steven. Post-Cinematic Affect. Winchester, UK;Indexical Holes and Cinematic Possession: Reenacting theThe Emergence of Cinematic Time: Modernity, Contingency, the

  13. Graded-Refractive-Index Glass-based Antireflective Coatings:...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Graded-Refractive-Index Glass-based Antireflective Coatings: BroadbandOmnidirectional Light Harvesting and Self-Cleaning Characteristics Citation Details In-Document Search Title:...

  14. Sandia Energy - Results from the Human Resilience Index and Modeling...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Results from the Human Resilience Index and Modeling project were reported recently in the National Intelligence Council's Global Trends 2030 Report Home Infrastructure Security...

  15. Index of /~lipman/papers-older/Other professional publications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Index of /~lipman/papers-older/Other professional publications. [ICO], Name · Last modified · Size · Description. [DIR], Parent Directory, -. [ ], [1980] Review of ...

  16. Scholarly publications in Latin America: where, oh index, art thou?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gutierrez, Ruby Meraz

    2013-01-01

    Scholarly publications in Latin America: where, oh index,not prevalent in scholarly publications or in general non-2013 Gutierrez: Scholarly publications in Latin America its

  17. Essays on Weather Indexed Insurance and Energy Use in Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fuchs, Alan

    2011-01-01

    and O. Mahul, 2007. “Weather Index Insurance for Agricultureand J. Vickery, 2005. “Weather Insurance in Semi-AridBinswanger, 1993. “Wealth, Weather Risk and the Composition

  18. Auto Indexer Auto-Indexer for Percussive Hammers: Vane Motor Dynamometer Testing

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Su, Jiann

    2012-01-01

    The development of the motor will help to achieve program technical objectives by improving well construction capabilities. This includes enabling high-temperature drilling as well as enhancing directional drilling. A key component in the auto indexer is the drive motor. It is an air-driven vane motor that converts the energy stored in the compressed air to mechanical energy. The motor is attached to hammer-like components which impart an impulsive load onto the drive shaft. The impulsive force on the drive shaft in turn creates an indexing action. A controlled test was performed to characterize the performance of the the vane motor for a given pressure. The Sandia dynamometer test station was used to determine the performance of the motor for a given input pressure.

  19. Indexes to Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances, January--March 1995. Volume 41, Index 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-06-01

    Digests and indexes for issuances of the Commission (CLI), the Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel (LBP), the Administrative Law Judges (ALJ), the Directors` Decisions (DD), and the Denials of Petitions for Rulemaking (DPRM) are presented in this document. These digests and indexes are intended to serve as a guide to the issuances. Information elements common to the cases heard and ruled upon are: case name (owner(s) of facility); full text reference (volume and pagination); issuance number; issues raised by appellants; legal citations (cases, regulations, and statutes); name of facility, docket number; subject matter of issues and/or rulings; type of hearing (for construction permit, operating license, etc.); and type of issuance (memorandum, order, decision, etc.).

  20. Auto Indexer Auto-Indexer for Percussive Hammers: Vane Motor Dynamometer Testing

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Su, Jiann

    The development of the motor will help to achieve program technical objectives by improving well construction capabilities. This includes enabling high-temperature drilling as well as enhancing directional drilling. A key component in the auto indexer is the drive motor. It is an air-driven vane motor that converts the energy stored in the compressed air to mechanical energy. The motor is attached to hammer-like components which impart an impulsive load onto the drive shaft. The impulsive force on the drive shaft in turn creates an indexing action. A controlled test was performed to characterize the performance of the the vane motor for a given pressure. The Sandia dynamometer test station was used to determine the performance of the motor for a given input pressure.

  1. INDEX TO VOLUME 110 This index provides coverage for both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;SUBJECT INDEX Accretion. See Barbados Ridge Accretionary Complex Accretionary wedge Barbados Ridge: Site 671, 227b, 232b-234b, 238b-241b, 310b Barbados Ridge: Site 673, 217b-221b, 236b Barbados Ridge: Site 674, 217b-221b, 223b-224b, 227b Barbados Ridge: Site 675, 232b-234b, 238b-241b Barbados Ridge

  2. Prognostic Indexes for Brain Metastases: Which Is the Most Powerful?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arruda Viani, Gustavo, E-mail: gusviani@gmail.com [Department of Radiation Oncology, Marilia Medical School, Marilia, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Bernardes da Silva, Lucas Godoi; Stefano, Eduardo Jose [Department of Radiation Oncology, Marilia Medical School, Marilia, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2012-07-01

    Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to compare the prognostic indexes (PIs) of patients with brain metastases (BMs) treated with whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) using an artificial neural network. This analysis is important, because it evaluates the prognostic power of each PI to guide clinical decision-making and outcomes research. Methods and Materials: A retrospective prognostic study was conducted of 412 patients with BMs who underwent WBRT between April 1998 and March 2010. The eligibility criteria for patients included having undergone WBRT or WBRT plus neurosurgery. The data were analyzed using the artificial neural network. The input neural data consisted of all prognostic factors included in the 5 PIs (recursive partitioning analysis, graded prognostic assessment [GPA], basic score for BMs, Rotterdam score, and Germany score). The data set was randomly divided into 300 training and 112 testing examples for survival prediction. All 5 PIs were compared using our database of 412 patients with BMs. The sensibility of the 5 indexes to predict survival according to their input variables was determined statistically using receiver operating characteristic curves. The importance of each variable from each PI was subsequently evaluated. Results: The overall 1-, 2-, and 3-year survival rate was 22%, 10.2%, and 5.1%, respectively. All classes of PIs were significantly associated with survival (recursive partitioning analysis, P < .0001; GPA, P < .0001; basic score for BMs, P = .002; Rotterdam score, P = .001; and Germany score, P < .0001). Comparing the areas under the curves, the GPA was statistically most sensitive in predicting survival (GPA, 86%; recursive partitioning analysis, 81%; basic score for BMs, 79%; Rotterdam, 73%; and Germany score, 77%; P < .001). Among the variables included in each PI, the performance status and presence of extracranial metastases were the most important factors. Conclusion: A variety of prognostic models describe the survival of patients with BMs to a more or less satisfactory degree. Among the 5 PIs evaluated in the present study, GPA was the most powerful in predicting survival. Additional studies should include emerging biologic prognostic factors to improve the sensibility of these PIs.

  3. Plutonium focus area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-08-01

    To ensure research and development programs focus on the most pressing environmental restoration and waste management problems at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the Assistant Secretary for the Office of Environmental Management (EM) established a working group in August 1993 to implement a new approach to research and technology development. As part of this new approach, EM developed a management structure and principles that led to the creation of specific Focus Areas. These organizations were designed to focus the scientific and technical talent throughout DOE and the national scientific community on the major environmental restoration and waste management problems facing DOE. The Focus Area approach provides the framework for intersite cooperation and leveraging of resources on common problems. After the original establishment of five major Focus Areas within the Office of Technology Development (EM-50, now called the Office of Science and Technology), the Nuclear Materials Stabilization Task Group (EM-66) followed the structure already in place in EM-50 and chartered the Plutonium Focus Area (PFA). The following information outlines the scope and mission of the EM, EM-60, and EM-66 organizations as related to the PFA organizational structure.

  4. Subsurface contaminants focus area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-08-01

    The US Department of Enregy (DOE) Subsurface Contaminants Focus Area is developing technologies to address environmental problems associated with hazardous and radioactive contaminants in soil and groundwater that exist throughout the DOE complex, including radionuclides, heavy metals; and dense non-aqueous phase liquids (DNAPLs). More than 5,700 known DOE groundwater plumes have contaminated over 600 billion gallons of water and 200 million cubic meters of soil. Migration of these plumes threatens local and regional water sources, and in some cases has already adversely impacted off-site rsources. In addition, the Subsurface Contaminants Focus Area is responsible for supplying technologies for the remediation of numerous landfills at DOE facilities. These landfills are estimated to contain over 3 million cubic meters of radioactive and hazardous buried Technology developed within this specialty area will provide efective methods to contain contaminant plumes and new or alternative technologies for development of in situ technologies to minimize waste disposal costs and potential worker exposure by treating plumes in place. While addressing contaminant plumes emanating from DOE landfills, the Subsurface Contaminants Focus Area is also working to develop new or alternative technologies for the in situ stabilization, and nonintrusive characterization of these disposal sites.

  5. SCIAMACHY'S ABSORBING AEROSOL INDEX AND THE CONSEQUENCES OF INSTRUMENT DEGRADATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graaf, Martin de

    SCIAMACHY'S ABSORBING AEROSOL INDEX AND THE CONSEQUENCES OF INSTRUMENT DEGRADATION L. G. Tilstra1- itoring the Absorbing Aerosol Index (AAI) [1] measured by the satellite instrument SCIAMACHY [2]. We find. This we conclude from straightforward calculation of the effect of instrument degradation based

  6. Efficient Indexing Data Structures for Flash-Based Sensor Devices *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Najjar, Walid A.

    index structures, MicroHash and MicroGF (Micro Grid Files), exploit the asymmetric read/write and wear GUNOPULOS, WALID A. NAJJAR University of California, Riverside Flash Memory is the most prevalent storage behind these index structures is that expensive random access deletions are completely eliminated. Micro

  7. EDIACARAN AND CAMBRIAN INDEX FOSSILS FROM SONORA, MEXICO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hagadorn, Whitey

    EDIACARAN AND CAMBRIAN INDEX FOSSILS FROM SONORA, MEXICO by FRANCISCO SOUR-TOVAR*, JAMES W, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Auto´noma de Me´xico, Ciudad Universitaria, Me´xico DF, Mexico Formation near Pitiquito, Sonora, Mexico, and new occurrences of the Neoproterozoic index fossil Cloudina

  8. Productivity index and field behavior: a case study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jensen, Marianne

    1998-01-01

    ) to explain the irrational behavior of the productivity index in a case study presented. The problem has its origin in a field in north Africa, where irrational behavior of the productivity index (PI) has made it difficult to forecast the field performance...

  9. Sustainability Index for Water Resources Planning and Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pasternack, Gregory B.

    demonstrating the use of the index. Tailor-made sustainability indexes are defined for water users in Mexico, environmental and hydrological integrity." Although this concept is still valid, water management policies of systems to actual or expected future changes. Vulnerability is the magnitude of an adverse impact

  10. INDEX TO VOLUME 202 advanced piston corer temperature, magnetic inclina-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Scientific Results portions of Volume 202 of the Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. References:). The index was prepared by Earth Systems, under subcontract to the Ocean Drilling Program. The index contains:10 Antarctic Circumpolar Current, oceanography, A1:4­6, 113 Antarctic Intermediate Water circulation, A4:2; B1

  11. "Humic Coverage Index" as a Determining Factor Governing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muzzio, Fernando J.

    "Humic Coverage Index" as a Determining Factor Governing Strain-Specific Hydrocarbon Availability, the "humic coverage index" (HCI), provides a measurement of the relative spatial extents and/or thicknesses to modeling biodegradation of aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons (phenanthrene, pyrene, and hexadecane

  12. TRI-CITIES, WASHINGTON INNOVATION AND TECHNOLOGY INDEX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;TRI-CITIES, WASHINGTON INNOVATION AND TECHNOLOGY INDEX 2001 October 3, 2001 Economic and Technology Index 2001 2 Dear Reader: The known story of the Washington state technology industry has centered of growth such as traffic congestion and high cost of living o Has two factors impeding its technology

  13. Fishery Bulletin Index Volume 103(14), 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    743 Fishery Bulletin Index Volume 103(1­4), 2005 List ot subjects Abundance Argentine hake 445 efficiency 438 Catch per unit of effort 438, 469, 501, 620, 670, 685 Central California Valley Index (CVI Southern Oscillation 685 Endangered Species Act 270 Energetic cost 63 Energy consumption 71 Enhydra lutris

  14. 2014 ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE INDEX Full Report and Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    poverty alleviation, disability rights and human rights advocacy, environmental sustainability, education2014 ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE INDEX Full Report and Analysis Yale Center for Environmental Law, Toronto, Canada www.epi.yale.edu #12;The 2014 Environmental Performance Index is a joint project between

  15. Caranx: Scalable Social Image Index Using Phylogenetic Tree of Hashtags

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . The vectors are quantized and stored in tree-like data structures for fast search. SIFT- based indexing can an efficient algorithm to build/search the PT, and show that using PT structure can effectively avoid unnecessary NRDC computation. The resulting image index provides more accurate and diversified search results1

  16. -INDEX THEOREMS, KK-THEORY, AND CONNECTIONS THOMAS SCHICK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schick, Thomas

    L2 -INDEX THEOREMS, KK-THEORY, AND CONNECTIONS THOMAS SCHICK Abstract. Let M be a compact manifold, Mishchenko-Fomenko index theorem, trace. 1 #12;2 THOMAS SCHICK commutative C -algebra (e.g. the complex to the study of manifolds with metrics of positive scalar curvature are obtained by Hanke and Schick in [6

  17. INDEX TO VOLUME 146 (PART 1) Cascadia Margin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , geologic, and other terms are referenced only if they are subjects of discussion. This index also includes, defined as a keyword or concept followed by a reference to the page on which that word or concept appears, and (2) a subentry, defined as an elaboration on the main entry fol- lowed by a page reference. The index

  18. EVALUATION OF THE PEEP INDEX AND RECOMMENDED TOXICITY TESTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a Vancouver storm sewer. A flow-weighte~ composite sample from each site was tested for acute toxicity the mathematicalformula used to derive the index. A battery of bioassays is recommended for use in the FraserRiver Basin tliatthe SOS-Chromotest The test battery is identical to that used for the PEEP index, is replaced

  19. Development of a Habitat Suitability Index Model for the Sage Sparrow on the Hanford Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duberstein, Corey A.; Simmons, Mary Ann; Sackschewsky, Michael R.; Becker, James M.

    2008-01-01

    Mitigation threshold guidelines for the Hanford Site are based on habitat requirements of the sage sparrow (Amphispiza belli) and only apply to areas with a mature sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata) overstory and a native understory. The sage sparrow habitat requirements are based on literature values and are not specific to the Hanford Site. To refine these guidelines for the Site, a multi-year study was undertaken to quantify habitat characteristics of sage sparrow territories. These characteristics were then used to develop a habitat suitability index (HSI) model which can be used to estimate the habitat value of specific locations on the Site.

  20. Program Areas | National Security | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Organizations National Security Home | Science & Discovery | National Security | Program Areas SHARE Program Areas image Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has a robust...

  1. Project Anticipated Midpoint Date -1 January 2009 (MCP Index = 2454) Cost Escalation Factor = MCP Index 1 Jan 09 / MCP Index 1 Oct 2007 = 2454/2391 = 1.0263

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    as addressed above. 2. APPENDIX C - TRI-SERVICE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION PROGRAM (MCP) INDEX c. Unit costsENGLISH Project Anticipated Midpoint Date - 1 January 2009 (MCP Index = 2454) Cost Escalation Factor = MCP Index 1 Jan 09 / MCP Index 1 Oct 2007 = 2454/2391 = 1.0263 a. Most unit costs are based

  2. INDEX TO VOLUME 154 This index covers both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results portions of Vol-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , geologic, and other terms are referenced only if they are subjects of discussion. A site chapter in the Ini- ing Program. The index contains two hierarchies of entries: (1) a main entry, defined as a keyword, defined as an elaboration on the main entry fol- lowed by a page reference. The index covers volume text

  3. INDEX TO VOLUME 157 This index covers both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results portions of Vol-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Geographic, geologic, and other terms are referenced only if they are subjects of discussion. A site chapter- ing Program. The index contains two hierarchies of entries: (1) a main entry, defined as a keyword, defined as an elaboration on the main entry fol- lowed by a page reference. The index covers volume text

  4. INDEX TO VOLUME 167 This index covers both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results portions of Vol-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , geologic, and other terms are referenced only if they are subjects of discussion. A site chapter in the Ini- ing Program. The index contains two hierarchies of entries: (1) a main entry, defined as a keyword, defined as an elaboration on the main entry fol- lowed by a page reference. The index covers volume text

  5. INDEX TO VOLUME 169S This index covers both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results portions of Vol-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , geologic, and other terms are referenced only if they are subjects of discussion. A site chapter in the Ini- ing Program. The index contains two hierarchies of entries: (1) a main entry, defined as a keyword, defined as an elaboration on the main entry fol- lowed by a page reference. The index covers volume text

  6. INDEX TO VOLUME 152 This index covers both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results portions of Vol-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Geographic, geologic, and other terms are referenced only if they are subjects of discussion. A site chapter- ing Program. The index contains two hierarchies of entries: (1) a main entry, defined as a keyword, defined as an elaboration on the main entry fol- lowed by a page reference. The index covers volume text

  7. INDEX TO VOLUME 164 This index covers both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results portions of Vol-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Geographical, geologic, and other terms are referenced only if they are subjects of discussion. A site chapter- ing Program. The index contains two hierarchies of entries: (1) a main entry, defined as a keyword, defined as an elaboration on the main entry fol- lowed by a page reference. The index covers volume text

  8. INDEX TO VOLUME 155 This index covers both the Initial Reports and Scientific Results portions of Vol-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , geologic, and other terms are referenced only if they are subjects of discussion. A site chapter in the Ini- ing Program. The index contains two hierarchies of entries: (1) a main entry, defined as a keyword, defined as an elaboration on the main entry fol- lowed by a page reference. The index covers volume text

  9. Estimating forest structural characteristics with airborne lidar scanning and a near-real time profiling laser systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Kaiguang

    2009-05-15

    LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) directly measures canopy vertical structures, and provides an effective remote sensing solution to accurate and spatiallyexplicit mapping of forest characteristics, such as canopy height and Leaf Area Index...

  10. Principal Canopy Factors of Sweet Corn and Relationships to Competitive Ability with Wild-Proso Millet (Panicum miliaceum)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sims, Gerald K.

    -season ``canopy closure'' factor (e.g., leaf area index and intercepted photosynthetically active radiation at six', `Quickie', `Rocker', `SCH7006RR', `Spirit', `Spring Treat', and `Sugar Buns'. Key words: Competition, crop

  11. Energy balance and partition in Inner Mongolia steppe ecosystems with different land use types

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Jiquan

    Energy balance and partition in Inner Mongolia steppe ecosystems with different land use types surface, including radiation balance, energy partitioning, aerodynamic characteristics, leaf area index records of the surface energy balance are currently available for grassland ecosystems, especially

  12. Curriculum Vitae Emily Skovmand Woollen Qualifications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of my PhD. This included planning the logistics, ensuring health and safety, and planning all scientific and leaf area index using hemispherical photos and the LAI 2000 - Meteorological instrument maintenance

  13. The fungus gardens of leaf-cutter ants undergo a distinct physiological transition during biomass degradation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, Eric L.; Aylward, Frank O.; Kim, Young-Mo; Webb-Robertson, Bobbie-Jo M.; Nicora, Carrie D.; Hu, Zeping; Metz, Thomas O.; Lipton, Mary S.; Smith, Richard D.; Currie, Cameron R.; Burnum-Johnson, Kristin E.

    2014-08-01

    Leaf-cutter ants are dominant herbivores in ecosystems throughout the Neotropics. Rather than directly consuming the fresh foliar biomass they harvest, these ants use it to cultivate specialized fungus gardens. Although recent investigations have shed light on how plant biomass is degraded in fungus gardens, the cycling of nutrients that takes place in these specialized microbial ecosystems is still not well understood. Here, using metametabolomics and metaproteomics techniques, we examine the dynamics of nutrient turnover and biosynthesis in these gardens. Our results reveal that numerous free amino acids and sugars are depleted throughout the process of biomass degradation, indicating that easily accessible nutrients from plant material are readily consumed by microbes in these ecosystems. Accumulation of cellobiose and lignin derivatives near the end of the degradation process is consistent with previous findings of cellulases and laccases produced by Leucoagaricus gongylophorus, the fungus cultivated by leaf-cutter ants. Our results also suggest that ureides may be an important source of nitrogen in fungus gardens, especially during nitrogen-limiting conditions. No free arginine was detected in our metametabolomics experiments despite evidence that the host ants cannot produce this amino acid, suggesting that biosynthesis of this metabolite may be tightly regulated in the fungus garden. These results provide new insights into the dynamics of nutrient cycling that underlie this important ant-fungus symbiosis.

  14. 100 Area - Hanford Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDidDevelopmentataboutScalablePhysicist: Christian Bauer 101000 Area

  15. 300 Area - Hanford Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.TheoryTuesday, August 10, 20102016 News Below are newsBelle-IIProcesses -1300 Area

  16. 700 Area - Hanford Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.TheoryTuesday, August 10, 20102016 News Below are4B Drawings 4B618-10 and700 Area

  17. Tank Farm Area Closure

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With U.S. Coal StocksSuppliers Tag:Take Action APPENDIX-11CoverArea

  18. Tank Farm Area Closure

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With U.S. Coal StocksSuppliers Tag:Take Action APPENDIX-11CoverArea

  19. Material Disposal Areas

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse BergkampCentermillion toMSDS onBudgetMaterial Disposal Areas Material

  20. datamanagementgroup 2011 SURVEY AREA SUMMARY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    Collingwood CFB Borden 0 10 20 Kilometers Area = 521,900 Hectares #12;POPULATION CHARACTERISTICS Population

  1. Soybean leaf hydraulic conductance does not acclimate to growth at elevated [CO2] or temperature in growth chambers or in the field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sack, Lawren

    Soybean leaf hydraulic conductance does not acclimate to growth at elevated [CO2] or temperature Leaf hydraulic properties are strongly linked with transpiration and photosynthesis in many species. However, it is not known if gas exchange and hydraulics will have co-ordinated responsesto climate change

  2. Molecular Markers Associated with Water Use Efficiency and Leaf Ash in Soybean M. A. R. Mian, M. A. Bailey, D. A. Ashley,* R. Wells, T. E. Carter, Jr.,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parrott, Wayne

    Molecular Markers Associated with Water Use Efficiency and Leaf Ash in Soybean M. A. R. Mian, M. A ash (LASH) generally related to WUE.A restriction fragmentlength polymorphism (RFLP)mapwas constructed. Maylandet al. (1993) found that ash concentration (leaf and stem) of crested wheatgrass [Agropyron

  3. Optimizing OID Indexing Cost in Temporal Object-Oriented Database Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Optimizing OID Indexing Cost in Temporal Object-Oriented Database Systems Kjetil N rvag and Kjell access cost and optimal use of memory for index page bu er and OD cache, with di erent access patterns in the context of general secondary index access cost and index entry caching. Keywords: Index organization

  4. Casimir effect in dielectrics: Surface area contribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carmen Molina-Paris; Matt Visser

    1997-07-08

    In this paper we take a deeper look at the technically elementary but physically robust viewpoint in which the Casimir energy in dielectric media is interpreted as the change in the total zero point energy of the electromagnetic vacuum summed over all states. Extending results presented in previous papers [hep-th/9609195; hep-th/9702007] we approximate the sum over states by an integral over the density of states including finite volume corrections. For an arbitrarily-shaped finite dielectric, the first finite-volume correction to the density of states is shown to be proportional to the surface area of the dielectric interface and is explicitly evaluated as a function of the permeability and permitivity. Since these calculations are founded in an elementary and straightforward way on the underlying physics of the Casimir effect they serve as an important consistency check on field-theoretic calculations. As a concrete example we discuss Schwinger's suggestion that the Casimir effect might be the underlying physical basis behind sonoluminescence}. The recent controversy concerning the relative importance of volume and surface contributions is discussed. For sufficiently large bubbles the volume effect is always dominant. Furthermore we can explicitly calculate the surface area contribution as a function of refractive index.

  5. T-1 Training Area

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2015-01-09

    Another valuable homeland security asset at the NNSS is the T-1 training area, which covers more than 10 acres and includes more than 20 separate training venues. Local, County, and State first responders who train here encounter a variety of realistic disaster scenarios. A crashed 737 airliner lying in pieces across the desert, a helicopter and other small aircraft, trucks, buses, and derailed train cars are all part of the mock incident scene. After formal classroom education, first responders are trained to take immediate decisive action to prevent or mitigate the use of radiological or nuclear devices by terrorists. The Counterterrorism Operations Support Center for Radiological Nuclear Training conducts the courses and exercises providing first responders from across the nation with the tools they need to protect their communities. All of these elements provide a training experience that cannot be duplicated anywhere else in the country.

  6. T-1 Training Area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2014-11-07

    Another valuable homeland security asset at the NNSS is the T-1 training area, which covers more than 10 acres and includes more than 20 separate training venues. Local, County, and State first responders who train here encounter a variety of realistic disaster scenarios. A crashed 737 airliner lying in pieces across the desert, a helicopter and other small aircraft, trucks, buses, and derailed train cars are all part of the mock incident scene. After formal classroom education, first responders are trained to take immediate decisive action to prevent or mitigate the use of radiological or nuclear devices by terrorists. The Counterterrorism Operations Support Center for Radiological Nuclear Training conducts the courses and exercises providing first responders from across the nation with the tools they need to protect their communities. All of these elements provide a training experience that cannot be duplicated anywhere else in the country.

  7. Index of /~lucier/615-2003/software/c-code

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Index of /~lucier/615-2003/software/c-code. [ICO], Name · Last modified · Size · Description. [DIR], Parent Directory, -. [TXT], conn-test.c, 13-May-2000 01:37, 2.3

  8. Efficient power coupling to waveguides in high index contrast systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen, Victor T. (Victor Trinh)

    2006-01-01

    Future integrated optical circuits will hold, on a single chip, several optical components that communicate via high index contrast waveguides. Silicon nitride (SixNy) and silicon oxynitride (SixOyNz) waveguides with silicon ...

  9. Active negative-index metamaterial powered by an electron beam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapiro, Michael

    An active negative index metamaterial that derives its gain from an electron beam is introduced. The metamaterial consists of a stack of equidistant parallel metal plates perforated by a periodic array of holes shaped as ...

  10. Using the NEPA Requirements and Guidance - Search Index

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    - Search Index Step 2: Entering a Search Term or Phrase 1. Locate the downloaded file, right click on it, select "Extract all", extract it to any location on your computer or...

  11. Calculating the hyper--Wiener index of benzenoid hydrocarbons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klavzar, Sandi

    Calculating the hyper--Wiener index of benzenoid hydrocarbons Petra Ÿ Zigert 1 , Sandi KlavŸ zar 1. (1) is not easy, especially in the case of large polycyclic molecules, such as benzenoid hydrocarbons

  12. Calculating the hyperWiener index of benzenoid hydrocarbons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klavzar, Sandi

    Calculating the hyper­Wiener index of benzenoid hydrocarbons Petra Zigert1 , Sandi Klavzar1) is not easy, especially in the case of large polycyclic molecules, such as benzenoid hydrocarbons. Some time

  13. MRS Website -Home Page http://www.mrs.org/s_mrs/index.asp 1 of 1 01/23/2006 10:44 AM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Xi

    MRS Website - Home Page http://www.mrs.org/s_mrs/index.asp 1 of 1 01/23/2006 10:44 AM Meetings View Cart Polymer Actuator A conducting polymer can be actuated by shining a light of a specific exposure. The effect of light is to create positive charges (red) in a localized area which enhance

  14. Journal ofForaminifPralResrarch, v. I?.no 2, p. 151-178, April 1982 INDEX TO THE QUATERNARY BENTHIC FORAMINIFERA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finger, Kenneth L.

    FORAMINIFERA RECORDED FROM OFFSHORE AREAS IN THE GULF OF MEXICO KENNETHL. FINGER Chevron Oil Field Research are consolidated herein as a single reference catalog to aid future workers in their taxonomic in- vestigations index should be most useful to students of the deep-water fauna. PREVIOUS WORK Phleger and Parker (1951

  15. DOE Designates Southwest Area and Mid-Atlantic Area National...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Corridors DOE Designates Southwest Area and Mid-Atlantic Area National Interest Electric Transmission Corridors October 2, 2007 - 2:50pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department...

  16. Identifying hydrologically sensitive areas: Bridging the gap between science and application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    ); Water quality; Nonpoint Source (NPS) pollution; Variable source area (VSA) hydrology; Topographic index those in 1987, increasingly emphasized nonpoint source (NPS) pollution as a critical cause of water., 2000). Many current attempts to reduce NPS pollution of surface water bodies primarily utilized

  17. Method to create gradient index in a polymer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dirk, Shawn M; Johnson, Ross Stefan; Boye, Robert; Descour, Michael R; Sweatt, William C; Wheeler, David R; Kaehr, Bryan James

    2014-10-14

    Novel photo-writable and thermally switchable polymeric materials exhibit a refractive index change of .DELTA.n.gtoreq.1.0 when exposed to UV light or heat. For example, lithography can be used to convert a non-conjugated precursor polymer to a conjugated polymer having a higher index-of-refraction. Further, two-photon lithography can be used to pattern high-spatial frequency structures.

  18. GRANT SUMMARY REPORT by INDEX Balance as of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurapov, Alexander

    GRANT SUMMARY REPORT by INDEX Beginning Balance as of July 1 Actual Inception-to- Date Current/100)) = $2,093.48) Project Start: 7/1/2009 Current End: 1/1/2012 Index: F0000A - SES APSF Grwth Pro Sci Degr,840.00 $19,539.17 **Projected F&A Cost: $2,093.48 Available Balance: $17,445.69 ** Less F&A calculation

  19. Extensional viscosity measurements of polyethylene using a melt flow indexer 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moffatt, Scott Gordon

    1999-01-01

    . . . . . . . . 142 APPENDIX C: CONSTANT STRESS RHEOMETER TESTING PROCEDURE. . . . . . APPENDIX D: MELT FLOW INDEXER DATA . . . . . 147 APPENDIX E: CAPILLARY RHEOMETER DATA. . . . . . 184 APPENDIX F: OSCILLATORY RHEOMETER DATA . . . . . . . . 213 APPENDIX G...) [Padmanabhan and Macosko (1997)] . . . . . 14 5 Bagley Correction Factor for the Capillary Rheometer. 23 6 Flow Index Determination. . . . . . . 28 7 Definitions of Lengths Used in the Darby Method. 8 Carreau-Yasuda Fit of Complex Viscosity Data for Resin E...

  20. Solution structure and functional analysis of a frameshift-stimulating RNA pseudoknot from sugarcane yellow leaf virus 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cornish, Peter Verle

    2006-04-12

    for maintaining frameshifting efficiency and pseudoknot stability. A proposed P1-P2 mRNA pseudoknot from sugarcane yellow leaf virus (ScYLV) was of interest since it contained two adenosine to cytidine substitutions in L2. Functional analysis shows...

  1. Re-evaluating the role of ascorbic acid and phenolic glycosides in ozone scavenging in the leaf apoplast of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Alan M.

    Re-evaluating the role of ascorbic acid and phenolic glycosides in ozone scavenging in the leaf, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA ABSTRACT Phenolic glycosides are effective reactive oxygen scaven- gers of ascorbic acid (AA) and phenolic glycosides in Arabidopsis thaliana L. Col-0 wild-type plants were

  2. Impacts of elevated CO2 and O3 on aspen leaf litter chemistry and earthworm and springtail productivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Impacts of elevated CO2 and O3 on aspen leaf litter chemistry and earthworm and springtail few studies have considered how CO2- and O3-induced changes in litter quality will affect decomposition. Although the fraction of litter carbon respired by soil invertebrates is fairly small

  3. Summary Pinus taeda L. stomata respond slowly to changes in irradiance. Because incident irradiance on a leaf varies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teskey, Robert O.

    Summary Pinus taeda L. stomata respond slowly to changes in irradiance. Because incident irradiance on a leaf varies constantly, the rate of change in stomatal conductance to fluc- tuating irradiance may have with very different irradiance patterns, assuming that rates of stomatal opening and closing were similar

  4. In tobacco leaf epidermal cells, the integrity of protein export from the endoplasmic reticulum and of ER export sites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    In tobacco leaf epidermal cells, the integrity of protein export from the endoplasmic reticulum and of ER export sites depends on active COPI machinery Giovanni Stefano1, , Luciana Renna1, , Laurent between COPI and COPII for the maintenance of ER protein export, the mechanisms by which COPI influences

  5. Coordination of stem and leaf hydraulic conductance in southern California shrubs: a test of the hydraulic segmentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sack, Lawren

    Coordination of stem and leaf hydraulic conductance in southern California shrubs: a test of the hydraulic segmentation hypothesis Alexandria L. Pivovaroff1 , Lawren Sack2 and Louis S. Santiago1 1 2014 New Phytologist (2014) 203: 842­850 doi: 10.1111/nph.12850 Key words: chaparral, hydraulic

  6. TOMATO: Lycopersicon esculentum (Mill.) `Florida 47' `Tygress' CONTROL OF SILVERLEAF WHITEFLY AND INCIDENCE OF TOMATO YELLOW LEAF CURL VIRUS ON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Lena

    AND INCIDENCE OF TOMATO YELLOW LEAF CURL VIRUS ON STAKED TOMATO WITH INSECTICIDES AND RESISTANT VARIETIES, 2006 to whitefly-borne tomato yellow leafcurl virus (TYLCV) is a major constraint to tomato production in southwest-susceptible `Florida 47' and left untreated to serve as the untreated check and as source of whiteflies and virus

  7. American Journal of Botany 96(4): 738750. 2009. The sensitivity of leaf teeth to climate is well known and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royer, Dana

    , soil depth, slope, elevation, fire return frequency, disturbance; see Table 1), growth form (liana). The primary goal of this study is to examine how ecological attributes related to disturbance, water to resprout after disturbance, and leaf size, lobing, and compounding; see Table 2). Our specific hypotheses

  8. Experimental evidence for the interacting effects of forest edge, moisture and soil macrofauna on leaf litter decomposition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malhi, Yadvinder

    , Oxford OX2 7DE, UK d Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Maclean Building, Crowmarsh Gifford, Wallingford radiation and wind at forest edges reduces soil moisture, which in turn affects leaf litter decomposition 12% today, and 75% of the patches are now less than 2 ha (Watts, 2006). Such small forests

  9. A Phenological Legacy: Leafing and flowering data for lilacs and honeysuckles 1956-2014

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rosemartin, Alyssa; Denny, Ellen G.; Weltzin, Jake F.; Marsh, Lee; Wilson, Bruce E; Mehdipoor, Hamed; Zurita-Milla, Raul; Schwartz, Mark D

    2015-07-21

    The dataset is comprised of leafing and flowering data collected across the continental United States from 1956 to 2014 for purple common lilac (Syringa vulgaris), a cloned lilac cultivar (S. x chinensis Red Rothomagensis ) and two cloned honeysuckle cultivars (Lonicera tartarica Arnold Red and L. korolkowii Zabeli ). Applications of this observational dataset range from detecting regional weather patterns to understanding the impacts of global climate change on the onset of spring at the national scale. While minor changes in methods have occurred over time, and some documentation is lacking, outlier analyses identified fewer than 3% of records as unusually early or late. Lilac and honeysuckle phenology data have proven robust in both model development and climatic research.

  10. A Phenological Legacy: Leafing and flowering data for lilacs and honeysuckles 1956-2014

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Rosemartin, Alyssa; Denny, Ellen G.; Weltzin, Jake F.; Marsh, Lee; Wilson, Bruce E; Mehdipoor, Hamed; Zurita-Milla, Raul; Schwartz, Mark D

    2015-07-21

    The dataset is comprised of leafing and flowering data collected across the continental United States from 1956 to 2014 for purple common lilac (Syringa vulgaris), a cloned lilac cultivar (S. x chinensis Red Rothomagensis ) and two cloned honeysuckle cultivars (Lonicera tartarica Arnold Red and L. korolkowii Zabeli ). Applications of this observational dataset range from detecting regional weather patterns to understanding the impacts of global climate change on the onset of spring at the national scale. While minor changes in methods have occurred over time, and some documentation is lacking, outlier analyses identified fewer than 3% of records asmore »unusually early or late. Lilac and honeysuckle phenology data have proven robust in both model development and climatic research.« less

  11. A Cost Effectiveness Analysis of Using the Ankle-Brachial Index to Screen for Peripheral Artery Disease

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marshall, Nell

    2012-01-01

    PAD-related medical costs (index qtr + 3 qtr fu) Amputationrates and costs. Costs reported for index quarter ofdata, risk-adjusted costs seperated by index and quarters

  12. F Reactor Area Cleanup Complete

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    RICHLAND, Wash. – U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) contractors have cleaned up the F Reactor Area, the first reactor area at the Hanford Site in southeastern Washington state to be fully remediated.

  13. TH-E-BRE-05: Analysis of Dosimetric Characteristics in Two Leaf Motion Calculator Algorithms for Sliding Window IMRT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, L; Huang, B; Rowedder, B; Ma, B; Kuang, Y

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: The Smart leaf motion calculator (SLMC) in Eclipse treatment planning system is an advanced fluence delivery modeling algorithm as it takes into account fine MLC features including inter-leaf leakage, rounded leaf tips, non-uniform leaf thickness, and the spindle cavity etc. In this study, SLMC and traditional Varian LMC (VLMC) algorithms were investigated, for the first time, in dosimetric characteristics and delivery accuracy of sliding window (SW) IMRT. Methods: The SW IMRT plans of 51 cancer cases were included to evaluate dosimetric characteristics and dose delivery accuracy from leaf motion calculated by SLMC and VLMC, respectively. All plans were delivered using a Varian TrueBeam Linac. The DVH and MUs of the plans were analyzed. Three patient specific QA tools - independent dose calculation software IMSure, Delta4 phantom, and EPID portal dosimetry were also used to measure the delivered dose distribution. Results: Significant differences in the MUs were observed between the two LMCs (p?0.001).Gamma analysis shows an excellent agreement between the planned dose distribution calculated by both LMC algorithms and delivered dose distribution measured by three QA tools in all plans at 3%/3 mm, leading to a mean pass rate exceeding 97%. The mean fraction of pixels with gamma < 1 of SLMC is slightly lower than that of VLMC in the IMSure and Delta4 results, but higher in portal dosimetry (the highest spatial resolution), especially in complex cases such as nasopharynx. Conclusion: The study suggests that the two LMCs generates the similar target coverage and sparing patterns of critical structures. However, SLMC is modestly more accurate than VLMC in modeling advanced MLC features, which may lead to a more accurate dose delivery in SW IMRT. Current clinical QA tools might not be specific enough to differentiate the dosimetric discrepancies at the millimeter level calculated by these two LMC algorithms. NIH/NIGMS grant U54 GM104944, Lincy Endowed Assistant Professorship.

  14. A Multivariate Baltic Sea Environmental Index Joachim W. Dippner, Georgs Kornilovs,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dippner, Joachim W.

    REPORT A Multivariate Baltic Sea Environmental Index Joachim W. Dippner, Georgs Kornilovs, Karin multivariate index for the Baltic Sea is developed and presented here. The multivariate Baltic Sea

  15. Monroe Urbanized Area MTP 2035 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monroe Urbanized Area Metropolitan Planning Organization

    2010-10-31

    /plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 Monroe Urbanized Area MTP 2035 The 2035 Metropolitan Transportation Plan for the Monroe Urbanized Area Developed for The Monroe Urbanized Area Metropolitan Planning Organization and The Louisiana Department... of Transportation and Development Developed by In association with Neel-Schaffer, Inc. **DRAFT** Adopted Date Here This document was prepared in cooperation with: The Monroe Urbanized Area MPO Technical Advisory Committee and The Louisiana...

  16. Communication in Home Area Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yubo

    2012-01-01

    used in area like smart buildings, street light controls andbuilding. This section focuses on HAN design to address two smart

  17. datamanagementgroup 2011 SURVEY AREA SUMMARY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    RidgeRd. SimcoeSt. Hwy.7&12 RegRd.57 0 4 8 Kilometers Area = 51,980 Hectares #12;POPULATION CHARACTERISTICSdatamanagementgroup 2011 SURVEY AREA SUMMARY DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING - UNIVERSITY Drivers Vehicles Trips/day 2011 2006 1996 1986 datamanagementgroup 2011 SURVEY AREA SUMMARY DEPARTMENT

  18. datamanagementgroup 2011 SURVEY AREA SUMMARY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    .7 4.1 5.8 27.9 TRIPS MADE TO TTS AREA 4,070,800 22.8% 51% 22% 6% 21% 61% 13% 12% 2% 8% 4% 7.1 3.3 7datamanagementgroup 2011 SURVEY AREA SUMMARY DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING - UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO PREPARED BY 5 TRANSPORTATION TOMORROW SURVEY AREA City of Orillia Durham Region City

  19. Nuclear Energy Readiness Indicator Index (NERI): A benchmarking tool for assessing nuclear capacity in developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saum-Manning,L.

    2008-07-13

    Declining natural resources, rising oil prices, looming climate change and the introduction of nuclear energy partnerships, such as GNEP, have reinvigorated global interest in nuclear energy. The convergence of such issues has prompted countries to move ahead quickly to deal with the challenges that lie ahead. However, developing countries, in particular, often lack the domestic infrastructure and public support needed to implement a nuclear energy program in a safe, secure, and nonproliferation-conscious environment. How might countries become ready for nuclear energy? What is needed is a framework for assessing a country's readiness for nuclear energy. This paper suggests that a Nuclear Energy Readiness Indicator (NERI) Index might serve as a meaningful basis for assessing a country's status in terms of progress toward nuclear energy utilization under appropriate conditions. The NERI Index is a benchmarking tool that measures a country's level of 'readiness' for nonproliferation-conscious nuclear energy development. NERI first identifies 8 key indicators that have been recognized by the International Atomic Energy Agency as key nonproliferation and security milestones to achieve prior to establishing a nuclear energy program. It then measures a country's progress in each of these areas on a 1-5 point scale. In doing so NERI illuminates gaps or underdeveloped areas in a country's nuclear infrastructure with a view to enable stakeholders to prioritize the allocation of resources toward programs and policies supporting international nonproliferation goals through responsible nuclear energy development. On a preliminary basis, the indicators selected include: (1) demonstrated need; (2) expressed political support; (3) participation in nonproliferation and nuclear security treaties, international terrorism conventions, and export and border control arrangements; (4) national nuclear-related legal and regulatory mechanisms; (5) nuclear infrastructure; (6) the utilization of IAEA technical assistance; (7) participation in regional arrangements; and (8) public support for nuclear power. In this paper, the Index aggregates the indicators and evaluates and compares the level of readiness in seven countries that have recently expressed various degrees of interest in establishing a nuclear energy program. The NERI Index could be a valuable tool to be utilized by: (1) country officials who are considering nuclear power; (2) the international community, desiring reassurance of a country's capacity for the peaceful, safe, and secure use of nuclear energy; (3) foreign governments/NGO's, seeking to prioritize and direct resources toward developing countries; and (4) private stakeholders interested in nuclear infrastructure investment opportunities.

  20. Massive-scale RDF Processing Using Compressed Bitmap Indexes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Madduri, Kamesh; Wu, Kesheng

    2011-05-26

    The Resource Description Framework (RDF) is a popular data model for representing linked data sets arising from the web, as well as large scienti#12;c data repositories such as UniProt. RDF data intrinsically represents a labeled and directed multi-graph. SPARQL is a query language for RDF that expresses subgraph pattern-#12;nding queries on this implicit multigraph in a SQL- like syntax. SPARQL queries generate complex intermediate join queries; to compute these joins e#14;ciently, we propose a new strategy based on bitmap indexes. We store the RDF data in column-oriented structures as compressed bitmaps along with two dictionaries. This paper makes three new contributions. (i) We present an e#14;cient parallel strategy for parsing the raw RDF data, building dictionaries of unique entities, and creating compressed bitmap indexes of the data. (ii) We utilize the constructed bitmap indexes to e#14;ciently answer SPARQL queries, simplifying the join evaluations. (iii) To quantify the performance impact of using bitmap indexes, we compare our approach to the state-of-the-art triple-store RDF-3X. We #12;nd that our bitmap index-based approach to answering queries is up to an order of magnitude faster for a variety of SPARQL queries, on gigascale RDF data sets.

  1. Geothermal resource area 9: Nye County. Area development plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pugsley, M.

    1981-01-01

    Geothermal Resource area 9 encompasses all of Nye County, Nevada. Within this area there are many different known geothermal sites ranging in temperature from 70/sup 0/ to over 265/sup 0/ F. Fifteen of the more major sites have been selected for evaluation in this Area Development Plan. Various potential uses of the energy found at each of the resource sites discussed in this Area Development Plan were determined after evaluating the area's physical characteristics, land ownership and land use patterns, existing population and projected growth rates, and transportation facilities, and comparing those with the site specific resource characteristics. The uses considered were divided into five main categories: electrical generation, space heating, recreation, industrial process heat, and agriculture. Within two of these categories certain subdivisions were considered separately. The findings about each of the 15 geothermal sites considered in this Area Development Plan are summarized.

  2. New methods for indexing multi-lattice diffraction data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gildea, Richard J.; Waterman, David G.; Parkhurst, James M.; Axford, Danny; Sutton, Geoff; Stuart, David I.; Sauter, Nicholas K.; Evans, Gwyndaf; Winter, Graeme

    2014-09-27

    A new indexing method is presented which is capable of indexing multiple crystal lattices from narrow wedges of diffraction data. The method takes advantage of a simplification of Fourier transform-based methods that is applicable when the unit-cell dimensions are known a priori. The efficacy of this method is demonstrated with both semi-synthetic multi-lattice data and real multi-lattice data recorded from crystals of ~1 µm in size, where it is shown that up to six lattices can be successfully indexed and subsequently integrated from a 1° wedge of data. Analysis is presented which shows that improvements in data-quality indicators can be obtained through accurate identification and rejection of overlapping reflections prior to scaling.

  3. New methods for indexing multi-lattice diffraction data

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Gildea, Richard J.; Waterman, David G.; Parkhurst, James M.; Axford, Danny; Sutton, Geoff; Stuart, David I.; Sauter, Nicholas K.; Evans, Gwyndaf; Winter, Graeme

    2014-09-27

    A new indexing method is presented which is capable of indexing multiple crystal lattices from narrow wedges of diffraction data. The method takes advantage of a simplification of Fourier transform-based methods that is applicable when the unit-cell dimensions are known a priori. The efficacy of this method is demonstrated with both semi-synthetic multi-lattice data and real multi-lattice data recorded from crystals of ~1 µm in size, where it is shown that up to six lattices can be successfully indexed and subsequently integrated from a 1° wedge of data. Analysis is presented which shows that improvements in data-quality indicators can bemore »obtained through accurate identification and rejection of overlapping reflections prior to scaling.« less

  4. Grant Establishment How To Obtain A Grant, Index or Fund Number

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammack, Richard

    matching or cost sharing an index will be created using the data supplied on the cost sharing authorization form received with the award notice. The cost sharing index is a supplemental index to an existing the section on "How to determine allowable and unallowable costs" for more information. When Will the Index

  5. Acceleration of Relational Index Structures Based on Statistics Hans-Peter Kriegel*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kriegel, Hans-Peter

    as a sequence SeqQ,I of index range scans. I/0 cost. The number of logical reads LR(s) associated with one indexAcceleration of Relational Index Structures Based on Statistics Hans-Peter Kriegel* , Peter Kunath, pfeifle, renz}@dbs.informatik.uni-muenchen.de Abstract Relational index structures, as for instance

  6. Automatic Semantic Subject Indexing of Web Documents in Highly Inected Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyvönen, Eero

    Automatic Semantic Subject Indexing of Web Documents in Highly Inected Languages Reetta Sinkkilä://www.seco.tkk.fi/ Abstract. Structured semantic metadata about unstructured web doc- uments can be created using automatic subject indexing methods, avoid- ing laborious manual indexing. A succesful automatic subject indexing

  7. A comparative study of retrieval effectiveness from a scientific document database with computer-generated indexing and manually generated keyword-based indexing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mishra, Jayanta Kumar

    1999-01-01

    The primary objective of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a full text indexing and retrieval system for a scientific document database. The secondary objective was to assess the completeness of the manual indexes that are already...

  8. Efficient Update of Indexes for Dynamically Changing Web Documents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Lipyeow; Wang, Min; Padmanabhan, Sriram; Vitter, Jeffrey Scott; Agarwal, Ramesh

    2007-01-01

    index is a collection of inverted lists, where each list is associated with a particular word. An inverted list for a given word is a collection of document IDs of those documents that contain the word. If the position of a word occurrence in a document... is needed, each document ID entry in the inverted list also contains a list of location IDs. Positional information of words is needed for proximity queries and query result ranking [25]. Omitting positional information in the inverted index is therefore a...

  9. Refractive index of glass and its dipersion for visible light.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, D. Y.; Karstens, W. (Physics); (Univ. of Vermont); (Saint Michael's Coll.)

    2010-01-01

    The classification of optical glass and empirical relations between the refractive index and its dispersion are discussed in terms of moments of the glass's IR and UV absorption spectra. The observed linear dependence of index on dispersion within glass families is shown to arise primarily from the approximately linear superposition of the electronic absorptions of glass former and glass modifiers. The binary classification into crown and flint glasses is also based primarily on electronic spectra: Crown glasses are 'wide-gap' materials with excitation energies greater than {approx}12.4 eV, while flint glasses are their 'narrow-gap' counterpart.

  10. datamanagementgroup 2011 SURVEY AREA SUMMARY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    % 7% 6.5 5.5 6.5 68.5 30,100 10% 5% 51% 34% 73% 17% 1% * 3% 7% 7.0 7.2 10.0 * ANCASTER AREA CITYdatamanagementgroup 2011 SURVEY AREA SUMMARY DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING - UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO PREPARED BY 85 ANCASTER AREA CITY OF HAMILTON Mohawk Rd. Main St. Carluke Rd. Governors Rd. Garner

  11. datamanagementgroup 2011 SURVEY AREA SUMMARY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    ,213,000 38% 13% 35% 14% 60% 14% 16% 1% 7% 2% 5.7 4.1 6.6 30.0 TRIPS MADE TO TTS AREA 3,168,200 23.5% 51% 22datamanagementgroup 2011 SURVEY AREA SUMMARY DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING - UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO PREPARED BY 5 GREATER TORONTO HAMILTON AREA Durham Region Peel Region City of Hamilton City

  12. Kodiak Area Management Reports, 19242010 Kodiak Area Management Reports, 19242010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    367 Kodiak Area Management Reports, 1924­2010 APPENDIX 4 Kodiak Area Management Reports, 1924­2010 1924: Fred R. Lucas. Report of Kodiak-Afognak Fish- eries District to August 31, 1924. U.S. Bureau of Fisheries, Afognak, AK (5 September 1924). 8 p. 1924: Fred R. Lucas. Report of Kodiak-Afognak Dis- trict

  13. Communication in Home Area Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yubo

    2012-01-01

    and implementation of smart home energy management systemsStandard Technologies for Smart Home Area Networks EnablingInteroperability framework for smart home systems”, Consumer

  14. Warming and Intensified Summer Drought Influence Leaf Dark Respiration and Related Plant Traits in Three Dominant Species of the Southern Oak Savanna 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lindgren, Kourtnee Marr

    2011-08-08

    The short-term temperature-response of dark respiration may be altered by climate warming through temperature acclimation; however the role of drought in influencing thermal acclimation is not known. We hypothesized that leaf dark respiration...

  15. Impaction of spray droplets on leaves: influence of formulation and leaf character on shatter, bounce and adhesion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dorr, Gary J; Mayo, Lisa C; McCue, Scott W; Forster, W Alison; Hanan, Jim; He, Xiongkui

    2015-01-01

    This paper combines experimental data with simple mathematical models to investigate the influence of spray formulation type and leaf character (wettability) on shatter, bounce and adhesion of droplets impacting with cotton, rice and wheat leaves. Impaction criteria that allow for different angles of the leaf surface and the droplet impact trajectory are presented; their predictions are based on whether combinations of droplet size and velocity lie above or below bounce and shatter boundaries. In the experimental component, real leaves are used, with all their inherent natural variability. Further, commercial agricultural spray nozzles are employed, resulting in a range of droplet characteristics. Given this natural variability, there is broad agreement between the data and predictions. As predicted, the shatter of droplets was found to increase as droplet size and velocity increased, and the surface became harder to wet. Bouncing of droplets occurred most frequently on hard to wet surfaces with high surface ...

  16. Mycorrhizae and phosphorus fertilization effects on survival, growth, total biomass and leaf nutrient levels of two-year old Leucaena leucocephala 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mbugua, David Kahuria

    1985-01-01

    MYCORRHIZAE AND PHOSPHORUS FERTILIZATION EFFECTS ON SURVIVAL, GRONTH& TOTAL BIOMASS AND LEAF NUTRIENT LEVELS OF TWO-YEAR CLD LEUCAENA LEUCOCEPHALA A Thesis by DAVID KAHURIA MBUGUA Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University... in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1985 Major Subject: Forestry MYCORRHIZAE AND PHOSPHORUS FERTILIZATION EFFECTS ON SURVIVAL, GROWTH& TOTAL BIOMASS AND LEAF NUTRIENT LEVELS OF TWO-YEAR OLD LEUCAENA...

  17. Metagenomic and metaproteomic insights into bacterial communities in leaf-cutter ant fungus gardens

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aylward, Frank O.; Burnum, Kristin E.; Scott, Jarrod J.; Suen, Garret; Tringe, Susannah G.; Adams, Sandra M.; Barry, Kerrie W.; Nicora, Carrie D.; Piehowski, Paul D.; Purvine, Samuel O.; Starrett, Gabriel J.; Goodwin, Lynne A.; Smith, Richard D.; Lipton, Mary S.; Currie, Cameron R.

    2012-09-01

    Herbivores gain access to nutrients stored in plant biomass largely by harnessing the metabolic activities of microbes. Leaf-cutter ants of the genus Atta are a hallmark example; these dominant Neotropical herbivores cultivate symbiotic fungus gardens on massive quantities of fresh plant forage. As the external digestive system of the ants, fungus gardens facilitate the production and sustenance of millions of workers in mature Atta colonies. Here we use metagenomic, and metaproteomic techniques to characterize the bacterial diversity and overall physiological potential of fungus gardens from two species of Atta. Our analysis of over 1.2 Gbp of community metagenomic sequence and three 16S pyrotag libraries reveals that, in addition to harboring the dominant fungal crop, these ecosystems contain abundant populations of Enterobacteriaceae, including the genera Enterobacter, Pantoea, Klebsiella, Citrobacter, and Escherichia. We show that these bacterial communities possess genes commonly associated with lignocellulose degradation, and likely participate in the processing of plant biomass. Additionally, we demonstrate that bacteria in these environments encode a diverse suite of biosynthetic pathways, and that they may enrich the nitrogen-poor forage of the ants with B-vitamins, amino acids, and proteins. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that fungus gardens are highly-specialized fungus-bacteria communities that efficiently convert plant material into usable energy for their ant hosts. Together with recent investigations into the microbial symbionts of vertebrates, our work underscores the importance of microbial communities to the ecology and evolution of herbivorous metazoans.

  18. Development of nanosecond time-resolved infrared detection at the LEAF pulse radiolysis facility

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Grills, David C. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Farrington, Jaime A. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Layne, Bobby H. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Preses, Jack M. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Bernstein, Herbert J. [Dowling College, Shirley, NY (United States); Wishart, James F. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)

    2015-04-01

    When coupled with transient absorption spectroscopy, pulse radiolysis, which utilizes high-energy electron pulses from an accelerator, is a powerful tool for investigating the kinetics and thermodynamics of a wide range of radiation-induced redox and electron transfer processes. The majority of these investigations detect transient species in the UV, visible, or near-IR spectral regions. Unfortunately, the often-broad and featureless absorption bands in these regions can make the definitive identification of intermediates difficult. Time-resolved vibrational spectroscopy would offer much improved structural characterization, but has received only limited application in pulse radiolysis. In this paper, we describe in detail the development of a unique nanosecond time-resolved infrared (TRIR) detection capability for condensed-phase pulse radiolysis on a new beam line at the LEAF facility of Brookhaven National Laboratory. The system makes use of a suite of high-power, continuous wave external-cavity quantum cascade lasers as the IR probe source, with coverage from 2330-1051 cm?¹. The response time of the TRIR detection setup is ?40 ns, with a typical sensitivity of ?100 µOD after 4-8 signal averages using a dual-beam probe/reference normalization detection scheme. This new detection method has enabled mechanistic investigations of a range of radiation-induced chemical processes, some of which are highlighted here.

  19. Development of nanosecond time-resolved infrared detection at the LEAF pulse radiolysis facility

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Grills, David C.; Farrington, Jaime A.; Layne, Bobby H.; Preses, Jack M.; Bernstein, Herbert J.; Wishart, James F.

    2015-04-27

    When coupled with transient absorption spectroscopy, pulse radiolysis, which utilizes high-energy electron pulses from an accelerator, is a powerful tool for investigating the kinetics and thermodynamics of a wide range of radiation-induced redox and electron transfer processes. The majority of these investigations detect transient species in the UV, visible, or near-IR spectral regions. Unfortunately, the often-broad and featureless absorption bands in these regions can make the definitive identification of intermediates difficult. Time-resolved vibrational spectroscopy would offer much improved structural characterization, but has received only limited application in pulse radiolysis. In this paper, we describe in detail the development of amore »unique nanosecond time-resolved infrared (TRIR) detection capability for condensed-phase pulse radiolysis on a new beam line at the LEAF facility of Brookhaven National Laboratory. The system makes use of a suite of high-power, continuous wave external-cavity quantum cascade lasers as the IR probe source, with coverage from 2330-1051 cm?¹. The response time of the TRIR detection setup is ~40 ns, with a typical sensitivity of ~100 µOD after 4-8 signal averages using a dual-beam probe/reference normalization detection scheme. As a result, this new detection method has enabled mechanistic investigations of a range of radiation-induced chemical processes, some of which are highlighted here.« less

  20. Analysis of Leaf and Root Transcriptome of Soil Grown Avena barbata Plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swarbreck, Sté; phanie; Lindquist, Erika; Ackerly, David; Andersen, Gary

    2011-02-01

    Slender wild oat (Avena barbata) is an annual grass dominant in many grassland ecosystems in Mediterranean climate. This species has been the subject of ecological studies that aim at understanding the effect of global climate change on grassland ecosystems and the genetic basis for adaptation under varying environmental conditions. We present the sequencing and analysis of cDNA libraries constructed from leaf and root samples collected from A. barbata grown on natural soil and under varying rainfall patterns. More than one million expressed sequence tags (ESTs) were generated using both GS 454-FLX pyrosequencing and Sanger sequencing, and these tags were assembled into consensus sequences. We identified numerous candidate polymorphic markers in the dataset, providing possibilities for linking the genomic and the existing genetic information for A. barbata. Using the digital northern method, we showed that genes involved in photosynthesis were down regulated under high rainfall while stress- related genes were up regulated. We also identified a number of genes unique to the root library with unknown function. Real-time RT-PCR was used to confirm the root specificity of some of these transcripts such as two genes encoding O-methyl transferase. Also we showed differential expression under three water levels. Through a combination of Sanger and 454-based sequencing technologies, we were able to generate a large set of transcribed sequences for A. barbata. This dataset provides a platform for further studies of this important wild grass species

  1. Development of nanosecond time-resolved infrared detection at the LEAF pulse radiolysis facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grills, David C.; Farrington, Jaime A.; Layne, Bobby H.; Preses, Jack M.; Bernstein, Herbert J.; Wishart, James F.

    2015-04-27

    When coupled with transient absorption spectroscopy, pulse radiolysis, which utilizes high-energy electron pulses from an accelerator, is a powerful tool for investigating the kinetics and thermodynamics of a wide range of radiation-induced redox and electron transfer processes. The majority of these investigations detect transient species in the UV, visible, or near-IR spectral regions. Unfortunately, the often-broad and featureless absorption bands in these regions can make the definitive identification of intermediates difficult. Time-resolved vibrational spectroscopy would offer much improved structural characterization, but has received only limited application in pulse radiolysis. In this paper, we describe in detail the development of a unique nanosecond time-resolved infrared (TRIR) detection capability for condensed-phase pulse radiolysis on a new beam line at the LEAF facility of Brookhaven National Laboratory. The system makes use of a suite of high-power, continuous wave external-cavity quantum cascade lasers as the IR probe source, with coverage from 2330-1051 cm?¹. The response time of the TRIR detection setup is ~40 ns, with a typical sensitivity of ~100 µOD after 4-8 signal averages using a dual-beam probe/reference normalization detection scheme. As a result, this new detection method has enabled mechanistic investigations of a range of radiation-induced chemical processes, some of which are highlighted here.

  2. datamanagementgroup 2011 SURVEY AREA SUMMARY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    datamanagementgroup 2011 SURVEY AREA SUMMARY DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING - UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO PREPARED BY 51 TOWN OF RICHMOND HILL REGIONAL MUNICIPALITY OF YORK LeslieSt. Stouffville Rd. King 6 Kilometers Area = 10,180 Hectares #12;POPULATION CHARACTERISTICS Population Age Daily

  3. Area Health Education Center of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    Area Health Education Center of Eastern Washington Washington State University Extension's Area Health Education Center of Eastern Washington works with university and community allies to promote health for underserved and at-risk populations. It is part of a network of AHEC organiza- tions

  4. Modeling EU electricity market competition using the residual supply index

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swinand, Gregory; Scully, Derek; Ffoulkes, Stuart; Kessler, Brian

    2010-11-15

    An econometric approach to related hourly Residual Supply Index to price-cost margins in the major EU electricity generation markets suggests that market structure, as measured by the RSI, is a significant explanatory factor for markups, even when scarcity and other explanatory variables are included. (author)

  5. CSMRI DOCUMENT REPOSITORY INDEX Revised June 15, 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Page 1 CSMRI DOCUMENT REPOSITORY INDEX Revised June 15, 2007 HARD COPY DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE 2002 - March 2003 3 New Horizons Project Records Capital Construction CSM 2002-2004 4 New Horizons - CSMRI Site Contaminated Material The S.M. Stoller Corporation April 1, 2005 7 Technical and Cost

  6. Validation of the strain index in manufacturing facilities 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rucker, Nathan Paul

    1999-01-01

    factors were not found to be significant and had low measures of predictive validity. The results generated by this study suggest that the predictive validity of the Strain Index is good and the predictive validity of the generic poor. This indicates...

  7. A Sequential Indexing Scheme for Flash-Based Embedded Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for efficient indexing techniques arises. This motivates manufacturers of Flash modules and smart objects. On the other hand, smart object manufacturers are facing new constraints in terms of energy consumption (to of this approach through a comprehensive performance study. 1. INTRODUCTION Smart cards were equipped

  8. 2004 INDEX OF INNOVATION AND TECHNOLOGY TRI-CITIES, WASHINGTON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    technology startups in the last five years o Has not yet experienced many of the downsides of growth Tax Burden 14 Labor Costs 15 Growth 16 Employment in Technology Firms 17 Growth in Startups 172004 INDEX OF INNOVATION AND TECHNOLOGY TRI-CITIES, WASHINGTON JULY 2004 #12;PNNL-SA-42092 2004

  9. Internet Traffic Modeling Using the Index of Variability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kansas, University of

    traffic models: the Two-State Markov Modulated Poisson Process (MMPP) and the renewal process1 Internet Traffic Modeling Using the Index of Variability Georgios Y. Lazarou, Xiangdong Xia and is analytically tractable for many popular traffic models. Using this proposed measure, we then analyzed two

  10. Efficient Indexing Data Structures for Flash-Based Sensor Devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Anxiao "Andrew"

    structures, MicroHash and MicroGF (micro grid files), exploit the asymmetric read/write and wear, and WALID A. NAJJAR University of California, Riverside Flash memory is the most prevalent storage medium behind these index structures is that expensive random access deletions are completely eliminated. Micro

  11. Engineering http://www.sfsu.edu/~cse/wise/index.html

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the College of Science & Engineering (Biology, Chemistry & Biochemistry, Computer Science, Earth & Climate Women In Science & Engineering http://www.sfsu.edu/~cse/wise/index.html WISE Scholarship University (SFSU) College of Science & Engineering (COSE) permission to check my SFSU records to verify

  12. A novel molecular index for secondary oil migration distance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    alteration of buried organic matter in source rocks, followed by oil expulsion (primary migration) outA novel molecular index for secondary oil migration distance Liuping Zhang1 , Maowen Li2 , Yang migration distances from source rocks to reservoirs can greatly help in the search for new petroleum

  13. The Community Loss Index: A New Social Indicator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Weigang

    and an aggregator of individ- ual experiences. Building on the relationship between loss and stress, the index at is growing due to mounting demand for accountability, outcome measures, evidence-based research, and indicators that reveal what works. In response, researchers like Jochen Albrecht and Laxmi Ramasubramanian ð

  14. Index theory and the hypoelliptic Laplacian Jean-Michel Bismut

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bismut, Jean-Michel

    31 4.1. A superconnection associated with a vector bundle 31 4.2. The elliptic Dirac operator 33 4 and the Levi-Civita superconnection of TX 36 4.6. The hypoelliptic deformation of the local index theoretic

  15. Unidirectional transmission using array of zero-refractive-index metamaterials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fu, Yangyang; Xu, Lin; Hong Hang, Zhi; Chen, Huanyang

    2014-05-12

    In this Letter, we find that high efficient unidirectional transmission occurs for an array of prisms made of zero-refractive-index metamaterials. As a specific demonstration, we further design the device using Dirac-cone-like photonic crystals. The device can function for a broadband of spectrum. Numerical simulations are performed to verify the one-way wave functionality.

  16. Human Motion Capture Data Compression by Model-Based Indexing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhandarkar, Suchendra "Suchi" M.

    Human Motion Capture Data Compression by Model-Based Indexing: A Power Aware Approach Siddhartha Chattopadhyay, Suchendra M. Bhandarkar, Member, IEEE, and Kang Li Abstract--Human Motion Capture (MoCap) data can be used for animation of virtual human-like characters in distributed virtual reality applications

  17. A file with robust index Wilberd van der Kallen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kallen, Wilberd

    of makeindex, but that construction is broken by our package. (The encapsulating construction uses the encap about labels or names. Do not exclude any relevant files. For instance, do not use \\includeonly. Say we the index. The package hyperref may break our code. Therefore one must use the op- tion hyperindex

  18. Cognitive science in popular film: the Cognitive Science Movie Index

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indiana University

    Cognitive science in popular film: the Cognitive Science Movie Index Benjamin Motz Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences and Cognitive Science Program, Indiana University Bloomington, Bloomington of films depict- ing themes in cognitive science and the potential power of popular cinema for outreach

  19. Index Theory and the Baum-Connes conjecture Thomas Schick*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schick, Thomas

    Index Theory and the Baum-Connes conjecture Thomas Schick of constraints of length and time, are e.g. [23, 5, 16]. ___________________________* e-mail: schick@uni-math.gwdg.de www: http://uni-math.gwdg.de/schick Fax: ++49 -251/83 38370 1 #12

  20. INDEX TO VOLUME 146 (PART 2) Santa Barbara Basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and other terms are referenced only if they are subjects of discussion. This index also includes broad) a main entry, defined as a keyword or concept followed by a reference to the page on which that word or concept appears, and (2) a subentry, defined as an elaboration of the main entry fol- lowed by a page

  1. On Sum--Connectivity Index of Bicyclic Graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Du, Zhibin

    2009-01-01

    We determine the minimum sum--connectivity index of bicyclic graphs with $n$ vertices and matching number $m$, where $2\\le m\\le \\lfloor\\frac{n}{2}\\rfloor$, the minimum and the second minimum, as well as the maximum and the second maximum sum--connectivity indices of bicyclic graphs with $n\\ge 5$ vertices. The extremal graphs are characterized.

  2. Running of scalar spectral index in multi-field inflation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jinn-Ouk Gong

    2015-05-20

    We compute the running of the scalar spectral index in general multi-field slow-roll inflation. By incorporating explicit momentum dependence at the moment of horizon crossing, we can find the running straightforwardly. At the same time, we can distinguish the contributions from the quasi de Sitter background and the super-horizon evolution of the field fluctuations.

  3. Similarity-Index Early Seizure Detector VLSI Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Genov, Roman

    Similarity-Index Early Seizure Detector VLSI Architecture Amogh Vidwans, Karim Abdelhalim, Roman: {roman}@eecg.utoronto.ca Abstract-- A low power VLSI architecture implementing an algorithm for early by intractable epilepsy, and neurologists believe that stimulating the right neuronal cells with short electrical

  4. Before Mapping After Mapping Area Power Area Delay Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    32 Exam- ples Before Mapping After Mapping Area Power Area Delay Power 5xp1 0.93 0.98 0.86 0.82 0 1.01 1.01 1.02 1.07 0.99 duke2 1.01 1.01 0.99 1.13 0.97 e64 1.00 0.51 0.83 1.16 0.50 ex5 0.99 0.89 0.99 0.92 0.96 1.05 0.90 Table 2: Area, delay and power statistics for power script (normalized

  5. A Determination of the Gamma-ray Flux and Photon Spectral Index Distributions of Blazars from the Fermi-LAT 3LAC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singal, J

    2015-01-01

    We present a determination of the distributions of gamma-ray photon flux -- the so called LogN-LogS relation -- and photon spectral index for blazars, based on the third extragalactic source catalog of the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope's Large Area Telescope, and considering the photon energy range from 100 MeV to 100 GeV. The dataset consists of the 774 blazars in the so-called "Clean" sample detected with a greater than approximately seven sigma detection threshold and located above $\\pm$20 deg Galactic latitude. We use non-parametric methods verified in previous works to reconstruct the intrinsic distributions from the observed ones which account for the data truncations introduced by observational bias and includes the effects of the possible correlation between the flux and photon index. The intrinsic flux distribution can be represented by a broken power law with a high flux power-law index of -2.43$\\pm$0.08 and a low flux power-law index of -1.87$\\pm$0.10. The intrinsic photon index distribution can ...

  6. The Spectral shift function and the Witten index

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alan Carey; Fritz Gesztesy; Galina Levitina; Fedor Sukochev

    2015-05-19

    We survey the notion of the spectral shift function of a pair of self-adjoint operators and recent progress on its connection with the Witten index. We also describe a proof of Krein's Trace Theorem that does not use complex analysis [53] and develop its extension to general $\\sigma$-finite von Neumann algebras $\\mathcal{M}$ of type II and unbounded perturbations from the predual of $\\mathcal{M}$. We also discuss the connection between the theory of the spectral shift function and index theory for certain model operators. We start by introducing various definitions of the Witten index, (an extension of the notion of Fredholm index to non-Fredholm operators). Then we study the model operator $D_{A^{}} = (d/dt) + A$ in $L^2(\\mathbb{R};\\mathcal{H})$ associated with the operator path $\\{A(t)\\}_{t=-\\infty}^{\\infty}$, where $(A f)(t) = A(t) f(t)$ for a.e. $t\\in\\mathbb{R}$, and appropriate $f \\in L^2(\\mathbb{R};\\mathcal{H})$. The setup permits the operator family $A(t)$ on $\\mathcal{H}$ to be an unbounded relatively trace class perturbation of the unbounded self-adjoint operator $A_-$, and no discrete spectrum assumptions are made on the asymptotes $A_{\\pm}$. When $A_{\\pm}$ are boundedly invertible, it is shown that $D_{A^{}}$ is Fredholm and its index can be computed as $\\xi(0; A_+, A_-)$. When $0\\in\\sigma(A_+)$ (or $0\\in\\sigma(A_-)$), the operator $D_{A^{}}$ ceases to be Fredholm. However, if $0$ is a right and a left Lebesgue point of $\\xi(\\,\\cdot\\,\\, ; A_+, A_-)$, the resolvent regularized Witten index $W_r(D_{A^{}})$ is given by $W_r(D_{A^{}}) = \\xi(0_+; |D_{A^{*}}|^2, |D_{A^{}}|^2) = [\\xi(0_+; A_+,A_-) + \\xi(0_-; A_+, A_-)]/2$. We also study a special example, when the perturbation of the unbounded self-adjoint operator $A_-$ is not assumed to be relatively trace class.

  7. AREA

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    or if they need to add this to their audit they have performed yearly by a public accounting firm. 316 audits are essentially A-133 audits for for-profit entities. They DO...

  8. Communication in Home Area Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yubo

    2012-01-01

    21] ZigBee Alliance. "ZigBee Smart Energy V2.0”, 2011 [22]Secure remote access to Smart Energy Home area Networks”,Density HEMS SEP Smart Energy Profile HV Home Energy

  9. Progress Update: M Area Closure

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Cody, Tom

    2012-06-14

    A progress update of the Recovery Act at work at the Savannah River Site. The celebration of the first area cleanup completion with the help of the Recovery Act.

  10. Security Area Vouching and Piggybacking

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2000-06-05

    Establishes requirements for the Department of Energy (DOE) Security Area practice of "vouching" or "piggybacking" access by personnel. DOE N 251.40, dated 5-3-01, extends this directive until 12-31-01.

  11. Improved evidence-based genome-scale metabolic models for maize leaf, embryo, and endosperm

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Seaver, Samuel M.D.; Bradbury, Louis M.T.; Frelin, Océane; Zarecki, Raphy; Ruppin, Eytan; Hanson, Andrew D.; Henry, Christopher S.

    2015-03-10

    There is a growing demand for genome-scale metabolic reconstructions for plants, fueled by the need to understand the metabolic basis of crop yield and by progress in genome and transcriptome sequencing. Methods are also required to enable the interpretation of plant transcriptome data to study how cellular metabolic activity varies under different growth conditions or even within different organs, tissues, and developmental stages. Such methods depend extensively on the accuracy with which genes have been mapped to the biochemical reactions in the plant metabolic pathways. Errors in these mappings lead to metabolic reconstructions with an inflated number of reactions andmore »possible generation of unreliable metabolic phenotype predictions. Here we introduce a new evidence-based genome-scale metabolic reconstruction of maize, with significant improvements in the quality of the gene-reaction associations included within our model. We also present a new approach for applying our model to predict active metabolic genes based on transcriptome data. This method includes a minimal set of reactions associated with low expression genes to enable activity of a maximum number of reactions associated with high expression genes. We apply this method to construct an organ-specific model for the maize leaf, and tissue specific models for maize embryo and endosperm cells. We validate our models using fluxomics data for the endosperm and embryo, demonstrating an improved capacity of our models to fit the available fluxomics data. All models are publicly available via the DOE Systems Biology Knowledgebase and PlantSEED, and our new method is generally applicable for analysis transcript profiles from any plant, paving the way for further in silico studies with a wide variety of plant genomes.« less

  12. Variable area fuel cell cooling

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kothmann, Richard E. (Churchill Borough, PA)

    1982-01-01

    A fuel cell arrangement having cooling fluid flow passages which vary in surface area from the inlet to the outlet of the passages. A smaller surface area is provided at the passage inlet, which increases toward the passage outlet, so as to provide more uniform cooling of the entire fuel cell. The cooling passages can also be spaced from one another in an uneven fashion.

  13. Multi-area network analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Liang

    2005-02-17

    -1 MULTI-AREA NETWORK ANALYSIS A Dissertation by LIANG ZHAO Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY... December 2004 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering MULTI-AREA NETWORK ANALYSIS A Dissertation by LIANG ZHAO Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR...

  14. Large-area submicron replica molding of porous low-k dielectric films and application to photonic crystal biosensor fabrication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cunningham, Brian

    Large-area submicron replica molding of porous low-k dielectric films and application to photonic Abstract We demonstrate a replica-molding method for submicron patterning of a low-index sol­gel nanoporous biosensors. Scanning electron micrographs show the sol­gel exhibited minimal shrinkage and good substrate

  15. A development and application of concepts relevant to the unification of the theories of land use, value, and market area 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hale, Carl Wilton

    1961-01-01

    that Departxnent of Coxnmerce figures indicate the class of stores which have been congestion-bound in the center of the city have lost sales x elative to other types of stores. Parking indexe (1000' rentable store area) for a typical parking spaces early...

  16. Research Areas | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Stewardship Science Academic Alliances Research Areas Research Areas Properties of Materials under Extreme Conditions and Hydrodynamics During open solicitations research...

  17. Fabrication process for a gradient index x-ray lens

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bionta, Richard M. (Livermore, CA); Makowiecki, Daniel M. (Livermore, CA); Skulina, Kenneth M. (Livermore, CA)

    1995-01-01

    A process for fabricating high efficiency x-ray lenses that operate in the 0.5-4.0 keV region suitable for use in biological imaging, surface science, and x-ray lithography of integrated circuits. The gradient index x-ray optics fabrication process broadly involves co-sputtering multi-layers of film on a wire, followed by slicing and mounting on block, and then ion beam thinning to a thickness determined by periodic testing for efficiency. The process enables the fabrication of transmissive gradient index x-ray optics for the 0.5-4.0 keV energy range. This process allows the fabrication of optical elements for the next generation of imaging and x-ray lithography instruments m the soft x-ray region.

  18. The whistler mode refractive index as a function of gyrofrequency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Albert, J. M.

    2011-08-15

    The refractive index for a constant-frequency whistler mode wave in an electron-proton plasma is considered as a function of position, through the local gyrofrequencies {Omega}{sub e,i}. The full cold plasma dispersion relation is used. The wave frequency can take any value up to the smaller of {Omega}{sub e} and the plasma frequency {omega}{sub pe}, but {omega}{sub pe} is allowed to take any fixed value, as is the wavenormal angle. It is rigorously established that the refractive index is a decreasing function of {Omega}{sub e}. One application of this is to finding locations of Landau and cyclotron resonances, to evaluate the effects of whistler mode waves on radiation belt electrons.

  19. Fabrication process for a gradient index x-ray lens

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bionta, R.M.; Makowiecki, D.M.; Skulina, K.M.

    1995-01-17

    A process is disclosed for fabricating high efficiency x-ray lenses that operate in the 0.5-4.0 keV region suitable for use in biological imaging, surface science, and x-ray lithography of integrated circuits. The gradient index x-ray optics fabrication process broadly involves co-sputtering multi-layers of film on a wire, followed by slicing and mounting on block, and then ion beam thinning to a thickness determined by periodic testing for efficiency. The process enables the fabrication of transmissive gradient index x-ray optics for the 0.5-4.0 keV energy range. This process allows the fabrication of optical elements for the next generation of imaging and x-ray lithography instruments in the soft x-ray region. 13 figures.

  20. Scattering amplitudes for multi-indexed extensions of solvable potentials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ho, C.-L. [Department of Physics, Tamkang University, Tamsui 251, Taiwan, ROC (China); Lee, J.-C., E-mail: jcclee@cc.nctu.edu.tw [Department of Electrophysics, National Chiao-Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan, ROC (China); Sasaki, R. [Center for Theoretical Sciences, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC (China); Department of Physics, Shinshu University, Matsumoto 390-8621 (Japan)

    2014-04-15

    New solvable one-dimensional quantum mechanical scattering problems are presented. They are obtained from known solvable potentials by multiple Darboux transformations in terms of virtual and pseudo virtual wavefunctions. The same method applied to confining potentials, e.g.  Pöschl–Teller and the radial oscillator potentials, has generated the multi-indexed Jacobi and Laguerre polynomials. Simple multi-indexed formulas are derived for the transmission and reflection amplitudes of several solvable potentials. -- Highlights: •Scattering amplitudes calculated for infinitely many new solvable potentials. •New scattering potentials obtained by deforming six known solvable potentials. •Multiple Darboux transformations in terms of (pseudo) virtual states employed. •Scattering amplitudes checked to obey the shape invariance relation. •Errors in scattering amplitudes of some undeformed potentials in the literature corrected.

  1. RESIDUA UPGRADING EFFICIENCY IMPROVEMENT MODELS: WRI COKING INDEXES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John F. Schabron; Joseph F. Rovani, Jr.; Francis P. Miknis; Thomas F. Turner

    2003-06-01

    Pyrolysis experiments were conducted with three residua at 400 C (752 F) at various residence times. The wt % coke and gaseous products were measured for the product oils. The Western Research Institute (WRI) Coking Indexes were determined for the product oils. Measurements were made using techniques that might correlate with the Coking Indexes. These included spin-echo proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, heat capacity measurements at 280 C (536 F), and ultrasonic attenuation. The two immiscible liquid phases that form once coke formation begins were isolated and characterized for a Boscan residuum pyrolyzed at 400 C (752 F) for 55 minutes. These materials were analyzed for elemental composition (CHNS), porphyrins, and metals (Ni,V) content.

  2. A RICH with aerogel: a study of refractive index uniformity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alemi, M; Calvi, M; Matteuzzi, C; Musy, M; Perego, D L; Easo, S

    2004-01-01

    The use of aerogel as a radiator in the RICH detectors of LHCb is a challenge due to the hot environment of the hadron collider LHC. Large size tiles of silica aerogel were recently produced with unprecedented optical quality for such dimensions. Results of laboratory measurements and beam tests are briefly reported. A description of a method to measure the uniformity of the index of refraction within the tile is given.

  3. Asset Utilization Index (AUI) Guidance | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram:Y-12Power, Inc | DepartmentPeer Review |Asset Utilization Index (AUI)

  4. Transient productivity index for numerical well test simulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blanc, G.; Ding, D.Y.; Ene, A.

    1997-08-01

    The most difficult aspect of numerical simulation of well tests is the treatment of the Bottom Hole Flowing (BHF) Pressure. In full field simulations, this pressure is derived from the Well-block Pressure (WBP) using a numerical productivity index which accounts for the grid size and permeability, and for the well completion. This productivity index is calculated assuming a pseudo-steady state flow regime in the vicinity of the well and is therefore constant during the well production period. Such a pseudo-steady state assumption is no longer valid for the early time of a well test simulation as long as the pressure perturbation has not reached several grid-blocks around the well. This paper offers two different solutions to this problem: (1) The first one is based on the derivation of a Numerical Transient Productivity Index (NTPI) to be applied to Cartesian grids; (2) The second one is based on the use of a Corrected Transmissibility and Accumulation Term (CTAT) in the flow equation. The representation of the pressure behavior given by both solutions is far more accurate than the conventional one as shown by several validation examples which are presented in the following pages.

  5. Cosmic variance of the spectral index from mode coupling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bramante, Joseph; Kumar, Jason [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2505 Correa Rd., Honolulu HI (United States); Nelson, Elliot; Shandera, Sarah, E-mail: bramante@hawaii.edu, E-mail: jkumar@hawaii.edu, E-mail: eln121@psu.edu, E-mail: shandera@gravity.psu.edu [Institute for Gravitation and the Cosmos, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States)

    2013-11-01

    We demonstrate that local, scale-dependent non-Gaussianity can generate cosmic variance uncertainty in the observed spectral index of primordial curvature perturbations. In a universe much larger than our current Hubble volume, locally unobservable long wavelength modes can induce a scale-dependence in the power spectrum of typical subvolumes, so that the observed spectral index varies at a cosmologically significant level (|?n{sub s}| ? O(0.04)). Similarly, we show that the observed bispectrum can have an induced scale dependence that varies about the global shape. If tensor modes are coupled to long wavelength modes of a second field, the locally observed tensor power and spectral index can also vary. All of these effects, which can be introduced in models where the observed non-Gaussianity is consistent with bounds from the Planck satellite, loosen the constraints that observations place on the parameters of theories of inflation with mode coupling. We suggest observational constraints that future measurements could aim for to close this window of cosmic variance uncertainty.

  6. Various forms of indexing HDMR for modelling multivariate classification problems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aksu, Ça?r?; Tunga, M. Alper

    2014-12-10

    The Indexing HDMR method was recently developed for modelling multivariate interpolation problems. The method uses the Plain HDMR philosophy in partitioning the given multivariate data set into less variate data sets and then constructing an analytical structure through these partitioned data sets to represent the given multidimensional problem. Indexing HDMR makes HDMR be applicable to classification problems having real world data. Mostly, we do not know all possible class values in the domain of the given problem, that is, we have a non-orthogonal data structure. However, Plain HDMR needs an orthogonal data structure in the given problem to be modelled. In this sense, the main idea of this work is to offer various forms of Indexing HDMR to successfully model these real life classification problems. To test these different forms, several well-known multivariate classification problems given in UCI Machine Learning Repository were used and it was observed that the accuracy results lie between 80% and 95% which are very satisfactory.

  7. Braking index of isolated pulsars: open questions and ways forward

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamil, Oliver

    2015-01-01

    Isolated pulsars are rotating neutron stars with accurately measured angular velocities $\\Omega$, and their time derivatives which show unambiguously that the pulsars are slowing down. Although the exact mechanism of the spin-down is a question of debate, the commonly accepted view is that it arises either through emission of magnetic dipole radiation (MDR) from a rotating magnetized body, through emission of a relativistic particle wind, or via higher order magnetic multipole or gravitational quadrupole radiation. The calculated energy loss by a rotating pulsar is model dependent and leads to the power law $\\dot{\\Omega}$ = -K $\\Omega^{\\rm n}$ where $n$ is called the braking index. The theoretical value for braking index is $n = 1, 3, 5$ for wind, MDR, quadrupole radiation respectively. The accepted view is that pulsar braking is strongly dominated by MDR. Highly precise observations of isolated pulsars yield braking index values in the range $1 < n < 2.8$ which are consistently less than the value pred...

  8. Information Cost Tradeoffs for Augmented Index and Streaming Language Recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chakrabarti, Amit; Kondapally, Ranganath; McGregor, Andrew

    2010-01-01

    This paper makes three main contributions to the theory of communication complexity and stream computation. First, we present new bounds on the information complexity of AUGMENTED-INDEX. In contrast to analogous results for INDEX by Jain, Radhakrishnan and Sen [J. ACM, 2009], we have to overcome the significant technical challenge that protocols for AUGMENTED-INDEX may violate the "rectangle property" due to the inherent input sharing. Second, we use these bounds to resolve an open problem of Magniez, Mathieu and Nayak [STOC, 2010] that asked about the multi-pass complexity of recognizing Dyck languages. This results in a natural separation between the standard multi-pass model and the multi-pass model that permits reverse passes. Third, we present the first passive memory checkers that verify the interaction transcripts of priority queues, stacks, and double-ended queues. We obtain tight upper and lower bounds for these problems, thereby addressing an important sub-class of the memory checking framework of B...

  9. Spatiotemporal Analysis of Meteorological Drought Variability in the Indian Region Using Standardized Precipitation Index

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, M Naresh; Sai, M V R Sesha; Roy, P S

    2015-01-01

    Grid (1{\\deg} latitude x 1{\\deg} longitude) level daily rainfall data over India from June to September for the years 1951 to 2007, generated by India Meteorological Department, was analyzed to build monthly time series of Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI). Analysis of SPI was done to study the spatial and temporal patterns of drought occurrence in the country. Geographic spread of SPI derived Area under Dryness (AUD) in different years revealed the uniqueness of 2002 drought with wide spread dryness in July. Mann-Kendal trend analysis and moving average based trends performed on AUD indicated increasing trend in July. The area under moderate drought frequency has increased in the most recent decade. Ranking of years based on Drought Persistency Score (DPS) indicated that the year 1987 was the severe-most drought year in the country. The results of the study have revealed various aspects of drought climatology in India. A similar analysis with the SPI of finer spatial resolution and relating it to crop p...

  10. DIRAC-HARMONIC MAPS FROM INDEX THEORY BERND AMMANN AND NICOLAS GINOUX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ammann, Bernd

    DIRAC-HARMONIC MAPS FROM INDEX THEORY BERND AMMANN AND NICOLAS GINOUX Abstract. We prove existence results for Dirac-harmonic maps using index theoretical tools is a harmonic map. Contents 1. Introduction

  11. Revisiting the Past and Settling the Score: Index Revision for House Price Derivatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clapham, Eric; Englund, Peter; Quigley, John M.; Redfearn, Christian L.

    2007-01-01

    Method for Real Estate Price Index Construction. Journal ofRevision Bias in Repeat Sale Home Price Indices. UnpublishedCalhoun, C.A. 1996. OFHEO House Price Indexes: HPI Technical

  12. Using NASA-Task Load Index to Assess Drivers' Workload on Freeway Guide Sign Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Using NASA-Task Load Index to Assess Drivers' Workload on Freeway Guide Sign Structures Fengxiang are carefully analyzed using the NASA-Task Load Index. With the statistical analyses of questionnaires

  13. From Classification to Indexing: How Automation Transforms the Way we Think

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanson, F. Allan

    2004-01-01

    that are currently in widespread use at a loss to deal effectively with classification. Indexing conveys nothing about relationships; it pinpoints information on particular topics without reference to anything else. Keyword searching is a form of indexing, and here...

  14. The Index as a First-Class Construct in Relational Database Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, D. Stott

    -Class Index Over the history of the relational database, the index has been a second-class construct: database of Object-Relational DBMS, Extensible DBMS, and Com- ponent DBMS has been the need for better treatment

  15. The Index as a FirstClass Construct in Relational Database Systems \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, D. Stott

    importance. 1 Introduction: the Second­Class Index Over the history of the relational database, the index has behind the development of Object­Relational DBMS, Extensible DBMS, and Com­ ponent DBMS has been the need

  16. Rationale and Development of a Security Assurance Index with Application toward the Development of a World Risk Index

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M. M. Plum; G. A. Beitel, PhD

    2006-06-01

    Assurance categories were previously developed to support the Department of Homeland Security’s efforts in the mitigation of Cyber Control System events. Defined according to the risk of life and economic loss, the minimum range is designated by policy, whereas the maximum limit seems to be constrained only by limits and interdependencies of the event. Use of this life / assets scale has proven to be helpful in managing risk due to the scale's ease of use, communication, and understanding. Suggestions have been made that this scale could be applied to all events of terror, disaster, and calamity of an international scale, with equally good results. This paper presents the history of some existing scales of disaster and assurance, the rationale behind the development of the original Security Assurance Index, and our proposed scale of disaster and calamity as a World Risk Index.

  17. An index theorem for families of Dirac operators on odddimensional manifolds with boundary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melrose, Richard

    . The derivation of the index formula is effected by the combination of the superconnection formalism of Quillen

  18. H-Area Seepage Basins

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stejskal, G.

    1990-12-01

    During the third quarter of 1990 the wells which make up the H-Area Seepage Basins (H-HWMF) monitoring network were sampled. Laboratory analyses were performed to measure levels of hazardous constituents, indicator parameters, tritium, nonvolatile beta, and gross alpha. A Gas Chromatograph Mass Spectrometer (GCMS) scan was performed on all wells sampled to determine any hazardous organic constituents present in the groundwater. The primary contaminants observed at wells monitoring the H-Area Seepage Basins are tritium, nitrate, mercury, gross alpha, nonvolatile beta, trichloroethylene (TCE), tetrachloroethylene, lead, cadmium, arsenic, and total radium.

  19. Hop Doubling Label Indexing for Point-to-Point Distance Querying on Scale-Free Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Raymond Chi-Wing

    , 20, 30, 33, 34] can only handle relatively small graphs due to high index construction cost and large, in terms of both querying time and indexing costs. Our empirical study shows that our method can handle unweighted scale-free graph G = (V, E), construct a disk-based index for processing This work is licensed

  20. Unaligned Binary Codes for Index Compression in Schema-Independent Text Retrieval Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waterloo, University of

    during index construction. Schema- independent indices have different characteristics than document unaligned codes. Thus, their more compact index represen- tation does not carry the cost of a substantiallyUnaligned Binary Codes for Index Compression in Schema-Independent Text Retrieval Systems Stefan B

  1. LOCAL INDEX THEOREM FOR PROJECTIVE FAMILIES MOULAY-TAHAR BENAMEUR AND ALEXANDER GOROKHOVSKY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gorokhovsky, Alexander

    Abstract. We give a superconnection proof of the Mathai-Melrose-Singer index theorem for the family 18 4. Dirac operators and superconnections 20 4.1. Dirac operators 20 4.2. Superconnections and index05, 19K56. Key words and phrases. Key words: Gerbe, Twisted K-theory, Family index, Superconnection

  2. Keeping a Search Engine Index Fresh: Risk and optimality in estimating refresh rates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    and search engine indexes scale similarly, the cost of re-crawling every document all the time becomesKeeping a Search Engine Index Fresh: Risk and optimality in estimating refresh rates for web pages Search engines strive to maintain a "current" repository of all web pages on the internet to index

  3. An Efficient, Cost-Driven Index Selection Tool for Microsoft SQL Server Surajit Chaudhuri Vivek Narasayya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Jiaheng

    146 An Efficient, Cost-Driven Index Selection Tool for Microsoft SQL Server Surajit Chaudhuri Vivek chosen are effective in reducing the cost of the workload by keeping the index selection tool a large number of spurious indexes from consideration by taking into account both query syntax and cost

  4. Applied Probability Trust (4 February 2008) INDEX POLICIES FOR DISCOUNTED BANDIT PROBLEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powell, Warren B.

    . Then it is assumed that arms may break down, but repair is an option at some cost, and the new Whittle index policyApplied Probability Trust (4 February 2008) INDEX POLICIES FOR DISCOUNTED BANDIT PROBLEMS/action-dependent probabilities. It is proven that no index policy can attain the maximum expected total discounted reward

  5. Fast On-Line Index Construction by Geometric Partitioning Nicholas Lester

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zobel, Justin

    reduce the cost of on-line index construction. Categories and Subject Descriptors H.3.1 [InformationFast On-Line Index Construction by Geometric Partitioning Nicholas Lester RMIT University Melbourne Inverted index structures are the mainstay of modern text retrieval systems. They can be constructed

  6. An Analytical Study of Object Identifier Indexing Kjetil Nrvag and Kjell Bratbergsengen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    model for index page buffer performance. The cost gain from using the results in this report the average number of disk accesses needed to retrieve an index entry. This can reduce the cost of OID mapping index entries. This issue has not previously been studied in detail. The OIDX access cost is also

  7. Index Policies for a Multi-Class Queue with Convex Holding Cost and Abandonments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ayesta, Urtzi

    Index Policies for a Multi-Class Queue with Convex Holding Cost and Abandonments M. Larra~naga1-dimensional birth-and-death process. For linear hold- ing cost, the index can be calculated in closed-form and turns of no abandonments and lin- ear holding cost, our index coincides with the cµ-rule, which is known to be optimal

  8. Free-space microwave focusing by a negative-index gradient lens T. Driscolla

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nemat-Nasser, Sia

    Free-space microwave focusing by a negative-index gradient lens T. Driscolla and D. N. Basov gradient-index lens with an index of refraction ranging from -2.67 edge to -0.97 center . Experimentally technology which offers significant design, mechanical, and cost advantages over other microwave lens

  9. Asymptotically optimal index policies for an abandonment queue with convex holding cost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ayesta, Urtzi

    Asymptotically optimal index policies for an abandonment queue with convex holding cost M. Larra-dimensional birth-and-death process. For linear holding cost, the index can be calculated in closed-form and turns of no abandonments and linear holding cost, our index coincides with the cµ-rule, which is known to be optimal

  10. Indexing of Time Series by Major Minima and Maxima Eugene Fink

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fink, Eugene

    sets: stock prices, air and sea temperatures, and wind speeds. Keywords: Compression, indexing.ics.uci.edu). Wind speeds: We have used daily wind speeds at twelve sites in Ireland, from 1961 to 1978, ob- tained. Indexing: The indexing of a time-series database is based on the notion of major inclines, illustrated

  11. Indexing of Time Series by Major Minima and Maxima Eugene Fink

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fink, Eugene

    sets: stock prices, air and sea temperatures, and wind speeds. Keywords: Compression, indexing.ics.uci.edu). Wind speeds: We have used daily wind speeds at twelve sites in Ireland, from 1961 to 1978, ob­ tained. Indexing: The indexing of a time­series database is based on the notion of major inclines, illustrated

  12. Matrices as Babushka dolls: from the Conley index to symbolic dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yiling

    Matrices as Babushka dolls: from the Conley index to symbolic dynamics Rafael Frongillo University matricies This procession of "nested" matricies is a lot like... 2 #12;Babushka dolls: a (perhaps) useful analogy The dolls: 1. index map 2. index map with transient generators removed 3. induced symbol system

  13. A climate change index: Where climate change may be most prominent in the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischlin, Andreas

    A climate change index: Where climate change may be most prominent in the 21st century Miche`le B; accepted 30 November 2006; published 10 January 2007. [1] A Climate Change Index (CCI) is developed to a single index that is a measure for the strength of future climate change relative to today's natural

  14. DWEL: A DUAL-WAVELENGTH ECHIDNA LIDAR FOR GROUND-BASED FOREST SCANNING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is currently undergoing integration and testing for field deployment in July-August, 2012. Index Terms height, leaf area index, foliage profile, and above-ground biomass using the approach pioneered to estimate both green and woody biomass without allometric equations. II. RATIONALE FOR DUAL WAVELENGTH

  15. Acoustic Activity as a Low Cost and Scalable Index of Seabird Colony Size: An Example with Forster's Terns (S. fosterii)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borker, Abraham

    2012-01-01

    as a scalable, low-cost index of the relative abundance ofACTIVTITY AS A LOW COST AND SCALABLE INDEX OF SEABIRD COLONYACTIVTITY AS A LOW COST AND SCALABLE INDEX OF SEABIRD COLONY

  16. University of Virginia Housing Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Wei

    University of Virginia Housing Areas Copeley Hill Faulkner Copeley III & IV Piedmont Hereford Gardens Lile-Maupin House 2372 Tuttle - Dunnington House 2373 Shannon House 2374 Gibbons House 2375 IvyGardensWay Tree House Drive Grady Avenue University Court Farrish Circle W estview Road Engineer'sWay Gildersleve

  17. 200 area TEDF sample schedule

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, M.J.

    1995-03-22

    This document summarizes the sampling criteria associated with the 200 Area Treatment Effluent Facility (TEDF) that are needed to comply with the requirements of the Washington State Discharge Permit No. WA ST 4502 and good engineering practices at the generator streams that feed into TEDF. In addition, this document Identifies the responsible parties for both sampling and data transference.

  18. Mathematikdidaktik an der LMU Mnchen/Mathematics Education University of Munich https://www.mathematik.uni-muenchen.de/~didaktik/index.php?data=blog/index&date~=2008-11[11/25/2008 12:07:18 PM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sriraman, Bharath

    .mathematik.uni-muenchen.de/~didaktik/index.php?data=blog/index&date~=2008-11[11/25/2008 12:07:18 PM] START

  19. EA-1177: Salvage/Demolition of 200 West Area, 200 East Area, and 300 Area Steam Plants, Richland, Washington

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EA evaluates the environmental impacts for the proposal to salvage and demolish the 200 West Area, 200 East Area, and 300 Area steam plants and their associated steam distribution piping...

  20. Rapid Measurement of Neutron Dose Rate for Transport Index

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morris, R.L.

    2000-02-27

    A newly available neutron dose equivalent remmeter with improved sensitivity and energy response has been put into service at Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS). This instrument is being used to expedite measurement of the Transport Index and as an ALARA tool to identify locations where slightly elevated neutron dose equivalent rates exist. The meter is capable of measuring dose rates as low as 0.2 {mu}Sv per hour (20 {mu}rem per hour). Tests of the angular response and energy response of the instrument are reported. Calculations of the theoretical instrument response made using MCNP{trademark} are reported for materials typical of those being shipped.

  1. DOE technical standards list: Department of Energy standards index

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-06-01

    This technical standards list (TSL) was prepared for use by personnel involved in the selection and use of US DOE technical standards and other government and non-government standards. This TSL provides listings of current DOE technical standards, non-government standards that have been adopted by DOE, other government documents in which DOE has a recorded interest, and cancelled DOE technical standards. Standards are indexed by type in the appendices to this document. Definitions of and general guidance for the use of standards are also provided.

  2. MCMC methods for wavelet representations in single index models 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Chun Gun

    2004-09-30

    the function: one in which all wavelet coef cients are used in the series, and another that allows for shrinkage rules. We propose posterior inference for the two wavelet representations of the function. To implement posterior inference, we de ne a hierarchial... resolution level. In wavelet shrinkage rules we use ?pseudo-priors? for a zero coef cient. In single index models a direction b affects estimates of the function. Transforming b to a spherical polar coordinate q is a convenient way of imposing the constraint...

  3. Auto Indexer for Percussive Hammers | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based Fuels Research atDepartmentAudits and6Auidt Report:(AO)Auto Indexer for

  4. Variable area light reflecting assembly

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Howard, T.C.

    1986-12-23

    Device is described for tracking daylight and projecting it into a building. The device tracks the sun and automatically adjusts both the orientation and area of the reflecting surface. The device may be mounted in either a wall or roof of a building. Additionally, multiple devices may be employed in a light shaft in a building, providing daylight to several different floors. The preferred embodiment employs a thin reflective film as the reflecting device. One edge of the reflective film is fixed, and the opposite end is attached to a spring-loaded take-up roller. As the sun moves across the sky, the take-up roller automatically adjusts the angle and surface area of the film. Additionally, louvers may be mounted at the light entrance to the device to reflect incoming daylight in an angle perpendicular to the device to provide maximum reflective capability when daylight enters the device at non-perpendicular angles. 9 figs.

  5. Variable area light reflecting assembly

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Howard, Thomas C. (Raleigh, NC)

    1986-01-01

    Device for tracking daylight and projecting it into a building. The device tracks the sun and automatically adjusts both the orientation and area of the reflecting surface. The device may be mounted in either a wall or roof of a building. Additionally, multiple devices may be employed in a light shaft in a building, providing daylight to several different floors. The preferred embodiment employs a thin reflective film as the reflecting device. One edge of the reflective film is fixed, and the opposite end is attached to a spring-loaded take-up roller. As the sun moves across the sky, the take-up roller automatically adjusts the angle and surface area of the film. Additionally, louvers may be mounted at the light entrance to the device to reflect incoming daylight in an angle perpendicular to the device to provide maximum reflective capability when daylight enters the device at non-perpendicular angles.

  6. Interactive effects of UV radiation and soil coverage on leaf litter decomposition in velvet mesquite (Prosopis velutina) Michele L. Abbene1, Paul W. Barnes1, Heather L. Throop2; and Steven R. Archer3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Archer, Steven R.

    by both soil deposition and solar UV radiation, but how these factors interact to drive decomposition hasInteractive effects of UV radiation and soil coverage on leaf litter decomposition in velvet.12) effect on mass loss in the heavy soil treatment. Leaf C loss data revealed similar UV and soil coverage

  7. Dark Matter Constraints from a Cosmic Index of Refraction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gardner, Susan; Latimer, David C.

    2009-04-01

    The dark-matter candidates of particle physics invariably possess electromagnetic interactions, if only via quantum fluctuations. Taken en masse, dark matter can thus engender an index of refraction which deviates from its vacuum value. Its presence is signaled through frequency-dependent effects: the real part yields dispersive effects in propagation, and the imaginary part yields such in attenuation. We discuss theoretical constraints on the expansion of the index of refraction with frequency, the physical interpretation of the terms, and the particular observations needed to isolate its coefficients. This, with the advent of new opportunities to view gamma-ray bursts at cosmological distance scales, gives us a new probe of dark matter. As a first application we use the time delay determined from radio afterglow observations of gamma-ray bursts to limit the charge-to-mass ratio of dark matter to |{var_epsilon}|/M < 1.8 x 10{sup -5} eV{sup -1} at 95% CL.

  8. Innovation investment area: Technology summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-03-01

    The mission of Environmental Management`s (EM) Office of Technology Development (OTD) Innovation Investment Area is to identify and provide development support for two types of technologies that are developed to characterize, treat and dispose of DOE waste, and to remediate contaminated sites. They are: technologies that show promise to address specific EM needs, but require proof-of-principle experimentation; and (2) already proven technologies in other fields that require critical path experimentation to demonstrate feasibility for adaptation to specific EM needs. The underlying strategy is to ensure that private industry, other Federal Agencies, universities, and DOE National Laboratories are major participants in developing and deploying new and emerging technologies. To this end, about 125 different new and emerging technologies are being developed through Innovation Investment Area`s (IIA) two program elements: RDDT&E New Initiatives (RD01) and Interagency Agreements (RD02). Both of these activities are intended to foster research and development partnerships so as to introduce innovative technologies into other OTD program elements for expedited evaluation.

  9. Estimating Temperature Distributions In Geothermal Areas Using...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Areas Using A Neuronet Approach Abstract A method is proposed for predicting the distribution of temperatures in geothermal areas using the neuronet approach and, in particular,...

  10. LED Outdoor Area Lighting Fact Sheet

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Outdoor Area Lighting LED technology is rapidly becoming competitive with high-intensity discharge light sources for outdoor area lighting. This document reviews the major design...

  11. Outdoor Area Lighting | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    for outdoor areas. Outdoor Area Lighting (June 2008) More Documents & Publications Philadelphia International Airport Apron Lighting: LED System Performance in a Trial...

  12. Cenozoic Planktonic Foraminiferal Zonation and Characteristics of Index Forms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stainforth, R. M.; Lamb, J. L.; Luterbacher, Hanspeter; Beard, J. H.; Jeffords, Russell M.

    1975-12-17

    currently for accurate correlation and age determination. This zonation, developed initially for tropical to subtropical areas, is recognized now also in temperate latitudes but not generally in sediments deposited from very cold water of Arctic...

  13. Carlsbad Area Office strategic plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-10-01

    This edition of the Carlsbad Area Office Strategic Plan captures the U.S. Department of Energy`s new focus, and supercedes the edition issued previously in 1995. This revision reflects a revised strategy designed to demonstrate compliance with environmental regulations earlier than the previous course of action; and a focus on the selected combination of scientific investigations, engineered alternatives, and waste acceptance criteria for supporting the compliance applications. An overview of operations and historical aspects of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant near Carlsbad, New Mexico is presented.

  14. Texas Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendo New Energy EquipmentSvendborgTecsisArea Jump to:

  15. Geothermal Areas | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special PagesGeotermica JumpAreas Jump

  16. Geothermal resource evaluation of the Yuma area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poluianov, E.W.; Mancini, F.P.

    1985-11-29

    This report presents an evaluation of the geothermal potential of the Yuma, Arizona area. A description of the study area and the Salton Trough area is followed by a geothermal analysis of the area, a discussion of the economics of geothermal exploration and exploitation, and recommendations for further testing. It was concluded economic considerations do not favor geothermal development at this time. (ACR)

  17. Simulating the growth response of aspen to elevated ozone: a mechanistic approach to scaling a leaf-level model of ozone effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simulating the growth response of aspen to elevated ozone: a mechanistic approach to scaling a leaf-level model of ozone effects on photosynthesis to a complex canopy architecture§ M.J. Martina, *, G.E. Hosta; accepted 17 July 2001 ``Capsule'': A process model is described that predicts the relative effects of ozone

  18. Spring leaf flush in aspen (Populus tremuloides) clones is altered by long-term growth at elevated carbon dioxide and elevated ozone concentration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    carbon dioxide and elevated ozone concentration Justin M. McGrath a , David F. Karnosky b , Elizabeth A. In this study, we investigated spring leaf flush and how long-term growth at elevated carbon dioxide growth and produc- tivity are increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration ([CO2]) and increasing

  19. Photosynthesis, carboxylation and leaf nitrogen responses of 16 species to elevated pCO2 across four free-air CO2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    Photosynthesis, carboxylation and leaf nitrogen responses of 16 species to elevated pCO2 across four free-air CO2 enrichment experiments in forest, grassland and desert D AV I D S . E L L S W O R T H species under long-term elevated CO2 exposure (elevated pCa) directly impacts ecosystem CO2 assimilation

  20. Quantum vacuum emission from a refractive index front

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxime Jacquet; Friedrich Koenig

    2015-04-28

    We consider a boundary separating two otherwise homogeneous regions of a dielectric, that is moving at approximately the group velocity of light. We investigate the emission of light from the quantum vacuum by this moving refractive index step in 1+1 dimensions for realistic dispersive media. We extend an analytical framework based on the Hopfield model [1] to calculate the emission from all modes at any frequency. We establish conditions for analogue event horizons and study the various mode configurations with and without horizons. We then present analytically calculated emission spectra in the moving and laboratory frame. We find that the emission spectrum is highly structured into intervals of emission with black hole-, white hole-, and no horizons. We also calculate the number of photons emitted as a function of the step height and find a power law of 2.5 for low step heights.

  1. Electrically tunable graded index planar lens based on graphene

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nasari, H. Abrishamian, M. S.

    2014-08-28

    The realization of electrically tunable beam focusing using a properly designed conductivity pattern along a strip on a background single graphene flake with operation in the terahertz regime is proposed and numerically investigated. The strip is illuminated with a guided surface plasmon polaritons (SPP) plane wave and the physical origin of the design procedure is evaluated from the phase of effective mode index of propagating SPP wave on graphene. Upon tuning a gate voltage between the graphene sheet and the substrate, the focus tuning is achieved. Finite- difference time-domain numerical technique is employed to explore the propagation characteristic of SPP wave and the performance parameters of the lens include the focal length, full-width half-maximum, and focusing efficiency. Such a one atom thick planar lens with the capability of electrical focus tuning besides the compatibility with current planar optoelectronic systems can find valuable potential applications in the field of transformational plasmon optics.

  2. Developing an operational capabilities index of the emergency services sector.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Collins, M.J.; Eaton, L.K.; Shoemaker, Z.M.; Fisher, R.E.; Veselka, S.N.; Wallace, K.E.; Petit, F.D. (Decision and Information Sciences)

    2012-02-20

    In order to enhance the resilience of the Nation and its ability to protect itself in the face of natural and human-caused hazards, the ability of the critical infrastructure (CI) system to withstand specific threats and return to normal operations after degradation must be determined. To fully analyze the resilience of a region and the CI that resides within it, both the actual resilience of the individual CI and the capability of the Emergency Services Sector (ESS) to protect against and respond to potential hazards need to be considered. Thus, a regional resilience approach requires the comprehensive consideration of all parts of the CI system as well as the characterization of emergency services. This characterization must generate reproducible results that can support decision making with regard to risk management, disaster response, business continuity, and community planning and management. To address these issues, Argonne National Laboratory, in collaboration with the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Sector Specific Agency - Executive Management Office, developed a comprehensive methodology to create an Emergency Services Sector Capabilities Index (ESSCI). The ESSCI is a performance metric that ranges from 0 (low level of capabilities) to 100 (high). Because an emergency services program has a high ESSCI, however, does not mean that a specific event would not be able to affect a region or cause severe consequences. And because a program has a low ESSCI does not mean that a disruptive event would automatically lead to serious consequences in a region. Moreover, a score of 100 on the ESSCI is not the level of capability expected of emergency services programs; rather, it represents an optimal program that would rarely be observed. The ESSCI characterizes the state of preparedness of a jurisdiction in terms of emergency and risk management. Perhaps the index's primary benefit is that it can systematically capture, at a given point in time, the capabilities of a jurisdiction to protect itself from, mitigate, respond to, and recover from a potential incident. On the basis of this metric, an interactive tool - the ESSCI Dashboard - can identify scenarios for enhancement that can be implemented, and it can identify the repercussions of these scenarios on the jurisdiction. It can assess the capabilities of law enforcement, fire fighting, search and rescue, emergency medical services, hazardous materials response, dispatch/911, and emergency management services in a given jurisdiction and it can help guide those who need to prioritize what limited resources should be used to improve these capabilities. Furthermore, this tool can be used to compare the level of capabilities of various jurisdictions that have similar socioeconomic characteristics. It can thus help DHS define how it can support risk reduction and community preparedness at a national level. This tool aligns directly with Presidential Policy Directive 8 by giving a jurisdiction a metric of its ESS's capabilities and by promoting an interactive approach for defining options to improve preparedness and to effectively respond to a disruptive event. It can be used in combination with other CI performance metrics developed at Argonne National Laboratory, such as the vulnerability index and the resilience index for assessing regional resilience.

  3. Development of an environmental relative moldiness index for US homes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vesper, Sephen J.; McKinstry, Craig A.; Haugland, Richard A.; Wymer, Larry; Bradham, Karen; Ashley, Peter; Cox, David J.; DeWalt, Gary; Friedman, Warren

    2007-08-01

    As part of the HUD American Healthy Survey, dust samples were collected by vacuuming 2 m2 in the bedroom plus 2 m2 in the living room of a nationally representative 1096 homes in the USA using the Mitest™ sampler. Five mg of sieved (300 µ pore, nylon mesh) dust was analyzed by mold specific quantitative PCR for the 36 EPA Mold Panel Species. On this basis, an “environmental relative moldiness index” (ERMI) was created with values ranging from about -10 to 20 (lowest to highest). In order to try to reduce the cost of this analysis, the number of test species was reduced by selecting only those species with a national average concentration of 30 cell equivalents (CE) per mg dust or greater. Only 19 of 36 species met this criterion. (In 40% of the homes, an additional 46 species were quantified from the same dust sample. All of these species had average concentrations less than 30 CE per mg dust.) These 19 species were then categorized into two groups based on their coefficient of variation (CV). If the CV was > 9, the mold was placed in Category 1 (10/19) and the other molds were placed in Category 2 (9/19). Using these Categories, the sum of the log-transformed concentrations of three Category 2 molds (C. herbarum, A. alternata and C. cladosporioides Type 1) was subtracted from the sum of the log-transformed concentrations of the ten Category 1 molds (Aspergillus niger, A. ochraceus, A. penicillioides, A. restrictus, A. sydowii, Chaetomium globosum, Eurotium amsteldoami, Paecilomyces variotii, Penicillium chrysogenum and Wallemia sebi). Assembling these values for the 1096 AHHS homes from lowest to highest produced the “American relative moldiness index” (ARMI). The correlation between the ERMI and ARMI values was 0.88. The ERMI or ARMI scales may be useful as a standard for mold exposure estimates in epidemiological studies.

  4. 300 Area signal cable study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whattam, J.W.

    1994-09-15

    This report was prepared to discuss the alternatives available for removing the 300 Area overhead signal cable system. This system, installed in 1969, has been used for various monitoring and communication signaling needs throughout the 300 Area. Over the years this cabling system has deteriorated, has been continually reconfigured, and has been poorly documented to the point of nonreliability. The first step was to look at the systems utilizing the overhead signal cable that are still required for operation. Of the ten systems that once operated via the signal cable, only five are still required; the civil defense evacuation alarms, the public address (PA) system, the criticality alarms, the Pacific Northwest Laboratory Facilities Management Control System (FMCS), and the 384 annunciator panel. Of these five, the criticality alarms and the FMCS have been dealt with under other proposals. Therefore, this study focused on the alternatives available for the remaining three systems (evacuation alarms, PA system, and 384 panel) plus the accountability aid phones. Once the systems to be discussed were determined, then three alternatives for providing the signaling pathway were examined for each system: (1) re-wire using underground communication ducts, (2) use the Integrated Voice/Data Telecommunications System (IVDTS) already installed and operated by US West, and (3) use radio control. Each alternative was developed with an estimated cost, advantages, and disadvantages. Finally, a recommendation was provided for the best alternative for each system.

  5. Effect of moisture on leaf litter decomposition and its contribution to soil respiration in a temperate forest

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cisneros-Dozal, Luz Maria; Trumbore, Susan E.; Hanson, Paul J

    2007-01-01

    The degree to which increased soil respiration rates following wetting is caused by plant (autotrophic) versus microbial (heterotrophic) processes, is still largely uninvestigated. Incubation studies suggest microbial processes play a role but it remains unclear whether there is a stimulation of the microbial population as a whole or an increase in the importance of specific substrates that become available with wetting of the soil. We took advantage of an ongoing manipulation of leaf litter 14C contents at the Oak Ridge Reservation, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, to (1) determine the degree to which an increase in soil respiration rates that accompanied wetting of litter and soil, following a short period of drought, could be explained by heterotrophic contributions; and (2) investigate the potential causes of increased heterotrophic respiration in incubated litter and 0-5 cm mineral soil. The contribution of leaf litter decomposition increased from 6 3 mg C m 2 hr 1 during a transient drought, to 63 18 mg C m 2 hr 1 immediately after water addition, corresponding to an increase in the contribution to soil respiration from 5 2% to 37 8%. The increased relative contribution was sufficient to explain all of the observed increase in soil respiration for this one wetting event in the late growing season. Temperature (13 C versus 25 C) and moisture (dry versus field capacity) conditions did not change the relative contributions of different decomposition substrates in incubations, suggesting that more slowly cycling C has at least the same sensitivity to decomposition as faster cycling organic C at the temperature and moisture conditions studied.

  6. Body Mass Index, Neighborhood Fast Food and Restaurant Concentration, and Car Ownership

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Inagami, Sanae; Cohen, Deborah A.; Brown, Arleen F.; Asch, Steven M.

    2009-01-01

    Restaurant Concentration, and Car Ownership Sanae Inagami,body mass index and whether car ownership might moderateRESTAURANT CONCENTRATION, AND CAR OWNERSHIP Quiznos, Little

  7. Active metamaterials: sign of refraction index and gain-assisted dispersion management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander A. Govyadinov; Mikhail A. Noginov; Viktor A. Podolskiy

    2007-04-27

    We derive an approach to define the causal direction of the wavevector of modes in optical metamaterials, which in turn, determines signs of refractive index and impedance as a function of {\\it real and imaginary} parts of dielectric permittivity and magnetic permeability. We use the developed technique to demonstrate that the interplay between resonant response of constituents of metamaterials can be used to achieve efficient dispersion management. Finally we demonstrate broadband dispersion-less index and impedance matching in active nanowire-based negative index materials. Our work opens new practical applications of negative index composites for broadband lensing, imaging, and pulse-routing.

  8. Scripps Institution of Oceanography Contributions Index Vols. 1-39, 1938-1969

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anonymous,

    1970-01-01

    SCRIPPS INSTITUTION OF OCEANOGRAPHY CONTRIBUTIONS IndexMaurice. Blackburn, Maurice. Oceanography and the ecology ofPhleger) Sedimentology and oceanography of coastal lagoons

  9. Development of a multiple metric index for macroinvertebrates collected from lower Missouri River floodplain wetlands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koontz, Jason Alexander

    2010-07-26

    of a priori Stressor Groups ................................................................................. 27 2.8 Metric Response ................................................................................................................... 28... 2.8 Metric Redundancy............................................................................................................... 28 2.9 Scoring Individual Metrics and Final Index...

  10. Cataloging Compared to Descriptive Bibliography, Abstracting and Indexing Services and Metadata

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yee, Martha M

    2007-01-01

    indexing services do use a thesaurus since the emphasis isauthors and works. However, the thesaurus usually bears norelationship to any other thesaurus or subject heading list;

  11. EinS: a Mathematica package for computations with indexed objects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sergei A. Klioner

    2000-11-03

    This preprint contains a description of a package for Mathematica called EinS. This package allows one to perform various calculations with indexed objects.

  12. An Index to LATR 11/1 (Fall 1977) to 15/2 (Spring 1982)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Larson, Catherine

    1982-04-01

    SPRING 1982 97 An Index toLATR, 11/1 (Fall 1977) to 15/2 (Spring 1982) Catherine Larson The following index was compiled to facilitate access to LA TR published during the past five years. I have based the format of this index on the index..., Andrea G. "Age, Alienation and the Artist in Usigli's Los viejos," 14/2 (Spring 1981), 41-47. MEX . "Something Old, Something New: El Gigante Amapolas," 15/2 (Spring 1982), 1-11 ARG . "Time, Space and the Refracted Self in Gorostiza's El nuevo pa...

  13. Long period grating refractive-index sensor: optimal design for single wavelength interrogation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kapoor, Amita; Sharma, Enakshi K.

    2009-11-01

    We report the design criteria for the use of long period gratings (LPGs) as refractive-index sensors with output power at a single interrogating wavelength as the measurement parameter. The design gives maximum sensitivity in a given refractive-index range when the interrogating wavelength is fixed. Use of the design criteria is illustrated by the design of refractive-index sensors for specific application to refractive-index variation of a sugar solution with a concentration and detection of mole fraction of xylene in heptane (paraffin).

  14. Sealed head access area enclosure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Golden, Martin P. (Trafford, PA); Govi, Aldo R. (Greensburg, PA)

    1978-01-01

    A liquid-metal-cooled fast breeder power reactor is provided with a sealed head access area enclosure disposed above the reactor vessel head consisting of a plurality of prefabricated structural panels including a center panel removably sealed into position with inflatable seals, and outer panels sealed into position with semipermanent sealant joints. The sealant joints are located in the joint between the edge of the panels and the reactor containment structure and include from bottom to top an inverted U-shaped strip, a lower layer of a room temperature vulcanizing material, a separator strip defining a test space therewithin, and an upper layer of a room temperature vulcanizing material. The test space is tapped by a normally plugged passage extending to the top of the enclosure for testing the seal or introducing a buffer gas thereinto.

  15. Large Area Vacuum Deposited Coatings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martin, Peter M.

    2003-04-30

    It's easy to make the myriad of types of large area and decorative coatings for granted. We probably don't even think about most of them; the low-e and heat mirror coatings on our windows and car windows, the mirrors in displays, antireflection coatings on windows and displays, protective coatings on aircraft windows, heater coatings on windshields and aircraft windows, solar reflectors, thin film solar cells, telescope mirrors, Hubble mirrors, transparent conductive coatings, and the list goes on. All these products require large deposition systems and chambers. Also, don't forget that large batches of small substrates or parts are coated in large chambers. In order to be cost effective hundreds of ophthalmic lenses, automobile reflectors, display screens, lamp reflectors, cell phone windows, laser reflectors, DWDM filters, are coated in batches.

  16. IEEE JOURNAL ON SELECTED AREAS IN COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 31, NO. 7, JULY 2013 1 Demand Response Management via Real-time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianwei

    IEEE JOURNAL ON SELECTED AREAS IN COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 31, NO. 7, JULY 2013 1 Demand Response through demand response management in smart grid systems. The proposed scheme solves a two. Index Terms--Real-time pricing, Demand response manage- ment, Payoff maximization, Profit maximization

  17. On the Witten index in terms of spectral shift functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alan Carey; Fritz Gesztesy; Denis Potapov; Fedor Sukochev; Yuri Tomilov

    2014-09-11

    We study the model operator $\\mathbf{D}_{\\mathbf{A}} = (d/dt) + \\mathbf{A}$ in $L^2(\\mathbb{R};\\mathcal{H})$ associated with the operator path $\\{A(t)\\}_{t=-\\infty}^{\\infty}$, where $(\\mathbf{A} f)(t) = A(t) f(t)$ for a.e.\\ $t\\in\\mathbb{R}$, and appropriate $f \\in L^2(\\mathbb{R};\\mathcal{H})$ (with $\\mathcal{H}$ a separable, complex Hilbert space). Denoting by $A_{\\pm}$ the norm resolvent limits of $A(t)$ as $t \\to \\pm \\infty$, our setup permits $A(t)$ in $\\mathcal{H}$ to be an unbounded, relatively trace class perturbation of the unbounded self-adjoint operator $A_-$, and no discrete spectrum assumptions are made on $A_{\\pm}$. We introduce resolvent and semigroup regularized Witten indices of $\\mathbf{D}_{\\mathbf{A}}$, denoted by $W_r$ and $W_s$, and prove that these regularized indices coincide with the Fredholm index of $\\mathbf{D}_{\\mathbf{A}}$ whenever the latter is Fredholm. In situations where $\\mathbf{D}_{\\mathbf{A}}$ ceases to be a Fredholm operator in $L^2(\\mathbb{R};\\mathcal{H})$ we compute its resolvent (resp., semigroup) regularized Witten index in terms of the spectral shift function $\\xi(\\,\\cdot\\,;A_+,A_-)$ associated with the pair $(A_+, A_-)$ as follows: Assuming $0$ to be a right and a left Lebesgue point of $\\xi(\\,\\cdot\\,\\, ; A_+, A_-)$, denoted by $\\xi_L(0_+; A_+,A_-)$ and $\\xi_L(0_-; A_+, A_-)$, we prove that $0$ is also a right Lebesgue point of $\\xi(\\,\\cdot\\,\\, ; \\mathbf{H_2}, \\mathbf{H_1})$, denoted by $\\xi_L(0_+; \\mathbf{H_2}, \\mathbf{H_1})$, and that \\begin{align*} W_r(\\mathbf{D}_{\\mathbf{A}}) &= W_s(\\mathbf{D}_{\\mathbf{A}}) \\\\ & = \\xi_L(0_+; \\mathbf{H_2}, \\mathbf{H_1}) \\\\ & = [\\xi_L(0_+; A_+,A_-) + \\xi_L(0_-; A_+, A_-)]/2, \\end{align*} the principal result of this paper. In the special case where $\\dim(\\mathcal{H}) < \\infty$, we prove that the Witten indices of $\\mathbf{D}_{\\mathbf{A}}$ are either integer, or half-integer-valued.

  18. Game Preserves and Closed Areas (Montana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Game preserves and closed areas exist within the state of Montana for the protection of all the game animals and birds. Construction and development is limited in these areas. Currently, only three...

  19. MARINE PROTECTED AREAS Fisheries Science and Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Limburg, Karin E.

    1 MARINE PROTECTED AREAS Fisheries Science and Management Rita OLIVEIRA MONTEIRO Cover photo of a mpa (coast and underwater) MARINE PROTECTED AREAS OBJECTIVES FOR TODAY: · definitions · historical · habitat degradation · invasive species · harmful algal blooms · marine epidemics · mass mortalities

  20. Large-N transitions of the connectivity index

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Francesco Aprile; Vasilis Niarchos

    2015-01-15

    The connectivity index, defined as the number of decoupled components of a separable quantum system, can change under deformations of the Hamiltonian or during the dynamical change of the system under renormalization group flow. Such changes signal a rearrangement of correlations of different degrees of freedom across spacetime and field theory space. In this paper we quantify such processes by studying the behavior of entanglement entropy in a specific example: the RG flow in the Coulomb branch of large-N superconformal field theories. We find evidence that the transition from the non-separable phase of the Higgsed gauge theory in the UV to the separable phase of deformed decoupled CFTs in the IR exhibits sharp features in the middle of the RG flow in the large-N limit. The entanglement entropy on a sphere with radius $\\ell$ exhibits the formation of a separatrix on the co-dimension-two Ryu-Takayanagi surface in multi-centered brane geometries above a critical value of $\\ell$. We discuss how other measures of entanglement and separability based on the relative quantum entropy and quantum mutual information might detect such transitions between non-separable and separable phases and how they would help describe some of the key properties of the IR physics of such flows.

  1. Braking index of isolated uniformly rotating magnetized pulsars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamil, Oliver; Urbanec, Martin; Urbancova, Gabriela

    2015-01-01

    Isolated pulsars are rotating neutron stars with accurately measured angular velocities $\\Omega$, and their time derivatives which show unambiguously that the pulsars are slowing down. Although the exact mechanism of the spin-down is a question of debate in detail, the commonly accepted view is that it arises through emission of magnetic dipole radiation (MDR) from a rotating magnetized body. Other processes, including the emission of gravitational radiation, and of relativistic particles (pulsar wind), are also being considered. The calculated energy loss by a rotating pulsar with a constant moment of inertia is assumed proportional to a model dependent power of $\\Omega$. This relation leads to the power law $\\dot{\\Omega}$ = -K $\\Omega^{\\rm n}$ where $n$ is called the braking index. The MDR model predicts $n$ exactly equal to 3. Selected observations of isolated pulsars provide rather precise values of $n$, individually accurate to a few percent or better, in the range 1$ <$ n $ < $ 2.8, which is consi...

  2. Functional determinants, index theorems, and exact quantum black hole entropy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murthy, Sameer

    2015-01-01

    The exact quantum entropy of BPS black holes can be evaluated using localization in supergravity. An important ingredient in this program, that has been lacking so far, is the one-loop effect arising from the quadratic fluctuations of the exact deformation (the $Q\\mathcal{V}$ operator). We compute the fluctuation determinant for vector multiplets and hyper multiplets around $Q$-invariant off-shell configurations in four-dimensional $\\mathcal{N}=2$ supergravity with $AdS_{2} \\times S^{2}$ boundary conditions, using the Atiyah-Bott fixed-point index theorem and a subsequent zeta function regularization. Our results extend the large-charge on-shell entropy computations in the literature to a regime of finite charges. Based on our results, we present an exact formula for the quantum entropy of BPS black holes in $\\mathcal{N}=2$ supergravity. We explain cancellations concerning $\\frac18$-BPS black holes in $\\mathcal{N}=8$ supergravity that were observed previously. We also make comments about the interpretation of...

  3. Functional determinants, index theorems, and exact quantum black hole entropy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sameer Murthy; Valentin Reys

    2015-08-10

    The exact quantum entropy of BPS black holes can be evaluated using localization in supergravity. An important ingredient in this program, that has been lacking so far, is the one-loop effect arising from the quadratic fluctuations of the exact deformation (the $Q\\mathcal{V}$ operator). We compute the fluctuation determinant for vector multiplets and hyper multiplets around $Q$-invariant off-shell configurations in four-dimensional $\\mathcal{N}=2$ supergravity with $AdS_{2} \\times S^{2}$ boundary conditions, using the Atiyah-Bott fixed-point index theorem and a subsequent zeta function regularization. Our results extend the large-charge on-shell entropy computations in the literature to a regime of finite charges. Based on our results, we present an exact formula for the quantum entropy of BPS black holes in $\\mathcal{N}=2$ supergravity. We explain cancellations concerning $\\frac18$-BPS black holes in $\\mathcal{N}=8$ supergravity that were observed in arXiv:1111.1161. We also make comments about the interpretation of a logarithmic term in the topological string partition function in the low energy supergravity theory.

  4. Antireflective graded index silica coating, method for making

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yoldas, Bulent E. (Churchill, PA); Partlow, Deborah P. (Wilkinsburg, PA)

    1985-01-01

    Antireflective silica coating for vitreous material is substantially non-reflecting over a wide band of radiations. This is achieved by providing the coating with a graded degree of porosity which grades the index of refraction between that of air and the vitreous material of the substrate. To prepare the coating, there is first prepared a silicon-alkoxide-based coating solution of particular polymer structure produced by a controlled proportion of water to alkoxide and a controlled concentration of alkoxide to solution, along with a small amount of catalyst. The primary solvent is alcohol and the solution is polymerized and hydrolized under controlled conditions prior to use. The prepared solution is applied as a film to the vitreous substrate and rapidly dried. It is thereafter heated under controlled conditions to volatilize the hydroxyl radicals and organics therefrom and then to produce a suitable pore morphology in the residual porous silica layer. The silica layer is then etched in order to enlarge the pores in a graded fashion, with the largest of the pores remaining being sufficiently small that radiations to be passed through the substrate are not significantly scattered. For use with quartz substrates, extremely durable coatings which display only 0.1% reflectivity have been prepared.

  5. Viscosity index improver-dispersant additive useful in oil compositions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gardiner, J.B.; Dick, M.N.

    1988-10-25

    A process comprising grafting in the substantial absence of solvent a hydrocarbon polymer of C/sub 2/ to C/sub 28/ olefin, the polymer having a number average molecular weight in the range of about 5,000 to 500,000 with an unsaturated material selected from the group consisting of: (A) ethylenically unsaturated C/sub 3/ to C/sub 10/ carboxylic acid having 1 to 2 carboxylic acid groups or an anhydride group, and (B) nitrogen-containing ethylenically unsaturated monomers containing 6 to 30 carbon atoms and 1 to 4 nitrogen atoms, in the presence of a free radical initiator and a chain stopping agent comprising at least one member selected from the group consisting of alphatic mercaptans having 4 to 24 carbon atoms, deithyl hydroxyl amine cumene and phenols, the grafting being conducted in a manner and under conditions sufficient to form a substantially oil soluble graft copolymer useful as a viscosity index improver-dispersant additive for lubricating oil compositions.

  6. Center symmetry and area laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas D. Cohen

    2014-07-15

    SU($N_c$) gauge theories containing matter fields may be invariant under transformations of some subgroup of the $\\mathbb{Z}_{N_c}$ center; the maximum such subgroup is $\\mathbb{Z}_{p}$, with $p$ depending on $N_c$ and the representations of the various matter fields in the theory. Confining SU($N_c$) gauge theories in either 3+1 or 2+1 space-time dimensions and with matter fields in any representation have string tensions for representation $R$ given by $\\sigma_R =\\sigma_f \\, \\, \\frac{p_R (p-p_R) \\, \\, g\\left (p_R (p-p_R) \\right )}{(p-1) \\, \\, g(p -1 )} $ with $p_R={n_R \\, \\rm mod}(p)$, where $\\sigma_f $ is the string tension for the fundamental representation, $g$ is a positive finite function and $n_R$ is the n-ality of $R$. This implies that a necessary condition for a theory in this class to have an area law is invariance of the theory under a nontrivial subgroup of the center. Significantly, these results depend on $p$ regardless of the value of $N_c$.

  7. Geothermal Literature Review At International Geothermal Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermal Literature Review At International Geothermal Area, Italy (Ranalli & Rybach, 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity:...

  8. Geothermal Literature Review At International Geothermal Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermal Literature Review At International Geothermal Area, Iceland (Ranalli & Rybach, 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity:...

  9. Considering LEDs for Street and Area Lighting

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    View Jim Brodrick's keynote video from the September 2009 IES Street and Area Lighting Conference in Philadelphia.

  10. A comparison of geographical information systemsbased algorithms for computing the TOPMODEL topographic index

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pan, Feifei

    A comparison of geographical information systems­­based algorithms for computing the TOPMODEL)-based topographic index algorithms is evaluated by computing root-mean-square errors of the computed-based topographic index algorithms are combinations of flow direction and slope algorithms: i.e., single flow

  11. DIRAC-HARMONIC MAPS FROM INDEX THEORY BERND AMMANN AND NICOLAS GINOUX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ammann, Bernd

    DIRAC-HARMONIC MAPS FROM INDEX THEORY BERND AMMANN AND NICOLAS GINOUX Abstract. We prove existence results for Dirac-harmonic maps using index theoretical tools. They are mainly interesting if the source map between the source and target manifolds is a harmonic map. Contents 1. Introduction 1 2

  12. Author's personal copy A novel ocean color index to detect oating algae in the global oceans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    Author's personal copy A novel ocean color index to detect oating algae in the global oceans December 2008 Received in revised form 15 May 2009 Accepted 23 May 2009 Keywords: Floating Algae Index (FAI Remote sensing Ocean color Climate data record Various types of oating algae have been reported in open

  13. Normalized Microwave Reflection Index: Validation of Vegetation Water Content Estimates from Montana Grasslands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Larson, Kristine

    1 Normalized Microwave Reflection Index: Validation of Vegetation Water Content Estimates from NMRI as a metric for estimating vegetation water content (VWC) and evaluate the normalization procedure Reflection Index (NMRI). It is a measure of vegetation water content (VWC) estimated from data archived

  14. Tunable split-ring resonators for nonlinear negative-index metamaterials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tunable split-ring resonators for nonlinear negative-index metamaterials Ilya V. Shadrivov, Steven; (999.9999) Metamaterials. References and links 1. C. Soukoulis, "Bending back light: The science. Drachev, and A. V. Kildishev, "Negative index of refraction in optical metamaterials," Opt. Lett. 30, 3356

  15. Passivity Index for Switched System Technical Report of the ISIS Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antsaklis, Panos

    Passivity Index for Switched System Design Technical Report of the ISIS Group at the University of Notre Dame ISIS-09-002 May, 2009 Michael J. McCourt and Panos J. Antsaklis Department of Electrical.J. McCourt and P.J. Antsaklis, "Passivity Index for Switched System Design," ISIS Technical Report

  16. LOCAL INDEX THEORY OVER ETALE GROUPOIDS ALEXANDER GOROKHOVSKY AND JOHN LOTT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gorokhovsky, Alexander

    a superconnection proof of Connes' index theorem for proper cocom- pact actions of ´etale groupoids. This includes by Connes in [8, Section III.7., The- orem 12]. We give a superconnection proof of Connes' theorem will treat it as a "noncommutative space" B. We will give a superconnection proof of a families index theorem

  17. Prediction of the AL index using solar wind Xinlin Li,1,2,5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Xinlin

    Prediction of the AL index using solar wind parameters Xinlin Li,1,2,5 Kap Soo Oh,1,3 and M are based on solar wind and magnetometer data from the year 1995. The simple model predicts the 10-min averaged AL index for 1995 using only solar wind measurements with a prediction efficiency of 0

  18. Evaluation of distributed hydrologic impacts of temperature-index and energy-based snow models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dozier, Jeff

    Evaluation of distributed hydrologic impacts of temperature-index and energy-based snow models Accepted 13 March 2013 Available online 26 March 2013 Keywords: Snow Energy-balance Temperature that both the Isnobal energy-balance and calibrated temperature-index methods adequately reproduce snow

  19. Thermal Signature: A Simple Yet Accurate Thermal Index for Floorplan Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sapatnekar, Sachin

    Thermal Signature: A Simple Yet Accurate Thermal Index for Floorplan Optimization ABSTRACT evaluation should be done extremely fast with high accuracy. A new thermal index, named thermal signature's function and power density in- tegrated over space. The correlation coefficient between thermal signature

  20. ERDCTR-12-10 Index of Available Research on Military Impacts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fehmi, Jeffrey S.

    ERDCTR-12-10 Index of Available Research on Military Impacts Optimal Allocation of Land Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. #12;#12;ERDC TR-12-10 June 2012 Index of Available, and to recommend the implementation of a more cost-effective, regional strategic approach for future land