Sample records for lateral corrugator view

  1. Corrugated Membrane Fuel Cell Structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grot, Stephen [President, Ion Power Inc.] President, Ion Power Inc.

    2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the most challenging aspects of traditional PEM fuel cell stacks is the difficulty achieving the platinum catalyst utilization target of 0.2 gPt/kWe set forth by the DOE. Good catalyst utilization can be achieved with state-of-the-art catalyst coated membranes (CCM) when low catalyst loadings (<0.3 mg/cm2) are used at a low current. However, when low platinum loadings are used, the peak power density is lower than conventional loadings, requiring a larger total active area and a larger bipolar plate. This results in a lower overall stack power density not meeting the DOE target. By corrugating the fuel cell membrane electrode structure, Ion Power?s goal is to realize both the Pt utilization targets as well as the power density targets of the DOE. This will be achieved by demonstrating a fuel cell single cell (50 cm2) with a twofold increase in the membrane active area over the geometric area of the cell by corrugating the MEA structure. The corrugating structure must be able to demonstrate the target properties of < 10 mOhm-cm2 electrical resistance at > 20 psi compressive strength over the active area, in combination with offering at least 80% of power density that can be achieved by using the same MEA in a flat plate structure. Corrugated membrane fuel cell structures also have the potential to meet DOE power density targets by essentially packaging more membrane area into the same fuel cell volume as compared to conventional stack constructions.

  2. Corrugated Pipe as a Beam Dechirper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bane, K.L.F.; Stupakov, G.; /SLAC

    2012-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We have studied the use of a metallic pipe with small corrugations for the purpose of passively dechirping, through its wakefield, a short, intense electron bunch. The corrugated pipe is attractive for this purpose because its wake: (i) has near maximal possible amplitude for a given aperture and (ii) has a relatively large oscillation wave length, even when the aperture is small. We showed how the corrugated structure can satisfy dechirping requirements encountered in the NGLS project at LBNL. We found that a linear chirp of -40 MeV/mm can be induced by an NGLS-like beam, by having it pass through a corrugated, metallic pipe of radius 3 mm, length 8.2 m, and corrugation parameters full depth 450 {mu}m and period 1000 {mu}m. This structure is about 15 times as effective in the role of dechirper as an S-band accelerator structure used passively.

  3. Bragg spectroscopy for measuring Casimir-Polder interactions with Bose-Einstein condensates above corrugated surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gustavo A. Moreno; Diego A. R. Dalvit; Esteban Calzetta

    2010-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a method to probe dispersive atom-surface interactions by measuring via two-photon Bragg spectroscopy the dynamic structure factor of a Bose-Einstein condensate above corrugated surfaces. This method takes advantage of the condensate coherence to reveal the spatial Fourier components of the lateral Casimir-Polder interaction energy.

  4. Graphene-assisted near-field radiative heat transfer between corrugated polar materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, X. L.; Zhang, Z. M., E-mail: zhuomin.zhang@me.gatech.edu [G. W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 (United States)

    2014-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Graphene has attracted great attention in nanoelectronics, optics, and energy harvesting. Here, the near-field radiative heat transfer between graphene-covered corrugated silica is investigated based on the exact scattering theory. It is found that graphene can improve the radiative heat flux between silica gratings by more than one order of magnitude and alleviate the performance sensitivity to lateral shift. The underlying mechanism is mainly attributed to the improved photon tunneling of modes away from phonon resonances. Besides, coating with graphene leads to nonlocal radiative transfer that breaks Derjaguin's proximity approximation and enables corrugated silica to outperform bulk silica in near-field radiation.

  5. Study of five corrugated case designs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, Roxanne Russell

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of the research described in this thesis is to define the primary damages occurring to corrugated cases in the normal distribution system of Frito-Lay, Incorporated and compare the relative performance (to be defined in terms of trip...

  6. Study of five corrugated case designs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, Roxanne Russell

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of the research described in this thesis is to define the primary damages occurring to corrugated cases in the normal distribution system of Frito-Lay, Incorporated and compare the relative performance (to be defined in terms of trip...

  7. [49] INTERSUBUNIT MEASUREMENTS BY NEUTRON SCATTERING 629 ribosomal 30 S subparticle in its lateral view. The amount of the particles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    [49] INTERSUBUNIT MEASUREMENTS BY NEUTRON SCATTERING 629 ribosomal 30 S subparticle in its lateral Neutron Scattering By PETER B. MOOREand DONALDM. ENGELMAN Several years ago we suggested that neutron.28 " The scattering lengths are taken from G. E. Bacon, "Neutron Scattering." Oxford Univ. Press (Clarendon

  8. Flexible corrugated cryotransferlines, long term experience at JET and the experience with supercritical helium flow conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Obert, W

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Flexible corrugated cryotransferlines, long term experience at JET and the experience with supercritical helium flow conditions

  9. Flexible Corrugated Cryotransferlines, Long Term Experience at JET and the Experience with Supercritical Helium Flow Conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flexible Corrugated Cryotransferlines, Long Term Experience at JET and the Experience with Supercritical Helium Flow Conditions

  10. Constraints on axion-nucleon coupling constants from measuring the Casimir force between corrugated surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. B. Bezerra; G. L. Klimchitskaya; V. M. Mostepanenko; C. Romero

    2014-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We obtain stronger laboratory constraints on the coupling constants of axion-like particles to nucleons from measurements of the normal and lateral Casimir forces between sinusoidally corrugated surfaces of a sphere and a plate. For this purpose, the normal and lateral additional force arising in the experimental configurations due to two-axion exchange between protons and neutrons are calculated. Our constraints following from measurements of the normal and lateral Casimir forces are stronger than the laboratory constraints reported so far for masses of axion-like particles larger than 11eV and 8eV, respectively. A comparison between various laboratory constraints on the coupling constants of axion-like particles to nucleons obtained from the magnetometer measurements, Eotvos- and Cavendish-type experiments, and from the Casimir effect is performed over the wide range of masses of axion-like particles from 10^{-10}eV to 20eV.

  11. Disrupting the wall accumulation of human sperm cells by artificial corrugation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. A. Guidobaldi; Y. Jeyaram; C. A. Condat; M. Oviedo; I. Berdakin; V. V. Moshchalkov; L. C. Giojalas; A. V. Silhanek; V. I. Marconi

    2015-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Many self-propelled microorganisms are attracted to surfaces. This makes their dynamics in restricted geometries very different from that observed in the bulk. Swimming along walls is beneficial for directing and sorting cells, but may be detrimental if homogeneous populations are desired, such as in counting microchambers. In this work, we characterize the motion of human sperm cells $\\sim$60$\\mu$m long, strongly confined to $\\sim$20$\\mu$m shallow chambers. We investigate the nature of the cell trajectories between the confining surfaces and their accumulation near the borders. Observed cell trajectories are composed of a succession of quasi-circular and quasi-linear segments. This suggests that the cells follow a path of intermittent trappings near the top and bottom surfaces separated by stretches of quasi-free motion in between the two surfaces. We show that the introduction of artificial petal-shaped corrugation in the lateral boundaries limits the accumulation near the borders and contributes to increase the concentration in the chamber interior. The steady state limit is achieved over times of the order of minutes, which agrees well with a theoretical estimate based on the assumption that the cell mean-square displacement is largely due to the quasi-linear segments. Pure quasi-circular trajectories would require several hours to stabilize. Our predictions also indicate that stabilization proceeds 2.5 times faster in the corrugated chambers than in the non-corrugated ones, which is another practical reason to prefer the former for microfluidic applications in biomedicine.

  12. Corrugation of Phase-Separated Lipid Bilayers Supported by Nanoporous Silica Xerogel Surfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goksu, E I; Nellis, B A; Lin, W; Satcher Jr., J H; Groves, J T; Risbud, S H; Longo, M L

    2008-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Lipid bilayers supported by substrates with nanometer-scale surface corrugations holds interest in understanding both nanoparticle-membrane interactions and the challenges of constructing models of cell membranes on surfaces with desirable properties, e.g. porosity. Here, we successfully form a two-phase (gel-fluid) lipid bilayer supported by nanoporous silica xerogel. Surface topology, diffusion, and lipid density in comparison to mica-supported lipid bilayers were characterized by AFM, FRAP, FCS, and quantitative fluorescence microscopy, respectively. We found that the two-phase lipid bilayer follows the xerogel surface contours. The corrugation imparted on the lipid bilayer results in a lipid density that is twice that on a flat mica surface. In direct agreement with the doubling of actual bilayer area in a projected area, we find that the lateral diffusion coefficient (D) of lipids on xerogel ({approx}1.7 {micro}m{sup 2}/s) is predictably lower than on mica ({approx}4.1 {micro}m{sup 2}/s) by both FRAP and FCS techniques. Furthermore, the gel-phase domains on xerogel compared to mica were larger and less numerous. Overall, our results suggest the presence of a relatively defect-free continuous two-phase bilayer that penetrates approximately midway into the first layer of {approx}50 nm xerogel beads.

  13. Normal and lateral Casimir forces between deformed plates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Emig, Thorsten; Hanke, Andreas; Golestanian, Ramin; Kardar, Mehran [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet zu Koeln, Zuelpicher Strasse 77, D-50937 Cologne (Germany); Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 57, D-70550 Stuttgart (Germany); Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences, Zanjan 45195-159 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Institute for Studies in Theoretical Physics and Mathematics, P.O. Box 19395-5531, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Physics Department, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)

    2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Casimir force between macroscopic bodies depends strongly on their shape and orientation. To study this geometry dependence in the case of two deformed metal plates, we use a path-integral quantization of the electromagnetic field which properly treats the many-body nature of the interaction, going beyond the commonly used pairwise summation (PWS) of van der Waals forces. For arbitrary deformations we provide an analytical result for the deformation induced change in the Casimir energy, which is exact to second order in the deformation amplitude. For the specific case of sinusoidally corrugated plates, we calculate both the normal and the lateral Casimir forces. The deformation induced change in the Casimir interaction of a flat and a corrugated plate shows an interesting crossover as a function of the ratio of the mean plate distance H to the corrugation length {lambda}: For {lambda}<>H. The amplitude of the lateral force between two corrugated plates which are out of registry is shown to have a maximum at an optimal wavelength of {lambda}{approx_equal}2.5 H. With increasing H/{lambda} > or approx. 0.3 the PWS approach becomes a progressively worse description of the lateral force due to many-body effects. These results may be of relevance for the design and operation of novel microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) and other nanoscale devices.

  14. On the isothermal geometry of corrugated graphene sheets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrzej Trzesowski

    2014-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Variational geometries describing corrugated graphene sheets are proposed. The isothermal thermomechanical properties of these sheets are described by a 2-dimensional Weyl space. The equation that couples the Weyl geometry with isothermal distributions of the temperature of graphene sheets, is formulated. This material space is observed in a 3-dimensional orthogonal configurational point space as regular surfaces which are endowed with a thermal state vector field fulfilling the isothermal thermal state equation. It enables to introduce a non-topological dimensionless thermal shape parameter of non-developable graphene sheets. The properties of the congruence of lines generated by the thermal state vector field are discussed.

  15. Corrugated Membrane Fuel Cell Structures | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof"Wave theJuly 30, 2013Department of EnergyCore Measure5andCorrugated

  16. Corrugated Metal Pipe Market Size | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovationinConcentratingEnergyCoosa Valley ElectricCornwallCorpusCorrugated

  17. Simulation of terahertz generation in corrugated plasma waveguides

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pearson, Andrew J.; Palastro, John; Antonsen, Thomas M. [Institute for Research in Electronics and Applied Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States)

    2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We simulate the response of a corrugated plasma channel to an ultrashort laser pulse in two dimensions with the goal of demonstrating the production of terahertz frequency electromagnetic modes. Corrugated channels support electromagnetic modes that have a Floquet-type dispersion relation and thus consist of a sum of spatial harmonics with subluminal phase velocities. This allows the possibility of phase matching between the ponderomotive potential associated with the laser pulse and the electromagnetic modes of the channel. Since the bandwidth of an ultrashort pulse includes terahertz frequencies, significant excitation of terahertz radiation is possible. Here we consider realistic density profiles to obtain predictions of the terahertz power output and mode structure for a channel with periodic boundary conditions. We then estimate pulse depletion effects from our simulation results. The fraction of laser energy converted to terahertz is independent of laser pulse energy in the linear regime, and we find it to be around 1%. Extrapolating to a pulse energy of 0.5 J gives a terahertz power output of 6 mJ with a pulse depletion length of less than 20 cm.

  18. Disrupting the wall accumulation of human sperm cells by artificial corrugation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. A. Guidobaldi; Y. Jeyaram; C. A. Condat; M. Oviedo; I. Berdakin; V. V. Moshchalkov; L. C. Giojalas; A. V. Silhanek; V. I. Marconi

    2015-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Many self-propelled microorganisms are attracted to surfaces. This makes their dynamics in restricted geometries very different from that observed in the bulk. Swimming along walls is beneficial for directing and sorting cells, but may be detrimental if homogeneous populations are desired, such as in counting microchambers. In this work, we characterize the motion of human sperm cells $60 \\mu m$ long, strongly confined to $25 \\mu m$ shallow chambers. We investigate the nature of the cell trajectories between the confining surfaces and their accumulation near the borders. Observed cell trajectories are composed of a succession of quasi-circular and quasi-linear segments. This suggests that the cells follow a path of intermittent trappings near the top and bottom surfaces separated by stretches of quasi-free motion in between the two surfaces, as confirmed by depth resolved confocal microscopy studies. We show that the introduction of artificial petal-shaped corrugation in the lateral boundaries removes the tendency of cells to accumulate near the borders, an effect which we hypothesize may be valuable for microfluidic applications in biomedicine.

  19. Terahertz Radiation from a Pipe with Small Corrugations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bane, K.L.F.; Stupakov, G.; /SLAC

    2012-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We have studied through analytical and numerical methods the use of a relativistic electron bunch to drive a metallic beam pipe with small corrugations for the purpose of generating terahertz radiation. For the case of a pipe with dimensions that do not change along its length, we have shown that - with reasonable parameters - one can generate a narrow-band radiation pulse with frequency {approx}1 THz, and total energy of a few milli-Joules. The pulse length tends to be on the order of tens of picoseconds. We have also shown that, if the pipe radius is tapered along its length, the generated pulse will end up with a frequency chirp; if the pulse is then made to pass through a compressor, its final length can be reduced to a few picoseconds and its peak power increased to 1 GW. We have also shown that wall losses tend to be significant and need to be included in the structure design.

  20. Determination of the Surface Corrugation Amplitude from Classical Atom Scattering W. W. Hayes*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manson, Joseph R.

    and amorphous surfaces appear similar, although the structure of ordered surfaces can exhibit rain- bow features that is highly corrugated or one that is regarded as being flat except for small time- dependent thermal

  1. Demonstration of nonlinear-energy-spread compensation in relativistic electron bunches with corrugated structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fu, Feichao; Zhu, Pengfei; Zhao, Lingrong; Jiang, Tao; Lu, Chao; Liu, Shengguang; Shi, Libin; Yan, Lixin; Deng, Haixiao; Feng, Chao; Gu, Qiang; Huang, Dazhang; Liu, Bo; Wang, Dong; Wang, Xingtao; Zhang, Meng; Zhao, Zhentang; Stupakov, Gennady; Xiang, Dao; Zhang, Jie

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    High quality electron beams with flat distributions in both energy and current are critical for many accelerator-based scientific facilities such as free-electron lasers and MeV ultrafast electron diffraction and microscopes. In this Letter we report on using corrugated structures to compensate for the beam nonlinear energy chirp imprinted by the curvature of the radio-frequency field, leading to a significant reduction in beam energy spread. By using a pair of corrugated structures with orthogonal orientations, we show that the quadrupole wake fields which otherwise increase beam emittance can be effectively canceled. This work also extends the applications of corrugated structures to the low beam charge (a few pC) and low beam energy (a few MeV) regime and may have a strong impact in many accelerator-based facilities.

  2. Graphene on Ru(0001) Moire Corrugation Studied by Scanning Tunneling Microscopy on Au/Graphene/Ru(0001) Heterostructures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciobanu, Cristian

    Graphene on Ru(0001) Moire Corrugation Studied by Scanning Tunneling Microscopy on Au/Graphene on graphene/Ru(0001) were used to study the corrugation of the moire structure of graphene/Ru(0001 for the graphene/Ru(0001) moire is of structural nature rather than electronic. STM showed a large value

  3. Using pipe with corrugated walls for a sub-terahertz FEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stupakov, Gennady

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It has been noted in the past, in the study of the wall-roughness impedance, that a metallic pipe with corrugated walls supports propagation of a high-frequency mode that is in resonance with a relativistic beam. This mode can be excited by a beam whose length is a fraction of the wavelength. In this paper, we study another option of excitation of the resonant mode in a metallic pipe with corrugated walls---via the mechanism of the free electron laser instability. This mechanism works if the bunch length is much longer than the wavelength of the radiation.

  4. Failure modes and design optimization for re-usable corrugated cases 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karuppoor, Srinand S.

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this thesis is to study and analyze the distribution and usage of reusable corrugated cardboard cases in the delivery of the product within the Frito-Lay system. The studies conducted looked at the various modes by which the cases...

  5. Particle trap to sheath contact for a gas-insulated transmission line having a corrugated outer conductor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fischer, William H. (Pittsburgh, PA); Cookson, Alan H. (Pittsburgh, PA); Yoon, Kue H. (Pittsburgh, PA)

    1984-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A particle trap to outer elongated conductor or sheath contact for gas-insulated transmission lines. The particle trap to outer sheath contact of the invention is applicable to gas-insulated transmission lines having either corrugated or non-corrugated outer sheaths. The contact of the invention includes an electrical contact disposed on a lever arm which in turn is rotatably disposed on the particle trap and biased in a direction to maintain contact between the electrical contact and the outer sheath.

  6. Simulation and analysis on ultrasonic testing for the cement grouting defects of the corrugated pipe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Qingbang, Han; Ling, Chen; Changping, Zhu [Changzhou Key Laboratory of Sensor Networks and Environmental Sensing, College of IOT, Hohai University Changzhou, Jiangsu, 213022 (China)

    2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The defects exist in the cement grouting process of prestressed corrugated pipe may directly impair the bridge safety. In this paper, sound fields propagation in concrete structures with corrugated pipes and the influence of various different defects are simulated and analyzed using finite element method. The simulation results demonstrate a much complex propagation characteristic due to multiple reflection, refraction and scattering, where the scattering signals caused by metal are very strong, while the signals scattered by an air bubble are weaker. The influence of defect both in time and frequency domain are found through deconvolution treatment. In the time domain, the deconvolution signals correspond to larger defect display a larger head wave amplitude and shorter arrive time than those of smaller defects; in the frequency domain, larger defect also shows a stronger amplitude, lower center frequency and lower cutoff frequency.

  7. Lateral flow strip assay

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Miles, Robin R. (Danville, CA); Benett, William J. (Livermore, CA); Coleman, Matthew A. (Oakland, CA); Pearson, Francesca S. (Livermore, CA); Nasarabadi, Shanavaz L. (Livermore, CA)

    2011-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A lateral flow strip assay apparatus comprising a housing; a lateral flow strip in the housing, the lateral flow strip having a receiving portion; a sample collection unit; and a reagent reservoir. Saliva and/or buccal cells are collected from an individual using the sample collection unit. The sample collection unit is immersed in the reagent reservoir. The tip of the lateral flow strip is immersed in the reservoir and the reagent/sample mixture wicks up into the lateral flow strip to perform the assay.

  8. Effects of metallic absorption and the corrugated layer on the optical extraction efficiency of organic light-emitting diodes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Baek-Woon

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The absorption of a metallic cathode in OLEDs is analyzed by using FDTD calculation. As the light propagates parallel to the layer, the intensity of Ez polarization decreases rapidly. The intensity at 2.0 um from the dipole is less than a quarter of that at 0.5 um. The strong absorption by a cathode can be a critical factor when considering the increase of optical extraction by means of bending the optical layers. The calculation indicates that the corrugation of layers helps the guided light escape the guiding layer, but also increases the absorption into a metallic cathode. The final optical output power of the corrugated OLED can be smaller than that of the flat OLED. On the contrary, the corrugated structure with a non-absorptive cathode increases the optical extraction by nearly two times.

  9. Superresolution observed from evanescent waves transmitted through nano-corrugated metallic films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben-Aryeh, Y

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Plane EM waves transmitted through nano-corrugated metallic thin films produce evanescent waves which include the information on the nano-structures. The production of the evanescent waves at the metallic surface are analyzed. A microsphere located above the metallic surface collects the evanescent waves which are converted into propagating waves. The equations for the refraction at the boundary of the microsphere and the use of Snell's law for evanescent waves are developed. The magnification of the nano-structure images is explained by a geometric optics description, but the high resolution is related to the evanescent waves properties.

  10. Opportunities for Energy Efficiency and Demand Response in Corrugated Cardboard Manufacturing Facilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chow, S.; Hackett, B.; Ganji, A. R.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OPPORTUNITIES FOR ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND DEMAND RESPONSE IN CORRUGATED CARDBOARD MANUFACTURING FACILITIES Sandra Chow BASE Energy, Inc.* San Francisco, CA 94103 Ahmad R. Ganji, Ph.D., P.E. San Francisco State University San Francisco, CA....6 Plant F 7 53,307 0.7 Plant G 14 294,544 0.3 Plant H 13 61,553 0.8 Plant I 9 28,945 1.1 Plant J 9 24,759 2.9 Plant K 12 124,854 0.8 Plant L 18 113,640 1.2 MAJOR OPPORTUNITIES IN DEMAND RESPONSE In recent years, due...

  11. EDDY CURRENT SYSTEM FOR DETECTION OF CRACKING BENEATH BRAIDING IN CORRUGATED METAL HOSE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wincheski, Buzz [NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA 23681 (United States); Simpson, John [Lockheed Martin Space Operations, Hampton, VA 23681 (United States); Hall, George [George Washington University, Washington, D.C. 20052 (United States)

    2009-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper an eddy current system for the detection of partially-through-the-thickness cracks in corrugated metal hose is presented. Design criteria based upon the geometry and conductivity of the part are developed and applied to the fabrication of a prototype inspection system. Experimental data are used to highlight the capabilities of the system and an image processing technique is presented to improve flaw detection capabilities. A case study for detection of cracking damage in a space shuttle radiator retract flex hoses is also presented.

  12. Opportunities for Energy Efficiency and Demand Response in Corrugated Cardboard Manufacturing Facilities 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chow, S.; Hackett, B.; Ganji, A. R.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    include: • Lighting ? mainly for warehouse storage areas • Various blowers and suction systems ? used for collecting trimmed edges off of the cardboard sheet • Significant amount of compressed air for pneumatics, blowing, drying, etc....48 0 ? 0.2 Insulate Hot Plates on Corrugator 46.2 25.3 36.51 0.3 ? 1.5 Install an Economizer to Preheat Boiler Feedwater 46.2 8.8 27.27 0.8 ? 5.5 Insulate Steam and Condensate Return Pipelines 69.2 20.1 64.00 0.6 ? 3.3 Tune and Adjust...

  13. The dynamic indentation response of sandwich panels with a corrugated or Y-frame core

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    St-Pierre, L.; Fleck, N. A.; Deshpande, V. S.

    2014-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    from 10 to 100 m/s is relevant to land-based transport, such as military, automotive and rail industries. In this study, we compare and contrast the performances of two core designs: the Y- frame and corrugated cores as shown in Fig. 1. To enable... to mitigate against collisions in automotive and rail transport. Collisions on land are likely to occur at much higher velocities than on sea; hence, there is a need to quantify the effect of loading velocity on the indentation response of the sandwich...

  14. Study of the effects of corrugated wall structures due to blanket modules around ICRH antennas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dumortier, Pierre; Louche, Fabrice; Messiaen, André; Vervier, Michel [LPP-ERM/KMS, EURATOM-Belgian State Association, TEC partner, B-1000 Brussels (Belgium)

    2014-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

    In future fusion reactors, and in ITER, the first wall will be covered by blanket modules. These blanket modules, whose dimensions are of the order of the ICRF wavelengths, together with the clearance gaps between them will constitute a corrugated structure which will interact with the electromagnetic waves launched by ICRF antennas. The conditions in which the grooves constituted by the clearance gaps between the blanket modules can become resonant are studied. Simple analytical models and numerical simulations show that mushroom type structures (with larger gaps at the back than at the front) can bring down the resonance frequencies, which could lead to large voltages in the gaps between the blanket modules and perturb the RF properties of the antenna if they are in the ICRF operating range. The effect on the wave propagation along the wall structure, which is acting as a spatially periodic (toroidally and poloidally) corrugated structure, and hence constitutes a slow wave structure modifying the wall boundary condition, is examined.

  15. Electron Beam Energy Chirp Control with a Rectangular Corrugated Structure at the Linac Coherent Light Source

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Zhang, Zhen; Bane, Karl; Ding, Yantao; Huang, Zhirong; Iverson, Richard; Maxwell, Timothy; Stupakov, Gennady; Wang, Lanfa

    2015-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Electron beam energy chirp is an important parameter that affects the bandwidth and performance of a linac-based, free-electron laser. In this paper we study the wakefields generated by a beam passing between at metallic plates with small corrugations, and then apply such a device as a passive dechirper for the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) energy chirp control with a multi-GeV and femtosecond electron beam. Similar devices have been tested in several places at relatively low energies (#24;100 MeV) and with relatively long bunches (> 1ps). In the parameter regime of the LCLS dechirper, with the corrugation size similar to the gap between the plates, the analytical solutions of the wakefields are no longer applicable, and we resort to a #12;field matching program to obtain the wakes. Based on the numerical calculations, we #12;fit the short-range, longitudinal wakes to simple formulas, valid over a large, useful parameter range. Finally, since the transverse wakefields - both dipole and quadrupole-are strong, we compute and include them in beam dynamics simulations to investigate the error tolerances when this device is introduced in the LCLS.

  16. Electron Beam Energy Chirp Control with a Rectangular Corrugated Structure at the Linac Coherent Light Source

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Zhang, Zhen; Bane, Karl; Ding, Yantao; Huang, Zhirong; Iverson, Richard; Maxwell, Timothy; Stupakov, Gennady; Wang, Lanfa

    2015-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Electron beam energy chirp is an important parameter that affects the bandwidth and performance of a linac-based, free-electron laser. In this paper we study the wakefields generated by a beam passing between at metallic plates with small corrugations, and then apply such a device as a passive dechirper for the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) energy chirp control with a multi-GeV and femtosecond electron beam. Similar devices have been tested in several places at relatively low energies (#24;100 MeV) and with relatively long bunches (> 1ps). In the parameter regime of the LCLS dechirper, with the corrugation size similar tomore »the gap between the plates, the analytical solutions of the wakefields are no longer applicable, and we resort to a #12;field matching program to obtain the wakes. Based on the numerical calculations, we #12;fit the short-range, longitudinal wakes to simple formulas, valid over a large, useful parameter range. Finally, since the transverse wakefields - both dipole and quadrupole-are strong, we compute and include them in beam dynamics simulations to investigate the error tolerances when this device is introduced in the LCLS.« less

  17. Interaction of Flexural Phonons with Electrons in Graphene: A Generalized Dirac Equation in Corrugated Surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richard Kerner; Gerardo Naumis

    2011-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A generalized Dirac equation is derived in order to describe charge carriers moving in corrugated graphene, which is the case for temperatures above 10{\\deg}K due to the presence of flexural phonons. Such interaction is taken into account by considering an induced metric, in the same spirit as the general relativity approach for the description of fermionic particle moving in a curved space-time. The resulting equation allows to include in a natural way the presence of other phonon branches as well as an external electromagnetic field. It also predicts non-linear effects which are not present in the usual vector potential approximation used in most of publications on the subject, as well as the possibility of controlling electronic conductivity using pure sinusoidal strain fields. The non-linear terms are important at high temperatures, and can also lead to interesting effects, like e.g. resonances between flexural phonons and external electromagnetic fields.

  18. Laterally bendable belt conveyor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Peterson, William J. (Coraopolis, PA)

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An endless, laterally flexible and bendable belt conveyor particularly adapted for coal mining applications in facilitating the transport of the extracted coal up- or downslope and around corners in a continuous manner is disclosed. The conveying means includes a flat rubber belt reinforced along the middle portion thereof along which the major portion of the belt tension is directed so as to cause rotation of the tubular shaped belt when trammed around lateral turns thus preventing excessive belt bulging distortion between adjacent belt supports which would inhibit belt transport. Pretension induced into the fabric reinforced flat rubber belt by conventional belt take-up means supports the load conveyed when the belt conveyor is making lateral turns. The carrying and return portions of the belt are supported and formed into a tubular shape by a plurality of shapers positioned along its length. Each shaper is supported from above by a monorail and includes clusters of idler rollers which support the belt. Additional cluster rollers in each shaper permit the belt supporting roller clusters to rotate in response to the belt's operating tension imposed upon the cluster rollers by induced lateral belt friction forces. The freely rotating roller clusters thus permit the belt to twist on lateral curves without damage to itself while precluding escape of the conveyed material by effectively enclosing it in the tube-shaped, inner belt transport length.

  19. Experimental demonstration of longitudinal beam phase space linearizer in a free-electron laser facility by corrugated structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deng, Haixiao; Feng, Chao; Zhang, Tong; Wang, Xingtao; Lan, Taihe; Feng, Lie; Zhang, Wenyan; Liu, Xiaoqing; Yao, Haifeng; Shen, Lei; Li, Bin; Zhang, Junqiang; Li, Xuan; Fang, Wencheng; Wang, Dan; Couprie, Marie-emmanuelle; Lin, Guoqiang; Liu, Bo; Gu, Qiang; Wang, Dong; Zhao, Zhentang

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Removal of residual linear energy chirp and intrinsic nonlinear energy curvature in the relativistic electron beam from radiofrequency linear accelerator is of paramount importance for efficient lasing of a high-gain free-electron laser. Recently, it was theoretically and experimentally demonstrated that the longitudinal wakefield excited by the electrons itself in the corrugated structure allows for precise control of the electron beam phase space. In this Letter, we report the first utilization of a corrugated structure as beam linearizer in the operation of a seeded free-electron laser driven by a 140 MeV linear accelerator, where a gain of ~10,000 over spontaneous emission was achieved at the second harmonic of the 1047 nm seed laser, and a free-electron laser bandwidth narrowing by about 50% was observed, in good agreement with the theoretical expectations.

  20. Particle trap to sheath non-binding contact for a gas-insulated transmission line having a corrugated outer conductor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fischer, William H. (Pittsburgh, PA)

    1984-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    A non-binding particle trap to outer sheath contact for use in gas insulated transmission lines having a corrugated outer conductor. The non-binding feature of the contact according to the teachings of the invention is accomplished by having a lever arm rotatably attached to a particle trap by a pivot support axis disposed parallel to the direction of travel of the inner conductor/insulator/particle trap assembly.

  1. Lateral conduction infrared photodetector

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kim, Jin K. (Albuquerque, NM); Carroll, Malcolm S. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2011-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    A photodetector for detecting infrared light in a wavelength range of 3-25 .mu.m is disclosed. The photodetector has a mesa structure formed from semiconductor layers which include a type-II superlattice formed of alternating layers of InAs and In.sub.xGa.sub.1-xSb with 0.ltoreq.x.ltoreq.0.5. Impurity doped regions are formed on sidewalls of the mesa structure to provide for a lateral conduction of photo-generated carriers which can provide an increased carrier mobility and a reduced surface recombination. An optional bias electrode can be used in the photodetector to control and vary a cut-off wavelength or a depletion width therein. The photodetector can be formed as a single-color or multi-color device, and can also be used to form a focal plane array which is compatible with conventional read-out integrated circuits.

  2. Lateral coupled cavity semiconductor laser

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salzman, J.; Lang, R.J.; Yariv, A.

    1987-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This patent describes a monolithic lateral-coupled laser array comprised of at least two stripe laser cavities of different effective length in close parallel proximity to each other for coupling of radiation. The longer of the stripe laser cavities is cleaved to provide separate parts, and the parts are cleaved coupled to form one strip laser cavity lateral coupled to the shorter laser cavity. A separate stripe contact varies the relative currents supplied to each laser cavity, including the cleaved coupled cavities of the longer of the stripe laser cavities.

  3. Most Viewed Documents for Energy Storage, Conversion, and Utilization...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    wastewaters and contaminated soil Peters, R.W.; Shem, L. (1993) 107 Seventh Edition Fuel Cell Handbook NETL (2004) 96 An Improved Method of Manufacturing Corrugated Boxes:...

  4. Lateral electrodeposition of compositionally modulated metal layers

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hearne, Sean J

    2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for making a laterally modulated metallic structure that is compositionally modulated in the lateral direction with respect to a substrate.

  5. Prarie View RDF

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    PRAIRIE VIEW RDF 2 Prairie View RDF Located at JAAP (approx. 40 miles southwest of Chicago), 223 acres on 455 Acre Parcel Will County Owner; Waste Management, Operator ...

  6. Lateral coupled cavity semiconductor laser

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salzman, J.; Lang, R.; Yariv, A.

    1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the fabrication and operation of a lateral coupled cavity semiconductor laser that consists of two phase-locked parallel lasers of different lengths and with separate electrical contacts. Mode selectivity that results from the interaction between the two supermodes is investigated experimentally. Frequency selectivity and tunability are obtained by controlling the current to each laser separately. Highly stable single mode operation is also demonstrated.

  7. LATERAL LANDFILL GAS MIGRATION: CHARACTERIZATION AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    LATERAL LANDFILL GAS MIGRATION: CHARACTERIZATION AND PRELIMINARY MODELING RESULTS O.BOUR*, E,UniversitéLaval, Sainte-Foy, Canada SUMMARY: Lateral landfill gas migration occurs in the surroundings of a MSW landfill complementary physical measures were used to build a conceptual model of lateral landfill gas migration

  8. Studying Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis at the APS

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Gelfand, Paul; Miller, Lisa

    2014-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Researchers from Brookhaven National Lab come to Argonne's Advanced Photon Source to study Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, commonly known as Lou Gehrig's disease.

  9. World Views From fragmentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .......................................................11 2. The Seven Components of a World View...................................................... 20 3. The Unity of the Seven Sub........................................... 25 5. The Purpose of the group `Worldviews

  10. Lateral displacement and rotational displacement sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Duden, Thomas

    2014-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A position measuring sensor formed from opposing sets of capacitor plates measures both rotational displacement and lateral displacement from the changes in capacitances as overlapping areas of capacitors change. Capacitances are measured by a measuring circuit. The measured capacitances are provided to a calculating circuit that performs calculations to obtain angular and lateral displacement from the capacitances measured by the measuring circuit.

  11. Lateral stability of long precast concrete beams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burgoyne, Chris

    buckling L length of beam vx lateral de¯ection measured in the minor- axis direction (which rotates with yLateral stability of long precast concrete beams T. J. Stratford, BA, BEng, and C. J. Burgoyne, BA, making them more susceptible to buckling failure. This paper shows that once the beam is positioned

  12. July 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Energy Storage, Conversion...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    the impact on PV system design Stevens, J.W.; Corey, G.P. (1996) 142 > Seventh Edition Fuel Cell Handbook NETL (2004) 133 > An Improved Method of Manufacturing Corrugated...

  13. NEWS & VIEWS Glass dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weeks, Eric R.

    NEWS & VIEWS Glass dynamics Diverging views on glass transition Gregory B. mc.mckenna@ttu.edu T he glass transition is one of the most intriguing phenomena in the world of soft condensed matter. Despite decades of study, many aspects of the behaviour of glass-forming liquids remain elusive

  14. Profiling 1366 Technologies: One Year Later

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Last January, we took a look at how ARPA-E performer, 1366 Technologies is working to dramatically reduce the cost of solar energy. A year later, we revisited their headquarters in Lexington, MA to...

  15. NEWS AND VIEWS PERSPECTIVE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahler, D. Luke

    NEWS AND VIEWS PERSPECTIVE Niche diversification follows key innovation in Antarctic fish radiation Oxford Street, Cambridge MA 02138, USA Antarctic notothenioid fishes provide a fascinating evolu- tionary diversification has occurred repeatedly and in parallel. Keywords: community ecology, fish, macroevolution, phylo

  16. Forward viewing OCT endomicroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Kaicheng

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A forward viewing fiber optic-based imaging probe device was designed and constructed for use with ultrahigh speed optical coherence tomography in the human gastrointestinal tract. The light source was a MEMS-VCSEL at 1300 ...

  17. 3D localization of clustered microcalcifications using cranio-caudal and medio-lateral oblique views

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Chein-I

    Chin Yi Institute of Technology Taichung, Taiwan 411, ROC c Department of Radiology, Tri General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan 407, ROC g Suao Veterans Hospital, Yilan County, Taiwan 270, ROC h Engineering, University of Maryland Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD 21250, USA Received 15 September 2004

  18. Lateral restraint assembly for reactor core

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gorholt, Wilhelm (San Diego, CA); Luci, Raymond K. (Del Mar, CA)

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A restraint assembly for use in restraining lateral movement of a reactor core relative to a reactor vessel wherein a plurality of restraint assemblies are interposed between the reactor core and the reactor vessel in circumferentially spaced relation about the core. Each lateral restraint assembly includes a face plate urged against the outer periphery of the core by a plurality of compression springs which enable radial preloading of outer reflector blocks about the core and resist low-level lateral motion of the core. A fixed radial key member cooperates with each face plate in a manner enabling vertical movement of the face plate relative to the key member but restraining movement of the face plate transverse to the key member in a plane transverse to the center axis of the core. In this manner, the key members which have their axes transverse to or subtending acute angles with the direction of a high energy force tending to move the core laterally relative to the reactor vessel restrain such lateral movement.

  19. High Performance Lateral Schottky Collector Bipolar Transistors on SOI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, M. Jagadesh

    C-emitter lateral NPM Schottky collector transistor. To study the novel characteristics of these lateral Schottky junction of the proposed lateral PNM (NPM) transistor consists of a Schottky junction between N-base (P

  20. Later Tertiary Leporidae of North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dawson, M. R.

    1958-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the half-bound or leaping gallop of leporids. The postcranial skeleton in primitive leporids was probably more flexible laterally than in later le- ponds, which are specialized for anteroposterior movement. A few leporids departed from the main line... 20, 1873. Type specimen.—Part of left lower jaw having broken incisor, P3 -M3 , A.M.N.H. No. 5635, Oreodon beds, Cedar Creek, Colorado. Geologic age and distribution. Orellan (middle Oligocene) and probably Whitneyan (late Oligocene) of Great Plains...

  1. Integrated Lateral Flow Test Strip with Electrochemical Sensor...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lateral Flow Test Strip with Electrochemical Sensor for Quantification of Phosphorylated Cholinesterase: Biomarker of Integrated Lateral Flow Test Strip with Electrochemical Sensor...

  2. Engineering Aerial view of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Junfeng

    -neutral Torus 2 Climate Change 4 Combustion and Catalysis Laboratory #12;4 5 1Engineering Revolution 5 #12;6 7Columbia Engineering Plus #12;1 1 2 3 4 5 6 Aerial view of Columbia campus with Columbia Engineering-a liated buildings highlighted in blue Columbia Engineering Plus Engineering Revolution 4

  3. Profiling 1366 Technologies: One Year Later

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Van Mierlo, Frank; Sachs, Ely;

    2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Last January, we took a look at how ARPA-E performer, 1366 Technologies is working to dramatically reduce the cost of solar energy. A year later, we revisited their headquarters in Lexington, MA to see the progress they've made.

  4. Laterally coupled-cavity semiconductor lasers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lang, R.J.; Yariv, A.; Salzman, J.

    1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors analyze the threshold behaviour or a pair of laterally coupled semiconductor lasers of different lengths. The predictions include longitudinal mode selectivity leading to single longitudinal mode operation with a periodicity determined by the length mismatch, and ripples in the equipower curves in the current plane due to carrier-induced index shifts. They present experimental measurements that confirm these predictions.

  5. An analysis of van der Waals density functional components: Binding and corrugation of benzene and C60 on boron nitride and graphene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berland, Kristian

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The adsorption of benzene and C60 on graphene and boron nitride (BN) is studied using density functional theory with the non-local correlation functional vdW-DF. By comparing these systems we can systematically investigate their adsorption nature and differences between the two functional versions vdW-DF1 and vdW-DF2. The bigger size of the C60 molecule makes it bind stronger to the surface than benzene, yet the interface between the molecules and the sheets are similar in nature. The binding separation is more sensitive to the exchange variant used in vdW-DF than to the correlation version. This result is related to the exchange and correlation components of the potential energy curve (PEC). We show that a moderate dipole forms for C60 on graphene, unlike for the other adsorption systems. We find that the corrugation is very sensitive to the variant or version of vdW-DF used, in particular the exchange. Further, we show that this sensitivity arise indirectly through the shift in binding separation caused by ...

  6. Stereoscopic optical viewing system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tallman, Clifford S. (Walnut Creek, CA)

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved optical system which provides the operator a stereoscopic viewing field and depth of vision, particularly suitable for use in various machines such as electron or laser beam welding and drilling machines. The system features two separate but independently controlled optical viewing assemblies from the eyepiece to a spot directly above the working surface. Each optical assembly comprises a combination of eye pieces, turning prisms, telephoto lenses for providing magnification, achromatic imaging relay lenses and final stage pentagonal turning prisms. Adjustment for variations in distance from the turning prisms to the workpiece, necessitated by varying part sizes and configurations and by the operator's visual accuity, is provided separately for each optical assembly by means of separate manual controls at the operator console or within easy reach of the operator.

  7. Stereoscopic optical viewing system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tallman, C.S.

    1986-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved optical system which provides the operator with a stereoscopic viewing field and depth of vision, particularly suitable for use in various machines such as electron or laser beam welding and drilling machines. The system features two separate but independently controlled optical viewing assemblies from the eyepiece to a spot directly above the working surface. Each optical assembly comprises a combination of eye pieces, turning prisms, telephoto lenses for providing magnification, achromatic imaging relay lenses and final stage pentagonal turning prisms. Adjustment for variations in distance from the turning prisms to the workpiece, necessitated by varying part sizes and configurations and by the operator's visual accuity, is provided separately for each optical assembly by means of separate manual controls at the operator console or within easy reach of the operator.

  8. Multi-view kernel construction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sa, Virginia R.; Gallagher, Patrick W.; Lewis, Joshua M.; Malave, Vicente L.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    5157-z Multi-view kernel construction Virginia R. de Sa ·multiple different graph construction algorithms. The Ng et

  9. TotalView Training

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del SolStrengthening a solidSynthesisAppliances » Top InnovativeTopoisomeraseTotalView

  10. Protective laser beam viewing device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Neil, George R.; Jordan, Kevin Carl

    2012-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A protective laser beam viewing system or device including a camera selectively sensitive to laser light wavelengths and a viewing screen receiving images from the laser sensitive camera. According to a preferred embodiment of the invention, the camera is worn on the head of the user or incorporated into a goggle-type viewing display so that it is always aimed at the area of viewing interest to the user and the viewing screen is incorporated into a video display worn as goggles over the eyes of the user.

  11. Dual-domain lateral shearing interferometer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Naulleau, Patrick P.; Goldberg, Kenneth Alan

    2004-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The phase-shifting point diffraction interferometer (PS/PDI) was developed to address the problem of at-wavelength metrology of extreme ultraviolet (EUV) optical systems. Although extremely accurate, the fact that the PS/PDI is limited to use with coherent EUV sources, such as undulator radiation, is a drawback for its widespread use. An alternative to the PS/PDI, with relaxed coherence requirements, is lateral shearing interferometry (LSI). The use of a cross-grating, carrier-frequency configuration to characterize a large-field 4.times.-reduction EUV lithography optic is demonstrated. The results obtained are directly compared with PS/PDI measurements. A defocused implementation of the lateral shearing interferometer in which an image-plane filter allows both phase-shifting and Fourier wavefront recovery. The two wavefront recovery methods can be combined in a dual-domain technique providing suppression of noise added by self-interference of high-frequency components in the test-optic wavefront.

  12. False color viewing device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kronberg, J.W.

    1991-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

    This invention consists of a viewing device for observing objects in near-infrared false-color comprising a pair of goggles with one or more filters in the apertures, and pads that engage the face for blocking stray light from the sides so that all light reaching, the user`s eyes come through the filters. The filters attenuate most visible light and pass near-infrared (having wavelengths longer than approximately 700 nm) and a small amount of blue-green and blue-violet (having wavelengths in the 500 to 520 nm and shorter than 435 nm, respectively). The goggles are useful for looking at vegetation to identify different species and for determining the health of the vegetation, and to detect some forms of camouflage.

  13. False color viewing device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kronberg, James W. (108 Independent Blvd., Aiken, SC 29801)

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A viewing device for observing objects in near-infrared false-color comprising a pair of goggles with one or more filters in the apertures, and pads that engage the face for blocking stray light from the sides so that all light reaching the user's eyes come through the filters. The filters attenuate most visible light and pass near-infrared (having wavelengths longer than approximately 700 nm) and a small amount of blue-green and blue-violet (having wavelengths in the 500 to 520 nm and shorter than 435 nm, respectively). The goggles are useful for looking at vegetation to identify different species and for determining the health of the vegetation, and to detect some forms of camouflage.

  14. False color viewing device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kronberg, J.W.

    1992-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    A viewing device for observing objects in near-infrared false-color comprising a pair of goggles with one or more filters in the apertures, and pads that engage the face for blocking stray light from the sides so that all light reaching the user's eyes come through the filters. The filters attenuate most visible light and pass near-infrared (having wavelengths longer than approximately 700 nm) and a small amount of blue-green and blue-violet (having wavelengths in the 500 to 520 nm and shorter than 435 nm, respectively). The goggles are useful for looking at vegetation to identify different species and for determining the health of the vegetation, and to detect some forms of camouflage. 7 figs.

  15. The view from Kiev

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kiselyov, S.

    1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article reports the observations of correspondents for the Bulletin (two Russian journalists, one based in Moscow, the other in Kiev) who investigated the status of the Soviet Union's Black Sea Fleet and Ukraine's status as a non-nuclear-weapons state. After two years of wrangling and two earlier failed settlements, Russian President Boris Yeltsin met with Ukrainian President Leonid Kravchuk at Massandra in Crimea. On September 3, the leaders announced that Russia would buy out Ukraine's interest in the fleet and lease the port at Sevastopol. The Massandra summit was also supposed to settle Ukraine's status as a non-nuclear-weapons state. Described here are the Kiev-based correspondent's views on the Massandra summit (and its major topics), which was to have been called off by the Russian foreign ministry when Ukrainian Prime Minister Leonid Kuchma resigned.

  16. Large-scale lateral nanowire arrays nanogenerators

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L; Xu, Chen; Qin, Yong; Zhu, Guang; Yang, Rusen; Hu, Youfan; Zhang, Yan

    2014-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    In a method of making a generating device, a plurality of spaced apart elongated seen members are deposited onto a surface of a flexible non-conductive substrate. An elongated conductive layer is applied to a top surface and a first side of each seed member, thereby leaving an exposed second side opposite the first side. A plurality of elongated piezoelectric nanostructures is grown laterally from the second side of each seed layer. A second conductive material is deposited onto the substrate adjacent each elongated first conductive layer so as to be soupled the distal end of each of the plurality of elongated piezoelectric nanostructures. The second conductive material is selected so as to form a Schottky barrier between the second conductive material and the distal end of each of the plurality of elongated piezoelectric nanostructures and so as to form an electrical contact with the first conductive layer.

  17. Inertia and scaling in deterministic lateral displacement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drazer, Timothy J Bowman German

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ability to separate and analyze chemical species with high resolution, sensitivity, and throughput is central to the development of microfluidics systems. Deterministic lateral displacement (DLD) is a continuous separation method based on the transport of species through an array of obstacles. In the case of force-driven DLD (f-DLD), size-based separation can be modelled effectively using a simple particle-obstacle collision model. We use a macroscopic model to study f-DLD and demonstrate, via a simple scaling, that the method is indeed predominantly a size-based phenomenon at low Reynolds numbers. More importantly, we demonstrate that inertia effects provide the additional capability to separate same size particles but of different densities and could enhance separation at high throughput conditions. We also show that a direct conversion of macroscopic results to microfluidic settings is possible with a simple scaling based on the size of the obstacles that results in a universal curve.

  18. Lateral position detection and control for friction stir systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fleming, Paul; Lammlein, David H.; Cook, George E.; Wilkes, Don Mitchell; Strauss, Alvin M.; Delapp, David R.; Hartman, Daniel A.

    2012-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    An apparatus and computer program are disclosed for processing at least one workpiece using a rotary tool with rotating member for contacting and processing the workpiece. The methods include oscillating the rotary tool laterally with respect to a selected propagation path for the rotating member with respect to the workpiece to define an oscillation path for the rotating member. The methods further include obtaining force signals or parameters related to the force experienced by the rotary tool at least while the rotating member is disposed at the extremes of the oscillation. The force signals or parameters associated with the extremes can then be analyzed to determine a lateral position of the selected path with respect to a target path and a lateral offset value can be determined based on the lateral position. The lateral distance between the selected path and the target path can be decreased based on the lateral offset value.

  19. Lateral position detection and control for friction stir systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fleming, Paul (Boulder, CO); Lammlein, David H. (Houston, TX); Cook, George E. (Brentwood, TN); Wilkes, Don Mitchell (Nashville, TN); Strauss, Alvin M. (Nashville, TN); Delapp, David R. (Ashland City, TN); Hartman, Daniel A. (Fairhope, AL)

    2011-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Friction stir methods are disclosed for processing at least one workpiece using a rotary tool with rotating member for contacting and processing the workpiece. The methods include oscillating the rotary tool laterally with respect to a selected propagation path for the rotating member with respect to the workpiece to define an oscillation path for the rotating member. The methods further include obtaining force signals or parameters related to the force experienced by the rotary tool at least while the rotating member is disposed at the extremes of the oscillation. The force signals or parameters associated with the extremes can then be analyzed to determine a lateral position of the selected path with respect to a target path and a lateral offset value can be determined based on the lateral position. The lateral distance between the selected path and the target path can be decreased based on the lateral offset value.

  20. Liquefaction-induced softening of load transfer between pile groups and laterally spreading crusts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brandenberg, Scott J; Boulanger, R W; Kutter, Bruce L; Chang, Dongdong

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    S. J. ?2005?. “Behavior of pile foundations in laterallyChang, D. ?2005?. “Behavior of pile foundations in laterallyLoad transfer between pile groups and laterally spreading

  1. A Regulator's View of Cogeneration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shanaman, S. M.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the total national electric generation. In view of the energy requirements of Pennsylvania's industry and the impact of increasing energy costs on employment the Commission directed its technical staff to investigate the potential for industrial cogeneration...

  2. Viewing device for electron-beam equipment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nasyrov, R.S.

    1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Viewing devices are used to observe melting, welding, and so on in vacuum systems, an it is necessary to protect the windows from droplets and vapor. A viewing device for electron-beam equipment is described in which the viewing tube and mounting flange are made as a tubular ball joint enclosed in a steel bellows, which render the viewing device flexible. Bending the viewing tube in the intervals between observations protects the viewing window from sputtering and from drops of molten metal.

  3. Negative quantum capacitance in graphene nanoribbons with lateral gates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florian, Libisch

    Negative quantum capacitance in graphene nanoribbons with lateral gates R. Reiter1, , U. Derra2 , S numerical simulations of the capacitive coupling between graphene nanoribbons of various widths and gate electrodes in different configurations. We compare the influence of lateral metallic or graphene side gate

  4. Lateral Buckling Mechanics in Silicon Nanowires on Elastomeric Substrates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    Lateral Buckling Mechanics in Silicon Nanowires on Elastomeric Substrates Seung Yoon Ryu, Jianliang-liquid-solid (VLS) growth and transferred onto PDMS substrates. The behavior involves lateral buckling Manuscript Received July 17, 2009 ABSTRACT We describe experimental and theoretical studies of the buckling

  5. Lateral Torsional Buckling resistance of Pultruded FRP beams by testing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mottram, Toby

    Lateral Torsional Buckling resistance of Pultruded FRP beams by testing PhD student: Tien (Courtesy of Fiberline) MAT Roving 2 EL ET Orthotropic Material #12;3 #12;4 WHAT IS LATERAL TORSIONAL BUCKLING (LTB)? . WHY STUDY LTB ? (1) LTB is an important global instability failure mode in design. (2

  6. Wide field of view telescope

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ackermann, Mark R. (Albuquerque, NM); McGraw, John T. (Placitas, NM); Zimmer, Peter C. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A wide field of view telescope having two concave and two convex reflective surfaces, each with an aspheric surface contour, has a flat focal plane array. Each of the primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary reflective surfaces are rotationally symmetric about the optical axis. The combination of the reflective surfaces results in a wide field of view in the range of approximately 3.8.degree. to approximately 6.5.degree.. The length of the telescope along the optical axis is approximately equal to or less than the diameter of the largest of the reflective surfaces.

  7. Thermodynamic and kinetic control of the lateral Si wire growth

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dedyulin, Sergey N., E-mail: sdedyuli@uwo.ca; Goncharova, Lyudmila V. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Western Ontario, 1151 Richmond St., London, Ontario N6A 3K7 (Canada)

    2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Reproducible lateral Si wire growth has been realized on the Si (100) surface. In this paper, we present experimental evidence showing the unique role that carbon plays in initiating lateral growth of Si wires on a Si (100) substrate. Once initiated in the presence of ?5 ML of C, lateral growth can be achieved in the range of temperatures, T?=?450–650?°C, and further controlled by the interplay of the flux of incoming Si atoms with the size and areal density of Au droplets. Critical thermodynamic and kinetic aspects of the growth are discussed in detail.

  8. Experimental Automatic Lateral Control System For An Automobile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    side-view lens 2804-NL2 Power Inverter Triple Output Power2.5 Power Supplies A power inverter is mounted in the trunk

  9. Input a journal Viewing Journals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    Journals Contents: Input a journal Viewing Journals Deleting a journal Entering jnl into different period Problems Input a journal 1 Login to Bluqube 2 Select 3 Enter relevant Doc type To select the number of journals you will processing & the total credit value 6 Click on 7 Enter brief description 8

  10. Development of novel diagnostics and therapeutics for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Townsend, Seth A. (Seth Alan)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease with diagnostics and treatments that are ineffective at stopping the progression. This thesis examines new ways of both diagnosing and treating ALS, including ...

  11. Self-organization and segmentation with laterally connected spiking neurons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A self-organizing model of spiking neurons with dynamic thresholds and lateral excitatory and inhibitory connections is presented and tested in the image segmentation task. The model integrates two previously separate lines of research in modeling the visual cortex. Laterally connected self-organizing maps have been used to model how afferent structures and lateral connections could self-organize through inputdriven Hebbian adaptation. Spiking neurons with leaky integrator synapses have been used to model image segmentation and binding by synchronization and desynchronization of neuronal activity. Although these approaches differ in how they model the neuron, they have the same overall layout of a laterally connected two-dimensional network. This paper shows how both self-organization and segmentation can be achieved in such a network, thus presenting a unified model of development and functional dynamics in the primary visual cortex. 1

  12. De-noised coding by lateral interactions Cornelius Weber

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weber, Cornelius

    De-noised coding by lateral interactions Cornelius Weber Brain and Cognitive Science Dept(8):740-745 (1999). [2] C. Weber and K. Obermayer, Emergence of modularity within one sheet of intrinsically active

  13. ANALYTICAL AND CENTRIFUGE STUDIES LATERALLY LOADED SINGLE PILES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chandrasekaran, V.S.; Kulkarni, K.R.; King, G.J.W.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the Ap p licati on of Centrifuge Modelling to GeotechnicalKing, G.J.W. (1984). Centrifuge tests on laterally loadedgeotec h nical centrifuge operations. Geotechnique (30), 3,

  14. Electron tunneling and spin relaxation in a lateral quantum dot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amasha, Sami

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report measurements that use real-time charge sensing to probe a single-electron lateral quantum dot. The charge sensor is a quantum point contact (QPC) adjacent to the dot and the sensitivity is comparable to other ...

  15. Directional sensitivity of velocity sense in lateral trunk flexion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soltys, Joseph S.; Wilson, Sara E.

    2008-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

    motion were examined during paraspinal muscle vibration. Seventeen healthy subjects performed lateral trunk flexion movements while lying prone with pelvis fixed. A 44.5 Hz vibratory stimulus was applied to the paraspinal muscles at the L3 level...

  16. arteria sural lateral: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    is presented in this paper. We define fuzzy sets on the Hough transform of each character pattern pixel and synthesize additional fuzzy sets by t Sural, Shamik 2 Lateral...

  17. Mechanical response of carbon nanotubes turfs under lateral strains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    Mechanical response of carbon nanotubes turfs under lateral strains Melinda C. Lopez, David F. Bahr in a furnace 150° C under a stress equal to that of the buckling stress of the CNT. Figure 2. An illustration

  18. Performance analysis for lateral-line-inspired sensor arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Vicente I

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The lateral line is a critical component of the fish sensory system, found to affect numerous aspects of behavior including maneuvering in complex fluid environments, schooling, prey tracking, and environment mapping. This ...

  19. Lateral load test of a drilled shaft in clay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kasch, Vernon R

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    will be used to develop rational criteria for the design of drilled shafts that support precast panel retaining walls. The procedure used in conducting the study was: 1. Design and construct a reaction and loading system capable of applying large magnitude... lateral loads to large diameter drilled shafts. 2. Construct a large diameter instrumented drilled shaft. 3. Test the shaft by applying lateral loads. 4. Obtain undisturbed soil samples from the drilled shaft con- struction site and perform laboratory...

  20. Modeling Cortical Plasticity Based on Adapting Lateral Interaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A neural network model called LISSOM for the cooperative self-organization of afferent and lateral connections in cortical maps is applied to modeling cortical plasticity. After self-organization, the LISSOM maps are in a dynamic equilibrium with the input, and reorganize like the cortex in response to simulated cortical lesions and intracortical microstimulation. The model predicts that adapting lateral interactions are fundamental to cortical reorganization, and suggests techniques to hasten recovery following sensory cortical surgery.

  1. A study conducted on laterally loaded cylindrical footings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koch, Kenneth Joseph

    1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A STUDY CONDUCTED ON LATERALLY LOADED CYLINDRICAL FOOTINGS A Thesis by Kenneth Joseph Koch Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree oi MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1968... Major Subject Civil Engineering A STUDY CONDUCTED ON LATERALLY LOADED CYLINDRICAL FOOTINGS A Thesis by Kenneth Joseph Koch Approved as to style and content by (Chairman of Committee) (Head of Department) (Member) (M ber) May 1968...

  2. View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Feb 28, 2006 ... For defining the NSO functions composing the battery, we consider two categories: – randomly generated functions, either defined as the ...

  3. View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    a battery of benchmark instances of up to 200 nodes are reported. These seem to be the largest instances that have been solved exactly for this problem.

  4. View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

    May 14, 2010 ... Generally, even testing whether a matrix is in C? is co-NP-complete [23]. ...... One concrete example is the following: ?. ?. ?. ?. ?. ?. 1 1/3 1/3 ...

  5. View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

    based on median finding, variable fixing, and secant techniques. Keywords: ..... arithmetic operations, the overall complexity is O(n2). D. The worst case bound in ..... always work on its rated clock speed, we turned force the Linux system to use the ..... dimensionally equidistributed uniform pseudo-random number generator.

  6. View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1910-31-00T23:59:59.000Z

    Sep 3, 2003 ... Landau (TDGL) equation, the Maxwell equations, and an energy equation ... varying currents and magnetic fields generate thermal energy, ...

  7. View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Approach. ?. Selin Damla Ahipasao?glu the date of receipt and acceptance should be .... which has the minimum volume is a natural choice from both theoretical and ... This problem has important applications in statistics and solving this prob- ...... the SDPT3 algorithm using the CVX platform on MATLAB, which is a classic.

  8. View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

    all real solutions of a given system of polynomial equations. ... A crucial ingredient is a semidefinite characterization of the real radical ideal ...... The options.

  9. View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2004-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Let fbe a meromorphic function satisfying condition (1.2), and let rj be a sequence with property (2.5). Then the set S is finite and for some subsequence of ...

  10. View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    project of the classification of (simple) nuclear separable C*-algebras [E]. Let C? denote the category of separable C*-algebras and ?-homomorphisms.

  11. View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    the classification results of Kirchberg and Phillips using the notion of nuclear absorbing ... A simple purely infinite nuclear separable C*-algebra is called.

  12. View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The aim of this paper is to give a survey of some basic theory of semi-infinite programming. .... operations of addition and multiplication by a scalar. We associate ...

  13. Views of the solar system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hamilton, C.

    1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Views of the Solar System has been created as an educational tour of the solar system. It contains images and information about the Sun, planets, moons, asteroids and comets found within the solar system. The image processing for many of the images was done by the author. This tour uses hypertext to allow space travel by simply clicking on a desired planet. This causes information and images about the planet to appear on screen. While on a planet page, hyperlinks travel to pages about the moons and other relevant available resources. Unusual terms are linked to and defined in the Glossary page. Statistical information of the planets and satellites can be browsed through lists sorted by name, radius and distance. History of Space Exploration contains information about rocket history, early astronauts, space missions, spacecraft and detailed chronology tables of space exploration. The Table of Contents page has links to all of the various pages within Views Of the Solar System.

  14. For current viewing resistor loads

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lyons, Gregory R. (Tijeras, NM); Hass, Jay B. (Lee's Summit, MO)

    2011-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention comprises a terminal unit for a flat cable comprising a BNC-PCB connector having a pin for electrically contacting one or more conducting elements of a flat cable, and a current viewing resistor having an opening through which the pin extends and having a resistor face that abuts a connector face of the BNC-PCB connector, wherein the device is a terminal unit for the flat cable.

  15. Lateral position detection and control for friction stir systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fleming, Paul (Boulder, CO); Lammlein, David (Houston, TX); Cook, George E. (Brentwood, TN); Wilkes, Don Mitchell (Nashville, TN); Strauss, Alvin M. (Nashville, TN); Delapp, David (Ashland City, TN); Hartman, Daniel A. (Santa Fe, NM)

    2010-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

    A friction stir system for processing at least a first workpiece includes a spindle actuator coupled to a rotary tool comprising a rotating member for contacting and processing the first workpiece. A detection system is provided for obtaining information related to a lateral alignment of the rotating member. The detection system comprises at least one sensor for measuring a force experienced by the rotary tool or a parameter related to the force experienced by the rotary tool during processing, wherein the sensor provides sensor signals. A signal processing system is coupled to receive and analyze the sensor signals and determine a lateral alignment of the rotating member relative to a selected lateral position, a selected path, or a direction to decrease a lateral distance relative to the selected lateral position or selected path. In one embodiment, the friction stir system can be embodied as a closed loop tracking system, such as a robot-based tracked friction stir welding (FSW) or friction stir processing (FSP) system.

  16. Self-stabilized nonlinear lateral modes of broad area lasers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mehuys, D.; Lang, R.J.; Mittelstein, M.; Salzman, J.; Yariv, A.

    1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The lateral modes of broad area lasers are investigated theoretically. The nonlinear interaction between optical field and effective refractive index lead to a saturable nonlinearity in the governing field equation, so that self-modulated solutions are found to be stable with increased current injection above saturation intensity. The authors derive approximate analytical solutions for traveling wave fields within the broad area laser. The field amplitude consists of a small ripple superimposed on a large dc value. Matching fields at the boundary determines the modulation depth and imparts an overall phase curvature to the traveling wave mode. There are multiple lateral modes for a given set of operating conditions, and modes with successively more lobes in the ripple have greater overall phase curvature. In contrast to the linear problem, several lateral modes can achieve the same modal gain, for a given injected current density, by saturating the gain to different extent. Thus, these modes would exhibit slightly different optical powers.

  17. LATERAL GENE TRANSFER AND THE HISTORY OF BACTERIAL GENOMES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Howard Ochman

    2006-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The aims of this research were to elucidate the role and extent of lateral transfer in the differentiation of bacterial strains and species, and to assess the impact of gene transfer on the evolution of bacterial genomes. The ultimate goal of the project is to examine the dynamics of a core set of protein-coding genes (i.e., those that are distributed universally among Bacteria) by developing conserved primers that would allow their amplification and sequencing in any bacterial taxa. In addition, we adopted a bioinformatic approach to elucidate the extent of lateral gene transfer in sequenced genome.

  18. ParaView at NERSC

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)IntegratedSpeeding access toTestPhysics LabInterconnection RiskMarch StudyParaView

  19. Chisolm View | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia:PowerCER.png El CER esDataset Country ChileDialogue,China:Chisolm View

  20. Left Lateralized Enhancement of Orofacial Somatosensory Processing Due

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    JSLHR Supplement Left Lateralized Enhancement of Orofacial Somatosensory Processing Due to Speech associated with speech articulatory movements affects the perception of speech sounds and vice versa, suggesting an intimate linkage between speech production and perception systems. However, it is unclear which

  1. Frequency selectivity in laterally coupled semiconductor laser arrays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salzman, J.; Lang, R.; Yariv, A.

    1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A longitudinal-mode analysis of a system of laterally coupled waveguided resonators is presented in the coupled-mode approximation. It is shown that variations in the mirror reflectivity of the individual channels result in coupling between the supermodes of the structure. This may lead to mode suppression by modulation of the threshold gain of different Fabry--Perot modes.

  2. (DOI: will be inserted by hand later) Astrophysics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 (DOI: will be inserted by hand later) c ESO 2011 Astronomy & Astrophysics First stars XIV. Sulfur of the Galaxy. In particular the site of the formation remains uncertain because, at low metallicity, the trend of this -element versus [Fe/H] remains unclear. Moreover, although sulfur is not bound significantly in dust grains

  3. Astronomy & Astrophysics manuscript no. (will be inserted by hand later)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brun, Allan Sacha

    Astronomy & Astrophysics manuscript no. (will be inserted by hand later) Seismic tests for solar, Homi Bhabha road, Mumbai 400005, India (antia@tifr.res.in) 4 Department of Physics, University computed accurate 1-D solar models including both a macro- scopic mixing process in the solar tachocline

  4. Immunocytochemistry and Distribution of Parabrachial Terminals in the Lateral

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sherman, S. Murray

    Immunocytochemistry and Distribution of Parabrachial Terminals in the Lateral Geniculate Nucleus of the Cat: A Comparison With Corticogeniculate Terminals ALEV ERIS¸IR, SUSAN C. VAN HORN, MARTHA E. BICKFORD used a double labeling procedure with electron microscopy and found that all terminals labeled

  5. Global Warming 20 Years Later: Tipping Points Near

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, James E.

    Global Warming 20 Years Later: Tipping Points Near Jim Hansen 23 June 2008 National Press Club, and House Select Committee on Energy Independence & Global Warming Washington, DC #12;1988 Testimony Has Big Effects Did Not Emphasize That Global Warming Enhances Both Extremes of Water Cycle - More

  6. Augmented Reality for Later Playback of Videos Project Proposal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miles, Will

    1 Augmented Reality for Later Playback of Videos Project Proposal Jordan Stratton a video they have taken in order to easily find information about places they have been. We propose a method of allowing the user to take a video and choose whether or not to have augmented reality on while

  7. Better Buildings Network View | March 2015 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Better Buildings Network View | March 2015 Better Buildings Network View | March 2015 The Better Buildings Network View monthly newsletter from the U.S. Department of Energy's...

  8. The Better Buildings Neighborhood View -- December 2013 | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    The Better Buildings Neighborhood View -- December 2013 The Better Buildings Neighborhood View -- December 2013 The Better Buildings Neighborhood View monthly newsletter from the...

  9. Better Buildings Network View | November 2014 | Department of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    November 2014 More Documents & Publications Better Buildings Network View | July-August 2014 Better Buildings Network View | December 2014 Better Buildings Network View | January...

  10. The Better Buildings Neighborhood View - August 2012 | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    The Better Buildings Neighborhood View - August 2012 The Better Buildings Neighborhood View - August 2012 The Better Buildings Neighborhood View monthly newsletter from the U.S....

  11. Cosmology: a bird's eye view

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alan A. Coley; Sigbjorn Hervik; Woei Chet Lim

    2006-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this essay we discuss the difference in views of the Universe as seen by two different observers. While one of the observers follows a geodesic congruence defined by the geometry of the cosmological model, the other observer follows the fluid flow lines of a perfect fluid with a linear equation of state. We point out that the information these observers collect regarding the state of the Universe can be radically different; while one observes a non-inflating ever-expanding ever-lasting universe, the other observer can experience a dynamical behaviour reminiscent to that of quintessence or even that of a phantom cosmology leading to a 'big rip' singularity within finite time (but without the need for exotic forms of matter).

  12. Contour integration and segmentation with self-organized lateral connections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Contour integration in low-level vision is believed to occur based on lateral interaction between neurons with similar orientation tuning. How such interactions could arise in the brain has been an open question. Our model suggests that the interactions can be learned through input-driven self-organization, i.e. through the same mechanism that underlies many other developmental and functional phenomena in the visual cortex. The model also shows how synchronized firing mediated by these lateral connections can represent the percept of a contour, resulting in performance similar to that of human contour integration. The model further demonstrates that contour integration performance can differ in different parts of the visual field, depending on what kinds of input distributions they receive during development. The model thus grounds an important perceptual phenomenon onto detailed neural mechanisms, so that various structural and functional properties can be measured, and predictions can be made to guide future experiments. 1

  13. Better Buildings Network View | May 2014 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    May 2014 More Documents & Publications Better Buildings Network View | July-August 2014 Better Buildings Network View | June...

  14. Centrifuge modelling of lateral pipeline/soil interaction -- Phase 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paulin, M.J.; Phillips, R. [Memorial Univ. of Newfoundland, St. John`s, Newfoundland (Canada). Centre for Cold Ocean Resources Engineering; Boivin, R. [NOVA Corp., Calgary, Alberta (Canada). NOVA Gas Transmission Limited Division

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    An ongoing research program is investigating the load transfer behavior of buried pipelines subjected to lateral soil movement in cohesive soil. Phase 1 of this study, reported to OMAE `92, demonstrated that the centrifuge technique was appropriate for this application in determining the interaction conditions for the lateral loading of pipelines. Limited control of the shear strength masked geometric effects (trench width and burial depth) on the interaction factors and desiccation affected the interpretation of some of the interaction factors. The Phase 2 study investigated the geometric effects of pipeline soil cover, ditch width and also displacement rate. The study included a ``modelling of models`` test to verify the reliability of the centrifuge modelling technique. This paper addresses two issues: (1) The Phase 1 soil strength profiles and interaction factors were reanalyzed based on an improved understanding of the soil conditions at the time of testing; (2) A selection of the Phase 2 results are presented for a 0.95m diameter pipeline subjected to lateral soil movement. The program results are discussed and compared with current pipeline/soil interaction analysis methods.

  15. MyRED Mobiles Student Views

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farritor, Shane

    tap on Shopping Cart, then select term. Tap on Class Search to find courses to place in your shoppingMyRED Mobiles Student Views Mar 2014 Page 1 Login/Sign-in Enter your MyRED /TrueYou credentials. Tap on any Term bar to view a schedule for the selected term. Home Screen/Main Menu Class Schedule

  16. Groundwater Modeling in ArcView: by integrating ArcView, MODFLOW and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sengupta, Raja

    Groundwater Modeling in ArcView: by integrating ArcView, MODFLOW and MODPATH Abstract Modeling. This paper addresses groundwater modeling which is one of the many entities in environmental modeling in ArcView 3.2a. The objective was to create an integrated system where a user could do groundwater

  17. Honors Enrichment Contracts Faculty View Page 1 Honors Enrichment Contracts Faculty View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Honors Enrichment Contracts ­ Faculty View Page 1 Honors Enrichment Contracts ­ Faculty View INITIAL APPROVAL #12;Honors Enrichment Contracts ­ Faculty View Page 2 Summary This document contains information about how to make initial and final decisions on Honors Enrichment Contracts submitted by honors

  18. Laterally confined THz sources and graphene based THz optics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Badhwar, Shruti

    2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Laterally confined THz Sources and Graphene based THz Optics Shruti Badhwar St John’s College Department of Physics, University of Cambridge A thesis submitted for the degree of Doctorate in Philosophy 31st May 2014 2 To the hands who nourished... . Without the generous support of graphene samples from Piran Kidambi and Dr. Stephan Hofmann, much of this work would not have been possible. I would iii also like to thank Reuben Puddy whose experience with graphene helped some of the ideas to kick...

  19. Novel morphologies for laterally decorated metaparticles: Molecular dynamics simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Y. Slyusarchuk; J. M. Ilnytskyi

    2015-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider a mesoscale model for nano-sized metaparticles (MPs) composed of a central sphere decorated by polymer chains with laterally attached spherocylinder. The latter mimics the mesogenic (e.g., cyanobiphenyl) group. Molecular dynamics simulations of $100$ MPs reveal the existence of two novel morphologies: $\\textrm{uCol}_\\mathrm{h}$ (hexagonal columnar arrangement of MPs with strong uniaxial order of mesogens collinear to the columns axis) and $\\mathrm{wCol}_\\mathrm{h}$ [the same arrangement of MPs but with weak or no liquid crystalline (LC) order]. Collinearity of the LC director and the columnar axis in $\\textrm{uCol}_\\mathrm{h}$ morphology indicates its potentially different opto-mechanical response to an external perturbation as compared to the columnar phase for the terminally attached mesogens. Preliminary analysis of the structures of both phases is performed by studying the order parameters and by visualisation of the MPs arrangements. Different mechanisms for the mesogens reorientation are pointed out for the cases of their terminal and lateral attachment.

  20. Influence of soil permeability on liquefaction-induced lateral pile response

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramirez, Jose Manuel

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Goh, S. H. (2003). "Pile response to lateral spreads:Goh, S. H. (2003). "Single piles in lateral spreads: FieldSpreading and its Effects on Pile Foundations, Ph.D. Thesis,

  1. Behavior of Pile Foundations in Laterally Spreading Ground during Centrifuge Tests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brandenberg, Scott J; Boulanger, R W; Kutter, Bruce L; Chang, Dongdong

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of lateral-load resistance of pile caps. ” J. Geotech.P. , and Chang, D. ?2003?. “Pile foundations in lique?ed andLoad transfer between pile groups and laterally spreading

  2. Static pushover analyses of pile groups in liquefied and laterally spreading ground in centrifuge tests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brandenberg, Scott J; Boulanger, R W; Kutter, Bruce L; Chang, Dongdong

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    S. J. ?2005?. “Behavior of pile foundations in lique?ed andChang, D. ?2005?. “Behavior of pile foundations in laterallyWinkler foundation analyses of pile foundations in laterally

  3. Blackout 2003: The August 14, 2003 Blackout One Year Later: Actions...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    The August 14, 2003 Blackout One Year Later: Actions Taken in the United States and Canada To Reduce Blackout Risk Blackout 2003: The August 14, 2003 Blackout One Year Later:...

  4. TriLateral Energy LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCalifornia Sector:Shreniksource History View New Pages Recent

  5. A view-sequential 3D display

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cossairt, Oliver S. (Oliver Strider), 1978-

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis outlines the various techniques for creating electronic 3D displays and analyzes their commercial potential. The thesis argues for the use of view-sequential techniques in the design of 3D displays based on ...

  6. California's Energy Future - The View to 2050

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    carbon capture and storage, especially as a technology thatCarbon capture and sequestration CCST California Council on Science and Technologytechnology California’s Energy Future - The View to 2050 becomes available. ? ? Fossil fuel with carbon capture

  7. The new option view of investment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dixit, Avinash K.

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper provides a simple introduction to the new option view of investment. We explain the shortcomings of the orthodox theory, and then outline the basic ideas behind the option framework. Several industry examples ...

  8. JOBAID-VIEWING AN EMPLOYEE MATRIX (SUPERVISOR)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The purpose of this job aid is to guide supervisor users through the step-by-step process of viewing an employee matrix within SuccessFactors Learning.

  9. Incorporating video into Google Mobile Street View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Christina (Christina E.)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mobile Street View is a compelling application but suffers from significant latency problems, especially in limited bandwidth circumstances. Currently, the application uses static images to display street level information. ...

  10. Large Spin Accumulation in a Permalloy-Silver Lateral Spin Valve T. Kimura and Y. Otani

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Otani, Yoshichika

    Large Spin Accumulation in a Permalloy-Silver Lateral Spin Valve T. Kimura and Y. Otani Institute accumulation due to the electrical spin injection has been observed in Permalloy-silver lateral spin-valve structures. The observed resistance change is the largest among the reported metallic lateral spin valves

  11. Spin-current-induced dynamics in ferromagnetic nanopillars of lateral spin-valve structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Otani, Yoshichika

    Spin-current-induced dynamics in ferromagnetic nanopillars of lateral spin-valve structures J 4 February 2009 Under electrical injection, spin accumulation occurs in lateral spin valves in a lateral spin valve while simultaneously sweeping an external magnetic field. We observe changes

  12. Lateral-Torsional Buckling of Steel I-Beams Under Fire Conditions Researcher: Ronisi Cazeli

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birmingham, University of

    Lateral-Torsional Buckling of Steel I-Beams Under Fire Conditions Researcher: Ronisi Cazeli understanding of the phenomenon of lateral-torsional buckling of steel I-beams at elevated temperature. A model for the fire resistance of lateral-torsional buckling of steel I- beams, based on numerical analyses

  13. Jefferson and Hamilton as viewed by historians

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jungmeyer, Paul Edward

    1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    JEFFERSON AND HAMILTON AS VIEHED BY HISTORIANS A Thesis Paul Edward Jungmeyer Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in ' partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS August, 1970 Major Subject...: History JEFFERSON AND HAMILTON AS VIEWED BY HISTORIANS A Thesis by Paul Edward Jungmeyer Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee d i~) (Member) (M er) August, 1970 ABSTRACT JEFFERSON AND HAMILTON AS VIEWED BY HISTORIANS...

  14. Method for loading explosive laterally from a borehole

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ricketts, Thomas E. (Grand Junction, CO)

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There is provided a method for forming an in situ oil shale retort in a subterranean formation containing oil shale. At least one void is excavated in the formation, leaving zones of unfragmented formation adjacent the void. An array of main blastholes is formed in the zone of unfragmented formation and at least one explosive charge which is shaped for forming a high velocity gas jet is placed into a main blasthole with the axis of the gas jet extending transverse to the blasthole. The shaped charge is detonated for forming an auxiliary blasthole in the unfragmented formation adjacent a side wall of the main blasthole. The auxiliary blasthole extends laterally away from the main blasthole. Explosive is placed into the main blasthole and into the auxiliary blasthole and is detonated for explosively expanding formation towards the free face for forming a fragmented permeable mass of formation particles in the in situ oil shale retort.

  15. axial view inductively: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    View of Induction Reasoning for First-Order Logic Physics Websites Summary: , The Alan Turing Centenary Conference (2012)" 12;A Unified View of Induction Reasoning for First in...

  16. Residential Windows and Window Coverings: A Detailed View of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Residential Windows and Window Coverings: A Detailed View of the Installed Base and User Behavior Residential Windows and Window Coverings: A Detailed View of the Installed Base...

  17. Better Buildings Network View | April 2014 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    April 2014 More Documents & Publications Better Buildings Network View | December 2014 Better Buildings Residential Network Orientation Better Buildings Network View | November...

  18. Better Buildings Network View | February 2014 | Department of...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    February 2014 Better Buildings Network View | February 2014 The Better Buildings Network View monthly newsletter from the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings Residential...

  19. Better Buildings Network View | January 2015 | Department of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    5 More Documents & Publications Better Buildings Network View | December 2014 Better Buildings Network View | November 2014 Better Buildings Residential Network Orientation...

  20. Better Buildings Network View | June 2014 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    June 2014 Better Buildings Network View | June 2014 The Better Buildings Network View monthly newsletter from the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings Residential Network....

  1. Better Buildings Network View | March 2014 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    March 2014 Better Buildings Network View | March 2014 The Better Buildings Network View monthly newsletter from the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings Residential...

  2. Better Buildings Network View | December 2014 | Department of...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    December 2014 Better Buildings Network View | December 2014 The Better Buildings Network View monthly newsletter from the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings Residential...

  3. Better Buildings Network View | January 2014 | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    4 Better Buildings Network View | January 2014 The Better Buildings Network View monthly newsletter from the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings Residential Network....

  4. Better Buildings Network View | October 2014 | Department of...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    October 2014 Better Buildings Network View | October 2014 The Better Buildings Network View monthly newsletter from the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings Residential...

  5. Better Buildings Network View | February 2015 | Department of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    5 More Documents & Publications Better Buildings Network View | November 2014 Better Buildings Network View | September 2014 Better Buildings Residential Network Case Study:...

  6. Measurements using tangentially viewing bolometers on TFTR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bush, C.E.; Schivell, J.; Budny, R.; Ellis R.A. III; Goldston, R.J.; McCune, D.; Medley, S.S.; Scott, S.D.; Towner, H.H.; Wieland, R.M.; and others

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Co- and counter-viewing bolometers aimed along a common tangency chord are being used to study power losses due to charge exchange (CX) of fast ions in neutral beam injection (NBI) heated TFTR plasmas. For unidirectional injection, tangential bolometers oriented to view CX loss of circulating fast ions detect losses from the thermal target plasma (impurity radiation and CX) plus power due to the fast ion CX loss, whereas bolometers oppositely directed measure only the target plasma contribution. The difference between the two signals is a measure of the fast ion CX loss. Additional information is obtained by comparing the tangential bolometer signals with those of perpendicularly viewing bolometer monitors and arrays. The measurements are compared to results of the TRANSP code analysis.

  7. Alternative energy estimation from the shower lateral distribution function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Souza, V; Brito, J; Dobrigkeit, C; Medina-Tanco, G; Souza, Vitor de; Escobar, Carlos O.; Brito, Joel; Dobrigkeit, Carola; Medina-Tanco, Gustavo

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The surface detector technique has been successfully used to detect cosmic ray showers for several decades. Scintillators or Cerenkov water tanks can be used to measure the number of particles and/or the energy density at a given depth in the atmosphere and reconstruct the primary particle properties. It has been shown that the experiment configuration and the resolution in reconstructing the core position determine a distance to the shower axis in which the lateral distribution function (LDF) of particles shows the least variation with respect to different primary particles type, simulation models and specific shapes of the LDF. Therefore, the signal at this distance (600 m for Haverah Park and 1000 m for Auger Observatory) has shown to be a good estimator of the shower energy. Revisiting the above technique, we show that a range of distances to the shower axis, instead of one single point, can be used as estimator of the shower energy. A comparison is done for the Auger Observatory configuration and the new...

  8. Lateral Distribution for Aligned Events in Muon Groups Deep Underground

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. L. Tsyabuk; R. A. Mukhamedshin; Yu. V. Stenkin

    2007-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper concerns the so-called aligned events observed in cosmic rays. The phenomenon of the alignment of the most energetic subcores of gamma-ray--hadron ($\\gamma-h$) families (particles of the highest energies in the central EAS core) was firstly found in the "Pamir" emulsion chamber experiment and related to a coplanar particle production at $E_0>10^{16}$ eV. Here a separation distribution (distances between pairs of muons) for aligned events has been analyzed throughout muon groups measured by Baksan Underground Scintillation Telescope (BUST) for threshold energies $0.85 \\div 3.2$ TeV during a period of 7.7 years. Only muon groups of multiplicity $m\\geq 4$ with inclined trajectories for an interval of zenith angles $50^\\circ - 60^\\circ$ were selected for the analysis. The analysis has revealed that the distribution complies with the exponential law. Meanwhile the distributions become steeper with the increase of threshold energy. There has been no difference between the lateral distribution of all the groups and the distribution of the aligned groups.

  9. Alternative energy estimation from the shower lateral distribution function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vitor de Souza; Carlos O. Escobar; Joel Brito; Carola Dobrigkeit; Gustavo Medina-Tanco

    2005-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The surface detector technique has been successfully used to detect cosmic ray showers for several decades. Scintillators or Cerenkov water tanks can be used to measure the number of particles and/or the energy density at a given depth in the atmosphere and reconstruct the primary particle properties. It has been shown that the experiment configuration and the resolution in reconstructing the core position determine a distance to the shower axis in which the lateral distribution function (LDF) of particles shows the least variation with respect to different primary particles type, simulation models and specific shapes of the LDF. Therefore, the signal at this distance (600 m for Haverah Park and 1000 m for Auger Observatory) has shown to be a good estimator of the shower energy. Revisiting the above technique, we show that a range of distances to the shower axis, instead of one single point, can be used as estimator of the shower energy. A comparison is done for the Auger Observatory configuration and the new estimator proposed here is shown to be a good and robust alternative to the standard single point procedure.

  10. Fractionation by shape in deterministic lateral displacement microfluidic devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Mingliang; Drazer, German

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the migration of particles of different geometrical shapes and sizes in a scaled-up model of a gravity-driven deterministic lateral displacement (g-DLD) device. Specifically, particles move through a square array of cylindrical posts as they settle under the action of gravity. We performed experiments that cover a broad range of orientations of the driving force (gravity) with respect to the columns (or rows) in the square array of posts. We observe that as the forcing angle increases particles initially locked to move parallel to the columns in the array begin to move across the columns of obstacles and migrate at angles different from zero. We measure the probability that a particle would move across a column of obstacles, and define the critical angle {\\theta}c as the forcing angle at which this probability is 1/2. We show that critical angle depends both on particle size and shape, thus enabling both size- and shape-based separations. Finally, we show that using the diameter of the inscribe...

  11. BLUE VIEW VISION INSIGHT! Good news--your vision plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    WELCOME TO BLUE VIEW VISION INSIGHT! Good news--your vision plan is flexible and easy to use, your discounts, and much more! Blue View Vision InsightSM University of California Student Health Insurance Plan (UC SHIP) 2013/14 Your Blue View Vision Insight Network Blue View Vision Insight offers you

  12. BLUE VIEW VISION INSIGHT! Good news--your vision plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrett, Jeffrey A.

    WELCOME TO BLUE VIEW VISION INSIGHT! Good news--your vision plan is flexible and easy to use, your discounts, and much more! Blue View Vision InsightSM University of California Student Health Insurance Plan (UC SHIP) 2012/13 Your Blue View Vision Insight Network Blue View Vision Insight offers you

  13. Polymer Filler Aging and Failure Studied by Lateral Force Microscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ratto, T; Saab, A P

    2009-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

    In the present work, we study, via force microscopy, the basic physical interactions of a single bead of silica filler with a PDMS matrix both before and after exposure to gamma radiation. Our goal was to confirm our results from last year, and to explore force microscopy as a means of obtaining particle-scale polymer/filler interactions suitable for use as empirical inputs to a computational model consisting of an ensemble of silica beads embedded in a PDMS matrix. Through careful calibration of a conventional atomic force microscope, we obtained both normal and lateral force data that was fitted to yield adhesion, surface shear modulus, and friction of a 1 {micro}m silica bead in contact with PDMS layers of various thickness. Comparison of these terms before and after gamma exposure indicated that initially, radiation exposure lead to softening of the PDMS, but eventually resulted in stiffening. Simultaneously, adhesion between the polymer and silica decreased. This could indicate a serious failure path for filled PDMS exposed to radiation, whereby stiffening of the bulk polymer leads to loss of compressive elastic behavior, while a decrease in polymer filler adhesion results in an increased likelihood of stress failure under load. In addition to further testing of radiation damaged polymers, we also performed FEA modeling of silica beads in a silicone matrix using the shear modulus and adhesion values isolated from the force microscopy experiments as model inputs. The resulting simulation indicated that as a polymer stiffens due to impinging radiation, it also undergoes weakening of adhesion to the filler. The implication is that radiation induces a compound failure mode in filled polymer systems.

  14. Project Title: Older People's View of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    /AGECONCERN/10/NP Age Concern Canterbury provides support for older people, many of whom face loneliness, lowProject Title: Older People's View of Community Support Bachelor of Arts Internship Company information, support and advocacy, to enable older people in Canterbury to have real choices". (http

  15. CITY OF MOUNTAIN VIEW April 12, 2011 .

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ordinance ordinance? Projected effective date: September 1, 2011 Green building or stand-alone energy Energy Ordinance in Combination with Green Building ordinance? Do minimum energy requirements increase No afterCITY OF MOUNTAIN VIEW April 12, 2011 . CaUfomia Energy Commission Attn: Joe Loyer 1516 Ninth

  16. Friction in full view A. P. Merklea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marks, Laurence D.

    Friction in full view A. P. Merklea and L. D. Marksb Materials Science and Engineering proposed friction mechanisms explaining the unique tribological properties of graphite. Wear of graphite chemical or struc- tural information from the interface during a friction experi- ment. Examples

  17. INVESTIGATION Retrospective View of North American Potato

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Douches, David S.

    INVESTIGATION Retrospective View of North American Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) Breeding in the 20, Madison, Wisconsin, 53706 ABSTRACT Cultivated potato (Solanum tuberosum L.), a vegetatively propagated explore the effects of potato breeding at the genome level, we used 8303 single-nucleotide polymorphism

  18. Nanowire-templated lateral epitaxial growth of non-polar group III nitrides

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wang, George T. (Albuquerque, NM); Li, Qiming (Albuquerque, NM); Creighton, J. Randall (Albuquerque, NM)

    2010-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for growing high quality, nonpolar Group III nitrides using lateral growth from Group III nitride nanowires. The method of nanowire-templated lateral epitaxial growth (NTLEG) employs crystallographically aligned, substantially vertical Group III nitride nanowire arrays grown by metal-catalyzed metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) as templates for the lateral growth and coalescence of virtually crack-free Group III nitride films. This method requires no patterning or separate nitride growth step.

  19. Influence of soil permeability on liquefaction-induced lateral pile response

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramirez, Jose Manuel

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to lateral spreads: Centrifuge modeling," Journal ofof liquefaction analyses by centrifuge studies, laboratoryV. and Liu, L. (1995). "Centrifuge modeling of liquefaction

  20. The effect of lateral septum CRF? receptor activation on anxiety is modulated by stress

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henry, Brook Lewis

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2 antisense oligonucleotides infused into rat brain. ” J2 antisense oligonucleotides infused into rat brain. ” Jagonist urocortin 2 was infused into the mouse lateral

  1. Lab 9 LabVIEW and GPIB LabVIEW (National Instruments)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glashausser, Charles

    Automatic data acquisition DAC 01010 Actuator, Heater... control Power amplifiers LabVIEW GPIB GPIB #12 Toolbar Retain Wire Values Button Step Function Buttons #12;Block Diagram Window Front Panel Window

  2. Lateral drilling and completion technologies for shallow-shelf carbonates of the Red River and Ratcliffe Formations, Williston Basin. Topical report, July 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carrell, L.A.; George, R.D.; Gibbons, D.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Luff Exploration Company (LEC) focused on involvement in technologies being developed utilizing horizontal drilling concepts to enhance oil-well productivity starting in 1992. Initial efforts were directed toward high-pressure lateral jetting techniques to be applied in existing vertical wells. After involvement in several failed field attempts with jetting technologies, emphasis shifted to application of emerging technologies for drilling short-radius lateral in existing wellbores and medium-radius technologies in new wells. These lateral drilling technologies were applied in the Mississippi Ratcliffe and Ordovician Red River formations at depths of 2,590 to 2,890 m in Richland County, MT; Bowman County, ND; and Harding County, SD. In theory, all of the horizontal drilling techniques explored in this project have merit for application fitting specific criteria. From a realistic point of view, the only relatively trouble-free, adequately-proven technology employed was the medium-radius steered motor/MWD technology. The slim-tool steered motor/MWD re-entry technology has been used extensively but appears to still be significantly in developmental stages. This technology will probably always be more troublesome than the technology used to drill new wells because the smaller diameter required for the tools contributes to both design and operational complexities. Although limited mechanical success has been achieved with some of the lateral jetting technologies and the Amoco tools, their predictability and reliability is unproven. Additionally, they appear to be limited to shallow depths and certain rock types. The Amoco technology probably has the most potential to be successfully developed for routinely reliable, field applications. A comparison of the various horizontal drilling technologies investigated is presented.

  3. Effect of collector lateral scaling on performance of high-speed SiGe HBTs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rieh, Jae-Sung

    Effect of collector lateral scaling on performance of high-speed SiGe HBTs with fT > 300 GHz J.-S. Rieh, M. Khater, A. Jeseph, G. Freeman and D. Ahlgren The effect of collector lateral scaling followed by a degradation with decreasing collector width. Possible causes behind the observed trend

  4. Evaluation of Lateral Behavior of Pile-Supported Bridges under Scour Conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Cheng

    2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    of laterally loaded piles by considering the stress history of the remaining soils and the scour-hole dimensions. Furthermore, a comprehensive study was conducted to evaluate the lateral behavior of an entire bridge under a scour condition by considering soil...

  5. Thermocapillary instabilities in a laterally heated liquid bridge with end wall rotation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Witkowski, Laurent Martin

    Thermocapillary instabilities in a laterally heated liquid bridge with end wall rotation L in a laterally heated liquid bridge is studied numerically using the full-zone model of the floating-zone crystal growth technique. A small Prandtl number (0.02) fluid, relevant for semiconductor melts, is studied

  6. Multivariable decoupled longitudinal and lateral vehicle control: A model-free design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multivariable decoupled longitudinal and lateral vehicle control: A model-free design Lghani model-free control is ap- plied to a multivariable decoupled longitudinal and lateral ve- hicle control and steering angle). It yields driving maneuvers requiring a control coordination of steering angle, braking

  7. Lateral Water Diffusion in an Artificial Macroporous System: Modeling and Experimental Evidence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohanty, Binayak P.

    Lateral Water Diffusion in an Artificial Macroporous System: Modeling and Experimental Evidence P systems, lateral mass exchange between macropores and the soil matrix is generally modeled as an apparent diffusion, the system is thus characterized by a single can be determined from moment analysis of the concen

  8. Spin-dependent boundary resistance in the lateral spin-valve structure T. Kimura,a)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Otani, Yoshichika

    Spin-dependent boundary resistance in the lateral spin-valve structure T. Kimura,a) J. Hamrle spin-valve signal without any spurious magnetoresistive signal in a lateral spin-valve structure consisting of Cu/Ni-Fe ohmic junction using local current injection. The obtained spin-valve signal is much

  9. Determination of magnetic vortex chirality using lateral spin-valve and Y. Otani

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Otani, Yoshichika

    Determination of magnetic vortex chirality using lateral spin-valve geometry T. Kimuraa and Y October 2005 We demonstrate the determination of the vortex chirality using a nonlocal spin-valve measurement technique in a lateral spin valve consisting of a Permalloy Py disk 1 m in diameter and a Py wire

  10. The effects of torsional-lateral coupling on the dynamics of a gear coupled rotor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emery, Michael Aaron

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    torsional stiffness for various several lateral stiffness values ........................................... 53 38. Change in mode shape as lateral support is stiffened from 100 lb/in to 6000 lb/in when Kt=100000 lb/rad... .......................................................................... 73 63. Torsional vibration in ? 1 direction of Gear 1 for 44-200 rad/s running speeds ................................................................................................................. 74 64. Gear 2 torsional vibration in ? 2...

  11. Lateral imaging of the superconducting vortex lattice using Doppler-modulated scanning tunneling microscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei, John Y.T.

    Lateral imaging of the superconducting vortex lattice using Doppler-modulated scanning tunneling on the quasiparticle tunneling spectrum, we have laterally imaged the vortex lattice in superconducting 2H-NbSe2 that circulates along the sample edge. Above the lower critical field, field can penetrate into the superconductor

  12. Testing upper motor neuron function in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: the most difficult

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooper, Robin L.

    Testing upper motor neuron function in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: the most difficult task of neurophysiology Clinical signs of upper motor neuron involvement are an essential observation to support the diagnosis of amyotrophic lateral scler- osis. However, clinical signs of upper motor neuron can be difficult

  13. Preprint 24th EU PVSEC, 2009, Hamburg FITTING OF LATERAL RESISTANCES IN SILICON SOLAR CELLS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Junk, Michael

    Preprint 24th EU PVSEC, 2009, Hamburg FITTING OF LATERAL RESISTANCES IN SILICON SOLAR CELLS cell from electroluminescence (EL) is introduced. A two-dimensional model of the solar cell screen printed monocrystalline silicon solar cell are shown and the influence of lateral diffusion

  14. Structure of lateral inhibition in an olfactory bulb Andrew Davison, Jianfeng Feng, and David Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, Jianfeng

    Structure of lateral inhibition in an olfactory bulb model Andrew Davison, Jianfeng Feng, and David Abstract. It has been shown that mutual lateral inhibition of the projection neurones in the olfactory bulb, mediated by interneurones, serves to tune the representation of odours in the bulb and reduce the overlap

  15. Solutions for nonlinear convection in the presence of a lateral boundary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skeldon, Anne C.

    Solutions for nonlinear convection in the presence of a lateral boundary P.G. Daniels, D. Ho & A into account the effect of a lateral boundary and without the need for extensive numerical calculations crystals, in crystal growth and in the buckling of plates (see, for example, [1]). A key issue

  16. Research paper Cisplatin-induced hair cell loss in zebrafish (Danio rerio) lateral line

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubel, Edwin

    Research paper Cisplatin-induced hair cell loss in zebrafish (Danio rerio) lateral line Henry C. Ou online 19 July 2007 Abstract We have used time-lapse imaging to study cisplatin-induced hair cell death in lateral line neuromasts of zebrafish larvae in vivo. We found that cisplatin-induced hair cell death

  17. Neomycin-Induced Hair Cell Death and Rapid Regeneration in the Lateral Line of Zebrafish

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubel, Edwin

    Neomycin-Induced Hair Cell Death and Rapid Regeneration in the Lateral Line of Zebrafish (Danio ABSTRACT Mechanoreceptive hair cells are extremely sensitive to aminoglycoside antibiotics, including neomycin. Hair cell survival was assessed in larval wild-type zebrafish lateral line neuromasts 4 h after

  18. View of software for HEP experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnstad, H.; Lebrun, P.; Lessner, E.S.; Montgomery, H.E.

    1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A view of the software structure typical of a High Energy Physics experiment is given and the availability of general software modules in most of the important regions is discussed. The aim is to provide a framework for discussion of capabilities and inadequecies and thereby define areas where effort should be assigned and perhaps also to serve as a useful source document for the newcomer to High Energy Physics. 74 refs.

  19. eSales Interactive Mapping -Viewing and Printing Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    eSales Interactive Mapping - Viewing and Printing Introduction Our eSales system includes an integrated interactive map facility. This allows you to view and print maps for all lots on offer. Various

  20. Cellulosic Biofuels: Expert Views on Prospects for Advancement: Supplementary Material

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Cellulosic Biofuels: Expert Views on Prospects for Advancement: Supplementary Material Erin Baker Keywords: Biofuels; Technology R&D; Uncertainty; Environmental policy 2 #12;1 Introduction This paper contains supplementary material for "Cellulosic Biofuels: Expert Views on Prospects for Advancement

  1. Better Buildings Network View | July-August 2014 | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    July-August 2014 Better Buildings Network View | July-August 2014 The Better Buildings Network View monthly newsletter from the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings...

  2. Alternative Views on Knowledge: Presentation of Open Learner Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bull, Susan

    a learner with a graphical view of their Bayesian learner model. STyLE-OLM [2] works with the learner

  3. The way things were in multivariate splines: A personal view

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liblit, Ben

    , there was related work (I learned much later) by Feodor Theil­ heimer of the David Taylor Model Basin, see [TS], and

  4. The way things were in multivariate splines: A personal view

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liblit, Ben

    , there was related work (I learned much later) by Feodor Theil- heimer of the David Taylor Model Basin, see [TS], and

  5. Loop Quantum Gravity: An Inside View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Thiemann

    2006-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This is a (relatively) non -- technical summary of the status of the quantum dynamics in Loop Quantum Gravity (LQG). We explain in detail the historical evolution of the subject and why the results obtained so far are non -- trivial. The present text can be viewed in part as a response to an article by Nicolai, Peeters and Zamaklar [hep-th/0501114]. We also explain why certain no go conclusions drawn from a mathematically correct calculation in a recent paper by Helling et al [hep-th/0409182] are physically incorrect.

  6. Better Buildings Network View, March 2015

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The FutureCommentsEnergy Christopher|for1, 20114, 2013Better NewsNetwork View

  7. TotalView | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron Spin Transition in2, 2003Tool ofTopo II:7.1 7.0 8.04.2 7.6 16.6TotalView

  8. Lake View Geothermal Facility | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii9969995°,ILEDSGP/joinHavasuPalmdaleLake View

  9. View from the Bridge | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your DensityEnergy U.S.-China Electric Vehicle and03/02Report | DepartmentTRUVictor Der About Us VictorView

  10. Physics of the Solar Cycle : New Views

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiremath, K M

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Two well known turbulent dynamo and MHD oscillation mechanisms are critically examined and fundamental difficulties are presented. Following new ideas on the genesis of the solar cycle and activity phenomena are presented. Inevitability of most likely existence of a combined steady poloidal and toroidal magnetic field structure in the solar interior. Owing to suitable steady poloidal field structure, Alfven wave perturbations of long periods (~ 22 yrs) that excite in the solar core travel first to the poles in both the hemispheres and later reach the equator. While traveling towards the surface, Alfven wave perturbations along the weak poloidal field structure in turn perturb the embedded strong toroidal field structure producing sunspots, especially in the convective envelope, that travel to the surface due to buoyancy along isorotational contours. With realistic density structure of the solar interior, computation of Alfven wave travel times along different field lines of the poloidal field structure (Hirem...

  11. Neuropsychologia xxx (2004) xxxxxx Segregation and persistence of form in the lateral occipital complex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vilis, Tutis

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Neuropsychologia xxx (2004) xxx­xxx Segregation and persistence of form in the lateral occipital.neuropsychologia.2004.06.020 #12;2 S. Ferber et al. / Neuropsychologia xxx (2004) xxx­xxx in this area regardless

  12. Lateral control of articulated vehicles for automated highway systems under uncertainty in vehicle parameters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daud, Omar

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Studied in this thesis is the formulation of lateral control algorithms for articulated vehicles performing a lane following maneuver on Automated Highway Systems (AHS). A steering control algorithm using the input/output linearization scheme...

  13. CFD study of hydrodynamic signal perception by fish using the lateral line system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rapo, Mark Andrew

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The lateral line system on fish has been found to aid in schooling behavior, courtship communication, active and passive hydrodynamic imaging, and prey detection. The most widely used artificial prey stimulus has been the ...

  14. Design, fabrication and testing of a lateral self-cleaning MEMS switch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shi, Yong, 1965-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A lateral contact MEMS switch has been developed to address the need for a long life cycle, low contact resistance RF switch. At the present time, there is no commercial MEMS switch that meets all the requirements. The ...

  15. Simulation and fabrication of GaN-based vertical and lateral normally-off power transistors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Yuhao, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is divided in two parts. First, self-consistent electro-thermal simulations have been performed for single finger and multi-finger GaN-based vertical and lateral power transistors and were validated with ...

  16. Characterization of FUS Mutations in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Using RNA-Seq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Blitterswijk, Marka

    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease resulting in severe muscle weakness and eventual death by respiratory failure. Although little is known about its pathogenesis, mutations in fused in ...

  17. Research paper Lateral line hair cell maturation is a determinant of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubel, Edwin

    Research paper Lateral line hair cell maturation is a determinant of aminoglycoside susceptibility online 3 February 2006 Abstract Developmental differences in hair cell susceptibility to aminoglycoside fluorescent vital dye markers to further investigate the determinants of aminoglycoside induced hair cell

  18. Mode stabilization mechanism of buried waveguide lasers with lateral diffused junctions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu, K.L.; Chen, T.R.; Koren, U.; Lau, K.Y.; Margalit, S.; Yariv, A.

    1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The mode stabilization behavior of the buried active waveguide with lateral diffused junction is theoretically investigated. The study shows that for an active waveguide of width around 5 ..mu..m with a lateral diffused junction in the middle, the single fundamental transverse mode is preferred as the injection level is raised. The theoretical results are found to be in good agreement with experimental results observed in the groove transverse junction InGaAsP/InP laser.

  19. Proposal and design of a new SiC-emitter lateral NPM Schottky collector bipolar transistor on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, M. Jagadesh

    Proposal and design of a new SiC-emitter lateral NPM Schottky collector bipolar transistor on SOI, a SiC emitter lateral NPM Schottky collector bipolar transistor (SCBT) with a silicon-on-insulator (SOI on simulation results, the authors demonstrate for the first time that the proposed SiC emitter lateral NPM

  20. September 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Biology And Medicine...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    September 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Biology And Medicine Science Subject Feed Drug Retention Times Center for Human Reliability Studies (2007) 29 > Oleoresin Capsicum...

  1. ALS Technique Gives Novel View of Lithium Battery Dendrite Growth

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS Technique Gives Novel View of Lithium Battery Dendrite Growth Print Lithium-ion batteries, popular in today's electronic devices and electric vehicles, could gain significant...

  2. March 2014 Most Viewed Documents for Biology And Medicine | OSTI...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    March 2014 Most Viewed Documents for Biology And Medicine Science Subject Feed Carbon Dioxide Sequestering Using Microalgal Systems Daniel J. Stepan; Richard E. Shockey; Thomas A....

  3. January 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Power Generation And Distributi...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    January 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Power Generation And Distribution Lessons from Large-Scale Renewable Energy Integration Studies: Preprint Bird, L.; Milligan, M. Small punch...

  4. Newbie question: How to view commercial/residential load profile...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Newbie question: How to view commercialresidential load profile datasets? Home > Groups > Buildings I have downloaded SAM (20112414) and cannot access open the .tar files. Help...

  5. New ALS Technique Gives Nanoscale Views of Complex Systems

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nanoscale Views of Complex Systems Print Studying and identifying molecules at the mesoscale has always been challenging-even the best microscopes and spectrometers have...

  6. Better Buildings Network View | September 2014 | Department of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Financing Program: On-Bill Financing Brings Lenders and Homeowners On Board Better Buildings Network View | December 2014 On-Bill Financing for Energy Efficiency Improvements...

  7. March 2015 Most Viewed Documents for Biology And Medicine | OSTI...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    March 2015 Most Viewed Documents for Biology And Medicine Measuring dopamine release in the human brain with PET Volkow, N.D. Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United...

  8. The Better Buildings Neighborhood View - July 2013 | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Better Buildings Neighborhood View - October 2012 Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Home Accomplishments History Better Buildings Partners Stories Interviews Videos Contact Us...

  9. Performance viewing and editing in ASSESS Outsider

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Snell, M.K. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (US); Key, B.; Bingham, B. [Science and Engineering Associates, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (US)

    1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Analytic System and Software for Evaluation of Safeguards and Security (ASSESS) Facility module records site information in the path elements and areas of an Adversary Sequence Diagram. The ASSESS Outsider evaluation module takes this information and first calculates performance values describing how much detection and delay is assigned at each path element and then uses the performance values to determine most-vulnerable paths. This paper discusses new Outsider capabilities that allow the user to view how elements are being defeated and to modify some of these values in Outsider. Outsider now displays how different path element segments are defeated and contrasts the probability of detection for alternate methods of defeating a door (e.g., the lock or the door face itself). The user can also override element segment delays and detection probabilities directly during analysis in Outsider. These capabilities allow users to compare element performance and to verify correct path element performance for all elements, not just those on the most-vulnerable path as is the case currently. Improvements or reductions in protection can be easily checked without creating a set of new facility files to accomplish it.

  10. A HYPERSPECTRAL VIEW OF THE CRAB NEBULA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Charlebois, M.; Drissen, L.; Bernier, A.-P. [Departement de Physique, de Genie Physique et d'Optique, Universite Laval, Quebec, Quebec G1V 0A6 (Canada); Grandmont, F. [ABB Bomem Inc., 585 boulevard Charest est, Suite 300, Quebec, Quebec G1K 9H4 (Canada); Binette, L., E-mail: maxime.charlebois.1@ulaval.c, E-mail: ldrissen@phy.ulaval.c, E-mail: anne-pier.bernier.1@ulaval.c [Instituto de AstronomIa, UNAM, Ap.70-264, 04510 Mexico, DF (Mexico)

    2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We have obtained spatially resolved spectra of the Crab nebula in the spectral ranges 450-520 nm and 650-680 nm, encompassing the H{beta}, [O III] {lambda}4959, {lambda}5007, H{alpha}, [N II] {lambda}6548, {lambda}6584, and [S II] {lambda}6717, {lambda}6731 emission lines, with the imaging Fourier transform spectrometer SpIOMM at the Observatoire du Mont-Megantic's 1.6 m telescope. We first compare our data with published observations obtained either from a Fabry-Perot interferometer or from a long-slit spectrograph. Using a spectral deconvolution technique similar to the one developed by Cadez et al., we identify and resolve multiple emission lines separated by large Doppler shifts and contained within the rapidly expanding filamentary structure of the Crab. This allows us to measure important line ratios, such as [N II]/H{alpha}, [S II]/H{alpha}, and [S II] {lambda}6717 /[S II] {lambda}6731 of individual filaments, providing a new insight on the SE-NW asymmetry in the Crab. From our analysis of the spatial distribution of the electronic density and of the respective shocked versus photoionized gas components, we deduce that the skin-less NW region must have evolved faster than the rest of the nebula. Assuming a very simple expansion model for the ejecta material, our data provide us with a complete tridimensional view of the Crab.

  11. Power law scaling of lateral deformations with universal Poissons index for randomly folded thin sheets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander S. Balankin; Didier Samayoa Ochoa; Ernesto Pineda Leon; Rolando Cortes Montes de Oca; Antonio Horta Rangel; Miguel Angel Martinez Cruz

    2008-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the lateral deformations of randomly folded elastoplastic and predominantly plastic thin sheets under the uniaxial and radial compressions. We found that the lateral deformations of cylinders folded from elastoplastic sheets of paper obey a power law behavior with the universal Poissons index nu = 0.17 pm 0.01, which does not depend neither the paper kind and sheet sizes, nor the folding confinement ratio. In contrast to this, the lateral deformations of randomly folded predominantly plastic aluminum foils display the linear dependence on the axial compression with the universal Poissons ratio nu_e = 0.33 pm 0.01. This difference is consistent with the difference in fractal topology of randomly folded elastoplastic and predominantly plastic sheets, which is found to belong to different universality classes. The general form of constitutive stress-deformation relations for randomly folded elastoplastic sheets is suggested.

  12. Flexural support member having a high ratio of lateral-to-axial stiffness

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Haas, W.M.B.

    1983-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    A convoluted flexible support structure is provided which is capable of supplying a lateral to axial spring rate in excess of 1000 to 1. A support member in the form of a steel disc having a specified number of rather large radius, concentric convolutions and a thickness in the range of from about 0.01 to 0.02 inch has an axial stiffness of about 50 pounds/inch while the lateral stiffness is about 100,000 pounds/inch. The support member may be used to support a vibration device where the lateral motion of the vibrator must be highly restricted while providing relatively free axial displacement of about +-0.25 inch.

  13. Strain-mediated lateral SiGe island motion in single and stacked layers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stoffel, M.; Rastelli, A.; Kiravittaya, S.; Schmidt, O.G. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Festkoerperforschung, Heisenbergstrasse 1, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany)

    2005-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the lateral motion of SiGe islands on Si(001) substrates in single and twofold stacked layers by using a combination of wet chemical etching and atomic force microscopy. A careful analysis of the footprints left over by the etched islands reveals that islands tend to repel each other, providing evidence that the lateral motion is triggered by the elastic strain repulsion between neighboring islands. This interpretation is further supported by finite element calculations. In closely stacked layers, the lateral island motion can be reduced and even suppressed. The SiGe islands in the upper layer are found to be Si richer compared with the islands in the first layer. Nevertheless, our results strongly suggest that the elastic interaction between vertically aligned islands is mainly responsible for the reduced island motion in the upper layer.

  14. The center of lateral iso-density contours for inclined cosmic air showers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montanus, J M C

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The lateral density of a cosmic air shower with a non-zero zenith angle is azimuthally asymmetric. The azimuthal asymmetry consist of a stretching of the iso-density contours to ellipses and to a shift of the center of the elliptic contours with respect to the core of the shower. The aim of the paper is to investigate the shift of the center of the elliptic iso-density contours for different zenith angles . On the basis of a model a qualitative equation is derived for the iso-density contours of inclined showers including the shift. to obtain a quantitative equation MC densities are investigated. The shift can be incorporated in an analytic expression of the azimuthal asymmetry of the lateral density as a function of the polar coordinates and parameterized by the zenith angle. Its predictions for asymmetric lateral densities are compared with densities obtained with MC simulations.

  15. www.afm-journal.de www.MaterialsViews.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adeyeye, Adekunle

    . Adeyeye* 1. Introduction Artificial ferromagnetic nanostructures with periodic lateral contrast at varied deposition angles and sub- sequent lift-off process. For a controlled experiment, Ni80Fe20

  16. Thermal imaging measurement of lateral diffusivity and non-invasive material defect detection

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sun, Jiangang (Westmont, IL); Deemer, Chris (Downers Grove, IL)

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A system and method for determining lateral thermal diffusivity of a material sample using a heat pulse; a sample oriented within an orthogonal coordinate system; an infrared camera; and a computer that has a digital frame grabber, and data acquisition and processing software. The mathematical model used within the data processing software is capable of determining the lateral thermal diffusivity of a sample of finite boundaries. The system and method may also be used as a nondestructive method for detecting and locating cracks within the material sample.

  17. Three Views of a Secret in Relativistic Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tadas K. Nakamura

    2008-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    It has been shown three different views in relativistic thermodynamics can be derived from the basic formulation proposed by van Kampen and Israel. The way to decompose energy-momentum into the reversible and irreversible parts is not uniquely determined, and different choices result in different views. The effect of difference in the definition of a finite volume is also considered.

  18. O'Leary outlines policy views at confirmation hearing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simpson, J.

    1993-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In her confirmation hearing, Secretary O'Leary outlined her views on various controversial issues. Among these were management of Yucca Mountain and the search for a nuclear waste repository, research on alternative fuels, encouragement of the use of renewable energy sources, and her views on intergrated resource planning.

  19. Updatable Process Views for Adapting Large Process Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulm, Universität

    Updatable Process Views for Adapting Large Process Models: The proView Demonstrator Jens Kolb. The increasing adoption of process-aware information sys- tems (PAISs) has resulted in large process model collections. To support users having different perspectives on these processes and related data, a PAIS should

  20. published in 1984 in West Germany and later released in a bilingual Ger-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berry, R. Stephen

    published in 1984 in West Germany and later released in a bilingual Ger- man-English edition- grated to West Germany. In her next novel, Reisende auf einem Bein (1989; Traveling on One Leg, 1998 in Romania by starting a new life as an émigré in Germany. In her next novel, Heute wär ich mir lieber nicht

  1. Role of SDF1 chemokine in the development of lateral line efferent and facial motor neurons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montpellier II, Université

    Role of SDF1 chemokine in the development of lateral line efferent and facial motor neurons Dora on the SDF1 chemokine. We show that the migration of motor neurons of the facial nucleus from rhombomere 4 to 6 is also affected in sdf1a morphants (embryos injected with morpholine- conjugated antisense

  2. Realizing high-voltage thin film lateral bipolar transistors on SOI with a collector-tub

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, M. Jagadesh

    Realizing high-voltage thin film lateral bipolar transistors on SOI with a collector-tub Sukhendu-dimensional device simulation to examine the effect of a collector tub on the collector breakdown of the SOI based BJTs. This method involves creating a collector tub by etching the buried oxide followed by an n

  3. Lateral Load Path Analysis FRA Concrete Tie and Fastener BAA Industry Partners Meeting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkan, Christopher P.L.

    concrete crossties are in use on North American heavy haul freight railroads · Industry trends: ­ ManyLateral Load Path Analysis FRA Concrete Tie and Fastener BAA ­ Industry Partners Meeting Incline Standards Current Industry Practices AREMA Chapter 30 Finite Element Model Laboratory Experimentation Field

  4. Cyclic Testing of Braces Laterally Restrained by Steel Studs Oguz C. Celik1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruneau, Michel

    of concentrically braced frames with and without cold formed steel stud CFSS infills designed to laterally restrain subject headings: Cyclic tests; Bracing; Studs; Steel frames; Seismic response; Energy dissipation; Cold demonstrated that pipe braces with lower effective slenderness KL/r and diameter- to-wall thickness D/t ratios

  5. Thermal imaging measurement of lateral thermal diffusivity in continuous fiber ceramic composites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sun, J. G.; Deemer, C.; Ellingson, W. A.

    2000-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Infrared thermal imaging has become a common technique for nondestructive evaluation and measurement of thermal properties in ceramic specimens. Flash thermal imaging can be used to determine two-dimensional through-thickness thermal diffusivity in a planar specimen. In this study, the authors extended the method to determine lateral, or transverse, thermal diffusivity in the specimen. During the flash thermal imaging test, pulsed heat energy is applied to a specimen's back surface, which is partially shielded, and the change of temperature distribution on the front surface is monitored by an infrared thermal imaging system. The temperature distribution represents the effect of both the normal heat transfer through the specimen's thickness and the lateral heat transfer through the interface between the shielded and unshielded back-surface regions. Those temperature distributions are then fitted with a theoretical solution of the heat transfer process to determine the lateral thermal diffusivity at the interface. This technique has been applied to measure lateral thermal diffusivity in a steel plate and a continuous fiber ceramic composite specimen.

  6. Calibration of the torsional spring constant and the lateral photodiode response of frictional force microscopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Attard, Phil

    Calibration of the torsional spring constant and the lateral photodiode response of frictional simultaneously calibrates the photodiode response to the angular deflection of the cantilever. It does not rely and with an independent measurement of the angle calibration. This nondestructive calibration may be performed with any

  7. Immersion and Invariance Control for Lateral Dynamics of Autonomous Vehicles, with Experimental Validation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ) the vehicle control that consists to handle the vehicle using actuators like brake, accelerator and steering research field that has been studied since the 1950s Lateral control consists on automatically steering is the chattering. On the other hand, Model Predictive Control (MPC) appears to be well suited to the trajectory

  8. Study of the tear topography dynamics using a lateral shearing interferometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dainty, Chris

    Study of the tear topography dynamics using a lateral shearing interferometer Alfredo Dubra topography/index.htm Abstract: The dynamics of the pre-corneal tear film topography are studied on 21 data the tear surface is continuous and smooth. Eye movement is identified as a major problem

  9. Electrochemical Nanoscale Templating: Laterally Self-Aligned Growth of Organic-Metal Nanostructures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borguet, Eric

    attractive for a wide range of applications such as the fabrication of nanoscale devices, energy storage of nanostructures into 2D or 3D arrays is necessary for the further hierarchical development of devices. TemplatingElectrochemical Nanoscale Templating: Laterally Self-Aligned Growth of Organic-Metal Nanostructures

  10. Lateral coherence properties of broad-area semiconductor quantum-well lasers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Larsson, A.; Salzman, J.; Mittelstein, M.; Yariv, A.

    1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The lateral coherence of broad-area lasers fabricated form a GaAs/GaAlAs graded index waveguide separate confinement and single quantum-well heterostructure grown by molecular beam epitaxy was investigated. These lasers exhibit a high degree of coherence along the junction plane, thus producing a stable and very narrow far-field intensity distribution.

  11. Lateral coherence properties of broad-area semiconductor quantum well lasers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Larsson, A.; Salzman, J.; Mittelstein, M.; Yariv, A.

    1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The lateral coherence of broad-area lasers fabricated from a GaAs/GaAlAs graded index waveguide separate confinement and single quantum well heterostructure grown by molecular-beam epitaxy was investigated. These lasers exhibit a high degree of coherence along the junction plane, thus producing a stable and very narrow far field intensity distribution.

  12. Thompson's early work was performed at the North American Science Center (later acquired by Rockwell International),

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Zhiqun

    #12;Thompson's early work was performed at the North American Science Center (later acquired/University Cooperative Research Program. Thompson joined Iowa State's Department of Materials Science and Engineering in 1986. Thompson was named CNDE director in 1997. During his tenure, the CNDE has continued

  13. MECHANICS AND MODELING OF FLOW, SEDIMENT TRANSPORT AND MORPHOLOGIC CHANGE IN RIVERINE LATERAL SEPARATION ZONES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    factors that control the morphology of the reach. INTRODUCTION Lateral separation zones or eddies below channel constrictions store sediment in the form of sand bars in the Grand Canyon (Figure 1). Backwaters for several endangered fish species and subaerially exposed portions of the sand bars provide surfaces

  14. Astronomy & Astrophysics manuscript no. Energies December 27, 2004 (DOI: will be inserted by hand later)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    later) Thermal and non­thermal energies of solar flares P. Saint­Hilaire 1,2 and A.O. Benz 1 1 Institute energy of the non­thermal electrons in 14 hard X­ray peaks from 9 medium­sized solar flares have been, Switzerland Received ... / Accepted ... Abstract. The energy of the thermal flare plasma and the kinetic

  15. Helminths in the hygiene hypothesis: sooner or later? OTHER ARTICLES PUBLISHED IN THIS REVIEW SERIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helminths in the hygiene hypothesis: sooner or later? OTHER ARTICLES PUBLISHED IN THIS REVIEW reactivity to alleviate allergic and autoim- mune pathologies [4­7]. The `hygiene hypothesis' takes a number with rodent malaria were protected from autoim- mune disease [9,10]. Subsequently, the hygiene hypothesis

  16. Asymmetric lateral distribution of melanoma and Merkel cell carcinoma in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nghiem, Paul

    Asymmetric lateral distribution of melanoma and Merkel cell carcinoma in the United States Kelly G incidences of two ultraviolet-linked skin cancers, malignant melanoma (MM) and Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC and MCC). In all, 53% of arm melanomas, 51% of facial melanomas, and 52% of leg melanomas presented

  17. Ratchet Effects Induced by Terahertz Radiation in Heterostructures with a Lateral Periodic Potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ganichev, Sergey

    Ratchet Effects Induced by Terahertz Radiation in Heterostructures with a Lateral Periodic of the Seebeck ratchet effect. The effect is measured in semiconductor heterostructures with a one ratchet effect, we observe a photon helicity dependent response and propose a microscopic mechanism

  18. DYNAMIC ANALYSIS OF HANFORD UNIRRADIATED FUEL PACKAGE SUBJECTED TO SEQUENTIAL LATERAL LOADS IN HYPOTHETICAL ACCIDENT CONDITIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, T

    2008-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Large fuel casks present challenges when evaluating their performance in the Hypothetical Accident Conditions (HAC) specified in the Code of Federal Regulations Title 10 part 71 (10CFR71). Testing is often limited by cost, difficulty in preparing test units and the limited availability of facilities which can carry out such tests. In the past, many casks were evaluated without testing by using simplified analytical methods. This paper presents a numerical technique for evaluating the dynamic responses of large fuel casks subjected to sequential HAC loading. A nonlinear dynamic analysis was performed for a Hanford Unirradiated Fuel Package (HUFP) [1] to evaluate the cumulative damage after the hypothetical accident Conditions of a 30-foot lateral drop followed by a 40-inch lateral puncture as specified in 10CFR71. The structural integrity of the containment vessel is justified based on the analytical results in comparison with the stress criteria, specified in the ASME Code, Section III, Appendix F [2], for Level D service loads. The analyzed cumulative damages caused by the sequential loading of a 30-foot lateral drop and a 40-inch lateral puncture are compared with the package test data. The analytical results are in good agreement with the test results.

  19. ECOLOGY, EVOLUTION AND ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2011 or later)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Wen

    ECOLOGY, EVOLUTION AND ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2011 or later course other than BIOL 54200 124 Total Credits BIOLOGY: 1. BIOL 12100 Biology I: Diversity, Ecology 28600 Intro. to Ecology and Evolution (2 cr.; spring) or BIOL 29500, Intro. to Evolution & Ecology (2 cr

  20. Fourier analyses of commensurability oscillations in Fibonacci lateral superlattices Akira Endo* and Yasuhiro Iye

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katsumoto, Shingo

    Fourier analyses of commensurability oscillations in Fibonacci lateral superlattices Akira Endo by performing a numerical Fourier band-pass filter. From the analysis of the amplitude of a single-component CO thus extracted, the magnitude of the corresponding Fourier component in the potential modulation can

  1. Mesoscale Self-Assembly of Hexagonal Plates Using Lateral Capillary Forces: Synthesis Using the "Capillary Bond"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prentiss, Mara

    Mesoscale Self-Assembly of Hexagonal Plates Using Lateral Capillary Forces: Synthesis Using examines self-assembly in a quasi-two-dimensional, mesoscale system. The system studied here involves-assembly from the molecular to the mesoscale, (ii) the demonstration of a system in which small objects can

  2. Estimation of vehicle lateral tire-road forces: a comparison between extended and unscented Kalman filtering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Estimation of vehicle lateral tire-road forces: a comparison between extended and unscented Kalman of accident data reveals that losing the vehicle control is responsible for a huge proportion of car accidents. Preventing such kind of accidents using vehicle control systems, requires certain input data concerning

  3. Harmonic Content of Strain-induced Potential Modulation in Unidirectional Lateral Superlattices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katsumoto, Shingo

    Harmonic Content of Strain-induced Potential Modulation in Unidirectional Lateral Superlattices from a ¼ 92 to 184 nm. Fourier analysis reveals the second (and the third) harmonics along of corresponding harmonics in the profile of the potential modulation. The harmonics manifest themselves in CO

  4. Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with lateral carrier confinement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coldren, Larry A.

    - mixing (QWI) process to achieve lateral carrier confinement. Using a sacrificial silicon-doped InGaPAs layer for aluminum-free regrowth. A 300 nm sacrificial InGaP layer was then grown for intermixing not created, the intermixing process was suppressed. After RTA, the SiO2 and InGaP layers were stripped off

  5. Mountain View Electric Association, Inc- Energy Efficiency Credit Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Mountain View Electric Association, Inc. (MVEA) and Tri-State Generation and Transmission Association Inc., MVEA’s power supplier, will pay credits to MVEA customers who install qualifying energy...

  6. DOE Zero Ready Home Case Study: Clifton View Homes, Kaltenbach...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    want to go anywhere else," said Clifton. Clifton, founder of Clifton View Homes, offers net zero energy homes and home designs. Clifton has been building high-performance homes...

  7. A Transformational View of Cartography W. R. Tobler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clarke, Keith

    A Transformational View of Cartography W. R. Tobler ABSTRACT. Cartographic transformations aliases are between points, lines, and areas. Substantive transformations occur in map interpolation transformational grammars, as originally devised for linguistics.2, 4 A similar, though less ambitious, attempt

  8. Sea Oil Field Satellite Monitoring: An Opera3onal View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuligowski, Bob

    through oil drilling. It is refined and separated, most easily by boiling In the oil industry, the term "North Sea" o`en includes areasSea Oil Field Satellite Monitoring: An Opera3onal View Maurizio

  9. How can I view submitted materials? | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    view submitted materials? Home > Groups > 2014 Geothermal Case Study Challenge Submitted by NickL on 6 May, 2014 - 07:41 1 answer Points: 0 For various reasons, you may want to...

  10. Plan-view Trajectory Estimation with Dense Stereo Background Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darrell, T.

    2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In a known environment, objects may be tracked in multiple views using a set of back-ground models. Stereo-based models can be illumination-invariant, but often have undefined values which inevitably lead to foreground ...

  11. NEWS & VIEWS synchrotron or helium-lamp studies. But

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    NEWS & VIEWS synchrotron or helium-lamp studies. But the low energy of the laser photons raises that of a conventional metal. The effects of projection have led to detailed quantitative insights into the properties

  12. axis view techniques: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    8 An Asymmetric, Energetic Type Ic Supernova Viewed Off-Axis, and a Link to Gamma-Ray Bursts Astrophysics (arXiv) Summary: Type Ic supernovae, the explosions following the...

  13. ViewDependent Refinement of Progressive Meshes Hugues Hoppe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    to these criteria. The algorithm exploits view coherence, supports frame rate regulation, and is found to require not contribute to the image (Figure 12a). While these faces are typically culled early in the rendering pipeline

  14. View-Dependent Refinement of Progressive Meshes Hugues Hoppe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Michael

    to these criteria. The algorithm exploits view coherence, supports frame rate regulation, and is found to require in the rendering pipeline, this processing incurs a cost. Similarly, it is often unnecessary to render faces

  15. June 2014 Most Viewed Documents for Fission And Nuclear Technologies...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Viewed Documents for Fission And Nuclear Technologies Behavior of spent nuclear fuel in water pool storage Johnson, A.B. Jr. (1977) 78 Estimation of gas leak rates through very...

  16. Challenges in Applying Formal Methods An SME View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southampton, University of

    Challenges in Applying Formal Methods An SME View Mathieu Clabaut Systerel, Aix-en-Provence, France classical B and event B to design safety related systems in an SME. 1 Activities Systerel is an SME doing

  17. A Narrower Spectrum for a Wider View of Matter

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Wider View of Matter July 9, 2014 Bookmark and Share Ultra-high-resolution dispersive optics of the new inelastic x-ray scattering (IXS) spectrometer (top) and IXS spectrum of...

  18. A Unified View on Speeded Categorization Hongbin Gu 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ji, Chuanshu

    A Unified View on Speeded Categorization Hongbin Gu 1 Chuanshu Ji 2 1 Introduction The research of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA; hongbin

  19. Development of AeroView: an interactive flow diagnostics laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galls, Samuel Fernando

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This research includes the development of a set of experimental flow-diagnostics techniques for low speed aerodynamics applications and an interactive software for flow field data acquisition and presentation called AeroView. The data collection...

  20. Host nutrition and infectious disease: an ecological view

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Val H.; Jones II, Tyrees P.; Smith, Marilyn S.

    2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nutrition is typically discussed in terms of maintaining a proper diet and avoiding nutrient deficiency diseases. However, nutrition can also be viewed from an ecological standpoint: mammalian hosts and their pathogens ...

  1. Laterally Interconnected Self-Organizing Maps in Hand-Written Digit Recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An application of laterally interconnected self-organizing maps (LISSOM) to handwritten digit recognition is presented. The lateral connections learn the correlations of activity between units on the map. The resulting excitatory connections focus the activity into local patches and the inhibitory connections decorrelate redundant activity on the map. The map thus forms internal representations that are easy to recognize with e.g. a perceptron network. The recognition rate on a subset of NIST database 3 is 4.0% higher with LISSOM than with a regular Self-Organizing Map (SOM) as the front end, and 15.8% higher than recognition of raw input bitmaps directly. These results form a promising starting point for building pattern recognition systems with a LISSOM map as a front end. 1 Introduction Hand-written digit recognition has become one of the touchstone problems in neural networks recently. Large databases of training examples such as the NIST (National Institute of Standards and Tech...

  2. Lateral forces on nanoparticles near a surface under circularly-polarized plane-wave illumination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodríguez-Fortuño, Francisco J; Engheta, Nader; Zayats, Anatoly V

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Optical forces allow manipulation of small particles and control of nanophotonic structures with light beams. Here, we describe a counter-intuitive lateral optical force acting on particles placed above a substrate, under uniform plane wave illumination without any field gradients. We show that under circularly-polarized illumination, nanoparticles experience a lateral force as a result of dipolar, spin-sensitive scattering, with a magnitude comparable to other optical forces. To this end, we rigorously calculate the force experienced by a circularly polarized dipole radiating above a surface. Unlike for linearly-polarized dipoles, force components parallel to the surface can exist, caused by the recoil of unidirectional guided modes excited at the surface and/or by dipole-dipole interactions with the induced image dipole. These results were presented and discussed in conferences [1] and [2].

  3. Lateral acoustic wave resonator comprising a suspended membrane of low damping resonator material

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Olsson, Roy H.; El-Kady; , Ihab F.; Ziaei-Moayyed, Maryam; Branch; , Darren W.; Su; Mehmet F.,; Reinke; Charles M.,

    2013-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

    A very high-Q, low insertion loss resonator can be achieved by storing many overtone cycles of a lateral acoustic wave (i.e., Lamb wave) in a lithographically defined suspended membrane comprising a low damping resonator material, such as silicon carbide. The high-Q resonator can sets up a Fabry-Perot cavity in a low-damping resonator material using high-reflectivity acoustic end mirrors, which can comprise phononic crystals. The lateral overtone acoustic wave resonator can be electrically transduced by piezoelectric couplers. The resonator Q can be increased without increasing the impedance or insertion loss by storing many cycles or wavelengths in the high-Q resonator material, with much lower damping than the piezoelectric transducer material.

  4. Lateral spin valves with two-different Heusler-alloy electrodes on the same platform

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oki, S.; Yamada, S.; Tanikawa, K.; Yamasaki, K.; Miyao, M.; Hamaya, K., E-mail: hamaya@ed.kyushu-u.ac.jp [Department of Electronics, Kyushu University, 744 Motooka, Fukuoka 819-0395 (Japan)

    2013-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Using room-temperature molecular beam epitaxy on Si(111), we demonstrate Heusler-alloy bilayers consisting of L2{sub 1}-Co{sub 2}FeSi (CFS) and D0{sub 3}-Fe{sub 3}Si (FS). By fabricating lateral spin valves with L2{sub 1}-CFS and D0{sub 3}-FS electrodes, we can see ideal spin signals even though we use one L2{sub 1}-CFS as a spin injector and another D0{sub 3}-FS as a spin detector. The difference in the spin absorption between L2{sub 1}-CFS and D0{sub 3}-FS can also be examined, and we find that the spin resistance of D0{sub 3}-FS is larger than that of L2{sub 1}-CFS. This work will be useful for understanding spin transport in lateral spin-valve devices with different Heusler-alloy electrodes.

  5. Parametrization for Cherenkov light lateral distribution function in Extensive Air Showers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. A. Al-Rubaiee; O. A. Gress; A. A. Kochanov; K. S. Lokhtin; Y. V. Parfenov; S. I Sinegovsky

    2011-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The simulation of the Cherenkov light lateral distribution function (LDF) in Extensive Air Showers (EAS) was perfomed with the CORSIKA code in the energy range 10^13-10^16 eV for configuration of the Tunka-25 EAS array. On the basis of this simulation we obtained sets of approximating functions for primary protons, iron nuclei and gamma-quanta for zenith angles Thetaprimary particle identification and definition of its energy around the "knee".

  6. Fundamental lateral mode oscillation via gain tailoring in broad area semiconductor lasers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lindsey, C.; Derry, P.; Yariv, A.

    1985-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that by employing gain tailoring in a broad area semiconductor laser we achieve fundamental lateral mode operation with a diffraction-limited single-lobed far-field pattern. We demonstrate a tailored gain broad area laser 60 ..mu..m wide which emits 450 mW per mirror into a stable, single-lobed far-field pattern 3 1/2/sup 0/ wide at 5.3 I/sub th/.

  7. Field measurements of lateral earth pressures on a pre-cast panel retaining wall

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prescott, David Monroe

    1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    t Member August 1973 ABSTRACT FIELD MEASUREMENTS OF LATERAL EARTH PRESSURES ON A PRE-CAST PANEL RETAINING WALL. (AUGUST 1973) David Monroe Prescott, B. S. , Texas A&M University; Directed by: Dr. Harry M. Coyle Terra Tec pneumatic earth pressure... Typical Calibration Curve for Terra Tec Cell 10 15 6 Typical Field Relationsihp Between Zero Gage Reading and Temperature-Pressure Cell 7 Measured Pressure Versus Time, Upper Row of Cells . . . . . . , , . . . . . . . . . . . 16 19 8 Measured...

  8. Effect of aerodynamic uncertainties on unconventional lateral control at high angle of attack

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eller, Bob Gensen

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EFFECT OF AERODYNAMIC UNCERTAINTIES ON UNCONVENTIONAL LATERAL CONTROL AT HIGH ANGLE OF ATTACK A Thesis by BOB GENSEN ELLER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1987 Major Subject: Aerospace Engineering EFFECT OF AERODYNAMIC UNCERTAINTIES ON UNCONVENTIONAL LATEHAI CONTROL AT HIGH ANGI. E (&F A'I'TACK A Thesis by BOB GENSEN ELLER Approved as to style and content by: Donald T...

  9. Enhanced breakdown voltage and reduced self-heating effects in thin-film lateral bipolar transistors: Design and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, M. Jagadesh

    Enhanced breakdown voltage and reduced self-heating effects in thin-film lateral bipolar breakdown and self-heating characteristics of a new collector-tub three-zone step doped thin-film lateral-doping; Collector-tub; Silicon-on-insulator; Self-heating 1. Introduction High voltage thin-film (

  10. A New SiGe Base Lateral PNM Schottky Collector Bipolar Transistor on SOI for Non-Saturating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, M. Jagadesh

    A New SiGe Base Lateral PNM Schottky Collector Bipolar Transistor on SOI for Non-Saturating VLSI Logic Design Abstract- A novel bipolar transistor structure, namely, SiGe base lateral PNM Schottky is presented. Based on our simulation results, we demonstrate for the first time that the proposed SiGe base

  11. Microbial co-habitation and lateral gene transfer: what transposases can tell us

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hooper, Sean D.; Mavromatis, Konstantinos; Kyrpides, Nikos C.

    2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Determining the habitat range for various microbes is not a simple, straightforward matter, as habitats interlace, microbes move between habitats, and microbial communities change over time. In this study, we explore an approach using the history of lateral gene transfer recorded in microbial genomes to begin to answer two key questions: where have you been and who have you been with? All currently sequenced microbial genomes were surveyed to identify pairs of taxa that share a transposase that is likely to have been acquired through lateral gene transfer. A microbial interaction network including almost 800 organisms was then derived from these connections. Although the majority of the connections are between closely related organisms with the same or overlapping habitat assignments, numerous examples were found of cross-habitat and cross-phylum connections. We present a large-scale study of the distributions of transposases across phylogeny and habitat, and find a significant correlation between habitat and transposase connections. We observed cases where phylogenetic boundaries are traversed, especially when organisms share habitats; this suggests that the potential exists for genetic material to move laterally between diverse groups via bridging connections. The results presented here also suggest that the complex dynamics of microbial ecology may be traceable in the microbial genomes.

  12. A calibration method for lateral forces for use with colloidal probe force microscopy cantilevers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quintanilla, M. A. S.; Goddard, D. T. [Nexia Solutions Ltd., Springfields, Salwick, Preston, Lancashire PR4 0XJ (United Kingdom)

    2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A calibration method is described for colloidal probe cantilevers that enables friction force measurements obtained using lateral force microscopy (LFM) to be quantified. The method is an adaptation of the lever method of Feiler et al. [A. Feiler, P. Attard, and I. Larson, Rev. Sci. Instum. 71, 2746 (2000)] and uses the advantageous positioning of probe particles that are usually offset from the central axis of the cantilever. The main sources of error in the calibration method are assessed, in particular, the potential misalignment of the long axis of the cantilever that ideally should be perpendicular to the photodiode detector. When this is not taken into account, the misalignment is shown to have a significant effect on the cantilever torsional stiffness but not on the lateral photodiode sensitivity. Also, because the friction signal is affected by the topography of the substrate, the method presented is valid only against flat substrates. Two types of particles, 20 {mu}m glass beads and UO{sub 3} agglomerates attached to silicon tapping mode cantilevers were used to test the method against substrates including glass, cleaved mica, and UO{sub 2} single crystals. Comparisons with the lateral compliance method of Cain et al. [R. G. Cain, S. Biggs, and N. W. Page, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 227, 55 (2000)] are also made.

  13. Topographic Receptive Fields and Patterned Lateral Interaction in a Self-Organizing Model of The Primary Visual Cortex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A self-organizing neural network model for the simultaneous and cooperative development of topographic receptive fields and lateral interactions in cortical maps is presented. Both afferent and lateral connections adapt by the same Hebbian mechanism in a purely local and unsupervised learning process. Afferent input weights of each neuron self-organize into hill-shaped profiles, receptive fields organize topographically across the network, and unique lateral interaction profiles develop for each neuron. The model demonstrates how patterned lateral connections develop based on correlated activity, and explains why lateral connection patterns closely follow receptive field properties such as ocular dominance. 1 Introduction The response properties of neurons in many sensory cortical areas are ordered topographically, that is, nearby neurons respond to nearby areas of the receptor surface. Such topographic maps form by the self-organization of afferent connections to the cortex, driven b...

  14. Biogas From Municipal WWTPs: Fuel Cells Viewed as a Value Proposition...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    From Municipal WWTPs: Fuel Cells Viewed as a Value Proposition Biogas From Municipal WWTPs: Fuel Cells Viewed as a Value Proposition Presentation about the value proposition for...

  15. Lateral Drilling and Completion Technologies for Shallow-Shelf Carbonates of the Red River and Ratcliffe Formations, Williston Basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David Gibbons; Larry A. Carrell; Richard D. George

    1997-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Luff Exploration Company (LEC) focused on involvement in technologies being developed utilizing horizontal drilling concepts to enhance oil- well productivity starting in 1992. Initial efforts were directed toward high-pressure lateral jetting techniques to be applied in existing vertical wells. After involvement in several failed field attempts with jetting technologies, emphasis shifted to application of emerging technologies for drilling short-radius laterals in existing wellbores and medium-radius technologies in new wells. These lateral drilling technologies were applied in the Mississippi Ratcliffe and Ordovician Red River formations at depths of 2590 to 2890 m (8500 to 9500 ft) in Richland Co., MT; Bowman Co., ND; and Harding Co., SD.

  16. Laterally self-ordered silicon-germanium islands with optimized confinement properties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zabel, Thomas; Sircar, Narayan [Walter Schottky Institut and Physik Department, Technische Universität München, Am Coulombwall 4, D-85748 Garching (Germany) [Walter Schottky Institut and Physik Department, Technische Universität München, Am Coulombwall 4, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Institut für Experimentelle und Angewandte Physik, Universität Regensburg, D-93040 Regensburg (Germany); Hauke, Norman; Kaniber, Michael; Finley, Jonathan J. [Walter Schottky Institut and Physik Department, Technische Universität München, Am Coulombwall 4, D-85748 Garching (Germany)] [Walter Schottky Institut and Physik Department, Technische Universität München, Am Coulombwall 4, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Zweck, Josef; Bougeard, Dominique [Institut für Experimentelle und Angewandte Physik, Universität Regensburg, D-93040 Regensburg (Germany)] [Institut für Experimentelle und Angewandte Physik, Universität Regensburg, D-93040 Regensburg (Germany); Döblinger, Markus [Department of Chemistry, Ludwig Maximilian Universität München, D-81377 Munich (Germany)] [Department of Chemistry, Ludwig Maximilian Universität München, D-81377 Munich (Germany); Abstreiter, Gerhard [Walter Schottky Institut and Physik Department, Technische Universität München, Am Coulombwall 4, D-85748 Garching (Germany) [Walter Schottky Institut and Physik Department, Technische Universität München, Am Coulombwall 4, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Institute for Advanced Study, Technische Universität München, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Arakawa, Yasuhiko [Institute for Advanced Study, Technische Universität München, D-85748 Garching (Germany) [Institute for Advanced Study, Technische Universität München, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Institute of Industrial Science, Institute for Nano Quantum Information Electronics, The University of Tokyo, 4-6-1 Komaba, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153-8505 (Japan)

    2013-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an analysis of the electronic confinement properties of self-assembled islands forming via silicon and germanium co-deposition in molecular beam epitaxy. This approach allows the fabrication of laterally self-ordered three dimensional islands in the Stranski-Krastanow growth mode. Using a systematic structural analysis, we derive a realistic fit-parameter free island model for band structure simulations. A comparison between these band structure simulations and photoluminescence spectroscopy shows that such islands have a significant three dimensional spatial electron-hole wave function overlap. In addition, we show that this spatial wave function overlap overcompensates a weak wave function spreading in k-space.

  17. Field tests and new design procedure for laterally loaded drilled shafts in clay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bierschwale, Mark W.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is reduced by the construct1on operation. 5. Failures of a drilled shaft can be expensive because a single shaft is usually designed to car ry a load of large magnitude. Behavior of Laterall Loaded Drilled Shafts The problem of a drilled shaft subjected... method based on elastic theory, for the solution of lateral load behavior of rigid shafts. The results of this study indicated that, for deflections up to 0. 5 in. (12. 7 mm) the finite-difference approach produced good agreement. However, for large...

  18. Estimation of Lateral Distribution Function in Extensive Air Showers by Using AIRES Simulation System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Ahmed Al-Rubaiee; Ahmed Jumaah

    2013-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work the estimation of the lateral distribution function in Extensive Air showers was performed by using a system for air shower simulations which is called AIRES version 2.6 for different hadronic models like (QGSJET99, SIBYLL and SIBYLL1.6). The simulation was fulfilled in the high energy range (10^15-10^19 eV) for different primary particles like (gamma, protons and iron nuclei) for vertical showers. This simulation can be used to reconstruct the type and energy of the particle that generated Extensive Air showers for charged particles that registered with different arrays.

  19. Pre-synaptic Lateral Inhibition Provides a Better Architecture for Self-Organising Neural Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Unsupervised learning is an important property of the brain and of many artificial neural networks. A large variety of unsupervised learning algorithms have been proposed. This paper takes a different approach in considering the architecture of the neural network rather than the learning algorithm. It is shown that a self-organising neural network architecture using pre-synaptic lateral inhibition enables a single learning algorithm to find distributed, local, and topological representations as appropriate to the structure of the input data received. It is argued that such an architecture not only has computational advantages but is a better model of cortical self-organisation.

  20. Coke battery with 51-m{sup 3} furnace chambers and lateral supply of mixed gas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    V.I. Rudyka; N.Y. Chebotarev; O.N. Surenskii; V.V. Derevich [Giprokoks, the State Institute for the Design of Coke-Industry Enterprises, Kharkov (Ukraine)

    2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The basic approaches employed in the construction of coke battery 11A at OAO Magnitogorskii Metallurgicheskii Kombinat are outlined. This battery includes 51.0-m{sup 3} furnaces and a dust-free coke-supply system designed by Giprokoks with lateral gas supply; it is heated exclusively by low-calorific mixed gas consisting of blast-furnace gas with added coke-oven gas. The 82 furnaces in the coke battery are divided into two blocks of 41. The gross coke output of the battery (6% moisture content) is 1140000 t/yr.

  1. Imaging of lateral spin valves with soft x-ray microscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mosendz, O.; Mihajlovic, G.; Pearson, J. E.; Fischer, P.; Im, M.-Y.; Bader, S. D.; Hoffmann, A.

    2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigated Co/Cu lateral spin valves by means of high-resolution transmission soft x-ray microscopy with magnetic contrast that utilizes x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD). No magnetic XMCD contrast was observed at the Cu L{sub 3} absorption edge, which should directly image the spin accumulation in Cu. Although electrical transport measurements in a non-local geometry clearly detected the spin accumulation in Cu, which remained unchanged during illumination with circular polarized x-rays at the Co and Cu L{sub 3} absorption edges.

  2. Imaging of lateral spin valves with soft x-ray microscopy.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mosendz, O.; Mihajlovic, G.; Pearson, J. E.; Fischer, P.; Im, M.-Y.; Bader, S. D.; Hoffmann, A.; LBNL

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigated Co/Cu lateral spin valves by means of high-resolution transmission soft x-ray microscopy with magnetic contrast that utilizes x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD). No magnetic XMCD contrast was observed at the Cu L{sub 3} absorption edge, which should directly image the spin accumulation in Cu, although electrical transport measurements in a nonlocal geometry clearly detected the spin accumulation in Cu, which remained unchanged during illumination with circular polarized x rays at the Co and Cu L{sub 3} absorption edges.

  3. Fundamental optical properties of InN grown by epitaxial lateral overgrowth method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kametani, Tatsuma; Kamimura, Jumpei; Inose, Yuta; Kunugita, Hideyuki; Kikuchi, Akihiko; Kishino, Katsumi; Ema, Kazuhiro [Department of Engineering and Applied Science, Sophia University, 7-1 Kioi-cho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-8554 (Japan)

    2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Optical properties of InN grown by the epitaxial lateral overgrowth (ELO) method have been studied using photoluminescence (PL) and excitation-correlation (EC) measurements. The PL spectrum is analyzed by free-electron recombination band (FERB) model, which shows that the ELO sample has a very low background carrier concentration (n=5.5*10{sup 16}[cm{sup ?3]}). EC measurements show that the dependences of the band gap renormalization and Auger effect on the carrier concentrations are similar in spite of the different physical origins.

  4. Field tests and new design procedure for laterally loaded drilled shafts in clay 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bierschwale, Mark W.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , and develop a new design procedure for drilled shafts supporting precast panel retaining walls. FIELD LOAD TESTS The prediction of the behavior of laterally loaded shafts involves the determination of the shaft-soil interaction. One approach... 4ft to l3 ft 5 -very stiff red clay(CH) below 5ft I-O zL 128 l30 P IC WA R L I QUI 0 LIMIT CONTENT /o LI Ml T ? + 7 IO 20 30 COHESIVE SHEAR STRENGTH, Cu, 0. 6 0, 8 I 0 I. 2 I, 4 I, 6 I. 8 ~ Unconfined Compression Test + Miniature Vane...

  5. Characterization of spin pumping effect in Permalloy/Cu/Pt microfabricated lateral devices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yamamoto, Tatsuya, E-mail: tyamamoto@imr.tohoku.ac.jp; Seki, Takeshi; Takanashi, Koki [Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Ono, Shimpei [Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, Tokyo 201-8511 (Japan)

    2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We studied ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) for microfabricated lateral devices consisting of a Permalloy (Py) rectangular element and a Pt nano-element bridged by a Cu wire, which were located on a coplanar waveguide. A change in the resonance linewidth (?f) was observed in the FMR spectra when the distance between Py and Pt (d) was varied. For devices with d?

  6. View from the Bridge: Commercial Vehicle Perspective | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your DensityEnergy U.S.-China Electric Vehicle and03/02Report | DepartmentTRUVictor Der About Us VictorViewView

  7. Wind Energy Facilities and Residential Properties: The Effect of Proximity and View on Sales Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoen, Ben

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wind Energy Facilities and Residential Properties: The Effect of Proximity and View on Sales Prices *

  8. Nanoair-bridged lateral overgrowth of GaN on ordered nanoporous GaN template

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Y.D.; Zang, K.Y.; Chua, S.J.; Tripathy, S.; Chen, P.; Fonstad, C.G. [Singapore-MIT Alliance, E4-04-10, 4 Engineering Drive 3, Singapore 117576 (Singapore) and Centre for Optoelectronics, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National University of Singapore, 2 Engineering Drive 3, Singapore 117576 (Singapore); Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, 3 Research Link, Singapore 117602 (Singapore); Department of Electrical and Computer Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)

    2005-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the growth of high-quality GaN epilayers on an ordered nanoporous GaN template by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition. The nanopores in GaN template were created by inductively coupled plasma etching using anodic aluminum oxide film as an etch mask. The average pore diameter and interpore distance is about 65 and 110 nm, respectively. Subsequent overgrowth of GaN first begins at the GaN crystallite surface between the pores, and then air-bridge-mediated lateral overgrowth leads to the formation of the continuous layer. Microphotoluminescence and micro-Raman measurements show improved optical properties and significant strain relaxation in the overgrown layer when compared to GaN layer of same thickness simultaneously grown on sapphire without any template. Similar to conventional epitaxial lateral overgrown GaN, such overgrown GaN on a nanopatterned surface would also serve as a template for the growth of ultraviolet-visible light-emitting III-nitride devices.

  9. Lateral Expansion of the Bridges of Cygnus A and other Powerful Radio Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greg F. Wellman; Ruth A. Daly

    1995-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Measurements of the width of the radio bridge at several locations along the bridge for each of four powerful extended radio sources are presented. Adopting a few simple assumptions, these measurements may be used to predict the radio surface brightness as a function of position across the radio bridge. The predicted and observed surface brightnesses across the bridges are compared and found to agree fairly well. The results are consistent with a simple picture in which the radio power and size of the radio lobe at the forward edge of the radio bridge are roughly time-independent for a given source, and the expansion of the bridge in the lateral direction is adiabatic. There is no indication that reacceleration or energy transport is important in the bridges of these sources. The rate of lateral expansion of the bridge just behind the radio lobe and hotspot in terms of the rate of forward propagation is compared with that predicted, and found to be in good agreement with the predicted value.

  10. Ocular dominance and patterned lateral connections in a self-organizing model of the primary visual cortex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A neural network model for the self-organization of ocular dominance and lateral connections from binocular input is presented. The self-organizing process results in a network where (1) afferent weights of each neuron organize into smooth hill-shaped receptive fields primarily on one of the retinas, (2) neurons with common eye preference form connected, intertwined patches, and (3) lateral connections primarily link regions of the same eye preference. Similar self-organization of cortical structures has been observed experimentally in strabismic kittens. The model shows how patterned lateral connections in the cortex may develop based on correlated activity and explains why lateral connection patterns follow receptive field properties such as ocular dominance. 1

  11. The aftermath of the Caledonian continental collision in the North Atlantic Region: A structural template for later events?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andersen, Torgeir Bjørge

    template for later events? Torgeir B. Andersen1) , Ebbe Hartz2) , Trond H. Torsvik2) , Per Terje Osmundsen2.O.Box 1047 Blindern, 0316 Oslo, Norway. 2) Norwegian Geol. Survey., Leiv Eirikssons vei, 7941 Trondheim

  12. Plastid Genome Sequence of the Cryptophyte Alga Rhodomonas salina CCMP1319: Lateral Transfer of Putative DNA Replication Machinery and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Archibald, John

    Plastid Genome Sequence of the Cryptophyte Alga Rhodomonas salina CCMP1319: Lateral Transfer and evolution of the cryptophyte plastid, we have sequenced the plastid genome of Rhodomonas salina CCMP1319

  13. Lateral Flow Capillary Concentration for Rapid Bacterial Identification Aaron V. Mull, Dr. Kent Voorhees, Dr. Christopher Cox

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lateral Flow Capillary Concentration for Rapid Bacterial Identification Aaron V. Mull, Dr. Kent 80401 Introduc)on Materials and Methods Abstract Future Work Acknowledgments Immunoassay Design and Spectra Results Eliminate false positives and false negatives

  14. Influence of lateral target size on hot electron production and electromagnetic pulse emission from laser-irradiated metallic targets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen Ziyu; Li Jianfeng; Yu Yong; Li Xiaoya; Peng Qixian; Zhu Wenjun [National Key Laboratory of Shock Wave and Detonation Physics, Institute of Fluid Physics, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang, Sichuan 621900 (China); Wang Jiaxiang [State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062 (China)

    2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The influences of lateral target size on hot electron production and electromagnetic pulse emission from laser interaction with metallic targets have been investigated. Particle-in-cell simulations at high laser intensities show that the yield of hot electrons tends to increase with lateral target size, because the larger surface area reduces the electrostatic field on the target, owing to its expansion along the target surface. At lower laser intensities and longer time scales, experimental data characterizing electromagnetic pulse emission as a function of lateral target size also show target-size effects. Charge separation and a larger target tending to have a lower target potential have both been observed. The increase in radiation strength and downshift in radiation frequency with increasing lateral target size can be interpreted using a simple model of the electrical capacity of the target.

  15. Superharmonic nonlinear lateral vibrations of a segmented driveline incorporating a tuned damper excited by non-constant velocity joints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Browne, Michael

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    SUPERHARMONIC NONLINEAR LATERAL VIBRATIONS OF A SEGMENTED DRIVELINE INCORPORATING A TUNED DAMPER EXCITED BY NON-CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS A Dissertation by MICHAEL SCOTT BROWNE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies... of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY May 2009 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering SUPERHARMONIC NONLINEAR LATERAL VIBRATIONS OF A SEGMENTED DRIVELINE INCORPORATING A...

  16. In all cases, ALOX5AP and its synonyms were highlighted automati-cally in each view. To highlight disease terms in these views, we

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    the results easy to explore. The novo|seek search box interface allows the user to enter a term (or the production of substances that cause inflammation, such as leukotrienes1. When we entered ALOX5AP as a search a simple view (title, journal and author), a snippet view (a simple view and the search term with flanking

  17. View Management for Driver Assistance in an HMD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    cases. Nevertheless, an increasing number of companies have started to develop light- weight of (currently handheld) mobile augmented reality applications. For cars, this setup seems equally plausible factors need to be considered by future application developers. In view of this question we performed

  18. Analyzing and Visualizing Cosmological Simulations with ParaView

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woodring, Jonathan [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Heitmann, Katrin [ORNL; Ahrens, James P [ORNL; Fasel, Patricia [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Hsu, Chung-Hsing [ORNL; Habib, Salman [ORNL; Pope, Adrian [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The advent of large cosmological sky surveys - ushering in the era of precision cosmology - has been accompanied by ever larger cosmological simulations. The analysis of these simulations, which currently encompass tens of billions of particles and up to a trillion particles in the near future, is often as daunting as carrying out the simulations in the first place. Therefore, the development of very efficient analysis tools combining qualitative and quantitative capabilities is a matter of some urgency. In this paper, we introduce new analysis features implemented within ParaView, a fully parallel, open-source visualization toolkit, to analyze large N-body simulations. A major aspect of ParaView is that it can live and operate on the same machines and utilize the same parallel power as the simulation codes themselves. In addition, data movement is in a serious bottleneck now and will become even more of an issue in the future; an interactive visualization and analysis tool that can handle data in situ is fast becoming essential. The new features in ParaView include particle readers and a very efficient halo finder that identifies friends-of-friends halos and determines common halo properties, including spherical overdensity properties. In combination with many other functionalities already existing within ParaView, such as histogram routines or interfaces to programming languages like Python, this enhanced version enables fast, interactive, and convenient analyses of large cosmological simulations. In addition, development paths are available for future extensions.

  19. Viewable image size Max view area (W x H)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    standards Environmental Preset resolutions Presets / user settings Viewing adjustments Rotating screen768 WXGA+: 1440x900 1600x900 WSXGA+: 1680x1050 Standard presets: VGA/DisplayPort: 26; DVI-D: 25; user 90 degrees from landscape to portrait (requires image rotation support from graphics controller

  20. Viewable image size Max view area (W x H)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    standards Environmental Preset resolutions Presets / user settings Viewing adjustments Rotating screen: 1920x1200 Standard presets: 30; user settings: 20 Tilt: 30° back, 0° forward; lift: 4.3" (110mm rotation support from graphics controller) On screen display with digital user controls (8 languages

  1. Self-Calibration from Two Views Richard I. Hartley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartley, Richard

    Self-Calibration from Two Views Richard I. Hartley G.E. CRD, Schenectady, NY, 12301. Email : hartley@crd.ge.com Abstract A new practical method is given for the self-calibration of a camera and calibration is computed from an analysis of point matches between the two images. The method requires

  2. Self-Calibration from Multiple Views with a Rotating Camera

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartley, Richard

    Self-Calibration from Multiple Views with a Rotating Camera Richard I. Hartley G.E. CRD, Schenectady, NY, 12301. Email : hartley@crd.ge.com Abstract. A new practical method is given for the self-calibration orientations of the camera and calibration is computed from an analysis of point matches between the images

  3. adaptive optics views: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    optics views First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Design of an Adaptive Scanning Optical...

  4. General view on nuclear fission Karl-Heinz Schmidt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    General view on nuclear fission Karl-Heinz Schmidt Beatriz Jurado CENBG, CNRS/IN2 P3 Chemin du.amouroux@cea.fr 1 in2p3-00976648,version1-10Apr2014 #12;Abstract: A general approach to nuclear fission is described which ex- plains the complex appearance of fission observables by universal principles of theoretical

  5. Learning the Topology of Object Views Jan Wieghardt1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Würtz, Rolf P.

    Malsburg2,3 1 SIEMENS AG, CT SE 1, Otto-Hahn-Ring 6, D-81730 M¨unchen, Germany jan.wieghardt@mchp.siemens such a representation by deriving transformations between the different views of a given object, so that they can be pa, we construct such a representation by deriving transformations between the different visual

  6. NEWS AND VIEWS Modeling gene expression control using Omes Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen, Dat H.

    NEWS AND VIEWS Modeling gene expression control using Omes Law Harmen J Bussemaker Department class of methods that fit simple mathematical models of transcription regulation to DNA microarray data factors (TFs) to specific sites in the genome is a crucial step in the molecular process controlling gene

  7. Home Timeslide View Flipcard Voice RecognitionApplication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sóbester, András

    Home Timeslide View Flipcard Voice RecognitionApplication Solar DefectAnalysis Search N O V E M B E EnergyPanels 4. The Future In Technology 5. Hands On Solar Training 6. Wind EnergySolutions ads by media R 1 0 , 2 0 Revolutionary ultrasonic nozzle can reduce water and energy used for cleaning by ten

  8. The view-based approach to dynamic inter-organizational

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dustdar, Schahram

    The view-based approach to dynamic inter-organizational workflow cooperation Issam Chebbi, Samir Distributed Systems Group This paper presents a novel approach to inter-organizational workflow co- operation of workflows and their resources, thus providing powerful ways for inter- organizational workflow configuration

  9. Lithium Hexamethyldisilazide: A View of Lithium Ion Solvation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collum, David B.

    Lithium Hexamethyldisilazide: A View of Lithium Ion Solvation through a Glass-Bottom Boat BRETT L and reactivities, we were drawn to lithium hexamethyldisilazide (LiHMDS; (Me3Si)2NLi) by its promi- nence principles of lithium ion coordination chemistry.2 Understanding how solvation influences organolithium

  10. www.advmat.de www.MaterialsViews.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Soon Hyung

    by plasma- enhanced chemical vapor deposition. Methane (CH4) was used as the carbon source to synthesize. The strong protein-based adhesives found in marine mussel Mytilus edulis, provide an important insight for the solidification by oxidative chemical crosslinking.[21­24] From a chemical point of view, covalent crosslinking

  11. How species interact Altering the Standard View on Trophic Ecology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Canet, Léonie

    How species interact Altering the Standard View on Trophic Ecology Roger Arditi and Lev R. Ginzburg, the French National Institute for Agricultural Research, in the research unit of Ecology and Evolution of ecology and evolution at Stony Brook University since 1977. He has published widely on theoretical

  12. View-Based Query Processing: On the Relationship Between Rewriting,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calvanese, Diego

    amounts to computing the tuples satisfying the query in all databases consistent with the views. Rewriting in the setting of semistructured databases, and in particular for the basic query class in this setting, i-0311326, IIS-9908435, IIS-9978135, EIA-0086264, and ANI-0216467, by US-Israel BSF grant 9800096, by Texas

  13. The Once and Future Warm Earth: A Paleoceanographic View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sukop, Mike

    The Once and Future Warm Earth: A Paleoceanographic View Dr. Ted C. Moore, Jr., University of Michigan Predictions of climatic warming in the near future, if true, will approximate the very warm--and ended. In the early and mid Eocene the Arctic Ocean was ice-free and subtropical flora and fauna were

  14. news and views nucleotide binds to the polymerase and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schedl, Paul

    news and views nucleotide binds to the polymerase and before it is incorporated into DNA. Recent structures of several structurally diverse DNA polymerases complexed to DNA and nucleotide substrates have shown that their active sites adopt a closed conforma- tion upon binding to the correct nucleotide12

  15. Multiple Field of View MR Fluoroscopy Pelin Aksit,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atalar, Ergin

    Multiple Field of View MR Fluoroscopy Pelin Aksit,1 J. Andrew Derbyshire,2 Jean-Michel Serfaty,1 by several investigators (1­ 8). Intravascular MR compares favorably with other clini- cal diagnostic methods and Ergin Atalar1* This work describes a real-time imaging and visualization tech- nique that allows

  16. NEWS & VIEWS X-RaY oPtiCS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    NEWS & VIEWS X-RaY oPtiCS Clarity through a keyhole Janos Hajdu1,2 & Filipe R. n. C. maia2 are at 1 Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory, Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, 2575 Sand Hill Road, Menlo, as it does in conventional crystallography, but only on the wavelength used, the extent of ionization damage

  17. APOLLO OVER THE MOON A View From Orbit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    #12;s Near ride #12;APOLLO OVER THE MOON A View From Orbit #12;#12;NASA SP-362 APOLLO OVER THE MOO Catalogingin Publication Data Main entry under title: Apollo over the moon. (NASA SP ;362) Bibliography: p. 251. 1. Moon-Photographs from space. 2. Project Apollo. I. Masursky, Harold, 1922- 11. Colton, George

  18. An Integrated View of Security Analysis and Performance Evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aldini, Alessandro

    An Integrated View of Security Analysis and Performance Evaluation: Trading QoS with Covert Channel@sti.uniurb.it Abstract. Security analysis and performance evaluation are two funda- mental activities in the system. This is accomplished by proposing a tool-supported methodology that combines noninterference-based security analysis

  19. LATERALLY PROPAGATING DETONATIONS IN THIN HELIUM LAYERS ON ACCRETING WHITE DWARFS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Townsley, Dean M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487-0324 (United States); Moore, Kevin; Bildsten, Lars, E-mail: Dean.M.Townsley@ua.edu [Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106-9530 (United States)

    2012-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Theoretical work has shown that intermediate mass (0.01 M{sub Sun} < M{sub He} < 0.1 M{sub Sun }) helium shells will unstably ignite on the accreting white dwarf (WD) in an AM CVn binary. For more massive (M > 0.8 M{sub Sun }) WDs, these helium shells can be dense enough (>5 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 5} g cm{sup -3}) that the convectively burning region runs away on a timescale comparable to the sound travel time across the shell, raising the possibility for an explosive outcome rather than an Eddington limited helium novae. The nature of the explosion (i.e., deflagration or detonation) remains ambiguous, is certainly density dependent, and likely breaks spherical symmetry. In the case of detonation, this causes a laterally propagating front whose properties in these geometrically thin and low-density shells we begin to study here. Our calculations show that the radial expansion time of <0.1 s leads to incomplete helium burning, in agreement with recent work by Sim and collaborators, but that the nuclear energy released is still adequate to realize a self-sustaining laterally propagating detonation. These detonations are slower than the Chapman-Jouguet speed of 1.5 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 9} cm s{sup -1}, but still fast enough at 0.9 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 9} cm s{sup -1} to go around the star prior to the transit through the star of the inwardly propagating weak shock. Our simulations resolve the subsonic region behind the reaction front in the detonation wave. The two-dimensional nucleosynthesis is shown to be consistent with a truncated one-dimensional Zeldovich-von Neumann-Doering calculation at the slower detonation speed. The ashes from the lateral detonation are typically He rich, and consist of predominantly {sup 44}Ti, {sup 48}Cr, along with a small amount of {sup 52}Fe, with very little {sup 56}Ni and with significant {sup 40}Ca in carbon-enriched layers. If this helium detonation results in a Type Ia supernova, its spectral signatures would appear for the first few days after explosion.

  20. 2D-simulation and analysis of lateral SiC N-emitter SiGe P-base Schottky metal-collector (NPM) HBT on SOI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, M. Jagadesh

    2D-simulation and analysis of lateral SiC N-emitter SiGe P-base Schottky metal-collector (NPM) HBT metal-collector NPM HBT on SOI. The proposed lateral NPM HBT performance has been evaluated in detail silicon NPM BJT structures. Based on our simu- lation results, it is observed that while both the lateral

  1. Economic and Conservation Evaluation of Capital Renovation Projects: United Irrigation District of Hidalgo County (United) - Rehabilitation of Main Canal, Laterals, and Diversion Pump Station - Preliminary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rister, M. Edward; Lacewell, Ronald D.; Sturdivant, Allen W.

    project involves: installing 4.66 miles of pipeline in the Main Canal and Lateral 7N, installing 13.46 miles of pipeline in several laterals and sub-laterals, and rehabilitating the District’s Rio Grande diversion pumping plant. Both nominal and real...

  2. Transient lateral photovoltaic effect in patterned metal-oxide-semiconductor films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cascales, J P; Diaz, D; Rodrigo, J A; Aliev, F G

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The time dependent transient lateral photovoltaic e?ect has been studied with us time resolution and with chopping frequencies in the kHz range, in lithographically patterned 21 nm thick, 5, 10 and 20 um wide and 1500 um long Co lines grown over naturally passivated p-type Si (100). We have observed a nearly linear dependence of the transitorial response with the laser spot position. A transitorial response with a sign change in the laser-off stage has been corroborated by numerical simulations. A qualitative explanation suggests a modi?cation of the drift-diffusion model by including the in uence of a local inductance. Our ?ndings indicate that the microstructuring of position sensitive detectors could improve their space-time resolution.

  3. Study of Cherenkov Light Lateral Distribution Function around the Knee Region in Extensive Air Showers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. A. Al-Rubaiee; U. Hashim; Marwah M.; Y. Al-Douri

    2015-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The Cherenkov light lateral distribution function (LDF) was simulated with the CORSIKA code, in the energy range (10^13-10^16) eV. This simulation was performed for conditions and configurations of the Tunka EAS Cherenkov array for two primary particles (p and Fe). Basing on the simulated results, many approximated functions are structured for two primary particles and different zenith angles. This allowed us to reconstruct the EAS events, which is, to determine the type and energy of the primary particles that produced showers from signal amplitudes of Cherenkov radiation which measured with Tunka Cherenkov array experiment. Comparison of the calculated LDF of Cherenkov radiation with that measured at the Tunka EAS array shows the ability for identifying of the primary particle that initiated the EAS cascades determining of its primary energy around the knee region of the cosmic ray spectrum.

  4. Electrokinetically-driven deterministic lateral displacement for particle separation in microfluidic devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanasoge, Srinivas; Diez, Javier F; Drazer, German

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An electrokinetically-driven deterministic lateral displacement (e-DLD) device is proposed for the continuous, two-dimensional fractionation of suspensions in microfluidic platforms. The suspended species are driven through an array of regularly spaced cylindrical posts by applying an electric field across the device. We explore the entire range of orientations of the driving field with respect to the array of obstacles and show that, at specific forcing-angles, particles of different size migrate in different directions, thus enabling continuous, two-dimensional separation. We discuss a number of features observed in the kinetics of the particles, including directional locking and sharp transitions between migration angles upon variations in the direction of the force, that are advantageous for high-resolution two-dimensional separation. A simple model based on individual particle-obstacle interactions accurately describes the migration angle of the particles depending on the orientation of the driving field...

  5. Lateral diffusion of receptor-ligand bonds in membrane adhesion zones: Effect of thermal membrane roughness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Krobath; G. J. Schuetz; R. Lipowsky; T. R. Weikl

    2007-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The adhesion of cells is mediated by membrane receptors that bind to complementary ligands in apposing cell membranes. It is generally assumed that the lateral diffusion of mobile receptor-ligand bonds in membrane-membrane adhesion zones is slower than the diffusion of unbound receptors and ligands. We find that this slowing down is not only caused by the larger size of the bound receptor-ligand complexes, but also by thermal fluctuations of the membrane shape. We model two adhering membranes as elastic sheets pinned together by receptor-ligand bonds and study the diffusion of the bonds using Monte Carlo simulations. In our model, the fluctuations reduce the bond diffusion constant in planar membranes by a factor close to 2 in the biologically relevant regime of small bond concentrations.

  6. Lateral distribution and the energy determination of showers along the ankle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Ros; G. A. Medina-Tanco; C. De Donato; L. del Peral; D. Rodríguez-Frías; J. C. D'Olivo; J. F. Valdés-Galicia; F. Arqueros; .

    2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The normalization constant of the lateral distribution function (LDF) of an extensive air shower is a monotonous (almost linear) increasing function of the energy of the primary. Therefore, the interpolated signal at some fixed distance from the core can be calibrated to estimate the energy of the shower. There is, somehow surprisingly, a reconstructed optimal distance, r_{opt}, at which the effects on the inferred signal, S(r_{opt}), of the uncertainties on true core location, LDF functional form and shower-to-shower fluctuations are minimized. We calculate the value of r_{opt} as a function of surface detector separation, energy and zenith angle and we demonstrate the advantage of using the r_{opt} value of each individual shower instead of a same fixed distance for every shower, specially in dealing with events with saturated stations. The effects on the determined spectrum are also shown.

  7. Lateral distribution and the energy determination of showers along the ankle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ros, G; De Donato, C; Del Peral, L; Rodríguez-Frías, D; D'Olivo, J C; Valdés-Galicia, J F; Arqueros, F

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The normalization constant of the lateral distribution function (LDF) of an extensive air shower is a monotonous (almost linear) increasing function of the energy of the primary. Therefore, the interpolated signal at some fixed distance from the core can be calibrated to estimate the energy of the shower. There is, somehow surprisingly, a reconstructed optimal distance, r_{opt}, at which the effects on the inferred signal, S(r_{opt}), of the uncertainties on true core location, LDF functional form and shower-to-shower fluctuations are minimized. We calculate the value of r_{opt} as a function of surface detector separation, energy and zenith angle and we demonstrate the advantage of using the r_{opt} value of each individual shower instead of a same fixed distance for every shower, specially in dealing with events with saturated stations. The effects on the determined spectrum are also shown.

  8. Temperature dependent metal-induced lateral crystallization of amorphous SiGe on insulating substrate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kanno, Hiroshi; Toko, Kaoru; Sadoh, Taizoh; Miyao, Masanobu [Department of Electronics, Kyushu University, 744 Motooka, Fukuoka 819-0395 (Japan)

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Metal-induced lateral crystallization (MILC) of amorphous SiGe films on SiO{sub 2} has been investigated as a function of Ge fraction (0%-100%) and annealing temperature (320-550 deg. C). High temperature annealing (>500 deg. C) caused spontaneous nucleation in amorphous SiGe with a high Ge fraction (>70%). This suppressed the progress of MILC. Spontaneous nucleation was significantly suppressed by lowering the annealing temperature (<400 deg. C). As a result, large poly-SiGe regions (>20 {mu}m) were observed around Ni patterns even for high Ge fractions (>70%). In this way, MILC of amorphous SiGe was achieved for samples with whole Ge fractions (0%-100%)

  9. Mechanism of lateral ordering of InP dots grown on InGaP layers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bortoleto, J.R.R.; Gutierrez, H.R.; Cotta, M.A.; Bettini, J. [Instituto de Fisica Gleb Wataghin, DFA, UNICAMP, CP 6165, 13081-970 Campinas-SP (Brazil); Laboratorio Nacional de Luz Sincrotron, CP 6192, 13084-971, Campinas-SP (Brazil)

    2005-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The mechanisms leading to the spontaneous formation of a two-dimensional array of InP/InGaP dots grown by chemical-beam epitaxy are discussed. Samples where the InGaP buffer layer was grown at different conditions were characterized by transmission electron microscopy. Our results indicate that a periodic strain field related to lateral two-dimensional compositional modulation in the InGaP buffer layer determines the dot nucleation positions during InP growth. Although the periodic strain field in the InGaP is large enough to align the InP dots, both their shape and optical properties are effectively unaltered. This result shows that compositional modulation can be used as a tool for in situ dot positioning.

  10. Corrugation in Exfoliated Graphene: An Electron Microscopy and Diffraction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Philip

    Trieste S.C.p.A., 34149 Basovizza, Trieste, Italy, Department of Physics and § Department of Applied Physics, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, IOM-CNR Laboratorio TASC, 34149 Basovizza, Trieste, Buyukcekmece, Istanbul, Turkey, and # Department of Physics, Trieste University, Trieste, Italy. o Contributed

  11. On the material geometry of continuously defective corrugated graphene sheets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrzej Trzesowski

    2014-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Geometrical objects describing the material geometry of continuously defective graphene sheets are introduced and their compatibility conditions are formulated. Effective edge dislocations embedded in the Riemann-Cartan material space and defined by their scalar density and by local Burgers vectors, are considered. The case of secondary curvature-type defects created by this distribution of dislocations is analysed in terms of the material space. The variational geometry of the material space closely related with the existence of a characteristic length parameter is proposed. The formula which describes, in a reference temperature, the influence of dislocations on the material Riemannian metric, is given.

  12. Interfacial flows in corrugated microchannels: flow regimes, transitions and hysteresis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, James J.

    , 1266-1276 (2011), doi:10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2011.08.003 #12;model, microfluidics, porous media 1 of displacing oil by water in enhanced oil recovery (Marle, 1981; Lenormand et al., 1988). More recently on hy- drodynamic principles and concrete flow mechanisms. In fact, conflicting assumptions have been

  13. OpenEI Community - Corrugated Metal Pipe Market

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcernsCompany Oil and GasOff the GridHome All0 en How

  14. OpenEI Community - Corrugated Metal Pipe Market Research

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcernsCompany Oil and GasOff the GridHome All0 en How

  15. OpenEI Community - Corrugated Metal Pipe Market Size

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcernsCompany Oil and GasOff the GridHome All0 en How

  16. OpenEI Community - Corrugated Metal Pipe Market Trends

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcernsCompany Oil and GasOff the GridHome All0 en How

  17. Corrugated Metal Pipe Market Research | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovationinConcentratingEnergyCoosa Valley ElectricCornwallCorpus

  18. Corrugated Metal Pipe Market Trends | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovationinConcentratingEnergyCoosa Valley

  19. Corrugated Metal Pipe Market | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovationinConcentratingEnergyCoosa Valley

  20. Investigation of the spontaneous lateral modulation in short-period superlattices by grazing-incidence x-ray diffraction.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moss, Simon C. (University of Houston, Houston, TX); Holy, Vaclav (Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic); Reno, John Louis; Krause, B. (ESRF, Grenoble, France); Norman, Andrew G. (National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO); Mikulik, P. (Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic); Caha, O. (Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic); Mascarenhas, Angelo (National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO)

    2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The process of spontaneous lateral composition modulation in short-period InAs/AlAs superlattices has been investigated by grazing-incidence x-ray diffraction. We have developed a theoretical description of x-ray scattering from laterally modulated structures that makes it possible to determine the lateral composition modulation directly without assuming any structure model. From experimental intensity distributions in reciprocal space we have determined the amplitudes of the modulation and its degree of periodicity and their dependence on the number of superlattice periods. From the data it follows that the modulation process cannot be explained by bunching of monolayer steps and most likely, it is caused by stress-driven morphological instabilities of the growing surface.

  1. A Unified Neural Network Model for the Self-organization of Topographic Receptive Fields and Lateral Interaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A self-organizing neural network model for the simultaneous development of topographic receptive fields and lateral interactions in cortical maps is presented. Both afferent and lateral connections adapt by the same Hebbian mechanism in a purely local and unsupervised learning process. Afferent input weights of each neuron self-organize into hill-shaped profiles, receptive fields organize topographically across the network, and unique lateral interaction profiles develop for each neuron. The resulting self-organized structure remains in a dynamic and continuously-adapting equilibrium with the input. The model can be seen as a generalization of previous self-organizing models of the visual cortex, and provides a general computational framework for experiments on receptive field development and cortical plasticity. The model also serves to point out general limits on activity-dependent self-organization: when multiple inputs are presented simultaneously, the receptive field centers need ...

  2. Self-Organization and Functional Role of Lateral Connections and Multisize Receptive Fields in the Primary Visual Cortex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cells in the visual cortex are selective not only to ocular dominance and orientation of the input, but also to its size and spatial frequency. The simulations reported in this paper show how size selectivity could develop through Hebbian self-organization, and how receptive fields of different sizes could organize into columns like those for orientation and ocular dominance. The lateral connections in the network self-organize cooperatively and simultaneously with the receptive field sizes, and produce patterns of lateral connectivity that closely follow the receptive field organization. Together with our previous work on ocular dominance and orientation selectivity, these results suggest that a single Hebbian self-organizing process can give rise to all the major receptive field properties in the visual cortex, and also to structured patterns of lateral interactions, some of which have been verified experimentally and others predicted by the model. The model also suggests a functiona...

  3. Nepal: Western Views of the Maoist Insurgency and the Royal Takeover

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burleigh, Peter

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Governance Presentation No. 2 Nepal: Western Views of theworkingpapers/index.html NEPAL: Western Views of the Maoistof the Maoist revolt in Nepal in 1996, there have been a

  4. Electrokinetically-driven deterministic lateral displacement for particle separation in microfluidic devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srinivas Hanasoge; Raghavendra Devendra; Javier F. Diez; German Drazer

    2014-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

    An electrokinetically-driven deterministic lateral displacement (e-DLD) device is proposed for the continuous, two-dimensional fractionation of suspensions in microfluidic platforms. The suspended species are driven through an array of regularly spaced cylindrical posts by applying an electric field across the device. We explore the entire range of orientations of the driving field with respect to the array of obstacles and show that, at specific forcing-angles, particles of different size migrate in different directions, thus enabling continuous, two-dimensional separation. We discuss a number of features observed in the kinetics of the particles, including directional locking and sharp transitions between migration angles upon variations in the direction of the force, that are advantageous for high-resolution two-dimensional separation. A simple model based on individual particle-obstacle interactions accurately describes the migration angle of the particles depending on the orientation of the driving field, and can be used to re-configure driving field depending on the composition of the samples.

  5. Radiation-induced gain degradation in lateral PNP BJTs with lightly and heavily doped emitters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, A. [Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States); Schrimpf, R.D. [Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States); Pease, R.L. [RLP Research, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Fleetwood, D.M. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Kosier, S.L. [VTC Inc., Bloomington, MN (United States)

    1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ionizing radiation may cause failures in ICs due to gain degradation of individual devices. The base current of irradiated bipolar devices increases with total dose, while the collector current remains relatively constant. This results in a decrease in the current gain. Lateral PNP (LPNP) transistors typically exhibit more degradation than vertical PNP devices at the same total dose, and have been blamed as the cause of early IC failures at low dose rates. It is important to understand the differences in total-dose response between devices with heavily- and lightly-doped emitters in order to compare different technologies and evaluate the applicability of proposed low-dose-rate hardness-assurance methods. This paper addresses these differences by comparing two different LPNP devices from the same process: one with a heavily-doped emitter and one with a lightly-doped emitter. Experimental results demonstrate that the lightly-doped devices are more sensitive to ionizing radiation and simulations illustrate that increased recombination on the emitter side of the junction is responsible for the higher sensitivity.

  6. Monte Carlo and Analytical Calculation of Lateral Deflection of Proton Beams in Homogeneous Targets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pazianotto, Mauricio T.; Inocente, Guilherme F.; Silva, Danilo Anacleto A. d; Hormaza, Joel M. [Departamento de Fisica e Biofisica-Instituto de Biociencias, Universidade Estadual Paulista 'Julio de Mesquita Filho'-Botucatu-SP, Brasil and Distrito de Rubiao Junior s/no 18608-000 Botucatu, SP (Brazil)

    2010-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Proton radiation therapy is a precise form of radiation therapy, but the avoidance of damage to critical normal tissues and the prevention of geographical tumor misses require accurate knowledge of the dose delivered to the patient and the verification of his position demand a precise imaging technique. In proton therapy facilities, the X-ray Computed Tomography (xCT) is the preferred technique for the planning treatment of patients. This situation has been changing nowadays with the development of proton accelerators for health care and the increase in the number of treated patients. In fact, protons could be more efficient than xCT for this task. One essential difficulty in pCT image reconstruction systems came from the scattering of the protons inside the target due to the numerous small-angle deflections by nuclear Coulomb fields. The purpose of this study is the comparison of an analytical formulation for the determination of beam lateral deflection, based on Moliere's theory and Rutherford scattering with Monte Carlo calculations by SRIM 2008 and MCNPX codes.

  7. Travel, work, and telecommunications: a view of the electronics revolution and its potential impacts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garrison, William L.; Deakin, Elizabeth

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TELECOMMUNICATIONS: A VIEW OF THE ELECTRONICS REVOLUTION ANDtechnologies and other electronics innovations ontelecommunications and other electronics innovations on the

  8. View Maintenance in a Warehousing Environment Yue Zhuge, Hector Garcia-Molina, Joachim Hammer, Jennifer Widom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammer, Joachim

    information, avail- able for queries and analysis (e.g., decision support, or data mining) IK93]. As relevantView Maintenance in a Warehousing Environment Yue Zhuge, Hector Garcia-Molina, Joachim Hammer are updated. This view maintenance prob- lem di ers from the traditional one in that the view de nition

  9. GenomeView: a next-generation genome browser Thomas Abeel1,2,3,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gent, Universiteit

    GenomeView: a next-generation genome browser Thomas Abeel1,2,3, *, Thomas Van Parys1,2 , Yvan Saeys GenomeView, a stand-alone genome browser specifically designed to visualize and manipulate a multitude of genomics data. GenomeView enables users to dynamically browse high volumes of aligned short-read data

  10. Ground control failures. A pictorial view of case studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peng, S.S.

    2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The book shows, in pictorial views, many forms and/or stages of types of failures in mines, for instance, cutter, roof falls, and cribs. In each case, the year of occurrence is stated in the beginning so that the environment or technological background under which it occurred are reflected. The narrative than begins with the mining and geological conditions, followed by a description of the ground control problems and recommended solutions and results, if any. The sections cover failure of pillars, roof falls, longwall, roof bolting, multiple-seam mining, floor heave, longwall, flooding and weathering of coal, old workings, and shortwall and thin-seam plow longwall.

  11. Prairie View A&M University Whole Campus Energy Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Claridge, D. E.; Turner, W. D.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the guaranteed-savings energy management program at the Prairie View Campus. The two primary findings are as follows: (1) Savings to date. The current (April 1990) calculated guaranteed savings equal or exceed the monthly contracted savings rate. Electricity... consumption has decreased sharply since April 1987. Natural gas usage, and electric demand have also decreased significantly. The savings began to appear in October of 1987 at a rate of about $5,000 per month. These savings grew at a steady pace for the next...

  12. Chevy Chase View, Maryland: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model, click here.Telluric SurveyChelanVermont: EnergyView, Maryland: Energy Resources

  13. Skyline View, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt LtdShawangunk, New York:SiG SolarSkykomish, Washington: Energy ResourcesView,

  14. A View from the Bridge - DOE Perspective | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of Energy ThisThisthe National EnergyLookBroad view

  15. LabVIEW Core 2 Course | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh SchoolIn12electron 9 5 - -/e),,s -LabgrantsLab team makesLab'sLabVIEW

  16. Prairie View Gas Recovery Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal PwerPerkins County, Nebraska: EnergyPiratiniEdwards,PoseyPoudrePowers EnergyCityPrairieRose,View

  17. Logan View Public Schools Wind Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf KilaueaInformation Other AlternativePark,CedarPowerView Public

  18. Mountain View, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLu anMicrogreenMoon LakeMountain Electric Coop, IncView,

  19. OpenEI:Neutral point of view | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorthOlympia Green FuelsperCivicVersionNeutral point of view

  20. Better Buildings Network View | April 2014 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. Department ofJune 2, 2015Energyon23264Compare energy use byNew1Network View

  1. Bay View, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomass Conversions IncBay County, Florida: Energy Resources JumpHill,250986°,View,

  2. A View from the Bridge | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of1 A Strategic Framework for SMRA View from the Bridge - DOEThis

  3. A View from the Bridge | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of1 A Strategic Framework for SMRA View from the Bridge - DOEThisOn-

  4. A View from the Bridge | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of1 A Strategic Framework for SMRA View from the Bridge -

  5. Forest View, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump to:ar-80m.pdfFillmoreGabbs ValleyCity, Florida:Oklahoma:Forest View,

  6. Valley View, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown of Ladoga,planning methodologies andVacant Jump669°,Hill, NorthPark,View,

  7. 1070 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRON DEVICES, VOL. 49, NO. 6, JUNE 2002 A New Lateral PNM Schottky Collector Bipolar Transistor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, M. Jagadesh

    Collector Bipolar Transistor (SCBT) on SOI for Nonsaturating VLSI Logic Design M. Jagadesh Kumar and D. The collector-base junction of the proposed lateral PNM transistor consists of a Schottky junction between n PNM, numerical simulation, Schottky collector, silicon-on-insulator (SOI). I. INTRODUCTION Because

  8. PLAN OF STUDY FOR B.S. IN SYSTEMS ENGINEERING For students entering Spring 2008 or later

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Algebra MATH 203 3 ____ D. Probability for Engineers STAT 346 3 ____ E. Engineering Statistics STAT 354 3. Natural Science elective CHEM 251 or CHEM 211 4 ____ IV. ENGINEERING SCIENCE (2 credits) A. EngineeringPLAN OF STUDY FOR B.S. IN SYSTEMS ENGINEERING For students entering Spring 2008 or later Name

  9. Patient-specific hemodynamic performance of Fontan conversion templates: Lateral tunnel vs. intra-atrial with fenestration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pekkan, Kerem

    . Results: Power loss inside the lateral tunnel Fontan appeared significantly higher than the intra-averaged power loss for both Fontan connections. Flow-structures within the intra-atrial conduit were notability connections: LT-to-IAC Fontan conversion resulted better hemodynamics with less power loss, pressure gradient

  10. Temperature Evolution of Spin-Polarized Electron Tunneling in Silicon NanowirePermalloy Lateral Spin Valve System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Otani, Yoshichika

    Spin Valve System Jean Tarun1;2 , Shaoyun Huang1Ã , Yasuhiro Fukuma1 , Hiroshi Idzuchi1;5 , Yoshi, 2012; accepted February 22, 2012; published online March 16, 2012 A huge nonlocal spin valve signal over 700 has been observed in silicon-nanowire-based lateral spin valve with permalloy electrodes

  11. A new approach to select multi-lateral well candidates using a fuzzy-logic based computer model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colmenares Diaz, Luis Carlos

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    developed a new easy, simple and fast, yet technically sound, method to screen candidate wells for possible application of multi-lateral technology. The new screening method is based on the simulation of human thinking by using a fuzzy logic model...

  12. Demonology in Ancient Egypt History and Developments during the Later Phases of Pharaonic History and the Greco-Roman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qian, Ning

    Demonology in Ancient Egypt History and Developments during the Later Phases of Pharaonic History and the Greco-Roman Period. Rita Lucarelli In this paper the meaning and function of demons in ancient Egypt have been outlined and a few central issues concerning demonology of Pharaonic and Greco-Roman Egypt

  13. Archival Journals: 1. "Ship Bottom Structure under Uniform Lateral and Inplane Loads," Schiff und Hafen, Heft 5, May

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mofrad, Mohammad R. K.

    Archival Journals: 1. "Ship Bottom Structure under Uniform Lateral and Inplane Loads," Schiff und Research, Vol. 16, No. 2, June 1972, pp. 113-123 (also M.I.T. Report No. 70-15, Sept. 1970). 4. "Post-buckling

  14. E. Guilyardi G. Madec L. Terray The role of lateral ocean physics in the upper ocean thermal balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guilyardi, Eric

    inertia and to its opacity, the ocean stores vast amounts of energy, away from a direct contactE. Guilyardi á G. Madec á L. Terray The role of lateral ocean physics in the upper ocean thermal balance of a coupled ocean-atmosphere GCM Received: 24 January 2000 / Accepted: 11 September 2000 Abstract

  15. Developmental dierences in susceptibility to neomycin-induced hair cell death in the lateral line neuromasts of zebrash (Danio rerio)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubel, Edwin

    Developmental di¡erences in susceptibility to neomycin-induced hair cell death in the lateral line Received 25 June 2003; accepted 11 August 2003 Abstract Mechanosensory hair cells of the inner ear and mammalian development, there is a period of relative insensitivity to aminoglycoside-induced hair cell death

  16. Tri-Lateral Noor al Salaam High Concentration Solar Central Receiver Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blackmon, James B

    2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents the efforts conducted primarily under the Noor al Salaam (“Light of Peace”) program under DOE GRANT NUMBER DE-FC36-02GO12030, together with relevant technical results from a closely related technology development effort, the U.S./Israel Science and Technology Foundation (USISTF) High Concentration Solar Central Receiver program. These efforts involved preliminary design, development, and test of selected prototype power production subsystems and documentation of an initial version of the system definition for a high concentration solar hybrid/gas electrical power plant to be built in Zaafarana, Egypt as a first step in planned commercialization. A major part of the planned work was halted in 2007 with an amendment in October 2007 requiring that we complete the technical effort by December 31, 2007 and provide a final report to DOE within the following 90 days. This document summarizes the work conducted. The USISTF program was a 50/50 cost-shared program supported by the Department of Commerce through the U.S./Israel Science and Technology Commission (USISTC). The USISTC was cooperatively developed by President Clinton and the late Prime Minister Rabin of Israel "to encourage technological collaboration" and "support peace in the Middle East through economic development". The program was conducted as a follow-on effort to Israel's Magnet/CONSOLAR Program, which was an advanced development effort to design, fabricate, and test a solar central receiver and secondary optics for a "beam down" central receiver concept. The status of these hardware development programs is reviewed, since they form the basis for the Noor al Salaam program. Descriptions are provided of the integrated system and the major subsystems, including the heliostat, the high temperature air receiver, the power conversion unit, tower and tower reflector, compound parabolic concentrator, and the master control system. One objective of the USISTF program was to conduct marketing research, identify opportunities for use of this technology, and to the extent possible, secure an agreement leading to a pre-commercialization demonstration or prototype plant. This was accomplished with the agreement to conduct the Noor al Salaam program as a tri-lateral project between Egypt, Israel, and the U.S. The tri-lateral project was led by the University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH); this included the Egyptian New and Renewable Energy Authority and the Israeli USISTC participants. This project, known was Noor al Salaam, was funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) through the Department of Energy (DOE). The Egyptian activity was under the auspices of the Egyptian Ministry of Energy and Electricity, New and Renewable Energy Authority (NREA) as part of Egypt's plans for renewable energy development. The objective of the Noor al Salaam project was to develop the conditions necessary to obtain funding and construct and operate an approximately 10 to 20 Megawatt hybrid solar/natural gas demonstration power plant in Zaafarana, Egypt that could serve both as a test bed for advanced solar technology evaluations, and as a forerunner to commercial plant designs. This plant, termed Noor Al Salaam, or “Light of Peace”, reached the initial phase of system definition before being curtailed, in part by changes in USAID objectives, coupled with various delays that were beyond the scope of the program to resolve. The background of the USISTF technology development and pre-commercialization effort is provided in this report, together with documentation of the technology developments conducted under the Noor al Salaam program. It should be noted that only a relatively small part of the Noor al Salaam funding was expended over the approximately five years for which UAH was prime contractor before the program was ordered closed (Reference 1) so that the remaining funds could be returned to USAID.

  17. Wake Tracking and the Detection of Vortex Rings by the Canal Lateral Line of Fish Jan-Moritz P. Franosch,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Hemmen, J. Leo

    that pass a fish later- ally [19] as well as vortex rings that are part of a von Ka´rma´n vortex street [20 by the lateral-line sensors so as to enable fish to follow a vortex street. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.103Wake Tracking and the Detection of Vortex Rings by the Canal Lateral Line of Fish Jan-Moritz P

  18. Measurements of lateral penumbra for uniform scanning proton beams under various beam delivery conditions and comparison to the XiO treatment planning system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rana, Suresh; Zeidan, Omar; Ramirez, Eric; Rains, Michael; Gao, Junfang; Zheng, Yuanshui [Department of Medical Physics, ProCure Proton Therapy Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73142 (United States)] [Department of Medical Physics, ProCure Proton Therapy Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73142 (United States)

    2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: The main purposes of this study were to (1) investigate the dependency of lateral penumbra (80%–20% distance) of uniform scanning proton beams on various factors such as air gap, proton range, modulation width, compensator thickness, and depth, and (2) compare the lateral penumbra calculated by a treatment planning system (TPS) with measurements.Methods: First, lateral penumbra was measured using solid–water phantom and radiographic films for (a) air gap, ranged from 0 to 35 cm, (b) proton range, ranged from 8 to 30 cm, (c) modulation, ranged from 2 to 10 cm, (d) compensator thickness, ranged from 0 to 20 cm, and (e) depth, ranged from 7 to 15 cm. Second, dose calculations were computed in a virtual water phantom using the XiO TPS with pencil beam algorithm for identical beam conditions and geometrical configurations that were used for the measurements. The calculated lateral penumbra was then compared with the measured one for both the horizontal and vertical scanning magnets of our uniform scanning proton beam delivery system.Results: The results in the current study showed that the lateral penumbra of horizontal scanning magnet was larger (up to 1.4 mm for measurement and up to 1.0 mm for TPS) compared to that of vertical scanning magnet. Both the TPS and measurements showed an almost linear increase in lateral penumbra with increasing air gap as it produced the greatest effect on lateral penumbra. Lateral penumbra was dependent on the depth and proton range. Specifically, the width of lateral penumbra was found to be always lower at shallower depth than at deeper depth within the spread out Bragg peak (SOBP) region. The lateral penumbra results were less sensitive to the variation in the thickness of compensator, whereas lateral penumbra was independent of modulation. Overall, the comparison between the results of TPS with that of measurements indicates a good agreement for lateral penumbra, with TPS predicting higher values compared to measurements.Conclusions: Lateral penumbra of uniform scanning proton beams depends on air gap, proton range, compensator thickness, and depth, whereas lateral penumbra is not dependent on modulation. The XiO TPS typically overpredicted lateral penumbra compared to measurements, within 1 mm for most cases, but the difference could be up to 2.5 mm at a deep depth and large air gap.

  19. High resolution ion Doppler spectroscopy at Prairie View Rotamak

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Houshmandyar, Saeid; Yang Xiaokang [Solar Observatory Department, Prairie View A and M University, Prairie View, Texas 77446 (United States); Magee, Richard [Department of Physics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 (United States)

    2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A fast ion Doppler spectroscopy (IDS) diagnostic system is installed on the Prairie View Rotamak to measure ion temperature and plasma flow. The diagnostic employs a single channel photomultiplier tube and a Jarrell-Ash 50 monochromator with a diffraction grating line density of 1180 lines/mm, which allows for first order spectra of 200-600 nm. The motorized gear of the monochromator allows spectral resolution of 0.01 nm. Equal IDS measurements are observed for various impurity emission lines of which carbon lines exhibit stronger intensities. Furthermore, the diagnostics is examined in an experiment where plasma experiences sudden disruption and quick recovery. In this case, the IDS measurements show {approx}130% increase in ion temperature. Flow measurements are shown to be consistent with plasma rotation.

  20. Tunable exchange bias-like effect in patterned hard-soft two-dimensional lateral composites with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hierro-Rodriguez, A., E-mail: ahierro@fc.up.pt; Alvarez-Prado, L. M.; Martín, J. I.; Alameda, J. M. [Departamento de Física, Universidad de Oviedo, C/Calvo Sotelo S/N, 33007 Oviedo (Spain); Centro de Investigación en Nanomateriales y Nanotecnología—CINN (CSIC—Universidad de Oviedo—Principado de Asturias), Parque Tecnológico de Asturias, 33428 Llanera (Spain); Teixeira, J. M. [IN-IFIMUP, Departamento de Física e Astronomia, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade do Porto, Rua Campo Alegre 687, 4169-007 Porto (Portugal); Vélez, M. [Departamento de Física, Universidad de Oviedo, C/Calvo Sotelo S/N, 33007 Oviedo (Spain)

    2014-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Patterned hard-soft 2D magnetic lateral composites have been fabricated by e-beam lithography plus dry etching techniques on sputter-deposited NdCo{sub 5} thin films with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. Their magnetic behavior is strongly thickness dependent due to the interplay between out-of-plane anisotropy and magnetostatic energy. Thus, the spatial modulation of thicknesses leads to an exchange coupled system with hard/soft magnetic regions in which rotatable anisotropy of the thicker elements provides an extra tool to design the global magnetic behavior of the patterned lateral composite. Kerr microscopy studies (domain imaging and magneto-optical Kerr effect magnetometry) reveal that the resulting hysteresis loops exhibit a tunable exchange bias-like shift that can be switched on/off by the applied magnetic field.

  1. Completed form must be received by ODS no later than 5 business days prior to the exam. TEST PROCTORING FORM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Completed form must be received by ODS no later than 5 business days prior to the exam. TEST-993-2474 Fax: 703-993-4306 Testing Hours: Monday - Friday 9 AM till 5 PM Tuesday 9 AM till 9 PM Email: ods@gmu.edu Website: http://ods.gmu.edu STUDENT INFORMATION (to be completed by student) Name Email Course I have read

  2. Magnetic field enhancement of non-local spin signal in Ni{<_80}Fe{<_20}/Ag lateral spin valves.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mihajlovic, G.; Erlingsson, S. I.; Vyborny, K.; Pearson, J. E.; Bader, S. D.; Hoffmann, A. (Center for Nanoscale Materials); ( MSD); (Hitachi Global Storage Tech.); (Reykjavik Univ.); (Acad. Sci. Czech Republic)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We observe a magnetic-field-induced enhancement of the nonlocal spin signal in Ni{sub 80}Fe{sub 20}/Ag lateral spin valves. The enhancement depends on the bias current polarity but not on the field direction. We present a theoretical model that explains our experimental results, taking into account the electron-spin relaxation of magnetic impurities. We find that the relaxation is about an order of magnitude weaker than Elliott-Yafet relaxation.

  3. Emission mechanisms of bulk GaN and InGaN quantum wells prepared by lateral epitaxial overgrowth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowers, John

    Emission mechanisms of bulk GaN and InGaN quantum wells prepared by lateral epitaxial overgrowth S for publication 5 January 1999 The emission mechanisms of bulk GaN and InGaN quantum wells QWs were studied suggest that TDs simply reduce the net volume of light-emitting area. This effect is less pronounced in InGaN

  4. Lateral color integration on rare-earth-doped GaN electroluminescent D. S. Lee and A. J. Steckla)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steckl, Andrew J.

    and thermal robust- ness. GaN films were grown on p-type 111 Si substrate by molecular beam epitaxy MBE growth from solid sources. GaN:RE layers were typically grown for 1 h at either 100 or 400 °C substrateLateral color integration on rare-earth-doped GaN electroluminescent thin films D. S. Lee and A. J

  5. Ponding Test Results Seepage Losses Laterals 8E and 2A-C, Maverick County Water Control and Improvement District No. 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leigh, Eric; Fipps, Guy

    TR-336 2008 Ponding Test Results Seepage Losses Laterals 8E and 2A-C Maverick County Water Control and Improvement District No. 1 By: Eric Leigh, Extension Associate, Biological and Agricultural... Engineering Guy Fipps, Professor and Extension Agricultural Engineer, Biological and Agricultural Engineering Texas Water Resources Institute Technical Report November 2008 PONDING TEST RESULTS SEEPAGE LOSSES LATERALS 8E AND 2A...

  6. Micro-Raman and cathodoluminescence studies of epitaxial laterally overgrown GaN with tungsten masks: A method to map the free-carrier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nabben, Reinhard

    Micro-Raman and cathodoluminescence studies of epitaxial laterally overgrown GaN with tungsten properties of two epitaxial-laterally overgrown GaN structures with tungsten masks in 1100 and 1120 direction by tungsten masks3 to prevent the in-diffusion of silicon and oxygen atoms in the overgrown GaN, which

  7. Report of Energy Efficiency Study and Metering/Utilities Profile for Electricity Deregulation at Prairie View A&M University (PVAMU) Prairie View, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Y.; Claridge, D. E.; Giebler, T.; Abushakra, B.; Turner, W. D.

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The physical plant director and staff at Prairie View A&M University (PVAMU) do a good job of maintaining PVAMU facilities and keeping expenses down. During our visit, however, we were able to identify several opportunities for improving energy...

  8. Viewing spin structures with soft x-ray microscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fischer, Peter

    2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The spin of the electron and its associated magnetic moment marks the basic unit for magnetic properties of matter. Magnetism, in particular ferromagnetism and antiferromagnetism is described by a collective order of these spins, where the interaction between individual spins reflects a competition between exchange, anisotropy and dipolar energy terms. As a result the energetically favored ground state of a ferromagnetic system is a rather complex spin configuration, the magnetic domain structure. Magnetism is one of the eldest scientific phenomena, yet it is one of the most powerful and versatile utilized physical effects in modern technologies, such as in magnetic storage and sensor devices. To achieve highest storage density, the relevant length scales, such as the bit size in disk drives is now approaching the nanoscale and as such further developments have to deal with nanoscience phenomena. Advanced characterization tools are required to fully understand the underlying physical principles. Magnetic microscopes using polarized soft X-rays offer a close-up view into magnetism with unique features, these include elemental sensitivity due to X-ray magnetic dichroism effects as contrast mechanism, high spatial resolution provided by state-of-the-art X-ray optics and fast time resolution limited by the inherent time structure of current X-ray sources, which will be overcome with the introduction of ultrafast and high brilliant X-ray sources.

  9. Einstein, incompleteness, and the epistemic view of quantum states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicholas Harrigan; Robert W. Spekkens

    2007-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Does the quantum state represent reality or our knowledge of reality? In making this distinction precise, we are led to a novel classification of hidden variable models of quantum theory. Indeed, representatives of each class can be found among existing constructions for two-dimensional Hilbert spaces. Our approach also provides a fruitful new perspective on arguments for the nonlocality and incompleteness of quantum theory. Specifically, we show that for models wherein the quantum state has the status of something real, the failure of locality can be established through an argument considerably more straightforward than Bell's theorem. The historical significance of this result becomes evident when one recognizes that the same reasoning is present in Einstein's preferred argument for incompleteness, which dates back to 1935. This fact suggests that Einstein was seeking not just any completion of quantum theory, but one wherein quantum states are solely representative of our knowledge. Our hypothesis is supported by an analysis of Einstein's attempts to clarify his views on quantum theory and the circumstance of his otherwise puzzling abandonment of an even simpler argument for incompleteness from 1927.

  10. $?$-Ray Pulsars: Emission Zones and Viewing Geometries, A Computer Animation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. -A. Yadigaroglu; Roger W. Romani

    1994-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The computer animation illustrates the geometries described in a paper by the same authors. The preprint is available as number 9401045. The opening scene shows dipole field lines emanating from the polar caps of a rotating neutron star. The dipole axis is inclined along the green rods. The field lines shown are defined from the condition that they be tangent to the light cylinder (the cylindrical radius at which the tangential velocity of rotation reaches the speed of light). The static dipole field lines are smoothly morphed into the correct retarted-potential vacuum solutions. A red surface spanning these field lines is painted. In the next scene the blue surfaces represent the outer gaps above the surface of last closed field lines. High energy emission (blue) is produced in these outer gaps, and is beamed tangentially along the field lines. The radio emission (green) originates close to the surface of the star and is beamed along the dipole axes. The inclination angle $\\alpha$ of the dipole and the viewing angle $\\zeta$ are chosen to match the Crab parameters; $\\alpha$ = 70, $\\zeta$ = 65. The corresponding light curve is computed and shown for these angles, and the red dot traces rotation phase. The next scene shows the situation for angles appropriate to PSR1706-44; $\\alpha$ = 45, $\\zeta$ = 65. The final scene is a possibility for Geminga; $\\alpha$ = 20, $\\zeta$ = 75. These angles are poorly constrained as there is no radio emission.

  11. Synchrotron Radiation Therapy from a Medical Physics point of view

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prezado, Y.; Berkvens, P.; Braeuer-Krisch, E.; Renier, M.; Bravin, A. [ID17 Biomedical Beamline, European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), 6 Rue Jules Horowitz B.P. 220, 38043 Grenoble Cedex (France); Adam, J. F. [INSERM, U836, Equipe 6, BP 170, Grenoble Cedex 9, F-38042 (France); Universite Joseph Fourier, B.P. 51, Grenoble Cedex 9, F-38041 (France); ID17 Biomedical Beamline, European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), 6 Rue Jules Horowitz B.P. 220, 38043 Grenoble Cedex (France); Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, B.P. 217, Grenoble Cedex 9, F-38043 (France); Martinez-Rovira, I. [ID17 Biomedical Beamline, European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), 6 Rue Jules Horowitz B.P. 220, 38043 Grenoble Cedex (France); Institut de Tecniques Energetiques, Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya, Diagonal 647, E-08028 Barcelona (Spain); Fois, G. [ID17 Biomedical Beamline, European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), 6 Rue Jules Horowitz B.P. 220, 38043 Grenoble Cedex (France); Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita degli Studi di Cagliari, Strada Provinciale Monserrato Sestu km 0.700, Monserrato, Cagliari 09042 (Italy); Thengumpallil, S. [ID17 Biomedical Beamline, European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), 6 Rue Jules Horowitz B.P. 220, 38043 Grenoble Cedex (France); Dipartimento di Fisica E. Amaldi, Universita degli Studi Roma Tre, 84 Via della Vasca Navale, 00146 Roma (Italy); Edouard, M.; Deman, P. [INSERM, U836, Equipe 6, BP 170, Grenoble Cedex 9, F-38042 (France); Universite Joseph Fourier, B.P. 51, Grenoble Cedex 9, F-38041 (France); ID17 Biomedical Beamline, European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), 6 Rue Jules Horowitz B.P. 220, 38043 Grenoble Cedex (France); Vautrin, M. [INSERM, U836, Equipe 6, BP 170, Grenoble Cedex 9, F-38042 (France); Universite Joseph Fourier, B.P. 51, Grenoble Cedex 9, F-38041 (France); DOSIsoft, Cachan (France)

    2010-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Synchrotron radiation (SR) therapy is a promising alternative to treat brain tumors, whose management is limited due to the high morbidity of the surrounding healthy tissues. Several approaches are being explored by using SR at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), where three techniques are under development Synchrotron Stereotactic Radiation Therapy (SSRT), Microbeam Radiation Therapy (MRT) and Minibeam Radiation Therapy (MBRT).The sucess of the preclinical studies on SSRT and MRT has paved the way to clinical trials currently in preparation at the ESRF. With this aim, different dosimetric aspects from both theoretical and experimental points of view have been assessed. In particular, the definition of safe irradiation protocols, the beam energy providing the best balance between tumor treatment and healthy tissue sparing in MRT and MBRT, the special dosimetric considerations for small field dosimetry, etc will be described. In addition, for the clinical trials, the definition of appropiate dosimetry protocols for patients according to the well established European Medical Physics recommendations will be discussed. Finally, the state of the art of the MBRT technical developments at the ESRF will be presented. In 2006 A. Dilmanian and collaborators proposed the use of thicker microbeams (0.36-0.68 mm). This new type of radiotherapy is the most recently implemented technique at the ESRF and it has been called MBRT. The main advantage of MBRT with respect to MRT is that it does not require high dose rates. Therefore it can be more easily applied and extended outside synchrotron sources in the future.

  12. The effect of imports on export development : a network analytical view of international trade in music

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu-Shore, Jesse Conan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    What are the effects of imports on export development? Would low influence from imports provide more opportunity to local producers to develop radically new products that could later be exported as a uniquely local ...

  13. The Universe Viewed in Gamma-Rays 1 Properties of Gamma-ray Bursts Localized by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enomoto, Ryoji

    The Universe Viewed in Gamma-Rays 1 Properties of Gamma-ray Bursts Localized by the HETE-2 and localize Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) in wide field of view. HETE-2 have been localized about 20 GRBs per year hours after the burst. 1. The High Energy Transient Explorer 2 Gamma-ray burst (GRB) is the most

  14. Modeling 3D animals from a side-view sketch Even Entema,b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barthe, Loïc

    Modeling 3D animals from a side-view sketch Even Entema,b , Loic Barthea , Marie-Paule Canib. This paper tackles the problem of creating 3D models of animals from a single, side-view sketch. We use be an important step for generat- ing more lively virtual worlds. Animals are also among the models

  15. Reconstructions in limited-view thermoacoustic tomography Yuan Xu and Lihong V. Wanga)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ambartsoumian, Gaik

    Reconstructions in limited-view thermoacoustic tomography Yuan Xu and Lihong V. Wanga) Optical for publication 9 December 2003; published 11 March 2004 The limited-view problem is studied for thermoacoustic of Physicists in Medicine. DOI: 10.1118/1.1644531 Key words: thermoacoustic tomography, photoacoustic tomography

  16. 1.9 kV AlGaN/GaN Lateral Schottky Barrier Diodes on Silicon

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Zhu, Mingda [University of Notre Dame, IN (United States); Song, Bo [Cornell University, Ithaca, NY (United States); Qi, Meng [University of Notre Dame, IN (United States); Hu, Zongyang [University of Notre Dame, IN (United States); Nomoto, Kazuki [University of Notre Dame, IN (United States); Yan, Xiaodong [University of Notre Dame, IN (United States); Cao, Yu [IQE, Westborough, MA (United States); Johnson, Wayne [IQE, Westborough, MA (United States); Kohn, Erhard [University of Notre Dame, IN (United States); Jena, Debdeep [Cornell University, Ithaca, NY (United States); Xing, Grace Huili [Cornell University, Ithaca, NY (United States)

    2015-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this letter, we present AlGaN/GaN lateral Schottky barrier diodes on silicon with recessed anodes and dual field plates. A low specific on-resistance RON,SP (5.12 m?{center_dot}cm2), a low turn-on voltage (1.9 kV), were simultaneously achieved in devices with a 25 ?m anode/cathode separation, resulting in a power figure-of-merit (FOM) BV2/RON,SP of 727 MW{center_dot}cm2. The record high breakdown voltage of 1.9 kV is attributed to the dual field plate structure.

  17. High-power, low-lateral divergence broad area quantum cascade lasers with a tilted front facet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ahn, Sangil, E-mail: sangil.ahn@tuwien.ac.at; Schwarzer, Clemens; Zederbauer, Tobias; MacFarland, Donald C.; Detz, Hermann; Andrews, Aaron M.; Schrenk, Werner; Strasser, Gottfried [Institute for Solid State Electronics, Vienna University of Technology, 1040 Vienna (Austria)

    2014-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce a simple technique to improve the beam quality of broad area quantum cascade lasers. Moderately tilted front facets of the laser provide suppression of higher order lateral waveguide modes. A device with a width of 60??m and a front facet angle of 17° shows a nearly diffraction limited beam profile. In addition, the peak output power and the slope efficiency of the device are increased since most of the light inside the cavity is emitted through the tilted front facet by an asymmetric light intensity distribution along the cavity.

  18. Improved lateral photovoltaic effect of Ti and carbon films by interface modification with single-walled carbon nanotubes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lu, Jing [The State Key Laboratory on Fiber Optic Local Area Communication Networks and Advanced Optical Communication Systems, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Key Laboratory for Thin Film and Microfabrication Technology of the Ministry of Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Rd., Shanghai 200240 (China); National Engineering Research Centre for Nanotechnology, 28 East JiangChuan Rd., Shanghai 200241 (China); Wang, Hui, E-mail: huiwang@sjtu.edu.cn [The State Key Laboratory on Fiber Optic Local Area Communication Networks and Advanced Optical Communication Systems, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Key Laboratory for Thin Film and Microfabrication Technology of the Ministry of Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Rd., Shanghai 200240 (China)

    2014-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

    An efficiently improved lateral photovoltaic effect (LPE) has been successfully observed in Ti/Si and amorphous carbon (a-C) film/Si structures by introducing single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) as modifying interface instead of native SiO{sub 2} layer grown on Si substrate. The largest lateral photovoltage (LPV) position sensitivity achieved is 67.02?mV/mm for the Ti/Si system and 2.23?mV/mm for the a-C/Si system. This corresponds to an improvement of 40% for the Ti/Si system and 2600% for the a-C/Si system. Besides, the SWNTs modified interface also induced a well-marked shift of optimal film thickness in both materials. An additional novel phenomenon is that the directly observed LPV is much larger in SWNTs/Si system compared to the improved a-C/SWNTs/Si structure. A mechanism based on the change of interface states is given to interpret these results, which not only suggests a new common modulation method for LPE, but also a new potential application of SWNTs for photo-electronic device.

  19. Polarity driven simultaneous growth of free-standing and lateral GaAsP epitaxial nanowires on GaAs (001) substrate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sun, Wen; Xu, Hongyi [Materials Engineering, The University of Queensland, St Lucia QLD 40732 (Australia)] [Materials Engineering, The University of Queensland, St Lucia QLD 40732 (Australia); Guo, Yanan [Materials Engineering, The University of Queensland, St Lucia QLD 40732 (Australia) [Materials Engineering, The University of Queensland, St Lucia QLD 40732 (Australia); Department of Electronic Materials Engineering, Research School of Physics and Engineering, The Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia); Gao, Qiang; Hoe Tan, Hark; Jagadish, Chennupati [Department of Electronic Materials Engineering, Research School of Physics and Engineering, The Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia)] [Department of Electronic Materials Engineering, Research School of Physics and Engineering, The Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia); Zou, Jin, E-mail: j.zou@uq.edu.au [Materials Engineering, The University of Queensland, St Lucia QLD 40732 (Australia) [Materials Engineering, The University of Queensland, St Lucia QLD 40732 (Australia); Centre for Microscopy and Microanalysis, The University of Queensland, St Lucia QLD 4072 (Australia)

    2013-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Simultaneous growth of ?111?{sub B} free-standing and ±[110] lateral GaAsP epitaxial nanowires on GaAs (001) substrates were observed and investigated by electron microscopy and crystallographic analysis. It was found that the growth of both free-standing and lateral ternary nanowires via Au catalysts was driven by the fact that Au catalysts prefer to maintain low-energy (111){sub B} interfaces with surrounding GaAs(P) materials: in the case of free-standing nanowires, Au catalysts maintain (111){sub B} interfaces with their underlying GaAsP nanowires; while in the case of lateral nanowires, each Au catalyst remain their side (111){sub B} interfaces with the surrounding GaAs(P) material during the lateral nanowire growth.

  20. An experimental study of the buckling behavior and frictional effects of a circular rod laterally constrained within a horizontal circular cylinder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Thomas H.

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is the result of an experimental study of the post buckling frictional effects of a circular rod laterally constrained within a horizontal circular cylinder. Previous theoretical works by Chen, Wu, and Cheatam are compared...

  1. DeepView: A collaborative framework for distributed microscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parvin, B.; Taylor, J.; Cong, G.

    1998-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper outlines the motivation, requirements, and architecture of a collaborative framework for distributed virtual microscopy. In this context, the requirements are specified in terms of (1) functionality, (2) scalability, (3) interactivity, and (4) safety and security. Functionality refers to what and how an instrument does something. Scalability refers to the number of instruments, vendor-specific desktop workstations, analysis programs, and collaborators that can be accessed. Interactivity refers to how well the system can be steered either for static or dynamic experiments. Safety and security refers to safe operation of an instrument coupled with user authentication, privacy, and integrity of data communication. To meet these requirements, we introduce three types of services in the architecture: Instrument Services (IS), Exchange Services (ES), and Computational Services (CS). These services may reside on any host in the distributed system. The IS provide an abstraction for manipulating different types of microscopes; the ES provide common services that are required between different resources; and the CS provide analytical capabilities for data analysis and simulation. These services are brought together through CORBA and its enabling services, e.g., Event Services, Time Services, Naming Services, and Security Services. Two unique applications have been introduced into the CS for analyzing scientific images either for instrument control or recovery of a model for objects of interest. These include: in-situ electron microscopy and recovery of 3D shape from holographic microscopy. The first application provides a near real-time processing of the video-stream for on-line quantitative analysis and the use of that information for closed-loop servo control. The second application reconstructs a 3D representation of an inclusion (a crystal structure in a matrix) from multiple views through holographic electron microscopy. These application require steering external stimuli or computational parameters for a particular result. In a sense, ''computational instruments'' (symmetric multiprocessors) interact closely with data generated from ''experimental instruments'' (unique microscopes) to conduct new experiments and bring new functionalities to these instruments. Both of these features exploit high-performance computing and low-latency networks to bring novel functionalities to unique scientific imaging instruments.

  2. Optic for an endoscope/borescope having high resolution and narrow field of view

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stone, Gary F.; Trebes, James E.

    2003-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    An optic having optimized high spatial resolution, minimal nonlinear magnification distortion while at the same time having a limited chromatic focal shift or chromatic aberrations. The optic located at the distal end of an endoscopic inspection tool permits a high resolution, narrow field of view image for medical diagnostic applications, compared to conventional optics for endoscopic instruments which provide a wide field of view, low resolution image. The image coverage is over a narrow (<20 degrees) field of view with very low optical distortion (<5% pin cushion or barrel distortion. The optic is also optimized for best color correction as well as to aid medical diagnostics.

  3. Remote Participation at EFDA­JET Task Force Work, Experience and Priorities from a User’s Point of View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Remote Participation at EFDA­JET Task Force Work, Experience and Priorities from a User’s Point of View

  4. Reducing the efficiency droop by lateral carrier confinement in InGaN/GaN quantum-well nanorods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shi, Chentian; Yang, Fan; Park, Min Joo; Kwak, Joon Seop; Jung, Sukkoo; Choi, Yoon-Ho; Wang, Xiaoyong; Xiao, Min

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Efficiency droop is a major obstacle facing high-power application of InGaN/GaN quantum-well (QW) light-emitting diodes. In this letter, we report the suppression of efficiency droop induced by density-activated defect recombination in nanorod structure of a-plane InGaN/GaN QWs. In the high carrier density regime, the retained emission efficiency in a dry-etched nanorod sample is observed to be over two times higher than that in its parent QW sample. We further argue that the improvement is a combined effect of the amendment contributed by lateral carrier confinement and the deterioration made by surface trapping.

  5. Polarity characterization by anomalous x-ray dispersion of ZnO films and GaN lateral polar structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shelton, Christopher T.; Sachet, Edward; Paisley, Elizabeth A.; Hoffmann, Marc P.; Rajan, Joseph; Collazo, Ramón; Sitar, Zlatko; Maria, Jon-Paul [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695 (United States)

    2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We demonstrate the use of anomalous x-ray scattering of constituent cations at their absorption edge, in a conventional Bragg-Brentano diffractometer, to measure absolutely and quantitatively the polar orientation and polarity fraction of unipolar and mixed polar wurtzitic crystals. In one set of experiments, the gradual transition between c+ and c? polarity of epitaxial ZnO films on sapphire as a function of MgO buffer layer thickness is monitored quantitatively, while in a second experiment, we map the polarity of a lateral polar homojunction in GaN. The dispersion measurements are compared with piezoforce microscopy images, and we demonstrate how x-ray dispersion and scanning probe methods can provide complementary information that can discriminate between polarity fractions at a material surface and polarity fractions averaged over the film bulk.

  6. Moving Toward a Vision of Family Independence: Local Managers' Views of Michigan's Welfare Reforms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shyy, Wei

    Reforms Kristin S. Seefeldt Jodi Sandfort Sandra K. Danziger February, 1998 This project is supported? .................................................................................39 SECTION IV: MANAGERS' VIEW OF WELFARE REFORM AND IMPLEMENTATION ISSUES......................................................................44 Support for Reform Initiatives

  7. THESIS FOR THE DEGREE OF LICENTIATE OF ENGINEERING View Frustum Culling and Animated Ray Tracing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Assarsson, Ulf

    THESIS FOR THE DEGREE OF LICENTIATE OF ENGINEERING View Frustum Culling and Animated Ray Tracing Thesis for the degree of Licentiate of Engineering, a Swedish degree between M.Sc. and Ph.D. Abstract

  8. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study 2014: Clifton View Homes...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    founder of Clifton View Homes and Zero-Energy Plans, LLC, strives to go beyond net zero energy construction so that every home he designs and builds can produce enough...

  9. Direct imaging with highly diluted apertures. I. Field of view limitations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O. Lardiere; F. Martinache; F. Patru

    2006-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Future optical interferometric instrumentation mainly relies on the availability of an efficient cophasing system: once available, what has so far postponed the relevance of direct imaging with an interferometer will vanish. This paper focuses on the actual limits of snapshot imaging, inherent to the use of a sparse aperture: the number of telescopes and the geometry of the array impose the maximum extent of the field of view and the complexity of the sources. A second limitation may arise from the beam combination scheme. Comparing already available solutions, we show that the so called hypertelescope mode (or densified pupil) is ideal. By adjusting the direct imaging field of view to the useful field of view offered by the array, the hypertelescope makes an optimal use of the collected photons. It optimizes signal to noise ratio, drastically improves the luminosity of images and makes the interferometer compatible with coronagraphy, without inducing any loss of useful field of view.

  10. California’s Energy Future: The View to 2050 - Summary Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Christopher

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    carbon capture and storage, especially as a technology thatCarbon capture and sequestration CCST California Council on Science and Technologytechnology California’s Energy Future - The View to 2050 becomes available. ? ? Fossil fuel with carbon capture

  11. Improving Usability of Interactive Graphics Specification and Implementation with Picking Views

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Improving Usability of Interactive Graphics Specification and Implementation with Picking Views.conversy@enac.fr Abstract-- Specifying and programming graphical interactions are difficult tasks, notably because designers architecture improves the usability of the specification and the implementation of graphical interaction

  12. Appendix A Organizational Charts UT System Administration Table of Organization can be viewed at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Yan

    85 Appendix A ­ Organizational Charts UT System Administration Table of Organization can be viewed can be found at www.uthsc.edu/administration/. An Organizational Chart for UTHSC is shown below. #12

  13. Wind Energy Facilities and Residential Properties: The Effect of Proximity and View on Sales Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoen, Ben

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    impacts of wind energy facilities on the sales prices ofprices were affected by views of and proximity to wind energyprices, and locations in electronic form from local assessors; and (3) the representativeness of the types of wind energy

  14. CONTENT-BASED 3D OBJECT RETRIEVAL USING 2D VIEWS Thibault Napoleon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sahbi, Hichem

    CONTENT-BASED 3D OBJECT RETRIEVAL USING 2D VIEWS Thibault Napol´eon TELECOM ParisTech, CNRS UMR 5141 46 rue Barrault 75013 Paris, France napoleon@telecom-paristech.fr Hichem Sahbi CNRS UMR 5141

  15. Ecology in Africa: a view from the past for informing the future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martins, Dino J.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    reviews ISSN 1948?6596  Ecology in Africa: a view from the the future  African Ecology – Benchmarks and Historical s  role  in  shaping  the  ecology  of  Africa…”.   These 

  16. UFilter: A Lightweight XML View Update Checker Ling Wang, Elke A. Rundensteiner and Murali Mani

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    U­Filter: A Lightweight XML View Update Checker Ling Wang, Elke A. Rundensteiner and Murali Mani 1997 year Simon & Schuster Inc. A02 Prentice­Hall Inc. B01 McGraw­Hill

  17. Automated Deduction: A Technological Point of View Peter Baumgartner, Ingo Dahn, Jrgen Dix, Ulrich Furbach,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baumgartner, Peter

    1 Automated Deduction: A Technological Point of View Peter Baumgartner, Ingo Dahn, Jürgen Dix called ILF, developed by I. Dahn within the German focus program on Deduction, was able to translate

  18. Cellulosic Biofuels: Expert Views on Prospects for Advancement and Jeffrey Keisler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Cellulosic Biofuels: Expert Views on Prospects for Advancement Erin Baker and Jeffrey Keisler funding and the likelihood of achieving advances in cellulosic biofuel technologies. While in collecting more information on this technology. Keywords: Biofuels; Technology R&D; Uncertainty

  19. Lifecycle Environments: A Retrospective View of the Contributions of Leon J.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Lifecycle Environments: A Retrospective View of the Contributions of Leon J. Osterweil Lori A@cs.umass.edu Abstract Throughout his career, Leon Osterweil has made significant contribu- tions that have impacted

  20. U.S. Science Journalists' Views and Uses of Online Reader Comments: A Qualitative Study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaefer, Mary Elizabeth

    2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

    publications also provide insight into how some journalists view comments. In an article on the Nieman Reports website, an NPR ombudsman recounts some of her experiences with comments, which have consisted largely of personal attacks, and addresses issues...

  1. Computing point-of-view : modeling and simulating judgments of taste

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Xinyu Hugo, 1979-

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    People have rich points-of-view that afford them the ability to judge the aesthetics of people, things, and everyday happenstance; yet viewpoint has an ineffable quality that is hard to articulate in words, let alone capture ...

  2. Negotiating authenticity: a negotiated order study of Valley View Summer Camp

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Free, Rebecca J

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the negotiated order of Valley View's summer camp from June 1998 until August 1998. Economic needs, organizational growth, the increasing violent behavior of children, and the mission and history of the camp were aspects of the structural context impacting...

  3. TerraView Plugins HowTo Revision date 12/12/2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    View plugin structure uses a plugin layer library called LibSLP ( see SPL web site5 for reference files (.pro) by using the QT tool called "qmake". Check QT web site for reference. BASE.PRO BASE

  4. GPU-based Scalable Volumetric Reconstruction for Multi-view Stereo

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, H; Duchaineau, M; Max, N

    2011-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a new scalable volumetric reconstruction algorithm for multi-view stereo using a graphics processing unit (GPU). It is an effectively parallelized GPU algorithm that simultaneously uses a large number of GPU threads, each of which performs voxel carving, in order to integrate depth maps with images from multiple views. Each depth map, triangulated from pair-wise semi-dense correspondences, represents a view-dependent surface of the scene. This algorithm also provides scalability for large-scale scene reconstruction in a high resolution voxel grid by utilizing streaming and parallel computation. The output is a photo-realistic 3D scene model in a volumetric or point-based representation. We demonstrate the effectiveness and the speed of our algorithm with a synthetic scene and real urban/outdoor scenes. Our method can also be integrated with existing multi-view stereo algorithms such as PMVS2 to fill holes or gaps in textureless regions.

  5. Intrinsic modulation of ENSO predictability viewed through a local Lyapunov lens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wittenberg, Andrew

    Intrinsic modulation of ENSO predictability viewed through a local Lyapunov lens Christina magnitude, frequency, and physical evolution. Local Lyapunov exponents (LLEs) estimated from the monthly Predictability Á Local Lyapunov exponents 1 Introduction The limits of predictability of the state

  6. 176 nature nanotechnology | VOL 5 | MARCH 2010 | www.nature.com/naturenanotechnology news & views

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buratto, Steve

    176 nature nanotechnology | VOL 5 | MARCH 2010 | www.nature.com/naturenanotechnology news & views P humidity. Writing in Nature Nanotechnology, Saeed Moghaddam, Mark Shannon and colleagues1 at the University

  7. Lateral flow devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mazumdar, Debapriya (Urbana, IL); Liu, Juewen (Urbana, IL); Lu, Yi (Champaign, IL)

    2010-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    An analytical test for an analyte comprises (a) a base, having a reaction area and a visualization area, (b) a capture species, on the base in the visualization area, comprising nucleic acid, and (c) analysis chemistry reagents, on the base in the reaction area. The analysis chemistry reagents comprise (i) a substrate comprising nucleic acid and a first label, and (ii) a reactor comprising nucleic acid. The analysis chemistry reagents can react with a sample comprising the analyte and water, to produce a visualization species comprising nucleic acid and the first label, and the capture species can bind the visualization species.

  8. INVESTIGATION OF ACCIDENTS AND SHARING INFORMATION : AN EXPERT POINT OF VIEW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    in explosive factories. Later, accidents were reported in flour mills (end of 18th Century), in mines (coal of plant design and Operation including human factor, management and maintenance · at competent authorities and make detailed data available. The Directory ofexisting databases prepared by ESReDA could be considered

  9. Enhanced spin signals due to native oxide formation in Ni{sub 80}Fe{sub 20}/Ag lateral spin valves.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mihajlovic, G.; Schreiber, D. K.; Liu, Y.; Pearson, J. E.; Bader, S. D.; Petford-Long, A. K.; Hoffmann, A.; Northwestern Univ.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Large nonlocal spin valve signals are reported in mesoscopic Ni{sub 80}Fe{sub 20}/Ag lateral spin valves upon exposing them to air. Magnetotransport measurements combined with transmission electron microscopy show that the formation of a native oxide layer at the Ni{sub 80}Fe{sub 20}/Ag interface is responsible for the large signals. The results indicate that lateral spin valves with superior performance to those based on high-resistance tunnel barriers can be achieved via controllable growth of native permalloy oxides.

  10. The influence of soil consistency on the location and magnitude of induced strains in cast-in-place concrete piles subjected to lateral loads 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cuneo, Victor N

    1956-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    procedure used was similar to that described by Lambe. . The average unconfined com- pression test results ?re given in Table 3. The unconfined compression strengths varied from about 1042 pounds per square foot for the soil at 24 per cent moisture... as measured by the unconfined compression test). Other factors, which will be mentioned later, must also be con- sidered for a complete analysis of the lateral load prob- The work carried out in this study is a portion of Research Project 4 currently being...

  11. Field of view extension and truncation correction for MR-based human attenuation correction in simultaneous MR/PET imaging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blumhagen, Jan O., E-mail: janole.blumhagen@siemens.com; Ladebeck, Ralf; Fenchel, Matthias [Magnetic Resonance, Siemens AG Healthcare Sector, Erlangen 91052 (Germany)] [Magnetic Resonance, Siemens AG Healthcare Sector, Erlangen 91052 (Germany); Braun, Harald; Quick, Harald H. [Institute of Medical Physics, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen 91052 (Germany)] [Institute of Medical Physics, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen 91052 (Germany); Faul, David [Siemens Medical Solutions, New York, New York 10015 (United States)] [Siemens Medical Solutions, New York, New York 10015 (United States); Scheffler, Klaus [MRC Department, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Tübingen 72076, Germany and Department of Biomedical Magnetic Resonance, University Hospital Tübingen, Tübingen 72076 (Germany)] [MRC Department, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Tübingen 72076, Germany and Department of Biomedical Magnetic Resonance, University Hospital Tübingen, Tübingen 72076 (Germany)

    2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: In quantitative PET imaging, it is critical to accurately measure and compensate for the attenuation of the photons absorbed in the tissue. While in PET/CT the linear attenuation coefficients can be easily determined from a low-dose CT-based transmission scan, in whole-body MR/PET the computation of the linear attenuation coefficients is based on the MR data. However, a constraint of the MR-based attenuation correction (AC) is the MR-inherent field-of-view (FoV) limitation due to static magnetic field (B{sub 0}) inhomogeneities and gradient nonlinearities. Therefore, the MR-based human AC map may be truncated or geometrically distorted toward the edges of the FoV and, consequently, the PET reconstruction with MR-based AC may be biased. This is especially of impact laterally where the patient arms rest beside the body and are not fully considered. Methods: A method is proposed to extend the MR FoV by determining an optimal readout gradient field which locally compensates B{sub 0} inhomogeneities and gradient nonlinearities. This technique was used to reduce truncation in AC maps of 12 patients, and the impact on the PET quantification was analyzed and compared to truncated data without applying the FoV extension and additionally to an established approach of PET-based FoV extension. Results: The truncation artifacts in the MR-based AC maps were successfully reduced in all patients, and the mean body volume was thereby increased by 5.4%. In some cases large patient-dependent changes in SUV of up to 30% were observed in individual lesions when compared to the standard truncated attenuation map. Conclusions: The proposed technique successfully extends the MR FoV in MR-based attenuation correction and shows an improvement of PET quantification in whole-body MR/PET hybrid imaging. In comparison to the PET-based completion of the truncated body contour, the proposed method is also applicable to specialized PET tracers with little uptake in the arms and might reduce the computation time by obviating the need for iterative calculations of the PET emission data beyond those required for reconstructing images.

  12. New Markov Model Approaches to Deciphering Microbial Genome Function and Evolution: Comparative Genomics of Laterally Transferred Genes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Borodovsky, M.

    2013-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Algorithmic methods for gene prediction have been developed and successfully applied to many different prokaryotic genome sequences. As the set of genes in a particular genome is not homogeneous with respect to DNA sequence composition features, the GeneMark.hmm program utilizes two Markov models representing distinct classes of protein coding genes denoted "typical" and "atypical". Atypical genes are those whose DNA features deviate significantly from those classified as typical and they represent approximately 10% of any given genome. In addition to the inherent interest of more accurately predicting genes, the atypical status of these genes may also reflect their separate evolutionary ancestry from other genes in that genome. We hypothesize that atypical genes are largely comprised of those genes that have been relatively recently acquired through lateral gene transfer (LGT). If so, what fraction of atypical genes are such bona fide LGTs? We have made atypical gene predictions for all fully completed prokaryotic genomes; we have been able to compare these results to other "surrogate" methods of LGT prediction.

  13. Remote Viewing End Effectors for Light Duty Utility Arm Robot (U)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heckendorn, F.M. [Westinghouse Savannah River Company, AIKEN, SC (United States); Robinson, C.W.; Haynes, H.B.; Anderosn, E.K.; Pardini, A.F. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)

    1996-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The Robotics Development Groups at the Savannah River Site (SRS) and at the Hanford site have developed remote video and photography systems for deployment in underground radioactive-waste storage tanks at the Department of Energy (DOE) sites as a part of the Office of Science and Technology (OST) program within DOE. Viewing and documenting the tank interiors and their associated annular spaces is an extremely valuable tool in characterizing their condition and contents and in controlling their remediation. Several specialized video/photography systems and robotic End Effectors have been fabricated that provide remote viewing and lighting. All are remotely deployable into and out of the tank, with all viewing functions remotely operated. Positioning all control components away from the facility prevents the potential for personnel exposure to radiation and contamination. Only the remote video systems are discussed in this paper.

  14. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRON DEVICES, VOL. 48, NO. 12, DECEMBER 2001 2695 A New 4H-SiC Lateral Merged Double Schottky

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, M. Jagadesh

    of the proposed lateral device utilizes the trenches filled with a high barrier Schottky (HBS) metal to pinch off is with the Centre for Applied Research in Electronics, Indian Insti- tute of Technology, New Delhi-110 016, India. M. J. Kumar is with the Department of Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi

  15. Dissociations of the Medial and Lateral Perforant Path Projections Into Dorsal DG, CA3, and CA1 for Spatial and Nonspatial (Visual Object)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Anthony

    -amino-5-phosphonovaleric acid (APV) infusions, whereas lateral perforant path plasticity can be attenuated by naloxone infusions. The present experiment was designed to evaluate the role of each entorhinal) changes in the overall configuration of environmental stimuli. Dorsal dentate gyrus infusions of either

  16. High-pressure sound velocities and elasticity of aluminous MgSiO3 perovskite to 45 GPa: Implications for lateral heterogeneity in Earth's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Jennifer M.

    High-pressure sound velocities and elasticity of aluminous MgSiO3 perovskite to 45 GPa lateral variations of seismic wave speeds in Earth's lower mantle are due at least in part to a chemical, J. M., J. Zhang, J. Shu, S. V. Sinogeikin, and J. D. Bass (2005), High-pressure sound velocities

  17. Title: Refreshable tactile graphics using a lateral skin deformation device Author(s): Levesque V.1, Hayward V.1, Petit G.2, Dufresne A.2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayward, Vincent

    Title: Refreshable tactile graphics using a lateral skin deformation device Author(s): Levesque V.1: Tactile graphics are useful to convey spatial information and concepts to visually impaired persons with maps, mathematical diagrams and other types of illustrations. Unfortunately, tactile graphics

  18. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH: SPACE PHYSICS, VOL. 118, 77837797, doi:10.1002/2013JA019337, 2013 Extended lateral heating of the nighttime ionosphere by ground-based

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    experiments are performed with the 21.4 kHz, 424 kW VLF transmitter NPM in Lualualei, Hawaii, and physical effects of the NPM transmissions are studied with a subionospherically propagating VLF probe signal but rather appear to be the result of scattering from extended lateral heating of the ionosphere by the NPM

  19. Impact of early versus later fluoroquinolone treatment on the clinical, microbiological and resistance outcomes in a mouse-lung model of Pasteurella multocida infection.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , for a given marbofloxacin dose, the clinical and bacteriological outcomes were better, and the selectionImpact of early versus later fluoroquinolone treatment on the clinical, microbiological and resistance outcomes in a mouse-lung model of Pasteurella multocida infection. Aude A. Ferran, Pierre

  20. The BP Oil Spill: One Year Later College Station, September 19 The Mosbacher Institute brought together an expert panel to discuss

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boas, Harold P.

    The BP Oil Spill: One Year Later College Station, September 19 ­ The Mosbacher Institute brought at the Macondo oil well last year. The panel spoke to an audience of some 70 faculty and students at the Bush for the discussion, Jim Griffin reminded the audience that the oil spill that began on April 20, 2010 is the largest

  1. 36. Ferrante P, Westarp ME, Mancuso R, et al. HTLV tax-rex DNA and antibodies in idiopathic amyotrophic lateral sclero-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koch, Christof

    and lower motor neuron disease in wild mice: natural history, pathogenesis and ge- netic resistance. Adv death in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Trends Neurosci 1993;16:3­4. Neural correlates of attention dependent signal changes) in some regions compared with control subjects while performing the same tasks

  2. "A force illegible": A study of Emily Dickinson's view of God

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Margaret Henderson

    1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    "A FORCE ILLEGIBLE": A STUDY OF EMILY DICKINSON'S VIEW OF GOD A Thesis by MARGARET HENDERSON THOMPSON Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AErM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS... December 1970 Major Subject: English "A FORCE ILLEGIBI v": A STUDY OF EMILY DICKINSON'S VIEW OF GOD A Thesis by MARGARET HENDERSON THOMPSON Approved as to style and content by: ~Ai'-&~ ei . ~ --~, (y~. g" ~z-7& j a1rman 0 omml. ttee Hea o...

  3. Television Viewing, Walking Speed and Grip Strength in a Prospective Cohort Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keevil, Victoria L.; Wijndaele, Katrien; Luben, Robert; Sayer, Avan A.; Wareham, Nicholas J.; Khaw, Kay-Tee

    2014-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

    , strong and consistent associations between grip strength and TV viewing time were not observed. Isometric muscle strength encapsulates only one aspect of muscle func- tion, and low performance may be present without low strength or vice versa, a concept... for age, physical activity, anthropome- try, wealth, comorbidity, smoking, and alcohol intake and combined if no sex–TV viewing time interactions were identified. Results: Men and women who watched the least TV at the 2HC or 3HC walked at a faster usual...

  4. Working Towards Reform in Mathematics Education: Parents', Teachers', and Students' Views of "Different"1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Civil, Marta

    Working Towards Reform in Mathematics Education: Parents', Teachers', and Students' Views presented at the ACCLAIM Research Symposium 3, Mathematics Education: Reform and Resistance;2 This essay is a reflection on several aspects related to my encounters with the concept of reform

  5. The Universe Viewed in Gamma-Rays 1 Concept of new gamma ray detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enomoto, Ryoji

    a sensitivity of a detector at TeV gamma ray range. This method was used for a non-imaging detector as XrayThe Universe Viewed in Gamma-Rays 1 Concept of new gamma ray detector Satoko Osone Institute Abstract We present a concept of a new gamma ray detector in order to observe undetected TeV gamma ray

  6. 44 (2007-5) Fig.1 Exploded view of a radial-flow-type combustor.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kasagi, Nobuhide

    44 (2007-5) Fig.1 Exploded view of a radial-flow-type combustor. On Catalyst Deployment for Uniform Temperature Distribution in Micro Ceramic Combustor * Takashi OKAMASA, Yuji SUZUKI and Nobuhide KASAGI catalytic combustor using high-precision ceramic tape-casting technology for micro thermophotovoltaic system

  7. New Dimensions of Visual Landscape Assessment Wildlands Management for Wildlife Viewing1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Standiford, Richard B.

    preservation and other activities associated with traditional game management. Fortunately, much of the knowledge and techniques developed for game #12;management can be transferred to considerations of wildlifeNew Dimensions of Visual Landscape Assessment Wildlands Management for Wildlife Viewing1 Tamsie

  8. Message-embedding from a control-theoretical point of view

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Message-embedding from a control-theoretical point of view Gilles Mill´erioux1 , Jos´e Mar´ia Amig emphasis on one of the most attractive schemes, namely, message-embedding. The main conclusion can be stated as fol- lows: a message-embedded cryptosystem is equivalent to a conventional self

  9. Acid rain-the GEGB view G. D. HowellsandA. S. Kallend

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Short, Daniel

    Acid rain-the GEGB view G. D. HowellsandA. S. Kallend The article by John Franks (CJ'ern. -B conceh wirh acid rain follows thal policy In 1972.when Swedenput hs Case study on acid tain ro rhe United.Leatherhead,Sury Kr22 7SE. to acid rain,which does not justify th6 conlidenceshown by Franks. 'Acid in

  10. Multi-view Rendering using GPU for 3-D Displays Francois de Sorbier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Multi-view Rendering using GPU for 3-D Displays Franc¸ois de Sorbier Graduate School of Science content for stereoscopic and auto-stereoscopic displays requires to render a scene several times from slightly different viewpoints. In that case, maintaining real-time rendering can be a difficult goal

  11. Nuclear Waste Disposal: An Independent View of the Big Picture and a Proposal for CARD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    1 Nuclear Waste Disposal: An Independent View of the Big Picture and a Proposal for CARD Presented to isolate nuclear waste successfully from the biosphere for the long term can be developed if our society to this impasse? In the 1940's at the beginning of the nuclear age, nuclear waste was seen as a "problem" only

  12. NEWS & VIEWS nature physics | VOL 3 | MARCH 2007 | www.nature.com/naturephysics 145

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eggers, Jens

    by wetting -- the tendency of the liquid to spread on a material. Specifically, the critical speed that the flow, as viewed macroscopically, consists of a film of liquid racing along the upper surface of the sphere to close the void, and thus to produce a `plop'. Indeed, significant sound production depends

  13. Critical issues and current views on teaching basic circuits and systems in electrical engineering education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    education Joos Vandewalle Department of Electrical Engineering (ESAT) Katholieke Universiteit Leuven B-3001, its impact in the electrical engineering education and in order to increase the intrinsic interestCritical issues and current views on teaching basic circuits and systems in electrical engineering

  14. Reduced form electricity spot price modeling with a view towards spike risk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerkmann, Ralf

    Reduced form electricity spot price modeling with a view towards spike risk Prof. Dr. Meyer. Februar 2010, 16:15 Uhr Seminarraum, Ludwigstraße 33 I The recent deregulation of electricity markets has led to the creation of energy exchanges, where the electricity is freely traded. We study the most

  15. Cauchy transforms of measures viewed as some functionals of Fourier transforms #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jurek, Zbigniew J.

    Cauchy transforms of measures viewed as some functionals of Fourier transforms # Zbigniew J. Jurek Urbanik ABSTRACT. The Cauchy transform of a positive measure plays an impor­ tant role in complex analysis and more recently in so­called free probability. We show here that the Cauchy transform restricted

  16. Cauchy transforms of measures viewed as some functionals of Fourier transforms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jurek, Zbigniew J.

    Cauchy transforms of measures viewed as some functionals of Fourier transforms Zbigniew J. Jurek Urbanik ABSTRACT. The Cauchy transform of a positive measure plays an impor- tant role in complex analysis and more recently in so-called free probability. We show here that the Cauchy transform restricted

  17. P2P Views Over Annotated Documents Konstantinos Karanasos, Ioana Manolescu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . Publication of such resources is inherently distributed. One could consider up- loading all published content] and social networks' tagging are among the most common methods to express annotations. Here, we designate and annotations. At the core of content sharing in AnnoVIP stand materialized views over the whole network content

  18. The Potential for Scholarly Online Books: Views from the Columbia University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Potential for Scholarly Online Books: Views from the Columbia University Online Books Evaluation Project* Mary Summerfield, Carol Mandel, and Paul Kantor The Columbia University Online Books Project, Columbia University: Final Report and many other reports and papers, including the re- search

  19. Replacement policies for shared caches on symmetric multicores : a programmer-centric point of view

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Replacement policies for shared caches on symmetric multicores : a programmer-centric point of view-cache replacement policy can be modified for self- performance to be meaningful. Categories and Subject Descriptors multicore processor, quality of service, self-per- formance, shared cache, replacement policy, memory band

  20. Distributed Energy Resources and Control: A power system point of view

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Distributed Energy Resources and Control: A power system point of view Oliver Gehrke, Stephanie. This paper gives an overview of the changes that the power system is undergoing and how these affect started in the early 1970s [1], many new tasks have been added to the workload of the power system

  1. PS3060: Perception and Action (L.2) A view from the cockpit of a fly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zanker, Johannes M.

    PS3060: Perception and Action (L.2) A view from the cockpit of a fly ­ the ecology of navigation · landmark navigation ... a universal problem ... !! perception and action !! the ecological approach perception : · perception happens in an ecological context: surfaces offer much more information than

  2. CSVT 05-03-17 1 4D Wavelet-Based Multi-view Video Coding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Jianfei

    ) unify the view and temporal decompositions as a generic lifting transform. Secondly, an adaptive coding, high dimensional wavelet, lifting, global and local motion alignment. I. INTRODUCTION wide-viewpoint television, 3D television, immersive teleconference, surveillance, etc, are emerging. The existing

  3. Promoting the Benefits of Geospatial Data and Applications NebraskaView

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

    Promoting the Benefits of Geospatial Data and Applications NebraskaView Center for Advanced Land-Lincoln Geospatial Information for Nebraska Since the early 1970's, billions of dollars have been spent by the federal government and private sector on satellite-based earth observing systems. Hundreds of geospatial

  4. 3D Reconstruction of the Femoral Bone using two X-ray Images from Orthogonal Views

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    3D Reconstruction of the Femoral Bone using two X-ray Images from Orthogonal Views B. Nikkhahe of the femur and 97 % of the model femur shaft less than 2 mm from the CT scan. Also the femoral head visualization of the femur including the femoral collumn and condyles is important for the clinician in a number

  5. Transmission System Expansion Plans in View Point of Deterministic, Probabilistic and Security Reliability Criteria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Transmission System Expansion Plans in View Point of Deterministic, Probabilistic and Security control system as well as reasonable strength of grid originally. Because investment for power system the stability, and dynamic characteristics of the new system. A main reason of the separated work process

  6. Multiple Exciton Coherence Sizes in Photosynthetic Antenna Complexes viewed by Pump-Probe Spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukamel, Shaul

    Multiple Exciton Coherence Sizes in Photosynthetic Antenna Complexes viewed by Pump, 1996X The pump-probe signal from the light-harvesting antenna LH2 of purple bacteria is analyzed using absorption,4,5 pump-probe,11-16 and three pulse echoes.8,17 These measurements show ultrafast energy transfer

  7. Estimating amenity values of street trees and woodland views: a methodological review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of spatial valuation methods. The review revealed a paucity of nationwide or large-scale valuations of street, and on trade-offs and synergies in ecosystem service provision. Objectives This research aimed to: m review methods and approaches to valuing amenity street trees and woodland views ­ and greenspace generally

  8. You are here: Home / News / 3D view of 1D nanostructures More services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Espinosa, Horacio D.

    properties The nanowire battery Hybrid energy storage device is as small as it can possibly get ResearchersYou are here: Home / News / 3D view of 1D nanostructures Share More services Related LinksD nanostructures 09 January 2012 Nanowires show strong piezoelectricity Just 100 nanometers

  9. Optic for industrial endoscope/borescope with narrow field of view and low distortion

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stone, Gary F.; Trebes, James E.

    2005-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    An optic for the imaging optics on the distal end of a flexible fiberoptic endoscope or rigid borescope inspection tool. The image coverage is over a narrow (<20 degrees) field of view with very low optical distortion (<5% pin cushion or barrel distortion), compared to the typical <20% distortion. The optic will permit non-contact surface roughness measurements using optical techniques. This optic will permit simultaneous collection of selected image plane data, which data can then be subsequently optically processed. The image analysis will yield non-contact surface topology data for inspection where access to the surface does not permit a mechanical styles profilometer verification of surface topology. The optic allows a very broad spectral band or range of optical inspection. It is capable of spectroscopic imaging and fluorescence induced imaging when a scanning illumination source is used. The total viewing angle for this optic is 10 degrees for the full field of view of 10 degrees, compared to 40-70 degrees full angle field of view of the conventional gradient index or GRIN's lens systems.

  10. What if Extinction is Not Forever? A Molecular Paleontologist's View of De-extinction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Archibald, S. Bruce

    want extinct animals to be brought back? Where would a de-extinct species end up living? How would its in response to major climate changes in the past, and why some species go extinct while others persistWhat if Extinction is Not Forever? A Molecular Paleontologist's View of De-extinction Presented

  11. Multiple Coordinated Views for Network Attack Graphs Steven Noel Michael Jacobs Pramod Kalapa Sushil Jajodia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noel, Steven

    Multiple Coordinated Views for Network Attack Graphs Steven Noel Michael Jacobs Pramod Kalapa graph-based representations have been developed for modeling combinations of low-level network attacks, relatively little attention has been paid to effective techniques for visualizing such attack graphs

  12. Articulated Mesh Animation from Multi-view Silhouettes Daniel Vlasic Ilya Baran Wojciech Matusik

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Popovic, Jovan

    , and deformation model learning. CR Categories: I.3.7 [Computer Graphics]: Three Dimensional Graphics and Realism--AnimationArticulated Mesh Animation from Multi-view Silhouettes Daniel Vlasic Ilya Baran Wojciech Matusik Institute of Technology Abstract Details in mesh animations are difficult to generate but they have great

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    Toole, T. Michael

    page 1 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION: A VIEW OF LARGE CONTRACTORS1 T. Michael Toole, Member of technological innovations is whether diffusion is driven more by technology-push than by demand-pull mechanisms is to broaden the perspective on information technology (IT) innovation presented here at the congress

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    Chen, Peng

    NATURE CHEMISTRY | VOL 3 | NOVEMBER 2011 | www.nature.com/naturechemistry 839 news & views such as gasoline. The efficiency of FCC depends largely on catalysts. To improve the performance of these catalysts are inadequate for probing their catalytic performance. Now, writing in Nature Chemistry, Weckhuysen and co

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    Long, David G.

    WindSat Polarimetric View of Greenland 1 Li Li, 1 Peter Gaiser and 1 Elizabeth Twarog 1 Remote and observation geometry signatures, particularly over Greenland and Antarctic where the signatures are related-polarimetric microwavr radiometry; WindSat; snow; Greenland I. INTRODUCTION WindSat, launched in January 2003

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    Long, David G.

    SeaWinds views Greenland Ivan S. Ashcraft and David G. Long Brigham Young University, MERS facies in Greenland. The duration of the summer melt over the Greenland ice sheet is calculated using backscatter images of Greenland are produced to investigate diurnal varia- tions in backscatter measurements

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    Delson, Eric

    News and Views Conference Report: Paleoanthropology of the Mani Peninsula (Greece) K. Harvati & E in Athens and Areopolis, Greece, on the Paleoanthropol- ogy of the Mani Peninsula. The conference publication outside Greece is a short article on forensic implications of damage to one cranium (Coutselinis

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    Saskatchewan, University of

    A multi-display viewing station that increases productivity and saves space Conserve desk space) per monitor · Low-profile base saves desk space · Durable aluminum and steel construction creates that are VESA® MIS-D, 100/75, C compliant · Five-year warranty Product Sheet Space-saving desk stands Ergotron

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    Gea-Banacloche, Julio

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    Gea-Banacloche, Julio

    God and the human experience A physicist's case for a theistic world view Julio Gea-Banacloche 1 and--possibly--relate to that reality, by considering the various aspects of our (human beings') experience of existence. For convenience (but also with an ulterior theological purpose in mind