National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for late 19th century

  1. Supplementary material for "Economically irrational pricing of 19th century British government bonds"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Odlyzko, Andrew M.

    extensions to the research reported here. Tables with price data utilized in both this and the mainSupplementary material for "Economically irrational pricing of 19th century British government a variety of materials supplementing the paper "Economically irrational pricing of 19th century British

  2. Adaptation to Climate Change: Evidence from 18th and 19th Century Iceland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenthal, Jeffrey S.

    to resources and technology. The effect of climate change on human populations can be explored from many anglesAdaptation to Climate Change: Evidence from 18th and 19th Century Iceland § Matthew A. Turner: We investigate the effect of climate change on population growth in 18th and 19th century Iceland. We

  3. Industrialization in the late 19th Century --up through WWII

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    · Migration #12;Population Size 2004 · Latin America & Caribbean ~ 540 m · USA ~ 292 m · World ~ 6,315 m · Caribbean ~ 38 m · Central America (with Mexico) ~ 144 m · Mexico ~ 105 m · South America (with Brazil ~ 358 m) · Brazil ~ 177 m · Mexico + Brazil ~ 282 m (> ½ of LA) #12;Demography: Growth related · Rate

  4. Computerisation of a corpus of personal correspondence spanning the 19th and 20th centuries: the study of linguistic variation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perea, Maria-Pilar

    2010-01-01

    —??132??— Computerisation of a corpus of personal correspondence spanning the 19th and 20th centuries: the study of linguistic variation Maria-pilar perea Universitat de Barcelona, Departament de Filologia Catalana, Gran Via de les Corts...??— Computerisation of a corpus of personal correspondence spanning … 1 Introduction The CD-ROM “Epistolari d’Antoni M. Alcover (1880–1931)” [Antoni M. Al- cover’s correspondence], published in 2008, contains the complete transcrip- tion of the Majorcan dialectologist...

  5. Imagining the Modern: An Occidentalist Perception and Representation of Farangi Architecture and Urbanism in 19th-Century Persian Travel Diaries 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vahdat Zad, Vahid

    2014-06-04

    This study explores the inception of modernity in Iran by examining how the built environment was perceived and represented by Iranian travelers visiting Europe in the mid-19th century. Recent scholarship on modernity ...

  6. INTRODUCTION Since the end of the 19th century, there has been a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrett, Spencer C.H.

    relied on their distribution pat- terns (Chodat & Pampanini, 1902; Briquet, 1906; Brock- mann proposed more than a century ago (Chodat & Pampanini, 1902; Briquet, 1906). The Grajic, Cottic and Lepontic

  7. 19th Century Ballot Reform in California: A Study of the Huntington Library's Political Ephemera Collection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodrich, Melanie

    2008-11-30

    Ballot reform is an important part of the American political process. During the 1800’s, ballots changed drastically. At the beginning of the century, voters wrote the names of the candidates for whom they wished to vote ...

  8. 21H.433 The Age of Reason: Europe in the 18th and 19th Centuries, Spring 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ravel, Jeffrey S.

    A study of the evolution of European society from the end of the seventeenth century to the outbreak of World War I. Its politics, the nature of its social system, the workings of its economy, and its intellectual ...

  9. Finding Scotland - An Android application to analyse historical change from 19th century until today for Scotland 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Devra, Astha

    2011-01-01

    Historical Maps are the sources of geographical information of a place at a given period of time. They are highly useful documents which pictorially displays the topography of a place. Beyond 18th century maps are highly ...

  10. The evolution of decorative work on English men-of-war from the 16th to the 19th centuries 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steere, Alisa Michele

    2005-08-29

    ...................................... 29 15 The Stern of the St. Michael (1669) ........................................................ 31 16 Stern of an English 80-Gun Ship Circa 1695 ......................................... 34 17 Stern Details of Britannia (circa 1700... for the sailors by being hung along the rail, with spaces left between them to accommodate the muzzles of the ships? guns. By the end of the 16th century decorated cloth was used to replace the shields (Howard 1979:61). Figure 3, an illustration from...

  11. Present Shock in Late Fifth-century Greece

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Purves, AC

    2012-01-01

    in Late Fifth-century Greece. Pp. xii + 239 . Ann Arbor :in ? fth-century BCE Greece, teasing out the diversity ofprose in ? fth-century BCE Greece’ (p. 12). As for the ? rst

  12. Uneconomic Factors in 19th Century Economic Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kiernan, Victor

    1989-01-01

    being in part by way of feudalism riaaamoifinrunm—of theadmixtures either of feudalism or of the petty bourgeoisie,There had been a Utopian feudalism, with its fantasy of

  13. 1. Off to East London! Will be tweeting again on Tuesday Oct 26th from Johannesburg.8:06 AM Oct 19th via web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    th via web 2. Taking the new Gautrain to airport, very excited. I wish it ran later though. Late flight tomorrow night.7:59 AM Oct 19th via web 3. Orientation is our programme to introduce new foreign docs to SA ­ we manage the details! (http://bit.ly/8Z6BHJ)7:52 AM Oct 19th via web 4. Reviewing new

  14. Climate Change: Sources of Warming in the Late 20th Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerald E. Marsh

    2009-05-28

    The role of the North Atlantic Oscillation, the Pacific Decadal Oscillation, volcanic and other aerosols, as well as the extraordinary solar activity of the late 20th century are discussed in the context of the warming since the mid-1970s. Much of that warming is found to be due to natural causes.

  15. CCC football match on 19th Nov 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chinese society in Cambridge; Xiaoxiao, Yan

    2005-11-26

    The 1:13 hours film is a football match between a team in a Chinese society in Cambridge named CCC and MBA team. Taken at noon of 19th Nov 2005, at Ley School Pitch. A football match or a football training is a weekly activity organised by CCC...

  16. Western Ledge Reef Wreck: The Analysis and Reconstruction of the Late 16th-Century Ship of the Spanish Empire 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bojakowski, Piotr

    2012-07-16

    The Western Ledge Reef Wreck, discovered and later excavated in Bermuda between 1989 and 1991, is a prime example of Iberian shipbuilding within a broader Atlantic context. Operating during the late 16th-century, arguably one of the most fascinating...

  17. SUMMARY REPORT OF THE DOE DIRECT LIQUEFACTION PROCESS DEVELOPMENT CAMPAIGN OF THE LATE TWENTIETH CENTURY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    F.P. Burke; S.D. Brandes; D.C. McCoy; R.A. Winschel; D. Gray; G. Tomlinson

    2001-07-01

    Following the petroleum price and supply disruptions of 1973, the U.S. government began a substantial program to fund the development of alternative fuels. Direct coal liquefaction was one of the potential routes to alternative fuels. The direct coal liquefaction program was funded at substantial levels through 1982, and at much lower levels thereafter. Those processes that were of most interest during this period were designed to produce primarily distillate fuels. By 1999, U.S. government funding for the development of direct coal liquefaction ended. Now that the end of this campaign has arrived, it is appropriate to summarize the process learnings derived from it. This report is a summary of the process learnings derived from the DOE direct coal liquefaction process development campaign of the late twentieth century. The report concentrates on those process development programs that were designed to produce primarily distillate fuels and were largely funded by DOE and its predecessors in response to the petroleum supply and price disruptions of the 1970s. The report is structured as chapters written by different authors on most of the major individual DOE-funded process development programs. The focus of the report is process learnings, as opposed to, say, fundamental coal liquefaction science or equipment design. As detailed in the overview (Chapter 2), DOE's direct coal liquefaction campaign made substantial progress in improving the process yields and the quality of the distillate product. Much of the progress was made after termination by 1983 of the major demonstration programs of the ''first generation'' (SRC-II, H-Coal, EDS) processes.

  18. High-resolution dynamically downscaled projections of precipitation in the mid and late 21st century over North America

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    none,

    2015-07-29

    This study performs high-spatial-resolution (12 km) Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) simulations over a very large domain (7200 km × 6180 km, covering much of North America) to explore changes in mean and extreme precipitation in the mid and late 21st century under Representative Concentration Pathways 4.5 (RCP 4.5) and 8.5 (RCP 8.5). We evaluate WRF model performance for a historical simulation and future projections, applying the Community Climate System Model version 4 (CCSM4) as initial and boundary conditions with and without a bias correction. WRF simulations using boundary and initial conditions from both versions of CCSM4 show smaller biasesmore »versus evaluation data sets than does CCSM4 over western North America. WRF simulations also improve spatial details of precipitation over much of North America. However, driving the WRF with the bias-corrected CCSM4 does not always reduce the bias. WRF-projected changes in precipitation include decreasing intensity over the southwestern United States, increasing intensity over the eastern United States and most of Canada, and an increase in the number of days with heavy precipitation over much of North America. Projected precipitation changes are more evident in the late 21st century than the mid 21st century, and they are more evident under RCP 8.5 than under RCP 4.5 in the late 21st century. Uncertainties in the projected changes in precipitation due to different warming scenarios are non-negligible. Differences in summer precipitation changes between WRF and CCSM4 are significant over most of the United States.« less

  19. JET Papers presented to the 17th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (Yokohama, Japan, 19th – 24th October 1998)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    JET Papers presented to the 17th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (Yokohama, Japan, 19th – 24th October 1998)

  20. "When the saints go marching in" : sadhus in democratic politics in late 20th century India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pradhan, Rajesh Kumar

    2009-01-01

    This empirical study examines the political significance of religious leaders-known commonly as sadhus-in a huge and mature democracy like India. During the late '80s and the '90s, a flurry of sadhu activism coincided with ...

  1. Fashion and the English Class System, 18th-19th Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spoljaric, Sarah

    2015-01-01

    especially in the middle class, technology of the day,simultaneously reinforced the class structure by creating athe newly emerged middle class had the ability to buy their

  2. Immigrants' Acculturation as Expressed in Architecture: 19th Century Churches and Courthouses in South Central Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morris, Jacob James

    2014-12-09

    County Courthouse, Fredericksburg ................................................ 97 Figure 19. St. Louis Catholic Church, Castroville ......................................................... 101 Figure 20. Medina County Courthouse, Castroville... of Castroville and Medina County ....................... 100 Table 15. Data collection summary for St Louis Catholic Church, Castroville, Medina County ............................................................................................... 102 Table...

  3. "Their Science, Our Values" : science, state, and society in the 19th century Ottoman Empire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yalcinkaya, Mehmet Alper

    2010-01-01

    Work: The Basic Questions 9 A. Science and14 B. Science, State and Social18 III. Ottoman Cultural Cartography: Science, Morals and

  4. "Their Science, Our Values" : science, state, and society in the 19th century Ottoman Empire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yalcinkaya, Mehmet Alper

    2010-01-01

    the “good citizen” that the Empire needed, and science andsubject/citizen who knew European sciences, it was alsoand sciences for one to qualify as the truly good Turkish citizen.

  5. 19th International Conference on Photochemical Conversion and Storage of Solar Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goddard III, William A.

    IPS-19 19th International Conference on Photochemical Conversion and Storage of Solar Energy 29@caltech.edu Prof. Harry Gray hbg@caltech.edu Prof. Jonas Peters jpeters@caltech.edu Dye-Sensitized & Polymer Solar Cells Advanced Photovoltaics Photocatalysis Solar Fuels Production Photoelectrochemistry

  6. Risk analysis update of the LHC cryogenic system following the 19th September 2008 incident

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chorowski, M; Modlinski, Z; Polinski, J; Tavian, L; Wach, J

    2011-01-01

    On 19th September 2008, during powering tests of the main dipole circuit of the Large Hadron Collider, an electrical fault occurred producing an electrical arc and resulting in mechanical and electrical damage, release of helium from the magnet cold mass to the insulation vacuum enclosure and consequently to the tunnel, via the spring-loaded relief discs on the vacuum enclosure. The pressurization of the vacuum space exceeded significantly the allowed design value. Mathematical modeling based on a thermodynamic approach has enabled the revision of the helium discharge system protecting the vacuum enclosure against the over-pressurization in case of a redefined maximum credible incident (MCI) occurrence.

  7. Everything Is a Target An interview of physicist and filmmaker PETER GALISON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galison, Peter L.

    . Bottles of mercury. He could blow glass. It was a kind of late-19th century German, or Edisonian, lab

  8. Late Antique Plague Ships: Sixth-Century C.E. Trade Routes and Their Role in Transmitting the Justinianic Plague 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kofahl, Meko

    2013-07-29

    The major European epidemic of bubonic plague in the sixth century C.E. – named for the ruling Byzantine emperor, Justinian – devastated the empire at the same time that outside pressures in the form of Goths, Vandals, ...

  9. A Review of "The Horrid Popish Plot’: Roger L’Estrange and the Circulation of Political Discourse in Late Seventeenth-Century London" by Peter Hinds 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swann, Adam

    2011-01-01

    stream_source_info Adam Swann - Hinds.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 7069 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name Adam Swann - Hinds.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 38 seventeenth...?Estrange and the Circulation of Political Discourse in Late Seventeenth-Century London. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010. xiv + 457 pp. + 37 illus. ?60.00. Review by adam swann, university of glasgow. Roger L?Estrange was arguably one of the most prominent figures...

  10. Proceedings of the 19th IAHR-APD Congress 2014, Hanoi, Vietnam ISBN xxx-xxxx-xx-x

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Proceedings of the 19th IAHR-APD Congress 2014, Hanoi, Vietnam ISBN xxx-xxxx-xx-x 1 SEASONAL EVOLUTION OF SHORELINE CHANGES IN NHA TRANG BAY, VIETNAM NGUYEN TRUNG VIET(1), NGUYEN VIET DUC(2), LE THANH(5), HITOSHI TANAKA(6) (1) Water Resources University, Hanoi, Vietnam, nguyentrungviet@wru.vn (2

  11. APS-DPP 2004, Savannah, Georgia 1 of 18T. Biewer, November 19th Edge Ion Heating by Launched High

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biewer, Theodore

    Society Division of Plasma Physics Meeting Savannah, Georgia, 2004 #12;46th APS-DPP 2004, Savannah46th APS-DPP 2004, Savannah, Georgia 1 of 18T. Biewer, November 19th , 2004 Edge Ion Heating Physics Laboratory P.M. Ryan Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the NSTX Team 46th American Physical

  12. ALS Scientists Patent Technique To Dramatically Advance Grating...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    use since the early 19th century. Developments in the late 19th century led to the manufacture of gratings by highly precise ruling with a diamond onto a metallic surface. Many...

  13. 19th Century Periodicals of Portuguese India: An Assessment of Documentary Evidence and Indo-Portuguese Identity.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pendse, Liladhar Ramchandra

    2013-01-01

    A librarian in the National Library of Portugal, Lisbon.A librarian in the National Library of Portugal, Lisbon.pública as stated by the National Library of Portugal where

  14. 19th Century Periodicals of Portuguese India: An Assessment of Documentary Evidence and Indo-Portuguese Identity.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pendse, Liladhar Ramchandra

    2013-01-01

    from India, and also the circulation statistics for theseto statistics, the population of Portuguese India in 1864India could have identified Portuguese during the 1881 census. If we look at the available statistics

  15. EOS Electronic Supplement -Plotting Early 19th Century Hurricane Information Vol. 85, No. 20, 18 May 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elsner, James B.

    [1999], Henning [1999], Roth [1998, 2000], Roth and Cobb [2001], and Prokop [2001]. These works contain

  16. Hard Rock Miners` Phthisis in 19th and Early 20th Century Britain: From Diagnosis to Compensation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mintz, Fredric

    2009-01-01

    Press. Section of Industrial Hygiene and Diseases ofp. Unknown. (1893). Industrial Hygiene. The Lancet (Dec. 23,and Unknown. (1893). Industrial Hygiene. The Lancet (Dec.

  17. Hard Rock Miners` Phthisis in 19th and Early 20th Century Britain: From Diagnosis to Compensation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mintz, Fredric

    2009-01-01

    F.R.C.P. (1903). Discussion of Miners' Phthisis. The BritishD.Sc. , F.R.C.P. (1903). Miners' Diseases discussed at thethe Transvaal, Pretoria. Gold Miners' Phthisis. The Lancet (

  18. Hard Rock Miners` Phthisis in 19th and Early 20th Century Britain: From Diagnosis to Compensation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mintz, Fredric

    2009-01-01

    Taken Before Goup "A" (Mining, Iron, Engineering, Hardware,Taken Before Group "A" (Mining, Iron, Engineering, Hardware,mining, hematite Iron-ore mining, also awaited scheduling

  19. 19th Century Periodicals of Portuguese India: An Assessment of Documentary Evidence and Indo-Portuguese Identity.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pendse, Liladhar Ramchandra

    2013-01-01

    E Noticiosos E Das Revistas Litterarias E Scientificas.and Manuela Santos. Jornais E Revistas Portugueses Do SéculoE Noticiosos E Das Revistas Litterarias E Scientificas.

  20. Demonstration of LED Retrofit Lamps at an Exhibit of 19th Century Photography at the Getty Museum

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, Naomi J.; Druzik, Jim

    2012-03-02

    This document is a report of observations and results obtained from a lighting demonstration project conducted under the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) GATEWAY Demonstration Program. The program supports demonstrations of high-performance solid-state lighting (SSL) products in order to develop empirical data and experience with in-the-field applications of this advanced lighting technology. The DOE GATEWAY Demonstration Program focuses on providing a source of independent, third-party data for use in decision-making by lighting users and professionals; this data should be considered in combination with other information relevant to the particular site and application under examination. Each GATEWAY Demonstration compares SSL products against the incumbent technologies used in that location. Depending on available information and circumstances, the SSL product may also be compared to alternate lighting technologies. Though products demonstrated in the GATEWAY program may have been prescreened for performance, DOE does not endorse any commercial product or in any way guarantee that users will achieve the same results through use of these products. This report reviews the installation and use of LED PAR38 lamps to light a collection of toned albument photographic prints at the J. Paul Getty Museum in Malibu, California. Research results provided by the Getty Conservation Institute are incorporated and discussed.

  1. Marriage - The Peculiar Institution: An Exploration of Marriage and the Women's Rights Movement in the 19th Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murray, Alexandra

    2007-01-01

    Bank, William Lloyd Garrison: 1805-1879, http://www.pbs.org/122. Women published in Garrison's Liberator, which allowedmovement progressed, Garrison and his followers advocated a

  2. Trade and the flag:integration and conflict in 19th and early 20th century deglobalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chase-Dunn, Chris; Anders Carlson; Chris Schmitt; Shoon Lio; Richard Niemeyer; Robert A. Hanneman

    2006-01-01

    network ties of Germany and Turkey (allies in World War I)China Greece Germany Denmark Italy Turkey Mexico Japan3 Greece 2 Germany 1 Denmark 1 Italy 3 Turkey 2 Mexico 3

  3. Organ ensembles : medicalization, modernity, and horror in 19th and 20th century narratives of the body in its parts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Yeesheen

    2012-01-01

    pharmaceutical markets and health care interventions rather than on wholesale population management.

  4. Borehole temperatures and a baseline for 20th-century global warming estimates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harris, R.N.; Chapman, D.S.

    1997-03-14

    Lack of a 19th-century baseline temperature against which 20th-century warming can be referenced constitutes a deficiency in understanding recent climate change. Combination of borehole temperature profiles, which contain a memory of surface temperature changes in previous centuries, with the meteorologicl archive of surface air temperatures can provide a 19th-century baseline temperature tied to the current observational record. A test case in Utah, where boreholes are interspersed with meteorological stations belonging to the Historical Climatological network, Yields a noise reduction in estimates of 20th-century warming and a baseline temperature that is 0.6{degrees} {+-} 0.1{degrees}C below the 1951 to 1970 mean temperature for the region. 22 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

  5. Aegean Seals of the Late Bronze Age: Stylistic Groups, IV. Almond-and Dot-Eye Groups of the Fifteenth Century B.C.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Younger, John G.

    1984-01-01

    ' 104-5' Add: Betts 1967 : John H. Betts, "New Light on ]Vlinoan Bureaucracy," Kadmos 6, 1967, 15-40. Masters, 1 : John H. Betts and John G. Younger, "Aegean Seals of the Late Bronze Age: Masters and Vorkshops. Introduction," Kadmos 2l' 1982, 704...-121' lvlasi-ers, 11 : John G. Younger, "Aegean Seals of the Late Bronze Age: Masters and'\\ilorkshops. The First-Generation Minoan lVlasters," Kadmos 22' 1'983' 109-736' Masters 111 : John G.Younger, "Aegean Seals of the Late Bronze Age: Masters and 'Workshops...

  6. Appears in 19th Conference on Advanced Research in VLSI, Salt Lake City, UT, March 2001 Activity-Sensitive Flip-Flop and Latch Selection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asanoviæ, Krste

    of TEs, but real designs often include many TEs that are not on the critical path. This timing slack can on non-critical timing paths for which verification is usually relatively straightforward. In this workAppears in 19th Conference on Advanced Research in VLSI, Salt Lake City, UT, March 2001 Activity

  7. International Conference on Production Research A. Kusiak, Innovation A Data-Driven of Products and Services: Bridging World's Economies, 19th

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kusiak, Andrew

    19 th International Conference on Production Research A. Kusiak, Innovation A Data, ICPR 19, Valparaiso, Chile, August 2007, pp. 1-6. INNOVATION OF PRODUCTS AND SERVICES: BRIDGING WORLD `successful innovation' only after it has been proven in market. Certainly, market failures of products

  8. 19th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference Pre-Print 4AV.1.45 QUANTUM EFFICIENCY OF CdTe SOLAR CELLS IN FORWARD BIAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sites, James R.

    19th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference Pre-Print 4AV.1.45 QUANTUM EFFICIENCY OF CdTe SOLAR CELLS IN FORWARD BIAS M. Gloeckler and J. R. Sites Department of Physics, Colorado State@lamar.colostate.edu ABSTRACT: When the quantum efficiency of a CdS/CdTe solar cell is measured under forward voltage

  9. Warfare as an Agent of Culture Change: The Archaeology of Guerrilla Warfare on the 19th Century Missouri/Kansas Border

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raab, Ann M.

    2012-05-31

    ..............................................................................53 23BT1128: The Straub Site ......................................................................54 23BT1129: The Limpus Site .....................................................................57 Conclusions... ..........................................................................................................101 Geophysical Survey .............................................................................................105 The Straub Site (23BT1128) ................................................................................110 xiii 2007 Field...

  10. Seven peasant communities in pre-industrial Europe. A comparative study of French, Italian and Swedish rural parishes (18th and early 19th century)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Todd, Emmanuel

    1976-07-29

    This dissertation is an attempt at providing comparable descriptions of the social structure of seven peasant communities in pre-industrial Europe: four French, one Italian and two Swedish. It is concerned with elements of the social structure...

  11. Demonstration Assessment of Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Retrofit Lamps at an Exhibit of 19th Century Photography at the Getty Museum

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, N. J.; Druzik, J. R.

    2012-03-01

    GATEWAY program report on a demonstration of LED retrofit lamps at the J. Paul Getty Museum in Malibu, CA.

  12. An abridged version of this paper will appear in the proceedings of the 19th ACM Conference on Computer and Communications Security, CCS 2012. ACM Press, 2012. This is the full version.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    An abridged version of this paper will appear in the proceedings of the 19th ACM Conference on Computer and Communications Security, CCS 2012. ACM Press, 2012. This is the full version. Verified

  13. New protection scheme and pressure relief-valve staging of the LHC insulation vacuum enclosure following the 19th September 2008 incident

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cruikshank, P; Perin, A; Tavian, L

    2010-01-01

    This note defines the new protection scheme and the pressure relief valve staging of the LHC insulation vacuum enclosure which has to be implemented following the 19th September 2008 incident in the Sector 3-4. This note covers all the equipment located in the arcs, dispersion suppressors, matching sections and inner-triplets, including the QRL cryogenic line. As part of the machine will not be consolidated until the long shutdown scheduled after the first LHC operation years, a temporary protection scheme is also defined allowing a safe LHC operation at reduced beam energy.

  14. 19th Annual HAZMAT Challenge

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDidDevelopmentataboutScalablePhysicist: ChristianBioEnergy 16631999

  15. Technological roots and structural implications of the double bubble at the turn of the Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perez, Carlota

    on the rapid steamships, the transcontinental railways and the transoceanic telegraph lines. The fourth surge saw the replacement of the U.K by the U.S.A as core country of what became the Age of the automobile and mass production as well as the shift... the market in the following years. A similar leap in financial transaction power occurred in the previous globalisation, in the Installation of the third surge towards the end of the 19th Century, when transcontinental telegraph and the ticker tape vastly...

  16. Brief encounter : transformation of space underneath elevated expressway through surface design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hou, Joy Chia-Yu, 1977-

    2003-01-01

    The emergence of automobile culture has significantly influenced the development of contemporary cities since the late 19th century. On the theoretical level, fascination with the concept of "mobility" can be clearly traced ...

  17. Curved spaces: Mathematics and empirical evidence, ca. 1830 1923

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scholz, Erhard

    sections: (1) Lobachevsky, (2) Gauss and his circle, (3) astronomers of the late 19th century, (4) outlook deficit in a solar system triangle formed by a base and a height approximately equal to the diameter

  18. Archaeological evidence for ship eyes: an analysis of their form and function 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nowak, Troy Joseph

    2007-09-17

    During the late 19th century, a number of large marble eyes were discovered near the Athenian naval facilities at Zea. Although initially published as the eyes of ancient Greek warships, many scholars have doubted the ...

  19. Available online at www.sciencedirect.com Diatom cell division in an environmental context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    cytokinesis combined with centrifugal cell wall neosynthesis, and the role of sex in relation to cell size. Notwithstanding, diatoms were one of the most advanced models of cell division in the late 19th century

  20. Our Relationship, My Academia: Historical and Hegemonic Implications Imbuing Academically Successful African American Women from Single-mothered Families 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Johnitha Watkins

    2013-12-04

    nurturing Mother- biological female parent who concurrently assumes maternal nurturing Negro- a late 19th century term used to define U. S. born Americans of African descent; also used as a term of reproach given its association with racial epithets...

  1. Nature of language impairment in motor neurone disease 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rewaj, Phillipa Jane

    2014-07-01

    Background: Language impairment associated with Motor Neurone Disease (MND) has been documented since the late 19th century, yet little is understood about the pervasiveness or nature of these deficits. The common clinical ...

  2. ALS Capabilities Reveal How Like Can Attract Like

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    salt-guanidinium chloride-is widely used by scientists to denature proteins for protein-folding studies. This practice dates back to the late 19th century when the Czech...

  3. Dynamic interrelationship between technology and architecture in tall buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moon, Kyoung-Sun

    2005-01-01

    The interrelationship between the technology and architecture of tall buildings is investigated from the emergence of tall buildings in the late 19th century to the present. Through the historical research, a filtering ...

  4. Bonsai imperium : plant capitalism in the U.S. and Japan, 1853-1924

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katz, Sarah R

    2012-01-01

    This thesis traces the formation of the international market for Japanese bonsai during the late 19th and early 20th centuries against the emergence of the United States and Japan as industrial, imperial nations and argues ...

  5. ALS Capabilities Reveal How Like Can Attract Like

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    whose salt-guanidinium chloride-is widely used by scientists to denature proteins for protein-folding studies. This practice dates back to the late 19th century when the Czech...

  6. Occurrence, behavior and genetic diversity of bowhead whales in the Western Sea of Okhotsk, Russia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacLean, Stephen Ahgeak

    2002-01-01

    The Okhotsk Sea (OS) stock of bowhead whales was severely reduced by commercial whaling in the late 19th century and again by illegal Soviet pelagic whaling in the 1960s. Estimates of the population prior to exploitation ...

  7. Special Publication No. 6, Subject: Nematoda and Nematode Diseases, Part 4: Supergenera, Genera, Species, and Subspecies: N-So. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doss, Mildred A.; Rayburn, Jane D.; Shaw, Judith H.; Kirby, Margie D.

    1985-01-01

    During the late 19th century, a number of large marble eyes were discovered near the Athenian naval facilities at Zea. Although initially published as the eyes of ancient Greek warships, many scholars have doubted the ...

  8. Animal madness : a natural history of disorder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Braitman, Laurel

    2013-01-01

    Beginning in the late 19 th century, changing conceptions of relatedness between people and other animals -- and animals' assumed capacities for, or susceptibilities to, mental or emotional distress-- were influenced by ...

  9. Design against nature : flooding, water supply, and public space in Los Angeles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thelander, Max William

    2012-01-01

    Starting in the late 19th century, Southern California saw the first of several waves of explosive population growth that have resulted in today's mega-region. While many early settlers were attracted by the city's famous ...

  10. Late Fourth Millennium BCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campagno, Marcelo P

    2013-01-01

    Citation: Campagno, 2013, Late Fourth Millennium BCE. UEE.Marcelo, 2013, Late Fourth Millennium BCE. In WolframII Table 1. Late fourth millennium BCE: Chronological chart.

  11. Korean S?n Buddhism in the 19th Century: Paekp'a, Ch'o?i and Buddhist-Confucian Interaction at the End of the Chos?n Dynasty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Seong-Uk

    2013-01-01

    ? T 2022.48. Chanlin sengbao chuan ????? X 1560.79. Chanyuan???????? HPC 10, 869b05. Chuan fabao ji ???? T 2838.85.????? HPC 8, 75b09. Shan nuren chuan ??? ? X 1657.88. S?n’ga

  12. 1786 Graduating with Columbia College's first class, Dewitt Clinton becomes the driving force in building the Erie Canal (181725), the largest American engineering project of the early 19th century.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bergman, Keren

    leaveadeepimprintonourworld.Theydesignandbuild sky-scrapers and long bridges, create new smart materials, manage large Bridge. Later founding the firm Steinman Engi- neers, he designs many landmark bridges throughout the U, con- sult on the Brooklyn Bridge, and lead the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). 1892

  13. China Camp's race against the tides: Predicting tidal marsh survival through comparison of project sea level rise elevations and sediment accretion rates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hannah, Whitney; Kuhn, Marlene

    2012-01-01

    upriver dams and the end of 19 th century hydraulic miningupriver dams and the end of 19 th century hydraulic mining.

  14. The development of external sanitary facilities aboard ships of the fifteenth to nineteenth centuries 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simmons, Joe J

    1985-01-01

    Centuries. (December 1985) Joe John S1mmons, III, B. A. , Southern Methodist University Chai rman of Advisory Comm1ttee: Dr. George F. Bass This thesis examines the appearance and development of seats-of-ease, roundhouses, pissdales, quarter galleries.... Stern turrets on two vessels drawn by the Master WA; late 15th century. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 Figure 13. Battlemented stern turrets on ship from Gozzoli 's The Ra e of Helen; late 15th century. 41 Figure 14. Stern of a 15th-century carrack...

  15. Modeling La Belle: Reconstruction of a seventeenth-century light frigate 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grieco, Glenn P.

    2003-01-01

    This thesis describes the construction of two models of La Belle, a light frigate constructed in France during the late seventeenth century. The archaeological remains of La Belle are important as a unique example of a little understood vessel type...

  16. Responsible Mothers and Well Born Children: Social Authorities and the Discourses of Nineteenth Century Pregnancy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barnes-Brus, Tori

    2011-02-04

    During the late nineteenth century, issues of pregnancy and reproduction were deeply political. Competing authorities converged and diverged in the ways they presented their messages regarding women's "proper place" and ...

  17. 2014 no.19. September 19th

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the ERMS project, University Records has provided feedback and advice to the ERMS Project Management Team on the design of the ERMS and the migration of legacy data. We are also working closely with the new Training Manager Lyndall Heddle on the training program for future ERMS users. On 18 August 2014, a Digitisation

  18. Transition 18th–19th dynasty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manassa Darnell, Colleen

    2015-01-01

    University in Prague. van Dijk, Jacobus 1996 Horemheb andte Velde, ed. Jacobus van Dijk, pp. 33-46. Groningen: StyxVandersleyen 1995: 479; van Dijk 1997: 39-41); although some

  19. DESY03221 19th March 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . The neutron carries a large fraction, x L > 0.2, of the incoming proton beam energy and is detected at very energy range 130 and Finance, Univ. of Aegean, Greece T. Carli, T. Gosau, U. Holm, N

  20. GEOBULLETIN SEpTEmBEr 19Th

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlson, Anders

    on the oxidation state of uranium, therefore understanding the mechanisms of UO2 oxidative corrosion is essential-classical diffusion is driven by electron transfer from multiple uranium atoms to each interstitial #12;GEOBULLETIN Synchrotron Tools for Geoscientists GeoSoilEnviroCARS (GSECARS) is a national synchrotron x-ray user facility

  1. IS.RIVERS 2012 Qu'avons-nous appris ? -Le suivi long terme des

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    regulated for navigation, irrigation and hydroelectricity since the 19th century. A restoration programme

  2. Late Completion of Cologne and St-Vitus Cathedral 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomas, Brichta

    2014-11-26

    Abstract Completions of Cathedrals were, in some cases (e.g. Sagrada Familia in Barcelona) still are large scale and unique projects which were carried out across Europe at the end of the 19th and even during the course ...

  3. Eugenics in the garden: architecture, medicine, and landscape from France to Latin America in the early twentieth century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    López-Durán, Fabiola

    2009-01-01

    In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries--decades that saw the radical transformation of Latin American cities into metropolises-race and environment became social determinants of the modem utopian project of ...

  4. Proceedings of the 19th Central Hardwood Forest Conference GTR-NRS-P-142 184 eSTAbLISHING PeReNNIAL SeeD-bASeD eNeRGy CRoPS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a locally abundant and low-cost fuel, its high carbon emissions coupled with the low price of natural gas driver for the central Appalachian region for more than a century. Coal and gas/oil extraction have concern over the environmental impacts of nonrenewable energy development including recent shale gas

  5. The Late Medieval Agrarian Crisis and Black Death plague epidemic in medieval Denmark: a paleopathological and paleodietary perspective 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoder, Cassady J.

    2009-06-02

    The medieval period of Denmark (11th-16th centuries) witnessed two of the worst demographic, health, and dietary catastrophes in history: the Late Medieval Agrarian Crisis (LMAC) and the Black Death plague epidemic. ...

  6. Century Learning through Apple Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    21st Century Learning through Apple Technology July 4 ­ 5, 2013 This exciting institute will appeal to educators who wish to enhance their teaching in support of 21st century learning using Apple technology. This institute begins with a keynote address that looks at how new technologies can enhance 21st century learning

  7. 1 Copyright 2006 by ASME Proceedings of IMECE2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aguilar, Guillermo

    to understand the thermal history during tissue freezing, including lethal temperature (-50 o C) and cooling imiquimod, radiation therapy, and cryosurgery [3]. Cryosurgery utilizes low temperatures and tissue freezing in dermatological practice since the late 19th century [5]. Liquid air was used as the first cryogen but was later

  8. 2012 IEEE. Reprinted, with permission, from B.J. Williamson, M.A. Redfern and R.K. Aggarwal, Project Edison: SMART-DC, IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT-EUROPE 2011) December 2011. This material is posted here with permission of the IEEE.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    , intelligent demand management, micro-generation, smart grid. I. INTRODUCTION N the late 19th century, Nikola, Project Edison: SMART-DC, IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT-EUROPE 2011) December 2011 of a DC network. Demand offsetting using the flexibility of energy storage has been demonstrated with real

  9. Lord Cochrane and the Chilean Navy, 1818-18 23 , with an inventory of the Dundonald papers relating to his service with the Chilean Navy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cubitt, David John

    1974-01-01

    In the late 18th century and the first two decades of the 19th, Spanish seapower in the Pacific was in a state of decline, though it remained strong enough to contribute to the overthrow of the first attempt of the ...

  10. 58 June 2008/Vol. 51, No. 6 COMMUNICATIONS OF THE ACM DESIGNING KINETIC INTERACTIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poupyrev, Ivan

    developments of machines that transform energy into mechanical motion, in particular steam engines, under- pinned the industrial revolution of the late 19th century, it was the development of Considering "smart" materials, tiny motors and nanomanipulators, organic actuators and fast net- worked embedded

  11. Powering the Next Billion Devices with Wi-Fi Vamsi Talla, Bryce Kellogg, Benjamin Ransford, Saman Naderiparizi,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Volkenburgh, Elizabeth

    - nication performance. Building on our design, we prototype battery-free temperature and camera sensors to wirelessly trickle-charge nickel­ metal hydride and lithium-ion coin-cell batteries at distances of up to 28 performance. 1. INTRODUCTION In the late 19th century, Nikola Tesla dreamed of elim- inating wires for both

  12. CompositionsCHEMICAL Mallet Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CompositionsCHEMICAL Mallet Library Chairman's Corner Computer facility opens West wing renovation fall 1996 chemistry & biochemistry departmental newsletter The Chemistry Library has existed almost- istry Department and of the General Libraries, from modest beginnings in the late 19th century

  13. ISE 2012, Vienna USING RIVER RESTORATION OPERATIONS TO TEST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    and hydroelectricity since the 19th century. A restoration program of the river started officially in 1998. It has, the Rhône River has been regulated for navigation, irrigation and hydroelectricity since the 19th century

  14. Storing Sanctity: Sacristy Reliquary Cupboards in Late Medieval and Renaissance Italy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elston, Ashley

    for a larger audience of the back of double-sided altarpieces like Sassetta’s fifteenth-century polyptych that sat on the church’s high altar. See Donal Cooper and James R. Banker, “The Church of San Francesco in Borgo San Sepolcro in the Late Middle...

  15. Discussion on the Mechanism of Electromigration from the Perspective of Electromagnetism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Peng; Johnson, William C.

    2010-01-01

    FUNDAMENTALS OF ELECTROMAGNETISM In the latter half of the 19th century, Maxwell summarized the electromagnetic theory

  16. Aegean Seals of the Late Bronze Age: Stylistic Groups, VI. Fourteenth Century Mainland and Later Fourteenth Century Cretan Workshops

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Younger, John G.

    1986-01-01

    rcatl "12. Misccl- lrrrrtorrs Scrrls". 5t 38 39 40 41. 42 43 M 4s 46 47 48 Supp. 29 195 42 49 Vlt 204 50 I 169 51 V 401 52 V 378 53 VIII 98 54 V 394 55 r 21.0 56 V 741. 57 V 51C) 58 iX 184 59 V 327 60 v 347 46 J ohn 6l x236 62 AGDS I Munich 24 63 X 200... rcatl "12. Misccl- lrrrrtorrs Scrrls". 5t 38 39 40 41. 42 43 M 4s 46 47 48 Supp. 29 195 42 49 Vlt 204 50 I 169 51 V 401 52 V 378 53 VIII 98 54 V 394 55 r 21.0 56 V 741. 57 V 51C) 58 iX 184 59 V 327 60 v 347 46 J ohn 6l x236 62 AGDS I Munich 24 63 X 200...

  17. Day Time Activity Talk title 19th August, Wednesday

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    Phenotypic stability and flexibility in the Volvocaceae 10:20-10:40 Tea, coffee break Morning Session 2: Cell for Cellular Differentiation is Present in Undifferentiated Volvocine Green Algae 11:15-11:40 Arash:55-15:15 Tea, coffee break Afternoon Session 2: Evolution 15:15-15:25 Chair: Aurora Nedelcu Introduction 15

  18. HOLIDAY NEWSLETTER DECEMBER 9TH-JANUARY 19TH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Rick L.

    . BETTER fOR THE ENvIRONMENT. -MINIMIzE SHIppINg COSTS TIPS FOR BEING SUSTAINABLE THIS HOLIDAY SEASON'S WANTED TO CREATE AN INSpI- RATIONAL AND EDUCATIONAL ART pIECE TO pROMOTE OUR MISSION Of SUSTAINABILITY ELECTRONICS -WATER YOUR pLANTS #12;SUSTAINABILITY IN THE NEWS NEW pLASTIC THAT DISAppEARS WHEN YOU WANT

  19. 2015 AMC Symposium Schedule Thursday, February 19th, 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ungerleider, Leslie G.

    & Logistics Management #12;:15 to 10:30 am - Short Break 10:30 to 11:00 am - Colleen Barros, Deputy Director for Management, NIH 11 of Assurances 2:15 to 3:00 pm Contract Management: Key Role Past Performance Reporting Plays in the Acquisition

  20. Date: May 29 through June 19th , 2014 (Every Thursday)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acosta, Charles A.

    ,200 *Includes parking Location: NKU METS Center, Erlanger Why obtain the Six Sigma Black Belt? Gain background on the LEAN and Six Sigma methodologies Learn the tools and techniques necessary for implementing Belt, don't miss the opportunity to further your Six Sigma certification! Applied LEAN/Six Sigma

  1. BSD Postdoc Association Weekly Bulletin November 19th, 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . MSI Feature Lecture (11/20) Dr. Shirley Ann Jackson: Beyond the Price at the Pump: A Comprehensive leadership positions in government, industry, research and academia. Describing her as "a national treasure

  2. 2009 19th IEEE International Symposium on Computer Arithmetic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oklobdzija, Vojin G.

    © 2009 by The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. All rights reserved. Copyright and Electronics Engineers, Inc. IEEE Computer Society Order Number P3670 BMS Part Number CFP09121-PRT ISBN 13: 978 constitute endorsement by the editors, the IEEE Computer Society, or the Institute of Electrical

  3. SPRING 201 WELCOME WEEK SCHEDULE January 19th

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhode Island, University of

    , and entrepreneurs who created the American Industrial Revolution. www.waterfire.com WaterFire centers on a series in the American Revolution. www.harvard.edu: Like the crisscrossing paths of its famous Yard, Harvard touches

  4. Pennsylvania's 19th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio Program |ViewIllinois:Information

  5. Texas's 19th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJ Automation JumpSetIdaho:Information 9th congressional district:

  6. Florida's 19th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePowerEdistoWhiskey flats 100k.pdfInformation 9th congressional district:

  7. Illinois' 19th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:on Openei | Opensource HistoryInformation

  8. California's 19th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButte County, California: EnergyNatural Resources

  9. Los Alamos National Laboratory sponsors 19th annual Hazmat Challenge

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse BergkampCentermillion to local United WaySixLANLLANL sponsorsLANL

  10. Urban inoculation and the decline of smallpox mortality in eighteenth century cities – a reply to Razzell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davenport, Romola J.; Boulton, Jeremy; Schwarz, Leonard

    2015-01-01

    weaving. The town functioned pri- marily as a commercial centre for the cotton industry until the 1790s when mechanization and the availability of steam power favoured the establishment of cotton factories within the township.28 The population... of smallpox burials similar to that which occurred in London. St John Deansgate opened too late to capture mid-eighteenth-century conditions but provides an uninterrupted burial series with almost no omission of cause of death or age from 1769 to 1812...

  11. Hybrid Zones: Representations of Race in Late Nineteenth-Century French Visual Culture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stringer, Rozanne McGrew

    2011-04-26

    In this study, I examine images of the black female and black male body and the female Spanish Gypsy by four artists ??_?? Edgar Degas, ?_??douard Manet, Fr?_??d?_??ric Bazille, and Henri de Toulouse??_???Lautrec ??_?? ...

  12. Exhuming caliban : gothic and madness in late twentieth and twenty-first - century Caribbean literary fictions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escudero, Andrew Mario

    2012-01-01

    within the context of feudalism. In Orientalism Edward Saidthe fall of medieval feudalism became a stark eighteenth –aesthetic, Middle Ages and feudalism. Instead of emerging

  13. Tilting the mirror : packaging "Spanish" architecture in late nineteenth century California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Díaz-Borioli, Leonardo, 1974-

    2003-01-01

    In 1893 at Chicago's World Columbian Exposition, California devoted a great deal of resources to its promotion through a pavilion that spelled out a construct about California's "Spanish" past. This supposed history got ...

  14. Imperial Nationalism: Nationalism and the Empire in late nineteenth century Scotland and British Canada 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colclough, Kevin

    2007-01-01

    The relationship between imperialism and nationalism has often been portrayed by theorists of nationalism and post colonial discourse theorists as antagonistic. Anti-democratic, aggressive empires impose their will on ...

  15. Exhuming caliban : gothic and madness in late twentieth and twenty-first - century Caribbean literary fictions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escudero, Andrew Mario

    2012-01-01

    s exorcism of this suppressed knowledge, his demons, thatof Otranto revealed the suppressed knowledge and powerfulsite that stirred suppressed knowledge stored in the

  16. The Acropolis at Babylon: A Reconstruction during the Late 6th Century B.C. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parkoff, Justin 1981-

    2012-12-07

    to determine the most probable appearance of Babylon’s lost monuments. The product of this research reconstructed the massive palatial complexes and their defensive enclosures in the form of a three-dimensional digitized AutoCAD model. This interpretation...

  17. Exhuming caliban : gothic and madness in late twentieth and twenty-first - century Caribbean literary fictions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escudero, Andrew Mario

    2012-01-01

    Caribbean and the World. Barbados: University of the Wests study is specific to Barbados and Barbadian madness, hisMajor slave rebellions (Barbados (1816) with 400 slaves

  18. The Piraeus and the Panathenaia: Changing Customs in Late-Fifth Century Athens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hulsey, J.D.

    2013-01-01

    the Persians, the Piraeus shipyards were not ready, and mostquarter with nearly 200 shipyards. Between these lay theperiod would include the shipyards at Zea c. 445 (among the

  19. Late Silurian plutons in Yucatan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steiner, M. B.; Walker, J. Douglas

    1996-08-10

    , both the similarity of sedimentary facies patterns adjacent to it to those adjacent to one of the plutons dated as Late Silurian and a published single Rb-Sr age of 428 ± 41 Ma suggest this third pluton also was emergent during Santa Rosa deposition...

  20. Potato Late blight Update and Late Season Recommendations Willie Kirk. PLP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Douches, David S.

    Potato Late blight Update and Late Season Recommendations Willie Kirk. PLP Potato late blight has this year. Growers should sample symptomatic tubers and send them for diagnosis to the Kirk lab

  1. The Century Survey Galactic Halo Project I: Stellar Spectral Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. R. Brown; C. Allende Prieto; T. C. Beers; R. Wilhelm; M. J. Geller; S. J. Kenyon; M. J. Kurtz

    2003-05-21

    The Century Survey Galactic Halo Project is a photometric and spectroscopic survey from which we select relatively blue stars (V-R<0.30 mag) as probes of the Milky Way halo. The Survey strip spans the range of Galactic latitude 35Century Survey region. Our sample consists predominantly of A- and F-type stars. We describe our techniques for determination of radial velocities, effective temperatures, metallicities, and surface gravities. Based on these measurements, we derive distance estimates by comparison with a set of calibrated isochrones. We devote special attention to the classification of blue horizontal-branch stars, and compare the results obtained from the application of the techniques of Kinman et al., Wilhelm et al., and Clewley et al. We identify 55 blue horizontal-branch stars. Our large sample of stars also uncovers a number of unusual objects, including three carbon-enhanced stars, a late B-type star located 0.8 kpc above the Galactic plane, and a DZ white dwarf.

  2. Paper No. 11.05 1 A Half Century of Tapered-Pile Usage at the John F. Kennedy International Airport

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horvath, John S.

    Paper No. 11.05 1 A Half Century of Tapered-Pile Usage at the John F. Kennedy International Airport. Kennedy International Airport (JFKIA) in New York City began in the late 1940s. Timber piles were used the well-known John F. Kennedy International Airport (JFKIA, originally named New York International

  3. 21st Century Truck Partnership Roadmap Roadmap and Technical...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1st Century Truck Partnership Roadmap Roadmap and Technical White Papers - 21CTP-0003, December 2006 21st Century Truck Partnership Roadmap Roadmap and Technical White Papers -...

  4. 21st Century Truck Partnership - Roadmap and Technical White...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    21st Century Truck Partnership - Roadmap and Technical White Papers Appendix of Supporting Information - 21CTP-0003, December 2006 21st Century Truck Partnership - Roadmap and...

  5. Laboratories for the 21st Century Best Practices Guides | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Laboratories for the 21st Century Best Practices Guides Laboratories for the 21st Century best practices guides outline the design, construction, and operation of specific...

  6. Laboratories for the 21st Century

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Laboratories for the 21st Century (Labs21) is a voluntary partnership program dedicated to improving the environmental performance of U.S. laboratories. The program is a joint initiative between...

  7. Chemistry & Biology Deciphering the Late Biosynthetic Steps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Huimin

    Chemistry & Biology Article Deciphering the Late Biosynthetic Steps of Antimalarial Compound FR Engineering 2Institute for Genomic Biology 3Department of Microbiology 4Department of Chemistry 5Departments

  8. The late emission of thermonuclear supernovae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilar Ruiz-Lapuente

    1996-04-16

    The subject of late-time emission of Type Ia supernovae and its implications for the understanding of the explosions of C+O WDs is reviewed.

  9. Fusion EnergyFusion Energy Powering the XXI centuryPowering the XXI century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fusion EnergyFusion Energy Powering the XXI centuryPowering the XXI century Carlos Matos FerreiraInstituto SuperiorSuperior TTéécnicocnico,, LisboaLisboa, Portugal, Portugal 20th International Atomic Energy Agency, Fusion Energy Conference, Vilamoura, Portugal #12;OutlineOutline ·· World Energy ConsumptionWorld Energy

  10. Aspects of Late Helladic sea trade 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bachhuber, Christoph Stephen

    2004-09-30

    ASPECTS OF LATE HELLADIC SEA TRADE A Thesis by CHRISTOPH... ASPECTS OF LATE HELLADIC SEA TRADE A Thesis by CHRISTOPH BACHHUBER Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS Approved as to style and content by...

  11. Eighteenth-century merchant ship interiors 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Renner, Mary Anne

    1987-01-01

    ), the Reeg~t~ (1771), the /~~vs (1768), the g~~ (1768), the lla~ax (1768) and the ~ount (1787). The deck layouts for the FIGURE 1. Cross section of an 18th-century merchantman. l , )&kl@V:= , igpgj; 'k -. kl-, E$ )fp IK j 'B' " l ~ 1't P... OF FIGURES 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 18 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Cross section of an 18th-century merchantman Deck plans for HMS Dispatch National Register district and site locations Y085: Test trenches...

  12. MATERIALS EDUCATION FOR THE CENTURY WORKFORCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubloff, Gary W.

    MATERIALS EDUCATION FOR THE 21ST CENTURY WORKFORCE The 18th Biennial Conference on National Materials Policy May 24-25, 2004 National Academies' Keck Center Washington, DC MONDAY, MAY 24 7:00AM of Maryland Vice President, Federation of Materials Societies 8:30AM Introduction to Materials Mini

  13. Alan Turing: A Century of Computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bozsahin, Cem

    Alan Turing: A Century of Computing Cem Bozahin Cognitive Science Department, The Informatics Institute, METU www.ii.metu.edu.tr Department of Economics Seminars, METU 28.5.2012 Bozahin Alan Turing Centenary #12;Alan Mathison Turing: 1912­1954 Bozahin Alan Turing Centenary 2/23 #12;What was Turing up to

  14. Two Centuries of Experience in Water Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    and the lower end of the nearby island of Manhattan were under Dutch control as part of the colony of New ................... 205 Chapter Eight Environmentalism, Renewed Concern for Flood Safety, and the Europeanization of DutchTwo Centuries of Experience in Water Resources Management A Dutch-U.S. Retrospective #12;Two

  15. Core-Shell Nanopillar Array Solar Cells using Cadmium Sulfide Coating on Indium Phosphide Nanopillars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tu, Bor-An Clayton

    2013-01-01

    for efficient photovoltaic cells. ,” Nature Nanotechnology,Part II – Photovoltaic Cell I-V Characterization Theory andof the photovoltaic effect in the 19 th century, solar cells

  16. An Inefficient Representation of the Empty Word

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theune, Mariët

    was something special too: a 19th century part of the former Amstel brewery which happened to be of too little

  17. FERMENTATION OF PENTOSE SUGARS TO ETHANOL AND OTHER NEUTRAL PRODUCTS BY MICROORGANISMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenberg, S.L.

    2013-01-01

    chemically converted to 1,3-butadiene, the major monomericmid 19th Century. because butadiene Fermentation It becamefor With the outbreak butadiene-synthetic of the First World

  18. Late standardization and technological catch-up

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ratanawaraha, Apiwat, 1972-

    2006-01-01

    In this study, we examine the process of "late standardization," in which latecomers engage in standards activities in order to move towards and beyond the technological frontier. Based on case studies of latecomers in the ...

  19. Transforming Scientific Communication for the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gass, Steven

    2001-01-01

    Since its inception in the 17th century the research journal emerged as the formal communication method in the sciences. The last half of the 20th century has seen stresses develop on the journal system due to the explosion ...

  20. Laboratories for the 21st Century Agency Resources

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Many helpful resources are available to Federal agencies about Laboratories for the 21st Century (Labs21).

  1. PATTERNS OF TRANSFORMATION IN SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY MECHANICS'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertoloni Meli, Domenico

    PATTERNS OF TRANSFORMATION IN SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY MECHANICS' Introduction The seventeenth century witnessed striking transformations in the science of mechanics: whereas Renaissance authors of the previous in Seventeenth-Century Mechanics" by Domenico Bertoloni Meli, The Monist, vol, 93, no. 4, pp. 580-597. Copyright

  2. Flexibility in 21st Century Power Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cochran, J.; Miller, M.; Zinaman, O.; Milligan, M.; Arent, D.; Palmintier, B.; O'Malley, M.; Mueller, S.; Lannoye, E.; Tuohy, A.; Kujala, B.; Sommer, M.; Holttinen, H.; Kiviluoma, J.; Soonee, S. K.

    2014-05-01

    Flexibility of operation--the ability of a power system to respond to change in demand and supply--is a characteristic of all power systems. Flexibility is especially prized in twenty-first century power systems, with higher levels of grid-connected variable renewable energy (primarily, wind and solar). This paper summarizes the analytic frameworks that have emerged to measure this characteristic and distills key principles of flexibility for policy makers.

  3. Science for the 21st Century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2004-07-01

    The Federal government plays a key role in supporting the country's science infrastructure, a national treasure, and scientific research, an investment in our future. Scientific discoveries transform the way we think about our universe and ourselves, from the vastness of space to molecular-level biology. In innovations such as drugs derived through biotechnology and new communications technologies we see constant evidence of the power of science to improve lives and address national challenges. We had not yet learned to fly at the dawn of the 20th century, and could not have imagined the amazing 20th century inventions that we now take for granted. As we move into the 21st century, we eagerly anticipate new insights, discoveries, and technologies that will inspire and enrich us for many decades to come. This report presents the critical responsibilities of our Federal science enterprise and the actions taken by the Federal research agencies, through the National Science and Technology Council, to align our programs with scientific opportunity and with national needs. The many examples show how our science enterprise has responded to the President's priorities for homeland and national security, economic growth, health research, and the environment. In addition, we show how the science agencies work together to set priorities; coordinate related research programs; leverage investments to promote discovery, translate science into national benefits, and sustain the national research enterprise; and promote excellence in math and science education and work force development.

  4. Health Physics in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bevelacqua, Joseph John

    2008-01-01

    Adopting a proactive approach and focusing on emerging radiation-generating technologies, Health Physics in the 21st Century meets the growing need for a presentation of the relevant radiological characteristics and hazards. As such, this monograph discusses those technologies that will affect the health physics and radiation protection profession over the decades to come. After an introductory overview, the second part of this book looks at fission and fusion energy, followed by a section devoted to accelerators, while the final main section deals with radiation on manned space missions.

  5. Half a Century of Physical Review Letters

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Garisto, Robert

    2010-01-08

    Fifty years ago, Sam Goudsmit started an experiment: the journal Physical Review Letters.  Since 1958, the experiment has thrived. PRL has gone through many changes, published many important papers, and become a leader in international scientific publication.  I will trace the rise of PRL from its early 20th century roots as "Letters to the Editor," through changes in editorial process and advents of new technology. Along the way I'll show what has gone on behind the scenes, and give a glimpse of our plans for the future.  I'll also give some advice to would-be authors and referees, illustrated with interesting correspondence we've received.

  6. Solar Century Holdings Solarcentury | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing Capacity forSilicium deEnergy Information North|SolaireAutomationCentury

  7. Century Asset Management | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank,CammackFLIR Jump to:RAPIDCavallo EnergyOhio:ElecSustainable AG JumpCentury

  8. 21 Century Solar Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'S FUTURE.EnergyWoodenDate RecCompetitionCentury Solar Inc Jump to:

  9. Understanding the Long-Term Change of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) during the Late Twentieth Century 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Who Myung

    2013-05-02

    warming. Yet, a variety source of observations and its assimilation into ocean circulation models have not supported such an AMOC decline so far. In this study, an aspect that has not been paid attention, regarding the maintenance of the AMOC strength...

  10. Anglo-Moroccan relations in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, with particular reference to the role of Gibraltar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, James A O C

    2009-10-13

    ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ??????????? ????????? ????????? ??? ??????????? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ??????????? ??? ????????? ?????????? ???? ???? ????????????? ??? ??????????? ????????? ??? ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ??? ??????????????? ????? ????????? ???? ?????????? ??? ???? ?????? ??? ????????????? ? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ???????????? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ??? ?? ???????????????? ?????????????????????? ???? ???????????????? ?????????????????????? ??? ???????? ???? ???? ??????? ??? ?????????????? ??? ?????? ???????????? ?????????? ???? ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ??????????? ???? ????? ??? ????????? ????????? ??? ?? ???????? ?????????? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ??????????????? ??? ???????? ????????? ???? ??????????? ??? ???? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ??? ??? ? ?????? ???????? ???????????? ?????????????? ????? ?????? ????????? ?? ???? ???????????????????? ?????????????????? ???????????? ???

  11. Performable Nations: Music and Literature in Late Nineteenth- and Early Twentieth-Century Cuba, Brazil, and the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beyer, Bethany

    2013-01-01

    Magaldi, Cristina. “Two Musical Representations of Brazil. ”Brazil in the Making: Facets of National Identity. Eds.McCann, Bryan. Hello, Hello Brazil: Popular Music in the

  12. Colonial Finance: Daiichi Bank and the Bank of Chosen in Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Century Korea, Japan, and Manchuria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kahm, Howard

    2012-01-01

    K. Pongch’?n, J. H?ten ??] Dalian [K. Daery?n, J. Dairen ??]to acting manager of the Dalian branch [J. Dairen shitendirector was stationed in Dalian to supervise the Manchurian

  13. Is Dilution The Solution To Pollution? Municipal Sewerage Systems In Late Nineteenth Century San Francisco And London

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Brooke Ray

    2007-01-01

    The management of sewage and sludge by the water industry insewage Berkeley Planning Journal, Volume 20, 2007 sludge (

  14. Is Dilution The Solution To Pollution? Municipal Sewerage Systems In Late Nineteenth Century San Francisco And London

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Brooke Ray

    2007-01-01

    Robin W. ed. 1974. Waste-Water Management in the SanMaster Plan for Waste Water Management: Preliminary Summaryfirst San Francisco Waste Water Master Plan was released,

  15. Fast track: The practice of drug development and regulatory innovation in the late Twentieth Century U.S 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Messner, Donna A

    2008-01-01

    This thesis examines the laws and regulations created in the 1980s and 1990s in the U.S. to hasten development, evaluation, and approval of drugs to treat serious and lifethreatening diseases, and to allow access of ...

  16. Laboratories for the 21st Century Best Practices Guides

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Laboratories for the 21st Century best practices guides outline the design, construction, and operation of specific technologies that contribute to energy efficiency and sustainability. The guides...

  17. The 21st Century Truck Partnership | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2002deerhowden.pdf More Documents & Publications 21st Century Truck Partnership Roadmap Roadmap and Technical White Papers - 21CTP-0003, December 2006 Roadmap and Technical...

  18. Laboratories for the 21st Century Case Studies

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    These case studies feature examples of energy-efficient laboratories for the 21st century. The Featured Concepts Table outlines technologies covered in each case study.

  19. Food and Fuel for the 21st Century

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Food and Fuel for the 21st Century held its annual symposium March 12–13, 2015, at Atkinson Hall, University of California San Diego.

  20. Acoustic emission: The first half century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Drouillard, T.F.

    1994-08-01

    The technology of acoustic emission (AE) is approaching the half century mark, having had its beginning in 1950 with the work of Joseph Kaiser. During the 1950s and 1960s researchers delved into the fundamentals of acoustic emission, developed instrumentation specifically for AE, and characterized the AE behavior of many materials. AE was starting to be recognized for its unique capabilities as an NDT method for monitoring dynamic processes. In the decade of the 1970s research activities became more coordinated and directed with the formation of the working groups, and its use as an NDT method continued to increase for industrial applications. In the 1980s the computer became a basic component for both instrumentation and data analysis, and today it has sparked a resurgence of opportunities for research and development. Today we are seeing a transition to waveform-based AE analysis and a shift in AE activities with more emphasis on applications than on research. From the beginning, we have been fortunate to have had so many dedicated savants with different fields of expertise contribute in a collective way to bring AE to a mature, fully developed technology and leave a legacy of knowledge recorded in its literature. AE literature has been a key indicator of the amount of activity, the proportion of research to application, the emphasis on what was of current interest, and the direction AE has taken. The following is a brief survey of the history of acoustic emission with emphasis on development of the infrastructure over the past half century.

  1. VERY LATE PHOTOMETRY OF SN 2011fe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kerzendorf, W. E. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 50 Saint George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3H4 (Canada); Taubenberger, S.; Seitenzahl, I. R.; Ruiter, A. J., E-mail: wkerzendorf@gmail.com [Max-Planck-Institut für Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild-Straße 1, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

    2014-12-01

    The Type Ia supernova SN 2011fe is one of the closest supernovae of the past decades. Due to its proximity and low dust extinction, this object provides a very rare opportunity to study the extremely late time evolution (>900 days) of thermonuclear supernovae. In this Letter, we present our photometric data of SN 2011fe taken at an unprecedented late epoch of ?930 days with GMOS-N mounted on the Gemini North telescope (g = 23.43 ± 0.28, r = 24.14 ± 0.14, i = 23.91 ± 0.18, and z = 23.90 ± 0.17) to study the energy production and retention in the ejecta of SN 2011fe. Together with previous measurements by other groups, our result suggests that the optical supernova light curve can still be explained by the full thermalization of the decay positrons of {sup 56}Co. This is in spite of theoretical predicted effects (e.g., infrared catastrophe, positron escape, and dust) that advocate a substantial energy redistribution and/or loss via various processes that result in a more rapid dimming at these very late epochs.

  2. 21A.340J / STS.075J Technology and Culture, Fall 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helmreich, Stefan, 1966-

    This course examines relationships among technology, culture, and politics in a variety of social and historical settings ranging from 19th century factories to 21st century techno dance floors, from colonial Melanesia to ...

  3. Urban narrative and reinvention in Hicks-Logan-Sawyer : creating an effective gateway to a vital New Bedford

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koretz, Noah B. (Noah Benjamin)

    2013-01-01

    New Bedford, Massachusetts famously experienced two major waves of prosperity, as the worldwide capital of the whaling industry in the early 19th century, and then as a major textile production century decades later. It ...

  4. Roadmap and Technical White Papers for 21st Century Truck Partnership...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Roadmap and Technical White Papers for 21st Century Truck Partnership Roadmap and Technical White Papers for 21st Century Truck Partnership Roadmap document for 21st Century Truck...

  5. DOE/BES Workshop on Clean and Efficient Combustion of 21st Century...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    BES Workshop on Clean and Efficient Combustion of 21st Century Transportation Fuels DOEBES Workshop on Clean and Efficient Combustion of 21st Century Transportation Fuels...

  6. 4.651 20th Century Art, Fall 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Caroline

    Critical examination of major developments in European and American art during the past century. Surveys art's engagements with modernization, radical politics, utopianism, mass culture, changing conceptions of mind and ...

  7. A shader based adaptation of selected sixteenth century maps 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haque, Shaila Sabrina

    2008-10-10

    This research develops a technique focused on shading and texturing, with an emphasis on line work and color, to emulate the unique qualities of copperplate line-engraving from 16th century cartography. A visual analysis ...

  8. New Testament Studies in the 20th Century 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hurtado, Larry W

    2009-03-01

    Considered diachronically, NT studies in the twentieth century is a story of vigorous scholarship. Especially after World War II, there is increasing diversification in approach and in the makeup of scholars, with a ...

  9. Vehicle Technologies Office: 21st Century Truck Partners

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The 21st Century Truck Partnership is an industry-government collaboration among heavy-duty engine manufacturers, medium-duty and heavy-duty truck and bus manufacturers, heavy-duty hybrid...

  10. Systematic ranging and late warning asteroid impacts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farnocchia, D; Micheli, M

    2015-01-01

    We describe systematic ranging, an orbit determination technique especially suitable to assess the near-term Earth impact hazard posed by newly discovered asteroids. For these late warning cases, the time interval covered by the observations is generally short, perhaps a few hours or even less, which leads to severe degeneracies in the orbit estimation process. The systematic ranging approach gets around these degeneracies by performing a raster scan in the poorly-constrained space of topocentric range and range rate, while the plane of sky position and motion are directly tied to the recorded observations. This scan allows us to identify regions corresponding to collision solutions, as well as potential impact times and locations. From the probability distribution of the observation errors, we obtain a probability distribution in the orbital space and then estimate the probability of an Earth impact. We show how this technique is effective for a number of examples, including 2008 TC3 and 2014 AA, the only tw...

  11. Early Proctoscopy is a Surrogate Endpoint of Late Rectal Toxicity...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    the Vienna Rectoscopy Score (VRS). Late toxicity data were analyzed according to the Kaplan-Meier method. Comparison between prognosis groups was performed by log-rank analysis....

  12. Late Cenozoic volcanism, geochronology, and structure of the...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Late Cenozoic volcanism, geochronology, and structure of the Coso Range, Inyo County, California Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article:...

  13. Late Holocene Stratigraphy, Humboldt Bay, California: Evidence for Late Holocene Paleoseismicity of the Southern Cascadia Subduction Zone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valentine, David Wade

    1992-01-01

    Episodic tectonic subsidence of late Holocene Salt Marshes,salt marshes and coastal forests. Multiple lowland horizons covered by estuarine sediments may represent repeated tectonic

  14. The Professional Job Fair was held on September 19th and was supported by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the United States. The School of Allied Health Professions would like to recognize and show our appreciation to the participat- ing organizations: LSUHSC · School of Allied Health Professions · 1900 Gravier Street · New Health Professions has been able to provide financial assistance of $16,000 to 178 students to attend

  15. High Temperature Materials Laboratory User Program: 19th Annual Report, October 1, 2005 - September 30, 2006

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pasto, Arvid

    2007-08-01

    Annual Report contains overview of the High Temperature Materials Laboratory User Program and includes selected highlights of user activities for FY2006. Report is submitted to individuals within sponsoring DOE agency and to other interested individuals.

  16. Proceedings of PACLIC 19, the 19th Asia-Pacific Conference on Language, Information and Computation.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ' wai4ce4 `outside' c. nei4xiao1 `sell domestically' wai4xiao1 `export' d. zai4 huang2gong1 zhi1 nei4 `in the palace' zai4 huang2gong1 zhi1 wai4 `out of the palace'. e. yi4bai3 kong1chi3 yi3nei4 `within's tenure' *ren4wai4 b. *nei4guo2 wai4guo2 `foreign country' *nei4qi1 wai4qi1 `maternal relatives' nei4

  17. A Long Relative Humidity Series for Armagh Observatory Its relevance to the occurrence of 19th

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the radiative balance of the atmosphere, dwarfing the contributions of other greenhouse gases including carbon dioxide. It is surprising, therefore, how few studies of the long-term variability of atmospheric water Atlantic (N. Atlantic Oscillation) and a more remote and less periodic Arctic Oscillation. A number

  18. Office of Fossil Energy Kicks Off 19th Year of Mickey Leland...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Pictured from left to right: Wendy Hertulien, Noelle Hilliard, Vianey Escobar, and Jasmin Selby. How a Chemical Engineering Major & Track Star Came to a DOE Summer Internship...

  19. Thursday, February 19th 12:00 12:50 PM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    Oshkosh Corporation he worked for 3 years with 3M on projects including lithium ion battery materials

  20. 19th Annual Conference on Small Satellites, August 8-11, 2005 Saurabh Jain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simon, Dan

    Algorithm Based Charge Optimization of Lithium-Ion Batteries in Small Satellites #12;219th Annual Conference and the tasks completion in minimum time · Eclipse - to achieve minimum depth of Li-Ion battery discharge while to autonomously optimize the battery state of charge while meeting the diverse requirements of all the subsystems

  1. ISIPTA'07 July 19th, 2007 Data-Based Decisions under

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hable, Robert

    Models Robert Hable Department of Statistics LMU Munich supported by Cusanuswerk #12;Data-Based Hable LMU Munich #12;Data-Based Decisions under Imprecise Probability and Least Favorable Models #12;Data-Based Decisions under Imprecise Probability and Least Favorable Models Task Find a decision

  2. How to Draw a Straight Line Using a GP: Benchmarking Evolutionary Design Against 19th

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Thomas

    mechanical de- sign. Considerations for selecting a representation for mechanism design are presented of mechanisms and classification of elementary components, founders of modern kinematic theory wrote "While we evolutionary computation techniques to auto- mate mechanism design, typically in conjunction with designing

  3. 2010 19th World Congress of Soil Science, Soil Solutions for a Changing World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparks, Donald L.

    of Ni include magmatic sulfide ores and lateritic silicates found in serpentine soils. Anthropogenic Ni, Brisbane, Australia. Published on DVD. 160 Nickel Speciation in Serpentine Soils using Synchrotron Sciences and Delaware Environmental Institute, Newark, DE, USA, mgs@udel.edu Abstract We examined nickel

  4. Second Conference of the African Health Economics and Policy Association 15th to 19th

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    as a tool for long-term poverty alleviation; but needs to be appropriate to the context and both fiscally and under-five morbidity and mortality are seriously hampered by widespread poverty and economic the international poverty line of $1 per capita per day1 . A recent study revealed that poverty is overwhelmingly

  5. 19th Mediterranean Conference on Control and Automation Aquis Corfu Holiday Palace, Corfu, Greece

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koutsoukos, Xenofon D.

    . INTRODUCTION Complex engineered systems such as automotive vehicles, building automation systems, and groups Institute for Software Integrated Systems (ISIS) Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science system models. Metropolis integrates with scheduling, timing analysis, and verification tools. We propose

  6. Your're Invited: Join Our Supplier Outreach Event on August 19th

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    On August 19, 2011, the Department of Energy will be co-sponsoring a suppliers outreach event for suppliers who wish to provide services to Service Disabled Veteran Owned Businesses. This event,...

  7. Students showcase research at 19th Supercomputing Challenge Expo at Los

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation ofAlbuquerque|SensitiveAprilPhotonStructure

  8. 19th Topical Conference on Radio Frequency Power in Plasmas | Princeton

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDidDevelopmentataboutScalablePhysicist: ChristianBioEnergy

  9. Office of Fossil Energy Kicks Off 19th Year of Mickey Leland Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy AEnergy Managing853926 NewsORMAT NEVADAEnergyA chart EM Celebrates

  10. The 19th ICFA Advanced Beam Dynamics Workshop on Future Light Sources

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With U.S. CoalMexicoConferencePriceshielding evaluation for the

  11. Late Time Tail of Wave Propagation on Curved Spacetime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. S. C. Ching; P. T. Leung; W. M. Suen; K. Young

    1994-10-30

    The late time behavior of waves propagating on a general curved spacetime is studied. The late time tail is not necessarily an inverse power of time. Our work extends, places in context, and provides understanding for the known results for the Schwarzschild spacetime. Analytic and numerical results are in excellent agreement.

  12. Sequence Stratigraphy of the Glenshaw Formation (MiddleLate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martino, Ronald L.

    Sequence Stratigraphy of the Glenshaw Formation (Middle­Late Pennsylvanian) in the Central. L., 2004, Sequence stratigraphy of the Glenshaw Formation (middle­late Pennsylvanian) in the central Appalachian basin, in J. C. Pashin and R. A. Gastaldo, eds., Sequence stratigraphy, paleoclimate

  13. Early Evolution of Whales A Century of Research in Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gingerich, Philip D.

    , and the innominates of Basilosaurus were mounted as if they still articu- lated with the vertebral column. Kellogg fossil to be studied scientifically was a very large vertebral centrum collected in 1832 near

  14. Pollen analysis of late 1800 privy deposits from Houston, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marshall, Dawn Marie

    1999-01-01

    Forty-nine soil samples from five nineteenth-century privy features in downtown Houston were examined for pollen. It was hoped that analysis of these samples would reveal information concerning the diet and health of ...

  15. Beyond Nash Equilibrium: Solution Concepts for the 21st Century #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Halpern, Joseph Y.

    Beyond Nash Equilibrium: Solution Concepts for the 21st Century # Joseph Y. Halpern Cornell://www.cs.cornell.edu/home/halpern Abstract Nash equilibrium is the most commonly­used notion of equi­ librium in game theory. However, it suffers from numerous problems. Some are well known in the game theory commu­ nity; for example, the Nash

  16. Energy: a historical perspective and 21st century forecast

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salvador, Amos [University of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)

    2005-07-01

    Contents are: Preface; Chapter 1: introduction, brief history, and chosen approach; Chapter 2: human population and energy consumption: the future; Chapter 4: sources of energy (including a section on coal); Chapter 5: electricity: generation and consumption; and Chapter 6: energy consumption and probable energy sources during the 21st century.

  17. Next Century Challenges: Mobile Networking for "Smart Dust"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Next Century Challenges: Mobile Networking for "Smart Dust" J. M. Kahn, R. H. Katz (ACM Fellow), K into a complete system. We review the key elements of the emer- gent technology of "Smart Dust" and outline and communica- tion capabilities, and a power supply. Berkeley's Smart Dust project, led by Professors Pister

  18. "Materials Education for the 21st Century Workforce"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubloff, Gary W.

    roles of materials in information technology, health and biotechnology, national security, energy the professional societes. Other related conferences have included the 2000 NMAB Forum on "Materials in the New"Materials Education for the 21st Century Workforce" Opening Remarks By Aris Christou

  19. Adaptive Optimizing Compilers for the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Devika

    Adaptive Optimizing Compilers for the 21st Century Los Alamos Computer Science Institute 2001 Houston, Texas, USA #12;Adaptive Optimizing Compilers 2 The Big Picture · For 45 years, compilers have Automatic Coding System (IBM, 1957) #12;Adaptive Optimizing Compilers 3 The Big Picture · RISC made

  20. NC State Engineering in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NC State Engineering in the 21st Century Louis A. Martin-Vega, Ph.D., P.E. Dean of Engineering North Carolina State University February 3, 2011 #12;1887 Engineering Departments established North the College s 1st professor of civil engineering (also 2nd President and 1st football coach) 1923 School

  1. Statistics Twentyfirst Century Astrometry K. Eichhorn Memorial Lecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jefferys, William

    Statistics Twenty­first Century Astrometry Heinrich K. Eichhorn Memorial Lecture William Je#erys (bill@astro.as.utexas.edu University at Austin, Abstract. Eichhorn statistics scientific a number of significant contributions statistical treatment of astrometric problems. a movement for the reintroduction

  2. Database Research: Achievements and Opportunities Into the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ullman, Jeffrey D.

    Database Research: Achievements and Opportunities Into the 21st Century Avi Silberschatz, Mike Stonebraker, Jeff Ullman, editors Report of an NSF Workshop on the Future of Database Systems Research, May 26--27, 1995 1 1 Introduction In February of 1990, a group of database researchers met to examine the prospects

  3. Antitrust for Patent Pools: A Century of Policy Evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    Antitrust for Patent Pools: A Century of Policy Evolution Richard J. Gilbert1 October 3, 2002 Abstract This paper reviews the antitrust treatment of patent pooling and cross-licensing arrangements from on the MPEG and DVD patent pools. I examine the factors that the courts identified as pertinent

  4. Twentieth-Century Droughts and Their Impacts on Terrestrial Carbon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiao, Jingfeng

    , disturbances (e.g., fire), human management (e.g., fertilization and irrigation), and environmental pollution (e.g., ozone pollution, nitrogen deposition). These drought effects are of particular importance in light of projected widespread summer drying in midlatitude regions during the twenty-first century

  5. Experience of War in 20th Century Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fletcher, Robin

    1 Experience of War in 20th Century Europe History 451 Consider Resources Primary Resources" introductions to history of Europe and other regions. Find Primary Sources For information about primary sources the word documents in the title. (europe or european) and history and document* B. Look up Historical

  6. Better Never than Late: Meeting Deadlines in Datacenter Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almeroth, Kevin C.

    Better Never than Late: Meeting Deadlines in Datacenter Networks Christo Wilson Hitesh Ballani web applications in today's datacenters, combined with their distributed work- flow, leads to deadlines being associated with the datacenter application traffic. A network flow is useful

  7. Nitrene transfer reactions by late transition metal complexes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, Charles W., Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01

    This thesis presents nitrene transfer reactions that are catalyzed or mediated by late transition metal complexes. Sterically large, fluorinated supporting ligands are used to minimize potential side reactions. A new ...

  8. Signatures of the Late Time Core-Collapse Supernova Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roberts, Luke Forrest

    2012-01-01

    in K. Weiler (ed. ), Supernovae and Gamma-Ray Bursters, Vol.Recorded observations of supernovae go back almost twoModern observations of supernovae began in the late 1800s

  9. Brachiopod paleoecology during Late Paleozoic climate change (Pennsylvanian-Early Permain, Bolivia)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Badyrka, Kira Anna

    2012-01-01

    and JAMES, N. R. 2008. Paleoecology of early-middle PermianSANTA CRUZ BRACHIOPOD PALEOECOLOGY DURING LATE PALEOZOICiv   Brachiopod paleoecology during Late Paleozoic climate

  10. Processes of Late Cretaceous to Late Miocene episodic thrust-sheet translation in the Lycian Taurides, SW Turkey 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Allan S; Robertson, Alastair H F

    1998-01-01

    The Lycian Taurides of SW Turkey consist of an allochthonous Mesozoic passive margin succession that was episodically detached from its autochthon and translated southeastwards between latest Cretaceous to Late Miocene times. A combination...

  11. Review: The Global Warming Reader: A Century of Writing About Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Byron P.

    2013-01-01

    Review: The Global Warming Reader: A Century of WritingMcKibben, Bill, ed. The Global Warming Reader: A Century ofrecord of no action on global warming. Those who have done

  12. Global capitalism and twenty-first century fascism: a UC case study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, William I; Barrera, Mario

    2012-01-01

    twenty-first century fas- cism as a response to crisis thatthe understanding that fas- cism is not a simple, clearlyas twenty-first century, fas- cism involves a major social

  13. A Historical Perspective on Crime in Twentieth-Century Mexico City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piccato, Pablo

    2003-01-01

    Mexico City. The public-health costs of drug addiction, the wages of corruption, andMexico. The twentieth century became the century of corruptionMexico City: Botas, 1970). For a very rough estimate of the profits from corruption,

  14. Appendix of Supporting Information for the 21st Century Truck Technology Partnership

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2009-01-18

    Appendix contains supporting information to the 21st Century Truck Partnership's Roadmap and Technical White Papers (21CTP-003)

  15. Online Environmental Citizenship: Blogs, Green Marketing and consumer sentiment in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luck, Edwina; Ginanti, Ayu

    2013-01-01

    Blogs, Green Marketing and Consumer Sentiment in the 21 st Century Edwina Luck and Ayu Ginanti Queensland University of Technology,

  16. Ground-level ozone in the 21st century: future trends,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ground-level ozone in the 21st century: future trends, impacts and policy implications October 2008. Courtesy of Dr Mhairi Coyle, CEH Edinburgh. #12;Ground-level ozone in the 21st century: future trends Limited #12;Ground-level ozone in the 21st century I October 2008 I iiiThe Royal Society Ground

  17. TOP INCOMES IN THE UNITED STATES AND CANADA OVER THE TWENTIETH CENTURY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    TOP INCOMES IN THE UNITED STATES AND CANADA OVER THE TWENTIETH CENTURY Emmanuel Saez University of California, Berkeley Abstract This paper presents top income shares series for the United States and Canada over the 20th century. In both countries, top income shares display a U-shaped pattern over the century

  18. Projections of UV radiation changes in the 21st century: impact of ozone recovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wirosoetisno, Djoko

    Projections of UV radiation changes in the 21st century: impact of ozone recovery and cloud effects radiation changes in the 21st century: impact of ozone recovery and cloud effects. Atmospheric Chemistry Chemistry and Physics Projections of UV radiation changes in the 21st century: impact of ozone recovery

  19. Dimming of the Mid-20th Century Sun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foukal, Peter

    2015-01-01

    Advances in understanding of the white light faculae measured at the Royal Greenwich Observatory from 1874 to 1976 suggest that they offer a more direct measure of solar brightening by small diameter photospheric magnetic flux tubes than do chromospheric proxies. Proxies such as the area of Ca K plages, the Mg index or the microwave flux include many dark photospheric structures as well as pores and sunspots. Our reconstruction of variation in total solar irradiance,TSI,based on the faculae indicates that the sun dimmed by almost 0.1 percent in the mid- twentieth century rather than brightening as represented in previous reconstructions. This dimmimg at the sun's highest activity level since the seventeenth century is consistent with the photometric behavior observed in somewhat younger sun like stars. The prolonged TSI decrease may have contributed more to the cooling of climate between about 1940 and 1970 than present models indicate.

  20. DOE pollution prevention in the 21st century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-10-01

    This document presents abstracts of the topics covered in the DOE Pollution Prevention in the 21st Century conference held July 9-11, 1996. These topics include: model facilities; Federal/NEPA/stake- holders; microchemistry; solvents and reduction; education and outreach; return on investments; energy management; decontamination and decommissioning; planning and regulations; environmental restoration; recycling; affirmative procurement in the executive branch; construction and demolition; materials exchange; and ISO 2000.

  1. Eighteenth-century colonial American merchant ship construction 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    VanHorn, Kellie Michelle

    2005-02-17

    ); and the Charon, Yorktown, Virginia (1778). Finally, two small riverine craft were also considered: the Brown?s Ferry vessel, Black River, South Carolina (pre-1740s) and the Town Point vessel, Pensacola, Florida (1763-1781). Figure 1 shows a map of these vessel...) (Head of Department) December 2004 Major Subject: Anthropology iii ABSTRACT Eighteenth-Century Colonial American Merchant Ship Construction. (December 2004) Kellie Michelle VanHorn, B.S., Indiana University Chair of Advisory...

  2. Temporal Structure of ENSO in 20th Century Climate Simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wittenberg, Andrew

    - onal width determines how far from the equator extra-equatorial Rossby waves are generated, thus structure of ENSO in simulations of the 20th century performed with the latest generation of climate models (Japan) 2.6 15.6 177.9 GFDL-CM2.0 GFDL (USA) 2.5 14.9 171.9 IPSL-CM4 IPSL (France) 2.3 12.0 190.1 CCSM3

  3. DOE pollution prevention in the 21st century. Proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1996-12-31

    This CD-ROM contains the proceedings from the DOE Pollution Prevention in the 21st Century Conference XII held July 9-11, 1996. Topics included model facilities, federal and NEPA stakeholders, microchemistry, source 4 solvents and reduction, education and outreach planning, return on investment, energy management, decontamination and decommissioning, planning and regulations, environmental restoration, solid waste, recycling, affirmative procurement in the executive branch, construction and demolition, international and ISO 14000, and poster sessions.

  4. Extremely Large EUV Late Phase of Solar Flares

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Kai; Zhang, Jie; Cheng, Xin; Liu, Rui; Shen, Chenglong

    2015-01-01

    The second peak in the Fe XVI 33.5 nm line irradiance observed during solar flares by Extreme ultraviolet Variability Experiment (EVE) is known as Extreme UltraViolet (EUV) late phase. Our previous paper (Liu et al. 2013) found that the main emissions in the late phase are originated from large-scale loop arcades that are closely connected to but different from the post flare loops (PFLs), and we also proposed that a long cooling process without additional heating could explain the late phase. In this paper, we define the extremely large late phase because it not only has a bigger peak in the warm 33.5 irradiance profile, but also releases more EUV radiative energy than the main phase. Through detailedly inspecting the EUV images from three point-of-view, it is found that, besides the later phase loop arcades, the more contribution of the extremely large late phase is from a hot structure that fails to erupt. This hot structure is identified as a flux rope, which is quickly energized by the flare reconnection...

  5. Calcium Isotopic Variation in Marine Evaporites and Carbonates: Applications to Late Miocene Mediterranean Brine Chemistry and Late Cenozoic Calcium Cycling in the Oceans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hensley, Tabitha Michele

    2006-01-01

    purpose of drilling into the Late Messinian salts. DSDP LegsOcean Drilling Program drilled through Messinian salts while

  6. 21A.750J / STS.250J Social Theory and Analysis, Fall 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer, Michael M.J.

    This course presents a survey of social theory from the 19th century to the present. The focus is on (a) the social grounds from which the theory arises; (b) the utility and limitations of older theories for current ...

  7. Gun 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-09-05

    This thesis describes the development of a system for the procedural generation and painterly rendering of trees. Specifically, the rendered trees are modeled after those found in the oil landscape paintings of 19th century French painter Camille...

  8. A nNon-photorealistic Model for Procedural Painterly Rendered Trees in the Style of Corot 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Losure, Michael Robert

    2009-05-15

    This thesis describes the development of a system for the procedural generation and painterly rendering of trees. Specifically, the rendered trees are modeled after those found in the oil landscape paintings of 19th century French painter Camille...

  9. A study of housing modification in East Boston

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yokouchi, Toshihito

    1980-01-01

    This thesis deals with inhabitants' modifications of the 19th century sidehall houses in East Boston, now a predominantly Italian neighborhood. On the basis of the data obtained by a survey and observations, the practical ...

  10. Modern Britain History 329

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fletcher, Robin

    1 Modern Britain History 329 Consider Resources Primary Resources: diaries, letters, speeches), theses, the Web Check subject guides under: Research by Subject History By Region British Find great britain civilization 19th century encyclopedias great britain history dictionaries great britain

  11. FAMILIAS DESMEMBRADAS Y ORFANDADES: REPRESENTACIONES DE UNA ACTITUD POSMODERNA HACIA LA NACIÓN MEXICANA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tolentino, Adriana

    2009-12-10

    The image of the traditional patriarchal family as the perfect allegory for the nation has been widely used in Latin American literature since the 19th century. Within the frame of postmodernism, this study challenges and ...

  12. Three-dimensional effects on flag flapping dynamics ; [and], Study and modeling of incompressible highly variable density turbulence in the bubbly wake of a transom stern

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banerjee, Sankha, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01

    Part I: A classic problem in the field of fluid-structure interaction is the flapping-flag instability. Fluid-mechanical studies of the phenomenon date back to the 19th century, increased in number in recent years with ...

  13. Energy & the built environment : assessing renewable energy planning in Burlington, Vermont

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lay-Sleeper, Ethan

    2015-01-01

    Society's dependence on fossil fuels, spawned during the industrial revolution of the 19th century, increased the physical isolation between the sites of energy consumption, and sites of energy production. Rapid population ...

  14. Enhancing access to public spaces : an evaluation of public libraries and the urban situation in Seoul

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kang, Seunghyun, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01

    This thesis investigates the current situation of public space in the city of Seoul through public libraries. The public library has been one of the most Important civic spaces since the invention in the 19th century in ...

  15. Historicizing the landscape : recovering the aesthetics of the Alhambra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Klerk, Marianne Magdalena, 1970-

    2001-01-01

    The thesis explores the conception and evolution of the Alhambra as a monument during the 19th and 20th centuries. The contemporary monument encompasses a vast landscape complex saturated by nine hundred years of continuous ...

  16. Fashion, city, people

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernier, Beatrice

    1989-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is to investigate modern fashion as an urban phenomenon since the 19th century. Through the study of the fashion market and its formation, the intent is to explore how fashion has developed in ...

  17. Extending the grid : a formal exploration for expanding a small Colorado town

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooper, David George

    1980-01-01

    This thesis is an examination of the morphological aspects of future growth in Telluride, Colorado, a 19th - century mining town in the Rocky Mountains. Its aim is to demonstrate that further expansion of this grid settlement ...

  18. Bedford Farmhouse High Performance Retrofit Prototype

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2010-04-26

    In this case study, Building Science Corporation partnered with Habitat for Humanity of Greater Lowell on a retrofit of a mid-19th century farmhouse into affordable housing meeting Building America performance standards.

  19. Late-Middle to Late Devonian (Givetian-Famennian) tectonic and stratigraphic history of central Kentucky

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ettensohn, F.R. (Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States). Dept. of Geological Sciences); Barnett, S.F. (Bryan Coll., Dayton, TN (United States)); Norby, R.D. (Illinois State Geological Survey, Champaign, IL (United States))

    1994-04-01

    Earliest Givetian deposition in central Kentucky is represented in upper parts of the Boyle and Sellersburg formations and reflects marginal-marine to shallow-marine carbonate deposition at the end of the second tectophase of the Acadian orogeny. Inception of the third tectophase of the Acadian orogeny in the area is reflected by a disconformity or angular unconformity between the Boyle and New Albany formations, by reactivation of faults on the Kentucky river and related fault zones, and by concurrent graben formation. Succeeding late Givetian deposition is represented by the equivalent Portwood and Blocher members of the New Albany. The Portwood represents localized deposition of dolomitic breccias and black shales in grabens and half grabens, paleogeographically manifest as a series of restricted coastal lagoons and estuaries in central and east-central Kentucky. In contrast, dolomitic, Blocher black shales in west-central kentucky, beyond the effects of faulting, reflect more open, platform-lagoonal conditions. Both units are carbonate rick, contain a sparse benthic fauna, and had local sources of sediment. By latest Givetian or earliest Frasnian, local basins were largely filed, and when local sediment sources were inundated by transgression, sediment starvation, represented by a major lag zone or bone bed, ensued throughout central Kentucky, while black- and gray-shale deposition continued in deeper parts of the Illinois and Appalachian basins. During the Frasnian and early Famennian, as subsidence and transgression continued, deeper water gray- and black-shale units from the Appalachian and Illinois basins slowly onlapped the Cincinnati Arch area of central Kentucky; black shales in these units are fissile and lack both carbonates and benthic fauna. At the Devonian-Mississippian transition, however, a locally developed unconformity and structurally related erosion probably reflect inception of the fourth and final tectophase of the Acadian orogeny.

  20. Archaeological survey, paleogeography, and the search for Late Pleistocene Paleocoastal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Scott

    colonization of the Americas, but Late Pleistocene coastal sites are rare and interglacial sea level rise has island and coastal settings where sea level rise remains a significant challenge for locating early sites. Keywords: Paleoindian, Channel Islands, lithic scatter, coastal migration, sea level rise Introduction

  1. LATE QUATERNARY GLACIATION OF THE ERCIYES VOLCANO, CENTRAL TURKEY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zreda, Marek

    LATE QUATERNARY GLACIATION OF THE ERCIYES VOLCANO, CENTRAL TURKEY SARIKAYA, M. Akif1, ÇINER, Attila, Turkey, aciner@hun.edu.tr, (2) Hydrology and Water Resources, Univ of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 Mount Erciyes (3917 m), highest stratovolcano of Central Turkey, is located in the northeastern part

  2. A Diverse Assemblage of Late Cretaceous Dinosaur and Bird

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Machel, Hans

    are preserved in greater detail, but they are rare. Late Cretaceous coal-rich strata from western Canada provide, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2E3, Canada. 2 Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2E9, Canada. *To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: rcm1@ualberta.ca Fig. 1

  3. ORIGINAL PAPER Diatom-inferred late Pleistocene and Holocene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    Laboratory, British Geological Survey, Keyworth, Nottingham NG12 5GG, UK M. Gierga Á S. M. Bernasconi Mountains. Keywords Diatoms Á Stable carbon isotopes Á Ioannina Á Lake-level change Á Late Pleistocene Á Holocene Introduction The eastern Mediterranean is a key region for palaeoclimatological research

  4. Ecological consequences of early Late Pleistocene megadroughts in tropical Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reiners, Peter W.

    Ecological consequences of early Late Pleistocene megadroughts in tropical Africa Andrew S. Cohen conditions in tropical Africa occurred in several discrete episodes between 135 and 90 ka, as demonstrated]. This resulted in extraordinarily low lake levels, even in Africa's deepest lakes. On the basis of well dated

  5. ORIGINAL PAPER Late Miocene to Pleistocene potassic volcanism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL PAPER Late Miocene to Pleistocene potassic volcanism in the Republic of Macedonia Yotzo Abstract The potassic (K) to ultrapotassic (UK) volcanic rocks cropping out in the Vardar Zone of Macedonia are located in the large Kozuf Massif (Voras Massif in Greece) at the Macedonia­Greek border. Three distinct

  6. Inhomogeneous Cosmology, Inflation and Late-Time Accelerating Universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. W. Moffat

    2007-05-30

    An exact inhomogeneous solution of Einstein's field equations is shown to be able to inflate in a non-uniform way in the early universe and explain anomalies in the WMAP power spectrum data. It is also possible for the model to explain the accelerated expansion of the universe by late-time inhomogeneous structure.

  7. Visual Power: 21st Century Native American Artists/Intellectuals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farris, Phoebe

    2006-10-01

    to include ex hibits reflecting such diverse cultures as African American Quilts, Ester Hernandez: The Art of Provocation, and Co-Madres Artistas: Voces de laMujer, while still maintaining a strong Native American presence. His own work uses pop culture... art. Visual Power is an outgrowth of a 2003 College Art Association panel that I chaired titled Native American Artists/Intellectuals: Speaking for Ourselves in the 21st Century and a concurrent art exhibition of the same title that I guest curated...

  8. Flexibility in 21st Century Power Systems (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-10-01

    Flexibility of operation--the ability of a power system to respond to change in demand and supply--is a characteristic of all power systems. Flexibility is especially prized in twenty-first century power systems, with higher levels of grid-connected variable renewable energy (primarily, wind and solar). Sources of flexibility exist--and can be enhanced--across all of the physical and institutional elements of the power system, including system operations and markets, demand side resources and storage; generation; and transmission networks. Accessing flexibility requires significant planning to optimize investments and ensure that both short- and long-time power system requirements are met.

  9. Roads and cities of $18^{th}$ century France

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perret, Julien; Barthelemy, Marc

    2015-01-01

    The evolution of infrastructure networks such as roads and streets are of utmost importance to understand the evolution of urban systems. However, datasets describing these spatial objects are rare and sparse. The database presented here represents the road network at the french national level described in the historical map of Cassini in the $18^{th}$ century. The digitization of this historical map is based on a collaborative methodology that we describe in detail. This dataset can be used for a variety of interdisciplinary studies, covering multiple spatial resolutions and ranging from history, geography, urban economics to network science.

  10. Beijing Jingyi Century Automatic Equipment Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLC Jump to:Greece:Bajo enInformation ThreeLtd |Jingyi Century

  11. Jinzhou New Century Quartz Glass Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervar Hydro JumpHuari Silicon Material Co Ltd Jump to:Century

  12. 21st century Green Solutions LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan)data bookresult9) Jump to:13:28-07:00 U.S.st century

  13. Vehicle Technologies Office: 21st Century Truck Partnership | Department of

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowing YouNeedofDepartmentVOICESEnergy 21st Century Truck

  14. Propaganda, Public Information, and Prospecting: Explaining the Irrational Exuberance of Central Place Foragers During a Late Nineteenth Century Colorado Silver Rush

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glover, Susan M.

    2009-01-01

    of Heavy Load Carriage. Ergonomics 21: 373–381. Strahorn, R.With and Without Loads. Ergonomics 35: 4417– Eliasen, A. (to be Carried by Man. Ergonomics 24: 5393–399. Pimental, N.

  15. In Search of an Audience: Popular Pharmacies and the Limits of Literate Medicine in Late Seventeenth- and Early Eighteenth-Century Russia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Griffin, Clare

    2015-01-01

    in Europe. In 1605 Francis Bacon wrote the Advancement of Learning, a text advocating the greater use and official regulation of natural philosophy, which was both enlarged and rearranged when translated into Latin as De augmentis scientiarum in 1623...

  16. Modeling the potential contribution of land cover changes to the late twentieth century Sahel drought using a regional climate model: impact of lateral boundary conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, G; Yu, M; Xue, Y

    2015-01-01

    cell (referred to as desertification in this section) inand grass co-exist, desertification is applied only whereof deforestation and desertification combined do not exceed

  17. Radiation dose and late failures in prostate cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morgan, Peter B. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Hanlon, Alexandra L. [Department of Public Health, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Horwitz, Eric M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Buyyounouski, Mark K. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Uzzo, Robert G. [Department of Urologic Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Pollack, Alan [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States)]. E-mail: alan.pollack@fccc.edu

    2007-03-15

    Purpose: To quantify the impact of radiation dose escalation on the timing of biochemical failure (BF) and distant metastasis (DM) for prostate cancer treated with radiotherapy (RT) alone. Methods: The data from 667 men with clinically localized intermediate- and high-risk prostate cancer treated with three-dimensional conformal RT alone were retrospectively analyzed. The interval hazard rates of DM and BF, using the American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology (ASTRO) and Phoenix (nadir + 2) definitions, were determined. The median follow-up was 77 months. Results: Multivariate analysis showed that increasing radiation dose was independently associated with decreased ASTRO BF (p < 0.0001), nadir + 2 BF (p = 0.001), and DM (p = 0.006). The preponderance (85%) of ASTRO BF occurred at {<=}4 years after RT, and nadir + 2 BF was more evenly spread throughout Years 1-10, with 55% of BF in {<=}4 years. Radiation dose escalation caused a shift in the BF from earlier to later years. The interval hazard function for DM appeared to be biphasic (early and late peaks) overall and for the <74-Gy group. In patients receiving {>=}74 Gy, a reduction occurred in the risk of DM in the early and late waves, although the late wave appeared reduced to a greater degree. Conclusion: The ASTRO definition of BF systematically underestimated late BF because of backdating. Radiation dose escalation diminished and delayed BF; the delay suggested that local persistence may still be present in some patients. For DM, a greater radiation dose reduced the early and late waves, suggesting that persistence of local disease contributed to both.

  18. 21st Century jobs initiative - building the foundations for a 21st Century economy. Final main report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-11-01

    The 21st Century Jobs Initiative has been launched in the context of new realities in Washington, D.C., rapid restructuring of the US economy and accelerating changes in the makeup of the East Tennessee economy driven by these and other external economic forces. Continuing downward pressure on Federal budgets for programs that support three key institutions in the region - DOE`s Oak Ridge complex, the Tennessee Valley Authority and research programs of the University of Tennessee - are especially threatening to the region. With a large part of its economy dependent on Federal spending, the area is at risk of troublesome impacts that could ripple out from the Oak Ridge and Knoxville home of these institutions throughout the entire 15-county {open_quotes}Resource Valley.{close_quotes} As these economic forces play out in the region`s economy, important questions arise. How will East Tennessee {open_quotes}earn its living{close_quotes} in the future if the Federal government role in the economy shrinks? What kind of new industries will be formed to replace those at risk due to Federal cutbacks and economic restructuring? Where will the jobs come from for the next generation of job seekers? These are among the questions driving the 21st Century Jobs Initiative, an action-oriented program designed and implemented by local leaders in response to the economic challenges facing East Tennessee. Fortunately, the region`s economy is strong today. Unemployment is at near record lows in most counties. Moreover, leaders are increasingly aware of the threats on the horizon and are already moving to action. And the impacts from the forces at work on the economy will probably come slowly, over the next decade or so. Based on economic research and input from local leaders knowledgeable about the economy, the 21st Century Jobs Initiative has set forth a strategic economic development plan for the region.

  19. Persisting cold extremes under 21st-century warming scenarios

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kodra, Evan A [ORNL; Steinhaeuser, Karsten J K [ORNL; Ganguly, Auroop R [ORNL

    2011-01-01

    Analyses of climate model simulations and observations reveal that extreme cold events are likely to persist across each land-continent even under 21st-century warming scenarios. The grid-based intensity, duration and frequency of cold extreme events are calculated annually through three indices: the coldest annual consecutive three-day average of daily maximum temperature, the annual maximum of consecutive frost days, and the total number of frost days. Nine global climate models forced with a moderate greenhouse-gas emissions scenario compares the indices over 2091 2100 versus 1991 2000. The credibility of model-simulated cold extremes is evaluated through both bias scores relative to reanalysis data in the past and multi-model agreement in the future. The number of times the value of each annual index in 2091 2100 exceeds the decadal average of the corresponding index in 1991 2000 is counted. The results indicate that intensity and duration of grid-based cold extremes, when viewed as a global total, will often be as severe as current typical conditions in many regions, but the corresponding frequency does not show this persistence. While the models agree on the projected persistence of cold extremes in terms of global counts, regionally, inter-model variability and disparity in model performance tends to dominate. Our findings suggest that, despite a general warming trend, regional preparedness for extreme cold events cannot be compromised even towards the end of the century.

  20. Transforming Epidemiology for 21st Century Medicine and Public Health

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khoury, Muin J; Lam, Tram Kim; Ioannidis, John; Hartge, Patricia; Spitz, Margaret R.; Buring, Julie E.; Chanock, Stephen J.; Tourassi, Georgia; Zauber, Ann; Schully, Sheri D

    2013-01-01

    n 2012, the National Cancer Institute (NCI) engaged the scientific community to provide a vision for cancer epidemiology in the 21st century. Eight overarching thematic recommendations, with proposed corresponding actions for consideration by funding agencies, professional societies, and the research community emerged from the collective intellectual discourse. The themes are (i) extending the reach of epidemiology beyond discovery and etiologic research to include multilevel analysis, intervention evaluation, implementation, and outcomes research; (ii) transforming the practice of epidemiology by moving toward more access and sharing of protocols, data, metadata, and specimens to foster collaboration, to ensure reproducibility and replication, and accelerate translation; (iii) expanding cohort studies to collect exposure, clinical, and other information across the life course and examining multiple health-related endpoints; (iv) developing and validating reliable methods and technologies to quantify exposures and outcomes on a massive scale, and to assess concomitantly the role of multiple factors in complex diseases; (v) integrating big data science into the practice of epidemiology; (vi) expanding knowledge integration to drive research, policy, and practice; (vii) transforming training of 21st century epidemiologists to address interdisciplinary and translational research; and (viii) optimizing the use of resources and infrastructure for epidemiologic studies. These recommendations can transform cancer epidemiology and the field of epidemiology, in general, by enhancing transparency, interdisciplinary collaboration, and strategic applications of new technologies. They should lay a strong scientific foundation for accelerated translation of scientific discoveries into individual and population health benefits.

  1. Beyond the Seas: Eighteenth-Century Convict Transportation and the Widening Net of Penal Sanctions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyer, Willow Mary

    2011-01-01

    Penal Transportation in Eighteenth-Century London: Deathrecorder of London and the author of the Transportation Act,of London and the chief architect of the Transportation Act.

  2. Clean, Efficient, and Reliable Power for the 21st Century: Fact...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of Energy's Fuel Cell Technologies Office. Clean, Efficient, and Reliable Power for the 21st Century More Documents & Publications QER - Comment of Honda Motor Co., Inc. State of...

  3. EAC Presentation on the Policy Framework for a 21st Century Grid...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    save consumers money, and support a clean energy economy. Policy Framework for a 21st Century: Enabling our Secure Energy Future More Documents & Publications A POLICY...

  4. To appear in TICS, late 2002 or early 2003 Conception, Perception and the Control of Action

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pylyshyn, Zenon

    To appear in TICS, late 2002 or early 2003 Conception, Perception and the Control of Action in TICS, late 2002 or early 2003 References Li, P. W. and L. R. Gleitman (2002). "Turning the tables

  5. Ytterholmen revisited implications for the Late Wenlock stratigraphy of Gotland and coeval extinctions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ytterholmen revisited ­ implications for the Late Wenlock stratigraphy of Gotland and coeval: Ytterholmen revisited ­ implications for the Late Wenlock stratigraphy of Gotland and coeval extinctions. GFF, based on conodonts, lithology and stratigraphic boundaries, the stratigraphy of the Slite Group

  6. Natural theology and natural philosophy in the late Renaissance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woolford, Thomas

    2012-04-10

    Natural theology and natural philosophy in the late Renaissance Thomas Woolford Trinity College This dissertation is submitted to the University of Cambridge for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy November 2011 i Declaration... This dissertation is the result of my own work and includes nothing which is the outcome of work done in collaboration except where specifically indicated in the text. This dissertation is also not substantially the same as any that I have submitted for a degree...

  7. Perinatal morbidity associated with late preterm deliveries compared to deliveries between 37–40 weeks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CHENG, Yvonne W; KAIMAL, Anjali J; BRUCKNER, Tim A; Halloron, Donna R; CAUGHEY, Aaron B

    2011-01-01

    late preterm labour and in counseling women at risk for laterisk women, and early diagnosis and treatment of preterm labour. (

  8. Aegean Seals of the Late Bronze Age: Masters and Workshops, II. The First Generation Minoan Masters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Younger, John G.

    1982-01-01

    The second in a series of articles attributing Aegean sealstones and finger rings of the Late Bronze to stylistic groups.

  9. 21st century change in ocean response to climate forcing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mar?elja, Stjepan

    2015-01-01

    Modeling globally averaged information on climate forcing from the land surface temperature data, the sea surface temperatures (SST) and the empirically determined relationship between the changes in SST and the turbulent diffusion of heat into the upper ocean demonstrates a consistent link. The modeling is accurate throughout the 20th century despite the different phases of the Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation (IPO) or the strong divergence between land and ocean surface warming. It only fails during the last 15 years when SST drops well below the trend. The finding reinforces the view that slower global warming over the previous 15 years is not a caused by a negative phase of the IPO or by the variations in the upper ocean (top 700 m) warming but results from a change in the ocean behavior leading to increased heat transfer into the deeper ocean.

  10. An empirical study of faults in late propagation clone genealogies Liliane Barbour1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zou, Ying

    An empirical study of faults in late propagation clone genealogies Liliane Barbour1 , Foutse Khomh2 has an effect on the fault proneness of specific types of late propagation genealogies. Lastly, we can February 2012; Revised 21 January 2013; Accepted 15 March 2013 KEY WORDS: clone genealogies; late

  11. Surface temperature trends in Russia over the past five centuries reconstructed from borehole temperatures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biasutti, Michela

    Surface temperature trends in Russia over the past five centuries reconstructed from borehole in Russia and nearby areas to reconstruct the ground surface temperature history (GSTH) over the past five centuries. The data are drawn principally from three regions: the Urals, southwest Siberia, and northeast

  12. Science in the Cloud: Accelerating Discovery in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    Science in the Cloud: Accelerating Discovery in the 21st Century February 17, 2012 Joseph L. Moving science into the Cloud will promote data sharing and collaborations that will accelerate scientific discovery in the 21st century. 1 Introduction Recent trends in science have made computational

  13. Smart Grid Week: R&D Projects Paving the Way to the 21st Century...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Smart Grid Week: R&D Projects Paving the Way to the 21st Century Grid Smart Grid Week: R&D Projects Paving the Way to the 21st Century Grid June 4, 2013 - 10:50am Q&A What do you...

  14. Proton Radiotherapy for Parameningeal Rhabdomyosarcoma: Clinical Outcomes and Late Effects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Childs, Stephanie K. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Kozak, Kevin R. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Wisconsin Cancer Center Johnson Creek, Madison, WI (United States); Friedmann, Alison M. [Department of Pediatric Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Yeap, Beow Y. [Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Adams, Judith; MacDonald, Shannon M.; Liebsch, Norbert J.; Tarbell, Nancy J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Yock, Torunn I., E-mail: tyock@partners.org [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States)

    2012-02-01

    Purpose: To report the clinical outcome and late side effect profile of proton radiotherapy in the treatment of children with parameningeal rhabdomyosarcoma (PM-RMS). Methods and Materials: Seventeen consecutive children with PM-RMS were treated with proton radiotherapy at Massachusetts General Hospital between 1996 and 2005. We reviewed the medical records of all patients and asked referring physicians to report specific side effects of interest. Results: Median patient age at diagnosis was 3.4 years (range, 0.4-17.6). Embryonal (n = 11), alveolar (n = 4), and undifferentiated (n = 2) histologies were represented. Ten patients (59%) had intracranial extension. Median prescribed dose was 50.4 cobalt gray equivalents (GyRBE) (range, 50.4-56.0 GyRBE) delivered in 1.8-2.0-GyRBE daily fractions. Median follow-up was 5.0 years for survivors. The 5-year failure-free survival estimate was 59% (95% confidence interval, 33-79%), and overall survival estimate was 64% (95% confidence interval, 37-82%). Among the 7 patients who failed, sites of first recurrence were local only (n = 2), regional only (n = 2), distant only (n = 2), and local and distant (n = 1). Late effects related to proton radiotherapy in the 10 recurrence-free patients (median follow-up, 5 years) include failure to maintain height velocity (n = 3), endocrinopathies (n = 2), mild facial hypoplasia (n = 7), failure of permanent tooth eruption (n = 3), dental caries (n = 5), and chronic nasal/sinus congestion (n = 2). Conclusions: Proton radiotherapy for patients with PM-RMS yields tumor control and survival comparable to that in historical controls with similar poor prognostic factors. Furthermore, rates of late effects from proton radiotherapy compare favorably to published reports of photon-treated cohorts.

  15. Acute Liver Failure After a Late TIPSS Revision

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Radeleff, Boris, E-mail: Boris_radeleff@med.uni-heidelberg.de; Sommer, Christof-Matthias; Schawo, Simone; Lopez-Benitez, Ruben [University of Heidelberg, Department of Diagnostic Radiology (Germany); Sauer, Peter [University of Heidelberg, Departments of Internal Medicine IV, Gastroenterology, Hepatology, Infectious Diseases, Intoxications (Germany); Schemmer, Peter [University of Heidelberg, Department of Surgery (Germany); Kauffmann, Guenter W.; Richter, Goetz M. [University of Heidelberg, Department of Diagnostic Radiology (Germany)

    2008-01-15

    We report a rare case of late transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent shunt (TIPSS) occlusion due to progressive stent protrusion into the periportal liver parenchyma, which was a result of delayed liver shrinkage 2 years after TIPSS. The initial TIPSS procedure had been carried out in a 52-year-old man as a bridge for liver transplantation because of post-alcoholic liver cirrhosis. We describe the applied TIPSS recanalization and revision technique. Immediately after TIPSS revision acute liver failure developed, which required emergency liver transplantation.

  16. Gothic Authors/Ghost Writers: The Advent of Unauthorized Authorship in Nineteenth-Century American Gothic Literature 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jang, Ki Yoon

    2010-01-16

    the ambiguities of the gothic necessitate readers? active constructions, composed their texts without selfassumed authorial intentions. This dissertation considers how the century?s five most representative gothic writers re-configure the author as a ghost...

  17. "To make their owne termes": servant rebelliousness and the transitionto slavery in seventeenth-century Barbados and Virginia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Compton, Tonia M

    2001-01-01

    Throughout the seventeenth century the English colonies of Barbados and Virginia relied upon the institution of indentured servitude to meet their labor needs. By the end of the seventeenth century, however, both colonies had come to rely upon...

  18. Menu available 1st -19th December 2015. (Note the Riverside Restaurant is not open on Sundays).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Gispert, Adrià

    with garlic roast potatoes, green beans, celeriac purée, baby onions and pancetta £16.50 Wild mushroom pithivier, with green salad (v) £12.95 Daube of beef, grain mustard creamed potato, curly kale, thyme sauce and rum butter £5.95 3 Course Dinner @ £29.95 per person Tea/Co ee and mince pie @ £2.50 Allergies

  19. Proceedings -19th International Conference -IEEE/EMBS Oct. 30 -Nov. 2, 1997 Chicago, IL. USA NONINVASIVE MEASUREMENTOF GASTRIC PROPAGATIONUSINGA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wikswo, John

    . of Surgery, Veterans' Affairs Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37235 Abstract A vector Superconducting QUuntum

  20. Proceedings -19th International Conference -IEEE/EMBSOct. 30 -Nov. 2, 1997Chicago, IL. USA MICROFABRICATED DEVICE FOR ARTERIAL WALL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiss, Lee E.

    the atherosclerotic plaque for the purpose of delivering therapeutics beyond the plaque. Index Terms-Microprobes,microelectromechanical industry, complex electromechanical systems (MEMS) can be achieved. Applications of MEMS technology has delivery [9]. Fabrication of a coronary stent based on MEMS technology has also been demonstratedrecently

  1. 19th CIRP International Conference on Life Cycle Engineering, Berkeley, 2012 Designing Products to Encourage Conservation: Applying the Discretization Principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shu, Lily H.

    energy or resource efficiency lowers the implicit price of energy or the resource and hence makes its use, products must not only be more efficient in their use of energy and resources, as has been the goal the same tasks with less energy and/or other resources. Nevertheless, national energy consumption in all

  2. 19th World Congress of Soil Science, Soil solutions for a changing world, Brisbane, Australia 1-6 August 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ). The investigated ES were climate regulation through carbon sequestration in soil and biomass, soil conservation of these results are discussed. Key Words Land use change, socioeconomic drivers, carbon sequestration, soil

  3. Extension Comings and Goings May 2014 1 This month's Extension Connections on May 19th was another success.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Jeffrey E.

    to discuss genetically-modified foods and the science behind GMOs. Dr. Folta helped us understand what transgenic foods are, what the process consists of, and how this technology can help us address issues such as food security in the USA and abroad. In addition, he provided helpful information and talking points

  4. Nuclear's role in 21. century Pacific rim energy use

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Singer, Clifford; Taylor, J'Tia [Department of Nuclear, Plasma, and Radiological Engineering, MC-234, 103 S. Goodwin Ave., University of Illinios at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States)

    2007-07-01

    Extrapolations contrast the future of nuclear energy use in Japan and the Republic of Korea (ROK) to that of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). Japan can expect a gradual rise in the nuclear fraction of a nearly constant total energy use rate as the use of fossil fuels declines. ROK nuclear energy rises gradually with total energy use. ASEAN's total nuclear energy use rate can rapidly approach that of the ROK if Indonesia and Vietnam make their current nuclear energy targets by 2020, but experience elsewhere suggests that nuclear energy growth may be slower than planned. Extrapolations are based on econometric calibration to a utility optimization model of the impact of growth of population, gross domestic product, total energy use, and cumulative fossil carbon use. Fractions of total energy use from fluid fossil fuels, coal, water-driven electrical power production, nuclear energy, and wind and solar electric energy sources are fit to market fractions data. Where historical data is insufficient for extrapolation, plans for non-fossil energy are used as a guide. Extrapolations suggest much more U.S. nuclear energy and spent nuclear fuel generation than for the ROK and ASEAN until beyond the first half of the twenty-first century. (authors)

  5. Wave Propagation in Gravitational Systems: Late Time Behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. S. C. Ching; P. T. Leung; W. M. Suen; K. Young

    1995-07-14

    It is well-known that the dominant late time behavior of waves propagating on a Schwarzschild spacetime is a power-law tail; tails for other spacetimes have also been studied. This paper presents a systematic treatment of the tail phenomenon for a broad class of models via a Green's function formalism and establishes the following. (i) The tail is governed by a cut of the frequency Green's function $\\tilde G(\\omega)$ along the $-$~Im~$\\omega$ axis, generalizing the Schwarzschild result. (ii) The $\\omega$ dependence of the cut is determined by the asymptotic but not the local structure of space. In particular it is independent of the presence of a horizon, and has the same form for the case of a star as well. (iii) Depending on the spatial asymptotics, the late time decay is not necessarily a power law in time. The Schwarzschild case with a power-law tail is exceptional among the class of the potentials having a logarithmic spatial dependence. (iv) Both the amplitude and the time dependence of the tail for a broad class of models are obtained analytically. (v) The analytical results are in perfect agreement with numerical calculations.

  6. Dark Matter from Late Invisible Decays to/of Gravitinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rouzbeh Allahverdi; Bhaskar Dutta; Farinaldo S. Queiroz; Louis E. Strigari; Mei-Yu Wang

    2014-12-27

    In this work, we sift a simple supersymmetric framework of late invisible decays to/of the gravitino. We investigate two cases where the gravitino is the lightest supersymmetric particle or the next-to-lightest supersymmetric particle. The next-to-lightest supersymmetric particle decays into two dark matter candidates and has a long lifetime due to gravitationally suppressed interactions. However, because of the absence of any hadronic or electromagnetic products, it satisfies the tight bounds set by big bang nucleosynthesis and cosmic microwaved background. One or both of the dark matter candidates produced in invisible decays can contribute to the amount of dark radiation and suppress perturbations at scales that are being probed by the galaxy power spectrum and the Lyman-alpha forest data. We show that these constraints are satisfied in large regions of the parameter space and, as a result, the late invisible decays to/of the gravitino can be responsible for the entire dark matter relic abundance.

  7. Preliminary High-Resolution Time-Lines Through the Cenomanian-Turonian (Late Cretaceous) Oceanic Anoxic Event (OAE 2)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keller, Allison Lynn

    2015-01-01

    1984). Late Cretaceous stratigraphy, sedimentology, andnorthern Spain): stratigraphy, sedimentology, ammonitein Sedimentology and Paleontology, SEPM, Stratigraphy and

  8. Energy transitions in the early 21st Century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paul Meakin

    2013-01-01

    We are in the early stages of a long and complex transition from a global economy based on fossil energy to an economy based on low carbon renewable energy. However, fossil fuel resources are abundant and widely distributed, and they will remain the dominant source of primary energy for at least the next quarter century. In the United States, displacement of coal by natural gas for electric power generation has done more to reduce CO2 emissions than all new renewables combined, and this may occur globally for the next decade or two, even if the European Union does not take advantage of its large unconventional natural gas resources. Greater energy efficiency (not including the efficiencies associated with displacement of coal by gas) will also be more important than new renewables. Cost/benefit ratios are important for sustainability of the transition, and some energy efficiency technologies and displacement of coal by natural gas have lower cost/benefit ratios than wind power, solar power or biofuels. Money spent on the large scale deployment of wind, solar and especially biofuels would be better spent on research, development and demonstration of a broader suite of technologies that would support the energy transition, with a focus on improving the cost benefit ratios of already deployed technologies and developing alternatives. Advanced nuclear reactors, engineered geothermal systems, fossil fuel recovery coupled with CO2 sequestration and pre-combustion or post-combustion decarbonation of fossil fuels with geological CO2 sequestration are among the technologies that might be more cost effective than wind, solar or biofuels, and biofuels have serious adverse societal and environment consequences.

  9. Affleck-Dine condensate, late thermalization and the gravitino problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rouzbeh Allahverdi; Anupam Mazumdar

    2008-06-24

    In this clarifying note we discuss the late decay of an Affleck-Dine condensate by providing a no-go theorem that attributes to conserved global charges which are identified by the net particle number in fields which are included in the flat direction(s). For a rotating condensate, this implies that: (1) the net baryon/lepton number density stored in the condensate is always conserved, and (2) the total particle number density in the condensate cannot decrease. This reiterates that, irrespective of possible non-perturbative particle production due to $D$-terms in a multiple flat direction case, the prime decay mode of an Affleck-Dine condensate will be perturbative as originally envisaged. As a result, cosmological consequences of flat directions such as delayed thermalization as a novel solution to the gravitino overproduction problem will remain virtually intact.

  10. A Case of Late Femoral Pseudoaneurysm Caused by Stent Disconnection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rivolta, Nicola [University of Insubria, Department of Surgical Sciences, Vascular Surgery, Varese University Hospital (Italy); Fontana, Federico [University of Insubria, Department of Radiology, Interventional Radiology, Varese University Hospital (Italy); Piffaretti, Gabriele, E-mail: gabriele.piffaretti@uninsubria.it; Tozzi, Matteo [University of Insubria, Department of Surgical Sciences, Vascular Surgery, Varese University Hospital (Italy); Carrafiello, Gianpaolo [University of Insubria, Department of Radiology, Interventional Radiology, Varese University Hospital (Italy)

    2010-10-15

    We present the case of a late superficial femoral artery stent disconnection causing an asymptomatic pseudoaneurysm successfully treated with a stent-graft. A 67-year-old female was referred to our department for evaluation of claudication of the left lower limb and was diagnosed to have a total occlusion of the superficial femoral artery. Three nitinol stents were used to revascularize this artery. At 48 months, duplex-ultrasonography control revealed the presence of a 45-mm saccular femoral dilatation; X-rays and CT angiography showed fractures of the proximal stents and the presence of a pseudoaneurysm at the site of the distal stents disconnection. The pseudoaneurysm was excluded using two stent-grafts. We conclude that patients and surgeons should be aware of structural complications with all stents. Rigorous follow-up controls should be mandatory. Endovascular repair proved to be feasible and durable to manage a previous endovascular procedure.

  11. Hydrology of modern and late Holocene lakes, Death Valley, California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grasso, D.N.

    1996-07-01

    Above-normal precipitation and surface-water runoff, which have been generally related to the cyclic recurrence of the El Nino-Southern Oscillation, have produced modern ephemeral lakes in the closed-basin Death Valley watershed. This study evaluates the regional hydroclimatic relations between precipitation, runoff, and lake transgressions in the Death Valley watershed. Recorded precipitation, runoff, and spring discharge data for the region are used in conjunction with a closed-basin, lake-water-budget equation to assess the relative contributions of water from these sources to modern lakes in Death Valley and to identify the requisite hydroclimatic changes for a late Holocene perennial lake in the valley. As part of the Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Program, an evaluation of the Quaternary regional paleoflood hydrology of the potential nuclear-waste repository site at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, was planned. The objectives of the evaluation were (1) to identify the locations and investigate the hydraulic characteristics of paleofloods and compare these with the locations and characteristics of modern floods, and (2) to evaluate the character and severity of past floods and debris flows to ascertain the potential future hazards to the potential repository during the pre-closure period (US Department of Energy, 1988). This study addresses the first of these objectives, and the second in part, by assessing and comparing the sizes, locations, and recurrence rates of modern, recorded (1962--83) floods and late Holocene paleofloods for the 8,533-mi{sup 2}, closed-basin, Death Valley watershed with its contributing drainage basins in the Yucca Mountain site area.

  12. Public Health in East and Southeast Asia: Challenges and Opportunities in the Twenty-First Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Detels, Roger; Sullivan, Sheena G.; Tan, Chorh Chuan

    2012-01-01

    Sheena G. Sullivan, and Chorh Chuan Tan 2. Changes in SocialSheena G. Sullivan, and Chorh Chuan Tan Contributors Index 1G. Sullivan, and Chorh Chuan Tan The twentieth century was a

  13. The face of the German house : modernization and cultural anxiety in twentieth-century architectural photographs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiss, Kirsten (Kirsten Anne)

    2008-01-01

    This dissertation proposes that architectural photography-which became an independent genre in twentieth century Germany-was a primary route along which the cultural and political conflicts of modernization were addressed ...

  14. Tropical Pacific response to 20th century Atlantic warming F. Kucharski,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kang, In-Sik

    and L. Feudale1 Received 16 November 2010; accepted 13 December 2010; published 1 February 2011. [1. Feudale (2011), Tropical Pacific response to 20th century Atlantic warming, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L

  15. Roadmap and technical white papers for the 21st century truck partnership

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None, None

    2006-12-01

    21st Century Truck Partnership will support the development and implementation of technologies that will cut fuel use and emissions and enhance safety, affordability, and performance of trucks and buses.

  16. EPIDEMIOLOGIC TRANSITION AMONG A NATIVE AMERICAN COMMUNITY IN KANSAS DURING THE 20TH CENTURY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corbett, Steve

    2014-05-31

    This dissertation is an examination of the mortality patterns of Native Americans during the 20th century, particularly the Prairie Band Potawatomi Reservation and surrounding communities in Kansas. Shifts in mortality ...

  17. A SEMI-QUANTITATIVE, REGIONAL PRECIPITATION DATA SET FOR STUDYING AFRICAN CLIMATES OF THE NINETEENTH CENTURY,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicholson, Sharon E.

    of records for 60 stations in Algeria, 87 stations in South Africa and 304 stations scattered over the rest to statistical analysis, in order to investigate nineteenth century climate over Africa. Spatial detail is added

  18. Colliers in Corsets? Uncovering Stark County's Nineteenth-Century Coal Mining Women

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sampson, Jason

    2012-01-01

    notion of family labor that persisted in the coal mines. InAmerican women first entered the coal mines en masse, theyCounty’s Nineteenth-Century Coal Mining Women According to

  19. Blackening Character, Imagining Race, and Mapping Morality: Tarring and Feathering in Nineteenth Century American Literature 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trninic, Marina

    2013-08-05

    This study examines the ritual of tarring and feathering within specific American cultural contexts and literary works of the nineteenth-century to show how the discourse surrounding the actual and figurative practice ...

  20. Communal Formations: Development of Gendered Identities in Early Twentieth-Century Women’s Periodicals 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monteiro, Emily Anne Janda

    2013-05-03

    Women’s periodicals at the start of the twentieth-century were not just recorders but also producers of social and cultural change. They can be considered to both represent and construct gender codes, offering readers ...

  1. Between architectures : institutionalization and architectural discourse in early twentieth-century Poland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matteson, Matthew Benjamin

    2014-01-01

    This dissertation explores the development by architects in interwar Poland of new epistemological approaches responsive to the challenges of modernity and modernization in the early twentieth century. It probes the ...

  2. In the Interest of the State: Production Politics in the Nineteenth Century Prison

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Staples, William G.

    1990-08-01

    During the nineteenth century, the jails, penitentiaries, and reformatories of America were "industrialized" under both public and private production regimes. Society-centered revisionist writing in both sociology and ...

  3. Memory of Islam : culture and politics in sixteenth-century religious architecture of Mexico and Peru

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Autorino, Salvatore

    1994-01-01

    This thesis presents a comparative study of two church typologies employed in the Spanish American colonies during the sixteenth century. The first, developed in Mexico, is the Open Chapel; the second, which I call "Lateral" ...

  4. Colliers in Corsets? Uncovering Stark County's Nineteenth-Century Coal Mining Women

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sampson, Jason

    2012-01-01

    Nineteenth-Century Coal Mining Women According to the Uniteddid not enter underground mining until four decades ago. Theis that some women in the mining region of Stark County,

  5. Creating Mother: Mother's Legacies in the Context of the Conduct Literature of Seventeenth-Century England 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morales, Cecilia Ann

    2013-02-04

    This thesis, focusing on seventeenth-century English writers, examines the genre of Mothers’ Legacies in relation to the conduct literature being written around the same time. It discusses the manner in which the women writers of Mothers’ Legacies...

  6. Nature's objects : geology, aesthetics, and the understanding of materiality in eighteenth-century Britain and France

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferng, Jennifer Hsiao-Mei

    2012-01-01

    Explorations of aesthetic design and scientific experimentation have traditionally relied upon the natural world as a source of inspiration. Notably absent from previous studies of the eighteenth century is the dynamic ...

  7. Shaping "The Second Half Century" : the Architectural Review, 1947-1971

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erten, Erdem, 1972-

    2004-01-01

    This study explores the editorial policies of the British periodical, The Architectural Review, in the quarter century between 1947 and 1971. In January 1947, its fiftieth anniversary, The Architectural Review published ...

  8. Review of The Arsenic Century: How Victorian Britain was Poisoned at Home, Work, and Play

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ritvo, Harriet; Ritvo, Harriet

    In this disheartening chronicle, James C. Whorton fully justifies both his title and his subtitle. Of course arsenic was not a product of the nineteenth–century chemical imagination, as were, for example, aniline dyes and ...

  9. HEALTHY AGEING IN THE 21ST CENTURY: THE BEST IS YET TO COME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birmingham, University of

    Inspector of General Practice for the Care Quality Commission* and General Practitioner in innerHEALTHY AGEING IN THE 21ST CENTURY: THE BEST IS YET TO COME Birmingham Policy Commission The Report

  10. Shan Sun Rainer Bleck Multi-century simulations with the coupled GISSHYCOM climate model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shan Sun Æ Rainer Bleck Multi-century simulations with the coupled GISS­HYCOM climate model models. Diversity in model design is one of the very few S. Sun (&) NASA Goddard Institute for Space

  11. Opinion: Building a 21st-century infrastructure for the social sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OPINION Opinion: Building a 21st-century infrastructure for the social sciences Emilio F. Morana. For example, by using data from social networking sites, business transactions, smart phones, and online

  12. Transitions in domestic architecture and home culture in twentieth century Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karimi, Z. Pamela (Zahra Pamela)

    2009-01-01

    This dissertation explores the transformation of the Iranian home in twentieth century Iran. While surveying the socio political underpinnings and aesthetic ends of domesticity in Iranian culture from the early twentieth ...

  13. The writings of Louisa Tuthill : cultivating architectural taste in nineteenth-century America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allaback, Sarah

    1993-01-01

    This dissertation discusses the architectural writings of Louisa Tuthill ( 1798-1879), a little known nineteenth-century American author. Tuthill has been acknowledged for her History of Architecture from the Earliest Times ...

  14. Land regeneration for the 21st Century in the Mersey Belt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newlands Land regeneration for the 21st Century in the Mersey Belt objectives Newlands (New in the Mersey Belt to support the social and economic regeneration of the area (phase one 2003-2009); improving

  15. SEA-LEVEL RISE IN NEW YORK IN THE 21ST CENTURY: PROJECTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Minghua

    -LEVEL RISE IN NEW YORK IN THE 21ST CENTURY: PROJECTION AND METHODOLOGY TR-0 ....................................................................................................................................... 21 New York City Panel on Climate Change (NPCC, 2015 by 2100. SLR in this report is compared with projection by the New York

  16. Probabilistic projections of 21st century climate change over Northern Eurasia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monier, Erwan

    We present probabilistic projections of 21st century climate change over Northern Eurasia using the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Integrated Global System Model (IGSM), an integrated assessment model that ...

  17. Probabilistic Projections of 21st Century Climate Change over Northern Eurasia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monier, Erwan

    2013-07-18

    We present probabilistic projections of 21st century climate change over Northern Eurasia using the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Integrated Global System Model (IGSM), an integrated assessment model that ...

  18. The Five Great Space Repository Bodhisattvas: Lineage, Protection and Celestial Authority in Ninth-Century Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedersen, Hillary

    2010-12-31

    This dissertation explores the protective role of the Five Great Space Repository Bodhisattva (Godai Kokuzo Bosastu) sculptural pentads in Japan during the mid-ninth-century. While existing art historical scholarship ...

  19. Late Miocene northward propagation of the northeast Pamir thrust system, northwest China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, JA; Burbank, DW; Li, T; Chen, J; Bookhagen, B

    2015-01-01

    of a foreland basin uplift from Paleogene synorogenicfor late Cenozoic uplift of the Tianshan Mountains, Earth11 Ma acceleration in erosion and uplift of the Tian Shan

  20. A report on late Quaternary vertebrate fossil assemblages from the eastern San Francisco Bay region, California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    H.G. 1996. Biogeography and paleoecology of ground sloths inmorphometrics informs the paleoecology of Pacific- coastpp. Wolff, R.G. 1971. Paleoecology of a Late Pleistocene (

  1. Evaluation of Thematic Map Design in Geographical Journals in the 20th Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slocum, Terry A.

    2011-11-16

    Evaluating Thematic Map Design in Geographical Journals Published in the Twentieth Century Terry A. Slocum, University of Kansas Fritz C. Kessler, Frostburg State University From McMaster (Geographical Review 1960, 80).From Hooson (Geographical... of cartographic texts and coursework in cartography We hypothesized an improvement in map design over the 20th century due to: Countering this hypothesized improvement was the fact that assistance in map design for both journals ended in the 1970s. Some...

  2. Preliminary Assessment of the Relevance of Nature Centers in the 21st Century 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Higgins, Marian Ellen

    2011-10-21

    ASSESSMENT OF THE RELEVANCE OF NATURE CENTERS IN THE 21ST CENTURY A Thesis by MARIAN ELLEN HIGGINS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 2010 Major Subject: Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences Preliminary Assessment of the Relevance of Nature Centers in the 21st Century Copyright 2010 Marian Ellen Higgins...

  3. The water street ship: preliminary analysis of an eighteenth-century merchant ship's bow 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosloff, Jay Paul

    1986-01-01

    THE WATER STREET SHIP: PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS OF AN EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY MERCHANT SHIP'S BOW A Thesis by JAY PAUL ROSLOFF Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF ARTS May 1986 Major Subject: Anthropology THE WATER STREET SHIP: PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS OF AN EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY MERCHANT SHIP'S BOW A Thesis by JAY PAUL ROSLOFF Approved as to style and content by: J. R. Steffy (Chairman of Co mittee...

  4. A review of "Literature and Religious Culture in Seventeenth-Century England." by Reid Barbour 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holly Faith Nelson

    2005-01-01

    difficult to follow, this contribution to scholarship on early modern literature, drama, and religious history is knowledgeable and insightful. Reid Barbour. Literature and Religious Culture in Seventeenth-Century England. Cambridge: Cambridge University... Press, 2002. viii + 282 pp. ?45.00. Review by HOLLY FAITH NELSON, TRINITY WESTERN UNIVERSITY. Literature and Religious Culture in Seventeenth-Century England is a welcome addition to the field of early modern cultural studies. Reid Barbour has...

  5. A review of "The Limits of Orientalism: Seventeenth-Century Representations of India" by Rahul Sapra 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rao, Nagendra

    2012-01-01

    to the Prince upon severall occasions? in future anthologies. His inclusion would allow us to paint a fuller picture of the civil war experience. Rahul Sapra. The Limits of Orientalism: Seventeenth-Century Representations of India. Newark:: University... and by implication all Indians in another. ?e aim of ?e Limits of Orientalism: Seventeenth-Century Representations of India is to show that a simplistic interpretation of eastern culture and civilization is unwarranted and undesirable, since it produces faulty...

  6. A review of "Psychosomatic Disorders in Seventeenth Century French Literature" by Bernadette Hofer 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woshinsky, Barbara R.

    2010-01-01

    55 Bernadette H?fer. Psychosomatic Disorders in Seventeenth-Century French Literature. Farnham, England; Burlington, VT, USA: Ashgate, 2009. xiii + 245 pp. + 4 illus. $99.95. Review by barbara r. woshinsky, university of miami. This wide... in the French seventeenth century; that dualistic views reinforced the oppressive practices of the absolute monarchy; and that, in contrast, representations of psychosomatic disorders posed a ?clandestine, indeed repressed challenge to the hierarchical...

  7. The Provincial Cemeteries of Naga ed-Deir: A Comprehensive Study of Tomb Models Dating from the Late Old Kingdom to the Late Middle Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kroenke, Karin Roberta

    2010-01-01

    138). Manchester 4738 and 4734 (Petrie 1907: 12; MurrayRifeh (Manchester 4738 and 4734) that provide the servants?For comparison, see Manchester 4734, from the mid-late 12 th

  8. CLADID CRINOIDS FROM THE LATE KINDERHOOKIAN MEADVILLE SHALE, CUYAHOGA FORMATION OF OHIO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammer, Thomas

    CLADID CRINOIDS FROM THE LATE KINDERHOOKIAN MEADVILLE SHALE, CUYAHOGA FORMATION OF OHIO THOMAS W--A total of 17 species of cladid crinoids are documented from the late Kinderhookian Meadville Shale Member Mississippian Meadville Shale at Richfield, Summit County, Ohio were first noted by Hall (1863) and later fully

  9. Late Quaternary variability of sedimentary nitrogen isotopes in the eastern South Pacific Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demouchy, Sylvie

    Late Quaternary variability of sedimentary nitrogen isotopes in the eastern South Pacific Ocean), Late Quaternary variability of sedimentary nitrogen isotopes in the eastern South Pacific Ocean) in the water columns of the Arabian Sea (AS) and the eastern North and South Pacific oceans (ENP; ESP) holds

  10. Trepanation in South-Central Peru During the Early Late Intermediate Period (ca. AD 10001250)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cosmides, Leda

    Trepanation in South-Central Peru During the Early Late Intermediate Period (ca. AD 1000-two individuals from Andahuaylas, AMS radiocarbon dated to the early Late Intermediate Period (ca. AD 1000 grooving, drilling and boring, and lin- ear cutting were far less successful. Evidence of perioperative

  11. Late Fusion of Compact Composite Descriptors for Retrieval from Heterogeneous Image Databases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arampatzis, Avi

    Late Fusion of Compact Composite Descriptors for Retrieval from Heterogeneous Image Databases-search. While early fusion has been common, late fu- sion still remains an under-explored possibility. Compact University of Thrace Xanthi, Greece schatzic@ee.duth.gr, avi@ee.duth.gr ABSTRACT Compact composite

  12. CROPS AND SOILS RESEARCH PAPER Improved weather-based late blight risk management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Douches, David S.

    CROPS AND SOILS RESEARCH PAPER Improved weather-based late blight risk management: comparing models of weather data. Although many new digital weather and forecast datasets are gridded data, the current improvements made to an artificial neuralnetwork for forecasting weather-based potato late blight (Phytophthora

  13. Late-time particle emission from laser-produced graphite plasma S. S. Harilal,a)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harilal, S. S.

    Late-time particle emission from laser-produced graphite plasma S. S. Harilal,a) A. Hassanein online 6 September 2011) We report a late-time "fireworks-like" particle emission from laser was investigated using fast gated imaging and visible emission spectroscopy. The emission dynamics of plasma

  14. A fossil primate of uncertain affinities from the earliest late Eocene of Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Doug M.

    A fossil primate of uncertain affinities from the earliest late Eocene of Egypt Erik R. Seifferta,1- mate from the earliest late Eocene (37 Ma) of northern Egypt, Nos- mipsaenigmaticus, whosephylogenetic of fossil primates from the Eocene of Algeria (1) and Egypt (2­4), Africa's role in the early evolution

  15. Factors of paleosol formation in a Late Cretaceous eolian sand sheet paleoenvironment, Marlia Formation, Southeastern Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    Formation, Southeastern Brazil Patrick Francisco Führ Dal' Bó a, , Giorgio Basilici a , Rômulo Simões), Brazil b IG ­ Universidade Federal do Pará, 66075-110, Belém (PA), Brazil a b s t r a c ta r t i c l e i Late Cretaceous The Marília Formation, which crops out in southeastern Brazil, is interpreted as a Late

  16. PROCEEDINGS 1 Late-run Sockeye Salmon in the Fraser River, British Columbia,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hinch, Scott G.

    PROCEEDINGS · 1 Late-run Sockeye Salmon in the Fraser River, British Columbia, are Experiencing University of Guelph [Note: Figures for Lapointe et al are included at the end of this paper.] Abstract Late-run stocks are unique among Fraser River sockeye salmon populations in that they typically delay in Georgia

  17. Late-Successional Biomass Development in Northern Hardwood-Conifer Forests of the Northeastern United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermont, University of

    Late-Successional Biomass Development in Northern Hardwood-Conifer Forests of the Northeastern of biomass dynamics in relation to stand development. Our study evaluated competing hypotheses regarding late-successional biomass dynamics in northern hardwood-conifer forests using a data set spanning the north- eastern United

  18. Inhomogeneous big bang nucleosynthesis with late-decaying massive particles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Lopez-Suarez; R. Canal

    1998-04-22

    We investigate the possibility of accounting for the currently inferred primordial abundances of D, 3He, 4He, and 7Li by big bang nucleosynthesis in the presence of baryon density inhomogeneities plus the effects of late-decaying massive particles (X), and we explore the allowed range of baryonic fraction of the closure density Omega_b in such context. We find that, depending on the parameters of this composite model (characteristic size and density contrast of the inhomogeneities; mass-density, lifetime, and effective baryon number in the decay of the X-particles), values as high as \\Omega_{b}h_{50}^{2}\\simeq 0.25-0.35 could be compatible with the primordial abundances of the light nuclides. We include diffusion of neutrons and protons at all stages, and we consider the contribution of the X particles to the energy density, the entropy production by their decay, the possibility that the X-products could photodissociate the light nuclei produced during the previous stages of nucleosynthesis, and also the possibility that the decay products of the X-particles would include a substantial fraction of hadrons. Specific predictions for the primordial abundance of Be are made.

  19. Material culture in Late Antique Egypt: between pagan tradition and Christian assimilation.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ricci, Luca

    2015-01-01

    documented recalls the story of Isis, who ran along the Nilein the fourth century from Isis holding Harpocrates to theby the statuettes of Bes, Isis and Harpokrates often found

  20. The China Prize Essay Contest and the Late Qing Promotion of Modern Science Benjamin A. Elman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elman, Benjamin

    of local Chinese intelligentsia and overseas students in Japan and Europe. The political consequences that had for centuries successfully induced literati acceptance of the imperial system. The essay contest

  1. The value of a body : anatomy lessons in nineteenth-century British Literature and visual culture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vernoy, Lisa Beth; Vernoy, Lisa Beth

    2012-01-01

    Print. “The Late Horrible Murders in Edinburgh, to ObtainItalian Boy: A Tale of Murder and Body Snatching in 1830sPreventing the Horrid Crime of Murder, 1752. 2&3 Gul. IV c.

  2. Water driven : New Orleans City Hall as a sustainable civic center for 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sangthong, Pholkrit

    2008-01-01

    The devastating struck of Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans in late summer of 2005 was deadly and immense. The storm destroyed over 170 drinking water facilities and 47 wastewater treatments around the city, and resulted ...

  3. Between Trade and Legitimacy, Maritime and Continent: The Zheng Organization in Seventeenth-Century East Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hang, Xing

    2010-01-01

    it, the Qing maintained a garrison until the late nineteenthreach a greatly relieved garrison. 120 Liang’s decision tono response from the garrison, planned to storm Nanjing the

  4. Approaches to fifteenth- and early sixteenth-century painting in Dalmatia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, Laurel Elizabeth

    2009-01-01

    Friars in Late Medieval Croatia, 1213-1460. ” University ofand Child in Old Art of Croatia. Edited by Vlatko Pavelti?,Painted Crucifixes in Croatia. Edited by Albert Goldstein

  5. Difference spectra of late intermediates of the bacteriorhodopsin photocycle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Govindjee, R.; Dancshazy, Zs.; Ebrey, T.G. (Univ. of Illinois, Urbana (United States))

    1989-01-01

    The flash-induced difference absorbance spectra of bacteriorhodopsin (BR) were measured at various times after an actinic flash using a diode array spectrophotometer (300-700 nm). Difference spectra for three late bacteriorhodopsin photocycle intermediates M[sup fast] (M[sup f]), M[sup slow] (M[sup s]) and R are reported. The main distinguishing features of the 3 difference spectra at pH = 10.5 and 5C are as follows: M[sup f]: [triangle]A[sub max] = 412 nm, a shoulder at 436 nm, no absorbance change at 350 nm, [triangle]A[sub min] = 565 nm, [triangle]A412/[triangle]A565 = 0.8-0.9. M[sup s]: [triangle]A[sub max] = 412 nm, a shoulder at 386 nm, [triangle]A[sub min] = 570-575 nm, [triangle]A412/[triangle]A575 = 0.6. R: [triangle]A[sub max] = 336 and 350 nm (double peak ), minor peaks at 386 and 412 nms, [triangle]A[sub min] = 585-590 nm; [triangle]A350/[triangle]A585 = 0.2. The t[sub 1/2] of M[sup f], M[sup s] and R and the relative weights of BR570 recovered with these rates are: 1 sec (50%), 3-5 sec (25%) and 35 sec (25%) respectively. These spectral features can also be seen at pH = 7, [minus]16C, and at pH = 9-10.5, 20C. Based on some assumptions, the absorption maximum of R was calculated to be at ca. 550 nm. The extinction coefficient of R is approximately 70% that of light-adapted BR.

  6. The Near-Ultraviolet Continuum of Late-Type Stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlos Allende Prieto; David L. Lambert

    2000-01-28

    Analyses of the near-ultraviolet continuum of late-type stars have led to controversial results regarding the performance of state-of-the-art model atmospheres. The release of the homogeneous IUE final archive and the availability of the high-accuracy Hipparcos parallaxes provide an opportunity to revisit this issue, as accurate stellar distances make it possible to compare observed absolute fluxes with the predictions of model atmospheres. The near-UV continuum is highly sensitive to Teff and [Fe/H], and once the gravity is constrained from the parallax, these parameters may be derived from the analysis of low-dispersion "long-wavelength" (2000-3000 A) IUE spectra for stars previously studied by Alonso et al. (1996; A&AS 117, 227) using the Infrared Flux Method (IRFM). A second comparison is carried out against the stars spectroscopically investigated by Gratton et al. (1996; A&A 314, 191). It is shown that there is a good agreement between Teffs obtained from the IRFM and from the near-UV continuum, and a remarkable correspondence between observed and synthetic fluxes for stars with 4000 <= Teff <= 6000 K of any metallicity and gravity. These facts suggest that model atmospheres provide an adequate description of the near-UV continuum forming region and that the opacities involved are essentially understood. For cooler stars, the results of the IRFM are no longer reliable, as shown by Alonso et al., but the discrepancy noticed for stars hotter than 6000 K may reflect problems in the model atmospheres and/or the opacities at these higher temperatures.

  7. Californians must learn from the past and work together to meet the forest and fire challenges of the next century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kocher, Susan

    2015-01-01

    that can better adapt to the fire and climate conditions ofconifer forest: Habitat and fire hazard implications. Forestto meet the forest and fire challenges of the next century

  8. Department: HIST Course No.: 259W

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    , their writing skills. Readings will consist largely, possibly even exclusively, of primary sources of mid-19 th century understandings of urban epidemics, to be based on primary and secondary sources Century Credits: 3 Contact: Caner WQ: W Catalog Copy: Course Information: The course explores the history

  9. Post-1906 stress recovery of the San Andreas fault system calculated from three-dimensional finite element analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    century as in the 19th century. In this paper I use finite element analysis to address the question, how element analysis Tom Parsons U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park, California, USA Received 23 August 2001 area seismic hazard assessment. This study presents a three-dimensional (3-D) finite element simulation

  10. Duality for Lattices with Operators: a modal logic approach.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koolen, Marijn

    , starting with the work of Boole. Its main aim is to study logic from an algebraic perspective in order. This work belongs to the #12;eld of algebraic logic. Algebraic logic has its roots in the 19th century to translate problems in logic to (uni- versal) algebraic questions. At the beginning of the twentieth century

  11. Adaptation to Climate Change in Preindustrial Iceland By Matthew A. Turner, Jeffrey S. Rosenthal, Jian Chen, and Chunyan Hao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenthal, Jeffrey S.

    Adaptation to Climate Change in Preindustrial Iceland By Matthew A. Turner, Jeffrey S. Rosenthal and 19th century Iceland. We find that a year 1 C cooler than average drives down popu- lation growthth century Icelanders adapt to prolonged changes in climate: these adaptations take about 20 years

  12. A review of "Cartesian Metaphysics: The Late Scholastic Origins of Modern Philosophy." by Jorge Secada 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luciano Boschiero

    2002-01-01

    : The Late Scholastic Origins of Modern Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000. x + 333 pp. + $59.95. Review by LUCIANO BOSCHIERO, UNIVER- SITY OF NEW SOUTH WALES. Most of the scholarly works during the past fifteen years re- garding...

  13. Zwitterionic late transition metal alkene polymerisation catalysts containing aminofulvene-aldiminate (AFA) ligands 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rahman, Mohammed Mahmudur

    2010-01-01

    Over recent years significant progress has been made in the design and development of late transition metal cationic catalysts for olefin polymerisation. Never-the-less, the activation of catalyst precursors and generation ...

  14. Mars in the late Noachian : evolution of a habitable surface environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Sarah Stewart

    2008-01-01

    This dissertation addresses whether simple life forms might have existed on Mars during the late Noachian epoch, and whether those life forms, or their traces, can be detected today. It begins by analyzing the ancient ...

  15. Climate drying and associated forest decline in the lowlands of northern Guatemala during the late Holocene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    Climate drying and associated forest decline in the lowlands of northern Guatemala during the late 2008 Keywords: Guatemala Holocene Lake sediments Environmental changes Tropical palaeoclimate of northern Guatemala. The question remains as to whether this vegetation change was driven exclusively

  16. Late Cretaceous to Paleocene oroclinal bending in the central Pontides (Turkey)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Late Cretaceous to Paleocene oroclinal bending in the central Pontides (Turkey) Maud J. M. Meijers (Turkey), Tectonics, 29, TC4016, doi:10.1029/2009TC002620. 1. Introduction [2] The Turkish Pontides

  17. International Joint Research Project "Physical Violence and State Legitimacy in Late Socialism"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schubart, Christoph

    International Joint Research Project "Physical Violence and State Legitimacy in Late Socialism Regensburg Beyond Systemic Divides: Experience and Remembrance of Physical Violence in Soviet and post and the SAP Kosovo Robert Luci, ZZF Potsdam Printing t

  18. Late Pleistocene paleohydrography and diatom paleoecology of the central basin of Lake Malawi, Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Late Pleistocene paleohydrography and diatom paleoecology of the central basin of Lake Malawi of the paleohydrography and diatom paleoecology of Lake Malawi. Lake-level fluctuations on the order of hundreds of meters

  19. Terebinth resin in antiquity: possible uses in the Late Bronze Age Aegean region 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peachey, Claire Patricia

    1995-01-01

    The remains of an estimated one metric ton of terebinth resin, the yellowish, semi-fluid, aromatic resin of a Pistacia tree, were recently discovered on the Late Bronze Age shipwreck site at Uluburun, Turkey. The resin was ...

  20. Secondary Growth in Vertebraria Roots from the Late Permian of Antarctica: A Change in Developmental Timing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Decombeix, Anne-Laure; Taylor, Edith L.; Taylor, Thomas N.

    2009-06-01

    Permineralized Vertebraria roots from the late Permian of the Central Transantarctic Mountains, Antarctica, are investigated to understand the unusual vascular anatomy of the genus. The specimens range from ?1 mm to several centimeters in diameter...

  1. Diatom-based Late Quaternary precipitation record for lowland tropical South America 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitzpatrick, Katharine Anne

    2012-06-25

    The late Quaternary palaeoclimatic history of the lowland Southern Hemisphere Tropics of South America (SHTSA) has been little studied and analysis of key climatic events, such as the Last Glacial Maximum (centred ~ ...

  2. Late Holocene hurricane activity and climate variability in the Northeastern Gulf of Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lane, Daniel Philip

    2011-01-01

    Hurricane activity in the Northeastern Gulf of Mexico and its relationship to regional and large-scale climate variability during the Late Holocene is explored. A 4500-year record of hurricane-induced storm surges is ...

  3. Bioenergetics Modeling in the 21st Century: Reviewing New Insights and Revisiting Old Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bioenergetics Modeling in the 21st Century: Reviewing New Insights and Revisiting Old Constraints.--The development and application of fish bioenergetics models have flourished in recent years, due in part of bioenergetics models can be hampered by uncertainty in model parameters. A review of the literature showed

  4. Brendan@leabrook.co.uk Every Westerner born this century can

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of conventional oil. · Worse: The peak of global oil is NOW. · New Energy Technologies must be accelerated hard@leabrook.co.uk Association for the Study of Peak Oil ­ www.asponews.org ASPO - 2010 · Lord Browne, Chairman BP ­ 2010 World a century and a half' · 1972: US Oil Production began to decline. · Stock Markets: Good news only

  5. Preface to Separations for the Nuclear Fuel Cycle in the 21st Century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nash, Kenneth L.; Lumetta, Gregg J.; Clark, Sue B.; Friese, Judah I.

    2006-07-31

    This product is the preface to a symposium proceedings book from the symposium on Separations for the Nuclear Fuel Cycle in the 21st Century, which was held at the 227th American Chemical Society National Meeting in Anaheim, CA, March 30-April 1, 2004. The preface summarizes the purpose and context of the symposium and the resulting book.

  6. Twentieth century Chinese architecture : examples and their significance in a modern tradition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcus, Karen K

    1988-01-01

    If one were to seek a unifying factor in this relatively short period of a modern Chinese tradition, it might be surprising to find that amidst the jolts of passing out of a feudal era into the twentieth century, the ancient ...

  7. An analysis of the galley ware from a ninth-century shipwreck at Bozburun, Turkey 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danis, Doreen Marie

    2002-01-01

    as orange-brown). " A more distant parallel (in form only) was found during the 1964 ? 1966 British excavations at the Damascus Gate, Jerusalem. A rim/neck/handle &agment, which was found in a layer (ZII. 29) dated to the early eighth century based...

  8. Panelist Remarks "Cultural and Political Ecology at the AAG Century: Application and Impact in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Batterbury, Simon

    , environmental processes `without the humans', and variants of political, urban, and economic geography environmental issues, to learn about the personalities in our field, or to participate as environmental1 Panelist Remarks "Cultural and Political Ecology at the AAG Century: Application and Impact

  9. Five centuries of climate change in Australia: the view from underground

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biasutti, Michela

    ; Revised 14 June 2006; Accepted 19 June 2006 ABSTRACT: Fifty-seven borehole temperature profiles from was the coolest interval of the five-century reconstruction. Comparison of the geothermal reconstruction. The full geothermal reconstruction also agrees well with the low-frequency component of dendroclimatic

  10. Web based map services for scientific tourism: a case study of eighteenth and nineteenth century Edinburgh. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scholefield, Kerrie

    2008-12-05

    The purpose of this project was to develop a web based map service for scientific tourism of eighteenth and nineteenth century Edinburgh. The service had the potential to be used for two key purposes: an educational guide and a virtual tourist guide...

  11. FLUID MECHANICS IN THE NEXT CENTURY Mohamed Gad-el-Hak and Mihir Sen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gad-el-Hak, Mohamed

    1 FLUID MECHANICS IN THE NEXT CENTURY Mohamed Gad-el-Hak and Mihir Sen Department of Aerospace fluid mechanics, appear to be at this stage. In a letter addressed to George G. Stokes dated 20 December for the rest of this perspective. As a teaching and research discipline, will fluid mechanics be around during

  12. Statistics for Twenty-first Century Astrometry 2000 Heinrich K. Eichhorn Memorial Lecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jefferys, William

    Statistics for Twenty-first Century Astrometry 2000 Heinrich K. Eichhorn Memorial Lecture William H had a lively interest in statistics during his entire scientific career, and made a number of significant contributions to the statistical treatment of astrometric problems. In the past decade, a strong

  13. Monsoon drought over Java, Indonesia, during the past two centuries Rosanne D'Arrigo,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monsoon drought over Java, Indonesia, during the past two centuries Rosanne D'Arrigo,1 Rob Wilson,2 reconstruct the boreal autumn (October­November) Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI) for Java, Indonesia between the climate of Indonesia and the large scale tropical Indo-Pacific climate system. Citation: D

  14. Century-scale movement of the Atlantic Intertropical Convergence Zone linked to solar variability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    South Florida, University of

    Century-scale movement of the Atlantic Intertropical Convergence Zone linked to solar variability R June 2004. [1] The abundance of the planktic foraminifer Globigerinoides sacculifer in Gulf of Mexico-scale periodicity observed in proxy records of solar variability, which suggests that the average position

  15. US-India Education Foundation (USIEF): "Obama-Singh 21st Century Knowledge Initiative"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nahar, Sultana Nurun

    US-India Education Foundation (USIEF): "Obama-Singh 21st Century Knowledge Initiative" Award Institutions in India" U.S.-India Collaboration and Pilot Project: Opportunity to Participate in STEM Faculty Training at Higher Education Institutions in India. The Ohio State University has been awarded a highly

  16. ACCELERATORS FOR THE 21ST CENTURY E. Keil, CERN, Geneva, Switzerland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keil, Eberhard

    technologies are quite different: TESLA is super-conducting, the others are at room temper- ature, and the RF for the 21st century at the high energy frontier will all be colliding beam devices. Three types of colliders are discussed, linear e+ e- colliders, muon colliders, and hadron colliders. In all three cases, typical values

  17. 20th century seasonal moisture balance in Southeast Asian montane forests from tree cellulose 18

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stott, Lowell

    20th century seasonal moisture balance in Southeast Asian montane forests from tree cellulose 18 O composition (18 O) of sub- annual tree cellulose samples of Pinus kesiya growing at 1,500 m elevation on Doi Chiang Dao in northern Thailand. The cellulose 18 O values exhibit a distinctive annual cycle

  18. A climate change index: Where climate change may be most prominent in the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischlin, Andreas

    A climate change index: Where climate change may be most prominent in the 21st century Miche`le B; accepted 30 November 2006; published 10 January 2007. [1] A Climate Change Index (CCI) is developed to a single index that is a measure for the strength of future climate change relative to today's natural

  19. PATTERNS OF GREENHOUSE WARMING "Projected warming in the 21st century shows scenario-independent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PATTERNS OF GREENHOUSE WARMING "Projected warming in the 21st century shows scenario in response to increasing greenhouse gas levels will not be geographically uniform. · Computer models indicate greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrations. However, the warming is not expected to be uniform over the globe, nor

  20. Greenhouse warming and the 21st Century hydroclimate of southwestern North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordon, Arnold L.

    Greenhouse warming and the 21st Century hydroclimate of southwestern North America Richard Seager of rising greenhouse gases. This regional drying is part of a general dry- ing of the subtropics as a consequence of rising greenhouse gases (1,2). The drying is manifest as a drop in precip- itation (P) minus

  1. The Software Technology of the 21st Century: From Software Reuse to Collaborative Software Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer, Gerhard

    The Software Technology of the 21st Century: From Software Reuse to Collaborative Software Design (software) design problems require more knowledge than any single person or any single group possesses because the knowledge relevant to a problem is distributed among many different stakeholders. Software

  2. Institute for Critical Technology and Applied Science Seminar Series 21st Century Medical Diagnosis and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crawford, T. Daniel

    on technology since 1998, moving from print publications through email newsletters to blogs and has gainedInstitute for Critical Technology and Applied Science Seminar Series 21st Century Medical Diagnosis, serial entrepreneur and investor in emerging technologies Thursday, May 31, 2012, 10:30 - 11:30 am ICTAS

  3. Colonization of high altitudes by alien plants over the last two centuries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kratochvíl, Lukas

    Colonization of high altitudes by alien plants over the last two centuries Petr Pyseka,b,1 an elegant explana- tion for global patterns of alien species richness in mountain regions. These authors for explaining the patterns of alien species richness than dispersal processes or pre- adaptation of species

  4. What price a roof? Housing and the cost of living in 16th-century Toledo*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    What price a roof? Housing and the cost of living in 16th-century Toledo* Mauricio Drelichman market. We then explore the impact of adding rent to early modern price indices and estimates of living standards. Price indices show a moderate effect. The addition of rent reduces the gap between Toledo and two

  5. Author's personal copy Canopy disturbance and tree recruitment over two centuries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pederson, Neil

    , particularly reconstructing disturbance size, shape, frequency, and severity, is fundamental for developmentAuthor's personal copy Canopy disturbance and tree recruitment over two centuries in a managed 2007 Abstract Disturbance history was reconstructed across an 11300 ha managed longleaf pine (Pinus

  6. Colony-Stimulating Factor-1 Receptor Inhibition Reverses the Vascular Leakage that Causes Malignant Ascites in Late-Stage Epithelial Ovarian Cancer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moughon, Diana Louise

    2015-01-01

    inhibits ascites, and causes dramatic vascular remodeling inthe Vascular Leakage that Causes Malignant Ascites in Late-the Vascular Leakage that Causes Malignant Ascites in Late-

  7. Title: Dormant Smokestacks and Silent Turbines: The Adaptive Reuse of Early to Mid-twentieth century Power Stations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -twentieth century Power Stations Author: Aliza Ross Advisor: Carol Clark The early to mid-century central station, identified today as a power station or power plant, has intrigued communities, architectural historians industrial buildings. Sited in historic industrial zones once discrete from city?s downtowns, power stations

  8. The footprint of Alaskan tundra fires during the past half-century: implications for surface properties and radiative forcing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The footprint of Alaskan tundra fires during the past half-century: implications for surface of Alaskan tundra fires during the past half-century: implications for surface properties and radiative large and frequent fires above the Alaskan arctic circle have forced a reassessment of the ecological

  9. La Belle: Rigging in the days of the spritsail topmast, a reconstruction of a seventeenth-century ship's rig 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corder, Catharine Leigh Inbody

    2009-05-15

    .......................................... 7 Shipbuilding Treatises and Nautical Dictionaries....................... 14 II ARTIFACT ANALYSIS......................................................................... 18 Wooden Artifacts..., shipbuilding treatises and nautical dictionaries, models with original rigging, and rigging plans were consulted to create a more complete picture. Because there is a dearth of 17th-century material relative to that available for the 18th century...

  10. What influence will future solar activity changes over the 21st century have on projected global near-surface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lockwood, Mike

    What influence will future solar activity changes over the 21st century have on projected global underestimate the response to solar variations, then there is a potential for a reduction in solar activity will future solar activity changes over the 21st century have on projected global near-surface temperature

  11. Observed 20th Century Desert Dust Variability: Impact on Climate and Biogeochemistry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mahowald, Natalie; Kloster, Silvia; Engelstaedter, S.; Moore, Jefferson Keith; Mukhopadhyay, S.; McConnell, J. R.; Albani, S.; Doney, Scott C.; Bhattacharya, A.; Curran, M. A. J.; Flanner, Mark G.; Hoffman, Forrest M; Lawrence, David M.; Lindsay, Keith; Mayewski, P. A.; Neff, Jason; Rothenberg, D.; Thomas, E.; Thornton, Peter E; Zender, Charlie S.

    2010-01-01

    Desert dust perturbs climate by directly and indirectly interacting with incoming solar and outgoing long wave radiation, thereby changing precipitation and temperature, in addition to modifying ocean and land biogeochemistry. While we know that desert dust is sensitive to perturbations in climate and human land use, previous studies have been unable to determine whether humans were increasing or decreasing desert dust in the global average. Here we present observational estimates of desert dust based on paleodata proxies showing a doubling of desert dust during the 20th century over much, but not all the globe. Large uncertainties remain in estimates of desert dust variability over 20th century due to limited data. Using these observational estimates of desert dust change in combination with ocean, atmosphere and land models, we calculate the net radiative effect of these observed changes (top of atmosphere) over the 20th century to be -0.14 {+-} 0.11 W/m{sup 2} (1990-1999 vs. 1905-1914). The estimated radiative change due to dust is especially strong between the heavily loaded 1980-1989 and the less heavily loaded 1955-1964 time periods (-0.57 {+-} 0.46 W/m{sup 2}), which model simulations suggest may have reduced the rate of temperature increase between these time periods by 0.11 C. Model simulations also indicate strong regional shifts in precipitation and temperature from desert dust changes, causing 6 ppm (12 PgC) reduction in model carbon uptake by the terrestrial biosphere over the 20th century. Desert dust carries iron, an important micronutrient for ocean biogeochemistry that can modulate ocean carbon storage; here we show that dust deposition trends increase ocean productivity by an estimated 6% over the 20th century, drawing down an additional 4 ppm (8 PgC) of carbon dioxide into the oceans. Thus, perturbations to desert dust over the 20th century inferred from observations are potentially important for climate and biogeochemistry, and our understanding of these changes and their impacts should continue to be refined.

  12. Climate Change Policies for the XXIst Century: Mechanisms, Predictions and Recommendations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khmelinskii, Igor

    2011-01-01

    Recent experimental works demonstrated that the Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) hypothesis, embodied in a series of Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) global climate models, is erroneous. These works prove that atmospheric carbon dioxide contributes only very moderately to the observed warming, and that there is no climatic catastrophe in the making, independent on whether or not carbon dioxide emissions will be reduced. In view of these developments, we discuss climate predictions for the XXIst century. Based on the solar activity tendencies, a new Little Ice Age is predicted by the middle of this century, with significantly lower global temperatures. We also show that IPCC climate models can't produce any information regarding future climate, due to essential physical phenomena lacking in those, and that the current budget deficit in many EU countries is mainly caused by the policies promoting renewable energies and other AGW-motivated measures. In absence of any predictable adverse climate...

  13. Technology Roadmap for the 21st Century Truck Program, a government-industry research partnership

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2000-12-01

    The 21st Century Truck Program has been established as a government-industry research partnership to support the development and implementation of commercially viable technologies that will dramatically cut fuel use and emissions of commercial trucks and buses while enhancing their safety and affordability as well as maintaining or enhancing performance. The innovations resulting from this program will reduce dependence on foreign oil, improve our nation's air quality, provide advanced technology for military vehicles, and enhance the competitiveness of the U.S. truck and bus industry while ensuring safe and affordable freight and bus transportation for the nation's economy. This Technology Roadmap for the 21st Century Truck Program has been prepared to guide the development of the technical advancements that will enable the needed improvements in commercial truck fuel economy, emissions, and safety.

  14. A review of "Atlantic Virginia: Intercolonial Relations in the Seventeenth Century." by April Lee Hatfield 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    William J. Scheick

    2004-01-01

    for university libraries. April Lee Hatfield. Atlantic Virginia: Intercolonial Relations in the Seventeenth Century. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2004. 312 pp. $39.95. Review by WILLIAM J. SCHEICK, UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS AT AUSTIN. The core... Parliamentary forces, which he calls ?a Schismaticall Malignant Fraternity? (63). At times, Swadlin lapses into pedantic indignation at Ram?s scriptural errors and fails to maintain the parody. Fallon, Professor Emeritus at LaSalle University in Philadelphia...

  15. A review of "English Merchants in Seventeenth Century Italy." by Gigliola Pagano de Divitiis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James Paterson

    2003-01-01

    and insubstantial quality that too often mars Italian academic prose. Jonathan Brown and John Elliott, eds. The Sale of the Century: Ar- tistic Relations between Spain and Great Britain, 1604?1655. Madrid: Yale University Press and Museo Nacional del Prado, 2002.... 315 pp. $65 hardback. Review by ELIZABETH R. WRIGHT, UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA. Art historian Jonathan Brown and historian John Elliott have joined forces to provide an indispensable guide to the political and artistic relationship between Spain...

  16. Hans Bethe and Physics in/of the 20th Century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schweber, Silvan [Brandeis University

    2012-12-12

    I will present some facets of Hans Bethe’s life to illustrate how I have used biography to narrate certain aspects of the history of twentieth century physics. I will focus on post World War II quantum field theory, on the relation between solid state/condensed matter physics and high energy physics, and make some observations regarding certain “top down” views in solid state physics in postmodernity.

  17. Power Systems of the Future: A 21st Century Power Partnership Thought Leadership Report (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2015-01-01

    Powerful trends in technology, policy environments, financing, and business models are driving change in power sectors globally. In light of these trends, the question is no longer whether power systems will be transformed, but rather how these transformations will occur. Power Systems of the Future, a thought leadership report from the 21st Century Power Partnership, explores these pathways explores actions that policymakers and regulators can take to encourage desired power system outcomes.

  18. New adventures among old books; an essay in eighteenth century bibliography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Todd, William Burton

    1958-01-01

    of enrichment and growth of the university libraries. One of the products of the program was the early establishment of a public lectureship on books and bibliography. In subsequent years five distin guished exponents of as many different kinds of bibli... livered at the University of Kansas, October 6, 1954. University of Kansas Publications. Li brary Series Number Three. Lawrence, 1958. THIRD LECTURE WILLIAM B. TODD. New Adventures Among Old Books: An Essay in Eighteenth Century Bibli ography...

  19. Slave Prices, the African Slave Trade, and Productivity in Eighteenth-Century South Carolina: A Reply

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mancall, Peter C.; Rosenbloom, Joshua L.; Weiss, Thomas

    2006-01-01

    /plain; charset=UTF-8 1066 Slave Prices, the African Slave Trade, and Productivity in Eighteenth-Century South Carolina: A Reply ?? PETERC. MANCALL, JOSHUA L. ROSENBLOOM, ANDTHOMAS WEISS The comment by David Eltis, Frank Lewis, and David Richardson... brings to the fore issues about productivity growth in slave-based economies, and about broader inter- pretations of those societies and their successor economies. Their assessment confirms that prices derived from probate inventories behaved like those...

  20. 21st Century Ergonomic Education, From Little e to Big E

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barsky, Constance K

    2014-01-01

    Despite intense efforts, contemporary educational systems are not enabling individuals to function optimally in modern society. The main reason is that reformers are trying to improve systems that are not designed to take advantage of the centuries of history of the development of today's societies. Nor do they recognize the implications of the millions of years of history of life on earth in which humans are the latest edition of learning organisms. The contemporary educational paradigm of "education for all" is based on a 17th century model of "printing minds" for passing on static knowledge. This characterizes most of K-12 education. In contrast, 21st Century education demands a new paradigm, which we call Ergonomic Education. This is an education system that is designed to fit the students of any age instead of forcing the students to fit the education system. It takes into account in a fundamental way what students want to learn -- the concept "wanting to learn" refers to the innate ability and desire to...

  1. The Late-Time Rebrightening of Type Ia SN 2005gj in the Mid-Infrared

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, Ori D

    2013-01-01

    A growing number of observations reveal a subset of Type Ia supernovae undergoing circumstellar interaction (SNe Ia-CSM). We present unpublished archival Spitzer Space Telescope data on SNe Ia-CSM 2002ic and 2005gj obtained > 1300 and 500 days post-discovery, respectively. Both SNe show evidence for late-time mid-infrared (mid-IR) emission from warm dust. The dust parameters are most consistent with a pre-existing dust shell that lies beyond the forward-shock radius, most likely radiatively heated by optical and X-ray emission continuously generated by late-time CSM interaction. In the case of SN 2005gj, the mid-IR luminosity more than doubles after 1 year post-discovery. While we are not aware of any late-time optical-wavelength observations at these epochs, we attribute this rebrightening to renewed shock interaction with a dense circumstellar shell.

  2. Late Arriving Particles in Cosmic Ray Air Showers and AGASA's Determination of UHECR Energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hans-Joachim Drescher; Glennys R. Farrar

    2005-06-08

    We give the first detailed study of the arrival time distribution of nucleons in UHECR air showers. We analyze in detail the influence of late arriving particles on the energy determination of the AGASA experiment, as well as how the arrival time distribution changes with distance from shower core. Our calculations are consistent with experimental observations of the AGASA group. Crucial to obtaining agreement, is the correct implementation of the energy loss for low-energy protons. We confirm AGASA's estimation of the error in their energy determination associated with late-arriving particles, assuming primary protons.

  3. Palynology and Paleoecology of the Lake Somerville spillway section, Late Eocene Manning Formation (Jackson Group), east-central Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sancay, Recep Hayrettin

    2000-01-01

    columellus, Monosulcities, and Liliacidites sp.) Common fern spores include Cicatricosisporites dorogensis, Verrucatosporites, Laevigatosporites, and Deltoidospora. Paleoecological analysis suggests the presence of seven palynomorph associations in this Late...

  4. Aegean Seals of the Late Bronze Age: Stylistic Groups, V. Minoan Groups Contemporary with LM IIIA1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Younger, John G.

    1986-01-01

    The fifth in a series of articles attributing Aegean sealstones and finger rings of the Late Bronze Age to stylistic groups.

  5. The rhetoric of architecture and the language of pleasure : the maison de plaisance in eighteen-century France

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liss, Alyson Jacqueline

    2006-01-01

    This thesis investigates the history of the petite maison (otherwise known as a little house) in eighteenth-century France. In particular, I focus on a popular libertine novella written in 1758 by Jean-Francois de Bastide ...

  6. Imperial Standard-Bearers: Nineteenth-Century Army Officers' Wives in British India and the American West 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McInnis, Verity

    2012-07-16

    The comparative experiences of the nineteenth-century British and American Army officer's wives add a central dimension to studies of empire. Sharing their husbands' sense of duty and mission, these women transferred, adopted, and adapted national...

  7. Landmarks of the Persian Renaissance : monumental funerary architecture in Iran and Central Asia in the tenth and eleventh centuries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michailidis, Melanie

    2007-01-01

    This dissertation investigates the sudden proliferation of mausolea in Iran and Central Asia in the tenth and eleventh centuries and how their patrons, who were secular rulers of Iranian descent, drew on the pre-Islamic ...

  8. Institutes for innovation : the emergence of academic-industrial cooperation and narratives of progress in the early 20th century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spero, Ellan Fae

    2014-01-01

    Early 20th century America is a critical context for understanding industrial innovation. Departing from a focus on innovation itself as manifested through the creation of new products and consumer opportunities, this ...

  9. A review of "Architecture and Image-Building in Seventeenth-Century Hertfordshire" by Paul M. Hunneyball. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martyn Bennett

    2004-01-01

    more comfortably with other patrons. 298 SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY NEWS Renovation offered a cheaper way of entering the fashionable housing game, especially given the costs of demolition and com- pletely rebuilding a house. Local workers were often employed...

  10. Gavin Hamilton, John Balfour and Patrick Neill: a study of publishing in Edinburgh in the Eighteenth Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDougall, Warren

    Eighteenth-century Scottish bibliography is a vast subject still awaiting exploration. There are, however, some landmarks to look for and guides to employ. I am thinking particularly, in the context of my own interests, ...

  11. Irving Babbitt's New Humanism: An Outsider's Perspective on Curricular Debates at the Turn of the 20th Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smilie, Kipton Dale

    2010-11-11

    This dissertation examines the educational ideas and beliefs of Irving Babbitt (1865-1933). As the co-founder of the New Humanism, Babbitt advocated throughout the beginning of the 20th century for an education that helped ...

  12. STS.042J / 8.225J Einstein, Oppenheimer, Feynman: Physics in the 20th Century, Spring 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaiser, David

    This class explores the changing roles of physics and physicists during the 20th century. Topics range from relativity theory and quantum mechanics to high-energy physics and cosmology. The course also examines the development ...

  13. A review of "Popular Measures: Poetry and Church Order in Seventeenth-Century Massachusetts." by Amy M. E. Morris 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    William J. Scheick

    2006-01-01

    REVIEWS 57 Amy M. E. Morris. Popular Measures: Poetry and Church Order in Seventeenth- Century Massachusetts. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 2005. 282 pp. $53.50. Review by WILLIAM J. SCHEICK, UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS AT AUSTIN. During recent...

  14. Technology and form : iron construction and transformation of architectural ideals in nineteenth century France, 1830-1889.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Sanghun

    1996-01-01

    This dissertation investigates the transformation of architectural ideals brought about by the development of iron construction during the nineteenth century in France. The emergence of iron construction paralleled the ...

  15. Fantasies of Maternal Unity in Twentieth- and Twenty-First-Century African Diasporic Women's Fiction and Science Fiction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lillvis, Kristen

    2011-04-20

    This dissertation explores the power children realize in the past, present, and future from their real or imagined connections to their absent mothers in twentieth- and twenty-first-century African diasporic women's fiction, ...

  16. Cyberinfrastructure Technologies Enhancing Conservation for the 21st Century ....Advanced data acquisition, data integration, data storage, data management, data mining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuart, Steven J.

    Cyberinfrastructure Technologies Enhancing Conservation for the 21st Century ....Advanced data acquisition, data integration, data storage, data management, data mining ....Environmental informatics and business of managing natural resources ... Paradigm shift where computing is an essential partner

  17. A review of "Versions of Blackness: Key Texts on Slavery from the Seventeenth Century" edited by Derek Hughes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M'Baye, Babacar

    2009-01-01

    the Seventeenth Century. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge UP, 2007. V + 381 pp. Paperback $24. Review by babacar m?baye, kent state university Derek Hughes? Versions of Blackness: Key Texts on Slavery from the Seventeenth Century brings together important European... Europeans either enslaved, massacred, or colonized The book?s major objective is to resist the revisionist practice of interpreting the past mainly through the lenses of modern theories of racial interactions between blacks and whites. Opposing...

  18. A review of "Literature and the Politics of Family in Seventeenth-Century England" by Su Fang Ng 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cavanagh, Sheila T.

    2008-01-01

    . Literature and the Politics of Family in Seventeenth-Century England. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007. Viii+236 pp. Review by SHEILA T. CAVANAGH, EMORY UNIVERSITY. Su Fang Ng?s comprehensive new book explores conceptualizations of families... in literature and political thought of seventeenth-century England. Casting a wide net, ranging from Milton and Hobbes to Margaret Cavendish and early Quakerism, Ng?s monograph will be of interest to scholars work- ing in disparate areas of seventeenth...

  19. Is the angel still in the house?: changes in female ideals in nineteenth-and twentieth-century literature 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Griffin, Cynthia

    2013-02-22

    -1 IS THEAWGEL STILL IN THEHOUSEP I CHANGES IN FEMALE IDEALS IN NINETEENTH- AND TrYENTIETH- CENTURY L ITERA TURE A Senior Thesis By Cynthia Griffin 1997-98 University Undergraduate Research Fellow Texas ASSAM University Group: Humanities Is the Angel... Still in the House?: Changes in Female Ideals in Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century Literature by Cynthia Griffin Submitted to the Once of Honors Programs and Academic Scholarships Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...

  20. MID-LATE DEVONIAN CALCIFIED MARINE ALGAE AND CYANOBACTERIA, SOUTH CHINA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riding, Robert

    MID-LATE DEVONIAN CALCIFIED MARINE ALGAE AND CYANOBACTERIA, SOUTH CHINA QI FENG,1 YI-MING GONG,1 contain microfossils generally regarded as calcified algae and cyanobacteria. These are present in 61 out with differing degrees of confidence, and placed in algae, cyanobacteria or microproblematica. Algae: Halysis

  1. LEAD ISOTOPIC ANALYSIS FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF LATE BRONZE AGE POTTERY FROM HALA SULTAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Claeys, Philippe

    LEAD ISOTOPIC ANALYSIS FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF LATE BRONZE AGE POTTERY FROM HALA SULTAN TEKKE, 9000 Ghent 5 Department of Geology, Université de Liège, Allée du 6­Août B18, 4000 Liège Lead isotopic the effectiveness of using lead isotopic analysis in provenance studies, along with other analytical techniques

  2. he late Nobel laureate Richard Smalley often said that "energy is the single greatest chal-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , but it is a finite re- source. We must develop energy-saving technologies that can stretch oil reserves while we to electrical energy, may be part of the pic- ture. MFCs could be used in biomass-based energy productionT he late Nobel laureate Richard Smalley often said that "energy is the single greatest chal- lenge

  3. Fish remains (Elasmobranchii, Actinopterygii) from the Late Cretaceous of1 the Benue Trough, Nigeria2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Nigeria2 3 Romain Vullo *, Philippe Courville4 Laboratoire Géosciences Rennes, UMR CNRS 6118, Université Late Cretaceous localities of12 Nigeria are described. Each locality has yielded only a very few Africa. The Ashaka locality in the Upper Benue Trough (northeastern Nigeria) has15 yielded a small

  4. Ramifications of late Holocene hide-processing geographies along the lower Medina River, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahr, Steve Wayne

    1998-01-01

    ) and several others in south-central Texas differ from most Toyah sites in that middle and late hide-processing stages are unusually well-represented. Selection of places on the landscape for intensive hide-processing activities is examined in the context...

  5. Multiproxy Late Quaternary stratigraphy of the Nile deep-sea turbidite system --Towards a chronology of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    Multiproxy Late Quaternary stratigraphy of the Nile deep-sea turbidite system -- Towards of studies concerning stratigraphy in DSTS. In this study, we examine several hemipelagic long piston cores mixed hemipelagic/turbiditic sequences of a levee record. This example shows how to date gravity events

  6. Late Quaternary palaeoenvironment of northern Guatemala: evidence from deep drill cores and seismic stratigraphy of Lake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    of an International Continental Scientific Drilling Program project. The sediment records from deep water consist, overlain by deep-water clays, suggest a lake level rise and subsequent stabilization at high stage. From caLate Quaternary palaeoenvironment of northern Guatemala: evidence from deep drill cores and seismic

  7. Chronostratigraphic framework and evolution of the Fortuna basin (Eastern Betics) since the Late Miocene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Miocene M. GarceÂs,* W. Krijgsman² and J. Agusti³ *Institute of Earth Sciences Jaume Almera, CSIC, Sole i basins. Since the late Tortonian, N±S to NW±SE compression led to inversion of older extensional synsedimentary folding, vertical axis block rotations and uplift of both the basin and its margins. The overall

  8. Long-term Stability of Global Erosion Rates and1 Weathering during late Cenozoic Cooling2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Willenbring, Jeb F.

    1 of 18 Long-term Stability of Global Erosion Rates and1 Weathering during late Cenozoic Cooling2 3 rates15 require a global mechanism to explain them4,5,6 . Accelerated uplift and global16 cooling have caused5 Cenozoic global cooling, and that global cooling had no profound effect on6 spatially

  9. Models and correlations of the DEBRIS Late-Phase Melt Progression Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schmidt, R.C.; Gasser, R.D. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Reactor Safety Experiments Dept.

    1997-09-01

    The DEBRIS Late Phase Melt Progression Model is an assembly of models, embodied in a computer code, which is designed to treat late-phase melt progression in dry rubble (or debris) regions that can form as a consequence of a severe core uncover accident in a commercial light water nuclear reactor. The approach is fully two-dimensional, and incorporates a porous medium modeling framework together with conservation and constitutive relationships to simulate the time-dependent evolution of such regions as various physical processes act upon the materials. The objective of the code is to accurately model these processes so that the late-phase melt progression that would occur in different hypothetical severe nuclear reactor accidents can be better understood and characterized. In this report the models and correlations incorporated and used within the current version of DEBRIS are described. These include the global conservation equations solved, heat transfer and fission heating models, melting and refreezing models (including material interactions), liquid and solid relocation models, gas flow and pressure field models, and the temperature and compositionally dependent material properties employed. The specific models described here have been used in the experiment design analysis of the Phebus FPT-4 debris-bed fission-product release experiment. An earlier DEBRIS code version was used to analyze the MP-1 and MP-2 late-phase melt progression experiments conducted at Sandia National Laboratories for the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

  10. Absolute magnitudes for late-type dwarf stars for Sloan photometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Bilir; S. Karaali; S. Tuncel

    2005-03-18

    We present a new formula for absolute magnitude determination for late-type dwarf stars as a function of (g-r) and (r-i) for Sloan photometry. The absolute magnitudes estimated by this approach are brighter than those estimated by colour-magnitude diagrams, and they reduce the luminosity function rather close to the luminosity function of Hipparcos.

  11. Tectonostratigraphic evolution of the Late Cretaceous Middle Eocene Haymana sedimentary Basin, Central Anatolia, Turkey.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Central Anatolia, Turkey. S Nairn1 , A H F Robertson1 , M Hempton2 and UC Ünlügenç3 1 Grant Institute Shell UK 3 Çukurova Universitesi, Jeoloji Mühendisii Bölümü, Balcali, Adana, Turkey Steve of a study of the Late Cretaceous-Middle Eocene Haymana Basin in central Turkey. Based on detailed logging

  12. Late-stage estuary infilling controlled by limited accommodation space in the Hudson River

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lance, Veronica P.

    ; accepted 28 July 2006 Abstract High-resolution seismic data and sediment cores reveal the late Holocene subsurface stratigraphy of the broad Tappan Zee­ Piermont region of the Hudson River Estuary. We identify and onlapping the 2200 yr BP seismic surface. Based on its internal geometry, morphology, and proximity

  13. Peptide Inhibitors of Dengue-Virus Entry Target a Late-Stage Fusion Intermediate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrison, Stephen C.

    with positive-strand RNA genomes packaged into compact particles, about 500 A° in diameter [5]. Their fusionPeptide Inhibitors of Dengue-Virus Entry Target a Late- Stage Fusion Intermediate Aaron G. Schmidt1 School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America Abstract The mechanism of membrane fusion

  14. LATE CENOZOIC UPLIFT OF THE SIERRA NEVADA, CALIFORNIA? A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE GEOMORPHIC EVIDENCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabet, Emmanuel "Manny"

    LATE CENOZOIC UPLIFT OF THE SIERRA NEVADA, CALIFORNIA? A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE GEOMORPHIC geomorphic analyses have been used to quantify the magnitude of uplift and to establish its timing) recent uplift of the Sierra. In contrast, investigations based on other sources of paleotopographic

  15. In the Beginnings: The Apotropaic Use of Scriptural Incipits in Late Antique Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanzo, Joseph Emanuel

    2012-01-01

    for ritual power from late antique Egypt, Origen’s words mayEgypt the scriptural “wholes” containing ritual power wereEgypt and the ritual uses of the scriptures elsewhere, the tefillin utilize excerpts from the biblical record for protective power.

  16. Development/Plasticity/Repair Dendritic BDNF Synthesis Is Required for Late-Phase Spine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stryker, Michael

    Development/Plasticity/Repair Dendritic BDNF Synthesis Is Required for Late-Phase Spine Maturation paradigm for experience-dependent cortical development is called ocular dominance (OD) plasticity, where closing one eye for a few days during a critical period of heightened plasticity leads to marked decrease

  17. Identification of genetic influences in late-onset Alzheimer’s disease (LOAD) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Mariet

    2011-11-25

    Late-onset Alzheimer’s disease (LOAD) is the most common form of dementia, with an incidence of up to 50% in western populations over the age of 85 and a high heritability (up to 80%). The identification of risk factors ...

  18. Multiarchive paleoseismic record of late Pleistocene and Holocene strong earthquakes in Switzerland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    Multiarchive paleoseismic record of late Pleistocene and Holocene strong earthquakes in Switzerland Service, Institute of Geophysics, ETH Zu¨rich, CH-8093 Zu¨rich, Switzerland b Geologisches Institut, ETH Zu¨rich, CH-8092 Zu¨rich, Switzerland Received 26 April 2004; accepted 1 March 2005 Available online

  19. Experience in Early and Late Software Engineering Project Courses Birgit Demuth, Mike Fischer and Heinrich Hussmann

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Experience in Early and Late Software Engineering Project Courses Birgit Demuth, Mike Fischer which we gained in different software engineering project courses at our department. A student who is specialized in software engineering has to finish besides lectures on software engineering and related fields

  20. Late Quaternary constructional development of the Axial Volcanic Zone, eastern Snake River Plain, Idaho

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wetmore, Paul H.

    Late Quaternary constructional development of the Axial Volcanic Zone, eastern Snake River Plain volcanic ridge that trends northeast across the middle of the eastern Snake River Plain, and acts Snake River Plain: the AVZ, the Big Lost Trough to the north, and the Arco-Big Southern Butte (ABSB

  1. Predation upon Hatchling Dinosaurs by a New Snake from the Late Cretaceous of India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlson, Anders

    Predation upon Hatchling Dinosaurs by a New Snake from the Late Cretaceous of India Jeffrey A Geological Survey of India (Central Region), Palaeontology Division, Nagpur, India, 3 Department of Geology India. S. indicus was fossilized in association with a sauropod dinosaur egg clutch, coiled around

  2. A radiation of arboreal basal eutherian mammals beginning in the Late Cretaceous of India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Doug M.

    A radiation of arboreal basal eutherian mammals beginning in the Late Cretaceous of India Anjali Department of Geology, Centre for Advanced Studies, University of Delhi, Delhi 110 007, India; d Department National Open University, New Delhi 110 068, India; g Unité Mixte de Recherche 7207 du Centre National de

  3. Did a gamma-ray burst initiate the late Ordovician mass extinction?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackman, Charles H.

    Did a gamma-ray burst initiate the late Ordovician mass extinction? A.L. Melott1 , B.S. Lieberman2 Abstract: Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) produce a flux of radiation detectable across the observable Universe words: Population and evolution, mass extinction, gamma-ray burst, Ordovician, ultraviolet ozone

  4. Late Quaternary geomorphology and soils in Crater Flat, Yucca Mountain area, southern Nevada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dorn, Ron

    Late Quaternary geomorphology and soils in Crater Flat, Yucca Mountain area, southern Nevada for a Crater Flat cation-leaching curve. This curve differs somewhat from a previous Yucca Mountain curve­10 from a previous ``surficial deposits'' stratigraphy used in the Yucca Mountain area. Although

  5. Late Pleistocene and Holocene groundwater recharge from the chloride mass balance method and chlorine-36 data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Chen

    rates, estimated from 36 Cl data, were lower in late Pleistocene than Holocene at Yucca Mountain, Nevada Pleistocene. Local recharge rates at Yucca Mountain were estimated from the 36 Cl/Cl ratios and ClÀ concentrations in perched waters. The estimated recharge for Yucca Mountain is 5 ± 1 mm/yr for Holocene and 15

  6. Late Holocene Evolution of the Mekong Subaqueous Delta, Southern Vietnam , J. Paul Liu a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Paul

    Late Holocene Evolution of the Mekong Subaqueous Delta, Southern Vietnam Zuo Xue a, , J. Paul Liu a Geography, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam a b s t r a c ta r t i c l e

  7. Arctic ice export events and their potential impact on global climate during the late Pleistocene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darby, Dennis

    Arctic ice export events and their potential impact on global climate during the late Pleistocene export events are identified from the Laurentide and the Innuitian ice sheets, between 14 and 34 ka, the Arctic export events appear to occur prior to Heinrich events. INDEX TERMS: 4207 Oceanography: General

  8. The Late Cretaceous Dehshir ophiolite is an important element within the Inner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    1516 ABSTRACT The Late Cretaceous Dehshir ophiolite is an important element within the Inner Zagros, leucogabbro, and pegmatite gabbro. All the massifs in the Inner Zagros ophiolite belt are overlain by Turonian ophiolite belt, of central interest to this study, lies along the NE flank of the Zagros fold

  9. Combined obliquity and precession pacing of the late Pleistocene glacial cycles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huybers, Peter

    Combined obliquity and precession pacing of the late Pleistocene glacial cycles Peter Huybers in Earth's obliquity4,5 , or some combination of both6­11 to control the glacial cycles, though mechanisms, and this general concept has been elaborated to show how precession, obliquity, or combinations of both could

  10. Author's personal copy Profiling of late Tertiaryearly Quaternary surface in the lower reaches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rangarajan, Govindan

    Author's personal copy Profiling of late Tertiary­early Quaternary surface in the lower reaches of lower reaches of Narmada valley in a systematic way using the shallow seismic method, that records both horizontal and vertical components of the microtremor (ambient noise) caused by natural processes

  11. The Zooarchaeology of the Late Neolithic Strymon (Struma) river valley: the case of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wyatt, Lucy

    ) and Bulgaria (sector Topolnica) in the basin of the river Strymonas, Central Macedonia, have revealed a `flat Macedonia, along with the evidence from pottery decoration and structural features, suggests that - to some provided interesting insights into the diverse husbandry practices among Late Neolithic sites in Macedonia

  12. Late Cenozoic partitioning of oblique plate convergence in the Zagros fold-and-thrust belt (Iran)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Late Cenozoic partitioning of oblique plate convergence in the Zagros fold-and-thrust belt (Iran 2 May 2006. [1] The NW trending Zagros fold-and-thrust belt is affected by two major dextral faults operating at the rear of the belt has become partitioned along the newly formed Main Recent Fault

  13. Interannual variation of reach specific migratory success for Sacramento River hatchery yearling late-fall run

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klimley, A. Peter

    a multitude of habitats ­ the more natural run-riffle-pool structure of the upper river, a channelized lowerInterannual variation of reach specific migratory success for Sacramento River hatchery yearling late-fall run Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) and steelhead trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss

  14. Late Quaternary changes in biogenic opal uxes in the Southern Indian Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demouchy, Sylvie

    Late Quaternary changes in biogenic opal £uxes in the Southern Indian Ocean L. Dezileau a;Ã , J Ocean have been reconstructed from radioisotope and proxy element profiles (biogenic opal and organic Circumpolar Current. Dissolution- corrected opal rain rates were used to reconstruct past changes of opal

  15. Timing of Late Neoproterozoic glaciation on Baltica constrained by detrital zircon geochronology in the Hedmark Group,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torsvik, Trond Helge

    Timing of Late Neoproterozoic glaciation on Baltica constrained by detrital zircon geochronology are being made to improve the stratigraphy and geochronology of sequences containing glacial deposits- thon (Fig. 1b). The data lead to a discussion on the geochronology and palaeogeography of the Varanger

  16. Assessing the age of the Late Cretaceous Danek Bonebed with UPb geochronology1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Alexander P.

    ARTICLE Assessing the age of the Late Cretaceous Danek Bonebed with U­Pb geochronology1 Joshua H employing U­Pb geochronology. Both laser-ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA. The results highlight the importance of high precision geochronology in constraining the age of important

  17. EVOLUTION OF AGING AND LATE LIFE Casandra L. Rauser, Laurence D. Mueller,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mueller, Laurence D.

    551 18 EVOLUTION OF AGING AND LATE LIFE Casandra L. Rauser, Laurence D. Mueller, Michael Travisano, and Michael R. Rose EVOLUTIONARY THEORIES OF AGING Hamilton's Forces of Natural Selection Comparative Biology of Aging Specific Population Genetic Hypotheses for Aging THE ROLE OF EXPERIMENTAL EVOLUTION IN TESTING

  18. Characterization of late Campanian and Maastrichtian planktonic foraminiferal depth habitats and vital activities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and vital activities based on stable isotopes Sigal Abramovich a;Ã , Gerta Keller a , Doris Stu«ben b the deeper thermocline layer during cool climatic intervals. Two distinct types of `vital effect' mechanisms reserved. Keywords: late Cretaceous; planktonic foraminifera; stable isotopes; depth habitats; vital e

  19. The consequence of late-onset alcohol abuse in aged bone: a histomorhometric analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barker, Lisa Setchfield

    2000-01-01

    The objective of this experiment was to examine the effect of late-onset alcohol abuse on aged bone using the rat model. Thirty female Fischer 344 rats were separated by weights into one of four groups: baseline, alcohol-fed, pair-fed, and pellet...

  20. The harmful effects of late-onset alcohol consumption on cortical bone in aged rats 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowlin, Julie Lee

    2001-01-01

    This study looked at the effects of late-onset alcohol consumption for 8 weeks on the aged rat model (15 months old). Thirty 15 month old female Fisher 344 rats were divided into three diet groups: Alcohol (n=9), pair-fed (n=9), and pellet (n=6...

  1. Competition and Conflict: Ludic Structures and Strategies in Late Medieval Iberian Romance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Brien, Michael Patrick

    2014-05-31

    fifteenth-century witnessed the composition, and enactment of, elaborate courtly romances. A culture of chivalry, of romance, of devotion to the lady thrived in the Iberian royal courts, as it did elsewhere in the medieval West” (193).2 The Courtly... existential phenomenon” (19). Approaches to play are varied and cover wide-ranging areas of psychological and social development. Invariably, some of these additional areas influenced by play will be touched upon throughout the current project, but always...

  2. Web-Interactive Integration of Regional Weather Networks for Risk Management of Late Blight in Potato Canopies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Douches, David S.

    of potato late blight. The system integrates regional automated weather network data, fungicide rates application for 30 Michigan sites were updated daily. From 1997 to 2000, the use of weather data in grower according to weather-based recommendations. #12;3 Late blight of potato, caused by Phytophthora infestans

  3. Simulated Impacts of Global Warming on Building Thermal Loads Throughout the 21st Century 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Degelman, L.

    2007-01-01

    of Global Warming on Building Thermal Loads Throughout the 21st Century Presented at ASHRAE Seminar 48 ?Climate Change: Modeling the Weather and Its Potential Impacts on Building Performance? Tuesday, 8:00 a.m., 26 June 2007 Long Beach, CA by Larry O.... Degelman, P.E. Professor Emeritus of Architecture Texas A&M University ldegelman@suddenlink.net Outline handptrightTrends in global warming handptrightModels matched against global warming records handptrightFactors contributing to global warming...

  4. The glass beakers of the eleventh-century Serc?e Limani shipwreck: a preliminary study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kitson-MimMack, Joy Joan

    1988-01-01

    and composed of deep shades. And las+ly, despite 'ooth vessel shapes having engraved examples, the design themes on short cylinders are significantly 'ess varied than those on truncated cones. The beaker is one of the most ancient forms of drinking vessels... and Classification to the Sixteenth Century New York 1927 2 vole. L'E o ue romaine Musee d'Histoire et d' Art, La Verrerie de 1' ' 66 * 1 6~1969 Ettinghausen R. Ettinghausen, "The 'Beveled Style' in the Post-Samarra Period, " in George C. Miles, ed...

  5. Nineteenth century American interpretations of the justice of the Mexican War 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathis, Robert Neil

    1964-01-01

    the various American intsrymtations on the Mexican Igsr. Xn this study, X bavs sought to 4efine tbe 4cminsnt nineteenth century lute~iona of tbe justice of the war, ss well ss tin factors which contributed to the popularity of these views. 81nce the study... necessary to lim1t tbe number of works discussed. Xn tbe selection of the material from the multitude of sources, those works which sost clearly expressed the dominant opinion in a particu1ar psricd received the greatest attention. K, stories, diaries...

  6. A review of "Revelation Restored: The Apocalypse in Later Seventeenth-Century England" by Warren Johnston 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bennett, Martyn

    2012-01-01

    approach the derivation of meaning from older paintings. As Price himself states, ?this piece of Dutch history still lives and is still capable of giving pleasure, though we can never be sure that what we see and experience now is either what the artist... by ?? ??? ???????, ???? ????? ? ??? ? ?? ? ??. Radical religion and attendant hopes for the apocalypse in the years preceding and even more so during the British and Irish Civil Wars and Revolution of the mid-seventeenth century have been long examined and explored by a range of authors and through...

  7. A review of "Familial Forms: Politics and Genealogy in Seventeenth-Century Literature" by Erin Murphy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desroches, Lissa Beauchamp

    2011-01-01

    of self, practices of self-writing, and the role of piety in early modern female life. e book is an excellent addition to this admirable Ashgate series. Erin Murphy. Familial Forms: Politics and Genealogy in Seventeenth- Century Literature. Newark..., is the focus of Erin Murphy?s book. She o?ers a comprehensive analysis, drawing attention to the use of the metaphor of domesticity for politi- cal houses in literary senses as well as to the practical application of genealogies that tied monarchical...

  8. Enabling and inhibiting urban development : a case study of Lahore Improvement Trust as a late colonial institution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malik, Hala Bashir

    2014-01-01

    This thesis examines the Lahore Improvement Trust in relation to the urban development of the city of Lahore in mid-twentieth century. LIT was responsible for most major urban development in the city from 1936 up until ...

  9. Place for Lisbon in Eighteenth Century Europe : Lisbon, London and Edinburgh, a town-planning comparative study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Da Cunha Murteira, Maria Helena

    2006-11-29

    From the incipient and occasional town planning solutions of the late medieval period, to the Renaissance model of the "ideal city", there was primarily a process of conceptualisation of the dream urban environment. Order ...

  10. Scenarios of Global Municipal Water-Use Demand Projections over the 21st Century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hejazi, Mohamad I.; Edmonds, James A.; Chaturvedi, Vaibhav; Davies, Evan; Eom, Jiyong

    2013-03-06

    This paper establishes three future projections of global municipal water use to the end of the 21st century: A reference business-as usual (BAU) scenario, a High Technological Improvement (High Tech) scenario and a Low Technological Improvement (Low Tech) scenario. A global municipal water demand model is constructed using global water use statistics at the country-scale, calibrated to the base year of 2005, and simulated to the end of the 21st century. Since the constructed water demand model hinges on socioeconomic variables (population, income), water price, and end-use technology and efficiency improvement rates, projections of those input variables are adopted to characterize the uncertainty in future water demand estimates. The water demand model is linked to the Global Change Assessment Model (GCAM), a global change integrated assessment model. Under the reference scenario, the global total water withdrawal increases from 466 km3/year in 2005 to 941 km3/year in 2100,while withdrawals in the high and low tech scenarios are 321 km3/ year and 2000 km3/ year, respectively. This wide range (321-2000 km3/ year) indicates the level of uncertainty associated with such projections. The simulated global municipal demand projections are most sensitive to population and income projections, then to end-use technology and efficiency projections, and finally to water price. Thus, using water price alone as a policy measure to reduce municipal water use may substantiate the share of municipal water price of people’s annual incomes.

  11. Climate Change Policies for the XXIst Century: Mechanisms, Predictions and Recommendations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Igor Khmelinskii; Peter Stallinga

    2014-05-15

    Recent experimental works demonstrated that the Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) hypothesis, embodied in a series of Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) global climate models, is erroneous. These works prove that atmospheric carbon dioxide contributes only very moderately to the observed warming, and that there is no climatic catastrophe in the making, independent on whether or not carbon dioxide emissions will be reduced. In view of these developments, we discuss climate predictions for the XXIst century. Based on the solar activity tendencies, a new Little Ice Age is predicted by the middle of this century, with significantly lower global temperatures. We also show that IPCC climate models can't produce any information regarding future climate, due to essential physical phenomena lacking in those, and that the current budget deficit in many EU countries is mainly caused by the policies promoting renewable energies and other AGW-motivated measures. In absence of any predictable adverse climate consequences of carbon dioxide emissions, and with no predictable shortage of fossil fuels, we argue for recalling of all policies aimed at reducing carbon dioxide emissions and usage of expensive renewable energy sources. The concepts of carbon credits, green energy and green fuels should be abandoned in favor of productive, economically viable and morally acceptable solutions.

  12. Exploration of cloud computing late start LDRD #149630 : Raincoat. v. 2.1.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Echeverria, Victor T.; Metral, Michael David; Leger, Michelle A.; Gabert, Kasimir Georg; Edgett, Patrick Garrett; Thai, Tan Q.

    2010-09-01

    This report contains documentation from an interoperability study conducted under the Late Start LDRD 149630, Exploration of Cloud Computing. A small late-start LDRD from last year resulted in a study (Raincoat) on using Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) to enhance security in a hybrid cloud environment. Raincoat initially explored the use of OpenVPN on IPv4 and demonstrates that it is possible to secure the communication channel between two small 'test' clouds (a few nodes each) at New Mexico Tech and Sandia. We extended the Raincoat study to add IPSec support via Vyatta routers, to interface with a public cloud (Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2)), and to be significantly more scalable than the previous iteration. The study contributed to our understanding of interoperability in a hybrid cloud.

  13. Indications of a late-time interaction in the dark sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valentina Salvatelli; Najla Said; Marco Bruni; Alessandro Melchiorri; David Wands

    2014-10-01

    We show that a general late-time interaction between cold dark matter and vacuum energy is favoured by current cosmological datasets. We characterize the strength of the coupling by a dimensionless parameter $q_V$ that is free to take different values in four redshift bins from the primordial epoch up to today. This interacting scenario is in agreement with measurements of cosmic microwave background temperature anisotropies from the Planck satellite, supernovae Ia from Union 2.1 and redshift space distortions from a number of surveys, as well as with combinations of these different datasets. We show that a non-zero interaction is very likely at late times. We then focus on the case $q_V\

  14. TESTING THE METAL OF LATE-TYPE KEPLER PLANET HOSTS WITH IRON-CLAD METHODS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mann, Andrew W.; Hilton, Eric J.; Gaidos, Eric; Kraus, Adam

    2013-06-10

    It has been shown that F, G, and early K dwarf hosts of Neptune-sized planets are not preferentially metal-rich. However, it is less clear whether the same holds for late K and M dwarf planet hosts. We report metallicities of Kepler targets and candidate transiting planet hosts with effective temperatures below 4500 K. We use new metallicity calibrations to determine [Fe/H] from visible and near-infrared spectra. We find that the metallicity distribution of late K and M dwarfs monitored by Kepler is consistent with that of the solar neighborhood. Further, we show that hosts of Earth- to Neptune-sized planets have metallicities consistent with those lacking detected planets and rule out a previously claimed 0.2 dex offset between the two distributions at 6{sigma} confidence. We also demonstrate that the metallicities of late K and M dwarfs hosting multiple detected planets are consistent with those lacking detected planets. Our results indicate that multiple terrestrial and Neptune-sized planets can form around late K and M dwarfs with metallicities as low as 0.25 solar. The presence of Neptune-sized planets orbiting such low-metallicity M dwarfs suggests that accreting planets collect most or all of the solids from the disk and that the potential cores of giant planets can readily form around M dwarfs. The paucity of giant planets around M dwarfs compared to solar-type stars must be due to relatively rapid disk evaporation or a slower rate of planet accretion, rather than insufficient solids to form a core.

  15. Clues to the nature of SN 2009ip from photometric and spectroscopic evolution to late times

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Graham, M. L. [Astronomy Department, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Sand, D. J. [Physics Department, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409 (United States); Valenti, S.; Howell, D. A.; Parrent, J. [Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network, Goleta, CA 93117 (United States); Halford, M.; Zaritsky, D. [Astronomy Department, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Bianco, F. [Department of Physics, New York University, 4 Washington Place, New York, NY 10003 (United States); Rest, A. [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Dilday, B., E-mail: melissagraham@berkeley.edu [North Idaho College, 1000 W. Garden Avenue, Coeur d'Alene, ID 83814 (United States)

    2014-06-01

    We present time series photometric and spectroscopic data for the transient SN 2009ip from the start of its outburst in 2012 September until 2013 November. These data were collected primarily with the new robotic capabilities of the Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network, a specialized facility for time domain astrophysics, and includes supporting high-resolution spectroscopy from the Southern Astrophysical Research Telescope, Kitt Peak National Observatory, and Gemini Observatory. Based on our nightly photometric monitoring, we interpret the strength and timing of fluctuations in the light curve as interactions between fast-moving ejecta and an inhomogeneous circumstellar material (CSM) produced by past eruptions of this massive luminous blue variable (LBV) star. Our time series of spectroscopy in 2012 reveals that, as the continuum and narrow H? flux from CSM interactions declines, the broad component of H? persists with supernova (SN)-like velocities that are not typically seen in LBVs or SN impostor events. At late times, we find that SN 2009ip continues to decline slowly, at ? 0.01 mag day{sup –1}, with small fluctuations in slope similar to Type IIn supernovae (SNe IIn) or SN impostors but no further LBV-like activity. The late-time spectrum features broad calcium lines similar to both late-time SNe and SN impostors. In general, we find that the photometric and spectroscopic evolution of SN 2009ip is more similar to SNe IIn than either continued eruptions of an LBV star or SN impostors but we cannot rule out a nonterminal explosion. In this context, we discuss the implications for episodic mass loss during the late stages of massive star evolution.

  16. Depth-gradient analysis of the Colony Creek Cycle (late Pennsylvanian) of north Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kennedy, Noel Lynne

    1986-01-01

    Chairman of Advisory Coamittee: Dr. Thomas E. Yancey Late Pennsylvanian depositional cycles consisting of transgres- sive and regressive sequences, and containing thin limestones overlain by thick shales which are in turn overlain by sandstones and... and the Colorado River valley, and has a similar vertical stratigra- phic succession of lithologies in both areas. This succession consists of 1) a thin transgressive limestone, 2) phosphatic dark shale, 3) gray shales with abundant fossils, 4) mixed shale...

  17. The origin of the plateau and late rebrightening in the afterglow of GRB 120326A

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hou, S. J.; Lu, J. F. [Department of Astronomy and Institute of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian 361005 (China); Geng, J. J.; Wang, K.; Huang, Y. F.; Dai, Z. G. [School of Astronomy and Space Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Wu, X. F., E-mail: xfwu@pmo.ac.cn [Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008 (China)

    2014-04-20

    GRB 120326A is an unusual gamma-ray burst (GRB) that has a long plateau and a very late rebrightening in both X-ray and optical bands. The similar behavior of the optical and X-ray light curves suggests that they may share a common origin. The long plateau starts at several hundred seconds and ends at tens of thousands of seconds, and the peak time of the late rebrightening is about 30,000 s. We analyze the energy injection model by means of numerical and analytical solutions, considering both the wind environment and the interstellar medium environment for GRB afterglows. We particularly study the influence of the injection starting time, ending time, stellar wind density (or density of the circumburst environment), and injection luminosity on the shape of the afterglow light curves, respectively. In the wind model, we find that the light curve is largely affected by the parameters and that there is a 'bump' in the late stage. In the wind environment, we found that the longer the energy is injected, the more obvious the rebrightening will be. We also find that the peak time of the bump is determined by the stellar wind density. We use the late continuous injection model to interpret the unusual afterglow of GRB 120326A. The model fits the observational data well; however, we find that the timescale of the injection must be higher than 10,000 s, which implies that the timescale of the central engine activity must also be more than 10,000 s. This information can give useful constraints on the central engines of GRBs—we consider a newborn millisecond pulsar with a strong magnetic field to be the central engine. On the other hand, our results suggest that the circumburst environment of GRB 120326A is very likely a stellar wind.

  18. Ruptured Aortic Aneurysm From Late Type II Endoleak Treated by Transarterial Embolization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gunasekaran, Senthil; Funaki, Brian Lorenz, Jonathan

    2013-02-15

    Endoleak is the most common complication after endovascular aneurysm repair. The most common type of endoleak, a type II endoleak, typically follows a benign course and is only treated when associated with increasing aneurysm size. In this case report, we describe a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm due to a late, type II endoleak occurring 10 years after endovascular aneurysm repair that was successfully treated by transarterial embolization.

  19. The 19th Annual Conference of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 2005 Development of a Para-Experience Multiagent Simulator for a Building Fire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nakanishi, Hideyuki

    -04 Development of a Para-Experience Multiagent Simulator for a Building Fire *1 *1 *1 *2 *2 Shunsuke Taniduka University National Research Institute of Fire and Disaster A simulation of a fire drill in virtual space is very useful and we should make the simulation more real one. In a fire, smoke influences actions

  20. In Proceedings of 19th International Conference on Conceptual Modeling (ER 2000), Salt Lake City, USA, October 912, 2000. 00. SpringerVerlag.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ling, Tok Wang

    , Singapore 119260 lingtw@comp.nus.edu.sg Abstract. Most documents available over the web conform to the HTML in a natural and simple way. 1 Introduction Most documents available over the web conform to the HTML speci#12 become as important and as widely used as HTML in the future. #12; The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C

  1. Modeling Study of the Effect of Anthropogenic Aerosols on Late Spring Drought in South China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hu, Ning; Liu, Xiaohong

    2013-10-01

    In this study, the mechanisms underlying the decadal variability of late spring precipitation in south China are investigated using the latest version 1 of Community Earth System Model (CESM1). We aim to unravel the effects of different climate forcing agents, such as aerosols and greenhouse gases (GHGs), on the decadal variation of precipitation with transient experiments from pre-industry (for year 1850) to present-day (for year 2000). Our results reveal that: (1) CESM1 can reproduce the climatological features of atmospheric circulation and precipitation for the late spring in south China; (2) Only simulations including the forcing of anthropogenic aerosols can reproduce the observed decreasing trend of late spring precipitation from 1950-2000 in south China; (3) Aerosols affect the decadal change of precipitation mainly by altering the large scale atmospheric circulation, and to a less extent by increasing the lower-tropospheric stability to inhibit the convective precipitation; and (4) In comparison, other climate forcing agents, such as GHGs, have much smaller effects on the decadal change of spring precipitation in south China. Key words: precipitation, aerosols, climate change, south China, Community Earth System Model

  2. Contamination by field late-M, L and T dwarfs in deep surveys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. A. Caballero; A. J. Burgasser; R. Klement

    2008-06-01

    Context: Deep photometric surveys for substellar objects in young clusters and for high-redshift quasars are affected by contaminant sources at different heliocentric distances.If not correctly taken into account, the contamination may have a strong effect on the Initial Mass Function determination and on the identification of quasars. Aims: We calculate in detail the back- and foreground contamination by field dwarfs of very late spectral types (intermediate and late M, L and T) in deep surveys and provide the data and tools for the computation. Methods: Up-to-date models and data from the literature have been used: (i) a model of the Galactic thin disc by an exponential law; (ii) the length and height scales for late-type dwarfs; (iii) the local spatial densities, absolute magnitudes and colours of dwarfs for each spectral type. Results: We derive a simplified expression for the spatial density in the thin disc that depends on the heliocentric distance and the galactic coordinates (l, b) and integrate it in the truncated cone screened in the survey. As a practical application, we compute the numbers of L- and T-type field dwarfs in very deep (I = 21-29 mag) surveys in the direction of the young sigma Orionis cluster. The increasing number of contaminants at the faintest magnitudes could inhibit the study of the opacity mass limit at M <~ 0.003 M_sol in the cluster.

  3. Eolian evidence for climatic fluctuations during the Late Pleistocene and Holocene in Wyoming

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gaylord, D.R.

    1985-01-01

    Evaluation of eolian features, particularly sand dunes, in the Ferris-Lost Solider area of south-central Wyoming demonstrates the dynamic character of late Pleistocene and Holocene climatic fluctuations in a high altitude, intermontane basin. Directly- and indirectly-dated stratigraphic, sedimentary, and geomorphic evidence documents recurrent late Quaternary eolian activity as well as the timing and severity of episodic aridity during the Altithermal. Eolian activity in the Ferris-Lost Solider area began under cool and arid conditions by the late Pleistocene. Radiocarbon-dated dune and interdune strata reveal that Holocene sand dune building at Ferris-Lost Solider peaked between ca. 7660 and 4540 years b.p. The first phase of dune building was the most extensive and lasted until ca. 6460 years b.p. Warm, persistently arid conditions during this time favored active dunes with slipfaces, even in historically well-vegetated locales subject to high water tables. Increased effective moisture from ca. 6460 to 5940 years b.p. promoted dune stabilizing vegetation; but renewed dune building, lasting until ca. 4540 years b.p., followed this climatic moderation. Subsequent dune and interdune deposits reveal a return to climatic conditions where only sporadic and localized dune reactivations have interrupted overall dune stability. The most significant recent reactivation, probably associated with a regional decrease in effective moisture, occurred ca. 290 years b.p.

  4. GRB 080503 late afterglow re-brightening: signature of a magnetar powered merger-nova

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, He; Wu, Xue-Feng; Dai, Zi-Gao; Zhang, Bing

    2015-01-01

    GRB 080503 is a short gamma-ray burst (GRB) detected by \\emph{Swift} and has been classified as a compact-star-merger-origin GRB. The soft extended emission and the simultaneous late re-brightening in both the X-ray and optical afterglow lightcurves raise interesting questions regarding its physical origin. We show that the broad-band data of GRB 080503 can be well explained within the framework of the double neutron star merger model, provided that the merger remnant is a rapidly-rotating massive neutron star with an extremely high magnetic field (i.e. a millisecond magnetar). We show that the late optical re-brightening is consistent with the emission from a magnetar-powered "merger-nova". This adds one more case to the growing sample of merger-novae associated with short GRBs. The soft extended emission and the late X-ray excess emission are well connected through a magnetar dipole spin-down luminosity evolution function, suggesting that direct magnetic dissipation is the mechanism to produce these X-rays....

  5. Structuring public place through the design of access systems : the design of urban public place, an addition to the "New Market" of Calcutta, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad Aminuddin

    1995-01-01

    The addition and re-design of a 19th century covered market in the heart of Calcutta, India, is the design project to explore the larger topic of place-making within a specific culture. In Calcutta the divisions of society ...

  6. British Culture and Society, 1780-1914 History 459

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fletcher, Robin

    1 British Culture and Society, 1780-1914 History 459 Consider Resources Primary Resources: diaries (scholarly vs. popular), theses, the Web Check subject guides under: Research by Subject History By Region dictionaries great britain civilization 19th century encyclopedias great britain history dictionaries great

  7. www.sciam.com SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN 33 SustainableDevelopments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    By JEFFREY SACHS Each era has its own dominating themes of global politics. The 19th century had the politics that are already unsustainable as practiced. Yet with the economic successes now propelling India and China, we won't get there. Hydrocarbon scarcities can easily lead to war unless we develop energy

  8. A Phase I Archaeological Survey of a 14.125 Acre Tract: The Arbors of Sam Houston Housing Project in Central Walker County, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, William; Wagner, Janet

    2015-06-09

    (HUD) agency. The area examined is the site of a proposed apartment complex to be constructed by First Worthing Company of Dallas,Texas. An historic record search by J . K. Wagner & Company, Inc. revealed the presence of a 19th century farmstead...

  9. Technical matters The practice and politics of geo-referencing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    version of the 19th-century scramble for Africa."1 "A new geopolitics of hunger" 2 1. The Guardian UK, 22 November 2008 2. Joao Pedro Stedile (MST, Via Campesina), 2008 #12;I. Existing legal architecture #12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;Existing legal architecture #12;II. Concession-based development #12;Areas BELOW 800 masl Areas ABOVE 1

  10. Measuring the Gardens of Eden A map of the area around Gasur, near Kirkuk in northern Iraq, drawn up

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tevelev, Jenia

    . He built a boat and loaded it with all his possessions, his kith and kin, domesticated and wild knowledge of how to read cuneiform was lost until its decipherment in the 19th century. About half a million A = c2 4 c2 12 #12;Sexagesimal System · A place-value number system with base 60 was introduced around

  11. Architectural History: Sample Pathway Semester I Semester II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldberg, Bennett

    . Of the remaining eight courses, at least four must be taken at the 300-level or higher, including at least one must include one course each from the following five groups: (Group A) Ancient, Medieval, Ancient American; (Group B) Asian, African, Islamic; (Group C) Renaissance, Baroque, 18 th century; (Group D) 19 th

  12. Associated Faculty Bidney, Martin P., Professor, PhD, 1971, Indiana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    113 Associated Faculty Bidney, Martin P., Professor, PhD, 1971, Indiana University: 19th-century English literature, Russian literature, Blake. (1969) Coates, Carrol F., Professor, PhD, 1964, Yale), comparative literature. (1963) Okpewho, Isidore, Professor, PhD, 1976, University of Denver: Classics, African

  13. The Mepkin Abbey shipwreck: diving into Mepkin Plantation's past 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vezeau, Susan Lynn

    2004-11-15

    Laurens. This thesis includes a description of the field research, drawings of the vessel, a scantling list, and a discussion of the artifacts recovered from the site which provided clues dating the vessel to the second quarter of the 19th century...

  14. New optimal tests of quantum nonlocality Itamar Pitowsky

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Svozil, Karl

    , probability theory 1 #12;BOOLE-BELL INEQUALITIES We shall present a general method for the derivation of all probability distribution P. In the middle of the 19th century George Boole [1, 3­6] investigated probability distribution on the Boolean algebra generated by the events A1, A2, B1, B2. It is not hard to see

  15. New optimal tests of quantum nonlocality Itamar Pitowsky

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Svozil, Karl

    polytopes, probability theory 1 #12; BOOLE-BELL INEQUALITIES We shall present a general method for every possible classical probability distribution P . In the middle of the 19th century George Boole [1 algebra generated by the events A 1 ; A 2 ; B 1 ; B 2 . It is not hard to see that the vector p = (P (A 1

  16. Mathematical Logic Lecture Notes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krajíèek, Jan

    . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 3.4 Equational Classes and Universal Algebra . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 4 Some Model Theory 57 4, logic is relatively recent: the 19th century pioneers were Bolzano, Boole, Cantor, Dedekind, Frege algebra, set theory, propositional logic, predicate logic, as clarifying the foundations of the natural

  17. Lecture Notes in Ordered Sets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harju, Tero

    .4. Fixed points 47 3. Special Lattices 50 3.1. Distributive and modular lattices 50 3.2. Algebraic lattices to have their origin in the work of G. Boole when he tried to axiomatize propositional logic. Lattices were introduced at the end of the 19th century by C.S. Peirce and E. Schröder ("Die Algebra der Logik

  18. A Silver Anniversary: The first 25 years of the Kenneth Spencer Research Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helyar, James; Mason, Alexandra; Williams, Sheryl K.; Kehde, Edward; Bunch, Barry; Crowe, William J.

    1994-01-01

    humanists had its Spanish equivalent in a somewhat larger purchase of the following year. Sir William Stirling-Maxwell, noted for his The Cloister Life of the Emperor Charles V, was a great 19th century British Hispanist and book collector. His library...

  19. Hybridisation and introgression of exotic Cervus (nippon and canadensis) with red deer (Cervus elaphus) in the British Isles 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Stephanie Lindsay

    2013-11-28

    Europe’s largest population of wild red deer (Cervus elaphus) resides in the British Isles and has been present since the end of the last ice age, c. 11,000BP. Since the mid-19th century, multiple introductions of Japanese ...

  20. 30 Scientific American, June 2012 The Science of Health by Philip T. B. Starks and Brittany L. Slabach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Starks, Philip

    in Europe until the 19th century, and some societies, such as the Tiv tribe of Nigeria, still rely is that soil contains minerals, such as calcium, sodium and iron, which support energy production and other's diet does not provide enough minerals or when the challenges of the environment demand extra energy