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1

CO2 Emissions - Latvia  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Centrally Planned Europe Latvia CO2 Emissions from Latvia Data graphic Data CO2 Emissions from Latvia image Per capita CO2 Emission Estimates for Latvia...

2

Types of Cabinet Durability in Central Eastern Europe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

era (Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland, Romania), while the othersinto these categories: In Poland, the first free electionHungary Latvia Lithuania Poland Romania Slovakia Slovenia

Mueller-Rommel, Ferdinand

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Romania: Brand-New Engineering Solutions  

SciTech Connect

The HEU spent nuclear fuel transport from Romania was a pilot project in the framework of the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program (RRRFR), being the first fully certified spent nuclear fuel shipment by air. The successful implementation of the Romanian shipment also brought various new technology in the program, further used by other participating countries. Until 2009, the RRRFR program repatriated to the Russian Federation HEU spent nuclear fuel of Russian origin from many countries, like Uzbekistan, Czech Republic, Latvia, Hungary, Kazakhstan and Bulgaria. The means of transport used were various; from specialized TK-5 train for the carriage of Russian TUK-19 transport casks, to platform trains for 20 ft freight ISO containers carrying Czech Skoda VPVR/M casks; from river barge on the Danube, to vessel on the Mediterranean Sea and Atlantic Ocean. Initially, in 2005, the transport plan of the HEU spent nuclear fuel from the National Institute for R&D in Nuclear Physics and Nuclear Engineering 'Horia Hulubei' in Magurele, Romania considered a similar scheme, using the specialized TK-5 train transiting Ukraine to the destination point in the Russian Federation, or, as an alternative, using the means and route of the spent nuclear fuel periodically shipped from the Bulgarian nuclear power plant Kosloduy (by barge on the Danube, and by train through Ukraine to the Russian Federation). Due to impossibility to reach an agreement in due time with the transit country, in February 2007 the US, Russian and Romanian project partners decided to adopt the air shipment of the spent nuclear fuel as prime option, eliminating the need for agreements with any transit countries. By this time the spent nuclear fuel inspections were completed, proving the compliance of the burn-up parameters with the international requirements for air shipments of radioactive materials. The short air route avoiding overflying of any other countries except the country of origin and the country of destination also contributed to the decision making in this issue. The efficient project management and cooperation between the three countries (Russia, Romania and USA) made possible, after two and a half years of preparation work, for the first fully certified spent nuclear fuel air shipment to take place on 29th of June 2009, from Romanian airport 'Henri Coanda' to the Russian airport 'Koltsovo' near Yekaterinburg. One day before that, after a record period of 3 weeks of preparation, another HEU cargo was shipped by air from Romanian Institute for Nuclear Research in Pitesti to Russia, containing fresh pellets and therefore making Romania the third HEU-free country in the RRRFR program.

Ken Allen; Lucian Biro; Nicolae Zamfir; Madalina Budu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

CO2 Emissions - Romania  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Centrally Planned Europe Romania CO2 Emissions from Romania Data graphic Data CO2 Emissions from Romania image Per capita CO2 Emission Estimates for Romania...

5

Latvia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Latvia: Energy Resources Latvia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":57,"lon":25,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

6

Use and analysis of new optimization techniques for decision theory and data mining  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Croatia Cyprus InsI Country 2 Romania Romania VenezuelaVenezuela Estonia Latvia Indonesia Latvia Turkey RomaniaMexico Mexico Romania Venezuela Romania Venezuela Sep Table

Moreno Centeno, Erick

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

EUDEEP (Smart Grid Project) (Latvia) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Latvia) Latvia) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name EUDEEP Country Latvia Coordinates 56.879635°, 24.603189° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":56.879635,"lon":24.603189,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

8

Deputy Secretary of Energy Meets with President of Latvia | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of Energy Meets with President of Latvia of Energy Meets with President of Latvia Deputy Secretary of Energy Meets with President of Latvia April 4, 2011 - 6:07pm Addthis Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman meets with President Zatlers of Latvia | DOE photo: Ken Shipp Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman meets with President Zatlers of Latvia | DOE photo: Ken Shipp April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs On Friday, Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman met with President Zatlers of Latvia, and the two discussed a range of energy issues; including energy security and the need for diversified resources, development opportunities in the liquid natural gas and shale gas markets, and the need to create an integrated Baltic energy market. Deputy

9

Bulgaria: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bulgaria: Energy Resources Bulgaria: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43,"lon":25,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

10

An Energy Overview of the Republic of Latvia  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The DOE Office of Fossil Energy is maintaining a web site that is meant to provide useful business- and energy-related information about countries and regions of the world for exporters, project developers, and researchers. The site consists of more than 130 country pages (organized into seven different world regions), with each country page having its own set of links to information sources about that country. There are also more than 30 Country Energy Overviews at the web site -- each of these is a comprehensive review of a specific country's entire energy situation, including sections on Energy Policy, Oil, Natural Gas, Coal, Hydroelectric/Renewables, Nuclear Power, Energy Transmission Infrastructure, Electricity, Electric Industry Overview, Environmental Activities, Privatization, Trade, and Economic Situation. The specific country highlighted in this Country Energy Overview is Latvia. The site is designed to be dynamic. Updates to the overviews will be made as need and resources permit.

anon.

2003-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

11

FSU/Eastern Europe: Russia spearheads small upturn  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper discusses the political and legal scene in Russia, domestic restructuring, exploration, drilling, development by Western companies and by Russian companies, and production. Exploration and development in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Serbia are also discussed.

NONE

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Climate change impact assessment of air pollution levels in bulgaria  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The presented work is aiming at climate change impacts and vulnerability assessment in Bulgaria Climate change may affect exposures to air pollutants by affecting weather and thereby local and regional pollution concentrations Local weather patterns ...

D. Syrakov; M. Prodanova; N. Miloshev; K. Ganev; G. Jordanov; V. Spiridonov; A. Bogatchev; E. Katragkou; D. Melas; A. Poupkou; K. Markakis

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Office Director, Department of Energy, Sophia, Bulgaria | National Nuclear  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Director, Department of Energy, Sophia, Bulgaria | National Nuclear Director, Department of Energy, Sophia, Bulgaria | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > About Us > Who We Are > In The Spotlight > Riaz Awan Office Director, Department of Energy, Sophia, Bulgaria Riaz Awan Riaz Awan Role: Office Director, Department of Energy, Sophia, Bulgaria

14

Cost Curves for Gas Supply Security: The Case of Bulgaria  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.6% Natural gas* 5.7% Liquid fuels 1.2% Notes and sources: SEWRC, December 2008; * cogeneration 6 3.2 Bulgaria is unable to cope with gas supply disruptions Bulgaria was unable to cope with the gas supply disruption of January 2009... of an explanation. First, the Bulgarian gas industry is organised as a de-facto monopoly, with Bulgargaz part of the 100% government-owned Bulgarian Energy Holding. Accordingly, the company is very well...

Silve, Florent; Nol, Pierre

15

Bulgaria-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bulgaria-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production Bulgaria-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) in Developing and Transition Countries Jump to: navigation, search Name Bulgaria-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) in Developing and Transition Countries Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner Ministry of Energy, Ministry of Planning, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Industry Sector Climate, Energy, Water Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Economic Development, Goods and Materials, Industry, People and Policy, Water Conservation Topics Background analysis, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Health, - Macroeconomic, Finance, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, -Roadmap, -TNA, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Technology characterizations

16

Operational pollution forecast for the region of Bulgaria  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An operational prototype of the Integrated Bulgarian Chemical Weather Forecasting and Information System is presented. This version of the system is limited to relatively low resolution (10 km) but covers all Bulgaria. It is based on the US EPA Models-3 System (MM5

D. Syrakov; I. Etropolska; M. Prodanova; K. Ganev; N. Miloshev; K. Slavov

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

An Energy Overview of Romania  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The DOE Office of Fossil Energy is maintaining a web site that is meant to provide useful business- and energy-related information about countries and regions of the world for exporters, project developers, and researchers. The site consists of more than 130 country pages (organized into seven different world regions), with each country page having its own set of links to information sources about that country. There are also more than 30 Country Energy Overviews at the web site -- each of these is a comprehensive review of a specific country's entire energy situation, including sections on Energy Policy, Oil, Natural Gas, Coal, Hydroelectric/Renewables, Nuclear Power, Energy Transmission Infrastructure, Electricity, Electric Industry Overview, Environmental Activities, Privatization, Trade, and Economic Situation. The specific country highlighted in this Country Energy Overview is Romania. The site is designed to be dynamic. Updates to the overviews will be made as need and resources permit.

anon.

2003-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

18

EXHIBIT B  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Cuba, Estonia, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Libya, Lithuania, Macao, Moldova, Mongolia, Myanmar...

19

Major Sponsors International Motorcycle Exhibition Milan,Italy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands,...

20

Romania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Romania: Energy Resources Romania: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":46,"lon":25,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "latvia romania bulgaria" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

An Energy Overview of the Republic of Bulgaria  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The DOE Office of Fossil Energy is maintaining a web site that is meant to provide useful business- and energy-related information about countries and regions of the world for exporters, project developers, and researchers. The site consists of more than 130 country pages (organized into seven different world regions), with each country page having its own set of links to information sources about that country. There are also more than 30 Country Energy Overviews at the web site -- each of these is a comprehensive review of a specific country's entire energy situation, including sections on Energy Policy, Oil, Natural Gas, Coal, Hydroelectric/Renewables, Nuclear Power, Energy Transmission Infrastructure, Electricity, Electric Industry Overview, Environmental Activities, Privatization, Trade, and Economic Situation. The specific country highlighted in this Country Energy Overview is Bulgaria. The site is designed to be dynamic. Updates to the overviews will be made as need and resource s permit.

anon.

2003-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

22

Alternative energy balances for Bulgaria to mitigate climate change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Alternative energy balances aimed to mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are developed as alternatives to the baseline energy balance. The section of mitigation options is based on the results of the GHG emission inventory for the 1987-1992 period. The energy sector is the main contributor to the total CO{sub 2} emissions of Bulgaria. Stationary combustion for heat and electricity production as well as direct end-use combustion amounts to 80% of the total emissions. The parts of the energy network that could have the biggest influence on GHG emission reduction are identified. The potential effects of the following mitigation measures are discussed: rehabilitation of the combustion facilities currently in operation; repowering to natural gas; reduction of losses in thermal and electrical transmission and distribution networks; penetration of new combustion technologies; tariff structure improvement; renewable sources for electricity and heat production; waste-heat utilization; and supply of households with natural gas to substitute for electricity in space heating and cooking. The total available and the achievable potentials are estimated and the implementation barriers are discussed. 3 refs.

Christov, C. [ENERGOPROEKT, Sofia (Bulgaria)

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Fresh and Spent Nuclear Fuel Repatriation from the IRT-2000 Research Reactor Facility, Sofia, Bulgaria  

SciTech Connect

The IRT 2000 research reactor, operated by the Bulgarian Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy (INRNE), safely shipped all of their Russian-origin nuclear fuel from the Republic of Bulgaria to the Russian Federation beginning in 2003 and completing in 2008. These fresh and spent fuel shipments removed all highly enriched uranium (HEU) from Bulgaria. The fresh fuel was shipped by air in December 2003 using trucks and a commercial cargo aircraft. One combined spent fuel shipment of HEU and low enriched uranium (LEU) was completed in July 2008 using high capacity VPVR/M casks transported by truck, barge, and rail. The HEU shipments were assisted by the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program (RRRFR) and the LEU spent fuel shipment was funded by Bulgaria. This report describes the work, approvals, organizations, equipment, and agreements required to complete these shipments and concludes with several major lessons learned.

K. J. Allen; T. G. Apostolov; I. S. Dimitrov

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Tritium laboratory with multiple purposes at NIPNE Magurele Romania  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Tritium Laboratory from NIPNE (Romania)) is part of Radioisotope Research and Production Center. The Tritium Laboratory has been in operation since 1960, and carries out R and D activities involving tritium sources in gaseous, liquids and solid state, provides specialized service to CANDU NPP Cernavoda (Romania)), and provides tritium assay services to internal and external customers. The paper presents the activities and perspectives of Tritium Laboratory and its performances in accordance with Quality System Management. (authors)

Matei, L.; Postolache, C. [Horia Hulubei, National Inst. for Physics and Nuclear Engineering NIPNE, 407 Atomistilor street, 077125 Magurele Ilfov (Romania)

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

25

Preliminary background ozone concentrations in the mountain and coastal areas of Bulgaria  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Govedartsi Valley on the northwest slope of Rila Mountain in southwest Bulgaria (Donev et al. 1996, 1998. These two wind regimes impact diel O3 con- centration patterns as discussed by Donev et al. (1996). A second part of Rila Mountain (Zeller et al. 1992, 1997; Donev et al. 1996, 1998, 1999), the highest mountain

26

Industry turns its attention south  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper discusses the outlook for the gas and oil industries in the Former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Significant foreign investment continues to elude Russia`s oil and gas industry, so the Caspian nations of Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan are picking up the slack, welcoming the flow of foreign capital to their energy projects. Separate evaluations are given for Russia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Moldova, Tajikstan, Uzbekistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Serbia.

Marhefka, D. [Russian Petroleum Investor, Moscow (Russian Federation)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

RUSSIAN-ORIGIN HIGHLY ENRICHED URANIUM SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL SHIPMENT FROM BULGARIA  

SciTech Connect

In July 2008, the Global Threat Reduction Initiative and the IRT 2000 research reactor in Sofia, Bulgaria, operated by the Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy (INRNE), safely shipped 6.4 kilograms of Russian origin highly enriched uranium (HEU) spent nuclear fuel (SNF) to the Russian Federation. The shipment, which resulted in the removal of all HEU from Bulgaria, was conducted by truck, barge, and rail modes of transport across two transit countries before reaching the final destination at the Production Association Mayak facility in Chelyabinsk, Russia. This paper describes the work, equipment, organizations, and approvals that were required to complete the spent fuel shipment and provides lessons learned that might assist other research reactor operators with their own spent nuclear fuel shipments.

Kelly Cummins; Igor Bolshinsky; Ken Allen; Tihomir Apostolov; Ivaylo Dimitrov

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Microsoft Word - DOE_PPPL_M119_Section I.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein,...

29

A Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Climatology for Romania  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The first study of the characteristics of cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning in Romania, based on the data recorded by the Romanian National Lightning Detection Network (RNLDN), is presented. The data, more than 1.75 million CG flashes, covers the ...

Bogdan Antonescu; Sorin Burcea

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Industry sector analysis - oil, gas, transmission profile (Romania) 1994. Export trade information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article is derived from a telegraphic report dated 25 March 1994, prepared at the American Embassy - Bucharest. It discusses oil and gas transmission facilities in Romania.

Not Available

1994-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

31

Transition from HEU to LEU fuel in Romania`s 14-MW TRIGA reactor  

SciTech Connect

The 14-MW TRIGA steady state reactor (SSR) located in Pitesti, Romania, first went critical in the fall of 1979. Initially, the core configuration for full power operation used 29 fuel clusters each containing a 5 {times} 5 square array of HEU (10 wt%) -- ZrH -- Er (2.8 wt%) fuel-moderator rods (1.295 cm o.d.) clad in Incology. With a total inventory of 35 HEU fuel clusters, burnup considerations required a gradual expansion of the core from 29 to 32 and finally to 35 clusters before the reactor was shut down because of insufficient excess reactivity. At this time each of the original 29 fuel clusters had an overage {sup 235}U burnup in the range from 50 to 62%. Because of the US policy regarding the export of highly enriched uranium, fresh HEU TRIGA replacement fuel is not available. After a number of safety-related measurements, the SSR is expected to resume full power operation in the near future using a mixed core containing five LEU TRIGA clusters of the same geometry as the original fuel but with fuel-moderator rods containing 45 wt% U (19.7% {sup 235}U enrichment) and 1.1 wt% Er. Rods for 14 additional LEU fuel clusters will be fabricated by General Atomics. In support of the SSR mixed core operation numerous neutronic calculations have been performed. This paper presents some of the results of those calculations.

Bretscher, M.M.; Snelgrove, J.L.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

32

Heat pump assisted geothermal heating system for Felix Spa, Romania  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper presents a pre-feasibility type study of a proposed heat pump assisted geothermal heating system for an average hotel in Felix Spa, Romania. After a brief presentation of the geothermal reservoir, the paper gives the methodology and the results of the technical and economical calculations. The technical and economical viability of the proposed system is discussed in detail in the final part of the paper.

Rosca, Marcel; Maghiar, Teodor

1996-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

33

Modern Wood Energy Systems and Markets 16-17 September 2008, Timisoara, Romania  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modern Wood Energy Systems and Markets 16-17 September 2008, Timisoara, Romania International Wood Energy Market Developments Ed Pepke Forest Products Marketing Specialist UNECE/FAO Timber Section, Geneva #12;Modern Wood Energy Systems and Markets 16-17 September 2008, Timisoara, Romania Subjects I

34

Radioactive Releases Impact from Kozloduy Nuclear Power Plant, Bulgaria into the Environment  

SciTech Connect

The aim of this paper is to present a general overview of the radioactive releases impact generated by Kozloduy Nuclear Power Plant (KNPP), Bulgaria to the environment and public. The liquid releases presented are known as the so called controlled water discharges, that are generated after reprocessing of the inevitable accumulated liquid radioactive waste in the plant operation process. The radionuclides containing in the liquid releases are given in the paper as a result of systematic measuring. Database for radiation doses evaluation on the public around Kozloduy NPP site is developed using IAEA LADTAP computerized program. The computer code LADTAP represents realization of a model that evaluates the public dose as a result of NPP releases under normal operation conditions. The results of this evaluation were the basic licensing document for a new liquid release limit.

Genchev, G. T.; Kuleff, I.; Tanev, N. T.; Delistoyanova, E. S.; Guentchev, T.

2002-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

35

Air Shipment of Spent Nuclear Fuel from Romania to Russia  

SciTech Connect

Romania successfully completed the worlds first air shipment of spent nuclear fuel transported in Type B(U) casks under existing international laws and without shipment license special exceptions when the last Romanian highly enriched uranium (HEU) spent nuclear fuel was transported to the Russian Federation in June 2009. This air shipment required the design, fabrication, and licensing of special 20 foot freight containers and cask tiedown supports to transport the eighteen TUK 19 shipping casks on a Russian commercial cargo aircraft. The new equipment was certified for transport by road, rail, water, and air to provide multi modal transport capabilities for shipping research reactor spent fuel. The equipment design, safety analyses, and fabrication were performed in the Russian Federation and transport licenses were issued by both the Russian and Romanian regulatory authorities. The spent fuel was transported by truck from the VVR S research reactor to the Bucharest airport, flown by commercial cargo aircraft to the airport at Yekaterinburg, Russia, and then transported by truck to the final destination in a secure nuclear facility at Chelyabinsk, Russia. This shipment of 23.7 kg of HEU was coordinated by the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program (RRRFR), as part of the U.S. Department of Energy Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI), in close cooperation with the Rosatom State Atomic Energy Corporation and the International Atomic Energy Agency, and was managed in Romania by the National Commission for Nuclear Activities Control (CNCAN). This paper describes the planning, shipment preparations, equipment design, and license approvals that resulted in the safe and secure air shipment of this spent nuclear fuel.

Igor Bolshinsky; Ken Allen; Lucian Biro; Alexander Buchelnikov

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Air Shipment of Highly Enriched Uranium Spent Nuclear Fuel from Romania  

SciTech Connect

Romania safely air shipped 23.7 kilograms of Russian origin highly enriched uranium (HEU) spent nuclear fuel from the VVR S research reactor at Magurele, Romania, to the Russian Federation in June 2009. This was the worlds first air shipment of spent nuclear fuel transported in a Type B(U) cask under existing international laws without special exceptions for the air transport licenses. This shipment was coordinated by the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program (RRRFR), part of the U.S. Department of Energy Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI), in cooperation with the Romania National Commission for Nuclear Activities Control (CNCAN), the Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN-HH), and the Russian Federation State Corporation Rosatom. The shipment was transported by truck to and from the respective commercial airports in Romania and the Russian Federation and stored at a secure nuclear facility in Russia where it will be converted into low enriched uranium. With this shipment, Romania became the 3rd country under the RRRFR program and the 14th country under the GTRI program to remove all HEU. This paper describes the work, equipment, and approvals that were required to complete this spent fuel air shipment.

K. J. Allen; I. Bolshinsky; L. L. Biro; M. E. Budu; N. V. Zamfir; M. Dragusin

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Research Reactor Preparations for the Air Shipment of Highly Enriched Uranium from Romania  

SciTech Connect

In June 2009 two air shipments transported both unirradiated (fresh) and irradiated (spent) Russian-origin highly enriched uranium (HEU) nuclear fuel from two research reactors in Romania to the Russian Federation for conversion to low enriched uranium. The Institute for Nuclear Research at Pitesti (SCN Pitesti) shipped 30.1 kg of HEU fresh fuel pellets to Dimitrovgrad, Russia and the Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN-HH) shipped 23.7 kilograms of HEU spent fuel assemblies from the VVR S research reactor at Magurele, Romania, to Chelyabinsk, Russia. Both HEU shipments were coordinated by the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program (RRRFR) as part of the U.S. Department of Energy Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI), were managed in Romania by the National Commission for Nuclear Activities Control (CNCAN), and were conducted in cooperation with the Russian Federation State Corporation Rosatom and the International Atomic Energy Agency. Both shipments were transported by truck to and from respective commercial airports in Romania and the Russian Federation and stored at secure nuclear facilities in Russia until the material is converted into low enriched uranium. These shipments resulted in Romania becoming the 3rd country under the RRRFR program and the 14th country under the GTRI program to remove all HEU. This paper describes the research reactor preparations and license approvals that were necessary to safely and securely complete these air shipments of nuclear fuel.

K. J. Allen; I. Bolshinsky; L. L. Biro; M. E. Budu; N. V. Zamfir; M. Dragusin; C. Paunoiu; M. Ciocanescu

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Systematic Botany (2009), 34(3): pp. 602608 Copyright 2009 by the American Society of Plant Taxonomists  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for this presentation only · Balkan countries = Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Serbia & Montenegro Albania Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Romania Serbia and Montenegro Slovenia The f,000 2,500 1989 1995 2000 2004 Sawn Softwood Albania Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Romania

39

Romania-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Romania-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) Romania-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) in Developing and Transition Countries Jump to: navigation, search Name Romania-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) in Developing and Transition Countries Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner Ministry of Energy, Ministry of Planning, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Industry Sector Climate, Energy, Water Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Economic Development, Goods and Materials, Industry, People and Policy, Water Conservation Topics Background analysis, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Health, - Macroeconomic, Finance, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, -Roadmap, -TNA, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Technology characterizations

40

Republic of Bulgaria Sreden Iskar Cascade hydropower development. Application for participation under the United States Initiative on Joint Implementation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Interest in water resources and hydropower has been low in Bulgaria for over 20 years and only about 33% of the potential hydropower available to the Country are currently being utilized. This is due in part to past design practices that utilized large reservoirs to regulate runoff and create the necessary head. The Iskar River does not allow for the typical design. However, in recent years, technical advancement in machinery design and more efficient turbine-generators has led to the development of low-head hydro projects. Studies determined that the Iskar Cascade can support low-head hydro development and could provide as much as 93 MW of capacity. This project will initially consist of the construction of three hydroelectric facilities along a 120-km section of the Iskar river in western Bulgaria. Each facility will consist of a powerhouse (housing a turbine and generator), an embankment dam, a concrete spillway with regulating gates, a fish passage, and associated transformers and switchgear. This report gives a description of the project, its sources of funding for specific measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, forecasts of greenhouse gas emissions with and without these specific measures, and other environmental considerations.

NONE

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "latvia romania bulgaria" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Application of the Neo-Deterministic Seismic Microzonation Procedure in Bulgaria and Validation of the Seismic Input Against Eurocode 8  

SciTech Connect

The earthquake record and the Code for design and construction in seismic regions in Bulgaria have shown that the territory of the Republic of Bulgaria is exposed to a high seismic risk due to local shallow and regional strong intermediate-depth seismic sources. The available strong motion database is quite limited, and therefore not representative at all of the real hazard. The application of the neo-deterministic seismic hazard assessment procedure for two main Bulgarian cities has been capable to supply a significant database of synthetic strong motions for the target sites, applicable for earthquake engineering purposes. The main advantage of the applied deterministic procedure is the possibility to take simultaneously and correctly into consideration the contribution to the earthquake ground motion at the target sites of the seismic source and of the seismic wave propagation in the crossed media. We discuss in this study the result of some recent applications of the neo-deterministic seismic microzonation procedure to the cities of Sofia and Russe. The validation of the theoretically modeled seismic input against Eurocode 8 and the few available records at these sites is discussed.

Ivanka, Paskaleva [CLSMEE--BAS, 3 Acad G. Bonchev str, 1113 Sofia (Bulgaria); Mihaela, Kouteva [CLSMEE-BAS, 3 Acad G. Bonchev str, 1113 Sofia (Bulgaria); ESP-SAND, ICTP, Trieste (Italy); Franco, Vaccari [DST-University of Trieste, Via E. Weiss 4, 34127 Trieste (Italy); Panza, Giuliano F. [DST-University of Trieste, Via E. Weiss 4, 34127 Trieste (Italy); ESP-SAND, ICTP, Trieste (Italy)

2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

42

Greenhouse Gas Emission Trends and Projections in Europe 2009 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Greenhouse Gas Emission Trends and Projections in Europe 2009 Greenhouse Gas Emission Trends and Projections in Europe 2009 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Greenhouse Gas Emission Trends and Projections in Europe 2009 Agency/Company /Organization: European Environment Agency Topics: Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Background analysis Resource Type: Maps Website: www.eea.europa.eu/publications/eea_report_2009_9 Country: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Ireland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom UN Region: "Western & Eastern Europe" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

43

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets (Redirected from Ecofys Country Fact Sheets) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Ecofys Country Fact Sheets Agency/Company /Organization: Ecofys Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Background analysis, Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs Website: www.ecofys.com/files/files/ecofys_2011_country_factsheets_update.pdf Country: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, South Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela

44

Appendix K: Regional Definitions  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

K K Regional Definitions The six basic country groupings used in this report (Figure K1) are defined as follows: *OECD (18 percent of the 2008 world population): North America-United States, Canada, and Mexico; OECD Europe-Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxem- bourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. OECD Asia-Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand. *Non-OECD (82 percent of the 2008 world popula- tion): - Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia (5 percent of the 2008 world population)-Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovenia,

45

International Energy Outlook 1999 - Notes and Sources  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

sources.gif (4045 bytes) sources.gif (4045 bytes) [1] Turkey and Belarus are Annex I nations that have not ratified the Framework Convention on Climate Change and did not commit to quantifiable emissions targets under the Kyoto Protocol. [2] The Annex I countries under the Framework Convention on Climate Change are Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the Ukraine, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Turkey and Belarus are also considered Annex I countries, but neither has agreed to any limits on greenhouse gas emissions.

46

International Energy Outlook 2007  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

K K Regional Definitions The six basic country groupings used in this report (Figure K1) are defined as follows: *OECD (18 percent of the 2007 world population): North America-United States, Canada, and Mexico; OECD Europe-Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxem- bourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. OECD Asia-Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand. *Non-OECD (82 percent of the 2007 world popula- tion): - Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia (5 percent of the 2007 world population)-Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovenia,

47

Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from All Countries  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Albania Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cameroon Canada Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Estonia Finland France Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibralter Greece Guatemala Guinea Hong Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liberia Lithuania Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Midway Islands Morocco Namibia Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Zealand Nicaragua Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Senegal Singapore Slovakia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Thailand Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vietnam Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen

48

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Ecofys Country Fact Sheets Agency/Company /Organization: Ecofys Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Background analysis, Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs Website: www.ecofys.com/files/files/ecofys_2011_country_factsheets_update.pdf Country: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, South Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela

49

Action Plan for Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade (FLEGT) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Plan for Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade (FLEGT) Plan for Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade (FLEGT) Jump to: navigation, search Name Action Plan for Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade (FLEGT) Agency/Company /Organization European Union Sector Land Focus Area Forestry Topics Policies/deployment programs Resource Type Lessons learned/best practices Website http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smart Country Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Germany, Estonia, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Italy, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Hungary, Malta, Netherlands, Austria, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Finland, Sweden, United Kingdom Western Europe, Eastern Europe, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Western Europe, Northern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Southern Europe, Western Asia, Northern Europe, Northern Europe, Western Europe, Eastern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Western Europe, Eastern Europe, Southern Europe, Eastern Europe, Southern Europe, Eastern Europe, Southern Europe, Northern Europe, Northern Europe, Northern Europe

50

International Energy Outlook 2006  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Regional Definitions Regional Definitions The six basic country groupings used in this report (Figure J1) are defined as follows: *OECD (18 percent of the 2006 world population): North America-United States, Canada, and Mexico; OECD Europe-Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxem- bourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. OECD Asia-Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand. *Non-OECD (82 percent of the 2006 world popula- tion): - Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia (5 percent of the 2006 world population)-Albania, Armenia, Azer- baijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovenia,

51

UNFCCC-Global Map-Annex 1 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UNFCCC-Global Map-Annex 1 UNFCCC-Global Map-Annex 1 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Global Map-Annex 1 Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, United Nations Environment Programme Sector: Climate Topics: Baseline projection, Co-benefits assessment, GHG inventory Resource Type: Maps, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: maps.unfccc.int/di/map/ Country: Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States

52

International Energy Outlook 2000 - Notes & Sources  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

To International Forecasting Home Page To International Forecasting Home Page To Annual Energy Outlook 2000 bullet1.gif (843 bytes) To Forecasting Home Page bullet1.gif (843 bytes) EIA Homepage [1] Turkey and Belarus are Annex I nations that have not ratified the Framework Convention on Climate Change and did not commit to quantifiable emissions targets under the Kyoto Protocol. [2] The Annex I countries under the Framework Convention on Climate Change are Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the Ukraine, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Turkey and Belarus are also considered Annex I countries, but neither has agreed to any limits on greenhouse gas emissions.

53

THE IMPACT OF A URANIUM MINING SITE ON THE STREAM SEDIMENTS (CRUCEA MINE, ROMANIA)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE IMPACT OF A URANIUM MINING SITE ON THE STREAM SEDIMENTS (CRUCEA MINE, ROMANIA) Petrescu L. 1 methods were used to evaluate the impact of uranium mine dumps on the stream sedi- ments from Crucea uranium mine show that the impact of Crucea mine on water quality downstream of mining area

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

54

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Inaugural Steering Group Meeting...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

members, Australia, Bulgaria, Canada, China, France, Ghana, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Poland, Republic of Korea, Romania, Russia, Slovenia and...

55

Secretary Bodman and Rosatom Director Kiriyenko Meet to Discuss...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to nuclear power, including: Australia, Bulgaria, Canada, Ghana, Hungary, Italy, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Poland, Republic of Korea, Romania, Senegal, Slovenia, and...

56

Export.gov - World Wide Offices  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Argentina Hong Kong Poland Australia Hungary Portugal Austria India Qatar Belgium Indonesia Romania Brazil Iraq Russia Bulgaria Ireland Saudi Arabia Canada Israel Serbia Chile...

57

Carbon Emissions in the EE/FSU: IEO99 vs. IEO98  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Bulgaria and Romania are using 1989 as a base year; Poland is using 1988; and Hungary is using the average emissions for the years 1985 to 1987.

58

The EU Black Sea Synergy : An Analysis.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The Black Sea is an enclosed sea, which is situated between Europe and Asia and is surrounded by Bulgaria, Georgia, Romania, Russia, Turkey and Ukraine. (more)

Varol, Songul

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Characteristics of Lethal Electrical Injuries in Central and Northeastern Bulgaria for a 27-Year Period (19802006)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Objective: Despite the advancement of forensic science, electro-traumas still pose serious challenges. Methods: We have studied the forensic medical documentation from 485 autopsies following electro-trauma over the period 19802006, performed at the forensic wards in 6 districts of the country The statistical analysis includes comparison of means and percentages. They are carried out using SPSS Version 11. We accepted statistical significant values of P =.05. Results: The incidence of lethal injuries caused by electricity is 1.29 cases per 100000 people per year. The average age of the deceased from electro-trauma is 37.3 years. Men (85%) prevails over women (14.84%). There are 24.32 % of the cases that are work-related accidents, and 60.61 % of them are domestic. Suicide through electrocution is relatively rare: 7.21%. Homicide has not been registered in our study. Low-voltage injuries (42.06%) are more common than high-voltage ones (30.72%). 62.68 % of the lethal cases occur in summer, between June and September. Conclusions: Among the studied cases, electro-trauma occurs at a young age. The victims are typically men. Work-related accidents are more common than domestic ones; injuries by low voltage are observed more frequently than those by high voltage. Suicides are very rare, and not a single case of homicide has been observed in the study. There exists a seasonal variation in incidence of lethal accidents caused by electric current, its peak being during the summer months. Despite the advancement of forensic science, electro-traumas (ET) still pose a serious challenge. The aim of the study is to examine the incidence and characterization of ET in some areas of Bulgaria as well as the victims average age and their distribution by gender. METHODS The study has been conducted in 6 districts of the Republic of Bulgaria on a total area of 16 910.31 km 2 (15.23 % 0.54 % of the whole countrys territory) and a population of 1 388 277 (17.98 % 0.06 % of the whole population). 1 We have studied the forensic medical documentation from 485 autopsies caused by ET over the period 19802006, performed at

William Dokov Md

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

AIR SHIPMENT OF HIGHLY ENRICHED URANIUM SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL FROM ROMANIA AND LIBYA  

SciTech Connect

In June 2009 Romania successfully completed the worlds first air shipment of highly enriched uranium (HEU) spent nuclear fuel transported in Type B(U) casks under existing international laws and without special exceptions for the air transport licenses. Special 20-foot ISO shipping containers and cask tiedown supports were designed to transport Russian TUK 19 shipping casks for the Romanian air shipment and the equipment was certified for all modes of transport, including road, rail, water, and air. In December 2009 Libya successfully used this same equipment for a second air shipment of HEU spent nuclear fuel. Both spent fuel shipments were transported by truck from the originating nuclear facilities to nearby commercial airports, were flown by commercial cargo aircraft to a commercial airport in Yekaterinburg, Russia, and then transported by truck to their final destinations at the Production Association Mayak facility in Chelyabinsk, Russia. Both air shipments were performed under the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program (RRRFR) as part of the U.S. National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI). The Romania air shipment of 23.7 kg of HEU spent fuel from the VVR S research reactor was the last of three HEU fresh and spent fuel shipments under RRRFR that resulted in Romania becoming the 3rd RRRFR participating country to remove all HEU. Libya had previously completed two RRRFR shipments of HEU fresh fuel so the 5.2 kg of HEU spent fuel air shipped from the IRT 1 research reactor in December made Libya the 4th RRRFR participating country to remove all HEU. This paper describes the equipment, preparations, and license approvals required to safely and securely complete these two air shipments of spent nuclear fuel.

Christopher Landers; Igor Bolshinsky; Ken Allen; Stanley Moses

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "latvia romania bulgaria" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Simulation model and the dynamics of relative poverty rates in the presence of some social benefits in Romania  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents some simulations of the relative poverty rates values in the presence of some social benefits in the income of persons / households considered in the Household Budget Survey carried out by the National Institute of Statistics of Romania ... Keywords: dynamics, indicators, relative poverty, simulation model, social benefits

Cristina Stroe; Andreea Cambir; Cornelia Barti; Eva Militaru; Silvia Cojanu; Eliza Lungu; Codruta Dragoiu; Isadora Lazar

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Analytical analyses of startup measurements associated with the first use of LEU fuel in Romania`s 14-MW TRIGA reactor  

SciTech Connect

The 14-MW TRIGA steady state reactor (SSR) is located in Pitesti, Romania. Beginning with an HEU core (10 wt% U), the reactor first went critical in November 1979 but was shut down ten years later because of insufficient excess reactivity. Last November the Institute for Nuclear Research (INR), which operates the SSR, received from the ANL RERTR program a shipment of 125 LEU pins fabricated by General Atomics and of the same geometry as the original fuel but with an enrichment of 19.7% 235U and a loading of 45 wt% U. Using 100 of these pins, four LEU clusters, each containing a 5 x 5 square array of fuel rods, were assembled. These four LEU clusters replaced the four most highly burned HEU elements in the SSR. The reactor resumed operations last February with a 35-element mixed HEU/LEU core configuration. In preparation for full power operation of the SSR with this mixed HEU/LEU core, a number of measurements were made. These included control rod calibrations, excess reactivity determinations, worths of experiment facilities, reaction rate distributions, and themocouple measurements of fuel temperatures as a function of reactor power. This paper deals with a comparison of some of these measured reactor parameters with corresponding analytical calculations.

Bretscher, M.M.; Snelgrove, J.L. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Ciocanescu, M. [Institute for Nuclear Research, Pitesti (Romania)

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Risk Methodologies for Technological Legacies : Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute, Bourgas, Bulgaria from 2 to 11 May 2000  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Cold War Era left the major participants, the United States and the former Soviet Union (FSU), with large environmental legacies in terms of facility contamination and environmental degradation. Although the countries face similar issues from similar activities, important differences in waste management practices make the potential environmental and health risks of more immediate concern in the FSU and Eastern Europe. In the West, most nuclear and chemical waste is stored in known contained locations, while in the East much of the equivalent material is unconfined, contaminating the environment. The knowledge and experiences of the U.S. in these initial cleanup efforts are seen as important information in many North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Partner countries, where the environmental problems are more severe and the cleanup budgets more limited. An Advanced Study Institute (ASI) on ''Risk Assessment Activities for the Cold War Facilities and Environmental Legacies'' was held in Bourgas, Bulgaria, May 2-11, 2000. The objective of the ASI was to provide information to facilitate and enable decision-making activities affecting the environment and human populations in the NATO and Partner countries. Specifically, the ASI provided a forum to communicate the current status of risk analysis and management methodologies and their appropriate application. It addressed scientific approaches and application experiences from the initial U.S. risk assessment activities. This book is the product of the ASI. The power of the text lies in linking information on legacies with an integrated view of controlling the risk of those legacies. Risk can only be effectively controlled by proper balance of three central concepts: risk analysis, risk perception, and risk management. The editors were drawn together by the joint recognition that risk analysis methods had matured over the past 30 years in several fields, relatively independent of each other. It was time to integrate all these forms of risk analysis under one framework, identifying the reasons for the seemingly disparate approaches and the gains to be reaped by bringing them together. Part I of this book gives detailed information on the three central concepts and gives further definition to facility-centered and human-centered approaches to risk analysis and risk management. Part II of this book gives extensive information on the legacies, our perception of the risk associated with them, and, in some cases, tools for analyzing that risk. Part III of the book relies heavily on applications as a means of presenting detailed information on risk assessment programs and methodologies. Finally, Part IV provides details on future activities. Applications were selected for this text that illustrate the strengths and limitations of different risk methodologies for assessments of military and Cold War legacy facilities in NATO and Partner countries. The textbook shows how specific needs have been met by the various risk methodologies and stress the need for an integrated view that uses the various risk methodologies in a complementary rather than competitive manner.

Bley, Dennis C.; Droppo, James G.; Eremenko, Vitaly A.

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Global threat reduction initiative Russian nuclear material removal progress  

SciTech Connect

In December 1999 representatives from the United States, the Russian Federation, and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) started discussing a program to return to Russia Soviet- or Russian-supplied highly enriched uranium (HEU) fuel stored at the Russian-designed research reactors outside Russia. Trilateral discussions among the United States, Russian Federation, and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) have identified more than 20 research reactors in 17 countries that have Soviet- or Russian-supplied HEU fuel. The Global Threat Reduction Initiative's Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program is an important aspect of the U.S. Government's commitment to cooperate with the other nations to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons and weapons-usable proliferation-attractive nuclear materials. To date, 496 kilograms of Russian-origin HEU have been shipped to Russia from Serbia, Latvia, Libya, Uzbekistan, Romania, Bulgaria, Poland, Germany, and the Czech Republic. The pilot spent fuel shipment from Uzbekistan to Russia was completed in April 2006. (author)

Cummins, Kelly [DOE/NNSA (United States); Bolshinsky, Igor [INL/NNSA (United States)

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

65

East Coast (PADD 1) Imports from All Countries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Import Area: East Coast (PADD 1) Midwest (PADD 2) Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) West Coast (PADD 5) Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Import Area: East Coast (PADD 1) Midwest (PADD 2) Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) West Coast (PADD 5) Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Cameroon Canada Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Estonia Finland France Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibralter Greece Guatemala Guinea Hong Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liberia Lithuania Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Morocco Namibia Netherlands Netherlands Antilles Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Senegal Singapore South Africa Spain Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Thailand Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Vietnam Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen

66

Global Rebalancing: US Protection versus Europe-led reflation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Bulgaria, former Czechoslovakia (Czech Rep., Slovakia), Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, and former Yugoslavian states (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegro, Kosovo, Slovenia). 12 allowing these countries a greater share...

Irvin, George; Izurieta, Alex

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

U  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

to EURATOM Please make a note of the two new countries added to the European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM). As of January 1, 2007, Bulgaria and Romania are included in...

68

The contribution of leading diseases and risk factors to excess losses of healthy life in eastern Europe: burden of disease study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Tajikistan, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Yugoslavia C Low child, high adult Belarus, Estonia, Hungary, Kazakhstan...

Powles, John W; Zatonski, Witold; Vander Hoorn, Stephen; Ezzati, Majid

2005-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

69

Arctic Circle Mediterranean Sea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;· Albania · Bosnia and Herzegovina · Bulgaria · Croatia · Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia #12;Romania 52.5%Slovenia 26.4% Bulgaria 16.0% Croatia 2.7% Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.2% Serbia Bosnia and Herzegovina Serbia and Montenegro Albania 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 $USMillion 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005

70

CONSULTING ASSISTANCE ON ECONOMIC REFORM II DISCUSSION PAPERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­ Azerbaijan, BGR - Bulgaria, BLR ­ Belarus, CZE ­ Czech Republic, EST ­ Estonia, GEO ­ Georgia, HUN ­ Hungary, Russia 6. The Caucasus: Azerbaijan, Georgia, Armenia 7. Central Asia: Turkmenistan, Tajikistan 1992: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Lithuania, Latvia

71

Background pollution forecast over bulgaria  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Both, the current level of air pollution studies and social needs in the country, are in a stage mature enough for creating Bulgarian Chemical Weather Forecasting and Information System The system is foreseen to provide in real time forecast of the spatial/temporal ...

D. Syrakov; K. Ganev; M. Prodanova; N. Miloshev; G. Jordanov; E. Katragkou; D. Melas; A. Poupkou; K. Markakis

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

The morpho-topographic and cartographic analysis of the archaeological site Cornesti "Iarcuri", Timis County, Romania, using computer sciences methods (GIS and Remote Sensing techniques)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The archaeological site Cornesti "Iarcuri" is the largest earth fortification in Romania, made out of four concentric compounds, spreading over 1780 hectares. It is known since 1700, but it had only a few small attempts of systematic research, the fortress gained interest only after the publishing of some satellite images by Google Earth. It is located in an area of high fields and it occupies three interfluves and contains two streams. Our paper contains a geomorphologic, topographic and cartographic analysis of the site in order to determine the limits, the structure, the morphology, the construction technique and the functionality of such a fortification.Our research is based on satellite image analysis, on archaeological topography, on soil, climate and vegetation analysis as a way to offer a complex image, through this interdisciplinary study of landscape archaeology. Through our work we try not to date the site as this objective will be achieved only after completing the systematic excavations which sta...

Micle, Dorel; Maruia, Liviu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Total All Countries Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Destination: Total All Countries Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andora Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahama Islands Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Bermuda Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djbouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Pacific Islands Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guinea Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordon Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, South Korea, North Kyrgyzstan Kutubu Kuwait Latvia Lebanon Liberia Libya Lithuania Macau S.A.R. Macedonia Madagascar Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Midway Islands Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands Netherlands/Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papau New Guinea Paracel Islands Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Romania Russia St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Soloman Islands South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Tonga Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Vietnam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

74

Total Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the U.S.  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Country: Total All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iran Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Afghanistan Albania Andora Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djbouti Dominica Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Ethiopia Eritrea Estonia Fiji Finland France French Pacific Islands French Guiana Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guinea Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, South Kutubu Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lebanon Liberia Lithuania Macau S.A.R. Macedonia Madagascar Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Midway Islands Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papau New Guinea Paracel Islands Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Sri Lanka Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Vietnam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen Yugoslavia Other Non OPEC Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

75

Latvia - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

US EIA provides data, forecasts, country analysis brief and other analyses, focusing on the energy industry including oil, natural gas and ...

76

U.S. Imports from Latvia - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

77

Latvia - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum & Other Liquids. Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. ...

78

Provoking Tolerance: History, Sense of Self, and Difference in Latvia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tolerance un Latvijas Sabiedr%bas Integr! cija. R%ga.Barik! des: Latvijas m%lest%bas gr! mata. R%ga: 1991. gadaHanovs, Deniss 2003 Pilson%bas N! cija: Baltijas V*stnesis,

Dzenovska, Dace Agnese

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Latvia - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sales, revenue and prices, power plants, fuel use, stocks, generation, trade, ... as the country is nearly 100 percent dependent on imports from Russia.

80

Energy Efficiency and Importance of Renewable Energy Sources in Latvia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The main goal of Latvian energy policy is to ensure safe and environmentally friendly long?term energy supply at cost?effective prices

I. Skapare; A. Kreslins

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "latvia romania bulgaria" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Analytical analyses of startup measurements associated with the first use of LEU fuel in Romania's 14-MW TRIGA reactor  

SciTech Connect

The 14-MW TRIGA steady state reactor (SSR) is located in Pitesti, Romania. Beginning with an HEU core (10 wt% U), the reactor first went critical in November 1979 but was shut down ten years later because of insufficient excess reactivity. Last November the Institute for Nuclear Research (INR), which operates the SSR, received from the ANL RERTR program a shipment of 125 LEU pins fabricated by General Atomics and of the same geometry as the original fuel but with an enrichment of 19.7% 235U and a loading of 45 wt% U. Using 100 of these pins, four LEU clusters, each containing a 5 x 5 square array of fuel rods, were assembled. These four LEU clusters replaced the four most highly burned HEU elements in the SSR. The reactor resumed operations last February with a 35-element mixed HEU/LEU core configuration. In preparation for full power operation of the SSR with this mixed HEU/LEU core, a number of measurements were made. These included control rod calibrations, excess reactivity determinations, worths of experiment facilities, reaction rate distributions, and themocouple measurements of fuel temperatures as a function of reactor power. This paper deals with a comparison of some of these measured reactor parameters with corresponding analytical calculations.

Bretscher, M.M.; Snelgrove, J.L. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); Ciocanescu, M. (Institute for Nuclear Research, Pitesti (Romania))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

The Optimized Integration of the Decontamination Plan and the Radwaste Management Plan into Decommissioning Plan to the VVR-S Research Reactor from Romania  

SciTech Connect

The paper presents the progress of the Decontamination Plan and Radioactive Waste Management Plan which accompanies the Decommissioning Plan for research reactor VVR-S located in Magurele, Ilfov, near Bucharest, Romania. The new variant of the Decommissioning Plan was elaborated taking into account the IAEA recommendation concerning radioactive waste management. A new feasibility study for VVR-S decommissioning was also elaborated. The preferred safe management strategy for radioactive wastes produced by reactor decommissioning is outlined. The strategy must account for reactor decommissioning, as well as rehabilitation of the existing Radioactive Waste Treatment Plant and the upgrade of the Radioactive Waste Disposal Facility at Baita-Bihor. Furthermore, the final rehabilitation of the laboratories and reusing of cleaned reactor building is envisaged. An inventory of each type of radioactive waste is presented. The proposed waste management strategy is selected in accordance with the IAEA assistance. Environmental concerns are a part of the radioactive waste management strategy. In conclusion: The current version 8 of the Draft Decommissioning Plan which include the Integrated concept of Decontamination and Decommissioning and Radwaste Management, reflects the substantial work that has been incorporated by IFIN-HH in collaboration with SITON, which has resulted in substantial improvement in document The decommissioning strategy must take into account costs for VVR-S Reactor decommissioning, as well as costs for much needed refurbishments to the radioactive waste treatment plant and the Baita-Bihor waste disposal repository. Several improvements to the Baita-Bihor repository and IFIN-HH waste treatment facility were proposed. The quantities and composition of the radioactive waste generated by VVR-S Reactor dismantling were again estimated by streams and the best demonstrated practicable processing solution was proposed. The estimated quantities of materials to be managed in the near future raise some issues that need to be solved swiftly, such as treatment of aluminum and lead and graphite management. It is envisaged that these materials to be treated to Subsidiary for Nuclear Research (SCN) Pitesti. (authors)

Barariu, G. [National Authority for Nuclear Activity-Subsidiary of Technology and Engineering for Nuclear Projects (Romania)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

- - - - - - - - - Italy ... - - - - - 333 333 - - - Korea, South ... - - - - - - - - - - Latvia ......

84

Petroleum Supply Annual  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

- - - - - - - - - - Italy ... - - - - - - - - 298 298 Korea, South ... - - - - - - - - - - Latvia ......

85

Multivariate analysis of structural economic indicators for Croatia and EU 27  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The last (5th) wave of EU enlargement ended on 1st January 2007 with the accession of Romania and Bulgaria. Many countries of the South-Eastern Europe aspire to join the EU. Croatia appears to be the next prospective member, so the aim of this paper ... Keywords: Ward's method, classification, cluster analysis, k-means method, multivariate method, structural economic indicators

Natasa Kurnoga Zivadinovic; Ksenija Dumicic; Anita Ceh Casni

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Newsletter Signup Form  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EETD NEWSLETTER - MANAGE SUBSCRIPTIONS EETD NEWSLETTER - MANAGE SUBSCRIPTIONS (red fields are required) Manage subscriptions: Subscribe Unsubscribe Name E-Mail Affiliation Address Address (line 2) City State/Province Zip/Postal Code Country (please select a country) none Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Anguilla Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegowina Botswana Bouvet Island Brazil British Indian Ocean Territory Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Colombia Comoros Congo Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Cook Islands Costa Rica Cote d'Ivoire Croatia (Hrvatska) Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic East Timor Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France France, Metropolitan French Guiana French Polynesia French Southern Territories Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Heard and Mc Donald Islands Holy See (Vatican City State) Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Republic of Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macau Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mayotte Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Moldova, Republic of Monaco Mongolia Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norfolk Island Northern Mariana Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Reunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint LUCIA Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia (Slovak Republic) Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Spain Sri Lanka St. Helena St. Pierre and Miquelon Sudan Suriname Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Taiwan, Province of China Tajikistan Tanzania, United Republic of Thailand Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Viet Nam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Wallis and Futuna Islands Western Sahara Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia Zimbabwe

87

User:GregZiebold/Program Maps | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Maps Maps < User:GregZiebold Jump to: navigation, search Place Coordinates A Low Carbon Economic Strategy for Scotland United Kingdom A Strategy to Engage the Private Sector in Climate Change Adaptation in Bangladesh Bangladesh A Synthesis of Agricultural Policies in Bangladesh Bangladesh ANL Wind Power Forecasting and Electricity Markets ASEAN-GIZ Regional Environmentally Sustainable Cities Programme - RESCP Brunei Cambodia Indonesia Laos Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Vietnam ASEAN-IEA Activities Indonesia Malaysia Singapore Thailand Philippines Vietnam Brunei Myanmar Cambodia Laos Action Plan for Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade (FLEGT) Belgium Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Germany Estonia Ireland Greece Spain France Italy Cyprus Latvia Lithuania

88

Greenhouse gas reduction by recovery and utilization of landfill methane and CO{sub 2} technical and market feasibility study, Boului Landfill, Bucharest, Romania. Final report, September 30, 1997--September 19, 1998  

SciTech Connect

The project is a landfill gas to energy project rated at about 4 megawatts (electric) at startup, increasing to 8 megawatts over time. The project site is Boului Landfill, near Bucharest, Romania. The project improves regional air quality, reduces emission of greenhouse gases, controls and utilizes landfill methane, and supplies electric power to the local grid. The technical and economic feasibility of pre-treating Boului landfill gas with Acrion`s new landfill gas cleanup technology prior to combustion for power production us attractive. Acrion`s gas treatment provides several benefits to the currently structured electric generation project: (1) increase energy density of landfill gas from about 500 Btu/ft{sup 3} to about 750 Btu/ft{sup 3}; (2) remove contaminants from landfill gas to prolong engine life and reduce maintenance;; (3) recover carbon dioxide from landfill gas for Romanian markets; and (4) reduce emission of greenhouse gases methane and carbon dioxide. Greenhouse gas emissions reduction attributable to successful implementation of the landfill gas to electric project, with commercial liquid CO{sub 2} recovery, is estimated to be 53 million metric tons of CO{sub 2} equivalent of its 15 year life.

Cook, W.J.; Brown, W.R.; Siwajek, L. [Acrion Technologies, Inc., Cleveland, OH (United States); Sanders, W.I. [Power Management Corp., Bellevue, WA (United States); Botgros, I. [Petrodesign, SA, Bucharest (Romania)

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Perceived challenges to public health in Central and Eastern Europe: a qualitative analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Lithuania, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, and the United Kingdom. Of the 25 workshop participants, 13 (52%)countries in the European Region [6]. Similarly, Powles... ] Slovakia 1 9 [1] 1 11 [1]Table 1 Basic characteristics of invited public health experts and workshop participants [in brackets] University Public administration NGO* All Albania 2 2 Bulgaria 6 [1] 2 1 [1] 9 [2] Bosnia & Herzegovina 1 [1] 6 4 11 [1] Croatia...

Mller-Nordhorn, Jacqueline; Holmberg, Christine; Dokova, Klara G; Milevska-Kostova, Neda; Chicin, Gratiana; Ulrichs, Timo; Rechel, Bernd; Willich, Stefan N; Powles, John; Tinnemann, Peter

2012-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

90

Bulgaria - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

State energy information, ... Maps. Maps by energy source and topic, includes forecast maps. Countries. Country energy information, ... Installed Capa ...

91

U.S. Imports from Bulgaria - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Indonesia withdrew from OPEC in January 2009, Angola joined OPEC in January 2007, Ecuador withdrew from OPEC in January 1993 and rejoined in November ...

92

Bulgaria - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

US EIA provides data, forecasts, country analysis brief and other analyses, focusing on the energy industry including oil, natural gas and ...

93

Bulgaria - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

94

U.S. Imports from Romania  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

95

Romania HEU Removal | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering...

96

Sectoral trends in global energy use and greenhouse gas emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia,Europe Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Energy Technology Systems Analysis Program (MARKAL) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Technology Systems Analysis Program (MARKAL) Energy Technology Systems Analysis Program (MARKAL) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy Technology Systems Analysis Program (MARKAL) Agency/Company /Organization: International Energy Agency Sector: Energy Topics: Co-benefits assessment, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: www.etsap.org/index.asp Country: Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, United States, United Kingdom, Switzerland, Albania, Australia, Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Colombia, Croatia, India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, New Zealand, China, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, South Africa, Romania, Serbia, Spain, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam

98

Essays on International Trade and Firm Business Strategies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Azerbaijan Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria CroatiaAzerbaijan Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria CroatiaBelarus Moldova Bosnia and Herzegovina Montenegro Bulgaria

Nakhoda, Aadil

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

An Overview of Crop Hail Damage and Evaluation of Hail Suppression Efficiency in Bulgaria  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The space?time distribution of the crop hail loss-to-risk ratio over the whole. Bulgarian territory has been ascertained using the rank approach. The relationships between hailfall characteristics (sizes and kinetic energy) and the percentage of ...

Petio Simeonov

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

U.S. Exports to Bulgaria of Petroleum Coke (Thousand Barrels)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; 1999: 0: 0: 0: 181: 0: 0: 0: 0: 0: 195: 0: 0: 2000: 0: 203: 0: 0: 0: 0: 0: 0: 0: 0: 182: 0: ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "latvia romania bulgaria" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Romania - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

US EIA provides data, forecasts, country analysis brief and other analyses, focusing on the energy industry including oil, natural gas and electricity.

102

ISSN 1745-9648 Electricity Reform in Romania  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The complexes were created in 2004 by integrating the brown coal mine previously belonging to the Oltenia is around 45% coal, around 45% gas, and the remaining 10% mostly black oil. More than 50% of the thermo is a classic baseload technology, and coal-fired generation, while not so inflexible as nuclear, is usually

Feigon, Brooke

103

Romania - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet; World Oil Transit Chokepoints; ... A moratorium on shale gas exploration had been in place, but expired in December 2012 without being renewed.

104

Geography of the Former Soviet Union GEOG 399/REES 480, Fall 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Moldova), the Baltic States (Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia), the Caucasus (Azerbaijan, Georgia, Armenia

Peterson, Blake R.

105

TNCs and the Removal of Textiles and Clothing Quotas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pakistan ..Garment industry in Pakistan. In Joshi, Gopal, ed. ,Germany Mauritius Malaysia Pakistan Slovakia Mexico Latvia

Appelbaum, Richard P.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

untitled  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

- - - - - - - - Italy ... - - - 672 - 42 42 - 538 538 Korea, South ... - - - 19 - - - - 440 440 Latvia ......

107

EIA - Forecasts and Analysis of Energy Data  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

J: Regional Definitions J: Regional Definitions Figure J1. Map of the Six Basic Country Groupings. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. The six basic country groupings used in this report (Figure J1) are defined as follows: Mature Market Economies (15 percent of the 2005 world population): North America—United States, Canada, and Mexico; Western Europe—Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom; Mature Market Asia—Japan, Australia, and New Zealand. Transitional Economies (6 percent of the 2005 world population): Eastern Europe (EE)—Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro,

108

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2 Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2 Emissions Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2 Emissions Agency/Company /Organization: Oak Ridge National Laboratory Sector: Energy, Climate Topics: GHG inventory, Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset Website: cdiac.ornl.gov/trends/emis/meth_reg.html Country: United States, Canada, Mexico, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Luxembourg, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan, Iran, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Algeria, Egypt, South Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand

109

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Triples in Size to 16 Members |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nuclear Energy Partnership Triples in Size to 16 Members Nuclear Energy Partnership Triples in Size to 16 Members Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Triples in Size to 16 Members September 16, 2007 - 2:33pm Addthis Nations Sign On to International Cooperation for Safe Expansion of Nuclear Energy Worldwide VIENNA, AUSTRIA - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman and senior international officials from 16 nations today agreed to increase international nuclear energy cooperation through the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP). China, France, Japan, Russia and the United States, who are original GNEP partners, as well as Australia, Bulgaria, Ghana, Hungary, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, and Ukraine signed a "Statement of Principles", which addresses the prospects of expanding the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, including enhanced

110

Uranium production in Eastern Europe and its environmental impact: A literature survey  

SciTech Connect

A survey of the unclassified literature was made to determine the location, technology, throughput, and environmental status of the uranium mines and mills that have historically made up uranium production capability in Eastern Europe. Included in that survey were the following countries: the former German Democratic Republic (GDR), now part of a reunited Germany, Czechoslovakia, Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary, and Poland. Until recently, uranium was being produced in five of these six countries (Poland stopped production 20 years ago). The production began directly after World War II in support of weapons production in the Soviet Union. Eastern Europe has produced about two-thirds of the total Soviet uranium inventory historically, or about 330,000 metric tonnes of uranium (NM) [730 million pounds of uranium (MlbU)l out of a total of about 490,000 MTU (1090 NlbU).

Norman, R.E.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Student Research Workshop, RANLP 2009 -Borovets, Bulgaria, pages 2934 Improving the Output from Software that Generates Multiple Choice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and one at Swindon College. A further two mechanical apprentices and one electrical apprentice joined by IMechE, thereby joining the electrical apprentices who can be awarded Eng Tech by the Institute a bath of water, would provide the fuel for 200,000 kW-hours of electricity ­ the same as 70 tonnes

112

XI-th International Workshop on Optimization and Inverse Problems in Electromagnetism September 14 18, 2010, Sofia, Bulgaria  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of input data should be taken in account, like weather forecast, energy prices, load variation* *University of Grenoble, Grenoble Electrical Engineering Laboratory, 961 rue de la Houille Blanche, 38402 of electrical sources, solar panels, batteries...etc. To optimally anticipate the energy management a lot

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

113

Between Dada and Architecture: Marcel Janco in Zurich and Bucharest, 1916-1939  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Janco in Interwar Romania: Architect, Fine Artist, Theorist.Janco in Interwar Romania: Architect, Fine Artist, Theorist,Janco in Interwar Romania: Architect, Fine Artist, Theorist,

Avivi, Adele

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2011: Warning about the dangers of tobacco  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Belarus Belgium V Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria CroatiaBelarus Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina 6 Bulgaria Croatiacountry, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika

WHO

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

WHO European Country Profiles on Tobacco Control 2003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Belarus Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia DrBelarus Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria CroatiaEUR/03/5041305 Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina

World Health Organization

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

The Tobacco Epidemic in South-East Europe: Consequences and Policy Responses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Europe: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia,Europe, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia,FTC VAT WHO WHO HFA Bosnia and Herzegovina British American

Bozicevic, Ivana; Gilmore, Anna; Oreskovic, Stipe

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus* Czech Republic Denmark Faroe Islands Finland France ...

118

RAW MATERIALS USED FOR THE PHOSPHATE FERTILIZER PRODUCTION IN ROMANIA -NEW RADIOMETRIC DATA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The nature of phosphate fertilizer produced by sulfuric acid attack and the nature of phosphogypsum samples used in the production of phosphoric acid and phosphogypsum are given in Table 1. Table 1. Radio

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

119

Sociomorphologies: Un itinraire pdestre dans le centre-ville de Cluj-Napoca, Romania  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sve, B. (2010). De haut en bas. Philosophie des listes.Quelquun qui travaille l-bas me dit quavant 1989, ctaitnation roumaine, se trouve en bas-relief sur le pidestal de

Coman, Gabriela

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

The 'Circular' Piazza : landscape and history as architectural material : Constanta, Romania  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ideas. This thesis attempts to demonstrate that architecture, conceived from human experience, is a dual process of thinking and doing, in addition to being a building or a final product, and can occur at any scale of ...

Urma, Ioana Ruxandra, 1972-

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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121

Cofiring: technological option in Romania for promoting cleaner fossil fuels usage.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Co-firing refers to the simultaneous or alternative utilisation of two or more fuels in a combustion unit for the purpose of heat/power generation and it (more)

Marin, Bogdan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Temporal Variation of Aerosol Optical Properties at M?gurele, Romania  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Even though much research has been conducted regarding the study of atmospheric aerosols, significant uncertainties still exist in this direction. The uncertainties are related to different physical and microphysical properties of these fine ...

Laura Mihai; Sabina Stefan

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Proceedings of the Adaptation of Language Resources and Tools for Closely Related Languages and Language Variants, page 1, Hissar, Bulgaria, 13 September 2013.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

experiment with (a) a stan- dard phrase-based SMT decoder, and (b) a special- ized beam-search adaptation, and RANLP, and journals such as JAIR, TSLP, NLE and LRE. He received the Young Researcher Award at RANLP

124

Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, pages 364369, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 4-9 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,lvyajuan,sunmeng,liuqun}@ict.ac.cn Centre for Next Generation Localisation Faculty of Engineering and Computing, Dublin City University qliu and affixes differently. We employ stem as the atomic translation unit to alleviate data spare- ness.g., En- glish, Chinese). They assumed that word was the atomic translation unit (ATU), always ignoring

125

The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain BangladeshSlovenia Tunisia Mongolia Azerbaijan Austria Estonia LatviaCentral Asia Albania Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus Bosnia and

Kolp, Felicity Ann

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

TREC - 8 I nteractive T rack A ssessor ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Typhoon Fred 1994 23 Typhoon Doug 1994 24 Typhoon Seth 1994 414i 1 Soviet Union, Russia 2 China 3 Japan 4 Canada 5 Kazakhstan 6 Latvia ...

1999-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

127

International Energy Statistics  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Kazakhstan 195.355 Kyrgyzstan 7.793 Latvia 8.475 Lithuania 16.050 Moldova 6.467 Russia 1,788.136 ...

128

TREC - 8 I nteractive T rack T opics & assessor ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Instance# | | Instance gloss | | 1 Soviet Union, Russia 2 China 3 Japan 4 Canada 5 Kazakhstan 6 Latvia 7 Iran 8 South Korea 9 Portugal 10 Mexico ...

2000-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

129

International Energy Statistics - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Kazakhstan 1,605.9 Kyrgyzstan -0.8 Latvia 1 Lithuania 9.1 Moldova (s) Russia 10,397.0 Tajikistan 0.2 ...

130

TREC - 8 I nteractive T rack T opics & assessor ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 1 Soviet Union, Russia 2 China 3 Japan 4 Canada 5 Kazakhstan 6 Latvia 7 Iran 8 South Korea 9 Portugal 10 Mexico 11 Indonesia 12 Italy ...

1999-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

131

S earcherworksheet : P11_S4 Searcher: P11 Condition: Z ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

S earcherworksheet : P11_S4 Searcher: P11 Condition: Z Topic #: 414i 1. USSR, China, Japan, Canada, Russia 2. Kazakhstan, Latvia, Iran, South ...

1999-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

132

Essays on the politics of regulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Benin Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana BruneiTanzania Georgia Bosnia and Herzegovina Latvia YugoslaviaUkraine Cambodia Bosnia and Herzegovina Kazakhstan Turkey

Weymouth, Stephen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Essays on International Trade and Firm Business Strategies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TJK UKR UZB Albania Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus Bosnia andof Country Albania Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus Bosnia andLatvia Armenia Lithuania Azerbaijan Macedonia, FYR Belarus

Nakhoda, Aadil

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Risk Sharing, Financial integration, and "Mundell II" in the Enlarged European Union  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

those of Estonia, Hungary, Poland, and Slovenia. However,Hungary Latvia Lithuania Poland Slovakia Slovenia AustriaAlso, Slovenia and, in part, Poland show a relatively large

Boewer Bwer, Uwe

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Total Energy - Data - U.S. Energy Information Administration...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, North Korea, South Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia...

136

Ask a Scientist!  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, South Kosovo Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia Lebanon...

137

Reply to comment | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

current member states of the UN Commission on Science and Technology for development: Brazil Chile China Democratic Republic of Congo Cuba Finland France Ghana India Latvia...

138

Slide23 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

states of the UN Commission on Science and Technology for development: Brazil Chile China Democratic Republic of Congo Cuba Finland France Ghana India Latvia Lesotho Mauritius...

139

U.S. Imports from All Countries  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liberia Lithuania Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Midway...

140

untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 0 0 3 - 0 0 - 19 19 Japan ... - 0 -7 - - -6 -6 0 0 0 Korea, South ... - 0 -2 0 - 0 0 0 3 3 Latvia ......

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141

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

- - - Italy ... - - 160 1,646 - 5,331 5,331 - 399 399 Korea, South ... - - - 86 - 536 536 - 893 893 Latvia...

142

International Services, Human Resources, Brookhaven National...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea, Republic of Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Monaco Netherlands New...

143

Europe  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2011 oil 2011 oil production (2) January 1, 2013 estimated proved oil reserves (3) 2013 EIA/ARI unproved shale oil technically recoverable resources (TRR) 2012 USGS conventional unproved oil TRR, including reserve growth (4) Total technically recoverable crude oil resources Europe 1,537 11,748 12,900 14,638 39,286 Bulgaria 1 15 200 Denmark 83 805 0 France 28 85 4,700 Germany 51 254 700 Netherlands 21 244 2,900 Norway 733 5,366 0 Poland 10 157 3,300 Romania 38 600 300 Spain 10 150 100 Sweden 4 - 0 United Kingdom 426 3,122 700 Former Soviet Union 4,866 118,886 77,200 114,481 310,567 Lithuania 3 12 300 Russia 5 3,737 80,000 75,800 Ukraine 29 395 1,100 North America 6,093 208,550 80,000 305,546 594,096 Canada 1,313 173,105 8,800 Mexico 1,080 10,264 13,100 United States 6 3,699 25,181 58,100 139,311 222,592 Asia and Pacific 2,866 41,422 61,000 64,362 166,784

144

Instances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... St Lucia, Y, Zimbabwe, Y, Bealiba, Y, Y, Poland, Y, Y, Bulgaria, Y, Y, Y, Ecuador, Y, ... St Lucia, Zimbabwe, Y, Bealiba, Poland, Y, Y, Y, Bulgaria, Y, Y, Y, ...

145

Building blocks for tobacco control: a handbook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

5. Belgium 6. Bosnia and Herzegovina 7. Bulgaria 8. Cyprus1% customs fee - Bosnia & Herzegovina imports 15%, other

World Health Organization - Tobacco Free Initiative

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Ukraine - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The remainder of the electric power is generated with conventional ... Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Moldova ... Installed Capacity ...

147

Use of econometrics in analysing the national educational system of Romania according to the standards of the European Union  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Defining the pre-university educational institution as fundamental unit of the national preuniversity educational system takes into account the social function of the pre-university educational institution in relation to the structures this can define ... Keywords: assembly of interaction variables, cybernetic model, econometric model, input vector, output vector, status vector

Ioan Constantin Dima; Mariana Man; Ciureu Vergil; Marius Petrescu; Laurentiu Baranga; Nicolaie N?brjoiu

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

The influence of technological factors on cow milk production in zootechnic ecosystems from Vrancea county in Romania  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increasing of cattle number from livestock ecosystems is a major objective in achieving feeding security of the human population. By the same time, the sustainable development of livestock is tightly linked to the protection, conservation and development ... Keywords: biotechnology, ecosystem, feeding security, holdings, management

Culai Dascalu; Alexandru T. Bogdan; Alexandru ?onea; Paul Rodian T?p?loag?; Sorin Sergiu Chelmu; Cristinel ?onea; Radu Burlacu; Ion Constantinescu; Costel Ilie; Elisabeta Claudia Dasc?lu; Stefan Nastasie; Dan Tapus

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

J. Phys. III1 (1991) 759-776 MAT 1991, PAGE 759 Classification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mecanica, Termbtehnica, Polytechnic Instituie of Bucarest, Bucarest 79590, Romania (Received 5 Oclober1989

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

150

J. Phys. III France 2 (1992) 1925-1941 OCTOBER 1992, PAGE 1925 Classification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Badescu Mecanica, Termotehnica, Polytechnic Institute of Bucarest, Bucarest 79590, Romania (Received 7

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

151

S earcherworksheet : P5_S4 Searcher: P5 Condition: C Topic ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

S earcherworksheet : P5_S4 Searcher: P5 Condition: C Topic #: 414i 1. Soviet Union Russia 2. China 3. Japan 4. Canada 5. Kazakhstan 6. Latvia 7 ...

1999-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

152

Fermi 3/29/02  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of folksongs that are central to Latvia's cultural identity. Dr. Onno Purbo of Indonesia and his students are on a mission to create a national network of Internet cafes to...

153

Environmental Impact Assesment in the Baltic Countries and Poland -- Screening and Quality Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In The Baltic Countries And Poland - Screening And QualityIn The Baltic Countries And Poland - Screening And QualityLatvia, Lithuania and Poland. All four of these countries

Marriott, A.; Doughty, M.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

- Italy ... - - 160 2,170 - 5,439 5,439 - 3,575 3,575 Korea, South ... - - 106 86 - 830 830 - 1,716 1,716 Latvia...

155

Eesti Energia, Latvenergo, Lietuvos Energija, Elkraft System and COWI -financed by the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sectors in the Baltic States are undergoing reform processes to meet the requirements of the EU directives Energetics in Latvia, and the Danish consultants COWI and RAM-løse edb. The project was managed by the East

156

The Theory of Human Development: A Cross-Cultural Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ex- Yugoslavia Middle East Bosnia-Herzegovina Albania IranBangladesh, Bosnia- Herzegovina, Colombia, Croatia, CzechBangladesh, Belarus, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria,

Welzel, Christian; Inglehart, Ronald; Klingemann, Hans-Dieter

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

International reserves management and the current account  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Barbados Belarus Bosnia & Herzegovina Botswana China CostaBelarus Bolivia Bosnia & Herzegovina Brazil Bulgaria CapeBelize Benin Bolivia Bosnia & Herzegovina Botswana Brazil

Aizenman, Joshua

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Correspondence:  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chemical composition and antifungal activity of essential oil of Salvia sclarea L. from Bulgaria against clinical isolates of Candida species Authors addresses: 1

Yana Hristova; Velizar Gochev; Juergen Wanner; Leopold Jirovetz; Erich Schmidt; Tania Girova; Andrei Kuzmanov; Kurt Kutzing Wallerstein; Velizar Gochev

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Relationship between perceived body weight and body mass index based on self- reported height and weight among university students: a cross-sectional study in seven European countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Janina Petkeviciene 6 , Francisco Guillen-Grima 7,8 AbstractS Ilieva (Bulgaria); F Guillen-Grima (Spain) and others.

Mikolajczyk, Rafael T; Maxwell, Annette E; El Ansari, Walid; Stock, Christiane; Petkeviciene, Janina; Guillen-Grima, Francisco

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Capital and chaos : fragile states, political risk and foreign direct investment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

country. Firms from Azerbaijan, France, Israel, theArmenia Australia Austria Azerbaijan Belgium Bulgaria Canadacountry. Firms from Azerbaijan, France, Israel, the

Graham, Benjamin A. T.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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161

Apex Solar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Apex Solar Place Sofia, Bulgaria Zip 1616 Sector Solar Product Bulgarian PV and solar thermal project developer and installer. References Apex Solar1 LinkedIn Connections...

162

Mercantilist Development in Russia: The Legitimacy of State Power, State Identity, and the Energy Charter Regime (1990 - 2010)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Restrictions on Natural Gas Imports from Russia, Paperand dependency on oil and gas imports growing and suppliesreductions in natural gas imports were 54% for Bulgaria, 86%

Barkanov, Boris

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Fermilab Today  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a number of countries (Bulgaria, Hungary, the Czech and Slovak republics, and Poland) of the new Europe. Read more Safety Tip West Nile Virus Update Mosquito trap Several...

164

Suffer a Scratch to Avoid a Blow? Why Post-communist Parties in Eastern Europe Introduce Lustration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by XX in Hungary and Poland with the following politicians:inaction in Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland, and in two Romanianmost important politicians in Poland, Hungary, and the Czech

Kaminski, Marek M.; Nalepa, Monika

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

N-soliton train and generalized complex Toda chain for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy, 1784 Sofia, Bulgaria, e-mail: ...... V. E. Zakharov, S. V. Manakov, S. P. Novikov, and L. P. Pitaevskii, Theory of...

166

Sensitivity analysis in linear semi-infinite programming via partitions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

... of Physics and Mathematics, UDLA, 72820 San Andrs Cholula, Puebla, Mex- ico. On leave from IMI-BAS, Sofia, Bulgaria. E-Mail: maxim.todorov@udlap.mx.

167

Bismuth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 2   World mine and refinery production of bismuth by country...Bulgaria, the German Democratic Republic, Greece, Mozambique,

168

Press Pass - Press Release - LHC First Beam  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden,...

169

Addendum: Representations and Certifications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bulgaria, Canada, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Korea (Republic of),...

170

Annex B Countries List  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Annex B Countries Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Canada Croatia Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France (including Monaco) Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy...

171

Nepheline syenites and related magmatic fluids in the Ditr u Alkaline Massif, Transylvania, Romania Andrs Fall *, Robert J. Bodnar and Csaba Szab  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

correlate most closely with thermonatrite (156 and 1062 cm , Na CO ·H O), trona (164 and 1060 cm ,2 3 2 -1

Bodnar, Robert J.

172

Indirect NMR detection of 235U in gaseous uranium hexafluoride National Center for Physics, P.O. Box MG-6, Bucharest, Romania  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

L-493 Indirect NMR detection of 235U in gaseous uranium hexafluoride I. Ursu National Center- vation of235 U NMR signal in liquid UF6 at B = 11.747 T has been recently reported [7]. The aim of this Letter is to investigate the effect of the 23 5U enrichment on the 19F NMR spectra in gaseous UF6. Using

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

173

This book has been optimized for viewing at a monitor setting of 1024 x 768 pixels.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; Bâle is the usual spelling among French speakers. Basescu, Traian. (1951­) President of Romania (2004

Olson, Mark

174

No Slide Title  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Amended * Current Agreements in Force (Continued): - Indonesia - Japan - Kazakhstan - Korea, Republic of - Morocco - Norway - Romania - South Africa - Switzerland - Thailand -...

175

No Slide Title  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

* Current Agreements in Force (Continued): - Indonesia - Japan - Kazakhstan - Korea, Republic of - Morocco - Norway - Romania - South Africa - Switzerland - Thailand -...

176

Energy Blog | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5, 2011 5, 2011 "Smart Windows" seen at light and dark settings. | Photo Courtesy of SAGE Electrochromics, Inc., by Susan Fleck Photography Making Smart Windows Smarter This new type of glass that could drastically help you control the temperature of your home. "Smart windows" could save 1 quadrillion BTUs of energy each year - more than 1 percent of the nation's annual energy consumption, or more than $10 billion in annual energy costs. April 4, 2011 Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman meets with President Zatlers of Latvia | DOE photo: Ken Shipp Deputy Secretary of Energy Meets with President of Latvia Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman met with President Zatlers of Latvia. Read more. April 4, 2011 The Florida International University team | courtesy of the FIU team

177

Abstract--Electrical Distribution Systems (EDS) are facing ever-increasing complexity due to fast growing demand and large  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of challenges for technological research. Indeed, the EU long- term vision on future grids, European Smartgrids, Bucharest, Romania [11] European Smartgrids Technology Platform, Vision and Strategy for Europe

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

178

International Energy Statistics - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Per Capita Carbon Dioxide Emissions from the Consumption of Energy ... Portugal 5.601 5.220 5.455 5.049 5.035 Romania ...

179

International Energy Statistics - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

CO2 Emissions ; Carbon Intensity ; Energy Intensity ; Conversions ; ... Portugal 0 0 0 0 0 Romania 38,496 39,441 ...

180

International Energy Statistics - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

CO2 Emissions ; Carbon Intensity ; Energy Intensity ; Conversions ; ... Portugal 71.723 53.262 39.933 49.652 61.014 Romania ...

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181

International Energy Statistics - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

CO2 Emissions ; Carbon Intensity ; Energy Intensity ; ... Portugal 10.643 10.677 10.708 10.736 10.760 Romania 22.106 22 ...

182

International Energy Statistics - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

CO2 Emissions ; Carbon Intensity ; Energy Intensity ; Conversions ; ... Portugal 44.788 43.429 47.342 51.915 49.918 Romania ...

183

International Energy Statistics - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

CO2 Emissions ; Carbon Intensity ; Energy Intensity ; Conversions ; ... Portugal 0 0 0 0 0 Romania 2.225 2.225 ...

184

Homepage of Serban Misicu at ANL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

University, New Orleans, Louisiana. 1996-2005, Senior Researcher, National Institute for Nuclear Physics and Engineering, Bucharest-Magurele, Romania 1997-1998, Senior Scientist,...

185

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Peru; Aug 2013; Bolivia; Aug 2013; Italy; Aug 2013; Romania; Aug 2013; Ghana; Aug 2013; See Today in Energy articles on international topics. Who are the major ...

186

Record of Decision for the Final EIS on Proposed Nuclear Weapons...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bangladesh Brazil Chile Colombia Greece Indonesia Iran Jamaica Malaysia Mexico Pakistan Peru Philippines Portugal Romania Slovenia South Africa South Korea Thailand Turkey Uruguay...

187

Country Names used in SPIRES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nigeria North Korea Norway Oman Pakistan Palestine Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Poland Polynesia Portugal Qatar Romania Russia Rwanda Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia and...

188

Building and Fire Publications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Canada, Japan, Poland, Romania and China are actively restructing their regulations to embrace performance-based codes in the next three to five ...

189

Approccio dinamico per l'analisi d'affidabilita applicato al sistema acqua servizi di una centrale nucleare di tipo CANDU.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??La tesi riguarda lo studio del sistema acqua servizi della centrale nucleare di Cernavoda (Romania) al fine di migliorare la sicurezza delle prossime unit di (more)

PISTELLI, SERGIO

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Solar Wind | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind Jump to: navigation, search Name Solar Wind Place Krasnodar, Romania Zip 350000 Sector Solar, Wind energy Product Russia-based PV product manufacturer. Solar Wind manufactures...

191

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Inaugural Steering Group Meeting...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ghana, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Poland, Republic of Korea, Romania, Russia, Slovenia and Ukraine and three international organizations as...

192

Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mozambique, Nicaragua, Peru, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, South Africa, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Tunisia, Uganda, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Zimbabwe Western...

193

2012 Microgrid Workshop Summary Released | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

participants from 8 foreign countries (Belgium, Canada, Germany, Greece, Japan, South Korea, Romania, and the UK). Addthis Related Articles Smart Grid R&D Program Peer Review...

194

Experiments Simulating ITER Rampdown and Startup Scenarios in the DIII-D Tokamak (A26479)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proc. Of 36th EPS Conference On Controlled Fusion And Plasma Physics, Sofia, Bulgaria (2009)36th EPS Conference on Controlled Fusion and Plasma Physics Sofia, BU, 2009999616235

Jackson, G.L.

2009-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

195

UNAIDS RepoRt oN the globAl AIDS epIDemIc | 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Australia Azerbaijan Bangladesh Belarus Belize Brazil Bulgaria Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Colombia Costa Indonesia Nicaragua Nigeria Pakistan 25­49% Azerbaijan Benin Bolivia Brazil Chile Democratic Republic Hungary Philippines Lebanon Republic of Korea Lithuania Tunisia Serbia Algeria Slovenia Azerbaijan Armenia

Lycan, Deborah E.

196

Statement of Limited Warranty Z125-4753-09 08/2006 Part 1 General Terms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

acquired the Machine" is replaced by: 1) "the laws of Austria" in Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus this heading: In Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Georgia, Hungary

197

Lidar Investigation of the Temporal and Spatial Distribution of Atmospheric Aerosols in Mountain Valleys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lidar experiments were conducted in the mountainous region of Bulgaria to determine the spatial and temporal distribution of major aerosol sources and the zones of aerosol accumulation. When these lidar data are combined with conventional ...

Plamen B. Savov; Toni S. Skakalova; Ivan N. Kolev; Francis L. Ludwig

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

International Energy Statistics  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Bosnia and Herzegovina 3.831 3.974 3.660 3.706 3.911 Bulgaria 13.561 15.130 14.838 14.615 14.737 ...

199

Solar Hold | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar Hold Jump to: navigation, search Name Solar-Hold Place Sofia, Bulgaria Sector Solar Product Bulgarian solar project developer; as of September 2007, seeking permit for 10x5MW...

200

BASIC Solar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Name BASIC Solar Place Bulgaria Product Project development SPV focused on utility-scale PV projects. References BASIC Solar1 LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "latvia romania bulgaria" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Dei Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OpenEI by expanding it. Dei Energy is a company located in Bulgaria . References "Dei Energy" Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleDeiEnergy&oldid344129"...

202

Export.gov - The Geopolitics of Israel's Offshore Gas Reserves  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

analysts have noted that after buying DEPA and after the launching of the South Stream gas pipeline in the future, Greece, Bulgaria, Serbia, and Croatia will all come under the...

203

Export.gov - Turkey Webinar - Transcript  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Iraq, Syria and then on over to Europe where they have Greece and Bulgaria. The flip side or the advantage of being in this neighborhood is that...

204

Towards an Assessment of Public Library Value: Statistics on the Policy Makers' Agenda  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents methodology, early findings, possible applications of results and lessons learnt from the research study "Public libraries: value, trust and satisfaction". The study was conducted in Latvia as the part of the impact assessment plan ... Keywords: Information Ecology, Information Needs, Public Libraries, Satisfaction, Trust, Value

Kristine Paberza

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

ABSORPTION HEAT PUMP IN THE DISTRICT HEATING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;ABSORPTION HEAT PUMP IN THE DISTRICT HEATING PLANT Dr.sc.ing. Agnese Lickrastina M.Sc. Normunds European Heat Pump Summit 2013, Nuremberg, 15-16.10.2013 · Riga District Heating company · Operation #12;JSC RGAS SILTUMS · the biggest District Heating company in Latvia and in the Baltic states

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

206

www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the immediate natural gas demand of Latvia but also re-fills the Latvian underground gas storage facility-filling of the storage for winter - Inculkalns facility failure - total disruption (winter) - 5% reliant on natural gas in place designed to mitigate the effects of a disruption. Keywords Natural Gas, security of supply, Baltic

Aickelin, Uwe

207

East Coast (PADD 1) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

198 119 2004-2013 Japan 4 4 2 109 5 291 1993-2013 Kazakhstan 126 151 44 1995-2013 Korea, South 249 335 211 112 96 1995-2013 Kyrgyzstan 1995-2003 Latvia 332 328 320 324 322...

208

Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

870 1,250 919 437 1995-2012 Kazakhstan 5,242 3,812 8,513 10,328 4,693 2,917 1995-2012 Korea, South 4,501 5,936 5,372 6,401 8,785 7,044 1993-2012 Kyrgyzstan 16 1995-2010 Latvia...

209

Romanian e-learning experience in ecological agriculture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ecolearning is the first research project to test the methodology for e-learning training to organic producers in Romania. Given the necessary equipment (computer + software properly) and opportunities for farmers in Romania, Ecolearning address to: ... Keywords: e-learning, ecological agriculture, training courses

Daniela Cristiana Alexandrescu; Ion Toncea; Valentina Ofelia Robescu

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Hydroenergy Company Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydroenergy Company Ltd Hydroenergy Company Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Hydroenergy Company Ltd Place 2700 Blagoevgrad, Bulgaria Sector Hydro, Renewable Energy, Solar Product Invests in, develops and implements integrated turn-key projects in the renewable energy sector in Bulgaria. Core focus is small hydropower plants (SHPS) and photovoltaic/solar/ power stations (PVPS). References Hydroenergy Company Ltd[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Hydroenergy Company Ltd is a company located in 2700 Blagoevgrad, Bulgaria . References ↑ "Hydroenergy Company Ltd" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Hydroenergy_Company_Ltd&oldid=346718

211

Review: 1991 industry developments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is NUEXCO`s annual summary of the previous year`s (1991) events. There are reviews of major nuclear developments in each continent, as well as international developments. Specific topics include fuels, waste management, new facilities, and decommissioning. Nuclear activities in the following countries are noted: South Africa, Yemen, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Namibia, France, Japan, Taiwan, China, Korea, India, Pakistan, Federal Republic of Germany, Spain, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Italy, Czechoslovakia, United Kingdom, Switzerland, Canada, USA, Argentina, Brazil, and Uraguay.

NONE

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

GNEP Ministerial Attendees  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Senior Delegation Officials From All GNEP Participants Senior Delegation Officials From All GNEP Participants GNEP PARTNERS Australia John Carlson, Director General, Australian Safeguards and Non-Proliferation Office Bulgaria Chavdar Zhechev, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Bulgaria to the United Nations China Chen Deming, Vice Chairman, National Development and Reform Commission France Alain Bugat, Chairman, French Atomic Energy Commission Ghana Joseph Adda, Minister for Energy Hungary József Rónaky, Director General, Hungarian Atomic Energy Authority Japan Yukiya Amano, Ambassador, Permanent Mission of Japan to the International Organizations in Vienna Jordan Khaled Toukan, Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research Kazakhstan Kayrat Abdrakhmanov, Ambassador Extraordinary

213

The Gains from Privatization in Transition Economies: Is "Change of Ownership" Enough?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia; 1991: Croatia, Macedonia, Slovenia; 1992: Armenia, Azerbaijan) Belarus, Moldova, Russia, Ukraine Caucasus (6) Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia Central Asia (7) Kazakhstan: Croatia, Macedonia, Slovenia. 1992: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz

214

Legal and Economic Factors Determining Success and Failure in the Fight against Organized Crime: An Empirical Assessment of the Palermo Convention  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

e.g. , Indonesia and Venezuela). This represents a change ofFede Paraguay Guatemala Venezuela, R Romania Croatia BrazilParaguay Guatemala Venezuela, R Yemen, Rep. Albania Ecuador

Buscaglia, Edgardo

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

International Energy Statistics - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Poland 368.456 462.2 506.6 Portugal 224.131 237.0 252.2 Romania 298.187 260.8 218.7 Serbia 55.956 ...

216

Good Luck on Finals! Oldest and Largest  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

experiences with gas cooled reactors devoted to military plutonium production. In the 1960s France altered its Romania did undertake some, at the time undeclared, research into plutonium separation, producing minute

217

First results of SEE-GRID-SCI application CCIAQ  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Intensive long-term meteorological modeling took place over an area covering Bulgaria with resolution of 10 km. The climatic version of the operational weather forecast model ALADIN was applied for simulating 3 time slices: 1960-2000, 2020-2050 and 2070-2100, ...

Dimiter Syrakov; Valery Spiridonov; Kostadin Ganev; Maria Prodanova; Andrey Bogachev; Nikolai Miloshev; Kiril Slavov

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Efficient nonlinear Bayesian survey design using DN optimization Darrell Coles1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Govedartsi Valley on the northwest slope of Rila Mountain in southwest Bulgaria (Donev et al. 1996, 1998. These two wind regimes impact diel O3 con- centration patterns as discussed by Donev et al. (1996). A second part of Rila Mountain (Zeller et al. 1992, 1997; Donev et al. 1996, 1998, 1999), the highest mountain

219

Global analysis of reptile elevational diversitygeb_528 541..553  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

al. 1966, KaBisch, engelMann 1969, 1970, angelov et al. 1972a, 1972b, 1972c, donev 1984a, 1984b, toMov 1990, Mitov 1995, donev et al. 2005). Balkan wall lizard (Podarcis tauricus) and Green lizard (Lacerta (Reptilia: Lacertidae) from South Bulgaria Ivelin Mollov1 , Peter Boyadzhiev2 , atanas Donev2 1 Paisii

McCain, Christy M.

220

ACTA ZOOLOGICA BULGARICA Acta zool. bulg., Suppl. 4, 2012: 129-136  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12; % 2 #12;Atanas Donev, Ivelin Mollov, Michail Kechev 110 4 1 1 $ #12;#12;5 +6 % $ 7 $ 3 #12; : (Diptera)% ' #12;Atanas Donev, Ivelin Mollov, Michail Kechev 112 #12; #12;$ 2@ $5 TO THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE TROPHIC SPECTRUM OF THREE SPECIES OF LACERTID LIZARDS FROM SOUTH BULGARIA Atanas D. Donev

Mollov, Ivelin Aldinov

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "latvia romania bulgaria" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

CURRENT ISSUES IN INTERNATIONAL RURAL DEVELOPMENT PUBLISHED BY THE SWEDISH UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES DECEMBER 2002 CURRENTS GOES EAST  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

John's Argentina Buenos Aires Armenia Yerevan Australia Canberra Austria Vienna Azerbaijan Baku on this region. You should be prepared to locate each country on the map. Albania Armenia Austria Azerbaijan Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Bosnia-Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Czech Republic Estonia Georgia Greece

222

Phytologia (December 2012) 94(3)310 GEOGRAPHIC VARIATION IN LEAF OILS OF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the taxa is useful to understand the distribution (Fig. 1). #12;Phytologia (December 2012) 94(3) 311 Figure 1. Distribution of J. deltoides with the Bulgaria population indicated by a star; Italy, Greece at Baylor University (BAYLU). Isolation of Oils - Air dried leaves (200 g) were steam distilled for 2 h

Adams, Robert P.

223

Dirk Windelberg NANO-GEOMETRY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dirk Windelberg NANO-GEOMETRY detection of `unknown' pattern September 12th, 2008, Varna (Bulgaria Universit¨at Hannover #12;D.Windelberg: nano geometry marten4.tex (14. Januar 2010) 1 My lecture for solving the question: " was a given antique originally produced by van Gogh?" #12;D.Windelberg: nano

Windelberg, Dirk

224

A 2D nanosphere array for atomic spectroscopy M. Romanelli(1)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A 2D nanosphere array for atomic spectroscopy M. Romanelli(1) , I. Maurin, P. Todorov(2) , Chia boulevard, 1784 Sofia, Bulgaria (3) permanent address: National Central University, Jung-Li City, Taoyuan medium, such as a photonic crystal, with an atomic gas. Here, we discuss the first step of this program

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

225

Direct links to thousands of websites, yours too? enter (a part of) name  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oct 1) GA, USA : Glass Build (Sep 30 until Oct 2) AZ, USA : Building Components (Sep 30 until Oct 2) Belarus : Packaging Forum (Sep 29 until Oct 2) Bulgaria : Stroytech (Sep 28 until Oct 3) TN, USA : NHLA.9% in Europe but grew by 3.2% in the CIS (see graph 1). Linked directly with demand, production fell

226

Lidar Observations of Sea-Breeze and Land-Breeze Aerosol Structure on the Black Sea  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes results of a lidar study of sea-breeze behavior near Akhtopol in the southeastern corner of Bulgaria. The lidar site was a few hundred meters from the western shore of the Black Sea. Analyses are presented of vertical cross ...

I. Kolev; O. Parvanov; B. Kaprielov; E. Donev; D. Ivanov

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

N-adic Summation-Shrinking Generator Basic properties and empirical evidences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

" Faculty of Artillery and Air Defense, Shoumen, Bulgaria Phone: +359 54 4 64 38 e-mail: bedzhev@mail.pv to provide high performance velocity and cost-effective hardware implementation, then the crypto reliability is building devices with high crypto reliability combining in some appropriate way crypto vulnerable, but fast

228

Nadic SummationShrinking Generator Basic properties and empirical evidences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

'' Faculty of Artillery and Air Defense, Shoumen, Bulgaria Phone: +359 54 4 64 38 e­mail: bedzhev@mail.pv to provide high performance velocity and cost­effective hardware implementation, then the crypto reliability is building devices with high crypto reliability combining in some appropriate way crypto vulnerable, but fast

229

Foreign Distribution of U.S. Coal by Major Coal-Exporting States and Destination  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 2 (Thousand Short Tons) " " Coal-Exporting State and Destination ",,"Metallurgical ","Steam ","Total "," " "Alabama ",,3977,"-",3977," " ," Argentina ",225,"-",225," " ," Belgium ",437,"-",437," " ," Brazil ",1468,"-",1468," " ," Bulgaria ",75,"-",75," " ," Egypt ",363,"-",363," " ," Germany ",71,"-",71," " ," Italy ",61,"-",61," " ," Netherlands ",219,"-",219," " ," Spain ",415,"-",415," " ," Turkey ",362,"-",362," "

230

USAID Europe and Eurasia Climate Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Eurasia Climate Program and Eurasia Climate Program Jump to: navigation, search Name USAID Europe and Eurasia Climate Program Agency/Company /Organization U.S. Agency for International Development Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Website http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/ Country Armenia, Republic of Macedonia, Russia, Ukraine, Poland, Kazakhstan, Hungary, Turkey, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Lithuania, Estonia, Latvia, Azerbaijan, Tajikistan Western Asia, Southern Europe, Eastern Europe, Eastern Europe, Eastern Europe, Central Asia, Eastern Europe, Western Asia, Central Asia, Central Asia, Northern Europe, Northern Europe, Northern Europe, Western Asia, Central Asia References USAID Regional Climate Programs[1]

231

Abstracts: Constructivity, Complexity, and Fuzziness (CCF '99)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

s: Constructivity, Complexity, and Fuzziness (CCF '99) D.S. Bridges, C.S. Calude and L.S. Dediu (Editors) CDMTCS-110 July 1999 Centre for Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science Constructivity, Complexity, and Fuzziness (CCF '99) University "Dunarea de Jos" Galati, Romania 26--28 August 1999 Abstracts D.S. Bridges, C.S. Calude, L.S. Dediu (Editors) Introduction These are the abstracts of talks to be given at the Workshop CCF '99 (Constructivity, Complexity, and Fuzziness) to be held at the University "Dunarea de Jos", Galati, Romania, on 26--28 August 1999. The workshop was organised by the University "Dunarea de Jos", Galati, Romania, the Centre for Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science, University of Auckland, New Zealand and the Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand. In most cases the abstract refers to a single lecture on an aspect of one of the three subjects in the title of the ...

D. S. Bridges; D. S. Bridges; L.S. Dediu (eds.); C.S. Calude; C. S. Calude; L. S. Dediu (editors; L. S. Dediu (editors

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Elektra Holding | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Elektra Holding Elektra Holding Jump to: navigation, search Name Elektra Holding Place Sofia, Bulgaria Sector Biomass, Hydro, Solar, Wind energy Product A company owned by a group of Spanish families operating in Bulgaria, Ukraine, Belarus, Cyprus and Mexico developing wind, small hydro, biomass and solar. Coordinates 42.697085°, 23.32455° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.697085,"lon":23.32455,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

233

file://C:\Documents%20and%20Settings\ICR\My%20Documents\Coal\Di  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 2 (Thousand Short Tons) Coal-Exporting State and Destination Metallurgical Steam Total Alabama 3,977 - 3,977 Argentina 225 - 225 Belgium 437 - 437 Brazil 1,468 - 1,468 Bulgaria 75 - 75 Egypt 363 - 363 Germany 71 - 71 Italy 61 - 61 Netherlands 219 - 219 Spain 415 - 415 Turkey 362 - 362 United Kingdom 282 - 282 Kentucky 1,404 - 1,404 Canada 433 - 433 Italy 227 - 227 Netherlands 468 - 468 United Kingdom 276 - 276 Pennsylvania 391 10,295 10,867 Belgium - 251 251 Brazil 187 - 189 Canada 50 8,548 8,766 France - 307 307 Germany 153 195 348 Ireland - 383 383 Jamaica - 87 87 Morocco - 134 134 Netherlands - 269 269 Norway - - 5 Peru - - 6 Portugal - 121 121 Utah - 917 917 Japan - 917 917 Virginia 2,787 - 2,787 Belgium 288 - 288 Brazil 792 - 792 Bulgaria 70 - 70 Canada 138 - 138

234

Reforming the Power Sector in Transition: Do Institutions Matter?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tempted to add additionalgenerationcapacitythroughmeaningfulpowersectorreformsinthelurch towardsreducingenergydependency. As of 1989, numerous nuclear reactors in Armenia, Bulgaria, Lithuania, Russia, Slovakia... relationshipbetweencountrylevelinstitutionsandpowersectorreforms Although the neoclassical economic theory considers both competition and privatization as the core aspects of amarket economy; the outcomes cannot be guaranteed to be Pareto efficient in the absence of proper institutional...

Nepal, Rabindra; Jamasb, Tooraj

235

Foreign Distribution of U.S. Coal by Major Coal-Exporting States and Destination  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3" 3" "(Thousand Short Tons)" "Coal-Exporting State and Destination ",,"Metallurgical ","Steam ","Total " "Alabama ",,5156,"-",5156 ,"Argentina ",345,"-",345 ,"Belgium ",387,"-",387 ,"Brazil ",1825,"-",1825 ,"Bulgaria ",363,"-",363 ,"Egypt ",477,"-",477 ,"Germany ",167,"-",167 ,"Italy ",87,"-",87 ,"Netherlands ",399,"-",399 ,"Spain ",198,"-",198 ,"Turkey ",551,"-",551 ,"United Kingdom ",359,"-",359 "Kentucky ",,1449,"-",1449 ,"Canada ",566,"-",566

236

A theoretical approach for dynamic modelling of sustainable development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article presents a theoretical model for a dynamic system based on sustainable development. Due to the relatively absence of theoretical studies and practical issues in the area of sustainable development, Romania aspires to the principles of sustainable ... Keywords: economic development, economic system, economic welfare, natural environment, resources scarcity, sustainable development

Corina-Maria Ene; Anda Gheorghiu; Anca Gheorghiu

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

An Unsupervised Language Independent Method of Name Discrimination Using Second  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

into the ambiguous name PD-PSD. People Traian Basescu is the current president of Romania, elected in 2004. His principal rival for the presidency was Adrian Nastase. Between 2000 and 2004 Basescu was the mayor by Traian Basescu. He was Prime Minister between 2000 and 2004. He is a member of the Partidul Social

Pedersen, Ted

238

Legitimacy strategies in the annual reports what turn to social responsibility in post-privatization context  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, this time of a more nationalist color: President Basescu: "No country privatizes its own oil. Romania has that President Basescu decided to make the contract public. At the end of the Supreme Council of Defense meeting ­ President Basescu intervenes to the Council of Competition. Petrom cancels the last raise of price

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

239

Energy performance implies measures from consumers to the energy supply sources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

All the efforts made in Romania concerning thermal rehabilitation were concentrated mainly towards the energy consumers. The results obtained are encouraging, plausible and sometimes even spectacular. Though looking at the whole system that these consumers ... Keywords: district heating systems, efficient measures for energy saving, energy performance certificate, thermal rehabilitation

Rodica Frunzulic?; Mirela Sanda ?oropoc

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Statement of Limited Warranty Part 1 General Terms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Austria Hungary Poland Azerbaijan Iceland Portugal Bahamas India Qatar Bahrain Indonesia Romania of this analysis, Serbia has sovereignty of Kosovo (BBC, 2008, June 21). Nagorono- Karabakh Azerbaijan Ethnic and Central Asia (for Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "latvia romania bulgaria" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

the atlas of ECONOMIC COMPLEXITY Hausmann, Hidalgo et al.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Croatia 490 New Zealand 486 Spain 482 Romania 482 Poland 481 Turkey 469 Azerbaijan 463 Chile 462 Thailand Chile 480 Thailand 472 Turkey 463 Georgia 455 Iran, Islamic Rep. of 453 Bahrain 449 Malta 446 Azerbaijan Centerpoint 500 Georgia 488 Malta 477 Trinidad and Tobago 471 Azerbaijan 462 Iran, Islamic Rep. of 457

Heller, Eric

242

The composition of the domestic waste in Timisoara  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Our study aims to present and analyse the data resulted from the analysis of municipal waste composition in Timisoara, Romania, in comparison with Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany. The present article is the outcome of a laborious work of researchers from ... Keywords: biological waste, ecology, municipal waste composition, recycling, waste economy, waste management

Iulia Para; Daniela Stanciu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Molecular evidence of Pleistocene bidirectional faunal exchange between Europe and the Near East: the case of the bicoloured  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

such as the Caucasus, southern Urals and western Asia (Cooper et al., 1995; Bilton et al., 1998; Nesbo et al., 1999 leucodon, Soricidae) populations ranging from France to Georgia. The aims of the study were to identify to north-western Turkey and a Near East clade distributed from Georgia to Romania; the two clades separated

Lehmann, Laurent

244

A social networking application for psycho-therapy support  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Diseases of modern society are felt by a growing number of citizens of the world and thus implicitly of Romania. These diseases have existed throughout history but are catalyzed by the functional and informational stress of the modern society. In this ... Keywords: AJAX, psychological counseling, ruby on rails technology, social networking

Robert Buchmann; Liana Stanca; Ioana Pop

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

New achievements for Romanian engineering training in modelling power systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The evolution of electric power system analysis methods followed the present technical problems and business needs of electric utilities in Romania, before EU integration. Present technical requirements and the current stage of power system analysis ... Keywords: computer applications, computer simulation, fourier analysis, modelling, power systems, training

Stefania Popadiuc; Frangiskos Topalis; Cristiana Geambasu

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Romanian power systems engineering towards EU integration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The evolution of electric power system analysis methods followed the present technical problems and business needs of electric utilities in Romania, before EU integration. Present technical requirements and the current stage of power system analysis ... Keywords: computer applications, computer simulation, fourier analysis, modelling, power systems, training

Stefania Popadiuc; Bogdan Popa; Frangiskos Topalis; Cristiana Geambasu

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Nuclear photonics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the planned new ?-beam facilities like MEGa-ray at LLNL (USA) or ELI-NP at Bucharest (Romania) with 1013 ?/s and a band width of ?E?/E??10 ?3 a new era of ? beams with energies up to 20MeV comes into operation

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Technical solution and GIS for improving the waste management in Sibiu surrouding area  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper creates a role model to simplify and streamline how waste management is currently in Romania. This model can be further improved and extended to larger scale. To begin an analysis was made concrete in the Sibiu Surroundings on the current ... Keywords: compactor, composting, database, management, redigitize, waste

Sorin Borza; Carmen Simion; Ioan Bandrea

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

New achievements for Romanian engineering training in modelling power systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The evolution of electric power system analysis methods followed the present technical problems and business needs of electric utilities in Romania, before EU integration. Present technical requirements and the current stage of power system analysis ... Keywords: Fourier analysis, computer applications, computer simulation, modelling, power systems, training

Stefania Popadiuc; Frangiskos Topalis; Cristiana Geambasu

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Testing of the CANDU Spent Fuel Storage Basket Package  

SciTech Connect

The paper described the results of testing for a CANDU Spent Fuel Storage Basket Package Prototype intended to be used for transport and storage of the CANDU spent fuel bundles within NPP CANDU Cernavoda, Romania. The results obtained proved that the objectives of those tests were achieved

Vieru, G.

2002-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

251

Thse prpare l'Institut FEMTO-ST (Dpartement Energie, UMR CNRS 6174) dans le cadre de la Fdration de Recherche FC LAB (FR CNRS 3539) et en cotutelle avec l'Universit de Cocody-Abidjan, Cte d'Ivoire  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,000/gm: $400M #12;Canadian CANDU reactor summary · 22 CANDU reactors in Canada · 8 were taken out-Canadian CANDU reactor summary · 12 reactors: Argentina (1), India (2), S. Korea (4), Pakistan (1), Romania (2 there will be 20 operating Canadian CANDU reactors · Reactors licensed for 40 years · Tritium is recovered from

252

The MichelsonMorley Experiment as a Primer on Validation 1 March 2002  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,000/gm: $400M #12;Canadian CANDU reactor summary · 22 CANDU reactors in Canada · 8 were taken out-Canadian CANDU reactor summary · 12 reactors: Argentina (1), India (2), S. Korea (4), Pakistan (1), Romania (2 there will be 20 operating Canadian CANDU reactors · Reactors licensed for 40 years · Tritium is recovered from

Stevenson, D. E. "Steve"

253

Control system for Kaplan hydro-turbine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In hydro power plants from Romania, there is a major interest for the implementation of digital systems for monitoring and control to replace the conventional control systems for power, frequency and voltage. Therefore is necessary to develop mathematical ... Keywords: Kaplan turbine, control system, turbine model

Matei Vinatoru; Eugen Iancu; Camelia Maican; Gabriela Canureci

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Magnetospheric lion roars W. Baumjohann1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnetospheric lion roars W. Baumjohann1 , E. Georgescu1,2 , K.-H. Fornacon3 , H. U. Auster3 , R. A Institut for Space Sciences, Bucharest, Romania 3 Institut fu? r Geophysik und Meteorologie, TU identical to the lion roars typically seen at the bottom of the magnetic troughs of magnetosheath mirror

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

255

Waveform and packet structure of lion roars W. Baumjohann1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Waveform and packet structure of lion roars W. Baumjohann1 , R. A. Treumann1 , E. Georgescu1Y2 , G, Garching, Germany 2 Institut for Space Sciences, Bucharest, Romania 3 Institut fu? r Geophysik und-called lion roars, typically seen by the Equator-S magnetometer at the bottom of the magnetic troughs

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

256

Assessing the environmental pollutant vector of combustion gases emission from coal-fired power plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Within the present industrial metabolism, electric and thermal energy production is one of the main consumers of fossil fuels. Coal is a natural resource and fossil fuel used in the coal-fired power plants in Romania. Unfortunately, beyond the environmental ... Keywords: coal-fired power plant, combustion gases, environmental impact, pollutant vector

Cornelia A. Bulucea; Andreea Jeles; Nikos E. Mastorakis; Carmen A. Bulucea; Constantin Brindusa

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

The Feed-Back from a Biodevices and Cellular Nano-Electronics Course Learned in an Electrical Engineering Faculty  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports the feed-back from a pilot new course, proposed in 2005 and accepted in 2006 for next years at the Polytechnic University of Bucharest, Romania, Faculty of Electronics, Microsystems Specialization at master studies. The BioNEC course ... Keywords: Bio-Learning, Electronics, Evaluation

Cristian Ravariu

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

United States and Latvian Governments Sign Agreement to Allow  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Latvian Governments Sign Agreement to Allow Latvian Governments Sign Agreement to Allow Nonproliferation and Threat Reduction Cooperation United States and Latvian Governments Sign Agreement to Allow Nonproliferation and Threat Reduction Cooperation April 25, 2005 - 12:25pm Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - As part of the Bush administration's ongoing efforts to secure vulnerable nuclear materials worldwide, the Department of Energy (DOE) and the Latvian Ministry of Environment signed an agreement today that will allow collaboration in nonproliferation and threat reduction areas. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman and Latvian Minister of Environment Raimonds Vejonis signed the agreement, which will provide for repatriation to Russia of Soviet/Russian-origin nuclear fuel from Latvia's shutdown research reactors at Salaspils; security enhancement of the reactor site

259

NEWTON, Ask a Scientist at Argonne National Labs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Internal Battery Resistance Change During Use Internal Battery Resistance Change During Use Name: Mikus Status: student Grade: 9-12 Country: Latvia Date: Spring 2012 Question: Does the internal resistance of a battery change if the battery is being discharged? Replies: Yes. Batteries play a lot of messy games with their internal resistance. The resistance can depend on temperature, percent-of-charge-remaining, recent history of current drain, and battery aging. Each kind of battery (lithium, alkaline, lead-acid, Ni-Cd, NiMH) has a different set of behaviors. I have seen a lithium battery, when suddenly asked to push a large load, allow its output voltage to drop a lot at first, because its internal resistance was high, because the battery was cold. Then the large current flowing through that internal resistance warmed up the battery, and the voltage delivered actually increased with time, for a little while.

260

Mazheikiai refinery modernization study. Final report. Volume 1. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

The study, conducted by Foster Wheeler Corporation, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency on behalf of Lithuania's Ministry of Energy. The Mazheikiai Oil Refinery is the only one in the Baltic Region and serves the needs of Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, and Kaliningrad. Before Lithuania's independence in 1990, the refinery was assured of crude supplies from Russia. However, since then the need has arisen to secure alternate sources of crude oil and the ability to process them. The purpose of the report is to provide recommendations to the Ministry of Energy for process improvements, environmental control measures, physical rehabilitation and energy conservation plans for the Mazheikiai Oil Refinery. This is Volume 1 of the study.

Not Available

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "latvia romania bulgaria" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Mazheikiai refinery modernization study. Executive summary. Export trade information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study, conducted by Foster Wheeler Corporation, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency on behalf of Lithuania's Ministry of Energy. The Mazheikiai Oil Refinery is the only one in the Baltic Region and serves the needs of Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, and Kaliningrad. Before Lithuania's independence in 1990, the refinery was assured of crude supplies from Russia. However, since then the need has arisen to secure alternate sources of crude oil and the ability to process them. The purpose of the report is to provide recommendations to the Ministry of Energy for process improvements, environmental control measures, physical rehabilitation and energy conservation plans for the Mazheikiai Oil Refinery. The volume contains the Executive Summary.

Not Available

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Mazheikiai refinery modernization study. Final report. Volume 3. Export trade information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study, conducted by Foster Wheeler Corporation, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency on behalf of Lithuania's Ministry of Energy. The Mazheikiai Oil Refinery is the only one in the Baltic Region and serves the needs of Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, and Kaliningrad. Before Lithuania's independence in 1990, the refinery was assured of crude supplies from Russia. However, since then the need has arisen to secure alternate sources of crude oil and the ability to process them. The purpose of the report is to provide recommendations to the Ministry of Energy for process improvements, environmental control measures, physical rehabilitation and energy conservation plans for the Mazheikiai Oil Refinery. This is Volume 3 of the study.

Not Available

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Mazheikiai refinery modernization study. Final report. Volume 2. Export trade information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study, conducted by Foster Wheeler Corporation, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency on behalf of Lithuania's Ministry of Energy. The Mazheikiai Oil Refinery is the only one in the Baltic Region and serves the needs of Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, and Kaliningrad. Before Lithuania's independence in 1990, the refinery was assured of crude supplies from Russia. However, since then the need has arisen to secure alternate sources of crude oil and the ability to process them. The purpose of the report is to provide recommendations to the Ministry of Energy for process improvements, environmental control measures, physical rehabilitation and energy conservation plans for the Mazheikiai Oil Refinery. This is Volume 2 of the study.

Not Available

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Decommssioning Of Research Reactor: Problemsand Experience  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The study of the preparation for decommissioning the Research Reactor in Salaspils (Latvia) and the experience of decommissioning the Research Reactor in Sosny (Belarus) show that the problem of decommissioning research reactors is acute for countries that have no NPPs or their own nuclear industry. It also is associated with regulatory framework, planning and design, dismantling technologies, decontamination of radioactive equipment and materials, spent fuel and radioactive waste management, etc. 1. INTRODUCTION According to the IAEA research reactor database, there are about 300 research reactors worldwide [1]. At present over 30% of them have lifetimes of more than 35 years, 60% of more than 25 years. After the Chernobyl accident, significant efforts were made by many countries to modernize old research reactors aiming, first of all, at ensuring safe operation. However, a large number of aging research reactors will be facing shutdown in the near future. The problem of decommis...

Alexander Mikhalevich

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Filip G. Kondev, Program Manager, Nuclear Data Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Filip G. Kondev Filip G. Kondev Program Manager, Argonne Nuclear Data Program Curriculum Vitae Name: Filip G. Kondev Current Address: Nuclear Engineering Division Argonne National Laboratory 9700 South Cass Avenue Argonne, IL 60439, USA Telephone: +1 (630) 252 4484 (office) Fax: +1 (630) 252 4978 (office) Filip G. Kondev E-mail: Education Ph.D Research School of Physical Science and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia Thesis title: "Interplay between intrinsic and Collective Motion in Tantalum Nuclei" Diploma (MSc) Plovdiv University, Plovdiv Bulgaria Thesis title: "Study of (γ,α) Photonuclear Reactions in the Giant Dipole Resonance Region" Employment Feb. 2004 - present Physicist, Nuclear Engineering Division,

266

IEC documents | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

IEC documents IEC documents IEC documents The U.S. Department of Energy has longstanding cooperative arrangements with foreign governments and international organizations in all areas of its mission - energy supply and security, science and technology, non-proliferation, and the environment, including promoting clean energy technologies to address climate change. The Department has over one hundred active commitments with 70-plus countries and 11 international organizations. Through this site, you can search and access the Department's library of active and historic (expired) commitments. Country or International Organization Algeria Argentina Armenia Australia Austria Bangladesh Belarus Belgium Botswana Brazil Bulgaria Canada CERN Chile China Colombia Costa Rica CSLF

267

Recent developments: Industry briefs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article is the `Industry Briefs` portion of Nuexco`s September 1992 `Recent Developments` section. Specific iems discussed include: (1) merger of Urangesellschaft and Interuran, (2) cessation of uranium mining in Bulgaria, (3) record operation of Limerick-2 and Tokai-2, (4) MRS in Wyoming, (5) low-level waste facilities at Perry, (6) closure of Trojan, (7) restart of Kozloduy-6, (8) agreements between Cogema and Minatom, (9) planning for a large nuclear power plant in Japan moves forward, (10) order of a new reactor at Civaux, (11) relicensing of Yankee Rowe, (12) operation of Bradwell-2, and (13) high-level waste management in Japan.

NONE

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Les technologies de l'information et de la communication au niveau mondial et en Roumanie dans les dernieres annees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The level of development of the electronic communication market and of the information technology, the indicators regarding the penetration of Internet and the level of penetration of the connections in wide band, the integration degree of the Tic application in the business area are crucial for the development of an informational society and for the creation of a society based on knowledge. Though the levels are still reduced their positive evolution reflects the attenuation of the gaps by Romania, comparatively to other countries.

Codat, Diana Sophia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

20 years of cosmic muons research performed in IFIN-HH  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the last two decades a modern direction in particle physics research has been developed in IFIN-HH Bucharest, Romania. The history started with the WILLI detector built in IFIN-HH Bucharest in collaboration with KIT Karlsruhe (formerly Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe). The detector was designed for measurements of the low energy muon charge ratio (geomagnetic field on the trajectories of positive and negative muons in air. In parallel, flux measurement, taking into account muon events with nergies > 0.4GeV, show a diurnal modulation of the muon flux. The analysis of the muon events for energies geomagnetic field, depending, in particular, of the primary mass. Based on the results, we can say that WILLI-EAS experiment could be used for testing the hadronic interaction models. Measurements of the high energy muon flux in underground of the salt mine from Slanic Prahova, Romania was performed using a new mobile detector developed in IFIN-HH, Bucharest. Consisting of 2 scintillator plates measuring in coincidence, the detector is installed on a van which facilitates measurements on different positions at surface or in underground. The detector was used to measure muon fluxes in different locations at surface or in underground. The detector was used to measure muon fluxes at different sites of Romania and in the underground of the salt mines from Slanic Prahova, Romania where IFIN-HH has a modern underground laboratory. New methods for the detection of cosmic ray muons are investigated in our institute based on scintillator techniques using optical fiber and MPPC photodyodes.

Mitrica, Bogdan [Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering - IFIN HH, Bucharest, P.O.B.MG-6 (Romania)

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

270

PIXE pollution studies across Europe  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We collected vegetation and soil samples from various locations along a route covering Eastern and Western Europe. We measured the level of elemental pollution in different places uniformly spread across the continent to determine which of them may have common sources. To achieve these objectives, samples were collected along the main roads from Romania to Portugal and analyzed using in-air PEE (Particle-Induced X-ray Emission).

Innegraeve, O.; Blanchet, X.; Muntele, C. I.; Muntele, I. C.; Zimmerman, R. L.; Popa-Simil, L. (Liviu); Voiculescu, D.; Racolta, P. M.; Ila, D.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Microbiology for enhanced oil recovery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U. S. Department of Energy has sponsored several projects to investigate the feasibility of using microorganisms to enhance oil recovery. Microbes from the Wilmington oilfield, California, were found to be stimulated in growth by polyacrylamide mobility-control polymers and the microbes also can reduce the viscosity of the polyacrylamide solutions. Microbes have been discovered that produce surface active molecules, and several mixed cultures have been developed that make low viscosity, non-wetting, emulsions of heavy oils (/sup 0/API oil deposits, in China for enhanced recovery of light oils and successful field tests have been conducted in Romania and Arkansas.

Donaldson, E.C.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Maxim I  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Maxim I. Boyanov Maxim I. Boyanov Address: Biosciences Division Argonne National Laboratory 9700 S. Cass Ave Argonne, IL, U.S.A. Phone: +1 (630) 252-8242 Fax: +1 (630) 252-9793 Email: mboyanov@anl.gov WWW: http://www.nd.edu/~mboyanov/ EDUCATION Ph.D.: Physics, University of Notre Dame, IN, U.S.A. 1996-2003 Dissertation: "XAFS spectroscopy studies of metal-ligand interactions at organic surfaces and in solution" Advisor: Prof. Bruce Bunker B.Sc., M.Sc.: Physics, University of Sofia, Bulgaria. 1991-1995 Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, IL, U.S.A. 1990-1991 M.Sc. Thesis: "Two new analytical solutions to the inverse ellipsometric problem" Advisor: Prof. Stoyan Russev Graduated: Magna Cum Laude PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE

273

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Regional definitions Regional definitions The six basic country groupings used in this report (Figure M1) are defined as follows: OECD (18 percent of the 2011 world population): OECD Americas-United States, Canada, Chile, and Mexico; OECD Europe-Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom; OECD Asia-Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand. Non-OECD (82 percent of the 2011 world population): - Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia (5 percent of the 2011 world population)-Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan,

274

幻灯片 1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

TSINGHUA TSINGHUA UNIVERSITY CCS related research activities in 3E (Energy, Environment and Economy Research Institute), Tsinghua Univ. Dr. Ruina XU, Prof. Wenying CHEN & Prof. Zongxin WU Tsinghua University May 30, 2008 TSINGHUA UNIVERSITY Outline * CCS related research projects - EU FP6 project -- Geocapacity - EU FP6 project -- COACH - Sino-UK cooperation -- NZEC - Sino-US cooperation * Progress of these projects TSINGHUA UNIVERSITY EU FP6 project -- GeoCapacity TSINGHUA UNIVERSITY GeoCapacity Partic. Number Participant Name Participant Short name Country 1 Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland GEUS Denmark 2 University of Sofia US Bulgaria 3 University of Zagreb RGN Croatia 4 Czech Geological Survey CGS Czech Republic 5 Institute of Geology at Tallinn University of Technology IGTUT Estonia

275

AUTI.-IoR(s,: S. A. Colgate, Jean Audouze, and William A. Fowler  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

AUTI.-IoR(s,: S. A. Colgate, Jean Audouze, and AUTI.-IoR(s,: S. A. Colgate, Jean Audouze, and William A. Fowler SUBMITTED TO: 15th International C o s m i c Ray Conference P l o v d i v , Bulgaria - August 13-26, 1977 \ . NOTICE lhis report WPE prepared as an ac=xmnt of work sponsored by the United Stater Government. Neither the United States nor the United Stater Energy Rcwvch and Cevelopment Administration, nor any of their employees, nor any of their contractors, rubmntracton o r thdr employees, makes any wmanty. ex;res or implied, o r asurns any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, eompletcneJs or usefulnea of any information, apparatus, product 01 process disclosed, or repreants that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. _ _ e By acceptance of this article for publication. the

276

Mepsolar AG aka Munich Energy Partners | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mepsolar AG aka Munich Energy Partners Mepsolar AG aka Munich Energy Partners Jump to: navigation, search Name Mepsolar AG (aka Munich Energy Partners) Place Munich, Germany Zip 81829 Product Develops utility scale PV projects in Spain and Bulgaria and plans also to launch a PV direct selling business for residential customers. Coordinates 48.136415°, 11.577531° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":48.136415,"lon":11.577531,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

277

Solarpro JSC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solarpro JSC Solarpro JSC Jump to: navigation, search Name Solarpro JSC Place Sofia, Bulgaria Zip 1504 Sector Services, Solar Product Senovo-based subsidiary of Kaolin which produces a-Si thin-film solar modules and provides EPC services for PV projects. Coordinates 42.697085°, 23.32455° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.697085,"lon":23.32455,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

278

Energy Solutions S A | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A A Jump to: navigation, search Name Energy Solutions S.A. Place PERNIK, Bulgaria Zip 2304 Sector Solar Product produces photovoltaic modules using mono- and poly-crystalline Si solar cells. Crystalline Si Coordinates 42.609668°, 23.037024° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.609668,"lon":23.037024,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

279

How Communities Manage Forests | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

How Communities Manage Forests How Communities Manage Forests Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: How Communities Manage Forests Agency/Company /Organization: FORZA Sector: Land Focus Area: Forestry Topics: Background analysis Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.rightsandresources.org/documents/files/doc_1687.pdf Country: Bhutan, Bulgaria, Nepal, Kyrgyzstan, United Kingdom, Slovenia, Switzerland, Vietnam UN Region: Central Asia, South-Eastern Asia, "Western & Eastern Europe" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

280

User:GregZiebold/Developing Country Programs Map | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Programs Map Programs Map < User:GregZiebold Jump to: navigation, search Zoom South America Central America North America Africa Central Africa Northern Africa Southern Africa Eastern Asia Southern Asia Asia/Pacific Central Asia Middle East Northern Asia Northern Europe Western Europe Southern Europe Programs & Projects Afghanistan 5 Albania 3 Algeria 6 Angola 1 Anguilla 1 Antigua and Barbuda 6 Argentina 12 Armenia 6 Aruba 3 Azerbaijan 2 Bahamas 6 Bahrain 2 Bangladesh 27 Barbados 9 Belize 8 Benin 3 Bhutan 7 Bolivia 4 Botswana 5 Brazil 37 Brunei 7 Bulgaria 2 Burkina Faso 7 Burundi 6 Cambodia 25 Cameroon 8 Cape Verde 4 Cayman Islands 1 Central African Republic 4 Chad 4 Chile 24 China 63 Colombia 26 Costa Rica 24 Croatia 1 Cuba 5 Democratic Republic of Congo 13

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "latvia romania bulgaria" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

International Energy Outlook 2001 - Nuclear  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Nuclear Power Nuclear Power picture of a printer Printer Friendly Version (PDF) Nuclear power is projected to represent a growing share of the developing world’s electricity consumption from 1999 through 2020. New plant construction and license extensions for existing plants are expected to produce a net increase in world nuclear capacity. Nuclear power plants generated electricity in 29 countries in 1999. A total of 433 nuclear power reactors were in operation (Figure 61), including 104 in the United States, 59 in France, and 53 in Japan. The largest national share of electricity from nuclear power was in France, at 75 percent (Figure 62). Belgium, Bulgaria, France, Lithuania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Sweden, Ukraine, and South Korea depended on nuclear power for at least 40

282

Kaolin AD | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kaolin AD Kaolin AD Jump to: navigation, search Name Kaolin AD Place Senovo, Bulgaria Zip 7038 Sector Solar Product Kaolin is Europe's fourth largest producer of silica sands and owns a Bulgarian solar power producer Solaria. Coordinates 43.650002°, 26.366699° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.650002,"lon":26.366699,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

283

Winslow Group | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Winslow Group Winslow Group Jump to: navigation, search Name Winslow Group Place Sofia, Bulgaria Zip Sofia - 1330 Sector Wind energy Product Real estate developer with a focus on Bulgarian market investing in wind and PV projects. Coordinates 42.697085°, 23.32455° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.697085,"lon":23.32455,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

284

Renewable Energy Projections as Published in the National Renewable Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewable Energy Projections as Published in the National Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Projections as Published in the National Renewable Energy Action Plans of the European Member States Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Renewable Energy Projections as Published in the National Renewable Energy Action Plans of the European Member States Agency/Company /Organization: European Environment Agency, Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Market analysis, Resource assessment, Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset Website: www.ecn.nl/docs/library/report/2010/e10069.pdf Country: Austria, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Germany, Denmark, Greece, Spain, Finland, France, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Portugal, Sweden, Slovenia, United Kingdom

285

The Office of Nuclear Energy Announces Central Europe Nuclear Safety  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Office of Nuclear Energy Announces Central Europe Nuclear The Office of Nuclear Energy Announces Central Europe Nuclear Safety Workshop in Prague The Office of Nuclear Energy Announces Central Europe Nuclear Safety Workshop in Prague October 3, 2011 - 2:04pm Addthis The Office of Nuclear Energy, in partnership with Czech Republic Ministry of Industry and Trade, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the State Agency for Nuclear Safety of the Czech Republic, and Argonne National Laboratory, is conducting a regional Nuclear Safety Workshop on Trends in Nuclear Power Plant Safety for Robust Civil Nuclear Programs on Oct. 10-13, 2011 in Prague. U.S. Ambassador Norman Eisen and Department of Energy Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy Dr. Pete Lyons will deliver speeches welcoming participants. Representatives from the Czech Republic, Bulgaria, Lithuania,

286

Category:Countries | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Countries Countries Jump to: navigation, search This category contains sovereign nations and uses the form Country. Pages in category "Countries" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 211 total. (previous 200) (next 200) A Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan B Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi C Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Comoros Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic D Democratic Republic of Congo Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic E Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea

287

Lead author:  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report contains three separate papers, each addressing selected issues concerning natural gas policy and security of gas supply in Europe. The over-arching themes are vulnerability (to supply disruptions, to supplier pricing power) and fragmentation; and measures designed to overcome them, namely interconnection and consolidation of bargaining power. The first paper contains a review of some of the economic effects of, and subsequent policy reactions to, the January 2009 cut of Russian gas supplies through the Ukraine Corridor, with a particular focus on Bulgaria and on EU policy. The second paper provides an analysis of the current state of gas relations between Ukraine and the Russian Federation, with a focus on the Ukrainian perspective and on recent political developments in that country. The third paper provides an analysis of the case for consolidating buyer power in line with the concept of an EU Gas Purchasing Agency. Keywords:

Edward Hunter Christie; Pavel K. Baev; Volodymyr Golovko

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

HUman MicroNucleus Project: International Database  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

stituto Nazionale per la Ricerca sul Molecular Toxicology Laboratory, Third Military Medical University, Chong Qing, China Laboratorio Dosimetria Biologica, Autoridad Regulatoria Nuclear, Buenos Aires, Argentina Auckland Cancer Society Research Centre, Auckland, New Zealand Institute for Medical Research end Occupational Health, Zagreb, Croatia Centro de Proteccion e Higiene de las Radiaciones, Havana, Cuba Department of Pharmacology, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy Cell Biology Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Mumbai, India Department of Radiation Oncology, Leo Jenkins Cancer Center, East Carolina University School of Medicine, Greenville, North Carolina Institute of Genetics and Cytology, Belarus Academy of Sciences, Minsk, Belarus Nacional Center of Hygiene, Medical Ecology and Nutrition, Sofia, Bulgaria Dipartimento di Agrobiologia e Agrochimica, Universita della Tuscia, Viterbo, Italy Institute fur Medizinische Strahlenbiologie, U

Comparison For Results; Stefano Bonassi; Michael Fenech; Cecilia L; Yi-ping Lin; Wushou Peter Chang; Nina Holl; Andrea Zijno

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

McCup | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

McCup McCup Jump to: navigation, search Name McCup Place Sofia, Bulgaria Zip 1680 Sector Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind energy Product String representation "McCUP is an inv ... Energy Society." is too long. Coordinates 42.697085°, 23.32455° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.697085,"lon":23.32455,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

290

NREL: Energy Analysis - Anelia Milbrandt  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Anelia Milbrandt Anelia Milbrandt Photo of Anelia Milbrandt. Anelia Milbrandt is a member of the Technology Systems and Sustainability Analysis Group in the Strategic Energy Analysis Center. She is also a member of the NREL International Studies Team. Senior Energy Resources Analyst On staff since 2003 Phone number: 303-275-4633 Email: anelia.milbrandt@nrel.gov Areas of expertise Biomass resource assessment Geospatial modeling and analysis Integrated resource, infrastructure, and market analysis Primary research interests Sustainable biomass resource development Global natural resources and population dynamics Renewable energy programs in developing countries Education and background training M.S. in geography, University of Sofia, Bulgaria, 1999 Prior work experience GIS Specialist, MN State Legislature, 2001 - 2003

291

file://G:\mydocs\Coal\Distribution\2003\distable2.HTML  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 3 (Thousand Short Tons) Coal-Exporting State and Destination Metallurgical Steam Total Alabama 5,156 - 5,156 Argentina 345 - 345 Belgium 387 - 387 Brazil 1,825 - 1,825 Bulgaria 363 - 363 Egypt 477 - 477 Germany 167 - 167 Italy 87 - 87 Netherlands 399 - 399 Spain 198 - 198 Turkey 551 - 551 United Kingdom 359 - 359 Kentucky 1,449 - 1,449 Canada 566 - 566 France 104 - 104 Iceland 53 - 53 Italy 139 - 139 Netherlands 268 - 268 Norway 14 - 14 United Kingdom 304 - 304 Pennsylvania 476 8,251 8,820 Australia - 81 81 Belgium - 188 188 Brazil 85 - 87 Canada 203 6,622 6,893 Costa Rica - 40 40 Denmark - 184 184 Dominican Republic - 19 20 France - 193 193 Germany 89 - 89 Ireland - 148 148 Jamaica - 36 36 Morocco - 172 172 Netherlands 99 248 355 Peru - - 12 Portugal - 321 321 Venezuela - - 2 Virginia 4,786

292

Hair today, gone tomorrow: the degradation and conservation of archaeological hair fibers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The research of this work describes the degradation and conservation of archaeological hair fibers. Chapter I will be a brief overview, with Chapter II following with a literary review and definition of terms. Chapter III focuses on research centered on the structure of hair fibers and their physical and chemical attributes. It will also focus on the archaeological and historical evidence of hair fiber use by humans. This research will help form the backbone of the paper and experiments performed. The next chapter focuses on the degradation of hair fibers in different environments. Hair fibers left in underwater, open air, burial, and arid environments are monitored for degree of degradation and brittleness. The hair fiber types used are four commonly found hair fibers types: coarse wool, fine wool, mohair, and human hair. After deposition, conservation using silicone oil treatment is tested on the degraded hair fibers. When silicone oil treatment proves to be a viable conservation method, the technique is then be applied to two artifacts. The two artifacts used are a Victorian era watch fob made from human hair and hair fibers mixed with tar from the excavation of Kittern in Bulgaria. Chapter VII deals with the conclusions of the experiments as a whole. The degradation of the fibers in different environmental conditions show that burial in acidic sandy clay is the most detrimental to hair fibers, while hair fibers from arid, dry environments are brittle, but well preserved aesthetically. The silicone oil treatments are shown to be viable treatment methods with positive results for all of the fibers tested, including two artifacts, a Victorian watch fob made from human hair fibers and hair fibers mixed with a tar-like substance from the shipwreck Kittern in Bulgaria.

Sager, Rebecca M.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

ANALYSES OF ENERGY SUPPLY OPTIONS AND SECURITY OF ENERGY SUPPLY IN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FOREWORD In its broadest meaning energy security is the ability of a nation to muster the energy resources needed to ensure its welfare. In a narrower meaning it refers to territorial energy autonomy. Consequently, energy supply security is a matter of both domestic policy and international relations. Perceived and real threats may be economic or logistic, politically motivated or the result of war or natural causes. They may be source, technology or transport related, specific to a facility or a function of system structure, due to sabotage or to inadequate investment or maintenance, or result from pricing or regulatory policies. Energy security has become a growing concern in the Baltic States of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania since regaining independence in 1991. As their national energy systems depend on essentially one single foreign supplier for most of their oil and all of their natural gas supplies, a comprehensive analysis of potential measures to improve security including alternative supply options becomes vital. Such an analysis needs to consider, for example, the availability of domestic energy reserves and resources, the vintage of existing energy infrastructures (including regional and interregional interconnections), storage facilities, as well as future

In The Baltic States; In The Baltic States; Wagramer Strasse

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Global analysis of data on the spin-orbit-coupled A {sup 1{Sigma}}{sub u}{sup +} and b {sup 3{Pi}}{sub u} states of Cs{sub 2}  

SciTech Connect

We present experimentally derived potential curves and spin-orbit interaction functions for the strongly perturbed A {sup 1{Sigma}}{sub u}{sup +} and b {sup 3{Pi}}{sub u} states of the cesium dimer. The results are based on data from several sources. Laser-induced fluorescence Fourier transform spectroscopy (LIF FTS) was used some time ago in the Laboratoire Aime Cotton primarily to study the X {sup 1{Sigma}}{sub g}{sup +} state. More recent work at Tsinghua University provides information from moderate resolution spectroscopy on the lowest levels of the b {sup 3{Pi}}{sub 0u}{sup {+-}} state as well as additional high-resolution data. From Innsbruck University, we have precision data obtained with cold Cs{sub 2} molecules. Recent data from Temple University was obtained using the optical-optical double resonance polarization spectroscopy technique, and finally, a group at the University of Latvia has added additional LIF FTS data. In the Hamiltonian matrix, we have used analytic potentials (the expanded Morse oscillator form) with both finite-difference (FD) coupled-channel and discrete variable representation (DVR) calculations of the term values. Fitted diagonal and off-diagonal spin-orbit functions are obtained and compared with ab initio results from Temple and Moscow State universities.

Bai, Jianmei; Ahmed, E. H.; Beser, B.; Guan, Y.; Kotochigova, S.; Lyyra, A. M.; Ashman, S.; Wolfe, C. M.; Huennekens, J.; Xie, Feng; Li, Dan; Li, Li; Tamanis, M.; Ferber, R.; Drozdova, A.; Pazyuk, E.; Stolyarov, A. V.; Danzl, J. G.; Naegerl, H.-C.; Bouloufa, N. [Physics Department, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19122 (United States); Department of Physics, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania 18015 (United States); Department of Physics and Key Lab of Atomic and Molecular Nanoscience, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Laser Center, Department of Physics, University of Latvia, 19 Rains Blvd., Riga LV-1586 (Latvia); Department of Chemistry, Moscow State University, GSP-2 Leninskie gory 1/3, Moscow RU-119992 (Russian Federation); Institut fuer Experimentalphysik und Zentrum fuer Quantenphysik, Universitaet Innsbruck, Technikerstrasse 25, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Laboratoire Aime Cotton, CNRS, Universite Paris-Sud, Bat. 505, F-91405 Orsay Cedex (France); Department of Physics and Astronomy, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800 (United States)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

295

Current Status of The Romanian National Deep Geological Repository Program  

SciTech Connect

Construction of a deep geological repository is a very demanding and costly task. By now, countries that have Candu reactors, have not processed the spent fuel passing to the interim storage as a preliminary step of final disposal within the nuclear fuel cycle back-end. Romania, in comparison to other nations, represents a rather small territory, with high population density, wherein the geological formation areas with radioactive waste storage potential are limited and restricted not only from the point of view of the selection criteria due to the rocks natural characteristics, but also from the point of view of their involvement in social and economical activities. In the framework of the national R and D Programs, series of 'Map investigations' have been made regarding the selection and preliminary characterization of the host geological formation for the nation's spent fuel deep geological repository. The fact that Romania has many deposits of natural gas, oil, ore and geothermal water, and intensively utilizes soil and also is very forested, cause some of the apparent acceptable sites to be rejected in the subsequent analysis. Currently, according to the Law on the spent fuel and radioactive waste management, including disposal, The National Agency of Radioactive Waste is responsible and coordinates the national strategy in the field and, subsequently, further actions will be decided. The Romanian National Strategy, approved in 2004, projects the operation of a deep geological repository to begin in 2055. (authors)

Radu, M.; Nicolae, R.; Nicolae, D. [Center of Technology and Engineering for Nuclear Objectives (CITON), ILFOV County (Romania)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

The illusion of peace: the fate of the Baltic Displaced Persons, 1945-1952  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Following the end of World War II, the Allied forces faced an immediate large- scale refugee crisis in Europe. Efforts focused on returning the millions of refugees to their homes as quickly as possible. Though the majority did return home, nearly a million refugees from Soviet-controlled Eastern Europe refused to do so. Reclassified as Displaced Persons (DPs) and placed in holding camps by the Occupational Authorities, these refugees demanded that Allied leaders give them the chance to immigrate and resettle elsewhere. Immigration historians of this period have focused mainly on the experiences of the Jewish refugees during the Holocaust and the establishment of Israel. Other studies depict the chaos in Germany immediately following the war, describing the DPs as an unstable factor in an already unstable situation. While important, these works tend to overlook the fate of non-Jewish refugees who would not return to their homes. Additionally, these works overlook the many immigration and resettlement schemes put in place to solve the DP situation and stabilize Europe, focusing instead on economic forces and growing Cold War tensions. This thesis looks at the experiences of the Baltic DPs, those from Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia. Beginning with a brief history of the three countries and their peoples experiences during the war, this study also looks at their lives in the DP camps and explores their reasons for not returning home. It also recounts the Allies decision to promote resettlement rather than repatriation as the solution to the refugee problem by focusing on the immigration programs of the four main recipient countries, Britain, the United States, Canada, and Australia. This thesis argues that the majority of the Baltic DPs came from educated, middle class backgrounds and as such, they were widely sought after by the recipient countries as the most suitable for immigration. A final argument is that disagreements over their fate between the United States, England, and the Soviet Union, fueled the Cold War.

Eastes, Victoria Marite Helga

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Tectonic evolution of the southwestern Black Sea margin, offshore Turkey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The southwestern margin of the Black Sea was under the influence of a regional extensional tectonic regime behind an island arc during Late Cretaceous time. During this period, andesitic submarine volcanics covered the margin which was connected to the Srednogorie intra-arc zone in Bulgaria. Following back-arc extension, the whole margin was affected by a compressional tectonic regime during Paleocene-early Eocene time. Under this regime, a series of thrust faults formed, which were connected to the Stara Planina and the Fore-Balkan overthrust system, offshore Bulgaria. In the middle Eocene, the regional compressional regime gave way to an extensional phase which caused block faulting in the basement and triggered rapid subsidence on the outer shelf along these block faults. As a result, a transgressive period began across the region. In the south of the study area, a small basin formed and became isolated from the outer shelf behind a marginal rise which is bordered by several margin faults from the south and the north. The middle Eocene transgression reached its maximum during early Oligocene by covering the most of the land areas in the south. A regression in Late Oligocene deposited shallow marine sediments on the margin. During early to middle Mocene time, a delta system was formed by sediments that by-passed through a narrow corridor in the marginal rise and that were derived from the Srednogorie Zone. During early stages in the development of the North Anatolian Fault system and its probable northern strand in the Thrace Basin at the end of the middle Miocene, the southern and southeastern parts of the margin were left subaerially exposed. Late Miocene deposition was characterized by a long erosional period along the margin. Fluvial and shallow marine deposits of Pliocene age were deposited over the eroded Miocene unit during a sea-level rise. A sea-level fall in late Pliocene time formed a deep incised valley system on the shelf. A transgressive period during Quaternary time filled this valley system, and formed the present day Turkish Black Sea coast.

Can, Emrah

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Plasma Physics  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

G H I J K L M N O P Q R S G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Fitzpatrick, Rob (Rob Fitzpatrick) - Land and Water Division, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) Flury, Markus (Markus Flury) - Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Washington State University Forray, Ferenc (Ferenc Forray) - Department of Geology, Babes-Bolyai University, Romania Freger, Viatcheslav "Slava" (Viatcheslav "Slava" Freger) - Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research, Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research, Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research Go back to Individual Researchers Collections: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Florida, University of - Hinkley Center for Solid and Hazardous

299

January2005 NNSANews  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

2009 Monthly News (continued on page 2) In This Issue (continued on page 2) Last HEU Removed From Romania Days Before Presidents Meet in Russia At a recent hearing of the House Armed Services Committee, NNSA Administrator Thomas D'Agostino discussed NNSA's role in implementing the Obama Administration's landmark global nuclear security agenda. NNSA manages the largest nuclear non-proliferation program in the world. Many of those efforts will be crucial to meeting the President's goals. On President Obama's leadership on nuclear security D'Agostino said, "The President made clear, in his April speech in Prague, in Joint Statements with our Russian partners, and elsewhere, that nuclear weapons remain a fundamental issue facing the international community in the

300

OECD Input-Output Tables | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OECD Input-Output Tables OECD Input-Output Tables Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Input-Output Tables Agency/Company /Organization: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development Topics: Co-benefits assessment, Market analysis, Co-benefits assessment, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Dataset Website: www.oecd.org/document/3/0,3343,en_2649_34445_38071427_1_1_1_1,00.html Country: Sweden, Finland, Japan, South Korea, Argentina, Australia, China, Israel, United Kingdom, Portugal, Romania, Greece, Poland, Slovakia, Chile, India, Canada, New Zealand, United States, Denmark, Norway, Spain, Austria, Italy, Netherlands, Ireland, France, Belgium, Brazil, Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Luxembourg, Mexico, Slovenia, South Africa, Turkey, Indonesia, Switzerland, Taiwan, Russia

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "latvia romania bulgaria" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

United Nations geothermal activities in developing countries  

SciTech Connect

The United Nations implements technical cooperation projects in developing countries through its Department of Technical Cooperation for Development (DTCD). The DTCD is mandated to explore for and develop natural resources (water, minerals, and relevant infrastructure) and energy - both conventional and new and renewable energy sources. To date, the United Nations has been involved in over 30 geothermal exploration projects (completed or underway) in 20 developing countries: 8 in Africa (Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar); 8 in Asia (China, India, Jordan, Philippines, Thailand); 9 in Latin America (Bolivia, Chile, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama) and 6 in Europe (Greece, Romania, Turkey, Yugoslavia). Today, the DTCD has seven UNDP geothermal projects in 6 developing countries. Four of these (Bolivia, China, Honduras, and Kenya) are major exploration projects whose formulation and execution has been possible thanks to the generous contributions under cost-sharing arrangements from the government of Italy. These four projects are summarized.

Beredjick, N.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

January2005 NNSANews  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2009 2009 Monthly News (continued on page 2) In This Issue (continued on page 2) Last HEU Removed From Romania Days Before Presidents Meet in Russia At a recent hearing of the House Armed Services Committee, NNSA Administrator Thomas D'Agostino discussed NNSA's role in implementing the Obama Administration's landmark global nuclear security agenda. NNSA manages the largest nuclear non-proliferation program in the world. Many of those efforts will be crucial to meeting the President's goals. On President Obama's leadership on nuclear security D'Agostino said, "The President made clear, in his April speech in Prague, in Joint Statements with our Russian partners, and elsewhere, that nuclear weapons remain a fundamental issue facing the international community in the

303

Secretary Bodman Meets with Regional Energy Ministers in Hungary |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Regional Energy Ministers in Hungary Regional Energy Ministers in Hungary Secretary Bodman Meets with Regional Energy Ministers in Hungary March 17, 2006 - 3:44pm Addthis Emphasizes U.S. Support for Central European Energy Security BUDAPEST, HUNGARY - Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today participated in a regional energy meeting with ministers from Hungary, Czech Republic, Poland, Slovakia, Austria, Croatia and Romania. During the meeting, Secretary Bodman and the ministers discussed the importance of advancing sufficient, affordable, clean and reliable energy supplies to sustain global economic growth, accommodate heightened demand, and promote regional energy security. Traveling to Budapest from Moscow where he participated in the G8 Energy Ministerial, Secretary Bodman reaffirmed the G8 priorities

304

Lliliana Stan  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Liliana Stan has advanced knowledge in designing, synthesis, and characterization of multilayered thin-film Liliana Stan has advanced knowledge in designing, synthesis, and characterization of multilayered thin-film structures. Her expertise includes physical vapor deposition techniques, such as sputtering, ion-beam- assisted deposition (IBAD), and e-beam evaporation, and characterization of metal-oxide films and multifunctional nanocomposites. At the base of her research on understanding of the processing- microstructure-property relationships of materials using multilayered heteroepitaxial structures is her work in the development of biaxially oriented (single crystal-like) thin films grown on amorphous substrates using IBAD. Liliana received her B. S. in Physics from University of Bucharest, Romania, and her M. S. in Electrical Engineering from theUniversity of New Mexico. She worked at Los Alamos National Laboratory for ten

305

Improvement of Pt/C/PTFE catalyst type used for hydrogen isotope separation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The CANDU reactor from the Nuclear Power plant Cernavoda (Romania)) is the most powerful tritium source from Europe. This reactor is moderated and cooled by heavy water that becomes continuously contaminated with tritium. Because of this reason, the National R and amp;D Inst. for Cryogenic and Isotopic Technologies developed a detritiation technology based on catalytic isotopic exchange and cryogenic distillation. The main effort of our Inst. was focused on finding more efficient catalysts with a longer operational life. Some of the tritium removal processes involved in Fusion Science and Technology use this type of catalyst 1. Several Pt/C/PTFE hydrophobic catalysts that could be used in isotopic exchange process 2,3,4 were produced. The present paper presents a comparative study between the physical and morphological properties of different catalysts manufactured by impregnation at our institute. The comparison consists of a survey of specific surface, pores volume and pores distribution. (authors)

Vasut, F.; Preda, A.; Zamfirache, M.; Bornea, A. M.; Stefanescu, I.; Pearsica, C. [INC-DTCI, ICSI Rm. Valcea, Uzinei Street 4, Rm. Valcea (Romania)

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

306

Fuel Ethanol (Renewable) Exports by Destination  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Total All Countries 32 31 27 27 38 43 2010-2013 Afghanistan 2010-2010 Albania 1 2013-2013 Angola 0 2011-2013 Anguilla 2010-2010 Antigua and Barbuda 0 2010-2013 Argentina 0 0 0 0 0 0 2010-2013 Aruba 0 0 0 2010-2013 Australia 0 0 2010-2013 Bahama Islands 0 0 0 2010-2013 Bahrain 0 2010-2013 Barbados 2010-2011 Belgium 0 0 0 0 0 2010-2013 Belize 0 2010-2013 Brazil 1 2 2 0 2010-2013 Bulgaria 2010-2010 Cambodia 2011-2011 Canada 19 21 22 23 25 24 2010-2013 Cayman Islands 2010-2012 Chile 0 0 0 0 0 0 2010-2013 China 0 0 0 0 0 2010-2013 Colombia 0 1 2010-2013 Costa Rica 0 0 0 0 0 0 2010-2013

307

International Natural Gas Prices for Electricity Generation - EIA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Industry for Selected Countries1 Industry for Selected Countries1 U.S. Dollars per 107 Kilocalories - Gross Calorific Value2 Country 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Australia NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Austria NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Belgium C C C C C C NA 559.8 417.4 354.9 Brazil NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Bulgaria NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 381.2 396.6 381.7 Canada 108.8 125.3 210.1 223.7 291.1 272.0 216.1 352.3 172.6 160.1 Chile NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Chinese Taipei (Taiwan) 288.5 271.6 302.1 336.9 387.4 413.8 475.6 648.5 525.6 600.9 Croatia 235.5 281.4 330.6 386.2 391.4 400.8 436.7 388.7 420.0 520.4 Czech Republic 155.9 173.6 203.5 217.4 292.5 402.3 391.7 614.1 528.0 530.5

308

Annual Coal Distribution Tables  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Foreign Distribution of U.S. Coal by Major Coal-Exporting States and Foreign Distribution of U.S. Coal by Major Coal-Exporting States and Destination, 2001 Coal-Exporting State and Destination Metallurgical Steam Total Alaska - 761 761 South Korea - 761 761 Alabama 4,667 167 4,834 Argentina 155 - 155 Belgium 989 - 989 Brazil 1,104 - 1,104 Bulgaria 82 - 82 Egypt 518 - 518 Italy 115 - 115 Netherlands 56 83 139 Spain 412 84 496 Turkey 581 - 581 United Kingdom 654 - 654 Kentucky 2,130 - 2,130 Canada 920 - 920 France 22 - 22 Iceland 9 - 9 Italy 430 - 430 Netherlands 417 - 417 Spain 9 - 9 United Kingdom 323 - 323 Pennsylvania 1,086 14,326 15,722 Belgium - 203 203 Brazil 372 - 373 Canada - 12,141 12,418 France - 84 84 Germany 495 165 661 Ireland - 136 136 Netherlands 219 879 1,097 Norway - - 7 Peru - - 21 Portugal - 634 634 United Kingdom - 85 85 Venezuela - - 3 Utah - 1,420 1,420 Japan - 1,334 1,334 Taiwan - 86 86 Virginia 4,531

309

untitled  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ecology (2009) 18, 357-373 Ecology (2009) 18, 357-373 doi: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2008.04016.x © 2008 The Authors Journal compilation © 2008 Blackwell Publishing Ltd Blackwell Publishing Ltd Extensive pollen flow in two ecologically contrasting populations of Populus trichocarpa G . T. S L AV O V ,*† S . L E O N A R D I ,‡ J . B U R C Z Y K ,§ W. T. A D A M S ,¶ S . H . S T R A U S S ¶ and S . P. D I FA Z I O * *Department of Biology, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506-6057, USA, †Department of Dendrology, University of Forestry, Sofia 1756, Bulgaria, ‡Dipartimento di Scienze Ambientali, Università di Parma, 43100 Parma, Italy, §Department of Genetics, Bydgoszcz University, Bydgoszcz, 85064, Poland, ¶Department of Forest Ecosystems and Society, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331-5752, USA

310

International Coal Prices for Industry- EIA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Industry for Selected Countries1 Industry for Selected Countries1 U.S. Dollars per Metric Ton2 Country 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Argentina NA NA NA NA NA 37.24 NA NA NA Australia NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Austria 55.54 74.15 86.26 168.56 175.88 178.48 199.93 245.60 239.30 Barbados NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Belgium NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Bolivia NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Brazil NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Bulgaria NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Canada NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Chile NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA China 27.15 30.40 32.14 43.17 NA NA NA NA NA Chinese Taipei (Taiwan) NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Colombia NA NA NA NA NA NA 42.85 49.66 NA

311

Development of the in-structure response spectra of the VVER-440 Model 230 Kozloduy Plant  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Kozloduy NPP is located in the North-West part of Bulgaria on the Danube river. The plant consists of four units of 440 MW and two units of 1,000 MW. In the last 15 years there have been three strong, intermediate depth earthquakes in the Vrancea seismic zone (1977, 1986, 1990) which have affected the NPP site. The Vrancea zone is located approximately 300 km northeast of the plant. It is known for the generation of strong, long-period seismic motions. In 1990 an intensive work program for qualification of the plant according to the international standards (IAEA 1991; IAEA 1992) was initiated. The work started by a project for site confirmation. As a result, new design seismic characteristics were obtained. A Review Level Earthquake is defined by a maximum acceleration of 0.2 g; a response spectrum is shown. The generation of the in-structure response spectra for units 1 and 2 VVER-440 Model 230 is presented in this paper. The coauthors belong to an IAEA Advisory Team assisting the seismic upgrading project of the Kozloduy plant.

Kostov, M.K. [Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia (BG). Central Lab. for Seismic Mechanics and Earthquake Engineering; Ma, D.C. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Prato, C.A. [Univ. of Cordoba (AR); Stevenson, J.D. [Stevenson and Associates, Cleveland, OH (US)

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Radiation environment at high-mountains stations and onboard spacecraft  

SciTech Connect

Radiation environment has been studied at high-mountain observatories and onboard spacecraft. The most important contribution to this environment at high-mountain observatories represents cosmic radiation component. We have been studied this environment in two high-mountain observatories: one situated on the top of Lomnicky Stit, High Tatras, Slovakia, and another one close to the top of Moussala, Rila, Bulgaria (Basic Environment Observatory--BEO). The studies have been performed using: an energy deposition spectrometer with a Si-diode (MDU) developed at BAS, Sofia, permitting to estimate non-neutron as well as neutron component of the radiation field; other active equipment designated to measure natural radiation background, and thermoluminescent detectors as passive dosimeters. Basic dosimetry characteristics of these fields are presented, analyzed, and discussed; they are also compared with the estimation of cosmic radiation component as published in the Report of UNSCEAR 2000. Measuring instruments mentioned above, together with an LET spectrometer based on chemically etched track detectors have been also used to characterize radiation environment onboard spacecraft, particularly International Space Station. They have been exposed on the surface and/or inside a phantom. Some of results obtained are presented, and discussed.

Spurny, Frantisek; Ploc, Ondrej; Jadrmickova, Iva [Nuclear Physics Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague (Czech Republic)

2008-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

313

Coal bed methane global market potential  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Worldwide increases in energy prices, as well as the increased potential for project financing derived from emissions credits, have renewed focus on coal bed methane (CBM) and coal mine methane (CMM) projects in coal-producing countries around the world. Globally, CBM utilization projects (in the operational, development, or planning stages) capture and utilize methane from gassy underground coal mines in at least 13 countries. The total methane emission reductions that could be achieved by these projects are approximately 135 billion cubic feet per year (equal to 14.8 million tons of carbon equivalent per year). This global activity level reflects a growing awareness of the technological practicality and the economic attractiveness of coal mine methane recovery and use. This report outlines the potential of the global CBM market. Contents: An overview of CBM; Challenges and issues; Technologies to generate power from CAM; Global CBM/CMM utilization; Country highlights; Ranking of countries with the largest CMM development potential (Australia, Canada, China, Germany, Mexico, Poland, Russia, Ukraine, United Kingdom, USA, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, France, India, Japan, Kazakhstan, South Africa); Planning CBM/CMM projects; Pre-feasibility and feasibility studies; Demonstration projects; Development plan and application process; Equity and debt; Carbon financing; Government sponsors; Private sponsors; Project risk reduction support; Examples of integrated project financing; Glossary.

Drazga, B. (ed.)

2007-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

314

Simulation of operational transients in a VVER-1000 nuclear power plant using the RELAP5/MOD3.2 computer program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A RELAP5/MOD3.2 nodalization model of a VVER-1OOO (V-320) nuclear power plant was updated, improved and validated against available experimental data. The data included integrated test results obtained from actual power plant testing. The steady state and the operational transients test data describe the behavior of the Unit 5 of Kozloduy NPP (Bulgaria). The operational transients consisted of a loss of flow caused by the successive trip of two main coolant pumps without reactor scram. A validation process of the developed model has been performed in two stages comprising an initial and a transient validation. The comparison between experimental data and calculation results proved the adequacy of the model and also the code capacity to reproduce main plant parameter evolutions. The plant model was also used for a preliminary analysis of a large break loss of coolant accident (LB LOCA) which is the design basis accident (DBA) for the VVER-1000 plants. Due to the limitations of the utilized code version (unavailability of the redwood model), only the first stage (blowdown) of the accident was investigated. The results have been compared with similar calculations obtained by the Russian specialists with an indigenous thermal-hydraulic code (TECH-M). The comparison showed a good agreement. For the most important calculated parameter (hot spot cladding temperature) an uncertainty analysis using the response surface method was performed. The nodalization model seems to be adequate for the class of transients and accidents investigated, but the inclusion of the reactor specific point kinetics parameters, emergency headwater system model and updating some of the component parameters (e.g. main coolant pump friction) will increase its area of applicability.

Moscalu, Dionisie Radu

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Strategic planning -- task 7.1. Topical report, February 1994--June 1995  

SciTech Connect

The nations of East Central Europe regained their political and economic freedom in 1989, ending nearly a half century of centrally planned economies under the hegemony of the former Soviet Union (FSU). These nations are now emerging from economic conditions marked by price distortions and a focus on heavy industry, isolation from world markets, and a lack of occupational health and environmental safeguards. Economic recovery, environmental restoration, and political stability, as well as eventual entrance into the European Community (EC), require a reordering of policies and priorities, including those bearing on energy and the environment. This report, prepared as a background document for the Second International Conference on Energy and Environment to be held in Prague in November 1994, is composed of a summary table and supporting text and is intended to provide a concise review of issues related to energy and the environment for the Czech and Slovak Republics, Hungary, Poland, and Bulgaria. Organized by subject and country, Table 1 contains country profiles (Row A), information on the economy (Row B), primary energy consumption, environmental priorities, energy resources, production, and utilization (Rows C, D, F, G, H, and 1), electrical generation and transmission (Rows J and K), district heating (Row L), briquettes (Row M), and environmental regulations (Row N). Pertinent policy goals, issues, and trends are noted. The reports is based largely on a review of documents published by the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), as well as selected sources obtained from the countries of the region. Reference citations are keyed to information presented in Table 1.

Daly, D.J.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

[Energy and environmental research emphasizing low-rank coal]: Task 7.1, Strategic planning. Topical report, February 1, 1994--June 30, 1995  

SciTech Connect

The nations of East Central Europe regained their political and economic freedom in 1989, ending nearly a half century of centrally planned economies under the hegemony of the former Soviet Union (FSU). These nations are now emerging from economic conditions marked by price distortions and a focus on heavy industry, isolation from world markets, and a lack of occupational health and environmental safeguards. Economic recovery, environmental restoration, and political stability, as well as eventual entrance into the European Community (EC), require a reordering of policies and priorities, including those bearing on energy and the environment. This report, prepared as a background document for the Second International Conference on Energy and Environment to be held in Prague in November 1994, is composed of a summary table (Table 1) and supporting text and is intended to provide a concise review of issues related to energy and the environment for the Czech and Slovak Republics, Hungary, Poland, and Bulgaria. Organized by subject and country, Table 1 contains country profiles (Row A), information on the economy (Row B), primary energy consumption, environmental priorities, energy resources, production, and utilization (Rows C, D, F, G, H, and I), electrical generation and transmission (Rows J and K), district heating (Row L), briquettes (Row M), and environmental regulations (Row N). Pertinent policy goals, issues, and trends are noted. The reports is based largely on a review of documents published by the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), as well as selected sources obtained from the countries of the region. Reference citations are keyed to information presented in Table 1.

NONE

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

NEWTON, Ask a Scientist at Argonne National Labs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Relativistic Velocity of Head-On Particles Relativistic Velocity of Head-On Particles Name: Flavian Status: student Grade: 9-12 Country: Romania Date: Spring 2012 Question: My question is about the LHC and any other particle accelerator, if the 2 matter beams travel at about 99% of the velocity of light relative to the ground in opposite directions don't they travel at 2x that relative to each other? What is actually going on? Replies: Flavian, How fast an object moves depends on the observer. When approaching the speed of light, the only reliable reference is you. Such velocities do not add like day-to-day velocities. Both distance and time measurements are different for those in different reference frames. The second matter beam might travel at a greater distance as seen by a particle in the first beam, but the time it takes to do it, as measured by the first beam, will also be greater. The distance divided by the time (i.e. speed) will be greater than 99% of light speed but less than 100%.

318

The Energy Research and Modernization Institute ICEMENERG | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Research and Modernization Institute ICEMENERG Research and Modernization Institute ICEMENERG Jump to: navigation, search Name The Energy Research and Modernization Institute (ICEMENERG) Place Bucharest, Romania Sector Biofuels, Biomass, Efficiency, Geothermal energy, Hydro, Wind energy Product Research institute that covers many sectors including wind, PV, STEG, biomass, biofuels, mini-hydro, geothermal and energy efficiency. Coordinates 44.434295°, 26.102965° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.434295,"lon":26.102965,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

319

U.S. Department of Energy Program of International Technical Cooperation for Research Reactor Utilization  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration (DOE/NNSA) has initiated collaborations with the national nuclear authorities of Egypt, Peru, and Romania for the purpose of advancing the commercial potential and utilization of their respective research reactors. Under its Office of International Safeguards ''Sister Laboratory'' program, DOE/NNSA has undertaken numerous technical collaborations over the past decade intended to promote peaceful applications of nuclear technology. Among these has been technical assistance in research reactor applications, such as neutron activation analysis, nuclear analysis, reactor physics, and medical radioisotope production. The current collaborations are intended to provide the subject countries with a methodology for greater commercialization of research reactor products and services. Our primary goal is the transfer of knowledge, both in administrative and technical issues, needed for the establishment of an effective business plan and utilization strategy for the continued operation of the countries' research reactors. Technical consultation, cooperation, and the information transfer provided are related to: identification, evaluation, and assessment of current research reactor capabilities for products and services; identification of opportunities for technical upgrades for new or expanded products and services; advice and consultation on research reactor upgrades and technical modifications; characterization of markets for reactor products and services; identification of competition and estimation of potential for market penetration; integration of technical constraints; estimation of cash flow streams; and case studies.

Chong, D.; Manning, M.; Ellis, R.; Apt, K.; Flaim, S.; Sylvester, K.

2004-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

320

Water Detritiation: Better SCK-CEN Catalysts for Liquid Phase Catalytic Exchange  

SciTech Connect

A technically and economically sound technology for water detritiation is mandatory for the future of fusion. This technology is expected to be based on water electrolysis and Liquid Phase Catalytic Exchange (LPCE). LPCE requires an efficient hydrophobic catalyst. SCK-CEN invented and developed such a catalyst in the past, which is prepared by depositing platinum on an activated charcoal carrier and mixing it with polytetrafluorethylene as a hydrophobic material. In combination with an appropriate wettable packing, different batches of this catalyst performed very well during years of extensive testing, allowing us to develop the ELEX process for water detritiation at inland reprocessing plants. Recently we succeeded in reproducing this catalyst and preparing a slightly different but clearly ameliorated type. By extrapolation these new results would allow us to obtain, at 40 deg. C and under typical but conservative operating conditions, a decontamination factor of 10000 with a column of less than 3 meters long. Such performances would make this catalyst an excellent candidate for application at JET or ITER. To confirm the performances of our improved catalyst for a longer period of time and in a longer column, we are now starting experiments in a newly built installation and we are collaborating with ICSI, Romania.

Bruggeman, Aime; Braet, Johan; Vanderbiesen, Sven [SCK-CEN (Belgium)

2005-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

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321

Successful Cleaning and Study of Contamination of Si(001) in Ultrahigh Vacuum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the very first surface physics experiment performed in ultrahigh vacuum (UHV) in Romania, using a new molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) installation. Cleaning of a Si(001) wafer was achieved by using a very simple technique: sequences of annealing at 900-1000 deg. C in ultrahigh vacuum: low 10{sup -8} mbar, with a base pressure of 1.5x10{sup -10} mbar. The preparation procedure is quite reproducible and allows repeated cleaning of the Si(001) after contamination in ultrahigh vacuum. The Si(001) single crystal surface is characterized by low energy electron diffraction (LEED), reflection high energy electron diffraction (RHEED), and Auger electron spectroscopy (AES). The latter technique is utilized in order to investigate the sample contamination by the residual gas in the UHV chamber, as determined by a residual gas analyzer (RGA). Unambiguous assignment of oxidized and unoxidized silicon is provided; also, an important feature is that the LVV Auger peak at 90-92 eV cannot be solely attributed to clean Si (i.e. Si surrounded only by Si), but also to silicon atoms bounded with carbon. Even with a sum of partial pressures of oxygen and carbon containing molecules in the range of 5x10{sup -10} mbar, the sample is contaminated very quickly, having a (1/e) lifetime of about 76 minutes.

Gheorghe, N. G.; Lungu, G. A.; Husanu, M. A.; Costescu, R. M. [National Institute of Materials Physics, Atomistilor 105bis, P.O. Box MG-7, 077125 Magurele - Ilfov (Romania)

2011-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

322

Accounting strategy of tritium inventory in the heavy water detritiation pilot plant from ICIT Rm. Valcea  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present a methodology for determination of tritium inventory in a tritium removal facility. The method proposed is based on the developing of computing models for accountancy of the mobile tritium inventory in the separation processes, of the stored tritium and of the trapped tritium inventory in the structure of the process system components. The configuration of the detritiation process is a combination of isotope catalytic exchange between water and hydrogen (LPCE) and the cryogenic distillation of hydrogen isotopes (CD). The computing model for tritium inventory in the LPCE process and the CD process will be developed basing on mass transfer coefficients in catalytic isotope exchange reactions and in dual-phase system (liquid-vapour) of hydrogen isotopes distillation process. Accounting of tritium inventory stored in metallic hydride will be based on in-bed calorimetry. Estimation of the trapped tritium inventory can be made by subtraction of the mobile and stored tritium inventories from the global tritium inventory of the plant area. Determinations of the global tritium inventory of the plant area will be made on a regular basis by measuring any tritium quantity entering or leaving the plant area. This methodology is intended to be applied to the Heavy Water Detritiation Pilot Plant from ICIT Rm. Valcea (Romania) and to the Cernavoda Tritium Removal Facility (which will be built in the next 5-7 years). (authors)

Bidica, N.; Stefanescu, I. [Inst. of Cryogenics and Isotopes Technologies, Uzinei Str. No. 4, Rm. Valcea (Romania); Cristescu, I. [TLK, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Postfach 3640, D76021 Karlsruhe (Germany); Bornea, A.; Zamfirache, M.; Lazar, A.; Vasut, F.; Pearsica, C.; Stefan, I. [Inst. of Cryogenics and Isotopes Technologies, Uzinei Str. No. 4, Rm. Valcea (Romania); Prisecaru, I.; Sindilar, G. [Univ. Politehnica of Bucharest, Splaiul Independentei 313, Bucharest (Romania)

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

323

Chernobyl bibliography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of the DOE/OHER Chernobyl Database project is to create and maintain an information system to provide usable information for research studies related to the nuclear accident. The system is the official United States repository for information about the Chernobyl accident and its consequences, and currently includes an extensive bibliography and diverse radiological measurements with supporting information. PNL has established two resources: original (not summarized) measurement data, currently about 80,000 measurements, with ancillary information; and about 2,200 bibliographic citations, some including abstracts. Major organizations that have contributed radiological measurement data include the Washington State Department of Social and Health Services; United States Environmental Protection Agency (domestic and foreign data); United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission; Stone Webster; Brookhaven National Laboratory; Commissariat A L'energie Atomique in France; Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Food in the United Kingdom; Japan National Institute of Radiological Sciences; and the Finnish Centre For Radiation and Nuclear Safety (STUK). Scientists in Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, China, Denmark, England, Federal Republic of Germany, Finland, France, Ireland, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Romania, Scotland, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United States, Wales, and Yugoslavia have made contributions. Bibliographic materials have been obtained from scientists in the above countries that have replied to requests. In addition, literature searches have been conducted, including a search of the DOE Energy Database. The last search was conducted in January, 1989. This document lists the bibliographic information in the DOE/OHER Chernobyl Database at the current time.

Carr, F. Jr.; Mahaffey, J.A.

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Investigation related to hydrogen isotopes separation by cryogenic distillation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research conducted in the last fifty years has shown that one of the most efficient techniques of removing tritium from the heavy water used as moderator and coolant in CANDU reactors (as that operated at Cernavoda (Romania)) is hydrogen cryogenic distillation. Designing and implementing the concept of cryogenic distillation columns require experiments to be conducted as well as computer simulations. Particularly, computer simulations are of great importance when designing and evaluating the performances of a column or a series of columns. Experimental data collected from laboratory work will be used as input for computer simulations run at larger scale (for The Pilot Plant for Tritium and Deuterium Separation) in order to increase the confidence in the simulated results. Studies carried out were focused on the following: - Quantitative analyses of important parameters such as the number of theoretical plates, inlet area, reflux flow, flow-rates extraction, working pressure, etc. - Columns connected in series in such a way to fulfil the separation requirements. Experiments were carried out on a laboratory-scale installation to investigate the performance of contact elements with continuous packing. The packing was manufactured in our institute. (authors)

Bornea, A.; Zamfirache, M.; Stefanescu, I.; Preda, A.; Balteanu, O.; Stefan, I. [INC-DTCI-ICSI Rm. Valcea, str.Uzinei, Nr.4, 240050 (Romania)

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

325

Progress and status of the IAEA coordinated research project: production of Mo-99 using LEU fission or neutron activation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since late 2004, the IAEA has developed and implemented a Coordinated Research Project (CRP) to assist countries interested in initiating indigenous, small-scale production of Mo-99 to meet local nuclear medicine requirements. The objective of the CRP is to provide interested countries with access to non-proprietary technologies and methods to produce Mo-99 using LEU foil or LEU mini-plate targets, or for the utilization of n,gamma neutron activation, e.g. through the use of gel generators. The project has made further progress since the RERTR 2006 meeting, with a Technical Workshop on Operational Aspects of Mo99 Production held 28-30 November 2006 in Vienna and the Second Research Coordination Meeting held in Bucharest, Romania 16-20 April 2007. The paper describes activities carried out as noted above, and as well as the provision of LEU foils to a number of participants, and the progress by a number of groups in preparing for LEU target assembly and disassembly, irradiation, chemical processing, and waste management. The participants' progress in particular on thermal hydraulics computations required for using LEU targets is notable, as also the progress in gel generator plant operations in India and Kazakhstan. Poland has joined as a new research agreement holder and an application by Egypt to be a contract holder is undergoing internal review in the IAEA and is expected to be approved. The IAEA has also participated in several open meetings of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences Study on Producing Medical Radioisotopes without HEU, which will also be discussed in the paper. (author)

Goldman, Ira N.; Adelfang, Pablo [Division of Nuclear Fuel Cycle and Waste Technology, International Atomic Energy Agency, Wagramer Strasse 5, P.O. Box 100, A-1400 Vienna (Austria)], E-mail: I.Goldman@iaea.org, E-mail: P.Adelfang@iaea.org; Ramamoorthy, Natesan [Division of Physical and Chemical Sciences, International Atomic Energy Agency, Wagramer Strasse 5, P.O. Box 100, A-1400 Vienna (Austria)], E-mail: N.Ramamoorthy@iaea.org

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

326

Neutrino Oscillation Physics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To complement the neutrino-physics lectures given at the 2011 International School on Astro Particle Physics devoted to Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics (ISAPP 2011; Varenna, Italy), at the 2011 European School of High Energy Physics (ESHEP 2011; Cheila Gradistei, Romania), and, in modified form, at other summer schools, we present here a written description of the physics of neutrino oscillation. This description is centered on a new way of deriving the oscillation probability. We also provide a brief guide to references relevant to topics other than neutrino oscillation that were covered in the lectures. Neutrinos and photons are by far the most abundant elementary particles in the universe. Thus, if we would like to comprehend the universe, we must understand the neutrinos. Of course, studying the neutrinos is challenging, since the only known forces through which these electrically-neutral leptons interact are the weak force and gravity. Consequently, interactions of neutrinos in a detector are very rare events, so that very large detectors and intense neutrino sources are needed to make experiments feasible. Nevertheless, we have confirmed that the weak interactions of neutrinos are correctly described by the Standard Model (SM) of elementary particle physics. Moreover, in the last 14 years, we have discovered that neutrinos have nonzero masses, and that leptons mix. These discoveries have been based on the observation that neutrinos can change from one 'flavor' to another - the phenomenon known as neutrino oscillation. We shall explain the physics of neutrino oscillation, deriving the probability of oscillation in a new way. We shall also provide a very brief guide to references that can be used to study some major neutrino-physics topics other than neutrino oscillation.

Kayser, Boris

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Twenty-first workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering: Proceedings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

PREFACE The Twenty-First Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering was held at the Holiday Inn, Palo Alto on January 22-24, 1996. There were one-hundred fifty-five registered participants. Participants came from twenty foreign countries: Argentina, Austria, Canada, Costa Rica, El Salvador, France, Iceland, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, the Philippines, Romania, Russia, Switzerland, Turkey and the UK. The performance of many geothermal reservoirs outside the United States was described in several of the papers. Professor Roland N. Horne opened the meeting and welcomed visitors. The key note speaker was Marshall Reed, who gave a brief overview of the Department of Energy's current plan. Sixty-six papers were presented in the technical sessions of the workshop. Technical papers were organized into twenty sessions concerning: reservoir assessment, modeling, geology/geochemistry, fracture modeling hot dry rock, geoscience, low enthalpy, injection, well testing, drilling, adsorption and stimulation. Session chairmen were major contributors to the workshop, and we thank: Ben Barker, Bobbie Bishop-Gollan, Tom Box, Jim Combs, John Counsil, Sabodh Garg, Malcolm Grant, Marcel0 Lippmann, Jim Lovekin, John Pritchett, Marshall Reed, Joel Renner, Subir Sanyal, Mike Shook, Alfred Truesdell and Ken Williamson. Jim Lovekin gave the post-dinner speech at the banquet and highlighted the exciting developments in the geothermal field which are taking place worldwide. The Workshop was organized by the Stanford Geothermal Program faculty, staff, and graduate students. We wish to thank our students who operated the audiovisual equipment. Shaun D. Fitzgerald Program Manager.

None

1996-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

328

Cooperative monitoring of regional security agreements  

SciTech Connect

This paper argues that cooperative monitoring plays a critical role in the implementation of regional security agreements and confidence building measures. A framework for developing cooperative monitoring options is proposed and several possibilities for relating bilateral and regional monitoring systems to international monitoring systems are discussed. Three bilateral or regional agreements are analyzed briefly to illustrate different possibilities: (1) the demilitarization of the Sinai region between Israel and Egypt in the 1970s; (2) the 1991 quadripartite agreement for monitoring nuclear facilities among Brazil, Argentina, The Argentine-Brazilian Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials and the International Atomic Energy Agency; and (3) a bilateral Open Skies agreement between Hungary and Romania in 1991. These examples illustrate that the relationship of regional or bilateral arms control or security agreements to international agreements depends on a number of factors: the overlap of provisions between regional and international agreements; the degree of interest in a regional agreement among the international community; efficiency in implementing the agreement; and numerous political considerations.Given the importance of regional security to the international community, regions should be encouraged to develop their own infrastructure for implementing regional arms control and other security agreements. A regional infrastructure need not preclude participation in an international regime. On the contrary, establishing regional institutions for arms control and nonproliferation could result in more proactive participation of regional parties in developing solutions for regional and international problems, thereby strengthening existing and future international regimes. Possible first steps for strengthening regional infrastructures are identified and potential technical requirements are discussed.

Pregenzer, A.L.; Vannoni, M.; Biringer, K.L.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

The Dawn of Nuclear Photonics with Laser-based Gamma-rays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A renaissance in nuclear physics is occurring around the world because of a new kind of incredibly bright, gamma-ray light source that can be created with short pulse lasers and energetic electron beams. These highly Mono-Energetic Gamma-ray (MEGa-ray) sources produce narrow, laser-like beams of incoherent, tunable gamma-rays and are enabling access and manipulation of the nucleus of the atom with photons or so called 'Nuclear Photonics'. Just as in the early days of the laser when photon manipulation of the valence electron structure of the atom became possible and enabling to new applications and science, nuclear photonics with laser-based gamma-ray sources promises both to open up wide areas of practical isotope-related, materials applications and to enable new discovery-class nuclear science. In the United States, the development of high brightness and high flux MEGa-ray sources is being actively pursued at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in Livermore (LLNL), California near San Francisco. The LLNL work aims to create by 2013 a machine that will advance the state of the art with respect to source the peak brightness by 6 orders of magnitude. This machine will create beams of 1 to 2.3 MeV photons with color purity matching that of common lasers. In Europe a similar but higher photon energy gamma source has been included as part of the core capability that will be established at the Extreme Light Infrastructure Nuclear Physics (ELI-NP) facility in Magurele, Romania outside of Bucharest. This machine is expected to have an end point gamma energy in the range of 13 MeV. The machine will be co-located with two world-class, 10 Petawatt laser systems thus allowing combined intense-laser and gamma-ray interaction experiments. Such capability will be unique in the world. In this talk, Dr. Chris Barty from LLNL will review the state of the art with respect to MEGa-ray source design, construction and experiments and will describe both the ongoing projects around the world as well some of the exciting applications that these machines will enable. The optimized interaction of short-duration, pulsed lasers with relativistic electron beams (inverse laser-Compton scattering) is the key to unrivaled MeV-scale photon source monochromaticity, pulse brightness and flux. In the MeV spectral range, such Mono-Energetic Gamma-ray (MEGa-ray) sources can have many orders of magnitude higher peak brilliance than even the world's largest synchrotrons. They can efficiently perturb and excite the isotope-specific resonant structure of the nucleus in a manner similar to resonant laser excitation of the valence electron structure of the atom.

Barty, C J

2011-03-17T23:59:59.000Z