P.L. 109-58, "Energy Policy Act of 2005", 2005
2005-08-08
The Energy Policy Act of 2005 set forth an energy agenda covering a wide range of energy technology research and implementation activities with provisions applicable to AMO activities.
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Public Law 109-58) Congress established a new program to support the expansion of hydropower energy development at existing dams and impoundments through an incentive payment...
Draft Report to Congress: Energy Policy Act of 2005, Section...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
this report to Congress pursuant to Section 1813 of Public Law (Pub. L.) 109-58, the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct). Draft Report to Congress: Energy Policy Act of 2005,...
Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Activities, Progress, and Plans: Report...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
January 2009 Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Activities, Progress, and Plans Report to Congress Preface This Department of Energy report addresses subsection 811(a) of Public Law 109-58,...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
EPAct 2005 Section 242 Program I. Purpose In the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct 2005; Public Law 109-58) Congress established a new program to support the expansion of hydropower...
Chinese Business Law Postgraduate
Einmahl, Uwe
· Contracts for supply and use of electricity, water, gas or heating · Contracts for donation · Contracts for construction projects · Contracts for transportation · Contracts for technology · Contracts for storage · Financial law · Foreign exchange regulation · Government procurement law · Price fixing regulations Courses
Kostic, Milivoje M.
SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS: STATUS AND CHALLENGES San Diego, California, USA 14 15 June 2011 The First Law of energy conservation was even known (Joule 1843) and long before Thermodynamic concepts were, including this one. The Laws of Thermodynamics have much wider, including philosophical significance
The Law of Hazardous Waste: CERCLA, RCRA, & Common Law Claims
Kammen, Daniel M.
Law 273.4 The Law of Hazardous Waste: CERCLA, RCRA, & Common Law Claims (Fall 2008) Units: 3 CCN (2, The Law of Hazardous Waste Disposal and Remediation (2d ed. 2005) Syllabus Class 1 August 19 Claims on Federal Law: 1. Miller & Johnston The Law of Hazardous Waste Disposal and Remediation 2. Ch. III, Intro
Narasimhan, T.N.
2007-10-17
In a world with water resources severely impacted bytechnology, science must actively contribute to water law. To this end,this paper is an earth scientist s attempt to comprehend essentialelements of water law, and to examine their connections to science.Science and law share a common logical framework of starting with apriori prescribed tenets, and drawing consistent inferences. In science,observationally established physical laws constitute the tenets, while inlaw, they stem from social values. The foundations of modern water law inEurope and the New World were formulated nearly two thousand years ago byRoman jurists who were inspired by Greek philosophy of reason.Recognizing that vital natural elements such as water, air, and the seawere governed by immutable natural laws, they reasoned that theseelements belonged to all humans, and therefore cannot be owned as privateproperty. Legally, such public property was to be governed by jusgentium, the law of all people or the law of all nations. In contrast,jus civile or civil law governed private property. Remarkably, jusgentium continues to be relevant in our contemporary society in whichscience plays a pivotal role in exploiting vital resources common to all.This paper examines the historical roots of modern water law, followstheir evolution through the centuries, and examines how the spirit ofscience inherent in jus gentium is profoundly influencing evolving waterand environmental laws in Europe, the United States and elsewhere. In atechnological world, scientific knowledge has to lie at the core of waterlaw. Yet, science cannot formulate law. It is hoped that a philosophicalunderstanding of the relationships between science and law willcontribute to their constructively coming together in the service ofsociety.
Zipf's law, power laws, and maximum entropy
Visser, Matt
2012-01-01
Zipf's law, and power laws in general, have attracted and continue to attract considerable attention in a wide variety of disciplines - from astronomy to demographics to economics to linguistics to zoology, and even warfare. A recent model of random group formation [RGF] attempts a general explanation of such phenomena based on Jaynes' notion of maximum entropy applied to a particular choice of cost function. In the present article I argue that the cost function used in the RGF model is in fact unnecessarily complicated, and that power laws can be obtained in a much simpler way by applying maximum entropy ideas directly to the Shannon entropy subject only to a single constraint: that the average of the logarithm of the observable quantity is specified.
College of Law LLM in Oil and Gas Law
Harman, Neal.A.
College of Law LLM in Oil and Gas Law New LLM in Oil and Gas Law launched to complement our other internationally acclaimed LLM degrees NEW Holman Fenwick Willan is proud to sponsor the LLM Prize in Oil and Gas impressive range of courses on maritime and commercial law, the new LLM in Oil and Gas Law will allow
Reviving Telecommunications Surveillance Law
Schwartz, Paul M.
2008-01-01
attorney general to report to Congress). File: 12 Schwartzin obtaining the official reports to Congress for 1999–2003Chicago Law Review reports to Congress on the FBI’s use of
Dolovich, Sharon
2012-01-01
locked away. Making prison law a standard curricular4,299,000 living former prisoners. A total of 5,618,000 U.S.Dependence, State and Federal Prisoners 2004, at 6 (Bureau
Matching Law Visualization Tool
Reed, Derek D.
2015-05-15
, the matching law remains an elusive principle to students of behavior analysis lacking requisite training in quantitative analyses. This simulation tool is intended to visually describe how manipulations of the parameters of the quantitative models modulate...
Technetium Retention During LAW Vitrification
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
solubility in LAW glass is not limiting * Facilities vitrifying commercial HLW from reprocessing incorporate Tc in glass at much higher levels (>1000X WTP LAW) * Tc volatility...
The Law of Hazardous Waste: CERCLA, RCRA, & Common Law Claims
Kammen, Daniel M.
Law 273.4 The Law of Hazardous Waste: CERCLA, RCRA, & Common Law Claims (Fall 2006) Units: 3 CCN (2 of Hazardous Waste Disposal and Remediation (2d ed. 2005) Syllabus Class 1 August 22 Claims Based on Common: 1. Miller & Johnston The Law of Hazardous Waste Disposal and Remediation 2. Ch. III, Intro to RCRA
First Law of Thermodynamics First Law of Thermodynamics
Winokur, Michael
First Law of Thermodynamics First Law of Thermodynamics Eth =W +Q Thermal energy Eth : Microscopic. #12;First Law of Thermodynamics Work W done on a gas is (area under the pV curve) W = - pdV = Vi Vf - tools First Law of Thermodynamics An adiabatic process is one for which Q = 0. Fast process but still
Say's Law and modern macroeconomics
Van Allen, Laurel Cameron
2013-02-22
Many economists have debated the interpretation of what is known as "Say's Law of markets"; it has been the subject of controversy for two centuries. Jean Baptiste Say describes Say's Law by noting that the "success of ...
Philadelphia University Faculty of Law
Philadelphia University Faculty of Law )16/( Examination sheet Form No (16/C) :PART 1( : . . . , , . #12; Philadelphia University Faculty of Law )16/( Examination sheet Form No (16/C) :PART 1
Philadelphia University Faculty of Law
Philadelphia University Faculty of Law )16/( Examination sheet Form No (16/C) :PART 1, , , , , , , ) ( . #12; Philadelphia University Faculty of Law )16/( Examination sheet Form No (16/C) :PART 1
Philadelphia University Faculty of Law
Philadelphia University Faculty of Law Foreign Students Handbook 2005/2006 #12;The Faculty of Law Philadelphia University CONTENT Preface 2 Philadelphia University in a glimpse 3 Mission of Philadelphia The Moralistic standards of student of law 46 Epilogue 50 University calender 51 1 www.philadelphia.edu.jo - www.philadelphia
Philadelphia University Faculty of law
Philadelphia University Faculty of law Department of -------------- ---------- semester, 2007: Academic Staff Specifics E-mail Address Office Hours Office Number and Location RankName S.dayyat@philadelphia Courts and relevant lawsuits Guide for Faculty of Law Students Faculty of Law/ Philadelphia University
Philadelphia University Faculty of Law
Philadelphia University Faculty of Law )17/( External Examiner Report Form No (17/A) :PART and relevant committees 2- . www. Philadelphia.edu.jo/asp.law 2- if the external on the following address. www. Philadelphia.edu.jo/asp.law 3- : G_sabbarini@philadelphia
Philadelphia University Faculty of Law
Philadelphia University Faculty of Law )16/ Examination Paper Form No (16/C) :PART 1 : -A. - . - . - . - . - . : - . - . - . - . - . - . . #12; Philadelphia University Faculty of Law )16/ Examination Paper Form No (16/C) :PART 1 : -A. - . - . - . - . - . : - . - . - . - . - . - . . #12; Philadelphia University Faculty of Law )16/ Examination Paper Form No (16/C) :PART 1 -A
Impacts of Minnesota's Primary Seat Belt Law
Minnesota, University of
Impacts of Minnesota's Primary Seat Belt Law Frank Douma Center" Six Policies Strongly Supported By Research · Primary seat belt laws · SobrietyMcal Insights of Portland, Maine #12;Primary Seat Belt Laws "Allowing law
Term statistics Zipf's law text statistics
Lu, Jianguo
Term statistics Zipf's law text statistics October 20, 2014 text statistics 1 / 19 #12;Term statistics Zipf's law Overview 1 Term statistics 2 Zipf's law text statistics 2 / 19 #12;Term statistics Zipf's law Outline 1 Term statistics 2 Zipf's law text statistics 3 / 19 #12;Term statistics Zipf's law Model
Philadelphia University Faculty of Law
1 Philadelphia University Faculty of Law PROGRAM HANDBOOK 2004-2005 Philadelphia University Mission Map #12;2 Philadelphia University Mission: Philadelphia University has been established to actively
Philadelphia University Faculty of law
Philadelphia University Faculty of law Department of -------------- ---------- semester, 2007Name idabbah@philadelphia.edu.jo310 Assistant professor Issa Dabbah Course module description: 5- ( 420151
Philadelphia University Faculty of law
Philadelphia University Faculty of law Department of -------------- ---------- semester, 2007: Academic Staff Specifics E-mail Address Office Hours Office Number and LocationRankName idabbah@philadelphia
The Second LawThe Second Law of Energy Degradationof Energy Degradation CarnotCarnot
Kostic, Milivoje M.
The Second LawThe Second Law of Energy Degradationof Energy Degradation CarnotCarnot 18241824 Heatndnd Law Thermo SymposiumLaw Thermo Symposium Univ. of San Diego, June 14Univ. of San Diego, June 14 ··First time on a 2First time on a 2ndnd Law SymposiumLaw Symposium ··The 2The 2ndnd Law is my obsession
Research Report faculty of law
Tobar, Michael
Research student profile | 07 Crime Research Centre | 09 The Centre for Mining, Energy and Natural as contribute to inter-disciplinary projects and debates. The outputs of the Law School's research include entities: the Centre for Mining, Energy and Natural Resources Law, the Consumer Research Unit and the Crime
Peck, John C.
1992-01-01
stream_size 7 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name John C. Peck, Water Law in Kansas History, 61 J. Kan. Bar Assoc. 39 (1992).pdf.txt stream_source_info John C. Peck, Water Law in Kansas History, 61 J. Kan. Bar Assoc. 39 (1992...
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The Federal Bar Association is hosting the 40th Annual Indian Law Conference. This two-day conference focuses on the significant changes that have occurred in the relationship between Tribal Nations and the United States in the last four decades. The conference will cover several topics, including climate change, Indian Law, tribal courts, and more.
Philadelphia University Faculty of Law
1 Philadelphia University Faculty of Law 2004-2005 1. Awarding Institution /Body Philadelphia University 2. Teaching Institution Philadelphia University 3. University Department/Center Faculty of Law 4 Hours System 8. Date of production/revision of this form August 2005 #12;2 Philadelphia University
POSTGRADUATE GUIDE SCHOOL OF LAW
Neri, Peter
POSTGRADUATE GUIDE SCHOOL OF LAW www.abdn.ac.uk/law #12;Set in the heart of Europe's Energy Capital. As Europe's Energy Capital, Aberdeen is a prosperous, attractive and safe city. A commercial centre, the University of Aberdeen is the fifth oldest university in the UK, and combines ancient tradition with the best
Philadelphia University Faculty of law-
sources of knowledge to benefit from information 5. enable students to become team players and respond for companies in civil law, and then moves to corporate law to study the sources and characteristics conciliation and its formal and objective terms, and its legal provisions are included in the study Course
SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY & LAW PROGRAM SCIENCE, ENGINEERING, AND LAW MINOR
Zallen, Richard
3 PSCI 3344 Global Environmental Issues AR07 3 UAP 3344 Global Environmental Issues AR07 3 UAP 4344 Law Government & Politics AR03 3 PSCI 1024 Comparative Government
ALBERTA LAW REFORM INSTITUTE EDMONTON, ALBERTA
MacMillan, Andrew
ALBERTA LAW REFORM INSTITUTE EDMONTON, ALBERTA CONTRACTS FOR THE SALE AND PURCHASE OF LAND;#12;Table of Contents ALBERTA LAW REFORM INSTITUTE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 CHAPTER 2. COMPARISON OF THE PRESENT AND PREVIOUS LAW OF ALBERTA
Wind Access and Permitting Law
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The law also defines a limited set of reasonable restrictions that governments and associations are permitted to use in regulating residential wind energy systems. Any limitations put in place may...
Law School Event Composting Guide
Wolfe, Patrick J.
Law School Event Composting Guide HLS SUSTAINABILITY PROGRAM JANUARY 2011 Thank you for your interest in event composting! Separating materials for composting is easy, and organic materials comprise a significant portion of event waste. Composting instead
Louisiana Air Control Law (Louisiana)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
This law states regulations for air quality control and states the powers and duties of the secretary of environmental quality. It provides information about permits and licenses, air quality...
Philadelphia University Faculty of law
Philadelphia University Faculty of law Department of -------------- ---------- semester, 2007Lecture Time: Academic Staff Specifics E-mail Address Office Hours Office Number and Location RankName b-tarawneh@philadelphia
Solar Easements & Rights Laws | Department of Energy
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
Access Policy Summary Maryland has a long-standing law protecting the rights of solar energy system owners. The original law prohibited restrictive land use covenants that...
Securities Law Issues Relating to Community Solar Projects
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The law firm Stoel Rives has analyzed the issues related to Securities Law and Community Solar both in the context of Washington state law and federal law.
School of Law Web Policy Introduction
Almor, Amit
School of Law Web Policy Introduction The University of South Carolina School of Law website of Law web resources. It also protects students, faculty and staff from inappropriate use of School of Law web resources. Also, students, faculty, and staff that create, design, update, and publish
New Hampshire Timber Harvesting Laws
New Hampshire, University of
Guide to New Hampshire Timber Harvesting Laws #12;ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This publication is an updated Hampshire Cooperative Extension 131 Main Street, Nesmith Hall Durham, New Hampshire 03824 http Hampshire Timberland Owners Association 54 Portsmouth Street Concord, New Hampshire 03301 www.nhtoa.org UNH
Fourier's Law from Closure Equations
Jean Bricmont; Antti Kupiainen
2006-09-01
We give a rigorous derivation of Fourier's law from a system of closure equations for a nonequilibrium stationary state of a Hamiltonian system of coupled oscillators subjected to heat baths on the boundary. The local heat flux is proportional to the temperature gradient with a temperature dependent heat conductivity and the stationary temperature exhibits a nonlinear profile.
PHILADELPHIA UNIVERSITY Faculty of Law
PHILADELPHIA UNIVERSITY Faculty of Law QUALITY MANAGEMENT HANDBOOK #12;Philadelphia institution, Philadelphia University commits itself into being a full partner in the development of the Decapolies on the Kings Road, with deep routes in history, being the link of old civilizations, Philadelphia
Second laws under control restrictions
H. Wilming; R. Gallego; J. Eisert
2015-07-28
The second law of thermodynamics, formulated as an ultimate bound on the maximum extractable work, has been rigorously derived in multiple scenarios. However, the unavoidable limitations that emerge due to the lack of control on small systems are often disregarded when deriving such bounds, which is specifically important in the context of quantum thermodynamics. Here, we study the maximum extractable work with limited control over the working system and its interaction with the heat bath. We derive a general second law when the set of accessible Hamiltonians of the working-system is arbitrarily restricted. We then apply our bound to particular scenarios that are important in realistic implementations: limitations on the maximum energy gap and local control over many-body systems. We hence demonstrate in what precise way the lack of control affects the second law. In particular, contrary to the unrestricted case, we show that the optimal work extraction is not achieved by simple thermal contacts. Our results do not only generalize the second law to scenarios of practical relevance, but also take first steps in the direction of local thermodynamics.
Module No: 420161Administrative Law 1Module Title: Co-requisite: Administrative Law 2Introduction to LawPre-requisite: Module Type: department requirementModule level: First Year Evening Study-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Instructor Name E-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Module
Family Law and the Genomic Revolution
Torrance, Andrew W.
2010-01-01
, personalized genomics, and gene therapy, coupled with the flux in the law of gene patents (and patents on related inventions), will ensure the substantial transformation of the legal milieu in which parents make reproductive choices. Family law...
Handbook for Incoming Law Exchange Students
Gasch, Audrey P.
Handbook for Incoming Law Exchange Students Prepared by Global Legal Studies Center UW Law School Directors .......................................................................... 5 Selecting courses in conjunction with other material sent to you by the International Academic Programs (IAP) which coordinates
An Economics-Based Second Law Efficiency
Mistry, Karan Hemant
Second Law efficiency is a useful parameter for characterizing the energy requirements of a system in relation to the limits of performance prescribed by the Laws of Thermodynamics. However, since energy costs typically ...
Power Law in Hadron Production
Gazdzicki, M; Gazdzicki, Marek; Gorenstein, Mark I.
2001-01-01
In high energy p+p interactions the mean multiplicity of neutral mesons (from eta to Upsilon) and the transverse mass spectra of pions (m_T= 1 - 15 GeV/c^2) reveal a remarkable universal behaviour: they follow, over 10 orders of magnitude, the same power law function: C m_(T)^(-P). This scaling is rather similar to that expected in the statistical description of hadron production: the parameter P plays the role of a temperature and the normalisation constant C is analogous to the system volume. The fundamental difference is, however, in the form of the distribution function. In order to reproduce the experimental results and preserve the basic structure of the statistical approach the Boltzmann factor e^(-E^*/T) appearing in standard statistical mechanics has to be substituted by a power law factor (E^*/\\Lambda)^(-P).
Is the statement of Murphy's Law valid?
Chatterjee, Atanu
2015-01-01
Murphy's Law is $not$ a law in the formal sense yet popular science often compares it with the Second Law of Thermodynamics as both the statements point toward a more disorganized state with time. In this paper, we first construct a mathematically equivalent statement for Murphy's Law and then disprove it using the intuitive idea that energy differences will level off along the paths of steepest descent, or along trajectories of least action.
Harvard Law School Recording License Agreement
Schrag, Daniel
Harvard Law School Recording License Agreement This is the paper version of the Harvard Law School Recording License Agreement. With it, individuals who give presentations or are recorded on campus (at: Harvard Law School Recording License Agreement The Author named above authorizes
Extending Amdahl's Law for Energy-Efficient
Lee, Hsien-Hsin "Sean"
Extending Amdahl's Law for Energy-Efficient Computing in the Many-Core Era Dong Hyuk Woo and Hsien, as an architectural solution sustaining Moore's law.1 With dual-core and quad-core processors on the market and oct,3 In 1967, Gene Amdahl proposed an often overlooked law of scal- ing: A program's sequential computation
LLM Oil, Gas and Mining Law Module Information: Oil, Gas & Mining Environmental Law I and
Evans, Paul
LLM Oil, Gas and Mining Law Module Information: Oil, Gas & Mining Environmental Law I and Oil, Gas of the area of Oil, Gas &, Mining Environmental Law; 2. communicate complex legal concepts that apply within the area of Oil, Gas & Mining & Environmental Law to a high level of competence; and 3. deploy a highly
Profit Neutrality in Licensing: The Boundary Between Antitrust Law and Patent Law
Sadoulet, Elisabeth
Profit Neutrality in Licensing: The Boundary Between Antitrust Law and Patent Law Stephen M. Maurer a century, courts and commentators have struggled to find principles that reconcile patent and antitrust law, especially as to patent licensing. We interpret case law and commentary to arrive at three unifying
L1 Stability for scalar balance laws. L1 Stability for scalar balance laws.
Mercier, Magali
L1 Stability for scalar balance laws. L1 Stability for scalar balance laws. Control 2010 Magali Mercier (Institut Camille Jordan, Lyon) L1 Stability for scalar balance laws. Parma, 15th February 2010 1 / 30 #12;L1 Stability for scalar balance laws. Introduction. Introduction Scalar balance
Climate Change Laws of the World Project Columbia Center for Climate Change Law
Smerdon, Jason E.
Climate Change Laws of the World Project Columbia Center for Climate Change Law Monica Molina, Columbia College '14 Supervisor Meredith Wilensky, J.D. Introduction The Climate Change Laws of the World Project is an ongoing effort at the Center for Climate Change Law (CCCL) to aggregate existing domestic
Baseline LAW Glass Formulation Testing
Kruger, Albert A. [USDOE Office of River Protection, Richland, WA (United States); Mooers, Cavin [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab.; Bazemore, Gina [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Pegg, Ian L. [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Hight, Kenneth [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Lai, Shan Tao [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Buechele, Andrew [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Rielley, Elizabeth [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Gan, Hao [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Muller, Isabelle S. [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Cecil, Richard [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab
2013-06-13
The major objective of the baseline glass formulation work was to develop and select glass formulations that are compliant with contractual and processing requirements for each of the LAW waste streams. Other objectives of the work included preparation and characterization of glasses with respect to the properties of interest, optimization of sulfate loading in the glasses, evaluation of ability to achieve waste loading limits, testing to demonstrate compatibility of glass melts with melter materials of construction, development of glass formulations to support ILAW qualification activities, and identification of glass formulation issues with respect to contract specifications and processing requirements.
2012 school of law catalog 2013 This publication is for
........................................................................................ 8 Wheat Law Library ................................................................................................................... 8 Library Faculty Members Classification .......................................
Power Law in Hadron Production
Marek Gazdzicki; Mark I. Gorenstein
2001-08-14
In high energy p+p(bar) interactions the mean multiplicity and transverse mass spectra of neutral mesons from eta to Upsilon (m = 0.5 - 10 GeV/c^2) and the transverse mass spectra of pions (m_T > 1 GeV/c^2) reveal a remarkable behaviour: they follow, over more than 10 orders of magnitude, the power-law function:The parameters C and P are energy dependent, but similar for all mesons produced at the same collision energy. This scaling resembles that expected in the statistical description of hadron production: the parameter P plays the role of a temperature and the normalisation constant C is analogous to the system volume. The fundamental difference is, however, in the form of the distribution function. In order to reproduce the experimental results and preserve the basic structure of the statistical approach the Boltzmann factor e^(-E/T) appearing in standard statistical mechanics has to be substituted by a power-law factor (E/Lambda)^(-P).
The second laws of quantum thermodynamics
Fernando G. S. L. Brandao; Micha? Horodecki; Nelly Huei Ying Ng; Jonathan Oppenheim; Stephanie Wehner
2014-09-25
The second law of thermodynamics tells us which state transformations are so statistically unlikely that they are effectively forbidden. Its original formulation, due to Clausius, states that "Heat can never pass from a colder to a warmer body without some other change, connected therewith, occurring at the same time". The second law applies to systems composed of many particles interacting; however, we are seeing that one can make sense of thermodynamics in the regime where we only have a small number of particles interacting with a heat bath. Is there a second law of thermodynamics in this regime? Here, we find that for processes which are cyclic or very close to cyclic, the second law for microscopic systems takes on a very di?erent form than it does at the macroscopic scale, imposing not just one constraint on what state transformations are possible, but an entire family of constraints. In particular, we find a family of free energies which generalise the traditional one, and show that they can never increase. We further find that there are three regimes which determine which family of second laws govern state transitions, depending on how cyclic the process is. In one regime one can cause an apparent violation of the usual second law, through a process of embezzling work from a large system which remains arbitrarily close to its original state. These second laws are not only relevant for small systems, but also apply to individual macroscopic systems interacting via long-range interactions, which only satisfy the ordinary second law on average. By making precise the definition of thermal operations, the laws of thermodynamics take on a simple form with the first law defining the class of thermal operations, the zeroeth law emerging as a unique condition ensuring the theory is nontrivial, and the remaining laws being a monotonicity property of our generalised free energies.
Wilk, Grzegorz
2015-01-01
Quasi-power law ensembles are discussed from the perspective of nonextensive Tsallis distributions characterized by a nonextensive parameter $q$. A number of possible sources of such distributions are presented in more detail. It is further demonstrated that data suggest that nonextensive parameters deduced from Tsallis distributions functions $f\\left(p_T\\right)$, $q_1$, and from multiplicity distributions (connected with Tsallis entropy), $q_2$, are not identical and that they are connected via $q_1 + q_2 = 2$. It is also shown that Tsallis distributions can be obtained directly from Shannon information entropy, provided some special constraints are imposed. They are connected with the type of dynamical processes under consideration (additive or multiplicative). Finally, it is shown how a Tsallis distribution can accommodate the log-oscillating behavior apparently seen in some multiparticle data.
Grzegorz Wilk; Zbigniew W?odarczyk
2014-12-12
Quasi-power law ensembles are discussed from the perspective of nonextensive Tsallis distributions characterized by a nonextensive parameter $q$. A number of possible sources of such distributions are presented in more detail. It is further demonstrated that data suggest that nonextensive parameters deduced from Tsallis distributions functions $f\\left(p_T\\right)$, $q_1$, and from multiplicity distributions (connected with Tsallis entropy), $q_2$, are not identical and that they are connected via $q_1 + q_2 = 2$. It is also shown that Tsallis distributions can be obtained directly from Shannon information entropy, provided some special constraints are imposed. They are connected with the type of dynamical processes under consideration (additive or multiplicative). Finally, it is shown how a Tsallis distribution can accommodate the log-oscillating behavior apparently seen in some multiparticle data.
Fourier's Law for a Granular Fluid
James W. Dufty
2007-07-07
Newton' viscosity law for the momentum flux and Fourier's law for the heat flux define Navier-Stokes hydrodynamics for a simple, one component fluid. There is ample evidence that a hydrodynamic description applies as well to a mesoscopic granular fluid with the same form for Newton's viscosity law. However, theory predicts a qualitative difference for Fourier's law with an additional contribution from density gradients even at uniform temperature. The reasons for the absence of such terms for normal fluids are indicated, and a related microscopic explanation for their existence in granular fluids is presented.
Commercial Law and Development in Kenya
Mutunga, Willy
1982-01-01
communalism, slavery, feudalism, capitalism and communism.the ruins of British feudalism . The bourgeoisie thereafterof commercial law. While under feudalism it had functioned
Modernizing Patent Law's Inequitable Conduct Doctrine
Cotropia, Christopher
2008-01-01
conduct doctrine, but the patent system in general. Berkeleyof the currently pending patent reform legislation containsUTCLE 12th Annual Advanced Patent Law Institute, http://
The Snell law for quaternionic potentials
De Leo, Stefano; Ducati, Gisele C.
2013-12-15
By using the analogy between optics and quantum mechanics, we obtain the Snell law for the planar motion of quantum particles in the presence of quaternionic potentials.
Modernizing Patent Law's Inequitable Conduct Doctrine
Cotropia, Christopher
2008-01-01
can either be filed by the inventor herself or by a patentwho is representing the inventor. 20 "Patent prosecution" ispatent law requires the inventor put in the patent's
Tribal Energy and Environmental Information Clearinghouse - Laws...
Tribal Energy and Environmental Information Clearinghouse - Laws and Regulations Applicable to Geothermal Energy Development webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference...
Federal Highway Admininstration - Law Enforcement Escort - Best...
Federal Highway Admininstration - Law Enforcement Escort - Best Practices Guidelines Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory...
Power law and composite power law friction factor correlations for laminar and turbulent gasliquid
Joseph, Daniel D.
new unpublished, and data for gas and heavy oil from PDVSA-Intevep. Dimensionless pressure gradients oil are compiled and processed for power law and composite power law friction factor correlations reduce to the power laws for laminar flow when the Reynolds number is low and to turbulent flow when
Module No: 420141Public International Law (1)Module Title: public international law 2, international
Module No: 420141Public International Law (1)Module Title: public international law 2, international human law and international organizations Pre-requisite: Module Type: Department requirementModule Office Phone Academic rank Module coordinator jo.edu.idabbah@philadelphia310397Assistant professor Dr
Careers in Patent LawCareers in Patent Law Mitchell Jones
Sheridan, Jennifer
Careers in Patent LawCareers in Patent Law Mitchell Jones Partner Medlen & Carroll, LLP #12;Career position Patent law seemed like a good alternative #12;Intellectual PropertyIntellectual Property Patents Trademarks Copyright Trade secrets #12;Patent BasicsPatent Basics New, useful and non-obvious Granted
Obstacles in Hawaii Laws to Implementation of
Obstacles in Hawaii Laws to Implementation of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Resources Prepared-FC-06NT42847 Task 3. Deliverable #2 Obstacles in Hawaii Laws to Implementation of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Resources By Carl Freedman, representing the Hawaii Energy Policy Forum And Hawaii Natural Energy
Edinburgh Research Explorer Law, Translation, and Voice
Millar, Andrew J.
, S 2011, 'Law, Translation, and Voice: Transformation of a Struggle for Social Justice in a Chinese Village' Critical Asian Studies, vol 43, no. 2, pp. 185-210., 10.1080/14672715.2011.570566 Digital Object Studies Publisher Rights Statement: © Woodman, S. (2011). Law, Translation, and Voice: Transformation
General Laws for the Action of Diastases
V: Action of amylase on starch 68 §33. Method. H. Brown and Glendinning's research 68 §34. Law for the progress of the hydrolysis of starch by amylase 65 §35. Effect of the amount of starch. Difference between malt amylase and pancreatic juice amylase 68 §36. Theory of the law of action of amylase 72 §37
Export Control Laws and Washingtonand Washington
1 Export Control Laws and Washingtonand Washington University For Washington University Faculty Authors: Cindy White, Research Office Tina Tyson, Office of General Counsel May 2006 What are export of foreign policy and national security. *NOTE: Export control laws apply to all activities -- not just
Faculty of Law Canadian & American Dual JD
, Enriching Programs The University of Detroit Mercy School of Law and the University of Windsor Faculty. Financial aid at both the University of Detroit Mercy School of Law and the University of Windsor Faculty tuition and fees to both the University of Detroit Mercy and the University of Windsor. Each student must
Impacts of Minnesota's Primary Seat Belt Law
Levinson, David M.
March 2012 Impacts of Minnesota's Primary Seat Belt Law Authors: Frank Douma Nebiyou Tilahun of Minnesota's Primary Seat Belt Law March 2012 6. 7. Author(s) 8. Performing Organization Report No. Frank. Abstract (Limit: 250 words) In the spring of 2009, the Minnesota Legislature changed the state's seat belt
Energy-Momentum and Gauge Conservation Laws
G. Giachetta; L. Mangiarotti; G. Sardanashvily
1998-07-20
We treat energy-momentum conservation laws as particular gauge conservation laws when generators of gauge transformations are horizontal vector fields on fibre bundles. In particular, the generators of general covariant transformations are the canonical horizontal prolongations of vector fields on a world manifold. This is the case of the energy-momentum conservation laws in gravitation theories. We find that, in main gravitational models, the corresponding energy-momentum flows reduce to the generalized Komar superpotential. We show that the superpotential form of a conserved flow is the common property of gauge conservation laws if generators of gauge transformations depend on derivatives of gauge parameters. At the same time, dependence of conserved flows on gauge parameters make gauge conservation laws form-invariant under gauge transformations.
Thomas D. Cohen
2014-07-15
SU($N_c$) gauge theories containing matter fields may be invariant under transformations of some subgroup of the $\\mathbb{Z}_{N_c}$ center; the maximum such subgroup is $\\mathbb{Z}_{p}$, with $p$ depending on $N_c$ and the representations of the various matter fields in the theory. Confining SU($N_c$) gauge theories in either 3+1 or 2+1 space-time dimensions and with matter fields in any representation have string tensions for representation $R$ given by $\\sigma_R =\\sigma_f \\, \\, \\frac{p_R (p-p_R) \\, \\, g\\left (p_R (p-p_R) \\right )}{(p-1) \\, \\, g(p -1 )} $ with $p_R={n_R \\, \\rm mod}(p)$, where $\\sigma_f $ is the string tension for the fundamental representation, $g$ is a positive finite function and $n_R$ is the n-ality of $R$. This implies that a necessary condition for a theory in this class to have an area law is invariance of the theory under a nontrivial subgroup of the center. Significantly, these results depend on $p$ regardless of the value of $N_c$.
Maple Implementation of the Kirchhoff's "Third and Fourth Laws"
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Maple Implementation of the Kirchhoff's "Third and Fourth Laws" NICOLAS RATIER1 , MAYA MARKOVA2 1 an implementation in Maple language of the Kirchhoff's third law and its dual, the socalled Kirchhoff's fourth lawcalled Kirch- hoff's "third and fourth laws" [5]. These laws allows one to express network functions, in a very
An Investigation of the Laws of Traversals
Jaskelioff, Mauro; 10.4204/EPTCS.76.5
2012-01-01
Traversals of data structures are ubiquitous in programming. Consequently, it is important to be able to characterise those structures that are traversable and understand their algebraic properties. Traversable functors have been characterised by McBride and Paterson as those equipped with a distributive law over arbitrary applicative functors; however, laws that fully capture the intuition behind traversals are missing. This article is an attempt to remedy this situation by proposing laws for characterising traversals that capture the intuition behind them. To support our claims, we prove that finitary containers are traversable in our sense and argue that elements in a traversable structure are visited exactly once.
Second Law Optimization of Heat Exchangers
Witte, L. C.
1985-01-01
A new method for optimizing heat exchangers is developed in this paper. It is based on second law efficiency relationships rather than on the traditional heat exchanger effectiveness concept. The cost of energy is based on its availability level...
Essays on malpractice law and physician behavior
Frakes, Michael (Michael D.)
2009-01-01
This dissertation contributes to an understanding of the manner in which various dimensions of malpractice law shape physician behavior and how this behavior, in turn, impacts health outcomes. In Chapter 1, I explore the ...
Name Law and Gender in Iceland
Willson, Kendra
2009-01-01
in early nineteenth-century Iceland. ” History of the FamilyMA thesis, University of Iceland. Guðrún Kvaran and SigurðurName Law and Gender in Iceland by Kendra Willson CSW JUN09
Copyright Law Reform: Some Achievable Goals
MacQueen, Hector L
2007-01-01
Copyright law reform in the European Union. The chapter discusses possible actions in light of new and amended EU Directives and whether these balances rights' holders and users' interests....
Essays in empirical law and economics/
Lem, Jacklin Chou
2010-01-01
This dissertation, which is a collection of three essays, uses empirical methods to study questions at the intersection of law and economics. The first chapter, co-authored with Joshua Fischman, explores how supervision ...
Comments of the Southern Environmental Law Center and the American...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
Emergency Order and allow federal and state regulators the discretion to enforce binding air pollution control laws. Comments of the Southern Environmental Law Center and the...
TEEIC Laws and Regulations Applicable to Energy Transmission...
TEEIC Laws and Regulations Applicable to Energy Transmission Development Website Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: TEEIC Laws and...
Improved Engine Design Concepts Using the Second Law of Thermodynamics...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Design Concepts Using the Second Law of Thermodynamics Improved Engine Design Concepts Using the Second Law of Thermodynamics Presentation from the U.S. DOE Office of Vehicle...
Comments of the Southern Environmental Law Center and the American...
Emergency Order and allow federal and state regulators the discretion to enforce binding air pollution control laws. PDF icon Comments of the Southern Environmental Law Center and...
UNEP Handbook for Drafting Laws on Energy Efficiency and Renewable...
UNEP Handbook for Drafting Laws on Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: UNEP Handbook for Drafting Laws on...
POLICY GUIDANCE MEMORANDUM #07 Current Appropriations Law and...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
7 Current Appropriations Law and Compensation of Foreign Nationals POLICY GUIDANCE MEMORANDUM 07 Current Appropriations Law and Compensation of Foreign Nationals Due to recent...
Environmental Law Institute Webinar to Promote Superior Energy...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Environmental Law Institute Webinar to Promote Superior Energy Performance(tm) on July 22, 2014 Environmental Law Institute Webinar to Promote Superior Energy Performance(tm) on...
AARP, National Consumer Law Center, and Public Citizen Comments...
AARP, National Consumer Law Center, and Public Citizen Comments to:DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges AARP, National Consumer Law...
Scaling Law of Coherent Synchrotron Radiation in a Rectangular...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
Scaling Law of Coherent Synchrotron Radiation in a Rectangular Chamber Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Scaling Law of Coherent Synchrotron Radiation in a Rectangular...
The Case for exCellenCe The University of Houston Law Center is a Tier One law school
Glasser, Adrian
of 200 law schools by U.S. News & World Report, 2011 · Ranked 42nd in 2011 by the National Law Journal. 56 out of 200 law schools in the nation by U.S. News & World Report, and one of only eight public law and Information Law Institute is ranked 6th nationally by U.S. News & World Report, 2011 · UH Health Law
Supplementary balance laws and the entropy principle
Serge Preston
2010-08-01
In this work we study the mathematical aspects of the development in the continuum thermodynamics known as the "Entropy Principle". It started with the pioneering works of B.Coleman, W.Noll and I. Muller in 60th of XX cent. and got its further development mostly in the works of G. Boillat, I-Shis Liu and T.Ruggeri. "Entropy Principle" combines in itself the structural requirement on the form of balance laws of the thermodynamical system (denote such system $(\\mathcal{C})$) and on the entropy balance law with the convexity condition of the entropy density. First of these requirements has pure mathematical form defining so called "supplementary balance laws" (shortly SBL) associated with the original balance system. Vector space of SBL can be considered as a kind of natural "closure" of the original balance system. This space includes the original balance laws, the entropy balance, the balance laws corresponding to the symmetries of the balance system and some other balance equations. We consider the case of Rational Extended Thermodynamics where densities, fluxes and sources of the balance equations do not depend on the derivatives of physical fields $y^i$. We present the basic structures of RET: Lagrange-Liu equations,"main fields", and dual formulation of the balance system. We obtain and start studying the defining system of equations for the density $h^0$ of a supplementary balance law. This overdetermined linear system of PDE of second order determines all the densities $h^0$ and with them, due to the formalism of RET, the fluxes and sources of SBL. Solvability conditions of defining system delivers the constitutive restrictions on the balance equations of the original balance system. We illustrate our results by some simple examples of balance system and by describing all the supplementary balance laws and the constitutive restrictions for the Cattaneo heat propagation system.
INVERSE-SQUARE LAW TESTS 1 TESTS OF THE GRAVITATIONAL
Washington at Seattle, University of - Department of Physics, Electroweak Interaction Research Group
INVERSE-SQUARE LAW TESTS 1 TESTS OF THE GRAVITATIONAL INVERSE-SQUARE LAW E.G.Adelberger, B-1560 KEYWORDS: gravitation, experimental tests of inverse-square law, quantum gravity, extra dimensions ABSTRACT: We review recent experimental tests of the gravitational inverse-square law, and the wide variety
Nahum Gelber Law Library A Self-Guided Library Tour
Kambhampati, Patanjali
Nahum Gelber Law Library A Self-Guided Library Tour Welcome to the Nahum Gelber Law Library by the library and how to locate materials for assignments, course readings, reserves etc. The tour should take you about 30 minutes. The Nahum Gelber Law Library is one of the Faculty of Law buildings on the north
Module No: 420151Political systems and constitutional lawModule Title: Constitutional lawPre-requisite: Module Type: department requirementModule level: First Year Evening StudyDaytime StudyCredit Hours: 3 Academic rank Instructor Name E-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Module coordinator jo
Ecological Economics 29 (1999) 473483 The second law, the fourth law, recycling and limits to growth
1999-01-01
Ecological Economics 29 (1999) 473483 ANALYSIS The second law, the fourth law, recycling that there must be a large stockpile of inactive materials as well as an exogenous source of exergy (e.g. from energy (i.e. exergy) is ultimately the only scarce element be- cause, if enough of it is available, all
On Power Law Inflation in DBI Models
Michal Spalinski
2007-04-26
Inflationary models in string theory which identify the inflaton with an open string modulus lead to effective field theories with non-canonical kinetic terms: Dirac-Born-Infeld scalar field theories. In the case of a $D$-brane moving in an AdS throat with a quadratic scalar field potential DBI kinetic terms allow a novel realization of power law inflation. This note adresses the question of whether this behaviour is special to this particular choice of throat geometry and potential. The answer is that for any throat geometry one can explicitly find a potential which leads to power law inflation. This generalizes the well known fact that an exponential potential gives power law inflation in the case of canonical kinetic terms.
Memory Constraints for Power-Law Series
Guo, Fangjian; Zhao, Zhi-Dan; Zhou, Tao
2015-01-01
Many time series produced by complex systems are empirically found to follow power-law distributions with different exponents $\\alpha$. By permuting the independently drawn samples from a power-law distribution, we present non-trivial bounds on the memory (1st-order autocorrelation) as a function of $\\alpha$, which are markedly different from the ordinary $\\pm 1$ bounds for Gaussian or uniform distributions. When $1 3$, the upper bound remains +1 while the lower bound descends below 0. Theoretical bounds agree well with numerical simulations. Based on the ratings of MovieLens and posts in Twitter, we also find that empirical power-law distributed data produced by human activities conform to such constraints.
Entanglement area law from specific heat capacity
Fernando G. S. L. Brandao; Marcus Cramer
2015-08-20
We study the scaling of entanglement in low-energy states of quantum many-body models on lattices of arbitrary dimensions. We allow for unbounded Hamiltonians such that systems with bosonic degrees of freedom are included. We show that if at low enough temperatures the specific heat capacity of the model decays exponentially with inverse temperature, the entanglement in every low-energy state satisfies an area law (with a logarithmic correction). This behaviour of the heat capacity is typically observed in gapped systems. Assuming merely that the low-temperature specific heat decays polynomially with temperature, we find a subvolume scaling of entanglement. Our results give experimentally verifiable conditions for area laws, show that they are a generic property of low-energy states of matter, and, to the best of our knowledge, constitute the first proof of an area law for unbounded Hamiltonians beyond those that are integrable.
The elliptical power law profile lens
Tessore, Nicolas
2015-01-01
The deflection, potential, shear and magnification of a gravitational lens following an elliptical power law mass model are investigated. This mass model is derived from the circular power law profile through a rescaling of the axes, similar to the case of a singular isothermal ellipsoid. The resulting deflection can be calculated explicitly and given in terms of the Gaussian hypergeometric function. Analytic expressions for the remaining lensing properties are found as well. Because the power law profile lens contains a number of well-known lens models as special cases, the equivalence of the new expressions with known results is checked. Finally, it is shown how these results naturally lead to a fast and accurate numerical scheme for computing the deflection and other lens quantities, making this method a useful tool for realistically modelling observed lenses.
Benford's Law Applies To Online Social Networks
Golbeck, Jennifer
2015-01-01
Benford's Law states that the frequency of first digits of numbers in naturally occurring systems is not evenly distributed. Numbers beginning with a 1 occur roughly 30\\% of the time, and are six times more common than numbers beginning with a 9. We show that Benford's Law applies to social and behavioral features of users in online social networks. We consider social data from five major social networks: Facebook, Twitter, Google Plus, Pinterest, and Live Journal. We show that the distribution of first significant digits of friend and follower counts for users in these systems follow Benford's Law. The same holds for the number of posts users make. We extend this to egocentric networks, showing that friend counts among the people in an individual's social network also follow the expected distribution. We discuss how this can be used to detect suspicious or fraudulent activity online and to validate datasets.
Fractional conservation laws in optimal control theory
Gastao S. F. Frederico; Delfim F. M. Torres
2007-11-05
Using the recent formulation of Noether's theorem for the problems of the calculus of variations with fractional derivatives, the Lagrange multiplier technique, and the fractional Euler-Lagrange equations, we prove a Noether-like theorem to the more general context of the fractional optimal control. As a corollary, it follows that in the fractional case the autonomous Hamiltonian does not define anymore a conservation law. Instead, it is proved that the fractional conservation law adds to the Hamiltonian a new term which depends on the fractional-order of differentiation, the generalized momentum, and the fractional derivative of the state variable.
Occupational safety and health law handbook
Sarvadi, D.G. [ed.; Keller; Heckman
1999-09-01
This book reviews the regulations and standards governing the protection of employees in the workplace and provides insight into dealing with pertinent regulations and regulatory authorities. Written for safety professionals, industrial hygienists, human resource professionals, attorneys, and students, this companion to Government Institutes' best-selling ``Environmental Law Handbook'' offers the legal fundamentals behind occupational safety and health laws in one concise and authoritative volume. In 19 chapters, the authoring law firm of Keller and Heckman cover the OSHAct and its development; OSHA, NIOSH, and OSHRC; the roles played by other regulatory agencies; the OSHA rulemaking process; OSHA Standards and the General Duty Clause; record keeping and reporting; employers' and employees' rights; inspections; violations, penalties, and how to contest them; criminal prosecutions; state plans; industry-specific issues; OSHA reform; and international regulations and standards. This book references approximately 400 seminal OSHA legal decisions from the approximately 1,300 cases on record and includes coverage of Canadian and European Community regulations, making it the first comprehensive global overview of occupational safety and health law.
International College of Business, Economics and Law
Harman, Neal.A.
, to labour market economics, and fraudulent claims in insurance law. The broad spectrum of research activity in Business include: Â· Centre of Consumer Confidence Studies (CCCS) Â· Finance and Risk Management Â· Institute-Business Research (CeBR) Â· Technology and Innovation Management Research groups in Economics include: Â· Labour
law.wayne.edu Admissions Bulletin
Berdichevsky, Victor
Abbatt, '83 Hon. Nancy G. Edmunds, '76 Hon. Marilyn Kelly, '71 Thomas G. Kienbaum, '68 E. Powell Miller, '57 Maurice S. Binkow Richard J. Burstein, '69 Robert M. Carson, '68 Eric T. Carver, '97 Ina C. Cohen are a family here." -- Jocelyn Benson Dean " introduction02 Jocelyn Benson was named dean of Wayne Law in June
International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and
Wolf, Aaron
1 23 International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics ISSN 1567-9764 Int Environ Service ICC 301, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20057, USA A. Drieschova Department of Political ``traditional'' issues such as hydro- power, water allocation and irrigation are still important
Today's Material Gauss' Law and Flux
Ashlock, Dan
Field Lines' #12;© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. The Concept of Flux Consider a box surrounding a region;© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. The Concept of Flux Consider a box surrounding a region of space. We can.1 22.3 Next lecture · More on Gauss's law #12;Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing
Selected Bibliography Law, Information Policy, and
California at Santa Barbara, University of
Selected Bibliography on Law, Information Policy, and Spatial Databases Compiled by: Harlan J 04469-5711 National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis Report 94-2 #12;ii Preface, Information Policy, and Spatial Databases. Articles have been placed within one of the following categories: 1
Patent Law and Complementary Innovations Yann Mnirey
Boyer, Edmond
Patent Law and Complementary Innovations Yann Ménièrey CERNA, Ecole Nationale Supérieure des mines: Innovation, Patent, R&D, Complementarity I am grateful to John Barton, Matthieu Glachant, François Lévêque #12;The patent system was initially designed to provide incentives to develop stand-alone innovations
A Taxonomy of Tort Law Defences
Wolfe, Patrick J.
467 19 A Taxonomy of Tort Law Defences James Goudkamp* Introduction This chapter addresses defences". A taxonomy of defences will then be delineated. Thereafter, it will be suggested how a substantial number of defences should be categorised within the taxonomy. The analysis here will be illustrated with examples
QER- Comment of Western Environmental Law Center
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
To whom it may concern, I provided the following comments at the public meeting in Santa Fe, NM on 8/11/14: My name is Thomas Singer, and I am a Senior Policy Advisor at the Western Environmental Law Center.
Wien's Displacement Law in Rindler Space
De, Sanchari; Ghosh, Sutapa; Chakrabarty, Somenath
2015-01-01
In this article we have developed a formalism to obtained the modified form of Wien's displacement law when the wall of the enclosure containing a photon gas is expanding adiabatically with a uniform acceleration. We have also studied the gravitational redshift of photons inside the enclosure using the prescription of extended relativistic dynamics with an upper limit of acceleration.
On multitemporal generalization of Newton's gravitational law
V. D. Ivashchuk
2009-05-15
A n-time generalization of Newton's law (of universal gravitation) formula in N =n + d + 1-dimensional space-time is conjectured. This formula implies a relation for effective N-dimensional gravitational constant G_{eff} = G cos^2 \\theta, where \\theta is the angle between the direction of motion of two particles in n-dimensional time manifold R^n.
Diffusion Processes Satisfying a Conservation Law Constraint
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Bakosi, J.; Ristorcelli, J. R.
2014-03-04
We investigate coupled stochastic differential equations governing N non-negative continuous random variables that satisfy a conservation principle. In various fields a conservation law requires that a set of fluctuating variables be non-negative and (if appropriately normalized) sum to one. As a result, any stochastic differential equation model to be realizable must not produce events outside of the allowed sample space. We develop a set of constraints on the drift and diffusion terms of such stochastic models to ensure that both the non-negativity and the unit-sum conservation law constraint are satisfied as the variables evolve in time. We investigate the consequencesmore »of the developed constraints on the Fokker-Planck equation, the associated system of stochastic differential equations, and the evolution equations of the first four moments of the probability density function. We show that random variables, satisfying a conservation law constraint, represented by stochastic diffusion processes, must have diffusion terms that are coupled and nonlinear. The set of constraints developed enables the development of statistical representations of fluctuating variables satisfying a conservation law. We exemplify the results with the bivariate beta process and the multivariate Wright-Fisher, Dirichlet, and Lochner’s generalized Dirichlet processes.« less
New York City Bar Environmental Law Committee
Columbia University
1 New York City Bar Environmental Law Committee A Public Debate: Is Thermal Treatment of Solid Wastes Good for New York City? March 22, 2007 New York City Bar Association Great Hall 42 West 44th Street, New York, NY Nickolas J. Themelis (njt1@columbia.edu; www.columbia.edu/cu/earth; www
Using Newton's Law for Dark Energy
Paul Frampton
2012-09-24
A model is introduced in which Newton's law is modified between matter and dark energy corpuscles (DECs). The model predicts that the DEC component is presently decelerating in its expansion at 14% of the magnitude of the matter expansion acceleration. In the future, expansion of the DEC universe will continue to decelerate.
the University of New Hampshire ("UNH") and Franklin Pierce Law Center provides that the Law Center will become the University of New Hampshire School of Law ("UNH School of Law") and that the two institutions will work
Power-laws and Non-Power-laws in Dark Matter Halos
R. N. Henriksen
2006-09-05
Simulated dark matter profiles are often modelled as a `NFW' density profile rather than a single power law. Recently, attention has turned to the rather rigorous power-law behaviour exhibited by the `pseudo phase-space density' of the dark matter halo, which is defined dimensionally in terms of the local density and velocity dispersion of the dark matter particles. The non-power-law behaviour of the density profile is generally taken to exclude simple scale-free, in-fall models; however the power-law behaviour of the `pseudo-density' is a counter indication. We argue in this paper that both behaviours may be at least qualitatively understood in terms of a dynamically evolving self-similarity, rather than the form for self-similar infall that is fixed by cosmological initial conditions. The evolution is likely due to collective relaxation such as that provided by the radial-orbit instability on large scales. We deduce, from a distribution function given by first order coarse-graining, both the NFW-type density profile and the power-law pseudo-density profile. The results are not greatly sensitive to variation about 3 in the power of the velocity dispersion used in the definition of the phase space pseudo-density. We suggest that the power 2 may create the more physical quantity, whose deviations from a power-law are a diagnostic of incomplete relaxation.
QER - Comment of Environmental Law & Policy Center | Department...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Environmental Law & Policy Center QER - Comment of Environmental Law & Policy Center From: Stephanie Chase SChase@elpc.org Sent: Friday, October 10, 2014 6:02 PM To: QERcomments...
The Constitutionality of Kansas Laws Targeting Sex Offenders
McAllister, Stephen R.
1997-01-01
Kansas, like many States, has enacted various laws in the past several years responding to concerns about sex offenders and public safety. Most prominent are state laws that substantially increase the criminal punishment ...
Tests of the Gravitational Inverse-Square Law
E. G. Adelberger; B. R. Heckel; A. E. Nelson
2003-07-22
We review recent experimental tests of the gravitational inverse-square law and the wide variety of theoretical considerations that suggest the law may break down in experimentally accessible regions.
TRANSBOUNDARY GROUNDWATER AND INTERNATIONAL LAW: PAST PRACTICES AND CURRENT IMPLICATIONS
Wolf, Aaron
TRANSBOUNDARY GROUNDWATER AND INTERNATIONAL LAW: PAST PRACTICES AND CURRENT IMPLICATIONS By Kyoko........................................................................................................................................ 1 2. The Notion of Transboundary Groundwater................................................................................... 3 3. Evolution of International Groundwater Management in Environmental Law
Derrick A. Bell Jr., RACE, RACISM AND AMERICAN LAW
Payne, William
1983-01-01
Derrick A. Bell Jr. , RACE, RACISM AND AMERICAN LAW. Little,1. D. A. BELL JR. , RACE, RACISM AND AMERICAN LAW xxvii (2dhereinafter cited as BFLL, Racism]. 2. Id. at xxiv. 3. Id.
Aliens in Medieval Law: The Origins of Modern Citizenship (review)
Turner, Wendy J.
2001-01-01
REVIEWS Keechang Kim, Aliens in Medieval Law: The Origins ofhis thought-provoking work Aliens in Medieval Law, Keechangmedieval world to citizen and alien at the beginning of the
Forensic imaging tools for law enforcement
SMITHPETER,COLIN L.; SANDISON,DAVID R.; VARGO,TIMOTHY D.
2000-01-01
Conventional methods of gathering forensic evidence at crime scenes are encumbered by difficulties that limit local law enforcement efforts to apprehend offenders and bring them to justice. Working with a local law-enforcement agency, Sandia National Laboratories has developed a prototype multispectral imaging system that can speed up the investigative search task and provide additional and more accurate evidence. The system, called the Criminalistics Light-imaging Unit (CLU), has demonstrated the capabilities of locating fluorescing evidence at crime scenes under normal lighting conditions and of imaging other types of evidence, such as untreated fingerprints, by direct white-light reflectance. CLU employs state of the art technology that provides for viewing and recording of the entire search process on videotape. This report describes the work performed by Sandia to design, build, evaluate, and commercialize CLU.
Maxwell's equal area law for Lovelock Thermodynamics
Xu, Hao
2015-01-01
We present the construction of Maxwell's equal area law for the Guass-Bonnet AdS black holes in $d=5,6$ and third order Lovelock AdS black holes in $d=7,8$. The equal area law can be used to find the number and location of the points of intersection in the plots of Gibbs free energy, so that we can get the thermodynamically preferred solution which corresponds to the first order phase transition. We have the radius of the small and larger black holes in the phase transition which share the same Gibbs free energy. The latent heat can also be calculated. For the third order Lovelock AdS black holes in $d=8$, the first order phase transition can be found in $T_t
Maxwell's equal area law for Lovelock Thermodynamics
Hao Xu; Zhen-Ming Xu
2015-10-22
We present the construction of Maxwell's equal area law for the Guass-Bonnet AdS black holes in $d=5,6$ and third order Lovelock AdS black holes in $d=7,8$. The equal area law can be used to find the number and location of the points of intersection in the plots of Gibbs free energy, so that we can get the thermodynamically preferred solution which corresponds to the first order phase transition. We have the radius of the small and larger black holes in the phase transition which share the same Gibbs free energy. The latent heat can also be calculated. For the third order Lovelock AdS black holes in $d=8$, the first order phase transition can be found in $T_t
Scaling laws of solar and stellar flares
Markus J. Aschwanden; Robert A. Stern; Manuel Güdel
2007-10-12
In this study we compile for the first time comprehensive data sets of solar and stellar flare parameters, including flare peak temperatures T_p, flare peak volume emission measures EM_p, and flare durations t_f from both solar and stellar data, as well as flare length scales L from solar data. Key results are that both the solar and stellar data are consistent with a common scaling law of EM_p ~ T_p^4.7, but the stellar flares exhibit ~250 times higher emission measures (at the same flare peak temperature). For solar flares we observe also systematic trends for the flare length scale L(T_p) ~ T_p^0.9 and the flare duration t_F(T_p) ~ T_p^0.9 as a function of the flare peak temperature. Using the theoretical RTV scaling law and the fractal volume scaling observed for solar flares, i.e., V(L) ~ L^2.4, we predict a scaling law of EM_p ~ T_p^4.3, which is consistent with observations, and a scaling law for electron densities in flare loops, n_p ~ T_p^2/L ~ T_p^1.1. The RTV-predicted electron densities were also found to be consistent with densities inferred from total emission measures, n_p=(EM_p/q_V*V)^1/2, using volume filling factors of q_V=0.03-0.08 constrained by fractal dimensions measured in solar flares. Our results affect also the determination of radiative and conductive cooling times, thermal energies, and frequency distributions of solar and stellar flare energies.
Fractal Weyl law for Linux Kernel Architecture
L. Ermann; A. D. Chepelianskii; D. L. Shepelyansky
2010-09-16
We study the properties of spectrum and eigenstates of the Google matrix of a directed network formed by the procedure calls in the Linux Kernel. Our results obtained for various versions of the Linux Kernel show that the spectrum is characterized by the fractal Weyl law established recently for systems of quantum chaotic scattering and the Perron-Frobenius operators of dynamical maps. The fractal Weyl exponent is found to be $\
Local semicircle law for random regular graphs
Roland Bauerschmidt; Antti Knowles; Horng-Tzer Yau
2015-05-26
We consider random $d$-regular graphs on $N$ vertices, with degree $d$ at least $(\\log N)^4$. We prove that the Green's function of the adjacency matrix and the Stieltjes transform of its empirical spectral measure are well approximated by Wigner's semicircle law, down to the optimal scale given by the typical eigenvalue spacing (up to a logarithmic correction). Aside from well-known consequences for the local eigenvalue distribution, this result implies the complete delocalization of all eigenvectors.
Covariant Balance Laws in Continua with Microstructure
Arash Yavari; Jerrold E. Marsden
2008-11-13
The purpose of this paper is to extend the Green-Naghdi-Rivlin balance of energy method to continua with microstructure. The key idea is to replace the group of Galilean transformations with the group of diffeomorphisms of the ambient space. A key advantage is that one obtains in a natural way all the needed balance laws on both the macro and micro levels along with two Doyle-Erickson formulas.
Laws of thermodynamics and game theory
Lev Sakhnovich
2011-05-23
Using a game theory approach and a new extremal problem, Gibbs formula is proved in a most simple and general way for the classical mechanics case. A corresponding conjecture on the asymptotics of the classical entropy is formulated. For the ordinary quantum mechanics case, the third law of thermodynamics is derived. Some results on the number of ground states and residual entropy are obtained rigorously.
Simple scaling laws for astrophysical jets
M. Huarte-Espinosa; S. Mendoza
2006-07-15
The idea of a unified model for all astrophysical jets has been considered for quite some time. We present here a few scaling laws relevant to all type of astrophysical jets, analogous to those of \\citet{sams96} which are widely used for astrophysical black holes. We use Buckingham's $ \\Pi $ theorem of dimensional analysis to obtain a family of dimensional relations among the physical quantities associated to astrophysical jets.
The Bayesian Second Law of Thermodynamics
Bartolotta, Anthony; Leichenauer, Stefan; Pollack, Jason
2015-01-01
We derive a generalization of the Second Law of Thermodynamics that uses Bayesian updates to explicitly incorporate the effects of a measurement of a system at some point in its evolution. By allowing an experimenter's knowledge to be updated by the measurement process, this formulation resolves a tension between the fact that the entropy of a statistical system can sometimes fluctuate downward and the information-theoretic idea that knowledge of a stochastically-evolving system degrades over time. The Bayesian Second Law can be written as $\\Delta H(\\rho_m, \\rho) + \\langle \\mathcal{Q}\\rangle_{F|m}\\geq 0$, where $\\Delta H(\\rho_m, \\rho)$ is the change in the cross entropy between the original phase-space probability distribution $\\rho$ and the measurement-updated distribution $\\rho_m$, and $\\langle \\mathcal{Q}\\rangle_{F|m}$ is the expectation value of a generalized heat flow out of the system. We also derive refined versions of the Second Law that bound the entropy increase from below by a non-negative number, ...
Law, Technology and the Environment in natural resource management
Law, Technology and the Environment in natural resource management: Forestry and illegal logging* May 2003 *E.P. Toyne. (in press). Law, Technology and the Environment in natural resource management://www.illegal-logging.info/uploads/paultoyne.pdf #12;INTRODUCTION In an ideal world there would be the combined application of law and technology
Law, Technology and the Environment in natural resource management
Law, Technology and the Environment in natural resource management: Forestry and illegal logging* May 2003 *E.P. Toyne. (in press). Law, Technology and the Environment in natural resource management;INTRODUCTION In an ideal world there would be the combined application of law and technology leading
Inconsistent Application of Environmental Laws and Policies to California's Oak
Inconsistent Application of Environmental Laws and Policies to California's Oak Woodlands1 Gregory of environmental laws and policies to California's oak woodlands and associated resources. Specifically, large of Environmental Laws and Policies to California's Oak Woodlands-- Giusti and Merenlender Oaks continue
Fletcher, Robin
Law Queen's R E P O R T S Criminal Law at Queen's: 50 Years of Leadership in Teaching Manager of Records, Registration and Communications deanna Morash Director, Career Services nancy Somers T S C O V E R S T O R Y 8 Criminal Law at Queen's: 50 Years of Leadership in Teaching and Scholarship F
Fourier's Law for a Harmonic Crystal with Selfconsistent Stochastic Reservoirs
Roma "La Sapienza", Università di
Fourier's Law for a Harmonic Crystal with Selfconsistent Stochastic Reservoirs Federico Bonetto. The corresponding heat cur rent satisfies Fourier's law with a finite positive thermal conductivity which can also words: Fourier's law; harmonic crystal; nonequilibrium systems; ther modynamic limit; Green
Curriculum Policy of the Graduate School of Law Master's Program
Banbara, Mutsunori
Curriculum Policy of the Graduate School of Law Master's Program Advanced Program Through special on writing their doctoral thesis in seminars. #12;2L: 2nd year in the curriculum for students without basic knowledge of law, 1st year in the curriculum for students with basic knowledge of law 3L: 3rd year
Power laws in economics and elsewhere J. Doyne Farmer
Power laws in economics and elsewhere J. Doyne Farmer and John Geanakoplos May 14, 2008 Abstract We review power laws in financial economics. This is a chapter from a preliminary draft of a book called of it applies to power laws in general the nouns may change, but the underlying questions are similar in many
UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND FRANCIS KING CAREY SCHOOL OF LAW
Weber, David J.
with students. You can be part of a top ranked program in health law, environmental law, clinical law or trial/teachers, engaged in high impact research on some of the most pressing issues of the day. In the classroom "Is religious liberty a universally valid principle that can somehow be separated from politics, power
MINOR IN PSYCHOLOGY AND LAW The Minor requires 24 UNITS.
Zhou, Xianghong Jasmine
MINOR IN PSYCHOLOGY AND LAW The Minor requires 24 UNITS. Note: Minors must consist requirement. Psychology majors must take at least four courses in departments outside of Psychology toward to Psychology LAW 200 Law and Society Choose two from the following list: * PSYC 301L Cognitive
FACULTY OF LAW www.philadelphia.edu.jo
FACULTY OF LAW STU D ENT HANDB O OK www.philadelphia.edu.jo www.philadelphia.edu.jo/elaw 2005 General and Important Directions for the Students 19 The Mission of Philadelphia Univer- sity 4 Law of Law at Philadelphia University is happy to present this handbook for you to be a mean of communication
Center for National Security Law SELECTED FURTHER RESOURCES
Huang, Wei
Center for National Security Law SELECTED FURTHER RESOURCES Articles Careers in National Security) Brown, The National Security Council: A Legal History (2008) Fernández-Sánchez, International Legal National Security Law Report) #12;Key Resources ABA National Security Law Report DC District Court
On the First Law of Geography: A Reply Waldo Tobler
Tobler, Waldo
F O R U M On the First Law of Geography: A Reply Waldo Tobler Geography Department, University at a panel on the first law of geography organized by him at the 2003 AAG meeting in New Orleans. The comments seem to fall into two camps: some reject the idea of ``laws'' in geography, and others feel
Energy scaling laws for conically constrained thin elastic Jeremy Brandman
Energy scaling laws for conically constrained thin elastic sheets Jeremy Brandman , Robert V. Kohn Classification: 74B20, 74K20 Keywords: d-cone, thin elastic sheets, energy scaling laws 1 Introduction 1 consistent with a conical deformation? In particular: Â What is the elastic energy scaling law
Kallenrode, May-Britt
Law, Language, and Culture! 3rd International Osnabrück Graduate Summer School on the Cultural://www.blogs.uni-osnabrueck.de/lawandculture/!! The 3rd Graduate Summer School on Law, Language, and Culture aims to further promote
Title Rules of the School of Law Category Honor Code and Rules of the School of Law
Zhuang, Yu
of the School of Law expects that students will conduct themselves in a manner that is above reproach at all
Slide 1www.kostic.niu.edu The Second LawThe Second Law of Energy Degradationof Energy Degradation
Kostic, Milivoje M.
1 Slide 1www.kostic.niu.edu The Second LawThe Second Law of Energy Degradationof Energy Degradation.kostic.niu.edu/Kosticwww.kostic.niu.edu/Kostic--2nd2nd--LawLaw--Bio_Inteligence.htmBio_Inteligence.htm CarnotCarnot 18241824 Heat EngineHeat Engine will providewill provide visionvision for the future energy solutionsfor the future energy solutions ... a
Statistical test of Duane-Hunt's law and its comparison with an alternative law
Milan Perkovac
2010-10-28
Using Pearson correlation coefficient a statistical analysis of Duane-Hunt and Kulenkampff's measurement results was performed. This analysis reveals that empirically based Duane-Hunt's law is not entirely consistent with the measurement data. The author has theoretically found the action of electromagnetic oscillators, which corresponds to Planck's constant, and also has found an alternative law based on the classical theory. Using the same statistical method, this alternative law is likewise tested, and it is proved that the alternative law is completely in accordance with the measurements. The alternative law gives a relativistic expression for the energy of electromagnetic wave emitted or absorbed by atoms and proves that the empirically derived Planck-Einstein's expression is only valid for relatively low frequencies. Wave equation, which is similar to the Schr\\"odinger equation, and wavelength of the standing electromagnetic wave are also established by the author's analysis. For a relatively low energy this wavelength becomes equal to the de Broglie wavelength. Without any quantum conditions, the author made a formula similar to the Rydberg's formula, which can be applied to the all known atoms, neutrons and some hyperons.
Generalized entropies and the expansion law of the universe
Fatemeh Lalehgani Dezaki; Behrouz Mirza
2015-07-04
We suggest that using the first law of thermodynamics is a convenient method to obtain a correct form of the expansion law of the universe \\cite{T. Padmanabhan1}. We will, then, use this idea to obtain the expansion law for a Kodama observer. By using the expansion law for a Kodama observer, we can obtain the dynamic equation of the FRW universe for deformed Horava-Lifshitz gravity. The use of the first law of thermodynamics also leads to a new approach for obtaining the Friedmann equations for f(R) and scalar tensor gravities.
Cooke, Stephen D.
1982-01-01
Japanese Environmental Policy and Law, ENVIRONMENTAL LAW ANDthe laws and policies controlling environmental problems 3cornerstone of Japanese environmental policy, the Basic Law
Inferring the Rate-Length Law of Protein Folding
Lane, Thomas J
2013-01-01
We investigate the rate-length scaling law of protein folding, a key undetermined scaling law in the analytical theory of protein folding. We demonstrate that chain length is a dominant factor determining folding times, and that the unambiguous determination of the way chain length corre- lates with folding times could provide key mechanistic insight into the folding process. Four specific proposed laws (power law, exponential, and two stretched exponentials) are tested against one an- other, and it is found that the power law best explains the data. At the same time, the fit power law results in rates that are very fast, nearly unreasonably so in a biological context. We show that any of the proposed forms are viable, conclude that more data is necessary to unequivocally infer the rate-length law, and that such data could be obtained through a small number of protein folding experiments on large protein domains.
Validity of Thermodynamical Laws in Dark Energy Filled Universe
Samarpita Bhattacharya; Ujjal Debnath
2010-12-26
We have considered the flat FRW model of the universe which is filled with only dark energy. The general descriptions of first and second laws of thermodynamics are investigated on the apparent horizon and event horizon of the universe. We have assumed the equation of state of three different types of dark energy models. We have examined the validity of first and second laws of thermodynamics on apparent and event horizons for these dark energies. For these dark energy models, it has been found that on the apparent horizon, first and second laws are always valid. On the event horizon, the laws are break down for dark energy models 1 and 2. For model 3, first law cannot be satisfied on the event horizon, but second law may be satisfied at the late stage of the evolution of the universe and so the validity of second law on the event horizon depends on the values of the parameters only.
Fractal Weyl law for chaotic microcavities: Fresnel's laws imply multifractal scattering
Jan Wiersig; Jörg Main
2007-12-21
We demonstrate that the harmonic inversion technique is a powerful tool to analyze the spectral properties of optical microcavities. As an interesting example we study the statistical properties of complex frequencies of the fully chaotic microstadium. We show that the conjectured fractal Weyl law for open chaotic systems [W. T. Lu, S. Sridhar, and M. Zworski, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 154101 (2003)] is valid for dielectric microcavities only if the concept of the chaotic repeller is extended to a multifractal by incorporating Fresnel's laws.
Is violation of Newton's second law possible?
A. Yu. Ignatiev
2007-03-11
Astrophysical observations (usually explained by dark matter) suggest that classical mechanics could break down when the acceleration becomes extremely small (the approach known as modified Newtonian dynamics, or MOND). I present the first analysis of MOND manifestations in terrestrial (rather than astrophysical) settings. A new effect is reported: around each equinox date, 2 spots emerge on the Earth where static bodies experience spontaneous acceleration due to the possible violation of Newton's second law. Preliminary estimates indicate that an experimental search for this effect can be feasible.
Planck's Radiation Law in the Quantized Universe
Rainer Collier
2014-09-15
Physical research looks for clues to quantum properties of the gravitational field. On the basis of the common Schr\\"odinger theory, a simple model of the quantization of a Friedmann universe comprising dust and radiation is investigated. With regard to energy quantization, the result suggests a universal limitation of the energy spacing between neighbouring quantum states by the Planck energy. Applied to black-body radiation, a modified Planck radiation law follows. If this could be verified in the laboratory, it would provide a direct hint at quantum properties of the space-time manifold.
"Irregularization" of Systems of Conservation Laws
Hunter Swan; Woosong Choi; Stefanos Papanikolaou; Matthew Bierbaum; Yong S. Chen; James P. Sethna
2015-06-18
We explore new ways of regulating defect behavior in systems of conservation laws. Contrary to usual regularization schemes (such as a vanishing viscosity limit), which attempt to control defects by making them smoother, our schemes result in defects which are \\textit{more singular}, and we thus refer to such schemes as "irregularizations". In particular, we seek to produce \\textit{delta shock} defects which satisfy a condition of \\textit{stationarity}. We are motivated to pursue such exotic defects by a physical example arising from dislocation dynamics in materials physics, which we describe.
Holographic Space-time and Newton's Law
Tom Banks; Willy Fischler
2013-10-25
We derive Newton's Law from the formalism of Holographic Space-Time (HST). More precisely, we show that for a large class of Hamiltonians of the type proposed previously for the HST description of a geodesic in Minkowski space, the eikonal for scattering of two massless particles at large impact parameter scales as expected with the impact parameter and the energies of the particles in the center of mass (CM) frame. We also discuss the criteria for black hole production in this collision, and find an estimate, purely within the HST framework, for the impact parameter at which it sets in, which coincides with the estimate based on general relativity.
Laws DOE Administers | Department of Energy
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousand CubicResourcelogo and- EnergyNews Â»withNuclearLawrencesLaws
The Third Law of Galactic Rotation
Stacy S. McGaugh
2014-12-11
I review the connection between dynamics and the baryonic mass distribution in rotationally supported galaxies. The enclosed dynamical mass-to-light ratio increases with decreasing galaxy luminosity and surface brightness. The correlation with surface brightness appears to be the more fundamental, with the dependence on luminosity following simply from the weaker correlation between luminosity and surface brightness. In addition to this global relation, there is also a local relation between the amplitude of the mass discrepancy and the acceleration predicted by the observed distribution of baryons. I provide an empirical calibration of this mass discrepancy-acceleration relation. The data are consistent with the operation of a singe effective force law in disk galaxies, making this relation tantamount to a natural law. I further provide formulae by which the radial dark matter distribution can be estimated from surface photometry. The form of the dark matter halo depends uniquely on the distribution of baryons in each galaxy, and in general is neither a cusp nor a core. It remains difficult to see how galaxy formation models can reproduce the observed behavior, which is uniquely predicted by MOND.
Power-law Spatial Dispersion from Fractional Liouville Equation
Vasily E. Tarasov
2013-07-18
A microscopic model in the framework of fractional kinetics to describe spatial dispersion of power-law type is suggested. The Liouville equation with the Caputo fractional derivatives is used to obtain the power-law dependence of the absolute permittivity on the wave vector. The fractional differential equations for electrostatic potential in the media with power-law spatial dispersion are derived. The particular solutions of these equations for the electric potential of point charge in this media are considered.
Informal Care and Private Law: Governance or a Failure Thereof?
Sloan, Brian
2015-01-01
and Support Bill: Report (London: Stationery Offi ce, 2013) at para 41, online: United Kingdom Parliament . 8. Brian Sloan, Informal Carers and Private Law (Oxford: Hart... ) [Fineman, Th e Autonomy Myth]. See also e.g. Jonathan Herring, Caring and the Law (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2013) [Herring, Caring and the Law]. 11. See generally Commission on Funding of Care and Support, supra note 4. C.f. the duty contained in Care...
Power-law spatial dispersion from fractional Liouville equation
Tarasov, Vasily E. [Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation)] [Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation)
2013-10-15
A microscopic model in the framework of fractional kinetics to describe spatial dispersion of power-law type is suggested. The Liouville equation with the Caputo fractional derivatives is used to obtain the power-law dependence of the absolute permittivity on the wave vector. The fractional differential equations for electrostatic potential in the media with power-law spatial dispersion are derived. The particular solutions of these equations for the electric potential of point charge in this media are considered.
Commercial Feedings Stuffs 1913: Feed Law.
Youngblood, B.
1914-01-01
EXPERIMENT STATION B u l l e t in Bul eti A p r i l , 1914 FEED CONTROL SERVICE Commercial Feeding Stuffs 1913 FEED LAW nAprA,,E.Hs .uLLJaJ pRTRSuWm KyTouP .uCWRhm rJgTPl 3AB KA0.0OMBBIFABHp .Alm ndEBrHdpm MfprEBm rH1Mp AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL... COLLEGE OF TEXAS . 9 T y L J P n C y h J T y m President Pro Tern. rH1Mp M4dE.fxrfdMx H1nHdEOHBr prMrEAB BOARD OF DIRECTORS Hl Kl . CP9SWam Presidentm GuCPRuWllll lllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll r...
Paradoxical Interpretations of Urban Scaling Laws
Cottineau, Clementine; Arcaute, Elsa; Batty, Michael
2015-01-01
Scaling laws are powerful summaries of the variations of urban attributes with city size. However, the validity of their universal meaning for cities is hampered by the observation that different scaling regimes can be encountered for the same territory, time and attribute, depending on the criteria used to delineate cities. The aim of this paper is to present new insights concerning this variation, coupled with a sensitivity analysis of urban scaling in France, for several socio-economic and infrastructural attributes from data collected exhaustively at the local level. The sensitivity analysis considers different aggregations of local units for which data are given by the Population Census. We produce a large variety of definitions of cities (approximatively 5000) by aggregating local Census units corresponding to the systematic combination of three definitional criteria: density, commuting flows and population cutoffs. We then measure the magnitude of scaling estimations and their sensitivity to city defin...
Filament velocity scaling laws for warm ions
Manz, P.; Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Assoziation, Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching ; Carralero, D.; Birkenmeier, G.; Müller, H. W.; Scott, B. D.; Müller, S. H.; Fuchert, G.; Stroth, U.; Physik-Department E28, Technische Universität München, James-Franck-Str. 1, 85748 Garching
2013-10-15
The dynamics of filaments or blobs in the scrape-off layer of magnetic fusion devices are studied by magnitude estimates of a comprehensive drift-interchange-Alfvén fluid model. The standard blob models are reproduced in the cold ion case. Even though usually neglected, in the scrape-off layer, the ion temperature can exceed the electron temperature by an order of magnitude. The ion pressure affects the dynamics of filaments amongst others by adding up to the interchange drive and the polarisation current. It is shown how both effects modify the scaling laws for filament velocity in dependence of its size. Simplifications for experimentally relevant limit regimes are given. These are the sheath dissipation, collisional, and electromagnetic regime.
Arms control and the rule of law
Tanzman, E.A.
1995-03-01
Many who speak of the end of the Cold War emphasize the warming of international relations when they speak of the momentous consequences of this event. According to this image, the half century since Trinity has been a period of sparse international communication during which the Eastern and Western blocs hibernated in their isolated dens of security alliances. Yet it is equally valid to consider the implications of the end of the war footing that has underlain the policies of all of the major military powers during the last fifty years. While meaningful international dialogue was in a state of relative lethargy during much of this period, the military establishments of the Great Powers were actively engaged in using as much force as possible in their efforts to control world affairs, short of triggering a nuclear holocaust. International discourse, at least in English, was rife with such military images as appeasement, containment, crisis stability, and tripwires. From the military posture of the U.S. and Russia a tense peace ironically emerged, but the terms by which decisions were made about controlling weapons of mass destruction (i.e., nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons) were the terms of war. The thesis of this paper is that the end of the Cold War marks a shift away from reliance on military might toward an international commitment to control weapons of mass destruction through the rule of law developed by John Rawls. The progression of agreements during this century to limit weapons of mass destruction testifies to this new development. A review of arms control agreements that the U.S. is a part of show clear growth of the rule of law as the world has left the Cold War.
Maximum entropy generation in open systems: the Fourth Law?
Umberto Lucia
2010-11-17
This paper develops an analytical and rigorous formulation of the maximum entropy generation principle. The result is suggested as the Fourth Law of Thermodynamics.
Environmental Law in Ukraine: From the Roots to the Bud
Sak, Pamela Bickford
1993-01-01
Belorussians. Roman Solchanyk, Ukraine and Russia: Before13-14. 3. David Marples, Ukraine's Economic Prospects, REP.S.R. Palmer, Privatization in Ukraine: Economics, Law and
Lex Genetica: The Law and Ethics of Programming Biological Code
Burk, DL
2015-01-01
The law and ethics of programming biological code Dan L.biological artifacts. Such programming may include usagerelated to biological programming, the latter technology
THE LAW OF VECTOR FIELDS Daniel H. Gottlieb 1. Introduction ...
2015-10-06
Look at the example of Newton's Law of Gravitation. Here is. a mathematical statement of great simplicity which implies logically vast number. of phenomena of ...
AARP, National Consumer Law Center, and Public Citizen Comments...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
or RFI) on smart grid policy and logistical challenges, published by the Department of Energy (DOE) on September 16, 2010 AARP, National Consumer Law Center, and Public Citizen...
EXTENDED SCHMIDT LAW: ROLE OF EXISTING STARS IN CURRENT STAR...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
We propose an 'extended Schmidt law' with explicit dependence of the star formation efficiency (SFE SFRMsub gas) on the stellar mass surface density (Sigmasub star). This...
Subjects of Privacy: Law, Sexuality and Violence in India
Singh, Pawan
2014-01-01
of California, San Diego Subjects of Privacy: Law, Sexualityan entirely private subject. The underlying suggestion hereMoreover, once the subject of privacy is constituted through
Preemptive Strike: Law in the Campaign for Clean Trucks
Cummings, Scott
2015-01-01
to the approaching transcontinental railroad, which locala law directing the transcontinental railroad to run throughDetermined to bring transcontinental service to Los Angeles,
Gottlieb, David J.; Levy, Richard E.; McAllister, Stephen R.; Peck, John C.; Yenisey, Feridun
1997-05-01
ESSAY Conference on Comparative Law-Recent Developments in European, American, and Turkish Law: "Team Kansas" Goes to Turkey David J Gottlieb· Richard E. Levy·· Stephen R. McAllister··· John C. Peck···· Feridun Yenisey"···· 1. INTRODUCTION From May... 27, 1996 to June I, 1996, the University of Kansas School of Law and Mannara University, with the support of the Dedeman Foundation, co-sponsored an international conference in Istanbul and Ankara, Turkey. The formal title of the Conference was "The...
National Security Law in Hong Kong: Quo Vadis - A Study of Article 23 of the Basic Law of Hong Kong
Fu, H.L.; Cullen, Richard
2002-01-01
future direction of national security legislation in the3. Hualing Fu, The National Security Factor: Putting ArticleCOUNCIL DISCUSSION NATIONAL SECURITY LAW IN HONG KONG regard
Hendricks, Benjamin; VandenBerg, Don A.; Stetson, Peter B.; Dall'Ora, Massimo
2012-07-15
We have used a combination of broadband near-infrared and optical Johnson-Cousins photometry to study the dust properties in the line of sight to the Galactic globular cluster M4. We have investigated the reddening effects in terms of absolute strength and variation across the cluster field, as well as the shape of the reddening law defined by the type of dust. All three aspects had been poorly defined for this system and, consequently, there has been controversy about the absolute distance to this globular cluster, which is closest to the Sun. Here, we determine the ratio of absolute to selective extinction (R{sub V} ) in the line of sight toward M4, which is known to be a useful indicator for the type of dust and therefore characterizes the applicable reddening law. Our method is independent of age assumptions and appears to be significantly more precise and accurate than previous approaches. We obtain A{sub V} /E(B - V) = 3.76 {+-} 0.07 (random error) for the dust in the line of sight to M4 for our set of filters. That corresponds to a dust-type parameter R{sub V} = 3.62 {+-} 0.07 in the Cardelli et al. reddening law. With this value, the distance to M4 is found to be 1.80 {+-} 0.05 kpc, corresponding to a true distance modulus of (m - M){sub 0} = 11.28 {+-} 0.06 (random error). A reddening map for M4 has been created, which reveals a spatial differential reddening of {delta}E(B - V) {>=} 0.2 mag across the field within 10' around the cluster center; this is about 50% of the total mean reddening, which we have determined to be E(B - V) = 0.37 {+-} 0.01. In order to provide accurate zero points for the extinction coefficients of our photometric filters, we investigated the impact of stellar parameters such as temperature, surface gravity, and metallicity on the extinction properties and the necessary corrections in different bandpasses. Using both synthetic ATLAS9 spectra and observed spectral energy distributions, we found similarly sized effects for the range of temperature and surface gravity typical of globular cluster stars: each causes a change of about 3% in the necessary correction factor for each filter combination. Interestingly, variations in the metallicity cause effects of the same order when the assumed value is changed from the solar metallicity ([Fe/H] = 0.0) to [Fe/H] = -2.5. The systematic differences between the reddening corrections for a typical main-sequence turnoff star in a metal poor globular cluster and a Vega-like star are even stronger ({approx}5%). We compared the results from synthetic spectra to those obtained with observed spectral energy distributions and found significant differences for temperatures lower than {approx}5000 K. We have attributed these discrepancies to the inadequate treatment of some molecular bands in the B filter within the ATLAS9 models. Fortunately, these differences do not affect the principal astrophysical conclusions in this study, which are based on stars hotter than 5000 K. From our calculations, we provide extinction zero points for Johnson-Cousins and Two Micron All Sky Survey filters, spanning a wide range of stellar parameters and dust types. These extinction tables are suited for accurate, object-specific extinction corrections.
Law, Logic and Language in Legal Computer Science
Cheng, Eugenia
Law, Logic and Language in Legal Computer Science Michael Heather School of Law University of Northumbria at Newcastle, NE1 8ST, UK B.Nick Rossiter Computing Science Newcastle University, NE1 7RU B.N.Rossiter@ncl.ac.uk November 1995 Abstract Legal computer science requires a theoretical basis which can be realized
New approximate radial wave functions for power-law potentials
Vladimir Kudryashov
2007-09-26
Radial wave functions for power-law potentials are approximated with the help of power-law substitution and explicit summation of the leading constituent WKB series. Our approach reproduces the correct behavior of the wave functions at the origin, at the turning points and far away from the turning points
Law, Technology and Development Opportunities and Challenges in
Strathclyde, University of
Strathclyde Law School "The Politics of Biotechnology Regulation Perceptions of morality, trade, and EU-China and Politics in RiskRegulation of GMOs: A Comparison between the EU and China" 2:45 3:15 Coffee Break 3Law, Technology and Development Opportunities and Challenges in EU-China Relations 11 November 2014
LLM/DIPLOMA EMPLOYMENT LAW MAIN CAMPUS, UNIVERSITY OF LEICESTER
Banaji,. Murad
LLM/DIPLOMA EMPLOYMENT LAW MAIN CAMPUS, UNIVERSITY OF LEICESTER 26 28 September 2014 Induction Floor, Charles Wilson Building on Main Campus, University of Leicester 9.30 10.15 Registration not attend the Foundation Day) #12;LLM/DIPLOMA EMPLOYMENT LAW MAIN CAMPUS, UNIVERSITY OF LEICESTER 26 28
New Guatemala law tries to attract new explorers
Not Available
1984-02-01
With only 6,280 bopd of production and reserves of only 13 million barrels, Guatemala's 25,200 bpd thirst has forced the country to rewrite its petroleum law. Among pluses in the new law are full-cost recovery and prices based on world levels. However, the stiff royalty and no provision for neutral arbitration are significant minuses.
Characterizing Law of Demand Violations for Separable Utility
Alexandrova, Ivana
Characterizing Law of Demand Violations for Separable Utility Yakar Kannai1 and Larry Selden2 1 formulated in terms of utility functions representing un- derlying preferences generating the demand. However, relatively few explicit classes of utility functions have been proposed for which the Law of Demand fails
Carnot Engines, Efficiency, and The Second Law Chemistry 213
Ronis, David M.
Carnot Engines, Efficiency, and The Second Law Chemistry 213 Fig. 1. The Carnot Cycle The Carnot in an isolated system) and the physical statements of the Second Law of Thermodynamics (heat spontaneously flows in the isothermal and adiabatic parts of the Carnot cycle for an ideal gas. 1. Energy in an Ideal Gas: Joule
Entanglement theory and the second law of thermodynamics
Loss, Daniel
ARTICLES Entanglement theory and the second law of thermodynamics FERNANDO G. S. L. BRAND~AO1 aim to draw from them formal analogies to the second law of thermodynamics; however, whereas relationship with thermodynamics may be established when considering all non-entangling transformations
Conservation laws in gravitational theories with general nonminimal coupling
Yuri N. Obukhov; Dirk Puetzfeld
2013-04-18
We use the Lagrange-Noether methods to derive the conservation laws for models in which matter interacts nonminimally with the gravitational field. The nonminimal coupling function can depend arbitrarily on the gravitational field strength. The obtained result generalizes earlier findings. The generalized conservation laws provide the basis for the derivation of the equations of motion for the nonminimally coupled test bodies.
Relic gravitational waves and the generalized second law
German Izquierdo; Diego Pavon
2005-01-12
The generalized second law of gravitational thermodynamics is applied to the present era of accelerated expansion of the Universe. In spite of the fact that the entropy of matter and relic gravitational waves inside the event horizon diminish, the mentioned law is fulfilled provided that the expression for the entropy density of the gravitational waves satisfies a certain condition.
PUSH PULL MIGRATION LAWS x Guido Dorigo* and Waldo Tobler
Tobler, Waldo
PUSH PULL MIGRATION LAWS x Guido Dorigo* and Waldo Tobler Abstract:Themathematicsofapush-pullmodelareshowntoincorporatemanyofRavenstein's laws of migration, to be equivalent to a quadratic transportation problem, and to be related, Helmholz equation, migration theory, quadratic pro- gramming, spatial interaction. It is now approximately
Law and Society in Saint Domingue, 1789-1805
Polk, Katelyn Brune
2013-09-29
, we will explore bigger themes such as the social and political effects of these boundaries on free people of color who resided in these areas. We intend to frame our research by addressing the relationship between law and society. French law (and...
HYPERBOLIC BALANCE LAWS: RIEMANN INVARIANTS AND THE GENERALIZED RIEMANN PROBLEM
HYPERBOLIC BALANCE LAWS: RIEMANN INVARIANTS AND THE GENERALIZED RIEMANN PROBLEM MATANIA BEN-ARTZI AND JIEQUAN LI Abstract. The Generalized Riemann Problem (GRP) for nonlinear hyperbolic system of m balance-resolution) generalization of the Godunov scheme. Key words: Hyperbolic balance laws, Generalized Riemann problem (GRP
Energy Scaling Laws for Distributed Inference in Random Fusion Networks
Yukich, Joseph E.
1 Energy Scaling Laws for Distributed Inference in Random Fusion Networks Animashree Anandkumar Abstract--The energy scaling laws of multihop data fusion networks for distributed inference are considered. The fusion network consists of randomly located sensors distributed i.i.d. according to a general spatial
Chicago-Kent College of Law 565 W. Adams St.
, and Policy is a collaboration among Chicago-Kent public policy experts and IIT technology experts. The Center-Degree Programs J.D./LL.M. in Family Law J.D./LL.M. in Financial Services Law J.D./LL.M. in Taxation With Stuart innovation and creativity. Center for Information, Society, and Policy The Center for Information, Society
Memorandum, Protective Force Law Enforcement Authority- May 1, 2009
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Investigation allegations that contractor procetive force personnel at a DOE site exceeded their legistative ,regulatory, and policy-based authority by providing on-duty, armed off-site assistance to local law enforcement authorites during other than recapture/recovery operations, and by accessing the local law enforcement database for background checks during the course of on-site administrative traffic stops.
Applications of the DFLU flux to systems of conservation laws
Adimurthi, Adimurthi; Jaffré, Jérôme
2009-01-01
The DFLU numerical flux was introduced in order to solve hyperbolic scalar conservation laws with a flux function discontinuous in space. We show how this flux can be used to solve systems of conservation laws. The obtained numerical flux is very close to a Godunov flux. As an example we consider a system modeling polymer flooding in oil reservoir engineering.
Law and Society in Saint Domingue, 1789-1805
Dawson, Brandon
2013-09-29
.............................................................................................3 General Topic.…………………………………………………………………3 Questions……………………………………………………………………....4 Sources……………………………………………………………………...…4 General Argument……………………………..……………….…………...…4 Chapter Overview……………………………………………………………..5 II THE LIBERAL REVOLUTION..., those with sufficient means circumvented these regulations, creating a gap between what laws prescribed and lived experience. This era demonstrates a complex and often inconsistent relationship between law and society. Exploring these inconsistencies...
Department of Geography By-Laws 2007 Department of Geography
McQuade, D. Tyler
Department of Geography By-Laws 2007 1 By-Laws Department of Geography Florida State University 2017 unless reviewed and approved by a majority of faculty The mission of the Department of Geography in geography and related disciplines; and to be available as a public service to the local community. These by
Extending Newton's Law from Nonlocal-in-Time Kinetic Energy
Extending Newton's Law from Nonlocal-in-Time Kinetic Energy J.A.K. Suykens K.U. Leuven, ESAT: nonlocal-in-time kinetic energy, higher order Euler-Lagrange equation, Newton's sec- ond law of motion the kinetic energy with a form of nonlocal-in-time kinetic energy. It leads to a hypothetical extension
Anisotropic Dark Energy and the Generalized Second Law of Thermodynamics
M. Sharif; Farida Khanum
2011-11-12
We consider a Bianchi type $I$ model in which anisotropic dark energy is interacting with dark matter and anisotropic radiation. With this scenario, we investigate the validity of the generalized second law of thermodynamics. It is concluded that the validity of this law depends on different parameters like shear, skewness and equation of state.
Health, Law & Justice Justice Brandeis Semester Summer 2015
Snider, Barry B.
Health, Law & Justice Justice Brandeis Semester Summer 2015 Instructors: Sarah Elisabeth Curi, JD on Tuesdays and Thursdays Outline of Course Syllabus - subject to revision Health, Law & Justice curious to learn more about health care in the U.S. This JBS merges two highly participatory seminars
Power-law connections: From Zipf to Heaps and beyond
Eliazar, Iddo I.; Cohen, Morrel H.
2013-05-15
In this paper we explore the asymptotic statistics of a general model of rank distributions in the large-ensemble limit; the construction of the general model is motivated by recent empirical studies of rank distributions. Applying Lorenzian, oligarchic, and Heapsian asymptotic analyses we establish a comprehensive set of closed-form results linking together rank distributions, probability distributions, oligarchy sizes, and innovation rates. In particular, the general results reveal the fundamental underlying connections between Zipf’s law, Pareto’s law, and Heaps’ law—three elemental empirical power-laws that are ubiquitously observed in the sciences. -- Highlights: ? The large-ensemble asymptotic statistics of rank distributions are explored. ? Lorenzian, oligarchic, and Heapsian asymptotic analyses are applied. ? Associated oligarchy sizes and induced innovation rates are analyzed. ? General elemental statistical connections are established. ? The underlying connections between Zipf’s, Pareto’s and Heaps’ laws are unveiled.
Distortion of power law blinking with binning and thresholding
Amecke, Nicole; Heber, André; Cichos, Frank, E-mail: cichos@physik.uni-leipzig.de [Molecular Nanophotonics Group, Institute of Experimental Physics I, Universität Leipzig, Linnéstraße 5, 04103 Leipzig (Germany)] [Molecular Nanophotonics Group, Institute of Experimental Physics I, Universität Leipzig, Linnéstraße 5, 04103 Leipzig (Germany)
2014-03-21
Fluorescence intermittency is a random switching between emitting (on) and non-emitting (off) periods found for many single chromophores such as semiconductor quantum dots and organic molecules. The statistics of the duration of on- and off-periods are commonly determined by thresholding the emission time trace of a single chromophore and appear to be power law distributed. Here we test with the help of simulations if the experimentally determined power law distributions can actually reflect the underlying statistics. We find that with the experimentally limited time resolution real power law statistics with exponents ?{sub on/off} ? 1.6, especially if ?{sub on} ? ?{sub off} would not be observed as such in the experimental data after binning and thresholding. Instead, a power law appearance could simply be obtained from the continuous distribution of intermediate intensity levels. This challenges much of the obtained data and the models describing the so-called power law blinking.
A Kinematic Conservation Law in Free Surface Flow
Sergey Gavrilyuk; Henrik Kalisch; Zahra Khorsand
2014-10-24
The Green-Naghdi system is used to model highly nonlinear weakly dispersive waves propagating at the surface of a shallow layer of a perfect fluid. The system has three associated conservation laws which describe the conservation of mass, momentum, and energy due to the surface wave motion. In addition, the system features a fourth conservation law which is the main focus of this note. It is shown how this fourth conservation law can be interpreted in terms of a concrete kinematic quantity connected to the evolution of the tangent velocity at the free surface. The equation for the tangent velocity is first derived for the full Euler equations in both two and three dimensional flows, and in both cases, it gives rise to an approximate balance law in the Green-Naghdi theory which turns out to be identical to the fourth conservation law for this system.
Determining the extragalactic extinction law with SALT
Ido Finkelman; Noah Brosch; Alexei Y. Kniazev; David Buckley; Darragh O'Donoghue; Yas Hashimoto; Nicola Loaring; Encarni Romero; Martin Still; Petri Vaisanen
2008-08-05
We present CCD imaging observations of early-type galaxies with dark lanes obtained with the Southern African Large Telescope (SALT) during its performance-verification phase. We derive the extinction law by the extragalactic dust in the dark lanes in the spectral range 1.11mu m^{-1} < lambda^{-1} < 2.94 mu m^{-1} by fitting model galaxies to the unextinguished parts of the image, and subtracting from these the actual images. We find that the extinction curves run parallel to the Galactic extinction curve, which implies that the properties of dust in the extragalactic enviroment are similar to those of the Milky Way. The ratio of the total V band extinction to the selective extinction between the V and B bands is derived for each galaxy with an average of 2.82+-0.38, compared to a canonical value of 3.1 for the Milky Way. The similar values imply that galaxies with well-defined dark lanes have characteristic dust grain sizes similar to those of Galactic dust.
An Unbroken Axial Vector Current Conservation Law
Rasulkhozha S. Sharafiddinov
2015-05-28
The mass, energy and momentum of the neutrino of a true flavor have an axial-vector nature. As a consequence, the left-handed truly neutral neutrino in an axial-vector field of emission can be converted into a right-handed one and vice versa. This predicts the unidenticality of masses, energies and momenta of neutrinos of the different components. Recognizing such a difference in masses, energies, momenta and accepting that the left-handed axial-vector neutrino and the right-handed antineutrino of true neutrality refer to long-lived C-odd leptons, and the right-handed truly neutral neutrino and the left-handed axial-vector antineutrino are of short-lived fermions of C-oddity, we would write a new CP-even Dirac equation taking into account the flavor symmetrical axial-vector mass, energy and momentum matrices. Their presence explains the spontaneous mirror symmetry violation, confirming that an axial-vector current conservation law has never violated. They reflect the availability of a mirror Minkowski space in which a neutrino is characterized by left as well as by right space-time coordinates. Therefore, it is not surprising that whatever the main purposes experiments about a quasielastic axial-vector mass say in favor of an axial-vector mirror Minkowski space-time.
An Unbroken Axial Vector Current Conservation Law
Sharafiddinov, Rasulkhozha S
2015-01-01
The mass, energy and momentum of the neutrino of a true flavor have an axial-vector nature. As a consequence, the left-handed truly neutral neutrino in an axial-vector field of emission can be converted into a right-handed one and vice versa. This predicts the unidenticality of masses, energies and momenta of neutrinos of the different components. Recognizing such a difference in masses, energies, momenta and accepting that the left-handed axial-vector neutrino and the right-handed antineutrino of true neutrality refer to long-lived C-odd leptons, and the right-handed truly neutral neutrino and the left-handed axial-vector antineutrino are of short-lived fermions of C-oddity, we would write a new CP-even Dirac equation taking into account the flavor symmetrical axial-vector mass, energy and momentum matrices. Their presence explains the spontaneous mirror symmetry violation, confirming that an axial-vector current conservation law has never violated. They reflect the availability of a mirror Minkowski space i...
From Key Numbers to Keywords: How Automation Has Transformed the Law
Hanson, F. Allan
2002-01-01
HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 563 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 564 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 565 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 566 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 567 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 568 2002 Hein...Online -- 94 Law Libr. J. 569 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 570 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 571 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 572 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 573 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 574 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J...
Dixon, Juan
About OGEL OGEL (Oil, Gas & Energy Law Intelligence): Focussing on recent developments in the area of oil-gas-energy law, regulation, treaties, judicial and arbitral cases, voluntary guidelines, tax and contracting, including the oil-gas- energy geopolitics. For full Terms & Conditions and subscription rates
Module No: 410318Social Security LawModule Title: Co-requisite:Labor LawPre-requisite
Module No: 410318Social Security LawModule Title: Co-requisite:Labor LawPre-requisite: Module Type: specialization required electiveModule level: Third year Evening StudyDaytime StudyCredit Hours: 3 Credit Hours Instructor Name E-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Module coordinator S
Module No: 410237History of LawModule Title: Co-requisite:Introduction to LawPre-requisite
Module No: 410237History of LawModule Title: Co-requisite:Introduction to LawPre-requisite: Module Type: specialization required electiveModule level: Second year Evening StudyDaytime StudyCredit Hours Phone Academic rank Instructor Name E-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Module coordinator
Module No: 420464Local Administration LawModule Title: Co-requisite:Administration Law (2)Pre-requisite: Module Type: specialization elective requirementModule level: Fourth year Evening StudyDaytime Study Office Phone Academic rank Instructor Name E-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Module
Module No: 420242Public International Law 2Module Title: Co-requisite:public international law 1Pre-requisite: Module Type: specialization requirementModule level: Second year Evening StudyDaytime StudyCredit Hours Phone Academic rank Instructor Name E-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Module coordinator
Module No: 410492Evidence and Procedural LawModule Title: Co-requisite:Law of Civil ProceduresPre-requisite: Module Type: Department prerequisiteModule level: Fourth year Evening StudyDaytime StudyCredit Hours: 3 Academic rank Instructor Name E-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Module coordinator E
Kepler's Laws of Planetary Motion Charles Byrne (Charles Byrne@uml.edu)
Byrne, Charles
's law of universal gravitation. 1 Preliminaries Kepler worked from 1601 to 1612 in Prague of universal gravitation.Although the second law preceded the first, Kepler's Laws are usually enumerated evidence for Newton's law of universal gravitation. How Kepler discovered these laws without the aid
LEXSEE 16 BERKELEY TECH L J 1 Copyright (c) 2001 Berkeley Technology Law Journal
Kammen, Daniel M.
Page 1 LEXSEE 16 BERKELEY TECH L J 1 Copyright (c) 2001 Berkeley Technology Law Journal Berkeley Technology Law Journal 2001 16 Berkeley Tech. L.J. 1 LENGTH: 3937 words ANNUAL REVIEW OF LAW AND TECHNOLOGY Law Journal; J.D. candidate, 2001, Boalt Hall School of Law, University of California, Berkeley; Ph
M. Bahrami ENSC 388 (F09) 2nd Law of Thermodynamics 1
Bahrami, Majid
M. Bahrami ENSC 388 (F09) 2nd Law of Thermodynamics 1 The Second Law of Thermodynamics The second law of thermodynamics asserts that processes occur it satisfies both the first and the second laws of thermodynamics. The second law also asserts that energy
Power law violation of the area law in quantum spin chains
Ramis Movassagh; Peter W. Shor
2014-10-03
The sub-volume scaling of the entanglement entropy with the system's size, $n$, has been a subject of vigorous study in the last decade [1]. The area law provably holds for gapped one dimensional systems [2] and it was believed to be violated by at most a factor of $\\log\\left(n\\right)$ in physically reasonable models such as critical systems. In this paper, we generalize the spin$-1$ model of Bravyi et al [3] to all integer spin-$s$ chains, whereby we introduce a class of exactly solvable models that are physical and exhibit signatures of criticality, yet violate the area law by a power law. The proposed Hamiltonian is local and translationally invariant in the bulk. We prove that it is frustration free and has a unique ground state. Moreover, we prove that the energy gap scales as $n^{-c}$, where using the theory of Brownian excursions, we prove $c\\ge2$. This rules out the possibility of these models being described by a conformal field theory. We analytically show that the Schmidt rank grows exponentially with $n$ and that the half-chain entanglement entropy to the leading order scales as $\\sqrt{n}$ (Eq. 16). Geometrically, the ground state is seen as a uniform superposition of all $s-$colored Motzkin walks. Lastly, we introduce an external field which allows us to remove the boundary terms yet retain the desired properties of the model. Our techniques for obtaining the asymptotic form of the entanglement entropy, the gap upper bound and the self-contained expositions of the combinatorial techniques, more akin to lattice paths, may be of independent interest.
A Unifying Theory for Scaling Laws of Human Populations
Lin, Henry W
2015-01-01
The spatial distribution of people exhibits clustering across a wide range of scales, from household (~$10^{-2}$ km) to continental (~$10^4$ km) scales. Empirical data indicates simple power-law scalings for the size distribution of cities (known as Zipf's law), the geographic distribution of friends, and the population density fluctuations as a function of scale. We derive a simple statistical model that explains all of these scaling laws based on a single unifying principle involving the random spatial growth of clusters of people on all scales. The model makes important new predictions for the spread of diseases and other social phenomena.
A mechanical model for Fourier's law of heat conduction
David Ruelle
2011-02-27
Nonequilibrium statistical mechanics close to equilibrium is a physically satisfactory theory centered on the linear response formula of Green-Kubo. This formula results from a formal first order perturbation calculation without rigorous justification. A rigorous derivation of Fourier's law for heat conduction from the laws of mechanics remains thus a major unsolved problem. In this note we present a deterministic mechanical model of a heat-conducting chain with nontrivial interactions, where kinetic energy fluctuations at the nodes of the chain are removed. In this model the derivation of Fourier's law can proceed rigorously.
The Fight Against the Second Law of Thermodynamics
Jorge Berger
1997-01-15
After presenting possible motives for fighting against the second law of thermodynamics, several attempts to beat this law are analyzed. The second law wins, but an interesting interpretation of it emerges. This interpretation uses the notion of ``encoded order'' and claims that whether a system is or is not in thermodynamic equilibrium depends on the coordinates which the observer decides to measure. This interpretation may not be new, but most present day physicists seem to be unaware of it. The question of subjectivity of entropy and the connection between the present interpretation and ``algorithmic randomness'' are addressed. Key words: Maxwell's demon, perpetuum mobile, subjectivity, entropy, H-theorem, randomness, complexity, information.
How Does Law Matter to Social Movements? A Case Study of Gay Activism in Singapore
Chua, Lynette Janice
2011-01-01
David M. 1998. “How Does Law Matter in the Constitution ofG. , and Austin Sarat. 1998. How Does Law Matter? Evanston:Chicago Press. ------ 1998. “How Does Law Matter for Social
Overturning of Michael M.: Statutory Rape Law becomes Gender-Neutral in California, The
Miller, Susannah
1994-01-01
OF MICHAEL M. : STATUTORY RAPE LAW BECOMES GENDER-NEUTRAL INI. TIlE DEVELOPMENT OF CALIFORNIA'S STATUTORY RAPE LAW A.History American statutory rape law draws its origins from
"Law As . . .": Theory and Practice in Legal History
Barrett, Jeffrey A.
arguments Orren would elaborate in her book Belated Feudalism.2 The metaphysics in Orren's title were those & Andrew J. King eds., 1992). 2. KAREN ORREN, BELATED FEUDALISM: LABOR, THE LAW, AND LIBERAL DEVELOPMENT
Conservation laws. Generation of physical fields. Principles of field theories
L. I. Petrova
2007-04-19
In the paper the role of conservation laws in evolutionary processes, which proceed in material systems (in material media) and lead to generation of physical fields, is shown using skew-symmetric differential forms. In present paper the skew-symmetric differential forms on deforming (nondifferentiable) manifolds were used in addition to exterior forms, which have differentiable manifolds as a basis. Such skew-symmetric forms (which were named evolutionary ones since they possess evolutionary properties), as well as the closed exterior forms, describe the conservation laws. But in contrast to exterior forms, which describe conservation laws for physical fields, the evolutionary forms correspond to conservation laws for material systems. The evolutionary forms possess an unique peculiarity, namely, the closed exterior forms are obtained from these forms. It is just this that enables one to describe the process of generation of physical fields, to disclose connection between physical fields and material systems and to resolve many problems of existing field theories.
Power Law Discounting for N-Gram Language Models
Huang, Songfang; Renals, Steve
2010-01-01
We present an approximation to the Bayesian hierarchical Pitman-Yor process language model which maintains the power law distribution over word tokens, while not requiring a computationally expensive approximate inference process. This approximation...
Louisiana Solid Waste Management and Resource Recovery Law (Louisiana)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality manages solid waste for the state of Louisiana under the authority of the Solid Waste Management and Resource Recover Law. The Department makes...
Survey of Trends in Search and Seizure Law
Tonkovich, Emil A.
1987-01-01
This article surveys significant trends in search and seizure law. Recent United States Supreme Court decisions are reviewed. The scope of this survey is limited to the following four areas: (1) fourth amendment protected interests; (2) the probable...
The Role of Patent Law in Knowledge Codification
Burk, DL
2008-01-01
Lemley, Policy Levers in Patent Law, 89 VA. L. REV. 1575 (Rational Ignorance at the Patent Office, 95 Nw. U. L.Mark A. Lemley, Reconceiving Patents in the Age of Venture
Welcoming the Outsider: Local Construction of the Law towards Immigrants
Williams, Linda M.
2013-08-31
This dissertation examines the local construction of law on the street regarding immigrants. Local agencies play a key role in immigration enforcement and in providing services to immigrants. They are increasingly the face ...
Building on Clues: Methods to Help State and Local Law
McShea, Daniel W.
and Characterize Terrorist Activity Project Leads John Hollywood, PhD, RTI International Kevin Strom, PhD, RTI International Mark Pope, MS, RTI International Statement of Problem State and local law enforcement agencies
HRM 501 Law and Regulation in Human Resource Management
Diestel, Geoff
HRM 501 Law and Regulation in Human Resource Management Syllabus Version (3f) (Jan 11) COURSE learning skills, and a general understanding of problems faced by business managers. #12;HRM 501 Syllabus 2
HRM 501 Law and Regulation in Human Resource Management
Diestel, Geoff
HRM 501 Law and Regulation in Human Resource Management Syllabus Version (3e) (Aug 10) COURSE learning skills, and a general understanding of problems faced by business managers. #12;HRM 501 Syllabus 2
The Effects of Moore's Law and Slacking on Large Computations
C Gottbrath; J Bailin; C Meakin; T Thompson; J. J. Charfman
1999-12-09
We show that, in the context of Moore's Law, overall productivity can be increased for large enough computations by `slacking' or waiting for some period of time before purchasing a computer and beginning the calculation.
Banishment By a Thousand Laws: Residency Restrictions on Sex Offenders
Yung, Corey Rayburn
2007-01-01
Across America, states, localities, and private communities are debating and implementing laws to limit the places of residence of convicted sex offenders. Twenty states and hundreds, if not thousands, of local communities have adopted statutes...
Preliminary Investigation of Sulfur Loading in Hanford LAW Glass
Vienna, John D.; Hrma, Pavel R.; Buchmiller, William C.; Ricklefs, Joel S.
2004-04-01
A preliminary estimate was developed for loading limits for high-sulfur low-activity waste (LAW) feeds that will be vitrified into borosilicate glass at the Hanford Site in the waste-cleanup effort. Previous studies reported in the literature were consulted to provide a basis for the estimate. The examination of previous studies led to questions about sulfur loading in Hanford LAW glass, and scoping tests were performed to help answer these questions. These results of these tests indicated that a formulation approach developed by Vienna and colleagues shows promise for maximizing LAW loading in glass. However, there is a clear need for follow-on work. The potential for significantly lowering the amount of LAW glass produced at Hanford (after the initial phase of processing) because of higher sulfur tolerances may outweigh the cost and effort required to perform the necessary testing.
APPLICATION FOR ADMISSION The Graduate Program in Family Law
Heller, Barbara
APPLICATION FOR ADMISSION The Graduate Program in Family Law STUDY TO BEGIN: [ ] Fall 20____ (year: _______________________________________________ (_____)____-__________ Institution or Company Fax ________________________________________________________________________ Street details on a separate sheet. FAMILY HISTORY 12. Has any member of your family attended Chicago
Title 1 General Provisions Chapter 5 Common Law; General Rights...
Title 1 General Provisions Chapter 5 Common Law; General Rights 3 V.S.A. Section 2809 Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document-...
First law energy balance as a data screening tool
Shao, Xiaojie
2006-08-16
This thesis defines the Energy Balance Load ( BL E ) as the difference between the heating requirements plus the electric gains in the building and the cooling coil loads. It then applies a first law energy balance in ...
Amdahl's reliability law: A simple quantification of the weakest-link phenomenon
Parhami, B
2015-01-01
to Amdahl’s Law for Energy,” Com- puter ArchitectureExtend- ing Amdahl’s Law for Energy- Efficient Computing in
Tolman's law in linear irreversible thermodynamics: a kinetic theory approach
A. Sandoval-Villalbazo; A. L. Garcia-Perciante; D. Brun-Battistini
2012-07-10
In this paper it is shown that Tolman's law can be derived from relativistic kinetic theory applied to a simple fluid in a BGK-like approximation. Using this framework, it becomes clear that the contribution of the gravitational field can be viewed as a cross effect that resembles the so-called \\emph{Thomson effect} in irreversible thermodynamics. A proper generalization of Tolman's law in an inhomogeneous medium is formally established based on these grounds.
The evolution of the power law k-essence cosmology
Rong-Jia Yang; Bohai Chen; Jun Li; Jingzhao Qi
2015-03-22
We investigate the evolution of the power law k-essence field in FRWL spacetime. The autonomous dynamical system and critical points are obtained. The corresponding cosmological parameters, such as $\\Omega _{\\phi }$ and $w_{\\phi }$, are calculated at these critical points. We find it is possible to achieve an equation of state crossing through $-1$ for k-essence field. The results we obtained indicate that the power law k-essence dark energy model can be compatible with observations.
The generalized second law and the emergent universe
Diego Pavón; Sergio del Campo; Ramón Herrera
2012-12-31
We explore whether the generalized second law of thermodynamics is fulfilled in the transition from a generic initial Einstein static phase to the inflationary phase, with constant Hubble rate, and from the end of the latter to the conventional thermal radiation dominated era of expansion. As it turns out, the said law is satisfied provided the radiation component does not contribute largely to the total energy of the static phase.
The generalized second law in the emergent universe
Sergio del Campo; Ramon Herrera; Diego Pavon
2011-12-07
This paper studies whether the generalized second law of thermodynamics is fulfilled in the transition from a generic initial Einstein static phase to the inflationary phase, with constant Hubble rate, and from the end of the latter to the conventional era of thermal radiation dominated expansion. As it turns out, the said law is satisfied provided the radiation component does not largely contribute to the total energy of the static phase.
Analysis of self-similar solutions of multidimensional conservation laws
Keyfitz, Barbara
2014-02-15
This project focused on analysis of multidimensional conservation laws, specifically on extensions to the study of self-siminar solutions, a project initiated by the PI. In addition, progress was made on an approach to studying conservation laws of very low regularity; in this research, the context was a novel problem in chromatography. Two graduate students in mathematics were supported during the grant period, and have almost completed their thesis research.
Power Law Corrections to BTZ Black Hole Entropy
Dharm Veer Singh
2014-11-14
We study the quantum scalar field in the background of BTZ black hole and evaluate the entanglement entropy of the non-vacuum states. The entropy is proportional to the area of event horizon for the ground state, but the area law is violated in the case of non-vacuum states (first excited state and mixed states) and the corrections scale as power law.
Dynamical Horizons: Energy, Angular Momentum, Fluxes and Balance Laws
Abhay Ashtekar; Badri Krishnan
2002-11-03
Dynamical horizons are considered in full, non-linear general relativity. Expressions of fluxes of energy and angular momentum carried by gravitational waves across these horizons are obtained. Fluxes are local, the energy flux is positive and change in the horizon area is related to these fluxes. The flux formulae also give rise to balance laws analogous to the ones obtained by Bondi and Sachs at null infinity and provide generalizations of the first and second laws of black hole mechanics.
A New Polyethylene Scattering Law Determined Using Inelastic Neutron Scattering
Lavelle, Christopher M [ORNL; Liu, C [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Stone, Matthew B [ORNL
2013-01-01
Monte Carlo neutron transport codes such as MCNP rely on accurate data for nuclear physics cross-sections to produce accurate results. At low energy, this takes the form of scattering laws based on the dynamic structure factor, S (Q, E). High density polyethylene (HDPE) is frequently employed as a neutron moderator at both high and low temperatures, however the only cross-sections available are for T =300 K, and the evaluation has not been updated in quite some time. In this paper we describe inelastic neutron scattering measurements on HDPE at 5 and 300 K which are used to improve the scattering law for HDPE. We describe the experimental methods, review some of the past HDPE scattering laws, and compare computations using these models to the measured S (Q, E). The total cross-section is compared to available data, and the treatment of the carbon secondary scatterer as a free gas is assessed. We also discuss the use of the measurement itself as a scattering law via the 1 phonon approximation. We show that a scattering law computed using a more detailed model for the Generalized Density of States (GDOS) compares more favorably to this experiment, suggesting that inelastic neutron scattering can play an important role in both the development and validation of new scattering laws for Monte Carlo work.
Ronis, David M.
CHEMISTRY 223: Introductory Physical Chemistry I. Kinetics 1: Gas laws, kinetic theory or are taking CHEM 203 or CHEM 204. Note: Chemistry Honours and Majors must take CHEM 223 and CHEM 253 edition (Pearson Education, Inc., 2013). J.R. Barrante, Applied Mathematics for Physical Chemistry, 3rd
Chemical Potential in the First Law for Holographic Entanglement Entropy
David Kastor; Sourya Ray; Jennie Traschen
2014-09-16
Entanglement entropy in conformal field theories is known to satisfy a first law. For spherical entangling surfaces, this has been shown to follow via the AdS/CFT correspondence and the holographic prescription for entanglement entropy from the bulk first law for Killing horizons. The bulk first law can be extended to include variations in the cosmological constant $\\Lambda$, which we established in earlier work. Here we show that this implies an extension of the boundary first law to include varying the number of degrees of freedom of the boundary CFT. The thermodynamic potential conjugate to $\\Lambda$ in the bulk is called the thermodynamic volume and has a simple geometric formula. In the boundary first law it plays the role of a chemical potential. For the bulk minimal surface $\\Sigma$ corresponding to a boundary sphere, the thermodynamic volume is found to be proportional to the area of $\\Sigma$, in agreement with the variation of the known result for entanglement entropy of spheres. The dependence of the CFT chemical potential on the entanglement entropy and number of degrees of freedom is similar to how the thermodynamic chemical potential of an ideal gas depends on entropy and particle number.
Systematic comparison of trip distribution laws and models
Lenormand, Maxime; Ramasco, José J
2015-01-01
Trip distribution laws are basic for the travel demand characterization needed in transport and urban planning. Several approaches have been considered in the last years. One of them is the so-called gravity law, in which the number of trips is assumed to be related to the population at origin and destination and to decrease with the distance. The mathematical expression of this law resembles Newton's law of gravity, which explains its name. Another popular approach is inspired by the theory of intervening opportunities and it has been concreted into the so-called radiation models. Individuals are supposed to travel until they find a job opportunity, so the population and jobs spatial distributions naturally lead to a trip flow network. In this paper, we perform a thorough comparison between the gravity and the radiation approaches in their ability at estimating commuting flows. We test the gravity and the radiation laws against empirical trip data at different scales and coming from different countries. Diff...
The importance of domestic law to international arms control
Lehman, R.F. II
1993-11-01
Studies of arms control and disarmament tend to focus on political, military, and diplomatic processes. Recently, in the context of the conversion of defense activities to civilian use, the economic aspects of arms control have also received renewed interest. The legal dimension, however, is in need of fresh examination. Both international and domestic law are sailing increasingly in uncharted waters. Recent arms control agreements and related developments in international peacekeeping have expanded the scope of international law and altered how one perceives certain fundamentals, including the principle of national sovereignty. Still, the nation state is largely unchallenged as the primary actor in international affairs. National governments retain near absolute sovereign rights and responsibilities even in an age of trans-national economic integration and codified international norms for human rights, freedom of the press, and the peaceful resolution of disputes. Indeed, the role of domestic law in arms control and disarmament may be more significant now than ever before. A brief review of relationships between arms control and domestic law should illustrate ways in which ones thinking has been underestimating the importance of domestic law. Hopefully, this survey will set the stage properly for the excellent, more detailed case studies by Elinor Hammarskjold and Alan Crawford. Toward that end, this paper will highlight a number of more general, and sometimes provocative, themes. These themes should be kept in mind when those two complementary presentations are considered.
LLM/PgDip/PgCert CLIMATE CHANGE LAW and POLICY
Strathclyde, University of
. Altering the way in which our global economy functions is fundamental to this change. Governing individual for Environmental Law and Governance www.strath.ac.uk/scelg The LLM in Climate Change Law and Policy is offered by the Law School through its Strathclyde Centre for Environmental Law and Governance. The latter operates
LEXSEE 19 BERKELEY TECH L J 1 Copyright (c) 2004 Berkeley Technology Law Journal
Kammen, Daniel M.
Page 1 LEXSEE 19 BERKELEY TECH L J 1 Copyright (c) 2004 Berkeley Technology Law Journal Berkeley Technology Law Journal 2004 19 Berkeley Tech. L.J. 1 LENGTH: 8383 words FOREWORD: The Rise of Internet Berkeley Technology Law Journal & Berkeley Center for Law and Technology. + Senior Annual Review Editor
Decoupled energy-law preserving numerical schemes for the Cahn-Hilliard-Darcy system
Decoupled energy-law preserving numerical schemes for the Cahn-Hilliard-Darcy system Daozhi Han novel decoupled energy-law preserving numerical schemes for solving the Cahn- Hilliard-Darcy (CHD a discrete energy law with a time- step constraint, while the second scheme satisfies an energy law without
I: Maxwell's equations with Ohm's law. II: Polynomial energy decay. Polynomial decay rate
Phung, Kim-dang.- Le Laboratoire de MathÃ©matiques
I: Maxwell's equations with Ohm's law. II: Polynomial energy decay. Polynomial decay rate: Maxwell's equations with Ohm's law. II: Polynomial energy decay. Maxwell's equation with Ohm's law Let@ = 0 2 L1 ( ) and 0 take "o = o = 1 #12;I: Maxwell's equations with Ohm's law. II: Polynomial energy
Study questions: Energy & Environment: Humans & Nature 18 May 2012 Two `Laws' of human nature
Study questions: Energy & Environment: Humans & Nature 18 May 2012 Two `Laws' of human nature 1. Jevons' Law, or the law of diminishing marginal utility One of the class (sorry, can't remember who) posted an interesting note on `Jevons' Law'. This would seem to be a danger signal for the hopeful
Olszewski Jr., Edward A.
that leads to acceptance by law schools. Acceptance is usually based on the Law School Admission Test (LSAT rounded college years, being part of campus groups and showing a willingness to volunteer in the local
Letter Report: LAW Simulant Development for Cast Stone Screening Test
Russell, Renee L.; Westsik, Joseph H.; Swanberg, David J.; Eibling, Russell E.; Cozzi, Alex; Lindberg, Michael J.; Josephson, Gary B.; Rinehart, Donald E.
2013-03-27
More than 56 million gallons of radioactive and hazardous waste are stored in 177 underground storage tanks at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Hanford Site in southeastern Washington State. The Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) is being constructed to treat the wastes and immobilize them in a glass waste form. The WTP includes a pretreatment facility to separate the wastes into a small volume of high-level waste (HLW) containing most of the radioactivity and a larger volume of low-activity waste (LAW) containing most of the nonradioactive chemicals. The HLW will be converted to glass in the HLW vitrification facility for ultimate disposal at an offsite federal repository. At least a portion (~35%) of the LAW will be converted to glass in the LAW vitrification facility and will be disposed of onsite at the Integrated Disposal Facility (IDF). The pretreatment and HLW vitrification facilities will have the capacity to treat and immobilize the wastes destined for each facility. However, a second facility will be needed for the expected volume of additional LAW requiring immobilization. A cementitious waste form known as Cast Stone is being considered to provide the required additional LAW immobilization capacity. The Cast Stone waste form must be acceptable for disposal in the IDF. The Cast Stone waste form and immobilization process must be tested to demonstrate that the final Cast Stone waste form can comply with waste acceptance criteria for the IDF disposal facility and that the immobilization processes can be controlled to consistently provide an acceptable waste form product. Further, the waste form must be tested to provide the technical basis for understanding the long term performance of the waste form in the IDF disposal environment. These waste form performance data are needed to support risk assessment and performance assessment (PA) analyses of the long-term environmental impact of the waste disposal in the IDF. A testing program was developed in fiscal year (FY) 2012 describing in some detail the work needed to develop and qualify Cast Stone as a waste form for the solidification of Hanford LAW (Westsik et al. 2012). Included within Westsik et al. (2012) is a section on the near-term needs to address Tri-Party Agreement Milestone M-062-40ZZ. The objectives of the testing program to be conducted in FY 2013 and FY 2014 are to: • Determine an acceptable formulation for the LAW Cast Stone waste form. • Evaluate sources of dry materials for preparing the LAW Cast Stone. • Demonstrate the robustness of the Cast Stone waste form for a range of LAW compositions. • Demonstrate the robustness of the formulation for variability in the Cast Stone process. • Provide Cast Stone contaminant release data for PA and risk assessment evaluations. The first step in determining an acceptable formulation for the LAW Cast Stone waste form is to conduct screening tests to examine expected ranges in pretreated LAW composition, waste stream concentrations, dry-materials sources, and mix ratios of waste feed to dry blend. A statistically designed test matrix will be used to evaluate the effects of these key parameters on the properties of the Cast Stone as it is initially prepared and after curing. The second phase of testing will focus on selection of a baseline Cast Stone formulation for LAW and demonstrating that Cast Stone can meet expected waste form requirements for disposal in the IDF. It is expected that this testing will use the results of the screening tests to define a smaller suite of tests to refine the composition of the baseline Cast Stone formulation (e.g. waste concentration, water to dry mix ratio, waste loading).
Quasi-power laws in multiparticle production processes
Wilk, Grzegorz
2015-01-01
We review the ubiquitous presence in multiparticle production processes of quasi-power law distributions (i.e., distributions following pure power laws for large values of the argument but remaining finite, usually exponential, for small values). Special emphasis is placed on the conjecture that this reflects the presence in the produced hadronic systems of some intrinsic fluctuations. If described by parameter q they form, together with the scale parameter $T$ ("temperature"), basis of Tsallis distribution, ${f(X)\\sim [1 - (1-q)X/T]^{1/(1-q)}}$, frequently used to describe the relevant distributions (the X being usually a transverse momentum). We discuss the origin of such quasi-power law behavior based on our experience with the description of multiparticle production processes. In particular, we discuss Tsallis distribution with complex nonextensivity parameter q and argue that it is needed to describe log-oscillations as apparently observed in recent data on large momentum distributions in very high energ...
Effective stress law for the permeability of a limestone
Ghabezloo, Siavash; Guédon, Sylvine; Martineau, François
2008-01-01
The effective stress law for the permeability of a limestone is studied experimentally by performing constant head permeability tests in a triaxial cell with different conditions of confining pressure and pore pressure. Test results have shown that a pore pressure increase and a confining pressure decrease both result in an increase of the permeability, and that the effect of the pore pressure change on the variation of the permeability is more important than the effect of a change of the confining pressure. A power law is proposed for the variation of the permeability with the effective stress. The permeability effective stress coefficient increases linearly with the differential pressure and is greater than one as soon the differential pressure exceeds few bars. The test results are well reproduced using the proposed permeability-effective stress law. A conceptual pore-shell model based on a detailed observation of the microstructure of the studied limestone is proposed. This model is able to explain the ex...
Viscous dark energy and generalized second law of thermodynamics
M. R. Setare; A. Sheykhi
2011-03-05
We examine the validity of the generalized second law of thermodynamics in a non-flat universe in the presence of viscous dark energy. At first we assume that the universe filled only with viscous dark energy. Then, we extend our study to the case where there is an interaction between viscous dark energy and pressureless dark matter. We examine the time evolution of the total entropy, including the entropy associated with the apparent horizon and the entropy of the viscous dark energy inside the apparent horizon. Our study show that the generalized second law of thermodynamics is always protected in a universe filled with interacting viscous dark energy and dark matter in a region enclosed by the apparent horizon. Finally, we show that the the generalized second law of thermodynamics is fulfilled for a universe filled with interacting viscous dark energy and dark matter in the sense that we take into account the Casimir effect.
United States Export Control Laws Current export laws control both hardware and information Information and Guidelines: United States Export Control Laws, on the CSU Export Control website (http://web.research.colostate.edu/OSP/export.aspx). 1. What are Export Controls? The United States government has a vested interest in protecting
Power-law cosmologies in minimal and maximal gauged supergravity
J. Blåbäck; A. Borghese; S. S. Haque
2013-03-13
In this paper we search for accelerating power-law solutions and ekpyrotic solutions within minimal and maximal four dimensional supergravity theories. We focus on the STU model for N=1 and on the new CSO(p,q,r) theories, which were recently obtained exploiting electromagnetic duality, for N=8. In the minimal case we find some new ekpyrotic solutions, while in the maximal case we find some new generic power-law solutions. We do not find any new accelerating solutions for these models.
Power-law friction in closely-packed granular materials
Takahiro Hatano
2007-05-08
In order to understand the nature of friction in closely-packed granular materials, a discrete element simulation on granular layers subjected to isobaric plain shear is performed. It is found that the friction coefficient increases as the power of the shear rate, the exponent of which does not depend on the material constants. Using a nondimensional parameter that is known as the inertial number, the power-law can be cast in a generalized form so that the friction coefficients at different confining pressures collapse on the same curve. We show that the volume fraction also obeys a power-law.
Deviation from the Knudsen law on quantum gases
Babac, Gulru
2014-12-09
Gas flow in micro/nano scale systems has been generally studied for the Maxwell gases. In the limits of very low temperature and very confined domains, the Maxwellian approximation can break down and the quantum character of the gases becomes important. In these cases, Knudsen law, which is one of the important equations to analyze rarefied gas flows is invalid and should be reanalyzed for quantum gases. In this work, the availability of quantum gas conditions in the high Knudsen number cases is discussed and Knudsen law is analyzed for quantum gases.
Area Law for Gapless States from Local Entanglement Thermodynamics
Swingle, Brian
2015-01-01
We demonstrate an area law bound on the ground state entanglement entropy of a wide class of gapless quantum states of matter using a strategy called local entanglement thermodynamics. The bound depends only on thermodynamic data, actually a single exponent, the hyper-scaling violation exponent $\\theta$. All systems in $d$ spatial dimensions obeying our scaling assumptions and with $\\theta free Hamiltonians and show that to violate the area law more than logarithmically these systems must have an unusually large number of low energy states. Finally, we make contact with the recently proposed $s$-source framework and argue that $\\theta$ and $s$ are related by $s=2^\\theta$.
Zeroth Law compatibility of non-additive thermodynamics
T. S. Biró; P. Ván
2011-06-02
Non-extensive thermodynamics was criticized among others by stating that the Zeroth Law cannot be satisfied with non-additive composition rules. In this paper we determine the general functional form of those non-additive composition rules which are compatible with the Zeroth Law of thermodynamics. We find that this general form is additive for the formal logarithms of the original quantities and the familiar relations of thermodynamics apply to these. Our result offers a possible solution to the longstanding problem about equilibrium between extensive and non-extensive systems or systems with different non-extensivity parameters.
The 1st Law of Thermodynamics in Chemical Reactions
I. A. Stepanov
2000-11-10
In the previous papers of the author it has been shown that the 1st law of thermodynamics in chemical reactions is the following one: dU=dQ+PdV+SUM In the present paper this theory was developed and it has been shown that the 1st law of thermodynamics in chemical reactions has the following form: dC=-dU+dA and -dU=dQ where dC is the change in the chemical energy, dU is the change in the internal energy. Internal energy is the energy of thermal motion of molecules.
Fresnel-transform's quantum correspondence and quantum optical ABCD Law
Fan Hongyi; Hu Liyun
2007-05-29
Corresponding to Fresnel transform there exists a unitary operator in quantum optics theory, which could be named Fresnel operator (FO). We show that the multiplication rule of FO naturally leads to the quantum optical ABCD law. The canonical operator methods as mapping of ray-transfer ABCD matrix is explicitly shown by FO's normally ordered expansion through the coherent state representation and the technique of integration within an ordered product of operators. We show that time evolution of the damping oscillator embodies the quantum optical ABCD law.
Modeling nonlinear random vibration: Implication of the energy conservation law
Xu Sun; Jinqiao Duan; Xiaofan Li
2012-06-18
Nonlinear random vibration under excitations of both Gaussian and Poisson white noises is considered. The model is based on stochastic differential equations, and the corresponding stochastic integrals are defined in such a way that the energy conservation law is satisfied. It is shown that Stratonovich integral and Di Paola-Falsone integral should be used for excitations of Gaussian and Poisson white noises, respectively, in order for the model to satisfy the underlining physical laws (e.g., energy conservation). Numerical examples are presented to illustrate the theoretical results.
INFORMATION NOTE United Nations/Nigeria Workshop on Space Law
Glass, Ian S.
1 INFORMATION NOTE United Nations/Nigeria Workshop on Space Law "Meeting international responsibilities and addressing domestic needs" Hosted by the Government of Nigeria 21-24 November 2005 Abuja, Nigeria Background Given the growing number of benefits derived from the use of space applications
Quenched Limit Laws for Transient, One-Dimensional RWRE
Jonathon Peterson
2008-04-06
Apr 8, 2008 ... Ladder locations {?n} defined by ?0 = 0, ?n := inf{i > ?n?1 : V(i) < V(?n?1)} ... Heuristics of Quenched Limit Laws. T?n = n. ? i=1. (T?i ? T?i?1 ).
On the Evolution of Lehman's Laws Michael W. Godfrey
Godfrey, Michael W.
On the Evolution of Lehman's Laws Michael W. Godfrey David R. Cheriton School of Computer Science University of Waterloo, CANADA email: migod@uwaterloo.ca Daniel M. German Department of Computer Science" of software should be paid to think too. Like many other pioneers of computer science, Lehman lived
A power-law description of heavy ion collision centrality
Thomas A. Trainor; Duncan J. Prindle
2007-01-30
The minimum-bias distribution on heavy ion collision multiplicity $n_{ch}$ is well approximated by power-law form $n_{ch}^{-3/4}$, suggesting that a change of variable to $n_{ch}^{1/4}$ may provide more precise access to the structure of the distribution and to A-A collision centrality. We present a detailed centrality study of Hijing-1.37 Monte Carlo data at 200 GeV using the power-law format. We find that the minimum-bias distribution on $n_{participant}^{1/4}$, determined with a Glauber Monte Carlo simulation, is uniform except for a 5% sinusoidal variation. The power-law format reveals precise linear relations between Glauber parameters $n_{part}$ and $n_{bin}$ and the fractional cross section. The power-law format applied to RHIC data facilitates incorporation of extrapolation constraints on data and Glauber distributions to obtain a ten-fold improvement in centrality accuracy for peripheral collisions.
Are naked singularites forbidden by the second law of thermodynamics?
Sukratu Barve; T. P. Singh
1997-05-21
By now, many examples of naked singularities in classical general relativity are known. It may however be that a physical principle over and above the general theory prevents the occurrence of such singularities in nature. Assuming the validity of the Weyl curvature hypothesis, we propose that naked singularities are forbidden by the second law of thermodynamics.
Notes on the Generalised Second Law of Thermodynamics
S. -T. Sung
1997-03-22
Several comments are given to previous proofs of the generalised second law of thermodynamics: black hole entropy plus ordinary matter entropy never decreases for a thermally closed system. Arguments in favour of its truism are given in the spirit of conventional thermodynamics.
Violation of Laws, Losses, and Incidents of Security Concerns
Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]
1992-09-15
To set forth Department of Energy (DOE) procedures to assure timely and effective action relating to violations of criminal, laws, loses, and incidents of security concern to DOE. Cancels DOE O 5631.5. Canceled by DOE O 470.1 of 9-28-1995.
Ground state energy scaling laws during the onset and destruction
@cims.nyu.edu; Courant Institute, New York University, New York, NY 10012, USA 4 otto@iam.uni-bonn.de; Institut fGround state energy scaling laws during the onset and destruction of the intermediate state Abstract The intermediate state of a type-I superconductor is a classical ex- ample of energy
Planning Considerations Coordinate with local law enforcement & first responders
Patzek, Tadeusz W.
Planning Considerations Coordinate with local law enforcement & first responders to ensure smooth to in this document as "Site Decision Maker(s)") Select Evacuation Teams and Search Teams Develop training plan Determine search procedures Designate control center locations Plan for emergency assistance (police, fire
Current Practical Applications of the Second Law of Thermodynamics
Kenny, W. F.
1988-01-01
The objectives of this paper are first, to summarize the kind of activity that has been going on since 1980 in the application of the Second Law to practical problems and second, to draw some evaluation of the direction of that work and areas...
Load Balancing in Wireless Sensor Networks using Kirchhoff's Voltage Law
Toumpis, Stavros
Load Balancing in Wireless Sensor Networks using Kirchhoff's Voltage Law Stavros Toumpis Electrical balancing in wireless networks with a single class of traffic, focusing our attention on an important example, i.e., Wireless Sensor Networks. The analysis is based on the Wireless Minimum Cost Problem
Modified Newton's law, braneworlds, and the gravitational quantum well
F. Buisseret; B. Silvestre-Brac; V. Mathieu
2007-01-18
Most of the theories involving extra dimensions assume that only the gravitational interaction can propagate in them. In such approaches, called brane world models, the effective, 4-dimensional, Newton's law is modified at short as well as at large distances. Usually, the deformation of Newton's law at large distances is parametrized by a Yukawa potential, which arises mainly from theories with compactified extra dimensions. In many other models however, the extra dimensions are infinite. These approaches lead to a large distance power-law deformation of the gravitational newtonian potential $V_N(r)$, namely $V(r)=(1+k_b/r^b)V_N(r)$, which is less studied in the literature. We investigate here the dynamics of a particle in a gravitational quantum well with such a power-law deformation. The effects of the deformation on the energy spectrum are discussed. We also compare our modified spectrum to the results obtained with the GRANIT experiment, where the effects of the Earth's gravitational field on quantum states of ultra cold neutrons moving above a mirror are studied. This comparison leads to upper bounds on $b$ and $k_b$.
The Complete Flux Scheme for Spherically Symmetric Conservation Laws
Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit
and M.J.H. Anthonissen Eindhoven University of Technology Department of Mathematics and Computer Science for computing the numerical fluxes. The approximation for the flux is based on the complete differential to a spherically symmet- ric conservation law of advection-diffusion-reaction type. For the numer- ical flux we use
A straightening law for the Drinfel'd Lagrangian Grassmannian
Ruffo, James Vincent
2009-05-15
(k,n). In this case we denote the Drin- fel?d Grassmannian Qd(G/P) by Qd(k,n). In [41] it is shown that the homogeneous coordinate ring of Qd(k,n) is an algebra with straightening law on a distributive lattice parenleftbig[n]kparenrightbigd, hence normal, Cohen...
Bayesian analysis of the modified Omori law M. Holschneider,1
Narteau, Clément
setting allows not only to produce a point estimator of these three parameters but also to assess, we use two independent and non-overlapping aftershock catalogs of the same earthquakes in Japan of the aftershock sequence, p the power law exponent, and c the time delay before the onset of the power
Detonation Engine Performance Comparison Using First and Second Law Analyses
Texas at Arlington, University of
of an exergy analysis with First Law performance benchmarks proves to be a useful approach for optimization of application. One proposed metric that has been used extensively in other industries is the exergy analysis of thermodynamics.2,3 Exergy (also known as availability) analysis can be used to maximize the work output
UPDATED: 8/29/2013 THE DICKINSON SCHOOL OF LAW
Lee, Dongwon
space · 3 bedrooms + bonus room on third floor · 1& ½ remodeled bathrooms · gas heating, central air, Carlisle Quiet 2nd floor apartment. One bedroom. $395 includes heat/water/sewer. Four blocks from law COMPLEXES APARTMENTS/HOUSES - CARLISLE 3 E. HIGH STREET, Apt. # 2, Carlisle - 2nd Floor apartment, available
Wireless Sensing and Structural Control Strategies Kincho H. Law1
Stanford University
Wireless Sensing and Structural Control Strategies Kincho H. Law1 , Andrew Swartz2 , Jerome P from wireless communication and embedded computing technologies in terms of installation cost and time. Our prior research has developed low-cost wireless sensing systems for structural monitoring
'Revenge porn' victim devotes life fighting to change nation's laws
Shamos, Michael I.
'Revenge porn' victim devotes life fighting to change nation's laws By Cristina Corbin Published name and discovered the naked photos on a so-called "revenge porn" website. "I just went completely the website "End Revenge Porn" and formed the group Cyber Civil Rights Initiative (CCRI), under which she
Stability for scalar balance laws; Application to pedestrian traffic.
Mercier, Magali
1 L1 Stability for scalar balance laws; Application to pedestrian traffic. Magali Mercier Universit-local flow, which appears for example in a new model of pedestrian traffic. 1 Introduction We consider condition. This is of interest in pedestrian traffic if for example we want to minimize the time of exit out
PATENT LAW BASICS 1. What is a Patent?
PATENT LAW BASICS 1. What is a Patent? A patent is an agreement between an inventor and the government, granting the inventor the right, for a limited period, to exclude others from making, using is "to promote the progress of science and the useful arts..." While an inventor may financially benefit
LAW VII & ID 7th Linguistic Annotation Workshop
of the Workshop August 8-9, 2013 Sofia, Bulgaria #12;Production and Manufacturing by Omnipress, Inc. 2600 Anderson Interest Group for Annotation (ACL SIGANN). It provides a forum to facilitate the exchange and propagation a two-day event which would reach out to both communities. Traditionally, the LAW features a theme
Submission to the Law Amendments Committee: An Act Respecting Electricity
Hughes, Larry
An electricity market can be discussed in terms of generation, transmission and distribution, and customers to the generation (or supply) of electricity. Since the EMGC recommends that transmission remain under the controlSubmission to the Law Amendments Committee: Bill 87 An Act Respecting Electricity Larry Hughes, Ph
Evolution equations: Frobenius integrability, conservation laws and travelling waves
Geoff Prince; Naghmana Tehseen
2015-06-07
We give new results concerning the Frobenius integrability and solution of evolution equations admitting travelling wave solutions. In particular, we give a powerful result which explains the extraordinary integrability of some of these equations. We also discuss "local" conservations laws for evolution equations in general and demonstrate all the results for the Korteweg de Vries equation.
''Averaged'' statistical thermodynamics, energy equipartition and the third law
Vesselin I. Dimitrov
1997-07-03
Arguments are presented that the assumption, implicit to traditional statistical thermodynamics, that at zero temperature all erratic motions cease, should be dispensed with. Assuming instead a random ultrarelativistic unobservable motion, similar to zitterbewegung, it is demonstrated that in an ideal gas of classical particles the energy equipartition fails in a way that complies with the third law of thermodynamics.
Production at Intermediate Energies and Lund Area Law
Haiming Hu; An Tai
2001-06-04
The Lund area law was developed into a Monte Carlo program LUARLW. The important ingredients of this generator was described. It was found that the LUARLW simulations are in good agreement with the BEPC/BES R scan data between 2--5 GeV.
Relativity in Classical Mechanics: Momentum, Energy and the Third Law
R Assumpcao
2005-07-19
Most of the logical objections against the classical laws of motion, as they are usually presented in textbooks, centre on the fact that defining force in terms of mass and acceleration, the first two laws are mere assertions of concepts to be introduced in the theory; conversely, the third law expresses the experimental fact that the ratio of masses is inversely proportional to the ratio of accelerations, but it is known to fail when the interacting bodies are rapidly accelerated or far apart, leading to objections at the research level, particularly when electromagnetic phenomena is present. Following a specification of the coordinate system with respect to which velocities and accelerations are to be measured, relative to a fixed spacetime point, this contribution argues that the limitation of the third law is removed; as a consequence, Energy and Momentum relations are given an alternative formulation, extending their fundamental aspects and terms to the relativistic level. Most important, the presented alternative relations seem to preserve exactly the same form of the concepts as originally used by Newton in the Principia.
Extended Leach Testing of Simulated LAW Cast Stone Monoliths
Serne, R. Jeffrey; Westsik, Joseph H.; Williams, Benjamin D.; Jung, H. B.; Wang, Guohui
2015-07-09
This report describes the results from long-term laboratory leach tests performed at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for Washington River Protection Solutions (WRPS) to evaluate the release of key constituents from monoliths of Cast Stone prepared with four simulated low-activity waste (LAW) liquid waste streams. Specific objectives of the Cast Stone long-term leach tests described in this report focused on four activities: 1. Extending the leaching times for selected ongoing EPA-1315 tests on monoliths made with LAW simulants beyond the conventional 63-day time period up to 609 days reported herein (with some tests continuing that will be documented later) in an effort to evaluate long-term leaching properties of Cast Stone to support future performance assessment activities. 2. Starting new EPA-1315 leach tests on archived Cast Stone monoliths made with four LAW simulants using two leachants (deionized water [DIW] and simulated Hanford Integrated Disposal Facility (IDF) Site vadose zone pore water [VZP]). 3. Evaluating the impacts of varying the iodide loading (starting iodide concentrations) in one LAW simulant (7.8 M Na Hanford Tank Waste Operations Simulator (HTWOS) Average) by manufacturing new Cast Stone monoliths and repeating the EPA-1315 leach tests using DIW and the VZP leachants. 4. Evaluating the impacts of using a non-pertechnetate form of Tc that is present in some Hanford tanks. In this activity one LAW simulant (7.8 M Na HTWOS Average) was spiked with a Tc(I)-tricarbonyl gluconate species and then solidified into Cast Stone monoliths. Cured monoliths were leached using the EPA-1315 leach protocol with DIW and VZP. The leach results for the Tc-Gluconate Cast Stone monoliths were compared to Cast Stone monoliths pertechnetate.
12/22/2011 Page 1 Harvard Law School Library Collection Development Policy
Schrag, Daniel
materials. To this end, the Library participates in several local and national 12/22/2011 Page 1 Harvard Law School Library Collection Development Policy The primary mission of the Harvard Law School Library
Long-Range Validity of Threshold Laws in Inner-Shell Photodetachment
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
to any law problematic. Bilodeau et al. have shown for inner-shell photodetachment of helium and sulfur ions that not only are the appropriate threshold laws valid, they are...
STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF PRIVATE WIRE LAWS ON DEVELOPMENT OF COMBINED...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF PRIVATE WIRE LAWS ON DEVELOPMENT OF COMBINED HEAT AND POWER FACILITIE STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF PRIVATE WIRE LAWS ON DEVELOPMENT OF COMBINED HEAT AND POWER...
THE EFFECT OF PRIVATE WIRE LAWS ON DEVELOPMENT OF COMBINED HEAT...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
THE EFFECT OF PRIVATE WIRE LAWS ON DEVELOPMENT OF COMBINED HEAT AND POWER FACILITIES THE EFFECT OF PRIVATE WIRE LAWS ON DEVELOPMENT OF COMBINED HEAT AND POWER FACILITIES Section...
Under the Rape Shield: Constitutional and Feminist Critiques of Rape Shield Laws
Roman, Denise
2011-01-01
Anderson, â€œUnderstanding Rape Shield Laws.â€ 23. Idem.Philosophical Essays on Rape (News York: Oxford Universityâ€œUnderstanding Rape Shield Laws,â€ www.vawnet.org. 19.
Bayesian Epistemology and Epistemic Conditionals: On the Status of the Export-Import Laws
Spirtes, Peter
Bayesian Epistemology and Epistemic Conditionals: On the Status of the Export-Import Laws Horacio, NOVEMBER 2001 BAYESIAN EPISTEMOLOGY AND EPISTEMIC CONDITIONALS: ON THE STATUS OF THE EXPORT-IMPORT LAWS
Bertsimas, Dimitris J.
We propose a new approach to analyze multiclass queueing systems in heavy traffic based on what we consider as fundamental laws in queueing systems, namely distributional and conservation laws. Methodologically, we extend ...
Fourier law, phase transitions and the stationary Stefan problem
Anna De Masi; Errico Presutti; Dimitrios Tsagkarogiannis
2010-09-23
We study the one-dimensional stationary solutions of an integro-differential equation derived by Giacomin and Lebowitz from Kawasaki dynamics in Ising systems with Kac potentials, \\cite{GiacominLebowitz}. We construct stationary solutions with non zero current and prove the validity of the Fourier law in the thermodynamic limit showing that below the critical temperature the limit equilibrium profile has a discontinuity (which defines the position of the interface) and satisfies a stationary free boundary Stefan problem. Under-cooling and over-heating effects are also studied. We show that if metastable values are imposed at the boundaries then the mesoscopic stationary profile is no longer monotone and therefore the Fourier law is not satisfied. It regains however its validity in the thermodynamic limit where the limit profile is again monotone away from the interface.
Power-laws in recurrence networks from dynamical systems
Y. Zou; J. Heitzig; R. V. Donner; J. F. Donges; J. D. Farmer; R. Meucci; S. Euzzor; N. Marwan; J. Kurths
2012-03-15
Recurrence networks are a novel tool of nonlinear time series analysis allowing the characterisation of higher-order geometric properties of complex dynamical systems based on recurrences in phase space, which are a fundamental concept in classical mechanics. In this Letter, we demonstrate that recurrence networks obtained from various deterministic model systems as well as experimental data naturally display power-law degree distributions with scaling exponents $\\gamma$ that can be derived exclusively from the systems' invariant densities. For one-dimensional maps, we show analytically that $\\gamma$ is not related to the fractal dimension. For continuous systems, we find two distinct types of behaviour: power-laws with an exponent $\\gamma$ depending on a suitable notion of local dimension, and such with fixed $\\gamma=1$.
Osage oil: Mineral law, murder, mayhem, and manipulation
Strickland, R.
1995-12-31
The greatest of the 20th century Osage chiefs, Fred Lookout, feared what the rich oil bonanza under tribal lands would do to his people. He forsaw that oil wealth could turn into a curse as well as a blessing, and it was both. The story of Osage oil is a case history in the failure of law, the failure of Indian policy and the struggle for survival of the indomitable spirit of a great Native people force to deal with both the curse and the blessing of black gold. This article examines law and policy as seen in Osage oil regulation, outlining the legal controls of the land and mineral regulatory system and briefly exploring the breakdowns of the system.
Recent Developments in Kansas Oil and Gas Law
DeLaTorre, Phillip E.
1983-01-01
stream_size 1410 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name Phillip E. DeLaTorre, Recent Developments in Kansas Oil and Gas Law, 32 U. Kan. L. Rev. 595 (1983-1984).pdf.txt stream_source_info Phillip E. DeLaTorre, Recent Developments... in Kansas Oil and Gas Law, 32 U. Kan. L. Rev. 595 (1983-1984).pdf.txt Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 HeinOnline -- 32 U. Kan. L. Rev. 595 1983-1984 HeinOnline -- 32 U. Kan. L. Rev. 596 1983-1984 Hein...
Survey of Kansas Oil and Gas Law (1988-1992)
DeLaTorre, Phillip E.
1993-01-01
stream_size 1692 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name Phillip E. DeLaTorre, Survey of Kansas Oil and Gas Law (1988-1992), 41 U. Kan. L. Rev. 691 (1992-1993).pdf.txt stream_source_info Phillip E. DeLaTorre, Survey of Kansas Oil... and Gas Law (1988-1992), 41 U. Kan. L. Rev. 691 (1992-1993).pdf.txt Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 HeinOnline -- 41 U. Kan. L. Rev. 691 1992-1993 HeinOnline -- 41 U. Kan. L. Rev. 692 1992-1993 Hein...
Quantum Collapse and the Second Law of Thermodynamics
Sahand Hormoz
2012-08-11
A heat engine undergoes a cyclic operation while in equilibrium with the net result of conversion of heat into work. Quantum effects such as superposition of states can improve an engine's efficiency by breaking detailed balance, but this improvement comes at a cost due to excess entropy generated from collapse of superpositions on measurement. We quantify these competing facets for a quantum ratchet comprised of an ensemble of pairs of interacting two-level atoms. We suggest that the measurement postulate of quantum mechanics is intricately connected to the second law of thermodynamics. More precisely, if quantum collapse is not inherently random, then the second law of thermodynamics can be violated. Our results challenge the conventional approach of simply quantifying quantum correlations as a thermodynamic work deficit.
Islamic Finance: Between Classical Law and Contemporary Practice
El-Gamal, Mahmoud
2006-04-08
and growth in the Arabic world; and macroeconomic monetary policy aspects of Islamic banking. • Ad hoc modules on Islamic Law, Banking and Finance in Geneva, Kuwait, Dubai, and London. Graduate courses: • First year and advanced (second and third year... Taxonomy of SMEs and Financing Methods for Arab Coun- tries”, (with Nihal El-Megharbel and Hulusi Inanoglu), in Fawzy, S. (ed.) Global- ization and Firm Competitiveness in the Middle East and North African Region, DC: World Bank, 2002, in pp. 208...
Important Basic Equations for Order of Magnitude Estimation Conservation Laws
Nimmo, Francis
area 4r2 or d2 Sphere: volume 4 3r3 or 1 6d3 Forces Newton's Second Law F = ma Force due to gravity Fg = mg = Gm1m2 r2 Drag force Fd = 1 2cDAv2 Frictional force Ff = cf FN Buoyant force Fb = fluidV g valid for non-relativistic systems) · Energy · Linear momentum · Angular momentum Quantities Force mass
2014 Enhanced LAW Glass Property-Composition Models, Phase 2
Muller, Isabelle; Pegg, Ian L.; Joseph, Innocent; Gilbo, Konstantin
2015-10-28
This report describes the results of testing specified by the Enhanced LAW Glass Property-Composition Models, VSL-13T3050-1, Rev. 0 Test Plan. The work was performed in compliance with the quality assurance requirements specified in the Test Plan. Results required by the Test Plan are reported. The te4st results and this report have been reviewed for correctness, technical adequacy, completeness, and accuracy.
Taught degrees LLM in Criminal Law and Criminal Justice
Sussex, University of
in the top 10 in the UK in The Sunday Times University Guide 2012, in the top 20 in the UK in The Times Good University Guide 2013, and in the top 30 in the UK in The Guardian University Guide 2014 and The Complete University Guide 2014. · Law at Sussex was rated 16th in the UK for research in the 2008 Research Assessment
Entropic uncertainty relation for power-law wave packets
Sumiyoshi Abe; S. Martinez; F. Pennini; A. Plastino
2002-06-06
For the power-law quantum wave packet in configuration space, the variance of the position observable may be divergent. Accordingly, the information-entropic formulation of the uncertainty principle becomes more appropriate than the Heisenberg-type formulation, since it involves only the finite quantities. It is found that the total amount of entropic uncertainty converges to its lower bound in the limit of a large value of the exponent.
A non-monotone conservation law for dune morphodynamics
Alibaud, Nathaël; Isèbe, Damien
2007-01-01
We investigate a non-local non linear conservation law, first introduced by A.C. Fowler to describe morphodynamics of dunes, see \\cite{Fow01, Fow02}. A remarkable feature is the violation of the maximum principle, which allows for erosion phenomenon. We prove well-posedness for initial data in $L^2$ and give explicit counterexample for the maximum principle. We also provide numerical simulations corroborating our theoretical results.
Power-law cosmology, SN Ia, and BAO
Dolgov, Aleksander; Halenka, Vitali; Tkachev, Igor E-mail: vithal@umich.edu
2014-10-01
We revise observational constraints on the class of models of modified gravity which at low redshifts lead to a power-law cosmology. To this end we use available public data on Supernova Ia and on baryon acoustic oscillations. We show that the expansion regime a(t) ? t{sup ?} with ? close to 3/2 in a spatially flat universe is a good fit to these data.
Instrumenting Buildings to Determine Retrofit Savings: Murphy's Law Revisited
Boecker, C. L.; Bohmer, C.; O'Neal, D. L.; Bryant, J.
1993-01-01
BUILDINGS TO DETERMINE RETROFIT SAVINGS: MURPHY'S LAW REVISITED Dennis L. O'Neal, John Bryant, Curtis Boecker, and Chuck Bohmer Department of Mechanical Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX ABSTRACT Experiences with instrumentation..., installation and maintenance of building energy metering systems are presented. The building energy metering is installed to support the Texas LoanSTAR program in sites throughout the State of Texas. Metering typically includes monitoring the whole building...
First Law of Mechanics for Compact Binaries on Eccentric Orbits
Tiec, Alexandre Le
2015-01-01
Using the canonical Arnowitt-Deser-Misner Hamiltonian formalism, a "first law of mechanics" is established for binary systems of point masses moving along generic stable bound (eccentric) orbits. This relationship is checked to hold within the post-Newtonian approximation to general relativity, up to third (3PN) order. Several applications are discussed, including the use of gravitational self-force results to inform post-Newtonian theory and the effective one-body model for eccentric-orbit compact binaries.
Primordial perturbations in tachyonic power-law inflation
de Souza, Rudinei C
2013-01-01
In this work we determine the power spectrum of the gravitational potential of the primordial fluctuations for an inflationary model whose \\emph{inflaton} is a non-canonical scalar field of the tachyon-type. The respective background field equations for an inverse-square potential produce a power-law inflation, and it is explicitly shown that for such a potential the power spectrum tends to be scale-independent for highly accelerated regimes in the inflationary expansion.
Robust regression on noisy data for fusion scaling laws
Verdoolaege, Geert, E-mail: geert.verdoolaege@ugent.be [Department of Applied Physics, Ghent University, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium); Laboratoire de Physique des Plasmas de l'ERM - Laboratorium voor Plasmafysica van de KMS (LPP-ERM/KMS), Ecole Royale Militaire - Koninklijke Militaire School, B-1000 Brussels (Belgium)
2014-11-15
We introduce the method of geodesic least squares (GLS) regression for estimating fusion scaling laws. Based on straightforward principles, the method is easily implemented, yet it clearly outperforms established regression techniques, particularly in cases of significant uncertainty on both the response and predictor variables. We apply GLS for estimating the scaling of the L-H power threshold, resulting in estimates for ITER that are somewhat higher than predicted earlier.
DOE Awards Hanford Site Law Enforcement Contract to Benton County
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
RICHLAND, WASH. – The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today awarded a contract to the Benton County Sheriff’s Office in Kennewick, Wash., to provide law enforcement services at the DOE Hanford Site. The contract has a five-year period of performance, consisting of a one-year base period, with four one-year option periods and an approximate total value of $5 million.
The exemption laws of the State of Texas
Dozier, James Hall
1961-01-01
TABLE OF CO~S Chapter I I I I XX. a pg 0 XXI ~ XV? A SHORT H1STORY OF THE ZX1EIIIPTION LAWS OF TEXAS ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ First Exemption LBU a ~ ~ ~ ~ Constitutional Proteotion. Definition of Homesteads Constitution of 1SVB 0...'ther ExemPtions ~ ~ ~ ~ a e ~ a ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ a ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 4 ~ a ~ e e e ~ ~ e ~ ~ ~ e e Present Statute a ~ ~ ~ ~ e ~ Fam9. 1y Relationship. Furniture. ~ . ~ . ~ Cemetex'F Lots ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ Implements of Husbandrye Tools of Tx...
Mpemba effect, Newton cooling law and heat transfer equation
Vladan Pankovic; Darko V. Kapor
2012-12-11
In this work we suggest a simple theoretical solution of the Mpemba effect in full agreement with known experimental data. This solution follows simply as an especial approximation (linearization) of the usual heat (transfer) equation, precisely linearization of the second derivation of the space part of the temperature function (as it is well-known Newton cooling law can be considered as the effective approximation of the heat (transfer) equation for constant space part of the temperature function).
Adaptive Semi-Discrete Central-Upwind Schemes for Nonconvex Hyperbolic Conservation Laws
Petrova, Guergana
of conservation laws is the polymer system used to model polymer flooding processes in enhanced oil recovery (see
Non-equilibrium thermodynamics of dark energy on the power-law entropy corrected apparent horizon
M. Umar Farooq; Mubasher Jamil
2011-11-24
We investigate the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker (FRW) universe (containing dark energy) as a non-equilibrium (irreversible) thermodynamical system by considering the power-law correction to the horizon entropy. By taking power-law entropy area law which appear in dealing with the entanglement of quantum fields in and out the horizon, we determine the power-law entropy corrected apparent horizon of the FRW universe.
Quasi-power laws in multiparticle production processes
Grzegorz Wilk; Zbigniew W?odarczyk
2015-03-30
We review the ubiquitous presence in multiparticle production processes of quasi-power law distributions (i.e., distributions following pure power laws for large values of the argument but remaining finite, usually exponential, for small values). Special emphasis is placed on the conjecture that this reflects the presence in the produced hadronic systems of some intrinsic fluctuations. If described by parameter q they form, together with the scale parameter $T$ ("temperature"), basis of Tsallis distribution, ${f(X)\\sim [1 - (1-q)X/T]^{1/(1-q)}}$, frequently used to describe the relevant distributions (the X being usually a transverse momentum). We discuss the origin of such quasi-power law behavior based on our experience with the description of multiparticle production processes. In particular, we discuss Tsallis distribution with complex nonextensivity parameter q and argue that it is needed to describe log-oscillations as apparently observed in recent data on large momentum distributions in very high energy p-p collisions.
Weak power law rheology of soft glassy and gelled materials
Pedro Patricio; Catarina R. Leal
2015-09-07
We make a parallel excursion to the generalised Maxwell and Kelvin-Voigt models to find which general conditions may lead to the weak power law behaviours of the elastic and viscous moduli, $G'(w)\\sim G''(w)\\sim w^\\alpha$, with $0cells. We find that these behaviours are obtained for analogous, but essentially different power law spectra of relaxation and retardation times, stemming from the different nature of the models. The first, based on the generalised Maxwell model, retains the fluid properties of a soft glassy material (SGM) above the glass transition. The second, based on the generalised Kelvin-Voigt model, retains the elastic properties of a soft solid or gelled material. Using these models, we calculate with accuracy the power law exponents of $G'(w)\\sim w^x$ and $G''(w)\\sim w^y$, for the whole families of relaxation and retardation spectra previously obtained. Within the region corresponding to $0 y\\approx \\alpha$ and $y> x\\approx \\alpha$ for respectively the generalised Maxwell and Kelvin-Voigt models. Beyond this region, we find very different and interesting exponents.
Fourier Law in the Alternate-Mass Hard-Core Potential Chain Baowen Li,1
Li, Baowen
Fourier Law in the Alternate-Mass Hard-Core Potential Chain Baowen Li,1 Giulio Casati,2,3,1 Jiao size. We provide convincing numerical evidence for the validity of Fourier law of heat conduction in order to obey the Fourier law of heat conduction are still not known. For noninteracting particles
Studying Academic Lawyers' Information Seeking to Inform the Design of Digital Law Libraries
Blandford, Ann
Studying Academic Lawyers' Information Seeking to Inform the Design of Digital Law Libraries of digital law libraries. Participants found it difficult to use digital law libraries, arising from poor knowledge of the digital library system rather than from poor general electronic research skills. Hazy
Power-law statistics and universal scaling in the absence of criticality Jonathan Touboul1, 2,
Destexhe, Alain
Power-law statistics and universal scaling in the absence of criticality Jonathan Touboul1, 2 through power-law statistics or universal scal- ing functions. We show here that such features naturally emerge from networks in self-sustained irregular regimes away from criticality. Power-law statistics
POWER LAWS FOR MONKEYS TYPINGS RANDOMLY: THE CASE OF UNEQUAL PROBABILITIES
Conrad, Brian
POWER LAWS FOR MONKEYS TYPINGS RANDOMLY: THE CASE OF UNEQUAL PROBABILITIES BRIAN CONRAD AND MICHAEL MITZENMACHER Abstract. An early result in the history of power laws, due to Miller, concerned the following)/N. Miller proved that in this experiment, the rank-frequency distribution of words follows a power law
On Hack's law Riccardo Rigon,1,2 Ignacio Rodriguez-Iturbe,1 Amos Maritan,3
Tarboton, David
On Hack's law Riccardo Rigon,1,2 Ignacio Rodriguez-Iturbe,1 Amos Maritan,3 Achille Giacometti,4 David G. Tarboton,5 and Andrea Rinaldo6 Abstract. Hack's law is reviewed, emphasizing its implications between Hack's law and the internal structure of river basins is investigated experimentally through
A Music Information Retrieval Approach Based on Power Laws Patrick Roos and Bill Manaris
Roos, Patrick
. Research in cognitive science and neuroscience reveals connections between power laws, human cognition, and human physiology. Empirical studies also demonstrate connections between power laws and human aestheticsA Music Information Retrieval Approach Based on Power Laws Patrick Roos and Bill Manaris Computer
RIS0-M-2432 SIMPLIFIED LAWS OF SIMIALRITY FOR WIND TURBINE ROTORS
RIS0-M-2432 SIMPLIFIED LAWS OF SIMIALRITY FOR WIND TURBINE ROTORS Helge Petersen The Test Station for Small Windmills Abstract, Laws of similarity or scaling laws for the character- istics of a wind turbine rotor are of importance to the designer even during the initial design phase of a new wind turbine con
Compliance with Page 1 of 3 July 14, 2014 Export Laws & Regulations
Winfree, Erik
Compliance with Page 1 of 3 July 14, 2014 Export Laws & Regulations INSTITUTE POLICY Compliance with Export Laws and Regulations The mission of the California Institute of Technology is to expand human atmosphere, while educating outstanding students to become creative members of society. Export control laws
A Fresh Look at Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics
A Fresh Look at Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics Elliott H. Lieb 1 , and Jakob Yngvason to either statistical mechanics or heat engines. In days long gone, the second law of thermodynamics (which numbers of atoms. Willard Gibbs wrote: ``The laws of thermodynamics may easily be obtained from
AN ENTROPY CONDITION AND GLOBAL EXISTENCE RESULT FOR HYPERBOLIC BALANCE LAWS
AN ENTROPY CONDITION AND GLOBAL EXISTENCE RESULT FOR HYPERBOLIC BALANCE LAWS WEN-AN YONG Abstract of balance laws in several space variables. We propose an entropy condition and prove the existence of global condition and Kawashima's condition are satis#12;ed. In addition, we show that a system of balance laws
LOCALIZATION EFFECTS AND MEASURE SOURCE TERMS IN NUMERICAL SCHEMES FOR BALANCE LAWS
LOCALIZATION EFFECTS AND MEASURE SOURCE TERMS IN NUMERICAL SCHEMES FOR BALANCE LAWS LAURENT GOSSE corresponds to the general case of a scalar balance law (26). These two problems share the common feature) is the key point and the general balance law, where a long- time decay to some steady regime should occur
Thesaurus-based Retrieval of Case Law Michel C.A. KLEIN a
van Harmelen, Frank
Thesaurus-based Retrieval of Case Law Michel C.A. KLEIN a , Wouter VAN STEENBERGEN b , Elisabeth M within the domain of tort law from a repository of 68.000 court verdicts. We apply a thesaurus interpretation. Keywords. retrieval, case law, ontology, thesaurus 1. Introduction The judiciary is faced
2014/15 Whole Group Timetable Semester 2 School of Law
Banaji,. Murad
Williams Lecture Theatre FJ SW PW 485 399 768980 LW1120, LW1121 Constitutional and Administrative Law Professor Fielding Johnson South Wing Basement Peter Williams Lecture Theatre FJ SW PW 485 399 768981 LW1120 Williams Lecture Theatre FJ SW PW 485 399 648108 LW1130, LW1131 Contract Law; Contract Law (Study Abroad
RELAXATION OF ENERGY AND APPROXIMATE RIEMANN SOLVERS FOR GENERAL PRESSURE LAWS IN FLUID DYNAMICS
Coquel, FrÃ©dÃ©ric
RELAXATION OF ENERGY AND APPROXIMATE RIEMANN SOLVERS FOR GENERAL PRESSURE LAWS IN FLUID DYNAMICS FR a relaxation of the nonlinear pressure law introducing an energy decomposition under the form = 1 + 2. The internal energy 1 is associated with a (simpler) pressure law p1(, 1); the energy 2 is advected by the flow
On the Noether Derivation of the Gyrokinetic Energy-Momentum Conservation Laws
On the Noether Derivation of the Gyrokinetic Energy-Momentum Conservation Laws Alain J. Brizard Variational Principles Â· Gyrokinetic Energy-Momentum Conservation Laws Â· Gyrokinetic Angular Momentum = - n (d3 x) = - n [( Â· ) d3 x] #12;Â· Energy-momentum Conservation Law Infinitesimal space
Modified Hubble law, the time-varying Hubble parameter and the problem of dark energy
Jian-Miin Liu
2005-11-14
In the framework of the solvable model of cosmology constructed in the Earth-related coordinate system, we derive the modified Hubble law. This law carries the slowly time-varying Hubble parameter. The modified Hubble law eliminates the need for dark energy.
Holistic Reasoning and Generalization of the Second Law of Energy Degradation and Entropy Generation
Kostic, Milivoje M.
Holistic Reasoning and Generalization of the Second Law of Energy Degradation and Entropy and everywhere dissipate energy and generate entropy (according to the 2nd Law!), i.e. on the expense of internal 60115, USA Web: www.kostic.niu.edu * E-mail: kostic@niu.edu Even today, the Second Law of Thermodynamics
Local Law Enforcement Implementation of National Anti-terrorism Policy
Dehnke, Nathan
2011-04-15
terrorism investigations in the area in recent years. There were at least two such investigations in 2010. The first was reported in May, 2010, and was an Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) case resu lting in the arrest of a Kansas City man who... anti- terrorism effort. The next chapter will discuss in greater detail the terrorism threat to the United States, specific?lly hi?hli?htin? the fe?er?l ?o?ernment’s responses to this thre?t? ?s well ?s of the role of local law enforcement as part...
Inflation in the generalized inverse power law scenario
Lu, Zhun
2013-11-01
We propose a single field inflationary model by generalizing the inverse power law potential from the intermediate model. We study the implication of our model on the primordial anisotropy of cosmological microwave background radiation. Specifically, we apply the slow-roll approximation to calculate the scalar spectral tilt n{sub s} and the tensor-to-scalar ratio r. The results are compared with the recent data measured by the Planck satellite. We find that by choosing proper values for the parameters, our model can well describe the Planck data.
Transgressing the Law: Karma, Theft and Its Punishment
Whitecross, Richard W
2008-01-01
of the ] Glorious ‘Druk pa by its Divine Lineage Came and Spread in the Eastern Province of the Sun Within the Southern Mon Country of Four Approaches. 6 In the bKa’ khrims, the Zhabdrung is said to have received the lands of the Great Southern Realm of Four... on September 10 in Thimphu. The group included parking fee collectors and youths recovering at rehabilitation centres like the Rewa. “Our young people should be fully aware of the law,” said Drangpon Rabjam Kinley Namgay. “They should also be aware...
Area Law for Gapless States from Local Entanglement Thermodynamics
Brian Swingle; John McGreevy
2015-05-26
We demonstrate an area law bound on the ground state entanglement entropy of a wide class of gapless quantum states of matter using a strategy called local entanglement thermodynamics. The bound depends only on thermodynamic data, actually a single exponent, the hyper-scaling violation exponent $\\theta$. All systems in $d$ spatial dimensions obeying our scaling assumptions and with $\\theta energy states. Finally, we make contact with the recently proposed $s$-source framework and argue that $\\theta$ and $s$ are related by $s=2^\\theta$.
Gravitational wave generation in power-law inflationary models
Paulo M. Sá; Alfredo B. Henriques
2008-06-06
We investigate the generation of gravitational waves in power-law inflationary models. The energy spectrum of the gravitational waves is calculated using the method of continuous Bogoliubov coefficients. We show that, by looking at the interval of frequencies between 10^(-5) and 10^5 Hz and also at the GHz range, important information can be obtained, both about the inflationary period itself and about the thermalization regime between the end of inflation and the beginning of the radiation-dominated era. We thus deem the development of gravitational wave detectors, covering the MHz/GHz range of frequencies, to be an important task for the future.
The power-law expansion universe and dark energy evolution
Yi-Huan Wei
2005-02-03
In order to depict the transition from deceleration to acceleration expansion of the universe we use a power-law expansion scale factor, $a\\sim t^{n_0+bt^m}$, with $n_0$, $b$ and $m$ three parameters determined by $H_0$, $q_0$ and $z_T$. For the spatially flat, isotropic and homogeneous universe, such a scale factor leads to the results that the dark energy density is slowly changing currently, and predicts the equation of state $w_X$ changes from $w_X>-1$ to $w_X<-1$.
Can physics laws be derived from monogenic functions?
Jose B. Almeida
2006-01-25
This is a paper about geometry and how one can derive several fundamental laws of physics from a simple postulate of geometrical nature. The method uses monogenic functions analysed in the algebra of 5-dimensional spacetime, exploring the 4-dimensional waves that they generate. With this method one is able to arrive at equations of relativistic dynamics, quantum mechanics and electromagnetism. Fields as disparate as cosmology and particle physics will be influenced by this approach in a way that the paper only suggests. The paper provides an introduction to a formalism which shows prospects of one day leading to a theory of everything and suggests several areas of future development.
Federal Energy Management Laws and Requirements | Department of Energy
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuelsof Energy Services Â» ProgramPolicy and Guidance Â» Human CapitalLaws and
Sekhon, Jasjeet S.
How the Second Amendment to China's Patent Law Affects Firms' Patenting Behavior Abstract In this study, we examine how the second amendment to China's patent law affects the patenting behavior passed a second amendment to its patent system in 2000 in accordance with the Trade-Related Aspects
Ullrich, Paul
Overview of Export Laws and Regulations The United States export laws and regulations operate security or protection of trade. The export control regulations are not new. Federal regulations restricting the export of goods and technology out of the country have been around since the 1940's. However
Large Deformation Constitutive Laws for Isotropic Thermoelastic Materials
Plohr, Bradley J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Plohr, Jeeyeon N. [Los Alamos National Laboratory
2012-07-25
We examine the approximations made in using Hooke's law as a constitutive relation for an isotropic thermoelastic material subjected to large deformation by calculating the stress evolution equation from the free energy. For a general thermoelastic material, we employ the volume-preserving part of the deformation gradient to facilitate volumetric/shear strain decompositions of the free energy, its first derivatives (the Cauchy stress and entropy), and its second derivatives (the specific heat, Grueneisen tensor, and elasticity tensor). Specializing to isotropic materials, we calculate these constitutive quantities more explicitly. For deformations with limited shear strain, but possibly large changes in volume, we show that the differential equations for the stress components involve new terms in addition to the traditional Hooke's law terms. These new terms are of the same order in the shear strain as the objective derivative terms needed for frame indifference; unless the latter terms are negligible, the former cannot be neglected. We also demonstrate that accounting for the new terms requires that the deformation gradient be included as a field variable
Scaling law analysis of paraffin thin films on different surfaces
Dotto, M. E. R.; Camargo, S. S. Jr. [Engenharia Metalurgica e de Materials, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Cx. Postal 68505, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, CEP 21945-970 (Brazil)
2010-01-15
The dynamics of paraffin deposit formation on different surfaces was analyzed based on scaling laws. Carbon-based films were deposited onto silicon (Si) and stainless steel substrates from methane (CH{sub 4}) gas using radio frequency plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition. The different substrates were characterized with respect to their surface energy by contact angle measurements, surface roughness, and morphology. Paraffin thin films were obtained by the casting technique and were subsequently characterized by an atomic force microscope in noncontact mode. The results indicate that the morphology of paraffin deposits is strongly influenced by substrates used. Scaling laws analysis for coated substrates present two distinct dynamics: a local roughness exponent ({alpha}{sub local}) associated to short-range surface correlations and a global roughness exponent ({alpha}{sub global}) associated to long-range surface correlations. The local dynamics is described by the Wolf-Villain model, and a global dynamics is described by the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang model. A local correlation length (L{sub local}) defines the transition between the local and global dynamics with L{sub local} approximately 700 nm in accordance with the spacing of planes measured from atomic force micrographs. For uncoated substrates, the growth dynamics is related to Edwards-Wilkinson model.
Brown, Richard S.; Pflugrath, Brett D.; Colotelo, Alison HA; Brauner, Colin J.; Carlson, Thomas J.; Deng, Zhiqun; Seaburg, Adam
2012-06-01
On their seaward migration, juvenile salmonids commonly pass hydroelectric dams. Fish passing by the turbine blade may experience rapid decompression, the severity of which can be highly variable and may result in a number of barotraumas. The mechanisms of these injuries can be due to expansion of existing bubbles or gases coming out of solution; governed by Boyle’s Law and Henry’s Law, respectively. This paper combines re-analysis of published data with new experiments to gain a better understanding of the mechanisms of injury and mortality for fish experiencing rapid decompression associated with hydroturbine passage. From these data it appears that the majority of decompression related injuries are due to the expansion of existing bubbles in the fish, particularly the expansion and rupture of the swim bladder. This information is particularly useful for fisheries managers and turbine manufacturers, demonstrating that reducing the rate of swim bladder ruptures by reducing the frequency of occurrence and severity of rapid decompression during hydroturbine passage could reduce the rates of injury and mortality for hydroturbine passed juvenile salmonids.
Improved Engine Design Concepts Using the Second Law of Thermodynamics
2009-09-30
This project was aimed at developing and using numerical tools which incorporate the second law of thermodynamics to better understand engine operation and particularly the combustion process. A major activity of this project was the continual enhancement and use of an existing engine cycle simulation to investigate a wide range of engine parameters and concepts. The major motivation of these investigations was to improve engine efficiency. These improvements were examined from both the first law and second law perspective. One of the most important aspects of this work was the identification of the combustion irreversibilities as functions of engine design and operating parameters. The combustion irreversibility may be quantified in a number of ways but one especially useful way is by determining the destruction of exergy (availability) during the combustion process. This destruction is the penalty due to converting the fuel exergy to thermal energy for producing work. The engine cycle simulation was used to examine the performance of an automotive (5.7 liter), V-8 spark-ignition engine. A base case was defined for operation at 1400 rpm, stoichiometric, MBT spark timing with a bmep of 325 kPa. For this condition, the destruction of exergy during the combustion process was 21.0%. Variations of many engine parameters (including speed, load, and spark timing) did not alter the level of destruction very much (with these variations, the exergy destruction was within the range of 20.5-21.5%). Also, the use of turbocharging or the use of an over-expanded engine design did not significantly change the exergy destruction. The exergy destruction during combustion was most affected by increased inlet oxygen concentration (which reduced the destruction due to the higher combustion temperatures) and by the use of cooled EGR (which increased the destruction). This work has demonstrated that, in general, the exergy destruction for conventional engines is fairly constant ({approx}21%) for a range of operating and design parameters. Further, to achieve high efficiency engines requires that the exergy be managed and not necessarily reduced. The overall thermodynamics is the final discriminator regarding high efficiency engines.
Conservation Laws, Hodograph Transformation and Boundary Value Problems of Plane Plasticity
Sergey I. Senashov; Alexander Yakhno
2012-10-13
For the hyperbolic system of quasilinear first-order partial differential equations, linearizable by hodograph transformation, the conservation laws are used to solve the Cauchy problem. The equivalence of the initial problem for quasilinear system and the problem for conservation laws system permits to construct the characteristic lines in domains, where Jacobian of hodograph transformations is equal to zero. Moreover, the conservation laws give all solutions of the linearized system. Some examples from the gas dynamics and theory of plasticity are considered.
A reservoir for inverse power law decoherence of a qubit
Filippo Giraldi; Francesco Petruccione
2011-01-24
The exact dynamics of a Jaynes-Cummings model for a qubit interacting with a continuous distribution of bosons, characterized by a special form of the spectral density, is evaluated analytically. The special reservoir is designed to induce anomalous decoherence, resulting in an inverse power law relaxation, of power 3/2, over an evaluated long time scale. If compared to the exponential-like relaxation obtained from the original Jaynes-Cummings model for Lorentzian-type spectral density functions, decoherence is strongly suppressed. The special reservoir exhibits an upper band edge frequency coinciding with the qubit transition frequency. Known theoretical models of photonic band gap media suitable for the realization of the designed reservoir are proposed.
A reservoir for inverse power law decoherence of a qubit
Giraldi, Filippo
2010-01-01
The exact dynamics of a Jaynes-Cummings model for a qubit interacting with a continuous distribution of bosons, characterized by a special form of the spectral density, is evaluated analytically. The special reservoir is designed to induce anomalous decoherence, resulting in an inverse power law relaxation, of power $3/2$, over an evaluated long time scale. If compared to the exponential-like relaxation obtained from the original Jaynes-Cummings model for Lorentzian-type spectral density functions, decoherence is strongly suppressed. The special reservoir exhibits an upper band edge frequency coinciding with the qubit transition frequency. Known theoretical models of photonic band gap media suitable for the realization of the designed reservoir are proposed.
Information theoretic security by the laws of classical physics
Mingesz, R; Gingl, Z; Granqvist, C G; Wen, H; Peper, F; Eubank, T; Schmera, G
2013-01-01
It has been shown recently that the use of two pairs of resistors with enhanced Johnson-noise and a Kirchhoff-loop-i.e., a Kirchhoff-Law-Johnson-Noise (KLJN) protocol-for secure key distribution leads to information theoretic security levels superior to those of a quantum key distribution, including a natural immunity against a man-in-the-middle attack. This issue is becoming particularly timely because of the recent full cracks of practical quantum communicators, as shown in numerous peer-reviewed publications. This presentation first briefly surveys the KLJN system and then discusses related, essential questions such as: what are perfect and imperfect security characteristics of key distribution, and how can these two types of securities be unconditional (or information theoretical)? Finally the presentation contains a live demonstration.
Second Law Analysis of Constant Temperature Diesel Combustion
Druecke, Dr. Ben [University of Wisconsin; Foster, Prof. Dave [University of Wisconsin; Klein, Prof. Sandy [University of Wisconsin; Daw, C Stuart [ORNL; Chakravarthy, Veerathu K [ORNL; Graves, Ronald L [ORNL
2006-01-01
The results from a second law analysis of a constant temperature diesel combustion process are presented and show that this process is not significantly more reversible than conventional combustion. In addition to quantifying the total availability destruction in combustion, the magnitudes of the combustion irreversibilities attributable to each irreversible subprocess (mixing, oxidation and internal heat transfer) were determined. The primary contributor to combustion irreversibilities is the thermal interaction of reacting and non-reacting species during the oxidation and internal thermal energy transfer subprocesses. Increasing combustion temperature significantly decreases availability destruction by making the oxidation and internal thermal energy transfer processes more reversible. While increasing combustion temperature decreases combustion irreversibility, it also results in an increase in exhaust temperature. A tradeoff exists between large availability destruction at low combustion temperatures and large amounts of availability discarded in the exhaust at high combustion temperatures. The optimum amount of work was found to occur for a combustion temperature of approximately 1600 K.
Cosmological Ohm's law and dynamics of non-minimal electromagnetism
Hollenstein, Lukas; Jain, Rajeev Kumar; Urban, Federico R. E-mail: jain@cp3.dias.sdu.dk
2013-01-01
The origin of large-scale magnetic fields in cosmic structures and the intergalactic medium is still poorly understood. We explore the effects of non-minimal couplings of electromagnetism on the cosmological evolution of currents and magnetic fields. In this context, we revisit the mildly non-linear plasma dynamics around recombination that are known to generate weak magnetic fields. We use the covariant approach to obtain a fully general and non-linear evolution equation for the plasma currents and derive a generalised Ohm law valid on large scales as well as in the presence of non-minimal couplings to cosmological (pseudo-)scalar fields. Due to the sizeable conductivity of the plasma and the stringent observational bounds on such couplings, we conclude that modifications of the standard (adiabatic) evolution of magnetic fields are severely limited in these scenarios. Even at scales well beyond a Mpc, any departure from flux freezing behaviour is inhibited.
Power-law expansion cosmology in Schrödinger-type formulation
Burin Gumjudpai
2008-09-08
We investigate non-linear Schr\\"{o}dinger-type formulation of cosmology of which our cosmological system is a general relativistic FRLW universe containing canonical scalar field under arbitrary potential and a barotropic fluid with arbitrary spatial curvatures. We extend the formulation to include phantom field case and we have found that Schr\\"{o}dinger wave function in this formulation is generally non-normalizable. Assuming power-law expansion, $a \\sim t^q$, we obtain scalar field potential as function of time. The corresponding quantities in Schr\\"{o}dinger-type formulation such as Schr\\"{o}dinger total energy, Schr\\"{o}dinger potential and wave function are also presented.
Hermitian structures defined by linear electromagnetic constitutive laws
David Delphenich
2007-10-26
It is demonstrated that when the bundle of 2-forms on a four-dimensional manifold M admits an almost-complex structure any choice of "real + imaginary" subspace decomposition of the bundle defines a conjugation map, as well as a Hermitian structure for the bundle. When the almost-complex structure comes from a linear electromagnetic constitutive law, the real and imaginary parts of the Hermitian structure are then shown to represent the Hamiltonian for an anisotropic three-dimensional electromagnetic oscillator at each point of M and a symplectic structure for each fiber. The complex form of the oscillator equations is also definable in terms of the geometric structures that were introduced.
Molecular clouds have power-law probability distribution functions
Lombardi, Marco; Lada, Charles J
2015-01-01
In this Letter we investigate the shape of the probability distribution of column densities (PDF) in molecular clouds. Through the use of low-noise, extinction-calibrated \\textit{Herschel}/\\textit{Planck} emission data for eight molecular clouds, we demonstrate that, contrary to common belief, the PDFs of molecular clouds are not described well by log-normal functions, but are instead power laws with exponents close to two and with breaks between $A_K \\simeq 0.1$ and $0.2\\,\\mathrm{mag}$, so close to the CO self-shielding limit and not far from the transition between molecular and atomic gas. Additionally, we argue that the intrinsic functional form of the PDF cannot be securely determined below $A_K \\simeq 0.1\\,\\mathrm{mag}$, limiting our ability to investigate more complex models for the shape of the cloud PDF.
Gravitation, C, P and T symmetries and the Second Law
G. Chardin
2008-04-25
The intimate links between gravitation and the second law are summarized and two less known relations between gravity and thermodynamics are studied. Firstly, the information cost required to operate a Maxwell's demon on a curved spacetime is estimated using the Kolmogorov-Sinai entropy. More importantly, the charge and time (C and T) reversal properties of the Kerr-Newman solution in General relativity show that this solution, similarly to the Dirac equation, appears to represent both a particle and its antiparticle and suggests a definition of antimatter in general relativity. This definition leads to a parameter free explanation of the cosmological constant term observed in the supernovae data. The relation of this definition of antimatter with the coupled systems through opposite time arrows studied by Schulman is also emphasized.
Gravitation law and source model in the anisotropic geometrodynamics
Sergey Siparov
2010-01-10
The GRT modification taking into account the dependence of metric on the velocities of the sources is built. It is shown that this dependence follows from the equivalence principle and from the inseparability of the field equations and geodesics equations. As it is known, the latter are the conditions of the field equations solvability, and their form coincides with Newtonian one only in the lowest approximation. The obtained modification provides the explanation for the flat character of the rotation curves of spiral galaxies, for Tully-Fisher law, for some specific features of globular clusters behavior and for the essential excess of the observable gravitational lens effect over the predicted one. Neither dark matter nor arbitrary change of dynamics equations appeared to be needed. Important cosmological consequences are obtained.
Single Molecule Junctions: Probing Contact Chemistry and Fundamental Circuit Laws
Hybertsen M. S.
2013-04-11
By exploiting selective link chemistry, formation of single molecule junctions with reproducible conductance has become established. Systematic studies reveal the structure-conductance relationships for diverse molecules. I will draw on experiments from my collaborators at Columbia University, atomic-scale calculations and theory to describe progress in two areas. First, I will describe a novel route to form single molecule junctions, based on SnMe3 terminated molecules, in which gold directly bonds to carbon in the molecule backbone resulting in near ideal contact resistance [1]. Second, comparison of the conductance of junctions formed with molecular species containing either one backbone or two backbones in parallel allows demonstration of the role of quantum interference in the conductance superposition law at the molecular scale [2].
C. E. Magalhaes Batista; W. Zimdahl
2010-03-18
The dynamics of TeVeS in a homogeneous and isotropic universe is shown to be equivalent to the dynamics of an interacting two-component system, consisting of a scalar field and a "fluid", related to the matter part, with explicitly given coupling term. Scaling solutions (solutions with a constant ratio of the energy densities of both components) in the "Einstein frame" are found which are exponentially expanding or contracting with no remaining freedom for Bekenstein's $F$ function. In the "physical frame" these solutions are of the power-law type. An equivalent General Relativity (GR) picture of the dynamics suggests that it is the scalar field which plays the role of dark matter, while the "matter" has to mimic (phantom-type) dark energy.
Proof of a New Area Law in General Relativity
Bousso, Raphael
2015-01-01
A future holographic screen is a hypersurface of indefinite signature, foliated by marginally trapped surfaces with area $A(r)$. We prove that $A(r)$ grows strictly monotonically. Future holographic screens arise in gravitational collapse. Past holographic screens exist in our own universe; they obey an analogous area law. Both exist more broadly than event horizons or dynamical horizons. Working within classical General Relativity, we assume the null curvature condition and certain generiticity conditions. We establish several nontrivial intermediate results. If a surface $\\sigma$ divides a Cauchy surface into two disjoint regions, then a null hypersurface $N$ that contains $\\sigma$ splits the entire spacetime into two disjoint portions: the future-and-interior, $K^+$; and the past-and-exterior, $K^-$. If a family of surfaces $\\sigma(r)$ foliate a hypersurface, while flowing everywhere to the past or exterior, then the future-and-interior $K^+(r)$ grows monotonically under inclusion. If the surfaces $\\sigma(...
Dark Energy and Search for the Generalized Second Law
Balendra Kr. Dev Choudhury; Julie Saikia
2009-06-03
The discovery of accelerated Hubble expansion in the SNIa data and the observed power spectrum of the microwave background radiation provide an ample support for Dark energy and Dark matter. Except for the so far well-known facts that cold dark matter (or simply dark matter) is pressureless, and dark energy has a negative pressure, the nature of these two still remains a complete mystery. The mystery facilitates different consideration. In one hand, dark matter and dark energy are assumed as distinct entities, and other interpretation is that both are different manifestation of a common structure, often referred as quartessence. Chaplygin gas, a perfect fluid also favours the second interpretation. Here, we consider modified chaplygin gas as dark energy candidate. Taking into account the existence of the observer's event horizon in accelerated universe, we find the condition where the generalized second law of gravitational thermodynamics is valid and the positivity of the temperature of the phantom fluid remains intact.
Coslovsky, Salo Vinocur
2009-01-01
This dissertation bridges the fields of international development, legal sociology, and organizational behavior to examine how Brazilian prosecutors enforce labor and environmental laws. Typically, the enforcement of ...
Toward a Legal Enlightenment: Discussions in Contemporary China on the Rule of Law
Chen, Albert H.Y.
1999-01-01
the transition from feudalism to capitalism which theprogress from "slave society to feudalism to capitalism toto legal systems under feudalism, and socialist rule of law
Exact, E=0, Solutions for General Power-Law Potentials. II. Quantum Wave Functions
Jamil Daboul; Michael Martin Nieto
1994-08-09
For zero energy, $E=0$, we derive exact, quantum solutions for {\\it all} power-law potentials, $V(r) = -\\gamma/r^{\
Missouri – Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Law and Documentation of Discrimination
Sears, Brad
2009-01-01
laws to prohibit discrimination in employment, publicInstitute Employment Discrimination Report HB1458 – To amendInstitute Employment Discrimination Report II. A. S EXUAL O
Power-Law Wave Functions and Generalized Parton Distributions for Pion
A. Mukherjee; I. V. Musatov; H. C. Pauli; A. V. Radyushkin
2003-02-03
We propose a model for generalized parton distributions of the pion based on the power-law ansatz for the effective light-cone wave function.
The Epidemic of Injustice in Rape Law: Mandatory Sentencing as a Partial Remedy
Reyes, Izabelle Barraquiel
2003-01-01
Vol. 12:355 B. Rape Law Reform ..C. Social Attitudes About Rape . II.RAPE AS A CURRENT ISSUE-PAST AND CURRENT SENTENCING
Dangerous Spaces of Citizenship: Gang Talk, Rights Talk, and Rule of Law in Brazil
Holston, James
2009-01-01
Violence in Democratic Brazil. Ethnography Caldeira, TeresaResignifications of Justice in Brazil. In Law and DisorderDemocracy and Violence in Brazil. Comparative Studies in
The Second Law in 4D Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet Gravity
Saugata Chatterjee; Maulik Parikh
2015-01-21
The topological contribution to black hole entropy of a Gauss-Bonnet term in four dimensions opens up the possibility of a violation of the second law of thermodynamics in black hole mergers. We show, however, that the second law is not violated in the regime where Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet holds as an effective theory and black holes can be treated thermodynamically. For mergers of AdS black holes, the second law appears to be violated even in Einstein gravity; we argue, however, that the second law holds when gravitational potential energy is taken into account.
Environmental Law Institute Webinar to Promote Superior Energy Performance™ on July 22, 2014
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Superior Energy Performance™ (SEP), the U.S. certification program for driving continuous improvement in energy efficiency, will be discussed during the Environmental Law Institute (ELI) seminar on...
Inducing Corporate Compliance: A Law and Economics Analysis of Corporate Liability Regimes
Oded, Sharon
2010-01-01
include somewhat mitigated sanctions which are imposed onby adjusting the actual sanction to offset the increase inD. 1984. Prices and sanctions. Columbia Law Review 84, :
Emergent Power-Law Phase in the 2D Heisenberg Windmill Antiferromagnet: A Computational Experiment
Chandra, Premi
Emergent Power-Law Phase in the 2D Heisenberg Windmill Antiferromagnet: A Computational Experiment online). Finite temperature phase diagram of classical windmill Heisenberg antiferromagnet as a function
Arbitrage and the Law of One Price: Setting the Record Straight
Pippenger, John
2015-01-01
Richard, 2001, The Law of One Price in Scandinavian Duty-1987. Commodity Futures Prices: Some Evidence on Forecastuse shorter versions of my grain prices and freight rates to
Violation of the Energy Conservation Law in Lorentz-Dirac Equations for More Than One Charge
Danilo Villarroel; Rodrigo Rivera
1994-12-30
An exact solution of Lorentz-Dirac equations where the energy conservation law is violated, is described herein for the case of two charges.
Simon, Jonathan S
2009-01-01
years ago on 2 nd degree murder for killing his estranged Imprisonment and the Law of Murder California and to a assaults on the body and murder (those such assaults
Gimpel, Rodney F.; Kruger, Albert A.
2013-12-16
The purpose of this calculation is to determine the LAW glass former recipe and additives with their respective amounts. The methodology and equations contained herein are to be used in the G2 and ACM models until better information is supplied by R&T efforts. This revision includes calculations that determines the mass and volume of the bulk chemicals/minerals needed per batch. Plus, it contains calculations (for the G2 model) to help prevent overflow in LAW Feed Preparation Vessel.
Information Security and Privacy Laws and Regulations, and UW Subject Matter Experts
Queitsch, Christine
Information Security and Privacy Laws and Regulations, and UW Subject Matter Experts Page 1 of 16 Document Name: Information Security and Privacy Laws Version #: vF Created By: Ann Nagel, Associate Chief Information Security Officer Date Created: June 2, 2009 Updated By: Melissa Albin-Wurzer, Education
A Power-Law Formulation of Laminar Flow in Short Pipes Max Sherman
A Power-Law Formulation of Laminar Flow in Short Pipes Max Sherman Indoor Environment Program ABSTRACT This report develops a theoretical description of the hydrodynamic relationship based on a power pipes can be described with a simple power law dependence on pressure, but that the exponent
Short Communication Sedimentation of a rotating sphere in a power-law fluid
Lauga, Eric
. There have been numerous studies aiming to calculate the drag force on solid spheres moving at constant speedShort Communication Sedimentation of a rotating sphere in a power-law fluid Francisco A. Godínez Accepted 24 August 2014 Available online 3 September 2014 Keywords: Sedimenting sphere Power-law fluid
Scale-invariant power law and fractality for molecular weights V. Paar a,*, N. Pavin a
Pavin, Nenad
to the molecular level, and in partic- ular, can one trace the ®ngerprints of fractality in the systematic for atomic weights [25]: Ar acZbc : 1 We ®nd that Eq. (1) provides a good ®t of the data on atomic weights [1] with the power law exponent bc 1.120. The atomic power law (1) provides a good phenomenological
ON MIMO CHANNEL CAPACITY, SPATIAL SAMPLING AND THE LAWS OF ELECTROMAGNETISM
Loyka, Sergey
ON MIMO CHANNEL CAPACITY, SPATIAL SAMPLING AND THE LAWS OF ELECTROMAGNETISM Sergey Loyka School by the laws of electromagnetism on achievable MIMO channel capacity in its general form. Our approach is a two expansion of a generic electromagnetic wave combined with Nyquist sampling theorem in the spatial domain, we
When Does Reward Maximization Lead to Matching Law? Yutaka Sakai1
Fukai, Tomoki
amount of income obtained at the option. A typical example showing this law is the alternative choiceWhen Does Reward Maximization Lead to Matching Law? Yutaka Sakai1 , Tomoki Fukai2 * 1 Brain Science strategy, maximizing or matching, is more fundamental to animal's decision behavior has been a matter
8/15 Ampere 1/12 THE INTEGRAL FORM OF AMPERE'S LAW
Gustafsson, Torgny
8/15 Ampere 1/12 THE INTEGRAL FORM OF AMPERE'S LAW PURPOSE: To verify Ampere's Law for the magnetic for the vacuum, o 4 7 10 T.m.A -1 . The total magnetic field at P is found by integrating Eq. (1) along. (1) into Eq. (2) and integrating shows that the magnitude of the magnetic field at a perpendicular
Electric field noise above surfaces: a model for heating rate scaling law in ion traps
Boyer, Edmond
Electric field noise above surfaces: a model for heating rate scaling law in ion traps R. Dubessy try to account for this heating rate by considering typical electric noise sources in conductors, 2008) Abstract We present a model for the scaling laws of the electric field noise spectral density
Module No: 420262Administrative Law 2Module Title: Co-requisite: administrative
Module No: 420262Administrative Law 2Module Title: Co-requisite: administrative Judiciary Administrative Law 1Pre-requisite: Module Type: specialization requirementModule level: Fourth Year Evening Study-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Instructor Name E-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Module
Module No: 420171Penal law (general part)Module Title: Co-requisite: crimes against
Module No: 420171Penal law (general part)Module Title: Co-requisite: crimes against property and persons, crimes against state national security Introduction to LawPre-requisite: Module Type: department requirementModule level: First year Evening StudyDaytime StudyCredit Hours: 3 Credit Hours Lecture Time
Module No: 410391Law of Civil ProcedureModule Title: Co-requisite: Evidence and
Module No: 410391Law of Civil ProcedureModule Title: Co-requisite: Evidence and Procedural Law Effects of ObligationsPre-requisite: Module Type: specialization requirementModule level: Third Year Academic rank Module coordinator 309396Assistant Professor Dr. Sabri Thyabat ResearchTutorial Guidance
Module No: 420273Crimes against propertyModule Title: Co-requisite: Criminal Law
Module No: 420273Crimes against propertyModule Title: Co-requisite: Criminal Law (General part) Law of criminal proceduresPre-requisite: Module Type: specialization requirementModule level: Second Year Evening Academic rank Module coordinator khzoubi@philadelphia.edu.jo309396Assistant professor Dr. Khaled Alzu
Module No: 410424Maritime LawModule Title: Co-requisite:Introduction to Commercial
Module No: 410424Maritime LawModule Title: Co-requisite:Introduction to Commercial Law Pre-requisite: Module Type: specialization requirementModule level: Fourth Year Evening StudyDaytime StudyCredit Hours Phone Academic rank Instructor Name E-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Module coordinator B
Gladden, Josh
Determination of power-law attenuation coefficient and dispersion spectra in multi-wall carbon for a set of multi-wall carbon nanotube MWCNT -nylon composites from pure nylon to 20% MWCNT by weightKronig relations, the attenuation and dispersion data were found to be consistent with a power-law attenuation
The Power (Law) of Indian Markets: Analysing NSE and BSE Trading Statistics
Sinha, Sitabhra
The Power (Law) of Indian Markets: Analysing NSE and BSE Trading Statistics Sitabhra Sinha and Raj-tailed cumulative distribution, consistent with a power law having ex- ponent 3, similar to that observed in developed markets. However, the distributions of trading volume and the number of trades have a different na
Simple Quantum Model of Learning Explains the Yerkes-Dodson Law in Psychology
E. D. Vol
2012-02-09
We propose the simple model of learning based on which we derive and explain the Yerkes-Dodson law - one of the oldest laws of experimental psychology. The approach uses some ideas of quantum theory of open systems (QTOS) and develops the method of statistical description of psychological systems that was proposed by author earlier.
Particle Physics Implications of a Recent Test of the Gravitational Inverse Square Law
E. G. Adelberger; B. R. Heckel; S. Hoedl; C. D. Hoyle; D. J. Kapner; A. Upadhye
2007-02-07
We use data from our recent search for violations of the gravitational inverse-square law to constrain dilaton, radion and chameleon exchange forces as well as arbitrary vector or scalar interactions. We test the interpretation of the PVLAS effect and a conjectured ``fat graviton'' scenario and constrain the $\\gamma_5$ couplings of pseuodscalar bosons and arbitrary power-law interactions.
Linear wave dispersion laws in unmagnetized relativistic plasma: Analytical and numerical results
Linear wave dispersion laws in unmagnetized relativistic plasma: Analytical and numerical results laws for electrostatic and electromagnetic waves in a homogeneous and unmagnetized relativistic Vlasov plasma frequency pe , Debye wave number kD and the thermal velocity vth,e is established. The approximate
CHAPTER 5 -SYSTEMS UNDER PRESSURE 5.1 Ideal gas law
Boal, David
CHAPTER 5 - SYSTEMS UNDER PRESSURE 5.1 Ideal gas law The quantitative study of gases goes back more), Priestley (1790), Volta (1793), Dalton (1801) and Gay-Lussac (1802) (see Kauzmann, 1966): V T (sample as it is heated. These two observations are combined into an expression known as the ideal gas law, which we
RESIDENT ALIEN VS NONRESIDENT ALIEN STATUS Immigration And Tax Law Definitions
Kunkle, Tom
RESIDENT ALIEN VS NONRESIDENT ALIEN STATUS Immigration And Tax Law Definitions This handout. IMMIGRATION LAW: A nonresident alien is a person who is not a citizen or permanent resident of the U.S. who. A resident alien, for IMMIGRATION purposes, is the same as an immigrant, or a "greed card" holder--a non
Renewable Energy Law, Regulation and the Environment, MAST 667016, Fall 2013 Now known as
Firestone, Jeremy
Renewable Energy Law, Regulation and the Environment, MAST 667016, Fall 2013 Now known as MAST680: Renewable Energy and Climate: Law, Regulation and Environment (1-3 credits) Professor Jeremy Firestone 204 is an introduction to the regulation of renewable energy electricity generation, transmission and integration
astroph/9710116 Fitting random stable solar systems to TitiusBode laws
Toronto, University of
astroph/9710116 10 Oct 1997 Fitting random stable solar systems to TitiusBode laws Preprint: 10 ``solar systems'' are generated with planetary orbital radii r distributed uniformly random in log r of these systems to generalized Bode laws are performed, and compared to the fit of our own Solar System. We find
Steady-state laboratory ow laws alone fail to explain postseismic observations Andrew M. Freed a,
Freed, Andrew
dislocation creep geodesy nite element modeling We test whether laboratory derived steady-state ow laws- and stress-dependent ow laws for diffusion and dislocation creep of olivine. We primarily concentrate of a number of creep mechanisms and associated constitutive relationships that quantify how viscosity and ow
SCHOOL OF LAWSCHOOL OF LAWSCHOOL OF LAWSCHOOL OF LAWSCHOOL OF LAW 2003 -2004
Rock, Chris
about the practice of law in real terms from lawyers, judges, and professors in Mexico. While our people at Texas Tech, and I hope to get to know you personally when you enter the Texas Tech School for a purpose. Walter B. Huffman Dean and Professor of Law Fall Enrollment: 698, including entering class of 246
Global weak solutions to magnetic fluid flows with nonlinear Maxwell-Cattaneo heat transfer law
Boyer, Edmond
Global weak solutions to magnetic fluid flows with nonlinear Maxwell-Cattaneo heat transfer law F transfer in a magnetic fluid flow under the action of an applied magnetic field. Instead of the usual heat-Cattaneo law, heat transfer, magnetic field, magnetization AMS subject classifications: 76N10, 35Q35. 1
GMO, CONSUMPTION AND CONSUMER VULNERABILITY IN BRAZILIAN CONSUMER LAW: THE RIGHT TO BE
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
GMO, CONSUMPTION AND CONSUMER VULNERABILITY IN BRAZILIAN CONSUMER LAW: THE RIGHT TO BE DULY genetically modified organisms. Key words: Consumer. Vulnerability. Lacking of resources. GMO Résumé - Le : France (2010)" #12;GMO, consumption and consumer vulnerability in Brazilian Consumer Law: the right
Radiation Hydrodynamics Scaling Laws in High Energy Density Physics and Laboratory Astrophysics
Emeric Falize; Serge Bouquet; Claire Michaut
2008-05-20
In this paper, radiating fluids scaling laws are studied. We focus on optically thin and optically thick regimes which are relevant for both astrophysics and laboratory experiments. By using homothetic Lie groups, we obtain the scaling laws, the similarity properties and the number of free parameters which allow to rescale experiments in the two astrophyscial situations.
Holistic Reasoning and Generalization of the Second Law of Energy Degradation and Entropy Generation
Kostic, Milivoje M.
Holistic Reasoning and Generalization of the Second Law of Energy Degradation and Entropy 60115, USA Web: www.kostic.niu.edu * E-mail: kostic@niu.edu Even today, the Second Law of Thermodynamics on thermal and mechanical energy transformations, but it has been expended to all different types of work
Renormalization, averaging, conservation laws and AdS (in)stability
Ben Craps; Oleg Evnin; Joris Vanhoof
2015-01-19
We continue our analytic investigations of non-linear spherically symmetric perturbations around the anti-de Sitter background in gravity-scalar field systems, and focus on conservation laws restricting the (perturbatively) slow drift of energy between the different normal modes due to non-linearities. We discover two conservation laws in addition to the energy conservation previously discussed in relation to AdS instability. A similar set of three conservation laws was previously noted for a self-interacting scalar field in a non-dynamical AdS background, and we highlight the similarities of this system to the fully dynamical case of gravitational instability. The nature of these conservation laws is best understood through an appeal to averaging methods which allow one to derive an effective Lagrangian or Hamiltonian description of the slow energy transfer between the normal modes. The conservation laws in question then follow from explicit symmetries of this averaged effective theory.
Generalized Second Law of Thermodynamics for Non-canonical Scalar Field Model with Corrected-Entropy
Das, Sudipta; Mamon, Abdulla Al
2015-01-01
In this work, we have considered a non-canonical scalar field dark energy model in the framework of flat FRW background. It has also been assumed that the dark matter sector interacts with the non-canonical dark energy sector through some interaction term. Using the solutions for this interacting non-canonical scalar field dark energy model, we have investigated the validity of generalized second law (GSL) of thermodynamics in various scenarios using first law and area law of thermodynamics. For this purpose, we have assumed two types of horizons viz apparent horizon and event horizon for the universe and using first law of thermodynamics, we have examined the validity of GSL on both apparent and event horizons. Next, we have considered two types of entropy-corrections on apparent and event horizons. Using the modified area law, we have examined the validity of GSL of thermodynamics on apparent and event horizons under some restrictions of model parameters.
Akarsu, Özgür [Department of Physics, Koç University, 34450 Sariyer, ?stanbul (Turkey); Kumar, Suresh [Department of Mathematics, BITS Pilani, Pilani Campus, Rajasthan-333031 (India); Myrzakulov, R.; Sami, M. [Centre of Theoretical Physics, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi-110025 (India); Xu, Lixin, E-mail: oakarsu@ku.edu.tr, E-mail: sukuyd@gmail.com, E-mail: rmyrzakulov@gmail.com, E-mail: samijamia@gmail.com, E-mail: lxxu@dlut.edu.cn [Institute of Theoretical Physics, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, 116024 (China)
2014-01-01
In this paper, we consider a simple form of expansion history of Universe referred to as the hybrid expansion law - a product of power-law and exponential type of functions. The ansatz by construction mimics the power-law and de Sitter cosmologies as special cases but also provides an elegant description of the transition from deceleration to cosmic acceleration. We point out the Brans-Dicke realization of the cosmic history under consideration. We construct potentials for quintessence, phantom and tachyon fields, which can give rise to the hybrid expansion law in general relativity. We investigate observational constraints on the model with hybrid expansion law applied to late time acceleration as well as to early Universe a la nucleosynthesis.
Quantum Hooke's Law to classify pulse laser induced ultrafast melting
Hu, Hao; Ding, Hepeng; Liu, Feng
2015-02-03
Ultrafast crystal-to-liquid phase transition induced by femtosecond pulse laser excitation is an interesting material's behavior manifesting the complexity of light-matter interaction. There exist two types of such phase transitions: one occurs at a time scale shorter than a picosecond via a nonthermal process mediated by electron-hole plasma formation; the other at a longer time scale via a thermal melting process mediated by electron-phonon interaction. However, it remains unclear what material would undergo which process and why? Here, by exploiting the property of quantum electronic stress (QES) governed by quantum Hooke's law, we classify the transitions by two distinct classes of materials: the faster nonthermal process can only occur in materials like ice having an anomalous phase diagram characterized with dT_{m}/dP < 0, where T_{m} is the melting temperature and P is pressure, above a high threshold laser fluence; while the slower thermal process may occur in all materials. Especially, the nonthermal transition is shown to be induced by the QES, acting like a negative internal pressure, which drives the crystal into a “super pressing” state to spontaneously transform into a higher-density liquid phase. Our findings significantly advance fundamental understanding of ultrafast crystal-to-liquid phase transitions, enabling quantitative a priori predictions.
Quantum Hooke's Law to classify pulse laser induced ultrafast melting
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Hu, Hao; Ding, Hepeng; Liu, Feng
2015-02-03
Ultrafast crystal-to-liquid phase transition induced by femtosecond pulse laser excitation is an interesting material's behavior manifesting the complexity of light-matter interaction. There exist two types of such phase transitions: one occurs at a time scale shorter than a picosecond via a nonthermal process mediated by electron-hole plasma formation; the other at a longer time scale via a thermal melting process mediated by electron-phonon interaction. However, it remains unclear what material would undergo which process and why? Here, by exploiting the property of quantum electronic stress (QES) governed by quantum Hooke's law, we classify the transitions by two distinct classes ofmore »materials: the faster nonthermal process can only occur in materials like ice having an anomalous phase diagram characterized with dTm/dP m is the melting temperature and P is pressure, above a high threshold laser fluence; while the slower thermal process may occur in all materials. Especially, the nonthermal transition is shown to be induced by the QES, acting like a negative internal pressure, which drives the crystal into a “super pressing” state to spontaneously transform into a higher-density liquid phase. Our findings significantly advance fundamental understanding of ultrafast crystal-to-liquid phase transitions, enabling quantitative a priori predictions.« less
Anomalous spectral laws in differential models of turbulence
Simon Thalabard; Sergey Nazarenko; Sebastien Galtier; Sergey Medvedev
2015-05-27
Differential models for hydrodynamic, passive-scalar and wave turbulence given by nonlinear first- and second-order evolution equations for the energy spectrum in the $k$-space were analysed. Both types of models predict formation an anomalous transient power-law spectra. The second-order models were analysed in terms of self-similar solutions of the second kind, and a phenomenological formula for the anomalous spectrum exponent was constructed using numerics for a broad range of parameters covering all known physical examples. The first-order models were examined analytically, including finding an analytical prediction for the anomalous exponent of the transient spectrum and description of formation of the Kolmogorov-type spectrum as a reflection wave from the dissipative scale back into the inertial range. The latter behaviour was linked to pre-shock/shock singularities similar to the ones arising in the Burgers equation. Existence of the transient anomalous scaling and the reflection-wave scenario are argued to be a robust feature common to the finite-capacity turbulence systems. The anomalous exponent is independent of the initial conditions but varies for for different models of the same physical system.
Illinois SB 1987: the Clean Coal Portfolio Standard Law
NONE
2009-01-15
On January 12, 2009, Governor Rod Blagojevich signed SB 1987, the Clean Coal Portfolio Standard Law. The legislation establishes emission standards for new coal-fueled power plants power plants that use coal as their primary feedstock. From 2009-2015, new coal-fueled power plants must capture and store 50 percent of the carbon emissions that the facility would otherwise emit; from 2016-2017, 70 percent must be captured and stored; and after 2017, 90 percent must be captured and stored. SB 1987 also establishes a goal of having 25 percent of electricity used in the state to come from cost-effective coal-fueled power plants that capture and store carbon emissions by 2025. Illinois is the first state to establish a goal for producing electricity from coal-fueled power plants with carbon capture and storage (CCS). To support the commercial development of CCS technology, the legislation guarantees purchase agreements for the first Illinois coal facility with CCS technology, the Taylorville Energy Center (TEC); Illinois utilities are required to purchase at least 5 percent of their electricity supply from the TEC, provided that customer rates experience only modest increases. The TEC is expected to be completed in 2014 with the ability to capture and store at least 50 percent of its carbon emissions.
Quantifying the quality of peer reviewers through Zipf's law
Ausloos, Marcel; Fronczak, Agata; Fronczak, Piotr
2015-01-01
This paper introduces a statistical and other analysis of peer reviewers in order to approach their "quality" through some quantification measure, thereby leading to some quality metrics. Peer reviewer reports for the Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society are examined. The text of each report has first to be adapted to word counting software in order to avoid jargon inducing confusion when searching for the word frequency: e.g. C must be distinguished, depending if it means Carbon or Celsius, etc. Thus, every report has to be carefully "rewritten". Thereafter, the quantity, variety and distribution of words are examined in each report and compared to the whole set. Two separate months, according when reports came in, are distinguished to observe any possible hidden spurious effects. Coherence is found. An empirical distribution is searched for through a Zipf-Pareto rank-size law. It is observed that peer review reports are very far from usual texts in this respect. Deviations from the usual (first) Zipf's l...
Notes on several phenomenological laws of quantum gravity
Bruneton, Jean-Philippe
2013-01-01
Phenomenological approaches to quantum gravity try to infer model-independent laws by analyzing thought experiments and combining both quantum, relativistic, and gravitational ingredients. We first review these ingredients -three basic inequalities- and discuss their relationships with the nature of fundamental constants. In particular, we argue for a covariant mass bound conjecture: in a spacetime free of horizon, the mass inside a surface $A$ cannot exceed $16 \\pi G^2 m^2m_p$ (5) There exists a mass dependent maximal force and power (6) There exists a maximal energy density and pressure (7) Physical systems must obey the Holographic Principle (8) Holographic bounds can only be saturated by systems with $m>m_p$; systems lying on the ``Compton line'' $l \\sim 1/m$ are fundamental objects without substructures (9) We speculate on a new bound from above for the action. In passing, we note that the maximal acceleration is of the order of Milgrom's acceleration $a_0$ for ultra-light particles ($m\\sim H_0)$ that co...
Mutual information area laws for thermal free fermions
H. Bernigau; M. J. Kastoryano; J. Eisert
2015-02-10
We provide a rigorous and asymptotically exact expression of the mutual information of translationally invariant free fermionic lattice systems in a Gibbs state. In order to arrive at this result, we introduce a novel frameworkfor computing determinants of Toeplitz operators with smooth symbols, and for treating Toeplitz matrices with system size dependent entries. The asymptotically exact mutual information for a partition of the one-dimensional lattice satisfies an area law, with a prefactor which we compute explicitly. As examples, we discuss the fermionic XX model in one dimension and free fermionic models on the torus in higher dimensions in detail. Special emphasis is put onto the discussion of the temperature dependence of the mutual information, scaling like the logarithm of the inverse temperature, hence confirming an expression suggested by conformal field theory. We also comment on the applicability of the formalism to treat open systems driven by quantum noise. In the appendix, we derive useful bounds to the mutual information in terms of purities. Finally, we provide a detailed error analysis for finite system sizes. This analysis is valuable in its own right for the abstract theory of Toeplitz determinants.
The laws of thermodynamics and information for emergent cosmology
Hashemi, M; Farahani, S Vasheghani
2015-01-01
The aim here is to provide a set of equations for cosmology in terms of information and thermodynamical parameters. The method we implement in order to describe the universe is a development of Padmanabhan\\rq{}s approach which is based on the fact that emergence of the cosmic space is provided by the evolution of the cosmic time. In this line we obtain the Friedmann equation or its equivalent the conservation law in terms of information by the implementation of Laundauer\\rq{}s principle or in other words the information loss/production rate. Hence, a self consistent description of the universe is provided in terms of thermodynamical parameters. This is due to the fact that in this work the role of information which is the most important actor of all times, has stepped in to cosmology. We provide a picture of the emergent cosmology merely based on the information theory. In addition, we introduce a novel entropy on the horizon, which can also generalize Bekenstein-Hawking entropy for the asymptotic holographic...
Parallel partitioning strategies for the adaptive solution of conservation laws
Devine, K.D.; Flaherty, J.E.; Loy, R.M. [Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY (United States)] [and others
1995-12-31
We describe and examine the performance of adaptive methods for Solving hyperbolic systems of conservation laws on massively parallel computers. The differential system is approximated by a discontinuous Galerkin finite element method with a hierarchical Legendre piecewise polynomial basis for the spatial discretization. Fluxes at element boundaries are computed by solving an approximate Riemann problem; a projection limiter is applied to keep the average solution monotone; time discretization is performed by Runge-Kutta integration; and a p-refinement-based error estimate is used as an enrichment indicator. Adaptive order (p-) and mesh (h-) refinement algorithms are presented and demonstrated. Using an element-based dynamic load balancing algorithm called tiling and adaptive p-refinement, parallel efficiencies of over 60% are achieved on a 1024-processor nCUBE/2 hypercube. We also demonstrate a fast, tree-based parallel partitioning strategy for three-dimensional octree-structured meshes. This method produces partition quality comparable to recursive spectral bisection at a greatly reduced cost.
Radioactivity in the ocean: laws and biological effects
Hunsaker, C.T.
1985-01-01
This paper summarizes the literature on US laws and international agreements, experimental and monitoring data, and ongoing studies to provide background information for environmental assessment and regulatory compliance activities for ocean dumping of low-level radioactive waste. The Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act is the major US legislation governing ocean disposal of radioactive waste. The major international agreement on ocean dumping is the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and other Matter. The United States ended its ocean dumping of radioactive wastes in 1970, but other countries have continued ocean dumping under international supervision in the northeast Atlantic. Monitoring of former US disposal sites has neither revealed significant effects on marine biota nor indicated a hazard to human health. Also, no effects on marine organisms have been found that could be attributed to routine discharges into the Irish Sea from the Windscale reprocessing plant. We must improve our ability to predict the oceanic carrying capacity and the fate and effects of ionizing radiation in the marine environment.
Florida, University of
Dear Professor Mark E. Law: I am interested in receiving source code for FLOOPS/FLOODS version 2002. 6. I agree to acknowledge FLOOPS/FLOODS and Professor Mark E. Law of the University of Florida
Florida, University of
Dear Professor Mark E. Law: I am interested in receiving source code for FLOOPS/FLOODS version 2008. 6. I agree to acknowledge FLOOPS/FLOODS and Professor Mark E. Law of the University of Florida
Maclean, James B
2008-01-01
This thesis examines law from a mainly Whiteheadian, or ‘process’, perspective. Beginning with the judgement of Lord Justice Ward in the conjoined twins’ case, Re A, I identify a way of looking at law that centres on the ...
L. I. Petrova
2008-12-02
Historically it happen so that in branches of physics connected with field theory and of physics of material systems (continuous media) the concept of "conservation laws" has a different meaning. In field theory "conservation laws" are those that claim the existence of conservative physical quantities or objects. These are conservation laws for physical fields. In contrast to that in physics (and mechanics) of material systems the concept of "conservation laws" relates to conservation laws for energy, linear momentum, angular momentum, and mass that establish the balance between the change of physical quantities and external action. In the paper presented it is proved that there exist a connection between of conservation laws for physical fields and those for material systems. This points to the fact that physical fields are connected with material systems. Such results has an unique significance for field theories. This enables one to substantiate many basic principles of field theories, such as, for example, the unity of existing field theories and the causality. The specific feature of field theory equations, namely, their connection to the equations for material systems, is elicited. Such results have been obtained by using skew-symmetric differential forms, which reflect the properties of conservation laws.
Botea, Adi
Julia Gillard, Big Pharma, patent law and public health https://theconversation.edu.au/julia-gillard-big-pharma-patent Health + Medicine Politics + Society Science + Technology Julia Gillard, Big Pharma, patent law industry and their patents and has launched several inquiries into patent law and pharmaceutical drugs
Notes on several phenomenological laws of quantum gravity
Jean-Philippe Bruneton
2013-08-19
Phenomenological approaches to quantum gravity try to infer model-independent laws by analyzing thought experiments and combining both quantum, relativistic, and gravitational ingredients. We first review these ingredients -three basic inequalities- and discuss their relationships with the nature of fundamental constants. In particular, we argue for a covariant mass bound conjecture: in a spacetime free of horizon, the mass inside a surface $A$ cannot exceed $16 \\pi G^2 m^2inequalities and find/review the following: (1) Any system must have a size greater than the Planck length, in the sense that there exists a minimal area (2) We comment on the Minimal Length Scenarios and the fate of Lorentz symmetry near the Planck scale (3) Quanta with transplanckian frequencies are allowed in a large enough boxes (4) There exists a mass-dependent maximal acceleration given by $m c^3/\\hbar$ if $mm_p$ (5) There exists a mass dependent maximal force and power (6) There exists a maximal energy density and pressure (7) Physical systems must obey the Holographic Principle (8) Holographic bounds can only be saturated by systems with $m>m_p$; systems lying on the ``Compton line'' $l \\sim 1/m$ are fundamental objects without substructures (9) We speculate on a new bound from above for the action. In passing, we note that the maximal acceleration is of the order of Milgrom's acceleration $a_0$ for ultra-light particles ($m\\sim H_0)$ that could be associated to the Dark Energy fluid. This suggests designing toy-models in which modified gravity in galaxies is driven by the DE field, via the maximal acceleration principle.
Thaw, David Bernard
2011-01-01
assets. Current information security law in the Unitedimplications for information security professionalism inbeing abundant in the information security community: Yes,
He, X; Wang, L; Su, Y
2013-01-01
bs_bs_banner Above the Roof, Beneath the Law: Perceivedmigrant workers perch on roof tops or towering construction
80 BOSTONIA Summer 2014 As a student in the School of Law in the 1980s, Michael A. Gollin
) and Matthew Horowitz (LAW'14). Among the agencies where PIP grantees have worked are Greater Boston Legal
Limits on deviations from the inverse-square law on megaparsec scales
Carolyn Sealfon; Licia Verde; Raul Jimenez
2005-06-29
We present an attempt to constrain deviations from the gravitational inverse-square law on large-scale structure scales. A perturbed law modifies the Poisson equation, which implies a scale-dependent growth of overdensities in the linear regime and thus modifies the power spectrum shape. We use two large-scale structure surveys (the Sloan Digital Sky survey and the Anglo-Australian Two-degree field galaxy redshift survey) to constrain the parameters of two simple modifications of the inverse-square law. We find no evidence for deviations from normal gravity on the scales probed by these surveys (~ 10^(23) m.)
Star Formation in Isolated Disk Galaxies. II. Schmidt Laws and Efficiency of Gravitational Collapse
Yuexing Li; Mordecai-Mark Mac Low; Ralf S. Klessen
2006-02-21
(Abridged). We model gravitational instability in a wide range of isolated disk galaxies, using GADGET, a three-dimensional, smoothed particle hydrodynamics code. The model galaxies include a dark matter halo and a disk of stars and isothermal gas. The global Schmidt law observed in disk galaxies is quantitatively reproduced by our models. We find that the surface density of star formation rate directly correlates with the strength of local gravitational instability. The local Schmidt laws of individual galaxies in our models show clear evidence of star formation thresholds. Our results suggest that the non-linear development of gravitational instability determines the local and global Schmidt laws, and the star formation thresholds.
Absence of Power-Law Mid-Infrared Conductivity in Gravitational Crystals
Brandon W. Langley; Garrett Vanacore; Philip W. Phillips
2015-08-14
We compute conductivities of strongly-interacting and non-uniform charge densities dual to inhomogeneous anti-de Sitter--black hole spacetimes. Backreacting bulk scalars with periodic boundary profiles, we construct generalizations of Reissner-Nordstr\\"om-AdS that interpolate between those used in two previous studies --- one that reports power-law scaling for the boundary optical conductivity and one that does not. We find no evidence for power-law scaling of the conductivity, thereby corroborating the previous negative result that gravitational crystals are insufficient to generate the power-law mid-infrared conductivity observed in cuprate superconductors.
Further Study on the Conservation Laws of Energy-momentum Tensor Density for a Gravitational System
Chen Fang-Pei
2008-05-21
The various methods to derive Einstein conservation laws and the relevant definitions of energy-momentum tensor density for gravitational fields are studied in greater detail. It is shown that these methods are all equivalent. The study on the identical and different characteristics between Lorentz and Levi-Civita conservation laws and Einstein conservation laws is thoroughly explored. Whether gravitational waves carry the energy-momentum is discussed and some new interpretations for the energy exchanges in the gravitational systems are given. The viewpoint that PSR1913 does not verify the gravitational radiation is confirmed.
Power-Law and Long-Memory Characteristics of the Atmospheric General Circulation DMITRY I. VYUSHIN memory'' or ``power-law'' model. Such a model fits a temporal spectrum to a single power-law function, which thereby accumulates more power at lower frequencies than an AR1 fit. In this study, several power
Module No: 410111Introduction to LawModule Title: Co-requisite: Sources of obligation, intro to
Module No: 410111Introduction to LawModule Title: Co-requisite: Sources of obligation, intro (general part)m history of Law, environmental protection law, nationality Pre-requisite: Module Type: department requirementModule level: First year Evening StudyDaytime StudyCredit Hours: 3 Credit Hours Lecture
VANDEIlBILT UNIVEIlSITY POLICY ON COMPLIANCE WITH EXPORT CONTIlOL LAW AND REGULATION
Palmeri, Thomas
VANDEIlBILT UNIVEIlSITY POLICY ON COMPLIANCE WITH EXPORT CONTIlOL LAW AND REGULATION It is the policy of Vanderbilt University to comply with all applicable United States export-control laws and regulations. Export control laws and regulations prohibit the transfer of certain items and information
Kostic, Milivoje M.
Treatise with Reasoning Proof of the First Law of Energy Conservation Forced Interactions The First Law of Energy Conservation, have been traditionally accepted as axiomatic laws that cannot be proven but are never experienced otherwise. In this treatise we have focused on energy concept
Kostic, Milivoje M.
Treatise with Reasoning Proof of the Second Law of Energy Degradation: The Carnot Cycle Proof-Expansion -- Reversible Conservation of Energy and Entropy V. Physical Explanation and Reasoning Proof of the Second Law WITH REASONING PROOF OF THE SECOND LAW OF ENERGY DEGRADATION - M. KOSTIC, APRIL 6, 2006 PAGE 2 of 16 The theory
arXiv:astro-ph/0610865v130Oct2006 Power Laws and the Cosmic Ray Energy
arXiv:astro-ph/0610865v130Oct2006 Power Laws and the Cosmic Ray Energy Spectrum J. D. Hague a,1 B and preliminary Auger Cosmic Ray Energy spectra in an attempt to find deviation from a pure power-law. The first spectrum suggests deviation from a power-law. However, potentially large systematics on the relative energy
Myers, Chris
2014-01-01
understood and characterized. In this work, we report scaling laws for a model with SIR structure coupled with a constant force of infection per susceptible, akin to a "reservoir forcing". We find that the statistics
Slide 1www.kostic.niu.edu The Second Law of Energy Degradation
Kostic, Milivoje M.
nine) 2. Water 3. Food 4. Environment 5. Poverty 6. Terrorism & War 7. Disease 8. Education 9 recognized nowadays Sadi Carnot laid ingenious foundations for the Second Law of Thermodynamics before
Why Copyright Law Excludes Systems and Processes from the Scope of Its Protection
Samuelson, Pamela
2007-01-01
expression of them. Eaton Drone’s treatise on copyright law,only lie, according to Drone, “in the intellectual creationthe recently published Drone treatise that praised Drury. 63
Report to Congress on Server and Data Center Energy Efficiency: Public Law 109-431
Brown, Richard; Alliance to Save Energy; ICF Incorporated; ERG Incorporated; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
2008-01-01
and law to reduce energy per square foot in their facilitiesThe high energy use per square foot of data centers isbuilding energy use per gross square foot (GSF) by three
Urban land subdivision : a case for more practical by-laws, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Chen, Hsueh-Jane
1981-01-01
This thesis, dealing with the land subdivision in urban areas, evaluates inefficiency of the case studies resulting from inadequate and improper existing by-laws in Kaohsiung and provides guidelines for urban development. ...
Zu?n?iga Schroder, Humberto Angel
2009-01-01
Standards are necessary for an efficient functioning of the market and their regulation is an increasingly important area of law. Such is their importance that today it is possible to find thousands of standards developed ...
The Henry's law coefficient of 2-nitrophenol over the temperature range 278–303 K
Heal, Mathew R
2001-01-01
Although 2-nitrophenol has been identified as an important environmental chemical there is scarcity in the literature regarding the temperature dependence of its Henry's law coefficient, H. Here a bubble purge method was ...
BY-LAWS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING
McQuade, D. Tyler
BY-LAWS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING FAMU-FSU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING of Electrical and Computer Engineering, February 1, 2013) _______________________________________________________ __________ Approved, Chair, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Date
"Fully Aware of the Power of Words": Morality, Politics, and Law in the Rwandan "Media Trial"
Serber, Bradley
2012-10-19
Incitement to genocide is a fairly recent and elusive concept in international law. First used at Nuremberg, the concept did not reappear for more than fifty years, when the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) used it to convict...
Rejecting the Purity Myth: Reforming Rape Shield Laws in the Age of Social Media
Loewen, Kim
2015-01-01
e.g. , Shawn J. Wallach, Rape Shield Laws: Protecting The1997). David Haxton, Rape Shield Statutes: ConstitutionalPreamble to Transforming a Rape Culture (1st ed. 1993).
FAST Code Verification of Scaling Laws for DeepCwind Floating Wind System Tests: Preprint
Jain, A.; Robertson, A. N.; Jonkman, J. M.; Goupee, A. J.; Kimball, R. W.; Swift, A. H. P.
2012-04-01
This paper investigates scaling laws that were adopted for the DeepCwind project for testing three different floating wind systems at 1/50 scale in a wave tank under combined wind and wave loading.
Re-inventing Hoodia: Patent Law, Epistemic Citizenship, and the Making of Difference in South Africa
Foster, Laura
2012-01-01
and Conflict: Cancer, Patents, and Women's Health, 15 A M .1999. Burrell's South African Patent and Design Law. 3rd ed.Arthur Purcell. 1997. "Aids Patents Project." World Patent
Tunable power law in the desynchronization events of coupled chaotic electronic circuits
Oliveira, Gilson F. de Lorenzo, Orlando di; Chevrollier, Martine; Passerat de Silans, Thierry; Oriá, Marcos; Souza Cavalcante, Hugo L. D. de
2014-03-15
We study the statistics of the amplitude of the synchronization error in chaotic electronic circuits coupled through linear feedback. Depending on the coupling strength, our system exhibits three qualitatively different regimes of synchronization: weak coupling yields independent oscillations; moderate to strong coupling produces a regime of intermittent synchronization known as attractor bubbling; and stronger coupling produces complete synchronization. In the regime of moderate coupling, the probability distribution for the sizes of desynchronization events follows a power law, with an exponent that can be adjusted by changing the coupling strength. Such power-law distributions are interesting, as they appear in many complex systems. However, most of the systems with such a behavior have a fixed value for the exponent of the power law, while here we present an example of a system where the exponent of the power law is easily tuned in real time.
Second Law-Like Inequalities with Quantum Relative Entropy: An Introduction
Sagawa, Takahiro
2012-01-01
We review the basic properties of the quantum relative entropy for finite-dimensional Hilbert spaces. In particular, we focus on several inequalities that are related to the second law of thermodynamics, where the positivity and the monotonicity of the quantum relative entropy play key roles; these properties are directly applicable to derivations of the second law (e.g., the Clausius inequality). Moreover, the positivity is closely related to the quantum fluctuation theorem, while the monotonicity leads to a quantum version of the Hatano-Sasa inequality for nonequilibrium steady states. Based on the monotonicity, we also discuss the data processing inequality for the quantum mutual information, which has a similar mathematical structure to that of the second law. Moreover, we derive a generalized second law with quantum feedback control. In addition, we review a proof of the monotonicity in line with Petz.
Fitts' Law and human control of an electromyographic signal from the biceps brachii muscle group
Harrison, Kimberly L., S.B. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
2007-01-01
Six human subjects performed a modified Fitts' test by moving an electromyographic signal between two targets on a computer screen. For five out of six subjects, the results were consistent with Fitts' Law with correlation ...
Predicted and verified evolution of power-law exponent in product market
Hisano, Ryohei; Mizuno, Takayuki
2011-01-01
Power-law distributions constitute a generic empirical statistical regularity found in many complex systems. A recently developed theory finds that the interplay between one of the most universal ingredient, i.e., stochastic proportional growth, and stochastic birth and death processes, leads to generic power law distributions together with a non-universal exponent which depends explicitly on the characteristics of growth, birth and death. In particular, the theory rationalizes Zipf's law and explains deviations from it, for instance for the distribution of firm and of city sizes. Here, we report the first complete test of the theory, based on the empirical analysis from a real world complex phenomenon, namely the dynamics of market shares in the consumer electronics market. We estimate directly from the data the average growth rate of market shares, their standard deviation, the birth rates as well as the "death" hazard rate of products. When plugged in the theory, this predicts the power law exponent of the...
Derivation of Newton's Law of Gravitation Based on a Fluid Mechanical Singularity Model of Particles
Xiao-Song Wang
2006-10-25
We speculate that the universe may be filled with a kind of fluid which may be called aether or tao. Thus, Newton's law of gravitation is derived by methods of hydrodynamics based on a sink flow model of particles.
Gravitational Analog of Faraday's Law via Torsion and a Metric with an Antisymmetric Part
Philip D. Mannheim; J. J. Poveromo
2014-08-25
In this paper we show that in the presence of torsion and a metric with an antisymmetric part one can construct a gravitational analog of Faraday's law of electromagnetism.
Statistics of the gravitational force in various dimensions of space: from Gaussian to Levy laws
Pierre-Henri Chavanis
2009-07-28
We discuss the distribution of the gravitational force created by a Poissonian distribution of field sources (stars, galaxies,...) in different dimensions of space d. In d=3, it is given by a Levy law called the Holtsmark distribution. It presents an algebraic tail for large fluctuations due to the contribution of the nearest neighbor. In d=2, it is given by a marginal Gaussian distribution intermediate between Gaussian and Levy laws. In d=1, it is exactly given by the Bernouilli distribution (for any particle number N) which becomes Gaussian for N>>1. Therefore, the dimension d=2 is critical regarding the statistics of the gravitational force. We generalize these results for inhomogeneous systems with arbitrary power-law density profile and arbitrary power-law force in a d-dimensional universe.
Berry, R. Stephen
environment, the maximum extractable work is generally known now as the availability A (other names are exergy. Gaggioli, Ed., "Thermodynamics: Second Law Analysis", (3) R. C. Tolman and P. C. Fine, Reu. Mod.Phys., 20
Interface structure and flux laws in a natural double-diffusive Tobias Sommer,1,2
Wehrli, Bernhard
Interface structure and flux laws in a natural double-diffusive layering Tobias Sommer,1,2 Jeffrey fluxes can be overestimated by a factor of four. Citation: Sommer, T., J. R. Carpenter, M. Schmid, R. G
BLACKS IN THE LAW: PHILADELPHIA AND THE NATION by Geraldine R. Segal
Donegan, Charles E.
1984-01-01
42. Id. at 42. IN THE LAW: PHILADELPHIA AND THE NATION xix (On June 23, 1970, the Philadelphia Bar Association appointedBOOK BRIEFS PHILADELPHIA AND THE NATION. By Geraldine R.
Vermont – Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Law and Documentation of Discrimination
Sears, Brad
2009-01-01
1204(b); Civil Unions in Vermont are defined in V.S.A. tit.V.S.A. §§ 9700- 18 V.S.A. § 5075. VERMONT Williams InstituteReport G. Parenting Vermont law permits any person,
Bertsimas, Dimitris J.
We show that if performance measures in stochastic and dynamic scheduling problems satisfy generalized conservation laws, then the feasible space of achievable performance is a polyhedron called an extended polymatroid ...
Agamben’s Grammar of the Secret Under the Sign of the Law
Garrison, Alysia E.
2009-01-01
of the Law Alysia E. Garrison Published online: 18 AugustAgamben 2001). A. E. Garrison (&) Department of English,mail: agarrison@ucdavis.edu A. E. Garrison If adjectives are
The public philosophy of John Dewey and the evolution of law enforcement
Patterson, Michael Lewis
2004-09-30
This thesis identifies the convergence between John Dewey's ideas regarding the public and the evolution of law enforcement practices. There are four areas covered, those being responses to major shifts in cultural activities and assumptions...
Rule of law and party systems : a study of regional political parties in India
Ziegfeld, Adam W. (Adam Weston)
2009-01-01
Where do party systems come from? The first part of this dissertation argues that party system formation depends on the rule of law, which is defined as the extent to which the state uniformly implements and enforces its ...
No longer living together: how does Scots cohabitation law work in practice?
Wasoff, Fran; Miles, Jo; Mordaunt, Edith
In response to the greater diversity of family life in Scotland, the Family Law (Scotland) Act 2006 gives some recognition to people who live together without marriage or civil partnership and provides limited financial ...
Corrected form of the first law of thermodynamics for regular black holes
Meng-Sen Ma; Ren Zhao
2014-11-04
We show by explicit computations that there is a superficial inconsistency between the conventional first law of black hole thermodynamics and Bekenstein-Hawking area law for three types of regular black holes. The corrected form of the first law for these regular black holes is given. The derivation relies on the general structure of the energy-momentum tensor of the matter fields. When the black hole mass parameter $M$ is included in the energy-momentum tensor, the conventional form of the first law should be modified with an extra factor. In this case, the black hole mass $M$ can no longer be considered as the internal energy of the regular black holes.
Influence of U.S. immigration laws on Chinese immigration, United States, 1980 to 2002
Luo, Hua
2005-08-29
-1 INFLUENCE OF U.S. IMMIGRATION LAWS ON CHINESE IMMIGRATION, UNITED STATES, 1980 TO 2002 A Thesis by HUA LUO Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 2005 Major Subject: Sociology INFLUENCE OF U.S. IMMIGRATION LAWS ON CHINESE IMMIGRATION, UNITED STATES, 1980 TO 2002 A Thesis by HUA LUO Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A...
THE CASE FOR EXCELLENCE The University of Houston Law Center is a Tier One
Azevedo, Ricardo
in the field of energy that will allow graduates to practice in both the U.S. and Canada. "Being in a large.S. News & World Report · UH Law Center part-time program is ranked 16th nationally by U.S. News & World among 200 law schools in the nation by U.S. News & World Report. Students work toward J.D., LL
Generalized second law at linear order for actions that are functions of Lovelock densities
Sudipta Sarkar; Aron C. Wall
2015-05-19
In this article we consider the second law of black holes (and other causal horizons) in theories where the gravitational action is an arbitrary function of the Lovelock densities. We show that there exists an entropy which increases locally, for linearized perturbations to regular Killing horizons. In addition to a classical increase theorem, we also prove a generalized second law for semiclassical, minimally-coupled matter fields.
European Union Data Protection Law and Media Expression: Fundamentally Off Balance
Erdos, David O.
2015-06-16
The laws of three countries (*Croatia, *Czech Republic and *Spain) provide no media derogation at all from any part of the data protection scheme. All these countries are therefore placed in category a/1 in relation to each data protection provision... the availability of media derogations in relation to all of the above principles. The law of some eighteen jurisdictions (Belgium, *Bulgaria, *Croatia, Cyprus, *Czech Republic, *Estonia, Greece, Hungary, *Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands...
M. R. Setare
2007-01-26
In the present paper we consider the interacting holographic model of dark energy to investigate the validity of the generalized second laws of thermodynamics in non-flat (closed) universe enclosed by the event horizon measured from the sphere of the horizon named $L$. We show that for $L$ as the system's IR cut-off the generalized second law is respected for the special range of the deceleration parameter.
Ampere's Law and Energy Loss in AdS/CFT Duality
Sang-Jin Sin; Ismail Zahed
2006-08-09
We note that the energy loss in ${\\cal N}=4$ SYM measures directly the spatial string tension $\\sigma_S=\\pi\\sqrt{\\lambda}T^2/2$ which is at the origin of the area law for large spatial Wilson loops. We show that the latter reflects on the nonperturbative nature of Ampere's law in ${\\cal N}=4$ SYM both in vacuum and at finite temperature.
Second Law Analysis for Process and Energy Engineering: Use in a Steam/Power Cycle
Sama, D.; Sanhong, Q.
1988-01-01
for Process and Energy Engineering: Use in a Steam/Power Cycle I Dominick Sama Richard Gaggloli Daniel Finkenthal William Cooley Unlverlsty of Lowell Introduction The objective of this paper Is to demonstrate how the use of lhe 2nd Law can help... might exist in an environment where absolute temperature, pressure. chemical potential, electric potential, . . . were all zero, for the user at realistic conditions energy does not -- the 2nd law concept, exergy, does .- represent ?potentlal...
Power-law and intermediate inflationary models in $f(T)$-gravity
K. Rezazadeh; A. Abdolmaleki; K. Karami
2015-09-26
We study inflation in the framework of $f(T)$-gravity in the presence of a canonical scalar field. After reviewing the basic equations governing the background cosmology in $f(T)$-gravity, we turn to study the cosmological perturbations and obtain the evolutionary equations for the scalar and tensor perturbations. Solving those equations, we find the power spectra for the scalar and tensor perturbations. Then, we consider a power-law form for the $f(T)$ function in the action and examine the inflationary models with the power-law and intermediate scale factors. We see that in contrast with the standard inflationary scenario based on the Einstein gravity, in the considered $f(T)$-gravity scenario, the power-law and intermediate inflationary models can be compatible with the observational results of Planck 2015 at 68\\% CL. In our $f(T)$-gravity setting, the potentials responsible for both the power-law and intermediate inflationary models have the power-law form $V(\\phi ) \\propto {\\phi ^m}$ but the power $m$ is different for them. Therefore, we can refine some of power-law inflationary potentials in the framework of $f(T)$-gravity while they are disfavored by the observational data in the standard inflationary scenario. Interestingly enough, the self-interacting quartic potential $V(\\phi ) \\propto {\\phi ^4}$ which has special reheating properties, can be consistent with the Planck 2015 data in our $f(T)$-gravity scenario while it is ruled out in the standard inflationary scenario.