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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "latvia lithuania macedonia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Geology and hydrocarbon prospects of Latvia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Oil prospects in Latvia are associated with the Baltic syneclise. Latvia occupies about one fourth of that large tectonic depression; zones of oil accumulation continue there from adjacent areas: the Telshai rampart (Lithuania) and the Leba nose (Polish offshore). The oil prospects in separate areas are determined by their position regarding the sources of oil generation--the Gdansk-Kura and Liepaya depressions. The most prospective areas are the Liepaya-Saldus zone of highs and the Pape-Barta trough. The Liepaya-Saldus zone was situated so that the hydrocarbon migration path crossed it. It probably is an important oil accumulation zone. The paper describes the geology of Latvia and the one oil field in Latvia.

Freimanis, A. (Latvian Dept. of Geology, Riga (Latvia)); Margulis, L.; Brangulis, A.; Kanev, S.; Pomerantseva, R. (Inst. of Marine Geology and Geophysics, Riga (Latvia))

1993-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

2

Challenges for Lithuania: Ignalina NPP Early Closure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As a condition of accession into the European Union (EU), Lithuania is committed to the closure and decommissioning of Ignalina NPP comprising two RBMK-1500 reactor units (Fig. 1). It was agreed in a special protocol to the Accession Treaty that, in return for adequate EU financial assistance, Unit 1 would be closed before 2005 and Unit 2 by the end of 2009. The first unit was duly shut down on December 31, 2004. Lithuania, which has borders with Russia (Kaliningrad territory), Poland, Latvia and Belarus, spent fifty years as part of the Soviet Union and was deeply integrated into its economy and electrical infrastructure. At the break-up of the USSR, Lithuania inherited electricity generating capacity designed to supply the north-west region including ownership of Ignalina NPP located in the north-east of the country. Ignalina NPP Unit 1 was commissioned in 1983, Unit 2 in 1987; the planned lifespan of each unit was 30 years. Construction of a third unit was started but never completed. Since Lithuania became independent in 1990, Ignalina NPP has typically contributed more than 70% of national power supply. The town of Visaginas (population approx. 30,000) was purpose built to serve the plant and staff were brought in from throughout the USSR. With 3200 direct employees, Ignalina NPP remains by far the largest employer. Although there are pockets of Russian-language speakers in communities throughout Lithuania, Visaginas is the only example on a whole-town scale. Thus closure of Ignalina NPP within the restricted timescale required by the EU Accession Treaty commitment set an exceptional challenge to Lithuania. However, since the preparatory phase of decommissioning started in 2000, notable progress has been made, experience gained and lessons learnt. At present Unit 1 remains partially fueled in a state of care and maintenance. Partly burnt fuel is being transferred from Unit 1 to Unit 2 for further irradiation in order to minimize the commitment of new fuel thereby reducing operating costs and the final quantity of spent fuel. Design and construction of the facilities for spent fuel storage, waste processing and free-release is ongoing. The siting of the Near Surface Repository is now in the final stages of approval and construction of the landfill facility is under tendering. In order to facilitate the approval process and minimize the transport of waste, both disposal facilities will be within the boundary of the NPP site. Approximately 450 staff are employed at the shutdown Unit 1 for the safe maintenance of essential systems. The total staffing level at the plant is currently being reduced by around 200 each year, with a larger release to take place at the closure of Unit 2. It is envisaged that 2000 staff will be required for the dismantling operations. Although Ignalina NPP is still in the early stages of closure and decommissioning, some important lessons have already been learnt: Firstly, the importance considering social and financial issues as well as technical factors in deciding the decommissioning strategy. This should be done before the preparation is started of the FDP. The same broad consideration should also be given to the economic restructuring of the local area. Consultation is necessary with local and national authorities, and other stakeholders up to ensure a common vision. At Ignalina NPP it was considered essential to staff morale and the maintenance of a strong safety culture to guarantee the special social and employment benefits to dismissed staff in law [9]. At the same time, measures were also adopted to encourage certain key personnel to remain at the plant until closure. The case of Lithuania, which at independence had no legislative framework or management infrastructure for radioactive waste, may be exceptional; however, for all decommissioning projects it is necessary to have, from the outset, a clear strategy on waste storage and disposal. Finally, coordination at all levels must be assured, especially with the involvement of the nuclear regulators and other regulatory authorities, t

Teskeviciene, Birute [Ministry of Economy, Gedimino pr. 38/2, Vilnius, LT-01104 (Lithuania); Harrison, Peter [Central Project Management Agency, S. Konarskio 13, Vilnius, LT-03109 (Lithuania)

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

3

Changing Demographics in Latvia by Changing Ethnic Law  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis examines language and citizenship laws in Latvia to determine how they have been used to change Latvia's internal ethnic identity and external geopolitical relations. A discourse analysis of two of the region's major news sources...

Cooper, Zachary L.

2008-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

4

WHO REPORT ON THE GLOBAL TOBACCO EPIDEMIC, 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania,I Data not reported Kazakhstan None Kyrgyzstan LatviaIreland Israel Italy Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania

WHO World Health Organization

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2011: Warning about the dangers of tobacco  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ireland Israel Italy — V Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan LatviaIreland Israel Italy Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia LithuaniaIreland Israel Italy Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania

WHO

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Macedonia, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowell Point,ECO Auger <Industries IncMacedonia, Ohio: Energy

7

Advocacy Coalitions in East European Sex Tourism: The Case of Latvia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The widening of the European Union and the emergence of budget airlines have brought with them a host of challenges to new member states like Latvia. A result of the economic polarization and its disproportionate effect ...

Dean, Laura A.

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

8

TREE RINGS OF NORWAY SPRUCE (PICEA ABIES (L.) KARSTEN) IN LITHUANIA AS DROUGHT INDICATORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TREE RINGS OF NORWAY SPRUCE (PICEA ABIES (L.) KARSTEN) IN LITHUANIA AS DROUGHT INDICATORS A. Vitas growth of Norway spruce in Lithuania during 20th century has been conducted. Hypothesis of the study century are attributed. Keywords: air temperature, drought, Norway spruce, pointer year, precipitation

9

Microsoft Word - Final Nuclear Materials Management and Safeguards...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the...

10

Microsoft PowerPoint - 8_Martyn_NMMSS_2013_Foreign Obligations...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, The...

11

Microsoft PowerPoint - 10_ROSE_MARTYN_UPDATED_NMMSS_2014_Foreign...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, The...

12

Microsoft PowerPoint - 2A_Wednesday 5-22 830 NMMSS_2013_Presentation...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the...

13

Microsoft Word - Foreign Obligation Codes.docx  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the...

14

Microsoft PowerPoint - 2_hirsh Monday 5-20 Overview.ppt [Compatibility...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the...

15

Microsoft PowerPoint - 6_Mitch Hembree_Monday 5-20 1115 NMMSS...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the...

16

The relations between Turkey and Macedonia: The incoherencies of a political partnership  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The relations between Turkey and Macedonia: The incoherencies of a political partnership Sylvie, the appointment of ambassadors was announced. Only the official relations between Turkey and the FRY were, was recalled on of January 31, 1992, a few days after Turkey announced its imminent recognition of the four

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

17

Presidentialism, Parliamentarism, and Democracy Reconsidered  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

through regular elections and guarantee civil liberties, thereby reducing political violence (Kitschelt 1986). Within a similar line of studies, scholars note that resources are essential to sustain and mobilize violent activities (Dalton, Sickle... Violence Albania 1998 999 1.41 Latvia 1996 1200 1.81 Argentina* 1995 1079 1.68 Lithuania 1997 1009 1.82 Armenia 1997 2000 1.85 Macedonia 1998 995 1.67 Australia 1995 2048 1.63 Moldova 1996 984 2.13 Bangladesh 1996 1525 1.13 New Zealand 1998 1201 1.60 Brazil...

Yeh, Yao-Yuan

2014-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

18

Essays on Political Economy of Religion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Macedonia Vote percentage Montenegro Germany Year Source:Lithuania Spain-UC Ireland Spain-LC Albania MontenegroSlovakia Montenegro Czech Republic-LC Denmark Liberal

Grigoriadis, Theocharis Nikolaou

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

RECENT ADVANCES in HEAT and MASS TRANSFER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bashir Suleiman ,UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Dagmar Janacova, CZECH REPUBLIC Jonas Gylys, LITHUANIA Jurij Krope Ali Elghalban, PAKISTAN Andrejs Reinfelds, LATVIA Andris Buikis, LATVIA Asad Salem, UNITED STATES, UNITED STATES Milivoje Kostic, UNITED STATES Mohammadmasoud Azhdari moghaddam, IRAN Nenad Kazic

Kostic, Milivoje M.

20

Physica A 362 (2006) 465470 Fractionally integrated process for transition economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engineering, University of Rijeka, Rijeka, Croatia, Rudjer Boskovic Institute, Zagreb, Croatia b Center Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Croatia, Lithuania, Estonia and Latvia. All

Stanley, H. Eugene

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "latvia lithuania macedonia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Minerals yearbook: Mineral industries of Europe and central Eurasia. Volume 3. 1992 international review  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Volume III, Minerals Yearbook -- International Review contains the latest available mineral data on more than 175 foreign countries and discusses the importance of minerals to the economies of these nations. Since the 1989 International Review, the volume has been presented as six reports. The report presents the Mineral Industries of Europe and Central Eurasia. The report incorporates location maps, industry structure tables, and an outlook section previously incorporated in the authors' Minerals Perspectives Series quinquennial regional books, which are being discontinued. This section of the Minerals Yearbook reviews the minerals industries of 45 countries: the 12 nations of the European Community (EC); 6 of the 7 nations of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA); Malta; the 11 Eastern European economies in transition (Albania, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro, and Slovenia); and the countries of Central Eurasia (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgystan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan).

Not Available

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

ACADEMIC DELEGATION VISITS 2008 -2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ACADEMIC DELEGATION VISITS GRAPHICS 2008 - 2014 #12;Europe: Macedonia, Estonia, Romania, Bosnia, Germany, Estonia, Romania, Turkey, Belarus Asia: Kazakhstan, Russia, Thailand, Japan, Armenia, China, Brazil North America: Mexico, Canada Total Visits: 30 Europe: Czech Republic, Latvia, Germany, Romania

Di Pillo, Gianni

23

Book Review. The 20th Century Libraries in the Baltic Sea Regions. Transactions of the National Library of Estonia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

’s treatment of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania is balanced and devoid of nationalistic Jingoism or patriotic bias. His conclusions reflect general patterns in the data, neither overstating nor understating similarities and differences. Arida...

Giullian, Jon C.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

UNECE Timber Committee Market Discussions 8th October 2003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ukraine Yugoslavia Croatia Hungary Million m3 Source: JP database, UNECE/FAO #12;12 0 2 4 6 8 1990 1992.8 1 1.2 Estonia Latvia Czech Lithuania Croatia Hungary Belarus Poland Slovakia Yugoslavia Slovenia

25

Perspectives on the United States Health Care System by International students from the newly independent states of the former Soviet Union and a comparison of former Soviet countries' and the United States Health Care Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Institutional Studies and Planning, 2001). The research of this thesis was limited to students of the NIS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bclarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine... 22 Q-5 In what country were you born? Q-6 1 Armenia 2 Azerbaijan 3 Belarus 4 Georgia 5 Kazakhstan 6 Kyrgyzstan 7 Latvia 8 Lithuania 9 Moldova 10 Russia 11 Tajikistan 12 Turkmenistan 13 Ukraine 14 Uzbekistan 15 Other (Please Specify...

Leuenberger, Larissa Diane

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

26

Fusion Electricity A roadmap to the realisation of fusion energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fusion Electricity A roadmap to the realisation of fusion energy #12;28 European countries signed association EURaToM ­ University of latvia LATVIA lithuanian Energy Institute LITHUANIA Ministry of Education and Research ROMANIA Ministry of Education, science, culture and sport SLOVENIA centro de Investigaciones

27

Latvia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpInc Place:Keystone CleanLaton, California: Energy Resources Jump

28

COST ACTON A22: Exploring New Ways to Explore the Future www.costa22.org COST Action A22  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Technology and Innovation, Denmark Technology Foresight inside: ·Energy ·Agriculture ·Biotechnologies/08/2003 Switzerland 14/07/2004LithuaniaFinland 06/08/2003 Sweden 11/06/2003LatviaEstonia 20/11/2003 Spain 25 and the context of sustainability will necessitate a cross- disciplinary approach in drawing experience

29

The European tobacco control report 2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Netherlands Republic of Moldova The European tobacco control report 2007 pagepage 9 Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, the Republic of Moldova, Netherlands,Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Republic of Moldova Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovakia Slovenia The European tobacco control report 2007 page

World Health Organization

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Lithuania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpInc Place:KeystoneSolarList ofPassiveMachineBalanceArea, California

31

EUDEEP (Smart Grid Project) (Latvia) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address:011-DNA Jump37. It is classified as ASHRAEDuvalJusticeEPS Corp JumpESVEUDEEP

32

Republic of Macedonia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

initiative to support developing countries' efforts to pursue long-term, transformative development and accelerate sustainable, climate-resilient economic growth while slowing...

33

Republic of Macedonia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar PowerstoriesNrelPartnerType Jump to:CoStrategies (EC-LEDS) | Open Energy

34

Republic of Macedonia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to: navigation, searchVirginia Blue Ridge AndREII Jump to:RFSLOpenRenvilleRepublic

35

Industry turns its attention south  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper discusses the outlook for the gas and oil industries in the Former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Significant foreign investment continues to elude Russia`s oil and gas industry, so the Caspian nations of Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan are picking up the slack, welcoming the flow of foreign capital to their energy projects. Separate evaluations are given for Russia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Moldova, Tajikstan, Uzbekistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Serbia.

Marhefka, D. [Russian Petroleum Investor, Moscow (Russian Federation)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Deputy Secretary of Energy Meets with President of Latvia | Department of  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector General Office of Audit Services AuditTransatlantic Relations & the AtlanticEnergy Deputy

37

E-Print Network 3.0 - antaviliai eastern lithuania Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Glasgow Collection: Computer Technologies and Information Sciences 94 Biofuel and Bioenergy implementation scenarios Summary: of biofuels for the transport sector in...

38

Implementation of EU Waste Recycling Regulation in Macedonia: The Challenges of Policy Integration and Normative Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cut open the container and collect the plastic bottles thatThe existing PET plastic bottled containers were originallythat the plastic bottle collection containers hade been made

Ilievska Kremer, Jannika Sjostrand

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Implementation of EU Waste Recycling Regulation in Macedonia: The Challenges of Policy Integration and Normative Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

harmonization; plastic bottles; batteries; informal sector,recycling of PET plastic bottles and household batteries.3. Laws managing PET plastic bottles and batteries were

Ilievska Kremer, Jannika Sjostrand

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Implementation of EU Waste Recycling Regulation in Macedonia: The Challenges of Policy Integration and Normative Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a specific focus on the recycling of PET plastic bottles andprocess I chose recycling of PET plastic bottles andinformal recycling in Skopje. They collect mainly PET and

Ilievska Kremer, Jannika Sjostrand

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "latvia lithuania macedonia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Republic of Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar PowerstoriesNrelPartnerType Jump to:CoStrategies (EC-LEDS) | Open EnergyEnergy

42

Implementation of EU Waste Recycling Regulation in Macedonia: The Challenges of Policy Integration and Normative Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

No. 34. USAID Plastic Recycling Project. Accessed March Recycling Regulation in Macedoniathe Macedonian waste and recycling regulatory framework with

Ilievska Kremer, Jannika Sjostrand

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Republic of Macedonia-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-g Grant of Access(CaliforniaProduction (RECP) in Developing and

44

Republic of Macedonia-World Bank Climate Projects | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-g Grant of Access(CaliforniaProduction (RECP) in Developing andWebsite

45

Explaining ratification of human rights treaties : signaling for aid during regional crises  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the Krajina region of Croatia 1990-91,” Eds. Jan KoehlerIn southwestern Europe, Croatia, Bosnia, Macedonia, Serbiainclude: Belarus, Romania, Croatia, Bosnia, Macedonia,

Smith, Heather Michelle

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Tolerance for Income Inequality and Redistributive Preferences: Cross-nation and Multilevel Perspectives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rep. Latvia Bulgaria Croatia Turkey Poland South AfricaTurkey Estonia China Austria Croatia Philippines UK DenmarkIsrael South Africa Turkey Croatia Bulgaria Latvia France

Tay, Thiam Chye

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

STUDENT HEALTH SERVICES University of Massachusetts Lowell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Macedonia-TFYR Palau Suriname Algeria Chad Guinea Madagascar Panama Syrian Arab Republic Angola China Guinea

Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

48

Universit degli Studi di BARI CdL nelle Professioni Sanitarie  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Serbia, Kosovo e Macedonia C) Da Serbia e Montenegro D) Da Serbia, Montenegro, Slovenia, Croazia, Bosnia

Malerba, Donato

49

Levels of magnesium compounds of different solubility in predominant soil types in Lithuania, effects on agricultural plants.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In Europe the views on the demand of magnesium by agricultural plants as well as on the need for magnesium fertilization are different. In European… (more)

Rutkauskien?, Rasa

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Studies of leukemia and thyroid disease among Chernobyl clean-up workers from the Baltics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Following the reactor accident at Chernobyl in late April of 1986, hundreds of thousands of men from throughout the former Soviet Union were sent to Chernobyl to entomb the damaged reactor, remove radioactive debris, and help decontaminate the local environment. They remained for an average of three months and were allowed to accumulate up to 25 cGy of radiation before being sent home. Doses for some workers may have exceeded the allowable limit. The experience of Chernobyl clean-up workers is potentially informative about cancer risk associated with protracted exposure to low levels of radiation. Cohorts of clean-up workers from the Baltic Republics were assembled for study, based on military records and other lists. The study population includes 4,833 men from Estonia 5,709 from Latvia and at least 5,446 from Lithuania, where a pilot study is underway. They are being monitored for cancer incidence through linkages with the corresponding national cancer registries. Biodosimetric assays, including fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) for chromosome translocation analysis and the glycophorin A (GPA) somatic cell mutation assay, are being used to supplement information about radiation doses from worker records and questionnaires. Thyroid screening examinations, including palpation, ultrasound and, selectively, fine-needle aspiration biopsies were performed on nearly 2,000 workers in the Estonian cohort (mean age, 40 y) during the spring of 1995, nine years after the reactor accident. The study is still in progress. Work began first in Estonia, and results presented here pertain to this subgroup except as otherwise noted. The average age at the time of arrival at Chernobyl was 31 years. 62% were sent in 1986. Possible reasons for the apparent absence or rarity of radiation-induced thyroid nodules include low and protracted doses, low susceptibility among men exposed as adults, and insufficient passage of time since the accident.

Inskip, P.D. [National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD (United States); Tekkel, M.; Rahu, M. [Institute of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Tallinn (Estonia)] [and others

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

E-Print Network 3.0 - antigua and barbuda Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

MACEDONIA FRENCH GUIANA BELARUS BAHAMAS PORTUGAL FRANCE (INCL... -HERZEGOVINIA SURINAME HONG KONG ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN SWEDEN BULGARIA ... Source: Schwartz, Stephen E. -...

52

albanian pregnant women: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

loanwords. These can be found in Geg in the north (northern Albania, Montenegro, Kosovo, southern Serbia, western Macedonia), Tosk in the south (southern Albania......

53

Jennifer Tishler Page 1 11/3/2009 H:\\Grants and Fellowships\\Funding Resources for REECAS_2009.docx  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Montenegro, Romania, and Serbia. Scholars may conduct research in more than one country during a single trip, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, and Serbia. Fellowships typically provide full tuition

Sheridan, Jennifer

54

International reserves management and the current account  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Guyana Indonesia Jordan Kazakhstan Kyrgyz Republic Laoof Iraq Jamaica Jordan Kazakhstan Macedonia, FYR MaldivesJamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea Kuwait Kyrgyz

Aizenman, Joshua

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Stories of the Twentieth Century for the Twenty-First  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bosnia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary,Ukraine, Bulgaria, Croatia, Macedonia, and Slovenia allChile China Columbia Croatia Dominican Republic Ecuador

Gourinchas, Pierre-Olivier; Obstfeld, Maurice

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Malawi-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the Philippines, Serbia, and Vietnam. Fact Sheet...

57

Kazakhstan-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the Philippines, Serbia, and Vietnam. Fact Sheet...

58

Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Country Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Republic of Macedonia, Malawi, Mexico, Moldova, Philippines, South Africa, Serbia,...

59

Ukraine-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the Philippines, Serbia, and Vietnam. Fact Sheet...

60

United States and Latvian Governments Sign Agreement to Allow...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Raimonds Vejonis signed the agreement, which will provide for repatriation to Russia of SovietRussian-origin nuclear fuel from Latvia's shutdown research reactors at...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "latvia lithuania macedonia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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61

The power of the family  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Republic Latvia Belgium Uruguay Netherlands Australia CanadaAustria Canada Ireland Uruguay Portugal Singapore HungaryMexico Pakistan France Uruguay Ukraine Spain Italy Poland

Alesina, Alberto; Giuliano, Paola

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

The power of the family  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Denmark, Estonia, Spain, Finland, France, Great Britain,ties Croatia Algeria Finland Sweden Latvia Czech RepublicRep. South Africa (Union of) Finland Korea Mexico Bangladesh

Alesina, Alberto; Giuliano, Paola

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

E-Print Network 3.0 - austria telekanal hakkab Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Turkey Czech Republic Romania Romania Riga Latvia Luxembourg Luxembourg... Potsdam Germany Austria Hungary Poland Russia Austria Czech ... Source: Applied Algebra Group at Linz...

64

E-Print Network 3.0 - austria 25th june-7th Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Turkey Czech Republic Romania Romania Riga Latvia Luxembourg Luxembourg... Potsdam Germany Austria Hungary Poland Russia Austria Czech ... Source: Applied Algebra Group at Linz...

65

E-Print Network 3.0 - austria Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Turkey Czech Republic Romania Romania Riga Latvia Luxembourg Luxembourg... Potsdam Germany Austria Hungary Poland Russia Austria Czech ... Source: Applied Algebra Group at Linz...

66

Legislating for smoke-free workplaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1991), Ireland (1995), Kazakhstan (1996), Latvia (1994),1994), Italy (1985), Kazakhstan (1996), Kyrgyzstan (1992),applicable X C139 C148 Kazakhstan Not applicable C148 C155

World Health Organization

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Essays in Open Economy Monetary Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Croatia Jordan Denmark Kazakhstan Dominican Republic EgyptJamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Latvia Lebanon MauritiusEgypt India Jordan Kazakhstan Pakistan Russia Tunisia

Castro, Pedro

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Stories of the Twentieth Century for the Twenty-First  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

while four more (Hungary, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Slovenia)Brazil, Peru, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, Bulgaria,Republic in 2003, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Russia, Slovenia, and

Gourinchas, Pierre-Olivier; Obstfeld, Maurice

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

http://onlinex.mit.edu/bigdata Registrations by Country  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cyprus Kazakstan Portugal Ukraine Czech Republic Kenya Puerto Rico United Arab Emirates Denmark Kuwait Qatar United Kingdom Ecuador Latvia Republic of Korea United States Vietnam #12;http

Jackson, Daniel

70

E-Print Network 3.0 - aivars aboltins aigars Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

District Riga, Latvia Source: Massachusetts at Amherst, University of - Center for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Building Energy Efficiency Program Collection:...

71

Understanding Democratic Congruence: A Demand-Supply Perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ireland Philippines India Croatia France Argentina Luxemb.S. Korea Domin. R. Jordan Croatia Latvia Morocco BrazilSlovenia Uruguay Mexico Croatia Brazil Domin. R. Cyprus

Welzel, Christian; Klingemann, Hans-Dieter

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Use and analysis of new optimization techniques for decision theory and data mining  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Latvia Australia N. Zealand Croatia Cyprus InsI Country 2Belgium Brazil Canada Chile Croatia Cyprus Denmark EstoniaAustria Belgium Canada Croatia Cyprus Denmark Estonia Israel

Moreno Centeno, Erick

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Nordisk kernesikkerhedsforskning Norrnar kjarnryggisrannsknir  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such as reprocessed enriched uranium and weapons grade plutonium provided different challenges and there were. Latvian Environment, Geology and Meteorology Centre, Latvia. jberzins at la

74

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Inaugural Steering Group Meeting...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Poland, Republic of Korea, Romania, Russia, Slovenia and Ukraine and three international organizations as observers in...

75

Democracy and Economic Demands in Russia and Ukraine: Lessons for Democratic Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1994. “Political Values in Russia, Ukraine and Lithuania:Christensen, Paul T. 1999. Russia’s Workers in Transition:Democratisation: Evidence from Russia and Ukraine,” Europe-

Shulga, Mayia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Energy Indicators for Sustainable Development: Guidelines and...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FactsheetsEnglishindicators.pdf Country: Brazil, Cuba, Lithuania, Mexico, Russia, Slovakia, Thailand UN Region: South-Eastern Asia, "Latin America and Caribbean" is...

77

agricultural runoff contaminants: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

P.O Box 173, Kjelsaas, N-0411 Oslo, Norway 3 National Environmental-00251 Helsinki, Finland 8 Lithuania University of Agriculture, Water Management Department, 4324 Kaunas. The...

78

Washington State University INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Botswana 2 41 Lebanon 5 75 United Arab Emirates 1 8 Brazil 6 42 Lithuania 3 76 United Kingdom 9 9 Canada 50

Collins, Gary S.

79

E-Print Network 3.0 - aukalnis algis kadzys Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Information System? 12;Forest Products Marketing - LITHUANIA Dr. ... Source: Louisiana Forest Products Development Center Collection: Renewable Energy 2 JOURNAL OF BACTERIOLOGY,...

80

Cultural Heritage in the Crosshairs: Protecting Cultural Property during Conflict provides case studies of Cultural  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Protection. Dr. Kila, has undertaken cultural rescue missions in Iraq, Macedonia, Egypt and Libya: The Case of Iraq" by B. Isakhan Chapter 12: "A Report on Archaeological Site Stability and Security

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "latvia lithuania macedonia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Trade Liberalization in South East Europe: Review of conformity of 23 FTAs with the MoU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Bosnia Herzegovina) and therefore it includes 23 FTAs. But it will focus mainly on the agreements signed, and for their very useful comments on a first draft. 1 Albania, Bosnia Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Macedonia

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

82

m a x w e l l s c h o o l Deborah alexanDer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Macedonia, and participated in elections oversight in Bosnia-Herzegovina. As the U.S. Embassy's senior programs in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Albania, Nigeria, and Afghanistan. When a 7.6- magnitude earthquake hit

McConnell, Terry

83

United Nations General Assembly First Committee  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and potential candidates, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Serbia, the European Union is on the ground, as military, police or civilian presence, in Bosnia, Aceh, Iraq

Sussex, University of

84

newsletternewsletter EUROPEAN FUSION DEVELOPEMENT AGREEMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Bulgaria and Romania hope to do so in 2007. After earlier expansions from 6 to 15 members, we are now Republic, Hungary, Latvia and Romania. All of the Associations in the new MS and candidate countries

85

Renewable Energy Projections as Published in the National  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the Netherlands, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom. For the following Member States 116 Germany 116 Estonia 116 Ireland 116 Greece 116 Spain 116 France 116 Italy 116 Cyprus 116 Latvia

86

A r c t i c Barents Sea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ri Vychegda R U S S I AC A N A D A U.K.IRE. ICELAND NORWAY SWEDEN FINLAND LATVIA LITH. BELARUS UKRAINE POLAND DENMARK GERMANY EST. KAZ. JAPAN (DENMARK) Greenland (NORWAY) Svalbard (NORWAY) (NORWAY) CHINA UNITED

Martin, Jeff

87

Cross-National Differences in Attitudes towards Homosexuality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

20 th , Slovenia 21 st , Croatia 23 rd , Latvia 27 th ,In 11 countries (Chile, Croatia, Czech Republic, Mexico,Wrong at all Don’t Know Croatia Always Wrong Almost Always

Smith, Tom W.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Nordisk kernesikkerhedsforskning Norrnar kjarnryggisrannsknir  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

), Juka Lehto (5) and Brit Salbu (6) (1) Risø National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, DTU, Denmark (2+3) Uppsala University, Sweden (4) Institute of Physics, Lithuania (5) University of Helsinki, Finland (6

89

Subsidy schemes in EU t i M ti ti dcountries: Motivations and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) - Lithuania FIT Soft loans, exemptions from pollution tax Poland TGC RES exempted from excise tax Romania TGC 2008 Fi l d Sweden United Kingdom National RE Targets Poland Portugal Romania Slovenia Slovak Finland

90

International Credentials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lithuania* 71 Uganda 110 Cuba 33 Malaysia 72 Ukraine 111 Cyprus* 34 Mexico 73 United Arab Emirates 112 Czech Republic* 35 Mongolia 74 United Kingdom* 113 Dem. Republic of Congo 36 Morocco 75 Uruguay 114 Denmark* 37

Reif, John H.

91

IIE Transactions (2007) 39, 314 Copyright C "IIE"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

supports the Second Line of Defense (SLD) program of the US Department of Energy. The smuggling of nuclear Republic, Lithuania, Bulgaria, Kyrgyzstan, Georgia, Greece and France, and in the major- ity of the cases

Morton, David

92

JOURNALDE PHYSIQUE IV Colloque C5, supplCmentau Journal de Physique 11, Volume S,juin 1995  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chemistry,Faculty of Chemistry, Vilnius University,2734 Vilnius, Lithuania Abstract. A new process temperature, the sublimation rate stronglydepends on the precursor'sfree surface inside the source: the vapour

Boyer, Edmond

93

Effects of Local Adaptation of Invasion Success: A Case Study of Rhithropanopeus harrisii  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Europe (including the Adriatic Sea, Baltic Sea, Belgium, Britain, Bulgaria, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Lithuania, Mediterranean Sea, Netherlands, North Sea, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Spain, and the Ukraine), Africa (Tunisia) and Asia....E. Atlantic 1991 Europe Italy Adriatic Sea 1994 Europe Belgium North Sea 1994 Europe England N.E. Atlantic 1996 Europe Lithuania Baltic Sea 2000 Europe France Mediterranean 2000 Europe Finland Baltic Sea 2008 North America United States San Francisco...

Boyle, Terrence Michael

2013-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

94

Progress in Low and Intermediate Level Operational Waste Characterization and Preparation for Disposal at Ignalina NPP  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In Lithuania about 70-80% of all electricity is generated at a single power station, Ignalina NPP, which has two RBMK-1500 type reactors. Units 1 and 2 will be closed by 2005 and 2010, respectively, taking into account the conditions of the long-term substantial financial assistance rendered by the European Union, G-7 countries and other states as well as international institutions. The Government approved the Strategy on Radioactive Waste Management. Objectives of this strategy are to develop the radioactive waste management infrastructure based on modern technologies and provide for the set of practical actions that shall bring management of radioactive waste in Lithuania in compliance with radioactive waste management principles of IAEA and with good practices in force in European Union Member States. SKB-SWECO International-Westinghouse Atom Joint Venture with participation of Lithuanian Energy Institute has prepared a reference design of a near surface repository for short-lived low and intermediate level waste. This reference design is applicable to the needs in Lithuania, considering its hydro-geological, climatic and other environmental conditions and is able to cover the expected needs in Lithuania for at least thirty years ahead. Development of waste acceptance criteria is in practice an iterative process concerning characterization of existing waste, repository development, safety and environmental impact assessment etc. This paper describes the position in Lithuania with regard to the long-term management of low and intermediate level waste in the absence of finalized waste acceptance criteria and a near surface repository.

Poskas, P.; Adomaitis, J. E.; Ragaisis, V.

2003-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

95

NETHERLANDS SWITZERLAND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OCEAN SOUTHERN OCEANSOUTHERN OCEAN SOUTHERN OCEAN SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN ARCTIC OCEANARCTIC OCEAN NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN Determining Factors for Medical Threat Levels MACEDONIA ALBANIA MONTENEGRO GREECE AZERBAIJAN ARCTIC OCEAN NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN SOUTH ATLANTIC OCEAN INDIAN

96

Australia NO REGISTRATION NUMBER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;#12;Australia Austria Belgium Cyprus France Germany Greece Ireland Italy Japan Macedonia Portugal Romania Slovenia Spain Turkey UK USA Australia Austria Belgium Cyprus France Germany Greece Australia 2 2 Austria 1 3 Belgium 1 4 Cyprus 1 5 France 3 6 Germany 1 7 Greece 5 8 Ireland 1 9 Italy 15

97

Indoor exposure from building materials: A field study Dafni A. Missia a,*, E. Demetriou b  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conducted in the frame of BUMA (Prioritization of Building Materials Emissions as indoor pollution sourcesIndoor exposure from building materials: A field study Dafni A. Missia a,*, E. Demetriou b , N. Michael b , E.I. Tolis a , J.G. Bartzis a a University of West Macedonia, Environmental Technology

Short, Daniel

98

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY OF SCOTTISH AND CONTEMPORARY POLICING (6th Edition, July 2013)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. AITCHISON, A. & BLAUSTEIN, J. (2011) Is Everything Really OK? Democratizing the Police in Bosnia. (2008) Governing through crime in an international context: the case of Bosnia and Herzegovina. European activities during armed conflict: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo and Macedonia. European Society

Painter, Kevin

99

American Journal of Primatology 11:163-179 (1986) Individuality in a Contact Call of the Ringtailed Lemur  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

temporal- and frequency-depen- dent variables. Vocalizations were tape recorded at the Duke University precise and reliable. One such vocalization is the "cohesion call" ("cohesion miaouw" of Petter & Charles, Inc. #12;164 I Macedonia 1966;Petter & Charles-Dominique, 1979;personal observation

Macedonia, Joseph

100

The Role and Use of Water in Agriculture in the Western Balkans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

we assess how the direct effects of climate change on agricultural production will alter water-output, water consumption, Macedonia, agriculture, productivity, fuzzy logic, virtual water, climate change to introduce changes in production technology, to promote a change in agricultural specialization

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "latvia lithuania macedonia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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101

URBAN EXTENTS Copyright 2009. The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York. Center for International Earth Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

URBAN EXTENTS Macedonia GRUMPv1 Copyright 2009. The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York. Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), Columbia University, Columbia University. Available at:http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/gpw/ ´ 0 50 100 Km Lambert Azimuthal

Columbia University

102

SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO Copyright 2009. The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York. Center for International Earth Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GREECE MACEDONIA SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO ITALY GRUMPv1 Copyright 2009. The Trustees of Columbia University: CIESIN, Columbia University. Available at:http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/gpw/ ´ 0 50 100 Km Lambert in the City of New York. Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), Columbia

Columbia University

103

A Report on Surgery 101: The first 100,000 downloads What is Surgery 101?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Republic of 21 Eritrea 3 United Arab Emirates 460 France 123 Latvia 21 Zambia 3 Singapore 432 Turkey 116 Region Downloads % United States 39,870 39 Canada 17,854 18 United Kingdom 12,058 12 Asia 8,255 8 Europe #12;Worldwide download data in detail Country # Country # Country # Country # United States 39

MacMillan, Andrew

104

Job 4459300 Ref.No. Prepd. CHP/GEA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Auditing of Buildings and Inspection of Boilers and Air- conditioning Systems Final report Institutional in large buildings 5 2.2 Article 8, Inspection of boilers 6 2.3 Article 9, Inspection of air-conditioning, responsibility for buildings, boilers and air-con systems in Latvia is divided as illustrated below

105

Energy saving policy and emission decreasing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,9648,2787,4016,6985,9Electricity consumption E (TWh)3 13,8510,858,1085,7814,32GDP (bill. LVL)2 56765GDP grows (% per year)1Energy saving policy and emission decreasing Latvian experienceLatvian experience Dr. A. Davis, M of fuelNr. Table1. Primary energy consumption in Latvia #12;Introduction Table 2. Formation of pollutants

106

Copyright 2009. The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York. Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), Columbia University, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), the World  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LATVIA POLAND RUSSIA UKRAINE GRUMPv1 Copyright 2009. The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York. Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), Columbia University, Columbia University. Available at:http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/gpw/ ´ 0 75 150 Km Lambert Azimuthal

Columbia University

107

Danish Energy Authority Final Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Danish Energy Authority Final Report Implementation of the EU directive on the energy performance of buildings: Development of the Latvian Scheme for energy auditing of buildings and inspection of boilers Final Report Implementation of the EPB directive in Latvia: Development of the Latvian Scheme for energy

108

A review of "Ut Pictura Theatrum: Théâtre et peinture de la Renaissance italienne au classicisme français." by Emmanuelle Hénin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of government of Poland-Lithuania in the sixteenth to eigh- teenth centuries through the perspective of new methodological proposals developed by early modern historians. It is also the first English language book on this period and topic since the fall... truly grateful that we can put away some of the old textbooks and study the history of Poland-Lithuania from several perspectives, not just the Polish one. The book is very well edited and prepared for readers who may be new to the topic. It carries...

Kiki Gounaridou And Jessica Russell

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Empire, Religious Freedom, and the Legal Regulation of "Mixed" Marriages in Russia*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Empire, Religious Freedom, and the Legal Regulation of "Mixed" Marriages in Russia* Paul W. Werth. Petersburg, Russia); LVIA Lietuvos Valstybes Istorijos Archyvas (Vilnius, Lithuania). 1 Highlighting only, Converging Worlds: Religion and Community in Peasant Russia, 1861­1917 (DeKalb, IL, 2003); Valerie Kivelson

Ahmad, Sajjad

110

ISSN 1897-1695 (online), 1733-8387 (print) 2007 GADAM Centre, Institute of Physics, Silesian University of Technology.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

contents (up to 813 pMC), probably indicating releases of the particulate material. Keywords: Ignalina NPP and all other types of biota. In case of the Ignalina NPP, Lithuania, the importance of 14 C is also due inventory in graphite (7.0Ã?1014 Bq in all the irradiated graphite constructions of a reactor) (Maceika et al

111

Effect of drought and fires on the quality of water in Lithuanian rivers Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(3), 423427 (2003) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the surface water. Keywords: heavy metals, river water quality, Lithuania Introduction Increasingly, negative of secondary heavy metal pollution (Crossland and LaPoint, 1992). These processes may make water bodies unsuitable for human consumption and toxic to organisms living in the water. Heavy metals are harmful

Boyer, Edmond

112

Published: November 23, 2010 r 2010 American Chemical Society 5201 dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp106250a |J. Phys. Chem. B 2011, 115, 52015211  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Department, Faculty of Physics of Vilnius University, Sauletekio Ave. 9, build. 3, 10222 Vilnius, Lithuania excitation in solid states can be either a neutral exciton or a pair of electrons (e) and holes (h energy (Eb), defined as the energy difference between the e-h continuum and the lowest bound exciton

Fleming, Graham R.

113

Lars Andersson Renatas Budrys Vilnius 2002  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Project Financed by The Swedish Energy Agency Phase II INTEGRATION OF FOREST FUEL HANDLING INTHE ORDINARY Renatas Budrys Forest Department, Ministry of Environment of the Republic of Lithuania Swedish EnergyLars Andersson Renatas Budrys Vilnius 2002 Forest Department, Ministry of Environment

114

Usage of videomosaic for computed aided analysis of North Sea hard bottom underwater video for baseline study of offshore windmill park  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rzhanov4 1 Coastal Research and Planning Institute, Klaipda University, Lithuania 2 UNI Research, Norway 3 park on the open North Sea coast at Hävsul area in Norway is one of the first in the world to be build on such extreme high-energy coast. To determine possible environmental impact of this project, baseline study

New Hampshire, University of

115

InsideBauer RED Labs: Start Me Up  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Lithuania 38 Bauer Recognized for Exemplary Internal Audit Program 41 RED Labs: Start Me Up 42 A Unique Adrenaline Rush 62 Cover: The Changing Landscape of Higher Education 64 A Whole New Venture 68 Energy Lecture Opens Doors 72 Bauer's Sales Excellence Institute Named Top University Sales Program 73 Our

Azevedo, Ricardo

116

ICTP Public Information Office Page 1 30/05/2013 Country Total visitors Female visitors Person-months*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2 17.46 Ukraine 50 16 41.98 United Arab Emirates 4 0 1.51 United Kingdom 198 33 109.25 United 104 19 61.51 Syrian Arab Republic 1 0 0.26 Thailand 21 6 35.05 The Former Yugoslav Rep. of Macedonia 5 Republic of Tanzania 13 3 6.28 United States of America 453 68 155.60 Uruguay 9 3 3.95 Uzbekistan 10 1 13

117

Mackinac County, Michigan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowell Point,ECO Auger <Industries IncMacedonia,

118

The Cost of Improving Gas Supply Security in the Baltic States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to replace a failed compressor station on a transmission pipeline; 12 most disruptions caused by pipeline failures could be repaired in a week or less. A failure of the Latvian underground storage could potentially disrupt supply to Estonia and Latvia... it is important to note that both types of disruptions have the same practical consequences. For example in the Baltic States, an accidental pipeline explosion or compressor failure would interrupt gas supply to district heating plants, just as a voluntary...

Noel, Pierre; Findlater, Sachi; Chyong, Chi Kong

2012-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

119

Ogmios 32  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) ??Shodikhor Yusufbekov (Tajikistan)“Roshorvi language: Transmission of language skills between generations” ($880) ??Éva Csató (Sweden) “”Teaching resources for the Karaim Summer School in Trakai [Lithuania] in July 2007)”($1000) ??Olga Lovick, Siri Tuttle... city, K.L. hosts spectacular modern buildings, notably the Petronas Twin Towers, and most recently, the‘Eye of Ma- laysia’Ferris wheel. K.L.'s best-preserved colonial build- ings are mostly in Merdeka Square, and its Chinatown is also famous. The Batu...

Ostler, Nicholas D M

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Supplement 17, Part 6, Parasite-Subject Catalogue: Subject Headings And Treatment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and future Acarology review, goals Africa African veterinary handbook Wharton, G. W. (.jr.), 19?? a Mackenzie, P. Z.j and Simpson, R. ?., 196? a, 297 pp. Africa Ixodoidea , cattle Yeoman, G. H., 19?? a gar diffusion. See Immunity, Gel diffusion.... Agar gel. See Immunity, Gel diffusion. Age of host Arnastauskiene, ?. V., 196? a swine coccidiosis, Lithuania Age of host Chu, K.Y.; Massoud, J.; and Schistosoma haematobium, Sabbaghian, ?., 1966 a Bulinus truncatus Age of host cattle, egg count...

Humphrey, Judith M.; Segal, Dorothy B.; Walker, Martha L.; Rayburn, Jane D.; Edwards, Shirley J.

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "latvia lithuania macedonia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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121

Preparation for Early Termination of Ignalina NPP Operation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Seimas (Parliament of Lithuania) approved updated National Energy strategy where it is indicated that first Unit will be shutdown before the year 2005 and second Unit in 2009 if funding for decommissioning is available from EU and other donors. In accordance to Ignalina NPP Unit 1 Closure Law the Government of Lithuania approved the Ignalina NPP Unit 1 Decommissioning Program until year 2005. For enforcement of this program, the plan of measures for implementation of the program was prepared and approved by the Minister of Economy. The plan consists of two parts, namely technical- environmental and social-economic. Technical-environmental measures are mostly oriented to the safe management of spent nuclear fuel and operational radioactive waste stored at the plant and preparation of licensing documents for Unit 1 decommissioning. Social-economic measures are oriented to mitigate negative social and economic impact on Lithuania, inhabitants of the region, and, particularly, o n the staff of Ignalina NPP by means of creating favorable conditions for a balanced social and economic development of the region. In this paper analysis of planned activities, licensing requirements for decommissioning, progress in preparation of the Final Decommissioning Plan is discussed.

Poskas, P.; Poskas, R.

2003-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

122

ICTP Public Information Office Page 1 26/03/2014 Country Total visitors Female visitors Person-months*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.19 Ukraine 55 25 33.24 United Arab Emirates 1 0 0.13 United Kingdom 279 47 125.13 United Republic of Tanzania.50 Kenya 36 12 43.07 Kuwait 3 1 0.66 Kyrgyzstan 1 0 0.46 Lebanon 9 3 4.24 Lesotho 1 0 0.46 Libyan Arab.94 Syrian Arab Republic 6 0 9.63 Thailand 14 6 4.77 the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 8 3 15.88 Togo

123

Mack North, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowell Point,ECO Auger <Industries IncMacedonia, Ohio:

124

Mack South, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowell Point,ECO Auger <Industries IncMacedonia, Ohio:Mack

125

Mackinaw Power LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowell Point,ECO Auger <Industries IncMacedonia,Mackinaw

126

Poland becoming a member of the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership, Vol. 2.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Within a constrained carbon environment, the risks of future natural gas supply, and the need to move to market-based electricity prices, the study team found: (1) the deployment of new nuclear energy in Poland itself is very competitive in the next decade or two; (2) if such generation could be made available to Poland prior to deployment of its own nuclear generation facilities, Poland would benefit from partnering with its Baltic neighbors to import electricity derived from new nuclear generation facilities sited in Lithuania; and (3) Poland appears to be a good candidate for a partnership in the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) as an emerging nuclear energy country.

Koritarov, V. K.; Conzelmann, G.; Cirillo, R. R.; Goldberg, S. M.

2007-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

127

IEA agreement on the production and utilization of hydrogen: 2000 annual report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 2000 annual report of the IEA Hydrogen Agreement contains an overview of the agreement, including its guiding principles, latest strategic plan, and a report from the Chairman, Mr. Neil P. Rossmeissl, U.S. Department of Energy. Overviews of the National Hydrogen Programs of nine member countries are given: Canada, Japan, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States. Task updates are provided on the following annexes: Annex 12 - Metal Hydrides and Carbon for Hydrogen Storage, Annex 13 - Design and Optimization of Integrated Systems, Annex 14 - Photoelectrolytic Production of Hydrogen, and, Annex 15 - Photobiological Production of Hydrogen.

Elam, Carolyn C. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (US)] (ed.)

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Collaborative development of Estonian nuclear master's program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 2009 Estonia approved the National Development Plan for the Energy Sector, including the nuclear energy option. This can be realized by construction of a nuclear power plant (NPP) in Estonia or by participation in neighboring nuclear projects (e.g., Lithuania and/or Finland). Either option requires the availability of competent personnel. It is necessary to prepare specialists with expertise in all aspects related to nuclear infrastructure and to meet workforce needs (e.g. energy enterprises, public agencies, municipalities). Estonia's leading institutions of higher education and research with the support of the European Social Fund have announced in this context a new nuclear master's curriculum to be developed. The language of instruction will be English. (authors)

Tkaczyk, A. H.; Kikas, A.; Realo, E.; Kirm, M.; Kiisk, M.; Isakar, K.; Suursoo, S.; Koch, R.; Feldbach, E.; Lushchik, A.; Reivelt, K. [Inst. of Physics, Univ. of Tartu, Riia 142, Tartu 51014 (Estonia)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Technical Letter Report - Analysis of Ultrasonic Data on Piping Cracks at Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant Before and After Applying a Mechanical Stress Improvement Process, JCN-N6319, Task 2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is assisting the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in developing a position on the management of primary water stress corrosion cracking (PWSCC) in piping systems previously analyzed for leak-before-break (LBB). Part of this work involves determining whether inspections alone are sufficient or if inspections plus mitigation techniques are needed. The work described in this report addresses the reliability of ultrasonic phased-array (PA) examinations for inspection of cracks that have been subjected to the mitigation method of mechanical stress improvement process (MSIP). It is believed that stresses imparted during MSIP may make ultrasonic crack responses in piping welds more difficult to detect and accurately characterize. To explore this issue, data were acquired, both before and after applying MSIP, and analyzed from cracked areas in piping at the Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant (INPP) in Lithuania. This work was performed under NRC Project JCN-N6319, PWSCC in Leak-Before-Break Systems.

Anderson, Michael T.; Cumblidge, Stephen E.; Crawford, Susan L.

2008-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

130

Naturally Occurring Radionuclides of Ash Produced by Coal Combustion. The Case of the Kardia Mine in Northern Greece  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

West Macedonia Lignite Center (WMLC), located in Northwest Greece, releases into the atmosphere about 21,400 tons/year of fly ash through the stacks of four coal fired plants. The lignite ash contains naturally occurring radionuclides, which are deposited on the WMLC basin. This work investigates the natural radioactivity of twenty six ash samples, laboratory produced from combustion of lignite, which was sampled perpendicularly to the benches of the Kardia mine. The concentrations of radionuclides {sup 40}K, {sup 235}U, {sup 238}U, {sup 226}Ra, {sup 228}Ra and {sup 232}Th, were measured spectroscopically and found round one order of magnitude as high as those of lignite. Subsequently the Radionuclide Partitioning Coefficients of radionuclides were calculated and it was found that they are higher for {sup 232}Th, {sup 228}Ra and {sup 40}K, because the latter have closer affinity with the inorganic matrix of lignite. During combustion up to one third of the naturally occurring radioisotopes escape from the solid phase into the flue gases. With comparison to relative global data, the investigated ash has been found to have relatively high radioactivity, but the emissions of the WMLC radionuclides contribute only 0.03% to the mean annual absorbed dose.

Fotakis, M.; Tsikritzis, L.; Tzimkas, N.; Kolovos, N.; Tsikritzi, R. [Technological Educational Institute (TEI) of West Macedonia, Department of Pollution Control Technologies, Koila, Kozani, 50100 (Greece)

2008-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

131

The current state of the Russian reduced enrichment research reactors program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the last year after the 16-th International Conference on Reducing Fuel Enrichment in Research Reactors held in October, 1993 in Oarai, Japan, the conclusive stage of the Program on reducing fuel enrichment (to 20% in U-235) in research reactors was finally made up in Russia. The Program was started late in 70th and the first stage of the Program was completed by 1986 which allowed to reduce fuel enrichment from 80-90% to 36%. The completion of the Program current stage, which is counted for 5-6 years, will exclude the use of the fuel enriched by more than 20% from RF to other countries such as: Poland, Czeck Republick, Hungary, Roumania, Bulgaria, Libya, Viet-Nam, North Korea, Egypt, Latvia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. In 1994 the Program, approved by RF Minatom authorities, has received the status of an inter-branch program since it was admitted by the RF Ministry for Science and Technical Policy. The Head of RF Minatom central administrative division N.I.Ermakov was nominated as the Head of the Russian Program, V.G.Aden, RDIPE Deputy Director, was nominated as the scientific leader. The Program was submitted to the Commission for Scientific, Technical and Economical Cooperation between USA and Russia headed by Vice-President A. Gore and Prime Minister V. Chemomyrdin and was given support also.

Aden, V.G.; Kartashov, E.F.; Lukichev, V.A. [and others

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Global threat reduction initiative Russian nuclear material removal progress  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In December 1999 representatives from the United States, the Russian Federation, and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) started discussing a program to return to Russia Soviet- or Russian-supplied highly enriched uranium (HEU) fuel stored at the Russian-designed research reactors outside Russia. Trilateral discussions among the United States, Russian Federation, and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) have identified more than 20 research reactors in 17 countries that have Soviet- or Russian-supplied HEU fuel. The Global Threat Reduction Initiative's Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program is an important aspect of the U.S. Government's commitment to cooperate with the other nations to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons and weapons-usable proliferation-attractive nuclear materials. To date, 496 kilograms of Russian-origin HEU have been shipped to Russia from Serbia, Latvia, Libya, Uzbekistan, Romania, Bulgaria, Poland, Germany, and the Czech Republic. The pilot spent fuel shipment from Uzbekistan to Russia was completed in April 2006. (author)

Cummins, Kelly [DOE/NNSA (United States); Bolshinsky, Igor [INL/NNSA (United States)

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

133

Global analysis of data on the spin-orbit-coupled A {sup 1{Sigma}}{sub u}{sup +} and b {sup 3{Pi}}{sub u} states of Cs{sub 2}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present experimentally derived potential curves and spin-orbit interaction functions for the strongly perturbed A {sup 1{Sigma}}{sub u}{sup +} and b {sup 3{Pi}}{sub u} states of the cesium dimer. The results are based on data from several sources. Laser-induced fluorescence Fourier transform spectroscopy (LIF FTS) was used some time ago in the Laboratoire Aime Cotton primarily to study the X {sup 1{Sigma}}{sub g}{sup +} state. More recent work at Tsinghua University provides information from moderate resolution spectroscopy on the lowest levels of the b {sup 3{Pi}}{sub 0u}{sup {+-}} state as well as additional high-resolution data. From Innsbruck University, we have precision data obtained with cold Cs{sub 2} molecules. Recent data from Temple University was obtained using the optical-optical double resonance polarization spectroscopy technique, and finally, a group at the University of Latvia has added additional LIF FTS data. In the Hamiltonian matrix, we have used analytic potentials (the expanded Morse oscillator form) with both finite-difference (FD) coupled-channel and discrete variable representation (DVR) calculations of the term values. Fitted diagonal and off-diagonal spin-orbit functions are obtained and compared with ab initio results from Temple and Moscow State universities.

Bai, Jianmei; Ahmed, E. H.; Beser, B.; Guan, Y.; Kotochigova, S.; Lyyra, A. M.; Ashman, S.; Wolfe, C. M.; Huennekens, J.; Xie, Feng; Li, Dan; Li, Li; Tamanis, M.; Ferber, R.; Drozdova, A.; Pazyuk, E.; Stolyarov, A. V.; Danzl, J. G.; Naegerl, H.-C.; Bouloufa, N. [Physics Department, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19122 (United States); Department of Physics, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania 18015 (United States); Department of Physics and Key Lab of Atomic and Molecular Nanoscience, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Laser Center, Department of Physics, University of Latvia, 19 Rains Blvd., Riga LV-1586 (Latvia); Department of Chemistry, Moscow State University, GSP-2 Leninskie gory 1/3, Moscow RU-119992 (Russian Federation); Institut fuer Experimentalphysik und Zentrum fuer Quantenphysik, Universitaet Innsbruck, Technikerstrasse 25, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Laboratoire Aime Cotton, CNRS, Universite Paris-Sud, Bat. 505, F-91405 Orsay Cedex (France); Department of Physics and Astronomy, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800 (United States)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

134

Progress and Status of the Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant's New Solid Waste Management and Storage Facilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A considerable amount of dry radioactive waste from former NPP operation has accumulated up to date and is presently stored at the Ignalina NPP site, Lithuania. Current storage capacities are nearly exhausted and more waste is to come from future decommissioning of the two RMBKtype reactors. Additionally, the existing storage facilities does not comply to the state-of-the-art technology for handling and storage of radioactive waste. In 2005, INPP faced this situation of a need for waste processing and subsequent interim storage of these wastes by contracting NUKEM with the design, construction, installation and commissioning of new waste management and storage facilities. The subject of this paper is to describe the scope and the status of the new solid waste management and storage facilities at the Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant. In summary: The turnkey contract for the design, supply and commission of the SWMSF was awarded in December 2005. The realisation of the project was initially planned within 48 month. The basic design was finished in August 2007 and the Technical Design Documentation and Preliminary Safety Analyses Report was provided to Authorities in October 2007. The construction license is expected in July 2008. The procurement phase was started in August 2007, start of onsite activities is expected in November 2007. The start of operation of the SWMSF is scheduled for end of 2009. (authors)

Rausch, J.; Henderson, R.W. [NUKEM Technologies GmbH, Alzenau (Germany); Penkov, V. [State Enterprise Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant, Visaginas (Lithuania)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Insights Gained from Ultrasonic Testing of Piping Welds Subjected to the Mechanical Stress Improvement Process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is assisting the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in developing a position on the management of primary water stress corrosion cracking (PWSCC) in leak-before-break piping systems. Part of this involves determining whether inspections alone, or inspections plus mitigation, are needed. This work addresses the reliability of ultrasonic testing (UT) of cracks that have been mitigated by the mechanical stress improvement process (MSIP). The MSIP has been approved by the NRC (NUREG-0313) since 1986 and modifies residual stresses remaining after welding with compressive, or neutral, stresses near the inner diameter surface of the pipe. This compressive stress is thought to arrest existing cracks and inhibit new crack formation. To evaluate the effectiveness of the MSIP and the reliability of ultrasonic inspections, flaws were evaluated both before and after MSIP application. An initial investigation was based on data acquired from cracked areas in 325-mm-diameter piping at the Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant (INPP) in Lithuania. In a follow-on exercise, PNNL acquired and evaluated similar UT data from a dissimilar metal weld (DMW) specimen containing implanted thermal fatigue cracks. The DMW specimen is a carbon steel nozzle-to-safe end-to-stainless steel pipe section that simulates a pressurizer surge nozzle. The flaws were implanted in the nozzle-to-safe end Alloy 82/182 butter region. Results are presented on the effects of MSIP on specimen surfaces, and on UT flaw responses.

Anderson, Michael T.; Cinson, Anthony D.; Crawford, Susan L.; Diaz, Aaron A.; Moran, Traci L.

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

The criteria of fracture in the case of the leak of pressure vessels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order to forecast the break of the high pressure vessels and the network of pipes in a nuclear reactor, according to the concept of leak before break of pressure vessels, it is necessary to analyze the conditions of project, production, and mounting quality as well as of exploitation. It is also necessary to evaluate the process of break by the help of the fracture criteria. In the Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant of, in Lithuania, the most important objects of investigation are: the highest pressure pipes, made of Japanese steel 19MN5 and having an anticorrosive austenitic: coal inside, the pipes of distribution, which arc made of 08X1810T steel. The steel of the network of pipes has a quality of plasticity: therefore the only criteria of fragile is impossible to apply to. The process of break would be best described by the universal criteria of elastic - plastic fracture. For this purpose the author offers the criterion of the double parameter.

Habil; Ziliukas, A.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2005, Proceedings of SPIE,  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This volume contains papers presented at the 37th Annual Symposium on Optical Materials for High-Power Lasers that was held at the National Institute of Standards and Technology in Boulder, Colorado, 19-21 September 2005. The symposium was cosponsored by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (USA), and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (USA). Cooperating organizations were the Center for High Technology Materials at the University of New Mexico (USA), Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (Germany), the National Institute of Standards and Technology (USA), QinetiQ (United Kingdom), and the College of Optics and Photonics, CREOL and FPCE, University of Central Florida (USA). The symposium, was attended by 145 scientist and engineers from China, France, Lithuania, Russia, France, Germany, Japan, the Netherlands, Russia, the United States, and the United Kingdom. One-third of the attendees and nearly half of the presentations were from abroad. A mini-symposium on Tuesday afternoon, that addressed damage issues associated with petawatt lasers, highlighted our growing interest in the emerging area. Including the mini-symposium, 87 papers were presented in oral and poster sessions.

Exarhos, Gregory J.; Guenther, Arthur H.; Ristau, Detlev; Lewis, Keith L.; Soileau, M. J.; Stolz, Christopher J.

2005-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

138

IPIRG-2 task 1 - pipe system experiments with circumferential cracks in straight-pipe locations. Final report, September 1991--November 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the results from Task 1 of the Second International Piping Integrity Research Group (IPIRG-2) program. The IPIRG-2 program is an international group program managed by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (US NRC) and funded by a consortium of organizations from 15 nations including: Bulgaria, Canada, Czech Republic, France, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Lithuania, Republic of China, Slovak Republic, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The objective of the program was to build on the results of the IPIRG-1 and other related programs by extending the state-of-the-art in pipe fracture technology through the development of data needed to verify engineering methods for assessing the integrity of nuclear power plant piping systems that contain defects. The IPIRG-2 program included five main tasks: Task 1 - Pipe System Experiments with Flaws in Straight Pipe and Welds Task 2 - Fracture of Flawed Fittings Task 3 - Cyclic and Dynamic Load Effects on Fracture Toughness Task 4 - Resolution of Issues From IPIRG-1 and Related Programs Task 5 - Information Exchange Seminars and Workshops, and Program Management. The scope of this report is to present the results from the experiments and analyses associated with Task 1 (Pipe System Experiments with Flaws in Straight Pipe and Welds). The rationale and objectives of this task are discussed after a brief review of experimental data which existed after the IPIRG-1 program.

Scott, P.; Olson, R.; Marschall, C.; Rudland, D. [and others

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

SILER: Seismic-Initiated events risk mitigation in Lead-cooled Reactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

SILER is a Collaborative Project, partially funded by the European Commission, aimed at studying the risk associated to seismic initiated events in Generation IV Heavy Liquid Metal reactors and developing adequate protection measures. The attention is focused on the evaluation of the effects of earthquakes (with particular regards to beyond design seismic events) and to the identification of mitigation strategies, acting both on structures and components design (as well as on the development of seismic isolation devices) which can also have positive effects on economics, leading to an high level of plant design standardization. Attention is also devoted to the identification of plant layout solutions able to avoid risks of radioactive release from both the core and other structures (i.e. the spent fuel storage pools). Specific effort is paid to the development of guidelines and design recommendations for addressing the seismic issue in next generation reactor systems. In addition, consideration will be devoted to transfer the knowledge developed in the project to Generation III advanced systems, in line with the objective of the SNE-TP SRA to support present and future Light Water Reactors and their further development, for which safety issues are key aspects to be addressed. Note, in this respect, that the benefits of base isolation in terms of response to design seismic actions are already widely recognized for Generation III LWRs, along with the possibility of a significant standardization of structural and equipment design. SILER activities started on October 1 st 2011 and are carried out by 18 partners: ENEA (Italy, Coordinator), AREVA NP SAS (France), SCK-CEN (Belgium), FIP Industriale (Italy), MAURER SOHENE (Germany), EC-JRC (Ispra (Italy)), SINTEC (Italy), KTH (Sweden), BOA-BKT (Germany), IDOM (Spain), ANSALDO (Italy), IPUL (Latvia), NUMERIA (Italy), VCE (Austria), SRS (Italy), CEA (France), EA (Spain), NUVIA (France). (authors)

Forni, M. [ENEA, Via Martin di Monte Sole 4, 40129 Bologna (Italy); De Grandis, S. [SINTEC, Via Santo Stefano 20, 40125 Bologna (Italy)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Comparison of Candidate Sites for installation of Landfill facility at Ignalina NPP Site Using Fuzzy Logic Approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There is only one nuclear power plant in Lithuania - Ignalina NPP (Nuclear Power Plant). Two similar units with installed capacity of 1500 MW (each) were commissioned in 1983 and 1987 respectively. But the first Unit of Ignalina NPP was finally shutdown December 31, 2004, and second Unit is planned to be shutdown before 2010. Operational radioactive waste of different activities is generated at Ignalina NPP. After closure of INPP a waste from decommissioning should be managed also. According to Lithuanian regulatory requirements (1) the waste depending on the activity must be managed in different ways. In compliance with this Regulation very low-level radioactive waste (VLLW) could be disposed of in a Landfill facility. In such case very simple engineered barriers are required. A cap on the top of the repository is necessary from long-term safety point of view. Experience has shown that the effective and safe isolation of waste depends on the performance of the overall disposal system, which is formed by three major components: the site, the disposal facility and the waste form. The basic objective of the siting process is to select a suitable site for disposal and demonstrate that this site has characteristics which provide adequate isolation of radionuclides from the biosphere for desired periods of time. The methodology and results on evaluation and comparison of two candidate sites intended for construction of Landfill facility at Ignalina NPP site are presented in the paper. Criteria for comparison are based on the IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) recommendations (2). Modeling of the radionuclide releases has been performed using ISAM (Improving of Safety Assessment Methodologies for Near Surface Disposal facilities) methodology (3). For generalization of the information and elaboration of the recommendations Fuzzy Logic approach was used (4). (authors)

Poskas, P.; Kilda, R. [Lithuanian Energy Institute, Kaunas (Lithuania); Poskas, G. [Vytautas Magnus University, Kaunas (Lithuania)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

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141

LIDEM unit for the production of methyl tert-butyl ether from butanes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the basic problems in the production of motor fuels is how to obtain high-octane unleaded gasolines that will meet today`s ecological requirements. The term {open_quotes}reformulated gasolines{close_quotes} has come into general use throughout the world to denote fuels with a certain chemical composition. These gasolines consist of preselected components; as shown by worldwide experience, they must include oxygen-containing compounds that are distinguished by high octane numbers and low reactivities. Standards in effect in the United States, Japan, and certain Western European countries require that automotive gasolines must contain at least 2-4% by weight of oxygen-containing compounds (calculated as oxygen). In the last 15 years, in order to meet these requirements, production has been set up in various countries for the manufacture of high-octane oxygen-containing components known as oxygenates. The most common of these is methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE), obtained by etherification of isobutene by methanol. Process technology developed by this last organization was used as the basis for constructing a unit in the Nizhnekamskneftekhim Production Association and at the Mazheikyai Petroleum Refinery in Lithuania. MTBE production has been held back mainly by a shortage of isobutene, which is obtained mainly from butane-butene cuts produced in cat crackers. In order to alleviate this shortage, it has been proposed that MTBE should be obtained from saturated C{sub 4} hydrocarbons that are recovered in processing oilfield associated gas, and also in the refinery from primary distillation units, catalytic reformers, and hydrocrackers. A working design was developed in 1991-1992 by Lengiproneftekhim for a basically new combination unit designed for the processing of saturated C{sub 4} hydrocarbons, which has been termed the LIDEM unit (Leningrad - isomerization - dehydrogenation - MTBE).

Rudin, M.G.; Zadvornov, M.A.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Summary of the contractor information exchange meeting for improving the safety of Soviet-Designed Nuclear Power Plants, February 19, 1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes a meeting held on February 19, 1997, in Washington, D.C. The meeting was held primarily to exchange information among the contractors involved in the U.S. Department of Energy`s efforts to improve the safety of Soviet-designed nuclear power plants. Previous meetings have been held on December 5-6, 1995, and May 22, 1996. The meetings are sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy and coordinated by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The U.S. Department of Energy works with countries to increase the level of safety at 63 Soviet-designed nuclear reactors operating in Armenia, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Lithuania, Russia, Slovakia, and Ukraine. The work is implemented largely by commercial companies and individuals who provide technologies and services to the countries with Soviet-designed nuclear power plants. Attending the meeting were 71 representatives of commercial contractors, the U.S. Department of Energy, the U.S. Department of State, national laboratories, and other federal agencies. The presentations and discussions that occurred during the exchange are summarized in this report. While this report captures the general presentation and discussion points covered at the meeting, it is not a verbatim, inclusive record. To make the report useful, information presented at the meeting has been expanded to clarify issues, respond to attendees` requests, or place discussion points in a broader programmatic context. Appendixes A through F contain the meeting agenda, list of attendees, copies of presentation visuals and handouts, the Strategy Document discussed at the meeting, and a summary of attendees` post-meeting evaluation comments. As with past information exchanges, the participants found this meeting valuable and useful. In response to the participant`s requests, a fourth information exchange will be held later in 1997.

NONE

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

A Tribute to Klaus Ruedenberg  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

“I am indebted to my father for living, but to my teacher for living well" said Alexander the Great, the King of Greek Macedonia, about his teacher, the philosopher Aristotle. This statement echoes the widely held belief of the students, research associates, collaborators and admirers of Klaus Ruedenberg regarding his invaluable contribution towards shaping their scientific lives. This special issue of the Journal of Physical Chemistry presents a tribute to Professor Klaus Ruedenberg, on the occasion of his 90th birthday, for his numerous scientific contributions to the field of quantum chemistry. The many outstanding papers that are part of this issue document his seminal contributions to a broad range of quantum chemistry, including the evaluation of electron repulsion integrals, the free-electron network model for conjugated molecules, the origin of covalent bonding, including the central role of the kinetic energy in the covalent bond, and the intrinsic identification of chemical bonding patterns in molecular systems, orbital localization that has enabled a deep understanding of many chemical phenomena, the multi-configurational self-consistent field method and the concept of the Full Optimized Reaction Space (FORS) to study chemical rearrangements and its application to the study of global potential energy surfaces and conical intersections, the first construction of systematic, eventempered sequences of orbital sets that approach the complete basis set limit, and the novel simultaneous extrapolation of basis set and level of theory to achieve nearly exact molecular energies and vibrational spectra. In addition, as past students and research associates of Klaus Ruedenberg, that is people whose scientific and personal lives have been critically affected by a great teacher, we wish to point out a less well-known aspect of his professional career, that of an educator. Professor Klaus Ruedenberg has a passion for communicating scientific ideas and educating students, whether they were at the undergraduate, graduate or post-graduate levels or whether they were visitors to his laboratory. No matter how much of his time it took, there were never any shortcuts or excuses, but also no pressure on the students. Knowledge was just there waiting to be gained - for free - by just mining a vast repository of mathematical, physical and chemical concepts. It is not hyperbole to stress his contribution in molding the scientific lives and in turn the personal success of so many people who have had the privilege to learn from him.

Xantheas, Sotiris S.; Gordon, Mark S.

2010-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

144

Romania: Brand-New Engineering Solutions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The HEU spent nuclear fuel transport from Romania was a pilot project in the framework of the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program (RRRFR), being the first fully certified spent nuclear fuel shipment by air. The successful implementation of the Romanian shipment also brought various new technology in the program, further used by other participating countries. Until 2009, the RRRFR program repatriated to the Russian Federation HEU spent nuclear fuel of Russian origin from many countries, like Uzbekistan, Czech Republic, Latvia, Hungary, Kazakhstan and Bulgaria. The means of transport used were various; from specialized TK-5 train for the carriage of Russian TUK-19 transport casks, to platform trains for 20 ft freight ISO containers carrying Czech Skoda VPVR/M casks; from river barge on the Danube, to vessel on the Mediterranean Sea and Atlantic Ocean. Initially, in 2005, the transport plan of the HEU spent nuclear fuel from the National Institute for R&D in Nuclear Physics and Nuclear Engineering 'Horia Hulubei' in Magurele, Romania considered a similar scheme, using the specialized TK-5 train transiting Ukraine to the destination point in the Russian Federation, or, as an alternative, using the means and route of the spent nuclear fuel periodically shipped from the Bulgarian nuclear power plant Kosloduy (by barge on the Danube, and by train through Ukraine to the Russian Federation). Due to impossibility to reach an agreement in due time with the transit country, in February 2007 the US, Russian and Romanian project partners decided to adopt the air shipment of the spent nuclear fuel as prime option, eliminating the need for agreements with any transit countries. By this time the spent nuclear fuel inspections were completed, proving the compliance of the burn-up parameters with the international requirements for air shipments of radioactive materials. The short air route avoiding overflying of any other countries except the country of origin and the country of destination also contributed to the decision making in this issue. The efficient project management and cooperation between the three countries (Russia, Romania and USA) made possible, after two and a half years of preparation work, for the first fully certified spent nuclear fuel air shipment to take place on 29th of June 2009, from Romanian airport 'Henri Coanda' to the Russian airport 'Koltsovo' near Yekaterinburg. One day before that, after a record period of 3 weeks of preparation, another HEU cargo was shipped by air from Romanian Institute for Nuclear Research in Pitesti to Russia, containing fresh pellets and therefore making Romania the third HEU-free country in the RRRFR program.

Ken Allen; Lucian Biro; Nicolae Zamfir; Madalina Budu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z