Sample records for latvia liberia lithuania

  1. Geology and hydrocarbon prospects of Latvia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Freimanis, A. (Latvian Dept. of Geology, Riga (Latvia)); Margulis, L.; Brangulis, A.; Kanev, S.; Pomerantseva, R. (Inst. of Marine Geology and Geophysics, Riga (Latvia))

    1993-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Oil prospects in Latvia are associated with the Baltic syneclise. Latvia occupies about one fourth of that large tectonic depression; zones of oil accumulation continue there from adjacent areas: the Telshai rampart (Lithuania) and the Leba nose (Polish offshore). The oil prospects in separate areas are determined by their position regarding the sources of oil generation--the Gdansk-Kura and Liepaya depressions. The most prospective areas are the Liepaya-Saldus zone of highs and the Pape-Barta trough. The Liepaya-Saldus zone was situated so that the hydrocarbon migration path crossed it. It probably is an important oil accumulation zone. The paper describes the geology of Latvia and the one oil field in Latvia.

  2. Challenges for Lithuania: Ignalina NPP Early Closure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Teskeviciene, Birute [Ministry of Economy, Gedimino pr. 38/2, Vilnius, LT-01104 (Lithuania); Harrison, Peter [Central Project Management Agency, S. Konarskio 13, Vilnius, LT-03109 (Lithuania)

    2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    As a condition of accession into the European Union (EU), Lithuania is committed to the closure and decommissioning of Ignalina NPP comprising two RBMK-1500 reactor units (Fig. 1). It was agreed in a special protocol to the Accession Treaty that, in return for adequate EU financial assistance, Unit 1 would be closed before 2005 and Unit 2 by the end of 2009. The first unit was duly shut down on December 31, 2004. Lithuania, which has borders with Russia (Kaliningrad territory), Poland, Latvia and Belarus, spent fifty years as part of the Soviet Union and was deeply integrated into its economy and electrical infrastructure. At the break-up of the USSR, Lithuania inherited electricity generating capacity designed to supply the north-west region including ownership of Ignalina NPP located in the north-east of the country. Ignalina NPP Unit 1 was commissioned in 1983, Unit 2 in 1987; the planned lifespan of each unit was 30 years. Construction of a third unit was started but never completed. Since Lithuania became independent in 1990, Ignalina NPP has typically contributed more than 70% of national power supply. The town of Visaginas (population approx. 30,000) was purpose built to serve the plant and staff were brought in from throughout the USSR. With 3200 direct employees, Ignalina NPP remains by far the largest employer. Although there are pockets of Russian-language speakers in communities throughout Lithuania, Visaginas is the only example on a whole-town scale. Thus closure of Ignalina NPP within the restricted timescale required by the EU Accession Treaty commitment set an exceptional challenge to Lithuania. However, since the preparatory phase of decommissioning started in 2000, notable progress has been made, experience gained and lessons learnt. At present Unit 1 remains partially fueled in a state of care and maintenance. Partly burnt fuel is being transferred from Unit 1 to Unit 2 for further irradiation in order to minimize the commitment of new fuel thereby reducing operating costs and the final quantity of spent fuel. Design and construction of the facilities for spent fuel storage, waste processing and free-release is ongoing. The siting of the Near Surface Repository is now in the final stages of approval and construction of the landfill facility is under tendering. In order to facilitate the approval process and minimize the transport of waste, both disposal facilities will be within the boundary of the NPP site. Approximately 450 staff are employed at the shutdown Unit 1 for the safe maintenance of essential systems. The total staffing level at the plant is currently being reduced by around 200 each year, with a larger release to take place at the closure of Unit 2. It is envisaged that 2000 staff will be required for the dismantling operations. Although Ignalina NPP is still in the early stages of closure and decommissioning, some important lessons have already been learnt: Firstly, the importance considering social and financial issues as well as technical factors in deciding the decommissioning strategy. This should be done before the preparation is started of the FDP. The same broad consideration should also be given to the economic restructuring of the local area. Consultation is necessary with local and national authorities, and other stakeholders up to ensure a common vision. At Ignalina NPP it was considered essential to staff morale and the maintenance of a strong safety culture to guarantee the special social and employment benefits to dismissed staff in law [9]. At the same time, measures were also adopted to encourage certain key personnel to remain at the plant until closure. The case of Lithuania, which at independence had no legislative framework or management infrastructure for radioactive waste, may be exceptional; however, for all decommissioning projects it is necessary to have, from the outset, a clear strategy on waste storage and disposal. Finally, coordination at all levels must be assured, especially with the involvement of the nuclear regulators and other regulatory authorities, t

  3. Liberia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:Landowners and Wind EnergyIndiana:NewJumpLiberia: Energy Resources (Redirected

  4. WHO REPORT ON THE GLOBAL TOBACCO EPIDEMIC, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO World Health Organization

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    not reported Kazakhstan None Kyrgyzstan Latvia LithuaniaItaly Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania LuxembourgItaly Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg

  5. Assessment of Biomass Resources in Liberia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milbrandt, A.

    2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Biomass resources meet about 99.5% of the Liberian population?s energy needs so they are vital to basic welfare and economic activity. Already, traditional biomass products like firewood and charcoal are the primary energy source used for domestic cooking and heating. However, other more efficient biomass technologies are available that could open opportunities for agriculture and rural development, and provide other socio-economic and environmental benefits.The main objective of this study is to estimate the biomass resources currently and potentially available in the country and evaluate their contribution for power generation and the production of transportation fuels. It intends to inform policy makers and industry developers of the biomass resource availability in Liberia, identify areas with high potential, and serve as a base for further, more detailed site-specific assessments.

  6. Women and post-conflict development : a case study on Liberia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massaquoi, William N

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Liberia seems an ostensible 'poster child' in light of the call by women's rights advocates to insert women in all aspects of the political, social, and economic transition in post-conflict countries. Liberia has elected ...

  7. Essays on International Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cravino, Javier Pablo

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Italy Japan Kenya Korea Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania MalawiItaly Japan Kenya Korea Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania Malawi

  8. WHO REPORT ON THE GLOBAL TOBACCO EPIDEMIC, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO World Health Organization

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania,I Data not reported Kazakhstan None Kyrgyzstan LatviaIreland Israel Italy Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania

  9. WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2011: Warning about the dangers of tobacco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ireland Israel Italy — V Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan LatviaIreland Israel Italy Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia LithuaniaIreland Israel Italy Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania

  10. WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2011: Warning about the dangers of tobacco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan*, Latvia, Lebanon*,Italy — V Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania LuxembourgItaly Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg

  11. Latvia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano,Lakefront Tow Tank JumpLatvia: Energy Resources Jump to:

  12. Liberia-NREL Biomass Resource Assessment | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano,Lakefront Tow(Redirected fromLiberia-NREL Biomass

  13. Liberia-US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano,Lakefront Tow(Redirected fromLiberia-NREL BiomassEnergy

  14. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DPRK) Korea (ROK) Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia LebanonDPRK) Korea (ROK) Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia LebanonKorea, South Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia Lebanon Liberia

  15. antaviliai eastern lithuania: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    affiliation were determined. (more) Mekauskait?, Edita 2010-01-01 5 TREE RINGS OF NORWAY SPRUCE (PICEA ABIES (L.) KARSTEN) IN LITHUANIA AS DROUGHT INDICATORS Environmental...

  16. A historical view and proposal analysis of the strategic role of the transportation sector in the economic development of post-war Liberia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwame Corkrum, Ellen

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines the proposals for building and improving the transportation sector in Liberia, primarily the roads while providing immediate social opportunities and employment for many of the poor in Liberia. As ...

  17. Legislating for smoke-free workplaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1992), Latvia (1993), Malta (1988), Norway (1979), Poland (C155 Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Monaco Netherlands NorwayLatvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta c Country Health care

  18. A matter of timing : explaining cross-national variation in the parliamentary oversight of European Union affairs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamerly, Ivy Lyn

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hun- gary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, andHungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia andthe A10 accession class, Malta established its EAC 9 years

  19. Legislating for smoke-free workplaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1985), Kazakhstan (1996), Kyrgyzstan (1992), Latvia (1993),Not applicable C148 C155 Kyrgyzstan Latvia X Not applicableBan Ban Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg

  20. Increasing Opportunities for Adolescent Girls: An Evaluation of AGALI's Malawi and Liberia Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Increasing Opportunities for Adolescent Girls: An Evaluation of AGALI's Malawi and Liberia Programs May 1, 2012 Prepared for the AGALI Program of the Public Health@berkeley.edu The author conducted this study as part of the program of professional education

  1. EUDEEP (Smart Grid Project) (Latvia) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOE FacilityDimondale,South, NewDyerTier2Latvia) Jump to: navigation, search

  2. Citizenship Education in Comparative Perspective: Cross-national Variation in the Effects of Family Background on Adolescents' Civic Outcomes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Hyung Ryeol

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway,Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Mexico Netherlands New ZealandKorea), Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Mexico, the Netherlands,

  3. Leviathan in the Tropics? : environment, state capacity, and civil conflict in the developing world

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hendrix, Cullen Stevenson

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pakistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan)Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania,

  4. Advocacy Coalitions in East European Sex Tourism: The Case of Latvia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dean, Laura A.

    2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The widening of the European Union and the emergence of budget airlines have brought with them a host of challenges to new member states like Latvia. A result of the economic polarization and its disproportionate effect ...

  5. Current practice and shortcomings of EIA in Lithuania

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kruopiene, Jolita, E-mail: Jolita.Kruopiene@ktu.l [Kaunas University of Technology, Institute of Environmental Engineering, K. Donelaicio str. 20-412, LT-44239 Kaunas (Lithuania); Zidoniene, Sigita, E-mail: sigitazi@gmail.co [Kaunas University of Technology, Institute of Environmental Engineering, K. Donelaicio str. 20-413, LT-Q1 44239 Kaunas (Lithuania); Dvarioniene, Jolanta, E-mail: Jolanta.dvarioniene@ktu.l [Kaunas University of Technology, Institute of Environmental Engineering, K. Donelaicio str. 20-412, LT-44239 Kaunas (Lithuania)

    2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper provides an overview of EIA system applications and assesses its effectiveness in Lithuania. A combination of archival research and quantitative/qualitative analysis was used to identify the main shortcomings of the EIA process in Lithuania: subjectivity in forecasting environmental effects, insufficient consideration of alternatives, politicisation of the process and incompetence of authorities involved. The research revealed that a thorough knowledge of EIA procedures and legal requirements may be a solution to these problems, especially when the stages related to forecasting the effects and evaluating the results are strictly reserved for recognized experts. The work concludes on the suggestions to involve in EIA process relevant authorities and to increase the competence of EIA practitioners.

  6. TREE RINGS OF NORWAY SPRUCE (PICEA ABIES (L.) KARSTEN) IN LITHUANIA AS DROUGHT INDICATORS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TREE RINGS OF NORWAY SPRUCE (PICEA ABIES (L.) KARSTEN) IN LITHUANIA AS DROUGHT INDICATORS A. Vitas growth of Norway spruce in Lithuania during 20th century has been conducted. Hypothesis of the study century are attributed. Keywords: air temperature, drought, Norway spruce, pointer year, precipitation

  7. Empowering Women: The Role of Economic Development, Political Culture and Institutional Design in the World’s Societies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander, Amy C.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Macedonia, Malawi, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Moldova, Monaco,Korea, Latvia, Lithuania Malta, Mauritius Mexico, MoldovaLithuania, Macedonia, Malta, Mexico, Moldova, Namibia,

  8. Microsoft Word - Final Nuclear Materials Management and Safeguards...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the...

  9. Microsoft PowerPoint - 8_Martyn_NMMSS_2013_Foreign Obligations...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, The...

  10. Microsoft PowerPoint - 10_ROSE_MARTYN_UPDATED_NMMSS_2014_Foreign...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, The...

  11. Microsoft PowerPoint - 6_Mitch Hembree_Monday 5-20 1115 NMMSS...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the...

  12. Microsoft PowerPoint - 2A_Wednesday 5-22 830 NMMSS_2013_Presentation...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the...

  13. Microsoft Word - ARRAAttachment3.rtf

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Korea (Republic of), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Singapore, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden,...

  14. RECENT ADVANCES in HEAT and MASS TRANSFER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kostic, Milivoje M.

    Bashir Suleiman ,UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Dagmar Janacova, CZECH REPUBLIC Jonas Gylys, LITHUANIA Jurij Krope Ali Elghalban, PAKISTAN Andrejs Reinfelds, LATVIA Andris Buikis, LATVIA Asad Salem, UNITED STATES, UNITED STATES Milivoje Kostic, UNITED STATES Mohammadmasoud Azhdari moghaddam, IRAN Nenad Kazic

  15. Physica A 362 (2006) 465470 Fractionally integrated process for transition economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanley, H. Eugene

    Engineering, University of Rijeka, Rijeka, Croatia, Rudjer Boskovic Institute, Zagreb, Croatia b Center Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Croatia, Lithuania, Estonia and Latvia. All

  16. Book Review. The 20th Century Libraries in the Baltic Sea Regions. Transactions of the National Library of Estonia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giullian, Jon C.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article reviews a collection of essays about library collections of national heritage in the countries of the Baltic Sea region (Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and St. Petersburg, Russia).

  17. The European tobacco control report 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Health Interview Survey. Malta, Department of HealthSpiteri, Anne Buttigieg, Malta; Denis Ravera, Monaco; Agimapage 9 Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, the Republic of Moldova,

  18. Environmental Participation and Environmental Motivation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgler, Benno; García-Valiñas, María A.; Macintyre, Alison

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ireland Italy Luxembourg Malta Netherlands North IrelandIreland Italy Luxembourg Malta Netherlands North IrelandLATVIA LITHUANIA LUXEMBOURG MALTA MEXICO MOLDOVA NETHERLANDS

  19. UNECE Timber Committee Market Discussions 8th October 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ukraine Yugoslavia Croatia Hungary Million m3 Source: JP database, UNECE/FAO #12;12 0 2 4 6 8 1990 1992.8 1 1.2 Estonia Latvia Czech Lithuania Croatia Hungary Belarus Poland Slovakia Yugoslavia Slovenia

  20. Fusion Electricity A roadmap to the realisation of fusion energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fusion Electricity A roadmap to the realisation of fusion energy #12;28 European countries signed association EURaToM ­ University of latvia LATVIA lithuanian Energy Institute LITHUANIA Ministry of Education and Research ROMANIA Ministry of Education, science, culture and sport SLOVENIA centro de Investigaciones

  1. newsletternewsletter EUROPEAN FUSION DEVELOPEMENT AGREEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, the Slovak Republic, and Slovenia Association EURATOM/ University of Latvia Institute of Solid State Physics, Riga http://www.cfi.lu.lv/ Poland, it is essential to present fusion research within the general context of energy research and to explain societal

  2. Pneumothorax in Liberia: Complications of Tuberculosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossman, Daniel B; Nasrallah, Erin

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with shortness of breath and cough, and with some degree ofhealth center, with fever, cough, dyspnea, and tachypnea.after several weeks of cough and fever. Chest radiograph (

  3. Liberia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou NewKoreaLaorLeopoldEnergy Information

  4. FSU/Eastern Europe: Russia spearheads small upturn

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper discusses the political and legal scene in Russia, domestic restructuring, exploration, drilling, development by Western companies and by Russian companies, and production. Exploration and development in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Serbia are also discussed.

  5. The Euro as More than a Currency: How Salient is the European Single Currency to Europeans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayes, Laura J.

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    , Spain, France, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Austria, Finland 2003 Non-EMU includes Denmark, United Kingdom, Sweden 2008 EMU includes Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta..., Netherlands, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Greece, Portugal 2008 Non-EMU includes Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Sweden, United Kingdom 2 European...

  6. INFLUENCE OF DROUGHTS TO THE RADIAL GROWTH OF SCOTS PINE (PINUS SYLVESTRIS L.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .vitas@gmf.vdu.lt Lithuanian Energy Institute Laboratory of Renewable Energy, Breslaujos 3, LT-44403 Kaunas, Lithuania; e). Dendroclimatological investigation on pine tree rings in Latvia (Spalte, 1978), Estonia (Läänelaid, 1982), Poland to cold winters. However, it was established that rainfall during summer in Poland induces wide rings

  7. EU contract FISH/2004/011 on Sport Fisheries (or Marine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Azores 41 Spain. 43 Mediterranean RAC (Spain, France, Italy, Greece, Malta, Cyprus, Slovakia, Slovenia) 44 Mediterranean: General 44 Cyprus 46 France (Mediterranean coastline) 47 Greece 47 Italy 50 Malta Germany 154 Greece 156 Ireland 157 Italy 158 Latvia 159 Lithuania 160 Malta 161 Netherlands 163 Poland 163

  8. European Union enlargement A historic opportunity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bilbao Arrese, Jesús Mario

    with Cyprus, Malta, and Turkey 17 Accession Partnerships 18 Pre-accession assistance 20 The Phare Programme 20 Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania, the Slovak Republic, Slovenia, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Poland and Slovenia. Malta, which had `frozen' its application

  9. Lithuania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf KilaueaInformation Other AlternativePark,

  10. Give peace a chance: the origins of territorial autonomy arrangements in multiethnic states 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaykhutdinov, Renat

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    who hold Mexico to be a Latin American country? (19-20). ?Globally the most important torn country? (20), Russia is divided over the question of whether it ?is part of West or the leader of a distinct Slavic-Orthodox civilization? (20). In all... been adopted in Russia in 1996, and reestablished in Estonia in 1993, Latvia in 1991, and Lithuania in 1989 (MINELRES: Minority Electronic Resources). In territorial autonomies, on the other...

  11. Job quality in Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burchell, Brendan J.; Smith, Mark; Fagan, Colette; O’Brien, Catherine

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    flexibility—can also lead to enhanced job quality (Bredgaard and Larsen, 2006; CEC, 2007b), for example, in the form of autonomy and job enlargement. So far, it is only in Finland and Sweden that the Commission finds evidence of such quality workplaces being... .50** — — 1.60** Ireland 0.58** — — — — Italy — 0.73** 0.62** — 0.65** Lithuania — 0.43** — — — Luxembourg — — — — — Latvia — 0.60** 1.38** — 1.50** Netherlands 1.57** 1.83** — 0.38** — Malta — — — — — Poland — — — — — Portugal — — — — — Sweden 1.97** 2...

  12. Cultural Arts: The Gateway to Healing for Urban Youth in Post-Conflict Liberia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heley, Kay E.

    2010-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    to gauge in non-industrialized countries due to the existence of the formal (wage labor) and informal sectors. Some estimates are between 40 and 70 per cent of the urban labor force works in the informal sector (both legal and illegal activities), so... Monrovia and Freetown, Sierra Leone. While there wasn’t electricity, people listened closely to the BBC, VOA, and popular West African stations on their battery-operated radios. Kerosene- powered generator dances featured the latest music from around...

  13. Improving health conditions in conflict-affected Liberia: A community-based approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Achgill, Dustin; Geray, Jacob; El Hachimi, Hafid; Jadhav, Vaibhavi; Mullins, Emily; Reddy, Himani; Sparks, Trey; Valdez-Vivas, Natalia; Walker, Erik; Ali, Nida; Beaugh, Kristina; Caldwell, Megan; Darkhalil, Ahmad; Gray, Cole; Hirase, Takashi; Mahmoud, Noor; Mueller, Brendan; Poland, Bill; Stewart, Chelsea

    2015-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    of State, and the Centers for Disease Control (Department of State and the USAID, 2010, p. 82-84). The GHI focuses its efforts on three objective areas: protecting communities from infectious diseases, saving mothers and children, and creating an AIDS... of poverty by strategic infusions of technical knowledge and capital. However, these assumptions were called into question in 2005 with the signing of the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness, and reinforced by subsequent international agreements signed...

  14. Liberia-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou NewKoreaLaorLeopoldEnergy Information Programme

  15. Deputy Secretary of Energy Meets with President of Latvia | Department of

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011AT&T,Office of Policy,Policy Act ImplementingALEnergy Deputy Secretary of Energy

  16. Deputy Secretary of Energy Meets with President of Latvia | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015 Business42.1Energy | Departmentthe Santaof Energy TheDepartmentEnergy

  17. Minerals yearbook: Mineral industries of Europe and central Eurasia. Volume 3. 1992 international review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Volume III, Minerals Yearbook -- International Review contains the latest available mineral data on more than 175 foreign countries and discusses the importance of minerals to the economies of these nations. Since the 1989 International Review, the volume has been presented as six reports. The report presents the Mineral Industries of Europe and Central Eurasia. The report incorporates location maps, industry structure tables, and an outlook section previously incorporated in the authors' Minerals Perspectives Series quinquennial regional books, which are being discontinued. This section of the Minerals Yearbook reviews the minerals industries of 45 countries: the 12 nations of the European Community (EC); 6 of the 7 nations of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA); Malta; the 11 Eastern European economies in transition (Albania, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro, and Slovenia); and the countries of Central Eurasia (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgystan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan).

  18. Constitutional Environment and Entrepreneurship: An Empirical Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Wei

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    outcomes. Jamaica Korea (S) Kyrgyzstan Lithuania MadagascarIsrael Jamaica Korea (S) Kyrgyzstan Lithuania MadagascarIsrael Jamaica Korea (S) Kyrgyzstan Lithuania Madagascar

  19. Tolerance for Income Inequality and Redistributive Preferences: Cross-nation and Multilevel Perspectives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tay, Thiam Chye

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rep. Latvia Bulgaria Croatia Turkey Poland South AfricaTurkey Estonia China Austria Croatia Philippines UK DenmarkIsrael South Africa Turkey Croatia Bulgaria Latvia France

  20. Possible republics : tracing the 'entanglements' of race and nation in Afro-Latina/o Caribbean thought and activism, 1870-1930

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fusté, José I.; Fusté, José I.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Massaquoi of Liberia and a paper by Samuel Johnson theNigerian historian, Samuel Johnson. The St. Thomasian

  1. Causes and Consequences of Second Language Education: A Global Analysis From 1980 to the Present

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coyne, Gary

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, TurkmenistanKazakhstan Kuwait * Kyrgyzstan * Laos Latvia Lebanon

  2. WHO REPORT ON THE GLOBAL TOBACCO EPIDEMIC, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO World Health Organization

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of), Ireland, Lebanon*, Libya, Malta, Marshall Islands,Lithuania, Madagascar, Malta, Montenegro*, Poland, Portugal,LVL Lithuania LTL Luxembourg EUR Malta EUR Netherlands EUR

  3. Constitutional Environment and Entrepreneurship: An Empirical Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Wei

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    are missing for Belize and Malta, and the dem_age values forLatvia Macedonia Malaysia Malta Mauritius Moldova MontenegroLatvia Macedonia Malaysia Malta Mauritius Moldova Montenegro

  4. Coexistence International Mailstop 086

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraden, Seth

    in the conflict. As a result of Hitler's policies, the majority of Baltic Germans who had been living in Latvia

  5. afrique du sud: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Guine, Guine quatoriale, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Maroc 24 Impact des traitements antirtroviraux sur le risque de transmission sexuelle du...

  6. CI-OFF Ex A (Rev. 0.2, 4/9/13) Exhibit A General Conditions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    East Timor, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Kiribati, Laos, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania,...

  7. World Institute for Nuclear Security Workshop at Y-12 Brings...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Indonesia, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Malaysia, Mexico, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, South Africa, Spain, Taiwan, The Netherlands, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United...

  8. Understanding Democratic Congruence: A Demand-Supply Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welzel, Christian; Klingemann, Hans-Dieter

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ireland Philippines India Croatia France Argentina Luxemb.S. Korea Domin. R. Jordan Croatia Latvia Morocco BrazilSlovenia Uruguay Mexico Croatia Brazil Domin. R. Cyprus

  9. Use and analysis of new optimization techniques for decision theory and data mining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moreno Centeno, Erick

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Latvia Australia N. Zealand Croatia Cyprus InsI Country 2Belgium Brazil Canada Chile Croatia Cyprus Denmark EstoniaAustria Belgium Canada Croatia Cyprus Denmark Estonia Israel

  10. --No Title--

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, North Korea, South Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia Lebanon Lesotho...

  11. Legislating for smoke-free workplaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1991), Ireland (1995), Kazakhstan (1996), Latvia (1994),1994), Italy (1985), Kazakhstan (1996), Kyrgyzstan (1992),applicable X C139 C148 Kazakhstan Not applicable C148 C155

  12. Essays in Open Economy Monetary Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Castro, Pedro

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Croatia Jordan Denmark Kazakhstan Dominican Republic EgyptJamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Latvia Lebanon MauritiusEgypt India Jordan Kazakhstan Pakistan Russia Tunisia

  13. Stories of the Twentieth Century for the Twenty-First

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gourinchas, Pierre-Olivier; Obstfeld, Maurice

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    while four more (Hungary, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Slovenia)Brazil, Peru, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, Bulgaria,Republic in 2003, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Russia, Slovenia, and

  14. Slide23 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    current member states of the UN Commission on Science and Technology for development: Brazil Chile China Democratic Republic of Congo Cuba Finland France Ghana India Latvia...

  15. United States and Latvian Governments Sign Agreement to Allow...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    fuel from Latvia's shutdown research reactors at Salaspils; security enhancement of the reactor site and storage of the nuclear materials at the site; and safe and secure storage...

  16. The power of the family

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alesina, Alberto; Giuliano, Paola

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Republic Latvia Belgium Uruguay Netherlands Australia CanadaAustria Canada Ireland Uruguay Portugal Singapore HungaryMexico Pakistan France Uruguay Ukraine Spain Italy Poland

  17. The power of the family

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alesina, Alberto; Giuliano, Paola

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ireland of korea albania malta egypt greece slovakia canadaestonia sweden slovakia malta australia ireland latvia japanazerbaijan turkey algeria malta algeria singapore italy

  18. Tax Morale and Conditional Cooperation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frey, Bruno S.; Torgler, Benno

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Latvia, Estonia, Slovakia, and Malta. Table 3 Tax Morale andSlovakia, Greece, and Malta. Standard errors are adjustedFrance Iceland Ireland Italy Malta Netherlands North Ireland

  19. David Matarrita-Cascante Curriculum Vitae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on Rural Communities' Quality of Life: A Comparative Study of Liberia and La Fortuna, Costa Rica. Adviser Development: The Case of La Fortuna, Costa Rica. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 18(6):735-756. Gordon, J

  20. David Matarrita-Cascante Curriculum Vitae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Life: A Comparative Study of Liberia and La Fortuna, Costa Rica Central Research of La Fortuna, Costa Rica. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 18(6): 735-756. Gordon, J., Matarrita

  1. Berea College Geographical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baltisberger, Jay H.

    Ghana 2 South Korea 2 Kenya 4 Sri Lanka 1 Bolivia 2 Liberia 1 Taiwan 1 Brazil 1 Malawi 2 Tibet Malawi 0 2 2 Bolivia 0 2 2 Moldova 0 1 1 Botswana 0 1 1 Mon

  2. Washington State University INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    Botswana 2 41 Lebanon 5 75 United Arab Emirates 1 8 Brazil 6 42 Lithuania 3 76 United Kingdom 9 9 Canada 50

  3. Essays on Political Economy of Religion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grigoriadis, Theocharis Nikolaou

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Macedonia Vote percentage Montenegro Germany Year Source:Lithuania Spain-UC Ireland Spain-LC Albania MontenegroSlovakia Montenegro Czech Republic-LC Denmark Liberal

  4. agricultural runoff contaminants: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    P.O Box 173, Kjelsaas, N-0411 Oslo, Norway 3 National Environmental-00251 Helsinki, Finland 8 Lithuania University of Agriculture, Water Management Department, 4324 Kaunas. The...

  5. agricultural storm runoff: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    P.O Box 173, Kjelsaas, N-0411 Oslo, Norway 3 National Environmental-00251 Helsinki, Finland 8 Lithuania University of Agriculture, Water Management Department, 4324 Kaunas. The...

  6. Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Inaugural Steering Group Meeting...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    in Vienna, Austria, with all of GNEP's nineteen members, Australia, Bulgaria, Canada, China, France, Ghana, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Poland,...

  7. Secretary Bodman to Lead Presidential Delegation to Baku, Azerbaijan...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    entire world." The Energy Summit is built around the core nations of Georgia, Ukraine, Poland, Lithuania and Azerbaijan and is focused on promoting a collective energy transit...

  8. ACADEMIC DELEGATION VISITS 2008 -2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    ACADEMIC DELEGATION VISITS GRAPHICS 2008 - 2014 #12;Europe: Macedonia, Estonia, Romania, Bosnia, Germany, Estonia, Romania, Turkey, Belarus Asia: Kazakhstan, Russia, Thailand, Japan, Armenia, China, Brazil North America: Mexico, Canada Total Visits: 30 Europe: Czech Republic, Latvia, Germany, Romania

  9. Cross-National Differences in Attitudes towards Homosexuality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Tom W.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    20 th , Slovenia 21 st , Croatia 23 rd , Latvia 27 th ,In 11 countries (Chile, Croatia, Czech Republic, Mexico,Wrong at all Don’t Know Croatia Always Wrong Almost Always

  10. EuroGOV: Engineering a Multilingual Web Corpus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamps, Jaap

    of web pages crawled from the European Union portal, European Union member state governmental web sites The Netherlands .lu Luxemburg .pt Portugal .lv Latvia .ru Russia .mt Malta .se Sweden .pl Poland .uk United

  11. The European tobacco control report 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in CIS countries such as Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan: in 2005Survey, Kazakhstan. Kyrgyzstan Data for 2001 Definition:Tobacco Use Prevalence in Kyrgyzstan, 2005. Latvia 30.1 Data

  12. A r c t i c Barents Sea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Jeff

    Ri Vychegda R U S S I AC A N A D A U.K.IRE. ICELAND NORWAY SWEDEN FINLAND LATVIA LITH. BELARUS UKRAINE POLAND DENMARK GERMANY EST. KAZ. JAPAN (DENMARK) Greenland (NORWAY) Svalbard (NORWAY) (NORWAY) CHINA UNITED

  13. Enlargement and the International Role of the Euro

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benjamin J. Cohen

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hungary Joined June, No Malta Jan. 1 st , 2008 Joined May,firm euro peg; Latvia and Malta, which converted basket pegsinflation rates. Cyprus and Malta each aim for January 2008.

  14. List of codes Language abbreviation codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Portugal MT Malta GR Greece SE Sweden TR Turkey Country codes for the ERASMUS Institutional Identification codes A Austria IR L Ireland BG Bulgaria LV Latvia B Belgium IS Iceland CY Cyprus MT Malta D Germany L

  15. International Credentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reif, John H.

    Lithuania* 71 Uganda 110 Cuba 33 Malaysia 72 Ukraine 111 Cyprus* 34 Mexico 73 United Arab Emirates 112 Czech Republic* 35 Mongolia 74 United Kingdom* 113 Dem. Republic of Congo 36 Morocco 75 Uruguay 114 Denmark* 37

  16. New Hanyang 2020 Blueprint Brand Power Up Human Power Up Asset Power Up

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Jong-Il

    (1) Indonesia(3) Australia(7) Poland(10) Belarus(3) Brazil(2) Finland(2) Lithuania(1) Serbia(1,177 2012 #12; Patents 544 patent applications, 284 registered patents in 2011 Technology transfer record

  17. Use and analysis of new optimization techniques for decision theory and data mining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moreno Centeno, Erick

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Malaysia Malaysia Dom. Rep. Malta Peru Peru Peru PhilippinesMalaysia BBB Bolivia BB- B1 Malta A Brazil B+ B2 Mexico BBLebanon Lithuania Malaysia Malta Mexico Morocco Netherlands

  18. Montpellier 8 March 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pettenella, Davide

    . Are Italian companies involved in deforestation and trade of illegal logging? 2. Which are the most affected considerations 1. Are Italian companies involved in deforestation and trade of illegal logging? Italy: 6th world protesting at the Ministry for Public Works: Azobe' imported from Liberia through the Oriental Timber Company

  19. BY CLASSES, SEPTEMBER 2011 Graduate Students 56. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aalberts, Daniel P.

    Uganda 4 United Arab Emirates 3 United Kingdom 7 Uzbekistan 2 Venezuela 1 Viet Nam 6 Yemen 1 Zimbabwe 6 Switzerland 2 Syrian Arab Republic 1 Taiwan 3 Tajikistan 1 United Republic of Tanzania 2 Thailand 4 Turkey 3's Democratic Republic 2 Lesotho 1 Liberia 1 Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 1 Madagascar 1 Malawi 1 Malaysia 1 Mauritius

  20. AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina Angola Armenia Bolivia Benin Azerbaijan Senegal Syria Seychelles Taiwan (Republic of China) Sierra Leone Tajikistan Somalia Thailand South Africa Kazakhstan Guinea Korea (North) Guinea-Bissau Korea (South) Kenya Kuwait Lesotho Kyrgyzstan Liberia Lao PDR

  1. Geography and Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , synthe- size, and analyze data at the Soltis Center and on a two-week field trip to La Fortuna, Liberia Fortuna, Are- nal area. The following two weeks will be traveling to Costa Rican cities and towns walk in rainforest Arenal Volcano hike Visit town of La Fortuna Hydroelectric dam tour Visits to La

  2. Instructions on How to Complete the Co-Curricular Global Registry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eustice, Ryan

    Instructions on How to Complete the Co-Curricular Global Registry ­ BLUE Lab - Biogas in Liberia@yahoo.com 7. Select NO. 8. Select YES, and enter BLUELab - Biogas #12;Are you travelling as part of an UM Danish Dutch English 9. Select YES 10. In the space provided, please enter: Engineering: BLUElab - Biogas

  3. Florida Atlantic University Division of Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    research involve activities related to the proliferation of nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons, Cuba, Cyprus, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Libya, N. Korea, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zaire (Democratic Republic of the Congo), Zimbabwe. Yes No Does

  4. University of New Orleans Office of Research and Sponsored Programs Weekly Funding Opportunities July 23, 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, X. Rong

    Labor Affairs: Project to Combat Child Labor in Areas of Liberian Rubber Production Notice seeking applications to support efforts to reduce child labor in rubber growing areas of Liberia. The project will promote improved policies to address child labor in rubber producing areas and enhanced monitoring

  5. Mapping Transmission Risk of Lassa Fever in West Africa: The Importance of Quality Control, Sampling Bias, and Error Weighting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, A. Townsend; Moses, Lina M.; Bausch, Daniel G.

    2014-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    –78. 21. Panning M, Emmerich P, Olschlager S, Bojenko S, Koivogui L, et al. (2010) Laboratory diagnosis of Lassa fever, Liberia. Emerg Infect Dis 16: 1041–1043. 22. Fielding AH, Bell JF (1997) A review of methods for the assessment of prediction errors...

  6. CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duke, J.A.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The contents of this book are: Introduction; Kenya; Korea (Republic of); Lesotho; Liberia; Malagasy; Malawi; Mali; Mauritania; Mexico, Mozambique, Nepal; Nicaragua; Niger; Nigeria; Pakistan; Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Rwanda; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Somalia; Sri Lanka; Sudana; Surinam; Swaziland; Tanzania; Thailand; Togo; Uganda; Uruguay; Venezuela; Zaire; Zambia; Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields; Appendix II, Phytomass Files; and References.

  7. Progress in Low and Intermediate Level Operational Waste Characterization and Preparation for Disposal at Ignalina NPP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poskas, P.; Adomaitis, J. E.; Ragaisis, V.

    2003-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

    In Lithuania about 70-80% of all electricity is generated at a single power station, Ignalina NPP, which has two RBMK-1500 type reactors. Units 1 and 2 will be closed by 2005 and 2010, respectively, taking into account the conditions of the long-term substantial financial assistance rendered by the European Union, G-7 countries and other states as well as international institutions. The Government approved the Strategy on Radioactive Waste Management. Objectives of this strategy are to develop the radioactive waste management infrastructure based on modern technologies and provide for the set of practical actions that shall bring management of radioactive waste in Lithuania in compliance with radioactive waste management principles of IAEA and with good practices in force in European Union Member States. SKB-SWECO International-Westinghouse Atom Joint Venture with participation of Lithuanian Energy Institute has prepared a reference design of a near surface repository for short-lived low and intermediate level waste. This reference design is applicable to the needs in Lithuania, considering its hydro-geological, climatic and other environmental conditions and is able to cover the expected needs in Lithuania for at least thirty years ahead. Development of waste acceptance criteria is in practice an iterative process concerning characterization of existing waste, repository development, safety and environmental impact assessment etc. This paper describes the position in Lithuania with regard to the long-term management of low and intermediate level waste in the absence of finalized waste acceptance criteria and a near surface repository.

  8. Special Publication No. 3, Ticks And Tickborne Diseases, I. Genera And Species of Ticks, Part 1. Genera A-G

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doss, Mildred A.; Farr, Marion M.; Roach, Katharine F.; Anastos, George

    1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    River, Belgian Congo, Euxerus erythropus maestus; Paiata, Liberia, Papio cynocephalus; Kilosa, Tanganyika Territory) Darling, S. T., ( 1912N), 71-73 (Cathartes aura, Lep- todeira albofusca, Mus norvegicus; Panama City) Dinnik, J. ?., Walker, J... americana, Bos taurus; Panama) Faust, E. C., (1929A), 27-44 (dogs; China) da Fonseca, F., (1954c), 93-167 (Myrmecophaga t. tridactyla; Brazil) da Fonseca, F., [1959c], 99-186 (Monodelphys domes- tica; Brazil) da Fonseca, F., (1960?), 89-144 (Dasyprocta...

  9. Pr'esentation du milieu ''Je ne concois pas quel gout vos gens d'Europe ont pour

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sailhac, Pascal

    (Guin'ee, Mali, Mauritanie, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Câ??ote d'Ivoire, Ghana, Burkina Faso). Nous allons'Ouest [KDP97], sur une partie du Libe­ ria, de la Guin'ee, de la Câ??ote d'Ivoire et du Sierra Leone (``Man le Nord du Br'esil, l'Est de la Colombie, le Venezuela oriental, et les trois Guyanes (Guyana

  10. Danish Energy Authority Final Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danish Energy Authority Final Report Implementation of the EU directive on the energy performance of buildings: Development of the Latvian Scheme for energy auditing of buildings and inspection of boilers Final Report Implementation of the EPB directive in Latvia: Development of the Latvian Scheme for energy

  11. Copyright 2009. The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York. Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), Columbia University, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    LATVIA POLAND RUSSIA UKRAINE GRUMPv1 Copyright 2009. The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York. Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), Columbia University, Columbia University. Available at:http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/gpw/ ´ 0 75 150 Km Lambert Azimuthal

  12. A Report on Surgery 101: The first 100,000 downloads What is Surgery 101?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacMillan, Andrew

    Republic of 21 Eritrea 3 United Arab Emirates 460 France 123 Latvia 21 Zambia 3 Singapore 432 Turkey 116 Region Downloads % United States 39,870 39 Canada 17,854 18 United Kingdom 12,058 12 Asia 8,255 8 Europe #12;Worldwide download data in detail Country # Country # Country # Country # United States 39

  13. Epatastudio (http://epatastudio.com/) in cooperation with Vidzeme University of Applied Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siegen, Universität

    Epatastudio (http://epatastudio.com/) in cooperation with Vidzeme University of Applied Sciences offers 2 Erasmus summer placements in Latvia, Valmiera for JOURNALISM, MEDIA OR COMMUNICATION STUDENTS to apply: Send your motivation letter and CV in English to davis.dorss@gmail.com by May 30, 2013. #12;

  14. InsideBauer RED Labs: Start Me Up

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Azevedo, Ricardo

    : Lithuania 38 Bauer Recognized for Exemplary Internal Audit Program 41 RED Labs: Start Me Up 42 A Unique Adrenaline Rush 62 Cover: The Changing Landscape of Higher Education 64 A Whole New Venture 68 Energy Lecture Opens Doors 72 Bauer's Sales Excellence Institute Named Top University Sales Program 73 Our

  15. Modellering af Investeringer i Jesper Felstedt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in a liberalized combined heat and power sector (CHP sector). The thesis shortly presents the economic theory of investments in Lithuania. Keywords: Net present value NPV , investements in the combined heat and power sector meget inter- essant og lærerig på mange andre områder indenfor økonomi og energisektoren end de, som

  16. Glenda Romn Geographic Mapping Technologies, Corp.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    #12;Manejo de Recursos Naturales Mining Tracks Brazil Diamond Mining Africa Oil & Gas Reserves U.S. Wells & Pipelines Mexico Oil & Gas Leases Gulf of Mexico Well Production Canada Petroleum Resources Kuwait Forest Inventory Lithuania Forest Types India Oil Production Russia Offshore Brazil #12;Evaluación

  17. ISSN 1897-1695 (online), 1733-8387 (print) 2007 GADAM Centre, Institute of Physics, Silesian University of Technology.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    contents (up to 813 pMC), probably indicating releases of the particulate material. Keywords: Ignalina NPP and all other types of biota. In case of the Ignalina NPP, Lithuania, the importance of 14 C is also due inventory in graphite (7.0Ã?1014 Bq in all the irradiated graphite constructions of a reactor) (Maceika et al

  18. Dendrochronologia 24 (2007) 137143 SHORT ARTICLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    investigation on historical oak (Quercus robur L.) timbers from the Vilnius Lower Castle excavations. In Lithuania, oak was used only in specific cases during the Middle Ages. Therefore, historical material of wooden cultural heritage in Western Europe. Oak samples make 9.2% of the analysed timbers excavated

  19. The Cost of Improving Gas Supply Security in the Baltic States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noel, Pierre; Findlater, Sachi; Chyong, Chi Kong

    2012-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

    to replace a failed compressor station on a transmission pipeline; 12 most disruptions caused by pipeline failures could be repaired in a week or less. A failure of the Latvian underground storage could potentially disrupt supply to Estonia and Latvia... it is important to note that both types of disruptions have the same practical consequences. For example in the Baltic States, an accidental pipeline explosion or compressor failure would interrupt gas supply to district heating plants, just as a voluntary...

  20. Turmoil doesn`t dampen enthusiasm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper discusses the outlook for the African gas and oil industries. Though Africa remains politically and economically volatile, its vast energy potential is becoming increasingly attractive to foreign oil and gas companies. Separate evaluations are given for Algeria, Egypt, Nigeria, Angola, Libya, Congo, Gabon, Tunisia, Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, and briefly for South Africa, Sudan, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Zaire, Benin, Mozambique, Chad, Namibia, Tanzania, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Morocco, Sao Tome and Principe, Ethiopia, Niger, Madagascar, Rwanda, Mauritania, Seychelles, Uganda, and Liberia.

  1. The importance of annual personal saving to the capital finance and real wealth position of farm operator families

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Deroe Elizabeth Asenath

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . (August 1977) Deroe Elizabeth Asenath Davis, B. A. , University of Liberia (West Africa) Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. John B. Penson, Jr. Nore than 15 years have passed since Boyne completed his often-cited study of changes in the real wealth... in policy and welfare analyses. ACKNQWLEDGNENTS I wish to express my sincere thanks and appr eciation to Dr. John B. Penson, Jr. , whose meticulous research methods and assistance has enhanced my period of study, and to Drs. Peter Rose and J. Bruce...

  2. Energy planning in developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meier, P.M.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This book provides discussion of analytical methods for energy-sector planning in developing countries. The author addresses such topics as energy balances, the Reference Energy System (RES), approaches to demand forecasting, project evaluation (including capital budgeting), techniques for dealing with uncertainty, financial accounting as applied to the typical parastatal electric utility of a developing country, techniques for pricing studies, scenario analysis, and approaches to the evaluation of macroeconomic impacts of energy-sector decisions. Extensive use is made of case-study material, including examples from Haiti, Tunisia, the Sudan, Jordan, Mauritius, Thailand, Sri Lanka, and Liberia.

  3. Liberty County, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:Landowners and Wind EnergyIndiana:NewJumpLiberia: Energy Resources

  4. Liberty County, Georgia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  5. Liberty County, Montana: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  6. Liberty County, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

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  7. Liberty Green Renewables LLC | Open Energy Information

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  8. Liberty Hill, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

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  9. Liberty Power Corp. | Open Energy Information

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  10. Liberty, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

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  11. Liberty, Oklahoma: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  12. Lidgerwood, North Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

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  13. Light Electric Vehcles Company | Open Energy Information

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  14. LightBeam Energy Inc | Open Energy Information

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  15. LightSpin Technologies Inc | Open Energy Information

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  16. Lighthouse Point, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

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  17. Lighthouse Solar Honolulu Hawaii | Open Energy Information

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  18. Liberty Power Corp. (District of Columbia) | Open Energy Information

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  19. Liberty Turbine Test Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

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  20. Liberty, Indiana: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  1. Libya: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

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  2. Licking County, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

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  3. Balancing Operation for the Optimization of Hydronic Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Couillaud, N.; Riederer, P.; Jandon, M.; Diab, Y.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of these simulations are the evaluation of: • the application costs of balancing method, • energy consumptions of the heating system (pump & boiler), • thermal comfort in building zones, • The global costs of the heating system. ANALYSIS OF RESULTS..., Paris, 14/15 October 2004. [5] Couillaud N. #2, Bernadou E., Georges B., Riederer P., A virtual bench to test the performance and balancing of hydronic networks, 6th International Conference, Energy for Buildings, Vilnius, Lithuania, October 2004...

  4. Achievement and Opportunity Gaps in Mathematics Education in Turkey Compared to European Union Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yetkiner, Zeynep 1978-

    2010-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

    in the study. On the other hand, in Bulgaria, Lithuania, Italy, and Sweden more equitable percentages of poor and wealthy students were taught by qualified mathematics teachers. In another TIMSS 2003 secondary analysis by Caceres (2009), which was conducted... at the individual teacher level as opposed to the national level analyses by Akiba et al., there were negligible correlations between the classroom mean SES and teacher quality in Romania and Sweden at the eighth-grade level. Because Turkey did not participate...

  5. Preparation for Early Termination of Ignalina NPP Operation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poskas, P.; Poskas, R.

    2003-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Seimas (Parliament of Lithuania) approved updated National Energy strategy where it is indicated that first Unit will be shutdown before the year 2005 and second Unit in 2009 if funding for decommissioning is available from EU and other donors. In accordance to Ignalina NPP Unit 1 Closure Law the Government of Lithuania approved the Ignalina NPP Unit 1 Decommissioning Program until year 2005. For enforcement of this program, the plan of measures for implementation of the program was prepared and approved by the Minister of Economy. The plan consists of two parts, namely technical- environmental and social-economic. Technical-environmental measures are mostly oriented to the safe management of spent nuclear fuel and operational radioactive waste stored at the plant and preparation of licensing documents for Unit 1 decommissioning. Social-economic measures are oriented to mitigate negative social and economic impact on Lithuania, inhabitants of the region, and, particularly, o n the staff of Ignalina NPP by means of creating favorable conditions for a balanced social and economic development of the region. In this paper analysis of planned activities, licensing requirements for decommissioning, progress in preparation of the Final Decommissioning Plan is discussed.

  6. Laughlin, Nevada: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  7. Laurel Hill | Open Energy Information

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  8. Laurel Mountain | Open Energy Information

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  9. Laurel | Open Energy Information

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  10. Lava Creek Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

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  11. Lavon, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

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  12. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) Feed | Open Energy Information

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  13. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) | Open Energy Information

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  14. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) | Open Energy Information

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  15. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory | Open Energy Information

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  16. Lawrence, Massachusetts: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

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  17. Laxenburg, Austria: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

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  18. Layman Energy Associates | Open Energy Information

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  19. LeTourneau Technologies Inc | Open Energy Information

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  20. Leach Hot Springs Geothermal Project | Open Energy Information

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  1. EUDEEP (Smart Grid Project) (Spain) | Open Energy Information

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  2. EUDEEP (Smart Grid Project) (Turkey) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  3. EUDEEP (Smart Grid Project) (United Kingdom) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  4. EV Network integration (Smart Grid Project) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOE FacilityDimondale,South, NewDyerTier2Latvia) Jump to: navigation,Turkey)EV

  5. EV Solar Products | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOE FacilityDimondale,South, NewDyerTier2Latvia) Jump to: navigation,Turkey)EVEV

  6. EVI Electric Vehicles International | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  7. EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) (Austria) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  8. EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) (France) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  9. EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) (Germany) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOE FacilityDimondale,South, NewDyerTier2Latvia) Jump to:EnergyEnergy

  10. EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) (Greece) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOE FacilityDimondale,South, NewDyerTier2Latvia) Jump to:EnergyEnergyEnergy

  11. EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) (Netherlands) |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOE FacilityDimondale,South, NewDyerTier2Latvia) Jump to:EnergyEnergyEnergyOpen

  12. EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) (Poland) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOE FacilityDimondale,South, NewDyerTier2Latvia) Jump

  13. EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) (Portugal) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOE FacilityDimondale,South, NewDyerTier2Latvia) JumpEnergy Information

  14. EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) (United Kingdom)

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOE FacilityDimondale,South, NewDyerTier2Latvia) JumpEnergy Information| Open

  15. EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOE FacilityDimondale,South, NewDyerTier2Latvia) JumpEnergy Information|

  16. EZKlein Partners | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  17. EZPolicies | Open Energy Information

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  18. Eagar, Arizona: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOE FacilityDimondale,South, NewDyerTier2Latvia) JumpEnergysource History

  19. Eagle Conservation Plan Guidance | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOE FacilityDimondale,South, NewDyerTier2Latvia) JumpEnergysource HistoryPlan

  20. Eagle County - Energy Smart Colorado Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOE FacilityDimondale,South, NewDyerTier2Latvia) JumpEnergysource

  1. Eagle County - Energy Smart Colorado Renewable Energy Rebate Program

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOE FacilityDimondale,South, NewDyerTier2Latvia) JumpEnergysource(Colorado) |

  2. Eagle Mountain, Utah: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOE FacilityDimondale,South, NewDyerTier2Latvia) JumpEnergysource(Colorado)

  3. Eagle Point, Oregon: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOE FacilityDimondale,South, NewDyerTier2Latvia) JumpEnergysource(Colorado)Point,

  4. Eagle, Alaska: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOE FacilityDimondale,South, NewDyerTier2Latvia)

  5. Eagle, Alaska: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOE FacilityDimondale,South, NewDyerTier2Latvia)

  6. Eagle, Colorado: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOE FacilityDimondale,South, NewDyerTier2Latvia)Colorado: Energy Resources Jump

  7. Eagle, Idaho: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOE FacilityDimondale,South, NewDyerTier2Latvia)Colorado: Energy Resources

  8. Eagle, Wisconsin: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOE FacilityDimondale,South, NewDyerTier2Latvia)Colorado: Energy

  9. Eagle-Vail, Colorado: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOE FacilityDimondale,South, NewDyerTier2Latvia)Colorado: EnergyEagle-Vail,

  10. EaglePicher Horizon Batteries LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOE FacilityDimondale,South, NewDyerTier2Latvia)Colorado:

  11. Eagleville, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOE FacilityDimondale,South, NewDyerTier2Latvia)Colorado:Eagleville,

  12. Earl Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOE FacilityDimondale,South, NewDyerTier2Latvia)Colorado:Eagleville,Earl

  13. IEA agreement on the production and utilization of hydrogen: 2000 annual report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elam, Carolyn C. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (US)] (ed.)

    2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The 2000 annual report of the IEA Hydrogen Agreement contains an overview of the agreement, including its guiding principles, latest strategic plan, and a report from the Chairman, Mr. Neil P. Rossmeissl, U.S. Department of Energy. Overviews of the National Hydrogen Programs of nine member countries are given: Canada, Japan, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States. Task updates are provided on the following annexes: Annex 12 - Metal Hydrides and Carbon for Hydrogen Storage, Annex 13 - Design and Optimization of Integrated Systems, Annex 14 - Photoelectrolytic Production of Hydrogen, and, Annex 15 - Photobiological Production of Hydrogen.

  14. Poland becoming a member of the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership, Vol. 1.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koritarov, V. K.; Conzelmann, G.; Cirillo, R. R.; Goldberg, S. M.

    2007-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Within a constrained carbon environment, the risks of future natural gas supply, and the need to move to market-based electricity prices, the study team found: (1) the deployment of new nuclear energy in Poland itself is very competitive in the next decade or two; (2) if such generation could be made available to Poland prior to deployment of its own nuclear generation facilities, Poland would benefit from partnering with its Baltic neighbors to import electricity derived from new nuclear generation facilities sited in Lithuania; and (3) Poland appears to be a good candidate for a partnership in the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) as an emerging nuclear energy country.

  15. Poland becoming a member of the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership, Vol. 2.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koritarov, V. K.; Conzelmann, G.; Cirillo, R. R.; Goldberg, S. M.

    2007-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Within a constrained carbon environment, the risks of future natural gas supply, and the need to move to market-based electricity prices, the study team found: (1) the deployment of new nuclear energy in Poland itself is very competitive in the next decade or two; (2) if such generation could be made available to Poland prior to deployment of its own nuclear generation facilities, Poland would benefit from partnering with its Baltic neighbors to import electricity derived from new nuclear generation facilities sited in Lithuania; and (3) Poland appears to be a good candidate for a partnership in the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) as an emerging nuclear energy country.

  16. Interview of Jeremy Sanders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanders, Jeremy

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Jeremy Sanders interviewed by Alan Macfarlane 22nd September 2009 0:05:07 Born in London in 1948; my parents were both born in London of immigrant families; my grandparents were either born in London, or in Poland, Lithuania or Ukraine; those... families migrated to London to escape Jewish persecution around the turn of the twentieth century; my paternal grandfather arrived in 1912 but all the others had arrived before then; both of my parents grew up in East London in a Jewish community; they were...

  17. Collaborative development of Estonian nuclear master's program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tkaczyk, A. H.; Kikas, A.; Realo, E.; Kirm, M.; Kiisk, M.; Isakar, K.; Suursoo, S.; Koch, R.; Feldbach, E.; Lushchik, A.; Reivelt, K. [Inst. of Physics, Univ. of Tartu, Riia 142, Tartu 51014 (Estonia)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 2009 Estonia approved the National Development Plan for the Energy Sector, including the nuclear energy option. This can be realized by construction of a nuclear power plant (NPP) in Estonia or by participation in neighboring nuclear projects (e.g., Lithuania and/or Finland). Either option requires the availability of competent personnel. It is necessary to prepare specialists with expertise in all aspects related to nuclear infrastructure and to meet workforce needs (e.g. energy enterprises, public agencies, municipalities). Estonia's leading institutions of higher education and research with the support of the European Social Fund have announced in this context a new nuclear master's curriculum to be developed. The language of instruction will be English. (authors)

  18. Nuclear emergency preparedness in the Nordic and Baltic Sea countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaworska, A

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Radiation emergency preparedness systems must be able to deal with the threats posed to each country and the region as a whole. The threats from nuclear accidents differ in the various countries of the region. The most serious nuclear threats are those with cross-border implications and are generally assumed to be due to the presence of nuclear reactors of various kinds. Some countries in the region, Finland, Germany, Lithuania, the Russian Federation and Sweden, have nuclear power plants, and several countries in the region possess smaller research reactors. Other nuclear threats arise from nuclear powered naval vessels or submarines, and from nuclear powered satellites. Production, transportation, use, and disposal of radioactive materials constitute potential local nuclear hazards. Finally, terrorist use of radioactive material poses a nuclear threat to all countries. (au)

  19. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1980 (NDP-055)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.

    2002-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980. The biomass data and carbon estimates are associated with woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with estimating historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth's land surface and is comprised of countries that are located in tropical Africa (Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Benin, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Guinea-Bissau, Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Burkina Faso (Upper Volta), Zaire, and Zambia). The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{trademark} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

  20. The current state of the Russian reduced enrichment research reactors program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aden, V.G.; Kartashov, E.F.; Lukichev, V.A. [and others

    1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the last year after the 16-th International Conference on Reducing Fuel Enrichment in Research Reactors held in October, 1993 in Oarai, Japan, the conclusive stage of the Program on reducing fuel enrichment (to 20% in U-235) in research reactors was finally made up in Russia. The Program was started late in 70th and the first stage of the Program was completed by 1986 which allowed to reduce fuel enrichment from 80-90% to 36%. The completion of the Program current stage, which is counted for 5-6 years, will exclude the use of the fuel enriched by more than 20% from RF to other countries such as: Poland, Czeck Republick, Hungary, Roumania, Bulgaria, Libya, Viet-Nam, North Korea, Egypt, Latvia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. In 1994 the Program, approved by RF Minatom authorities, has received the status of an inter-branch program since it was admitted by the RF Ministry for Science and Technical Policy. The Head of RF Minatom central administrative division N.I.Ermakov was nominated as the Head of the Russian Program, V.G.Aden, RDIPE Deputy Director, was nominated as the scientific leader. The Program was submitted to the Commission for Scientific, Technical and Economical Cooperation between USA and Russia headed by Vice-President A. Gore and Prime Minister V. Chemomyrdin and was given support also.

  1. Global threat reduction initiative Russian nuclear material removal progress

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cummins, Kelly [DOE/NNSA (United States); Bolshinsky, Igor [INL/NNSA (United States)

    2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In December 1999 representatives from the United States, the Russian Federation, and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) started discussing a program to return to Russia Soviet- or Russian-supplied highly enriched uranium (HEU) fuel stored at the Russian-designed research reactors outside Russia. Trilateral discussions among the United States, Russian Federation, and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) have identified more than 20 research reactors in 17 countries that have Soviet- or Russian-supplied HEU fuel. The Global Threat Reduction Initiative's Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program is an important aspect of the U.S. Government's commitment to cooperate with the other nations to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons and weapons-usable proliferation-attractive nuclear materials. To date, 496 kilograms of Russian-origin HEU have been shipped to Russia from Serbia, Latvia, Libya, Uzbekistan, Romania, Bulgaria, Poland, Germany, and the Czech Republic. The pilot spent fuel shipment from Uzbekistan to Russia was completed in April 2006. (author)

  2. The criteria of fracture in the case of the leak of pressure vessels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Habil; Ziliukas, A.

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to forecast the break of the high pressure vessels and the network of pipes in a nuclear reactor, according to the concept of leak before break of pressure vessels, it is necessary to analyze the conditions of project, production, and mounting quality as well as of exploitation. It is also necessary to evaluate the process of break by the help of the fracture criteria. In the Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant of, in Lithuania, the most important objects of investigation are: the highest pressure pipes, made of Japanese steel 19MN5 and having an anticorrosive austenitic: coal inside, the pipes of distribution, which arc made of 08X1810T steel. The steel of the network of pipes has a quality of plasticity: therefore the only criteria of fragile is impossible to apply to. The process of break would be best described by the universal criteria of elastic - plastic fracture. For this purpose the author offers the criterion of the double parameter.

  3. Progress and Status of the Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant's New Solid Waste Management and Storage Facilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rausch, J.; Henderson, R.W. [NUKEM Technologies GmbH, Alzenau (Germany); Penkov, V. [State Enterprise Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant, Visaginas (Lithuania)

    2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A considerable amount of dry radioactive waste from former NPP operation has accumulated up to date and is presently stored at the Ignalina NPP site, Lithuania. Current storage capacities are nearly exhausted and more waste is to come from future decommissioning of the two RMBKtype reactors. Additionally, the existing storage facilities does not comply to the state-of-the-art technology for handling and storage of radioactive waste. In 2005, INPP faced this situation of a need for waste processing and subsequent interim storage of these wastes by contracting NUKEM with the design, construction, installation and commissioning of new waste management and storage facilities. The subject of this paper is to describe the scope and the status of the new solid waste management and storage facilities at the Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant. In summary: The turnkey contract for the design, supply and commission of the SWMSF was awarded in December 2005. The realisation of the project was initially planned within 48 month. The basic design was finished in August 2007 and the Technical Design Documentation and Preliminary Safety Analyses Report was provided to Authorities in October 2007. The construction license is expected in July 2008. The procurement phase was started in August 2007, start of onsite activities is expected in November 2007. The start of operation of the SWMSF is scheduled for end of 2009. (authors)

  4. IPIRG-2 task 1 - pipe system experiments with circumferential cracks in straight-pipe locations. Final report, September 1991--November 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott, P.; Olson, R.; Marschall, C.; Rudland, D. [and others

    1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents the results from Task 1 of the Second International Piping Integrity Research Group (IPIRG-2) program. The IPIRG-2 program is an international group program managed by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (US NRC) and funded by a consortium of organizations from 15 nations including: Bulgaria, Canada, Czech Republic, France, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Lithuania, Republic of China, Slovak Republic, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The objective of the program was to build on the results of the IPIRG-1 and other related programs by extending the state-of-the-art in pipe fracture technology through the development of data needed to verify engineering methods for assessing the integrity of nuclear power plant piping systems that contain defects. The IPIRG-2 program included five main tasks: Task 1 - Pipe System Experiments with Flaws in Straight Pipe and Welds Task 2 - Fracture of Flawed Fittings Task 3 - Cyclic and Dynamic Load Effects on Fracture Toughness Task 4 - Resolution of Issues From IPIRG-1 and Related Programs Task 5 - Information Exchange Seminars and Workshops, and Program Management. The scope of this report is to present the results from the experiments and analyses associated with Task 1 (Pipe System Experiments with Flaws in Straight Pipe and Welds). The rationale and objectives of this task are discussed after a brief review of experimental data which existed after the IPIRG-1 program.

  5. SILER: Seismic-Initiated events risk mitigation in Lead-cooled Reactors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Forni, M. [ENEA, Via Martin di Monte Sole 4, 40129 Bologna (Italy); De Grandis, S. [SINTEC, Via Santo Stefano 20, 40125 Bologna (Italy)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SILER is a Collaborative Project, partially funded by the European Commission, aimed at studying the risk associated to seismic initiated events in Generation IV Heavy Liquid Metal reactors and developing adequate protection measures. The attention is focused on the evaluation of the effects of earthquakes (with particular regards to beyond design seismic events) and to the identification of mitigation strategies, acting both on structures and components design (as well as on the development of seismic isolation devices) which can also have positive effects on economics, leading to an high level of plant design standardization. Attention is also devoted to the identification of plant layout solutions able to avoid risks of radioactive release from both the core and other structures (i.e. the spent fuel storage pools). Specific effort is paid to the development of guidelines and design recommendations for addressing the seismic issue in next generation reactor systems. In addition, consideration will be devoted to transfer the knowledge developed in the project to Generation III advanced systems, in line with the objective of the SNE-TP SRA to support present and future Light Water Reactors and their further development, for which safety issues are key aspects to be addressed. Note, in this respect, that the benefits of base isolation in terms of response to design seismic actions are already widely recognized for Generation III LWRs, along with the possibility of a significant standardization of structural and equipment design. SILER activities started on October 1 st 2011 and are carried out by 18 partners: ENEA (Italy, Coordinator), AREVA NP SAS (France), SCK-CEN (Belgium), FIP Industriale (Italy), MAURER SOHENE (Germany), EC-JRC (Ispra (Italy)), SINTEC (Italy), KTH (Sweden), BOA-BKT (Germany), IDOM (Spain), ANSALDO (Italy), IPUL (Latvia), NUMERIA (Italy), VCE (Austria), SRS (Italy), CEA (France), EA (Spain), NUVIA (France). (authors)

  6. LIDEM unit for the production of methyl tert-butyl ether from butanes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rudin, M.G.; Zadvornov, M.A.

    1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the basic problems in the production of motor fuels is how to obtain high-octane unleaded gasolines that will meet today`s ecological requirements. The term {open_quotes}reformulated gasolines{close_quotes} has come into general use throughout the world to denote fuels with a certain chemical composition. These gasolines consist of preselected components; as shown by worldwide experience, they must include oxygen-containing compounds that are distinguished by high octane numbers and low reactivities. Standards in effect in the United States, Japan, and certain Western European countries require that automotive gasolines must contain at least 2-4% by weight of oxygen-containing compounds (calculated as oxygen). In the last 15 years, in order to meet these requirements, production has been set up in various countries for the manufacture of high-octane oxygen-containing components known as oxygenates. The most common of these is methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE), obtained by etherification of isobutene by methanol. Process technology developed by this last organization was used as the basis for constructing a unit in the Nizhnekamskneftekhim Production Association and at the Mazheikyai Petroleum Refinery in Lithuania. MTBE production has been held back mainly by a shortage of isobutene, which is obtained mainly from butane-butene cuts produced in cat crackers. In order to alleviate this shortage, it has been proposed that MTBE should be obtained from saturated C{sub 4} hydrocarbons that are recovered in processing oilfield associated gas, and also in the refinery from primary distillation units, catalytic reformers, and hydrocrackers. A working design was developed in 1991-1992 by Lengiproneftekhim for a basically new combination unit designed for the processing of saturated C{sub 4} hydrocarbons, which has been termed the LIDEM unit (Leningrad - isomerization - dehydrogenation - MTBE).

  7. Comparison of Candidate Sites for installation of Landfill facility at Ignalina NPP Site Using Fuzzy Logic Approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poskas, P.; Kilda, R. [Lithuanian Energy Institute, Kaunas (Lithuania); Poskas, G. [Vytautas Magnus University, Kaunas (Lithuania)

    2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There is only one nuclear power plant in Lithuania - Ignalina NPP (Nuclear Power Plant). Two similar units with installed capacity of 1500 MW (each) were commissioned in 1983 and 1987 respectively. But the first Unit of Ignalina NPP was finally shutdown December 31, 2004, and second Unit is planned to be shutdown before 2010. Operational radioactive waste of different activities is generated at Ignalina NPP. After closure of INPP a waste from decommissioning should be managed also. According to Lithuanian regulatory requirements (1) the waste depending on the activity must be managed in different ways. In compliance with this Regulation very low-level radioactive waste (VLLW) could be disposed of in a Landfill facility. In such case very simple engineered barriers are required. A cap on the top of the repository is necessary from long-term safety point of view. Experience has shown that the effective and safe isolation of waste depends on the performance of the overall disposal system, which is formed by three major components: the site, the disposal facility and the waste form. The basic objective of the siting process is to select a suitable site for disposal and demonstrate that this site has characteristics which provide adequate isolation of radionuclides from the biosphere for desired periods of time. The methodology and results on evaluation and comparison of two candidate sites intended for construction of Landfill facility at Ignalina NPP site are presented in the paper. Criteria for comparison are based on the IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) recommendations (2). Modeling of the radionuclide releases has been performed using ISAM (Improving of Safety Assessment Methodologies for Near Surface Disposal facilities) methodology (3). For generalization of the information and elaboration of the recommendations Fuzzy Logic approach was used (4). (authors)

  8. Romania: Brand-New Engineering Solutions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ken Allen; Lucian Biro; Nicolae Zamfir; Madalina Budu

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The HEU spent nuclear fuel transport from Romania was a pilot project in the framework of the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program (RRRFR), being the first fully certified spent nuclear fuel shipment by air. The successful implementation of the Romanian shipment also brought various new technology in the program, further used by other participating countries. Until 2009, the RRRFR program repatriated to the Russian Federation HEU spent nuclear fuel of Russian origin from many countries, like Uzbekistan, Czech Republic, Latvia, Hungary, Kazakhstan and Bulgaria. The means of transport used were various; from specialized TK-5 train for the carriage of Russian TUK-19 transport casks, to platform trains for 20 ft freight ISO containers carrying Czech Skoda VPVR/M casks; from river barge on the Danube, to vessel on the Mediterranean Sea and Atlantic Ocean. Initially, in 2005, the transport plan of the HEU spent nuclear fuel from the National Institute for R&D in Nuclear Physics and Nuclear Engineering 'Horia Hulubei' in Magurele, Romania considered a similar scheme, using the specialized TK-5 train transiting Ukraine to the destination point in the Russian Federation, or, as an alternative, using the means and route of the spent nuclear fuel periodically shipped from the Bulgarian nuclear power plant Kosloduy (by barge on the Danube, and by train through Ukraine to the Russian Federation). Due to impossibility to reach an agreement in due time with the transit country, in February 2007 the US, Russian and Romanian project partners decided to adopt the air shipment of the spent nuclear fuel as prime option, eliminating the need for agreements with any transit countries. By this time the spent nuclear fuel inspections were completed, proving the compliance of the burn-up parameters with the international requirements for air shipments of radioactive materials. The short air route avoiding overflying of any other countries except the country of origin and the country of destination also contributed to the decision making in this issue. The efficient project management and cooperation between the three countries (Russia, Romania and USA) made possible, after two and a half years of preparation work, for the first fully certified spent nuclear fuel air shipment to take place on 29th of June 2009, from Romanian airport 'Henri Coanda' to the Russian airport 'Koltsovo' near Yekaterinburg. One day before that, after a record period of 3 weeks of preparation, another HEU cargo was shipped by air from Romanian Institute for Nuclear Research in Pitesti to Russia, containing fresh pellets and therefore making Romania the third HEU-free country in the RRRFR program.

  9. Resergence of U.S. Nuclear Power

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none

    2006-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the past quarter century, things have not gone well for the nuclear industry. First came the Three Mile Island accident in America in 1979, then the disaster at the Chernobyl plant in Ukraine in 1986. In Japan, Tokyo Electric Power, the world's largest private electricity company, shut its 17 nuclear reactors after it was caught falsifying safety records to hide cracks at some of its plants in 2002. In addition, the attacks on September 11, 2001 were a sharp reminder that the risks of nuclear power generation were not only those inherent in the technology. But lately, prospects have brightened for the nuclear industry. Nuclear power is an important source of electricity in many countries. In 2003, 19 countries depended on nuclear power for at least 20 percent of their electricity generation. As of March 2005, there were 441 nuclear power reactors in operation around the world, and another 25 were under construction. Five new nuclear power plants began operation in 2004 - one each in China, Japan, and Russia and two in Ukraine. In addition, Canada?s Bruce 3 reactor was reconnected to the grid. Five nuclear power plants were permanently shut down in 2004 - one in Lithuania and four in the United Kingdom. Nuclear power is expected to see a revival in the next decade given the availability of uranium and the prospect of emission-free power generation, Also, with conventional energy sources such as oil and gas likely to see severe depletion over the next 30 years, the price of conventional power generation is set to rise significantly, which would put nuclear power generation in focus again. The report provides an overview of the opportunities for nuclear power in the U.S. electric industry and gives a concise look at the challenges faced by nuclear power, the ability of advanced nuclear reactors to address these challenges, and the current state of nuclear power generation. Topics covered in the report include: an overview of U.S. Nuclear Power including its history, the current market environment, and the future of nuclear power in the U.S.; an analysis of the key business factors that are driving renewed interest in nuclear power; an analysis of the barriers that are hindering the implementation of new nuclear power plants; a description of nuclear power technology including existing reactors, as well as 3rd and 4th generation reactor designs; a review of the economics of new nuclear power projects and comparison to other generation alternatives; a discussion of the key government initiatives supporting nuclear power development; profiles of the key reactor manufacturers participating in the U.S. nuclear power market; and, profiles of the leading U.S. utilities participating in the U.S. nuclear power market.