Memorandum of Understanding between DOI and DOA - Implementation...
coordination and establish policies and procedures to implement Section 225 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, Public Law 109-58 (hereinafter the "Act"). Section 225 requires...
Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Activities, Progress, and Plans: Report...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
January 2009 Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Activities, Progress, and Plans Report to Congress Preface This Department of Energy report addresses subsection 811(a) of Public Law 109-58,...
4-28-09_Final_Testimony_(Chalk).pdf
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
into law as Pub. L. No. 109-58; EISA as Pub. L. No. 110-140. 2 DOE, 2008 Building Energy Data Book. 3 A net-zero energy building is a residential or commercial building...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
Guidance for EPAct 2005 Section 242 Program I. Purpose In the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct 2005; Public Law 109-58) Congress established a new program to support the expansion...
Draft Report to Congress: Energy Policy Act of 2005, Section...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
pursuant to Section 1813 of Public Law (Pub. L.) 109-58, the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct). Draft Report to Congress: Energy Policy Act of 2005, Section 1813, Indian Land...
Matching Law Visualization Tool
Reed, Derek D.
2015-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
Herrnstein’s quantitative law of effect describes relative allocation of behavior as a function of relative rates of reinforcement. This robust relation has since been termed the “matching law” and is expressed in either a linear regression function...
Chinese Business Law Postgraduate
Einmahl, Uwe
· Contracts for supply and use of electricity, water, gas or heating · Contracts for donation · Contracts for construction projects · Contracts for transportation · Contracts for technology · Contracts for storage · Financial law · Foreign exchange regulation · Government procurement law · Price fixing regulations Courses
Kostic, Milivoje M.
SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS: STATUS AND CHALLENGES San Diego, California, USA 14 15 June 2011 The First Law of energy conservation was even known (Joule 1843) and long before Thermodynamic concepts were, including this one. The Laws of Thermodynamics have much wider, including philosophical significance
The Law of Hazardous Waste: CERCLA, RCRA, & Common Law Claims
Kammen, Daniel M.
Law 273.4 The Law of Hazardous Waste: CERCLA, RCRA, & Common Law Claims (Fall 2008) Units: 3 CCN (2, The Law of Hazardous Waste Disposal and Remediation (2d ed. 2005) Syllabus Class 1 August 19 Claims on Federal Law: 1. Miller & Johnston The Law of Hazardous Waste Disposal and Remediation 2. Ch. III, Intro
Narasimhan, T.N.
2007-10-17T23:59:59.000Z
In a world with water resources severely impacted bytechnology, science must actively contribute to water law. To this end,this paper is an earth scientist s attempt to comprehend essentialelements of water law, and to examine their connections to science.Science and law share a common logical framework of starting with apriori prescribed tenets, and drawing consistent inferences. In science,observationally established physical laws constitute the tenets, while inlaw, they stem from social values. The foundations of modern water law inEurope and the New World were formulated nearly two thousand years ago byRoman jurists who were inspired by Greek philosophy of reason.Recognizing that vital natural elements such as water, air, and the seawere governed by immutable natural laws, they reasoned that theseelements belonged to all humans, and therefore cannot be owned as privateproperty. Legally, such public property was to be governed by jusgentium, the law of all people or the law of all nations. In contrast,jus civile or civil law governed private property. Remarkably, jusgentium continues to be relevant in our contemporary society in whichscience plays a pivotal role in exploiting vital resources common to all.This paper examines the historical roots of modern water law, followstheir evolution through the centuries, and examines how the spirit ofscience inherent in jus gentium is profoundly influencing evolving waterand environmental laws in Europe, the United States and elsewhere. In atechnological world, scientific knowledge has to lie at the core of waterlaw. Yet, science cannot formulate law. It is hoped that a philosophicalunderstanding of the relationships between science and law willcontribute to their constructively coming together in the service ofsociety.
Statistical laws in linguistics
Altmann, Eduardo G
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Zipf's law is just one out of many universal laws proposed to describe statistical regularities in language. Here we review and critically discuss how these laws can be statistically interpreted, fitted, and tested (falsified). The modern availability of large databases of written text allows for tests with an unprecedent statistical accuracy and also a characterization of the fluctuations around the typical behavior. We find that fluctuations are usually much larger than expected based on simplifying statistical assumptions (e.g., independence and lack of correlations between observations).These simplifications appear also in usual statistical tests so that the large fluctuations can be erroneously interpreted as a falsification of the law. Instead, here we argue that linguistic laws are only meaningful (falsifiable) if accompanied by a model for which the fluctuations can be computed (e.g., a generative model of the text). The large fluctuations we report show that the constraints imposed by linguistic laws...
Zipf's law, power laws, and maximum entropy
Visser, Matt
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Zipf's law, and power laws in general, have attracted and continue to attract considerable attention in a wide variety of disciplines - from astronomy to demographics to economics to linguistics to zoology, and even warfare. A recent model of random group formation [RGF] attempts a general explanation of such phenomena based on Jaynes' notion of maximum entropy applied to a particular choice of cost function. In the present article I argue that the cost function used in the RGF model is in fact unnecessarily complicated, and that power laws can be obtained in a much simpler way by applying maximum entropy ideas directly to the Shannon entropy subject only to a single constraint: that the average of the logarithm of the observable quantity is specified.
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
This law authorizes the establishment of rules and regulations covering the design, fabrication, installation, inspection, testing and safety standards for installation, operation and maintenance...
College of Law LLM in Oil and Gas Law
Martin, Ralph R.
College of Law LLM in Oil and Gas Law New LLM in Oil and Gas Law launched to complement our other internationally acclaimed LLM degrees NEW Holman Fenwick Willan is proud to sponsor the LLM Prize in Oil and Gas impressive range of courses on maritime and commercial law, the new LLM in Oil and Gas Law will allow
Dresden, Gregory
. Bentley Professor of Law Scott E. Sundby, J.D. Sydney and Frances Lewis Professor of Law Sarah Kirsten Zanolli Natkin, J.D. Clinical Professor of Law Clifford R. Larsen, M.A., J.D. Professor of Law Ronald J.M. Professor of Law and Director, Frances Lewis Law Center Darryl K. Brown, M.A., J.D. Class of 1958 Alumni
Solar Easements and Rights Laws
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Washington's solar easement laws are similar to those in many other states. The law does not create an automatic right to sunlight. Rather, the law allows parties to enter into solar easement...
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
This law authorizes the Land Reclamation Commission of the Department of Natural Resources to adopt and promulgate rules and regulations pertaining to strip mining of coal and reclamation, review...
Motomura, Hiroshi
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Local Immigration Laws, 61 SMU L. Rev. 47, 53 (2008) (notingWhat Is a “Sanctuary”? , 61 SMU L. Rev. 133, 151–54 (2008) (Improve Income Distribution, 61 SMU L. Rev. 23, 25 (2008) (
Reviving Telecommunications Surveillance Law
Schwartz, Paul M.
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
attorney general to report to Congress). File: 12 Schwartzin obtaining the official reports to Congress for 1999–2003Chicago Law Review reports to Congress on the FBI’s use of
Carbonara, Emanuela; Parisi, Francesco; Wangenheim, Georg von
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Unjust Laws and Illegal Norms ? Emanuela Carbonara 1 -imposing a fine for a given illegal activity, the law raisesto peer technology for illegal music downloading. identifies
First Law of Thermodynamics First Law of Thermodynamics
Winokur, Michael
First Law of Thermodynamics First Law of Thermodynamics Eth =W +Q Thermal energy Eth : Microscopic. #12;First Law of Thermodynamics Work W done on a gas is (area under the pV curve) W = - pdV = Vi Vf - tools First Law of Thermodynamics An adiabatic process is one for which Q = 0. Fast process but still
The Law of Hazardous Waste: CERCLA, RCRA, & Common Law Claims
Kammen, Daniel M.
Law 273.4 The Law of Hazardous Waste: CERCLA, RCRA, & Common Law Claims (Fall 2006) Units: 3 CCN (2 of Hazardous Waste Disposal and Remediation (2d ed. 2005) Syllabus Class 1 August 22 Claims Based on Common: 1. Miller & Johnston The Law of Hazardous Waste Disposal and Remediation 2. Ch. III, Intro to RCRA
Undergraduate Handbook School of Law
Hickman, Mark
Undergraduate Handbook School of Law Critique. LLB and BCJ 2015LAW #12;#12;Contents 5 Welcome has been taken to ensure the information contained in this School of Law Undergraduate Handbook of Canterbury Calendar is definitive. School of Law Undergraduate Handbook published March 2015. 10 LLB
The Copernican Model and Kepler's Laws
Howard, Don
and Kepler's Laws Galileo on Motion Newton's Principia Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation Some Old
FACULTY OF LAW Centre for Commercial Law Studies
Tan, Chew Lim
FACULTY OF LAW Centre for Commercial Law Studies SEMINAR ON FINANCIAL REGULATORY REFORM Obama recently signed into law a package of financial regulatory reforms unparalleled in scope and depth since the 1930s. The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act is intended
Solar Easements and Rights Laws
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Maryland has a long-standing law protecting the rights of solar energy system owners. The original law prohibited restrictive land use covenants that imposed unreasonable limitations on the...
Term statistics Zipf's law text statistics
Lu, Jianguo
Term statistics Zipf's law text statistics October 20, 2014 text statistics 1 / 19 #12;Term statistics Zipf's law Overview 1 Term statistics 2 Zipf's law text statistics 2 / 19 #12;Term statistics Zipf's law Outline 1 Term statistics 2 Zipf's law text statistics 3 / 19 #12;Term statistics Zipf's law Model
Solar Easements and Rights Laws
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Indiana state law includes both covenant restrictions and solar easement provisions. The state's covenant restrictions prevent planning and zoning authorities from prohibiting or unreasonably...
Solar Easements and Rights Laws
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Solar access provisions in the General Laws of Massachusetts allow for the creation of voluntary solar easements to protect solar exposure and authorizes zoning rules that prohibit unreasonable...
POSTGRADUATE GUIDE SCHOOL OF LAW
Levi, Ran
for the oil industry, Aberdeen's influence stretches far beyond the local region. Leading oil companies Over 500 years of teaching and research excellence A top UK Law School Dedicated Law Library containing,000 and a large international community of students drawn from 120 different countries. Ranked in the top 1
Say's Law and modern macroeconomics
Van Allen, Laurel Cameron
2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z
Many economists have debated the interpretation of what is known as "Say's Law of markets"; it has been the subject of controversy for two centuries. Jean Baptiste Say describes Say's Law by noting that the "success of one branch of commerce...
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The Federal Bar Association is hosting the 40th Annual Indian Law Conference. This two-day conference focuses on the significant changes that have occurred in the relationship between Tribal Nations and the United States in the last four decades. The conference will cover several topics, including climate change, Indian Law, tribal courts, and more.
Philadelphia University Faculty of law-
sources of knowledge to benefit from information 5. enable students to become team players and respond for companies in civil law, and then moves to corporate law to study the sources and characteristics conciliation and its formal and objective terms, and its legal provisions are included in the study Course
Research Report faculty of law
Tobar, Michael
Research student profile | 07 Crime Research Centre | 09 The Centre for Mining, Energy and Natural as contribute to inter-disciplinary projects and debates. The outputs of the Law School's research include entities: the Centre for Mining, Energy and Natural Resources Law, the Consumer Research Unit and the Crime
Contracting Out of National Law: An Empirical Look at the New Law Merchant
Drahozal, Christopher R.
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
law,” the “lex mercatoria,” the “new law merchant,” “transnational commercial law,” or the like. An extensive scholarly literature explores the theory of transnational commercial law and seeks to derive its governing principles from international...
ALBERTA LAW REFORM INSTITUTE EDMONTON, ALBERTA
MacMillan, Andrew
ALBERTA LAW REFORM INSTITUTE EDMONTON, ALBERTA CONTRACTS FOR THE SALE AND PURCHASE OF LAND;#12;Table of Contents ALBERTA LAW REFORM INSTITUTE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 CHAPTER 2. COMPARISON OF THE PRESENT AND PREVIOUS LAW OF ALBERTA
Law School Event Composting Guide
Wolfe, Patrick J.
Law School Event Composting Guide HLS SUSTAINABILITY PROGRAM JANUARY 2011 Thank you for your interest in event composting! Separating materials for composting is easy, and organic materials comprise a significant portion of event waste. Composting instead
Louisiana Air Control Law (Louisiana)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
This law states regulations for air quality control and states the powers and duties of the secretary of environmental quality. It provides information about permits and licenses, air quality...
Technetium Retention During LAW Vitrification
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
Product Melt Pool Bubbling Unagitated JHCM (West Valley, DWPF prior to October 2010, Germany, Japan) Agitated JHCM (M-Area, WTP LAW, WTP HLW, DWPF after October 2010) * WTP HLW...
Surface Coal Mining Law (Missouri)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
This law aims to provide for the regulation of coal mining in order to minimize or prevent its adverse effects, protect the environment to the extent possible, protect landowner rights, and...
Missouri Air Conservation Law (Missouri)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
This law's purpose is to maintain the purity of the air resources of the state to protect the health, general welfare and physical property of the people, maximum employment and the full industrial...
Solar and Wind Permitting Laws
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
New Jersey has enacted three separate laws addressing local permitting practices for solar and wind energy facilities. The first deals with solar and wind facilities located in industrial-zoned...
Clean Water Partnership Law (Minnesota)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The main purpose of the Clean Water Partnership Law is to provide financial and technical assistance to local governments for the protection, enhancement, and restoration of surface waters. However...
Georgia Waste Control Law (Georgia)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The Waste Control Law makes it unlawful to dump waste in any lakes, streams or surfaces waters of the State or on any private property without consent of the property owner. Waste is very broadly...
Louisiana Hazardous Waste Control Law (Louisiana)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality is responsible for administering the Louisiana Hazardous Waste Control Law and the regulations created under that law.
Securities Law Issues Relating to Community Solar Projects
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The law firm Stoel Rives has analyzed the issues related to Securities Law and Community Solar both in the context of Washington state law and federal law.
School of Law Web Policy Introduction
Almor, Amit
School of Law Web Policy Introduction The University of South Carolina School of Law website of Law web resources. It also protects students, faculty and staff from inappropriate use of School of Law web resources. Also, students, faculty, and staff that create, design, update, and publish
Fourier's Law from Closure Equations
Jean Bricmont; Antti Kupiainen
2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
We give a rigorous derivation of Fourier's law from a system of closure equations for a nonequilibrium stationary state of a Hamiltonian system of coupled oscillators subjected to heat baths on the boundary. The local heat flux is proportional to the temperature gradient with a temperature dependent heat conductivity and the stationary temperature exhibits a nonlinear profile.
Second laws under control restrictions
H. Wilming; R. Gallego; J. Eisert
2015-07-28T23:59:59.000Z
The second law of thermodynamics, formulated as an ultimate bound on the maximum extractable work, has been rigorously derived in multiple scenarios. However, the unavoidable limitations that emerge due to the lack of control on small systems are often disregarded when deriving such bounds, which is specifically important in the context of quantum thermodynamics. Here, we study the maximum extractable work with limited control over the working system and its interaction with the heat bath. We derive a general second law when the set of accessible Hamiltonians of the working-system is arbitrarily restricted. We then apply our bound to particular scenarios that are important in realistic implementations: limitations on the maximum energy gap and local control over many-body systems. We hence demonstrate in what precise way the lack of control affects the second law. In particular, contrary to the unrestricted case, we show that the optimal work extraction is not achieved by simple thermal contacts. Our results do not only generalize the second law to scenarios of practical relevance, but also take first steps in the direction of local thermodynamics.
Beyond Unions, Notwithstanding Labor Law
Loudon, Catherine
regime created by the National Labor Relations Act of 1935 (NLRA)1--once core elements of the nation, enforcement strategies, and rulemaking abilities.4 The labor law itself has been transformed into a weapon movement is critical to achieving a more egalitarian distribution of wealth. As the NLRA's statement
Wind Access and Permitting Law
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
In July 2009, the Delaware legislature enacted a law ([http://www.legis.delaware.gov/LIS/LIS145.NSF/bfa9b1a8c49c444f852568c0005... HS 1 for H.B. 70]) prohibiting unreasonable public and private...
COLLEGE OF LAW UNDERGRADUATE STUDIES
Martin, Ralph R.
university research centres in the areas of Environmental and Energy Law and Policy, Criminal Justice and staff from over forty countries, including countries in Europe, the Middle East, Africa, Asia and North and South America. You will make enduring friendships here and build lasting memories of your time with us
Zhou, Pei
Page 1 Copyright (c) 2009 Georgetown Journal on Poverty Law & Policy Georgetown Journal on Poverty Law & Policy Spring, 2009 16 Geo. J. Poverty Law & Pol'y 273 SPEECH: The Redefined Hero: Discovering
PHILOSOPHY, POLITICS,PHILOSOPHY, POLITICS,PHILOSOPHY, POLITICS, & LAW& LAW& LAW
Krylov, Anna I.
of USC. The Unruh Research in Applied Politics Program supports research that addresses political topics of concern to the polity. Study Abroad: Explore the origins of Western philosophy by spending a year -- Nature, origin, and development of international law; basic principles analyzed and illustrated
Power Law in Hadron Production
Gazdzicki, M; Gazdzicki, Marek; Gorenstein, Mark I.
2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In high energy p+p interactions the mean multiplicity of neutral mesons (from eta to Upsilon) and the transverse mass spectra of pions (m_T= 1 - 15 GeV/c^2) reveal a remarkable universal behaviour: they follow, over 10 orders of magnitude, the same power law function: C m_(T)^(-P). This scaling is rather similar to that expected in the statistical description of hadron production: the parameter P plays the role of a temperature and the normalisation constant C is analogous to the system volume. The fundamental difference is, however, in the form of the distribution function. In order to reproduce the experimental results and preserve the basic structure of the statistical approach the Boltzmann factor e^(-E^*/T) appearing in standard statistical mechanics has to be substituted by a power law factor (E^*/\\Lambda)^(-P).
An Economics-Based Second Law Efficiency
Mistry, Karan Hemant
Second Law efficiency is a useful parameter for characterizing the energy requirements of a system in relation to the limits of performance prescribed by the Laws of Thermodynamics. However, since energy costs typically ...
Family Law and the Genomic Revolution
Torrance, Andrew W.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
, personalized genomics, and gene therapy, coupled with the flux in the law of gene patents (and patents on related inventions), will ensure the substantial transformation of the legal milieu in which parents make reproductive choices. Family law...
Is the statement of Murphy's Law valid?
Chatterjee, Atanu
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Murphy's Law is $not$ a law in the formal sense yet popular science often compares it with the Second Law of Thermodynamics as both the statements point toward a more disorganized state with time. In this paper, we first construct a mathematically equivalent statement for Murphy's Law and then disprove it using the intuitive idea that energy differences will level off along the paths of steepest descent, or along trajectories of least action.
Climate Change Laws of the World Project Columbia Center for Climate Change Law
Climate Change Laws of the World Project Columbia Center for Climate Change Law Monica Molina, Columbia College '14 Supervisor Meredith Wilensky, J.D. Introduction The Climate Change Laws of the World Project is an ongoing effort at the Center for Climate Change Law (CCCL) to aggregate existing domestic
LLM Oil, Gas and Mining Law Module Information: Oil, Gas & Mining Environmental Law I and
Evans, Paul
LLM Oil, Gas and Mining Law Module Information: Oil, Gas & Mining Environmental Law I and Oil, Gas of the area of Oil, Gas &, Mining Environmental Law; 2. communicate complex legal concepts that apply within the area of Oil, Gas & Mining & Environmental Law to a high level of competence; and 3. deploy a highly
Profit Neutrality in Licensing: The Boundary Between Antitrust Law and Patent Law
Sadoulet, Elisabeth
Profit Neutrality in Licensing: The Boundary Between Antitrust Law and Patent Law Stephen M. Maurer a century, courts and commentators have struggled to find principles that reconcile patent and antitrust law, especially as to patent licensing. We interpret case law and commentary to arrive at three unifying
L1 Stability for scalar balance laws. L1 Stability for scalar balance laws.
Mercier, Magali
L1 Stability for scalar balance laws. L1 Stability for scalar balance laws. Control 2010 Magali Mercier (Institut Camille Jordan, Lyon) L1 Stability for scalar balance laws. Parma, 15th February 2010 1 / 30 #12;L1 Stability for scalar balance laws. Introduction. Introduction Scalar balance
Freytag, Johann-Christoph
Humboldt Consumer Law Clinic Die Idee: Durch die Humboldt Consumer Law Clinic wird Studierenden rechtlich zu beraten. Die Humboldt Consumer Law Clinic bietet Ihnen eine hervorragende Möglichkeit Theorie und Praxis zu verbinden! Das Projekt: Wenn Sie sich für ein Jahr Humboldt Consumer Law Clinic
Baseline LAW Glass Formulation Testing
Kruger, Albert A. [USDOE Office of River Protection, Richland, WA (United States); Mooers, Cavin [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab.; Bazemore, Gina [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Pegg, Ian L. [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Hight, Kenneth [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Lai, Shan Tao [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Buechele, Andrew [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Rielley, Elizabeth [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Gan, Hao [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Muller, Isabelle S. [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Cecil, Richard [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab
2013-06-13T23:59:59.000Z
The major objective of the baseline glass formulation work was to develop and select glass formulations that are compliant with contractual and processing requirements for each of the LAW waste streams. Other objectives of the work included preparation and characterization of glasses with respect to the properties of interest, optimization of sulfate loading in the glasses, evaluation of ability to achieve waste loading limits, testing to demonstrate compatibility of glass melts with melter materials of construction, development of glass formulations to support ILAW qualification activities, and identification of glass formulation issues with respect to contract specifications and processing requirements.
2012 school of law catalog 2013 This publication is for
........................................................................................ 8 Wheat Law Library ................................................................................................................... 8 Library Faculty Members Classification .......................................
Power Law in Hadron Production
Marek Gazdzicki; Mark I. Gorenstein
2001-08-14T23:59:59.000Z
In high energy p+p(bar) interactions the mean multiplicity and transverse mass spectra of neutral mesons from eta to Upsilon (m = 0.5 - 10 GeV/c^2) and the transverse mass spectra of pions (m_T > 1 GeV/c^2) reveal a remarkable behaviour: they follow, over more than 10 orders of magnitude, the power-law function:The parameters C and P are energy dependent, but similar for all mesons produced at the same collision energy. This scaling resembles that expected in the statistical description of hadron production: the parameter P plays the role of a temperature and the normalisation constant C is analogous to the system volume. The fundamental difference is, however, in the form of the distribution function. In order to reproduce the experimental results and preserve the basic structure of the statistical approach the Boltzmann factor e^(-E/T) appearing in standard statistical mechanics has to be substituted by a power-law factor (E/Lambda)^(-P).
Grzegorz Wilk; Zbigniew W?odarczyk
2014-12-12T23:59:59.000Z
Quasi-power law ensembles are discussed from the perspective of nonextensive Tsallis distributions characterized by a nonextensive parameter $q$. A number of possible sources of such distributions are presented in more detail. It is further demonstrated that data suggest that nonextensive parameters deduced from Tsallis distributions functions $f\\left(p_T\\right)$, $q_1$, and from multiplicity distributions (connected with Tsallis entropy), $q_2$, are not identical and that they are connected via $q_1 + q_2 = 2$. It is also shown that Tsallis distributions can be obtained directly from Shannon information entropy, provided some special constraints are imposed. They are connected with the type of dynamical processes under consideration (additive or multiplicative). Finally, it is shown how a Tsallis distribution can accommodate the log-oscillating behavior apparently seen in some multiparticle data.
Wilk, Grzegorz
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Quasi-power law ensembles are discussed from the perspective of nonextensive Tsallis distributions characterized by a nonextensive parameter $q$. A number of possible sources of such distributions are presented in more detail. It is further demonstrated that data suggest that nonextensive parameters deduced from Tsallis distributions functions $f\\left(p_T\\right)$, $q_1$, and from multiplicity distributions (connected with Tsallis entropy), $q_2$, are not identical and that they are connected via $q_1 + q_2 = 2$. It is also shown that Tsallis distributions can be obtained directly from Shannon information entropy, provided some special constraints are imposed. They are connected with the type of dynamical processes under consideration (additive or multiplicative). Finally, it is shown how a Tsallis distribution can accommodate the log-oscillating behavior apparently seen in some multiparticle data.
The second laws of quantum thermodynamics
Fernando G. S. L. Brandao; Micha? Horodecki; Nelly Huei Ying Ng; Jonathan Oppenheim; Stephanie Wehner
2014-09-25T23:59:59.000Z
The second law of thermodynamics tells us which state transformations are so statistically unlikely that they are effectively forbidden. Its original formulation, due to Clausius, states that "Heat can never pass from a colder to a warmer body without some other change, connected therewith, occurring at the same time". The second law applies to systems composed of many particles interacting; however, we are seeing that one can make sense of thermodynamics in the regime where we only have a small number of particles interacting with a heat bath. Is there a second law of thermodynamics in this regime? Here, we find that for processes which are cyclic or very close to cyclic, the second law for microscopic systems takes on a very di?erent form than it does at the macroscopic scale, imposing not just one constraint on what state transformations are possible, but an entire family of constraints. In particular, we find a family of free energies which generalise the traditional one, and show that they can never increase. We further find that there are three regimes which determine which family of second laws govern state transitions, depending on how cyclic the process is. In one regime one can cause an apparent violation of the usual second law, through a process of embezzling work from a large system which remains arbitrarily close to its original state. These second laws are not only relevant for small systems, but also apply to individual macroscopic systems interacting via long-range interactions, which only satisfy the ordinary second law on average. By making precise the definition of thermal operations, the laws of thermodynamics take on a simple form with the first law defining the class of thermal operations, the zeroeth law emerging as a unique condition ensuring the theory is nontrivial, and the remaining laws being a monotonicity property of our generalised free energies.
The second law of blackhole dynamics
Koustubh Ajit Kabe
2010-03-08T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, the non-generalized or restricted second law blackhole dynamics as given by Bekenstein in the beginning is restated, with a rigid proof, in a different form akin to the statement of the second law of thermodynamics given by Clausius. The various physical possibilities and implications of this statement are discussed therein. This paper is a mere venture into the restricted second law of blackhole dynamics pertaining to blackholes emitting Hawking radiation. The paper thus considers a didactically interesting reformulation of the second law of blackhole thermodynamics after some revisions.
Modernizing Patent Law's Inequitable Conduct Doctrine
Cotropia, Christopher
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
can either be filed by the inventor herself or by a patentwho is representing the inventor. 20 "Patent prosecution" ispatent law requires the inventor put in the patent's
Fourier's Law for a Granular Fluid
James W. Dufty
2007-07-07T23:59:59.000Z
Newton' viscosity law for the momentum flux and Fourier's law for the heat flux define Navier-Stokes hydrodynamics for a simple, one component fluid. There is ample evidence that a hydrodynamic description applies as well to a mesoscopic granular fluid with the same form for Newton's viscosity law. However, theory predicts a qualitative difference for Fourier's law with an additional contribution from density gradients even at uniform temperature. The reasons for the absence of such terms for normal fluids are indicated, and a related microscopic explanation for their existence in granular fluids is presented.
Modernizing Patent Law's Inequitable Conduct Doctrine
Cotropia, Christopher
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
conduct doctrine, but the patent system in general. Berkeleyof the currently pending patent reform legislation containsUTCLE 12th Annual Advanced Patent Law Institute, http://
Federal Highway Admininstration - Law Enforcement Escort - Best...
Admininstration - Law Enforcement Escort - Best Practices Guidelines Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory Guidance - Guide...
The Snell law for quaternionic potentials
De Leo, Stefano, E-mail: deleo@ime.unicamp.br [Department of Applied Mathematics, State University of Campinas, São Paulo (Brazil); Ducati, Gisele C., E-mail: ducati@ufabc.edu.br [CMCC, Universidade Federal do ABC, São Paulo (Brazil)
2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
By using the analogy between optics and quantum mechanics, we obtain the Snell law for the planar motion of quantum particles in the presence of quaternionic potentials.
Renewable Energy Easements and Rights Laws
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Florida law forbids ordinances, deed restrictions, covenants, declarations or similar binding agreements from prohibiting the use of solar collectors (including clotheslines) or "other energy...
Commercial Law and Development in Kenya
Mutunga, Willy
1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
communalism, slavery, feudalism, capitalism and communism.the ruins of British feudalism . The bourgeoisie thereafterof commercial law. While under feudalism it had functioned
Tribal Energy and Environmental Information Clearinghouse - Laws...
search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Tribal Energy and Environmental Information Clearinghouse - Laws and Regulations Applicable to Geothermal Energy...
Solar Easements & Local Option Solar Rights Laws
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Utah's solar easement provisions are similar to easement provisions in many other states. Parties may voluntarily enter into written solar easement contracts that are enforceable by law. An...
Solar and Wind Easements and Rights Laws and Local Option Solar Rights Law
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Oregon has several laws that protect access to solar and wind resources and the use of solar energy systems. Oregon's solar access laws date back to 1979 and state that no person conveying or...
Closed Loop System with Feedback Control MISO control laws SISO control law
Ben-Yakar, Adela
Advanced Power Systems and Controls Laboratory Methodology: · Supervisory switching control based on power to modeling uncertainties and measurement noise Contribution: · Supervisory switching controllerClosed Loop System with Feedback Control MISO control laws SISO control law Switching Control
Careers in Patent LawCareers in Patent Law Mitchell Jones
Sheridan, Jennifer
Careers in Patent LawCareers in Patent Law Mitchell Jones Partner Medlen & Carroll, LLP #12;Career position Patent law seemed like a good alternative #12;Intellectual PropertyIntellectual Property Patents Trademarks Copyright Trade secrets #12;Patent BasicsPatent Basics New, useful and non-obvious Granted
Chicago-Kent College of Law Chicago-Kent College of Law
Heller, Barbara
.D. program. Business Law Criminal Litigation Environmental and Energy Law Intellectual Property Law, builds software tools, teaches classes, and supports faculty, staff, and student projects on access of risks and benefits. Emphasis is placed on forging a shared understanding of the problems at hand
Export Control Laws and Washingtonand Washington
1 Export Control Laws and Washingtonand Washington University For Washington University Faculty Authors: Cindy White, Research Office Tina Tyson, Office of General Counsel May 2006 What are export of foreign policy and national security. *NOTE: Export control laws apply to all activities -- not just
Impacts of Minnesota's Primary Seat Belt Law
Levinson, David M.
March 2012 Impacts of Minnesota's Primary Seat Belt Law Authors: Frank Douma Nebiyou Tilahun of Minnesota's Primary Seat Belt Law March 2012 6. 7. Author(s) 8. Performing Organization Report No. Frank. Abstract (Limit: 250 words) In the spring of 2009, the Minnesota Legislature changed the state's seat belt
Legal Positivism in International Criminal Law
Luckey, Charles
2009-11-25T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper I will argue that, international criminal law constitutes a valid legal system. There is skepticism over the authority of international law; some claim that it is not a genuine legal system, and does not command legal obligation. I...
SCHOOL OF LAW UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA IRVINE
Rose, Michael R.
"There is a demand for new lawyers to be exceptionally responsive to the needs of clients. And the only preparing students for the practice of law at the highest levels of the profession. All students "By every measure we are succeeding in creating a top law school, with a faculty ranked among the best
Status of the Fundamental Laws of Thermodynamics
Walid K. Abou Salem; Juerg Froehlich
2006-11-14T23:59:59.000Z
We describe recent progress towards deriving the Fundamental Laws of thermodynamics (the 0th, 1st and 2nd Law) from nonequilibrium quantum statistical mechanics in simple, yet physically relevant models. Along the way, we clarify some basic thermodynamic notions and discuss various reversible and irreversible thermodynamic processes from the point of view of quantum statistical mechanics.
Thomas D. Cohen
2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z
SU($N_c$) gauge theories containing matter fields may be invariant under transformations of some subgroup of the $\\mathbb{Z}_{N_c}$ center; the maximum such subgroup is $\\mathbb{Z}_{p}$, with $p$ depending on $N_c$ and the representations of the various matter fields in the theory. Confining SU($N_c$) gauge theories in either 3+1 or 2+1 space-time dimensions and with matter fields in any representation have string tensions for representation $R$ given by $\\sigma_R =\\sigma_f \\, \\, \\frac{p_R (p-p_R) \\, \\, g\\left (p_R (p-p_R) \\right )}{(p-1) \\, \\, g(p -1 )} $ with $p_R={n_R \\, \\rm mod}(p)$, where $\\sigma_f $ is the string tension for the fundamental representation, $g$ is a positive finite function and $n_R$ is the n-ality of $R$. This implies that a necessary condition for a theory in this class to have an area law is invariance of the theory under a nontrivial subgroup of the center. Significantly, these results depend on $p$ regardless of the value of $N_c$.
Maple Implementation of the Kirchhoff's "Third and Fourth Laws"
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Maple Implementation of the Kirchhoff's "Third and Fourth Laws" NICOLAS RATIER1 , MAYA MARKOVA2 1 an implementation in Maple language of the Kirchhoff's third law and its dual, the socalled Kirchhoff's fourth lawcalled Kirch- hoff's "third and fourth laws" [5]. These laws allows one to express network functions, in a very
An Investigation of the Laws of Traversals
Jaskelioff, Mauro; 10.4204/EPTCS.76.5
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Traversals of data structures are ubiquitous in programming. Consequently, it is important to be able to characterise those structures that are traversable and understand their algebraic properties. Traversable functors have been characterised by McBride and Paterson as those equipped with a distributive law over arbitrary applicative functors; however, laws that fully capture the intuition behind traversals are missing. This article is an attempt to remedy this situation by proposing laws for characterising traversals that capture the intuition behind them. To support our claims, we prove that finitary containers are traversable in our sense and argue that elements in a traversable structure are visited exactly once.
Name Law and Gender in Iceland
Willson, Kendra
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
in early nineteenth-century Iceland. ” History of the FamilyMA thesis, University of Iceland. Guðrún Kvaran and SigurðurName Law and Gender in Iceland by Kendra Willson CSW JUN09
Patent Law, HIPPO, and the Biodiversity Crisis
Torrance, Andrew W.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
the phenomena largely responsible for the current mass extinction event, and patent law offers valuable assistance in combating each one. Though it cannot offer a complete solution to the biodiversity crisis, the patent system can offer powerful tools to help...
Copyright Law Reform: Some Achievable Goals
MacQueen, Hector L
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Copyright law reform in the European Union. The chapter discusses possible actions in light of new and amended EU Directives and whether these balances rights' holders and users' interests....
Federal Energy Mangement Laws and Requirements
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
To help agencies comply with federal laws and requirements, the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) analyzes energy management mandates from legal authorities and publishes notices and rules related to federal energy management.
Essays on malpractice law and physician behavior
Frakes, Michael (Michael D.)
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This dissertation contributes to an understanding of the manner in which various dimensions of malpractice law shape physician behavior and how this behavior, in turn, impacts health outcomes. In Chapter 1, I explore the ...
Oil or Hazardous Spills Releases Law (Georgia)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The Oil or Hazardous Spills Law requires notice to the Environmental Protection Division of the State Department of Natural Resources Emergency Operations Center when there is a spill or release of...
Essays in empirical law and economics/
Lem, Jacklin Chou
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This dissertation, which is a collection of three essays, uses empirical methods to study questions at the intersection of law and economics. The first chapter, co-authored with Joshua Fischman, explores how supervision ...
AARP, National Consumer Law Center, and Public Citizen Comments...
AARP, National Consumer Law Center, and Public Citizen Comments to:DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges AARP, National Consumer Law...
POLICY GUIDANCE MEMORANDUM #07 Current Appropriations Law and...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
Due to recent changes in appropriations law, the Department no longer has the authority to compensate a noncitizen, unless the noncitizen is lawfully admitted for permanent...
Decolonizing Copyright Law: Learning from the Jamaican Street Dance
Mann, Larisa K.
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and Now Open) Fears of ACTA. ” SMU Law Review 64 (2011): Yu,and Now Open) Fears of ACTA,” SMU Law Review 64 (2011): 975–
Comments of the Southern Environmental Law Center and the American...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
Emergency Order and allow federal and state regulators the discretion to enforce binding air pollution control laws. Comments of the Southern Environmental Law Center and the...
The Case for exCellenCe The University of Houston Law Center is a Tier One law school
Glasser, Adrian
of 200 law schools by U.S. News & World Report, 2011 · Ranked 42nd in 2011 by the National Law Journal. 56 out of 200 law schools in the nation by U.S. News & World Report, and one of only eight public law and Information Law Institute is ranked 6th nationally by U.S. News & World Report, 2011 · UH Health Law
Supplementary balance laws and the entropy principle
Serge Preston
2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this work we study the mathematical aspects of the development in the continuum thermodynamics known as the "Entropy Principle". It started with the pioneering works of B.Coleman, W.Noll and I. Muller in 60th of XX cent. and got its further development mostly in the works of G. Boillat, I-Shis Liu and T.Ruggeri. "Entropy Principle" combines in itself the structural requirement on the form of balance laws of the thermodynamical system (denote such system $(\\mathcal{C})$) and on the entropy balance law with the convexity condition of the entropy density. First of these requirements has pure mathematical form defining so called "supplementary balance laws" (shortly SBL) associated with the original balance system. Vector space of SBL can be considered as a kind of natural "closure" of the original balance system. This space includes the original balance laws, the entropy balance, the balance laws corresponding to the symmetries of the balance system and some other balance equations. We consider the case of Rational Extended Thermodynamics where densities, fluxes and sources of the balance equations do not depend on the derivatives of physical fields $y^i$. We present the basic structures of RET: Lagrange-Liu equations,"main fields", and dual formulation of the balance system. We obtain and start studying the defining system of equations for the density $h^0$ of a supplementary balance law. This overdetermined linear system of PDE of second order determines all the densities $h^0$ and with them, due to the formalism of RET, the fluxes and sources of SBL. Solvability conditions of defining system delivers the constitutive restrictions on the balance equations of the original balance system. We illustrate our results by some simple examples of balance system and by describing all the supplementary balance laws and the constitutive restrictions for the Cattaneo heat propagation system.
Nahum Gelber Law Library A Self-Guided Library Tour
Kambhampati, Patanjali
Nahum Gelber Law Library A Self-Guided Library Tour Welcome to the Nahum Gelber Law Library by the library and how to locate materials for assignments, course readings, reserves etc. The tour should take you about 30 minutes. The Nahum Gelber Law Library is one of the Faculty of Law buildings on the north
INVERSE-SQUARE LAW TESTS 1 TESTS OF THE GRAVITATIONAL
Washington at Seattle, University of - Department of Physics, Electroweak Interaction Research Group
INVERSE-SQUARE LAW TESTS 1 TESTS OF THE GRAVITATIONAL INVERSE-SQUARE LAW E.G.Adelberger, B-1560 KEYWORDS: gravitation, experimental tests of inverse-square law, quantum gravity, extra dimensions ABSTRACT: We review recent experimental tests of the gravitational inverse-square law, and the wide variety
LLM Oil, Gas and Mining Law Module Information: Oil, Gas and Mining Investment Law I and
Evans, Paul
Redgwell, `International Energy Law', in Energy Law in Europe: National, EU and International Regulation within the petroleum and mining industry, as well as other major energy infrastructure projects The general policy and legal issues related to the international regulation of such investment are addressed
Ecological Economics 29 (1999) 473483 The second law, the fourth law, recycling and limits to growth
1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Ecological Economics 29 (1999) 473483 ANALYSIS The second law, the fourth law, recycling that there must be a large stockpile of inactive materials as well as an exogenous source of exergy (e.g. from energy (i.e. exergy) is ultimately the only scarce element be- cause, if enough of it is available, all
RECONSTRUCTION OF A CONSTITUTIVE LAW FOR RUBBER FROM IN SILICO EXPERIMENTS USING OGDEN'S LAWS
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
RECONSTRUCTION OF A CONSTITUTIVE LAW FOR RUBBER FROM IN SILICO EXPERIMENTS USING OGDEN'S LAWS MAYA for rubber. Macroscopic quantities of interest such as the Piola-Kirchhoff stress tensor can be ap: paramater estimation, multiscale modelling, rubber elasticity, polymer physics. 1. Introduction
The elliptical power law profile lens
Tessore, Nicolas
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The deflection, potential, shear and magnification of a gravitational lens following an elliptical power law mass model are investigated. This mass model is derived from the circular power law profile through a rescaling of the axes, similar to the case of a singular isothermal ellipsoid. The resulting deflection can be calculated explicitly and given in terms of the Gaussian hypergeometric function. Analytic expressions for the remaining lensing properties are found as well. Because the power law profile lens contains a number of well-known lens models as special cases, the equivalence of the new expressions with known results is checked. Finally, it is shown how these results naturally lead to a fast and accurate numerical scheme for computing the deflection and other lens quantities, making this method a useful tool for realistically modelling observed lenses.
Benford's Law Applies To Online Social Networks
Golbeck, Jennifer
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Benford's Law states that the frequency of first digits of numbers in naturally occurring systems is not evenly distributed. Numbers beginning with a 1 occur roughly 30\\% of the time, and are six times more common than numbers beginning with a 9. We show that Benford's Law applies to social and behavioral features of users in online social networks. We consider social data from five major social networks: Facebook, Twitter, Google Plus, Pinterest, and Live Journal. We show that the distribution of first significant digits of friend and follower counts for users in these systems follow Benford's Law. The same holds for the number of posts users make. We extend this to egocentric networks, showing that friend counts among the people in an individual's social network also follow the expected distribution. We discuss how this can be used to detect suspicious or fraudulent activity online and to validate datasets.
On Power Law Inflation in DBI Models
Michal Spalinski
2007-04-26T23:59:59.000Z
Inflationary models in string theory which identify the inflaton with an open string modulus lead to effective field theories with non-canonical kinetic terms: Dirac-Born-Infeld scalar field theories. In the case of a $D$-brane moving in an AdS throat with a quadratic scalar field potential DBI kinetic terms allow a novel realization of power law inflation. This note adresses the question of whether this behaviour is special to this particular choice of throat geometry and potential. The answer is that for any throat geometry one can explicitly find a potential which leads to power law inflation. This generalizes the well known fact that an exponential potential gives power law inflation in the case of canonical kinetic terms.
Entanglement area law from specific heat capacity
Fernando G. S. L. Brandao; Marcus Cramer
2015-08-20T23:59:59.000Z
We study the scaling of entanglement in low-energy states of quantum many-body models on lattices of arbitrary dimensions. We allow for unbounded Hamiltonians such that systems with bosonic degrees of freedom are included. We show that if at low enough temperatures the specific heat capacity of the model decays exponentially with inverse temperature, the entanglement in every low-energy state satisfies an area law (with a logarithmic correction). This behaviour of the heat capacity is typically observed in gapped systems. Assuming merely that the low-temperature specific heat decays polynomially with temperature, we find a subvolume scaling of entanglement. Our results give experimentally verifiable conditions for area laws, show that they are a generic property of low-energy states of matter, and, to the best of our knowledge, constitute the first proof of an area law for unbounded Hamiltonians beyond those that are integrable.
Fractional conservation laws in optimal control theory
Gastao S. F. Frederico; Delfim F. M. Torres
2007-11-05T23:59:59.000Z
Using the recent formulation of Noether's theorem for the problems of the calculus of variations with fractional derivatives, the Lagrange multiplier technique, and the fractional Euler-Lagrange equations, we prove a Noether-like theorem to the more general context of the fractional optimal control. As a corollary, it follows that in the fractional case the autonomous Hamiltonian does not define anymore a conservation law. Instead, it is proved that the fractional conservation law adds to the Hamiltonian a new term which depends on the fractional-order of differentiation, the generalized momentum, and the fractional derivative of the state variable.
The Spatial Scaling Laws of Compressible Turbulence
Sun, Bohua
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This Letter proposed spatial scaling laws of the density-weighted energy spectrum of compressible flow in terms of dissipation rate, wave number and the Mach number. The study has shown the compressible turbulence energy spectrum does not show the complete similarity, but incomplete similarity as $E(k,Ma)=(C+\\frac{D}{\\ln{Ma}})\
Wien's Displacement Law in Rindler Space
De, Sanchari; Ghosh, Sutapa; Chakrabarty, Somenath
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this article we have developed a formalism to obtained the modified form of Wien's displacement law when the wall of the enclosure containing a photon gas is expanding adiabatically with a uniform acceleration. We have also studied the gravitational redshift of photons inside the enclosure using the prescription of extended relativistic dynamics with an upper limit of acceleration.
Workshop on Energy Law 12 September 2014
Johansen, Tom Henning
guidelines on state aid for environmental protection and energy on the promotion of renewable energies for the implementation of national promotion schemes for renewable energies in the light of the Essent- and des Vent DeWorkshop on Energy Law 12 September 2014 Venue: Institut für Energie und Regulierungsrecht Berlin
Extending Amdahl's Law for Energy-Efficient
Lee, Hsien-Hsin "Sean"
Extending Amdahl's Law for Energy-Efficient Computing in the Many-Core Era Dong Hyuk Woo and Hsien design constraints to analyze many-core design alternatives. The revised models provide computer architects with a better understanding of many- core design types, enabling them to make more informed
Patent Law and Complementary Innovations Yann Mnirey
Boyer, Edmond
Patent Law and Complementary Innovations Yann Ménièrey CERNA, Ecole Nationale Supérieure des mines: Innovation, Patent, R&D, Complementarity I am grateful to John Barton, Matthieu Glachant, François Lévêque #12;The patent system was initially designed to provide incentives to develop stand-alone innovations
A Taxonomy of Tort Law Defences
Wolfe, Patrick J.
467 19 A Taxonomy of Tort Law Defences James Goudkamp* Introduction This chapter addresses defences". A taxonomy of defences will then be delineated. Thereafter, it will be suggested how a substantial number of defences should be categorised within the taxonomy. The analysis here will be illustrated with examples
On multitemporal generalization of Newton's gravitational law
V. D. Ivashchuk
2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
A n-time generalization of Newton's law (of universal gravitation) formula in N =n + d + 1-dimensional space-time is conjectured. This formula implies a relation for effective N-dimensional gravitational constant G_{eff} = G cos^2 \\theta, where \\theta is the angle between the direction of motion of two particles in n-dimensional time manifold R^n.
CHILD LABOR LAWS Texas Workforce Commission
Rock, Chris
for the nearest office of the U.S. Department of Labor, Wage and Hour Division or call 1 these exceptions should contact the nearest office of the United States Department of Labor. Occupations declared occupation under state or federal law.) (3) connected with coal mining. (4) including logging and sawmill
Strathclyde University Law Journal House Style
Strathclyde, University of
Strathclyde University Law Journal House Style Important Notice The guidelines presented below MUST Paragraphs start flush to the left margin after headings or quotes. All other paragraphs must be indented the punctuation and the closing quotation mark. Quotations which are longer than three lines should be in a double-indented
Impacts of Minnesota's Primary Seat Belt Law
Minnesota, University of
for Excellence in Rural Safety Humphrey School of Public Affairs #12;CERS's "Safe Six Regardless of Residence Urban/Small City Suburban Rural/Small Town Primary Seat; . . AND IN MINNESOTA #12;Predicted Impact 2009 and 2010 CERS Reports: · Primary Seat Belt Laws
Wavelet Based Estimation for Univariate Stable Laws
GonÃ§alves, Paulo
Wavelet Based Estimation for Univariate Stable Laws Anestis Antoniadis Laboratoire IMAG to implement. This article describes a fast, wavelet-based, regression-type method for estimating the parameters of a stable distribution. Fourier domain representations, combined with a wavelet multiresolution
Today's Material Gauss' Law and Flux
Ashlock, Dan
Field Lines' #12;© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. The Concept of Flux Consider a box surrounding a region;© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. The Concept of Flux Consider a box surrounding a region of space. We can.1 22.3 Next lecture · More on Gauss's law #12;Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing
QER- Comment of Western Environmental Law Center
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
To whom it may concern, I provided the following comments at the public meeting in Santa Fe, NM on 8/11/14: My name is Thomas Singer, and I am a Senior Policy Advisor at the Western Environmental Law Center.
law.wayne.edu Admissions Bulletin
Berdichevsky, Victor
Abbatt, '83 Hon. Nancy G. Edmunds, '76 Hon. Marilyn Kelly, '71 Thomas G. Kienbaum, '68 E. Powell Miller, '57 Maurice S. Binkow Richard J. Burstein, '69 Robert M. Carson, '68 Eric T. Carver, '97 Ina C. Cohen are a family here." -- Jocelyn Benson Dean " introduction02 Jocelyn Benson was named dean of Wayne Law in June
Selected Bibliography Law, Information Policy, and
California at Santa Barbara, University of
Selected Bibliography on Law, Information Policy, and Spatial Databases Compiled by: Harlan J 04469-5711 National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis Report 94-2 #12;ii Preface, Information Policy, and Spatial Databases. Articles have been placed within one of the following categories: 1
Occupational safety and health law handbook
Sarvadi, D.G. [ed.; Keller; Heckman
1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
This book reviews the regulations and standards governing the protection of employees in the workplace and provides insight into dealing with pertinent regulations and regulatory authorities. Written for safety professionals, industrial hygienists, human resource professionals, attorneys, and students, this companion to Government Institutes' best-selling ``Environmental Law Handbook'' offers the legal fundamentals behind occupational safety and health laws in one concise and authoritative volume. In 19 chapters, the authoring law firm of Keller and Heckman cover the OSHAct and its development; OSHA, NIOSH, and OSHRC; the roles played by other regulatory agencies; the OSHA rulemaking process; OSHA Standards and the General Duty Clause; record keeping and reporting; employers' and employees' rights; inspections; violations, penalties, and how to contest them; criminal prosecutions; state plans; industry-specific issues; OSHA reform; and international regulations and standards. This book references approximately 400 seminal OSHA legal decisions from the approximately 1,300 cases on record and includes coverage of Canadian and European Community regulations, making it the first comprehensive global overview of occupational safety and health law.
Law, Justice and Regulation at UEA law-justice-regulation@uea.ac.uk
Everest, Graham R
.dewing@uea.ac.uk Ivan Diaz-Rainey (NBS) Regulation of energy and environmental markets http://www.uea.ac.uk/nbs/people/People/Academic/Ivan+Diaz- Rainey i.diaz-rainey@uea.ac.uk Catherine Wad- dams (NBS/CCP) Economic regulation, competition, energy1 Network on Law, Justice and Regulation at UEA law-justice-regulation@uea.ac.uk 21 October 2010
Power-laws and Non-Power-laws in Dark Matter Halos
R. N. Henriksen
2006-09-05T23:59:59.000Z
Simulated dark matter profiles are often modelled as a `NFW' density profile rather than a single power law. Recently, attention has turned to the rather rigorous power-law behaviour exhibited by the `pseudo phase-space density' of the dark matter halo, which is defined dimensionally in terms of the local density and velocity dispersion of the dark matter particles. The non-power-law behaviour of the density profile is generally taken to exclude simple scale-free, in-fall models; however the power-law behaviour of the `pseudo-density' is a counter indication. We argue in this paper that both behaviours may be at least qualitatively understood in terms of a dynamically evolving self-similarity, rather than the form for self-similar infall that is fixed by cosmological initial conditions. The evolution is likely due to collective relaxation such as that provided by the radial-orbit instability on large scales. We deduce, from a distribution function given by first order coarse-graining, both the NFW-type density profile and the power-law pseudo-density profile. The results are not greatly sensitive to variation about 3 in the power of the velocity dispersion used in the definition of the phase space pseudo-density. We suggest that the power 2 may create the more physical quantity, whose deviations from a power-law are a diagnostic of incomplete relaxation.
Forensic imaging tools for law enforcement
SMITHPETER,COLIN L.; SANDISON,DAVID R.; VARGO,TIMOTHY D.
2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Conventional methods of gathering forensic evidence at crime scenes are encumbered by difficulties that limit local law enforcement efforts to apprehend offenders and bring them to justice. Working with a local law-enforcement agency, Sandia National Laboratories has developed a prototype multispectral imaging system that can speed up the investigative search task and provide additional and more accurate evidence. The system, called the Criminalistics Light-imaging Unit (CLU), has demonstrated the capabilities of locating fluorescing evidence at crime scenes under normal lighting conditions and of imaging other types of evidence, such as untreated fingerprints, by direct white-light reflectance. CLU employs state of the art technology that provides for viewing and recording of the entire search process on videotape. This report describes the work performed by Sandia to design, build, evaluate, and commercialize CLU.
VISCOSITY AND RELAXATION APPROXIMATIONS FOR HYPERBOLIC SYSTEMS OF CONSERVATION LAWS
Tzavaras, Athanasios E.
VISCOSITY AND RELAXATION APPROXIMATIONS FOR HYPERBOLIC SYSTEMS OF CONSERVATION LAWS Athanasios E. Tzavaras Abstract. These lecture notes deal with the approximation of conservation laws via viscosity or relaxation. The following topics are covered: The general structure of viscosity and relaxation
TRANSBOUNDARY GROUNDWATER AND INTERNATIONAL LAW: PAST PRACTICES AND CURRENT IMPLICATIONS
Wolf, Aaron
TRANSBOUNDARY GROUNDWATER AND INTERNATIONAL LAW: PAST PRACTICES AND CURRENT IMPLICATIONS By Kyoko........................................................................................................................................ 1 2. The Notion of Transboundary Groundwater................................................................................... 3 3. Evolution of International Groundwater Management in Environmental Law
Law and Society in Saint Domingue, 1789-1805
Polk, Katelyn Brune
2013-09-29T23:59:59.000Z
therefore law in Saint Domingue) clearly delineated certain boundaries between races that in reality did not occur. We will argue the inconsistency between the law and its execution created a grey area for the people of Saint Domingue. Examining...
Tests of the Gravitational Inverse-Square Law
E. G. Adelberger; B. R. Heckel; A. E. Nelson
2003-07-22T23:59:59.000Z
We review recent experimental tests of the gravitational inverse-square law and the wide variety of theoretical considerations that suggest the law may break down in experimentally accessible regions.
City of Madison- Solar and Wind Access and Planning Laws
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Madison, Wisconsin, has established several local laws to facilitate the planning and permitting of solar and wind systems. The planning guidelines are specific to solar, while the permitting laws...
Aliens in Medieval Law: The Origins of Modern Citizenship (review)
Turner, Wendy J.
2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
REVIEWS Keechang Kim, Aliens in Medieval Law: The Origins ofhis thought-provoking work Aliens in Medieval Law, Keechangmedieval world to citizen and alien at the beginning of the
Fractal Weyl law for Linux Kernel Architecture
L. Ermann; A. D. Chepelianskii; D. L. Shepelyansky
2010-09-16T23:59:59.000Z
We study the properties of spectrum and eigenstates of the Google matrix of a directed network formed by the procedure calls in the Linux Kernel. Our results obtained for various versions of the Linux Kernel show that the spectrum is characterized by the fractal Weyl law established recently for systems of quantum chaotic scattering and the Perron-Frobenius operators of dynamical maps. The fractal Weyl exponent is found to be $\
Scaling laws of solar and stellar flares
Markus J. Aschwanden; Robert A. Stern; Manuel Güdel
2007-10-12T23:59:59.000Z
In this study we compile for the first time comprehensive data sets of solar and stellar flare parameters, including flare peak temperatures T_p, flare peak volume emission measures EM_p, and flare durations t_f from both solar and stellar data, as well as flare length scales L from solar data. Key results are that both the solar and stellar data are consistent with a common scaling law of EM_p ~ T_p^4.7, but the stellar flares exhibit ~250 times higher emission measures (at the same flare peak temperature). For solar flares we observe also systematic trends for the flare length scale L(T_p) ~ T_p^0.9 and the flare duration t_F(T_p) ~ T_p^0.9 as a function of the flare peak temperature. Using the theoretical RTV scaling law and the fractal volume scaling observed for solar flares, i.e., V(L) ~ L^2.4, we predict a scaling law of EM_p ~ T_p^4.3, which is consistent with observations, and a scaling law for electron densities in flare loops, n_p ~ T_p^2/L ~ T_p^1.1. The RTV-predicted electron densities were also found to be consistent with densities inferred from total emission measures, n_p=(EM_p/q_V*V)^1/2, using volume filling factors of q_V=0.03-0.08 constrained by fractal dimensions measured in solar flares. Our results affect also the determination of radiative and conductive cooling times, thermal energies, and frequency distributions of solar and stellar flare energies.
Power-law tailed spectra from equilibrium
T. S. Biro; G. Purcsel; G. Gyorgyi; A. Jakovac; Zs. Schram
2005-10-03T23:59:59.000Z
We propose that power-law tailed hadron spectra may be viewed as stemming from a matter in an unconventional equilibrium state typical for non-extensive thermodynamics. A non-extensive Boltzmann equation, which is able to form such spectra as a stationary solution, is utilized as a rough model of quark matter hadronization. Basic ideas about non-extensive simulation of the QCD equation of state on the lattice are presented.
Covariant Balance Laws in Continua with Microstructure
Arash Yavari; Jerrold E. Marsden
2008-11-13T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this paper is to extend the Green-Naghdi-Rivlin balance of energy method to continua with microstructure. The key idea is to replace the group of Galilean transformations with the group of diffeomorphisms of the ambient space. A key advantage is that one obtains in a natural way all the needed balance laws on both the macro and micro levels along with two Doyle-Erickson formulas.
Local semicircle law for random regular graphs
Roland Bauerschmidt; Antti Knowles; Horng-Tzer Yau
2015-05-26T23:59:59.000Z
We consider random $d$-regular graphs on $N$ vertices, with degree $d$ at least $(\\log N)^4$. We prove that the Green's function of the adjacency matrix and the Stieltjes transform of its empirical spectral measure are well approximated by Wigner's semicircle law, down to the optimal scale given by the typical eigenvalue spacing (up to a logarithmic correction). Aside from well-known consequences for the local eigenvalue distribution, this result implies the complete delocalization of all eigenvectors.
Laws of thermodynamics and game theory
Lev Sakhnovich
2011-05-23T23:59:59.000Z
Using a game theory approach and a new extremal problem, Gibbs formula is proved in a most simple and general way for the classical mechanics case. A corresponding conjecture on the asymptotics of the classical entropy is formulated. For the ordinary quantum mechanics case, the third law of thermodynamics is derived. Some results on the number of ground states and residual entropy are obtained rigorously.
The Bayesian Second Law of Thermodynamics
Bartolotta, Anthony; Leichenauer, Stefan; Pollack, Jason
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We derive a generalization of the Second Law of Thermodynamics that uses Bayesian updates to explicitly incorporate the effects of a measurement of a system at some point in its evolution. By allowing an experimenter's knowledge to be updated by the measurement process, this formulation resolves a tension between the fact that the entropy of a statistical system can sometimes fluctuate downward and the information-theoretic idea that knowledge of a stochastically-evolving system degrades over time. The Bayesian Second Law can be written as $\\Delta H(\\rho_m, \\rho) + \\langle \\mathcal{Q}\\rangle_{F|m}\\geq 0$, where $\\Delta H(\\rho_m, \\rho)$ is the change in the cross entropy between the original phase-space probability distribution $\\rho$ and the measurement-updated distribution $\\rho_m$, and $\\langle \\mathcal{Q}\\rangle_{F|m}$ is the expectation value of a generalized heat flow out of the system. We also derive refined versions of the Second Law that bound the entropy increase from below by a non-negative number, ...
Michigan Law School Pro Bono Program Organization Evaluation of Student
Kamat, Vineet R.
Michigan Law School Pro Bono Program Organization Evaluation of Student Date Student Name the student perform in a professionally responsible manner? Would you supervise another Michigan Law student.) Comments or suggestions regarding Michigan Law School's Pro Bono Program. From: I certify that completed
Viscosity and Relaxation Approximation for Hyperbolic Systems of Conservation Laws
Tzavaras, Athanasios E.
Viscosity and Relaxation Approximation for Hyperbolic Systems of Conservation Laws Athanasios E with the approximation of conservation laws via viscosity or relaxation. The following topics are covered: The general structure of viscosity and relaxation approximations is discussed, as suggested by the second law
Disasters and the Law: The Legal Implications of Hurricane Katrina
Kammen, Daniel M.
Law 224.9 Disasters and the Law: The Legal Implications of Hurricane Katrina (Spring 2006) Units: 3 Time: Mondays 3:20-6:00 Course Description: Recent hurricanes and other natural disasters demonstrate An Unnatural Disaster: The Aftermath of Hurricane Katrina. This report, spearheaded by University of Texas law
OPTIMAL CONTROL OF SYSTEMS OF CONSERVATION LAWS AND APPLICATION
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
OPTIMAL CONTROL OF SYSTEMS OF CONSERVATION LAWS AND APPLICATION TO NON-EQUILIBRIUM TRAFFIC STEERING iteratively optimal control problems involving systems of conservation laws. The irregularity of discontinuous waves in computing an optimal (or suboptimal) control for systems of conservation laws
THE LAW OF VECTOR FIELDS Daniel H. Gottlieb
DANIEL H. GOTTLIEB What do I mean ? Look at the example of Newton's Law of Gravitation. HereTHE LAW OF VECTOR FIELDS Daniel H. Gottlieb 1. Introduction. When I was 13, the intellectual world. Something fantastically beautiful. This something is the existence of a few general laws or principles which
Law, Technology and the Environment in natural resource management
Law, Technology and the Environment in natural resource management: Forestry and illegal logging* May 2003 *E.P. Toyne. (in press). Law, Technology and the Environment in natural resource management;INTRODUCTION In an ideal world there would be the combined application of law and technology leading
THE LAW OF VECTOR FIELDS Daniel H. Gottlieb
;2 DANIEL H. GOTTLIEB What do I mean ? Look at the example of Newton's Law of Gravitation. Here THE LAW OF VECTOR FIELDS Daniel H. Something fantastically beautiful. This something is the existence of a few general laws or principles which
Center for National Security Law SELECTED FURTHER RESOURCES
Huang, Wei
Center for National Security Law SELECTED FURTHER RESOURCES Articles Careers in National Security) Brown, The National Security Council: A Legal History (2008) Fernández-Sánchez, International Legal National Security Law Report) #12;Key Resources ABA National Security Law Report DC District Court
Boolean Theory laws proof Number Theory Character Theory
Hehner, Eric C.R.
Review Boolean Theory laws proof Number Theory Character Theory Bunches Sets Strings Lists for loop 1/109 #12;Review Boolean Theory laws proof Number Theory Character Theory Bunches Sets Strings with exit for loop 2/109 #12;Review Boolean Theory laws proof Number Theory Character Theory Bunches Sets
Chicago-Kent College of Law 565 W. Adams St.
Heller, Barbara
Law Criminal Litigation Environmental and Energy Law Intellectual Property Law International, builds software tools, teaches classes, and supports faculty, staff, and student projects on access of risks and benefits. Emphasis is placed on forging a shared understanding of the problems at hand
Power laws in economics and elsewhere J. Doyne Farmer
Power laws in economics and elsewhere J. Doyne Farmer and John Geanakoplos May 14, 2008 Abstract We review power laws in financial economics. This is a chapter from a preliminary draft of a book called of it applies to power laws in general the nouns may change, but the underlying questions are similar in many
Curriculum Policy of the Graduate School of Law Master's Program
Banbara, Mutsunori
Curriculum Policy of the Graduate School of Law Master's Program Advanced Program Through special on writing their doctoral thesis in seminars. #12;2L: 2nd year in the curriculum for students without basic knowledge of law, 1st year in the curriculum for students with basic knowledge of law 3L: 3rd year
Fletcher, Robin
Law Queen's R E P O R T S Criminal Law at Queen's: 50 Years of Leadership in Teaching Manager of Records, Registration and Communications deanna Morash Director, Career Services nancy Somers T S C O V E R S T O R Y 8 Criminal Law at Queen's: 50 Years of Leadership in Teaching and Scholarship F
Kallenrode, May-Britt
Law, Language, and Culture! 3rd International Osnabrück Graduate Summer School on the Cultural://www.blogs.uni-osnabrueck.de/lawandculture/!! The 3rd Graduate Summer School on Law, Language, and Culture aims to further promote
Statistical test of Duane-Hunt's law and its comparison with an alternative law
Milan Perkovac
2010-10-28T23:59:59.000Z
Using Pearson correlation coefficient a statistical analysis of Duane-Hunt and Kulenkampff's measurement results was performed. This analysis reveals that empirically based Duane-Hunt's law is not entirely consistent with the measurement data. The author has theoretically found the action of electromagnetic oscillators, which corresponds to Planck's constant, and also has found an alternative law based on the classical theory. Using the same statistical method, this alternative law is likewise tested, and it is proved that the alternative law is completely in accordance with the measurements. The alternative law gives a relativistic expression for the energy of electromagnetic wave emitted or absorbed by atoms and proves that the empirically derived Planck-Einstein's expression is only valid for relatively low frequencies. Wave equation, which is similar to the Schr\\"odinger equation, and wavelength of the standing electromagnetic wave are also established by the author's analysis. For a relatively low energy this wavelength becomes equal to the de Broglie wavelength. Without any quantum conditions, the author made a formula similar to the Rydberg's formula, which can be applied to the all known atoms, neutrons and some hyperons.
Generalized entropies and the expansion law of the universe
Fatemeh Lalehgani Dezaki; Behrouz Mirza
2015-07-04T23:59:59.000Z
We suggest that using the first law of thermodynamics is a convenient method to obtain a correct form of the expansion law of the universe \\cite{T. Padmanabhan1}. We will, then, use this idea to obtain the expansion law for a Kodama observer. By using the expansion law for a Kodama observer, we can obtain the dynamic equation of the FRW universe for deformed Horava-Lifshitz gravity. The use of the first law of thermodynamics also leads to a new approach for obtaining the Friedmann equations for f(R) and scalar tensor gravities.
Fractional Power-Law Spatial Dispersion in Electrodynamics
Tarasov, Vasily E
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Electric fields in non-local media with power-law spatial dispersion are discussed. Equations involving a fractional Laplacian in the Riesz form that describe the electric fields in such non-local media are studied. The generalizations of Coulomb's law and Debye's screening for power-law non-local media are characterized. We consider simple models with anomalous behavior of plasma-like media with power-law spatial dispersions. The suggested fractional differential models for these plasma-like media are discussed to describe non-local properties of power-law type.
Michio Otsuki; Hiroshi Matsukawa
2013-04-04T23:59:59.000Z
In many sliding systems consisting of solid object on a solid substrate under dry condition, the friction force does not depend on the apparent contact area and is proportional to the loading force. This behaviour is called Amontons' law and indicates that the friction coefficient, or the ratio of the friction force to the loading force, is constant. Here, however, using numerical and analytical methods, we show that Amontons' law breaks down systematically under certain conditions for an elastic object experiencing a friction force that locally obeys Amontons' law. The macroscopic static friction coefficient, which corresponds to the onset of bulk sliding of the object, decreases as pressure or system length increases. This decrease results from precursor slips before the onset of bulk sliding, and is consistent with the results of certain previous experiments. The mechanisms for these behaviours are clarified. These results will provide new insight into controlling friction.
Inferring the Rate-Length Law of Protein Folding
Lane, Thomas J
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the rate-length scaling law of protein folding, a key undetermined scaling law in the analytical theory of protein folding. We demonstrate that chain length is a dominant factor determining folding times, and that the unambiguous determination of the way chain length corre- lates with folding times could provide key mechanistic insight into the folding process. Four specific proposed laws (power law, exponential, and two stretched exponentials) are tested against one an- other, and it is found that the power law best explains the data. At the same time, the fit power law results in rates that are very fast, nearly unreasonably so in a biological context. We show that any of the proposed forms are viable, conclude that more data is necessary to unequivocally infer the rate-length law, and that such data could be obtained through a small number of protein folding experiments on large protein domains.
Fractal Weyl law for chaotic microcavities: Fresnel's laws imply multifractal scattering
Jan Wiersig; Jörg Main
2007-12-21T23:59:59.000Z
We demonstrate that the harmonic inversion technique is a powerful tool to analyze the spectral properties of optical microcavities. As an interesting example we study the statistical properties of complex frequencies of the fully chaotic microstadium. We show that the conjectured fractal Weyl law for open chaotic systems [W. T. Lu, S. Sridhar, and M. Zworski, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 154101 (2003)] is valid for dielectric microcavities only if the concept of the chaotic repeller is extended to a multifractal by incorporating Fresnel's laws.
The Law of Water | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onsource History View New PagessourceRavenandEconomies |Information Texas's 27thViewInformationQualityThe Law of
Laws & Legal Resources | Department of Energy
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article)41clothThe Bonneville PowerTariff Pages default Sign In AboutIsrelocatesLaser Seedingas Advanced Photon Source MagneticLaws
Is violation of Newton's second law possible?
A. Yu. Ignatiev
2007-03-11T23:59:59.000Z
Astrophysical observations (usually explained by dark matter) suggest that classical mechanics could break down when the acceleration becomes extremely small (the approach known as modified Newtonian dynamics, or MOND). I present the first analysis of MOND manifestations in terrestrial (rather than astrophysical) settings. A new effect is reported: around each equinox date, 2 spots emerge on the Earth where static bodies experience spontaneous acceleration due to the possible violation of Newton's second law. Preliminary estimates indicate that an experimental search for this effect can be feasible.
Holographic Space-time and Newton's Law
Tom Banks; Willy Fischler
2013-10-25T23:59:59.000Z
We derive Newton's Law from the formalism of Holographic Space-Time (HST). More precisely, we show that for a large class of Hamiltonians of the type proposed previously for the HST description of a geodesic in Minkowski space, the eikonal for scattering of two massless particles at large impact parameter scales as expected with the impact parameter and the energies of the particles in the center of mass (CM) frame. We also discuss the criteria for black hole production in this collision, and find an estimate, purely within the HST framework, for the impact parameter at which it sets in, which coincides with the estimate based on general relativity.
"Irregularization" of Systems of Conservation Laws
Hunter Swan; Woosong Choi; Stefanos Papanikolaou; Matthew Bierbaum; Yong S. Chen; James P. Sethna
2015-06-18T23:59:59.000Z
We explore new ways of regulating defect behavior in systems of conservation laws. Contrary to usual regularization schemes (such as a vanishing viscosity limit), which attempt to control defects by making them smoother, our schemes result in defects which are \\textit{more singular}, and we thus refer to such schemes as "irregularizations". In particular, we seek to produce \\textit{delta shock} defects which satisfy a condition of \\textit{stationarity}. We are motivated to pursue such exotic defects by a physical example arising from dislocation dynamics in materials physics, which we describe.
General Counsel Law Library | Department of Energy
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article)41clothThe Bonneville Power AdministrationHawaiiEnergyFlorida Julyanalysis, SoftwareDepartment ofPythonGeneral Counsel Law
Environmental Laws and Regulations | Department of Energy
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankShale_Gas.pdfServiceDepartment ofEnergyPlus Overcomes2 DOEDepartmentThird AnnualJusticeEnvironmental Laws
Planck's Radiation Law in the Quantized Universe
Rainer Collier
2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z
Physical research looks for clues to quantum properties of the gravitational field. On the basis of the common Schr\\"odinger theory, a simple model of the quantization of a Friedmann universe comprising dust and radiation is investigated. With regard to energy quantization, the result suggests a universal limitation of the energy spacing between neighbouring quantum states by the Planck energy. Applied to black-body radiation, a modified Planck radiation law follows. If this could be verified in the laboratory, it would provide a direct hint at quantum properties of the space-time manifold.
Drag Law of Two Dimensional Granular Fluids
Satoshi Takada; Hisao Hayakawa
2015-04-19T23:59:59.000Z
Drag force law acting on a moving circular disk in a two-dimensional granular medium is analyzed based on the discrete element method (DEM). It is remarkable that the drag force on the moving disk in moderate dense and pure two-dimensional granular medium can be well reproduced by a perfect fluid with separation from the boundary. A yield force, being independent of the moving speed of the disk, appears if a dry friction between the granular disks and the bottom plate exists. The perfect fluidity is violated in this case. The yield force and the drag force diverge at the jamming point.
Volesky, Bohumil
costs in China. Financial assistance may be requested in exceptional cases. The remainder of the costs (Guangdong Province, China), will offer an exciting opportunity for McGill and Shantou law students to learn, China, May 19-30, 2014 inclusive. Program Objectives The joint program offered by the Faculty of Law
Filament velocity scaling laws for warm ions
Manz, P. [Physik-Department E28, Technische Universität München, James-Franck-Str. 1, 85748 Garching (Germany) [Physik-Department E28, Technische Universität München, James-Franck-Str. 1, 85748 Garching (Germany); Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Assoziation, Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching (Germany); Carralero, D.; Birkenmeier, G.; Müller, H. W.; Scott, B. D. [Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Assoziation, Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching (Germany)] [Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Assoziation, Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching (Germany); Müller, S. H. [Center for Momentum Transport and Flow Organization, University of California at San Diego, San Diego 92093 (United States)] [Center for Momentum Transport and Flow Organization, University of California at San Diego, San Diego 92093 (United States); Fuchert, G. [Insitut für Grenzflächenverfahrenstechnik und Plasmatechnologie, Universität Stuttgart, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany)] [Insitut für Grenzflächenverfahrenstechnik und Plasmatechnologie, Universität Stuttgart, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany); Stroth, U. [Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Assoziation, Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching (Germany) [Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Assoziation, Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching (Germany); Physik-Department E28, Technische Universität München, James-Franck-Str. 1, 85748 Garching (Germany)
2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
The dynamics of filaments or blobs in the scrape-off layer of magnetic fusion devices are studied by magnitude estimates of a comprehensive drift-interchange-Alfvén fluid model. The standard blob models are reproduced in the cold ion case. Even though usually neglected, in the scrape-off layer, the ion temperature can exceed the electron temperature by an order of magnitude. The ion pressure affects the dynamics of filaments amongst others by adding up to the interchange drive and the polarisation current. It is shown how both effects modify the scaling laws for filament velocity in dependence of its size. Simplifications for experimentally relevant limit regimes are given. These are the sheath dissipation, collisional, and electromagnetic regime.
Paradoxical Interpretations of Urban Scaling Laws
Cottineau, Clementine; Arcaute, Elsa; Batty, Michael
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Scaling laws are powerful summaries of the variations of urban attributes with city size. However, the validity of their universal meaning for cities is hampered by the observation that different scaling regimes can be encountered for the same territory, time and attribute, depending on the criteria used to delineate cities. The aim of this paper is to present new insights concerning this variation, coupled with a sensitivity analysis of urban scaling in France, for several socio-economic and infrastructural attributes from data collected exhaustively at the local level. The sensitivity analysis considers different aggregations of local units for which data are given by the Population Census. We produce a large variety of definitions of cities (approximatively 5000) by aggregating local Census units corresponding to the systematic combination of three definitional criteria: density, commuting flows and population cutoffs. We then measure the magnitude of scaling estimations and their sensitivity to city defin...
$?$-Deformed Statistics and Classical Fourmomentum Addition Law
M. Daszkiewicz; J. Lukierski; M. Woronowicz
2008-02-05T23:59:59.000Z
We consider $\\kappa$-deformed relativistic symmetries described algebraically by modified Majid-Ruegg bicrossproduct basis and investigate the quantization of field oscillators for the $\\kappa$-deformed free scalar fields on $\\kappa$-Minkowski space. By modification of standard multiplication rule, we postulate the $\\kappa$-deformed algebra of bosonic creation and annihilation operators. Our algebra permits to define the n-particle states with classical addition law for the fourmomenta in a way which is not in contradiction with the nonsymmetric quantum fourmomentum coproduct. We introduce $\\kappa$-deformed Fock space generated by our $\\kappa$-deformed oscillators which satisfy the standard algebraic relations with modified $\\kappa$-multiplication rule. We show that such a $\\kappa$-deformed bosonic Fock space is endowed with the conventional bosonic symmetry properties. Finally we discuss the role of $\\kappa$-deformed algebra of oscillators in field-theoretic noncommutative framework.
Absolute conservation law for black holes
D. Grumiller; W. Kummer
1999-11-08T23:59:59.000Z
In all 2d theories of gravity a conservation law connects the (space-time dependent) mass aspect function at all times and all radii with an integral of the matter fields. It depends on an arbitrary constant which may be interpreted as determining the initial value together with the initial values for the matter field. We discuss this for spherically reduced Einstein-gravity in a diagonal metric and in a Bondi-Sachs metric using the first order formulation of spherically reduced gravity, which allows easy and direct fixations of any type of gauge. The relation of our conserved quantity to the ADM and Bondi mass is investigated. Further possible applications (ideal fluid, black holes in higher dimensions or AdS spacetimes etc.) are straightforward generalizations.
The Ultimate Law of Social Evolution
Overlander, Jacob Alphaeus
1901-05-23T23:59:59.000Z
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 O 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 THE ULTIf'ATE LAW OF SOCIAL E7GLUTI0?-T. I n de termin ing the u n d e r l y i n g force? o f the s o c i a l organism, t h e o r i s t s and s c i e n t i... in the KU Libraries’ Center for Digital Scholarship. http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu Submitted to the Department of Sociology of the University of Kansas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts P o c i t H g y • O v e r l...
A dynamical law for slow crack growth in polycarbonate films
Cortet, Pierre-Philippe; Ciliberto, Sergio
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study experimentally the slow growth of a single crack in polycarbonate films submitted to uniaxial and constant imposed stress. For this visco-plastic material, we uncover a dynamical law that describes the dependence of the instantaneous crack velocity with experimental parameters. The law involves a Dugdale-Barenblatt static description of crack tip plastic zones associated to an Eyring's law and an empirical dependence with the crack length that may come from a residual elastic field.
Power-law spatial dispersion from fractional Liouville equation
Tarasov, Vasily E. [Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation)] [Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation)
2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
A microscopic model in the framework of fractional kinetics to describe spatial dispersion of power-law type is suggested. The Liouville equation with the Caputo fractional derivatives is used to obtain the power-law dependence of the absolute permittivity on the wave vector. The fractional differential equations for electrostatic potential in the media with power-law spatial dispersion are derived. The particular solutions of these equations for the electric potential of point charge in this media are considered.
Arms control and the rule of law
Tanzman, E.A.
1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
Many who speak of the end of the Cold War emphasize the warming of international relations when they speak of the momentous consequences of this event. According to this image, the half century since Trinity has been a period of sparse international communication during which the Eastern and Western blocs hibernated in their isolated dens of security alliances. Yet it is equally valid to consider the implications of the end of the war footing that has underlain the policies of all of the major military powers during the last fifty years. While meaningful international dialogue was in a state of relative lethargy during much of this period, the military establishments of the Great Powers were actively engaged in using as much force as possible in their efforts to control world affairs, short of triggering a nuclear holocaust. International discourse, at least in English, was rife with such military images as appeasement, containment, crisis stability, and tripwires. From the military posture of the U.S. and Russia a tense peace ironically emerged, but the terms by which decisions were made about controlling weapons of mass destruction (i.e., nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons) were the terms of war. The thesis of this paper is that the end of the Cold War marks a shift away from reliance on military might toward an international commitment to control weapons of mass destruction through the rule of law developed by John Rawls. The progression of agreements during this century to limit weapons of mass destruction testifies to this new development. A review of arms control agreements that the U.S. is a part of show clear growth of the rule of law as the world has left the Cold War.
Maximum entropy generation in open systems: the Fourth Law?
Umberto Lucia
2010-11-17T23:59:59.000Z
This paper develops an analytical and rigorous formulation of the maximum entropy generation principle. The result is suggested as the Fourth Law of Thermodynamics.
Lex Genetica: The Law and Ethics of Programming Biological Code
Burk, DL
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The law and ethics of programming biological code Dan L.biological artifacts. Such programming may include usagerelated to biological programming, the latter technology
AARP, National Consumer Law Center, and Public Citizen Comments...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
or RFI) on smart grid policy and logistical challenges, published by the Department of Energy (DOE) on September 16, 2010 AARP, National Consumer Law Center, and Public Citizen...
Subjects of Privacy: Law, Sexuality and Violence in India
Singh, Pawan
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of California, San Diego Subjects of Privacy: Law, Sexualityan entirely private subject. The underlying suggestion hereMoreover, once the subject of privacy is constituted through
Solar Easements and Local Option Solar Rights Laws
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Utah's solar easement provisions are similar to easement provisions in many other states. Parties may voluntarily enter into written solar easement contracts that are enforceable by law. An...
Gottlieb, David J.; Levy, Richard E.; McAllister, Stephen R.; Peck, John C.; Yenisey, Feridun
1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
ESSAY Conference on Comparative Law-Recent Developments in European, American, and Turkish Law: "Team Kansas" Goes to Turkey David J Gottlieb· Richard E. Levy·· Stephen R. McAllister··· John C. Peck···· Feridun Yenisey"···· 1. INTRODUCTION From May... 27, 1996 to June I, 1996, the University of Kansas School of Law and Mannara University, with the support of the Dedeman Foundation, co-sponsored an international conference in Istanbul and Ankara, Turkey. The formal title of the Conference was "The...
National Security Law in Hong Kong: Quo Vadis - A Study of Article 23 of the Basic Law of Hong Kong
Fu, H.L.; Cullen, Richard
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
future direction of national security legislation in the3. Hualing Fu, The National Security Factor: Putting ArticleCOUNCIL DISCUSSION NATIONAL SECURITY LAW IN HONG KONG regard
Memorandum, Protective Force Law Enforcement Authority- May 1, 2009
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Investigation allegations that contractor procetive force personnel at a DOE site exceeded their legistative ,regulatory, and policy-based authority by providing on-duty, armed off-site assistance to local law enforcement authorites during other than recapture/recovery operations, and by accessing the local law enforcement database for background checks during the course of on-site administrative traffic stops.
Certificate of Specialization in Energy and Clean Technology Law (LLM)
Kammen, Daniel M.
Science / Technology Finance & Energy Business · Energy Regulation & Environmen ergy (1) t (3 Certificate of Specialization in Energy and Clean Technology Law (LLM) Requirements on a topic related to energy or clean technology law through one of the courses listed below that requires
Remote Stabilization via Communication Networks with a Distributed Control Law
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
1 Remote Stabilization via Communication Networks with a Distributed Control Law Emmanuel Witrant the problem of remote stabilization via communication networks involving some time- varying delays of known average dynamics. This problem arises when the control law is remotely implemented and leads
New Guatemala law tries to attract new explorers
Not Available
1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
With only 6,280 bopd of production and reserves of only 13 million barrels, Guatemala's 25,200 bpd thirst has forced the country to rewrite its petroleum law. Among pluses in the new law are full-cost recovery and prices based on world levels. However, the stiff royalty and no provision for neutral arbitration are significant minuses.
New approximate radial wave functions for power-law potentials
Vladimir Kudryashov
2007-09-26T23:59:59.000Z
Radial wave functions for power-law potentials are approximated with the help of power-law substitution and explicit summation of the leading constituent WKB series. Our approach reproduces the correct behavior of the wave functions at the origin, at the turning points and far away from the turning points
Entanglement theory and the second law of thermodynamics
Loss, Daniel
ARTICLES Entanglement theory and the second law of thermodynamics FERNANDO G. S. L. BRAND~AO1 aim to draw from them formal analogies to the second law of thermodynamics; however, whereas relationship with thermodynamics may be established when considering all non-entangling transformations
Carnot Engines, Efficiency, and The Second Law Chemistry 213
Ronis, David M.
Carnot Engines, Efficiency, and The Second Law Chemistry 213 Fig. 1. The Carnot Cycle The Carnot in an isolated system) and the physical statements of the Second Law of Thermodynamics (heat spontaneously flows in the isothermal and adiabatic parts of the Carnot cycle for an ideal gas. 1. Energy in an Ideal Gas: Joule
HYPERBOLIC BALANCE LAWS: RIEMANN INVARIANTS AND THE GENERALIZED RIEMANN PROBLEM
HYPERBOLIC BALANCE LAWS: RIEMANN INVARIANTS AND THE GENERALIZED RIEMANN PROBLEM MATANIA BEN-ARTZI AND JIEQUAN LI Abstract. The Generalized Riemann Problem (GRP) for nonlinear hyperbolic system of m balance-resolution) generalization of the Godunov scheme. Key words: Hyperbolic balance laws, Generalized Riemann problem (GRP
To: Microsoft's Premier Preferred Provider Law Firms From: Brad Smith
Bernstein, Phil
and the details concerning the Law Firm Diversity Program for Microsoft's Premier Preferred Provider (PPP) law that each PPP firm is eligible for a two percent quarterly or annual bonus based on whether it achieves of the PPP elections. First, we are pleased and honored to announce that all PPP firms have elected
Modulated power-law behaviour in Stirling's approximation
Hatton, Les
Modulated power-law behaviour in Stirling's approximation Les Hatton CISM, University of Kingston. This argument used Stirling's approximation which limits its relevance to larger component sizes. Although power to broaden Stirling's approximation to see if it corresponds with the departures from power-law observed
Energy Scaling Laws for Distributed Inference in Random Fusion Networks
Yukich, Joseph E.
1 Energy Scaling Laws for Distributed Inference in Random Fusion Networks Animashree Anandkumar Abstract--The energy scaling laws of multihop data fusion networks for distributed inference are considered. The fusion network consists of randomly located sensors distributed i.i.d. according to a general spatial
Relic gravitational waves and the generalized second law
German Izquierdo; Diego Pavon
2005-01-12T23:59:59.000Z
The generalized second law of gravitational thermodynamics is applied to the present era of accelerated expansion of the Universe. In spite of the fact that the entropy of matter and relic gravitational waves inside the event horizon diminish, the mentioned law is fulfilled provided that the expression for the entropy density of the gravitational waves satisfies a certain condition.
Conservation laws in gravitational theories with general nonminimal coupling
Yuri N. Obukhov; Dirk Puetzfeld
2013-04-18T23:59:59.000Z
We use the Lagrange-Noether methods to derive the conservation laws for models in which matter interacts nonminimally with the gravitational field. The nonminimal coupling function can depend arbitrarily on the gravitational field strength. The obtained result generalizes earlier findings. The generalized conservation laws provide the basis for the derivation of the equations of motion for the nonminimally coupled test bodies.
PUSH PULL MIGRATION LAWS x Guido Dorigo* and Waldo Tobler
Tobler, Waldo
PUSH PULL MIGRATION LAWS x Guido Dorigo* and Waldo Tobler Abstract:Themathematicsofapush-pullmodelareshowntoincorporatemanyofRavenstein's laws of migration, to be equivalent to a quadratic transportation problem, and to be related, Helmholz equation, migration theory, quadratic pro- gramming, spatial interaction. It is now approximately
Health, Law & Justice Justice Brandeis Semester Summer 2015
Snider, Barry B.
Health, Law & Justice Justice Brandeis Semester Summer 2015 Instructors: Sarah Elisabeth Curi, JD on Tuesdays and Thursdays Outline of Course Syllabus - subject to revision Health, Law & Justice curious to learn more about health care in the U.S. This JBS merges two highly participatory seminars
Law, Logic and Language in Legal Computer Science
Cheng, Eugenia
Law, Logic and Language in Legal Computer Science Michael Heather School of Law University of Northumbria at Newcastle, NE1 8ST, UK B.Nick Rossiter Computing Science Newcastle University, NE1 7RU B.N.Rossiter@ncl.ac.uk November 1995 Abstract Legal computer science requires a theoretical basis which can be realized
W&L Law Program Facts: # of Clinics: 6
Marsh, David
W&L Law Program Facts: # of Clinics: 6 # of Students Participating in Clinics: 61 # of Students Endowment Opportunities Clinic Endowment $1,500,000 The Third Year Program requires every student to have their work in the clinics. The Law School currently has six clinics: Black Lung, Tax, Community Legal
UNIVERSITY OF STRATHCLYDE LAW CLINIC Where we began
Mottram, Nigel
UNIVERSITY OF STRATHCLYDE LAW CLINIC #12;Where we began Launched in October 2003 by Professor Donald Nicolson. The first university Law Clinic in Scotland. Provides free legal assistance to people Prisons Project Initial Advice Clinics Consumer Project Innocence Project Schools Project #12;Peer
Law, Technology and Development Opportunities and Challenges in
Strathclyde, University of
Strathclyde Law School "The Politics of Biotechnology Regulation Perceptions of morality, trade, and EU-China and Politics in RiskRegulation of GMOs: A Comparison between the EU and China" 2:45 3:15 Coffee Break 3Law, Technology and Development Opportunities and Challenges in EU-China Relations 11 November 2014
The Composition and Validation of Heterogeneous Control Laws Benjamin Kuipersy
Kuipers, Benjamin
Introduction Much control theory is based on linear models. This works very well for steady state regulation cation." Again, design and validation of these control laws is based primarily on experienceThe Composition and Validation of Heterogeneous Control Laws Benjamin Kuipersy University of Texas
Power-law connections: From Zipf to Heaps and beyond
Eliazar, Iddo I., E-mail: eliazar@post.tau.ac.il [Holon Institute of Technology, P.O. Box 305, Holon 58102 (Israel); Cohen, Morrel H., E-mail: mcohen@physics.rutgers.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854-8019 (United States); Department of Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States)
2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we explore the asymptotic statistics of a general model of rank distributions in the large-ensemble limit; the construction of the general model is motivated by recent empirical studies of rank distributions. Applying Lorenzian, oligarchic, and Heapsian asymptotic analyses we establish a comprehensive set of closed-form results linking together rank distributions, probability distributions, oligarchy sizes, and innovation rates. In particular, the general results reveal the fundamental underlying connections between Zipf’s law, Pareto’s law, and Heaps’ law—three elemental empirical power-laws that are ubiquitously observed in the sciences. -- Highlights: ? The large-ensemble asymptotic statistics of rank distributions are explored. ? Lorenzian, oligarchic, and Heapsian asymptotic analyses are applied. ? Associated oligarchy sizes and induced innovation rates are analyzed. ? General elemental statistical connections are established. ? The underlying connections between Zipf’s, Pareto’s and Heaps’ laws are unveiled.
A Kinematic Conservation Law in Free Surface Flow
Sergey Gavrilyuk; Henrik Kalisch; Zahra Khorsand
2014-10-24T23:59:59.000Z
The Green-Naghdi system is used to model highly nonlinear weakly dispersive waves propagating at the surface of a shallow layer of a perfect fluid. The system has three associated conservation laws which describe the conservation of mass, momentum, and energy due to the surface wave motion. In addition, the system features a fourth conservation law which is the main focus of this note. It is shown how this fourth conservation law can be interpreted in terms of a concrete kinematic quantity connected to the evolution of the tangent velocity at the free surface. The equation for the tangent velocity is first derived for the full Euler equations in both two and three dimensional flows, and in both cases, it gives rise to an approximate balance law in the Green-Naghdi theory which turns out to be identical to the fourth conservation law for this system.
Distortion of power law blinking with binning and thresholding
Amecke, Nicole; Heber, André; Cichos, Frank, E-mail: cichos@physik.uni-leipzig.de [Molecular Nanophotonics Group, Institute of Experimental Physics I, Universität Leipzig, Linnéstraße 5, 04103 Leipzig (Germany)] [Molecular Nanophotonics Group, Institute of Experimental Physics I, Universität Leipzig, Linnéstraße 5, 04103 Leipzig (Germany)
2014-03-21T23:59:59.000Z
Fluorescence intermittency is a random switching between emitting (on) and non-emitting (off) periods found for many single chromophores such as semiconductor quantum dots and organic molecules. The statistics of the duration of on- and off-periods are commonly determined by thresholding the emission time trace of a single chromophore and appear to be power law distributed. Here we test with the help of simulations if the experimentally determined power law distributions can actually reflect the underlying statistics. We find that with the experimentally limited time resolution real power law statistics with exponents ?{sub on/off} ? 1.6, especially if ?{sub on} ? ?{sub off} would not be observed as such in the experimental data after binning and thresholding. Instead, a power law appearance could simply be obtained from the continuous distribution of intermediate intensity levels. This challenges much of the obtained data and the models describing the so-called power law blinking.
Determining the extragalactic extinction law with SALT
Ido Finkelman; Noah Brosch; Alexei Y. Kniazev; David Buckley; Darragh O'Donoghue; Yas Hashimoto; Nicola Loaring; Encarni Romero; Martin Still; Petri Vaisanen
2008-08-05T23:59:59.000Z
We present CCD imaging observations of early-type galaxies with dark lanes obtained with the Southern African Large Telescope (SALT) during its performance-verification phase. We derive the extinction law by the extragalactic dust in the dark lanes in the spectral range 1.11mu m^{-1} < lambda^{-1} < 2.94 mu m^{-1} by fitting model galaxies to the unextinguished parts of the image, and subtracting from these the actual images. We find that the extinction curves run parallel to the Galactic extinction curve, which implies that the properties of dust in the extragalactic enviroment are similar to those of the Milky Way. The ratio of the total V band extinction to the selective extinction between the V and B bands is derived for each galaxy with an average of 2.82+-0.38, compared to a canonical value of 3.1 for the Milky Way. The similar values imply that galaxies with well-defined dark lanes have characteristic dust grain sizes similar to those of Galactic dust.
An Unbroken Axial Vector Current Conservation Law
Rasulkhozha S. Sharafiddinov
2015-05-28T23:59:59.000Z
The mass, energy and momentum of the neutrino of a true flavor have an axial-vector nature. As a consequence, the left-handed truly neutral neutrino in an axial-vector field of emission can be converted into a right-handed one and vice versa. This predicts the unidenticality of masses, energies and momenta of neutrinos of the different components. Recognizing such a difference in masses, energies, momenta and accepting that the left-handed axial-vector neutrino and the right-handed antineutrino of true neutrality refer to long-lived C-odd leptons, and the right-handed truly neutral neutrino and the left-handed axial-vector antineutrino are of short-lived fermions of C-oddity, we would write a new CP-even Dirac equation taking into account the flavor symmetrical axial-vector mass, energy and momentum matrices. Their presence explains the spontaneous mirror symmetry violation, confirming that an axial-vector current conservation law has never violated. They reflect the availability of a mirror Minkowski space in which a neutrino is characterized by left as well as by right space-time coordinates. Therefore, it is not surprising that whatever the main purposes experiments about a quasielastic axial-vector mass say in favor of an axial-vector mirror Minkowski space-time.
Dixon, Juan
About OGEL OGEL (Oil, Gas & Energy Law Intelligence): Focussing on recent developments in the area of oil-gas-energy law, regulation, treaties, judicial and arbitral cases, voluntary guidelines, tax and contracting, including the oil-gas- energy geopolitics. For full Terms & Conditions and subscription rates
Module No: 420464Local Administration LawModule Title: Co-requisite:Administration Law (2)PreSpecial Educational Guidance Office Hours Module Description: This course addresses the topic of local administration, economically and administratively. Module Aims: this module aims to: 1. provide students with the basic as well
From Key Numbers to Keywords: How Automation Has Transformed the Law
Hanson, F. Allan
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 563 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 564 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 565 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 566 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 567 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 568 2002 Hein...Online -- 94 Law Libr. J. 569 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 570 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 571 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 572 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 573 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 574 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J...
LEXSEE 16 BERKELEY TECH L J 1 Copyright (c) 2001 Berkeley Technology Law Journal
Kammen, Daniel M.
Page 1 LEXSEE 16 BERKELEY TECH L J 1 Copyright (c) 2001 Berkeley Technology Law Journal Berkeley Technology Law Journal 2001 16 Berkeley Tech. L.J. 1 LENGTH: 3937 words ANNUAL REVIEW OF LAW AND TECHNOLOGY Law Journal; J.D. candidate, 2001, Boalt Hall School of Law, University of California, Berkeley; Ph
M. Bahrami ENSC 388 (F09) 2nd Law of Thermodynamics 1
Bahrami, Majid
M. Bahrami ENSC 388 (F09) 2nd Law of Thermodynamics 1 The Second Law of Thermodynamics The second law of thermodynamics asserts that processes occur it satisfies both the first and the second laws of thermodynamics. The second law also asserts that energy
Power law violation of the area law in quantum spin chains
Ramis Movassagh; Peter W. Shor
2014-10-03T23:59:59.000Z
The sub-volume scaling of the entanglement entropy with the system's size, $n$, has been a subject of vigorous study in the last decade [1]. The area law provably holds for gapped one dimensional systems [2] and it was believed to be violated by at most a factor of $\\log\\left(n\\right)$ in physically reasonable models such as critical systems. In this paper, we generalize the spin$-1$ model of Bravyi et al [3] to all integer spin-$s$ chains, whereby we introduce a class of exactly solvable models that are physical and exhibit signatures of criticality, yet violate the area law by a power law. The proposed Hamiltonian is local and translationally invariant in the bulk. We prove that it is frustration free and has a unique ground state. Moreover, we prove that the energy gap scales as $n^{-c}$, where using the theory of Brownian excursions, we prove $c\\ge2$. This rules out the possibility of these models being described by a conformal field theory. We analytically show that the Schmidt rank grows exponentially with $n$ and that the half-chain entanglement entropy to the leading order scales as $\\sqrt{n}$ (Eq. 16). Geometrically, the ground state is seen as a uniform superposition of all $s-$colored Motzkin walks. Lastly, we introduce an external field which allows us to remove the boundary terms yet retain the desired properties of the model. Our techniques for obtaining the asymptotic form of the entanglement entropy, the gap upper bound and the self-contained expositions of the combinatorial techniques, more akin to lattice paths, may be of independent interest.
A mechanical model for Fourier's law of heat conduction
David Ruelle
2011-02-27T23:59:59.000Z
Nonequilibrium statistical mechanics close to equilibrium is a physically satisfactory theory centered on the linear response formula of Green-Kubo. This formula results from a formal first order perturbation calculation without rigorous justification. A rigorous derivation of Fourier's law for heat conduction from the laws of mechanics remains thus a major unsolved problem. In this note we present a deterministic mechanical model of a heat-conducting chain with nontrivial interactions, where kinetic energy fluctuations at the nodes of the chain are removed. In this model the derivation of Fourier's law can proceed rigorously.
Hanford Low Activity Waste (LAW) Fluidized Bed Steam Reformer...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
Low Activity Waste (LAW) Fluidized Bed Steam Reformer (FBSR) Na-Al-Si (NAS) Waste Form Qualification C.M. Jantzen and E.M. Pierce November 18, 2010 2 Participating Organizations 3...
Banishment By a Thousand Laws: Residency Restrictions on Sex Offenders
Yung, Corey Rayburn
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Across America, states, localities, and private communities are debating and implementing laws to limit the places of residence of convicted sex offenders. Twenty states and hundreds, if not thousands, of local communities have adopted statutes...
June 24 Webinar Will Discuss How Environmental Laws and Regulations...
Projects on Indian Lands, on Wednesday, June 24, 2015, from 11 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. Mountain time. Speakers will discuss environmental laws and regulations that can affect...
OBTAINING LAWS OF THERMODYNAMICS FOR IDEAL GASES USING ELASTIC COLLISIONS
Montgomery-Smith, Stephen
momenta. In [3], this work was used to simulate the Carnot cycle. This paper gives a slightly different Newtonian. For example, the motion is reversible, thus demonstrating that the second law of thermodynamics
VISCOSITY AND RELAXATION APPROXIMATIONS FOR HYPERBOLIC SYSTEMS OF CONSERVATION LAWS
Tzavaras, Athanasios E.
VISCOSITY AND RELAXATION APPROXIMATIONS FOR HYPERBOLIC SYSTEMS deal with the approximation of conservation * *laws via viscosity or relaxation. The following topics are covered: The general structure of viscosity and relaxation approximations is discu
The Role of Patent Law in Knowledge Codification
Burk, DL
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Lemley, Policy Levers in Patent Law, 89 VA. L. REV. 1575 (Rational Ignorance at the Patent Office, 95 Nw. U. L.Mark A. Lemley, Reconceiving Patents in the Age of Venture
Centre for Environmental Law -Macquarie Sustainability Macquarie University
Wang, Yan
: · As an institution we function as a sustainable community, embodying responsible consumption of energy, water, foodCentre for Environmental Law - Macquarie Sustainability Macquarie University Self-Guided Sustainability Tour #12;Acknowledgements Self-Guided Sustainability Tour Macquarie University Centre
Solar and Wind Easements & Local Option Rights Laws
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Minnesota law also allows local zoning boards to restrict development for the purpose of protecting access to sunlight. In addition, zoning bodies may create variances in zoning rules in...
Title 1 General Provisions Chapter 5 Common Law; General Rights...
Title 1 General Provisions Chapter 5 Common Law; General Rights 3 V.S.A. Section 2809 Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document-...
www.postersession.com Conformal Conservation Laws and Geometric Integration
Moore, Brian
Equations Â· Schrdinger Equations Â· Shallow-Water Equations Many conservation laws are derived directly from in conformal multi-symplectic form Residual in local conformal probability Residual in total conformal
Building on Clues: Methods to Help State and Local Law
McShea, Daniel W.
and Characterize Terrorist Activity Project Leads John Hollywood, PhD, RTI International Kevin Strom, PhD, RTI International Mark Pope, MS, RTI International Statement of Problem State and local law enforcement agencies
First law energy balance as a data screening tool
Shao, Xiaojie
2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis defines the Energy Balance Load ( BL E ) as the difference between the heating requirements plus the electric gains in the building and the cooling coil loads. It then applies a first law energy balance in ...
The Effects of Moore's Law and Slacking on Large Computations
C Gottbrath; J Bailin; C Meakin; T Thompson; J. J. Charfman
1999-12-09T23:59:59.000Z
We show that, in the context of Moore's Law, overall productivity can be increased for large enough computations by `slacking' or waiting for some period of time before purchasing a computer and beginning the calculation.
Preliminary Investigation of Sulfur Loading in Hanford LAW Glass
Vienna, John D.; Hrma, Pavel R.; Buchmiller, William C.; Ricklefs, Joel S.
2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
A preliminary estimate was developed for loading limits for high-sulfur low-activity waste (LAW) feeds that will be vitrified into borosilicate glass at the Hanford Site in the waste-cleanup effort. Previous studies reported in the literature were consulted to provide a basis for the estimate. The examination of previous studies led to questions about sulfur loading in Hanford LAW glass, and scoping tests were performed to help answer these questions. These results of these tests indicated that a formulation approach developed by Vienna and colleagues shows promise for maximizing LAW loading in glass. However, there is a clear need for follow-on work. The potential for significantly lowering the amount of LAW glass produced at Hanford (after the initial phase of processing) because of higher sulfur tolerances may outweigh the cost and effort required to perform the necessary testing.
Removing the Entropy Screen- To Let the Second Law Show
Steinmeyer, D.
1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
the second 'law' in terms of work; rathel' than entropy, , REFERENCES 1. Steinmeyer, D., "Process Energy Conservation"" I in Kirk-Qtbmer: Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology; supplement volume, third edition, John Wiley, 1984 pp 669-697. 2. Kenney, W...
Solar Easements and Local Option Solar Rights Laws
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
New York's real property laws allow for the creation of solar easements. Like those in many other states, these are voluntary contracts which must be entered into in order to ensure uninterrupted...
Louisiana Solid Waste Management and Resource Recovery Law (Louisiana)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality manages solid waste for the state of Louisiana under the authority of the Solid Waste Management and Resource Recover Law. The Department makes...
Petroleum Products and Alternative Fuels Tax Law (Tennessee)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The Petroleum Products and Alternative Fuels Tax Law is relevant to all natural gas and/or biofuel projects. Compressed Natural Gas CNG, petroleum product and/or alternative dealers must apply for...
Solar and Wind Easements and Local Option Rights Laws
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Minnesota law provides for the creation of solar and wind easements for solar and wind-energy systems. As in many other states, these easements are voluntary contracts. However, unlike similar...
Power Law Discounting for N-Gram Language Models
Huang, Songfang; Renals, Steve
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present an approximation to the Bayesian hierarchical Pitman-Yor process language model which maintains the power law distribution over word tokens, while not requiring a computationally expensive approximate inference process. This approximation...
Numerical modelling of hyperbolic conservation laws using bicharacteristics
Hanke-Bourgeois, Martin
volume methods -1- #12;Overview I. Hyperbolic Conservation Laws Theory of bicharacteristics and evolution, bicharacteritsics stability, accuracy, error analysis III. Numerical Experiments: Wave equation system, Euler eqs finite volume methods -2- #12;· airflow · hydraulic schock · meteorological flow Source: efluid
Survey of Trends in Search and Seizure Law
Tonkovich, Emil A.
1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This article surveys significant trends in search and seizure law. Recent United States Supreme Court decisions are reviewed. The scope of this survey is limited to the following four areas: (1) fourth amendment protected interests; (2) the probable...
Conservation laws. Generation of physical fields. Principles of field theories
L. I. Petrova
2007-04-19T23:59:59.000Z
In the paper the role of conservation laws in evolutionary processes, which proceed in material systems (in material media) and lead to generation of physical fields, is shown using skew-symmetric differential forms. In present paper the skew-symmetric differential forms on deforming (nondifferentiable) manifolds were used in addition to exterior forms, which have differentiable manifolds as a basis. Such skew-symmetric forms (which were named evolutionary ones since they possess evolutionary properties), as well as the closed exterior forms, describe the conservation laws. But in contrast to exterior forms, which describe conservation laws for physical fields, the evolutionary forms correspond to conservation laws for material systems. The evolutionary forms possess an unique peculiarity, namely, the closed exterior forms are obtained from these forms. It is just this that enables one to describe the process of generation of physical fields, to disclose connection between physical fields and material systems and to resolve many problems of existing field theories.
"Law As . . .": Theory and Practice in Legal History
Barrett, Jeffrey A.
arguments Orren would elaborate in her book Belated Feudalism.2 The metaphysics in Orren's title were those & Andrew J. King eds., 1992). 2. KAREN ORREN, BELATED FEUDALISM: LABOR, THE LAW, AND LIBERAL DEVELOPMENT
Area Law for Gapless States from Local Entanglement Thermodynamics
Swingle, Brian
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We demonstrate an area law bound on the ground state entanglement entropy of a wide class of gapless quantum states of matter using a strategy called local entanglement thermodynamics. The bound depends only on thermodynamic data, actually a single exponent, the hyper-scaling violation exponent $\\theta$. All systems in $d$ spatial dimensions obeying our scaling assumptions and with $\\theta < d-1$ obey the area law, while systems with $\\theta = d-1$ can violate the area law at most logarithmically. We also discuss the case of frustration-free Hamiltonians and show that to violate the area law more than logarithmically these systems must have an unusually large number of low energy states. Finally, we make contact with the recently proposed $s$-source framework and argue that $\\theta$ and $s$ are related by $s=2^\\theta$.
Tolman's law in linear irreversible thermodynamics: a kinetic theory approach
A. Sandoval-Villalbazo; A. L. Garcia-Perciante; D. Brun-Battistini
2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper it is shown that Tolman's law can be derived from relativistic kinetic theory applied to a simple fluid in a BGK-like approximation. Using this framework, it becomes clear that the contribution of the gravitational field can be viewed as a cross effect that resembles the so-called \\emph{Thomson effect} in irreversible thermodynamics. A proper generalization of Tolman's law in an inhomogeneous medium is formally established based on these grounds.
Power Law Corrections to BTZ Black Hole Entropy
Dharm Veer Singh
2014-11-14T23:59:59.000Z
We study the quantum scalar field in the background of BTZ black hole and evaluate the entanglement entropy of the non-vacuum states. The entropy is proportional to the area of event horizon for the ground state, but the area law is violated in the case of non-vacuum states (first excited state and mixed states) and the corrections scale as power law.
Dynamical Horizons: Energy, Angular Momentum, Fluxes and Balance Laws
Abhay Ashtekar; Badri Krishnan
2002-11-03T23:59:59.000Z
Dynamical horizons are considered in full, non-linear general relativity. Expressions of fluxes of energy and angular momentum carried by gravitational waves across these horizons are obtained. Fluxes are local, the energy flux is positive and change in the horizon area is related to these fluxes. The flux formulae also give rise to balance laws analogous to the ones obtained by Bondi and Sachs at null infinity and provide generalizations of the first and second laws of black hole mechanics.
Current Practical Applications of the Second Law of Thermodynamics
Kenny, W. F.
1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of the Second Law to practical problems and second, to draw some evaluation of the direction of that work and areas for future activity. A computer literature search identified aboul~ one hundred published references relating to the Second Law, Exergy... percentage of European contributions, the term EXERGY is becoming more frequent. In the meantime, workers have a choice of terms which include lost work, availability, availability function, exergy, esergy, entropy generation, and various approaches...
Analysis of self-similar solutions of multidimensional conservation laws
Keyfitz, Barbara
2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
This project focused on analysis of multidimensional conservation laws, specifically on extensions to the study of self-siminar solutions, a project initiated by the PI. In addition, progress was made on an approach to studying conservation laws of very low regularity; in this research, the context was a novel problem in chromatography. Two graduate students in mathematics were supported during the grant period, and have almost completed their thesis research.
The generalized second law and the emergent universe
Diego Pavón; Sergio del Campo; Ramón Herrera
2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
We explore whether the generalized second law of thermodynamics is fulfilled in the transition from a generic initial Einstein static phase to the inflationary phase, with constant Hubble rate, and from the end of the latter to the conventional thermal radiation dominated era of expansion. As it turns out, the said law is satisfied provided the radiation component does not contribute largely to the total energy of the static phase.
The generalized second law in the emergent universe
Sergio del Campo; Ramon Herrera; Diego Pavon
2011-12-07T23:59:59.000Z
This paper studies whether the generalized second law of thermodynamics is fulfilled in the transition from a generic initial Einstein static phase to the inflationary phase, with constant Hubble rate, and from the end of the latter to the conventional era of thermal radiation dominated expansion. As it turns out, the said law is satisfied provided the radiation component does not largely contribute to the total energy of the static phase.
A New Polyethylene Scattering Law Determined Using Inelastic Neutron Scattering
Lavelle, Christopher M [ORNL; Liu, C [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Stone, Matthew B [ORNL
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Monte Carlo neutron transport codes such as MCNP rely on accurate data for nuclear physics cross-sections to produce accurate results. At low energy, this takes the form of scattering laws based on the dynamic structure factor, S (Q, E). High density polyethylene (HDPE) is frequently employed as a neutron moderator at both high and low temperatures, however the only cross-sections available are for T =300 K, and the evaluation has not been updated in quite some time. In this paper we describe inelastic neutron scattering measurements on HDPE at 5 and 300 K which are used to improve the scattering law for HDPE. We describe the experimental methods, review some of the past HDPE scattering laws, and compare computations using these models to the measured S (Q, E). The total cross-section is compared to available data, and the treatment of the carbon secondary scatterer as a free gas is assessed. We also discuss the use of the measurement itself as a scattering law via the 1 phonon approximation. We show that a scattering law computed using a more detailed model for the Generalized Density of States (GDOS) compares more favorably to this experiment, suggesting that inelastic neutron scattering can play an important role in both the development and validation of new scattering laws for Monte Carlo work.
Ronis, David M.
CHEMISTRY 223: Introductory Physical Chemistry I. Kinetics 1: Gas laws, kinetic theory or are taking CHEM 203 or CHEM 204. Note: Chemistry Honours and Majors must take CHEM 223 and CHEM 253 edition (Pearson Education, Inc., 2013). J.R. Barrante, Applied Mathematics for Physical Chemistry, 3rd
The importance of domestic law to international arms control
Lehman, R.F. II
1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
Studies of arms control and disarmament tend to focus on political, military, and diplomatic processes. Recently, in the context of the conversion of defense activities to civilian use, the economic aspects of arms control have also received renewed interest. The legal dimension, however, is in need of fresh examination. Both international and domestic law are sailing increasingly in uncharted waters. Recent arms control agreements and related developments in international peacekeeping have expanded the scope of international law and altered how one perceives certain fundamentals, including the principle of national sovereignty. Still, the nation state is largely unchallenged as the primary actor in international affairs. National governments retain near absolute sovereign rights and responsibilities even in an age of trans-national economic integration and codified international norms for human rights, freedom of the press, and the peaceful resolution of disputes. Indeed, the role of domestic law in arms control and disarmament may be more significant now than ever before. A brief review of relationships between arms control and domestic law should illustrate ways in which ones thinking has been underestimating the importance of domestic law. Hopefully, this survey will set the stage properly for the excellent, more detailed case studies by Elinor Hammarskjold and Alan Crawford. Toward that end, this paper will highlight a number of more general, and sometimes provocative, themes. These themes should be kept in mind when those two complementary presentations are considered.
Chemical Potential in the First Law for Holographic Entanglement Entropy
David Kastor; Sourya Ray; Jennie Traschen
2014-09-16T23:59:59.000Z
Entanglement entropy in conformal field theories is known to satisfy a first law. For spherical entangling surfaces, this has been shown to follow via the AdS/CFT correspondence and the holographic prescription for entanglement entropy from the bulk first law for Killing horizons. The bulk first law can be extended to include variations in the cosmological constant $\\Lambda$, which we established in earlier work. Here we show that this implies an extension of the boundary first law to include varying the number of degrees of freedom of the boundary CFT. The thermodynamic potential conjugate to $\\Lambda$ in the bulk is called the thermodynamic volume and has a simple geometric formula. In the boundary first law it plays the role of a chemical potential. For the bulk minimal surface $\\Sigma$ corresponding to a boundary sphere, the thermodynamic volume is found to be proportional to the area of $\\Sigma$, in agreement with the variation of the known result for entanglement entropy of spheres. The dependence of the CFT chemical potential on the entanglement entropy and number of degrees of freedom is similar to how the thermodynamic chemical potential of an ideal gas depends on entropy and particle number.
Systematic comparison of trip distribution laws and models
Lenormand, Maxime; Ramasco, José J
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Trip distribution laws are basic for the travel demand characterization needed in transport and urban planning. Several approaches have been considered in the last years. One of them is the so-called gravity law, in which the number of trips is assumed to be related to the population at origin and destination and to decrease with the distance. The mathematical expression of this law resembles Newton's law of gravity, which explains its name. Another popular approach is inspired by the theory of intervening opportunities and it has been concreted into the so-called radiation models. Individuals are supposed to travel until they find a job opportunity, so the population and jobs spatial distributions naturally lead to a trip flow network. In this paper, we perform a thorough comparison between the gravity and the radiation approaches in their ability at estimating commuting flows. We test the gravity and the radiation laws against empirical trip data at different scales and coming from different countries. Diff...
Kepler's Laws of Planetary Motion Charles Byrne (Charles Byrne@uml.edu)
Byrne, Charles
strong evidence for Newton's law of universal gravitation. 1 Preliminaries Kepler worked from 1601's law of universal gravitation. How Kepler discovered these laws without the aid of analytic geometry's inverse square law for gravitational attraction. 2 A Little Vector Calculus We consider a body
Olszewski Jr., Edward A.
that leads to acceptance by law schools. Acceptance is usually based on the Law School Admission Test (LSAT rounded college years, being part of campus groups and showing a willingness to volunteer in the local
Quasi-power laws in multiparticle production processes
Wilk, Grzegorz
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We review the ubiquitous presence in multiparticle production processes of quasi-power law distributions (i.e., distributions following pure power laws for large values of the argument but remaining finite, usually exponential, for small values). Special emphasis is placed on the conjecture that this reflects the presence in the produced hadronic systems of some intrinsic fluctuations. If described by parameter q they form, together with the scale parameter $T$ ("temperature"), basis of Tsallis distribution, ${f(X)\\sim [1 - (1-q)X/T]^{1/(1-q)}}$, frequently used to describe the relevant distributions (the X being usually a transverse momentum). We discuss the origin of such quasi-power law behavior based on our experience with the description of multiparticle production processes. In particular, we discuss Tsallis distribution with complex nonextensivity parameter q and argue that it is needed to describe log-oscillations as apparently observed in recent data on large momentum distributions in very high energ...
Effective stress law for the permeability of a limestone
Ghabezloo, Siavash; Guédon, Sylvine; Martineau, François
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The effective stress law for the permeability of a limestone is studied experimentally by performing constant head permeability tests in a triaxial cell with different conditions of confining pressure and pore pressure. Test results have shown that a pore pressure increase and a confining pressure decrease both result in an increase of the permeability, and that the effect of the pore pressure change on the variation of the permeability is more important than the effect of a change of the confining pressure. A power law is proposed for the variation of the permeability with the effective stress. The permeability effective stress coefficient increases linearly with the differential pressure and is greater than one as soon the differential pressure exceeds few bars. The test results are well reproduced using the proposed permeability-effective stress law. A conceptual pore-shell model based on a detailed observation of the microstructure of the studied limestone is proposed. This model is able to explain the ex...
Letter Report: LAW Simulant Development for Cast Stone Screening Test
Russell, Renee L.; Westsik, Joseph H.; Swanberg, David J.; Eibling, Russell E.; Cozzi, Alex; Lindberg, Michael J.; Josephson, Gary B.; Rinehart, Donald E.
2013-03-27T23:59:59.000Z
More than 56 million gallons of radioactive and hazardous waste are stored in 177 underground storage tanks at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Hanford Site in southeastern Washington State. The Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) is being constructed to treat the wastes and immobilize them in a glass waste form. The WTP includes a pretreatment facility to separate the wastes into a small volume of high-level waste (HLW) containing most of the radioactivity and a larger volume of low-activity waste (LAW) containing most of the nonradioactive chemicals. The HLW will be converted to glass in the HLW vitrification facility for ultimate disposal at an offsite federal repository. At least a portion (~35%) of the LAW will be converted to glass in the LAW vitrification facility and will be disposed of onsite at the Integrated Disposal Facility (IDF). The pretreatment and HLW vitrification facilities will have the capacity to treat and immobilize the wastes destined for each facility. However, a second facility will be needed for the expected volume of additional LAW requiring immobilization. A cementitious waste form known as Cast Stone is being considered to provide the required additional LAW immobilization capacity. The Cast Stone waste form must be acceptable for disposal in the IDF. The Cast Stone waste form and immobilization process must be tested to demonstrate that the final Cast Stone waste form can comply with waste acceptance criteria for the IDF disposal facility and that the immobilization processes can be controlled to consistently provide an acceptable waste form product. Further, the waste form must be tested to provide the technical basis for understanding the long term performance of the waste form in the IDF disposal environment. These waste form performance data are needed to support risk assessment and performance assessment (PA) analyses of the long-term environmental impact of the waste disposal in the IDF. A testing program was developed in fiscal year (FY) 2012 describing in some detail the work needed to develop and qualify Cast Stone as a waste form for the solidification of Hanford LAW (Westsik et al. 2012). Included within Westsik et al. (2012) is a section on the near-term needs to address Tri-Party Agreement Milestone M-062-40ZZ. The objectives of the testing program to be conducted in FY 2013 and FY 2014 are to: • Determine an acceptable formulation for the LAW Cast Stone waste form. • Evaluate sources of dry materials for preparing the LAW Cast Stone. • Demonstrate the robustness of the Cast Stone waste form for a range of LAW compositions. • Demonstrate the robustness of the formulation for variability in the Cast Stone process. • Provide Cast Stone contaminant release data for PA and risk assessment evaluations. The first step in determining an acceptable formulation for the LAW Cast Stone waste form is to conduct screening tests to examine expected ranges in pretreated LAW composition, waste stream concentrations, dry-materials sources, and mix ratios of waste feed to dry blend. A statistically designed test matrix will be used to evaluate the effects of these key parameters on the properties of the Cast Stone as it is initially prepared and after curing. The second phase of testing will focus on selection of a baseline Cast Stone formulation for LAW and demonstrating that Cast Stone can meet expected waste form requirements for disposal in the IDF. It is expected that this testing will use the results of the screening tests to define a smaller suite of tests to refine the composition of the baseline Cast Stone formulation (e.g. waste concentration, water to dry mix ratio, waste loading).
Will Moores law be sufficient?
DeBenedictis, Erik P.
2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
It seems well understood that supercomputer simulation is an enabler for scientific discoveries, weapons, and other activities of value to society. It also seems widely believed that Moore's Law will make progressively more powerful supercomputers over time and thus enable more of these contributions. This paper seeks to add detail to these arguments, revealing them to be generally correct but not a smooth and effortless progression. This paper will review some key problems that can be solved with supercomputer simulation, showing that more powerful supercomputers will be useful up to a very high yet finite limit of around 1021 FLOPS (1 Zettaflops) . The review will also show the basic nature of these extreme problems. This paper will review work by others showing that the theoretical maximum supercomputer power is very high indeed, but will explain how a straightforward extrapolation of Moore's Law will lead to technological maturity in a few decades. The power of a supercomputer at the maturity of Moore's Law will be very high by today's standards at 1016-1019 FLOPS (100 Petaflops to 10 Exaflops), depending on architecture, but distinctly below the level required for the most ambitious applications. Having established that Moore's Law will not be that last word in supercomputing, this paper will explore the nearer term issue of what a supercomputer will look like at maturity of Moore's Law. Our approach will quantify the maximum performance as permitted by the laws of physics for extension of current technology and then find a design that approaches this limit closely. We study a 'multi-architecture' for supercomputers that combines a microprocessor with other 'advanced' concepts and find it can reach the limits as well. This approach should be quite viable in the future because the microprocessor would provide compatibility with existing codes and programming styles while the 'advanced' features would provide a boost to the limits of performance.
Fresnel-transform's quantum correspondence and quantum optical ABCD Law
Fan Hongyi; Hu Liyun
2007-05-29T23:59:59.000Z
Corresponding to Fresnel transform there exists a unitary operator in quantum optics theory, which could be named Fresnel operator (FO). We show that the multiplication rule of FO naturally leads to the quantum optical ABCD law. The canonical operator methods as mapping of ray-transfer ABCD matrix is explicitly shown by FO's normally ordered expansion through the coherent state representation and the technique of integration within an ordered product of operators. We show that time evolution of the damping oscillator embodies the quantum optical ABCD law.
Commercial Feeding Stuffs, 1916-17: Texas feed law.
Youngblood, B. (Bonney)
1917-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
............................... Anal~ses for Season of 1916-17 61 ............................... Copy of the Feed Law of Texas 351 [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] 2ommercial Feeding Stuffs, 19 16- I 7 TEXAS FEED LAW B. YOUNGBLOOD, DIRECTOR. The Twenty-ninih Legislature... grain removed from the head and chopped. It must contain not less than 9 per cent. of protein, 2.50 per cent. of fat; and not more than 3.50 per cent. of crude fiber. Kafir Head Chops consists of the entire head, chopped. It must con- tain not less...
Local Gravity Constraints and Power Law f(R) Theories
Yousef Bisabr
2010-05-31T23:59:59.000Z
There is a conformal equivalence between power law $f(R)$ theories and scalar field theories in which the scalar degree of freedom evolves under the action of an exponential potential function. In the scalar field representation there is a strong coupling of the scalar field with the matter sector due to the conformal transformation. We use chameleon mechanism to implement constraints on the potential function of the scalar field in order that the resulting model be in accord with Solar System experiments. Investigation of these constraints reveals that there may be no possibility to distinguish between a power law $f(R)$ function and the usual Einstein-Hilbert Lagrangian density.
The 1st Law of Thermodynamics in Chemical Reactions
I. A. Stepanov
2000-11-10T23:59:59.000Z
In the previous papers of the author it has been shown that the 1st law of thermodynamics in chemical reactions is the following one: dU=dQ+PdV+SUM In the present paper this theory was developed and it has been shown that the 1st law of thermodynamics in chemical reactions has the following form: dC=-dU+dA and -dU=dQ where dC is the change in the chemical energy, dU is the change in the internal energy. Internal energy is the energy of thermal motion of molecules.
Power-law cosmologies in minimal and maximal gauged supergravity
J. Blåbäck; A. Borghese; S. S. Haque
2013-03-13T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we search for accelerating power-law solutions and ekpyrotic solutions within minimal and maximal four dimensional supergravity theories. We focus on the STU model for N=1 and on the new CSO(p,q,r) theories, which were recently obtained exploiting electromagnetic duality, for N=8. In the minimal case we find some new ekpyrotic solutions, while in the maximal case we find some new generic power-law solutions. We do not find any new accelerating solutions for these models.
Modeling nonlinear random vibration: Implication of the energy conservation law
Xu Sun; Jinqiao Duan; Xiaofan Li
2012-06-18T23:59:59.000Z
Nonlinear random vibration under excitations of both Gaussian and Poisson white noises is considered. The model is based on stochastic differential equations, and the corresponding stochastic integrals are defined in such a way that the energy conservation law is satisfied. It is shown that Stratonovich integral and Di Paola-Falsone integral should be used for excitations of Gaussian and Poisson white noises, respectively, in order for the model to satisfy the underlining physical laws (e.g., energy conservation). Numerical examples are presented to illustrate the theoretical results.
Power-law friction in closely-packed granular materials
Takahiro Hatano
2007-05-08T23:59:59.000Z
In order to understand the nature of friction in closely-packed granular materials, a discrete element simulation on granular layers subjected to isobaric plain shear is performed. It is found that the friction coefficient increases as the power of the shear rate, the exponent of which does not depend on the material constants. Using a nondimensional parameter that is known as the inertial number, the power-law can be cast in a generalized form so that the friction coefficients at different confining pressures collapse on the same curve. We show that the volume fraction also obeys a power-law.
Zeroth Law compatibility of non-additive thermodynamics
T. S. Biró; P. Ván
2011-06-02T23:59:59.000Z
Non-extensive thermodynamics was criticized among others by stating that the Zeroth Law cannot be satisfied with non-additive composition rules. In this paper we determine the general functional form of those non-additive composition rules which are compatible with the Zeroth Law of thermodynamics. We find that this general form is additive for the formal logarithms of the original quantities and the familiar relations of thermodynamics apply to these. Our result offers a possible solution to the longstanding problem about equilibrium between extensive and non-extensive systems or systems with different non-extensivity parameters.
Wintner, Shuly
of Lucerne School of Law - Memories from the Future Alexander H. E. Morawa "I Have a Dream.................................................................................7 How to Design a Global Law School for Lucerne and Elsewhere for the Year 2032, I was attending the graduation of the 2032 class of the University of Lucerne's global law program
United States Export Control Laws Current export laws control both hardware and information Information and Guidelines: United States Export Control Laws, on the CSU Export Control website (http://web.research.colostate.edu/OSP/export.aspx). 1. What are Export Controls? The United States government has a vested interest in protecting
Current Practical Applications of the Second Law of Thermodynamics
Kenny, W. F.
The objectives of this paper are first, to summarize the kind of activity that has been going on since 1980 in the application of the Second Law to practical problems and second, to draw some evaluation of the direction of that work and areas...
PATENT LAW BASICS 1. What is a Patent?
PATENT LAW BASICS 1. What is a Patent? A patent is an agreement between an inventor and the government, granting the inventor the right, for a limited period, to exclude others from making, using is "to promote the progress of science and the useful arts..." While an inventor may financially benefit
UPDATED: 8/29/2013 THE DICKINSON SCHOOL OF LAW
Lee, Dongwon
space · 3 bedrooms + bonus room on third floor · 1& ½ remodeled bathrooms · gas heating, central air, Carlisle Quiet 2nd floor apartment. One bedroom. $395 includes heat/water/sewer. Four blocks from law COMPLEXES APARTMENTS/HOUSES - CARLISLE 3 E. HIGH STREET, Apt. # 2, Carlisle - 2nd Floor apartment, available
COURSE OUTLINE ENV 399 Special Topic: ENVIRONMENTAL LAW
with specific environmental issues such as pollution, toxic substances, water management, fisheries, forestry policy making. In-class film presentation: Crude: The Real Price of Oil (2009). 2. Basic Concepts conventions; customary international law; implementation and compliance issues; trans-boundary pollution
Law, Technology and the Environment in natural resource management
Law, Technology and the Environment in natural resource management: Forestry and illegal logging: Forestry and illegal logging in (eds) J.D. Wulfhurst & A. Haugstad. Environmental Justice 2. http://www.illegal these issues, helping to turn them from conflicts to potential win-win situations. Illegal logging
The Complete Flux Scheme for Spherically Symmetric Conservation Laws
Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit
and M.J.H. Anthonissen Eindhoven University of Technology Department of Mathematics and Computer Science for computing the numerical fluxes. The approximation for the flux is based on the complete differential to a spherically symmet- ric conservation law of advection-diffusion-reaction type. For the numer- ical flux we use
Detonation Engine Performance Comparison Using First and Second Law Analyses
Texas at Arlington, University of
of an exergy analysis with First Law performance benchmarks proves to be a useful approach for optimization of application. One proposed metric that has been used extensively in other industries is the exergy analysis of thermodynamics.2,3 Exergy (also known as availability) analysis can be used to maximize the work output
On Numerical Methods for Hyperbolic Conservation Laws and Related Equations
Bürger, Raimund
A classical kinematical model of sedimentation of small equal-sized particles dispersed in a viscous fluidOn Numerical Methods for Hyperbolic Conservation Laws and Related Equations Modelling Sedimentation with nonlocal flux, systems of nonlinear conservation modelling the sedimentation of polydisperse suspensions
CONVEXITY-PRESERVING FLUX IDENTIFICATION FOR SCALAR CONSERVATION LAWS MODELLING
Bürger, Raimund
CONVEXITY-PRESERVING FLUX IDENTIFICATION FOR SCALAR CONSERVATION LAWS MODELLING SEDIMENTATION classification: 35L65, 35R30, 65M32 1. Introduction 1.1. Scope. The sedimentation of small particles dispersed length scales (diameter and depth) of the settling vessel. Moreover, sedimentation models
CONVEXITY-PRESERVING FLUX IDENTIFICATION FOR SCALAR CONSERVATION LAWS MODELLING
Bürger, Raimund
CONVEXITY-PRESERVING FLUX IDENTIFICATION FOR SCALAR CONSERVATION LAWS MODELLING SEDIMENTATION RAIMUND B¨URGERA AND STEFAN DIEHLB, Abstract. Sedimentation of a suspension of small particles dispersed. Introduction 1.1. Scope. The sedimentation of small particles dispersed in a viscous fluid under the influence
Load Balancing in Wireless Sensor Networks using Kirchhoff's Voltage Law
Toumpis, Stavros
Load Balancing in Wireless Sensor Networks using Kirchhoff's Voltage Law Stavros Toumpis Electrical balancing in wireless networks with a single class of traffic, focusing our attention on an important example, i.e., Wireless Sensor Networks. The analysis is based on the Wireless Minimum Cost Problem
A First Law Thermodynamic Analysis of Biodiesel Production From Soybean
Patzek, Tadeusz W.
A First Law Thermodynamic Analysis of Biodiesel Production From Soybean Tad W. Patzek Department of Petroleum and Geosystems Engineering The University of Texas at Austin, TX 78712 Email: patzek that the overall efficiency of biodiesel production is 0.18, i.e., only 1 in 5 parts of the solar energy
Wireless Sensing and Structural Control Strategies Kincho H. Law1
Stanford University
Wireless Sensing and Structural Control Strategies Kincho H. Law1 , Andrew Swartz2 , Jerome P from wireless communication and embedded computing technologies in terms of installation cost and time. Our prior research has developed low-cost wireless sensing systems for structural monitoring
Modified Newton's law, braneworlds, and the gravitational quantum well
F. Buisseret; B. Silvestre-Brac; V. Mathieu
2007-01-18T23:59:59.000Z
Most of the theories involving extra dimensions assume that only the gravitational interaction can propagate in them. In such approaches, called brane world models, the effective, 4-dimensional, Newton's law is modified at short as well as at large distances. Usually, the deformation of Newton's law at large distances is parametrized by a Yukawa potential, which arises mainly from theories with compactified extra dimensions. In many other models however, the extra dimensions are infinite. These approaches lead to a large distance power-law deformation of the gravitational newtonian potential $V_N(r)$, namely $V(r)=(1+k_b/r^b)V_N(r)$, which is less studied in the literature. We investigate here the dynamics of a particle in a gravitational quantum well with such a power-law deformation. The effects of the deformation on the energy spectrum are discussed. We also compare our modified spectrum to the results obtained with the GRANIT experiment, where the effects of the Earth's gravitational field on quantum states of ultra cold neutrons moving above a mirror are studied. This comparison leads to upper bounds on $b$ and $k_b$.
A power-law description of heavy ion collision centrality
Thomas A. Trainor; Duncan J. Prindle
2007-01-30T23:59:59.000Z
The minimum-bias distribution on heavy ion collision multiplicity $n_{ch}$ is well approximated by power-law form $n_{ch}^{-3/4}$, suggesting that a change of variable to $n_{ch}^{1/4}$ may provide more precise access to the structure of the distribution and to A-A collision centrality. We present a detailed centrality study of Hijing-1.37 Monte Carlo data at 200 GeV using the power-law format. We find that the minimum-bias distribution on $n_{participant}^{1/4}$, determined with a Glauber Monte Carlo simulation, is uniform except for a 5% sinusoidal variation. The power-law format reveals precise linear relations between Glauber parameters $n_{part}$ and $n_{bin}$ and the fractional cross section. The power-law format applied to RHIC data facilitates incorporation of extrapolation constraints on data and Glauber distributions to obtain a ten-fold improvement in centrality accuracy for peripheral collisions.
Board of Visitors Southern Illinois University School of Law
Nickrent, Daniel L.
, IL Julian Pei Carbondale, IL Ryan Yates, Esq. Commonwealth Attorney's Office Paducah, KY Doreen Carbondale, IL Hon. Kimberly Dahlen First Judicial Circuit Murphysboro, IL Hon. J. William Graves Paducah, KY. Belknap, IL Karen Kendall, Esq. Peoria, IL #12;Mark Bryant, Esq. Bryant Law Center P.S.C. Paducah, KY
Violation of Laws, Losses, and Incidents of Security Concerns
Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]
1992-09-15T23:59:59.000Z
To set forth Department of Energy (DOE) procedures to assure timely and effective action relating to violations of criminal, laws, loses, and incidents of security concern to DOE. Cancels DOE O 5631.5. Canceled by DOE O 470.1 of 9-28-1995.
Ground state energy scaling laws during the onset and destruction
@cims.nyu.edu; Courant Institute, New York University, New York, NY 10012, USA 4 otto@iam.uni-bonn.de; Institut fGround state energy scaling laws during the onset and destruction of the intermediate state Abstract The intermediate state of a type-I superconductor is a classical ex- ample of energy
On the Evolution of Lehman's Laws Michael W. Godfrey
Godfrey, Michael W.
On the Evolution of Lehman's Laws Michael W. Godfrey David R. Cheriton School of Computer Science University of Waterloo, CANADA email: migod@uwaterloo.ca Daniel M. German Department of Computer Science" of software should be paid to think too. Like many other pioneers of computer science, Lehman lived
Quenched Limit Laws for Transient, One-Dimensional RWRE
Jonathon Peterson
2008-04-06T23:59:59.000Z
Apr 8, 2008 ... Ladder locations {?n} defined by ?0 = 0, ?n := inf{i > ?n?1 : V(i) < V(?n?1)} ... Heuristics of Quenched Limit Laws. T?n = n. ? i=1. (T?i ? T?i?1 ).
The Scientist : Surpassing the Law of Averages The Scientist
Heller, Eric
/8/2009 7:02:24 PM] #12;The Scientist : Surpassing the Law of Averages "Single-cell genomics appears to be the most straightforward, and at the moment the only way we can assemble the genomes of the uncultured and pushing technological limitations to bring their studies of genomics, genetics, RNA transcription
Notes on the Generalised Second Law of Thermodynamics
S. -T. Sung
1997-03-22T23:59:59.000Z
Several comments are given to previous proofs of the generalised second law of thermodynamics: black hole entropy plus ordinary matter entropy never decreases for a thermally closed system. Arguments in favour of its truism are given in the spirit of conventional thermodynamics.
NEWS AND VIEWS Modeling gene expression control using Omes Law
Nguyen, Dat H.
NEWS AND VIEWS Modeling gene expression control using Omes Law Harmen J Bussemaker Department class of methods that fit simple mathematical models of transcription regulation to DNA microarray data factors (TFs) to specific sites in the genome is a crucial step in the molecular process controlling gene
Four and Half Centuries of New (New) Law and Economics
Boyer, Edmond
Control of Economic Activity 2 Social oversight and regulation of entrepreneurial and commercial involve specific ways of sharing the costs of control and regulation of markets and of usingFour and Half Centuries of New (New) Law and Economics Legal Pragmatism, Discreet Joint Regulation
INFORMATION NOTE United Nations/Nigeria Workshop on Space Law
Glass, Ian S.
1 INFORMATION NOTE United Nations/Nigeria Workshop on Space Law "Meeting international responsibilities and addressing domestic needs" Hosted by the Government of Nigeria 21-24 November 2005 Abuja, Nigeria Background Given the growing number of benefits derived from the use of space applications
Module No: 410318Social Security LawModule Title: Co-requisite:Labor LawPre-requisite
% Paper research essays 5% Total 100% Week Subject Notes 1st Defining Social Security and its development in Jordan 2nd Defining the (insured employer) according to Social Security Law and terms 3rd Defining as practical legal research paper on subjects related to Social Security Learning Outcomes (Knowledge
Power-laws in recurrence networks from dynamical systems
Y. Zou; J. Heitzig; R. V. Donner; J. F. Donges; J. D. Farmer; R. Meucci; S. Euzzor; N. Marwan; J. Kurths
2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z
Recurrence networks are a novel tool of nonlinear time series analysis allowing the characterisation of higher-order geometric properties of complex dynamical systems based on recurrences in phase space, which are a fundamental concept in classical mechanics. In this Letter, we demonstrate that recurrence networks obtained from various deterministic model systems as well as experimental data naturally display power-law degree distributions with scaling exponents $\\gamma$ that can be derived exclusively from the systems' invariant densities. For one-dimensional maps, we show analytically that $\\gamma$ is not related to the fractal dimension. For continuous systems, we find two distinct types of behaviour: power-laws with an exponent $\\gamma$ depending on a suitable notion of local dimension, and such with fixed $\\gamma=1$.
Fourier law, phase transitions and the stationary Stefan problem
Anna De Masi; Errico Presutti; Dimitrios Tsagkarogiannis
2010-09-23T23:59:59.000Z
We study the one-dimensional stationary solutions of an integro-differential equation derived by Giacomin and Lebowitz from Kawasaki dynamics in Ising systems with Kac potentials, \\cite{GiacominLebowitz}. We construct stationary solutions with non zero current and prove the validity of the Fourier law in the thermodynamic limit showing that below the critical temperature the limit equilibrium profile has a discontinuity (which defines the position of the interface) and satisfies a stationary free boundary Stefan problem. Under-cooling and over-heating effects are also studied. We show that if metastable values are imposed at the boundaries then the mesoscopic stationary profile is no longer monotone and therefore the Fourier law is not satisfied. It regains however its validity in the thermodynamic limit where the limit profile is again monotone away from the interface.
Third law of thermodynamics for the dissipative cyclotron motion
Kumar, Jishad [Institute of Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University in Prague, Ke Karlovu 5, 121 16, Prague 2 (Czech Republic)] [Institute of Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University in Prague, Ke Karlovu 5, 121 16, Prague 2 (Czech Republic)
2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
We derive the heat capacity and the entropy of an exactly solvable model of a charged particle in the combined presence of a uniform homogeneous magnetic field and a finite dissipative quantum heat bath consisting of non interacting harmonic oscillators. The quantities are calculated from the reduced partition function of the damped system which is calculated using the imaginary time functional integral method within the framework of the well known microscopic system-plus-bath model. Unlike the typical choice of an ohmic spectral density of the bath oscillators, we consider the quantum heat bath is having a spectral density corresponding to a thermal harmonic noise. Subsequently we analyse the specific heat and entropy at low and high temperatures. The specific heat and the entropy obtained satisfy the third law of thermodynamics. The heat capacity vanishes as the temperature approaches its absolute zero value, as predicted by the third law of thermodynamics, and satisfies the classical equipartition theorem at high temperatures.
Quantum Collapse and the Second Law of Thermodynamics
Sahand Hormoz
2012-08-11T23:59:59.000Z
A heat engine undergoes a cyclic operation while in equilibrium with the net result of conversion of heat into work. Quantum effects such as superposition of states can improve an engine's efficiency by breaking detailed balance, but this improvement comes at a cost due to excess entropy generated from collapse of superpositions on measurement. We quantify these competing facets for a quantum ratchet comprised of an ensemble of pairs of interacting two-level atoms. We suggest that the measurement postulate of quantum mechanics is intricately connected to the second law of thermodynamics. More precisely, if quantum collapse is not inherently random, then the second law of thermodynamics can be violated. Our results challenge the conventional approach of simply quantifying quantum correlations as a thermodynamic work deficit.
Certificate of Specialization in Clean Technology Law Requirements, Effective 20102011 Academic Year
Kammen, Daniel M.
) Energy Regulation & the Environment (3 3) · operty (4) Environmental Law & Policy ( Introduction): Finance & Energy Business IP, Entrepreneurship & Energy Science / Technology Environmental Law & Energy Policy · Energy & Environmental Markets (Haas, 3) · Energy & Infrastructure Project Finance (1
Bayesian Epistemology and Epistemic Conditionals: On the Status of the Export-Import Laws
Spirtes, Peter
Bayesian Epistemology and Epistemic Conditionals: On the Status of the Export-Import Laws Horacio, NOVEMBER 2001 BAYESIAN EPISTEMOLOGY AND EPISTEMIC CONDITIONALS: ON THE STATUS OF THE EXPORT-IMPORT LAWS
Reforming the EU: The Future of European Law and Policy IV CONFERENCE PROGRAMME
Birmingham, University of
Reforming the EU: The Future of European Law and Policy IV CONFERENCE session "Reforming the EU" Chair: Dr Luca Rubini, Deputy Director Institute Rubini Reforming European competition law: should the European Commission have
Bertsimas, Dimitris J.
We propose a new approach to analyze multiclass queueing systems in heavy traffic based on what we consider as fundamental laws in queueing systems, namely distributional and conservation laws. Methodologically, we extend ...
The Wayne Lawyer THE YEAR IN REVIEW: WAYNE LAW IN DETROIT AND BEYOND
Berdichevsky, Victor
The Wayne Lawyer THE YEAR IN REVIEW: WAYNE LAW IN DETROIT AND BEYOND SPRING 2010 VOLUME 26, NO. 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Year in Review 2009-2010 Law School Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Profiles
12/22/2011 Page 1 Harvard Law School Library Collection Development Policy
of materials may be in print, microform or digital format. The Library's goal 12/22/2011 Page 1 Harvard Law School Library Collection Development Policy The primary mission of the Harvard Law School Library
STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF PRIVATE WIRE LAWS ON DEVELOPMENT OF COMBINED...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
and to consider the impact of those laws on the development of combined heat and power ("CHP") facilities, as well as to determine whether a change in those laws would impact...
THE EFFECT OF PRIVATE WIRE LAWS ON DEVELOPMENT OF COMBINED HEAT...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
and to consider the impact of those laws on the development of combined heat and power ("CHP") facilities, as well as to determine whether a change in those laws would impact...
International Maritime Law Institute (IMLI) | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaP aCentrothermDepew,Independent EnergyInternational Maritime Law Institute (IMLI) Jump to: navigation,
Important Basic Equations for Order of Magnitude Estimation Conservation Laws
Nimmo, Francis
area 4r2 or d2 Sphere: volume 4 3r3 or 1 6d3 Forces Newton's Second Law F = ma Force due to gravity Fg = mg = Gm1m2 r2 Drag force Fd = 1 2cDAv2 Frictional force Ff = cf FN Buoyant force Fb = fluidV g valid for non-relativistic systems) · Energy · Linear momentum · Angular momentum Quantities Force mass
First Law of Mechanics for Compact Binaries on Eccentric Orbits
Tiec, Alexandre Le
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Using the canonical Arnowitt-Deser-Misner Hamiltonian formalism, a "first law of mechanics" is established for binary systems of point masses moving along generic stable bound (eccentric) orbits. This relationship is checked to hold within the post-Newtonian approximation to general relativity, up to third (3PN) order. Several applications are discussed, including the use of gravitational self-force results to inform post-Newtonian theory and the effective one-body model for eccentric-orbit compact binaries.
A straightening law for the Drinfel'd Lagrangian Grassmannian
Ruffo, James Vincent
2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Approved by: Chair of Committee, Frank Sottile Committee Members, John Keyser J. Maurice Rojas Henry Schenck Head of Department, Al Boggess August 2007 Major Subject: Mathematics iii ABSTRACT A Straightening Law for the Drinfel... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 VITA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 vi LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE Page 1 The partition (3,3,1) associated to ?4?223. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 2 The paths associated to ?4?213 and ?3?124 in P4...
Islamic Finance: Between Classical Law and Contemporary Practice
El-Gamal, Mahmoud
2006-04-08T23:59:59.000Z
. M.A. (Economics) February 1985, The American University in Cairo. B.A. (Econ./Comp. Sc.) February 1983, The American University in Cairo. Employment history: • Jan. 1998 – present: Chair of Islamic Economics, Finance, and Management, Pro- fessor... Theory, National Science Foundation, and Review of Economics and Statistics. 2 Publications: • Islamic Finance: Law, Economics and Practice, NY: Cambridge University Press, in press, 2006 (ISBN-10: 0521864143 | ISBN-13: 9780521864145). • “Short...
Entropic uncertainty relation for power-law wave packets
Sumiyoshi Abe; S. Martinez; F. Pennini; A. Plastino
2002-06-06T23:59:59.000Z
For the power-law quantum wave packet in configuration space, the variance of the position observable may be divergent. Accordingly, the information-entropic formulation of the uncertainty principle becomes more appropriate than the Heisenberg-type formulation, since it involves only the finite quantities. It is found that the total amount of entropic uncertainty converges to its lower bound in the limit of a large value of the exponent.
Survey of state water laws affecting coal slurry pipeline development
Rogozen, M.B.
1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report summarizes state water laws likely to affect the development of coal slurry pipelines. It was prepared as part of a project to analyze environmental issues related to energy transportation systems. Coal slurry pipelines have been proposed as a means to expand the existing transportation system to handle the increasing coal shipments that will be required in the future. The availability of water for use in coal slurry systems in the coal-producing states is an issue of major concern.
Thermo-charged capacitors and the Second Law of Thermodynamics
Germano D'Abramo
2012-12-06T23:59:59.000Z
In this Letter we describe a vacuum spherical capacitor that generates a macroscopic voltage between its spheres harnessing the heat from a single thermal reservoir at room temperature. The basic idea is trivial and it makes use of two concentric spherical electrodes with different work functions. We provide a mathematical analysis of the underlying physical process and discuss its connections with the Second Law of Thermodynamics.
Mpemba effect, Newton cooling law and heat transfer equation
Vladan Pankovic; Darko V. Kapor
2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z
In this work we suggest a simple theoretical solution of the Mpemba effect in full agreement with known experimental data. This solution follows simply as an especial approximation (linearization) of the usual heat (transfer) equation, precisely linearization of the second derivation of the space part of the temperature function (as it is well-known Newton cooling law can be considered as the effective approximation of the heat (transfer) equation for constant space part of the temperature function).
The exemption laws of the State of Texas
Dozier, James Hall
1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
TABLE OF CO~S Chapter I I I I XX. a pg 0 XXI ~ XV? A SHORT H1STORY OF THE ZX1EIIIPTION LAWS OF TEXAS ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ First Exemption LBU a ~ ~ ~ ~ Constitutional Proteotion. Definition of Homesteads Constitution of 1SVB 0...'ther ExemPtions ~ ~ ~ ~ a e ~ a ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ a ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 4 ~ a ~ e e e ~ ~ e ~ ~ ~ e e Present Statute a ~ ~ ~ ~ e ~ Fam9. 1y Relationship. Furniture. ~ . ~ . ~ Cemetex'F Lots ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ Implements of Husbandrye Tools of Tx...
Law and Society in Saint Domingue, 1789-1805
Polk, Katelyn Brune
2013-09-29T23:59:59.000Z
LAW AND SOCIETY IN SAINT DOMINGUE: 1789-1805 An Undergraduate Research Scholars Thesis by BRANDON DAWSON AND KATELYN POLK Submitted to Honors and Undergraduate Research Texas A&M University In partial fulfillment of the requirements... and Society in Saint Domingue and France: 1789-1805 (May 2014) Brandon Dawson Katelyn Polk Department of History Texas A&M University Research Advisor: Dr. Rebecca Schloss Department of History We will examine the discrepancy between boundaries of race...
A second-law analysis of thermoelastic damping
Milligan, Kenneth Bryan
1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
1990 Major Subject: Aerospace Engineering A SECOND-LAW ANALYSIS OF TFIERMOELASTIC DAMPING A Thesis by KENNETH BRYAN MILLIGAN, JR. Approved as to style and content by: Vikram K. Kinra (Chair of Committee) Thomas C. Pollock (Member) Kalyan... to all other sources of material damping present in the material. Moreover, for multiphase materials such as alloys, fiber-reinforced composites, and particulate composites, the thermoelastic damping can be tailored in a manner analogous to that used...
Taught degrees LLM in Criminal Law and Criminal Justice
Sussex, University of
in the top 10 in the UK in The Sunday Times University Guide 2012, in the top 20 in the UK in The Times Good University Guide 2013, and in the top 30 in the UK in The Guardian University Guide 2014 and The Complete University Guide 2014. · Law at Sussex was rated 16th in the UK for research in the 2008 Research Assessment
Gravitational Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics
J. W. Moffat
2014-07-03T23:59:59.000Z
The spontaneous violation of Lorentz and diffeomorphism invariance in a phase near the big bang lowers the entropy, allowing for an arrow of time and the second law of thermodynamics. The spontaneous symmetry breaking leads to $O(3,1)\\rightarrow O(3)\\times R$, where $O(3)$ is the rotational symmetry of the Friedmann-Lema\\^{i}tre-Robertson-Walker spacetime. The Weyl curvature tensor $C_{\\mu\
Robust regression on noisy data for fusion scaling laws
Verdoolaege, Geert, E-mail: geert.verdoolaege@ugent.be [Department of Applied Physics, Ghent University, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium); Laboratoire de Physique des Plasmas de l'ERM - Laboratorium voor Plasmafysica van de KMS (LPP-ERM/KMS), Ecole Royale Militaire - Koninklijke Militaire School, B-1000 Brussels (Belgium)
2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce the method of geodesic least squares (GLS) regression for estimating fusion scaling laws. Based on straightforward principles, the method is easily implemented, yet it clearly outperforms established regression techniques, particularly in cases of significant uncertainty on both the response and predictor variables. We apply GLS for estimating the scaling of the L-H power threshold, resulting in estimates for ITER that are somewhat higher than predicted earlier.
Quasi-power laws in multiparticle production processes
Grzegorz Wilk; Zbigniew W?odarczyk
2015-03-30T23:59:59.000Z
We review the ubiquitous presence in multiparticle production processes of quasi-power law distributions (i.e., distributions following pure power laws for large values of the argument but remaining finite, usually exponential, for small values). Special emphasis is placed on the conjecture that this reflects the presence in the produced hadronic systems of some intrinsic fluctuations. If described by parameter q they form, together with the scale parameter $T$ ("temperature"), basis of Tsallis distribution, ${f(X)\\sim [1 - (1-q)X/T]^{1/(1-q)}}$, frequently used to describe the relevant distributions (the X being usually a transverse momentum). We discuss the origin of such quasi-power law behavior based on our experience with the description of multiparticle production processes. In particular, we discuss Tsallis distribution with complex nonextensivity parameter q and argue that it is needed to describe log-oscillations as apparently observed in recent data on large momentum distributions in very high energy p-p collisions.
Can CCM law properly represent all extinction curves?
Geminale, A; Geminale, Anna; Popowski, Piotr
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present the analysis of a large sample of lines of sight with extinction curves covering wavelength range from near-infrared (NIR) to ultraviolet (UV). We derive total to selective extinction ratios based on the Cardelli, Clayton and Mathis (1989, CCM) law, which is typically used to fit the extinction data both for diffuse and dense interstellar medium. We conclude that the CCM law is able to fit most of the extinction curves in our sample. We divide the remaining lines of sight with peculiar extinction into two groups according to two main behaviors: a) the optical/IR or/and UV wavelength region cannot be reproduced by the CCM formula; b) the optical/NIR and UV extinction data are best fit by the CCM law with different values of R_V. We present examples of such curves. The study of both types of peculiar cases can help us to learn about the physical processes that affect dust in the interstellar medium, e.g., formation of mantles on the surface of grains, evaporation, growing or shattering.
Can CCM law properly represent all extinction curves?
Anna Geminale; Piotr Popowski
2005-02-23T23:59:59.000Z
We present the analysis of a large sample of lines of sight with extinction curves covering wavelength range from near-infrared (NIR) to ultraviolet (UV). We derive total to selective extinction ratios based on the Cardelli, Clayton and Mathis (1989, CCM) law, which is typically used to fit the extinction data both for diffuse and dense interstellar medium. We conclude that the CCM law is able to fit most of the extinction curves in our sample. We divide the remaining lines of sight with peculiar extinction into two groups according to two main behaviors: a) the optical/IR or/and UV wavelength region cannot be reproduced by the CCM formula; b) the optical/NIR and UV extinction data are best fit by the CCM law with different values of R_V. We present examples of such curves. The study of both types of peculiar cases can help us to learn about the physical processes that affect dust in the interstellar medium, e.g., formation of mantles on the surface of grains, evaporation, growing or shattering.
LBNL -41447 A comparison of the power law to quadratic formulations
of Alberta Edmonton, AB, Canada 1 Synopsis Although the power law has been broadly accepted in measurement that the power law is true over the range of pressures that a building envelope experiences has not been well considerations, and field and laboratory measurements indicate that the power law is valid for low pressure
RIS0-M-2432 SIMPLIFIED LAWS OF SIMIALRITY FOR WIND TURBINE ROTORS
RIS0-M-2432 SIMPLIFIED LAWS OF SIMIALRITY FOR WIND TURBINE ROTORS Helge Petersen The Test Station for Small Windmills Abstract, Laws of similarity or scaling laws for the character- istics of a wind turbine rotor are of importance to the designer even during the initial design phase of a new wind turbine con
Fourier Law in the Alternate-Mass Hard-Core Potential Chain Baowen Li,1
Li, Baowen
Fourier Law in the Alternate-Mass Hard-Core Potential Chain Baowen Li,1 Giulio Casati,2,3,1 Jiao size. We provide convincing numerical evidence for the validity of Fourier law of heat conduction in order to obey the Fourier law of heat conduction are still not known. For noninteracting particles
Compliance with Page 1 of 3 July 14, 2014 Export Laws & Regulations
Winfree, Erik
Compliance with Page 1 of 3 July 14, 2014 Export Laws & Regulations INSTITUTE POLICY Compliance with Export Laws and Regulations The mission of the California Institute of Technology is to expand human atmosphere, while educating outstanding students to become creative members of society. Export control laws
A Fresh Look at Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics
A Fresh Look at Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics Elliott H. Lieb 1 , and Jakob Yngvason to either statistical mechanics or heat engines. In days long gone, the second law of thermodynamics (which numbers of atoms. Willard Gibbs wrote: ``The laws of thermodynamics may easily be obtained from
AN ENTROPY CONDITION AND GLOBAL EXISTENCE RESULT FOR HYPERBOLIC BALANCE LAWS
AN ENTROPY CONDITION AND GLOBAL EXISTENCE RESULT FOR HYPERBOLIC BALANCE LAWS WEN-AN YONG Abstract of balance laws in several space variables. We propose an entropy condition and prove the existence of global condition and Kawashima's condition are satis#12;ed. In addition, we show that a system of balance laws
LOCALIZATION EFFECTS AND MEASURE SOURCE TERMS IN NUMERICAL SCHEMES FOR BALANCE LAWS
LOCALIZATION EFFECTS AND MEASURE SOURCE TERMS IN NUMERICAL SCHEMES FOR BALANCE LAWS LAURENT GOSSE corresponds to the general case of a scalar balance law (26). These two problems share the common feature) is the key point and the general balance law, where a long- time decay to some steady regime should occur
Thesaurus-based Retrieval of Case Law Michel C.A. KLEIN a
van Harmelen, Frank
Thesaurus-based Retrieval of Case Law Michel C.A. KLEIN a , Wouter VAN STEENBERGEN b , Elisabeth M within the domain of tort law from a repository of 68.000 court verdicts. We apply a thesaurus interpretation. Keywords. retrieval, case law, ontology, thesaurus 1. Introduction The judiciary is faced
PROGRESS ON A NEW EXPERIMENTAL TEST OF THE GRAVITATIONAL INVERSE-SQUARE LAW
Newman, Riley D.
1 PROGRESS ON A NEW EXPERIMENTAL TEST OF THE GRAVITATIONAL INVERSE-SQUARE LAW R.M. BONICALZI, P from an oscillating torsion-pendulum experiment searching for gravitational inverse square law Relativity, i.e. Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation. The experiment reported here is designed
A modified law of gravitation taking account of the relative speeds of moving masses.
Boyer, Edmond
1 A modified law of gravitation taking account of the relative speeds of moving masses,version1-9Apr2010 #12;2 Abstract A modified law of gravitation is proposed which takes account law. Its application to several gravitation problems provides a good order of magnitude
POWER LAWS FOR MONKEYS TYPINGS RANDOMLY: THE CASE OF UNEQUAL PROBABILITIES
Conrad, Brian
POWER LAWS FOR MONKEYS TYPINGS RANDOMLY: THE CASE OF UNEQUAL PROBABILITIES BRIAN CONRAD AND MICHAEL MITZENMACHER Abstract. An early result in the history of power laws, due to Miller, concerned the following)/N. Miller proved that in this experiment, the rank-frequency distribution of words follows a power law
Power-law statistics and universal scaling in the absence of criticality Jonathan Touboul1, 2,
Destexhe, Alain
Power-law statistics and universal scaling in the absence of criticality Jonathan Touboul1, 2 through power-law statistics or universal scal- ing functions. We show here that such features naturally emerge from networks in self-sustained irregular regimes away from criticality. Power-law statistics
Effective friction law for smallscale fault heterogeneity in 3D dynamic rupture
Nicolas, Chamot-Rooke
Effective friction law for smallscale fault heterogeneity in 3D dynamic rupture S. Latour,1 M friction, we numerically construct effective friction laws that integrate the effects of smallscale, the static friction heterogeneities and the friction law. We first define a periodic smallscale heterogeneous
www.strath.ac.uk/humanities/courses/law/ courses/humanrights/
Mottram, Nigel
travelled to varying countries like Sri Lanka, South Africa, India and Kenya to undertake projects in areas and Penal Change MSc Mediation and Conflict Resolution (evening) LLM in Internet Law and Policy LLM including Indian environmental and energy laws, Tanzanian land law, and exploration of the low take
Studying Academic Lawyers' Information Seeking to Inform the Design of Digital Law Libraries
Blandford, Ann
Studying Academic Lawyers' Information Seeking to Inform the Design of Digital Law Libraries of digital law libraries. Participants found it difficult to use digital law libraries, arising from poor knowledge of the digital library system rather than from poor general electronic research skills. Hazy
(submitted, August 4, 2009) Network-state modulation of power-law frequency-scaling
Bal, Thierry
of activity distributed across large assemblies. They share in common a power-law frequency-scaling structure density of Vm activity displays a power-law structure at high frequencies, with a frac- tional scaling of correlation, often man- ifested through power-law scaling behaviour. In such systems, the power spectrum
Recent tax law changes create new opportunities for leasing wind energy property
Schutzer, George J.
2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z
Recent changes in tax law make leveraged lease transactions far more attractive on paper than they were before the changes. However, changes in the economy and the financial industry and other changes in law counterbalance the favorable tax law changes and make it uncertain whether lease transactions will be used to finance new wind facilities. (author)
Federal Energy Management Laws and Requirements | Department of Energy
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaP a g e October 20, 2014209ofRestrictions onCircular 2005-60 SUMMARY: ThisUse) |Case Studies FederalLaws
Local Law Enforcement Implementation of National Anti-terrorism Policy
Dehnke, Nathan
2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
terrorism investigations in the area in recent years. There were at least two such investigations in 2010. The first was reported in May, 2010, and was an Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) case resu lting in the arrest of a Kansas City man who... anti- terrorism effort. The next chapter will discuss in greater detail the terrorism threat to the United States, specific?lly hi?hli?htin? the fe?er?l ?o?ernment’s responses to this thre?t? ?s well ?s of the role of local law enforcement as part...
Laws restricting price-fixing and their enforcements
Johnston, Lon Don
1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
is 0o p+ceidh ae esacgeaCion eF eba yroblemi e8. price~d~ Ises aed Moses~ ease, aed pbe p@assecdyion e2 ymcposaie co coccscc c~ yxoblems. 4 shied snd gensrsl obgeeciie. , ii:cbe cieetion af syffkeient reefer. interest ca ! reset, . 4n che..." chs Federal grads Cazadsiiaa dec 'ling saute stscsd, "Aa ~rstsadiab szprsss ar tunic chat chs sgrssd ptisss uUx bs &$x~ is auaush ta eaastituta s. Cvsas @russian a8 the law " gll'27d U+8I S2~ S, l CC%, pal~ 47~ p, 2SS ~ Pl~d. ~ p. 62. g/A alasz...
Area Law for Gapless States from Local Entanglement Thermodynamics
Swingle, Brian
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We demonstrate an area law bound on the ground state entanglement entropy of a wide class of gapless quantum states of matter using a strategy called local entanglement thermodynamics. The bound depends only on thermodynamic data, actually a single exponent, the hyper-scaling violation exponent $\\theta$. All systems in $d$ spatial dimensions obeying our scaling assumptions and with $\\theta energy states. Finally, we make contact with the recently proposed $s$-source framework and argue that $\\theta$ and $s$ are related by $s=2^\\theta$.
Area Law for Gapless States from Local Entanglement Thermodynamics
Brian Swingle; John McGreevy
2015-05-26T23:59:59.000Z
We demonstrate an area law bound on the ground state entanglement entropy of a wide class of gapless quantum states of matter using a strategy called local entanglement thermodynamics. The bound depends only on thermodynamic data, actually a single exponent, the hyper-scaling violation exponent $\\theta$. All systems in $d$ spatial dimensions obeying our scaling assumptions and with $\\theta energy states. Finally, we make contact with the recently proposed $s$-source framework and argue that $\\theta$ and $s$ are related by $s=2^\\theta$.
A Summary and Appraisal of Texas Real Property Tax Laws.
Bradshaw, H. C.; Gabbard, L. P. (Letcher P.); Parks, W. Robert (William Robert)
1944-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
(1936), Art. 7246. A SUMMARY AND APPRAISAL 0%' TEXAS REAL PROP~~TY TAX LAWS 9 ditional duties of assessing and collecting taxes? although there is no similarity between keeping the peace and assessing and collecting taxes. To aid him in his duties.... In the absence of a separate tax agency, the comptroller acts for the State. The comptroller's function in connection with real property tax- ation is chiefly the standardization of procedure among the various taxing units. To carry out this duty he is given...
Second Law in Classical Non-Extensive Systems
D. H. E. Gross
2002-09-19T23:59:59.000Z
Equilibrium statistics of Hamiltonian systems is correctly described by the microcanonical ensemble, whereas canonical ones fail in the most interesting, mostly inhomogeneous, situations like phase separations or away from the thermodynamic ``limit'' (e.g. self-gravitating systems and small quantum systems). A new derivation of the Second Law is presented that respects these fundamental complications. Our ``geometric foundation of Thermo-Statistics'' opens the fundamental (axiomatic) application of Thermo-Statistics to non-diluted systems or to ``non-simple'' systems which are not similar to (homogeneous) fluids. Supprisingly, but also understandably, a so far open problem c.f. Uffink: cond-mat/0005327, page 50 and page 72.
Public Law 102-392 for Printing | Department of Energy
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318Cubic Feet)89312Forums OutreachPower Plant2-392 for Printing Public Law 102-392 for
Gravitational wave generation in power-law inflationary models
Paulo M. Sá; Alfredo B. Henriques
2008-06-06T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the generation of gravitational waves in power-law inflationary models. The energy spectrum of the gravitational waves is calculated using the method of continuous Bogoliubov coefficients. We show that, by looking at the interval of frequencies between 10^(-5) and 10^5 Hz and also at the GHz range, important information can be obtained, both about the inflationary period itself and about the thermalization regime between the end of inflation and the beginning of the radiation-dominated era. We thus deem the development of gravitational wave detectors, covering the MHz/GHz range of frequencies, to be an important task for the future.
A law intern's proving ground | Y-12 National Security Complex
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article) |govInstrumentsmfrirtA Journey InsideMicroBooNEAugust 2013 Tue, 08/27/2013 -11% - A :A hunch about the Hunley A hunchA law
Environmental Law and Policy Center | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaP a g eWorksVillagesource History(RedirectedEl Segundo,EnerNOCEnergyEnvenergyEnvironmentalFinanceLaw and
Temperature Power Law of Equilibrium Heavy Particle Density
Sh. Matsumoto; M. Yoshimura
1999-10-19T23:59:59.000Z
A standard calculation of the energy density of heavy stable particles that may pair-annihilate into light particles making up thermal medium is performed to second order of coupling, using the technique of thermal field theory. At very low temperatures a power law of temperature is derived for the energy density of the heavy particle. This is in sharp contrast to the exponentially suppressed contribution estimated from the ideal gas distribution function. The result supports a previous dynamical calculation based on the Hartree approximation, and implies that the relic abundance of dark matter particles is enhanced compared to that based on the Boltzmann equation.
Sekhon, Jasjeet S.
How the Second Amendment to China's Patent Law Affects Firms' Patenting Behavior Abstract In this study, we examine how the second amendment to China's patent law affects the patenting behavior passed a second amendment to its patent system in 2000 in accordance with the Trade-Related Aspects
Schladow, S. Geoffrey
Overview of Export Laws and Regulations The United States export laws and regulations operate security or protection of trade. The export control regulations are not new. Federal regulations restricting the export of goods and technology out of the country have been around since the 1940's. However
Quantum Refrigerator and the III-law of Thermodynamics
Amikam Levy; Robert Alicki; Ronnie Kosloff
2012-05-07T23:59:59.000Z
The rate of temperature decrease of a cooled quantum bath is studied as its temperature is reduced to the absolute zero. The III-law of thermodynamics is then quantified dynamically by evaluating the characteristic exponent {\\zeta} of the cooling process dT(t)/dt \\sim -T^{\\zeta} when approaching the absolute zero, T \\rightarrow 0. A continuous model of a quantum refrigerator is employed consisting of a working medium composed either by two coupled harmonic oscillators or two coupled 2-level systems. The refrigerator is a nonlinear device merging three currents from three heat baths: a cold bath to be cooled, a hot bath as an entropy sink, and a driving bath which is the source of cooling power. A heat driven refrigerator (absorption refrigerator) is compared to a power driven refrigerator. When optimized both cases lead to the same exponent {\\zeta}, showing a lack of dependence on the form of the working medium and the characteristics of the drivers. The characteristic exponent is therefore determined by the properties of the cold reservoir and its interaction with the system. Two generic heat baths models are considered, a bath composed of harmonic oscillators and a bath composed from ideal Bose/Fermi gas. The restrictions on the interaction Hamiltonian imposed by the III-law are discussed. In the appendix the theory of periodicaly driven open systems and its implication to thermodynamics is outlined.
Quantum Heat Engines, the Second Law and Maxwell's Daemon
Tien D. Kieu
2005-08-22T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce a class of quantum heat engines which consists of two-energy-eigenstate systems, the simplest of quantum mechanical systems, undergoing quantum adiabatic processes and energy exchanges with heat baths, respectively, at different stages of a cycle. Armed with this class of heat engines and some interpretation of heat transferred and work performed at the quantum level, we are able to clarify some important aspects of the second law of thermodynamics. In particular, it is not sufficient to have the heat source hotter than the sink, but there must be a minimum temperature difference between the hotter source and the cooler sink before any work can be extracted through the engines. The size of this minimum temperature difference is dictated by that of the energy gaps of the quantum engines involved. Our new quantum heat engines also offer a practical way, as an alternative to Szilard's engine, to physically realise Maxwell's daemon. Inspired and motivated by the Rabi oscillations, we further introduce some modifications to the quantum heat engines with single-mode cavities in order to, while respecting the second law, extract more work from the heat baths than is otherwise possible in thermal equilibria. Some of the results above are also generalisable to quantum heat engines of an infinite number of energy levels including 1-D simple harmonic oscillators and 1-D infinite square wells.
Scaling law analysis of paraffin thin films on different surfaces
Dotto, M. E. R.; Camargo, S. S. Jr. [Engenharia Metalurgica e de Materials, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Cx. Postal 68505, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, CEP 21945-970 (Brazil)
2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z
The dynamics of paraffin deposit formation on different surfaces was analyzed based on scaling laws. Carbon-based films were deposited onto silicon (Si) and stainless steel substrates from methane (CH{sub 4}) gas using radio frequency plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition. The different substrates were characterized with respect to their surface energy by contact angle measurements, surface roughness, and morphology. Paraffin thin films were obtained by the casting technique and were subsequently characterized by an atomic force microscope in noncontact mode. The results indicate that the morphology of paraffin deposits is strongly influenced by substrates used. Scaling laws analysis for coated substrates present two distinct dynamics: a local roughness exponent ({alpha}{sub local}) associated to short-range surface correlations and a global roughness exponent ({alpha}{sub global}) associated to long-range surface correlations. The local dynamics is described by the Wolf-Villain model, and a global dynamics is described by the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang model. A local correlation length (L{sub local}) defines the transition between the local and global dynamics with L{sub local} approximately 700 nm in accordance with the spacing of planes measured from atomic force micrographs. For uncoated substrates, the growth dynamics is related to Edwards-Wilkinson model.
The Mathematical Structure of the Second Law of Thermodynamics
Elliott H. Lieb; Jakob Yngvason
2003-02-07T23:59:59.000Z
The essence of the second law of classical thermodynamics is the `entropy principle' which asserts the existence of an additive and extensive entropy function, S, that is defined for all equilibrium states of thermodynamic systems and whose increase characterizes the possible state changes under adiabatic conditions. It is one of the few really fundamental physical laws (in the sense that no deviation, however tiny, is permitted) and its consequences are far reaching. This principle is independent of models, statistical mechanical or otherwise, and can be understood without recourse to Carnot cycles, ideal gases and other assumptions about such things as `heat', `temperature', `reversible processes', etc., as is usually done. Also the well known formula of statistical mechanics, S = -\\sum p log p, is not needed for the derivation of the entropy principle. This contribution is partly a summary of our joint work (Physics Reports, Vol. 310, 1--96 (1999)) where the existence and uniqueness of S is proved to be a consequence of certain basic properties of the relation of adiabatic accessibility among equilibrium states. We also present some open problems and suggest directions for further study.
Large Deformation Constitutive Laws for Isotropic Thermoelastic Materials
Plohr, Bradley J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Plohr, Jeeyeon N. [Los Alamos National Laboratory
2012-07-25T23:59:59.000Z
We examine the approximations made in using Hooke's law as a constitutive relation for an isotropic thermoelastic material subjected to large deformation by calculating the stress evolution equation from the free energy. For a general thermoelastic material, we employ the volume-preserving part of the deformation gradient to facilitate volumetric/shear strain decompositions of the free energy, its first derivatives (the Cauchy stress and entropy), and its second derivatives (the specific heat, Grueneisen tensor, and elasticity tensor). Specializing to isotropic materials, we calculate these constitutive quantities more explicitly. For deformations with limited shear strain, but possibly large changes in volume, we show that the differential equations for the stress components involve new terms in addition to the traditional Hooke's law terms. These new terms are of the same order in the shear strain as the objective derivative terms needed for frame indifference; unless the latter terms are negligible, the former cannot be neglected. We also demonstrate that accounting for the new terms requires that the deformation gradient be included as a field variable
Protostellar fragmentation in a power-law density distribution
A. Burkert; M. Bate; P. Bodenheimer
1997-06-10T23:59:59.000Z
Hydrodynamical calculations in three space dimensions of the collapse of an isothermal, rotating 1 M\\sol protostellar cloud are presented. The initial density stratification is a power law with density $\\rho \\propto r^{-p}$, with $p=1$. The case of the singular isothermal sphere ($p=2$) is not considered; however $p=1$ has been shown observationally to be a good representation of the density distribution in molecular cloud cores just before the beginning of collapse. The collapse is studied with two independent numerical methods, an SPH code with 200,000 particles, and a finite-difference code with nested grids which give high spatial resolution in the inner regions. Although previous numerical studies have indicated that such a power-law distribution would not result in fragmentation into a binary system, both codes show, in contrast, that multiple fragmentation does occur in the central regions of the protostar. Thus the process of binary formation by fragmentation is shown to be consistent with the fact that a large fraction of young stars are observed to be in binary or multiple systems.
Second Law Analysis of Constant Temperature Diesel Combustion
Druecke, Dr. Ben [University of Wisconsin; Foster, Prof. Dave [University of Wisconsin; Klein, Prof. Sandy [University of Wisconsin; Daw, C Stuart [ORNL; Chakravarthy, Veerathu K [ORNL; Graves, Ronald L [ORNL
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The results from a second law analysis of a constant temperature diesel combustion process are presented and show that this process is not significantly more reversible than conventional combustion. In addition to quantifying the total availability destruction in combustion, the magnitudes of the combustion irreversibilities attributable to each irreversible subprocess (mixing, oxidation and internal heat transfer) were determined. The primary contributor to combustion irreversibilities is the thermal interaction of reacting and non-reacting species during the oxidation and internal thermal energy transfer subprocesses. Increasing combustion temperature significantly decreases availability destruction by making the oxidation and internal thermal energy transfer processes more reversible. While increasing combustion temperature decreases combustion irreversibility, it also results in an increase in exhaust temperature. A tradeoff exists between large availability destruction at low combustion temperatures and large amounts of availability discarded in the exhaust at high combustion temperatures. The optimum amount of work was found to occur for a combustion temperature of approximately 1600 K.
C. E. Magalhaes Batista; W. Zimdahl
2010-03-18T23:59:59.000Z
The dynamics of TeVeS in a homogeneous and isotropic universe is shown to be equivalent to the dynamics of an interacting two-component system, consisting of a scalar field and a "fluid", related to the matter part, with explicitly given coupling term. Scaling solutions (solutions with a constant ratio of the energy densities of both components) in the "Einstein frame" are found which are exponentially expanding or contracting with no remaining freedom for Bekenstein's $F$ function. In the "physical frame" these solutions are of the power-law type. An equivalent General Relativity (GR) picture of the dynamics suggests that it is the scalar field which plays the role of dark matter, while the "matter" has to mimic (phantom-type) dark energy.
Giant Planet Migration in Viscous Power-Law Discs
R. G. Edgar
2007-04-03T23:59:59.000Z
Many extra-solar planets discovered over the past decade are gas giants in tight orbits around their host stars. Due to the difficulties of forming these `hot Jupiters' in situ, they are generally assumed to have migrated to their present orbits through interactions with their nascent discs. In this paper, we present a systematic study of giant planet migration in power law discs. We find that the planetary migration rate is proportional to the disc surface density. This is inconsistent with the assumption that the migration rate is simply the viscous drift speed of the disc. However, this result can be obtained by balancing the angular momentum of the planet with the viscous torque in the disc. We have verified that this result is not affected by adjusting the resolution of the grid, the smoothing length used, or the time at which the planet is released to migrate.
Scaling laws for slippage on superhydrophobic fractal surfaces
Cottin-Bizonne, C; Bocquet, L
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study the slippage on hierarchical fractal superhydrophobic surfaces, and find an unexpected rich behavior for hydrodynamic friction on these surfaces. We develop a scaling law approach for the effective slip length, which is validated by numerical resolution of the hydrodynamic equations. Our results demonstrate that slippage does strongly depend on the fractal dimension, and is found to be always smaller on fractal surfaces as compared to surfaces with regular patterns. This shows that in contrast to naive expectations, the value of effective contact angle is not sufficient to infer the amount of slippage on a fractal surface: depending on the underlying geometry of the roughness, strongly superhydrophobic surfaces may in some cases be fully inefficient in terms of drag reduction. Finally, our scaling analysis can be directly extended to the study of heat transfer at fractal surfaces, in order to estimate the Kapitsa surface resistance on patterned surfaces, as well as to the question of trapping of diff...
Single Molecule Junctions: Probing Contact Chemistry and Fundamental Circuit Laws
Hybertsen M. S.
2013-04-11T23:59:59.000Z
By exploiting selective link chemistry, formation of single molecule junctions with reproducible conductance has become established. Systematic studies reveal the structure-conductance relationships for diverse molecules. I will draw on experiments from my collaborators at Columbia University, atomic-scale calculations and theory to describe progress in two areas. First, I will describe a novel route to form single molecule junctions, based on SnMe3 terminated molecules, in which gold directly bonds to carbon in the molecule backbone resulting in near ideal contact resistance [1]. Second, comparison of the conductance of junctions formed with molecular species containing either one backbone or two backbones in parallel allows demonstration of the role of quantum interference in the conductance superposition law at the molecular scale [2].
Proof of a New Area Law in General Relativity
Bousso, Raphael
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A future holographic screen is a hypersurface of indefinite signature, foliated by marginally trapped surfaces with area $A(r)$. We prove that $A(r)$ grows strictly monotonically. Future holographic screens arise in gravitational collapse. Past holographic screens exist in our own universe; they obey an analogous area law. Both exist more broadly than event horizons or dynamical horizons. Working within classical General Relativity, we assume the null curvature condition and certain generiticity conditions. We establish several nontrivial intermediate results. If a surface $\\sigma$ divides a Cauchy surface into two disjoint regions, then a null hypersurface $N$ that contains $\\sigma$ splits the entire spacetime into two disjoint portions: the future-and-interior, $K^+$; and the past-and-exterior, $K^-$. If a family of surfaces $\\sigma(r)$ foliate a hypersurface, while flowing everywhere to the past or exterior, then the future-and-interior $K^+(r)$ grows monotonically under inclusion. If the surfaces $\\sigma(...
Gravitation law and source model in the anisotropic geometrodynamics
Sergey Siparov
2010-01-10T23:59:59.000Z
The GRT modification taking into account the dependence of metric on the velocities of the sources is built. It is shown that this dependence follows from the equivalence principle and from the inseparability of the field equations and geodesics equations. As it is known, the latter are the conditions of the field equations solvability, and their form coincides with Newtonian one only in the lowest approximation. The obtained modification provides the explanation for the flat character of the rotation curves of spiral galaxies, for Tully-Fisher law, for some specific features of globular clusters behavior and for the essential excess of the observable gravitational lens effect over the predicted one. Neither dark matter nor arbitrary change of dynamics equations appeared to be needed. Important cosmological consequences are obtained.
Gravitation, C, P and T symmetries and the Second Law
G. Chardin
2008-04-25T23:59:59.000Z
The intimate links between gravitation and the second law are summarized and two less known relations between gravity and thermodynamics are studied. Firstly, the information cost required to operate a Maxwell's demon on a curved spacetime is estimated using the Kolmogorov-Sinai entropy. More importantly, the charge and time (C and T) reversal properties of the Kerr-Newman solution in General relativity show that this solution, similarly to the Dirac equation, appears to represent both a particle and its antiparticle and suggests a definition of antimatter in general relativity. This definition leads to a parameter free explanation of the cosmological constant term observed in the supernovae data. The relation of this definition of antimatter with the coupled systems through opposite time arrows studied by Schulman is also emphasized.
A reservoir for inverse power law decoherence of a qubit
Filippo Giraldi; Francesco Petruccione
2011-01-24T23:59:59.000Z
The exact dynamics of a Jaynes-Cummings model for a qubit interacting with a continuous distribution of bosons, characterized by a special form of the spectral density, is evaluated analytically. The special reservoir is designed to induce anomalous decoherence, resulting in an inverse power law relaxation, of power 3/2, over an evaluated long time scale. If compared to the exponential-like relaxation obtained from the original Jaynes-Cummings model for Lorentzian-type spectral density functions, decoherence is strongly suppressed. The special reservoir exhibits an upper band edge frequency coinciding with the qubit transition frequency. Known theoretical models of photonic band gap media suitable for the realization of the designed reservoir are proposed.
A reservoir for inverse power law decoherence of a qubit
Giraldi, Filippo
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The exact dynamics of a Jaynes-Cummings model for a qubit interacting with a continuous distribution of bosons, characterized by a special form of the spectral density, is evaluated analytically. The special reservoir is designed to induce anomalous decoherence, resulting in an inverse power law relaxation, of power $3/2$, over an evaluated long time scale. If compared to the exponential-like relaxation obtained from the original Jaynes-Cummings model for Lorentzian-type spectral density functions, decoherence is strongly suppressed. The special reservoir exhibits an upper band edge frequency coinciding with the qubit transition frequency. Known theoretical models of photonic band gap media suitable for the realization of the designed reservoir are proposed.
Information theoretic security by the laws of classical physics
Mingesz, R; Gingl, Z; Granqvist, C G; Wen, H; Peper, F; Eubank, T; Schmera, G
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
It has been shown recently that the use of two pairs of resistors with enhanced Johnson-noise and a Kirchhoff-loop-i.e., a Kirchhoff-Law-Johnson-Noise (KLJN) protocol-for secure key distribution leads to information theoretic security levels superior to those of a quantum key distribution, including a natural immunity against a man-in-the-middle attack. This issue is becoming particularly timely because of the recent full cracks of practical quantum communicators, as shown in numerous peer-reviewed publications. This presentation first briefly surveys the KLJN system and then discusses related, essential questions such as: what are perfect and imperfect security characteristics of key distribution, and how can these two types of securities be unconditional (or information theoretical)? Finally the presentation contains a live demonstration.
Water Rules: In Texas, conservation increasingly the law of the land
Wythe, Kathy
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Story by Kathy Wythe Fall 2013 txH2O 9 Photo by Leslie Lee, Texas Water Resources Institute.water rules In Texas, conservation increasingly the law of the land ] Thanks to changes in Texas laws and city ordinances and rebates, state... and local policies are catching up with water conservation practices, saving homeowners? water and money. Today these laws, ordinances and rebates promote outdoor landscape conservation through activities such as encouraging xeriscaping, o#17;ering...
Transport coefficients in Lorentz plasmas with the power-law kappa-distribution
Jiulin, Du [Department of Physics, School of Science, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072 (China)] [Department of Physics, School of Science, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072 (China)
2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z
Transport coefficients in Lorentz plasma with the power-law ?-distribution are studied by means of using the transport equation and macroscopic laws of Lorentz plasma without magnetic field. Expressions of electric conductivity, thermoelectric coefficient, and thermal conductivity for the power-law ?-distribution are accurately derived. It is shown that these transport coefficients are significantly modified by the ?-parameter, and in the limit of the parameter ??? they are reduced to the standard forms for a Maxwellian distribution.
Reply to Comment on "Modified Coulomb Law in a Strongly Magnetized Vacuum"
A. E. Shabad; V. V. Usov
2007-10-30T23:59:59.000Z
This is a reply to the Comment by S.-Y. Wang concerning our paper "Modified Coulomb Law in a Strongly Magnetized Vacuum"
Exact, E=0, Solutions for General Power-Law Potentials. II. Quantum Wave Functions
Jamil Daboul; Michael Martin Nieto
1994-08-09T23:59:59.000Z
For zero energy, $E=0$, we derive exact, quantum solutions for {\\it all} power-law potentials, $V(r) = -\\gamma/r^{\
Power-Law Wave Functions and Generalized Parton Distributions for Pion
A. Mukherjee; I. V. Musatov; H. C. Pauli; A. V. Radyushkin
2003-02-03T23:59:59.000Z
We propose a model for generalized parton distributions of the pion based on the power-law ansatz for the effective light-cone wave function.
Coslovsky, Salo Vinocur
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This dissertation bridges the fields of international development, legal sociology, and organizational behavior to examine how Brazilian prosecutors enforce labor and environmental laws. Typically, the enforcement of ...
The Second Law in 4D Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet Gravity
Saugata Chatterjee; Maulik Parikh
2015-01-21T23:59:59.000Z
The topological contribution to black hole entropy of a Gauss-Bonnet term in four dimensions opens up the possibility of a violation of the second law of thermodynamics in black hole mergers. We show, however, that the second law is not violated in the regime where Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet holds as an effective theory and black holes can be treated thermodynamically. For mergers of AdS black holes, the second law appears to be violated even in Einstein gravity; we argue, however, that the second law holds when gravitational potential energy is taken into account.
Toward a Legal Enlightenment: Discussions in Contemporary China on the Rule of Law
Chen, Albert H.Y.
1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
the transition from feudalism to capitalism which theprogress from "slave society to feudalism to capitalism toto legal systems under feudalism, and socialist rule of law
Towards Coherent Regulation of Law Enforcement Surveillance in the Network Society
Camp, L. Jean
Towards Coherent Regulation of Law Enforcement Surveillance in the Network Society Serena Chan Laboratory for Information and Decision Systems Massachusetts Institute of Technology Cambridge, MA 02139
Dangerous Spaces of Citizenship: Gang Talk, Rights Talk, and Rule of Law in Brazil
Holston, James
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Violence in Democratic Brazil. Ethnography Caldeira, TeresaResignifications of Justice in Brazil. In Law and DisorderDemocracy and Violence in Brazil. Comparative Studies in
Gimpel, Rodney F.; Kruger, Albert A.
2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this calculation is to determine the LAW glass former recipe and additives with their respective amounts. The methodology and equations contained herein are to be used in the G2 and ACM models until better information is supplied by R&T efforts. This revision includes calculations that determines the mass and volume of the bulk chemicals/minerals needed per batch. Plus, it contains calculations (for the G2 model) to help prevent overflow in LAW Feed Preparation Vessel.
ON MIMO CHANNEL CAPACITY, SPATIAL SAMPLING AND THE LAWS OF ELECTROMAGNETISM
Loyka, Sergey
ON MIMO CHANNEL CAPACITY, SPATIAL SAMPLING AND THE LAWS OF ELECTROMAGNETISM Sergey Loyka School by the laws of electromagnetism on achievable MIMO channel capacity in its general form. Our approach is a two expansion of a generic electromagnetic wave combined with Nyquist sampling theorem in the spatial domain, we
LEXSEE 19 BERKELEY TECH L J 1 Copyright (c) 2004 Berkeley Technology Law Journal
Kammen, Daniel M.
Technology Law Journal 2004 19 Berkeley Tech. L.J. 1 LENGTH: 8383 words FOREWORD: The Rise of Internet the Internet -- of which the web is the best--known component -- should be governed and regulated. ... A common industries), the copyright law and policy field has attracted and inspired a wide range of new players
Short Communication Sedimentation of a rotating sphere in a power-law fluid
Lauga, Eric
. There have been numerous studies aiming to calculate the drag force on solid spheres moving at constant speedShort Communication Sedimentation of a rotating sphere in a power-law fluid Francisco A. Godínez Accepted 24 August 2014 Available online 3 September 2014 Keywords: Sedimenting sphere Power-law fluid
Gladden, Josh
Determination of power-law attenuation coefficient and dispersion spectra in multi-wall carbon for a set of multi-wall carbon nanotube MWCNT -nylon composites from pure nylon to 20% MWCNT by weightKronig relations, the attenuation and dispersion data were found to be consistent with a power-law attenuation
Experimental Study of Curvature-based Control Laws for Obstacle Avoidance
Zhang, Fumin
, krishna}@isr.umd.edu Abstract-- A novel curvature-based steering control law is introduced to produce- thermore, with appropriate dynamic model, the algorithm produces an explicit control law for the robot, a recent development in this category is to keep the robot moving at a constant speed with steering control
Our best juniors still struggle with Gauss's Law: Characterizing their difficulties
Colorado at Boulder, University of
. Pepper, Stephanie V. Chasteen, Steven J. Pollock and Katherine K. Perkins Science Education Initiative difficulties with Gauss's law observed in an upper-division Electricity and Mag- netism (E&M) course symmetry it is impossible (rather than "difficult") to calculate the electric field using Gauss's law. One
Steady-state laboratory ow laws alone fail to explain postseismic observations Andrew M. Freed a,
Freed, Andrew
dislocation creep geodesy nite element modeling We test whether laboratory derived steady-state ow laws- and stress-dependent ow laws for diffusion and dislocation creep of olivine. We primarily concentrate of a number of creep mechanisms and associated constitutive relationships that quantify how viscosity and ow
Global weak solutions to magnetic fluid flows with nonlinear Maxwell-Cattaneo heat transfer law
Boyer, Edmond
Global weak solutions to magnetic fluid flows with nonlinear Maxwell-Cattaneo heat transfer law F transfer in a magnetic fluid flow under the action of an applied magnetic field. Instead of the usual heat-Cattaneo law, heat transfer, magnetic field, magnetization AMS subject classifications: 76N10, 35Q35. 1
GMO, CONSUMPTION AND CONSUMER VULNERABILITY IN BRAZILIAN CONSUMER LAW: THE RIGHT TO BE
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
GMO, CONSUMPTION AND CONSUMER VULNERABILITY IN BRAZILIAN CONSUMER LAW: THE RIGHT TO BE DULY genetically modified organisms. Key words: Consumer. Vulnerability. Lacking of resources. GMO Résumé - Le : France (2010)" #12;GMO, consumption and consumer vulnerability in Brazilian Consumer Law: the right
Complying with Law for RE in the Automotive Domain Birgit Penzenstadler
, Germany Abstract The automotive industry is concerned with develop- ing large and complex embedded systems the automotive industry performs require- ments engineering in order to comply with government lawsComplying with Law for RE in the Automotive Domain Birgit Penzenstadler penzenst
8/15 Ampere 1/12 THE INTEGRAL FORM OF AMPERE'S LAW
Gustafsson, Torgny
8/15 Ampere 1/12 THE INTEGRAL FORM OF AMPERE'S LAW PURPOSE: To verify Ampere's Law for the magnetic for the vacuum, o 4 7 10 T.m.A -1 . The total magnetic field at P is found by integrating Eq. (1) along. (1) into Eq. (2) and integrating shows that the magnitude of the magnetic field at a perpendicular
When Does Reward Maximization Lead to Matching Law? Yutaka Sakai1
Fukai, Tomoki
amount of income obtained at the option. A typical example showing this law is the alternative choiceWhen Does Reward Maximization Lead to Matching Law? Yutaka Sakai1 , Tomoki Fukai2 * 1 Brain Science strategy, maximizing or matching, is more fundamental to animal's decision behavior has been a matter
Particle Physics Implications of a Recent Test of the Gravitational Inverse Square Law
E. G. Adelberger; B. R. Heckel; S. Hoedl; C. D. Hoyle; D. J. Kapner; A. Upadhye
2007-02-07T23:59:59.000Z
We use data from our recent search for violations of the gravitational inverse-square law to constrain dilaton, radion and chameleon exchange forces as well as arbitrary vector or scalar interactions. We test the interpretation of the PVLAS effect and a conjectured ``fat graviton'' scenario and constrain the $\\gamma_5$ couplings of pseuodscalar bosons and arbitrary power-law interactions.
A Power-Law Formulation of Laminar Flow in Short Pipes Max Sherman
A Power-Law Formulation of Laminar Flow in Short Pipes Max Sherman Indoor Environment Program ABSTRACT This report develops a theoretical description of the hydrodynamic relationship based on a power pipes can be described with a simple power law dependence on pressure, but that the exponent
Finite-element modeling of subglacial cavities and related friction law
Gagliardini, Olivier
Finite-element modeling of subglacial cavities and related friction law O. Gagliardini,1 D. Cohen,2, the friction law, can be easily extended from linear to nonlinear ice rheology and is bounded even for bedrocks with locally infinite slopes. Combining our results with earlier works by others, a phenomenological friction
Dense granular ows: two-particle argument accounts for friction-like constitutive law with threshold
Recanati, Catherine
robust scaling behav- iors in various ow geomerties for dry grains, whether frictional or not [2, 4Dense granular ows: two-particle argument accounts for friction-like constitutive law a constitutive law that exhibits a ow threshold expressed as a #12;nite e#11;ective friction at ow onset
A rate and state friction law for saline ice Ben Lishman,1
Feltham, Daniel
coefficient of friction. This law describes dry friction. Bowden and Hughes [1939] proposed that the lowA rate and state friction law for saline ice Ben Lishman,1 Peter Sammonds,1,2 and Danny Feltham2 ice friction models are necessary to predict the nature of interactions between sea ice floes
Renewable Energy Law, Regulation and the Environment, MAST 667016, Fall 2013 Now known as
Firestone, Jeremy
Renewable Energy Law, Regulation and the Environment, MAST 667016, Fall 2013 Now known as MAST680: Renewable Energy and Climate: Law, Regulation and Environment (1-3 credits) Professor Jeremy Firestone 204 is an introduction to the regulation of renewable energy electricity generation, transmission and integration
SCHOOL OF LAWSCHOOL OF LAWSCHOOL OF LAWSCHOOL OF LAWSCHOOL OF LAW 2003 -2004
Rock, Chris
about the practice of law in real terms from lawyers, judges, and professors in Mexico. While our people at Texas Tech, and I hope to get to know you personally when you enter the Texas Tech School for a purpose. Walter B. Huffman Dean and Professor of Law Fall Enrollment: 698, including entering class of 246
Elliott, Mark
2015-01-26T23:59:59.000Z
/plain; charset=UTF-8 Electronic copy available at : http : / / ssrn.com / abstract = 2476941 Further information about the University of Cambridge Faculty of Law Legal Studies Research Paper Series can be found at http... it follows that the extent to and conditions upon which EU law operates domestically are to be determined by reference to that Act. Absent any distinction between...
Electric field noise above surfaces: a model for heating rate scaling law in ion traps
Boyer, Edmond
Electric field noise above surfaces: a model for heating rate scaling law in ion traps R. Dubessy try to account for this heating rate by considering typical electric noise sources in conductors, 2008) Abstract We present a model for the scaling laws of the electric field noise spectral density
RESIDENT ALIEN VS NONRESIDENT ALIEN STATUS Immigration And Tax Law Definitions
Kunkle, Tom
RESIDENT ALIEN VS NONRESIDENT ALIEN STATUS Immigration And Tax Law Definitions This handout. IMMIGRATION LAW: A nonresident alien is a person who is not a citizen or permanent resident of the U.S. who. A resident alien, for IMMIGRATION purposes, is the same as an immigrant, or a "greed card" holder--a non
Power law decay in model predictability skill Peter C. Chu,1
Chu, Peter C.
Power law decay in model predictability skill Peter C. Chu,1 Leonid M. Ivanov,1,2 Lakshmi H. Kantha a Gulf of Mexico nowcast/forecast model. Power law scaling is found in the mean square error of displacement between drifting buoy and model trajectories (both at 50 m depth). The probability density
Auxiliary field simulation and Coulomb's Law A.C. Maggs a
Maggs, Anthony
Auxiliary field simulation and Coulomb's Law A.C. Maggs a , J. Rottler b a Laboratoire de Physico gives good results in molecular dynamics; Coulomb's law is implied by Maxwell's equations in the quasi in the presence of the long ranged Coulomb interaction. We compare the efficiencies of our molecular dynamics
The Power (Law) of Indian Markets: Analysing NSE and BSE Trading Statistics
Sinha, Sitabhra
The Power (Law) of Indian Markets: Analysing NSE and BSE Trading Statistics Sitabhra Sinha and Raj-tailed cumulative distribution, consistent with a power law having ex- ponent 3, similar to that observed in developed markets. However, the distributions of trading volume and the number of trades have a different na
astroph/9710116 Fitting random stable solar systems to TitiusBode laws
Toronto, University of
astroph/9710116 10 Oct 1997 Fitting random stable solar systems to TitiusBode laws Preprint: 10 ``solar systems'' are generated with planetary orbital radii r distributed uniformly random in log r of these systems to generalized Bode laws are performed, and compared to the fit of our own Solar System. We find
Information Security and Privacy Laws and Regulations, and UW Subject Matter Experts
Queitsch, Christine
Information Security and Privacy Laws and Regulations, and UW Subject Matter Experts Page 1 of 16 Document Name: Information Security and Privacy Laws Version #: vF Created By: Ann Nagel, Associate Chief Information Security Officer Date Created: June 2, 2009 Updated By: Melissa Albin-Wurzer, Education
Renormalization, averaging, conservation laws and AdS (in)stability
Ben Craps; Oleg Evnin; Joris Vanhoof
2015-01-19T23:59:59.000Z
We continue our analytic investigations of non-linear spherically symmetric perturbations around the anti-de Sitter background in gravity-scalar field systems, and focus on conservation laws restricting the (perturbatively) slow drift of energy between the different normal modes due to non-linearities. We discover two conservation laws in addition to the energy conservation previously discussed in relation to AdS instability. A similar set of three conservation laws was previously noted for a self-interacting scalar field in a non-dynamical AdS background, and we highlight the similarities of this system to the fully dynamical case of gravitational instability. The nature of these conservation laws is best understood through an appeal to averaging methods which allow one to derive an effective Lagrangian or Hamiltonian description of the slow energy transfer between the normal modes. The conservation laws in question then follow from explicit symmetries of this averaged effective theory.
Akarsu, Özgür [Department of Physics, Koç University, 34450 Sariyer, ?stanbul (Turkey); Kumar, Suresh [Department of Mathematics, BITS Pilani, Pilani Campus, Rajasthan-333031 (India); Myrzakulov, R.; Sami, M. [Centre of Theoretical Physics, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi-110025 (India); Xu, Lixin, E-mail: oakarsu@ku.edu.tr, E-mail: sukuyd@gmail.com, E-mail: rmyrzakulov@gmail.com, E-mail: samijamia@gmail.com, E-mail: lxxu@dlut.edu.cn [Institute of Theoretical Physics, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, 116024 (China)
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we consider a simple form of expansion history of Universe referred to as the hybrid expansion law - a product of power-law and exponential type of functions. The ansatz by construction mimics the power-law and de Sitter cosmologies as special cases but also provides an elegant description of the transition from deceleration to cosmic acceleration. We point out the Brans-Dicke realization of the cosmic history under consideration. We construct potentials for quintessence, phantom and tachyon fields, which can give rise to the hybrid expansion law in general relativity. We investigate observational constraints on the model with hybrid expansion law applied to late time acceleration as well as to early Universe a la nucleosynthesis.
The laws of thermodynamics and information for emergent cosmology
Hashemi, M; Farahani, S Vasheghani
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The aim here is to provide a set of equations for cosmology in terms of information and thermodynamical parameters. The method we implement in order to describe the universe is a development of Padmanabhan\\rq{}s approach which is based on the fact that emergence of the cosmic space is provided by the evolution of the cosmic time. In this line we obtain the Friedmann equation or its equivalent the conservation law in terms of information by the implementation of Laundauer\\rq{}s principle or in other words the information loss/production rate. Hence, a self consistent description of the universe is provided in terms of thermodynamical parameters. This is due to the fact that in this work the role of information which is the most important actor of all times, has stepped in to cosmology. We provide a picture of the emergent cosmology merely based on the information theory. In addition, we introduce a novel entropy on the horizon, which can also generalize Bekenstein-Hawking entropy for the asymptotic holographic...
Quantum Hooke's Law to classify pulse laser induced ultrafast melting
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Hu, Hao; Ding, Hepeng; Liu, Feng
2015-02-03T23:59:59.000Z
Ultrafast crystal-to-liquid phase transition induced by femtosecond pulse laser excitation is an interesting material's behavior manifesting the complexity of light-matter interaction. There exist two types of such phase transitions: one occurs at a time scale shorter than a picosecond via a nonthermal process mediated by electron-hole plasma formation; the other at a longer time scale via a thermal melting process mediated by electron-phonon interaction. However, it remains unclear what material would undergo which process and why? Here, by exploiting the property of quantum electronic stress (QES) governed by quantum Hooke's law, we classify the transitions by two distinct classes ofmore »materials: the faster nonthermal process can only occur in materials like ice having an anomalous phase diagram characterized with dTm/dP m is the melting temperature and P is pressure, above a high threshold laser fluence; while the slower thermal process may occur in all materials. Especially, the nonthermal transition is shown to be induced by the QES, acting like a negative internal pressure, which drives the crystal into a “super pressing” state to spontaneously transform into a higher-density liquid phase. Our findings significantly advance fundamental understanding of ultrafast crystal-to-liquid phase transitions, enabling quantitative a priori predictions.« less
Illinois SB 1987: the Clean Coal Portfolio Standard Law
NONE
2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z
On January 12, 2009, Governor Rod Blagojevich signed SB 1987, the Clean Coal Portfolio Standard Law. The legislation establishes emission standards for new coal-fueled power plants power plants that use coal as their primary feedstock. From 2009-2015, new coal-fueled power plants must capture and store 50 percent of the carbon emissions that the facility would otherwise emit; from 2016-2017, 70 percent must be captured and stored; and after 2017, 90 percent must be captured and stored. SB 1987 also establishes a goal of having 25 percent of electricity used in the state to come from cost-effective coal-fueled power plants that capture and store carbon emissions by 2025. Illinois is the first state to establish a goal for producing electricity from coal-fueled power plants with carbon capture and storage (CCS). To support the commercial development of CCS technology, the legislation guarantees purchase agreements for the first Illinois coal facility with CCS technology, the Taylorville Energy Center (TEC); Illinois utilities are required to purchase at least 5 percent of their electricity supply from the TEC, provided that customer rates experience only modest increases. The TEC is expected to be completed in 2014 with the ability to capture and store at least 50 percent of its carbon emissions.
Mutual information area laws for thermal free fermions
H. Bernigau; M. J. Kastoryano; J. Eisert
2015-02-10T23:59:59.000Z
We provide a rigorous and asymptotically exact expression of the mutual information of translationally invariant free fermionic lattice systems in a Gibbs state. In order to arrive at this result, we introduce a novel frameworkfor computing determinants of Toeplitz operators with smooth symbols, and for treating Toeplitz matrices with system size dependent entries. The asymptotically exact mutual information for a partition of the one-dimensional lattice satisfies an area law, with a prefactor which we compute explicitly. As examples, we discuss the fermionic XX model in one dimension and free fermionic models on the torus in higher dimensions in detail. Special emphasis is put onto the discussion of the temperature dependence of the mutual information, scaling like the logarithm of the inverse temperature, hence confirming an expression suggested by conformal field theory. We also comment on the applicability of the formalism to treat open systems driven by quantum noise. In the appendix, we derive useful bounds to the mutual information in terms of purities. Finally, we provide a detailed error analysis for finite system sizes. This analysis is valuable in its own right for the abstract theory of Toeplitz determinants.
Scaling laws for slippage on superhydrophobic fractal surfaces
C. Cottin-Bizonne; C. Barentin; L. Bocquet
2012-01-24T23:59:59.000Z
We study the slippage on hierarchical fractal superhydrophobic surfaces, and find an unexpected rich behavior for hydrodynamic friction on these surfaces. We develop a scaling law approach for the effective slip length, which is validated by numerical resolution of the hydrodynamic equations. Our results demonstrate that slippage does strongly depend on the fractal dimension, and is found to be always smaller on fractal surfaces as compared to surfaces with regular patterns. This shows that in contrast to naive expectations, the value of effective contact angle is not sufficient to infer the amount of slippage on a fractal surface: depending on the underlying geometry of the roughness, strongly superhydrophobic surfaces may in some cases be fully inefficient in terms of drag reduction. Finally, our scaling analysis can be directly extended to the study of heat transfer at fractal surfaces, in order to estimate the Kapitsa surface resistance on patterned surfaces, as well as to the question of trapping of diffusing particles by patchy hierarchical surfaces, in the context of chemoreception.
Notes on several phenomenological laws of quantum gravity
Bruneton, Jean-Philippe
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Phenomenological approaches to quantum gravity try to infer model-independent laws by analyzing thought experiments and combining both quantum, relativistic, and gravitational ingredients. We first review these ingredients -three basic inequalities- and discuss their relationships with the nature of fundamental constants. In particular, we argue for a covariant mass bound conjecture: in a spacetime free of horizon, the mass inside a surface $A$ cannot exceed $16 \\pi G^2 m^2m_p$ (5) There exists a mass dependent maximal force and power (6) There exists a maximal energy density and pressure (7) Physical systems must obey the Holographic Principle (8) Holographic bounds can only be saturated by systems with $m>m_p$; systems lying on the ``Compton line'' $l \\sim 1/m$ are fundamental objects without substructures (9) We speculate on a new bound from above for the action. In passing, we note that the maximal acceleration is of the order of Milgrom's acceleration $a_0$ for ultra-light particles ($m\\sim H_0)$ that co...
Decay Law of Relativistic Particles: Quantum Theory Meets Special Relativity
K. Urbanowski
2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z
Late time properties of moving relativistic particles are studied. Within the proper relativistic treatment of the problem we find decay curves of such particles and we show that late time deviations of the survival probability of these particles from the exponential form of the decay law, that is the transition times region between exponential and non-expo\\-nen\\-tial form of the survival amplitude, occur much earlier than it follows from the classical standard approach boiled down to replace time $t$ by $t/\\gamma_{L}$ (where $\\gamma_{L}$ is the relativistic Lorentz factor) in the formula for the survival probability. The consequence is that fluctuations of the corresponding decay curves can appear much earlier and much more unstable particles have a chance to survive up to these times or later. It is also shown that fluctuations of the instantaneous energy of the moving unstable particles has a similar form as the fluctuations in the particle rest frame but they are seen by the observer in his rest system much earlier than one could expect replacing $t$ by $t/\\gamma_{L}$ in the corresponding expressions for this energy and that the amplitude of these fluctuations can be even larger than it follows from the standard approach. All these effects seems to be important when interpreting some accelerator experiments with high energy unstable particles and the like (possible connections of these effects with GSI anomaly are analyzed) and some results of astrophysical observations.
Extended law of corresponding states for protein solutions
Florian Platten; Néstor E. Valadez-Pérez; Ramón Castañeda-Priego; Stefan U. Egelhaaf
2015-03-03T23:59:59.000Z
The so-called extended law of corresponding states, as proposed by Noro and Frenkel [J. Chem. Phys. 113, 2941 (2000)], involves a mapping of the phase behaviors of systems with short-range attractive interactions. While it has already extensively been applied to various model potentials, here we test its applicability to protein solutions with their complex interactions. We successfully map their experimentally determined metastable gas--liquid binodals, as available in the literature, to the binodals of short-range square-well fluids, as determined by previous as well as new Monte Carlo simulations. This is achieved by representing the binodals as a function of the temperature scaled with the critical temperature (or as a function of the reduced second virial coefficient) and the concentration scaled by the cube of an effective particle diameter, where the scalings take into account the attractive and repulsive contributions to the interaction potential, respectively. The scaled binodals of the protein solutions coincide with simulation data of the adhesive hard-sphere fluid. Furthermore, once the repulsive contributions are taken into account by the effective particle diameter, the temperature dependence of the reduced second virial coefficients follows a master curve that corresponds to a linear temperature dependence of the depth of the square-well potential. We moreover demonstrate that, based on this approach and cloud-point measurements only, second virial coefficients can be estimated, which we show to agree with values determined by light scattering or by DLVO-based calculations.
Parallel partitioning strategies for the adaptive solution of conservation laws
Devine, K.D.; Flaherty, J.E.; Loy, R.M. [Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY (United States)] [and others
1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
We describe and examine the performance of adaptive methods for Solving hyperbolic systems of conservation laws on massively parallel computers. The differential system is approximated by a discontinuous Galerkin finite element method with a hierarchical Legendre piecewise polynomial basis for the spatial discretization. Fluxes at element boundaries are computed by solving an approximate Riemann problem; a projection limiter is applied to keep the average solution monotone; time discretization is performed by Runge-Kutta integration; and a p-refinement-based error estimate is used as an enrichment indicator. Adaptive order (p-) and mesh (h-) refinement algorithms are presented and demonstrated. Using an element-based dynamic load balancing algorithm called tiling and adaptive p-refinement, parallel efficiencies of over 60% are achieved on a 1024-processor nCUBE/2 hypercube. We also demonstrate a fast, tree-based parallel partitioning strategy for three-dimensional octree-structured meshes. This method produces partition quality comparable to recursive spectral bisection at a greatly reduced cost.
Radioactivity in the ocean: laws and biological effects
Hunsaker, C.T.
1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper summarizes the literature on US laws and international agreements, experimental and monitoring data, and ongoing studies to provide background information for environmental assessment and regulatory compliance activities for ocean dumping of low-level radioactive waste. The Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act is the major US legislation governing ocean disposal of radioactive waste. The major international agreement on ocean dumping is the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and other Matter. The United States ended its ocean dumping of radioactive wastes in 1970, but other countries have continued ocean dumping under international supervision in the northeast Atlantic. Monitoring of former US disposal sites has neither revealed significant effects on marine biota nor indicated a hazard to human health. Also, no effects on marine organisms have been found that could be attributed to routine discharges into the Irish Sea from the Windscale reprocessing plant. We must improve our ability to predict the oceanic carrying capacity and the fate and effects of ionizing radiation in the marine environment.
Notes on several phenomenological laws of quantum gravity
Jean-Philippe Bruneton
2013-08-19T23:59:59.000Z
Phenomenological approaches to quantum gravity try to infer model-independent laws by analyzing thought experiments and combining both quantum, relativistic, and gravitational ingredients. We first review these ingredients -three basic inequalities- and discuss their relationships with the nature of fundamental constants. In particular, we argue for a covariant mass bound conjecture: in a spacetime free of horizon, the mass inside a surface $A$ cannot exceed $16 \\pi G^2 m^2inequalities and find/review the following: (1) Any system must have a size greater than the Planck length, in the sense that there exists a minimal area (2) We comment on the Minimal Length Scenarios and the fate of Lorentz symmetry near the Planck scale (3) Quanta with transplanckian frequencies are allowed in a large enough boxes (4) There exists a mass-dependent maximal acceleration given by $m c^3/\\hbar$ if $mm_p$ (5) There exists a mass dependent maximal force and power (6) There exists a maximal energy density and pressure (7) Physical systems must obey the Holographic Principle (8) Holographic bounds can only be saturated by systems with $m>m_p$; systems lying on the ``Compton line'' $l \\sim 1/m$ are fundamental objects without substructures (9) We speculate on a new bound from above for the action. In passing, we note that the maximal acceleration is of the order of Milgrom's acceleration $a_0$ for ultra-light particles ($m\\sim H_0)$ that could be associated to the Dark Energy fluid. This suggests designing toy-models in which modified gravity in galaxies is driven by the DE field, via the maximal acceleration principle.
L. I. Petrova
2008-12-02T23:59:59.000Z
Historically it happen so that in branches of physics connected with field theory and of physics of material systems (continuous media) the concept of "conservation laws" has a different meaning. In field theory "conservation laws" are those that claim the existence of conservative physical quantities or objects. These are conservation laws for physical fields. In contrast to that in physics (and mechanics) of material systems the concept of "conservation laws" relates to conservation laws for energy, linear momentum, angular momentum, and mass that establish the balance between the change of physical quantities and external action. In the paper presented it is proved that there exist a connection between of conservation laws for physical fields and those for material systems. This points to the fact that physical fields are connected with material systems. Such results has an unique significance for field theories. This enables one to substantiate many basic principles of field theories, such as, for example, the unity of existing field theories and the causality. The specific feature of field theory equations, namely, their connection to the equations for material systems, is elicited. Such results have been obtained by using skew-symmetric differential forms, which reflect the properties of conservation laws.
Maclean, James B
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis examines law from a mainly Whiteheadian, or ‘process’, perspective. Beginning with the judgement of Lord Justice Ward in the conjoined twins’ case, Re A, I identify a way of looking at law that centres on the ...
Florida, University of
Dear Professor Mark E. Law: I am interested in receiving source code for FLOOPS/FLOODS version 2002. 6. I agree to acknowledge FLOOPS/FLOODS and Professor Mark E. Law of the University of Florida
Florida, University of
Dear Professor Mark E. Law: I am interested in receiving source code for FLOOPS/FLOODS version 2008. 6. I agree to acknowledge FLOOPS/FLOODS and Professor Mark E. Law of the University of Florida
80 BOSTONIA Summer 2014 As a student in the School of Law in the 1980s, Michael A. Gollin
) and Matthew Horowitz (LAW'14). Among the agencies where PIP grantees have worked are Greater Boston Legal
McMullin, Joseph
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
the laws gov- erning water pollution in China, and Sectionlocal gov- ernment against the primary standard of China's
He, X; Wang, L; Su, Y
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
bs_bs_banner Above the Roof, Beneath the Law: Perceivedmigrant workers perch on roof tops or towering construction
Thaw, David Bernard
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
assets. Current information security law in the Unitedimplications for information security professionalism inbeing abundant in the information security community: Yes,
Absence of Power-Law Mid-Infrared Conductivity in Gravitational Crystals
Brandon W. Langley; Garrett Vanacore; Philip W. Phillips
2015-08-14T23:59:59.000Z
We compute conductivities of strongly-interacting and non-uniform charge densities dual to inhomogeneous anti-de Sitter--black hole spacetimes. Backreacting bulk scalars with periodic boundary profiles, we construct generalizations of Reissner-Nordstr\\"om-AdS that interpolate between those used in two previous studies --- one that reports power-law scaling for the boundary optical conductivity and one that does not. We find no evidence for power-law scaling of the conductivity, thereby corroborating the previous negative result that gravitational crystals are insufficient to generate the power-law mid-infrared conductivity observed in cuprate superconductors.
Further Study on the Conservation Laws of Energy-momentum Tensor Density for a Gravitational System
Chen Fang-Pei
2008-05-21T23:59:59.000Z
The various methods to derive Einstein conservation laws and the relevant definitions of energy-momentum tensor density for gravitational fields are studied in greater detail. It is shown that these methods are all equivalent. The study on the identical and different characteristics between Lorentz and Levi-Civita conservation laws and Einstein conservation laws is thoroughly explored. Whether gravitational waves carry the energy-momentum is discussed and some new interpretations for the energy exchanges in the gravitational systems are given. The viewpoint that PSR1913 does not verify the gravitational radiation is confirmed.
Star Formation in Isolated Disk Galaxies. II. Schmidt Laws and Efficiency of Gravitational Collapse
Yuexing Li; Mordecai-Mark Mac Low; Ralf S. Klessen
2006-02-21T23:59:59.000Z
(Abridged). We model gravitational instability in a wide range of isolated disk galaxies, using GADGET, a three-dimensional, smoothed particle hydrodynamics code. The model galaxies include a dark matter halo and a disk of stars and isothermal gas. The global Schmidt law observed in disk galaxies is quantitatively reproduced by our models. We find that the surface density of star formation rate directly correlates with the strength of local gravitational instability. The local Schmidt laws of individual galaxies in our models show clear evidence of star formation thresholds. Our results suggest that the non-linear development of gravitational instability determines the local and global Schmidt laws, and the star formation thresholds.
VANDEIlBILT UNIVEIlSITY POLICY ON COMPLIANCE WITH EXPORT CONTIlOL LAW AND REGULATION
Palmeri, Thomas
VANDEIlBILT UNIVEIlSITY POLICY ON COMPLIANCE WITH EXPORT CONTIlOL LAW AND REGULATION It is the policy of Vanderbilt University to comply with all applicable United States export-control laws and regulations. Export control laws and regulations prohibit the transfer of certain items and information
Power-Law and Long-Memory Characteristics of the Atmospheric General Circulation DMITRY I. VYUSHIN memory'' or ``power-law'' model. Such a model fits a temporal spectrum to a single power-law function, which thereby accumulates more power at lower frequencies than an AR1 fit. In this study, several power
Diversity of employment contracts and use of the law Christian Bessy
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
1 Diversity of employment contracts and use of the law Christian Bessy bessy@cee.enpc.fr Centre d contract' with their employer, in which the terms of their mutual commitments are explicitly stated (Bessy
Urban land subdivision : a case for more practical by-laws, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Chen, Hsueh-Jane
1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis, dealing with the land subdivision in urban areas, evaluates inefficiency of the case studies resulting from inadequate and improper existing by-laws in Kaohsiung and provides guidelines for urban development. ...
Vermont – Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Law and Documentation of Discrimination
Sears, Brad
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
1204(b); Civil Unions in Vermont are defined in V.S.A. tit.V.S.A. §§ 9700- 18 V.S.A. § 5075. VERMONT Williams InstituteReport G. Parenting Vermont law permits any person,
Re-inventing Hoodia: Patent Law, Epistemic Citizenship, and the Making of Difference in South Africa
Foster, Laura
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and Conflict: Cancer, Patents, and Women's Health, 15 A M .1999. Burrell's South African Patent and Design Law. 3rd ed.Arthur Purcell. 1997. "Aids Patents Project." World Patent
Interface structure and flux laws in a natural double-diffusive Tobias Sommer,1,2
Wehrli, Bernhard
Interface structure and flux laws in a natural double-diffusive layering Tobias Sommer,1,2 Jeffrey fluxes can be overestimated by a factor of four. Citation: Sommer, T., J. R. Carpenter, M. Schmid, R. G
Fitts' Law and human control of an electromyographic signal from the biceps brachii muscle group
Harrison, Kimberly L., S.B. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Six human subjects performed a modified Fitts' test by moving an electromyographic signal between two targets on a computer screen. For five out of six subjects, the results were consistent with Fitts' Law with correlation ...
Predicted and verified evolution of power-law exponent in product market
Hisano, Ryohei; Mizuno, Takayuki
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Power-law distributions constitute a generic empirical statistical regularity found in many complex systems. A recently developed theory finds that the interplay between one of the most universal ingredient, i.e., stochastic proportional growth, and stochastic birth and death processes, leads to generic power law distributions together with a non-universal exponent which depends explicitly on the characteristics of growth, birth and death. In particular, the theory rationalizes Zipf's law and explains deviations from it, for instance for the distribution of firm and of city sizes. Here, we report the first complete test of the theory, based on the empirical analysis from a real world complex phenomenon, namely the dynamics of market shares in the consumer electronics market. We estimate directly from the data the average growth rate of market shares, their standard deviation, the birth rates as well as the "death" hazard rate of products. When plugged in the theory, this predicts the power law exponent of the...
Rule of law and party systems : a study of regional political parties in India
Ziegfeld, Adam W. (Adam Weston)
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Where do party systems come from? The first part of this dissertation argues that party system formation depends on the rule of law, which is defined as the extent to which the state uniformly implements and enforces its ...
Berry, R. Stephen
environment, the maximum extractable work is generally known now as the availability A (other names are exergy. Gaggioli, Ed., "Thermodynamics: Second Law Analysis", (3) R. C. Tolman and P. C. Fine, Reu. Mod.Phys., 20
Second Law-Like Inequalities with Quantum Relative Entropy: An Introduction
Sagawa, Takahiro
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We review the basic properties of the quantum relative entropy for finite-dimensional Hilbert spaces. In particular, we focus on several inequalities that are related to the second law of thermodynamics, where the positivity and the monotonicity of the quantum relative entropy play key roles; these properties are directly applicable to derivations of the second law (e.g., the Clausius inequality). Moreover, the positivity is closely related to the quantum fluctuation theorem, while the monotonicity leads to a quantum version of the Hatano-Sasa inequality for nonequilibrium steady states. Based on the monotonicity, we also discuss the data processing inequality for the quantum mutual information, which has a similar mathematical structure to that of the second law. Moreover, we derive a generalized second law with quantum feedback control. In addition, we review a proof of the monotonicity in line with Petz.
The public philosophy of John Dewey and the evolution of law enforcement
Patterson, Michael Lewis
2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis identifies the convergence between John Dewey's ideas regarding the public and the evolution of law enforcement practices. There are four areas covered, those being responses to major shifts in cultural activities and assumptions...
Group Analysis of Nonlinear Internal Waves in Oceans. III: Additional conservation laws
Nail H. Ibragimov; Ranis N. Ibragimov
2011-08-09T23:59:59.000Z
Using the maximal Lie algebra of point symmetries of a system of nonlinear equations used in geophysical fluid dynamics, two conservation laws are found in addition to the conservation of energy.
Why Copyright Law Excludes Systems and Processes from the Scope of Its Protection
Samuelson, Pamela
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
expression of them. Eaton Drone’s treatise on copyright law,only lie, according to Drone, “in the intellectual creationthe recently published Drone treatise that praised Drury. 63
Tunable power law in the desynchronization events of coupled chaotic electronic circuits
Oliveira, Gilson F. de, E-mail: gilson@otica.ufpb.br; Lorenzo, Orlando di; Chevrollier, Martine; Passerat de Silans, Thierry; Oriá, Marcos [Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal da Paraíba, 58051-900 João Pessoa, PB (Brazil)] [Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal da Paraíba, 58051-900 João Pessoa, PB (Brazil); Souza Cavalcante, Hugo L. D. de [Departamento de Informática, Universidade Federal da Paraíba, 58051-900 João Pessoa, PB (Brazil)
2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z
We study the statistics of the amplitude of the synchronization error in chaotic electronic circuits coupled through linear feedback. Depending on the coupling strength, our system exhibits three qualitatively different regimes of synchronization: weak coupling yields independent oscillations; moderate to strong coupling produces a regime of intermittent synchronization known as attractor bubbling; and stronger coupling produces complete synchronization. In the regime of moderate coupling, the probability distribution for the sizes of desynchronization events follows a power law, with an exponent that can be adjusted by changing the coupling strength. Such power-law distributions are interesting, as they appear in many complex systems. However, most of the systems with such a behavior have a fixed value for the exponent of the power law, while here we present an example of a system where the exponent of the power law is easily tuned in real time.
ON THE EXISTENCE AND COMPACTNESS OF A TWO-DIMENSIONAL RESONANT SYSTEM OF CONSERVATION LAWS
under the assumption that the flux functions in the two directions are linearly independent. 1 of conservation laws modeling the displacement of oil in a reservoir by water and polymer, which is now known
Statistics of the gravitational force in various dimensions of space: from Gaussian to Levy laws
Pierre-Henri Chavanis
2009-07-28T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss the distribution of the gravitational force created by a Poissonian distribution of field sources (stars, galaxies,...) in different dimensions of space d. In d=3, it is given by a Levy law called the Holtsmark distribution. It presents an algebraic tail for large fluctuations due to the contribution of the nearest neighbor. In d=2, it is given by a marginal Gaussian distribution intermediate between Gaussian and Levy laws. In d=1, it is exactly given by the Bernouilli distribution (for any particle number N) which becomes Gaussian for N>>1. Therefore, the dimension d=2 is critical regarding the statistics of the gravitational force. We generalize these results for inhomogeneous systems with arbitrary power-law density profile and arbitrary power-law force in a d-dimensional universe.
Derivation of Newton's Law of Gravitation Based on a Fluid Mechanical Singularity Model of Particles
Xiao-Song Wang
2006-10-25T23:59:59.000Z
We speculate that the universe may be filled with a kind of fluid which may be called aether or tao. Thus, Newton's law of gravitation is derived by methods of hydrodynamics based on a sink flow model of particles.
Gravitational Analog of Faraday's Law via Torsion and a Metric with an Antisymmetric Part
Philip D. Mannheim; J. J. Poveromo
2014-08-25T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we show that in the presence of torsion and a metric with an antisymmetric part one can construct a gravitational analog of Faraday's law of electromagnetism.
FAST Code Verification of Scaling Laws for DeepCwind Floating Wind System Tests: Preprint
Jain, A.; Robertson, A. N.; Jonkman, J. M.; Goupee, A. J.; Kimball, R. W.; Swift, A. H. P.
2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper investigates scaling laws that were adopted for the DeepCwind project for testing three different floating wind systems at 1/50 scale in a wave tank under combined wind and wave loading.
Zu?n?iga Schroder, Humberto Angel
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Standards are necessary for an efficient functioning of the market and their regulation is an increasingly important area of law. Such is their importance that today it is possible to find thousands of standards developed ...
The public philosophy of John Dewey and the evolution of law enforcement
Patterson, Michael Lewis
2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis identifies the convergence between John Dewey's ideas regarding the public and the evolution of law enforcement practices. There are four areas covered, those being responses to major shifts in cultural activities and assumptions...
Higgs boson and beyond: the quest for new laws of physics discussed...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Frontiers in Science lectures Higgs boson and beyond: the quest for new laws of physics discussed at Frontiers in Science lectures The lecture series is intended to increase local...
Myers, Chris
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
understood and characterized. In this work, we report scaling laws for a model with SIR structure coupled with a constant force of infection per susceptible, akin to a "reservoir forcing". We find that the statistics
THE CASE FOR EXCELLENCE The University of Houston Law Center is a Tier One
Azevedo, Ricardo
in the field of energy that will allow graduates to practice in both the U.S. and Canada. "Being in a large.S. News & World Report · UH Law Center part-time program is ranked 16th nationally by U.S. News & World among 200 law schools in the nation by U.S. News & World Report. Students work toward J.D., LL
The Impact of Legislation House Bill 56 on Immigration Laws and Construction in Alabama
Garcia, Jose
2013-08-02T23:59:59.000Z
.............................................................. 19 2.7 Fiscal Impact of Unauthorized Immigration .................................................. 21 2.8 Anti-Illegal Immigration Legislation ............................................................. 25 2.9 Affected Areas... it proceeded to go into effect. The main provisions of the passed law are as follows: ? Allows local law enforcement to demand papers from anyone they deem to be in the country illegally.(ACLU, 2013) 2 ? Makes it a crime for undocumented immigrants...
Numerical Simulation of the Flow of a Power Law Fluid in an Elbow Bend
Kanakamedala, Karthik
2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z
widely used form of the general constitutive equation is the power law model. The one dimensional power law model during simple shear is given by, ??? = ? ? ? ?? ? where, ??? is the shear stress, ? is the consistency index ? ?? is the rate... institution. I would also like to thank the University for providing the supercomputing facilities which have been very helpful for performing the simulations. vi NOMENCLATURE ? Velocity vector p Hydrodynamic pressure ? Cauchy stress tensor...
Generalized second law at linear order for actions that are functions of Lovelock densities
Sudipta Sarkar; Aron C. Wall
2015-05-19T23:59:59.000Z
In this article we consider the second law of black holes (and other causal horizons) in theories where the gravitational action is an arbitrary function of the Lovelock densities. We show that there exists an entropy which increases locally, for linearized perturbations to regular Killing horizons. In addition to a classical increase theorem, we also prove a generalized second law for semiclassical, minimally-coupled matter fields.
Graduates' Perceptions of the Criminal Justice Degree as Preparation for a Career in Law Enforcement
Franks, George Robert
2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z
GRADUATES? PERCEPTIONS OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE DEGREE AS PREPARATION FOR A CAREER IN LAW ENFORCEMENT A Dissertation by GEORGE ROBERT FRANKS, JR. Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY August 2009 Major Subject: Educational Administration GRADUATES? PERCEPTIONS OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE DEGREE AS PREPARATION FOR A CAREER IN LAW ENFORCEMENT A...
Excessive loss of information by the power-law ansatz for complex systems
Tsai, Sun-Ting; Chang, Ching-Hao; Tsai, Meng-Xue; Hsu, Nan-Jung; Hong, Tzay-Ming
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Physicists love simple laws and uncovering common causes among seemingly unrelated phenomena. An example is the connection between earthquakes and crumpling of a paper, built through the simple power law (SPL) believed to exist between the occurrence rate of their crackling noise and the pulse intensity. We provide, however, evidence to weaken such a link by showing that both systems in fact obey different and more complex laws. Our analyses are based on the Akaike information criterion (AIC) that is a direct measurement of information loss and emphasizes the need to strike a balance between model simplicity and goodness of fit. AIC found that a shifted power law retains more information than SPL in the cases of crumpling sound, duration-time frequency of solar flare, web link, protein-domain frequency, and stock-market fluctuations. In the mean time, double power laws (DPL) should replace the Gutenberg-Richter law for earthquake, and the scale-free model for brain functional network, two-dimensional sandpile...
Shyu, Mei-Ling
student acts as a quasi-law clerk to a judge. Judicial internships are available during the summer refer to post-graduate, full time positions. #12;If you secure a position with a judge you should or involuntary manslaughter to water righ
Preliminary ILAW Formulation Algorithm Description, 24590 LAW RPT-RT-04-0003, Rev. 1
Kruger, Albert A.; Kim, Dong-Sang; Vienna, John D.
2013-12-03T23:59:59.000Z
The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of River Protection (ORP), has contracted with Bechtel National, Inc. (BNI) to design, construct, and commission the Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) at the Hanford Site (DOE 2000). This plant is designed to operate for 40 years and treat roughly 50 million gallons of mixed hazardous high-level waste (HLW) stored in 177 underground tanks at the Hanford Site. The process involves separating the hight-level and low-activity waste (LAW) fractions through filtration, leaching, Cs ion exchange, and precipitation. Each fraction will be separately vitrified into borosilicate waste glass. This report documents the initial algorithm for use by Hanford WTP in batching LAW and glass-forming chemicals (GFCs) in the LAW melter feed preparation vessel (MFPV). Algorithm inputs include the chemical analyses of the pretreated LAW in the concentrate receipt vessel (CRV), the volume of the MFPV heel, and the compositions of individual GFCs. In addition to these inputs, uncertainties in the LAW composition and processing parameters are included in the algorithm.
Constraints on the tensor-to-scalar ratio for non-power-law models
Vázquez, J. Alberto; Bridges, M. [Kavli Institute for Cosmology, Madingley Road,Cambridge CB3 0HA (United Kingdom); Ma, Yin-Zhe [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, Agricultural Road, Vancouver BC V6T 1Z1 (Canada); Hobson, M.P., E-mail: jv292@cam.ac.uk, E-mail: mb435@mrao.cam.ac.uk, E-mail: mayinzhe@phas.ubc.ca, E-mail: mph@mrao.cam.ac.uk [Astrophysics Group, Cavendish Laboratory, JJ Thomson Avenue, Cambridge, CB3 0HE (United Kingdom)
2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
Recent cosmological observations hint at a deviation from the simple power-law form of the primordial spectrum of curvature perturbations. In this paper we show that in the presence of a tensor component, a turn-over in the initial spectrum is preferred by current observations, and hence non-power-law models ought to be considered. For instance, for a power-law parameterisation with both a tensor component and running parameter, current data show a preference for a negative running at more than 2.5? C.L. As a consequence of this deviation from a power-law, constraints on the tensor-to-scalar ratio r are slightly broader. We also present constraints on the inflationary parameters for a model-independent reconstruction and the Lasenby and Doran (LD) model. In particular, the constraints on the tensor-to-scalar ratio from the LD model are: r{sub LD} = 0.11±0.024. In addition to current data, we show expected constraints from Planck-like and CMB-Pol sensitivity experiments by using Markov-Chain-Monte-Carlo sampling chains. For all the models, we have included the Bayesian Evidence to perform a model selection analysis. The Bayes factor, using current observations, shows a strong preference for the LD model over the standard power-law parameterisation, and provides an insight into the accuracy of differentiating models through future surveys.
ON THE LIRA LAW AND THE NATURE OF EXTINCTION TOWARD TYPE Ia SUPERNOVAE
Foerster, Francisco; Gonzalez-Gaitan, Santiago [Departamento de Astronomia, Universidad de Chile, Casilla 36-D, Santiago (Chile); Folatelli, Gaston [Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, Todai Institutes for Advanced Study (TODIAS), University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8583 (Japan); Morrell, Nidia [Las Campanas Observatory, Carnegie Observatories, Casilla 601, La Serena (Chile)
2013-07-20T23:59:59.000Z
We have studied the relation between the color evolution of Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) from maximum light to the Lira law regime and the presence of narrow absorption features. Based on a nearby sample of 89 SNe Ia, we have found that the rate of change of B - V colors at late phases (between 35 and 80 days after maximum) varies significantly among different SNe Ia. At maximum light, faster Lira law B - V decliners have significantly higher equivalent widths of blended Na I D1 and D2 narrow absorption lines, redder colors, and lower R{sub V} reddening laws. We do not find faster Lira law B - V decliners to have a strong preference for younger galaxy environments, where higher interstellar material (ISM) column densities would be expected. We interpret these results as evidence for the presence of circumstellar material. The differences in colors and reddening laws found at maximum light are also present 55 days afterward, but unlike the colors at maximum they show a significant variation among different host galaxy morphological types. This suggests that the effect of ISM on the colors is more apparent at late times. Finally, we discuss how the transversal expansion of the ejecta in an inhomogeneous ISM could mimic some of these findings.
Oedometric Test, Bauer's Law and the Micro-Macro Connection for a Dry Sand
W. F. Oquendo; J. D. Muñoz; A. Lizcano
2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z
What is the relationship between the macroscopic parameters of the constitutive equation for a granular soil and the microscopic forces between grains? In order to investigate this connection, we have simulated by molecular dynamics the oedometric compression of a granular soil (a dry and bad-graded sand) and computed the hypoplastic parameters $h_s$ (the granular skeleton hardness) and $\\eta$ (the exponent in the compression law) by following the same procedure than in experiments, that is by fitting the Bauer's law $e/e0 = exp(-(3p/hs)\\eta)$, where $p$ is the pressure, and $e_0$ and $e$ are the initial and present void ratios. The micro-mechanical simulation includes elastic and dissipative normal forces plus slip, rolling and static friction between grains. By this way we have explored how the macroscopic parameters change by modifying the grains stiffness, V ; the dissipation coefficient, $\\gamma_n$; the static friction coefficient, $\\mu_s$; and the dynamic friction coefficient, $\\mu_k$ . Cumulating all simulations, we obtained an unexpected result: the two macroscopic parameters seems to be related by a power law, $h_s = 0.068(4)\\eta^{9.88(3)}$. Moreover, the experimental result for a Guamo sand with the same granulometry fits perfectly into this power law. Is this relation real? What is the final ground of the Bauer's Law? We conclude by exploring some hypothesis.
Notes on Gauss law applied for time varying electric field in vacuum
Zhakatayev, Altay
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Gauss's law in integral form states that closed surface integral of electric field is proportional to net charge present within the volume bounded by this closed surface. Gauss's law in differential form states that divergence of electric field is proportional to charge's volume density. From Gauss's law it is concluded that in vacuum, where no electric charges are present, divergence of electric field and closed surface integral of electric field are zero. In this paper we make an attempt to theoretically prove that for time-varying electric fields Gauss's law is not valid. In other words, for time-varying electric field even in vacuum divergence of electric field and closed surface integral of electric field are non-zero. We do this by considering simple sinusoidal motion of the charge and then by calculating closed surface integral at specific time of time-varying electric field due to charge motion. Results show that for charges at still and at motion with constant velocity Gauss's law is valid. However f...
Electronic copy available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1493525 Title: From crude law to civil and transformation of intractable conflict is presented. The formal model translates the insights of the Crude Law: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1493525 1 Running head: Crude Law and conflict From crude law to civil
Sandel, Milton Carlisle
1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
about consistency, accountability, and professional operaflng standards and procedures. Three major blue-ribbon police commissions ? the President's Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice in 1967, the American Bar Association... pamphlets. There is some literature that pre-dates the forination of CALEA which covers various blue-ribbon commissions' efforts for police reform through the establishment of standards for law enforcement. Numerous articles about law enforcement...
Pathways to Identity: Aiding Law Enforcement in Identification Tasks With Visual Analytics
Bruce, Joseph R.; Scholtz, Jean; Hodges, Duncan; Emanuel, Lia; Stanton-Fraser, Danae; Creese, Sadie; Love, Oriana J.
2014-09-18T23:59:59.000Z
The nature of identity has changed dramatically in recent years, and has grown in complexity. Identities are defined in multiple domains: biological and psychological elements strongly contribute, but also biographical and cyber elements are necessary to complete the picture. Law enforcement is beginning to adjust to these changes, recognizing its importance in criminal justice. The SuperIdentity project seeks to aid law enforcement officials in their identification tasks through research of techniques for discovering identity traits, generation of statistical models of identity and analysis of identity traits through visualization. We present use cases compiled through user interviews in multiple fields, including law enforcement, as well as the modeling and visualization tools design to aid in those use cases.
Absence of Power-law Mid-Infrared Conductivity in Gravitational Crystals
Langley, Brandon W; Phillips, Philip W
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In a Reissner-Nordstr\\"om spacetime that is asymptotically anti de Sitter, we compute the boundary conductivity as a function of frequency of a charged black hole in the presence of a periodic potential that generates a non-uniform charge density. We choose a periodic potential that interpolates between that used in two previous studies, one that reports power-law scaling for the optical conductivity and one that does not. We find no evidence for a power-law scaling of the optical conductivity, thereby corroborating the previous negative result that gravitational crystals are insufficient to generate the power-law scaling observed in the mid-infrared of the cuprate superconductors.
Anisotropic model of dark energy dominated universe with hybrid expansion law
Suresh Kumar
2013-08-22T23:59:59.000Z
The paper deals with the study of the dynamics of Universe within the framework of a spatially homogeneous Bianchi-V space-time filled with a perfect fluid composed of non-interacting matter and dynamical dark energy components. We determine the Bianchi-V space-time by considering hybrid expansion law (HEL) for the average scale factor that yields power-law and exponential-law cosmologies in its special cases. In the HEL cosmology, the Universe exhibits transition from deceleration to acceleration. We find that the HEL Universe within the framework of Bianchi-V space-time is anisotropic at the early stages of evolution and becomes isotropic at late times. The dynamical dark energy in the HEL Bianchi-V Universe does not show departure from the usual cosmological constant at later times.
Local 4/5-Law and Energy Dissipation Anomaly in Turbulence
Gregory L. Eyink
2002-08-05T23:59:59.000Z
A strong local form of the ``4/3-law'' in turbulent flow has been proved recently by Duchon and Robert for a triple moment of velocity increments averaged over both a bounded spacetime region and separation vector directions, and for energy dissipation averaged over the same spacetime region. Under precisely stated hypotheses, the two are proved to be proportional, by a constant 4/3, and to appear as a nonnegative defect measure in the local energy balance of singular (distributional) solutions of the incompressible Euler equations. Here we prove that the energy defect measure can be represented also by a triple moment of purely longitudinal velocity increments and by a mixed moment with one longitudinal and two tranverse velocity increments. Thus, we prove that the traditional 4/5- and 4/15-laws of Kolmogorov hold in the same local sense as demonstrated for the 4/3-law by Duchon-Robert.
Pascal (Yang Hui) triangles and power laws in the logistic map
Carlos Velarde; Alberto Robledo
2015-04-23T23:59:59.000Z
We point out the joint occurrence of Pascal triangle patterns and power-law scaling in the standard logistic map, or more generally, in unimodal maps. It is known that these features are present in its two types of bifurcation cascades: period and chaotic- band doubling of attractors. Approximate Pascal triangles are exhibited by the sets of lengths of supercycle diameters and by the sets of widths of opening bands. Additionally, power-law scaling manifests along periodic attractor supercycle positions and chaotic band splitting points. Consequently, the attractor at the mutual accumulation point of the doubling cascades, the onset of chaos, displays both Gaussian and power-law distributions. Their combined existence implies both ordinary and exceptional statistical-mechanical descriptions of dynamical properties.
Higher conservation laws for the quantum non-linear Schroedinger equation
B. Davies; V. E. Korepin
2011-09-29T23:59:59.000Z
Quantum non-linear SCHROEDINGER equation is equivalent to Lieb-Liniger model. It has non-trivial conservation laws. Recently these conservation laws were used for evaluation of the three-body recombination rate for interacting gas of quantum bosons. These conservations laws were known already in 1989. Submitted text is retyping of the preprint of Centre for Mathematical Analysis of Australian National University CMA-R33-89. It was discussed in Leningrad Branch of the V.A. Steklov Mathematical Institute at that time. A copy of the original preprint can be found in the section Quantum Inverse Scattering Method of the web-page http://insti.physics.sunysb.edu/~korepin/
Phase diagram of power law and Lennard-Jones systems: Crystal phases
Travesset, Alex, E-mail: trvsst@ameslab.gov [Department of Physics and Astronomy and Ames Lab, Iowa State University Ames, Ames, Iowa 50011 (United States)
2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z
An extensive characterization of the low temperature phase diagram of particles interacting with power law or Lennard-Jones potentials is provided from Lattice Dynamical Theory. For power law systems, only two lattice structures are stable for certain values of the exponent (or softness) (A15, body centered cube (bcc)) and two more (face centered cubic (fcc), hexagonal close packed (hcp)) are always stable. Among them, only the fcc and bcc are equilibrium states. For Lennard-Jones systems, the equilibrium states are either hcp or fcc, with a coexistence curve in pressure and temperature that shows reentrant behavior. The hcp solid never coexists with the liquid. In all cases analyzed, for both power law and Lennard-Jones potentials, the fcc crystal has higher entropy than the hcp. The role of anharmonic terms is thoroughly analyzed and a general thermodynamic integration to account for them is proposed.
Mushfiq Ahmad
2007-08-20T23:59:59.000Z
We have defined a slowness, s, as the reciprocal conjugate of velocity, v. s = -ih/v. We have shown that Einstein's postulate (v has an upper limit) implies that s is discrete. A velocity operator is defined as the derivative with respect to s. Superposition of corresponding Eigenfunctions give Galilean law of addition of velocities. We have replaced the differential operator by the corresponding finite difference symmetric operator. We have shown that superposition of corresponding discrete Eigenfunctions give relativistic law of addition of velocities. A reciprocal symmetric number system is developed and with the help of this number system we have shown the relation between superposition and relativistic law of addition of velocities.
Absence of Power-law Mid-Infrared Conductivity in Gravitational Crystals
Brandon W. Langley; Garrett Vanacore; Philip W. Phillips
2015-06-22T23:59:59.000Z
In a Reissner-Nordstr\\"om spacetime that is asymptotically anti de Sitter, we compute the boundary conductivity as a function of frequency of a charged black hole in the presence of a periodic potential that generates a non-uniform charge density. We choose a periodic potential that interpolates between that used in two previous studies, one that reports power-law scaling for the optical conductivity and one that does not. We find no evidence for a power-law scaling of the optical conductivity, thereby corroborating the previous negative result that gravitational crystals are insufficient to generate the power-law scaling observed in the mid-infrared of the cuprate superconductors.
Energy-Momentum Conservation Laws in Affine-Metric Gravitation Theory
G. Sardanashvily
1995-01-10T23:59:59.000Z
The Lagrangian formulation of field theory does not provide any universal energy-momentum conservation law in order to analize that in gravitation theory. In Lagrangian field theory, we get different identities involving different stress energy-momentum tensors which however are not conserved, otherwise in the covariant multimomentum Hamiltonian formalism. In the framework of this formalism, we have the fundamental identity whose restriction to a constraint space can be treated the energy-momentum transformation law. This identity remains true also for gravity. Thus, the tools are at hand to investigate the energy-momentum conservation laws in gravitation theory. The key point consists in the feature of a metric gravitational field whose canonical momenta on the constraint space are equal to zero.
Modified Newton's Law of Gravitation Due to Minimal Length in Quantum Gravity
Ahmed Farag Ali; A. Tawfik
2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z
A recent theory about the origin of the gravity suggests that the gravity is originally an entropic force. In this work, we discuss the effects of generalized uncertainty principle (GUP) which is proposed by some approaches to quantum gravity such as string theory, black hole physics and doubly special relativity theories (DSR), on the area law of the entropy. This leads to a $\\sqrt{Area}$-type correction to the area law of entropy which imply that the number of bits $N$ is modified. Therefore, we obtain a modified Newton's law of gravitation. Surprisingly, this modification agrees with different sign with the prediction of Randall-Sundrum II model which contains one uncompactified extra dimension. Furthermore, such modification may have observable consequences at length scales much larger than the Planck scale.
Lorenz transformations for one biquaternion model of electro-gravymagnetic field. Conservation laws
L. A. Alexeyeva
2009-04-22T23:59:59.000Z
The biquaternion approach is developed for building of the equations of the inter-action of different charges and currents and generated Electro-GravyMagnetic fields. The field analogues of three Newton's laws are offered free and interacting charge-currents, as well as total field of interaction. An invariance of the equations for one EGM-field model at Lorenz transformation is investigated, and, in particu-lar, law of the conservation of the charge-current. It is shown that at interaction by fields, this law differs from the well-known one. So for closing the equation of charge-currents transformations the new modification of Maxwell's equations is offered with entering the scalar field of resistance in the biquaternion of EGM-field tension. Relativistic formula for transformation of density of the masses and charge, current, forces and their powers are built.
A cohesive law for interfaces in graphene/hexagonal boron nitride heterostructure
Zhang, Chenxi [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Miami, Coral Gables, Florida 33146 (United States); Lou, Jun [Department of Materials Science and NanoEngineering, Rice University, Houston, Texas 77251 (United States); Song, Jizhou, E-mail: jzsong@gmail.com [Department of Engineering Mechanics and Soft Matter Research Center, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China)
2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z
Graphene/hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) heterostructure has showed great potential to improve the performance of graphene device. We have established the cohesive law for interfaces between graphene and monolayer or multi-layer h-BN based on the van der Waals force. The cohesive energy and cohesive strength are given in terms of area density of atoms on corresponding layers, number of layers, and parameters in the van der Waals force. It is found that the cohesive law in the graphene/multi-layer h-BN is dominated by the three h-BN layers which are closest to the graphene. The approximate solution is also obtained to simplify the expression of cohesive law. These results are very useful to study the deformation of graphene/h-BN heterostructure, which may have significant impacts on the performance and reliability of the graphene devices especially in the areas of emerging applications such as stretchable electronics.
Technical Review of Law Enforcement Standards and Guides Relative to Incident Management
Stenner, Robert D.; Salter, R.; Stanton, J. R.; Fisher, D.
2009-03-24T23:59:59.000Z
In an effort to locate potential law enforcement-related standards that support incident management, a team from the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) contacted representatives from the National Institute of Standards-Office of Law Enforcement Standards (NIST-OLES), National Institute of Justice (NIJ), Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), Secret Service, ASTM International committees that have a law enforcement focus, and a variety of individuals from local and regional law enforcement organizations. Discussions were held with various state and local law enforcement organizations. The NIJ has published several specific equipment-related law enforcement standards that were included in the review, but it appears that law enforcement program and process-type standards are developed principally by organizations that operate at the state and local level. Input is provided from state regulations and codes and from external non-government organizations (NGOs) that provide national standards. The standards that are adopted from external organizations or developed independently by state authorities are available for use by local law enforcement agencies on a voluntary basis. The extent to which they are used depends on the respective jurisdictions involved. In some instances, use of state and local disseminated standards is mandatory, but in most cases, use is voluntary. Usually, the extent to which these standards are used appears to depend on whether or not jurisdictions receive certification from a “governing” entity due to their use and compliance with the standards. In some cases, these certification-based standards are used in principal but without certification or other compliance monitoring. In general, these standards appear to be routinely used for qualification, selection for employment, and training. In these standards, the term “Peace Officer” is frequently used to refer to law enforcement personnel. This technical review of national law enforcement standards and guides identified the following four guides as having content that supports incident management: • TE-02-02 Guide to Radio Communications Interoperability Strategies and Products • OSHA 335-10N Preparing and Protecting Security Personnel in Emergencies • NIJ 181584 Fire and Arson Scene Evidence: A Guide for Public Safety Personnel • NIJ 181869 A Guide for Explosion and Bombing Scene Investigation In conversations with various state and local law enforcement officials, it was determined that the following National Fire Protection Association (NPFA) standards are generally recognized and tend to be universally used by law enforcement organizations across the country: • NFPA 1600 Standard on Disaster/Emergency Management and Business Continuity Programs • NFPA 1561 Standard on Fire Department Incident Management Systems • NFPA 472 Standard for Competence of Responders to Hazardous Materials/Weapons of Mass Destruction Incidents (2008 Edition) • NFPA 473 Standard for Competencies for EMS Personnel Responding to Hazardous Materials/Weapons of Mass Destruction Incidents (2008 Edition)
Scaling laws and minimum threshold currents for quantum-confined semiconductor lasers
Yariv, A.
1988-09-19T23:59:59.000Z
Basic scaling laws are derived for bulk, two-dimensional (quantum well) and one-dimensional (quantum wire) semiconductor lasers. Starting from quantum derivation of the optical properties of confined carriers, the dimensional dependencies of the scaling laws are made explicit. Threshold currents of approx.100 and 2--3 ..mu..A are predicted for single quantum well and quantum wire lasers, respectively. The basic considerations of this analysis were used recently to obtain ultralow threshold quantum well lasers (P. L. Derry, A. Yariv, K. Lau, N. Bar-Chaim, K. Lee, and J. Rosenberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1773 (1987)).
The second law, Maxwell's daemon and work derivable from quantum heat engines
Tien D. Kieu
2005-08-22T23:59:59.000Z
With a class of quantum heat engines which consists of two-energy-eigenstate systems undergoing, respectively, quantum adiabatic processes and energy exchanges with heat baths at different stages of a cycle, we are able to clarify some important aspects of the second law of thermodynamics. The quantum heat engines also offer a practical way, as an alternative to Szilard's engine, to physically realise Maxwell's daemon. While respecting the second law on the average, they are also capable of extracting more work from the heat baths than is otherwise possible in thermal equilibrium.
What role does the third law of thermodynamics play in Szilard engines?
Kang-Hwan Kim; Sang Wook Kim
2011-12-14T23:59:59.000Z
The role of the third law of thermodynamics in the Szilard engine has been addressed. If the ground state is non-degenerate, the entropy production defined as the work extractable from the engine divided by temperature vanishes as temperature approaches zero due to the third law. The degenerate ground state induced by the symmetry or by accidence gives rise to non-zero entropy production at zero temperature associated with the residual entropy. Various physical situations such as the SZE consisting of bosons or fermions either with or without interaction have been investigated.
Exact momentum conservation laws for the gyrokinetic Vlasov-Poisson equations
Brizard, Alain J. [Department of Chemistry and Physics, Saint Michael's College, Colchester, Vermont 05439 (United States); Tronko, Natalia [Centre de Physique Theorique, Campus de Luminy, Case 907, 13288 Marseille cedex 9 (France); Centre for Fusion, Space and Astrophysics, Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom)
2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
The exact momentum conservation laws for the nonlinear gyrokinetic Vlasov-Poisson equations are derived by applying the Noether method on the gyrokinetic variational principle [A. J. Brizard, Phys. Plasmas 7, 4816 (2000)]. From the gyrokinetic Noether canonical-momentum equation derived by the Noether method, the gyrokinetic parallel momentum equation and other gyrokinetic Vlasov-moment equations are obtained. In addition, an exact gyrokinetic toroidal angular-momentum conservation law is derived in axisymmetric tokamak geometry, where the transport of parallel-toroidal momentum is related to the radial gyrocenter polarization, which includes contributions from the guiding-center and gyrocenter transformations.
Generalised second law of thermodynamics for interacting dark energy in the DGP brane world
Jibitesh Dutta; Subenoy Chakraborty
2010-06-11T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we investigate the validity of the generalized second law of thermodynamics (GSLT) in the DGP brane world when universe is filled with interacting two fluid system: one in the form of cold dark matter and other is holographic dark energy. The boundary of the universe is assumed to be enclosed by the dynamical apparent horizon or the event horizon. The universe is chosen to be homogeneous and isotropic FRW model and the validity of the first law has been assumed here.