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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lead acid battery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Sandia National Laboratories: Due Diligence on Lead Acid Battery...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Due Diligence on Lead Acid Battery Recycling March 23, 2011 Lead Acid Batteries on secondary containment pallet Lead Acid Batteries on secondary containment pallet In 2004, the US...

2

Studies On Advanced Lead-Acid Batteries.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Subsequent to the studies on precursor lead-acid systems by Daniel, Grove and Sindesten, practical lead-acid batteries began with the research and inventions of Raymond Gaston (more)

Martha, Surendra Kumar

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Primer on lead-acid storage batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This handbook was developed to help DOE facility contractors prevent accidents caused during operation and maintenance of lead-acid storage batteries. Major types of lead-acid storage batteries are discussed as well as their operation, application, selection, maintenance, and disposal (storage, transportation, as well). Safety hazards and precautions are discussed in the section on battery maintenance. References to industry standards are included for selection, maintenance, and disposal.

NONE

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Lightweight, durable lead-acid batteries  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A lightweight, durable lead-acid battery is disclosed. Alternative electrode materials and configurations are used to reduce weight, to increase material utilization and to extend service life. The electrode can include a current collector having a buffer layer in contact with the current collector and an electrochemically active material in contact with the buffer layer. In one form, the buffer layer includes a carbide, and the current collector includes carbon fibers having the buffer layer. The buffer layer can include a carbide and/or a noble metal selected from of gold, silver, tantalum, platinum, palladium and rhodium. When the electrode is to be used in a lead-acid battery, the electrochemically active material is selected from metallic lead (for a negative electrode) or lead peroxide (for a positive electrode).

Lara-Curzio, Edgar (Lenoir City, TN); An, Ke (Knoxville, TX); Kiggans, Jr., James O. (Oak Ridge, TN); Dudney, Nancy J. (Knoxville, TN); Contescu, Cristian I. (Knoxville, TN); Baker, Frederick S. (Oak Ridge, TN); Armstrong, Beth L. (Clinton, TN)

2011-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

5

Lightweight, durable lead-acid batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A lightweight, durable lead-acid battery is disclosed. Alternative electrode materials and configurations are used to reduce weight, to increase material utilization and to extend service life. The electrode can include a current collector having a buffer layer in contact with the current collector and an electrochemically active material in contact with the buffer layer. In one form, the buffer layer includes a carbide, and the current collector includes carbon fibers having the buffer layer. The buffer layer can include a carbide and/or a noble metal selected from of gold, silver, tantalum, platinum, palladium and rhodium. When the electrode is to be used in a lead-acid battery, the electrochemically active material is selected from metallic lead (for a negative electrode) or lead peroxide (for a positive electrode).

Lara-Curzio, Edgar; An, Ke; Kiggans, Jr., James O; Dudney, Nancy J; Contescu, Cristian I; Baker, Frederick S; Armstrong, Beth L

2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

6

Thermal runaway of valve-regulated lead-acid batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Valve-regulated lead-acid (VRLA) batteries that have aged on a float charge at constant voltage occasionally suffer from thermal runaway. Operating conditions for a VRLA battery have been simulated by changing th...

Junmei Hu; Yonglang Guo; Xuechou Zhou

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Definition: Lead-acid battery | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Lead-acid battery Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Lead-acid battery A type of battery that uses plates made of pure lead or lead oxide for the electrodes and sulfuric acid for the electrolyte.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Related Terms Battery, electrolyte References ↑ http://www1.eere.energy.gov/solar/solar_glossary.html Retr LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Lead-acid_battery&oldid=487934" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load)

8

Advanced Lead Acid Battery Consortium | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lead Acid Battery Consortium Lead Acid Battery Consortium Jump to: navigation, search Name Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Consortium Place Durham, North Carolina Zip 27713 Sector Vehicles Product The ALABC is a research consortium of more than 50 battery-related companies that was originally formed in 1992 to advance the capabilities of the valve-regulated lead acid battery to help electric vehicles become a reality. Coordinates 45.396265°, -122.755099° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.396265,"lon":-122.755099,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

9

Fact Sheet: Carbon-Enhanced Lead-Acid Batteries (October 2012) | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Carbon-Enhanced Lead-Acid Batteries (October 2012) Carbon-Enhanced Lead-Acid Batteries (October 2012) Fact Sheet: Carbon-Enhanced Lead-Acid Batteries (October 2012) DOE's Energy Storage Program is funding research and testing to improve the performance and reduce the cost of lead-acid batteries. Research to understand and quantify the mechanisms responsible for the beneficial effect of carbon additions will help demonstrate the near-term feasibility of grid-scale energy storage with lead-acid batteries, and may also benefit other battery chemistries. Fact Sheet: Carbon-Enhanced Lead-Acid Batteries (October 2012) More Documents & Publications Fact Sheet: Grid-Scale Energy Storage Demonstration Using UltraBattery Technology (October 2012) New Reports and Other Materials Energy Storage Systems 2012 Peer Review Presentations - Day 1, Session 2

10

Energy Storage in Lead-Acid Batteries: The Faraday Way to Sustainability [and Discussion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Energy Storage in Lead-Acid Batteries: The Faraday Way...examines how lead-acid batteries might assist the transition...emphasis is placed on the advances in materials and cell...that are required for battery performance to meet...

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Effect of Sn and Ca doping on the corrosion of Pb anodes in lead acid batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effect of Sn and Ca doping on the corrosion of Pb anodes in lead acid batteries Dragan Slavkova of lead anodes used in lead acid batteries. However, one drawback of these materials is their increased corrosion rate as compared to pure lead anodes. In the present investigation, the dissolution of Pb

Popov, Branko N.

12

Fact Sheet: Carbon-Enhanced Lead-Acid Batteries (October 2012)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

batteries are currently used in a variety of applications, ranging from automotive batteries are currently used in a variety of applications, ranging from automotive starting batteries to storage for renewable energy sources. Lead-acid batteries form deposits on the negative electrodes that hinder their performance, which is a major hurdle to the wider use of lead-acid batteries for grid-scale energy storage. The formation of deposits is exacerbated under the operating conditions required by many large-scale energy storage systems, which cycle at a high electrical current while remaining in a partially charged state (high-rate, partial state of charge operation, or HRPSoC). In 1997, researchers made two important advancements to lead-acid batteries. First, the Japan Storage Battery Company showed that adding carbon to the battery dramatically

13

Thermal Electrochemical Dynamic Modeling of Sealed Lead Acid Batteries.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Limitations to battery technology ranks second as the most vital problem facing the electronic and mechanical engineering industry in the future. The life span and (more)

Siniard, Kevin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Energy Storage in Lead-Acid Batteries: The Faraday Way to Sustainability [and Discussion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

15 July 1996 research-article Energy Storage in Lead-Acid Batteries: The Faraday Way...ability to continue supplying itself with the energy that it has grown to need. This energy is derived mainly from fossil fuels and must...

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Designing a wastewater and storm water management system for a new sealed lead acid battery facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Design of a new lead acid battery manufacturing facility requires careful planning to ensure compliance with wastewater, storm water, air quality and hazardous waste regulations. A case history is presented describing the planning approach to development of a wastewater and storm water management system for an SLA (sealed lead acid) battery plant in Columbus, Georgia. Several pollution prevention concepts were utilized in the design of the wastewater management system, which resulted in an 80% reduction in wastewater volume, and at the same time ensured compliance with the mass-based federal categorical effluent limits. Storm water management features were focused on eliminating any outdoor areas of industrial activity by avoiding outdoor storage areas to the extent possible, containment of remaining areas, and stringent air emission control concepts. Federal effluent guidelines for the battery manufacturing point source category as well as federal regulations governing the industrial storm water discharge permitting program were the key factors in motivating the design concepts utilized. Areas affected by the design concepts included facility layout, HVAC system design, process recovery systems, chemical storage and containment, and wastewater treatment technology. The facility has been in compliance with all applicable environmental regulations since startup in August, 1992 and has been awarded the 1995 Matsushita Electric Corporation`s President`s Award for Environmental Excellence.

Nichols, C.P.; Langan, M.M.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

16

DOE-SPEC-3018-96; Flooded-Type Lead-Acid Storage Batteries  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

8-96 8-96 August 1996 DOE SPECIFICATION FLOODED-TYPE LEAD-ACID STORAGE BATTERIES U.S. Department of Energy FSC 6140 Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This document has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, P.O. Box 62, Oak Ridge, TN 37831; (423) 576-8401. Available to the public from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Technology Administration, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161; (703) 487-4650. Order No.DE96009469 DOE-SPEC-3018-96 iii FOREWORD 1. Use of this purchase specification is not mandatory. User should review the document and determine if it meets the user's purpose.

17

DOE-SPEC-3019-96; Valve-Regulated Type Lead-Acid Storage Batteries  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

9-96 9-96 August 1996 DOE SPECIFICATION VALVE-REGULATED TYPE LEAD-ACID STORAGE BATTERIES U.S. Department of Energy FSC 6140 Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This document has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, P.O. Box 62, Oak Ridge, TN 37831; (423) 576-8401. Available to the public from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Technology Administration, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161; (703) 487-4650. Order No. DE96009470 DOE-SPEC-3019-96 THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK DOE-SPEC-3019-96 iii FOREWORD 1. Use of this purchase specification is not mandatory. User should review the document and

18

DOE-HDBK-1084-95; Primer on Lead-Acid Storage Batteries  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

HDBK-1084-95 HDBK-1084-95 September 1995 DOE HANDBOOK PRIMER ON LEAD-ACID STORAGE BATTERIES U.S. Department of Energy FSC-6910 Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implies, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. References herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does

19

AVTA: 2010 Honda Civic HEV with Experimental Ultra Lead Acid Battery Testing Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a 2010 Civic hybrid electric vehicle with an advanced experimental ultra-lead acid battery, an experimental vehicle not for sale. The baseline performance testing provides a point of comparison for the other test results. Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

20

Procedures for safe handling of off-gases from electric vehicle lead-acid batteries during overcharge  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The potential for generation of toxic gases from lead-acid batteries has long been recognized. Prior to the current interest in electric vehicles, there were no studies specificaly oriented to toxic gas release from traction batteries, however. As the Department of Energy Demonstration Project (in the Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Program) progresses, available data from past studies and parallel health effects programs must be digested into guidance to the drivers and maintenance personnel, tailored to their contact with electric vehicles. The basic aspects of lead-acid battery operation, vehicle use, and health effects of stibine and arsine to provide electric vehicle users with the information behind the judgment that vehicle operation and testing may proceed are presented. Specifically, it is concluded that stibine generation or arsine generation at rapid enough rates to induce acute toxic response is not at all likely. Procedures to guard against low-level exposure until more definitive data on ambient concentrations of the gases are collected are presented for both charging the batteries and driving the vehicles. A research plan to collect additional quantitative data from electric traction batteries is presented.

LaBelle, S.J.; Bhattacharyya, M.H.; Loutfy, R.O.; Varma, R.

1980-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lead acid battery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

AVTA: 2010 Honda Civic HEV with Experimental Ultra Lead Acid...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2010 Honda Civic HEV with Experimental Ultra Lead Acid Battery Testing Results AVTA: 2010 Honda Civic HEV with Experimental Ultra Lead Acid Battery Testing Results The Vehicle...

22

A Study of Lead-Acid Battery Efficiency Near Top-of-Charge  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

the details of charge efficiency versus state of charge for the specific battery under test. Specific charge versus state of charge information is particularly important for...

23

Computer model of the lead/acid starter battery in automobiles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A large increase in the power required on-board automobiles is expected in the years to come. More complex electric networks will then be required to provide adequate reliability and minimal fuel consumption. The scope of this study is to present a model for an automotive battery introduced in a software package that is developed to simulate current and future electrical architecture. This model is based on an evaluation of battery e.m.f., over-voltage and capacitive behaviour. A description is given of the test protocol used to develop laws and to validate the model. The model is tested successfully both in starting phases and under real vehicle running conditions.

H. Duval

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Modeling the recharge kinetics of the positive electrode active mass of a lead-acid battery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A mathematical model has been developed and compared with experimental data from the literature. A characteristic fourfold increase in the Tafel slope with increasing current density found in the experimental polarization curves is predicted by the model. The model is based on the assumption that the positive active mass has a structure with microporous agglomerates forming a macroporous skeleton. During charging, lead ions dissolve from the surface of the lead sulfate crystals, diffuse through the skeleton and into the agglomerates, and finally react on the PbO/sub 2/-surface. The fourfold increase of the Tafel slope is attributed to the combined effect of strong pore diffusion resistance in both macro- and micropores. In other respects as well, the model is consistent with published kinetic data.

Bjornbom, P.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Minimizing the Lead-Acid Battery Bank Capacity through a Solar PV - Wind Turbine Hybrid System for a high-altitude village in the Nepal Himalayas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Of the estimated 1.6-2 billion people who lacked access to electricity at the end of the last millennium, millions have gained access to basic indoor lighting through off grid solar PV home systems with lead acid battery storage over the last decade. In Nepal, through government subsidy programs and INGO/NGO projects, around 350,000 solar PV home systems have been installed since 2001, mainly in remote, high altitude Himalayan communities. The author's field experience shows that within 6-24 months, 50-70% of the solar PV home systems are either not properly functioning, or not working at all. This is mainly due to substandard equipment, lack of user awareness, inability to maintain their systems, as well as the nonexistence of after sales services. Thus, an estimated 250,000 dead, flooded lead-acid batteries are either unsafely disposed of or lying around, posing huge potential hazards for people and the unique yet fragile Himalayan ecosystem. The research conducted demonstrates that by tapping into more than one renewable energy resource, converting the local available solar and wind resources into electricity through a solar PV - wind turbine hybrid RAPS (Remote Area Power Supply) system, the lead-acid battery bank capacity can be minimized by 57%, compared to an equivalent energy generating solar PV RAPS system, without jeopardizing, or reducing the village's load demands. This project shows that wind and solar resources are complimentary to each other over several hours in an average day. Thus, by utilizing both of the local wind and solar resources and converting them into electricity to meet the loads directly or to store into the lead-acid battery bank, it allows an average of 3-4hours longer electricity generation per day. This enables the design of smaller battery bank capacities for hybrid RAPS systems without limiting the end users energy services. Hence, long-term health risks to the people, as well as environmental damage to the delicate and exceptional Himalayan flora and fauna through disposed dead lead-acid batteries, is reduced.

Zahnd Alex; Angel Clark; Wendy Cheung; Linda Zou; Jan Kleissl

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

E-Print Network 3.0 - acid storage batteries Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

electric power applications Summary: expensive. Pneumatic storage technology's main advantages over the lead-acid batteries are (a) unlimited... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....

27

A two-dimensional mathematical model of a porous lead dioxide electrode in a lead-acid cell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rechargeability of the lead-acid battery make it the single most widely used battery system worldwide (1). The applications of the battery system vary from small sealed batteries for consumer use to the large load levelling systems for electric utilities (2... current density distribution would lead to inefficient use oi' the porous electrodes and, subsequently, would lower the performance of each cell in a battery. A number of factors could lead to nonuniform current distribution. In a typical lead-acid cell...

Dimpault-Darcy, Eric Christophe

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

28

Leading experts to speak at battery & energy storage technology...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Leading experts to speak at battery & energy storage technology conference adipex for sale Speakers from US Department of Energy, academia and industry to meet November 5th in...

29

The use of NTA and EDTA for lead phytoextraction from soil from a battery recycling site  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are lead mining, lead smelting and battery recycling.Areas near Pb recycling facilities may be enriched bysoil with lead. A battery recycling site is a location where

Freitas, Eriberto; Nascimento, Clistenes; Silva, Airon

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Survey of mercury, cadmium and lead content of household batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: A well selected sample of 146 batteries was analysed for its heavy metals content. A comparison was made between heavy metals contents in batteries in 2006 and 2011. No significant change after implementation of the new EU Batteries Directive. Severe differences in heavy metal contents were found in different battery-types. - Abstract: The objective of this work was to provide updated information on the development of the potential impact of heavy metal containing batteries on municipal waste and battery recycling processes following transposition of the new EU Batteries Directive 2006/66/EC. A representative sample of 146 different types of commercially available dry and button cells as well as lithium-ion accumulators for mobile phones were analysed for their mercury (Hg)-, cadmium (Cd)- and lead (Pb)-contents. The methods used for preparing the cells and analysing the heavy metals Hg, Cd, and Pb were either developed during a former study or newly developed. Several batteries contained higher mass fractions of mercury or cadmium than the EU limits. Only half of the batteries with mercury and/or lead fractions above the marking thresholds were labelled. Alkalinemanganese mono-cells and Li-ion accumulators, on average, contained the lowest heavy metal concentrations, while zinccarbon batteries, on average, contained the highest levels.

Recknagel, Sebastian, E-mail: sebastian.recknagel@bam.de [BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Department of Analytical Chemistry, Reference Materials, Richard-Willsttter-Strae 11, D-12489 Berlin (Germany); Radant, Hendrik [BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Department of Analytical Chemistry, Reference Materials, Richard-Willsttter-Strae 11, D-12489 Berlin (Germany); Kohlmeyer, Regina [German Federal Environment Agency (UBA), Section III 1.6 Extended Producer Responsibility, Wrlitzer Platz 1, D-06844 Dessau-Rolau (Germany)

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

31

National Labs Leading Charge on Building Better Batteries | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Labs Leading Charge on Building Better Batteries Labs Leading Charge on Building Better Batteries National Labs Leading Charge on Building Better Batteries September 26, 2011 - 12:36pm Addthis Berkeley Lab researchers have designed a new anode -- a key component of lithium ion batteries -- made from a "tailored polymer" (pictured above at right in purple). It has a greater capacity to store energy since it can conduct electricity itself rather than using a polymer binder (such as PVDF, pictured above at left in brown) in the traditional method. Berkeley Lab researchers have designed a new anode -- a key component of lithium ion batteries -- made from a "tailored polymer" (pictured above at right in purple). It has a greater capacity to store energy since it can conduct electricity itself rather than using a polymer binder (such as

32

ESS 2012 Peer Review - GRIDS Soluble Lead Flow Battery Technology - Aaron Sathrum, General Atomics  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Atomics Proprietary Information Atomics Proprietary Information 1 GRIDS Soluble Lead Flow Battery Technology General Atomics and the University of California, San Diego Aaron J. Sathrum (General Atomics): Aaron.Sathrum@ga.com Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-e) OVERVIEW TECHNICAL CHALLENGES RESULTS MODELING CHARACTERIZATION FLOW BATTERY OUTLOOK Anode: Pb 2+ + 2e -  Pb Cathode: Pb 2+ + 2H 2 O  PbO 2 + 4H + + 2e - Overall: H 2 O  Pb + PbO 2 + 4H + Cell Potential = 1.76V Energy Density = 75Wh/kg, 95Wh/L General Atomics (GA) and the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) are jointly developing a soluble lead flow battery 1 where the active lead material is dissolved into methanesulfonic acid, which allows for the use of a single electrolyte and eliminates the

33

A New Hybrid Proton-Exchange-Membrane Fuel Cells-Battery Power System with Efficiencies Considered  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hybrid systems, based on lead-acid or lithium-ion batteries and proton-exchange-membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs), give the possibility of ... results show that the combination of lead-acid batteries or lithium-ion batteries

Chung-Hsing Chao; Jenn-Jong Shieh

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Batteries, mobile phones & small electrical devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at the ANU (eg. lead acid car batteries) send an email to recycle@anu.edu.au A bit of information about by batteries. Rechargeable batteries have been found to save resources, money and energy and therefore are a more environmentally friendly alternative to single use batteries. However rechargeable batteries

35

PROFESSOR EMANUEL PELED is a world leading scientist in the field of batteries and fuel cells. He  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PROFESSOR EMANUEL PELED is a world leading scientist in the field of batteries and fuel cells. He has published over 150 papers and 45 patents and patent pending in the fields of batteries and fuel 2003 he is the chairman of the Fuel Cells and Battery Center (funded by Israel MOS) and the incumbent

Rabani, Eran

36

Batteries - Home  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Advanced Battery Research, Development, and Testing Advanced Battery Research, Development, and Testing Argonne's Research Argonne plays a major role in the US Department of Energy's (DOE's) energy storage program within its Office of Vehicle Technologies. Activities include: Developing advanced anode and cathode materials under DOE's longer term exploratory R&D program Leading DOE's applied R&D program focused on improving lithium-ion (Li-Ion) battery technology for use in transportation applications Developing higher capacity electrode materials and electrolyte systems that will increase the energy density of lithium batteries for extended electric range PHEV applications Conducting independent performance and life tests on other advanced (Li-Ion, Ni-MH, Pb-Acid) batteries. Argonne's R&D focus is on advanced lithium battery technologies to meet the energy storage needs of the light-duty vehicle market.

37

Physics-based simulation of the impact of demand response on lead-acid emergency power availability in a datacenter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper uses a one-dimensional, physics-based model of a valve-regulated lead-acid (VRLA) battery to examine the impact of demand response on uninterruptible power supply (UPS) availability in a datacenter. Datacenters are facilities that provide services such as cloud computing, web search, etc. They are also large electricity consumers. An energy-efficient 15MW datacenter, for instance, may pay $1m per month for electricity. Datacenters often utilize VRLA batteries to ensure high reliability in serving their computational demand. This motivates the paper's central question: to what extent does the use of datacenter UPS batteries for demand response affect their availability for their primary purpose (namely, emergency power)? We address this question using a physics-based model of the coupled diffusion-reaction dynamics of VRLA batteries. We discretize this model using finite differences, and simulate it for different datacenter battery pack sizes. The results show that for a typical datacenter power demand profile, a VRLA battery pack sized for UPS functionality can provide demand response with only a minimal loss of UPS availability.

A. Mamun; D. Wang; I. Narayanan; A. Sivasubramaniam; H.K. Fathy

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Acid Based Blend Membranes for Redox Flow Batteries - Alan Cisar, Lynntech  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Acid Based Blend Membranes for Redox Flow Batteries Acid Based Blend Membranes for Redox Flow Batteries DOE Grant No: DE-SC0006306 Alan Cisar* and Chris Rhodes Lynntech, Inc., 2501 Earl Rudder Freeway South, College Station, TX 77845 *E-mail: alan.cisar@lynntech.com, Phone: 979.764.2311 Prof. Arumugam Manthiram University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712 Prof. Fuqiang Liu University of Texas Arlington, Arlington, TX 76019 Conclusions Lynntech, in conjunction with the University of Texas and the University of Texas at Arlington, developed a new series of low-cost polymer blend membranes with high proton conductivity and ultralow vanadium ion permeability. The proton conductivity and physical properties of these membranes are tunable by adjusting the ratio of acid and base components. Membrane conductivity was found to be more critical to

39

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkaline battery electrodes Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

PHYSICS DIVISION ESH BULLETIN 07-02 BATTERY RECYCLING May 21, 2007 ORNL recycles all types... , and sealed or open celled lead-acid. No batteries should be disposed of in the...

40

Advanced batteries for electric vehicle applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A technology assessment is given for electric batteries with potential for use in electric powered vehicles. Parameters considered include: specific energy, specific power, energy density, power density, cycle life, service life, recharge time, and selling price. Near term batteries include: nickel/cadmium and lead-acid batteries. Mid term batteries include: sodium/sulfur, sodium/nickel chloride, nickel/metal hydride, zinc/air, zinc/bromine, and nickel/iron systems. Long term batteries include: lithium/iron disulfide and lithium- polymer systems. Performance and life testing data for these systems are discussed. (GHH)

Henriksen, G.L.

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lead acid battery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Field Operations Program Chevrolet S-10 (Lead-Acid) Accelerated Reliability Testing - Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the Accelerated Reliability testing of five lead-acid battery-equipped Chevrolet S-10 electric vehicles by the US Department of Energy's Field Operations Program and the Program's testing partners, Electric Transportation Applications (ETA) and Southern California Edison (SCE). ETA and SCE operated the S-10s with the goal of placing 25,000 miles on each vehicle within 1 year, providing an accelerated life-cycle analysis. The testing was performed according to established and published test procedures. The S-10s' average ranges were highest during summer months; changes in ambient temperature from night to day and from season-to-season impacted range by as much as 10 miles. Drivers also noted that excessive use of power during acceleration also had a dramatic effect on vehicle range. The spirited performance of the S-10s created a great temptation to inexperienced electric vehicle drivers to ''have a good time'' and to fully utilize the S-10's acceleration capability. The price of injudicious use of power is greatly reduced range and a long-term reduction in battery life. The range using full-power accelerations followed by rapid deceleration in city driving has been 20 miles or less.

J. Francfort (INEEL); J. Argueta; M. Wehrey (Southern California Edison); D. Karner; L. Tyree (Electric Transportation Applications)

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Battery electrode growth accommodation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electrode for a lead acid flow through battery, the grids including a plastic frame, a plate suspended from the top of the frame to hang freely in the plastic frame and a paste applied to the plate, the paste being free to allow for expansion in the planar direction of the grid.

Bowen, Gerald K. (Cedarburg, WI); Andrew, Michael G. (Wauwatosa, WI); Eskra, Michael D. (Fredonia, WI)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

"Buried-Anode" Technology Leads to Advanced Lithium Batteries (Fact Sheet), The Spectrum of Clean Energy Innovation, NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

It all began in 2001, when three NREL researchers took their thin-film It all began in 2001, when three NREL researchers took their thin-film expertise from window technology research and applied it to a solid-state, thin-film lithium battery. The researchers knew that lithium batteries tended to degrade quickly because the fragile lithium metal anode was on the top of the battery, where any cracks in the encapsulant could lead to rapid failure. The team developed the concept of building the battery in reverse order, depositing first the solid-state electrolyte, made of lithium phosphorous oxynitride (LiPON), then the cathode, a metal oxide. Lithium is typically intercalated (chemically trapped) within the cathode material. Placing an initial charge on the battery causes the lithium ions to migrate out of the cathode

44

OPTIMIZATION WITH ENERGY MANAGEMENT OF PV BATTERY STAND-ALONE SYSTEMS OVER THE ENTIRE LIFE CYCLE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of both the installed PV power and storage capacity (lead-acid battery technology for purposes). Keywords: Battery storage and control, Lifetime simulation, PV system. 1. INTRODUCTION Given the sizable-averaged renewable output. The battery state of charge (SOC), which determines the efficiency during charging

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

45

Chloroaluminate-Doped Conducting Polymers as Positive Electrodes in Rechargeable Aluminum Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

These energy densities are competitive for grid-scale energy storage; they are on par with those of flow battery(2, 46, 47) and lead-acid(2, 48) systems. ... Skyllas-Kazacos, M.; Chakrabarti, M. H.; Hajimolana, S. A.; Mjalli, F. S.; Saleem, M.Progress in Flow Battery Research and Development J. Electrochem. ... Progress in Flow Battery Research and Development ...

Nicholas S. Hudak

2014-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

46

Comparison of various battery technologies for electric vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

four technologies; Lead-Acid, Nickel-Cadmium, Nickel-Metal Hydride and Zinc-Bromide. A standard set of testing procedures for electric vehicle batteries, based on industry accepted testing procedures, and any tests which were specific to individual...

Dickinson, Blake Edward

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Ion implantation of highly corrosive electrolyte battery components  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of producing corrosion resistant electrodes and other surfaces in corrosive batteries using ion implantation is described. Solid electrically conductive material is used as the ion implantation source. Battery electrode grids, especially anode grids, can be produced with greatly increased corrosion resistance for use in lead acid, molten salt, and sodium sulfur. 6 figs.

Muller, R.H.; Zhang, S.

1997-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

48

Properties Investigation of Sulfonated Poly(ether ether ketone)/Polyacrylonitrile AcidBase Blend Membrane for Vanadium Redox Flow Battery Application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Acidbase blend membrane prepared from sulfonated poly(ether ether ketone) (SPEEK) and polyacrylonitrile (PAN) was detailedly evaluated for vanadium redox flow battery (VRFB) application. SPEEK/PAN blend membrane exhibited dense and homogeneous cross-...

Zhaohua Li; Wenjing Dai; Lihong Yu; Le Liu; Jingyu Xi; Xinping Qiu; Liquan Chen

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

49

Battery Power for Your Residential Solar Electric System: Better Buildings Series Solar Electric Fact Sheet  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ELECTRIC ELECTRIC Battery Power for Your Residential Solar Electric System A Winning Combination-Design, Efficiency, and Solar Technology A battery bank stores electricity produced by a solar electric system. If your house is not connected to the utility grid, or if you antici- pate long power outages from the grid, you will need a battery bank. This fact sheet pro- vides an overview of battery basics, including information to help you select and maintain your battery bank. Types of Batteries There are many types of batteries avail- able, and each type is designed for specific applications. Lead-acid batteries have been used for residential solar electric systems for many years and are still the best choice for this application because of their low mainte- nance requirements and cost. You may

50

Nuclear batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nuclear batteries ... Describes the structure, operation, and application of nuclear batteries. ... Nuclear / Radiochemistry ...

Alfred B. Garrett

1956-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Fact Sheet: Grid-Scale Energy Storage Demonstration Using UltraBattery Technology (October 2012)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

East Penn Manufacturing East Penn Manufacturing American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) Grid-Scale Energy Storage Demonstration Using UltraBattery ® Technology Demonstrating new lead-acid battery and capacitor energy storage technology to improve grid performance East Penn Manufacturing, through its subsidiary Ecoult, has designed and constructed an energy storage facility consisting of an array of UltraBattery ® modules integrated in a turnkey battery energy storage system. The UltraBattery ® technology is a significant breakthrough in lead-acid energy storage technology. It is a hybrid device containing both an ultracapacitor and a battery in a common electrolyte, providing significant advantages over traditional energy storage devices. The system is selling up to 3 MW of frequency regulation to PJM Interconnection's grid.

52

Study of the Ce3+/Ce4+ Redox Couple in Mixed-Acid Media (CH3SO3H and H2SO4) for Redox Flow Battery Application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Study of the Ce3+/Ce4+ Redox Couple in Mixed-Acid Media (CH3SO3H and H2SO4) for Redox Flow Battery Application ... The present paper first reports a kind of supporting electrolyte, mixed-acid media (CH3SO3H and H2SO4), used in redox flow battery (RFB) technology. ... Redox flow battery (RFB) technology(1, 2) has received wide attention in the application for renewable energy storage systems. ...

Zhipeng Xie; Fengjiao Xiong; Debi Zhou

2011-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

53

Status and evaluation of hybrid electric vehicle batteries for short term applications. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this task is to compile information regarding batteries which could be use for electric cars or hybrid vehicles in the short term. More specifically, this study applies lead-acid batteries and nickel-cadmium battery technologies which are more developed than the advanced batteries which are presently being investigated under USABC contracts and therefore more accessible in production efficiency and economies of scale. Moreover, the development of these batteries has advanced the state-of-the-art not only in terms of performance and energy density but also in cost reduction. The survey of lead-acid battery development took the biggest part of the effort, since they are considered more apt to be used in the short-term. Companies pursuing the advancement of lead-acid batteries were not necessarily the major automobile battery manufacturers. Innovation is found more in small or new companies. Other battery systems for short-term are discussed in the last part of this report. We will review the various technologies investigated, their status and prognosis for success in the short term.

Himy, A. [Westinghouse Electric Co., Pittsburgh, PA (United States). Machinery Technology Div.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Lead  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

topic topic Lead 8:00 AM 8:15 AM Welcome and Webinar Rules Maloy 8:15 AM 8:30 AM NE Materials Introduction Lesica 8:30 AM 9:00 AM Advanced Reactor Concepts Sham 9:00 AM 9:30 AM SMR Corwin 9:30 AM 10:00 AM VHTR Materials Wright 10:00 AM 10:15 AM Coffee Break 10:15 AM 10:45 AM Fuel Cycle Research and Development Maloy 10:45 AM 11:15 AM LWR Sustainability Busby 11:15 AM 11:45 AM Summary/Discussion All Discussion topic - Development of Advanced ODS alloys Lead 8:00 AM 8:15 AM Welcome and Webinar Rules Maloy 8:15 AM 8:30 AM Advanced Materials for Fast Reactor Core Materials Maloy 8:30 AM 9:00 AM High Dose MA-957 testing Toloczko 9:00 AM 9:30 AM FCRD ODS Material Development- FCRD-NFA1 Hoelzer 9:30 AM 10:00 AM NFA Processing Odette 10:00 AM 10:15 AM Coffee Break 10:15 AM 10:45 AM 9Cr ODS Material Development Byun 10:45 AM

55

Quadratic voltage profiles in lead acid cells during slow, steady processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is standard lore that the voltage profile varies linearly in space within the electrolyte of a lead acid cell under slow, steady discharge. However, this hypothesis has never been put to the test. A recent theory predicts a uniform, non...

Haaser, Robert Anthony

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Fact Sheet: Grid-Scale Energy Storage Demonstration Using UltraBattery  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Grid-Scale Energy Storage Demonstration Using Grid-Scale Energy Storage Demonstration Using UltraBattery Technology (October 2012) Fact Sheet: Grid-Scale Energy Storage Demonstration Using UltraBattery Technology (October 2012) East Penn Manufacturing, through its subsidary Ecoult, has designed and constructed an energy storage facility consisting of an array of UltraBattery modules integrated in a turnkey battery energy storage system. The UltraBattery technology is a significant breakthrough in lead-acid energy storage technology. It is a hybrid device containing both an ultracapacitor and a battery in a common electrolyte, providing significant advantages over traditional energy storage devices. Fact Sheet: Grid-Scale Energy Storage Demonstration Using UltraBattery Technology (October 2012) More Documents & Publications

57

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Flow Battery Membrane - David Ofer, Tiax  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Flow Battery Membrane Flow Battery Membrane Energy Storage Systems Program (ESS) Peer Review and Update Meeting 2012 Jack Treger treger.jack@tiaxllc.com Washington DC, September 27, 2012 Flow Battery Membrane Background and Purpose 1 Vanadium redox batteries (VRB) for energy storage require improved ion- selective membranes. * Vanadium permeation across current membranes leads to self-discharge and decreases cycling efficiency: - Negative half cell: V 2+ V 3+ + e - E o = -0.255V - Positive half cell: e - + VO 2 + + 2H + VO 2+ + H 2 O E o = 1.00V . * Current perfluorosulfonic acid polymer membranes are costly. * TIAX is developing a novel composite bipolar membrane: - Composite anionic membrane minimizes content of costly perfluorosulfonic acid polymer - Made bipolar by a cationic surface layer to improve selectivity for

58

Battery paste compositions and electrochemical cells for use therewith  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An improved battery paste composition and a lead-acid electrochemical cell which incorporates the composition are disclosed. The cell includes a positive current collector and a negative current collector which are each coated with a paste containing one or more lead-containing compositions and a paste vehicle to form a positive plate and a negative plate. An absorbent electrolyte-containing separator member may also be positioned between the positive and negative plates. The paste on the positive current collector, the negative current collector, or both further includes a special additive consisting of polyvinyl sulfonic acid or salts thereof which provides many benefits including improved battery cycle life, increased charge capacity, and enhanced overall stability. The additive also makes the pastes smoother and more adhesive, thereby improving the paste application process. The paste compositions of interest may be used in conventional flat-plate cells or in spirally wound batteries with equal effectiveness. 2 figs.

Olson, J.B.

1999-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

59

Batteries: Overview of Battery Cathodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

insertion reactions. For Li-ion battery materials, it refersis widespread throughout the Li-ion battery literature, thisthe chemistry of the Li-ion battery is not fixed, unlike the

Doeff, Marca M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

EaglePicher Horizon Batteries LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EaglePicher Horizon Batteries LLC EaglePicher Horizon Batteries LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name EaglePicher Horizon Batteries, LLC Place Dearborn, Michigan Zip MI 48126 Product Joint Venture developing, manufacturing and distributing a breakthrough, high performance sealed lead-acid battery. Coordinates 39.520064°, -94.770486° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.520064,"lon":-94.770486,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lead acid battery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Interactions between LeadZirconate Titanate, Polyacrylic Acid, and Polyvinyl Butyral in Ethanol and Their Influence on Electrophoretic Deposition Behavior  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Interactions between LeadZirconate Titanate, Polyacrylic Acid, and Polyvinyl Butyral in Ethanol and Their Influence on Electrophoretic Deposition Behavior ... Anionic polyelectrolytes, such as a poly(acrylic acid) (PAA), are widely used as the dispersants of ceramic powder in aqueous media. ...

Danjela Kuscer; Tina Bakari?; Bojan Kozlev?ar; Marija Kosec

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Battery and charge controller evaluations in small stand-alone PV systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the results of to separate long-term tests of batteries and charge controllers in small stand-alone PV systems. In these experiments, seven complete systems were tested for two years at each of two locations: Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque and the Florida Solar Energy Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida. Each system contained a PV array, flooded-lead-acid battery, a charge controller and a resistive load. Performance of the systems was strongly influenced by the difference in solar irradiance at the two sites, with some batteries at Sandia exceeding manufacturer`s predictions for cycle life. System performance was strongly correlated with regulation reconnect voltage (R{sup 2} correlation coefficient = 0.95) but only weakly correlated with regulation voltage. We will also discuss details of system performance, battery lifetime and battery water consumption.

Woodworth, J.R.; Thomas, M.G.; Stevens, J.W. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Dunlop, J.L.; Swamy, M.R.; Demetrius, L. [Florida Solar Energy Center, Cape Canaveral, FL (United States); Harrington, S.R. [K-Tech Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Boosting batteries | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Boosting batteries Boosting batteries Broad use possible for lithium-silicon batteries Findings could pave the way for widespread adoption of lithium ion batteries for applications...

64

Optimal economy-based battery degradation management dynamics for fuel-cell plug-in hybrid electric vehicles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This work analyses the economical dynamics of an optimized battery degradation management strategy intended for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) with consideration given to low-cost technologies, such as lead-acid batteries. The optimal management algorithm described herein is based on discrete dynamic programming theory (DDP) and was designed for the purpose of PHEV battery degradation management; its operation relies on simulation models using data obtained experimentally on a physical PHEV platform. These tools are first used to define an optimal management strategy according to the economical weights of PHEV battery degradation and the secondary energy carriers spent to manage its deleterious effects. We then conduct a sensitivity study of the proposed optimization process to the fluctuating economic parameters associated with the fuel and energy costs involved in the degradation management process. Results demonstrate the influence of each parameter on the process's response, including daily total operating costs and expected battery lifetime, as well as establish boundaries for useful application of the method; in addition, they provide a case for the relevance of inexpensive battery technologies, such as lead-acid batteries, for economy-centric PHEV applications where battery degradation is a major concern.

Franois Martel; Sousso Kelouwani; Yves Dub; Kodjo Agbossou

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

E-Print Network 3.0 - acids lead salts Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

-Partial list Chemical Incompatibilities Summary: hypochlorite, all oxidizing agents Carbon tetrachloride Sodium Chlorates Ammonium salts, acids, powdered metals... ammonium...

66

Life-cycle energy analyses of electric vehicle storage batteries. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The results of several life-cycle energy analyses of prospective electric vehicle batteries are presented. The batteries analyzed were: Nickel-zinc; Lead-acid; Nickel-iron; Zinc-chlorine; Sodium-sulfur (glass electrolyte); Sodium-sulfur (ceramic electrolyte); Lithium-metal sulfide; and Aluminum-air. A life-cycle energy analysis consists of evaluating the energy use of all phases of the battery's life, including the energy to build it, operate it, and any credits that may result from recycling of the materials in it. The analysis is based on the determination of three major energy components in the battery life cycle: Investment energy, i.e., The energy used to produce raw materials and to manufacture the battery; operational energy i.e., The energy consumed by the battery during its operational life. In the case of an electric vehicle battery, this energy is the energy required (as delivered to the vehicle's charging circuit) to power the vehicle for 100,000 miles; and recycling credit, i.e., The energy that could be saved from the recycling of battery materials into new raw materials. The value of the life-cycle analysis approach is that it includes the various penalties and credits associated with battery production and recycling, which enables a more accurate determination of the system's ability to reduce the consumption of scarce fuels. The analysis of the life-cycle energy requirements consists of identifying the materials from which each battery is made, evaluating the energy needed to produce these materials, evaluating the operational energy requirements, and evaluating the amount of materials that could be recycled and the energy that would be saved through recycling. Detailed descriptions of battery component materials, the energy requirements for battery production, and credits for recycling, and the operational energy for an electric vehicle, and the procedures used to determine it are discussed.

Sullivan, D; Morse, T; Patel, P; Patel, S; Bondar, J; Taylor, L

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Axion Battery Products Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Inc Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Axion Battery Products Inc Place Woodbridge, Ontario, Canada Zip L4L 5Y9 Product Subsidiary of Axion Power International, which is to run three lead acid battery fabrication lines. Coordinates 38.660595°, -77.247875° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.660595,"lon":-77.247875,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

68

E-Print Network 3.0 - acid mmaiii leads Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A catalyst-screening study on the decomposition reaction of glucose... and 5- hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) to levulinic acid (LA), an interesting green platform chemical Source:...

69

EMSL - batteries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

batteries en Magnesium behavior and structural defects in Mg+ ion implanted silicon carbide. http:www.emsl.pnl.govemslwebpublicationsmagnesium-behavior-and-structural-defects-...

70

Batteries: Overview of Battery Cathodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

materials, although electro-active compounds containing these metals exist. Todays technologically important cathodesactive field. Characteristics of battery cathode materials

Doeff, Marca M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Battery evaluation methods and results for stationary applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Evaluation of flooded lead-acid, Valve Regulated Lead-Acid (VRLA), and advanced batteries is being performed in the power sources testing labs at Sandia National Laboratories (SNL). These independent, objective tests using computer-controlled testers capable of simulating application-specific test regimes provide critical data for the assessment of the status of these technologies. Several different charge/discharge cycling regimes are performed. Constant current and constant power discharge tests are conducted to verify capacity and measure degradation. A utility test is imposed on some units which consists of partial depths of discharge (pulsed constant power) cycles simulating a frequency regulation operating mode, with a periodic complete discharge simulating a spinning reserve test. This test profile was developed and scaled based on operating information from the Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority (PREPA) 20 MW battery energy storage system. Another test conducted at SNL is a photovoltaic battery life cycle test, which is a partial depth of discharge test (constant current) with infrequent complete recharges that simulates the operation of renewable energy systems. This test profile provides renewable system designers with critical battery performance data representative of field conditions. This paper will describe the results of these tests to date, and include analysis and conclusions.

Butler, P.C.; Crow, J.T.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

KAir Battery  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

KAir Battery, from Ohio State University, is commercializing highly energy efficient cost-effective potassium air batteries for use in the electrical stationary storage systems market (ESSS). Beyond, the ESSS market potential applications range from temporary power stations and electric vehicle.

73

A statistical analysis of lead concentrations in human lung samples  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

has been recognized for many years, it is still widely used in commercial products such as insecticides, paint pigments, glazed pottery, storage batteries, and as an automobile gasoline additive. The symptoms of overt lead intoxication... is characteristic of the action of lead in physiological The citations on the following pages follow the style of Archives of Environmental Health. systems. The active site of this enzyme is actually lipoic acid, a coenzyme bound to the enzyme by a peptide...

Stringer, Claude Allen

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

74

NAS battery demonstration at American Electric Power:a study for the DOE energy storage program.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The first U.S. demonstration of the NGK sodium/sulfur battery technology was launched in August 2002 when a prototype system was installed at a commercial office building in Gahanna, Ohio. American Electric Power served as the host utility that provided the office space and technical support throughout the project. The system was used to both reduce demand peaks (peak-shaving operation) and to mitigate grid power disturbances (power quality operation) at the demonstration site. This report documents the results of the demonstration, provides an economic analysis of a commercial sodium/sulfur battery energy storage system at a typical site, and describes a side-by-side demonstration of the capabilities of the sodium/sulfur battery system, a lead-acid battery system, and a flywheel-based energy storage system in a power quality application.

Newmiller, Jeff (Endecon Engineering, San Ramon, CA); Norris, Benjamin L. (Norris Energy Consulting Company, Martinez, CA); Peek, Georgianne Huff

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Failure Analysis of Power Battery Under High Environment Temperatures in Impact Test  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The impact tests of the power battery were performed at 40 and 65C ... circuit, the heat can accumulate inside the battery, and those accumulated heat can lead to thermal runaway and even battery burning and ex...

Hongwei Wang; Haiqing Xiao; Yanling Fu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Batteries: Overview of Battery Cathodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Titanates as High-Energy Cathode Materials for Li-IonI, Amine K (2009) High Energy Cathode Material for Long-LifeA New Cathode Material for Batteries of High Energy Density.

Doeff, Marca M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Three-Dimensional Metal Scaffold Supported Bicontinuous Silicon Battery Anodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Three-Dimensional Metal Scaffold Supported Bicontinuous Silicon Battery Anodes Huigang Zhang Supporting Information ABSTRACT: Silicon-based lithium ion battery anodes are attracting significant during cycling generally leads to anode pulverization unless the silicon is dispersed throughout a matrix

Braun, Paul

78

Graphene-Based Composite Anodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Graphene has emerged as a novel, highly promising ... . As an anode material for lithium-ion batteries, it was shown that it cannot be ... cycling that leads to the failure of the batteries. To resolve this probl...

Nathalie Lavoie; Fabrice M. Courtel

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Sealed feed-through for a wall in an alkaline battery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The sealed feed-through interconnects two cells of an alkaline storage battery (eg. for an electrically propelled car) by passing through a wall of the battery. The battery includes a monobloc casing of plastic material defining at least two battery cell compartments which are separated by said wall, and said wall has an orifice for receiving the feed-through. The feed-through comprises a first portion for electrical connection to electrodes of a first polarity in a first one of the cells and a second portion for electrical connection to electrodes of opposite polarity in the other cell. In an alkaline battery, conventional welding techniques for making such feed-throughs in lead-acid batteries are not applicable because metals such as nickel steel must be used instead of lead. The resulting welding temperature would destroy the plastic wall. Instead, the first and second portions include interfitting male and female portions suitable for passing through said orifice from opposite sides thereof and for engaging each other in a force fit. Respective skirts surround said interfitting portions and serve to compress at least one deformable sealing member around the orifice. Stops are provided to prevent the wall being crushed when the feed-through portions are forced together.

Bellis, L.; Prokopp, R.

1984-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

80

Vehicle Technologies Office: Batteries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Batteries to someone by Batteries to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Batteries on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Batteries on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Batteries on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Batteries on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Batteries on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Batteries on AddThis.com... Just the Basics Hybrid & Vehicle Systems Energy Storage Batteries Battery Systems Applied Battery Research Long-Term Exploratory Research Ultracapacitors Advanced Power Electronics & Electrical Machines Advanced Combustion Engines Fuels & Lubricants Materials Technologies Batteries battery/cell diagram Battery/Cell Diagram Batteries are important to our everyday lives and show up in various

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lead acid battery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Battery Stack-on Process Improvement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Imagine yourself in a job in which you stack 10,000 batteries onto a conveyor for eight hours. Each battery weighs about 22 pounds. The work is completed in an acidic environment where temperatures can peak in the summer as high as 100 degrees...

Watkins, Robert E.

2011-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

82

Batteries: Overview of Battery Cathodes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The very high theoretical capacity of lithium (3829 mAh/g) provided a compelling rationale from the 1970's onward for development of rechargeable batteries employing the elemental metal as an anode. The realization that some transition metal compounds undergo reductive lithium intercalation reactions reversibly allowed use of these materials as cathodes in these devices, most notably, TiS{sub 2}. Another intercalation compound, LiCoO{sub 2}, was described shortly thereafter but, because it was produced in the discharged state, was not considered to be of interest by battery companies at the time. Due to difficulties with the rechargeability of lithium and related safety concerns, however, alternative anodes were sought. The graphite intercalation compound (GIC) LiC{sub 6} was considered an attractive candidate but the high reactivity with commonly used electrolytic solutions containing organic solvents was recognized as a significant impediment to its use. The development of electrolytes that allowed the formation of a solid electrolyte interface (SEI) on surfaces of the carbon particles was a breakthrough that enabled commercialization of Li-ion batteries. In 1990, Sony announced the first commercial batteries based on a dual Li ion intercalation system. These devices are assembled in the discharged state, so that it is convenient to employ a prelithiated cathode such as LiCoO{sub 2} with the commonly used graphite anode. After charging, the batteries are ready to power devices. The practical realization of high energy density Li-ion batteries revolutionized the portable electronics industry, as evidenced by the widespread market penetration of mobile phones, laptop computers, digital music players, and other lightweight devices since the early 1990s. In 2009, worldwide sales of Li-ion batteries for these applications alone were US$ 7 billion. Furthermore, their performance characteristics (Figure 1) make them attractive for traction applications such as hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), and electric vehicles (EVs); a market predicted to be potentially ten times greater than that of consumer electronics. In fact, only Liion batteries can meet the requirements for PHEVs as set by the U.S. Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC), although they still fall slightly short of EV goals. In the case of Li-ion batteries, the trade-off between power and energy shown in Figure 1 is a function both of device design and the electrode materials that are used. Thus, a high power battery (e.g., one intended for an HEV) will not necessarily contain the same electrode materials as one designed for high energy (i.e., for an EV). As is shown in Figure 1, power translates into acceleration, and energy into range, or miles traveled, for vehicular uses. Furthermore, performance, cost, and abuse-tolerance requirements for traction batteries differ considerably from those for consumer electronics batteries. Vehicular applications are particularly sensitive to cost; currently, Li-ion batteries are priced at about $1000/kWh, whereas the USABC goal is $150/kWh. The three most expensive components of a Li-ion battery, no matter what the configuration, are the cathode, the separator, and the electrolyte. Reduction of cost has been one of the primary driving forces for the investigation of new cathode materials to replace expensive LiCoO{sub 2}, particularly for vehicular applications. Another extremely important factor is safety under abuse conditions such as overcharge. This is particularly relevant for the large battery packs intended for vehicular uses, which are designed with multiple cells wired in series arrays. Premature failure of one cell in a string may cause others to go into overcharge during passage of current. These considerations have led to the development of several different types of cathode materials, as will be covered in the next section. Because there is not yet one ideal material that can meet requirements for all applications, research into cathodes for Li-ion batteries is, as of this writ

Doeff, Marca M

2010-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

83

Alloys of clathrate allotropes for rechargeable batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present disclosure is directed at an electrode for a battery wherein the electrode comprises clathrate alloys of silicon, germanium or tin. In method form, the present disclosure is directed at methods of forming clathrate alloys of silicon, germanium or tin which methods lead to the formation of empty cage structures suitable for use as electrodes in rechargeable type batteries.

Chan, Candace K; Miller, Michael A; Chan, Kwai S

2014-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

84

Metal-Air Batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Metal-air batteries have much higher specific energies than most currently available primary and rechargeable batteries. Recent advances in electrode materials and electrolytes, as well as new designs on metal-air batteries, have attracted intensive effort in recent years, especially in the development of lithium-air batteries. The general principle in metal-air batteries will be reviewed in this chapter. The materials, preparation methods, and performances of metal-air batteries will be discussed. Two main metal-air batteries, Zn-air and Li-air batteries will be discussed in detail. Other type of metal-air batteries will also be described.

Zhang, Jiguang; Bruce, Peter G.; Zhang, Gregory

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Battery business boost  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... year, A123 formed deals with the US car manufacturer Chrysler to make batteries for its electric cars. Other applications for A123 products include batteries for portable power tools and huge batteries ... batteries are not yet developed enough to be considered for use in its Prius hybrid electric car, preferring instead to keep using nickel metal hydride batteries. ...

Katharine Sanderson

2009-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

86

EV Everywhre Grand Challenge - Battery Status and Cost Reduction...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EV Everywhere Grand Challenge Battery Status and Cost Reduction Prospects July 26, 2012 David Howell Team Lead, Hybrid & Electric Systems Vehicle Technologies Program U.S....

87

Comparison of the environmental impact of five electric vehicle battery technologies using LCA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The environmental assessment of various electric vehicle battery technologies (lead-acid, nickel-cadmium, nickel-metal hydride, sodium nickel-chloride, and lithium-ion) was performed in the context of the European end-of-life vehicles directive (2000/53/EC). An environmental single-score based on a life-cycle approach, was allocated to each of the studied battery technologies through the combined use of the Simapro software and of the life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) method Eco-indicator 99. The allocation of a single-score enables determining which battery technology is to be used preferably in electric vehicles and to indicate how to further improve the overall environmental friendliness of electric vehicles in the future.

Julien Matheys; Jean-Marc Timmermans; Joeri Van Mierlo; Sandrine Meyer; Peter Van den Bossche

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Battery Safety Testing  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

mechanical modeling battery crash worthiness for USCAR Abuse tolerance evaluation of cells, batteries, and systems Milestones Demonstrate improved abuse tolerant cells and...

89

Study of the Secondary Benefits of the ZEV Mandate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

metal hydride and lithium batteries -- Electrochemical capacitors (ultracapacitors) -- Pulse power batteries -- Improved lead-acid batteries -- Zinc-air batteries --

Burke, Andrew; Kurani, Ken; Kenney, E.J.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Applications of porous electrodes to metal-ion removal and the design of battery systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This dissertation treats the use of porous electrodes as electrochemical reactors for the removal of dilute metal ions. A methodology for the scale-up of porous electrodes used in battery applications is given. Removal of 4 ..mu..g Pb/cc in 1 M sulfuric acid was investigated in atmospheric and high-pressure, flow-through porous reactors. The atmospheric reactor used a reticulated vitreous carbon porous bed coated in situ with a mercury film. Best results show 98% removal of lead from the feed stream. Results are summarized in a dimensionless plot of Sherwood number vs Peclet number. High-pressure, porous-electrode experiments were performed to investigate the effect of pressure on the current efficiency. Pressures were varied up to 120 bar on electrode beds of copper or lead-coated spheres. The copper spheres showed high hydrogen evolution rates which inhibited lead deposition, even at high cathodic overpotentials. Use of lead spheres inhibited hydrogen evolution but often resulted in the formation of lead sulfate layers; these layers were difficult to reduce back to lead. Experimental data of one-dimensional porous battery electrodes are combined with a model for the current collector and cell connectors to predict ultimate specific energy and maximum specific power for complete battery systems. Discharge behavior of the plate as a whole is first presented as a function of depth of discharge. These results are combined with the voltage and weight penalties of the interconnecting bus and post, positive and negative active material, cell container, etc. to give specific results for the lithium-aluminum/iron sulfide high-temperature battery. Subject to variation is the number of positive electrodes, grid conductivity, minimum current-collector weight, and total delivered capacity. The battery can be optimized for maximum energy or power, or a compromise design may be selected.

Trost, G.G.

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

The role of starter peptidases in the initial proteolytic events leading to amino acids in Gouda cheese  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The initial proteolytic steps in Gouda cheese leading to amino acid nitrogen (AN) have been found to reflect the essential action of the cell-bound, cell-envelope proteinase (CEP) of lactococci on the primary product of chymosin action on ?s1-casein, fragment 123 (?s1-CN(f123)) as observed in vitro under cheese conditions. In the absence of CEP, ?s1-CN(f123) accumulates in cheese and the production of AN falls. In such a cheese, only a slow conversion of ?s1-CN(f123), catalysed by an intracellular endopeptidase, could be detected. In the presence of CEP, the early appearance in cheese of products of the action of this endopeptidase indicates significant early lysis of cells. The distinct specific actions of different types of CEP, characteristic of different lactococcal strains, on ?s1-CN(f123) in vitro are also recognized in cheese and therefore CEP may be expected to direct further proteolysis to some extent. Increasing salt concentration in the cheese moisture does not influence initial ?s1-casein conversion but inhibits the subsequent conversion of ?s1-CN(f24199), as well as AN production in cheese significantly. Dehydration of the rind additionally influences proteolysis negatively. The importance of initial ?s1-casein conversion and degradation of ?s1-CN(f123) for the development of flavour in cheese is discussed.

Fred A. Exterkate; Arno C. Alting

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Safety Hazards of Batteries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Safety Hazards of Batteries Safety Hazards of Batteries Battery technology is at the heart of much of our technological revolution. One of the most prevalent rechargeable batteries in use today is the Lithium-ion battery. Cell phones, laptop computers, GPS systems, iPods, and even cars are now using lithium- ion rechargeable battery technology. In fact, you probably have a lithium-ion battery in your pocket or purse right now! Although lithium-ion batteries are very common there are some inherent dangers when using ANY battery. Lithium cells are like any other technology - if they are abused and not used for their intended purpose catastrophic results may occur, such as: first-, second-, and third-degree burns, respiratory problems, fires, explosions, and even death. Please handle the lithium-ion batteries with care and respect.

93

Optima Batteries | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Optima Batteries Jump to: navigation, search Name: Optima Batteries Place: Milwaukee, WI Website: http:www.optimabatteries.com References: Optima Batteries1 Information About...

94

Graphene-enhanced hybrid phase change materials for thermal management of Li-ion batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Graphene-enhanced hybrid phase change materials for thermal management of Li-ion batteries incorporation leads to significant decrease in the temperature rise in Li-ion batteries. Graphene leads September 2013 Keywords: Battery Thermal management Graphene Phase change material a b s t r a c t Li

95

Electrolytes for lithium ion batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A family of electrolytes for use in a lithium ion battery. The genus of electrolytes includes ketone-based solvents, such as, 2,4-dimethyl-3-pentanone; 3,3-dimethyl 2-butanone(pinacolone) and 2-butanone. These solvents can be used in combination with non-Lewis Acid salts, such as Li.sub.2[B.sub.12F.sub.12] and LiBOB.

Vaughey, John; Jansen, Andrew N.; Dees, Dennis W.

2014-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

96

Characterizing the early stages of electrochemical phase formation of lead sulfate films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A semiquantitative evaluation of lead sulfate film formation on lead in sulfuric acid solution was done by current-time transient studies. The effects of acid concentration, potential, and expander are explored. Crucial parameters of film formation and passivation are identified which could be used for selection of an electrolyte concentration as well as screening of expanders and their concentration for lead-acid battery negative plate operation.The mechanism of formation of Pb{sup 2+} (PbSO{sub 4}) from lead was confirmed to involve two, one-electron, steps; the second electron transfer being the rate-determining step. Expanders do not affect the Tafel slope but favor the mechanism through dissolution-precipitation mode. The kinetics of lead-sulfate formation do not follow any of the reported/known models. The dissolution-precipitation model coupled with nucleation and a growth model/theory is indicated.

Murugan, K.; Vanmathi, G.; Rangarajan, S.K. [Central Electrochemical Research Inst., Karaikudi (India)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Implications of Rapid Charging and Chemo-Mechanical Degradation in Lithium-Ion Battery Electrodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Li-ion batteries, owing to their unique characteristics with high power and energy density, are broadly considered a leading candidate for vehicle electrification. A pivotal performance drawback of the Li-ion batteries manifests in the lengthy...

Hasan, Mohammed Fouad

2014-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

98

Development of a Reverse Logistics Performance Measurement System for a Battery Manufacturer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this contribution, the case of a leading Lead Acid Battery manufacturer in India is studied with respect to the essential reverse logistics operations of the company, due to the statutory requirements regarding toxic components in the product. The critical parameters are ascertained by a methodology interviews with the company's management and further consolidated using the taxonomy as suggested by the Balanced Scorecard approach. Then, a performance measurement system vis--vis the industry benchmark, over a sustained period, is proposed, using Fuzzy Analytical Hierarchical Process.

Milind Bansia; Jayson K. Varkey; Saurabh Agrawal

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Transformative Battery Technology at the National Labs | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Transformative Battery Technology at the National Labs Transformative Battery Technology at the National Labs Transformative Battery Technology at the National Labs January 17, 2012 - 10:45am Addthis Vince Battaglia leads a behind-the-scenes tour of Berkeley Lab's Batteries for Advanced Transportation Technologies Program where researchers aim to improve batteries upon which the range, efficiency, and power of tomorrow's electric cars will depend. Michael Hess Michael Hess Former Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What are the key facts? Berkeley's Batteries for Advanced Transportation Technologies Program is developing lithium-ion technology to power a vehicle for 300 miles. Lithium-sulfur and lithium-air are "unknown known" technologies for the future of electric vehicle batteries.

100

Transformative Battery Technology at the National Labs | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Transformative Battery Technology at the National Labs Transformative Battery Technology at the National Labs Transformative Battery Technology at the National Labs January 17, 2012 - 10:45am Addthis Vince Battaglia leads a behind-the-scenes tour of Berkeley Lab's Batteries for Advanced Transportation Technologies Program where researchers aim to improve batteries upon which the range, efficiency, and power of tomorrow's electric cars will depend. Michael Hess Michael Hess Former Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What are the key facts? Berkeley's Batteries for Advanced Transportation Technologies Program is developing lithium-ion technology to power a vehicle for 300 miles. Lithium-sulfur and lithium-air are "unknown known" technologies for the future of electric vehicle batteries.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lead acid battery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Modeling & Simulation - Batteries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Production of Batteries for Electric and Hybrid Vehicles Production of Batteries for Electric and Hybrid Vehicles battery assessment graph Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries are currently being implemented in hybrid electric (HEV), plug-in hybrid electric (PHEV), and electric (EV) vehicles. While nickel metal-hydride will continue to be the battery chemistry of choice for some HEV models, Li-ion will be the dominate battery chemistry of the remaining market share for the near-future. Large government incentives are currently necessary for customer acceptance of the vehicles such as the Chevrolet Volt and Nissan Leaf. Understanding the parameters that control the cost of Li-ion will help researchers and policy makers understand the potential of Li-ion batteries to meet battery energy density and cost goals, thus enabling widespread adoption without incentives.

102

Batteries and Fuel Cells  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collage of electric cars, plug, battery research lab Collage of electric cars, plug, battery research lab Batteries and Fuel Cells EETD researchers study the basic science and development of advanced batteries and fuel cells for transportation, electric grid storage, and other stationary applications. This research is aimed at developing more environmentally friendly technologies for generating and storing energy, including better batteries and fuel cells. Li-Ion and Other Advanced Battery Technologies Research conducted here on battery technology is aimed at developing low-cost rechargeable advanced electrochemical batteries for both automotive and stationary applications. The goal of fuel cell research is to provide the technologies for the successful commercialization of polymer-electrolyte and solid oxide fuel

103

Battery cell feedthrough apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A compact, hermetic feedthrough apparatus is described comprising interfitting sleeve portions constructed of chemically-stable materials to permit unique battery designs and increase battery life and performance. 8 figs.

Kaun, T.D.

1995-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

104

Batteries and Fuel Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A battery is a device which can store chemical energy and, on demand, convert it into electrical energy to drive an external circuit. The importance of batteries to modern life surely requires no emphasis. Eve...

Derek Pletcher

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Batteries and fuel cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A battery is a device which can store chemical energy and, on demand, convert it into electrical energy to drive an external circuit. The importance of batteries to modern life surely requires no emphasis. Eve...

Derek Pletcher; Frank C. Walsh

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Test and evaluation of the Chloride Spegel S1P108/30 electric vehicle battery charger  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Chloride Spegel Model S1P108/30 electric vehicle battery charger was tested by the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) as an account of work sponsored by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI). Charger input/output voltage, current, and power characteristics and input waveform distortion were measured; and induced electromagnetic interference was evaluated as the charger recharged a lead-acid battery pack. Electrical quantities were measured with precision volt-ampere-watt meters, frequency counters, a digital-storage oscilloscope, and a spectrum analyzer. THe Chloride charger required 8.5 hours to recharge a 216V tubular plate lead-acid battery from 100 percent depth of discharge (DOD). Energy efficiency was 83 percent, specific power was 37.4 W/kg (17.0 W/lb), input current distortion varied from 22.4 to 34.1 percent, and electromagnetic interference was observed on AM radio. Tests were conducted with the battery at initial DOD of 100, 75, 50, and 25 percent. Charge factor was 1.14 from 100-percent DOD, increasing to 1.39 from 25-percent DOD.

Driggans, R.L.; Keller, A.S.

1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Effect of fulvic acids on lead-induced oxidative stress to metal sensitive Vicia faba L. plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lead (Pb) is a ubiquitous environmental pollutant capable to induce various morphological, physiological, and biochemical functions in plants. Only few publications focus on the influence of Pb speciation both...

Muhammad Shahid; Camille Dumat; Jrme Silvestre

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Flow Battery System Design for Manufacturability.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Flow battery energy storage systems can support renewable energy generation and increase energy efficiency. But, presently, the costs of flow battery energy storage systems can be a significant barrier for large-scale market penetration. For cost- effective systems to be produced, it is critical to optimize the selection of materials and components simultaneously with the adherence to requirements and manufacturing processes to allow these batteries and their manufacturers to succeed in the market by reducing costs to consumers. This report analyzes performance, safety, and testing requirements derived from applicable regulations as well as commercial and military standards that would apply to a flow battery energy storage system. System components of a zinc-bromine flow battery energy storage system, including the batteries, inverters, and control and monitoring system, are discussed relative to manufacturing. The issues addressed include costs and component availability and lead times. A service and support model including setup, maintenance and transportation is outlined, along with a description of the safety-related features of the example flow battery energy storage system to promote regulatory and environmental, safety, and health compliance in anticipation of scale manufacturing.

Montoya, Tracy Louise; Meacham, Paul Gregory; Perry, David; Broyles, Robin S.; Hickey, Steven; Hernandez, Jacquelynne

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Modeling the overcharge process of VRLA batteries , G.Q. Wang, C.Y. Wang*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-phase, electrochemical and thermal coupled model is developed for valve-regulated lead�acid (VRLA) batteries. Physical process with the battery model so that one can predict both electrochemical and thermal behaviors underModeling the overcharge process of VRLA batteries W.B. Gu1 , G.Q. Wang, C.Y. Wang* Department

110

Ashfia Huq Lead Scientist: POWGEN Spallation Neutron Source  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

do for characterizing battery materials? Ashfia Huq Lead Scientist: POWGEN Spallation Neutron Source Oak Ridge National Laboratory 2 Presentation name Outline of talk * An...

111

The Science of Battery Degradation.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents work that was performed under the Laboratory Directed Research and Development project, Science of Battery Degradation. The focus of this work was on the creation of new experimental and theoretical approaches to understand atomistic mechanisms of degradation in battery electrodes that result in loss of electrical energy storage capacity. Several unique approaches were developed during the course of the project, including the invention of a technique based on ultramicrotoming to cross-section commercial scale battery electrodes, the demonstration of scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (STXM) to probe lithium transport mechanisms within Li-ion battery electrodes, the creation of in-situ liquid cells to observe electrochemical reactions in real-time using both transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and STXM, the creation of an in-situ optical cell utilizing Raman spectroscopy and the application of the cell for analyzing redox flow batteries, the invention of an approach for performing ab initio simulation of electrochemical reactions under potential control and its application for the study of electrolyte degradation, and the development of an electrochemical entropy technique combined with x-ray based structural measurements for understanding origins of battery degradation. These approaches led to a number of scientific discoveries. Using STXM we learned that lithium iron phosphate battery cathodes display unexpected behavior during lithiation wherein lithium transport is controlled by nucleation of a lithiated phase, leading to high heterogeneity in lithium content at each particle and a surprising invariance of local current density with the overall electrode charging current. We discovered using in-situ transmission electron microscopy that there is a size limit to lithiation of silicon anode particles above which particle fracture controls electrode degradation. From electrochemical entropy measurements, we discovered that entropy changes little with degradation but the origin of degradation in cathodes is kinetic in nature, i.e. lower rate cycling recovers lost capacity. Finally, our modeling of electrode-electrolyte interfaces revealed that electrolyte degradation may occur by either a single or double electron transfer process depending on thickness of the solid-electrolyte- interphase layer, and this cross-over can be modeled and predicted.

Sullivan, John P; Fenton, Kyle R [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; El Gabaly Marquez, Farid; Harris, Charles Thomas [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; Hayden, Carl C.; Hudak, Nicholas [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; Jungjohann, Katherine Leigh [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; Kliewer, Christopher Jesse; Leung, Kevin [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; McDaniel, Anthony H.; Nagasubramanian, Ganesan [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; Sugar, Joshua Daniel; Talin, Albert Alec; Tenney, Craig M [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; Zavadil, Kevin R. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Performance simulation and analysis of a fuel cell/battery hybrid forklift truck  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The performance of a forklift truck powered by a hybrid system consisting of a PEM fuel cell and a lead acid battery is modeled and investigated by conducting a parametric study. Various combinations of fuel cell size and battery capacity are employed in conjunction with two distinct control strategies to study their effect on hydrogen consumption and battery state-of-charge for two drive cycles characterized by different operating speeds and forklift loads. The results show that for all case studies, the combination of a 110 cell stack with two strings of 55Ah batteries is the most economical choice for the hybrid system based on system size and hydrogen consumption. In addition, it is observed that hydrogen consumption decreases by about 24% when the maximum speed of the drive cycle is decreased from 4.5 to 3m/s. Similarly, by decreasing the forklift load from 2.5 to 1.5 ton, the hydrogen consumption decreases by over 20%.

Elham Hosseinzadeh; Masoud Rokni; Suresh G. Advani; Ajay K. Prasad

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

acid  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Acid/Pueblo Canyon, New Mexico, Site is Acid/Pueblo Canyon, New Mexico, Site is located near the town of Los Alamos, New Mexico, approximately 25 miles northwest of Santa Fe and 60 miles north-northeast of Albuquerque. The site is accessible from Canyon Road, which runs just south of the former waste treatment plant. The plant was situated on a mesa that forms the south rim of Acid Canyon. Acid Canyon is a small tributary near the head

114

High Performance Cathodes for Li-Air Batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overall objective of this project was to develop and fabricate a multifunctional cathode with high activities in acidic electrolytes for the oxygen reduction and evolution reactions for Li-air batteries. It should enable the development of Li-air batteries that operate on hybrid electrolytes, with acidic catholytes in particular. The use of hybrid electrolytes eliminates the problems of lithium reaction with water and of lithium oxide deposition in the cathode with sole organic electrolytes. The use of acid electrolytes can eliminate carbonate formation inside the cathode, making air breathing Li-air batteries viable. The tasks of the project were focused on developing hierarchical cathode structures and bifunctional catalysts. Development and testing of a prototype hybrid Li-air battery were also conducted. We succeeded in developing a hierarchical cathode structure and an effective bifunctional catalyst. We accomplished integrating the cathode with existing anode technologies and made a pouch prototype Li-air battery using sulfuric acid as catholyte. The battery cathodes contain a nanoscale multilayer structure made with carbon nanotubes and nanofibers. The structure was demonstrated to improve battery performance substantially. The bifunctional catalyst developed contains a conductive oxide support with ultra-low loading of platinum and iridium oxides. The work performed in this project has been documented in seven peer reviewed journal publications, five conference presentations, and filing of two U.S. patents. Technical details have been documented in the quarterly reports to DOE during the course of the project.

Xing, Yangchuan

2013-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

115

Batteries | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Batteries Batteries Batteries A small New York City startup is hoping it has the next big solution in energy storage. A video documents what the company's breakthrough means for the future of grid-scale energy storage. Learn more. First invented by Thomas Edison, batteries have changed a lot in the past century, but there is still work to do. Improving this type of energy storage technology will have dramatic impacts on the way Americans travel and the ability to incorporate renewable energy into the nation's electric grid. On the transportation side, the Energy Department is working to reduce the costs and weight of electric vehicle batteries while increasing their energy storage and lifespan. The Department is also supports research, development and deployment of battery technologies that would allow the

116

Batteries Breakout Session  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

capture external conditions (consumer and infrastructure) * Capture Secondary use of batteries * EV100 Primary Vehicle, felt not practical? Barriers Interfering with Reaching the...

117

Vehicle Technologies Office: Batteries  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Improving the batteries for electric drive vehicles, including hybrid electric (HEV) and plug-in electric (PEV) vehicles, is key to improving vehicles' economic, social, and environmental...

118

battery2.indd  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

High Power Battery Systems Company 5 Silkin Street, Apt. 40 Sarov, Nizhny Novgorod Russia, 607190 Alexander A. Potanin 7-(83130)-43701 (phonefax), potanin@hpbs.ru General...

119

EMSL - battery materials  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

battery-materials en Measuring Spatial Variability of Vapor Flux to Characterize Vadose-zone VOC Sources: Flow-cell Experiments. http:www.emsl.pnl.govemslwebpublications...

120

ILZRO-sponsored field data collection and analysis to determine relationships between service conditions and reliability of VRLA batteries in stationary applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although valve-regulated lead-acid (VRLA) batteries have served in stationary applications for more than a decade, proprietary concerns of battery manufacturers and users and varying approaches to record-keeping have made the data available on performance and life relatively sparse and inconsistent. Such incomplete data are particularly detrimental to understanding the cause or causes of premature capacity loss (PCL) reported in VRLA batteries after as little as two years of service. The International Lead Zinc Research Organization (ILZRO), in cooperation with Sandia National Laboratories, has initiated a multi-phase project to characterize relationships between batteries, service conditions, and failure modes; establish the degree of correlation between specific operating procedures and PCL; identify operating procedures that mitigate PCL; identify best-fits between the operating requirements of specific applications and the capabilities of specific VRLA technologies; and recommend combinations of battery design, manufacturing processes, and operating conditions that enhance VRLA performance and reliability. This paper, prepared before preliminary conclusions were possible, presents the surveys distributed to manufacturers and end-users; discusses the analytic approach; presents an overview of the responses to the surveys and trends that emerge in the early analysis of the data; and previews the functionality of the database being constructed. The presentation of this paper will include preliminary results and information regarding the follow-on workshop for the study.

Taylor, P.A. [Energetics Inc., Columbia, MD (United States); Moseley, P.T. [International Lead Zinc Research Organization, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States); Butler, P.C. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lead acid battery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

GBP Battery | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GBP Battery Place: China Product: Shenzhen-China-based maker of Li-Poly and Li-ion batteries suitable for EVs and other applications. References: GBP Battery1 This article is...

122

Non-Aqueous Battery Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...0 V. Practical non-aqueous batteries have energies extending from 100...electric watches to 20 kWh secondary batteries being developed for vehicle traction...10 years, to a military lithium thermal battery delivering all of its energy in...

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Hydroxyl-decorated graphene systems as candidates for organic metal-free ferroelectrics, multiferroics, and high-performance proton battery cathode materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using a first-principles method we show that graphene based materials, functionalized with hydroxyl groups, constitute a class of multifunctional, lightweight, and nontoxic organic materials with functional properties such as ferroelectricity, multiferroicity, and can be used as proton battery cathode materials. For example, the polarizations of semihydroxylized graphane and graphone, as well as fully hydroxylized graphane, are much higher than any organic ferroelectric materials known to date. Further, hydroxylized graphene nanoribbons with proton vacancies at the end can have much larger dipole moments. They may also be applied as high-capacity cathode materials with a specific capacity that is six times larger than lead-acid batteries and five times that of lithium-ion batteries.

Menghao Wu; J. D. Burton; Evgeny Y. Tsymbal; Xiao Cheng Zeng; Puru Jena

2013-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

124

Electric car batteries: Avoiding the environmental drawbacks via alternative technologies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this article, we address the question of whether air pollution resulting from the pyrometallurgical winning, recycling, and casting of lead for car batteries is a serious threat to the environmental acceptabil...

Hans Warlimont Dr.rer.nat.; Marco Olper

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

New imaging capability reveals possible key to extending battery...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and solar. But many cycles of charging and discharging lead to battery failures and capacity loss, limiting their useful life. A novel X-ray technique used at the U.S. Department...

126

Prieto Battery | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Colorado-based startup company that is developing lithium ion batteries based on nano-structured materials. References: Prieto Battery1 This article is a stub. You can...

127

acid  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Acid/Pueblo Canyon, New Mexico, Site. Acid/Pueblo Canyon, New Mexico, Site. This site is managed by the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management. Site Description and History The Acid/Pueblo Canyon, New Mexico, Site is located near the town of Los Alamos, New Mexico, approximately 25 miles northwest of Santa Fe and 60 miles north-northeast of Albuquerque. The site is accessible from Canyon Road, which runs just south

128

Vehicle Technologies Office: Batteries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Batteries Batteries battery/cell diagram Battery/Cell Diagram Batteries are important to our everyday lives and show up in various consumer electronics and appliances, from MP3 players to laptops to our vehicles. Batteries play an important role in our vehicles and are gradually becoming more and more important as they assume energy storage responsibilities from fuel in vehicle propulsion systems. A battery is a device that stores chemical energy in its active materials and converts it, on demand, into electrical energy by means of an electrochemical reaction. An electrochemical reaction is a chemical reaction involving the transfer of electrons, and it is that reaction which creates electricity. There are three main parts of a battery: the anode, cathode, and electrolyte. The anode is the "fuel" electrode which gives up electrons to the external circuit to create the flow of electrons or electricity. The cathode is the oxidizing electrode which accepts electrons in the external circuit. Finally, the electrolyte carries the electric current, as ions, inside the cell, between the anode and cathode.

129

Tanks for the Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...kg), in the most common flow batteries that number ranges from 20 to 50 Wh/kg. Most modular units now under development range in size from refrigerators to railcars. A flow battery in Osaka, Japan, that's capable of storing a megawatt...

Robert F. Service

2014-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

130

Malonic acid-assisted synthesis of LiNi0.8Co0.2O2 cathode active material for lithium-ion batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Polycrystalline LiNi0.8Co0.2O2...was synthesized by a solution route with malonic acid as the complexing agent. The effects of temperature, duration of heat treatment, pH of the precursor solution, and the nature...

G. Ting-Kuo Fey; Zhi-Feng Wang; T. Prem Kumar

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

SOLAR BATTERY CHARGERS FOR NIMH BATTERIES1 Abstract -This paper proposes new solar battery  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SOLAR BATTERY CHARGERS FOR NIMH BATTERIES1 Abstract - This paper proposes new solar battery chargers for NiMH batteries. Used with portable solar panels, existing charge control methods are shown of consumer portable solar arrays. These new arrays are lightweight, durable, and flexible and have been

Lehman, Brad

132

Special Feature: Reducing Energy Costs with Better Batteries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Reducing Energy Costs with Better Batteries Reducing Energy Costs with Better Batteries Special Feature: Reducing Energy Costs with Better Batteries September 9, 2013 Contact: Linda Vu, +1 510 495 2402, lvu@lbl.gov Electricvehicles8331019248.jpg Electric vehicles lined up in Cascade Locks. Credit: Oregon Department of Transportation A better battery-one that is cheap and safe, but packs a lot of power-could lead to an electric vehicle that performs better than today's gasoline-powered cars, and costs about the same or less to consumers. Such a vehicle would reduce the United States' reliance on foreign oil and lower energy costs for the average American, so one of the Department of Energy's (DOE's) goals is to fund research that will revolutionize the performance of next-generation batteries. In honor of DOE's supercomputing month, we are highlighting some of the

133

Colorado: Isothermal Battery Calorimeter Quantifies Heat Flow...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Isothermal Battery Calorimeter Quantifies Heat Flow, Helps Make Safer, Longer-lasting Batteries Colorado: Isothermal Battery Calorimeter Quantifies Heat Flow, Helps Make Safer,...

134

Lithium Metal Anodes for Rechargeable Batteries. | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Metal Anodes for Rechargeable Batteries. Lithium Metal Anodes for Rechargeable Batteries. Abstract: Rechargeable lithium metal batteries have much higher energy density than those...

135

Blue Sky Batteries Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Batteries Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Blue Sky Batteries Inc Place: Laramie, Wyoming Zip: 82072-3 Product: Nanoengineers materials for rechargeable lithium batteries....

136

Design and Simulation of Lithium Rechargeable Batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gabano, Ed. , Lithium Batteries, Academic Press, New York,K. V. Kordesch, "Primary Batteries 1951-1976," J. Elec- n ~.Rechargeable Lithium Batteries," J. Electrochem. Soc. , [20

Doyle, C.M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Aerospatiale Batteries ASB | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Aerospatiale Batteries ASB Jump to: navigation, search Name: Aerospatiale Batteries (ASB) Place: France Product: Research, design and manufacture of Thermal Batteries. References:...

138

American Battery Charging Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

American Battery Charging Inc Place: Smithfield, Rhode Island Zip: 2917 Product: Manufacturer of industrial and railroad battery chargers. References: American Battery Charging...

139

Test and evaluation of the Philips Model PE 1701 and Lester Model 9865 electric vehicle battery chargers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Philips Model PE 1701 and the Lester Model 9865 electric vehicle battery chargers have been tested by the Tennessee Valley Authority. Charger input/output voltage, current, power characteristics, and input waveform distortion were measured and induced electromagnetic interference was evaluated while the chargers recharged a fully discharged lead-acid battery pack. Electrical quantities were measured with precision volt-ampere-watt meters, frequency counters, a digital storage oscilloscope, and a spectrum analyzer. The Philips charger required 12.2 hours to recharge a 144-V battery; it had an energy efficiency of 86.0 percent and a specific power of 87.4 W/kg (39.7 W/lb). Input current distortion was between 6.9 and 23.0 percent, and electromagnetic interference was observed on AM radio. The Lester charger required 8.2 hours to recharge a 106-V battery; it had an energy efficiency of 83.0 percent and a specific power of 117.3 W/kg (53.3 W/lb). Current distortion was between 52.7 and 97.4 percent, and electromagnetic interference was observed on AM radio.

Reese, R.W.; Driggans, R.L.; Keller, A.S.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Temperature maintained battery system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A chassis contains a battery charger connected to a multi-cell battery. The charger receives direct current from an external direct current power source and has means to automatically selectively charge the battery in accordance with a preselected charging program relating to temperature adjusted state of discharge of the battery. A heater device is positioned within the chassis which includes heater elements and a thermal switch which activates the heater elements to maintain the battery above a certain predetermined temperature in accordance with preselected temperature conditions occurring within the chassis. A cooling device within the chassis includes a cooler regulator, a temperature sensor, and peltier effect cooler elements. The cooler regulator activates and deactivates the peltier cooler elements in accordance with preselected temperature conditions within the chassis sensed by the temperature sensor. Various vehicle function circuitry may also be positioned within the chassis. The contents of the chassis are positioned to form a passage proximate the battery in communication with an inlet and outlet in the chassis to receive air for cooling purposes from an external source.

Newman, W.A.

1980-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lead acid battery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Nickel coated aluminum battery cell tabs  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A battery cell tab is described. The battery cell tab is anodized on one end and has a metal coating on the other end. Battery cells and methods of making battery cell tabs are also described.

Bucchi, Robert S.; Casoli, Daniel J.; Campbell, Kathleen M.; Nicotina, Joseph

2014-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

142

Electrocatalysts for Nonaqueous LithiumAir Batteries:...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Electrocatalysts for Nonaqueous LithiumAir Batteries: Status, Challenges, and Perspective. Electrocatalysts for Nonaqueous LithiumAir Batteries: Status, Challenges,...

143

Battery Vent Mechanism And Method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed herein is a venting mechanism for a battery. The venting mechanism includes a battery vent structure which is located on the battery cover and may be integrally formed therewith. The venting mechanism includes an opening extending through the battery cover such that the opening communicates with a plurality of battery cells located within the battery case. The venting mechanism also includes a vent manifold which attaches to the battery vent structure. The vent manifold includes a first opening which communicates with the battery vent structure opening and second and third openings which allow the vent manifold to be connected to two separate conduits. In this manner, a plurality of batteries may be interconnected for venting purposes, thus eliminating the need to provide separate vent lines for each battery. The vent manifold may be attached to the battery vent structure by a spin-welding technique. To facilitate this technique, the vent manifold may be provided with a flange portion which fits into a corresponding groove portion on the battery vent structure. The vent manifold includes an internal chamber which is large enough to completely house a conventional battery flame arrester and overpressure safety valve. In this manner, the vent manifold, when installed, lessens the likelihood of tampering with the flame arrester and safety valve.

Ching, Larry K. W. (Littleton, CO)

2000-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

144

Battery venting system and method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed herein is a venting mechanism for a battery. The venting mechanism includes a battery vent structure which is located on the battery cover and may be integrally formed therewith. The venting mechanism includes an opening extending through the battery cover such that the opening communicates with a plurality of battery cells located within the battery case. The venting mechanism also includes a vent manifold which attaches to the battery vent structure. The vent manifold includes a first opening which communicates with the battery vent structure opening and second and third openings which allow the vent manifold to be connected to two separate conduits. In this manner, a plurality of batteries may be interconnected for venting purposes, thus eliminating the need to provide separate vent lines for each battery. The vent manifold may be attached to the battery vent structure by a spin-welding technique. To facilitate this technique, the vent manifold may be provided with a flange portion which fits into a corresponding groove portion on the battery vent structure. The vent manifold includes an internal chamber which is large enough to completely house a conventional battery flame arrester and overpressure safety valve. In this manner, the vent manifold, when installed, lessens the likelihood of tampering with the flame arrester and safety valve.

Casale, Thomas J. (Aurora, CO); Ching, Larry K. W. (Littleton, CO); Baer, Jose T. (Gaviota, CA); Swan, David H. (Monrovia, CA)

1999-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

145

10 Questions for a Batteries Expert: Daniel Abraham | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

10 Questions for a Batteries Expert: Daniel Abraham 10 Questions for a Batteries Expert: Daniel Abraham 10 Questions for a Batteries Expert: Daniel Abraham August 11, 2011 - 3:56pm Addthis Dan Abraham | Image Courtesy of Argonne National Laboratory Dan Abraham | Image Courtesy of Argonne National Laboratory Angela Hardin Media Specialist at Argonne National Laboratory "Almost every cell phone contains a lithium-ion battery; they are also in our cameras, camcorders, and computers. Our goal is to get the batteries into our cars - into the next generation of plug-in hybrid and electric vehicles." Dan Abraham, Batteries Expert Ed. note: This is a cross-post from Argonne National Laboratory. In the latest 10 Questions, Daniel Abraham, a leading scientist at Argonne National Laboratory, shares his work on lithium-ion batteries and why he

146

Nuclear Batteries for Implantable Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The nuclear battery is so named because its source of ... the nucleus of the atoms of the fuel, rather than in the electrons that surround ... the fundamental source of energy for the chemical batteries describ...

David L. Purdy

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Thermal fuse for high-temperature batteries  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A thermal fuse, preferably for a high-temperature battery, comprising leads and a body therebetween having a melting point between approximately 400.degree. C. and 500.degree. C. The body is preferably an alloy of Ag--Mg, Ag--Sb, Al--Ge, Au--In, Bi--Te, Cd--Sb, Cu--Mg, In--Sb, Mg--Pb, Pb--Pd, Sb--Zn, Sn--Te, or Mg--Al.

Jungst, Rudolph G. (Albuquerque, NM); Armijo, James R. (Albuquerque, NM); Frear, Darrel R. (Austin, TX)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

batteries | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

batteries batteries Dataset Summary Description The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) publishes a wide selection of data and statistics on renewable energy power technologies from a variety of sources (e.g. EIA, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratory, EPRI and AWEA). In 2006, NREL published the 4th edition, presenting market and performance data for over a dozen technologies from publications from 1997 - 2004. Source NREL Date Released March 01st, 2006 (8 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords advanced energy storage batteries biomass csp fuel cells geothermal Hydro market data NREL performance data PV wind Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon Technology Profiles (market and performance data) (xls, 207.4 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review

149

Transparent lithium-ion batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...computers). Typically, a battery is composed of electrode...nanotubes (5, 7), graphene (11), and organic...is not suitable for batteries, because, to our knowledge...production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes...rechargeable lithium batteries . Nature 414 : 359 367...

Yuan Yang; Sangmoo Jeong; Liangbing Hu; Hui Wu; Seok Woo Lee; Yi Cui

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Batteries - EnerDel Lithium-Ion Battery  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

EnerDel/Argonne Advanced High-Power Battery for Hybrid Electric Vehicles EnerDel/Argonne Advanced High-Power Battery for Hybrid Electric Vehicles EnerDel lithium-ion battery The EnerDel Lithium-Ion Battery The EnerDel/Argonne lithium-ion battery is a highly reliable and extremely safe device that is lighter in weight, more compact, more powerful and longer-lasting than the nickel-metal hydride (Ni-MH) batteries in today's hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). The battery is expected to meet the U.S. Advanced Battery Consortium's $500 manufacturing price criterion for a 25-kilowatt battery, which is almost a sixth of the cost to make comparable Ni-MH batteries intended for use in HEVs. It is also less expensive to make than comparable Li-ion batteries. That cost reduction is expected to help make HEVs more competitive in the marketplace and enable consumers to receive an immediate payback in

151

Current balancing for battery strings  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A battery plant is described which features magnetic circuit means for balancing the electrical current flow through a pluraliircuitbattery strings which are connected electrically in parallel. The magnetic circuit means is associated with the battery strings such that the conductors carrying the electrical current flow through each of the battery strings pass through the magnetic circuit means in directions which cause the electromagnetic fields of at least one predetermined pair of the conductors to oppose each other. In an alternative embodiment, a low voltage converter is associated with each of the battery strings for balancing the electrical current flow through the battery strings.

Galloway, James H. (New Baltimore, MI)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Johnson Controls Develops an Improved Vehicle Battery, Works...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Johnson Controls Develops an Improved Vehicle Battery, Works to Cut Battery Costs in Half Johnson Controls Develops an Improved Vehicle Battery, Works to Cut Battery Costs in Half...

153

Thin-film Lithium Batteries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Thin-Film Battery with Lithium Anode Courtesy of Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Materials Science and Technology Division Thin-Film Lithium Batteries Resources with Additional Information The Department of Energy's 'Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has developed high-performance thin-film lithium batteries for a variety of technological applications. These batteries have high energy densities, can be recharged thousands of times, and are only 10 microns thick. They can be made in essentially any size and shape. Recently, Teledyne licensed this technology from ORNL to make batteries for medical devices including electrocardiographs. In addition, new "textured" cathodes have been developed which have greatly increased the peak current capability of the batteries. This greatly expands the potential medical uses of the batteries, including transdermal applications for heart regulation.'

154

Fact Sheet: Lithium-Ion Batteries for Stationary Energy Storage (October  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Fact Sheet: Lithium-Ion Batteries for Stationary Energy Storage Fact Sheet: Lithium-Ion Batteries for Stationary Energy Storage (October 2012) Fact Sheet: Lithium-Ion Batteries for Stationary Energy Storage (October 2012) DOE's Energy Storage Program is funding research to develop longer-lifetime, lower-cost Li-ion batteries. Researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory are investigating cost-effective electrode materials and electrolytes, as well as novel low-cost synthesis approaches for making highly efficient electrode materials using additives such as graphine, oleic acid, and paraffin. To address safety issues, researchers will also identify materials with better thermal stability. Fact Sheet: Lithium-Ion Batteries for Stationary Energy Storage (October 2012) More Documents & Publications Battery SEAB Presentation

155

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Carbon Enhanced VRLA Batteries - David Enos, SNL  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Carbon-Enhanced VRLA Carbon-Enhanced VRLA Batteries September 27, 2012 David G. Enos, Summer R. Ferreira Sandia National Laboratories Rod Shane East Penn Manufacturing SAND2012-7857C Carbon Enhanced VRLA Batteries  Pb-Acid batteries are inexpensive, but have a poor cycle life when subjected to high-rate, partial state of charge (HRPSoC) operating conditions.  The addition of some carbon materials have been demonstrated to dramatically improve the cycle life, enabling use of VRLA batteries under HRPSoC conditions.  Some additions enhance, others detract... not clear why.  The overall goal of this work is to quantitatively define the role that carbon plays in extending the cycle life of a VRLA battery. 2 The Advanced VRLA Battery  Recently, there have been several manners in which carbon has been added to a Pb-

156

A high-gain adaptive observer for detecting Li-ion battery terminal voltage collapse  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We use a high-gain adaptive observer and a trend filtering algorithm to detect early stages that lead to terminal voltage collapses in Li-ion batteries. This approach allows accurate detection without having sophisticated battery models. Theoretical ... Keywords: Adaptive filters, Adaptive systems, Detection algorithms, High-gain, Trend

Shayok Mukhopadhyay, Fumin Zhang

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Advanced Battery Manufacturing (VA)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

LiFeBATT has concentrated its recent testing and evaluation on the safety of its batteries. There appears to be a good margin of safety with respect to overheating of the cells and the cases being utilized for the batteries are specifically designed to dissipate any heat built up during charging. This aspect of LiFeBATTs products will be even more fully investigated, and assuming ongoing positive results, it will become a major component of marketing efforts for the batteries. LiFeBATT has continued to receive prismatic 20 Amp hour cells from Taiwan. Further testing continues to indicate significant advantages over the previously available 15 Ah cells. Battery packs are being assembled with battery management systems in the Danville facility. Comprehensive tests are underway at Sandia National Laboratory to provide further documentation of the advantages of these 20 Ah cells. The company is pursuing its work with Hybrid Vehicles of Danville to critically evaluate the 20 Ah cells in a hybrid, armored vehicle being developed for military and security applications. Results have been even more encouraging than they were initially. LiFeBATT is expanding its work with several OEM customers to build a worldwide distribution network. These customers include a major automotive consulting group in the U.K., an Australian maker of luxury off-road campers, and a number of makers of E-bikes and scooters. LiFeBATT continues to explore the possibility of working with nations that are woefully short of infrastructure. Negotiations are underway with Siemens to jointly develop a system for using photovoltaic generation and battery storage to supply electricity to communities that are not currently served adequately. The IDA has continued to monitor the progress of LiFeBATTs work to ensure that all funds are being expended wisely and that matching funds will be generated as promised. The company has also remained current on all obligations for repayment of an IDA loan and lease payments for space to the IDA. A commercial venture is being formed to utilize the LiFeBATT product for consumer use in enabling photovoltaic powered boat lifts. Field tests of the system have proven to be very effective and commercially promising. This venture is expected to result in significant sales within the next six months.

Stratton, Jeremy

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

158

US advanced battery consortium in-vehicle battery testing procedure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article describes test procedures to be used as part of a program to monitor the performance of batteries used in electric vehicle applications. The data will be collected as part of an electric vehicle testing program, which will include battery packs from a number of different suppliers. Most data will be collected by on-board systems or from driver logs. The paper describes the test procedure to be implemented for batteries being used in this testing.

NONE

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Holistic Cell Design by Berkeley Lab Scientists Leads to High-Performance,  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Holistic Cell Design by Berkeley Lab Scientists Leads to High-Performance, Holistic Cell Design by Berkeley Lab Scientists Leads to High-Performance, Long Cycle-Life Lithium-Sulfur Battery Battery schematic with Silicon-Graphene oxide Long-term cycling results of the lithium-sulfur cell. Sulfur-graphene oxide SEM photo November 2013 Battery could find use in mobile applications, and eventually, electric vehicles with 300-mile range Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have demonstrated in the laboratory a lithium-sulfur (Li/S) battery that has more than twice the specific energy of lithium-ion batteries, and that lasts for more than 1,500 cycles of charge-discharge with minimal decay of the battery's capacity. This is longest cycle life reported so far for any lithium-sulfur battery.

160

Applying the Battery Ownership Model in Pursuit of Optimal Battery...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Ownership Model in Pursuit of Optimal Battery Use Strategies 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lead acid battery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

FY14 Milestone: Simulated Impacts of Life-Like Fast Charging on BEV Batteries (Management Publication)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fast charging is attractive to battery electric vehicle (BEV) drivers for its ability to enable long-distance travel and quickly recharge depleted batteries on short notice. However, such aggressive charging and the sustained vehicle operation that results could lead to excessive battery temperatures and degradation. Properly assessing the consequences of fast charging requires accounting for disparate cycling, heating, and aging of individual cells in large BEV packs when subjected to realistic travel patterns, usage of fast chargers, and climates over long durations (i.e., years). The U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Office has supported NREL's development of BLAST-V 'the Battery Lifetime Analysis and Simulation Tool for Vehicles' to create a tool capable of accounting for all of these factors. The authors present on the findings of applying this tool to realistic fast charge scenarios. The effects of different travel patterns, climates, battery sizes, battery thermal management systems, and other factors on battery performance and degradation are presented. The primary challenge for BEV batteries operated in the presence of fast charging is controlling maximum battery temperature, which can be achieved with active battery cooling systems.

Neubauer, J.; Wood, E.; Burton, E.; Smith, K.; Pesaran, A.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Analysis of the thermal behavior of a LiFePO4 battery cell  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents theory, experiments and numerical modeling results for the electrothermal analysis of Lithium Iron Phosphate (LiFePO4) battery cells. Thermal management of batteries is important for several reasons including thermal runaway and maintaining battery operating time. A battery pack is comprised of battery cells which are stacked together without cooling surfaces except for the pack outer surface. The central cells in the pack are therefore exposed to the risk of overheating. A model for a single specific commercial LiFePO4 battery cell is presented together with preliminary experiments and results for determination of heating sources during charging and discharging. Based on the experimental results we extract model parameters for use in the model. The experiments lead to relations for the cell surface temperature and the lump temperature of the cell. A reasonable agreement between experiments and the model is found and suggestions for further work is indicated.

Marian-Ciprian Niculu??; Christian Veje

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Vent construction for batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A battery casing to be hermetically sealed is described the casing having main side walls with end walls bridging the end portions of the side walls, at least one of the end walls facing and being exposed to the battery interior, the improvement in vent means for the casing which ruptures when internal casing pressure exceeds a given value. The vent means include at least one vent-forming rib of a given length and width projecting outward from a portion of the end wall normally facing the battery interior, the rib being in a central band or segment of the one end wall and oriented so that the length of the rib is parallel to the band or segment; and the rib having formed therein a vent-forming groove which extends transversely of the length of the rib only part way substantially symmetrically along the transverse contour thereof, so that both ends of the groove are spaced from the base of the rib and the groove extends comparable distances on both sides of the top or center point of the rib contour.

Romero, A.

1986-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

164

Nickel recovery aids battery development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

GM is developing the zinc/nickel-oxide battery for the small commuter-type electric car that the company expects to produce in a few years. ...

1981-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

165

United States Advanced Battery Consortium  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of internal short circuit as a potential failure mechanism * Public Perception: - Media and other promotion of unrealistic expectations for battery capabilities present a...

166

High Capacity Pouch-Type Li-air Batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The pouch-type Li-air batteries operated in ambient condition are reported in this work. The battery used a heat sealable plastic membrane as package material, O2 diffusion membrane and moisture barrier. The large variation in internal resistance of the batteries is minimized by a modified separator which can bind the cell stack together. The cells using the modified separators show improved and repeatable discharge performances. It is also found that addition of about 20% of 1,2-dimethoxyethane (DME) in PC:EC (1:1) based electrolyte solvent improves can improve the wetability of carbon electrode and the discharge capacities of Li-air batteries, but further increase in DME amount lead to a decreased capacity due to increase electrolyte loss during discharge process. The pouch-type Li-air batteries with the modified separator and optimized electrolyte has demonstrated a specific capacity of 2711 mAh g-1 based on carbon and a specific energy of 344 Wh kg-1 based on the complete batteries including package.

Wang, Deyu; Xiao, Jie; Xu, Wu; Zhang, Jiguang

2010-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

167

Mapping Particle Charges in Battery Electrodes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of batteries masks their chemical complexity. A typical lithium-ion battery in a cell phone consists of trillions of particles. When a lithium-ion battery is charged or...

168

Advanced battery modeling using neural networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

battery models are available today that can accurately predict the performance of the battery system. This thesis presents a modeling technique for batteries employing neural networks. The advantage of using neural networks is that the effect of any...

Arikara, Muralidharan Pushpakam

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Promising Magnesium Battery Research at ALS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Promising Magnesium Battery Research at ALS Promising Magnesium Battery Research at ALS Print Wednesday, 23 January 2013 16:59 toyota battery a) Cross-section of the in situ...

170

Block copolymer electrolytes for lithium batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

interface in the Li-ion battery. Electrochimica Acta 50,K. The role of Li-ion battery electrolyte reactivity inK. The role of Li-ion battery electrolyte reactivity in

Hudson, William Rodgers

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Experimental performances of a battery thermal management system using a phase change material  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Li-ion batteries are leading candidates for mobility because electric vehicles (EV) are an environmentally friendly mean of transport. With age, Li-ion cells show a more resistive behavior leading to extra heat generation. Another kind of problem called thermal runway arises when the cell is too hot, what happens in case of overcharge or short circuit. In order to evaluate the effect of these defects at the whole battery scale, an air-cooled battery module was built and tested, using electrical heaters instead of real cells for safety reasons. A battery thermal management system based on a phase change material is developed in that study. This passive system is coupled with an active liquid cooling system in order to initialize the battery temperature at the melting of the PCM. This initialization, or PCM solidification, can be performed during a charge for example, in other words when the energy from the network is available.

Charles-Victor Hmery; Franck Pra; Jean-Franois Robin; Philippe Marty

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

NREL-Led Team Improves and Accelerates Battery Design (Fact Sheet...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

content. NREL-Led Team Improves and Accelerates Battery Design The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is leading some of the best minds from U.S. auto manufacturers,...

173

Electronically conductive polymer binder for lithium-ion battery electrode  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A family of carboxylic acid group containing fluorene/fluorenon copolymers is disclosed as binders of silicon particles in the fabrication of negative electrodes for use with lithium ion batteries. These binders enable the use of silicon as an electrode material as they significantly improve the cycle-ability of silicon by preventing electrode degradation over time. In particular, these polymers, which become conductive on first charge, bind to the silicon particles of the electrode, are flexible so as to better accommodate the expansion and contraction of the electrode during charge/discharge, and being conductive promote the flow battery current.

Liu, Gao; Xun, Shidi; Battaglia, Vincent S; Zheng, Honghe

2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

174

Sandia National Laboratories: Evaluating Powerful Batteries for...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ClimateECEnergyEvaluating Powerful Batteries for Modular Electric Grid Energy Storage Evaluating Powerful Batteries for Modular Electric Grid Energy Storage Sandian Spoke at the...

175

Polymer Electrolytes for Advanced Lithium Batteries | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Advanced Lithium Batteries Polymer Electrolytes for Advanced Lithium Batteries 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

176

Batteries lose in game of thorns | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Batteries lose in game of thorns Batteries lose in game of thorns Scientists see how and where disruptive structures form and cause voltage fading Images from EMSL's scanning...

177

Disordered Materials Hold Promise for Better Batteries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Disordered materials hold promise for better batteries Disordered Materials Hold Promise for Better Batteries February 21, 2014 | Tags: Chemistry, Hopper, Materials Science,...

178

Hierarchically Structured Materials for Lithium Batteries. |...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

battery (LIB) is one of the most promising power sources to be deployed in electric vehicles (EV), including solely battery powered vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles,...

179

Ford Electric Battery Group | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Group Jump to: navigation, search Name: Ford Electric Battery Group Place: Dearborn, MI References: Ford Battery1 Information About Partnership with NREL Partnership with...

180

Design and Simulation of Lithium Rechargeable Batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Newman, "Thermal Modeling of the LithiumIPolymer Battery I.J. Newman, "Thermal Modeling of the LithiumIPolymer Battery

Doyle, C.M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lead acid battery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Advanced Battery Factory | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Factory Jump to: navigation, search Name: Advanced Battery Factory Place: Shen Zhen City, Guangdong Province, China Product: Producers of lithium polymer batteries, established in...

182

Ovonic Battery Company Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ovonic Battery Company Inc Place: Michigan Zip: 48309 Sector: Hydro, Hydrogen Product: Focused on commercializing its patented and proprietary NiMH battery technology through...

183

Washington: Graphene Nanostructures for Lithium Batteries Recieves...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Washington: Graphene Nanostructures for Lithium Batteries Recieves 2012 R&D 100 Award Washington: Graphene Nanostructures for Lithium Batteries Recieves 2012 R&D 100 Award February...

184

PHEV Battery Cost Assessment | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

PHEV Battery Cost Assessment PHEV Battery Cost Assessment 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting...

185

PHEV Battery Cost Assessment | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

PHEV Battery Cost Assessment PHEV Battery Cost Assessment 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

186

Coordination Chemistry in magnesium battery electrolytes: how...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Chemistry in magnesium battery electrolytes: how ligands affect their performance. Coordination Chemistry in magnesium battery electrolytes: how ligands affect their performance....

187

Upgrading the Vanadium Redox Battery | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Upgrading the Vanadium Redox Battery Upgrading the Vanadium Redox Battery New electrolyte mix increases energy storage by 70 percent After developing a more effective...

188

A review of nuclear batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper reviews recent efforts in the literature to miniaturize nuclear battery systems. The potential of a nuclear battery for longer shelf-life and higher energy density when compared with other modes of energy storage make them an attractive alternative to investigate. The performance of nuclear batteries is a function of the radioisotope(s), radiation transport properties and energy conversion transducers. The energy conversion mechanisms vary significantly between different nuclear battery types, where the radioisotope thermoelectric generator, or RTG, is typically considered a performance standard for all nuclear battery types. The energy conversion efficiency of non-thermal-type nuclear batteries requires that the two governing scale lengths of the system, the range of ionizing radiation and the size of the transducer, be well-matched. Natural mismatches between these two properties have been the limiting factor in the energy conversion efficiency of small-scale nuclear batteries. Power density is also a critical performance factor and is determined by the interface of the radioisotope to the transducer. Solid radioisotopes are typically coated on the transducer, forcing the cell power density to scale with the surface area (limiting power density). Methods which embed isotopes within the transducer allow the power density to scale with cell volume (maximizing power density). Other issues that are examined include the limitations of shelf-life due to radiation damage in the transducers and the supply of radioisotopes to sustain a commercial enterprise. This review of recent theoretical and experimental literature indicates that the physics of nuclear batteries do not currently support the objectives of miniaturization, high efficiency and high power density. Instead, the physics imply that nuclear batteries will be of moderate size and limited power density. The supply of radioisotopes is limited and cannot support large scale commercialization. Niche applications for nuclear batteries exist, and advances in materials science may enable the development of high-efficiency solid-state nuclear batteries in the near term.

Mark A. Prelas; Charles L. Weaver; Matthew L. Watermann; Eric D. Lukosi; Robert J. Schott; Denis A. Wisniewski

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Altered Xylem-Phloem Transfer of Amino Acids Affects Metabolism and Leads to Increased Seed Yield and Oil Content in Arabidopsis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Applied Biosystems 7500 thermal cycler. Genes related...phloem-specific expression of the plasma membrane amino acid proton...photosynthesis to increasing atmospheric CO2: The gas exchange...transporters. In The Plant Plasma Membrane, Plant Cell...Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S. | 0 AAP2...

Lizhi Zhang; Qiumin Tan; Raymond Lee; Alexander Trethewy; Yong-Hwa Lee; Mechthild Tegeder

2010-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

190

Redox Flow Batteries, a Review  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Redox flow batteries are enjoying a renaissance due to their ability to store large amounts of electrical energy relatively cheaply and efficiently. In this review, we examine the components of redox flow batteries with a focus on understanding the underlying physical processes. The various transport and kinetic phenomena are discussed along with the most common redox couples.

U. Tennessee Knoxville; U. Texas Austin; McGill U; Weber, Adam Z.; Mench, Matthew M.; Meyers, Jeremy P.; Ross, Philip N.; Gostick, Jeffrey T.; Liu, Qinghua

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

191

Lithium batteries for pulse power  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

New designs of lithium batteries having bipolar construction and thin cell components possess the very low impedance that is necessary to deliver high-intensity current pulses. The R D and understanding of the fundamental properties of these pulse batteries have reached an advanced level. Ranges of 50--300 kW/kg specific power and 80--130 Wh/kg specific energy have been demonstrated with experimental high-temperature lithium alloy/transition-metal disulfide rechargeable bipolar batteries in repeated 1- to 100-ms long pulses. Other versions are designed for repetitive power bursts that may last up to 20 or 30 s and yet may attain high specific power (1--10 kW/kg). Primary high-temperature Li-alloy/FeS{sub 2} pulse batteries (thermal batteries) are already commercially available. Other high-temperature lithium systems may use chlorine or metal-oxide positive electrodes. Also under development are low-temperature pulse batteries: a 50-kW Li/SOCl{sub 2} primary batter and an all solid-state, polymer-electrolyte secondary battery. Such pulse batteries could find use in commercial and military applications in the near future. 21 refs., 8 figs.

Redey, L.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Battery system with temperature sensors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A battery system to monitor temperature includes at least one cell with a temperature sensing device proximate the at least one cell. The battery system also includes a flexible member that holds the temperature sensor proximate to the at least one cell.

Wood, Steven J.; Trester, Dale B.

2012-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

193

Evaluation of battery/microturbine hybrid energy storage technologies at the University of Maryland :a study for the DOE Energy Storage Systems Program.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study describes the technical and economic benefits derived from adding an energy storage component to an existing building cooling, heating, and power system that uses microturbine generation to augment utility-provided power. Three different types of battery energy storage were evaluated: flooded lead-acid, valve-regulated lead-acid, and zinc/bromine. Additionally, the economic advantages of hybrid generation/storage systems were evaluated for a representative range of utility tariffs. The analysis was done using the Distributed Energy Technology Simulator developed for the Energy Storage Systems Program at Sandia National Laboratories by Energetics, Inc. The study was sponsored by the U.S. DOE Energy Storage Systems Program through Sandia National Laboratories and was performed in coordination with the University of Maryland's Center for Environmental Energy Engineering.

De Anda, Mindi Farber (Energetics, Inc., Washington, DC); Fall, Ndeye K. (Energetics, Inc., Washington, DC)

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Definition: Battery | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Battery Battery Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Battery An energy storage device comprised of two or more electrochemical cells enclosed in a container and electrically interconnected in an appropriate series/parallel arrangement to provide the required operating voltage and current levels. Under common usage, the term battery also applies to a single cell if it constitutes the entire electrochemical storage system.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Also Known As Electrochemical cell Related Terms Fuel cell, energy, operating voltage, smart grid References ↑ http://www1.eere.energy.gov/solar/solar_glossary.html#B Retrie LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Battery&oldid=502543

195

Nanocarbon Networks for Advanced Rechargeable Lithium Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

His research focuses on energy storage and conversion with batteries, fuel cells, and solar cells. ... As an important type of secondary battery, lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) have quickly dominated the market for consumer electronics and become one of key technologies in the battery industry after their first release by Sony Company in the early 1990s. ...

Sen Xin; Yu-Guo Guo; Li-Jun Wan

2012-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

196

Battery Thermal Management System Design Modeling (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Presents the objectives and motivations for a battery thermal management vehicle system design study.

Kim, G-H.; Pesaran, A.

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Cell for making secondary batteries  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides all solid-state lithium and sodium batteries operating in the approximate temperature range of ambient to 145.degree. C. (limited by melting points of electrodes/electrolyte), with demonstrated energy and power densities far in excess of state-of-the-art high-temperature battery systems. The preferred battery comprises a solid lithium or sodium electrode, a polymeric electrolyte such as polyethylene oxide doped with lithium triflate (PEO.sub.8 LiCF.sub.3 SO.sub.3), and a solid-state composite positive electrode containing a polymeric organosulfur electrode, (SRS).sub.n, and carbon black, dispersed in a polymeric electrolyte.

Visco, Steven J. (2336 California St., Berkeley, CA 94703); Liu, Meilin (1121C Ninth St., #29, Albany, CA 94710); DeJonghe, Lutgard C. (910 Acalanes Rd., Lafayette, CA 94549)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Cell for making secondary batteries  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides all solid-state lithium and sodium batteries operating in the approximate temperature range of ambient to 145 C (limited by melting points of electrodes/electrolyte), with demonstrated energy and power densities far in excess of state-of-the-art high-temperature battery systems. The preferred battery comprises a solid lithium or sodium electrode, a polymeric electrolyte such as polyethylene oxide doped with lithium trifluorate (PEO[sub 8]LiCF[sub 3]SO[sub 3]), and a solid-state composite positive electrode containing a polymeric organosulfur electrode, (SRS)[sub n], and carbon black, dispersed in a polymeric electrolyte. 2 figs.

Visco, S.J.; Liu, M.; DeJonghe, L.C.

1992-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

199

Batteries, from Cradle to Grave  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As battery producers and vendors, legislators, and the consumer population become aware of the consequences of inappropriate disposal of batteries to landfill sites instead of responsible chemical neutralization and reuse, the topic of battery recycling has begun to appear on the environmental agenda. ... Significant advances are also being made in fuel-cell technology with several companies involved in the design and manufacture of high-performance fuel cells adapted to the portable electronics, back-up energy, and traction markets (37-41). ... These hydrogen or methanol-fuelled cells draw their chemical energy from a quick-fill reservoir outside the cell (or stack) structure. ...

Michael J. Smith; Fiona M. Gray

2010-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

200

Advanced Redox Flow Batteries for Stationary Electrical Energy Storage  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the status of the advanced redox flow battery research being performed at Pacific Northwest National Laboratories for the U.S. Department of Energys Energy Storage Systems Program. The Quarter 1 of FY2012 Milestone was completed on time. The milestone entails completion of evaluation and optimization of single cell components for the two advanced redox flow battery electrolyte chemistries recently developed at the lab, the all vanadium (V) mixed acid and V-Fe mixed acid solutions. All the single cell components to be used in future kW-scale stacks have been identified and optimized in this quarter, which include solution electrolyte, membrane or separator; carbon felt electrode and bi-polar plate. Varied electrochemical, chemical and physical evaluations were carried out to assist the component screening and optimization. The mechanisms of the battery capacity fading behavior for the all vanadium redox flow and the Fe/V battery were discovered, which allowed us to optimize the related cell operation parameters and continuously operate the system for more than three months without any capacity decay.

Li, Liyu; Kim, Soowhan; Xia, Guanguang; Wang, Wei; Yang, Zhenguo

2012-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lead acid battery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Battery SEAB Presentation  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

The Parker Ranch installation in Hawaii The Parker Ranch installation in Hawaii US Department of Energy Vehicle Battery R&D: Current Scope and Future Directions January 31, 2012 * David Howell (EERE/VTP) * Pat Davis (EERE/VTP) * Dane Boysen (ARPA-E) * Dave Danielson (ARPA-E) * Linda Horton (BES) * John Vetrano (BES) 2 | Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy eere.energy.gov U.S. Oil-dependence is Driven by Transportation Source: DOE/EIA Annual Energy Review, April 2010 Transportation Residential and Commercial 94% Oil-dependent Industry 41% Oil-dependent 17% Oil-dependent 72% 22% 1% 5% U.S. Oil Consumption by End-use Sector 19.1 Million Barrels per Day (2010) Electric Power 1% Oil-dependent * On-road vehicles are responsible for ~80% of transportation oil usage 3 | Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy eere.energy.gov

202

Hunan Copower EV Battery Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EV Battery Co Ltd Place: Hunan Province, China Sector: Vehicles Product: Producer of batteries and battery-related products for electric vehicles. References: Hunan Copower EV...

203

In situ Characterizations of New Battery Materials and the Studies...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

of New Battery Materials and the Studies of High Energy Density Li-Air Batteries In situ Characterizations of New Battery Materials and the Studies of High Energy...

204

Visualization of Charge Distribution in a Lithium Battery Electrode  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distribution in Thin-Film Batteries. J. Electrochem. Soc.of Lithium Polymer Batteries. J. Power Sources 2002, 110,for Rechargeable Li Batteries. Chem. Mater. 2010, 15. Padhi,

Liu, Jun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Developing Next-Gen Batteries With Help From NERSC  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

NERSC Helps Develop Next-Gen Batteries NERSC Helps Develop Next-Gen Batteries A genomics approach to materials research could speed up advancements in battery performance December...

206

Making Li-air batteries rechargeable: material challenges. |...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Li-air batteries rechargeable: material challenges. Making Li-air batteries rechargeable: material challenges. Abstract: A Li-air battery could potentially provide three to five...

207

In Situ Characterizations of New Battery Materials and the Studies...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

of New Battery Materials and the Studies of High Energy Density Li-Air Batteries In Situ Characterizations of New Battery Materials and the Studies of High Energy...

208

Autonomic Shutdown of Lithium-Ion Batteries Using Thermoresponsive...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

shutdown of Li-ion batteries is demonstrated by incorporating thermoresponsive polyethylene (PE) microspheres (ca. 4 m) onto battery anodes. When the internal battery...

209

EV Everywhere Battery Workshop Introduction | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Battery Workshop Introduction EV Everywhere Battery Workshop Introduction Presentation given at the EV Everywhere Grand Challenge: Battery Workshop on July 26, 2012 held at the...

210

Phylion Battery | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vehicles Product: Jiangsu-province-based producer of high-power high-energy Li-ion batteries for such uses as electric bicycles, hybrid vehicles, lighting, medical equipment,...

211

Battery Components, Active Materials for  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A battery consists of one or more electrochemical cells that convert into electrically energy the chemical energy stored in two separated electrodes, the anode and the cathode. Inside a cell, the two electrodes ....

J. B. Goodenough

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Polymer Electrolyte and Polymer Battery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Generally the polymer electrolyte of the polymer battery is classified into two kinds of the electrolyte: One is a dry-type electrolyte composed of a polymer matrix and...21.1. Fig....

Toshiyuki Osawa; Michiyuki Kono

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Reinventing Batteries for Grid Storage  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The City University of New York's Energy Institute, with the help of ARPA-E funding, is creating safe, low cost, rechargeable, long lifecycle batteries that could be used as modular distributed storage for the electrical grid. The batteries could be used at the building level or the utility level to offer benefits such as capture of renewable energy, peak shaving and microgridding, for a safer, cheaper, and more secure electrical grid.

Banerjee, Sanjoy

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

214

Batteries using molten salt electrolyte  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electrolyte system suitable for a molten salt electrolyte battery is described where the electrolyte system is a molten nitrate compound, an organic compound containing dissolved lithium salts, or a 1-ethyl-3-methlyimidazolium salt with a melting temperature between approximately room temperature and approximately 250.degree. C. With a compatible anode and cathode, the electrolyte system is utilized in a battery as a power source suitable for oil/gas borehole applications and in heat sensors.

Guidotti, Ronald A. (Albuquerque, NM)

2003-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

215

Thermal Batteries for Electric Vehicles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

HEATS Project: UT Austin will demonstrate a high-energy density and low-cost thermal storage system that will provide efficient cabin heating and cooling for EVs. Compared to existing HVAC systems powered by electric batteries in EVs, the innovative hot-and-cold thermal batteries-based technology is expected to decrease the manufacturing cost and increase the driving range of next-generation EVs. These thermal batteries can be charged with off-peak electric power together with the electric batteries. Based on innovations in composite materials offering twice the energy density of ice and 10 times the thermal conductivity of water, these thermal batteries are expected to achieve a comparable energy density at 25% of the cost of electric batteries. Moreover, because UT Austins thermal energy storage systems are modular, they may be incorporated into the heating and cooling systems in buildings, providing further energy efficiencies and positively impacting the emissions of current building heating/cooling systems.

None

2011-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

216

Colorado: Isothermal Battery Calorimeter Quantifies Heat Flow, Helps Make Safer, Longer-lasting Batteries  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Partnered with NETZSCH, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) developed an Isothermal Battery Calorimeter (IBC) used to quantify heat flow in battery cells and modules.

217

Johnson Controls Develops an Improved Vehicle Battery, Works to Cut Battery Costs in Half  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Johnson Controls is working to increase energy density of vehicle batteries while reducing manufacturing costs for lithium-ion battery cells.

218

lead-isotope dating  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

lead-isotope dating, lead-lead dating, lead-isotope age measurement, lead-lead age measurement ? Blei-Isotopen(-Alters)bestimmung, f, Blei-Isotopen-Datierung

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Iron Edison Battery Company | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Iron Edison Battery Company Iron Edison Battery Company Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Iron Edison Battery Company Name Iron Edison Battery Company Place Lakewood, Colorado Sector Bioenergy, Carbon, Efficiency, Hydro, Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind energy Product Nickel Iron (Ni-Fe) battery systems Year founded 2011 Number of employees 1-10 Phone number 202-681-4766 Website http://ironedison.com Region Rockies Area References Iron Edison Battery Company[1] Nickel Iron Battery Specifications[2] About the company and the owners[3] Nickel Iron Battery Association[4] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Iron Edison Battery Company is a company based in Lakewood, Colorado. Iron Edison is redefining off-grid energy storage using advanced

220

Mapping Particle Charges in Battery Electrodes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mapping Particle Charges in Battery Electrodes Print Mapping Particle Charges in Battery Electrodes Print The deceivingly simple appearance of batteries masks their chemical complexity. A typical lithium-ion battery in a cell phone consists of trillions of particles. When a lithium-ion battery is charged or discharged lithium ions move from one electrode to another, filling and unfilling individual, variably-sized battery particles. The rates of these processes determine how much power a battery can deliver. Despite the technological innovations and widespread use of batteries, the mechanism behind charging and discharging particles remains largely a mystery, partly because it is difficult to visualize the motion of lithium ions for a significant number of battery particles at nanoscale resolution.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lead acid battery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Mapping Particle Charges in Battery Electrodes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mapping Particle Charges in Battery Electrodes Print Mapping Particle Charges in Battery Electrodes Print The deceivingly simple appearance of batteries masks their chemical complexity. A typical lithium-ion battery in a cell phone consists of trillions of particles. When a lithium-ion battery is charged or discharged lithium ions move from one electrode to another, filling and unfilling individual, variably-sized battery particles. The rates of these processes determine how much power a battery can deliver. Despite the technological innovations and widespread use of batteries, the mechanism behind charging and discharging particles remains largely a mystery, partly because it is difficult to visualize the motion of lithium ions for a significant number of battery particles at nanoscale resolution.

222

Fact Sheet: Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries (October 2012)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Breakthrough Breakthrough Researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have developed a new sulfate (SO 4 2- ) and chloride (Cl - ) mixed solution that is used as the electrolyte. Compared to pure sulfuric acid, the new solution can hold more than 70% more vanadium ions, increasing energy storage capacity by more than 70%. The use of Cl - in the new solution also increases the operating temperature window by 83%, so the battery

223

Horizon Batteries formerly Electrosource | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Batteries formerly Electrosource Batteries formerly Electrosource Jump to: navigation, search Name Horizon Batteries (formerly Electrosource) Place Texas Sector Vehicles Product Manufacturer of high-power, light-weight batteries for use in electric and hybrid-electric vehicles, engine-starting and telecommunication stand-by power applications. References Horizon Batteries (formerly Electrosource)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Horizon Batteries (formerly Electrosource) is a company located in Texas . References ↑ "Horizon Batteries (formerly Electrosource)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Horizon_Batteries_formerly_Electrosource&oldid=346600

224

Electrolyte Model Helps Researchers Develop Better Batteries...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Electrolyte Model Helps Researchers Develop Better Batteries, Wins R&D 100 Award Electrolyte Model Helps Researchers Develop Better Batteries, Wins R&D 100 Award October 15, 2014 -...

225

'Thirsty' Metals Key to Longer Battery Lifetimes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Contact: Kathy Kincade, +1 510 495 2124, kkincade@lbl.gov PCCPxantheascover Imagine a cell phone battery that lasted a whole week on a single charge. A car battery that worked...

226

Vehicle Technologies Office: Exploratory Battery Materials Research  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Lowering the cost and improving the performance of batteries for plug-in electric vehicles requires improving every part of the battery, from underlying chemistry to packaging. To reach the EV...

227

A User Programmable Battery Charging System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, high energy density and longer lasting batteries with efficient charging systems are being developed by companies and original equipment manufacturers. Whatever the application may be, rechargeable batteries, which deliver power to a load or system...

Amanor-Boadu, Judy M

2013-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

228

Vehicle Technologies Office: Advanced Battery Development, System...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

learn how batteries are used in plug-in electric vehicles, visit the Alternative Fuels Data Center's page on batteries. Through the USABC, VTO supports a variety of research,...

229

Molten Salt Batteries and Fuel Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter describes recent work on batteries and fuel cells using molten salt electrolytes. This entails a comparison with other batteries and fuel cells utilizing aqueous and organic electrolytes; for...(1,2)

D. A. J. Swinkels

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Khalil Amine on Lithium-air Batteries  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Khalil Amine, materials scientist at Argonne National Laboratory, speaks on the new technology Lithium-air batteries, which could potentially increase energy density by 5-10 times over lithium-ion batteries.

Khalil Amine

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

231

PHEV Battery Cost Assessment | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Meeting, June 7-11, 2010 -- Washington D.C. es001barnett2010o.pdf More Documents & Publications PHEV Battery Cost Assessment PHEV and LEESS Battery Cost Assessment PHEV...

232

Design and Simulation of Lithium Rechargeable Batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A New Rechargeable Plastic Li-Ion Battery," Lithium Batteryion battery developed at Bellcore in Red Bank, NJ.1-6 The experimental prototYpe cell has the configuration: Li

Doyle, C.M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

An overview of the sustainability of solid waste management at military installations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

include universal waste, batteries, computers, and hazardousaerosol cans, lead-acid batteries, and electronic media,metal, aluminum cans, and batteries to a recycling center or

Borglin, S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Distributed Energy Systems in California's Future: A Preliminary Report Volume 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

t . q Storage. Batteries. Individual systems, asrely upon lead-acid batteries for storage. Pumped hydraulicuses which are powered by batteries and by electric power

Balderston, F.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Distributed Energy Resources On-Site Optimization for Commercial Buildings with Electric and Thermal Storage Technologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

lead/acid battery, and thermal storage, capabilities, withhour electrical flow battery 8 thermal Not all constraintslifetime ( a) thermal storage 11 flow battery absorption

Stadler, Michael

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Novel Electrolytes for Lithium Ion Batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have been investigating three primary areas related to lithium ion battery electrolytes. First, we have been investigating the thermal stability of novel electrolytes for lithium ion batteries, in particular borate based salts. Second, we have been investigating novel additives to improve the calendar life of lithium ion batteries. Third, we have been investigating the thermal decomposition reactions of electrolytes for lithium-oxygen batteries.

Lucht, Brett L

2014-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

237

Battery Thermal Management System Design Modeling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Looks at the impact of cooling strategies with air and both direct and indirect liquid cooling for battery thermal management.

Pesaran, A.; Kim, G. H.

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Jeff Chamberlain on Lithium-air batteries  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Jeff Chamberlain, technology transfer expert at Argonne National Laboratory, speaks on the new technology Lithium-air batteries, which could potentially increase energy density by 5-10 times over lithium-ion batteries. More information at http://www.anl.gov/Media_Center/News/2009/batteries090915.html

Chamberlain, Jeff

2013-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

239

Jeff Chamberlain on Lithium-air batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Jeff Chamberlain, technology transfer expert at Argonne National Laboratory, speaks on the new technology Lithium-air batteries, which could potentially increase energy density by 5-10 times over lithium-ion batteries. More information at http://www.anl.gov/Media_Center/News/2009/batteries090915.html

Chamberlain, Jeff

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Wearable Textile Battery Rechargeable by Solar Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wearable Textile Battery Rechargeable by Solar Energy ... Furthermore, the wearable textile battery was integrated with flexible and lightweight solar cells on the battery pouch to enable convenient solar-charging capabilities. ... Other groups(17-20) have also developed flexible conductive substrates by engaging carbon nanomaterials, such as graphene paper, for demonstration of similar wearable energy storage devices. ...

Yong-Hee Lee; Joo-Seong Kim; Jonghyeon Noh; Inhwa Lee; Hyeong Jun Kim; Sunghun Choi; Jeongmin Seo; Seokwoo Jeon; Taek-Soo Kim; Jung-Yong Lee; Jang Wook Choi

2013-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lead acid battery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Microbial battery for efficient energy recovery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...used for decades in batteries (19). This couple...condition in Ag 2 O/Ag batteries, the overpotential...or carbon nanotube/graphene-coated macroporous substrate, such...silver oxide-zinc batteries . Ind Eng Chem Prod Res Dev...23 Xie X ( 2012 ) Graphene-sponge as high-performance...

Xing Xie; Meng Ye; Po-Chun Hsu; Nian Liu; Craig S. Criddle; Yi Cui

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Integrated Modeling for Intelligent Battery Thermal Management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Effective thermal management is crucial to the optimal operation of lithium ion batteries and its health management. However, the thermal behaviors of batteries are governed by complex chemical process whose parameters will degrade over time and different ... Keywords: integrated modeling, distributed parameter system, battery thermal management, intelligent learning

Zhen Liu; Han-Xiong Li

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Electrothermal Analysis of Lithium Ion Batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the electrothermal analysis and testing of lithium ion battery performance. The objectives of this report are to: (1) develop an electrothermal process/model for predicting thermal performance of real battery cells and modules; and (2) use the electrothermal model to evaluate various designs to improve battery thermal performance.

Pesaran, A.; Vlahinos, A.; Bharathan, D.; Duong, T.

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Solid-state lithium battery  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention is directed to a higher power, thin film lithium-ion electrolyte on a metallic substrate, enabling mass-produced solid-state lithium batteries. High-temperature thermodynamic equilibrium processing enables co-firing of oxides and base metals, providing a means to integrate the crystalline, lithium-stable, fast lithium-ion conductor lanthanum lithium tantalate (La.sub.1/3-xLi.sub.3xTaO.sub.3) directly with a thin metal foil current collector appropriate for a lithium-free solid-state battery.

Ihlefeld, Jon; Clem, Paul G; Edney, Cynthia; Ingersoll, David; Nagasubramanian, Ganesan; Fenton, Kyle Ross

2014-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

245

Urinary Lead Exposure and Breast Cancer Risk in a Population-Based Case-Control Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...modern-day human exposure as a result of past and continuing use in automobiles and aviation fuels and in a myriad of common uses (e.g., batteries, paints, solders, glazes, plastics). Arguably, the degree of environmental lead contamination...

Jane A. McElroy; Martin M. Shafer; Ronald E. Gangnon; Luis A. Crouch; and Polly A. Newcomb

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Models for Battery Reliability and Lifetime  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Models describing battery degradation physics are needed to more accurately understand how battery usage and next-generation battery designs can be optimized for performance and lifetime. Such lifetime models may also reduce the cost of battery aging experiments and shorten the time required to validate battery lifetime. Models for chemical degradation and mechanical stress are reviewed. Experimental analysis of aging data from a commercial iron-phosphate lithium-ion (Li-ion) cell elucidates the relative importance of several mechanical stress-induced degradation mechanisms.

Smith, K.; Wood, E.; Santhanagopalan, S.; Kim, G. H.; Neubauer, J.; Pesaran, A.

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Cathode material for lithium batteries  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of manufacture an article of a cathode (positive electrode) material for lithium batteries. The cathode material is a lithium molybdenum composite transition metal oxide material and is prepared by mixing in a solid state an intermediate molybdenum composite transition metal oxide and a lithium source. The mixture is thermally treated to obtain the lithium molybdenum composite transition metal oxide cathode material.

Park, Sang-Ho; Amine, Khalil

2013-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

248

lead-isotope age  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

lead-isotope age, lead-lead age [An age in years calculated from the ratio of lead-207 to lead-206, a by-product of the uranium-thorium-lead age method] ? Blei-Isotopen-Alter n

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Vehicle Battery Basics | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Vehicle Battery Basics Vehicle Battery Basics Vehicle Battery Basics November 22, 2013 - 1:58pm Addthis Batteries are essential for electric drive technologies such as hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), and all-electric vehicles (AEVs). What is a Battery? A battery is a device that stores chemical energy and converts it on demand into electrical energy. It carries out this process through an electrochemical reaction, which is a chemical reaction involving the transfer of electrons. Batteries have three main parts, each of which plays a different role in the electrochemical reaction: the anode, cathode, and electrolyte. The anode is the "fuel" electrode (or "negative" part), which gives up electrons to the external circuit to create a flow of electrons, otherwise

250

Promising Magnesium Battery Research at ALS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Promising Magnesium Battery Research Promising Magnesium Battery Research at ALS Promising Magnesium Battery Research at ALS Print Wednesday, 23 January 2013 16:59 toyota battery a) Cross-section of the in situ electrochemical/XAS cell with annotations. b) Drawing and c) photograph of the assembled cell. Alternatives to the current lithium-ion-based car batteries are at the forefront of the automotive industry's research agenda-manufacturers want to build cars with longer battery life, and to do that they're going to have to find new solutions. One promising battery material is magnesium (Mg)-it is more dense than lithium, it is safer, and the magnesium ion carries a two-electron charge, giving it potential as a more efficient energy source. Magnesium has a high volumetric capacity, which could mean

251

SECONDARY BATTERIES LITHIUM RECHARGEABLE SYSTEMS | Overview  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rechargeable lithium batteries have conquered the markets for portable consumer electronics and, recently, for electric vehicles. Lithium, the lightest and one of the most reactive of metals, having the greatest electrochemical potential (E=3.045V), provides very high energy and power densities in batteries. As lithium metal reacts violently with water and can ignite into flame, modern lithium-ion batteries use carbon negative electrode and lithium metal oxide positive electrode. The electrolyte is usually based on a lithium salt in organic solution. Thin-film batteries use solid oxide or polymer electrolytes. Rechargeable lithium-ion batteries (containing an intercalation negative electrode) should not be confused with nonrechargeable lithium primary batteries (containing metallic lithium). This article outlines energy storage in lithium batteries, basic cell chemistry, positive electrode materials, negative electrode materials, electrolytes, and state-of-charge (SoC) monitoring.

P. Kurzweil; K. Brandt

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Molten Air -- A new, highest energy class of rechargeable batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study introduces the principles of a new class of batteries, rechargeable molten air batteries, and several battery chemistry examples are demonstrated. The new battery class uses a molten electrolyte, are quasi reversible, and have amongst the highest intrinsic battery electric energy storage capacities. Three examples of the new batteries are demonstrated. These are the iron, carbon and VB2 molten air batteries with respective intrinsic volumetric energy capacities of 10,000, 19,000 and 27,000 Wh per liter.

Licht, Stuart

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Lithium-Air Battery: High Performance Cathodes for Lithium-Air Batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

BEEST Project: Researchers at Missouri S&T are developing an affordable lithium-air (Li-Air) battery that could enable an EV to travel up to 350 miles on a single charge. Todays EVs run on Li-Ion batteries, which are expensive and suffer from low energy density compared with gasoline. This new Li-Air battery could perform as well as gasoline and store 3 times more energy than current Li-Ion batteries. A Li-Air battery uses an air cathode to breathe oxygen into the battery from the surrounding air, like a human lung. The oxygen and lithium react in the battery to produce electricity. Current Li-Air batteries are limited by the rate at which they can draw oxygen from the air. The team is designing a battery using hierarchical electrode structures to enhance air breathing and effective catalysts to accelerate electricity production.

None

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Chapter 3 - Potential of Sodium-Sulfur Battery Energy Storage to Enable Further Integration of Wind  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Wind generation is the leading alternative for environmentally responsible power generation and for energy independence in the future. However, wind power output cannot be controlled same as conventional generation, and wind is not necessarily available to serve peak load. In this chapter, the use of a Sodium Sulfur battery directly coupled with a wind farm to provide generation shifting for serving peak demand and for limiting the wind farm power output ramp-rate is discussed. Results from field operation of a 1 MW, 7.2 \\{MWh\\} Sodium Sulfur battery coupled with an 11.55 MW wind farm were provided to validate the batterys ability to successfully carry out both the tasks. It is shown that the two tasks could be combined to achieve maximum benefit. Value addition from shifting wind generation to on-peak is calculated and the optimal ratio storage to wind ratio is discussed.

Saurabh Tewari

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

acid batteries flow battery thermal n/a n/a xiv The Effectscapacity electrical flow battery thermal n/a n/a source:lead/acid battery) and thermal storage, capabilities, with

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Understanding batteries on the micro- and nanometer scale  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

In order to understand performance limitations and failure mechanisms of batteries, one has to investigate processes on the micro- and nanometer scale. A typical failure mechanism in lithium metal batteries is dendritic growth. During discharge, lithium is stripped of the anode surface and migrates to the cathode. During charge, lithium is deposited back on the anode. Repeated cycling can result in stripping and re-deposition that roughens the surface. The roughening of the surface changes the electric field and draws more metal to spikes that are beginning to grow. These can grow with tremendous mechanical force, puncture the separator, and directly connect the anode with the cathode which can create an internal short circuit. This can lead to an uncontrolled discharge reaction, which heats the cell and causes additional exothermic reactions leading to what is called thermal runaway. ORNL has developed a new technology called liquid electron microscopy. In a specially designed sample holder micro-chamber with electron-transparent windows, researchers can hold a liquid and take images of structures and particles at nanometer size. It's the first microscope holder of its kind used to investigate the inside of a battery while cycled.

None

2014-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

257

Isothermal Battery Calorimeter Technology Transfer and Development: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-12-461  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the last 15 years, NREL has been utilizing its unique expertise and capabilities to work with industry partners on battery thermal testing and electric and hybrid vehicle simulation and testing. Further information and publications about NREL's work and unique capabilities in battery testing and modeling can be found at NREL's Energy Storage website: http://www.nrel.gov/vehiclesandfuels/energystorage/. Particularly, NREL has developed and fabricated a large volume isothermal battery calorimeter that has been made available for licensing and potential commercialization (http://techportal.eere.energy.gov/technology.do/techID=394). In summer of 2011, NREL developed and fabricated a smaller version of the large volume isothermal battery calorimeter, called hereafter 'cell-scale LVBC.' NETZSCH Instruments North America, LLC is a leading company in thermal analysis, calorimetry, and determination of thermo-physical properties of materials (www.netzsch-thermal-analysis.com). NETZSCH is interested in evaluation and eventual commercialization of the NREL large volume isothermal battery calorimeter.

Pesaran, A.; Keyser, M.

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Batteries - Next-generation Li-ion batteries Breakout session  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Next-generation Li-ion batteries Next-generation Li-ion batteries EV Everywhere Workshop July 26, 2012 Breakout Session #1 - Discussion of Performance Targets and Barriers Comments on the Achievability of the Targets * Overall, everything is achievable, but, clearly, the cost targets are dramatic, particularly for AEV 300. (I have discussed this with Yet-Ming Chiang, who has a good feel for cost reductions, both their importance and interesting approaches.) * AEV 100 achievable with a good silicon/graphite composite anode and LMRNMC (unsure timeline) * AEV 300 would require cycleable Li-metal anode and UHVHC cathode (can't get there with Li-ion intercalation on both electrodes) (unsure timeline) Barriers Interfering with Reaching the Targets * Pack - too high a fraction of inactive materials/inefficient engineering designs.

259

Lithium sulfide compositions for battery electrolyte and battery electrode coatings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Method of forming lithium-containing electrolytes are provided using wet chemical synthesis. In some examples, the lithium containing electrolytes are composed of .beta.-Li.sub.3PS.sub.4 or Li.sub.4P.sub.2S.sub.7. The solid electrolyte may be a core shell material. In one embodiment, the core shell material includes a core of lithium sulfide (Li.sub.2S), a first shell of .beta.-Li.sub.3PS.sub.4 or Li.sub.4P.sub.2S.sub.7, and a second shell including one of .beta.-Li.sub.3PS.sub.4 or Li.sub.4P.sub.2S.sub.7 and carbon. The lithium containing electrolytes may be incorporated into wet cell batteries or solid state batteries.

Liang, Chengdu; Liu, Zengcai; Fu, Wujun; Lin, Zhan; Dudney, Nancy J; Howe, Jane Y; Rondinone, Adam J

2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

260

TiSnSb a new efficient negative electrode for Li-ion batteries: mechanism investigations by operando-XRD and Mossbauer techniques  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TiSnSb a new efficient negative electrode for Li-ion batteries: mechanism investigations We report the electrochemical study of TiSnSb towards Li, as a negative electrode for Li-ion batteries. TiSnSb can reversibly take up more than 5 lithiums per formula unit leading to reversible

Boyer, Edmond

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lead acid battery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Battery Ventures | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ventures (Boston) Ventures (Boston) Name Battery Ventures (Boston) Address 930 Winter Street, Suite 2500 Place Waltham, Massachusetts Zip 02451 Region Greater Boston Area Product Venture Capital Year founded 1983 Phone number (781) 478-6600 Website http://www.battery.com/ Coordinates 42.4024072°, -71.274181° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.4024072,"lon":-71.274181,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

262

VEHICLE DETAILS AND BATTERY SPECIFICATIONS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

RR0DF106791 RR0DF106791 Hybrid Propulsion System: Mild Parallel Belt-Alternator Starter (BAS) Number of Electric Machines: 1 Motor: 15 kW (peak), AC induction Battery Specifications Manufacturer: Hitachi Type: Cylindrical Lithium-ion Number of Cells: 32 Nominal Cell Voltage: 3.6 V Nominal System Voltage: 115.2 V Rated Pack Capacity: 4.4 Ah Maximum Cell Charge Voltage 2 : 4.10 V Minimum Cell Discharge Voltage 2 : 3.00 V Thermal Management: Active - Forced air Pack Weight: 65 lb BEGINNING-OF-TEST: BATTERY LABORATORY TEST RESULTS SUMMARY Vehicle Mileage and Testing Date Vehicle Odometer: 5,715 mi Date of Test: January 8, 2013 Static Capacity Test Measured Average Capacity: 3.98 Ah Measured Average Energy Capacity: 460 Wh HPPC Test Pulse Discharge Power @ 50% DOD

263

VEHICLE DETAILS AND BATTERY SPECIFICATIONS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

RRXDF106605 RRXDF106605 Hybrid Propulsion System: Mild Parallel Belt-Alternator Starter (BAS) Number of Electric Machines: 1 Motor: 15 kW (peak), AC induction Battery Specifications Manufacturer: Hitachi Type: Cylindrical Lithium-ion Number of Cells: 32 Nominal Cell Voltage: 3.6 V Nominal System Voltage: 115.2 V Rated Pack Capacity: 4.4 Ah Maximum Cell Charge Voltage 2 : 4.10 V Minimum Cell Discharge Voltage 2 : 3.00 V Thermal Management: Active - Forced air Pack Weight: 65 lb BEGINNING-OF-TEST: BATTERY LABORATORY TEST RESULTS SUMMARY Vehicle Mileage and Testing Date Vehicle Odometer: 4,244 mi Date of Test: January 9, 2013 Static Capacity Test Measured Average Capacity: 3.88 Ah Measured Average Energy Capacity: 450 Wh HPPC Test Pulse Discharge Power @ 50% DOD

264

Cascade redox flow battery systems  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A reduction/oxidation ("redox") flow battery system includes a series of electrochemical cells arranged in a cascade, whereby liquid electrolyte reacts in a first electrochemical cell (or group of cells) before being directed into a second cell (or group of cells) where it reacts before being directed to subsequent cells. The cascade includes 2 to n stages, each stage having one or more electrochemical cells. During a charge reaction, electrolyte entering a first stage will have a lower state-of-charge than electrolyte entering the nth stage. In some embodiments, cell components and/or characteristics may be configured based on a state-of-charge of electrolytes expected at each cascade stage. Such engineered cascades provide redox flow battery systems with higher energy efficiency over a broader range of current density than prior art arrangements.

Horne, Craig R.; Kinoshita, Kim; Hickey, Darren B.; Sha, Jay E.; Bose, Deepak

2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

265

Battery system with temperature sensors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A battery system includes a platform having an aperture formed therethrough, a flexible member having a generally planar configuration and extending across the aperture, wherein a portion of the flexible member is coextensive with the aperture, a cell provided adjacent the platform, and a sensor coupled to the flexible member and positioned proximate the cell. The sensor is configured to detect a temperature of the cell.

Wood, Steven J; Trester, Dale B

2014-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

266

EERE Partner Testimonials- Phil Roberts, California Lithium Battery (CalBattery)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Phil Roberts, CEO and Founder of California Lithium Battery (CalBattery), describes the new growth and development that was possible through partnering with the U.S. Department of Energy.

267

Rechargeable Batteries, Photochromics, Electrochemical Lithography: From  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Rechargeable Batteries, Photochromics, Electrochemical Lithography: From Rechargeable Batteries, Photochromics, Electrochemical Lithography: From Interfacial Studies to Practical Applications Speaker(s): Robert Kostecki Date: January 11, 2001 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Satkartar K. Kinney The constantly growing power requirements of portable electronic devices and the need for high-power batteries for electric vehicles have created a strong demand for new batteries or substantial improvements of existing ones. Fundamental problems associated with complex interfacial processes in batteries must be resolved to enhance battery performance and lifetime. An overview of the principles of electrode-electrolyte interfacial studies, experimental methods, recent results, and potential applications will be presented. Advanced instrumental techniques and

268

California Lithium Battery, Inc. | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

California California Lithium Battery, Inc. America's Next Top Energy Innovator Challenge 626 likes California Lithium Battery, Inc. Argonne National Laboratory California Lithium Battery ("CALBattery") is a start-up California company established in 2011 to develop and manufacture a breakthrough high energy density and long cycle life lithium battery for utility energy storage, transportation, and defense industries. The company is a joint venture between California-based Ionex Energy Storage Systems and CALiB Power. US production of this advanced Very Large Format (400Ah+) si-graphene LI-ion battery is scheduled to start in California in 2014. Plans are to produce the initial batteries for CALBattery JV partner Ionex Energy Storage Systems for use in 1-100MW grid scale energy storage

269

California Lithium Battery, Inc. | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

California California Lithium Battery, Inc. America's Next Top Energy Innovator Challenge 626 likes California Lithium Battery, Inc. Argonne National Laboratory California Lithium Battery ("CALBattery") is a start-up California company established in 2011 to develop and manufacture a breakthrough high energy density and long cycle life lithium battery for utility energy storage, transportation, and defense industries. The company is a joint venture between California-based Ionex Energy Storage Systems and CALiB Power. US production of this advanced Very Large Format (400Ah+) si-graphene LI-ion battery is scheduled to start in California in 2014. Plans are to produce the initial batteries for CALBattery JV partner Ionex Energy Storage Systems for use in 1-100MW grid scale energy storage

270

California Lithium Battery, Inc. | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

California California Lithium Battery, Inc. America's Next Top Energy Innovator Challenge 626 likes California Lithium Battery, Inc. Argonne National Laboratory California Lithium Battery ("CALBattery") is a start-up California company established in 2011 to develop and manufacture a breakthrough high energy density and long cycle life lithium battery for utility energy storage, transportation, and defense industries. The company is a joint venture between California-based Ionex Energy Storage Systems and CALiB Power. US production of this advanced Very Large Format (400Ah+) si-graphene LI-ion battery is scheduled to start in California in 2014. Plans are to produce the initial batteries for CALBattery JV partner Ionex Energy Storage Systems for use in 1-100MW grid scale energy storage

271

NO. REV. NO. LSPE THERMAL BATTERY TEST  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NO. REV. NO. ATM 1086 LSPE THERMAL BATTERY TEST PAGE 1 OF DATE 2/25/72 Prepared by @c!_.e,~.~ ~P. Weir Approved by ~~---:J L. Lewis 5 #12;KC::Y, NO. LSPE THERMAL BATTERY TEST ATM 1086 2 PAGE OF DATE 2-52-72 Introduction The purpose of this ATM is to document the results of a Thermal Battery test for the Lunar Seismic

Rathbun, Julie A.

272

Laboratory study on the behaviour of spent AA household alkaline batteries in incineration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The quantitative evaluation of emissions from incineration is essential when Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) studies consider this process as an end-of-life solution for some wastes. Thus, the objective of this work is to quantify the main gaseous emissions produced when spent AA alkaline batteries are incinerated. With this aim, batteries were kept for 1 h at 1273 K in a refractory steel tube hold in a horizontal electric furnace with temperature control. At one end of the refractory steel tube, a constant air flow input assures the presence of oxygen in the atmosphere and guides the gaseous emissions to a filter system followed by a set of two bubbler flasks having an aqueous solution of 10% (v/v) nitric acid. After each set of experiments, sulphur, chlorides and metals (As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Ni, Pb, Sb, Tl and Zn) were analyzed in both the solutions obtained from the steel tube washing and from the bubblers. Sulphur, chlorides and metals were quantified, respectively, using barium sulfate gravimetry, the Volhard method and atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS). The emissions of zinc, the most emitted metal, represent about 6.5% of the zinc content in the batteries. Emissions of manganese (whose oxide is the main component of the cathode) and iron (from the cathode collector) are negligible when compared with their amount in AA alkaline batteries. Mercury is the metal with higher volatility in the composition of the batteries and was collected even in the second bubbler flask. The amount of chlorides collected corresponds to about 36% of the chlorine in the battery sleeve that is made from PVC. A considerable part of the HCl formed in PVC plastic sleeve incineration is neutralized with KOH, zinc and manganese oxides and, thus, it is not totally released in the gas. Some of the emissions are predictable through a thermodynamic data analysis at temperatures in the range of 1200-1300 K taking into account the composition of the batteries. This analysis was done for most of potential reactions between components in the batteries as well as between them and the surrounding atmosphere and it reasonably agrees the experimental results. The results obtained show the role of alkaline batteries at the acid gases cleaning process, through the neutralization reactions of some of their components. Therefore, LCA of spent AA alkaline batteries at the municipal solid waste (MSW) incineration process must consider this contribution.

Almeida, Manuel F. [LEPAE, Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto, Rua Dr. Roberto Frias, 4200-465 Porto (Portugal)], E-mail: mfa@fe.up.pt; Xara, Susana M.; Delgado, Julanda; Costa, Carlos A. [LEPAE, Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto, Rua Dr. Roberto Frias, 4200-465 Porto (Portugal)

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

273

Epitaxial Single Crystal Nanostructures for Batteries & PVs ...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Electrode Channel Flow DEMS Cell Sulfur@Carbon Cathodes for Lithium Sulfur Batteries Better Ham & Cheese: Enhanced Anodes and Cathodes for Fuel Cells Epitaxial Single...

274

Block copolymer electrolytes for lithium batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

connecting to the solid-state lithium battery. c. An opticalbattery (discounting packaging, tabs, etc. ) demonstrate the advantage of the solid-state

Hudson, William Rodgers

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Battery systems performance studies - HIL components testing...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

systems performance studies - HIL components testing Battery systems performance studies - HIL components testing 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual...

276

NREL: Energy Storage - Battery Materials Synthesis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

power requirements and system integration demands of EDVs pose significant challenges to energy storage technologies. Making these materials durable enough that batteries last...

277

Autogenic Pressure Reactions for Battery Materials Manufacture...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Battery Materials Manufacture Technology available for licensing: A unique method for anode and cathode manufacture A one-step, solvent-free reaction for producing unique...

278

Ambient Operation of Li/Air Batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work, Li/air batteries based on nonaqueous electrolytes were investigated in ambient conditions (with an oxygen partial pressure of 0.21 atm and relative humidity of ~20%). A heat-sealable polymer membrane was used as both an oxygen-diffusion membrane and as a moisture barrier for Li/air batteries. The membrane also can minimize the evaporation of the electrolyte from the batteries. Li/air batteries with this membrane can operate in ambient conditions for more than one month with a specific energy of 362 Wh kg-1, based on the total weight of the battery including its packaging. Among various carbon sources used in this work, Li/air batteries using Ketjenblack (KB) carbon-based air electrodes exhibited the highest specific energy. However, KB-based air electrodes expanded significantly and absorbed much more electrolyte than electrodes made from other carbon sources. The weight distribution of a typical Li/air battery using the KB-based air electrode was dominated by the electrolyte (~70%). Lithium-metal anodes and KB-carbon anodes account for only 5.12% and 5.78% of the battery weight, respectively. We also found that only ~ 20% of the mesopore volume of the air electrode was occupied by reaction products after discharge. To further improve the specific energy of the Li/air batteries, the microstructure of the carbon electrode needs to be further improved to absorb much less electrolyte while still holding significant amounts of reaction products

Zhang, Jiguang; Wang, Deyu; Xu, Wu; Xiao, Jie; Williford, Ralph E.

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Side Reactions in Lithium-Ion Batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

efforts to develop new high-energy materials such as siliconNew Cathode Material for Batteries of High- Energy Density.

Tang, Maureen Han-Mei

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Sandia National Laboratories: Batteries & Energy Storage Publications  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Radioactive Waste Prioritized Safeguards and Security Issues for extended Storage of Used Nuclear Fuel Research to Improve Transportation Energy Storage Fact Sheet Sandia's Battery...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lead acid battery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

High Voltage Electrolyte for Lithium Batteries  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

battery using high voltage high energy cathode materials to enable large-scale, cost competitive production of the next generation of electric-drive vehicles. To...

282

Celgard and Entek - Battery Separator Development  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Celgard and Entek Battery Separator Development Harshad Tataria R. Pekala, Ron Smith USABC May 19, 2009 Project ID es08tataria This presentation does not contain any...

283

USABC Battery Separator Development | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation es007smith2011p.pdf More Documents & Publications USABC Battery Separator Development Overview...

284

Kayo Battery Industries Group | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vehicles Product: Shenzhen-based company, started by Hong Kong Highpower Technology and Japan Kayo Group, active in producing Lithium and NiMH batteries for various applications...

285

High Energy Density Na-S/NiCl2 Hybrid Battery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High temperature (250-350C) sodium-beta alumina batteries (NBBs) are attractive energy storage devices for renewable energy integration and other grid related applications. Currently, two technologies are commercially available in NBBs, e.g., sodium-sulfur (Na-S) battery and sodium-metal halide (ZEBRA) batteries. In this study, we investigated the combination of these two chemistries with a mixed cathode. In particular, the cathode of the cell consisted of molten NaAlCl4 as a catholyte and a mixture of Ni, NaCl and Na2S as active materials. During cycling, two reversible plateaus were observed in cell voltage profiles, which matched electrochemical reactions for Na-S and Na-NiCl2 redox couples. An irreversible reaction between sulfur species and Ni was identified during initial charge at 280C, which caused a decrease in cell capacity. The final products on discharge included Na2Sn with 1< n < 3, which differed from Na2S3 found in traditional Na-S battery. Reduction of sulfur in the mixed cathode led to an increase in overall energy density over ZEBRA batteries. Despite of the initial drop in cell capacity, the mixed cathode demonstrated relatively stable cycling with more than 95% of capacity retained over 60 cycles under 10mA/cm2. Optimization of the cathode may lead to further improvements in battery performance.

Lu, Xiaochuan; Lemmon, John P.; Kim, Jin Yong; Sprenkle, Vincent L.; Yang, Zhenguo (Gary) [Gary

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

286

Benefits of battery-uItracapacitor hybrid energy storage systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis explores the benefits of battery and battery-ultracapacitor hybrid energy storage systems (ESSs) in pulsed-load applications. It investigates and quantifies the benefits of the hybrid ESS over its battery-only ...

Smith, Ian C., S.M. (Ian Charles). Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Are Batteries Ready for Plug-in Hybrid Buyers?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

237253. Burke, A. , 2007. Batteries and ultracapacitors forresults with lithium-ion batteries. In: Proceedings (CD)locate/tranpol Are batteries ready for plug-in hybrid

Axsen, Jonn; Burke, Andy; Kurani, Kenneth S

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Batteries as they are meant to be seen | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Batteries as they are meant to be seen Batteries as they are meant to be seen The search for long-lasting, inexpensive rechargeable batteries Researchers have developed a way to...

289

Vehicle Technologies Office: Advanced Battery Development, System Analysis, and Testing  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

To develop better lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries for plug-in electric vehicles, researchers must integrate the advances made in exploratory battery materials and applied battery research into full...

290

Challenges and Prospects of LithiumSulfur Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

His research interests are in the area of materials for rechargeable batteries, fuel cells, and solar cells, including novel synthesis approaches for nanomaterials. ... Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries have the highest energy density among the rechargeable battery chemistries. ...

Arumugam Manthiram; Yongzhu Fu; Yu-Sheng Su

2012-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

291

MATHEMATICAL MODELING OF THE LITHIUM-ALUMINUM, IRON SULFIDE BATTERY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

operation and thermal management of battery modules may alsoneed for careful thermal ment of battery modules. manage~ Atfor precise thermal management of LiAl/FeS battery modules.

Pollard, Richard

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Thermal behavior simulation of Ni/MH battery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermal behavior of overcharged Ni/MH battery is studied with microcalorimeter. The battery is installed in a special device in ... Quantity of heat and heat capacity of the battery charged at different state of ...

DaHe Li; Kai Yang; Shi Chen; Feng Wu

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Improved Positive Electrode Materials for Li-ion Batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the assembled Li-ion battery, such as the operating1-4: Schematic of a Li-ion battery. Li + ions are shuttledprocessing of active Li-ion battery materials. Various

Conry, Thomas Edward

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Flexographically Printed Rechargeable Zinc-based Battery for Grid Energy Storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the rechargeable battery industry. Li-ion batteries rapidlyLi-ion chemistry. For grid storage applications, several other rechargeable batteryLi-ion batteries, because cadmium is highly toxic. In 1991, lithium-ion battery

Wang, Zuoqian

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Building Technologies Office: Battery Chargers and External Power Supplies  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Battery Chargers and Battery Chargers and External Power Supplies Framework Document Public Meeting to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Battery Chargers and External Power Supplies Framework Document Public Meeting on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Battery Chargers and External Power Supplies Framework Document Public Meeting on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Battery Chargers and External Power Supplies Framework Document Public Meeting on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Battery Chargers and External Power Supplies Framework Document Public Meeting on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Battery Chargers and External Power Supplies Framework Document Public Meeting on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Battery

296

Department of Energy Will Hold a Batteries and Energy Storage...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Department of Energy Will Hold a Batteries and Energy Storage Information Meeting on October 21, 2011 Department of Energy Will Hold a Batteries and Energy Storage Information...

297

USABC Development of Advanced High-Performance Batteries for...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

USABC Development of Advanced High-Performance Batteries for EV Applications USABC Development of Advanced High-Performance Batteries for EV Applications 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel...

298

Polymers For Advanced Lithium Batteries | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Polymers For Advanced Lithium Batteries Polymers For Advanced Lithium Batteries 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and...

299

High-Voltage Solid Polymer Batteries for Electric Drive Vehicles...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

High-Voltage Solid Polymer Batteries for Electric Drive Vehicles High-Voltage Solid Polymer Batteries for Electric Drive Vehicles 2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and...

300

Polymers For Advanced Lithium Batteries | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Polymers For Advanced Lithium Batteries Polymers For Advanced Lithium Batteries 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lead acid battery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Overview of the Batteries for Advanced Transportation Technologies...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

of the Batteries for Advanced Transportation Technologies (BATT) Program Overview of the Batteries for Advanced Transportation Technologies (BATT) Program Presentation from the...

302

High-Voltage Solid Polymer Batteries for Electric Drive Vehicles...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

High-Voltage Solid Polymer Batteries for Electric Drive Vehicles High-Voltage Solid Polymer Batteries for Electric Drive Vehicles 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and...

303

Computer-Aided Engineering for Electric Drive Vehicle Batteries...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Computer-Aided Engineering for Electric Drive Vehicle Batteries (CAEBAT) Computer-Aided Engineering for Electric Drive Vehicle Batteries (CAEBAT) 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells...

304

Development of Polymer Electrolytes for Advanced Lithium Batteries...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Development of Polymer Electrolytes for Advanced Lithium Batteries Development of Polymer Electrolytes for Advanced Lithium Batteries 2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and...

305

Overview and Progress of the Batteries for Advanced Transportation...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Progress of the Batteries for Advanced Transportation Technologies (BATT) Activity Overview and Progress of the Batteries for Advanced Transportation Technologies (BATT)...

306

NREL: Transportation Research - Innovative Way to Test Batteries...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Innovative Way to Test Batteries Fills a Market Niche A square piece of machinery with a lid that opens upwards NETZSCH's Isothermal Battery Calorimeter (IBC 284), developed by...

307

Electrolytes - R&D for Advanced Lithium Batteries. Interfacial...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

R&D for Advanced Lithium Batteries. Interfacial Behavior of Electrolytes Electrolytes - R&D for Advanced Lithium Batteries. Interfacial Behavior of Electrolytes 2012 DOE Hydrogen...

308

Development of Computer-Aided Design Tools for Automotive Batteries...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

More Documents & Publications Progress of Computer-Aided Engineering of Batteries (CAEBAT) Computer-Aided Engineering for Electric Drive Vehicle Batteries (CAEBAT)...

309

Overcharge Protection for PHEV Batteries | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Overcharge Protection for PHEV Batteries Overcharge Protection for PHEV Batteries 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and...

310

Overview of the Batteries for Advanced Transportation Technologies...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Overview of the Batteries for Advanced Transportation Technologies (BATT) Program Overview of the Batteries for Advanced Transportation Technologies (BATT) Program 2010 DOE Vehicle...

311

Overview of the Batteries for Advanced Transportation Technologies...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Overview of the Batteries for Advanced Transportation Technologies (BATT) Program Overview of the Batteries for Advanced Transportation Technologies (BATT) Program 2009 DOE...

312

Manipulating the Surface Reactions in Lithium Sulfur Batteries...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Manipulating the Surface Reactions in Lithium Sulfur Batteries Using Hybrid Anode Structures. Manipulating the Surface Reactions in Lithium Sulfur Batteries Using Hybrid Anode...

313

By losing their shape, material fails batteries | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

By losing their shape, material fails batteries By losing their shape, material fails batteries Too many electrons at the lithiation front in silicon are a problem Molecular...

314

Characterization of Li-ion Batteries using Neutron Diffraction...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Li-ion Batteries using Neutron Diffraction and Infrared Imaging Techniques Characterization of Li-ion Batteries using Neutron Diffraction and Infrared Imaging Techniques 2011 DOE...

315

Rechargeable Heat Battery's Secret Revealed: Solar Energy Capture...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Rechargeable Heat Battery Rechargeable Heat Battery's Secret Revealed Solar energy capture in chemical form makes it storable and transportable January 11, 2011 | Tags: Chemistry,...

316

EV Everywhere: Innovative Battery Research Powering Up Plug-In...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

EV Everywhere: Innovative Battery Research Powering Up Plug-In Electric Vehicles EV Everywhere: Innovative Battery Research Powering Up Plug-In Electric Vehicles January 24, 2014 -...

317

Hierarchically Porous Graphene as a Lithium-Air Battery Electrode...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hierarchically Porous Graphene as a Lithium-Air Battery Electrode. Hierarchically Porous Graphene as a Lithium-Air Battery Electrode. Abstract: Functionalized graphene sheets (FGS)...

318

Reality Check: Cheaper Batteries are GOOD for America's Electric...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Reality Check: Cheaper Batteries are GOOD for America's Electric Vehicle Manufacturers Reality Check: Cheaper Batteries are GOOD for America's Electric Vehicle Manufacturers...

319

Automotive Li-ion Battery Cooling Requirements | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Automotive Li-ion Battery Cooling Requirements Presents thermal management of lithium-ion battery packs for electric vehicles cunningham.pdf More Documents & Publications...

320

New INL High Energy Battery Test Facility | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

INL High Energy Battery Test Facility New INL High Energy Battery Test Facility 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lead acid battery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

NREL Battery Thermal and Life Test Facility | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

NREL Battery Thermal and Life Test Facility NREL Battery Thermal and Life Test Facility 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit...

322

Abuse Testing of High Power Batteries | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Testing of High Power Batteries Abuse Testing of High Power Batteries 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting,...

323

Overview and Progress of the Battery Testing, Analysis, and Design...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Battery Testing, Analysis, and Design Activity Overview and Progress of the Battery Testing, Analysis, and Design Activity 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle...

324

Energy Management Strategies for Fast Battery Temperature Rise...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Management Strategies for Fast Battery Temperature Rise and Engine Efficiency Improvement at Very Cold Conditions Energy Management Strategies for Fast Battery Temperature...

325

Li-Ion Battery Cell Manufacturing | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Li-Ion Battery Cell Manufacturing Li-Ion Battery Cell Manufacturing 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer...

326

PHEV and LEESS Battery Cost Assessment | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

PHEV and LEESS Battery Cost Assessment PHEV and LEESS Battery Cost Assessment 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and...

327

Saft America Advanced Batteries Plant Celebrates Grand Opening...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Saft America Advanced Batteries Plant Celebrates Grand Opening in Jacksonville Saft America Advanced Batteries Plant Celebrates Grand Opening in Jacksonville September 16, 2011 -...

328

Leading Edge Technologies Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Leading Edge Technologies Inc Leading Edge Technologies Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Leading Edge Technologies Inc Place Lakeland, Florida Product Profitable manufacturer of lithium ion batteries for consumer electronics makers that merged with Skylab Technologies Group Inc in September 2001 to form Solicore. Coordinates 35.264796°, -89.724114° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.264796,"lon":-89.724114,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

329

Battery driven 8 channel pulse height analyzer with compact, single gamma-peak display  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention comprises a hand-held wand including an l.e.d. display and a aI photomultiplier tube encased in lead or other suitable gamma shielding material, and an electronics and battery back-pack package connected to the wand.

Morgan, John P. (Idaho Falls, ID); Piper, Thomas C. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Improved lithiumsulfur batteries with a conductive coating on the separator to prevent the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

diffuse throughout the whole cell, leading to the shuttle effect and capacity loss of active materials the accumulation of inactive S-related species at the cathode�separator interface Hongbin Yao,a Kai Yan,a Weiyang this separator design with a monodisperse sulfur nanoparticle cathode, we show Li�S batteries with a life of over

Cui, Yi

331

Thin film buried anode battery  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A reverse configuration, lithium thin film battery (300) having a buried lithium anode layer (305) and process for making the same. The present invention is formed from a precursor composite structure (200) made by depositing electrolyte layer (204) onto substrate (201), followed by sequential depositions of cathode layer (203) and current collector (202) on the electrolyte layer. The precursor is subjected to an activation step, wherein a buried lithium anode layer (305) is formed via electroplating a lithium anode layer at the interface of substrate (201) and electrolyte film (204). The electroplating is accomplished by applying a current between anode current collector (201) and cathode current collector (202).

Lee, Se-Hee (Lakewood, CO); Tracy, C. Edwin (Golden, CO); Liu, Ping (Denver, CO)

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

332

Graphene/Li-ion battery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Density function theory calculations were carried out to clarify storage states of Lithium (Li) ions in graphene clusters. The adsorption energy spin polarization charge distribution electronic gap surface curvature and dipole momentum were calculated for each cluster. Li-ion adsorbed graphene doped by one Li atom is spin polarized so there would be different gaps for different spin polarization in electrons. Calculation results demonstrated that a smaller cluster between each two larger clusters is preferable because it could improve grapheneLi-ion batteries; consequently the most proper graphene anode structure has been proposed.

Narjes Kheirabadi; Azizollah Shafiekhani

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Pioneering battery maker files for bankruptcy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Ultimately, the fate of US battery makers will remain tied to that of the electric car itself. And for now, no battery technology can compete cost-wise with the internal ... cost-wise with the internal combustion engine. The outlook in the near future for electric cars does not look that promising, says Daniel Scherson, an electrochemist at Case Western ...

Devin Powell

2012-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

334

Transparent lithium-ion batteries , Sangmoo Jeongb  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and solar cells; however, transparent batteries, a key component in fully integrated transparent devices by a microfluidics-assisted method. The feature dimension in the electrode is below the resolution limit of human (11), and solar cells (12­14). However, the battery, a key component in portable electronics, has

Cui, Yi

335

Argonne Transportation - Lithium Battery Technology Patents  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Awarded Lithium Battery Technology Patents Awarded Lithium Battery Technology Patents "Composite-structure" material is a promising battery electrode for electric vehicles Argonne National Laboratory has been granted two U.S. patents (U.S. Pat. 6,677,082 and U.S. Pat. 6,680,143) on new "composite-structure" electrode materials for rechargeable lithium-ion batteries. Electrode compositions of this type are receiving worldwide attention. Such electrodes offer superior cost and safety features over state-of-the-art LiCoO2 electrodes that power conventional lithium-ion batteries. Moreover, they demonstrate outstanding cycling stability and can be charged and discharged at high rates, making them excellent candidates to replace LiCoO2 for consumer electronic applications and hybrid electric vehicles.

336

Paper Battery Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Paper Battery Co Paper Battery Co Jump to: navigation, search Name Paper Battery Co. Place Troy, New York Zip 12180 Product Paper Battery Co. is constructing a hybrid ultracapacitor/battery which yeilds high power and energy density. The material used is a nano-porous cellulous. Coordinates 39.066587°, -80.768578° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.066587,"lon":-80.768578,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

337

Towards Safer Lithium-Ion Batteries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Towards Safer Lithium-Ion Batteries Towards Safer Lithium-Ion Batteries Speaker(s): Guoying Chen Date: October 25, 2007 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Venkat Srinivasan Safety problems associated with rechargeable lithium batteries are now well recognized. Recent spectacular fires involving cell phones, laptops, and (here at LBNL) AA cells have made the news. These events are generally caused by overcharging and subsequent development of internal shorts. Before these batteries can be used in vehicle applications, improvement in cell safety is a must. We have been active in the area of lithium battery safety for many years. For example, a versatile, inexpensive overcharge protection approach developed in our laboratory, uses an electroactive polymer to act as a reversible, self-actuating, low resistance internal

338

The BATINTREC process for reclaiming used batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Integrated Battery Recycling (BATINTREC) process is an innovative technology for the recycling of used batteries and electronic waste, which combines vacuum metallurgical reprocessing and a ferrite synthesis process. Vacuum metallurgical reprocessing can be used to reclaim the mercury (Hg) in the dry batteries and the cadmium (Cd) in the Ni-Cd batteries. The ferrite synthesis process reclaims the other heavy metals by synthesizing ferrite in a liquid phase. Mixtures of manganese oxide and carbon black are also produced in the ferrite synthesis process. The effluent from the process is recycled, thus significantly minimizing its discharge. The heavy metal contents of the effluent could meet the Integrated Wastewater Discharge Standard of China if the ratio of the crushed battery scrap and powder to FeSO{sub 4}{center_dot}7H{sub 2}O is set at 1:6. This process could not only stabilize the heavy metals, but also recover useful resource from the waste.

Xia Yueqing; Li Guojian

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Multi-cell storage battery  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A multi-cell storage battery, in particular to a lithium storage battery, which contains a temperature control device and in which groups of one or more individual cells arranged alongside one another are separated from one another by a thermally insulating solid layer whose coefficient of thermal conductivity lies between 0.01 and 0.2 W/(m*K), the thermal resistance of the solid layer being greater by at least a factor .lambda. than the thermal resistance of the individual cell. The individual cell is connected, at least in a region free of insulating material, to a heat exchanger, the thermal resistance of the heat exchanger in the direction toward the neighboring cell being selected to be greater by at least a factor .lambda. than the thermal resistance of the individual cell and, in addition, the thermal resistance of the heat exchanger toward the temperature control medium being selected to be smaller by at least a factor of about 10 than the thermal resistance of the individual cell, and .lambda. being the ratio of the energy content of the individual cell to the amount of energy that is needed to trigger a thermally induced cell failure at a defined upper operating temperature limit.

Brohm, Thomas (Hattersheim, DE); Bottcher, Friedhelm (Kelkheim, DE)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Electrode-active material for electrochemical batteries and method of preparation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A battery electrode material comprises a non-stoichiometric electrode-active material which forms a redox pair with the battery electrolyte, an electrically conductive polymer present in the range of from about 2% by weight to about 5% by weight of the electrode-active material, and a binder. The conductive polymer provides improved proton or ion conductivity and is a ligand resulting in metal ion or negative ion vacancies of less than about 0.1 atom percent. Specific electrodes of nickel and lead are disclosed.

Varma, R.

1983-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lead acid battery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Learning Policies For Battery Usage Optimization in Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

algorithmic chal- lenge. 1 Introduction Electric vehicles, partially or fully powered by batteries, are oneLearning Policies For Battery Usage Optimization in Electric Vehicles Stefano Ermon, Yexiang Xue for the widespread adoption of electric vehicles. Multi-battery systems that combine a standard battery

Bejerano, Gill

342

Understanding human-battery interaction on mobile phones  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mobile phone users have to deal with limited battery lifetime through a reciprocal process we call human-battery interaction (HBI). We conducted three user studies in order to understand HBI and discover the problems in existing mobile phone designs. ... Keywords: batteries, human-battery interaction, mobile phones, power management

Ahmad Rahmati; Angela Qian; Lin Zhong

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Solid electrolytes for battery applications a theoretical perspective a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

solid state batteries at the present time. · Several companies are involved in all solids state batterySolid electrolytes for battery applications ­ a theoretical perspective a Natalie Holzwarth ion batteries Solid electrolytes Advantages 1. Excellent chemical and physical stability. 2. Perform

Holzwarth, Natalie

344

Aqueous Cathode for Next-Generation Alkali-Ion Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The aqueous cathode in the flow-through mode can be individually stored in a fuel tank, which reduces the volume of the battery and increases the design flexibility of the battery structure, as shown in Figure 1. ... Unlike previous lithium?water batteries, the aqueous cathode is not plagued by H2 evolution from the solution, and the battery is efficiently rechargeable. ...

Yuhao Lu; John B. Goodenough; Youngsik Kim

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

345

BROADBAND IDENTIFICATION OF BATTERY ELECTRICAL IMPEDANCE FOR HEV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­ CEA LETI/LITEN; P. Granjon ­ GIPSA-Lab; Abstract -- In recent years, Li-ion batteries have been for the broadband monitoring of a battery. Keywords-- battery impedance, spectroscopy, broadband signals, Li-ion system of EV and HEV. Li-ion battery technology is believed to be the most attractive

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

346

Lithium Metal Anodes for Rechargeable Batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rechargeable lithium metal batteries have much higher energy density than those of lithium ion batteries using graphite anode. Unfortunately, uncontrollable dendritic lithium growth inherent in these batteries (upon repeated charge/discharge cycling) and limited Coulombic efficiency during lithium deposition/striping has prevented their practical application over the past 40 years. With the emerging of post Li-ion batteries, safe and efficient operation of lithium metal anode has become an enabling technology which may determine the fate of several promising candidates for the next generation of energy storage systems, including rechargeable Li-air battery, Li-S battery, and Li metal battery which utilize lithium intercalation compounds as cathode. In this work, various factors which affect the morphology and Coulombic efficiency of lithium anode will be analyzed. Technologies used to characterize the morphology of lithium deposition and the results obtained by modeling of lithium dendrite growth will also be reviewed. At last, recent development in this filed and urgent need in this field will also be discussed.

Xu, Wu; Wang, Jiulin; Ding, Fei; Chen, Xilin; Nasybulin, Eduard N.; Zhang, Yaohui; Zhang, Jiguang

2014-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

347

Drinking Water Problems: Lead  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lead in drinking water can damage the brain, kidneys, nervous system and red blood cells. This publication explains how lead can enter drinking water, how to have your water tested, and how to eliminate lead from drinking water....

Dozier, Monty; McFarland, Mark L.

2004-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

348

Argonne TTRDC - Publications - Transforum 10.2 - Battery Facilities  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

New Battery Facilities Will Help Accelerate Commercialization of Technologies New Battery Facilities Will Help Accelerate Commercialization of Technologies Gang Cheng tests batteries At existing Argonne battery testing labs, researcher Gang Cheng conducts an experiment to detect moisture in battery electrolytes. Moisture is detrimental to the performance and longevity of battery cells. Argonne will soon have three new battery facilities to bolster its research and development of battery materials and batteries for hybrid electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and all other electric vehicles. The Lab was recently awarded $8.8 million in American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) funding to build a Battery Prototype Cell Fabrication Facility, a Materials Production Scale-Up Facility and a Post-Test Analysis Facility.

349

Argonne TTRDC - APRF - Research Activities - Ultracapacitors with Batteries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Active Combination of Ultracapacitors with Batteries for PHEVs Active Combination of Ultracapacitors with Batteries for PHEVs Ultracapacitors Ultracapacitors will dramatically boost the power of lithium-ion batteries, enabling plug-in vehicles to travel much further on a single charge. Lithium-ion battery The newest generation of lithium-ion battery (foreground) has an energy density three times that of the batteries in today's electric cars (background). Argonne researchers are investigating the benefits of combining ultracapacitors with lithium-ion batteries. This combination can dramatically boost the power of lithium-ion batteries, offering a potential solution to the battery-related challenges facing electric vehicles. This technology can: Exponentially increase the calendar and cycle lifetimes of lithium-ion batteries

350

Redox Flow Batteries: An Engineering Perspective  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Redox flow batteries are well suited to provide modular and scalable energy storage systems for a wide range of energy storage applications. In this paper, we review the development of redox flow battery technology including recent advances in new redox active materials and systems. We discuss cost, performance, and reliability metrics that are critical for deployment of large flow battery systems. The technology, while relatively young, has the potential for significant improvement through reduced materials costs, improved energy and power efficiency, and significant reduction in the overall system cost.

Chalamala, Babu R.; Soundappan, Thiagarajan; Fisher, Graham R.; Anstey, Mitchell A.; Viswanathan, Vilayanur V.; Perry, Mike L.

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

APPLICATIONS PORTABLE | Military: Batteries and Fuel Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electrical power supply is a critical issue for all parts of modern armies, including today's and future foot soldiers. Batteries are the fundamental source of energy supply. However, where today mainly primary batteries are used in battlefield operations, future scenarios will more likely use secondary batteries in combination with fuel cells for recharging. Thereby, two lines of development are currently being pursued: larger recharging units in the range of 250W carried by entire squads and smaller fuel cells in the range of 25W carried by individual soldiers most likely as part of a soldier energy network.

C. Cremers; J. Tbke; M. Krausa

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Evolution of Strategies for Modern Rechargeable Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(3) Electrochemical Energy Storage and Conversion: Interrupted by the first energy crisis and a move to the University of Oxford, England, he has used his experience with oxides to develop electrodes and solid electrolytes for rechargeable batteries and for the solid oxide fuel cell. ... The sodiumsulfur battery has also opened the door to consideration of other high-temperature battery configurations, viz. a gaseous fuel-cell/electrolysis-cell cycle via an Fe/FeOx oxidation/reduction, based on the solid-oxide fuel-cell technology. ... composites constitute flowable semi-solid fuels that are here charged and discharged in prototype flow cells. ...

John B. Goodenough

2012-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

353

Getting the Lead Out  

DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

Discarded electronics no longer pose an environmental hazard from lead solder thanks to a lead-free alternative developed at the Ames Laboratory.

Gibson, Kerry

2011-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

354

Role of Recycling in the Life Cycle of Batteries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ROLE OF RECYCLING IN THE LIFE CYCLE OF BATTERIES ROLE OF RECYCLING IN THE LIFE CYCLE OF BATTERIES J.L. Sullivan, L. Gaines, and A. Burnham Argonne National Laboratory, Energy Systems Division Keywords: battery, materials, recycling, energy Abstract Over the last few decades, rechargeable battery production has increased substantially. Applications including phones, computers, power tools, power storage, and electric-drive vehicles are either commonplace or will be in the next decade or so. Because advanced rechargeable batteries, like those

355

EV Everywhere Batteries Workshop- Next Generation Lithium Ion Batteries Breakout Session Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Breakout session presentation for the EV Everywhere Grand Challenge: Battery Workshop on July 26, 2012 held at the Doubletree O'Hare, Chicago, IL.

356

Improved layered mixed transition metal oxides for Li-ion batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for rechargeable lithium batteries," Science 311(5763), 977-^ for Advanced Lithium-Ion Batteries," J. Electrochem. Soc.02 for lithium-ion batteries," Chem. Lett. , [3] Yabuuchi,

Doeff, Marca M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Surface reconstruction and chemical evolution of stoichiometric layered cathode materials for lithium-ion batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Li-Rich Layered Oxides for Lithium Batteries. Nano Lett. 13,O 2 Cathode Material in Lithium Ion Batteries. Adv. Energysolvent decomposition in lithium ion batteries: first-

Lin, Feng

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Structural Integration of Silicon Solar Cells and Lithium-ion Batteries Using Printed Electronics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

solid state battery ..of the thin-film solid state battery is shown in Fig. 13.the thin-film solid state battery. CHAPTER FIVE Performance

Kang, Jin Sung

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

AEA Battery Systems Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AEA Battery Systems Ltd AEA Battery Systems Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name AEA Battery Systems Ltd Place Caithness, United Kingdom Zip KW14 7XW Product Designs, manufactures and supplies specialist lithium-ion high performance cells and batteries. Coordinates 36.482929°, -94.323563° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":36.482929,"lon":-94.323563,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

360

Coda Battery Systems | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Coda Battery Systems Coda Battery Systems Jump to: navigation, search Name Coda Battery Systems Place Enfield, Connecticut Sector Vehicles Product Connecticut-based joint venture producing lithium-ion batteries for electric vehicles. Coordinates 36.181032°, -77.662805° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":36.181032,"lon":-77.662805,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lead acid battery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Recycling of Li-Ion Batteries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 1 Linda Gaines Center for Transportation Research Argonne National Laboratory Recycling of Li-Ion Batteries Illinois Sustainable Technology Center University of Illinois We don't want to trade one crisis for another!  Battery material shortages are unlikely - We demonstrated that lithium demand can be met - Recycling mitigates potential scarcity  Life-cycle analysis checks for unforeseen impacts  We need to find something to do with the used materials - Safe - Economical 2 We answer these questions to address material supply issues  How many electric-drive vehicles will be sold in the US and world-wide?  What kind of batteries might they use? - How much lithium would each battery use?  How much lithium would be needed each year?

362

Electric Fuel Battery Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fuel Battery Corporation Fuel Battery Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name Electric Fuel Battery Corporation Place Auburn, Alabama Zip 36832 Product Develops and manufactures BA-8180/U high power zinc-air battery for military applications. Coordinates 42.79301°, -110.997909° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.79301,"lon":-110.997909,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

363

From corrosion to batteries: Electrochemical interface studies...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

From corrosion to batteries: Electrochemical interface studies Thursday, October 18, 2012 - 11:00am SSRL, Bldg. 137, Rm 226 Dr. Frank Uwe Renner Max-Planck-Institut fr...

364

Design of a thermophotovoltaic battery substitute  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many military platforms that currently use the BA-5590 primary battery or the BB-390A/U rechargeable battery are limited in performance by low storage capacity and long recharge times. Thermo Power Corporation with team members JX Crystals and Essential Research Inc. is developing an advanced thermophotovoltaic (TPV) battery substitute that will provide higher storage capacity lower weight and instantaneous recharging (by refueling). The TPV battery substitute incorporates several advanced design features including: an evacuated and sealed enclosure for the emitter and PV cells to minimize unwanted convection heat transfer from the emitter to PV cells; selective tungsten emitter with a well matched gallium antimonide PV cell receiver; optical filter to recycle nonconvertible radiant energy; and a silicon carbide thermal recuperator to recover thermal energy from exhaust gases.

Edward F. Doyle; Frederick E. Becker; Kailash C. Shukla; Lewis M. Fraas

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Sulphur back in vogue for batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... densities and relative safety are more important than the thousands of charge cycles a commercial electric car requires. Researchers do not expect to see a commercial lithiumsulphur battery before the ...

Richard Van Noorden

2013-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

366

Vehicle Technologies Office: Applied Battery Research  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Applied battery research addresses the barriers facing the lithium-ion systems that are closest to meeting the technical energy and power requirements for hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) and electric...

367

Memorandum to DOE re Battery Chargers  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

We are following up on our meeting with DOE on August 7, 2014. During the meeting, several topics were identified as warranting further investigation as related to battery chargers, including...

368

Membrane-less hydrogen bromine flow battery  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In order for the widely discussed benefits of flow batteries for electrochemical energy storage to be applied at large scale, the cost of the electrochemical stack must come down substantially. One promising avenue for ...

Braff, William A.

369

NREL: Energy Storage - Isothermal Battery Calorimeters  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

100 Maximum Constant Heat Generation (W) 50 150 4,000 Working with Industry to Fine-Tune Energy Storage Designs The IBCs' capabilities make it possible for battery developers to...

370

A monolithically integrated thermo-adsorptive battery .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??A rechargeable thermal battery based on advanced zeolite or metal-organic framework water adsorbents promises extremely high capacity for both cooling (>800 kJ/L) and heating (>1150 (more)

McKay, Ian Salmon

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

How Advanced Batteries Are Energizing the Economy  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Earlier today, President Obama visited Johnson Controls in Holland, Michigan to highlight how this once shuttered factory is helping rev up the advanced battery industry in the United States. This...

372

Intercalation dynamics in lithium-ion batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new continuum model has been proposed by Singh, Ceder, and Bazant for the ion intercalation dynamics in a single crystal of rechargeable-battery electrode materials. It is based on the Cahn-Hilliard equation coupled to ...

Burch, Damian

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

A High-Performance PHEV Battery Pack  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

cooling system we have developed in our previous program with respect to mass, volume, cost and power demand. Deliver cells and battery packs to USABC for testing. Tasks OEM...

374

USABC Battery Separator Development | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, June 7-11, 2010 -- Washington D.C. es007smith2010o.pdf More Documents & Publications USABC Battery Separator Development Celgard...

375

Washington: Battery Manufacturer Brings Material Production Home...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) funds from EERE, built a new plant to produce nano-engineered carbon materials for batteries and other energy storage devices that can be...

376

High-discharge-rate lithium ion battery  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides for a lithium ion battery and process for creating such, comprising higher binder to carbon conductor ratios than presently used in the industry. The battery is characterized by much lower interfacial resistances at the anode and cathode as a result of initially mixing a carbon conductor with a binder, then with the active material. Further improvements in cycleability can also be realized by first mixing the carbon conductor with the active material first and then adding the binder.

Liu, Gao; Battaglia, Vincent S; Zheng, Honghe

2014-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

377

Lithium-Polysulfide Flow Battery Demonstration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this video, Stanford graduate student Wesley Zheng demonstrates the new low-cost, long-lived flow battery he helped create. The researchers created this miniature system using simple glassware. Adding a lithium polysulfide solution to the flask immediately produces electricity that lights an LED. A utility version of the new battery would be scaled up to store many megawatt-hours of energy.

Zheng, Wesley

2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

378

A zinc-air battery and flywheel zero emission vehicle  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In response to the 1990 Clean Air Act, the California Air Resources Board (CARB) developed a compliance plan known as the Low Emission Vehicle Program. An integral part of that program was a sales mandate to the top seven automobile manufacturers requiring the percentage of Zero Emission Vehicles (ZEVs) sold in California to be 2% in 1998, 5% in 2001 and 10% by 2003. Currently available ZEV technology will probably not meet customer demand for range and moderate cost. A potential option to meet the CARB mandate is to use two Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) technologies, namely, zinc-air refuelable batteries (ZARBs) and electromechanical batteries (EMBs, i. e., flywheels) to develop a ZEV with a 384 kilometer (240 mile) urban range. This vehicle uses a 40 kW, 70 kWh ZARB for energy storage combined with a 102 kW, 0.5 kWh EMB for power peaking. These technologies are sufficiently near-term and cost-effective to plausibly be in production by the 1999-2001 time frame for stationary and initial vehicular applications. Unlike many other ZEVs currently being developed by industry, our proposed ZEV has range, acceleration, and size consistent with larger conventional passenger vehicles available today. Our life-cycle cost projections for this technology are lower than for Pb-acid battery ZEVs. We have used our Hybrid Vehicle Evaluation Code (HVEC) to simulate the performance of the vehicle and to size the various components. The use of conservative subsystem performance parameters and the resulting vehicle performance are discussed in detail.

Tokarz, F.; Smith, J.R.; Cooper, J.; Bender, D.; Aceves, S.

1995-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

379

Recent advances in lithiumsulfur batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Lithiumsulfur (LiS) batteries have attracted much attention lately because they have very high theoretical specific energy (2500Whkg?1), five times higher than that of the commercial LiCoO2/graphite batteries. As a result, they are strong contenders for next-generation energy storage in the areas of portable electronics, electric vehicles, and storage systems for renewable energy such as wind power and solar energy. However, poor cycling life and low capacity retention are main factors limiting their commercialization. To date, a large number of electrode and electrolyte materials to address these challenges have been investigated. In this review, we present the latest fundamental studies and technological development of various nanostructured cathode materials for LiS batteries, including their preparation approaches, structure, morphology and battery performance. Furthermore, the development of other significant components of LiS batteries including anodes, electrolytes, additives, binders and separators are also highlighted. Not only does the intention of our review article comprise the summary of recent advances in LiS cells, but also we cover some of our proposals for engineering of LiS cell configurations. These systematic discussion and proposed directions can enlighten ideas and offer avenues in the rational design of durable and high performance LiS batteries in the near future.

Lin Chen; Leon L. Shaw

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Chongqing Wanli Storage Battery Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wanli Storage Battery Co Wanli Storage Battery Co Jump to: navigation, search Name Chongqing Wanli Storage Battery Co. Place Chongqing Municipality, China Sector Solar, Vehicles, Wind energy Product The scope of Wanli's power storage business includes batteries made for electric motorcycles and industrial vehicles, boats, and cars. It also includes batteries to store power from solar or wind power plants. References Chongqing Wanli Storage Battery Co.[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Chongqing Wanli Storage Battery Co. is a company located in Chongqing Municipality, China . References ↑ "Chongqing Wanli Storage Battery Co." Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Chongqing_Wanli_Storage_Battery_Co&oldid=34358

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lead acid battery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Battery Manufacturing Tax Incentives  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Battery Manufacturing Battery Manufacturing Tax Incentives to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Battery Manufacturing Tax Incentives on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Battery Manufacturing Tax Incentives on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Battery Manufacturing Tax Incentives on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Battery Manufacturing Tax Incentives on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Battery Manufacturing Tax Incentives on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Battery Manufacturing Tax Incentives on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Battery Manufacturing Tax Incentives For taxation purposes, the taxable fair market value of manufacturing

382

Making Li-air batteries rechargeable: material challenges  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Li-air battery could potentially provide three to five times higher energy density/specific energy than conventional batteries, thus enable the driving range of an electric vehicle comparable to a gasoline vehicle. However, making Li-air batteries rechargeable presents significant challenges, mostly related with materials. Herein, we discuss the key factors that influence the rechargeability of Li-air batteries with a focus on nonaqueous system. The status and materials challenges for nonaqueous rechargeable Li-air batteries are reviewed. These include electrolytes, cathode (electocatalysts), lithium metal anodes, and oxygen-selective membranes (oxygen supply from air). The perspective of rechargeable Li-air batteries is provided.

Shao, Yuyan; Ding, Fei; Xiao, Jie; Zhang, Jian; Xu, Wu; Park, Seh Kyu; Zhang, Jiguang; Wang, Yong; Liu, Jun

2013-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

383

Flexographically Printed Rechargeable Zinc-based Battery for Grid Energy Storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of gel electrolyte based solid-state battery chemistry alsoproject, a solid-state rechargeable battery was developedsolid-state batteries, as discussed in this dissertation, has the potential to disrupt the current battery

Wang, Zuoqian

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Characterization of Electrode Materials for Lithium Ion and Sodium Ion Batteries using Synchrotron Radiation Techniques  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Relationships in the Li-Ion Battery Electrode Material LiNiAl foil may be used for Li ion battery cathode materials andElectrode materials, Li ion battery, Na ion battery, X-ray

Doeff, Marca M.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Palaeoclimate Coordinating Lead Authors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

6 Palaeoclimate Coordinating Lead Authors: Eystein Jansen (Norway), Jonathan Overpeck (USA) Lead (UK) This chapter should be cited as: Jansen, E., J. Overpeck, K.R. Briffa, J.-C. Duplessy, F. Joos, V

386

Evaluation of Lead-Carbon Devices DOE Energy Storage Program Contract # 407411 Benjamin J Craft Specialty Chemicals Division MeadWestvaco Corporation 843-746-8312 bjc11@meadwestvaco.com November 3, 2006 Washington DC  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Lead-Carbon Devices Lead-Carbon Devices DOE Energy Storage Program Contract # 407411 Benjamin J Craft Specialty Chemicals Division MeadWestvaco Corporation 843-746-8312 bjc11@meadwestvaco.com November 3, 2006 Washington DC Participants  MeadWestvaco  Developing carbons for energy storage  Lab scale and battery testing  DOE Energy Storage Program and Sandia National Labs  Verification and battery testing  Analytic Support  NorthStar Battery Company  Manufacturing and Battery Testing  Battery Expertise  ETA  Testing  System Estimates  WPS Energy  Valuation Phase 1  Evaluate lead based energy storage technologies  Develop carbon for lead based technologies  Increase cycle life for some applications  Improve charging characteristics Program Overview

387

Recovery of manganese oxides from spent alkaline and zinccarbon batteries. An application as catalysts for VOCs elimination  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: Manganese oxides were synthesized using spent batteries as raw materials. Spent alkaline and zinccarbon size AA batteries were used. A biohydrometallurgical process was employed to bio-lixiviate batteries. Manganese oxides were active in the oxidation of VOCs (ethanol and heptane). - Abstract: Manganese, in the form of oxide, was recovered from spent alkaline and zinccarbon batteries employing a biohydrometallurgy process, using a pilot plant consisting in: an air-lift bioreactor (containing an acid-reducing medium produced by an Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans bacteria immobilized on elemental sulfur); a leaching reactor (were battery powder is mixed with the acid-reducing medium) and a recovery reactor. Two different manganese oxides were recovered from the leachate liquor: one of them by electrolysis (EMO) and the other by a chemical precipitation with KMnO{sub 4} solution (CMO). The non-leached solid residue was also studied (RMO). The solids were compared with a MnO{sub x} synthesized in our laboratory. The characterization by XRD, FTIR and XPS reveal the presence of Mn{sub 2}O{sub 3} in the EMO and the CMO samples, together with some Mn{sup 4+} cations. In the solid not extracted by acidic leaching (RMO) the main phase detected was Mn{sub 3}O{sub 4}. The catalytic performance of the oxides was studied in the complete oxidation of ethanol and heptane. Complete conversion of ethanol occurs at 200 C, while heptane requires more than 400 C. The CMO has the highest oxide selectivity to CO{sub 2}. The results show that manganese oxides obtained using spent alkaline and zinccarbon batteries as raw materials, have an interesting performance as catalysts for elimination of VOCs.

Gallegos, Mara V., E-mail: plapimu@yahoo.com.ar [Pla.Pi.Mu-Planta Piloto Multipropsito, (CICPBA-UNLP) Cno. Centenario y 505, M.B. Gonnet, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Falco, Lorena R., E-mail: mlfalco@quimica.unlp.edu.ar [Pla.Pi.Mu-Planta Piloto Multipropsito, (CICPBA-UNLP) Cno. Centenario y 505, M.B. Gonnet, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Peluso, Miguel A., E-mail: apelu@quimica.unlp.edu.ar [Centro de Investigacin y Desarrollo en Ciencias Aplicadas, Dr. J. Ronco CINDECA (CONICET CCT La Plata), 47 N257, La Plata, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Sambeth, Jorge E., E-mail: sambeth@quimica.unlp.edu.ar [Centro de Investigacin y Desarrollo en Ciencias Aplicadas, Dr. J. Ronco CINDECA (CONICET CCT La Plata), 47 N257, La Plata, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Thomas, Horacio J. [Pla.Pi.Mu-Planta Piloto Multipropsito, (CICPBA-UNLP) Cno. Centenario y 505, M.B. Gonnet, Buenos Aires (Argentina)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

388

Computational and Experimental Investigation of Ti Substitution in Li1(NixMnxCo12xyTiy)O2 for Lithium Ion Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the fields of photovoltaics, fuel cells, and batteries, significant improvements have been achieved through combined experimental and computational material design from the atomic to continuum scale. ... Furthermore, we find that Ti substitution suppresses the formation of a secondary rock salt phase, which has recently been shown to increase the overall battery impedance, leading to capacity fading when cycling to voltages above 4.5 V at constant C rates. ...

Isaac M. Markus; Feng Lin; Kinson C. Kam; Mark Asta; Marca M. Doeff

2014-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

389

Li?Air Rechargeable Battery Based on Metal-free Graphene Nanosheet Catalysts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Li?Air Rechargeable Battery Based on Metal-free Graphene Nanosheet Catalysts ... Aqueous Rechargeable Li and Na Ion Batteries ...

Eunjoo Yoo; Haoshen Zhou

2011-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

390

Lead and Lead-210 in Rainwater  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... residence time of the lead-210 can be estimated from the ratio of its specific activity to that of one of its decay products, bismuth-210 or polonium-21058, this ... rainwater. The samples, of between 1 and 6 L, were filtered through a fritted glass filter before analysis. Analyses of both portions of the sample showed that less than ...

G. L. TER HAAR; R. B. HOLTZMAN; H. F. LUCAS

1967-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

391

NREL: Continuum Magazine - Electric Vehicle Battery Development Gains  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Electric Vehicle Battery Development Gains Momentum Electric Vehicle Battery Development Gains Momentum Issue 5 Print Version Share this resource Electric Vehicle Battery Development Gains Momentum CAEBAT collaboration targets EDV batteries with longer range and lifespan, at a lower cost. A photo of two men silhouetted in front of six back-lit display screens showing battery models, located in a dark room (22008). Enlarge image NREL's modeling, simulation, and testing activities include battery safety assessment, next-generation battery technologies, material synthesis and research, subsystem analysis, and battery second use studies. Photo by Dennis Schroeder, NREL "When people get behind the wheel of an electric car, it should be a great driving experience. Period." Dr. Taeyoung Han, GM technical fellow, said,

392

Ultralife Corporation formerly Ultralife Batteries Inc | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Corporation formerly Ultralife Batteries Inc Corporation formerly Ultralife Batteries Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Ultralife Corporation (formerly Ultralife Batteries Inc.) Place Newark, New Jersey Zip NY 14513 Product New Jersey-based developer and manufacturer of standard and customised lithium primary, lithium ion and lithium polymer rechargeable batteries. References Ultralife Corporation (formerly Ultralife Batteries Inc.)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Ultralife Corporation (formerly Ultralife Batteries Inc.) is a company located in Newark, New Jersey . References ↑ "Ultralife Corporation (formerly Ultralife Batteries Inc.)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Ultralife_Corporation_formerly_Ultralife_Batteries_Inc&oldid=352474"

393

BatPRO: Battery Manufacturing Cost Estimation | Argonne National...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

BatPRO: Battery Manufacturing Cost Estimation BatPRO models a stiff prismatic pouch-type cell battery pack with cells linked in series. BatPRO models a stiff prismatic pouch-type...

394

Design and fabrication of evaporators for thermo-adsorptive batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Current heating and cooling within electric vehicles places a significant demand on the battery, greatly reducing their potential driving range. An Advanced Thermo- Adsorptive Battery (ATB) reduces this load by storing ...

Farnham, Taylor A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

High Voltage Electrolytes for Li-ion Batteries | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Electrolytes for Li-ion Batteries High Voltage Electrolytes for Li-ion Batteries 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and...

396

Shida Battery Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Co, Ltd Place: China Product: Shida is a China-based maker of NiMH and Li-Poly batteries with applications that include e-bikes. References: Shida Battery Technology Co,...

397

Zhuhai Hange Battery Tech Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tech Co, Ltd Place: China Product: ZhuHai City - based maker of Lithium Polymer batteries. References: Zhuhai Hange Battery Tech Co, Ltd1 This article is a stub. You can...

398

NREL/CCSE PEV Battery Second Use Project (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation describes the Battery Second Use Project. Preliminary analysis results show (1) the impact of competing technologies, (2) potential revenue generation, and (3) supply and demand of the second use of plug-in electric vehicle batteries. The impact of competing technologies are: maximum salve value of a used battery will be limited by future battery prices, under favorable conditions, second use can only discount today's battery prices by 12% or less, however, second use will offer batteries to second applications at reduced cost (typically < $170/kWh). Revenue streams are highly variable, allowable battery costs are highly sensitive to balance-of-system costs, and batteries need to be very cheap for these applications to be viable. Supply and demand show that high-value applications have both competition and small markets, and supply from plug-in electric vehicles has the potential to overwhelm many second use markets.

Neubauer, J.; Pesaran, A.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Two Studies Reveal Details of Lithium-Battery Function  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Two Studies Reveal Details of Lithium-Battery Function Two Studies Reveal Details of Lithium-Battery Function Print Wednesday, 27 February 2013 00:00 Our way of life is deeply...

400

Meeting regarding DOE Energy Conservations Standards for Battery  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Discussion points presented relating to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Energy Conservation Standards for Battery Chargers.The DOE battery charger efficiency regulations cover only consumer...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lead acid battery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Three-Dimensional Lithium-Ion Battery Model (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nonuniform battery physics can cause unexpected performance and life degradations in lithium-ion batteries; a three-dimensional cell performance model was developed by integrating an electrode-scale submodel using a multiscale modeling scheme.

Kim, G. H.; Smith, K.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Solid-state Graft Copolymer Electrolytes for Lithium Battery Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Battery safety has been a very important research area over the past decade. Commercially available lithium ion batteries employ low flash point (<80 C), flammable, and volatile organic electrolytes. These organic based ...

Hu, Qichao

403

Transport and Failure in Li-ion Batteries | Stanford Synchrotron...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Li-ion Batteries Monday, February 13, 2012 - 1:30pm SSRL Conference Room 137-322 Stephen J. Harris, General Motors R&D While battery performance is well predicted by the...

404

Abuse Testing of High Power Batteries | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Abuse Testing of High Power Batteries Abuse Testing of High Power Batteries Presentation from the U.S. DOE Office of Vehicle Technologies "Mega" Merit Review 2008 on February 25,...

405

Synthesis, Characterization and Performance of Cathodes for Lithium Ion Batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

battery used for hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) or electric vehicles (EVs) due to its low cost, low toxicity, thermal andthermal stability. 109-112 Thus, it proves to be a promising candidate cathode in battery

Zhu, Jianxin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Efficient Lithium-Ion Battery Pack Electro-Thermal Simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A methodology to derive a computational efficient electro-thermal battery pack model is showed. It is taken ... up of three orders of magnitude for the thermal part. The electrical battery model is implemented an...

L. Kostetzer

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Determining the environmental and thermal characteristics of coke oven batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A method is proposed for assessing the environmental and thermal characteristics of coke oven batteries and is tested for coke oven batteries 1 and 5 at OAO Zaporozhkoks. On ... the basis of data for the environm...

E. I. Toryanik; A. L. Borisenko; A. S. Malysh; A. A. Lobov

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Thermophysical Properties of Lithium Alloys for Thermal Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermal batteries are electrochemical systems primarily used in defense ... . The current state-of-the art for thermal batteries relies upon the Li/FeS2...couple for power generation with the anode typically an L...

Geoffrey A. Swift

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Thermal Behavior and Modeling of Lithium-Ion Cuboid Battery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermal behaviour and model are important items should be considered when designing a battery pack cooling system. Lithium-ion battery thermal behaviour and modelling method are investigated in this paper. The te...

Hongjie Wu; Shifei Yuan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Rechargeable lithium battery energy storage systems for vehicular applications.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Batteries are used on-board vehicles for broadly two applications starting-lighting-ignition (SLI) and vehicle traction. This thesis examines the suitability of the rechargeable lithium battery (more)

HURIA, TARUN

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Modeling the operating voltage of liquid metal battery cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A one-dimensional, integrative model of the voltage during liquid metal battery operation has been developed to enhance the understanding of performance at the cell level. Two liquid metal batteries were studied: Mg-Sb for ...

Newhouse, Jocelyn Marie

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Synthesis, Characterization and Performance of Cathodes for Lithium Ion Batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new cathode material for batteries of high energy density.high-energy cathode for rechargeable lithium batteries. Advanced Materialsmaterials are promising cathodes, as they can provide high power and high energy,

Zhu, Jianxin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Microfabricated thin-film batteries : technology and potential applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High-energy-density lithium ion batteries have enabled a myriad of small consumer-electronics applications. Batteries for these applications most often employ a liquid electrolyte system. However, liquid electrolytes do ...

Greiner, Julia

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Water and Gold: A Promising Mix for Future Batteries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Water and Gold: A Promising Mix for Future Batteries Water and Gold: A Promising Mix for Future Batteries Berkeley Lab Study Reveals Molecular Structure of Water at Gold Electrodes...

415

Overview of Battery R&D Activities | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

of Battery R&D Activities Overview of Battery R&D Activities 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

416

Overview of Battery R&D Activities | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

of Battery R&D Activities Overview of Battery R&D Activities 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

417

Are batteries ready for plug-in hybrid buyers?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Of the battery chemistries discussed, only Li-ion shows the2008) battery researchers continue to develop Li-ionbattery chemistries: nickel-metal hydride (NiMH) and lithium-ion (Li-

Axsen, Jonn; Kurani, Kenneth S.; Burke, Andrew

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Are Batteries Ready for Plug-in Hybrid Buyers?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Of the battery chemistries discussed, only Li-ion shows the2008) battery researchers continue to develop Li-ionbattery chemistries: nickel- metal hydride (NiMH) and lithium-ion (Li-

Axsen, Jonn; Burke, Andy; Kurani, Kenneth S

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Are Batteries Ready for Plug-in Hybrid Buyers?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Of the battery chemistries discussed, only Li-ion shows the2008) battery researchers continue to develop Li-ionbattery chemistries: nickel-metal hydride (NiMH) and lithium-ion (Li-

Axsen, Jonn; Kurani, Kenneth S; Burke, Andy

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Battery Park Industries Inc formerly Moltech Power Systems Inc | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Battery Park Industries Inc formerly Moltech Power Systems Inc Battery Park Industries Inc formerly Moltech Power Systems Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Battery Park Industries Inc (formerly Moltech Power Systems, Inc) Place Gainesville, Florida Product Bundled rechargeable battery manufacturing assets of Moltech Power Systems, following that company's bankruptcy. References Battery Park Industries Inc (formerly Moltech Power Systems, Inc)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Battery Park Industries Inc (formerly Moltech Power Systems, Inc) is a company located in Gainesville, Florida . References ↑ "Battery Park Industries Inc (formerly Moltech Power Systems, Inc)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Battery_Park_Industries_Inc_formerly_Moltech_Power_Systems_Inc&oldid=342547"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lead acid battery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Battery and Engine Research Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Vehicle Battery and Vehicle Battery and Engine Research Tax Credits to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Battery and Engine Research Tax Credits on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Battery and Engine Research Tax Credits on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Battery and Engine Research Tax Credits on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Battery and Engine Research Tax Credits on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Battery and Engine Research Tax Credits on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Battery and Engine Research Tax Credits on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

422

Lithium-Thionyl Chloride Batteries for the Mars Pathfinder Microrover  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A discussion of the power requirements for the Mars Pathfinder Mission is given. Topics include: battery requirements; cell design; battery design; test descriptions and results. A summary of the results is also included.

Deligiannis, F.; Frank, H.; Staniewicz, R.J.; Willson, J. [SAFT America, Inc., Cockeysville, MD (United States)

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

NREL: News Feature - NREL Battery Testing Capabilities Get a...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

battery module consisting of 12 cylindrical lithium ion cells. The unit was tested for Saft America as part of a DOEFreedomCAR project. Credit: Pat Corkery The battery research...

424

The assessment of battery-ultracapacitor hybrid energy storage systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Battery-ultracapacitors hybrid energy storage systems (ESS) could combine the high power density and high life cycle of ultracapacitors with the high energy density of batteries, which forms a promising energy storage ...

He, Yiou

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Optimum Battery Co Ltd formerly L K Battery Tech Co Ltd | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Optimum Battery Co Ltd formerly L K Battery Tech Co Ltd Optimum Battery Co Ltd formerly L K Battery Tech Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Optimum Battery Co, Ltd (formerly L&K Battery Tech Co Ltd) Place Shenzhen, Guangdong Province, China Zip 518118 Sector Services, Solar Product Shenzhen-based science and hi-tech company engaged in research development, manufacturing and sales of all types of batteries from cell to the finished product that services the power, telecommunications, electric appliance, UPS, and solar energy. Coordinates 22.546789°, 114.112556° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":22.546789,"lon":114.112556,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

426

Batteries and Energy Storage | Argonne National Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The Joint Center for Energy Storage Research (JCESR) is a major research The Joint Center for Energy Storage Research (JCESR) is a major research partnership that integrates government, academic and industrial researchers from many disciplines to overcome critical scientific and technical barriers and create new breakthrough energy storage technology. Batteries and Energy Storage Argonne's all- encompassing battery research program spans the continuum from basic materials research and diagnostics to scale-up processes and ultimate deployment by industry. At Argonne, our multidisciplinary team of world-renowned researchers are working in overdrive to develop advanced energy storage technologies to aid the growth of the U.S. battery manufacturing industry, transition the U.S. automotive fleet to plug-in hybrid and electric vehicles, and enable

427

Batteries - Beyond Lithium Ion Breakout session  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

BEYOND LITHIUM ION BREAKOUT BEYOND LITHIUM ION BREAKOUT Breakout Session #1 - Discussion of Performance Targets and Barriers Comments on the Achievability of the Targets * 1 - Zn-Air possible either w/ or w/o electric-hybridization; also possible with a solid electrolyte variant * 2 - Multivalent systems (e.g Mg), potentially needing hybrid-battery * 3 - Advanced Li-ion with hybridization @ cell / molecular level for high-energy and high- power * 4 - MH-air, Li-air, Li-S, all show promise * 5 - High-energy density (e.g. Na-metal ) flow battery can meet power and energy goals * 6 - Solid-state batteries (all types) * 7 - New cathode chemistries (beyond S) to increase voltage * 8 - New high-voltage non-flammable electrolytes (both li-ion and beyond li-ion) * 9 - Power to energy ratio of >=12 needed for fast charge (10 min)  So liquid refill capable

428

Battery Chargers | Electrical Power Conversion and Storage  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Battery Chargers | Electrical Power Conversion and Storage Battery Chargers | Electrical Power Conversion and Storage 625 West A Street | Lincoln, NE 68522-1794 | LesterElectrical.com P: 402.477.8988 | F: 402.441.3727, 402.474.1769 (Sales) MEMORANDUM TO: United States Department of Energy (DOE), Via Email, expartecommunications@hq.doe.gov FROM: Spencer Stock, Product Marketing Manager, Lester Electrical DATE: June 18, 2012 RE: Ex Parte Communications, Docket Number EERE-2008-BT-STD-0005, RIN 1904-AB57 On Monday, June 11, 2012, representatives from Lester Electrical and Ingersoll Rand met with DOE to discuss the Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR) for Energy Conservation Standards for Battery Chargers and External Power Supplies, Docket Number EERE-2008-BT-STD-0005, RIN 1904-AB57.

429

Composite Battery Boost | Advanced Photon Source  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Water-Like Properties of Soft Nanoparticle Suspensions Water-Like Properties of Soft Nanoparticle Suspensions Real-Time Capture of Intermediates in Enzymatic Reactions A New Multilayer-Based Grating for Hard X-ray Grating Interferometry The Most Detailed Picture Yet of a Key AIDS Protein Superconductivity with Stripes Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed Composite Battery Boost December 2, 2013 Bookmark and Share Normalized XANES spectra of Li/Se cell during cycling. Black line is the battery voltage profile. New composite materials based on selenium (Se) sulfides that act as the positive electrode in a rechargeable lithium-ion (Li-ion) battery could boost the range of electric vehicles by up to five times, according to

430

Iron-air battery development program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The progress and status of the research and development program on the iron-air advanced technology battery system at the Westinghouse Electric Corporation during the period June 1978-December 1979 are described. This advanced battery system is being developed for electric vehicle propulsion applications. Testing and evaluation of 100 cm/sup 2/ size cells was undertaken while individual iron and air electrode programs continued. Progress is reported in a number of these study areas. Results of the improvements made in the utilization of the iron electrode active material coupled with manufacturing and processing studies related to improved air electrodes continue to indicate that a fully developed iron-air battery system will be capable of fulfilling the performance requirements for commuter electric vehicles.

Buzzelli, E.S.; Liu, C.T.; Bryant, W.A.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

High-energy metal air batteries  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed herein are embodiments of lithium/air batteries and methods of making and using the same. Certain embodiments are pouch-cell batteries encased within an oxygen-permeable membrane packaging material that is less than 2% of the total battery weight. Some embodiments include a hybrid air electrode comprising carbon and an ion insertion material, wherein the mass ratio of ion insertion material to carbon is 0.2 to 0.8. The air electrode may include hydrophobic, porous fibers. In particular embodiments, the air electrode is soaked with an electrolyte comprising one or more solvents including dimethyl ether, and the dimethyl ether subsequently is evacuated from the soaked electrode. In other embodiments, the electrolyte comprises 10-20% crown ether by weight.

Zhang, Ji-Guang; Xiao, Jie; Xu, Wu; Wang, Deyu; Williford, Ralph E.; Liu, Jun

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

High-energy metal air batteries  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed herein are embodiments of lithium/air batteries and methods of making and using the same. Certain embodiments are pouch-cell batteries encased within an oxygen-permeable membrane packaging material that is less than 2% of the total battery weight. Some embodiments include a hybrid air electrode comprising carbon and an ion insertion material, wherein the mass ratio of ion insertion material to carbon is 0.2 to 0.8. The air electrode may include hydrophobic, porous fibers. In particular embodiments, the air electrode is soaked with an electrolyte comprising one or more solvents including dimethyl ether, and the dimethyl ether subsequently is evacuated from the soaked electrode. In other embodiments, the electrolyte comprises 10-20% crown ether by weight.

Zhang, Ji-Guang; Xiao, Jie; Xu, Wu; Wang, Deyu; Williford, Ralph E.; Liu, Jun

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

433

Lithium Iron Phosphate Composites for Lithium Batteries | Argonne...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Lithium Iron Phosphate Composites for Lithium Batteries Technology available for licensing: Inexpensive, electrochemically active phosphate compounds with high functionality for...

434

Electrolytes - R&D for Advanced Lithium Batteries. Interfacial...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

More Documents & Publications Electrolytes - R&D for Advanced Lithium Batteries. Interfacial Behavior of Electrolytes Interfacial Behavior of Electrolytes...

435

Development of Computer-Aided Design Tools for Automotive Batteries...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

More Documents & Publications Progress of Computer-Aided Engineering of Batteries (CAEBAT) Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Development of...

436

EV Everywhere Batteries Workshop - Materials Processing and Manufactur...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Materials Processing and Manufacturing Breakout Session Report EV Everywhere Batteries Workshop - Materials Processing and Manufacturing Breakout Session Report Breakout session...

437

Abuse Testing of High Power Batteries | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

roth.pdf More Documents & Publications Abuse Tolerance Improvement Abuse Testing of High Power Batteries USABC Program Highlights...

438

Manufacturing of Protected Lithium Electrodes for Advanced Batteries  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Manufacturing of Protected Lithium Electrodes for Advanced Lithium-Air, Lithium-Water, and Lithium-Sulfur Batteries

439

NREL Battery Thermal and Life Test Facility (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation describes NREL's Battery Thermal Test Facility and identifies test requirements and equipment and planned upgrades to the facility.

Keyser, M.

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

High-Voltage Solid Polymer Batteries for Electric Drive Vehicles  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

complete Timeline Budget Barriers Partners Overview * Barriers addressed: - A. Battery cost - C. Performance: Energy Density - E. Lifetime * Targets - prototype cells...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lead acid battery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Battery Calendar Life Estimator Manual Modeling and Simulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Battery Life Estimator (BLE) Manual has been prepared to assist developers in their efforts to estimate the calendar life of advanced batteries for automotive applications. Testing requirements and procedures are defined by the various manuals previously published under the United States Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC). The purpose of this manual is to describe and standardize a method for estimating calendar life based on statistical models and degradation data acquired from typical USABC battery testing.

Jon P. Christophersen; Ira Bloom; Ed Thomas; Vince Battaglia

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Making better batteries with metal oxide & graphene composites  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Learn how PNNL and Princeton scientists create better materials for batteries, materials that assemble on their own into durable nanocomposites.

None

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

443

Fact #823: June 2, 2014 Hybrid Vehicles use more Battery Packs but Plug-in Vehicles use More Battery Capacity  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Of the battery packs used for electrified vehicle powertrains in model year 2013, the greatest number went into conventional hybrid vehicles which use battery packs that average about 1.3 kilowatt...

444

October 29 ESTAP Webinar: Flow Battery Basics (Part 2)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

On Wednesday, October 29, 2014 from 1 - 2:30 p.m. ET, Clean Energy State Alliance will host the second in a series of webinars on flow batteries. OE's Imre Gyuk, Energy Storage Program Manager, will present an introduction to flow battery technology, and Dan Borneo of Sandia National Laboratories will discuss flow battery testing and technological readiness.

445

High performance batteries with carbon nanomaterials and ionic liquids  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention is directed to lithium-ion batteries in general and more particularly to lithium-ion batteries based on aligned graphene ribbon anodes, V.sub.2O.sub.5 graphene ribbon composite cathodes, and ionic liquid electrolytes. The lithium-ion batteries have excellent performance metrics of cell voltages, energy densities, and power densities.

Lu, Wen (Littleton, CO)

2012-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

446

Three-dimensional batteries using a liquid cathode  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of 3D battery fabrication using (a) a solid-state LiCoO 2of 3D battery fabrication using (a) a solid-state LiCoO 2a solid-state silica matrix, which means that more battery

Malati, Peter Moneir

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Electrical Energy Storage for the Grid: A Battery of Choices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...long research and development path. Fig. 4...the anode and a cathode consisting of...lithium battery cathodes . J. Electrochem...tetrahydroxybenzoquinone: Toward the development of a sustainable...battery research and development . J. Electrochem...Rechargeable alkali-ion cathode-flow battery...

Bruce Dunn; Haresh Kamath; Jean-Marie Tarascon

2011-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

448

Lithium Ion Batteries DOI: 10.1002/anie.201103163  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lithium Ion Batteries DOI: 10.1002/anie.201103163 LiMn1?xFexPO4 Nanorods Grown on Graphene Sheets for Ultrahigh- Rate-Performance Lithium Ion Batteries** Hailiang Wang, Yuan Yang, Yongye Liang, Li-Feng Cui cathode materials for rechargeable lithium ion batteries (LIBs) owing to their high capacity, excellent

Cui, Yi

449

Highly Reversible Open Framework Nanoscale Electrodes for Divalent Ion Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reversible insertion of divalent ions such as magnesium would allow the creation of new battery chemistries that are potentially safer and cheaper than lithium-based batteries. ... New developments in the chem. of secondary and flow batteries as well as regenerative fuel cells are also considered. ...

Richard Y. Wang; Colin D. Wessells; Robert A. Huggins; Yi Cui

2013-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

450

Materials Challenges and Opportunities of Lithium Ion Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

His research interests are in the area of materials for lithium ion batteries, fuel cells, and solar cells, including novel synthesis approaches for nanomaterials. ... Lithiumsulfur (LiS) batteries with a high theoretical energy density of ?2500 Wh kg1 are considered as one promising rechargeable battery chemistry for next-generation energy storage. ...

Arumugam Manthiram

2011-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

451

Life-Cycle Methods for Comparing Primary and Rechargeable Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

If battery materials are recycled, the recovered metals may be used in the production of new batteries, or they may be used for another secondary application. ... fuels ... The converted fuel equivalent demand is about 49 times less for rechargeable batteries than for primary ones. ...

Rebecca L. Lankey; Francis C. McMichael

2000-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

452

Combination of Lightweight Elements and Nanostructured Materials for Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

His research expertise is energy storage & conversion with batteries, fuel cells, and solar cells. ... (2) The main issues facing various current batteries are the slow electrode-process kinetics with large polarization and low rate of ionic diffusion/migration, resulting in limited practical energy output and battery performance. ...

Jun Chen; Fangyi Cheng

2009-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

453

Optimized Anion Exchange Membranes for Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

vanadium redox flow battery; anion exchange membrane; ion exchange capacity; cycling performance; power density ... All electrochemical measurements were conducted using a fully automated redox flow battery testing system (Scribner 857 Redox Flow Cell System). ... Characteristics of a new all-vanadium redox flow battery ...

Dongyang Chen; Michael A. Hickner; Ertan Agar; E. Caglan Kumbur

2013-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

454

Synthesis, Characterization and Performance of Cathodes for Lithium Ion Batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

lithium ion batteries. Materials Science & Engineering R-Ion Batteries by Jianxin Zhu Doctor of Philosophy, Graduate Program in Materials Science and EngineeringIon Batteries A Dissertation submitted in partial satisfaction of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Materials Science and Engineering

Zhu, Jianxin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

U.S. Battery R&D Progress and Plans  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Power & Capacity Increase Life Improvement VTO Battery R&D Activities 10-100 mAh cells 0.5 - 1.0 Ah cells 5 - 40 + Ah cells 5 Battery R&D Progress Plug-In Battery Cost (per...

456

Mechanical Properties of Lithium-Ion Battery Separator Materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mechanical Properties of Lithium-Ion Battery Separator Materials Patrick Sinko B.S. Materials Science and Engineering 2013, Virginia Tech John Cannarella PhD. Candidate Mechanical and Aerospace and motivation ­ Why study lithium-ion batteries? ­ Lithium-ion battery fundamentals ­ Why study the mechanical

Petta, Jason

457

Chemical Sciences and Engineering - US China Electric Vehicle and Battery  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Program Program View the Conference Booklet with program (pdf) » THURSDAY, AUGUST 4 Time Title, Speaker Plenary Session 9:00 AM Welcome and Orientation Welcome to Argonne by Eric Isaacs, Laboratory Director Orientation, Logistics and Workshop Format by Larry Johnson, Transportation Center Director 9:20 - 10:40 Technology Policy: US-China Collaboration on the Electric Vehicle Initiative Henry Kelly, USDOE Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy ZHANG Zhihong, MOST, Deputy Director General, Department of New and High Technology WU Feng, Beijing Institute of Technology, Chief Scientist of National (973) Advance Secondary Battery Project Dave Howell, USDOE Vehicle Technologies Program, Team Lead, Hybrid Electric Systems 10:40 - 11:00 Tea/Coffee Break

458

Rebalancing electrolytes in redox flow battery systems  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Embodiments of redox flow battery rebalancing systems include a system for reacting an unbalanced flow battery electrolyte with a rebalance electrolyte in a first reaction cell. In some embodiments, the rebalance electrolyte may contain ferrous iron (Fe.sup.2+) which may be oxidized to ferric iron (Fe.sup.3+) in the first reaction cell. The reducing ability of the rebalance reactant may be restored in a second rebalance cell that is configured to reduce the ferric iron in the rebalance electrolyte back into ferrous iron through a reaction with metallic iron.

Chang, On Kok; Pham, Ai Quoc

2014-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

459

Thin-film Rechargeable Lithium Batteries  

DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

Thin film rechargeable lithium batteries using ceramic electrolyte and cathode materials have been fabricated by physical deposition techniques. The lithium phosphorous oxynitride electrolyte has exceptional electrochemical stability and a good lithium conductivity. The lithium insertion reaction of several different intercalation materials, amorphous V{sub 2}O{sub 5}, amorphous LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4}, and crystalline LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4} films, have been investigated using the completed cathode/electrolyte/lithium thin film battery.

Dudney, N. J.; Bates, J. B.; Lubben, D.

1995-06-00T23:59:59.000Z

460

Leading neutron spectra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is shown that the observation of the spectra of leading neutrons from proton beams can be a good probe of absorptive and migration effects. We quantify how these effects modify the Reggeized pion-exchange description of the measurements of leading neutrons at HERA. We are able to obtain a satisfactory description of all the features of these data. We also briefly discuss the corresponding data for leading baryons produced in hadron-hadron collisions.

A. B. Kaidalov; V. A. Khoze; A. D. Martin; M. G. Ryskin

2006-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lead acid battery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Numerical investigation of thermal behaviors in lithium-ion battery stack discharge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Thermal management is critically important to maintain the performance and prolong the lifetime of a lithium-ion (Li-ion) battery. In this paper, a two-dimensional and transient model has been developed for the thermal management of a 20-flat-plate-battery stack, followed by comprehensive numerical simulations to study the influences of ambient temperature, Reynolds number, and discharge rate on the temperature distribution in the stack with different cooling materials. The simulation results indicate that liquid cooling is generally more effective in reducing temperature compared to phase-change material, while the latter can lead to more homogeneous temperature distribution. Fast and deep discharge should be avoided, which generally yields high temperature beyond the acceptable range regardless of cooling materials. At low or even subzero ambient temperatures, air cooling is preferred over liquid cooling because heat needs to be retained rather than removed. Such difference becomes small when the ambient temperature increases to a mild level. The effects of Reynolds number are apparent in liquid cooling but negligible in air cooling. Choosing appropriate cooling material and strategy is particularly important in low ambient temperature and fast discharge cases. These findings improve the understanding of battery stack thermal behaviors and provide the general guidelines for thermal management system. The present model can also be used in developing control system to optimize battery stack thermal behaviors.

Rui Liu; Jixin Chen; Jingzhi Xun; Kui Jiao; Qing Du

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Driving Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Reports from U.S. Drivers of HEVs converted to PHEVs, circa 2006-07  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

battery chemistry for future HEVs (including PHEVs) is currently Li-ion.its battery pack, but it used lead-acid rather than Li-ion

Kurani, Kenneth S; Heffner, Reid R.; Turrentine, Tom

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

The Effect of PV Array Size and Battery Size on the Economics of PV/Diesel/Battery Hybrid RAPS Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wh. INTRODUCTION A diesel hybrid system, incorporating a battery and inverter, can often provide power at a lower profile used for this study Fixed Power System Parameters The diesel and inverter were both sizedThe Effect of PV Array Size and Battery Size on the Economics of PV/Diesel/Battery Hybrid RAPS

464

Battery control system for hybrid vehicle and method for controlling a hybrid vehicle battery  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A battery control system for controlling a state of charge of a hybrid vehicle battery includes a detecting arrangement for determining a vehicle operating state or an intended vehicle operating state and a controller for setting a target state of charge level of the battery based on the vehicle operating state or the intended vehicle operating state. The controller is operable to set a target state of charge level at a first level during a mobile vehicle operating state and at a second level during a stationary vehicle operating state or in anticipation of the vehicle operating in the stationary vehicle operating state. The invention further includes a method for controlling a state of charge of a hybrid vehicle battery.

Bockelmann, Thomas R. (Battle Creek, MI); Beaty, Kevin D. (Kalamazoo, MI); Zou, Zhanijang (Battle Creek, MI); Kang, Xiaosong (Battle Creek, MI)

2009-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

465

Li-Ion and Other Advanced Battery Technologies  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

scientist viewing computer screen scientist viewing computer screen Li-Ion and Other Advanced Battery Technologies The research aims to overcome the fundamental chemical and mechanical instabilities that have impeded the development of batteries for vehicles with acceptable range, acceleration, costs, lifetime, and safety. Its aim is to identify and better understand cell performance and lifetime limitations. These batteries have many other applications, in mobile electronic devices, for example. The work addresses synthesis of components into battery cells with determination of failure modes, materials synthesis and evaluation, advanced diagnostics, and improved electrochemical model development. This research involves: Battery development and analysis; Mathematical modeling; Sophisticated diagnostics;

466

Washington: Battery Manufacturer Brings Material Production Home  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

EERE-supported company, EnerG2, built a new plant to produce nano-engineered carbon materials for batteries and other energy storage devices that can be used in hybrid, electric, plug-in hybrid, and all-electric vehicles.

467

Solid composite electrolytes for lithium batteries  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Solid composite electrolytes are provided for use in lithium batteries which exhibit moderate to high ionic conductivity at ambient temperatures and low activation energies. In one embodiment, a ceramic-ceramic composite electrolyte is provided containing lithium nitride and lithium phosphate. The ceramic-ceramic composite is also preferably annealed and exhibits an activation energy of about 0.1 eV.

Kumar, Binod (Dayton, OH); Scanlon, Jr., Lawrence G. (Fairborn, OH)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Anode materials for lithium-ion batteries  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An anode material for lithium-ion batteries is provided that comprises an elongated core structure capable of forming an alloy with lithium; and a plurality of nanostructures placed on a surface of the core structure, with each nanostructure being capable of forming an alloy with lithium and spaced at a predetermined distance from adjacent nanostructures.

Sunkara, Mahendra Kumar; Meduri, Praveen; Sumanasekera, Gamini

2014-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

469

Alternative battery systems for transportation uses  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Argonne Distinguished Fellow Michael Thackeray highlights the need for alternative battery systems for transportation uses. Such systems will not only need to be smaller, lighter and more energy dense, but also able to make electric vehicles more competitive with internal combustion engine vehicles.

Michael Thackeray

2013-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

470

No Moores Law for batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...natures ideal fuel. A full tank of gasoline...ourselves from powering cars with gasoline. There...is still a fossil fuel, and hydrogen can presently be produced...why not power our cars this way? We already...electrolytes. A D-cell battery stores more...

Fred Schlachter

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Flexible Bio-battery February 7, 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Flexible Bio-battery Materials Thursday February 7, 2013 12:30pm - 1:30pm Talk by Dr. W.H. Katie at Washington State University (WSU), and 2012 International Visiting Research Scholar with the Peter Wall elastic and superior ionic conductive solid polymer electrolytes (SPEs) are prerequisite

Handy, Todd C.

472

Towards a lithium-ion fiber battery  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

One of the key objectives in the realm of flexible electronics and flexible power sources is to achieve large-area, low-cost, scalable production of flexible systems. In this thesis we propose a new Li-ion battery architecture ...

Grena, Benjamin (Benjamin Jean-Baptiste)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

The Utility Battery Storage Systems Program Overview  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Utility battery energy storage allows a utility or customer to store electrical energy for dispatch at a time when its use is more economical, strategic, or efficient. The UBS program sponsors systems analyses, technology development of subsystems and systems integration, laboratory and field evaluation, and industry outreach. Achievements and planned activities in each area are discussed.

Not Available

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Temperature-Dependent Battery Models for High-Power Lithium-Ion Batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this study, two battery models for a high-power lithium ion (Li-Ion) cell were compared for their use in hybrid electric vehicle simulations in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's Hybrid Electric Vehicle Program. Saft America developed the high-power Li-Ion cells as part of the U.S. Advanced Battery Consortium/U.S. Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles programs. Based on test data, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) developed a resistive equivalent circuit battery model for comparison with a 2-capacitance battery model from Saft. The Advanced Vehicle Simulator (ADVISOR) was used to compare the predictions of the two models over two different power cycles. The two models were also compared to and validated with experimental data for a US06 driving cycle. The experimental voltages on the US06 power cycle fell between the NREL resistive model and Saft capacitance model predictions. Generally, the predictions of the two models were reasonably close to th e experimental results; the capacitance model showed slightly better performance. Both battery models of high-power Li-Ion cells could be used in ADVISOR with confidence as accurate battery behavior is maintained during vehicle simulations.

Johnson, V.H.; Pesaran, A.A. (National Renewable Energy Laboratory); Sack, T. (Saft America)

2001-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

475

Beyond Conventional Cathode Materials for Li-ion Batteries and Na-ion Batteries Nickel fluoride conversion materials and P2 type Na-ion intercalation cathodes /  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

active material for Li-ion battery, Fe2OF4. ElectrochemistryIron Fluoride, in a Li Ion Battery: A Solid-State NMR, X-raymaterials for Li-ion battery133 8.2. P2 type

Lee, Dae Hoe

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Membranes and separators for flowing electrolyte batteries-a review  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Flowing electrolyte batteries are rechargeable electrochemical storage devices in which externally stored electrolytes are circulated through the cell stack during charge or discharge. The potential advantages that flow batteries offer compared to other secondary batteries include: 1) ease of thermal and electrolyte management, 2) simple electrochemistry, 3) deep cycling capability, and 4) minimal loss of capacity with cycling. However, flow batteries are more complex than other secondary batteries and consequently may cost more and may be less reliable. Flow batteries are being developed for utility load leveling, electric vehicles, solar photovoltaic and wind turbine application. The status of flow batteries has recently been reviewed by Clark et al. The flowing electrolyte batteries place rigorous demands on the performance of separators and membranes. The operating characteristics of the iron/chromium redox battery were changed in order to accommodate the limitations in membrane performance. Low cost alternatives to the presently used membrane must be found before the zinc/ferricyanide battery can be economically feasible. The zinc/bromine battery's efficiency could be improved if a suitably selective membrane were available. It is anticipated that better and less costly membranes to meet these needs will be developed as more is learned about their preparation and performance.

Arnold, C.; Assink, R.A.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Hardware Architecture for Measurements for 50-V Battery Modules  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energy storage devices, especially batteries, have become critical for several industries including automotive, electric utilities, military and consumer electronics. With the increasing demand for electric and hybrid electric vehicles and the explosion in popularity of mobile and portable electronic devices such as laptops, cell phones, e-readers, tablet computers and the like, reliance on portable energy storage devices such as batteries has likewise increased. Because many of the systems these batteries integrated into are critical, there is an increased need for an accurate in-situ method of monitoring battery state-of-health. Over the past decade the Idaho National Laboratory (INL), Montana Tech of the University of Montana (Tech), and Qualtech Systems, Inc. (QSI) have been developing the Smart Battery Status Monitor (SBSM), an integrated battery management system designed to monitor battery health, performance and degradation and use this knowledge for effective battery management and increased battery life. Key to the success of the SBSM is an in-situ impedance measurement system called the Impedance Measurement Box (IMB). One of the challenges encountered has been development of a compact IMB system that will perform rapid accurate measurements of a battery impedance spectrum working with higher voltage batteries of up to 300 volts. This paper discusses the successful realization of a system that will work up to 50 volts.

Patrick Bald; Evan Juras; Jon P. Christophersen; William Morrison

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Thermal management optimization of an air-cooled Li-ion battery module using pin-fin heat sinks for hybrid electric vehicles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Three dimensional transient thermal analysis of an air-cooled module that contains prismatic Li-ion cells next to a special kind of aluminum pin fin heat sink whose heights of pin fins increase linearly through the width of the channel in air flow direction was studied for thermal management of Lithium-ion battery pack. The effects of pin fins arrangements, discharge rates, inlet air flow velocities, and inlet air temperatures on the battery were investigated. The results showed that despite of heat sinks with uniform pin fin heights that increase the standard deviation of the temperature field, using this kind of pin fin heat sink compare to the heat sink without pin fins not only decreases the bulk temperature inside the battery, but also decreases the standard deviation of the temperature field inside the battery as well. Increasing the inlet air temperature leads to decreasing the standard deviation of the temperature field while increases the maximum temperature of the battery. Furthermore, increasing the inlet air velocity first increases the standard deviation of the temperature field till reaches to the maximum point, and after that decreases. Also, increasing the inlet air velocity leads to decrease in the maximum temperature of the battery.

Shahabeddin K. Mohammadian; Yuwen Zhang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Two Studies Reveal Details of Lithium-Battery Function  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Two Studies Reveal Details of Lithium-Battery Function Print Two Studies Reveal Details of Lithium-Battery Function Print Our way of life is deeply intertwined with battery technologies that have enabled a mobile revolution powering cell phones, laptops, medical devices, and cars. As conventional lithium-ion batteries approach their theoretical energy-storage limits, new technologies are emerging to address the long-term energy-storage improvements needed for mobile systems, electric vehicles in particular. Battery performance depends on the dynamics of evolving electronic and chemical states that, despite advances in material synthesis and structural probes, remain elusive and largely unexplored. At Beamlines 8.0.1 and 9.3.2, researchers studied lithium-ion and lithium-air batteries, respectively, using soft x-ray spectroscopy techniques. The detailed information they obtained about the evolution of electronic and chemical states will be indispensable for understanding and optimizing better battery materials.

480

TransForum - Special Issue: Batteries - August 2010  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Special Issue: Batteries-August 2010 Special Issue: Batteries-August 2010 RESEARCH REVIEWS 2 China's Minister of Science and Technology Visits Argonne 3 Testing the Tesla 4 Six Myths about Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles 6 Charging Ahead: Taking PHEVs Farther on a Single Battery Charge 7 Argonne to Explore Lithium-air Battery 8 Argonne's Lithium-ion Battery Research Produces New Materials and Technology Transfer Successes 11 New Battery Facilities Will Help Accelerate Commercialization of Technologies 12 Argonne Charges Ahead with Smart Grid Research 14 Center for Electrical Energy Storage Promises Advances in Transportation Technologies 15 PHEVs Need Further Research for Acceptable Payback 16 PUTTING ARGONNE'S RESOURCES TO WORK FOR YOU Lithium-ion Battery Research page 8 Minister of Science and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lead acid battery" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

US Advanced Battery Consortium USABC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

US Advanced Battery Consortium USABC US Advanced Battery Consortium USABC Jump to: navigation, search Name US Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC) Place Southfield, Michigan Zip 48075 Sector Vehicles Product Michigan-based, research consortium focused on R&D of advanced energy systems for electric vehicles. References US Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. US Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC) is a company located in Southfield, Michigan . References ↑ "US Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=US_Advanced_Battery_Consortium_USABC&oldid=352587" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations

482

Energy Conservation Standards for Battery Chargers and External Power  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Battery Chargers and External Battery Chargers and External Power Supplies; Proposed Rule Making - Ex Parte Communication Energy Conservation Standards for Battery Chargers and External Power Supplies; Proposed Rule Making - Ex Parte Communication Apple Inc. met with DOE to discuss the notice of proposed rule making the Department sent out regarding battery chargers and external power supplies. Below is a list of topics that Apple discussed with DOE. Apple_ex_parte_communication.pdf More Documents & Publications Request for Information on Evaluating New Products for the Battery Chargers and External Power Supply Rulemaking - Ex Parte Communication HP Ex Parte Memo on Proposed Rulemaking for Battery Chargers and External Power Supplies HP Ex Parte Memo on Proposed Rulemaking for Battery Chargers and External

483

SECONDARY BATTERIES LITHIUM RECHARGEABLE SYSTEMS LITHIUM-ION | Overview  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The need to increase the specific energy and energy density of secondary batteries has become more urgent as a result of the recent rapid development of new applications, such as electric vehicles (EVs), load leveling, and various types of portable equipments, including cellular phones, personal computers, camcorders, and digital cameras. Among various types of secondary batteries, rechargeable lithium-ion batteries have been used in a wide variety of portable equipments due to their high energy density. Many researchers have contributed to develop lithium-ion batteries, and their contributions are reviewed from historical aspects onward, including the researches in primary battery with metal lithium anode, and secondary battery with metal lithium negative electrode. Researches of new materials are still very active to develop new lithium-ion batteries with higher performances. The researches of positive and negative electrode active materials and electrolytes are also reviewed historically.

J. Yamaki

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Two Studies Reveal Details of Lithium-Battery Function  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Two Studies Reveal Details of Lithium-Battery Function Print Two Studies Reveal Details of Lithium-Battery Function Print Our way of life is deeply intertwined with battery technologies that have enabled a mobile revolution powering cell phones, laptops, medical devices, and cars. As conventional lithium-ion batteries approach their theoretical energy-storage limits, new technologies are emerging to address the long-term energy-storage improvements needed for mobile systems, electric vehicles in particular. Battery performance depends on the dynamics of evolving electronic and chemical states that, despite advances in material synthesis and structural probes, remain elusive and largely unexplored. At Beamlines 8.0.1 and 9.3.2, researchers studied lithium-ion and lithium-air batteries, respectively, using soft x-ray spectroscopy techniques. The detailed information they obtained about the evolution of electronic and chemical states will be indispensable for understanding and optimizing better battery materials.

485

NREL Enhances the Performance of a Lithium-Ion Battery Cathode (Fact Sheet), Innovation: The Spectrum of Clean Energy Innovation, NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Enhances the Performance of Enhances the Performance of a Lithium-Ion Battery Cathode Scientists from NREL and the University of Toledo have combined theoretical and experimental studies to demonstrate a promising approach to significantly enhance the performance of lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO 4 ) cathodes for lithium-ion batteries. In the most common commercial design for lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries, the positive electrode or cathode is lithium cobalt oxide (LiCoO 2 ). This material exhibits high electrical conductivity, meaning that it can transport electrons very effectively. However, the cobalt in LiCoO 2 has at least two detrimental characteristics-it is relatively expensive, which leads to higher battery costs, and it is toxic, which poses potential environmental and safety issues.

486

Battery system including batteries that have a plurality of positive terminals and a plurality of negative terminals  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A lithium battery for use in a vehicle includes a container, a plurality of positive terminals extending from a first end of the lithium battery, and a plurality of negative terminals extending from a second end of the lithium battery. The plurality of positive terminals are provided in a first configuration and the plurality of negative terminals are provided in a second configuration, the first configuration differing from the second configuration. A battery system for use in a vehicle may include a plurality of electrically connected lithium cells or batteries.

Dougherty, Thomas J; Symanski, James S; Kuempers, Joerg A; Miles, Ronald C; Hansen, Scott A; Smith, Nels R; Taghikhani, Majid; Mrotek, Edward N; Andrew, Michael G

2014-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

487

Site Lead TQP Standard  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Qualification Standard for the Qualification Standard for the Office of Safety and Emergency Management Evaluations Site Lead Program May 2011 Office of Enforcement and Oversight Office of Health, Safety and Security U.S. Department of Energy 1 Qualification Standard for the Office of Safety and Emergency Management Evaluations Site Lead Program A Site Lead is an individual, normally at a senior General Schedule (GS) level or Excepted Service, who is assigned the responsibility to assess and evaluate management systems, safety and health programs, and technical activities associated with U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) nuclear and non-nuclear facilities. Typically, a Site Lead has previously qualified as a Nuclear Safety Specialist or a Senior Technical Safety Manager. For exceptionally qualified individuals,

488

3D Thermal and Electrochemical Model for Spirally Wound Large Format Lithium-ion Batteries (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In many commercial cells, long tabs at both cell sides, leading to uniform potentials along the spiral direction of wound jelly rolls, are rarely seen because of their high manufacturing cost. More often, several metal strips are welded at discrete locations along both current collector foils. With this design, the difference of electrical potentials is easily built up along current collectors in the spiral direction. Hence, the design features of the tabs, such as number, location and size, can be crucial factors for spiral-shaped battery cells. This paper presents a Li-ion battery cell model having a 3-dimensional spiral mesh involving a wound jellyroll structure. Further results and analysis will be given regarding impacts of tab location, number, and size.

Lee, K. J.; Kim, G. H.; Smith, K.

2010-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

489

Alan MacDiarmid, Conductive Polymers, and Plastic Batteries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Alan MacDiarmid, Conductive Polymers, and Plastic Batteries Alan MacDiarmid, Conductive Polymers, and Plastic Batteries Resources with Additional Information · Patents Alan MacDiarmid ©Alan MacDiarmid/ University of Pennsylvania Photo by Felice Macera Until 1987, the billions of batteries that had been marketed in myriad sizes and shapes all had one thing in common. To make electricity, they depended exclusively upon chemical reactions involving metal components of the battery. But today a revolutionary new type of battery is available commercially. It stores electricity in plastic. Plastic batteries are the most radical innovation in commercial batteries since the dry cell was introduced in 1890. Plastic batteries offer higher capacity, higher voltage, and longer shelf-life than many competitive designs. Companies are testing new shapes and configurations, including flat batteries, that can be bent like cardboard. Researchers expect that the new technology will free electronic designers from many of the constraints imposed by metal batteries such as limited recharging cycles, high weight, and high cost.

490

Polymeric Nanoscale All-Solid State Battery Steven E. Bullock1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Polymeric Nanoscale All-Solid State Battery Steven E. Bullock1 , and Peter Kofinas2 1 Department to an all solid- state polymer battery. Such a battery would have greater safety, without potential, the search for an all solid-state battery has continued. Research on polymeric materials for batteries has

Kofinas, Peter

491

Probing the Failure Mechanism of SnO{sub 2} Nanowires for Sodium-Ion Batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nonlithium metals such as sodium have attracted wide attention as a potential charge carrying ion for rechargeable batteries. Using in situ transmission electron microscopy in combination with density functional theory calculations, we probed the structural and chemical evolution of SnO{sub 2} nanowire anodes in Na-ion batteries and compared them quantitatively with results from Li-ion batteries (Huang, J. Y.; et al. Science 2010, 330, 1515-1520). Upon Na insertion into SnO{sub 2}, a displacement reaction occurs, leading to the formation of amorphous Na{sub x}Sn nanoparticles dispersed in Na{sub 2}O matrix. With further Na insertion, the Na{sub x}Sn crystallized into Na{sub 15}Sn{sub 4} (x = 3.75). Upon extraction of Na (desodiation), the Na{sub x}Sn transforms to Sn nanoparticles. Associated with the dealloying, pores are found to form, leading to a structure of Sn particles confined in a hollow matrix of Na{sub 2}O. These pores greatly increase electrical impedance, therefore accounting for the poor cyclability of SnO{sub 2}. DFT calculations indicate that Na{sup +} diffuses 30 times slower than Li{sup +} in SnO{sub 2}, in agreement with in situ TEM measurement. Insertion of Na can chemomechanically soften the reaction product to a greater extent than in lithiation. Therefore, in contrast to the lithiation of SnO{sub 2} significantly less dislocation plasticity was seen ahead of the sodiation front. This direct comparison of the results from Na and Li highlights the critical role of ionic size and electronic structure of different ionic species on the charge/discharge rate and failure mechanisms in these batteries.

Gu, Meng; Kushima, Akihiro; Shao, Yuyan; Zhang, Ji-Guang; Liu, Jun; Browning, Nigel D; Li, Ju; Wang, Chongmin

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

492

Process to produce lithium-polymer batteries  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A polymer bonded sheet product is described suitable for use as an electrode in a non-aqueous battery system. A porous electrode sheet is impregnated with a solid polymer electrolyte, so as to diffuse into the pores of the electrode. The composite is allowed to cool, and the electrolyte is entrapped in the porous electrode. The sheet products composed have the solid polymer electrolyte composition diffused into the active electrode material by melt-application of the solid polymer electrolyte composition into the porous electrode material sheet. The solid polymer electrolyte is maintained at a temperature that allows for rapid diffusion into the pores of the electrode. The composite electrolyte-electrode sheets are formed on current collectors and can be coated with solid polymer electrolyte prior to battery assembly. The interface between the solid polymer electrolyte composite electrodes and the solid polymer electrolyte coating has low resistance. 1 fig.

MacFadden, K.O.

1998-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

493

Battery using a metal particle bed electrode  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A zinc-air battery in a case including a zinc particle bed supported adjacent the current feeder and diaphragm on a porous support plate which holds the particles but passes electrolyte solution. Electrolyte is recycled through a conduit between the support plate and top of the bed by convective forces created by a density of differential caused by a higher concentration of high density discharge products in the interstices of the bed than in the electrolyte recycle conduit.

Evans, James V. (Piedmont, CA); Savaskan, Gultekin (Albany, CA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

A Look Inside SLAC's Battery Lab  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this video, Stanford materials science and engineering graduate student Zhi Wei Seh shows how he prepares battery materials in SLAC's energy storage laboratory, assembles dime-sized prototype "coin cells" and then tests them to see how many charge-discharge cycles they can endure without losing their ability to hold a charge. Results to date have already set records: After 1,000 cycles, they retain 70 percent of their original charge.

Wei Seh, Zhi

2014-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

495

How Advanced Batteries Are Energizing the Economy | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

How Advanced Batteries Are Energizing the Economy How Advanced Batteries Are Energizing the Economy How Advanced Batteries Are Energizing the Economy August 11, 2011 - 7:15pm Addthis Thanks in part to a $300 million grant through the Recovery Act, Johnson Controls has been able to retool a shuttered plant in Holland, Michigan to produce high-tech advanced batteries. John Schueler John Schueler Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What does this project do? Creates quality manufacturing jobs Positions America as a leader in the advanced battery industry Earlier today, President Obama visited Johnson Controls in Holland, Michigan to highlight how this once shuttered factory is helping rev up the advanced battery industry in the United States. This long dormant plant was revived by a $300 million Recovery Act grant which allowed Johnson Controls

496

Technology Analysis - Battery Recycling and Life Cycle Analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Lithium-Ion Battery Recycling and Life Cycle Analysis Lithium-Ion Battery Recycling and Life Cycle Analysis diagram of the battery recycling life cycle Several types of recycling processes are available, recovering materials usable at different stages of the production cycle- from metallic elements to materials that can be reused directly in new batteries. Recovery closer to final usable form avoids more impact-intensive process steps. Portions courtesy of Umicore, Inc. To identify the potential impacts of the growing market for automotive lithium-ion batteries, Argonne researchers are examining the material demand and recycling issues related to lithium-ion batteries. Research includes: Conducting studies to identify the greenest, most economical recycling processes, Investigating recycling practices to determine how much of which

497

NREL: News Feature - Award-Winning Battery's Secret is 'Buried'  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Award-Winning Battery's Secret is 'Buried' Award-Winning Battery's Secret is 'Buried' September 11, 2009 Photo of three men in a laboratory. In the background is a glovebox. NREL scientists Ed Tracy, left, Roland Pitts, right, and Dane Gillaspie, rear, pose in the lab where they continue to work on improving the award-winning buried-anode battery. Credit: Joe Poellot An innovative microbattery based on a National Renewable Energy Laboratory team's inspired digression is already bringing home major awards. But those involved with the buried anode thin-film rechargeable battery's ongoing development say the technology holds greatest promise as a building block for big batteries powering automobiles and storing power generated by wind, solar and other renewable energy systems. The PowerPlane UX, a coin-cell-sized battery produced by Planar Energy

498

A Better Anode Design to Improve Lithium-Ion Batteries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Better Anode Design to Improve A Better Anode Design to Improve Lithium-Ion Batteries A Better Anode Design to Improve Lithium-Ion Batteries Print Friday, 23 March 2012 13:53 Lithium-ion batteries are in smart phones, laptops, most other consumer electronics, and the newest electric cars. Good as these batteries are, the need for energy storage in batteries is surpassing current technologies. In a lithium-ion battery, charge moves from the cathode to the anode, a critical component for storing energy. A team of Berkeley Lab scientists has designed a new kind of anode that absorbs eight times the lithium of current designs, and has maintained its greatly increased energy capacity after more than a year of testing and many hundreds of charge-discharge cycles. Cyclical Science Succeeds

499

Remember the Batteries - and Maybe a Charger? | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Remember the Batteries - and Maybe a Charger? Remember the Batteries - and Maybe a Charger? Remember the Batteries - and Maybe a Charger? December 21, 2010 - 11:20am Addthis Elizabeth Spencer Communicator, National Renewable Energy Laboratory Happy holidays, everyone! No matter what holidays you observe in December, chances are you are getting gifts for someone. Yes, okay, that's a little crude-there's a whole lot more to any of the holidays than gifts-but chances are, you got something, or got something for someone. And some of those somethings probably need batteries. Back when I was much younger, batteries were one of the crucial elements of Christmas. We'd get a ton of toys, and then someone would have to have the foresight to buy a bunch of batteries. And while my family is blessed with someone who plans so thoroughly that we had a mighty stockpile of every

500

ZAP Advanced Battery Technologies JV | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ZAP Advanced Battery Technologies JV ZAP Advanced Battery Technologies JV Jump to: navigation, search Name ZAP & Advanced Battery Technologies JV Place Beijing, China Product JV between ZAP & Chinese battery manufacturer Advanced Battery Technologies focusing on manufacturing and marketing of advanced batteries for electric cars using the latest in nanotechnology. Coordinates 39.90601°, 116.387909° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.90601,"lon":116.387909,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}