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1

Neutron Repulsion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Earth is connected gravitationally, magnetically and electrically to its heat source - a neutron star that is obscured from view by waste products in the photosphere. Neutron repulsion is like the hot filament in an incandescent light bulb. Excited neutrons are emitted from the solar core and decay into hydrogen that glows in the photosphere like a frosted light bulb. Neutron repulsion was recognized in nuclear rest mass data in 2000 as the overlooked source of energy, the keystone of an arch that locked together these puzzling space-age observations: 1.) Excess 136Xe accompanied primordial helium in the stellar debris that formed the solar system (Fig. 1); 2.) The Sun formed on the supernova core (Fig. 2); 3.) Waste products from the core pass through an iron-rich mantle, selectively carrying lighter elements and lighter isotopes of each element into the photosphere (Figs. 3-4); and 4.) Neutron repulsion powers the Sun and sustains life (Figs. 5-7). Together these findings offer a framework for understanding how: a.) The Sun generates and releases neutrinos, energy and solar-wind hydrogen and helium; b.) An inhabitable planet formed and life evolved around an ordinary-looking star; c.) Continuous climate change - induced by cyclic changes in gravitational interactions of the Sun's energetic core with planets - has favored survival by adaptation.

Oliver K. Manuel

2011-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

2

Ultracold Fermi gas with repulsive interactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents results from experiments of ultracold atomic Fermi gases with repulsive interaction. Itinerant ferromagnetism was studied by simulating the Stoner model with a strongly interacting Fermi gas of ultracold ...

Lee, Ye-Ryoung

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Attraction and Repulsion in Conformal Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use numerical integration to solve the field equations of conformal gravity, assuming a metric that is static and spherically symmetric. Our solution is an extension of that found by Mannheim and Kazanas; it indicates, as expected, that gravitation in this model should be attractive on small scales and repulsive on large ones.

Phillips, Peter R

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Repulsive electromagnetic stresses in the Casimir piston  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This manuscript has been withdrawn, since the authors have detected numerical inaccuracies that invalidate their main results concerning the existence of repulsive Casimir forces within a rectangular piston. Formulas presented in the manuscript keep still valid. The authors deeply apologize for this mistake.

L. García; L. E. González; M. Lomnitz; C. Villarreal

2008-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

5

Dilution and resonance-enhanced repulsion in nonequilibrium fluctuation forces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In equilibrium, forces induced by fluctuations of the electromagnetic field between electrically polarizable objects (microscopic or macroscopic) in vacuum are generically attractive. The force may, however, become repulsive ...

Bimonte, Giuseppe

6

On the Electrodynamics of Cosmic repulsion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Applying the known physics of plasmas, the 40 plus year old "Strong" Magnetic Field (SMF) model has been extended from explaining the nature of the AGN/quasar central engine, the evolution of galaxies, quasars and jets, the origin of large-scale magnetic fields and large-scale structure of galaxies in our Big Bang Universe, to explaining cosmic repulsion and why it overcame the influence of Gravity only about five billion years ago. Well-known facts about Einstein's general relativity equations, together with the SMF model, are used to explain the astronomical observations that forced us to deduce a present acceleration of the expansion of the Universe. Two groups of astronomical observers, one headed by Saul Perlmutter and the other by Robert Kirshner, recently found an amazing transition, from the expected slowing of the expansion of the Universe due to Gravity, to the expansion of the Universe beginning to be accelerated, at about an age of the Universe of nine billion years in our Big Bang Universe. Profound questions that arise are: what is this "dark energy" causing this result, and why has it started to overcome attractive gravity only in the last five billion years of our 14 billion year old Universe.

Howard D. Greyber

2005-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

7

Controlling Nonpolar Colloidal Asphaltene Aggregation by Electrostatic Repulsion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

truncates asphaltene precipitation and colloidal aggregation by enabling uniform electrostatic chargingControlling Nonpolar Colloidal Asphaltene Aggregation by Electrostatic Repulsion Sara M. Hashmi to petroleum oil systems to thermodynamically prevent asphaltene precipitation, amphiphilic dispersants can

Firoozabadi, Abbas

8

Dilution and resonance-enhanced repulsion in nonequilibrium fluctuation forces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In equilibrium, forces induced by fluctuations of the electromagnetic field between electrically polarizable objects (microscopic or macroscopic) in vacuum are generically attractive. The force may, however, become repulsive for microscopic particles coupled to thermal baths with different temperatures. We demonstrate that this nonequilibrium repulsion can be realized also between macroscopic objects, as planar slabs, if they are kept at different temperatures. It is shown that repulsion can be enhanced by (i) tuning of material resonances in the thermal region and by (ii) reducing the dielectric contrast due to ''dilution''. This can lead to stable equilibrium positions. We discuss the realization of these effects for aerogels, yielding repulsion down to submicron distances at realistic porosities.

Bimonte, Giuseppe [Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche, Universita di Napoli Federico II, Complesso Universitario MSA, Via Cintia, I-80126 Napoli (Italy); INFN Sezione di Napoli, I-80126 Napoli (Italy); Emig, Thorsten [Laboratoire de Physique Theorique et Modeles Statistiques, CNRS UMR 8626, Bat. 100, Universite Paris-Sud, F-91405 Orsay cedex (France); Krueger, Matthias; Kardar, Mehran [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Physics, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

9

On the possibility of Casimir repulsion using metamaterials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is well known that the Casimir force between two half-spaces is dictated by their electromagnetic properties. In particular, when one of the half-spaces is mainly metallic or dielectric and the other is mainly magnetic, it is possible to show that the force is repulsive. This has attracted lots of interest towards the study of metamaterials (MMs) in the context of Casimir effect, as their magnetic activity might help bring the idea of Casimir repulsion from the theoretical realm to experimental verification. In this paper we investigate the possibility of repulsion when the MM magnetic permeability is given not by a Drude-Lorentz behavior, but by a model put forward by Pendry et al. [16]. After introducing the model and deriving the necessary formulas, we show that it is impossible to achieve repulsion with such a model and present a qualitative discussion of why this is so.

Da Rosa, Felipe S [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Repulsive and restoring Casimir forces with left-handed materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate repulsive Casimir force between slabs containing left-handed materials with controllable electromagnetic properties. The sign of Casimir force is determined by the electric and magnetic properties of the materials, and it is shown that the formation of the repulsive force is related to the wave impedances of two slabs. The sign change of the Casimir force as a function of the distance is studied. Special emphasis is put on the restoring Casimir force which may be found to exist between perfectly conducting material and metamaterial slabs. This restoring force is a natural power for the system oscillation in vacuum and also can be used for system stabilization.

Yaping Yang; Ran Zeng; Shutian Liu; Hong Chen; Shiyao Zhu

2008-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

11

Physical capabilities of experienced manual material handlers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study was conducted on 442 (403 male, 39 female) experienced manual material handlers from various companies that possess a high amount of manual material handlers in order to determine their physical condition. Although all 442 volunteers...

Wingate, Kyle Alan

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

EFFECT OF A LOCALLY REPULSIVE INTERACTION ON SWAVE SUPERCONDUCTORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EFFECT OF A LOCALLY REPULSIVE INTERACTION ON S­WAVE SUPERCONDUCTORS J.-B. Bru1 and W. de Siqueira­wave superconductors is an- alyzed via a rigorous study of equilibrium and ground states of the strong coupling BCS proof of a superconductor­Mott insulator phase transition implies a rigorous explanation

13

HIGH CHARGE EFFECTS IN SILICON DRIFT DETECTORS WITH LATERAL CONFINEMENT OF ELECTRONS.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new drift detector prototype which provides suppression of the lateral diffusion of electrons has been tested as a function of the signal charge up to high charge levels, when electrostatic repulsion is not negligible. The lateral diffusion of the electron cloud has been measured for injected charges up to 2 {center_dot} 10{sup 5} electrons. The maximum number of electrons for which the suppression of the lateral spread is effective is obtained.

CASTOLDI,A.; REHAK,P.

1995-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

14

Casimir repulsion between Topological Insulators in the diluted regime  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Pairwise Summation Approximation (PSA) of Casimir energy is applied to a system of two dielectrics with magnetoelectric coupling. In particular, the case of Topological Insulators (TI) is studied in detail. Depending on the the optical response of the TI, we obtain a stable equilibrium distance, atraction for all distances, or repulsion for all distances at zero temperature. This equilibrium distance disappears in the high temperature limit. These results are independent on the geometry of the TI, but are only valid in the diluted approximation.

Pablo Rodriguez-Lopez

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

15

The Dark Force: Astrophysical Repulsion from Dark Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dark energy (i.e., a cosmological constant) leads, in the Newtonian approximation, to a repulsive force which grows linearly with distance. We discuss possible astrophysical effects of this "dark" force. For example, the dark force overcomes the gravitational attraction from an object (e.g., dwarf galaxy) of mass $10^7 M_\\odot$ at a distance of $~ 23$ kpc. It seems possible that observable velocities of bound satellites (rotation curves) could be significantly affected, and therefore used to measure the dark energy density.

Ho, Chiu Man

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Weak and Repulsive Casimir Force in Piston Geometries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the Casimir force in piston-like geometries semiclassically. The force on the piston is finite and physical, but to leading semiclassical approximation depends strongly on the shape of the surrounding cavity. Whereas this force is attractive for pistons in a parallelepiped with flat cylinder head, for which the semiclassical approximation by periodic orbits is exact, this approximation to the force on the piston vanishes for a semi-cylindrical head and becomes repulsive for a cylinder of circular cross section with a hemispherical head. In leading semiclassical approximation the sign of the force is related to the generalized Maslov index of short periodic orbits between the piston and its casing.

Martin Schaden; Liviu Mateescu

2007-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

17

Imaging Intramolecular Coulomb Repulsions in Multiply Charged Anions. |  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun withconfinementEtching. |EndecahemeEMSL Intramolecular Coulomb Repulsions

18

antiretroviral experienced hiv: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

virus (HIV) infectionpostpartum Vietnamese women with HIV experienced through their family and community relationships was a painful, daily reminder of their infection...

19

Optical bistability with a repulsive optical force in coupled silicon photonic crystal membranes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate actuation of a silicon photonic crystal membrane with a repulsive optical gradient force. The extent of the static actuation is extracted by examining the optical bistability as a combination of the ...

Hui, Pui-Chuen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Dilution and resonance enhanced repulsion in non-equilibrium fluctuation forces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In equilibrium, forces induced by fluctuations of the electromagnetic field between electrically polarizable objects (microscopic or macroscopic) in vacuum are always attractive. The force may, however, become repulsive for microscopic particles coupled to thermal baths with different temperatures. We demonstrate that this non-equilibrium repulsion can be realized also between macroscopic objects, as planar slabs, if they are kept at different temperatures. It is shown that repulsion can be enhanced by (i) tuning of material resonances in the thermal region, and by (ii) reducing the dielectric contrast due to "dilution". This can lead to stable equilibrium positions. We discuss the realization of these effects for aerogels, yielding repulsion down to sub-micron distances at realistic porosities.

Giuseppe Bimonte; Thorsten Emig; Matthias Kruger; Mehran Kardar

2011-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lateral repulsion experienced" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Dilution and resonance enhanced repulsion in non-equilibrium fluctuation forces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In equilibrium, forces induced by fluctuations of the electromagnetic field between electrically polarizable objects (microscopic or macroscopic) in vacuum are always attractive. The force may, however, become repulsive for microscopic particles coupled to thermal baths with different temperatures. We demonstrate that this non-equilibrium repulsion can be realized also between macroscopic objects, as planar slabs, if they are kept at different temperatures. It is shown that repulsion can be enhanced by (i) tuning of material resonances in the thermal region, and by (ii) reducing the dielectric contrast due to "dilution". This can lead to stable equilibrium positions. We discuss the realization of these effects for aerogels, yielding repulsion down to sub-micron distances at realistic porosities.

Bimonte, Giuseppe; Kruger, Matthias; Kardar, Mehran

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Low-Temperature Ultrafast Mobility in Systems with Long-Range Repulsive Interactions: M. Hupalo,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and that this is one of the best realizations of an outstanding prediction in theoretical physics, i.e., the ``devil's staircase'' (DS) [1]. As predicted 25 years ago in systems with long-range (LR) repulsive interactions

Zaluska-Kotur, Magdalena

23

Lateral position detection and control for friction stir systems  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Friction stir methods are disclosed for processing at least one workpiece using a rotary tool with rotating member for contacting and processing the workpiece. The methods include oscillating the rotary tool laterally with respect to a selected propagation path for the rotating member with respect to the workpiece to define an oscillation path for the rotating member. The methods further include obtaining force signals or parameters related to the force experienced by the rotary tool at least while the rotating member is disposed at the extremes of the oscillation. The force signals or parameters associated with the extremes can then be analyzed to determine a lateral position of the selected path with respect to a target path and a lateral offset value can be determined based on the lateral position. The lateral distance between the selected path and the target path can be decreased based on the lateral offset value.

Fleming, Paul (Boulder, CO); Lammlein, David H. (Houston, TX); Cook, George E. (Brentwood, TN); Wilkes, Don Mitchell (Nashville, TN); Strauss, Alvin M. (Nashville, TN); Delapp, David R. (Ashland City, TN); Hartman, Daniel A. (Fairhope, AL)

2011-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

24

Structural anisotropy and orientation-induced Casimir repulsion in fluids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we theoretically consider the Casimir force between two periodic arrays of nanowires (both in vacuum, and on a substrate separated by a fluid) at separations comparable to the period. Specifically, we compute the dependence of the exact Casimir force between the arrays under both lateral translations and rotations. Although typically the force between such structures is well-characterized by the Proximity Force Approximation (PFA), we find that in the present case the microstructure modulates the force in a way qualitatively inconsistent with PFA. We find instead that effective-medium theory, in which the slabs are treated as homogeneous, anisotropic dielectrics, gives a surprisingly accurate picture of the force, down to separations of half the period. This includes a situation for identical, fluid-separated slabs in which the exact force changes sign with the orientation of the wire arrays, whereas PFA predicts attraction. We discuss the possibility of detecting these effects in experiments, concluding that this effect is strong enough to make detection possible in the near future.

Alexander P. McCauley; F. S. S. Rosa; Alejandro W. Rodriguez; John D. Joannopoulos; D. A. R. Dalvit; Steven G. Johnson

2011-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

25

Transition from a dissipative to a quasi-elastic system of particles with tunable repulsive interactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A two-dimensional system of particles with tunable repulsive interactions is experimentally investigated. Soft ferromagnetic particles are placed on a vibrating rough plate and vertically confined, so that they perform a horizontal Brownian motion in a cell. When immersed in an external vertical magnetic field, the particles become magnetised and thus interact according to a dipolar repulsive law. As the amplitude of the magnetic field is increased, magnetic repulsion raises and the rate of inelastic collisions decreases. Studying the pair correlation function and the particle velocity distributions, we show that the typical properties of such a dissipative out-of-equilibrium granular gas are progressively lost, to approach those expected for a usual gas at thermodynamic equilibrium. For stronger interaction strengths, the system gradually solidifies towards a hexagonal crystal. This new setup could consequently be used as a model experimental system for out-of-equilibrium statistical physics, in which the distance to the quasi-elastic limit can be accurately controlled.

Simon Merminod; Michaël Berhanu; Eric Falcon

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

26

Photon Long-Range Repulsive Interaction in the Jaynes-Cummings Lattice with Rydberg Atoms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose how to realize a strong photon long-range repulsive interaction by controlling the van der Waals repulsive force between Rydberg atoms located in different cavities in extended Jaynes-Cumings-Hubbard lattices. We find that this photon long-range repulsive interaction can generate complex quantum phases, some of which have no analogy in condensed-matter and atomic physics. For example, without photon hopping, a photon devil's staircase induced by the breaking of long-range translation symmetry can emerge. If photon hopping occurs, we predict a photon-floating solid phase, due to the motion of particle- and hole-like defects. More importantly, for a large chemical potential in the resonant case, the photon hopping can detected by measuring the number of polaritons via resonance fluorescence.

Yuanwei Zhang; Jingtao Fan; J. -Q. Liang; Jie Ma; Gang Chen; Suotang Jia; Franco Nori

2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

27

Laterally bendable belt conveyor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An endless, laterally flexible and bendable belt conveyor particularly adapted for coal mining applications in facilitating the transport of the extracted coal up- or downslope and around corners in a continuous manner is disclosed. The conveying means includes a flat rubber belt reinforced along the middle portion thereof along which the major portion of the belt tension is directed so as to cause rotation of the tubular shaped belt when trammed around lateral turns thus preventing excessive belt bulging distortion between adjacent belt supports which would inhibit belt transport. Pretension induced into the fabric reinforced flat rubber belt by conventional belt take-up means supports the load conveyed when the belt conveyor is making lateral turns. The carrying and return portions of the belt are supported and formed into a tubular shape by a plurality of shapers positioned along its length. Each shaper is supported from above by a monorail and includes clusters of idler rollers which support the belt. Additional cluster rollers in each shaper permit the belt supporting roller clusters to rotate in response to the belt's operating tension imposed upon the cluster rollers by induced lateral belt friction forces. The freely rotating roller clusters thus permit the belt to twist on lateral curves without damage to itself while precluding escape of the conveyed material by effectively enclosing it in the tube-shaped, inner belt transport length.

Peterson, William J. (Coraopolis, PA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Quantum dynamics of attractive versus repulsive bosonic Josephson junctions: Bose-Hubbard and full-Hamiltonian results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The quantum dynamics of one-dimensional bosonic Josephson junctions with attractive and repulsive interparticle interactions is studied by using the Bose-Hubbard model and by numerically exact computations of the full many-body Hamiltonian. A symmetry present in the Bose-Hubbard Hamiltonian dictates an equivalence between the evolution in time of the survival probability and the fragmentation of attractive and repulsive Josephson junctions with attractive and repulsive interactions of equal magnitude. The full many-body Hamiltonian does not possess this symmetry and, consequently, the dynamics of the attractive and repulsive junctions are different.

Sakmann, Kaspar; Streltsov, Alexej I.; Alon, Ofir E.; Cederbaum, Lorenz S. [Theoretische Chemie, Physikalisch-Chemisches Institut, Universitaet Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 229, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

29

Repulsive nature of optical potentials for high-energy heavy-ion scattering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The recent works by the present authors predicted that the real part of heavy-ion optical potentials changes its character from attraction to repulsion around the incident energy per nucleon E/A = 200 - 300 MeV on the basis of the complex G-matrix interaction and the double-folding model (DFM) and revealed that the three-body force plays an important role there. In the present paper, we have precisely analyzed the energy dependence of the calculated DFM potentials and its relation to the elastic-scattering angular distributions in detail in the case of the $^{12}$C + $^{12}$C system in the energy range of E/A = 100 - 400 MeV. The tensor force contributes substantially to the energy dependence of the real part of the DFM potentials and plays an important role to lower the attractive-to-repulsive transition energy. The nearside and farside (N/F) decomposition of the elastic-scattering amplitudes clarifies the close relation between the attractive-to-repulsive transition of the potentials and the characteristic evolution of the calculated angular distributions with the increase of the incident energy. Based on the present analysis, we propose experimental measurements of the predicted strong diffraction phenomena of the elastic-scattering angular distribution caused by the N/F interference around the attractive-to-repulsive transition energy together with the reduced diffractions below and above the transition energy.

T. Furumoto; Y. Sakuragi; Y. Yamamoto

2010-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

30

Constructing a Robust Universe with Attraction-Repulsion Coupling and Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The discovery of accelerated cosmic expansion implies that, in addition to the attractive gravity of matter, there exists in our universe some other form of energy (dark energy or cosmological constant) producing a repulsive force. The natural interpretation of dark energy is the vacuum energy. However, the density of vacuum energy expected by the quantum field theory is 120 orders of magnitude larger than what is allowed by cosmological observations, which is called the cosmological constant problem and remains one of the most significant unsolved problems in fundamental physics. Here we show that the huge discrepancy can be resolved by assuming that our universe is an attraction-repulsion coupled system with energy conservation, and that the pre-inflation vacuum is in equilibrium between attraction and repulsion (in flat Minkowski spacetime, not de Sitter or anti de Sitter). The attraction-repulsion coupling picture can also easily explain why both kinds of energy in our universe have similar magnitude today, and avoid singularity problems in general relativity and cosmology.

Ti-Pei Li

2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

31

The Gross-Pitaevskii Soliton: Relating Weakly and Strongly Repulsive Bosonic condensates and the magnetic soliton  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Gross-Pitaevskii Soliton: Relating Weakly and Strongly Repulsive Bosonic condensates and the magnetic soliton Indubala I Satija 1,2 and Radha Balakrishnan3 1 Department of Physics, George Mason soliton of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation (GPE) that describes the Bose-Einstein con- densate (BEC) density

Satija, Indu

32

Time-dependent annealing and deposition on substrates with repulsive interactions J. A. Venables1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, sometimes substantially6,7 . Similarly, Ge/Si(001) hut cluster and metal silicide growth involve repulsive and growth of many nanostructures, e.g. metal nanoclusters, hut clusters and nanowires. The programs been presented of low-temperature STM data on close-packed metal surfaces3-5 , in which repulsive

Venables, John

33

Lateral position detection and control for friction stir systems  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A friction stir system for processing at least a first workpiece includes a spindle actuator coupled to a rotary tool comprising a rotating member for contacting and processing the first workpiece. A detection system is provided for obtaining information related to a lateral alignment of the rotating member. The detection system comprises at least one sensor for measuring a force experienced by the rotary tool or a parameter related to the force experienced by the rotary tool during processing, wherein the sensor provides sensor signals. A signal processing system is coupled to receive and analyze the sensor signals and determine a lateral alignment of the rotating member relative to a selected lateral position, a selected path, or a direction to decrease a lateral distance relative to the selected lateral position or selected path. In one embodiment, the friction stir system can be embodied as a closed loop tracking system, such as a robot-based tracked friction stir welding (FSW) or friction stir processing (FSP) system.

Fleming, Paul (Boulder, CO); Lammlein, David (Houston, TX); Cook, George E. (Brentwood, TN); Wilkes, Don Mitchell (Nashville, TN); Strauss, Alvin M. (Nashville, TN); Delapp, David (Ashland City, TN); Hartman, Daniel A. (Santa Fe, NM)

2010-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

34

Fact #858 February 2, 2015 Retail Gasoline Prices in 2014 Experienced...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

8 February 2, 2015 Retail Gasoline Prices in 2014 Experienced the Largest Decline since 2008 Fact 858 February 2, 2015 Retail Gasoline Prices in 2014 Experienced the Largest...

35

On the Virial Series for a Gas of Particles with Uniformly Repulsive Pairwise Interaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The pressure of a gas of particles with a uniformly repulsive pair interaction in a finite container is shown to satisfy (exactly as a formal object) a "viscous" Hamilton-Jacobi (H-J) equation whose solution in power series is recursively given by the variation of constants formula. We investigate the solution of the H-J and of its Legendre transform equation by the Cauchy-Majorant method and provide a lower bound to the radius of convergence on the virial series of the gas which goes beyond the threshold established by Lagrange's inversion formula. A comparison between the behavior of the Mayer and virial coefficients for different regimes of repulsion intensity is also provided.

David Brydges; Domingos H. U. Marchetti

2014-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

36

Instability of Bose-Einstein condensation on quantum graphs under repulsive perturbations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this Note we investigate Bose-Einstein condensation in interacting quantum many-particle systems on graphs. We extend previous results obtained for particles on an interval and show that even arbitrarily small repulsive two-particle interactions destroy a condensate in the non-interacting Bose gas. Our results also cover singular two-particle interactions, such as the well-known Lieb-Lininger model, in the thermodynamic limit.

Jens Bolte; Joachim Kerner

2014-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

37

Repulsive van der Waals forces due to hydrogen exposure on bilayer Graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the effect of atomic hydrogen exposure to a system of two undoped sheets of graphene grown near a silica surface (the first adsorbed to the surface and the second freestanding near the surface). In the absence of atomic hydrogen the van der Waals force between the sheets is attractive at all separations causing the sheets to come closer together. However, with addition of atomic hydrogen between the sheets the long range van der Waals interaction turns repulsive at a critical concentration. The underlying triple layer structure (SiO2 -Atomic Hydrogen Gas -Air) gives rise to a long range repulsion that at large enough separations dominates over the more rapidly decaying attraction between the two-dimensional undoped graphene sheets (and between the outer graphene sheet and SiO2). This may be an avenue to tune the separation between two graphene sheets with the gas concentration. Doping of the graphene layers increases the attractive part of the interaction and hence reduces the net repulsive interaction.

Mathias Boström; Bo E. Sernelius

2012-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

38

Lateral conduction infrared photodetector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A photodetector for detecting infrared light in a wavelength range of 3-25 .mu.m is disclosed. The photodetector has a mesa structure formed from semiconductor layers which include a type-II superlattice formed of alternating layers of InAs and In.sub.xGa.sub.1-xSb with 0.ltoreq.x.ltoreq.0.5. Impurity doped regions are formed on sidewalls of the mesa structure to provide for a lateral conduction of photo-generated carriers which can provide an increased carrier mobility and a reduced surface recombination. An optional bias electrode can be used in the photodetector to control and vary a cut-off wavelength or a depletion width therein. The photodetector can be formed as a single-color or multi-color device, and can also be used to form a focal plane array which is compatible with conventional read-out integrated circuits.

Kim, Jin K. (Albuquerque, NM); Carroll, Malcolm S. (Albuquerque, NM)

2011-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

39

C H A P T E R From Experienced Utility to Decision Utility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

C H A P T E R 18c0018 From Experienced Utility to Decision Utility Kent C. Berridge and John P. O'Doherty O U T L I N E Introduction 325 Experienced Utility 325 Brain Mechanisms of Sensory Pleasure: Window into Experienced Utility Generators 326 Experienced Utility: Neuroimaging Brain Activations in Humans 327 Relating

Berridge, Kent

40

Vapor-liquid equilibria for copolymer+solvent systems: Effect of intramolecular repulsion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Role of intramolecular interactions in blend miscibility is well documented for polymer+copolymer mixtures. Some copolymer+polymer mixtures are miscible although their corresponding homopolymers are not miscible; for example, over a range of acrylonitrile content, styrene/acrylonitrile copolymers are miscible with poly(methyl methacrylate) but neither polystyrene nor polyacrylonitrile is miscible with poly(methyl methacrylate). Similarly, over a composition range, butadiene/acrylonitrile copolymers are miscible with poly(vinyl chloride) while none of the binary combinations of the homopolymers [polybutadiene, polyacrylonitrile, and poly(vinyl chloride)] are miscible. This behavior has been attributed to ``intramolecular repulsion`` between unlike copolymer segments. We have observed similar behavior in vapor-liquid equilibria (VLE) of copolymer+solvent systems. We find that acrylonitrile/butadiene copolymers have higher affinity for acetonitrile solvent than do polyacrylonitrile or polybutadiene. We attribute this non-intuitive behavior to ``intramolecular repulsion`` between unlike segments of the copolymer. This repulsive interaction is weakened when acetonitrile molecules are in the vicinity of unlike copolymer segments, favoring copolymer+solvent miscibility. We find similar behavior when acetonitrile is replaced by methyl ethyl ketone. To best knowledge, this effect has not been reported previously for VLE. We have obtained VLE data for mixtures containing a solvent and a copolymer as a function of copolymer composition. It appears that, at a given solvent partial pressure, there may be copolymer composition that yields maximum absorption of the solvent. This highly non-ideal VLE phase behavior may be useful for optimum design of a membrane for a separation process.

Gupta, R.B.; Prausnitz, J.M.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lateral repulsion experienced" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Structural ordering and glass forming of soft spherical particles with harmonic repulsions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We carry out dissipative particle dynamics simulations to investigate the dynamic process of phase transformation in the system with harmonic repulsion particles. Just below the melting point, the system undergoes liquid state, face-centered cubic crystallization, body-centered cubic crystallization, and reentrant melting phase transition upon compression, which is in good agreement with the phase diagram constructed previously via thermodynamic integration. However, when the temperature is decreased sufficiently, the system is trapped into an amorphous and frustrated glass state in the region of intermediate density, where the solid phase and crystal structure should be thermodynamically most stable.

Sun, Bin [School of Materials and Chemical Engineering, Zhongyuan University of Technology, Zhengzhou 450007 (China)] [School of Materials and Chemical Engineering, Zhongyuan University of Technology, Zhengzhou 450007 (China); Sun, Zhiwei; Ouyang, Wenze, E-mail: oywz@imech.ac.cn; Xu, Shenghua, E-mail: xush@imech.ac.cn [Key Laboratory of Microgravity (National Microgravity Laboratory), Institute of Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)] [Key Laboratory of Microgravity (National Microgravity Laboratory), Institute of Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)

2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

42

Importance of repulsive interactions for the equation of state and other properties of strongly interacting matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We illustrate the role of repulsive interactions in a hadron-resonance gas at freeze-out and in a gas of quark-gluon bags. Taking into account non-zero size of particles in hadron gas leads to a significant decrease and shift of the net-baryon density maximum. The transition point from baryon to meson dominated matter depends on the difference between baryon and meson radii. We also show that depending on the properties of the quark-gluon bags one may obtain any type of the phase transition from hadron gas to quark-gluon plasma: the first or second order, as well as four types of the crossover.

V. V. Begun

2014-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

43

Particle-Hole Asymmetry and Brightening of Solitons in a Strongly Repulsive Bose-Einstein Condensate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study solitary wave propagation in the condensate of a system of hard-core bosons with nearest-neighbor interactions. For this strongly repulsive system, the evolution equation for the condensate order parameter of the system, obtained using spin-coherent state averages, is different from the usual Gross-Pitaevskii equation (GPE). The system is found to support two kinds of solitons when there is a particle-hole imbalance: a dark soliton that dies out as the velocity approaches the sound velocity and a new type of soliton which brightens and persists all the way up to the sound velocity, transforming into a periodic wave train at supersonic speed. Analogous to the GPE soliton, the energy-momentum dispersion for both solitons is characterized by Lieb II modes.

Balakrishnan, Radha [Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Chennai 600113 (India); Satija, Indubala I. [Department of Physics, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia 22030 (United States); National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States); Clark, Charles W. [National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States)

2009-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

44

Associative and repulsive interactions in polymer-surfactant systems studied by gel permeation chromatography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Polymer-surfactant interactions have been studied by Gel Permeation Chromatography in order to include a dynamic aspect. Associative interactions can be identified and studied with this method. Also quantitative measurements on the amount of surfactant associated with the polymer have been performed. Association between PEO and ethoxylated sulfonates decreases when the number of EO-groups in the surfactant increases. For more than 3 EO-groups the association with PEO disappears. When there are repulsive interactions, like in polymer-surfactant (P{sup {minus}}S{sup {minus}})-systems, the results are difficult to interpret. A (P{sup {minus}}S{sup {minus}})-system is separated in a GPC column due to osmosis and size exclusion. PS-interactions cannot explain the surprising core flood results.

Veggeland, K.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Bipolar outflows as a repulsive gravitational phenomenon -- Azimuthally Symmetric Theory of Gravitation (II)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper is part of a series on the Azimuthally Symmetric Theory of Gravitation (ASTG) which is built on Laplace-Poisson's well known equation. We show herein that the emergent equations from the ASTG, under some critical conditions determined by the spin, do possess repulsive gravitational fields in the polar regions of the gravitating body in question. This places the ASTG on an interesting pedestal to infer the origins of outflows as a repulsive gravitational phenomenon. Outflows are a ubiquitous phenomenon found in star forming systems and their true origin is a question yet to be settled. Given the current thinking on their origin, the direction that the present paper takes is nothing short of an asymptotic break from conventional wisdom; at the very least, it is a complete paradigm shift because gravitation is not at all associated with this process, but rather it is thought to be an all-attractive force that only tries to squash matter together onto a single point. Additionally, we show that the emergent Azimuthally Symmetric Gravitational Field from the ASTG strongly suggests a solution to the supposed Radiation Problem that is thought to be faced by massive stars in their process of formation. That is, at about 8-10Msun radiation from the nascent star is expected to halt the accretion of matter. We show that in-falling material will fall onto the equatorial disk and from there, this material will be channeled onto the forming star via the equatorial plane, thus accretion of mass continues well past the value of about 8-10Msun, albeit via the disk. Along the equatorial plane, the net force (with the radiation force included) on any material there-on right up to the surface of the star is directed toward the forming star, hence accretion of mass by the nascent star is un-hampered.

G. G. Nyambuya

2010-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

46

Lateral electrodeposition of compositionally modulated metal layers  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for making a laterally modulated metallic structure that is compositionally modulated in the lateral direction with respect to a substrate.

Hearne, Sean J

2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

47

Influence of pH condition on colloidal suspension of exfoliated graphene oxide by electrostatic repulsion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A facile chemical process is described to produce graphene oxide utilizing a zwitterions amino acid intermediate from graphite oxide sheets. 11-aminoundecanoic acid molecules were protonated to intercalate molecules into the graphite oxide sheets to achieve ion exchange, and the carboxyl groups were then ionized in a NaOH solution to exfoliate the graphite oxide sheets. In this way, the produced graphene oxide nanosheets were stably dispersed in water. The delaminated graphene nanosheets were confirmed by XRD, AFM, and TEM. XRD patterns indicated the d{sub 002}-spacing of the graphite greatly increased from 0.380 nm and 0.870 nm. AFM and TEM images showed that the ordered graphite crystal structure of graphene nanosheets was effectively exfoliated by this method. The prepared graphene nanosheets films showed 87.1% transmittance and a sheet resistance of 2.1 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 3} {Omega}/square. - Graphical abstract: A stable graphene oxide suspension could be quickly prepared by exfoliating a graphite oxide suspension by a host-guest electrostatic repulsion in aqueous solution. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Graphene nanosheets were prepared by a zwitterions amino acid intermediate from graphite oxide. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer 11-aminoundecanoic acid was protonated to intercalate molecules into the graphene oxide to achieve ion exchange. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The d{sub 002}-spacing of the graphite oxide greatly increased from 0.330 nm to 0.415 nm after 11-aminoundecanoic acid treatment.

Meng, Long-Yue [Department of Chemistry, Inha University, 253 Nam-gu, Incheon 402-751 (Korea, Republic of); Park, Soo-Jin, E-mail: sjpark@inha.ac.kr [Department of Chemistry, Inha University, 253 Nam-gu, Incheon 402-751 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

48

Magnetism of one-dimensional strongly repulsive spin-1 bosons with antiferromagnetic spin-exchange interaction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate magnetism and quantum phase transitions in a one-dimensional system of integrable spin-1 bosons with strongly repulsive density-density interaction and antiferromagnetic spin-exchange interaction via the thermodynamic Bethe ansatz method. At zero temperature, the system exhibits three quantum phases: (i) a singlet phase of boson pairs when the external magnetic field H is less than the lower critical field H{sub c1}; (ii) a ferromagnetic phase of atoms in the hyperfine state |F=1, m{sub F}=1> when the external magnetic field exceeds the upper critical field H{sub c2}; and (iii) a mixed phase of singlet pairs and unpaired atoms in the intermediate region H{sub c1}

Lee, J. Y.; Guan, X. W. [Department of Theoretical Physics, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200 (Australia); Batchelor, M. T. [Department of Theoretical Physics, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200 (Australia); Mathematical Sciences Institute, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200 (Australia); Lee, C. [Nonlinear Physics Centre and ARC Centre of Excellence for Quantum-Atom Optics, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200 (Australia)

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

49

Twisted toroidal vortex-solitons in inhomogeneous media with repulsive nonlinearity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Toroidal modes in the form of so-called Hopfions, with two independent winding numbers, a hidden one (twist, s), which characterizes a circular vortex thread embedded into a three-dimensional soliton, and the vorticity around the vertical axis m, appear in many fields, including the field theory, ferromagnetics, and semi- and superconductors. Such topological states are normally generated in multi-component systems, or as trapped quasi-linear modes in toroidal potentials. We uncover that stable solitons with this structure can be created, without any linear potential, in the single-component setting with the strength of repulsive nonlinearity growing fast enough from the center to the periphery, for both steep and smooth modulation profiles. Toroidal modes with s=1 and vorticity m=0,1,2 are produced. They are stable for m1. An approximate analytical solution is obtained for the twisted ring with s=1, m=0. Under the application of an external torque, it rotates like a solid ring. The setting can be implemented in BEC, by means of the Feshbach resonance controlled by inhomogene-ous magnetic fields.

Y. V. Kartashov; B. A. Malomed; Y. Shnir; L. Torner

2014-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

50

Fact #858 February 2, 2015 Retail Gasoline Prices in 2014 Experienced the Largest Decline since 2008 – Dataset  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Excel file with dataset for Retail Gasoline Prices in 2014 Experienced the Largest Decline since 2008

51

Students experiencing flu-like symptoms, such as fever with cough and/or sore throat,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Students experiencing flu-like symptoms, such as fever with cough and/or sore throat, should other difficulty breathing beyond a typical cough. Inform Undergraduates: Notify the director

Bou-Zeid, Elie

52

The predictability of C-reactive protein, lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2, and depression on later health outcomes in patients experiencing a first-time stroke.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Stroke is the third leading cause of death and the most common cause of neurologic disability for adults in developed nations. Strokes trigger an… (more)

Brethour, Mary

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Dynamics of $(2+1)$-dimensional SOS surfaces above a wall: Slow mixing induced by entropic repulsion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the Glauber dynamics for the $(2+1)\\mathrm{D}$ Solid-On-Solid model above a hard wall and below a far away ceiling, on an $L\\times L$ box of $\\mathbb{Z}^2$ with zero boundary conditions, at large inverse-temperature $\\beta$. It was shown by Bricmont, El Mellouki and Fr\\"{o}hlich [J. Stat. Phys. 42 (1986) 743-798] that the floor constraint induces an entropic repulsion effect which lifts the surface to an average height $H\\asymp(1/\\beta)\\log L$. As an essential step in understanding the effect of entropic repulsion on the Glauber dynamics we determine the equilibrium height $H$ to within an additive constant: $H=(1/4\\beta)\\log L+O(1)$. We then show that starting from zero initial conditions the surface rises to its final height $H$ through a sequence of metastable transitions between consecutive levels. The time for a transition from height $h=aH$, $a\\in(0,1)$, to height $h+1$ is roughly $\\exp(cL^a)$ for some constant $c>0$. In particular, the mixing time of the dynamics is exponentially large in $L$, that is, $T_{\\mathrm{MIX}}\\geq e^{cL}$. We also provide the matching upper bound $T_{\\mathrm{MIX}}\\leq e^{c'L}$, requiring a challenging analysis of the statistics of height contours at low temperature and new coupling ideas and techniques. Finally, to emphasize the role of entropic repulsion we show that without a floor constraint at height zero the mixing time is no longer exponentially large in $L$.

Pietro Caputo; Eyal Lubetzky; Fabio Martinelli; Allan Sly; Fabio Lucio Toninelli

2014-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

54

Studying Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis at the APS  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Researchers from Brookhaven National Lab come to Argonne's Advanced Photon Source to study Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, commonly known as Lou Gehrig's disease.

Gelfand, Paul; Miller, Lisa

2014-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

55

Experimental Results Of Fuzzy Logic Control For Lateral Vehicle Guidance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

M. , “Advances in Fuzzy Logic Control for Lateral VehicleExperimental Results of Fuzzy Logic Control for Lateral1425 Experimental Results of Fuzzy Logic Control for Lateral

Hessburg, Thomas; Peng, Hei; Zhang, Wei-bin; Arai, Alan; Tomizuka, Masayoshi

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

LBNE Project Scientist The Long Baseline Neutrino Experiment (LBNE) Project seeks an experienced experimental  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LBNE Project Scientist The Long Baseline Neutrino Experiment (LBNE) Project seeks an experienced experimental physicist to serve as Project Scientist. The LBNE Project will build an experimental facility, and a very large detector more than 1000 km away. Fermilab has management responsibility for the project

Quigg, Chris

57

Safe Food after a Tornado very county in Michigan has experienced at  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

been warm too long, they may contain food poisoning bacteria in quantities that could make you sickSafe Food after a Tornado E very county in Michigan has experienced at least one tornado- ing water in plastic containers and using them to fill any empty spaces not occupied by frozen foods

58

The S.E.E.D.E.D. (Seeking Educational Equity & Diversity by Experienced Doers)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 The S.E.E.D.E.D. (Seeking Educational Equity & Diversity by Experienced Doers) Office for Equity that arise when working towards inclusive excellence in and outside of classroom. S.E.E.D.E.D's goals are congruent with the UW-Madison's strategic priorities and the mission of the OED. The S.E.E.D.E.D seminar

Sheridan, Jennifer

59

The S.E.E.D.E.D. (Seeking Educational Equity & Diversity by Experienced Doers)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The S.E.E.D.E.D. (Seeking Educational Equity & Diversity by Experienced Doers) Seminar 2008 multiculturalism and inclusion of diversity in and outside of classroom. S.E.E.D.E.D's goals are congruent with the UW-Madison's strategic priorities, Plan 2008 goals and the mission of the OED. The S.E.E.D.E

Sheridan, Jennifer

60

Tourism in the Maldives: experiencing the difference from the Maldives Ms. Bndicte AUVRAY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tourism in the Maldives: experiencing the difference from the Maldives Ms. Bénédicte AUVRAY Ph Tourism Promotion Board, the country looks like a white and blue world for honeymooners, divers ­ Enclave ­ Exoticism halshs-00536400,version1-16Nov2010 Author manuscript, published in "Tourism

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lateral repulsion experienced" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Lateral displacement and rotational displacement sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A position measuring sensor formed from opposing sets of capacitor plates measures both rotational displacement and lateral displacement from the changes in capacitances as overlapping areas of capacitors change. Capacitances are measured by a measuring circuit. The measured capacitances are provided to a calculating circuit that performs calculations to obtain angular and lateral displacement from the capacitances measured by the measuring circuit.

Duden, Thomas

2014-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

62

Profiling 1366 Technologies: One Year Later  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Last January, we took a look at how ARPA-E performer, 1366 Technologies is working to dramatically reduce the cost of solar energy. A year later, we revisited their headquarters in Lexington, MA to...

63

Lateral forces on nanoparticles near a surface under circularly-polarized plane-wave illumination  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optical forces allow manipulation of small particles and control of nanophotonic structures with light beams. Here, we describe a counter-intuitive lateral optical force acting on particles placed above a substrate, under uniform plane wave illumination without any field gradients. We show that under circularly-polarized illumination, nanoparticles experience a lateral force as a result of dipolar, spin-sensitive scattering, with a magnitude comparable to other optical forces. To this end, we rigorously calculate the force experienced by a circularly polarized dipole radiating above a surface. Unlike for linearly-polarized dipoles, force components parallel to the surface can exist, caused by the recoil of unidirectional guided modes excited at the surface and/or by dipole-dipole interactions with the induced image dipole. These results were presented and discussed in conferences [1] and [2].

Rodríguez-Fortuño, Francisco J; Engheta, Nader; Zayats, Anatoly V

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

High Performance Lateral Schottky Collector Bipolar Transistors on SOI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

C-emitter lateral NPM Schottky collector transistor. To study the novel characteristics of these lateral Schottky junction of the proposed lateral PNM (NPM) transistor consists of a Schottky junction between N-base (P

Kumar, M. Jagadesh

65

Integrated Lateral Flow Test Strip with Electrochemical Sensor...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Lateral Flow Test Strip with Electrochemical Sensor for Quantification of Phosphorylated Cholinesterase: Biomarker of Integrated Lateral Flow Test Strip with Electrochemical Sensor...

66

LATERAL VEHICLE STABILIZATION USING CONSTRAINED NONLINEAR CONTROL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

problems of designing a controller for the yaw dynamics are the nonlinearities which appear in the system, nonlinear systems, constraints. Abstract A lateral stabilization system for automotive vehicles is de of the vehicle during braking maneuvers. These systems were followed by traction control systems, which im- prove

Johansen, Tor Arne

67

Lateral stability of long precast concrete beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lateral stability of long precast concrete beams T. J. Stratford, BA, BEng, and C. J. Burgoyne, BA, MSc, CEng, MICE & Modern precast concrete bridge beams are becoming increasingly long and slender, making them more susceptible to buckling failure. This paper shows that once the beam is positioned

Burgoyne, Chris

68

LATERAL LANDFILL GAS MIGRATION: CHARACTERIZATION AND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, where waste was buried without building a compacted clay liner at the bottom of the cells. Exploitation of the site. After capping the old cells with a geosynthetic liner, areas of poor crop production (zone Zl and transversal section studied. The site was initially exploited for clay and later filled with domestic waste

Boyer, Edmond

69

Profiling 1366 Technologies: One Year Later  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Last January, we took a look at how ARPA-E performer, 1366 Technologies is working to dramatically reduce the cost of solar energy. A year later, we revisited their headquarters in Lexington, MA to see the progress they've made.

Van Mierlo, Frank; Sachs, Ely;

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

70

Profiling 1366 Technologies: One Year Later  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Last January, we took a look at how ARPA-E performer, 1366 Technologies is working to dramatically reduce the cost of solar energy. A year later, we revisited their headquarters in Lexington, MA to see the progress they've made.

Van Mierlo, Frank; Sachs, Ely

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Structural behavior and dynamics of an anomalous fluid between attractive and repulsive walls: Templating, molding, and superdiffusion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Confinement can modify the dynamics, the thermodynamics, and the structural properties of liquid water, the prototypical anomalous liquid. By considering a generic model for anomalous liquids, suitable for describing solutions of globular proteins, colloids, or liquid metals, we study by molecular dynamics simulations the effect that an attractive wall with structure and a repulsive wall without structure have on the phases, the crystal nucleation, and the dynamics of the fluid. We find that at low temperatures the large density of the attractive wall induces a high-density, high-energy structure in the first layer (“templating” effect). In turn, the first layer induces a “molding” effect on the second layer determining a structure with reduced energy and density, closer to the average density of the system. This low-density, low-energy structure propagates further through the layers by templating effect and can involve all the existing layers at the lowest temperatures investigated. Therefore, although the high-density, high-energy structure does not self-reproduce further than the first layer, the structured wall can have a long-range influence thanks to a sequence of templating, molding, and templating effects through the layers. We find that the walls also have an influence on the dynamics of the liquid, with a stronger effect near the attractive wall. In particular, we observe that the dynamics is largely heterogeneous (i) among the layers, as a consequence of the sequence of structures caused by the walls presence, and (ii) within the same layer, due to superdiffusive liquid veins within a frozen matrix of particles near the walls at low temperature and high density. Hence, the partial freezing of the first layer does not correspond necessarily to an effective reduction of the channel's section in terms of transport properties, as suggested by other authors.

Leoni, Fabio; Franzese, Giancarlo [Departament de Fisica Fonamental, Universitat de Barcelona, Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona (Spain)

2014-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

72

Repulsive Casimir Pistons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Casimir pistons are models in which finite Casimir forces can be calculated without any suspect renormalizations. It has been suggested that such forces are always attractive. We present three scenarios in which that is not true. Two of these depend on mixing two types of boundary conditions. The other, however, is a simple type of quantum graph in which the sign of the force depends upon the number of edges.

S. A. Fulling; J. H. Wilson

2007-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

73

Emergent geometry experienced by fermions in graphene in the presence of dislocations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In graphene in the presence of strain the elasticity theory metric naturally appears. However, this is not the one experienced by fermionic quasiparticles. Fermions propagate in curved space, whose metric is defined by expansion of the effective Hamiltonian near the topologically protected Fermi point. We discuss relation between both types of metric for different parametrizations of graphene surface. Next, we extend our consideration to the case, when the dislocations are present. We consider the situation, when the deformation is described by elasticity theory and calculate both torsion and emergent magnetic field carried by the dislocation. The dislocation carries singular torsion in addition to the quantized flux of emergent magnetic field. It may be observed similar to the Aharonov - Bohm effect in the scattering of quasiparticles on the dislocation.

G. E. Volovik; M. A. Zubkov

2014-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

74

Emergent geometry experienced by fermions in graphene in the presence of dislocations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In graphene in the presence of strain the elasticity theory metric naturally appears. However, this is not the one experienced by fermionic quasiparticles. Fermions propagate in curved space, whose metric is defined by expansion of the effective Hamiltonian near the topologically protected Fermi point. We discuss relation between both types of metric for different parametrizations of graphene surface. Next, we extend our consideration to the case, when the dislocations are present. We consider the situation, when the deformation is described by elasticity theory and calculate both torsion and emergent magnetic field carried by the dislocation. The dislocation carries singular torsion in addition to the quantized flux of emergent magnetic field. Both may be observed in the scattering of quasiparticles on the dislocation. Emergent magnetic field flux manifests itself in the Aharonov - Bohm effect while the torsion singularity results in Stodolsky effect.

G. E. Volovik; M. A. Zubkov

2015-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

75

Emergent geometry experienced by fermions in graphene in the presence of dislocations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In graphene in the presence of strain the elasticity theory metric naturally appears. However, this is not the one experienced by fermionic quasiparticles. Fermions propagate in curved space, whose metric is defined by expansion of the effective Hamiltonian near the topologically protected Fermi point. We discuss relation between both types of metric for different parametrizations of graphene surface. Next, we extend our consideration to the case, when the dislocations are present. We consider the situation, when the deformation is described by elasticity theory and calculate both torsion and emergent magnetic field carried by the dislocation. The dislocation carries singular torsion in addition to the quantized flux of emergent magnetic field. It may be observed similar to the Aharonov - Bohm effect in the scattering of quasiparticles on the dislocation.

Volovik, G E

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Sharing of figurative language themes in expert therapy: occurrence and effect on client experiencing and therapeutic bond  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

production, use, and potential effects on the therapeutic relationship and client experiencing. Training videos were selected and transcribed using criteria for selection of examples of expert therapy. Fifty-six excerpts, each two-minutes in length, were...

Cardin, Scott Ashley

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

77

HELP FOR DEBUGGING VB CODES Debugging is an essential part of programming. Even for an experienced programmer most  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 1 HELP FOR DEBUGGING VB CODES Debugging is an essential part of programming. Even for an experienced programmer most codes will not work in the first attempt due to typo, mathematical errors. The goal of this tutorial is to introduce you to tools that can help fix your buggy code. There are 3 kinds

Clement, Prabhakar

78

A study of the plastic and elastic strain characteristics of an angular and well-graded sand experiencing cyclic loading  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A ST%K OP THE PLASTIC AND ELASTIC STRAIN CHARACTERISTICS OF AN ANOULAR AND WELL ARAXSD SAND EXPERXENCIN6 CYCLIC LOADIN6 A Thesis By WILLIAM FRANK SPENCER, ZR. Subnitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College... of Texas partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1957 Major Sub/acti Civil Engineering A STOVES OF THE PLASTIC AND ELASTIC STRAIN CHARACTERISTICS OP AN ANOULAR AND WELL SRAXED SAND EXPERIENCING CYCLIC...

Spencer, William Frank

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Negative quantum capacitance in graphene nanoribbons with lateral gates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Negative quantum capacitance in graphene nanoribbons with lateral gates R. Reiter1, , U. Derra2 , S numerical simulations of the capacitive coupling between graphene nanoribbons of various widths and gate electrodes in different configurations. We compare the influence of lateral metallic or graphene side gate

Florian, Libisch

80

Lateral Geniculate Nucleus Slide 2 Aditi Majumder, UCI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Lateral Geniculate Nucleus (LGN) Slide 2 Aditi Majumder, UCI What happens beyond the retina? What happens in Lateral Geniculate Nucleus (LGN) Visual cortex Information Flow Superior colliculus #12;2 Slide Retina From Brain stem Thalamus Neurons LGN Neurons LGN Cell From Cortex From Retina To Cortex Slide 4

Majumder, Aditi

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lateral repulsion experienced" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Thermodynamic and kinetic control of the lateral Si wire growth  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Reproducible lateral Si wire growth has been realized on the Si (100) surface. In this paper, we present experimental evidence showing the unique role that carbon plays in initiating lateral growth of Si wires on a Si (100) substrate. Once initiated in the presence of ?5 ML of C, lateral growth can be achieved in the range of temperatures, T?=?450–650?°C, and further controlled by the interplay of the flux of incoming Si atoms with the size and areal density of Au droplets. Critical thermodynamic and kinetic aspects of the growth are discussed in detail.

Dedyulin, Sergey N., E-mail: sdedyuli@uwo.ca; Goncharova, Lyudmila V. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Western Ontario, 1151 Richmond St., London, Ontario N6A 3K7 (Canada)

2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

82

Probing the Repulsive Core of the Nucleon-Nucleon Interaction via the 4He(e,e'pN) Triple-Coincidence Reaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We studied simultaneously the 4He(e,e'p), 4He(e,e'pp), and 4He(e,e'pn) reactions at Q^2=2 [GeV/c]2 and x_B>1, for a (e,e'p) missing-momentum range of 400 to 830 MeV/c. The knocked-out proton was detected in coincidence with a proton or neutron recoiling almost back to back to the missing momentum, leaving the residual A=2 system at low excitation energy. These data were used to identify two-nucleon short-range correlated pairs and to deduce their isospin structure as a function of missing momentum in a region where the nucleon-nucleon force is expected to change from predominantly tensor to repulsive. Neutron-proton pairs dominate the high-momentum tail of the nucleon momentum distributions, but their abundance is reduced as the nucleon momentum increases beyond ~500 MeV/c. The extracted fraction of proton-proton pairs is small and almost independent of the missing momentum in the range we studied. Our data are compared with ab-initio calculations of two-nucleon momentum distributions in 4He.

I. Korover N. Muangma; O. Hen; R. Shneor; V. Sulkosky; A. Kelleher; S. Gilad; D. W. Higinbotham; E. Piasetzky J. Watson; S. Wood; Abdurahim Rakhman; P. Aguilera; Z. Ahmed; H. Albataineh; K. Allada; B. Anderson; D. Anez; K. Aniol; J. Annand; W. Armstrong; J. Arrington; T. Averett; T. Badman; H. Baghdasaryan; X. Bai; A. Beck; S. Beck; V. Bellini; F. Benmokhtar; W. Bertozzi; J. Bittner; W. Boeglin; A. Camsonne; C. Chen; J. -P. Chen; K. Chirapatpimol; E. Cisbani; M. M. Dalton; A. Daniel; D. Day; C. W. de Jager; R. De Leo; W. Deconinck; M. Defurne; D. Flay; N. Fomin; M. Friend; S. Frullani; E. Fuchey; F. Garibaldi; D. Gaskell; R. Gilman; O. Glamazdin; C. Gu; P. Gueye; D. Hamilton; C. Hanretty; O. Hansen; M. Hashemi Shabestari; T. Holmstrom; M. Huang; S. Iqbal; G. Jin; N. Kalantarians; H. Kang; M. Khandaker; J. LeRose; J. Leckey; R. Lindgren; E. Long; J. Mammei; D. J. Margaziotis; P. Markowitz; A. Marti Jimenez-Arguello; D. Meekins; Z. Meziani; R. Michaels; M. Mihovilovic; P. Monaghan; C. Munoz Camacho; B. Norum; Nuruzzaman; K. Pan; S. Phillips; I. Pomerantz; M. Posik; V. Punjabi; X. Qian; Y. Qiang; X. Qiu; P. E. Reimer; S. Riordan; G. Ron; O. Rondon-Aramayo; A. Saha; E. Schulte; L. Selvy; A. Shahinyan; S. Sirca; J. Sjoegren; K. Slifer; P. Solvignon; N. Sparveris; R. Subedi; W. Tireman; D. Wang; L. B. Weinstein; B. Wojtsekhowski; W. Yan; I. Yaron; Z. Ye; X. Zhan; J. Zhang; Y. Zhang; B. Zhao; Z. Zhao; X. Zheng; P. Zhu; R. Zielinski

2014-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

83

Probing the Repulsive Core of the Nucleon-Nucleon Interaction via the 4He(e,e`pN) Triple-Coincidence Reaction  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

We studied simultaneously the 4He(e,e'p), 4He(e,e'pp), and 4He(e,e'pn) reactions at Q2=2 [GeV/c]2 and xB >1, for a (e,e'p) missing-momentum range of 400 to 830 MeV/c. The knocked-out proton was detected in coincidence with a proton or neutron recoiling almost back to back to the missing momentum, leaving the residual A=2 system at low excitation energy. These data were used to identify two-nucleon short-range correlated pairs and to deduce their isospin structure as a function of missing momentum in a region where the nucleon-nucleon force is expected to change from predominantly tensor to repulsive. Neutron-proton pairs dominate the high-momentum tail of the nucleon momentum distributions, but their abundance is reduced as the nucleon momentum increases beyond ~500 MeV/c. The extracted fraction of proton-proton pairs is small and almost independent of the missing momentum in the range we studied. Our data are compared with ab-initio calculations of two-nucleon momentum distributions in 4He.

Korover, Igor; Muangma, Navaphon; Hen, Or; Shneor, Ran; Sulkosky, Vincent; Kelleher, Aidan; Gilad, Shalev; Higinbotham, Douglas; Piasetzky, Eliazer; Wood, Stephen; Rakhman, Abdurahim; Aguilera, Paula; Ahmed, Zafar; Albataineh, Hisham; Allada, Kalyan; Anderson, Bryon; Anez, David; Aniol, Konrad; Annand, John; Armstrong, Whitney; Arrington, John; Averett, Todd; Badman, Toby; Baghdasaryan, Hovhannes; Bai, Xinzhan; Beck, Arie; Beck, Sharon; Bellini, Vincenzo; Benmokhtar, Fatiha; Bertozzi, William; Bittner, James; Boeglin, Werner; Camsonne, Alexandre; Chen, Chunhua; Chen, Jian-Ping; Chirapatpimol, Khem; Cisbani, Evaristo; Dalton, Mark; Daniel, Aji; Day, Donal; De, Cornelis; Jager; De, Raffaele; Leo; Deconinck, Wouter; Defurne, Maxime; Flay, David; Fomin, Nadia; Friend, Megan; Frullani, Salvatore; Fuchey, Eric; Garibaldi, Franco; Gaskell, David; Gilman, Ronald; Glamazdin, Oleksandr; Gu, Chao; Gueye, Paul; Hamilton, David; Hanretty, Charles; Hansen, Jens-Ole; Hashemi, Mitra; Shabestari; Holmstrom, Timothy; Huang, Min; Iqbal, Sophia; Jin, Ge; Kalantarians, Narbe; Kang, Hoyoung; Khandaker, Mahbubul; LeRose, John; Leckey, John; Lindgren, Richard; Long, Elena; Mammei, Juliette; Margaziotis, Demetrius; Markowitz, Pete; Meekins, David; Meziani, Zein-Eddine; Michaels, Robert; Mihovilovic, Miha; Monaghan, Peter; Munoz, Carlos; Camacho; Norum, Blaine; Nuruzzaman, nfn; Pan, Kai; Phillips, Sarah; Pomerantz, Ishay; Posik, Matthew; Punjabi, Vina; Qian, Xin; Qiang, Yi; Qiu, Xiyu; Reimer, Paul; Riordan, Seamus; Ron, Guy; Rondon-Aramayo, Oscar; Saha, Arunava; Schulte, Elaine; Selvy, Lawrence; Shahinyan, Albert; Sirca, Simon; Sjoegren, Johan; Slifer, Karl; Solvignon-Slifer, Patricia; Sparveris, Nikolaos; Subedi, Ramesh; Tireman, William; Wang, Diancheng; Weinstein, Lawrence; Wojtsekhowski, Bogdan; Yan, Wenbiao; Yaron, Israel; Ye, Zhihong; Zhan, X.; Zhang, J.; Zhang, Yawei; Zhao, Bo; Zhao, Zhiwen; Zheng, Xiaochao; Zhu, Pengjia; Zielinski, Ryan; Watson, John

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Probing the Repulsive Core of the Nucleon-Nucleon Interaction via the 4He(e,e`pN) Triple-Coincidence Reaction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We studied simultaneously the 4He(e,e'p), 4He(e,e'pp), and 4He(e,e'pn) reactions at Q2=2 [GeV/c]2 and xB >1, for a (e,e'p) missing-momentum range of 400 to 830 MeV/c. The knocked-out proton was detected in coincidence with a proton or neutron recoiling almost back to back to the missing momentum, leaving the residual A=2 system at low excitation energy. These data were used to identify two-nucleon short-range correlated pairs and to deduce their isospin structure as a function of missing momentum in a region where the nucleon-nucleon force is expected to change from predominantly tensor to repulsive. Neutron-proton pairs dominate the high-momentum tail of the nucleon momentum distributions, but their abundance is reduced as the nucleon momentum increases beyond ~500 MeV/c. The extracted fraction of proton-proton pairs is small and almost independent of the missing momentum in the range we studied. Our data are compared with ab-initio calculations of two-nucleon momentum distributions in 4He.

Korover, Igor; Muangma, Navaphon; Hen, Or; Shneor, Ran; Sulkosky, Vincent; Kelleher, Aidan; Gilad, Shalev; Higinbotham, Douglas; Piasetzky, Eliazer; Wood, Stephen; Rakhman, Abdurahim; Aguilera, Paula; Ahmed, Zafar; Albataineh, Hisham; Allada, Kalyan; Anderson, Bryon; Anez, David; Aniol, Konrad; Annand, John; Armstrong, Whitney; Arrington, John; Averett, Todd; Badman, Toby; Baghdasaryan, Hovhannes; Bai, Xinzhan; Beck, Arie; Beck, Sharon; Bellini, Vincenzo; Benmokhtar, Fatiha; Bertozzi, William; Bittner, James; Boeglin, Werner; Camsonne, Alexandre; Chen, Chunhua; Chen, Jian-Ping; Chirapatpimol, Khem; Cisbani, Evaristo; Dalton, Mark; Daniel, Aji; Day, Donal; De, Cornelis; Jager; De, Raffaele; Leo; Deconinck, Wouter; Defurne, Maxime; Flay, David; Fomin, Nadia; Friend, Megan; Frullani, Salvatore; Fuchey, Eric; Garibaldi, Franco; Gaskell, David; Gilman, Ronald; Glamazdin, Oleksandr; Gu, Chao; Gueye, Paul; Hamilton, David; Hanretty, Charles; Hansen, Jens-Ole; Hashemi, Mitra; Shabestari; Holmstrom, Timothy; Huang, Min; Iqbal, Sophia; Jin, Ge; Kalantarians, Narbe; Kang, Hoyoung; Khandaker, Mahbubul; LeRose, John; Leckey, John; Lindgren, Richard; Long, Elena; Mammei, Juliette; Margaziotis, Demetrius; Markowitz, Pete; Meekins, David; Meziani, Zein-Eddine; Michaels, Robert; Mihovilovic, Miha; Monaghan, Peter; Munoz, Carlos; Camacho; Norum, Blaine; Nuruzzaman, nfn; Pan, Kai; Phillips, Sarah; Pomerantz, Ishay; Posik, Matthew; Punjabi, Vina; Qian, Xin; Qiang, Yi; Qiu, Xiyu; Reimer, Paul; Riordan, Seamus; Ron, Guy; Rondon-Aramayo, Oscar; Saha, Arunava; Schulte, Elaine; Selvy, Lawrence; Shahinyan, Albert; Sirca, Simon; Sjoegren, Johan; Slifer, Karl; Solvignon-Slifer, Patricia; Sparveris, Nikolaos; Subedi, Ramesh; Tireman, William; Wang, Diancheng; Weinstein, Lawrence; Wojtsekhowski, Bogdan; Yan, Wenbiao; Yaron, Israel; Ye, Zhihong; Zhan, X.; Zhang, J.; Zhang, Yawei; Zhao, Bo; Zhao, Zhiwen; Zheng, Xiaochao; Zhu, Pengjia; Zielinski, Ryan; Watson, John

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Self-organization and segmentation with laterally connected spiking neurons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A self-organizing model of spiking neurons with dynamic thresholds and lateral excitatory and inhibitory connections is presented and tested in the image segmentation task. The model integrates two previously separate lines of research in modeling the visual cortex. Laterally connected self-organizing maps have been used to model how afferent structures and lateral connections could self-organize through inputdriven Hebbian adaptation. Spiking neurons with leaky integrator synapses have been used to model image segmentation and binding by synchronization and desynchronization of neuronal activity. Although these approaches differ in how they model the neuron, they have the same overall layout of a laterally connected two-dimensional network. This paper shows how both self-organization and segmentation can be achieved in such a network, thus presenting a unified model of development and functional dynamics in the primary visual cortex. 1

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

De-noised coding by lateral interactions Cornelius Weber  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

De-noised coding by lateral interactions Cornelius Weber Brain and Cognitive Science Dept(8):740-745 (1999). [2] C. Weber and K. Obermayer, Emergence of modularity within one sheet of intrinsically active

Weber, Cornelius

87

Performance analysis for lateral-line-inspired sensor arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The lateral line is a critical component of the fish sensory system, found to affect numerous aspects of behavior including maneuvering in complex fluid environments, schooling, prey tracking, and environment mapping. This ...

Fernandez, Vicente I

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Directional sensitivity of velocity sense in lateral trunk flexion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

motion were examined during paraspinal muscle vibration. Seventeen healthy subjects performed lateral trunk flexion movements while lying prone with pelvis fixed. A 44.5 Hz vibratory stimulus was applied to the paraspinal muscles at the L3 level...

Soltys, Joseph S.; Wilson, Sara E.

2008-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

89

Development of novel diagnostics and therapeutics for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease with diagnostics and treatments that are ineffective at stopping the progression. This thesis examines new ways of both diagnosing and treating ALS, including ...

Townsend, Seth A. (Seth Alan)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Field measurement of lateral earth pressures on retaining walls  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FIELD MEASUREMENT OF LATERAL EARTH PRESSURES ON RETAINING WALLS A Thesis by Michael Riggins Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1974... Major Subject: Civil Engineering FIELD MEASUREMENT OF LATERAL EARTH PRESSURES ON RETAINING WALLS A Thesis by Michael Riggins Approved as to style and content by: Cha rman of Committee Memb r Head of Departm t P Etc Member August 1974 ABSTRACT...

Riggins, Michael

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Modeling Cortical Plasticity Based on Adapting Lateral Interaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A neural network model called LISSOM for the cooperative self-organization of afferent and lateral connections in cortical maps is applied to modeling cortical plasticity. After self-organization, the LISSOM maps are in a dynamic equilibrium with the input, and reorganize like the cortex in response to simulated cortical lesions and intracortical microstimulation. The model predicts that adapting lateral interactions are fundamental to cortical reorganization, and suggests techniques to hasten recovery following sensory cortical surgery.

92

A study conducted on laterally loaded cylindrical footings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A STUDY CONDUCTED ON LATERALLY LOADED CYLINDRICAL FOOTINGS A Thesis by Kenneth Joseph Koch Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree oi MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1968... Major Subject Civil Engineering A STUDY CONDUCTED ON LATERALLY LOADED CYLINDRICAL FOOTINGS A Thesis by Kenneth Joseph Koch Approved as to style and content by (Chairman of Committee) (Head of Department) (Member) (M ber) May 1968...

Koch, Kenneth Joseph

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Experiencing the Message Passing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nijmegen, faculteit Wiskunde en Informatica, op 19 januari 1996 Door: Edward Markus Petrus Albertus Mahieu in this change are Erik­Jan, Jornand, Paul and Ramon. I would like to thank them for their interest and support

Schouten, Theo

94

2011 Automotive Industry Seminar -"Challenges after the Earthquake" In recent years, the automotive industry has experienced a severe economic depression led by  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2011 Automotive Industry Seminar - "Challenges after the Earthquake" In recent years, the automotive industry has experienced a severe economic depression led by subprime loan issues, recalls Automotive Industry Seminar "Challenges after the Earthquake" in cooperation with the Consulate

95

Lateral vibration effects in atomic-scale friction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The influence of lateral vibrations on the stick-slip motion of a nanotip elastically pulled on a flat crystal surface is studied by atomic force microscopy measurements on a NaCl(001) surface in ultra-high vacuum. The slippage of the nanotip across the crystal lattice is anticipated at increasing driving amplitude, similarly to what is observed in presence of normal vibrations. This lowers the average friction force, as explained by the Prandtl-Tomlinson model with lateral vibrations superimposed at finite temperature. Nevertheless, the peak values of the lateral force, and the total energy losses, are expected to increase with the excitation amplitude, which may limit the practical relevance of this effect.

Roth, R. [Climate and Environment Physics, Physics Institute, University of Bern, Bern (Switzerland); Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research, University of Bern, Bern (Switzerland); Fajardo, O. Y.; Mazo, J. J. [Departamento de Física de la Materia Condensada and Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Aragón, CSIC-Universidad de Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza (Spain); Meyer, E. [Department of Physics, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 82, 4056 Basel (Switzerland); Gnecco, E. [Instituto Madrileño de Estudios Avanzados en Nanociencia, IMDEA Nanociencia, 28049 Madrid (Spain)

2014-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

96

Lateral load test of a drilled shaft in clay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LATERAL LOAD TEST OF A DRILLED SHAFT IN CLAY A Thesis by VERNON RAY KASCH Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A8M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1977 Major Subject...: Civil Engineering LATERAL LOAD TEST OF A DRILLED SHAFT IN CLAY A Thesis by VERNON RAY KASCH Approved as to style and content by: Harry M. Coyle - Ch irman of Committee Charles H. Samson, Jr. Head of Department Wayne . Dunlap - Ne er Christop er C...

Kasch, Vernon R

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Impairment in Dynamic Postural Control Following an Acute Lateral Ankle Sprain.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Lateral ankle sprains are the most common injury in sports, with an estimated 25,000 per day. Current research assesses postural control deficits following lateral ankle… (more)

Bryan, Anne Lorene

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

E-Print Network 3.0 - amyotrophic lateral sclerosis-associated...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for the Cure, and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis... , amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; HSE, heat shock element; NSAID, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug; DCIC, 3... occur...

99

An Adaption Method For Fuzzy Logic Controllers In Lateral Vehicle Guidance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experimental Results of Fuzzy Logic Control for LateralLogic Applications, Fuzzy Logic Control, Lateral Control iiloop system, under fuzzy logic control, follow a reference

Hessburg, Thomas; Tomizuka, Masayoshi

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Left Lateralized Enhancement of Orofacial Somatosensory Processing Due  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

JSLHR Supplement Left Lateralized Enhancement of Orofacial Somatosensory Processing Due to Speech associated with speech articulatory movements affects the perception of speech sounds and vice versa, suggesting an intimate linkage between speech production and perception systems. However, it is unclear which

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lateral repulsion experienced" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Global Warming 20 Years Later: Tipping Points Near  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global Warming 20 Years Later: Tipping Points Near Jim Hansen 23 June 2008 National Press Club, and House Select Committee on Energy Independence & Global Warming Washington, DC #12;1988 Testimony Has Big Effects Did Not Emphasize That Global Warming Enhances Both Extremes of Water Cycle - More

Hansen, James E.

102

Contour integration and segmentation with self-organized lateral connections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Contour integration in low-level vision is believed to occur based on lateral interaction between neurons with similar orientation tuning. How such interactions could arise in the brain has been an open question. Our model suggests that the interactions can be learned through input-driven self-organization, i.e. through the same mechanism that underlies many other developmental and functional phenomena in the visual cortex. The model also shows how synchronized firing mediated by these lateral connections can represent the percept of a contour, resulting in performance similar to that of human contour integration. The model further demonstrates that contour integration performance can differ in different parts of the visual field, depending on what kinds of input distributions they receive during development. The model thus grounds an important perceptual phenomenon onto detailed neural mechanisms, so that various structural and functional properties can be measured, and predictions can be made to guide future experiments. 1

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Test Anxiety is a psychological condition experienced by a very small percentage of individuals. Test Anxiety should be confirmed by a licensed counselor.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

·Test Anxiety is a psychological condition experienced by a very small percentage of individuals. Test Anxiety should be confirmed by a licensed counselor. ·Test Worry is the culmination of real or perceived pressure and expectations from yourself or others. Test Worry is often the result of varying

Maxwell, Bruce D.

104

Dear IBM Investor: As I write to you, the global economy is experiencing profound disruption. There is a great deal of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Dear IBM Investor: As I write to you, the global economy is experiencing profound disruption in a global economy? And how will we capture the new growth opportunities that are emerging around the world for the global economy and society. We are now living in a world that is: ­ instrumented: Computational power

105

Optimization of Process Parameters for Si Lateral PIN Photodiode  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract: This paper is about four optimization factors of process parameters, namely the intrinsic region length, photoabsorption layer thickness, the incident optical power and the bias voltage in a Si lateral pin-photodiode so as to obtain high frequency response and responsivity. Optimization of these parameters is based on Taguchi optimization method. In terms of simulation for the fabrication and device electrical characterization, ATHENA and ATLAS software from Silvaco Int. were used respectively. The identified factors have three best levels which give different combination based on L9 orthogonal array by Taguchi optimization method. In order to find the optimum factors and levels, signal-to-noise ratios (SNR) of larger-the-better (LTB) was applied. The analysis showed that the entire identified factors gave significant effect on the optical properties of the Si lateral pin-photodiode. It is revealed that the best result for responsivity and frequency response after the optimization approaches were 0.62A/W and 13.1 GHz respectively which respond to the optimized value for intrinsic region length of 6 µm, photoabsorption layer thickness of 50 µm, incident optical 2 power of 1 mW/cm and bias voltage of 3 V. As a conclusion, the optimum solution in achieving the desired high speed photodiode was successfully predicted using Taguchi optimization method. Key words: Taguchi method Photodiode Lateral p-i-n Simulation Silvaco

P. S. Menon; S. Kalthom Tasirin; Ibrahim Ahmad; S. Fazlili Abdullah

106

Maskless lateral epitaxial overgrowth of GaN on sapphire  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors demonstrate a technique of lateral epitaxial overgrowth (LEO) of GaN, termed maskless LEO, in which no mask is deposited prior to LEO regrowth. Instead, a bulk (> 2 {micro}m) GaN layer on sapphire is selectively dry etched, leaving {approximately} 5 {micro}m-wide stripe mesas oriented in the <10{bar 1}0>{sub GaN} direction, with a 20 {micro}m period. These stripes serve as seeds for LEO GaN growth, which proceeds from the tops of the stripes and expands laterally, resulting in a T, or overhang, morphology. As for LEO over an SiO{sub 2} mask, significant defect reduction (from {approximately} 10{sup 9} cm{sup {minus}2} to {approximately} 10{sup 6} cm{sup {minus}2}) is observed in cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Atomic force microscopy of the top surface of the LEO GaN reveals that no threading dislocations with screw component terminate at the surfaces of laterally overgrown regions. X-ray diffraction measurements reveal that the wings exhibit a crystallographic tilt away from the seed regions in an azimuth perpendicular to the stripe direction; the tilt angle ({approximately} 0.4--0.5{degree}) is relatively independent of growth temperature and wing aspect ratio.

Fini, P.; Marchand, H.; Ibbetson, J.P.; Moran, B.; Zhao, L.; Denbaars, S.P.; Speck, J.S.; Mishra, U.K.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Lateral downflows in sunspot penumbral filaments and their temporal evolution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the temporal evolution of downflows observed at the lateral edges of penumbral filaments in a sunspot located very close to the disk center. Our analysis is based on a sequence of nearly diffraction-limited spectropolarimetric scans of the Fe I 6173 A line taken with the CRISP instrument at the Swedish 1-m Solar Telescope. We compute Dopplergrams from the observed intensity profiles using line bisectors and filter the resulting velocity maps for subsonic oscillations. Lateral downflows appear everywhere in the center-side penumbra as small, weak patches of redshifts next to or along the edges of blueshifted flow channels. These patches have an intermittent life and undergo mergings and fragmentations quite frequently. The lateral downflows move together with the hosting filaments and react to their shape variations, very much resembling the evolution of granular convection in the quiet Sun. There is a good relation between brightness and velocity of the flow structures in the center-side penumbra, wi...

Pozuelo, S Esteban; Rodriguez, J de la Cruz

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Normal and lateral Casimir forces between deformed plates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Casimir force between macroscopic bodies depends strongly on their shape and orientation. To study this geometry dependence in the case of two deformed metal plates, we use a path-integral quantization of the electromagnetic field which properly treats the many-body nature of the interaction, going beyond the commonly used pairwise summation (PWS) of van der Waals forces. For arbitrary deformations we provide an analytical result for the deformation induced change in the Casimir energy, which is exact to second order in the deformation amplitude. For the specific case of sinusoidally corrugated plates, we calculate both the normal and the lateral Casimir forces. The deformation induced change in the Casimir interaction of a flat and a corrugated plate shows an interesting crossover as a function of the ratio of the mean plate distance H to the corrugation length {lambda}: For {lambda}<>H. The amplitude of the lateral force between two corrugated plates which are out of registry is shown to have a maximum at an optimal wavelength of {lambda}{approx_equal}2.5 H. With increasing H/{lambda} > or approx. 0.3 the PWS approach becomes a progressively worse description of the lateral force due to many-body effects. These results may be of relevance for the design and operation of novel microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) and other nanoscale devices.

Emig, Thorsten; Hanke, Andreas; Golestanian, Ramin; Kardar, Mehran [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet zu Koeln, Zuelpicher Strasse 77, D-50937 Cologne (Germany); Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 57, D-70550 Stuttgart (Germany); Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences, Zanjan 45195-159 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Institute for Studies in Theoretical Physics and Mathematics, P.O. Box 19395-5531, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Physics Department, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Laterally confined THz sources and graphene based THz optics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laterally confined THz Sources and Graphene based THz Optics Shruti Badhwar St John’s College Department of Physics, University of Cambridge A thesis submitted for the degree of Doctorate in Philosophy 31st May 2014 2 To the hands who nourished... . Without the generous support of graphene samples from Piran Kidambi and Dr. Stephan Hofmann, much of this work would not have been possible. I would iii also like to thank Reuben Puddy whose experience with graphene helped some of the ideas to kick...

Badhwar, Shruti

2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

110

An assay of duck hepatitis virus induced interferon, produced in duck embryo fibro-blasts which have experienced short term treatment with DDT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AN ASSAY OP DUCK HEPATITIS VIRUS INDUCED INTERFERON, PRODUCED IN DUCK EMBRYO FIBROBLASTS WHICH HAVE EXPERIENCED SHORT TERM TREATMENT WITH DDT A Thesis by BURGESS BAUDER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in Partial... WITH DDT A Thesi. s by /'. ". " . "i BURGESS BAUDER Approved as to style and content by: (Chairm of Committee) (Head of Depar ent) (Member) (Member) (Member) August 1973 ABSTRACT An Assay of Duck Hepatitis Virus Induced Interferon, Produced...

Bauder, Richard Burgess

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

E-Print Network 3.0 - arabidopsis lateral root Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

development was demonstrated,24... :www.landesbioscience.comjournalspsbabstract.php?id3604 KEy words homeodomain protein, root development, lateral root development, ......

112

Method for loading explosive laterally from a borehole  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

There is provided a method for forming an in situ oil shale retort in a subterranean formation containing oil shale. At least one void is excavated in the formation, leaving zones of unfragmented formation adjacent the void. An array of main blastholes is formed in the zone of unfragmented formation and at least one explosive charge which is shaped for forming a high velocity gas jet is placed into a main blasthole with the axis of the gas jet extending transverse to the blasthole. The shaped charge is detonated for forming an auxiliary blasthole in the unfragmented formation adjacent a side wall of the main blasthole. The auxiliary blasthole extends laterally away from the main blasthole. Explosive is placed into the main blasthole and into the auxiliary blasthole and is detonated for explosively expanding formation towards the free face for forming a fragmented permeable mass of formation particles in the in situ oil shale retort.

Ricketts, Thomas E. (Grand Junction, CO)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Lateral solids dispersion coefficient in large-scale fluidized beds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The design of fuel feed ports in a large-scale fluidized bed combustor depends on the fuel characteristics and lateral solids mixing. However, the reported values of the effective lateral solids dispersion coefficient (D{sub sr}) are scattered in the broad range of 0.0001-0.1 m{sup 2}/s. With the aim of predicting D{sub sr} in wider fluidized beds which is difficult to measure directly or deduce from experimental results in lab-scale facilities, a computational method is proposed. It combines the Eulerian-Granular simulation and fictitious particle tracing technique. The value of D{sub sr} is calculated based on the movement of the tracers. The effect on D{sub sr} of bed width (W) ranging from 0.4 m up to 12.8 m at different levels of superficial gas velocity (U{sub 0}) is investigated. It is found that increasing W whilst maintaining U{sub 0}, D{sub sr} initially increases markedly, then its increase rate declines, and finally it stays around a constant value. The computed values of D{sub sr} are examined quantitatively and compared with a thorough list of the measured D{sub sr} in the literature since 1980s. Agreed with the measurements performed in the pilot-scale fluidized beds, the value of D{sub sr} in wider facilities at higher fluidizing velocities is predicted to be around the order of magnitude of 0.1 m{sup 2}/s, much higher than that in lab-scale beds. Finally, the effect of D{sub sr} on the distribution of fuel particles over the cross section in fluidized beds with the specified layout of feed ports is discussed. (author)

Liu, Daoyin; Chen, Xiaoping [School of Energy and Environment, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096 (China)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

114

Alternative energy estimation from the shower lateral distribution function  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The surface detector technique has been successfully used to detect cosmic ray showers for several decades. Scintillators or Cerenkov water tanks can be used to measure the number of particles and/or the energy density at a given depth in the atmosphere and reconstruct the primary particle properties. It has been shown that the experiment configuration and the resolution in reconstructing the core position determine a distance to the shower axis in which the lateral distribution function (LDF) of particles shows the least variation with respect to different primary particles type, simulation models and specific shapes of the LDF. Therefore, the signal at this distance (600 m for Haverah Park and 1000 m for Auger Observatory) has shown to be a good estimator of the shower energy. Revisiting the above technique, we show that a range of distances to the shower axis, instead of one single point, can be used as estimator of the shower energy. A comparison is done for the Auger Observatory configuration and the new estimator proposed here is shown to be a good and robust alternative to the standard single point procedure.

Vitor de Souza; Carlos O. Escobar; Joel Brito; Carola Dobrigkeit; Gustavo Medina-Tanco

2005-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

115

Nanowire-templated lateral epitaxial growth of non-polar group III nitrides  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for growing high quality, nonpolar Group III nitrides using lateral growth from Group III nitride nanowires. The method of nanowire-templated lateral epitaxial growth (NTLEG) employs crystallographically aligned, substantially vertical Group III nitride nanowire arrays grown by metal-catalyzed metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) as templates for the lateral growth and coalescence of virtually crack-free Group III nitride films. This method requires no patterning or separate nitride growth step.

Wang, George T. (Albuquerque, NM); Li, Qiming (Albuquerque, NM); Creighton, J. Randall (Albuquerque, NM)

2010-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

116

E-Print Network 3.0 - ankle lateral stability Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: ankle lateral stability Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Journal of Biomechanics 33 (2000)...

117

E-Print Network 3.0 - arteria sural lateral Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Somatosensory Conditioning Summary: NERVE. The sural nerve was stimulated at the ankle just below the lateral malleolus with a train of five... (unconditioned) or with sural...

118

Fuzzy Logic Control For Lane Change Maneuvers In Lateral Vehicle Guidance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experimental Results of Fuzzy Logic Control for LateralHessburg, 1994, "Fuzzy Logic Control with Adaptive MethodsOF CALIFORNIA, BERKELEY Fuzzy Logic Control for Lane Change

Hessburg, Thomas; Tomizuka, Masayoshi

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Calibration of the torsional spring constant and the lateral photodiode response of frictional force microscopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Calibration of the torsional spring constant and the lateral photodiode response of frictional simultaneously calibrates the photodiode response to the angular deflection of the cantilever. It does not rely steps: the calibration of the lateral photodiode response to convert the measured volts to the angle

Attard, Phil

120

Preprint 24th EU PVSEC, 2009, Hamburg FITTING OF LATERAL RESISTANCES IN SILICON SOLAR CELLS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Preprint 24th EU PVSEC, 2009, Hamburg FITTING OF LATERAL RESISTANCES IN SILICON SOLAR CELLS cell from electroluminescence (EL) is introduced. A two-dimensional model of the solar cell screen printed monocrystalline silicon solar cell are shown and the influence of lateral diffusion

Junk, Michael

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lateral repulsion experienced" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Thermocapillary instabilities in a laterally heated liquid bridge with end wall rotation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thermocapillary instabilities in a laterally heated liquid bridge with end wall rotation L in a laterally heated liquid bridge is studied numerically using the full-zone model of the floating-zone crystal growth technique. A small Prandtl number (0.02) fluid, relevant for semiconductor melts, is studied

Witkowski, Laurent Martin

122

Effect of collector lateral scaling on performance of high-speed SiGe HBTs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effect of collector lateral scaling on performance of high-speed SiGe HBTs with fT > 300 GHz J.-S. Rieh, M. Khater, A. Jeseph, G. Freeman and D. Ahlgren The effect of collector lateral scaling followed by a degradation with decreasing collector width. Possible causes behind the observed trend

Rieh, Jae-Sung

123

Adolescent conduct problems and later risk of induced abortion: A population-based longitudinal study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MEMORANDUM No 6:2007 Adolescent conduct problems and later risk of induced abortion: A population://www.iss.uio.no/forskning/memoranda.html #12;ii Adolescent conduct problems and later risk of induced abortion: A population- based and abortion. #12;iii Conclusions: Girls with conduct problems in early adolescence are at risk for induced

Løw, Erik

124

Lateral Dynamics Reconstruction for Sharp'71 Motorcycle Model with P2I Observer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lateral Dynamics Reconstruction for Sharp'71 Motorcycle Model with P2I Observer Chabane Chenane (motorcycle, scooter, etc.). For that purpose, the well-known motorcycle model developed by Sharp in 1971 is used. This model characterizes the lateral dynamics of a motorcycle [16]. The roll angle

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

125

Research paper Cisplatin-induced hair cell loss in zebrafish (Danio rerio) lateral line  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research paper Cisplatin-induced hair cell loss in zebrafish (Danio rerio) lateral line Henry C. Ou online 19 July 2007 Abstract We have used time-lapse imaging to study cisplatin-induced hair cell death in lateral line neuromasts of zebrafish larvae in vivo. We found that cisplatin-induced hair cell death

Rubel, Edwin

126

Neomycin-Induced Hair Cell Death and Rapid Regeneration in the Lateral Line of Zebrafish  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neomycin-Induced Hair Cell Death and Rapid Regeneration in the Lateral Line of Zebrafish (Danio ABSTRACT Mechanoreceptive hair cells are extremely sensitive to aminoglycoside antibiotics, including neomycin. Hair cell survival was assessed in larval wild-type zebrafish lateral line neuromasts 4 h after

Rubel, Edwin

127

STRUCTURAL RESPONSE OF THE DIII-D TOROIDAL FIELD COIL TO INCREASED LATERAL LOADS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

OAK-B135 Recent calibration shots in which full toroidal field (TF) coil current interacted with the maximum poloidal field coils have produced increased lateral loads on the outer sections of the TF-coil. The increased lateral loads have resulted in deflections that have been sufficient to cause the TF-coil to contact adjacent equipment and produce a transient short to ground within the coil. The six outer turns of each TF-coil bundle are clamped together by insulated preloaded studs to provide increased bending stiffness. These sections of the outer bundles depend on friction to react the lateral loads as a bundle rather than six individual turns. A major concern is that the increased loads will produce slip between turns resulting in excessive lateral deflections and possible damage to the insulating sleeve on the preloaded studs. A finite element structural model of the TF-coil was developed for the calculation of deflections and the shear load distribution throughout the coil for the applied lateral loads from a full current calibration shot. The purpose of the updated structural model is to correlate the applied lateral loads to the total shear force between the unbonded sections of the outer turns. An allowable integrated lateral load applied to the outer turns is established based on the maximum shear force that can be reacted by friction. A program that calculates the magnetic fields and integrated lateral load along the outer turns can be incorporated into the plasma control system. The integrated load can then be compared to the calculated allowable value prior to execution of calibration shots. Calibration shots with a calculated total lateral load greater than the allowable value will be prevented.

REIS,E.E; CHIN,E

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Compensatory mechanisms in fish populations: Literature reviews: Volume 1, Critical evaluation of case histories of fish populations experiencing chronic exploitation or impact: Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study includes case histories of certain fish species which are experiencing chronic perturbations and related literature pertaining to compensation processes. ''Compensation'' has been defined as the ability of fish to offset the population reduction caused by natural or man-induced stresses. Certain compensation methods are widely accepted, and include cannibalism, competition, disease, growth and predation, among others. These compensation methods are examined in relation to each fish species included in the study. Stock-recruit relationships and empirical observations of changes in growth and mortality have been the focus of much of the background on compensation. One of the conclusions drawn from this study is that a significant amount of recruitment variability exists and can be attributed to environmental (rather than compensatory) factors. The stock-recruitment problem appears to be the most significant scientific problem related to compensation in the types of fish included in this study. Results of the most recent studies of the American shad support this theory. Life histories, breeding biology and other pertinent data relating to each species included in the study will be found in the appendices.

Saila, S.B.; Chen, X.; Erzini, K.; Martin, B.

1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

CFD study of hydrodynamic signal perception by fish using the lateral line system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The lateral line system on fish has been found to aid in schooling behavior, courtship communication, active and passive hydrodynamic imaging, and prey detection. The most widely used artificial prey stimulus has been the ...

Rapo, Mark Andrew

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Design, fabrication and testing of a lateral self-cleaning MEMS switch  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A lateral contact MEMS switch has been developed to address the need for a long life cycle, low contact resistance RF switch. At the present time, there is no commercial MEMS switch that meets all the requirements. The ...

Shi, Yong, 1965-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Simulation and fabrication of GaN-based vertical and lateral normally-off power transistors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis is divided in two parts. First, self-consistent electro-thermal simulations have been performed for single finger and multi-finger GaN-based vertical and lateral power transistors and were validated with ...

Zhang, Yuhao, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

The effects of emitter-tied field plates on lateral PNP ionizing radiation response  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Radiation response comparisons of lateral PNP bipolar technologies reveal that device hardening may be achieved by extending the emitter contact over the active base. The emitter-tied field plate suppresses recombination of carriers with interface traps.

Barnaby, H.J.; Schrimpf, R.D.; Cirba, C.R. [Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States); Pease, R.L. [RLP Research, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Fleetwood, D.M. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Kosier, S.L. [VTC Inc., Bloomington, MN (United States)

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Mechanisms of ionizing-radiation-induced gain degradation in lateral PNP BJTs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The physical mechanisms for gain degradation in laterals PNP bipolar transistors are examined experimentally and through simulation. The effect of increased surface recombination velocity at the base surface is moderated by positive oxide charge.

Schmidt, D.M.; Wu, A.; Schrimpf, R.D. [Arizona Univ., Tucson, AZ (United States), Dept. of ECE; Fleetwood, D.M. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Pease, R.L. [RLP Research, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Combs, W.E. [Naval Surface Warfare Center, Crane, IN (United States). Crane Div.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Lateral control of articulated vehicles for automated highway systems under uncertainty in vehicle parameters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Studied in this thesis is the formulation of lateral control algorithms for articulated vehicles performing a lane following maneuver on Automated Highway Systems (AHS). A steering control algorithm using the input/output linearization scheme...

Daud, Omar

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Positively and negatively large Goos-Hänchen lateral displacements from a symmetric gyrotropic slab  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A detailed study on the lateral displacements of a transverse magnetic (TM) wave transmitted and reflected from a symmetric gyrotropic slab is presented. We give the analytic formulas for the transmission coefficient and ...

Wu, Bae-Ian

136

Laboratory investigation of lateral dispersion within dense arrays of randomly distributed cylinders at transitional Reynolds number  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Relative (effective) lateral dispersion of a passive solute was examined at transitional Reynolds numbers within a two-dimensional array of randomly distributed circular cylinders of uniform diameter d. The present work ...

Nepf, Heidi

137

Research paper Lateral line hair cell maturation is a determinant of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research paper Lateral line hair cell maturation is a determinant of aminoglycoside susceptibility online 3 February 2006 Abstract Developmental differences in hair cell susceptibility to aminoglycoside fluorescent vital dye markers to further investigate the determinants of aminoglycoside induced hair cell

Rubel, Edwin

138

New retaining wall design criteria based on lateral earth pressure measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NEW RETAINING WALL DESIGN CRITERIA BASED ON LATERAL EARTH PRESSURE MEASUREMENTS A Thesis by William V. ' Wright Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A & M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 1975 Major Subject: Civil Engineering NEW RETAINING WALL DESIGN CRITERIA BASED ON LATERAL EARTH PRESSURE MEASUREMENTS A thesi s by William V. Wright (Chairman of Commi ttee) (M ber) (Head of Department) 0'( (Member) August 1975...

Wright, William Vincent

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Design of a reconfigurable lateral flight control system for a C-135 aircraft  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1990 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering DESIGN OF A RECONFIGURABLE LATERA. L FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM FOR A C ? 135 AIRCRAFT A Thesis COLIN ANDREW SWANEY Approved as to style and content by: S. Jayasuriya (Chair... and intelligence. These aircraft are equipped with specially designed radar and antennae. The C-135 aircraft has four engines and is similar in configuration to the commercial Boeing 707. A. Lateral Equations of Motion The lateral equations of motion...

Swaney, Colin Andrew

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

On the control of the lateral Casimir force between corrugated surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The general perturbative expression for the lateral Casimir force between two plates covered by longitudinal corrugations of arbitrary shape is obtained. This expression is applicable for corrugation periods larger than the separation distance. The cases of asymmetric corrugations are considered, which allow to increase the maximum to minimum force ratio and affect the character of equilibrium points. This opens new opportunities to control the lateral Casimir forces for use in microelectromechanical devices based entirely on the vacuum fluctuation properties.

E. V. Blagov; G. L. Klimchitskaya; U. Mohideen; V. M. Mostepanenko

2004-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lateral repulsion experienced" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Field tests and new design procedure for laterally loaded drilled shafts in clay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FIELD TESTS AND NEW DESIGN PROCEDURE FOR LATERALLY LOADED DRILLED SHAFTS IN CLAY A Thesis by l1ARK WILLIAM BIERSCHWALE Submitted to ihe Graduate College Texas A8M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE December 1980 Major Subject: Civil Engineering FIELD TESTS AND NEW DESIGN PROCEDURE FOR LATERALLY LOADED DRILLED SHAFTS IN CLAY A Thesis by NARK WILLIAM BIERSCHWALE Approved as to style and content by: Harry M. Coyle - Chairman...

Bierschwale, Mark W.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Proposal and design of a new SiC-emitter lateral NPM Schottky collector bipolar transistor on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proposal and design of a new SiC-emitter lateral NPM Schottky collector bipolar transistor on SOI, a SiC emitter lateral NPM Schottky collector bipolar transistor (SCBT) with a silicon-on-insulator (SOI on simulation results, the authors demonstrate for the first time that the proposed SiC emitter lateral NPM

Kumar, M. Jagadesh

143

The UN Standing Committee on Nutrition (UNSCN) offers a new internship position. Are you interested in experiencing nutrition at a global level while working in Geneva with a dynamic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The UN Standing Committee on Nutrition (UNSCN) offers a new internship position. Are you interested in experiencing nutrition at a global level while working in Geneva with a dynamic and international team related field) who is seeking work experience within the UN system. The main focus of this internship

Mullins, Dyche

144

I strongly urge that the forecasts recognize the high oil prices and gas prices experienced in 2008 and not treat them as an unusual occurrence in the next 20 years. In the long term with cap and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I strongly urge that the forecasts recognize the high oil prices and gas prices experienced in 2008 and the development of carbon capture and storage applied to new coal fired generating stations, gas prices will only go up. Gas from the Rockies will move east as quickly as transport is available. To the extent

145

Flexural support member having a high ratio of lateral-to-axial stiffness  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A convoluted flexible support structure is provided which is capable of supplying a lateral to axial spring rate in excess of 1000 to 1. A support member in the form of a steel disc having a specified number of rather large radius, concentric convolutions and a thickness in the range of from about 0.01 to 0.02 inch has an axial stiffness of about 50 pounds/inch while the lateral stiffness is about 100,000 pounds/inch. The support member may be used to support a vibration device where the lateral motion of the vibrator must be highly restricted while providing relatively free axial displacement of about +-0.25 inch.

Haas, W.M.B.

1983-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

146

Power law scaling of lateral deformations with universal Poissons index for randomly folded thin sheets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the lateral deformations of randomly folded elastoplastic and predominantly plastic thin sheets under the uniaxial and radial compressions. We found that the lateral deformations of cylinders folded from elastoplastic sheets of paper obey a power law behavior with the universal Poissons index nu = 0.17 pm 0.01, which does not depend neither the paper kind and sheet sizes, nor the folding confinement ratio. In contrast to this, the lateral deformations of randomly folded predominantly plastic aluminum foils display the linear dependence on the axial compression with the universal Poissons ratio nu_e = 0.33 pm 0.01. This difference is consistent with the difference in fractal topology of randomly folded elastoplastic and predominantly plastic sheets, which is found to belong to different universality classes. The general form of constitutive stress-deformation relations for randomly folded elastoplastic sheets is suggested.

Alexander S. Balankin; Didier Samayoa Ochoa; Ernesto Pineda Leon; Rolando Cortes Montes de Oca; Antonio Horta Rangel; Miguel Angel Martinez Cruz

2008-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

147

Coupling of lateral grating displacement to the output ports of a diffractive Fabry-Perot cavity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Diffraction gratings have been proposed as core elements in future laser-interferometric gravitational-wave detectors. In this paper, we use a steady-state technique to derive coupling of lateral grating displacement to the output ports of a diffractive Fabry-Perot cavity. By introducing a signal to noise ratio (SNR) for each of the three cavity output ports the magnitude of the noise sidebands originating from lateral grating displacement are compared to the magnitude of a potential gravitational wave signal. For the example of a 3km long Fabry-Perot cavity featuring parameters similar to the planned Advanced Virgo instrument, we found that the forward-reflecting grating port offers the highest SNR at low frequencies. Furthermore, for this example suspension requirements for lateral isolation were computed, and a factor of twenty relaxation at a frequency of 10Hz can be gained over the transmitted port by observing the forward-reflected port.

J. Hallam; S. Chelkowski; A. Freise; S. Hild; B. Barr; K. A. Strain; O. Burmeister; R. Schnabel

2009-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

148

Thermal imaging measurement of lateral diffusivity and non-invasive material defect detection  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system and method for determining lateral thermal diffusivity of a material sample using a heat pulse; a sample oriented within an orthogonal coordinate system; an infrared camera; and a computer that has a digital frame grabber, and data acquisition and processing software. The mathematical model used within the data processing software is capable of determining the lateral thermal diffusivity of a sample of finite boundaries. The system and method may also be used as a nondestructive method for detecting and locating cracks within the material sample.

Sun, Jiangang (Westmont, IL); Deemer, Chris (Downers Grove, IL)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Lateral Stability Analysis of Hypersonic Vehicle under Pressure Fluctuation by Solving Mathieu Differential Equation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lateral Stability Analysis of Hypersonic Vehicle under Pressure Fluctuation by Solving Mathieu's Republic of China Two recent test failures of Hypersonic Technology Vehicle 2 impose a strike in dynamic analysis of hypersonic vehicles. To demonstrate the idea, a hypersonic model is imagined

Huang, Xun

150

Ratchet Effects Induced by Terahertz Radiation in Heterostructures with a Lateral Periodic Potential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ratchet Effects Induced by Terahertz Radiation in Heterostructures with a Lateral Periodic of the Seebeck ratchet effect. The effect is measured in semiconductor heterostructures with a one ratchet effect, we observe a photon helicity dependent response and propose a microscopic mechanism

Ganichev, Sergey

151

Calibration of lateral force measurements in atomic force microscopy with a piezoresistive force sensor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present here a method to calibrate the lateral force in the atomic force microscope. This method makes use of an accurately calibrated force sensor composed of a tipless piezoresistive cantilever and corresponding signal amplifying and processing electronics. Two ways of force loading with different loading points were compared by scanning the top and side edges of the piezoresistive cantilever. Conversion factors between the lateral force and photodiode signal using three types of atomic force microscope cantilevers with rectangular geometries (normal spring constants from 0.092 to 1.24 N/m and lateral stiffness from 10.34 to 101.06 N/m) were measured in experiments using the proposed method. When used properly, this method calibrates the conversion factors that are accurate to {+-}12.4% or better. This standard has less error than the commonly used method based on the cantilever's beam mechanics. Methods such of this allow accurate and direct conversion between lateral forces and photodiode signals without any knowledge of the cantilevers and the laser measuring system.

Xie Hui; Vitard, Julien; Haliyo, Sinan; Regnier, Stephane [Institut des Systemes Intelligents et Robotique (ISIR), Universite Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6/CNRS, 18 Route du Panorama-BP 61, 92265 Fontenay-Aux-Roses (France); Boukallel, Mehdi [Laboratoire de Robotique et Mesorobotique (LRM), CEA, 18 Route du Panorama-BP 61, 92265 Fontenay-Aux-Roses (France)

2008-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

152

Voxel-Based MRI Intensitometry Reveals Extent of Cerebral White Matter Pathology in Amyotrophic Lateral  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is characterized by progressive loss of upper and lower motor neurons voxel-based intensitometry (VBI). High resolution T1-weighted MRI was acquired at 1.5 Tesla in 30 ALS neurodegenerative disease characterized by progressive loss of upper motor neurons (UMN) and lower motor neurons

Gaser, Christian

153

published in 1984 in West Germany and later released in a bilingual Ger-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

published in 1984 in West Germany and later released in a bilingual Ger- man-English edition- grated to West Germany. In her next novel, Reisende auf einem Bein (1989; Traveling on One Leg, 1998 in Romania by starting a new life as an émigré in Germany. In her next novel, Heute wär ich mir lieber nicht

Berry, R. Stephen

154

Behavior of the drain leakage current in metal-induced laterally crystallized thin lm transistors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Behavior of the drain leakage current in metal-induced laterally crystallized thin ®lm transistors crystallized (MILC) thin ®lm transistors (TFTs) are better than solid phase crystallized (SPC) TFTs in many. � 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. Keywords: Thin ®lm transistors; Leakage current

155

Astronomy & Astrophysics manuscript no. Energies December 27, 2004 (DOI: will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

later) Thermal and non­thermal energies of solar flares P. Saint­Hilaire 1,2 and A.O. Benz 1 1 Institute energy of the non­thermal electrons in 14 hard X­ray peaks from 9 medium­sized solar flares have been, Switzerland Received ... / Accepted ... Abstract. The energy of the thermal flare plasma and the kinetic

156

Harvesting for RNA Filtering the cells is the quickest way to collect them for later RNA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Harvesting for RNA Filtering the cells is the quickest way to collect them for later RNA processing shock. The following protocol is intended for ~108 ­1010 cells. If the filtering seems slow, harvest less culture or divide the cells over multiple filters. If you're harvesting less than ~108 cells, you

Dunham, Maitreya

157

Self-Assembly of Microscale Objects at a Liquid/Liquid Interface through Lateral Capillary Forces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Self-Assembly of Microscale Objects at a Liquid/Liquid Interface through Lateral Capillary Forces allowed to self-assemble at the perfluorodecalin/water interface. These plates were fabricated from, the designs of hydrophobic edges necessary to generate menisci useful in self-assembly were different for 100

Prentiss, Mara

158

Mesoscale Self-Assembly of Hexagonal Plates Using Lateral Capillary Forces: Synthesis Using the "Capillary Bond"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mesoscale Self-Assembly of Hexagonal Plates Using Lateral Capillary Forces: Synthesis Using examines self-assembly in a quasi-two-dimensional, mesoscale system. The system studied here involves and hydrophilic faces on the hexagonal plates led to three outcomes: (i) the extension of the strategies of self-assembly

Prentiss, Mara

159

Cyclic Testing of Braces Laterally Restrained by Steel Studs Oguz C. Celik1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of concentrically braced frames with and without cold formed steel stud CFSS infills designed to laterally restrain subject headings: Cyclic tests; Bracing; Studs; Steel frames; Seismic response; Energy dissipation; Cold demonstrated that pipe braces with lower effective slenderness KL/r and diameter- to-wall thickness D/t ratios

Bruneau, Michel

160

Evaluating the Behavior of Laterally Loaded Piles under a Scoured Condition by Model Tests  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and the scour widths were 0 and 667 mm. Two-way loading was the method of applying repeated loads and a safety factor of 2.0 was applied for the ultimate lateral load capacities of the piles calculated using Broms' method. Pile failure was defined when...

Ismael, Omar Khaleel

2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lateral repulsion experienced" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Role of SDF1 chemokine in the development of lateral line efferent and facial motor neurons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Role of SDF1 chemokine in the development of lateral line efferent and facial motor neurons Dora on the SDF1 chemokine. We show that the migration of motor neurons of the facial nucleus from rhombomere 4 to 6 is also affected in sdf1a morphants (embryos injected with morpholine- conjugated antisense

Montpellier II, Université

162

ECOLOGY, EVOLUTION AND ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2011 or later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ECOLOGY, EVOLUTION AND ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2011 or later course other than BIOL 54200 124 Total Credits BIOLOGY: 1. BIOL 12100 Biology I: Diversity, Ecology 28600 Intro. to Ecology and Evolution (2 cr.; spring) or BIOL 29500, Intro. to Evolution & Ecology (2 cr

Jiang, Wen

163

Realizing high-voltage thin film lateral bipolar transistors on SOI with a collector-tub  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Realizing high-voltage thin film lateral bipolar transistors on SOI with a collector-tub Sukhendu-dimensional device simulation to examine the effect of a collector tub on the collector breakdown of the SOI based BJTs. This method involves creating a collector tub by etching the buried oxide followed by an n

Kumar, M. Jagadesh

164

Degree Requirements 2005 and later bulletins Arts and Letters, Science and Social Science Majors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

credit hours math/stat + 12 credit hours Science, 8 of which must have lab or field work (28 credit hours 2005 and later bulletins Name________________________________________________________ID Science ___ 4 credit hours math/stat ___ 12 credit hours Science-w/minimum of 8 credits which must have

165

Estimation of vehicle lateral tire-road forces: a comparison between extended and unscented Kalman filtering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Estimation of vehicle lateral tire-road forces: a comparison between extended and unscented Kalman of accident data reveals that losing the vehicle control is responsible for a huge proportion of car accidents. Preventing such kind of accidents using vehicle control systems, requires certain input data concerning

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

166

Harmonic Content of Strain-induced Potential Modulation in Unidirectional Lateral Superlattices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Harmonic Content of Strain-induced Potential Modulation in Unidirectional Lateral Superlattices from a ¼ 92 to 184 nm. Fourier analysis reveals the second (and the third) harmonics along of corresponding harmonics in the profile of the potential modulation. The harmonics manifest themselves in CO

Katsumoto, Shingo

167

Global Warming Twenty Years Later: Tipping Points Near James Hansen1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global Warming Twenty Years Later: Tipping Points Near James Hansen1 My presentation today is exactly 20 years after my 23 June 1988 testimony to Congress, which alerted the public that global warming has developed between what is understood about global warming by the relevant scientific community

Hansen, James E.

168

Thermal imaging measurement of lateral thermal diffusivity in continuous fiber ceramic composites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Infrared thermal imaging has become a common technique for nondestructive evaluation and measurement of thermal properties in ceramic specimens. Flash thermal imaging can be used to determine two-dimensional through-thickness thermal diffusivity in a planar specimen. In this study, the authors extended the method to determine lateral, or transverse, thermal diffusivity in the specimen. During the flash thermal imaging test, pulsed heat energy is applied to a specimen's back surface, which is partially shielded, and the change of temperature distribution on the front surface is monitored by an infrared thermal imaging system. The temperature distribution represents the effect of both the normal heat transfer through the specimen's thickness and the lateral heat transfer through the interface between the shielded and unshielded back-surface regions. Those temperature distributions are then fitted with a theoretical solution of the heat transfer process to determine the lateral thermal diffusivity at the interface. This technique has been applied to measure lateral thermal diffusivity in a steel plate and a continuous fiber ceramic composite specimen.

Sun, J. G.; Deemer, C.; Ellingson, W. A.

2000-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

169

On Sandstrm's inferences from his tank experiments a hundred years later  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 On Sandström's inferences from his tank experiments ­ a hundred years later Till Kuhlbrodt;2 Abstract In 1908, J.W. Sandström conducted several tank experiments to illustrate oceanic circulations. Such overturning circulations are found in the atmos- phere and in the ocean, and they have been treated in tank

Kuhlbrodt, Till

170

Lateral Stability Analysis of Hypersonic Vehicle under Pressure Fluctuation by Solving Mathieu Differential Equation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two recent test failures of Hypersonic Technology Vehicle 2 impose a strike to the increasingly growing enthusiasm, not only on the United States side. It is important to find out the exact failure reason, otherwise a solution is impossible. In this Note, we propose a potential failure reason from the perspective of lateral stability analysis. We argue that the time variant pressure fluctuations, which are normally omitted in classical aircraft dynamics analysis, could not be neglected in dynamic analysis of hypersonic vehicles. To demonstrate the idea, a hypersonic model is imagined in this work and its aerodynamic parameters are estimated using fundamental fluid principles. Pressure fluctuations are thereafter estimated by an empirical formula. A lateral dynamic equation is set up, taking those time variant fluctuations into account. The resulted equation is a Mathieu differential equation. Numerical solutions of this equation show that the inclusion of fluctuation terms generates more complicated dynamics ...

Wei, Qingkai

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Lateral acoustic wave resonator comprising a suspended membrane of low damping resonator material  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A very high-Q, low insertion loss resonator can be achieved by storing many overtone cycles of a lateral acoustic wave (i.e., Lamb wave) in a lithographically defined suspended membrane comprising a low damping resonator material, such as silicon carbide. The high-Q resonator can sets up a Fabry-Perot cavity in a low-damping resonator material using high-reflectivity acoustic end mirrors, which can comprise phononic crystals. The lateral overtone acoustic wave resonator can be electrically transduced by piezoelectric couplers. The resonator Q can be increased without increasing the impedance or insertion loss by storing many cycles or wavelengths in the high-Q resonator material, with much lower damping than the piezoelectric transducer material.

Olsson, Roy H.; El-Kady; , Ihab F.; Ziaei-Moayyed, Maryam; Branch; , Darren W.; Su; Mehmet F.,; Reinke; Charles M.,

2013-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

172

Laterally Interconnected Self-Organizing Maps in Hand-Written Digit Recognition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An application of laterally interconnected self-organizing maps (LISSOM) to handwritten digit recognition is presented. The lateral connections learn the correlations of activity between units on the map. The resulting excitatory connections focus the activity into local patches and the inhibitory connections decorrelate redundant activity on the map. The map thus forms internal representations that are easy to recognize with e.g. a perceptron network. The recognition rate on a subset of NIST database 3 is 4.0% higher with LISSOM than with a regular Self-Organizing Map (SOM) as the front end, and 15.8% higher than recognition of raw input bitmaps directly. These results form a promising starting point for building pattern recognition systems with a LISSOM map as a front end. 1 Introduction Hand-written digit recognition has become one of the touchstone problems in neural networks recently. Large databases of training examples such as the NIST (National Institute of Standards and Tech...

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Deformability-based red blood cell separation in deterministic lateral displacement devices - a simulation study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show, via three-dimensional immersed-boundary-finite-element-lattice-Boltzmann simulations, that deformability-based red blood cell (RBC) separation in deterministic lateral displacement (DLD) devices is possible. This is due to the deformability-dependent lateral extension of RBCs and enables us to predict a priori which RBCs will be displaced in a given DLD geometry. Several diseases affect the deformability of human cells. Malaria-infected RBCs or sickle cells, for example, tend to become stiffer than their healthy counterparts. It is therefore desirable to design microfluidic devices which can detect those diseases based on the cells' deformability fingerprint, rather than preparing samples using expensive and time-consuming biochemical preparation steps. Our findings should be helpful in the development of new methods for sorting cells and particles by deformability.

Timm Krueger; David Holmes; Peter V. Coveney

2014-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

174

Numerical analysis of the laterally loaded piles in the Kuwait offshore environment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An attempt is made to present an automated analysis of laterally loaded piles using subgrade reaction theory and the P-delta curves governing the soil properties. The finite difference method is applied in establishing the governing equations. The pile response is obtained using the boundary conditions improved by Newtonian method. Results obtained are forces, moments, deflections and soil reactions for various depths of strata in which such piles exist. Based on these results future recommendations are made.

Al-Obaid, Y.F.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Effect of aerodynamic uncertainties on unconventional lateral control at high angle of attack  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EFFECT OF AERODYNAMIC UNCERTAINTIES ON UNCONVENTIONAL LATERAL CONTROL AT HIGH ANGLE OF ATTACK A Thesis by BOB GENSEN ELLER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1987 Major Subject: Aerospace Engineering EFFECT OF AERODYNAMIC UNCERTAINTIES ON UNCONVENTIONAL LATEHAI CONTROL AT HIGH ANGI. E (&F A'I'TACK A Thesis by BOB GENSEN ELLER Approved as to style and content by: Donald T...

Eller, Bob Gensen

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Project W-320 Heel Jet Secondary Catch Mechanism lateral load test  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This test procedure establishes the requirements for performing a lateral load test of the Heel Jet Secondary Catch Mechanism (SCM). Successful performance of this test will demonstrate that the SCM is capable of performing as designed when subjected to a force applied normal to the longitudinal axis of the mechanism. This test procedure is prepared following the recommended format and content guidelines for test procedures as prescribed in WHC-IP-1026, Engineering Practice Guidelines, Appendix K, Test Plans, Specifications, Procedures and Reports.

Bellomy, J.R.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

A calibration method for lateral forces for use with colloidal probe force microscopy cantilevers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A calibration method is described for colloidal probe cantilevers that enables friction force measurements obtained using lateral force microscopy (LFM) to be quantified. The method is an adaptation of the lever method of Feiler et al. [A. Feiler, P. Attard, and I. Larson, Rev. Sci. Instum. 71, 2746 (2000)] and uses the advantageous positioning of probe particles that are usually offset from the central axis of the cantilever. The main sources of error in the calibration method are assessed, in particular, the potential misalignment of the long axis of the cantilever that ideally should be perpendicular to the photodiode detector. When this is not taken into account, the misalignment is shown to have a significant effect on the cantilever torsional stiffness but not on the lateral photodiode sensitivity. Also, because the friction signal is affected by the topography of the substrate, the method presented is valid only against flat substrates. Two types of particles, 20 {mu}m glass beads and UO{sub 3} agglomerates attached to silicon tapping mode cantilevers were used to test the method against substrates including glass, cleaved mica, and UO{sub 2} single crystals. Comparisons with the lateral compliance method of Cain et al. [R. G. Cain, S. Biggs, and N. W. Page, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 227, 55 (2000)] are also made.

Quintanilla, M. A. S.; Goddard, D. T. [Nexia Solutions Ltd., Springfields, Salwick, Preston, Lancashire PR4 0XJ (United Kingdom)

2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

178

Topographic Receptive Fields and Patterned Lateral Interaction in a Self-Organizing Model of The Primary Visual Cortex  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A self-organizing neural network model for the simultaneous and cooperative development of topographic receptive fields and lateral interactions in cortical maps is presented. Both afferent and lateral connections adapt by the same Hebbian mechanism in a purely local and unsupervised learning process. Afferent input weights of each neuron self-organize into hill-shaped profiles, receptive fields organize topographically across the network, and unique lateral interaction profiles develop for each neuron. The model demonstrates how patterned lateral connections develop based on correlated activity, and explains why lateral connection patterns closely follow receptive field properties such as ocular dominance. 1 Introduction The response properties of neurons in many sensory cortical areas are ordered topographically, that is, nearby neurons respond to nearby areas of the receptor surface. Such topographic maps form by the self-organization of afferent connections to the cortex, driven b...

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Coke battery with 51-m{sup 3} furnace chambers and lateral supply of mixed gas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The basic approaches employed in the construction of coke battery 11A at OAO Magnitogorskii Metallurgicheskii Kombinat are outlined. This battery includes 51.0-m{sup 3} furnaces and a dust-free coke-supply system designed by Giprokoks with lateral gas supply; it is heated exclusively by low-calorific mixed gas consisting of blast-furnace gas with added coke-oven gas. The 82 furnaces in the coke battery are divided into two blocks of 41. The gross coke output of the battery (6% moisture content) is 1140000 t/yr.

V.I. Rudyka; N.Y. Chebotarev; O.N. Surenskii; V.V. Derevich [Giprokoks, the State Institute for the Design of Coke-Industry Enterprises, Kharkov (Ukraine)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

180

Imaging of lateral spin valves with soft x-ray microscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigated Co/Cu lateral spin valves by means of high-resolution transmission soft x-ray microscopy with magnetic contrast that utilizes x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD). No magnetic XMCD contrast was observed at the Cu L{sub 3} absorption edge, which should directly image the spin accumulation in Cu. Although electrical transport measurements in a non-local geometry clearly detected the spin accumulation in Cu, which remained unchanged during illumination with circular polarized x-rays at the Co and Cu L{sub 3} absorption edges.

Mosendz, O.; Mihajlovic, G.; Pearson, J. E.; Fischer, P.; Im, M.-Y.; Bader, S. D.; Hoffmann, A.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lateral repulsion experienced" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Imaging of lateral spin valves with soft x-ray microscopy.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigated Co/Cu lateral spin valves by means of high-resolution transmission soft x-ray microscopy with magnetic contrast that utilizes x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD). No magnetic XMCD contrast was observed at the Cu L{sub 3} absorption edge, which should directly image the spin accumulation in Cu, although electrical transport measurements in a nonlocal geometry clearly detected the spin accumulation in Cu, which remained unchanged during illumination with circular polarized x rays at the Co and Cu L{sub 3} absorption edges.

Mosendz, O.; Mihajlovic, G.; Pearson, J. E.; Fischer, P.; Im, M.-Y.; Bader, S. D.; Hoffmann, A.; LBNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Characterization of spin pumping effect in Permalloy/Cu/Pt microfabricated lateral devices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We studied ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) for microfabricated lateral devices consisting of a Permalloy (Py) rectangular element and a Pt nano-element bridged by a Cu wire, which were located on a coplanar waveguide. A change in the resonance linewidth (?f) was observed in the FMR spectra when the distance between Py and Pt (d) was varied. For devices with d?

Yamamoto, Tatsuya, E-mail: tyamamoto@imr.tohoku.ac.jp; Seki, Takeshi; Takanashi, Koki [Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Ono, Shimpei [Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, Tokyo 201-8511 (Japan)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

183

Fundamental optical properties of InN grown by epitaxial lateral overgrowth method  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Optical properties of InN grown by the epitaxial lateral overgrowth (ELO) method have been studied using photoluminescence (PL) and excitation-correlation (EC) measurements. The PL spectrum is analyzed by free-electron recombination band (FERB) model, which shows that the ELO sample has a very low background carrier concentration (n=5.5*10{sup 16}[cm{sup ?3]}). EC measurements show that the dependences of the band gap renormalization and Auger effect on the carrier concentrations are similar in spite of the different physical origins.

Kametani, Tatsuma; Kamimura, Jumpei; Inose, Yuta; Kunugita, Hideyuki; Kikuchi, Akihiko; Kishino, Katsumi; Ema, Kazuhiro [Department of Engineering and Applied Science, Sophia University, 7-1 Kioi-cho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-8554 (Japan)

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

184

Pre-synaptic Lateral Inhibition Provides a Better Architecture for Self-Organising Neural Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Unsupervised learning is an important property of the brain and of many artificial neural networks. A large variety of unsupervised learning algorithms have been proposed. This paper takes a different approach in considering the architecture of the neural network rather than the learning algorithm. It is shown that a self-organising neural network architecture using pre-synaptic lateral inhibition enables a single learning algorithm to find distributed, local, and topological representations as appropriate to the structure of the input data received. It is argued that such an architecture not only has computational advantages but is a better model of cortical self-organisation.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Presentation of a modified design equation for sizing lateral spillway channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of NASTER OF SCIENCE August 1989 Major Subject: Civil Engineering PRESENTATION OF A MODIFIED DESIGN EQUATION FOR SIZING LATERAL SPILLWAY CHANNELS A Thesis by FRANK GERRARD PAYNE Approved as to style and content by: m D. nolds (Chair of C mittee... in Equation [4-1]. A device was constructed in the Texas A&N University Civil Engineering shop for measuring depth of flow in the clarifier launder. This device is illustrated in Figure 4-2 on the following page. The base of the device was placed...

Payne, Frank Gerrard

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Field measurements of lateral earth pressures on a pre-cast panel retaining wall  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF SCIENCE August 1973 Major Subject: Civil Engineering FIELD MEASUREMENTS OF LATERAL EARTH PRESSURES ON A PRE-CAST PANEL RETAINING WALL A Thesis by DAVID MONROE PRESCOTT Approved as to sty1e and content by: Chai man o Co ttee~ ember ead of Departm... in Appendix I. (The style and format of this thesis follows that used by the Journal of the Soil Mechanics and Foundations Division, Procee ings, of t e American Society of Civil Engineers result of some large scale earth pressure tests at Massachusetts...

Prescott, David Monroe

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Laterally self-ordered silicon-germanium islands with optimized confinement properties  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present an analysis of the electronic confinement properties of self-assembled islands forming via silicon and germanium co-deposition in molecular beam epitaxy. This approach allows the fabrication of laterally self-ordered three dimensional islands in the Stranski-Krastanow growth mode. Using a systematic structural analysis, we derive a realistic fit-parameter free island model for band structure simulations. A comparison between these band structure simulations and photoluminescence spectroscopy shows that such islands have a significant three dimensional spatial electron-hole wave function overlap. In addition, we show that this spatial wave function overlap overcompensates a weak wave function spreading in k-space.

Zabel, Thomas; Sircar, Narayan [Walter Schottky Institut and Physik Department, Technische Universität München, Am Coulombwall 4, D-85748 Garching (Germany) [Walter Schottky Institut and Physik Department, Technische Universität München, Am Coulombwall 4, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Institut für Experimentelle und Angewandte Physik, Universität Regensburg, D-93040 Regensburg (Germany); Hauke, Norman; Kaniber, Michael; Finley, Jonathan J. [Walter Schottky Institut and Physik Department, Technische Universität München, Am Coulombwall 4, D-85748 Garching (Germany)] [Walter Schottky Institut and Physik Department, Technische Universität München, Am Coulombwall 4, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Zweck, Josef; Bougeard, Dominique [Institut für Experimentelle und Angewandte Physik, Universität Regensburg, D-93040 Regensburg (Germany)] [Institut für Experimentelle und Angewandte Physik, Universität Regensburg, D-93040 Regensburg (Germany); Döblinger, Markus [Department of Chemistry, Ludwig Maximilian Universität München, D-81377 Munich (Germany)] [Department of Chemistry, Ludwig Maximilian Universität München, D-81377 Munich (Germany); Abstreiter, Gerhard [Walter Schottky Institut and Physik Department, Technische Universität München, Am Coulombwall 4, D-85748 Garching (Germany) [Walter Schottky Institut and Physik Department, Technische Universität München, Am Coulombwall 4, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Institute for Advanced Study, Technische Universität München, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Arakawa, Yasuhiko [Institute for Advanced Study, Technische Universität München, D-85748 Garching (Germany) [Institute for Advanced Study, Technische Universität München, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Institute of Industrial Science, Institute for Nano Quantum Information Electronics, The University of Tokyo, 4-6-1 Komaba, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153-8505 (Japan)

2013-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

188

Soil parameters required to simulate the dynamic lateral response of model piles in sand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

), Eq. (3) becomes invalid since it does not account for plastic behavior of the soil. A method of considering plastic soil behavior by modifying Eq. (3) is discussed in detail in a later section. The soil damping factor, J, has been investigated..., a distribution of kh with depth was obtained. It should be noted that each kh value, as evaluated in the above manner, is a soil property independent of the pile diameter but dependent on depth. This of course does not account for any...

Wright, David Allen

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

189

240 Jobs Later: The Recovery Act's Impact at the Paducah Site |  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power Systems EngineeringDepartment of Energy 40 Jobs Later: The Recovery Act's Impact at the

190

Lateral Drilling and Completion Technologies for Shallow-Shelf Carbonates of the Red River and Ratcliffe Formations, Williston Basin  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Luff Exploration Company (LEC) focused on involvement in technologies being developed utilizing horizontal drilling concepts to enhance oil- well productivity starting in 1992. Initial efforts were directed toward high-pressure lateral jetting techniques to be applied in existing vertical wells. After involvement in several failed field attempts with jetting technologies, emphasis shifted to application of emerging technologies for drilling short-radius laterals in existing wellbores and medium-radius technologies in new wells. These lateral drilling technologies were applied in the Mississippi Ratcliffe and Ordovician Red River formations at depths of 2590 to 2890 m (8500 to 9500 ft) in Richland Co., MT; Bowman Co., ND; and Harding Co., SD.

David Gibbons; Larry A. Carrell; Richard D. George

1997-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

191

Breast radiotherapy in the lateral decubitus position: A technique to prevent lung and heart irradiation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To present an original technique for breast radiotherapy, with the aim of limiting lung and heart irradiation, satisfying quality assurance criteria. Methods and Material: An original radiotherapy technique for breast irradiation has been developed at the Institute Curie in January 1996. It consists of isocentric breast irradiation in the lateral decubitus position (isocentric lateral decubitus [ILD]). This technique is indicated for voluminous or pendulous breasts needing breast irradiation only. Thin carbon fiber supports and special patient positioning devices have been developed especially for this technique. In vivo measurements were performed to check the dose distribution before the routine use of the technique. Results: ILD has been successfully implemented in routine practice, and 500 patients have been already treated. Breast radiotherapy is performed using a dose of 50 Gy at ICRU point in 25 fractions. ILD shows good homogeneity of the dose in breast treatment volume, treatment fields are perpendicular to the skin ensuring its protection, and extremely low dose is delivered to the underlying lung and heart. Conclusion: In cases of voluminous breasts or patients with a history of lung and heart disease, our technique provides several advantages over the conventional technique with opposing tangential fields. This technique improves the dose homogeneity according to the ICRU recommendations.

Campana, Francois [Department of Radiation Oncology, Institute Curie, Paris (France)]. E-mail: francois.campana@curie.net; Kirova, Youlia M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Institute Curie, Paris (France); Rosenwald, Jean-Claude [Department of Radiation Oncology, Institute Curie, Paris (France); Dendale, Remi [Department of Radiation Oncology, Institute Curie, Paris (France); Vilcoq, Jacques R. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Institute Curie, Paris (France); Dreyfus, Helene [Department of Radiation Oncology, Institute Curie, Paris (France); Fourquet, Alain [Department of Radiation Oncology, Institute Curie, Paris (France)

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Nanoair-bridged lateral overgrowth of GaN on ordered nanoporous GaN template  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the growth of high-quality GaN epilayers on an ordered nanoporous GaN template by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition. The nanopores in GaN template were created by inductively coupled plasma etching using anodic aluminum oxide film as an etch mask. The average pore diameter and interpore distance is about 65 and 110 nm, respectively. Subsequent overgrowth of GaN first begins at the GaN crystallite surface between the pores, and then air-bridge-mediated lateral overgrowth leads to the formation of the continuous layer. Microphotoluminescence and micro-Raman measurements show improved optical properties and significant strain relaxation in the overgrown layer when compared to GaN layer of same thickness simultaneously grown on sapphire without any template. Similar to conventional epitaxial lateral overgrown GaN, such overgrown GaN on a nanopatterned surface would also serve as a template for the growth of ultraviolet-visible light-emitting III-nitride devices.

Wang, Y.D.; Zang, K.Y.; Chua, S.J.; Tripathy, S.; Chen, P.; Fonstad, C.G. [Singapore-MIT Alliance, E4-04-10, 4 Engineering Drive 3, Singapore 117576 (Singapore) and Centre for Optoelectronics, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National University of Singapore, 2 Engineering Drive 3, Singapore 117576 (Singapore); Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, 3 Research Link, Singapore 117602 (Singapore); Department of Electrical and Computer Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)

2005-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

193

Lateral Expansion of the Bridges of Cygnus A and other Powerful Radio Sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurements of the width of the radio bridge at several locations along the bridge for each of four powerful extended radio sources are presented. Adopting a few simple assumptions, these measurements may be used to predict the radio surface brightness as a function of position across the radio bridge. The predicted and observed surface brightnesses across the bridges are compared and found to agree fairly well. The results are consistent with a simple picture in which the radio power and size of the radio lobe at the forward edge of the radio bridge are roughly time-independent for a given source, and the expansion of the bridge in the lateral direction is adiabatic. There is no indication that reacceleration or energy transport is important in the bridges of these sources. The rate of lateral expansion of the bridge just behind the radio lobe and hotspot in terms of the rate of forward propagation is compared with that predicted, and found to be in good agreement with the predicted value.

Greg F. Wellman; Ruth A. Daly

1995-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

194

Resonant electromagnetic emission from intrinsic Josephson-junction stacks with laterally modulated Josephson critical current.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Intrinsic Josephson-junction stacks realized in mesas fabricated out of high-temperature superconductors may be used as sources of coherent electromagnetic radiation in the terahertz range. The major challenge is to synchronize Josephson oscillations in all junctions in the stack to get significant radiation out of the crystal edge parallel to the c axis. We suggest a simple way to solve this problem via artificially prepared lateral modulation of the Josephson critical current identical in all junctions. In such a stack, phase oscillations excite the in-phase Fiske mode when the Josephson frequency matches the Fiske-resonance frequency which is set by the stack lateral size. The powerful, almost standing electromagnetic wave is excited inside the crystal in the resonance. This wave is homogeneous across the layers, meaning that the oscillations are synchronized in all junctions in the stack. We evaluate behavior of the I-V characteristics and radiated power near the resonance for arbitrary modulation and find exact solutions for several special cases corresponding to symmetric and asymmetric modulations of the critical current.

Koshelev, A. E.; Bulaevskii, L. N.; Materials Science Division; LANL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Comparison of three methods for control of postoperative pain in dogs after total ear canal ablation with lateral bulla osteotomy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This prospective study compared three methods of postoperative pain control in dogs undergoing total ear canal ablation with lateral bulla osteotomy. The hypothesis was that systemic opioids in conjunction with preoperative local nerve blocks would...

Buback, Janice Lynelle

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

196

Bull. Soc. gol. Fr., 2008, no The Rio Bravo fault, a major late Oligocene left-lateral shear zone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Upper Cretaceous sequence, are both tightly folded before 30 Ma. We think this folding is associated by gravimetric data and the offsets the Palaeocene-Eocene oil fields that are displaced left laterally. We

Husson, Laurent

197

Ocular dominance and patterned lateral connections in a self-organizing model of the primary visual cortex  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A neural network model for the self-organization of ocular dominance and lateral connections from binocular input is presented. The self-organizing process results in a network where (1) afferent weights of each neuron organize into smooth hill-shaped receptive fields primarily on one of the retinas, (2) neurons with common eye preference form connected, intertwined patches, and (3) lateral connections primarily link regions of the same eye preference. Similar self-organization of cortical structures has been observed experimentally in strabismic kittens. The model shows how patterned lateral connections in the cortex may develop based on correlated activity and explains why lateral connection patterns follow receptive field properties such as ocular dominance. 1

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Lateral Flow Capillary Concentration for Rapid Bacterial Identification Aaron V. Mull, Dr. Kent Voorhees, Dr. Christopher Cox  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lateral Flow Capillary Concentration for Rapid Bacterial Identification Aaron V. Mull, Dr. Kent 80401 Introduc)on Materials and Methods Abstract Future Work Acknowledgments Immunoassay Design and Spectra Results Eliminate false positives and false negatives

199

Dormancy and spring burst of lateral buds on stems of low-pruned mulberry (Morus alba L.)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

decapitation, lateral shoot growth of mulberry coppice (Morus alba L.) from low-pruned stumps has an extremely (in early March). The dominant coppice shoots were allowed to grow from 1986 through 1987 and used

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

200

Superharmonic nonlinear lateral vibrations of a segmented driveline incorporating a tuned damper excited by non-constant velocity joints  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SUPERHARMONIC NONLINEAR LATERAL VIBRATIONS OF A SEGMENTED DRIVELINE INCORPORATING A TUNED DAMPER EXCITED BY NON-CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS A Dissertation by MICHAEL SCOTT BROWNE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies... of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY May 2009 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering SUPERHARMONIC NONLINEAR LATERAL VIBRATIONS OF A SEGMENTED DRIVELINE INCORPORATING A...

Browne, Michael

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lateral repulsion experienced" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

LATERALLY PROPAGATING DETONATIONS IN THIN HELIUM LAYERS ON ACCRETING WHITE DWARFS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Theoretical work has shown that intermediate mass (0.01 M{sub Sun} < M{sub He} < 0.1 M{sub Sun }) helium shells will unstably ignite on the accreting white dwarf (WD) in an AM CVn binary. For more massive (M > 0.8 M{sub Sun }) WDs, these helium shells can be dense enough (>5 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 5} g cm{sup -3}) that the convectively burning region runs away on a timescale comparable to the sound travel time across the shell, raising the possibility for an explosive outcome rather than an Eddington limited helium novae. The nature of the explosion (i.e., deflagration or detonation) remains ambiguous, is certainly density dependent, and likely breaks spherical symmetry. In the case of detonation, this causes a laterally propagating front whose properties in these geometrically thin and low-density shells we begin to study here. Our calculations show that the radial expansion time of <0.1 s leads to incomplete helium burning, in agreement with recent work by Sim and collaborators, but that the nuclear energy released is still adequate to realize a self-sustaining laterally propagating detonation. These detonations are slower than the Chapman-Jouguet speed of 1.5 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 9} cm s{sup -1}, but still fast enough at 0.9 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 9} cm s{sup -1} to go around the star prior to the transit through the star of the inwardly propagating weak shock. Our simulations resolve the subsonic region behind the reaction front in the detonation wave. The two-dimensional nucleosynthesis is shown to be consistent with a truncated one-dimensional Zeldovich-von Neumann-Doering calculation at the slower detonation speed. The ashes from the lateral detonation are typically He rich, and consist of predominantly {sup 44}Ti, {sup 48}Cr, along with a small amount of {sup 52}Fe, with very little {sup 56}Ni and with significant {sup 40}Ca in carbon-enriched layers. If this helium detonation results in a Type Ia supernova, its spectral signatures would appear for the first few days after explosion.

Townsley, Dean M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487-0324 (United States); Moore, Kevin; Bildsten, Lars, E-mail: Dean.M.Townsley@ua.edu [Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106-9530 (United States)

2012-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

202

2D-simulation and analysis of lateral SiC N-emitter SiGe P-base Schottky metal-collector (NPM) HBT on SOI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2D-simulation and analysis of lateral SiC N-emitter SiGe P-base Schottky metal-collector (NPM) HBT metal-collector NPM HBT on SOI. The proposed lateral NPM HBT performance has been evaluated in detail silicon NPM BJT structures. Based on our simu- lation results, it is observed that while both the lateral

Kumar, M. Jagadesh

203

Lateral distribution and the energy determination of showers along the ankle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The normalization constant of the lateral distribution function (LDF) of an extensive air shower is a monotonous (almost linear) increasing function of the energy of the primary. Therefore, the interpolated signal at some fixed distance from the core can be calibrated to estimate the energy of the shower. There is, somehow surprisingly, a reconstructed optimal distance, r_{opt}, at which the effects on the inferred signal, S(r_{opt}), of the uncertainties on true core location, LDF functional form and shower-to-shower fluctuations are minimized. We calculate the value of r_{opt} as a function of surface detector separation, energy and zenith angle and we demonstrate the advantage of using the r_{opt} value of each individual shower instead of a same fixed distance for every shower, specially in dealing with events with saturated stations. The effects on the determined spectrum are also shown.

G. Ros; G. A. Medina-Tanco; C. De Donato; L. del Peral; D. Rodríguez-Frías; J. C. D'Olivo; J. F. Valdés-Galicia; F. Arqueros; .

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Lateral distribution and the energy determination of showers along the ankle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The normalization constant of the lateral distribution function (LDF) of an extensive air shower is a monotonous (almost linear) increasing function of the energy of the primary. Therefore, the interpolated signal at some fixed distance from the core can be calibrated to estimate the energy of the shower. There is, somehow surprisingly, a reconstructed optimal distance, r_{opt}, at which the effects on the inferred signal, S(r_{opt}), of the uncertainties on true core location, LDF functional form and shower-to-shower fluctuations are minimized. We calculate the value of r_{opt} as a function of surface detector separation, energy and zenith angle and we demonstrate the advantage of using the r_{opt} value of each individual shower instead of a same fixed distance for every shower, specially in dealing with events with saturated stations. The effects on the determined spectrum are also shown.

Ros, G; De Donato, C; Del Peral, L; Rodríguez-Frías, D; D'Olivo, J C; Valdés-Galicia, J F; Arqueros, F

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Lateral diffusion of receptor-ligand bonds in membrane adhesion zones: Effect of thermal membrane roughness  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The adhesion of cells is mediated by membrane receptors that bind to complementary ligands in apposing cell membranes. It is generally assumed that the lateral diffusion of mobile receptor-ligand bonds in membrane-membrane adhesion zones is slower than the diffusion of unbound receptors and ligands. We find that this slowing down is not only caused by the larger size of the bound receptor-ligand complexes, but also by thermal fluctuations of the membrane shape. We model two adhering membranes as elastic sheets pinned together by receptor-ligand bonds and study the diffusion of the bonds using Monte Carlo simulations. In our model, the fluctuations reduce the bond diffusion constant in planar membranes by a factor close to 2 in the biologically relevant regime of small bond concentrations.

H. Krobath; G. J. Schuetz; R. Lipowsky; T. R. Weikl

2007-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

206

Thermal engineering of non-local resistance in lateral spin valves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the non-local spin transport in Permalloy/Cu lateral spin valves (LSVs) fabricated on thermally oxidized Si and MgO substrates. While these LSVs show the same magnitude of spin signals, significant substrate dependence of the baseline resistance was observed. The baseline resistance shows much weaker dependence on the inter-electrode distance than that of the spin transport observed in the Cu wires. A simple analysis of voltage-current characteristics in the baseline resistance indicates the observed result can be explained by a combination of the Peltier and Seebeck effects at the injector and detector junctions, suggesting the usage of high thermal conductivity substrate (or under-layer) is effective to reduce the baseline resistance.

Kasai, S., E-mail: KASAI.Shinya@nims.go.jp; Takahashi, Y. K. [National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), 1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba 305-0047 (Japan); Hirayama, S.; Mitani, S.; Hono, K. [National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), 1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba 305-0047 (Japan); Graduate School of Pure and Applied Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba 305-0006 (Japan); Adachi, H.; Ieda, J.; Maekawa, S. [Advanced Science Research Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai 319-1195 (Japan); CREST, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Sanbancho, Tokyo 102-0075 (Japan)

2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

207

A Unified Neural Network Model for the Self-organization of Topographic Receptive Fields and Lateral Interaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A self-organizing neural network model for the simultaneous development of topographic receptive fields and lateral interactions in cortical maps is presented. Both afferent and lateral connections adapt by the same Hebbian mechanism in a purely local and unsupervised learning process. Afferent input weights of each neuron self-organize into hill-shaped profiles, receptive fields organize topographically across the network, and unique lateral interaction profiles develop for each neuron. The resulting self-organized structure remains in a dynamic and continuously-adapting equilibrium with the input. The model can be seen as a generalization of previous self-organizing models of the visual cortex, and provides a general computational framework for experiments on receptive field development and cortical plasticity. The model also serves to point out general limits on activity-dependent self-organization: when multiple inputs are presented simultaneously, the receptive field centers need ...

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Self-Organization and Functional Role of Lateral Connections and Multisize Receptive Fields in the Primary Visual Cortex  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cells in the visual cortex are selective not only to ocular dominance and orientation of the input, but also to its size and spatial frequency. The simulations reported in this paper show how size selectivity could develop through Hebbian self-organization, and how receptive fields of different sizes could organize into columns like those for orientation and ocular dominance. The lateral connections in the network self-organize cooperatively and simultaneously with the receptive field sizes, and produce patterns of lateral connectivity that closely follow the receptive field organization. Together with our previous work on ocular dominance and orientation selectivity, these results suggest that a single Hebbian self-organizing process can give rise to all the major receptive field properties in the visual cortex, and also to structured patterns of lateral interactions, some of which have been verified experimentally and others predicted by the model. The model also suggests a functiona...

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Investigation of the spontaneous lateral modulation in short-period superlattices by grazing-incidence x-ray diffraction.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The process of spontaneous lateral composition modulation in short-period InAs/AlAs superlattices has been investigated by grazing-incidence x-ray diffraction. We have developed a theoretical description of x-ray scattering from laterally modulated structures that makes it possible to determine the lateral composition modulation directly without assuming any structure model. From experimental intensity distributions in reciprocal space we have determined the amplitudes of the modulation and its degree of periodicity and their dependence on the number of superlattice periods. From the data it follows that the modulation process cannot be explained by bunching of monolayer steps and most likely, it is caused by stress-driven morphological instabilities of the growing surface.

Moss, Simon C. (University of Houston, Houston, TX); Holy, Vaclav (Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic); Reno, John Louis; Krause, B. (ESRF, Grenoble, France); Norman, Andrew G. (National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO); Mikulik, P. (Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic); Caha, O. (Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic); Mascarenhas, Angelo (National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO)

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Monte Carlo and Analytical Calculation of Lateral Deflection of Proton Beams in Homogeneous Targets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Proton radiation therapy is a precise form of radiation therapy, but the avoidance of damage to critical normal tissues and the prevention of geographical tumor misses require accurate knowledge of the dose delivered to the patient and the verification of his position demand a precise imaging technique. In proton therapy facilities, the X-ray Computed Tomography (xCT) is the preferred technique for the planning treatment of patients. This situation has been changing nowadays with the development of proton accelerators for health care and the increase in the number of treated patients. In fact, protons could be more efficient than xCT for this task. One essential difficulty in pCT image reconstruction systems came from the scattering of the protons inside the target due to the numerous small-angle deflections by nuclear Coulomb fields. The purpose of this study is the comparison of an analytical formulation for the determination of beam lateral deflection, based on Moliere's theory and Rutherford scattering with Monte Carlo calculations by SRIM 2008 and MCNPX codes.

Pazianotto, Mauricio T.; Inocente, Guilherme F.; Silva, Danilo Anacleto A. d; Hormaza, Joel M. [Departamento de Fisica e Biofisica-Instituto de Biociencias, Universidade Estadual Paulista 'Julio de Mesquita Filho'-Botucatu-SP, Brasil and Distrito de Rubiao Junior s/no 18608-000 Botucatu, SP (Brazil)

2010-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

211

Radiation-induced gain degradation in lateral PNP BJTs with lightly and heavily doped emitters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ionizing radiation may cause failures in ICs due to gain degradation of individual devices. The base current of irradiated bipolar devices increases with total dose, while the collector current remains relatively constant. This results in a decrease in the current gain. Lateral PNP (LPNP) transistors typically exhibit more degradation than vertical PNP devices at the same total dose, and have been blamed as the cause of early IC failures at low dose rates. It is important to understand the differences in total-dose response between devices with heavily- and lightly-doped emitters in order to compare different technologies and evaluate the applicability of proposed low-dose-rate hardness-assurance methods. This paper addresses these differences by comparing two different LPNP devices from the same process: one with a heavily-doped emitter and one with a lightly-doped emitter. Experimental results demonstrate that the lightly-doped devices are more sensitive to ionizing radiation and simulations illustrate that increased recombination on the emitter side of the junction is responsible for the higher sensitivity.

Wu, A. [Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States); Schrimpf, R.D. [Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States); Pease, R.L. [RLP Research, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Fleetwood, D.M. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Kosier, S.L. [VTC Inc., Bloomington, MN (United States)

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Standard practice for measuring the ultrasonic velocity in polyethylene tank walls using lateral longitudinal (LCR) waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1.1 This practice covers a procedure for measuring the ultrasonic velocities in the outer wall of polyethylene storage tanks. An angle beam lateral longitudinal (LCR) wave is excited with wedges along a circumferential chord of the tank wall. A digital ultrasonic flaw detector is used with sending-receiving search units in through transmission mode. The observed velocity is temperature corrected and compared to the expected velocity for a new, unexposed sample of material which is the same as the material being evaluated. The difference between the observed and temperature corrected velocities determines the degree of UV exposure of the tank. 1.2 The practice is intended for application to the outer surfaces of the wall of polyethylene tanks. Degradation typically occurs in an outer layer approximately 3.2-mm (0.125-in.) thick. Since the technique does not interrogate the inside wall of the tank, wall thickness is not a consideration other than to be aware of possible guided (Lamb) wave effects or reflection...

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Electrokinetically-driven deterministic lateral displacement for particle separation in microfluidic devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An electrokinetically-driven deterministic lateral displacement (e-DLD) device is proposed for the continuous, two-dimensional fractionation of suspensions in microfluidic platforms. The suspended species are driven through an array of regularly spaced cylindrical posts by applying an electric field across the device. We explore the entire range of orientations of the driving field with respect to the array of obstacles and show that, at specific forcing-angles, particles of different size migrate in different directions, thus enabling continuous, two-dimensional separation. We discuss a number of features observed in the kinetics of the particles, including directional locking and sharp transitions between migration angles upon variations in the direction of the force, that are advantageous for high-resolution two-dimensional separation. A simple model based on individual particle-obstacle interactions accurately describes the migration angle of the particles depending on the orientation of the driving field, and can be used to re-configure driving field depending on the composition of the samples.

Srinivas Hanasoge; Raghavendra Devendra; Javier F. Diez; German Drazer

2014-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

214

A mass, energy, vorticity, and potential enstrophy conserving lateral fluidland boundary scheme for the shallow water equations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A mass, energy, vorticity, and potential enstrophy conserving lateral fluid­land boundary scheme conditions Conservation Energy Vorticity Potential enstrophy a b s t r a c t A numerical scheme for treating. Introduction The use of energy, enstrophy, and/or potential enstrophy conserving numerical schemes

Ketefian, Gerard

215

A mass, energy, vorticity, and potential enstrophy conserving lateral boundary scheme for the shallow water equations using piecewise  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A mass, energy, vorticity, and potential enstrophy conserving lateral boundary scheme water equations Conservation Energy Potential enstrophy Accuracy a b s t r a c t A numerical scheme profiles with piecewise linear segments (shaved cells) while conserving the domain-summed mass, energy

Ketefian, Gerard

216

Accuracy of first-principles lateral interactions: Oxygen at Pd(100) Yongsheng Zhang, Volker Blum, and Karsten Reuter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a first-principles lattice-gas Hamiltonian LGH approach to determine the lateral interactions between O the finite LGH expansion and from the approximate exchange-correlation xc functional underlying the em assumption that the ordering energies can be represented by a sum of pair terms. Restricting our LGH

217

Normal and lateral Casimir interactions between semi-infinite conductors in the presence of a dispersive medium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Path-integral formalism is employed to study normal and lateral Casimir interactions in a system composed of a dispersive medium surrounded by two semi-infinite ideal conductors. The dispersive medium is modeled by a continuum of harmonic oscillators, and it is shown that for smooth conductors, the normal force at small distances in the presence of a dispersive medium coincides with the original Casimir force, while at large distances, it tends to the original form with a renormalized coefficient. The correction to the normal force because of the roughness on one of the conductors is calculated. When the inner surfaces of both conductors have roughness, the lateral Casimir interaction occurs because of translational symmetry breaking, which is studied. It is shown that both normal and lateral Casimir forces in the presence of a dispersive medium are weaker in comparison with the original one and are proportional to the roughness amplitude squared. The dependence of the normal and lateral interactions on the memory and strength of the dispersive medium is considered.

Soltani, Morteza; Sarabadani, Jalal; Kheirandish, Fardin; Rabbani, Hasan [Department of Physics, University of Isfahan, Isfahan 81746 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Shahrkurd, Shahrkurd 88186 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

218

Functional Analysis of Genes Implicated in Down Syndrome: 2. Laterality and Corpus Callosum Size in Mice Transpolygenic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Functional Analysis of Genes Implicated in Down Syndrome: 2. Laterality and Corpus Callosum Size in Mice Transpolygenic for Down Syndrome Chromosomal Region )1 (DCR-1) Pierre L. Roubertoux,1,3,7 Zoe in Down syndrome (DS). We investigated common genetic correlates of these components of the syndrome

Smith, Desmond J.

219

(DOI: will be inserted by hand later) A regularization approach for the analysis of RHESSI X-ray  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and acceptance should be inserted later Abstract. The Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI for the bremsstrahlung cross-section. Key words. solar flares ­ X-rays ­ inverse problems ­ regularization 1. Introduction RHESSI (Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopy Imager) is an imaging spectroscope providing two

Piana, Michele

220

Patient-specific hemodynamic performance of Fontan conversion templates: Lateral tunnel vs. intra-atrial with fenestration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Results: Power loss inside the lateral tunnel Fontan appeared significantly higher than the intra-averaged power loss for both Fontan connections. Flow-structures within the intra-atrial conduit were notability connections: LT-to-IAC Fontan conversion resulted better hemodynamics with less power loss, pressure gradient

Pekkan, Kerem

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lateral repulsion experienced" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

[49] INTERSUBUNIT MEASUREMENTS BY NEUTRON SCATTERING 629 ribosomal 30 S subparticle in its lateral view. The amount of the particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

[49] INTERSUBUNIT MEASUREMENTS BY NEUTRON SCATTERING 629 ribosomal 30 S subparticle in its lateral Neutron Scattering By PETER B. MOOREand DONALDM. ENGELMAN Several years ago we suggested that neutron.28 " The scattering lengths are taken from G. E. Bacon, "Neutron Scattering." Oxford Univ. Press (Clarendon

222

1070 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRON DEVICES, VOL. 49, NO. 6, JUNE 2002 A New Lateral PNM Schottky Collector Bipolar Transistor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Collector Bipolar Transistor (SCBT) on SOI for Nonsaturating VLSI Logic Design M. Jagadesh Kumar and D. The collector-base junction of the proposed lateral PNM transistor consists of a Schottky junction between n PNM, numerical simulation, Schottky collector, silicon-on-insulator (SOI). I. INTRODUCTION Because

Kumar, M. Jagadesh

223

Demonology in Ancient Egypt History and Developments during the Later Phases of Pharaonic History and the Greco-Roman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Demonology in Ancient Egypt History and Developments during the Later Phases of Pharaonic History and the Greco-Roman Period. Rita Lucarelli In this paper the meaning and function of demons in ancient Egypt have been outlined and a few central issues concerning demonology of Pharaonic and Greco-Roman Egypt

Qian, Ning

224

PLAN OF STUDY FOR B.S. IN SYSTEMS ENGINEERING For students entering Spring 2008 or later  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Algebra MATH 203 3 ____ D. Probability for Engineers STAT 346 3 ____ E. Engineering Statistics STAT 354 3. Natural Science elective CHEM 251 or CHEM 211 4 ____ IV. ENGINEERING SCIENCE (2 credits) A. EngineeringPLAN OF STUDY FOR B.S. IN SYSTEMS ENGINEERING For students entering Spring 2008 or later Name

225

E. Guilyardi G. Madec L. Terray The role of lateral ocean physics in the upper ocean thermal balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

inertia and to its opacity, the ocean stores vast amounts of energy, away from a direct contactE. Guilyardi á G. Madec á L. Terray The role of lateral ocean physics in the upper ocean thermal balance of a coupled ocean-atmosphere GCM Received: 24 January 2000 / Accepted: 11 September 2000 Abstract

Guilyardi, Eric

226

Developmental dierences in susceptibility to neomycin-induced hair cell death in the lateral line neuromasts of zebrash (Danio rerio)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Developmental di¡erences in susceptibility to neomycin-induced hair cell death in the lateral line Received 25 June 2003; accepted 11 August 2003 Abstract Mechanosensory hair cells of the inner ear and mammalian development, there is a period of relative insensitivity to aminoglycoside-induced hair cell death

Rubel, Edwin

227

Tri-Lateral Noor al Salaam High Concentration Solar Central Receiver Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the efforts conducted primarily under the Noor al Salaam (“Light of Peace”) program under DOE GRANT NUMBER DE-FC36-02GO12030, together with relevant technical results from a closely related technology development effort, the U.S./Israel Science and Technology Foundation (USISTF) High Concentration Solar Central Receiver program. These efforts involved preliminary design, development, and test of selected prototype power production subsystems and documentation of an initial version of the system definition for a high concentration solar hybrid/gas electrical power plant to be built in Zaafarana, Egypt as a first step in planned commercialization. A major part of the planned work was halted in 2007 with an amendment in October 2007 requiring that we complete the technical effort by December 31, 2007 and provide a final report to DOE within the following 90 days. This document summarizes the work conducted. The USISTF program was a 50/50 cost-shared program supported by the Department of Commerce through the U.S./Israel Science and Technology Commission (USISTC). The USISTC was cooperatively developed by President Clinton and the late Prime Minister Rabin of Israel "to encourage technological collaboration" and "support peace in the Middle East through economic development". The program was conducted as a follow-on effort to Israel's Magnet/CONSOLAR Program, which was an advanced development effort to design, fabricate, and test a solar central receiver and secondary optics for a "beam down" central receiver concept. The status of these hardware development programs is reviewed, since they form the basis for the Noor al Salaam program. Descriptions are provided of the integrated system and the major subsystems, including the heliostat, the high temperature air receiver, the power conversion unit, tower and tower reflector, compound parabolic concentrator, and the master control system. One objective of the USISTF program was to conduct marketing research, identify opportunities for use of this technology, and to the extent possible, secure an agreement leading to a pre-commercialization demonstration or prototype plant. This was accomplished with the agreement to conduct the Noor al Salaam program as a tri-lateral project between Egypt, Israel, and the U.S. The tri-lateral project was led by the University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH); this included the Egyptian New and Renewable Energy Authority and the Israeli USISTC participants. This project, known was Noor al Salaam, was funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) through the Department of Energy (DOE). The Egyptian activity was under the auspices of the Egyptian Ministry of Energy and Electricity, New and Renewable Energy Authority (NREA) as part of Egypt's plans for renewable energy development. The objective of the Noor al Salaam project was to develop the conditions necessary to obtain funding and construct and operate an approximately 10 to 20 Megawatt hybrid solar/natural gas demonstration power plant in Zaafarana, Egypt that could serve both as a test bed for advanced solar technology evaluations, and as a forerunner to commercial plant designs. This plant, termed Noor Al Salaam, or “Light of Peace”, reached the initial phase of system definition before being curtailed, in part by changes in USAID objectives, coupled with various delays that were beyond the scope of the program to resolve. The background of the USISTF technology development and pre-commercialization effort is provided in this report, together with documentation of the technology developments conducted under the Noor al Salaam program. It should be noted that only a relatively small part of the Noor al Salaam funding was expended over the approximately five years for which UAH was prime contractor before the program was ordered closed (Reference 1) so that the remaining funds could be returned to USAID.

Blackmon, James B

2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

228

A model of the lateral line of fish for vortex sensing This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A model of the lateral line of fish for vortex sensing This article has been downloaded from.1088/1748-3182/7/3/036016 A model of the lateral line of fish for vortex sensing Zheng Ren1 and Kamran Mohseni1,2,3,4 1 Department.iop.org/BB/7/036016 Abstract In this paper, the lateral line trunk canal (LLTC) of a fish is modeled

Mohseni, Kamran

229

The immediate effects of manual therapy on dorsiflexion and joint position sense at the talocrural joint in participants with a history of lateral ankle sprain.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The purpose of this literature review is to explore the literature pertaining to normal ankle function, ankle dysfunction and lateral ankle sprains to provide a… (more)

Alanson, Nathan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Measurements of lateral penumbra for uniform scanning proton beams under various beam delivery conditions and comparison to the XiO treatment planning system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: The main purposes of this study were to (1) investigate the dependency of lateral penumbra (80%–20% distance) of uniform scanning proton beams on various factors such as air gap, proton range, modulation width, compensator thickness, and depth, and (2) compare the lateral penumbra calculated by a treatment planning system (TPS) with measurements.Methods: First, lateral penumbra was measured using solid–water phantom and radiographic films for (a) air gap, ranged from 0 to 35 cm, (b) proton range, ranged from 8 to 30 cm, (c) modulation, ranged from 2 to 10 cm, (d) compensator thickness, ranged from 0 to 20 cm, and (e) depth, ranged from 7 to 15 cm. Second, dose calculations were computed in a virtual water phantom using the XiO TPS with pencil beam algorithm for identical beam conditions and geometrical configurations that were used for the measurements. The calculated lateral penumbra was then compared with the measured one for both the horizontal and vertical scanning magnets of our uniform scanning proton beam delivery system.Results: The results in the current study showed that the lateral penumbra of horizontal scanning magnet was larger (up to 1.4 mm for measurement and up to 1.0 mm for TPS) compared to that of vertical scanning magnet. Both the TPS and measurements showed an almost linear increase in lateral penumbra with increasing air gap as it produced the greatest effect on lateral penumbra. Lateral penumbra was dependent on the depth and proton range. Specifically, the width of lateral penumbra was found to be always lower at shallower depth than at deeper depth within the spread out Bragg peak (SOBP) region. The lateral penumbra results were less sensitive to the variation in the thickness of compensator, whereas lateral penumbra was independent of modulation. Overall, the comparison between the results of TPS with that of measurements indicates a good agreement for lateral penumbra, with TPS predicting higher values compared to measurements.Conclusions: Lateral penumbra of uniform scanning proton beams depends on air gap, proton range, compensator thickness, and depth, whereas lateral penumbra is not dependent on modulation. The XiO TPS typically overpredicted lateral penumbra compared to measurements, within 1 mm for most cases, but the difference could be up to 2.5 mm at a deep depth and large air gap.

Rana, Suresh; Zeidan, Omar; Ramirez, Eric; Rains, Michael; Gao, Junfang; Zheng, Yuanshui [Department of Medical Physics, ProCure Proton Therapy Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73142 (United States)] [Department of Medical Physics, ProCure Proton Therapy Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73142 (United States)

2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

231

Repulsive aspects of pairing correlation in nuclear fusion reaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerical simulation on nuclear collisions are performed using the canonical-basis time-dependent Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov theory (Cb-TDHFB) in the three-dimensional coordinate space. Comparing results of the Cb-TDHFB and the conventional time-dependent Hartree-Fock (TDHF) calculations, we study effects of the pairing correlation on fusion reaction of $^{22}$O+$^{22}$O, $^{52}$Ca+$^{52}$Ca, and $^{22}$O+$^{52}$Ca, using the Skyrme SkM$^*$ functional and a contact-type pairing energy functional. Although current results are yet preliminary, they may suggest that the pairing correlation could hinder the fusion probability at energies in the vicinity of the Coulomb barrier height. We also perform a calculation for heavier nuclei, $^{96}$Zn+$^{124}$Sn, which seems to suggest a similar hindrance effect.

Ebata, Shuichiro

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Level repulsion, nuclear chaos, and conserved quantum numbers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A statistical analysis of the distribution of level spacings for states with the same spin and parity is described in which the average spacing is calculated for the total ensemble. Though the resulting distribution of level spacings for states of deformed nuclei with Z = 62 - 75 and A = 155 - 185 is the closest to that of a Poisson distribution yet obtained for nuclear levels, significant deviations are observed for small level spacings. Many, but not all, of the very closely-spaced levels have K-values differing by several units. The analysis of level spacings in {sup 157}Ho indicate that considerable caution should be excerised when drawing conclusions from such an analysis for a single deformed nucleus, since the sizable number of spacings that can be obtained from a few rotational bands are not all independent.

Garrett, J.D.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Transient stress evolution in repulsion and attraction dominated glasses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present results from microscopic mode coupling theory generalized to colloidal dispersions under shear in an integration-through-transients formalism. Stress-strain curves in start-up shear, flow curves, and normal stresses are calculated with the equilibrium static structure factor as only input. Hard spheres close to their glass transition are considered, as are hard spheres with a short-ranged square-well attraction at their attraction dominated glass transition. The consequences of steric packing and physical bond formation on the linear elastic response, the stress release during yielding, and the steady plastic flow are discussed and compared to experimental data from concentrated model dispersions.

Christian P. Amann; Matthias Fuchs

2014-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

234

Structural anisotropy and orientation-induced Casimir repulsion in fluids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we theoretically consider the Casimir force between two periodic arrays of nanowires (both in vacuum, and on a substrate separated by a fluid) at separations comparable to the period. Specifically, we compute ...

McCauley, Alexander Patrick

235

Homogeneous Cooling with Repulsive and Attractive Long-range Interactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and for not too strong interaction potential enrgy. Keywords: 1/r potentials, Molecular Dynamics, granular gases

Luding, Stefan

236

Repulsive cues and signalling cascades of the axon growth cone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) question their irreversibility, showing high levels of membrane dynamics and turn-over with 6 7 Introduction repeated episodes of endocytosis and attempts to form membrane veils (Tom et al., 2004), as in growth cones. ?e glial scar inhibits regeneration... of glial ?brillary acidic protein (GFAP), consist of several sub-types (Stephens et al., 1993; Imura et al., 2006; Yeh et al., 2009) and that in vitro at least, astrocytes generated by different differentiation pathways have different effects when injected...

Manns, Richard Peter Charles

2013-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

237

Bilayer Membrane in Confined Geometry: Interlayer Slide and Steric Repulsion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derived free energy functional of a bilayer lipid membrane from the first principles of elasticity theory. The model explicitly includes position-dependent mutual slide of monolayers and bending deformation. Our free energy functional of liquid-crystalline membrane allows for incompressibility of the membrane and vanishing of the in-plane shear modulus and obeys reflectional and rotational symmetries of the flat bilayer. Interlayer slide at the mid-plane of the membrane results in local difference of surface densities of the monolayers. The slide amplitude directly enters free energy via the strain tensor. For small bending deformations the ratio between bending modulus and area compression coefficient, Kb/KA, is proportional to the square of monolayer thickness, h. Using the functional we performed self-consistent calculation of steric potential acting on bilayer between parallel confining walls separated by distance 2d. We found that temperature-dependent curvature at the minimum of confining potential is enhanced four times for a bilayer with slide as compared with a unit bilayer. We also calculate viscous modes of bilayer membrane between confining walls. Pure bending of the membrane is investigated, which is decoupled from area dilation at small amplitudes. Three sources of viscous dissipation are considered: water and membrane viscosities and interlayer drag. Dispersion has two branches. Confinement between the walls modifies the bending mode with respect to membrane in bulk solution. Simultaneously, inter-layer slipping mode, damped by viscous drag, remains unchanged by confinement.

S. V. Baoukina; S. I. Mukhin

2004-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

238

Edge Universality for a Class of Repulsive Particle Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study a class of interacting particle systems on $\\mathbb{R}$ which was recently investigated by F. G\\"otze and the second author ([GV14]). These ensembles generalize eigenvalue ensembles of Hermitian random matrices by allowing different interactions between particles. Although these ensembles are not known to be determinantal one can use the stochastic linearization method of [GV14] to represent them as averages of determinantal ones. We prove that the local correlations of the particles at the edge of the support of the limiting measure are universal and equal those for the eigenvalue ensembles. In particular, they are given in terms of the Airy kernel. Moreover, we prove that the largest particle converges, appropriately rescaled, to the Tracy-Widom distribution. In the regime of the Limit Law the averaging only shows through a weaker bound on the rate of convergence. We also obtain the leading order behavior of the upper tail of the distribution of the largest particle in a significant part of the regime of moderate deviations. For the averaging procedure we need detailed asymptotic information on the behavior of Christoffel-Darboux kernels, uniformly for a perturbative family of weights. Such results have been provided by K. Schubert, K. Sch\\"uler and the authors in [KSSV14].

Thomas Kriecherbauer; Martin Venker

2015-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

239

Core repulsion e ects in alkali trimers R. Gu erout  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.e. molecules exhibiting a permanent electric dipole moment). Elementary chemical reactions at very low separation, involved when the potential energy surfaces of alkali trimers are calculated with a quantum-parity violation [10, 11, 12], and the time-independence of the electron- to-nuclear and nuclear-to-nuclear mass

Recanati, Catherine

240

Maharavo Randrianarivony Multilevel B-Spline Repulsive Energy in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conduct electricity more efficiently than diamonds. Thermal resistivity of nanomaterials can be used to reduce or accelerate heat conduction. It has also a good thermal property so that materials can be designed to resist heat at a very high intensity. Graphene has obtained a significant attention from

Harbrecht, Helmut

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241

Traversable wormholes without exotic matter in multimetric repulsive gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a static, spherically symmetric, traversable wormhole solution to multimetric gravity which is sustained by only non-exotic matter, i.e., matter which satisfies all energy conditions. The possibility of this solution arises from the fact that under certain conditions the multimetric gravitational field equations reduce to the Einstein equations, but with a negative effective gravitational constant. We show that the Arnowitt-Deser-Misner mass of this wormhole vanishes, so that it appears massless to observers in the asymptotically flat spacetime. We finally speculate on the feasibility of creating and maintaining this type of wormhole by an advanced civilization.

Manuel Hohmann

2014-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

242

Ground states of lattice gases with ``almost'' convex repulsive interactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the feature known as the complete devil's staircase. KEY WORDS: Classical lattice­gas models; ground states; nonconvex interactions; most homogeneous configurations; devil's staircase. \\Lambda Pl. Maksa Borna 9, 50

243

Tunable exchange bias-like effect in patterned hard-soft two-dimensional lateral composites with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Patterned hard-soft 2D magnetic lateral composites have been fabricated by e-beam lithography plus dry etching techniques on sputter-deposited NdCo{sub 5} thin films with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. Their magnetic behavior is strongly thickness dependent due to the interplay between out-of-plane anisotropy and magnetostatic energy. Thus, the spatial modulation of thicknesses leads to an exchange coupled system with hard/soft magnetic regions in which rotatable anisotropy of the thicker elements provides an extra tool to design the global magnetic behavior of the patterned lateral composite. Kerr microscopy studies (domain imaging and magneto-optical Kerr effect magnetometry) reveal that the resulting hysteresis loops exhibit a tunable exchange bias-like shift that can be switched on/off by the applied magnetic field.

Hierro-Rodriguez, A., E-mail: ahierro@fc.up.pt; Alvarez-Prado, L. M.; Martín, J. I.; Alameda, J. M. [Departamento de Física, Universidad de Oviedo, C/Calvo Sotelo S/N, 33007 Oviedo (Spain); Centro de Investigación en Nanomateriales y Nanotecnología—CINN (CSIC—Universidad de Oviedo—Principado de Asturias), Parque Tecnológico de Asturias, 33428 Llanera (Spain); Teixeira, J. M. [IN-IFIMUP, Departamento de Física e Astronomia, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade do Porto, Rua Campo Alegre 687, 4169-007 Porto (Portugal); Vélez, M. [Departamento de Física, Universidad de Oviedo, C/Calvo Sotelo S/N, 33007 Oviedo (Spain)

2014-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

244

Magnetic field enhancement of non-local spin signal in Ni{<_80}Fe{<_20}/Ag lateral spin valves.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We observe a magnetic-field-induced enhancement of the nonlocal spin signal in Ni{sub 80}Fe{sub 20}/Ag lateral spin valves. The enhancement depends on the bias current polarity but not on the field direction. We present a theoretical model that explains our experimental results, taking into account the electron-spin relaxation of magnetic impurities. We find that the relaxation is about an order of magnitude weaker than Elliott-Yafet relaxation.

Mihajlovic, G.; Erlingsson, S. I.; Vyborny, K.; Pearson, J. E.; Bader, S. D.; Hoffmann, A. (Center for Nanoscale Materials); ( MSD); (Hitachi Global Storage Tech.); (Reykjavik Univ.); (Acad. Sci. Czech Republic)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Micro-Raman and cathodoluminescence studies of epitaxial laterally overgrown GaN with tungsten masks: A method to map the free-carrier  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Micro-Raman and cathodoluminescence studies of epitaxial laterally overgrown GaN with tungsten properties of two epitaxial-laterally overgrown GaN structures with tungsten masks in 1100 and 1120 direction by tungsten masks3 to prevent the in-diffusion of silicon and oxygen atoms in the overgrown GaN, which

Nabben, Reinhard

246

Ponding Test Results Seepage Losses Laterals 8E and 2A-C, Maverick County Water Control and Improvement District No. 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TR-336 2008 Ponding Test Results Seepage Losses Laterals 8E and 2A-C Maverick County Water Control and Improvement District No. 1 By: Eric Leigh, Extension Associate, Biological and Agricultural... Engineering Guy Fipps, Professor and Extension Agricultural Engineer, Biological and Agricultural Engineering Texas Water Resources Institute Technical Report November 2008 PONDING TEST RESULTS SEEPAGE LOSSES LATERALS 8E AND 2A...

Leigh, Eric; Fipps, Guy

247

Le modle LATER Le modle LATER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Décision 3. Réponse motrice En théorie, chacune de ces étapes peut produire de la variabilité. Le modèle motrice varie très peu : Le délai entre la stimulation de moto-neurones et la réponse est relativement

Madelain, Laurent

248

High-power, low-lateral divergence broad area quantum cascade lasers with a tilted front facet  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We introduce a simple technique to improve the beam quality of broad area quantum cascade lasers. Moderately tilted front facets of the laser provide suppression of higher order lateral waveguide modes. A device with a width of 60??m and a front facet angle of 17° shows a nearly diffraction limited beam profile. In addition, the peak output power and the slope efficiency of the device are increased since most of the light inside the cavity is emitted through the tilted front facet by an asymmetric light intensity distribution along the cavity.

Ahn, Sangil, E-mail: sangil.ahn@tuwien.ac.at; Schwarzer, Clemens; Zederbauer, Tobias; MacFarland, Donald C.; Detz, Hermann; Andrews, Aaron M.; Schrenk, Werner; Strasser, Gottfried [Institute for Solid State Electronics, Vienna University of Technology, 1040 Vienna (Austria)

2014-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

249

1.9 kV AlGaN/GaN Lateral Schottky Barrier Diodes on Silicon  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

In this letter, we present AlGaN/GaN lateral Schottky barrier diodes on silicon with recessed anodes and dual field plates. A low specific on-resistance RON,SP (5.12 m?{center_dot}cm2), a low turn-on voltage (1.9 kV), were simultaneously achieved in devices with a 25 ?m anode/cathode separation, resulting in a power figure-of-merit (FOM) BV2/RON,SP of 727 MW{center_dot}cm2. The record high breakdown voltage of 1.9 kV is attributed to the dual field plate structure.

Zhu, Mingda [University of Notre Dame, IN (United States); Song, Bo [Cornell University, Ithaca, NY (United States); Qi, Meng [University of Notre Dame, IN (United States); Hu, Zongyang [University of Notre Dame, IN (United States); Nomoto, Kazuki [University of Notre Dame, IN (United States); Yan, Xiaodong [University of Notre Dame, IN (United States); Cao, Yu [IQE/HRL Labs; Johnson, Wayne [IQE, Westborough, MA (United States); Kohn, Erhard [University of Notre Dame, IN (United States); Jena, Debdeep [Cornell University, Ithaca, NY (United States); Xing, Grace Huili [Cornell University, Ithaca, NY (United States)

2015-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Polarity driven simultaneous growth of free-standing and lateral GaAsP epitaxial nanowires on GaAs (001) substrate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Simultaneous growth of ?111?{sub B} free-standing and ±[110] lateral GaAsP epitaxial nanowires on GaAs (001) substrates were observed and investigated by electron microscopy and crystallographic analysis. It was found that the growth of both free-standing and lateral ternary nanowires via Au catalysts was driven by the fact that Au catalysts prefer to maintain low-energy (111){sub B} interfaces with surrounding GaAs(P) materials: in the case of free-standing nanowires, Au catalysts maintain (111){sub B} interfaces with their underlying GaAsP nanowires; while in the case of lateral nanowires, each Au catalyst remain their side (111){sub B} interfaces with the surrounding GaAs(P) material during the lateral nanowire growth.

Sun, Wen; Xu, Hongyi [Materials Engineering, The University of Queensland, St Lucia QLD 40732 (Australia)] [Materials Engineering, The University of Queensland, St Lucia QLD 40732 (Australia); Guo, Yanan [Materials Engineering, The University of Queensland, St Lucia QLD 40732 (Australia) [Materials Engineering, The University of Queensland, St Lucia QLD 40732 (Australia); Department of Electronic Materials Engineering, Research School of Physics and Engineering, The Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia); Gao, Qiang; Hoe Tan, Hark; Jagadish, Chennupati [Department of Electronic Materials Engineering, Research School of Physics and Engineering, The Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia)] [Department of Electronic Materials Engineering, Research School of Physics and Engineering, The Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia); Zou, Jin, E-mail: j.zou@uq.edu.au [Materials Engineering, The University of Queensland, St Lucia QLD 40732 (Australia) [Materials Engineering, The University of Queensland, St Lucia QLD 40732 (Australia); Centre for Microscopy and Microanalysis, The University of Queensland, St Lucia QLD 4072 (Australia)

2013-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

251

Polarity characterization by anomalous x-ray dispersion of ZnO films and GaN lateral polar structures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate the use of anomalous x-ray scattering of constituent cations at their absorption edge, in a conventional Bragg-Brentano diffractometer, to measure absolutely and quantitatively the polar orientation and polarity fraction of unipolar and mixed polar wurtzitic crystals. In one set of experiments, the gradual transition between c+ and c? polarity of epitaxial ZnO films on sapphire as a function of MgO buffer layer thickness is monitored quantitatively, while in a second experiment, we map the polarity of a lateral polar homojunction in GaN. The dispersion measurements are compared with piezoforce microscopy images, and we demonstrate how x-ray dispersion and scanning probe methods can provide complementary information that can discriminate between polarity fractions at a material surface and polarity fractions averaged over the film bulk.

Shelton, Christopher T.; Sachet, Edward; Paisley, Elizabeth A.; Hoffmann, Marc P.; Rajan, Joseph; Collazo, Ramón; Sitar, Zlatko; Maria, Jon-Paul [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695 (United States)

2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

252

Reducing the efficiency droop by lateral carrier confinement in InGaN/GaN quantum-well nanorods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Efficiency droop is a major obstacle facing high-power application of InGaN/GaN quantum-well (QW) light-emitting diodes. In this letter, we report the suppression of efficiency droop induced by density-activated defect recombination in nanorod structure of a-plane InGaN/GaN QWs. In the high carrier density regime, the retained emission efficiency in a dry-etched nanorod sample is observed to be over two times higher than that in its parent QW sample. We further argue that the improvement is a combined effect of the amendment contributed by lateral carrier confinement and the deterioration made by surface trapping.

Shi, Chentian; Yang, Fan; Park, Min Joo; Kwak, Joon Seop; Jung, Sukkoo; Choi, Yoon-Ho; Wang, Xiaoyong; Xiao, Min

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Lateral migration of living cells in inertial microfluidic systems explored by fully three-dimensional numerical simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effects of cell size and deformability on the lateral migration and deformation of living cells flowing through a rectangular microchannel has been numerically investigated and compared with the inertial-microfluidics data on detection and separation of cells. The results of this work indicate that the cells move closer to the centerline if they are bigger and/or more deformable and that their equilibrium position is largely determined by the solvent (cytosol) viscosity, which is much less than the polymer (cytoskeleton) viscosity measured in most rheological systems. Simulations also suggest that decreasing channel dimensions leads to larger differences in equilibrium position for particles of different viscoelastic properties, giving design guidance for the next generation of microfluidic cell separation chips.

Hongzhi Lan; Soojung Claire Hur; Dino Di Carlo; Damir B. Khismatullin

2013-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

254

Lateral flow devices  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An analytical test for an analyte comprises (a) a base, having a reaction area and a visualization area, (b) a capture species, on the base in the visualization area, comprising nucleic acid, and (c) analysis chemistry reagents, on the base in the reaction area. The analysis chemistry reagents comprise (i) a substrate comprising nucleic acid and a first label, and (ii) a reactor comprising nucleic acid. The analysis chemistry reagents can react with a sample comprising the analyte and water, to produce a visualization species comprising nucleic acid and the first label, and the capture species can bind the visualization species.

Mazumdar, Debapriya (Urbana, IL); Liu, Juewen (Urbana, IL); Lu, Yi (Champaign, IL)

2010-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

255

Enhanced spin signals due to native oxide formation in Ni{sub 80}Fe{sub 20}/Ag lateral spin valves.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Large nonlocal spin valve signals are reported in mesoscopic Ni{sub 80}Fe{sub 20}/Ag lateral spin valves upon exposing them to air. Magnetotransport measurements combined with transmission electron microscopy show that the formation of a native oxide layer at the Ni{sub 80}Fe{sub 20}/Ag interface is responsible for the large signals. The results indicate that lateral spin valves with superior performance to those based on high-resistance tunnel barriers can be achieved via controllable growth of native permalloy oxides.

Mihajlovic, G.; Schreiber, D. K.; Liu, Y.; Pearson, J. E.; Bader, S. D.; Petford-Long, A. K.; Hoffmann, A.; Northwestern Univ.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

New Markov Model Approaches to Deciphering Microbial Genome Function and Evolution: Comparative Genomics of Laterally Transferred Genes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Algorithmic methods for gene prediction have been developed and successfully applied to many different prokaryotic genome sequences. As the set of genes in a particular genome is not homogeneous with respect to DNA sequence composition features, the GeneMark.hmm program utilizes two Markov models representing distinct classes of protein coding genes denoted "typical" and "atypical". Atypical genes are those whose DNA features deviate significantly from those classified as typical and they represent approximately 10% of any given genome. In addition to the inherent interest of more accurately predicting genes, the atypical status of these genes may also reflect their separate evolutionary ancestry from other genes in that genome. We hypothesize that atypical genes are largely comprised of those genes that have been relatively recently acquired through lateral gene transfer (LGT). If so, what fraction of atypical genes are such bona fide LGTs? We have made atypical gene predictions for all fully completed prokaryotic genomes; we have been able to compare these results to other "surrogate" methods of LGT prediction.

Borodovsky, M.

2013-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

257

The Lateral Trigger Probability function for the Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Ray Showers detected by the Pierre Auger Observatory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we introduce the concept of Lateral Trigger Probability (LTP) function, i.e., the probability for an extensive air shower (EAS) to trigger an individual detector of a ground based array as a function of distance to the shower axis, taking into account energy, mass and direction of the primary cosmic ray. We apply this concept to the surface array of the Pierre Auger Observatory consisting of a 1.5 km spaced grid of about 1600 water Cherenkov stations. Using Monte Carlo simulations of ultra-high energy showers the LTP functions are derived for energies in the range between 10^{17} and 10^{19} eV and zenith angles up to 65 degs. A parametrization combining a step function with an exponential is found to reproduce them very well in the considered range of energies and zenith angles. The LTP functions can also be obtained from data using events simultaneously observed by the fluorescence and the surface detector of the Pierre Auger Observatory (hybrid events). We validate the Monte-Carlo results showing how LTP functions from data are in good agreement with simulations.

The Pierre Auger Collaboration; P. Abreu; M. Aglietta; E. J. Ahn; I. F. M. Albuquerque; D. Allard; I. Allekotte; J. Allen; P. Allison; J. Alvarez Castillo; J. Alvarez-Muñiz; M. Ambrosio; A. Aminaei; L. Anchordoqui; S. Andringa; T. Anti?i?; A. Anzalone; C. Aramo; E. Arganda; F. Arqueros; H. Asorey; P. Assis; J. Aublin; M. Ave; M. Avenier; G. Avila; T. Bäcker; M. Balzer; K. B. Barber; A. F. Barbosa; R. Bardenet; S. L. C. Barroso; B. Baughman; J. Bäuml; J. J. Beatty; B. R. Becker; K. H. Becker; A. Bellétoile; J. A. Bellido; S. BenZvi; C. Berat; X. Bertou; P. L. Biermann; P. Billoir; F. Blanco; M. Blanco; C. Bleve; H. Blümer; M. Bohá?ová; D. Boncioli; C. Bonifazi; R. Bonino; N. Borodai; J. Brack; P. Brogueira; W. C. Brown; R. Bruijn; P. Buchholz; A. Bueno; R. E. Burton; K. S. Caballero-Mora; L. Caramete; R. Caruso; A. Castellina; O. Catalano; G. Cataldi; L. Cazon; R. Cester; J. Chauvin; S. H. Cheng; A. Chiavassa; J. A. Chinellato; A. Chou; J. Chudoba; R. W. Clay; M. R. Coluccia; R. Conceição; F. Contreras; H. Cook; M. J. Cooper; J. Coppens; A. Cordier; S. Coutu; C. E. Covault; A. Creusot; A. Criss; J. Cronin; A. Curutiu; S. Dagoret-Campagne; R. Dallier; S. Dasso; K. Daumiller; B. R. Dawson; R. M. de Almeida; M. De Domenico; C. De Donato; S. J. de Jong; G. De La Vega; W. J. M. de Mello Junior; J. R. T. de Mello Neto; I. De Mitri; V. de Souza; K. D. de Vries; G. Decerprit; L. del Peral; M. del Río; O. Deligny; H. Dembinski; N. Dhital; C. Di Giulio; J. C. Diaz; M. L. Díaz Castro; P. N. Diep; C. Dobrigkeit; W. Docters; J. C. D'Olivo; P. N. Dong; A. Dorofeev; J. C. dos Anjos; M. T. Dova; D. D'Urso; I. Dutan; J. Ebr; R. Engel; M. Erdmann; C. O. Escobar; J. Espadanal; A. Etchegoyen; P. Facal San Luis; I. Fajardo Tapia; H. Falcke; G. Farrar; A. C. Fauth; N. Fazzini; A. P. Ferguson; A. Ferrero; B. Fick; A. Filevich; A. Filip?i?; S. Fliescher; C. E. Fracchiolla; E. D. Fraenkel; U. Fröhlich; B. Fuchs; R. Gaior; R. F. Gamarra; S. Gambetta; B. García; D. García Gámez; D. Garcia-Pinto; A. Gascon; H. Gemmeke; K. Gesterling; P. L. Ghia; U. Giaccari; M. Giller; H. Glass; M. S. Gold; G. Golup; F. Gomez Albarracin; M. Gómez Berisso; P. Gonçalves; D. Gonzalez; J. G. Gonzalez; B. Gookin; D. Góra; A. Gorgi; P. Gouffon; S. R. Gozzini; E. Grashorn; S. Grebe; N. Griffith; M. Grigat; A. F. Grillo; Y. Guardincerri; F. Guarino; G. P. Guedes; A. Guzman; J. D. Hague; P. Hansen; D. Harari; S. Harmsma; J. L. Harton; A. Haungs; T. Hebbeker; D. Heck; A. E. Herve; C. Hojvat; N. Hollon; V. C. Holmes; P. Homola; J. R. Hörandel; A. Horneffer; M. Hrabovský; T. Huege; A. Insolia; F. Ionita; A. Italiano; C. Jarne; S. Jiraskova; M. Josebachuili; K. Kadija; K. H. Kampert; P. Karhan; P. Kasper; B. Kégl; B. Keilhauer; A. Keivani; J. L. Kelley; E. Kemp; R. M. Kieckhafer; H. O. Klages; M. Kleifges; J. Kleinfeller; J. Knapp; D. -H. Koang; K. Kotera; N. Krohm; O. Krömer; D. Kruppke-Hansen; F. Kuehn; D. Kuempel; J. K. Kulbartz; N. Kunka; G. La Rosa; C. Lachaud; P. Lautridou; M. S. A. B. Leão; D. Lebrun; P. Lebrun; M. A. Leigui de Oliveira; A. Lemiere; A. Letessier-Selvon; I. Lhenry-Yvon; K. Link; R. López; A. Lopez Agüera; K. Louedec; J. Lozano Bahilo; L. Lu; A. Lucero; M. Ludwig; H. Lyberis; M. C. Maccarone; C. Macolino; S. Maldera; D. Mandat; P. Mantsch; A. G. Mariazzi; J. Marin; V. Marin; I. C. Maris; H. R. Marquez Falcon; G. Marsella; D. Martello; L. Martin; H. Martinez; O. Martínez Bravo; H. J. Mathes; J. Matthews; J. A. J. Matthews; G. Matthiae; D. Maurizio; P. O. Mazur; G. Medina-Tanco; M. Melissas; D. Melo; E. Menichetti; A. Menshikov; P. Mertsch; C. Meurer; S. Mi?anovi?; M. I. Micheletti; W. Miller; L. Miramonti; L. Molina-Bueno; S. Mollerach; M. Monasor; D. Monnier Ragaigne; F. Montanet; B. Morales; C. Morello; E. Moreno; J. C. Moreno; C. Morris; M. Mostafá; C. A. Moura; S. Mueller; M. A. Muller; G. Müller; M. Münchmeyer; R. Mussa; G. Navarra ‡; J. L. Navarro; S. Navas; P. Necesal; L. Nellen; A. Nelles; J. Neuser; P. T. Nhung; L. Niemietz; N. Nierstenhoefer; D. Nitz; D. Nosek; L. Nožka; M. Nyklicek; J. Oehlschläger; A. Olinto; P. Oliva; V. M. Olmos-Gilbaja; M. Ortiz; N. Pacheco; D. Pakk Selmi-Dei; M. Palatka; J. Pallotta; N. Palmieri; G. Parente; E. Parizot; A. Parra; R. D. Parsons; S. Pastor; T. Paul; M. Pech; J. P?kala; R. Pelayo; I. M. Pepe; L. Perrone; R. Pesce; E. Petermann; S. Petrera; P. Petrinca; A. Petrolini; Y. Petrov; J. Petrovic; C. Pfendner; N. Phan; R. Piegaia; T. Pierog; P. Pieroni; M. Pimenta; V. Pirronello; M. Platino; V. H. Ponce; M. Pontz; P. Privitera; M. Prouza; E. J. Quel; S. Querchfeld; J. Rautenberg; O. Ravel; D. Ravignani; B. Revenu; J. Ridky; S. Riggi; M. Risse; P. Ristori; H. Rivera; V. Rizi; J. Roberts; C. Robledo; W. Rodrigues de Carvalho; G. Rodriguez; J. Rodriguez Martino; J. Rodriguez Rojo

2011-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

258

The BP Oil Spill: One Year Later College Station, September 19 The Mosbacher Institute brought together an expert panel to discuss  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The BP Oil Spill: One Year Later College Station, September 19 ­ The Mosbacher Institute brought at the Macondo oil well last year. The panel spoke to an audience of some 70 faculty and students at the Bush for the discussion, Jim Griffin reminded the audience that the oil spill that began on April 20, 2010 is the largest

Boas, Harold P.

259

JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH: SPACE PHYSICS, VOL. 118, 77837797, doi:10.1002/2013JA019337, 2013 Extended lateral heating of the nighttime ionosphere by ground-based  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

experiments are performed with the 21.4 kHz, 424 kW VLF transmitter NPM in Lualualei, Hawaii, and physical effects of the NPM transmissions are studied with a subionospherically propagating VLF probe signal but rather appear to be the result of scattering from extended lateral heating of the ionosphere by the NPM

260

High-pressure sound velocities and elasticity of aluminous MgSiO3 perovskite to 45 GPa: Implications for lateral heterogeneity in Earth's  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High-pressure sound velocities and elasticity of aluminous MgSiO3 perovskite to 45 GPa lateral variations of seismic wave speeds in Earth's lower mantle are due at least in part to a chemical, J. M., J. Zhang, J. Shu, S. V. Sinogeikin, and J. D. Bass (2005), High-pressure sound velocities

Jackson, Jennifer M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lateral repulsion experienced" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

25th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Valencia, Spain, 6-10 September 2010, 2CO.4.3 IMPACT OF LATERAL VARIATIONS ON THE SOLAR CELL EFFICIENCY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

analyze various monocrystalline silicon solar cells. The light-IV curves around the maximum power point.3 IMPACT OF LATERAL VARIATIONS ON THE SOLAR CELL EFFICIENCY David Hinken, Karsten Bothe and Rolf Brendel-dimensional approach to calculate the impact of local parameters on the global solar cell efficiency. The presented

262

P11.3 EFFECTS OF NESTING FREQUENCY AND LATERAL BOUNDARY PERTURBATIONS ON THE DISPERSION OF LIMITED-AREA ENSEMBLE FORECASTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

P11.3 EFFECTS OF NESTING FREQUENCY AND LATERAL BOUNDARY PERTURBATIONS ON THE DISPERSION OF LIMITED of ensemble fore- casts, also lack consistent perturbations. Pertur- bations growing on the nested domain on the effect of LBC update in- terval on the nested-grid ensemble dispersion. Other results will be presented

Xue, Ming

263

ccsd-00002730,version1-31Aug2004 Astronomy & Astrophysics manuscript no. article.hyper28141 31st August 2004 (DOI: will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

structure of the permanent magnetic field which induces a coupling between spherical harmonics thus exciting examples of couplings be- tween pulsation and magnetism is given by the seismo- logical activity August 2004 (DOI: will be inserted by hand later) Oscillations of magnetic stars II. Axisymmetric

Boyer, Edmond

264

Dissociations of the Medial and Lateral Perforant Path Projections Into Dorsal DG, CA3, and CA1 for Spatial and Nonspatial (Visual Object)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-amino-5-phosphonovaleric acid (APV) infusions, whereas lateral perforant path plasticity can be attenuated by naloxone infusions. The present experiment was designed to evaluate the role of each entorhinal) changes in the overall configuration of environmental stimuli. Dorsal dentate gyrus infusions of either

Wagner, Anthony

265

Title: Refreshable tactile graphics using a lateral skin deformation device Author(s): Levesque V.1, Hayward V.1, Petit G.2, Dufresne A.2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Title: Refreshable tactile graphics using a lateral skin deformation device Author(s): Levesque V.1: Tactile graphics are useful to convey spatial information and concepts to visually impaired persons with maps, mathematical diagrams and other types of illustrations. Unfortunately, tactile graphics

Hayward, Vincent

266

Self-organization during growth of ZrN/SiN{sub x} multilayers by epitaxial lateral overgrowth  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

ZrN/SiN{sub x} nanoscale multilayers were deposited on ZrN seed layers grown on top of MgO(001) substrates by dc magnetron sputtering with a constant ZrN thickness of 40 Å and with an intended SiN{sub x} thickness of 2, 4, 6, 8, and 15 Å at a substrate temperature of 800 °C and 6 Å at 500 °C. The films were investigated by X-ray diffraction, high-resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy, and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. The investigations show that the SiN{sub x} is amorphous and that the ZrN layers are crystalline. Growth of epitaxial cubic SiN{sub x}—known to take place on TiN(001)—on ZrN(001) is excluded to the monolayer resolution of this study. During the course of SiN{sub x} deposition, the material segregates to form surface precipitates in discontinuous layers for SiN{sub x} thicknesses ?6 Å that coalesce into continuous layers for 8 and 15 Å thickness at 800 °C, and for 6 Å at 500 °C. The SiN{sub x} precipitates are aligned vertically. The ZrN layers in turn grow by epitaxial lateral overgrowth on the discontinuous SiN{sub x} in samples deposited at 800 °C with up to 6 Å thick SiN{sub x} layers. Effectively a self-organized nanostructure can be grown consisting of strings of 1–3 nm large SiN{sub x} precipitates along apparent column boundaries in the epitaxial ZrN.

Fallqvist, A.; Fager, H.; Hultman, L.; Persson, P. O. Å. [Thin Film Physics Division, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology (IFM), Linköping University, SE-581 83 Linköping (Sweden)] [Thin Film Physics Division, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology (IFM), Linköping University, SE-581 83 Linköping (Sweden); Ghafoor, N. [Nanostructured Materials, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology (IFM), Linköping University, SE-581 83 Linköping (Sweden)] [Nanostructured Materials, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology (IFM), Linköping University, SE-581 83 Linköping (Sweden)

2013-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

267

Over the past decade we have been experiencing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

adjustment of lasers. However, closed path sen- sors still rely on power hungry pumps, that tie us to power lines or diesel generators. New open- path configurations allow us to measure methane fluxes in remote

268

Experiencing Art in the Montreal Landscape [Speaking of Places  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the Experience of the City” by Optica in 1999. That eventmilieu urbain (Montréal: Optica, 1999). Also important has

Valois, Nicole

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Experiencing the Past: The Virtual (Re)Construction of Places  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University Press, 2002. Huizinga, Johan. Homo Ludens: Avirtual worlds. Johan Huizinga, Homo ludens: a study of theis published in 1950. Huizinga, Homo ludens: a study of the

El Antably, Ahmed Hamed

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Spin Out Company Hydrafact is an experienced provider of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and technical services to the upstream oil and gas industry. We are recognised as leaders in gas hydrates, flow testing services and the world's leading authority in gas hydrates. We are at the forefront of technology offers a number of short courses on gas hydrates, flow assurance, reservoir modelling and phase behaviour

Painter, Kevin

271

Dislocation reduction via selective-area growth of InN accompanied by lateral growth by rf-plasma-assisted molecular-beam epitaxy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigated the selective-area growth (SAG) of InN by rf-plasma-assisted molecular-beam epitaxy using molybdenum (Mo)-mask-patterned sapphire (0001) substrates, which resulted in the formation of regularly arranged N-polar InN microcrystals. Transmission electron microscopy observation confirmed that the laterally grown side areas were nearly dislocation-free, although many threading dislocations (10{sup 9}-10{sup 10} cm{sup -2}) were generated at the InN/sapphire interface and propagated into the center of the InN microcrystals along the crystal c-axis. The laterally grown InN microcrystals exhibited narrow near-IR emission spectra with a peak photon energy of 0.627 eV and a linewidth of 39 meV at room temperature.

Kamimura, Jumpei [Department of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Sophia University, 7-1 Kioi-cho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-8554 (Japan); CREST, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Kawaguchi, Saitama 330-0012 (Japan); Kishino, Katsumi; Kikuchi, Akihiko [Department of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Sophia University, 7-1 Kioi-cho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-8554 (Japan); CREST, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Kawaguchi, Saitama 330-0012 (Japan); Sophia Nanotechnology Research Center, Sophia University, 7-1 Kioi-cho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-8554 (Japan)

2010-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

272

Self-Organization, Plasticity, and Low-level Visual Phenomena in a Laterally Connected Map Model of the Primary Visual Cortex  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Based on a Hebbian adaptation process, the afferent and lateral connections in the RF-LISSOM model organize simultaneously and cooperatively, and form structures such as those observed in the primary visual cortex. The neurons in the model develop local receptive fields that are organized into orientation, ocular dominance, and size selectivity columns. At the same time, patterned lateral connections form between neurons that follow the receptive field organization. This structure is in a continuously-adapting dynamic equilibrium with the external and intrinsic input, and can account for reorganization of the adult cortex following retinal and cortical lesions. The same learning processes may be responsible for a number of low-level functional phenomena such as tilt aftereffects, and combined with the leaky integrator model of the spiking neuron, for segmentation and binding. The model can also be used to verify quantitatively the hypothesis that the visual cortex forms a sparse, redun...

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

An experimental study of the buckling behavior and frictional effects of a circular rod laterally constrained within a horizontal circular cylinder  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . 22 22 22 28 31 33 vn TABLE OF CONTENTS (continued) CHAPTER Page 4. 4 Analysis of Lateral Load Applied by Buckled Pipe . 40 V DISCUSSION. VI CONCLUSIONS . 45 49 VII RECOMMENDATIONS . 51 NOMENCLATURE 53 REFERENCES APPENDIX A FIXED END... CONDITIONS. 55 58 APPENDIX B 12 FT. MODEL EXPERIMENTS. 63 APPENDIX C LOAD VARIATION DURING ROD MOVEMENT. . . 70 APPENDIX D PHOTOGRAPHS. 72 VITA 74 LIST OF FIGURES Figure Page 2. 1 Post buckle rod position during the sinusoidal mode. 2. 2 Post buckle...

Williams, Thomas H.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Lateral drilling and completion technologies for shallow-shelf carbonates of the Red River and Ratcliffe Formations, Williston Basin. Topical report, July 1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Luff Exploration Company (LEC) focused on involvement in technologies being developed utilizing horizontal drilling concepts to enhance oil-well productivity starting in 1992. Initial efforts were directed toward high-pressure lateral jetting techniques to be applied in existing vertical wells. After involvement in several failed field attempts with jetting technologies, emphasis shifted to application of emerging technologies for drilling short-radius lateral in existing wellbores and medium-radius technologies in new wells. These lateral drilling technologies were applied in the Mississippi Ratcliffe and Ordovician Red River formations at depths of 2,590 to 2,890 m in Richland County, MT; Bowman County, ND; and Harding County, SD. In theory, all of the horizontal drilling techniques explored in this project have merit for application fitting specific criteria. From a realistic point of view, the only relatively trouble-free, adequately-proven technology employed was the medium-radius steered motor/MWD technology. The slim-tool steered motor/MWD re-entry technology has been used extensively but appears to still be significantly in developmental stages. This technology will probably always be more troublesome than the technology used to drill new wells because the smaller diameter required for the tools contributes to both design and operational complexities. Although limited mechanical success has been achieved with some of the lateral jetting technologies and the Amoco tools, their predictability and reliability is unproven. Additionally, they appear to be limited to shallow depths and certain rock types. The Amoco technology probably has the most potential to be successfully developed for routinely reliable, field applications. A comparison of the various horizontal drilling technologies investigated is presented.

Carrell, L.A.; George, R.D.; Gibbons, D.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Approximation of lateral distribution of atmospheric Cherenkov light at different observation levels for different primary particles. Applications for cosmic ray studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This work summarizes the results presented at 29th International Cosmic Ray Conference in Pune India. Generally the aim of this work is to obtain the lateral distribution of the atmospheric Cherenkov light in extensive air showers produced by different primary particles in wide energy range and at several observation levels and to fit the obtained lateral distributions. Using one large detector and partially modified CORSIKA code version are obtained the lateral distributions of Cherenkov light flux densities at several observation levels for different particle primaries precisely at 536 g/cm2 Chacaltaya, 700 g/cm2 Moussala and 875 g/cm2 Kartalska field observation levels for hadronic primaries and gamma quanta in the energy range 1011 eV-1016 eV. On the basis of the solution of over-determined inverse problem the approximation of these distributions is obtained. The same model function for all the primaries is used and for the different observation levels. The different model parameters for the different primaries and levels are obtained. The approximations are compared with polynomial approximation obtained with different method. Both approximations are used for detector efficiency estimation for the different experiments in preparation and estimation of the accuracy of the reconstruction techniques. At the same time inclined showers up to 30 degrees zenith angle are studied at Chacaltaya observation level. The obtained lateral distributions of vertical showers are compared with vertical showers model and the previously obtained approximation. This permits to adjust the reconstruction strategy and to study the model parameters behavior.

Alexander Mishev; Strashimir Mavrodiev; Jordan Stamenov

2005-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

276

The role of the cant and lateral position of the steering wheel in the orientation of drivers to the location of the automotive pedals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

examined the effects of three steering wheel cants and three steering wheel lateral positions on drivers' preferred automotive foot pedal locations and separation distances. The dependent variables were the preferred vertical and horizontal positions... in orienting the driver to the locations of the pedals and should be part of any design recommendations detailing the relationship between the driver and the foot pedals. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I would like to thank the chairman of my Advisory Committee, Dr...

Sherrod, M. G

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Method and an apparatus to control the lateral motion of a long metal bar being formed by a mechanical process such as rolling or drawing  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An adjustable guide, includes two or more mechanisms each having a rotatable retaining element containing a retaining groove with a variable radius in its perimeter surface. The grooves form a guidance path to control the lateral, i.e. non-axial, motion of a long bar moving along a longitudinal axis during a production process.The diameter of the guidance path varies according to the variable radii of the grooves. The guidance path increases in size at a predetermined rate, from a point of origin to an end point on the retaining groove. Rotating the retaining elements causes the diameter of the retaining grooves to change so that the size of the guidance path can be changed to match the diameter of the bar being rolled, size of the guidance path can be changed to fit the diameter of a new bar rolled without having to exchange the guide for a different sized guide, reduce fiction between the bar and the guide, a media, such as compressed air, can be injected between the retaining elements via orifices.Each retaining element is attached to a mounting apparatus. The mounting apparatus can be fixed or flexible. The flexible mounting apparatus includes one or more springs and one or more shock absorbers. A force neutral position of the flexible mounting apparatus is designed to be located on the predetermined ideal bar path line. The flexible mounting apparatus dissipates kinetic energy from the bar thereby reducing the bar's lateral motion relative to the ideal bar path line.The damping ratio of the mounting apparatus can be adjustable to alter the product's vibration mode to enable better control of the bar's lateral motion.

Chang, Tzyy-Shuh (Ann Arbor, MI); Huang, Hsun-Hau (Ann Arbor, MI); Lin, Chang-Hung (Ann Arbor, MI)

2007-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

278

LATERAL OFFSET OF THE CORONAL MASS EJECTIONS FROM THE X-FLARE OF 2006 DECEMBER 13 AND ITS TWO PRECURSOR ERUPTIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two GOES sub-C-class precursor eruptions occurred within {approx}10 hr prior to and from the same active region as the 2006 December 13 X4.3-class flare. Each eruption generated a coronal mass ejection (CME) with center laterally far offset ({approx}> 45 Degree-Sign ) from the co-produced bright flare. Explaining such CME-to-flare lateral offsets in terms of the standard model for solar eruptions has been controversial. Using Hinode/X-Ray Telescope (XRT) and EUV Imaging Spectrometer (EIS) data, and Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO)/Large Angle and Spectrometric Coronagraph (LASCO) and Michelson Doppler Imager (MDI) data, we find or infer the following. (1) The first precursor was a 'magnetic-arch-blowout' event, where an initial standard-model eruption of the active region's core field blew out a lobe on one side of the active region's field. (2) The second precursor began similarly, but the core-field eruption stalled in the side-lobe field, with the side-lobe field erupting {approx}1 hr later to make the CME either by finally being blown out or by destabilizing and undergoing a standard-model eruption. (3) The third eruption, the X-flare event, blew out side lobes on both sides of the active region and clearly displayed characteristics of the standard model. (4) The two precursors were offset due in part to the CME originating from a side-lobe coronal arcade that was offset from the active region's core. The main eruption (and to some extent probably the precursor eruptions) was offset primarily because it pushed against the field of the large sunspot as it escaped outward. (5) All three CMEs were plausibly produced by a suitable version of the standard model.

Sterling, Alphonse C.; Moore, Ronald L. [Space Science Office, VP62, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL 35812 (United States); Harra, Louise K., E-mail: alphonse.sterling@nasa.gov, E-mail: ron.moore@nasa.gov, E-mail: lkh@mssl.ucl.ac.uk [UCL-Mullard Space Science Laboratory, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking, Surrey RH5 6NT (United Kingdom)

2011-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

279

IMPROVED MISCIBLE NITROGEN FLOOD PERFORMANCE UTILIZING ADVANCED RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND HORIZONTAL LATERALS IN A CLASS I RESERVOIR - EAST BINGER (MARCHAND) UNIT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The cooperative agreement for this project was finalized and signed during April 2000. The official project start date was April 11, 2000. Initial reporting requirements, including the completion of a Project Management Plan, Milestone Plan and Log, and a Hazardous Substance Plan, were completed and submitted to the DOE in early May 2000. Work on the project tasks was initiated in May 2000. During the course of this budget period, efforts will focus on enhancing reservoir characterization work that had been in progress prior to the start of this grant project, incorporation of this information into an existing 3-D full-field compositional model, and utilization of a ''window area'' of the model (representing a selected pilot area) to evaluate the impacts of horizontal laterals on recovery in the miscible nitrogen flood. The ''window area'' model will also be used to design the most effective configuration and placement of the lateral sections. The following is a summary of progress made between April 11, 2000 and June 30, 2000.

Teresa Muhic

2000-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

280

Method and apparatus to control the lateral motion of a long metal bar being formed by a mechanical process such as rolling or drawing  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus to control lateral motion of a bar moving along a guidance path includes a pair of rotatable hubs each having at least first and second rollers at locations around the perimeter of the hub. The first roller has a first retaining groove of a first radius and the second roller has a second groove of a second radius smaller than the first radius. Each hub further includes at least one guiding element located between the rollers with a guide channel extending in the outer surface. A mounting system allows the hubs to be rotated between first and second positions. In the first position the first rollers oppose each other forming a guideway having a first, enlarged diameter for capturing a free end of an approaching bar. In the second position the second rollers form a second, smaller diameter to match the actual size of the bar.

Chang, Tzyy-Shuh (Ann Arbor, MI); Huang, Hsun-Hau (Ann Arbor, MI); Lin, Chang-Hung (Ypsilanti, MI)

2011-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lateral repulsion experienced" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Migration enhanced lateral epitaxial overgrowth of AlN and AlGaN for high reliability deep ultraviolet light emitting diodes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the growth of low-defect thick films of AlN and AlGaN on trenched AlGaN/sapphire templates using migration enhanced lateral epitaxial overgrowth. Incoherent coalescence-related defects were alleviated by controlling the tilt angle of growth fronts and by allowing Al adatoms sufficient residence time to incorporate at the most energetically favorable lattice sites. Deep ultraviolet light emitting diode structures (310 nm) deposited over fully coalesced thick AlN films exhibited cw output power of 1.6 mW at 50 mA current with extrapolated lifetime in excess of 5000 hours. The results demonstrate substantial improvement in the device lifetime, primarily due to the reduced density of growth defects.

Jain, R.; Sun, W.; Yang, J.; Shatalov, M.; Hu, X.; Sattu, A.; Lunev, A.; Deng, J.; Shturm, I.; Bilenko, Y.; Gaska, R. [Sensor Electronic Technology, Inc., 1195 Atlas Road, Columbia, South Carolina 29209 (United States); Shur, M. S. [Electrical Computer and Systems Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy New York 12180 (United States)

2008-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

282

Impact of artificial lateral quantum confinement on exciton-spin relaxation in a two-dimensional GaAs electronic system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate the effect of artificial lateral quantum confinement on exciton-spin relaxation in a GaAs electronic system. GaAs nanodisks (NDs) were fabricated from a quantum well (QW) by top-down nanotechnology using neutral-beam etching aided by protein-engineered bio-nano-templates. The exciton-spin relaxation time was 1.4 ns due to ND formation, significantly extended compared to 0.44 ns for the original QW, which is attributed to weakening of the hole-state mixing in addition to freezing of the carrier momentum. The temperature dependence of the spin-relaxation time depends on the ND thickness, reflecting the degree of quantum confinement.

Kiba, Takayuki, E-mail: tkiba@ist.hokudai.ac.jp; Murayama, Akihiro [Graduate School of Information Science and Technology, Hokkaido University, Kita 14, Nishi 9, Kita-ku, Sapporo (Japan); CREST Japan Science and Technology Agency, 5 Sanbancho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo (Japan); Tanaka, Toru [Graduate School of Information Science and Technology, Hokkaido University, Kita 14, Nishi 9, Kita-ku, Sapporo (Japan); Tamura, Yosuke [Institute of Fluid Science, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai (Japan); Higo, Akio [WPI-AIMR, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai (Japan); Thomas, Cedric [Institute of Fluid Science, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai (Japan); CREST Japan Science and Technology Agency, 5 Sanbancho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo (Japan); Samukawa, Seiji [Institute of Fluid Science, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai (Japan); WPI-AIMR, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai (Japan); CREST Japan Science and Technology Agency, 5 Sanbancho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo (Japan)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

283

IMPROVED MISCIBLE NITROGEN FLOOD PERFORMANCE UTILIZING ADVANCED RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND HORIZONTAL LATERALS IN A CLASS I RESERVOIR - EAST BINGER (MARCHAND) UNIT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The first horizontal well ever in the Marchand sandstone has been drilled. Although major difficulties arose with certain aspects of the drilling operation, a horizontal section of approximately 1300 was drilled. The section was left open hole as planned. The shales just above and between the Marchand sands appear to be very water-sensitive, requiring careful drilling practices. These shales were encountered in the middle part of the curve (45{sup o}-60{sup o}), which can be the most difficult part of a directional well to clean. Difficulties with these shales and cleaning this section led to a parted drill string, requiring a sidetrack. There were no major geologic ''surprises'', such as formation tops coming in much shallower or deeper than expected, or unexpected faults. Thin kaolinite beds were encountered in the horizontal section of the well. Previous descriptions of the mineralogy of this formation did not mention any kaolinite. The lateral extent of these beds is unknown. Completion of the well is under way. One additional injection profile was gathered during the quarter. Results are consistent with other recently profiles that show gas within the C Sand is overriding the oil and failing to sweep the deeper parts of the reservoir. International Reservoir Technologies, Inc. has completed the construction of the pilot area reservoir simulation model and the updating of historical production and injection data. They have begun fine-tuning the history match to better match production data and recently acquired pressure and profile data.

Joe Sinner

2001-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

284

IMPROVED MISCIBLE NITROGEN FLOOD PERFORMANCE UTILIZING ADVANCED RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND HORIZONTAL LATERALS IN A CLASS I RESERVOIR - EAST BINGER (MARCHAND) UNIT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Implementation of the work program of Budget Period 2 of the East Binger Unit (''EBU'') DOE Project continues. Major development work planned for the project includes the drilling of three horizontal production and one vertical injection wells, the conversion of five wells from production to injection service, and the expansion of injection capacity at the nitrogen management facility. Other work items include initiation of project monitoring and continued reservoir simulation. EBU 74G-2, the injection well planned to support the production of EBU 64-3H, has been drilled. Completion was underway at the time of this report. EBU 64-3H was fracture-stimulated during the period, further increasing production from this new horizontal well. Drilling of the final two wells of the pilot project is planned for 2003. Both are planned as horizontal producing wells. Work also began on projects aimed at increasing injection in the pilot area. The project to add compression and increase injection capacity at the nitrogen management facility was initiated, with completion targeted for March 2003. Additional producer-to-injector conversions are expected to be implemented around the same time. The revised history match of the simulation model has been completed, and work has begun to evaluate options with forecast simulations. The quality of the history match is significantly improved over the prior match. The predicted distribution of remaining reserves in the field is significantly changed. Decisions on projects planned for implementation later in Budget Period 2 will be guided by new forecasts.

Joe Sinner

2003-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

285

Laterally Mobile, Functionalized Self-Assembled Monolayers at the Fluorous?Aqueous Interface in a Plug-Based Microfluidic System: Characterization and Testing with Membrane Protein Crystallization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes a method to generate functionalizable, mobile self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) in plug-based microfluidics. Control of interfaces is advancing studies of biological interfaces, heterogeneous reactions, and nanotechnology. SAMs have been useful for such studies, but they are not laterally mobile. Lipid-based methods, though mobile, are not easily amenable to setting up the hundreds of experiments necessary for crystallization screening. Here we demonstrate a method, complementary to current SAM and lipid methods, for rapidly generating mobile, functionalized SAMs. This method relies on plugs, droplets surrounded by a fluorous carrier fluid, to rapidly explore chemical space. Specifically, we implemented his-tag binding chemistry to design a new fluorinated amphiphile, RfNTA, using an improved one-step synthesis of RfOEG under Mitsunobu conditions. RfNTA introduces specific binding of protein at the fluorous-aqueous interface, which concentrates and orients proteins at the interface, even in the presence of other surfactants. We then applied this approach to the crystallization of a his-tagged membrane protein, Reaction Center from Rhodobacter sphaeroides, performed 2400 crystallization trials, and showed that this approach can increase the range of crystal-producing conditions, the success rate at a given condition, the rate of nucleation, and the quality of the crystal formed.

Kreutz, Jason E.; Li, Liang; Roach, L. Spencer; Hatakeyama, Takuji; Ismagilov, Rustem F.; (UC)

2009-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

286

Viscoelasticity and Stokes-Einstein relation in repulsive and attractive colloidal glasses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 04120 Almeria, Andalucía, Spain Cristiano De Michele and Francesco Sciortino Dipartimento di Fisica, Intstituto Nazionale per la Fisica della Materia, Università di Roma La Sapienza, Piazzale Aldo Moro 2, I, Italy Piero Tartaglia Dipartimento di Fisica, Intstituto Nazionale per la Fisica della Materia

Sciortino, Francesco

287

Why do ultrasoft repulsive particles cluster and crystallize? Analytical results from density functional theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate the accuracy of the hypernetted chain closure and of the mean-field approximation for the calculation of the fluid-state properties of systems interacting by means of bounded and positive-definite pair potentials with oscillating Fourier transforms. Subsequently, we prove the validity of a bilinear, random-phase density functional for arbitrary inhomogeneous phases of the same systems. On the basis of this functional, we calculate analytically the freezing parameters of the latter. We demonstrate explicitly that the stable crystals feature a lattice constant that is independent of density and whose value is dictated by the position of the negative minimum of the Fourier transform of the pair potential. This property is equivalent with the existence of clusters, whose population scales proportionally to the density. We establish that regardless of the form of the interaction potential and of the location on the freezing line, all cluster crystals have a universal Lindemann ratio L = 0.189 at freezing. We further make an explicit link between the aforementioned density functional and the harmonic theory of crystals. This allows us to establish an equivalence between the emergence of clusters and the existence of negative Fourier components of the interaction potential. Finally, we make a connection between the class of models at hand and the system of infinite-dimensional hard spheres, when the limits of interaction steepness and space dimension are both taken to infinity in a particularly described fashion.

Christos N. Likos; Bianca M. Mladek; Dieter Gottwald; Gerhard Kahl

2007-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

288

Signal Processing 75 (1999) 1}10 Repulsive attractive network for baseline extraction on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as an energy minimizing dynamical system [9] and it is inspired from the universal law of gravitation where

Oztop, Erhan

289

Water skin anomalies: density, elasticity, hydrophobicity, thermal stability, interface repulsivity, etc  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Molecular undercoordination induced O:H-O bond relaxation and dual polarization dictates the supersolid behavior of water skins interacting with other substances such as flowing in nanochannels, dancing of water droplets, floating of insects. The BOLS-NEP notion unifies the Wenzel-Cassie-Baxter models and explains controllable transition between hydrophobicity and hydrophilicity.

Chang Q. Sun

2015-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

290

Direct Experimental Probe of the On-Site Coulomb Repulsion in the Doubly  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed Newcatalyst phasesData FilesShape,PhysicsDileepDiracNanotubes . | EMSLin

291

Direct imaging of repulsive and attractive colloidal glasses Laura J. Kaufmana  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the same phenomenol- ogy as molecular glassy systems. From a macroscopic point of view, colloidal glasses

Kaufman, Laura

292

Balance of Attraction and Repulsion in Nucleic-Acid Base Stacking:  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series to someone6 M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, P. Study ofJ U LY 2AVS trustee

293

Resonance emission spectroscopy of predissociating SO2 C~ ,,1 1 Coupling with a repulsive 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

absorption and fluorescence excitation spectra of the C~ X~ transition under bulb conditions at room temperature and showed clearly that the fluorescence intensity drops abruptly for ex- citation wavelengths. They observed the laser-induced fluores- cence LIF spectrum of jet-cooled SO2 and reported the pre- dissociation

Butler, Laurie J.

294

Replacement of Mushroom Cage Gastrostomy Tube Using a Modified Technique to Allow Percutaneous Replacement with an Endoscopic Tube in Patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Radiologic inserted gastrostomy (RIG) is the preferred method in our institution for enteral feeding in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Skin-level primary-placed mushroom cage gastrostomy tubes become tight with weight gain. We describe a minimally invasive radiologic technique for replacing mushroom gastrostomy tubes with endoscopic mushroom cage tubes in ALS. All patients with ALS who underwent replacement of a RIG tube were included. Patients were selected for a modified replacement when the tube length of the primary placed RIG tube was insufficient to allow like-for-like replacement. Replacement was performed under local anesthetic and fluoroscopic guidance according to a preset technique, with modification of an endoscopic mushroom cage gastrostomy tube to allow percutaneous placement. Assessment of the success, safety, and durability of the modified technique was undertaken. Over a 60-month period, 104 primary placement mushroom cage tubes in ALS were performed. A total of 20 (19.2%) of 104 patients had a replacement tube positioned, 10 (9.6%) of 104 with the modified technique (male n = 4, female n = 6, mean age 65.5 years, range 48-85 years). All tubes were successfully replaced using this modified technique, with two minor complications (superficial wound infection and minor hemorrhage). The mean length of time of tube durability was 158.5 days (range 6-471 days), with all but one patient dying with a functional tube in place. We have devised a modification to allow percutaneous replacement of mushroom cage gastrostomy feeding tubes with minimal compromise to ALS patients. This technique allows tube replacement under local anesthetic, without the need for sedation, an important consideration in ALS.

Ammar, Thoraya [King's College Hospital, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom); Rio, Alan [King's College Hospital, Department of Dietetics (United Kingdom); Ampong, Mary Ann [King's College Hospital, Department of Neurosciences (United Kingdom); Sidhu, Paul S., E-mail: paulsidhu@nhs.ne [King's College Hospital, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

295

Improved Miscible Nitrogen Flood Performance Utilizing Advanced Reservoir Characterization and Horizontal Laterals in a Class I Reservoir - East Binger (Marchand) Unit  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The DOE-sponsored project at the East Binger Unit is an investigation into the benefits of reservoir characterization and horizontal wells in this particular setting of geologic and recovery method. The geologic setting is a tight (average porosity of 7% and average permeability of less than 1 millidarcy) Pennsylvanian-age sandstone at about 10,000 feet, and the recovery method is a miscible nitrogen flood. The projected oil recovery of the East Binger Unit, prior to the initiation of this project, was about 25%. Gravity segregation of nitrogen and crude oil was believed to be the principal cause of the poor sweep efficiency, and it was envisioned that with horizontal producing wells in the lower portion of the reservoir and horizontal injection wells near the top, the process could be converted from a lateral displacement process to a vertical displacement/gravity assisted process. Through the characterization and field development work completed in Budget Periods 1 and 2, Binger Operations, LLC (BOL) has developed a different interpretation of the sweep problem as well as a different approach to improving recovery. The sweep problem is now believed to be one of an areal nature, due to a combination of natural and hydraulic fracturing. Vertical wells have provided a much better economic return than have the horizontal wells. The natural and hydraulic fracturing manifests itself as a direction of higher permeability, and the flood is being converted to a line drive flood aligned with this orientation. Consistent with this concept, horizontal wells have been drilled along the line of the fracture orientation, such that hydraulic fracturing leads to 'longitudinal' fractures, in line with the wellbore. As such, the hydraulically fractured horizontal wells are not significantly different than hydraulically fractured vertical wells - save for the potential for a much longer fracture face. This Topical Report contains data from new wells, plus new and updated production, pressure, and gas analysis data that was not included in the Topical Report provided at the end of Budget Period 1. The analysis and interpretation of these data are provided in the many technical reports submitted throughout this project.

Joe Sinner

2004-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

296

Determination of lateral size distribution of type-II ZnTe/ZnSe stacked submonolayer quantum dots via spectral analysis of optical signature of the Aharanov-Bohm excitons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For submonolayer quantum dot (QD) based photonic devices, size and density of QDs are critical parameters, the probing of which requires indirect methods. We report the determination of lateral size distribution of type-II ZnTe/ZnSe stacked submonolayer QDs, based on spectral analysis of the optical signature of Aharanov-Bohm (AB) excitons, complemented by photoluminescence studies, secondary-ion mass spectroscopy, and numerical calculations. Numerical calculations are employed to determine the AB transition magnetic field as a function of the type-II QD radius. The study of four samples grown with different tellurium fluxes shows that the lateral size of QDs increases by just 50%, even though tellurium concentration increases 25-fold. Detailed spectral analysis of the emission of the AB exciton shows that the QD radii take on only certain values due to vertical correlation and the stacked nature of the QDs.

Ji, Haojie; Dhomkar, Siddharth; Roy, Bidisha; Kuskovsky, Igor L. [Department of Physics, Queens College of CUNY, Queens, New York 11367 (United States); The Graduate Center of CUNY, New York, New York 10016 (United States); Shuvayev, Vladimir [Department of Physics, Queens College of CUNY, Queens, New York 11367 (United States); Deligiannakis, Vasilios; Tamargo, Maria C. [The Graduate Center of CUNY, New York, New York 10016 (United States); Department of Chemistry, City College of CUNY, New York, New York 10031 (United States); Ludwig, Jonathan [National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Tallahassee, Florida 32310 (United States); Department of Physics, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306 (United States); Smirnov, Dmitry [National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Tallahassee, Florida 32310 (United States); Wang, Alice [Evans Analytical Group, Sunnyvale, California 94086 (United States)

2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

297

Biomechanical Difference between Chronic Ankle Instability Individuals and Healthy Individuals during Landing on Flat, Inverted and Combined Surfaces.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Lateral ankle sprains most frequently occurs during sports. Individuals who experienced a first time ankle sprain had a high reoccurrence rate and residual symptoms… (more)

Liu, Xuan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Measurement of the absorption coefficient for light laterally propagating in light-emitting diode structures with In{sub 0.2}Ga{sub 0.8}N/GaN quantum wells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A procedure for measuring the absorption coefficient for light propagating parallel to the surface of a GaN-based light emitting diode chip on a sapphire substrate is suggested. The procedure implies the study of emission from one end face of the chip as the opposite end face is illuminated with a light emitting diode. The absorption coefficient is calculated from the ratio between the intensities of emission emerging from the end faces of the sapphire substrate and the epitaxial layer. From the measurements for chips based on p-GaN/In{sub 0.2}Ga{sub 0.8}N/n-GaN structures, the lateral absorption coefficient is determined at a level of (23 {+-} 3)cm{sup -1} at a wavelength of 465 nm. Possible causes for the discrepancy between the absorption coefficients determined in the study and those reported previously are analyzed.

Lelikov, Yu. S.; Bochkareva, N. I.; Gorbunov, R. I.; Martynov, I. A.; Rebane, Yu. T.; Tarkin, D. V.; Shreter, Yu. G. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physicotechnical Institute (Russian Federation)], E-mail: YShreter@mail.ioffe.ru

2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

299

Thememory: Experiencing Thematic Photos in Daily Practice Kai-Yin Cheng  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

keynes@cmlab.csie.ntu.edu.tw Ko-Yuan Chou National Taiwan University koyuan@cmlab.csie.ntu.edu.tw Bing-Yu Chen National Taiwan University robin@ntu.edu.tw Figure 1. Interaction with the Thememory. (a Effect (template dependent) Photos X Theme Templates Progressive Reminder Preprocessing Theme

Ouhyoung, Ming

300

Experiencing Maya Palaces: Royal Power, Space, and Architecture at Holmul, Guatemala  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

headquarters. The stucco and plaster facades of ancient Mayafrom the formerly white plaster (Schele 1985:37). The colorwere found, all beneath plaster floors, and all children.

Mongelluzzo, Ryan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lateral repulsion experienced" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Strain Measurement of Geological Samples Subjected to Triaxial Stresses Experienced During Hydraulic Loading  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Understanding stress and strain relationships and having the ability to predict these quantities for known load conditions is crucial to all geomechanical and, in some instances, reservoir flow applications. The constitutive equations governing the deformation of geological materials are typically adequate for bulk or large scale deformation and stress analyses. However, these rules are generally less precise in their ability to make accurate predictions in physical processes where highly localized material heterogeneity exists or where the presence of geometric irregularities such as micro-cracks may be present. This is especially relevant to EGS where hydraulic fracture propagation models are needed to develop optimal reservoir creation strategies and where fracture permeability is significantly influenced by regional stress states and may affect reservoir operation strategies. The deficiencies of the models used to describe these physical processes are a practical reality necessitated by the manner in which rock properties must be obtained. Conventional rock mechanics tests subject samples to controlled load conditions and measure bulk deformations of the sample or more localized deformations only on exposed surfaces of the sample. They are currently unable to comprehensively map the deformation state within the sample. For processes such as fracture, however, the state of a particular region within the rock drives the overall failure behavior of the sample. The authors believe that possessing a means to measure strains within samples subjected to hydraulic fracture loading conditions will provide a useful tool for understanding the localized effects not captured by conventional techniques and may serve as a method for improving hydraulic fracture models. An ongoing effort at Oak Ridge National Laboratory endeavors to develop a neutron diffraction based strain measurement capability to interrogate the strain state of a geological sample, at arbitrary internal locations, subjected to a triaxial stress state. The basis of the method and initial results for simple load conditions were reported at last year s Stanford Geothermal Workshop. This work will report results from recent neutron diffraction strain measurement experiments in which marble samples were subjected to load conditions more representative of hydraulic fracturing operations within a pressure cell specially designed for the reported strain measurement technique.

An, Ke [ORNL] [ORNL; Anovitz, Lawrence {Larry} M [ORNL; Dessieux Jr, Luc Lucius [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

The Determinants of Homeonwership in Presence of Shocks Experienced by Mexican Households  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

para el Desarrollo de Recursos Humanos (FIDERH) for providing me financial support for graduate studies. I want to acknowledge the invaluable support that the Mexican Family Life Survey (MxFLS) provided through its website and for that reason...

Lopez Cabrera, Jesus Antonio 1977-

2012-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

303

So They Built A Better Trap--for Lobsters The lobster fishery has experienced radi-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

trawling at first, but it did not work. Lobsters often were damaged, and the trawling gear was damaged slats with polyvinyl-coated wire mesh because it resisted water less and therefore lasted longer. This concept was carried over to an all-metal polyvinyl or aluminum -coated trap. This was heavier and less

304

Touch, taste & devour: phenomenology of film and the film experiencer in the cinema of sensations.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis explores the possibilities of reconciling corporeal and visceral film experience with theory. It provides an analyses of two contemporary films; Marina de Van's… (more)

Aaltonen, Minna-Ella

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Experiencing emotional labor: an analysis of the discursive construction of emotional labor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. These individuals relinquish control over their own emotions to their employer?s mandates or their company?s policies in exchange for some type of compensation. Thus, for emotional labor scholars, ?emotion is not a reaction to work, it is the work? and service.... In her seminal writings, Hochschild (1979; 1983) argued that emotional labor had a negative effect on individuals? psychological health. She claimed that emotional labor created ?estrangement between what a person senses as her ?true self...

Haman, Mary Kathryn

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

306

Fact #858 February 2, 2015 Retail Gasoline Prices in 2014 Experienced the  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat PumpRecord ofESPCofConstructionofFYOxide EmissionEconomy thanNewVehicle

307

File:Experiencing PBL The Wind Power Project .pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision has beenFfe2fb55-352f-473b-a2dd-50ae8b27f0a6 NoSanEnergy0).pdf Jump to:Wordsearch.pdf

308

File:Experiencing PBL The Wind Power Project lesson plan.pdf | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision has beenFfe2fb55-352f-473b-a2dd-50ae8b27f0a6 NoSanEnergy0).pdf Jump to:Wordsearch.pdfInformation

309

Experiencing Education, Chapter One Dewey Creates a New Kind of School  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

communities. Students learned best while engaged in activities that involved creative problem, for example­were used as ways to teach practical lessons of reading and arithmetic. Dewey's ideas by memorization and drill, in contrast, left children seriously underdeveloped. Dewey and his successors

Pritchard, Jonathan

310

Hydrocarbons emitted by waggle-dancing honey bees stimulate colony foraging activity by causing experienced  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of honey bee foraging (see reviews by Dyer 2002; Grüter and Farina 2009). Recently, solid-phase micro, then do they subsequently engage in foraging behav- ior following their departure? If the hydro- carbons

311

The analysis of Lobo and Visser applied to both Natario and Casimir warp drives. Physical reactions of gravitational repulsive behavior  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The analysis of Lobo and Visser applied to both Natario and Casimir warp drives. Physical reactions of General Relativity. There are at the present moment two known solutions: The Alcubierre warp drive discovered in 1994 and the Natario warp drive discovered in 2001. The major drawback concerning warp drives

Boyer, Edmond

312

Path-space measure for the Fokker-Planck equation with repulsive force of polynomial growth and its  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

endpoints, and prove in §2.4 that (t, x) defined as the standard part of the sum of the contributions from

313

Kinetic lattice gas model of collective diffusion in a one-dimensional system with long-range repulsive interactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of these observations recent results on efficient low temperature self-reorganization through devil's staircase phases

Zaluska-Kotur, Magdalena

314

Polymer translocation into laterally unbounded confined environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using Langevin dynamics simulations in three dimensions (3D), we investigate the dynamics of polymer translocation into the regions between two parallel plane walls with separation $R$ under a driving force $F$, respectively. Compared with an unconfined environment, the translocation dynamics is greatly changed due to the crowding effect of the partially translocated monomers. Translocation time $\\tau$ initially decreases rapidly with increasing $R$ and then saturates for larger $R$, and the confined environment leads to a nonuniversal dependence of $\\tau$ on $F$.

Kaifu Luo; Ralf Metzler

2010-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

315

Lateral Quantum Dots for Quantum Information Processing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a superconducting Josephson junction device to a microwavequbits constructed from Josephson junction devices, coupled

House, Matthew Gregory

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Lateral Quantum Dots for Quantum Information Processing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of gate voltage V P , which shows a broad oscillation whicha function of a gate voltage. These oscillations represent aof gate voltage V P , which shows a broad oscillation which

House, Matthew Gregory

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Later Tertiary Leporidae of North America  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Saskatchewan. Generic characters. Compared with Megalagus brachyodon, cheek-teeth less hypsodont, molarization of premolars less advanced, molars less reduced, and maxilla and mandibular ramus narrower in premolar region; P3-P4 each having shallow hypostria... the Myton Pocket in Utah and M. wyomingensis from Badwater Creek, Wyoming, specimens from the Wagonhound member of the Uinta Eocene, the Duchesne River (Rand- lett horizon), and the Swift Current Creek beds of Saskatchewan have been referred to this genus...

Dawson, M. R.

1958-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Visualizing lateral anisotropy in modern carbonates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; purkis@nova.edu Sam Purkis' research interests are in applied sedimentology, petroleum geology sedimentology concepts to improve geostatistical reservoir models. Vlaswinkel's experience includes seismic

Purkis, Sam

319

Towards reproducible, scalable lateral molecular electronic devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a renaissance in recent years, due in part to the fact that silicon-based devices have continued to decrease in size towards molecular dimensions. Transistors have been fabricated with gate lengths as short as 3 nm [1], and a plethora of new... REFERENCES 1. Hyunjin Lee et al, 2006 Symposium on VLSI Technology, 58, 2006, DOI: 10.1109/VLSIT.2006.1705215 2. K. Tomioka, M. Yoshimura & T. Fukui, Nature, 488, 189 (2012) 3. G. Larrieu & X. –L. Han, Nanoscale, 5, 2437 (2013) 4. A. D. Franklin, S. O...

Durkan, Colm; Zhang, Qian

2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

320

Lateral Quantum Dots for Quantum Information Processing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

V T by ?tting. The equivalent resistance R r and capacitanceare the RLC model equivalent resistance R r and capacitanceV T by ?tting. The equivalent resistance R r and capacitance

House, Matthew Gregory

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lateral repulsion experienced" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Van der Waals and Casimir interactions between atoms and carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The van der Waals and Casimir interactions of a hydrogen atom (molecule) with a single-walled and a multiwalled carbon nanotubes are compared. It is shown that the macroscopic concept of graphite dielectric permittivity is already applicable for nanotubes with only two or three walls. The absorption of hydrogen atoms by a nanotube at separations below one nanometer is considered. The lateral force due to exchange repulsion moves the atom to a position above the cell center, where it is absorbed by the nanotube because the repulsive force cannot balance the van der Waals attraction.

G. L. Klimchitskaya; E. V. Blagov; V. M. Mostepanenko

2008-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

322

Mispredicted branches and loads that miss in the cache cause the majority of retirement stalls experienced by sequential pro-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

forks a copy of its computation as a new kind of speculative thread: a data-driven thread (DDT). The DDT faster since it fetches and executes only the critical computation and not the whole program. A DDT "pre-driven thread (DDT). A DDT is data- driven in the sense that it is not necessarily a dynamically con- tiguous

Sohi, Guri S.

323

Post Doctoral Associate Position on Carbon Nanomaterials We are looking for a highly motivated, experienced, and talented Post Doctoral Scholar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-based Nanomaterials and Composites with Applications in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. This project is related to the Research Program "Advanced Materials for Highly Efficient Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells ­ AdMatDSC" funded of the project in the next generation of dye-sensitized solar cells devices. Description of the project

324

Synthetic Chemistry Post Doctoral Associate We are looking for a highly motivated, experienced, and talented Post Doctoral Scholar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Compounds with Applications in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. This project is related to the Research Program "Advanced Materials for Highly Efficient Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells ­ AdMatDSC" financed by the Greek of the project in the next generation of dye-sensitized solar cells devices. Description of the project

325

Appraisal, Coping, Social Support, Perceived Patient Safety and Intent to Leave in Emergency Department RNs Who Have Experienced Workplace Violence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

E.J. (2007). Measuring safety culture in the ambulatoryE.J. (2007). Measuring safety culture in the ambulatoryE.J. ( 2007). Measuring safety culture in the ambulatory

Howerton Child, Rebekah Jay

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Risk to Resilience : : Exploring Protective Factors for Students Experiencing Homelessness at a Traditional High School and a Modified Comprehensive School  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1994). School culture components including safety, educatorCulture and Climate ..41 Safety Culture and Climate ..82 Safety

Garcia, Joel Romero

327

Surface expression of eastern Mediterranean slab dynamics: Neogene topographic and structural evolution of the southwest margin of the Central Anatolian Plateau, Turkey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

he southwest margin of the Central Anatolian Plateau has experienced multiple phases of topographic growth, including the formation of localized highs prior to the Late Miocene that were later affected by wholesale uplift ...

Schildgen, T. F.

328

Urban narrative and reinvention in Hicks-Logan-Sawyer : creating an effective gateway to a vital New Bedford  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New Bedford, Massachusetts famously experienced two major waves of prosperity, as the worldwide capital of the whaling industry in the early 19th century, and then as a major textile production century decades later. It ...

Koretz, Noah B. (Noah Benjamin)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Raman spectroscopy of solutions and interfaces containing nitrogen dioxide, water, and 1,4 dioxane: Evidence for repulsion of surface water by NO{sub 2} gas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The interaction of water, 1,4 dioxane, and gaseous nitrogen dioxide, has been studied as a function of distance measured through the liquid-vapour interface by Raman spectroscopy with a narrow (<0.1 mm) laser beam directed parallel to the interface. The Raman spectra show that water is present at the surface of a dioxane-water mixture when gaseous NO{sub 2} is absent, but is virtually absent from the surface of a dioxane-water mixture when gaseous NO{sub 2} is present. This is consistent with recent theoretical calculations that show NO{sub 2} to be mildly hydrophobic.

Murdachaew, Garold [Institute of Chemistry and the Fritz Haber Research Center for Molecular Dynamics, Hebrew University, Jerusalem 91904 (Israel)] [Institute of Chemistry and the Fritz Haber Research Center for Molecular Dynamics, Hebrew University, Jerusalem 91904 (Israel); Varner, Mychel E.; Veer, Wytze E. van der [Department of Chemistry, University of California, Irvine, California 92697 (United States)] [Department of Chemistry, University of California, Irvine, California 92697 (United States); Gerber, R. Benny [Institute of Chemistry and the Fritz Haber Research Center for Molecular Dynamics, Hebrew University, Jerusalem 91904 (Israel) [Institute of Chemistry and the Fritz Haber Research Center for Molecular Dynamics, Hebrew University, Jerusalem 91904 (Israel); Department of Chemistry, University of California, Irvine, California 92697 (United States); Phillips, Leon F., E-mail: leon.phillips@canterbury.ac.nz [Department of Chemistry, University of California, Irvine, California 92697 (United States); Department of Chemistry, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch (New Zealand)

2014-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

330

Hydrodynamic attraction and repulsion between asymmetric rotors This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

switching between different ports. Here we focus our attention to devices based on either artificial by the superconducting gap, high temperature layered superconductors, including Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+x and YBaCuO, lift

Schmidt, Matthias

331

Simple pressuremeter approach to lateral loads on piles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

deflection is defined as the numerical value of 0. 015 B (mm), where B is the pile diameter. Limit pressure is the pressure required to expand the pressuremeter tube to twice the initial volume, inside the borehole (42% hoop strain at the cavity wall, Fig... are presented in Figs. 3a and 3b. B = 610 mm L = 24000 mm EI = 1. 83 E 05 kN-m2 Try a critical depth of 5 " B = 5 X 610 mm = 3. 5 m Pl = 207 kN/m2 R. R = ? 4 ? ? I WEI (3) I 183E+ 05kN ? m' 0. 614 207 kN m' D, = ? B(4) ?. ? 5) 3 /EI 4 )pi Dc= 1...

Donthireddy, Srinivas

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

One year later: Are MPAA's tobacco labels protecting audiences?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

released by major studios (Sony, Time Warner) and one by anG/PG Disney GE News Corp. Sony Time Warner Viacom Non-MPAAGE GE News Corp. Lionsgate Sony Disney GE News Corp. Time

Polansky, Jonathan; Kori Titus, MBA; Glantz, Stanton A. Ph.D.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Six months later: Are MPAA's tobacco ratings protecting movie audiences?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such imagery: Saved! (PG-13: Sony, 2004). The MPAA is notdistribution in the U.S. by Sony — does not describe “teen”Company Disney GE Lionsgate Sony GE News Corp. Disney Disney

Polansky, Jonathan R.; Glantz, PhD, Stanton; Titus, MBA, Kori

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Astronomy & Astrophysics manuscript no. (will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL, 33431, USA 4 Dept of Phys & Astron and Center (1987) showed that its central intensity and equivalent width were well correlated with the Ca ii K 3933

335

Low voltage solid-state lateral coloration electrochromic device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A solid-state transition metal oxide device comprising a plurality of lay having a predisposed orientation including an electrochromic oxide layer. Conductive material including anode and cathode contacts is secured to the device. Coloration is actuated within the electrochromic oxide layer after the application of a predetermined potential between the contacts. The coloration action is adapted to sweep or dynamically extend across the length of the electrochromic oxide layer.

Tracy, C. Edwin (Golden, CO); Benson, David K. (Golden, CO); Ruth, Marta R. (Boulder, CO)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Low voltage solid-state lateral coloration electrochromic device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A solid-state transition metal oxide device comprising a plurality of layers having a predisposed orientation including an electrochromic oxide layer. Conductive material including anode and cathode contacts is secured to the device. Coloration is actuated within the electrochromic oxide layer after the application of a predetermined potential between the contacts. The coloration action is adapted to sweep or dynamically extend across the length of the electrochromic oxide layer.

Tracy, C.E.; Benson, D.K.; Ruth, M.R.

1984-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

337

Astronomy & Astrophysics manuscript no. (will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

organic molecules, particularly of carbon-chain species such as the polyacetylenes and cyanopolyynes Send o#11;print requests to: A.J. Markwick 200 RIGHT ASCENSION OFFSET (ARC SEC.) DECLINATION OFFSET

Millar, Tom

338

Astronomy & Astrophysics manuscript no. (will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

range log T = 4.6-5.4 K. Most of the spectral power above the umbra is contained in the 5-7 mHz frequency range. When the cds slit crosses the sunspot umbra a clear 3 min oscillation is observed

339

Astronomy & Astrophysics manuscript no. (will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the EUV The gas pressure differential between the umbra and surrounding region J.G. Doyle1 and M the sunspot umbra. Internal agreement between the various ratios is excellent which would suggest that the O V from outside the spot into the umbra at transition region temperatures that is the main cause

340

Astronomy & Astrophysics manuscript no. (will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the EUV The gas pressure differential between the umbra and surrounding region J.G. Doyle 1 and M the sunspot umbra. Internal agreement between the various ratios is excellent which would suggest that the O flowing from outside the spot into the umbra at transition region temperatures that is the main cause

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lateral repulsion experienced" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Hurricane Sandy One Year Later: Rebuilding Stronger, More Resilient...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

of key energy facilities and infrastructure. The Department's actions supported "boots on the ground" efforts that included deploying personnel to the National and Regional...

342

Decentralized local approach for lateral control of platoons Jano YAZBECK  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the vehicles. On the other side, a decentralized control is more robust as each vehicle is autonomous deals with platooning problem that aims to steer a train of vehicles along a trajectory. Many techniques control requires communication between vehicles: any data loss may prevent the correct behavior

Boyer, Edmond

343

The Hanford Fire Department Paramedic Firefighter and Lateral...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

UPDATED: Friday, August 08, 2014 The Hanford Fire Department (HFD) is actively hiring for immediate openings in the following job classifications: * Entry level Paramedic...

344

Astronomy & Astrophysics manuscript no. (will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Introduction Flares are the most violent manifestation of solar activ- ity, releasing in only a few minutes contribution is too small to account completely for heating of the solar corona. The most energetic ares energy re- leases. Collectively, these weakest events might contribute the bulk of the required power

McKenzie, David E.

345

Experimental Automatic Lateral Control System For An Automobile  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Control System for an Automobile Huei Peng, Wei-Bin Zhang,system for a full scaled automobile. Previous PATH programsystem for steering on an automobile. Due to their mutual

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Astronomy & Astrophysics manuscript no. (will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

using as a reference those of other WC8 stars in the solar neighbourhood as well as those of WR 135 collected at the German-Spanish Astronomical Centre, Calar Alto, operated by the Max-Planck- Institut f to the energy budget and chemical enrichment of their parent galaxy. Through their stellar winds, they enrich

Comerón, Fernando

347

A REALISTIC EXAMINATION OF COLD FUSION CLAIMS 24 YEARS LATER  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On March 29, 1989, chemists Martin Fleischmann and Stanley Pons announced they had discovered an effect whose explanation was required to lie in the realm of nuclear reactions. Their claim, and those subsequent to it of roughly similar nature, became known as ‘cold fusion’. Research continues to this day on this effect, but what has become clear is that whatever it is, it is not a conventional fusion process. Thus the ‘cold fusion’ moniker is somewhat inappropriate and many current researchers in the field prefer the term “Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENR)”, although other terms have been coined for it as well. the results developed out of the LENR research do in fact show something is happening to produce signals which might be interpreted as supporting nuclear reactions (which is what encourages and sustains LENR researchers), but which can also be interpreted via a set of unique and interesting conventional processes. The focus of this document is to describe and address recent objections to such processes so that subsequent LENR research can be guided to develop information that will determine whether either set of explanations has merit. It is hoped that criteria delineated herein will aid the USDOE and other agencies in determining if LENR proposals are meritorious and worthy of support or not.

Shanahan, K.

2012-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

348

Lateral Symbiont Acquisition in a Maternally Transmitted Chemosynthetic Clam Endosymbiosis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-II clams from hydrothermal vents on the Juan de Fuca Ridge (northeastern Pacific) revealed a symbiont­eukaryote coevolution. These mutualisms dominate the fauna at deep-sea hydrothermal vents and cold seeps, where the invertebrate host facilitates access to substrates (sulfur or methane, oxygen, carbon dioxide) needed

Stewart, Frank

349

Organic lateral heterojunction devices for vapor-phase chemical detection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As the U.S. is engaged in battle overseas, there is an urgent need for the development of sensors for early warning and protection of military forces against potential attacks. On the battlefields, improvised explosive ...

Ho, John C., 1980-

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Economic viability of multiple-lateral horizontal wells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Horizontal wells are gaining popularity throughout the petroleum industry as a means to increase well productivity and enhance incremental economics. Horizontal wells provide greater reservoir exposure and are useful in intersecting additional pay...

Smith, Christopher Jason

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Occupational Electric Shocks, Electromagnetic Fields and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

drillers (8.75) and electrician apprentices (8.25). WithinElectricians Electrician apprentices Electrical poweryear included: electrician apprentices (99.7), mechanic and

Vergara, Ximena Patricia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Astronomy & Astrophysics manuscript no. (will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

0.9­1.4 ¯m spectroscopic observations of NGC1068 collected during the commissioning phase of ! ¸ 20 smaller than in supernova remnants. This indicates that most of iron is locked into grains and, therefore, argues against shock excitation being the primary origin of [Fe II] line emission in the central

Testi, Leonardo

353

Astronomy & Astrophysics manuscript no. (will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- doubtedly important in producing saturated species such as methanol, water, ammonia, and hydrogen sulphide the gas. The observations of deuterated methanol (Parise et al. 2002, 2004) and D 2 S (Vastel et al. 2003

Millar, Tom

354

Performance of a well with lateral and vertical wellbores  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by taking a correct slope of 260 psi/cycle. As of now, the radius of investigation is 8287 ft. It needs 7.9 years of injection to reach 850 psig of wellhead pressure....

Abdat, Toriq

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Instantons and Constituent Monopoles, nine years later Pierre van Baal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-called holon- omy) is non-trivial. They reveal more clearly the monopole constituent nature of these calorons

van Baal, Pierre

356

Astronomy & Astrophysics manuscript no. (will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The most important heating and cooling processes are heating through infrared pumping, heating due described by Kamp & Bertoldi (2000) are combined with a detailed heating/cooling balance for the gas show an infrared excess. In order to deal with a more homogeneous subgroup this paper concen- trates

Zadelhoff, Gerd-Jan van

357

Vesalius four centuries later. Medicine in the eighteenth century.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

onlookers crowd the benches, and at the foot of the table, the barbers sit igno- miniously sharpening instruments for the master. Among those on the bench is a student with a notebook bearing the initials "S.C."—a fact which has been taken as evidence...

Fulton, John F.

1950-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Lateral undulation of a snake-like robot  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Snake robots have been studied by many researchers but historically more on a theoretical basis. Recently, more and more robotic snakes have been realized in hardware. This thesis presents a design process for the electrical, ...

Gupta, Amit

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

INTRODUCTION Lateral propagation of folds is a process in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; (2) decrease in elevation of wind gaps; (3) decrease in relief of the topographic profile along in rotation and inclination of the forelimb. As a result of style of folding and variable geomorphic response

Keller, Ed

360

Augmented Reality for Later Playback of Videos Project Proposal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract: Augmented reality's popularity has recently exploded since mobile phones have had the capability the video and learn about where the user was. #12; 2 Table of Contents Abstract .................................................................................................................................................. 4 Previous Work

Miles, Will

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lateral repulsion experienced" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Power to the People...Energy for Now and Later  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Representing the Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center (CEFRC), this document is one of the entries in the Ten Hundred and One Word Challenge. As part of the challenge, the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers were invited to represent their science in images, cartoons, photos, words and original paintings, but any descriptions or words could only use the 1000 most commonly used words in the English language, with the addition of one word important to each of the EFRCs and the mission of DOE: energy. The mission of CEFRC is to develop a validated, predictive, multi-scale combusion modeling capacity which can be used to optimize the design and operation of evolving fuels in advanced engines for transportation applications.

Sung, Chih-Jen; Law, Chung K; Brady, Kyle; Curtis, Nicholas

2013-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

362

Robust Lateral Control of Heavy Duty Vehicles: Final Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

system tracks the desired front wheel steering angle ? 1 exactly, then the sliding variable asymptotically converges to a ball

Tai, Meihua; Tomizuka, Masayoshi

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Lateral Control of Heavy Vehicles for Automated Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

system tracks the desired front wheel steering angle (? 1 ) exactly, then the sliding variable will asymptotically converg to a ball,

Hingwe, Pushkar; Wang, Jen-Yu; Tai, Meihua; Tomizuka, Masayoshi

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Hurricane Sandy One Year Later: Rebuilding Stronger, More Resilient  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomentheATLANTA,Fermi National AcceleratorMemorandaTammara ThayerEnergy

365

TriLateral Energy LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWende NewSowitec do Brasil EnergiaSurPVTip forIdeas

366

Uncertain worlds of C{sub 4}, 10 years later  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The future demand for the C{sub 4} stream which includes butadiene, isobutene, and butene-1, and cis/trans butene-2 will be considered. Changing market applications will force petrochemical plants to adopt different processes to satisfy their individual demands.

Maffia, G. [Widener Univ., Chester, PA (United States)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Commanding lateral acceleration: a natural paradigm for automobile steering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the exhaust tunnel. It is sofi mounted with Velcro which helps to mechanically filter high frequency vibrations from the engine and the road. A 20 Hertz single pole low pass filter also helps to reduce some of the road noise and disturbances. Figure 3... coming &om the pulse generator helps to reduce the noise and iinprove the accuracy of speed sensing. 17 Servomotor The literature review showed that previous researchers have used both hydraulic actuators and electric motors in their steering control...

Kenny, Andrew

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Astronomy & Astrophysics manuscript no. (will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the bow shock consists of a spherical shell that is similar to a spherical blast wave. This shell cools observed in high redshifted radio galaxies and radio loud quasars. The neutral column behind the bow shock { Instabilities { Shock waves { Galaxies: jets { Radiation mechanisms: thermal { intergalactic medium 1

Krause, Martin

369

100 supercomputers later, Los Alamos high-performance computing still  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience hands-on halloweenReliable solar:2 OFsupports national security

370

Integrated Lateral Flow Test Strip with Electrochemical Sensor for  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfrared Land Surface

371

Magnetic Nanoparticle Capilary Flow as a Replacement for Lateral Flow  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and InterfacesAdministration -Lowell L.FallU . SChromatography - Energy

372

Presentation: JCESR: One Year Later | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists' Research | DepartmentDepartment of Energy 3, 2011 Issued toofMikeJoint Center for

373

Breakout Session Summary Reports National CHP Workshop - One Year Later,  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTie Ltd: ScopeDepartment1, DOE/SC-0095 Breakng

374

100 supercomputers later, Los Alamos high-performance computing still  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert SouthwestTechnologies | BlandinePrincetonOPT Optics MetrologyDepartment of00

375

Two Years Later: Bill Picciano of DOE's Savannah River Site ...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

-- Bill put in for the job. Within two months, Bill officially became an Associate EngineerTechnical Support Specialist at SRS with the Nuclear Nonproliferation (NNP)...

376

Reflood completion report: Volume 1. A phenomenological thermal-hydraulic model of hot rod bundles experiencing simultaneous bottom and top quenching and an optimization methodology for closure development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this report, a phenomenological model of simultaneous bottom-up and top-down quenching is developed and discussed. The model was implemented in the TRAC-PF1/MOD2 computer code. Two sets of closure relationships were compared within the study, the Absolute set and the Conditional set. The Absolute set of correlations is frequently viewed as the pure set because the correlations is frequently viewed as the pure set because the correlations utilize their original coefficients as suggested by the developer. The Conditional set is a modified set of correlations with changes to the correlation coefficient only. Results for these two sets indicate quite similar results. This report also summarizes initial results of an effort to investigate nonlinear optimization techniques applied to the closure model development. Results suggest that such techniques can provide advantages for future model development work, but that extensive expertise is required to utilize such techniques (i.e., the model developer must fully understand both the physics of the process being represented and the computational techniques being employed). The computer may then be used to improve the correlation of computational results with experiments.

Nelson, R.A. Jr.; Pimentel, D.A.; Jolly-Woodruff, S.; Spore, J.

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Broadening the Scope: Examining the Effects of CSCOPE and Prescribed Curriculum on Experienced English Language Arts Teachers--A Qualitative Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study examines the effects of the CSCOPE prescribed curriculum on four English language arts teachers. CSCOPE, created for implementation in Texas public schools, is directly aligned with the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS...

Tyrrell, Susan Michelle

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

378

Hello Friends! Times they are a-changing. Funny how things that were old are back in vogue and things we haven`t experienced  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Education Center-Suwannee Valley, $15, RSVP by September 30 at 386-362-2771 6 Ichetucknee Springs Working-362-2771 12 4-H County Council, Extension Office, 6pm 12 Happy Homemakers HCE volunteer club meeting

Jawitz, James W.

379

A Case Study of the Life Experiences of High School Graduates/General Education Development (GED) Recipients in Texas Who Experienced Homelessness During Their Public School Education  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Rolf & Glantz, 1999, p. 7). Garmezy?s identification of resilience among patients struggling with schizophrenia lead to his studies of stress resistant, invulnerable or resilient children. The idea that the resilient child can achieve and persevere...

Reider, Ruth Ann

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

380

Experienced Irrigation Technician (Brighton, MI) Beauchamp Lawn Care and Landscape is a property maintenance and landscape company that has been in Livingston  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

maintenance and landscape company that has been in Livingston County for over 20 years. We are looking Care and Landscape is a property maintenance and landscape company that has been in Livingston County Technicians (Brighton, MI) Beauchamp Lawn Care and Landscape is a property maintenance and landscape company

Isaacs, Rufus

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lateral repulsion experienced" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

THE EFFICACY OF AN EMOTIONAL ROLE-PLAY INTERVENTION VERSUS A PROBLEM-SOLVING APPROACH ON STRESS LEVELS AND AFFECT EXPERIENCED BY COLLEGE FRESHMAN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-play intervention. Participants were randomly assigned to a role-play intervention, problem-solving intervention, or control group condition. Perceived stress, positive affect, and negative affect were measured before and after the intervention and two weeks...

Sirridge, Kathryn McLean

2009-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

382

et al. 2003). Seasonal drought and extreme wind events make the WUI especially susceptible to fire. In late October, 2003, Southern California experienced the worst  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;et al. 2003). Seasonal drought and extreme wind events make the WUI especially susceptible. Multiple large wildfires driven by Santa Ana winds consumed more than 300,000 ha. These fires were moisture and high wind speeds that cause large wildfires in Southern California may not be predictable

Moritz, Max A.

383

Lateral Self-Aligned p-Type In2O3 Nanowire Arrays Epitaxially Grown on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and carried by the carrier gas and then condensed on the substrates. The source and samples were heated to 800 nanowire (NW) and nanorod (NR) arrays has been achieved by a vapor transport and condensation method. It is an important material that has applications in optoelec- tronic devices and sensors for gas and biological

Wang, Zhong L.

384

Astronomy & Astrophysics manuscript no. 1504 October 14, 2004 (DOI: will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, including those that could not be spectrally classified as supernova. Key words. supernovae:general

Perlmutter, Saul

385

Astronomy & Astrophysics manuscript no. 1504 October 14, 2004 (DOI: will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

candidates, including those that could not be spectrally classified as supernova. Key words. supernovae:general

Perlmutter, Saul

386

Blackout 2003: The August 14, 2003 Blackout One Year Later: Actions...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

A report to the US-Canada Power System Outage Task Force on steps taken in the United States and Canada to reduce blackout risk one year after the August 14, 2003 blackout. Report...

387

Lateral density and arrival time distributions of Cherenkov photons in extensive air showers: a simulation study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have investigated some features of the density and arrival time distributions of Cherenkov photons in extensive air showers using the CORSIKA simulation package. The main thrust of this study is to see the effect of hadronic interaction models on the production pattern of Cherenkov photons with respect to distance from the shower core. Such studies are very important in ground based $\\gamma$-ray astronomy for an effective rejection of huge cosmic ray background, where the atmospheric Cherenkov technique is being used extensively within the energy range of some hundred GeV to few TeV. We have found that for all primary particles, the density distribution patterns of Cherenkov photons follow the negative exponential function with different coefficients and slopes depending on the type of primary particle, its energy and the type of interaction model combinations. Whereas the arrival time distribution patterns of Cherenkov photons follow the function of the form $t (r) = t_{0}e^{\\Gamma/r^{\\lambda}}$, with different values of the function parameters. There is no significant effect of hadronic interaction model combinations onthe density and arrival time distributions for the $\\gamma$-ray primaries. However, for the hadronic showers, the effects of the model combinations are significant under different conditions. There are some contributions from shower to shower fluctuations to the density and arrival time deviations of Cherenkov photons apart from the contribution due to inherent differences in hadronic interaction models.

P. Hazarika; U. D. Goswami; V. R. Chitnis; B. S. Acharya; G. S. Das; B. B. Singh; R. Britto

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

388

Lateral resistance of ring-shank nail connections in Southern Pine lumber  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, lightly brushed, and blown dry with compressed air to remove grease as specified in ASTM D1761 (ASTM, 1995e), Nail characteristics were then measured for each nail used in bending yield strength tests, dowel bearing tests, and connection tests (Figure... and the yield load, the yisld moment was calculated from the following equation (ASTM, 1995c): P s~ M = r 1400 700 600 E, 500 400 O 3pp 200 ? Load Slope of load curve Point of Inflection 1200 1000 8 800 K 600 ~~ O rVl 400 100 200 0. 5 1...

Theilen, Ross Dean

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

A&A manuscript no. (will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­ and energy conservation of the whole jet­disk system to the standard Blandford & K¨onigl theory for compact that these objects consist of `maximal jets' with `total equipartition' where the magnetic energy flow of the jet. As the number of electrons is limited by the accretion flow, such a situation is only possible when the minimum

Falcke, Heino

390

Two years later: Are MPAA’s tobacco labels protecting movie audiences?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Szobinski Time Warner *Weinstein *Lionsgate Sony *First LookTime Warner Sony *Lifetime *Oscilloscope Limited No US Dist.News Corp. *Lionsgate Disney Sony Disney Time Warner Sony *

Polansky, Jonathan; Titus, Kori; Glantz, Stanton A. Ph.D.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Waste-to-Energy 25 Years Later: Technology with a Past, Present  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

solution Quite a Ride: UpsQuite a Ride: Ups MacArthur Resource Recovery Facility Islip, New York #12; Waste-to-energy Falls, New York #12; European Union: waste-to- energy preferable to landfills European Union directives and Consulting Federation of New York Solid Waste Associations Solid Waste/Recycling Conference Federation of New

Columbia University

392

A&A manuscript no. (will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Erd'elyi largely abandoned when it became clear from UV obser­ vations, that the energy flux of this heating has to be the convec­ tion zone which is a huge reservoir of kinetic energy. The real problem

393

A&A manuscript no. (will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Max­Planck­Institut f¨ur extraterrestrische Physik, Postfach 1603, D--85740 Garching, Germany 3 ISO for the grating sections are â??=ffiâ?? ¸ 10000. Any remaining errors in the wavelength scale are dominated is described in Schaeidt et al (1996). Pre­flight the wavelength calibration of the two grat­ ing sections

394

A&A manuscript no. (will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

source in Orion M.Pohl Max­Planck­Institut fË?ur extraterrestrische Physik, Postfach 1603, 85740 Garching and Dermer 1995). In the next section I will show that the observed emission from the Orion region can

Pohl, Martin Karl Wilhelm

395

A&A manuscript no. (will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1603, 85740 Garching, Germany 2 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 660, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA 3 extragalactic background. In the next section (Sec.2) we consider the time­averaged behaviour of sources

Pohl, Martin Karl Wilhelm

396

Deterministic and Probabilistic Simple Model for Single Pile Behavior under Lateral Truck Impact  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is a simple model with an estimation of each parameter. In order to contribute uncertainties in parameters and the model, a probabilistic model is also designed, and finally a fragility estimation is made by using these models. The research covers 4...

Mirdamadi, Alireza

2014-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

397

A&A manuscript no. (will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) and thermal conductivity of matter in the outer NS envelope. For non­magnetized NSs with en­ velopes composed) have con­ sidered strongly magnetized NS envelopes. In this article, we will reconsider thermal with accreted envelopes A.Y. Potekhin 1,2# , G. Chabrier 2 , and D.G.Yakovlev 1 1 Io#e Physical

398

Astronomy & Astrophysics manuscript no. 3173 April 9, 2003 (DOI: will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

@astro.phys.ethz.ch, arzner@astro.phys.ethz.ch 2 Columbia Astrophysics Laboratory, Columbia University, 550 West 120th Street interpret the X­ray light curve obtained by XMM­Newton during a total X­ray eclipse in the nearby binary star. The secondary G star is a young, active solar analog with an age of a few 100 Myr. As the primary

Guedel, Manuel

399

Astronomy & Astrophysics manuscript no. 3615text February 28, 2006 (DOI: will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

heating. The detected flares are non white­light flares and, although most solar flares are of this kind for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA 3 Armagh Observatory, College Hill, Armagh BT61 9DG, N surface -- are comparable with the size inferred for other solar and stellar flares. We studied

400

Astronomy & Astrophysics manuscript no. 3615text March 3, 2006 (DOI: will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

heating. The detected flares are non white-light flares and, although most solar flares are of this kind, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA 3 Armagh Observatory, College Hill, Armagh BT61 9DG, N surface ­ are comparable with the size inferred for other solar and stellar flares. We studied

Complutense de Madrid, Universidad

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lateral repulsion experienced" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Community, individual, and world in the later works of Josiah Royce and Charles Taylor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are those of Josiah Royce and Charles Taylor. I wish to show the similarities and dissimilarities between their respective social philosophies, their social ontologies, and the ameliorative practices they advocate. Although I find Taylor's account...

Hilde, Thomas Christian

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Lateral Mobility of Amphiphiles Adsorbed at the Air/Water Interface  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

bulk solution. This allowed the creation of a set of independent calibration curves and the identification

Carlson, Eric David

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

A&A manuscript no. (will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

October 1999 ; accepted date 2 February 2000 Abstract. We have obtained two deep HRI observations to­ ward as the GSC­II project. We have reached a limiting sensitivity of LX #24; 3 10 29 erg/sec for Stock 2 members derived the X­ray luminos­ ity function for the Stock 2 stars in the 0.43

404

A&A manuscript no. (will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Ontario, N6A 3K7 Canada 3 Center of Excellence in Information Systems, Tennessee State University abundances of â?? And are found to agree with those of Arcturus within 0.1 dex. In particular, oxygen and light requests to: J.­F. Donati (French address) is thus very similar to Arcturus though somewhat less evolved

Donati, Jean-François

405

Lateral heterojunction photodetector consisting of molecular organic and colloidal quantum dot thin films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

exception being the dye- sensitized solar cell.3 Owing to its unique geometry, the present device also and that is sensitized across visible wavelengths by a thin film of colloidal CdSe nanocrystal quantum dots QDs . High

406

Astronomy & Astrophysics manuscript no. aa2152 January 15, 2005 (DOI: will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

associated with the umbra, are seen in several spectral lines, suggesting some leakage perhaps via plume half part of the umbra. For the penumbra, they report a 3 mHz frequency. They also conclude the umbra (Maltby et al. 2001). They also state that the umbral os- cillations are a localized phenomenon

407

A&A manuscript no. (will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an overall mechanical equilibrium between the three stratifications: of the umbra, the penumbra equilibrium is achieved by the assumption of a perfect thermal isolation of the umbra and a parametrized an extended buffer causes that the umbra widens with height much less rapidly than the whole flux tube

Jahn, Krzysztof

408

Astronomy & Astrophysics manuscript no. aa3532-05 (DOI: will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are not confined to the umbra/plume but can be seen in many bright locations. The duration of these non-umbral 3-min oscillations is mostly 20 min. In contrast, the 3-min oscillations within the umbra are strong outside of the umbra, we compared the oscillations of single pixels in different regions. The results

409

A pressuremeter method for single piles subjected to cyclic lateral loads in sand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of piles in sand subJected to ~~ cyclic horizontal loads, and (0) the proposed method cannot predict the degradation (or lack of it) of piles in sand subjected to ~~ cyclic horizontal loads because the pr essuremeter is a cyclic test. Zn memory of my... and dedication to his own research served as an inspiration for the author. Mr. Tucker's talent in micr ocomputer pr ogr amming and his vii willingness to share his knowledge were invaluable in the reduction of the pressuremeter data. Finally, the author...

Little, Robert Lewis

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Physically based model of downstream fining in bedrock streams with lateral input  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Click Here for Full Article Physically based model of downstream fining in bedrock streams not show a clear, monotonic pattern of size reduction in the downstream direction. Both abrasion and selective sorting may play important roles in generating downstream fining. The objective of this study

Lajeunesse, Eric

411

Compact wavelength monitoring by lateral outcoupling in wedged photonic crystal multimode waveguides  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research and Innovation, Route de Nozay, 91460 Marcoussis, France S. Golka, H. Heidrich, H. J. Hensel, and K. Janiak Fraunhofer Institute for Telecommunications, Heinrich-Hertz-Institut, Einsteinufer 37

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

412

A&A manuscript no. (will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy distribution of dusty circumstellar shells around carbon and oxygen stars in the final stages: amorphous carbon or ``astro­ nomical'' silicates. Using our hydrodynamics code to simulate the dynamical the resulting ``loops'' in the IRAS two­color­diagram, which we find to ex­ tend to regions quite remote from

413

TEM studies of laterally overgrown GaN layers grown on non-polar substrates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

73, 1691 (1998). 11. H. Marchand, J.P. Ibbetson, P.T. Fini,1999). 17. P. Fini, H. Marchand, J.P. Ibbetson, B. Moran, L.

Liliental-Weber, Z.; Ni, X.; Morkoc, H.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

ESAIM: Probability and Statistics Will be set by the publisher DOI: (will be inserted later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

11, 2004. Introduction One of the most topical issues in optronics is the identification of a target

Levy-Leduc, Céline

415

Experimental Measurement of Lateral Transport in the Inversion Layer of Silicon Heterojunction Solar Cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

]. Furthermore, the a-Si:H emitter and back surface field depositions are performed at low temperatures, which-type emitter configuration that is commonly used, the c-Si/a-Si:H heterointerface presents a valence band in the inversion layer. II. EXPERIMENTAL The experimental structure used was a SHJ emitter, in which an intrinsic a-Si:H

Atwater, Harry

416

A&A manuscript no. (will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

asso- ciated with hard X-ray emission and thus with energy re- lease of impulsive solar ares (Benz Spikes in Solar Flare Decimetric Radio Waves Peter Messmer, Arnold O. Benz Institute of Astronomy, ETH/microwave wavelength in the particle acceleration phase of solar ares. A #12;rst method deter- mines the dominant

417

A&A manuscript no. (will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. In the context of the solar dynamo the dominant instabil­ ity could be a magnetic buoyancy instability. In this buoyancy instability potential energy of extra mass supported against gravity is re­ leased by downward

Brandenburg, Axel

418

E-Print Network 3.0 - acid lateral flow Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

dish. Dish... aquar- ium water (control) or aquarium water plus amino acids ... Source: Vogt, Richard G. - Department of Biological Sciences, University of South Carolina...

419

Current distribution inside Py/Cu lateral spin-valve devices J. Hamrle,1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan 2CREST, Japan Science & Technology Corporation, Japan 3ISSP, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa-shi, Chiba 277-8581, Japan 4RIKEN, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan with- out the charge current, leading to the solution for the energy dissipation problem due to Joule

Otani, Yoshichika

420

Student-Teacher Relationships in Early Elementary School and Impact on Later Academic Engagement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Development, 60, Ryan, R. M. , Stiller, J. D. , Lynch, J.research conducted by Ryan, Stiller, and Lynch (1994) who

Lauderdale, Stacy M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

E-Print Network 3.0 - aided lateral crystallization Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(FOM) Collection: Mathematics ; Materials Science 7 Photon tunnelling microscopy of polyethylene single crystals Summary: Photon tunnelling microscopy of polyethylene single...

422

POINT-OF-CARE BLOOD COAGULATION MONITORING USING LATERAL FLOW DEVICE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-establishment of blood coagulation cascade and creation of different coagulation abilities were achieved by adding CaCl2 clotting time. RBC travel distance is found to decrease linearly with increasing CaCl2 concentration in the form of CaCl2 solution, the coagulation cascade is able to resume and blood clots form in a few minutes

Cincinnati, University of

423

Fifteen years later: Whither Restructuring in the American Electric Utility System?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to Power Loss: The Origins of Deregulation and Restructuring in the American Electric Utility System1 1990s. It advances the thesis of my book, Power Loss, namely that the traditional holders of political. Hirsh, Power Loss: The Origins of Deregulation and Restructuring in the American Electric Utility System

Kammen, Daniel M.

424

A&A manuscript no. (will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­ sorption of Alfv'en waves. The presence of an equilibrium flow is therefore important for the power loss

425

A&A manuscript no. (will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are approximately solar above [Fe/H] ;2:2 where they decrease rapidly by 0.5 - 0.6 dex. The direct method based offprint requests to: L. Mashonkina, e-mail: ml@astro.ksu.ras.ru ? Based on observations at the German- citation energy of 0:7 eV) these Ba II lines can be detected even in extremely metal-poor stars. Two types

Gehren, Thomas

426

False Memories Seconds Later: The Rapid and Compelling Onset of Illusory Recognition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

semantically related words and were probed immediately following a filled 3- to 4-s retention interval that the processes responsible for false memories may be relatively delay-invariant. The vulnerability of STM and brief storage demands of canonical STM tasks, and exploits the large capacity and longer delays

427

Social Cognition in Later Life: Effects of Aging and Task Type on Theory of Mind Performance   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract Recent studies assessing the effects of age and task type on theory of mind (ToM) have found mixed results. However, these studies have not considered the possibility that by using a series of distinct and unrelated ...

Doyle, Claire L.

2009-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

428

Astronomy & Astrophysics manuscript no. paper May 31, 2004 (DOI: will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and to the relevant solar emission measure vs. temperature distribution, EM(T ). We also study the relevant changes) The Sun as an X­ray Star: Active Region Evolution, Rotational Modulation, and Implications for Stellar X the contribution of an active region and its core to the luminosity and the spectrum of the Sun in the X­ray band

429

3D localization of clustered microcalcifications using cranio-caudal and medio-lateral oblique views  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chin Yi Institute of Technology Taichung, Taiwan 411, ROC c Department of Radiology, Tri General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan 407, ROC g Suao Veterans Hospital, Yilan County, Taiwan 270, ROC h Engineering, University of Maryland Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD 21250, USA Received 15 September 2004

Chang, Chein-I

430

A&A manuscript no. (will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.17.1 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS 26.9.1995 Atomic data for absorption lines from the ground level at wavelengths. Key words: atomic data -- quasars: absorption lines 1. Introduction Accurate atomic data are essential and velocity structure. In this paper we present new data on atomic absorption lines arising from the ground

Verner, Dima

431

A&A manuscript no. (will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

demonstrated the diagnostic utility of the Ca II HK line cores for chromospheric modelling in late­type stars.01.2 ; 08.03.3 ) ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS 30.6.1998 The chromosphere of II Peg: Multi­line modelling? ; accepted !date? Abstract. We present the first simultaneous multi­line fitting of a semi

432

A&A manuscript no. (will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Ca i 4227 line and assess its utility as a chromospheric diagnostic. Recently Ca i 4227 has been used.01.2 ; 08.03.3 ; 02.12.1 ) ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS 10.2.1997 The Ca i 4227 line as a chromospheric !date? Abstract. In M dwarfs the Ca i 4227 line is saturated, therefore, the line core forms

433

Simulation of a tractor-implement model under the influence of lateral disturbances  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Jayantha Katupitiya, and Ray Eaton Abstract-- This work presents the derivation of a compre- hensive and the emergence of corporate style farming has placed a new emphasis on precision farming with the possibility Engineering, The University of New South Wales, j.katupitiya@unsw.edu.au R. Eaton is with the School

Pota, Himanshu Roy

434

Astronomy & Astrophysics manuscript no. aa0700 (DOI: will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pulsar wind driven by the spin- down energy of the pulsar. The pulsar wind is terminated by a strong MHD of Mathematical Sciences, Dublin City University, Glasnevin, Dublin 9, Ireland Received 17 November 2003 / Accepted 8 March 2004 Abstract. We present a model of a pulsar wind nebula evolving inside its associated

435

Astronomy & Astrophysics manuscript no. ms6430 October 26, 2006 (DOI: will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: kinematics and dynamics -- Dark Matter 1. Introduction 1.1. Proper Motions in the Local Group Proper motion matter content of the Andromeda Galaxy M31 (Loeb et al. 2005). Water masers in Local Group galaxies have. On the other hand, Brunthaler et al. (2005) measured the proper motions of two groups of water masers

Brunthaler, Andreas

436

Astronomy & Astrophysics manuscript no. ms6430 October 26, 2006 (DOI: will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to constrain the proper motion and dark matter content of the Andromeda Galaxy M31 (Loeb et al. 2005). Water. Astrometry ­ Galaxies: Local Group ­ Galaxies: individual: IC 10 ­ Galaxies: kinematics and dynamics ­ Dark Matter 1. Introduction 1.1. Proper Motions in the Local Group Proper motion measurements of Local Group

Brunthaler, Andreas

437

An Introduction to "9/11: Ten Years Later" Roxane Cohen Silver  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for scru- tiny. We open our bags before entering sporting events, theaters, and musical performances. We- and long-term effects on both individuals and society at large. Over the past decade, thousands of the attacks (as is evident from a search of the PsycINFO database). Many psychologists have explored

Barrett, Jeffrey A.

438

A&A manuscript no. (will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the central powerhouse of AGNs undergoes two repeating phases: in a ''quiescent phase'' over most of the time

Boettcher, Markus

439

HIGH-CURRENT ZINC-AIR MICROBATTERY BASED ON A MICROMACHINED MULTILAYER LATERAL METALLIC SCAFFOLD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

`skeleton'. This scaffold consists of alternating copper and nickel layers supporting zinc as electrodeposited anode material. A proof-of-concept zinc-air microbattery based on this technology was developed

440

Lateral behavior of reinforced concrete columns supported on Type II shafts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

demand of 1 through 6.5. The curves show that the maximum plasticdemand of 4 through 8) are plotted. The plots show that the maximum plastic

Liu, Yujia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lateral repulsion experienced" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Astronomy & Astrophysics manuscript no. aa0441-04 (DOI: will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-phase or to grain- surface fractionation. Grain-surface reactions are undoubtedly important in producing saturated species such as methanol, wa- ter, ammonia, and hydrogen sulphide. Water ice is observed to be abundant of atomic D and H which are ac- creting from the gas. The observations of deuterated methanol (Parise et al

Millar, Tom

442

A&A manuscript no. (will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Lund University, Solvegatan 14, S-223 62, Lund, Sweden Received xx /Accepted yy Abstract. The anomalous) taken at high resolving power (R 100000) both lines, Fe II 6149:25 and Hg II 6149:48, become fully spectral types. Their most distinctive characteristics at optical wave- lengths are extreme atmospheric

443

Static pushover analyses of pile groups in liquefied and laterally spreading ground in centrifuge tests  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power Research Institute ?EPRI?. ?1993?. Guidelines forcurves were based on EPRI ?1993? for sand and Vucetic and

Brandenberg, Scott J; Boulanger, R W; Kutter, Bruce L; Chang, Dongdong

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

The Fiber Walk: A Model of Tip-Driven Growth with Lateral Expansion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Turk1 , Joshua S. Weitz2,3 1 Georgia Institute of Technology, School of Interactive Computing, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America, 2 Georgia Institute of Technology, School of Biology, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America, 3 Georgia Institute of Technology, School of Physics, Atlanta, Georgia, United

Turk, Greg

445

Lateral Current Density Variation in PEM Fuel Cells with Interdigitated Flow Fields.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell is regarded as one of the most promising power systems for the future vehicles. When supplied with air and… (more)

Luo, Song

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

The effect of lateral septum CRF? receptor activation on anxiety is modulated by stress  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of intraventricular infusion of corticotropin-releasingA. (1995). "Chronic infusion of a CRH1 receptor antisensebehavioural effects of chronic infusion of CRH 1 and CRH 2

Henry, Brook Lewis

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting lateral suboccipital Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

like corn, soybeans, alfalfa? Would Summary: 1 Crops Would the heat of an oil pipeline buried 4 feet underground affect ground or surface water... be affected? Response by...

448

Entopeduncular projections to the lateral habenula are excitatory and behaviorally aversive in rodents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

glutamatergic neurons (Barroso-Chinea et al. , 2008). ToBrain Res 304, 271-277. Barroso-Chinea, P. , Rico, A.J. ,from the EP to the LHb (Barroso-Chinea et al. , 2008; Hong &

Trias, Anthony Justin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Spin transport in lateral spin valves and across a metal- insulator transition in V?O? /  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

J. Ansermet, Spin-dependent Peltier effect of perpendicularB. van Wees, Interplay of Peltier and Seebeck Effects inspin Seebeck coefficient. Peltier or spin blockade effects

Erekhinsky, Mikhail

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Modeling of FRP-jacketed RC columns subject to combined axial and lateral loads  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LOCATIONS #6 u-bars @ 4" 3" PVC for axial load and verticalsteel Steel jacket encasing load stub 2" PVC for clevisattatch 3" PVC for axial load A B Vertical tiedown Column

Lee, Chung-Sheng

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Evaluation of Lateral Behavior of Pile-Supported Bridges under Scour Conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Scour is the removal of soils in the vicinity of bridge foundations, resulting in a reduced capacity of the foundations, which may lead to a bridge failure. Scour causes 60% of bridge failures in the United States. To ...

Lin, Cheng

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

452

Lateral Snow Transport, Fire and Changing Treelines in Mount San Gorgonio, California, U.S.A.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ridge (TFR), Charlton Peak (CHP) and San Gorgonio Summit (JST). B. Charlton Peak (CHP). C. Ten Thousand Foot Ridge (JST), Charlton Peak (CHP), San Gorgonio (SGR), and Ten

Burton, Charles Dustin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute lateral epicondylitis Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

arthritis, acutechronic osteomyelitis, primarypost traumatic, osteoarthritis, gout, psuedogout, SLE... . Be able to state the principles of osteotomy for medial and...

454

A&A manuscript no. (will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to that in Computed Tomography (CT) so that it is interesting to investigate the applicability to LBT of image on Computed Tomography (CT) where it is demon- strated that it provides reliable restorations both in PET, based on ordered sub- sets of projection data and called OS-EM method, has been proposed by Hudson

Boccacci, Patrizia

455

Spin transport in lateral spin valves and across a metal- insulator transition in V?O? /  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

123 Figure 42. (a)Equivalent resistance model of the FM/NM/methods. First, the equivalent resistance model [23, 126,1 Figure 42. (a) Equivalent resistance model of the FM/NM/FM

Erekhinsky, Mikhail

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Impact of the lateral boundary conditions resolution on dynamical downscaling of precipitation in mediterranean spain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. We represent the spectrum of GCMs resolutions currently applied in climate change research by using for climate simulation and future climate change assessment (IPCC 2001). Although they incorpo- rate the main in mediterranean spain A. Amengual Ã? R. Romero Ã? V. Homar Ã? C. Ramis Ã? S. Alonso Received: 27 March 2006 / Accepted

Romero, Romu

457

Optimal design of a micro evaporator with lateral gaps Taijong Sung a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

transfer coefficient (HTC) and it forms the starting point in developing miniaturized vapor­outlet condi- tions of the evaporator have a standard design of expansion valve and compressor and so the heat and Lee [7] studied the correlation in order to represent the heat transfer coefficients of the boiling

Kim, Jongwon

458

Astronomy & Astrophysics manuscript no. aa1651 (DOI: will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

solar flares provide unique information on the directions of energy transport from the corona to deeper angle effect on H-line impact polarisation in impulsive solar events V. V. Zharkova1 and L. K. Kashapova2 1 Cybernetics Department, Bradford University, Bradford BD7 1DP, UK e-mail: v.v.zharkova@brad.ac.uk

Zharkova, Valentina V.

459

Characterization of a virus associated with head and lateral line erosion syndrome (HLLE) in marine angelfish  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

culture infective dose (TCIDss) method of determination as outlined by Rovozzo and Burke (1973). Virus titers were determined following 10-fold serial dilutions on RFDF monolayers in tissue culture chamber slides (Lab-Tek, Nunc, Inc. , Naperville, Il... model L-2 ultracentrifuge for 1. 5 hr using a swing-bucket type rotor (SW41 or SW28). The virus pellet was resuspended in 1 ml TNE buffer (0. 025 M Tris [Mallinckrodt, Paris, KY, USA], 0. 1 M NaCl, 1mM EDTA [Sigma Chemical Co. , St. Louis, MO, USA], p...

Varner, Patricia Wilcox

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

460

Multiphase experiments with at least one later laboratory phase. I. Orthogonal designs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in laboratory phases is often overlooked. The common practice has been to process in a systematic order of South Australia, Mawson Lakes Boulevard, Mawson Lakes, SA 5095, Australia. 2 CSIRO Sustainable are illustrated using a scenario and a case study. A basis for categorizing designs is suggested. Key Words

Brien, Chris

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lateral repulsion experienced" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

DOI: 10.1002/ijch.201400040 The Mechanism of Operation of Lateral and Vertical  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with (non-emissive) silicon circuitry. However, although it is easy to argue for the importance of plastic not expect plastic circuits to re- place silicon as the favoured basis for electronic circuitry, but one] and follow with the modifications and/or emphasis required when dealing with organic tran- sistors

Tessler, Nir

462

E-Print Network 3.0 - autosomal dominant lateral Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

39 Developmental Cell, Vol. 9, 339349, September, 2005, Copyright 2005 by Elsevier Inc. DOI 10.1016j.devcel.2005.06.009 The T-Box Transcription Factor SEA-1 Summary: .1016...

463

Propagation dynamics of laterally colliding plasma plumes in laser-blow-off of thin film  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report a systematic investigation of two plume interactions at different spatial separation (3-7?mm) in laser-blow-off. The plasmas plumes are created using Laser-blow-off (LBO) scheme of a thin film. The fast imaging technique is used to record the evolution of seed plasmas and the interaction zone which is formed as a result of interaction of the two seed plasmas. Time resolved optical emission spectroscopy is used to study evolution of optical emissions of the species present in the different regions of the plasmas. Neutral Li emissions (Li I 670.8?nm (2s {sup 2}S{sub 1/2} ? 2p {sup 2}P{sub 3/2,1/2}) and Li I 610.3?nm (2p {sup 2}P{sub 3/2,1/2} ? 3d {sup 2}D{sub 3/2,5/2})) are dominant in the plasmas but significant differences are observed in the emission and estimated plasma parameters of the seed and the interaction zone. The transport of plasma species from the seed plasmas to the interaction zone is discussed in the terms of plume divergence, kinetic energy of particles, and ion acoustic speed. An attempt is made to understand the formation and dynamics of the interaction zone in the colliding LBO seed plasmas.

Kumar, Bhupesh; Singh, R. K.; Sengupta, Sudip; Kaw, P. K.; Kumar, Ajai, E-mail: ajai@ipr.res.in [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar 382 428 (India)

2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

464

Feasibility of lateral emplacement in very deep borehole disposal of high level nuclear waste  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The U.S. Department of Energy recently filed a motion to withdraw the Nuclear Regulatory Commission license application for the High Level Waste Repository at Yucca Mountain in Nevada. As the U.S. has focused exclusively ...

Gibbs, Jonathan Sutton

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

An approach to rollover stability in vehicles using suspension relative position sensors and lateral acceleration sensors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Safety in automobiles is gaining increasing importance. With the increasing trend of U.S. buyers towards SUVs, appropriate safety measures for SUVs need to be implemented. Since SUVs, as a vehicle type, have a higher center of gravity and hence have...

Vittal Rao, Narahari

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

466

A review of "Revelation Restored: The Apocalypse in Later Seventeenth-Century England" by Warren Johnston  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, prospect of Anglican theology. Warren Johnston demonstrates this fact in a truly valuable book. Revelation Restored sets out to prove that apocalyptic vision con- tinued after 1660 to carry that belief in the immediacy of the end of days which marked...- ers, including Hester Biddle, were interpreting the violence aimed at themselves as being a harbinger of the imminence of the apocalypse. Apocalyptic writings moved on as the restoration appeared to be an actual and lasting fact rather than...

Bennett, Martyn

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

U.S. crude oil production expected to exceed oil imports later this year  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered energy consumption by sector Transportation EnergyGlossary7,148.4NAArea:crude oil

468

Blackout 2003: The August 14, 2003 Blackout One Year Later: Actions Taken  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: Top Five EEREDepartmentFebruary 4, 2014Biogas andManaged byTheBlackoutEnergyin

469

The effects of torsional-lateral coupling on the dynamics of a gear coupled rotor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mass of Gear 2 Mass Moment of Inertia of Gear 1 m m J 2 Mass Moment of Inertia of Gear 2 Equivalent Tooth Stiffness... to Gear Running Speed ..........................................65 Nonsynchronous Vibrations and the Wachel Paper..............................................70 The Rotating Moment Arm?s Effect on System Vibration ...................................73...

Emery, Michael Aaron

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

470

Astronomy & Astrophysics manuscript no. legorevised April 29, 2005 (DOI: will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with the galaxies tracing the character- istic filamentary pattern, aptly called the `cosmic web' in the dark matter catalogues of dark matter (DM) halos and identify emitters with halos of the same co-moving space density, a generic feature of structure formation in a cold dark matter dominated universe. In such 3D maps the third

Fynbo, Johan

471

A&A manuscript no. (will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

dynamical simulations which successfully reproduce such gas stream, the bow shock ahead of the central star of the dominant features of this area is Cygnus X, a giant molecular complex contain­ ing numerous thermal and non­thermal

Comerón, Fernando

472

Mixed Layer Lateral Eddy Fluxes Mediated by Air-Sea Interaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The modulation of air–sea heat fluxes by geostrophic eddies due to the stirring of temperature at the sea surface is discussed and quantified. It is argued that the damping of eddy temperature variance by such air–sea ...

Shuckburgh, Emily

473

Improvement of lateral resolution of scanning photo-induced impedance microscopy (SPIM)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the gate metal into an area not covered by metal Influence of semiconductor donor concentration Ga Control Lock-In-Amp. Z X Y CD-ROM player optics Computer Control Output 1000 2000 3000 4000 1000 2000 3000

Moritz, Werner

474

Lateral behavior of reinforced concrete columns supported on Type II shafts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

concrete strength reached the desired strength on the day of testingconcrete and reinforcing steel during the construction period and on the day of column-shaft assembly testing.during testing. However, the cracking of the concrete at the

Liu, Yujia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Astronomy & Astrophysics manuscript no. 3178 January 28, 2003 (DOI: will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) Test particle simulation of the Electron Firehose instability Gunnar Paesold 1,2 and Arnold O. Benz 1 1 the question of the response of the electron population to the growing waves. Test particle simulations. Apparently, magnetic energy is abruptly re­ leased, driving bulk mass motion, heating plasma and accel

476

Modern-day cleanroom invented by Sandia physicist still used 50 years later  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment SurfacesResource Program PreliminaryA3,0StatementsMixingAssessing85/2004 Y.He 1|

477

Draft Documents *Appendices referenced in this SOW will be posted later |  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartmentNational NuclearhasAdministration77 SandiaGuidance0017 Federal Register /National

478

Conference: The Death of the Dinosaurs: 27 Years Later (LBNL Summer Lecture  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartmentNationalRestart ofMeasuring DopamineEnergy,6. RadiativeLaboratory

479

NREL: News Feature - Labyrinth to Store Energy in Basement for Later Use  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the Contributions and AchievementsResearch Staff MaterialsPrintableHP Supercomputer

480

Astronomy & Astrophysics manuscript no. December 9, 2002 (DOI: will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

modify the structure of the atmosphere on local and global scales, causing strong deviations from hydro forming in the cool outer layers of the atmospheres. Important micro- physical processes like chemistry a sophisticated treatment of micro-physical pro- cesses and radiative transfer but neglect the e#11;ects of dy

Höfner, Susanne

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lateral repulsion experienced" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

A&A manuscript no. (will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as the H i. The dust­ to­gas ratio is about 0.5 times that in the solar neigh­ bourhood. We also obtained of about 1/4 of solar. Surprisingly, massive star formation is still active near the extreme limit), kindly loaned by G. Luppino. The observation nights were photometric. 12\\Theta20­minute expo­ sures were

Cuillandre, Jean-Charles

482

A&A manuscript no. will be inserted by hand later  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The dust- to-gas ratio is about 0.5 times that in the solar neigh- bourhood. We also obtained deep color-magnitude dia- grams for the stars of M31. We derive for the halo stars a metallicity of about 1 4 of solar et al. 1996, kindly loaned by G. Luppino. The observation nights were photometric. 1220-minuteexpo

Cuillandre, Jean-Charles

483

2. BACKGROUND This chapter presents the background information required to understand later chapters in the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

85] [BMW87]. Procedural descriptions of motion, often based on real­world data and observations, can to environments different from the one in which they are obtained. Varying terrain and collisions are two examples of such potentially desirable changes. As the demand for fully interactive environments increases, this i

Toronto, University of

484

Temporal Entropy Generation in the Viscous Layers of Laterally-converging Duct Flows  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since insight into entropy generation is a key to increasing efficiency and thereby reducing fuel consumption and/or waste and -- for wall-bounded flows -- most entropy is generated in the viscous layer, we examine the transient behavior of its dominant contributor there for a non-canonical flow. New measurements in oil flow are presented for the effects of favorable streamwise mean pressure gradients on temporal entropy generation rates and, in the process, on key Reynolds-stress-producing events such as sweep front passage and on the deceleration/outflow phase of the overall bursting process. Two extremes have been considered: (1) a high pressure gradient, nearing "laminarization," and (2), for comparison, a low pressure gradient corresponding to many earlier experiments. In both cases, the peak temporal entropy generation rate occurs shortly after passage of the ejection/sweep interface. Whether sweep and ejection rates appear to decrease or increase with the pressure gradient depends on the feature examined and the manner of sampling. When compared using wall coordinates for velocities, distances and time, the trends and magnitudes of the transient behaviors are mostly the same. The main effects of the higher pressure gradient are (1) changes in the time lag between detections -- representing modification of the shape of the sweep front and the sweep angle with the wall, (2) modification of the magnitude of an instantaneous Reynolds shear stress with wall distance and (3) enlarging the sweeps and ejections. Results new for both low and high pressure gradients are the temporal behaviors of the dominant contribution to entropy generation; it is found to be much more sensitive to distance from the wall than to streamwise pressure gradient.

Donald M. McEligot; Robert S. Brodkey; Helmut Eckelmann

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Astronomy & Astrophysics manuscript no. 3818 October 7, 2005 (DOI: will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) Representations of spectral coordinates in FITS E. W. Greisen1, M. R. Calabretta2, F. G. Valdes3, and S. L. Allen4

Greisen, Eric

486

Astronomy & Astrophysics manuscript no. 3818 October 7, 2005 (DOI: will be inserted by hand later)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) Representations of spectral coordinates in FITS E. W. Greisen 1 , M. R. Calabretta 2 , F. G. Valdes 3 , and S. L and then scaled to physical units. Mathematically, this is given by x i = s i q i = s i N # j=1 m i j # p j - r j j, m i j is a linear transformation matrix given either by PC i j or CD i j, N is the dimensionality

Groppi, Christopher

487

Hair follicles are required for optimal growth during lateral skin expansion   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The hair follicles and the interfollicular epidermis of intact mature skin are maintained by distinct stem cell populations. Upon wounding, however, emigration of hair follicle keratinocytes to the interfollicular epidermis plays a role in acute...

Heath, Jack; Langton, Abigail K.; Hammond, Nigel L.; Dixon, Michael J.; Overbeek, Paul A.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

"For good design, you pay now; for bad design, you pay later"--or do you?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

What is the value of architectural design on office building income? This empirical study of 296 office building located in 11 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA) hopes to quantitatively determine if a plain vanilla cereal ...

Murugappan, Meena

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

The cosmic ray primary composition at the knee region from lateral distributions of atmospheric C  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-8530, Japan g Instituto de Investigaciones Fisicas, Universidad Mayor de San Andres, La Paz 8635, Bolivia h in the energy range from 1014.5 to 1016 eV, so called knee region. The atmospheric C erenkov photon detectors. Introduction The energy spectrum of cosmic rays is expressed by power law in the wide energy range from 1010

490

From Boltzmann to random matrices and beyond  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

These expository notes propose to follow, across fields, some aspects of the concept of entropy. Starting from the work of Boltzmann in the kinetic theory of gases, various universes are visited, including Markov processes and their Helmholtz free energy, the Shannon monotonicity problem in the central limit theorem, the Voiculescu free probability theory and the free central limit theorem, random walks on regular trees, the circular law for the complex Ginibre ensemble of random matrices, and finally the asymptotic analysis of mean-field particle systems in arbitrary dimension, confined by an external field and experiencing singular pair repulsion. The text is written in an informal style driven by energy and entropy. It aims to be recreative and to provide to the curious readers entry points in the literature, and connections across boundaries.

Djalil Chafaï

2014-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

491

Electron density analysis of the effects of sugars on the structure of lipid bilayers at low hydration - a preliminary study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Small angle X-ray scattering is used to study the effects of sugars on membranes during dehydration. Previous work has shown that the bilayer and chain-chain repeat spacings of DPPC bilayers are relatively unaffected by the presence of sugars. In this work we present a preliminary analysis of the electron density profiles of DPPC in the presence of sugars at low hydration. The difficulties of determining the correct phasing are discussed. Sugars and other small solutes have been shown to have an important role in improving the tolerance of a range of species to desiccation and freezing. In particular it has been shown that sugars can stabilize membranes in the fluid membrane phase during dehydration, and in the fully dehydrated state. Equivalently, at a particular hydration, the presence of sugars lowers the transition temperature between the fluid and gel phases. There are two competing models for explaining the effects of sugars on membrane phase transition temperatures. One, designated the water replacement hypothesis (WRH) states that sugars hydrogen bond to phospholipid headgroups, thus hindering the fluid-gel phase transition. One version of this model suggests that certain sugars (such as trehalose) achieve the measured effects by inserting between the phospholipid head groups. An alternative model explains the observed effects of sugars in terms of the sugars effect on the hydration repulsion that develops between opposing membranes during dehydration. The hydration repulsion leads to a lateral compressive stress in the bilayer which squeezes adjacent lipids more closely together, resulting in a transition to the gel phase. When sugars are present, their osmotic and volumetric effects reduce the hydration repulsion, reduce the compressive stress in the membranes, and therefore tend to maintain the average lateral separation between lipids. This model is called the hydration forces explanation (HFE). We recently showed that neither mono- nor di-saccharides affect the average distance between lipid chains in the bilayer, supporting the predictions of the HFE. In this paper we further investigate the effects of sugars on membrane structure by conducting electron density analysis of recent data. This preliminary analysis sheds additional light onto the effects of sugars on membrane structure.

Lenné, T.; Kent, B.; Koster, K.L.; Garvey, C.J.; Bryant, G. (ANSTO); (USD); (ANU); (RMIT)

2012-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

492

Economic and Conservation Evaluation of Capital Renovation Project: Hidalgo County Irrigation District No. 2 (San Juan) - Relining Lateral A – Preliminary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the efficiency of pumping plants. The economic water and energy savings analyses provide estimates of the economic costs per acre-foot of water savings and per BTU (kwh) of energy savings associated with one to five proposed capital improvement activity... at the time and is subject to an array of resource limitations. At times, District management’s best educated estimates (or that of the consulting engineer) are used to base cost and/or savings’ values well into the future. Obviously, this is imperfect...

Rister, M. Edward; Lacewell, Ronald D.; Sturdivant, Allen W.; Robinson, John R.C.; Popp, Michael C.

493

System and method for ultrafast optical signal detecting via a synchronously coupled anamorphic light pulse encoded laterally  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In one general embodiment, a method for ultrafast optical signal detecting is provided. In operation, a first optical input signal is propagated through a first wave guiding layer of a waveguide. Additionally, a second optical input signal is propagated through a second wave guiding layer of the waveguide. Furthermore, an optical control signal is applied to a top of the waveguide, the optical control signal being oriented diagonally relative to the top of the waveguide such that the application is used to influence at least a portion of the first optical input signal propagating through the first wave guiding layer of the waveguide. In addition, the first and the second optical input signals output from the waveguide are combined. Further, the combined optical signals output from the waveguide are detected. In another general embodiment, a system for ultrafast optical signal recording is provided comprising a waveguide including a plurality of wave guiding layers, an optical control source positioned to propagate an optical control signal towards the waveguide in a diagonal orientation relative to a top of the waveguide, at least one optical input source positioned to input an optical input signal into at least a first and a second wave guiding layer of the waveguide, and a detector for detecting at least one interference pattern output from the waveguide, where at least one of the interference patterns results from a combination of the optical input signals input into the first and the second wave guiding layer. Furthermore, propagation of the optical control signal is used to influence at least a portion of the optical input signal propagating through the first wave guiding layer of the waveguide.

Heebner, John E. (Livermore, CA)

2010-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

494

A simulation analysis of the combined effects of muscle strength and surgical tensioning on lateral pinch force following brachioradialis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Chicago, IL, USA c VA Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA, USA d Department of Biomedical to experimental results. Our study suggests that scaling models to the population of interest facilitates accurate

Ottino, Julio M.

495

Selection of structural systems and materials: minimizing lateral drift and cost of tall buildings in Saudi Arabia.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis proposes procedures and guidelines for selection of optimum structural systems and materials in two stages. Stage one is based on a list of… (more)

ALShamrani, Othman Subhi

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Development of flight instrumentation and analysis of an aircraft's lateral response to a discrete two-dimensional vertical gust  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCI~?E May 1973 Major Subject, : Aerospace Engineering D~PK~3lT OF FLIGHT INSTRUMENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF AN AIRCRAFT~S LAIL RESPONSE TO A DISCR TE TN'OWINENSIONAL V&TICAL GUST A Thesis RUSSsLL LANE MASK... DeHavilland DHC 2 'Beaver' STOL aircraft. This is a single engined, high-wing aircraft of all metal construction, Fig. 1. Table 1 pro- vides some quantitative data relating to this aircraft. With the emphasis of this paper directed to the aircraft...

Mask, Russell Lane

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

May 1, 1998 / Vol. 23, No. 9 / OPTICS LETTERS 673 Lateral patterning of nonlinear frequency conversion with  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

demonstrate control of the nonlinear conversion across a beam profile by using periodically poled lithium on the product of the pump field's amplitude and the interaction length, leading to inherently nonuniform properties of the medium, which are not available with conventional birefringent phase match- ing

Fejer, Martin M.

498

Lateral diffusive migration of massive particles in high-velocity vertical pipe flow of moderately dense gas-solid suspensions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Lappeenranta University of Technology, Lappeenranta, Finland John C. Chen Department of Chemical Engineering

Tafreshi, Hooman Vahedi

499

The Drinking Water Security and Safety Amendments of 2002: Is America's Drinking Water Infrastructure Safer Four Years Later?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

utility operators at the highest risk system); see also http://cfpub.epa.gov/safewater/watersecurity/outreach.cfm (listing

Shermer, Steven D.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Decentralized local approach for lateral control of platoons Jano Yazbeck, Alexis Scheuer, Olivier Simonin and Franois Charpillet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is more robust as each vehicle is autonomous, but path tracking is less precise (the followers may deviate-- This paper deals with the platooning problem: we aim to steer a train of vehicles along an unknown path followed by the first vehicle. Many techniques have been developed in this field, but they presented

Simonin, Olivier -Département Informatique, Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Lyon