Sample records for law 93-275 failure

  1. This report is mandatory under Public Law 93 275

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001) -heating oilAll Tables133,477the most recent

  2. This report is mandatory under Public Law 93 275

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001) -heating oilAll Tables133,477the most recentNo.

  3. This report is mandatory under the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001) -heating oilAll Tables133,477the most recentNo.63A

  4. This report is mandatory under the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001) -heating oilAll Tables133,477the most

  5. This report is mandatory under the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001) -heating oilAll Tables133,477the most902 (2010) ANNUAL

  6. Ris-R-1736 (EN) Cohesive laws for assessment of materials failure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Risø-R-1736 (EN) Cohesive laws for assessment of materials failure: Theory, experimental methods-opening reaches the critical s decreased to zero, 0 n . The bridging zone is further crack extension, the fracture laws for assessment of materials failure: Theory, experimental methods and application #12;#12;Cohesive

  7. Scaling of structural failure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bazant, Z.P. [Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States); Chen, Er-Ping [Sandia National Lab., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article attempts to review the progress achieved in the understanding of scaling and size effect in the failure of structures. Particular emphasis is placed on quasibrittle materials for which the size effect is complicated. Attention is focused on three main types of size effects, namely the statistical size effect due to randomness of strength, the energy release size effect, and the possible size effect due to fractality of fracture or microcracks. Definitive conclusions on the applicability of these theories are drawn. Subsequently, the article discusses the application of the known size effect law for the measurement of material fracture properties, and the modeling of the size effect by the cohesive crack model, nonlocal finite element models and discrete element models. Extensions to compression failure and to the rate-dependent material behavior are also outlined. The damage constitutive law needed for describing a microcracked material in the fracture process zone is discussed. Various applications to quasibrittle materials, including concrete, sea ice, fiber composites, rocks and ceramics are presented.

  8. Catalysinganenergyrevolution Nuclear Failures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    extraction, fuel manufacture and management of spent fuel and waste. Currently, CEA is a large FrenchCatalysinganenergyrevolution France's Nuclear Failures The great illusion of nuclear energy greenpeace.org #12;Contents 2 Greenpeace International France's Nuclear Failures The French nuclear industry

  9. ENVIRONMENTAL LAW NETWORK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ENVIRONMENTAL LAW NETWORK INTERNATIONAL RÉSEAU INTERNATIONAL DE DROIT DE L´ENVIRONNEMENT INTERNATIONALES NETZWERK UMWELTRECHT EU Enforcement Policy of Community Environmental law as presented in the Commission Communication on implementing European Community Environmental law Marta Ballesteros The direct

  10. Coping with dependent failures in distributed systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Junqueira, Flavio

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mosleh. Dependent failure analysis. Reliability engineeringIntrospective failure analysis: Avoiding correlated failuresThe analysis in [Kum91], however, assumes IID failures. The

  11. COPYRIGHT NOTICE: James Bessen & Michael J. Meurer: Patent Failure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landweber, Laura

    COPYRIGHT NOTICE: James Bessen & Michael J. Meurer: Patent Failure is published by Princeton is the United States; the property is U.S. Patent No. 4,528,643, granted in 1985; the owner who initiated ure of patent-related institutions and patent law generally to get the details right.This widespread

  12. Fin Failure Compensation for an Unmanned Underwater Vehicle \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonard, Naomi

    Fin Failure Compensation for an Unmanned Underwater Vehicle \\Lambda Albert S.­F. Cheng and Naomi on a torpedo­shaped unmanned underwater vehicle (UUV) and design control laws to compensate for a fin that gets Island, is an unmanned underwater vehicle (UUV) representative of a class of UUV designed to have

  13. The Impact of the Topology on Cascading Failures in a Power Grid Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Mieghem, Piet

    allocation according to Kirchoff Laws. Experimental verification on synthetic power systems showsThe Impact of the Topology on Cascading Failures in a Power Grid Model Yakup Koça,1 Martijn on the IEEE 118 bus power system to improve its robustness against cascading failures. 1. Introduction

  14. Privatizing Public Interest Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, Scott L

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    graduation, she received a public interest law foundation grant to work in the consumer rights project

  15. Chinese Business Law Postgraduate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Einmahl, Uwe

    · Contracts for supply and use of electricity, water, gas or heating · Contracts for donation · Contracts for construction projects · Contracts for transportation · Contracts for technology · Contracts for storage · Financial law · Foreign exchange regulation · Government procurement law · Price fixing regulations Courses

  16. SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kostic, Milivoje M.

    SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS: STATUS AND CHALLENGES San Diego, California, USA 14 ­ 15 June 2011 The First Law of energy conservation was even known (Joule 1843) and long before Thermodynamic concepts were, including this one. The Laws of Thermodynamics have much wider, including philosophical significance

  17. A Fast Method for SRAM Failure Estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Min

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    thesis, a novel and fast failure analysis for SRAM cells isproposed algorithm for SRAM failure analysis is described inAlgorithm for SRAM Failure Analysis Input: random variables

  18. “Playboy Bunny” Sign of Congestive Heart Failure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hokama, Akira; Arakaki, Shingo; Shibata, Daisuke; Maeshiro, Tatsuji; Kinjo, Fukunori; Fujita, Jiro

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bunny’’ Sign of Congestive Heart Failure Akira Hokama, MD*to evaluate congestive heart failure. We highlight ‘‘Playboycaused by congestive heart failure. [West J Emerg Med. 2011;

  19. Combination stem cell therapy for heart failure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to further analyze his heart failure. Com- plete bloodA: Inflammatory markers in stable heart failure and theirof improvement and readmission in heart failure. Eur J Heart

  20. The Law of Hazardous Waste: CERCLA, RCRA, & Common Law Claims

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Law 273.4 The Law of Hazardous Waste: CERCLA, RCRA, & Common Law Claims (Fall 2008) Units: 3 CCN (2, The Law of Hazardous Waste Disposal and Remediation (2d ed. 2005) Syllabus Class 1 ­ August 19 Claims on Federal Law: 1. Miller & Johnston The Law of Hazardous Waste Disposal and Remediation 2. Ch. III, Intro

  1. 94 University of Virginia School of Law law school foundation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acton, Scott

    roger h. Kimmel, Law '71 George Washington University '68 chair alfonso l. carney, Jr., Law '74 Trinity allen c. goolsby iii, Law '68 Yale University '61 Michael J. horvitz, Law '75 University of Pennsylvania helen Mead snyder, Law '87 University of Virginia '83 chief operating officer David h. ibbeken, Law '71

  2. Steam generator tube failures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    MacDonald, P.E.; Shah, V.N.; Ward, L.W.; Ellison, P.G.

    1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A review and summary of the available information on steam generator tubing failures and the impact of these failures on plant safety is presented. The following topics are covered: pressurized water reactor (PWR), Canadian deuterium uranium (CANDU) reactor, and Russian water moderated, water cooled energy reactor (VVER) steam generator degradation, PWR steam generator tube ruptures, the thermal-hydraulic response of a PWR plant with a faulted steam generator, the risk significance of steam generator tube rupture accidents, tubing inspection requirements and fitness-for-service criteria in various countries, and defect detection reliability and sizing accuracy. A significant number of steam generator tubes are defective and are removed from service or repaired each year. This wide spread damage has been caused by many diverse degradation mechanisms, some of which are difficult to detect and predict. In addition, spontaneous tube ruptures have occurred at the rate of about one every 2 years over the last 20 years, and incipient tube ruptures (tube failures usually identified with leak detection monitors just before rupture) have been occurring at the rate of about one per year. These ruptures have caused complex plant transients which have not always been easy for the reactor operators to control. Our analysis shows that if more than 15 tubes rupture during a main steam line break, the system response could lead to core melting. Although spontaneous and induced steam generator tube ruptures are small contributors to the total core damage frequency calculated in probabilistic risk assessments, they are risk significant because the radionuclides are likely to bypass the reactor containment building. The frequency of steam generator tube ruptures can be significantly reduced through appropriate and timely inspections and repairs or removal from service.

  3. Water, law, science

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Narasimhan, T.N.

    2007-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    In a world with water resources severely impacted bytechnology, science must actively contribute to water law. To this end,this paper is an earth scientist s attempt to comprehend essentialelements of water law, and to examine their connections to science.Science and law share a common logical framework of starting with apriori prescribed tenets, and drawing consistent inferences. In science,observationally established physical laws constitute the tenets, while inlaw, they stem from social values. The foundations of modern water law inEurope and the New World were formulated nearly two thousand years ago byRoman jurists who were inspired by Greek philosophy of reason.Recognizing that vital natural elements such as water, air, and the seawere governed by immutable natural laws, they reasoned that theseelements belonged to all humans, and therefore cannot be owned as privateproperty. Legally, such public property was to be governed by jusgentium, the law of all people or the law of all nations. In contrast,jus civile or civil law governed private property. Remarkably, jusgentium continues to be relevant in our contemporary society in whichscience plays a pivotal role in exploiting vital resources common to all.This paper examines the historical roots of modern water law, followstheir evolution through the centuries, and examines how the spirit ofscience inherent in jus gentium is profoundly influencing evolving waterand environmental laws in Europe, the United States and elsewhere. In atechnological world, scientific knowledge has to lie at the core of waterlaw. Yet, science cannot formulate law. It is hoped that a philosophicalunderstanding of the relationships between science and law willcontribute to their constructively coming together in the service ofsociety.

  4. Statistical laws in linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Altmann, Eduardo G

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Zipf's law is just one out of many universal laws proposed to describe statistical regularities in language. Here we review and critically discuss how these laws can be statistically interpreted, fitted, and tested (falsified). The modern availability of large databases of written text allows for tests with an unprecedent statistical accuracy and also a characterization of the fluctuations around the typical behavior. We find that fluctuations are usually much larger than expected based on simplifying statistical assumptions (e.g., independence and lack of correlations between observations).These simplifications appear also in usual statistical tests so that the large fluctuations can be erroneously interpreted as a falsification of the law. Instead, here we argue that linguistic laws are only meaningful (falsifiable) if accompanied by a model for which the fluctuations can be computed (e.g., a generative model of the text). The large fluctuations we report show that the constraints imposed by linguistic laws...

  5. Gas Safety Law (Florida)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This law authorizes the establishment of rules and regulations covering the design, fabrication, installation, inspection, testing and safety standards for installation, operation and maintenance...

  6. College of Law LLM in Oil and Gas Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Ralph R.

    College of Law LLM in Oil and Gas Law New LLM in Oil and Gas Law launched to complement our other internationally acclaimed LLM degrees NEW Holman Fenwick Willan is proud to sponsor the LLM Prize in Oil and Gas impressive range of courses on maritime and commercial law, the new LLM in Oil and Gas Law will allow

  7. Research Report faculty of law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tobar, Michael

    over 80 years. Academics from the Law School have driven legal thought and debate in Western Australia in consumer law. In 2011, the Law School completed research into retail trading hours in Western Australia Stuart Kaye Dean, Faculty of Law Dean's message The University of Western Australia | 01 #12;02 | law

  8. law.wlu.edu 121School of Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dresden, Gregory

    . Bentley Professor of Law Scott E. Sundby, J.D. Sydney and Frances Lewis Professor of Law Sarah Kirsten Zanolli Natkin, J.D. Clinical Professor of Law Clifford R. Larsen, M.A., J.D. Professor of Law Ronald J.M. Professor of Law and Director, Frances Lewis Law Center Darryl K. Brown, M.A., J.D. Class of 1958 Alumni

  9. Law School Admissions Panel Law School representatives will discuss the law school admissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brinkmann, Peter

    Law School Admissions Panel Law School representatives will discuss the law school admissions process and talk about their respective schools in a panel discussion format. Join us and learn how in Law School Admissions Panel epresentatives will discuss the law school admissions process and talk

  10. Solar Easements and Rights Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Washington's solar easement laws are similar to those in many other states. The law does not create an automatic right to sunlight. Rather, the law allows parties to enter into solar easement...

  11. TOPOGRAPHIES LAW / DROIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabry, Frederic

    Gill 3644, rue Peel Montréal (Québec) H3A 1W9 www.mcgill.ca/law en couveRtuRe IF YOU'RE A REGULAR REAd

  12. Law and Corporate Governance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fligstein, Neil; Choo, Jennifer

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1997. A survey of corporate governance. J. Finan. 52(2):737-1999. Employees and Corporate Governance. Washington, DC:structural change in corporate governance. J. Law Soc. 27(

  13. Immigration Outside the Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Motomura, Hiroshi

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Local Immigration Laws, 61 SMU L. Rev. 47, 53 (2008) (notingWhat Is a “Sanctuary”? , 61 SMU L. Rev. 133, 151–54 (2008) (Improve Income Distribution, 61 SMU L. Rev. 23, 25 (2008) (

  14. Strip Mine Law (Missouri)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This law authorizes the Land Reclamation Commission of the Department of Natural Resources to adopt and promulgate rules and regulations pertaining to strip mining of coal and reclamation, review...

  15. Unjust Laws and Illegal Norms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carbonara, Emanuela; Parisi, Francesco; Wangenheim, Georg von

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Unjust Laws and Illegal Norms ? Emanuela Carbonara 1 -imposing a fine for a given illegal activity, the law raisesto peer technology for illegal music downloading. identifies

  16. Conditions Required by Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Javed I.

    No No Sto H 2 NoIs it required by law "Violence on children"?164.512 (c) (1) H CE may disclose to government to LEO HCE may not disclose to LEO H No Yes No Required by law: "reporting certain type of injuries"? H disclose to LEO H 164.512 (f) (1) (ii) (C)(2) It provides that the request is specific and limited in scope

  17. Autonomous thruster failure recovery for underactuated spacecraft

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pong, Christopher Masaru

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Thruster failures historically account for a large percentage of failures that have occurred on orbit. Therefore, autonomous thruster failure detection, isolation, and recovery (FDIR) is an essential component to any robust ...

  18. The Law of Hazardous Waste: CERCLA, RCRA, & Common Law Claims

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Law 273.4 The Law of Hazardous Waste: CERCLA, RCRA, & Common Law Claims (Fall 2006) Units: 3 CCN (2 of Hazardous Waste Disposal and Remediation (2d ed. 2005) Syllabus Class 1 ­ August 22 Claims Based on Common: 1. Miller & Johnston The Law of Hazardous Waste Disposal and Remediation 2. Ch. III, Intro to RCRA

  19. The Evolving LawThe Evolving Law of Software Quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    definitive summaries f th C Lof the Common Law · These Principles needed because Congress and stateThe Evolving LawThe Evolving Law of Software Quality Cem Kaner, J.D., Ph.D. Florida Institute on Law and Ethics in Software Engineering." Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations

  20. 94 University of Virginia School of Law Law School Foundation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acton, Scott

    94 University of Virginia School of Law Law School Foundation Board of Trustees Roger H. Kimmel of Notre Dame '62 Stanford University '70 Allen C. Goolsby III, Law '68 Yale University '61 Michael J Officer David H. Ibbeken, Law '71 Princeton University '63 President Emeritus On June 30, 2010 #12;

  1. FAILURE DATA ANALYSIS OF THE SUPERHILAC RADIO FREQUENCY SUBSYSTEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Mark K.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Applications to Failure Data Analysis," in RELIABILITY ANDLBL-8631 FAILURE DATA ANALYSIS OF THE SUPERHILAC RADIOinterest in our failure data analysis. If the failure rate

  2. The Copernican Model and Kepler's Laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howard, Don

    and Kepler's Laws Galileo on Motion Newton's Principia Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation Some Old

  3. A network approach for power grid robustness against cascading failures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xiangrong; Kooij, Robert E; Van Mieghem, Piet

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cascading failures are one of the main reasons for blackouts in electrical power grids. Stable power supply requires a robust design of the power grid topology. Currently, the impact of the grid structure on the grid robustness is mainly assessed by purely topological metrics, that fail to capture the fundamental properties of the electrical power grids such as power flow allocation according to Kirchhoff's laws. This paper deploys the effective graph resistance as a metric to relate the topology of a grid to its robustness against cascading failures. Specifically, the effective graph resistance is deployed as a metric for network expansions (by means of transmission line additions) of an existing power grid. Four strategies based on network properties are investigated to optimize the effective graph resistance, accordingly to improve the robustness, of a given power grid at a low computational complexity. Experimental results suggest the existence of Braess's paradox in power grids: bringing an additional li...

  4. Law as Economy: Convention, Corporation, Currency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrett, Jeffrey A.

    1015 Law as Economy: Convention, Corporation, Currency Ritu Birla* I. Law as Economy: Nomos. Law Inside/Outside Economy of an orthodox faith in economy as universal law, that is, in the free market as the law of the universe

  5. A simple approach to modeling ductile failure.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wellman, Gerald William

    2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sandia National Laboratories has the need to predict the behavior of structures after the occurrence of an initial failure. In some cases determining the extent of failure, beyond initiation, is required, while in a few cases the initial failure is a design feature used to tailor the subsequent load paths. In either case, the ability to numerically simulate the initiation and propagation of failures is a highly desired capability. This document describes one approach to the simulation of failure initiation and propagation.

  6. FACULTY OF LAW Centre for Commercial Law Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tan, Chew Lim

    FACULTY OF LAW Centre for Commercial Law Studies SEMINAR ON FINANCIAL REGULATORY REFORM Obama recently signed into law a package of financial regulatory reforms unparalleled in scope and depth since the 1930s. The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act is intended

  7. The Impact of the Topology on Cascading Failures in Electric Power Grids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koç, Yakup; Van Mieghem, Piet; Kooij, Robert E; Brazier, Frances M T

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cascading failures are one of the main reasons for blackouts in power transmission grids. The topology of a power grid, together with its operative state determine, for the most part, the robustness of the power grid against cascading failures. Secure electrical power supply requires, together with careful operation, a robust design of the electrical power grid topology. This paper investigates the impact of a power grid topology on its robustness against cascading failures. Currently, the impact of the topology on a grid robustness is mainly assessed by using purely topological approaches that fail to capture the essence of electric power flow. This paper proposes a metric, the effective graph resistance, that relates the topology of a power grid to its robustness against cascading failures by deliberate attacks, while also taking the fundamental characteristics of the electric power grid into account such as power flow allocation according to Kirchoff Laws. Experimental verification shows that the proposed ...

  8. Knight Law Center Eugene, Oregon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oregon, University of

    Knight Law Center Eugene, Oregon ASHRAE Level I Energy Audit June 2011 Prepared for University................................................................................................................................. 6 Energy Audit Procedure and Results.................................................................................................................................................. 22 #12;| ASHRAE Level One Energy Audit3 SUMMARY The William W. Knight Law Center is a four story

  9. Solar Easements and Rights Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Maryland has a long-standing law protecting the rights of solar energy system owners. The original law prohibited restrictive land use covenants that imposed unreasonable limitations on the...

  10. TREE FAILURES AND ACCIDENTS IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Standiford, Richard B.

    .DEPARTMENT O F AGRICULTURE GENERAL TECHNICAL REPORT PSW- 24 #12;TREE FAILURES AND ACCIDENTS IN RECREATION are major concerns. Injuries, fatalities, and high property losses occur each year as a result of tree losses associated with public occupancy. Hazard reduction can limit such losses to predefined levels

  11. School of Law Reykjavk University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karlsson, Brynjar

    in the case law of the European Court of Human Rights. Stage and Intermediate Meeting FBE. FEDERATION BARREAUX

  12. FINANCIAL AID FOR LAW SCHOOL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaminsky, Werner

    FINANCIAL AID FOR LAW SCHOOL: A PRELIMINARY GUIDE LSAC.org #12;INTRODUCTION Legal education education is the financial aid office (or the website) of any LSAC-member law school. LSAC.org provides links to many law schools as well as several good sources of financial aid information. The cost

  13. Optimization Online - Constraint Qualification Failure in Second ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassan L. Hijazi

    2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Jul 22, 2014 ... ... Qualification Failure in Second-Order Cone Formulations of Unbounded Disjunctions" Technical Report - NICTA, Canberra ACT Australia, ...

  14. SYNTHETIC SLING FAILURE - EVALUATIONS & RECOMMENDATIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    MACKEY TC; HENDERSON CS

    2009-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The information and evaluations provided in this report were compiled to address the recurring problem of synthetic sling failure. As safety is the number one priority in all work aspects, a solution must be devised to prevent accidents from occurring. A total of thirteen cases regarding synthetic sling failure were evaluated in order to determine their causes, effects, and preventative measures. From the collected data, it was found that all cases in which the synthetic sling contacted the edge of its load resulted in sling failure. It is required that adequate synthetic sling protection devices be used to protect slings in any lift where the sling comes in direct contact with the edge or corner of its load. However, there are no consensus codes or standards stating the type, material, or purpose of the type of protective device used to protect the sling from being cut. Numerous industry standards and codes provide vague descriptions on how to protect synthetic slings. Without a clear, concise statement of how to protect synthetic slings, it is common for inadequate materials and sling protection devices to be used in an attempt to meet the intent of these requirements. The use of an inadequate sling protection device is the main cause of synthetic sling failure in all researched cases. Commercial sling protection devices come in many shapes and sizes, and have a variety of names, as well as advertised uses. 'Abrasion pads' and 'wear protectors' are two different names for products with the same intended purpose. There is no distinguishable way to determine the extent of sling protection which these devices will provide, or what specific scenarios they are made for. This creates room for error in a field where error is unacceptable. This report provides a recommended action for hoisting and rigging activities which require synthetic slings to contact a load, as well as recommended changes to industry standards which will benefit overall industry safety.

  15. Abduction Compared with Negation by Failure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koehn, Philipp

    Abduction Compared with Negation by Failure K. Eshghi * Hewlett Packard Laboratories programming can be extended to include abduction with integrity constraints. In the resulting extension for negation by failure, which generalises the stable model semantics of negation by failure. The abductive

  16. Failure prognostic by using Dynamic Bayesian Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    to failures and their maintenance ex- pensive. To keep them in good operational conditions, maintenance to the ISO standard (ISO, 13381-1 (2004)), failure prognostic corresponds to the estimation of the operating presents a procedure for failure prognostic by using Dynamic Bayesian Networks (DBNs). The graphical

  17. NON-DESTRUCTIVE FAILURE PREDICTION FOR BRITTLE SOLIDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, A.G.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on the basis of detailed failure analyses conducted on thisprobabilities enter the analysis: the failure probability,failure model, Such techniques involve the detection and analysis

  18. GROUND PLANE INSULATION FAILURE IN THE FIRST TPC SUPERCONDUCTING COIL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Green, M.A.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is WIUUTEO GROUND PLANE INSULATION FAILURE IN THE FIRST TPCOn August 27, 1980, an insulation failure occurred dt-ringby a failure uf ground plane insulation. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The

  19. Term statistics Zipf's law text statistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Jianguo

    Term statistics Zipf's law text statistics October 20, 2014 text statistics 1 / 19 #12;Term statistics Zipf's law Overview 1 Term statistics 2 Zipf's law text statistics 2 / 19 #12;Term statistics Zipf's law Outline 1 Term statistics 2 Zipf's law text statistics 3 / 19 #12;Term statistics Zipf's law Model

  20. California Environmental Law & Policy Issues (Fall 2008)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Law 273.71 California Environmental Law & Policy Issues (Fall 2008) Units: 2 CCN (2Ls/3Ls): 49696 for Environmental Law & Policy and a Lecturer in Residence at Boalt Hall School of Law. He received his law degree of key California environmental law and policy issues. Guest speakers include a distinguished group

  1. Solar Easements and Rights Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Indiana state law includes both covenant restrictions and solar easement provisions. The state's covenant restrictions prevent planning and zoning authorities from prohibiting or unreasonably...

  2. Solar Easements and Rights Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Solar access provisions in the General Laws of Massachusetts allow for the creation of voluntary solar easements to protect solar exposure and authorizes zoning rules that prohibit unreasonable...

  3. A Note on Han Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Wallace

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    - sages and discusses them at length in his book, Remnants of Han Law, Vol. I. 3 One of these statutes is entitled chu mai cheng ???. 4 What this particular phrase means has puzzled scholars over the centuries. In modern times Shen Jiaben? ?? (A... as a discussion of the text. 2 His biography mentions a Treatise on Law (Fa lun ??), a General Treatise on:Law (Lü lüe lun ???) and other works.. 3 A.F.P Hulsewé, Remnants of Han Law: Vol. 1. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1955, p. 33ff. A complete...

  4. POSTGRADUATE GUIDE SCHOOL OF LAW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levi, Ran

    for the oil industry, Aberdeen's influence stretches far beyond the local region. Leading oil companies Over 500 years of teaching and research excellence A top UK Law School Dedicated Law Library containing,000 and a large international community of students drawn from 120 different countries. Ranked in the top 1

  5. Relativistic dynamics without conservation laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernhard Rothenstein; Stefan Popescu

    2006-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that relativistic dynamics can be approached without using conservation laws (conservation of momentum, of energy and of the centre of mass). Our approach avoids collisions that are not easy to teach without mnemonic aids. The derivations are based on the principle of relativity and on its direct consequence, the addition law of relativistic velocities.

  6. 40th Indian Law Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Federal Bar Association is hosting the 40th Annual Indian Law Conference. This two-day conference focuses on the significant changes that have occurred in the relationship between Tribal Nations and the United States in the last four decades. The conference will cover several topics, including climate change, Indian Law, tribal courts, and more.

  7. Say's Law and modern macroeconomics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Allen, Laurel Cameron

    2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Many economists have debated the interpretation of what is known as "Say's Law of markets"; it has been the subject of controversy for two centuries. Jean Baptiste Say describes Say's Law by noting that the "success of one branch of commerce...

  8. A review of macroscopic ductile failure criteria.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Corona, Edmundo; Reedlunn, Benjamin

    2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this work was to describe several of the ductile failure criteria com- monly used to solve practical problems. The following failure models were considered: equivalent plastic strain, equivalent plastic strain in tension, maximum shear, Mohr- Coulomb, Wellman's tearing parameter, Johnson-Cook and BCJ MEM. The document presents the main characteristics of each failure model as well as sample failure predic- tions for simple proportional loading stress histories in three dimensions and in plane stress. Plasticity calculations prior to failure were conducted with a simple, linear hardening, J2 plasticity model. The resulting failure envelopes were plotted in prin- cipal stress space and plastic strain space, where the dependence on stress triaxiality and Lode angle are clearly visible. This information may help analysts select a ductile fracture model for a practical problem and help interpret analysis results.

  9. Failure analysis issues in microelectromechanical systems (MEMS).

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walraven, Jeremy Allen

    2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Failure analysis and device characterization of MEMS components are critical steps in understanding the root causes of failure and improving device performance. At the wafer and die level these tasks can be performed with little or no sample preparation. Larger challenges occur after fabrication when the device is packaged, capped, sealed, or otherwise obstructed from view. The challenges and issues of MEMS failure analysis lie in identifying the root cause of failure for these packaged, capped, and sealed devices without perturbing the device or its immediate environment. Novel methods of gaining access to the device or preparing the device for analysis are crucial to accurately determining the root cause of failure. This paper will discuss issues identified in performing root cause failure analysis of packaged MEMS devices, as well as the methods employed to analyze them.

  10. Light water reactor lower head failure analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rempe, J.L.; Chavez, S.A.; Thinnes, G.L. [EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)] [and others

    1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document presents the results from a US Nuclear Regulatory Commission-sponsored research program to investigate the mode and timing of vessel lower head failure. Major objectives of the analysis were to identify plausible failure mechanisms and to develop a method for determining which failure mode would occur first in different light water reactor designs and accident conditions. Failure mechanisms, such as tube ejection, tube rupture, global vessel failure, and localized vessel creep rupture, were studied. Newly developed models and existing models were applied to predict which failure mechanism would occur first in various severe accident scenarios. So that a broader range of conditions could be considered simultaneously, calculations relied heavily on models with closed-form or simplified numerical solution techniques. Finite element techniques-were employed for analytical model verification and examining more detailed phenomena. High-temperature creep and tensile data were obtained for predicting vessel and penetration structural response.

  11. School of Law Web Policy Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almor, Amit

    School of Law Web Policy Introduction The University of South Carolina School of Law website is an important communications mechanism. The University of South Carolina School of Law website includes the main School of Law website, separate School of Law centers and program sites and student journal sites

  12. Addressing failures in exascale computing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Snir, Marc; Wisniewski, Robert W.; Abraham, Jacob A.; Adve, Sarita; Bagchi, Saurabh; Balaji, Pavan; Belak, Jim; Bose, Pradip; Cappello, Franck; Carlson, William; Chien, Andrew A.; Coteus, Paul; Debardeleben, Nathan A.; Diniz, Pedro; Engelmann, Christian; Erez, Mattan; Saverio, Fazzari; Geist, Al; Gupta, Rinku; Johnson, Fred; Krishnamoorthy, Sriram; Leyffer, Sven; Liberty, Dean; Mitra, Subhasish; Munson, Todd; Schreiber, Robert; Stearly, Jon; Van Hensbergen, Eric

    2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present here a report produced by a workshop on “Addressing Failures in Exascale Computing” held in Park City, Utah, August 4–11, 2012. The charter of this workshop was to establish a common taxonomy about resilience across all the levels in a computing system; discuss existing knowledge on resilience across the various hardware and software layers of an exascale system; and build on those results, examining potential solutions from both a hardware and software perspective and focusing on a combined approach. The workshop brought together participants with expertise in applications, system software, and hardware; they came from industry, government, and academia; and their interests ranged from theory to implementation. The combination allowed broad and comprehensive discussions and led to this document, which summarizes and builds on those discussions.

  13. Addressing Failures in Exascale Computing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Snir, Marc [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL)] [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Wisniewski, Robert [Intel Corporation] [Intel Corporation; Abraham, Jacob [unknown] [unknown; Adve, Sarita [University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign] [University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign; Bagchi, Saurabh [Purdue University] [Purdue University; Balaji, Pavan [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL)] [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Belak, J. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL)] [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Bose, Pradip [IBM T. J. Watson Research Center] [IBM T. J. Watson Research Center; Cappello, Franck [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL)] [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Carlson, Bill [unknown] [unknown; Chien, Andrew [University of Chicago] [University of Chicago; Coteus, Paul [IBM T. J. Watson Research Center] [IBM T. J. Watson Research Center; DeBardeleben, Nathan [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)] [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Diniz, Pedro [University of Southern California] [University of Southern California; Engelmann, Christian [ORNL] [ORNL; Erez, Mattan [University of Texas at Austin] [University of Texas at Austin; Fazzari, Saverio [Booz Allen Hamilton] [Booz Allen Hamilton; Geist, Al [ORNL] [ORNL; Gupta, Rinku [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL)] [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Johnson, Fred [Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC), Oak Ridge, TN] [Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC), Oak Ridge, TN; Krishnamoorthy, Sriram [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL)] [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL); Leyffer, Sven [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL)] [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Liberty, Dean [AMD] [AMD; Mitra, Subhasish [Stanford University] [Stanford University; Munson, Todd [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL)] [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Schreiber, Rob [HP Labs] [HP Labs; Stearley, Jon [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL)] [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL); Van Hensbergen, Eric [ARM] [ARM

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present here a report produced by a workshop on Addressing failures in exascale computing' held in Park City, Utah, 4-11 August 2012. The charter of this workshop was to establish a common taxonomy about resilience across all the levels in a computing system, discuss existing knowledge on resilience across the various hardware and software layers of an exascale system, and build on those results, examining potential solutions from both a hardware and software perspective and focusing on a combined approach. The workshop brought together participants with expertise in applications, system software, and hardware; they came from industry, government, and academia, and their interests ranged from theory to implementation. The combination allowed broad and comprehensive discussions and led to this document, which summarizes and builds on those discussions.

  14. Contracting Out of National Law: An Empirical Look at the New Law Merchant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drahozal, Christopher R.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    law,” the “lex mercatoria,” the “new law merchant,” “transnational commercial law,” or the like. An extensive scholarly literature explores the theory of transnational commercial law and seeks to derive its governing principles from international...

  15. CLINICAL RESEARCH Heart failure/cardiomyopathy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duncan, James S.

    RESEARCH Heart failure/cardiomyopathy Preserved left ventricular twist and circumferential deformation, but depressed longitudinal and radial deformation in patients with diastolic heart failure Jianwen Wang, Dirar SBakey Heart Center, The Methodist Hospital, Houston, TX 77030-2717, USA Received 27 September 2007; revised 15

  16. Louisiana Air Control Law (Louisiana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This law states regulations for air quality control and states the powers and duties of the secretary of environmental quality. It provides information about permits and licenses, air quality...

  17. Technetium Retention During LAW Vitrification

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Product Melt Pool Bubbling Unagitated JHCM (West Valley, DWPF prior to October 2010, Germany, Japan) Agitated JHCM (M-Area, WTP LAW, WTP HLW, DWPF after October 2010) * WTP HLW...

  18. Missouri Air Conservation Law (Missouri)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This law's purpose is to maintain the purity of the air resources of the state to protect the health, general welfare and physical property of the people, maximum employment and the full industrial...

  19. Surface Coal Mining Law (Missouri)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This law aims to provide for the regulation of coal mining in order to minimize or prevent its adverse effects, protect the environment to the extent possible, protect landowner rights, and...

  20. Law School Event Composting Guide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    Law School Event Composting Guide HLS SUSTAINABILITY PROGRAM JANUARY 2011 Thank you for your interest in event composting! Separating materials for composting is easy, and organic materials comprise a significant portion of event waste. Composting instead

  1. Clean Water Partnership Law (Minnesota)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The main purpose of the Clean Water Partnership Law is to provide financial and technical assistance to local governments for the protection, enhancement, and restoration of surface waters. However...

  2. Georgia Waste Control Law (Georgia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Waste Control Law makes it unlawful to dump waste in any lakes, streams or surfaces waters of the State or on any private property without consent of the property owner. Waste is very broadly...

  3. Solar and Wind Permitting Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    New Jersey has enacted three separate laws addressing local permitting practices for solar and wind energy facilities. The first deals with solar and wind facilities located in industrial-zoned...

  4. Securities Law Issues Relating to Community Solar Projects

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The law firm Stoel Rives has analyzed the issues related to Securities Law and Community Solar both in the context of Washington state law and federal law.

  5. Louisiana Hazardous Waste Control Law (Louisiana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality is responsible for administering the Louisiana Hazardous Waste Control Law and the regulations created under that law.

  6. Electric power monthly, May 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This publication presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and Stage agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. Purpose is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. EIA collected the information to fulfill its data collection and dissemination responsibilities in Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275) as amended.

  7. Electric Power monthly, November 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This publication presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and state agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. Purpose is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. EIA collected the information in this report to fulfill its data collection and dissemination responsibilities as specified in the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275) as amended.

  8. The University of Tennessee LAW WOMEN CONSTITUTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tennessee, University of

    The University of Tennessee LAW WOMEN CONSTITUTION MISSION STATEMENT The Mission Statement for Law community. Law Women strives to: · Raise awareness of issues related to women's participation community that address issues of concern to women. MEMBERSHIP, OFFICERS, & COMMITTEES 1. Law Women

  9. Kepler's Laws The equation of motion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knörrer, Horst

    of a gravitational field created by point mass that is fixed at the origin. FIGURE Newton's laws give the basic. By Newton's law on gravition, the force exerted by the fixed mass on the movable mass is in the direction and Kepler's laws imply the universal law on gravitation. See ??? 2 #12;the the semimajor axis of the ellipse

  10. Improving service availability during link failure transients through alternate routing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vellanki, Siridhar

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A link failure in a network results in interruption of service for many end users. Currently, routers observing a link failure, recompute their routing tables to find new routes around the failure. However, the network drops packets in the transient...

  11. Sandia National Laboratories: Failure Mode and Effect Analysis...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ProcessFailure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) Tutorial Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) Tutorial Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) Tutorial (SAND2012-0602W) Tagged...

  12. Impact of Motor Failures on Payback Periods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheek, K. F.; Pillay, P.; Dudley, K. J.

    This paper uses MotorMaster and Vaughen's Complete Price Guide to determine payback periods for different motor failure scenarios. Some scenarios considered are rewinds, reconditions, and replacement of bearings. Prices for these repairs...

  13. Autonomous Thruster Failure Recovery for Underactuated Spacecraft

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Miller September 2010 SSL #13­10 #12;2 #12;Autonomous Thruster Failure Recovery for Underactuated Spacecraft Christopher Masaru Pong, David W. Miller September 2010 SSL #12­11 This work is based

  14. NREL Test-to-Failure Protocol (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hacke, P.

    2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The presentation describes the test-to-failure protocol that was developed and piloted at NREL, stressing PV modules with multiple applications of damp heat (with bias) and thermal cycling until they fail.

  15. Individual Reactions to Failure in Virtual Teams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diaz, Ismael

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    were more situational than attributions in the distributed condition, which were more dispositional. This finding supports the notion that collaboration configuration is important for understanding reactions to teammate failure....

  16. Universitat Augsburg Failure-Sensitive Specification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reif, Wolfgang

    techniques like fault tree analysis (FTA) [14], failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA), or preliminary as well. In this context we already formalized techniques like FTA [12][4] or FMEA. This paper presents

  17. Integrating Electricity Subsector Failure Scenarios into a Risk...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Integrating Electricity Subsector Failure Scenarios into a Risk Assessment Methodology (December 2013) Integrating Electricity Subsector Failure Scenarios into a Risk Assessment...

  18. DOE Collects Civil Penalties for Failure to Certify Consumer...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Collects Civil Penalties for Failure to Certify Consumer Refrigeration Products DOE Collects Civil Penalties for Failure to Certify Consumer Refrigeration Products April 22, 2015 -...

  19. Transport and Failure in Li-ion Batteries | Stanford Synchrotron...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    is well predicted by the macrohomogeneous model of Newman and co-workers, predicting degradation and failure remains a challenge. It may be that, like most materials, failure...

  20. Sandia National Laboratories: Sandian Presents on PV Failure...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Modeling & SimulationSandian Presents on PV Failure Analysis at European PV Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition (EU PVSC) Sandian Presents on PV Failure Analysis...

  1. abc heart failure: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    symptoms of acute heart failure and consecutive multiorgan failure for further treatment and to evaluate the indication for implantation of a ventricular assist device or...

  2. Law 275 sec. 1 The Environmental Law Workshop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    -oriented government intervention. With a relatively small budget and no authority to impose household solid waste Center for Law & Technology Abstract: "An Economic Assessment of Market-Based Approaches to Regulating the Municipal Solid Waste Stream" In the late 1980s and early 1990s, it was widely reported that the United

  3. Research Report faculty of law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tobar, Michael

    for the ageing population in Western Australia. In addition, the Crime Research Centre continues to host. Professor Erika J Techera Dean, Faculty of Law © JOAN COSTA 2013 The University of Western Australia | 01 Research student profile | 07 Crime Research Centre | 09 The Centre for Mining, Energy and Natural

  4. COLLEGE OF LAW UNDERGRADUATE STUDIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Ralph R.

    university research centres in the areas of Environmental and Energy Law and Policy, Criminal Justice and staff from over forty countries, including countries in Europe, the Middle East, Africa, Asia and North and South America. You will make enduring friendships here and build lasting memories of your time with us

  5. BA Philosophy, Politics and Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harman, Neal.A.

    BA Philosophy, Politics and Law (PPL) Module Information 2013-2014 Arts and Humanities College of www.swansea.ac.uk/artsandhumanities Department of Politcial and Cultural Studies #12;PPL at Swansea Swansea offers one of only two PPL degrees in the UK. Building on the successfully launch of our PPE

  6. Fourier's Law from Closure Equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jean Bricmont; Antti Kupiainen

    2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We give a rigorous derivation of Fourier's law from a system of closure equations for a nonequilibrium stationary state of a Hamiltonian system of coupled oscillators subjected to heat baths on the boundary. The local heat flux is proportional to the temperature gradient with a temperature dependent heat conductivity and the stationary temperature exhibits a nonlinear profile.

  7. CCPPolicyBriefing Competition Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feigon, Brooke

    actions (paragraphs 26 to 27). The Green Paper lays out a range of "options" for how private enforcement · A plaintiff initiates a private action based on an alleged breach of competition law. It must provide all for the Revelation of Private Information The ESRC Centre for Competition Policy (CCP), at the University of East

  8. Wind Access and Permitting Law

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In July 2009, the Delaware legislature enacted a law ([http://www.legis.delaware.gov/LIS/LIS145.NSF/bfa9b1a8c49c444f852568c0005... HS 1 for H.B. 70]) prohibiting unreasonable public and private...

  9. Beyond Unions, Notwithstanding Labor Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loudon, Catherine

    regime created by the National Labor Relations Act of 1935 (NLRA)1--once core elements of the nation, enforcement strategies, and rulemaking abilities.4 The labor law itself has been transformed into a weapon movement is critical to achieving a more egalitarian distribution of wealth. As the NLRA's statement

  10. Philadelphia University Faculty of law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    protection law, nationality Course Level: First year Credit hours:Lecture Time: 3 Credit Hours Academic Staff to write and prepare articles, reports and research papers in addition to training them for legal writing, in terms of its sources and historical development. · Communication skills (personal and academic

  11. The Academic Law Library in the 21st Century: Still the Heart of the Law School

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loudon, Catherine

    School should not open at all. Needless to say, construction of the UC Irvine Law Library went forward, Irvine School of Law (UC Irvine Law), I was asked my opinion of a proposal to delay construction

  12. Copyright (c) 2009 Georgetown Journal on Poverty Law & Policy Georgetown Journal on Poverty Law & Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Pei

    Page 1 Copyright (c) 2009 Georgetown Journal on Poverty Law & Policy Georgetown Journal on Poverty Law & Policy Spring, 2009 16 Geo. J. Poverty Law & Pol'y 273 SPEECH: The Redefined Hero: Discovering

  13. A streamlined failure mode and effects analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ford, Eric C., E-mail: eford@uw.edu; Smith, Koren; Terezakis, Stephanie; Croog, Victoria; Gollamudi, Smitha; Gage, Irene; Keck, Jordie; DeWeese, Theodore; Sibley, Greg [Department of Radiation Oncology and Molecular Radiation Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21287 (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology and Molecular Radiation Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21287 (United States)

    2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Explore the feasibility and impact of a streamlined failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) using a structured process that is designed to minimize staff effort. Methods: FMEA for the external beam process was conducted at an affiliate radiation oncology center that treats approximately 60 patients per day. A structured FMEA process was developed which included clearly defined roles and goals for each phase. A core group of seven people was identified and a facilitator was chosen to lead the effort. Failure modes were identified and scored according to the FMEA formalism. A risk priority number,RPN, was calculated and used to rank failure modes. Failure modes with RPN > 150 received safety improvement interventions. Staff effort was carefully tracked throughout the project. Results: Fifty-two failure modes were identified, 22 collected during meetings, and 30 from take-home worksheets. The four top-ranked failure modes were: delay in film check, missing pacemaker protocol/consent, critical structures not contoured, and pregnant patient simulated without the team's knowledge of the pregnancy. These four failure modes hadRPN > 150 and received safety interventions. The FMEA was completed in one month in four 1-h meetings. A total of 55 staff hours were required and, additionally, 20 h by the facilitator. Conclusions: Streamlined FMEA provides a means of accomplishing a relatively large-scale analysis with modest effort. One potential value of FMEA is that it potentially provides a means of measuring the impact of quality improvement efforts through a reduction in risk scores. Future study of this possibility is needed.

  14. PHILOSOPHY, POLITICS,PHILOSOPHY, POLITICS,PHILOSOPHY, POLITICS, & LAW& LAW& LAW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krylov, Anna I.

    of USC. The Unruh Research in Applied Politics Program supports research that addresses political topics of concern to the polity. Study Abroad: Explore the origins of Western philosophy by spending a year -- Nature, origin, and development of international law; basic principles analyzed and illustrated

  15. Electrical overstress failure in silicon solar cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pease, R.L.; Barnum, J.R.; van Lint, V.A.J.; Vulliet, W.V.; Wrobel, T.F.

    1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A solar-cell electrical-overstress-failure model and the results of experimental measurements of threshold pulsed failure currents on four types of silicon solar cells are presented. The transient EMP field surrounding a lightning stroke has been identified as a potential threat to a photovoltaic array, yet failure analysis of solar cells in a pulsed environment had not previously been reported. Failure in the low-resistivity concentrator cells at pulse widths between 1 ..mu..s and 1 ms occurred initially in the junction. Finger damage in the form of silver melting occurs at currents only slightly greater than that required for junction damage. The result of reverse-bias transient-overstress tests on high-resistivity (10 ..cap omega..cm) cells demonstrated that the predominant failure mode was due to edge currents. These flat-plate cells failed at currents of only 4 to 20 A, which is one or two orders of magnitude below the model predictions. It thus appears that high-resistivity flat-plate cells are quite vulnerable to electrical overstress which could be produced by a variety of mechanisms.

  16. UTILITIES PROBLEMS AND FAILURES Electrical or plumbing failure/Flooding/Water leak/Natural gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    UTILITIES PROBLEMS AND FAILURES Electrical or plumbing failure/Flooding/Water leak/Natural gas for electrical shock. NOTIFY University Police. What should I do if I smell natural or propane gas? LEAVE/Repair line, 7-6333, or CALL the Campus University Police or Security at (561) 297-3500 or 911

  17. UTILITIES PROBLEMS AND FAILURES ELECTRICAL OR PLUMBING FAILURE/FLOODING/WATER LEAK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    UTILITIES PROBLEMS AND FAILURES ELECTRICAL OR PLUMBING FAILURE/FLOODING/WATER LEAK NATURAL GAS - F 8a - 5p HBOI@FAU Security (772) 216-1124 Afterhours, Weekends or Holidays What should I do Police 911. · NOTIFY Building Safety personnel when possible. What should I do if I smell natural

  18. UTILITIES PROBLEMS AND FAILURES Electrical or plumbing failure/Flooding/Water leak/Natural gas or

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    UTILITIES PROBLEMS AND FAILURES Electrical or plumbing failure/Flooding/Water leak/Natural gas Physical Plant (772) 242-2246 M - F 8a - 5p (954) 762-5040 HBOI@FAU Security (772) 216-1124 Afterhours University Police. NOTIFY Building Safety personnel when possible. What should I do if I smell natural

  19. law.wayne.edu 2014 Admissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berdichevsky, Victor

    law.wayne.edu 2014 Admissions Bulletin Blake Edwards Damon J. Keith Legacy Scholar Class of 2015 State University Board of Governors Wayne Law Board of Visitors Debbie Dingell, chair Gary S. Pollard

  20. An Economics-Based Second Law Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mistry, Karan Hemant

    Second Law efficiency is a useful parameter for characterizing the energy requirements of a system in relation to the limits of performance prescribed by the Laws of Thermodynamics. However, since energy costs typically ...

  1. Corrosion failures of austenitic stainless steel piping

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Louthan, M.R. Jr.

    1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The safe and efficient operation of many chemical/industrial systems requires the continued integrity of the process piping; this is achieved through a complex series of interactions influenced by design, fabrication, construction, operation, inspection and lay-up requirements. Potential material-enviroment interactions are frequently, if evaluated at all, relegated to secondary considerations. This tendency virtually assures corrosion induced degradation of the process piping systems. Pitting, crevice attack, stress cracking, microbiologically influenced corrosion, intergranular attack and corrosion fatigue have caused leaks, cracks, failures and shutdown of numerous process systems. This paper uses the lessons learned from failure analysis to emphasize the importance of an integrated material program to system success. The necessity of continuing evaluation if also emphasized through examples of failures which were associated with materials-environment interactions caused by slight alterations of processes and/or systems.

  2. SCHOOL OF LAW WILLIAM S. BOYD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hemmers, Oliver

    SCHOOL OF LAW WILLIAM S. BOYD HigHligHts At the William S. Boyd School of Law, we are educating ethical and effective lawyers and leaders. We are a young law school ­ less than 15 years old. And we had the privilege of building this school from the ground up: imagining the ideal legal education, modeling best

  3. The School of Business, Economics and Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harding, Karin

    The School of Business, Economics and Law 2009ANNUAL MAGAZINE EFMD #12;Graphic design & production of Gothenburg, Jeffrey Johns/School of Business, Economics and Law, Maria Norrström/School of Business at the School of Business, Economics and Law in Gothenburg Photo by: Niklas Bernstone The School

  4. ANU COLLEGE OF LAW Dr James Prest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for Climate Law and Policy Canberra ACT 0200 Australia Telephone: +61 2 6125 1689 Facsimile: +61 2 6125 4899.sen@aph.gov.au 29 August 2008 Re: Renewable Energy (Electricity) Amendment (Feed-In Tariff) Bill 2008 the operation of laws to encourage deployment of renewable energy, conducted at the ANU Centre for Climate Law

  5. Molecular Cell Signaling Motifs and Weber's Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Molecular Cell Previews Signaling Motifs and Weber's Law James E. Ferrell, Jr.1,* 1Department that Weber's law of sensory perception may apply to a number of cell signaling processes. Most of us can shouting in our ear. This is the essence of Weber's law, put forward by the German physiologist Ernst Weber

  6. Testing Type Class Laws Johan Jeuring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    ]. Instances of Monad should satisfy the following laws: return a>>=k k a m >>=return m m >>=(x k x>>=h) (m>>=k)>>=hTesting Type Class Laws Johan Jeuring Patrik Jansson Cl´audio Amaral Technical Report UU-CS-2012.089 3508 TB Utrecht The Netherlands #12;Testing Type Class Laws Johan Jeuring Utrecht University and Open

  7. LLM Oil, Gas and Mining Law Module Information: Oil, Gas & Mining Environmental Law I and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Paul

    LLM Oil, Gas and Mining Law Module Information: Oil, Gas & Mining Environmental Law I and Oil, Gas of the area of Oil, Gas &, Mining Environmental Law; 2. communicate complex legal concepts that apply within the area of Oil, Gas & Mining & Environmental Law to a high level of competence; and 3. deploy a highly

  8. Profit Neutrality in Licensing: The Boundary Between Antitrust Law and Patent Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    Profit Neutrality in Licensing: The Boundary Between Antitrust Law and Patent Law Stephen M. Maurer a century, courts and commentators have struggled to find principles that reconcile patent and antitrust law, especially as to patent licensing. We interpret case law and commentary to arrive at three unifying

  9. Humboldt Consumer Law Clinic Durch die Humboldt Consumer Law Clinic wird Studierenden ermglicht, Mandanten in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freytag, Johann-Christoph

    Humboldt Consumer Law Clinic Die Idee: Durch die Humboldt Consumer Law Clinic wird Studierenden rechtlich zu beraten. Die Humboldt Consumer Law Clinic bietet Ihnen eine hervorragende Möglichkeit Theorie und Praxis zu verbinden! Das Projekt: Wenn Sie sich für ein Jahr Humboldt Consumer Law Clinic

  10. BERKELEY LAW CERTIFICATE OF SPECIALIZATION IN ENERGY AND CLEAN TECHNOLOGY LAW (LLM) 2010-2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    BERKELEY LAW CERTIFICATE OF SPECIALIZATION IN ENERGY AND CLEAN TECHNOLOGY LAW (LLM) 2010 and a description of any major papers you have authored involving any aspect of energy or clean technology law: __ _____ Please indicate the courses related to Environmental Law & Energy Policy ("ENV"), IP, Entrepreneurship

  11. Climate Change Laws of the World Project Columbia Center for Climate Change Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Climate Change Laws of the World Project Columbia Center for Climate Change Law Monica Molina, Columbia College '14 Supervisor Meredith Wilensky, J.D. Introduction The Climate Change Laws of the World Project is an ongoing effort at the Center for Climate Change Law (CCCL) to aggregate existing domestic

  12. Power Grid Vulnerability to Geographically Correlated Failures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shepard, Kenneth

    Power Grid Vulnerability to Geographically Correlated Failures ­ Analysis and Control Implications such as telecommunications networks [14]. The power grid is vulnerable to natural disasters, such as earthquakes, hurricanes [17], [34]. Thus, we focus on the vulnerability of the power grid to an outage of several lines

  13. Battelle determines cause of Ashland tank failure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mesloh, R.E.; Marschall, C.W.; Buchheit, R.D.; Kiefner, J.F. (Battelle Memorial Institute, Columbus, OH (US))

    1988-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

    An existing flaw, combined with embrittled steel and residual stresses, led to the catastrophic failure of the fuel oil tank at Ashland Petroleum Co., Floreffe, Pa., last January. Here is a look at the tank's background, events surrounding its rupture, and Battelle's methods for investigating the incident.

  14. Commutation failures in HVDC transmission systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thio, C.V.; Davies, J.B.; Kent, K.L. [Manitoba Hydro, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada)] [Manitoba Hydro, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada)

    1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper provides a formulation for the initiation or onset mechanism of commutation failures in line-commutated thyristor converters, assuming infinite (zero impedance) ac systems. A theoretical development and a parametric analysis is given. Theory validation by simulation and comparison to actual field experience data is also given.

  15. Baseline LAW Glass Formulation Testing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kruger, Albert A. [USDOE Office of River Protection, Richland, WA (United States); Mooers, Cavin [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab.; Bazemore, Gina [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Pegg, Ian L. [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Hight, Kenneth [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Lai, Shan Tao [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Buechele, Andrew [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Rielley, Elizabeth [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Gan, Hao [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Muller, Isabelle S. [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Cecil, Richard [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab

    2013-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The major objective of the baseline glass formulation work was to develop and select glass formulations that are compliant with contractual and processing requirements for each of the LAW waste streams. Other objectives of the work included preparation and characterization of glasses with respect to the properties of interest, optimization of sulfate loading in the glasses, evaluation of ability to achieve waste loading limits, testing to demonstrate compatibility of glass melts with melter materials of construction, development of glass formulations to support ILAW qualification activities, and identification of glass formulation issues with respect to contract specifications and processing requirements.

  16. Public Law 104-134

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2 OPAM615_CostNSAR - TProcuring SolarNo. 195 - Oct. 7,Resumption ofPublic Law

  17. air law: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    from any symmetry group. Jeeva S. Anandan 1998-08-24 46 Zipf's law, power laws, and maximum entropy CERN Preprints Summary: Zipf's law, and power laws in general, have...

  18. Survey on Failure Modes and Failure Mechanisms in Digital Components and Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cetiner, Mustafa Sacit [ORNL; Korsah, Kofi [ORNL; Muhlheim, Michael David [ORNL

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents the preliminary results of a survey on the operating experience of a broad range of digital components and systems deployed in various industries. The primary objective of this survey is to identify principal modes and mechanisms of failure in field-deployed digital systems. Earlier works have sought to determine the failure rates of various classes of digital devices with the intent to integrate this information into the risk analysis calculations though still immature for such systems. Failure rates of individual components or systems are not taken into account in this evaluation; only failure modes and their respective probabilistic distribution are considered. Preliminary results from two data sources, SPIDR and FARADIP, are presented.

  19. PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name International Commercial Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weyde, Tillman

    in a single area of law: International Competition Law Maritime Law EU Commercial Law International Energy Commercial Law Award LLM School The City Law School Department or equivalent Academic Courses Programme code a dissertation in any one of those 4 chosen areas. 2) Add a specialisation to the LLM in International Commercial

  20. Statistical Modeling of Corrosion Failures in Natural Gas Transmission Pipelines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cobanoglu, Mustafa Murat

    2014-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    and deterioration processes in pipeline networks. Therefore, pipeline operators need to rethink their corrosion prevention strategies. These results of corrosion failures are forcing the companies to develop accurate maintenance models based on failure frequency...

  1. Gearbox Typical Failure Modes, Detection, and Mitigation Methods (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sheng, S.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This presentation was given at the AWEA Operations & Maintenance and Safety Seminar and focused on what the typical gearbox failure modes are, how to detect them using detection techniques, and strategies that help mitigate these failures.

  2. Modeling of microstructural effects on electromigration failure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ceric, H. [Christian Doppler Laboratory for Reliability Issues in Microelectronics at the Institute for Microelectronics, TU Wien (Austria); Orio, R. L. de; Zisser, W.; Selberherr, S. [Institute for Microelectronics, TU Wien, Gußhausstraße 27-29, A-1040 Wien (Austria)

    2014-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Current electromigration models used for simulation and analysis of interconnect reliability lack the appropriate description of metal microstructure and consequently have a very limited predictive capability. Therefore, the main objective of our work was obtaining more sophisticated electromigration tools. The problem is addressed through a combination of different levels of atomistic modeling and already available, continuum level macroscopic models. A novel method for an ab initio calculation of the effective valence for electromigration is presented and its application on the analysis of EM behavior is demonstrated. Additionally, a simple analytical model for the early electromigration lifetime is obtained. We have shown that its application provides a reasonable estimate for the early electromigration failures including the effect of microstructure. A simulation study is also applied on electromigration failure in tin solder bumps, where it contributed the understanding of the role of tin crystal anisotropy in the degradation mechanism of solder bumps.

  3. Optimal adaptive control of cascading power grid failures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniel Bienstock

    2010-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Dec 17, 2010 ... Abstract: We describe experiments with parallel algorithms for computing adaptive controls for attenuating power grid cascading failures.

  4. Export Failure and its Consequences: Theory and Evidence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mora, Jesse

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for export success . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . VA Model with Export Failure, Marketing Costs, and Financial2 Export Expansions of Products and Destinations I

  5. Tax Law and Economics Tax Law and Economics Department, with headquarters in the Faculty of Law of the University of Alicante, is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escolano, Francisco

    Tax Law and Economics Tax Law and Economics Department, with headquarters in the Faculty of Law activity in the faculties of Law, Economic and Business Sciences and Arts. Studies of 1st and 2onCycle (to 3400 Fax: (+34) 96 590 3464 Tax Law and Economics #12;

  6. BERKELEY LAW CERTIFICATE OF SPECIALIZATION IN ENERGY AND CLEAN TECHNOLOGY LAW (J.D.) 2010-2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    such as BERC@Boalt, Boalt.org, Berkeley Technology Law Journal, Healthcare and Biotech Law Society, Patent Law Society, or the Samuelson Law, Technology and Public Policy Clinic. Include the name of the organizationBERKELEY LAW CERTIFICATE OF SPECIALIZATION IN ENERGY AND CLEAN TECHNOLOGY LAW (J.D.) 2010

  7. FRACTURE FAILURE CRITERIA OF SOFC PEN STRUCTURE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Wenning N.; Sun, Xin; Khaleel, Mohammad A.; Qu, Jianmin

    2007-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Thermal stresses and warpage of the PEN are unavoidable due to the temperature changes from the stress-free sintering temperature to room temperature and mismatch of the coefficients of thermal expansion (CTE) of various layers in the PEN structures of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) during the PEN manufacturing process. In the meantime, additional mechanical stresses will also be created by mechanical flattening during the stack assembly process. The porous nature of anode and cathode in the PEN structures determines presence of the initial flaws and crack on the interfaces of anode/electrolyte/cathode and in the interior of the materials. The sintering/assembling induced stresses may cause the fracture failure of PEN structure. Therefore, fracture failure criteria for SOFC PEN structures is developed in order to ensure the structural integrity of the cell and stack of SOFC. In this paper, the fracture criteria based on the relationship between the critical energy release rate and critical curvature and maximum displacement of the warped cells caused by the temperature changes as well as mechanical flattening process is established so that possible failure of SOFC PEN structures may be predicted deterministically by the measurement of the curvature and displacement of the warped cells.

  8. Role of seepage forces on hydraulic fracturing and failure patterns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Role of seepage forces on hydraulic fracturing and failure patterns Alexander Rozhko Thesis September 2007 #12;ii Role of seepage forces on hydraulic fracturing and failure patterns Abstract. The mechanical role of seepage forces on hydraulic fracturing and failure patterns was studied both

  9. LESSONS LEARNED FROM A LANDFILL SLOPE FAILURE INVOLVING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LESSONS LEARNED FROM A LANDFILL SLOPE FAILURE INVOLVING GEOSYTNTHETICS Virginia L. Wilson: Geosynthetics: Lessons Learned from Failures International Geosynthetics Society editors J.P. Giroud, K.L. Soderman and G.P. Raymond November 12, 1998 #12;LESSONS LEARNED FROM A LANDFILL SLOPE FAILURE INVOLVING

  10. Production-Run Software Failure Diagnosis via Hardware Performance Counters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    Production-Run Software Failure Diagnosis via Hardware Performance Counters Joy Arulraj Po and huge financial loss during production runs. Tools that diagnose production-run failures with low is sometimes over 100%, for concurrency-bug failure diagnosis and hence are not suitable for production

  11. Novel failure prognostics approach with dynamic thresholds for machine degradation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Novel failure prognostics approach with dynamic thresholds for machine degradation Kamran Javed-processing and prognostics modeling. To estimate RUL of a degrading machinery, prognostics modeling phase requires precise knowledge about failure thresh- old (FT) (or failure definition). Practically, degrading machinery can have

  12. Modelling of dependence between critical failure and preventive maintenance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langseth, Helge

    Modelling of dependence between critical failure and preventive maintenance: The repair alert model, or a preventive maintenance (PM) action, where the latter will prevent the failure. It is reasonable to expect that the failure can be avoided by a possible preventive maintenance (PM) at some random time Z. If Z

  13. NO. ~EV. NO. Failure Modes and Effects Analysis -LRRR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    of the Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) is to discover critical failure areas in the LRRR experiment for the critical failure areas. A TM 868 contains the results of a final FMEA for the LRRR experiment. 2. 0 SUMMARY Since an LRRR was successfully deployed on the moon as a part of the Apollo 11 mission, this FMEA

  14. Failure Modes and Effects Analysis 300 Array -LRRR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    of the Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) is to discover critical failure areas in a system and to remove failure areas. 1. 2 This memo contains the results of the final FMEA for the 300 Array LRRR experiment was successfully deployed on the moon as a part of the Apollo 11 mission, this FMEA will not dwell in the aspects

  15. Solar Easements & Local Option Solar Rights Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Utah's solar easement provisions are similar to easement provisions in many other states. Parties may voluntarily enter into written solar easement contracts that are enforceable by law. An...

  16. The second law of blackhole dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koustubh Ajit Kabe

    2010-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, the non-generalized or restricted second law blackhole dynamics as given by Bekenstein in the beginning is restated, with a rigid proof, in a different form akin to the statement of the second law of thermodynamics given by Clausius. The various physical possibilities and implications of this statement are discussed therein. This paper is a mere venture into the restricted second law of blackhole dynamics pertaining to blackholes emitting Hawking radiation. The paper thus considers a didactically interesting reformulation of the second law of blackhole thermodynamics after some revisions.

  17. Tribal Energy and Environmental Information Clearinghouse - Laws...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Tribal Energy and Environmental Information Clearinghouse - Laws and Regulations Applicable to Geothermal Energy...

  18. Commercial Law and Development in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mutunga, Willy

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    communalism, slavery, feudalism, capitalism and communism.the ruins of British feudalism . The bourgeoisie thereafterof commercial law. While under feudalism it had functioned

  19. Fourier's Law for a Granular Fluid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James W. Dufty

    2007-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Newton' viscosity law for the momentum flux and Fourier's law for the heat flux define Navier-Stokes hydrodynamics for a simple, one component fluid. There is ample evidence that a hydrodynamic description applies as well to a mesoscopic granular fluid with the same form for Newton's viscosity law. However, theory predicts a qualitative difference for Fourier's law with an additional contribution from density gradients even at uniform temperature. The reasons for the absence of such terms for normal fluids are indicated, and a related microscopic explanation for their existence in granular fluids is presented.

  20. Renewable Energy Easements and Rights Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Florida law forbids ordinances, deed restrictions, covenants, declarations or similar binding agreements from prohibiting the use of solar collectors (including clotheslines) or "other energy...

  1. Solar and Wind Easements and Rights Laws and Local Option Solar Rights Law

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Oregon has several laws that protect access to solar and wind resources and the use of solar energy systems. Oregon's solar access laws date back to 1979 and state that no person conveying or...

  2. NSTX Failure Modes & Effects Analysis / NSTX-FMEA-71-10 / p. 1 of 115 FAILURE MODES AND EFFECTS ANALYSIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    NSTX Failure Modes & Effects Analysis / NSTX-FMEA-71-10 / p. 1 of 115 NSTX FAILURE MODES AND EFFECTS ANALYSIS (FMEA) Revision 10 Dated: November 2014 Prepared By: Name/WBS Signature Name: ________________________________________________ Ron Strykowsky, NSTX Upgrade Project Manager #12;NSTX Failure Modes & Effects Analysis / NSTX-FMEA-71

  3. Water Quality and Water Law Headline UNL's Fifth Annual Water Law, Policy and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

    Water Quality and Water Law Headline UNL's Fifth Annual Water Law, Policy and Science Conference "Water Quality Challenges in the Great Plains" is the theme of this year's University of Nebraska-Lincoln Water, Law, Policy and Science conference. The fifth annual UNL conference is April 22 and 23 at Lincoln

  4. LLM Oil, Gas and Mining Law Module Information: Oil, Gas and Mining Investment Law I and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Paul

    LLM Oil, Gas and Mining Law Module Information: Oil, Gas and Mining Investment Law I and Oil, Gas and Mining Investment Law II Overview & Aims: This core module aims to introduce students to the political economy background as well as the international legal framework for transnational foreign investment

  5. Careers in Patent LawCareers in Patent Law Mitchell Jones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    Careers in Patent LawCareers in Patent Law Mitchell Jones Partner Medlen & Carroll, LLP #12;Career position Patent law seemed like a good alternative #12;Intellectual PropertyIntellectual Property Patents Trademarks Copyright Trade secrets #12;Patent BasicsPatent Basics New, useful and non-obvious Granted

  6. Chicago-Kent College of Law Chicago-Kent College of Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    .D. program. Business Law Criminal Litigation Environmental and Energy Law Intellectual Property Law, builds software tools, teaches classes, and supports faculty, staff, and student projects on access of risks and benefits. Emphasis is placed on forging a shared understanding of the problems at hand

  7. Export Control Laws and Washingtonand Washington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Export Control Laws and Washingtonand Washington University For Washington University Faculty Authors: Cindy White, Research Office Tina Tyson, Office of General Counsel May 2006 What are export of foreign policy and national security. *NOTE: Export control laws apply to all activities -- not just

  8. On the Eigenvalue Power Law Milena Mihail

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Irvine, University of

    On the Eigenvalue Power Law Milena Mihail Georgia Tech mihail@cc.gatech.edu and Christos H. Papadimitriou U.C. Berkeley christos@cs.berkeley.edu Abstract We show that the largest eigenvalues of graphs whose highest degrees are Zipf-like distributed with slope #11; are distributed according to a power law

  9. Status of the Fundamental Laws of Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walid K. Abou Salem; Juerg Froehlich

    2006-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe recent progress towards deriving the Fundamental Laws of thermodynamics (the 0th, 1st and 2nd Law) from nonequilibrium quantum statistical mechanics in simple, yet physically relevant models. Along the way, we clarify some basic thermodynamic notions and discuss various reversible and irreversible thermodynamic processes from the point of view of quantum statistical mechanics.

  10. Legal Positivism in International Criminal Law 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luckey, Charles

    2009-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper I will argue that, international criminal law constitutes a valid legal system. There is skepticism over the authority of international law; some claim that it is not a genuine legal system, and does not command legal obligation. I...

  11. SCHOOL OF LAW UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA IRVINE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, Michael R.

    "There is a demand for new lawyers to be exceptionally responsive to the needs of clients. And the only preparing students for the practice of law at the highest levels of the profession. All students "By every measure we are succeeding in creating a top law school, with a faculty ranked among the best

  12. Irreversibility and the second law of thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seevinck, Michiel

    Irreversibility and the second law of thermodynamics Jos Uffink July 5, 2001 1 INTRODUCTION The second law of thermodynamics has a curious status. Many modern physicists regard it as an obsolete relic thermodynamics, in which the state does not con- tain velocity-like parameters, one may take R to be the identity

  13. Deformation-Twin-Induced Grain Boundary Failure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yongfeng Zhang; Paul C. MIllett; Michael Tonks; Bulent Biner

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This work presents a mechanism of deformation-twin-induced grain boundary failure, and demonstrates the mechanism using molecular dynamics simulations. Deformation twinning is observed as the dominant mechanism during tensile deformation of columnar nanocrystalline body-centered cubic Mo. As a twin approaches a grain boundary, local stress concentration develops due to the incompatible plastic deformations in the two neighboring grains. The magnitude of the stress concentration increases as the twin widens, leading to grain boundary cracking by nucleation and coalescence of microcracks/voids.

  14. Reduce Steam Trap Failures at Chambers Works

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kouba, C.

    Maintenance Mechanic), Rick Ragsdale (Fluor), Joyce Finkle (PC), Denis P Humphreys (Fluoroproducts), Jack Hemmert, Charlie Brown 10/20/2010 2 Steam trap failures are nothing new Steam trap programs are nothing new WHAT makes this program have such a huge... impact and How is it sustainable HOW we went about finding a solution What do you have learn from this 10/20/2010 3 Six Sigma Methodology was KEY to success Savings: $1MM annualized in only 6 months! 10/20/2010 4Define: Project CTQ?s Customer...

  15. Disruption of POF1B binding to nonmuscle actin filaments is associated with premature ovarian failure.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    premature ovar- ian failure: analysis of 71 cases. Humanalysis of two candidate genes for premature ovarian failure,

  16. SYNAPTIC MECHANISMS Weber's law implies neural discharge more regular than

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, Jianfeng

    SYNAPTIC MECHANISMS Weber's law implies neural discharge more regular than a Poisson process Jing, interspike interval, psychophysical law, spike rate Abstract Weber's law is one of the basic laws established. In this paper, we carried out an analysis on the spike train statistics when Weber's law holds

  17. Defense against common mode failures in protection system design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wyman, R.H.; Johnson, G.L.

    1997-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The introduction of digital instrumentation and control into reactor safety systems creates a heightened concern about common-mode failure. This paper discusses the concern and methods to cope with the concern. Common-mode failures have been a ``fact-of-life`` in existing systems. The informal introduction of defense-in-depth and diversity (D-in-D&D)-coupled with the fact that hardware common-mode failures are often distributed in time-has allowed systems to deal with past common-mode failures. However, identical software operating in identical redundant systems presents the potential for simultaneous failure. Consequently, the use of digital systems raises the concern about common-mode failure to a new level. A more methodical approach to mitigating common-mode failure is needed to address these concerns. Purposeful introduction of D-in-D&D has been used as a defense against common-mode failure in reactor protection systems. At least two diverse systems are provided to mitigate any potential initiating event. Additionally, diverse displays and controls are provided to allow the operator to monitor plant status and manually initiate engineered safety features. A special form of conimon-mode failure analysis called ``defense-in-depth and diversity analysis`` has been developed to identify possible conimon-mode failure vulnerabilities in digital systems. An overview of this analysis technique is provided.

  18. Power Grid Defense Against Malicious Cascading Failure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shakarian, Paulo; Lindelauf, Roy

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An adversary looking to disrupt a power grid may look to target certain substations and sources of power generation to initiate a cascading failure that maximizes the number of customers without electricity. This is particularly an important concern when the enemy has the capability to launch cyber-attacks as practical concerns (i.e. avoiding disruption of service, presence of legacy systems, etc.) may hinder security. Hence, a defender can harden the security posture at certain power stations but may lack the time and resources to do this for the entire power grid. We model a power grid as a graph and introduce the cascading failure game in which both the defender and attacker choose a subset of power stations such as to minimize (maximize) the number of consumers having access to producers of power. We formalize problems for identifying both mixed and deterministic strategies for both players, prove complexity results under a variety of different scenarios, identify tractable cases, and develop algorithms f...

  19. Critical analysis and remedy of switching failures in straintronic logic using Bennett clocking in the presence of thermal fluctuations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roy, Kuntal, E-mail: royk@purdue.edu [School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States)] [School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States)

    2014-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Straintronic logic is a promising platform for beyond Moore's law computing. Using Bennett clocking mechanism, information can propagate through an array of strain-mediated multiferroic nanomagnets, exploiting the dipolar coupling between the magnets without having to physically interconnect them. Here, we perform a critical analysis of switching failures, i.e., error in information propagation due to thermal fluctuations through a chain of such straintronic devices. We solved stochastic Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation considering room-temperature thermal perturbations and show that magnetization switching may fail due to inherent magnetization dynamics accompanied by thermally broadened switching delay distribution. Avenues available to circumvent such issue are proposed.

  20. College of Law, University of Saskatchewan, Canada Research Chair in Law (Tier 2) The College of Law at the University of Saskatchewan in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada seeks to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    College of Law, University of Saskatchewan, Canada Research Chair in Law (Tier 2) The College of Law at the University of Saskatchewan in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada seeks to recruit and nominate a Canada Research Chair in Law (Tier 2). The Canada Research Chair program (www

  1. Common-Cause Failure Analysis in Event Assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dana L. Kelly; Dale M. Rasmuson

    2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the approach taken by the U. S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission to the treatment of common-cause failure in probabilistic risk assessment of operational events. The approach is based upon the Basic Parameter Model for common-cause failure, and examples are illustrated using the alpha-factor parameterization, the approach adopted by the NRC in their Standardized Plant Analysis Risk (SPAR) models. The cases of a failed component (with and without shared common-cause failure potential) and a component being unavailable due to preventive maintenance or testing are addressed. The treatment of two related failure modes (e.g., failure to start and failure to run) is a new feature of this paper. These methods are being applied by the NRC in assessing the risk significance of operational events for the Significance Determination Process (SDP) and the Accident Sequence Precursor (ASP) program.

  2. 2012 school of law catalog 2013 This publication is for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012 school of law catalog 2013 #12;#12;This publication is for informational purposes and does not constitute a contract. 2012 school of law catalog 2013 Please recycle #12;The University of Kansas | 2012 ......................................................... 3 School of Law Administration

  3. JD/LLM in International and Comparative Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reif, John H.

    (919) 613-7020 admissions@law.duke.edu www.law.duke.edu/admis l a u n c h y o u r g l o b a l l aw p r a c t i c e h e r e APPLY NOW law.duke.edu/admis/degreeprograms/jd-llm/ Early Application Deadlines 11@ JD/LLM in International and Comparative Law Duke Law Admissions Duke University School of Law

  4. Log-periodic behavior of a hierarchical failure model with ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    earthquakes are accepted to be a type example of self— organization. ' We ?rst ..... the expected frictional heating on faults is not observed. [35]. The failure ...

  5. Wind Turbine Gearbox Failure Modes - A Brief (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sheng, S.; McDade, M.; Errichello, R.

    2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wind turbine gearboxes are not always meeting 20-year design life. Premature failure of gearboxes increases cost of energy, turbine downtime, unplanned maintenance, gearbox replacement and rebuild, and increased warranty reserves. The problem is widespread, affects most Original Equipment Manufacturers, and is not caused by manufacturing practices. There is a need to improve gearbox reliability and reduce turbine downtime. The topics of this presentation are: GRC (Gearbox Reliability Collaborative) technical approach; Gearbox failure database; Recorded incidents summary; Top failure modes for bearings; Top failure modes for gears; GRC test gearbox; Bearing nomenclature; Test history; Real damage; Gear sets; Bearings; Observations; and Summary. 5 refs.

  6. Poroelastic damage rheology: Dilation, compaction, and failure of rocks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyakhovsky, Vladimir

    Poroelastic damage rheology: Dilation, compaction, and failure of rocks Yariv Hamiel Institute December 2004; Published 26 January 2005. Hamiel, Y., V. Lyakhovsky, and A. Agnon (2005), Poroelastic

  7. adhesive failure pattern: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    adhesives is a subject of great importance Mahadevan, L. 2 Dynamical failure of Turing patterns Condensed Matter (arXiv) Summary: The emergence of stable disordered patterns...

  8. GROUND PLANE INSULATION FAILURE IN THE FIRST TPC SUPERCONDUCTING COIL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Green, M.A.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    FAILURE IN THE FIRST TPC SUPERCONDUCTING COIL M. A. Green,Time Projection Cnamber) thin superconducting solenoid. Theand breakage of the superconductor. The UPA circuit melted

  9. Fundamental Approach to Electrode Fabrication and Failure Analysis

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Fundamental Approach to Electrode Fabrication and Failure Analysis Vince Battaglia LBNL May 11, 2011 This presentation does not contain any proprietary, confidential, or otherwise...

  10. Failure Stress and Apparent Elastic Modulus of Diesel Particulate...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    test specimen geometries and test methods for brittle materials are adapted to DPF architecture to evaluate failure initiation stress and apparent elastic modulus of the ceramics....

  11. applying failure mode: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    diagrams (PFDs), hierarchical task analysis (HTA), failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA), systematic human error reduction (more) Griffin, Melissa Corinne 2010-01-01 3...

  12. Investigations of Bearing Failures Associated with White Etching...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Bearing Failures Associated with White Etching Areas (irWEAs) in Wind Turbine Gearboxes Presented by Bob Errichello of GEARTECH at the Wind Turbine Tribology...

  13. antihypertensive trial failures: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    GEOSYNTHETICS Engineering Websites Summary: failure involving a reinforced geosynthetic clay liner in a sedimentation pond at a waste containment liners to hydrate during on-site...

  14. acute hepatic failure: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    GEOSYNTHETICS Engineering Websites Summary: failure involving a reinforced geosynthetic clay liner in a sedimentation pond at a waste containment liners to hydrate during on-site...

  15. arrester failure rate: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    GEOSYNTHETICS Engineering Websites Summary: failure involving a reinforced geosynthetic clay liner in a sedimentation pond at a waste containment liners to hydrate during on-site...

  16. antiretroviral therapy failure: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    GEOSYNTHETICS Engineering Websites Summary: failure involving a reinforced geosynthetic clay liner in a sedimentation pond at a waste containment liners to hydrate during on-site...

  17. acute liver failure: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    GEOSYNTHETICS Engineering Websites Summary: failure involving a reinforced geosynthetic clay liner in a sedimentation pond at a waste containment liners to hydrate during on-site...

  18. antigen psa failure: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    GEOSYNTHETICS Engineering Websites Summary: failure involving a reinforced geosynthetic clay liner in a sedimentation pond at a waste containment liners to hydrate during on-site...

  19. arteriovenous fistula failure: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    GEOSYNTHETICS Engineering Websites Summary: failure involving a reinforced geosynthetic clay liner in a sedimentation pond at a waste containment liners to hydrate during on-site...

  20. acute renal failure: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    GEOSYNTHETICS Engineering Websites Summary: failure involving a reinforced geosynthetic clay liner in a sedimentation pond at a waste containment liners to hydrate during on-site...

  1. antiretroviral drug failure: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    GEOSYNTHETICS Engineering Websites Summary: failure involving a reinforced geosynthetic clay liner in a sedimentation pond at a waste containment liners to hydrate during on-site...

  2. adult respiratory failure: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    GEOSYNTHETICS Engineering Websites Summary: failure involving a reinforced geosynthetic clay liner in a sedimentation pond at a waste containment liners to hydrate during on-site...

  3. Tribological Analysis of White Etching Crack (WEC) Failures in...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Crack (WEC) Failures in Rolling Element Bearings Presented by Arnaud Ruellan, INSA de Lyon at the Wind Turbine Tribology Seminar 2014. 20141030NREL2014ArgonneRuellancomV...

  4. GROUND PLANE INSULATION FAILURE IN THE FIRST TPC SUPERCONDUCTING COIL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Green, M.A.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    FAILURE IN THE FIRST TPC SUPERCONDUCTING COIL M. A. Green,Time Projection Cnamber) thin superconducting solenoid. Thefailure of the first superconducting coil at the Lawrence

  5. Application of Planck's law to thermionic conversion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Caldwell, F.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A simple, highly accurate, mathematical model of heat-to-electricity conversion is developed from Planck's law for the distribution of the radiant exitance of heat at a selected temperature. An electrical power curve is calculated by integration of the heat law over a selected range of electromagnetic wavelength corresponding to electrical voltage. A novel wavelength-voltage conversion factor, developed from the known wavelength-electron volt conversion factor, establishes the wavelength ({lambda}) for the integration. The Planck law is integrated within the limits {lambda} to 2{lambda}. The integration provides the ideal electrical power that is available from heat at the emitter temperature. When multiplied by a simple ratio, the calculated ideal power closely matches published thermionic converter experimental data. The thermal power model of thermionic conversion is validated by experiments with thermionic emission of ordinary electron tubes. A theoretical basis for the heat law based model of thermionic conversion is found in linear oscillator theory.

  6. Copyright Law Reform: Some Achievable Goals 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacQueen, Hector L

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Copyright law reform in the European Union. The chapter discusses possible actions in light of new and amended EU Directives and whether these balances rights' holders and users' interests....

  7. Patent Law, HIPPO, and the Biodiversity Crisis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torrance, Andrew W.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the phenomena largely responsible for the current mass extinction event, and patent law offers valuable assistance in combating each one. Though it cannot offer a complete solution to the biodiversity crisis, the patent system can offer powerful tools to help...

  8. Essays in empirical law and economics/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lem, Jacklin Chou

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation, which is a collection of three essays, uses empirical methods to study questions at the intersection of law and economics. The first chapter, co-authored with Joshua Fischman, explores how supervision ...

  9. Essays in empirical law and economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prescott, James J. (James Jondall)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis, which consists of three essays, uses empirical methods to study questions in criminal procedure and employment antidiscrimination law. The first chapter measures the consequences for offenders of expanding ...

  10. Essays on malpractice law and physician behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frakes, Michael (Michael D.)

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation contributes to an understanding of the manner in which various dimensions of malpractice law shape physician behavior and how this behavior, in turn, impacts health outcomes. In Chapter 1, I explore the ...

  11. MARYLAND CAREY LAW 2013 40 | ALUMNI PROFILES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weber, David J.

    Public Interest Law Project (MPILP) and in 2006, Mendez was a Summer MPILP Grant Recipient, working society than public interest work," said Mendez. Mendez is now working as senior attorney at Catholic public interest work." --Michelle Mendez '08 #12;

  12. Oil or Hazardous Spills Releases Law (Georgia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Oil or Hazardous Spills Law requires notice to the Environmental Protection Division of the State Department of Natural Resources Emergency Operations Center when there is a spill or release of...

  13. Link failure detection in a parallel computer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Archer, Charles J. (Rochester, MN); Blocksome, Michael A. (Rochester, MN); Megerian, Mark G. (Rochester, MN); Smith, Brian E. (Rochester, MN)

    2010-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods, apparatus, and products are disclosed for link failure detection in a parallel computer including compute nodes connected in a rectangular mesh network, each pair of adjacent compute nodes in the rectangular mesh network connected together using a pair of links, that includes: assigning each compute node to either a first group or a second group such that adjacent compute nodes in the rectangular mesh network are assigned to different groups; sending, by each of the compute nodes assigned to the first group, a first test message to each adjacent compute node assigned to the second group; determining, by each of the compute nodes assigned to the second group, whether the first test message was received from each adjacent compute node assigned to the first group; and notifying a user, by each of the compute nodes assigned to the second group, whether the first test message was received.

  14. Comments of the Southern Environmental Law Center and the American...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Emergency Order and allow federal and state regulators the discretion to enforce binding air pollution control laws. Comments of the Southern Environmental Law Center and the...

  15. AARP, National Consumer Law Center, and Public Citizen Comments...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AARP, National Consumer Law Center, and Public Citizen Comments to:DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges AARP, National Consumer Law...

  16. Decolonizing Copyright Law: Learning from the Jamaican Street Dance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mann, Larisa K.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Now Open) Fears of ACTA. ” SMU Law Review 64 (2011): Yu,and Now Open) Fears of ACTA,” SMU Law Review 64 (2011): 975–

  17. age laws personal: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Law School Aspects of corporate personality and the interface between business and society Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites Summary: Nottingham Law...

  18. Fractal Weyl Law for Open Chaotic Maps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stéphane Nonnenmacher

    2006-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This contribution summarizes our work with M.Zworski on open quantum open chaoticmaps (math-ph/0505034). For a simple chaotic scattering system (the open quantum baker's map), we compute the "long-living resonances" in the semiclassical r\\'{e}gime, and show that they satisfy a fractal Weyl law. We can prove this fractal law in the case of a modified model.

  19. Failure Atlas for Rolling Bearings in Wind Turbines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tallian, T. E.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Atlas is structured as a supplement to the book: T.E. Tallian: Failure Atlas for Hertz Contact Machine Elements, 2nd edition, ASME Press New York, (1999). The content of the atlas comprises plate pages from the book that contain bearing failure images, application data, and descriptions of failure mode, image, and suspected failure causes. Rolling bearings are a critical component of the mainshaft system, gearbox and generator in the rapidly developing technology of power generating wind turbines. The demands for long service life are stringent; the design load, speed and temperature regimes are demanding and the environmental conditions including weather, contamination, impediments to monitoring and maintenance are often unfavorable. As a result, experience has shown that the rolling bearings are prone to a variety of failure modes that may prevent achievement of design lives. Morphological failure diagnosis is extensively used in the failure analysis and improvement of bearing operation. Accumulated experience shows that the failure appearance and mode of failure causation in wind turbine bearings has many distinguishing features. The present Atlas is a first effort to collect an interpreted database of specifically wind turbine related rolling bearing failures and make it widely available. This Atlas is structured as a supplement to the book: T. E. Tallian: Failure Atlas for Hertz Contact Machine Elements, 2d edition, ASME Press New York, (1999). The main body of that book is a comprehensive collection of self-contained pages called Plates, containing failure images, bearing and application data, and three descriptions: failure mode, image and suspected failure causes. The Plates are sorted by main failure mode into chapters. Each chapter is preceded by a general technical discussion of the failure mode, its appearance and causes. The Plates part is supplemented by an introductory part, describing the appearance classification and failure classification systems used, and by several indexes. The present Atlas is intended as a supplement to the book. It has the same structure but contains only Plate pages, arranged in chapters, each with a chapter heading page giving a short definition of the failure mode illustrated. Each Plate page is self contained, with images, bearing and application data, and descriptions of the failure mode, the images and the suspected causes. Images are provided in two resolutions: The text page includes 6 by 9 cm images. In addition, high resolution image files are attached, to be retrieved by clicking on their 'push pin' icon. While the material in the present Atlas is self-contained, it is nonetheless a supplement to the book and the complete interpretation of the terse image descriptions and of the system underlying the failure code presupposes familiarity with the book. Since this Atlas is a supplement to the book, its chapter numbering follows that of the book. Not all failure modes covered in the book have been found among the observed wind turbines. For that reason, and because of the omission of introductory matter, the chapter numbers in this Atlas are not a continuous sequence.

  20. Simulations of Failure via Three-Dimensional Cracking in Fuel Cladding for Advanced Nuclear Fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lu, Hongbing; Bukkapatnam, Satish; Harimkar, Sandip; Singh, Raman; Bardenhagen, Scott

    2014-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Enhancing performance of fuel cladding and duct alloys is a key means of increasing fuel burnup. This project will address the failure of fuel cladding via three-dimensional cracking models. Researchers will develop a simulation code for the failure of the fuel cladding and validate the code through experiments. The objective is to develop an algorithm to determine the failure of fuel cladding in the form of three-dimensional cracking due to prolonged exposure under varying conditions of pressure, temperature, chemical environment, and irradiation. This project encompasses the following tasks: 1. Simulate 3D crack initiation and growth under instantaneous and/or fatigue loads using a new variant of the material point method (MPM); 2. Simulate debonding of the materials in the crack path using cohesive elements, considering normal and shear traction separation laws; 3. Determine the crack propagation path, considering damage of the materials incorporated in the cohesive elements to allow the energy release rate to be minimized; 4. Simulate the three-dimensional fatigue crack growth as a function of loading histories; 5. Verify the simulation code by comparing results to theoretical and numerical studies available in the literature; 6. Conduct experiments to observe the crack path and surface profile in unused fuel cladding and validate against simulation results; and 7. Expand the adaptive mesh refinement infrastructure parallel processing environment to allow adaptive mesh refinement at the 3D crack fronts and adaptive mesh merging in the wake of cracks. Fuel cladding is made of materials such as stainless steels and ferritic steels with added alloying elements, which increase stability and durability under irradiation. As fuel cladding is subjected to water, chemicals, fission gas, pressure, high temperatures, and irradiation while in service, understanding performance is essential. In the fast fuel used in advanced burner reactors, simulations of the nuclear fuels are critical to understand the burnup, and thus the fuel efficiency.

  1. Single shell tank sluicing history and failure frequency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    HERTZEL, J.S.

    1998-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    This document assesses the potential for failure of the single-shell tanks (SSTs) that are presumably sound and helps to establish the retrieval priorities for these and the assumed leakers. Furthermore, this report examines probabilities of SST failure as a function of age and operational history, and provides a simple statistical summary of historical leak volumes, leak rates, and corrosion factor.

  2. Lessons Learned from Failures Involving Geofoam in Roads and Embankments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horvath, John S.

    Lessons Learned from Failures Involving Geofoam in Roads and Embankments Manhattan College Research July 1999) #12;Lessons Learned from Failures Involving Geofoam in Roads and Embankments Manhattan College Research Report No. CE/GE-99-1 ii This page intentionally left blank. #12;Lessons Learned from

  3. Benefits of Multiple TX Powers Robustness to Beacon Node Failure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yiling

    the partial failure of the infrastructure. Our system, called MoteTrack, is based on low-power radios coupledAccuracy Benefits of Multiple TX Powers Robustness to Beacon Node Failure Introduction to a wide range of applications. For some, the location tracking system must continue to operate despite

  4. THERMO-MECHANICAL SIMULATIONS OF DUCTILE FAILURE BY MESHFREE METHOD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ponce, V. Miguel

    THERMO-MECHANICAL SIMULATIONS OF DUCTILE FAILURE BY MESHFREE METHOD Dr. Akhilesh Jha Lead Engineer (ASB), spall fracture, and crack. Since this type of thermo-mechanical phenomena involves large spall strength in simulating ductile failure have been reviewed. A thermo- mechanical coupling algorithm

  5. A UNIFIED FAILURE/DAMAGE APPROACH TO BATTLE DAMAGE REGENERATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A UNIFIED FAILURE/DAMAGE APPROACH TO BATTLE DAMAGE REGENERATION : APPLICATION TO GROUND MILITARY-availability. Military weapon systems availability can be affected by system failures or by damage to the system damage into account in their more general dependability studies. This paper takes a look at the issues

  6. Glacier: Highly durable, decentralized storage despite massive correlated failures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennsylvania, University of

    Glacier: Highly durable, decentralized storage despite massive correlated failures Andreas be considered when attempting to provide highly durable storage. In this paper, we describe Glacier failures. Glacier is designed to aggressively minimize the cost of this redun- dancy in space and time

  7. Modelling of dependence between critical failure and preventive maintenance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langseth, Helge

    Modelling of dependence between critical failure and preventive maintenance: The repair alert model, or a preventive maintenance (PM) action, where the latter will prevent the failure. It is reasonable to expect be avoided by a possible preventive maintenance (PM) at some random time Z. If Z

  8. Degradation and Failure Characteristics of NPP Containment Protective Coating Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sindelar, R.L.

    2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A research program to investigate the performance and potential for failure of Service Level I coating systems used in nuclear power plant containment is in progress. The research activities are aligned to address phenomena important to cause failure as identified by the industry coatings expert panel.

  9. Mission Failure Probability Calculations for Critical Function Mechanizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koopman, Philip

    conditions. Related to the reliability of a component is the rate at which such devices fail. The failure shown that the failure rate of electronic components follow the characteristics of a bathtub curve Institute Technical Report CMU-RI-TR-97-44 December 16, 1997 #12;1 Abstract Reliability analysis

  10. Component criticality in failure cascade processes of network systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    considered. KEYWORDS: Complex Infrastructures Vulnerability, Cascade Failures, Criticality Indicators of the cascade. For example, in electrical power transmission networks a cascade of events leading to blackout failures are a major threat to distributed, interconnected systems such as power transmission networks(1

  11. Modeling Stochastic Correlated Failures and their Effects on Network Reliability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayat, Majeed M.

    --The physical infrastructure of communication net- works is vulnerable to spatially correlated failures arising geographically. In general, physical infrastructure of communication networks is vulnerable to failures-Naeini, Jorge E. Pezoa, Ghady Azar, Nasir Ghani, and Majeed M. Hayat Department of Electrical and Computer

  12. FAILURE MODES AND EFFECTS ANALYSIS Dated: May 27, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    1 NSTX FAILURE MODES AND EFFECTS ANALYSIS (FMEA) Revision 7 Dated: May 27, 2010 Prepared By: Name.07.13 09:11:02 -04'00' #12;NSTX Failure Modes & Effects Analysis / NSTX-FMEA-71-7 / p. 2 of 120 2 Table

  13. Energy Efficiency and Renewables: Market and Behavioral Failures

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    James Sweeney

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Thursday, January 28, 2010: Policies to promote renewable energy and energy efficiency have been gaining momentum throughout the world, often justified by environmental and energy security concerns. This presentation first talks about energy efficiency options, then delves into the economic motivation for energy efficiency and renewable energy policies by articulating the classes of relevant behavioral failures and market failures. Such behavioral and market failures may vary intertemporally or atemporally; the temporal structure and the extent of the failures are the critical considerations in the development of energy policies. The talk discusses key policy instruments and assess the extent to which they are well-suited to correct for failures with different structures. http://eetd.lbl.gov/dls/lecture-01-28...

  14. Nahum Gelber Law Library A Self-Guided Library Tour

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kambhampati, Patanjali

    Nahum Gelber Law Library A Self-Guided Library Tour Welcome to the Nahum Gelber Law Library by the library and how to locate materials for assignments, course readings, reserves etc. The tour should take you about 30 minutes. The Nahum Gelber Law Library is one of the Faculty of Law buildings on the north

  15. LAW SUBJECT GUIDE -I/S Non-Fiction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abolmaesumi, Purang

    al.] KE444 G62 2002 Law in Action: Understanding Canadian Law / Annice Blair ... [et al.] KE444 L39/George Alexandrowicz ... [et al.] KE444 D54 2004 (teacher's guide also available) Other textbooks Criminal law and the Canadian criminal code / Richard Barnhorst, Sherrie Barnhorst KE8809 C57 2004 Canadian case law studies

  16. INVERSE-SQUARE LAW TESTS 1 TESTS OF THE GRAVITATIONAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of - Department of Physics, Electroweak Interaction Research Group

    INVERSE-SQUARE LAW TESTS 1 TESTS OF THE GRAVITATIONAL INVERSE-SQUARE LAW E.G.Adelberger, B-1560 KEYWORDS: gravitation, experimental tests of inverse-square law, quantum gravity, extra dimensions ABSTRACT: We review recent experimental tests of the gravitational inverse-square law, and the wide variety

  17. Closed Loop System with Feedback Control MISO control laws SISO control law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben-Yakar, Adela

    Closed Loop System with Feedback Control MISO control laws SISO control law Switching Control demand · Two control modes for wind turbine: MISO & SISO · Proportional Integral (PI) feedback control Modes MISO SISO Inputs Blade Pitch Angle, Generator Torque Blade Pitch Angle Output Power Power

  18. LAWS OF PROGRAMMING A complete set of algebraic laws is given for Dijkstra's nondeterministic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roscoe, Bill

    LAWS OF PROGRAMMING A complete set of algebraic laws is given for Dijkstra's nondeterministic to deriving programsfrom their specifications. C. A. R. HOARE,1.J. HAYES,HEJIFENG,C. C. MORGAN,A. W. ROSCOE, J. W. SANDERS,1.H. SORENSEN,J. M. SPIVEY,and B. A. SUFRIN Some computer scientists have abandoned

  19. RECONSTRUCTION OF A CONSTITUTIVE LAW FOR RUBBER FROM IN SILICO EXPERIMENTS USING OGDEN'S LAWS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RECONSTRUCTION OF A CONSTITUTIVE LAW FOR RUBBER FROM IN SILICO EXPERIMENTS USING OGDEN'S LAWS MAYA for rubber. Macroscopic quantities of interest such as the Piola-Kirchhoff stress tensor can be ap: paramater estimation, multiscale modelling, rubber elasticity, polymer physics. 1. Introduction

  20. Avoid stainless steel failures in FGD systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mills, J.P.; Schillmoller, C.M.

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Preventing pitting and localized corrosion is the key to success where low maintenance and high reliability are rime considerations in flue-gas desulfurization (FGD) designs. Knowing when to use a stainless steel, and when not to, is crucial. Operating parameters and environmental factors greatly affect alloy performance, especially pH, temperature, and chloride and oxygen levels. Failures of stainless steels can be avoided by understanding their limits in light of these variables. This article will focus on the capabilities of Types 316L, 317L, 317LM, 317LMN, 904L, and 6% Mo stainless steels and their applications, as well as provide details on unique combination of mechanical properties and corrosion resistance of the 22% Cr duplex and 25% Cr super-duplex stainless steels in acid chloride systems. Guidelines will be presented on methods to prevent intergranular corrosion, stress corrosion cracking, and pitting and crevice corrosion, and what process steps can be taken to assure reasonable performance of marginal alloy selections. Emphasis will be on the lime/limestone wet scrubbing process and the quencher/absorber.

  1. Proceedings: International Conference on Boiler Tube Failures and Heat Recovery Steam Generator (HRSG) Tube Failures and Inspections

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tube failures remain the leading cause of availability loss in conventional fossil plants and combined cycle/heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) plants. These conference proceedings address state-of-the-art practices and techniques worldwide for understanding and reducing tube failures.

  2. Recovery systems must save state before a failure occurs to enable the system to recover from the failure. However,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Peter M.

    Abstract Recovery systems must save state before a failure occurs to enable the system to recover from the failure. However, recovery will fail if the recovery system saves any state corrupted by the fault. The frequency and comprehensive- ness of how a recovery system saves state has a major effect

  3. Failure Assessment Robyn Lutz, Jet Propulsion Laboratory/Caltech and Iowa State University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutz, Robyn R.

    for failure assessment across the system lifecycle with an emphasis on the role of software. For each and characterization both of potential failure mechanisms in systems under development and of actual failure failure mechanisms in systems under development and of actual failure occurrences in operational systems

  4. Benford's Law Applies To Online Social Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golbeck, Jennifer

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Benford's Law states that the frequency of first digits of numbers in naturally occurring systems is not evenly distributed. Numbers beginning with a 1 occur roughly 30\\% of the time, and are six times more common than numbers beginning with a 9. We show that Benford's Law applies to social and behavioral features of users in online social networks. We consider social data from five major social networks: Facebook, Twitter, Google Plus, Pinterest, and Live Journal. We show that the distribution of first significant digits of friend and follower counts for users in these systems follow Benford's Law. The same holds for the number of posts users make. We extend this to egocentric networks, showing that friend counts among the people in an individual's social network also follow the expected distribution. We discuss how this can be used to detect suspicious or fraudulent activity online and to validate datasets.

  5. Laws DOE Administers | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial602 1,39732on ArmedManufacturingJune 17, 2015LMLandLaws & LegalLaws

  6. Electric power monthly, April 1998, with data for January 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The EIA collected the information in this report to fulfill its data collection and dissemination responsibilities as specified in the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275) as amended. 63 tabs.

  7. Electric power monthly, July 1998 with data for April 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The EIA collected the information in this report to fulfill its data collection and dissemination responsibilities as specified in the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275) as amended.

  8. Electric power monthly, January 1999 with data for October 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The EIA collected the information in this report to fulfill its data collection and dissemination responsibilities as specified in the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275) as amended. 1 fig., 63 tabs.

  9. Electric power monthly, July 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. Data in this report are presented for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The EIA collected the information in this report to fulfill its data collection and dissemination responsibilities as specified in the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275) as amended.

  10. Electric power monthly: March 1996, with data for December 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decision makers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The EIA collected the information in this report to fulfill its data collection and dissemination responsibilities as specified in the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275) as amended. 69 tabs.

  11. Electric power monthly with data for November 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The EIA collected the information in this report to fulfill its data collection and dissemination responsibilities as specified in the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275) as amended.

  12. Electric power monthly, May 1997 with data for February 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The EIA collected the information in this report to fulfill its data collection and dissemination responsibilities as specified in the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275) as amended. 63 tabs.

  13. Electric power monthly: February 1995, with data for November 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The EIA collected the information in this report to fulfill its data collection and dissemination responsibilities as specified in the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275) as amended. 64 tabs.

  14. Electric power monthly, June 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. Data in this report are presented for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The EIA collected the information in this report to fulfill its data collection and dissemination responsibilities as specified in the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275) as amended.

  15. Quarterly coal report, July--September 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The Quarterly Coal Report (QCR) provides comprehensive information about US coal production, distribution, exports, imports, receipts, prices, consumption, and stocks to a wide audience, including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the coal industry, and the general public. Coke production, consumption, distribution, imports, and exports data are also provided. The data presented in the QCR are collected and published by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to fulfill data collection and dissemination responsibilities as specified in the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275), as amended.

  16. Electric power monthly, August 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. Data in this report are presented for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The EIA collected the information in this report to fulfill its data collection and dissemination responsibilities as specified in the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275) as amended.

  17. Vulnerability Assessment for Cascading Failures in Electric Power Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baldick, R.; Chowdhury, Badrul; Dobson, Ian; Dong, Zhao Yang; Gou, Bei; Hawkins, David L.; Huang, Zhenyu; Joung, Manho; Kim, Janghoon; Kirschen, Daniel; Lee, Stephen; Li, Fangxing; Li, Juan; Li, Zuyi; Liu, Chen-Ching; Luo, Xiaochuan; Mili, Lamine; Miller, Stephen; Nakayama, Marvin; Papic, Milorad; Podmore, Robin; Rossmaier, John; Schneider, Kevin P.; Sun, Hongbin; Sun, Kai; Wang, David; Wu, Zhigang; Yao, Liangzhong; Zhang, Pei; Zhang, Wenjie; Zhang, Xiaoping

    2008-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Cascading failures present severe threats to power grid security, and thus vulnerability assessment of power grids is of significant importance. Focusing on analytic methods, this paper reviews the state of the art of vulnerability assessment methods in the context of cascading failures in three categories: steady-state modeling based analysis; dynamic modeling analysis; and non-traditional modeling approaches. The impact of emerging technologies including phasor technology, high-performance computing techniques, and visualization techniques on the vulnerability assessment of cascading failures is then addressed, and future research directions are presented.

  18. Cascade Failure in a Phase Model of Power Grids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sakaguchi, Hidetsugu

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a phase model to study cascade failure in power grids composed of generators and loads. If the power demand is below a critical value, the model system of power grids maintains the standard frequency by feedback control. On the other hand, if the power demand exceeds the critical value, an electric failure occurs via step out (loss of synchronization) or voltage collapse. The two failures are incorporated as two removal rules of generator nodes and load nodes. We perform direct numerical simulation of the phase model on a scale-free network and compare the results with a mean-field approximation.

  19. A simple microscopic model for the dynamics of adhesive failure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dominic Vella; L. Mahadevan

    2005-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider a microscopic model for the failure of soft adhesives in tension based on ideas of bond rupture under dynamic loading. Focusing on adhesive failure under loading at constant velocity, we demonstrate that bi-modal curves of stress against strain may occur due to effects of finite polymer chain or bond length and characterise the loading conditions under which such bi-modal behaviour is observed. The results of this analysis are in qualitative agreement with experiments performed on unconfined adhesives in which failure does not occur by cavitation.

  20. Cascading dynamics and mitigation assessment in power system disturbances via a hidden failure model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dobson, Ian

    system reliability; Protective relaying hidden failures; Blackout mitigation 1. Introduction, which is often referred to as a hidden failure [7]. Hidden failures in protective relays disturbances involved relaying systems, not necessarily as the initiating event, but contributing

  1. Tackling nanoscale IC failures through noise-aware testing and silicon debugging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Mingjing; Chen, Mingjing

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    architecture failure analysis . . . . . . 2.3.1 Scan chainon Testing and Failure Analysis, pages [93] G. Strang.Electronic Device Failure Analysis, 7(1):16–24, 2005. [24

  2. Congestive heart failure: treat the disease, not the symptom: return to normalcy/Part II--the experimental approach.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buckberg, Gerald D

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Number: Title: Congestive heart failure: treat the diseaseinvited) TITLE: Congestive heart failure: treat the diseasetreatment of congestive heart failure due to post-infarction

  3. Strathclyde University Law Journal House Style

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strathclyde, University of

    Strathclyde University Law Journal House Style Important Notice The guidelines presented below MUST Paragraphs start flush to the left margin after headings or quotes. All other paragraphs must be indented the punctuation and the closing quotation mark. Quotations which are longer than three lines should be in a double-indented

  4. Extending Amdahl's Law for Energy-Efficient

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hsien-Hsin "Sean"

    Extending Amdahl's Law for Energy-Efficient Computing in the Many-Core Era Dong Hyuk Woo and Hsien design constraints to analyze many-core design alternatives. The revised models provide computer architects with a better understanding of many- core design types, enabling them to make more informed

  5. A Taxonomy of Tort Law Defences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    467 19 A Taxonomy of Tort Law Defences James Goudkamp* Introduction This chapter addresses defences". A taxonomy of defences will then be delineated. Thereafter, it will be suggested how a substantial number of defences should be categorised within the taxonomy. The analysis here will be illustrated with examples

  6. Impacts of Minnesota's Primary Seat Belt Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    for Excellence in Rural Safety Humphrey School of Public Affairs #12;CERS's "Safe Six Regardless of Residence Urban/Small City Suburban Rural/Small Town Primary Seat; . . AND IN MINNESOTA #12;Predicted Impact 2009 and 2010 CERS Reports: · Primary Seat Belt Laws

  7. Wavelet Based Estimation for Univariate Stable Laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonçalves, Paulo

    Wavelet Based Estimation for Univariate Stable Laws Anestis Antoniadis Laboratoire IMAG to implement. This article describes a fast, wavelet-based, regression-type method for estimating the parameters of a stable distribution. Fourier domain representations, combined with a wavelet multiresolution

  8. Patent Law and Complementary Innovations Yann Mnirey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Patent Law and Complementary Innovations Yann Ménièrey CERNA, Ecole Nationale Supérieure des mines: Innovation, Patent, R&D, Complementarity I am grateful to John Barton, Matthieu Glachant, François Lévêque #12;The patent system was initially designed to provide incentives to develop stand-alone innovations

  9. QER- Comment of Western Environmental Law Center

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    To whom it may concern, I provided the following comments at the public meeting in Santa Fe, NM on 8/11/14: My name is Thomas Singer, and I am a Senior Policy Advisor at the Western Environmental Law Center.

  10. Robust model comparison disfavors power law cosmology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shafer, Daniel L

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Late-time power law expansion has been proposed as an alternative to the standard cosmological model and shown to be consistent with some low-redshift data. We test power law expansion against the standard flat $\\Lambda$CDM cosmology using goodness-of-fit and model comparison criteria. We consider Type Ia supernova (SN Ia) data from two current compilations (Union2.1 and JLA) along with a current set of baryon acoustic oscillation (BAO) measurements that includes the high-redshift Lyman-$\\alpha$ forest measurements from BOSS quasars. We find that neither power law expansion nor $\\Lambda$CDM is strongly preferred over the other when the SN Ia and BAO data are analyzed separately but that power law expansion is strongly disfavored by the combination. We treat the $R_\\text{h} = ct$ cosmology (a constant rate of expansion) separately and find that it is conclusively disfavored by all combinations of data that include SN Ia observations and a poor overall fit when systematic errors in the SN Ia measurements are ig...

  11. Workshop on Energy Law 12 September 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansen, Tom Henning

    Workshop on Energy Law 12 September 2014 Venue: Institut für Energie und Regulierungsrecht Berlin, EUREF-Campus am Gasometer, Haus 13, Torgauer Str. 12-15, 10829 Berlin 10:00 The impact of the new guidelines on state aid for environmental protection and energy on the promotion of renewable energies

  12. DIFFUSION IN SOLIDSDIFFUSION IN SOLIDS FICK'S LAWS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramaniam, Anandh

    Diffusion bonding To comprehend many materials related phenomenon one must understand Diffusion. The focusDIFFUSION IN SOLIDSDIFFUSION IN SOLIDS FICK'S LAWS KIRKENDALL EFFECT ATOMIC MECHANISMS Diffusion in Solids P.G. Shewmon McGraw-Hill, New York (1963) #12;Oxidation Roles of Diffusion Creep Aging

  13. The Spatial Scaling Laws of Compressible Turbulence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Bohua

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Letter proposed spatial scaling laws of the density-weighted energy spectrum of compressible flow in terms of dissipation rate, wave number and the Mach number. The study has shown the compressible turbulence energy spectrum does not show the complete similarity, but incomplete similarity as $E(k,Ma)=(C+\\frac{D}{\\ln{Ma}})\

  14. Using Newton's Law for Dark Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paul Frampton

    2012-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

    A model is introduced in which Newton's law is modified between matter and dark energy corpuscles (DECs). The model predicts that the DEC component is presently decelerating in its expansion at 14% of the magnitude of the matter expansion acceleration. In the future, expansion of the DEC universe will continue to decelerate.

  15. On multitemporal generalization of Newton's gravitational law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. D. Ivashchuk

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A n-time generalization of Newton's law (of universal gravitation) formula in N =n + d + 1-dimensional space-time is conjectured. This formula implies a relation for effective N-dimensional gravitational constant G_{eff} = G cos^2 \\theta, where \\theta is the angle between the direction of motion of two particles in n-dimensional time manifold R^n.

  16. Entropy evolution law in a laser process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jun-hua Chen; Hong-yi Fan

    2012-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    For the first time, we obtain the entropy variation law in a laser process after finding the Kraus operator of the master equation describing the laser process with the use of the entangled state representation. The behavior of entropy is determined by the competition of the gain and damping in the laser process. The photon number evolution formula is also obtained.

  17. Title Slide "Avoiding expensive IT project and product failures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatton, Les

    Title Slide "Avoiding expensive IT project and product failures In 21st century healthcare and potential recall of 1 million of its best-selling Camry and Lexus ES300 sedans because of reports

  18. Failure modes at room and elevated temperatures. Technical report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Braun, L.M.

    1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Successful development of reliable ceramic composites will depend on an understanding of matrix cracking and damage mechanisms in these materials. Therefore, the objective of the Failure Models subtask is to investigate failure and damage mechanisms in fiber reinforced ceramic composites. Issues such as how fiber coatings, the fiber/matrix interface, residual stresses, and fiber volume fraction affect frictional stresses, fiber debonding, fiber pull-out and failure modes will be examined. The effect of these microstructural parameters on matrix crack initiation, propagation and damage will also be determined. The resulting observations and measurements data will be used to develop theoretical models for damage mechanisms in fiber reinforced composites. This report presents results concerning the effect of temperature on the failure modes of continuous fiber ceramic composites performed during the last quarter of FY 1993 and FY 1994. The Raman stress measurements and calculations were performed during the last quarter of FY 1994 and the first quarter of FY 1995.

  19. Considerations in Dealing with the Risk of a Compressor Failure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beals, C. E.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many plants do not have sufficient backup compressor capacity and risk having production outages due to compressor failures. Today, system designs are available that can eliminate this risk; however, there is a cost associated with doing so...

  20. FAILURE PREDICTION AND STRESS ANALYSIS OF MICROCUTTING TOOLS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chittipolu, Sujeev

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    -based products are limited because silicon is brittle. Products can be made from other engineering materials and need to be machined in microscale. This research deals with predicting microtool failure by studying spindle runout and tool deflection effects...

  1. Performance of wireless sensor networks under random node failures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bradonjic, Milan [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hagberg, Aric [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Feng, Pan [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2011-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Networks are essential to the function of a modern society and the consequence of damages to a network can be large. Assessing network performance of a damaged network is an important step in network recovery and network design. Connectivity, distance between nodes, and alternative routes are some of the key indicators to network performance. In this paper, random geometric graph (RGG) is used with two types of node failure, uniform failure and localized failure. Since the network performance are multi-facet and assessment can be time constrained, we introduce four measures, which can be computed in polynomial time, to estimate performance of damaged RGG. Simulation experiments are conducted to investigate the deterioration of networks through a period of time. With the empirical results, the performance measures are analyzed and compared to provide understanding of different failure scenarios in a RGG.

  2. Statistical Modeling of Corrosion Failures in Natural Gas Transmission Pipelines 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cobanoglu, Mustafa Murat

    2014-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Natural gas pipelines are a critical component of the U.S. energy infrastructure. The safety of these pipelines plays a key role for the gas industry. Therefore, the understanding of failure characteristics and their consequences are very important...

  3. Quality of Service of Crash-Recovery Failure Detectors 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Tiejun

    2007-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

    problem when the monitored target is resilient and recovers after failure. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first work to provide an analysis of crash-recovery failure detection from the QoS perspective....We develop a probabilistic model of the behavior of a crash-recovery target, i.e. one which has the ability to recover from the crash state. We show that the fail-free run and the crash-stop run are special cases of the crash-recovery run with mean time to failure (MTTF) approaching to infinity and mean time to recovery (MTTR) approaching to infinity, respectively. We extend the previously published QoS metrics to allow the measurement of the recovery speed, and the definition of the completeness property of a failure detector. Then, the impact of the dependability of the crash-recovery target on the QoS bounds for such a crash-recovery failure detector is analyzed using general dependability metrics, such as MTTF and MTTR, based on an approximate probabilistic model of the two-process failure detection system. Then according to our approximate model, we show how to estimate the failure detector’s parameters to achieve a required QoS, based on Chen et al.’s NFD-S algorithm analytically, and how to execute the configuration procedure of this crash-recovery failure detector....In order to make the failure detector adaptive to the target’s crash-recovery behavior and enable the autonomy of the monitoring procedure, we propose two types of recovery detection protocols. One is a reliable recovery detection protocol, which can guarantee to detect each occurring failure and recovery by adopting persistent storage. The other is a lightweight recovery detection protocol, which does not guarantee to detect every failure and recovery but which reduces the system overhead. Both of these recovery detection protocols improve the completeness without reducing the other QoS aspects of a failure detector. In addition, we also demonstrate how to estimate the inputs, such as the dependability metrics, using the failure detector itself....In order to evaluate our analytical work, we simulate the following failure detection algorithms: the simple heartbeat timeout algorithm, the NFD-S algorithm and the NFDS algorithm with the lightweight recovery detection protocol, for various values of MTTF and MTTR. The simulation results show that the dependability of a recoverable monitored target could have significant impact on the QoS of such a failure detector. This conforms well to our models and analysis. We show that in the case of reasonable long MTTF, the NFD-S algorithm with the lightweight recovery detection protocol exhibits better QoS than the NFD-S algorithm for the completeness of a crash-recovery failure detector, and similarly for other QoS metrics....

  4. Making Sense of the Social Aspects of Business Failure 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinze, Ilka

    2011-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

    by interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA). Emergent themes were the entrepreneurs’ self incorporating values and motivations, their grief and suffering in the aftermath of failure, feelings of betrayal and frustration, financial worries, learning...

  5. Terrestrial Photovoltaic Module Accelerated Test-To-Failure Protocol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Osterwald, C. R.

    2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This technical report documents a test-to-failure protocol that may be used to obtain quantitative information about the reliability of photovoltaic modules using accelerated testing in environmental temperature-humidity chambers.

  6. Geometric control of failure behavior in perforated sheets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michelle M. Driscoll

    2014-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Adding perforations to a continuum sheet allows new modes of deformation, and thus modifies its elastic behavior. The failure behavior of such a perforated sheet is explored, using a model experimental system: a material containing a one-dimensional array of rectangular holes. In this model system, a transition in failure mode occurs as the spacing and aspect ratio of the holes are varied: rapid failure via a running crack is completely replaced by quasi-static failure which proceeds via the breaking of struts at random positions in the array of holes. I demonstrate that this transition can be connected to the loss of stress enhancement which occurs as the material geometry is modified.

  7. Failure Mode and Sensitivity Analysis of Gas Lift Valves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbertson, Eric W.

    Gas-lifted oil wells are susceptible to failure through malfunction of gas lift valves. This is a growing concern as offshore wells are drilled thousands of meters below the ocean floor in extreme temperature and pressure ...

  8. Large-Scale Atomistic Simulations of Material Failure

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Abraham, Farid [IBM Almaden Research; Duchaineau, Mark [LLNL; Wirth, Brian [LLNL; Heidelberg,; Seager, Mark [LLNL; De La Rubia, Diaz [LLNL

    These simulations from 2000 examine the supersonic propagation of cracks and the formation of complex junction structures in metals. Eight simulations concerning brittle fracture, ductile failure, and shockless compression are available.

  9. Mechanistic fracture criteria for the failure of human cortical bone

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nalla, Ravi K.; Kinney, John H.; Ritchie, Robert O.

    2002-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

    A mechanistic understanding of fracture in human bone is critical to predicting fracture risk associated with age and disease. Despite extensive work, a mechanistic framework for describing how the underlying microstructure affects the failure mode in bone is lacking.

  10. Technology platform development for targeted plasma metabolites in human heart failure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    statement from the American Heart Association. CirculationHospitalizations after heart failure diagnosis a communityof and survival with heart failure. N Eng J Med 2002, 347:

  11. Localization and activation of CaMKII delta isoforms and their involvement in heart failure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mishra, Shikha

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    hypertrophy and heart failure ..CaMKII mediated hypertrophy and heart failure .. I.F.II.C. Preparation of heart tissue extract and cell lysate

  12. Three essays on business failure: causality and prediction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Jin

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    such factor (Altman and Izan (1984), Izan (1984), Platt and Platt (1990, 1991), Chava and Jarrow (2004)). Macroeconomic environment represents another factor external to firm. Economic intuitions tend to suggest that the occurrence of business failures... on the shutting down condition in neoclassic microeconomic theory, Platt and Platt (1994) assumed aggregate corporate failure as a function of general cost and economic conditions (revenue benchmark). Across all the differing frameworks, the empirical...

  13. Reactor Materials Program process water piping indirect failure frequency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daugherty, W.L.

    1989-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Following completion of the probabilistic analyses, the LOCA Definition Project has been subject to various external reviews, and as a result the need for several revisions has arisen. This report updates and summarizes the indirect failure frequency analysis for the process water piping. In this report, a conservatism of the earlier analysis is removed, supporting lower failure frequency estimates. The analysis results are also reinterpreted in light of subsequent review comments.

  14. Prioritizing Water Pipe Replacement and Rehabilitation by Evaluating Failure Risk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Sang Hyun

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    PRIORITIZING WATER PIPE REPLACEMENT AND REHABILITATION BY EVALUATING FAILURE RISK A Thesis by SANG HYUN LEE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... 2011 Sang Hyun Lee PRIORITIZING WATER PIPE REPLACEMENT AND REHABILITATION BY EVALUATING FAILURE RISK A Thesis by SANG HYUN LEE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment...

  15. Law, Justice and Regulation at UEA law-justice-regulation@uea.ac.uk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Everest, Graham R

    .dewing@uea.ac.uk Ivan Diaz-Rainey (NBS) Regulation of energy and environmental markets http://www.uea.ac.uk/nbs/people/People/Academic/Ivan+Diaz- Rainey i.diaz-rainey@uea.ac.uk Catherine Wad- dams (NBS/CCP) Economic regulation, competition, energy1 Network on Law, Justice and Regulation at UEA law-justice-regulation@uea.ac.uk 21 October 2010

  16. Power-laws and Non-Power-laws in Dark Matter Halos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. N. Henriksen

    2006-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Simulated dark matter profiles are often modelled as a `NFW' density profile rather than a single power law. Recently, attention has turned to the rather rigorous power-law behaviour exhibited by the `pseudo phase-space density' of the dark matter halo, which is defined dimensionally in terms of the local density and velocity dispersion of the dark matter particles. The non-power-law behaviour of the density profile is generally taken to exclude simple scale-free, in-fall models; however the power-law behaviour of the `pseudo-density' is a counter indication. We argue in this paper that both behaviours may be at least qualitatively understood in terms of a dynamically evolving self-similarity, rather than the form for self-similar infall that is fixed by cosmological initial conditions. The evolution is likely due to collective relaxation such as that provided by the radial-orbit instability on large scales. We deduce, from a distribution function given by first order coarse-graining, both the NFW-type density profile and the power-law pseudo-density profile. The results are not greatly sensitive to variation about 3 in the power of the velocity dispersion used in the definition of the phase space pseudo-density. We suggest that the power 2 may create the more physical quantity, whose deviations from a power-law are a diagnostic of incomplete relaxation.

  17. Returning 2nd and 3rd Year Law Students The School of Law annually awards scholarships to outstanding students on the basis of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dasgupta, Dipankar

    of the editorial staff of the Law Review at the University of Memphis Cecil C. Humphreys School of Law. The EditorReturning 2nd and 3rd Year Law Students The School of Law annually awards scholarships by the law school. They are open to all University of Memphis School of Law students who meet the specified

  18. Attack of the killer acronyms: The Future of IT Law 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guadamuz, Andres

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper discusses the reliance of internet technology law on acronyms, and its deeper socio-legal impact. It suggests that this resonantes for the future of research, teaching, and practice within information technology law.

  19. BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY J. REUBEN CLARK LAW SCHOOL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    -6) ...........................................................13 C. Credit for Co-Curricular (Law 793R §§1BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY J. REUBEN CLARK LAW SCHOOL Policies and Procedures March 2013 #12;Table ................................................................................1 C. Speakers

  20. BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY J. REUBEN CLARK LAW SCHOOL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    -6) ...........................................................13 C. Credit for Co-Curricular (Law 793R §§1BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY J. REUBEN CLARK LAW SCHOOL Policies and Procedures November 2012 #12;Table ................................................................................1 C. Speakers

  1. BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY J. REUBEN CLARK LAW SCHOOL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    -6) ...........................................................13 C. Credit for Co-Curricular (Law 793R §§1BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY J. REUBEN CLARK LAW SCHOOL Policies and Procedures September 2011 (Revised ................................................................................1 C. Speakers

  2. VISCOSITY AND RELAXATION APPROXIMATIONS FOR HYPERBOLIC SYSTEMS OF CONSERVATION LAWS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tzavaras, Athanasios E.

    VISCOSITY AND RELAXATION APPROXIMATIONS FOR HYPERBOLIC SYSTEMS OF CONSERVATION LAWS Athanasios E. Tzavaras Abstract. These lecture notes deal with the approximation of conservation laws via viscosity or relaxation. The following topics are covered: The general structure of viscosity and relaxation

  3. TRANSBOUNDARY GROUNDWATER AND INTERNATIONAL LAW: PAST PRACTICES AND CURRENT IMPLICATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Aaron

    TRANSBOUNDARY GROUNDWATER AND INTERNATIONAL LAW: PAST PRACTICES AND CURRENT IMPLICATIONS By Kyoko........................................................................................................................................ 1 2. The Notion of Transboundary Groundwater................................................................................... 3 3. Evolution of International Groundwater Management in Environmental Law

  4. Tests of the Gravitational Inverse-Square Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. G. Adelberger; B. R. Heckel; A. E. Nelson

    2003-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We review recent experimental tests of the gravitational inverse-square law and the wide variety of theoretical considerations that suggest the law may break down in experimentally accessible regions.

  5. City of Madison- Solar and Wind Access and Planning Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Madison, Wisconsin, has established several local laws to facilitate the planning and permitting of solar and wind systems. The planning guidelines are specific to solar, while the permitting laws...

  6. Forensic imaging tools for law enforcement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SMITHPETER,COLIN L.; SANDISON,DAVID R.; VARGO,TIMOTHY D.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Conventional methods of gathering forensic evidence at crime scenes are encumbered by difficulties that limit local law enforcement efforts to apprehend offenders and bring them to justice. Working with a local law-enforcement agency, Sandia National Laboratories has developed a prototype multispectral imaging system that can speed up the investigative search task and provide additional and more accurate evidence. The system, called the Criminalistics Light-imaging Unit (CLU), has demonstrated the capabilities of locating fluorescing evidence at crime scenes under normal lighting conditions and of imaging other types of evidence, such as untreated fingerprints, by direct white-light reflectance. CLU employs state of the art technology that provides for viewing and recording of the entire search process on videotape. This report describes the work performed by Sandia to design, build, evaluate, and commercialize CLU.

  7. Lectures notes for introduction to environmental law

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cadwell, J.J.

    1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This four-hour overview course is designed to briefly describe the environmental law system. The course provides an overview that managers and technical people will find useful as a beginning course or a course that puts formerly taken detailed courses in perspective. The course begins by defining environmental law and describing the legal system that establishes compliance obligations. Then, all the major Environmental Acts such as The Water Pollution Control Act, The National Environmental Policy Act, Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), and Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) are briefly described and interrelated. All the environmental DOE Orders, selected books, and other source material are referenced. Radioactive pollutants are not discussed; however, reference material is provided.

  8. Weyl laws for partially open quantum maps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emmanuel Schenck

    2009-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We study a toy model for "partially open" wave-mechanical system, like for instance a dielectric micro-cavity, in the semiclassical limit where ray dynamics is applicable. Our model is a quantized map on the 2-dimensional torus, with an additional damping at each time step, resulting in a subunitary propagator, or "damped quantum map". We obtain analogues of Weyl's laws for such maps in the semiclassical limit, and draw some more precise estimates when the classical dynamic is chaotic.

  9. Laws of thermodynamics and game theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lev Sakhnovich

    2011-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Using a game theory approach and a new extremal problem, Gibbs formula is proved in a most simple and general way for the classical mechanics case. A corresponding conjecture on the asymptotics of the classical entropy is formulated. For the ordinary quantum mechanics case, the third law of thermodynamics is derived. Some results on the number of ground states and residual entropy are obtained rigorously.

  10. Local semicircle law for random regular graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roland Bauerschmidt; Antti Knowles; Horng-Tzer Yau

    2015-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider random $d$-regular graphs on $N$ vertices, with degree $d$ at least $(\\log N)^4$. We prove that the Green's function of the adjacency matrix and the Stieltjes transform of its empirical spectral measure are well approximated by Wigner's semicircle law, down to the optimal scale given by the typical eigenvalue spacing (up to a logarithmic correction). Aside from well-known consequences for the local eigenvalue distribution, this result implies the complete delocalization of all eigenvectors.

  11. Fractal Weyl law for Linux Kernel Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Ermann; A. D. Chepelianskii; D. L. Shepelyansky

    2010-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the properties of spectrum and eigenstates of the Google matrix of a directed network formed by the procedure calls in the Linux Kernel. Our results obtained for various versions of the Linux Kernel show that the spectrum is characterized by the fractal Weyl law established recently for systems of quantum chaotic scattering and the Perron-Frobenius operators of dynamical maps. The fractal Weyl exponent is found to be $\

  12. Power-law tailed spectra from equilibrium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. S. Biro; G. Purcsel; G. Gyorgyi; A. Jakovac; Zs. Schram

    2005-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose that power-law tailed hadron spectra may be viewed as stemming from a matter in an unconventional equilibrium state typical for non-extensive thermodynamics. A non-extensive Boltzmann equation, which is able to form such spectra as a stationary solution, is utilized as a rough model of quark matter hadronization. Basic ideas about non-extensive simulation of the QCD equation of state on the lattice are presented.

  13. Alternative fuel information: State alternative fuel laws and incentives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Laws and incentives related to the use of alternative fuels in automobiles are listed for most states of USA.

  14. Disasters and the Law: The Legal Implications of Hurricane Katrina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Law 224.9 Disasters and the Law: The Legal Implications of Hurricane Katrina (Spring 2006) Units: 3 Time: Mondays 3:20-6:00 Course Description: Recent hurricanes and other natural disasters demonstrate An Unnatural Disaster: The Aftermath of Hurricane Katrina. This report, spearheaded by University of Texas law

  15. Fractal Weyl law for quantum fractal eigenstates D. L. Shepelyansky

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shepelyansky, Dima

    Fractal Weyl law for quantum fractal eigenstates D. L. Shepelyansky Laboratoire de Physique of such states is described by the fractal Weyl law, and their Husimi distributions closely follow the strange, and the concept of the fractal Weyl law has been introduced to describe the dependence of the number of resonant

  16. Power laws in economics and elsewhere J. Doyne Farmer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Power laws in economics and elsewhere J. Doyne Farmer and John Geanakoplos May 14, 2008 Abstract We review power laws in financial economics. This is a chapter from a preliminary draft of a book called of it applies to power laws in general ­ the nouns may change, but the underlying questions are similar in many

  17. The Boston College Law School Alumni Connections Application for Facebook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    1 The Boston College Law School Alumni Connections Application for Facebook® How to add the BC Law Alumni Connections application to your Facebook profile............................................................. 2 How to bookmark the BC Law Alumni Connections application in Facebook so it shows on your profile

  18. OPTIMAL CONTROL OF SYSTEMS OF CONSERVATION LAWS AND APPLICATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    OPTIMAL CONTROL OF SYSTEMS OF CONSERVATION LAWS AND APPLICATION TO NON-EQUILIBRIUM TRAFFIC STEERING iteratively optimal control problems involving systems of conservation laws. The irregularity of discontinuous waves in computing an optimal (or suboptimal) control for systems of conservation laws

  19. SCHOOL OF LAW ASSISTANT DEAN FOR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almor, Amit

    SCHOOL OF LAW ASSISTANT DEAN FOR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY University of South Carolina $ Columbia, South Carolina 29208 $ 803/777-8296 An Equal Opportunity Institution School of Law Computer Support Policy I. Purpose: This policy outlines the support provided for law school computers by the School

  20. Analysis of An Adaptive Sampler Based on Weber's Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dabeer, Onkar

    1 Analysis of An Adaptive Sampler Based on Weber's Law Onkar Dabeer Subhasis Chaudhuri Onkar Dabeer;2 Abstract Weber's law suggests a logarithmic relationship between perceptual stimuli and human perception. The Weber sampler is an adaptive, non-uniform sampling mechanism that exploits Weber's law to sample

  1. Isolation of stimulus characteristics contributing to Weber's law for position

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nottingham, University of

    Isolation of stimulus characteristics contributing to Weber's law for position David Whitaker a transition between the scales that determine threshold results in the continuum known as Weber's law; Vernier acuity; Weber's law 1. Introduction The ability to accurately and veridically locate objects

  2. Law and Order in Algorithmics Maarten M. Fokkinga

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fokkinga, Maarten M.

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 5b Transformer and Law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 5cLaw and Order in Algorithmics Maarten M. Fokkinga #12;CIP-DATA KONINKLIJKE BIBLIOTHEEK, DEN HAAG Fokkinga, Maarten M. Law and Order in Algorithmics Maarten M. Fokkinga ­ [S.l.: s.n.] Thesis Enschede

  3. THE LAW OF VECTOR FIELDS Daniel H. Gottlieb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DANIEL H. GOTTLIEB What do I mean ? Look at the example of Newton's Law of Gravitation. HereTHE LAW OF VECTOR FIELDS Daniel H. Gottlieb 1. Introduction. When I was 13, the intellectual world. Something fantastically beautiful. This something is the existence of a few general laws or principles which

  4. THE LAW OF VECTOR FIELDS Daniel H. Gottlieb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;2 DANIEL H. GOTTLIEB What do I mean ? Look at the example of Newton's Law of Gravitation. Here THE LAW OF VECTOR FIELDS Daniel H. Something fantastically beautiful. This something is the existence of a few general laws or principles which

  5. Viscosity and Relaxation Approximation for Hyperbolic Systems of Conservation Laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tzavaras, Athanasios E.

    Viscosity and Relaxation Approximation for Hyperbolic Systems of Conservation Laws Athanasios E with the approximation of conservation laws via viscosity or relaxation. The following topics are covered: The general structure of viscosity and relaxation approximations is discussed, as suggested by the second law

  6. Michigan Law School Pro Bono Program Organization Evaluation of Student

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamat, Vineet R.

    Michigan Law School Pro Bono Program Organization Evaluation of Student Date Student Name the student perform in a professionally responsible manner? Would you supervise another Michigan Law student.) Comments or suggestions regarding Michigan Law School's Pro Bono Program. From: I certify that completed

  7. Certificate of Specialization in Energy and Clean Technology Law (LLM)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Certificate of Specialization in Energy and Clean Technology Law (LLM) Requirements on a topic related to energy or clean technology law through one of the courses listed below that requires of the first week of classes. C t Environmental Law & Energy Policy IP, Entrepreneurship & Energy

  8. Boolean Theory laws proof Number Theory Character Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hehner, Eric C.R.

    Review Boolean Theory laws proof Number Theory Character Theory Bunches Sets Strings Lists for loop 1/109 #12;Review Boolean Theory laws proof Number Theory Character Theory Bunches Sets Strings with exit for loop 2/109 #12;Review Boolean Theory laws proof Number Theory Character Theory Bunches Sets

  9. Chicago-Kent College of Law 565 W. Adams St.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    Law Criminal Litigation Environmental and Energy Law Intellectual Property Law International, builds software tools, teaches classes, and supports faculty, staff, and student projects on access of risks and benefits. Emphasis is placed on forging a shared understanding of the problems at hand

  10. California Environmental Law and Policy Issues (Spring 2006)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Law 273.71 California Environmental Law and Policy Issues (Spring 2006) Units: 2 CCN (2Ls/3Ls on a wide array of key California environmental law and policy issues. Guest speakers include academics. For approximately 25 years, he specialized in environmental and land use litigation, representing the State

  11. Analysis of Dam Failure in the Saluda River February 8, 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morrow, James A.

    Analysis of Dam Failure in the Saluda River Valley February 8, 2005 Abstract We identify and model two possible failure modes for the Saluda Dam: gradual failure due to an enlarging breach and sudden catas- trophic failure due to liqui#12;cation of the dam. For the #12;rst case we de- scribe the breach

  12. Failure Modes of Vacuum Plasma Spray Tungsten Coating Created on Carbon Fibre Composites under Thermal Loads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Failure Modes of Vacuum Plasma Spray Tungsten Coating Created on Carbon Fibre Composites under Thermal Loads

  13. Testing branching process estimators of cascading failure with data from a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dobson, Ian

    the propagation of cascading transmission line failures in large blackouts of electric power systems. We use power transmission system, infrastructure I. INTRODUCTION Cascading failure is a sequence of dependent failures that successively weaken a system. In electric power transmission systems, cascading failure

  14. Robust distributed routing in dynamical networks with cascading failures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Como, Giacomo

    We consider a dynamical formulation of network flows, whereby the network is modeled as a switched system of ordinary differential equations derived from mass conservation laws on directed graphs with a single origin-destination ...

  15. PDC IC WELD FAILURE EVALUATION AND RESOLUTION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Korinko, P.; Howard, S.; Maxwell, D.; Fiscus, J.

    2012-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    During final preparations for start of the PDCF Inner Can (IC) qualification effort, welding was performed on an automated weld system known as the PICN. During the initial weld, using a pedigree canister and plug, a weld defect was observed. The defect resulted in a hole in the sidewall of the canister, and it was observed that the plug sidewall had not been consumed. This was a new type of failure not seen during development and production of legacy Bagless Transfer Cans (FB-Line/Hanford). Therefore, a team was assembled to determine the root cause and to determine if the process could be improved. After several brain storming sessions (MS and T, R and D Engineering, PDC Project), an evaluation matrix was established to direct this effort. The matrix identified numerous activities that could be taken and then prioritized those activities. This effort was limited by both time and resources (the number of canisters and plugs available for testing was limited). A discovery process was initiated to evaluate the Vendor's IC fabrication process relative to legacy processes. There were no significant findings, however, some information regarding forging/anneal processes could not be obtained. Evaluations were conducted to compare mechanical properties of the PDC canisters relative to the legacy canisters. Some differences were identified, but mechanical properties were determined to be consistent with legacy materials. A number of process changes were also evaluated. A heat treatment procedure was established that could reduce the magnetic characteristics to levels similar to the legacy materials. An in-situ arc annealing process was developed that resulted in improved weld characteristics for test articles. Also several tack welds configurations were addressed, it was found that increasing the number of tack welds (and changing the sequence) resulted in decreased can to plug gaps and a more stable weld for test articles. Incorporating all of the process improvements for the actual can welding process, however, did not result in an improved weld geometry. Several possibilities for the lack of positive response exist, some of which are that (1) an insufficient number of test articles were welded under prototypic conditions, (2) the process was not optimized so that significant improvements were observable over the 'noise', and (3) the in-situ arc anneal closed the gap down too much so the can was unable to exhaust pressure ahead of the weld. Several operational and mechanical improvements were identified. The weld clamps were changed to a design consistent with those used in the legacy operations. A helium puff operation was eliminated; it is believed that this operation was the cause of the original weld defect. Also, timing of plug mast movement was found to correspond with weld irregularities. The timing of the movement was changed to occur during weld head travel between tacks. In the end a three sequential tack weld process followed by a pulse weld at the same current and travel speed as was used for the legacy processes was suggested for use during the IC qualification effort. Relative to legacy welds, the PDC IC weld demonstrates greater fluctuation in the region of the weld located between tack welds. However, canister weld response (canister to canister) is consistent and with the aid of the optical mapping system (for targeting the cut position) is considered adequate. DR measurements and METs show the PDC IC welds to have sufficient ligament length to ensure adequate canister pressure/impact capacity and to ensure adequate stub function. The PDC welding process has not been optimized as a result of this effort. Differences remain between the legacy BTC welds and the PDC IC weld, but these differences are not sufficient to prevent resumption of the current PDC IC qualification effort. During the PDC IC qualification effort, a total of 17 cans will be welded and a variety of tests/inspections will be performed. The extensive data collected during that qualification effort should be of a sufficient population to determ

  16. Business Law Law plays a role in our everyday lives. You don't have to be in a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miles, Will

    Business Law Law plays a role in our everyday lives. You don't have to be in a courtroom to see in the business world, whether you're managing a personal business or working with corporate counsel. While the business law minor is not designed to make you a lawyer, it will help you recognize legal issues

  17. Fractional Power-Law Spatial Dispersion in Electrodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tarasov, Vasily E

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electric fields in non-local media with power-law spatial dispersion are discussed. Equations involving a fractional Laplacian in the Riesz form that describe the electric fields in such non-local media are studied. The generalizations of Coulomb's law and Debye's screening for power-law non-local media are characterized. We consider simple models with anomalous behavior of plasma-like media with power-law spatial dispersions. The suggested fractional differential models for these plasma-like media are discussed to describe non-local properties of power-law type.

  18. Statistical analysis of cascading failures in power grids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chertkov, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Pfitzner, Rene [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Turitsyn, Konstantin [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce a new microscopic model of cascading failures in transmission power grids. This model accounts for automatic response of the grid to load fluctuations that take place on the scale of minutes, when optimum power flow adjustments and load shedding controls are unavailable. We describe extreme events, caused by load fluctuations, which cause cascading failures of loads, generators and lines. Our model is quasi-static in the causal, discrete time and sequential resolution of individual failures. The model, in its simplest realization based on the Directed Current description of the power flow problem, is tested on three standard IEEE systems consisting of 30, 39 and 118 buses. Our statistical analysis suggests a straightforward classification of cascading and islanding phases in terms of the ratios between average number of removed loads, generators and links. The analysis also demonstrates sensitivity to variations in line capacities. Future research challenges in modeling and control of cascading outages over real-world power networks are discussed.

  19. Systematic Breakdown of Amontons' Law of Friction for an Elastic Object Locally Obeying Amontons' Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michio Otsuki; Hiroshi Matsukawa

    2013-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

    In many sliding systems consisting of solid object on a solid substrate under dry condition, the friction force does not depend on the apparent contact area and is proportional to the loading force. This behaviour is called Amontons' law and indicates that the friction coefficient, or the ratio of the friction force to the loading force, is constant. Here, however, using numerical and analytical methods, we show that Amontons' law breaks down systematically under certain conditions for an elastic object experiencing a friction force that locally obeys Amontons' law. The macroscopic static friction coefficient, which corresponds to the onset of bulk sliding of the object, decreases as pressure or system length increases. This decrease results from precursor slips before the onset of bulk sliding, and is consistent with the results of certain previous experiments. The mechanisms for these behaviours are clarified. These results will provide new insight into controlling friction.

  20. Fractional power-law spatial dispersion in electrodynamics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tarasov, Vasily E., E-mail: tarasov@theory.sinp.msu.ru [Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation); Departamento de Análisis Matemático, Universidad de La Laguna, 38271 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Trujillo, Juan J., E-mail: jtrujill@ullmat.es [Departamento de Análisis Matemático, Universidad de La Laguna, 38271 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain)

    2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Electric fields in non-local media with power-law spatial dispersion are discussed. Equations involving a fractional Laplacian in the Riesz form that describe the electric fields in such non-local media are studied. The generalizations of Coulomb’s law and Debye’s screening for power-law non-local media are characterized. We consider simple models with anomalous behavior of plasma-like media with power-law spatial dispersions. The suggested fractional differential models for these plasma-like media are discussed to describe non-local properties of power-law type. -- Highlights: •Plasma-like non-local media with power-law spatial dispersion. •Fractional differential equations for electric fields in the media. •The generalizations of Coulomb’s law and Debye’s screening for the media.

  1. Inferring the Rate-Length Law of Protein Folding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lane, Thomas J

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the rate-length scaling law of protein folding, a key undetermined scaling law in the analytical theory of protein folding. We demonstrate that chain length is a dominant factor determining folding times, and that the unambiguous determination of the way chain length corre- lates with folding times could provide key mechanistic insight into the folding process. Four specific proposed laws (power law, exponential, and two stretched exponentials) are tested against one an- other, and it is found that the power law best explains the data. At the same time, the fit power law results in rates that are very fast, nearly unreasonably so in a biological context. We show that any of the proposed forms are viable, conclude that more data is necessary to unequivocally infer the rate-length law, and that such data could be obtained through a small number of protein folding experiments on large protein domains.

  2. Failure of linear control in noisy coupled map lattices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David A. Egolf; Joshua E. S. Socolar

    1997-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We study a 1D ring of diffusively coupled logistic maps in the vicinity of an unstable, spatially homogeneous fixed point. The failure of linear controllers due to additive noise is discussed with the aim of clarifying the failure mechanism. A criterion is suggested for estimating the noise level that can be tolerated by the given controller. The criterion implies the loss of control for surprisingly low noise levels in certain cases of interest, and accurately accounts for the results of numerical experiments over a broad range of parameter values. Previous results of Grigoriev, et al (Phys. Rev. Lett., 79, 2795) are reviewed and compared with our numerical and analytical results.

  3. A Précis of Some Recent Developments in Computational Failure Mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Borst, R; Askes, Harm; Gutiérrez, Miguel A; Remmers, Joris J C; Wells, G N

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    WCCM V Fifth World Congress on Computational Mechanics July 7-12, 2002, Vienna, Austria Eds.: H.A. Mang, F.G. Rammerstorfer, J. Eberhardsteiner A Pre´cis of Some Recent Developments in Computational Failure Mechanics Rene´ de Borst*, Harm Askes... transition from a (higher-order) continuum description to a genuine discontinuum in a numerical context. This is ex- tremely powerful, since now the entire failure process, from small-scale yielding or the initiation of voids and micro-cracks up...

  4. Failure of sheathed thermocouples due to thermal cycling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, R.L.; Ludwig, R.L.

    1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Open circuit failures (up to 100%) in small-diameter thermocouples used in electrically heated nuclear fuel rod simulator prototypes during thermal cycling tests were investigated to determine the cause(s) of the failures. The experiments conducted to determine the relative effects of differential thermal expansion, wire size, grain size, and manufacturing technology are described. It was concluded that the large grain size and embrittlement which result from certain common manufacturing annealing and drawing procedures were a major contributing factor in the breakage of the thermocouple wires.

  5. Ground control failures. A pictorial view of case studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peng, S.S.

    2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The book shows, in pictorial views, many forms and/or stages of types of failures in mines, for instance, cutter, roof falls, and cribs. In each case, the year of occurrence is stated in the beginning so that the environment or technological background under which it occurred are reflected. The narrative than begins with the mining and geological conditions, followed by a description of the ground control problems and recommended solutions and results, if any. The sections cover failure of pillars, roof falls, longwall, roof bolting, multiple-seam mining, floor heave, longwall, flooding and weathering of coal, old workings, and shortwall and thin-seam plow longwall.

  6. Fractal Weyl law for chaotic microcavities: Fresnel's laws imply multifractal scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jan Wiersig; Jörg Main

    2007-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We demonstrate that the harmonic inversion technique is a powerful tool to analyze the spectral properties of optical microcavities. As an interesting example we study the statistical properties of complex frequencies of the fully chaotic microstadium. We show that the conjectured fractal Weyl law for open chaotic systems [W. T. Lu, S. Sridhar, and M. Zworski, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 154101 (2003)] is valid for dielectric microcavities only if the concept of the chaotic repeller is extended to a multifractal by incorporating Fresnel's laws.

  7. Physical Consonance Law of Sound Waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mario Goto

    2005-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Sound consonance is the reason why it is possible to exist music in our life. However, rules of consonance between sounds had been found quite subjectively, just by hearing. To care for, the proposal is to establish a sound consonance law on the basis of mathematical and physical foundations. Nevertheless, the sensibility of the human auditory system to the audible range of frequencies is individual and depends on a several factors such as the age or the health in a such way that the human perception of the consonance as the pleasant sensation it produces, while reinforced by an exact physical relation, may involves as well the individual subjective feeling.

  8. Drag Law of Two Dimensional Granular Fluids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Satoshi Takada; Hisao Hayakawa

    2015-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Drag force law acting on a moving circular disk in a two-dimensional granular medium is analyzed based on the discrete element method (DEM). It is remarkable that the drag force on the moving disk in moderate dense and pure two-dimensional granular medium can be well reproduced by a perfect fluid with separation from the boundary. A yield force, being independent of the moving speed of the disk, appears if a dry friction between the granular disks and the bottom plate exists. The perfect fluidity is violated in this case. The yield force and the drag force diverge at the jamming point.

  9. Holographic Space-time and Newton's Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tom Banks; Willy Fischler

    2013-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We derive Newton's Law from the formalism of Holographic Space-Time (HST). More precisely, we show that for a large class of Hamiltonians of the type proposed previously for the HST description of a geodesic in Minkowski space, the eikonal for scattering of two massless particles at large impact parameter scales as expected with the impact parameter and the energies of the particles in the center of mass (CM) frame. We also discuss the criteria for black hole production in this collision, and find an estimate, purely within the HST framework, for the impact parameter at which it sets in, which coincides with the estimate based on general relativity.

  10. Error of law and flawed administrative acts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feldman, David

    2014-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

    , n. 1 above; R. v Panel on Takeovers and Mergers, ex parte Datafin plc [1987] Q.B. 815, CA; R. (Cart) v Upper Tribunal (Public Law Project and another intervening), n. 7 above. 28 R. (Shoesmith) v Ofsted [2011] EWCA Civ 642, [2011] P.T.S.R. 1459... 30 R. v Panel on Takeovers and Mergers, ex parte Guinness plc [1990] 1 Q.B. 146 at 177, [1989] 1 All E.R. 509 at 526, CA, per Lord Donaldson M.R. See also R. v Secretary of State for the Home Department, ex parte Swati and Butt [1986] 1 W.L.R. 477...

  11. Planck's Radiation Law in the Quantized Universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rainer Collier

    2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Physical research looks for clues to quantum properties of the gravitational field. On the basis of the common Schr\\"odinger theory, a simple model of the quantization of a Friedmann universe comprising dust and radiation is investigated. With regard to energy quantization, the result suggests a universal limitation of the energy spacing between neighbouring quantum states by the Planck energy. Applied to black-body radiation, a modified Planck radiation law follows. If this could be verified in the laboratory, it would provide a direct hint at quantum properties of the space-time manifold.

  12. Laws & Legal Resources | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial602 1,39732on ArmedManufacturingJune 17, 2015LMLandLaws & Legal

  13. NAC 484 - Traffic Laws | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources Jump to:MuskingumMyers-4 Jump-84 - Traffic Laws

  14. additional hard power-law: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of a vector of parame... Robinson, Peter M 2012-01-01 49 Zipf's law, power laws, and maximum entropy CERN Preprints Summary: Zipf's law, and power laws in general, have...

  15. McGill/Shantou Summer Law Program The Faculty of Law is delighted to announce that the McGill/Shantou Summer Law Program will be

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volesky, Bohumil

    costs in China. Financial assistance may be requested in exceptional cases. The remainder of the costs (Guangdong Province, China), will offer an exciting opportunity for McGill and Shantou law students to learn, China, May 19-30, 2014 inclusive. Program Objectives The joint program offered by the Faculty of Law

  16. Micromechanical simulation of the failure of ber reinforced composites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Micromechanical simulation of the failure of ®ber reinforced composites Chad M. Landisa, *, Irene J Abstract The strength of unidirectionally reinforced ®ber composites is simulated using the three lag model for broken ®bers in composites. J. Comp. Mat. 33, 667±680) and Weibull ®ber statistics

  17. Predicting Electricity Distribution Feeder Failures Using Machine Learning Susceptibility Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomkins, Andrew

    ) from the generating station to substations closer to the customers 3.Primary Distribution: electricity into the city from upstate New York, New Jersey and Long Island, as well as from in-city generation facilitiesPredicting Electricity Distribution Feeder Failures Using Machine Learning Susceptibility Analysis

  18. Ris-R-1261(EN) Fatigue Degradation and Failure of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Such applications are for instance rotor blades in wind turbines, helicopter rotor blades, flywheels for energyRisø-R-1261(EN) Fatigue Degradation and Failure of Rotating Composite Structures ­ Materials Characterisation and Underlying Mechanisms E. Kristofer Gamstedt and Svend Ib Andersen Materials Research

  19. Abduction with Negation as Failure for Active Databases and Agents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toni, Francesca

    Abduction with Negation as Failure for Active Databases and Agents Fariba Sadri and Francesca Toni suggested abductive logic programming as a suitable formalism to represent active databases and intelligent agents. In particular, abducibles and integrity constaints in abductive logic pro- grams can be used

  20. Abduction with Negation as Failure for Active and Reactive Rules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toni, Francesca

    Abduction with Negation as Failure for Active and Reactive Rules Fariba Sadri and Francesca Toni suggested abductive logic programming as a suitable formalism to represent active databases and intelligent agents. In particular, abducibles in abductive logic programs can be used to repre- sent actions

  1. Formal Verification of Unreliable Failure Detectors in Partially Synchronous Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mousavi, Mohammad

    Formal Verification of Unreliable Failure Detectors in Partially Synchronous Systems M. Atif TU/Eindhoven Dept. of Computer Science P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands m.atif@tue.nl M.R. Mousavi TU/Eindhoven Dept. of Computer Science P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands m

  2. Joint Traffic Blocking and Routing under Network Failures and Maintenances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Yong

    Joint Traffic Blocking and Routing under Network Failures and Maintenances Chao Liang ECE Dept paths. Therefore, it is important to design ingress traffic blocking and routing jointly to achieve a good balance between the two factors. Working towards this goal, we formulate a joint ingress blocking

  3. Energy-Efficient Neuronal Computation via Quantal Synaptic Failures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levy, William B.

    Energy-Efficient Neuronal Computation via Quantal Synaptic Failures William B Levy1 and Robert A, and many of these com- promises can be expressed in terms of energy efficiency. For example, a compromise; efficiency; energy; entropy; infor- mation theory; mutual information; optimization; quantal fail- ures

  4. HYDROGEN EMBRITTLEMENT OF METALS: A PRIMER FOR THE FAILURE ANALYST

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Louthan, M

    2008-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Hydrogen reduces the service life of many metallic components. Such reductions may be manifested as blisters, as a decrease in fatigue resistance, as enhanced creep, as the precipitation of a hydride phase and, most commonly, as unexpected, macroscopically brittle failure. This unexpected, brittle fracture is commonly termed hydrogen embrittlement. Frequently, hydrogen embrittlement occurs after the component has been is service for a period of time and much of the resulting fracture surface is distinctly intergranular. Many failures, particularly of high strength steels, are attributed to hydrogen embrittlement simply because the failure analyst sees intergranular fracture in a component that served adequately for a significant period of time. Unfortunately, simply determining that a failure is due to hydrogen embrittlement or some other form of hydrogen induced damage is of no particular help to the customer unless that determination is coupled with recommendations that provide pathways to avoid such damage in future applications. This paper presents qualitative and phenomenological descriptions of the hydrogen damage processes and outlines several metallurgical recommendations that may help reduce the susceptibility of a particular component or system to the various forms of hydrogen damage.

  5. Performance of Wireless Sensor Networks Under Random Node Failures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hagberg, Aric

    Performance of Wireless Sensor Networks Under Random Node Failures Milan Bradonji´c Bell range wireless sensor network applications with sensors distributed in the field using decentralized distribution. RGGs have been a standard tool to model and study wireless ad-hoc and wireless sensor networks [4

  6. A MAINTENANCE MODEL FOR COMPONENTS EXPOSED TO SEVERAL FAILURE MECHANISMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langseth, Helge

    . The preventive maintenance (PM) is performed periodically with some fixed period , but PM can also be performed describe the "goodness" of the maintenance crew; their ability to prevent failures by performing thorough is assumed to undergo preventive maintenance (PM), usually at fixed time periods > 0. In addition

  7. Backup strategy for robots' failures in an automotive assembly system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben-Gal, Irad E.

    history: Received 23 October 2006 Accepted 16 September 2007 Keywords: Automotive industry Assembly lines in the automotive industry High-volume body-shop systems in the automotive industry often consist of a seriesBackup strategy for robots' failures in an automotive assembly system Tomer Kahan a , Yossi Bukchin

  8. Composting Successes and Failures Extending the Growing Season Workshop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amin, S. Massoud

    3/18/2014 1 Composting Successes and Failures Extending the Growing Season Workshop LaMoine Nickel University of MN SWROC March 12, 2014 Beginning of compost process 9/6/2013 Finished compost product 11/19/2013 What is Composting Composting is a biological process in which microorganisms convert organic

  9. MEMS Reliability: Infrastructure, Test Structures, Experiments, and Failure Modes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    TANNER,DANELLE M.; SMITH,NORMAN F.; IRWIN,LLOYD W.; EATON,WILLIAM P.; HELGESEN,KAREN SUE; CLEMENT,J. JOSEPH; MILLER,WILLIAM M.; MILLER,SAMUEL L.; DUGGER,MICHAEL T.; WALRAVEN,JEREMY A.; PETERSON,KENNETH A.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The burgeoning new technology of Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) shows great promise in the weapons arena. We can now conceive of micro-gyros, micro-surety systems, and micro-navigators that are extremely small and inexpensive. Do we want to use this new technology in critical applications such as nuclear weapons? This question drove us to understand the reliability and failure mechanisms of silicon surface-micromachined MEMS. Development of a testing infrastructure was a crucial step to perform reliability experiments on MEMS devices and will be reported here. In addition, reliability test structures have been designed and characterized. Many experiments were performed to investigate failure modes and specifically those in different environments (humidity, temperature, shock, vibration, and storage). A predictive reliability model for wear of rubbing surfaces in microengines was developed. The root causes of failure for operating and non-operating MEMS are discussed. The major failure mechanism for operating MEMS was wear of the polysilicon rubbing surfaces. Reliability design rules for future MEMS devices are established.

  10. Distributed Average Consensus in Sensor Networks with Random Link Failures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moura, José

    Distributed Average Consensus in Sensor Networks with Random Link Failures Soummya Kar Department: soummyakgandrew.cmu.edu Abstract We study the impact of the topology of a sensor network on distributed average in terms of a moment of the distribution of the norm of a function of the network graph Laplacian matrix L

  11. LESSONS LEARNED FROM AN IMPOUNDMENT SLOPE FAILURE INVOLVING GEOSYNTHETICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    failure involving a reinforced geosynthetic clay liner in a sedimentation pond at a waste containment. KEYWORDS: Geosynthetic clay liners, Interface Shear Strength, Waste containment, Strength, Stability to illustrate the importance of (i) properly storing geosynthetic clay liners (GCLs) to reduce the amount

  12. Coding Hazardous Tree Failures for a Data Management System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Standiford, Richard B.

    management; computer programs; coding. The Author Lee A. Paine is a forest pathologist, stationed in Berkeley in the manual on the indicated pages. Page 7, just above H. Property or Person Directly Affected, insert: CityCoding Hazardous Tree Failures for a Data Management System Lee A. Paine PACIFIC SOUTHWEST

  13. Failure Modes and Effects Analysis -LRRR PAGE ~1 Ofll 8

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    Analysis (FMEA) is to discover critical failure areas in a system and to remove susceptibility. This memo contains the results of a preliminary FMEA for the LRRR experiment. This analysis will be revised deployed on the moon as a part of the Apollo 11 mission, this FMEA will not dwell on the aspects

  14. Failure as a Service (FaaS): A Cloud Service for Large-Scale, Online Failure Drills

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Irvine, University of

    . Gunawi Thanh Do Joseph M. Hellerstein Ion Stoica Dhruba Borthakur Jesse Robbins Electrical Engineering of Wisconsin, Madison Facebook Opscode Abstract Cloud computing is pervasive, but cloud service outages still." One main reason why ma- jor outages still occur is that there are many un- known large-scale failure

  15. A dynamical law for slow crack growth in polycarbonate films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortet, Pierre-Philippe; Ciliberto, Sergio

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study experimentally the slow growth of a single crack in polycarbonate films submitted to uniaxial and constant imposed stress. For this visco-plastic material, we uncover a dynamical law that describes the dependence of the instantaneous crack velocity with experimental parameters. The law involves a Dugdale-Barenblatt static description of crack tip plastic zones associated to an Eyring's law and an empirical dependence with the crack length that may come from a residual elastic field.

  16. Filament velocity scaling laws for warm ions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Manz, P. [Physik-Department E28, Technische Universität München, James-Franck-Str. 1, 85748 Garching (Germany) [Physik-Department E28, Technische Universität München, James-Franck-Str. 1, 85748 Garching (Germany); Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Assoziation, Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching (Germany); Carralero, D.; Birkenmeier, G.; Müller, H. W.; Scott, B. D. [Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Assoziation, Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching (Germany)] [Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Assoziation, Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching (Germany); Müller, S. H. [Center for Momentum Transport and Flow Organization, University of California at San Diego, San Diego 92093 (United States)] [Center for Momentum Transport and Flow Organization, University of California at San Diego, San Diego 92093 (United States); Fuchert, G. [Insitut für Grenzflächenverfahrenstechnik und Plasmatechnologie, Universität Stuttgart, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany)] [Insitut für Grenzflächenverfahrenstechnik und Plasmatechnologie, Universität Stuttgart, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany); Stroth, U. [Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Assoziation, Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching (Germany) [Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Assoziation, Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching (Germany); Physik-Department E28, Technische Universität München, James-Franck-Str. 1, 85748 Garching (Germany)

    2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The dynamics of filaments or blobs in the scrape-off layer of magnetic fusion devices are studied by magnitude estimates of a comprehensive drift-interchange-Alfvén fluid model. The standard blob models are reproduced in the cold ion case. Even though usually neglected, in the scrape-off layer, the ion temperature can exceed the electron temperature by an order of magnitude. The ion pressure affects the dynamics of filaments amongst others by adding up to the interchange drive and the polarisation current. It is shown how both effects modify the scaling laws for filament velocity in dependence of its size. Simplifications for experimentally relevant limit regimes are given. These are the sheath dissipation, collisional, and electromagnetic regime.

  17. Absolute conservation law for black holes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Grumiller; W. Kummer

    1999-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

    In all 2d theories of gravity a conservation law connects the (space-time dependent) mass aspect function at all times and all radii with an integral of the matter fields. It depends on an arbitrary constant which may be interpreted as determining the initial value together with the initial values for the matter field. We discuss this for spherically reduced Einstein-gravity in a diagonal metric and in a Bondi-Sachs metric using the first order formulation of spherically reduced gravity, which allows easy and direct fixations of any type of gauge. The relation of our conserved quantity to the ADM and Bondi mass is investigated. Further possible applications (ideal fluid, black holes in higher dimensions or AdS spacetimes etc.) are straightforward generalizations.

  18. The Ultimate Law of Social Evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Overlander, Jacob Alphaeus

    1901-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 O 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 THE ULTIf'ATE LAW OF SOCIAL E7GLUTI0?-T. I n de termin ing the u n d e r l y i n g force? o f the s o c i a l organism, t h e o r i s t s and s c i e n t i... in the KU Libraries’ Center for Digital Scholarship. http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu Submitted to the Department of Sociology of the University of Kansas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts P o c i t H g y • O v e r l...

  19. $?$-Deformed Statistics and Classical Fourmomentum Addition Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Daszkiewicz; J. Lukierski; M. Woronowicz

    2008-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider $\\kappa$-deformed relativistic symmetries described algebraically by modified Majid-Ruegg bicrossproduct basis and investigate the quantization of field oscillators for the $\\kappa$-deformed free scalar fields on $\\kappa$-Minkowski space. By modification of standard multiplication rule, we postulate the $\\kappa$-deformed algebra of bosonic creation and annihilation operators. Our algebra permits to define the n-particle states with classical addition law for the fourmomenta in a way which is not in contradiction with the nonsymmetric quantum fourmomentum coproduct. We introduce $\\kappa$-deformed Fock space generated by our $\\kappa$-deformed oscillators which satisfy the standard algebraic relations with modified $\\kappa$-multiplication rule. We show that such a $\\kappa$-deformed bosonic Fock space is endowed with the conventional bosonic symmetry properties. Finally we discuss the role of $\\kappa$-deformed algebra of oscillators in field-theoretic noncommutative framework.

  20. Thermodynamic laws beyond free energy relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matteo Lostaglio; David Jennings; Terry Rudolph

    2014-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent studies have developed fundamental limitations on nanoscale thermodynamics, in terms of a set of independent free energy relations. Here we show that free energy relations cannot properly describe quantum coherence in thermodynamic processes. By casting time-asymmetry as a quantifiable, fundamental resource of a quantum state we arrive at an additional, independent set of thermodynamic laws, that naturally extend the existing ones. These asymmetry relations reveal that the traditional Szilard engine argument does not extend automatically to quantum coherences, but instead only relational coherences in a multipartite scenario can contribute to thermodynamic work. We find that coherence transformations are always irreversible. Our results also reveal additional structural parallels between thermodynamics and entanglement theory.

  1. A Legal Options Approach to EC Company Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hertig, Gerard; McCahery, Joseph A.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2005), Enforcement of Corporate Governance Codes, ECGI LawETH Zurich). Professor of Corporate Governance and BusinessVisiting Professor of Corporate Governance at the Solvay

  2. Solar Easements and Local Option Solar Rights Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Utah's solar easement provisions are similar to easement provisions in many other states. Parties may voluntarily enter into written solar easement contracts that are enforceable by law. An...

  3. abortion law reform: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to reform Massachusetts law Materials Science Websites Summary: , and access to health care. The course benefitted from the continued dedication of an exceptional teachingAdvocacy...

  4. Maximum entropy generation in open systems: the Fourth Law?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Umberto Lucia

    2010-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper develops an analytical and rigorous formulation of the maximum entropy generation principle. The result is suggested as the Fourth Law of Thermodynamics.

  5. Arms control and the rule of law

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tanzman, E.A.

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many who speak of the end of the Cold War emphasize the warming of international relations when they speak of the momentous consequences of this event. According to this image, the half century since Trinity has been a period of sparse international communication during which the Eastern and Western blocs hibernated in their isolated dens of security alliances. Yet it is equally valid to consider the implications of the end of the war footing that has underlain the policies of all of the major military powers during the last fifty years. While meaningful international dialogue was in a state of relative lethargy during much of this period, the military establishments of the Great Powers were actively engaged in using as much force as possible in their efforts to control world affairs, short of triggering a nuclear holocaust. International discourse, at least in English, was rife with such military images as appeasement, containment, crisis stability, and tripwires. From the military posture of the U.S. and Russia a tense peace ironically emerged, but the terms by which decisions were made about controlling weapons of mass destruction (i.e., nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons) were the terms of war. The thesis of this paper is that the end of the Cold War marks a shift away from reliance on military might toward an international commitment to control weapons of mass destruction through the rule of law developed by John Rawls. The progression of agreements during this century to limit weapons of mass destruction testifies to this new development. A review of arms control agreements that the U.S. is a part of show clear growth of the rule of law as the world has left the Cold War.

  6. Delamination Failures in Long-Term Field Aged PV Modules from...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Delamination Failures in Long-Term Field Aged PV Modules from Point of View of Encapsulant Delamination Failures in Long-Term Field Aged PV Modules from Point of View of...

  7. Failure of man-made cavities in salt and surface subsidence due to sulfur mining

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coates, G.K.; Lee, C.A.; McClain, W.C.; Senseny, P.E.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An engineering data base relevant to subsidence due to sulfur mining and to structural failure of cavities in salt is established, evaluated and documented. Nineteen failure events are discussed. Based on these documented failure events, capabilities of and inputs to a mathematical model of cavity failure are determined. Two failure events are adequately documented for use in model verification studies. A conclusion of this study that is pertinent to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve is that cavity failures in dome salt are fairly rare, but that as the number of large cavities (especially those having large roof spans) increases, failures will probably be more common unless stability and failure mechanisms of cavities are better understood.

  8. Failure record discounting in Bayesian analysis in Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) : a space system application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lekkakos, Spyridon-Damianos

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In estimating a system-specific binomial probability of failure on demand in Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA), the corresponding number of observed failures may be not directly applicable due to design or procedure ...

  9. New Functional Imaging Technology to Differentiate between Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Heart Failure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pollack, Charles V.; Slattery, David E

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    improvement of congestive heart failure: a pilot study. BMCtesting and the accuracy of heart failure diagnosis in theemergency department. Circ Heart Fail. 2010 Jan;3(1):104-10.

  10. Relaxin: Review of Biology and Potential Role in Treating Heart Failure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teichman, Sam L.; Unemori, Elaine; Teerlink, John R.; Cotter, Gad; Metra, Marco

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Curr Heart Fail Rep (2010) 7:75–82 DOI 10.1007/s11897-010-Potential Role in Treating Heart Failure Sam L. Teichman &of patients with acute heart failure. Preliminary results

  11. A Path Planning Strategy for Kinematically Redundant Manipulators Anticipating Joint Failures in the Presence of Obstacles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maciejewski, Anthony A.

    's reliability. However, robot failures are not uncommon. It has been estimated that 28.7% of industrial robots that over 60% of industrial robots had a mean-time-between-failure of less than 500 hours [7]. A number

  12. Corporate bankruptcy : assessment, analysis and prediction of financial distress, insolvency, and failure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danilov, Konstantin A

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper is divided into three sections that address the various elements of understanding, predicting and analyzing corporate failure and bankruptcy. Part I covers the definitions of corporate failure, explains the ...

  13. Statistical Analysis of LifeData with Masked CauseofFailure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basu, Sanjib

    , a detailed Failure Mode Effect Analysis (FMEA) can be carried out in a routine manner. In reliability been pursued under the general heading of Failure Mode Effect Analysis (FMEA) when the exact causes

  14. Downloading Competition Law from a Regional Trade Agreement (RTA): A New Strategy to Introduce Competion Law in Bolivia and Ecuador

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcos, Francisco

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    El derecho de la competencia en Bolivia”, Rev. Derecho de laal Consumidor. Casos de Bolivia, Costa Rica, El Salvador,INTRODUCE COMPETITION LAW IN BOLIVIA AND ECUADOR Francisco

  15. Summary of failure analysis activities at Brookhaven National Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cowgill, M.G.; Czajkowski, C.J.; Franz, E.M.

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Brookhaven National Laboratory has for many years conducted examinations related to the failures of nuclear materials and components. These examinations included the confirmation of root cause analyses, the determination of the causes of failure, identification of the species that accelerate corrosion, and comparison of the results of nondestructive examinations with those obtained by destructive examination. The results of those examinations, which had previously appeared in various formats (formal and informal reports, journal articles, etc.), have been collected together and summarized in the present report. The report is divided into sections according to the general subject matter (for example, corrosion, fatigue, etc.). Each section presents summaries of the information contained in specific reports and publications, all of which are fully identified as to title, authors, report number or journal reference, date of publication, and FIN number under which the work was performed.

  16. Dynamic Modeling of Cascading Failure in Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, Jiajia; Ghanavati, Goodarz; Hines, Paul D H

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The modeling of cascading failure in power systems is difficult because of the many different mechanisms involved; no single model captures all of these mechanisms. Understanding the relative importance of these different mechanisms is an important step in choosing which mechanisms need to be modeled for particular types of cascading failure analysis. This work presents a dynamic simulation model of both power networks and protection systems, which can simulate a wider variety of cascading outage mechanisms, relative to existing quasi-steady state (QSS) models. The model allows one to test the impact of different load models and protections on cascading outage sizes. This paper describes each module of the developed dynamic model and demonstrates how different mechanisms interact. In order to test the model we simulated a batch of randomly selected $N-2$ contingencies for several different static load configurations, and found that the distribution of blackout sizes and event lengths from the proposed dynamic...

  17. Failure Rate Data Analysis for High Technology Components

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    L. C. Cadwallader

    2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Understanding component reliability helps designers create more robust future designs and supports efficient and cost-effective operations of existing machines. The accelerator community can leverage the commonality of its high-vacuum and high-power systems with those of the magnetic fusion community to gain access to a larger database of reliability data. Reliability studies performed under the auspices of the International Energy Agency are the result of an international working group, which has generated a component failure rate database for fusion experiment components. The initial database work harvested published data and now analyzes operating experience data. This paper discusses the usefulness of reliability data, describes the failure rate data collection and analysis effort, discusses reliability for components with scarce data, and points out some of the intersections between magnetic fusion experiments and accelerators.

  18. Degradation and failure characteristics of NPP containment protective coating systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sindelar, R.L.

    2000-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A research program to investigate the performance and potential for failure of Service Level 1 coating systems used in nuclear power plant containment is in progress. The research activities are aligned to address phenomena important to cause failure as identified by the industry coatings expert panel. The period of interest for performance covers the time from application of the coating through 40 years of service, followed by a medium-to-large break loss-of-coolant accident scenario, which is a design basis accident (DBA) scenario. The interactive program elements are discussed in this report and the application of these elements to the System 5 coating system (polyamide epoxy primer, carbon steel substrate) is used to evaluate performance.

  19. Bayesian failure probability model sensitivity study. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Office of the Manager, National Communications System (OMNCS) has developed a system-level approach for estimating the effects of High-Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse (HEMP) on the connectivity of telecommunications networks. This approach incorporates a Bayesian statistical model which estimates the HEMP-induced failure probabilities of telecommunications switches and transmission facilities. The purpose of this analysis is to address the sensitivity of the Bayesian model. This is done by systematically varying two model input parameters--the number of observations, and the equipment failure rates. Throughout the study, a non-informative prior distribution is used. The sensitivity of the Bayesian model to the noninformative prior distribution is investigated from a theoretical mathematical perspective.

  20. Correlation of electrical reactor cable failure with materials degradation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stuetzer, O.M.

    1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Complete circuit failure (shortout) of electrical cables typically used in nuclear power plant containments is investigated. Failure modes are correlated with the mechanical deterioration of the elastomeric cable materials. It is found that for normal reactor operation, electrical cables are reliable and safe over very long periods. During high temperature excursions, however, cables pulled across corners under high stress may short out due to conductor creep. Severe cracking will occur in short times during high temperatures (>150/sup 0/C) and in times of the order of years at elevated temperatures (100/sup 0/C to 140/sup 0/C). A theoretical treatment of stress distribution responsible for creep and for cracking by J.E. Reaugh of Science Applications, Inc. is contained in the Appendix. 29 refs., 32 figs.

  1. Accelerated Testing and On-Sun Failure of CPV Die-Attach (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bosco, N.; Kurtz, S.; Stokes, A.

    2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Accelerated Testing and On-Sun Failure of CPV Die-attach. Presentation on CPV accelerated reliability testing.

  2. Patient-specific modeling of cardiac electromechanics in dyssynchronous heart failure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shin, Jun Seob

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1.3 Congestive Heart1.1: Longitudinal cross-section of the heart . . . . . . .Classification of heart failure . . . . . . . . . . . .

  3. Nickel alloy stud bolts failure: A case history

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Toffolo, G.; Fassina, P.; Marangoni, M. [AGIP SpA, Milan (Italy); Msallem, A. [AGIP Oil, Tripoli (Libyan Arab Jamahiriya)

    1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    High strength and corrosion resistance material as Inconel X-750 has been selected for the seal flange bolts in an off-shore field in Libya, due to its properties at high temperature, needed for compliance with Fire Safe requirements. After 4 years from the production start-up, during a routine maintenance of wellheads, some bolts have been found cracked. The paper deals with all the activities done in order to understand the cause of the failure. In particular failure analysis has been carried out through laboratory investigation, and shop tests have been conducted to confirm the field procedure and determine the tension on the bolts during the installation. The main conclusion was that the bolts failed due to the concurrence of stress (over-torque that means stress level higher than yield one) and corrosion (pit/crevice conditions). This environmentally assisted failure is known as Hydrogen Embrittlement (HE). Test carried out using the same X-mas tree mounted on the platform justifies the assumption that in the field, where the conditions are far from the ideal, it is possible that even when a uniform torque is set, the tensile stress applied to the bolts is not uniform, making the situation critical. From the corrosion side, the failed bolts showed some corrosion points near the cracks, as due to environment in the crevice/pitting conditions required to justify the hydrogen presence (the bolts are not cathodically protected). Fatigue has been demonstrated not to be responsible for the failure. Solutions are recommended which can safely be adopted during the installation and the substitution of bolts on an existing wellhead, which is operative under pressure without shutting in the well, and not impairing the safety operating envelope.

  4. Defining Human Failure Events for Petroleum Risk Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ronald L. Boring; Knut Øien

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, an identification and description of barriers and human failure events (HFEs) for human reliability analysis (HRA) is performed. The barriers, called target systems, are identified from risk significant accident scenarios represented as defined situations of hazard and accident (DSHAs). This report serves as the foundation for further work to develop petroleum HFEs compatible with the SPAR-H method and intended for reuse in future HRAs.

  5. Evaluations of Structural Failure Probabilities and Candidate Inservice Inspection Programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khaleel, Mohammad A.; Simonen, Fredric A.

    2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The work described in this report applies probabilistic structural mechanics models to predict the reliability of nuclear pressure boundary components. These same models are then applied to evaluate the effectiveness of alternative programs for inservice inspection to reduce these failure probabilities. Results of the calculations support the development and implementation of risk-informed inservice inspection of piping and vessels. Studies have specifically addressed the potential benefits of ultrasonic inspections to reduce failure probabilities associated with fatigue crack growth and stress-corrosion cracking. Parametric calculations were performed with the computer code pc-PRAISE to generate an extensive set of plots to cover a wide range of pipe wall thicknesses, cyclic operating stresses, and inspection strategies. The studies have also addressed critical inputs to fracture mechanics calculations such as the parameters that characterize the number and sizes of fabrication flaws in piping welds. Other calculations quantify uncertainties associated with the inputs calculations, the uncertainties in the fracture mechanics models, and the uncertainties in the resulting calculated failure probabilities. A final set of calculations address the effects of flaw sizing errors on the effectiveness of inservice inspection programs.

  6. Identifying the Failure-Tolerant Workspace Boundaries of a Kinematically Redundant Manipulator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maciejewski, Anthony A.

    }@colostate.edu) tolerance of a manipulator operating in an m-dimensional workspace, m + 2 joints are required if the joint tolerant to locked-joint failures than non- redundant manipulators. However, a joint failure can still task completion is guaranteed in the event of a locked-joint failure. The existence of such a region

  7. Failure-Tolerant Path Planning for the PA-10 Robot Operating Amongst Obstacles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maciejewski, Anthony A.

    Failure-Tolerant Path Planning for the PA-10 Robot Operating Amongst Obstacles Rodrigo S. Jamisola/or orientation in the workspace despite any single locked-joint failure at any time. An algorithm is presented relative to its task, only a single locked-joint failure occurs at any given time, the robot is capable

  8. Efficient Failure Detection for Mobile Robots Using Mixed-Abstraction Particle Filters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stachniss, Cyrill

    Efficient Failure Detection for Mobile Robots Using Mixed-Abstraction Particle Filters Christian the problem of online failure detection and isolation for mobile robots. The goal is to enable a mobile robot failures of mobile robots. It uses a hierarchy of process models to actively validate the model assumptions

  9. FailureTolerant Robots for Industrial Applications \\Lambda K. N. Groom, A. A. Maciejewski, V. Balakrishnan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balakrishnan, Venkataramanan "Ragu"

    Failure­Tolerant Robots for Industrial Applications \\Lambda K. N. Groom, A. A. Maciejewski, V robots vary, depending on the application environment and the quality of maintenance. However, a mean March 1997 Abstract Industrial robot failures occur frequently. The consequences of these failures

  10. Condition Data Aggregation with Application to Failure Rate Calculation of Power Transformers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Condition Data Aggregation with Application to Failure Rate Calculation of Power Transformers for condition monitoring and failure rate prediction of power transformers. Specif- ically, the system uses to the substation, to develop Hidden Markov Models (HMMs) which transform the condition data into failure

  11. Results -Sunny Day Failure Case -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowles, David S.

    Time(hr) %ofPar %Warned %Mobilized %Loss of Life %Warned %Mobilized %Loss of Life Dam failure time Solid Decisiontonotify Detection Failure Notification TimelineforDam Par A1elevation range Decisiontowarn Dam Emergency dam failure or natural floods for use in dam safety risk assessment and emergency planning. Sponsors

  12. Signature of Rhine Valley sturzstrom dam failures in Holocene sediments of Lake Constance, Germany

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    Signature of Rhine Valley sturzstrom dam failures in Holocene sediments of Lake Constance, Germany that the hyperpycnite deposits are directly related to the failure of two sturzstrom dams and the draining of the dammed and Schuster, 1988). Landslide-dammed lake failures constitute a major hazard to downstream areas (Eis- bacher

  13. Dynamic model failure tests of dam structures Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spencer Jr., B.F.

    Dynamic model failure tests of dam structures Gao Lin Dalian University of Technology, Dalian failure tests of a number of concrete gravity dams, concrete arch dams and embankment dams have been index for the safety assessment of concrete dams and is predicted through dynamic model failure tests

  14. The geomorphic influences of beaver dams and failures of beaver dams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The geomorphic influences of beaver dams and failures of beaver dams David R. Butlera,T, George P millions to low billions of cubic meters range. Failure of beaver dams is a more common phenomenon than often assumed in the literature. During the past 20 years, numerous cases of dam failure have been

  15. Late Pleistocene earthquake-triggered moraine dam failure and outburst of Lake Zurich, Switzerland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    Late Pleistocene earthquake-triggered moraine dam failure and outburst of Lake Zurich, Switzerland of $20,600 m3 sÀ1 . We also discuss long-term causes and short-term trigger mechanisms of the dam failure of Lake Zurich was initiated as a consequence of the moraine dam failure that either was triggered

  16. University of Virginia School of Medicine Emergency Conditions and Systems Failures FACULTY/STAFF REFERENCE GUIDE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acton, Scott

    instructions from institutional leaders/police. Report on the incident to responders. Computer or network integrity such as lost data. Electrical power failure (no emergency power) Total failure of all electrical. Electrical power failure (emergency generators work) Many lights out. Only red electrical outlets function

  17. Edinburgh Research Explorer Global association of air pollution and heart failure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edinburgh, University of

    Edinburgh Research Explorer Global association of air pollution and heart failure Citation & Mills, NL 2013, 'Global association of air pollution and heart failure: a systematic review and meta-6736(13)60898-3 1 Global association of air pollution and heart failure: a systematic review and meta-analysis Anoop

  18. Critical points and transitions in an electric power transmission model for cascading failure blackouts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dobson, Ian

    Critical points and transitions in an electric power transmission model for cascading failure September 2002 Cascading failures in large-scale electric power transmission systems are an important cause, we examine cascading failure in a simplified transmission system model as load power demand

  19. Decreased T-Cell Responses to Influenza Vaccination in Patients with Heart Failure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    Decreased T-Cell Responses to Influenza Vaccination in Patients with Heart Failure Orly Vardeny vaccination in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) are less vigorous than the responses of healthy strategies for influenza vaccination. Key Words: chronic heart failure, CHF, influenza vaccination, immune

  20. FAILURE DETECTION ROUTINE FOR GRID CONNECTED PV SYSTEMS AS PART OF THE PVSAT-2 PROJECT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinemann, Detlev

    Dept. Of Electrical Engineering, University of Applied Science (FH) Magdeburg-Stendal. D-39114 failures, e.g. shading, string or module failure, part time outages, snow cover, soiling and wrong inverter, the maintenance effort of PV systems is reduced und system outage time is minimised. The Failure Detection Routine

  1. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. Author manuscript Exercise training, energy metabolism, and heart failure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , and heart failure Ventura-Clapier Ren eé * Signalisation et physiopathologie cardiaque INSERM : U769, IFR141 in many pathophysiological processes among which heart failure. Because endurance training improves recognized as a beneficial practice for heart failure patients. The mechanisms involved in the beneficial

  2. Soluble Epoxide Hydrolase Inhibitors and Heart Failure Jun-Yan Liu,3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammock, Bruce D.

    REVIEW Soluble Epoxide Hydrolase Inhibitors and Heart Failure Hong Qiu,1 Ning Li,1 Jun-Yan Liu,3; Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs); Heart failure; Soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibitors. Correspondence Nipavan of death in the West- ern societies. Heart failure (HF) is due primarily to progressive myocardial dys

  3. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS Stochastic Analysis of Cascading-Failure Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayat, Majeed M.

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS Stochastic Analysis of Cascading-Failure Dynamics in Power Grids of the system. Cas- cading failures in power grids can be described as successive changes of power-grid states system state during cascading failures may not be feasible. This is mainly due the large space of power

  4. Wind Turbine Bearing Failure Detection Using Generator Stator Current Homopolar Component

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Wind Turbine Bearing Failure Detection Using Generator Stator Current Homopolar Component Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition (EEMD) as a tool for failure detection in wind turbine generators for stationary and non stationary cases. Index Terms-Wind turbine, induction generator, bearing failure, ensemble

  5. Congestive heart failure: treat the disease, not the symptom: return to normalcy/Part II--the experimental approach.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buckberg, Gerald D

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Title: Congestive heart failure: treat the disease not theTITLE: Congestive heart failure: treat the disease not theGD. Congestive heart failure: treat the disease, not the

  6. To: Microsoft's Premier Preferred Provider Law Firms From: Brad Smith

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Phil

    and the details concerning the Law Firm Diversity Program for Microsoft's Premier Preferred Provider (PPP) law that each PPP firm is eligible for a two percent quarterly or annual bonus based on whether it achieves of the PPP elections. First, we are pleased and honored to announce that all PPP firms have elected

  7. The Cultural Power of Law? Conjunctive Readings Bill Maurer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brody, James P.

    The Cultural Power of Law? Conjunctive Readings Bill Maurer Sally Merry's (1999) Colonizing Hawai'i: The Cultural Power of Law provides a compelling account of the cultural transformation of the Kingdom of Hawaii: Adulterers had the ``choice'' to work off their sentences by building roads for the chiefs. And people deemed

  8. Two samples test for discrete power-law distributions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bessi, Alessandro

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Power-law distributions occur in wide variety of physical, biological, and social phenomena. In this paper, we propose a statistical hypothesis test based on the log-likelihood ratio to assess whether two samples of discrete data are drawn from the same power-law distribution.

  9. Weber's Law and Weberized TV Restoration Jianhong Shen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soatto, Stefano

    Weber's Law and Weberized TV Restoration Jianhong Shen School of Mathematics University the influence of human vi­ sion psychology. Weber's Law in psychology and psychophysics claims that hu­ man [Physica D, 60:259­268, 1992]. We study the issues of existence and uniqueness for the pro­ posed Weberized

  10. The Composition and Validation of Heterogeneous Control Laws Benjamin Kuipersy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuipers, Benjamin

    Introduction Much control theory is based on linear models. This works very well for steady state regulation cation." Again, design and validation of these control laws is based primarily on experienceThe Composition and Validation of Heterogeneous Control Laws Benjamin Kuipersy University of Texas

  11. Law, Logic and Language in Legal Computer Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Eugenia

    Law, Logic and Language in Legal Computer Science Michael Heather School of Law University of Northumbria at Newcastle, NE1 8ST, UK B.Nick Rossiter Computing Science Newcastle University, NE1 7RU B.N.Rossiter@ncl.ac.uk November 1995 Abstract Legal computer science requires a theoretical basis which can be realized

  12. W&L Law Program Facts: # of Clinics: 6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marsh, David

    W&L Law Program Facts: # of Clinics: 6 # of Students Participating in Clinics: 61 # of Students Endowment Opportunities Clinic Endowment $1,500,000 The Third Year Program requires every student to have their work in the clinics. The Law School currently has six clinics: Black Lung, Tax, Community Legal

  13. UNIVERSITY OF STRATHCLYDE LAW CLINIC Where we began

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mottram, Nigel

    UNIVERSITY OF STRATHCLYDE LAW CLINIC #12;Where we began Launched in October 2003 by Professor Donald Nicolson. The first university Law Clinic in Scotland. Provides free legal assistance to people Prisons Project Initial Advice Clinics Consumer Project Innocence Project Schools Project #12;Peer

  14. Law, Technology and Development Opportunities and Challenges in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strathclyde, University of

    Strathclyde Law School "The Politics of Biotechnology Regulation ­ Perceptions of morality, trade, and EU-China and Politics in RiskRegulation of GMOs: A Comparison between the EU and China" 2:45 ­ 3:15 Coffee Break 3Law, Technology and Development Opportunities and Challenges in EU-China Relations 11 November 2014

  15. Remote Stabilization via Communication Networks with a Distributed Control Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Remote Stabilization via Communication Networks with a Distributed Control Law Emmanuel Witrant the problem of remote stabilization via communication networks involving some time- varying delays of known average dynamics. This problem arises when the control law is remotely implemented and leads

  16. Entanglement theory and the second law of thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    ARTICLES Entanglement theory and the second law of thermodynamics FERNANDO G. S. L. BRAND~AO1 aim to draw from them formal analogies to the second law of thermodynamics; however, whereas relationship with thermodynamics may be established when considering all non-entangling transformations

  17. Conservation laws in gravitational theories with general nonminimal coupling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuri N. Obukhov; Dirk Puetzfeld

    2013-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We use the Lagrange-Noether methods to derive the conservation laws for models in which matter interacts nonminimally with the gravitational field. The nonminimal coupling function can depend arbitrarily on the gravitational field strength. The obtained result generalizes earlier findings. The generalized conservation laws provide the basis for the derivation of the equations of motion for the nonminimally coupled test bodies.

  18. Relic gravitational waves and the generalized second law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    German Izquierdo; Diego Pavon

    2005-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The generalized second law of gravitational thermodynamics is applied to the present era of accelerated expansion of the Universe. In spite of the fact that the entropy of matter and relic gravitational waves inside the event horizon diminish, the mentioned law is fulfilled provided that the expression for the entropy density of the gravitational waves satisfies a certain condition.

  19. Modulated power-law behaviour in Stirling's approximation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatton, Les

    Modulated power-law behaviour in Stirling's approximation Les Hatton CISM, University of Kingston. This argument used Stirling's approximation which limits its relevance to larger component sizes. Although power to broaden Stirling's approximation to see if it corresponds with the departures from power-law observed

  20. California Environmental Law and Policy Issues (Spring 2007)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Law 273.71 California Environmental Law and Policy Issues (Spring 2007) Units: 2 CCN (2Ls/3Ls and policy issues. Guest speakers include academics, practicing environmental attorneys, and non. For approximately 25 years, he specialized in environmental and land use litigation, representing the State

  1. Causal Inference and Prediction in Health Studies: Environmental Exposures and Schistosomiasis, HIV-1 Genotypic Susceptibility Scores and Virologic Suppression, and Risk of Hospital Readmission for Heart Failure Patients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sudat, Sylvia

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    hospitalization for congestive heart failure among Medicarepredictors of readmission for heart failure: a systematicof hospital readmission for heart failure: development of a

  2. Coupled reservoir-geomechanical analysis of the potential for tensile and shear failure associated with CO2 injection in multilayered reservoir-caprock systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutqvist, J.; Birkholzer, J.T.; Tsang, C.-F.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    geological system. This failure analysis aimed to studyshear and tensile failure analysis is essential for thestress field, and (2) a failure analysis using the stress

  3. A Kinematic Conservation Law in Free Surface Flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sergey Gavrilyuk; Henrik Kalisch; Zahra Khorsand

    2014-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The Green-Naghdi system is used to model highly nonlinear weakly dispersive waves propagating at the surface of a shallow layer of a perfect fluid. The system has three associated conservation laws which describe the conservation of mass, momentum, and energy due to the surface wave motion. In addition, the system features a fourth conservation law which is the main focus of this note. It is shown how this fourth conservation law can be interpreted in terms of a concrete kinematic quantity connected to the evolution of the tangent velocity at the free surface. The equation for the tangent velocity is first derived for the full Euler equations in both two and three dimensional flows, and in both cases, it gives rise to an approximate balance law in the Green-Naghdi theory which turns out to be identical to the fourth conservation law for this system.

  4. Power-law connections: From Zipf to Heaps and beyond

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eliazar, Iddo I., E-mail: eliazar@post.tau.ac.il [Holon Institute of Technology, P.O. Box 305, Holon 58102 (Israel); Cohen, Morrel H., E-mail: mcohen@physics.rutgers.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854-8019 (United States); Department of Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States)

    2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we explore the asymptotic statistics of a general model of rank distributions in the large-ensemble limit; the construction of the general model is motivated by recent empirical studies of rank distributions. Applying Lorenzian, oligarchic, and Heapsian asymptotic analyses we establish a comprehensive set of closed-form results linking together rank distributions, probability distributions, oligarchy sizes, and innovation rates. In particular, the general results reveal the fundamental underlying connections between Zipf’s law, Pareto’s law, and Heaps’ law—three elemental empirical power-laws that are ubiquitously observed in the sciences. -- Highlights: ? The large-ensemble asymptotic statistics of rank distributions are explored. ? Lorenzian, oligarchic, and Heapsian asymptotic analyses are applied. ? Associated oligarchy sizes and induced innovation rates are analyzed. ? General elemental statistical connections are established. ? The underlying connections between Zipf’s, Pareto’s and Heaps’ laws are unveiled.

  5. The Radiometric Bode's Law and Extrasolar Planets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph Lazio; W. M. Farrell; Jill Dietrick; Elizabeth Greenlees; Emily Hogan; Christopher Jones; L. A. Hennig

    2004-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We predict the radio flux densities of the extrasolar planets in the current census, making use of an empirical relation--the radiometric Bode's Law--determined from the five ``magnetic'' planets in the solar system (Earth and the four gas giants). Radio emission from these planets results from solar-wind powered electron currents depositing energy in the magnetic polar regions. We find that most of the known extrasolar planets should emit in the frequency range 10--1000 MHz and, under favorable circumstances, have typical flux densities as large as 1 mJy. We also describe an initial, systematic effort to search for radio emission in low radio frequency images acquired with the Very Large Array. The limits set by the VLA images (~ 300 mJy) are consistent with, but do not provide strong constraints on, the predictions of the model. Future radio telescopes, such as the Low Frequency Array (LOFAR) and the Square Kilometer Array (SKA), should be able to detect the known extrasolar planets or place austere limits on their radio emission. Planets with masses much lower than those in the current census will probably radiate below 10 MHz and will require a space-based array.

  6. Determining the extragalactic extinction law with SALT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ido Finkelman; Noah Brosch; Alexei Y. Kniazev; David Buckley; Darragh O'Donoghue; Yas Hashimoto; Nicola Loaring; Encarni Romero; Martin Still; Petri Vaisanen

    2008-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We present CCD imaging observations of early-type galaxies with dark lanes obtained with the Southern African Large Telescope (SALT) during its performance-verification phase. We derive the extinction law by the extragalactic dust in the dark lanes in the spectral range 1.11mu m^{-1} < lambda^{-1} < 2.94 mu m^{-1} by fitting model galaxies to the unextinguished parts of the image, and subtracting from these the actual images. We find that the extinction curves run parallel to the Galactic extinction curve, which implies that the properties of dust in the extragalactic enviroment are similar to those of the Milky Way. The ratio of the total V band extinction to the selective extinction between the V and B bands is derived for each galaxy with an average of 2.82+-0.38, compared to a canonical value of 3.1 for the Milky Way. The similar values imply that galaxies with well-defined dark lanes have characteristic dust grain sizes similar to those of Galactic dust.

  7. From Key Numbers to Keywords: How Automation Has Transformed the Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanson, F. Allan

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 563 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 564 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 565 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 566 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 567 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 568 2002 Hein...Online -- 94 Law Libr. J. 569 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 570 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 571 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 572 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 573 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 574 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J...

  8. OGEL (Oil, Gas & Energy Law Intelligence): Focussing on recent developments in the area of oil-gas-energy law,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dixon, Juan

    About OGEL OGEL (Oil, Gas & Energy Law Intelligence): Focussing on recent developments in the area of oil-gas-energy law, regulation, treaties, judicial and arbitral cases, voluntary guidelines, tax and contracting, including the oil-gas- energy geopolitics. For full Terms & Conditions and subscription rates

  9. M. Bahrami ENSC 388 (F09) 2nd Law of Thermodynamics 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    M. Bahrami ENSC 388 (F09) 2nd Law of Thermodynamics 1 The Second Law of Thermodynamics The second law of thermodynamics asserts that processes occur it satisfies both the first and the second laws of thermodynamics. The second law also asserts that energy

  10. LEXSEE 16 BERKELEY TECH L J 1 Copyright (c) 2001 Berkeley Technology Law Journal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Page 1 LEXSEE 16 BERKELEY TECH L J 1 Copyright (c) 2001 Berkeley Technology Law Journal Berkeley Technology Law Journal 2001 16 Berkeley Tech. L.J. 1 LENGTH: 3937 words ANNUAL REVIEW OF LAW AND TECHNOLOGY Law Journal; J.D. candidate, 2001, Boalt Hall School of Law, University of California, Berkeley; Ph

  11. Effect of component failures on economics of distributed photovoltaic systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lubin, B

    2012-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes an applied research program to assess the realistic costs of grid connected photovoltaic (PV) installations. A Board of Advisors was assembled that included management from the regional electric power utilities, as well as other participants from companies that work in the electric power industry. Although the program started with the intention of addressing effective load carrying capacity (ELCC) for utility-owned photovoltaic installations, results from the literature study and recommendations from the Board of Advisors led investigators to the conclusion that obtaining effective data for this analysis would be difficult, if not impossible. The effort was then re-focused on assessing the realistic costs and economic valuations of grid-connected PV installations. The 17 kW PV installation on the University of Hartford's Lincoln Theater was used as one source of actual data. The change in objective required a more technically oriented group. The re-organized working group (changes made due to the need for more technically oriented participants) made site visits to medium-sized PV installations in Connecticut with the objective of developing sources of operating histories. An extensive literature review helped to focus efforts in several technical and economic subjects. The objective of determining the consequences of component failures on both generation and economic returns required three analyses. The first was a Monte-Carlo-based simulation model for failure occurrences and the resulting downtime. Published failure data, though limited, was used to verify the results. A second model was developed to predict the reduction in or loss of electrical generation related to the downtime due to these failures. Finally, a comprehensive economic analysis, including these failures, was developed to determine realistic net present values of installed PV arrays. Two types of societal benefits were explored, with quantitative valuations developed for both. Some societal benefits associated with financial benefits to the utility of having a distributed generation capacity that is not fossil-fuel based have been included into the economic models. Also included and quantified in the models are several benefits to society more generally: job creation and some estimates of benefits from avoiding greenhouse emissions. PV system failures result in a lowering of the economic values of a grid-connected system, but this turned out to be a surprisingly small effect on the overall economics. The most significant benefit noted resulted from including the societal benefits accrued to the utility. This provided a marked increase in the valuations of the array and made the overall value proposition a financially attractive one, in that net present values exceeded installation costs. These results indicate that the Department of Energy and state regulatory bodies should consider focusing on societal benefits that create economic value for the utility, confirm these quantitative values, and work to have them accepted by the utilities and reflected in the rate structures for power obtained from grid-connected arrays. Understanding and applying the economic benefits evident in this work can significantly improve the business case for grid-connected PV installations. This work also indicates that the societal benefits to the population are real and defensible, but not nearly as easy to justify in a business case as are the benefits that accrue directly to the utility.

  12. Polymer Filler Aging and Failure Studied by Lateral Force Microscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ratto, T; Saab, A P

    2009-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

    In the present work, we study, via force microscopy, the basic physical interactions of a single bead of silica filler with a PDMS matrix both before and after exposure to gamma radiation. Our goal was to confirm our results from last year, and to explore force microscopy as a means of obtaining particle-scale polymer/filler interactions suitable for use as empirical inputs to a computational model consisting of an ensemble of silica beads embedded in a PDMS matrix. Through careful calibration of a conventional atomic force microscope, we obtained both normal and lateral force data that was fitted to yield adhesion, surface shear modulus, and friction of a 1 {micro}m silica bead in contact with PDMS layers of various thickness. Comparison of these terms before and after gamma exposure indicated that initially, radiation exposure lead to softening of the PDMS, but eventually resulted in stiffening. Simultaneously, adhesion between the polymer and silica decreased. This could indicate a serious failure path for filled PDMS exposed to radiation, whereby stiffening of the bulk polymer leads to loss of compressive elastic behavior, while a decrease in polymer filler adhesion results in an increased likelihood of stress failure under load. In addition to further testing of radiation damaged polymers, we also performed FEA modeling of silica beads in a silicone matrix using the shear modulus and adhesion values isolated from the force microscopy experiments as model inputs. The resulting simulation indicated that as a polymer stiffens due to impinging radiation, it also undergoes weakening of adhesion to the filler. The implication is that radiation induces a compound failure mode in filled polymer systems.

  13. Validity and failure of some entropy inequalities for CAR systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hajime Moriya

    2005-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Basic properties of von Neumann entropy such as the triangle inequality and what we call MONO-SSA are studied for CAR systems. We show that both inequalities hold for any even state. We construct a certain class of noneven states giving counter examples of those inequalities. It is not always possible to extend a set of prepared states on disjoint regions to some joint state on the whole region for CAR systems. However, for every even state, we have its `symmetric purification' by which the validity of those inequalities is shown. Some (realized) noneven states have peculiar state correlations among subsystems and induce the failure of those inequalities.

  14. Acute Liver Failure After a Late TIPSS Revision

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Radeleff, Boris, E-mail: Boris_radeleff@med.uni-heidelberg.de; Sommer, Christof-Matthias; Schawo, Simone; Lopez-Benitez, Ruben [University of Heidelberg, Department of Diagnostic Radiology (Germany); Sauer, Peter [University of Heidelberg, Departments of Internal Medicine IV, Gastroenterology, Hepatology, Infectious Diseases, Intoxications (Germany); Schemmer, Peter [University of Heidelberg, Department of Surgery (Germany); Kauffmann, Guenter W.; Richter, Goetz M. [University of Heidelberg, Department of Diagnostic Radiology (Germany)

    2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We report a rare case of late transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent shunt (TIPSS) occlusion due to progressive stent protrusion into the periportal liver parenchyma, which was a result of delayed liver shrinkage 2 years after TIPSS. The initial TIPSS procedure had been carried out in a 52-year-old man as a bridge for liver transplantation because of post-alcoholic liver cirrhosis. We describe the applied TIPSS recanalization and revision technique. Immediately after TIPSS revision acute liver failure developed, which required emergency liver transplantation.

  15. Election in complete asynchronous networks with intermittent link failures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lokre, Jahnavi V.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Initially, no node knows the identifier of any other node. Each node u knows the number of nodes n in the distributed system, the maximum number f of faulty links incident on u, and that the network is complete. A distributed algorithm on a network is a.... The algorithm uses O(n + nf ) messages. We assume that there are at most f faulty links incident on each node, where f & [ "s J. Let I be a link between nodes u and v. By the definition of link failure, link I is considered faulty if I loses at least one...

  16. Weld monitor and failure detector for nuclear reactor system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sutton, Jr., Harry G. (Mt. Lebanon, PA)

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Critical but inaccessible welds in a nuclear reactor system are monitored throughout the life of the reactor by providing small aperture means projecting completely through the reactor vessel wall and also through the weld or welds to be monitored. The aperture means is normally sealed from the atmosphere within the reactor. Any incipient failure or cracking of the weld will cause the environment contained within the reactor to pass into the aperture means and thence to the outer surface of the reactor vessel where its presence is readily detected.

  17. Failure of microcausality in quantum field theory on noncommutative spacetime

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greenberg, O.W. [High Energy Physics Division, Department of Physical Sciences, University of Helsinki, FIN-00014, Helsinki (Finland)

    2006-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The commutator of ratio {phi}(x)*{phi}(x) ratio with {partial_derivative}{sub {mu}}{sup y} ratio {phi}(y)*{phi}(y) ratio fails to vanish at equal times and thus also fails to obey microcausality at spacelike separation even for the case in which {theta}{sup 0i}=0. The failure to obey microcausality for these sample observables implies that this form of noncommutative field theory fails to obey microcausality in general. This result holds generally when there are time derivatives in the observables. We discuss possible responses to this problem.

  18. Component failures at pressurized water reactors. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reisinger, M.F.

    1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Objectives of this study were to identify those systems having major impact on safety and availability (i.e. to identify those systems and components whose failures have historically caused the greatest number of challenges to the reactor protective systems and which have resulted in greatest loss of electric generation time). These problems were identified for engineering solutions and recommendations made for areas and programs where research and development should be concentrated. The program was conducted in three major phases: Data Analysis, Engineering Evaluation, Cost Benefit Analysis.

  19. Sandia Energy - Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) Tutorial

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Scienceand RequirementsCoatingsUltra-High-Voltage SiliconEnergyFailure Mode and Effect Analysis

  20. School of Law Catalog 2008-2009 Vol. 2009, No. 2, June 30, 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    School of Law Catalog 2008-2009 Vol. 2009, No. 2, June 30, 2008 Periodical postage paid at Lawrence ........................................................ 3 The University of Kansas Administration .................................. 3 School of Law Administration ...................................................... 3 The School of Law and Its Programs

  1. Power Law Discounting for N-Gram Language Models 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Songfang; Renals, Steve

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an approximation to the Bayesian hierarchical Pitman-Yor process language model which maintains the power law distribution over word tokens, while not requiring a computationally expensive approximate inference process. This approximation...

  2. OBTAINING LAWS OF THERMODYNAMICS FOR IDEAL GASES USING ELASTIC COLLISIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montgomery-Smith, Stephen

    momenta. In [3], this work was used to simulate the Carnot cycle. This paper gives a slightly different Newtonian. For example, the motion is reversible, thus demonstrating that the second law of thermodynamics

  3. LETTER TO A LAW STUDENT INTERESTED IN SOCIAL JUSTICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Pei

    LETTER TO A LAW STUDENT INTERESTED IN SOCIAL JUSTICE WILLIAM P. QUIGLEY* Dear Bridgette: I am. For further reading on this topic, see William P. Quigley, Revolution- ary Lawyering: Addressing the Root

  4. www.postersession.com Conformal Conservation Laws and Geometric Integration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, Brian

    Equations · Schrdinger Equations · Shallow-Water Equations Many conservation laws are derived directly from in conformal multi-symplectic form Residual in local conformal probability Residual in total conformal

  5. Numerical modelling of hyperbolic conservation laws using bicharacteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanke-Bourgeois, Martin

    volume methods -1- #12;Overview I. Hyperbolic Conservation Laws Theory of bicharacteristics and evolution, bicharacteritsics stability, accuracy, error analysis III. Numerical Experiments: Wave equation system, Euler eqs finite volume methods -2- #12;· airflow · hydraulic schock · meteorological flow Source: efluid

  6. mer School of Law faculty member Sumner M.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldberg, Bennett

    that will kick-start the construction of an addition to LAW's main tower on the Charles River Campus. "On behalf assistant at the time, went on to become general counsel of National Amusements, the theatrical exhibition

  7. Random Walks with Lookahead in Power Law Random Graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mihail, Milena

    1 Random Walks with Lookahead in Power Law Random Graphs Milena Mihail Amin Saberi Prasad Tetali Georgia Institute of Technology Email: mihail, saberi¡ @cc.gatech.edu tetali@math.cc.gatech.edu Abstract

  8. Area Law for Gapless States from Local Entanglement Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swingle, Brian

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We demonstrate an area law bound on the ground state entanglement entropy of a wide class of gapless quantum states of matter using a strategy called local entanglement thermodynamics. The bound depends only on thermodynamic data, actually a single exponent, the hyper-scaling violation exponent $\\theta$. All systems in $d$ spatial dimensions obeying our scaling assumptions and with $\\theta < d-1$ obey the area law, while systems with $\\theta = d-1$ can violate the area law at most logarithmically. We also discuss the case of frustration-free Hamiltonians and show that to violate the area law more than logarithmically these systems must have an unusually large number of low energy states. Finally, we make contact with the recently proposed $s$-source framework and argue that $\\theta$ and $s$ are related by $s=2^\\theta$.

  9. Dynamic intrahousehold bargaining, matrimonial property law and suicide in Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adam, Christopher; Hoddinott, John; Ligon, Ethan A.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PROPERTY LAW AND SUICIDE IN CANADA Gar?nkel, B. and H.Economy 82, 83–98. Health and Welfare Canada (1989).Suicide in canada. Technical report, National Task Force on

  10. Presumption of Noninfringement: Amending the Law on Educational Fair Use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gurman, Diane

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Law Review, 74, 617-655. Sony v. Universal City Studios, 464Court, in the case of Sony v. Universal City Studios,rigid bright-line approach” (Sony v. Universal City Studios,

  11. "Law As . . .": Theory and Practice in Legal History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrett, Jeffrey A.

    arguments Orren would elaborate in her book Belated Feudalism.2 The metaphysics in Orren's title were those & Andrew J. King eds., 1992). 2. KAREN ORREN, BELATED FEUDALISM: LABOR, THE LAW, AND LIBERAL DEVELOPMENT

  12. VISCOSITY AND RELAXATION APPROXIMATIONS FOR HYPERBOLIC SYSTEMS OF CONSERVATION LAWS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tzavaras, Athanasios E.

    VISCOSITY AND RELAXATION APPROXIMATIONS FOR HYPERBOLIC SYSTEMS deal with the approximation of conservation * *laws via viscosity or relaxation. The following topics are covered: The general structure of viscosity and relaxation approximations is discu

  13. Preliminary Investigation of Sulfur Loading in Hanford LAW Glass

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vienna, John D.; Hrma, Pavel R.; Buchmiller, William C.; Ricklefs, Joel S.

    2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A preliminary estimate was developed for loading limits for high-sulfur low-activity waste (LAW) feeds that will be vitrified into borosilicate glass at the Hanford Site in the waste-cleanup effort. Previous studies reported in the literature were consulted to provide a basis for the estimate. The examination of previous studies led to questions about sulfur loading in Hanford LAW glass, and scoping tests were performed to help answer these questions. These results of these tests indicated that a formulation approach developed by Vienna and colleagues shows promise for maximizing LAW loading in glass. However, there is a clear need for follow-on work. The potential for significantly lowering the amount of LAW glass produced at Hanford (after the initial phase of processing) because of higher sulfur tolerances may outweigh the cost and effort required to perform the necessary testing.

  14. First law energy balance as a data screening tool 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shao, Xiaojie

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis defines the Energy Balance Load ( BL E ) as the difference between the heating requirements plus the electric gains in the building and the cooling coil loads. It then applies a first law energy balance in ...

  15. Welcoming the Outsider: Local Construction of the Law towards Immigrants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Linda M.

    2013-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation examines the local construction of law on the street regarding immigrants. Local agencies play a key role in immigration enforcement and in providing services to immigrants. They are increasingly the face ...

  16. Centre for Environmental Law -Macquarie Sustainability Macquarie University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yan

    : · As an institution we function as a sustainable community, embodying responsible consumption of energy, water, foodCentre for Environmental Law - Macquarie Sustainability Macquarie University Self-Guided Sustainability Tour #12;Acknowledgements Self-Guided Sustainability Tour Macquarie University Centre

  17. Petroleum Products and Alternative Fuels Tax Law (Tennessee)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Petroleum Products and Alternative Fuels Tax Law is relevant to all natural gas and/or biofuel projects. Compressed Natural Gas CNG, petroleum product and/or alternative dealers must apply for...

  18. Solar and Wind Easements and Local Option Rights Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Minnesota law provides for the creation of solar and wind easements for solar and wind-energy systems. As in many other states, these easements are voluntary contracts. However, unlike similar...

  19. Solar Easements and Local Option Solar Rights Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    New York's real property laws allow for the creation of solar easements. Like those in many other states, these are voluntary contracts which must be entered into in order to ensure uninterrupted...

  20. Hanford Low Activity Waste (LAW) Fluidized Bed Steam Reformer...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Low Activity Waste (LAW) Fluidized Bed Steam Reformer (FBSR) Na-Al-Si (NAS) Waste Form Qualification C.M. Jantzen and E.M. Pierce November 18, 2010 2 Participating Organizations 3...

  1. Louisiana Solid Waste Management and Resource Recovery Law (Louisiana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality manages solid waste for the state of Louisiana under the authority of the Solid Waste Management and Resource Recover Law. The Department makes...

  2. Photomultiplier tube failure under hydrostatic pressure in future neutrino detectors

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Chambliss, K.; Diwan, M.; Simos, N.; Sundaram, S. K.

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Failure of photomultiplier tubes (PMTs) under hydrostatic pressure is a concern in neutrino detection, specifically, in the proposed Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiment project. Controlled hydrostatic implosion tests were performed on prototypic PMT bulbs of 10-inch diameter and recorded using high speed filming techniques to capture failures in detail. These high-speed videos were analyzed frame-by-frame in order to identify the origin of a crack, measure the progression of individual crack along the surface of the bulb as it propagates through the glass, and estimate crack velocity. Crack velocity was calculated for each individual crack, and an average velocity was determined for allmore »measurable cracks on each bulb. Overall, 32 cracks were measured in 9 different bulbs tested. Finite element modeling (FEM) of crack formation and growth in prototypic PMT shows stress concentration near the middle section of the PMT bulbs that correlates well with our crack velocity measurements in that section. The FEM model predicts a crack velocity value that is close to the terminal crack velocity reported. Our measurements also reveal significantly reduced crack velocities compared to terminal crack velocities measured in glasses using fracture mechanics testing and reported in literature.« less

  3. Photomultiplier tube failure under hydrostatic pressure in future neutrino detectors

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Chambliss, K. [Alfred Univ., Alfred, NY (United States). Multifunctional Materials Lab, Kazuo Inamori School of Engineering; Diwan, M. [Alfred Univ., Alfred, NY (United States). Multifunctional Materials Lab, Kazuo Inamori School of Engineering; Simos, N. [Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Sundaram, S. K. [Alfred Univ., Alfred, NY (United States). Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Failure of photomultiplier tubes (PMTs) under hydrostatic pressure is a concern in neutrino detection, specifically, in the proposed Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiment project. Controlled hydrostatic implosion tests were performed on prototypic PMT bulbs of 10-inch diameter and recorded using high speed filming techniques to capture failures in detail. These high-speed videos were analyzed frame-by-frame in order to identify the origin of a crack, measure the progression of individual crack along the surface of the bulb as it propagates through the glass, and estimate crack velocity. Crack velocity was calculated for each individual crack, and an average velocity was determined for all measurable cracks on each bulb. Overall, 32 cracks were measured in 9 different bulbs tested. Finite element modeling (FEM) of crack formation and growth in prototypic PMT shows stress concentration near the middle section of the PMT bulbs that correlates well with our crack velocity measurements in that section. The FEM model predicts a crack velocity value that is close to the terminal crack velocity reported. Our measurements also reveal significantly reduced crack velocities compared to terminal crack velocities measured in glasses using fracture mechanics testing and reported in literature.

  4. RECONFIGURING POWER SYSTEMS TO MINIMIZE CASCADING FAILURES: MODELS AND ALGORITHMS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bienstock, Daniel

    2014-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

    the main goal of this project was to develop new scientific tools, based on optimization techniques, with the purpose of controlling and modeling cascading failures of electrical power transmission systems. We have developed a high-quality tool for simulating cascading failures. The problem of how to control a cascade was addressed, with the aim of stopping the cascade with a minimum of load lost. Yet another aspect of cascade is the investigation of which events would trigger a cascade, or more appropriately the computation of the most harmful initiating event given some constraint on the severity of the event. One common feature of the cascade models described (indeed, of several of the cascade models found in the literature) is that we study thermally-induced line tripping. We have produced a study that accounts for exogenous randomness (e.g. wind and ambient temperature) that could affect the thermal behavior of a line, with a focus on controlling the power flow of the line while maintaining safe probability of line overload. This was done by means of a rigorous analysis of a stochastic version of the heat equation. we incorporated a model of randomness in the behavior of wind power output; again modeling an OPF-like problem that uses chance-constraints to maintain low probability of line overloads; this work has been continued so as to account for generator dynamics as well.

  5. Test-to-Failure of Crystalline Silicon Modules: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hacke, P.; Terwilliger, K.; Glick, S.; Trudell, D.; Bosco, N.; Johnston, S.; Kurtz, S. R.

    2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Accelerated lifetime testing of five crystalline silicon module designs was carried out according to the Terrestrial Photovoltaic Module Accelerated Test-to-Failure Protocol. This protocol compares the reliability of various module constructions on a quantitative basis. The modules under test are subdivided into three accelerated lifetime testing paths: 85..deg..C/85% relative humidity with system bias, thermal cycling between ?40..deg..C and 85..deg..C, and a path that alternates between damp heat and thermal cycling. The most severe stressor is damp heat with system bias applied to simulate the voltages that modules experience when connected in an array. Positive 600 V applied to the active layer with respect to the grounded module frame accelerates corrosion of the silver grid fingers and degrades the silicon nitride antireflective coating on the cells. Dark I-V curve fitting indicates increased series resistance and saturation current around the maximum power point; however, an improvement in junction recombination characteristics is obtained. Shunt paths and cell-metallization interface failures are seen developing in the silicon cells as determined by electroluminescence, thermal imaging, and I-V curves in the case of negative 600 V bias applied to the active layer. Ability to withstand electrolytic corrosion, moisture ingress, and ion drift under system voltage bias are differentiated.

  6. ISSUES ASSOCIATED WITH PROBABILISTIC FAILURE MODELING OF DIGITAL SYSTEMS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    CHU,T.L.; MARTINEZ-GURIDI,G.; LEHNER,J.; OVERLAND,D.

    2004-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The current U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) licensing process of instrumentation and control (I&C) systems is based on deterministic requirements, e.g., single failure criteria, and defense in depth and diversity. Probabilistic considerations can be used as supplements to the deterministic process. The National Research Council has recommended development of methods for estimating failure probabilities of digital systems, including commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) equipment, for use in probabilistic risk assessment (PRA). NRC staff has developed informal qualitative and quantitative requirements for PRA modeling of digital systems. Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) has performed a review of the-state-of-the-art of the methods and tools that can potentially be used to model digital systems. The objectives of this paper are to summarize the review, discuss the issues associated with probabilistic modeling of digital systems, and identify potential areas of research that would enhance the state of the art toward a satisfactory modeling method that could be integrated with a typical probabilistic risk assessment.

  7. Parallel algorithms with processor failures and delays. Technical report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buss, J.F.; Kanellakis, P.C.; Radge, P.L.; Shvartsman, A.A.

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors study efficient deterministic parallel algorithms on two models: restartable fail-stop CRCW PRAMs and strongly asynchronous PRAMs. In the first model, synchronous processors are subject to arbitrary stop failures and restarts determined by an on-line adversary and involving loss of private but not shared memory; the complexity measures are completed work (where processors are charged for completed fixed-size update cycles) and overhead ratio (completed work amortized over necessary work and failure). In the second model, the result of the computation is a serialization of the actions of the processors determined by an on-line adversary; the complexity measure is total work (number of steps taken by all processors). Despite their differences the two models share key algorithmic techniques. They present new algorithms for the Write-All problem (in which P processors write ones into an array of size N) for these two models. These algorithms can be used to implement a simulation strategy for any N processor PRAM on a restartable fail-stop P processor CRCW PRAM such that it guarantees a terminating execution of each simulated N processor step, with O(log sq N) overhead ratio.

  8. Analysis of self-similar solutions of multidimensional conservation laws

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keyfitz, Barbara

    2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This project focused on analysis of multidimensional conservation laws, specifically on extensions to the study of self-siminar solutions, a project initiated by the PI. In addition, progress was made on an approach to studying conservation laws of very low regularity; in this research, the context was a novel problem in chromatography. Two graduate students in mathematics were supported during the grant period, and have almost completed their thesis research.

  9. Tolman's law in linear irreversible thermodynamics: a kinetic theory approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Sandoval-Villalbazo; A. L. Garcia-Perciante; D. Brun-Battistini

    2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper it is shown that Tolman's law can be derived from relativistic kinetic theory applied to a simple fluid in a BGK-like approximation. Using this framework, it becomes clear that the contribution of the gravitational field can be viewed as a cross effect that resembles the so-called \\emph{Thomson effect} in irreversible thermodynamics. A proper generalization of Tolman's law in an inhomogeneous medium is formally established based on these grounds.

  10. Perturbed Power-law parameters from WMAP7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minu Joy; Tarun Souradeep

    2010-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a perturbative approach for studying inflation models with soft departures from scale free spectra of the power law model. In the perturbed power law (PPL) approach one obtains at the leading order both the scalar and tensor power spectra with the running of their spectral indices, in contrast to the widely used slow roll expansion. The PPL spectrum is confronted data and we show that the PPL parameters are well estimated from WMAP-7 data.

  11. Perturbed Power-law parameters from WMAP7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joy, Minu

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a perturbative approach for studying inflation models with soft departures from scale free spectra of the power law model. In the perturbed power law (PPL) approach one obtains at the leading order both the scalar and tensor power spectra with the running of their spectral indices, in contrast to the widely used slow roll expansion. The PPL spectrum is confronted data and we show that the PPL parameters are well estimated from WMAP-7 data.

  12. Physical process first law and caustic avoidance for Rindler horizon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srijit Bhattacharjee; Sudipta Sarkar

    2014-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the perturbation induced by a slowly rotating massive object as it passes through a Rindler horizon. It is shown that the passage of this object can be approximately modeled as Delta\\,function type tidal distortions hitting the horizon. Further, following the analysis presented by Amsel, Marolf and Virmani related to the issue of the validity of physical process first law, we establish a condition on the size of the object so that this law holds for the Rindler horizon.

  13. RISK-BASED EVALUATION OF OPERATING RESTRICTIONS TO REDUCE THE RISK OF EARTHQUAKE-INDUCED DAM FAILURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowles, David S.

    and consequences of an Earthquake-induced dam failure. The potential for both a sudden overtopping failure-induced dam failure, and the estimated residual risk and degree of risk-based justification for the Existing into the relationship between pool elevation and dam failure risk, provided important inputs for the decision

  14. A New Polyethylene Scattering Law Determined Using Inelastic Neutron Scattering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lavelle, Christopher M [ORNL; Liu, C [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Stone, Matthew B [ORNL

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monte Carlo neutron transport codes such as MCNP rely on accurate data for nuclear physics cross-sections to produce accurate results. At low energy, this takes the form of scattering laws based on the dynamic structure factor, S (Q, E). High density polyethylene (HDPE) is frequently employed as a neutron moderator at both high and low temperatures, however the only cross-sections available are for T =300 K, and the evaluation has not been updated in quite some time. In this paper we describe inelastic neutron scattering measurements on HDPE at 5 and 300 K which are used to improve the scattering law for HDPE. We describe the experimental methods, review some of the past HDPE scattering laws, and compare computations using these models to the measured S (Q, E). The total cross-section is compared to available data, and the treatment of the carbon secondary scatterer as a free gas is assessed. We also discuss the use of the measurement itself as a scattering law via the 1 phonon approximation. We show that a scattering law computed using a more detailed model for the Generalized Density of States (GDOS) compares more favorably to this experiment, suggesting that inelastic neutron scattering can play an important role in both the development and validation of new scattering laws for Monte Carlo work.

  15. Preliminary Failure Modes and Effects Analysis of the US Massive Gas Injection Disruption Mitigation System Design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee C. Cadwallader

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents the results of a preliminary failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA) of a candidate design for the ITER Disruption Mitigation System. This candidate is the Massive Gas Injection System that provides machine protection in a plasma disruption event. The FMEA was quantified with “generic” component failure rate data as well as some data calculated from operating facilities, and the failure events were ranked for their criticality to system operation.

  16. Preliminary Failure Modes and Effects Analysis of the US DCLL Test Blanket Module

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee C. Cadwallader

    2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents the results of a preliminary failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA) of a small tritium-breeding test blanket module design for the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor. The FMEA was quantified with “generic” component failure rate data, and the failure events are binned into postulated initiating event families and frequency categories for safety assessment. An appendix to this report contains repair time data to support an occupational radiation exposure assessment for test blanket module maintenance.

  17. Probability of loss of assured safety in systems with multiple time-dependent failure modes.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Helton, Jon Craig; Pilch, Martin M.; Sallaberry, Cedric M.

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Weak link (WL)/strong link (SL) systems are important parts of the overall operational design of high-consequence systems. In such designs, the SL system is very robust and is intended to permit operation of the entire system under, and only under, intended conditions. In contrast, the WL system is intended to fail in a predictable and irreversible manner under accident conditions and render the entire system inoperable before an accidental operation of the SL system. The likelihood that the WL system will fail to deactivate the entire system before the SL system fails (i.e., degrades into a configuration that could allow an accidental operation of the entire system) is referred to as probability of loss of assured safety (PLOAS). Representations for PLOAS for situations in which both link physical properties and link failure properties are time-dependent are derived and numerically evaluated for a variety of WL/SL configurations, including PLOAS defined by (i) failure of all SLs before failure of any WL, (ii) failure of any SL before failure of any WL, (iii) failure of all SLs before failure of all WLs, and (iv) failure of any SL before failure of all WLs. The effects of aleatory uncertainty and epistemic uncertainty in the definition and numerical evaluation of PLOAS are considered.

  18. alpha-mode containment failure: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: of stainless steel container materials is a potential problem for long-term radioactive waste storage-to-failure of relevant stainless steels in the annealed...

  19. APC mutations lead to cytokinetic failures in vitro and tetraploid genotypes in Min mice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caldwell, Christine M; Green, Rebecca A; Kaplan, Kenneth B

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    JCB: ARTICLE APC mutations lead to cytokinetic failures inpre- cise mechanisms that lead to the chromosomal defects inanaphase begins. APC MUTANTS LEAD TO TETRAPLOID CELLS IN

  20. A coupled biventricular finite element and lumped-parameter circulatory system model of heart failure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Circulatory System Model of Heart Failure Jonathan F. Wenk,contracting regions of the heart. These single ventricledilation and help remodel the heart towards a normal state.