National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for latvia romania bulgaria

  1. Stories of the Twentieth Century for the Twenty-First

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gourinchas, Pierre-Olivier; Obstfeld, Maurice

    2011-01-01

    Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Serbia,Bulgaria, Croatia, Macedonia, and Slovenia all experiencedKazakhstan Korea Lebanon Macedonia Malaysia Mexico Nigeria

  2. Latvia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History ViewInformationWinds Jump to:Laredo Ridge Wind FarmCaliforniaLatvia:

  3. Introduction InBulgaria,theEuropeanpondturtle(Emysorbicularis)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mollov, Ivelin Aldinov

    ". It is also listed in the annexes II and IV of the Habitat Directive (Council Directive 92/43/ EEC, 1992) of the Bern Convention, which came into effect in Bulgaria on May 1st, 1991 (Bern Convention, 1979); listed

  4. Tolerance for Income Inequality and Redistributive Preferences: Cross-nation and Multilevel Perspectives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tay, Thiam Chye

    2013-01-01

    Rep. Latvia Bulgaria Croatia Turkey Poland South AfricaTurkey Estonia China Austria Croatia Philippines UK DenmarkIsrael South Africa Turkey Croatia Bulgaria Latvia France

  5. Railroad Surveying as Practiced in Bulgaria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patchejieff, Boris J.

    1913-01-01

    In the following pages, I will try to give a description of the methods used for railway surveying in Bulgaria. These methods are results of long years of experience and practice and are suited to meet the requirements of the country...

  6. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Prehistoric cereal foods from Greece and Bulgaria: investigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marinova, Elena

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Prehistoric cereal foods from Greece and Bulgaria: investigation of starch prehistoric sites in Greece and Bulgaria has been analysed. A comparative modern set of cooked (&) Department of Archaeology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece e-mail: sval

  7. Economic Perceptions and Economic Voting in Post Communist Countries of East Central Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tverdova, Yuliya V.

    2007-01-01

    Hungary Latvia Lithuania Macedonia Poland Romania SloveniaHungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, andDemocratic Party of Macedonia, which received the plurality

  8. ISSN 1745-9648 Electricity Reform in Romania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feigon, Brooke

    ISSN 1745-9648 Electricity Reform in Romania by Oana Diaconu Department of Economics and Management-11 Abstract: Romania is a net exporter of electricity to the SE Europe region. Its performance of this role for international transmission. Romania has committed itself to an electricity restructuring plan that includes

  9. WRF-Fire Applied in Bulgaria Nina Dobrinkova1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borissova, Daniela

    WRF-Fire Applied in Bulgaria Nina Dobrinkova1 Georgi Jordanov2 Jan Mandel3 1 Institute and Statistical Sciences University of Colorado Denver jan.mandel@ucdenver.edu Abstract. WRF-Fire consists of the WRF (Weather Research and Forecasting Model) coupled with a fire spread model, based on the level- set

  10. Passive solar systems performance under conditions in Bulgaria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lekov, A.B.; Balcomb, J.D.

    1989-12-01

    This paper presents energy performance of 12 passive solar systems for three climatically different zones of Bulgaria. The results are compared with a base-case residential house that has a design typical for these areas. The different passive solar systems are compared on the basis of the percentage of solar savings and the yield, which is the annual net benefit of adding the passive solar system. The analyses are provided based on monthly meteorological data, and the method used for calculations is the Solar Load Ratio. Recommendations for Bulgarian conditions are given. 5 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

  11. Romania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,EnergyEast Jump to:Ridgway,RochesterMissouri:Romania: Energy

  12. Computer Engineering Department, "Lucian Blaga" University of Sibiu, Romania http://csac.ulbsibiu.ro/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vintan, Lucian N.

    : Min/Max y = f(x) = (f1(x), f2(x) ... fn(x)) x = (x1, x2, ..., xm) X - decision vector (no. of coresComputer Engineering Department, "Lucian Blaga" University of Sibiu, Romania http" University of Sibiu (LBUS), Romania Academy of Technical Sciences of Romania #12;22 Computer Engineering

  13. International Conference RANLP 2009 -Borovets, Bulgaria, pages 299304 Evaluating term extraction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of evaluation putting aside the ergonomic and software aspects. We propose a comparative and applicationInternational Conference RANLP 2009 - Borovets, Bulgaria, pages 299­304 Evaluating term extraction@lipn.univ-paris13.fr Abstract In contrast with other NLP tasks, only few and limited evaluation challenges have been

  14. Feasibility study for a new thermal power station in Latvia. Desk Study Report No. 2. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-08-01

    The Government of Latvia has requested the U.S. Trade and Development Program's (TDP's) assistance in financing the cost of a feasibility study to develop a new 300 MW thermal power station aimed at reducing the present shortage of electricity. The objectives are: A review of the power sector in general, and the thermal power subsector in particular, to identify the deficiencies and requirements; Preliminary identification of a suitable site; Development of an optimum plant size; An economic and financial analysis of the proposed project; Development of engineering cost estimates and project schedule; Development of a financing plan and preparation of the necessary material for the government to seek financing from international investors/lenders; Assessment of the training requirements of the Latvian power sector engineers and managers.

  15. Heat pump assisted geothermal heating system for Felix Spa, Romania

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rosca, Marcel; Maghiar, Teodor

    1996-01-24

    The paper presents a pre-feasibility type study of a proposed heat pump assisted geothermal heating system for an average hotel in Felix Spa, Romania. After a brief presentation of the geothermal reservoir, the paper gives the methodology and the results of the technical and economical calculations. The technical and economical viability of the proposed system is discussed in detail in the final part of the paper.

  16. The new, the old, the modern : architecture and its representation in socialist Romania, 1955-1965

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxim, Juliana, 1970-

    2006-01-01

    This dissertation examines how the architectural culture of postwar Romania participated in the socialist regime's attempt to construct a new and collectivist environment. The dissertation works from a close reading of ...

  17. Events in Emerging Text Types (eETTs) -Borovets, Bulgaria, pages 18 Summarizing Blog Entries versus News Texts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Events in Emerging Text Types (eETTs) - Borovets, Bulgaria, pages 1­8 Summarizing Blog Entries and more people are expressing their opinions on the web in the form of weblogs (or blogs), research event or entity in blog entries. How- ever, the variety of blog posts and the infor- mal style

  18. Air Shipment of Spent Nuclear Fuel from Romania to Russia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Igor Bolshinsky; Ken Allen; Lucian Biro; Alexander Buchelnikov

    2010-10-01

    Romania successfully completed the world’s first air shipment of spent nuclear fuel transported in Type B(U) casks under existing international laws and without shipment license special exceptions when the last Romanian highly enriched uranium (HEU) spent nuclear fuel was transported to the Russian Federation in June 2009. This air shipment required the design, fabrication, and licensing of special 20 foot freight containers and cask tiedown supports to transport the eighteen TUK 19 shipping casks on a Russian commercial cargo aircraft. The new equipment was certified for transport by road, rail, water, and air to provide multi modal transport capabilities for shipping research reactor spent fuel. The equipment design, safety analyses, and fabrication were performed in the Russian Federation and transport licenses were issued by both the Russian and Romanian regulatory authorities. The spent fuel was transported by truck from the VVR S research reactor to the Bucharest airport, flown by commercial cargo aircraft to the airport at Yekaterinburg, Russia, and then transported by truck to the final destination in a secure nuclear facility at Chelyabinsk, Russia. This shipment of 23.7 kg of HEU was coordinated by the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program (RRRFR), as part of the U.S. Department of Energy Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI), in close cooperation with the Rosatom State Atomic Energy Corporation and the International Atomic Energy Agency, and was managed in Romania by the National Commission for Nuclear Activities Control (CNCAN). This paper describes the planning, shipment preparations, equipment design, and license approvals that resulted in the safe and secure air shipment of this spent nuclear fuel.

  19. List of participants Prague Czech Republic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Austria Warsaw Poland Istanbul Turkey Czech Republic Romania Romania Riga Latvia Luxembourg Luxembourg Potsdam Germany Austria Hungary Poland Russia Austria Czech Republic Hungary Hatfield United Kingdom Budapest Hungary Thailand Dresden Germany Czech Republic Austria Slovakia Austria Austria Prague Czech

  20. Air Shipment of Highly Enriched Uranium Spent Nuclear Fuel from Romania

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    K. J. Allen; I. Bolshinsky; L. L. Biro; M. E. Budu; N. V. Zamfir; M. Dragusin

    2010-07-01

    Romania safely air shipped 23.7 kilograms of Russian origin highly enriched uranium (HEU) spent nuclear fuel from the VVR S research reactor at Magurele, Romania, to the Russian Federation in June 2009. This was the world’s first air shipment of spent nuclear fuel transported in a Type B(U) cask under existing international laws without special exceptions for the air transport licenses. This shipment was coordinated by the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program (RRRFR), part of the U.S. Department of Energy Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI), in cooperation with the Romania National Commission for Nuclear Activities Control (CNCAN), the Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN-HH), and the Russian Federation State Corporation Rosatom. The shipment was transported by truck to and from the respective commercial airports in Romania and the Russian Federation and stored at a secure nuclear facility in Russia where it will be converted into low enriched uranium. With this shipment, Romania became the 3rd country under the RRRFR program and the 14th country under the GTRI program to remove all HEU. This paper describes the work, equipment, and approvals that were required to complete this spent fuel air shipment.

  1. Research Reactor Preparations for the Air Shipment of Highly Enriched Uranium from Romania

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    K. J. Allen; I. Bolshinsky; L. L. Biro; M. E. Budu; N. V. Zamfir; M. Dragusin; C. Paunoiu; M. Ciocanescu

    2010-03-01

    In June 2009 two air shipments transported both unirradiated (fresh) and irradiated (spent) Russian-origin highly enriched uranium (HEU) nuclear fuel from two research reactors in Romania to the Russian Federation for conversion to low enriched uranium. The Institute for Nuclear Research at Pitesti (SCN Pitesti) shipped 30.1 kg of HEU fresh fuel pellets to Dimitrovgrad, Russia and the Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN-HH) shipped 23.7 kilograms of HEU spent fuel assemblies from the VVR S research reactor at Magurele, Romania, to Chelyabinsk, Russia. Both HEU shipments were coordinated by the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program (RRRFR) as part of the U.S. Department of Energy Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI), were managed in Romania by the National Commission for Nuclear Activities Control (CNCAN), and were conducted in cooperation with the Russian Federation State Corporation Rosatom and the International Atomic Energy Agency. Both shipments were transported by truck to and from respective commercial airports in Romania and the Russian Federation and stored at secure nuclear facilities in Russia until the material is converted into low enriched uranium. These shipments resulted in Romania becoming the 3rd country under the RRRFR program and the 14th country under the GTRI program to remove all HEU. This paper describes the research reactor preparations and license approvals that were necessary to safely and securely complete these air shipments of nuclear fuel.

  2. From promise to peril: the evolution of antisemitic legislation in Romania during the second half of the nineteenth century 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, Mary Terese

    1995-01-01

    -Hungary and Russia . . The Treaty of Berlin. Conclusion. IV THE DENIAL OF ECONOMIC OPPORTUNlTIES. . . . . . . . . . . . Residential and Real Estate Laws . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Limitations in the Economic Sectors... living in Romania had almost complete religious freedom and pogroms were nearly unknown. The steady stream of Jews immigrating to Romania from the oppressive environment in Russia during the first half of the nineteenth century is ample evidence...

  3. Romania program targets methanol and Fischer-Tropsch research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-03-01

    Currently, the chemical organic industry, the petrochemical and engine fuels industry in Romania are entirely based on hydrocarbons from oil. To reduce the oil dependence of this sector and to ensure the stipulated growth rate of 8-9%, research and development programs have been set up with a view to the diversification of raw materials. In research on hydrocarbons from alcohol conversion, three process variants are known, i.e. olefins from methanol, gasolines from methanol and a combined gasolines and aromatic hydrocarbons from methanol. The Romanian process of methanol conversion to hydrocarbons is very flexible, with all the variants mentioned being carried out in the same plant by modifying the catalysts. In research on hydrocarbons from synthesis gas a modern process is being developed for gasification of brown coal in a fluidized bed, under pressure, in the presence of oxygen and water vapors. In the field of carbon oxide hydrogenation, studies have been carried out on selective Fischer-Tropsch processes in which the reaction products are high value hydrocarbon fractions.

  4. Modern Wood Energy Systems and Markets 16-17 September 2008, Timisoara, Romania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , such as sawnwood dropped to their lowest levels since 1991. · Russian export taxes on roundwood are disrupting, Timisoara, Romania II. Market drivers · US housing market · Energy prices · Russian export taxes · China · Pellet production in Europe, Canada, Russia · Competition with wood industry · Concern for sustainability

  5. POWERTECH 2009, JUNE 28 -JULY 2, 2009, BUCHAREST, ROMANIA 1 Incorporation of Demand Response Resources in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, George

    POWERTECH 2009, JUNE 28 - JULY 2, 2009, BUCHAREST, ROMANIA 1 Incorporation of Demand Response, IEEE, Abstract--The use of demand-side resources, in general, and demand response resources (DRRs concerns. Integration of demand response resources in the competitive electricity markets impacts resource

  6. Characterisation of Fourteenth-Century Bell-Casting Pit in Old Town Hall Sibiu, Romania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agata Olariu; Petre Munteanu-Besliu

    1999-08-17

    In this work we have made an analytical investigation by neutron activation analysis and X-ray fluorescence of a number of pieces found on the two hearths and the slag layer discovered at the Old Town Hall from Sibiu, Romania and some bells from the surrounding region of Sibiu. The elemental analyses suggest the fact that the hearths preserve traces of an activity of alloying of copper with tin for casting bells.

  7. AIR SHIPMENT OF HIGHLY ENRICHED URANIUM SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL FROM ROMANIA AND LIBYA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Christopher Landers; Igor Bolshinsky; Ken Allen; Stanley Moses

    2010-07-01

    In June 2009 Romania successfully completed the world’s first air shipment of highly enriched uranium (HEU) spent nuclear fuel transported in Type B(U) casks under existing international laws and without special exceptions for the air transport licenses. Special 20-foot ISO shipping containers and cask tiedown supports were designed to transport Russian TUK 19 shipping casks for the Romanian air shipment and the equipment was certified for all modes of transport, including road, rail, water, and air. In December 2009 Libya successfully used this same equipment for a second air shipment of HEU spent nuclear fuel. Both spent fuel shipments were transported by truck from the originating nuclear facilities to nearby commercial airports, were flown by commercial cargo aircraft to a commercial airport in Yekaterinburg, Russia, and then transported by truck to their final destinations at the Production Association Mayak facility in Chelyabinsk, Russia. Both air shipments were performed under the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program (RRRFR) as part of the U.S. National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI). The Romania air shipment of 23.7 kg of HEU spent fuel from the VVR S research reactor was the last of three HEU fresh and spent fuel shipments under RRRFR that resulted in Romania becoming the 3rd RRRFR participating country to remove all HEU. Libya had previously completed two RRRFR shipments of HEU fresh fuel so the 5.2 kg of HEU spent fuel air shipped from the IRT 1 research reactor in December made Libya the 4th RRRFR participating country to remove all HEU. This paper describes the equipment, preparations, and license approvals required to safely and securely complete these two air shipments of spent nuclear fuel.

  8. Traces of Radioactive 131I in Rain Water Samples in Romania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Margineanu, Romul; Apostu, Ana; Gomoiu, Claudia

    2011-01-01

    Measurements of I-131 (T1/2 = 8.04 days) have been performed in IFIN-HH's underground laboratory situated in Unirea salt mine from Slanic-Prahova, Romania. The rain water samples were collected in March 27th in Brasov and March 27th and 29th in Slanic. The samples were measured using a high resolution gamma-ray spectrometer equipped with a GeHP detector having a FWHM = 1.80 keV at 1332.48 keV at the second Co-60 gammaray, and a relative efficiency of 22.8 %. The results show a specific activity of I-131 of 0.35 \\pm 0.04 Bq/dm^3 in Brasov and 0.39 \\pm 0.04 Bq/dm^3, 0.13 \\pm 0.03 Bq/dm^3 and 0.71 \\pm 0.06 Bq/dm^3 in Slanic.

  9. The Management of the Radioactive Waste Generated by Cernavoda NPP, Romania, an Example of International Cooperation - 13449

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barariu, Gheorghe

    2013-07-01

    The design criteria and constraints for the development of the management strategy for radioactive waste generated from operating and decommissioning of CANDU Nuclear Units from Cernavoda NPP in Romania, present many specific aspects. The main characteristics of CANDU type waste are its high concentrations of tritium and radiocarbon. Also, the existing management strategy for radioactive waste at Cernavoda NPP provides no treatment or conditioning for radioactive waste disposal. These characteristics embodied a challenging effort, in order to select a proper strategy for radioactive waste management at present, when Romania is an EU member and a signatory country of the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management. The helping of advanced countries in radioactive waste management, directly or into the frame of the international organizations, like IAEA, become solve the aforementioned challenges at adequate level. (authors)

  10. New cosmic rays experiments in the underground laboratory of IFIN-HH from Slanic Prahova, Romania

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mitrica, Bogdan; Stanca, Denis; Brancus, Iliana; Margineanu, Romul; Blebea-Apostu, Ana-Maria; Gomoiu, Claudia; Saftoiu, Alexandra; Toma, Gabriel; Gherghel-Lascu, Alexandru; Niculescu-Oglinzanu, Mihai; Rebel, Heinigerd; Haungs, Andreas; Sima, Octavian

    2015-02-24

    Since 2006 a modern laboratory has been developed by IFIN-HH in the underground of Slanic Prahova salt ore. This work presents a short review of previous scientific activities performed in the underground laboratory, in parallel with some plans for the future. A mobile detector for cosmic muon flux measurements has been set up at IFIN-HH, Romania. The device is used to measure the muon flux on different locations at the surface and underground and it consists of two detection layers, each one including four large scintillator plates. A new rotatable detector for measurements of the directional variation of the muon flux has been designed and it is presently under preliminary tests. Built from four layers of sensitive material and using for collecting the signals and directing them to the micro PMTs a new technique, through optical fibers instead wave length shifters, it allows an easy discrimination of the moun flux on the arrival directions of muons. Combining the possibility to rotate and the directionality properties, the underground muon detector is acting like a muon tomography device, being able to scan, using cosmic muons, the rock material above the detector. In parallel new detection system based on SiPM will be also installed in the following weeks. It should be composed by four layers, each layer consisting in 4 scintillator plates what we consider in the following as a module of detection. For this purpose, first two scintillator layers, with the optical fibers positioned on perpendicular directions are put in coincidence with other two layers, 1 m distance from the first two, with similar optical fiber arrangement, thus allowing reconstructing muon trajectory. It is intended also to design and construct an experimental device for the investigation of such radio antennas and the behavior of the signal in rock salt at the Slanic salt mine in Romania. Another method to detect high energy neutrinos is based on the detection of secondary particles resulting from the interaction with the salt massive. We intent to design and construct a 3D array in the underground of Slanic Prahova salt ore.

  11. An Update on Avian Flu The virus continues to spread in wild birds and poultry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Myanmar, India, Afghanistan, India, Iraq, Iran, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Turkey, Greece, Romania, Bulgaria-scale and statistically significant efficacy studies of anti-viral drugs like Tamiflu and Relenza against the H5N1 avian

  12. Consolidation of Democracy in Postcommunist Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandelj, Nina; Radu, Bogdan

    2006-01-01

    Bulgaria (1990-2002), Croatia (1992- 2002), Czech Republic (in 2001, while Romania and Croatia have yet to do so. Togovernment. In cases of Croatia during Tudjman’s presidency

  13. Endogeneity analysis of output synchronization in the current and prospective EMU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arestis, Philip; Phelps, Peter

    2015-10-08

    criterion, namely the business cycle synchronization. If one considers the 2004, 2007 and 2013 EU acceding countries of Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland (2004), Bulgaria, Romania (2007) and Croatia (2013), which are all obliged to adopt the euro after... , Slovakia, Estonia and Lithuania. 2 EEMU includes, in addition to the aforementioned EMU countries, the following candidates: Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Romania. Collectively EMU member states are referred to as EMUs...

  14. The morpho-topographic and cartographic analysis of the archaeological site Cornesti "Iarcuri", Timis County, Romania, using computer sciences methods (GIS and Remote Sensing techniques)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Micle, Dorel; Maruia, Liviu

    2009-01-01

    The archaeological site Cornesti "Iarcuri" is the largest earth fortification in Romania, made out of four concentric compounds, spreading over 1780 hectares. It is known since 1700, but it had only a few small attempts of systematic research, the fortress gained interest only after the publishing of some satellite images by Google Earth. It is located in an area of high fields and it occupies three interfluves and contains two streams. Our paper contains a geomorphologic, topographic and cartographic analysis of the site in order to determine the limits, the structure, the morphology, the construction technique and the functionality of such a fortification.Our research is based on satellite image analysis, on archaeological topography, on soil, climate and vegetation analysis as a way to offer a complex image, through this interdisciplinary study of landscape archaeology. Through our work we try not to date the site as this objective will be achieved only after completing the systematic excavations which sta...

  15. European Union Data Protection Law and Media Expression: Fundamentally Off Balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erdos, David O.

    2015-06-16

    The laws of three countries (*Croatia, *Czech Republic and *Spain) provide no media derogation at all from any part of the data protection scheme. All these countries are therefore placed in category a/1 in relation to each data protection provision... the availability of media derogations in relation to all of the above principles. The law of some eighteen jurisdictions (Belgium, *Bulgaria, *Croatia, Cyprus, *Czech Republic, *Estonia, Greece, Hungary, *Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands...

  16. The Optimized Integration of the Decontamination Plan and the Radwaste Management Plan into Decommissioning Plan to the VVR-S Research Reactor from Romania

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barariu, G. [National Authority for Nuclear Activity-Subsidiary of Technology and Engineering for Nuclear Projects (Romania)

    2008-07-01

    The paper presents the progress of the Decontamination Plan and Radioactive Waste Management Plan which accompanies the Decommissioning Plan for research reactor VVR-S located in Magurele, Ilfov, near Bucharest, Romania. The new variant of the Decommissioning Plan was elaborated taking into account the IAEA recommendation concerning radioactive waste management. A new feasibility study for VVR-S decommissioning was also elaborated. The preferred safe management strategy for radioactive wastes produced by reactor decommissioning is outlined. The strategy must account for reactor decommissioning, as well as rehabilitation of the existing Radioactive Waste Treatment Plant and the upgrade of the Radioactive Waste Disposal Facility at Baita-Bihor. Furthermore, the final rehabilitation of the laboratories and reusing of cleaned reactor building is envisaged. An inventory of each type of radioactive waste is presented. The proposed waste management strategy is selected in accordance with the IAEA assistance. Environmental concerns are a part of the radioactive waste management strategy. In conclusion: The current version 8 of the Draft Decommissioning Plan which include the Integrated concept of Decontamination and Decommissioning and Radwaste Management, reflects the substantial work that has been incorporated by IFIN-HH in collaboration with SITON, which has resulted in substantial improvement in document The decommissioning strategy must take into account costs for VVR-S Reactor decommissioning, as well as costs for much needed refurbishments to the radioactive waste treatment plant and the Baita-Bihor waste disposal repository. Several improvements to the Baita-Bihor repository and IFIN-HH waste treatment facility were proposed. The quantities and composition of the radioactive waste generated by VVR-S Reactor dismantling were again estimated by streams and the best demonstrated practicable processing solution was proposed. The estimated quantities of materials to be managed in the near future raise some issues that need to be solved swiftly, such as treatment of aluminum and lead and graphite management. It is envisaged that these materials to be treated to Subsidiary for Nuclear Research (SCN) Pitesti. (authors)

  17. Provoking Tolerance: History, Sense of Self, and Difference in Latvia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dzenovska, Dace Agnese

    2009-01-01

    2002 The Problems with Racism. In Race Critical Theories.ze. January, 11. van Dijk, Teun A 2002 Denying Racism: EliteDiscourse and Racism. In Race Critical Theories. Essed,

  18. EUDEEP (Smart Grid Project) (Latvia) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, AlabamaETEC GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name: ETEC GmbH Place:Germany)Italy)

  19. Bulgaria: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin:PontiacInformationAssessment Toolkit

  20. Constitutional Environment and Entrepreneurship: An Empirical Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Wei

    2012-01-01

    Japan Kuwait Latvia Macedonia Malaysia Malta MauritiusItaly Japan Kuwait Latvia Macedonia Malaysia Malta MauritiusItaly Japan Kuwait Latvia Macedonia Malaysia Malta Mauritius

  1. Tritium Separation at Cernavoda Nuclear – Romania

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation from the 35th Tritium Focus Group Meeting held in Princeton New Jersey on May 05-07, 2015.

  2. Romania Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onRAPID/Geothermal/Exploration/ColoradoRemsenburg-Speonk, NewMichigan: EnergyRocklinRohm and Haas CoTexas:

  3. Advocacy Coalitions in East European Sex Tourism: The Case of Latvia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dean, Laura A.

    2011-12-31

    of sex tourism. East European destinations such as Riga have become more prevalent and accessible for sex tourists particularly from Western Europe. Despite this influx of sex tourists, the Latvian government has not formulated a policy response to manage...

  4. Deputy Secretary of Energy Meets with President of Latvia | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-in electricLaboratoryof EnergyWASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Secretary

  5. Cost Curves for Gas Supply Security: The Case of Bulgaria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silve, Florent; Noël, Pierre

    % of contracted gas consumption could not be served by the system. As Russian imports were completely shut down on 6th January, consumption had to abruptly adjust through rationing, dropping from about 13 mcm/d to about 6 mcm/d (Kardejak, 2009, slide 51... or other energy sources. Similarly, policies in place to mitigate the risks, including emergency plans, are ignored. This is why, like Findlater and Noël (2010) did for the Baltic States, we opt for a qualitative assessment of the security of supply...

  6. Sedimentological evolution of the Emine and Kamchia basins, eastern Bulgaria 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suttill, Hannah L.

    2009-11-26

    Mountain belts are inherently asymmetric, defined by the sense of plate subduction. The resultant orogen can be divided into peripheral and retro-arc wedges with the retro-wedge overlying the overthrust plate. Modelling ...

  7. Bulgaria-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank, Maine: EnergyEnergyOhio: EnergyNorth Dakota: EnergyGroups >(RECP) in

  8. Office Director, Department of Energy, Sophia, Bulgaria | National Nuclear

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal of HonorPoster Session |SecurityNSDDforSecurity

  9. The Precarious Role of Education in Identity and Value Formation Processes: The shift from state to market forces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desjardins, R

    2015-01-01

    Slovak Republic Iceland Croatia Austria Bulgaria Netherlandscannot be ignored. Bulgaria Croatia Lithuania Czech Republic

  10. Essays on the Economics of Environmental Issues: The Environmental Kuznets Curve to Optimal Energy Portfolios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meininger, Aaron G.

    2012-01-01

    Herz. Bulgaria Croatia Macedonia, FYR Rep. Moldova NorwayHerz Bulgaria Croatia 15500 FYR Macedonia 8500 Rep. Moldova

  11. Are Levels of Democracy Influenced by Mass Attitudes? Testing a Central Premise of the Political Culture Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welzel, Christian

    2006-01-01

    Poland Chile Bulgaria Croatia Albania S. Africa Switzld. S.Bulgaria, Chile, China, Croatia, Czech Rep. , Estonia,

  12. copyright FACULTY of ENGINEERING -HUNEDOARA, ROMANIA Siby ABRAHAM, 2.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanyal, Sugata

    HILL CLIMBING 1. DEPT. OF MATHS & STATS, G. N. KHALSA COLLEGE, UNIVERSITY OF MUMBAI, MUMBAI, INDIA 2 3. SCHOOL TECH & COMP SC, TATA INST. OF FUNDAMENTAL RESEARCH, MUMBAI, INDIA 4. DEPT. OF MATHEMATICS, MITHIBAI COLLEGE, UNIVERSITY OF MUMBAI, MUMBAI, INDIA ABSTRACT: The paper proposes a methodology to find

  13. copyright FACULTY of ENGINEERING HUNEDOARA, ROMANIA 71 Shantanu PAL, 2.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanyal, Sugata

    FOR ENSURING CLOUD SECURITY 1, 2, 3. 92 A. P. C. ROAD, UNIVERSITY OF CALCUTTA, INDIA 4. TATA INSTITUTE for ensuring privacy and security in a cloud computing environment. In cloud, user's data is stored in one leakage in cloud storage. Having this security challenge in mind, this paper focuses on the development

  14. NNSA, Romania Launch Radiation Detection System at International Airport

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJessework usesof EnergyY-12 National SecurityDevelopment Flight Testnear

  15. Farmer on a farm in the Moamba district. the jatropha trap?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Honduras, Hungary, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea, Latvia, Liberia, Lithuania, Luxembourg

  16. Empowering Women: The Role of Economic Development, Political Culture and Institutional Design in the World’s Societies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander, Amy C.

    2007-01-01

    Lesotho, Liberia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malawi, Mali, Malta,Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malta, Mexico, Moldova,

  17. of PhysicsTuesday, March 29, 2005 of Physics 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auzinsh, Marcis

    University of Latvia Department of PhysicsTuesday, March 29, 2005 - 1 - World Year of Physics 2005 #12;University of Latvia Department of PhysicsTuesday, March 29, 2005 - 2 - World Year of Physics 2005 Latvia #12;University of Latvia Department of PhysicsTuesday, March 29, 2005 - 3 - World Year of Physics

  18. of PhysicsTuesday, March 08, 2005 of Physics 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auzinsh, Marcis

    University of Latvia Department of PhysicsTuesday, March 08, 2005 - 1 - World Year of Physics 2005 of Latvia Department of PhysicsTuesday, March 08, 2005 - 2 - World Year of Physics 2005 Latvia #12;University of Latvia Department of PhysicsTuesday, March 08, 2005 - 3 - World Year of Physics 2005 University

  19. International Conference RANLP 2009 -Borovets, Bulgaria, pages 123127 Learning to Identify Educational Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    several features characteristic to educational resources, which can be used to identify the educativeness-digital, that may be used for learning, education or training" [2], or "any digital resource that can be reused of the Web as an educational resource through the automatic identification of learning assets on the Web

  20. International Conference RANLP 2009 -Borovets, Bulgaria, pages 318323 Towards efficient production of linguistic resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ~na, Espa~na mmolinero@udc.es Projet ALPAGE, INRIA Rocquencourt + Paris 7, France {benoit.sagot, Eric.De La Clergerie}@inria.fr · Grupo Cole, Univ. de Vigo, Espa~na {etrigo,jmv}@uvigo.es, alonso@udc.es Abstract

  1. Workshop On Definition Extraction 2009 -Borovets, Bulgaria, pages 3339, Language Independent System for Definition Extraction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on different corpus get worst. In the case of classification approach one of the main issue to be dealt with is the sparseness of definitions in a corpus. It is a matter of fact that the number of definition bearing sentences] used a balanced corpus where the definition-bearing sentences represent 59% of the whole corpus, while

  2. www.sciencemag.org SCIENCE VOL 298 1 NOVEMBER 2002 953 Energy in Sofia, Bulgaria.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monteiro, Antónia

    quote, "in biology, nothing makes sense except in light of evo- lution," on its ear. Evolution, it turns biology--evo-devo--are turning their at- tention away from dramatic evolutionary events and toward into how the same mechanisms might underlie both types of evolution. Evo-devo work hasn't always had

  3. Student Research Workshop, RANLP 2009 -Borovets, Bulgaria, pages 1822 LOGICON: A System for Extracting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for Extracting Semantic Structure using Partial Parsing Kais Dukes School of Computing, University of Leeds LS2 9JT, United Kingdom sckd@leeds.ac.uk Abstract Partial parsing is an established NLP technique used parsing, annotated corpora, constituent structure, thematic relations, semantic role labeling, syntax

  4. Efficient Probabilistic Model Based Approaches for Analysis of Human Genomic Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Wenyun

    2013-01-01

    Russia Ukraine Germany France Turkey France Romania GreeceRussia Ukraine Germany France Turkey Germany Romania GreeceRussia Russia Ukraine Germany France Turkey Germany Romania

  5. The power of the family

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alesina, Alberto; Giuliano, Paola

    2010-01-01

    regressions on family ties Croatia Algeria Finland SwedenCzech Republic Bulgaria Croatia Algeria Saudi Arabia CzechSweden Belgium Bulgaria Croatia Germany Netherlands Denmark

  6. Tax Morale and Conditional Cooperation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frey, Bruno S.; Torgler, Benno

    2006-01-01

    Estonia, Ukraine, Russia, Croatia, Slovakia, Greece, andBelarus Bulgaria Croatia Czech Republic -0.282*** -5.74 -Republic, Bulgaria, Croatia, and Poland exhibit relatively

  7. Stories of the Twentieth Century for the Twenty-First

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gourinchas, Pierre-Olivier; Obstfeld, Maurice

    2011-01-01

    Bosnia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary,Ukraine, Bulgaria, Croatia, Macedonia, and Slovenia allChile China Columbia Croatia Dominican Republic Ecuador

  8. International reserves management and the current account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua

    2007-01-01

    People's Dem.Rep Latvia Liberia Malawi Myanmar Panama PeruLao People's Dem.Rep Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi MaliDem.Rep Latvia Lesotho Liberia Libya Libya Lithuania

  9. Name * First Last Address Street Address Address Line 2 City State ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ... Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, North Korea, South Korea, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho ...

  10. Symposium Registration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ... Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, North Korea, South Korea, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho ...

  11. Proceedings of Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing, pages 2531, Hissar, Bulgaria, 7-13 September 2013.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    approaches to NER. Linguistic rule based, statistical based, and hybrid. Rule-based methods are usually based, 2012). Statistical and machine learning approaches generally require a large amount of manually. Hassina Aliane Research Center on Scientific and Technical Information, Algeria haliane@hotmail.com Amina

  12. Proceedings of the Joint Workshop on NLP&LOD and SWAIE, pages 811, Hissar, Bulgaria, 12 September 2013.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the 2010 Bil- lion Triple Challenge (BTC) data set, as well as DBpedia (Auer et al., 2007) and Free

  13. Proceedings of Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing, pages 727732, Hissar, Bulgaria, 12-14 September 2011.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    given by this automatic titling approach are rele- vant. 1 Introduction Web pages contain a multitude. The main idea is to extract, from a given text, the most rele- vant noun phrase and use it as title

  14. International Conference RANLP 2009 -Borovets, Bulgaria, pages 264269 A morphological and syntactic wide-coverage lexicon for Spanish

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    In this paper, we introduce the L´exico de Formas Flexionadas del Espa~nol (Leffe), a wide flexionadas del espa~nol - Lexicon of Spanish inflected forms 2 Lexique des formes fl´echies du franc

  15. Proceedings of Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing, pages 261267, Hissar, Bulgaria, 12-14 September 2011.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .7 50.0 0.8 1.6 Table 1: Baseline scores for the English data set in the SEMEVAL task 1. IM MUC B3 CEAFE English data sets used in the SEMEVAL 2010 shared task 1 and the CONLL 2011 shared task using the scorers of both shared tasks. We show that single- tons, both in the gold standard and in the sys- tem output

  16. Proceedings of Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing, pages 3340, Hissar, Bulgaria, 12-14 September 2011.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    language processing tasks often rely on part-of-speech (POS) tagging as a prepro- cessing step. However task and compare systems relying either on POS induction, on POS tagging, or on lexical features only as a baseline. Our experiments on the English CoNLL'2000 dataset show a significant benefit from POS induction

  17. Proceedings of Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing, pages 9197, Hissar, Bulgaria, 7-13 September 2013.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -13 September 2013. A Unified Lexical Processing Framework Based on the Margin Infused Relaxed Algorithm. A Case we describe how the above mentioned tasks can be achieved using a Perceptron with the Margin Infused presents a unified lexical processing framework based on the Margin Infused Relaxed Algorithm (MIRA

  18. Proceedings of Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing, pages 525531, Hissar, Bulgaria, 7-13 September 2013.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to the specific lexicon and style of each inventor (Alberts et al., 2011). Patent applica- tions are published the alternative expressions each inventor may use to describe the same concept (Hunt et al., 2007). It is known and inventor- specific term definitions. Wikipedia is constantly updated; besides the multiple critiques

  19. Proceedings of Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing, pages 316322, Hissar, Bulgaria, 12-14 September 2011.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    how the national topics were a focus of interest for writ- ing and conflict. Could of altruism (Nov, 2007). However, some informal surveys in Catalan WP association `Amical Viquipèdia' showed language edi- tion. Autoreferentiality concept we propose stands out to describe the interest of a culture

  20. Proceedings of Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing, pages 633639, Hissar, Bulgaria, 7-13 September 2013.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    obtained from anal- ysis of 752 posts dedicated to infertility treatments. Our best results improve multi online for information about health topics such as a specific disease or treatment (Fox 2011 of available treatments, evaluations of alternative treatments; b) in seeking emotional support - anonymous

  1. Accepted for publication in Climate Policy (Septembre 2008) Quotas allocation rules in Romania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    and hydroelectricity). (2) Including all sectors in the trade creates a more flexible market than in the ETS, since

  2. Institutional arrangements and land reallocation during transition : a regional analysis of small farms in Romania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vidican Sgouridis, Georgeta

    2008-01-01

    My dissertation examines an unexpected outcome of post-socialist agricultural transformation in the Central and Eastern European countries. Contrary to the initial expectations of Neoliberal transition policy-makers, various ...

  3. The 'Circular' Piazza : landscape and history as architectural material : Constanta, Romania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Urma, Ioana Ruxandra, 1972-

    2001-01-01

    Ideas. This thesis attempts to demonstrate that architecture, conceived from human experience, is a dual process of thinking and doing, in addition to being a building or a final product, and can occur at any scale of ...

  4. Romania-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP)

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onRAPID/Geothermal/Exploration/ColoradoRemsenburg-Speonk, NewMichigan: EnergyRocklinRohm and Haas CoTexas:in Developing

  5. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01

    Romania Russia Chapter 7, Imports and Exports Exports Coke2] (t) Exports Imports Qatar Romania Russia Rwanda St.Exports Imports Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Qatar Romania Russia

  6. The OECD Anti-Bribery Convention: Changing the Currents of Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D'Souza, Anna

    2009-01-01

    Against Corruption – that covered countries like Mexico,Turkey Bulgaria Mexico Higher levels of corruption GroupMexico, Bulgaria, Argentina) exhibit a large, significant post-Convention decline in bilateral exports to high corruption

  7. WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic, 2015: Raising taxes on tobacco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization

    2015-01-01

    Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kiribati, New zealand,Bulgaria, Chile, Croatia,* Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia,Belgium EuR Bulgaria BGN Croatia HRK Cyprus EuR Czech

  8. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01

    Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya Lithuania LuxembourgEritrea Brunei Darussalam Liberia Fiji South AfricaEthiopia Niger Somalia Eritrea Liberia Pakistan Timor-Leste

  9. Awardee AwardeeHeadquarters RecoveryFunding TotalValue Denmark

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Cyprus Czech Republic Finland Germany Greece Hungary Italy Latvia Poland SVEZIA Spain Turkey United Kingdom Dublin Ireland Ireland Denmark Belgium Austria Czech Republic Denmark...

  10. The power of the family

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alesina, Alberto; Giuliano, Paola

    2010-01-01

    Denmark, Estonia, Spain, Finland, France, Great Britain,ties Croatia Algeria Finland Sweden Latvia Czech RepublicRep. South Africa (Union of) Finland Korea Mexico Bangladesh

  11. Santeri Nuorteva and the Embassy of the International Revolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kellner, Joseph

    2013-01-01

    the Empire’s borderlands, in Finland and Latvia, the Pale ofcircles both in Tsarist Finland and the United States. 15bourgeois vocations in Finland (journalist, language

  12. United States and Latvian Governments Sign Agreement to Allow...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    from Latvia's shutdown research reactors at Salaspils; security enhancement of the reactor site and storage of the nuclear materials at the site; and safe and secure storage of...

  13. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01

    Libya Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia, FYR Madagascar MalawiTajikistan Mexico Portugal Macedonia, F.Y.R. LithuaniaRepublic Latvia Lithuania Macedonia, FYR Moldova Poland

  14. Understanding Democratic Congruence: A Demand-Supply Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welzel, Christian; Klingemann, Hans-Dieter

    2007-01-01

    Ireland Philippines India Croatia France Argentina Luxemb.S. Korea Domin. R. Jordan Croatia Latvia Morocco BrazilSlovenia Uruguay Mexico Croatia Brazil Domin. R. Cyprus

  15. Use and analysis of new optimization techniques for decision theory and data mining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moreno Centeno, Erick

    2010-01-01

    Latvia Australia N. Zealand Croatia Cyprus InsI Country 2Belgium Brazil Canada Chile Croatia Cyprus Denmark EstoniaAustria Belgium Canada Croatia Cyprus Denmark Estonia Israel

  16. Physica A 362 (2006) 465470 Fractionally integrated process for transition economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanley, H. Eugene

    2006-01-01

    Engineering, University of Rijeka, Rijeka, Croatia, Rudjer Boskovic Institute, Zagreb, Croatia b Center Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Croatia, Lithuania, Estonia and Latvia. All

  17. Taking On Goliath - Civil Society's Leadership Role in Tobacco Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Open Society Institute

    2007-01-01

    Kazakhstan Moldova Romania Ukraine OPEN SOCIETY INSTITUTEwww.icps.com.ua/doc/Tobacco_in_Ukraine_ENG.pdf. 15. PetoKazakhstan Moldova Romania Ukraine Lessons Learned Notes

  18. International Framework for Nuclear Energy Cooperation (IFNEC...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    International Framework for Nuclear Energy Cooperation (IFNEC) Expert meetings in Romania International Framework for Nuclear Energy Cooperation (IFNEC) Expert meetings in Romania...

  19. Roma Migration Inequalities in Modern Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexieva, Petrouchka

    2007-01-01

    from Yugoslavia, Romania or Macedonia. They looked upon thewere deported back to Macedonia, Yugoslavia, and Romania,Montenegro, Slovakia, Macedonia, Croatia, and the Czech

  20. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01

    Coal Products (t) Exports Imports Angola Argentina Australia II Austria Bahrain Bangladesh Belgium Brazil Bulgaria Burma (Myanmar) Belarus Canada

  1. WHO REPORT ON THE GLOBAL TOBACCO EPIDEMIC, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO World Health Organization

    2013-01-01

    Australia, Austria, Barbados, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada,Argentina*, Australia, Barbados, Bhutan, Brazil*, BruneiArgentina Bahamas Barbados Belize Bolivia (Plurinational

  2. TNCs and the Removal of Textiles and Clothing Quotas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2005, UNCTAD; Appelbaum, Richard P.

    2005-01-01

    direct investment (FDI) projects in textiles and clothing manufacturing show that China, Bulgaria, the United States, Hungary, Brazil and

  3. Paleomagnetic and chronostratigraphic constraints on the Middle to Late Miocene evolution of the Transylvanian Basin (Romania): Implications for Central Paratethys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    paleomagnetism magnetostratigraphy tectonic rotation environmental change From the Oligocene onwards, the complex tectonic evolution of the Africa­Eurasia collision zone led to paleogeo- graphic and biogeographic Badenian Salinity Crisis (BSC) up to 300 m of salt accumulate in the basin center. The faunal turnover

  4. A Postnational Double-Displacement: The Blurring of Anti-Roma Violence from Romania to Northern Ireland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McElroy, Erin

    2013-01-01

    and Immigration Services (INIS). 2011. “Immigration positionNationals. ” www.inis.gov.ie/en/INIS/Pages/ WP07000059 (data exchange (see INIS 2011). Prospective employers of A2

  5. Constraints from Moho geometry and crustal thickness on the geodynamic origin of the Vrancea Seismogenic Zone (Romania)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knapp, Camelia Cristina

    of industry deep seismic reflection data (Ramnicu Sarat and Braila profiles) from the SE Carpathian foreland of the orogen. These two deep (20s) seismic reflection profiles (70km length across the foreland) reveal (1 narrow (30�70�200km3 ) near vertical zone atypical for a Wadati­Benioff plane, located in front

  6. Origin and evolution of the South Carpathians basement (Romania): a zircon and monazite geochronologic study of its Alpine sedimentary cover

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holliday, Vance T.

    geochronologic study of its Alpine sedimentary cover Adriana M. Stoicaa , Mihai N. Duceaa,b , Relu D. Robana limited geochronological data on high-pressure metamorphic rocks from the Getic­ Supragetic basement. In addition to the timing of tectonic events in the Carpathian basement, geochronology of detrital minerals

  7. Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, pages 4348, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 4-9 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Analysis (Sofa) mechanism, that allows different facets of the input data to be rep- resented. We Ananiadou The National Centre for Text Mining, School of Computer Science, The University of Manchester 131, and over 40 LRs that process 15 European lan- guages have been added to the U-Compare component library

  8. Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, pages 884889, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 4-9 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    subjected to man- ual phonetic clustering analysis that is labor-intensive and subject to inter the subject of inten- sive research. In general, repetitive head trauma is a known risk factor for chronic of risk for developing these conditions. Furthermore, the development of new behavioral methods aimed

  9. Proceedings of the ACL Student Research Workshop, pages 96102, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 4-9 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - ues: verification (Czy Lee Oswald zabil Johna Kennedy'ego?, Eng. Did Lee Oswald kill John Kennedy?), option choosing (Który z nich zabil Johna Kennedy'ego: Lance Oswald czy Lee Os- wald?, Eng. Which one killed John Kennedy: Lance Oswald or Lee Oswald?), named entity (Kto zabil Johna Kennedy'ego?, Eng. Who

  10. Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, pages 169174, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 4-9 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in this regard, focusing on a single species, the red kite. We de- scribe a system that interprets a sequence, to increase public engagement with nature conservation issues. For instance, in the UK, the Open Air

  11. Proceedings of the Seventeenth Conference on Computational Natural Language Learning: Shared Task, pages 6267, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 8-9 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iran and North Ko- rea, the development of nuclear power is mainly determined by the political forces are implemented to meet the safety expectation of the op- eration of nuclear power plant. All these measures. For nations like Iran and North Korea, the development of nu- clear power is mainly determined by po- litical

  12. Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, pages 860865, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 4-9 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bombay, Mumbai, India. ankitr@cse.iitb.ac.in Pushpak Bhattacharyya Dept. of Computer Science & Engg., Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, India. pb@cse.iitb.ac.in Akshat Malu Dept. of Computer Science & Engg., Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, India. akshatmalu@cse.iitb.ac.in J

  13. Proceedings of the ACL Student Research Workshop, pages 142149, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 4-9 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    as equally grammatical and beginner reader appro- priate as a supervised SMT-based baseline system by native), Danish (Klerke and Søgaard, 2012), French (Seretan, 2012) and Swedish (Ry- bing and Smith, 2009; Decker, 2003). Our experi- ments use Danish text which is similar to English in that it has a deep orthography

  14. Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, pages 852861, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 4-9 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , but related to, the words in the rele- vant historical questions. For example, if a queried question contains the word "company" but a rele- vant historical question instead contains the word "firm

  15. Proceedings of the Workshop on Continuous Vector Space Models and their Compositionality, pages 3039, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 9 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -Gram-based Input Encoding for Continuous Space Language Models Henning Sperr , Jan Niehues and Alexander Waibel.lastname@kit.edu henning.sperr@student.kit.edu Abstract We present a letter-based encoding for words in continuous space approach is n-gram-based language models (Chen and Goodman, 1999). In recent years Continuous Space

  16. Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, pages 262267, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 4-9 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    evaluation campaign Pavel Braslavski Kontur Labs / Ural Federal University,Russia pbras@yandex.ru Alexander Beloborodov Ural Federal University Russia xander-beloborodov @yandex.ru Maxim Khalilov TAUS Labs

  17. Proceedings of the BioNLP Shared Task 2013 Workshop, pages 178187, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 9 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    about drugs in the DailyMed database (Polen et al., 2008). Biomed- ical literature mining is a powerful

  18. Proceedings of the Fourth Workshop on Teaching Natural Language Processing, pages 5155, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 4-9 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . However, the baggage associated with learn- ing the theory behind convolution kernels, which extends at their meaning level before we could translate them into the language of movement. By or- chestrating Introduction Natural Language Processing (NLP) and Machine Learning (ML) are making a significant impact in our

  19. Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, pages 10941104, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 4-9 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    probabilistic model for extracting events between major polit- ical actors from news corpora. Our un- supervised-level interactions be- tween major political actors of the form "someone does something to someone else" as reported in the open press (Schrodt, 2012), to study the pat- terns of interactions between political actors and how

  20. Proceedings of the Eighth Workshop on Statistical Machine Translation, pages 200205, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 8-9, 2013 c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and minimum Bayes-risk objective. 1 Introduction This paper describes the University of Cam- bridge system errors in decoding. It also allows better integration with other steps in our translation pipeline such as 5-gram lan- guage model (LM) rescoring and lattice minimum Bayes-risk (LMBR) decoding (Blackwood

  1. Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, pages 505510, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 4-9 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    bootstrapping sentiment-bearing terms from multilingual Twitter streams. Starting with a domain and new sentiment-bearing terms crop up. For example, the word "occupy" would not have been indicative in a streaming mode. To bootstrap subjectivity clues from Twitter streams we rely on three main assumptions: i

  2. June 6, 2007 Large-Scale Scientific Computations'07, Sozopol, Bulgaria -p. 1/29 Multiscale Modeling and Simulation of Fluid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Popov, Peter

    in porous media (soil, porous rocks, etc.) x Elasticity problems in composite materials (adobe, concrete v are proportional to the pressure gradient p: v = - 1 µ K p, (1) where K is a permeability tensor's Darcy permeability. x A , are fluid-solid coupling coefficients. s The macroscopic velocity v(0

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    containing only interesting semantic relations. As a consequence, improving such thesaurus is an impor- tant of a thesaurus entry that are not semantically linked to this entry. This identification re- lies on the automatic building of a thesaurus from a corpus. As illustrated by Table 1, such thesaurus gives for each

  4. Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, pages 8590, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 4-9 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Head of Mali defense seeks more arms Défense de la tête du Mali cherche bras plus. There, apart from in the following way: Chief of Mali defense wants more weapons. Then BING produces a much better translation: Chef d'état-major de la défense du Mali veut plus d'armes. The fact that the formulation of the source

  5. Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, pages 516520, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 4-9 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    or an emissions trading scheme to combat global warming. Immigration: Immigration into Australia should

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (mathematics), FKS5 (physics), and STROM6 (mathematics). The last mentioned one claims to have the longest last year, and we have since observed some notable differences 1 http://www.ioling.org 2 http://fks.sk/english/english.php 6 http://seminar.strom.sk/ 7 http://mks.mff.cuni.cz 8 http://fykos.org/ 9 http

  7. Proceedings of the BioNLP Shared Task 2013 Workshop, pages 4549, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 9 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    text are necessary because standard Natural Language Processing tools can- not be readily applied for the BioNLP 2013 GE task. argument), in contrast to standard pipeline models which first extract detect "recruit" as an event trigger and then extract two formulas: ( "recruit", Theme:"Tax", Theme2:"CBP

  8. Proceedings of the Adaptation of Language Resources and Tools for Closely Related Languages and Language Variants, page 1, Hissar, Bulgaria, 13 September 2013.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    experiment with (a) a stan- dard phrase-based SMT decoder, and (b) a special- ized beam-search adaptation, and RANLP, and journals such as JAIR, TSLP, NLE and LRE. He received the Young Researcher Award at RANLP

  9. Proceedings of the BioNLP Shared Task 2013 Workshop, pages 2634, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 9 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gent, Universiteit

    2013 Association for Computational Linguistics EVEX in ST'13: Application of a large-scale text mining, Belgium 4. Dept. of Plant Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, Ghent University, Belgium kahaka@utu.fi, solan novel text mining algorithms have been de- veloped in the context of the BioNLP Shared Tasks on Event

  10. Proceedings of the 13th Meeting on the Mathematics of Language (MoL 13), pages 111, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 9, 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of natural language gram- mars, and for the use of MGs in applied natural language processing. In Section 2 elements of × Syn with the two com- ponents separated by a colon (e.g. arrive : +d v). Each application

  11. Lidar Bacscatter Cross-Section Radar Bacscatter Cross-Section Mixed Phase

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eloranta, Edwin W.

    S S I AC A N A D A U.K.IRE. ICELAND NORWAY SWEDEN FINLAND LATVIA LITH. BELARUS UKRAINE POLAND DENMARK GERMANY EST. KAZ. JAPAN (DENMARK) Greenland (NORWAY) Svalbard (NORWAY) (NORWAY) CHINA UNITED STATES Faroe AC A N A D A U.K.IRE. ICELAND NORWAY SWEDEN FINLAND LATVIA LITH. BELARUS UKRAINE POLAND DENMARK

  12. Techniques for comparison, pattern matching and pattern discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbert, David

    and Molecular Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds, West Yorkshire, LS2 9JT, U.K. (3) Institute of Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Latvia, Latvia Abstract. In this chapter we review techniques for sequence over sequences and distinguish pattern matching from string comparison, reviewing the use of dynamic

  13. RHIC Beam Use Proposal For FY 2002 running

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Norway ­University of Oslo, Norway ­ University of Bucharest, Romania ­ University of Kansas Abstract

  14. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | April 22, 2015: ICARUS...

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    are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  15. Press Pass - Press Release - The CMS Tracking Detector's Midnight...

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    are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden,...

  16. USC Visiting Fulbright Scholars from Abroad 2000 -Present

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almor, Amit

    Health 2000-2001 Haggag, Salah Eldin Egypt; Physics and Astronomy #12;Barry, Michael Ireland; Electrical-2006 Bouzidi, Hassan Morocco; English Programs for Internationals Lilov, Stanislav Bulgaria; Electrical

  17. Empowering Women: The Role of Economic Development, Political Culture and Institutional Design in the World’s Societies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander, Amy C.

    2007-01-01

    Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Bolivia, Botswana, Bulgaria,75 th Argentina, Bahamas Barbados, Belize Bolivia, BrazilUnited States Argentina, Barbados, Bolivia, Botswana,

  18. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01

    Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium BelizeRep. Albania Georgia Belgium Barbados Serbia and MontenegroIsrael Belgium Denmark Barbados Bulgaria France Hungary

  19. Il pensiero meridiano oggi: Intervista e dialoghi con Franco Cassano

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cassano, Francesco; Fogu, Claudio

    2010-01-01

    e Brindisi) con Albania, Macedonia, Bulgaria. 7 Negli annirecentemente a Skopje, in Macedonia. Sono partito la mattinagiornata per arrivare in Macedonia. Se ci fosse un volo

  20. Essays on the politics of regulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weymouth, Stephen

    2010-01-01

    Libya Lithuania Macau Macedonia Madagascar Malawi MalaysiaZambia Albania Slovenia Macedonia Croatia Kyrgyz RepublicCroatia Russia Slovenia Macedonia Yugoslavia Bulgaria

  1. A New Song: Emerging Sephardic Music in Serbia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiens, Kathleen Ruth

    2012-01-01

    Roma of Bulgaria and Macedonia. ” In Retuning Culture:Hercegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia,with urban centres in Macedonia. Sevdah is a form of solo

  2. Press Pass - Press Release - The CMS Tracking Detector's Midnight...

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    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  3. Press Pass - Press Releases

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    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  4. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | July 19, 2013: Discovery...

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    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia,...

  5. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | June 3, 2015: U.S. joins...

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    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,...

  6. Press Pass - Press Releases - March 30, 2010 - Physics Begins...

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    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  7. Press Pass - Press Release - U.S. scientists join in "cosmic...

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    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  8. Press Pass - Press Releases

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    states are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, the Slovak...

  9. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | April 5, 2015: U.S. scientists...

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    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,...

  10. Press Pass - Press Release - LHC First Beam

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    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  11. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases

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    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia,...

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    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  13. Press Pass - Press Release - LHC Restart

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    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  14. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | LHC experiments eliminate...

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    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia,...

  15. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | May 13, 2015: Two Large...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,...

  16. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | March 19, 2014: International...

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    states are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,...

  17. Microsoft PowerPoint - 6_Mitch Hembree_Monday 5-20 1115 NMMSS...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    7 ImportExport & Obligations Review Total Entities: 183 European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) consists of the following countries: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,...

  18. BIHAREAN BIOLOGIST 5 (1): on-first Biharean Biologist, Oradea, Romania, 2011 Article No.: 111102 http://biologie-oradea.xhost.ro/BihBiol/index.html

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mollov, Ivelin Aldinov

    lands and vineyards and (3) small and large urban parks and high-fruit orchards. The urban habitats: The aim of the current paper is to study the distribution of the amphibians and reptiles in the urban center, as well as to classify them according to their level of synantropy. The urban habitats occupied

  19. Cross-National Differences in Attitudes towards Homosexuality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Tom W.

    2011-01-01

    th , Russia 28 th , and Ukraine 31 st ). 2 Due to the returnSlovakia, Slovenia, Taiwan, Ukraine, the United States, andCyprus, Latvia, Russia, and Ukraine) the distributions were

  20. Forest Products Marketing -LITHUANIA Market Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (+10) EU(25) Nordicc. Poland Lithuania Estonia Latvia Russia Furniture industry Pulp& paper industry CONSUMPTION - Domestic industry - Export - Households (fire wood) 6,4 mln.m3 ~3,5 ~ 1,4 ~1,5 Source

  1. EuroGOV: Engineering a Multilingual Web Corpus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamps, Jaap

    of web pages crawled from the European Union portal, European Union member state governmental web sites The Netherlands .lu Luxemburg .pt Portugal .lv Latvia .ru Russia .mt Malta .se Sweden .pl Poland .uk United

  2. An overview of recent trends and current status of Forest Stewardship Council ) certification | July 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by engaging the power of market dynamics. Activities FSC, a multi-stakeholder organization, was foundedPacific(HK) LatinAmerica(Peru) Russia+CIS(Russia) Colombia Uganda Argentina Congo India Indonesia Ireland Latvia

  3. Cross-National Differences in Attitudes towards Homosexuality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Tom W.

    2011-01-01

    20 th , Slovenia 21 st , Croatia 23 rd , Latvia 27 th ,In 11 countries (Chile, Croatia, Czech Republic, Mexico,Wrong at all Don’t Know Croatia Always Wrong Almost Always

  4. ACADEMIC DELEGATION VISITS 2008 -2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    Total Visits: 38 Europe: Kosovo, Germany, Estonia, Romania, Turkey, Belarus Asia: Kazakhstan, Russia: Austria, Germany, Slovenia, Turkey, United Kingdom, Sweden, Hungary, France, Albania Asia: Kazakhstan: 54 Europe: Turkey, Czech Republic, Germany, Kosovo, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Netherlands, Croatia

  5. Microsoft PowerPoint - 2_MITCH_HEMBREE_NMMSS_2014_Obligations...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Norway Romania South Africa Switzerland Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine United Arab Emirates Obligations Process and 123 Agreement...

  6. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan, Iran, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia,...

  7. Proceedings of the 2013 Workshop on Biomedical Natural Language Processing (BioNLP 2013), pages 6371, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 4-9 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -scale text mining applications beyond the traditional numeric performance measures Sofie Van Landeghem1,2 , Suwisa Kaewphan3,4 , Filip Ginter3 , Yves Van de Peer1,2 1. Dept. of Plant Systems Biology, VIB, Belgium 2. Dept. of Plant Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, Ghent University, Belgium 3. Dept

  8. Proceedings of the 7th Workshop on Language Technology for Cultural Heritage, Social Sciences, and Humanities, pages 9095, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 8 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Integration of the Thesaurus for the Social Sciences (TheSoz) in an Information Extraction System Thierry present current work dealing with the in- tegration of a multilingual thesaurus for so- cial sciences of the thesaurus and semi-automatic generation of domain specific IE grammars, with their subsequent implementation

  9. Proceedings of the 7th Workshop on Language Technology for Cultural Heritage, Social Sciences, and Humanities, pages 2935, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 8 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ido, Dagan

    Semi-automatic Construction of Cross-period Thesaurus Chaya Liebeskind, Ido Dagan, Jonathan Schler@cs.biu.ac.il, schler@gmail.com Abstract Cross-period (diachronic) thesaurus con- struction aims to enable potential a semi-automatic iterative Query Expansion (QE) scheme for supporting cross-period thesaurus con

  10. ISSN 1745-9648 Bulgarian Electricity Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feigon, Brooke

    ISSN 1745-9648 Bulgarian Electricity Market Restructuring by Peter Ganev Institute for Market Economics, Bulgaria CCP Working Paper 08-8 Abstract: The electric power system of the Republic of Bulgaria is part of the united system of mainland Europe (UCTE) composed of the electric power systems of 23

  11. INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP BIOMEDICAL INFORMATION EXTRACTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP BIOMEDICAL INFORMATION EXTRACTION held in conjunction with the International BIOMEDICAL INFORMATION EXTRACTION PROCEEDINGS Borovets, Bulgaria 18 September 2009 ISBN 978-954-452-013-7 Designed and Printed by INCOMA Ltd. Shoumen, Bulgaria ii #12;Welcome to the Biomedical Information

  12. PERTURBATIONS OF VECTOR FIELDS ON TORI: RESONANT NORMAL FORMS AND DIOPHANTINE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Partially supported by Volkswagen­Stiftung (RiP­program at Oberwolfach), by a Co­ ordinated Research Project of the University of Cagliari, by MURST, Italy, and by NFS, Bulgaria. Partially supported by Volkswagen­Stiftung (Ri

  13. COMPILATION OF CURRENT HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS EXPERIMENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, R.L.; Particle Data Group

    2008-01-01

    PHI LADELPHI A. PA .. USA PISA. ITALY PITTSBURGH, PA . • USATEXAS. USA YAVNEH, ISRAEL PISA, ITALY sorrA, BULGARIA sorrA,OF PENNSYLVANIA UNIV. DI PISA UNIV. OF PITTSBURGH PRINCETON-

  14. COMPILATION OF CURRENT HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS EXPERIMENTS - July 1976

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, R.L.

    2010-01-01

    PHI LADELPHI A. PA .. USA PISA. ITALY PITTSBURGH, PA . • USATEXAS. USA YAVNEH, ISRAEL PISA, ITALY sorrA, BULGARIA sorrA,OF PENNSYLVANIA UNIV. DI PISA UNIV. OF PITTSBURGH PRINCETON-

  15. COMPILATION OF CURRENT HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS EXPERIMENTS July 1976

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, R.L.

    2012-01-01

    PHI LADELPHI A. PA .. USA PISA. ITALY PITTSBURGH, PA . • USATEXAS. USA YAVNEH, ISRAEL PISA, ITALY sorrA, BULGARIA sorrA,OF PENNSYLVANIA UNIV. DI PISA UNIV. OF PITTSBURGH PRINCETON-

  16. Export pedigrees issued in 2014 Utility Group 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lacy, Bob

    4 Barbados 1 1 2 Belgium 1 1 7 2 3 1 2 2 2 1 1 23 Bermuda 1 1 2 Brazil 6 3 9 Bulgaria 1 1 Canada 1 1

  17. A new species of Chiasmognathus from Iran, with a note on Chiasmognathus aegyptiacus in Israel (Hymenoptera: Apidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engel, Michael S.

    2008-01-01

    A new species of the rare cleptoparasitic bee genus Chiasmognathus ENGEL (Ammobatini) is described and figured from a female collected in northwestern Iran. Chiasmognathus rhag ae sp. n. is generally similar to C. orientanus (WARNCKE) (Bulgaria...

  18. GIS and Society: The Social Implications of How People, Space, and Environment Are Represented in GIS- Scientific Report for the Initiative 19 Specialist Meeting  (96-7)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Trevor; Weiner, Daniel

    1996-01-01

    Tribal implementation of GIS. Survival Quarterly, 49-51 lxxMikhova, D. and Pickles, J. GIS in Bulgaria: development andIntegrating social theory into GIS and GIS into social

  19. 2014 6 12 2014 8 1 2015 5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goda, Keisuke

    24 #12;307 -- 2014.8.1. 2014.6.12. 1 Au Australia 307 Br Brasil 307 Bul Bulgaria 307 Ca European Economic Community D EIB European Investment Bank D FAO Food and Agriculture Organization D ILO

  20. Au Australia 307 Br Brasil 307

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goda, Keisuke

    307 -- 2014.8.1. 2014.6.12. 1 Au Australia 307 Br Brasil 307 Bul Bulgaria 307 Ca Canada Community D EIB European Investment Bank D FAO Food and Agriculture Organization D ILO International

  1. 2014 8 1 2015 5 counter@iss.u-tokyo.ac.jp

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goda, Keisuke

    Brasil 307 Bul Bulgaria 307 Ca Canada 307 Ch China, Republic of D ChT China, Taiwan D Cs Czecho Central Bank D EEC European Economic Community D EIB European Investment Bank D FAO Food

  2. NUCLEAR INFORMATION AND RESOURCE SERVICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    Green Policy Institute, Sofia, Bulgaria Ekograd Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia Arkzin d.o.o., Zagreb, Croatia Eko Kvarner, Njivice, Croatia CEE Bankwatch Network, Praha, Czech Republic South Bohemian Mothers

  3. Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Steering Group Members Approve...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    France, Germany, Ghana, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Republic of Korea, Morocco, Netherlands, Nigeria, Romania, Russian Federation, Senegal, Slovak Republic, Spain, Ukraine, United...

  4. Part 810-ASSISTANCE TO FOREIGN ATOMIC ENERGY ACTIVITIES Sec.

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia South Africa Spain Sweden Switzerland Taiwan Turkey Ukraine (Refer to 810.14 for specific information and requirements) United Arab...

  5. United States, International Partners Remove Last Remaining Weapons...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    are Austria, Chile, Czech Republic, Libya, Mexico, Romania, Serbia, Taiwan, Turkey, Ukraine, and Vietnam. To date, the Department has removed or dispositioned more than 5,000...

  6. U.S. Department of Energy Welcomes the United Kingdom as 21st...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Ghana, Hungary, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, and the Ukraine. "The UK shares in the vision of improved non-proliferation and nuclear waste...

  7. WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic, 2015: Raising taxes on tobacco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization

    2015-01-01

    Egypt Poland Russia Ukraine Viet Nam Romania NigeriaThailand, Turkey and ukraine as the result of tax and pricebetween 2008 and 2014) Ukraine south africa achieved steady

  8. Suffer a Scratch to Avoid a Blow? Why Post-communist Parties in Eastern Europe Introduce Lustration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaminski, Marek M.; Nalepa, Monika

    2008-01-01

    Deputatilor FSN RMDS PNL PSM 3.8 FDSN PRM PUNR PD 12.6 CDRAWS KPN BBWR Romania PRM PSM PDSR FSN FDSN PUNR B?lgarska

  9. Women @ Energy: Yan Li | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    State University), and Babes-Bolyai University in Romania, studying chemistryelectrochemistry and physics with an education minor. She holds a Ph.D in chemistry...

  10. Section - - SPECIAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR USE IN MOST GRANTS...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Poland, Portugal, Romania, Singapore, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and United Kingdom; (2) A Free Trade Agreement (FTA) country (Australia, Bahrain,...

  11. Slides and Videos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ... Brasov Romania, June 30, 2011, Videos: Part 1, Part 2; 35th Conference on Stochastic Processes and their Applications, Oaxaca, Mexico, June 19-24 (2011)

  12. www.princeton.edu/admission Profile 201011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bou-Zeid, Elie

    goals. At Princeton, we are committed to identifying students who possess the academic ability, energy Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nigeria Pakistan Peru Philippines Romania Russian Federation Senegal

  13. Explaining ratification of human rights treaties : signaling for aid during regional crises

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Heather Michelle

    2007-01-01

    Europe, Croatia, Bosnia, Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegro,Romania, Croatia, Bosnia, Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegroborders, Albania and Macedonia, both bordering the conflict

  14. Essays on Political Economy of Religion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grigoriadis, Theocharis Nikolaou

    2012-01-01

    Russia, Ukraine, Slovakia, Macedonia, Armenia and Belarus.Poland Belarus Armenia Macedonia Ukraine Social DemocraticCyprus Romania France Macedonia Poland Lithuania Finland

  15. Legal and Economic Factors Determining Success and Failure in the Fight against Organized Crime: An Empirical Assessment of the Palermo Convention

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buscaglia, Edgardo

    2008-01-01

    Venezuela, R Romania Croatia Brazil Philippines MoldovaHonduras El Salvador Croatia Brazil Philippines MozambiqueTimor Argentina Albania Croatia Brazil Philippines Yemen,

  16. Explaining ratification of human rights treaties : signaling for aid during regional crises

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Heather Michelle

    2007-01-01

    in the Krajina region of Croatia 1990-91,” Eds. Jan KoehlerIn southwestern Europe, Croatia, Bosnia, Macedonia, Serbiainclude: Belarus, Romania, Croatia, Bosnia, Macedonia,

  17. Air pollution, precipitation chemistry and forest health in the Retezat Mountains,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Air pollution, precipitation chemistry and forest health in the Retezat Mountains, Southern Station, 4955 Canyon Crest Drive, Riverside, CA, USA b Forest Research and Management Institute, Bucharest, Romania c Forest Research and Management Institute, Simeria, Romania d USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain

  18. Home Country Home University Number of Students Belgium ICHEC Brussels Management School 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hochreiter, Sepp

    (UNECON) 2 Russia Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B. N. Yeltsin 3 of Warsaw 1 Romania Babes-Bolyai University Cluj-Napoca 5 Romania West University of Timisoara 1 Russia Higher School of Economics in Nizhny Novgorod 2 Russia Saint-Petersburg State University of Economics

  19. Australia NO REGISTRATION NUMBER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Portugal Romania Slovenia Spain Turkey UK USA Australia Austria Belgium Cyprus France Germany Greece#12;#12;Australia Austria Belgium Cyprus France Germany Greece Ireland Italy Japan Macedonia Ireland Italy Japan Macedonia Portugal Romania Slovenia Spain Turkey UK USA #12;NO REGISTRATION NUMBER 1

  20. Envisioning Transnational American Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fishkin, Shelley Fisher

    2015-01-01

    Germany, Georgia, Iran, Japan, Korea, the Netherlands, Poland, South Africa, Taiwan, Tunisia, Turkey,Germany, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea, Lebanon, Morocco, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Russia, Spain, Taiwan, Turkey,Germany, Hungary, Israel, Italy, Japan, Lebanon, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Russia, South Africa, Spain, Turkey,

  1. P r o t e c t e d K a r s t Te r r i t o r i e s L i f e l o n g L e a r n i n g The upcoming successive Third international forum in Bulgaria, dedicated to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borissova, Daniela

    ) in education and training: - Cognitive and academic-educational importance of PKT. Educational resources of PKT and education: - Modern scientific concepts in Karstology ­ place, role and importance for education and training. Integration between the scientific concept about karst geosystems and the educational concept

  2. 28 Caltech Undergraduate Research Journal W I N T E R 2 0 1 0 29www.curj.caltech.edu Community Seismic Network

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    Amir, Yair

    read/write operations to prevent corrupting millions of dollars worth of data. The electrical grid. Early warning systems are already in place in Japan, Mexico, Romania, Taiwan, and Turkey. In this paper

  3. ORISE: After a Brief Decline, Recent Foreign Ph.D. Graduates...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    were more likely to stay than others. Seven countries-China, Romania, Yugoslavia, Ukraine, India, Iran, and Russia-have five-year stay rates greater than 75%. According to the...

  4. Curriculum Vitae of Prof. Dr. David N. Nikogosyan Personal data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nikogosyan, David N.

    Visiting Fellowship Award from the Royal Academy of Engineering, UK. Information on the careers Romania (2002), who works in the European Patent Office, the Hague, Netherlands. Recent research grants 1

  5. Why Study German? Germany lies in the heart of Europe where more

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldin, Dilano

    of Poland, the Czech Republic, Russia and Romania. German is the third most studied foreign language? As a nation, Germany has one of the top ten world economies and is the home of the European Bank. It exports

  6. Film Notes: Three Romanian Movies (On Belonging and Corporeality in the New Wave of Romanian Cinema)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roman, Denise

    2008-01-01

    new wave of Romanian cinema also bear stylistic influences.in Romania after 1989 are cinema vérité, documentary, real-in the New Wave of Romanian Cinema) by Denise Roman the dim

  7. Impacts of Biofuel Production and Navigation Impediments on Agricultural Transportation and Markets 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmedov, Zafarbek

    2013-08-22

    , Paraguay, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, South Africa, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay Excess Demand Regions (Importing Countries) Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Bosnia Herzegovina, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Denmark, Ecuador, Egypt, France...

  8. www.princeton.edu/admission Profile 201213

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowley, Clarence W.

    . At Princeton, we are committed to identifying students who possess the academic ability, energy, enthusiasm of Malaysia Mexico Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nigeria Pakistan Peru Poland Portugal Romania Singapore South

  9. 29th International Cosmic Ray Conference Pune (2005) 6, 121124 The influence of properties of individual hadronic interactions on the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hörandel, Jörg R.

    2005-01-01

    . Inst. of Phys. and Nucl. Engineering, Bucharest, Romania (2) now at University Leeds, LS2 9JT Leeds with recent measurements from the HiRes experiment [3, 4]. The variation of QGSJET 01 is labeled model 3

  10. Muon Collider/Neutrino Factory Targetry R&D 2009-2012 Simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    in collection pool (beam dump) 0.4 FTE engineer effort × 1 year H. Kirk, K. McDonald (July 10, 2009) #12;Muon, Latvia) 0.2 scientist effort × 3 years Travel $20k ·Use of a Pb-Bi alloy rather than Hg (?) H. Kirk, K for high TC solenoid ·0.3 engineer effort × 2 years H. Kirk, K. McDonald (July 10, 2009) #12;Muon Collider

  11. Book Review. The 20th Century Libraries in the Baltic Sea Regions. Transactions of the National Library of Estonia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giullian, Jon C.

    2008-01-01

    , cooperatives, groups, societies, systems, and instruments, etc. that serve as vehicles of cultural development. Ruutsoo’s analysis draws on statistical data from each of the three Baltic countries, as well as from Finland, Europe and Scandinavia, in order... labeled Baltic countries, for geo-political convenience, Ruutsoo’s analysis also shows that they not a culturally unified community. Estonia and Latvia more closely followed development in Finland, while Lithuania seemed closer to Central European...

  12. Rehabilitation project of some coal fired electricity generating units in compliance with RENEL`s development strategy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Octavian, P.; Cristian, T.

    1996-12-31

    The Romanian Authority of Electricity (RENEL) is a state-owned company for generation, transport, and distribution of electric and thermal power in Romania. The paper discusses the present situation regarding energy supply in Romania based on fossil fuels and RENEL`s strategy for energy sector development, namely, the rehabilitation of existing generating plants rather than new investments. The paper briefly describes RENEL`s rehabilitation programs, and the analysis of solutions suited for expanding RENEL`s rehabilitation program.

  13. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 578 (2007) 198206 A large acceptance scintillator detector with wavelength shifting fibre

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magiera, Andrzej

    2007-01-01

    . Vankovaf,h , for the GEM Collaboration a Nuclear Physics Division, BARC, Mumbai 400 085, India b Centre for Design and Manufacture, BARC, Mumbai 400 085, India c Institute of Nuclear Physics, Polish Academy, Sofia, Bulgaria n Physics Department, Mumbai University, Vidyanagari, Mumbai, India o Fachbereich Physik

  14. Advanced Numerical Methods for Complex Environmental Models: Needs and Availability, 2013, 301-326 301 Istvn Farag, gnes Havasi and Zahari Zlatev (Eds.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dimov, Ivan

    investigations related to air pollution in Bulgaria ([6, 7]), Denmark ([8-11]), England ([12]), Europe ([2, 4 been used in some inter-comparisons of European large-scale air pollution models ([20, 21]). Recently Publishers CHAPTER 4 Part C: Sensitivity of European Pollution Levels to Changes of Human-Made Emissions

  15. Computation of dose rate at flight altitudes during ground level enhancements no. 69, 70 and 71

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Usoskin, Ilya G.

    .L. Mishev a,c, , F. Adibpour b , I.G. Usoskin c,d , E. Felsberger b a Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Bulgaria b Graz University of Technology, Austria c by solar energetic particles (SEP). Primary CR initiate a complicated nuclear-electro- magnetic

  16. PERFUMER&FLAVORISTVOL.34APRIL2009 Rose Oil in Kashmiri

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    metric tons, with Bulgaria and Turkey being the major producers followed by Morocco, Egypt, China, Russia production. analyzed on an HP5971 MSD mass spectrometer, directly coupled to an HP 5890 gas chromatograph the following conditions: carrier gas, helium (He) at 30.5 cm/s (ca. 1 mL/min); 0.2 µL of 10% solution injected

  17. "Ark of Refugee Heirloom" -A Cultural Heritage Database1 E. Politou, I. Tsevremes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chamzas, Christodoulos

    "Ark of Refugee Heirloom" - A Cultural Heritage Database1 E. Politou, I. Tsevremes , A: technology. The "Ark of Refugee Heirloom" is a project of high cultural importance, since it aims that belong to refugees whose origins lay in regions of the Ottoman Empire, south Russia, Bulgaria and others

  18. INTERNATIONAL DATA Roaming Data Zones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    (including Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla), Sweden, Switzerland, Vatican City (Italy) Zones 3 ­ 7 All Islands Guernsey, Jersey, Republic of Ireland, Isle of Man Zone 2 EE Business Zone Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus (South), Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland (including Aland Islands

  19. International workshop: Planning for climate change through integrated coastal management. Volume 2: Country and regional reports

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-12-31

    This workshop included reports from the following countries: Argentina; Bulgaria; Egypt; Estonia; Fiji; Indonesia; Mozambique; Nigeria; Oman; The Philippines; Senegal; Sri Lanka; Suriname; Thailand; and Tuvalu; Regional reports were included on the following: Small Island Developing States of the Pacific; South Pacific Regional Environment Program; and Sea Level Rise Impacts on Central America.

  20. www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    % of European imports against more than 80% in 1980, and represents only 6.5% of total primary energy supply, Security of Supply, Energy Policy, Bulgaria, EU JEL Classification L38; Q48; L5; L95; L98 Contact florent in the European Union, supply diversity is concentrated in large energy markets of Western Europe. Smaller

  1. LAW VII & ID 7th Linguistic Annotation Workshop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the Workshop August 8-9, 2013 Sofia, Bulgaria #12;Production and Manufacturing by Omnipress, Inc. 2600 Anderson Interest Group for Annotation (ACL SIGANN). It provides a forum to facilitate the exchange and propagation a two-day event which would reach out to both communities. Traditionally, the LAW features a theme

  2. The Zooarchaeology of the Late Neolithic Strymon (Struma) river valley: the case of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wyatt, Lucy

    ) and Bulgaria (sector Topolnica) in the basin of the river Strymonas, Central Macedonia, have revealed a `flat Macedonia, along with the evidence from pottery decoration and structural features, suggests that - to some provided interesting insights into the diverse husbandry practices among Late Neolithic sites in Macedonia

  3. Tectonic evolution of the southwestern Black Sea margin, offshore Turkey 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Can, Emrah

    1996-01-01

    to the Srednogorie intra-arc zone in Bulgaria. Following back-arc extension, the whole margin was affected by a compressional tectonic regime during Paleocene-early Eocene time. Under this regime, a series of thrust faults formed, which were connected to the Stara...

  4. Management of waste electrical and electronic equipment in two EU countries: A comparison

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Torretta, Vincenzo; Ragazzi, Marco; Istrate, Irina Aura; Rada, Elena Cristina

    2013-01-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Review on data regarding WEEE management in Italy and in Romania. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Problems that countries that will enter in the EU will have to solve facing with the WEEE management. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Pilot experiences useful for the awareness campaign of the population. - Abstract: The paper presents some data regarding waste electrical and electronic (WEEE) management in one of the founding countries of the EU, Italy, and in a recent entry into the EU, Romania. The aim of this research was to analyze some problems that countries entering the EU will have to solve with respect to WEEE management. The experiences of Italy and Romania could provide an interesting reference point. The strengths and weaknesses that the two EU countries have encountered can be used in order to give a more rational plan for other countries. In Italy the increase of WEEE collection was achieved in parallel with the increase of the efficiency of selective Municipal Solid Waste collection. In Romania, pilot experiences were useful to increase the awareness of the population. The different interests of the two populations towards recyclable waste led to a different scenario: in Romania all types of WEEE have been collected since its entrance into the EU; in Italy the 'interest' in recycling is typically related to large household appliances, with a secondary role of lighting equipment.

  5. Interview of Lisa Jardine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jardine, Lisa

    2009-02-17

    to hear my father lecture a few years later, she was on the same platform just prior to delivery; I knew both sets of grandparents who were Jewish immigrants fleeing pogroms during World War I; my mother's family came from Latvia-Russia; her father who... and had import-export connections in Germany; his mother came from Warsaw and left just before the Ghetto; they went first to ??d? then to Germany, and just before he was twelve they came to London; my mother's mother was rotund and about five foot; she...

  6. Development of models for exchange of electronic documents

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glavev, Victor

    2014-11-18

    The report presents a model for exchange of electronic documents between different government administrations. It defines electronic messages that are transmitted between them and the way that messages should be processed by software systems. The proposed approach is sufficiently general and allows use of the best applicable information technologies such as data presentation structures and communication protocols. Within the study, a simple implementation of the model is implemented and deployed in various government administrations in Republic of Bulgaria.

  7. Thwarting Successful Piracy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carchidi, Arielle 1990-

    2012-05-03

    ”, “Barbados”, “Belgium”, “Belize”, “Bermuda”, “Brazil”, “Bulgaria”, “Canary Islands”, “Cayman Islands”, “China”, “Comoros”, “Croatia”, “Cyprus”, “Denmark”, “Dominica”, “Ecuador”, “Egypt”, “Ethiopia”, “France”, “Germany”, “Gibraltar”, “Greece”, “Honduras....9960 14.7403 0.9957 0 Canary Islands 4.6349 0.9986 5.0807 0.9987 14.6568 0.9965 15.4434 0.9963 0 Cayman Islands 8.8093 0.9947 3.3827 0.9966 9.5159 0.9965 9...

  8. The Role of Language in the Creation of Identity: Myths in Linguistics among the Peoples of the Former Yugoslavia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenberg, Marc L.

    2006-05-23

    Federal Republic of Macedonia and is now the state language of the independent Republic of Macedonia (also known as the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia). In addition, significant non-Slavic minorities are settled among the Slavic population... 1: The former Yugoslavia Greece Bosnia & Herzegovina Slovenia Croatia Serbia Montenegro Macedonia Vojvodina Kosova Ljubljana Zagreb Split Sarajevo Belgrade Ni? Prishtina Podgorica Skopje Hungary Austria Italy Bulgaria...

  9. Contributing to engineering education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    's energy industry and certain other industrial applications. Through an integrated global network in Argentina, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, Guatemala, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Romania, Uruguay, USA and the renewal of Scholarships awarded in previous years. Scholarships For exceptional university graduates from

  10. License Exceptions Supplement No. 1 to Part 740 page 1 Export Administration Regulations September 28, 2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Daniel

    License Exceptions Supplement No. 1 to Part 740 page 1 Export Administration Regulations September Norway X X X X Poland X X Portugal X X X X Romania X X Russia X X Slovakia X X South Africa X X Spain X X X 1 Cooperating Countries #12;License Exceptions Supplement No. 1 to Part 740 page 2 Export

  11. Eur. Phys. J. Special Topics 143, 8185 (2007) c EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramasco, José Javier

    2007-01-01

    -Napoca, Romania 5 Physics Department, Emory University, Atlanta Georgia 30322, USA Abstract. The power-law form>() (probability to have wealth greater than a certain value) had always a power-law form, in the higher argument in ref. [4] to study a community in ancient Egypt. In the present work, we present and discuss some

  12. FOREST PRODUCTS MARKET IN 2007 AND PROSPECTS FOR 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .3 %); the pulp, paper and paper products (+ 13.1 %) and the furniture production (+ 10.8 %). The GDP evolution affecting the forest and forest industries sector In Romania, the year 2007 represents the sixth consecutive in the first semester, the services ­ with 51.4 % the second placed being the industry with 27

  13. Hierarchical Approach for Hardware/ Software Systems Tudor NICULIU Sorin COTOFANA* Anton MANOLESCU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cotofana, Sorin

    ) and verification (functional simulation of the system's structure), as well on higher as on lower abstractionHierarchical Approach for Hardware/ Software Systems Tudor NICULIU Sorin COTOFANA* Anton MANOLESCU Bucuresti, Romania, E-mail: tudor@messnet.pub.ro (*)Delft University of Technology, Faculty of Electrical

  14. Policies for whom? Realities of the Romanian Peasantry beyond the Common Agricultural Policy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodriguez Beperet, Maria

    2014-11-27

    -transition countries such as Romania, the country selected to exemplify this research. The CAP might be seen as another project of modern (rural) development and hence, neo-liberal expansionism. The realities of the local communities are not taken into account, thus...

  15. Building the Future SERIES Seismic Engineering research infrastructures for European synergies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EUROCODES Building the Future SERIES ­ Seismic Engineering research infrastructures for European Workshop ­ Iasi, Romania, July, 14, 2009 Partially based on proposals by M Fardis #12;EUROCODES Building · EN1998-1: General rules, seismic actions and r les for b ildingsrules for buildings · EN1998

  16. FLORIAN A. POTRA January 20, 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potra, Florian

    ­2007 Robust Optimization of Machining, The National Institute of Standards and Technology. 2001 Faculty Appointee, Applied and Computational Mathematics Division, The Na- tional Institute of Standards for Scientific and Technical Creation (INCREST), Bucharest, Romania. 1974­1978 Analyst, Digital Processing Center

  17. Razvan Stefanescu Curriculum vitae CONTACT Department of Computer Science 540-231-0331

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Yong

    and uncertainty analysis, sparse algorithms, machine learning, scientific comput- ing, numerical analysis of Mathematics and Scientific Computing, University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Gr. T. Popa", Ia¸si, Romania. March: Numerical Algorithms for the Approximation of Elliptic PDEs and Applications. M.Sc. in Financial Mathematics

  18. Evidence for an Extended Reconnection Line at the Dayside Magnetopause

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlson, Charles W.

    process which converts stored magnetic energy into kinetic and thermal energies. The process is thought; Yokoyama et al., 1995] and solar coronal heating [Innes et al., 1997]; planetary magnetopauses and tails of Space Sciences, Bucharest, Romania 11 Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Aichi

  19. Part 3, Authors: C To Czygan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farr, Marion M.; Bero, Dorothy; Carson, Gertrude B.; Hassall, Albert; Doss, Mildred A.

    1939-01-01

    . London. Brit. J. Ophth.?The British Journal of Ophthalmology. London. Brit. J. Urol.?The British Journal of Urol-ogy. London. Bui. Asoc. Gen. Med. Vet. Rom?nia.?Buleti-nul Asociatiei Generale a Medicilor Veteri- nari din Romania. Bucure?ti. Bul. Dir...

  20. Technology report INTERIORS IMATERIALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaghi, Omar M.

    by 40% Today's electric vehicle (EV) batteries can pro- vide only enough power to propel them 100 mi bank. Thermal battery "A thermal battery charges and discharges much like an electrical battery, except, Mexico,United Kingdom, Taiwan, Russia, Belarus, Egypt, Hong Kong, Romania,Italy, Malaysia, Ukraine

  1. The Central Parsecs of the Galaxy ASP Conference Series, Vol. 186, 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Falcke, Heino

    . Alternatively, one can think of a jet plus wind model (EDAF), where most of the energy goes out without being, Romania 2 Max Planck Institute of Radioastronomy, Auf dem H¨ugel, 69, Bonn, Germany Abstract. We dissipated in the disk. The model resembles the ADAF model at small radii. At large radii the energy

  2. Proceedings of the NAACL-HLT 2007 Doctoral Consortium, pages 2932, Rochester, April 2007. c 2007 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Association for Computational Linguistics Semantic Frames in Romanian Natural Language Processing Systems Science, Romanian Academy, Iai Branch 16, Gen. Berthelot, 700483-Iai, Romania dtrandabat@info a semantic frame database for Romanian, similar to the FrameNet database. Since creating language resources

  3. Proceedings of COLING 2014, the 25th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: System Demonstrations, pages 4447, Dublin, Ireland, August 23-29 2014.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , General Berthelot St., 700483, Iasi, Romania daniel.anechitei@info.uaic.ro Abstract 1 This paper presents an adaptable online Multilingual Discourse Processing System (Mul- tiDPS), composed of four natural language its own processing chain, by incorporating knowledge or resources for each tool for the desired

  4. This article was downloaded by: [University of Leeds] On: 21 August 2011, At: 22:32

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benning, Liane G.

    This article was downloaded by: [University of Leeds] On: 21 August 2011, At: 22:32 Publisher, Bucharest, Romania b School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom c School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom Available online: 19 Aug 2011 To cite

  5. Investigating the 2nd knee: The KASCADE-Grande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , the hypothesis of new hadronic interaction mechanisms at the knee energy, as for example the production of heavy Karlsruhe, Germany National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering, 7690 Bucharest, Romania, Universit¨at Karlsruhe, 76021 Karlsruhe, Germany ¶ Fachbereich Physik, Universit¨at Siegen, 57068 Siegen

  6. Introduction to Space Climate K. Mursula a,*, I.G. Usoskin b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Usoskin, Ilya G.

    , their prediction and effects on the near-Earth environ- ment and technology. Accordingly, Space Climate is the longIntroduction to Space Climate K. Mursula a,*, I.G. Usoskin b , G. Maris c a Department of Physical., Bucharest-37, RO-020032, Romania Abstract ``Space Climate'' is a relatively new scientific concept, which

  7. Interview with Bernd Lambert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lambert, Bernd

    2005-01-01

    typical immigrant story; original surname was Levi; while in Japan encouraged to change name to Lambert; sister born 1936 in Sofia; while in Europe the family spoke German though sister and I learnt Bulgarian when we started school; in America we children... said in a streetcar, in German, that the Germans had come to Bulgaria to help the Italians who were being defeated by the Greeks; there were some German soldiers on the streetcar and father grabbed sister under his arm and jumped off and ran up...

  8. CMV and Immunosenescence: from basics to clinics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solana, Rafael; Tarazona, Raquel; Aiello, Allison E.; Akbar, Arne N.; Appay, Victor; Beswick, Mark; Bosch, Jos A.; Campos, Carmen; Cantisán, Sara; Cicin-Sain, Luka; Derhovanessian, Evelyna; Ferrando-Martínez, Sara; Frasca, Daniela; Fulöp, Tamas; Govind, Sheila; Grubeck-Loebenstein, Beatrix; Hill, Ann; Hurme, Mikko; Kern, Florian; Larbi, Anis; López-Botet, Miguel; Maier, Andrea B.; McElhaney, Janet E.; Moss, Paul; Naumova, Elissaveta; Nikolich-Zugich, Janko; Pera, Alejandra; Rector, Jerrald L.; Riddell, Natalie; Sanchez-Correa, Beatriz; Sansoni, Paolo; Sauce, Delphine; van Lier, Rene; Wang, George C.; Wills, Mark R.; Zieli?ski, Maciej; Pawelec, Graham

    2012-10-31

    , University of Alexandrovska, Sofia, Bulgaria. Department of Immunobiology and the Arizona Center on Aging, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, 8. Wang GC, Dash P, McCullers JA, Doherty PC, Thomas PG: T cell receptor alphabeta diversity... , Canada. 22Department of Clinical Immunology, University Hospital 237. Smithey MJ, Li G, Venturi MP, Davenport MP, Nikolich-Zugich J: Life-long persistent viral infection alters the naïve T-cell pool, impairing CD8 T-cell immunity in late life. J Immunol...

  9. International bibliography of vegetation maps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ku?chler, A. W. (August William)

    1965-01-01

    372 Albania 24 Iceland 397 Andorra 27 Italy .400 Austria 28 Luxembourg 421 Belgium 60 Netherlands 423 British. Isles 89 Norway ...446 Bulgaria 149 Poland 447 Czechoslovakia 152 Portugal 458 Denmark 173 Rumania .467 Finland 176 San Marino 489..., NORWAY AND FINLAND" in color 1:10,600,000 LEGEND 1. Conifers 3. Mixed conifers and hardwods 2. Hardwoods ZON, RAPHAEL and WILLIAM N. SPARHAWK 1923 Forest resources of the world. New York, McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., vol. 1, facing p. 102. 1925...

  10. Plant maintenance and plant life extension issue, 2007

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agnihotri, Newal (ed.)

    2007-03-15

    The focus of the March-April issue is on plant maintenance and plant life extension. Major articles/reports in this issue include: Three proposed COLs expected in 2007, by Dale E. Klein, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission; Delivering behaviors that our customers value, by Jack Allen, Westinghouse Electric Company; Facilitating high-level and fuel waste disposal technologies, by Malcolm Gray, IAEA, Austria; Plant life management and long-term operation, by Pal Kovacs, OECD-NEA, France; Measuring control rod position, by R. Taymanov, K. Sapozhnikova, I. Druzhinin, D.I. Mendeleyev, Institue for Metrology, Russia; and, 'Modernization' means higher safety, by Svetlana Genova, Kozluduy NPP plc, Bulgaria.

  11. Philosophy at Cambridge, Newsletter of the Faculty of Philosophy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lecky-Thompson, Jenni

    higher in countries where they charge and there are alternative approaches). “Cancer patients in the UK have poorer survival rates than in Bulgaria”. (We don’t know: in the UK we follow patients up better and know how long they live). “What about “demand... with a second youth. Many factors contributed to its resurgence, but one important event through which the Zeitgeist channeled its energies was the publication of a work by the Princeton philosopher David Lewis: On the Plurality of Worlds (OUP, 1986...

  12. World frontiers beckon oil finders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-09-01

    This paper discusses the international aspects of the petroleum industry. Most who work in the industry agree that the possibilities for huge are found largely in international regions. Something that is helping fuel that possibility is the way countries are increasingly opening their doors to US oil industry involvement. Listed in this paper is a partial list of the reported projects now underway around the world involving US companies. It is not intended to be comprehensive, but rather an indication of how work continues despite a general lull atmosphere for the oil industry. These include Albania, Bulgaria, Congo, Czechoslovakia, Dominican Republic, Ethiopia, Ireland, Malta, Madagascar, Mongolia, Mozambique, Nigeria, Panama, Paraquay, and Senegal.

  13. Mazheikiai refinery modernization study. Executive summary. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-01-01

    The study, conducted by Foster Wheeler Corporation, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency on behalf of Lithuania's Ministry of Energy. The Mazheikiai Oil Refinery is the only one in the Baltic Region and serves the needs of Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, and Kaliningrad. Before Lithuania's independence in 1990, the refinery was assured of crude supplies from Russia. However, since then the need has arisen to secure alternate sources of crude oil and the ability to process them. The purpose of the report is to provide recommendations to the Ministry of Energy for process improvements, environmental control measures, physical rehabilitation and energy conservation plans for the Mazheikiai Oil Refinery. The volume contains the Executive Summary.

  14. Mazheikiai refinery modernization study. Final report. Volume 2. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-01-01

    The study, conducted by Foster Wheeler Corporation, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency on behalf of Lithuania's Ministry of Energy. The Mazheikiai Oil Refinery is the only one in the Baltic Region and serves the needs of Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, and Kaliningrad. Before Lithuania's independence in 1990, the refinery was assured of crude supplies from Russia. However, since then the need has arisen to secure alternate sources of crude oil and the ability to process them. The purpose of the report is to provide recommendations to the Ministry of Energy for process improvements, environmental control measures, physical rehabilitation and energy conservation plans for the Mazheikiai Oil Refinery. This is Volume 2 of the study.

  15. Mazheikiai refinery modernization study. Final report. Volume 3. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-01-01

    The study, conducted by Foster Wheeler Corporation, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency on behalf of Lithuania's Ministry of Energy. The Mazheikiai Oil Refinery is the only one in the Baltic Region and serves the needs of Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, and Kaliningrad. Before Lithuania's independence in 1990, the refinery was assured of crude supplies from Russia. However, since then the need has arisen to secure alternate sources of crude oil and the ability to process them. The purpose of the report is to provide recommendations to the Ministry of Energy for process improvements, environmental control measures, physical rehabilitation and energy conservation plans for the Mazheikiai Oil Refinery. This is Volume 3 of the study.

  16. Soviet delays raise prices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Young, I.

    1992-01-15

    The breakup of the Soviet Union is causing massive disruptions to methanol exports. The changeover to a Commonwealth of independent States has created logistical problems which have led some shipments of Russian methanol to be cancelled and delayed other deliveries by up to two weeks. In recent years the Soviet Union has exported 700,000 m.t./year-900,000 m.t./year of methanol, mainly to Western Europe. The product is made at 750,000-m.t./year plants at Tomsk and Gubakha in Russia and transported by rail for shipment from the ports of Ventspils, Latvia, on the Baltic Sea and Yuzhnyy in Ukraine, on the Black Sea. The exports were handled by state export agency Soyuzagrochim, mainly under contract to West European traders and consumers in areas like Scandinavia and France.

  17. Mazheikiai refinery modernization study. Final report. Volume 1. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-01-01

    The study, conducted by Foster Wheeler Corporation, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency on behalf of Lithuania's Ministry of Energy. The Mazheikiai Oil Refinery is the only one in the Baltic Region and serves the needs of Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, and Kaliningrad. Before Lithuania's independence in 1990, the refinery was assured of crude supplies from Russia. However, since then the need has arisen to secure alternate sources of crude oil and the ability to process them. The purpose of the report is to provide recommendations to the Ministry of Energy for process improvements, environmental control measures, physical rehabilitation and energy conservation plans for the Mazheikiai Oil Refinery. This is Volume 1 of the study.

  18. The analysis of climate variability at local and regional scales in the global warming context

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mares, I.; Mares, C.

    1996-12-31

    The time series of the seasonal and annual temperatures and precipitation amounts from two stations with observations for more than 100 years and from one mountain station (data since 1928), in Romania have been analyzed. For the entire territory of Romania, 33 stations have also been studied using EOF components, for the 1950--1993 period. In order to find climate change-points, nonparametric tests Pettitt and Mann-Kendall have been used. Quantification of the significant change-points was made estimating the signal-to-noise ratio. Some of the change-points in the temperature and precipitation fields could be associated with the changes in the geopotential field at 500hPa, represented by EOFs and blocking index calculated for the Atlantic-European region. The comparison with other results obtained from the European stations or from the entire Northern Hemisphere shows several common points, but also some differences in the climate jumps, reflecting the local peculiarities.

  19. PIXE pollution studies across Europe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Innegraeve, O.; Blanchet, X.; Muntele, C. I.; Muntele, I. C.; Zimmerman, R. L.; Popa-Simil, L. (Liviu); Voiculescu, D.; Racolta, P. M.; Ila, D.

    2002-01-01

    We collected vegetation and soil samples from various locations along a route covering Eastern and Western Europe. We measured the level of elemental pollution in different places uniformly spread across the continent to determine which of them may have common sources. To achieve these objectives, samples were collected along the main roads from Romania to Portugal and analyzed using in-air PEE (Particle-Induced X-ray Emission).

  20. RHIC Beam Use Proposal HE/NP PACHE/NP PAC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Copenhagen,Denmark University of Bucharest, Romania. University of Kansas, USA. University of Bergen, Norway-Au completions at ? sNN=200 GeV ?Lighter system at ? sNN =200 GeV (preferential Si/S) ­ Au-Au at lower energy and freeze-out. Hard processes · Mini-jet production systematic; rapidity dependence (pt > 2 GeV/c p, K

  1. Guiding Douglas-fir Seed Selection in Europe Under Changing Climates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamann, Andreas

    Germany S. Germany Italy Central Europe Coastal Balkans Balkans Romania Turkey Planting Sites Spain 300 20 102 105 111103 Finland Norway Scotland S. UK N. Coast Poland E. Germany Spain France & Belgium Central A S O N D Finland 300 20 10 0 -10 200 100 0 Temperature(°C) J F M A M J J A S O N D Central Germany 300

  2. Test of two hypotheses explaining the size of populations in a system of cities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vitanov, Nikolay K

    2015-01-01

    Two classical hypotheses are examined about the population growth in a system of cities: Hypothesis 1 pertains to Gibrat's and Zipf's theory which states that the city growth-decay process is size independent; Hypothesis 2 pertains to the so called Yule process which states that the growth of populations in cities happens when (i) the distribution of the city population initial size obeys a log-normal function, (ii) the growth of the settlements follows a stochastic process. The basis for the test is some official data on Bulgarian cities at various times. This system was chosen because (i) Bulgaria is a country for which one does not expect biased theoretical conditions; (ii) the city populations were determined rather precisely. The present results show that: (i) the population size growth of the Bulgarian cities is size dependent, whence Hypothesis 1 is not confirmed for Bulgaria; (ii) the population size growth of Bulgarian cities can be described by a double Pareto log-normal distribution, whence Hypothe...

  3. Long-term photometry of the Wolf-Rayet stars WR 137, WR 140, WR 148, and WR 153

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kyril P. Panov; Martin Altmann; Wilhelm Seggewiss

    2000-02-10

    In 1991, a long term UBV-photometry campaign of four Wolf-Rayet stars was started using the 60 cm telescope of the National Astronomical Observatory Rozhen, Bulgaria. Here we report on our observational results and discuss the light variations. The star WR 137 showed only random light variations, which are probably due to dynamical wind instabilities but not to eclipses. WR 140 featured a dip in the light curve, the amplitude increasing towards shorter wavelengths. The probable cause is electron and Rayleigh scattering when the star was eclipsed by a dust envelope. In the case of WR 148 we found a period of 4.3 days and significant scatter in the light curves. Additionally there seems to be a long term variation with a period of 4 years. Our photometry of WR 153 is consistent with the quadruple model for this star.

  4. The SANS facility at the Pitesti 14MW TRIGA reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ionita, I. [Institute for Nuclear Research (Romania)], E-mail: ionionita@lycos.com; Grabcev, B.; Todireanu, S. [National Institute of Materials Physics (NIMP) (Romania); Constantin, F. [National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering (Romania); Shvetsov, V. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation); Anghel, E. [Institute for Nuclear Research (Romania); Popescu, G. [National College Alexandru Odobescu (Romania); Mincu, M.; Datcu, A. [Institute for Nuclear Research (Romania)

    2006-12-15

    The SANS facility existing at the Pitesti 14MW TRIGA reactor is presented. The main characteristics and the preliminary evaluation of the installation performances are given. A monochromatic neutron beam with 1.5 A {<=} {lambda} {<=} 5 A is produced by a mechanical velocity selector with helical slots. A fruitful partnership was established between INR Pitesti (Romania) and JINR Dubna (Russia). The first step in this cooperation consists in the manufacturing in Dubna of a battery of gas-filled positional detectors devoted to the SANS instrument.

  5. Women in physics : Are we there yet?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gagnon, Pauline

    18,2% 16,1% 11,3% Germany 13,9% 20,7% 15,2% UK 10,1% 23,2% 18,1% Italy 7,7% 25,8% 31,9% France 7,9% 27,8% 28,6% Portugal 0,9% 22,2% 20,8% Romania 0,8% 46,7% 42,9% Australia 0,7% 7,1% 0,0% Turkey 0 4 22,2% Germany 56 20,7% Canada 15 20,0% Using only countries with > 14

  6. Packaging waste recycling in Europe: Is the industry paying for it?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferreira da Cruz, Nuno Ferreira, Sandra; Cabral, Marta; Simões, Pedro; Marques, Rui Cunha

    2014-02-15

    Highlights: • We study the recycling schemes of France, Germany, Portugal, Romania and the UK. • The costs and benefits of recycling are compared for France, Portugal and Romania. • The balance of costs and benefits depend on the perspective (strictly financial/economic). • Financial supports to local authorities ought to promote cost-efficiency. - Abstract: This paper describes and examines the schemes established in five EU countries for the recycling of packaging waste. The changes in packaging waste management were mainly implemented since the Directive 94/62/EC on packaging and packaging waste entered into force. The analysis of the five systems allowed the authors to identify very different approaches to cope with the same problem: meet the recovery and recycling targets imposed by EU law. Packaging waste is a responsibility of the industry. However, local governments are generally in charge of waste management, particularly in countries with Green Dot schemes or similar extended producer responsibility systems. This leads to the need of establishing a system of financial transfers between the industry and the local governments (particularly regarding the extra costs involved with selective collection and sorting). Using the same methodological approach, the authors also compare the costs and benefits of recycling from the perspective of local public authorities for France, Portugal and Romania. Since the purpose of the current paper is to take note of who is paying for the incremental costs of recycling and whether the industry (i.e. the consumer) is paying for the net financial costs of packaging waste management, environmental impacts are not included in the analysis. The work carried out in this paper highlights some aspects that are prone to be improved and raises several questions that will require further research. In the three countries analyzed more closely in this paper the industry is not paying the net financial cost of packaging waste management. In fact, if the savings attained by diverting packaging waste from other treatment (e.g. landfilling) and the public subsidies to the investment on the “recycling system” are not considered, it seems that the industry should increase the financial support to local authorities (by 125% in France, 50% in Portugal and 170% in Romania). However, in France and Portugal the industry is paying local authorities more than just the incremental costs of recycling (full costs of selective collection and sorting minus the avoided costs). To provide a more definitive judgment on the fairness of the systems it will be necessary to assess the cost efficiency of waste management operators (and judge whether operators are claiming costs or eliciting “prices”)

  7. Rome, Italy: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,EnergyEast Jump to:Ridgway,RochesterMissouri:Romania:

  8. Qualification tests for {sup 192}Ir sealed sources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Iancso, Georgeta Iliescu, Elena Iancu, Rodica

    2013-12-16

    This paper describes the results of qualification tests for {sup 192}Ir sealed sources, available in Testing and Nuclear Expertise Laboratory of National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering 'Horia Hulubei' (I.F.I.N.-HH), Romania. These sources had to be produced in I.F.I.N.-HH and were tested in order to obtain the authorization from The National Commission for Nuclear Activities Control (CNCAN). The sources are used for gammagraphy procedures or in gammadefectoscopy equipments. Tests, measurement methods and equipments used, comply with CNCAN, AIEA and International Quality Standards and regulations. The qualification tests are: 1. Radiological tests and measurements: dose equivalent rate at 1 m; tightness; dose equivalent rate at the surface of the transport and storage container; external unfixed contamination of the container surface. 2. Mechanical and climatic tests: thermal shock; external pressure; mechanic shock; vibrations; boring; thermal conditions for storage and transportation. Passing all tests, it was obtained the Radiological Security Authorization for producing the {sup 192}Ir sealed sources. Now IFIN-HH can meet many demands for this sealed sources, as the only manufacturer in Romania.

  9. The new multimedia educational technologies, used in open and distance learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Penteliuc-Cotosman, Dieter

    2009-01-01

    This paper reviews and refers to the latest telematics technology that has turned the open system learning and helped it to become an institutional alternative to the face-to-face traditional one. Most technologies, briefly presented here, will be implemented in the "ARTeFACt" project - telematic system for vocational education system of open system learning, system which will be officially launched at the end of 2006, in the institutional offer of the Faculty of Arts of the University West of Timisoara. The scientific coordination of the doctoral project "ARTeFACt" is done by Mr. Prof. Dr. Eng. Savi G. George, representing the Department of Mechatronics Faculty of Mechanical Engineering from the University "Politehnica" of Timisoara, Romania

  10. Technical Aspects Regarding the Management of Radioactive Waste from Decommissioning of Nuclear Facilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dragolici, F.; Turcanu, C. N.; Rotarescu, G.; Paunica, I.

    2003-02-25

    The proper application of the nuclear techniques and technologies in Romania started in 1957, once with the commissioning of the Research Reactor VVR-S from IFIN-HH-Magurele. During the last 45 years, appear thousands of nuclear application units with extremely diverse profiles (research, biology, medicine, education, agriculture, transport, all types of industry) which used different nuclear facilities containing radioactive sources and generating a great variety of radioactive waste during the decommissioning after the operation lifetime is accomplished. A new aspect appears by the planning of VVR-S Research Reactor decommissioning which will be a new source of radioactive waste generated by decontamination, disassembling and demolition activities. By construction and exploitation of the Radioactive Waste Treatment Plant (STDR)--Magurele and the National Repository for Low and Intermediate Radioactive Waste (DNDR)--Baita, Bihor county, in Romania was solved the management of radioactive wastes arising from operation and decommissioning of small nuclear facilities, being assured the protection of the people and environment. The present paper makes a review of the present technical status of the Romanian waste management facilities, especially raising on treatment capabilities of ''problem'' wastes such as Ra-266, Pu-238, Am-241 Co-60, Co-57, Sr-90, Cs-137 sealed sources from industrial, research and medical applications. Also, contain a preliminary estimation of quantities and types of wastes, which would result during the decommissioning project of the VVR-S Research Reactor from IFIN-HH giving attention to some special category of wastes like aluminum, graphite and equipment, components and structures that became radioactive through neutron activation. After analyzing the technical and scientific potential of STDR and DNDR to handle big amounts of wastes resulting from the decommissioning of VVR-S Research Reactor and small nuclear facilities, the necessity of up-gradation of these nuclear objectives before starting the decommissioning plan is revealed. A short presentation of the up-grading needs is also presented.

  11. Optical and Radio Variability of BL Lacertae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaur, Haritma; Bachev, R; Strigachev, A; Semkov, E; Wiita, Paul J; Volvach, A E; Gu, Minfeng; Agarwal, A; Agudo, I; Aller, M F; Aller, H D; Kurtanidze, O M; Kurtanidze, S O; Lahteenmaki, A; Peneva, S; Nikolashvili, M G; Sigua, L A; Tornikoski, M; Volvach, L N

    2015-01-01

    We observed the prototype blazar, BL Lacertae, extensively in optical and radio bands during an active phase in the period 2010--2013 when the source showed several prominent outbursts. We searched for possible correlations and time lags between the optical and radio band flux variations using multifrequency data to learn about the mechanisms producing variability. During an active phase of BL Lacertae, we searched for possible correlations and time lags between multifrequency light curves of several optical and radio bands. We tried to estimate any possible variability timescales and inter-band lags in these bands. We performed optical observations in B, V, R and I bands from seven telescopes in Bulgaria, Georgia, Greece and India and obtained radio data at 36.8, 22.2, 14.5, 8 and 4.8 GHz frequencies from three telescopes in Ukraine, Finland and USA. Significant cross-correlations between optical and radio bands are found in our observations with a delay of cm-fluxes with respect to optical ones of ~250 days...

  12. IPIRG-2 task 1 - pipe system experiments with circumferential cracks in straight-pipe locations. Final report, September 1991--November 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott, P.; Olson, R.; Marschall, C.; Rudland, D. [and others

    1997-02-01

    This report presents the results from Task 1 of the Second International Piping Integrity Research Group (IPIRG-2) program. The IPIRG-2 program is an international group program managed by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (US NRC) and funded by a consortium of organizations from 15 nations including: Bulgaria, Canada, Czech Republic, France, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Lithuania, Republic of China, Slovak Republic, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The objective of the program was to build on the results of the IPIRG-1 and other related programs by extending the state-of-the-art in pipe fracture technology through the development of data needed to verify engineering methods for assessing the integrity of nuclear power plant piping systems that contain defects. The IPIRG-2 program included five main tasks: Task 1 - Pipe System Experiments with Flaws in Straight Pipe and Welds Task 2 - Fracture of Flawed Fittings Task 3 - Cyclic and Dynamic Load Effects on Fracture Toughness Task 4 - Resolution of Issues From IPIRG-1 and Related Programs Task 5 - Information Exchange Seminars and Workshops, and Program Management. The scope of this report is to present the results from the experiments and analyses associated with Task 1 (Pipe System Experiments with Flaws in Straight Pipe and Welds). The rationale and objectives of this task are discussed after a brief review of experimental data which existed after the IPIRG-1 program.

  13. Multi-band optical-NIR variability of blazars on diverse timescales

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agarwal, Aditi; Bachev, R; Strigachev, A; Semkov, E; Wiita, Paul J; Bottcher, M; Boeva, S; Gaur, H; Gu, M F; Peneva, S; Ibryamov, S; Pandey, U S

    2015-01-01

    To search for optical variability on a wide range of timescales, we have carried out photometric monitoring of two flat spectrum radio quasars, 3C 454.3 and 3C 279, plus one BL Lac, S5 0716+714, all of which have been exhibiting remarkably high activity and pronounced variability at all wavelengths. CCD magnitudes in B, V, R and I pass-bands were determined for $\\sim$ 7000 new optical observations from 114 nights made during 2011 - 2014, with an average length of $\\sim$ 4 h each, at seven optical telescopes: four in Bulgaria, one in Greece, and two in India. We measured multiband optical flux and colour variations on diverse timescales. Discrete correlation functions were computed among B, V, R, and I observations, to search for any time delays. We found weak correlations in some cases with no significant time lags. The structure function method was used to estimate any characteristic time-scales of variability. We also investigated the spectral energy distribution of the three blazars using B, V, R, I, J and...

  14. Chernobyl bibliography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carr, F. Jr.; Mahaffey, J.A.

    1989-09-01

    The purpose of the DOE/OHER Chernobyl Database project is to create and maintain an information system to provide usable information for research studies related to the nuclear accident. The system is the official United States repository for information about the Chernobyl accident and its consequences, and currently includes an extensive bibliography and diverse radiological measurements with supporting information. PNL has established two resources: original (not summarized) measurement data, currently about 80,000 measurements, with ancillary information; and about 2,200 bibliographic citations, some including abstracts. Major organizations that have contributed radiological measurement data include the Washington State Department of Social and Health Services; United States Environmental Protection Agency (domestic and foreign data); United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission; Stone Webster; Brookhaven National Laboratory; Commissariat A L'energie Atomique in France; Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Food in the United Kingdom; Japan National Institute of Radiological Sciences; and the Finnish Centre For Radiation and Nuclear Safety (STUK). Scientists in Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, China, Denmark, England, Federal Republic of Germany, Finland, France, Ireland, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Romania, Scotland, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United States, Wales, and Yugoslavia have made contributions. Bibliographic materials have been obtained from scientists in the above countries that have replied to requests. In addition, literature searches have been conducted, including a search of the DOE Energy Database. The last search was conducted in January, 1989. This document lists the bibliographic information in the DOE/OHER Chernobyl Database at the current time.

  15. Was Lepenski Vir an ancient Sun or Pleiades observatory?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pankovic, Vladan; Krmar, Miodrag

    2015-01-01

    In this work we consider some old hypotheses according to which remarkable mesolithic village Lepenski Vir (9500 -- 5500 BC) at the right (nearly west) Danube riverside in the Iron gate in Serbia was an ancient (one of the oldest) Sun observatory. We use method recently suggested by A. C. Sparavigna, concretely we use "freely available software" or local Sun radiation direction simulation computer programs. In this way we obtain and discuss pictures of the sunrise in the Lepenski Vir during winter and summer solstice and spring and autumn equinox in relation to position of the mountains, especially Treskavac (Trescovat) and Kukuvija at left (nearly east) Danube riverside (in Romania). While mountain Kukuvija represents really the marker for the Sun in date of the winter solstice, mountain Treskavac, in despite to usual opinions, does not represent a real marker for the Sun in date of the summer solstice. Sun rises behind Treskavac, roughly speaking, between 22.April and 1. May. It corresponds to year period w...

  16. Calibration facility for environment dosimetry instruments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bercea, Sorin; Celarel, Aurelia; Cenusa, Constantin [Horia Hulubei National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, 30 Reactorului St, Magurele, Jud Ilfov, P.O.B. MG-6, RO-077125 (Romania)

    2013-12-16

    In the last ten years, the nuclear activities, as well as the major nuclear events (see Fukushima accident) had an increasing impact on the environment, merely by contamination with radioactive materials. The most conferment way to quickly identify the presence of some radioactive elements in the environment, is to measure the dose-equivalent rate H. In this situation, information concerning the values of H due only to the natural radiation background must exist. Usually, the values of H due to the natural radiation background, are very low (?10{sup ?9} - 10{sup ?8} Sv/h). A correct measurement of H in this range involve a performing calibration of the measuring instruments in the measuring range corresponding to the natural radiation background lead to important problems due to the presence of the natural background itself the best way to overlap this difficulty is to set up the calibration stand in an area with very low natural radiation background. In Romania, we identified an area with such special conditions at 200 m dept, in a salt mine. This paper deals with the necessary requirements for such a calibration facility, as well as with the calibration stand itself. The paper includes also, a description of the calibration stand (and images) as well as the radiological and metrological parameters. This calibration facilities for environment dosimetry is one of the few laboratories in this field in Europe.

  17. U.S. Department of Energy Program of International Technical Cooperation for Research Reactor Utilization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chong, D.; Manning, M.; Ellis, R.; Apt, K.; Flaim, S.; Sylvester, K.

    2004-10-03

    The U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration (DOE/NNSA) has initiated collaborations with the national nuclear authorities of Egypt, Peru, and Romania for the purpose of advancing the commercial potential and utilization of their respective research reactors. Under its Office of International Safeguards ''Sister Laboratory'' program, DOE/NNSA has undertaken numerous technical collaborations over the past decade intended to promote peaceful applications of nuclear technology. Among these has been technical assistance in research reactor applications, such as neutron activation analysis, nuclear analysis, reactor physics, and medical radioisotope production. The current collaborations are intended to provide the subject countries with a methodology for greater commercialization of research reactor products and services. Our primary goal is the transfer of knowledge, both in administrative and technical issues, needed for the establishment of an effective business plan and utilization strategy for the continued operation of the countries' research reactors. Technical consultation, cooperation, and the information transfer provided are related to: identification, evaluation, and assessment of current research reactor capabilities for products and services; identification of opportunities for technical upgrades for new or expanded products and services; advice and consultation on research reactor upgrades and technical modifications; characterization of markets for reactor products and services; identification of competition and estimation of potential for market penetration; integration of technical constraints; estimation of cash flow streams; and case studies.

  18. International Workshops to Foster Implementation of the IAEA Additional Protocol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Killinger, Mark H.; Coates, Cameron W.; Bedke, Michael L.

    2003-07-14

    A country’s adherence to the International Atomic Energy Agency’s (IAEA) Additional Protocol is an important statement to the world of that country’s commitment to nuclear nonproliferation. Without the Additional Protocol (AP) it is possible, as demonstrated in Iraq, for a country party to the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) to clandestinely work toward nuclear weapons and be undetected by the IAEA. This is because classical safeguards under the NPT are directed at diversion of nuclear material from declared activities. But a country may instead build undeclared activities to produce weapons-grade nuclear material. The AP is directed at detecting those undeclared activities. As of May 2003, 73 countries had signed the AP, but only 35 have entered into force. To further adherence to the AP, the IAEA has held regional, high-level seminars in Japan, South Africa, Kazakhstan, Peru, Romania, and Malaysia to explain AP provisions. To supplement these policy-level seminars, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has undertaken to develop a set of modules of technical competencies required to implement the AP. The intent is to work closely with the IAEA by providing these technical competencies to countries as well as to complement the IAEA’s regional seminars and other outreach efforts. This paper briefly describes the technical competency modules.

  19. Short-Period Waves That Heat the Corona Detected at the 1999 Eclipse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jay M. Pasachoff; Bryce A. Babcock; Kevin D. Russell; Daniel B. Seaton

    2002-02-12

    As a part of a study of the cause of solar coronal heating, we searched for high-frequency (~1 Hz) intensity oscillations in coronal loops in the [Fe XIV] coronal green line. We summarize results from observations made at the 11 August 1999 total solar eclipse from Ramnicu-Valcea, Romania, through clear skies. We discuss the image reduction and analysis through two simultaneous series of coronal CCD images digitized at 10 Hz for a total time of about 140 s. One series of images was taken through a 3.6 A filter isolating the 5303 A [Fe XIV] coronal green line and the other through a 100 A filter in the nearby K-corona continuum. Previous observations, described in Pasachoff et al. (2000), showed no evidence for oscillations in the [Fe XIV] green line at a level great than 2% of coronal intensity. We describe several improvements made over the 1998 eclipse that led to increased image clarity and sensitivity. The corona was brighter in 1999 with the solar maximum, further improving the data. We use Fourier analysis to search in the [Fe XIV] channel for intensity oscillations in loops at the base of the corona. Such oscillations in the 1-Hz range are predicted as a result of density fluctuations from the resonant absorption of MHD waves. The dissipation of a significant amount of mechanical energy from the photosphere into the corona through this mechanism could provide sufficient energy to hear the corona. A Monte-Carlo model of the data suggests the presence of enhanced power, particularly in the 0.75-1.0 Hz range, and we conclude that MHD waves remain a viable method for coronal heating.

  20. Cooperative monitoring of regional security agreements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pregenzer, A.L.; Vannoni, M.; Biringer, K.L.

    1995-08-01

    This paper argues that cooperative monitoring plays a critical role in the implementation of regional security agreements and confidence building measures. A framework for developing cooperative monitoring options is proposed and several possibilities for relating bilateral and regional monitoring systems to international monitoring systems are discussed. Three bilateral or regional agreements are analyzed briefly to illustrate different possibilities: (1) the demilitarization of the Sinai region between Israel and Egypt in the 1970s; (2) the 1991 quadripartite agreement for monitoring nuclear facilities among Brazil, Argentina, The Argentine-Brazilian Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials and the International Atomic Energy Agency; and (3) a bilateral Open Skies agreement between Hungary and Romania in 1991. These examples illustrate that the relationship of regional or bilateral arms control or security agreements to international agreements depends on a number of factors: the overlap of provisions between regional and international agreements; the degree of interest in a regional agreement among the international community; efficiency in implementing the agreement; and numerous political considerations.Given the importance of regional security to the international community, regions should be encouraged to develop their own infrastructure for implementing regional arms control and other security agreements. A regional infrastructure need not preclude participation in an international regime. On the contrary, establishing regional institutions for arms control and nonproliferation could result in more proactive participation of regional parties in developing solutions for regional and international problems, thereby strengthening existing and future international regimes. Possible first steps for strengthening regional infrastructures are identified and potential technical requirements are discussed.

  1. The science, technology, and politics of ballistic missile defense

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coyle, Philip E. [Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation, Washington, DC (United States)

    2014-05-09

    America's missile defense systems are deployed at home and abroad. This includes the Groundbased Missile Defense (GMD) system in Alaska and California, the Phased Adaptive Approach in Europe (EPAA), and regional systems in the Middle East and Asia. Unfortunately these systems lack workable architectures, and many of the required elements either don't work or are missing. Major review and reconsideration is needed of all elements of these systems. GMD performance in tests has gotten worse with time, when it ought to be getting better. A lack of political support is not to blame as the DoD spends about $10 billion per year, and proposes to add about $5 billion over the next five years. Russia objects to the EPAA as a threat to its ICBM forces, and to the extensive deployment of U.S. military forces in countries such as Poland, the Czech Republic and Romania, once part of the Soviet Union. Going forward the U.S. should keep working with Russia whose cooperation will be key to diplomatic gains in the Middle East and elsewhere. Meanwhile, America's missile defenses face an enduring set of issues, especially target discrimination in the face of attacks designed to overwhelm the defenses, stage separation debris, chaff, decoys, and stealth. Dealing with target discrimination while also replacing, upgrading, or adding to the many elements of U.S. missiles defenses presents daunting budget priorities. A new look at the threat is warranted, and whether the U.S. needs to consider every nation that possesses even short-range missiles a threat to America. The proliferation of missiles of all sizes around the world is a growing problem, but expecting U.S. missile defenses to deal with all those missiles everywhere is unrealistic, and U.S. missile defenses, effective or not, are justifying more and more offensive missiles.

  2. Twenty-first workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering: Proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-01-26

    PREFACE The Twenty-First Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering was held at the Holiday Inn, Palo Alto on January 22-24, 1996. There were one-hundred fifty-five registered participants. Participants came from twenty foreign countries: Argentina, Austria, Canada, Costa Rica, El Salvador, France, Iceland, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, the Philippines, Romania, Russia, Switzerland, Turkey and the UK. The performance of many geothermal reservoirs outside the United States was described in several of the papers. Professor Roland N. Horne opened the meeting and welcomed visitors. The key note speaker was Marshall Reed, who gave a brief overview of the Department of Energy's current plan. Sixty-six papers were presented in the technical sessions of the workshop. Technical papers were organized into twenty sessions concerning: reservoir assessment, modeling, geology/geochemistry, fracture modeling hot dry rock, geoscience, low enthalpy, injection, well testing, drilling, adsorption and stimulation. Session chairmen were major contributors to the workshop, and we thank: Ben Barker, Bobbie Bishop-Gollan, Tom Box, Jim Combs, John Counsil, Sabodh Garg, Malcolm Grant, Marcel0 Lippmann, Jim Lovekin, John Pritchett, Marshall Reed, Joel Renner, Subir Sanyal, Mike Shook, Alfred Truesdell and Ken Williamson. Jim Lovekin gave the post-dinner speech at the banquet and highlighted the exciting developments in the geothermal field which are taking place worldwide. The Workshop was organized by the Stanford Geothermal Program faculty, staff, and graduate students. We wish to thank our students who operated the audiovisual equipment. Shaun D. Fitzgerald Program Manager.

  3. Decommissioning the Romanian Water-Cooled Water-Moderated Research Reactor: New Environmental Perspective on the Management of Radioactive Waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barariu, G.; Giumanca, R. [Romanian Authority for Nuclear Activity (RAAN), Subsidiary of Technology and Engineering for Nuclear Objectives (SITON), 111 Atomistilor St., Bucuresti-Magurele, Ilfov (Romania)

    2006-07-01

    Pre-feasibility and feasibility studies were performed for decommissioning of the water-cooled water-moderated research reactor (WWER) located in Bucharest - Magurele, Romania. Using these studies as a starting point, the preferred safe management strategy for radioactive wastes produced by reactor decommissioning is outlined. The strategy must account for reactor decommissioning, as well as for the rehabilitation of the existing Radioactive Waste Treatment Plant and for the upgrade of the Radioactive Waste Disposal Facility at Baita-Bihor. Furthermore, the final rehabilitation of the laboratories and ecological reconstruction of the grounds need to be provided for, in accordance with national and international regulations. In accordance with IAEA recommendations at the time, the pre-feasibility study proposed three stages of decommissioning. However, since then new ideas have surfaced with regard to decommissioning. Thus, taking into account the current IAEA ideology, the feasibility study proposes that decommissioning of the WWER be done in one stage to an unrestricted clearance level of the reactor building in an Immediate Dismantling option. Different options and the corresponding derived preferred option for waste management are discussed taking into account safety measures, but also considering technical, logistical and economic factors. For this purpose, possible types of waste created during each decommissioning stage are reviewed. An approximate inventory of each type of radioactive waste is presented. The proposed waste management strategy is selected in accordance with the recommended international basic safety standards identified in the previous phase of the project. The existing Radioactive Waste Treatment Plant (RWTP) from the Horia Hulubei Institute for Nuclear Physics and Engineering (IFIN-HH), which has been in service with no significant upgrade since 1974, will need refurbishing due to deterioration, as well as upgrading in order to ensure the plant complies with current safety standards. This plant will also need to be adapted to treat wastes generated by WWER dismantling. The Baita-Bihor National Radioactive Waste Disposal Facility consists of two galleries in an abandoned uranium mine located in the central-western part of the Bihor Mountains in Transylvania. The galleries lie at a depth of 840 m. The facility requires a considerable overhaul. Several steps recommended for the upgrade of the facility are explored. Environmental concerns have lately become a crucial part of the radioactive waste management strategy. As such, all decisions must be made with great regard for land utilization around nuclear objectives. (authors)

  4. Nuclear Data Sheets for A = 84

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abriola, Daniel; Bostan, Melih; Erturk, Sefa; Fadil, Manssour; Galan, Monica; Juutinen, Sakari; Kibedi, Tibor; Kondev, Filip; Luca, Aurelian; Negret, Alexandru; Nica, Ninel; Pfeiffer, Bernd; Singh, Balraj; Sonzogni, Alejandro; Timar, Janos; Tuli, Jagdish; Venkova, Tsanka; Zuber, Kazimierz

    2009-11-15

    The evaluated spectroscopic data are presented for 12 known nuclides of mass 84 (Ga, Ge, As, Se, Br, Kr, Rb, Sr, Y, Zr, Nb, Mo). Except for the stable nuclides {sup 84}Sr and {sup 84}Kr, extensive new data are available for all the other nuclides since the 1997 evaluation by J.K. Tuli (1997Tu02) of A = 84 nuclides. Many precise Penning-trap mass measurements since AME-2003 for A = 84 nuclides (2009Re03,2008Ha23,2008We10,2007Ke09,2006Ka48,2006De36,2006Ri15) have resulted in improved Q values and separation energies. However, many deficiencies still remain. Some examples are given below. Excited-state data for {sup 84}Ga and {sup 84}As are nonexistent, and those for {sup 84}Ge are scarce. The radioactive decay schemes of {sup 84}Ga, {sup 84}Ge, {sup 84}Se, {sup 84}Y (39.5 min), {sup 84}Y (4.6 s), {sup 84}Zr and {sup 84}Nb suffer from incompleteness and that for {sup 84}Mo decay is not known at all. The energy ordering of the two activities (39.5 min and and 4.6 s) of {sup 84}Y is not well established, although, high-spin with tentative spin-parity of (6+) is adopted here as the ground state of {sup 84}Y based on weak arguments. From a conference report published in 2000, it is clear that extensive experiments were done to investigate decays of {sup 84}Zr and {sup 84}Y, but details of these studies never appeared in literature and none were made available to the evaluators when requested from original authors. This evaluation was carried out as part of ENSDF workshop for Nuclear Structure and Decay Data Evaluators, organized and hosted by the 'Horia Hulubei' National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Bucharest, Romania during March 30, 2009 - April 3, 2009. Names of the evaluators principally responsible for evaluation of individual nuclides are given under the respective Adopted data sets.

  5. Nuclear data sheets for A=84.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abriola, D.; Bostan, M.; Erturk, S.; Fadil, M.; Galan, M; Juutinen, S.; Luca, A.; Negret, A.; Nica, N.; Pfeiffer, B.; Singh, B.; Sonzogni, A.; Timar, J.; Tuli, J.; Venkova, T.; Zuber, K.; Kondev, F.; Nuclear Engineering Division; IAEA, Austria; Istanbul Univ.; Nigde Univ.; GANIL, France; CIEMAT, Spain; Univ. Jyvaskyla; ANU, Austrialia; IFIN-HH, Romania; Texas A&M; GSI, Germany; McMaster,Canada; NNDC; ATOMKI, Hungary; INRNE, Bulgaria; IFJ-PAN, Poland

    2009-01-01

    The evaluated spectroscopic data are presented for 12 known nuclides of mass 84 (Ga, Ge, As, Se, Br, Kr, Rb, Sr, Y, Zr, Nb, Mo). Except for the stable nuclides {sup 84}Sr and {sup 84}Kr, extensive new data are available for all the other nuclides since the 1997 evaluation by J.K. Tuli (1997Tu02) of A = 84 nuclides. Many precise Penning-trap mass measurements since AME-2003 for A = 84 nuclides (2009Re03,2008Ha23,2008We10,2007Ke09,2006Ka48,2006De36,2006Ri15) have resulted in improved Q values and separation energies. However, many deficiencies still remain. Some examples are given below. Excited-state data for {sup 84}Ga and {sup 84}As are nonexistent, and those for {sup 84}Ge are scarce. The radioactive decay schemes of {sup 84}Ga, {sup 84}Ge, {sup 84}Se, {sup 84}Y (39.5 min), {sup 84}Y (4.6 s), {sup 84}Zr and {sup 84}Nb suffer from incompleteness and that for {sup 84}Mo decay is not known at all. The energy ordering of the two activities (39.5 min and 4.6 s) of {sup 84}Y is not well established, although, high-spin with tentative spin-parity of (6+) is adopted here as the ground state of {sup 84}Y based on weak arguments. From a conference report published in 2000, it is clear that extensive experiments were done to investigate decays of {sup 84}Zr and {sup 84}Y, but details of these studies never appeared in literature and none were made available to the evaluators when requested from original authors. This evaluation was carried out as part of ENSDF workshop for Nuclear Structure and Decay Data Evaluators, organized and hosted by the 'Horia Hulubei' National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Bucharest, Romania during March 30, 2009 - April 3, 2009. Names of the evaluators principally responsible for evaluation of individual nuclides are given under the respective Adopted data sets.

  6. Nuclear Data Sheets A = 84

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abriola, D.; Sonzogni, A.; Bostan,M. Erturk,S.; Fadi,M.; Galan,M.; Juutinen,S.; Kibed,T.; Kondev,F.; Luca,A.; Negret,A.; Nica,N.; Pfeiffer,B.; Singh.B.; Sonzogni,A.; Timar,J.; Tuli,J.; Venkova,T.; Zuber,K.

    2009-11-01

    The evaluated spectroscopic data are presented for 12 known nuclides of mass 84 (Ga, Ge, As, Se, Br, Kr, Rb, Sr, Y, Zr, Nb, Mo). Except for the stable nuclides {sup 84}Sr and {sup 84}Kr, extensive new data are available for all the other nuclides since the 1997 evaluation by J.K. Tuli (1997Tu02) of A = 84 nuclides. Many precise Penning-trap mass measurements since AME-2003 for A = 84 nuclides (2009Re03,2008Ha23,2008We10,2007Ke09,2006Ka48,2006De36,2006Ri15) have resulted in improved Q values and separation energies. However, many deficiencies still remain. Some examples are given below. Excited-state data for {sup 84}Ga and {sup 84}As are nonexistent, and those for {sup 84}Ge are scarce. The radioactive decay schemes of {sup 84}Ga, {sup 84}Ge, {sup 84}Se, {sup 84}Y (39.5 min), {sup 84}Y (4.6 s), {sup 84}Zr and {sup 84}Nb suffer from incompleteness and that for {sup 84}Mo decay is not known at all. The energy ordering of the two activities (39.5 min and and 4.6 s) of {sup 84}Y is not well established, although, high-spin with tentative spin-parity of (6+) is adopted here as the ground state of {sup 84}Y based on weak arguments. From a conference report published in 2000, it is clear that extensive experiments were done to investigate decays of {sup 84}Zr and {sup 84}Y, but details of these studies never appeared in literature and none were made available to the evaluators when requested from original authors. This evaluation was carried out as part of ENSDF workshop for Nuclear Structure and Decay Data Evaluators, organized and hosted by the 'Horia Hulubei' National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Bucharest, Romania during March 30, 2009 - April 3, 2009. Names of the evaluators principally responsible for evaluation of individual nuclides are given under the respective Adopted data sets.

  7. Challenges for Lithuania: Ignalina NPP Early Closure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Teskeviciene, Birute [Ministry of Economy, Gedimino pr. 38/2, Vilnius, LT-01104 (Lithuania); Harrison, Peter [Central Project Management Agency, S. Konarskio 13, Vilnius, LT-03109 (Lithuania)

    2008-01-15

    As a condition of accession into the European Union (EU), Lithuania is committed to the closure and decommissioning of Ignalina NPP comprising two RBMK-1500 reactor units (Fig. 1). It was agreed in a special protocol to the Accession Treaty that, in return for adequate EU financial assistance, Unit 1 would be closed before 2005 and Unit 2 by the end of 2009. The first unit was duly shut down on December 31, 2004. Lithuania, which has borders with Russia (Kaliningrad territory), Poland, Latvia and Belarus, spent fifty years as part of the Soviet Union and was deeply integrated into its economy and electrical infrastructure. At the break-up of the USSR, Lithuania inherited electricity generating capacity designed to supply the north-west region including ownership of Ignalina NPP located in the north-east of the country. Ignalina NPP Unit 1 was commissioned in 1983, Unit 2 in 1987; the planned lifespan of each unit was 30 years. Construction of a third unit was started but never completed. Since Lithuania became independent in 1990, Ignalina NPP has typically contributed more than 70% of national power supply. The town of Visaginas (population approx. 30,000) was purpose built to serve the plant and staff were brought in from throughout the USSR. With 3200 direct employees, Ignalina NPP remains by far the largest employer. Although there are pockets of Russian-language speakers in communities throughout Lithuania, Visaginas is the only example on a whole-town scale. Thus closure of Ignalina NPP within the restricted timescale required by the EU Accession Treaty commitment set an exceptional challenge to Lithuania. However, since the preparatory phase of decommissioning started in 2000, notable progress has been made, experience gained and lessons learnt. At present Unit 1 remains partially fueled in a state of care and maintenance. Partly burnt fuel is being transferred from Unit 1 to Unit 2 for further irradiation in order to minimize the commitment of new fuel thereby reducing operating costs and the final quantity of spent fuel. Design and construction of the facilities for spent fuel storage, waste processing and free-release is ongoing. The siting of the Near Surface Repository is now in the final stages of approval and construction of the landfill facility is under tendering. In order to facilitate the approval process and minimize the transport of waste, both disposal facilities will be within the boundary of the NPP site. Approximately 450 staff are employed at the shutdown Unit 1 for the safe maintenance of essential systems. The total staffing level at the plant is currently being reduced by around 200 each year, with a larger release to take place at the closure of Unit 2. It is envisaged that 2000 staff will be required for the dismantling operations. Although Ignalina NPP is still in the early stages of closure and decommissioning, some important lessons have already been learnt: Firstly, the importance considering social and financial issues as well as technical factors in deciding the decommissioning strategy. This should be done before the preparation is started of the FDP. The same broad consideration should also be given to the economic restructuring of the local area. Consultation is necessary with local and national authorities, and other stakeholders up to ensure a common vision. At Ignalina NPP it was considered essential to staff morale and the maintenance of a strong safety culture to guarantee the special social and employment benefits to dismissed staff in law [9]. At the same time, measures were also adopted to encourage certain key personnel to remain at the plant until closure. The case of Lithuania, which at independence had no legislative framework or management infrastructure for radioactive waste, may be exceptional; however, for all decommissioning projects it is necessary to have, from the outset, a clear strategy on waste storage and disposal. Finally, coordination at all levels must be assured, especially with the involvement of the nuclear regulators and other regulatory authorities, t