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Sample records for law dome antarctica

  1. In situ radioglaciological measurements near Taylor Dome, Antarctica and implications for UHE neutrino astronomy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Besson; J. Jenkins; S. Matsuno; J. Nam; M. Smith; S. W. Barwick; J. J. Beatty; W. R. Binns; C. Chen; P. Chen; J. M. Clem; A. Connolly; P. F. Dowkontt; M. A. DuVernois; R. C. Field; D. Goldstein; P. W. Gorham; A. Goodhue; C. Hast; C. L. Hebert; S. Hoover; M. H. Israel; J. Kowalski; J. G. Learned; K. M. Liewer; J. T. Link; E. Lusczek; B. Mercurio; C. Miki; P. Miocinovic; C. J. Naudet; J. Ng; R. Nichol; K. Palladino; K. Reil; A. Romero-Wolf; M. Rosen; L. Ruckman; D. Saltzberg; D. Seckel; G. S. Varner; D. Walz; F. Wu

    2008-10-07

    Radiowave detection of the Cherenkov radiation produced by neutrino-ice collisions requires an understanding of the radiofrequency (RF) response of cold polar ice. We herein report on a series of radioglaciological measurements performed approximately 10 km north of Taylor Dome Station, Antarctica from Dec. 6, 2006 - Dec. 16, 2006. Using RF signals broadcast from: a) an englacial discone, submerged to a depth of 100 meters and broadcasting to a surface dual polarization horn receiver, and b) a dual-polarization horn antenna on the surface transmitting signals which reflect off the underlying bed and back up to the surface receiver, we have made time-domain estimates of both the real (index-of-refraction) and imaginary (attenuation length) components of the complex ice dielectric constant. We have also measured the uniformity of ice response along two orthogonal axes in the horizontal plane. We observe a wavespeed asymmetry of order 0.1%, projected onto the vertical propagation axis, consistent with some previous measurements, but somewhat lower than others.

  2. In situ radioglaciological measurements near Taylor Dome, Antarctica and implications for UHE neutrino astronomy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Besson, D; Matsuno, S; Nam, J; Smith, M

    2007-01-01

    Radiowave detection of the Cherenkov radiation produced by neutrino-ice collisions requires an understanding of the radiofrequency (RF) response of cold polar ice. We herein report on a series of radioglaciological measurements performed approximately 10 km north of Taylor Dome Station, Antarctica from Dec. 6, 2006 - Dec. 16, 2006. Using RF signals broadcast from: a) an englacial discone, submerged to a depth of 100 meters and broadcasting to a surface dual polarization horn receiver, and b) a dual-polarization horn antenna on the surface transmitting signals which reflect off the underlying bed and back up to the surface receiver, we have made time-domain estimates of both the real (index-of-refraction) and imaginary (attenuation length) components of the complex ice dielectric constant. We have also measured the uniformity of ice response along two orthogonal axes in the horizontal plane. We observe a wavespeed asymmetry of order 0.1%, projected onto the vertical propagation axis, consistent with some previ...

  3. Pulsations and period changes of the non-Blazhko RR lyrae variable Y oct observed from Dome A, Antarctica

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhihua, Huang; Jianning, Fu; Weikai, Zong; Lingzhi, Wang; Zonghong, Zhu [Department of Astronomy, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China); M, Macri Lucas; Lifan, Wang [Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX (United States); Ashley, Michael C. B.; S, Lawrence Jon; Daniel, Luong-Van [School of Physics, University of New South Wales, NSW (Australia); Xiangqun, Cui; Long-Long, Feng; Xuefei, Gong; Qiang, Liu; Huigen, Yang; Xiangyan, Yuan; Xu, Zhou; Zhenxi, Zhu [Chinese Center for Antarctic Astronomy, Nanjing (China); R, Pennypacker Carl [Center for Astrophysics, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA (United States); G, York Donald, E-mail: jnfu@bnu.edu.cn [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics and Enrico Fermi Institute, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States)

    2015-01-01

    During the operation of the Chinese Small Telescope Array (CSTAR) in Dome A of Antarctica in the years 2008, 2009, and 2010, large amounts of photometric data have been obtained for variable stars in the CSTAR field. We present here the study of one of six RR Lyrae variables, Y Oct, observed with CSTAR in Dome A, Antarctica. Photometric data in the i band were obtained in 2008 and 2010, with a duty cycle (defined as the fraction of time representing scientifically available data to CSTAR observation time) of about 44% and 52%, respectively. In 2009, photometric data in the g and r bands were gathered for this star, with a duty cycle of 65% and 60%, respectively. Fourier analysis of the data in the three bands only shows the fundamental frequency and its harmonics, which is characteristic of the non-Blazhko RR Lyrae variables. Values of the fundamental frequency and the amplitudes, as well as the total pulsation amplitude, are obtained from the data in the three bands separately. The amplitude of the fundamental frequency and the total pulsation amplitude in the g band are the largest, and those in the i band the smallest. Two-hundred fifty-one times of maximum are obtained from the three seasons of data, which are analyzed together with 38 maximum times provided in the GEOS RR Lyrae database. A period change rate of ?0.96 ± 0.07 days Myr{sup ?1} is then obtained, which is a surprisingly large negative value. Based on relations available in the literature, the following physical parameters are derived: [Fe/H] = ?1.41 ± 0.14, M{sub V} = 0.696 ± 0.014 mag, V?K = 1.182 ± 0.028 mag, logT{sub eff} = 3.802 ± 0.003 K, logg = 2.705 ± 0.004, logL/L{sub ?} = 1.625 ± 0.013, and logM/M{sub ?} = ?0.240 ± 0.019.

  4. First time-series optical photometry from Antarctica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. G. Strassmeier; R. Briguglio; T. Granzer; G. Tosti; I. DiVarano; I. Savanov; M. Bagaglia; S. Castellini; A. Mancini; G. Nucciarelli; O. Straniero; E. Distefano; S. Messina; G. Cutispoto

    2008-07-18

    Beating the Earth's day-night cycle is mandatory for long and continuous time-series photometry and had been achieved with either large ground-based networks of observatories at different geographic longitudes or when conducted from space. A third possibility is offered by a polar location with astronomically-qualified site characteristics. Aims. In this paper, we present the first scientific stellar time-series optical photometry from Dome C in Antarctica and analyze approximately 13,000 CCD frames taken in July 2007. We conclude that high-precision CCD photometry with exceptional time coverage and cadence can be obtained at Dome C in Antarctica and be successfully used for time-series astrophysics.

  5. Basal melt rates beneath Whillans Ice Stream, West Antarctica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beem, Lucas H.; Jezek, Ken C.; van der Veen, Cornelis J.

    2010-08-05

    and J.E. Mitchell. 1994. The role of the margins in the dynamics of an active ice stream. J. Glaciol., 40(136), 527–538. Engelhardt, H. 2004a. Ice temperature and high geothermal flux at Siple Dome, West Antarctica, from borehole measurements. J. Glaciol... ratio which varies laterally across the shear margin. Basal drag, ?b, basal velocity, U(b), basal temperature gradient, @T/@z(b), esti- mates of geothermal flux, G, plus knowledge of basal ice properties, density, ?, latent heat of fusion of ice, Li...

  6. Dome Tech | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (UtilityInstrumentsArea (DOEDixmont, Maine: EnergyOpenDome Tech Jump to:

  7. Lava Dome | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma, Arizona: Energy ResourcesProject |433014°, -82.9931607° ShowLava Dome

  8. Most Comprehensive Projections for West Antarctica's Future Revealed

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Most Comprehensive Projections for West Antarctica's Future Revealed Ice Sheet Model Reveals Most Comprehensive Projections for West Antarctica's Future BISICLES Simulations Run at...

  9. A mechanical model of early salt dome growth 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Irwin, Frank Albert

    1988-01-01

    salt and the upper layer representing the overlying sediment, is used to study the mechanics of growth in the early stages of salt dome formation. Three cases of this model, each representing a particular rate of removal of the surface topography..., are examined to determine which case best fits observations of salt domes in East Texas, Northwest Germany, and the North Sea. These observations include the spacing and growth rate of the dome and the amount of deformation of the sediments above the dome...

  10. Inferences On The Hydrothermal System Beneath The Resurgent Dome...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    more vigorous and energetic fluid circulation beneath the resurgent dome. Although this system apparently died off as a result of mineral deposition and cooling (andor...

  11. SOLUTION MINING IN SALT DOMES OF THE GULF COAST EMBAYMENT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Griswold, G. B.

    1981-02-01

    Following a description of salt resources in the salt domes of the gulf coast embayment, mining, particularly solution mining, is described. A scenario is constructed which could lead to release of radioactive waste stored in a salt dome via inadvertent solution mining and the consequences of this scenario are analyzed.

  12. Antarctica : A Southern Hemisphere Windpower Station?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolonkin, A A; Bolonkin, Alexander A.; Cathcart, Richard B.

    2007-01-01

    The International Polar Year commences in 2007. We offer a macroproject plan to generate a large amount of electricity on the continent of Antarctica by using sail-like wind dams incorporating air turbines. Electricity can be used to make exploration and exploitation efforts on Antarctica easier. We offer the technical specifications for the Fabric Aerial Dam and indicate some of the geographical facts underpinning our macro-engineering proposal.

  13. The seismic noise environment of Antarctica

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Anthony, Robert E.; Aster, Richard C.; Wiens, Douglas; Nyblade, Andrew; Anandakrishnan, Sridhar; Huerta, Audrey; Winberry, J. Paul; Wilson, Terry; Rowe, Charlotte

    2014-11-26

    Seismographic coverage of Antarctica prior to 2007 consisted overwhelmingly of a handful of long running and sporadically deployed transient stations, many of which were principally collocated with scientific research stations. Thus, despite very cold temperatures, sunless winters, challenging logistics, and extreme storms, recent developments in polar instrumentation driven by new scientific objectives have opened up the entirety of Antarctica to year–round and continuous seismological observation (e.g., Nyblade et al., 2012).

  14. Antarctica: A Southern Hemisphere Windpower Station?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander A. Bolonkin; Richard B. Cathcart

    2007-01-04

    The International Polar Year commences in 2007. We offer a macroproject plan to generate a large amount of electricity on the continent of Antarctica by using sail-like wind dams incorporating air turbines. Electricity can be used to make exploration and exploitation efforts on Antarctica easier. We offer the technical specifications for the Fabric Aerial Dam and indicate some of the geographical facts underpinning our macro-engineering proposal.

  15. Antarctica

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L O O D S TAPropaneandAn319Another key Y-12

  16. Inferences On The Hydrothermal System Beneath The Resurgent Dome...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    around 1980 and has included periods of intense seismicity and ground deformation. Uplift totaling more than 0.7 m has been centered on the caldera's resurgent dome, and is...

  17. Internal Geology and Evolution of the Redondo Dome, Valles Caldera...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Internal Geology and Evolution of the Redondo Dome, Valles Caldera, New Mexico Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Internal Geology...

  18. Energy Department Sells Historic Teapot Dome Oilfield | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1950s and 1960s, the oilfield was essentially closed until full development resumed in 1976. In 1977, jurisdiction for the Teapot Dome reserve was transferred from the Navy to the...

  19. Distribution of Quaternary Rhyolite Dome of the Coso Range California...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    domes and flows of phenocryst-poor, high-silica rhyolite of similar major element chemical composition were erupted over the past 1 m.y. from vents arranged in a crudely...

  20. CO2 diffusion in polar ice: observations from naturally formed CO2 spikes in the Siple Dome (Antarctica) ice core

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raggio Parkway, Reno, Nevada 89512-1095, USA ABSTRACT. One common assumption in interpreting ice-core CO2 records is that diffusion in the ice does not affect the concentration profile. However, this assumption/Ar and Kr/Ar), electrical conductivity and Ca2+ ion concentrations to show that substantial CO2 diffusion

  1. FLAMMABLE GAS DIFFUSION THROUGH SINGLE SHELL TANK (SST) DOMES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    MEACHAM, J.E.

    2003-11-10

    This report quantified potential hydrogen diffusion through Hanford Site Single-Shell tank (SST) domes if the SSTs were hypothetically sealed airtight. Results showed that diffusion would keep headspace flammable gas concentrations below the lower flammability limit in the 241-AX and 241-SX SST. The purpose of this document is to quantify the amount of hydrogen that could diffuse through the domes of the SSTs if they were hypothetically sealed airtight. Diffusion is assumed to be the only mechanism available to reduce flammable gas concentrations. The scope of this report is limited to the 149 SSTs.

  2. WA_96_012_ALLIEDSIGNAL_INC_CERAMIC_COMPONENTS_Waiver_of_Dome...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ALLIEDSIGNALINCCERAMICCOMPONENTSWaiverofDome.pdf WA96011ALLIEDSIGNALWaiverofDomesticandForeignRight.pdf WA1993021ALLIEDSIGNALINCWaiverofDomesticandForeign...

  3. UPb SHRIMP zircon geochronology and Ttd history of the Kampa Dome, southern Tibet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandiford, Mike

    U­Pb SHRIMP zircon geochronology and T­t­d history of the Kampa Dome, southern Tibet M.C. Quigley a, petrographic and geochronologic studies of the Kampa Dome provide insights into the tectonothermal evolution­S contraction, E­W extension and doming (D4). Structural and geochronologic variability amongst adjacent North

  4. Ice flow sensitivity to geothermal heat flux of Pine Island Glacier, Antarctica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Larour, E; Morlighem, M; Seroussi, H; Schiermeier, J; Rignot, E; Rignot, E

    2012-01-01

    to geothermal heat flux of Pine Island Glacier, Antarcticato geothermal heat flux of Pine Island Glacier, Antarctica,Pine Island Glacier, West Antarctica: (a) geothermal heat

  5. Lunar Gruithuisen and Mairan domes: Rheology and mode of emplacement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Head III, James William

    Science Department, Lancaster University, Lancaster, United Kingdom James W. Head Department of Geological is very low, $7 Â 10Ŕ5 m/s, and the Reynolds number of the motion is $2 Â 10Ŕ8 , implying a completely. Head, Lunar Gruithuisen and Mairan domes: Rheology and mode of emplacement, J. Geophys. Res., 108(E2

  6. Analysis of Venusian steepsided domes utilizing stereoderived topography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrick, Robert R.

    morphology varies along a continuous trend that is directly related to the aspect ratio. Domes with a low, cones, and large volcanic provinces [e.g., Head et al., 1991; Campbell and Campbell, 1992; Guest et al., 1992; Head et al., 1992; Crumpler et al., 1997; Magee and Head, 2001; Stofan et al., 2001; Byrnes

  7. Transport Processes in a Salt-Dome Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kornhuber, Ralf

    Transport Processes in a Salt-Dome Environment Sylvia Rockel Sebastian Sklorz Maurizio Vaccaro Summerschool in Modelling of Mass and Energy Transport in Porous Media With Practical Applications Berlin, 15 october 2010 #12;Problem · Subsurface flow and transport within a vertical cross section of a sedimentary

  8. Surface temperature and spectral measurements at Santiaguito lava dome, Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, William I.

    Surface temperature and spectral measurements at Santiaguito lava dome, Guatemala Steve T. M, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, Michigan, USA Otoniel Matias INSIVUMEH, Guatemala City, Guatemala Received 4 June 2004; revised 23 July 2004; accepted 20 September 2004; published 13 October 2004

  9. First detection of multi-shocks in RR Lyrae stars from Antarctica : A possible explanation of the Blazhko effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chadid, M.; Vernin, J.; Zalian, C.; Pouzenc, C.; Abe, L.; Agabi, A.; Aristidi, E.; Mékarnia, D.; Preston, G.; Liu, L.Y.; Trinquet, H.

    2014-11-01

    We present the first detection of multi-shocks propagating through the atmosphere of the Blazhko star S Arae using uninterrupted, accurate optical photometric data collected during one polar night, 150 days from Antarctica at Dome C, with the Photometer AntarctIca eXtinction (PAIX). We acquired 89,736 CCD frames during 323 pulsation cycles and 3 Blazhko cycles. We detected two new light curve properties in the PAIX light curve, jump and rump, which we associated with two new post-maximum shock waves Sh{sub PM1} and Sh{sub PM2}. jump, lump, rump, bump, and hump are induced by five shock waves, with different amplitudes and origins, Sh{sub PM1}, Sh{sub PM}, Sh{sub PM2}, Sh{sub PM3}, and the main shock Sh{sub H+He}. Correlations between the length of rise time and light amplitude and Sh{sub PM3} are monotonous during three Blazhko cycles, but the pulsation curve is double peaked. We discuss the physical mechanisms driving the modulation of these quantities. Finally, we hypothesize that the origin of the Blazhko effect is a dynamical interaction between a multi-shock structure and an outflowing wind in a coronal structure.

  10. A BARREL of fun in AntARcticA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christian, Eric

    full of large-scaled missions from Hawaii, New Mexico and Antarctica. n Above: Members of the BARREL team in Antarctica jump up and down in what they call the Low Wind Dance as they hope for the low wind the Solar Wind ­ 6 SVS Wins First Place in Video Contest ­ 8 Exploring Leadership: Dr. Hector De J. Ruiz ­ 9

  11. AMF Deployment, McMurdo Station, Antarctica

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.TheoryTuesday, August 10, 20102016 NewsUsers' Executive Azores Azores Antarctica

  12. Methyl chloride variability in the Taylor Dome ice core during the Holocene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verhulst, Kristal R; Aydin, Murat; Saltzman, Eric S

    2013-01-01

    in the Taylor Dome ice core during the Holocene Kristal R.2005GB002680. Lee-Taylor, J. , and K. R. Redeker (2005),

  13. Draft environmental assessment: Richton Dome site, Mississippi. Nuclear Waste Policy Act (Section 112). [Contains Glossary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1984-12-01

    In February 1983, the US Department of Energy identified the Richton dome site as one of the nine potentially acceptable sites for a mined geo

  14. Attenuation of acoustic waves in glacial ice and salt domes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. B. Price

    2005-06-27

    Two classes of natural solid media (glacial ice and salt domes) are under consideration as media in which to deploy instruments for detection of neutrinos with energy >1e18 eV. Though insensitive to 1e11 to 1e16 eV neutrinos for which observatories (e.g., AMANDA and IceCube) that utilize optical Cherenkov radiation detectors are designed, radio and acoustic methods are suited for searches for the very low fluxes of neutrinos with energies >1017 eV. This is because, due to the very long attenuation lengths of radio and acoustic waves in ice and salt, detection modules can be spaced very far apart. In this paper, I calculate the absorption and scattering coefficients as a function of frequency and grain size for acoustic waves in glacial ice and salt domes and show that experimental measurements on laboratory samples and in glacial ice and salt domes are consistent with theory. For South Pole ice with grain size 0.2 cm at -51 degrees C, scattering lengths are calculated to be 2000 km and 25 km at 10 kHz and 30 kHz, respectively, and the absorption length is calculated to be 9 km at frequencies above 100 Hz. For NaCl (rock salt) with grain size 0.75 cm, scattering lengths are calculated to be 120 km and 1.4 km at 10 kHz and 30 kHz, and absorption lengths are calculated to be 30,000 km and 3300 km at 10 kHz and 30 kHz. Existing measurements are consistent with theory. For ice, absorption is the limiting factor; for salt, scattering is the limiting factor.

  15. Field Survey of Cactus Crater Storage Facility (Runit Dome)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Douglas Miller, Terence Holland

    2008-10-31

    The US Department of Energy, Office of Health and Safety (DOE/HS-10), requested that National Security Technologies, LLC, Environmental Management directorate (NSTec/EM) perform a field survey of the Cactus Crater Storage Facility (Runit Dome), similar to past surveys conducted at their request. This field survey was conducted in conjunction with a Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) mission on Runit Island in the Enewetak Atoll in the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI). The survey was strictly a visual survey, backed up by digital photos and a written description of the current condition.

  16. Water Dome -An Augmented Environment-Yuki Sugihara and Susumu Tachi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tachi, Susumu

    Water Dome -An Augmented Environment- Yuki Sugihara and Susumu Tachi Dept. of Mathematical@star:t.u-tokyo.ac.jp Abstract The purpose of this research is to demonstrate the influence that a water dome has on a person. The following approach was usedfor this study: ( I )A water display was used as a projection screen; (2)The

  17. Sensitivity of storage field performance to geologic and cavern design parameters in salt domes.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ehgartner, Brian L.; Park, Byoung Yoon

    2009-03-01

    A sensitivity study was performed utilizing a three dimensional finite element model to assess allowable cavern field sizes for strategic petroleum reserve salt domes. A potential exists for tensile fracturing and dilatancy damage to salt that can compromise the integrity of a cavern field in situations where high extraction ratios exist. The effects of salt creep rate, depth of salt dome top, dome size, caprock thickness, elastic moduli of caprock and surrounding rock, lateral stress ratio of surrounding rock, cavern size, depth of cavern, and number of caverns are examined numerically. As a result, a correlation table between the parameters and the impact on the performance of storage field was established. In general, slower salt creep rates, deeper depth of salt dome top, larger elastic moduli of caprock and surrounding rock, and a smaller radius of cavern are better for structural performance of the salt dome.

  18. EIS-0010: Strategic Petroleum Reserves, Sulphur Mines Salt Dome, Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Strategic Petroleum Reserves prepared this EIS to assess the environmental impacts of the proposed storage of 24 million barrels of crude oil at the Sulphur Mines salt dome located in Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana, including construction and operation impacts.

  19. Fluid Flow In The Resurgent Dome Of Long Valley Caldera- Implications...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    The Resurgent Dome Of Long Valley Caldera- Implications From Thermal Data And Deep Electrical Sounding Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal...

  20. Domed community and several alternatives for Winooski, Vermont: the environmental, organizational, and energy conservation issues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wendt, R.L.

    1980-01-01

    The environmental, organizational, and energy conservation issues related to a domed structure enveloping Winooski, Vermont, are discussed. Alternative means of accomplishing energy conservation will be addressed. These include retrofitting of existing structures, replacement with state-of-the-art structures, the use of planting shelter-belts, redevelopment to an earth-sheltered community, and redevelopment to a composite domed neighborhood and earth-sheltered community. The assets and liabilities of each alternative are addressed.

  1. Cold domes over the warm pool: a study of the properties of cold domes produced by mesoscale convective systems during TOGA COARE 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caesar, Kathy-Ann Lois

    1995-01-01

    , and wind speeds in the cold domes. Unique to this project is that low-level altitude flight legs ranged from 35 m to 300 m. Composite soundings of the inflow environment were constructed using flight level data from the NOAA P3s, the NCAR Electra...

  2. Improved manufacturing techniques for RF and laser hardening of missile domes. Phase I. Technical report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pawlewicz, W.T.; Mann, I.B.; Martin, P.M.; Hays, D.D.; Graybeal, A.G.

    1982-07-01

    This report summarizes key results and accomplishements during the first year of a Manufacturing Methods and Technology project to adapt an existing Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) optical coating capability developed for high-power fusion-laser applications to the case of rf and laser hardening of plastic missile domes used by the US Army (MICOM). The primary objective of the first year's work was to demonstrate rf hardening of Hellfire and Copperhead 1.06-micron missile domes by use of transparent conductive Indium Tin Oxide (ITO) coatings. The project thus involved adaptation of a coating material and process developed for flat glass components used in fusion lasers to the case of hemispherical or conical heat-sensitive plastic domes used on laser-guided missiles. Specific ITO coating property goals were an electrical sheet resistance of 10 Ohms/square, a coated-dome transmission of 80% or more at 1.06 micron wavelength (compared to 90% for a bare dome), and good adhesion. The sheet resistance goal of 10 Ohms/square was expected to result in an rf attenuation of 30 dB at the frequencies of importance.

  3. Flattening Scientific CCD Imaging Data with a Dome Flat Field System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. L. Marshall; D. L. DePoy

    2005-10-07

    We describe the flattening of scientific CCD imaging data using a dome flat field system. The system uses light emitting diodes (LEDs) to illuminate a carefully constructed dome flat field screen. LEDs have several advantages over more traditional illumination sources: they are available in a wide range of output wavelengths, are inexpensive, have a very long source lifetime, and are straightforward to control digitally. The circular dome screen is made of a material with Lambertian scattering properties that efficiently reflects light of a wide range of wavelengths and incident angles. We compare flat fields obtained using this new system with two types of traditionally-constructed flat fields: twilight sky flats and nighttime sky flats. Using photometric standard stars as illumination sources, we test the quality of each flat field by applying it to a set of standard star observations. We find that the dome flat field system produces flat fields that are superior to twilight or nighttime sky flats, particularly for photometric calibration. We note that a ratio of the twilight sky flat to the nighttime sky flat is flat to within the expected uncertainty; but since both of these flat fields are inferior to the dome flat, this common test is not an appropriate metric for testing a flat field. Rather, the only feasible and correct method for determining the appropriateness of a flat field is to use standard stars to measure the reproducibility of known magnitudes across the detector.

  4. Degradation of dome cutting minerals in Hanford waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reynolds, Jacob G.; Huber, Heinz J.; Cooke, Gary A.

    2013-01-11

    At the Hanford Tank Farms, recent changes in retrieval technology require cutting new risers in several single-shell tanks. The Hanford Tank Farm Operator is using water jet technology with abrasive silicate minerals such as garnet or olivine to cut through the concrete and rebar dome. The abrasiveness of these minerals, which become part of the high-level waste stream, may enhance the erosion of waste processing equipment. However, garnet and olivine are not thermodynamically stable in Hanford waste, slowly degrading over time. How likely these materials are to dissolve completely in the waste before the waste is processed in the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant can be evaluated using theoretical analysis for olivine and collected direct experimental evidence for garnet. Based on an extensive literature study, a large number of primary silicates decompose into sodalite and cancrinite when exposed to Hanford waste. Given sufficient time, the sodalite also degrades into cancrinite. Even though cancrinite has not been directly added to any Hanford tanks during process times, it is the most common silicate observed in current Hanford waste. By analogy, olivine and garnet are expected to ultimately also decompose into cancrinite. Garnet used in a concrete cutting demonstration was immersed in a simulated supernate representing the estimated composition of the liquid retrieving waste from Hanford tank 241-C-107 at both ambient and elevated temperatures. This simulant was amended with extra NaOH to determine if adding caustic would help enhance the degradation rate of garnet. The results showed that the garnet degradation rate was highest at the highest NaOH concentration and temperature. At the end of 12 weeks, however, the garnet grains were mostly intact, even when immersed in 2 molar NaOH at 80 deg C. Cancrinite was identified as the degradation product on the surface of the garnet grains. In the case of olivine, the rate of degradation in the high-pH regimes of a waste tank is expected to depend on two main parameters: carbonate is expected to slow olivine degradation rates, whereas hydroxide is expected to enhance olivine dissolution rates. Which of these two competing dissolution drivers will have a larger impact on the dissolution rate in the specific environment of a waste tank is currently not identifiable. In general, cancrinite is much smaller and less hard than either olivine or garnet, so would be expected to be less erosive to processing equipment. Complete degradation of either garnet or olivine prior to being processed at the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant cannot be confirmed, however.

  5. Degradation of Dome Cutting Minerals in Hanford Waste - 13100

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reynolds, Jacob G.; Cooke, Gary A.; Huber, Heinz J. [Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC, P.O. Box 850, Richland, WA 99352 (United States)] [Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC, P.O. Box 850, Richland, WA 99352 (United States)

    2013-07-01

    At the Hanford Tank Farms, recent changes in retrieval technology require cutting new risers in several single-shell tanks. The Hanford Tank Farm Operator is using water jet technology with abrasive silicate minerals such as garnet or olivine to cut through the concrete and rebar dome. The abrasiveness of these minerals, which become part of the high-level waste stream, may enhance the erosion of waste processing equipment. However, garnet and olivine are not thermodynamically stable in Hanford waste, slowly degrading over time. How likely these materials are to dissolve completely in the waste before the waste is processed in the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant can be evaluated using theoretical analysis for olivine and collected direct experimental evidence for garnet. Based on an extensive literature study, a large number of primary silicates decompose into sodalite and cancrinite when exposed to Hanford waste. Given sufficient time, the sodalite also degrades into cancrinite. Even though cancrinite has not been directly added to any Hanford tanks during process times, it is the most common silicate observed in current Hanford waste. By analogy, olivine and garnet are expected to ultimately also decompose into cancrinite. Garnet used in a concrete cutting demonstration was immersed in a simulated supernate representing the estimated composition of the liquid retrieving waste from Hanford tank 241-C-107 at both ambient and elevated temperatures. This simulant was amended with extra NaOH to determine if adding caustic would help enhance the degradation rate of garnet. The results showed that the garnet degradation rate was highest at the highest NaOH concentration and temperature. At the end of 12 weeks, however, the garnet grains were mostly intact, even when immersed in 2 molar NaOH at 80 deg. C. Cancrinite was identified as the degradation product on the surface of the garnet grains. In the case of olivine, the rate of degradation in the high-pH regimes of a waste tank is expected to depend on two main parameters: carbonate is expected to slow olivine degradation rates, whereas hydroxide is expected to enhance olivine dissolution rates. Which of these two competing dissolution drivers will have a larger impact on the dissolution rate in the specific environment of a waste tank is currently not identifiable. In general, cancrinite is much smaller and less hard than either olivine or garnet, so would be expected to be less erosive to processing equipment. Complete degradation of either garnet or olivine prior to being processed at the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant cannot be confirmed, however. (authors)

  6. Postdepositional losses of methane sulfonate, nitrate, and chloride at the European Project for Ice Coring in Antarctica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer, Hubertus

    ) drilling site in Dronning Maud Land (DML) (75°S, 0°E). Analyses of four intermediate deep firn cores and 13 Coring in Antarctica deep-drilling site in Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica R. Weller,1 F. Traufetter,1,2 H, and chloride at the European Project for Ice Coring in Antarctica deep-drilling site in Dronning Maud Land

  7. Seismic stratigraphy of the Adare Trough area, Antarctica Joanne M. Whittaker , R. Dietmar Mller

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Müller, Dietmar

    Seismic stratigraphy of the Adare Trough area, Antarctica Joanne M. Whittaker , R. Dietmar Müller examine the sequence stratigraphy from multi- channel seismic data to explore the influence of changing, is the extinct third arm of a Tertiary spreading ridge that separated East from West Antarctica. We use seismic

  8. Influence of tides on melting and freezing beneath FilchnerRonne Ice Shelf, Antarctica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holland, David

    Influence of tides on melting and freezing beneath FilchnerRonne Ice Shelf, Antarctica Keith doubles. With tidal forcing, the spatial pattern and magnitude of basal melting and freezing generally), Influence of tides on melting and freezing beneath FilchnerRonne Ice Shelf, Antarctica, Geophys. Res. Lett

  9. Don Juan Pond, Antarctica: Near-surface CaCl2-brine feeding Earth's most saline

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marchant, David R.

    Don Juan Pond, Antarctica: Near-surface CaCl2-brine feeding Earth's most saline lake on Earth. We report on new studies of Don Juan Pond (DJP), which exists at the upper limit of ephemeral on Juan Pond (DJP), found at the lowest point in the South Fork of Upper Wright Valley, Antarctica (Figure

  10. Precambrian Research 116 (2002) 237263 UPb geochronology from Tonagh Island, East Antarctica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2002-01-01

    Precambrian Research 116 (2002) 237­263 U­Pb geochronology from Tonagh Island, East Antarctica, CA 90095-1567, USA Accepted 13 February 2002 Abstract Ion microprobe U­Pb zircon geochronology Antarctica; U­Pb geochronology; Zircon; Ion probe www.elsevier.com/locate/precamres 1. Introduction

  11. Transport Processes in a Salt-Dome Environment We consider coupled subsurface flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kornhuber, Ralf

    Transport Processes in a Salt-Dome Environment ­ A ­ We consider coupled subsurface flow and transport within a vertical cross section of a sedimentary basin. To illustrate the effects of (1) heat flow and heat transport simulations will be compared with coupled flow and mass transport simulations

  12. Carboniferous tectonic history of the eastern flank of the Ozark dome

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nelson, W.J. (Illinois State Geological Survey, Champaign, IL (United States))

    1993-03-01

    Detailed geologic mapping in southwestern Illinois and southeastern Missouri indicates that the eastern flank of the Ozark dome was a low positive area throughout Carboniferous (Mississippian and Pennsylvanian) time. Rock units of this age consistently thin onto the flank of the dome, and are punctuated by numerous disconformities. Effects of shoaling are prominent in Chesterian strata, which change from dominantly subtidal in the proto-Illinois basin to shallow subtidal, intertidal and supratidal on the flank of the dome. Although the dome probably was exposed subaerially for much of Carboniferous time, it contributed little sediment eastward. The exposed rocks were largely carbonates, which weathered by solution. Several long-lived basement structures on the east flank of the Ozarks were active during the Carboniferous. Chief among them were the Lincoln and Waterloo-Dupo anticlines, the Du Quoin monocline, and the Ste. Genevieve fault zone. All are high-angle reverse faults that strike north to northwest, and are overlain by sharp folds in sedimentary cover. Major displacements took place in late Valmeyeran to Atokan time, and addition deformation occurred in Desmoinesian through post-Pennsylvanian time. The compressional deformation probably is a product of the Ouachita orogeny.

  13. Doming in compressional orogenic settings: New geochronological constraints from the NW Himalaya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Bradley R.

    Doming in compressional orogenic settings: New geochronological constraints from the NW Himalaya to as the Khanjar Shear Zone (KSZ) and the Zanskar Shear Zone (ZSZ), respectively. Geochronological dating geochronological constraints from the NW Himalaya, Tectonics, 25, TC2007, doi:10.1029/ 2004TC001774. 1

  14. Assessment of dome-fill technology and potential fill materials for the Hanford single-shell tanks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smyth, J.D.; Shade, J.W.; Somasundaram, S.

    1992-05-01

    This study is part of a task that will identify dome-fill materials to stabilize and prevent the collapse of the structures of 149 single- shell tanks (SSTs). The SSTs were built at the Hanford Site in Washington State and used between 1944 and 1980 to store radioactive and other hazardous wastes. In addition to identifying suitable fill materials, this task will develop the technology and methods required to fill the tanks with the selected material. To date, basalt is the only candidate fill material with any testing conducted for its suitability as a dome-fill material. Sufficient data do not exist to select or eliminate basalt as a candidate material. This report documents a review of past dome-fill work at the Hanford Site and of other pertinent literature to establish a baseline for the dome-fill technology. In addition, the report identifies existing dome-fill technology, preliminary performance criteria for dome-fill technology development, potential testing strategies, and potential fill materials. As a part of this study, potential fill materials are qualitatively evaluated and a list of preliminary candidate fill materials is identified. Future work will further screen these materials. The dome-fill task work will ultimately contribute to the development of a final waste form package and the safe isolation of wastes from the Hanford Site SSTs.

  15. Geologic technical assessment of the Chacahoula Salt Dome, Louisiana, for potential expansion of the U.S. strategic petroleum reserve.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Snider, Anna C.; Rautman, Christopher Arthur; Looff, Karl M.

    2006-03-01

    The Chacahoula salt dome, located in southern Louisiana, approximately 66 miles southwest of New Orleans, appears to be a suitable site for a 160-million-barrel-capacity expansion facility for the U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve, comprising sixteen 10-million barrel underground storage caverns. The overall salt dome appears to cover an area of some 1800 acres, or approximately 2.8 square miles, at a subsea elevation of 2000 ft, which is near the top of the salt stock. The shallowest known salt is present at 1116 ft, subsea. The crest of the salt dome is relatively flatlying, outward to an elevation of -4000 ft. Below this elevation, the flanks of the dome plunge steeply in all directions. The dome appears to comprise two separate spine complexes of quasi-independently moving salt. Two mapped areas of salt overhang, located on the eastern and southeastern flanks of the salt stock, are present below -8000 ft. These regions of overhang should present no particular design issues, as the conceptual design SPR caverns are located in the western portion of the dome. The proposed cavern field may be affected by a boundary shear zone, located between the two salt spines. However, the large size of the Chacahoula salt dome suggests that there is significant design flexibility to deal with such local geologic issues.

  16. Imaging dipping sediments at a salt dome flank -VSP seismic interferometry and reverse-time Rongrong Lu*, Mark Willis, Xander Campman, Jonathan Ajo-Franklin, M. Nafi Toksz, ERL, MIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ajo-Franklin, Jonathan

    Imaging dipping sediments at a salt dome flank - VSP seismic interferometry and reverse We present results of applying seismic interferometry to image dipping sediments abutting a salt dome overhanging salt dome. The sediment reflectors in the model dip up towards the salt dome flank. To process

  17. EIS-0029: Strategic Petroleum Reserve, Texoma Group Salt Domes, Cameron and Calcasieu Parishes, Louisiana and Jefferson County, TX

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Strategic Petroleum Reserves developed this EIS to analyze the environmental impacts that could occur during site preparation and operation of oil storage facilities at each of four proposed candidate sites in the Texoma Group of salt domes.

  18. Analysis of Thermal Conditions of the 6-m BTA Telescope Elements and the Telescope Dome Space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emelianov, E V

    2015-01-01

    The results obtained using the temperature monitoring systems of the 6-m BTA telescope primary mirror, dome space, and external environment are reported. We consider the factors that affect the development of microturbulence in the near-mirror air layer and inside the dome space, variation of the telescope focal length with the temperature of its structures, variation of seeing due to temperature gradients inside the primary mirror of the 6-m telescope. The methods used in various observatories for reducing microturbulence are analyzed. We formulate suggestions concerning the improvement of the temperature monitoring system currently in operation and the system of automatic adjustment of the telescope focal length to compensate the thermal drift of the focus during observations.

  19. West Antarctica snow accumulation trend study (1979-2011) from Snow Radar and ice core profiles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, Boyu

    2014-12-31

    Ice sheets are under threat from increasing air and ocean temperatures. For Antarctica, observed changes are most apparent near the margins; inland the effects of a warming atmosphere and changing circulation patterns are less clear. Snow...

  20. A new velocity map for Byrd Glacier, East Antarctica, derived from high-resolution satellite imagery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stearns, Leigh; Hamilton, Gordon

    2005-06-01

    New ice-velocity measurements are obtained for the main trunk of Byrd Glacier, East Antarctica, using recently acquired Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) imagery. The velocities are derived from the application...

  1. Secondary Growth in Vertebraria Roots from the Late Permian of Antarctica: A Change in Developmental Timing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Decombeix, Anne-Laure; Taylor, Edith L.; Taylor, Thomas N.

    2009-06-01

    Permineralized Vertebraria roots from the late Permian of the Central Transantarctic Mountains, Antarctica, are investigated to understand the unusual vascular anatomy of the genus. The specimens range from ?1 mm to several centimeters in diameter...

  2. Incorporation of particulates into accreted ice above subglacial Vostok lake, Antarctica 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siegert, M. J.; Royston-Bishop, G.; Priscu, J. C.; Tranter, M.; Christner, B.; Lee, V.

    2005-01-01

    The nature of microscopic particulates in meteoric and accreted ice from the Vostok (Antarctica) ice core is assessed in conjunction with existing ice-core data to investigate the mechanism by which particulates are ...

  3. Biological characteristics of Uphausia superba dan in acoustically detected aggregations near Elephant Island, Antarctica 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yeager, Marilyn Smith

    1994-01-01

    , Antarctica. Four areas of high krill concentrations were identified with a towed l2OkHz single frequency spift-beam acoustic transponder. Discrete samples were collected at user-designated depths to examine length and developmental stage variability...

  4. Satellite investigations of ice-ocean interactions in the Amundsen Sea sector of West Antarctica 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMillan, Malcolm John

    2012-06-25

    This thesis analyses satellite-based radar data to improve our understanding of the interactions between the Antarctic Ice Sheet and the ocean in the Amundsen Sea Sector of West Antarctica. Over the last two decades, the ...

  5. Force budget: III, Application to three-dimensional flow of Byrd Glacier, Antarctica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whillans, I. M.; Chen, Y. H.; van der Veen, Cornelis J.; Hughes, T. J.

    1989-09-05

    Stresses at the surface and at depth are calculated for a stretch of Byrd Glacier, Antarctica. The calculations are based on photogrammetrically determined velocities and elevations, and on radio-echo-determined ice ...

  6. MONITORING STRATIFICATION AND CURRENTS AT THE CONTINENTAL SLOPE OF THE SCOTIA SEA, ANTARCTICA 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thornton, Melanie 1989-

    2011-05-02

    fulfillment of the requirements for the designation as UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH SCHOLAR A Senior Scholars Thesis by MELANIE R. THORNTON MONITORING STRATIFICATION AND CURRENTS AT THE CONTINENTAL SLOPE OF THE SCOTIA SEA, ANTARCTICA Approved by... of the requirements for the designation as UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH SCHOLAR A Senior Scholars Thesis by MELANIE R. THORNTON iii ABSTRACT Monitoring Stratification and Currents at the Continental Slope of the Scotia Sea, Antarctica. (April 2011...

  7. Assessment of Effectiveness of Geologic Isolation Systems: REFERENCE SITE INITIAL ASSESSMENT FOR A SALT DOME REPOSITORY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harwell,, M. A.; Brandstetter,, A.; Benson,, G. L.; Bradley,, D. J.; Serne,, R. J.; Soldat, J. K; Cole,, C. R.; Deutsch,, W. J.; Gupta,, S. K.; Harwell,, C. C.; Napier,, B. A.; Reisenauer,, A. E.; Prater,, L. S.; Simmons,, C. S.; Strenge,, D. L.; Washburn,, J. F.; Zellmer,, J. T.

    1982-06-01

    As a methodology demonstration for the Office of Nuclear Waste Isolation (ONWI), the Assessment of Effectiveness of Geologic Isolation Systems (AEGIS) Program conducted an initial reference site analysis of the long-term effectiveness of a salt dome repository. The Hainesville Salt Dome in Texas was chosen to be representative of the Gulf Coast interior salt domes; however, the Hainesville Site has been eliminated as a possible nuclear waste repository site. The data used for this exercise are not adequate for an actual assessment, nor have all the parametric analyses been made that would adequately characterize the response of the geosystem surrounding the repository. Additionally, because this was the first exercise of the complete AEGIS and WASTE Rock Interaction Technology (WRIT) methodology, this report provides the initial opportunity for the methodology, specifically applied to a site, to be reviewed by the community outside the AEGIS. The scenario evaluation, as a part of the methodology demonstration, involved consideration of a large variety of potentially disruptive phenomena, which alone or in concert could lead to a breach in a salt dome repository and to a subsequent transport of the radionuclides to the environment. Without waste- and repository-induced effects, no plausible natural geologic events or processes which would compromise the repository integrity could be envisioned over the one-million-year time frame after closure. Near-field (waste- and repository-induced) effects were excluded from consideration in this analysis, but they can be added in future analyses when that methodology development is more complete. The potential for consequential human intrusion into salt domes within a million-year time frame led to the consideration of a solution mining intrusion scenario. The AEGIS staff developed a specific human intrusion scenario at 100 years and 1000 years post-closure, which is one of a whole suite of possible scenarios. This scenario resulted in the delivery of radionuclidecontaminated brine to the surface, where a portion was diverted to culinary salt for direct ingestion by the existing population. Consequence analyses indicated calculated human doses that would be highly deleterious. Additional analyses indicated that doses well above background would occur from such a scenario t even if it occurred a million years into the future. The way to preclude such an intrusion is for continued control over the repository sitet either through direct institutional control or through the effective passive transfer of information. A secondary aspect of the specific human intrusion scenario involved a breach through the side of the salt dome t through which radionuclides migrated via the ground-water system to the accessible environment. This provided a demonstration of the geotransport methodology that AEGIS can use in actual site evaluations, as well as the WRIT program's capabilities with respect to defining the source term and retardation rates of the radionuclides in the repository. This reference site analysis was initially published as a Working Document in December 1979. That version was distributed for a formal peer review by individuals and organizations not involved in its development. The present report represents a revisiont based in part on the responses received from the external reviewers. Summaries of the comments from the reviewers and responses to these comments by the AEGIS staff are presented. The exercise of the AEGIS methodology was successful in demonstrating the methodologyt and thus t in providing a basis for substantive peer review, in terms of further development of the AEGIS site-applications capability and in terms of providing insight into the potential for consequential human intrusion into a salt dome repository.

  8. Assessment of Effectiveness of Geologic Isolation Systems: REFERENCE SITE INITIAL ASSESSMENT FOR A SALT DOME REPOSITORY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harwell,, M. A.; Brandstetter,, A.; Benson,, G. L.; Raymond,, J. R.; Brandley,, D. J.; Serne,, R. J.; Soldat,, J. K.; Cole,, C. R.; Deutsch,, W. J.; Gupta,, S. K.; Harwell,, C. C.; Napier,, B. A.; Reisenauer,, A. E.; Prater,, L. S.; Simmons,, C. S.; Strenge,, D. L.; Washburn,, J. F.; Zellmer,, J. T.

    1982-06-01

    As a methodology demonstration for the Office of Nuclear Waste Isolation (ONWI), the Assessment of Effectiveness of Geologic Isolation Systems (AEGIS) Program conducted an initial reference site analysis of the long-term effectiveness of a salt dome repository. The Hainesville Salt Dome in Texas was chosen to be representative of the Gulf Coast interior salt domes; however, the Hainesville Site has been eliminated as a possible nuclear waste repository site. The data used for this exercise are not adequate for an actual assessment, nor have all the parametric analyses been made that would adequately characterize the response of the geosystem surrounding the repository. Additionally, because this was the first exercise of the complete AEGIS and WASTE Rock Interaction Technology (WRIT) methodology, this report provides the initial opportunity for the methodology, specifically applied to a site, to be reviewed by the community outside the AEGIS. The scenario evaluation, as a part of the methodology demonstration, involved consideration of a large variety of potentially disruptive phenomena, which alone or in concert could lead to a breach in a salt dome repository and to a subsequent transport of the radionuclides to the environment. Without waste- and repository-induced effects, no plausible natural geologic events or processes which would compromise the repository integrity could be envisioned over the one-million-year time frame after closure. Near-field (waste- and repository-induced) effects were excluded from consideration in this analysis, but they can be added in future analyses when that methodology development is more complete. The potential for consequential human intrusion into salt domes within a million-year time frame led to the consideration of a solution mining intrusion scenario. The AEGIS staff developed a specific human intrusion scenario at 100 years and 1000 years post-closure, which is one of a whole suite of possible scenarios. This scenario resulted in the delivery of radionuclidecontaminated brine to the surface, where a portion was diverted to culinary salt for direct ingestion by the existing population. Consequence analyses indicated calculated human doses that would be highly deleterious. Additional analyses indicated that doses well above background would occur from such a scenario t even if it occurred a million years into the future. The way to preclude such an intrusion is for continued control over the repository sitet either through direct institutional control or through the effective passive transfer of information. A secondary aspect of the specific human intrusion scenario involved a breach through the side of the salt dome t through which radionuclides migrated via the ground-water system to the accessible environment. This provided a demonstration of the geotransport methodology that AEGIS can use in actual site evaluations, as well as the WRIT program's capabilities with respect to defining the source term and retardation rates of the radionuclides in the repository. This reference site analysis was initially published as a Working Document in December 1979. That version was distributed for a formal peer review by individuals and organizations not involved in its development. The present report represents a revisiont based in part on the responses received from the external reviewers. Summaries of the comments from the reviewers and responses to these comments by the AEGIS staff are presented. The exercise of the AEGIS methodology was sUGcessful in demonstrating the methodologyt and thus t in providing a basis for substantive peer review, in terms of further development of the AEGIS site-applications capability and in terms of providing insight into the potential for consequential human intrusion into a salt dome repository.

  9. The Thermal Environment of the Fiber Glass Dome for the New Solar Telescope at Big Bear Solar Observatory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. P. Verdoni; C. Denker; J. R. Varsik; S. Shumko; J. Nenow; R. Coulter

    2007-08-04

    The New Solar Telescope (NST) is a 1.6-meter off-axis Gregory-type telescope with an equatorial mount and an open optical support structure. To mitigate the temperature fluctuations along the exposed optical path, the effects of local/dome-related seeing have to be minimized. To accomplish this, NST will be housed in a 5/8-sphere fiberglass dome that is outfitted with 14 active vents evenly spaced around its perimeter. The 14 vents house louvers that open and close independently of one another to regulate and direct the passage of air through the dome. In January 2006, 16 thermal probes were installed throughout the dome and the temperature distribution was measured. The measurements confirmed the existence of a strong thermal gradient on the order of 5 degree Celsius inside the dome. In December 2006, a second set of temperature measurements were made using different louver configurations. In this study, we present the results of these measurements along with their integration into the thermal control system (ThCS) and the overall telescope control system (TCS).

  10. Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) additional geologic site characterization studies, Bayou Choctaw salt dome, Louisiana

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neal, J.T. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Magorian, T.R. [Magorian (Thomas R.), Amherst, NY (United States); Byrne, K.O.; Denzler, S. [Acres International Corp., Amherst, NY (United States)

    1993-09-01

    This report revises and updates the geologic site characterization report that was published in 1980. Revised structure maps and sections show interpretative differences in the dome shape and caprock structural contours, especially a major east-west trending shear zone, not mapped in the 1980 report. Excessive gas influx in Caverns 18 and 20 may be associated with this shear zone. Subsidence values at Bayou Choctaw are among the lowest in the SPR system, averaging only about 10 mm/yr but measurement and interpretation issues persist, as observed values often approximate measurement accuracy. Periodic, temporary flooding is a continuing concern because of the low site elevation (less than 10 ft), and this may intensify as future subsidence lowers the surface even further. Cavern 4 was re-sonared in 1992 and the profiles suggest that significant change has not occurred since 1980, thereby reducing the uncertainty of possible overburden collapse -- as occurred at Cavern 7 in 1954. Other potential integrity issues persist, such as the proximity of Cavern 20 to the dome edge, and the narrow web separating Caverns 15 and 17. Injection wells have been used for the disposal of brine but have been only marginally effective thus far; recompletions into more permeable lower Pleistocene gravels may be a practical way of increasing injection capacity and brinefield efficiency. Cavern storage space is limited on this already crowded dome, but 15 MMBBL could be gained by enlarging Cavern 19 and by constructing a new cavern beneath and slightly north of abandoned Cavern 13. Environmental issues center on the low site elevation: the backswamp environment combined with the potential for periodic flooding create conditions that will require continuing surveillance.

  11. Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) additional geologic site characterization studies, Bryan Mound Salt Dome, Texas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neal, J.T.; Magorian, T.R.; Ahmad, S.

    1994-11-01

    This report revises the original report that was published in 1980. Some of the topics covered in the earlier report were provisional and it is now practicable to reexamine them using new or revised geotechnical data and that obtained from SPR cavern operations, which involves 16 new caverns. Revised structure maps and sections show interpretative differences as compared with the 1980 report and more definition in the dome shape and caprock structural contours, especially a major southeast-northwest trending anomalous zone. The original interpretation was of westward tilt of the dome, this revision shows a tilt to the southeast, consistent with other gravity and seismic data. This interpretation refines the evaluation of additional cavern space, by adding more salt buffer and allowing several more caverns. Additional storage space is constrained on this nearly full dome because of low-lying peripheral wetlands, but 60 MMBBL or more of additional volume could be gained in six or more new caverns. Subsidence values at Bryan Mound are among the lowest in the SPR system, averaging about 11 mm/yr (0.4 in/yr), but measurement and interpretation issues persist, as observed values are about the same as survey measurement accuracy. Periodic flooding is a continuing threat because of the coastal proximity and because peripheral portions of the site are at elevations less than 15 ft. This threat may increase slightly as future subsidence lowers the surface, but the amount is apt to be small. Caprock integrity may be affected by structural features, especially the faulting associated with anomalous zones. Injection wells have not been used extensively at Bryan Mound, but could be a practicable solution to future brine disposal needs. Environmental issues center on the areas of low elevation that are below 15 feet above mean sea level: the coastal proximity and lowland environment combined with the potential for flooding create conditions that require continuing surveillance.

  12. Modelling of mineral dust for interglacial and glacial climate conditions with a focus on Antarctica

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sudarchikova, Natalia; Mikolajewicz, Uwe; Timmreck, C.; O'Donnell, D.; Schurgers, G.; Sein, Dmitry; Zhang, Kai

    2015-01-01

    Mineral dust cycle responds to insolation-induced climate change and plays an important role in the climate system by affecting the radiative balance of the atmosphere. Polar ice cores provide unique information about deposition of aeolian dust particles in the past which indicates climate variability. In the current study the dust cycle in different climate conditions simulated by ECHAM5-HAM is analyzed. The study is focused on the Southern Hemisphere with emphasis on the Antarctic region. The investigated periods include four interglacial time-slices: the pre-industrial control (CTRL), mid-Holocene (6,000 years BP), Eemian (126,000 years BP), last glacial inception (115,000 years BP) and one glacial time interval: Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) (21,000 years BP). This study is a first attempt to simulate past interglacial dust cycles and to understand the quantitative contribution of different processes, such as emission, atmospheric transport and precipitation to the total dust deposition in Antarctica. Results suggest increased deposition of mineral dust globally and in Antarctica in the past interglacial periods relative to the preindustrial CTRL simulation. Maximum dust deposition in Antarctica was simulated for the glacial period. One of the major factors responsible for the increase of dust deposition in the mid-Holocene and Eemian is enhanced Southern Hemisphere dust emissions. The moderate change of dust deposition in Antarctica in the last glacial inception period is caused by the slightly stronger poleward atmospheric transport efficiency compared to the pre-industrial. In the LGM simulation, dust deposition over Antarctica is substantially increased due to 2.6 times higher Southern Hemisphere dust emissions, 2 times stronger atmospheric transport towards Antarctica, and 30% weaker precipitation over the Southern Ocean. The model is able to reproduce the order of magnitude of dust deposition globally and in Antarctica for the pre-industrial and LGM climate. However more records are needed to validate simulated dust deposition for the past interglacial time-slices.

  13. Chinese Business Law Postgraduate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Einmahl, Uwe

    · Contracts for supply and use of electricity, water, gas or heating · Contracts for donation · Contracts for construction projects · Contracts for transportation · Contracts for technology · Contracts for storage · Financial law · Foreign exchange regulation · Government procurement law · Price fixing regulations Courses

  14. SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kostic, Milivoje M.

    SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS: STATUS AND CHALLENGES San Diego, California, USA 14 ­ 15 June 2011 The First Law of energy conservation was even known (Joule 1843) and long before Thermodynamic concepts were, including this one. The Laws of Thermodynamics have much wider, including philosophical significance

  15. Solar Physics and the Solar-Stellar Connection at Dome C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Denker; K. G. Strassmeier

    2007-12-10

    Solar magnetic fields evolve on many time-scales, e.g., the generation, migration, and dissipation of magnetic flux during the 22-year magnetic cycle of the Sun. Active regions develop and decay over periods of weeks. The build-up of magnetic shear in active regions can occur within less than a day. At the shortest time-scales, the magnetic field topology can change rapidly within a few minutes as the result of eruptive events such as flares, filament eruptions, and coronal mass ejections. The unique daytime seeing characteristics at Dome C, i.e., continuous periods of very good to excellent seeing during almost the entire Antarctic summer, allow us to address many of the top science cases related to the evolution of solar magnetic fields. We introduce the Advanced Solar Photometric Imager and Radiation Experiment and present the science cases for synoptic solar observations at Dome C. Furthermore, common science cases concerning the solar-stellar connection are discussed in the context of the proposed International Concordia Explorer Telescope.

  16. Potential radiological exposure rates resulting from hypothetical dome failure at Tank W-10

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-07-01

    The main plant area at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) contains 12 buried Gunite tanks that were used for the storage and transfer of liquid radioactive waste. Although the tanks are no longer in use, they are known to contain some residual contaminated sludges and liquids. In the event of an accidental tank dome failure, however unlikely, the liquids, sludges, and radioactive contaminants within the tank walls themselves could create radiation fields and result in above-background exposures to workers nearby. This Technical Memorandum documents a series of calculations to estimate potential radiological exposure rates and total exposures to workers in the event of a hypothetical collapse of a Gunite tank dome. Calculations were performed specifically for tank W-10 because it contains the largest radioactivity inventory (approximately half of the total activity) of all the Gunite tanks. These calculations focus only on external, direct gamma exposures for prescribed, hypothetical exposure scenarios and do not address other possible tank failure modes or routes of exposure. The calculations were performed with established, point-kernel gamma ray modeling codes.

  17. Antarctica X-band MiniSAR Crevasse Detection Radar : draft final report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sander, Grant J.; Bickel, Douglas Lloyd

    2010-08-01

    This document is the final report for the 2009 Antarctica Crevasse Detection Radar (CDR) Project. This portion of the project is referred to internally as Phase 2. This is a follow on to the work done in Phase 1 reported on in [1]. Phase 2 involved the modification of a Sandia National Laboratories MiniSAR system used in Phase 1 to work with an LC-130 aircraft that operated in Antarctica in October through November of 2009. Experiments from the 2006 flights were repeated, as well as a couple new flight tests to examine the effect of colder snow and ice on the radar signatures of 'deep field' sites. This document includes discussion of the hardware development, system capabilities, and results from data collections in Antarctica during the fall of 2009.

  18. The Law of Hazardous Waste: CERCLA, RCRA, & Common Law Claims

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Law 273.4 The Law of Hazardous Waste: CERCLA, RCRA, & Common Law Claims (Fall 2008) Units: 3 CCN (2, The Law of Hazardous Waste Disposal and Remediation (2d ed. 2005) Syllabus Class 1 ­ August 19 Claims on Federal Law: 1. Miller & Johnston The Law of Hazardous Waste Disposal and Remediation 2. Ch. III, Intro

  19. Water, law, science

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Narasimhan, T.N.

    2007-10-17

    In a world with water resources severely impacted bytechnology, science must actively contribute to water law. To this end,this paper is an earth scientist s attempt to comprehend essentialelements of water law, and to examine their connections to science.Science and law share a common logical framework of starting with apriori prescribed tenets, and drawing consistent inferences. In science,observationally established physical laws constitute the tenets, while inlaw, they stem from social values. The foundations of modern water law inEurope and the New World were formulated nearly two thousand years ago byRoman jurists who were inspired by Greek philosophy of reason.Recognizing that vital natural elements such as water, air, and the seawere governed by immutable natural laws, they reasoned that theseelements belonged to all humans, and therefore cannot be owned as privateproperty. Legally, such public property was to be governed by jusgentium, the law of all people or the law of all nations. In contrast,jus civile or civil law governed private property. Remarkably, jusgentium continues to be relevant in our contemporary society in whichscience plays a pivotal role in exploiting vital resources common to all.This paper examines the historical roots of modern water law, followstheir evolution through the centuries, and examines how the spirit ofscience inherent in jus gentium is profoundly influencing evolving waterand environmental laws in Europe, the United States and elsewhere. In atechnological world, scientific knowledge has to lie at the core of waterlaw. Yet, science cannot formulate law. It is hoped that a philosophicalunderstanding of the relationships between science and law willcontribute to their constructively coming together in the service ofsociety.

  20. EIS-0021: Strategic Petroleum Reserve, Seaway Group Salt Domes, Brazoria County, Texas (also see EIS-0075-S and EIS-0029)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Energy's Strategic Petroleum Reserve Office developed this statement to analyze the environmental impacts which would occur during site preparation and operation of oil storage facilities at each of five proposed candidate sites in the Seaway Group of salt domes.

  1. Zipf's law, power laws, and maximum entropy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Visser, Matt

    2012-01-01

    Zipf's law, and power laws in general, have attracted and continue to attract considerable attention in a wide variety of disciplines - from astronomy to demographics to economics to linguistics to zoology, and even warfare. A recent model of random group formation [RGF] attempts a general explanation of such phenomena based on Jaynes' notion of maximum entropy applied to a particular choice of cost function. In the present article I argue that the cost function used in the RGF model is in fact unnecessarily complicated, and that power laws can be obtained in a much simpler way by applying maximum entropy ideas directly to the Shannon entropy subject only to a single constraint: that the average of the logarithm of the observable quantity is specified.

  2. C-105 heel pit removed and C-105 dome cut paves way for new retrieval technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mackey, Thomas C.; Sutey, Michael J.

    2013-06-10

    For just the second time, crews have cut a hole in the top of an active radioactive waste storage tank at Hanford. Workers began cutting a 55-inch hole in the top of Tank C-105 last Tuesday night on graveyard shift, completing the cut early Wednesday. The hole will allow for installation of the Mobile Arm Retrieval System (MARS) Vacuum into the tank. The cut was made through 17 inches of concrete and rebar using the newly developed rotary-core cutting system, which uses a laser-guided steel canister with teeth on the bottom to drill a round hole into the tank dome. The project was completed safely and successfully in a high-rad area without contamination or significant dose to workers.

  3. Dome-like variation of the superconducting gap anisotropy in Fe-based superconductors

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Prozorov, Ruslan; Cho, Kyuil; Kim, Hyong June; Tanatar, Makariy

    2013-07-17

    Experiments performed on different iron-based superconductors suggest a variety of possible structures of the superconducting energy gap, both nodeless and nodal. To understand the pairing mechanisms, it is important to identify common features in the behavior of different materials. Measurements of the temperature - dependent London penetration depth provide important information on the structure of the superconducting gap. We show that despite significant differences between different iron - based superconductors, there is a universal trend: the gap is least anisotropic at the optimal doping and its anisotropy increases upon the departure towards underdoped and overdoped ends of the ''superconducting dome''.more »This trend is not related to the presence of the long-range magnetic order in the underdoped state.« less

  4. Geologic technical assessment of the Richton salt dome, Mississippi, for potential expansion of the U.S. strategic petroleum reserve.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Snider, Anna C.; Rautman, Christopher Arthur; Looff, Karl M. (Geologic Consultant)

    2006-01-01

    Technical assessment and remodeling of existing data indicates that the Richton salt dome, located in southeastern Mississippi, appears to be a suitable site for expansion of the U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve. The maximum area of salt is approximately 7 square miles, at a subsurface elevation of about -2000 ft, near the top of the salt stock. Approximately 5.8 square miles of this appears suitable for cavern development, because of restrictions imposed by modeled shallow salt overhang along several sides of the dome. The detailed geometry of the overhang currently is only poorly understood. However, the large areal extent of the Richton salt mass suggests that significant design flexibility exists for a 160-million-barrel storage facility consisting of 16 ten-million-barrel caverns. The dome itself is prominently elongated from northwest to southeast. The salt stock appears to consist of two major spine features, separated by a likely boundary shear zone trending from southwest to northeast. The dome decreases in areal extent with depth, because of salt flanks that appear to dip inward at 70-80 degrees. Caprock is present at depths as shallow as 274 ft, and the shallowest salt is documented at -425 ft. A large number of existing two-dimensional seismic profiles have been acquired crossing, and in the vicinity of, the Richton salt dome. At least selected seismic profiles should be acquired, examined, potentially reprocessed, and interpreted in an effort to understand the limitations imposed by the apparent salt overhang, should the Richton site be selected for actual expansion of the Reserve.

  5. Surface energy balance and melt thresholds over 11 years at Taylor Glacier, Antarctica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fountain, Andrew G.

    , Antarctica, melting of glacial ice is the primary source of water to streams, lakes, and associated, 1981; Gooseff et al., 2006]. Consequently, glacial melt is the critically important water source an understanding of glacial melt- water production. [3] Past runoff modeling for the MDV has included both

  6. Mid-Miocene cooling and the extinction of tundra in continental Antarctica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Alexander P.

    Mid-Miocene cooling and the extinction of tundra in continental Antarctica Adam R. Lewisa of a tundra community that inhabited the mountains before stepped cooling that first brought a full polar inferences from glaciological modeling together sug- gest that mean summer temperatures in the region cooled

  7. Dynamics of stickslip motion, Whillans Ice Stream, Antarctica J. Paul Winberry a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    an additional asperity in the northern part of the ice stream, producing another pulse of seismic energy 6Dynamics of stick­slip motion, Whillans Ice Stream, Antarctica J. Paul Winberry a, , Sridhar 6 April 2011 Editor: P. Shearer Keywords: glacial geophysics ice stream seismology The stick

  8. Observations of Earth space by self-powered stations in Antarctica S. B. Mende,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mende, Stephen B.

    Observations of Earth space by self-powered stations in Antarctica S. B. Mende,1 W. Rachelson,1 R is the generation of power and heat for a sizable ground station that can accommodate an optical imaging instrument-coil magnetometers, and ELF/VLF and LM/MF/HF receivers. Originally these stations were powered by propane fuelled

  9. Screening fungi isolated from historic Discovery Hut on Ross Island, Antarctica for cellulose degradation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blanchette, Robert A.

    Screening fungi isolated from historic Discovery Hut on Ross Island, Antarctica for cellulose isolated on selective media. Of these, 108 were screened for hydrolytic activity on carboxymethyl cellulose oxysporum and Geomyces sp. were shown to grow on a variety of synthetic cellulose substrates and to use

  10. Eocene circulation of the Southern Ocean: Was Antarctica kept warm by subtropical waters?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Döös, Kristofer

    climate model simulations. We find that the EAC did not penetrate to high latitudes and ocean heatEocene circulation of the Southern Ocean: Was Antarctica kept warm by subtropical waters? Matthew suddenly grew and ocean productivity patterns changed. Previous studies conjectured that poleward

  11. Accidents and opportunities: a history of the radio echo-sounding of Antarctica, 1958-79 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siegert, Martin; Turchetti, S.; Dean, K.; Naylor, S.

    2008-01-01

    This paper explores the history of radio echo-sounding (RES), a technique of glaciological surveying that from the late 1960s has been used to examine Antarctica's sub-glacial morphology. Although the origins of RES can be traced back to two...

  12. New and improved determinations of velocity of ice streams B and C, West Antarctica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whillans, I. M.; van der Veen, Cornelis J.

    1993-01-01

    Measurements of velocity have been made on and next to Ice Streams B and C, West Antarctica. The results are more precise than previous work and constitute a 93% increase in the number of values. These velocities are used to describe the confluence...

  13. ABUNDANCE OF A NOVEL DINOFLAGELLATE PHYLOTYPE IN THE ROSS SEA, ANTARCTICA1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caron, David

    communities of coastal Antarctica (Garrison et al. 1986). Diverse and abundant assem- blages of protists, Garrison and Gowing 1993, Palmi- sano and Garrison 1993, Dennett et al. 2001, Kang et al. 2001). Microalgae environments including sea-ice communities (chroococcoid cyanobacteria are very rare; Garrison et al. 1986

  14. College of Law LLM in Oil and Gas Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harman, Neal.A.

    College of Law LLM in Oil and Gas Law New LLM in Oil and Gas Law launched to complement our other internationally acclaimed LLM degrees NEW Holman Fenwick Willan is proud to sponsor the LLM Prize in Oil and Gas impressive range of courses on maritime and commercial law, the new LLM in Oil and Gas Law will allow

  15. The bipolar diatoms Thalassiosira antarctica Comber and Porosira glacialis (Grun) J2rg.: morphology and autecology of disjunct populations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Villareal, Tracy Alan

    1981-01-01

    antarctica Karsten Frenguellip 1960 Amh~ ~k'll '' . t' lt (G . )Cl. ~GA E *I d' Ot p Pd ' h d . El I G'' Thalassiosira heshing (Grun. ) Gran A~t*hl hk''Eh Triceratium arcticum Brightwell Rhizosolenia alata f, inermis (Castr. ) Rust. Hasle, 1976... Thalassiosira antarctica Comber P ' El ' I' (G . ) Jd E. If't* h' ~ uf' d d(G . ) E I 10 Expedition (Table 1). Neither author speculated on the origin of the disjunct populations. Hasle and Heimdal (1968) added Thalassiosira antarctica Comber to the list...

  16. Modelling of mineral dust for interglacial and glacial climate conditions with a focus on Antarctica

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Sudarchikova, Natalia; Mikolajewicz, Uwe; Timmreck, C.; O'Donnell, D.; Schurgers, G.; Sein, Dmitry; Zhang, Kai

    2015-05-19

    The mineral dust cycle responds to climate variations and plays an important role in the climate system by affecting the radiative balance of the atmosphere and modifying biogeochemistry. Polar ice cores provide unique information about deposition of aeolian dust particles transported over long distances. These cores are a palaeoclimate proxy archive of climate variability thousands of years ago. The current study is a first attempt to simulate past interglacial dust cycles with a global aerosol–climate model ECHAM5-HAM. The results are used to explain the dust deposition changes in Antarctica in terms of quantitative contribution of different processes, such as emission,more »atmospheric transport and precipitation, which will help to interpret palaeodata from Antarctic ice cores. The investigated periods include four interglacial time slices: the pre-industrial control (CTRL), mid-Holocene (6000 yr BP; hereafter referred to as \\"6 kyr\\"), last glacial inception (115 000 yr BP; hereafter \\"115 kyr\\") and Eemian (126 000 yr BP; hereafter \\"126 kyr\\"). One glacial time interval, the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) (21 000 yr BP; hereafter \\"21 kyr\\"), was simulated as well to be a reference test for the model. Results suggest an increase in mineral dust deposition globally, and in Antarctica, in the past interglacial periods relative to the pre-industrial CTRL simulation. Approximately two-thirds of the increase in the mid-Holocene and Eemian is attributed to enhanced Southern Hemisphere dust emissions. Slightly strengthened transport efficiency causes the remaining one-third of the increase in dust deposition. The moderate change in dust deposition in Antarctica in the last glacial inception period is caused by the slightly stronger poleward atmospheric transport efficiency compared to the pre-industrial. Maximum dust deposition in Antarctica was simulated for the glacial period. LGM dust deposition in Antarctica is substantially increased due to 2.6 times higher Southern Hemisphere dust emissions, 2 times stronger atmospheric transport towards Antarctica, and 30% weaker precipitation over the Southern Ocean. The model is able to reproduce the order of magnitude of dust deposition globally and in Antarctica for the pre-industrial and LGM climates.« less

  17. Ultra-low rare earth element content in accreted ice from sub-glacial Lake Vostok, Antarctica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howat, Ian M.

    Ultra-low rare earth element content in accreted ice from sub-glacial Lake Vostok, Antarctica Paolo. We suggest that such ultra-low concentrations are unlikely to be representative of the real REE

  18. EIS-0024: Strategic Petroleum Reserve, Capline Group Salt Domes, Iberia, Napoleonville, Weeks Island Expansion, Bayou Choctaw Expansion, Chacahoula- Iberia, Iberville, and Lafourche Parishes, Louisiana

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Strategic Petroleum Reserves developed this EIS to analyze the environmental impacts which would occur during site preparation and operation of oil storage facilities at each of five proposed candidate sites in the Capline Group of salt domes.

  19. Vegetation Patterns 25 Years after the Eruption In September 2004, Mount St. Helens commenced a renewed phase of dome-building activity that has

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    del Moral, Roger

    , steam and ash have been released in several events, and a second dome is forming between the existing prone to repeated flooding compared to vegetation described in 1992 (del Moral, et al. 1995). We sampled

  20. Analysis and testing of the HP-R-214 dome monitor cable from Three Mile Island Unit 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richards, E.H.; Dandini, V.J.

    1986-03-01

    After the accident at Three Mile Island, Unit 2, two sections of a cable connected to the HP-R-214 dome monitor were removed for testing. One section had been directly exposed to the accident environment: the other had been installed in conduit. In addition, an unused section of cable, which was from the same reel as the dome monitor cable, was available as a control sample. These three sections were subjected to material tests, including density profiling, tensile-strength and elongation tests, and chemical analyses, to assess the effect of the accident on the cable and to identify whether any differences existed between the in-conduit and out-of-conduit sections.

  1. Reviving Telecommunications Surveillance Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartz, Paul M.

    2008-01-01

    attorney general to report to Congress). File: 12 Schwartzin obtaining the official reports to Congress for 1999–2003Chicago Law Review reports to Congress on the FBI’s use of

  2. Teaching Prison Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dolovich, Sharon

    2012-01-01

    locked away. Making prison law a standard curricular4,299,000 living former prisoners. A total of 5,618,000 U.S.Dependence, State and Federal Prisoners 2004, at 6 (Bureau

  3. Matching Law Visualization Tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, Derek D.

    2015-05-15

    , the matching law remains an elusive principle to students of behavior analysis lacking requisite training in quantitative analyses. This simulation tool is intended to visually describe how manipulations of the parameters of the quantitative models modulate...

  4. Technetium Retention During LAW Vitrification

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    solubility in LAW glass is not limiting * Facilities vitrifying commercial HLW from reprocessing incorporate Tc in glass at much higher levels (>1000X WTP LAW) * Tc volatility...

  5. RIVERTON DOME GAS EXPLORATION AND STIMULATION TECHNOLOGY DEMONSTRATION, WIND RIVER BASIN, WYOMING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ronald C. Surdam; Zunsheng Jiao; Nicholas K. Boyd

    1999-11-01

    The new exploration technology for basin center gas accumulations developed by R.C. Surdam and Associates at the Institute for Energy Research, University of Wyoming, was applied to the Riverton Dome 3-D seismic area. Application of the technology resulted in the development of important new exploration leads in the Frontier, Muddy, and Nugget formations. The new leads are adjacent to a major north-south trending fault, which is downdip from the crest of the major structure in the area. In a blind test, the drilling results from six new Muddy test wells were accurately predicted. The initial production values, IP, for the six test wells ranged from < one mmcf/day to four mmcf/day. The three wells with the highest IP values (i.e., three to four mmcf/day) were drilled into an intense velocity anomaly (i.e., anomalously slow velocities). The well drilled at the end of the velocity anomaly had an IP value of one mmcf/day, and the two wells drilled outside of the velocity anomaly had IP values of < one mmcf/day and are presently shut in. Based on these test results, it is concluded that the new IER exploration strategy for detecting and delineating commercial, anomalously pressured gas accumulation is valid in the southwestern portions of the Wind River Basin, and can be utilized to significantly reduce exploration risk and to increase profitability of so-called basin center gas accumulations.

  6. Threat of a sinkhole: A reevaluation of Cavern 4, Bayou Choctaw salt dome, Louisiana

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neal, J.T.; Todd, J.L.; Linn, J.K. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Magorian, T.R. [Magorian (Thomas R.), Amherst, NY (United States)

    1993-09-01

    Cavern Lake at Bayou Choctaw salt dome resulted from the failure of Cavern 7 in 1954. Uncontrolled solutioning of this cavern through the thin caprock had set the stage for overburden to collapse into the cavern below. A similar situation developed with nearby Cavern 4, but with less dissolutioning of the caprock. Because pressure loss was already a problem and because another 800 ft diameter lake would have endangered surface operations, solutioning of Cavern 4 was stopped and the cavern abandoned in 1957 in order to protect the already-small site. In 1978 the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) acquired a number of caverns at Bayou Choctaw, including Cavern 4, and the possible repeat of the Cavern 7 failure and formation of another lake thus became an issue. The cavern dimensions were re-sonared in 1980 for comparison with 1963 and 1977 surveys. Annual surface leveling between 1982--1992 showed less subsidence occurring than the site average, and a cavern monitoring system, installed in 1984, has revealed no anomalous motion. Repeat sonar surveys in 1992 showed very little, if any, change occurred since 1980 although a small amount of uncertainty exists as a result of changing sonar techniques. We conclude that significant additional solutioning or erosion of the caprock has not occurred and that there is no increased threat to SPR operations.

  7. The Law of Hazardous Waste: CERCLA, RCRA, & Common Law Claims

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Law 273.4 The Law of Hazardous Waste: CERCLA, RCRA, & Common Law Claims (Fall 2006) Units: 3 CCN (2 of Hazardous Waste Disposal and Remediation (2d ed. 2005) Syllabus Class 1 ­ August 22 Claims Based on Common: 1. Miller & Johnston The Law of Hazardous Waste Disposal and Remediation 2. Ch. III, Intro to RCRA

  8. First Law of Thermodynamics First Law of Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winokur, Michael

    First Law of Thermodynamics First Law of Thermodynamics Eth =W +Q Thermal energy Eth : Microscopic. #12;First Law of Thermodynamics Work W done on a gas is (area under the pV curve) W = - pdV = Vi Vf - tools First Law of Thermodynamics An adiabatic process is one for which Q = 0. Fast process but still

  9. Say's Law and modern macroeconomics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Allen, Laurel Cameron

    2013-02-22

    Many economists have debated the interpretation of what is known as "Say's Law of markets"; it has been the subject of controversy for two centuries. Jean Baptiste Say describes Say's Law by noting that the "success of ...

  10. Philadelphia University Faculty of Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philadelphia University Faculty of Law )16/( Examination sheet Form No (16/C) :PART 1( : . . . , , . #12; Philadelphia University Faculty of Law )16/( Examination sheet Form No (16/C) :PART 1

  11. Philadelphia University Faculty of Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philadelphia University Faculty of Law )16/( Examination sheet Form No (16/C) :PART 1, , , , , , , ) ( . #12; Philadelphia University Faculty of Law )16/( Examination sheet Form No (16/C) :PART 1

  12. Philadelphia University Faculty of Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philadelphia University Faculty of Law Foreign Students Handbook 2005/2006 #12;The Faculty of Law Philadelphia University CONTENT Preface 2 Philadelphia University in a glimpse 3 Mission of Philadelphia The Moralistic standards of student of law 46 Epilogue 50 University calender 51 1 www.philadelphia.edu.jo - www.philadelphia

  13. Philadelphia University Faculty of law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philadelphia University Faculty of law Department of -------------- ---------- semester, 2007: Academic Staff Specifics E-mail Address Office Hours Office Number and Location RankName S.dayyat@philadelphia Courts and relevant lawsuits Guide for Faculty of Law Students Faculty of Law/ Philadelphia University

  14. Philadelphia University Faculty of Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philadelphia University Faculty of Law )17/( External Examiner Report Form No (17/A) :PART and relevant committees 2- . www. Philadelphia.edu.jo/asp.law 2- if the external on the following address. www. Philadelphia.edu.jo/asp.law 3- : G_sabbarini@philadelphia

  15. Philadelphia University Faculty of Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philadelphia University Faculty of Law )16/ Examination Paper Form No (16/C) :PART 1 : -A. - . - . - . - . - . : - . - . - . - . - . - . . #12; Philadelphia University Faculty of Law )16/ Examination Paper Form No (16/C) :PART 1 : -A. - . - . - . - . - . : - . - . - . - . - . - . . #12; Philadelphia University Faculty of Law )16/ Examination Paper Form No (16/C) :PART 1 -A

  16. Foldable dome climate measurements and thermal properties Guus Sliepena,b, Aswin P.L. Jagersa,b, Robert H. Hammerschlaga, and Felix C.M. Bettonvila,b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutten, Rob

    and the GREGOR telescope on Tenerife.6 In addition, we have measured the wind field around each dome. Although-shaped building. These differences result in large differences in temperature and humidity insulation when fluctuations at the sites of the domes. It was observed that on small time scales the temperature fluctuations

  17. The Possible Pollen Cone of the Late Triassic Conifer Heidiphyllum/Telemachus (Voltziales) From Antarctica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bomfleur, Benjamin; Serbet, Rudolph; Taylor, Edith L.; Taylor, Thomas N.

    2011-01-01

    with the permission of the publisher. The original published version can be found at the link below. Bomfleur, B., Serbet, R., Taylor, E., and Taylor, N. 2011. The Possible Pollen Cone of the Late Triassic Conifer Heidiphyllum/Telemachus (Voltziales) From... Formgattungen peltater ma¨nnlicher Koniferenblu¨ten. Senckenbergiana Lethaea, 60, 1–37. HERMSEN, E.J., TAYLOR, T.N. & TAYLOR, E.L. 2007. A voltzialean pollen cone from the Triassic of Antarctica. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 144, 113–122. KYLE, R...

  18. Impacts of Minnesota's Primary Seat Belt Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Impacts of Minnesota's Primary Seat Belt Law Frank Douma Center" Six Policies Strongly Supported By Research · Primary seat belt laws · SobrietyMcal Insights of Portland, Maine #12;Primary Seat Belt Laws "Allowing law

  19. Aspects of mechanical design for an infrared robotic telescope in Antarctica: IRAIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Igor Di VArano

    2006-09-22

    The purpose of this thesis is to focus attention on the mechanical aspects in designing an infrared telescope, IRAIT (International Robotic Antarctic Infrared Telescope), with aperture size of 80 cm, f#=21, entirely robotic and remote controlled, which must operate at Dome C, on Antarctic Plateau, starting on Summer 2007. Before illustrating in detail the choice criteria of different mechanical components, in order to satisfy stress requirements and structural verification, and the final design solutions we have adopted,firstly a few tissues must be considered. They mainly concern the preference for Dome C as probably the best observing site in the world, the scientific targets, instruments and tools necessary to reach such goals. The mechanical structure of telescope has been analyzed, and results retrieved by the static and dynamic analysis through a finite element software are illustrated. They concern the behavior of single parts, subassemblies and overall structure to active loads applied. It is shown that, as a matter of fact, thermal stress can be reckoned as the most influent of all static loads. A dynamic analysis of some critical subassemblies was used,in order to determine the frequency response of the system aiming at its best insulation from vibrations.

  20. Testing reanalysis datasets in Antarctica: Trends, persistence properties and trend significance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yang; Havlin, Shlomo

    2015-01-01

    The reanalysis datasets provide very important sources for investigating the climate dynamics and climate changes in Antarctica. In this paper, three major reanalysis data are compared with Antarctic station data over the last 35 years: the National Centers for Environmental Prediction and the National Center for Atmospheric Research reanalysis (NCEP1), NCEP-DOE Reanalysis 2 (NCEP2), and the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts Interim Re-Analysis (ERA-Interim). In our assessment, we compare the linear trends, the fluctuations around the trends, the persistence properties and the significance level of warming trends in the reanalysis data with the observational ones. We find that NCEP1 and NCEP2 show spurious warming trends in all parts of Antarctica except the Peninsula, while ERA-Interim is quite reliable except at Amundsen-Scott. To investigate the persistence of the data sets, we consider the lag-1 autocorrelation $C(1)$ and the Hurst exponent. While $C(1)$ varies quite erratically in differ...

  1. Term statistics Zipf's law text statistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Jianguo

    Term statistics Zipf's law text statistics October 20, 2014 text statistics 1 / 19 #12;Term statistics Zipf's law Overview 1 Term statistics 2 Zipf's law text statistics 2 / 19 #12;Term statistics Zipf's law Outline 1 Term statistics 2 Zipf's law text statistics 3 / 19 #12;Term statistics Zipf's law Model

  2. Crustal structure of the Gamburtsev Mountains, East Antarctica, from S-wave receiver functions and Rayleigh wave phase velocities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , USA c Dept. of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO 63130 tectonic features on Earth. Buried beneath several kilometers of ice, the mountains are characterized large-scale ice sheets that formed in Antarctica as the Earth's climate cooled ~34 Ma (Bo et al., 2009

  3. THE PRECIPITATION REGIME OF DRONNING MAUD LAND, ANTARCTICA, DERIVED FROM AMPS (ANTARCTIC MESOSCALE PREDICTION SYSTEM) ARCHIVE DATA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schlosser, Elisabeth

    THE PRECIPITATION REGIME OF DRONNING MAUD LAND, ANTARCTICA, DERIVED FROM AMPS (ANTARCTIC MESOSCALE. Manning2) 1) Institute of Meteorology and Geophysics, University of Innsbruck, Austria 2) Mesoscale the temporal and spatial distribution of precipitation in DML using AMPS (Antarctic Mesoscale Prediction System

  4. The Earth Institute, Columbia University8 annual donor report 2010 9 the ice sheets of antarctica are not

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Earth Institute, Columbia University8 annual donor report 2010 9 the ice sheets of antarctica research scientist at the Lamont- Doherty Earth Observatory. In order to model the fate of polar ice sheets cheaply. Secrets Beneath the Ice Experts at the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, including senior

  5. Textures, water content and degassing of silicic andesites from recent plinian and dome-forming eruptions at Mount Pele volcano (Martinique,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Textures, water content and degassing of silicic andesites from recent plinian and dome contents (glass inclusions in phenocrysts and matrix glasses) and microtextures. Water contents of glass-eruptive melt water content (i.e., 5.3­ 6.3 wt.%), whereas they are much lower in the dominant pelean

  6. Transport Processes in a Salt-Dome Environment We consider coupled subsurface flow and transport within a vertical cross section of a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kornhuber, Ralf

    Transport Processes in a Salt-Dome Environment ­ B ­ We consider coupled subsurface flow). (1) How is the conductive temperature distribution affected by the thermal conductivity of the salt in the simulation? In particular, compare the flow direction along the salt flanks. #12;Model domain No vertical

  7. ISET Journal of Earthquake Technology, Paper No. 462, Vol. 42, No. 4, December 2005, pp. 147-158 A HUGE SAND DOME FORMED BY THE 1854 EARTHQUAKE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Vinay Kumar

    ISET Journal of Earthquake Technology, Paper No. 462, Vol. 42, No. 4, December 2005, pp. 147-158 A HUGE SAND DOME FORMED BY THE 1854 EARTHQUAKE TSUNAMI IN SURUGA BAY, CENTRAL JAPAN Daisuke Sugawara University, Chiyoda-ku 102-8251, Japan ABSTRACT The 1854 Ansei-Tokai earthquake brought massive destruction

  8. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 28, NO. 22, PAGES 4243-4246, NOVEMBER 15, 2001 A tentative chronology for the EPICA Dome Concordia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwander, Jakob

    chronology for the EPICA Dome Concordia ice core Jakob Schwander,1 Jean Jouzel,2 Claus U. Hammer,3 Jean-Robert Petit,4 Roberto Udisti,5 Eric Wolff,6 Abstract. A tentative age scale (EDC1) for the last 45 kyr by analyzing samples of the core. There exist numerous methods for dat- ing ice cores [Hammer et al., 1978

  9. Where can I go to report an incident of sexual assault, da6ng violence, domes6c violence, sexual harassment, or stalking?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snider, Barry B.

    Where can I go to report an incident of sexual assault, da6ng violence confiden3al repor3ng and private but not confiden3al? When you disclose an incident involving sexual assault, da6ng violence, domes6c violence, sexual harassment

  10. Geologic technical assessment of the Stratton Ridge salt dome, Texas, for potential expansion of the U.S. strategic petroleum reserve.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rautman, Christopher Arthur; Snider, Anna C.; Looff, Karl M. (Geologic Consultant, Lovelady, TX)

    2006-11-01

    The Stratton Ridge salt dome is a large salt diapir located only some ten miles from the currently active Strategic Petroleum Reserve Site at Bryan Mound, Texas. The dome is approximately 15 miles south-southwest of Houston. The Stratton Ridge salt dome has been intensively developed, in the desirable central portions, with caverns for both brine production and product storage. This geologic technical assessment indicates that the Stratton Ridge salt dome may be considered a viable, if less-than-desirable, candidate site for potential expansion of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). Past development of underground caverns significantly limits the potential options for use by the SPR. The current conceptual design layout of proposed caverns for such an expansion facility is based upon a decades-old model of salt geometry, and it is unacceptable, according to this reinterpretation of salt dome geology. The easternmost set of conceptual caverns are located within a 300-ft buffer zone of a very major boundary shear zone, fault, or other structural feature of indeterminate origin. This structure transects the salt stock and subdivides it into an shallow western part and a deeper eastern part. In places, the distance from this structural boundary to the design-basis caverns is as little as 150 ft. A 300-ft distance from this boundary is likely to be the minimum acceptable stand-off, from both a geologic and a regulatory perspective. Repositioning of the proposed cavern field is possible, as sufficient currently undeveloped salt acreage appears to be available. However, such reconfiguration would be subject to limitations related to land-parcel boundaries and other existing infrastructure and topographic constraints. More broadly speaking, the past history of cavern operations at the Stratton Ridge salt dome indicates that operation of potential SPR expansion caverns at this site may be difficult, and correspondingly expensive. Although detailed information is difficult to come by, widely accepted industry rumors are that numerous existing caverns have experienced major operational problems, including salt falls, sheared casings, and unintended releases of stored product(s). Many of these difficulties may be related to on-going differential movement of individual salt spines or to lateral movement at the caprock-salt interface. The history of operational problems, only some of which appear to be a matter of public record, combined with the potential for encountering escaped product from other operations, renders the Stratton Ridge salt dome a less-than-desirable site for SPR purposes.

  11. Philadelphia University Faculty of Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Philadelphia University Faculty of Law PROGRAM HANDBOOK 2004-2005 Philadelphia University Mission Map #12;2 Philadelphia University Mission: Philadelphia University has been established to actively

  12. Philadelphia University Faculty of law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philadelphia University Faculty of law Department of -------------- ---------- semester, 2007Name idabbah@philadelphia.edu.jo310 Assistant professor Issa Dabbah Course module description: 5- ( 420151

  13. Philadelphia University Faculty of law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philadelphia University Faculty of law Department of -------------- ---------- semester, 2007: Academic Staff Specifics E-mail Address Office Hours Office Number and LocationRankName idabbah@philadelphia

  14. The Second LawThe Second Law of Energy Degradationof Energy Degradation CarnotCarnot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kostic, Milivoje M.

    The Second LawThe Second Law of Energy Degradationof Energy Degradation CarnotCarnot 18241824 Heatndnd Law Thermo SymposiumLaw Thermo Symposium Univ. of San Diego, June 14Univ. of San Diego, June 14 ··First time on a 2First time on a 2ndnd Law SymposiumLaw Symposium ··The 2The 2ndnd Law is my obsession

  15. Research Report faculty of law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tobar, Michael

    Research student profile | 07 Crime Research Centre | 09 The Centre for Mining, Energy and Natural as contribute to inter-disciplinary projects and debates. The outputs of the Law School's research include entities: the Centre for Mining, Energy and Natural Resources Law, the Consumer Research Unit and the Crime

  16. Water Law in Kansas History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peck, John C.

    1992-01-01

    stream_size 7 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name John C. Peck, Water Law in Kansas History, 61 J. Kan. Bar Assoc. 39 (1992).pdf.txt stream_source_info John C. Peck, Water Law in Kansas History, 61 J. Kan. Bar Assoc. 39 (1992...

  17. 40th Indian Law Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Federal Bar Association is hosting the 40th Annual Indian Law Conference. This two-day conference focuses on the significant changes that have occurred in the relationship between Tribal Nations and the United States in the last four decades. The conference will cover several topics, including climate change, Indian Law, tribal courts, and more.

  18. Philadelphia University Faculty of Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Philadelphia University Faculty of Law 2004-2005 1. Awarding Institution /Body Philadelphia University 2. Teaching Institution Philadelphia University 3. University Department/Center Faculty of Law 4 Hours System 8. Date of production/revision of this form August 2005 #12;2 Philadelphia University

  19. POSTGRADUATE GUIDE SCHOOL OF LAW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neri, Peter

    POSTGRADUATE GUIDE SCHOOL OF LAW www.abdn.ac.uk/law #12;Set in the heart of Europe's Energy Capital. As Europe's Energy Capital, Aberdeen is a prosperous, attractive and safe city. A commercial centre, the University of Aberdeen is the fifth oldest university in the UK, and combines ancient tradition with the best

  20. Philadelphia University Faculty of law-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    sources of knowledge to benefit from information 5. enable students to become team players and respond for companies in civil law, and then moves to corporate law to study the sources and characteristics conciliation and its formal and objective terms, and its legal provisions are included in the study Course

  1. SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY & LAW PROGRAM SCIENCE, ENGINEERING, AND LAW MINOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zallen, Richard

    3 PSCI 3344 Global Environmental Issues AR07 3 UAP 3344 Global Environmental Issues AR07 3 UAP 4344 Law Government & Politics AR03 3 PSCI 1024 Comparative Government

  2. ALBERTA LAW REFORM INSTITUTE EDMONTON, ALBERTA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacMillan, Andrew

    ALBERTA LAW REFORM INSTITUTE EDMONTON, ALBERTA CONTRACTS FOR THE SALE AND PURCHASE OF LAND;#12;Table of Contents ALBERTA LAW REFORM INSTITUTE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 CHAPTER 2. COMPARISON OF THE PRESENT AND PREVIOUS LAW OF ALBERTA

  3. EIS-0075: Strategic Petroleum Reserve Phase III Development, Texoma and Seaway Group Salt Domes (West Hackberry and Bryan Mound Expansion, Big Hill Development) Cameron Parish, Louisiana, and Brazoria and Jefferson Counties, Texas

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Also see EIS-0021 and EIS-0029. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) Office developed this EIS to assess the environmental impacts of expanding the existing SPR storage capacity from 538 million to 750 million barrels of storage and increasing the drawdown capability from 3.5 million to 4.5 million barrels per day. This EIS incorperates two previously issued EISs: DOE/EIS-0021, Seaway Group of Salt Domes, and DOE/EIS-0029, Texoma Group of Salt Domes.

  4. Electric Vehicle Performance at McMurdo Station (Antarctica) and Comparison with McMurdo Station Conventional Vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sears, T.; Lammert, M.; Colby, K.; Walter, R.

    2014-09-01

    This report examines the performance of two electric vehicles (EVs) at McMurdo, Antarctica (McMurdo). The study examined the performance of two e-ride Industries EVs initially delivered to McMurdo on February 16, 2011, and compared their performance and fuel use with that of conventional vehicles that have a duty cycle similar to that of the EVs used at McMurdo.

  5. Wind Access and Permitting Law

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The law also defines a limited set of reasonable restrictions that governments and associations are permitted to use in regulating residential wind energy systems. Any limitations put in place may...

  6. Law School Event Composting Guide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    Law School Event Composting Guide HLS SUSTAINABILITY PROGRAM JANUARY 2011 Thank you for your interest in event composting! Separating materials for composting is easy, and organic materials comprise a significant portion of event waste. Composting instead

  7. Louisiana Air Control Law (Louisiana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This law states regulations for air quality control and states the powers and duties of the secretary of environmental quality. It provides information about permits and licenses, air quality...

  8. Philadelphia University Faculty of law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philadelphia University Faculty of law Department of -------------- ---------- semester, 2007Lecture Time: Academic Staff Specifics E-mail Address Office Hours Office Number and Location RankName b-tarawneh@philadelphia

  9. Solar Easements & Rights Laws | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Access Policy Summary Maryland has a long-standing law protecting the rights of solar energy system owners. The original law prohibited restrictive land use covenants that...

  10. Securities Law Issues Relating to Community Solar Projects

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The law firm Stoel Rives has analyzed the issues related to Securities Law and Community Solar both in the context of Washington state law and federal law.

  11. LLNL-Generated Content for the California Academy of Sciences, Morrison Planetarium Full-Dome Show: Earthquake

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodgers, A J; Petersson, N A; Morency, C E; Simmons, N A; Sjogreen, B

    2012-01-23

    The California Academy of Sciences (CAS) Morrison Planetarium is producing a 'full-dome' planetarium show on earthquakes and asked LLNL to produce content for the show. Specifically the show features numerical ground motion simulations of the M 7.9 1906 San Francisco and a possible future M 7.05 Hayward fault scenario earthquake. The show also features concepts of plate tectonics and mantle convection using images from LLNL's G3D global seismic tomography. This document describes the data that was provided to the CAS in support of production of the 'Earthquake' show. The CAS is located in Golden Gate Park, San Francisco and hosts over 1.6 million visitors. The Morrison Planetarium, within the CAS, is the largest all digital planetarium in the world. It features a 75-foot diameter spherical section projection screen tilted at a 30-degree angle. Six projectors cover the entire field of view and give a three-dimensional immersive experience. CAS shows strive to use scientifically accurate digital data in their productions. The show, entitled simply 'Earthquake', will debut on 26 May 2012. They are working on graphics and animations based on the same data sets for display on LLNL powerwalls and flat-screens as well as for public release.

  12. School of Law Web Policy Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almor, Amit

    School of Law Web Policy Introduction The University of South Carolina School of Law website of Law web resources. It also protects students, faculty and staff from inappropriate use of School of Law web resources. Also, students, faculty, and staff that create, design, update, and publish

  13. Mineral industries of Australia, Canada, and Oceania (including a discussion of Antarctica's mineral resources). Mineral perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kimbell, C.L.; Lyday, T.Q.; Newman, H.H.

    1985-12-01

    The Bureau of Mines report gives the mineral industry highlights of two of the world's major mineral producing countries, Australia and Canada, and seven Pacific island nations or territories--Fiji, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Republic of Nauru, Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu. The mineral resources of Antarctica are also discussed. Because of the size of the Australian and Canadian mineral industries, summary reviews are presented for each of the States, Provinces, or Territories. The most current information available from all nations is given on major minerals or mineral-commodity production, share of world production, and reserves. Reported also are significant mining companies, locations and capacities of their main facilities, and their share of domestic production. Other information is provided on mineral-related trade with the United States, government mineral policy, energy production-consumption and trade, the mining industry labor force, and prospects for the mineral industry. Maps show the locations of selected mineral deposits, oilfields and gasfields, mines, and processing facilities including iron and steel plants, nonferrous smelters and refineries, and cement plants, as well as infrastructure pertinent to the mineral industry.

  14. New Hampshire Timber Harvesting Laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    Guide to New Hampshire Timber Harvesting Laws #12;ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This publication is an updated Hampshire Cooperative Extension 131 Main Street, Nesmith Hall Durham, New Hampshire 03824 http Hampshire Timberland Owners Association 54 Portsmouth Street Concord, New Hampshire 03301 www.nhtoa.org UNH

  15. Fourier's Law from Closure Equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jean Bricmont; Antti Kupiainen

    2006-09-01

    We give a rigorous derivation of Fourier's law from a system of closure equations for a nonequilibrium stationary state of a Hamiltonian system of coupled oscillators subjected to heat baths on the boundary. The local heat flux is proportional to the temperature gradient with a temperature dependent heat conductivity and the stationary temperature exhibits a nonlinear profile.

  16. PHILADELPHIA UNIVERSITY Faculty of Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PHILADELPHIA UNIVERSITY Faculty of Law QUALITY MANAGEMENT HANDBOOK #12;Philadelphia institution, Philadelphia University commits itself into being a full partner in the development of the Decapolies on the Kings Road, with deep routes in history, being the link of old civilizations, Philadelphia

  17. Second laws under control restrictions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Wilming; R. Gallego; J. Eisert

    2015-07-28

    The second law of thermodynamics, formulated as an ultimate bound on the maximum extractable work, has been rigorously derived in multiple scenarios. However, the unavoidable limitations that emerge due to the lack of control on small systems are often disregarded when deriving such bounds, which is specifically important in the context of quantum thermodynamics. Here, we study the maximum extractable work with limited control over the working system and its interaction with the heat bath. We derive a general second law when the set of accessible Hamiltonians of the working-system is arbitrarily restricted. We then apply our bound to particular scenarios that are important in realistic implementations: limitations on the maximum energy gap and local control over many-body systems. We hence demonstrate in what precise way the lack of control affects the second law. In particular, contrary to the unrestricted case, we show that the optimal work extraction is not achieved by simple thermal contacts. Our results do not only generalize the second law to scenarios of practical relevance, but also take first steps in the direction of local thermodynamics.

  18. The bipolar diatoms Thalassiosira antarctica Comber and Porosira glacialis: comparative ultrastructure and physiology of vegetative and resting stages of disjunct populations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doucette, Gregory John

    1982-01-01

    DISCUSSION 116 T. antarctica P, g1 1 ~ 1 1 Note on Diatom Taxonomy R ti g SP 1 ti 1 t ~tti Comparative Physiology of T. antarctica Vegetative and Resting Stages 116 142 154 157 163 SUMMARY 182 LITERATURE CITED 185 VITA 207 LIST OF TABLES Table... in method of reproduction, along with other arguments in support of a link between the centric and pennate diatoms (Hasle, 1973; Ross E Sims, 1973), have lead to a questioning of the validity of this division. Simonsen (1979), although acknowledging...

  19. Module No: 420161Administrative Law 1Module Title: Co-requisite: Administrative Law 2Introduction to LawPre-requisite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Module No: 420161Administrative Law 1Module Title: Co-requisite: Administrative Law 2Introduction to LawPre-requisite: Module Type: department requirementModule level: First Year Evening Study-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Instructor Name E-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Module

  20. Family Law and the Genomic Revolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torrance, Andrew W.

    2010-01-01

    , personalized genomics, and gene therapy, coupled with the flux in the law of gene patents (and patents on related inventions), will ensure the substantial transformation of the legal milieu in which parents make reproductive choices. Family law...

  1. Handbook for Incoming Law Exchange Students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gasch, Audrey P.

    Handbook for Incoming Law Exchange Students Prepared by Global Legal Studies Center UW Law School Directors .......................................................................... 5 Selecting courses in conjunction with other material sent to you by the International Academic Programs (IAP) which coordinates

  2. An Economics-Based Second Law Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mistry, Karan Hemant

    Second Law efficiency is a useful parameter for characterizing the energy requirements of a system in relation to the limits of performance prescribed by the Laws of Thermodynamics. However, since energy costs typically ...

  3. Power Law in Hadron Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gazdzicki, M; Gazdzicki, Marek; Gorenstein, Mark I.

    2001-01-01

    In high energy p+p interactions the mean multiplicity of neutral mesons (from eta to Upsilon) and the transverse mass spectra of pions (m_T= 1 - 15 GeV/c^2) reveal a remarkable universal behaviour: they follow, over 10 orders of magnitude, the same power law function: C m_(T)^(-P). This scaling is rather similar to that expected in the statistical description of hadron production: the parameter P plays the role of a temperature and the normalisation constant C is analogous to the system volume. The fundamental difference is, however, in the form of the distribution function. In order to reproduce the experimental results and preserve the basic structure of the statistical approach the Boltzmann factor e^(-E^*/T) appearing in standard statistical mechanics has to be substituted by a power law factor (E^*/\\Lambda)^(-P).

  4. Is the statement of Murphy's Law valid?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chatterjee, Atanu

    2015-01-01

    Murphy's Law is $not$ a law in the formal sense yet popular science often compares it with the Second Law of Thermodynamics as both the statements point toward a more disorganized state with time. In this paper, we first construct a mathematically equivalent statement for Murphy's Law and then disprove it using the intuitive idea that energy differences will level off along the paths of steepest descent, or along trajectories of least action.

  5. Harvard Law School Recording License Agreement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrag, Daniel

    Harvard Law School Recording License Agreement This is the paper version of the Harvard Law School Recording License Agreement. With it, individuals who give presentations or are recorded on campus (at: Harvard Law School Recording License Agreement The Author named above authorizes

  6. Extending Amdahl's Law for Energy-Efficient

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hsien-Hsin "Sean"

    Extending Amdahl's Law for Energy-Efficient Computing in the Many-Core Era Dong Hyuk Woo and Hsien, as an architectural solution sustaining Moore's law.1 With dual-core and quad-core processors on the market and oct,3 In 1967, Gene Amdahl proposed an often overlooked law of scal- ing: A program's sequential computation

  7. LLM Oil, Gas and Mining Law Module Information: Oil, Gas & Mining Environmental Law I and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Paul

    LLM Oil, Gas and Mining Law Module Information: Oil, Gas & Mining Environmental Law I and Oil, Gas of the area of Oil, Gas &, Mining Environmental Law; 2. communicate complex legal concepts that apply within the area of Oil, Gas & Mining & Environmental Law to a high level of competence; and 3. deploy a highly

  8. Profit Neutrality in Licensing: The Boundary Between Antitrust Law and Patent Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    Profit Neutrality in Licensing: The Boundary Between Antitrust Law and Patent Law Stephen M. Maurer a century, courts and commentators have struggled to find principles that reconcile patent and antitrust law, especially as to patent licensing. We interpret case law and commentary to arrive at three unifying

  9. L1 Stability for scalar balance laws. L1 Stability for scalar balance laws.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mercier, Magali

    L1 Stability for scalar balance laws. L1 Stability for scalar balance laws. Control 2010 Magali Mercier (Institut Camille Jordan, Lyon) L1 Stability for scalar balance laws. Parma, 15th February 2010 1 / 30 #12;L1 Stability for scalar balance laws. Introduction. Introduction Scalar balance

  10. Climate Change Laws of the World Project Columbia Center for Climate Change Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smerdon, Jason E.

    Climate Change Laws of the World Project Columbia Center for Climate Change Law Monica Molina, Columbia College '14 Supervisor Meredith Wilensky, J.D. Introduction The Climate Change Laws of the World Project is an ongoing effort at the Center for Climate Change Law (CCCL) to aggregate existing domestic

  11. Baseline LAW Glass Formulation Testing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kruger, Albert A. [USDOE Office of River Protection, Richland, WA (United States); Mooers, Cavin [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab.; Bazemore, Gina [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Pegg, Ian L. [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Hight, Kenneth [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Lai, Shan Tao [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Buechele, Andrew [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Rielley, Elizabeth [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Gan, Hao [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Muller, Isabelle S. [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Cecil, Richard [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab

    2013-06-13

    The major objective of the baseline glass formulation work was to develop and select glass formulations that are compliant with contractual and processing requirements for each of the LAW waste streams. Other objectives of the work included preparation and characterization of glasses with respect to the properties of interest, optimization of sulfate loading in the glasses, evaluation of ability to achieve waste loading limits, testing to demonstrate compatibility of glass melts with melter materials of construction, development of glass formulations to support ILAW qualification activities, and identification of glass formulation issues with respect to contract specifications and processing requirements.

  12. 2012 school of law catalog 2013 This publication is for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ........................................................................................ 8 Wheat Law Library ................................................................................................................... 8 Library Faculty Members Classification .......................................

  13. Power Law in Hadron Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marek Gazdzicki; Mark I. Gorenstein

    2001-08-14

    In high energy p+p(bar) interactions the mean multiplicity and transverse mass spectra of neutral mesons from eta to Upsilon (m = 0.5 - 10 GeV/c^2) and the transverse mass spectra of pions (m_T > 1 GeV/c^2) reveal a remarkable behaviour: they follow, over more than 10 orders of magnitude, the power-law function:The parameters C and P are energy dependent, but similar for all mesons produced at the same collision energy. This scaling resembles that expected in the statistical description of hadron production: the parameter P plays the role of a temperature and the normalisation constant C is analogous to the system volume. The fundamental difference is, however, in the form of the distribution function. In order to reproduce the experimental results and preserve the basic structure of the statistical approach the Boltzmann factor e^(-E/T) appearing in standard statistical mechanics has to be substituted by a power-law factor (E/Lambda)^(-P).

  14. Class 1 Permit Modification Notification Addition of Structures within Technical Area 54, Area G, Pad 11, Dome 375 Los Alamos National Laboratory Hazardous Waste Facility Permit, July 2012

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vigil-Holterman, Luciana R.; Lechel, Robert A.

    2012-08-31

    The purpose of this letter is to notify the New Mexico Environment Department-Hazardous Waste Bureau (NMED-HWB) of a Class 1 Permit Modification to the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) Hazardous Waste Facility Permit issued to the Department of Energy (DOE) and Los Alamos National Security, LLC (LANS) in November 2010. The modification adds structures to the container storage unit at Technical Area (TA) 54 Area G, Pad 11. Permit Section 3.1(3) requires that changes to the location of a structure that does not manage hazardous waste shall be changed within the Permit as a Class 1 modification without prior approval in accordance with Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40 (40 CFR), {section}270.42(a)(1). Structures have been added within Dome 375 located at TA-54, Area G, Pad 11 that will be used in support of waste management operations within Dome 375 and the modular panel containment structure located within Dome 375, but will not be used as waste management structures. The Class 1 Permit Modification revises Figure 36 in Attachment N, Figures; and Figure G.12-1 in Attachment G.12, Technical Area 54, Area G, Pad 11 Outdoor Container Storage Unit Closure Plan. Descriptions of the structures have also been added to Section A.4.2.9 in Attachment A, TA - Unit Descriptions; and Section 2.0 in Attachment G.12, Technical Area 54, Area G, Pad 11 Outdoor Container Storage Unit Closure Plan. Full description of the permit modification and the necessary changes are included in Enclosure 1. The modification has been prepared in accordance with 40 CFR {section}270.42(a)(l). This package includes this letter and an enclosure containing a description of the permit modification, text edits of the Permit sections, and the revised figures (collectively LA-UR-12-22808). Accordingly, a signed certification page is also enclosed. Three hard copies and one electronic copy of this submittal will be delivered to the NMED-HWB.

  15. SDI: Solar Dome Instrument for Solar Irradiance Monitoring Tao Liu1, Ankur U. Kamthe1, Varick L. Erickson1, Carlos F. M. Coimbra2 and Alberto E. Cerpa1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerpa, Alberto E.

    SDI: Solar Dome Instrument for Solar Irradiance Monitoring Tao Liu1, Ankur U. Kamthe1, Varick L data for ground solar irradiance (direct normal and global irradiance) is a major obstacle for the de- velopment of adequate policies to promote and take advan- tage of existing solar technologies. Although

  16. Quality assurance project plan for the preliminary site investigation for McMurdo Station, Ross Island, Antarctica

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prasad, S.S.

    1991-05-01

    The quality assurance project plan (QAPjP) is designed to ensure that sampling and analysis activities are scoped and performed to obtain quality data during the preliminary site investigation for McMurdo Station, Ross Island, Antarctica. The QAPjP is prepared in accordance with the guidelines set forth and adopted by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) (1980a, 1986a, 1989a), Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) (1988), and Pentecost and Doctor (1990). This document presents the final QAPjP for the preliminary site investigation. A drat version of this report was presented to the National Science Foundation (NSF) in January 1991. A description of the project and data quality objectives is provided in Section 3.1 of the work plan. Specific health and safety precautions and procedures are presented in the health and safety plan. 17 refs., 2 figs., 11 tabs.

  17. The second laws of quantum thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernando G. S. L. Brandao; Micha? Horodecki; Nelly Huei Ying Ng; Jonathan Oppenheim; Stephanie Wehner

    2014-09-25

    The second law of thermodynamics tells us which state transformations are so statistically unlikely that they are effectively forbidden. Its original formulation, due to Clausius, states that "Heat can never pass from a colder to a warmer body without some other change, connected therewith, occurring at the same time". The second law applies to systems composed of many particles interacting; however, we are seeing that one can make sense of thermodynamics in the regime where we only have a small number of particles interacting with a heat bath. Is there a second law of thermodynamics in this regime? Here, we find that for processes which are cyclic or very close to cyclic, the second law for microscopic systems takes on a very di?erent form than it does at the macroscopic scale, imposing not just one constraint on what state transformations are possible, but an entire family of constraints. In particular, we find a family of free energies which generalise the traditional one, and show that they can never increase. We further find that there are three regimes which determine which family of second laws govern state transitions, depending on how cyclic the process is. In one regime one can cause an apparent violation of the usual second law, through a process of embezzling work from a large system which remains arbitrarily close to its original state. These second laws are not only relevant for small systems, but also apply to individual macroscopic systems interacting via long-range interactions, which only satisfy the ordinary second law on average. By making precise the definition of thermal operations, the laws of thermodynamics take on a simple form with the first law defining the class of thermal operations, the zeroeth law emerging as a unique condition ensuring the theory is nontrivial, and the remaining laws being a monotonicity property of our generalised free energies.

  18. Quasi-power law ensembles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilk, Grzegorz

    2015-01-01

    Quasi-power law ensembles are discussed from the perspective of nonextensive Tsallis distributions characterized by a nonextensive parameter $q$. A number of possible sources of such distributions are presented in more detail. It is further demonstrated that data suggest that nonextensive parameters deduced from Tsallis distributions functions $f\\left(p_T\\right)$, $q_1$, and from multiplicity distributions (connected with Tsallis entropy), $q_2$, are not identical and that they are connected via $q_1 + q_2 = 2$. It is also shown that Tsallis distributions can be obtained directly from Shannon information entropy, provided some special constraints are imposed. They are connected with the type of dynamical processes under consideration (additive or multiplicative). Finally, it is shown how a Tsallis distribution can accommodate the log-oscillating behavior apparently seen in some multiparticle data.

  19. Quasi-power law ensembles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grzegorz Wilk; Zbigniew W?odarczyk

    2014-12-12

    Quasi-power law ensembles are discussed from the perspective of nonextensive Tsallis distributions characterized by a nonextensive parameter $q$. A number of possible sources of such distributions are presented in more detail. It is further demonstrated that data suggest that nonextensive parameters deduced from Tsallis distributions functions $f\\left(p_T\\right)$, $q_1$, and from multiplicity distributions (connected with Tsallis entropy), $q_2$, are not identical and that they are connected via $q_1 + q_2 = 2$. It is also shown that Tsallis distributions can be obtained directly from Shannon information entropy, provided some special constraints are imposed. They are connected with the type of dynamical processes under consideration (additive or multiplicative). Finally, it is shown how a Tsallis distribution can accommodate the log-oscillating behavior apparently seen in some multiparticle data.

  20. Regional seismic reflection line, southern Illinois Basin, provides new data on Cambrian rift geometry, Hicks Dome genesis, and the Fluorspar Area Fault Complex

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Potter, C.J.; Goldhaber, M.B.; Taylor, C.D. (U.S. Geological Survey, Denver, CO (United States)); Heigold, P.C. (Illinois State Geological Survey, Champaign, IL (United States))

    1992-01-01

    Detailed studies of the subsurface structure of the Cambrian Reelfoot rift (RFR) in the Midwestern US provide important insights into continental rifting processes and into the structural fabric of a zone of modern intracratonic seismicity (New Madrid zone). High-quality oil industry seismic reflection data show that in the area of transition between the RFR and the Rough Creek Graben (RCG) the geometry of the Cambrian rift system is that of a half-graben that thickens to the southeast. This contrasts with the northward-thickening half-graben observed to the east in the RCG and with the more symmetric graben to the south in the RFR. An 82.8-km segment of a northwest-southeast seismic reflection profile in southeastern Illinois and western Kentucky shows that near Hicks Dome, Illinois, Middle and Lower Cambrian syn-rift sedimentary rocks occupy about 0.35 s (two-way travel time) on the seismic reflection section (corresponding to a thickness of about 970 m). This stratigraphic interval occupies about 0.45 s (1,250 m) near the Ohio river and is thickest against the Tabb Fault System (TFS) in Kentucky, where it occupies 0.7 s (1,940 m). The seismic data show that in this part of the Cambrian rift the master fault was part of the TFS and that normal displacement on the TFS continued through middle Paleozoic time. The seismic data also provide new information on the late Paleozoic development of Hicks-Dome and the surrounding Fluorspar Area Fault Complex (FAFC) in southeastern Illinois and western Kentucky. A series of grabens and horsts in the FAFC document a late Paleozoic reactivation of the RFR. Comparison of the reflection data with surface mineralization patterns shows that in most cases mineralized graben-bounding faults clearly cut basement or are splays from faults that cut basement.

  1. Fourier's Law for a Granular Fluid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James W. Dufty

    2007-07-07

    Newton' viscosity law for the momentum flux and Fourier's law for the heat flux define Navier-Stokes hydrodynamics for a simple, one component fluid. There is ample evidence that a hydrodynamic description applies as well to a mesoscopic granular fluid with the same form for Newton's viscosity law. However, theory predicts a qualitative difference for Fourier's law with an additional contribution from density gradients even at uniform temperature. The reasons for the absence of such terms for normal fluids are indicated, and a related microscopic explanation for their existence in granular fluids is presented.

  2. Commercial Law and Development in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mutunga, Willy

    1982-01-01

    communalism, slavery, feudalism, capitalism and communism.the ruins of British feudalism . The bourgeoisie thereafterof commercial law. While under feudalism it had functioned

  3. Modernizing Patent Law's Inequitable Conduct Doctrine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cotropia, Christopher

    2008-01-01

    conduct doctrine, but the patent system in general. Berkeleyof the currently pending patent reform legislation containsUTCLE 12th Annual Advanced Patent Law Institute, http://

  4. The Snell law for quaternionic potentials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    De Leo, Stefano; Ducati, Gisele C.

    2013-12-15

    By using the analogy between optics and quantum mechanics, we obtain the Snell law for the planar motion of quantum particles in the presence of quaternionic potentials.

  5. Modernizing Patent Law's Inequitable Conduct Doctrine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cotropia, Christopher

    2008-01-01

    can either be filed by the inventor herself or by a patentwho is representing the inventor. 20 "Patent prosecution" ispatent law requires the inventor put in the patent's

  6. Tribal Energy and Environmental Information Clearinghouse - Laws...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Tribal Energy and Environmental Information Clearinghouse - Laws and Regulations Applicable to Geothermal Energy Development webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference...

  7. Federal Highway Admininstration - Law Enforcement Escort - Best...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Federal Highway Admininstration - Law Enforcement Escort - Best Practices Guidelines Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory...

  8. Power law and composite power law friction factor correlations for laminar and turbulent gasliquid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph, Daniel D.

    new unpublished, and data for gas and heavy oil from PDVSA-Intevep. Dimensionless pressure gradients oil are compiled and processed for power law and composite power law friction factor correlations reduce to the power laws for laminar flow when the Reynolds number is low and to turbulent flow when

  9. Module No: 420141Public International Law (1)Module Title: public international law 2, international

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Module No: 420141Public International Law (1)Module Title: public international law 2, international human law and international organizations Pre-requisite: Module Type: Department requirementModule Office Phone Academic rank Module coordinator jo.edu.idabbah@philadelphia310397Assistant professor Dr

  10. Careers in Patent LawCareers in Patent Law Mitchell Jones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    Careers in Patent LawCareers in Patent Law Mitchell Jones Partner Medlen & Carroll, LLP #12;Career position Patent law seemed like a good alternative #12;Intellectual PropertyIntellectual Property Patents Trademarks Copyright Trade secrets #12;Patent BasicsPatent Basics New, useful and non-obvious Granted

  11. Obstacles in Hawaii Laws to Implementation of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Obstacles in Hawaii Laws to Implementation of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Resources Prepared-FC-06NT42847 Task 3. Deliverable #2 ­ Obstacles in Hawaii Laws to Implementation of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Resources By Carl Freedman, representing the Hawaii Energy Policy Forum And Hawaii Natural Energy

  12. Edinburgh Research Explorer Law, Translation, and Voice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Millar, Andrew J.

    , S 2011, 'Law, Translation, and Voice: Transformation of a Struggle for Social Justice in a Chinese Village' Critical Asian Studies, vol 43, no. 2, pp. 185-210., 10.1080/14672715.2011.570566 Digital Object Studies Publisher Rights Statement: © Woodman, S. (2011). Law, Translation, and Voice: Transformation

  13. General Laws for the Action of Diastases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V: Action of amylase on starch 68 §33. Method. H. Brown and Glendinning's research 68 §34. Law for the progress of the hydrolysis of starch by amylase 65 §35. Effect of the amount of starch. Difference between malt amylase and pancreatic juice amylase 68 §36. Theory of the law of action of amylase 72 §37

  14. Export Control Laws and Washingtonand Washington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Export Control Laws and Washingtonand Washington University For Washington University Faculty Authors: Cindy White, Research Office Tina Tyson, Office of General Counsel May 2006 What are export of foreign policy and national security. *NOTE: Export control laws apply to all activities -- not just

  15. Faculty of Law Canadian & American Dual JD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Enriching Programs The University of Detroit Mercy School of Law and the University of Windsor Faculty. Financial aid at both the University of Detroit Mercy School of Law and the University of Windsor Faculty tuition and fees to both the University of Detroit Mercy and the University of Windsor. Each student must

  16. Impacts of Minnesota's Primary Seat Belt Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levinson, David M.

    March 2012 Impacts of Minnesota's Primary Seat Belt Law Authors: Frank Douma Nebiyou Tilahun of Minnesota's Primary Seat Belt Law March 2012 6. 7. Author(s) 8. Performing Organization Report No. Frank. Abstract (Limit: 250 words) In the spring of 2009, the Minnesota Legislature changed the state's seat belt

  17. Energy-Momentum and Gauge Conservation Laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Giachetta; L. Mangiarotti; G. Sardanashvily

    1998-07-20

    We treat energy-momentum conservation laws as particular gauge conservation laws when generators of gauge transformations are horizontal vector fields on fibre bundles. In particular, the generators of general covariant transformations are the canonical horizontal prolongations of vector fields on a world manifold. This is the case of the energy-momentum conservation laws in gravitation theories. We find that, in main gravitational models, the corresponding energy-momentum flows reduce to the generalized Komar superpotential. We show that the superpotential form of a conserved flow is the common property of gauge conservation laws if generators of gauge transformations depend on derivatives of gauge parameters. At the same time, dependence of conserved flows on gauge parameters make gauge conservation laws form-invariant under gauge transformations.

  18. Center symmetry and area laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas D. Cohen

    2014-07-15

    SU($N_c$) gauge theories containing matter fields may be invariant under transformations of some subgroup of the $\\mathbb{Z}_{N_c}$ center; the maximum such subgroup is $\\mathbb{Z}_{p}$, with $p$ depending on $N_c$ and the representations of the various matter fields in the theory. Confining SU($N_c$) gauge theories in either 3+1 or 2+1 space-time dimensions and with matter fields in any representation have string tensions for representation $R$ given by $\\sigma_R =\\sigma_f \\, \\, \\frac{p_R (p-p_R) \\, \\, g\\left (p_R (p-p_R) \\right )}{(p-1) \\, \\, g(p -1 )} $ with $p_R={n_R \\, \\rm mod}(p)$, where $\\sigma_f $ is the string tension for the fundamental representation, $g$ is a positive finite function and $n_R$ is the n-ality of $R$. This implies that a necessary condition for a theory in this class to have an area law is invariance of the theory under a nontrivial subgroup of the center. Significantly, these results depend on $p$ regardless of the value of $N_c$.

  19. Maple Implementation of the Kirchhoff's "Third and Fourth Laws"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Maple Implementation of the Kirchhoff's "Third and Fourth Laws" NICOLAS RATIER1 , MAYA MARKOVA2 1 an implementation in Maple language of the Kirchhoff's third law and its dual, the so­called Kirchhoff's fourth law­called Kirch- hoff's "third and fourth laws" [5]. These laws allows one to express network functions, in a very

  20. An Investigation of the Laws of Traversals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaskelioff, Mauro; 10.4204/EPTCS.76.5

    2012-01-01

    Traversals of data structures are ubiquitous in programming. Consequently, it is important to be able to characterise those structures that are traversable and understand their algebraic properties. Traversable functors have been characterised by McBride and Paterson as those equipped with a distributive law over arbitrary applicative functors; however, laws that fully capture the intuition behind traversals are missing. This article is an attempt to remedy this situation by proposing laws for characterising traversals that capture the intuition behind them. To support our claims, we prove that finitary containers are traversable in our sense and argue that elements in a traversable structure are visited exactly once.

  1. This sheet is posted on the web at http://www-sk.icrr.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~berns/SUPERK/RADON/radonhutcheck.pdf Super-Kamiokande Dome Radon-Free Air System Shift Checklist for the `RADON HUT'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berns, Hans-Gerd

    This sheet is posted on the web at http://www-sk.icrr.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~berns/SUPERK/RADON/radonhutcheck.pdf Super-Kamiokande Dome Radon-Free Air System Shift Checklist for the `RADON HUT' Rev.: J.Griskevich / H.S. home = 949-940-0015 The Radon Hut manual (latest version) is posted on the web at: https://www-sk.icrr.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~berns/SUPERK/RADON

  2. This sheet is posted on the web at http://wwwsk.icrr.utokyo.ac.jp/~berns/SUPERK/RADON/radonhutcheck.pdf SuperKamiokande Dome RadonFree Air System Shift Checklist for the `RADON HUT'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berns, Hans-Gerd

    This sheet is posted on the web at http://www­sk.icrr.u­tokyo.ac.jp/~berns/SUPERK/RADON/radonhutcheck.pdf Super­Kamiokande Dome Radon­Free Air System Shift Checklist for the `RADON HUT' Rev.: HGB, 20 Nov 2007@phys.washington.edu The Radon Hut manual (latest version) is posted on the web at: https://www­sk.icrr.u­tokyo.ac.jp/~berns/SUPERK/RADON

  3. Second Law Optimization of Heat Exchangers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Witte, L. C.

    1985-01-01

    A new method for optimizing heat exchangers is developed in this paper. It is based on second law efficiency relationships rather than on the traditional heat exchanger effectiveness concept. The cost of energy is based on its availability level...

  4. Essays on malpractice law and physician behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frakes, Michael (Michael D.)

    2009-01-01

    This dissertation contributes to an understanding of the manner in which various dimensions of malpractice law shape physician behavior and how this behavior, in turn, impacts health outcomes. In Chapter 1, I explore the ...

  5. Name Law and Gender in Iceland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Willson, Kendra

    2009-01-01

    in early nineteenth-century Iceland. ” History of the FamilyMA thesis, University of Iceland. Guđrún Kvaran and SigurđurName Law and Gender in Iceland by Kendra Willson CSW JUN09

  6. Copyright Law Reform: Some Achievable Goals 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacQueen, Hector L

    2007-01-01

    Copyright law reform in the European Union. The chapter discusses possible actions in light of new and amended EU Directives and whether these balances rights' holders and users' interests....

  7. Essays in empirical law and economics/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lem, Jacklin Chou

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation, which is a collection of three essays, uses empirical methods to study questions at the intersection of law and economics. The first chapter, co-authored with Joshua Fischman, explores how supervision ...

  8. Comments of the Southern Environmental Law Center and the American...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Emergency Order and allow federal and state regulators the discretion to enforce binding air pollution control laws. Comments of the Southern Environmental Law Center and the...

  9. TEEIC Laws and Regulations Applicable to Energy Transmission...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    TEEIC Laws and Regulations Applicable to Energy Transmission Development Website Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: TEEIC Laws and...

  10. Improved Engine Design Concepts Using the Second Law of Thermodynamics...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Design Concepts Using the Second Law of Thermodynamics Improved Engine Design Concepts Using the Second Law of Thermodynamics Presentation from the U.S. DOE Office of Vehicle...

  11. Comments of the Southern Environmental Law Center and the American...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Emergency Order and allow federal and state regulators the discretion to enforce binding air pollution control laws. PDF icon Comments of the Southern Environmental Law Center and...

  12. UNEP Handbook for Drafting Laws on Energy Efficiency and Renewable...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    UNEP Handbook for Drafting Laws on Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: UNEP Handbook for Drafting Laws on...

  13. POLICY GUIDANCE MEMORANDUM #07 Current Appropriations Law and...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    7 Current Appropriations Law and Compensation of Foreign Nationals POLICY GUIDANCE MEMORANDUM 07 Current Appropriations Law and Compensation of Foreign Nationals Due to recent...

  14. Environmental Law Institute Webinar to Promote Superior Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Environmental Law Institute Webinar to Promote Superior Energy Performance(tm) on July 22, 2014 Environmental Law Institute Webinar to Promote Superior Energy Performance(tm) on...

  15. AARP, National Consumer Law Center, and Public Citizen Comments...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AARP, National Consumer Law Center, and Public Citizen Comments to:DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges AARP, National Consumer Law...

  16. Scaling Law of Coherent Synchrotron Radiation in a Rectangular...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Scaling Law of Coherent Synchrotron Radiation in a Rectangular Chamber Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Scaling Law of Coherent Synchrotron Radiation in a Rectangular...

  17. The Case for exCellenCe The University of Houston Law Center is a Tier One law school

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glasser, Adrian

    of 200 law schools by U.S. News & World Report, 2011 · Ranked 42nd in 2011 by the National Law Journal. 56 out of 200 law schools in the nation by U.S. News & World Report, and one of only eight public law and Information Law Institute is ranked 6th nationally by U.S. News & World Report, 2011 · UH Health Law

  18. Supplementary balance laws and the entropy principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Serge Preston

    2010-08-01

    In this work we study the mathematical aspects of the development in the continuum thermodynamics known as the "Entropy Principle". It started with the pioneering works of B.Coleman, W.Noll and I. Muller in 60th of XX cent. and got its further development mostly in the works of G. Boillat, I-Shis Liu and T.Ruggeri. "Entropy Principle" combines in itself the structural requirement on the form of balance laws of the thermodynamical system (denote such system $(\\mathcal{C})$) and on the entropy balance law with the convexity condition of the entropy density. First of these requirements has pure mathematical form defining so called "supplementary balance laws" (shortly SBL) associated with the original balance system. Vector space of SBL can be considered as a kind of natural "closure" of the original balance system. This space includes the original balance laws, the entropy balance, the balance laws corresponding to the symmetries of the balance system and some other balance equations. We consider the case of Rational Extended Thermodynamics where densities, fluxes and sources of the balance equations do not depend on the derivatives of physical fields $y^i$. We present the basic structures of RET: Lagrange-Liu equations,"main fields", and dual formulation of the balance system. We obtain and start studying the defining system of equations for the density $h^0$ of a supplementary balance law. This overdetermined linear system of PDE of second order determines all the densities $h^0$ and with them, due to the formalism of RET, the fluxes and sources of SBL. Solvability conditions of defining system delivers the constitutive restrictions on the balance equations of the original balance system. We illustrate our results by some simple examples of balance system and by describing all the supplementary balance laws and the constitutive restrictions for the Cattaneo heat propagation system.

  19. INVERSE-SQUARE LAW TESTS 1 TESTS OF THE GRAVITATIONAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of - Department of Physics, Electroweak Interaction Research Group

    INVERSE-SQUARE LAW TESTS 1 TESTS OF THE GRAVITATIONAL INVERSE-SQUARE LAW E.G.Adelberger, B-1560 KEYWORDS: gravitation, experimental tests of inverse-square law, quantum gravity, extra dimensions ABSTRACT: We review recent experimental tests of the gravitational inverse-square law, and the wide variety

  20. Nahum Gelber Law Library A Self-Guided Library Tour

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kambhampati, Patanjali

    Nahum Gelber Law Library A Self-Guided Library Tour Welcome to the Nahum Gelber Law Library by the library and how to locate materials for assignments, course readings, reserves etc. The tour should take you about 30 minutes. The Nahum Gelber Law Library is one of the Faculty of Law buildings on the north

  1. Module No: 420151Political systems and constitutional lawModule Title: Constitutional lawPre-requisite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Module No: 420151Political systems and constitutional lawModule Title: Constitutional lawPre-requisite: Module Type: department requirementModule level: First Year Evening StudyDaytime StudyCredit Hours: 3 Academic rank Instructor Name E-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Module coordinator jo

  2. Ecological Economics 29 (1999) 473483 The second law, the fourth law, recycling and limits to growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1999-01-01

    Ecological Economics 29 (1999) 473­483 ANALYSIS The second law, the fourth law, recycling that there must be a large stockpile of inactive materials as well as an exogenous source of exergy (e.g. from energy (i.e. exergy) is ultimately the only scarce element be- cause, if enough of it is available, all

  3. On Power Law Inflation in DBI Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michal Spalinski

    2007-04-26

    Inflationary models in string theory which identify the inflaton with an open string modulus lead to effective field theories with non-canonical kinetic terms: Dirac-Born-Infeld scalar field theories. In the case of a $D$-brane moving in an AdS throat with a quadratic scalar field potential DBI kinetic terms allow a novel realization of power law inflation. This note adresses the question of whether this behaviour is special to this particular choice of throat geometry and potential. The answer is that for any throat geometry one can explicitly find a potential which leads to power law inflation. This generalizes the well known fact that an exponential potential gives power law inflation in the case of canonical kinetic terms.

  4. Memory Constraints for Power-Law Series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, Fangjian; Zhao, Zhi-Dan; Zhou, Tao

    2015-01-01

    Many time series produced by complex systems are empirically found to follow power-law distributions with different exponents $\\alpha$. By permuting the independently drawn samples from a power-law distribution, we present non-trivial bounds on the memory (1st-order autocorrelation) as a function of $\\alpha$, which are markedly different from the ordinary $\\pm 1$ bounds for Gaussian or uniform distributions. When $1 3$, the upper bound remains +1 while the lower bound descends below 0. Theoretical bounds agree well with numerical simulations. Based on the ratings of MovieLens and posts in Twitter, we also find that empirical power-law distributed data produced by human activities conform to such constraints.

  5. Entanglement area law from specific heat capacity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernando G. S. L. Brandao; Marcus Cramer

    2015-08-20

    We study the scaling of entanglement in low-energy states of quantum many-body models on lattices of arbitrary dimensions. We allow for unbounded Hamiltonians such that systems with bosonic degrees of freedom are included. We show that if at low enough temperatures the specific heat capacity of the model decays exponentially with inverse temperature, the entanglement in every low-energy state satisfies an area law (with a logarithmic correction). This behaviour of the heat capacity is typically observed in gapped systems. Assuming merely that the low-temperature specific heat decays polynomially with temperature, we find a subvolume scaling of entanglement. Our results give experimentally verifiable conditions for area laws, show that they are a generic property of low-energy states of matter, and, to the best of our knowledge, constitute the first proof of an area law for unbounded Hamiltonians beyond those that are integrable.

  6. The elliptical power law profile lens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tessore, Nicolas

    2015-01-01

    The deflection, potential, shear and magnification of a gravitational lens following an elliptical power law mass model are investigated. This mass model is derived from the circular power law profile through a rescaling of the axes, similar to the case of a singular isothermal ellipsoid. The resulting deflection can be calculated explicitly and given in terms of the Gaussian hypergeometric function. Analytic expressions for the remaining lensing properties are found as well. Because the power law profile lens contains a number of well-known lens models as special cases, the equivalence of the new expressions with known results is checked. Finally, it is shown how these results naturally lead to a fast and accurate numerical scheme for computing the deflection and other lens quantities, making this method a useful tool for realistically modelling observed lenses.

  7. Benford's Law Applies To Online Social Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golbeck, Jennifer

    2015-01-01

    Benford's Law states that the frequency of first digits of numbers in naturally occurring systems is not evenly distributed. Numbers beginning with a 1 occur roughly 30\\% of the time, and are six times more common than numbers beginning with a 9. We show that Benford's Law applies to social and behavioral features of users in online social networks. We consider social data from five major social networks: Facebook, Twitter, Google Plus, Pinterest, and Live Journal. We show that the distribution of first significant digits of friend and follower counts for users in these systems follow Benford's Law. The same holds for the number of posts users make. We extend this to egocentric networks, showing that friend counts among the people in an individual's social network also follow the expected distribution. We discuss how this can be used to detect suspicious or fraudulent activity online and to validate datasets.

  8. Fractional conservation laws in optimal control theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gastao S. F. Frederico; Delfim F. M. Torres

    2007-11-05

    Using the recent formulation of Noether's theorem for the problems of the calculus of variations with fractional derivatives, the Lagrange multiplier technique, and the fractional Euler-Lagrange equations, we prove a Noether-like theorem to the more general context of the fractional optimal control. As a corollary, it follows that in the fractional case the autonomous Hamiltonian does not define anymore a conservation law. Instead, it is proved that the fractional conservation law adds to the Hamiltonian a new term which depends on the fractional-order of differentiation, the generalized momentum, and the fractional derivative of the state variable.

  9. Occupational safety and health law handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sarvadi, D.G. [ed.; Keller; Heckman

    1999-09-01

    This book reviews the regulations and standards governing the protection of employees in the workplace and provides insight into dealing with pertinent regulations and regulatory authorities. Written for safety professionals, industrial hygienists, human resource professionals, attorneys, and students, this companion to Government Institutes' best-selling ``Environmental Law Handbook'' offers the legal fundamentals behind occupational safety and health laws in one concise and authoritative volume. In 19 chapters, the authoring law firm of Keller and Heckman cover the OSHAct and its development; OSHA, NIOSH, and OSHRC; the roles played by other regulatory agencies; the OSHA rulemaking process; OSHA Standards and the General Duty Clause; record keeping and reporting; employers' and employees' rights; inspections; violations, penalties, and how to contest them; criminal prosecutions; state plans; industry-specific issues; OSHA reform; and international regulations and standards. This book references approximately 400 seminal OSHA legal decisions from the approximately 1,300 cases on record and includes coverage of Canadian and European Community regulations, making it the first comprehensive global overview of occupational safety and health law.

  10. International College of Business, Economics and Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harman, Neal.A.

    , to labour market economics, and fraudulent claims in insurance law. The broad spectrum of research activity in Business include: · Centre of Consumer Confidence Studies (CCCS) · Finance and Risk Management · Institute-Business Research (CeBR) · Technology and Innovation Management Research groups in Economics include: · Labour

  11. law.wayne.edu Admissions Bulletin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berdichevsky, Victor

    Abbatt, '83 Hon. Nancy G. Edmunds, '76 Hon. Marilyn Kelly, '71 Thomas G. Kienbaum, '68 E. Powell Miller, '57 Maurice S. Binkow Richard J. Burstein, '69 Robert M. Carson, '68 Eric T. Carver, '97 Ina C. Cohen are a family here." -- Jocelyn Benson Dean " introduction02 Jocelyn Benson was named dean of Wayne Law in June

  12. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Aaron

    1 23 International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics ISSN 1567-9764 Int Environ Service ICC 301, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20057, USA A. Drieschova Department of Political ``traditional'' issues such as hydro- power, water allocation and irrigation are still important

  13. Today's Material Gauss' Law and Flux

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashlock, Dan

    Field Lines' #12;© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. The Concept of Flux Consider a box surrounding a region;© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. The Concept of Flux Consider a box surrounding a region of space. We can.1 ­ 22.3 Next lecture · More on Gauss's law #12;Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing

  14. Selected Bibliography Law, Information Policy, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    Selected Bibliography on Law, Information Policy, and Spatial Databases Compiled by: Harlan J 04469-5711 National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis Report 94-2 #12;ii Preface, Information Policy, and Spatial Databases. Articles have been placed within one of the following categories: 1

  15. Patent Law and Complementary Innovations Yann Mnirey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Patent Law and Complementary Innovations Yann Méničrey CERNA, Ecole Nationale Supérieure des mines: Innovation, Patent, R&D, Complementarity I am grateful to John Barton, Matthieu Glachant, François Lévęque #12;The patent system was initially designed to provide incentives to develop stand-alone innovations

  16. A Taxonomy of Tort Law Defences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    467 19 A Taxonomy of Tort Law Defences James Goudkamp* Introduction This chapter addresses defences". A taxonomy of defences will then be delineated. Thereafter, it will be suggested how a substantial number of defences should be categorised within the taxonomy. The analysis here will be illustrated with examples

  17. QER- Comment of Western Environmental Law Center

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    To whom it may concern, I provided the following comments at the public meeting in Santa Fe, NM on 8/11/14: My name is Thomas Singer, and I am a Senior Policy Advisor at the Western Environmental Law Center.

  18. Wien's Displacement Law in Rindler Space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De, Sanchari; Ghosh, Sutapa; Chakrabarty, Somenath

    2015-01-01

    In this article we have developed a formalism to obtained the modified form of Wien's displacement law when the wall of the enclosure containing a photon gas is expanding adiabatically with a uniform acceleration. We have also studied the gravitational redshift of photons inside the enclosure using the prescription of extended relativistic dynamics with an upper limit of acceleration.

  19. On multitemporal generalization of Newton's gravitational law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. D. Ivashchuk

    2009-05-15

    A n-time generalization of Newton's law (of universal gravitation) formula in N =n + d + 1-dimensional space-time is conjectured. This formula implies a relation for effective N-dimensional gravitational constant G_{eff} = G cos^2 \\theta, where \\theta is the angle between the direction of motion of two particles in n-dimensional time manifold R^n.

  20. Diffusion Processes Satisfying a Conservation Law Constraint

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Bakosi, J.; Ristorcelli, J. R.

    2014-03-04

    We investigate coupled stochastic differential equations governing N non-negative continuous random variables that satisfy a conservation principle. In various fields a conservation law requires that a set of fluctuating variables be non-negative and (if appropriately normalized) sum to one. As a result, any stochastic differential equation model to be realizable must not produce events outside of the allowed sample space. We develop a set of constraints on the drift and diffusion terms of such stochastic models to ensure that both the non-negativity and the unit-sum conservation law constraint are satisfied as the variables evolve in time. We investigate the consequencesmore »of the developed constraints on the Fokker-Planck equation, the associated system of stochastic differential equations, and the evolution equations of the first four moments of the probability density function. We show that random variables, satisfying a conservation law constraint, represented by stochastic diffusion processes, must have diffusion terms that are coupled and nonlinear. The set of constraints developed enables the development of statistical representations of fluctuating variables satisfying a conservation law. We exemplify the results with the bivariate beta process and the multivariate Wright-Fisher, Dirichlet, and Lochner’s generalized Dirichlet processes.« less

  1. New York City Bar Environmental Law Committee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    1 New York City Bar Environmental Law Committee A Public Debate: Is Thermal Treatment of Solid Wastes Good for New York City? March 22, 2007 New York City Bar Association Great Hall 42 West 44th Street, New York, NY Nickolas J. Themelis (njt1@columbia.edu; www.columbia.edu/cu/earth; www

  2. Using Newton's Law for Dark Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paul Frampton

    2012-09-24

    A model is introduced in which Newton's law is modified between matter and dark energy corpuscles (DECs). The model predicts that the DEC component is presently decelerating in its expansion at 14% of the magnitude of the matter expansion acceleration. In the future, expansion of the DEC universe will continue to decelerate.

  3. UNH and UNH School of Law Student Exchange Program Guidelines The Affiliation Agreement between the University of New Hampshire ("UNH") and Franklin Pierce Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the University of New Hampshire ("UNH") and Franklin Pierce Law Center provides that the Law Center will become the University of New Hampshire School of Law ("UNH School of Law") and that the two institutions will work

  4. Power-laws and Non-Power-laws in Dark Matter Halos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. N. Henriksen

    2006-09-05

    Simulated dark matter profiles are often modelled as a `NFW' density profile rather than a single power law. Recently, attention has turned to the rather rigorous power-law behaviour exhibited by the `pseudo phase-space density' of the dark matter halo, which is defined dimensionally in terms of the local density and velocity dispersion of the dark matter particles. The non-power-law behaviour of the density profile is generally taken to exclude simple scale-free, in-fall models; however the power-law behaviour of the `pseudo-density' is a counter indication. We argue in this paper that both behaviours may be at least qualitatively understood in terms of a dynamically evolving self-similarity, rather than the form for self-similar infall that is fixed by cosmological initial conditions. The evolution is likely due to collective relaxation such as that provided by the radial-orbit instability on large scales. We deduce, from a distribution function given by first order coarse-graining, both the NFW-type density profile and the power-law pseudo-density profile. The results are not greatly sensitive to variation about 3 in the power of the velocity dispersion used in the definition of the phase space pseudo-density. We suggest that the power 2 may create the more physical quantity, whose deviations from a power-law are a diagnostic of incomplete relaxation.

  5. QER - Comment of Environmental Law & Policy Center | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Environmental Law & Policy Center QER - Comment of Environmental Law & Policy Center From: Stephanie Chase SChase@elpc.org Sent: Friday, October 10, 2014 6:02 PM To: QERcomments...

  6. The Constitutionality of Kansas Laws Targeting Sex Offenders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAllister, Stephen R.

    1997-01-01

    Kansas, like many States, has enacted various laws in the past several years responding to concerns about sex offenders and public safety. Most prominent are state laws that substantially increase the criminal punishment ...

  7. Tests of the Gravitational Inverse-Square Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. G. Adelberger; B. R. Heckel; A. E. Nelson

    2003-07-22

    We review recent experimental tests of the gravitational inverse-square law and the wide variety of theoretical considerations that suggest the law may break down in experimentally accessible regions.

  8. TRANSBOUNDARY GROUNDWATER AND INTERNATIONAL LAW: PAST PRACTICES AND CURRENT IMPLICATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Aaron

    TRANSBOUNDARY GROUNDWATER AND INTERNATIONAL LAW: PAST PRACTICES AND CURRENT IMPLICATIONS By Kyoko........................................................................................................................................ 1 2. The Notion of Transboundary Groundwater................................................................................... 3 3. Evolution of International Groundwater Management in Environmental Law

  9. Derrick A. Bell Jr., RACE, RACISM AND AMERICAN LAW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Payne, William

    1983-01-01

    Derrick A. Bell Jr. , RACE, RACISM AND AMERICAN LAW. Little,1. D. A. BELL JR. , RACE, RACISM AND AMERICAN LAW xxvii (2dhereinafter cited as BFLL, Racism]. 2. Id. at xxiv. 3. Id.

  10. Aliens in Medieval Law: The Origins of Modern Citizenship (review)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, Wendy J.

    2001-01-01

    REVIEWS Keechang Kim, Aliens in Medieval Law: The Origins ofhis thought-provoking work Aliens in Medieval Law, Keechangmedieval world to citizen and alien at the beginning of the

  11. Forensic imaging tools for law enforcement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SMITHPETER,COLIN L.; SANDISON,DAVID R.; VARGO,TIMOTHY D.

    2000-01-01

    Conventional methods of gathering forensic evidence at crime scenes are encumbered by difficulties that limit local law enforcement efforts to apprehend offenders and bring them to justice. Working with a local law-enforcement agency, Sandia National Laboratories has developed a prototype multispectral imaging system that can speed up the investigative search task and provide additional and more accurate evidence. The system, called the Criminalistics Light-imaging Unit (CLU), has demonstrated the capabilities of locating fluorescing evidence at crime scenes under normal lighting conditions and of imaging other types of evidence, such as untreated fingerprints, by direct white-light reflectance. CLU employs state of the art technology that provides for viewing and recording of the entire search process on videotape. This report describes the work performed by Sandia to design, build, evaluate, and commercialize CLU.

  12. Maxwell's equal area law for Lovelock Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Hao

    2015-01-01

    We present the construction of Maxwell's equal area law for the Guass-Bonnet AdS black holes in $d=5,6$ and third order Lovelock AdS black holes in $d=7,8$. The equal area law can be used to find the number and location of the points of intersection in the plots of Gibbs free energy, so that we can get the thermodynamically preferred solution which corresponds to the first order phase transition. We have the radius of the small and larger black holes in the phase transition which share the same Gibbs free energy. The latent heat can also be calculated. For the third order Lovelock AdS black holes in $d=8$, the first order phase transition can be found in $T_t

  13. Maxwell's equal area law for Lovelock Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hao Xu; Zhen-Ming Xu

    2015-10-22

    We present the construction of Maxwell's equal area law for the Guass-Bonnet AdS black holes in $d=5,6$ and third order Lovelock AdS black holes in $d=7,8$. The equal area law can be used to find the number and location of the points of intersection in the plots of Gibbs free energy, so that we can get the thermodynamically preferred solution which corresponds to the first order phase transition. We have the radius of the small and larger black holes in the phase transition which share the same Gibbs free energy. The latent heat can also be calculated. For the third order Lovelock AdS black holes in $d=8$, the first order phase transition can be found in $T_t

  14. Scaling laws of solar and stellar flares

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Markus J. Aschwanden; Robert A. Stern; Manuel Güdel

    2007-10-12

    In this study we compile for the first time comprehensive data sets of solar and stellar flare parameters, including flare peak temperatures T_p, flare peak volume emission measures EM_p, and flare durations t_f from both solar and stellar data, as well as flare length scales L from solar data. Key results are that both the solar and stellar data are consistent with a common scaling law of EM_p ~ T_p^4.7, but the stellar flares exhibit ~250 times higher emission measures (at the same flare peak temperature). For solar flares we observe also systematic trends for the flare length scale L(T_p) ~ T_p^0.9 and the flare duration t_F(T_p) ~ T_p^0.9 as a function of the flare peak temperature. Using the theoretical RTV scaling law and the fractal volume scaling observed for solar flares, i.e., V(L) ~ L^2.4, we predict a scaling law of EM_p ~ T_p^4.3, which is consistent with observations, and a scaling law for electron densities in flare loops, n_p ~ T_p^2/L ~ T_p^1.1. The RTV-predicted electron densities were also found to be consistent with densities inferred from total emission measures, n_p=(EM_p/q_V*V)^1/2, using volume filling factors of q_V=0.03-0.08 constrained by fractal dimensions measured in solar flares. Our results affect also the determination of radiative and conductive cooling times, thermal energies, and frequency distributions of solar and stellar flare energies.

  15. Fractal Weyl law for Linux Kernel Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Ermann; A. D. Chepelianskii; D. L. Shepelyansky

    2010-09-16

    We study the properties of spectrum and eigenstates of the Google matrix of a directed network formed by the procedure calls in the Linux Kernel. Our results obtained for various versions of the Linux Kernel show that the spectrum is characterized by the fractal Weyl law established recently for systems of quantum chaotic scattering and the Perron-Frobenius operators of dynamical maps. The fractal Weyl exponent is found to be $\

  16. Local semicircle law for random regular graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roland Bauerschmidt; Antti Knowles; Horng-Tzer Yau

    2015-05-26

    We consider random $d$-regular graphs on $N$ vertices, with degree $d$ at least $(\\log N)^4$. We prove that the Green's function of the adjacency matrix and the Stieltjes transform of its empirical spectral measure are well approximated by Wigner's semicircle law, down to the optimal scale given by the typical eigenvalue spacing (up to a logarithmic correction). Aside from well-known consequences for the local eigenvalue distribution, this result implies the complete delocalization of all eigenvectors.

  17. Covariant Balance Laws in Continua with Microstructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arash Yavari; Jerrold E. Marsden

    2008-11-13

    The purpose of this paper is to extend the Green-Naghdi-Rivlin balance of energy method to continua with microstructure. The key idea is to replace the group of Galilean transformations with the group of diffeomorphisms of the ambient space. A key advantage is that one obtains in a natural way all the needed balance laws on both the macro and micro levels along with two Doyle-Erickson formulas.

  18. Laws of thermodynamics and game theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lev Sakhnovich

    2011-05-23

    Using a game theory approach and a new extremal problem, Gibbs formula is proved in a most simple and general way for the classical mechanics case. A corresponding conjecture on the asymptotics of the classical entropy is formulated. For the ordinary quantum mechanics case, the third law of thermodynamics is derived. Some results on the number of ground states and residual entropy are obtained rigorously.

  19. Simple scaling laws for astrophysical jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Huarte-Espinosa; S. Mendoza

    2006-07-15

    The idea of a unified model for all astrophysical jets has been considered for quite some time. We present here a few scaling laws relevant to all type of astrophysical jets, analogous to those of \\citet{sams96} which are widely used for astrophysical black holes. We use Buckingham's $ \\Pi $ theorem of dimensional analysis to obtain a family of dimensional relations among the physical quantities associated to astrophysical jets.

  20. The Bayesian Second Law of Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartolotta, Anthony; Leichenauer, Stefan; Pollack, Jason

    2015-01-01

    We derive a generalization of the Second Law of Thermodynamics that uses Bayesian updates to explicitly incorporate the effects of a measurement of a system at some point in its evolution. By allowing an experimenter's knowledge to be updated by the measurement process, this formulation resolves a tension between the fact that the entropy of a statistical system can sometimes fluctuate downward and the information-theoretic idea that knowledge of a stochastically-evolving system degrades over time. The Bayesian Second Law can be written as $\\Delta H(\\rho_m, \\rho) + \\langle \\mathcal{Q}\\rangle_{F|m}\\geq 0$, where $\\Delta H(\\rho_m, \\rho)$ is the change in the cross entropy between the original phase-space probability distribution $\\rho$ and the measurement-updated distribution $\\rho_m$, and $\\langle \\mathcal{Q}\\rangle_{F|m}$ is the expectation value of a generalized heat flow out of the system. We also derive refined versions of the Second Law that bound the entropy increase from below by a non-negative number, ...

  1. Law, Technology and the Environment in natural resource management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Law, Technology and the Environment in natural resource management: Forestry and illegal logging* May 2003 *E.P. Toyne. (in press). Law, Technology and the Environment in natural resource management://www.illegal-logging.info/uploads/paultoyne.pdf #12;INTRODUCTION In an ideal world there would be the combined application of law and technology

  2. Law, Technology and the Environment in natural resource management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Law, Technology and the Environment in natural resource management: Forestry and illegal logging* May 2003 *E.P. Toyne. (in press). Law, Technology and the Environment in natural resource management;INTRODUCTION In an ideal world there would be the combined application of law and technology leading

  3. Inconsistent Application of Environmental Laws and Policies to California's Oak

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Inconsistent Application of Environmental Laws and Policies to California's Oak Woodlands1 Gregory of environmental laws and policies to California's oak woodlands and associated resources. Specifically, large of Environmental Laws and Policies to California's Oak Woodlands-- Giusti and Merenlender Oaks continue

  4. R E P O R T S Criminal Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fletcher, Robin

    Law Queen's R E P O R T S Criminal Law at Queen's: 50 Years of Leadership in Teaching Manager of Records, Registration and Communications deanna Morash Director, Career Services nancy Somers T S C O V E R S T O R Y 8 Criminal Law at Queen's: 50 Years of Leadership in Teaching and Scholarship F

  5. Fourier's Law for a Harmonic Crystal with Selfconsistent Stochastic Reservoirs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roma "La Sapienza", Universitŕ di

    Fourier's Law for a Harmonic Crystal with Self­consistent Stochastic Reservoirs Federico Bonetto. The corresponding heat cur­ rent satisfies Fourier's law with a finite positive thermal conductivity which can also words: Fourier's law; harmonic crystal; non­equilibrium systems; ther­ modynamic limit; Green

  6. Curriculum Policy of the Graduate School of Law Master's Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banbara, Mutsunori

    Curriculum Policy of the Graduate School of Law Master's Program Advanced Program Through special on writing their doctoral thesis in seminars. #12;2L: 2nd year in the curriculum for students without basic knowledge of law, 1st year in the curriculum for students with basic knowledge of law 3L: 3rd year

  7. Power laws in economics and elsewhere J. Doyne Farmer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Power laws in economics and elsewhere J. Doyne Farmer and John Geanakoplos May 14, 2008 Abstract We review power laws in financial economics. This is a chapter from a preliminary draft of a book called of it applies to power laws in general ­ the nouns may change, but the underlying questions are similar in many

  8. UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND FRANCIS KING CAREY SCHOOL OF LAW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weber, David J.

    with students. You can be part of a top ranked program in health law, environmental law, clinical law or trial/teachers, engaged in high impact research on some of the most pressing issues of the day. In the classroom "Is religious liberty a universally valid principle that can somehow be separated from politics, power

  9. MINOR IN PSYCHOLOGY AND LAW The Minor requires 24 UNITS.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Xianghong Jasmine

    MINOR IN PSYCHOLOGY AND LAW The Minor requires 24 UNITS. Note: Minors must consist requirement. Psychology majors must take at least four courses in departments outside of Psychology toward to Psychology LAW 200 Law and Society Choose two from the following list: * PSYC 301L Cognitive

  10. FACULTY OF LAW www.philadelphia.edu.jo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FACULTY OF LAW STU D ENT HANDB O OK www.philadelphia.edu.jo www.philadelphia.edu.jo/elaw 2005 General and Important Directions for the Students 19 The Mission of Philadelphia Univer- sity 4 Law of Law at Philadelphia University is happy to present this handbook for you to be a mean of communication

  11. Center for National Security Law SELECTED FURTHER RESOURCES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Wei

    Center for National Security Law SELECTED FURTHER RESOURCES Articles Careers in National Security) Brown, The National Security Council: A Legal History (2008) Fernández-Sánchez, International Legal National Security Law Report) #12;Key Resources ABA National Security Law Report DC District Court

  12. On the First Law of Geography: A Reply Waldo Tobler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tobler, Waldo

    F O R U M On the First Law of Geography: A Reply Waldo Tobler Geography Department, University at a panel on the first law of geography organized by him at the 2003 AAG meeting in New Orleans. The comments seem to fall into two camps: some reject the idea of ``laws'' in geography, and others feel

  13. Energy scaling laws for conically constrained thin elastic Jeremy Brandman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy scaling laws for conically constrained thin elastic sheets Jeremy Brandman , Robert V. Kohn Classification: 74B20, 74K20 Keywords: d-cone, thin elastic sheets, energy scaling laws 1 Introduction 1 consistent with a conical deformation? In particular: ­ What is the elastic energy scaling law

  14. Law, Language, and Culture! 3rd International Osnabrck Graduate Summer School on the Cultural Study of the Law !

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kallenrode, May-Britt

    Law, Language, and Culture! 3rd International Osnabrück Graduate Summer School on the Cultural://www.blogs.uni-osnabrueck.de/lawandculture/!! The 3rd Graduate Summer School on Law, Language, and Culture aims to further promote

  15. Title Rules of the School of Law Category Honor Code and Rules of the School of Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhuang, Yu

    of the School of Law expects that students will conduct themselves in a manner that is above reproach at all

  16. Slide 1www.kostic.niu.edu The Second LawThe Second Law of Energy Degradationof Energy Degradation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kostic, Milivoje M.

    1 Slide 1www.kostic.niu.edu The Second LawThe Second Law of Energy Degradationof Energy Degradation.kostic.niu.edu/Kosticwww.kostic.niu.edu/Kostic--2nd2nd--LawLaw--Bio_Inteligence.htmBio_Inteligence.htm CarnotCarnot 18241824 Heat EngineHeat Engine will providewill provide visionvision for the future energy solutionsfor the future energy solutions ... a

  17. Statistical test of Duane-Hunt's law and its comparison with an alternative law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milan Perkovac

    2010-10-28

    Using Pearson correlation coefficient a statistical analysis of Duane-Hunt and Kulenkampff's measurement results was performed. This analysis reveals that empirically based Duane-Hunt's law is not entirely consistent with the measurement data. The author has theoretically found the action of electromagnetic oscillators, which corresponds to Planck's constant, and also has found an alternative law based on the classical theory. Using the same statistical method, this alternative law is likewise tested, and it is proved that the alternative law is completely in accordance with the measurements. The alternative law gives a relativistic expression for the energy of electromagnetic wave emitted or absorbed by atoms and proves that the empirically derived Planck-Einstein's expression is only valid for relatively low frequencies. Wave equation, which is similar to the Schr\\"odinger equation, and wavelength of the standing electromagnetic wave are also established by the author's analysis. For a relatively low energy this wavelength becomes equal to the de Broglie wavelength. Without any quantum conditions, the author made a formula similar to the Rydberg's formula, which can be applied to the all known atoms, neutrons and some hyperons.

  18. Generalized entropies and the expansion law of the universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fatemeh Lalehgani Dezaki; Behrouz Mirza

    2015-07-04

    We suggest that using the first law of thermodynamics is a convenient method to obtain a correct form of the expansion law of the universe \\cite{T. Padmanabhan1}. We will, then, use this idea to obtain the expansion law for a Kodama observer. By using the expansion law for a Kodama observer, we can obtain the dynamic equation of the FRW universe for deformed Horava-Lifshitz gravity. The use of the first law of thermodynamics also leads to a new approach for obtaining the Friedmann equations for f(R) and scalar tensor gravities.

  19. ENVIRONMENTAL LAW AND POLICY IN THE PACIFIC BASIN AREA. Ichiro Kato, Nobuo Kumamoto, and William H. Matthews, eds.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooke, Stephen D.

    1982-01-01

    Japanese Environmental Policy and Law, ENVIRONMENTAL LAW ANDthe laws and policies controlling environmental problems 3cornerstone of Japanese environmental policy, the Basic Law

  20. Inferring the Rate-Length Law of Protein Folding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lane, Thomas J

    2013-01-01

    We investigate the rate-length scaling law of protein folding, a key undetermined scaling law in the analytical theory of protein folding. We demonstrate that chain length is a dominant factor determining folding times, and that the unambiguous determination of the way chain length corre- lates with folding times could provide key mechanistic insight into the folding process. Four specific proposed laws (power law, exponential, and two stretched exponentials) are tested against one an- other, and it is found that the power law best explains the data. At the same time, the fit power law results in rates that are very fast, nearly unreasonably so in a biological context. We show that any of the proposed forms are viable, conclude that more data is necessary to unequivocally infer the rate-length law, and that such data could be obtained through a small number of protein folding experiments on large protein domains.

  1. Validity of Thermodynamical Laws in Dark Energy Filled Universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samarpita Bhattacharya; Ujjal Debnath

    2010-12-26

    We have considered the flat FRW model of the universe which is filled with only dark energy. The general descriptions of first and second laws of thermodynamics are investigated on the apparent horizon and event horizon of the universe. We have assumed the equation of state of three different types of dark energy models. We have examined the validity of first and second laws of thermodynamics on apparent and event horizons for these dark energies. For these dark energy models, it has been found that on the apparent horizon, first and second laws are always valid. On the event horizon, the laws are break down for dark energy models 1 and 2. For model 3, first law cannot be satisfied on the event horizon, but second law may be satisfied at the late stage of the evolution of the universe and so the validity of second law on the event horizon depends on the values of the parameters only.

  2. Fractal Weyl law for chaotic microcavities: Fresnel's laws imply multifractal scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jan Wiersig; Jörg Main

    2007-12-21

    We demonstrate that the harmonic inversion technique is a powerful tool to analyze the spectral properties of optical microcavities. As an interesting example we study the statistical properties of complex frequencies of the fully chaotic microstadium. We show that the conjectured fractal Weyl law for open chaotic systems [W. T. Lu, S. Sridhar, and M. Zworski, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 154101 (2003)] is valid for dielectric microcavities only if the concept of the chaotic repeller is extended to a multifractal by incorporating Fresnel's laws.

  3. Is violation of Newton's second law possible?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Yu. Ignatiev

    2007-03-11

    Astrophysical observations (usually explained by dark matter) suggest that classical mechanics could break down when the acceleration becomes extremely small (the approach known as modified Newtonian dynamics, or MOND). I present the first analysis of MOND manifestations in terrestrial (rather than astrophysical) settings. A new effect is reported: around each equinox date, 2 spots emerge on the Earth where static bodies experience spontaneous acceleration due to the possible violation of Newton's second law. Preliminary estimates indicate that an experimental search for this effect can be feasible.

  4. Planck's Radiation Law in the Quantized Universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rainer Collier

    2014-09-15

    Physical research looks for clues to quantum properties of the gravitational field. On the basis of the common Schr\\"odinger theory, a simple model of the quantization of a Friedmann universe comprising dust and radiation is investigated. With regard to energy quantization, the result suggests a universal limitation of the energy spacing between neighbouring quantum states by the Planck energy. Applied to black-body radiation, a modified Planck radiation law follows. If this could be verified in the laboratory, it would provide a direct hint at quantum properties of the space-time manifold.

  5. "Irregularization" of Systems of Conservation Laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunter Swan; Woosong Choi; Stefanos Papanikolaou; Matthew Bierbaum; Yong S. Chen; James P. Sethna

    2015-06-18

    We explore new ways of regulating defect behavior in systems of conservation laws. Contrary to usual regularization schemes (such as a vanishing viscosity limit), which attempt to control defects by making them smoother, our schemes result in defects which are \\textit{more singular}, and we thus refer to such schemes as "irregularizations". In particular, we seek to produce \\textit{delta shock} defects which satisfy a condition of \\textit{stationarity}. We are motivated to pursue such exotic defects by a physical example arising from dislocation dynamics in materials physics, which we describe.

  6. Holographic Space-time and Newton's Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tom Banks; Willy Fischler

    2013-10-25

    We derive Newton's Law from the formalism of Holographic Space-Time (HST). More precisely, we show that for a large class of Hamiltonians of the type proposed previously for the HST description of a geodesic in Minkowski space, the eikonal for scattering of two massless particles at large impact parameter scales as expected with the impact parameter and the energies of the particles in the center of mass (CM) frame. We also discuss the criteria for black hole production in this collision, and find an estimate, purely within the HST framework, for the impact parameter at which it sets in, which coincides with the estimate based on general relativity.

  7. Laws DOE Administers | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousand CubicResourcelogo and- EnergyNews »withNuclearLawrencesLaws

  8. Rev. Key Environments: Antarctica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Armitage, Kenneth

    1986-01-01

    D E C E M B E R 1 9 8 6 NEW BIOLOGICAL BOOKS 5 7 1 activity that involves "the use of ideas to t rans form the materia l and nonmater ia l world" (p. 35). H e sets forth 30 principles of technology that he contends "do not tell u s what... technologies to u s e [but rather] the k inds of ques t ions we should ask in order to se­ lect the best technologies and obtain m a x i m u m ben­ efit f rom t h e m " (p. xi i ) . D e G r e g o r i c h a m p i o n s the thesis that life in genera l a n d h...

  9. The Third Law of Galactic Rotation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stacy S. McGaugh

    2014-12-11

    I review the connection between dynamics and the baryonic mass distribution in rotationally supported galaxies. The enclosed dynamical mass-to-light ratio increases with decreasing galaxy luminosity and surface brightness. The correlation with surface brightness appears to be the more fundamental, with the dependence on luminosity following simply from the weaker correlation between luminosity and surface brightness. In addition to this global relation, there is also a local relation between the amplitude of the mass discrepancy and the acceleration predicted by the observed distribution of baryons. I provide an empirical calibration of this mass discrepancy-acceleration relation. The data are consistent with the operation of a singe effective force law in disk galaxies, making this relation tantamount to a natural law. I further provide formulae by which the radial dark matter distribution can be estimated from surface photometry. The form of the dark matter halo depends uniquely on the distribution of baryons in each galaxy, and in general is neither a cusp nor a core. It remains difficult to see how galaxy formation models can reproduce the observed behavior, which is uniquely predicted by MOND.

  10. Carbon Isotope Constraints on the Deglacial CO2 Rise from Ice Cores

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stocker, Thomas

    controls the isotopic fractionation during air/sea gas exchange. The continuous rain of isotopically light carbon storage, which result in a net change in the carbon isotopic composition of the ocean--EPICA (Europe- an Project for Ice Coring in Antarctica) Dome C and Talos Dome--performed with three independent

  11. Power-law Spatial Dispersion from Fractional Liouville Equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasily E. Tarasov

    2013-07-18

    A microscopic model in the framework of fractional kinetics to describe spatial dispersion of power-law type is suggested. The Liouville equation with the Caputo fractional derivatives is used to obtain the power-law dependence of the absolute permittivity on the wave vector. The fractional differential equations for electrostatic potential in the media with power-law spatial dispersion are derived. The particular solutions of these equations for the electric potential of point charge in this media are considered.

  12. Informal Care and Private Law: Governance or a Failure Thereof?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sloan, Brian

    2015-01-01

    and Support Bill: Report (London: Stationery Offi ce, 2013) at para 41, online: United Kingdom Parliament . 8. Brian Sloan, Informal Carers and Private Law (Oxford: Hart... ) [Fineman, Th e Autonomy Myth]. See also e.g. Jonathan Herring, Caring and the Law (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2013) [Herring, Caring and the Law]. 11. See generally Commission on Funding of Care and Support, supra note 4. C.f. the duty contained in Care...

  13. Power-law spatial dispersion from fractional Liouville equation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tarasov, Vasily E. [Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation)] [Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation)

    2013-10-15

    A microscopic model in the framework of fractional kinetics to describe spatial dispersion of power-law type is suggested. The Liouville equation with the Caputo fractional derivatives is used to obtain the power-law dependence of the absolute permittivity on the wave vector. The fractional differential equations for electrostatic potential in the media with power-law spatial dispersion are derived. The particular solutions of these equations for the electric potential of point charge in this media are considered.

  14. Commercial Feedings Stuffs 1913: Feed Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Youngblood, B.

    1914-01-01

    EXPERIMENT STATION B u l l e t in Bul eti A p r i l , 1914 FEED CONTROL SERVICE Commercial Feeding Stuffs 1913 FEED LAW nAprA,,E.Hs .uLLJaJ pRTRSuWm KyTouP .uCWRhm rJgTPl 3AB KA0.0OMBBIFABHp .Alm ndEBrHdpm MfprEBm rH1Mp AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL... COLLEGE OF TEXAS . 9 T y L J P n C y h J T y m President Pro Tern. rH1Mp M4dE.fxrfdMx H1nHdEOHBr prMrEAB BOARD OF DIRECTORS Hl Kl . CP9SWam Presidentm GuCPRuWllll lllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll r...

  15. Paradoxical Interpretations of Urban Scaling Laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cottineau, Clementine; Arcaute, Elsa; Batty, Michael

    2015-01-01

    Scaling laws are powerful summaries of the variations of urban attributes with city size. However, the validity of their universal meaning for cities is hampered by the observation that different scaling regimes can be encountered for the same territory, time and attribute, depending on the criteria used to delineate cities. The aim of this paper is to present new insights concerning this variation, coupled with a sensitivity analysis of urban scaling in France, for several socio-economic and infrastructural attributes from data collected exhaustively at the local level. The sensitivity analysis considers different aggregations of local units for which data are given by the Population Census. We produce a large variety of definitions of cities (approximatively 5000) by aggregating local Census units corresponding to the systematic combination of three definitional criteria: density, commuting flows and population cutoffs. We then measure the magnitude of scaling estimations and their sensitivity to city defin...

  16. Filament velocity scaling laws for warm ions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Manz, P.; Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Assoziation, Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching ; Carralero, D.; Birkenmeier, G.; Müller, H. W.; Scott, B. D.; Müller, S. H.; Fuchert, G.; Stroth, U.; Physik-Department E28, Technische Universität München, James-Franck-Str. 1, 85748 Garching

    2013-10-15

    The dynamics of filaments or blobs in the scrape-off layer of magnetic fusion devices are studied by magnitude estimates of a comprehensive drift-interchange-Alfvén fluid model. The standard blob models are reproduced in the cold ion case. Even though usually neglected, in the scrape-off layer, the ion temperature can exceed the electron temperature by an order of magnitude. The ion pressure affects the dynamics of filaments amongst others by adding up to the interchange drive and the polarisation current. It is shown how both effects modify the scaling laws for filament velocity in dependence of its size. Simplifications for experimentally relevant limit regimes are given. These are the sheath dissipation, collisional, and electromagnetic regime.

  17. Arms control and the rule of law

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tanzman, E.A.

    1995-03-01

    Many who speak of the end of the Cold War emphasize the warming of international relations when they speak of the momentous consequences of this event. According to this image, the half century since Trinity has been a period of sparse international communication during which the Eastern and Western blocs hibernated in their isolated dens of security alliances. Yet it is equally valid to consider the implications of the end of the war footing that has underlain the policies of all of the major military powers during the last fifty years. While meaningful international dialogue was in a state of relative lethargy during much of this period, the military establishments of the Great Powers were actively engaged in using as much force as possible in their efforts to control world affairs, short of triggering a nuclear holocaust. International discourse, at least in English, was rife with such military images as appeasement, containment, crisis stability, and tripwires. From the military posture of the U.S. and Russia a tense peace ironically emerged, but the terms by which decisions were made about controlling weapons of mass destruction (i.e., nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons) were the terms of war. The thesis of this paper is that the end of the Cold War marks a shift away from reliance on military might toward an international commitment to control weapons of mass destruction through the rule of law developed by John Rawls. The progression of agreements during this century to limit weapons of mass destruction testifies to this new development. A review of arms control agreements that the U.S. is a part of show clear growth of the rule of law as the world has left the Cold War.

  18. Maximum entropy generation in open systems: the Fourth Law?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Umberto Lucia

    2010-11-17

    This paper develops an analytical and rigorous formulation of the maximum entropy generation principle. The result is suggested as the Fourth Law of Thermodynamics.

  19. Environmental Law in Ukraine: From the Roots to the Bud

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sak, Pamela Bickford

    1993-01-01

    Belorussians. Roman Solchanyk, Ukraine and Russia: Before13-14. 3. David Marples, Ukraine's Economic Prospects, REP.S.R. Palmer, Privatization in Ukraine: Economics, Law and

  20. Lex Genetica: The Law and Ethics of Programming Biological Code

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burk, DL

    2015-01-01

    The law and ethics of programming biological code Dan L.biological artifacts. Such programming may include usagerelated to biological programming, the latter technology

  1. THE LAW OF VECTOR FIELDS Daniel H. Gottlieb 1. Introduction ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-10-06

    Look at the example of Newton's Law of Gravitation. Here is. a mathematical statement of great simplicity which implies logically vast number. of phenomena of ...

  2. AARP, National Consumer Law Center, and Public Citizen Comments...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    or RFI) on smart grid policy and logistical challenges, published by the Department of Energy (DOE) on September 16, 2010 AARP, National Consumer Law Center, and Public Citizen...

  3. EXTENDED SCHMIDT LAW: ROLE OF EXISTING STARS IN CURRENT STAR...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    We propose an 'extended Schmidt law' with explicit dependence of the star formation efficiency (SFE SFRMsub gas) on the stellar mass surface density (Sigmasub star). This...

  4. Subjects of Privacy: Law, Sexuality and Violence in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Pawan

    2014-01-01

    of California, San Diego Subjects of Privacy: Law, Sexualityan entirely private subject. The underlying suggestion hereMoreover, once the subject of privacy is constituted through

  5. Preemptive Strike: Law in the Campaign for Clean Trucks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, Scott

    2015-01-01

    to the approaching transcontinental railroad, which locala law directing the transcontinental railroad to run throughDetermined to bring transcontinental service to Los Angeles,

  6. Conference on Comparative Law - Recent Developments in European, American, and Turkish Law: "Team Kansas" Goes to Turkey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gottlieb, David J.; Levy, Richard E.; McAllister, Stephen R.; Peck, John C.; Yenisey, Feridun

    1997-05-01

    ESSAY Conference on Comparative Law-Recent Developments in European, American, and Turkish Law: "Team Kansas" Goes to Turkey David J Gottlieb· Richard E. Levy·· Stephen R. McAllister··· John C. Peck···· Feridun Yenisey"···· 1. INTRODUCTION From May... 27, 1996 to June I, 1996, the University of Kansas School of Law and Mannara University, with the support of the Dedeman Foundation, co-sponsored an international conference in Istanbul and Ankara, Turkey. The formal title of the Conference was "The...

  7. National Security Law in Hong Kong: Quo Vadis - A Study of Article 23 of the Basic Law of Hong Kong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fu, H.L.; Cullen, Richard

    2002-01-01

    future direction of national security legislation in the3. Hualing Fu, The National Security Factor: Putting ArticleCOUNCIL DISCUSSION NATIONAL SECURITY LAW IN HONG KONG regard

  8. A NEW REDDENING LAW FOR M4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hendricks, Benjamin; VandenBerg, Don A.; Stetson, Peter B.; Dall'Ora, Massimo

    2012-07-15

    We have used a combination of broadband near-infrared and optical Johnson-Cousins photometry to study the dust properties in the line of sight to the Galactic globular cluster M4. We have investigated the reddening effects in terms of absolute strength and variation across the cluster field, as well as the shape of the reddening law defined by the type of dust. All three aspects had been poorly defined for this system and, consequently, there has been controversy about the absolute distance to this globular cluster, which is closest to the Sun. Here, we determine the ratio of absolute to selective extinction (R{sub V} ) in the line of sight toward M4, which is known to be a useful indicator for the type of dust and therefore characterizes the applicable reddening law. Our method is independent of age assumptions and appears to be significantly more precise and accurate than previous approaches. We obtain A{sub V} /E(B - V) = 3.76 {+-} 0.07 (random error) for the dust in the line of sight to M4 for our set of filters. That corresponds to a dust-type parameter R{sub V} = 3.62 {+-} 0.07 in the Cardelli et al. reddening law. With this value, the distance to M4 is found to be 1.80 {+-} 0.05 kpc, corresponding to a true distance modulus of (m - M){sub 0} = 11.28 {+-} 0.06 (random error). A reddening map for M4 has been created, which reveals a spatial differential reddening of {delta}E(B - V) {>=} 0.2 mag across the field within 10' around the cluster center; this is about 50% of the total mean reddening, which we have determined to be E(B - V) = 0.37 {+-} 0.01. In order to provide accurate zero points for the extinction coefficients of our photometric filters, we investigated the impact of stellar parameters such as temperature, surface gravity, and metallicity on the extinction properties and the necessary corrections in different bandpasses. Using both synthetic ATLAS9 spectra and observed spectral energy distributions, we found similarly sized effects for the range of temperature and surface gravity typical of globular cluster stars: each causes a change of about 3% in the necessary correction factor for each filter combination. Interestingly, variations in the metallicity cause effects of the same order when the assumed value is changed from the solar metallicity ([Fe/H] = 0.0) to [Fe/H] = -2.5. The systematic differences between the reddening corrections for a typical main-sequence turnoff star in a metal poor globular cluster and a Vega-like star are even stronger ({approx}5%). We compared the results from synthetic spectra to those obtained with observed spectral energy distributions and found significant differences for temperatures lower than {approx}5000 K. We have attributed these discrepancies to the inadequate treatment of some molecular bands in the B filter within the ATLAS9 models. Fortunately, these differences do not affect the principal astrophysical conclusions in this study, which are based on stars hotter than 5000 K. From our calculations, we provide extinction zero points for Johnson-Cousins and Two Micron All Sky Survey filters, spanning a wide range of stellar parameters and dust types. These extinction tables are suited for accurate, object-specific extinction corrections.

  9. Law, Logic and Language in Legal Computer Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Eugenia

    Law, Logic and Language in Legal Computer Science Michael Heather School of Law University of Northumbria at Newcastle, NE1 8ST, UK B.Nick Rossiter Computing Science Newcastle University, NE1 7RU B.N.Rossiter@ncl.ac.uk November 1995 Abstract Legal computer science requires a theoretical basis which can be realized

  10. New approximate radial wave functions for power-law potentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vladimir Kudryashov

    2007-09-26

    Radial wave functions for power-law potentials are approximated with the help of power-law substitution and explicit summation of the leading constituent WKB series. Our approach reproduces the correct behavior of the wave functions at the origin, at the turning points and far away from the turning points

  11. Law, Technology and Development Opportunities and Challenges in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strathclyde, University of

    Strathclyde Law School "The Politics of Biotechnology Regulation ­ Perceptions of morality, trade, and EU-China and Politics in RiskRegulation of GMOs: A Comparison between the EU and China" 2:45 ­ 3:15 Coffee Break 3Law, Technology and Development Opportunities and Challenges in EU-China Relations 11 November 2014

  12. LLM/DIPLOMA EMPLOYMENT LAW MAIN CAMPUS, UNIVERSITY OF LEICESTER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banaji,. Murad

    LLM/DIPLOMA EMPLOYMENT LAW MAIN CAMPUS, UNIVERSITY OF LEICESTER 26 ­ 28 September 2014 Induction Floor, Charles Wilson Building on Main Campus, University of Leicester 9.30 ­ 10.15 Registration not attend the Foundation Day) #12;LLM/DIPLOMA EMPLOYMENT LAW MAIN CAMPUS, UNIVERSITY OF LEICESTER 26 ­ 28

  13. New Guatemala law tries to attract new explorers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1984-02-01

    With only 6,280 bopd of production and reserves of only 13 million barrels, Guatemala's 25,200 bpd thirst has forced the country to rewrite its petroleum law. Among pluses in the new law are full-cost recovery and prices based on world levels. However, the stiff royalty and no provision for neutral arbitration are significant minuses.

  14. Characterizing Law of Demand Violations for Separable Utility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexandrova, Ivana

    Characterizing Law of Demand Violations for Separable Utility Yakar Kannai1 and Larry Selden2 1 formulated in terms of utility functions representing un- derlying preferences generating the demand. However, relatively few explicit classes of utility functions have been proposed for which the Law of Demand fails

  15. Carnot Engines, Efficiency, and The Second Law Chemistry 213

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ronis, David M.

    Carnot Engines, Efficiency, and The Second Law Chemistry 213 Fig. 1. The Carnot Cycle The Carnot in an isolated system) and the physical statements of the Second Law of Thermodynamics (heat spontaneously flows in the isothermal and adiabatic parts of the Carnot cycle for an ideal gas. 1. Energy in an Ideal Gas: Joule

  16. Entanglement theory and the second law of thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    ARTICLES Entanglement theory and the second law of thermodynamics FERNANDO G. S. L. BRAND~AO1 aim to draw from them formal analogies to the second law of thermodynamics; however, whereas relationship with thermodynamics may be established when considering all non-entangling transformations

  17. Conservation laws in gravitational theories with general nonminimal coupling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuri N. Obukhov; Dirk Puetzfeld

    2013-04-18

    We use the Lagrange-Noether methods to derive the conservation laws for models in which matter interacts nonminimally with the gravitational field. The nonminimal coupling function can depend arbitrarily on the gravitational field strength. The obtained result generalizes earlier findings. The generalized conservation laws provide the basis for the derivation of the equations of motion for the nonminimally coupled test bodies.

  18. Relic gravitational waves and the generalized second law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    German Izquierdo; Diego Pavon

    2005-01-12

    The generalized second law of gravitational thermodynamics is applied to the present era of accelerated expansion of the Universe. In spite of the fact that the entropy of matter and relic gravitational waves inside the event horizon diminish, the mentioned law is fulfilled provided that the expression for the entropy density of the gravitational waves satisfies a certain condition.

  19. PUSH PULL MIGRATION LAWS x Guido Dorigo* and Waldo Tobler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tobler, Waldo

    PUSH PULL MIGRATION LAWS x Guido Dorigo* and Waldo Tobler Abstract:Themathematicsofapush-pullmodelareshowntoincorporatemanyofRavenstein's laws of migration, to be equivalent to a quadratic transportation problem, and to be related, Helmholz equation, migration theory, quadratic pro- gramming, spatial interaction. It is now approximately

  20. Law and Society in Saint Domingue, 1789-1805 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polk, Katelyn Brune

    2013-09-29

    , we will explore bigger themes such as the social and political effects of these boundaries on free people of color who resided in these areas. We intend to frame our research by addressing the relationship between law and society. French law (and...

  1. HYPERBOLIC BALANCE LAWS: RIEMANN INVARIANTS AND THE GENERALIZED RIEMANN PROBLEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HYPERBOLIC BALANCE LAWS: RIEMANN INVARIANTS AND THE GENERALIZED RIEMANN PROBLEM MATANIA BEN-ARTZI AND JIEQUAN LI Abstract. The Generalized Riemann Problem (GRP) for nonlinear hyperbolic system of m balance-resolution) generalization of the Godunov scheme. Key words: Hyperbolic balance laws, Generalized Riemann problem (GRP

  2. Energy Scaling Laws for Distributed Inference in Random Fusion Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yukich, Joseph E.

    1 Energy Scaling Laws for Distributed Inference in Random Fusion Networks Animashree Anandkumar Abstract--The energy scaling laws of multihop data fusion networks for distributed inference are considered. The fusion network consists of randomly located sensors distributed i.i.d. according to a general spatial

  3. Chicago-Kent College of Law 565 W. Adams St.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and Policy is a collaboration among Chicago-Kent public policy experts and IIT technology experts. The Center-Degree Programs J.D./LL.M. in Family Law J.D./LL.M. in Financial Services Law J.D./LL.M. in Taxation With Stuart innovation and creativity. Center for Information, Society, and Policy The Center for Information, Society

  4. Memorandum, Protective Force Law Enforcement Authority- May 1, 2009

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Investigation allegations that contractor procetive force personnel at a DOE site exceeded their legistative ,regulatory, and policy-based authority by providing on-duty, armed off-site assistance to local law enforcement authorites during other than recapture/recovery operations, and by accessing the local law enforcement database for background checks during the course of on-site administrative traffic stops.

  5. Applications of the DFLU flux to systems of conservation laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adimurthi, Adimurthi; Jaffré, Jérôme

    2009-01-01

    The DFLU numerical flux was introduced in order to solve hyperbolic scalar conservation laws with a flux function discontinuous in space. We show how this flux can be used to solve systems of conservation laws. The obtained numerical flux is very close to a Godunov flux. As an example we consider a system modeling polymer flooding in oil reservoir engineering.

  6. Law and Society in Saint Domingue, 1789-1805 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dawson, Brandon

    2013-09-29

    .............................................................................................3 General Topic.…………………………………………………………………3 Questions……………………………………………………………………....4 Sources……………………………………………………………………...…4 General Argument……………………………..……………….…………...…4 Chapter Overview……………………………………………………………..5 II THE LIBERAL REVOLUTION..., those with sufficient means circumvented these regulations, creating a gap between what laws prescribed and lived experience. This era demonstrates a complex and often inconsistent relationship between law and society. Exploring these inconsistencies...

  7. Department of Geography By-Laws 2007 Department of Geography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McQuade, D. Tyler

    Department of Geography By-Laws 2007 1 By-Laws Department of Geography Florida State University 2017 unless reviewed and approved by a majority of faculty The mission of the Department of Geography in geography and related disciplines; and to be available as a public service to the local community. These by

  8. Extending Newton's Law from Nonlocal-in-Time Kinetic Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Extending Newton's Law from Nonlocal-in-Time Kinetic Energy J.A.K. Suykens K.U. Leuven, ESAT: nonlocal-in-time kinetic energy, higher order Euler-Lagrange equation, Newton's sec- ond law of motion the kinetic energy with a form of nonlocal-in-time kinetic energy. It leads to a hypothetical extension

  9. Anisotropic Dark Energy and the Generalized Second Law of Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Sharif; Farida Khanum

    2011-11-12

    We consider a Bianchi type $I$ model in which anisotropic dark energy is interacting with dark matter and anisotropic radiation. With this scenario, we investigate the validity of the generalized second law of thermodynamics. It is concluded that the validity of this law depends on different parameters like shear, skewness and equation of state.

  10. Health, Law & Justice Justice Brandeis Semester Summer 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snider, Barry B.

    Health, Law & Justice Justice Brandeis Semester ­ Summer 2015 Instructors: Sarah Elisabeth Curi, JD on Tuesdays and Thursdays Outline of Course Syllabus - subject to revision Health, Law & Justice curious to learn more about health care in the U.S. This JBS merges two highly participatory seminars

  11. Power-law connections: From Zipf to Heaps and beyond

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eliazar, Iddo I.; Cohen, Morrel H.

    2013-05-15

    In this paper we explore the asymptotic statistics of a general model of rank distributions in the large-ensemble limit; the construction of the general model is motivated by recent empirical studies of rank distributions. Applying Lorenzian, oligarchic, and Heapsian asymptotic analyses we establish a comprehensive set of closed-form results linking together rank distributions, probability distributions, oligarchy sizes, and innovation rates. In particular, the general results reveal the fundamental underlying connections between Zipf’s law, Pareto’s law, and Heaps’ law—three elemental empirical power-laws that are ubiquitously observed in the sciences. -- Highlights: ? The large-ensemble asymptotic statistics of rank distributions are explored. ? Lorenzian, oligarchic, and Heapsian asymptotic analyses are applied. ? Associated oligarchy sizes and induced innovation rates are analyzed. ? General elemental statistical connections are established. ? The underlying connections between Zipf’s, Pareto’s and Heaps’ laws are unveiled.

  12. Distortion of power law blinking with binning and thresholding

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Amecke, Nicole; Heber, André; Cichos, Frank, E-mail: cichos@physik.uni-leipzig.de [Molecular Nanophotonics Group, Institute of Experimental Physics I, Universität Leipzig, Linnéstraße 5, 04103 Leipzig (Germany)] [Molecular Nanophotonics Group, Institute of Experimental Physics I, Universität Leipzig, Linnéstraße 5, 04103 Leipzig (Germany)

    2014-03-21

    Fluorescence intermittency is a random switching between emitting (on) and non-emitting (off) periods found for many single chromophores such as semiconductor quantum dots and organic molecules. The statistics of the duration of on- and off-periods are commonly determined by thresholding the emission time trace of a single chromophore and appear to be power law distributed. Here we test with the help of simulations if the experimentally determined power law distributions can actually reflect the underlying statistics. We find that with the experimentally limited time resolution real power law statistics with exponents ?{sub on/off} ? 1.6, especially if ?{sub on} ? ?{sub off} would not be observed as such in the experimental data after binning and thresholding. Instead, a power law appearance could simply be obtained from the continuous distribution of intermediate intensity levels. This challenges much of the obtained data and the models describing the so-called power law blinking.

  13. A Kinematic Conservation Law in Free Surface Flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sergey Gavrilyuk; Henrik Kalisch; Zahra Khorsand

    2014-10-24

    The Green-Naghdi system is used to model highly nonlinear weakly dispersive waves propagating at the surface of a shallow layer of a perfect fluid. The system has three associated conservation laws which describe the conservation of mass, momentum, and energy due to the surface wave motion. In addition, the system features a fourth conservation law which is the main focus of this note. It is shown how this fourth conservation law can be interpreted in terms of a concrete kinematic quantity connected to the evolution of the tangent velocity at the free surface. The equation for the tangent velocity is first derived for the full Euler equations in both two and three dimensional flows, and in both cases, it gives rise to an approximate balance law in the Green-Naghdi theory which turns out to be identical to the fourth conservation law for this system.

  14. Determining the extragalactic extinction law with SALT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ido Finkelman; Noah Brosch; Alexei Y. Kniazev; David Buckley; Darragh O'Donoghue; Yas Hashimoto; Nicola Loaring; Encarni Romero; Martin Still; Petri Vaisanen

    2008-08-05

    We present CCD imaging observations of early-type galaxies with dark lanes obtained with the Southern African Large Telescope (SALT) during its performance-verification phase. We derive the extinction law by the extragalactic dust in the dark lanes in the spectral range 1.11mu m^{-1} < lambda^{-1} < 2.94 mu m^{-1} by fitting model galaxies to the unextinguished parts of the image, and subtracting from these the actual images. We find that the extinction curves run parallel to the Galactic extinction curve, which implies that the properties of dust in the extragalactic enviroment are similar to those of the Milky Way. The ratio of the total V band extinction to the selective extinction between the V and B bands is derived for each galaxy with an average of 2.82+-0.38, compared to a canonical value of 3.1 for the Milky Way. The similar values imply that galaxies with well-defined dark lanes have characteristic dust grain sizes similar to those of Galactic dust.

  15. An Unbroken Axial Vector Current Conservation Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rasulkhozha S. Sharafiddinov

    2015-05-28

    The mass, energy and momentum of the neutrino of a true flavor have an axial-vector nature. As a consequence, the left-handed truly neutral neutrino in an axial-vector field of emission can be converted into a right-handed one and vice versa. This predicts the unidenticality of masses, energies and momenta of neutrinos of the different components. Recognizing such a difference in masses, energies, momenta and accepting that the left-handed axial-vector neutrino and the right-handed antineutrino of true neutrality refer to long-lived C-odd leptons, and the right-handed truly neutral neutrino and the left-handed axial-vector antineutrino are of short-lived fermions of C-oddity, we would write a new CP-even Dirac equation taking into account the flavor symmetrical axial-vector mass, energy and momentum matrices. Their presence explains the spontaneous mirror symmetry violation, confirming that an axial-vector current conservation law has never violated. They reflect the availability of a mirror Minkowski space in which a neutrino is characterized by left as well as by right space-time coordinates. Therefore, it is not surprising that whatever the main purposes experiments about a quasielastic axial-vector mass say in favor of an axial-vector mirror Minkowski space-time.

  16. An Unbroken Axial Vector Current Conservation Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharafiddinov, Rasulkhozha S

    2015-01-01

    The mass, energy and momentum of the neutrino of a true flavor have an axial-vector nature. As a consequence, the left-handed truly neutral neutrino in an axial-vector field of emission can be converted into a right-handed one and vice versa. This predicts the unidenticality of masses, energies and momenta of neutrinos of the different components. Recognizing such a difference in masses, energies, momenta and accepting that the left-handed axial-vector neutrino and the right-handed antineutrino of true neutrality refer to long-lived C-odd leptons, and the right-handed truly neutral neutrino and the left-handed axial-vector antineutrino are of short-lived fermions of C-oddity, we would write a new CP-even Dirac equation taking into account the flavor symmetrical axial-vector mass, energy and momentum matrices. Their presence explains the spontaneous mirror symmetry violation, confirming that an axial-vector current conservation law has never violated. They reflect the availability of a mirror Minkowski space i...

  17. From Key Numbers to Keywords: How Automation Has Transformed the Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanson, F. Allan

    2002-01-01

    HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 563 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 564 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 565 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 566 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 567 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 568 2002 Hein...Online -- 94 Law Libr. J. 569 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 570 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 571 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 572 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 573 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 574 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J...

  18. OGEL (Oil, Gas & Energy Law Intelligence): Focussing on recent developments in the area of oil-gas-energy law,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dixon, Juan

    About OGEL OGEL (Oil, Gas & Energy Law Intelligence): Focussing on recent developments in the area of oil-gas-energy law, regulation, treaties, judicial and arbitral cases, voluntary guidelines, tax and contracting, including the oil-gas- energy geopolitics. For full Terms & Conditions and subscription rates

  19. Module No: 410318Social Security LawModule Title: Co-requisite:Labor LawPre-requisite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Module No: 410318Social Security LawModule Title: Co-requisite:Labor LawPre-requisite: Module Type: specialization required electiveModule level: Third year Evening StudyDaytime StudyCredit Hours: 3 Credit Hours Instructor Name E-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Module coordinator S

  20. Module No: 410237History of LawModule Title: Co-requisite:Introduction to LawPre-requisite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Module No: 410237History of LawModule Title: Co-requisite:Introduction to LawPre-requisite: Module Type: specialization required electiveModule level: Second year Evening StudyDaytime StudyCredit Hours Phone Academic rank Instructor Name E-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Module coordinator

  1. Module No: 420464Local Administration LawModule Title: Co-requisite:Administration Law (2)Pre-requisite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Module No: 420464Local Administration LawModule Title: Co-requisite:Administration Law (2)Pre-requisite: Module Type: specialization elective requirementModule level: Fourth year Evening StudyDaytime Study Office Phone Academic rank Instructor Name E-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Module

  2. Module No: 420242Public International Law 2Module Title: Co-requisite:public international law 1Pre-requisite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Module No: 420242Public International Law 2Module Title: Co-requisite:public international law 1Pre-requisite: Module Type: specialization requirementModule level: Second year Evening StudyDaytime StudyCredit Hours Phone Academic rank Instructor Name E-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Module coordinator

  3. Module No: 410492Evidence and Procedural LawModule Title: Co-requisite:Law of Civil ProceduresPre-requisite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Module No: 410492Evidence and Procedural LawModule Title: Co-requisite:Law of Civil ProceduresPre-requisite: Module Type: Department prerequisiteModule level: Fourth year Evening StudyDaytime StudyCredit Hours: 3 Academic rank Instructor Name E-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Module coordinator E

  4. Kepler's Laws of Planetary Motion Charles Byrne (Charles Byrne@uml.edu)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Byrne, Charles

    's law of universal gravitation. 1 Preliminaries Kepler worked from 1601 to 1612 in Prague of universal gravitation.Although the second law preceded the first, Kepler's Laws are usually enumerated evidence for Newton's law of universal gravitation. How Kepler discovered these laws without the aid

  5. LEXSEE 16 BERKELEY TECH L J 1 Copyright (c) 2001 Berkeley Technology Law Journal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Page 1 LEXSEE 16 BERKELEY TECH L J 1 Copyright (c) 2001 Berkeley Technology Law Journal Berkeley Technology Law Journal 2001 16 Berkeley Tech. L.J. 1 LENGTH: 3937 words ANNUAL REVIEW OF LAW AND TECHNOLOGY Law Journal; J.D. candidate, 2001, Boalt Hall School of Law, University of California, Berkeley; Ph

  6. M. Bahrami ENSC 388 (F09) 2nd Law of Thermodynamics 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    M. Bahrami ENSC 388 (F09) 2nd Law of Thermodynamics 1 The Second Law of Thermodynamics The second law of thermodynamics asserts that processes occur it satisfies both the first and the second laws of thermodynamics. The second law also asserts that energy

  7. Power law violation of the area law in quantum spin chains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramis Movassagh; Peter W. Shor

    2014-10-03

    The sub-volume scaling of the entanglement entropy with the system's size, $n$, has been a subject of vigorous study in the last decade [1]. The area law provably holds for gapped one dimensional systems [2] and it was believed to be violated by at most a factor of $\\log\\left(n\\right)$ in physically reasonable models such as critical systems. In this paper, we generalize the spin$-1$ model of Bravyi et al [3] to all integer spin-$s$ chains, whereby we introduce a class of exactly solvable models that are physical and exhibit signatures of criticality, yet violate the area law by a power law. The proposed Hamiltonian is local and translationally invariant in the bulk. We prove that it is frustration free and has a unique ground state. Moreover, we prove that the energy gap scales as $n^{-c}$, where using the theory of Brownian excursions, we prove $c\\ge2$. This rules out the possibility of these models being described by a conformal field theory. We analytically show that the Schmidt rank grows exponentially with $n$ and that the half-chain entanglement entropy to the leading order scales as $\\sqrt{n}$ (Eq. 16). Geometrically, the ground state is seen as a uniform superposition of all $s-$colored Motzkin walks. Lastly, we introduce an external field which allows us to remove the boundary terms yet retain the desired properties of the model. Our techniques for obtaining the asymptotic form of the entanglement entropy, the gap upper bound and the self-contained expositions of the combinatorial techniques, more akin to lattice paths, may be of independent interest.

  8. A Unifying Theory for Scaling Laws of Human Populations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Henry W

    2015-01-01

    The spatial distribution of people exhibits clustering across a wide range of scales, from household (~$10^{-2}$ km) to continental (~$10^4$ km) scales. Empirical data indicates simple power-law scalings for the size distribution of cities (known as Zipf's law), the geographic distribution of friends, and the population density fluctuations as a function of scale. We derive a simple statistical model that explains all of these scaling laws based on a single unifying principle involving the random spatial growth of clusters of people on all scales. The model makes important new predictions for the spread of diseases and other social phenomena.

  9. A mechanical model for Fourier's law of heat conduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Ruelle

    2011-02-27

    Nonequilibrium statistical mechanics close to equilibrium is a physically satisfactory theory centered on the linear response formula of Green-Kubo. This formula results from a formal first order perturbation calculation without rigorous justification. A rigorous derivation of Fourier's law for heat conduction from the laws of mechanics remains thus a major unsolved problem. In this note we present a deterministic mechanical model of a heat-conducting chain with nontrivial interactions, where kinetic energy fluctuations at the nodes of the chain are removed. In this model the derivation of Fourier's law can proceed rigorously.

  10. The Fight Against the Second Law of Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jorge Berger

    1997-01-15

    After presenting possible motives for fighting against the second law of thermodynamics, several attempts to beat this law are analyzed. The second law wins, but an interesting interpretation of it emerges. This interpretation uses the notion of ``encoded order'' and claims that whether a system is or is not in thermodynamic equilibrium depends on the coordinates which the observer decides to measure. This interpretation may not be new, but most present day physicists seem to be unaware of it. The question of subjectivity of entropy and the connection between the present interpretation and ``algorithmic randomness'' are addressed. Key words: Maxwell's demon, perpetuum mobile, subjectivity, entropy, H-theorem, randomness, complexity, information.

  11. How Does Law Matter to Social Movements? A Case Study of Gay Activism in Singapore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chua, Lynette Janice

    2011-01-01

    David M. 1998. “How Does Law Matter in the Constitution ofG. , and Austin Sarat. 1998. How Does Law Matter? Evanston:Chicago Press. ------ 1998. “How Does Law Matter for Social

  12. Overturning of Michael M.: Statutory Rape Law becomes Gender-Neutral in California, The

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Susannah

    1994-01-01

    OF MICHAEL M. : STATUTORY RAPE LAW BECOMES GENDER-NEUTRAL INI. TIlE DEVELOPMENT OF CALIFORNIA'S STATUTORY RAPE LAW A.History American statutory rape law draws its origins from

  13. "Law As . . .": Theory and Practice in Legal History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrett, Jeffrey A.

    arguments Orren would elaborate in her book Belated Feudalism.2 The metaphysics in Orren's title were those & Andrew J. King eds., 1992). 2. KAREN ORREN, BELATED FEUDALISM: LABOR, THE LAW, AND LIBERAL DEVELOPMENT

  14. Conservation laws. Generation of physical fields. Principles of field theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. I. Petrova

    2007-04-19

    In the paper the role of conservation laws in evolutionary processes, which proceed in material systems (in material media) and lead to generation of physical fields, is shown using skew-symmetric differential forms. In present paper the skew-symmetric differential forms on deforming (nondifferentiable) manifolds were used in addition to exterior forms, which have differentiable manifolds as a basis. Such skew-symmetric forms (which were named evolutionary ones since they possess evolutionary properties), as well as the closed exterior forms, describe the conservation laws. But in contrast to exterior forms, which describe conservation laws for physical fields, the evolutionary forms correspond to conservation laws for material systems. The evolutionary forms possess an unique peculiarity, namely, the closed exterior forms are obtained from these forms. It is just this that enables one to describe the process of generation of physical fields, to disclose connection between physical fields and material systems and to resolve many problems of existing field theories.

  15. Power Law Discounting for N-Gram Language Models 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Songfang; Renals, Steve

    2010-01-01

    We present an approximation to the Bayesian hierarchical Pitman-Yor process language model which maintains the power law distribution over word tokens, while not requiring a computationally expensive approximate inference process. This approximation...

  16. Louisiana Solid Waste Management and Resource Recovery Law (Louisiana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality manages solid waste for the state of Louisiana under the authority of the Solid Waste Management and Resource Recover Law. The Department makes...

  17. Survey of Trends in Search and Seizure Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tonkovich, Emil A.

    1987-01-01

    This article surveys significant trends in search and seizure law. Recent United States Supreme Court decisions are reviewed. The scope of this survey is limited to the following four areas: (1) fourth amendment protected interests; (2) the probable...

  18. The Role of Patent Law in Knowledge Codification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burk, DL

    2008-01-01

    Lemley, Policy Levers in Patent Law, 89 VA. L. REV. 1575 (Rational Ignorance at the Patent Office, 95 Nw. U. L.Mark A. Lemley, Reconceiving Patents in the Age of Venture

  19. Welcoming the Outsider: Local Construction of the Law towards Immigrants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Linda M.

    2013-08-31

    This dissertation examines the local construction of law on the street regarding immigrants. Local agencies play a key role in immigration enforcement and in providing services to immigrants. They are increasingly the face ...

  20. Building on Clues: Methods to Help State and Local Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McShea, Daniel W.

    and Characterize Terrorist Activity Project Leads John Hollywood, PhD, RTI International Kevin Strom, PhD, RTI International Mark Pope, MS, RTI International Statement of Problem State and local law enforcement agencies

  1. HRM 501 Law and Regulation in Human Resource Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diestel, Geoff

    HRM 501 Law and Regulation in Human Resource Management Syllabus Version (3f) (Jan 11) COURSE learning skills, and a general understanding of problems faced by business managers. #12;HRM 501 Syllabus 2

  2. HRM 501 Law and Regulation in Human Resource Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diestel, Geoff

    HRM 501 Law and Regulation in Human Resource Management Syllabus Version (3e) (Aug 10) COURSE learning skills, and a general understanding of problems faced by business managers. #12;HRM 501 Syllabus 2

  3. The Effects of Moore's Law and Slacking on Large Computations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C Gottbrath; J Bailin; C Meakin; T Thompson; J. J. Charfman

    1999-12-09

    We show that, in the context of Moore's Law, overall productivity can be increased for large enough computations by `slacking' or waiting for some period of time before purchasing a computer and beginning the calculation.

  4. Banishment By a Thousand Laws: Residency Restrictions on Sex Offenders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yung, Corey Rayburn

    2007-01-01

    Across America, states, localities, and private communities are debating and implementing laws to limit the places of residence of convicted sex offenders. Twenty states and hundreds, if not thousands, of local communities have adopted statutes...

  5. Preliminary Investigation of Sulfur Loading in Hanford LAW Glass

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vienna, John D.; Hrma, Pavel R.; Buchmiller, William C.; Ricklefs, Joel S.

    2004-04-01

    A preliminary estimate was developed for loading limits for high-sulfur low-activity waste (LAW) feeds that will be vitrified into borosilicate glass at the Hanford Site in the waste-cleanup effort. Previous studies reported in the literature were consulted to provide a basis for the estimate. The examination of previous studies led to questions about sulfur loading in Hanford LAW glass, and scoping tests were performed to help answer these questions. These results of these tests indicated that a formulation approach developed by Vienna and colleagues shows promise for maximizing LAW loading in glass. However, there is a clear need for follow-on work. The potential for significantly lowering the amount of LAW glass produced at Hanford (after the initial phase of processing) because of higher sulfur tolerances may outweigh the cost and effort required to perform the necessary testing.

  6. APPLICATION FOR ADMISSION The Graduate Program in Family Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    APPLICATION FOR ADMISSION The Graduate Program in Family Law STUDY TO BEGIN: [ ] Fall 20____ (year: _______________________________________________ (_____)____-__________ Institution or Company Fax ________________________________________________________________________ Street details on a separate sheet. FAMILY HISTORY 12. Has any member of your family attended Chicago

  7. Title 1 General Provisions Chapter 5 Common Law; General Rights...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Title 1 General Provisions Chapter 5 Common Law; General Rights 3 V.S.A. Section 2809 Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document-...

  8. First law energy balance as a data screening tool 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shao, Xiaojie

    2006-08-16

    This thesis defines the Energy Balance Load ( BL E ) as the difference between the heating requirements plus the electric gains in the building and the cooling coil loads. It then applies a first law energy balance in ...

  9. Amdahl's reliability law: A simple quantification of the weakest-link phenomenon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parhami, B

    2015-01-01

    to Amdahl’s Law for Energy,” Com- puter ArchitectureExtend- ing Amdahl’s Law for Energy-­ Efficient Computing in

  10. Tolman's law in linear irreversible thermodynamics: a kinetic theory approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Sandoval-Villalbazo; A. L. Garcia-Perciante; D. Brun-Battistini

    2012-07-10

    In this paper it is shown that Tolman's law can be derived from relativistic kinetic theory applied to a simple fluid in a BGK-like approximation. Using this framework, it becomes clear that the contribution of the gravitational field can be viewed as a cross effect that resembles the so-called \\emph{Thomson effect} in irreversible thermodynamics. A proper generalization of Tolman's law in an inhomogeneous medium is formally established based on these grounds.

  11. The evolution of the power law k-essence cosmology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rong-Jia Yang; Bohai Chen; Jun Li; Jingzhao Qi

    2015-03-22

    We investigate the evolution of the power law k-essence field in FRWL spacetime. The autonomous dynamical system and critical points are obtained. The corresponding cosmological parameters, such as $\\Omega _{\\phi }$ and $w_{\\phi }$, are calculated at these critical points. We find it is possible to achieve an equation of state crossing through $-1$ for k-essence field. The results we obtained indicate that the power law k-essence dark energy model can be compatible with observations.

  12. The generalized second law and the emergent universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diego Pavón; Sergio del Campo; Ramón Herrera

    2012-12-31

    We explore whether the generalized second law of thermodynamics is fulfilled in the transition from a generic initial Einstein static phase to the inflationary phase, with constant Hubble rate, and from the end of the latter to the conventional thermal radiation dominated era of expansion. As it turns out, the said law is satisfied provided the radiation component does not contribute largely to the total energy of the static phase.

  13. The generalized second law in the emergent universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sergio del Campo; Ramon Herrera; Diego Pavon

    2011-12-07

    This paper studies whether the generalized second law of thermodynamics is fulfilled in the transition from a generic initial Einstein static phase to the inflationary phase, with constant Hubble rate, and from the end of the latter to the conventional era of thermal radiation dominated expansion. As it turns out, the said law is satisfied provided the radiation component does not largely contribute to the total energy of the static phase.

  14. Analysis of self-similar solutions of multidimensional conservation laws

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keyfitz, Barbara

    2014-02-15

    This project focused on analysis of multidimensional conservation laws, specifically on extensions to the study of self-siminar solutions, a project initiated by the PI. In addition, progress was made on an approach to studying conservation laws of very low regularity; in this research, the context was a novel problem in chromatography. Two graduate students in mathematics were supported during the grant period, and have almost completed their thesis research.

  15. Power Law Corrections to BTZ Black Hole Entropy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dharm Veer Singh

    2014-11-14

    We study the quantum scalar field in the background of BTZ black hole and evaluate the entanglement entropy of the non-vacuum states. The entropy is proportional to the area of event horizon for the ground state, but the area law is violated in the case of non-vacuum states (first excited state and mixed states) and the corrections scale as power law.

  16. Dynamical Horizons: Energy, Angular Momentum, Fluxes and Balance Laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abhay Ashtekar; Badri Krishnan

    2002-11-03

    Dynamical horizons are considered in full, non-linear general relativity. Expressions of fluxes of energy and angular momentum carried by gravitational waves across these horizons are obtained. Fluxes are local, the energy flux is positive and change in the horizon area is related to these fluxes. The flux formulae also give rise to balance laws analogous to the ones obtained by Bondi and Sachs at null infinity and provide generalizations of the first and second laws of black hole mechanics.

  17. A New Polyethylene Scattering Law Determined Using Inelastic Neutron Scattering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lavelle, Christopher M [ORNL; Liu, C [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Stone, Matthew B [ORNL

    2013-01-01

    Monte Carlo neutron transport codes such as MCNP rely on accurate data for nuclear physics cross-sections to produce accurate results. At low energy, this takes the form of scattering laws based on the dynamic structure factor, S (Q, E). High density polyethylene (HDPE) is frequently employed as a neutron moderator at both high and low temperatures, however the only cross-sections available are for T =300 K, and the evaluation has not been updated in quite some time. In this paper we describe inelastic neutron scattering measurements on HDPE at 5 and 300 K which are used to improve the scattering law for HDPE. We describe the experimental methods, review some of the past HDPE scattering laws, and compare computations using these models to the measured S (Q, E). The total cross-section is compared to available data, and the treatment of the carbon secondary scatterer as a free gas is assessed. We also discuss the use of the measurement itself as a scattering law via the 1 phonon approximation. We show that a scattering law computed using a more detailed model for the Generalized Density of States (GDOS) compares more favorably to this experiment, suggesting that inelastic neutron scattering can play an important role in both the development and validation of new scattering laws for Monte Carlo work.

  18. CHEMISTRY 223: Introductory Physical Chemistry I. Kinetics 1: Gas laws, kinetic theory of collisions. Thermodynamics: Zeroth law of thermodynamics. First law of thermodynamics, heat capacity,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ronis, David M.

    CHEMISTRY 223: Introductory Physical Chemistry I. Kinetics 1: Gas laws, kinetic theory or are taking CHEM 203 or CHEM 204. Note: Chemistry Honours and Majors must take CHEM 223 and CHEM 253 edition (Pearson Education, Inc., 2013). J.R. Barrante, Applied Mathematics for Physical Chemistry, 3rd

  19. Chemical Potential in the First Law for Holographic Entanglement Entropy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Kastor; Sourya Ray; Jennie Traschen

    2014-09-16

    Entanglement entropy in conformal field theories is known to satisfy a first law. For spherical entangling surfaces, this has been shown to follow via the AdS/CFT correspondence and the holographic prescription for entanglement entropy from the bulk first law for Killing horizons. The bulk first law can be extended to include variations in the cosmological constant $\\Lambda$, which we established in earlier work. Here we show that this implies an extension of the boundary first law to include varying the number of degrees of freedom of the boundary CFT. The thermodynamic potential conjugate to $\\Lambda$ in the bulk is called the thermodynamic volume and has a simple geometric formula. In the boundary first law it plays the role of a chemical potential. For the bulk minimal surface $\\Sigma$ corresponding to a boundary sphere, the thermodynamic volume is found to be proportional to the area of $\\Sigma$, in agreement with the variation of the known result for entanglement entropy of spheres. The dependence of the CFT chemical potential on the entanglement entropy and number of degrees of freedom is similar to how the thermodynamic chemical potential of an ideal gas depends on entropy and particle number.

  20. Systematic comparison of trip distribution laws and models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lenormand, Maxime; Ramasco, José J

    2015-01-01

    Trip distribution laws are basic for the travel demand characterization needed in transport and urban planning. Several approaches have been considered in the last years. One of them is the so-called gravity law, in which the number of trips is assumed to be related to the population at origin and destination and to decrease with the distance. The mathematical expression of this law resembles Newton's law of gravity, which explains its name. Another popular approach is inspired by the theory of intervening opportunities and it has been concreted into the so-called radiation models. Individuals are supposed to travel until they find a job opportunity, so the population and jobs spatial distributions naturally lead to a trip flow network. In this paper, we perform a thorough comparison between the gravity and the radiation approaches in their ability at estimating commuting flows. We test the gravity and the radiation laws against empirical trip data at different scales and coming from different countries. Diff...

  1. The importance of domestic law to international arms control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lehman, R.F. II

    1993-11-01

    Studies of arms control and disarmament tend to focus on political, military, and diplomatic processes. Recently, in the context of the conversion of defense activities to civilian use, the economic aspects of arms control have also received renewed interest. The legal dimension, however, is in need of fresh examination. Both international and domestic law are sailing increasingly in uncharted waters. Recent arms control agreements and related developments in international peacekeeping have expanded the scope of international law and altered how one perceives certain fundamentals, including the principle of national sovereignty. Still, the nation state is largely unchallenged as the primary actor in international affairs. National governments retain near absolute sovereign rights and responsibilities even in an age of trans-national economic integration and codified international norms for human rights, freedom of the press, and the peaceful resolution of disputes. Indeed, the role of domestic law in arms control and disarmament may be more significant now than ever before. A brief review of relationships between arms control and domestic law should illustrate ways in which ones thinking has been underestimating the importance of domestic law. Hopefully, this survey will set the stage properly for the excellent, more detailed case studies by Elinor Hammarskjold and Alan Crawford. Toward that end, this paper will highlight a number of more general, and sometimes provocative, themes. These themes should be kept in mind when those two complementary presentations are considered.

  2. LLM/PgDip/PgCert CLIMATE CHANGE LAW and POLICY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strathclyde, University of

    . Altering the way in which our global economy functions is fundamental to this change. Governing individual for Environmental Law and Governance www.strath.ac.uk/scelg The LLM in Climate Change Law and Policy is offered by the Law School through its Strathclyde Centre for Environmental Law and Governance. The latter operates

  3. LEXSEE 19 BERKELEY TECH L J 1 Copyright (c) 2004 Berkeley Technology Law Journal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Page 1 LEXSEE 19 BERKELEY TECH L J 1 Copyright (c) 2004 Berkeley Technology Law Journal Berkeley Technology Law Journal 2004 19 Berkeley Tech. L.J. 1 LENGTH: 8383 words FOREWORD: The Rise of Internet Berkeley Technology Law Journal & Berkeley Center for Law and Technology. + Senior Annual Review Editor

  4. Decoupled energy-law preserving numerical schemes for the Cahn-Hilliard-Darcy system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Decoupled energy-law preserving numerical schemes for the Cahn-Hilliard-Darcy system Daozhi Han novel decoupled energy-law preserving numerical schemes for solving the Cahn- Hilliard-Darcy (CHD a discrete energy law with a time- step constraint, while the second scheme satisfies an energy law without

  5. I: Maxwell's equations with Ohm's law. II: Polynomial energy decay. Polynomial decay rate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phung, Kim-dang.- Le Laboratoire de Mathématiques

    I: Maxwell's equations with Ohm's law. II: Polynomial energy decay. Polynomial decay rate: Maxwell's equations with Ohm's law. II: Polynomial energy decay. Maxwell's equation with Ohm's law Let@ = 0 2 L1 ( ) and 0 take "o = o = 1 #12;I: Maxwell's equations with Ohm's law. II: Polynomial energy

  6. Study questions: Energy & Environment: Humans & Nature 18 May 2012 Two `Laws' of human nature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Study questions: Energy & Environment: Humans & Nature 18 May 2012 Two `Laws' of human nature 1. Jevons' Law, or the law of diminishing marginal utility One of the class (sorry, can't remember who) posted an interesting note on `Jevons' Law'. This would seem to be a danger signal for the hopeful

  7. UNCW Pre-Law Information Unlike some other graduate programs, there is no set major that leads to acceptance by law schools.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    that leads to acceptance by law schools. Acceptance is usually based on the Law School Admission Test (LSAT rounded college years, being part of campus groups and showing a willingness to volunteer in the local

  8. Letter Report: LAW Simulant Development for Cast Stone Screening Test

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Russell, Renee L.; Westsik, Joseph H.; Swanberg, David J.; Eibling, Russell E.; Cozzi, Alex; Lindberg, Michael J.; Josephson, Gary B.; Rinehart, Donald E.

    2013-03-27

    More than 56 million gallons of radioactive and hazardous waste are stored in 177 underground storage tanks at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Hanford Site in southeastern Washington State. The Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) is being constructed to treat the wastes and immobilize them in a glass waste form. The WTP includes a pretreatment facility to separate the wastes into a small volume of high-level waste (HLW) containing most of the radioactivity and a larger volume of low-activity waste (LAW) containing most of the nonradioactive chemicals. The HLW will be converted to glass in the HLW vitrification facility for ultimate disposal at an offsite federal repository. At least a portion (~35%) of the LAW will be converted to glass in the LAW vitrification facility and will be disposed of onsite at the Integrated Disposal Facility (IDF). The pretreatment and HLW vitrification facilities will have the capacity to treat and immobilize the wastes destined for each facility. However, a second facility will be needed for the expected volume of additional LAW requiring immobilization. A cementitious waste form known as Cast Stone is being considered to provide the required additional LAW immobilization capacity. The Cast Stone waste form must be acceptable for disposal in the IDF. The Cast Stone waste form and immobilization process must be tested to demonstrate that the final Cast Stone waste form can comply with waste acceptance criteria for the IDF disposal facility and that the immobilization processes can be controlled to consistently provide an acceptable waste form product. Further, the waste form must be tested to provide the technical basis for understanding the long term performance of the waste form in the IDF disposal environment. These waste form performance data are needed to support risk assessment and performance assessment (PA) analyses of the long-term environmental impact of the waste disposal in the IDF. A testing program was developed in fiscal year (FY) 2012 describing in some detail the work needed to develop and qualify Cast Stone as a waste form for the solidification of Hanford LAW (Westsik et al. 2012). Included within Westsik et al. (2012) is a section on the near-term needs to address Tri-Party Agreement Milestone M-062-40ZZ. The objectives of the testing program to be conducted in FY 2013 and FY 2014 are to: • Determine an acceptable formulation for the LAW Cast Stone waste form. • Evaluate sources of dry materials for preparing the LAW Cast Stone. • Demonstrate the robustness of the Cast Stone waste form for a range of LAW compositions. • Demonstrate the robustness of the formulation for variability in the Cast Stone process. • Provide Cast Stone contaminant release data for PA and risk assessment evaluations. The first step in determining an acceptable formulation for the LAW Cast Stone waste form is to conduct screening tests to examine expected ranges in pretreated LAW composition, waste stream concentrations, dry-materials sources, and mix ratios of waste feed to dry blend. A statistically designed test matrix will be used to evaluate the effects of these key parameters on the properties of the Cast Stone as it is initially prepared and after curing. The second phase of testing will focus on selection of a baseline Cast Stone formulation for LAW and demonstrating that Cast Stone can meet expected waste form requirements for disposal in the IDF. It is expected that this testing will use the results of the screening tests to define a smaller suite of tests to refine the composition of the baseline Cast Stone formulation (e.g. waste concentration, water to dry mix ratio, waste loading).

  9. Quasi-power laws in multiparticle production processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilk, Grzegorz

    2015-01-01

    We review the ubiquitous presence in multiparticle production processes of quasi-power law distributions (i.e., distributions following pure power laws for large values of the argument but remaining finite, usually exponential, for small values). Special emphasis is placed on the conjecture that this reflects the presence in the produced hadronic systems of some intrinsic fluctuations. If described by parameter q they form, together with the scale parameter $T$ ("temperature"), basis of Tsallis distribution, ${f(X)\\sim [1 - (1-q)X/T]^{1/(1-q)}}$, frequently used to describe the relevant distributions (the X being usually a transverse momentum). We discuss the origin of such quasi-power law behavior based on our experience with the description of multiparticle production processes. In particular, we discuss Tsallis distribution with complex nonextensivity parameter q and argue that it is needed to describe log-oscillations as apparently observed in recent data on large momentum distributions in very high energ...

  10. Effective stress law for the permeability of a limestone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghabezloo, Siavash; Guédon, Sylvine; Martineau, François

    2008-01-01

    The effective stress law for the permeability of a limestone is studied experimentally by performing constant head permeability tests in a triaxial cell with different conditions of confining pressure and pore pressure. Test results have shown that a pore pressure increase and a confining pressure decrease both result in an increase of the permeability, and that the effect of the pore pressure change on the variation of the permeability is more important than the effect of a change of the confining pressure. A power law is proposed for the variation of the permeability with the effective stress. The permeability effective stress coefficient increases linearly with the differential pressure and is greater than one as soon the differential pressure exceeds few bars. The test results are well reproduced using the proposed permeability-effective stress law. A conceptual pore-shell model based on a detailed observation of the microstructure of the studied limestone is proposed. This model is able to explain the ex...

  11. Viscous dark energy and generalized second law of thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. R. Setare; A. Sheykhi

    2011-03-05

    We examine the validity of the generalized second law of thermodynamics in a non-flat universe in the presence of viscous dark energy. At first we assume that the universe filled only with viscous dark energy. Then, we extend our study to the case where there is an interaction between viscous dark energy and pressureless dark matter. We examine the time evolution of the total entropy, including the entropy associated with the apparent horizon and the entropy of the viscous dark energy inside the apparent horizon. Our study show that the generalized second law of thermodynamics is always protected in a universe filled with interacting viscous dark energy and dark matter in a region enclosed by the apparent horizon. Finally, we show that the the generalized second law of thermodynamics is fulfilled for a universe filled with interacting viscous dark energy and dark matter in the sense that we take into account the Casimir effect.

  12. United States Export Control Laws Current export laws control both hardware and information regarding a wide range of technologies in a way that

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Export Control Laws Current export laws control both hardware and information Information and Guidelines: United States Export Control Laws, on the CSU Export Control website (http://web.research.colostate.edu/OSP/export.aspx). 1. What are Export Controls? The United States government has a vested interest in protecting

  13. Power-law cosmologies in minimal and maximal gauged supergravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Blĺbäck; A. Borghese; S. S. Haque

    2013-03-13

    In this paper we search for accelerating power-law solutions and ekpyrotic solutions within minimal and maximal four dimensional supergravity theories. We focus on the STU model for N=1 and on the new CSO(p,q,r) theories, which were recently obtained exploiting electromagnetic duality, for N=8. In the minimal case we find some new ekpyrotic solutions, while in the maximal case we find some new generic power-law solutions. We do not find any new accelerating solutions for these models.

  14. Power-law friction in closely-packed granular materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takahiro Hatano

    2007-05-08

    In order to understand the nature of friction in closely-packed granular materials, a discrete element simulation on granular layers subjected to isobaric plain shear is performed. It is found that the friction coefficient increases as the power of the shear rate, the exponent of which does not depend on the material constants. Using a nondimensional parameter that is known as the inertial number, the power-law can be cast in a generalized form so that the friction coefficients at different confining pressures collapse on the same curve. We show that the volume fraction also obeys a power-law.

  15. Deviation from the Knudsen law on quantum gases

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Babac, Gulru

    2014-12-09

    Gas flow in micro/nano scale systems has been generally studied for the Maxwell gases. In the limits of very low temperature and very confined domains, the Maxwellian approximation can break down and the quantum character of the gases becomes important. In these cases, Knudsen law, which is one of the important equations to analyze rarefied gas flows is invalid and should be reanalyzed for quantum gases. In this work, the availability of quantum gas conditions in the high Knudsen number cases is discussed and Knudsen law is analyzed for quantum gases.

  16. Area Law for Gapless States from Local Entanglement Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swingle, Brian

    2015-01-01

    We demonstrate an area law bound on the ground state entanglement entropy of a wide class of gapless quantum states of matter using a strategy called local entanglement thermodynamics. The bound depends only on thermodynamic data, actually a single exponent, the hyper-scaling violation exponent $\\theta$. All systems in $d$ spatial dimensions obeying our scaling assumptions and with $\\theta free Hamiltonians and show that to violate the area law more than logarithmically these systems must have an unusually large number of low energy states. Finally, we make contact with the recently proposed $s$-source framework and argue that $\\theta$ and $s$ are related by $s=2^\\theta$.

  17. Zeroth Law compatibility of non-additive thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. S. Biró; P. Ván

    2011-06-02

    Non-extensive thermodynamics was criticized among others by stating that the Zeroth Law cannot be satisfied with non-additive composition rules. In this paper we determine the general functional form of those non-additive composition rules which are compatible with the Zeroth Law of thermodynamics. We find that this general form is additive for the formal logarithms of the original quantities and the familiar relations of thermodynamics apply to these. Our result offers a possible solution to the longstanding problem about equilibrium between extensive and non-extensive systems or systems with different non-extensivity parameters.

  18. The 1st Law of Thermodynamics in Chemical Reactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. A. Stepanov

    2000-11-10

    In the previous papers of the author it has been shown that the 1st law of thermodynamics in chemical reactions is the following one: dU=dQ+PdV+SUM In the present paper this theory was developed and it has been shown that the 1st law of thermodynamics in chemical reactions has the following form: dC=-dU+dA and -dU=dQ where dC is the change in the chemical energy, dU is the change in the internal energy. Internal energy is the energy of thermal motion of molecules.

  19. Fresnel-transform's quantum correspondence and quantum optical ABCD Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fan Hongyi; Hu Liyun

    2007-05-29

    Corresponding to Fresnel transform there exists a unitary operator in quantum optics theory, which could be named Fresnel operator (FO). We show that the multiplication rule of FO naturally leads to the quantum optical ABCD law. The canonical operator methods as mapping of ray-transfer ABCD matrix is explicitly shown by FO's normally ordered expansion through the coherent state representation and the technique of integration within an ordered product of operators. We show that time evolution of the damping oscillator embodies the quantum optical ABCD law.

  20. Modeling nonlinear random vibration: Implication of the energy conservation law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu Sun; Jinqiao Duan; Xiaofan Li

    2012-06-18

    Nonlinear random vibration under excitations of both Gaussian and Poisson white noises is considered. The model is based on stochastic differential equations, and the corresponding stochastic integrals are defined in such a way that the energy conservation law is satisfied. It is shown that Stratonovich integral and Di Paola-Falsone integral should be used for excitations of Gaussian and Poisson white noises, respectively, in order for the model to satisfy the underlining physical laws (e.g., energy conservation). Numerical examples are presented to illustrate the theoretical results.

  1. INFORMATION NOTE United Nations/Nigeria Workshop on Space Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glass, Ian S.

    1 INFORMATION NOTE United Nations/Nigeria Workshop on Space Law "Meeting international responsibilities and addressing domestic needs" Hosted by the Government of Nigeria 21-24 November 2005 Abuja, Nigeria Background Given the growing number of benefits derived from the use of space applications

  2. Quenched Limit Laws for Transient, One-Dimensional RWRE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jonathon Peterson

    2008-04-06

    Apr 8, 2008 ... Ladder locations {?n} defined by ?0 = 0, ?n := inf{i > ?n?1 : V(i) < V(?n?1)} ... Heuristics of Quenched Limit Laws. T?n = n. ? i=1. (T?i ? T?i?1 ).

  3. On the Evolution of Lehman's Laws Michael W. Godfrey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Godfrey, Michael W.

    On the Evolution of Lehman's Laws Michael W. Godfrey David R. Cheriton School of Computer Science University of Waterloo, CANADA email: migod@uwaterloo.ca Daniel M. German Department of Computer Science" of software should be paid to think too. Like many other pioneers of computer science, Lehman lived

  4. A power-law description of heavy ion collision centrality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas A. Trainor; Duncan J. Prindle

    2007-01-30

    The minimum-bias distribution on heavy ion collision multiplicity $n_{ch}$ is well approximated by power-law form $n_{ch}^{-3/4}$, suggesting that a change of variable to $n_{ch}^{1/4}$ may provide more precise access to the structure of the distribution and to A-A collision centrality. We present a detailed centrality study of Hijing-1.37 Monte Carlo data at 200 GeV using the power-law format. We find that the minimum-bias distribution on $n_{participant}^{1/4}$, determined with a Glauber Monte Carlo simulation, is uniform except for a 5% sinusoidal variation. The power-law format reveals precise linear relations between Glauber parameters $n_{part}$ and $n_{bin}$ and the fractional cross section. The power-law format applied to RHIC data facilitates incorporation of extrapolation constraints on data and Glauber distributions to obtain a ten-fold improvement in centrality accuracy for peripheral collisions.

  5. Are naked singularites forbidden by the second law of thermodynamics?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sukratu Barve; T. P. Singh

    1997-05-21

    By now, many examples of naked singularities in classical general relativity are known. It may however be that a physical principle over and above the general theory prevents the occurrence of such singularities in nature. Assuming the validity of the Weyl curvature hypothesis, we propose that naked singularities are forbidden by the second law of thermodynamics.

  6. Notes on the Generalised Second Law of Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. -T. Sung

    1997-03-22

    Several comments are given to previous proofs of the generalised second law of thermodynamics: black hole entropy plus ordinary matter entropy never decreases for a thermally closed system. Arguments in favour of its truism are given in the spirit of conventional thermodynamics.

  7. Violation of Laws, Losses, and Incidents of Security Concerns

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1992-09-15

    To set forth Department of Energy (DOE) procedures to assure timely and effective action relating to violations of criminal, laws, loses, and incidents of security concern to DOE. Cancels DOE O 5631.5. Canceled by DOE O 470.1 of 9-28-1995.

  8. Ground state energy scaling laws during the onset and destruction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    @cims.nyu.edu; Courant Institute, New York University, New York, NY 10012, USA 4 otto@iam.uni-bonn.de; Institut fGround state energy scaling laws during the onset and destruction of the intermediate state Abstract The intermediate state of a type-I superconductor is a classical ex- ample of energy

  9. Planning Considerations Coordinate with local law enforcement & first responders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patzek, Tadeusz W.

    Planning Considerations Coordinate with local law enforcement & first responders to ensure smooth to in this document as "Site Decision Maker(s)") Select Evacuation Teams and Search Teams Develop training plan Determine search procedures Designate control center locations Plan for emergency assistance (police, fire

  10. Current Practical Applications of the Second Law of Thermodynamics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenny, W. F.

    1988-01-01

    The objectives of this paper are first, to summarize the kind of activity that has been going on since 1980 in the application of the Second Law to practical problems and second, to draw some evaluation of the direction of that work and areas...

  11. Load Balancing in Wireless Sensor Networks using Kirchhoff's Voltage Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toumpis, Stavros

    Load Balancing in Wireless Sensor Networks using Kirchhoff's Voltage Law Stavros Toumpis Electrical balancing in wireless networks with a single class of traffic, focusing our attention on an important example, i.e., Wireless Sensor Networks. The analysis is based on the Wireless Minimum Cost Problem

  12. Modified Newton's law, braneworlds, and the gravitational quantum well

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Buisseret; B. Silvestre-Brac; V. Mathieu

    2007-01-18

    Most of the theories involving extra dimensions assume that only the gravitational interaction can propagate in them. In such approaches, called brane world models, the effective, 4-dimensional, Newton's law is modified at short as well as at large distances. Usually, the deformation of Newton's law at large distances is parametrized by a Yukawa potential, which arises mainly from theories with compactified extra dimensions. In many other models however, the extra dimensions are infinite. These approaches lead to a large distance power-law deformation of the gravitational newtonian potential $V_N(r)$, namely $V(r)=(1+k_b/r^b)V_N(r)$, which is less studied in the literature. We investigate here the dynamics of a particle in a gravitational quantum well with such a power-law deformation. The effects of the deformation on the energy spectrum are discussed. We also compare our modified spectrum to the results obtained with the GRANIT experiment, where the effects of the Earth's gravitational field on quantum states of ultra cold neutrons moving above a mirror are studied. This comparison leads to upper bounds on $b$ and $k_b$.

  13. The Complete Flux Scheme for Spherically Symmetric Conservation Laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

    and M.J.H. Anthonissen Eindhoven University of Technology Department of Mathematics and Computer Science for computing the numerical fluxes. The approximation for the flux is based on the complete differential to a spherically symmet- ric conservation law of advection-diffusion-reaction type. For the numer- ical flux we use

  14. A straightening law for the Drinfel'd Lagrangian Grassmannian 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruffo, James Vincent

    2009-05-15

    (k,n). In this case we denote the Drin- fel?d Grassmannian Qd(G/P) by Qd(k,n). In [41] it is shown that the homogeneous coordinate ring of Qd(k,n) is an algebra with straightening law on a distributive lattice parenleftbig[n]kparenrightbigd, hence normal, Cohen...

  15. Bayesian analysis of the modified Omori law M. Holschneider,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narteau, Clément

    setting allows not only to produce a point estimator of these three parameters but also to assess, we use two independent and non-overlapping aftershock catalogs of the same earthquakes in Japan of the aftershock sequence, p the power law exponent, and c the time delay before the onset of the power

  16. Detonation Engine Performance Comparison Using First and Second Law Analyses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Arlington, University of

    of an exergy analysis with First Law performance benchmarks proves to be a useful approach for optimization of application. One proposed metric that has been used extensively in other industries is the exergy analysis of thermodynamics.2,3 Exergy (also known as availability) analysis can be used to maximize the work output

  17. UPDATED: 8/29/2013 THE DICKINSON SCHOOL OF LAW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Dongwon

    space · 3 bedrooms + bonus room on third floor · 1& ˝ remodeled bathrooms · gas heating, central air, Carlisle ­ Quiet 2nd floor apartment. One bedroom. $395 includes heat/water/sewer. Four blocks from law COMPLEXES APARTMENTS/HOUSES - CARLISLE 3 E. HIGH STREET, Apt. # 2, Carlisle - 2nd Floor apartment, available

  18. Wireless Sensing and Structural Control Strategies Kincho H. Law1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    Wireless Sensing and Structural Control Strategies Kincho H. Law1 , Andrew Swartz2 , Jerome P from wireless communication and embedded computing technologies in terms of installation cost and time. Our prior research has developed low-cost wireless sensing systems for structural monitoring

  19. 'Revenge porn' victim devotes life fighting to change nation's laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shamos, Michael I.

    'Revenge porn' victim devotes life fighting to change nation's laws By Cristina Corbin Published name and discovered the naked photos on a so-called "revenge porn" website. "I just went completely the website "End Revenge Porn" and formed the group Cyber Civil Rights Initiative (CCRI), under which she

  20. Stability for scalar balance laws; Application to pedestrian traffic.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mercier, Magali

    1 L1 Stability for scalar balance laws; Application to pedestrian traffic. Magali Mercier Universit-local flow, which appears for example in a new model of pedestrian traffic. 1 Introduction We consider condition. This is of interest in pedestrian traffic if for example we want to minimize the time of exit out

  1. PATENT LAW BASICS 1. What is a Patent?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PATENT LAW BASICS 1. What is a Patent? A patent is an agreement between an inventor and the government, granting the inventor the right, for a limited period, to exclude others from making, using is "to promote the progress of science and the useful arts..." While an inventor may financially benefit

  2. LAW VII & ID 7th Linguistic Annotation Workshop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the Workshop August 8-9, 2013 Sofia, Bulgaria #12;Production and Manufacturing by Omnipress, Inc. 2600 Anderson Interest Group for Annotation (ACL SIGANN). It provides a forum to facilitate the exchange and propagation a two-day event which would reach out to both communities. Traditionally, the LAW features a theme

  3. Submission to the Law Amendments Committee: An Act Respecting Electricity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Larry

    An electricity market can be discussed in terms of generation, transmission and distribution, and customers to the generation (or supply) of electricity. Since the EMGC recommends that transmission remain under the controlSubmission to the Law Amendments Committee: Bill 87 An Act Respecting Electricity Larry Hughes, Ph

  4. Evolution equations: Frobenius integrability, conservation laws and travelling waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geoff Prince; Naghmana Tehseen

    2015-06-07

    We give new results concerning the Frobenius integrability and solution of evolution equations admitting travelling wave solutions. In particular, we give a powerful result which explains the extraordinary integrability of some of these equations. We also discuss "local" conservations laws for evolution equations in general and demonstrate all the results for the Korteweg de Vries equation.

  5. ''Averaged'' statistical thermodynamics, energy equipartition and the third law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vesselin I. Dimitrov

    1997-07-03

    Arguments are presented that the assumption, implicit to traditional statistical thermodynamics, that at zero temperature all erratic motions cease, should be dispensed with. Assuming instead a random ultrarelativistic unobservable motion, similar to zitterbewegung, it is demonstrated that in an ideal gas of classical particles the energy equipartition fails in a way that complies with the third law of thermodynamics.

  6. Production at Intermediate Energies and Lund Area Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haiming Hu; An Tai

    2001-06-04

    The Lund area law was developed into a Monte Carlo program LUARLW. The important ingredients of this generator was described. It was found that the LUARLW simulations are in good agreement with the BEPC/BES R scan data between 2--5 GeV.

  7. Relativity in Classical Mechanics: Momentum, Energy and the Third Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R Assumpcao

    2005-07-19

    Most of the logical objections against the classical laws of motion, as they are usually presented in textbooks, centre on the fact that defining force in terms of mass and acceleration, the first two laws are mere assertions of concepts to be introduced in the theory; conversely, the third law expresses the experimental fact that the ratio of masses is inversely proportional to the ratio of accelerations, but it is known to fail when the interacting bodies are rapidly accelerated or far apart, leading to objections at the research level, particularly when electromagnetic phenomena is present. Following a specification of the coordinate system with respect to which velocities and accelerations are to be measured, relative to a fixed spacetime point, this contribution argues that the limitation of the third law is removed; as a consequence, Energy and Momentum relations are given an alternative formulation, extending their fundamental aspects and terms to the relativistic level. Most important, the presented alternative relations seem to preserve exactly the same form of the concepts as originally used by Newton in the Principia.

  8. Extended Leach Testing of Simulated LAW Cast Stone Monoliths

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Serne, R. Jeffrey; Westsik, Joseph H.; Williams, Benjamin D.; Jung, H. B.; Wang, Guohui

    2015-07-09

    This report describes the results from long-term laboratory leach tests performed at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for Washington River Protection Solutions (WRPS) to evaluate the release of key constituents from monoliths of Cast Stone prepared with four simulated low-activity waste (LAW) liquid waste streams. Specific objectives of the Cast Stone long-term leach tests described in this report focused on four activities: 1. Extending the leaching times for selected ongoing EPA-1315 tests on monoliths made with LAW simulants beyond the conventional 63-day time period up to 609 days reported herein (with some tests continuing that will be documented later) in an effort to evaluate long-term leaching properties of Cast Stone to support future performance assessment activities. 2. Starting new EPA-1315 leach tests on archived Cast Stone monoliths made with four LAW simulants using two leachants (deionized water [DIW] and simulated Hanford Integrated Disposal Facility (IDF) Site vadose zone pore water [VZP]). 3. Evaluating the impacts of varying the iodide loading (starting iodide concentrations) in one LAW simulant (7.8 M Na Hanford Tank Waste Operations Simulator (HTWOS) Average) by manufacturing new Cast Stone monoliths and repeating the EPA-1315 leach tests using DIW and the VZP leachants. 4. Evaluating the impacts of using a non-pertechnetate form of Tc that is present in some Hanford tanks. In this activity one LAW simulant (7.8 M Na HTWOS Average) was spiked with a Tc(I)-tricarbonyl gluconate species and then solidified into Cast Stone monoliths. Cured monoliths were leached using the EPA-1315 leach protocol with DIW and VZP. The leach results for the Tc-Gluconate Cast Stone monoliths were compared to Cast Stone monoliths pertechnetate.

  9. 12/22/2011 Page 1 Harvard Law School Library Collection Development Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrag, Daniel

    materials. To this end, the Library participates in several local and national 12/22/2011 Page 1 Harvard Law School Library Collection Development Policy The primary mission of the Harvard Law School Library

  10. Long-Range Validity of Threshold Laws in Inner-Shell Photodetachment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to any law problematic. Bilodeau et al. have shown for inner-shell photodetachment of helium and sulfur ions that not only are the appropriate threshold laws valid, they are...

  11. STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF PRIVATE WIRE LAWS ON DEVELOPMENT OF COMBINED...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF PRIVATE WIRE LAWS ON DEVELOPMENT OF COMBINED HEAT AND POWER FACILITIE STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF PRIVATE WIRE LAWS ON DEVELOPMENT OF COMBINED HEAT AND POWER...

  12. THE EFFECT OF PRIVATE WIRE LAWS ON DEVELOPMENT OF COMBINED HEAT...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    THE EFFECT OF PRIVATE WIRE LAWS ON DEVELOPMENT OF COMBINED HEAT AND POWER FACILITIES THE EFFECT OF PRIVATE WIRE LAWS ON DEVELOPMENT OF COMBINED HEAT AND POWER FACILITIES Section...

  13. Under the Rape Shield: Constitutional and Feminist Critiques of Rape Shield Laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roman, Denise

    2011-01-01

    Anderson, “Understanding Rape Shield Laws.” 23. Idem.Philosophical Essays on Rape (News York: Oxford University“Understanding Rape Shield Laws,” www.vawnet.org. 19.

  14. Bayesian Epistemology and Epistemic Conditionals: On the Status of the Export-Import Laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spirtes, Peter

    Bayesian Epistemology and Epistemic Conditionals: On the Status of the Export-Import Laws Horacio, NOVEMBER 2001 BAYESIAN EPISTEMOLOGY AND EPISTEMIC CONDITIONALS: ON THE STATUS OF THE EXPORT-IMPORT LAWS

  15. Multiclass queueing systems in heavy traffic: an asymptotic approach based on distributional and conservation laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertsimas, Dimitris J.

    We propose a new approach to analyze multiclass queueing systems in heavy traffic based on what we consider as fundamental laws in queueing systems, namely distributional and conservation laws. Methodologically, we extend ...

  16. Fourier law, phase transitions and the stationary Stefan problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anna De Masi; Errico Presutti; Dimitrios Tsagkarogiannis

    2010-09-23

    We study the one-dimensional stationary solutions of an integro-differential equation derived by Giacomin and Lebowitz from Kawasaki dynamics in Ising systems with Kac potentials, \\cite{GiacominLebowitz}. We construct stationary solutions with non zero current and prove the validity of the Fourier law in the thermodynamic limit showing that below the critical temperature the limit equilibrium profile has a discontinuity (which defines the position of the interface) and satisfies a stationary free boundary Stefan problem. Under-cooling and over-heating effects are also studied. We show that if metastable values are imposed at the boundaries then the mesoscopic stationary profile is no longer monotone and therefore the Fourier law is not satisfied. It regains however its validity in the thermodynamic limit where the limit profile is again monotone away from the interface.

  17. Power-laws in recurrence networks from dynamical systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. Zou; J. Heitzig; R. V. Donner; J. F. Donges; J. D. Farmer; R. Meucci; S. Euzzor; N. Marwan; J. Kurths

    2012-03-15

    Recurrence networks are a novel tool of nonlinear time series analysis allowing the characterisation of higher-order geometric properties of complex dynamical systems based on recurrences in phase space, which are a fundamental concept in classical mechanics. In this Letter, we demonstrate that recurrence networks obtained from various deterministic model systems as well as experimental data naturally display power-law degree distributions with scaling exponents $\\gamma$ that can be derived exclusively from the systems' invariant densities. For one-dimensional maps, we show analytically that $\\gamma$ is not related to the fractal dimension. For continuous systems, we find two distinct types of behaviour: power-laws with an exponent $\\gamma$ depending on a suitable notion of local dimension, and such with fixed $\\gamma=1$.

  18. Osage oil: Mineral law, murder, mayhem, and manipulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Strickland, R.

    1995-12-31

    The greatest of the 20th century Osage chiefs, Fred Lookout, feared what the rich oil bonanza under tribal lands would do to his people. He forsaw that oil wealth could turn into a curse as well as a blessing, and it was both. The story of Osage oil is a case history in the failure of law, the failure of Indian policy and the struggle for survival of the indomitable spirit of a great Native people force to deal with both the curse and the blessing of black gold. This article examines law and policy as seen in Osage oil regulation, outlining the legal controls of the land and mineral regulatory system and briefly exploring the breakdowns of the system.

  19. Recent Developments in Kansas Oil and Gas Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeLaTorre, Phillip E.

    1983-01-01

    stream_size 1410 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name Phillip E. DeLaTorre, Recent Developments in Kansas Oil and Gas Law, 32 U. Kan. L. Rev. 595 (1983-1984).pdf.txt stream_source_info Phillip E. DeLaTorre, Recent Developments... in Kansas Oil and Gas Law, 32 U. Kan. L. Rev. 595 (1983-1984).pdf.txt Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 HeinOnline -- 32 U. Kan. L. Rev. 595 1983-1984 HeinOnline -- 32 U. Kan. L. Rev. 596 1983-1984 Hein...

  20. Survey of Kansas Oil and Gas Law (1988-1992)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeLaTorre, Phillip E.

    1993-01-01

    stream_size 1692 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name Phillip E. DeLaTorre, Survey of Kansas Oil and Gas Law (1988-1992), 41 U. Kan. L. Rev. 691 (1992-1993).pdf.txt stream_source_info Phillip E. DeLaTorre, Survey of Kansas Oil... and Gas Law (1988-1992), 41 U. Kan. L. Rev. 691 (1992-1993).pdf.txt Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 HeinOnline -- 41 U. Kan. L. Rev. 691 1992-1993 HeinOnline -- 41 U. Kan. L. Rev. 692 1992-1993 Hein...

  1. Quantum Collapse and the Second Law of Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sahand Hormoz

    2012-08-11

    A heat engine undergoes a cyclic operation while in equilibrium with the net result of conversion of heat into work. Quantum effects such as superposition of states can improve an engine's efficiency by breaking detailed balance, but this improvement comes at a cost due to excess entropy generated from collapse of superpositions on measurement. We quantify these competing facets for a quantum ratchet comprised of an ensemble of pairs of interacting two-level atoms. We suggest that the measurement postulate of quantum mechanics is intricately connected to the second law of thermodynamics. More precisely, if quantum collapse is not inherently random, then the second law of thermodynamics can be violated. Our results challenge the conventional approach of simply quantifying quantum correlations as a thermodynamic work deficit.

  2. Islamic Finance: Between Classical Law and Contemporary Practice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    El-Gamal, Mahmoud

    2006-04-08

    and growth in the Arabic world; and macroeconomic monetary policy aspects of Islamic banking. • Ad hoc modules on Islamic Law, Banking and Finance in Geneva, Kuwait, Dubai, and London. Graduate courses: • First year and advanced (second and third year... Taxonomy of SMEs and Financing Methods for Arab Coun- tries”, (with Nihal El-Megharbel and Hulusi Inanoglu), in Fawzy, S. (ed.) Global- ization and Firm Competitiveness in the Middle East and North African Region, DC: World Bank, 2002, in pp. 208...

  3. Important Basic Equations for Order of Magnitude Estimation Conservation Laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nimmo, Francis

    area 4r2 or d2 Sphere: volume 4 3r3 or 1 6d3 Forces Newton's Second Law F = ma Force due to gravity Fg = mg = Gm1m2 r2 Drag force Fd = 1 2cDAv2 Frictional force Ff = cf FN Buoyant force Fb = fluidV g valid for non-relativistic systems) · Energy · Linear momentum · Angular momentum Quantities Force mass

  4. 2014 Enhanced LAW Glass Property-Composition Models, Phase 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muller, Isabelle; Pegg, Ian L.; Joseph, Innocent; Gilbo, Konstantin

    2015-10-28

    This report describes the results of testing specified by the Enhanced LAW Glass Property-Composition Models, VSL-13T3050-1, Rev. 0 Test Plan. The work was performed in compliance with the quality assurance requirements specified in the Test Plan. Results required by the Test Plan are reported. The te4st results and this report have been reviewed for correctness, technical adequacy, completeness, and accuracy.

  5. Taught degrees LLM in Criminal Law and Criminal Justice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    in the top 10 in the UK in The Sunday Times University Guide 2012, in the top 20 in the UK in The Times Good University Guide 2013, and in the top 30 in the UK in The Guardian University Guide 2014 and The Complete University Guide 2014. · Law at Sussex was rated 16th in the UK for research in the 2008 Research Assessment

  6. Entropic uncertainty relation for power-law wave packets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sumiyoshi Abe; S. Martinez; F. Pennini; A. Plastino

    2002-06-06

    For the power-law quantum wave packet in configuration space, the variance of the position observable may be divergent. Accordingly, the information-entropic formulation of the uncertainty principle becomes more appropriate than the Heisenberg-type formulation, since it involves only the finite quantities. It is found that the total amount of entropic uncertainty converges to its lower bound in the limit of a large value of the exponent.

  7. A non-monotone conservation law for dune morphodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alibaud, Nathaël; Isčbe, Damien

    2007-01-01

    We investigate a non-local non linear conservation law, first introduced by A.C. Fowler to describe morphodynamics of dunes, see \\cite{Fow01, Fow02}. A remarkable feature is the violation of the maximum principle, which allows for erosion phenomenon. We prove well-posedness for initial data in $L^2$ and give explicit counterexample for the maximum principle. We also provide numerical simulations corroborating our theoretical results.

  8. Power-law cosmology, SN Ia, and BAO

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dolgov, Aleksander; Halenka, Vitali; Tkachev, Igor E-mail: vithal@umich.edu

    2014-10-01

    We revise observational constraints on the class of models of modified gravity which at low redshifts lead to a power-law cosmology. To this end we use available public data on Supernova Ia and on baryon acoustic oscillations. We show that the expansion regime a(t) ? t{sup ?} with ? close to 3/2 in a spatially flat universe is a good fit to these data.

  9. Instrumenting Buildings to Determine Retrofit Savings: Murphy's Law Revisited 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boecker, C. L.; Bohmer, C.; O'Neal, D. L.; Bryant, J.

    1993-01-01

    BUILDINGS TO DETERMINE RETROFIT SAVINGS: MURPHY'S LAW REVISITED Dennis L. O'Neal, John Bryant, Curtis Boecker, and Chuck Bohmer Department of Mechanical Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX ABSTRACT Experiences with instrumentation..., installation and maintenance of building energy metering systems are presented. The building energy metering is installed to support the Texas LoanSTAR program in sites throughout the State of Texas. Metering typically includes monitoring the whole building...

  10. First Law of Mechanics for Compact Binaries on Eccentric Orbits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tiec, Alexandre Le

    2015-01-01

    Using the canonical Arnowitt-Deser-Misner Hamiltonian formalism, a "first law of mechanics" is established for binary systems of point masses moving along generic stable bound (eccentric) orbits. This relationship is checked to hold within the post-Newtonian approximation to general relativity, up to third (3PN) order. Several applications are discussed, including the use of gravitational self-force results to inform post-Newtonian theory and the effective one-body model for eccentric-orbit compact binaries.

  11. Primordial perturbations in tachyonic power-law inflation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Souza, Rudinei C

    2013-01-01

    In this work we determine the power spectrum of the gravitational potential of the primordial fluctuations for an inflationary model whose \\emph{inflaton} is a non-canonical scalar field of the tachyon-type. The respective background field equations for an inverse-square potential produce a power-law inflation, and it is explicitly shown that for such a potential the power spectrum tends to be scale-independent for highly accelerated regimes in the inflationary expansion.

  12. Robust regression on noisy data for fusion scaling laws

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Verdoolaege, Geert, E-mail: geert.verdoolaege@ugent.be [Department of Applied Physics, Ghent University, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium); Laboratoire de Physique des Plasmas de l'ERM - Laboratorium voor Plasmafysica van de KMS (LPP-ERM/KMS), Ecole Royale Militaire - Koninklijke Militaire School, B-1000 Brussels (Belgium)

    2014-11-15

    We introduce the method of geodesic least squares (GLS) regression for estimating fusion scaling laws. Based on straightforward principles, the method is easily implemented, yet it clearly outperforms established regression techniques, particularly in cases of significant uncertainty on both the response and predictor variables. We apply GLS for estimating the scaling of the L-H power threshold, resulting in estimates for ITER that are somewhat higher than predicted earlier.

  13. DOE Awards Hanford Site Law Enforcement Contract to Benton County

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    RICHLAND, WASH. – The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today awarded a contract to the Benton County Sheriff’s Office in Kennewick, Wash., to provide law enforcement services at the DOE Hanford Site. The contract has a five-year period of performance, consisting of a one-year base period, with four one-year option periods and an approximate total value of $5 million.

  14. The exemption laws of the State of Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dozier, James Hall

    1961-01-01

    TABLE OF CO~S Chapter I I I I XX. a pg 0 XXI ~ XV? A SHORT H1STORY OF THE ZX1EIIIPTION LAWS OF TEXAS ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ First Exemption LBU a ~ ~ ~ ~ Constitutional Proteotion. Definition of Homesteads Constitution of 1SVB 0...'ther ExemPtions ~ ~ ~ ~ a e ~ a ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ a ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 4 ~ a ~ e e e ~ ~ e ~ ~ ~ e e Present Statute a ~ ~ ~ ~ e ~ Fam9. 1y Relationship. Furniture. ~ . ~ . ~ Cemetex'F Lots ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ Implements of Husbandrye Tools of Tx...

  15. Mpemba effect, Newton cooling law and heat transfer equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vladan Pankovic; Darko V. Kapor

    2012-12-11

    In this work we suggest a simple theoretical solution of the Mpemba effect in full agreement with known experimental data. This solution follows simply as an especial approximation (linearization) of the usual heat (transfer) equation, precisely linearization of the second derivation of the space part of the temperature function (as it is well-known Newton cooling law can be considered as the effective approximation of the heat (transfer) equation for constant space part of the temperature function).

  16. Adaptive Semi-Discrete Central-Upwind Schemes for Nonconvex Hyperbolic Conservation Laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petrova, Guergana

    of conservation laws is the polymer system used to model polymer flooding processes in enhanced oil recovery (see

  17. Non-equilibrium thermodynamics of dark energy on the power-law entropy corrected apparent horizon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Umar Farooq; Mubasher Jamil

    2011-11-24

    We investigate the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker (FRW) universe (containing dark energy) as a non-equilibrium (irreversible) thermodynamical system by considering the power-law correction to the horizon entropy. By taking power-law entropy area law which appear in dealing with the entanglement of quantum fields in and out the horizon, we determine the power-law entropy corrected apparent horizon of the FRW universe.

  18. Quasi-power laws in multiparticle production processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grzegorz Wilk; Zbigniew W?odarczyk

    2015-03-30

    We review the ubiquitous presence in multiparticle production processes of quasi-power law distributions (i.e., distributions following pure power laws for large values of the argument but remaining finite, usually exponential, for small values). Special emphasis is placed on the conjecture that this reflects the presence in the produced hadronic systems of some intrinsic fluctuations. If described by parameter q they form, together with the scale parameter $T$ ("temperature"), basis of Tsallis distribution, ${f(X)\\sim [1 - (1-q)X/T]^{1/(1-q)}}$, frequently used to describe the relevant distributions (the X being usually a transverse momentum). We discuss the origin of such quasi-power law behavior based on our experience with the description of multiparticle production processes. In particular, we discuss Tsallis distribution with complex nonextensivity parameter q and argue that it is needed to describe log-oscillations as apparently observed in recent data on large momentum distributions in very high energy p-p collisions.

  19. Weak power law rheology of soft glassy and gelled materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedro Patricio; Catarina R. Leal

    2015-09-07

    We make a parallel excursion to the generalised Maxwell and Kelvin-Voigt models to find which general conditions may lead to the weak power law behaviours of the elastic and viscous moduli, $G'(w)\\sim G''(w)\\sim w^\\alpha$, with $0cells. We find that these behaviours are obtained for analogous, but essentially different power law spectra of relaxation and retardation times, stemming from the different nature of the models. The first, based on the generalised Maxwell model, retains the fluid properties of a soft glassy material (SGM) above the glass transition. The second, based on the generalised Kelvin-Voigt model, retains the elastic properties of a soft solid or gelled material. Using these models, we calculate with accuracy the power law exponents of $G'(w)\\sim w^x$ and $G''(w)\\sim w^y$, for the whole families of relaxation and retardation spectra previously obtained. Within the region corresponding to $0 y\\approx \\alpha$ and $y> x\\approx \\alpha$ for respectively the generalised Maxwell and Kelvin-Voigt models. Beyond this region, we find very different and interesting exponents.

  20. Ablation on Taylor Glacier, Antarctica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bliss, Andrew Knisely

    2011-01-01

    Vapor Pressure . . . . . . . .Appendix 1.11). Vapor Pressure Vapor pressure at the surfacecorrection. Vapor Pressure Vapor pressure at the surface was

  1. Ablation on Taylor Glacier, Antarctica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bliss, Andrew Knisely

    2011-01-01

    ready to carry a set of solar panels up a hill for a GPSbeing charged by the solar panels. In the winter it remainedbatteries. Station 3’s solar panel failed in early October

  2. Hunting for meteorites in Antarctica

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation CurrentHenry Bellamy, Ph.D.Food Drive HolidayHoursaUSHumanHunting for

  3. Resurgent Dome Complex | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onRAPID/Geothermal/Exploration/ColoradoRemsenburg-Speonk, New York: EnergyOpen EnergyInformationfor theHawaii

  4. Fourier Law in the Alternate-Mass Hard-Core Potential Chain Baowen Li,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Baowen

    Fourier Law in the Alternate-Mass Hard-Core Potential Chain Baowen Li,1 Giulio Casati,2,3,1 Jiao size. We provide convincing numerical evidence for the validity of Fourier law of heat conduction in order to obey the Fourier law of heat conduction are still not known. For noninteracting particles

  5. Studying Academic Lawyers' Information Seeking to Inform the Design of Digital Law Libraries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blandford, Ann

    Studying Academic Lawyers' Information Seeking to Inform the Design of Digital Law Libraries of digital law libraries. Participants found it difficult to use digital law libraries, arising from poor knowledge of the digital library system rather than from poor general electronic research skills. Hazy

  6. Power-law statistics and universal scaling in the absence of criticality Jonathan Touboul1, 2,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Destexhe, Alain

    Power-law statistics and universal scaling in the absence of criticality Jonathan Touboul1, 2 through power-law statistics or universal scal- ing functions. We show here that such features naturally emerge from networks in self-sustained irregular regimes away from criticality. Power-law statistics

  7. POWER LAWS FOR MONKEYS TYPINGS RANDOMLY: THE CASE OF UNEQUAL PROBABILITIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conrad, Brian

    POWER LAWS FOR MONKEYS TYPINGS RANDOMLY: THE CASE OF UNEQUAL PROBABILITIES BRIAN CONRAD AND MICHAEL MITZENMACHER Abstract. An early result in the history of power laws, due to Miller, concerned the following)/N. Miller proved that in this experiment, the rank-frequency distribution of words follows a power law

  8. On Hack's law Riccardo Rigon,1,2 Ignacio Rodriguez-Iturbe,1 Amos Maritan,3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tarboton, David

    On Hack's law Riccardo Rigon,1,2 Ignacio Rodriguez-Iturbe,1 Amos Maritan,3 Achille Giacometti,4 David G. Tarboton,5 and Andrea Rinaldo6 Abstract. Hack's law is reviewed, emphasizing its implications between Hack's law and the internal structure of river basins is investigated experimentally through

  9. A Music Information Retrieval Approach Based on Power Laws Patrick Roos and Bill Manaris

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roos, Patrick

    . Research in cognitive science and neuroscience reveals connections between power laws, human cognition, and human physiology. Empirical studies also demonstrate connections between power laws and human aestheticsA Music Information Retrieval Approach Based on Power Laws Patrick Roos and Bill Manaris Computer

  10. RIS0-M-2432 SIMPLIFIED LAWS OF SIMIALRITY FOR WIND TURBINE ROTORS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RIS0-M-2432 SIMPLIFIED LAWS OF SIMIALRITY FOR WIND TURBINE ROTORS Helge Petersen The Test Station for Small Windmills Abstract, Laws of similarity or scaling laws for the character- istics of a wind turbine rotor are of importance to the designer even during the initial design phase of a new wind turbine con

  11. Compliance with Page 1 of 3 July 14, 2014 Export Laws & Regulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winfree, Erik

    Compliance with Page 1 of 3 July 14, 2014 Export Laws & Regulations INSTITUTE POLICY Compliance with Export Laws and Regulations The mission of the California Institute of Technology is to expand human atmosphere, while educating outstanding students to become creative members of society. Export control laws

  12. A Fresh Look at Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Fresh Look at Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics Elliott H. Lieb 1 , and Jakob Yngvason to either statistical mechanics or heat engines. In days long gone, the second law of thermodynamics (which numbers of atoms. Willard Gibbs wrote: ``The laws of thermodynamics may easily be obtained from

  13. AN ENTROPY CONDITION AND GLOBAL EXISTENCE RESULT FOR HYPERBOLIC BALANCE LAWS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AN ENTROPY CONDITION AND GLOBAL EXISTENCE RESULT FOR HYPERBOLIC BALANCE LAWS WEN-AN YONG Abstract of balance laws in several space variables. We propose an entropy condition and prove the existence of global condition and Kawashima's condition are satis#12;ed. In addition, we show that a system of balance laws

  14. LOCALIZATION EFFECTS AND MEASURE SOURCE TERMS IN NUMERICAL SCHEMES FOR BALANCE LAWS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LOCALIZATION EFFECTS AND MEASURE SOURCE TERMS IN NUMERICAL SCHEMES FOR BALANCE LAWS LAURENT GOSSE corresponds to the general case of a scalar balance law (26). These two problems share the common feature) is the key point and the general balance law, where a long- time decay to some steady regime should occur

  15. Thesaurus-based Retrieval of Case Law Michel C.A. KLEIN a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Harmelen, Frank

    Thesaurus-based Retrieval of Case Law Michel C.A. KLEIN a , Wouter VAN STEENBERGEN b , Elisabeth M within the domain of tort law from a repository of 68.000 court verdicts. We apply a thesaurus interpretation. Keywords. retrieval, case law, ontology, thesaurus 1. Introduction The judiciary is faced

  16. 2014/15 Whole Group Timetable Semester 2 School of Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banaji,. Murad

    Williams Lecture Theatre FJ SW PW 485 399 768980 LW1120, LW1121 Constitutional and Administrative Law Professor Fielding Johnson South Wing Basement Peter Williams Lecture Theatre FJ SW PW 485 399 768981 LW1120 Williams Lecture Theatre FJ SW PW 485 399 648108 LW1130, LW1131 Contract Law; Contract Law (Study Abroad

  17. RELAXATION OF ENERGY AND APPROXIMATE RIEMANN SOLVERS FOR GENERAL PRESSURE LAWS IN FLUID DYNAMICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coquel, Frédéric

    RELAXATION OF ENERGY AND APPROXIMATE RIEMANN SOLVERS FOR GENERAL PRESSURE LAWS IN FLUID DYNAMICS FR a relaxation of the nonlinear pressure law introducing an energy decomposition under the form = 1 + 2. The internal energy 1 is associated with a (simpler) pressure law p1(, 1); the energy 2 is advected by the flow

  18. On the Noether Derivation of the Gyrokinetic Energy-Momentum Conservation Laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    On the Noether Derivation of the Gyrokinetic Energy-Momentum Conservation Laws Alain J. Brizard Variational Principles · Gyrokinetic Energy-Momentum Conservation Laws · Gyrokinetic Angular Momentum = - n (d3 x) = - n [( · ) d3 x] #12;· Energy-momentum Conservation Law Infinitesimal space

  19. Modified Hubble law, the time-varying Hubble parameter and the problem of dark energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jian-Miin Liu

    2005-11-14

    In the framework of the solvable model of cosmology constructed in the Earth-related coordinate system, we derive the modified Hubble law. This law carries the slowly time-varying Hubble parameter. The modified Hubble law eliminates the need for dark energy.

  20. Holistic Reasoning and Generalization of the Second Law of Energy Degradation and Entropy Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kostic, Milivoje M.

    Holistic Reasoning and Generalization of the Second Law of Energy Degradation and Entropy and everywhere dissipate energy and generate entropy (according to the 2nd Law!), i.e. on the expense of internal 60115, USA Web: www.kostic.niu.edu * E-mail: kostic@niu.edu Even today, the Second Law of Thermodynamics

  1. Local Law Enforcement Implementation of National Anti-terrorism Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dehnke, Nathan

    2011-04-15

    terrorism investigations in the area in recent years. There were at least two such investigations in 2010. The first was reported in May, 2010, and was an Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) case resu lting in the arrest of a Kansas City man who... anti- terrorism effort. The next chapter will discuss in greater detail the terrorism threat to the United States, specific?lly hi?hli?htin? the fe?er?l ?o?ernment’s responses to this thre?t? ?s well ?s of the role of local law enforcement as part...

  2. Inflation in the generalized inverse power law scenario

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lu, Zhun

    2013-11-01

    We propose a single field inflationary model by generalizing the inverse power law potential from the intermediate model. We study the implication of our model on the primordial anisotropy of cosmological microwave background radiation. Specifically, we apply the slow-roll approximation to calculate the scalar spectral tilt n{sub s} and the tensor-to-scalar ratio r. The results are compared with the recent data measured by the Planck satellite. We find that by choosing proper values for the parameters, our model can well describe the Planck data.

  3. Transgressing the Law: Karma, Theft and Its Punishment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitecross, Richard W

    2008-01-01

    of the ] Glorious ‘Druk pa by its Divine Lineage Came and Spread in the Eastern Province of the Sun Within the Southern Mon Country of Four Approaches. 6 In the bKa’ khrims, the Zhabdrung is said to have received the lands of the Great Southern Realm of Four... on September 10 in Thimphu. The group included parking fee collectors and youths recovering at rehabilitation centres like the Rewa. “Our young people should be fully aware of the law,” said Drangpon Rabjam Kinley Namgay. “They should also be aware...

  4. Area Law for Gapless States from Local Entanglement Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brian Swingle; John McGreevy

    2015-05-26

    We demonstrate an area law bound on the ground state entanglement entropy of a wide class of gapless quantum states of matter using a strategy called local entanglement thermodynamics. The bound depends only on thermodynamic data, actually a single exponent, the hyper-scaling violation exponent $\\theta$. All systems in $d$ spatial dimensions obeying our scaling assumptions and with $\\theta energy states. Finally, we make contact with the recently proposed $s$-source framework and argue that $\\theta$ and $s$ are related by $s=2^\\theta$.

  5. Gravitational wave generation in power-law inflationary models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paulo M. Sá; Alfredo B. Henriques

    2008-06-06

    We investigate the generation of gravitational waves in power-law inflationary models. The energy spectrum of the gravitational waves is calculated using the method of continuous Bogoliubov coefficients. We show that, by looking at the interval of frequencies between 10^(-5) and 10^5 Hz and also at the GHz range, important information can be obtained, both about the inflationary period itself and about the thermalization regime between the end of inflation and the beginning of the radiation-dominated era. We thus deem the development of gravitational wave detectors, covering the MHz/GHz range of frequencies, to be an important task for the future.

  6. The power-law expansion universe and dark energy evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yi-Huan Wei

    2005-02-03

    In order to depict the transition from deceleration to acceleration expansion of the universe we use a power-law expansion scale factor, $a\\sim t^{n_0+bt^m}$, with $n_0$, $b$ and $m$ three parameters determined by $H_0$, $q_0$ and $z_T$. For the spatially flat, isotropic and homogeneous universe, such a scale factor leads to the results that the dark energy density is slowly changing currently, and predicts the equation of state $w_X$ changes from $w_X>-1$ to $w_X<-1$.

  7. Can physics laws be derived from monogenic functions?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jose B. Almeida

    2006-01-25

    This is a paper about geometry and how one can derive several fundamental laws of physics from a simple postulate of geometrical nature. The method uses monogenic functions analysed in the algebra of 5-dimensional spacetime, exploring the 4-dimensional waves that they generate. With this method one is able to arrive at equations of relativistic dynamics, quantum mechanics and electromagnetism. Fields as disparate as cosmology and particle physics will be influenced by this approach in a way that the paper only suggests. The paper provides an introduction to a formalism which shows prospects of one day leading to a theory of everything and suggests several areas of future development.

  8. Federal Energy Management Laws and Requirements | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuelsof Energy Services » ProgramPolicy and Guidance » Human CapitalLaws and

  9. How the Second Amendment to China's Patent Law Affects Firms' Patenting Behavior In this study, we examine how the second amendment to China's patent law affects the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

    How the Second Amendment to China's Patent Law Affects Firms' Patenting Behavior Abstract In this study, we examine how the second amendment to China's patent law affects the patenting behavior passed a second amendment to its patent system in 2000 in accordance with the Trade-Related Aspects

  10. Overview of Export Laws and Regulations The United States export laws and regulations operate to restrict the use of and access to controlled

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ullrich, Paul

    Overview of Export Laws and Regulations The United States export laws and regulations operate security or protection of trade. The export control regulations are not new. Federal regulations restricting the export of goods and technology out of the country have been around since the 1940's. However

  11. Large Deformation Constitutive Laws for Isotropic Thermoelastic Materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Plohr, Bradley J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Plohr, Jeeyeon N. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-07-25

    We examine the approximations made in using Hooke's law as a constitutive relation for an isotropic thermoelastic material subjected to large deformation by calculating the stress evolution equation from the free energy. For a general thermoelastic material, we employ the volume-preserving part of the deformation gradient to facilitate volumetric/shear strain decompositions of the free energy, its first derivatives (the Cauchy stress and entropy), and its second derivatives (the specific heat, Grueneisen tensor, and elasticity tensor). Specializing to isotropic materials, we calculate these constitutive quantities more explicitly. For deformations with limited shear strain, but possibly large changes in volume, we show that the differential equations for the stress components involve new terms in addition to the traditional Hooke's law terms. These new terms are of the same order in the shear strain as the objective derivative terms needed for frame indifference; unless the latter terms are negligible, the former cannot be neglected. We also demonstrate that accounting for the new terms requires that the deformation gradient be included as a field variable

  12. Scaling law analysis of paraffin thin films on different surfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dotto, M. E. R.; Camargo, S. S. Jr. [Engenharia Metalurgica e de Materials, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Cx. Postal 68505, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, CEP 21945-970 (Brazil)

    2010-01-15

    The dynamics of paraffin deposit formation on different surfaces was analyzed based on scaling laws. Carbon-based films were deposited onto silicon (Si) and stainless steel substrates from methane (CH{sub 4}) gas using radio frequency plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition. The different substrates were characterized with respect to their surface energy by contact angle measurements, surface roughness, and morphology. Paraffin thin films were obtained by the casting technique and were subsequently characterized by an atomic force microscope in noncontact mode. The results indicate that the morphology of paraffin deposits is strongly influenced by substrates used. Scaling laws analysis for coated substrates present two distinct dynamics: a local roughness exponent ({alpha}{sub local}) associated to short-range surface correlations and a global roughness exponent ({alpha}{sub global}) associated to long-range surface correlations. The local dynamics is described by the Wolf-Villain model, and a global dynamics is described by the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang model. A local correlation length (L{sub local}) defines the transition between the local and global dynamics with L{sub local} approximately 700 nm in accordance with the spacing of planes measured from atomic force micrographs. For uncoated substrates, the growth dynamics is related to Edwards-Wilkinson model.

  13. Pathways of Barotrauma in Juvenile Salmonids Exposed to Simulated Hydroturbine Passage: Boyle’s Law vs. Henry’s Law

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Richard S.; Pflugrath, Brett D.; Colotelo, Alison HA; Brauner, Colin J.; Carlson, Thomas J.; Deng, Zhiqun; Seaburg, Adam

    2012-06-01

    On their seaward migration, juvenile salmonids commonly pass hydroelectric dams. Fish passing by the turbine blade may experience rapid decompression, the severity of which can be highly variable and may result in a number of barotraumas. The mechanisms of these injuries can be due to expansion of existing bubbles or gases coming out of solution; governed by Boyle’s Law and Henry’s Law, respectively. This paper combines re-analysis of published data with new experiments to gain a better understanding of the mechanisms of injury and mortality for fish experiencing rapid decompression associated with hydroturbine passage. From these data it appears that the majority of decompression related injuries are due to the expansion of existing bubbles in the fish, particularly the expansion and rupture of the swim bladder. This information is particularly useful for fisheries managers and turbine manufacturers, demonstrating that reducing the rate of swim bladder ruptures by reducing the frequency of occurrence and severity of rapid decompression during hydroturbine passage could reduce the rates of injury and mortality for hydroturbine passed juvenile salmonids.

  14. Improved Engine Design Concepts Using the Second Law of Thermodynamics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2009-09-30

    This project was aimed at developing and using numerical tools which incorporate the second law of thermodynamics to better understand engine operation and particularly the combustion process. A major activity of this project was the continual enhancement and use of an existing engine cycle simulation to investigate a wide range of engine parameters and concepts. The major motivation of these investigations was to improve engine efficiency. These improvements were examined from both the first law and second law perspective. One of the most important aspects of this work was the identification of the combustion irreversibilities as functions of engine design and operating parameters. The combustion irreversibility may be quantified in a number of ways but one especially useful way is by determining the destruction of exergy (availability) during the combustion process. This destruction is the penalty due to converting the fuel exergy to thermal energy for producing work. The engine cycle simulation was used to examine the performance of an automotive (5.7 liter), V-8 spark-ignition engine. A base case was defined for operation at 1400 rpm, stoichiometric, MBT spark timing with a bmep of 325 kPa. For this condition, the destruction of exergy during the combustion process was 21.0%. Variations of many engine parameters (including speed, load, and spark timing) did not alter the level of destruction very much (with these variations, the exergy destruction was within the range of 20.5-21.5%). Also, the use of turbocharging or the use of an over-expanded engine design did not significantly change the exergy destruction. The exergy destruction during combustion was most affected by increased inlet oxygen concentration (which reduced the destruction due to the higher combustion temperatures) and by the use of cooled EGR (which increased the destruction). This work has demonstrated that, in general, the exergy destruction for conventional engines is fairly constant ({approx}21%) for a range of operating and design parameters. Further, to achieve high efficiency engines requires that the exergy be managed and not necessarily reduced. The overall thermodynamics is the final discriminator regarding high efficiency engines.

  15. Conservation Laws, Hodograph Transformation and Boundary Value Problems of Plane Plasticity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sergey I. Senashov; Alexander Yakhno

    2012-10-13

    For the hyperbolic system of quasilinear first-order partial differential equations, linearizable by hodograph transformation, the conservation laws are used to solve the Cauchy problem. The equivalence of the initial problem for quasilinear system and the problem for conservation laws system permits to construct the characteristic lines in domains, where Jacobian of hodograph transformations is equal to zero. Moreover, the conservation laws give all solutions of the linearized system. Some examples from the gas dynamics and theory of plasticity are considered.

  16. A reservoir for inverse power law decoherence of a qubit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Filippo Giraldi; Francesco Petruccione

    2011-01-24

    The exact dynamics of a Jaynes-Cummings model for a qubit interacting with a continuous distribution of bosons, characterized by a special form of the spectral density, is evaluated analytically. The special reservoir is designed to induce anomalous decoherence, resulting in an inverse power law relaxation, of power 3/2, over an evaluated long time scale. If compared to the exponential-like relaxation obtained from the original Jaynes-Cummings model for Lorentzian-type spectral density functions, decoherence is strongly suppressed. The special reservoir exhibits an upper band edge frequency coinciding with the qubit transition frequency. Known theoretical models of photonic band gap media suitable for the realization of the designed reservoir are proposed.

  17. A reservoir for inverse power law decoherence of a qubit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giraldi, Filippo

    2010-01-01

    The exact dynamics of a Jaynes-Cummings model for a qubit interacting with a continuous distribution of bosons, characterized by a special form of the spectral density, is evaluated analytically. The special reservoir is designed to induce anomalous decoherence, resulting in an inverse power law relaxation, of power $3/2$, over an evaluated long time scale. If compared to the exponential-like relaxation obtained from the original Jaynes-Cummings model for Lorentzian-type spectral density functions, decoherence is strongly suppressed. The special reservoir exhibits an upper band edge frequency coinciding with the qubit transition frequency. Known theoretical models of photonic band gap media suitable for the realization of the designed reservoir are proposed.

  18. Information theoretic security by the laws of classical physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mingesz, R; Gingl, Z; Granqvist, C G; Wen, H; Peper, F; Eubank, T; Schmera, G

    2013-01-01

    It has been shown recently that the use of two pairs of resistors with enhanced Johnson-noise and a Kirchhoff-loop-i.e., a Kirchhoff-Law-Johnson-Noise (KLJN) protocol-for secure key distribution leads to information theoretic security levels superior to those of a quantum key distribution, including a natural immunity against a man-in-the-middle attack. This issue is becoming particularly timely because of the recent full cracks of practical quantum communicators, as shown in numerous peer-reviewed publications. This presentation first briefly surveys the KLJN system and then discusses related, essential questions such as: what are perfect and imperfect security characteristics of key distribution, and how can these two types of securities be unconditional (or information theoretical)? Finally the presentation contains a live demonstration.

  19. Second Law Analysis of Constant Temperature Diesel Combustion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Druecke, Dr. Ben [University of Wisconsin; Foster, Prof. Dave [University of Wisconsin; Klein, Prof. Sandy [University of Wisconsin; Daw, C Stuart [ORNL; Chakravarthy, Veerathu K [ORNL; Graves, Ronald L [ORNL

    2006-01-01

    The results from a second law analysis of a constant temperature diesel combustion process are presented and show that this process is not significantly more reversible than conventional combustion. In addition to quantifying the total availability destruction in combustion, the magnitudes of the combustion irreversibilities attributable to each irreversible subprocess (mixing, oxidation and internal heat transfer) were determined. The primary contributor to combustion irreversibilities is the thermal interaction of reacting and non-reacting species during the oxidation and internal thermal energy transfer subprocesses. Increasing combustion temperature significantly decreases availability destruction by making the oxidation and internal thermal energy transfer processes more reversible. While increasing combustion temperature decreases combustion irreversibility, it also results in an increase in exhaust temperature. A tradeoff exists between large availability destruction at low combustion temperatures and large amounts of availability discarded in the exhaust at high combustion temperatures. The optimum amount of work was found to occur for a combustion temperature of approximately 1600 K.

  20. Cosmological Ohm's law and dynamics of non-minimal electromagnetism

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hollenstein, Lukas; Jain, Rajeev Kumar; Urban, Federico R. E-mail: jain@cp3.dias.sdu.dk

    2013-01-01

    The origin of large-scale magnetic fields in cosmic structures and the intergalactic medium is still poorly understood. We explore the effects of non-minimal couplings of electromagnetism on the cosmological evolution of currents and magnetic fields. In this context, we revisit the mildly non-linear plasma dynamics around recombination that are known to generate weak magnetic fields. We use the covariant approach to obtain a fully general and non-linear evolution equation for the plasma currents and derive a generalised Ohm law valid on large scales as well as in the presence of non-minimal couplings to cosmological (pseudo-)scalar fields. Due to the sizeable conductivity of the plasma and the stringent observational bounds on such couplings, we conclude that modifications of the standard (adiabatic) evolution of magnetic fields are severely limited in these scenarios. Even at scales well beyond a Mpc, any departure from flux freezing behaviour is inhibited.