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1

EA-1655: Berkeley Lab Laser Accelerator (BELLA) Laser Acquisition, Installation and Use for Research and Development  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Berkeley Lab Laser Accelerator (BELLA) Laser Acquisition, Installation and Use for Research and Development

2

The BErkeley Lab Laser Accelerator (BELLA): A 10 GeV Laser Plasma Accelerator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

used at the world's first x-ray free electron laser (FEL) at the LCLS at SLAC, and the lower energyThe BErkeley Lab Laser Accelerator (BELLA): A 10 GeV Laser Plasma Accelerator W.P. Leemansa,b,c , R, USA Abstract. An overview is presented of the design of a 10 GeV laser plasma accelerator (LPA

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

3

BELLA World Record Sets Stage for Laser Experiments in Novel Acceleration  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

BELLA World Record Sets Stage for Laser Experiments in Novel BELLA World Record Sets Stage for Laser Experiments in Novel Acceleration Techniques High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees News & Resources Contact Information High Energy Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-25/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3624 F: (301) 903-2597 E: sc.hep@science.doe.gov More Information Ā» October 2012 BELLA World Record Sets Stage for Laser Experiments in Novel Acceleration Techniques Laser Delivers One Petawatt of Power in a Pulse only 40 Femtoseconds Long Every Second Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page Click to enlarge photo. Enlarge Photo Image courtesy of Roy Kaltschmidt, LBNL

4

LASER ACCELERATORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA Accelerator & Fusion Researchat the 1983 Particle Accelerator Conference, Santa Fe, NM,March 21-23, 1983 LASER ACCELERATORS A.M. Sessler TWO-WEEK

Sessler, A.M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

The BErkeley Lab Laser Accelerator (BELLA): A 10 GeV Laser Plasma Accelerator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the plasma target will be the vacuum focus location ofFinal Focus Diagnostic (High Power),' a meter-scale plasma

Leemans, W.P.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Laser Wakefield Particle Accelerators Project at NERSC  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Laser Wakefield Particle Acceleration Laser Wakefield Particle Acceleration Vorpal.jpg Key Challenges: Design of multiple-staged, 10-GeV laser-wakefield plasma accelerated...

7

Project: BELLA Bldg. #: 71  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Upgrades (UPS) B. B75/B36 HPW Replacement C. B90 Repair Buttress Support Affected Area Dates Project/15/2011 Mc Millan Rd. (11) 10 8/1/2011 10/15/2011 Lot Q (116) 4 8/1/2011 10/15/2011 C B90 Repair Buttress Seismic Phase II B74 B B75 HPW Pipeline B75/B76 SERC TBD 9 CRT TBD 5 BELLA B71 6 #12;

8

Laser acceleration of ion beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider methods of charged particle acceleration by means of high-intensity lasers. As an application we discuss a laser booster for heavy ion beams provided, e.g. by the Dubna nuclotron. Simple estimates show that a cascade of crossed laser beams would be necessary to provide additional acceleration to gold ions of the order of GeV/nucleon.

I. A. Egorova; A. V. Filatov; A. V. Prozorkevich; S. A. Smolyansky; D. B. Blaschke; M. Chubaryan

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Laser Guiding for GeV Laser-Plasma Accelerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Overview of plasma-based accelerator concepts. IEEE Trans.using laser wake?eld accelerators. Meas. Sci. Technol. 12,for GeV laser-plasma accelerators. In Advanced Accelerator

Leemans, Wim; Esarey, Eric; Geddes, Cameron; Schroeder, C.B.; Toth, Csaba

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Charge Diagnostics for Laser Plasma Accelerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the 1989 Particle Accelerator Conference, IEEE, Piscataway,Diagnostics for Laser Plasma Accelerators K . Nakamura, A .ALS) synchrotron booster accelerator. The sensitivity of the

Nakamura, K.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Nonlinear laser energy depletion in laser-plasma accelerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lee- mans, in Advanced Accelerator Concepts, Eleventh Work-in laser-plasma accelerators ? B. A. Shadwick, 1, ‡ C. B.ac- celerators. Laser-plasma accelerators, for example, have

Shadwick, B.A.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Bella Solar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bella Energy Bella Energy Name Bella Energy Address 500 South Arthur Ave #400 Place Louisville, Colorado Zip 80027 Sector Solar Product Solar energy solutions and installer of PV panels Website http://www.bellaenergy.com/ Coordinates 39.962574Ā°, -105.123355Ā° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.962574,"lon":-105.123355,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

13

LASER-PLASMA-ACCELERATOR-BASED GAMMA GAMMA COLLIDERS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LASER-PLASMA-ACCELERATOR-BASED ?? COLLIDERS ? C. B.linear col- lider based on laser-plasma-accelerators arediscussed, and a laser-plasma-accelerator-based gamma-

Schroeder, C. B.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Staging laser plasma accelerators for increased beam energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Staging Laser Plasma Accelerators for Increased Beam EnergyStaging laser plasma accelerators is an efficient way ofcompact laser-plasma accelerators to generate particle

Panasenko, Dmitriy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Ultrafast Diagnostics for Electron Beams from Laser Plasma Accelerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Laser Plasma Accelerators," in this proceedings, 2010.Based Laser Wakefield Accelerator Electron Beam EnergyMotion in a Laser-Plasma Accelerator," in this proceedings,

Matlis, N. H.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Accelerated ring laser  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The behavior of a ring laser rotating with nonuniform angular velocity has become of interest, both experimental and theoretical. Within a framework of modest idealizations, we present a classical, relativistically exact theoretical analysis. The beat frequency, we find, is given by an expression of the Sagnac form but with the instantaneous angular velocity in place of the usual constant velocity. One has an "instantaneous Sagnac effect."

Takamasa Takahashi and Ralph Baierlein

1977-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Laser-PlasmaWakefield Acceleration with Higher Order Laser Modes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design considerations for a laser-plasma linear collider,"E.Esarey, and W.P.Leemans, "Free-electron laser driven bythe LBNL laser-plasma accelerator," in Proc. Adv. Acc. Con.

Geddes, C.G.R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Laser Plasma Particle Accelerators: Large Fields for Smaller Facility Sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of high- gradient, laser plasma particle accelerators.accelerators that use laser-driven plasma waves. Theseleft) showing the laser (red), plasma wake density (purple-

Geddes, Cameron G.R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Geek-Up[3.18.2011]: Catalytically Active Material and BELLA | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

8.2011]: Catalytically Active Material and BELLA 8.2011]: Catalytically Active Material and BELLA Geek-Up[3.18.2011]: Catalytically Active Material and BELLA March 18, 2011 - 3:54pm Addthis PNNL scientists Grant Johnson and Julia Laskin | Photo Courtesy of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory PNNL scientists Grant Johnson and Julia Laskin | Photo Courtesy of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Niketa Kumar Niketa Kumar Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What are the key facts? PNL researchers produced catalytically active material that may help advance fuel cell and solar energy storage applications. In just one meter a single BELLA stage -- with a "boosted-frame" method -- will accelerate an electron beam to 10 billion electron volts. Thanks to an innovative approach from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

20

First Demonstration of Staged Laser Acceleration  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Laser Wakefield Acceleration Driven by a CO 2 Laser (STELLA-LW) W. D. Kimura ATF Users' Meeting Jan. 8, 2004 Work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Grant Nos....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "laser accelerator bella" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Laser guiding for GeV laser–plasma accelerators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...plasma-beat-wave accelerator. Phys. Rev...Singhal2003Applications for nuclear phenomena generated...laser wakefield accelerators. Phys. Plasmas...crossing a plasma-vacuum boundary. Phys...laser wakefield accelerators. Phys. Plasmas...generated at a plasma-vacuum interface. Phys...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Modeling Laser Wakefield Accelerators in a Lorentz Boosted Frame  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Modeling Laser Wakefield Accelerators in a Lorentz Boosted Frame Modeling Laser Wakefield Accelerators in a Lorentz Boosted Frame VayBoost.gif An image showing the "boosted frame,"...

23

Space Charge Compensation in Laser Particle Accelerators L.C...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Compensation in Laser Particle Accelerators L.C. Steinhauer and W.D. Kimura STI Optronics, 2755 Northup Way, Bellevue, WA 98004-1495 Abstract. Laser particle acceleration...

24

Electron Beam Charge Diagnostics for Laser Plasma Accelerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the 1989 Particle Accelerator Conference (IEEE, Piscataway,the 1993 Particle Accelerator Conference (IEEE, Piscataway,Diagnostics for Laser Plasma Accelerators K. Nakamura, 1 A.

Nakamura, Kei

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Laser Plasma Particle Accelerators: Large Fields for Smaller Facility Sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

essential understanding of accelerator physics to advanceof high- gradient, laser plasma particle accelerators.to conventional particle accelerators, plasmas can sustain

Geddes, Cameron G.R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

LASER-PLASMA-ACCELERATOR-BASED COLLIDERS C. B. Schroeder  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LASER-PLASMA-ACCELERATOR-BASED COLLIDERS C. B. Schroeder , E. Esarey, Cs. TĀ´oth, C. G. R. Geddes-generation linear col- lider based on laser-plasma-accelerators are discussed, and a laser-plasma-accelerator gamma-gamma () collider is considered. An example of the parameters for a 0.5 TeV laser-plasma-accelerator collider

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

27

Microwave accelerator E-beam pumped laser  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A device and method for pumping gaseous lasers by means of a microwave accelerator. The microwave accelerator produces a relativistic electron beam which is applied along the longitudinal axis of the laser through an electron beam window. The incident points of the electron beam on the electron beam window are varied by deflection coils to enhance the cooling characteristics of the foil. A thyratron is used to reliably modulate the microwave accelerator to produce electron beam pulses which excite the laser medium to produce laser pulse repetition frequencies not previously obtainable. An aerodynamic window is also disclosed which eliminates foil heating problems, as well as a magnetic bottle for reducing laser cavity length and pressures while maintaining efficient energy deposition.

Brau, Charles A. (Los Alamos, NM); Stein, William E. (Los Alamos, NM); Rockwood, Stephen D. (Los Alamos, NM)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Photonic laser-driven accelerator for GALAXIE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the design and development of an all-dielectric laser-driven accelerator to be used in the GALAXIE (GV-per-meter Acce Lerator And X-ray-source Integrated Experiment) project's compact free-electron laser. The approach of our working design is to construct eigenmodes, borrowing from the field of photonics, which yield the appropriate, highly demanding dynamics in a high-field, short wavelength accelerator. Topics discussed include transverse focusing, power coupling, bunching, and fabrication.

Naranjo, B.; Ho, M.; Hoang, P.; Putterman, S.; Valloni, A.; Rosenzweig, J. B. [UCLA Dept. of Physics and Astronomy Los Angeles, CA 90095-1547 (United States)

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

29

Ion Acceleration by Short Chirped Laser Pulses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Direct laser acceleration of ions by short frequency-chirped laser pulses is investigated theoretically. We demonstrate that intense beams of ions with a kinetic energy broadening of about 1 % can be generated. The chirping of the laser pulse allows the particles to gain kinetic energies of hundreds of MeVs, which is required for hadron cancer therapy, from pulses of energies of the order of 100 J. It is shown that few-cycle chirped pulses can accelerate ions more efficiently than long ones, i.e. higher ion kinetic energies are reached with the same amount of total electromagnetic pulse energy.

Li, Jian-Xing; Keitel, Christoph H; Harman, Zoltįn

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Tapered plasma channels to phase-lock accelerating and focusing forces in laser-plasma accelerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

elds in laser plasma accelerators using higher order modes”,collider, in Advanced Accelerator Concepts, edited by C. B.forces in laser-plasma accelerators W. Rittershofer, 1, a)

Rittershofer, W.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Staging Laser Plasma Accelerators for Increased Beam Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Staging Laser Plasma Accelerators for Increased Beam Energy D. Panasenko, A. J. Shu, C. B., Berkeley, California 94720, USA Abstract. Staging laser plasma accelerators is an efficient way of mitigating laser pump depletion in laser driven accelerators and necessary for reaching high energies

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

32

DEVELOPMENT OF WATER JET PLASMA MIRROR FOR STAGING OF LASER PLASMA ACCELERATORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STAGING OF LASER PLASMA ACCELERATORS ? Dmitriy Panasenko,Staging Laser Plasma Accelerators (LPAs) is necessary in4]. INTRODUCTION Laser Plasma Accelerators (LPAs) have now

Panasenko, Dmitriy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Development of high gradient laser wakefield accelerators towards nuclear detection applications at LBNL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

laser wakefield accelerators towards nuclear detectionRecent laser wakefield accelerator experiments at LBNLscaling of laser driven accelerators to GeV energies. Stable

Geddes, Cameron GR

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Polarization measurement of laser-accelerated protons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the successful use of a laser-driven few-MeV proton source to measure the differential cross section of a hadronic scattering reaction as well as on the measurement and simulation study of polarization observables of the laser-accelerated charged particle beams. These investigations were carried out with thin foil targets, illuminated by 100 TW laser pulses at the Arcturus laser facility; the polarization measurement is based on the spin dependence of hadronic proton scattering off nuclei in a Silicon target. We find proton beam polarizations consistent with zero magnitude which indicates that for these particular laser-target parameters the particle spins are not aligned by the strong magnetic fields inside the laser-generated plasmas.

Raab, Natascha; Engels, Ralf; Engin, Ilhan; Greven, Patrick; Holler, Astrid; Lehrach, Andreas; Maier, Rudolf [Institut für Kernphysik and Jülich Center for Hadron Physics, Forschungszentrum Jülich, 52425 Jülich (Germany)] [Institut für Kernphysik and Jülich Center for Hadron Physics, Forschungszentrum Jülich, 52425 Jülich (Germany); Büscher, Markus, E-mail: m.buescher@fz-juelich.de [Institut für Kernphysik and Jülich Center for Hadron Physics, Forschungszentrum Jülich, 52425 Jülich (Germany) [Institut für Kernphysik and Jülich Center for Hadron Physics, Forschungszentrum Jülich, 52425 Jülich (Germany); Peter Grünberg Institut (PGI-6), Forschungszentrum Jülich, 52425 Jülich (Germany); Institute for Laser- and Plasma Physics, Heinrich-Heine Universität Düsseldorf, Universitätsstr. 1, 40225 Düsseldorf (Germany); Cerchez, Mirela; Swantusch, Marco; Toncian, Monika; Toncian, Toma; Willi, Oswald [Institute for Laser- and Plasma Physics, Heinrich-Heine Universität Düsseldorf, Universitätsstr. 1, 40225 Düsseldorf (Germany)] [Institute for Laser- and Plasma Physics, Heinrich-Heine Universität Düsseldorf, Universitätsstr. 1, 40225 Düsseldorf (Germany); Gibbon, Paul; Karmakar, Anupam [Institute for Advanced Simulation, Jülich Supercomputing Centre, Forschungszentrum Jülich, 52425 Jülich (Germany)] [Institute for Advanced Simulation, Jülich Supercomputing Centre, Forschungszentrum Jülich, 52425 Jülich (Germany)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

35

Acceleration-field calculation for a structure-based laser-driven linear accelerator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Acceleration-field calculation for a structure-based laser-driven linear accelerator Y. C. Huanga for publication 16 April 1998 A laser-driven particle accelerator, scaled to optical wavelengths, has a feature size many orders of magnitude smaller than a radio-frequency accelerator. However, similar to a radio

Byer, Robert L.

36

Physics of Laser-driven plasma-based acceleration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The physics of plasma-based accelerators driven by short-pulse lasers is reviewed. This includes the laser wake-field accelerator, the plasma beat wave accelerator, the self-modulated laser wake-field accelerator, and plasma waves driven by multiple laser pulses. The properties of linear and nonlinear plasma waves are discussed, as well as electron acceleration in plasma waves. Methods for injecting and trapping plasma electrons in plasma waves are also discussed. Limits to the electron energy gain are summarized, including laser pulse direction, electron dephasing, laser pulse energy depletion, as well as beam loading limitations. The basic physics of laser pulse evolution in underdense plasmas is also reviewed. This includes the propagation, self-focusing, and guiding of laser pulses in uniform plasmas and plasmas with preformed density channels. Instabilities relevant to intense short-pulse laser-plasma interactions, such as Raman, self-modulation, and hose instabilities, are discussed. Recent experimental results are summarized.

Esarey, Eric; Schroeder, Carl B.

2003-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

37

Laser-Plasma Acceleration of Electrons and Plasma Diagnostics at High Laser Fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

would open the prospect of building x-ray free-electron lasers and linear colliders hundreds of timesLaser-Plasma Acceleration of Electrons and Plasma Diagnostics at High Laser Fields Mike Downer: Laser-plasma acceleration is now entering an era of petawatt lasers, tenuous plasmas and multi

Shvets, Gennady

38

Control of Laser Plasma Based Accelerators up to 1 GeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Based Accelerators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11Guided Laser Wake?eld Accelerator . 76 Low Power Guidingusing laser wake?eld accelerators. Phys. Plasmas, 8(5):2510–

Nakamura, Kei

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Broadband Single-Shot Electron Spectrometer for GeV-Class Laser Plasma Based Accelerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the 2007 Particle Accelerator Conference, p. 2978,Class Laser Plasma Based Accelerators K. Nakamura, ? W. Wan,Laser-plasma-based accelerators can provide electrons over a

Nakamura, K.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Direct laser acceleration of electrons in free-space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Compact laser-driven accelerators are versatile and powerful tools of unarguable relevance on societal grounds for the diverse purposes of science, health, security, and technology because they bring enormous practicality to state-of-the-art achievements of conventional radio-frequency accelerators. Current benchmarking laser-based technologies rely on a medium to assist the light-matter interaction, which impose material limitations or strongly inhomogeneous fields. The advent of few cycle ultra-intense radially polarized lasers has materialized an extensively studied novel accelerator that adopts the simplest form of laser acceleration and is unique in requiring no medium to achieve strong longitudinal energy transfer directly from laser to particle. Here we present the first observation of direct longitudinal laser acceleration of non-relativistic electrons that undergo highly-directional multi-GeV/m accelerating gradients. This demonstration opens a new frontier for direct laser-driven particle accelerati...

Carbajo, Sergio; Wong, Liang Jie; Miller, R J Dwayne; Kärtner, Franz X

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "laser accelerator bella" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Summary Report of Working Group 6: Laser-Plasma Acceleration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A summary is given of presentations and discussions in theLaser-Plasma Acceleration Working Group at the 2006 Advanced AcceleratorConcepts Workshop. Presentation highlights include: widespreadobservation of quasi-monoenergetic electrons; good agreement betweenmeasured and simulated beam properties; the first demonstration oflaser-plasma acceleration up to 1 GeV; single-shot visualization of laserwakefield structure; new methods for measuring<100 fs electronbunches; and new methods for "machining" laser-plasma acceleratorstructures. Discussion of future direction includes: developing a roadmapfor laser-plasma acceleration beyond 1 GeV; a debate over injection andguiding; benchmarking simulations with improved wake diagnostics;petawatt laser technology for future laser-plasmaaccelerators.

Leemans, Wim P.; Downer, Michael; Siders, Craig

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Characterisation of electron beams from laser-driven particle accelerators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development, understanding and application of laser-driven particle accelerators require accurate measurements of the beam properties, in particular emittance, energy spread and bunch length. Here we report measurements and simulations showing that laser wakefield accelerators can produce beams of quality comparable to conventional linear accelerators.

Brunetti, E.; Manahan, G. G.; Shanks, R. P.; Islam, M. R.; Ersfeld, B.; Anania, M. P.; Cipiccia, S.; Issac, R. C.; Vieux, G.; Welsh, G. H.; Wiggins, S. M.; Jaroszynski, D. A. [Physics Department, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 0NG (United Kingdom)

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

43

Laser induced electron acceleration in vacuum K. P. Singha)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laser induced electron acceleration in vacuum K. P. Singha) Department of Physics, Indian Institute acceleration by a plane polarized laser wave has been studied in vacuum. Relativistic equations of motion have been solved exactly for electron trajectory and energy as a function of laser intensity, phase

Singh, Kunwar Pal

44

LASER ACCELERATION IN VACUUM J.L. Hsu, T. Katsouleas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LASER ACCELERATION IN VACUUM J.L. Hsu, T. Katsouleas University of Southern California, Los Angeles electric fields of high-brightness lasers (e.g., up to order TV/cm) to accelerate particles. Unfortunately, as is well known, it is difficult to couple the vacuum field of the laser to particles so as to achieve a net

Wurtele, Jonathan

45

Chirped pulse inverse free-electron laser vacuum accelerator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A chirped pulse inverse free-electron laser (IFEL) vacuum accelerator for high gradient laser acceleration in vacuum. By the use of an ultrashort (femtosecond), ultrahigh intensity chirped laser pulse both the IFEL interaction bandwidth and accelerating gradient are increased, thus yielding large gains in a compact system. In addition, the IFEL resonance condition can be maintained throughout the interaction region by using a chirped drive laser wave. In addition, diffraction can be alleviated by taking advantage of the laser optical bandwidth with negative dispersion focusing optics to produce a chromatic line focus. The combination of these features results in a compact, efficient vacuum laser accelerator which finds many applications including high energy physics, compact table-top laser accelerator for medical imaging and therapy, material science, and basic physics.

Hartemann, Frederic V. (Dublin, CA); Baldis, Hector A. (Pleasanton, CA); Landahl, Eric C. (Walnut Creek, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

PARAMETER OPTIMIZATIONS FOR VACUUM LASER ACCELERATION AT ATF...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

PARAMETER OPTIMIZATIONS FOR VACUUM LASER ACCELERATION AT ATFBNL * V. Yakimenko , M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, K. Kusche, I. Pogorelsky, X. Wang Brookhaven National Laboratory ,...

47

Summary Report of Working Group 6: Laser-Plasma Acceleration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be an important focus of laser-plasma acceleration researchfocus. In both cases, light regions of the image ionized and heated the plasma,

Leemans, Wim P.; Downer, Michael; Siders, Craig

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Bella Energy formely Sun Electric Systems | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy formely Sun Electric Systems Energy formely Sun Electric Systems Jump to: navigation, search Name Bella Energy (formely Sun Electric Systems) Place Lafayette, Colorado Zip 80026 Sector Solar Product Solar electric company which offers residential and commercial solar power to customers in Colorado both on and off the grid. References Bella Energy (formely Sun Electric Systems)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Bella Energy (formely Sun Electric Systems) is a company located in Lafayette, Colorado . References ā†‘ "Bella Energy (formely Sun Electric Systems)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Bella_Energy_formely_Sun_Electric_Systems&oldid=342665

49

Laser-driven plasma-based accelerators: Wakefield excitation, channel guiding, and laser triggered particle injection*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laser-driven plasma-based accelerators: Wakefield excitation, channel guiding, and laser triggered; accepted 18 February 1998 Plasma-based accelerators are discussed in which high-power short pulse lasers are the power source, suitably tailored plasma structures provide guiding of the laser beam and support large

Wurtele, Jonathan

50

Laser-Accelerated Protons with Energy-Dependent Beam Direction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The spatial distribution of protons, accelerated by intense femtosecond laser pulses interacting with thin target foils under oblique irradiation are investigated. Under certain conditions, the proton beams are directed away from the target normal. This deviation is towards the laser forward direction, with an angle that increases with the level and duration of the amplified spontaneous emission pedestal before the main laser pulse. In addition, for a given laser pulse, this beam deviation increases with proton energy. The observations are discussed in terms of different electron acceleration mechanisms and target normal sheath acceleration, in combination with a laser-controllable shock wave locally deforming the target rear surface.

F. Lindau; O. Lundh; A. Persson; P. McKenna; K. Osvay; D. Batani; C.-G. Wahlström

2005-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

51

Accelerator Research Department BAccelerator Research Department B E163: Laser Acceleration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Accelerator Research Department BAccelerator Research Department B E163: Laser Acceleration, D. R. Walz Stanford Linear Accelerator Center R. L. Byer, T. Plettner Stanford University * Spokesman. #12;2 Accelerator Research Department B Outline Ā· Introduction Ā­Ā­ Future requirements for high

Wechsler, Risa H.

52

Silicon buried gratings for dielectric laser electron accelerators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes design and simulations of dielectric laser electron accelerators that achieve Gigavolt-per-meter (GV/m) accelerating gradients and wide electron channels (>1??m). The accelerator design is based on a silicon buried grating structure that enables flexible phase synchronization, large electron channel fields, and low standing-wave ratio in the material. This design increases the accelerating gradients to more than double those of reported quartz grating accelerators, thereby reducing the input laser fluence by 60% for the same accelerating gradient. With a 100 fs pulsed laser, our silicon buried gratings can achieve a maximum gradient of 1.1 GV/m, indicating that these accelerators have potential for numerous electron-accelerator applications.

Chang, Chia-Ming, E-mail: cachang@alumni.stanford.edu [Bell Labs, Alcatel-Lucent, 791 Holmdel Road, Holmdel, New Jersey 07733 (United States); Solgaard, Olav [E. L. Ginzton Lab., Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States)

2014-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

53

Radiation protection issues for laser-based accelerators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......of the laser-based accelerator. THE FLAME PROJECT...high brightness LINAC accelerator of the LNF-Sparc project...aim of an efficient accelerator shielding design is...charged particles, ions, nuclear fragments and delayed...a thin walls of the vacuum chamber at a small angle......

Adolfo Esposito

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Modeling Laser Wakefield Accelerators in a Lorentz Boosted Frame  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Modeling Laser Modeling Laser Wakefield Accelerators in a Lorentz Boosted Frame Modeling Laser Wakefield Accelerators in a Lorentz Boosted Frame VayBoost.gif An image showing the "boosted frame," in which the observer moves at near light speed. The laser pulse is represented in blue and red; the wakefields are colored pale blue and yellow. In this frame, the plasma (yellow box) has contracted and the wavefronts are fewer and farther apart, resulting in far fewer calculations and faster results. Why it Matters: Laser driven plasma waves can produce accelerating gradients orders of magnitude greater than standard accelerating structures. High quality electron beams of energy up to 1 GeV have been produced in just a few centimeters and 10-GeV stages being planned as

55

Accelerator and Fusion Research Division  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Outreach and Diversity Highlights Safety Other Sites and Labs Intramural Outreach and Diversity Highlights Safety Other Sites and Labs Intramural Historical photo of Laboratory founder and cyclotron inventor Ernest Orlando Lawrence at his desk OUR SCIENTIFIC PROGRAMS Accelerator Physics for the ALS Center for Beam Physics LOASIS Laboratory Fusion Science and Ion Beam Technology Superconducting Magnets Free Electron Laser R&D News: AFRD's Jean-Luc Vay and former AFRD scientist Kwang-Je Kim share the US Particle Accelerator School Prize. Andre Anders places two articles among the year's top 30 in the Journal of Applied Physics. AFRD personnel win an R&D 100 in a joint project with industry; the laser at the heart of BELLA sets a world record for laser power. Employees: Safety tips regarding the mountain lion are available. The results from our two most recent Self-Assessment Focus Groups are up, covering emergency preparedness and ergonomics while working offsite.

56

Design Considerations for Plasma Accelerators Driven by Lasers or Particle Beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

collider," in Advanced Accelerator Concepts, edited by C .Considerations for Plasma Accelerators Driven by Lasers orUSA Abstract. Plasma accelerators may be driven by the

Schroeder, C. B.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

A multi-beam, multi-terawatt Ti:sapphire laser system for laser wake-field acceleration studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ā­plasma interaction studies, such as development of laser wake-field accelerators [1-4], X-ray lasers, and laserA multi-beam, multi-terawatt Ti:sapphire laser system for laser wake-field acceleration studies 71R0259, 1 Cyclotron Rd., Berkeley, CA 94720, USA, e-mail: ctoth@lbl.gov Abstract. The Lasers

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

58

STELLA-II Experiment Update on Monoenergetic Laser Acceleration  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

STELLA-II Experiment Update on Monoenergetic Laser Acceleration ATF Users' Meeting Jan. 31, 2002 Karl P. Kusche Work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Grant Nos....

59

Laser and Particle Guiding Micro-Elements for Particle Accelerators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Laser driven particle accelerators require sub-micron control of the laser field as well as precise electron-beam guiding so fabrication techniques that allow integrating both elements into an accelerator-on-chip format become critical for the success of such next generation machines. Micromachining technology for silicon has been shown to be one such feasible technology in PAC2003[1] but with a variety of complications on the laser side. However, fabrication of transparent ceramics has become an interesting technology that could be applied for laser-particle accelerators in several ways. We discuss the advantages such as the range of materials available and ways to implement them followed by some different test examples we been considered. One important goal is an integrated system that avoids having to inject either laser or particle pulses into these structures.

Plettner, T.; Gaume, R.; Wisdom, J.; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Spencer, J.; /SLAC

2005-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

60

Wavefront-sensor-based electron density measurements for laser-plasma accelerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for laser-plasma accelerators G. R. Plateau, ? N. H. Matlis,driven plasma-wake?eld accelerator depends on the plasmaof the laser-plasma accelerator. It is shown that direct

Plateau, Guillaume

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "laser accelerator bella" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Testing General Relativity With Laser Accelerated Electron Beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electron accelerations of the order of $10^{21} g$ obtained by laser fields open up the possibility of experimentally testing one of the cornerstones of general relativity, the weak equivalence principle, which states that the local effects of a gravitational field are indistinguishable from those sensed by a properly accelerated observer in flat space-time. We illustrate how this can be done by solving the Einstein equations in vacuum and integrating the geodesic equations of motion for a uniformly accelerated particle.

L. Į. Gergely; T. Harko

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

62

Testing general relativity with laser accelerated electron beams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electron accelerations of the order of 10{sup 21} g obtained by laser fields open up the possibility of experimentally testing one of the cornerstones of general relativity, the weak equivalence principle, which states that the local effects of a gravitational field are indistinguishable from those sensed by a properly accelerated observer in flat space-time. We illustrate how this can be done by solving the Einstein equations in vacuum and integrating the geodesic equations of motion for a uniformly accelerated particle.

Gergely, L. A.; Harko, T. [Department of Theoretical Physics, University of Szeged, Szeged 6720, Tisza L. krt. 84, Hungary and Department of Experimental Physics, University of Szeged, 6720 Szeged, Dom ter 9 (Hungary); Department of Physics and Center for Theoretical and Computational Physics, University of Hong Kong, Pok Fu Lam Road (Hong Kong)

2012-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

63

Effect of the laser wavefront in a laser-plasma accelerator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A high repetition rate electron source was generated by tightly focusing kHz, few-mJ laser pulses into an underdense plasma. This high intensity laser-plasma interaction led to stable electron beams over several hours but with strikingly complex transverse distributions even for good quality laser focal spots. Analysis of the experimental data, along with results of PIC simulations demonstrate the role of the laser wavefront on the acceleration of electrons. Distortions of the laser wavefront cause spatial inhomogeneities in the out-of-focus laser distribution and consequently, the laser pulse drives an inhomogenous transverse wakefield whose focusing/defocusing properties affect the electron distribution. These findings explain the experimental results and suggest the possibility of controlling the electron spatial distribution in laser-plasma accelerators by tailoring the laser wavefront.

Beaurepaire, B; Bocoum, M; Böhle, F; Jullien, A; Rousseau, J-P; Lefrou, T; Douillet, D; Iaquaniello, G; Lopez-Martens, R; Lifschitz, A; Faure, J

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Desired Improvements in Laser-Plasma Accelerators  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Wei Gai, John Power What's wrong with far field, or What do nano- lithography and accelerators have in common? r << r >> *Impossibility of linear in electric field...

65

Desired Improvements in Laser-Plasma Accelerators  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

experiment: one CO2-driven SWABSiC prebunches the beam, the other one diagnoses Laser and Beam Damage: Dielectrics vs. Metals vs. Semiconductors From Du and Byer (1999)....

66

Vacuum electron acceleration by using two variable frequency laser pulses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method is proposed for producing a relativistic electron bunch in vacuum via direct acceleration by using two frequency-chirped laser pulses. We consider the linearly polarized frequency-chiped Hermit-Gaussian 0, 0 mode lasers with linear chirp in which the local frequency varies linearly in time and space. Electron motion is investigated through a numerical simulation using a three-dimensional particle trajectory code in which the relativistic Newton's equations of motion with corresponding Lorentz force are solved. Two oblique laser pulses with proper chirp parameters and propagation angles are used for the electron acceleration along the z-axis. In this way, an electron initially at rest located at the origin could achieve high energy, ?=319 with the scattering angle of 1.02{sup ?} with respect to the z-axis. Moreover, the acceleration of an electron in different initial positions on each coordinate axis is investigated. It was found that this mechanism has the capability of producing high energy electron microbunches with low scattering angles. The energy gain of an electron initially located at some regions on each axis could be greatly enhanced compared to the single pulse acceleration. Furthermore, the scattering angle will be lowered compared to the acceleration by using laser pulses propagating along the z-axis.

Saberi, H.; Maraghechi, B. [Department of Physics, Amirkabir University of Technology, 15875-4413 Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [Department of Physics, Amirkabir University of Technology, 15875-4413 Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

67

Investigation of laser-driven proton acceleration using ultra-short, ultra-intense laser pulses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report optimization of laser-driven proton acceleration, for a range of experimental parameters available from a single ultrafast Ti:sapphire laser system. We have characterized laser-generated protons produced at the rear and front target surfaces of thin solid targets (15 nm to 90 {mu}m thicknesses) irradiated with an ultra-intense laser pulse (up to 10{sup 20} W Dot-Operator cm{sup -2}, pulse duration 30 to 500 fs, and pulse energy 0.1 to 1.8 J). We find an almost symmetric behaviour for protons accelerated from rear and front sides, and a linear scaling of proton energy cut-off with increasing pulse energy. At constant laser intensity, we observe that the proton cut-off energy increases with increasing laser pulse duration, then roughly constant for pulses longer than 300 fs. Finally, we demonstrate that there is an optimum target thickness and pulse duration.

Fourmaux, S.; Gnedyuk, S.; Lassonde, P.; Payeur, S.; Pepin, H.; Kieffer, J. C. [INRS-EMT, Universite du Quebec, 1650 Lionel Boulet, Varennes, Quebec J3X 1S2 (Canada); Buffechoux, S.; Albertazzi, B. [INRS-EMT, Universite du Quebec, 1650 Lionel Boulet, Varennes, Quebec J3X 1S2 (Canada); LULI, UMR 7605, CNRS - CEA - Universite Paris 6 - Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau (France); Capelli, D.; Antici, P. [LULI, UMR 7605, CNRS - CEA - Universite Paris 6 - Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau (France); Dipartimento SBAI, Sapienza, Universita di Roma, Via Scarpa 16, 00161 Roma (Italy); Levy, A.; Fuchs, J. [LULI, UMR 7605, CNRS - CEA - Universite Paris 6 - Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau (France); Lecherbourg, L.; Marjoribanks, R. S. [Department of Physics and Institute for Optical Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A7 (Canada)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

68

Selective Deuterium Ion Acceleration Using the Vulcan PW Laser  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on the successful demonstration of selective acceleration of deuterium ions by target-normal sheath acceleration (TNSA) with a high-energy petawatt laser. TNSA typically produces a multi-species ion beam that originates from the intrinsic hydrocarbon and water vapor contaminants on the target surface. Using the method first developed by Morrison, et al., \\cite{Morrison:POP2012} an ion beam with $>$99$\\%$ deuterium ions and peak energy 28 MeV is produced with a 200 J, 700fs, $>10^{20} W/cm^{2}$ laser pulse by cryogenically freezing heavy water (D$_{2}$O) vapor onto the rear surface of the target prior to the shot. The estimated total yield of deuterium ions in an assumed 10$^{\\circ}$ half-angle cone was 3.0 $\\mu$C (1.9 $\\times 10^{13}$ ions) with 6.6$\\%$ laser-to-deuterium ion energy conversion efficiency.

Krygier, AG; Kar, S; Ahmed, H; Alejo, A; Clarke, R; Fuchs, J; Green, A; Jung, D; Kleinschmidt, A; Najmudin, Z; Nakamura, H; Norreys, P; Notley, M; Oliver, M; Roth, M; Vassura, L; Zepf, M; Borghesi, M; Freeman, RR

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Inverse free electron laser accelerator for advanced light sources  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

We discuss the inverse free electron laser (IFEL) scheme as a compact high gradient accelerator solution for driving advanced light sources such as a soft x-ray free electron laser amplifier or an inverse Compton scattering based gamma-ray source. In particular, we present a series of new developments aimed at improving the design of future IFEL accelerators. These include a new procedure to optimize the choice of the undulator tapering, a new concept for prebunching which greatly improves the fraction of trapped particles and the final energy spread, and a self-consistent study of beam loading effects which leads to an energy-efficient high laser-to-beam power conversion.

Duris, J. P.; Musumeci, P.; Li, R. K.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

CONSTRAINTS ON LASER-DRIVEN ACCELERATORS FOR A HIGH-ENERGY LINEAR COLLIDER*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONSTRAINTS ON LASER-DRIVEN ACCELERATORS FOR A HIGH-ENERGY LINEAR COLLIDER* J.S. Wurtele and AV on 1 TeV) are applied to free-space laser and laser/plasma accelerators. It is shown that the requirements impose very severe constraints upon the new accelerators-- so severe, that it seems unlikely

Wurtele, Jonathan

71

Design Considerations for Plasma Accelerators Driven by Lasers or Particle Beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design Considerations for Plasma Accelerators Driven by Lasers or Particle Beams C. B. Schroeder, E of an intense laser or the space-charge force of a charged particle beam. The implications for accelerator design and the different physical mechanisms of laser-driven and beam-driven plasma acceleration

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

72

Advances in laser driven accelerator R&D  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Current activities (last few years) at different laboratories, towards the development of a laser wakefield accelerator (LWFA) are reviewed, followed by a more in depth discussion of results obtained at the L'OASIS laboratory of LBNL. Recent results on laser guiding of relativistically intense beams in preformed plasma channels are discussed. The observation of mono-energetic beams in the 100 MeV energy range, produced by a channel guided LWFA at LBNL, is described and compared to results obtained in the unguided case at LOA, RAL and LBNL. Analysis, aided by particle-in-cell simulations, as well as experiments with various plasma lengths and densities, indicate that tailoring the length of the accelerator has a very beneficial impact on the electron energy distribution. Progress on laser triggered injection is reviewed. Results are presented on measurements of bunch duration and emittance of the accelerated electron beams, that indicate the possibility of generating femtosecond duration electron bunches. Future challenges and plans towards the development of a 1 GeV LWFA module are discussed.

Leemans, Wim

2004-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

73

Improved ion acceleration via laser surface plasma waves excitation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The possibility of enhancing the emission of the ions accelerated in the interaction of a high intensity ultra-short (<100 fs) laser pulse with a thin target (<10?{sub 0}), via surface plasma wave excitation is investigated. Two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations are performed for laser intensities ranging from 10{sup 19} to 10{sup 20} Wcm{sup ?2}?m{sup 2}. The surface wave is resonantly excited by the laser via the coupling with a modulation at the target surface. In the cases where the surface wave is excited, we find an enhancement of the maximum ion energy of a factor ?2 compared to the cases where the target surface is flat.

Bigongiari, A. [CEA/DSM/LSI, CNRS, Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau Cedex (France) [CEA/DSM/LSI, CNRS, Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau Cedex (France); TIPS/LULI, Université Paris 6, CNRS, CEA, Ecole Polytechnique, 3, rue Galilée, 94200 Ivry-sur-Seine (France); Raynaud, M. [CEA/DSM/LSI, CNRS, Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau Cedex (France)] [CEA/DSM/LSI, CNRS, Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau Cedex (France); Riconda, C. [TIPS/LULI, Université Paris 6, CNRS, CEA, Ecole Polytechnique, 3, rue Galilée, 94200 Ivry-sur-Seine (France)] [TIPS/LULI, Université Paris 6, CNRS, CEA, Ecole Polytechnique, 3, rue Galilée, 94200 Ivry-sur-Seine (France); Héron, A. [CPHT, CNRS, Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau Cedex (France)] [CPHT, CNRS, Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau Cedex (France)

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

74

Toward laser ablation Accelerator Mass Spectrometry of actinides  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A project to measure neutron capture cross sections of a number of actinides in a reactor environment by Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS) at the ATLAS facility of Argonne National Laboratory is underway. This project will require the precise and accurate measurement of produced actinide isotopes in many (>30) samples irradiated in the Advanced Test Reactor at Idaho National Laboratory with neutron fluxes having different energy distributions. The AMS technique at ATLAS is based on production of highlycharged positive ions in an electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) ion source followed by acceleration in the ATLAS linac and mass-to-charge (m/q) measurement at the focus of the Fragment Mass Analyzer. Laser ablation was selected as the method of feeding the actinide material into the ion source because we expect it will have higher efficiency and lower chamber contamination than either the oven or sputtering techniques, because of a much narrower angular distribution of emitted material. In addition, a new multi-sample holder/changer to allow quick change between samples and a computer-controlled routine allowing fast tuning of the accelerator for different beams, are being developed. An initial test run studying backgrounds, detector response, and accelerator scaling repeatability was conducted in December 2010. The project design, schedule, and results of the initial test run to study backgrounds are discussed.

R. C. Pardo; F. G. Kondev; S. Kondrashev; C. Nair; T. Palchan; R. Scott; D. Seweryniak; R. Vondrasek; M. Paul; P. Collon; C. Deibel; M. Salvatores; G. Palmiotti; J. Berg; J. Fonnesbeck; G. Imel

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

UNDULATOR-BASED LASER WAKEFIELD ACCELERATOR ELECTRON BEAM DIAGNOSTIC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

to couple the THUNDER undulator to the LOASIS Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) laser wakefield accelerator (LWFA). Currently the LWFA has achieved quasi-monoenergetic electron beams with energies up to 1 GeV. These ultra-short, high-peak-current, electron beams are ideal for driving a compact XUV free electron laser (FEL). Understanding the electron beam properties such as the energy spread and emittance is critical for achieving high quality light sources with high brightness. By using an insertion device such as an undulator and observing changes in the spontaneous emission spectrum, the electron beam energy spread and emittance can be measured with high precision. The initial experiments will use spontaneous emission from 1.5 m of undulator. Later experiments will use up to 5 m of undulator with a goal of a high gain, XUV FEL.

Bakeman, M.S.; Fawley, W.M.; Leemans, W. P.; Nakamura, K.; Robinson, K.E.; Schroeder, C.B.; Toth, C.

2009-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

76

Ion acceleration from laser-driven electrostatic shocks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Multi-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations are used to study the generation of electrostatic shocks in plasma and the reflection of background ions to produce high-quality and high-energy ion beams. Electrostatic shocks are driven by the interaction of two plasmas with different density and/or relative drift velocity. The energy and number of ions reflected by the shock increase with increasing density ratio and relative drift velocity between the two interacting plasmas. It is shown that the interaction of intense lasers with tailored near-critical density plasmas allows for the efficient heating of the plasma electrons and steepening of the plasma profile at the critical density interface, leading to the generation of high-velocity shock structures and high-energy ion beams. Our results indicate that high-quality 200 MeV shock-accelerated ion beams required for medical applications may be obtained with current laser systems.

Fiuza, F.; Stockem, A.; Boella, E.; Fonseca, R. A.; Silva, L. O. [GoLP—Instituto de Plasmas e Fusćo Nuclear—Laboratório Associado, Instituto Superior Técnico, 1049-001 Lisbon (Portugal)] [GoLP—Instituto de Plasmas e Fusćo Nuclear—Laboratório Associado, Instituto Superior Técnico, 1049-001 Lisbon (Portugal); Haberberger, D.; Tochitsky, S.; Mori, W. B.; Joshi, C. [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States)] [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States)

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

77

Ultrahigh-intensity optical slow-wave structure for direct laser electron acceleration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WAVEGUIDE Ultraintense laserĀ­plasma interaction applications in- cluding x-ray lasers, coherentUltrahigh-intensity optical slow-wave structure for direct laser electron acceleration Andrew G of corrugated slow-wave plasma guiding structures with application to quasi- phase-matched direct laser

Milchberg, Howard

78

Physics of laser-driven plasma-based electron accelerators E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, and W. P. Leemans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Physics of laser-driven plasma-based electron accelerators E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, and W. P Laser-driven plasma-based accelerators, which are capable of supporting fields in excess of 100 GV/m, are reviewed. This includes the laser wakefield accelerator, the plasma beat wave accelerator, the self

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

79

Theory of ionization-induced trapping in laser-plasma accelerators M. Chen, E. Esarey,a)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Theory of ionization-induced trapping in laser-plasma accelerators M. Chen, E. Esarey,a) C. B) Ionization injection in a laser-plasma accelerator is studied analytically and by multi-dimensional particle acceleration. For a broad laser pulse, ionization injection requires a minimum normalized laser field of a0 ' 1

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

80

Acceleration of electrons using an inverse free electron laser auto- accelerator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present data from our study of a device known as the inverse free electron laser. First, numerical simulations were performed to optimize the design parameters for an experiment that accelerates electrons in the presence of an undulator by stimulated absorption of radiation. The Columbia free electron laser (FEL) was configured as an auto-accelerator (IFELA) system; high power (MW's) FEL radiation at {approximately}1.65 mm is developed along the first section of an undulator inside a quasi-optical resonator. The electron beam then traverses a second section of undulator where a fraction of the electrons is accelerated by stimulated absorption of the 1.65 mm wavelength power developed in the first undulator section. The second undulator section has very low gain and does not generate power on its own. We have found that as much as 60% of the power generated in the first section can be absorbed in the second section, providing that the initial electron energy is chosen correctly with respect to the parameters chosen for the first and second undulators. An electron momentum spectrometer is used to monitor the distribution of electron energies as the electrons exit the IFELA. We have found; using our experimental parameters, that roughly 10% of the electrons are accelerated to energies as high as 1100 keV, in accordance with predictions from the numerical model. The appearance of high energy electrons is correlated with the abrupt absorption of millimeter power. The autoaccelerator configuration is used because there is no intense source of coherent power at the 1.65 mm design wavelength other than the FEL.

Wernick, I.K.; Marshall, T.C.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "laser accelerator bella" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Acceleration of electrons using an inverse free electron laser auto- accelerator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present data from our study of a device known as the inverse free electron laser. First, numerical simulations were performed to optimize the design parameters for an experiment that accelerates electrons in the presence of an undulator by stimulated absorption of radiation. The Columbia free electron laser (FEL) was configured as an auto-accelerator (IFELA) system; high power (MW`s) FEL radiation at {approximately}1.65 mm is developed along the first section of an undulator inside a quasi-optical resonator. The electron beam then traverses a second section of undulator where a fraction of the electrons is accelerated by stimulated absorption of the 1.65 mm wavelength power developed in the first undulator section. The second undulator section has very low gain and does not generate power on its own. We have found that as much as 60% of the power generated in the first section can be absorbed in the second section, providing that the initial electron energy is chosen correctly with respect to the parameters chosen for the first and second undulators. An electron momentum spectrometer is used to monitor the distribution of electron energies as the electrons exit the IFELA. We have found; using our experimental parameters, that roughly 10% of the electrons are accelerated to energies as high as 1100 keV, in accordance with predictions from the numerical model. The appearance of high energy electrons is correlated with the abrupt absorption of millimeter power. The autoaccelerator configuration is used because there is no intense source of coherent power at the 1.65 mm design wavelength other than the FEL.

Wernick, I.K.; Marshall, T.C.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Electron acceleration by a self-diverging intense laser pulse K. P. Singh,1,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electron acceleration by a self-diverging intense laser pulse K. P. Singh,1, * D. N. Gupta,1 V. K, India 2 Department of Electronic Science, University of Delhi, New Delhi-110021, India (Received 23 October 2003; published 28 April 2004) Electron acceleration by a laser pulse having a Gaussian radial

Singh, Kunwar Pal

83

Submillimeter-resolution radiography of shielded structures with laser-accelerated electron beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Submillimeter-resolution radiography of shielded structures with laser-accelerated electron beams (Received 24 March 2010; published 14 October 2010) We investigate the use of energetic electron beams beam (with energy >100 MeV) was generated by the process of laser-wakefield acceleration through

Umstadter, Donald

84

Supra-bubble regime for laser acceleration of cold electron beams in tenuous plasma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Supra-bubble regime for laser acceleration of cold electron beams in tenuous plasma V. I. Geyko,1 I 2010 Relativistic electrons can be accelerated by an ultraintense laser pulse in the "supra-bubble" regime, that is, in the blow-out regime ahead of the plasma bubble as opposed to the conventional method

85

High-intensity laser-driven proton acceleration: influence of pulse contrast  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...inset of figure 3. CR-39 nuclear track detector, which is...pump down cycle of the target vacuum chamber. The proton stopping...hadrontherapy with laser ion accelerators. Phys. Lett. A. 299...laser virtual-cathode plasma accelerator. Phys. Rev. Lett. 92...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Fusion reactions initiated by laser-accelerated particle beams in a laser-produced plasma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The advent of high-intensity pulsed laser technology enables the generation of extreme states of matter under conditions that are far from thermal equilibrium. This in turn could enable different approaches to generating energy from nuclear fusion. Relaxing the equilibrium requirement could widen the range of isotopes used in fusion fuels permitting cleaner and less hazardous reactions that do not produce high energy neutrons. Here we propose and implement a means to drive fusion reactions between protons and boron-11 nuclei, by colliding a laser-accelerated proton beam with a laser-generated boron plasma. We report proton-boron reaction rates that are orders of magnitude higher than those reported previously. Beyond fusion, our approach demonstrates a new means for exploring low-energy nuclear reactions such as those that occur in astrophysical plasmas and related environments.

Labaune, C; Depierreux, S; Goyon, C; Loisel, G; Yahia, V; Rafelski, J

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

#LabChat: Particle Accelerators, Lasers and Discovery Science, May 17 at  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Particle Accelerators, Lasers and Discovery Science, May Particle Accelerators, Lasers and Discovery Science, May 17 at 1pm EST #LabChat: Particle Accelerators, Lasers and Discovery Science, May 17 at 1pm EST May 15, 2012 - 2:03pm Addthis SLACĆ¢Ā€Ā™s linac accelerates very short pulses of electrons to 99.9999999 percent the speed of light through a slalom that causes the electrons to emit X-rays, which become synchronized as they interact with the electron pulses and create the worldĆ¢Ā€Ā™s brightest X-ray laser pulse. | Photo by Brad Plummer, SLAC. SLAC's linac accelerates very short pulses of electrons to 99.9999999 percent the speed of light through a slalom that causes the electrons to emit X-rays, which become synchronized as they interact with the electron pulses and create the world's brightest X-ray laser pulse. | Photo by

88

A monolithic relativistic electron beam source based on a dielectric laser accelerator structure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Work towards a monolithic device capable of producing relativistic particle beams within a cubic-centimeter is detailed. We will discuss the Micro-Accelerator Platform (MAP), an optical laser powered dielectric accelerator as the main building block of this chip-scale source along with a field enhanced emitter and a region for sub-relativistic acceleration.

McNeur, Josh; Carranza, Nestor; Travish, Gil; Yin Hairong; Yoder, Rodney [UCLA Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); College of Physical Electronics, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, Sichuan, 610054 (China); Manhattanville College, Physics Dept., 2900 Purchase St., Purchase, NY 10577 (United States)

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

89

Effect of polarization and focusing on laser pulse driven auto-resonant particle acceleration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of laser polarization and focusing is theoretically studied on the final energy gain of a particle in the Auto-resonant acceleration scheme using a finite duration laser pulse with Gaussian shaped temporal envelope. The exact expressions for dynamical variables viz. position, momentum, and energy are obtained by analytically solving the relativistic equation of motion describing particle dynamics in the combined field of an elliptically polarized finite duration pulse and homogeneous static axial magnetic field. From the solutions, it is shown that for a given set of laser parameters viz. intensity and pulse length along with static magnetic field, the energy gain by a positively charged particle is maximum for a right circularly polarized laser pulse. Further, a new scheme is proposed for particle acceleration by subjecting it to the combined field of a focused finite duration laser pulse and static axial magnetic field. In this scheme, the particle is initially accelerated by the focused laser field, which drives the non-resonant particle to second stage of acceleration by cyclotron Auto-resonance. The new scheme is found to be efficient over two individual schemes, i.e., auto-resonant acceleration and direct acceleration by focused laser field, as significant particle acceleration can be achieved at one order lesser values of static axial magnetic field and laser intensity.

Sagar, Vikram; Sengupta, Sudip; Kaw, Predhiman [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar-382428 (India)] [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar-382428 (India)

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

90

Spectroscopy of betatron radiation emitted from laser-produced wakefield accelerated electronsa...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

laser facilities in which the nature divergence and total x-ray flux of the betatron radiation has been is able to discern changes of the betatron emission x-ray spec- trum with differing laser parametersSpectroscopy of betatron radiation emitted from laser-produced wakefield accelerated electronsa

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

91

Unphysical kinetic effects in particle-in-cell modeling of laser wakefield accelerators Estelle Cormier-Michel,1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Unphysical kinetic effects in particle-in-cell modeling of laser wakefield accelerators Estelle of laser wakefield accelerators using particle-in-cell codes are investigated. A dark current free laser wakefield accelerator stage, in which no trapping of background plasma electrons into the plasma wave should

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

92

Modeling of 10 GeV-1 TeV laser-plasma accelerators using Lorentz boosted simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling of 10 GeV-1 TeV laser-plasma accelerators using Lorentz boosted simulations J.-L. Vay,1,a-plasma wakefield accelerators in an optimal frame of reference [J.-L. Vay, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 130405 (2007 of plasma accelerators to very high energies and accurately models the laser evolution and the accelerated

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

93

Status of the visible Free-Electron Laser at the Brookhaven Accelerator Test Facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 500 nm Free-Electron Laser (ATF) of the Brookhaven National Laboratory is reviewed. We present an overview of the ATF, a high-brightness, 50-MeV, electron accelerator and laser complex which is a users' facility for accelerator and beam physics. A number of laser acceleration and FEL experiments are under construction at the ATF. The visible FEL experiment is based on a novel superferric 8.8 mm period undulator. The electron beam parameters, the undulator, the optical resonator, optical and electron beam diagnostics are discussed. The operational status of the experiment is presented. 22 refs., 7 figs.

Batchelor, K.; Ben-Zvi, I.; Fernow, R.C.; Fisher, A.S.; Friedman, A.; Gallardo, J.; Ingold, G.; Kirk, H.; Kramer, S.; Lin, L.; Rogers, J.T.; Sheehan, J.F.; van Steenbergen, A.; Woodle, M.; Xie, J.; Yu, L.H.; Zhang, R. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)); Bhowmik, A. (Rockwell International Corp., Canoga Park, CA (United States). Rocketdyne Div.)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Generation of electron beams from a laser-based advanced accelerator at Shanghai Jiao Tong University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

At Shanghai Jiao Tong University, we have established a research laboratory for advanced acceleration research based on high-power lasers and plasma technologies. In a primary experiment based on the laser wakefield acceleration (LWFA) scheme, multi-hundred MeV electron beams having a reasonable quality are generated using 20-40 TW, 30 femtosecond laser pulses interacting independently with helium, neon, nitrogen and argon gas jet targets. The laser-plasma interaction conditions are optimized for stabilizing the electron beam generation from each type of gas. The electron beam pointing angle stability and divergence angle as well as the energy spectra from each gas jet are measured and compared.

Elsied, Ahmed M M; Li, Song; Mirzaie, Mohammad; Sokollik, Thomas; Zhang, Jie

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Efficient laser acceleration of proton beams for intense sources of low energy neutrinos  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The existence of highly efficient ion acceleration regimes in collective laser-plasma interactions opens up the possibility to develop high-energy-physics (HEP) facilities in conjunction with projects for inertial confined nuclear fusion (ICF) and neutron spallation sources.

Pegoraro, F. [Department of Physics, University of Pisa, Pisa (Italy); CNISM, Pisa (Italy); Bulanov, S. V.; Esirkepov, T. Zh.; Tajima, T. [Advanced Photon Research Centre, JAEA, Kizu, Kyoto (Japan); Migliozzi, P. [INFN, Sez. di Napoli, Naples (Italy); Terranova, F. [INFN, Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, Frascati (Italy)

2006-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

96

Creating a Well-focused Laser-accelerated Proton Beam as a Driver...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Proton Beam as a Driver for Proton Fast Ignition Focusing of laser accelerated proton beams advances with a novel cone target design. Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe...

97

Postacceleration Of Laser-Generated High Energy Protons Through Conventional Accelerator Linacs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The post-acceleration of laser-generated protons through conventional drift tube linear accelerators has been simulated with the particle code Parmela. The proton source is generated on the rear surface of a target irradiated by an high-intensity (10{sup 19} W{center_dot}cm{sup -2}) short-pulse (350 fs) laser and focused by a microlens that allows selecting collimated protons at 7{+-}0.1 MeV with rms unnormalized emittance of 0.180 mm.mrad. The simulations show that protons can be accelerated by one drift tube linac tank to more than 14 MeV with unnormalized emittance growth of 8 in x and 22.6 in y directions when considering a total proton charge of 0.112 mA. This result shows for the first time that coupling between laser-plasma accelerators with traditional accelerators is possible, allowing a luminosity gain for the final beam.

Fuchs, Julien; Audebert, Patrick [Laboratoire pour l'Utilisation des Lasers Intenses, UMR 7605 CNRS-CEA-Ecole Polytechnique-Universite Paris VI, Palaiseau (France); Antici, Patrizio [Laboratoire pour l'Utilisation des Lasers Intenses, UMR 7605 CNRS-CEA-Ecole Polytechnique-Universite Paris VI, Palaiseau (France); Dipartimento di Energetica, Universita di Roma 'La Sapienza', Via Scarpa 14-16, 00165 Roma (Italy); Fazi, Mauro; Migliorati, Mauro; Palumbo, Luigi [Dipartimento di Energetica, Universita di Roma 'La Sapienza', Via Scarpa 14-16, 00165 Roma (Italy); Lombardi, Augusto [ATreP via Perini 181, 38100, Trento (Italy)

2008-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

98

Electron acceleration by a circularly polarized laser pulse in a plasma K. P. Singha)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electron acceleration by a circularly polarized laser pulse in a plasma K. P. Singha) Department of electrons in an axial static field are presented. The electron rotates around the propagation direction occurs between the electrons and electric field of the laser pulse for two optimum values of the magnetic

Roy, Subrata

99

Injection and acceleration of electron bunch in a plasma wakefield produced by a chirped laser pulse  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An ultrashort laser pulse propagating in plasma can excite a nonlinear plasma wakefield which can trap and accelerate charged particles up to GeV. One-dimensional analysis of electron injection, trapping, and acceleration by different chirped pulses propagating in plasma is investigated numerically. In this paper, we inject electron bunches in front of the chirped pulses. It is indicated that periodical chirped laser pulse can trap electrons earlier than other pulses. It is shown that periodical chirped laser pulses lead to decrease the minimum momentum necessary to trap the electrons. This is due to the fact that periodical chirped laser pulses are globally much efficient than nonchirped pulses in the wakefield generation. It is found that chirped laser pulses could lead to much larger electron energy than that of nonchirped pulses. Relative energy spread has a lower value in the case of periodical chirped laser pulses.

Afhami, Saeedeh; Eslami, Esmaeil, E-mail: eeslami@iust.ac.ir [Department of Physics, Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST), Narmak, Tehran 16846-13114 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

100

Development of High-Gradient Dielectric Laser-Driven Particle Accelerator Structures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The thrust of Stanford's program is to conduct research on high-gradient dielectric accelerator structures driven with high repetition-rate, tabletop infrared lasers. The close collaboration between Stanford and SLAC (Stanford Linear Accelerator Center) is critical to the success of this project, because it provides a unique environment where prototype dielectric accelerator structures can be rapidly fabricated and tested with a relativistic electron beam.

Byer, Robert L.

2013-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "laser accelerator bella" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

2D electron density profile measurement in tokamak by laser-accelerated ion-beam probe  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new concept of Heavy Ion Beam Probe (HIBP) diagnostic has been proposed, of which the key is to replace the electrostatic accelerator of traditional HIBP by a laser-driven ion accelerator. Due to the large energy spread of ions, the laser-accelerated HIBP can measure the two-dimensional (2D) electron density profile of tokamak plasma. In a preliminary simulation, a 2D density profile was reconstructed with a spatial resolution of about 2 cm, and with the error below 15% in the core region. Diagnostics of 2D density fluctuation is also discussed.

Chen, Y. H.; Yang, X. Y.; Lin, C., E-mail: linchen0812@pku.edu.cn, E-mail: cjxiao@pku.edu.cn; Wang, X. G.; Xiao, C. J., E-mail: linchen0812@pku.edu.cn, E-mail: cjxiao@pku.edu.cn [State Key Lab of Nuclear Physics and Technology, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Wang, L. [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P. O. Box 603, Beijing 100190 (China); Xu, M. [Center for Fusion Science of Southwestern Institute of Physics, P. O. Box 432, Chengdu 610041 (China)

2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

102

Two GeV Electrons Achieved by Laser Plasma Wakefield Acceleration | U.S.  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Two GeV Electrons Achieved by Laser Plasma Wakefield Acceleration Two GeV Electrons Achieved by Laser Plasma Wakefield Acceleration High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees News & Resources Contact Information High Energy Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-25/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3624 F: (301) 903-2597 E: sc.hep@science.doe.gov More Information Ā» July 2013 Two GeV Electrons Achieved by Laser Plasma Wakefield Acceleration Scientists at University of Texas, Austin, accelerate electrons to 2 GeV in table top apparatus. Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page Click to enlarge photo. Enlarge Photo Image courtesy of Neil Fazel The inside of the University of Texas, Austin, vacuum chamber where

103

Coulomb driven energy boost of heavy ions for laser plasma acceleration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An unprecedented increase of kinetic energy of laser accelerated heavy ions is demonstrated. Ultra thin gold foils have been irradiated by an ultra short laser pulse at an intensity of $6\\times 10^{19}$ W/cm$^{2}$. Highly charged gold ions with kinetic energies up to $> 200$ MeV and a bandwidth limited energy distribution have been reached by using $1.3$ Joule laser energy on target. $1$D and $2$D Particle in Cell simulations show how a spatial dependence on the ions ionization leads to an enhancement of the accelerating electrical field. Our theoretical model considers a varying charge density along the target normal and is capable of explaining the energy boost of highly charged ions, leading to a higher efficiency in laser acceleration of heavy ions.

Braenzel, J; Platonov, K; Klingsporn, M; Ehrentraut, L; Sandner, W; Schnürer, M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Self-Guided Laser Wakefield Acceleration beyond 1 GeV Using Ionization-Induced Injection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The concepts of matched-beam, self-guided laser propagation and ionization-induced injection have been combined to accelerate electrons up to 1.45 GeV energy in a laser wakefield accelerator. From the spatial and spectral content of the laser light exiting the plasma, we infer that the 60 fs, 110 TW laser pulse is guided and excites a wake over the entire 1.3 cm length of the gas cell at densities below 1.5x10{sup 18} cm{sup -3}. High-energy electrons are observed only when small (3%) amounts of CO{sub 2} gas are added to the He gas. Computer simulations confirm that it is the K-shell electrons of oxygen that are ionized and injected into the wake and accelerated to beyond 1 GeV energy.

Clayton, C. E.; Joshi, C.; Lu, W.; Marsh, K. A.; Mori, W. B.; Pak, A.; Tsung, F. S. [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States); Ralph, J. E.; Albert, F.; Glenzer, S. H.; Froula, D. H. [L-399, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, P.O. Box 808, Livermore, California 94551 (United States); Fonseca, R. A.; Martins, S. F.; Silva, L. O. [GoLP/IPFN-LA, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Lisboa (Portugal); Pollock, B. B.; Ross, J. S. [L-399, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, P.O. Box 808, Livermore, California 94551 (United States); MAE Department, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 (United States)

2010-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

105

Laser-driven acceleration of a dense matter up to 'thermonuclear' velocities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The results of theoretical studies and numerical simulations of laser-driven acceleration of a flat foil up to ultrahigh velocity of the order of 1000?km?s?1, which corresponds to the achievement of thermonuclear temperatures due to kinetic energy transition into thermal energy at an inelastic impact, are reported. The behavior of a foil accelerated to such high velocities, in particular, the distribution of foil density, which defines thermonuclear reaction intensity, has been studied. The calculation results are compared with the results of the experiments performed on the Gekko/HIPER laser, where a laser-driven projectile achieved record-breaking velocity. The laser pulse and foil parameters responsible for acceleration of the projectile up to 'thermonuclear' velocities in a dense state have been determined.

S Yu Gus'kov; H Azechi; N N Demchenko; V V Demchenko; I Ya Doskoch; M Murakami; H Nagatomo; V B Rozanov; S Sakaiya; R V Stepanov; N V Zmitrenko

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Longitudinal instabilities affecting the moving critical layer laser-plasma ion accelerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we analyze the longitudinal instabilities of propagating acceleration structures that are driven by a relativistically intense laser at the moving plasma critical layer [1]. These instabilities affect the energy-spectra of the accelerated ion-beams in propagating critical layer acceleration schemes [2][3]. Specifically, using analytical theory and PIC simulations we look into three fundamental physical processes and their interplay that are crucial to the understanding of energy spectral control by making the laser-plasma ion accelerators stable. The interacting processes are (i) Doppler-shifted ponderomotive bunching [1][4] (ii) potential quenching by beam-loading [2] and (iii) two-stream instabilities. These phenomenon have been observed in simulations analyzing these acceleration processes [5][6][7]. From the preliminary models and results we present in this work, we can infer measures by which these instabilities can be controlled [8] for improving the energy-spread of the beams.

Sahai, Aakash Ajit

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Control of seeding phase for a cascaded laser wakefield accelerator with gradient injection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrated experimentally the seeding-phase control for a two-stage laser wakefield accelerator with gradient injection. By optimizing the seeding phase of electrons into the second stage, electron beams beyond 0.5 GeV with a 3% rms energy spread were produced over a short acceleration distance of ?2 mm. Peak energy of the electron beam was further extended beyond 1 GeV by lengthening the second acceleration stage to 5 mm. Time-resolved magnetic field measurements via magneto-optical Faraday polarimetry allowed us to monitor the processes of electron seeding and acceleration in the second stage.

Wang, Wentao; Li, Wentao; Liu, Jiansheng; Wang, Cheng; Chen, Qiang; Zhang, Zhijun; Qi, Rong; Leng, Yuxin; Liang, Xiaoyan; Liu, Yanqi; Lu, Xiaoming; Wang, Cheng; Li, Ruxin; Xu, Zhizhan [State Key Laboratory of High Field Laser Physics, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Shanghai 201800 (China)] [State Key Laboratory of High Field Laser Physics, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Shanghai 201800 (China)

2013-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

108

Summary Report of Working Group 1: Laser-Plasma Acceleration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

structure providing a linear mechanism with potential to harness low-energy laser systems [11 94720, USA Department of Electrical Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles, Westwood, CA

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

109

Kilotesla Magnetic Assisted Fast Laser Ignited Boron-11 Hydrogen Fusion with Nonlinear Force Driven Ultrahigh Accelerated Plasma Blocks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nuclear fusion with confinement by available kilotesla magnetic fields ... combination of this approach with the established ultrahigh laser acceleration of plasma blocks driven by nonlinear (ponderomotive) forc...

P. Lalousis; S. Moustaizis; H. Hora; G. H. Miley

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Simulation prediction and experiment setup of vacuum laser acceleration at Brookhaven National Lab-Accelerator Test Facility  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the pre-experiment plan and prediction of the first stage of vacuum laser acceleration (VLA) collaborating by UCLA, Fudan University and ATF-BNL. This first stage experiment is a proof-of-principle to support our previously posted novel VLA theory. Simulations show that based on ATF's current experimental conditions the electron beam with initial energy of 15 MeV can get net energy gain from an intense CO2 laser beam. The difference in electron beam energy spread is observable by the ATF beam line diagnostics system. Further, this energy spread expansion effect increases along with an increase in laser intensity. The proposal has been approved by the ATF committee and the experiment will be our next project.

L. Shao; D. Cline; X. Ding; Y.K. Ho; Q. Kong; J.J. Xu; I. Pogorelsky; V. Yakimenko; K. Kusche

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

The analytic model of a laser-accelerated plasma target and its stability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A self-consistent kinetic theory of a laser-accelerated plasma target with distributed electron/ion densities is developed. The simplified model assumes that after an initial transition period the bulk of cold ions are uniformly accelerated by the self-consistent electric field generated by hot electrons trapped in combined ponderomotive and electrostatic potentials. Several distinct target regions (non-neutral ion tail, non-neutral electron sheath, and neutral plasma bulk) are identified and analytically described. It is shown analytically that such laser-accelerated finite-thickness target is susceptible to Rayleigh-Taylor (RT) instability. Particle-in-cell simulations of the seeded perturbations of the plasma target reveal that, for ultra-relativistic laser intensities, the growth rate of the RT instability is depressed from the analytic estimates.

Khudik, V., E-mail: vkhudik@physics.utexas.edu; Yi, S. A.; Siemon, C.; Shvets, G. [Department of Physics and Institute for Fusion Studies, University of Texas at Austin, One University Station C1500, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Institute for Fusion Studies, University of Texas at Austin, One University Station C1500, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

112

Broad Energy Spectrum of Laser-Accelerated Protons for Spallation-Related Physics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A beam of MeV protons, accelerated by ultraintense laser-pulse interactions with a thin target foil, is used to investigate nuclear reactions of interest for spallation physics. The laser-generated proton beam is shown (protons were measured) to have a broad energy distribution, which closely resembles the expected energy spectrum of evaporative protons (below 50 MeV) produced in GeV-proton-induced spallation reactions. The protons are used to quantify the distribution of residual radioisotopes produced in a representative spallation target (Pb), and the results are compared with calculated predictions based on spectra modeled with nuclear Monte Carlo codes. Laser-plasma particle accelerators are shown to provide data relevant to the design and development of accelerator driven systems.

P. McKenna; K. W. D. Ledingham; S. Shimizu; J. M. Yang; L. Robson; T. McCanny; J. Galy; J. Magill; R. J. Clarke; D. Neely; P. A. Norreys; R. P. Singhal; K. Krushelnick; M. S. Wei

2005-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

113

Observation of Rayleigh-Taylor-like Structures in a Laser-Accelerated Foil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The development of the Rayleigh-Taylor hydrodynamic instability was studied in laser-accelerated targets by introduction of mass thickness variations in foil targets. Observations made by side-on flash x radiography showed target structures and mass redistribution effects which resemble Rayleigh-Taylor bubbles and spikes, including not only advanced broadening of the spike tips on the laser-irradiated side of the foil but also projections of mass on the unirradiated side. The observations compare well with numerical simulations.

R. R. Whitlock; M. H. Emery; J. A. Stamper; E. A. McLean; S. P. Obenschain; M. C. Peckerar

1984-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

114

Two-Screen Method for Determining Electron Beam Energy and Deflection from Laser Wakefield Acceleration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Laser Wakefield Acceleration (LWFA) experiments have been performed at the Jupiter Laser Facility, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. In order to unambiguously determine the output electron beam energy and deflection angle at the plasma exit, we have implemented a two-screen electron spectrometer. This system is comprised of a dipole magnet followed by two image plates. By measuring the electron beam deviation from the laser axis on each plate, both the energy and deflection angle at the plasma exit are determined through the relativistic equation of motion.

Pollock, B B; Ross, J S; Tynan, G R; Divol, L; Glenzer, S H; Leurent, V; Palastro, J P; Ralph, J E; Froula, D H; Clayton, C E; Marsh, K A; Pak, A E; Wang, T L; Joshi, C

2009-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

115

Laser ion acceleration by using the dynamic motion of a target  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Proton acceleration by using a 620 TW, 18 J laser pulse of peak intensity of 5×10{sup 21} W/cm{sup 2} irradiating a disk target is examined using three-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations. It is shown that protons are accelerated efficiently to high energy for a “light” material in the first layer of a double-layer target, because a strongly inhomogeneous expansion of the first layer occurs by a Coulomb explosion within such a material. Moreover, a large movement of the first layer for the accelerated protons is produced by radiation-pressure-dominant acceleration. A time-varying electric potential produced by this expanding and moving ion cloud accelerates protons effectively. In addition, using the best material for the target, one can generate a proton beam with an energy of 200 MeV and an energy spread of 2%.

Morita, Toshimasa [Advanced Beam Technology Research Division, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 8-1-7 Umemidai, Kizugawa, Kyoto 619-0215 (Japan)] [Advanced Beam Technology Research Division, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 8-1-7 Umemidai, Kizugawa, Kyoto 619-0215 (Japan)

2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

116

Frequency chirp and pulse shape effects in self-modulated laser wakefield accelerators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of asymmetric laser pulses on plasma wave excitation in a self-modulated laser wakefield accelerator is examined. Laser pulse shape and frequency chirp asymmetries, controlled experimentally in the laser system through a grating pair compressor, are shown to strongly enhance measured electron yields for certain asymmetries. It is shown analytically that a positive (negative) frequency chirp enhances (suppresses) the growth rate of the Raman forward scattering and near-forward Raman sidescatter instabilities, but is of minimal importance for the experimental parameters. Temporal laser pulse shapes with fast rise times (< plasma period) are shown to generate larger wakes (compared to slow rise time pulses) which seed the growth of the plasma wave, resulting in enhanced electron yield.

Schroeder, C.B.; Esarey, E.; Geddes, C.G.R.; Toth, Cs.; Shadwick, B.A.; van Tilborg, J.; Faure, J.; Leemans, W.P.

2002-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

117

Novel techniques of laser acceleration: from structures to plasmas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...numerical aperture was used to focus the mid-IR beam. A set of...omega=0.95, a crit initial plasma wave amplitude, u 0=0.08...PHY-0114336 administered by the FOCUS Center at the University of...laser-excited relativistic electron plasma waves. Phys. Rev. Lett...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Magnetic-field generation and electron acceleration in relativistic laser channel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnetic-field generation and electron acceleration in relativistic laser channel I. Yu. Kostyukov itself as a strong axial magnetic field inverse Faraday effect . The magnitude of this magnetic field is calculated and related to the amount of the absorbed energy. Absorbed energy and generated magnetic field

119

Experimental Observation of Electrons Accelerated in Vacuum to Relativistic Energies by a High-Intensity Laser  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Free electrons have been accelerated in vacuum to MeV energies by a high-intensity subpicosecond laser pulse ( 1019 W/cm2, 300 fs). The experimental data are in good agreement with the relativistic motion of electrons in a spatially and temporally finite electromagnetic field, both in terms of maximum energy and scattering angle.

G. Malka; E. Lefebvre; J. L. Miquel

1997-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

120

Direct particle acceleration by two identical crossed radially polarized laser beams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electrons and {alpha} particles injected midway between two ultrahigh intensity crossed laser beams of radial polarization are shown to be accelerated in vacuum to several gigaelectron volts and to have average energy gradients in excess of 150 GeV/m. A unique model of the crossing beams is suggested, which maximizes the particle energy gain and minimizes the particle-beam diffraction.

Salamin, Yousef I. [Department of Physics, American University of Sharjah, P.O. Box 26666, Sharjah (United Arab Emirates)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "laser accelerator bella" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

MeV-Energy X Rays from Inverse Compton Scattering with Laser-Wakefield Accelerated Electrons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report the generation of MeV x rays using an undulator and accelerator that are both driven by the same 100-terawatt laser system. The laser pulse driving the accelerator and the scattering laser pulse are independently optimized to generate a high energy electron beam (>200??MeV) and maximize the output x-ray brightness. The total x-ray photon number was measured to be ?1×107, the source size was 5???m, and the beam divergence angle was ?10??mrad. The x-ray photon energy, peaked at 1 MeV (reaching up to 4 MeV), exceeds the thresholds of fundamental nuclear processes (e.g., pair production and photodisintegration).

S. Chen; N. D. Powers; I. Ghebregziabher; C. M. Maharjan; C. Liu; G. Golovin; S. Banerjee; J. Zhang; N. Cunningham; A. Moorti; S. Clarke; S. Pozzi; D. P. Umstadter

2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

122

Laser triggering of water switches in terrawatt-class pulse power accelerators.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Focused Beams from high-power lasers have been used to command trigger gas switches in pulse power accelerators for more than two decades. This Laboratory-Directed Research and Development project was aimed at determining whether high power lasers could also command trigger water switches on high-power accelerators. In initial work, we determined that focused light from three harmonics of a small pulsed Nd:YAG laser at 1064 nm, 532 nm, and 355 nm could be used to form breakdown arcs in water, with the lowest breakdown thresholds of 110 J/cm{sup 2} or 14 GW/cm{sup 2} at 532 nm in the green. In laboratory-scale laser triggering experiments with a 170-kV pulse-charged water switch with a 3-mm anode-cathode gap, we demonstrated that {approx}90 mJ of green laser energy could trigger the gap with a 1-{sigma} jitter of less than 2ns, a factor of 10 improvement over the jitter of the switch in its self breaking mode. In the laboratory-scale experiments we developed optical techniques utilizing polarization rotation of a probe laser beam to measure current in switch channels and electric field enhancements near streamer heads. In the final year of the project, we constructed a pulse-power facility to allow us to test laser triggering of water switches from 0.6- MV to 2.0 MV. Triggering experiments on this facility using an axicon lens for focusing the laser and a switch with a 740 kV self-break voltage produced consistent laser triggering with a {+-} 16-ns 1-{sigma} jitter, a significant improvement over the {+-} 24-ns jitter in the self-breaking mode.

Woodworth, Joseph Ray; Johnson, David Lee (Titan Pulse Sciences, San Leandro, CA); Wilkins, Frank (Bechtel Nevada, Las Vegas, NV); Van De Valde, David (EG& G Technical Services, Albuquerque, NM); Sarkisov, Gennady Sergeevich (Ktech Corporation, Albuquerque, NM); Zameroski, Nathan D.; Starbird, Robert L. (Bechtel Nevada, Las Vegas, NV)

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Spectrum bandwidth narrowing of Thomson scattering X-rays with energy chirped electron beams from laser wakefield acceleration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study incoherent Thomson scattering between an ultrashort laser pulse and an electron beam accelerated from a laser wakefield. The energy chirp effects of the accelerated electron beam on the final radiation spectrum bandwidth are investigated. It is found that the scattered X-ray radiation has the minimum spectrum width and highest intensity as electrons are accelerated up to around the dephasing point. Furthermore, it is proposed that the electron acceleration process inside the wakefield can be studied by use of 90° Thomson scattering. The dephasing position and beam energy chirp can be deduced from the intensity and bandwidth of the scattered radiation.

Xu, Tong; Chen, Min, E-mail: minchen@sjtu.edu.cn; Li, Fei-Yu; Yu, Lu-Le [Key Laboratory for Laser Plasmas (Ministry of Education), Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China)] [Key Laboratory for Laser Plasmas (Ministry of Education), Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Sheng, Zheng-Ming, E-mail: zmsheng@sjtu.edu.cn [Key Laboratory for Laser Plasmas (Ministry of Education), Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China) [Key Laboratory for Laser Plasmas (Ministry of Education), Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); SUPA, Department of Physics, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 0NG (United Kingdom); Zhang, Jie [Key Laboratory for Laser Plasmas (Ministry of Education), Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China) [Key Laboratory for Laser Plasmas (Ministry of Education), Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Beijing National Laboratory of Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, CAS, Beijing 100190 (China)

2014-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

124

Practical method and device for enhancing pulse contrast ratio for lasers and electron accelerators  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus and method for enhancing pulse contrast ratios for drive lasers and electron accelerators. The invention comprises a mechanical dual-shutter system wherein the shutters are placed sequentially in series in a laser beam path. Each shutter of the dual shutter system has an individually operated trigger for opening and closing the shutter. As the triggers are operated individually, the delay between opening and closing first shutter and opening and closing the second shutter is variable providing for variable differential time windows and enhancement of pulse contrast ratio.

Zhang, Shukui; Wilson, Guy

2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

125

Approach towards quasi-monoenergetic laser ion acceleration with doped target  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ion acceleration using a laser pulse irradiating a disk target that includes hydrogen and carbon is examined using three-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations. It is shown that over 200?MeV protons can be generated using a 620 TW, 5?×?10{sup 21}?W/cm{sup 2} laser pulse. In a polyethylene (CH{sub 2}) target, protons and carbon ions separate and form two layers by radiation pressure acceleration. A strong Coulomb explosion in this situation and Coulomb repulsion between each layer generates high energy protons. A doped target consisting of low density hydrogen within a carbon disk becomes a double layer target that is comprised of a thin low density hydrogen disk on the surface of a high-Z atom layer. This then generates a quasi-monoenergetic proton beam.

Morita, Toshimasa [Quantum Beam Science Directorate, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 8-1-7 Umemidai, Kizugawa, Kyoto 619-0215 (Japan)] [Quantum Beam Science Directorate, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 8-1-7 Umemidai, Kizugawa, Kyoto 619-0215 (Japan)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

126

Coulomb explosion effect and the maximum energy of protons accelerated by high-power lasers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The acceleration of light ions (protons) through the interaction of a high-power laser pulse with a double-layer target is theoretically studied by means of two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations and a one-dimensional analytical model. It is shown that the maximum energy acquired by the accelerated light ions (protons) depends on the physical characteristics of a heavy-ion layer (electron-ion mass ratio and effective charge state of the ions). In our theoretical model, the hydrodynamic equations for both electron and heavy-ion species are solved and the test-particle approximation for the light ions (protons) is applied. The heavy-ion motion is found to modify the longitudinal electric field distribution, thus changing the acceleration conditions for the protons.

E. Fourkal; I. Velchev; C.-M. Ma

2005-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

127

Self-truncated ionization injection and consequent monoenergetic electron bunches in laser wakefield acceleration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ionization-induced injection in laser wakefield acceleration has been recently demonstrated to be a promising injection scheme. However, the energy spread controlling in this mechanism remains a challenge because continuous injection in a mixed gas target is usually inevitable. Here, we propose that by use of certain initially unmatched laser pulses, the electron injection can be constrained to the very front region of the mixed gas target, typically in a length of a few hundreds micrometers determined by the laser self-focusing and the wake deformation. As a result, the produced electron beam has narrow energy spread and meanwhile contains tens of pC in charge. Both multidimensional simulations and theoretical analysis illustrate the effectiveness of this scheme.

Zeng, Ming; Zhang, Jie [Key Laboratory for Laser Plasmas (Ministry of Education), Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China)] [Key Laboratory for Laser Plasmas (Ministry of Education), Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Chen, Min, E-mail: minchen@sjtu.edu.cn [Key Laboratory for Laser Plasmas (Ministry of Education), Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China) [Key Laboratory for Laser Plasmas (Ministry of Education), Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Department of Mathematics, Institute of Natural Sciences, and MOE-LSC, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 20040 (China); Sheng, Zheng-Ming, E-mail: zmsheng@sjtu.edu.cn [Key Laboratory for Laser Plasmas (Ministry of Education), Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China) [Key Laboratory for Laser Plasmas (Ministry of Education), Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); SUPA, Department of Physics, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 0NG (United Kingdom); Mori, Warren B. [University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States)] [University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States)

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

128

Optimizing Laser-accelerated Ion Beams for a Collimated Neutron Source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High-flux neutrons for imaging and materials analysis applications have typically been provided by accelerator- and reactor-based neutron sources. A novel approach is to use ultraintense (>1018W/cm2) lasers to generate picosecond, collimated neutrons from a dual target configuration. In this article, the production capabilities of present and upcoming laser facilities are estimated while independently maximizing neutron yields and minimizing beam divergence. A Monte-Carlo code calculates angular and energy distributions of neutrons generated by D-D fusion events occurring within a deuterated target for a given incident beam of D+ ions. Tailoring of the incident distribution via laser parameters and microlens focusing modifies the emerging neutrons. Projected neutron yields and distributions are compared to conventional sources, yielding comparable on-target fluxes per discharge, shorter time resolution, larger neutron energies and greater collimation.

C.L. Ellison and J. Fuchs

2010-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

129

Electron acceleration by an intense short pulse laser in a static magnetic field in vacuum K. P. Singh*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electron acceleration by an intense short pulse laser in a static magnetic field in vacuum K. P 2003; revised manuscript received 22 December 2003; published 28 May 2004) Electron acceleration the peak of the pulse interacts with the electron and the direction of the static magnetic field is taken

Roy, Subrata

130

Study of electron acceleration and x-ray radiation as a function of plasma density in capillary-guided laser wakefield accelerators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Laser wakefield electron acceleration in the blow-out regime and the associated betatron X-ray radiation were investigated experimentally as a function of the plasma density in a configuration where the laser is guided. Dielectric capillary tubes were employed to assist the laser keeping self-focused over a long distance by collecting the laser energy around its central focal spot. With a 40 fs, 16 TW pulsed laser, electron bunches with tens of pC charge were measured to be accelerated to an energy up to 300 MeV, accompanied by X-ray emission with a peak brightness of the order of 10{sup 21} ph/s/mm{sup 2}/mrad{sup 2}/0.1%BW. Electron trapping and acceleration were studied using the emitted X-ray beam distribution to map the acceleration process; the number of betatron oscillations performed by the electrons was inferred from the correlation between measured X-ray fluence and beam charge. A study of the stability of electron and X-ray generation suggests that the fluctuation of X-ray emission can be reduced by stabilizing the beam charge. The experimental results are in good agreement with 3D particle-in-cell (PIC) simulation.

Ju, J.; Döpp, A.; Cros, B. [Laboratoire de Physique des Gaz et des Plasmas, CNRS-Université Paris-Sud, 91405 Orsay (France)] [Laboratoire de Physique des Gaz et des Plasmas, CNRS-Université Paris-Sud, 91405 Orsay (France); Svensson, K.; Genoud, G.; Wojda, F.; Burza, M.; Persson, A.; Lundh, O.; Wahlström, C.-G. [Department of Physics, Lund University, P.O. Box 118, S-22100 Lund (Sweden)] [Department of Physics, Lund University, P.O. Box 118, S-22100 Lund (Sweden); Ferrari, H. [Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientķficas y Técnicas (CONICET) and CNEA-CAB (Argentina)] [Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientķficas y Técnicas (CONICET) and CNEA-CAB (Argentina)

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

131

Low-Emittance Electron Bunches from a Laser-Plasma Accelerator Measured using Single-Shot X-Ray Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Low-Emittance Electron Bunches from a Laser-Plasma Accelerator Measured using Single-Shot X-Ray,8], x-ray [9Ā­11], and -ray radiation [12,13]. The electron density wave gener- ated by an intense laser manuscript received 15 February 2012; published 10 August 2012) X-ray spectroscopy is used to obtain single

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

132

Passive tailoring of laser-accelerated ion beam cut-off energy by using double foil assembly  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A double foil assembly is shown to be effective in tailoring the maximum energy produced by a laser-accelerated proton beam. The measurements compare favorably with adiabatic expansion simulations, and particle-in-cell simulations. The arrangement proposed here offers for some applications a simple and passive way to utilize simultaneously highest irradiance lasers that have best laser-to-ion conversion efficiency while avoiding the production of undesired high-energy ions.

Chen, S. N., E-mail: sophia.chen@polytechnique.edu; Brambrink, E.; Mancic, A.; Romagnani, L.; Audebert, P.; Fuchs, J., E-mail: julien.fuchs@polytechnique.fr [Laboratoire pour l'Utilisation des Lasers Intenses, UMR 7605 CNRS-CEA-École Polytechnique-Université Paris VI, Palaiseau (France); Robinson, A. P. L. [Central Laser Facility, STFC Rutherford-Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxfordshire OX11 0QX (United Kingdom)] [Central Laser Facility, STFC Rutherford-Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxfordshire OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Antici, P. [Laboratoire pour l'Utilisation des Lasers Intenses, UMR 7605 CNRS-CEA-École Polytechnique-Université Paris VI, Palaiseau (France) [Laboratoire pour l'Utilisation des Lasers Intenses, UMR 7605 CNRS-CEA-École Polytechnique-Université Paris VI, Palaiseau (France); Dipartimento SBAI, Universitą di Roma « La Sapienza », Via Scarpa 14-16, 00165 Roma (Italy); INRS-Énergie et Matériaux, 1650 bd. L. Boulet, Varennes, J3X1S2 Québec (Canada); D'Humičres, E. [Physics Department, MS-220, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada 89557 (United States) [Physics Department, MS-220, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada 89557 (United States); Centre de Physique Théorique, CNRS-Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau (France); University of Bordeaux—CNRS—CEA, CELIA, UMR5107, 33405 Talence (France); Gaillard, S. [Physics Department, MS-220, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada 89557 (United States)] [Physics Department, MS-220, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada 89557 (United States); Grismayer, T.; Mora, P. [Centre de Physique Théorique, CNRS-Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau (France)] [Centre de Physique Théorique, CNRS-Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau (France); Pépin, H. [INRS-Énergie et Matériaux, 1650 bd. L. Boulet, Varennes, J3X1S2 Québec (Canada)] [INRS-Énergie et Matériaux, 1650 bd. L. Boulet, Varennes, J3X1S2 Québec (Canada)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

133

Measurement of the Betatron Radiation Spectrum Coming From a Laser Wakefield Accelerator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Laser Wakefield Accelerator (LWFA) is under development at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) to produce electron bunches with GeV class energy and energy spreads of a few-percent. The ultimate goal is to provide a bright and compact photon source for high energy density physics. The interaction of a high power (200 TW), short pulse (50 fs) laser with neutral He gas can generate quasi-monoenergetic electron beams at energies up to 1 GeV. The laser pulse can be self-guided over a dephasing length of 1 cm (for a plasma density of 1.5 x 10{sup 18} cm{sup -3}) overcoming the limitation of vacuum diffraction. Betatron radiation is emitted while the accelerated electrons undergo oscillations in the wakefield electrostatic field. Here we present electron spectra measurements with a two screen spectrometer allowing to fix the ambiguities due to electron deflections at the plasma exit. They have measured monoenergetic electron beams above 300 MeV. Furthermore a forward directed x-ray beam is observed. The measured betatron spectrum agrees well with the calculated spectrum in the synchrotron asymptotic limit (SAL) using the measured electron beam parameters.

Leurent, V; Michel, P; Clayton, C E; Pollock, B; Doeppner, T; Wang, T L; Ralph, J; Pak, A; Marsh, K; Joshi, C; Tynan, G R; Divol, L; Palastro, J P; Glenzer, S H; Froula, D H

2008-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

134

Recent Developments on ALICE (Accelerators and Lasers In Combined Experiments) at Daresbury Laboratory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Progress made in ALICE (Accelerators and Lasers In Combined Experiments) commissioning and a summary of the latest experimental results are presented in this paper. After an extensive work on beam loading effects in SC RF linac (booster) and linac cavities conditioning, ALICE can now operate in full energy recovery mode at the bunch charge of 40pC, the beam energy of 30MeV and train lengths of up to 100us. This improved operation of the machine resulted in generation of coherently enhanced broadband THz radiation with the energy of several tens of uJ per pulse and in successful demonstration of the Compton Backscattering x-ray source experiment. The next steps in the ALICE scientific programme are commissioning of the IR FEL and start of the research on the first non-scaling FFAG accelerator EMMA. Results from both projects will be also reported.

Saveliev, Y M; Buckley, R K; Buckley, S R; Clarke, J A; Corlett, P A; Dunning, D J; Goulden, A R; Hill, S F; Jackson, F; Jamison, S P; Jones, J K; Jones, L B; Leonard, S; McIntosh, P A; McKenzie, J W; Middleman, K J; Militsyn, B L; Moss, A J; Muratori, B D; Orrett, J F; Pattalwar, S M; Phillips, P J; Scott, D J; Seddon, E A; Shepherd, B.J.A.; Smith, S L; Thompson, N; Wheelhouse, A E; Williams, P H; Harrison, P; Holder, D J; Holder, G M; Schofield, A L; Weightman, P; Williams, R L; Laundry, D; Powers, T; Priebe, G

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Active manipulation of the spatial energy distribution of laser-accelerated proton beams  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The spatial energy distributions of beams of protons accelerated by ultrahigh intensity (>1019W?cm2) picosecond laser pulse interactions with thin foil targets are investigated. Using separate, low intensity (<1013W?cm2) nanosecond laser pulses, focused onto the front surface of the target foil prior to the arrival of the high intensity pulse, it is demonstrated that the proton beam profile can be actively manipulated. In particular, results obtained with an annular intensity distribution at the focus of the low intensity beam are presented, showing smooth proton beams with a sharp circular boundary at all energies, which represents a significant improvement in the beam quality compared to irradiation with the picosecond beam alone.

D. C. Carroll; P. McKenna; O. Lundh; F. Lindau; C.-G. Wahlström; S. Bandyopadhyay; D. Pepler; D. Neely; S. Kar; P. T. Simpson; K. Markey; M. Zepf; C. Bellei; R. G. Evans; R. Redaelli; D. Batani; M. H. Xu; Y. T. Li

2007-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

136

Measurements of the critical power for self-injection of electrons in a laser wakefield accelerator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A laser wakefield acceleration study has been performed in the matched, self-guided, blow-out regime where a 10 J, 60 fs laser produced 720 {+-} 50 MeV quasi-monoenergetic electrons with a divergence of {Delta}{theta} = 2.85 {+-} 0.15 mRad. While maintaining a nearly constant plasma density (3 x 10{sup 18} cm{sup -3}), a linear electron energy gain was measured from 100 MeV to 700 MeV when the plasma length was scaled from 3 mm to 8 mm. Absolute charge measurements indicate that self-injection occurs when P/P{sub cr} > 4 and saturates around 100 pC for P/P{sub cr} > 12. The results are compared with both analytical scalings and full 3D particle-in-cell simulations.

Froula, D H; Clayton, C E; Doppner, T; Fonseca, R A; Marsh, K A; Barty, C J; Divol, L; Glenzer, S H; Joshi, C; Lu, W; Martins, S F; Michel, P; Mori, W; Palastro, J P; Pollock, B B; Pak, A; Ralph, J E; Ross, J S; Siders, C; Silva, L O; Wang, T

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

137

Compact tunable Compton x-ray source from laser-plasma accelerator and plasma mirror  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present results of the first tunable Compton backscattering (CBS) x-ray source that is based on the easily aligned combination of a laser-plasma accelerator (LPA) and a plasma mirror (PM). The LPA is driven in the blowout regime by 30 TW, 30 fs laser pulses, and produces high-quality, tunable, quasi-monoenergetic electron beams. A thin plastic film near the gas jet exit efficiently retro-reflects the LPA driving pulse with relativistic intensity into oncoming electrons to produce $2\\times10^{7}$ CBS x-ray photons per shot with 10-20 mrad angular divergence and 50 % (FWHM) energy spread without detectable bremsstrahlung background. The x-ray central energy is tuned from 75 KeV to 200 KeV by tuning the LPA e-beam central energy. Particle-in-cell simulations of the LPA, the drive pulse/PM interaction and CBS agree well with measurements.

Tsai, Hai-En; Shaw, Joseph; Li, Zhengyan; Arefiev, Alexey V; Zhang, Xi; Zgadzaj, Rafal; Henderson, Watson; Khudik, V; Shvets, G; Downer, M C

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Control of focusing fields in laser-plasma accelerators using higher-order modes E. Cormier-Michel,1,* E. Esarey,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of intense laser pulses in plasma channels [1] has many applications, including x-ray lasers [2], highControl of focusing fields in laser-plasma accelerators using higher-order modes E. Cormier-order laser modes are analyzed as a method to control focusing forces and improve the electron bunch quality

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

139

Origin of protons accelerated by an intense laser and the dependence of their energy on the plasma density  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the high-energy (1–4 MeV) proton production from a slab plasma irradiated by a ultrashort high-power laser. In our 2.5-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations, a p-polarized laser beam of 1.6×1019 W/cm2, 300 fs, ?L=1.053 ?m, illuminates a slab plasma normally; the slab plasma consists of a hydrogen plasma, and the target plasma thickness and the laser spot size are 2.5?L and 5?L, respectively. The simulation results show that an emitted proton energy depends on the slab plasma density, and three kinds of high-energy proton beams are generated at the target plasma surfaces: one kind of the proton beams is produced at the laser-illuminated target surface and accelerated to the same laser-incident side. The second is generated at the target surface opposite to the laser-illuminated target surface and is accelerated outward on the same side. The third is generated at the laser-illuminated target surface and accelerated to the opposite side while passing through the target plasma. The simulations also show a mechanism of proton accelerations. In an overdense plasma, laser energy goes to energies of hot electrons and magnetic fields in part; the electrons oscillate around the slab plasma so that a static electric field is generated and consequently protons are extracted. The magnetic field generated in the slab plasma exists longer and heats up the plasma electrons to sustain the static electric field even after the laser termination.

Takashi Nakamura and Shigeo Kawata

2003-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

140

Control of Laser Plasma Based Accelerators up to 1 GeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This dissertation documents the development of a broadband electron spectrometer (ESM) for GeV class Laser Wakefield Accelerators (LWFA), the production of high quality GeV electron beams (e-beams) for the first time in a LWFA by using a capillary discharge guide (CDG), and a statistical analysis of CDG-LWFAs. An ESM specialized for CDG-LWFAs with an unprecedented wide momentum acceptance, from 0.01 to 1.1 GeV in a single shot, has been developed. Simultaneous measurement of e-beam spectra and output laser properties as well as a large angular acceptance (> {+-} 10 mrad) were realized by employing a slitless scheme. A scintillating screen (LANEX Fast back, LANEX-FB)--camera system allowed faster than 1 Hz operation and evaluation of the spatial properties of e-beams. The design provided sufficient resolution for the whole range of the ESM (below 5% for beams with 2 mrad divergence). The calibration between light yield from LANEX-FB and total charge, and a study on the electron energy dependence (0.071 to 1.23 GeV) of LANEX-FB were performed at the Advanced light source (ALS), Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL). Using this calibration data, the developed ESM provided a charge measurement as well. The production of high quality electron beams up to 1 GeV from a centimeter-scale accelerator was demonstrated. The experiment used a 310 {micro}m diameter gas-filled capillary discharge waveguide that channeled relativistically-intense laser pulses (42 TW, 4.5 x 10{sup 18} W/cm{sup 2}) over 3.3 centimeters of sufficiently low density ({approx_equal} 4.3 x 10{sup 18}/cm{sup 3}) plasma. Also demonstrated was stable self-injection and acceleration at a beam energy of {approx_equal} 0.5 GeV by using a 225 {micro}m diameter capillary. Relativistically-intense laser pulses (12 TW, 1.3 x 10{sup 18}W/cm{sup 2}) were guided over 3.3 centimeters of low density ({approx_equal} 3.5 x 10{sup 18}/cm{sup 3}) plasma in this experiment. A statistical analysis of the CDG-LWFAs performance was carried out. By taking advantage of the high repetition rate experimental system, several thousands of shots were taken in a broad range of the laser and plasma parameters. An analysis program was developed to sort and select the data by specified parameters, and then to evaluate performance statistically. The analysis suggested that the generation of GeV-level beams comes from a highly unstable and regime. By having the plasma density slightly above the threshold density for self injection, (1) the longest dephasing length possible was provided, which led to the generation of high energy e-beams, and (2) the number of electrons injected into the wakefield was kept small, which led to the generation of high quality (low energy spread) e-beams by minimizing the beam loading effect on the wake. The analysis of the stable half-GeV beam regime showed the requirements for stable self injection and acceleration. A small change of discharge delay t{sub dsc}, and input energy E{sub in}, significantly affected performance. The statistical analysis provided information for future optimization, and suggested possible schemes for improvement of the stability and higher quality beam generation. A CDG-LWFA is envisioned as a construction block for the next generation accelerator, enabling significant cost and size reductions.

Nakamura, Kei

2007-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

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141

100 MeV laser accelerator demonstration and 1 GeV baseline design development. 1992 Annual report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The acceleration of relativistic electrons using the inverse Cerenkov effect was first demonstrated at Stanford University in 1981. Later, Fontana and Pantell developed an improved configuration for the inverse Cerenkov acceleration (ICA) process. A radially polarized laser beam is focused by an axicon onto the e-beam traveling through a gas-filled interaction region. The light intersects the e-beam at the Cerenkov angle {theta}{sub c}, where {theta}{sub c} = cos{sup {minus}1}(1/n{beta}), n is the index of refraction of the gas, and {beta} is the ratio of the electron velocity to the speed of light. The goal of the present program is to demonstrate improved laser acceleration using the Fontana and Pantell configuration. The experiments will be performed on the Accelerator Test Facility (ATF) located at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL). This facility features a 50 MeV linac fed by a Nd:YAG (4{omega}) laser-driven photocathode e-gun. It will be upgraded to 65 MeV in the near future. The ATF also has a high peak power CO{sub 2} laser, which was developed for laser acceleration studies. The present ICA experiment was divided into two phases. Phase 1 was to examine certain experimental issues in preparation for Phase 2. Phase 1 was successfully completed in the spring of 1992. Phase 2 is to perform the actual laser acceleration experiments on the ATF e-beam. The authors are currently waiting for the availability of the e-beam so that they can begin the Phase 2 experiments. In this section, the theory and experimental hardware for the present program are described. The results of the Phase 1 experiments are presented, and an update on the Phase 2 experiment is given.

Not Available

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Quasi-monoenergetic Electron Beams from Laser-plasma Acceleration by Ionization-induced Injection in Low- density Pure Nitrogen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report a laser wakefield acceleration of electron beams up to 130 MeV from laser-driven 4-mm long nitrogen gas jet. By using a moderate laser intensity (3.5*10^18 W.cm^(-2) ) and relatively low plasma densities (0.8*10^18 cm^(-3) to 2.7*10^18 cm^(-3)) we have achieved a stable regime for laser propagation and consequently a stable generation of electron beams. We experimentally studied the dependence of the drive laser energy on the laser-plasma channel and electron beam parameters. The quality of the generated electron beams is discussed within the framework of the ionization-induced injection mechanism.

Tao, Mengze; Li, Song; Mirzaie, Mohammad; Chen, Liming; He, Fei; Cheng, Ya; Zhang, Jie

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

A scintillator-based online detector for the angularly resolved measurement of laser-accelerated proton spectra  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In recent years, a new generation of high repetition rate ({approx}10 Hz), high power ({approx}100 TW) laser systems has stimulated intense research on laser-driven sources for fast protons. Considering experimental instrumentation, this development requires online diagnostics for protons to be added to the established offline detection tools such as solid state track detectors or radiochromic films. In this article, we present the design and characterization of a scintillator-based online detector that gives access to the angularly resolved proton distribution along one spatial dimension and resolves 10 different proton energy ranges. Conceived as an online detector for key parameters in laser-proton acceleration, such as the maximum proton energy and the angular distribution, the detector features a spatial resolution of {approx}1.3 mm and a spectral resolution better than 1.5 MeV for a maximum proton energy above 12 MeV in the current design. Regarding its areas of application, we consider the detector a useful complement to radiochromic films and Thomson parabola spectrometers, capable to give immediate feedback on the experimental performance. The detector was characterized at an electrostatic Van de Graaff tandetron accelerator and tested in a laser-proton acceleration experiment, proving its suitability as a diagnostic device for laser-accelerated protons.

Metzkes, J.; Kraft, S. D.; Sobiella, M.; Stiller, N.; Zeil, K.; Schramm, U. [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Bautzner Landstr. 400, 01328 Dresden (Germany); Karsch, L.; Schuerer, M. [OncoRay - National Center for Radiation Research in Oncology, TU Dresden, Fetscherstr. 74, 01307 Dresden (Germany); Pawelke, J.; Richter, C. [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Bautzner Landstr. 400, 01328 Dresden (Germany); OncoRay - National Center for Radiation Research in Oncology, TU Dresden, Fetscherstr. 74, 01307 Dresden (Germany)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

144

Acceleration  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Acceleration Acceleration of porous media simulations on the Cray XE6 platform Kirsten M. Fagnan, Michael Lijewski, George Pau, Nicholas J. Wright Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Road Berkeley, CA 94720 May 18, 2011 1 Introduction In this paper we investigate the performance of the Porous Media with Adaptive Mesh Refinment (PMAMR) code which was developed in the Center for Computational Science and Engineering at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. This code is being used to model carbon sequestration and contaminant transport as part of the Advanced Simulation Capability for Environmental Management (ASCEM) project. The goal of the ASCEM project is to better understand and quantify flow and contaminant transport behavior in complex geological systems. It will also address the long-term performance of engineered components including cementitious materials in

145

An asymmetric emittance electron source for the GALAXIE dielectric-laser accelerator injector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The GALAXIE project is a program to develop an all-optical, very high field accelerator and undulator integrated SASE FEL system based on dielectric laser-excited structures that support >GV/m fields. These structures are very wide in one direction to allow adequate charge given beam loading considerations, but also having small (subwavelength) apertures in the narrow direction. Such small vertical dimensions yield strict restrictions on the emittance in this direction, while no such constraint exists in the wide transverse direction. However, the overall beam brightness is restricted by the performance requirements on the FEL. To meet these demands, we are studying a very high field gun with a magnetized cathode, yielding a beam with angular momentum content. This beam is then subject to a skew-quad triplet that splits the emittances; this process is reversed to give a round beam after acceleration. This symmetric emittance beam avoids gain-degrading multiple-transverse-mode operation of the FEL, which also demands that the effects of the angular momentum in the beam be mitigated. In this paper we discuss the RF design of an X-band gun to be operated at {approx}200 MV/m peak field giving a 1 pC magnetized beam with unprecedented brightness. We examine the design of the focusing and skew-quad systems, investigating the associated beam dynamics and efficacy of emittance splitting.

Valloni, A.; Cahill, A.; Fukusawa, A.; Musumeci, P.; Spataro, B.; Yakub, A.; Rosenzweig, J. B. [Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, 405 Hilgard Ave., Los Angeles, CA 90034 (United States); Accelerator Division, Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati (INFN-LNF), Via E. Fermi 40, Frascati (RM) 00044 (Italy); Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, 405 Hilgard Ave., Los Angeles, CA 90034 (United States)

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

146

Terahertz radiation as a bunch diagnostic for laser-wakefield-accelerated electron bunches  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experimental results are reported from two measurement techniques (semiconductor switching and electro-optic sampling) that allow temporal characterization of electron bunches produced by a laser-driven plasma-based accelerator. As femtosecond electron bunches exit the plasma-vacuum interface, coherent transition radiation (at THz frequencies) is emitted. Measuring the properties of this radiation allows characterization of the electron bunches. Theoretical work on the emission mechanism is presented, including a model that calculates the THz wave form from a given bunch profile. It is found that the spectrum of the THz pulse is coherent up to the 200 {micro}m thick crystal (ZnTe) detection limit of 4 THz, which corresponds to the production of sub-50 fs (rms) electron bunch structure. The measurements demonstrate both the shot-to-shot stability of bunch parameters that are critical to THz emission (such as total charge and bunch length), as well as femtosecond synchronization among bunch, THz pulse, and laser beam.

van Tilborg, Jeroen; Schroeder, Carl; Filip, Catalin; Toth, Csaba; Geddes, Cameron; Fubiani, Gwenael; Esarey, Eric; Leemans, Wim

2011-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

147

Modeling of 10 GeV-1 TeV laser-plasma accelerators using Lorentz booster simulations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Modeling of laser-plasma wakefield accelerators in an optimal frame of reference [J.-L. Vay, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98 130405 (2007)] allows direct and e#14;fficient full-scale modeling of deeply depleted and beam loaded laser-plasma stages of 10 GeV-1 TeV (parameters not computationally accessible otherwise). This verifies the scaling of plasma accelerators to very high energies and accurately models the laser evolution and the accelerated electron beam transverse dynamics and energy spread. Over 4, 5 and 6 orders of magnitude speedup is achieved for the modeling of 10 GeV, 100 GeV and 1 TeV class stages, respectively. Agreement at the percentage level is demonstrated between simulations using different frames of reference for a 0.1 GeV class stage. Obtaining these speedups and levels of accuracy was permitted by solutions for handling data input (in particular particle and laser beams injection) and output in a relativistically boosted frame of reference, as well as mitigation of a high-frequency instability that otherwise limits effectiveness.

Vay, J.-L.; Geddes, C.G.R.; Esarey, E.; Esarey, E.; Leemans, W.P.; Cormier-Michel, E.; Grote, D.P.

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Efficient Modeling of Laser-Plasma Accelerators with INF&RNO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in: Proc. 13th Advanced Accelerator Workshop, Santa Cruz,in: Proc. 13th Advanced Accelerator Workshop, Santa Cruz,in: Proc. 13th Advanced Accelerator Workshop, Santa Cruz,

Benedetti, C.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

INEX (integrated numerical experiment) simulations of the Los Alamos HIBAF (high-brightness accelerator free-electron laser) free-electron laser MOPA (master oscillator power amplifier) experiment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present results of Integrated Numerical Experiment (INEX) simulations of the performance of a 1-m untapered wiggler FEL oscillator driving a 2-m wiggler FEL amplifier for the new HIBAF (High-Brightness Accelerator Free-Electron Laser) facility at Los Alamos. INEX simulations utilize a numerically-generated electron micropulse, from ISIS/PARMELA calculations of the photoinjector/linac/beam transport system, in the 3-D FEL simulation code FELEX. 13 refs., 10 figs., 1 tab.

Goldstein, J.C.; Carlsten, B.E.; McVey, B.D.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Electron diffraction using ultrafast electron bunches from a laser-wakefield accelerator at kHz repetition rate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We show that electron bunches in the 50-100 keV range can be produced from a laser wakefield accelerator using 10 mJ, 35 fs laser pulses operating at 0.5 kHz. It is shown that using a solenoid magnetic lens, the electron bunch distribution can be shaped. The resulting transverse and longitudinal coherence is suitable for producing diffraction images from a polycrystalline 10 nm aluminum foil. The high repetition rate, the stability of the electron source, and the fact that its uncorrelated bunch duration is below 100 fs make this approach promising for the development of sub-100 fs ultrafast electron diffraction experiments.

He, Z.-H.; Thomas, A. G. R.; Nees, J. A.; Hou, B.; Krushelnick, K. [Center for Ultrafast Optical Science, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106-2099 (United States)] [Center for Ultrafast Optical Science, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106-2099 (United States); Beaurepaire, B.; Malka, V.; Faure, J. [Laboratoire d'Optique Appliquee, ENSTA-CNRS-Ecole Polytechnique, UMR 7639, 91761 Palaiseau (France)] [Laboratoire d'Optique Appliquee, ENSTA-CNRS-Ecole Polytechnique, UMR 7639, 91761 Palaiseau (France)

2013-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

151

Plasma wakefields driven by an incoherent combination of laser pulses: a path towards high-average power laser-plasma accelerators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

he wakefield generated in a plasma by incoherently combining a large number of low energy laser pulses (i.e.,without constraining the pulse phases) is studied analytically and by means of fully-self-consistent particle-in-cell simulations. The structure of the wakefield has been characterized and its amplitude compared with the amplitude of the wake generated by a single (coherent) laser pulse. We show that, in spite of the incoherent nature of the wakefield within the volume occupied by the laser pulses, behind this region the structure of the wakefield can be regular with an amplitude comparable or equal to that obtained from a single pulse with the same energy. Wake generation requires that the incoherent structure in the laser energy density produced by the combined pulses exists on a time scale short compared to the plasma period. Incoherent combination of multiple laser pulses may enable a technologically simpler path to high-repetition rate, high-average power laser-plasma accelerators and associated applications.

Benedetti, C.; Schroeder, C.B.; Esarey, E.; Leemans, W.P.

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Performance of solenoids versus quadrupoles in focusing and energy selection of laser accelerated protons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using laser accelerated protons or ions for various applications—for example in particle therapy or short-pulse radiographic diagnostics—requires an effective method of focusing and energy selection. We derive an analytical scaling for the performance of a solenoid compared with a doublet/triplet as function of the energy, which is confirmed by TRACEWIN simulations. Generally speaking, the two approaches are equivalent in focusing capability, if parameters are such that the solenoid length approximately equals its diameter. The scaling also shows that this is usually not the case above a few MeV; consequently, a solenoid needs to be pulsed or superconducting, whereas the quadrupoles can remain conventional. It is also important that the transmission of the triplet is found only 25% lower than that of the equivalent solenoid. Both systems are equally suitable for energy selection based on their chromatic effect as is shown using an initial distribution following the RPA simulation model by Yan et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 135001 (2009].

Ingo Hofmann

2013-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

153

Improved spectral data unfolding for radiochromic film imaging spectroscopy of laser-accelerated proton beams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An improved method to unfold the space-resolved proton energy distribution function of laser-accelerated proton beams using a layered, radiochromic film (RCF) detector stack has been developed. The method takes into account the reduced RCF response near the Bragg peak due to a high linear energy transfer (LET). This LET dependence of the active RCF layer has been measured, and published data have been re-interpreted to find a nonlinear saturation scaling of the RCF response with stopping power. Accounting for the LET effect increased the integrated particle yield by 25% after data unfolding. An iterative, analytical, space-resolved deconvolution of the RCF response functions from the measured dose was developed that does not rely on fitting. After the particle number unfold, three-dimensional interpolation is performed to determine the spatial proton beam distribution for proton energies in-between the RCF data points. Here, image morphing has been implemented as a novel interpolation method that takes into account the energy-dependent, changing beam topology.

Schollmeier, M.; Geissel, M.; Sefkow, A. B. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States)] [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States); Flippo, K. A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)] [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

154

Dark defects in InGaAsP/InP double heterostructure lasers under accelerated aging  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Degradation modes due to dark defects under accelerated aging for InGaAsP/InP double heterostructure lasers are investigated by monitoring pulse threshold current, leak current, absorption coefficient, gain factor, and electroluminescence topograph. Most of the dark defects are dark spot defects (DSD's) and there are only few <100> dark line defects. At the initial stage of the degradation, these dark defects scarcely absorb the emitted light, and the reduction of gain factor causes the increase of pulse threshold current. After this stage, dark defects begin to act as absorber of the emitted light. The generation time of such DSD's strongly depends on the injected current density but only weakly on the junction temperature in the range of 25/sup 0/ to 250/sup 0/C. The activation energies for the generation time of the first dark spot defect and the growing speed of <100> dark line defects are estimated to be 0.16 and 0.2 eV, respectively.

Fukuda, M.; Wakita, K.; Iwane, G.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Improvements to laser wakefield accelerated electron beam stability, divergence, and energy spread using three-dimensional printed two-stage gas cell targets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High intensity, short pulse lasers can be used to accelerate electrons to ultra-relativistic energies via laser wakefield acceleration (LWFA) [T. Tajima and J. M. Dawson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 267 (1979)]. Recently, it was shown that separating the injection and acceleration processes into two distinct stages could prove beneficial in obtaining stable, high energy electron beams [Gonsalves et al., Nat. Phys. 7, 862 (2011); Liu et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 035001 (2011); Pollock et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 045001 (2011)]. Here, we use a stereolithography based 3D printer to produce two-stage gas targets for LWFA experiments on the HERCULES laser system at the University of Michigan. We demonstrate substantial improvements to the divergence, pointing stability, and energy spread of a laser wakefield accelerated electron beam compared with a single-stage gas cell or gas jet target.

Vargas, M.; Schumaker, W.; He, Z.-H.; Zhao, Z.; Behm, K.; Chvykov, V.; Hou, B.; Krushelnick, K.; Maksimchuk, A.; Yanovsky, V.; Thomas, A. G. R., E-mail: agrt@umich.edu [Center for Ultrafast Optical Science, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)

2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

156

Compression and acceleration of electron bunches to high energies in the interference field of intense laser pulses with tilted amplitude fronts: concept and modelling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new concept of accelerating electrons by laser radiation is proposed, namely, direct acceleration by a laser field under the conditions of interference of several relativistic-intensity laser pulses with amplitude fronts tilted by the angle 45 Degree-Sign with respect to the phase fronts. Due to such interference the traps moving with the speed of light arise that capture the electrons, produced in the process of ionisation of low-density gas by the same laser radiation. The modelling on the basis of solving the relativistic Newton equation with the appropriate Lorenz force shows that these traps, moving in space, successively collect electrons from the target, compress the resulting electron ensemble in all directions up to the dimensions smaller than the wavelength of the laser radiation and accelerate it up to the energies of the order of a few GeV per electron. (extreme light fields and their applications)

Korobkin, V V; Romanovsky, Mikhail Yu; Trofimov, V A; Shiryaev, O B [A M Prokhorov General Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2013-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

157

A threshold for laser-driven linear particle acceleration in unbounded vacuum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We hypothesize that a charged particle in unbounded vacuum can be substantially accelerated by a force linear in the electric field of a propagating electromagnetic wave only if the accelerating field is capable of bringing ...

Wong, Liang Jie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

ELECTRON INJECTION INTO CYCLIC ACCELERATOR USING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ELECTRON INJECTION INTO CYCLIC ACCELERATOR USING LASER WAKEFIELD ACCELERATION Ya. V. Getmanov, O. A acceleration #12;Storage ring with laser injection CYCLIC ACCELERATOR RF Electron injection The LWFA beam Ā­ accelerating light, 5 Ā­ accelerated electrons, 6 Ā­fast kicker - + accelerating laser pulse evaporatinglaser

159

Theory and numerical modeling of the accelerated expansion of laser-ablated materials near a solid surface  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A self-similar theory and numerical hydrodynamic modeling is developed to investigate the effects of dynamic source and partial ionization on the acceleration of the unsteady expansion of laser-ablated material near a solid target surface. The dynamic source effect accelerates the expansion in the direction perpendicular to the target surface, while the dynamic partial ionization effect accelerates the expansion in all directions. The vaporized material during laser ablation provides a nonadiabatic dynamic source at the target surface into the unsteady expanding fluid. For studying the dynamic source effect, the self-similar theory begins with an assumed profile of plume velocity, u=v/vm=?+(1-?)?, where vm is the maximum expansion velocity, ? is a constant, and ?=x/vmt. The resultant profiles of plume density and plume temperature are derived. The relations obtained from the conservations of mass, momentum, and energy, respectively, all show that the maximum expansion velocity is inversely proportional to ?, where 1-? is the slope of plume velocity profile. The numerical hydrodynamic simulation is performed with the Rusanov method and the Newton Raphson method. The profiles and scalings obtained from numerical hydrodynamic modeling are in good agreement with the theory. The dynamic partial ionization requires ionization energy from the heat at the expansion front, and thus reduces the increase of front temperature. The reduction of thermal motion would increase the flow velocity to conserve the momentum. This dynamic partial ionization effect is studied with the numerical hydrodynamic simulation including the Saha equation. With these effects, ? is reduced from its value of conventional free expansion. This reduction on ? increases the flow velocity slope, decreases the flow velocity near the surface, and reduces the thermal motion of plume, such that the maximum expansion velocity is significantly increased over that found from conventional models. The result may provide an explanation for experimental observations of high-expansion front velocities even at low-laser fluence.

K. R. Chen; T. C. King; J. H. Hes; J. N. Leboeuf; D. B. Geohegan; R. F. Wood; A. A. Puretzky; J. M. Donato

1999-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

160

Generation of high-quality mega-electron volt proton beams with intense-laser-driven nanotube accelerator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An ion acceleration scheme using carbon nanotubes (CNTs) is proposed, in which embedded fragments of low-Z materials are irradiated by an ultrashort intense laser to eject substantial numbers of electrons. Due to the resultant characteristic electrostatic field, the nanotube and embedded materials play the roles of the barrel and bullets of a gun, respectively, to produce highly collimated and quasimonoenergetic ion beams. Three-dimensional particle simulations, that take all the two-body Coulomb interactions into account, demonstrate generation of quasimonoenergetic MeV-order proton beams using nanometer-size CNT under a super-intense electrostatic field {approx}10{sup 14} V m{sup -1}.

Murakami, M. [Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan)] [Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan); Tanaka, M. [Department of Engineering, Chubu University, Aichi 487-8501 (Japan)] [Department of Engineering, Chubu University, Aichi 487-8501 (Japan)

2013-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

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161

Laser acceleration of quasi-monoenergetic MeV ion beams  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... S. et al. Electron, photon, and ion beams from the relativistic interaction of Petawatt laser pulses with solid targets. Phys. Plasmas 5, 2076–2082 (2000)

B. M. Hegelich; B. J. Albright; J. Cobble; K. Flippo; S. Letzring; M. Paffett; H. Ruhl; J. Schreiber; R. K. Schulze; J. C. Fernįndez

2006-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

162

Wavefront-sensor-based electron density measurements for laser-plasma accelerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

After imaging the plasma to a primary focus shortly afterfocus was 1 mm above the nozzle. The laser pulse excited a plasma

Plateau, Guillaume

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Studies of Intense Laser Propagation in Channels for Extended Length Plasma Accelerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Wurtele, G. Shvets Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 Abstract Progress profile. That is, n0(y) = 0 for y a In this section we consider the more that the wakefield accelerator scheme can be effective, but only if the beam load is placed on the first accelerating

Wurtele, Jonathan

164

Design Considerations for Plasma Accelerators Driven by Lasers or Particle Beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

al. , Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams, submitted, (2010). 15. A.D . Kimura, Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 13, 24. C . Jing, A .Driven by Lasers or Particle Beams C . B . Schroeder, E .

Schroeder, C. B.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Review of multi-dimensional large-scale kinetic simulation and physics validation of ion acceleration in relativistic laser-matter interaction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two new experimental technologies enabled realization of Break-out afterburner (BOA) - High quality Trident laser and free-standing C nm-targets. VPIC is an powerful tool for fundamental research of relativistic laser-matter interaction. Predictions from VPIC are validated - Novel BOA and Solitary ion acceleration mechanisms. VPIC is a fully explicit Particle In Cell (PIC) code: models plasma as billions of macro-particles moving on a computational mesh. VPIC particle advance (which typically dominates computation) has been optimized extensively for many different supercomputers. Laser-driven ions lead to realization promising applications - Ion-based fast ignition; active interrogation, hadron therapy.

Wu, Hui-Chun [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hegelich, B.M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Fernandez, J.C. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Shah, R.C. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Palaniyappan, S. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Jung, D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Yin, L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Albright, B.J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bowers, K. [Guest Scientist of XCP-6; Huang, C. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kwan, T.J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

166

Accelerated alpha-decay of 232U isotope achieved by exposure of its aqueous solution with gold nanoparticles to laser radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experimental results are presented on laser-induced accelerated alpha-decay of Uranium-232 nuclei under laser exposure of Au nanoparticles in aqueous solutions of its salt. It is demonstrated that the decrease of alpha-activity strongly depends on the peak intensity of the laser radiation in the liquid and is highest at several terawatt per square centimeter. The decrease of alpha-activity of the exposed solutions is accompanied by the deviation of gamma-activities of daughter nuclides of Uranium-232 from their equilibrium values. Possible mechanisms of the laser influence on the alpha-activity are discussed on the basis of the amplification of the electric field of laser wave on metallic nanoparticles.

A. V. Simakin; G. A. Shafeev

2011-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

167

The affect of erbium hydride on the conversion efficience to accelerated protons from ultra-shsort pulse laser irradiated foils  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This thesis work explores, experimentally, the potential gains in the conversion efficiency from ultra-intense laser light to proton beams using erbium hydride coatings. For years, it has been known that contaminants at the rear surface of an ultra-intense laser irradiated thin foil will be accelerated to multi-MeV. Inertial Confinement Fusion fast ignition using proton beams as the igniter source requires of about 10{sup 16} protons with an average energy of about 3MeV. This is far more than the 10{sup 12} protons available in the contaminant layer. Target designs must include some form of a hydrogen rich coating that can be made thick enough to support the beam requirements of fast ignition. Work with computer simulations of thin foils suggest the atomic mass of the non-hydrogen atoms in the surface layer has a strong affect on the conversion efficiency to protons. For example, the 167amu erbium atoms will take less energy away from the proton beam than a coating using carbon with a mass of 12amu. A pure hydrogen coating would be ideal, but technologically is not feasible at this time. In the experiments performed for my thesis, ErH{sub 3} coatings on 5 {micro}m gold foils are compared with typical contaminants which are approximately equivalent to CH{sub 1.7}. It will be shown that there was a factor of 1.25 {+-} 0.19 improvement in the conversion efficiency for protons above 3MeV using erbium hydride using the Callisto laser. Callisto is a 10J per pulse, 800nm wavelength laser with a pulse duration of 200fs and can be focused to a peak intensity of about 5 x 10{sup 19}W/cm{sup 2}. The total number of protons from either target type was on the order of 10{sup 10}. Furthermore, the same experiment was performed on the Titan laser, which has a 500fs pulse duration, 150J of energy and can be focused to about 3 x 10{sup 20} W/cm{sup 2}. In this experiment 10{sup 12} protons were seen from both erbium hydride and contaminants on 14 {micro} m gold foils. Significant improvements were also observed but possibly because of the depletion of hydrogen in the contaminant layer case.

Offermann, D

2008-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

168

Accelerator Test Facility  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Director ATF, Accelerator External program committee W. Leemans, Chair M. Woodle Engineer Mechanical M. Montemagno Engineer Electrical I. Pogorelsky, Physicist, Laser P. Jacob...

169

Generation of quasi-monochromatic beams of accelerated electrons during interaction of weak-contrast intense femtosecond laser radiation with a metal-foil edge  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The formation of monoenergetic beams of accelerated electrons by focusing femtosecond laser radiation with an intensity of 2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 17} W cm{sup -2} onto an edge of aluminium foil has been experimentally demonstrated. The electrons had energy distributions peaking in the range from 0.2 to 0.8 MeV and an energy spread less than 20 %. The acceleration mechanism related to the generation of a plasma wave as a result of self-modulation instability of the laser pulse in the subcritical plasma formed the prepulse of the laser system (arriving 10 ns before the main pulse) is considered. Onedimensional PIC simulation of the interaction between the laser radiation and plasma with a concentration of 5 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 19} cm{sup -3} showed that effective excitation of a plasma wave, as well as the trapping and acceleration of the electron beam with an energy on the order of 1 MeV, may occur in the presence of inhomogeneities in the density at the plasma boundary and in the temporal shape of the beam. (extreme light fields and their applications)

Malkov, Yu A; Stepanov, A N; Yashunin, D A; Pugachev, L P; Levashov, P R; Andreev, N E; Andreev, Aleksandr A

2013-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

170

Study of electron trapping by a transversely ellipsoidal bubble in the laser wake-field acceleration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present electron trapping in an ellipsoidal bubble which is not well explained by the spherical bubble model by [Kostyukov et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 175003 (2009)]. The formation of an ellipsoidal bubble, which is elongated transversely, frequently occurs when the spot size of the laser pulse is large compared to the plasma wavelength. First, we introduce the relation between the bubble size and the field slope inside the bubble in longitudinal and transverse directions. Then, we provide an ellipsoidal model of the bubble potential and investigate the electron trapping condition by numerical integration of the equations of motion. We found that the ellipsoidal model gives a significantly less restrictive trapping condition than that of the spherical bubble model. The trapping condition is compared with three-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations and the electron trajectory in test potential simulations.

Cho, Myung-Hoon [School of Natural Science, UNIST, BanYeon-Ri 100, Ulju-gun, Ulsan 689-798 (Korea, Republic of)] [School of Natural Science, UNIST, BanYeon-Ri 100, Ulju-gun, Ulsan 689-798 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Young-Kuk; Hur, Min Sup [School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, UNIST, BanYeon-Ri 100, Ulju-gun, Ulsan 689-798 (Korea, Republic of)] [School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, UNIST, BanYeon-Ri 100, Ulju-gun, Ulsan 689-798 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

171

BNL | Accelerator Test Facility  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Accelerator Test Facility Accelerator Test Facility Home Core Capabilities Photoinjector S-Band Linac Laser Systems CO2 Laser Nd:Yag Laser Beamlines Beamline Simulation Data Beamline Parameters Beam Diagnostics Detectors Beam Schedule Operations Resources Fact Sheet (.pdf) Image Library Upgrade Proposal (.pdf) Publications ES&H Experiment Start-up ATF Handbook Laser Safety Collider-Accelerator Dept. C-AD ES&H Resources Staff Users' Place Apply for Access ATF photo ATF photo ATF photo ATF photo ATF photo A user facility for advanced accelerator research The Brookhaven Accelerator Test Facility (ATF) is a proposal driven, steering committee reviewed facility that provides users with high-brightness electron- and laser-beams. The ATF pioneered the concept of a user facility for studying complex properties of modern accelerators and

172

A new method of measuring the poloidal magnetic and radial electric fields in a tokamak using a laser-accelerated ion-beam trace probe  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Both the poloidal magnetic field (B{sub p}) and radial electric field (E{sub r}) are significant in magnetic confinement devices. In this paper, a new method was proposed to diagnose both B{sub p} and E{sub r} at the same time, which was named Laser-accelerated Ion-beam Trace Probe (LITP). This method based on the laser-accelerated ion beam, which has three properties: large energy spread, short pulse lengths, and multiple charge states. LITP can provide the 1D profiles, or 2D images of both B{sub p} and E{sub r}. In this paper, we present the basic principle and some preliminary theoretical results.

Yang, X. Y.; Chen, Y. H.; Lin, C.; Wang, X. G.; Xiao, C. J., E-mail: cjxiao@pku.edu.cn [State Key Labaratory of Nuclear Physics and Technology, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Wang, L. [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 603, Beijing 100190 (China); Xu, M. [Center for Fusion Science of Southwestern Institute of Physics, P.O. Box 432, Chengdu 610041 (China)

2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

173

13S C I D A C R E V I E W S U M M E R 2 0 0 9 W W W . S C I D A C R E V I E W . O R G LASER P LASM A PART ICLE ACCELERATORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A PART ICLE ACCELERATORS Compared to conventional particle accelerators, plasmas can sustain accelerating simulations provide physical insight into the development of next-generation accelerators that use laser-driven plasma waves. These plasma- based accelerators offer a path to more compact, ultra-fast particle

Knowles, David William

174

6.1-MV, 0.79-MA laser-triggered gas switch for multimodule, multiterawatt pulsed-power accelerators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A 6.1-MV, 0.79-MA laser-triggered gas switch (LTGS) is used to synchronize the 36 modules of the Z machine at Sandia National Laboratories. Each module includes one switch, which serves as the last command-fired switch of the module, and hence is used to determine the time at which each module electrically closes relative to the other modules. The switch is ?81-cm in length, ?45-cm in diameter, and is immersed in mineral oil. The outer switch envelope consists of six corrugated monomer-cast acrylic insulators and five contoured stainless-steel rings. The trigger electrodes are fabricated from copper-infused tungsten. The switch is pressurized with several atmospheres of sulfur hexafluoride (SF6), which is turbulently purged within 2 seconds after every shot. Each switch is powered from a 6-MV, 0.78-MJ Marx generator which pulse charges a 24-nF intermediate-store water capacitor in 1.4-?s. Closure of the switch allows power to flow into pulse-forming transmission lines. The power pulse is subsequently compressed by water switches, which results in a total accelerator output power in excess of 70-TW. A previous version of the LTGS performed exceptionally at a 5.4-MV, 0.7-MA level on an engineering test module used for switch development. It exhibited a 1-? jitter of ?5??ns, a prefire and flashover rate less than 0.1%, and a lifetime in excess of 150 shots. When installed on the Z accelerator, however, the switch exhibited a prefire probability of ?3%, a flashover probability of ?7%, and a 15-ns jitter. The difference in performance is attributed to several factors such as higher total charge transfer, exposure to more debris, and more stressful dynamic mechanical loading upon machine discharge. Under these conditions, the replacement lifetime was less than ten shots. Since refurbishment of Z in October 2007, there have been three LTGS design iterations to improve the performance at 6.1-MV. The most recent design exhibits a prefire rate of less than 0.1%, a flashover rate of ?0.2%, a single switch jitter of ?6-ns, and a lifetime of greater than 75 shots. Modifications to achieve the performance improvement are detailed in this article.

K. R. LeChien; W. A. Stygar; M. E. Savage; P. E. Wakeland; V. Anaya; D. S. Artery; M. J. Baremore; D. E. Bliss; R. Chavez; G. D. Coombs; J. P. Corley; P. A. Jones; A. K. Kipp; B. A. Lewis; J. A. Lott; J. J. Lynch; G. R. McKee; S. D. Ploor; K. R. Prestwich; S. A. Roznowski; D. C. Spencer; S. D. White; J. R. Woodworth

2010-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

175

Optically pulsed electron accelerator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optically pulsed electron accelerator can be used as an injector for a free electron laser and comprises a pulsed light source, such as a laser, for providing discrete incident light pulses. A photoemissive electron source emits electron bursts having the same duration as the incident light pulses when impinged upon by same. The photoemissive electron source is located on an inside wall of a radiofrequency-powered accelerator cell which accelerates the electron burst emitted by the photoemissive electron source.

Fraser, J.S.; Sheffield, R.L.

1985-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

176

Optically pulsed electron accelerator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optically pulsed electron accelerator can be used as an injector for a free electron laser and comprises a pulsed light source, such as a laser, for providing discrete incident light pulses. A photoemissive electron source emits electron bursts having the same duration as the incident light pulses when impinged upon by same. The photoemissive electron source is located on an inside wall of a radio frequency powered accelerator cell which accelerates the electron burst emitted by the photoemissive electron source.

Fraser, John S. (Los Alamos, NM); Sheffield, Richard L. (Los Alamos, NM)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

3-D particle-in-cell simulations for quasi-phase matched direct laser electron acceleration in density-modulated plasma waveguides  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quasi-phase matched direct laser acceleration (DLA) of electrons can be realized with guided, radially polarized laser pulses in density-modulated plasma waveguides. A 3-D particle-in-cell model has been developed to describe the interactions among the laser field, injected electrons, and the background plasma in the DLA process. Simulations have been conducted to study the scheme in which seed electron bunches with moderate energies are injected into a plasma waveguide and the DLA is performed by use of relatively low-power (0.5-2 TW) laser pulses. Selected bunch injection delays with respect to the laser pulse, bunch lengths, and bunch transverse sizes have been studied in a series of simulations of DLA in a plasma waveguide. The results show that the injection delay is important for controlling the final transverse properties of short electron bunches, but it also affects the final energy gain. With a long injected bunch length, the enhanced ion-focusing force helps to collimate the electrons and a relativ...

Lin, M -W; Chen, S -H; Jovanovic, I

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Generation of 500 MeV-1 GeV energy electrons from laser wakefield acceleration via ionization induced injection using CO{sub 2} mixed in He  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Laser wakefield acceleration of 500 MeV to 1 GeV electron bunches has been demonstrated using ionization injection in mixtures of 4% to 10% of CO{sub 2} in He. 80 TW laser pulses were propagated through 5 mm gas jet targets at electron densities of 0.4-1.5 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 19}cm{sup -3}. Ionization injection led to lower density thresholds, a higher total electron charge, and an increased probability of producing electrons above 500 MeV in energy compared to self-injection in He gas alone. Electrons with GeV energies were also observed on a few shots and indicative of an additional energy enhancement mechanism.

Mo, M. Z.; Ali, A.; Fedosejevs, R. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2V4 (Canada)] [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2V4 (Canada); Fourmaux, S.; Lassonde, P.; Kieffer, J. C. [INRS-EMT, Universite du Quebec, 1650 Lionel Boulet, Varennes, Quebec J3X 1S2 (Canada)] [INRS-EMT, Universite du Quebec, 1650 Lionel Boulet, Varennes, Quebec J3X 1S2 (Canada)

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Improving beam spectral and spatial quality by double-foil target in laser ion acceleration for ion-driven fast ignition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mid-Z ion driven fast ignition inertial fusion requires ion beams of 100s of MeV energy and < 10% energy spread. An overdense run-scale foil target driven by a high intensity laser pulse can produce an ion beam that has attractive properties for this application. The Break Out Afterburner (BOA) is one laser-ion acceleration mechanism proposed to generate such beams, however the late stages of the BOA tend to produce too large of an energy spread. The spectral and spatial qualities of the beam quickly evolve as the ion beam and co-moving electrons continue to interact with the laser. Here we show how use of a second target foil placed behind a nm-scale foil can substantially reduce the temperature of the co-moving electrons and improve the ion beam energy spread. Particle-In-Cell simulations reveal the dynamics of the ion beam under control. Optimal conditions for improving the spectral and spatial spread of the ion beam is explored for current laser and target parameters, leading to generation of ion beams of energy 100s of MeV and 6% energy spread, a vital step for realizing ion-driven fast ignition.

Huang, Chenkun [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Albright, Brian J [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

E-Print Network 3.0 - accelerated l5-s1 segment Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Compensation in Laser Particle Accelerators L.C. Steinhauer and W.D. Kimura STI... Optronics, 2755 Northup Way, Bellevue, WA 98004-1495 Abstract. Laser particle acceleration...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "laser accelerator bella" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Accelerator on a Chip  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

SLAC's Joel England explains how the same fabrication techniques used for silicon computer microchips allowed their team to create the new laser-driven particle accelerator chips. (SLAC Multimedia Communications)

England, Joel

2014-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

182

Accelerator on a Chip  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

SLAC's Joel England explains how the same fabrication techniques used for silicon computer microchips allowed their team to create the new laser-driven particle accelerator chips. (SLAC Multimedia Communications)

England, Joel

2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

183

Phase Stable Net Acceleration of Electrons From a Two-Stage Optical Accelerator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this article we demonstrate the net acceleration of relativistic electrons using a direct, in-vacuum interaction with a laser. In the experiment, an electron beam from a conventional accelerator is first energy modulated at optical frequencies in an inverse-free-electron-laser and bunched in a chicane. This is followed by a second stage optical accelerator to obtain net acceleration. The optical phase between accelerator stages is monitored and controlled in order to scan the accelerating phase and observe net acceleration and deceleration. Phase jitter measurements indicate control of the phase to {approx}13{sup o} allowing for stable net acceleration of electrons with lasers.

Sears, Christopher M.S.; /SLAC /Munich, Max Planck Inst. Quantenopt.; Colby, Eric; England, R.J.; Ischebeck, Rasmus; McGuinness, Christopher; Nelson, Janice; Noble, Robert; Siemann, Robert H.; Spencer, James; Walz, Dieter; /SLAC; Plettner, Tomas; Byer, Robert L.; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.

2011-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

184

Miniaturization Techniques for Accelerators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The possibility of laser driven accelerators [1] suggests the need for new structures based on micromachining and integrated circuit technology because of the comparable scales. Thus, we are exploring fully integrated structures including sources, optics (for both light and particle) and acceleration in a common format--an accelerator-on-chip (AOC). Tests suggest a number of preferred materials and techniques but no technical or fundamental roadblocks at scales of order 1 {micro}m or larger.

Spencer, James E.

2003-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

185

Test Facility Daniil Stolyarov, Accelerator Test Facility User...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Development of the Solid-State Laser System for the Accelerator Test Facility Daniil Stolyarov, Accelerator Test Facility User's Meeting April 3, 2009 Outline Motivation for...

186

Accelerators and the Accelerator Community  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of electrostatic accelerators, while Ernest O. Lawrence (CBP 820 LBNL TBA ACCELERATORS ANDTHE ACCELERATOR COMMUNITY 1 ANDREW SESSLER Lawrence Berkeley

Malamud, Ernest

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Beam-Dynamics Studies and Advanced Accelerator Research at CTF-3 Compact Final Focus, Laser Compton Scattering, Plasmas, etc.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Preliminary investigations are summarized on the possible use of the CTF3 facility for extended beam-dynamics studies and advanced accelerator R&D, which would exploit its unique properties and beam availability. The key element of these considerations is the possible addition of a test beam-delivery system comprising a compact final focus and advanced collimation concepts, scaled from 3 TeV down to low energy and having a short total length. Operational experience, verification of critical questions (octupole tail folding, beam halo transport, etc.), diagnostics (e.g., rf BPMs) and stabilization could all be explored in such a facility, which would benefit not only the CLIC study, but all linear collider projects. Another interesting application would be the study of plasma-beam interaction, which may include plasma focusing, plasma acceleration, ion-channel radiation, and plasma wigglers.

Assmann, R W; Burkhardt, H; Corsini, R; Faus-Golfe, A; Gronberg, J; Redaelli, S; Schulte, Daniel; Velasco, M; Zimmermann, Frank

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

VOLUME 78, NUMBER 16 P H Y S I C A L R E V I E W L E T T E R S 21 APRIL 1997 Electron Acceleration by a Laser Wakefield in a Relativistically Self-Guided Channel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, x-ray lasers, and ultrahigh-gradient electron accelerators [2]. In the latter case, the field by a Laser Wakefield in a Relativistically Self-Guided Channel R. Wagner, S.-Y. Chen, A. Maksimchuk, and D-modulated laser wakefield is discussed. Above a power threshold, a relativistically self-guided channel from

Umstadter, Donald

189

California | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

September 10, 2009 September 10, 2009 EIS-0411: Notice of Cancellation of the Environmental Impact Statement Transmission Agency of Northern California Transmission Project September 4, 2009 EA-1655: Final Environmental Assessment Berkeley Lab Laser Accelerator (BELLA) Laser Acquisition, Installation and Use for Research and Development September 4, 2009 EA-1655: Finding of No Significant Impact The Berkeley Lab Laser Accelerator (BELLA) Laser Acquisition, Installation and Use for Research and Development September 4, 2009 Vice President Biden Announces Finalized $535 Million Loan Guarantee for Solyndra Recovery Act funding will accelerate job creation and help expand marketplace for innovative solar electric panels July 27, 2009 EIS-0403: Notice to Extend Public Comment Period

190

Accelerators, Electrodynamics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Science and Innovation Capabilities Accelerators, Electrodynamics science-innovationassetsimagesicon-science.jpg Accelerators, Electrodynamics National security depends...

191

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

71 - 24280 of 31,917 results. 71 - 24280 of 31,917 results. Page EA-1655: Berkeley Lab Laser Accelerator (BELLA) Laser Acquisition, Installation and Use for Research and Development Berkeley Lab Laser Accelerator (BELLA) Laser Acquisition, Installation and Use for Research and Development http://energy.gov/nepa/ea-1655-berkeley-lab-laser-accelerator-bella-laser-acquisition-installation-and-use-research Page EA-1938: Grieve Unit CO2 Enhanced Recovery Project, Natrona County, WY Grieve Unit CO2 Enhanced Recovery Project, Natrona County, WY http://energy.gov/nepa/ea-1938-grieve-unit-co2-enhanced-recovery-project-natrona-county-wy Page EA-1376: Proposed Construction and Operation of a New Interagency Emergency Operations Center at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM Proposed Construction and Operation of a New Interagency Emergency

192

Accelerator on a Chip: How It Works  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In an advance that could dramatically shrink particle accelerators for science and medicine, researchers used a laser to accelerate electrons at a rate 10 times higher than conventional technology in a nanostructured glass chip smaller than a grain of rice.

None

2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

193

Charge steering of laser plasma accelerated fast ions in a liquid spray — creation of MeV negative ion and neutral atom beams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The scenario of “electron capture and loss” has been recently proposed for the formation of negative ion and neutral atom beams with up to MeV kinetic energy [S. Ter-Avetisyan, et al., Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 051501 (2011)]. Validation of these processes and of their generic nature is here provided in experiments where the ion source and the interaction medium have been spatially separated. Fast positive ions accelerated from a laser plasma source are sent through a cold spray where their charge is changed. Such formed neutral atom or negative ion has nearly the same momentum as the original positive ion. Experiments are released for protons, carbon, and oxygen ions and corresponding beams of negative ions and neutral atoms have been obtained. The electron capture and loss phenomenon is confirmed to be the origin of the negative ion and neutral atom beams. The equilibrium ratios of different charge components and cross sections have been measured. Our method is general and allows the creation of beams of neutral atoms and negative ions for different species which inherit the characteristics of the positive ion source.

Schnürer, M.; Abicht, F.; Priebe, G.; Braenzel, J. [Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy, 12489 Berlin (Germany)] [Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy, 12489 Berlin (Germany); Prasad, R. [Institute for Laser and Plasma Physics, Heinrich Heine University, Duesseldorf 40225 (Germany)] [Institute for Laser and Plasma Physics, Heinrich Heine University, Duesseldorf 40225 (Germany); Borghesi, M. [School of Mathematics and Physics, The Queen's University of Belfast, Belfast BT7 1NN (United Kingdom) [School of Mathematics and Physics, The Queen's University of Belfast, Belfast BT7 1NN (United Kingdom); ELI–Beamlines, Institute of Physics, Czech Academy of Science, 18221 Prague (Czech Republic); Andreev, A. [Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy, 12489 Berlin (Germany) [Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy, 12489 Berlin (Germany); Vavilov State Optical Institute, 119034 St. Petersburg (Russian Federation); Nickles, P. V. [WCU Department of Nanobio Materials and Electronics, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of)] [WCU Department of Nanobio Materials and Electronics, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of); Jequier, S.; Tikhonchuk, V. [Centre Lasers Intenses et Applications, University of Bordeaux, CEA, CNRS, 33405 Talence (France)] [Centre Lasers Intenses et Applications, University of Bordeaux, CEA, CNRS, 33405 Talence (France); Ter-Avetisyan, S. [ELI–Beamlines, Institute of Physics, Czech Academy of Science, 18221 Prague (Czech Republic)] [ELI–Beamlines, Institute of Physics, Czech Academy of Science, 18221 Prague (Czech Republic)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

194

Laser-triggered ion acceleration and table top isotope production Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, 2-11-1, Iwado-kita, Komae-shi,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to accelerate protons and ions for experiments in nuclear physics and for applications in nuclear medicine It was shown that these accelerated protons can induce nuclear transformations.6 In this letter we report acceleration was attributed to the electrostatic field of charge separation due to ``vacuum heating,'' 9

Umstadter, Donald

195

Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The cost, size and availability of electron accelerators is dominated by the achievable accelerating gradient. Conventional high-brightness radio-frequency (RF) accelerating structures operate with 30-50 MeV/m gradients. Electron accelerators driven with optical or infrared sources have demonstrated accelerating gradients orders of magnitude above that achievable with conventional RF structures. However, laser-driven electron accelerators require intense sources and suffer from low bunch charge, sub-micron tolerances and sub-femtosecond timing requirements due to the short wavelength of operation. Here, we demonstrate the first linear acceleration of electrons with keV energy gain using optically-generated terahertz (THz) pulses. THz-driven accelerating structures enable high-gradient electron accelerators with simple accelerating structures, high repetition rates and significant charge per bunch. Increasing the operational frequency of accelerators into the THz band allows for greatly increased accelerating ...

Nanni, Emilio Alessandro; Ravi, Koustuban; Fallahi, Arya; Moriena, Gustavo; Miller, R J Dwayne; Kärtner, Franz X

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

E-Print Network 3.0 - accelerated charged particles Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

"Space charge debunching and compensation in a laser particle acceleration system... Optronics, 2755 Northup Way, Bellevue, WA 98004-1495 Abstract. Laser ... Source: Brookhaven...

197

E-Print Network 3.0 - acceleration measurement system Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

30043. Summary: -stage energy gain and the maximum acceleration distance versus the laser crossing angle, subject to the system... for a laser-driven electron accelerator Y.C....

198

CAP2002b_lasers.ppt  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Babzien Accelerator Test Facility e - 35 81.6 MHz Nd:YAG LINAC LASER LASER CO 2 x RF GUN e - 35 81.6 MHz Nd:YAG LINAC LASER LASER CO 2 x RF GUN Overview *ATF lasers since 2000...

199

Future Accelerators (?)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I describe the future accelerator facilities that are currently foreseen for electroweak scale physics, neutrino physics, and nuclear structure. I will explore the physics justification for these machines, and suggest how the case for future accelerators can be made.

John Womersley

2003-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

200

Linear Accelerator  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Linear Accelerator (LINAC) The core of the LANSCE facility is one of the nation's most powerful proton linear accelerators or LINAC. The LINAC at LANSCE has served the nation since...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "laser accelerator bella" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Recent Advances in Plasma Acceleration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The costs and the time scales of colliders intended to reach the energy frontier are such that it is important to explore new methods of accelerating particles to high energies. Plasma-based accelerators are particularly attractive because they are capable of producing accelerating fields that are orders of magnitude larger than those used in conventional colliders. In these accelerators a drive beam, either laser or particle, produces a plasma wave (wakefield) that accelerates charged particles. The ultimate utility of plasma accelerators will depend on sustaining ultra-high accelerating fields over a substantial length to achieve a significant energy gain. More than 42 GeV energy gain was achieved in an 85 cm long plasma wakefield accelerator driven by a 42 GeV electron drive beam in the Final Focus Test Beam (FFTB) Facility at SLAC. Most of the beam electrons lose energy to the plasma wave, but some electrons in the back of the same beam pulse are accelerated with a field of {approx}52 GV/m. This effectively doubles their energy, producing the energy gain of the 3 km long SLAC accelerator in less than a meter for a small fraction of the electrons in the injected bunch. Prospects for a drive-witness bunch configuration and high-gradient positron acceleration experiments planned for the SABER facility will be discussed.

Hogan, Mark

2007-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

202

Beam Coupling to Optical Scale Accelerating Structures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Current research efforts into structure based laser acceleration of electrons utilize beams from standard RF linacs. These beams must be coupled into very small structures with transverse dimensions comparable to the laser wavelength. To obtain decent transmission, a permanent magnet quadrupole (PMQ) triplet with a focusing gradient of 560 T/m is used to focus into the structure. Also of interest is the induced wakefield from the structure, useful for diagnosing potential accelerator structures or as novel radiation sources.

Sears, C.M.; Byer, R.L.; Colby, E.R.; Cowan, B.M.; Ischebeck, R.; Lincoln, M.R.; Siemann, R.H.; Spencer, J.E.; /SLAC; Plettner, T.; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.

2007-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

203

Beam Coupling to Optical Scale Accelerating Structures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Current research efforts into structure based laser acceleration of electrons utilize beams from standard RF linacs. These beams must be coupled into very small structures with transverse dimensions comparable to the laser wavelength. To obtain decent transmission, a permanent magnet quadrupole (PMQ) triplet with a focusing gradient of 560 T/m is used to focus into the structure. Also of interest is the induced wakefield from the structure, useful for diagnosing potential accelerator structures or as novel radiation sources.

Sears, Christopher M. S.; Colby, Eric R.; Cowan, Benjamin M.; Ischebeck, Rasmus; Lincoln, Melissa R.; Siemann, Robert H.; Spencer, James E. [Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Menlo Park, CA 94025 (United States); Byer, Robert L.; Plettner, Tomas [Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States)

2006-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

204

Acceleration Fund  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for these Venture Acceleration Fund awards, which have already produced a significant return on investment for the regional companies that have received them," said Padilla....

205

EA-1655: Final Environmental Assessment | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

5: Final Environmental Assessment 5: Final Environmental Assessment EA-1655: Final Environmental Assessment Berkeley Lab Laser Accelerator (BELLA) Laser Acquisition, Installation and Use for Research and Development The Proposed Action would create and operate an experimental facility for further advancing the development of laser-driven, plasma-based, particle beam accelerators. An existing, approximately 7,000-square-foot, accelerator laboratory area inside Building 71 at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) would be modified to accommodate the new facility. Environmental Assessment for the Berkeley Lab Laser Accelerator (BELLA) Laser Acquisition, Installation and Use for Research and Development, DOE/EA-1655 (September 2009) More Documents & Publications EA-1655: Finding of No Significant Impact

206

Laser Cosmology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent years have seen tremendous progress in our understanding of the cosmos, which in turn points to even deeper questions to be further addressed. Concurrently the laser technology has undergone dramatic revolutions, providing exciting opportunity for science applications. History has shown that the symbiosis between direct observations and laboratory investigation is instrumental in the progress of astrophysics. We believe that this remains true in cosmology. Current frontier phenomena related to particle astrophysics and cosmology typically involve one or more of the following conditions: (1) extremely high energy events; (2) very high density, high temperature processes; (3) super strong field environments. Laboratory experiments using high intensity lasers can calibrate astrophysical observations, investigate underlying dynamics of astrophysical phenomena, and probe fundamental physics in extreme limits. In this article we give an overview of the exciting prospect of laser cosmology. In particular, we showcase its unique capability of investigating frontier cosmology issues such as cosmic accelerator and quantum gravity.

Pisin Chen

2014-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

207

New Laser's "First Light" Shatters Record | Jefferson...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

National Accelerator Facility have delivered first light from their Free Electron Laser (FEL). Only 2 years after ground was broken for the FEL, infrared light of more than...

208

Laser Roadshow  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

outreach Laser Roadshow The NIF Laser Roadshow includes a number of interactive laser demonstrations (Laser Light Fountain, Laser DJ, and NIF "3D ride") that have traveled across...

209

Circular free-electron laser  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high efficiency, free electron laser utilizing a circular relativistic electron beam accelerator and a circular whispering mode optical waveguide for guiding optical energy in a circular path in the circular relativistic electron beam accelerator such that the circular relativistic electron beam and the optical energy are spatially contiguous in a resonant condition for free electron laser operation. Both a betatron and synchrotron are disclosed for use in the present invention. A free electron laser wiggler is disposed around the circular relativistic electron beam accelerator for generating a periodic magnetic field to transform energy from the circular relativistic electron beam to optical energy.

Brau, Charles A. (Los Alamos, NM); Kurnit, Norman A. (Santa Fe, NM); Cooper, Richard K. (Los Alamos, NM)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Environment/Health/Safety Division: News  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

8.2.2013 8.2.2013 Bringing One-of-A-Kind Laser Accelerator Online A two-part series follows the Environment/Health/Safety (EHS) Division as a partner on the BELLA project from before its green light in 2009, to a record of one petawatt of peak power, to final approval in early 2013. MEDIA Laser bay image of workers testing equipment photo of laser equipment inoperation It isn't often when a review team makes its way up the hill to inspect and give its blessing on a new accelerator. The last time was in 1993 when the Advanced Light Source started hurtling electrons at just under the speed of light. An accelerator readiness review team - comprised of experts from Berkeley Lab, SLAC, and Argonne - made the trek to Building 71 last December to put their stamp of approval on the Berkeley Lab Laser Accelerator (BELLA).

211

Accelerate Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

the next year, the U.S. Department of Energy, the Council on Competitiveness and the Alliance to Save Energy will join forces to undertake Accelerate Energy Productivity 2030 - an...

212

Combination free electron and gaseous laser  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A multiple laser having one or more gaseous laser stages and one or more free electron stages. Each of the free electron laser stages is sequentially pumped by a microwave linear accelerator. Subsequently, the electron beam is directed through a gaseous laser, in the preferred embodiment, and in an alternative embodiment, through a microwave accelerator to lower the energy level of the electron beam to pump one or more gaseous lasers. The combination laser provides high pulse repetition frequencies, on the order of 1 kHz or greater, high power capability, high efficiency, and tunability in the synchronous production of multiple beams of coherent optical radiation.

Brau, Charles A. (Los Alamos, NM); Rockwood, Stephen D. (Los Alamos, NM); Stein, William E. (Los Alamos, NM)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

SciTech Connect: Compact X-ray Free Electron Laser from a Laser...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Gradient Undulator Compact laser-plasma accelerators can produce high energy electron beams with low emittance, high peak current but a rather large energy spread. The large...

214

Accelerated Testing Validation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the University of California. Accelerated Testing Validationmaterials requires relevant Accelerated Stress Tests (ASTs),

Mukundan, Rangachary

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Pulse - Accelerator Science in Medicine  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

t he future of accelerator physics isnĀ’t just for physicists. As in the past, tomorrowĀ’s discoveries in particle accelerator science may lead to unexpected applications for medical diagnosis, healing and the understanding of human biology. t he future of accelerator physics isnĀ’t just for physicists. As in the past, tomorrowĀ’s discoveries in particle accelerator science may lead to unexpected applications for medical diagnosis, healing and the understanding of human biology. Breakthroughs in the technology of superconducting magnets, nanometer beams, laser instrumentation and information technology will give high-energy physicists new accelerators to explore the deepest secrets of the universe: the ultimate structure of matter and the nature of space and time. But breakthroughs in accelerator science may do more than advance the exploration of particles and forces. No field of science is an island. Physics, astronomy, chemistry, biology, medicineĀ— all interact in the continuing human endeavor to explore and understand our world and ourselves. Research at high-energy physics laboratories will lead to the next generation of particle acceleratorsĀ—and perhaps to new tools for medical science.

216

Plasma-based Accelerator with Magnetic Compression  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electron dephasing is a major gain-inhibiting effect in plasma-based accelerators. A novel method is proposed to overcome dephasing, in which the modulation of a modest (#24; O(10 kG)), axial, uniform magnetic field in the acceleration channel leads to densification of the plasma through magnetic compression, enabling direct, time-resolved control of the plasma wave properties. The methodology is broadly applicable and can be optimized to improve the leading acceleration approaches, including plasma beat-wave, plasma wakefield, and laser wakefield acceleration. The advantages of magnetic compression compared to other proposed schemes to overcome dephasing are identified.

Paul F. Schmit and Nathaniel J. Fisch

2012-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

217

Application Acceleration  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Acceleration Acceleration on Current and Future Cray Platforms Alice Koniges, Robert Preissl, Jihan Kim, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory David Eder, Aaron Fisher, Nathan Masters, Velimir Mlaker, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Stephane Ethier, Weixing Wang, Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory Martin Head-Gordon, University of California, Berkeley and Nathan Wichmann, Cray Inc. ABSTRACT: Application codes in a variety of areas are being updated for performance on the latest architectures. We describe current bottlenecks and performance improvement areas for applications including plasma physics, chemistry related to carbon capture and sequestration, and material science. We include a variety of methods including advanced hybrid parallelization using multi-threaded MPI, GPU acceleration, libraries and auto- parallelization compilers. KEYWORDS: hybrid

218

Laser Ignition  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Laser Ignition Laser Ignition A first excitation laser or other excitation light source is used in tandem with an ignitor laser to provide a compact, durable, engine deployable...

219

About Accelerators | Jefferson Lab  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Accelerator Brochure top-right bottom-left-corner bottom-right-corner About Accelerators Jefferson Lab is home to two superconducting radiofrequency accelerators: the...

220

GPU accelerated cardiac electrophysiology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF THE THESIS GPU Accelerated Cardiac Electrophysiology bySAN DIEGO GPU Accelerated Cardiac Electrophysiology A thesistoolkit for developing GPU accelerated programs called CUDA,

Lionetti, Fred

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "laser accelerator bella" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

E-Print Network 3.0 - accelerated numerical method Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

feature sizes, and scaling from S- and X-band accelerators and from numerical models the dimensional... HR HR TIR TIR Figure 1: Schematic of a crossed laser beam accelerator.2 The...

222

Laser wakefield simulation using a speed-of-light frame envelope model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laser wake?eld simulation using a speed-of-light frameAbstract. Simulation of laser wake?eld accelerator (LWFA)extend hundreds of laser wave- lengths transversely and many

Cowan, B.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

E-Print Network 3.0 - accelerators devices Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

| VOL 5 | OCTOBER 2011 | www.nature.comnaturephotonics news & views Summary: such laser-driven accelerators are relatively new devices, they have already demonstrated the...

224

E-Print Network 3.0 - acceleration foran electron Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Physics and Fusion ; Physics 10 The Application of Radiation and Particle Beams from Laser Plasma Wakefield Accelerators to Oncology Summary: to recent improvements in...

225

E-Print Network 3.0 - accelerator beam transport Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

line to match... -power electromagnetic radiation and high- brightness electron beams, including laser acceleration of electrons and Free... transport lines to match the...

226

E-Print Network 3.0 - accelerator applications university Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

university Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 The Application of Radiation and Particle Beams from Laser Plasma Wakefield Accelerators to Oncology Summary: The Application of...

227

Electron Acceleration Experiments by Using a Density-tapered Capillary Plasma Source  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have developed a density-tapered capillary plasma source for high energy electron generation by using the laser wakefield acceleration, where the dephasing problem will be...

Suk, Hyyong; Nam, Inhyuk; Kim, Minseok; Lee, Seungwoo; Lee, Taehee

228

Fermilab | Illinois Accelerator Research Center | Accelerators...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Accelerators and Society Physicists have been inventing new types of accelerators to propel charged particles to higher and higher energies for more than 80 years. Today, besides...

229

Enhanced dielectric-wall linear accelerator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A dielectric-wall linear accelerator is enhanced by a high-voltage, fast e-time switch that includes a pair of electrodes between which are laminated alternating layers of isolated conductors and insulators. A high voltage is placed between the electrodes sufficient to stress the voltage breakdown of the insulator on command. A light trigger, such as a laser, is focused along at least one line along the edge surface of the laminated alternating layers of isolated conductors and insulators extending between the electrodes. The laser is energized to initiate a surface breakdown by a fluence of photons, thus causing the electrical switch to close very promptly. Such insulators and lasers are incorporated in a dielectric wall linear accelerator with Blumlein modules, and phasing is controlled by adjusting the length of fiber optic cables that carry the laser light to the insulator surface. 6 figs.

Sampayan, S.E.; Caporaso, G.J.; Kirbie, H.C.

1998-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

230

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Useful Links Useful Links Argonne National Laboratory Accelerator Sites Conferences Advanced Photon Source (APS) Argonne Wakefield Accelerator (AWA) Argonne Tandem Linear Accelerator System (ATLAS) High Energy Physics Division RIA (????) Link to JACoW (Joint Accelerator Conferences Website) Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory Fermilab-Argonne Collaboration Accelerator Physics Center Workshops Other Accelerator Institutes Energy Recovering Linacs Center for Advance Studies of Accelerators (Jefferson Labs) Center for Beam Physics (LBNL) Accelerator Test Facility (BNL) The Cockcroft Institute (Daresbury, UK) John Adams Institute (Rutherford, UK) ERL2009 to be held at Cornell ERL2007 ERL2005 DOE Laboratory with Accelerators Fermilab Stanford Linear Accelerator Center Brookhaven National Laboratory

231

Tunable Laser Reaches Record Power Level | Jefferson Lab  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tunable Laser Reaches Record Power Level July 20, 1999 Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (Jefferson Lab) have produced...

232

Jefferson Lab Laser Twinkles in Rare Color | Jefferson Lab  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Laser Twinkles in Rare Color NEWPORT NEWS, VA, Dec. 21 - December is a time for twinkling lights, and scientists at the Department of Energy's Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator...

233

Apparatus for the Laser Ablative Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Apparatus for the Laser Ablative Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility Contact TJNAF About This Technology Technology Marketing SummaryThis...

234

Jefferson Lab's upgraded Free-Electron Laser produces first ligh...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

upgraded Free-Electron Laser produces first light June 18, 2003 Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility have produced first...

235

High-power, high-intensity laser propagation and interactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents overviews of a number of processes and applications associated with high-power, high-intensity lasers, and their interactions. These processes and applications include: free electron lasers, backward Raman amplification, atmospheric propagation of laser pulses, laser driven acceleration, atmospheric lasing, and remote detection of radioactivity. The interrelated physical mechanisms in the various processes are discussed.

Sprangle, Phillip [Plasma Physics Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 (United States); Electrical and Computer Engineering and Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20740 (United States); Hafizi, Bahman [Plasma Physics Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 (United States)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

236

Chemical Accelerators The phrase "chemical accelerators"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Meetings Chemical Accelerators The phrase "chemical accelerators" is scarcely older than for one or two dozen people grew to include nearly a hundred. Chemical accelerators is a name sug- gested-volt region. Thus chemical accelerators can provide the same type of information for elemen- tary chemical

Zare, Richard N.

237

Accelerating Solutions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Solutions From vehicles on the road to the energy that powers them, Oak Ridge National Laboratory innovations are advancing American transportation. Oak Ridge National Laboratory is making an impact on everyday America by enhancing transportation choices and quality of life. Through strong collaborative partnerships with industry, ORNL research and development efforts are helping accelerate the deployment of a new generation of energy efficient vehicles powered by domestic, renewable, clean energy. EPA ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel rule ORNL and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory co-led a comprehensive research and test program to determine the effects of diesel fuel sulfur on emissions and emission control (catalyst) technology. In the course of this program, involving

238

Accelerating projects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This chapter describes work at ORNL in the period around 1950, when the laboratory was evolving from its original mission of research aimed at producing the atomic bomb, to a new mission, which in many ways was unclear. The research division from Y-12 merged with the laboratory, which gave an increased work force, access to a wide array of equipment, and the opportunity to work on a number of projects related to nuclear propulsion. The first major project was for a nuclear aircraft. From work on this program, a good share of the laboratories work in peaceful application of nuclear energy would spring. A major concern was the development of light weight shielding to protect the crew and materials in such a plane. To do such shielding work, the laboratory employed existing, and new reactors. The original plans called for the transfer of reactor work to Argonne, but because of their own research load, and the needs of the lab, new reactor projects were started at the lab. They included the Low Intensity Test Reactor, the Swimming Pool Reactor, the Bulk Shielding Reactor, the Tower Shielding Facility, and others. The laboratory was able to extend early work on calutrons to accelerator development, pursuing both electrostatic accelerators and cyclotrons. The aircraft project also drove the need for immense quantities of scientific data, with rapid analysis, which resulted the development of divisions aimed at information support and calculational support. The laboratory also expanded its work in the effects of radiation and cells and biological systems, as well as in health physics.

Not Available

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Prospects for all-optical ultrafast muon acceleration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A scheme for fast, compact, and controllable acceleration of heavy particles in vacuum has been recently proposed [F. Peano et al., New J. Phys. 10 033028 (2008)], wherein two counterpropagating laser beams with variable frequencies drive a beat-wave structure with variable phase velocity, leading to particle trapping and acceleration. The technique allows for fine control over the energy distribution and the total charge of the accelerated beam, to be obtained via tuning of the frequency variation. Here, the theoretical bases of the acceleration scheme are described, and the possibility of applications to ultrafast muon acceleration and to the prompt extraction of cold-muon beams is discussed.

Peano, F; Mulas, R; Coppa, G; Bingham, R; Silva, L O

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Community Petascale Project for Accelerator Science and Simulation: Advancing Computational Science for Future Accelerators and Accelerator Technologies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The design and performance optimization of particle accelerators are essential for the success of the DOE scientific program in the next decade. Particle accelerators are very complex systems whose accurate description involves a large number of degrees of freedom and requires the inclusion of many physics processes. Building on the success of the SciDAC-1 Accelerator Science and Technology project, the SciDAC-2 Community Petascale Project for Accelerator Science and Simulation (ComPASS) is developing a comprehensive set of interoperable components for beam dynamics, electromagnetics, electron cooling, and laser/plasma acceleration modelling. ComPASS is providing accelerator scientists the tools required to enable the necessary accelerator simulation paradigm shift from high-fidelity single physics process modeling (covered under SciDAC1) to high-fidelity multiphysics modeling. Our computational frameworks have been used to model the behavior of a large number of accelerators and accelerator R&D experiments, assisting both their design and performance optimization. As parallel computational applications, the ComPASS codes have been shown to make effective use of thousands of processors. ComPASS is in the first year of executing its plan to develop the next-generation HPC accelerator modeling tools. ComPASS aims to develop an integrated simulation environment that will utilize existing and new accelerator physics modules with petascale capabilities, by employing modern computing and solver technologies. The ComPASS vision is to deliver to accelerator scientists a virtual accelerator and virtual prototyping modeling environment, with the necessary multiphysics, multiscale capabilities. The plan for this development includes delivering accelerator modeling applications appropriate for each stage of the ComPASS software evolution. Such applications are already being used to address challenging problems in accelerator design and optimization. The ComPASS organization for software development and applications accounts for the natural domain areas (beam dynamics, electromagnetics, and advanced acceleration), and all areas depend on the enabling technologies activities, such as solvers and component technology, to deliver the desired performance and integrated simulation environment. The ComPASS applications focus on computationally challenging problems important for design or performance optimization to all major HEP, NP, and BES accelerator facilities. With the cost and complexity of particle accelerators rising, the use of computation to optimize their designs and find improved operating regimes becomes essential, potentially leading to significant cost savings with modest investment.

Spentzouris, P.; /Fermilab; Cary, J.; /Tech-X, Boulder; McInnes, L.C.; /Argonne; Mori, W.; /UCLA; Ng, C.; /SLAC; Ng, E.; Ryne, R.; /LBL, Berkeley

2011-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "laser accelerator bella" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Teleportation of Accelerated Information  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A theoretical quantum teleportation protocal is suggested to teleport accelerated and non-accelerated information over different classes of accelerated quantum channels. For the accelerated information, it is shown that the fidelity of the teleported state increases as the entanglement of the initial quantum channel increases. However as the difference between the accelerated channel and the accelerated information decreases the fidelity increases. The fidelity of the non accelerated information increases as the entanglement of the initial quantum channel increases, while the accelerations of the quantum channel has a little effect. The possibility of sending quantum information over accelerated quantum channels is much better than sending classical information.

N. Metwally

2012-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

242

Charge Diagnostics for Laser Plasma Accelerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

dataset, and the slope (conversion factor) is shown in thedependence of the conversion factor is shown in Fig. 2 (e).by the circles are the conversion factors, and by the error

Nakamura, K.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Laser Cladding  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Laser cladding is a surface modification process in which a laser beam is used to melt an addition ... process must be clearly differentiated from that of laser surface alloying ( Laser Surface Al...

Prof. Dr. José L. Ocańa; Prof. Janez Grum

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

for sequence accelerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wynn's -algorithm for sequence accelerators using high precision arithmetic Rachel Baumann University of Arizona Wynn's -algorithm for sequence accelerators using high precision arithmetic Rachel Baumann University of Arizona April 17, 2012 #12;Wynn's -algorithm for sequence accelerators using high

Zakharov, Vladimir

245

COLLECTIVE PHENOMENA IN ACCELERATORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proc. 1971 Particle Accelerator Conference, IEEE Trans. onConference on High-Energy Accelerators) 1971 (CERN, Geneva,and P. R. Zenkevich, Particle Accelerators b 1 (1972). M. S.

Sessler, Andrew M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

High-Current Accelerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

F i g . 13 F i g . 14 A 48 ACCELERATOR F i g . 25 F i g . 16supply. Extrapolation of accelerator energy and current9 . A-48 high-current accelerator, low-velocity end. Fig.

Lawrence, Ernest O.

1955-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

2009_1112 HPC requirements workshop.pptx  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

simulation of laser wakefield simulation of laser wakefield particle acceleration - M558 C.G.R. Geddes (M558 lead) LOASIS program, LBNL , http://loasis.lbl.gov W.P. Leemans, Program head; E. Esarey deputy & theory head C. Benedetti, M. Chen, E. Cormier-Michel, E. Esarey, C.B. Schroeder Tech-X, http://www.txcorp.com D.L. Bruhwiler, J.R. Cary, B.M. Cowan, C. Nieter, K. Paul, V. Ranjabar Oxford W. Andreas, S. Bajlekov, N. Bourgeois, T. Ibbotson, S.M. Hooker 1 1 NA-22/Nonproliferation R&D *cgrgeddes@lbl.gov Simulations support LOASIS experiments and BELLA design Outline ļ‚§ BELLA project + collaborators: High gradient laser - plasma accelerators ļ‚§ Quantitative modeling of self-trapped low Ī”E experiments 1 using new numerics 2 ļ‚§ Physics of controlled trapping for low momentum spread bunches: downramp

248

SLAC low emittance accelerator test facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

SLAC is proposing to build a new Accelerator Test Facility (ATF) capable of producing a 50 MeV electron beam with an extremely low geometric tranverse emittance (1.5 x 10/sup -10/ rad.m) for the purpose of testing new methods of acceleration. The low emittance will be achieved by assembling a linear accelerator using one standard SLAC three-meter section and a 400 kV electron gun with a very small photocathode (40 microns in diameter). The photocathode will be illuminated from the back by short bursts (on the order of 6 ps) of visible laser light which will produce bunches of about 10/sup 5/ electrons. Higher currents could be obtained by illuminating the cathode from the front. The gun will be mounted directly against the accelerator section. Calculations show that in the absence of an rf buncher, injection of these 400 keV small radius electron bunches roughly 30/sup 0/ ahead of crest produces negligible transverse emittance growth due to radial rf forces. Acceleration of the electrons up to 50 MeV followed by collimation, energy slits and focusing will provide a 3.2 mm long waist of under 1.5 ..mu..m in diameter where laser acceleration and other techniques can be tested.

Loew, G.A.; Miller, R.H.; Sinclair, C.K.

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Investigations of the plasma and structure based accelerators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of our research during the reported period was three-fold: (a) theoretical investigation of novel mechanisms of injection into laser wake field accelerators; (b) theoretical investigation of single-shot frequency domain diagnostics of relativistic plasma wakes, specifically in the context of spatio-temporal evolution of the Ć?Ā¢Ć?Ā?Ć?Ā?plasma bubbleĆ?Ā¢Ć?Ā?Ć?Ā¯;(c) experimental and theoretical investigation of laser-driven accelerating structure, specifically in the context of the Surface Wave Accelerator Based on SiC (SWABSIC).

Shvets, Gennady

2012-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

250

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AAI Home AAI Home Welcome Accelerators at Argonne Mission Organization History Document Collection Conferences & Workshops Beams and Applications Seminar Argonne-Fermilab Collaboration Lee Teng Scholarship Program Useful Links Argonne Accelerator Institute In 2006, Argonne Laboratory Director Robert Rosner formed the AAI as a focal point for accelerator initiatives. The institute works to utilize Argonne's extensive accelerator resources, to enhance existing facilities, to determine the future of accelerator development and construction, and to oversee a dynamic and acclaimed accelerator physics portfolio. More Information for: Members * Students Industrial Collaborators - Working with Argonne Link to: Accelerators for America's Future Upcoming Events and News 4th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC'13)

251

Fermilab | Science | Particle Accelerators  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Particle Accelerators Main Injector As America's particle physics laboratory, Fermilab operates and builds powerful particle accelerators for investigating the smallest things...

252

Focusing in Linear Accelerators  

DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

Review of the theory of focusing in linear accelerators with comments on the incompatibility of phase stability and first-order focusing in a simple accelerator.

McMillan, E. M.

1950-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

253

Lab announces Venture Acceleration  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Inc., and ThermaSun Inc. as recipients of awards from the Los Alamos National Security, LLC Venture Acceleration Fund. The Laboratory's Venture Acceleration Fund provides...

254

Accelerator experiments contradicting general relativity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The deflection of gamma-rays in Earth's gravitational field is tested in laser Compton scattering at high energy accelerators. Within a formalism connecting the bending angle to the photon's momentum it follows that detected gamma-ray spectra are inconsistent with a deflection magnitude of 2.78 nrad, predicted by Einstein's gravity theory. Moreover, preliminary results for 13-28 GeV photons from two different laboratories show opposite - away from the Earth - deflection, amounting to 33.8-0.8 prad. I conclude that general relativity, which describes gravity at low energies precisely, break down at high energies.

Vahagn Gharibyan

2014-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

255

I. ACCELERATION A. Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I. ACCELERATION A. Introduction Following cooling and initial bunch compression, the beams must be rapidly accelerated. The acceleration needed for a Higgs collider is probably the most conventional part undertaken. A sequence of linacs would work, but would be expensive. Some form of circulating acceleration

McDonald, Kirk

256

Rf Feedback free electron laser  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A free electron laser system and electron beam system for a free electron laser which use rf feedback to enhance efficiency. Rf energy is extracted from an electron beam by decelerating cavities and returned to accelerating cavities using rf returns such as rf waveguides, rf feedthroughs, etc. This rf energy is added to rf klystron energy to lower the required input energy and thereby enhance energy efficiency of the system.

Brau, Charles A. (Los Alamos, NM); Swenson, Donald A. (Los Alamos, NM); Boyd, Jr., Thomas J. (Los Alamos, NM)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Engineering Prototype for a Compact Medical Dielectric Wall Accelerator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A compact accelerator system architecture based on the dielectric wall accelerator (DWA) for medical proton beam therapy has been developed by the Compact Particle Acceleration Corporation (CPAC). The major subsystems are a Radio Frequency Quadrupole (RFQ) injector linac a pulsed kicker to select the desired proton bunches and a DWA linear accelerator incorporating a high gradient insulator (HGI) with stacked Blumleins to produce the required acceleration energy. The Blumleins are switched with solid state laser?driven optical switches integrated into the Blumlein assemblies. Other subsystems include a high power pulsed laser fiber optic distribution system electrical charging system and beam diagnostics. An engineering prototype has been constructed and characterized and these results will be used within the next three years to develop an extremely compact 150 MeV system capable of modulating energy beam current and spot size on a shot?to?shot basis. This paper presents the details the engineering prototype experimental results and commercialization plans.

Anthony Zografos; Andy Hening; Vladimir Joshkin; Kevin Leung; Dave Pearson; Henry Pearce?Percy; Mario Rougieri; Yoko Parker; John Weir; Donald Blackfield; Yu?Jiuan Chen; Steven Falabella; Gary Guethlein; Brian Poole; Robert W. Hamm; Reinard Becker

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Superconducting Radiofrequency (SRF) Accelerator Cavities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Charlie Reece, an accelerator technology scientist, explains how superconducting radiofrequency accelerator cavities work.

Reece, Charlie

2013-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

259

Superconducting Radiofrequency (SRF) Accelerator Cavities  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Charlie Reece, an accelerator technology scientist, explains how superconducting radiofrequency accelerator cavities work.

Reece, Charlie

2014-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

260

Fermilab | Illinois Accelerator Research Center | Illinois Accelerator  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

photo: IARC photo: IARC As envisioned, the Illinois Accelerator Research Center will provide approximately 83,000 square feet of technical, office and classroom space for scientists and industrial partners. The Illinois Accelerator Research Center (IARC) is a new accelerator research facility being built at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. At the Illinois Accelerator Research Center, scientists and engineers from Fermilab, Argonne and Illinois universities will work side by side with industrial partners to research and develop breakthroughs in accelerator science and translate them into applications for the nation's health, wealth and security. Located on the Fermilab campus this 83,000 square foot, state-of-the-art facility will house offices, technical and educational space to study

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "laser accelerator bella" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Production, Characterization, and Acceleration of Optical Microbunches  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Optical microbunches with a spacing of 800 nm have been produced for laser acceleration research. The microbunches are produced using a inverse Free-Electron-Laser (IFEL) followed by a dispersive chicane. The microbunched electron beam is characterized by coherent optical transition radiation (COTR) with good agreement to the analytic theory for bunch formation. In a second experiment the bunches are accelerated in a second stage to achieve for the first time direct net acceleration of electrons traveling in a vacuum with visible light. This dissertation presents the theory of microbunch formation and characterization of the microbunches. It also presents the design of the experimental hardware from magnetostatic and particle tracking simulations, to fabrication and measurement of the undulator and chicane magnets. Finally, the dissertation discusses three experiments aimed at demonstrating the IFEL interaction, microbunch production, and the net acceleration of the microbunched beam. At the close of the dissertation, a separate but related research effort on the tight focusing of electrons for coupling into optical scale, Photonic Bandgap, structures is presented. This includes the design and fabrication of a strong focusing permanent magnet quadrupole triplet and an outline of an initial experiment using the triplet to observe wakefields generated by an electron beam passing through an optical scale accelerator.

Sears, Christopher M.S.; /Stanford U. /SLAC

2008-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

262

Free electron laser  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high gain, single-pass free electron laser formed of a high brilliance electron injector source, a linear accelerator which imparts high energy to the electron beam, and an undulator capable of extremely high magnetic fields, yet with a very short period. The electron injector source is the first stage (gap) of the linear accelerator or a radial line transformer driven by fast circular switch. The linear accelerator is formed of a plurality of accelerating gaps arranged in series. These gaps are energized in sequence by releasing a single pulse of energy which propagates simultaneously along a plurality of transmission lines, each of which feeds the gaps. The transmission lines are graduated in length so that pulse power is present at each gap as the accelerated electrons pass therethrough. The transmission lines for each gap are open circuited at their ends. The undualtor has a structure similar to the accelerator, except that the transmission lines for each gap are substantially short circuited at their ends, thus converting the electric field into magnetic field. A small amount of resistance is retained in order to generate a small electric field for replenishing the electron bunch with the energy lost as it traverses through the undulator structure.

Villa, Francesco (Alameda, CA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Application of Plasma Waveguides to High Energy Accelerators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The eventual success of laser-plasma based acceleration schemes for high-energy particle physics will require the focusing and stable guiding of short intense laser pulses in reproducible plasma channels. For this goal to be realized, many scientific issues need to be addressed. These issues include an understanding of the basic physics of, and an exploration of various schemes for, plasma channel formation. In addition, the coupling of intense laser pulses to these channels and the stable propagation of pulses in the channels require study. Finally, new theoretical and computational tools need to be developed to aid in the design and analysis of experiments and future accelerators. Here we propose a 3-year renewal of our combined theoretical and experimental program on the applications of plasma waveguides to high-energy accelerators. During the past grant period we have made a number of significant advances in the science of laser-plasma based acceleration. We pioneered the development of clustered gases as a new highly efficient medium for plasma channel formation. Our contributions here include theoretical and experimental studies of the physics of cluster ionization, heating, explosion, and channel formation. We have demonstrated for the first time the generation of and guiding in a corrugated plasma waveguide. The fine structure demonstrated in these guides is only possible with cluster jet heating by lasers. The corrugated guide is a slow wave structure operable at arbitrarily high laser intensities, allowing direct laser acceleration, a process we have explored in detail with simulations. The development of these guides opens the possibility of direct laser acceleration, a true miniature analogue of the SLAC RF-based accelerator. Our theoretical studies during this period have also contributed to the further development of the simulation codes, Wake and QuickPIC, which can be used for both laser driven and beam driven plasma based acceleration schemes. We will continue our development of advanced simulation tools by modifying the QuickPIC algorithm to allow for the simulation of plasma particle pick-up by the wake fields. We have also performed extensive simulations of plasma slow wave structures for efficient THz generation by guided laser beams or accelerated electron beams. We will pursue experimental studies of direct laser acceleration, and THz generation by two methods, ponderomotive-induced THz polarization, and THz radiation by laser accelerated electron beams. We also plan to study both conventional and corrugated plasma channels using our new 30 TW in our new lab facilities. We will investigate production of very long hydrogen plasma waveguides (5 cm). We will study guiding at increasing power levels through the onset of laser-induced cavitation (bubble regime) to assess the role played by the preformed channel. Experiments in direct acceleration will be performed, using laser plasma wakefields as the electron injector. Finally, we will use 2-colour ionization of gases as a high frequency THz source (<60 THz) in order for femtosecond measurements of low plasma densities in waveguides and beams.

Milchberg, Howard M

2013-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

264

Fermilab | Science | Particle Accelerators | Fermilab's Accelerator...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

It produces the world's most powerful, high-energy neutrino beam and provides proton beams for various experiments and R&D programs. Fermilab's accelerator complex delivers...

265

Fermilab | Science | Particle Accelerators | Leading Accelerator...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Fermilab scientists and engineers develop particle accelerators to produce beams to take particle physics to the next level, collaborating with scientists and...

266

Laser Ignition  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Laser Ignition Laser Ignition Laser Ignition A first excitation laser or other excitation light source is used in tandem with an ignitor laser to provide a compact, durable, engine deployable fuel ignition laser system. Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email Laser Ignition A first excitation laser or other excitation light source is used in tandem with an ignitor laser to provide a compact, durable, engine deployable fuel ignition laser system. Reliable fuel ignition is provided over a wide range of fuel conditions by using a single remote excitation light source for one or more small lasers located proximate to one or more fuel combustion zones. In two embodiments the beam from the excitation light source is split with a portion of it going to the ignitor laser and a second portion

267

Chaotic dynamics in accelerator physics. Progress report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Substantial progress was in several areas of accelerator dynamics. For developing understanding of longitudinal adiabatic dynamics, and for creating efficiency enhancements of recirculating free-electron lasers, was substantially completed. A computer code for analyzing the critical KAM tori that bound the dynamic aperture in circular machines was developed. Studies of modes that arise due to the interaction of coating beams with a narrow-spectrum impedance have begun. During this research educational and research ties with the accelerator community at large have been strengthened.

Cary, J.R.

1992-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

268

Hollow screw like drill in plasma using an intense Laguerre Gaussian laser  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With the development of ultra intense laser technology, MeV ions from the laser foil interaction have been obtained by different mechanisms, such as target normal sheath acceleration, radiation pressure acceleration, collisionless shock acceleration, breakout afterburner, and a combination of different mechanisms. These energetic ion beams can be applied in fast ignition for inertial confinement fusion, medical therapy, and proton imaging. However, these ions are mainly accelerated in the laser propagation direction, and the ion acceleration in an azimuthal orientation is scarcely mentioned. Here, a doughnut Laguerre Gaussian LG laser is used for the first time to study the laser plasma interaction in the relativistic intensity regime in three dimensional particle in cell simulations. Studies have shown that a novel rotation of the plasma is produced from the hollow screw like drill of a LG mode laser. The angular momentum of the protons in the longitudinal direction produced by the LG laser is remarkably enh...

Wang, Wenpeng; Zhang, Xiaomei; Zhang, Lingang; Shi, Yin; Xu, Zhizhan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Research and Development Research and Development Click to download a PDF version of this document. PDF Focus Research Areas Fundamental Accelerator Physics: Theory Importance Accelerator physics research is normally associated with specific accelerator projects. As a scientific discipline, however, it is useful to study fundamental accelerator phenomena decoupled, as much as possible, from specific project aspects. Pursuit of fundamental accelerator physics in this sense has contributed significantly to the advance of the accelerator physics knowledgebase during the last several decades, clarifying the limitations and suggesting ways to overcome those limitations. Such basic research tends to be discouraged in a project-driven environment. For sustained and significant progress in

270

Fundamental physics on natures of the macroscopic vacuum under high intense electromagnetic fields with accelerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High intense electromagnetic fields can be unique probes to study natures of macroscopic vacua by themselves. Combining accelerators with the intense field can provide more fruitful probes which can neither be achieved by only intense fields nor only high energy accelerators. We will overview the natures of vacua which can be accessible via intense laser-laser and intense laser-electron interactions. In the case of the laser-laser interaction, we propose how to observe nonlinear QED effects and effects of new fields like light scalar and pseudo scalar fields which may contribute to a macroscopic nature of our universe such as dark energy. In the case of the laser-electron interaction, in addition to nonlinear QED effects, we can further discuss the nature of accelerating field in the vacuum where we can access physics related with event horizons such as Hawking-Unruh radiations. We will introduce a recent experimental trial to search for this kind of odd radiations.

Kensuke Homma

2009-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

271

RHIC | Accelerator Complex  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

RHIC Accelerators RHIC Accelerators The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider complex is actually composed of a long "chain" of particle accelerators Heavy ions begin their travels in the Electron Beam Ion Source accelerator (1). The ions then travel to the small, circular Booster (3) where, with each pass, they are accelerated to higher energy. From the Booster, ions travel to the Alternating Gradient Synchrotron (4), which then injects the beams via a beamline (5) into the two rings of RHIC (6). In RHIC, the beams get a final accelerator "kick up" in energy from radio waves. Once accelerated, the ions can "orbit" inside the rings for hours. RHIC can also conduct colliding-beam experiments with polarized protons. These are first accelerated in the Linac (2), and further in the Booster (3), AGS (4), and

272

Fermilab | Tevatron | Accelerator  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

particle accelerator in the world before it shut down on Sept. 29, 2011. It accelerated beams of protons and antiprotons to 99.999954 percent of the speed of light around a...

273

Laser-optic Measurements of Velocity of Particles in the Powder Stream at Coaxial Laser Cladding  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The problems of particle velocity and temperature measurement can be solved with commonly-known methods of registration based on spectrometry and a complex of laser and optical means. The diagnostic technique combines two independent methods of particle velocity measurement, namely the passive way which is based on the intrinsic radiation of the heated particles in a gas flow, and the active one which utilizes the effect of the laser beam scattering. It is demonstrated that the laser radiation can affect significantly the particles velocity at the laser cladding. Presented bar charts of statistical distributions of the particles velocities illustrate two modes of the coaxial nozzle performance, with and without ??2-laser radiation. Different types of powders (Al2O3, Mo, Ni, Al) were used in tests, the particle size distributions were typical for the laser cladding; air, nitrogen, argon were used as working gases, continuous radiation of the ??2 laser reached 3 kW. It is shown that in the laser-radiation field, the powder particles undergo extra acceleration due to the laser evaporation and reactive force occurrence resulting from the recoil pressure vapors from the beamed part of particles’ surfaces. The observed effect of particles acceleration depends on the particles concentration in the powder flow. Due to the laser acceleration, the velocities of individual particles may reach the values of about 80 – 100 m/s. The trichromatic pyrometry method was utilized to measure the particles temperature in the powder flow.

D.V. Sergachev; A.A. Mikhal’chenko; O.B. Kovalev; V.I. Kuz’min; G.N. Grachev; P.A. Pinaev

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

History of Proton Linear Accelerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

much. References 1. Linear Accelerators, edited by P. M .at the 1986 Linear Accelerator Conference, SLAC, Stanford,HISTORY OF PROTON LINEAR ACCELERATORS Luis W. Alvarez TWO-

Alvarez, Luis W.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

LARGE-APERTURE D- ACCELERATORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vignetted current profile at accelerator entrance aperture 'LARGE-APERTURE D" ACCELERATORS* 0. A. Anderson" " Lawrencen i a 9-1720 Abstract Accelerator designs are described for

Anderson, O.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Beam Dynamics for Induction Accelerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamics for Induction Accelerators Edward P. Lee Lawrencea natural candidate accelerator for a heavy ion fusion (HIF)words: Fusion, Induction, Accelerators, Dynamics This work

Lee, E.P.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Shielding of proton accelerators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......capabilities of an accelerator control system...meant to undergo a nuclear interaction within...the axis of the vacuum chamber. The beam...of high-energy accelerators. Nucl. Instrum...Series, Group I: Nuclear and Particle Physics-Schopper...100-250 MeV proton accelerators: double differential......

Stefano Agosteo; Matteo Magistris; Marco Silari

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AAI Homepage Lee Teng Scholarship Program USPAS Argonne Department of Education Fermilab Education Office For Students Many scientific advances are made using accelerators. The world of High Energy Particle Physics has driven this field and continues to depend largely on accelerators. Increasingly advances in materials science, chemistry, biology and environmental science are being made at accelerators using x-ray and neutrons to probe matter. Accelerators have a number of commercial applications including isotope production for use in medicine, cancer treatment, processing semiconductor chips, and so on. Presently there are around 15,000 accelerators worldwide. Approximately 97% of these are used for commercial applications. However several hundred are in use

279

Method of accelerating photons by a relativistic plasma wave  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Photons of a laser pulse have their group velocity accelerated in a plasma as they are placed on a downward density gradient of a plasma wave of which the phase velocity nearly matches the group velocity of the photons. This acceleration results in a frequency upshift. If the unperturbed plasma has a slight density gradient in the direction of propagation, the photon frequencies can be continuously upshifted to significantly greater values.

Dawson, John M. (Pacific Palisades, CA); Wilks, Scott C. (Santa Monica, CA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Feasibility study of channeling acceleration experiment at the Fermilab ASTA facility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Crystal channeling technology has offered various opportunities in accelerator community with a viability of ultrahigh gradient (TV/m) acceleration for future HEP collider in Energy Frontier. The major challenge of the channeling acceleration is that ultimate acceleration gradients might require high power driver at hard x-ray regime (~ 40 keV), exceeding those conceivable for x-rays as of today, though x-ray lasers can efficiently excite solid plasma and accelerate particles inside a crystal channel. Moreover, only disposable crystal accelerators are possible at such high externally excited fields which would exceed the ionization thresholds destroying the atomic structure, so acceleration will take place only in a short time before full dissociation of the lattice. Carbon- based nanostructures have great potential with a wide range of flexibility and superior physical strength, which can be applied to channeling acceleration. This paper present beam-driven channeling acceleration concept with CNTs and discu...

Shin, Young-Min; Still, Dean A; Shiltsev, Vladimir

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "laser accelerator bella" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Laser ignition  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In the apparatus of the invention, a first excitation laser or other excitation light source is used in tandem with an ignitor laser to provide a compact, durable, engine deployable fuel ignition laser system. The beam from the excitation light source is split with a portion of it going to the ignitor laser and a second portion of it being recombined with the first portion after a delay before injection into the ignitor laser. Reliable fuel ignition is provided over a wide range of fuel conditions by using a single remote excitation light source for one or more small lasers located proximate to one or more fuel combustion zones.

Early, James W. (Los Alamos, NM); Lester, Charles S. (San Juan Pueblo, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Page 1Laser Safety Training Laser Institute of America Laser Safety Laser Institute of America  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Page 1Laser Safety Training Ā© Laser Institute of America 1 Laser Safety Ā© Laser Institute of America Laser Safety: Hazards, Bioeffects, and Control Measures Laser Institute of America Gus Anibarro Education Manager 2Laser Safety Ā© Laser Institute of America Laser Safety Overview Laser Safety Accidents

Farritor, Shane

283

E-Print Network 3.0 - accelerated electrons degradacion Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tsinghua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan 30043. Summary: for a laser-driven electron accelerator Y.C. Huang *, T. Plettner , R.L. Byer , R.H. Pantell , R.L. Swent , T... for...

284

Laser Telecommunication timeLaser beam  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laser Telecommunication Experiment Laser time Laser beam intensity timeLaser beam Laser battery Laser connected to a circuit without a modulator. Bottom graph illustrates what happen when a modulating signal is superimposed to the DC voltage driving the laser Laser beam intensity DC Input voltage DC

La Rosa, Andres H.

285

Design of On-chip Power Transport and Coupling Components for a Silicon Woodpile Accelerator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Three-dimensional woodpile photonic bandgap (PBG) waveguide enables high-gradient and efficient laser driven acceleration, while various accelerator components, including laser couplers, power transmission lines, woodpile accelerating and focusing waveguides, and energy recycling resonators, can be potentially integrated on a single monolithic structure via lithographic fabrications. This paper will present designs of this on-chip accelerator based on silicon-on-insulator (SOI) waveguide. Laser power is coupled from free-space or fiber into SOI waveguide by grating structures on the silicon surface, split into multiple channels to excite individual accelerator cells, and eventually gets merged into the power recycle pathway. Design and simulation results will be presented regarding various coupling components involved in this network.

Wu, Ziran; Ng, C.; McGuinness, C.; Colby, E.; /SLAC

2011-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

286

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mission Mission The mission of the Argonne Accelerator Institute is centered upon the following related goals: Locate next generation accelerator facilities in Northern Illinois Advance accelerator technology Oversee a selected, strategic, lab-wide, and acclaimed accelerator R&D portfolio In order to accomplish the above goals, the institute has established five objectives. These are coupled to programmatic objectives, and are dependent on each other, but they serve to identify important areas for the institute to focus its activities. Educate the "next generation" of accelerator physicists and engineers Work with area Universities to establish Joint Appointments and Adjunct Professorships Identify students Provide research opportunities at Argonne Work with the US Particle Accelerator School

287

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Welcome Welcome In 2006, Argonne laboratory director Robert Rosner formed the AAI as a focal point for accelerator initiatives. The institute works to utilize Argonne's extensive accelerator resources, to enhance existing facilities, to determine the future of accelerator development and construction, and to oversee a dynamic and acclaimed accelerator physics portfolio. I invite you to look around the content of this web site. Accelerators at Argonne describes our rich heritage in this field, particularly with respect to the development and support of user facilities. Initiatives describes the things we are hoping to do, and Research & Development discusses our research portfolio. If you are a graduate or undergraduate student wishing to pursue a career in accelerator science or technology, please see Educational

288

North Linear Accelerator  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

North Linear Accelerator North Linear Accelerator Building Exterior Beam Enclosure Level Walk to the North Spreader North Recombiner Extras! North Linear Accelerator The North Linear Accelerator is one of the two long, straight sections of Jefferson Lab's accelerator. Electrons gain energy in this section by passing through acceleration cavities. There are 160 cavities in this straightaway, all lined up end to end. That's enough cavities to increase an electron's energy by 400 million volts each time it passes through this section. Electrons can pass though this section as many as five times! The cavities are powered by microwaves that travel down the skinny rectangular pipes from the service buildings above ground. Since the cavities won't work right unless they are kept very cold, they

289

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The Argonne Accelerator History Document Collection The Argonne Accelerator History Document Collection The Argonne Accelerator Institute (AAI) has established a special collection of archived documents which describe notable Argonne accelerator work of the past 50 years. A list of such Argonne Accelerator Projects is given below. Each project is described briefly, with links to archived documents in this collection. This collection includes important Argonne accelerator documents which may have become difficult to locate, as well as ones which have broad scope. In keeping with its historical purpose, this collection only covers work done 10 or more years ago. Many of the listed documents are available online. We hope to make more of them available online in the future. [For several of the projects, interesting additional online documents can be found by

290

accelerators for ATI  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Building Accelerator Analogs Building Accelerator Analogs Some QuarkNet centers have built "accelerators." No, they are not real but can be used as analogs to real particle accelerators. The real learning comes, of course, when you plan and experiment on your own, but this may give you some starting points. Things to Think About What are your objectives? To make an analogy for particle accelerators? To use classical physics qualitatively? To use classical physics quantitatively? To measure forces, speed, etc.? _______________ Who is your target audienceĀ— in an Associate Teacher Institute or their students or both? What do the participants need to know before beginning? Jawbreaker Accelerator Pressurized gas shoots jawbreakers through PVC pipe into a fixed target (brick) or into each other. The original speeds and masses are measured as are those of the resulting particles.

291

Uniformly accelerated black holes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The static and stationary C metric are examined in a generic framework and their interpretations studied in some detail, especially those with two event horizons, one for the black hole and another for the acceleration. We find that (i) the spacetime of an accelerated static black hole is plagued by either conical singularities or a lack of smoothness and compactness of the black hole horizon, (ii) by using standard black hole thermodynamics we show that accelerated black holes have a higher Hawking temperature than Unruh temperature of the accelerated frame, and (iii) the usual upper bound on the product of the mass and acceleration parameters (<1/27) is just a coordinate artifact. The main results are extended to accelerated rotating black holes with no significant changes.

Patricio S. Letelier and Samuel R. Oliveira

2001-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

292

Present Status of the TAC Proton Accelerator Proposal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently, conceptual design of the Turkic Accelerator Center (TAC) proposal was completed. The main goal of this proposal is a charm factory that consist of a linac-ring type electron-positron collider. In addition, synchrotron radiation from the positron ring, free electron laser from the electron linac and a GeV energy proton accelerator are proposed. The Project related with this proposal has been accepted by the Turkish State Planning Committee. It is planned that the Tecnical Design Repotr of the TAC will have been written in the next three years. In this study we consider main parameters of the TAC proton accelerator, secondary beams and their applications.

Akkus, B. [Istanbul Ueniversitesi, Istanbul (Turkey); Bilgin, P. S.; Caliskan, A.; Yilmaz, M. [Gazi Ueniversitesi, Ankara (Turkey); Sultansoy, S. [Gazi Ueniversitesi, Ankara (Turkey); Institute of Physics, Baku (Azerbaijan)

2007-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

293

Future Accelerators, Muon Colliders, and Neutrino Factories  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Particle physics is driven by five great topics. Neutrino oscillations and masses are now at the fore. The standard model with extensions to supersymmetry and a Higgs to generate mass explains much of the field. The origins of CP violation are not understood. The possibility of extra dimensions has raised tantalizing new questions. A fifth topic lurking in the background is the possibility of something totally different. Many of the questions raised by these topics require powerful new accelerators. It is not an overstatement to say that for some of the issues, the accelerator is almost the experiment. Indeed some of the questions require machines beyond our present capability. As this volume attests, there are parts of the particle physics program that have been significantly advanced without the use of accelerators such as the subject of neutrino oscillations and many aspects of the particle-cosmology interface. At this stage in the development of physics, both approaches are needed and important. This chapter first reviews the status of the great accelerator facilities now in operation or coming on within the decade. Next, midrange possibilities are discussed including linear colliders with the adjunct possibility of gamma-gamma colliders, muon colliders, with precursor neutrino factories, and very large hadron colliders. Finally visionary possibilities are considered including plasma and laser accelerators.

Richard A Carrigan, Jr.

2001-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

294

Laser microphone  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A microphone for detecting sound pressure waves includes a laser resonator having a laser gain material aligned coaxially between a pair of first and second mirrors for producing a laser beam. A reference cell is disposed between the laser material and one of the mirrors for transmitting a reference portion of the laser beam between the mirrors. A sensing cell is disposed between the laser material and one of the mirrors, and is laterally displaced from the reference cell for transmitting a signal portion of the laser beam, with the sensing cell being open for receiving the sound waves. A photodetector is disposed in optical communication with the first mirror for receiving the laser beam, and produces an acoustic signal therefrom for the sound waves.

Veligdan, James T. (Manorville, NY)

2000-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

295

Accelerated Testing Validation  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Accelerated Testing Validation Rangachary Mukundan (PI), Rodney Borup, John Davey, Roger Lujan Los Alamos National Laboratory Adam Z. Weber Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory...

296

Market Acceleration (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The fact sheet summarizes the goals and activities of the DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program efforts within its market acceleration subprogram.

Not Available

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Accelerated Molecular Dynamics Methods  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This presentation on Accelerated Molecular Dynamics Methods was given at the DOE Theory Focus Session on Hydrogen Storage Materials on May 18, 2006.

298

The evolution of high energy accelerators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Accelerators have been devised and built for two reasons: In the first place, by physicists who needed high energy particles in order to have a means to explore the interactions between particles that probe the fundamental elementary forces of nature. And conversely, sometimes accelerator builders produce new machines for higher energy than ever before just because it can be done, and then challenge potential users to make new discoveries with the new means at hand. These two approaches or motivations have gone hand in hand. This lecture traces how high energy particle accelerators have grown from tools used for esoteric small-scale experiments to the gigantic projects of today. So far all the really high-energy machines built and planned in the world--except the SLC--have been ring accelerators and storage rings using the strong-focusing method. But this method has not removed the energy limit, it has only pushed it higher. It would seem unlikely that one can go beyond the Large Hadron Collider (LHC)--but in fact a workshop was held in Sicily in November 1991, concerned with the question of extrapolating to 100 TeV. Other acceleration and beam-forming methods are now being discussed--collective fields, laser acceleration, wake-field accelerators etc., all aimed primarily at making linear colliders possible and more attractive than with present radiofrequency methods. So far it is not entirely clear which of these schemes will dominate particle physics in the future--maybe something that has not been thought of as yet.

Courant, E.D.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Accelerators, Beams And Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators And Beams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Accelerator science and technology have evolved as accelerators became larger and important to a broad range of science. Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams was established to serve the accelerator community as a timely, widely circulated, international journal covering the full breadth of accelerators and beams. The history of the journal and the innovations associated with it are reviewed.

Siemann, R.H.; /SLAC

2011-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

300

Acceleration Worksheet 8/24/2011 ACCELERATION WORKSHEET  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Acceleration Worksheet 8/24/2011 ACCELERATION WORKSHEET College of Arts and Sciences Name _____________ TO _____________ month/year month/year II. I meet the requirements for acceleration under [fill out either a) or b;Acceleration Worksheet 8/24/2011 Acceleration 2011-2012 Courses of Study The faculty of the college desires

Davis, H. Floyd

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "laser accelerator bella" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Energy enhancement of proton acceleration in combinational radiation pressure and bubble by optimizing plasma density  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The combinational laser radiation pressure and plasma bubble fields to accelerate protons are researched through theoretical analysis and numerical simulations. The dephasing length of the accelerated protons bunch in the front of the bubble and the density gradient effect of background plasma on the accelerating phase are analyzed in detail theoretically. The radiation damping effect on the accelerated protons energy is also considered. And it is demonstrated by two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations that the protons bunch energy can be increased by using the background plasma with negative density gradient. However, radiation damping makes the maximal energy of the accelerated protons a little reduction.

Bake, Muhammad Ali; Xie Baisong [Key Laboratory of Beam Technology and Materials Modification of the Ministry of Education, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China); College of Nuclear Science and Technology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China); Shan Zhang [Department of Mathematics and Physics, Shijiazhuang Tiedao University, Shijiazhuang 050043 (China); Hong Xueren [College of Nuclear Science and Technology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China); College of Physics and Electronic Engineering, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070 (China); Wang Hongyu [Department of Physics, Anshan Normal University, Anshan 114005 (China); Shanghai Bright-Tech Information Technology Co. Ltd, Shanghai 200136 (China)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

302

Neutrino physics at accelerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Present and future neutrino experiments at accelerators are mainly concerned with understanding the neutrino oscillation phenomenon and its implications. Here a brief account of neutrino oscillations is given together with a description of the supporting data. Some current and planned accelerator neutrino experiments are also explained.

Enrique Fernandez

2006-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

303

Safety of Accelerator Facilities  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To establish accelerator-specific safety requirements which, when supplemented by other applicable safety and health requirements, will serve to prevent injuries and illnesses associated with Department of Energy (DOE) or National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) accelerator operations. Cancels DOE O 420.2. Canceled by DOE O 420.2B.

2001-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

304

Safety of Accelerator Facilities  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To establish accelerator-specific safety requirements which, when supplemented by other applicable safety and health requirements, will serve to prevent injuries and illnesses associated with Department of Energy (DOE) or National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) accelerator operations. Cancels DOE O 420.2A. Certified 5-13-08. Canceled by DOE O 420.2C.

2004-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

305

Microscale acceleration history discriminators  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A new class of micromechanical acceleration history discriminators is claimed. These discriminators allow the precise differentiation of a wide range of acceleration-time histories, thereby allowing adaptive events to be triggered in response to the severity (or lack thereof) of an external environment. Such devices have applications in airbag activation, and other safety and surety applications.

Polosky, Marc A. (Albuquerque, NM); Plummer, David W. (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Safety of Accelerator Facilities  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The order defines accelerators and establishes accelerator specific safety requirements and approval authorities which, when supplemented by other applicable safety and health requirements, promote safe operations to ensure protection of workers, the public, and the environment. Cancels DOE O 420.2B.

2011-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

307

Accelerators (4/5)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

1a) Introduction and motivation 1b) History and accelerator types 2) Transverse beam dynamics 3a) Longitudinal beam dynamics 3b) Figure of merit of a synchrotron/collider 3c) Beam control 4) Main limiting factors 5) Technical challenges Prerequisite knowledge: Previous knowledge of accelerators is not required.

None

2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

308

Accelerators (3/5)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

1a) Introduction and motivation 1b) History and accelerator types 2) Transverse beam dynamics 3a) Longitudinal beam dynamics 3b) Figure of merit of a synchrotron/collider 3c) Beam control 4) Main limiting factors 5) Technical challenges Prerequisite knowledge: Previous knowledge of accelerators is not required.

None

2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

309

Accelerator Modeling with MATLAB Accelerator Toolbox  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper introduces Accelerator Toolbox (AT)--a collection of tools to model storage rings and beam transport lines in the MATLAB environment. The objective is to illustrate the flexibility and efficiency of the AT-MATLAB framework. The paper discusses three examples of problems that are analyzed frequently in connection with ring-based synchrotron light sources.

Terebilo, Andrei

2002-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

310

Laser ignition  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In the apparatus of the invention, a first excitation laser or other excitation light source is used in tandem with an ignitor laser to provide a compact, durable, engine deployable fuel ignition laser system. Reliable fuel ignition is provided over a wide range of fuel conditions by using a single remote excitation light source for one or more small lasers located proximate to one or more fuel combustion zones. In a third embodiment, alternating short and long pulses of light from the excitation light source are directed into the ignitor laser. Each of the embodiments of the invention can be multiplexed so as to provide laser light energy sequentially to more than one ignitor laser.

Early, James W. (Los Alamos, NM); Lester, Charles S. (San Juan Pueblo, NM)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Multimode Analysis of the Hollow Plasma Channel Wakefield Accelerator C. B. Schroeder,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

this breakdown constraint. Two schemes of plasma excitation have been the focus of much of the work: the laserMultimode Analysis of the Hollow Plasma Channel Wakefield Accelerator C. B. Schroeder,1 D. H April 1998) The hollow plasma channel is analyzed as an accelerating structure. The excitation

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

312

Collider-Accelerator Department  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

RHIC Tunnel and Magnets RHIC Tunnel and Magnets RHIC Tunnel and Magnets AGS Tunnel and Magnets NSRL Beamline RF Kicker Snake 200-MeV LINAC AGS Cold Snake Magnet About the Collider-Accelerator Department The mission of the Collider-Accelerator Department is to develop, improve and operate the suite of particle / heavy ion accelerators used to carry out the program of accelerator-based experiments at BNL; to support the experimental program including design, construction and operation of the beam transports to the experiments plus support of detector and research needs of the experiments; to design and construct new accelerator facilities in support of the BNL and national missions. The C-A Department supports an international user community of over 1500 scientists. The department performs all these functions in an environmentally responsible and safe manner under a rigorous conduct of operations approach.

313

Method for generating a plasma wave to accelerate electrons  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention provides a method and apparatus for generating large amplitude nonlinear plasma waves, driven by an optimized train of independently adjustable, intense laser pulses. In the method, optimal pulse widths, interpulse spacing, and intensity profiles of each pulse are determined for each pulse in a series of pulses. A resonant region of the plasma wave phase space is found where the plasma wave is driven most efficiently by the laser pulses. The accelerator system of the invention comprises several parts: the laser system, with its pulse-shaping subsystem; the electron gun system, also called beam source, which preferably comprises photo cathode electron source and RF-LINAC accelerator; electron photo-cathode triggering system; the electron diagnostics; and the feedback system between the electron diagnostics and the laser system. The system also includes plasma source including vacuum chamber, magnetic lens, and magnetic field means. The laser system produces a train of pulses that has been optimized to maximize the axial electric field amplitude of the plasma wave, and thus the electron acceleration, using the method of the invention.

Umstadter, Donald (Ann Arbor, MI); Esarey, Eric (Chevy Chase, MD); Kim, Joon K. (Ann Arbor, MI)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Method for generating a plasma wave to accelerate electrons  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention provides a method and apparatus for generating large amplitude nonlinear plasma waves, driven by an optimized train of independently adjustable, intense laser pulses. In the method, optimal pulse widths, interpulse spacing, and intensity profiles of each pulse are determined for each pulse in a series of pulses. A resonant region of the plasma wave phase space is found where the plasma wave is driven most efficiently by the laser pulses. The accelerator system of the invention comprises several parts: the laser system, with its pulse-shaping subsystem; the electron gun system, also called beam source, which preferably comprises photo cathode electron source and RF-LINAC accelerator; electron photo-cathode triggering system; the electron diagnostics; and the feedback system between the electron diagnostics and the laser system. The system also includes plasma source including vacuum chamber, magnetic lens, and magnetic field means. The laser system produces a train of pulses that has been optimized to maximize the axial electric field amplitude of the plasma wave, and thus the electron acceleration, using the method of the invention. 21 figs.

Umstadter, D.; Esarey, E.; Kim, J.K.

1997-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

315

DEDICATED HEAVY ION MEDICAL ACCELERATORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lancaster, R.B. Yourd, Pre~,Accelerator A w·ideroe~,Basedcarbon beam medical accelerator facility. N "' . ,;j "' ::lEat the MARIA Workshop III: Accelerator Systems for Relat ic

Gough, R.A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

History of Proton Linear Accelerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the board to show why the accelerator couldn't work. Then atmuch. References 1. Linear Accelerators, edited by P. M .at the 1986 Linear Accelerator Conference, SLAC, Stanford,

Alvarez, Luis W.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Accelerated Least Squares Multidimensional Scaling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

x(make_x(36,2)) xACCELERATED SCALING R EFERENCES I.ACCELERATED LEAST SQUARES MULTIDIMENSIONAL SCALING JAN DEare simpler to write. ACCELERATED SCALING It is shown in De

Leeuw, Jan de

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Accelerated Least Squares Multidimensional Scaling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

x(make_x(36,2)) xACCELERATED SCALING R EFERENCES I.ACCELERATED LEAST SQUARES MULTIDIMENSIONAL SCALING JAN DEare simpler to write. ACCELERATED SCALING It is shown in De

Jan de Leeuw

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Accelerator Physics and Design at NERSC  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Accelerator Science Accelerator Science ReframAccelerator.jpg Particle accelerators are among the largest, most complex, and most important scientific instruments in the world....

320

Computational studies and optimization of wakefield accelerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

optimization of wakefield accelerators C. G. R. Geddes 1 ,from the U.S. -LHC Accelerator Research Program (LARP),driven plasma wakefield accelerators produce accelerating

Geddes, C.G.R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "laser accelerator bella" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

High Energy Density Physics and Exotic Acceleration Schemes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The High Energy Density and Exotic Acceleration working group took as our goal to reach beyond the community of plasma accelerator research with its applications to high energy physics, to promote exchange with other disciplines which are challenged by related and demanding beam physics issues. The scope of the group was to cover particle acceleration and beam transport that, unlike other groups at AAC, are not mediated by plasmas or by electromagnetic structures. At this Workshop, we saw an impressive advancement from years past in the area of Vacuum Acceleration, for example with the LEAP experiment at Stanford. And we saw an influx of exciting new beam physics topics involving particle propagation inside of solid-density plasmas or at extremely high charge density, particularly in the areas of laser acceleration of ions, and extreme beams for fusion energy research, including Heavy-ion Inertial Fusion beam physics. One example of the importance and extreme nature of beam physics in HED research is the requirement in the Fast Ignitor scheme of inertial fusion to heat a compressed DT fusion pellet to keV temperatures by injection of laser-driven electron or ion beams of giga-Amp current. Even in modest experiments presently being performed on the laser-acceleration of ions from solids, mega-amp currents of MeV electrons must be transported through solid foils, requiring almost complete return current neutralization, and giving rise to a wide variety of beam-plasma instabilities. As keynote talks our group promoted Ion Acceleration (plenary talk by A. MacKinnon), which historically has grown out of inertial fusion research, and HIF Accelerator Research (invited talk by A. Friedman), which will require impressive advancements in space-charge-limited ion beam physics and in understanding the generation and transport of neutralized ion beams. A unifying aspect of High Energy Density applications was the physics of particle beams inside of solids, which is proving to be a very important field for diverse applications such as muon cooling, fusion energy research, and ultra-bright particle and radiation generation with high intensity lasers. We had several talks on these and other subjects, and many joint sessions with the Computational group, the EM Structures group, and the Beam Generation group. We summarize our groups' work in the following categories: vacuum acceleration schemes; ion acceleration; particle transport in solids; and applications to high energy density phenomena.

Cowan, T.; /General Atomics, San Diego; Colby, E.; /SLAC

2005-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

322

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AAI Home AAI Home Welcome Accelerators at Argonne Mission Organization History Document Collection Conferences & Workshops Beams and Applications Seminar Argonne-Fermilab Collaboration Lee Teng Scholarship Program Useful Links Organization The Argonne Accelerator Institute is a matrixed organization. Its members and fellows reside in programmatic Argonne divisions. The Institute reports to the Associate Laboratory Director for Photon Science), and the administrative functions of the Institute are within the PSC directorate. Director: Rodney Gerig Associate Director: Hendrik Weerts ( Director of High Energy Physics Division) Associate Director: Sasha Zholents (Director of Accelerator Systems Division) Associate Director: Robert Janssens ( Director of Argonne Physics Division)

323

Accelerator Toolbox for MATLAB  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper introduces Accelerator Toolbox (AT)--a collection of tools to model particle accelerators and beam transport lines in the MATLAB environment. At SSRL, it has become the modeling code of choice for the ongoing design and future operation of the SPEAR 3 synchrotron light source. AT was designed to take advantage of power and simplicity of MATLAB--commercially developed environment for technical computing and visualization. Many examples in this paper illustrate the advantages of the AT approach and contrast it with existing accelerator code frameworks.

Terebilo, Andrei

2001-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

324

Laser ignition  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In the apparatus of the invention, a first excitation laser or other excitation light source is used in tandem with an ignitor laser to provide a compact, durable, engine deployable fuel ignition laser system. Reliable fuel ignition is provided over a wide range of fuel conditions by using a single remote excitation light source for one or more small lasers located proximate to one or more fuel combustion zones. In the embodiment of the invention claimed herein, the beam from the excitation light source is split with a portion of it going to the ignitor laser and a second portion of it being combined with either the first portion after a delay before injection into the ignitor laser.

Early, James W. (Los Alamos, NM); Lester, Charles S. (San Juan Pueblo, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Laser-seeded modulation instability within LHC proton beams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new method for seeding the modulation instability (MI) within an SPS-LHC proton beam using a laser pulse is presented. Using simulations, we show that a laser pulse placed ahead of a proton beam excites axially symmetric selfmodulation modes within the proton beam and leads to peak accelerating fields that are comparable to previously proposed seeding methods.

Siemon, Carl; Khudik, Vladimir; Yi, S. Austin; Pukhov, Alexander; Shvets, Gennady [University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States); Max-Planck-Institut fuer Physik, 80805 Muenchen (Germany); University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

326

C-AD Accelerator Division  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Accelerator Division Accelerator Division The Accelerator Division operates and continually upgrades a complex of eight accelerators: 2 Tandem Van de Graaff electrostatic accelerators, an Electron Beam Ion Source (EBIS), a 200 MeV proton Linac, the AGS Booster, the Alternating Gradient Synchrotron (AGS), and the 2 rings of the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). These machines serve user programs at the Tandems, the Brookhaven Linac Isotope Producer (BLIP), the NASA Space Radiation Laboratory (NSRL), and the 2 RHIC experiments STAR, and PHENIX. The Division also supports the development of new accelerators and accelerator components. Contact Personnel Division Head: Wolfram Fischer Deputy Head: Joe Tuozzolo Division Secretary: Anna Petway Accelerator Physics: Michael Blaskiewicz

327

Laser ignition  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In the apparatus of the invention, a first excitation laser or other excitation light source capable of producing alternating beams of light having different wavelengths is used in tandem with one or more ignitor lasers to provide a compact, durable, engine deployable fuel ignition laser system. Reliable fuel ignition is provided over a wide range of fuel conditions by using the single remote excitation light source for pumping one or more small lasers located proximate to one or more fuel combustion zones with alternating wavelengths of light.

Early, James W. (Los Alamos, NM); Lester, Charles S. (San Juan Pueblo, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Quarterly Meetings Quarterly Meetings November 29, 2011 Held at the Advanced Photon Source, Argonne, IL DOE Accelerator R&D Task Force - M. White February 17, 2010 Held at the Advanced Photon Source, Argonne, IL June 16, 2009 General Updates - R. Gerig Accelerator Developments in Physics Division - R. Janssens Proposal for Argonne SRF Facility - M. Kelly Accelerator Developments in HEP Division - W. Gai Beam Activities of the DOD Project Office-Focus on the Navy FEL - S. Biedron AAI Historical Collection - T. Fields November 24, 2008 Strategic Theme Forum Meeting - This meeting was held to gather information on the Accelerator Science and Technology Theme to establish the Argonne's Strategic Plan January 9, 2008 Opening Remarks - R. Gerig ILC Planning - J. Carwardine Argonne Participation in Project X - P. Ostroumov

329

Advanced Accelerator Concepts Workshop  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

acceleration at the BNL-ATF Thomas Marshall GeVm WAKE FIELDS GENERATED BY A TRAIN OF pC, FEMTOSECOND BUNCHES IN A PLANAR DIELECTRIC MICROSTRUCTURE Changbiao Wang GeVm...

330

Accelerated Currents in Superconductors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is shown that the ratio of the accelerated currents of energy and matter induced in a superconductor by a long-wavelength electric field is equal to the chemical potential of the system.

Vinay Ambegaokar and Gerald Rickayzen

1966-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

331

Advanced Accelerator Concepts Workshop  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

EM Structure-Based Accelerators Working Group Group-Leader: Wayne Kimura, STI Optronics (wkimura@stioptronics.com) Group-Co-leader: Steve Lidia, LBNL (SMLidia@lbl.gov)...

332

Third harmonic order imaging as a focal spot diagnostic for high intensity laser-solid interactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

intensity inter- actions, i.e., fast ignition fusion, laser based ion acceleration etc., where fluctuationsThird harmonic order imaging as a focal spot diagnostic for high intensity laser-solid interactions, Glasgow, UK 4 Central Laser Facility, STFC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory. Chilton, Didcot, Didcot, UK 5

Strathclyde, University of

333

CEBAF accelerator achievements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the past decade, nuclear physics users of Jefferson Lab's Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) have benefited from accelerator physics advances and machine improvements. As of early 2011, CEBAF operates routinely at 6 GeV, with a 12 GeV upgrade underway. This article reports highlights of CEBAF's scientific and technological evolution in the areas of cryomodule refurbishment, RF control, polarized source development, beam transport for parity experiments, magnets and hysteresis handling, beam breakup, and helium refrigerator operational optimization.

Y.C. Chao, M. Drury, C. Hovater, A. Hutton, G.A. Krafft, M. Poelker, C. Reece, M. Tiefenback

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Decay of accelerated particles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study how the decay properties of particles are changed by acceleration. It is shown that under the influence of acceleration (1) the lifetime of particles is modified and (2) new processes (such as the decay of the proton) become possible. This is illustrated by considering scalar models for the decay of muons, pions, and protons. We discuss the close conceptual relation between these processes and the Unruh effect.

Rainer Müller

1997-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

335

Breakthrough: Fermilab Accelerator Technology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There are more than 30,000 particle accelerators in operation around the world. At Fermilab, scientists are collaborating with other laboratories and industry to optimize the manufacturing processes for a new type of powerful accelerator that uses superconducting niobium cavities. Experimenting with unique polishing materials, a Fermilab team has now developed an efficient and environmentally friendly way of creating cavities that can propel particles with more than 30 million volts per meter.

None

2012-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

336

Breakthrough: Fermilab Accelerator Technology  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

There are more than 30,000 particle accelerators in operation around the world. At Fermilab, scientists are collaborating with other laboratories and industry to optimize the manufacturing processes for a new type of powerful accelerator that uses superconducting niobium cavities. Experimenting with unique polishing materials, a Fermilab team has now developed an efficient and environmentally friendly way of creating cavities that can propel particles with more than 30 million volts per meter.

None

2014-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

337

Advanced accelerator simulation research: miniaturizing accelerators from kilometers to meters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Advanced accelerator simulation research: miniaturizing accelerators from kilometers to meters W: Advanced accelerator research is aimed at finding new technologies that can dramatically reduce the size and cost of future high-energy accelerators. Supercomputing is already playing a dramatic and critical role

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

338

EA-1655: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

5: Finding of No Significant Impact 5: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1655: Finding of No Significant Impact The Berkeley Lab Laser Accelerator (BELLA) Laser Acquisition, Installation and Use for Research and Development The Proposed Action would create and operate an experimental facility for further advancing the development of laser-driven, plasma-based, particle beam accelerators. An existing, approximately 7,000-square-foot, accelerator laboratory area inside Building 71 at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) would be modified to accommodate the new facility. DOE has determined that the proposed action is not a major federal action that would significantly affect the quality of the human environment within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969. Finding of No Significant Impact for the Berkeley Lab Laser Accelerator

339

EA-1655: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

655: Finding of No Significant Impact 655: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1655: Finding of No Significant Impact The Berkeley Lab Laser Accelerator (BELLA) Laser Acquisition, Installation and Use for Research and Development The Proposed Action would create and operate an experimental facility for further advancing the development of laser-driven, plasma-based, particle beam accelerators. An existing, approximately 7,000-square-foot, accelerator laboratory area inside Building 71 at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) would be modified to accommodate the new facility. DOE has determined that the proposed action is not a major federal action that would significantly affect the quality of the human environment within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969. Finding of No Significant Impact for the Berkeley Lab Laser Accelerator

340

ACCELERATED IMPROVEMENT A CONCENTRATED APPROACH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ACCELERATED IMPROVEMENT A CONCENTRATED APPROACH FOR CONTINUOUS IMPROVEMENT #12;Accelerated.quality.wisc.edu O F F I C E O F Q U A L I T Y I M P R O V E M E N T Accelerated Improvement This guide to improving resources. You will find helpful information needed to conduct an Accelerated Improvement project

Shapiro, Vadim

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "laser accelerator bella" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

US LHC Accelerator Research Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

US LHC Accelerator Research Program Instrumentation Collaboration Meeting John Marriner May 9, 2003 #12;2/14/03 US LARP Instrumentation Collaboration Mtg 2 US LARP LARP = LHC Accelerator Research Program LARP is an outgrowth of the US LHC Accelerator Project The US LHC Accelerator Project built

Large Hadron Collider Program

342

Laser device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A laser device includes a virtual source configured to aim laser energy that originates from a true source. The virtual source has a vertical rotational axis during vertical motion of the virtual source and the vertical axis passes through an exit point from which the laser energy emanates independent of virtual source position. The emanating laser energy is collinear with an orientation line. The laser device includes a virtual source manipulation mechanism that positions the virtual source. The manipulation mechanism has a center of lateral pivot approximately coincident with a lateral index and a center of vertical pivot approximately coincident with a vertical index. The vertical index and lateral index intersect at an index origin. The virtual source and manipulation mechanism auto align the orientation line through the index origin during virtual source motion.

Scott, Jill R. (Idaho Falls, ID); Tremblay, Paul L. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2008-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

343

Evolution of pulse shapes during compressor scans in a CPA system and control of electron acceleration in plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The skewness of the envelope function of 20 - 100 femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser pulses has been controlled by appropriate choice of the higher order special phase coefficients, and used for optimization of a plasma wakefield electron accelerator.

Toth, Csaba; de Groot, Joeri; van Tilborg, Jeroen; Geddes, Cameron G.R.; Faure, Jerome; Catravas, Palma; Schroeder, Carl; Shadwick, B.A.; Esarey, Eric; Leemans, Wim

2002-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

344

BNL | Our History: Accelerators  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

> See also: Reactors > See also: Reactors A History of Leadership in Particle Accelerator Design Cosmotron Cosmotron (1952-1966) Early in Brookhaven Lab history, the consortium of universities responsible for founding the new research center, decided that Brookhaven should provide leading facilities for high energy physics research. In April 1948, the Atomic Energy Commission approved a plan for a proton synchrotron to be built at Brookhaven. The new machine would accelerate protons to previously unheard of energies-comparable to the cosmic rays showering the earth's outer atmosphere. It would be called the Cosmotron. The Cosmotron was the first accelerator in the world to send particles to energies in the billion electron volt, or GeV, region. The machine reached its full design energy of 3.3 GeV in 1953.

345

Accelerator Update | Archive | 2012  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2 Accelerator Update Archive 2 Accelerator Update Archive April 27, 2012 - April 30, 2012 NuMI reported receiving 7.67E18 protons on target for the period from 4/23/12 to 4/30/12. The Booster developed an aperture restriction that required lower beam intensity Main Injector personnel completed their last study The shutdown begins Linac, MTA, and Booster will continue using beam for one or two more weeks Linac will supply the Neutron Therapy Facility beam for most of the shutdown April 25, 2012 - April 27, 2012 Booster beam stop problem repaired Beam to all experiments will shut off at midnight on Monday morning, 4/30/12. Main Injector will continue to take beam until 6 AM on Monday morning. Linac, the Neutron Therapy Facility, MTA, and Booster will continue using beam for one or two more weeks. The Fermi Accelerator Complex will be in shutdown for approximately one year

346

ORELA accelerator facility  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The Oak Ridge Electron Linear Accelerator The Oak Ridge Electron Linear Accelerator Pulsed Neutron Source The ORELA is a powerful electron accelerator-based neutron source located in the Physics Division of Oak Ridge National Laboratory. It produces intense, nanosecond bursts of neutrons, each burst containing neutrons with energies from 10e-03 to 10e08 eV. ORELA is operated about 1200 hours per year and is an ORNL User Facility open to university, national laboratory and industrial scientists. The mission of ORELA has changed from a recent focus on applied research to nuclear astrophysics. This is an area in which ORELA has historically been very productive: most of the measurements of neutron capture cross sections necessary for understanding heavy element nucleosynthesis through the slow neutron capture process (s-process) have

347

DOE Science Showcase - Free-Electron Lasers | OSTI, US Dept of Energy,  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Free-Electron Lasers Free-Electron Lasers Free-Electron Lasers absorb and release energy at any wavelength and can be controlled more precisely than conventional lasers by producing intense powerful light in brief bursts with extreme precision. This innovative technology has opened doors to a vast array of possibilities for manufacturing and for basic research. Read more in the white paper In OSTI Collections: Free-Electron Lasers by Dr. William Watson, Physicist, OSTI staff. Free-Electron Lasers Results in DOE Databases Science.gov Ciencia.Science.gov (EspaƱol) WorldWideScience.org Energy Citations Database DOE Information Bridge Relevant Subject Clusters FREE ELECTRON LASERS PARTICLE ACCELERATORS ENGINEERING LASERS ELECTRON BEAMS ACCELERATORS WIGGLER MAGNETS EQUIPMENT ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION

348

Interfacing to accelerator instrumentation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As the sensory system for an accelerator, the beam instrumentation provides a tremendous amount of diagnostic information. Access to this information can vary from periodic spot checks by operators to high bandwidth data acquisition during studies. In this paper, example applications will illustrate the requirements on interfaces between the control system and the instrumentation hardware. A survey of the major accelerator facilities will identify the most popular interface standards. The impact of developments such as isochronous protocols and embedded digital signal processing will also be discussed.

Shea, T.J.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

349

Laser goniometer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The laser goniometer is an apparatus which permits an operator to sight along a geologic feature and orient a collimated lamer beam to match the attitude of the feature directly. The horizontal orientation (strike) and the angle from horizontal (dip), are detected by rotary incremental encoders attached to the laser goniometer which provide a digital readout of the azimuth and tilt of the collimated laser beam. A microprocessor then translates the square wave signal encoder outputs into an ASCII signal for use by data recording equipment.

Fairer, George M. (Boulder, CO); Boernge, James M. (Lakewood, CO); Harris, David W. (Lakewood, CO); Campbell, DeWayne A. (Littleton, CO); Tuttle, Gene E. (Littleton, CO); McKeown, Mark H. (Golden, CO); Beason, Steven C. (Lakewood, CO)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Injection of a Phase Modulated Source into the Z-Beamlet Laser for Increased Energy Extraction.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Z-Beamlet laser has been operating at Sandia National Laboratories since 2001 to provide a source of laser-generated x-rays for radiography of events on the Z-Accelerator. Changes in desired operational scope have necessitated the increase in pulse duration and energy available from the laser system. This is enabled via the addition of a phase modulated seed laser as an alternative front-end. The practical aspects of deployment are discussed here.

Rambo, Patrick K.; Armstrong, Darrell J.; Schwarz, Jens; Smith, Ian C; Shores, Jonathon; Speas, Christopher; Porter, John L.

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Pulsed Laser Deposition | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Pulsed Laser Deposition Pulsed Laser Deposition EMSL's pulsed laser deposition (PLD) system is designed for epitaxial growth of oxide, ceramic, or synthetic mineral thin films and...

352

Environmental Assessments (EA) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

September 4, 2009 September 4, 2009 EA-1655: Final Environmental Assessment Berkeley Lab Laser Accelerator (BELLA) Laser Acquisition, Installation and Use for Research and Development September 1, 2009 EA-1584: Final Environmental Assessment Sand Point Wind Installation Project Sand Point, Alaska September 1, 2009 EA-1788: Final Environmental Assessment Sapphire Energy, Inc.'s Integrated Algal Biorefinery (IABR) Facility in Columbus, New Mexico August 3, 2009 EA-1674: Final Environmental Assessment 10 CFR 431 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Refrigerated Bottled or Canned Beverage Vending Machines August 3, 2009 EA-1659: Final Environmental Assessment Proposed Demolition of Building 330 at Argonne National Laboratory August 3, 2009 EA-1652: Final Environmental Assessment

353

Laser barometer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes an invention of a pressure measuring instrument which uses laser radiation to sense the pressure in an enclosed environment by means of measuring the change in refractive index of a gas - which is pressure dependent.

Abercrombie, K.R.; Shiels, D.; Rash, T.

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Laser ignition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Due to their thermodynamic benefits, second-generation spark-ignition engines with gasoline direct injection systems have ... combination of a spray-guided combustion process with laser-induced ignition allows th...

Bernhard Geringer; Dominikus Klawatsch; Josef Graf; Hans Peter Lenz…

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Perimeter Institute Cosmic Acceleration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wayne Hu Perimeter Institute April 2010 Cosmic Acceleration Dark Energy v. Modified Gravity #12;Outline Ā· Dark Energy vs Modified Gravity Ā· Three Regimes of Modified Gravity Ā· Worked (Toy) Models: f 1998 Discovery #12;Mercury or Pluto? General relativity says Gravity = Geometry And Geometry = Matter-Energy

Hu, Wayne

356

Accelerating News Issue 5  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this spring issue, we look at developments towards higher luminosity and higher energy colliders. We report on the technology developed for the remote powering of the LHC magnets and studies of diagnostics based on higher order mode port signals. We also inform you about the main outcome of the TIARA survey on market needs for accelerator scientists.

Szeberenyi, A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Note on accelerated detectors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Unruh result, on the thermal-like behavior of particle detectors under a uniformly accelerated state of motion, is found by a different method which does not involve field quantization in a metric with a horizon. The result is extended to other situations.

P. Meyer

1978-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

358

Acceleration of Time Integration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We outline our strategies for accelerating time integration for long-running simulations, such as those for global climate modeling. The strategies target the Cray XT systems at the National Center for Computational Sciences at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Our strategies include fully implicit, parallel-in-time, and curvelet methods.

White III, James B [ORNL; Drake, John B [ORNL; Worley, Patrick H [ORNL; Archibald, Richard K [ORNL; Evans, Katherine J [ORNL; Kothe, Douglas B [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Dynamics of intense laser propagation in underdense plasma: Polarization dependence  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a comprehensive numerical study of the dynamics of an intense laser pulse as it propagates through an underdense plasma in two and three dimensions. By varying the background plasma density and the polarization of the laser beam, significant differences are found in terms of energy transport and dissipation, in agreement with recently reported experimental results. Below the threshold for relativistic self-focusing, the plasma and laser dynamics are observed to be substantially insensitive to the initial laser polarization, since laser transport is dominated by ponderomotive effects. Above this threshold, relativistic effects become important, and laser energy is dissipated either by plasma heating (p-polarization) or by trapping of electromagnetic energy into plasma cavities (s-polarization) or by a combination of both (circular polarization). Besides the fundamental interest of this study, the results presented are relevant to applications such as plasma-based accelerators, x-ray lasers, and fast-ignition inertial confinement fusion.

Singh, D. K.; Fiuza, F.; Silva, L. O. [GoLP, Instituto de Plasmas e Fusao Nuclear - Laboratorio Associado, Instituto Superior Tecnico, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); Davies, J. R. [Fusion Science Center, Laboratory for Laser Energetics and Mechanical Engineering, University of Rochester, New York 14623 (United States); Sarri, G. [School of Mathematics and Physics, The Queens University of Belfast, Belfast BT7 1NN (United Kingdom)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

360

Compact two-beam push-pull free electron laser  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An ultra-compact free electron laser comprising a pair of opposed superconducting cavities that produce identical electron beams moving in opposite directions such that each set of superconducting cavities accelerates one electron beam and decelerates the other electron beam. Such an arrangement, allows the energy used to accelerate one beam to be recovered and used again to accelerate the second beam, thus, each electron beam is decelerated by a different structure than that which accelerated it so that energy exchange rather than recovery is achieved resulting in a more compact and highly efficient apparatus.

Hutton, Andrew (Yorktown, VA)

2009-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "laser accelerator bella" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Laser EYE SURGERY LASIK and Excimer Lasers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laser EYE SURGERY LASIK and Excimer Lasers Michael Hutchins #12;The PROBLEM opia - near sightedness - Laser Assisted in SItu Keratomileusis atomileusis is the procedure of opening the eye and ring the cornea. SIK uses an excimer laser to perform the alterations an er a knife or a femtosecond laser

Fygenson, Deborah Kuchnir

362

Ignition feedback regenerative free electron laser (FEL) amplifier  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An ignition feedback regenerative amplifier consists of an injector, a linear accelerator with energy recovery, and a high-gain free electron laser amplifier. A fraction of the free electron laser output is coupled to the input to operate the free electron laser in the regenerative mode. A mode filter in this loop prevents run away instability. Another fraction of the output, after suitable frequency up conversion, is used to drive the photocathode. An external laser is provided to start up both the amplifier and the injector, thus igniting the system.

Kim, Kwang-Je (Burr Ridge, IL); Zholents, Alexander (Walnut Creek, CA); Zolotorev, Max (Oakland, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Acceleration and Classical Electromagnetic Radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Classical radiation from an accelerated charge is reviewed along with the reciprocal topic of accelerated observers detecting radiation from a static charge. This review commemerates Bahram Mashhoon's 60th birthday.

E. N. Glass

2008-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

364

Laser Safety Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laser Safety #12;Introduction Ā· A Laser is a device that controls the way energized atoms release photons. Ā· LASER is an acronym for "Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation" Ā· The light emitted by a laser is non

McQuade, D. Tyler

365

Along the Laser Beampath  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

8 20 | Next | Last Back to Index NIF Laser Bay Each NIF laser bay is 122 meters (400 feet) long and contains 96 beamlines. This side view of Laser Bay 2 shows the four-high laser...

366

Fermilab | Science | Particle Accelerators | Advanced Superconducting...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Superconducting Test Accelerator is America's only test bed for cutting-edge particle beams and for accelerator research aimed at Intensity Frontier proton accelerators. ASTA...

367

History of Proton Linear Accelerators  

DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

Some personal recollections are presented that relate to the author`s experience developing linear accelerators, particularly for protons. (LEW)

Alvarez, L. W.

1987-01-00T23:59:59.000Z

368

High energy heavy ion jets emerging from laser plasma generated by long pulse laser beams from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Albuquerque, New Mexico. ~Received 21 February 2005; Accepted 20 April 2005! Abstract High energy heavy ions to the fast ion emission process. The interest in laser plasmas and interaction phenomena of heavy ion beams!. Thus there is a tradition to investigate accelerator related issues like beam transport phenomena

369

Acceleration in de Sitter spacetimes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a definition of uniform accelerated frames in de Sitter spacetimes exploiting the Nachtmann group theoretical method of introducing coordinates on these manifolds. Requiring the transformation between the static frame and the accelerated one to depend continuously on acceleration in order to recover the well-known Rindler approach in the flat limit, we obtain a new metric with a reasonable physical meaning.

Ion I. Cotaescu

2014-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

370

Basic concepts in plasma accelerators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...plasma accelerators. Plasma accelerators are ideal...2. Relativistic plasma wave acceleration The...electric field at the focus of high-power short-pulse...Diffraction limits the depth of focus to the Rayleigh length...stimulated Brillouin and plasma modulational instabilities...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Accelerator Update | Archive | 2010  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

10 Accelerator Update Archive 10 Accelerator Update Archive December 20, 2010 - December 22, 2010 - Three stores provided !32 hours of luminosity - Problems with two Linac quadrupole power supplies - Cryo system technicians work on TEV sector D1 wet engine - TEV quench during checkout - JASMIN's run at MTest ends December 17, 2010 - December 20, 2010 The Integrated Luminosity for the period from 12/13/10 to 12/20/10 was 66.31 inverse picobarns. NuMI reported receiving 7.62E18 protons on target during this same period. - Five Stores provided ~62 hours of luminosity - Operations had trouble with a Linac RF station (LRF3) - Operators tuned the Linac backup source (I- Source) December 15, 2010 - December 17, 2010 - Three stores provided ~36.1 hours of luminosity - MI-52 Septa repaired - NuMI recovered its target LCW system

372

ACCELERATOR SAFETY ENVELOPE  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

LCASE-001, Ver. 3 LCASE-001, Ver. 3 Linac Commissioning Accelerator Safety Envelope For the National Synchrotron Light Source II Photon Sciences Directorate Version 3 December 8, 2011 Prepared by Brookhaven National Laboratory P.O. Box 5000 Upton, NY 11973-5000 managed by Brookhaven Science Associates for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science Basic Energy Science under contract DE-AC02-98CD10886 Linac Commissioning Accelerator Safety Envelope (LCASE) ii Photon Sciences Directorate ii DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, nor any of their contractors, subcontractors, or their employees, makes any warranty,

373

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CWDD - Continuous Wave Deuterium Demonstrator CWDD - Continuous Wave Deuterium Demonstrator The Continuous Wave Deuterium Demonstrator (CWDD) accelerator, a cryogenically-cooled (26K) linac, was designed to accelerate 80 mA cw of D to 7.5 MeV. CWDD was being built to demonstrate the lauching of a beam with characteristics suitable for a space-based neutral particle-beam (NPB). A considerable amount of hardware was constructed and installed in the Argonne-based facility, and major performance milestones were achieved before program funding ended in October 1993. References - Document Access Guide Continuous Wave Deuterium Demonstrator Final Design Review, Grumman Space Systems, Grumman-Culham Laboratory, Los Alamos (1989). (Located in the Argonne Research Library) Recommissioning and first operation of the CWDD injector at Argonne

374

Accelerator Update | Archive | 2009  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

9 Accelerator Update Archive 9 Accelerator Update Archive December 18, 2009 - December 21, 2009 The integrated luminosity for the period from 12/14/09 to 12/21/09 was 51.27 inverse picobarns. NuMI reported receiving 6.38E18 protons on target during this same period. - Four stores provided ~62.25 hours of luminosity - Store 7444 had an AIL of 306E30 - BRF19 cavity suffered a vacuum failure and was removed - The Booster West Anode Power Supply suffered some problems December 16, 2009 - December 18, 2009 - Three stores provided ~45 hours of luminosity - PBar kicker problem - MI RF problems December 14, 2009 - December 16, 2009 - Four stores provided ~42 hours of luminosity - Recycler kicker repaired - Booster East Anode Power Supply trips due to BRF1, 2, & 8 December 11, 2009 - December 14, 2009

375

WIPP Accelerating Cleanup  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ACCELERATING CLEANUP: ACCELERATING CLEANUP: PATHS TO CLOSURE CARLSBAD AREA OFFICE JUNE 1998 I. Operations/Field Overview CAO Mission The mission of the Carlsbad Area Office (CAO) is to protect human health and the environment by opening and operating the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) for safe disposal of transuranic (TRU) waste and by establishing an effective system for management of TRU waste from generation to disposal. It includes personnel assigned to CAO, WIPP site operations, transportation, and other activities associated with the National TRU Program (NTP). The CAO develops and directs implementation of the TRU waste program, and assesses compliance with the program guidance, as well as the commonality of activities and assumptions among all TRU waste sites. NTP Program Management

376

Plasma Wakefield Acceleration  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

rpwa rpwa Sign In Launch the Developer Dashboard SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory DOE | Stanford | SLAC | SSRL | LCLS | AD | PPA | Photon Science | PULSE | SIMES FACET User Facility : FACET An Office of Science User Facility Search this site... Search Help (new window) Top Link Bar FACET User Facility FACET Home About FACET FACET Experimental Facilities FACET Users Research at FACET SAREC Expand SAREC FACET FAQs FACET User Facility Quick Launch FACET Users Home FACET Division ARD Home About FACET FACET News FACET Users FACET Experimental Facilities FACET Research Expand FACET Research FACET Images Expand FACET Images SAREC Expand SAREC FACET Project Site (restricted) FACET FAQs FACET Site TOC All Site Content Department of Energy Page Content Plasma Wakefield Acceleration

377

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ZGS -- Zero Gradient Synchrotron (operation: 1963 - 1979) ZGS -- Zero Gradient Synchrotron (operation: 1963 - 1979) The ZGS was a 12 GeV weak-focusing proton synchrotron. It was the first high energy physics accelerator located between the U.S. coasts. The ZGS was also the first synchrotron to accelerate spin polarized protons and the first to use H-minus injection. Other noteworthy features of the ZGS program were the large number of university-based users and the pioneering development of large superconducting magnets for bubble chambers and beam transport. References - Document Access Guide History of the ZGS, Argonne, 1979, American Institute of Physics, AIP Conference Proceedings No. 60 (1980). (Located in the Argonne Research Library) High Energy Physics at Argonne National Laboratory, A. Crewe, R.

378

ACCELERATOR SAFETY ENVELOPE  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

BCASE-001, Ver. 2 BCASE-001, Ver. 2 Booster Commissioning Accelerator Safety Envelope For the National Synchrotron Light Source II Photon Sciences Directorate Version 2 December 8, 2011 Prepared by Brookhaven National Laboratory P.O. Box 5000 Upton, NY 11973-5000 managed by Brookhaven Science Associates for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science Basic Energy Science under contract DE-AC02-98CD10886 Booster Commissioning Accelerator Safety Envelope (BCASE) ii Photon Sciences Directorate ii DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, nor any of their contractors, subcontractors, or their employees, makes any warranty,

379

Radiation from accelerated branes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The radiation emitted by accelerated fundamental strings and D-branes is studied within the linear approximation to the supergravity limit of string theory. We show that scalar, gauge field and gravitational radiation is generically emitted by such branes. In the case where an external scalar field accelerates the branes, we derive a Larmor-type formula for the emitted scalar radiation and study the angular distribution of the outgoing energy flux. The classical radii of the branes are calculated by means of the corresponding Thompson scattering cross sections. Within the linear approximation, the interaction of the external scalar field with the velocity fields of the branes gives a contribution to the observed gauge field and gravitational radiation.

Mohab Abou-Zeid and Miguel S. Costa

2000-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

380

Review of ion accelerators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The field of ion acceleration to higher energies has grown rapidly in the last years. Many new facilities as well as substantial upgrades of existing facilities have extended the mass and energy range of available beams. Perhaps more significant for the long-term development of the field has been the expansion in the applications of these beams, and the building of facilities dedicated to areas outside of nuclear physics. This review will cover many of these new developments. Emphasis will be placed on accelerators with final energies above 50 MeV/amu. Facilities such as superconducting cyclotrons and storage rings are adequately covered in other review papers, and so will not be covered here.

Alonso, J.

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "laser accelerator bella" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Accelerators for Cancer Therapy  

DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

The vast majority of radiation treatments for cancerous tumors are given using electron linacs that provide both electrons and photons at several energies. Design and construction of these linacs are based on mature technology that is rapidly becoming more and more standardized and sophisticated. The use of hadrons such as neutrons, protons, alphas, or carbon, oxygen and neon ions is relatively new. Accelerators for hadron therapy are far from standardized, but the use of hadron therapy as an alternative to conventional radiation has led to significant improvements and refinements in conventional treatment techniques. This paper presents the rationale for radiation therapy, describes the accelerators used in conventional and hadron therapy, and outlines the issues that must still be resolved in the emerging field of hadron therapy.

Lennox, Arlene J.

2000-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

382

The Muon Accelerator Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Multi-TeV Muon Colliders and high intensity Neutrino Factories have captured the imagination of the particle physics community. These new types of facility both require an advanced muon source capable of producing O(10{sup 21}) muons per year. The muons must be captured within bunches, and their phase space manipulated so that they fit within the acceptance of an accelerator. In a Neutrino Factory (NF), muons from this 'front end' are accelerated to a few GeV or a few tens of GeV, and then injected into a storage ring with long straight sections. Muon decays in the straight sections produce an intense neutrino beam. In a Muon Collider (MC) the muons must be cooled by a factor O(10{sup 6}) to produce beams that are sufficiently bright to give high luminosity in the collider. Bunches of positive and negative muons are then accelerated to high energy, and injected in opposite directions into a collider ring in which they collide at one or more interaction points. Over the last decade our understanding of the concepts and technologies needed for Muon Colliders and Neutrino Factories has advanced, and it is now believed that, within a few years, with a well focused R&D effort (i) a Neutrino Factory could be proposed, and (ii) enough could be known about the technologies needed for a Muon Collider to assess the feasibility and cost of this new type of facility, and to make a detailed plan for the remaining R&D. Although these next NF and MC steps are achievable, they are also ambitious, and will require an efficient and dedicated organization to accomplish the desired goals with limited resources. The Muon Accelerator Program (MAP) has recently been created to propose and execute this R&D program.

Geer, Steve; /Fermilab; Zisman, Mike; /LBL, Berkeley

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Modulational effects in accelerators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We discuss effects of field modulations in accelerators, specifically those that can be used for operational beam diagnostics and beam halo control. In transverse beam dynamics, combined effects of nonlinear resonances and tune modulations influence diffusion rates with applied tune modulation has been demonstrated. In the longitudinal domain, applied RF phase and voltage modulations provide mechanisms for parasitic halo transport, useful in slow crystal extraction. Experimental experiences with transverse tune and RF modulations are also discussed.

Satogata, T.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Linear induction accelerator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A linear induction accelerator includes a plurality of adder cavities arranged in a series and provided in a structure which is evacuated so that a vacuum inductance is provided between each adder cavity and the structure. An energy storage system for the adder cavities includes a pulsed current source and a respective plurality of bipolar converting networks connected thereto. The bipolar high-voltage, high-repetition-rate square pulse train sets and resets the cavities. 4 figs.

Buttram, M.T.; Ginn, J.W.

1988-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

385

Accelerate Energy Productivity 2030  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The U.S. Department of Energy, the Council on Competitiveness, and the Alliance to Save Energy are teaming up for Accelerate Energy Productivity 2030, an initiative to double U.S. energy productivity by 2030. This effort continues support for the goal the President set in his 2013 State of the Union address to double energy productivity, measured by GDP per unit of energy use, from the 2010 level by 2030.

386

Accelerator and Beam Science, ABS, Accelerator Operations and Technology,  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Accelerator Concepts Accelerator Concepts Injectors Operations Physics CONTACTS Group Leader Robert Garnett Deputy Group Leader Kenneth Johnson Office Administrator Monica Sanchez Phone: (505) 667-2846 Put a short description of the graphic or its primary message here Accelerator and Beam Science The Accelerator and Beam Science (AOT-ABS) Group at Los Alamos addresses physics aspects of the driver accelerator for the LANSCE spallation neutron source and related topics. These activities are wide ranging and include generating negative and positive ions in plasma ion sources, creating ion beams from these particles, accelerating the ion beams in linear accelerator structures up to an energy of 800 MeV, compressing the negative hydrogen beam to packets of sub-microsecond duration and accumulating beam current in the Proton Storage Ring, and

387

Berkeley Proton Linear Accelerator  

DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

A linear accelerator, which increases the energy of protons from a 4 Mev Van de Graaff injector, to a final energy of 31.5 Mev, has been constructed. The accelerator consists of a cavity 40 feet long and 39 inches in diameter, excited at resonance in a longitudinal electric mode with a radio-frequency power of about 2.2 x 10{sup 6} watts peak at 202.5 mc. Acceleration is made possible by the introduction of 46 axial "drift tubes" into the cavity, which is designed such that the particles traverse the distance between the centers of successive tubes in one cycle of the r.f. power. The protons are longitudinally stable as in the synchrotron, and are stabilized transversely by the action of converging fields produced by focusing grids. The electrical cavity is constructed like an inverted airplane fuselage and is supported in a vacuum tank. Power is supplied by 9 high powered oscillators fed from a pulse generator of the artificial transmission line type.

Alvarez, L. W.; Bradner, H.; Franck, J.; Gordon, H.; Gow, J. D.; Marshall, L. C.; Oppenheimer, F. F.; Panofsky, W. K. H.; Richman, C.; Woodyard, J. R.

1953-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

388

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

LEUTL: Low Energy Undulator Test Line (operation: 1997-2002) LEUTL: Low Energy Undulator Test Line (operation: 1997-2002) The Low Energy Undulator Test Line (LEUTL) is an experimental hall and associated hardware that was built shortly after the completion of the Advanced Photon Source, and was attached to the APS so that the linac beam could be delivered to the LEUTL hall. LEUTL was configured as a Free Electron Laser (FEL) and was the first experiment to demonstrate Self Amplified Spontaneous Emission in the visible and UV. References - Document Access Guide Description of LEUTL by S. G. Biedron (Argonne National Laboratory Document ) High-Gain Harmonic-Generation Free-Electron Laser, L.-H. Yu, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, L.F. DiMauro, A. Doyuran, W. Graves, E. Johnson, S. Krinsky, R. Malone, I. Pogorelsky, J. Skaritka, G. Rakowsky, L. Solomon,

389

Ion acceleration from thin foil and extended plasma targets by slow electromagnetic wave and related ion-ion beam instability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When ions are accelerated by the radiation pressure of a laser pulse, their velocity cannot exceed the pulse group velocity which can be considerably smaller than the speed of light in vacuum. This is demonstrated in two cases corresponding to a thin foil target irradiated by high intensity laser light and to the hole boring produced in an extended plasma by the laser pulse. It is found that the beams of accelerated ions are unstable against Buneman-like and Weibel-like instabilities which results in the broadening of the ion energy spectrum.

Bulanov, S. V. [QuBS, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Kizugawa, Kyoto, 619-0215 (Japan); A. M. Prokhorov Institute of General Physics RAS, Moscow, 119991 (Russian Federation); Esirkepov, T. Zh.; Kando, M. [QuBS, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Kizugawa, Kyoto, 619-0215 (Japan); Pegoraro, F. [Physical Department, University of Pisa, Pisa 56127 (Italy); Bulanov, S. S. [University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Geddes, C. G. R.; Schroeder, C. B.; Esarey, E. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California, 94720 (United States); Leemans, W. P. [University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California, 94720 (United States)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

390

High Power Electrodynamics (HPE): Accelerator Operations and Technology,  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CONTACTS CONTACTS Group Leader Bruce Carlsten Deputy Group Leader Ellen Guenette Administrator Josephine (Jo) Torres High-Power Electrodynamics (HPE) The High-Power Electrodynamics (AOT-HPE) Group applies accelerator and beam technologies to national-security-directed energy missions. AOT-HPE has three programmatic thrusts: free-electron lasers (FELs), high-power microwaves (HPM), and compact radiography. To maintain a vigorous and robust technical base for addressing DOE and DoD needs, the group's project portfolio is balanced between exploratory research, infrastructure development, and programmatic deliverables for sponsors. Funding is roughly 25% from the Lab's Directed Research and Development Program, 65% from DoD, and 10% from DOE. Technology Focus Areas AOT-HPE is the Laboratory's main vehicle for applying accelerator-based technologies to directed-energy mission needs. The group recognizes that many directed-energy missions are enabled by compact high-brightness electron accelerators and mm-wave and THz technologies.

391

Proposed dielectric-based microstructure laser-driven undulator T. Plettner and R. L. Byer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sources that feed into permanent-magnet undulators. The distinguish- ing feature of the undulator proposed to couple a laser beam into an accelerating force that remains overlapped with the relativistic electron

Byer, Robert L.

392

Researchers' Hottest New Laser Beams 14.2 kW | Jefferson Lab  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Researchers' Hottest New Laser Beams 14.2 kW For more information: Office of Naval Research press release The linear accelerator portion of the FEL. On Thursday, Oct. 26,...

393

Making the Old New Again: Measuring Ultrashort X-ray Laser Pulses...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

free-electron lasers using a transverse deflector." Physical Review ST Accelerators and Beams. 14:120701 (2011). DOI: 10.1103PhysRevSTAB.14.120701 External link V. A. Dolgashev...

394

Fermilab | Illinois Accelerator Research Center | Fermilab Core...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Refrigeration systems Control, Interlock, and Data acquisition systems VHDL, PLD, PLC, DSP programming Accelerator Engineering Complete accelerator design, fabrication,...

395

Siemens Technology Accelerator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Siemens Technology Accelerator Place: Germany Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Subsidiary Division ) References: Siemens Technology Accelerator1...

396

Safety of Accelerator Facilities - DOE Directives, Delegations...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Health, Environmental Protection, Facility Authorization, Safety The order defines accelerators and establishes accelerator specific safety requirements and approval authorities...

397

Accelerating Clean Energy Adoption (Fact Sheet), Weatherization...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Accelerating Clean Energy Adoption (Fact Sheet), Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program (WIP) Accelerating Clean Energy Adoption (Fact Sheet), Weatherization and...

398

Accelerating Energy Savings Performance Contracting Through Model...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Accelerating Energy Savings Performance Contracting Through Model Statewide Programs Accelerating Energy Savings Performance Contracting Through Model Statewide Programs Provides...

399

Inhomogeneity implies accelerated expansion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Einstein equations for an inhomogeneous irrotational dust universe are analyzed. A set of mild assumptions, all of which are shared by the standard Friedmann-Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker–type scenarios, results in a model that depends only on the distribution of scalar spatial curvature. If the shape of this distribution is made to fit the structure of the present Universe, with most of the matter in galaxy clusters and very little in the voids that will eventually dominate the volume, then there is a period of accelerated expansion after cluster formation, even in the absence of a cosmological constant.

Harald Skarke

2014-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

400

Black holes at accelerators.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ar X iv :h ep -p h/ 05 11 12 8v 3 6 A pr 2 00 6 Black Holes at Accelerators Bryan Webber Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 0HE, UK In theories with large extra dimensions and TeV-scale gravity, black holes... 2000 3000 Missing ET (GeV) Ar bi tra ry S ca le p p ? QCD SUSY 5 TeV BH (n=6) 5 TeV BH (n=2) (PT > 600 GeV) (SUGRA point 5) Figure 10: Missing transverse energy for various processes at the LHC. 4.2. Event Characteristics Turning from single...

Webber, Bryan R

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "laser accelerator bella" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Fermilab Collaboration Fermilab Collaboration Lee Teng Scholarship Program Useful Links The Argonne Accelerator Institute Historical Document Collection Document Access Guide The documents in this collection are held in several repositories, some of which have restricted access. This guide explains the different types of access, and specifies the access levels for each repository. Repositories Name Access Argonne National Laboratory Document Open Access Argonne Research Library Hard Copy Only Beam Dynamics Newsletter Open Access DOE Information Bridge Open Access IEEE Xplore Library Subscription Required JACoW Open Access Journal of Applied Physics Subscription Required Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research, Section A Subscription Required Physical Review A Subscription Required

402

Modeling laser wakefield accelerators in a Lorentz boosted frame  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on axis, beam average energy history and momentum spread aton the mean beam energy histories and on the longitudinalgave the same beam energy history within a few percents, and

Vay, J.-L.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Modeling laser wakefield accelerators in a Lorentz boosted frame  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on axis, beam average energy history and momentum spread aton the mean beam energy histories and on the lon- gitudinalgave the same beam energy history within a few percents, and

Vay, J.-L.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Accelerated guided atomic pulse  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The deleterious effects of dispersion on a propagating coherent atomic pulse, along the axis of a traveling-wave laser beam, can be ameliorated by the nonlinear self-interacting force due to dipole-dipole coupling between atoms. We show that a wide atomic pulse with a particular profile can retain its shape during propagation and, moreover, the momentum of the pulse increases due to photon absorption. For the wide soliton case, we demonstrate analytically that the self-interacting atomic force scales inversely with the third power of the pulse width.

S. Dyrting; Weiping Zhang; B. C. Sanders

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Method and apparatus for laser-controlled proton beam radiology  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A proton beam radiology system provides cancer treatment and proton radiography. The system includes an accelerator for producing an H.sup.- beam and a laser source for generating a laser beam. A photodetachment module is located proximate the periphery of the accelerator. The photodetachment module combines the H.sup.- beam and laser beam to produce a neutral beam therefrom within a subsection of the H.sup.- beam. The photodetachment module emits the neutral beam along a trajectory defined by the laser beam. The photodetachment module includes a stripping foil which forms a proton beam from the neutral beam. The proton beam is delivered to a conveyance segment which transports the proton beam to a patient treatment station. The photodetachment module further includes a laser scanner which moves the laser beam along a path transverse to the cross-section of the H.sup.- beam in order to form the neutral beam in subsections of the H.sup.- beam. As the scanning laser moves across the H.sup.- beam, it similarly varies the trajectory of the proton beam emitted from the photodetachment module and in turn varies the target location of the proton beam upon the patient. Intensity modulation of the proton beam can also be achieved by controlling the output of the laser.

Johnstone, Carol J. (Warrenville, IL)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Method and apparatus for laser-controlled proton beam radiology  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A proton beam radiology system provides cancer treatment and proton radiography. The system includes an accelerator for producing an H{sup {minus}} beam and a laser source for generating a laser beam. A photodetachment module is located proximate the periphery of the accelerator. The photodetachment module combines the H{sup {minus}} beam and laser beam to produce a neutral beam therefrom within a subsection of the H{sup {minus}} beam. The photodetachment module emits the neutral beam along a trajectory defined by the laser beam. The photodetachment module includes a stripping foil which forms a proton beam from the neutral beam. The proton beam is delivered to a conveyance segment which transports the proton beam to a patient treatment station. The photodetachment module further includes a laser scanner which moves the laser beam along a path transverse to the cross-section of the H{sup {minus}} beam in order to form the neutral beam in subsections of the H{sup {minus}} beam. As the scanning laser moves across the H{sup {minus}} beam, it similarly varies the trajectory of the proton beam emitted from the photodetachment module and in turn varies the target location of the proton beam upon the patient. Intensity modulation of the proton beam can also be achieved by controlling the output of the laser. 9 figs.

Johnstone, C.J.

1998-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

407

Magnetic Insulation for Electrostatic Accelerators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The voltage gradient which can be sustained between electrodes without electrical breakdowns is usually one of the most important parameters in determining the performance which can be obtained in an electrostatic accelerator. We have recently proposed a technique which might permit reliable operation of electrostatic accelerators at higher electric field gradients, perhaps also with less time required for the conditioning process in such accelerators. The idea is to run an electric current through each accelerator stage so as to produce a magnetic field which envelopes each electrode and its electrically conducting support structures. Having the magnetic field everywhere parallel to the conducting surfaces in the accelerator should impede the emission of electrons, and inhibit their ability to acquire energy from the electric field, thus reducing the chance that local electron emission will initiate an arc. A relatively simple experiment to assess this technique is being planned. If successful, this technique might eventually find applicability in electrostatic accelerators for fusion and other applications.

Grisham, L. R. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, P. O. Box 451, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States)

2011-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

408

Single electron beam rf feedback free electron laser  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A free electron laser system and electron beam system for a free electron laser which uses rf feedback to enhance efficiency are described. Rf energy is extracted from a single electron beam by decelerating cavities and energy is returned to accelerating cavities using rf returns, such as rf waveguides, rf feedthroughs, resonant feedthroughs, etc. This rf energy is added to rf klystron energy to reduce the required input energy and thereby enhance energy efficiency of the system.

Brau, C.A.; Stein, W.E.; Rockwood, S.D.

1981-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

409

Modern electron accelerators for radiography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the past dozen years or so there have been significant advances in electron accelerators designed specifically for radiography of hydrodynamic experiments. Accelerator technology has evolved to accomodate the radiographers' contitiuing quest for multiple images in t h e and space:, improvements in electron beam quality have resulted in smaller radiographic spot sizes for better resolution, while higher radiation do% now provides imprcwed penetration of large, dense objects. Inductive isolation and acceleration techniques have played a ley rob in these advances.

Ekdahl, C. A. (Carl A.)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Cast dielectric composite linear accelerator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A linear accelerator having cast dielectric composite layers integrally formed with conductor electrodes in a solventless fabrication process, with the cast dielectric composite preferably having a nanoparticle filler in an organic polymer such as a thermosetting resin. By incorporating this cast dielectric composite the dielectric constant of critical insulating layers of the transmission lines of the accelerator are increased while simultaneously maintaining high dielectric strengths for the accelerator.

Sanders, David M. (Livermore, CA); Sampayan, Stephen (Manteca, CA); Slenes, Kirk (Albuquerque, NM); Stoller, H. M. (Albuquerque, NM)

2009-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

411

Accelerating and Retarding Anomalous Diffusion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper Gaussian models of retarded and accelerated anomalous diffusion are considered. Stochastic differential equations of fractional order driven by single or multiple fractional Gaussian noise terms are introduced to describe retarding and accelerating subdiffusion and superdiffusion. Short and long time asymptotic limits of the mean squared displacement of the stochastic processes associated with the solutions of these equations are studied. Specific cases of these equations are shown to provide possible descriptions of retarding or accelerating anomalous diffusion.

Chai Hok Eab; S. C. Lim

2012-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

412

Control of focusing forces and emittances in plasma-based accelerators using near-hollow plasma channels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A near-hollow plasma channel, where the plasma density in the channel is much less than the plasma density in the walls, is proposed to provide independent control over the focusing and accelerating forces in a plasma accelerator. In this geometry the low density in the channel contributes to the focusing forces, while the accelerating fields are determined by the high density in the channel walls. The channel also provides guiding for intense laser pulses used for wakefield excitation. Both electron and positron beams can be accelerated in a nearly symmetric fashion. Near-hollow plasma channels can effectively mitigate emittance growth due to Coulomb scattering for high energy physics applications.

Schroeder, Carl; Esarey, Eric; Benedetti, Carlo; Leemans, Wim

2013-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

413

Challenges in Accelerator Beam Instrumentation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The challenges in beam instrumentation and diagnostics for present and future particle accelerator projects are presented. A few examples for advanced hadron and lepton beam diagnostics are given.

Wendt, M.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

High field gradient particle accelerator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high electric field gradient electron accelerator utilizing short duration, microwave radiation, and capable of operating at high field gradients for high energy physics applications or at reduced electric field gradients for high average current intermediate energy accelerator applications is disclosed. Particles are accelerated in a smooth bore, periodic undulating waveguide, wherein the period is so selected that the particles slip an integral number of cycles of the r.f. wave every period of the structure. This phase step of the particles produces substantially continuous acceleration in a traveling wave without transverse magnetic or other guide means for the particle. 10 figs.

Nation, J.A.; Greenwald, S.

1989-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

415

High field gradient particle accelerator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high electric field gradient electron accelerator utilizing short duration, microwave radiation, and capable of operating at high field gradients for high energy physics applications or at reduced electric field gradients for high average current intermediate energy accelerator applications. Particles are accelerated in a smooth bore, periodic undulating waveguide, wherein the period is so selected that the particles slip an integral number of cycles of the r.f. wave every period of the structure. This phase step of the particles produces substantially continuous acceleration in a traveling wave without transverse magnetic or other guide means for the particle.

Nation, John A. (Ithaca, NY); Greenwald, Shlomo (Haifa, IL)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Advances in CTIX Accelerator Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Several new experiments have been conducted on the UC Davis repetitive-pulsed spheromak-like compact toroid (SCT) accelerator (CTIX...

D. Q. Hwang; R. D. Horton; S. Howard; R. W. Evans…

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Accelerating Combined Heat & Power Deployment  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

ACCELERATING COMBINED HEAT & POWER DEPLOYMENT An Industry Consultation by the United States Energy Association August 31, 2011 Cover Photograph: CHP Plant at the Mueller Energy...

418

Non-Paraxial Accelerating Beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the spatially accelerating solutions of the Maxwell equations. Such non-paraxial beams accelerate in a circular trajectory, thus generalizing the concept of Airy beams. For both TE and TM polarizations, the beams exhibit shape-preserving bending with sub-wavelength features, and the Poynting vector of the main lobe displays a turn of more than 90 degrees. We show that these accelerating beams are self-healing, analyze their properties, and compare to the paraxial Airy beams. Finally, we present the new family of periodic accelerating beams which can be constructed from our solutions.

Ido Kaminer; Rivka Bekenstein; Jonathan Nemirovsky; Mordechai Segev

2012-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

419

Accelerate Energy Productivity 2030 Launch  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Today, the Department of Energy kicked off Accelerate Energy Productivity 2030. This initiative supports President Obama’s goal to double our energy productivity by 2030.

420

High energy density micro plasma bunch from multiple laser interaction with thin target  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Three-dimensional particle-in-cell simulation is used to investigate radiation-pressure driven acceleration and compression of small solid-density plasma by intense laser pulses. It is found that multiple impacts by presently available short-pulse lasers on a small hemispheric shell target can create a long-living tiny quasineutral monoenergetic plasma bunch of very high energy density.

Xu, Han [National Laboratory for Parallel and Distributed Processing, College of Computer Science, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073 (China); Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Shanghai 201800 (China); Yu, Wei; Luan, S. X.; Xu, Z. Z. [Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Shanghai 201800 (China); Yu, M. Y., E-mail: myyu@zju.edu.cn [Physics Department, Institute for Fusion Theory and Simulation, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Institute for Theoretical Physics I, Ruhr University, Bochum D-44780 (Germany); Cai, H. B.; Zhou, C. T. [Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, Beijing 100088 (China); Yang, X. H.; Yin, Y.; Zhuo, H. B. [College of Science, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha (China); Wang, J. W. [Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Shanghai 201800 (China); Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan); Murakami, M. [Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan)

2014-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "laser accelerator bella" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Science Accelerator : User Login  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Login Login The Science Accelerator ALERTS feature will automatically update you regarding newly available information in your specific area(s) of interest. Simply register for the service, then create a search strategy which will be run against information added to . Select a schedule (weekly, monthly, etc.) for receiving the email Alerts. If you are a new patron, Register to learn how to set up Alerts to meet your needs. If you are an existing patron, enter your user name and password in the boxes to login. Once logged in, you may review or modify your search, add a new search and see recent Alerts results. User Name: Password: Remember Me Remember me on this computer. Login Don't have a user name? Register! Forgot your password? Reset your password Alerts The Alerts function allows you to monitor a topic and receive timely

422

Science Accelerator : Your Selections  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Your Selections Back To Previous Page Selections - of First Page Previous Page Next Page Last Page Back To Previous Page You have 0 selections. Click the checkboxes clipping.addClipping on the results or alert results pages to add to your selections. Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site. U.S. Department of Energy U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science Office of Scientific and Technical Information Website Policies/Important Links Science Accelerator science.gov WorldWideScience.org Deep Web Technologies Email Results Use this form to email your search results * Email this to: * Your Name: Comments: URL only?: Number of results: 10 20 50 100 200 All Email Format: HTML TEXT * Required field Print Results

423

Accelerated overlap fermions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Numerical evaluation of the overlap Dirac operator is difficult since it contains the sign function ?(Hw) of the Hermitian Wilson-Dirac operator Hw with a negative mass term. The problems are due to Hw having very small eigenvalues on the equilibrium background configurations generated in current day Monte Carlo simulations. Since these are a consequence of the lattice discretization and do not occur in the continuum version of the operator, we investigate in this paper to what extent the numerical evaluation of the overlap can be accelerated by making the Wilson-Dirac operator more continuum-like. Specifically, we study the effect of including the clover term in the Wilson-Dirac operator and smearing the link variables in the irrelevant terms. In doing so, we have obtained a factor of 2 speedup by moving from the Wilson action to a fat link irrelevant clover action as the overlap kernel.

Waseem Kamleh; David H. Adams; Derek B. Leinweber; Anthony G. Williams

2002-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

424

Muon Collider Progress: Accelerators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A muon collider would be a powerful tool for exploring the energy-frontier with leptons, and would complement the studies now under way at the LHC. Such a device would offer several important benefits. Muons, like electrons, are point particles so the full center-of-mass energy is available for particle production. Moreover, on account of their higher mass, muons give rise to very little synchrotron radiation and produce very little beamstrahlung. The first feature permits the use of a circular collider that can make efficient use of the expensive rf system and whose footprint is compatible with an existing laboratory site. The second feature leads to a relatively narrow energy spread at the collision point. Designing an accelerator complex for a muon collider is a challenging task. Firstly, the muons are produced as a tertiary beam, so a high-power proton beam and a target that can withstand it are needed to provide the required luminosity of ~1 × 10{sup 34} cm{sup –2}s{sup –1}. Secondly, the beam is initially produced with a large 6D phase space, which necessitates a scheme for reducing the muon beam emittance (“cooling”). Finally, the muon has a short lifetime so all beam manipulations must be done very rapidly. The Muon Accelerator Program, led by Fermilab and including a number of U.S. national laboratories and universities, has undertaken design and R&D activities aimed toward the eventual construction of a muon collider. Design features of such a facility and the supporting R&D program are described.

Zisman, Michael S.

2011-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

425

Jupiter Laser Facility  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Jupiter Laser Facility The commissioning of the Titan Petawatt-Class laser to LLNL's Jupiter Laser Facility (JLF) has provided a unique platform for the use of petawatt (PW)-class...

426

Hypersonic gasdynamic laser system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes a visible, or near to mid infra-red, hypersonic gas dynamic laser system. It comprises: a hypersonic vehicle for carrying the hypersonic gas dynamic laser system, and also providing high energy ram air for thermodynamic excitation and supply of the laser gas; a laser cavity defined within the hypersonic vehicle and having a laser cavity inlet for the laser cavity formed by an opening in the hypersonic vehicle, such that ram air directed through the laser cavity opening supports gas dynamic lasing operations at wavelengths less than 10.6{mu} meters in the laser cavity; and an optical train for collecting the laser radiation from the laser cavity and directing it as a substantially collimated laser beam to an output aperture defined by an opening in the hypersonic vehicle to allow the laser beam to be directed against a target.

Foreman, K.M.; Maciulaitis, A.

1990-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

427

Terahertz quantum cascade lasers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Michael Pepper Terahertz quantum cascade lasers Jerome Faist 1 Lassaad Ajili...developments in terahertz quantum cascade lasers are reviewed. Structures...magnetic confinement| Terahertz quantum cascade lasers. | Recent developments in...

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Controlled Electron Injection into Plasma Accelerators and SpaceCharge Estimates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plasma based accelerators are capable of producing electron sources which are ultra-compact (a few microns) and high energies (up to hundreds of MeVs) in much shorter distances than conventional accelerators. This is due to the large longitudinal electric field that can be excited without the limitation of breakdown as in RF structures.The characteristic scale length of the accelerating field is the plasma wavelength and for typical densities ranging from 1018 - 1019 cm-3, the accelerating fields and scale length can hence be on the order of 10-100GV/m and 10-40 mu m, respectively. The production of quasimonoenergetic beams was recently obtained in a regime relying on self-trapping of background plasma electrons, using a single laser pulse for wakefield generation. In this dissertation, we study the controlled injection via the beating of two lasers (the pump laser pulse creating the plasma wave and a second beam being propagated in opposite direction) which induce a localized injection of background plasma electrons. The aim of this dissertation is to describe in detail the physics of optical injection using two lasers, the characteristics of the electron beams produced (the micrometer scale plasma wavelength can result in femtosecond and even attosecond bunches) as well as a concise estimate of the effects of space charge on the dynamics of an ultra-dense electron bunch with a large energy spread.

Fubiani, Gwenael J.

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Strongly Inhibited Rayleigh-Taylor Growth with 0.25-?m Lasers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is shown through numerical simulation that the Rayleigh-Taylor growth rate for targets accelerated by laser ablation, is reduced below the classical value, (kg)12, by factors of 3-4 with 0.25-?m laser light. The simulation results are supported by an analytical expression for the growth rates. These results provide further evidence for the viability of high-aspect-ratio shells in direct-drive laser fusion.

Mark H. Emery; John H. Gardner; Stephen E. Bodner

1986-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

430

General purpose programmable accelerator board  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A general purpose accelerator board and acceleration method comprising use of: one or more programmable logic devices; a plurality of memory blocks; bus interface for communicating data between the memory blocks and devices external to the board; and dynamic programming capabilities for providing logic to the programmable logic device to be executed on data in the memory blocks.

Robertson, Perry J. (Albuquerque, NM); Witzke, Edward L. (Edgewood, NM)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

First operation of the Rocketdyne/Stanford free electron laser  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A near infrared free electron laser (FEL) has been built and installed by Rocketdyne in the Stanford Photon Research Laboratory. The Rocketdyne/Stanford FEL utilizes a very high quality, 2 m long, permanent magnet planar wiggler whose gap may be continuously tuned, and magnetic field axially tapered by varying the gap at one end relative to the other. The laser is operated with an e-beam supplied by the Stanford Mark-III accelerator. A stable resonator with a broadband, dielectric coated element permits transmissive outcoupling over the 2.7–3.7 ?m wavelength range. Results from initial operation of this laser are presented.

Anup Bhowmik; Mark S. Curtin; Wayne A. McMullin; Stephen V. Benson; John M.J. Madey; Bruce A. Richman; Louis Vintro

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Rapid heating of solid density material by a petawatt laser  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Time-resolved x-ray spectra from solid targets irradiated by the VULCAN Petawatt laser focused to 10{sup 20} W cm{sup -2} show that material at solid density is heated to temperatures above 500 eV to a depth of about 15 {mu}m and for a duration of more than 30 ps. Modeling with the implicit hybrid plasma code LSP shows that the heating is sensitive to the laser prepulse through resistive inhibition of the laser accelerated electrons in the blow off layer.

Evans, R.G.; Clark, E.L.; Eagleton, R.T.; Dunne, A.M.; Edwards, R.D.; Garbett, W.J.; Goldsack, T.J.; James, S.; Smith, C.C.; Thomas, B.R.; Clarke, R.; Neely, D.J.; Rose, S.J. [AWE plc, Aldermaston, Reading, RG7 4PR (United Kingdom); Central LaserFacility, CCLRC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (United Kingdom); Clarendon Laboratory, University of Oxford (United Kingdom)

2005-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

433

SPEAR3 Accelerator Physics Update  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

SPEAR3 ACCELERATOR PHYSICS UPDATE* SPEAR3 ACCELERATOR PHYSICS UPDATE* J. Safranek # , W.J. Corbett, R. Hettel, X. Huang, Y. Nosochkov, J. Sebek, A. Terebilo, SSRL/SLAC, Menlo Park, CA, U.S.A. Abstract The SPEAR3 [1,2] storage ring at Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory has been delivering photon beams for three years. We will give an overview of recent and ongoing accelerator physics activities, including 500 mA fills, work toward top-off injection, long-term orbit stability characterization and improvement, fast orbit feedback, new chicane optics, low alpha optics & short bunches, low emittance optics, and MATLAB software. The accelerator physics group has a strong program to characterize and improve SPEAR3 performance. INTRODUCTION In this summary of the past three years of accelerator

434

Laser Desorption Analysis | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Laser Desorption Analysis Laser Desorption Analysis EMSL offers a suite of instrumentation dedicated to understanding photoreactivity in the condensed phase, on surfaces, and at...

435

Laser Desorption Analysis | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

neutral particle detection using a second multiphoton ionization or REMPI laser system; and UHV surface diagnostic equipment (AES, LEED, XPS). User Portal Name: Laser...

436

Laser Safety Management Policy Statement ............................................................................................................1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laser Safety Management Policy Statement...........................................................2 Laser Users.............................................................................................................2 Unit Laser Safety Officer (ULSO

Davidson, Fordyce A.

437

Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility Site Tour - Accelerator Map  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Counting House Free Electron Accelerator Facility Machine Control Center Physics Storage Building North Linear Accelerator South Linear Accelerator VEPCO Substation Machine Control Center Annex Machine Control Center Annex II North Access Building South Access Building Central Helium Liquefier Injector Hall A Truck Ramp Hall B Truck Ramp Hall C Truck Ramp Experimental Hall A Experimental Hall B Experimental Hall C East Arc West Arc Counting House Free Electron Accelerator Facility Machine Control Center Physics Storage Building North Linear Accelerator South Linear Accelerator VEPCO Substation Machine Control Center Annex Machine Control Center Annex II North Access Building South Access Building Central Helium Liquefier Injector Hall A Truck Ramp Hall B Truck Ramp Hall C Truck Ramp Experimental Hall A Experimental Hall B Experimental Hall C East Arc West Arc Science Education Jefferson Lab Jefferson Lab Home Search Jefferson Lab Contact Jefferson Lab Science Education Home Teacher Resources Student Zone Games and Puzzles Science Cinema Programs and Events Search Education Privacy and Security Notice Jefferson Lab Site Tour Guided Tour Site Map Accelerator Area Map Administrative Area Map Tour Index

438

Institute for Advanced Study Christine Di Bella Institute for...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

schol- ars including Albert Einstein, Erwin Panofsky, John von Neu- mann, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Freeman Dyson, Kurt Gdel, George Kennan, Clifford Geertz, Joan Wallach Scott,...

439

Community petascale project for accelerator science and simulation: Advancing computational science for future accelerators and accelerator technologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

al. 2005 Impact of SciDAC on accelerator projects across the171; Spentzouris P 2006 Accelerator modeling under SciDAC:of next-generation accelerator design, analysis, and

Spentzouris, Panagiotis

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Laser Stabilization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This book chapter covers the basics of the field of stabilizing lasers to optical frequency references such as optical cavities and molecular transitions via the application of servo control systems. These discussions are given with reference to the real-life frequency metrology experienced in Hall-Labs (now Ye-Labs), JILA, University of Colorado. The subjects covered include: the basics of control system stability, a discussion of both the theoretical and experimental limitations, an outline of optical cavity susceptibility to environmental noise, and a brief introduction to the use and limitations of molecular transitions as frequency references.

Hall, John L.; Taubman, Matthew S.; Ye, Jun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "laser accelerator bella" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Omega Laser Facility - Laboratory for Laser Energetics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

- Laboratory for Laser Energetics Laboratory for Laser Energetics Logo Search Home Around the Lab Past Issues Past Quick Shots About Office of the Director Map to LLE LLE Tours LLE...

442

OMEGA Laser - Laboratory for Laser Energetics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

- Laboratory for Laser Energetics Laboratory for Laser Energetics Logo Search Home Around the Lab Past Issues Past Quick Shots About Office of the Director Map to LLE LLE Tours LLE...

443

OMEGA Laser Drivers - Laboratory for Laser Energetics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Drivers - Laboratory for Laser Energetics Laboratory for Laser Energetics Logo Search Home Around the Lab Past Issues Past Quick Shots About Office of the Director Map to LLE LLE...

444

EXOTIC MAGNETS FOR ACCELERATORS.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the last few years, several novel magnet designs have been introduced to meet the requirements of new, high performance accelerators and beam lines. For example, the FAIR project at GSI requires superconducting magnets ramped at high rates ({approx} 4 T/s) in order to achieve the design intensity. Magnets for the RIA and FAIR projects and for the next generation of LHC interaction regions will need to withstand high doses of radiation. Helical magnets are required to maintain and control the polarization of high energy protons at RHIC. In other cases, novel magnets have been designed in response to limited budgets and space. For example, it is planned to use combined function superconducting magnets for the 50 GeV proton transport line at J-PARC to satisfy both budget and performance requirements. Novel coil winding methods have been developed for short, large aperture magnets such as those used in the insertion region upgrade at BEPC. This paper will highlight the novel features of these exotic magnets.

WANDERER, P.

2005-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

445

RFQ accelerator tuning system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A cooling system is provided for maintaining a preselected operating temperature in a device, which may be an RFQ accelerator, having a variable heat removal requirement, by circulating a cooling fluid through a cooling system remote from the device. Internal sensors in the device enable an estimated error signal to be generated from parameters which are indicative of the heat removal requirement from the device. Sensors are provided at predetermined locations in the cooling system for outputting operational temperature signals. Analog and digital computers define a control signal functionally related to the temperature signals and the estimated error signal, where the control signal is defined effective to return the device to the preselected operating temperature in a stable manner. The cooling system includes a first heat sink responsive to a first portion of the control signal to remove heat from a major portion of the circulating fluid. A second heat sink is responsive to a second portion of the control signal to remove heat from a minor portion of the circulating fluid. The cooled major and minor portions of the circulating fluid are mixed in response to a mixing portion of the control signal, which is effective to proportion the major and minor portions of the circulating fluid to establish a mixed fluid temperature which is effective to define the preselected operating temperature for the remote device. In an RFQ environment the stable temperature control enables the resonant frequency of the device to be maintained at substantially a predetermined value during transient operations.

Bolie, Victor W. (Albuquerque, NM)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

RFQ accelerator tuning system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A cooling system is provided for maintaining a preselected operating temperature in a device, which may be an RFQ accelerator, having a variable heat removal requirement, by circulating a cooling fluid through a cooling system remote from the device. Internal sensors in the device enable an estimated error signal to be generated from parameters which are indicative of the heat removal requirement from the device. Sensors are provided at predetermined locations in the cooling system for outputting operational temperature signals. Analog and digital computers define a control signal functionally related to the temperature signals and the estimated error signal, where the control signal is defined effective to return the device to the preselected operating temperature in a stable manner. The cooling system includes a first heat sink responsive to a first portion of the control signal to remove heat from a major portion of the circulating fluid. A second heat sink is responsive to a second portion of the control signal to remove heat from a minor portion of the circulating fluid. The cooled major and minor portions of the circulating fluid are mixed in response to a mixing portion of the control signal, which is effective to proportion the major and minor portions of the circulating fluid to establish a mixed fluid temperature which is effective to define the preselected operating temperature for the remote device. In an RFQ environment the stable temperature control enables the resonant frequency of the device to be maintained at substantially a predetermined value during transient operations. 3 figs.

Bolie, V.W.

1990-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

447

The laser satellites communications and laser noises  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The gain of advanced optical communication systems is reduced by the noise of optical source. Coherent optical communication systems are in particular very sensitive to the noise transmitter and local laser. Optical space communications is on the verge ... Keywords: laser, laser communication, noise limits, optical communication, range loss, satellite communications, satellite systems, signal transfer loss, space channel

Marketa Mazalkova

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Improvement of energy-conversion efficiency from laser to proton beam in a laser-foil interaction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Improvement of energy-conversion efficiency from laser to proton beam is demonstrated by particle simulations in a laser-foil interaction. When an intense short-pulse laser illuminates the thin-foil target, the foil electrons are accelerated around the target by the ponderomotive force. The hot electrons generate a strong electric field, which accelerates the foil protons, and the proton beam is generated. In this paper a multihole thin-foil target is proposed in order to increase the energy-conversion efficiency from laser to protons. The multiholes transpiercing the foil target help to enhance the laser-proton energy-conversion efficiency significantly. Particle-in-cell 2.5-dimensional (x, y, vx, vy, vz) simulations present that the total laser-proton energy-conversion efficiency becomes 9.3% for the multihole target, though the energy-conversion efficiency is 1.5% for a plain thin-foil target. The maximum proton energy is 10.0MeV for the multihole target and is 3.14MeV for the plain target. The transpiercing multihole target serves as a new method to increase the energy-conversion efficiency from laser to ions.

Y. Nodera; S. Kawata; N. Onuma; J. Limpouch; O. Klimo; T. Kikuchi

2008-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

449

RESEARCH ON HIGH BEAM-CURRENT ACCELERATORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and M. Wilson, Particle Accelerators 10, 223 13. A. I.Proc. 1976 Proton Linear Accelerator Conf. , Chalk River,and D. Keefe, Particle Accelerators~' 23. S. Humphries, J.

Keefe, Denis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

CALCIUM SULFATE-INDUCED ACCELERATED CORROSION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

10286 CALCIUM SULFATE-INDUCED ACCELERATED CORROSION HilaryCT Calcium Sulf(1te··induced Accelerated Corrosion By Hilaryof the Caso - induced accelerated attack on pure iron and

Akuezue, Hilary Chikezie

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Application of particle accelerators in research  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......prospectives is presented. Accelerators in research are widely...to solid state, nuclear and atomic physics...bunches-multi bunch accelerator) and decrease the...In a multi-bunch accelerator, separate vacuum chambers are needed......

Giovanni Mazzitelli

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

PROTON ACCELERATION AT OBLIQUE SHOCKS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Acceleration at the shock waves propagating oblique to the magnetic field is studied using a recently developed theoretical/numerical model. The model assumes that resonant hydromagnetic wave-particle interaction is the most important physical mechanism relevant to motion and acceleration of particles as well as to excitation and damping of waves. The treatment of plasma and waves is self-consistent and time dependent. The model uses conservation laws and resonance conditions to find where waves will be generated or damped, and hence particles will be pitch-angle-scattered. The total distribution is included in the model and neither introduction of separate population of seed particles nor some ad hoc escape rate of accelerated particles is needed. Results of the study show agreement with diffusive shock acceleration models in the prediction of power spectra for accelerated particles in the upstream region. However, they also reveal the presence of spectral break in the high-energy part of the spectra. The role of the second-order Fermi-like acceleration at the initial stage of the acceleration is discussed. The test case used in the paper is based on ISEE-3 data collected for the shock of 1978 November 12.

Galinsky, V. L.; Shevchenko, V. I., E-mail: vit@ucsd.edu [ECE Department, UC San Diego, MC 407, La Jolla, CA 92093-0407 (United States)

2011-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

453

Free electron laser amplifier driven by an induction linac  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses the use of a free-electron laser amplifier as a means of converting the kinetic energy of an electron beam into coherent radiation. In particular, the use of an induction linear accelerator is discussed. The motion of the elections in the tapered and untapered wiggler magnets is discussed as well as the beam emittance, and the radiation fields involved. (LSP)

Neil, V.K.

1986-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

454

Cosmic Particle Acceleration: Basic Issues  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cosmic-rays are ubiquitous, but their origins are surprisingly difficult to understand. A review is presented of some of the basic issues common to cosmic particle accelerators and arguments leading to the likely importance of diffusive shock acceleration as a general explanation. The basic theory of diffusive shock acceleration is outlined, followed by a discussion of some of the key issues that still prevent us from a full understanding of its outcomes. Some recent insights are mentioned at the end that may help direct ultimate resolution of our uncertainties.

T. W. Jones

2000-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

455

ASTA at Fermilab: Accelerator Physics and Accelerator Education Programs at the Modern Accelerator R&D Users Facility for HEP and Accelerator Applications.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the current and planned beam physics research program and accelerator education program at Advanced Superconducting Test Accelerator (ASTA) at Fermilab.

Shiltsev, V.; Piot, P.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

An Accelerator Control Middle Layer Using MATLAB  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accelerator Modeling with MATLAB Accelerator Toolbox,” PACChannel Access Toolbox for Matlab," ICALEPCS 2001. [4] J.Orbit Control Using MATLAB,” PAC 2001. [5] J. Safranek, G.

Portmann, Gregory J.; Corbett, Jeff; Terebilo, Andrei

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Development of Artificial Ash Accelerated Accumulation Test ...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Artificial Ash Accelerated Accumulation Test Development of Artificial Ash Accelerated Accumulation Test Poster presented at the 16th Directions in Engine-Efficiency and Emissions...

458

Chevrolet Malibu HEV Accelerated Testing - June 2013  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Malibu HEV Accelerated Testing - June 2013 Four model year 2013 Chevrolet Malibu hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) entered Accelerated testing during November 2012 in a fleet in...

459

Comparing Accelerated Testing and Outdoor Exposure | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Comparing Accelerated Testing and Outdoor Exposure Comparing Accelerated Testing and Outdoor Exposure Presented at the PV Module Reliability Workshop, February 26 - 27 2013,...

460

Accelerated Testing Validation | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Accelerated Testing Validation Accelerated Testing Validation Presented at the Department of Energy Fuel Cell Projects Kickoff Meeting, September 1 - October 1, 2009...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "laser accelerator bella" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Hyundai Sonata HEV Accelerated Testing - March 2013  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Hyundai Sonata HEV Accelerated Testing - March 2013 Two model year 2011 Hyundai Sonata hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) entered Accelerated testing during June 2011 in a fleet in...

462

CRAD, Occupational Safety & Health - Idaho Accelerated Retrieval...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Occupational Safety & Health - Idaho Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase II CRAD, Occupational Safety & Health - Idaho Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase II February 2006 A...

463

RDC receives award for Accelerate Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Issues submit RDC receives award for Accelerate Program Accelerate is designed to help graduate more technical career students, place them in jobs, and better prepare them...

464

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory Technology Marketing Summaries...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory Technology Marketing Summaries Here you'll find marketing summaries for technologies available for licensing from the SLAC National Accelerator...

465

Early Days of Accelerator Mass Spectrometry  

DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

Alvarez reviews his role in the development of the tandem Van de Graaff accelerator and the technique of accelerator mass spectrometry as a technique for isotope dating. (GHT)

Alvarez, L. W.

1981-05-00T23:59:59.000Z

466

Independent Oversight Inspection, Stanford Linear Accelerator...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Stanford Linear Accelerator Center - January 2007 January 2007 Inspection of Environment, Safety, and Health Programs at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center This report...

467

Lab announces Venture Acceleration Fund recipients  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Inc., and ThermaSun Inc. as recipients of awards from the Los Alamos National Security, LLC Venture Acceleration Fund. The Laboratory's Venture Acceleration Fund provides...

468

ablation laser spectrometer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ablation laser mass spectrometer molecular beam REMPI laser NREL has designed and developed a combined laser ablation/ pulsed sample introduction/mass spectrometry platform that integrates pyrolysis and/or laser ablation with resonance- enhanced multiphoton ionization (REMPI) time-of-flight mass

469

Narrow gap laser welding  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A laser welding process including: (a) using optical ray tracing to make a model of a laser beam and the geometry of a joint to be welded; (b) adjusting variables in the model to choose variables for use in making a laser weld; and (c) laser welding the joint to be welded using the chosen variables. 34 figs.

Milewski, J.O.; Sklar, E.

1998-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

470

Narrow gap laser welding  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A laser welding process including: (a) using optical ray tracing to make a model of a laser beam and the geometry of a joint to be welded; (b) adjusting variables in the model to choose variables for use in making a laser weld; and (c) laser welding the joint to be welded using the chosen variables.

Milewski, John O. (Santa Fe, NM); Sklar, Edward (Santa Fe, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Short wavelength laser  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A short wavelength laser is provided that is driven by conventional-laser pulses. A multiplicity of panels, mounted on substrates, are supported in two separated and alternately staggered facing and parallel arrays disposed along an approximately linear path. When the panels are illuminated by the conventional-laser pulses, single pass EUV or soft x-ray laser pulses are produced.

Hagelstein, P.L.

1984-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

472

Environment/Health/Safety (EHS): Radiation Protection Group  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Radiation Protection Group Radiation Protection Group Under the direction of Radiological Control Manager (RCM) David Kestell, the Radiation Protection Group (RPG) provides radiation safety-related technical assistance to the lab community to ensure that all work is performed safely, efficiently and in compliance with applicable regulations and guidelines. BELLA facility BELLA facility BELLA facility BELLA facility BELLA NDCX NDCX Gretina Gamma particle device PET Scanner APEX APEX APEX LASER LASER Rifle, CO Rifle, CO The group: Authorizes work with radioactive material and radiation-producing machines Manages the site inventory of radioactive and nuclear material Provides coverage for: Radiological operations Radiological engineering and shielding design Internal / external dosimetry services Radiation Safety and Transportation training

473

Accelerator and Fusion Research Division: 1984 summary of activities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During fiscal 1984, major programmatic activities in AFRD continued in each of five areas: accelerator operations, highlighted by the work of nuclear science users, who produced clear evidence for the formation of compressed nuclear matter during heavy-ion collisions; high-energy physics, increasingly dominated by our participation in the design of the Superconducting Super Collider; heavy-ion fusion accelerator research, which focused on the design of a four-beam experiment as a first step toward assessing the promise of heavy-ion inertial-confinement fusion; and research at the Center for X-Ray Optics, which completed its first year of broadly based activities aimed at the exploitation of x-ray and ultraviolet radiation. At the same time, exploratory studies were under way, aimed at investigating major new programs for the division. During the past year, for example, we took a preliminary look at how we could use the Bevatron as an injector for a pair of colliding-beam rings that might provide the first glimpse of a hitherto unobserved state of matter called the quark-gluon plasma. Together with Livermore scientists, we also conducted pioneering high-gain free-electron laser (FEL) experiments and proposed a new FEL-based scheme (called the two-beam accelerator) for accelerating electrons to very high energies. And we began work on the design of the Coherent XUV Facility (CXF), an advanced electron storage ring for the production of intense coherent radiation from either undulators or free-electron lasers.

Not Available

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Laser Glazing of Railroad Rails [Laser Applications Laboratory] - Nuclear  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Laser Glazing of Railroad Laser Glazing of Railroad Rails Capabilities Engineering Experimentation Reactor Safety Experimentation Aerosol Experiments System Components Laser Applications Overview Laser Oil & Gas Well Drilling Laser Heat Treatment Laser Welding of Metals On-line Monitoring Laser Beam Delivery Laser Glazing of Railroad Rails High Power Laser Beam Delivery Decontamination and Decommissioning Refractory Alloy Welding Robots Applications Other Facilities Other Capabilities Work with Argonne Contact us For Employees Site Map Help Join us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter NE on Flickr Laser Applications Laboratory Laser Glazing of Railroad Rails Project description: Laser glazing of rails. Category: Project with industrial partner (American Association of Railroads) Bookmark and Share

475

Laser Welding of Metals [Laser Applications Laboratory] - Nuclear  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Laser Welding of Metals Laser Welding of Metals Capabilities Engineering Experimentation Reactor Safety Experimentation Aerosol Experiments System Components Laser Applications Overview Laser Oil & Gas Well Drilling Laser Heat Treatment Laser Welding of Metals On-line Monitoring Laser Beam Delivery Laser Glazing of Railroad Rails High Power Laser Beam Delivery Decontamination and Decommissioning Refractory Alloy Welding Robots Applications Other Facilities Other Capabilities Work with Argonne Contact us For Employees Site Map Help Join us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter NE on Flickr Laser Applications Laboratory Laser Welding of Metals Project description: High-speed laser welding of metals. Category: Project with industrial partner (Delphi Energy and Engine Management Systems) Bookmark and Share

476

BNL | Accelerators for Applied Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Accelerators for Applied Research Accelerators for Applied Research Brookhaven National Lab operates several accelerator facilities dedicated to applied research. These facilities directly address questions and concerns on a tremendous range of fields, including medical imaging, cancer therapy, computation, and space exploration. Leading scientists lend their expertise to these accelerators and offer crucial assistant to collaborating researchers, pushing the limits of science and technology. Interested in gaining access to these facilities for research? See the contact number listed for each facility. RHIC tunnel Brookhaven Linac Isotope Producer The Brookhaven Linac Isoptope Producer (BLIP)-positioned at the forefront of research into radioisotopes used in cancer treatment and diagnosis-produces commercially unavailable radioisotopes for use by the

477

Accelerating and rotating black holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An exact solution of Einstein's equations which represents a pair of accelerating and rotating black holes (a generalised form of the spinning C-metric) is presented. The starting point is a form of the Plebanski-Demianski metric which, in addition to the usual parameters, explicitly includes parameters which describe the acceleration and angular velocity of the sources. This is transformed to a form which explicitly contains the known special cases for either rotating or accelerating black holes. Electromagnetic charges and a NUT parameter are included, the relation between the NUT parameter $l$ and the Plebanski-Demianski parameter $n$ is given, and the physical meaning of all parameters is clarified. The possibility of finding an accelerating NUT solution is also discussed.

J. B. Griffiths; J. Podolsky

2005-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

478

Polarimeter for an Accelerated Spheromak.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??A three-beam heterodyne polarimeter has been designed and constructed to measure line-integrated density and Faraday rotation of accelerated spheromak plasmas in the Plasma Injector 1… (more)

Carle, PATRICK

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Market Acceleration | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Market Acceleration Market Acceleration Market Acceleration Photo of several men on a floating platform that is lowering monitoring tools into the ocean. The Water Power Program works to foster a commercial market for marine and hydrokinetic (MHK) energy devices in order to achieve its goal of the nation obtaining 15% of its electricity needs from all types of water power by 2030. Though marine and hydrokinetic energy is still in its infancy, the program is developing a robust portfolio of projects to accelerate wave, tidal and current project deployments and development of the MHK market in general. These projects include project siting activities, market assessments, environmental impact analyses, and research supporting technology commercialization. Learn more about the Water Power Program's work in the following areas of

480

Nonlocal theory of accelerated observers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A nonlocal theory of accelerated observers is developed on the basis of the hypothesis that an electromagnetic wave can never stand completely still with respect to an observer. In the eikonal approximation, the nonlocal theory reduces to the standard extension of Lorentz invariance to accelerated observers. The validity of the nonlocal theory would exclude the possibility of existence of any basic scalar field in nature. The observational consequences of this theory are briefly discussed.

Bahram Mashhoon

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "laser accelerator bella" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

SPEAR3 Accelerator Physics Update  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The SPEAR3 storage ring at Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory has been delivering photon beams for three years. We will give an overview of recent and ongoing accelerator physics activities, including 500 mA fills, work toward top-off injection, long-term orbit stability characterization and improvement, fast orbit feedback, new chicane optics, low alpha optics & short bunches, low emittance optics, and MATLAB software. The accelerator physics group has a strong program to characterize and improve SPEAR3 performance

Safranek, James A.; Corbett, W.Jeff; Gierman, S.; Hettel, R.O.; Huang, X.; Nosochkov, Yuri; Sebek, Jim; Terebilo, Andrei; /SLAC

2007-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

482

Sequentially pulsed traveling wave accelerator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A sequentially pulsed traveling wave compact accelerator having two or more pulse forming lines each with a switch for producing a short acceleration pulse along a short length of a beam tube, and a trigger mechanism for sequentially triggering the switches so that a traveling axial electric field is produced along the beam tube in synchronism with an axially traversing pulsed beam of charged particles to serially impart energy to the particle beam.

Caporaso, George J. (Livermore, CA); Nelson, Scott D. (Patterson, CA); Poole, Brian R. (Tracy, CA)

2009-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

483

Advanced Accelerator Concepts Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A major focus of research supported by this Grant has been on the ALPHA antihydrogen trap. We first trapped antihydrogen in 2010 and soon thereafter demonstrated trapping for 1000s. We now have observed resonant quantum interactions with antihydrogen. These papers in Nature and Nature Physics report the major milestones in anti-atom trapping. The success was only achieved through careful work that advanced our understanding of collective dynamics in charged particle systems, the development of new cooling and diagnostics, and in- novation in understanding how to make physics measurements with small numbers of anti-atoms. This research included evaporative cooling, autoresonant excitation of longitudinal motion, and centrifugal separation. Antihydrogen trapping by ALPHA is progressing towards the point when a important theories believed by most to hold for all physical systems, such as CPT (Charge-Parity-Time) invariance and the Weak Equivalence Principle (matter and antimatter behaving the same way under the influence of gravity) can be directly tested in a new regime. One motivation for this test is that most accepted theories of the Big Bang predict that we should observe equal amounts of matter and antimatter. However astrophysicists have found very little antimatter in the universe. Our experiment will, if successful over the next seven years, provide a new test of these ideas. Many earlier detailed and beautiful tests have been made, but the trapping of neutral antimatter allows us to explore the possibility of direct, model-independent tests. Successful cooling of the anti atoms, careful limits on systematics and increased trapping rates, all planned for our follow-up experiment (ALPHA-II) will reach unrivaled precision. CPT invariance implies that the spectra of hydrogen and antihydrogen should be identical. Spectra can be measured in principle with great precision, and any di#11;erences we might observe would revolutionize fundamental physics. This is the physics motivation for our experiment, one that requires only a few dozen researchers but must effectively integrate plasma, accelerator, atomic, and fundamental physics, as well as combine numerous technologies in the control, manipulation, and measurement of neutral and non-neutral particles. The ELENA ring (to which we hope to contribute, should funding be provided) is expect, when completed, to significantly enhance the performance of antihydrogen trapping by increasing by a factor of 100 the number of antiprotons that can be successfully trapped and cooled. ELENA operation is scheduled to commence in 2017. In collaboration with LBNL scientists, we proposed a frictional cooling scheme. This is an alternative cooling method to that used by ELENA. It is less complicated, experimentally unproven, and produces a lower yield of cold antiprotons. Students and postdoctoral researchers work on the trapping, cooling, transport, and nonlinear dynamics of antiprotons bunches that are provided by the AD to ALPHA; they contribute to the operation of the experiment, to software development, and to the design and operation of experiments. Students are expected to spend at summers at CERN while taking courses; after completion of courses they typically reside at CERN for most of the half-year run. The Antiproton Decelerator [AD] at CERN, along with its experiments, is the only facility in the world where antiprotons can be trapped and cooled and combined with positrons to form cold antihydrogen, with the ultimate goal of studying CPT violation and, subsequently, gravitational interactions of antimatter. Beyond the ALPHA experiment, the group worked on beam physics problems including limits on the average current in a time-dependent period cathode and new methods to create longitudinally coherent high repetition rate soft x-ray sources and wide bandwidth mode locked x-ray lasers. We completed a detailed study of quantum mechanical effects in the transit time cooling of muons.

Wurtele, Jonathan S.

2014-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

484

Teleportation with Multiple Accelerated Partners  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As the current revolution in communication is underway, quantum teleportation can increase the level of security in quantum communication applications. In this paper, we present a quantum teleportation procedure that capable to teleport either accelerated or non-accelerated information through different quantum channels. These quantum chan- nels are based on accelerated multi-qubit states, where each qubit of each of these channels represent a partner. Namely, these states are the the W state, Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) state, and the GHZ-like state. Here, we show that the fidelity of teleporting acceler- ated information is higher than the fidelity of teleporting non-accelerated information, both through a quantum channel that is based on accelerated state. Also, the comparison among the performance of these three channels shows that the degree of fidelity depends on type of the used channel, type of the measurement, and value of the acceleration. The result of comparison concludes that teleporting information through channel that is based on the GHZ state is more robust than teleporting information through channels that are based on the other two states. For future work, the proposed procedure can be generalized later to achieve communication through a wider quantum network.

Alaa Sagheer; Hala Hamdoun

2014-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

485

PALM - Laser Capture Microdissection | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

PALM - Laser Capture Microdissection PALM - Laser Capture Microdissection This Laser Capture Microdissection system is equipped with 100 x objective lens for enriching distinct...

486

Learn More about Fusion & Lasers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

& Lasers How Lasers Work Learn how lasers were developed and how they work. Outreach NIF & Photon Science researchers take learning opportunities on the road. Glossary Don't...

487

Proposal of Liquid Cannon Target Driven by Fiber Laser for Micro-Thruster in Satellite  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose a new concept controlling a satellite by a fiber laser loaded in it and demonstrated the acceleration of pendulum with 7kW/2n and 2kHz fiber laser, and measured the Cm of 16Ns/MJ corresponding to the scaling of YAG laser. This laser can be easily bundled to generate much larger power. For more efficient acceleration, we propose 'metal-free water cannon target', the new concept of propulsion using only water. The momentum coupling coefficient of 2500[Ns/MJ] was achieved with vacuum pump oil instead of water, and we succeeded in controlling the driving direction by the system based on the new concept. This can be used for thrusting a satellite and controlling its posture in combination with fiber lasers.

Yabe, Takashi; Ohzono, Hirokazu; Ohkubo, Tomomasa; Baasandash, Choijil; Yamaguchi, Masashi; Oku, Takehiro; Taniguchi, Kazumoto; Miyazaki, Sho; Akoh, Ryosuke; Ogata, Yoichi; Rosenberg, Benjamin [Tokyo Institute of Technology, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering and Science 2-12-1 O-okayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-8552 (Japan); Yoshida, Minoru [Mitsubishi Cable Industries, Ltd. (Japan)

2004-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

488

Laser-driven hole boring and gamma-ray emission in high-density plasmas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ion acceleration in laser-produced dense plasmas is a key topic of many recent investigations thanks to its potential applications. Besides, at forthcoming laser intensities ($I \\gtrsim 10^{23} \\text{W}\\,\\text{cm}^{-2}$) interaction of laser pulses with plasmas can be accompanied by copious gamma-ray emission. Here we demonstrate the mutual influence of gamma-ray emission and ion acceleration during relativistic hole boring in high-density plasmas with ultra-intense laser pulses. If gamma-ray emission is abundant, laser pulse reflection and hole-boring velocity are lower and gamma-ray radiation pattern is narrower than in the case of low emission. Conservation of energy and momentum allows one to elucidate the effects of gamma-ray emission which are more pronounced at higher hole-boring velocities.

Nerush, Evgeny

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Study of laser plasma interactions in the relativistic regime  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We discuss the first experimental demonstration of electron acceleration by a laser wakefield over instances greater than a Rayleigh range (or the distance a laser normally propagates in vacuum). A self-modulated laser wakefield plasma wave is shown to have a field gradient that exceeds that of an RF linac by four orders of magnitude (E => 200 GV/m) and accelerates electrons with over 1-nC of charge per bunch in a beam with space-charge-limited emittance (1 mm-mrad). Above a laser power threshold, a plasma channel, created by the intense ultrashort laser pulse (I approx. 4 x1018 W/CM2, gamma = 1 micron, r = 400 fs), was found to increase the laser propagation distance, decrease the electron beam divergence, and increase the electron energy. The plasma wave, directly measured with coherent Thomson scattering is shown to damp-due to beam loading-in a duration of 1.5 ps or approx. 100 plasma periods. These results may have important implications for the proposed fast ignitor concept.

Umstadter, D.

1997-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

490

ACCELERATED DESTRUCTIVE DEGRADATION TESTS: DATA, MODELS,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ACCELERATED DESTRUCTIVE DEGRADATION TESTS: DATA, MODELS, AND ANALYSIS Luis A. Escobar Dept are often accelerated by testing at higher than usual levels of accelerating variables like temperature. This chapter describes an important class of models for accelerated destructive degradation data. We use

491

Accelerators: powering cutting-edge research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accelerators: powering cutting-edge research #12;What is a particle accelerator? Booster ourselves. Particle accelerators are our attempt to turn back the clock and see into the early stages of the Universe. They accelerate everyday charged particles (electrons or protons) to close to the speed of light

Crowther, Paul

492

US LHC Accelerator Project and Research Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

US LHC Accelerator Project and Research Program Jim Strait Fermilab 13 June 2002 brookhaven - fermilab - berkeley US LHC ACCELERATOR PROJECT #12;13 June 2002 J. Strait - US LHC Accelerator Project 2 Outline US LHC Accelerator (Construction) Project Project Technical and Schedule Status Cost and Schedule

Large Hadron Collider Program

493

BNL | CO2 Laser  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CO2 Laser CO2 Laser The ATF is one of the only two facilities worldwide operating picosecond, terawatt-class CO2 lasers. Our laser system consists of a picoseconds pulse-injector based on fast optical switching from the output of a conventional CO2 laser oscillator, and a chain of high-pressure laser amplifiers. It starts with a wavelength converter wherein a near-IR picosecond solid-state laser with lĀ»1 Ī¼m produces a mid-IR 10-Ī¼m pulse. This process employs two methods; semiconductor optical switching, and the Kerr effect. First, we combine the outputs from a multi-nanosecond CO2 laser oscillator with a picosecond Nd:YAG laser on a germanium Brewster-plate to produce an ~200 ps, 10Ī¼m pulse by semiconductor optical switching. Co-propagating this pulse with a Nd:YAG's 2nd harmonic in a

494

Ultra-high vacuum photoelectron linear accelerator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An rf linear accelerator for producing an electron beam. The outer wall of the rf cavity of said linear accelerator being perforated to allow gas inside said rf cavity to flow to a pressure chamber surrounding said rf cavity and having means of ultra high vacuum pumping of the cathode of said rf linear accelerator. Said rf linear accelerator is used to accelerate polarized or unpolarized electrons produced by a photocathode, or to accelerate thermally heated electrons produced by a thermionic cathode, or to accelerate rf heated field emission electrons produced by a field emission cathode.

Yu, David U.L.; Luo, Yan

2013-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

495

Few-cycle optical probe-pulse for investigation of relativistic laser-plasma interactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development of a few-cycle optical probe-pulse for the investigation of laser-plasma interactions driven by a Ti:sapphire, 30 Terawatt (TW) laser system is described. The probe is seeded by a fraction of the driving laser's energy and is spectrally broadened via self-phase modulation in a hollow core fiber filled with a rare gas, then temporally compressed to a few optical cycles via chirped mirrors. Shadowgrams of the laser-driven plasma wave created in relativistic electron acceleration experiments are presented with few-fs temporal resolution, which is shown to be independent of post-interaction spectral filtering of the probe-beam.

Schwab, M. B.; Sävert, A.; Polz, J.; Schnell, M.; Rinck, T.; Möller, M.; Hansinger, P. [Insitut für Optik und Quantenelektronik, Max-Wien-Platz 1, 07743 Jena (Germany)] [Insitut für Optik und Quantenelektronik, Max-Wien-Platz 1, 07743 Jena (Germany); Jäckel, O.; Paulus, G. G.; Kaluza, M. C. [Insitut für Optik und Quantenelektronik, Max-Wien-Platz 1, 07743 Jena (Germany) [Insitut für Optik und Quantenelektronik, Max-Wien-Platz 1, 07743 Jena (Germany); Helmholtz-Institut Jena, Fröbelstieg 3, 07743 Jena (Germany); Veisz, L. [Max-Planck-Institut für Quantenoptik, Hans-Kopfermann-Straße 1, 85748 Garching (Germany)] [Max-Planck-Institut für Quantenoptik, Hans-Kopfermann-Straße 1, 85748 Garching (Germany)

2013-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

496

Foam-buffered laser-matter interactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent experiments indicate that low-density foam buffer layers can significantly mitigate the perturbing effects of beam non-uniformities in direct drive laser-matter interactions. Results of a computational study with a 2D ALE code are reported here. Typical targets consisted of 50 {mu}m of 50mg/cm{sup 3} C{sub 10}H{sub 8}O{sub 4} foam attached to a 10 {mu}m foil and covered with 250 {Angstrom} of gold. These targets were exposed to {approximately}1.2ns, flat topped, green light pulses at {approximately}1.4{times}10{sup 14}W/cm{sup 2} intensity, bearing 30 {mu}m lateral perturbations. Without the buffer layers the foils were severely disrupted after 1 ns of laser illumination. Buffering could provide stability for more than 2 ns of full shell acceleration. Our study shows that the high thermal conductivity of the foam results in flattened shocks in the foam plasma, communicating a smoothed laser drive to the accelerated shells. Preheat from the gold hastens conversion of solid foam to a heated plasma. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

Mason, R.J.; Kopp, R.A.; Vu, H.X.; Wilson, D.C.; Goldman, S.R.; Watt, R.G. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico87545 (United States)] Willi, O. [The Blacket Laboratory, Imperial College of Science and Technology London, SW72Bz (United Kingdom)

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Foam-buffered laser-matter interactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent experiments indicate that low-density foam buffer layers can significantly mitigate the perturbing effects of beam non-uniformities in direct drive laser-matter interactions. Results of a computational study with a 2D ALE code are reported here. Typical targets consisted of 50 {mu}m of 50 mg/cm{sup 3} C{sub 10}H{sub 8}O{sub 4} foam attached to a 10 {mu}m foil and covered with 250 A of gold. These targets were exposed to {approx}1.2 ns, flat topped, green light pulses at {approx}1.4x10{sup 14} W/cm{sup 2} intensity, bearing 30 {mu}m lateral perturbations. Without the buffer layers the foils were severely disrupted after 1 ns of laser illumination. Buffering could provide stability for more than 2 ns of full shell acceleration. Our study shows that the high thermal conductivity of the foam results in flattened shocks in the foam plasma, communicating a smoothed laser drive to the accelerated shells. Preheat from the gold hastens conversion of solid foam to a heated plasma.

Mason, R. J.; Kopp, R. A.; Vu, H. X.; Wilson, D. C.; Goldman, S. R.; Watt, R. G. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Willi, O. [Blacket Laboratory, Imperial College of Science and Technology London, SW72Bz (United Kingdom)

1997-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

498

Foam-buffered laser-matter interactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent experiments indicate that low-density foam buffer layers can significantly mitigate the perturbing effects of beam non-uniformities in direct drive laser-matter interactions. Results of a computational study with a 2D ALE code are reported here. Typical targets consisted of 50 {micro}m of 50 mg/cm{sup 3} C{sub 10}H{sub 8}O{sub 4} foam attached to a 10 {micro}m foil and covered with 250 {angstrom} of gold. These targets were exposed to {approximately} 1.2 ns, flat topped, green light pulses at {approximately} 1.4 {times} 10{sup 14} W/cm{sup 2} intensity, bearing 30 {micro}m lateral perturbations. Without the buffer layers the foils were severely disrupted after 1 ns of laser illumination. Buffering could provide stability for more than 2 ns of full shell acceleration. This study shows that the high thermal conductivity of the foam results in flattened shocks in the foam plasma, communicating a smoothed laser drive to the accelerated shells. Preheat from the gold hastens conversion of solid foam to the smoothing heated plasma.

Mason, R.J.; Kopp, R.A.; Vu, H.X.; Wilson, D.C.; Goldman, S.R.; Watt, R.G.

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Dielectric Wakefield Accelerator to drive the future FEL Light Source.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

X-ray free-electron lasers (FELs) are expensive instruments and a large part of the cost of the entire facility is driven by the accelerator. Using a high-energy gain dielectric wake-field accelerator (DWA) instead of the conventional accelerator may provide a significant cost saving and reduction of the facility size. In this article, we investigate using a collinear dielectric wakefield accelerator to provide a high repetition rate, high current, high energy beam to drive a future FEL x-ray light source. As an initial case study, a {approx}100 MV/m loaded gradient, 850 GHz quartz dielectric based 2-stage, wakefield accelerator is proposed to generate a main electron beam of 8 GeV, 50 pC/bunch, {approx}1.2 kA of peak current, 10 x 10 kHz (10 beamlines) in just 100 meters with the fill factor and beam loading considered. This scheme provides 10 parallel main beams with one 100 kHz drive beam. A drive-to-main beam efficiency {approx}38.5% can be achieved with an advanced transformer ratio enhancement technique. rf power dissipation in the structure is only 5 W/cm{sup 2} in the high repetition rate, high gradient operation mode, which is in the range of advanced water cooling capability. Details of study presented in the article include the overall layout, the transform ratio enhancement scheme used to increase the drive to main beam efficiency, main wakefield linac design, cooling of the structure, etc.

Jing, C.; Power, J.; Zholents, A. (Accelerator Systems Division (APS)); ( HEP); (LLC)

2011-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

500

Pulse - Accelerator Science in Medicine  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

t the forefront of biomedical research, medical scientists use particle accelerators to explore the structure of biological molecules. They use the energy that charged particles emit when accelerated to nearly the speed of light to create one of the brightest lights on earth, 30 times more powerful than the sun and focused on a pinpoint. t the forefront of biomedical research, medical scientists use particle accelerators to explore the structure of biological molecules. They use the energy that charged particles emit when accelerated to nearly the speed of light to create one of the brightest lights on earth, 30 times more powerful than the sun and focused on a pinpoint. Deciphering the structure of proteins is key to understanding biological processes and healing disease. To determine a proteinĀ’s structure, researchers direct the beam from an accelerator called a synchrotron through a protein crystal. The crystal scatters the beam onto a detector. From the pattern of scattering, computers calculate the position of every atom in the protein molecule and create a 3-D image of the molecule.